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Sample records for center mskcc experience

  1. Treatment of Advanced or Recurrent Endometrial Carcinoma with Doxorubicin in Patients Progressing after Paclitaxel/Carboplatin: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) Experience from 1995-2009

    PubMed Central

    Makker, Vicky; Hensley, Martee L.; Zhou, Qin; Iasonos, Alexia; Aghajanian, Carol. A.

    2013-01-01

    Objective Long-term survival for patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma is poor, and limited options exist for the management of recurrent disease. Our goal was to investigate the activity of doxorubicin in the second-line setting in patients who progressed after paclitaxel/carboplatin adjuvant treatment. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with recurrent endometrial carcinoma who were treated at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center from 1995-2009, and who received paclitaxel/carboplatin adjuvant chemotherapy followed by second-line doxorubicin therapy at time of recurrence. The median PFS and OS times following paclitaxel/carboplatin and following second-line doxorubicin therapy were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Toxicity was assessed by the treating physician at each visit and graded using version 4.0 of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE). Patient presentation, treatment, patterns of recurrence, and patient outcomes were summarized. Results Seventeen patients were included in study analyses. The median PFS from completion of paclitaxel/carboplatin was 8.0 months (95% CI: 4.5-13.6 months). At the time of recurrence, all 17 patients were treated with doxorubicin as second-line therapy. No patient achieved objective response of stable disease. The median PFS of this cohort following doxorubicin treatment was 2.1 months (95% CI: 0.95-2.7) months. Median OS was 5.8 months (95% CI: 1.0-15.0 months). There is only one patient still alive; her median follow-up time is 49.4 months. Predominant doxorubicin-related grade 2 toxicities included nausea/vomiting (18.8%), fatigue (18.8%), and neutropenia (12.5%). No grade 3 or 4 toxicities occurred. Conclusions Among patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma who had received adjuvant paclitaxel/carboplatin, treatment with doxorubicin at time of disease recurrence failed to achieve any objective responses and was associated with a very short (2 months) time to

  2. Efficacy of sorafenib correlates with Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) risk classification and bone metastasis in Chinese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yushi; Li, Yongqiang; Cai, Yi; Wang, Ke; Li, Hanzhong

    2016-02-01

    Several prognostic models have been developed to assess the efficacy and safety of sorafenib for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), but few studies have validated its use in Chinese patients. The objective of this single center, single arm retrospective study was to examine the efficacy and safety of sorafenib and its related prognostic clinico-pathologic factors in Chinese mRCC patients. One hundred thirty four mRCC patients were enrolled. All patients received 400 mg of sorafenib orally twice daily. The dose was subsequently adjusted in the event of treatment-induced toxicity. Tumor response, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and adverse events (AEs) were determined. The median PFS and OS were 10 months (1-36 months) and 22 months (2-37 months), respectively. Complete, partial, and stable disease were observed in two (1.49%), 24 (17.91%), and 99 (73.88%) patients, respectively. Hand/foot skin reactions, diarrhea and fatigue were the most commonly observed AEs following sorafenib treatment. Among the AEs, only 13 grades 3 and 4 were observed. Multivariate analysis revealed that independent predictive factors for PFS included Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) risk status, and bone metastasis (all p < 0.05). Factors associated with OS included MSKCC risk values, bone metastasis and sorafenib-induced hypertension (all p < 0.05). The introduction of sorafenib therapy for mRCC in Chinese patients may lead to a favorable disease control with acceptable tolerability. In addition, the parameters predicting favorable outcomes, including ECOG status, MSKCC risk status and bone metastasis, may have prognostic value in clinical practice.

  3. Contemporary management of penile cancer: greater than 15 year MSKCC experience.

    PubMed

    Moses, Kelvin A; Winer, Andrew; Sfakianos, John P; Poon, Stephen A; Kent, Matthew; Bernstein, Melanie; Russo, Paul; Dalbagni, Guido

    2014-04-01

    Penile cancer is a rare malignancy, and few guidelines are available to define treatment paradigms. For greater understanding of the natural history of surgically treated penile cancer, we analyzed the experience at our institution. Using an institutional database, we identified 127 patients treated for squamous cell carcinoma of the penis from 1995-2011. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Survival data were compared using the log-rank test. The difference in risk of cancer-specific death by lymph node status and histological grade was determined by univariate Cox regression analysis. Five year CSS for pTis, pT1, pT2, and pT3/4 was 100%, 84% (95% CI 58%-95%), 54% (95% CI 33%-71%), and 54% (95% CI 25%-76%), respectively (p ≤ .005). Three year CSS for patients with N0, N+, and Nx disease was 90% (95% CI 47%-99%), 65% (95% CI 47%-79%), and 86% (95% CI 73%-93%), respectively (p = .03). The receipt of neoadjuvant chemotherapy did not change per 5 year period over the 16 years of our study. Median follow up was 2.8 years. Penile cancer patients with advanced disease had poor survival. Tumor stage and nodal status were significant predictors of CSS. Penis-sparing approaches may be considered for most patients; however, pathological stage and grade dictate the management and ultimate outcome. Further studies are necessary to clarify the benefits of chemotherapy in this disease.

  4. A Personal Reflection on the History of Radiation Oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

    SciTech Connect

    Chu, Florence C.H.

    2011-07-01

    Purpose: To provide a historical and personal narrative of the development of radiation oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), from its founding more than 100 years ago to the present day. Methods and Materials: Historical sources include the Archives of MSKCC, publications by members of MSKCC, the author's personal records and recollections, and her communications with former colleagues, particularly Dr. Basil Hilaris, Dr. Zvi Fuks, and Dr. Beryl McCormick. Conclusions: The author, who spent 38 years at MSKCC, presents the challenges and triumphs of MSKCC's Radiation Oncology Department and details MSKCC's breakthroughs in radiation oncology. She also describes MSKCC's involvement in the founding of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology.

  5. Chemical & RNAi screening at MSKCC: a collaborative platform to discover & repurpose drugs to fight disease.

    PubMed

    Bhinder, Bhavneet; Antczak, Christophe; Shum, David; Radu, Constantin; Mahida, Jeni P; Liu-Sullivan, Nancy; Ibanez, Glorymar; Raja, Balajee Somalinga; Calder, Paul A; Djaballah, Hakim

    2014-05-01

    Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) has implemented the creation of a full service state-of-the-art High-throughput Screening Core Facility (HTSCF) equipped with modern robotics and custom-built screening data management resources to rapidly store and query chemical and RNAi screening data outputs. The mission of the facility is to provide oncology clinicians and researchers alike with access to cost-effective HTS solutions for both chemical and RNAi screening, with an ultimate goal of novel target identification and drug discovery. HTSCF was established in 2003 to support the institution's commitment to growth in molecular pharmacology and in the realm of therapeutic agents to fight chronic diseases such as cancer. This endeavor required broad range of expertise in technology development to establish robust and innovative assays, large collections of diverse chemical and RNAi duplexes to probe specific cellular events, sophisticated compound and data handling capabilities, and a profound knowledge in assay development, hit validation, and characterization. Our goal has been to strive for constant innovation, and we strongly believe in shifting the paradigm from traditional drug discovery towards translational research now, making allowance for unmet clinical needs in patients. Our efforts towards repurposing FDA-approved drugs fructified when digoxin, identified through primary HTS, was administered in the clinic for treatment of stage Vb retinoblastoma. In summary, the overall aim of our facility is to identify novel chemical probes, to study cellular processes relevant to investigator's research interest in chemical biology and functional genomics, and to be instrumental in accelerating the process of drug discovery in academia.

  6. Chemical & RNAi screening at MSKCC: a collaborative platform to discover & repurpose drugs to fight disease

    PubMed Central

    Bhinder, Bhavneet; Antczak, Christophe; Shum, David; Radu, Constantin; Mahida, Jeni P.; Liu-Sullivan, Nancy; Ibáñez, Glorymar; Raja, Balajee Somalinga; Calder, Paul A.; Djaballah, Hakim

    2014-01-01

    Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) has implemented the creation of a full service state-of-the-art High-throughput Screening Core Facility (HTSCF) equipped with modern robotics and custom-built screening data management resources to rapidly store and query chemical and RNAi screening data outputs. The mission of the facility is to provide oncology clinicians and researchers alike with access to cost-effective HTS solutions for both chemical and RNAi screening, with an ultimate goal of novel target identification and drug discovery. HTSCF was established in 2003 to support the institution’s commitment to growth in molecular pharmacology and in the realm of therapeutic agents to fight chronic diseases such as cancer. This endeavor required broad range of expertise in technology development to establish robust and innovative assays, large collections of diverse chemical and RNAi duplexes to probe specific cellular events, sophisticated compound and data handling capabilities, and a profound knowledge in assay development, hit validation, and characterization. Our goal has been to strive for constant innovation, and we strongly believe in shifting the paradigm from traditional drug discovery towards translational research now, making allowance for unmet clinical needs in patients. Our efforts towards repurposing FDA-approved drugs fructified when digoxin, identified through primary HTS, was administered in the clinic for treatment of stage Vb retinoblastoma. In summary, the overall aim of our facility is to identify novel chemical probes, to study cellular processes relevant to investigator’s research interest in chemical biology and functional genomics, and to be instrumental in accelerating the process of drug discovery in academia. PMID:24661215

  7. Melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers in hairy cell leukaemia: a SEER population analysis and the 30-year experience at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

    PubMed Central

    Watts, Justin M; Kishtagari, Ashwin; Hsu, Meier; Lacouture, Mario E; Postow, Michael A; Park, Jae H; Stein, Eytan M; Teruya-Feldstein, Julie; Abdel-Wahab, Omar; Devlin, Sean M; Tallman, Martin S

    2016-01-01

    Few studies have examined melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) incidence rates after a diagnosis of hairy cell leukaemia (HCL). We assessed 267 HCL patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) data for melanoma and NMSC incidence rates after HCL. Incidence data from MSKCC patients demonstrated a 10-year combined melanoma and NMSC skin cancer rate of 11.3%, melanoma 4.4% and NMSC 6.9%. Molecular analysis of skin cancers from MSKCC patients revealed activating RAS mutations in 3/9 patients, including one patient with melanoma. Of 4,750 SEER patients with HCL, 55 (1.2%) had a subsequent diagnosis of melanoma. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) did not show that melanoma was more common in HCL patients versus the general population (SIR 1.3, 95% CI 0.78–2.03). Analysis of SEER HCL patients diagnosed before and after 1990 (approximately before and after purine analogue therapy was introduced) showed no evidence of an increased incidence after 1990. A better understanding of any potential association between HCL and skin cancer is highly relevant given ongoing trials using BRAF inhibitors, such as vemurafenib, for relapsed HCL, as RAS-mutant skin cancers could be paradoxically activated in these patients. PMID:26115047

  8. Anonymous donation: a transplant center's experience.

    PubMed

    Mitzel, Heather; Snyders, Michele

    2002-06-01

    As demands for organs increase, transplant centers are now considering alternative resources. This paper looks at the experiences of one kidney transplant center as it developed its anonymous donor protocol. The authors review the historical use of living donors and discuss why the program initially considered this type of donor. The team members and the decision-making process are identified, including ethical dilemmas confronted by the team. Finally, the protocol and anticipated concerns are presented.

  9. Intermediate load-center photovoltaic application experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Burgess, E. L.

    1980-01-01

    A total of nine intermediate load-center photovoltaic systems were carried into the construction phase this year. These nine systems range in size from 20 to 225 kW/sub p/ electrical output and total almost 1 MW/sub p/. They are being installed in a diverse set of applications and locations and represent the bulk of the photovoltaic initial system evaluation experiments (ISEE) for the intermediate load-center sector. Each of these experiments are briefly described and the status of the construction phase is given for each project.

  10. Medico-economic impact of MSKCC non-sentinel node prediction nomogram for ER-positive HER2-negative breast cancers

    PubMed Central

    Guillot, Eugénie; Feron, Jean-Guillaume; Fourchotte, Virginie; Alran, Séverine; Pierga, Jean-Yves; Cottu, Paul; Lerebours, Florence; Stevens, Denise; Vincent-Salomon, Anne; Sigal-Zafrani, Brigitte; Campana, François; Rouzier, Roman; Reyal, Fabien

    2017-01-01

    Background Avoiding axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for invasive breast cancers with isolated tumor cells or micrometastatic sentinel node biopsy (SNB) could decrease morbidity with minimal clinical significance. Purpose The aim of this study is to simulate the medico-economic impact of the routine use of the MSKCC non-sentinel node (NSN) prediction nomogram for ER+ HER2- breast cancer patients. Methods We studied 1036 ER+ HER2- breast cancer patients with a metastatic SNB. All had a complementary ALND. For each patient, we calculated the probability of the NSN positivity using the MSKCC nomogram. After validation of this nomogram in the population, we described how the patients’ characteristics spread as the threshold value changed. Then, we performed an economic simulation study to estimate the total cost of caring for patients treated according to the MSKCC predictive nomogram results. Results A 0.3 threshold discriminate the type of sentinel node (SN) metastases: 98.8% of patients with pN0(i+) and 91.6% of patients with pN1(mic) had a MSKCC score under 0.3 (false negative rate = 6.4%). If we use the 0.3 threshold for economic simulation, 43% of ALND could be avoided, reducing the costs of caring by 1 051 980 EUROS among the 1036 patients. Conclusion We demonstrated the cost-effectiveness of using the MSKCC NSN prediction nomogram by avoiding ALND for the pN0(i+) or pN1(mic) ER+ HER2- breast cancer patients with a MSKCC score of less than or equal to 0.3. PMID:28241044

  11. Career Education Through Multi-Experience Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quincy Public School District 172, IL.

    The overall objective of Career Education Through Multi-Experience Centers is to develop and implement a comprehensive career education program for special education in the Quincy, Illinois public schools. Part one of the report provides statistical data on the project. The bulk of part two analyzes the progress made toward accomplishing the…

  12. NASA Lewis Research Center combustion MHD experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, J. M.

    The MHD power generation experiments were conducted in a high field strength cryomagnet which was adapted from an existing facility. In its original construction, it consisted of 12 high purity aluminum coils pool cooled in a bath of liquid neon. In this configuration, a peak field of 15 tesla was produced. For the present experiments, the center four coils were removed and a 23 cm diameter transverse warm bore tube was inserted to allow the placement of the MHD experiment between the remaining eight coils. In this configuration, a peak field of 6 tesla should be obtainable. The time duration of the experiment is limited by the neon supply which allows on the order of 1 minute of total operating time followed by an 18-hour reliquefaction period. As a result, the experiments are run in a pulsed mode. The run duration for the data presented here was 5 sec. The magnetic field profile along the MHD duct is shown. Since the working fluid is in essence superheated steam, it is easily water quenched at the exit of the diffuser and the components are designed vacuum tight so that the exhaust pipe and demister an be pumped down to simulate the vacuum of outer space.

  13. The Deep Impact Network Experiment Operations Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Torgerson, J. Leigh; Clare, Loren; Wang, Shin-Ywan

    2009-01-01

    Delay/Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) promises solutions in solving space communications challenges arising from disconnections as orbiters lose line-of-sight with landers, long propagation delays over interplanetary links, and other phenomena. DTN has been identified as the basis for the future NASA space communications network backbone, and international standardization is progressing through both the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) and the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). JPL has developed an implementation of the DTN architecture, called the Interplanetary Overlay Network (ION). ION is specifically implemented for space use, including design for use in a real-time operating system environment and high processing efficiency. In order to raise the Technology Readiness Level of ION, the first deep space flight demonstration of DTN is underway, using the Deep Impact (DI) spacecraft. Called the Deep Impact Network (DINET), operations are planned for Fall 2008. An essential component of the DINET project is the Experiment Operations Center (EOC), which will generate and receive the test communications traffic as well as "out-of-DTN band" command and control of the DTN experiment, store DTN flight test information in a database, provide display systems for monitoring DTN operations status and statistics (e.g., bundle throughput), and support query and analyses of the data collected. This paper describes the DINET EOC and its value in the DTN flight experiment and potential for further DTN testing.

  14. The Deep Impact Network Experiment Operations Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Torgerson, J. Leigh; Clare, Loren; Wang, Shin-Ywan

    2009-01-01

    Delay/Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) promises solutions in solving space communications challenges arising from disconnections as orbiters lose line-of-sight with landers, long propagation delays over interplanetary links, and other phenomena. DTN has been identified as the basis for the future NASA space communications network backbone, and international standardization is progressing through both the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) and the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). JPL has developed an implementation of the DTN architecture, called the Interplanetary Overlay Network (ION). ION is specifically implemented for space use, including design for use in a real-time operating system environment and high processing efficiency. In order to raise the Technology Readiness Level of ION, the first deep space flight demonstration of DTN is underway, using the Deep Impact (DI) spacecraft. Called the Deep Impact Network (DINET), operations are planned for Fall 2008. An essential component of the DINET project is the Experiment Operations Center (EOC), which will generate and receive the test communications traffic as well as "out-of-DTN band" command and control of the DTN experiment, store DTN flight test information in a database, provide display systems for monitoring DTN operations status and statistics (e.g., bundle throughput), and support query and analyses of the data collected. This paper describes the DINET EOC and its value in the DTN flight experiment and potential for further DTN testing.

  15. Melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers in hairy cell leukaemia: a Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results population analysis and the 30-year experience at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.

    PubMed

    Watts, Justin M; Kishtagari, Ashwin; Hsu, Meier; Lacouture, Mario E; Postow, Michael A; Park, Jae H; Stein, Eytan M; Teruya-Feldstein, Julie; Abdel-Wahab, Omar; Devlin, Sean M; Tallman, Martin S

    2015-10-01

    Few studies have examined melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) incidence rates after a diagnosis of hairy cell leukaemia (HCL). We assessed 267 HCL patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) data for melanoma and NMSC incidence rates after HCL. Incidence data from MSKCC patients demonstrated a 10-year combined melanoma and NMSC skin cancer rate of 11·3%, melanoma 4·4% and NMSC 6·9%. Molecular analysis of skin cancers from MSKCC patients revealed activating RAS mutations in 3/9 patients, including one patient with melanoma. Of 4750 SEER patients with HCL, 55 (1·2%) had a subsequent diagnosis of melanoma. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) did not show that melanoma was more common in HCL patients versus the general population (SIR 1·3, 95% CI 0·78-2·03). Analysis of SEER HCL patients diagnosed before and after 1990 (approximately before and after purine analogue therapy was introduced) showed no evidence of an increased incidence after 1990. A better understanding of any potential association between HCL and skin cancer is highly relevant given ongoing trials using BRAF inhibitors, such as vemurafenib, for relapsed HCL, as RAS-mutant skin cancers could be paradoxically activated in these patients. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Single Center Experience With Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Woo Ram; Hur, Hyuk; Min, Byung Soh; Baik, Seung Hyuk; Lee, Kang Young

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) have been proposed for controlling peritoneal seeding metastasis in some kinds of cancers, including those of colorectal origin, but their safety and oncological benefits are subjects of debate. We present our early experience with those procedures. Methods Data were retrospectively collected from all patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) and pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) treated using CRS and HIPEC at Yonsei Cancer Center between July 2014 and July 2015. Short-term outcomes and risk factors for postoperative complications were analyzed. Results Twenty-three patients with PC (n = 18) and PMP (n = 5) underwent CRS and HIPEC. Median follow-up and age were 2 months and 54 years, respectively. The median peritoneal carcinomatosis index score was 15, and CC0-1 was achieved in 78.3% of all patients. The median operation time and bleeding loss were 590 minutes and 570 mL, respectively. Grade-IIIa/grade-IIIb complications occurred in 4.3% (n = 1)/26.1% (n = 6) of the patients within 30 days postoperatively, and no 30-day mortalities were reported. Factors related to postoperative complications with CRS and HIPEC were number of organ resection (P = 0.013), longer operation time (P < 0.001), and amount of blood loss (P = 0.003). All patients treated with cetuximab for recurred colorectal cancer had grade-III postoperative complication. Conclusion Our initial experience with CRS and HIPEC presented about 30% grade-III postoperative complications. Therefore, expert surgeons need to perform those procedures with great caution in selected patients who might benefit from it. PMID:28289659

  17. Increasing Counseling Center Utilization: Yeshiva University's Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Victor; Nissel, Chaim; Eisenberg, Daniel; Kay, Jerald; Brown, Joshua T.

    2012-01-01

    Yeshiva University established a counseling center during the 2004-2005 academic year. As a religiously based institution, the administration recognized that there would likely be significant impediments to utilization of on-campus mental health services as a result of negative attitudes about mental illness and its treatment--stigma. To combat…

  18. Increasing Counseling Center Utilization: Yeshiva University's Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Victor; Nissel, Chaim; Eisenberg, Daniel; Kay, Jerald; Brown, Joshua T.

    2012-01-01

    Yeshiva University established a counseling center during the 2004-2005 academic year. As a religiously based institution, the administration recognized that there would likely be significant impediments to utilization of on-campus mental health services as a result of negative attitudes about mental illness and its treatment--stigma. To combat…

  19. Apheresis education: One center curriculum design experience.

    PubMed

    Nemec, Rosaleen

    2017-04-01

    There is little published in regards to apheresis education and curriculum for nursing. As more importance is placed on education, competency and skills for apheresis through accreditation processes, institutions are left to determine the educational requirements needed for nursing. Working with limited resources, one center has designed a comprehensive apheresis curriculum program that encompasses skills and theory for the novice to experienced learner. Utilizing existing hospital education and incorporating it into the apheresis curriculum was designed to meet the needs of the patient population, nurses and hospital. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Reliability Centered Maintenance: the EDF's Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Huyart, Thierry; Degrave, Claude; Dubreuil-Chambardel, Alain

    2002-07-01

    In order to ensure safest possible operation and to get best overall economic performance of its Nuclear Power Plants, 10 years ago Electricite de France launched a Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) project (the so-called OMF Methodology in French) to optimize the preventive maintenance programs, while keeping safety at the right level required. The principles underlying the RCM approach are based on common sense: failures must be prevented by preventive maintenance operations in all cases when the repercussions for the installation could be serious or critical in term of safety, availability or maintenance costs. The new preventive maintenance programs are presently almost completed and progressively implemented. Here and now, the implementation of the RCM approach allows to emphasize some benefits in the fields of costs, safety availability and maintenance culture. (authors)

  1. [Degree thesis in nursing: single center experience].

    PubMed

    Bulfone, Giampiera; Zanini, Antonietta; Cuomo, Elisabetta; Bresadola, Marco

    2008-01-01

    In literature, about Italy, there are only few studies regarding final thesis and the choices of the nursing student of first level degree. The scope of this study is to analyze the theses of the nursing students of University of Udine to the aim to characterize the fields and and the modalities used from the students in order to write this work. This work analysed 162 theses discussed in three years academics. The triennial experience of Udine's University demonstrates that the nursing students invest more time to elaborate this theses especially in clinical area and intrahospital context. The structuring of a multicentric study that involved other university could give surer information.

  2. Resternotomy, a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Salehi, Mehrdad; Bakhshandeh, Ali Reza; Saberi, Kianoush; Alemohammad, Mahmood; Sobhanian, Keivan; Karamnezhad, Maziar; Rigi, Farangis Sarouneh

    2017-01-01

    Background Reoperations are technically more difficult because of the risks associated with reentry in a heart with more advanced pathology, little reserve, and more frequent comorbidities. Routine peripheral cannulation before resternotomy is inadvisable, time-consuming, and has no noticeable role in decreasing the risks of reentry. We present our experience of resternotomy without routine peripheral cannulation. Methods This was a retrospective study on 237 consecutive patients who underwent resternotomy between June 2011 and July 2013. Their mean age was 47.7 ± 18.2 years. We chose the best approach individually, according to lateral radiograph findings, patient risk factors, and previous surgery. Our goal was to observe events intraoperatively and their outcomes postoperatively. Results Mean intensive care unit stay was 3.1 ± 0.9 days. Twenty-one (8.8%) patients died during their hospital stay. The most common cause of death was renal failure in 15 (71.4%) patients, coagulopathy in 4 (19%), and cardiac failure in 2 (9.5%). We had 3 right ventricular, one right atrial, one pulmonary artery, and 2 inferior vena caval tears during resternotomy and dissection; bleeding was controlled easily without peripheral cannulation. Femoral cannulation before resternotomy was performed in one patient who needed an emergency pulmonary embolectomy. Conclusions Based on our experience, resternotomy with central cannulation is a safe strategy, and peripheral cannulation before resternotomy should be reserved for highly selected patients.

  3. Juvenile dermatomyositis: a tertiary center experience.

    PubMed

    Barut, Kenan; Aydin, Pinar Ozge Avar; Adrovic, Amra; Sahin, Sezgin; Kasapcopur, Ozgur

    2017-02-01

    Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology and primarily involves muscle and skin. It is the most common idiopathic inflammatory myopathy of childhood. This study aimed to evaluate demographic and clinical features, laboratory data, treatment modalities, and outcome of patients with JDM at a referral pediatric rheumatology center in Turkey. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with JDM between the years 2003-2016 at the Pediatric Rheumatology Department Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty. A total of 50 patients (35 females), median age at the onset 6.1 ± 4.1 years, were identified. Mean follow-up period was 74.5 ± 49.7 months. Presenting clinical symptoms included heliotrope rash (100%), Gottron papule (96%), muscle weakness (90%), erythroderma (88%), and calcinosis (38%). All patients had elevated muscle enzymes at the disease onset. Sixty-eight percent of the patients had anti-nuclear antibody positivity. Electromyography on 27 patients and muscle biopsy on 14 patients were performed, and all of them showed signs of juvenile dermatomyositis. Early aggressive treatment with corticosteroids mostly in combination with methotrexate was used. Cyclosporine was added to 48% of the patients' treatment regimen in case of severe or refractory disease. All patients except two cases, who were referred to our clinic after long disease duration with widespread calcinosis, achieved remission. Early diagnosis and early initiation of intensive therapy are important in reducing JDM complications. International collaboration is needed in order to better understanding and management of the disease.

  4. Prior Experiences Shaping Family Science Conversations at a Nature Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClain, Lucy R.; Zimmerman, Heather Toomey

    2014-01-01

    Using families as the analytical focus, this study informs the field of informal science education with a focus on the role of prior experiences in family science conversations during nature walks at an outdoor-based nature center. Through video-based research, the team analyzed 16 families during walks at a nature center. Each family's prior…

  5. Prior Experiences Shaping Family Science Conversations at a Nature Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClain, Lucy R.; Zimmerman, Heather Toomey

    2014-01-01

    Using families as the analytical focus, this study informs the field of informal science education with a focus on the role of prior experiences in family science conversations during nature walks at an outdoor-based nature center. Through video-based research, the team analyzed 16 families during walks at a nature center. Each family's prior…

  6. Technology transfer needs and experiences: The NASA Research Center perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gross, Anthony R.

    1992-01-01

    Viewgraphs on technology transfer needs and experiences - the NASA Research Center perspective are provided. Topics covered include: functions of NASA, incentives and benefits, technology transfer mechanisms, economics of technology commercialization, examples, and conclusions.

  7. Johnson Space Center Flight Medicine Clinic Experience

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Landry, Trela

    2006-01-01

    Being a member of the Flight Medicine Clinic (FMC) Staff is a great experience. I joined the FMC staff 2 years ago when I became part of the Kelsey-Seybold team. The FMC staff consists of Flight Surgeons, Family Clinic Physician, Nursing staff, Wellness Coordinator and Support staff. We serve as the Primary Care Physicians for the astronauts and their families and provide annual physicals for the retired astronauts. We have approximately 800 patients in the FMC. As the Family Clinic Physician, I care for the astronaut spouses and children and provide annual physicals for the retired astronauts. Since we have a small patient population, we have the opportunity to spend increased personal time with our patients, which I enjoy. We have a pretty healthy patient population, who are very interested in their overall health and preventive care. In preparation for a shuttle launch, our nursing staff assists the flight surgeons with the astronaut physical exams, which occur 10 days prior to launch and again 3 days after their return. We also provide Primary Contact physicals for the families and guests, who will be in close contact with shuttle crew members. During these physicals, we provide education, emphasizing the importance of preventing the spread of communicable diseases to shuttle crew members. Being a part of the Space Medicine Program is an honor. To know that you contribute in some way to our nation s Space Program is very special. (This article was prepared by Dr. Trela Landry, M.D. for inclusion in a Kelsey-Seybold newsletter on 25 OCT 2006.)

  8. Nurturing Second Graders' Literacy and Language Development through Child-Centered versus Curriculum-Centered Experiences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esch, Gwendolyn C.

    A practicum was designed and implemented to foster 24 second graders' literacy and language development via child-centered as opposed to curriculum-centered experiences. The primary goal was to improve students' quality and quantity of writing by allowing extra time, much exposure to more and various non-basal literature, hands-on activities, and…

  9. New Counselors' Experiences of Community Health Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freadling, Amy H.; Foss-Kelly, Louisa L.

    2014-01-01

    This phenomenological study explored 6 new counselors' experiences working in community mental health centers and their experiences of the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs-accredited training received in preparation for such work. Three themes from the interviews were identified to provide implications…

  10. WIDE Research Center as an Incubator for Graduate Student Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Heather Noel; Nguyen, Minh-Tam; Keller, Beth; Sackey, Donnie Johnson; Ridolfo, Jim; Pigg, Stacey; Lauren, Benjamin; Potts, Liza; Hart-Davidson, Bill; Grabill, Jeff

    2017-01-01

    This article describes graduate mentorship experiences at the Writing, Information, and Digital Experience (WIDE) research center at Michigan State University and offers a stance on graduate student mentorship. It describes WIDE's mentorship model as feminist and inclusive and as a means to invite researchers with different backgrounds to engage…

  11. Multicenter prospective evaluation of the reliability of the combined use of two models to predict non-sentinel lymph node status in breast cancer patients with metastatic sentinel lymph nodes: the MSKCC nomogram and the Tenon score. Results of the NOTEGS study.

    PubMed

    Rouzier, Roman; Uzan, Catherine; Rousseau, Alexandra; Guillot, Eugénie; Zilberman, Sonia; Meyer, Charles; Estevez, Pablo; Dupre, Pierre-Francois; Kere, David; Doridot, Virginie; D'halluin, Gauthier; Fritel, Xavier; Pouget, Nicolas; Jankowski, Clémentine; Mazouni, Chafika; Simon, Tabassome; Coutant, Charles

    2017-04-25

    The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the combined use of The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center nomogram and Tenon score to select, in patients with metastatic sentinel lymph node (SN), those at low risk of metastatic non-SN for whom additional axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) could be avoided. From January 2011 to July 2012, a prospective non-interventional nationwide study was conducted (NCT01509963). We sought to identify the false reassurance rate (FRR, a negative test result is false) in patients with both a ⩽10% probability of metastatic non-SN with the MSKCC nomogram and a Tenon score ⩽3.5 (low risk): the proportion of patients with metastatic non-SN at additional ALND. Our hypothesis was that these patients would have a FRR⩽5%. Data on 2822 patients with breast cancer from 53 institutions were prospectively recorded. At least one SN was metastatic (isolated tumour cells, micro- or macrometastases) in 696 patients (24.7%). Among patients with ALND and complete data to calculate combined risk (n=504), 67 and 437 patients had low and high combined risk, respectively. Patients at low risk had less ALND (47%) compared to patients at high risk (P<0.001). This study did not meet its primary objective because the FRR in patients with low risk was 16.4% (11 out of 67) (95% confidence interval (CI): 9.7-23.1%). In the high-risk group, 33.9% (148 out of 437) (95% CI: 29.6-38.4%) had non-SN metastases (P=0.004). In this controlled prospective study, metastatic SN patients with both a ⩽10% probability of metastatic non-SN with the MSKCC nomogram and a Tenon score ⩽3.5 failed to identify patients at low risk of metastatic non-SN when completion ALND was not systematic.

  12. WORK EXPERIENCE CENTER, HABILITATION OF THE RETARDED. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BITTER, JAMES A.; O'NEIL, LAWRENCE P.

    THIS IS THE FINAL REPORT OF A 3-YEAR PROJECT CARRIED OUT COOPERATIVELY BY THE SPECIAL SCHOOL DISTRICT OF ST. LOUIS COUNTY, THE MISSOURI STATE DIVISION OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION, AND THE ST. LOUIS JEWISH EMPLOYMENT AND VOCATIONAL SERVICE. A WORK EXPERIENCE CENTER WAS ESTABLISHED TO SERVE CLIENTS BETWEEN 16 AND 21 YEARS WITH IQ'S PRIMARILY FROM…

  13. NASA Glenn Research Center Experience with "LENR Phenomenon"

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wrbanek, Susan Y.; Fralick, Gustave C.; Wrbanek, John D.; Niedra, Janis M.

    2012-01-01

    Since 1989 NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has performed some small-scale limited experiments that show evidence of effects claimed by some to be evidence of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR). The research at GRC has involved observations and work on measurement techniques for observing the temperature effects in reactions of isotopes of hydrogen with palladium hydrides. The various experiments performed involved loading Pd with gaseous H2 and D2, and exposing Pd thin films to multi-bubble sonoluminescence in regular and deuterated water. An overview of these experiments and their results will be presented.

  14. NASA Glenn Research Center Experience with LENR Phenomenon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wrbanek, Susan Y.; Fralick, Gustave C.; Wrbanek, John D.; Niedra, Janis M.

    2012-01-01

    Since 1989 NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has performed some small-scale limited experiments that show evidence of effects claimed by some to be evidence of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR). The research at GRC has involved observations and work on measurement techniques for observing the temperature effects in reactions of isotopes of hydrogen with palladium hydrides. The various experiments performed involved loading Pd with gaseous H2 and D2, and exposing Pd thin films to multi-bubble sonoluminescence in regular and deuterated water. An overview of these experiments and their results will be presented.

  15. Aggregate/community-centered undergraduate community health nursing clinical experience.

    PubMed

    Flick, L H; Reese, C; Harris, A

    1996-02-01

    Debate continues about the appropriateness of clinical experiences targeting aggregates in undergraduate community health nursing education. This paper describes a practical model to teach, through experience, the concepts of aggregate/community-centered practice at the baccalaureate level. As a voluntary alternative to the usual community assessment paper, groups of students worked in partnership with community groups to define health needs and to address one need. Sequential student groups focused the assessment and implemented a plan. The required time for each project varied. One project is described to illustrate the model. While independent community-centered practice is not expected of the B.S.N. graduate, the model described here develops comprehension of the concepts and process of such practice.

  16. [Training of pulmonologists in overseas centers: a resident's experience].

    PubMed

    Márquez-Martín, Eduardo; Quintana-Gallego, Esther; López-Campos, José Luis

    2010-01-01

    Training in pulmonology at overseas centers may require a considerable effort, and although such an experience could even imply a financial burden for the trainee, the benefits far outweigh the material costs. The desire for personal and scientific growth should encourage young pulmonologists and medical residents to rotate outside Spain and become acquainted with other health care systems, customs, dynamics, and resources in order to obtain quality training and added value that will further enrich our specialty. Any pulmonologist wishing to undergo specialized training at an overseas institution will necessarily consider questions such as the relevance of the stay and its objectives, timing, availability of centers, eligibility, and funding agencies. Based on one resident's personal experience, we attempt to answer several of these questions.

  17. Reaction Rate Measurements at the National Criticality Experiments Research Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bredeweg, T. A.; Bounds, J. A.; Brooks, G. H., Jr.; Favorite, J. A.; Goda, J. M.; Hayes, D. K.; Jackman, K. R.; Little, R. C.; Macinnes, M. R.; Myers, W. L.; Oldham, W. J.; Rundberg, R. S.; Sanchez, R. G.; Schake, A. R.; White, M. C.; Wilkerson, C. W., Jr.

    2014-09-01

    With the resumption of regular operations of the Los Alamos Critical Assemblies at the National Criticality Experiments Research Center (NCERC), located at the Nevada National Security Site, we have embarked upon a series of campaigns to restore the capability to perform integral reaction rate and fission product yield measurements using historical radiochemical methods. This talk will present an overview of the current and future experimental plans, including results from our experimental campaigns on the Comet/Zeus and Flattop assemblies.

  18. The Patient-Centered Medical Home and Patient Experience

    PubMed Central

    Martsolf, Grant R; Alexander, Jeffrey A; Shi, Yunfeng; Casalino, Lawrence P; Rittenhouse, Diane R; Scanlon, Dennis P; Shortell, Stephen M

    2012-01-01

    Objective To examine the relationship between practices' reported use of patient-centered medical home (PCMH) processes and patients' perceptions of their care experience. Data Source Primary survey data from 393 physician practices and 1,304 patients receiving care in those practices. Study Design This is an observational, cross-sectional study. Using standard ordinary least-squares and a sample selection model, we estimated the association between patients' care experience and the use of PCMH processes in the practices where they receive care. Data Collection We linked data from a nationally representative survey of individuals with chronic disease and two nationally representative surveys of physician practices. Principal Findings We found that practices' use of PCMH processes was not associated with patient experience after controlling for sample selection as well as practice and patient characteristics. Conclusions In our study, which was large, but somewhat limited in its measures of the PCMH and of patient experience, we found no association between PCMH processes and patient experience. The continued accumulation of evidence related to the possibilities of the PCMH, how PCMH is measured, and how the impact of PCMH is gauged provides important information for health care decision makers. PMID:22670806

  19. National Criticality Experiments Research Center: Capability and Status

    SciTech Connect

    Hayes, David K.; Myers, William L.

    2012-07-12

    After seven years, the former Los Alamos Critical Experiments Facility (LACEF), or Pajarito Site, has reopened for business as the National Criticality Experiments Research Center (NCERC) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Four critical assembly machines (Comet, Planet, Flat-Top, and Godiva-IV) made the journey from Los Alamos to the NNSS. All four machines received safety system upgrades along with new digital control systems. Between these machines, systems ranging from the thermal through the intermediate to the fast spectrum may be assembled. Steady-State, transient, and super-prompt critical conditions may be explored. NCERC is the sole remaining facility in the United States capable of conducting general-purpose nuclear materials handling including the construction and operation of high-multiplication assemblies, delayed critical assemblies, and prompt critical assemblies. Reconstitution of the unique capabilities at NCERC ensures the viability of (1) The Nuclear Renaissance, (2) Stockpile Stewardship, and (3) and the next generation of criticality experimentalists.

  20. Mars Pathfinder Rover-Lewis Research Center Technology Experiments Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stevenson, Steven M.

    1997-01-01

    An overview of NASA's Mars Pathfinder Program is given and the development and role of three technology experiments from NASA's Lewis Research Center and carried on the Mars Pathfinder rover is described. Two recent missions to Mars were developed and managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and launched late last year: Mars Global Surveyor in November 1996 and Mars Pathfinder in December 1996. Mars Global Surveyor is an orbiter which will survey the planet with a number of different instruments, and will arrive in September 1997, and Mars Pathfinder which consists of a lander and a small rover, landing on Mars July 4, 1997. These are the first two missions of the Mars Exploration Program consisting of a ten year series of small robotic martian probes to be launched every 26 months. The Pathfinder rover will perform a number of technology and operational experiments which will provide the engineering information necessary to design and operate more complex, scientifically oriented surface missions involving roving vehicles and other machinery operating in the martian environment. Because of its expertise in space power systems and technologies, space mechanisms and tribology, Lewis Research Center was asked by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which is heading the Mars Pathfinder Program, to contribute three experiments concerning the effects of the martian environment on surface solar power systems and the abrasive qualities of the Mars surface material. In addition, rover static charging was investigated and a static discharge system of several fine Tungsten points was developed and fixed to the rover. These experiments and current findings are described herein.

  1. Mars Pathfinder Rover-Lewis Research Center Technology Experiments Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevenson, Steven M.

    1997-07-01

    An overview of NASA's Mars Pathfinder Program is given and the development and role of three technology experiments from NASA's Lewis Research Center and carried on the Mars Pathfinder rover is described. Two recent missions to Mars were developed and managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and launched late last year: Mars Global Surveyor in November 1996 and Mars Pathfinder in December 1996. Mars Global Surveyor is an orbiter which will survey the planet with a number of different instruments, and will arrive in September 1997, and Mars Pathfinder which consists of a lander and a small rover, landing on Mars July 4, 1997. These are the first two missions of the Mars Exploration Program consisting of a ten year series of small robotic martian probes to be launched every 26 months. The Pathfinder rover will perform a number of technology and operational experiments which will provide the engineering information necessary to design and operate more complex, scientifically oriented surface missions involving roving vehicles and other machinery operating in the martian environment. Because of its expertise in space power systems and technologies, space mechanisms and tribology, Lewis Research Center was asked by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which is heading the Mars Pathfinder Program, to contribute three experiments concerning the effects of the martian environment on surface solar power systems and the abrasive qualities of the Mars surface material. In addition, rover static charging was investigated and a static discharge system of several fine Tungsten points was developed and fixed to the rover. These experiments and current findings are described herein.

  2. Pediatric Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis: Experience of a Tertiary Burn Center.

    PubMed

    Rizzo, Julie A; Johnson, Rebekah; Cartie, Richard J

    2015-01-01

    Pediatric toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare and potentially fatal skin disease with a multitude of causative factors and no consensus on treatment guidelines and, as a result, it has a variety of short- and long-term outcomes. We present the experience of a large specialty burn center to share our diagnostic and treatment principles. A retrospective review from 1989 to 2010 at the Joseph M. Still Burn Center was performed to find patients with a diagnosis of Steven-Johnson syndrome (SJS) or TEN. Information was obtained on demographic and physiologic parameters such as age, race, total body surface area involved, treatments, hospital stay, and need for ventilator support. We identified SJS or TEN in 21 patients. Prescription drugs were the most common etiology (in 15 patients), with antibiotics as the most common causative agent. Histology confirmed the clinical diagnosis of TEN in 14 patients. Our treatment plan included a multidisciplinary team, early initiation of intravenous immunoglobulin, bronchoscopy, strict management of electrolyte and fluid balances, and meticulous surgical wound care. Mortality was 9.5%. Our experience in treating this rare but devastating disease affords us the opportunity to share the diagnostic dilemmas we faced and the treatment principles we used to treat this unique patient population successfully. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia - a Belgrade single center experience.

    PubMed

    Kalanj, Jasna; Salevic, Petar; Rsovac, Snezana; Medjo, Biljana; Antunovic, Sanja Sindjic; Simic, Dusica

    2016-10-01

    Though the outcome for children with congenital diaphragmal hernia (CDH) is improving, management of seriously compromised respiratory and cardiovascular function remains a great challenge. The aim of this study was to review a tertiary center experience in treating children with CDH. Retrospective observational study from January 2005 to December 2014. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of University Children Hospital (UCH), Belgrade, Serbia. Children with CDH. The CDH was diagnosed prenatally in 23% patients. An overall survival rate was 62%. Among those patients who underwent surgical repair 29 (90%) survived. There was statistically significant difference in survival rate between operated patients and total examined population (P=0.020). Prenatally diagnosed neonates with CDH had significantly lower survival rate comparing to those who were postnatally diagnosed (20% vs. 75%; P=0.002). Fatal outcome was more frequent in patients with small birth weight comparing to those with normal birth weight (67% vs. 30%; P=0.046). Our center survival rate for CDH is in accordance with other reported studies. Based on our experience there are potential points for further improvement. First, further increase of prenatal detection, planning for delivery, and coordinated transfer to tertiary institution, in order to avoid transfer of near death patients. Second, preoperative management in the NICU. This could be done by more uniform implementation of current consensual guidelines in monitoring, mechanical ventilation and circulatory support of these delicate patients, together with rationale use of newer therapeutic resources.

  4. Risk stratification systems for surgically treated localized primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST). Review of literature and comparison of the three prognostic criteria: MSKCC Nomogramm, NIH-Fletcher and AFIP-Miettinen.

    PubMed

    Belfiori, Giulio; Sartelli, Massimo; Cardinali, Luca; Tranà, Cristian; Bracci, Raffaella; Gesuita, Rosaria; Marmorale, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    L’avvento dell’Imatinib mesilato (glivec) ha rivoluzionato la terapia dei GIST, apportando un aumento della sopravvivenza libera da malattia dopo resezione chirurgica completa di un GIST a localizzazione primitiva (RFS: Recurrence Free Survival). La definizione di un sistema prognostico accurato è fondamentale per decidere quali pazienti sottoporre a tale trattamento. In letteratura, esistono attualmente vari sistemi prognostici di riferimento in grado di predire la probabilità di recidiva, tra cui: NIH-FLETCHER, AFIP-MIETTINEN standard e modificato. A questi che sono i più diffusamente utilizzati, di recente si sono aggiunti altri metodi che utilizzano modelli matematici o no, come il Nomogramma del MSKCC, Nomogramma di Rossi ed il Joensuu high hotline Degjun. Nonostante tutti questi tentativi la storia naturale dei GIST rimane ancora non completamente nota e controversa e non è ancora possibile predire le recidive con una accuratezza assoluta. Lo scopo del nostro studio è stato quello di trovare quale sistema è più accurato e pratico per essere utilizzato nella nostra pratica clinica. Particolare attenzione è stata posta al Nomogamma del MSKCC, che è stato pertanto confrontato con i NIH-Fletcher ed AFIPMiettinen. Sono stati analizzati retrospettivamente i dati riguardanti 37 GIST operati presso il nostro istituto dal 2002 al 2012 e da questi sono stati selezionati 27 GIST a localizzazione primitiva, completamente resecati c non trattati con l’imatinib ne prima ne dopo l’intervento, sui quali è stato eseguito il confronto. Le conclusioni sono state che il nomogramma MSKCC è un metodo prognostico pratico, sicuro e valido, probabilmente più del NIH e AFIP e può essere utilizzato nella pratica clinica per predire il rischio di recidiva, specialmente nella pianificazione della strategia terapeutica, anche se non è un metodo ottimale per calcolare il tempo di sopravvivenza libera da recidiva. Il limite del Nomogramma del MSKCC sta nel valutare il

  5. Eligibility for renal denervation: experience at 11 European expert centers.

    PubMed

    Persu, Alexandre; Jin, Yu; Baelen, Marie; Vink, Eva; Verloop, Willemien L; Schmidt, Bernhard; Blicher, Marie K; Severino, Francesca; Wuerzner, Grégoire; Taylor, Alison; Pechère-Bertschi, Antoinette; Jokhaji, Fadi; Fadl Elmula, Fadl Elmula M; Rosa, Jan; Czarnecka, Danuta; Ehret, Georg; Kahan, Thomas; Renkin, Jean; Widimsky, Jiři; Jacobs, Lotte; Spiering, Wilko; Burnier, Michel; Mark, Patrick B; Menne, Jan; Olsen, Michael H; Blankestijn, Peter J; Kjeldsen, Sverre; Bots, Michiel L; Staessen, Jan A

    2014-06-01

    Based on the SYMPLICITY studies and CE (Conformité Européenne) certification, renal denervation is currently applied as a novel treatment of resistant hypertension in Europe. However, information on the proportion of patients with resistant hypertension qualifying for renal denervation after a thorough work-up and treatment adjustment remains scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the proportion of patients eligible for renal denervation and the reasons for noneligibility at 11 expert centers participating in the European Network COordinating Research on renal Denervation in treatment-resistant hypertension (ENCOReD). The analysis included 731 patients. Age averaged 61.6 years, office blood pressure at screening was 177/96 mm Hg, and the number of blood pressure-lowering drugs taken was 4.1. Specialists referred 75.6% of patients. The proportion of patients eligible for renal denervation according to the SYMPLICITY HTN-2 criteria and each center's criteria was 42.5% (95% confidence interval, 38.0%-47.0%) and 39.7% (36.2%-43.2%), respectively. The main reasons of noneligibility were normalization of blood pressure after treatment adjustment (46.9%), unsuitable renal arterial anatomy (17.0%), and previously undetected secondary causes of hypertension (11.1%). In conclusion, after careful screening and treatment adjustment at hypertension expert centers, only ≈40% of patients referred for renal denervation, mostly by specialists, were eligible for the procedure. The most frequent cause of ineligibility (approximately half of cases) was blood pressure normalization after treatment adjustment by a hypertension specialist. Our findings highlight that hypertension centers with a record in clinical experience and research should remain the gatekeepers before renal denervation is considered.

  6. Advanced Life Support Project: Crop Experiments at Kennedy Space Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sager, John C.; Stutte, Gary W.; Wheeler, Raymond M.; Yorio, Neil

    2004-01-01

    Crop production systems provide bioregenerative technologies to complement human crew life support requirements on long duration space missions. Kennedy Space Center has lead NASA's research on crop production systems that produce high value fresh foods, provide atmospheric regeneration, and perform water processing. As the emphasis on early missions to Mars has developed, our research focused on modular, scalable systems for transit missions, which can be developed into larger autonomous, bioregenerative systems for subsequent surface missions. Components of these scalable systems will include development of efficient light generating or collecting technologies, low mass plant growth chambers, and capability to operate in the high energy background radiation and reduced atmospheric pressures of space. These systems will be integrated with air, water, and thermal subsystems in an operational system. Extensive crop testing has been done for both staple and salad crops, but limited data is available on specific cultivar selection and breadboard testing to meet nominal Mars mission profiles of a 500-600 day surface mission. The recent research emphasis at Kennedy Space Center has shifted from staple crops, such as wheat, soybean and rice, toward short cycle salad crops such as lettuce, onion, radish, tomato, pepper, and strawberry. This paper will review the results of crop experiments to support the Exploration Initiative and the ongoing development of supporting technologies, and give an overview of capabilities of the newly opened Space Life Science (SLS) Lab at Kennedy Space Center. The 9662 square m (104,000 square ft) SLS Lab was built by the State of Florida and supports all NASA research that had been performed in Hanger-L. In addition to NASA research, the SLS Lab houses the Florida Space Research Institute (FSRI), responsible for co-managing the facility, and the University of Florida (UF) has established the Space Agriculture and Biotechnology Research and

  7. Management of Cushing's disease: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Solak, Mirsala; Kraljevic, Ivana; Dusek, Tina; Melada, Ante; Kavanagh, Marcel Marjanovic; Peterkovic, Vjerislav; Ozretic, David; Kastelan, Darko

    2016-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to review therapeutic outcomes and comorbidities of patients with Cushing's disease (CD) in a single center. We conducted a retrospective study of 33 patients with CD undergoing transsphenoidal surgery from January 2007 to February 2014 (27 females and 6 males, median age 38 years, range 18-71 years). The diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome was established on the basis of the patient's history, characteristic clinical features, and laboratory data including an elevated 24-h urinary free cortisol level, lack of serum cortisol suppression after dexamethasone suppression tests and an elevated midnight cortisol level. In 28/33 patients, the tumor was visualized on MR of the sellar region, while in 5 it was diagnosed using an inferior petrosal sinus sampling. Out of the 33 patients, 10 had macroadenoma and the remaining 23 had microadenoma. Twenty-one patients (63.6%) had hypertension, 17 (51.5%) dyslipidemia, and 7 (21.2%) had type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. The median follow-up period was 28 months. Remission after transsphenoidal surgery was achieved in 78.8% of patients, while 7 patients failed to achieve disease remission. Those patients were treated with second-line treatment modalities (second operation, radiotherapy, bilateral adrenalectomy, and/or ketoconazole). One patient rejected all the treatment modalities after surgery. Cumulative remission after all the treatment modalities was achieved in 87.9% patients. Patients with Cushing's disease should be managed in centers with much experience due to high patient load. In our Center, the remission of the disease has been achieved in 78.8% of the patients following transsphenoidal surgery. Multimodal treatment which included radiotherapy and medical treatment led to biochemical remission of the disease in 87.9% of patients.

  8. Joint Langley Research Center/Jet Propulsion Laboratory CSI experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neat, Gregory W.; O'Brien, John F.; Lurie, Boris J.; Garnica, Angel; Belvin, W. K.; Sulla, Jeff; Won, John

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes a joint Control Structure Interaction (CSI) experiment in which Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) damping devices were incorporated into the Langley Research Center (LaRC) Phase 0 Testbed. The goals of the effort were twofold: (1) test the effectiveness of the JPL structural damping methods in a new structure and (2) assess the feasibility of combining JPL local control methods with the LaRC multiple input multiple output global control methods. Six dampers (2 piezoelectric active members, 4 viscous dampers), placed in three different regions of the structure, produced up to 26 dB attenuation in target modes. The combined control strategy in which the JPL damping methods contributed local control action and the LaRC control scheme provided global control action, produced and overall control scheme with increased stability margins and improved performance. This paper presents an overview of the technologies contributed from the two centers, the strategies used to combine them, and results demonstrating the success of the damping and cooperative control efforts.

  9. Day Center experience in rehabilitation of craniocerebral injured patients.

    PubMed

    Stern, J M; Groswasser, Z; Alis, R; Geva, N; Hochberg, J; Stern, B; Yardeni, Y

    1985-01-01

    The Day Center for head-injured patients specialises in treating patients at later stages following brain trauma. The goal of therapy is social reintegration as measured by the quality of family and social life and by actual occupational status. At this later stage, a year or more since injury, the cognitive and behavioral aspects of brain damage determine the outcome of rehabilitation. The therapy aims at preserving as well as improving patients' overall performance including family life and therefore their families are treated as well. As the patients are not hospitalised at this stage, the asset of this model is that it constitutes an arresting factor in preventing regressive attitudes acquired during hospitalisation which is a sheltered framework. The Day Center System encourages the patients to cope "in vivo" with reality, while the therapy given strives at providing them with the instruments needed for coping in actual life situations. We present here our experience in 38 patients admitted consecutively during the course of a year. The results show that the therapeutic milieu was of great help in preserving as well as improvement patients' performance; furthermore, it is evident that some improvement was achieved even after several years post trauma.

  10. CCSDS telemetry systems experience at the Goddard Space Flight Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carper, Richard D.; Stallings, William H., III

    1990-09-01

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) designs, builds, manages, and operates science and applications spacecraft in near-earth orbit, and provides data capture, data processing, and flight control services for these spacecraft. In addition, GSFC has the responsibility of providing space-ground and ground-ground communications for near-earth orbiting spacecraft, including those of the manned spaceflight programs. The goal of reducing both the developmental and operating costs of the end-to-end information system has led the GSFC to support and participate in the standardization activities of the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS), including those for packet telemetry. The environment in which such systems function is described, and the GSFC experience with CCSDS packet telemetry in the context of the Gamma-Ray Observatory project is discussed.

  11. Ivacaftor Therapy in CF Patients: Single Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Mondal, Pritish; Loyson, Amber; Lascano, Jorge; Hegde, Satyanarayan

    2014-01-01

    Ivacaftor is the first novel cystic fibrosis pharmaceutical that acts at the molecular level to potentiate cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) function and was first approved for clinical use in 2012. We are sharing our single center experience of five patients: four from pediatric age group and one adult patient. All patients had both subjective and objective improvements in their health. Despite established lung disease, our patients had significant improvement in both their FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) and FEF25-75 and BMI (body mass index). Larger studies demonstrated only 6.7% improvement in mean FEV1 after starting Ivacaftor therapy but their patient population had normal lung function to begin with. In contrast our case series demonstrates that, in patients with established lung disease and diminished lung function, Ivacaftor can be expected to result in much higher recovery in lung function. Mean FEV1 improved by 35% in our case series. Ivacaftor is extremely expensive, costing $300,000 per patient per year requiring lifelong therapy, hence requiring prior authorizations from most third-party payers in the USA. The knowledge shared from our experience will be useful for other clinicians to petition healthcare policymakers on behalf of their patients.

  12. [Merkel cell carcinoma experience in a reference medical center.

    PubMed

    Roesch-Dietlen, Federico; Devezé-Bocardi, Raúl; Ruiz-Juárez, Isabel; Grube-Pagola, Peter; Romero-Sierra, Graciela; Remes-Troche, José María; Silva-Cañetas, Carmen Sofía; Lozoya-López Escalera, Hilda

    2013-01-01

    Background: Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare tumor that occurs on areas exposed to ultraviolet light. It is usually asymptomatic and it is diagnosed late often. The treatment is surgical, associated with adjuvant radiotherapy. The objective was to present the experience in the management of Merkel cell carcinoma in a reference medical center. Methods: all patients with Merkel cell carcinoma treated at the Instituto de Investigaciones Médico-Biológicas of the Universidad Veracruzana during the period 2008 to 2011 were studied. Sex, age, evolution time, tumor localization, size, metastases and treatment were analyzed. Results: of 3217 patients treated, three cases were Merkel cell carcinoma (0.09 %), their age was 52.1 ± 14.17, male predominance of 66.67 %; the evolution time was of 29.66 ± 35.36 months; the tumour localization was on inguinal region, anterior chest and left arm; the noodle size was of 6.0 ± 5.19 cm; two patients had lymph node metastases. In two cases, resection and lymphadenectomy were performed. They all received radiation therapy and chemotherapy in one case. Histologically the medium variant predominated; immunohistochemistry was positive in the three cases. One patient died ten months after the study was done. Conclusions: our experience is similar with others authors, Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare tumor, usually diagnosed late, and it has poor survival.

  13. Community Health Center Use After Oregon's Randomized Medicaid Experiment.

    PubMed

    DeVoe, Jennifer E; Marino, Miguel; Gold, Rachel; Hoopes, Megan J; Cowburn, Stuart; O'Malley, Jean P; Heintzman, John; Gallia, Charles; McConnell, K John; Nelson, Christine A; Huguet, Nathalie; Bailey, Steffani R

    2015-01-01

    There is debate about whether community health centers (CHCs) will experience increased demand from patients gaining coverage through Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansions. To better understand the effect of new Medicaid coverage on CHC use over time, we studied Oregon's 2008 randomized Medicaid expansion (the "Oregon Experiment"). We probabilistically matched demographic data from adults (aged 19-64 years) participating in the Oregon Experiment to electronic health record data from 108 Oregon CHCs within the OCHIN community health information network (originally the Oregon Community Health Information Network) (N = 34,849). We performed intent-to-treat analyses using zero-inflated Poisson regression models to compare 36-month (2008-2011) usage rates among those selected to apply for Medicaid vs not selected, and instrumental variable analyses to estimate the effect of gaining Medicaid coverage on use. Use outcomes included primary care visits, behavioral/mental health visits, laboratory tests, referrals, immunizations, and imaging. The intent-to-treat analyses revealed statistically significant differences in rates of behavioral/mental health visits, referrals, and imaging between patients randomly selected to apply for Medicaid vs those not selected. In instrumental variable analyses, gaining Medicaid coverage significantly increased the rate of primary care visits, laboratory tests, referrals, and imaging; rate ratios ranged from 1.27 (95% CI, 1.05-1.55) for laboratory tests to 1.58 (95% CI, 1.10-2.28) for referrals. Our results suggest that use of many different types of CHC services will increase as patients gain Medicaid through Affordable Care Act expansions. To maximize access to critical health services, it will be important to ensure that the health care system can support increasing demands by providing more resources to CHCs and other primary care settings. © 2015 Annals of Family Medicine, Inc.

  14. Establishing an Adult Epilepsy Diet Center: Experience, efficacy and challenges.

    PubMed

    Cervenka, Mackenzie C; Henry, Bobbie J; Felton, Elizabeth A; Patton, Katlyn; Kossoff, Eric H

    2016-05-01

    Over 250 medical centers worldwide offer ketogenic diets to children with epilepsy; however, access to these therapies has been extremely limited for adults until recent years. We examine our 5-year experience creating and implementing a dedicated Adult Epilepsy Diet Center designed to provide adults with epilepsy access to ketogenic diets. Outpatients seen at the Johns Hopkins Adult Epilepsy Diet Center from August 2010 thru September 2015 age 18years and older were enrolled in a prospective open-label observational study. Patients that also enrolled in ongoing clinical diet trials were excluded from this study. Participant demographics, diet type, urine and/or serum ketones, laboratory studies, seizure frequency, diet duration, reason for discontinuing diet therapy, and side effects were recorded. A subgroup analysis of participants that met International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) criteria for drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) and were treated de novo with a Modified Atkins Diet (MAD) was performed to compare outcomes with the current literature regarding efficacy of other antiseizure treatments for DRE. Two hundred and twenty-nine adults attended the Adult Epilepsy Diet Center, and 168 met inclusion criteria. Two-thirds (n=113, 67%) were women with an age range of 18-86years at the initial visit. Thirty-five participants (21%, n=133) were already on a therapeutic diet while 79% (n=133) were naïve to diet therapy at the time of the initial visit. Diet-naïve participants were typically prescribed MAD (n=130, 98%), unless unable to intake adequate oral nutrition, in which case they were prescribed KD (n=1) or a combination of oral MAD and ketogenic formula (n=2). Twenty-nine of 130 (22%) participants prescribed MAD elected not to start or were lost to follow-up, and 101 (78%) began MAD. A subgroup analysis was performed on one hundred and six participants naïve to diet therapy that met International League Against Epilepsy criteria for DRE, were able to

  15. [Minimally Invasive Surgery in Pediatric Oncology. Tertiary center experience].

    PubMed

    Gómez-Chacón Villalba, J; Rodríguez Caraballo, L; Marco Macián, A; Segarra Llido, V; Vila Carbó, J J

    2015-07-20

    To describe our experience using Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) techniques in tertiary center with specific oncological pediatric surgery unit. Retrospective review of patients undergoing MIS techniques in pediatric oncology surgery unit between January 2011 and December 2014. MIS procedures were considered made by both techniques such as laparoscopy and thoracoscopy with both diagnostic and therapeutic intent. 4 procedures were diagnostic and the rest were therapeutic: During the study, 56 procedures were performed by MIS. By type of technique, 13 were thoracoscopic (7 metastasectomies, 6 thoracic masses) and 43 laparoscopic (3 hepatic masses, 3 pancreatic masses 7 abdominal masses, 2 ovarian masses, 2 typhlitis 1 splenic mass and 25 oophorectomy for ovarian cryopreservation). In 5 cases (2 thoracic masses 1 pancreatic mass abdominal masses) conversion to open surgery to complete the procedure (2 for caution in the absence of vascular control bleeding 1 and 2 for lack of space) was necessary. In all cases safety principles of oncological surgery were respected. Providing an adecuate selection of patiens, MIS techniques are safe, reproducible and fulfill the objectives of quality of cancer surgery.

  16. Endovascular Treatment of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Jae-Sang; Oh, Hyuk-Jin; Shim, Jai-Joon; Bae, Hack-Gun; Lee, Kyeong-Seok

    2016-01-01

    Objective Treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) remains a challenge. However, after introduction of Onyx, transarterial approach is the preferred treatment option in many centers. We report our experience of dAVFs embolization with special emphasis on transarterial approach. Methods Seventeen embolization procedures were performed in 13 patients with dAVFs between Jan 2009 and Oct 2014. Clinical symptoms, location and type of fistulas, embolization methods, complications, radiological and clinical outcomes were evaluated using charts and PACS images. Results All 13 patients had symptomatic lesions. The locations of fistulas were transverse-sigmoid sinus in 6, middle fossa dura in 4, cavernous sinus in 2, and superior sagittal sinus in 1 patient. Cognard types were as follows : I in 4, IIa in 2, IIa+IIb in 5, and IV in 2. Embolization procedures were performed ≥2 times in 3 patients. Nine patients were treated with transarterial Onyx embolization alone. One of these required direct surgical puncture of middle meningeal artery. Complete obliteration of fistulas was achieved in 11/13 (85%) patients. There were no complications except for 1 case of Onyx migration in cavernous dAVF. Modified Rankin scale score at post-operative 3 months were 0 in 11, and 3 in 2 patients. Conclusion Transarterial Onyx embolization can be a first line therapeutic option in patients with dAVFs. However, transvenous approach should be tried first in cavernous sinus dAVF because of the risk of intracranial migration of liquid embolic materials. Furthermore, combined surgical endovascular approach can be considered as a useful option in inaccessible route. PMID:26885282

  17. Newborn screening for galactosemia: a 30-year single center experience.

    PubMed

    Porta, Francesco; Pagliardini, Severo; Pagliardini, Veronica; Ponzone, Alberto; Spada, Marco

    2015-05-01

    Galactosemia due to complete or near-complete galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficiency was the first disorder added to the pioneering newborn screening panel besides phenylketonuria. In the last 50 years, many criticisms have been focused on the opportunity of its inclusion. Consequently, long-term single center experiences with this issue are generally lacking. We reviewed the outcome of newborn screening for hypergalactosemia performed at our department since 1982 and the correspondent long-term clinical outcome. Among 1 123 909 newborns screened for hypergalactosemia, 33 showed abnormal results confirmed at second tier test. Thirteen patients were affected with classic galactosemia, 8 partial GALT deficiency, 3 severe galactokinase deficiency, 7 transient galactosemia, one congenital porto-systemic shunt, and one glucose transporter 2 deficiency. Acute neonatal liver failure in the late first week of life (5.8±1.1 days) unavoidably complicated the clinical course of classic galactosemia, unless in three second-born siblings treated on the basis of presumptive diagnosis immediately after newborn screening sample collection on day 3. Despite early treatment and long-term steadily normal peripheral blood galactose, 77% of patients with severe GALT deficiency present mild to severe intellectual disabilities. All patients with partial GALT deficiency showed normal intellectual development on a regular diet, as well as patients with galactokinase deficiency under treatment. Availability of screening results within the fifth day after birth would allow the prevention of acute decompensation in classic galactosemia. A systematic diagnostic work-up in all positive newborns is essential to unravel the etiology of hypergalactosemia.

  18. Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement: 12-year single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Solinas, Marco; Farneti, Pier Andrea; Cerillo, Alfredo Giuseppe; Kallushi, Enkel; Santarelli, Filippo; Glauber, Mattia

    2015-01-01

    Background This study reports the single center experience on minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR), performed through a right anterior minithoracotomy or ministernotomy (MS). Methods Eight hundred and fifty-three patients, who underwent MIAVR from 2002 to 2014, were retrospectively analyzed. Survival was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The Cox multivariable proportional hazards regression model was developed to identify independent predictors of follow-up mortality. Results Median age was 73.8, and 405 (47.5%) of patients were female. The overall 30-day mortality was 1.9%. Four hundred and forty-three (51.9%) and 368 (43.1%) patients received biological and sutureless prostheses, respectively. Median cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamping time were 108 and 75 minutes, respectively. Nineteen (2.2%) cases required conversion to full median sternotomy. Thirty-seven (4.3%) patients required re-exploration for bleeding. Perioperative stroke occurred in 15 (1.8%) patients, while transient ischemic attack occurred postoperative in 11 (1.3%). New onset atrial fibrillation was reported for 243 (28.5%) patients. After a median follow-up of 29.1 months (2,676.0 patient-years), survival rates at 1 and 5 years were 96%±1% and 80%±3%, respectively. Cox multivariable analysis showed that advanced age, history of cardiac arrhythmia, preoperative chronic renal failure, MS approach, prolonged mechanical ventilation and hospital stay as well as wound revision were associated with higher mortality. Conclusions MIAVR via both approaches is safe and feasible with excellent outcomes, and is associated with low conversion rate and low perioperative morbidity. Long term survival is at least comparable to that reported for conventional sternotomy AVR. PMID:25870812

  19. An Exploration of Hispanic Mothers' Culturally Sustaining Experiences at an Informal Science Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiland, Ingrid

    2015-01-01

    Science education reform focuses on learner-centered instruction within contexts that support learners' sociocultural experiences. The purpose of this study was to explore Hispanic mothers' experiences as accompanying adults at an informal science center within the context of culturally sustaining experiences, which include the fluidity…

  20. Sports hernias: experience in a sports medicine center.

    PubMed

    Santilli, O L; Nardelli, N; Santilli, H A; Tripoloni, D E

    2016-02-01

    Chronic pain of the inguino-crural region or "pubalgia" explains the 0.5-6.2% of the consultations by athletes. Recently, areas of weakness in the posterior wall called "sports hernias," have been identified in some of these patients, capable of producing long-standing pain. Several authors use different image methods (CT, MRI, ultrasound) to identify the lesion and various techniques of repair, by open or laparoscopic approaches, have been proposed but there is no evidence about the superiority of one over others due to the difficulty for randomizing these patients. In our experience, diagnosis was based on clinical and ultrasound findings followed by laparoscopic exploration to confirm and repair the injury. The present study aims to assess the performance of our diagnostic and therapeutic management in a series of athletes affected by "pubalgia". 1450 athletes coming from the orthopedic office of a sport medicine center were evaluated. In 590 of them (414 amateur and 176 professionals) sports hernias were diagnosed through physical examination and ultrasound. We performed laparoscopic "TAPP" repair and, thirty days after, an assessment was performed to determine the evolution of pain and the degree of physical activity as a sign of the functional outcome. We used the U Mann-Whitney test for continuous scale variables and the chi-square test for dichotomous variables with p < 0.05 as a level of significance. In 573 patients ultrasound examination detected some protrusion of the posterior wall with normal or minimally dilated inguinal rings, which in 498 of them coincided with areas affected by pain. These findings were confirmed by laparoscopic exploration that also diagnosed associated contralateral (30.1%) and ipsilateral defects, resulting in a total of 1006 hernias. We found 84 "sport hernias" in 769 patients with previous diagnosis of adductor muscle strain (10.92%); on the other hand, in 127 (21.52%) of our patients with "sport hernias" US detected

  1. Vocabulary and Experiences to Develop a Center of Mass Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaar, Taylor; Pollack, Linda B.; Lerner, Michael E.; Engels, Robert J.

    2017-10-01

    The use of systems in many introductory courses is limited and often implicit. Modeling two or more objects as a system and tracking the center of mass of that system is usually not included. Thinking in terms of the center of mass facilitates problem solving while exposing the importance of using conservation laws. We present below three laboratory activities that build this systems thinking for introductory physics students.

  2. Central pancreatectomy: single-center experience of 50 cases.

    PubMed

    Adham, Mustapha; Giunippero, Alejandro; Hervieu, Valerie; Courbière, Marion; Partensky, Christian

    2008-02-01

    Central pancreatectomy is a nonstandard operation for unusual lesions. This study reports a single-center experience of central pancreatectomy. Thirty-eight women and 12 men with a mean age of 49.4 years (range, 13.4-79.2 years) underwent central pancreatectomy from January 1987 to October 2005. Indications included 18 neuroendocrine tumors (11 nonfunctioning), 10 serous and 10 mucinous cystadenomas, 5 intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, 3 main pancreatic duct strictures, 2 solid cystic papillary tumors, 1 hydatid cyst, and 1 acinar cell carcinoma. The proximal pancreatic remnant was suture ligated. The distal pancreatic end was anastomosed to a Roux-en-Y jejunal loop (n = 6) or to the stomach (n = 44). Three patients had associated procedures, 1 each for metastatic liver cytoreduction (VIPoma), hydatid liver disease, and pancreatic resection for multifocal mucinous cystadenoma. The median operative time was 3 hours 21 minutes (range, 1 hour 50 minutes to 6 hours). The mean length of the resected pancreas was 45 mm (range, 20-80 mm) and the mean tumor size was 23 mm (5-60 mm). The perioperative mortality was nil. Complications included the following: 4 patients (8%) had pancreatic anastomotic leak, 5 patients (10%) had acute pancreatitis, 7 patients (14%) had intra-abdominal collection, and 3 patients (6%) had bleeding. Six patients (12%) required a reoperation during the postoperative period. Eight patients (16%) required endoscopic (1 with biliary endoscopic stent) or radiological (7 with percutaneous drainage) intervention. No patients developed de novo diabetes. On long-term follow-up, 2 patients with invasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasia had recurrence; one was treated successfully by completion pancreatectomy and the other died at 20 months. One patient with serous cystadenoma died at 16.8 years without recurrence. One patient with metastatic VIPoma had a liver transplant 9 years postoperatively and is alive. The median follow-up was 55

  3. User-Centered Design in Practice: The Brown University Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordac, Sarah; Rainwater, Jean

    2008-01-01

    This article presents a case study in user-centered design that explores the needs and preferences of undergraduate users. An analysis of LibQual+ and other user surveys, interviews with public service staff, and a formal American with Disabilities Act accessibility review served as the basis for planning a redesign of the Brown University…

  4. Lifelong Learning Center: An Experiment in Counseling Succeeds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milner, Arthur

    1979-01-01

    Describes the evolution and program of Philadelphia's Lifelong Learning Center, which stresses helping individuals to overcome problems of unemployment due to job obsolescence, mid-life career change, women returning to the job market, and career education and planning. Both workshops and individual interviews are used in working with clients.…

  5. User-Centered Design in Practice: The Brown University Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordac, Sarah; Rainwater, Jean

    2008-01-01

    This article presents a case study in user-centered design that explores the needs and preferences of undergraduate users. An analysis of LibQual+ and other user surveys, interviews with public service staff, and a formal American with Disabilities Act accessibility review served as the basis for planning a redesign of the Brown University…

  6. The Amistad Research Center: Documenting the African American Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chepesiuk, Ron

    1993-01-01

    Describes the Amistad Research Center housed at Tulane University which is a repository of primary documents on African-American history. Topics addressed include the development and growth of the collection; inclusion of the American Missionary Association archives; sources of support; civil rights; and collecting for the future. (LRW)

  7. Developing a clinical hypermedia corpus: experiences from the use of a practice-centered method.

    PubMed Central

    Timpka, T.; Nyce, J. M.; Sjöberg, C.; Hedblom, P.; Lindblom, P.

    1992-01-01

    This paper outlines a practice-centered method for creation of a hypermedia corpus. It also describes experiences with creating such a corpus of information to support interprofessional work at a Primary Healthcare Center. From these experiences, a number of basic issues regarding information systems development within medical informatics will be discussed. PMID:1482924

  8. Managing information technology in academic medical centers: a "multicultural" experience.

    PubMed

    Friedman, C P; Corn, M; Krumrey, A J; Perry, D R; Stevens, R H

    1998-09-01

    Based on a session at the 1997 conference on Information Resources and Academic Medicine sponsored by the Association of American Medical Colleges, this article illustrates how the beliefs and concerns of academic medicine's diverse professional cultures affect the management of information technology. Two scenarios--one dealing with the standardization of desktop PCs, the other with publication of syllabi on an institutional intranet--form the basis of this exercise. Four prototypical members of a hypothetical medical center community--the chairman of surgery, a senior basic scientist, the chief information officer of an affiliated hospital, and the chief administrative officer--offer their perspectives on each scenario. Their statements illustrate many of the challenges of planning, deploying, and maintaining effective information technology in the "multicultural" environment of academic medical centers.

  9. Early experiences with big data at an academic medical center.

    PubMed

    Halamka, John D

    2014-07-01

    Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), an academic health care institution affiliated with Harvard University, has been an early adopter of electronic applications since the 1970s. Various departments of the medical center and the physician practice groups affiliated with it have implemented electronic health records, filmless imaging, and networked medical devices to such an extent that data storage at BIDMC now amounts to three petabytes and continues to grow at a rate of 25 percent a year. Initially, the greatest technical challenge was the cost and complexity of data storage. However, today the major focus is on transforming raw data into information, knowledge, and wisdom. This article discusses the data growth, increasing importance of analytics, and changing user requirements that have shaped the management of big data at BIDMC. Project HOPE—The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc.

  10. [Quality assurance at a health center: 2 years' experience].

    PubMed

    Marquet, R; Davins, J; Casas, J; Fernández, R M

    1991-11-01

    In the Primary Care field there is very little experience of organizing a quality control programme that covers all aspects of care. In our centre, at the beginning of 1989, a Quality Control Commission (QCC) was formed with the aim of establishing and coordinating these activities. We describe our two year experience in this report, with special emphasis on the programme's organizational side and the methodological difficulties we encountered while introducing the programme.

  11. Clinical spectrum of hypopituitarism in India: A single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Gundgurthi, Abhay; Garg, M. K.; Bhardwaj, Reena; Brar, Karninder S.; Kharb, Sandeep; Pandit, Aditi

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: There is paucity of information regarding clinical profile of hypopituitarism from India. We report the clinical profile of hypopituitarism from a tertiary center in North India. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in patients attending our endocrine center between January 2010 and December 2011. All new patients were studied prospectively and those registered before January 2010 retrospectively. Relevant clinical, hormonal, and imaging data were collected. Dynamic testing for pituitary functions was carried out as necessary. Hormonal deficiencies were defined as per prevailing recommendations. Results: This study included 113 subjects. The mean age was 38.6 ± 17.8 years (range, 4 – 76 years). There were 78 (69%) males and 35 females (31%). There were 22 subjects aged ≤18 years (childhood and adolescence) and 91 adults (>18 years). Visual disturbances were the most common presenting complaint (33%), though headache was the most common symptom (81%). Fifteen percent presented with pituitary apoplexy. Tumors comprised of 84% of cases. Hypogonadism (97%) was the most common abnormality seen followed by hypothyroidism (83.2%), hypoadrenalism (79.6%), growth hormone deficiency (88.1% of the 42 patients tested), and diabetes insipidus (13.3%). Panhypopituitarism was seen in 104 (92%) patients. There were no cases of hypopituitarism secondary to traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, central nervous system infections, or cranial irradiation to extrasellar tumors. Conclusion: The most common cause of hypopituitarism at tertiary care center is pituitary tumors and the commonest presenting complaint is visual symptoms. Panhypopituitarism is present in 92% cases. PMID:23087868

  12. Profile of the breast center: one year's experience.

    PubMed

    Miller, A P; Wilson, A T; Henry, S; Coffman, C A; Guy, J F

    1988-01-01

    The Grant Regional Breast Center (GRBC) has proven to be an effective means to offer radiologic breast exam. Not only has the service been very well received by patients but it has also shown a profit for the institution. The numbers are too small to show that there has been an increase in early screening. The numbers do suggest, however, that there has been an increased access to screening. Hopefully, this increased access and awareness will lead to increased early detection and increased long-term survival.

  13. [Capillaroscopy in rheumatological practice--one center experience].

    PubMed

    Baresić, Marko; Anić, Branimir

    2014-01-01

    Capillaroscopy is a method for evaluating morphological characteristics of nailfold capillaries. The simplicity, noninvasiveness and easiness-to-perform make the method accessible in everyday rheumatological practice. Raynaud's phenomenon is the main indication for performing capillaroscopy (differentiating between primary and secondary Raynaud's phenomenon) and diagnosing early stages of systemic sclerosis. According to some authors capillaroscopy should be included in the work-up algorithm for patients with puffy fingers and Raynaud's phenomenon. Other autoimmune conditions (systemic lupus erythematosus, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, mixed connective tissue disease, antiphospholipid syndrome and other diseases which affect microvasculature - diabetes mellitus, thromboangiitis obliterans) can have some abnormalities of the capillaroscopic pattern. We present the results of the capillaroscopies performed in our center during the period of one year.

  14. Common injuries in athletes' knee: experience of a specialized center

    PubMed Central

    Nicolini, Alexandre Pedro; de Carvalho, Rogério Teixeira; Matsuda, Marcelo Mitsuro; Sayum, Jorge; Cohen, Moisés

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The present cross-sectional study aims to identify the most common knee injuries in athletes cared at a Specialized Outpatient Clinics. METHOD: Analysis of patients cared at the Knee Outpatient Clinics of a Sports Trauma Center, divided by gender, age and diagnosed injury. RESULTS: Initially 440 patients were divided into 33 types of sports; after excluding the less statistically significant practices, nine sports remained. The most frequently performed sports were football with almost 50% of total patients presenting anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, and road runs with great frequency of meniscal injury. There was no correlation of the disorder with the type of sports performed but a correlation was found with patient's age/gender. CONCLUSION: The complete ACL rupture was the most common injury found in football, basketball and volleyball players, followed by meniscal injury in street runners. Level of Evidence IV, Study Transversal. PMID:25061417

  15. Liver resection for metastatic colorectal leiomyosarcoma: a single center experience

    PubMed Central

    El-Kehdy, Jessica; Nounou, Ghina El; Deeba, Samer; Fakih, Hawraa; Jabbour, Mark; Haydar, Ali; El Naaj, Abdallah Abou; Abou-Alfa, Ghassan K.; O’Reilly, Eileen M.; Shamseddine, Ali; Khalife, Mohamad; Mukherji, Deborah

    2015-01-01

    Background Leiomyosarcoma arising in the colorectum is a rare malignancy of the smooth muscles accounting for less than 1% of gastrointestinal tumors. Surgery remains the most accepted modality for the treatment of this entity however management of liver metastases remains controversial. Methods & results From 1998 to 2009, five patients diagnosed with primary leiomyosarcoma of colorectal origin with metastatic liver disease, underwent liver resections at the American University of Beirut Medical Center. The median overall survival was 47 months (range, 7-135 months). Conclusions Leiomyosarcoma of colorectal origin with liver metastasis is a very rare entity. Long-term survival can be achieved after surgical resection and should be considered for all patients. PMID:26487954

  16. Docker experience at INFN-Pisa Grid Data Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazzoni, E.; Arezzini, S.; Boccali, T.; Ciampa, A.; Coscetti, S.; Bonacorsi, D.

    2015-12-01

    Clouds and virtualization offer typical answers to the needs of large-scale computing centers to satisfy diverse sets of user communities in terms of architecture, OS, etc. On the other hand, solutions like Docker seems to emerge as a way to rely on Linux kernel capabilities to package only the applications and the development environment needed by the users, thus solving several resource management issues related to cloud-like solutions. In this paper, we present an exploratory (though well advanced) test done at a major Italian Tier2, at INFN-Pisa, where a considerable fraction of the resources and services has been moved to Docker. The results obtained are definitely encouraging, and Pisa is transitioning all of its Worker Nodes and services to Docker containers. Work is currently being expanded into the preparation of suitable images for a completely virtualized Tier2, with no dependency on local configurations.

  17. OCIS: 15 years' experience with patient-centered computing.

    PubMed

    Enterline, J P; Lenhard, R E; Blum, B I; Majidi, F M; Stuart, G J

    1994-01-01

    In the mid-1970s, the medical and administrative staff of the Oncology Center at Johns Hopkins Hospital recognized a need for a computer-based clinical decision-support system that organized patients' information according to the care continuum, rather than as a series of event-specific data. This is especially important in cancer patients, because of the long periods in which they receive complex medical treatment and the enormous amounts of data generated by extremely ill patients with multiple interrelated diseases. During development of the Oncology Clinical Information System (OCIS), it became apparent that administrative services, research systems, ancillary functions (such as drug and blood product ordering), and financial processes should be integrated with the basic patient-oriented database. With the structured approach used in applications development, new modules were added as the need for additional functions arose. The system has since been moved to a modern network environment with the capacity for client-server processing.

  18. Trauma-centered psychoanalysis: transforming experiences of unbearable uncertainty.

    PubMed

    Brothers, Doris

    2009-04-01

    By destroying the certainties that pattern psychological life, trauma plunges a relational system into chaos and exposes its victims to experiences of unbearable uncertainty. When viewed from this perspective, trauma regains its original position at the heart of psychoanalysis. To show how this conceptualization grows out of and improves upon her earlier writings, the author traces the evolution of three ideas that have informed her work for over 20 years: (1) trauma is relational, (2) trauma is a complex phenomenon involving both a shattering experience and efforts at restoration, and (3) trauma goes hand in hand with dissociation. The chapter focuses on ways in which the systemic transformation of experiences of existential uncertainty affects posttraumatic life. Special attention is paid to reductions of complexity by means of relational patterns involving denials of sameness and difference and the emergence of rigid dualities. Insofar as analysts are no more strangers to trauma than are their patients, these patterns often come to organize treatment. An illustrative clinical example describes the treatment of a woman who was severely traumatized by incestuous abuse and emotional abandonment in early life. A crisis in the analytic relationship arose when the patient's pattern of relating to men revived painful memories of trauma in the author's own life. The chapter concludes with a discussion of analytic treatment as a "a tyranny of hope" and the bilateral nature of healing.

  19. Portal hypertensive biliopathy: A single center experience and literature review.

    PubMed

    Suárez, Vanessa; Puerta, Andrés; Santos, Luisa Fernanda; Pérez, Juan Manuel; Varón, Adriana; Botero, Rafael Claudino

    2013-03-27

    Portal hypertensive biliopathy (PHB) is characterized by anatomical and functional abnormalities of the intrahepatic, extrahepatic and pancreatic ducts, in patients with portal hypertension associated to extrahepatic portal vein obstruction and less frequently to cirrhosis. These morphological changes, consisting in dilatation and stenosis of the biliary tree, are due to extensive venous collaterals occurring in an attempt to decompress the portal venous blockage. It is usually asymptomatic until it progresses to more advanced stages with cholestasis, jaundice, biliary sludge, gallstones, cholangitis and finally biliary cirrhosis. Imaging modalities of the biliary tree such as Doppler ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography are essential to establish the diagnosis and the need of therapeutical interventions. Once the diagnosis is established, treatment with ursodesoxycholic acid seems to be beneficial. Decompression of the biliary tree to dilate, remove stones or implant biliary prosthesis by endoscopic or surgical procedures (hepato-yeyunostomy) usually resolves the cholestatic picture and prevents septic complications. The ideal treatment is the decompression of the portal system, with transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt or a surgical porto-systemic shunt. Unfortunately, few patients will be candidates for these procedures due to the extension of the thrombotic process. The purpose of this paper is to report the first 3 cases of PHB seen in a Colombian center and to review the literature.

  20. Multidisciplinary approach to transvenous lead extraction: a single center's experience.

    PubMed

    Maus, Timothy M; Shurter, Jesse; Nguyen, Liem; Birgersdotter-Green, Ulrika; Pretorius, Victor

    2015-04-01

    To evaluate the success and complication rates of a single center's multidisciplinary approach to transvenous lead extraction. One university hospital. One hundred ninety-five patients scheduled for transvenous lead extraction. A multidisciplinary approach to transvenous lead extraction involving cardiac surgery, electrophysiology, perfusion, and cardiac anesthesiology. A case series of 351 lead extractions performed in 195 patients over a 42-month period. Indications, success rates, and complication rates were tracked and retrospectively evaluated and reported. Indications for lead extraction included 53.3% because of lead malfunction, 36.9% because of infection, with the remaining 9.7% from other categories such as venous stenosis. The lead extraction rate was 99.7%, with complete removal in 97.7%. The overall major complication rate was 3.08%. After an initial 1-year period of performing lead extractions, the overall major complication rate reduced to 1.23%. Transvenous lead extraction generally is a safe procedure, but not without complications. A multidisciplinary approach involving cardiac surgery, electrophysiology, and cardiac anesthesiology allows for successful management and the ability to rapidly manage major complications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Ten-year experience of phototherapy in Yonsei Medical Center.

    PubMed

    Park, S H; Hann, S K; Park, Y K

    1996-12-01

    Phototherapy with PUVA or UVB has been used to treat a wide variety of diseases such as psoriasis, vitiligo, atopic dermatitis and mycosis fungoides, etc. The present study was performed to investigate the pattern of phototherapy in the phototherapy clinic of Yonsei Medical Center. One thousand six hundred ninety two patients who received PUVA or UVB phototherapy were included in this study. We analyzed the protocols for phototherapy between 1985 and 1994. The number of phototherapy per year increased sharply until 1991 and thereafter it has remained relatively constant. The most common age group at the start of phototherapy was the third decade. The most common indications for PUVA and UVB phototherapy were vitiligo and psoriasis, respectively. Most patients had received less than 50 treatments of PUVA and less than 200 J/cm2 of cumulative UVA. Most patients had received less than 50 treatments with UVB and cumulative UVB doses were variable. We had not found any malignancy in the skin. Since the maximum safe cumulative doses of UVA or UVB have not yet been established, it is difficult to decide when phototherapy should be discontinued. The data presented in this study needs to be further analyzed in correlation with photoaging and cancer development for the safe usage of phototherapy.

  2. Interventional Electrophysiology in Children: A Single-Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Mosaed, Pasha; Dalili, Mohammad; Emkanjoo, Zahra

    2012-01-01

    Objective Ablation techniques of cardiac arrhythmia in children have significantly progressed in the past decade; however, the number of pediatric ablations is still significantly lower than that in adults. Accordingly, there is less information regarding the success rate and complications in this age group. Methods All pediatric ablations conducted between March 2005 and February 2011 at Rajaie Heart Center were studied. Abolishing the arrhythmia source by the end of procedure was considered as success. Recurrences before hospital discharge and those thereafter were named early recurrence and late recurrence, respectively. Findings A total of 125 catheter ablations were performed for 112 patients. Of them 118 (94.4%) procedures were successful. The success rate was significantly higher in the patients with atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT). Of 105 patients who continued follow-up program, 7 (6.7%) cases experienced recurrence; the recurrence rate was inversely dependent on the patients’ body size (P-value <0.05). There was no mortality. Five cases were complicated during or early after the procedure, all the complications were cured completely. Conclusion Therapeutic electrophysiology in children is an effective and relatively low-risk method. The recurrence and complication rates are similar to those reported in adults. Considering our results and the previous reports, pediatric patients with serious arrhythmia should not be deprived from ablation and should not be exposed to long-term toxic drugs. PMID:23399953

  3. Living-unrelated kidney donation: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Peters, T G; Jones, K W; Walker, G W; Charlton, R K; Antonucci, L E; Repper, S M; Hunter, R D

    1999-02-01

    For 140 consecutive renal transplants performed from January 1995 to October 1997, 25 (18%) were from living-unrelated donors (15 women, 10 men, aged 25-63, mean 43 yr). All donors had pre-transplant imaging evaluation of renal anatomy following renal function assessment (minimal creatinine clearance 75 cm3/min). Admission to the hospital on the day of donation preceded nephrectomy under general anesthesia using an anterior flank, extra-retroperitoneal approach (no rib resection). Post-operative epidural pain control was used for all but 1 donor. The 25 kidney donors were hospitalized for 2 (n = 1), 3 (n = 12), 4 (n = 7), or 5-8 d (n = 5) (average 3.9 d) and had a mean hospitalization charge of $15,501 (range $10,808-$29,579). One intra-operative hemorrhage required transfusion; 1 late neural-related pain syndrome required outpatient wound exploration. Two kidneys were lost: a husband recipient from repetitive acute rejections at 3 months; a friend recipient from chronic rejection at 2.5 yr; both await cadaver transplant. The other 23 kidneys are functioning with a mean serum creatinine of 1.8 (range 1.0-3.3) at 3-36 months (patient survival 100%; graft survival 92%). While most donors were spouses (8 husbands and 10 wives), friends, distant cousins, in-laws, and adoptive relatives did well as donors and recipients. Transplantation may increase by 20% or more at centers which encourage broad application of living donor nephrectomy.

  4. Occupational toxicant inhalation injury: the World Trade Center (WTC) experience.

    PubMed

    de la Hoz, Rafael E; Shohet, Michael R; Chasan, Rachel; Bienenfeld, Laura A; Afilaka, Aboaba A; Levin, Stephen M; Herbert, Robin

    2008-02-01

    Clinical descriptive data is presented on a group of 554 former workers and volunteers (with more than 90 different occupations) at the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster site. A subsample of 168 workers (30% of the group) was selected to examine lower airway disease risk in relation to smoking and WTC exposure variables. Five diagnostic categories clearly predominate: upper airway disease (78.5%), gastroesophageal reflux disease (57.6%), lower airway disease (48.9%), psychological (41.9%) and chronic musculoskeletal illnesses (17.8%). The most frequent pattern of presentation was a combination of the first three of those categories (29.8%). Associations were found between arrival at the WTC site within the first 48 h of the terrorist attack and lower airway and gastroesophageal reflux disease, and between past or present cigarette smoking and lower airway disease. Occupational exposures at the WTC remain consistently associated with a disease profile, which includes five major diagnostic categories. These conditions often coexist in different combinations, which (as expected) mutually enhances their clinical expression, complicates medical management, and slows recovery. Cigarette smoking and early arrival at the WTC site appear to be risk factors for lower airway disease diagnosis.

  5. Damage control surgery - experiences from a level I trauma center.

    PubMed

    Gasser, Bernhard; Tiefenboeck, Thomas M; Boesmueller, Sandra; Kivaranovic, Danijel; Bukaty, Adam; Platzer, Patrick

    2017-09-11

    There is still no evidence in literature for damage control orthopaedics (DCO), early total care (ETC) or using external fixation solely in fractures of the long bones in multi-system-trauma. The aim of this study was to determine parameters influencing the choice of treatment in clinical routine (DCO, ETC, or EF) in femoral or tibial shaft fractures in combination with multi-system-trauma, severe soft tissue damage or both. Data of 236 patients with 280 fractures of long bones of the lower extremities treated at a level I trauma center were analysed. Clinical parameters on arrival (age, sex [m/f], ISS, fracture site [femur/tibia], soft tissue damage [closed or open fractures according to the Gustilo-Anderson classification], pulmonary injury [yes/no]) were collected and analysed whether they influence the choice of upcoming treatment (DCO/ETC/EF). Our findings showed that high ISS and severe soft tissue damage (grade III) significantly correlated with DCO. High ISS, old age, female sex and fracture site (tibia) correlated with EF. This group of sole use of external fixation had highest rate of complications, 69% were associated with at least one complication. Severely injured patients are treated significantly more often with DCO or EF. The presence of higher ISS (≥16) and of type III open fractures increased the use of DCO. However, ISS, fracture-site, patient's age, type III open fractures or sex (female) increased the use of EF compared to ETC.

  6. Improving the life science (biology) laboratory education experience: From an instructor-centered to a learner-centered educational environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, Marcella Liffick

    The component parts of the educational experience in a freshman biology laboratory course could be improved if the knowledge, skills, and personality of the students could be integrated with the instructor's. Lack of integration of instruction with learning often results in students unwilling or unable to learn content and to transfer it to future courses. This research examined the component parts of instruction and learning for a freshman biology laboratory class and provided an alternative approach to the traditional experience in this lab. Outcome assessment revealed that students experiencing a learner-centered lab responded differently to instruction than students in the traditional lab did and expressed more of a learning orientation and awareness. Not all methods used were successful but course evaluations demonstrated an increased awareness of the learning process among students in the learner-centered lab. The alternative group indicated differences specifically directed toward learning, more often than the traditional group did.

  7. A cesium TELEC experiment at Lewis Research Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Britt, E. J.

    1979-01-01

    The thermoelectronic laser energy converter (TELEC), was studied as a method of converting a 10.6 mm CO2 laser beam into electric power. The calculated characteristics of a TELEC seem to be well matched to the requirements of a spacecraft laser energy conversion system. The TELEC is a high power density plasma device which absorbs an intense laser beam by inverse bremsstrahlung with the plasma electrons. In the TELEC process, electromagnetic radiation is absorbed directly in the plasma electrons producing a high electron temperature. The energetic electrons diffuse out of the plasma striking two electrodes which are in contact with the plasma at the boundaries. These two electrodes have different areas: the larger one is designated as the collector, the smaller one is designated as the emitter. The smaller electrode functions as an electron emitter to provide continuity of the current. Waste heat is rejected from the collector electrode. An experiment was carried out with a high power laser using a cesium vapor TELEC cell with 30 cm active length. Laser supported plasma was produced in the TELEC device during a number of laser runs over a period of several days. Electric power from the TELEC was observed with currents in the range of several amperes and output potentials of less than 1 volt. The magnitudes of these electric outputs were smaller than anticipated but consistent with the power levels of the laser during this experiment.

  8. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, complications and management: a single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Tuğcu, Volkan; Şahin, Selçuk; Yiğitbaşı, İsmail; Şener, Nevzat Can; Akbay, Fatih Gökhan; Taşçı, Ali İhsan

    2017-01-01

    Objective To present our experience with laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN), our complications and management modalities. Material and methods: Fifty-one transperitoneal LDNs performed in our clinic between the years 2011, and 2015, were evaluated retrospectively. Demographic characteristics of the patients, operative and postoperative data and complications were evaluated. Results Nineteen female and 32 male patients with ages ranging from 24 to 65 years underwent left- (n=44), and right-sided (n=7) LDNs. Six patients had two, and one patient three renal arteries. Mean operation time was 115±11 (min–max: 90–150) minutes, and mean warm ischemia time 111±9 (min–max: 90–140 sec) seconds. Mean hospital stay was found to be 2.5±0.5 days. No patient needed to switch to open surgery. In one patient, lumbar vein was ruptured, and hemostatic control was achieved laparoscopically. Postoperative paralytic ileus developed in two patients. Three patients had postoperative atelectasis, and a febrile (38.1°C) episode. Conclusion LDN is a minimally invasive method with advantages of short hospital stay, less analgesic requirement, and better cosmetic results. However it should be performed by surgeons with advanced laparoscopic experience. PMID:28270958

  9. Groin Exploration for the Nonpalpable Testes: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Sowande, Oludayo A; Talabi, Ademola O; Etonyeaku, Amarachukwu C; Adejuyigbe, Olusanya

    2015-01-01

    Background: Management of non-palpable testes in Nigeria can be difficult due to late presentation and poor resources. Surgical exploration is often required for diagnosis and treatment. Aim: This study reviews the management outcome of clinically non-palpable testeis in a tertiary center in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Ten years retrospective review of all clinically non-palpable testes in children aged 2–15years managed at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex Ile-Ife Nigeria. Results: Thirty two children with 44 testicular units were managed. The right side was involved in 12 (37.5%); left in 8 (25.0%) and bilateral in 12 (37.5%) patients. Pre-operative ultrasound was done in 12 patients with localization in just 4 patients (33.3% success rate). At groin exploration, 34 (77.32%) testicular units were located in the inguinal canal. Eight patients with 10 The remaining 10 (22.7%) testicular units required additional mini-laparotomy for which six (13.6%) and 4 (9.1%) testicular units respectively were either in the retroperitoneum or not found. Of the testes in the groin, twenty two (64.7%) testicular units were normal while 12 (35.3%) were atrophic. Four of the retroperitoneal testes were normal while 2 were atrophic. Eight (22.5%) testicular units among the inguinal group had multi-staged orchidopexy; while 2 each of the retroperitoneal group had orchidectomy, one stage orchidopexy, two staged Fowler Stephens (F-S) procedure or lost to follow up after first stage of F-S procedure. Mean follow up period was 2 months. 2 testicular units each had retracted or vanished respectively during follow up. Conclusion: Groin exploration still offers a viable approach Surgical exploration is still useful in to the management of non-palpable testes in low resource environment despite the lack of laparoscopy. PMID:25838769

  10. Uncommon renal tumors in children: A single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Mandal, Kartik Chandra; Mukhopadhyay, Madhumita; Barman, Shibsankar; Halder, Pankaj; Mukhopadhyay, Biswanath; Kumar, Rajarshi

    2016-01-01

    Aims: Scrutiny over the clinical behaviors, management, and the final outcome of some rare renal neoplasm in order to find out some hidden facts about these tumors which are playing an important role in the disease course and its management. Materials and Methods: Retrospective evaluation of uncommon (non-Wilms’) renal neoplasm in the pediatric population in a tertiary care center. Fifteen cases of uncommon renal tumors were treated in our institution over the last 5 years (January 2008 to December 2012). The cases were tabulated in the form of age, sex, mode of presentation, preoperative investigations, intraoperative grading, pathological type, postoperative management and the final outcome. The patients were followed up for 2 years (clinically every 3 months and ultrasonography abdomen in every 6 months for first 2 years) in order to see any evidence of recurrence and complications related to postoperative chemotherapy. Results: Out of 15 cases, four cases were clear cell sarcoma (CCS) (26.6%), three cases were rhabdoid tumor (20%), three cases were congenital mesoblastic nephroma (20%), two cases were multilocular cystic nephroma (13.3%), two cases were renal teratoma (13.3%), and one case of teratoid Wilms’ tumor (6.6%). There were two deaths (one CCS and one rhabdoid tumor) due to chemotherapy-related toxicity but no recurrence. Three patients were lost during postoperative follow-up; ten patients are doing well and getting a regular visit in the follow-up clinic. Conclusion: The clinical presentations of these uncommon renal tumors are similar to that of Wilms’ tumor. Thus, preoperative diagnosis is difficult even with modern imaging techniques. Some of these tumors (CCS, rhabdoid tumor) are rapidly progressing and have a poor outcome. Hence, early intervention in the form of complete surgical resection of the tumor (whenever possible) and postoperative chemo/radiotherapy are imperative for fruitful outcome. PMID:27046976

  11. AIDS and hemophilia: experience in the La Paz Hemophilia Center.

    PubMed

    Magallón Martínez, M; Ortega, F; Pinilla, J

    1992-01-01

    435 hemophiliacs are usually being attended in the La Paz hemophilia Center (Madrid, Spain). 257 (59%) of these patients have been infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) because of human plasma derivate substitution therapy. The infection has been more frequent among the severely affected patients and among the most treated patients. 82% of the infected patients are between 14 and 40 years old. By December 1991, 95 (37%) of 257 seropositive patients have developed full-blown AIDS. The most frequent opportunistic infection they had suffered was esophageal candidiasis. Looking for an evolution marker, we can point that the patients older than 35 years with CD4 levels below 200/mm3 had the worst prognosis. There was no difference in the evolution among the patients aged below 17 and those aged between 17 and 35 years. The amount of concentrate used between 1980 and 1984 did not hold any relation to the evolution. 49 patients (51%) of the 95 suffering from AIDS had died by December 1991. The evolution to the death was unrelated to the patient age, CD4 lymphocyte levels, and amount of substitution therapy. In our opinion, the most valuable marker could be the kind of opportunistic infection or tumor the patient suffers from. Finally, Retrovir has demonstrated to be useful in increasing the survival rate of the patients, but after 36 months of treatment, only 33% of those AIDS patients who began taking it remained alive. Retrovir was also used in asymptomatic patients, and during an average period of time of 15 months, a lesser bone marrow toxicity and a stabilization in CD4 lymphocyte levels could be observed, but this was unable to modify the disease progression in those patients who presented circulating p24 antigen.

  12. Endoscopic necrosectomy under fluoroscopic guidance – a single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Smoczyński, Marian; Jabłońska, Anna; Adrych, Krystian

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Our report presents a technique of necrotic tissue removal during transmural drainage of walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) that is an alternative to the one that has already been described in the literature. Aim To assess the effectiveness and safety of endoscopic necrosectomy performed during transmural drainage of symptomatic WOPN. Material and methods Within the years 2012–2013, 64 patients underwent endoscopic treatment of symptomatic WOPN in our center. Eight patients underwent endoscopic necrosectomy during transmural drainage. Fragments of necrotic tissues were removed from the collection's cavity under fluoroscopic guidance using a Dormia basket. The results and complications of treatment were compared retrospectively. Results Sixty-four patients with WOPN underwent transmural drainage under endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) guidance. Eight patients (12.5%, 5 women and 3 men, mean age 57.25 years) were qualified for endoscopic necrosectomy. Transmural transgastric access was made in 7 patients and transduodenal access in 1 patient. Additional percutaneous drainage was used in 2 patients. Active drainage was continued for 24 days (11–44 days). The mean number of endoscopic procedures was 4.75 (3–9). The average number of necrosectomy procedures during drainage was 1.75 (1–4). Complications of endotherapy occurred in 2/8 (25%) patients, and they were not directly connected with necrosectomy. Therapeutic success after the end of active drainage was achieved in all patients. During a 6-month follow-up no recurrence of the collection was observed. Conclusions Endoscopic necrosectomy under fluoroscopic guidance is an effective and safe method of minimally invasive treatment in a selected group of patients with symptomatic WOPN. PMID:26240624

  13. Single Center Experience with Pre-dialysis Patients.

    PubMed

    Al Wakeel, Jamal S; Mitwalli, Ahmed H; Abu-Aisha, Hassan; Tarif, Nauman; Memon, Nawaz; Sulimani, Fathia; Askar, Akram; Isnani, Arthur

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the management of factors accelerating renal injury such as hypertension and diabetes on progression of chronic renal failure (CRF). For this end, the records of 112 CRF patients with serum creatinine (SCr) level of 150- 850 micromol/L were retrospectively studied at King Khaled University Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The leading causes of CRF in the study patients were diabetes in 52 (46.4%) patients, glomerulonephritis in 25 (22.4%) and hypertension in 17 (15.2%). Progressive elevation of SCr level was recorded at 92 micromol/L/year in 62 (55.4%) patients with initial SCr level of 150-300 micromol/L; they progressed to end stage renal disease (ESRD) in a mean duration of 4 (1/2) years. Forty-three (38.4%) patients with SCr level of 300-450 micromol/L had an increase of SCr at 136 micromol/L/year and progressed to ESRD in a mean period of four years. Seven (6.2%) patients who had initial SCr level of > 450 micromol/L had an increase of 136 micromol/L/year and progressed to ESRD in a mean duration of 2 (1/2) years. Sixty-two (55.4%) patients had initial blood pressure (BP) readings above the recommended level of 130/80 mm Hg. Antihypertensive management stabilized 47 (75.8%) of these patients using multiple drug regimens such as an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and diuretics (20.5%). Though this center did not use erythropoietin (EPO) in these patients, the control of the levels of hemoglobin and hematocrit was obtained by aggressive iron supplementation including intravenous administration. In conclusion, the present management of CRF patients, which attempts to comply with the international standards, still needs refining in order to reach better outcome.

  14. Multidisciplinary Approach for Acromegaly: A Single Tertiary Center's Experience.

    PubMed

    Haliloglu, Ozlem; Kuruoglu, Enis; Ozkaya, Hande Mefkure; Keskin, Fatma Ela; Gunaldi, Omur; Oz, Buge; Gazioglu, Nurperi; Kadioglu, Pinar; Tanriover, Necmettin

    2016-04-01

    Acromegaly is a multisystemic disease that requires a multidisciplinary approach. The aim of this study was to determine early and late remissions of patients who underwent surgery at our center and to evaluate relations between pathologic and radiologic properties of adenoma and medical and radiosurgical treatments with remissions. The medical records of 103 patients with acromegaly who underwent endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, between 2007 and 2014 were reviewed. Clinical, biochemical, radiologic, and pathologic properties were determined. The total median follow-up time was 38 months [interquartile range: 24-53.5 months]. Thirty-two percent of the adenomas were microadenomas and 68% were macroadenomas The early remission rate was 51.5% and late remission was 75.2%. The sellar floor invasion was significantly lower in patients with early and late remissions (P = 0.01 and P = 0.009, respectively). The initial growth hormone (GH; P < 0.001), first-day GH (P = 0.03), 3-month GH (P = 0.001), insulin-like growth factor-1 (P = 0.004), and 6-month insulin-like growth factor-1 (P = 0.02) levels were significantly greater in patients with sellar floor invasion. The late remission rates (P = 0.004) were greter and reoperation needs (P = 0.05) were lower in patients with Ki-67 <3% than in patients with ≥3%. Seventy (68.6%) patients needed medical therapy during follow-up. Late remission was achieved using a multidiciplinary approach in 75.2% of 103 patients with acromegaly, and young age, male sex, high Ki-67 and mitosis indices, and cavernous sinus and sellar-floor invasion had negative effects on clinical and biochemical control of the disease. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. [Recent experiences with kidney explantation outside transplantation centers].

    PubMed

    Geister, H; Simon, S

    1982-09-01

    The ever-increasing negative balance between the offer of an demand for organs with regard to transplantation surgery is very problematic. The transplantation centres are confronted with an insolvable problem and for this reason the co-operation of hospitals, other than the transplantation centres, is of vital importance where the explantation of kidneys, under specified conditions, is concerned. There are reports of new experiences in the removal of organs through in-situ-perfusion and en-bloc-removals as well as combined consignments of organs and typing material. The favourable results personally achieved during the past 6 years have given cause to believe that other clinics or hospitals, other than the transplantation centres, will participate in the explantation or organs for the purpose of transplantation.

  16. Carotid Artery Stenting: Single-Center Experience Over 11 Years

    SciTech Connect

    Nolz, Richard Schernthaner, Ruediger Egbert; Cejna, Manfred; Schernthaner, Melanie Lammer, Johannes Schoder, Maria

    2010-04-15

    This article reports the results of carotid artery stenting during an 11-year period. Data from 168 carotid artery stenting procedures (symptomatic, n = 55; asymptomatic, n = 101; symptoms not accessible, n = 12) were retrospectively collected. Primary technical success rate, neurological events in-hospital, access-site complications, and contrast-induced nephropathy (n = 118) were evaluated. To evaluate the influence of experience in carotid artery stenting on intraprocedural neurologic complications, patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 included the first 80 treated patients, and group 2 the remainder of the patients (n = 88). In-stent restenoses at last-follow-up examinations (n = 89) were assessed. The overall primary technical success rate was 95.8%. The in-hospital stroke-death rate was 3.0% (n = 5; symptomatic, 5.4%; asymptomatic, 2.0%; p = 0.346). Neurologic complications were markedly higher in group 1 (4.2%; three major strokes; symptomatic, 2.8%, asymptomatic, 1.4%) compared to group 2 (2.4%; one major and one minor stroke-symptomatic, 1.2%, asymptomatic 1.2%), but this was not statistically significant. Further complications were access-site complications in 12 (7.1%), with surgical revision required in 1 (0.6%) and mild contrast-induced nephropathy in 1 (0.85%). Twenty-one (23.6%) patients had >50% in-stent restenosis during a mean follow-up of 28.2 months. In conclusion, advanced experience in carotid artery stenting leads to an acceptable periprocedural stroke-death rate. In-stent restenosis could be a critical factor during the follow-up course.

  17. Transanal endoscopic microsurgery for rectal adenomas: single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Samalavicius, Narimantas Evaldas; Mikelis, Kipras; Samalavicius, Robertas

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is a method of choice for the local treatment of rectal adenomas. Though generally considered as a safe method, some authors have expressed skepticism about the anorectal function following TEM. Aim To review our experience in using TEM for removal of rectal adenomas. We focused on morbidity, local recurrence rates, and anorectal function following the operation. Material and methods The study included 72 patients who underwent TEM for rectal adenomas from December 2009 to November 2014 at the Department of Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Institute. Of the 72 patients, 31 (43.1%) were lost in the follow-up. We recorded the demographics, operative details, final pathology, post-operative length of stay, post-operative complications, recurrences and functional outcome for each of the 41 (56.9%) remaining participants. Results Of the 41 eligible patients, 19 (46.3%) were male and 22 (53.7%) were female. The mean age of our patients was 66.8 years. There were no intraoperative complications. In 4 (9.8%) cases, postoperative complications were observed – urinary retention (2 cases, 4.9%) and postoperative hemorrhage (2 cases, 4.9%). All complications were treated conservatively. There was a single case (2.4%) of adenoma recurrence during the follow-up period. The mean score of the FISI questionnaire was 7.6 ±9.2 (ranging from 0 to 36), and the mean Wexner score was 2.3 ±3.4 (ranging from 0 to 17). Conclusions Transanal endoscopic microsurgery in our experience demonstrated low complication and recurrence rates, and good functional results. We conclude that TEM is an effective and safe method for the treatment of rectal adenomas. PMID:28133497

  18. Electronic Text Centers: Creating Research Collections on a Limited Budget, the Nebraska Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giesecke, Joan R.; McNeil, Beth; Minks, Gina L. B.

    2000-01-01

    Defines electronic text centers as tools for digital collection development in the humanities and describes experiences at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in developing an electronic text center. Considers staffing, standards for encoding and describing electronic texts, hardware and software selection, and partnerships with the University of…

  19. A Qualitative Examination of Connections between Learner-Centered Teaching and Past Significant Learning Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brackenbury, Tim

    2012-01-01

    Learner-centered teaching is a collection of instructional practices that shift the emphasis of courses from the instructors' goals and methods of delivery to the knowledge and skills that the students develop. This study examined potential commonalities between features of learner-centered teaching and the past significant learning experiences of…

  20. Do Children's Advocacy Centers Improve Families' Experiences of Child Sexual Abuse Investigations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Lisa M.; Cross, Theodore P.; Walsh, Wendy A.; Simone, Monique

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The Children's Advocacy Center (CAC) model of child abuse investigation is designed to be more child and family-friendly than traditional methods, but there have been no rigorous studies of their effect on children's and caregivers' experience. Data collected as part of the Multi-Site Evaluation of Children's Advocacy Centers were used…

  1. Do Children's Advocacy Centers Improve Families' Experiences of Child Sexual Abuse Investigations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Lisa M.; Cross, Theodore P.; Walsh, Wendy A.; Simone, Monique

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The Children's Advocacy Center (CAC) model of child abuse investigation is designed to be more child and family-friendly than traditional methods, but there have been no rigorous studies of their effect on children's and caregivers' experience. Data collected as part of the Multi-Site Evaluation of Children's Advocacy Centers were used…

  2. How the hydroelectric design center`s experience ensures new SCADA systems are successful

    SciTech Connect

    Gantenbein, C.

    1995-12-31

    An installed SCADA system doesn`t require age for obsolescence. Effective obsolescence can be a SCADA system, of any age, which no longer receives the manufacturer`s product support or it could be a new SCADA system which was never supplied with complete documentation for the delivered hardware or software. It could also be the system which was the state-of-the-market SCADA when designed and when the procurement documents were prepared but, by the time of final system acceptance, the hardware is two generations old in technology. The Hydroelectric Design Center (HDC) is aware of the many times these situations have occurred when SCADA systems have been purchased, not only by the Government, but by the hydroelectric industry in general. These situations can rapidly grow into significant and expensive problems as the Government`s needs change and expand. How can an applications software routine be modified when no source code was provided? How can a new device be added to the SCADA system`s communications ports when the communications protocol is unknown or is a vendor`s {open_quotes}proprietary{close_quotes} software. HDC is aggressively working on solutions to minimize the obsolescence of newly installed SCADA systems while still remaining within the boundaries of the Government`s procurement guidelines.

  3. Guidelines for Group Experiences in the College and University Counseling Center: A Statement of Opinion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conyne, Robert K.

    1973-01-01

    This article is one attempt to relate the general suggestions of the 1972 ACPA proposed statement on the use of group experiences in higher education to the college and university counseling center. (Author)

  4. [Ten years experience in Mali community health centers].

    PubMed

    Balique, H; Ouattara, O; Iknane, A A

    2001-03-01

    At the end of 10 years' existence, the community health centres of Mali show a way of organisation which meets the public health requirements and demands of financial viability of any health establishment. Their originality lays in several factors: their legal personality, their private status, their financial support of the medical staff, their management by a users association and the public utilities agreement they have signed with the department. In spite of their success which makes their numbers reach 350, they suffer from great deficiencies, which are resulted by the lack of democratic traditions within the associations, a inappropriate transparency of their accounts and an inefficient supervision from the part of the department. The main questions posed by this new experience concern the limits of the concept of community, the importance of citizenship in the development dynamics, the participation of private institutions in the accomplishment of public utilities, the jacobin and authoritarian attitude of the department representatives, the contradictions between multiplication of centres to improve geographic access and the requirements of financial viability.

  5. Surgical management of gynecomastia: experience of a general surgery center

    PubMed Central

    LONGHEU, A.; MEDAS, F.; CORRIAS, F.; FARRIS, S.; TATTI, A.; PISANO, G.; ERDAS, E.; CALÒ, P.G.

    2016-01-01

    Aim Gynecomastia is a common finding in male population of all ages. The aim of our study was to present our experience and goals in surgical treatment of gynecomastia. Patients and Methods Clinical records of patients affected by gynecomastia referred to our Department of Surgery between September 2008 and January 2015 were analyzed. 50 patients were included in this study. Results Gynecomastia was monolateral in 12 patients (24%) and bilateral in 38 (76%); idiopathic in 41 patients (82%) and secondary in 9 (18%). 39 patients (78%) underwent surgical operation under general anaesthesia, 11 (22%) under local anaesthesia. 3 patients (6%) presented recurrent disease. Webster technique was performed in 28 patients (56%), Davidson technique in 16 patients (32%); in 2 patients (4%) Pitanguy technique was performed and in 4 patients (8%) a mixed surgical technique was performed. Mean surgical time was 80.72±35.14 minutes, median postoperative stay was 1.46±0.88 days. 2 patients (4%) operated using Davidson technique developed a hematoma, 1 patient (2%) operated with the same technique developed hypertrophic scar. Conclusions Several surgical techniques are described for surgical correction of gynecomastia. If performed by skilled general surgeons surgical treatment of gynecomastia is safe and permits to reach satisfactory aesthetic results. PMID:27938530

  6. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in children: a large center's experience.

    PubMed

    Khan, I A; Gajaria, M; Stephens, D; Balfe, J W

    2000-08-01

    Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is well established in adults and is becoming common in children. We reviewed 190 ABPM studies retrospectively (since 1990) to assess the failure rate, and analyzed the data from 97 patients 5-19 years old (1992-1996) to review the experience gained from the use of this technique in children and adolescents. Seventeen percent (32/190) of studies failed. Most children accepted ABPM, provided it was clearly explained in advance. There were differences between day and night readings of systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, and heart rate. BP did not correlate with height or weight. "White coat" effect apparently exists in children: clinic systolic BPs were higher than daytime systolic ABPM (no difference in diastolic). Eighty-nine percent (86/97) had an elevated BP load (>30% of readings >95th percentile). The antihypertensive medications of 16% (16/97) of patients were changed after ABPM. The nocturnal fall in BP (expressed as a percentage of the individual mean daytime values) was approximately normally distributed and was independent of age and height. Nocturnal systolic and diastolic dipping were closely correlated. Attenuation of nighttime dipping was observed in children with kidney disease and those with organ transplants. There is a need for normative data for ABPM for North American children. In our study, the technique was useful in selected cases, such as borderline or secondary hypertension, and for therapeutic monitoring when BP control is difficult.

  7. Managing disorder of sexual development surgically: A single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Jatinder; Kumar, Vikas; Bhatia, Vijaylakshmi; Dabadghao, Preeti; Chaturvedi, Samit; Kapoor, Rakesh; Ansari, M. S.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Ambiguous genitalia are a major cause of parental anxiety and create psychological and social problems to patient, if not managed properly. Here we present our experience in managing patients with ambiguous genitalia. Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed clinical records of all patients with ambiguous genitalia managed surgically at out institute between December 1989 and January 2011. Relevant history, clinical examination, investigations and surgical procedures performed were analyzed and results were evaluated in terms of anatomical, functional and psychosexual outcomes. Results: Female pseudohermaphroditism was the most common cause of genital ambiguity in our patients. Male and female genitoplasty was done according to gender of rearing, genital anatomy and parental choice. Twenty six patients (86.6%) reported satisfactory cosmetic outcome and 22 (73.3%) satisfactory functional outcome on long term follow-up. Among the 24 patients diagnosed as male pseudohermaphroditism 14 (82.3%) patient have reported satisfactory cosmetic outcome and 13 (76.4%) have reported satisfactory functional outcome. In patients with mixed gonadal dysgenesis and true hermaphroditism satisfactory cosmetic and functional outcome was seen in 70% patient. Conclusion: Managing patients of genital ambiguity according to gender of rearing, genital anatomy and parental choice carries good prognosis in terms of anatomical, functional and psychosexual outcome. PMID:23204656

  8. MRI-guided stereotactic amygdalohippocampectomy: a single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Vojtěch, Zdeněk; Malíková, Hana; Krámská, Lenka; Liščák, Roman; Vladyka, Vilibald

    2015-01-01

    Background This paper presents our experience of stereotactic radiofrequency amygdalohippocampectomy performed for intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Methods The article describes the cases of 61 patients who were treated during the period from 2004 to 2010. Mean postoperative follow-up was 5.3 years. Neuropsychological results were obtained for a subset of 31 patients. Results At their last postsurgical visit, 43 (70.5%) patients were Engel class I, six (9.8%) class II, nine (14.8%) class III, and three (4.9%) class IV. The surgery was complicated by four intracranial hematomas. One of them caused acute hydrocephalus and was treated by shunting and resolved without sequelae, while another caused transitory aphasia. The remaining hematomas were asymptomatic. There were two cases of meningitis which required antibiotic treatment. One patient committed suicide due to postoperative depression. After the procedure, we performed open epilepsy surgery and rethermolesions in three and two patients, respectively (8.2%). Patients showed increases in their mean full scale, verbal, and performance intelligence quotient (IQ) scores of 4, 3, and 4 IQ points, respectively (P<0.05). Five (17.2%), four (13.8%), and four (13.3%) patients improved their full scale, verbal, and performance IQ scores, respectively. No significant changes were found in memory performance, with a mean increase of 1, 3, and 0 memory quotient points in global, verbal, and visual memory, respectively (P<0.05). Global memory improved in three (10.3%) patients, verbal memory in one (3.4%), and one patient (3.3%) showed deterioration in visual memory. Conclusion Stereotactic radiofrequency amygdalohippocampectomy offers a safe, effective, and less aggressive treatment modality in cases of well-defined mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Seizure outcome is comparable with the results of conventional epilepsy surgery and cognitive results could be even better. PMID:25709460

  9. Surgical approach to splenic hydatid cyst: single center experience.

    PubMed

    Eris, Cengiz; Akbulut, Sami; Yildiz, Mehmet Kamil; Abuoglu, Hasan; Odabasi, Mehmet; Ozkan, Erkan; Atalay, Suleyman; Gunay, Emre

    2013-01-01

    The benefits and risks of surgery for splenic hydatid cyst (SHC) remain controversial. We aimed to share our experience about a surgical approach for SHC. Sixteen consecutive patients with SHC disease who underwent open splenectomy at our hospital between January 2006 and July 2012 were retrospectively evaluated. Data on the patients' demographic features, clinical findings, radiological and serological diagnostic methods, and surgical and medicinal treatment options were collected and used to generate descriptive profiles of diagnosis, treatment course, and outcome. The patient population was composed of 6 females and 10 males, with an age range of 18 to 79 years (mean age: 47.0 ± 18.0). Radiological examinations detected hydatid cysts in spleen alone (n = 7) or both spleen and liver (n = 9). Preoperative serological testing identified 13 of the patients as IHA positive. All except 1 patient received a 10- to 21-day preoperative course of albendazole therapy and all patients received vaccination 1 week prior to surgery. Seven patients underwent splenectomy. The remaining patients underwent splenectomy with partial cystectomy and omentopexy (n = 6), partial cystectomy and unroofing (n = 1), pericystectomy (n = 1), or pericystectomy with partial nephrectomy (n = 1). All except one patient received a 10- to 45-day postoperative course of albendazole. No patients developed serious complications or signs of recurrence during the follow-up. The clinical profile of SHC disease at our hospital includes diagnosis by radiological methods, splenectomy treatment by simple or concomitant procedures according to the patient's symptoms, cyst size, number and localization, and compression of adjacent organs, and adjunct vaccination to decrease risk of postoperative septic complications. This profile is associated with low risk of complications and high therapeutic efficacy.

  10. Transcatheter Closure of Patent Foramen Ovale: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Milev, Ivan; Zafirovska, Planinka; Zimbakov, Zan; Idrizi, Shpend; Ampova-Sokolov, Vilma; Gorgieva, Emilija; Ilievska, Liljana; Tosheski, Goce; Hristov, Nikola; Georgievska-Ismail, Ljubica; Anguseva, Tanja; Mitrev, Zan

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transcatheter closure (PTC) of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is implicated in cryptogenic stroke, transitional ischemic attack (TIA) and treatment of a migraine. AIM: Our goal was to present our experience in the interventional treatment of PFO, as well as to evaluate the short and mid-term results in patients with closed PFO. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Transcatheter closure of PFO was performed in 52 patients (67.3% women, mean age 40.7 ± 11.7 years). Patients were interviewed for subjective grading of the intensity of headaches before and after the PFO closure. RESULTS: During 2 years of follow-up, there was no incidence of new stroke, TIA and/or syncope. Follow-up TCD performed in 35 patients showed complete PFO closure in 20 patients (57.1%). Out of 35 patients, 22 (62.9%) reported having a migraine before the procedure with an intensity of headaches at 8.1 ± 1.9 on a scale from 1 to 10. During 2 years of follow-up, symptoms of a migraine disappeared in 4 (18.2%) and the remaining 18 patients reported the significant decrease in intensity 4.8 ± 2.04 (p = 0.0001). In addition, following PFO closure the incidence of the headaches decreased significantly (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous transcatheter closure of PFO is a safe and effective procedure showing mid-term relief of neurological symptoms in patients as well as significant reduction of migraine symptoms. PMID:28028400

  11. Single-center experience using the Freedom SOLO aortic bioprosthesis.

    PubMed

    Iliopoulos, Dimitrios C; Deveja, Aris Rezar; Androutsopoulou, Vasiliki; Filias, Vasilios; Kastelanos, Eleftherios; Satratzemis, Vasilios; Khalpey, Zain; Koudoumas, Dimitrios

    2013-07-01

    This study reviews a single institution experience with the Freedom SOLO (Sorin Group, Saluggia, Italy) aortic bioprosthesis. Between October 2006 and February 2010, 128 patients (64 men, 64 women; mean age, 75.8 ± 5.1 years) underwent aortic valve replacement using the Freedom SOLO stentless aortic valve. The follow-up time was 36.7 ± 1.2 months and 100% complete. Concomitant procedures were performed in 77 patients (60%). The mean standard European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation was 9 ± 2.7. Grade 3 aortic stenosis was present in 73% of patients, mixed aortic stenosis and regurgitation were present in 40% of patients, and mitral regurgitation was present in 46% of patients. The mean crossclamp time was 53 ± 12 minutes for isolated Freedom SOLO aortic valve implantation and 80 ± 28 minutes for concomitant procedures, and the mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 103 ± 31 minutes. The mean implanted valve size was 22.6 ± 1.4 mm. The mean intensive care unit and hospital stays were 2.4 ± 1.1 days and 8.8 ± 2.6 days, respectively. Three patients underwent reoperation for bleeding. The 15-day, 30-day, and perioperative mortality were all 4.6%. The 36-month survival was 95.4% ± 1.6% for the cohort with a low European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (<9) and 88.6% ± 1.7% for the cohort with a high European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (>9). Echocardiographic data preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively showed peak transvalvular gradients of 75 ± 23, 17 ± 6, 18 ± 6.5, 16 ± 6, and 16 ± 9 mm Hg, respectively (P < .001), and a mean left ventricular end-diastolic diameter of 51 ± 7, 50 ± 6, 48 ± 8, 47 ± 6, and 46.5 ± 7.5 mm, respectively (P < .05). There were only 3 cases of early mild aortic regurgitation (grade 1), which remained stable at 12 months. The Freedom SOLO stentless aortic valve has excellent early and intermediate-term results. Published by Mosby

  12. Ecology-centered experiences among children and adolescents: A qualitative and quantitative analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orton, Judy

    The present research involved two studies that considered ecology-centered experiences (i.e., experiences with living things) as a factor in children's environmental attitudes and behaviors and adolescents' ecological understanding. The first study (Study 1) examined how a community garden provides children in an urban setting the opportunity to learn about ecology through ecology-centered experiences. To do this, I carried out a yearlong ethnographic study at an urban community garden located in a large city in the Southeastern United States. Through participant observations and informal interviews of community garden staff and participants, I found children had opportunities to learn about ecology through ecology-centered experiences (e.g., interaction with animals) along with other experiences (e.g., playing games, reading books). In light of previous research that shows urban children have diminished ecological thought---a pattern of thought that privileges the relationship between living things---because of their lack of ecology-centered experiences (Coley, 2012), the present study may have implications for urban children to learn about ecology. As an extension of Study 1, I carried out a second study (Study 2) to investigate how ecology-centered experiences contribute to adolescents' environmental attitudes and behaviors in light of other contextual factors, namely environmental responsibility support, ecological thought, age and gender. Study 2 addressed three research questions. First, does ecological thought---a pattern of thought that privileges the relationship between living things---predict environmental attitudes and behaviors (EAB)? Results showed ecological thought did not predict EAB, an important finding considering the latent assumptions of previous research about the relationship between these two factors (e.g., Brugger, Kaiser, & Roczen, 2011). Second, do two types of contextual support, ecology-centered experiences (i.e., experiences with

  13. Ecology-Centered Experiences among Children and Adolescents: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orton, Judy

    2013-01-01

    The present research involved two studies that considered "ecology-centered experiences" (i.e., experiences with living things) as a factor in children's environmental attitudes and behaviors and adolescents' ecological understanding. The first study (Study 1) examined how a community garden provides children in an urban setting the…

  14. Liberating Young Children from Sex Roles: Experiences in Day Care Centers, Play Groups, and Free Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacEwan, Phyllis Taube

    The efforts and experiences of some day care centers and other preschool groups in trying to free children from sex roles are discussed. The booklet is organized under the following topics: (1) teaching sex role stereotypes--the ways adults consciously and unconsciously teach them; (2) confronting children's acts of exclusion--experiences in…

  15. Learner-Centered Blogging: A Preliminary Investigation of EFL Student Writers' Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Ming Huei

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of integrating a learner-centered blogging approach into the EFL writing classroom in Taiwan. For this purpose, a 16-week experiment was conducted, involving an intact class of 18 university-level Taiwanese EFL student writers. During the experiment, the participants first created their own blogs on…

  16. Ecology-Centered Experiences among Children and Adolescents: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orton, Judy

    2013-01-01

    The present research involved two studies that considered "ecology-centered experiences" (i.e., experiences with living things) as a factor in children's environmental attitudes and behaviors and adolescents' ecological understanding. The first study (Study 1) examined how a community garden provides children in an urban setting the…

  17. Parents' Experiences with Childhood Deafness: Implications for Family-Centered Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Carla Wood; Traub, Randi J.; Turnbull, Ann P.

    2008-01-01

    In response to the need for family-centered follow-up, this study examined parents' experiences with deafness after early identification. Qualitative inquiry methods were used to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of nine parents of children identified with severe to profound deafness. Parents participated in face-to-face…

  18. Supporting flight data analysis for Space Shuttle Orbiter experiments at NASA Ames Research Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Green, M. J.; Budnick, M. P.; Yang, L.; Chiasson, M. P.

    1983-01-01

    The space shuttle orbiter experiments program is responsible for collecting flight data to extend the research and technology base for future aerospace vehicle design. The infrared imagery of shuttle (IRIS), catalytic surface effects, and tile gap heating experiments sponsored by Ames Research Center are part of this program. The software required to process the flight data which support these experiments is described. In addition, data analysis techniques, developed in support of the IRIS experiment, are discussed. Using the flight data base, the techniques provide information useful in analyzing and correcting problems with the experiment, and in interpreting the IRIS image obtained during the entry of the third shuttle mission.

  19. A health center controlled network's experience in ambulatory care EHR implementation.

    PubMed

    Egleson, Nick; Kang, Jennifer H; Collymore, David; Esmond, Warria; Gonzalez, Lydia; Pong, Perry; Sherman, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Implementing a full-featured EHR at a community health center is a daunting undertaking. Stakeholder buy-in, contract negotiation, workflow redesign, equipment purchases, preloading charts and trainings are just some of the necessary tasks in managing an implementation. METCHIT, a health center controlled network, used a collaborative approach to implement electronic medical records. This article will cover the experience, benefits and lessons learned by a group of four FQHCs that took a cooperative, mentorship approach to implementation. Since 2005, the four community health centers, Charles B. Wang Community Health Center, Morris Heights Health Center, Settlement Health, and Comprehensive Community Development Corporation, have implemented EHRs at four organizations with multiple sites in diverse neighborhoods in New York City. The collaboration began and grew during this period, aided by a technology grant from HRSA.

  20. Core-centering of compound drops in capillary oscillations: Observations on USML-1 experiments in space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Taylor G.; Anikumar, A. V.; Lee, C. P.; Lin, K. C.

    1994-01-01

    AA Using the existing inviscid theories, an attempt is made to explain the centering of the oscillating liquid shell. Experiments on liquid shells and liquid-core compound drops were conducted using acoustic levitation, in a low-gravity environment during a Space Shuttle flight. It was observed that their inner and outer interfaces became concentric when excited into capillary oscillations. Using the existing inviscid theories, and attempt is made to explain the centering of the oscillating liquid shell. It is concluded that viscosity needs to be considered in order to provide a realistic description of the centering process.

  1. The experience of Latino parents of hospitalized children during family-centered rounds.

    PubMed

    Walker-Vischer, Lisa; Hill, Constance; Mendez, Suzanne S

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study is to describe the experience of Latino parents of hospitalized children during family-centered rounds (FCRs). Family-centered rounds provide a mechanism to exchange information and facilitate shared decision making. Latino parents may have a suboptimal experience during FCRs. Understanding this experience helps nurse leaders improve patient satisfaction. Using a convenience sample, written surveys in Spanish were given to 20 parents who had attended at least 2 FCRs. The surveys were translated into English for data analysis. The narrative data were analyzed for common themes using content analysis. Four themes were identified: valued perception, inclusion and care, facilitated communication, and meeting expectations. Parents in this study felt that their participation and input were valued and that these positively impacted care. Family-centered rounds helped them understand the plan and facilitated communication when done in Spanish. Nurse leaders play a key role in improving satisfaction and increasing access to translation services or bilingual staff.

  2. Infant mental health programs: Experimenting with innovative models-One center's experience with new program funding.

    PubMed

    Bohr, Yvonne

    2005-09-01

    This article describes one child and family treatment center's process of creating a long-awaited, new infant/child early intervention program. An experimental service model is discussed in the context of the need for empirically validated assessment and intervention for very young clients in high-risk families. Case examples and illustrations of service flow are provided. Some features of this program, such as the fact that it was set up for a seamless transition to a treatment research project, are highlighted. Copyright © 2005 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.

  3. Establishment and furnishing of the Photovoltaic Center for the Southwest Residential Experiment Station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zwibel, H. S.; Schaefer, J. F.

    1982-04-01

    A building to serve as the operations, data gathering, and administrative complex and visitor center for the Southwest Residential Experiment Station (SW RES) was designed, constructed, and furnished as a cost-shared portion of a multiyear effort by the New Mexico Solar Energy Institute to establish and operate the SW RES for the Department of Energy National Photovoltaic Center Program. The 3000-square-foot building, called the Photovoltaic Center, houses a Visitor Center, shop area, offices, rest rooms, and a large data collection room. The passive solar design includes Earth berms, glazing along the southwest wall of the building and thermal mass in 55-gallon drums filled with water to store heat from solar radiation entering the building. The building is located on the New Mexico State University campus in Las Cruces.

  4. CENTER DIRECTOR RICHARD SMITH AND OTHER PERSONNEL OBSERVE SPACELAB 1 MODULE AND EXPERIMENT PALLET HO

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    CENTER DIRECTOR RICHARD SMITH AND OTHER PERSONNEL OBSERVE SPACELAB 1 MODULE AND EXPERIMENT PALLET HO KSC-383C-2860.02 P-16225,ARCHIVE-03951 Spacelab 1 module and its attached pallet are hoisted out of the payload canister, over the work stands and into the cargo bay of the Columbia.

  5. An Exploration of Student Experiences with Learner-Centered Instructional Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stefaniak, Jill E.; Tracey, Monica W.

    2015-01-01

    In this exploratory study, we examined how undergraduate students experience learning in a learner-centered teaching environment and their perceptions of motivation towards learning material in an introductory public speaking communications course. Six faculty members participated in a semester-long study where their teaching strategies were…

  6. The Cispus Experience: A Curriculum Guide for the Cispus Learning Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Washington School Principals, Olympia.

    This curriculum guide presents lesson plans for outdoor and environmental education at the Cispus Learning Center, a camp in Randle, Washington. Objectives for the Cispus experience cover student learning of content, socialization as a team member, development of aesthetic awareness of nature and art, and increased physical wellness. Lesson plans…

  7. [Management of Grave's disease in the tropics (experience at Bouffard Army Hospital Center in Djibouti].

    PubMed

    Coulet, O; Kraemer, P; Leyral, G; Cloatre, G

    2004-01-01

    Based on their experience in managing Grave's disease at the Bouffard Army Hospital Center within the local health care context in Djibouti, the authors advocate surgery as the first line treatment. Medical and economical factors supporting this preference are discussed so that readers can adapt them to his own local context.

  8. Leaders' Experiences with High School-College Writing Center Collaborations: A Qualitative Multiple-Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Story, Julie A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative multiple-case study was to explore academic leaders' experiences with the organizational elements of their own high school-college writing center collaborations. Conjoining theories framed this study: collaborative leadership theory, Kenneth Bruffee's notion of social constructionism and collaborative learning…

  9. High School Students' Experiences of Bullying and Victimization and the Association with School Health Center Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Catherine; Deardorff, Julianna; Lahiff, Maureen; Soleimanpour, Samira; Sakashita, Kimi; Brindis, Claire D.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Bullying and victimization are ongoing concerns in schools. School health centers (SHCs) are well situated to support affected students because they provide crisis intervention, mental health care, and broader interventions to improve school climate. This study examined the association between urban adolescents' experiences of…

  10. Leaders' Experiences with High School-College Writing Center Collaborations: A Qualitative Multiple-Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Story, Julie A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative multiple-case study was to explore academic leaders' experiences with the organizational elements of their own high school-college writing center collaborations. Conjoining theories framed this study: collaborative leadership theory, Kenneth Bruffee's notion of social constructionism and collaborative learning…

  11. The Cispus Experience: A Curriculum Guide for the Cispus Learning Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Washington School Principals, Olympia.

    This curriculum guide presents lesson plans for outdoor and environmental education at the Cispus Learning Center, a camp in Randle, Washington. Objectives for the Cispus experience cover student learning of content, socialization as a team member, development of aesthetic awareness of nature and art, and increased physical wellness. Lesson plans…

  12. High School Students' Experiences of Bullying and Victimization and the Association with School Health Center Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Catherine; Deardorff, Julianna; Lahiff, Maureen; Soleimanpour, Samira; Sakashita, Kimi; Brindis, Claire D.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Bullying and victimization are ongoing concerns in schools. School health centers (SHCs) are well situated to support affected students because they provide crisis intervention, mental health care, and broader interventions to improve school climate. This study examined the association between urban adolescents' experiences of…

  13. A Qualitative Study of Information Technology Managers' Experiences and Perceptions Regarding Outsourced Data Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Eric Justin

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study explored the perceptions and experiences of IT Managers in publicly traded companies within the San Antonio, Texas area about outsourced data centers. Narrative data was collected using open-ended questions and face-to-face interviews within semi-structured environments. The research questions guided the study: (1)…

  14. Individual Differences and the Conundrums of User-Centered Design: Two Experiments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Bryce

    2000-01-01

    Discusses individual differences between users of information systems that can influence search performance, and describes two experiments that addressed user-centered design of information systems. Highlights include interaction between cognitive abilities and design features; compensation and capitalization perspectives; recall and precision;…

  15. A Qualitative Study of Information Technology Managers' Experiences and Perceptions Regarding Outsourced Data Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Eric Justin

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study explored the perceptions and experiences of IT Managers in publicly traded companies within the San Antonio, Texas area about outsourced data centers. Narrative data was collected using open-ended questions and face-to-face interviews within semi-structured environments. The research questions guided the study: (1)…

  16. Parent Perspectives on How a Child-Centered Preschool Experience Shapes Children's Navigation of Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Recchia, Susan; Bentley, Dana Frantz

    2013-01-01

    The authors used qualitative case study methodology to explore parents' perceptions of their children's readiness for kindergarten. The authors interviewed parents, focusing on their children's experiences during their transition from a child-centered, play-based preschool setting guided by an emergent curriculum into a range of diverse…

  17. Implementing a Veteran-Centered Community Health Clinical Experience in a Baccalaureate Nursing Program.

    PubMed

    Champlin, Barbara E; Kunkel, Dorcas Elisabeth

    2017-03-01

    In a baccalaureate nursing curriculum, students focused on the unique health care needs of veterans and their families. The learning experiences aimed to equip them with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) to provide holistic relation-centered care to veterans and their families. The clinical course integrated the findings of several veteran-centered publications and the American Association of Colleges of Nursing veteran-centered resources. Formative and summative anecdotal information was gathered in the learning experience during weekly postclinical discussions, course assignments, and a seminar after completion of the experience. Three noteworthy themes stand out: Increased Descriptions of Resources and Services Available to Veterans and Their Families, Increased Expressions of the Complex Health Care Needs of Veterans, and Increasing Recognition of the Autonomous Nature of the Community Health Nursing Role. Early indicators are that this community health field work experience will be sustainable into the future. The academic institution and clinical partner remain committed to working together to provide meaningful learning opportunities to students. Students completed the experience with increased KSAs and a beginning orientation to the Veterans Affairs Health Care System. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(3):186-190.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  18. Gunshot wounds to the face: level I urban trauma center: a 10-year level I urban trauma center experience.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Clifford; Boyd, J Brian; Dickenson, Brian; Putnam, Brant

    2012-04-01

    Gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the face are an infrequent occurrence outside of a war zone. However, when they occur, they constitute a significant reconstructive challenge. We present our 10-year experience at an urban level I trauma center to define the patterns of injury, assess the morbidity and mortality, and estimate the cost to the health care system. A retrospective review was performed on all patients admitted to Harbor-UCLA Medical Center with GSWs to the head and neck region between January 1997 and January 2007. Those who had sustained GSWs to the face requiring operative intervention were closely reviewed. Between 1997 and 2007, a total of 702 patients were admitted to the Harbor UCLA Emergency Department having sustained GSWs to the head and neck region, of which 501 patients survived. Of the survivors, 28 patients (26 male, 2 female) sustained GSWs to their face requiring operative intervention. The mean age of these patients was 28 (±8.3) years. They generally presented within a few hours of the injury, but 1 individual arrived over 24 hours later. Low-velocity single gunshots (from handguns) were predominantly involved, with facial fractures occurring in all cases. Fractures were of a localized shattering type without the major displacement of bony complexes seen in motor vehicle accidents. Most required wound debridement and fracture fixation. A few patients (14.2%) underwent free tissue transfer for reconstruction (3 fibular flaps, 1 TRAM). Tracheostomy was performed in 35.7% of patients. Mean length of hospital stay was 8.3 (±7.1) days, with 50% of cases requiring admission to the intensive care unit. Mean length of intensive care unit stay was 5.2 (±5.7) days. The average cost per patient exceeded $100,000.

  19. Mass storage system experiences and future needs at the National Center for Atmospheric Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Olear, Bernard T.

    1991-01-01

    A summary and viewgraphs of a discussion presented at the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) Mass Storage Workshop is included. Some of the experiences of the Scientific Computing Division at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) dealing the the 'data problem' are discussed. A brief history and a development of some basic mass storage system (MSS) principles are given. An attempt is made to show how these principles apply to the integration of various components into NCAR's MSS. Future MSS needs for future computing environments is discussed.

  20. NASA Glenn Research Center Solar Cell Experiment Onboard the International Space Station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Myers, Matthew G.; Wolford, David S.; Prokop, Norman F.; Krasowski, Michael J.; Parker, David S.; Cassidy, Justin C.; Davies , William E.; Vorreiter, Janelle O.; Piszczor, Michael F.; Mcnatt, Jeremiah S.; hide

    2016-01-01

    Accurate air mass zero (AM0) measurement is essential for the evaluation of new photovoltaic (PV) technology for space solar cells. The NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has flown an experiment designed to measure the electrical performance of several solar cells onboard NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's (GSFC) Robotic Refueling Missions (RRM) Task Board 4 (TB4) on the exterior of the International Space Station (ISS). Four industry and government partners provided advanced PV devices for measurement and orbital environment testing. The experiment was positioned on the exterior of the station for approximately eight months, and was completely self-contained, providing its own power and internal data storage. Several new cell technologies including four-junction (4J) Inverted Metamorphic Multi-junction (IMM) cells were evaluated and the results will be compared to ground-based measurement methods.

  1. An Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience in a Student-Staffed Medication Therapy Management Call Center

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Anna M.; Roane, Teresa E.; Mistry, Reena

    2012-01-01

    Objective. To describe the implementation of an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in medication therapy management (MTM) designed to contribute to student pharmacists’ confidence and abilities in providing MTM. Design. Sixty-four student pharmacists provided MTM services during an APPE in a communication and care center. Assessment. Students conducted 1,495 comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) identifying 6,056 medication-related problems. Ninety-eight percent of the students who completed a survey instrument (52 of 53) following the APPE expressed that they had the necessary knowledge and skills to provide MTM services. Most respondents felt that pharmacist participation in providing Medicare MTM could move the profession of pharmacy forward and that pharmacists will have some role in deciding the specific provisions of the Medicare MTM program (92% and 91%, respectively). Conclusion. Students completing the MTM APPE received patient-centered experiences that supplemented their confidence, knowledge, and skill in providing MTM services in the future. PMID:22919086

  2. Preliminary Pioneer 10 encounter results from the Ames Research Center plasma analyzer experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolfe, J. H.; Collard, H. R.; Mihalov, J. D.; Intriligator, D. S.

    1974-01-01

    Preliminary results from the Ames Research Center plasma analyzer experiment for the Pioneer 10 Jupiter encounter indicate that Jupiter has a detached bow shock and magnetopause similar to the case at Earth but much larger in spatial extent. In contrast to Earth, Jupiter's outer magnetosphere appears to be highly inflated by thermal plasma and therefore highly responsive in size to changes in solar wind dynamic pressure.

  3. Military and veteran family-centered preventive interventions and care: making meaning of experiences over time.

    PubMed

    Beardslee, William R

    2013-09-01

    This commentary discusses key themes in four conceptually related papers in this special issue on military families. Individually, the papers highlight the importance of the experiences of young children, the vital role of family narratives, the need for effective communication in families with a combat-injured member, and the need to understand the many dimensions of grieving and loss. Taken together, they compellingly make the case for family-centered care approaches and interventions. They also emphasize the need for families to understand and make meaning together of the experiences they have undergone and that this is a long-term, ongoing, dynamic, and interactive process.

  4. The Experience of Perinatal Care at a Birthing Center: A Qualitative Pilot Study

    PubMed Central

    Pewitt, Amber T.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative descriptive pilot study was to describe women's experiences of care and satisfaction at a freestanding birth center. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with seven women who had given birth within 12 months of participant selection. Using qualitative content analysis, three themes emerged: (1) Empowerment, (2) Sense of Motherhood, and (3) Establishing and Strengthening Relationships. Data revealed that women value caring providers, that caring providers may affect positive outcomes, and that those outcomes may lead to a satisfactory experience. PMID:19436419

  5. A qualitative study of the experience of CenteringPregnancy group prenatal care for physicians

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This study sought to understand the central meaning of the experience of group prenatal care for physicians who were involved in providing CenteringPregnancy through a maternity clinic in Calgary, Canada. Method The study followed the phenomenological qualitative tradition. Three physicians involved in group prenatal care participated in a one-on-one interview between November and December 2009. Two physicians participated in verification sessions. Interviews followed an open ended general guide and were audio recorded and transcribed. The purpose of the analysis was to identify meaning themes and the core meaning experienced by the physicians. Results Six themes emerged: (1) having a greater exchange of information, (2) getting to knowing, (3) seeing women get to know and support each other, (4) sharing ownership of care, (5) having more time, and (6) experiencing enjoyment and satisfaction in providing care. These themes contributed to the core meaning for physicians of “providing richer care.” Conclusions Physicians perceived providing better care and a better professional experience through CenteringPregnancy compared to their experience of individual prenatal care. Thus, CenteringPregnancy could improve work place satisfaction, increase retention of providers in maternity care, and improve health care for women. PMID:23445867

  6. [First Hungarian experience with pazopanib therapy for patients with metastatic renal cancer].

    PubMed

    Maráz, Anikó; Bodrogi, István; Csejtei, András; Dank, Magdolna; Géczi, Lajos; Küronya, Zsófia; Mangel, László; Petrányi, Agota; Szûcs, Miklós; Bodoky, György

    2013-09-01

    Pazopanib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is one of the new registered first-line therapeutic options in the treatment of metastatic clear cell renal carcinoma. Our aim was to evaluate the efficiency and toxicity of first-line pazopanib therapy administered for patients with metastatic clear cell renal carcinoma with good- and medium prognosis according to MSKCC criteria. Between January and May, 2011, 24 patients have been treated with pazopanib in 8 oncology centers in Hungary, out of them 21 patients' data were analyzed. The mean age was 65.3 (49-81) years, 10 males and 11 females. According to MSKCC the prognosis was good and medium in 3 and 18 cases, respectively. Daily dose of pazopanib was 800 mg administered continuously in 28 day cycles. Dose reduction was performed according to the instructions of the registration study. Tumor response was evaluated according to RECIST 1.0. Currently 6 (28.6%) patients are on treatment. Dose reduction was necessary in 6 (28.6%) cases with an average duration of 14.55 (7-150) days. Mean±SE daily dose was 692.97±13.67 (400-800) mg. Median PFS was 12.41 months (95% CI 11.52-12.94 months). Complete remission (CR), as the best tumor response occurred in 2 (9.5%) cases. Partial remission (PR), stable disease (SD) and progression was observed in 6 (28.6%), 10 (47.6%) and 3 (14.3%) cases, respectively. Objective tumor response was observed in 8 pts (38%). Median survival could not be statistically analyzed yet due to the insignificant number of fatal outcomes. Median follow-up was 25.22 months (95% CI 2.47-28.1 months). As common side-effect fatigue, weakness and diarrhea occurred in 11 (52.4%), 9 (42.9%) and 8 (38%) cases, respectively. Besides these, worsening of high blood pressure and ALT/AST elevation was observed in 5 (23.8%) and 6 (28.6%) cases, respectively. Based on the initial Hungarian experiences, pazopanib is a well tolerable product and can be administered safely. According to our results its efficiency in terms of

  7. Evaluation of mode equivalence of the MSKCC Bowel Function Instrument, LASA Quality of Life, and Subjective Significance Questionnaire items administered by Web, interactive voice response system (IVRS), and paper.

    PubMed

    Bennett, Antonia V; Keenoy, Kathleen; Shouery, Marwan; Basch, Ethan; Temple, Larissa K

    2016-05-01

    To assess the equivalence of patient-reported outcome (PRO) survey responses across Web, interactive voice response system (IVRS), and paper modes of administration. Postoperative colorectal cancer patients with home Web/e-mail and phone were randomly assigned to one of the eight study groups: Groups 1-6 completed the survey via Web, IVRS, and paper, in one of the six possible orders; Groups 7-8 completed the survey twice, either by Web or by IVRS. The 20-item survey, including the MSKCC Bowel Function Instrument (BFI), the LASA Quality of Life (QOL) scale, and the Subjective Significance Questionnaire (SSQ) adapted to bowel function, was completed from home on consecutive days. Mode equivalence was assessed by comparison of mean scores across modes and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and was compared to the test-retest reliability of Web and IVRS. Of 170 patients, 157 completed at least one survey and were included in analysis. Patients had mean age 56 (SD = 11), 53% were male, 81% white, 53% colon, and 47% rectal cancer; 78% completed all assigned surveys. Mean scores for BFI total score, BFI subscale scores, LASA QOL, and adapted SSQ varied by mode by less than one-third of a score point. ICCs across mode were: BFI total score (Web-paper = 0.96, Web-IVRS = 0.97, paper-IVRS = 0.97); BFI subscales (range = 0.88-0.98); LASA QOL (Web-paper = 0.98, Web-IVRS = 0.78, paper-IVRS = 0.80); and SSQ (Web-paper = 0.92, Web-IVRS = 0.86, paper-IVRS = 0.79). Mode equivalence was demonstrated for the BFI total score, BFI subscales, LASA QOL, and adapted SSQ, supporting the use of multiple modes of PRO data capture in clinical trials.

  8. Enriching patient-centered care in serious illness: a focus on patients' experiences of agency.

    PubMed

    Montgomery, Kathleen; Little, Miles

    2011-09-01

    Following models of patient-centered care, including respecting patients' preferences and enabling patients (and their families) to participate in directing their own care, is especially difficult when providing care to cancer patients undergoing complex, aggressive therapy, when their capabilities are diminished. In this context, patient-centered care can be enriched when health care providers develop a deeper awareness of and appreciation for the multiple ways in which patients experience agency-defined as the capacity to make a difference-as both the initiators and the recipients of others' agency. Qualitative data were collected between 2006 and 2008 in sixty-nine narrative interviews with both a panel of ten patients undergoing aggressive inpatient cancer therapy (autologous stem-cell therapy) and their lay caregivers. Data were analyzed using an interpretative approach and guided by a conceptual framework derived from recent sociological literature on agency. We examined agency experiences through three distinct lenses: (1) the nature of the actors (both human and nonhuman), (2) the nature of the actions, and (3) the nature of the domains for action. The actors were individuals and teams, drugs and technologies, and the cancer itself. Actions could be initiated or received by the patients and included fighting and violating as well as comforting and healing. Domains were the patients' bodies, the health care system, and the patients' everyday worlds. In several instances, the same phenomena can be examined through more than one lens of agency, drawing attention to different aspects of the patients' experiences. Taken together, the lenses form a comprehensive picture of patients' experiences of agency. This three-lens perspective can be a valuable template for health care professionals and policymakers to use in better understanding the experiences of patients in constrained circumstances. We propose that its use is a fruitful and promising contribution to

  9. NASA Glenn Research Center's Materials International Space Station Experiments (MISSE 1-7)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    deGroh, Kim K.; Banks, Bruce a.; Dever, Joyce A.; Jaworske, Donald A.; Miller, Sharon K.; Sechkar, Edward A.; Panko, Scott R.

    2008-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center (Glenn) has 39 individual materials flight experiments (>540 samples) flown as part of the Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE) to address long duration environmental durability of spacecraft materials in low Earth orbit (LEO). MISSE is a series of materials flight experiments consisting of trays, called Passive Experiment Carriers (PECs) that are exposed to the space environment on the exterior of the International Space Station (ISS). MISSE 1-5 have been successfully flown and retrieved and were exposed to the space environment from one to four years. MISSE 6A & 6B were deployed during the STS-123 shuttle mission in March 2008, and MISSE 7A & 7B are being prepared for launch in 2009. The Glenn MISSE experiments address atomic oxygen (AO) effects such as erosion and undercutting of polymers, AO scattering, stress effects on AO erosion, and in-situ AO fluence monitoring. Experiments also address solar radiation effects such as radiation induced polymer shrinkage, stress effects on radiation degradation of polymers, and radiation degradation of indium tin oxide (ITO) coatings and spacesuit fabrics. Additional experiments address combined AO and solar radiation effects on thermal control films, paints and cermet coatings. Experiments with Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) seals and UltraFlex solar array materials are also being flown. Several experiments were designed to provide ground-facility to in-space calibration data thus enabling more accurate in-space performance predictions based on ground-laboratory testing. This paper provides an overview of Glenn s MISSE 1-7 flight experiments along with a summary of results from Glenn s MISSE 1 & 2 experiments.

  10. Experience with interstitial implantation of iodine 125 in the treatment of prostatic carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Sogani, P C; Whitmore, W F; Hilaris, B S; Batata, M A

    1980-01-01

    Between February 1970 and April 1977 300 patients with localized prostatic carcinoma were treated with I-125 implantation and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC). 68% had clinical Stage B (T-1 and T-2) and 32% had Stage C (T-3) neoplasms. Pelvic lymph nodes were histologically positive in 38% of the patients. Five-year survival for all patients was 73%. Five-year survival for Stage B disease was 100% and Stage C 65%. Lymph node metastases implied a poor prognosis. While 92% of patients with negative nodes survived five years, only 46% of the patients with positive nodes did so. Supplemental external radiation to pelvic and periaortic region in 28 patients with positive nodes did not improve survival or disease free interval or reduce distal or local recurrence but rather increased the incidence of radiation morbidity. The complications and morbidity as a consequence of I-125 implantation are minimal. The ultimate role of I-125 implantation in the management of localized prostatic cancer is yet to be determined. The early experience with this technique, however, suggests that it may be as effective as alternative modalities for comparable stages in terms of patient survival and may prove superior in terms of the quality of survival.

  11. Financial Planning for Military Child Care Centers: A Guidebook Based on the Experiences of the Fort Lewis Child Care Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (DOD), Washington, DC.

    Good record keeping--along with a constant and detailed knowledge of expenses, income, profit, and loss--is the first step toward profitable management of a child care center. Good record keeping is especially important in a center that provides "drop-in" or occasional care because income may fluctuate greatly as a result of the variable…

  12. Vascular trauma in Colombia: experience of a level I trauma center in Medellín.

    PubMed

    Morales-Uribe, Carlos H; Sanabria-Quiroga, Alvaro E; Sierra-Jones, Juan M

    2002-02-01

    Trauma has become a major health problem in Colombia. The large number of trauma patients has made San Vicente de Paul Hospital of Medellín a major national referred trauma center. Under-reporting is a major problem in Colombia, as in other underdeveloped countries, because of the absence of automated information systems. Despite this and limited financial health resources, time to definitive treatment, morbidity, and mortality are similar to those of centers in developed countries. This article has covered the authors' experience with vascular injuries over a period of 5 years, representing 664 patients; the results were shown in this article. In addition, advances made in the development of new tools for the diagnosis of vascular trauma, such as helical CT angiography, were discussed.

  13. A public health training center experience: professional continuing education at schools of public health.

    PubMed

    Potter, Margaret A; Fertman, Carl I; Eggleston, Molly M; Holtzhauer, Frank; Pearsol, Joanne

    2008-01-01

    The Public Health Training Center (PHTC) national program was first established at accredited schools of public health in 2000. The PHTC program used the US Health Resources and Services Administration's grants to build workforce development programs, attracting schools as training providers and the workforce as training clients. This article is a reflection on the experience of two schools, whose partnership supported one of the PHTCs, for the purpose of opening a conversation about the future of continuing education throughout schools and degree programs of public health. This partnership, the Pennsylvania & Ohio Public Health Training Center (POPHTC), concentrated its funding on more intensive training of public healthcare workers through a relatively narrow inventory of courses that were delivered typically in-person rather than by distance-learning technologies. This approach responded to the assessed needs and preferences of the POPHTC's workforce population. POPHTC's experience may not be typical among the PHTCs nationally, but the collective experience of all PHTCs is instructive to schools of public health as they work to meet an increasing demand for continuing education from the public health workforce.

  14. Review of operational experience drilling wells through an underwater manifold center

    SciTech Connect

    Hodgson, R.K.

    1986-12-01

    Drilling techniques required for such developments as the Shell/Esso Central Cormorant development-which is now more than halfway through its drilling and completion phase-differ substantially from normal drilling practices. These differences are reviewed, and the constraints and procedures required to ensure safe and parallel drilling/completion operations in conjunction with the Underwater Manifold Center (UMC) production are explained. Other areas of experience discussed are the weather influence on operations, deviated drilling from a semisubmersible, rig anchoring, and underwater surveillance.

  15. Pediatric Vascular Surgery Review with a 30-Year-Experience in a Tertiary Referral Center

    PubMed Central

    Min, Seung-Kee; Cho, Sungsin; Kim, Hyun-Young; Kim, Sang Joon

    2017-01-01

    Pediatric vascular disease is rare, and remains a big challenge to vascular surgeons. In contrast to adults, surgery for pediatric vascular disease is complicated by issues related to small size, future growth, and availability of suitable vascular conduit. During the last 30 years, 131 major vascular operations were performed in a tertiary referral center, Seoul National University Hospital, including aortoiliac aneurysm, acute or chronic arterial occlusion, renovascular hypertension, portal venous hypertension, trauma, tumor invasion to major abdominal vessels, and others. Herein we review on the important pediatric vascular diseases and share our clinical experiences on these rare diseases. PMID:28690995

  16. Parent and Provider Experience and Shared Understanding After a Family-Centered Nighttime Communication Intervention.

    PubMed

    Khan, Alisa; Baird, Jennifer; Rogers, Jayne E; Furtak, Stephannie L; Williams, Kathryn A; Allair, Brenda; Litterer, Katherine P; Sharma, Meesha; Smith, Alla; Schuster, Mark A; Landrigan, Christopher P

    To assess parent and provider experience and shared understanding after a family-centered, multidisciplinary nighttime communication intervention (nurse-physician brief, family huddle, family update sheet). We performed a prospective intervention study at a children's hospital from May 2013 to October 2013 (preintervention period) and May 2014 to October 2014 (postintervention period). Participants included 464 parents, 176 nurses, and 52 resident physicians of 582 hospitalized 0- to 17-year-old patients. Pre- versus postintervention, we compared parent/provider top-box scores (eg, "excellent") for experience with communication across several domains; and level of agreement (shared understanding) between parent, nurse, and resident reports of patients' reason for admission, overnight medical plan, and overall medical plan, as rated independently by blinded clinician reviewers (agreement = 74.7%, kappa = .60). Top-box parent experience improved for 1 of 4 domains: Experience and Communication With Nighttime Doctors (23.6% to 31.5%). Top-box provider experience improved for all 3 domains, including Communication and Shared Understanding With Families (resident rated, 16.5% to 35.1%; nurse rated, 32.2% to 37.9%) and Experience, Communication, and Shared Understanding With Other Providers (resident rated, 20.3% to 35.0%; nurse rated, 14.7% to 21.5%). Independently rated shared understanding remained unchanged for most domains but improved for parent-nurse composite shared understanding (summed agreement for reason for admission, overall plan, and overnight plan; 36.2% to 48.2%) and nurse-resident shared understanding regarding reason for admission (67.1% to 71.2%) and regarding overall medical plan (45.0% to 58.6%). All P <.05. A family-centered, multidisciplinary nighttime communication intervention was associated with improvements in some, but not all, domains of parent/provider experience and shared understanding, particularly provider experience and nurse

  17. Experiment and molecular dynamics simulation of nanoindentation of body centered cubic iron.

    PubMed

    Lu, Cheng; Gao, Yuan; Michal, Guillaume; Deng, Guanyu; Huynh, Nam N; Zhu, Hongtao; Liu, Xianghua; Tieu, Anh Kiet

    2009-12-01

    Experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been conducted to investigate the nanoindentation behaviours of iron with body centered cubic (BCC) structure. The experiments show that the indentation hardness decreases with the indentation depth and it changes sharply for a small depth. Two cases with different crystallographic orientations have been simulated. The indentation plane is (010) for Case I and (111) for Case II, respectively. The calculated harness (17.4 GPa for Case I and 22.6 GPa for Case II) are in reasonable agreement with the experimental value (24.2 GPa). The simulation results show that the crystallographic orientation significantly influences the indentation deformation. Case I and Case II exhibit different deformation patterns. The indentation force and the hardness in Case I are smaller than Case II. It is also found that the pileup around the indenter is mainly formed along [110] direction for both cases.

  18. An experience of liver transplantation in Latin America: a medical center in Colombia

    PubMed Central

    Londoño, Mauricio; Marín, Juan; Muñoz, Octavio; Mena, Álvaro; Guzmán, Carlos; Hoyos, Sergio; Restrepo, Juan; Arbeláez, María; Correa, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice for acute and chronic liver failure, for selected cases of tumors, and for conditions resulting from errors in metabolism. This paper reports the experience of a medical center in Latin America. Methods: Were conducted 305 orthotopic liver transplantations on 284 patients between 2004 and 2010. Of these patients, 241 were adults undergoing their first transplantation. Results: The average age of patients was 52 years old, and 62% of the individuals were male. The most common indication was alcoholic cirrhosis. The rate of patient survival after 1 and 5 years was 82 and 72% respectively. The rate of liver graft survival after 1 and 5 years was 78 and 68% respectively. The main cause of death was sepsis. Complications in the hepatic artery were documented for 5% of the patients. Additionally, 14.5% of the patients had complications in the biliary tract. Infections were found in 41% of the individuals. Acute rejection was observed in 30% of the subjects, and chronic rejection in 3%. Conclusion: In conclusion, liver transplantation at our medical center in Colombia offers good mid-term results, with a complication rate similar to that reported by other centers around the world. PMID:26019379

  19. Endovascular repair of thoracic and abdominal aortic ruptures: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    İslim, Filiz; Erbahçeci Salık, Aysun; Güven, Koray; Bakuy, Vedat; Çukurova, Zafer

    2014-01-01

    We aimed to present our preliminary single-center experience of the endovascular management of thoracic and abdominal aortic ruptures. Between September 2010 and May 2012, 11 consecutive patients (nine males, two females; age range, 26-80 years) with thoracic and abdominal aortic ruptures underwent endovascular repair in our unit. Thoracoabdominal computed tomography (CT) angiography was performed for diagnosis and follow-up. Patients were selected for endovascular repair by a cardiovascular surgeon, anesthesiologist, and interventional radiologist. All repairs were performed using commercially available stent-grafts. The patients were followed up with CT angiography before discharge, at six months, and yearly thereafter. Three patients died by day 30. One patient died due to an unsuccessful procedure and hemodynamic instability; two patients died because of comorbidities. The other eight patients were followed for six to 24 months after the procedure. No endoleaks or late ruptures were observed during the follow-up period. The patient with iatrogenic thoracic aortic rupture developed paraplegia after the procedure. Reduced mortality due to aortic rupture has been reported with the expanding use of endovascular repair. Reports of small centers are important because of the rarity of these pathologies, and because transferring patients with aortic rupture to a referral center is not usually possible.

  20. Health professionals’ experiences of person-centered collaboration in mental health care

    PubMed Central

    Sommerseth, Rita; Dysvik, Elin

    2008-01-01

    Objective The basic aim in this paper is to discuss health care professionals’ experiences of person-centered collaboration and involvement in mental health rehabilitation and suggest ways of improving this perspective. Furthermore, the paper explains the supportive systems that are at work throughout the process of rehabilitation. Method The study design is a qualitative approach using three focus group interviews with a total of 17 informants with different professional backgrounds such as nurses, social workers, and social pedagogies. In addition, one nurse and one social worker participated in a semi-structured in-depth interview to judge validity. Results Our results may demonstrate deficits concerning mental health care on several levels. This understanding suggests firstly, that a person-centered perspective and involvement still are uncommon. Secondly, multidisciplinary work seems uncommon and only sporadically follows recommendations. Thirdly, family support is seldom involved. Lastly, firm leadership and knowledge about laws and regulations seems not to be systematically integrated in daily care. Conclusion Taking these matters together, the improvement of a person-centered perspective implies cooperation between different services and levels in mental health care. In order to bring about improvement the health care workers must critically consider their own culture, coordination of competence must be increased, and leadership at an institutional and organizational level must be improved so that scarce rehabilitation resources are used to the optimal benefit of people with a mental illness. PMID:19920972

  1. Some Aspects of Crystal Centering During X-ray High-throughput Protein Crystallography Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaponov, Yu. A.; Matsugaki, N.; Sasajima, K.; Igarashi, N.; Wakatsuki, S.

    A set of algorithms and procedures of a crystal loop centering during X-ray high-throughput protein crystallography experiment has been designed and developed. A simple algorithm of the crystal loop detection and preliminary recognition has been designed and developed. The crystal loop detection algorithm is based on finding out the crystal loop ending point (opposite to the crystal loop pin) using image cross section (digital image column) profile analysis. The crystal loop preliminary recognition procedure is based on finding out the crystal loop sizes and position using image cross section profile analysis. The crystal loop fine recognition procedure based on Hooke-Jeeves pattern search method with an ellipse as a fitting pattern has been designed and developed. The procedure of restoring missing coordinate of the crystal loop is described. Based on developed algorithms and procedures the optimal auto-centering procedure has been designed and developed. A procedure of optimal manual crystal centering (Two Clicks Procedure) has been designed and developed. Developed procedures have been integrated into control software system PCCS installed at crystallography beamlines Photon Factory BL5A and PF-AR NW12, KEK.

  2. Microvascular free-tissue transfer. The Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center experience.

    PubMed

    Carlson, G W; Coleman, J J

    1989-04-01

    The entire microvascular tissue transfer experience from 1977 through 1987 at the Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center has been reviewed. Seventy-four free flaps were done in 68 patients. Assessable records were available in 52 patients who had 58 reconstructive procedures. The most frequently used flaps were jejunum in 15 patients (25.8%), latissimus dorsi in 11 patients (18.9%), rectus abdominis in eight patients (13.8%), and gracilis in seven patients (12.1%). Major complications occurred in 43.1% of the cases. Total flap loss occurred in eight patients (13.8%); from 1977 through 1982, four (28.6%) of 14 patients had total flap loss, and from 1983 through 1987, four (9.1%) had total flap loss. Partial flap loss occurred in four cases (6.9%). Of the 52 patients, 43 had their problems resolved expeditiously by free-tissue transfer. We conclude that in a university-affiliated Veterans Administration medical center, microvascular reconstruction is an important and necessary surgical tool. Failure rates have decreased markedly with time and increasing experience. Definition of new anatomic microvascular units for transfer has increased the number of reconstructive choices.

  3. Pharmacists' preferences for providing patient-centered services: a discrete choice experiment to guide health policy.

    PubMed

    Grindrod, Kelly A; Marra, Carlo A; Colley, Lindsey; Tsuyuki, Ross T; Lynd, Larry D

    2010-10-01

    In Canada, most pharmacists are not paid to provide patient-centered services. In other areas of the world these services have suffered from poor adoption by pharmacists. To determine pharmacists' preferences for providing patient-centered services. Senior pharmacy students and pharmacists in British Columbia and Alberta were recruited to complete a discrete choice experiment. In 18 different choice-sets, respondents were asked to choose 1 of 3 options that included 2 different hypothetical patient-centered services and a status quo option. For each hypothetical service, we described the following attributes: service type and setting, personal income and job satisfaction, professional fee, and educational requirements. Multinomial logit and latent class regression models determined respondents' relative preference weights for each attribute. Of 539 respondents who completed the questionnaire, 49% were dispensary pharmacists or managers, 12% were dispensary owners or regional managers, 21% were clinical pharmacists, and 16% were students. When choosing new services, respondents were very averse to having their personal income or job satisfaction decrease. They also preferred a higher professional fee for the service (to be paid to the pharmacy) and preferred a weeklong course or a preceptorship over no education before embarking on new services. Respondents also preferred medication or disease management services, were not interested in screening, and were averse to typical pharmacy services. Finally, respondents preferred the clinic setting over the dispensary. Preferences differed according to several factors including respondents' employment and time in practice. Pharmacists prefer to provide patient-centered services over typical pharmacy services. Most will need to be assured that their income and job satisfaction will be maintained or increased and that they will have access to suitable advanced education. Decision-makers should carefully consider these

  4. My personal experiences at the BEST Medical Center: A day in the clinic-the morning.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Philip R; Kurzrock, Razelle

    2016-01-01

    Dr. Ida Lystic is a gastroenterologist who trained at the OTHER (Owen T. Henry and Eugene Rutherford) Medical Center, after having completed her MD degree at the prestigious Harvey Medical School (recently renamed the Harvey Provider School). She accepted a faculty position at the BEST (Byron Edwards and Samuel Thompson) Medical Center. Dr. Lystic shares her experiences on a typical morning in gastroenterology clinic. Although her clinic start date was delayed by 2 months after becoming sick following a mandatory flu shot and having to complete more than 70 hours of compliance training modules, she is now familiar with the BEST system. Clinic scheduling priorities include ensuring that the staff can eat lunch together and depart at 5:00 pm. It is a continual challenge to find time to complete the electronic medical record after BEST changed from the SIMPLE (Succinct Input Making Patients Lives Electronic) system to LEGEND (referred to as Lengthy and Excessively Graded Evaluation and Nomenclature for Diagnosis by her colleagues). To maintain clinic punctuality, a compliance spreadsheet is e-mailed monthly to the Wait Time Committee. Their most recent corrective action plan for tardy physicians included placing egg timers on the doors and having nurses interrupt visits that exceed the allotted time. Administrative decisions have resulted in downsizing personnel. Patients are required to schedule their own tests and procedures and follow-up appointments-causing low patient satisfaction scores; however, the money saved lead to a large year-end bonus for the vice president of BEST Efficiency, who holds "providers" accountable for the poor patient experience. Although Dr. Ida Lystic and the gastroenterology clinic at "the BEST Medical Center" are creations of the authors' imagination, the majority of the anecdotes are based on actual events.

  5. Latino families' experiences with family-centered rounds at an academic children's hospital.

    PubMed

    Seltz, L Barry; Zimmer, Lorena; Ochoa-Nunez, Luis; Rustici, Matthew; Bryant, Lucinda; Fox, David

    2011-01-01

    To characterize Latino families' experiences with family-centered rounds at an academic children's hospital to identify areas for improvement. Five focus groups of families of Latino children hospitalized on a general medical ward were conducted in Spanish by a single bilingual facilitator. Participants were recruited from a convenience sample of Spanish-speaking Latino family members present at the patients' bedside. Data were transcribed verbatim, content coded, and analyzed in Spanish for emergent themes. Twenty-eight Latino family members of 21 hospitalized children participated in the 5 focus groups. Most spoke only Spanish (75%), and Spanish was the preferred language of all focus group participants. Qualitative data analysis indicated that families reported positive experiences with rounds involving a Spanish-speaking provider. Thematic issues focused on family-physician communication problems, lack of family empowerment, family and provider participants for family-centered rounds, and cultural needs. Parents were dissatisfied with telephonic interpretation services and preferred a live interpreter in the absence of a fluent, bilingual physician. Many families did not feel empowered to request interpretation assistance or health information; parents often felt embarrassed as a result of their inability to understand the primary language (English) of the care providers. Some parents felt inhibited to express themselves in the presence of other family members. Addressing cultural needs (e.g., chaplain support) was appreciated by families. Spanish-speaking Latino families are not consistently receiving optimal family-centered rounds. Different strategies are needed to fully engage and empower Latino families. Copyright © 2011 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Meaning in bone marrow transplant nurses' work: experiences before and after a "meaning-centered" intervention.

    PubMed

    Leung, Doris; Fillion, Lise; Duval, Stéphane; Brown, Jocelyn; Rodin, Gary; Howell, Doris

    2012-01-01

    When a clinical culture emphasizes cure, as in bone marrow transplantation (BMT) services, BMT nurses commonly experience enormous stress when patients are suffering or dying. In this context, it is unclear what meanings BMT nurses experience in their work and how they find meaning and sustain hope, given conflicting responsibilities to patients. This study aimed to explore BMT nurses' experiences of meaning and hope and the effects of a meaning-centered intervention (MCI) on these experiences using qualitative methodology. Fourteen BMT nurses engaged in a 5-session MCI, with 7 members each participating in 2 groups. Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted at 1 month before and after the intervention. Interpretive phenomenology guided data analysis. The BMT nurses in the Princess Margaret Hospital experienced meaning in their involvement with their patients' suffering. The MCI seemed to inspire participants to engage more with patients and their suffering. Three subthemes reflected this influence: (a) greater awareness of boundaries between their personal and professional involvement, (b) enhanced empathy from an awareness of a shared mortality, and (c) elevated hope when nurses linked patients' suffering with meaning. This study confirms that patients' suffering constitutes nurses' search for meaning and hope in their work. The MCI offers a way in which to actively support nurses in this process. Nurses can learn to be more responsive to patients' suffering beyond limits of cure. A minimal intervention, such as the MCI, supports BMT nurses in finding positive personal meaning and purpose in their otherwise highly stressful work culture.

  7. The Deep Impact Network Experiment Operations Center Monitor and Control System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Shin-Ywan (Cindy); Torgerson, J. Leigh; Schoolcraft, Joshua; Brenman, Yan

    2009-01-01

    The Interplanetary Overlay Network (ION) software at JPL is an implementation of Delay/Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) which has been proposed as an interplanetary protocol to support space communication. The JPL Deep Impact Network (DINET) is a technology development experiment intended to increase the technical readiness of the JPL implemented ION suite. The DINET Experiment Operations Center (EOC) developed by JPL's Protocol Technology Lab (PTL) was critical in accomplishing the experiment. EOC, containing all end nodes of simulated spaces and one administrative node, exercised publish and subscribe functions for payload data among all end nodes to verify the effectiveness of data exchange over ION protocol stacks. A Monitor and Control System was created and installed on the administrative node as a multi-tiered internet-based Web application to support the Deep Impact Network Experiment by allowing monitoring and analysis of the data delivery and statistics from ION. This Monitor and Control System includes the capability of receiving protocol status messages, classifying and storing status messages into a database from the ION simulation network, and providing web interfaces for viewing the live results in addition to interactive database queries.

  8. Group Violence and Migration Experience among Latin American Youths in Justice Enforcement Centers (Madrid, Spain).

    PubMed

    Martínez García, José Manuel; Martín López, María Jesús

    2015-10-30

    Group violence among Latin American immigrant youth has led to ongoing debates in political, legal, and media circles, yet none of those many perspectives has arrived at a solid, empirically supported definition for the phenomenon. This study aims to explore the relationship between the immigrant experience and violent group behavior in youths from Latin America serving prison sentences in Justice Enforcement Centers in the Community of Madrid. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 juveniles, and content analysis was applied to the resulting transcripts, employing Grounded Theory to create an axial codification of intra- and inter-categorical contents, and Delphi panels for quality control. The research team delved into 62 topics, addressing participants' perceptions of the immigrant experience and its effects on five socialization settings (neighborhood, school, family, peer group, and significant other), and each one's relationship to violent behavior. The results led us to believe the young people's immigration experiences had been systematically examined. Their personal and social development was influenced by negative socioeconomic conditions, ineffective parental supervision, maladjustment and conflict at school, and experiences of marginalization and xenophobia. All those conditions favored affiliation with violent groups that provided them instrumental (economic and material), expressive, or affective support.

  9. Atmospheric monitoring of a perfluorocarbon tracer at the 2009 ZERT Center experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pekney, Natalie; Wells, Arthur; Rodney Diehl, J.; McNeil, Matthew; Lesko, Natalie; Armstrong, James; Ference, Robert

    2012-02-01

    Field experiments at Montana State University are conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy as part of the Zero Emissions Research and Technology Center (ZERT) to test and verify monitoring techniques for carbon capture and storage (CCS). A controlled release of CO 2 with an added perfluorocarbon tracer was conducted in July 2009 in a multi-laboratory study of atmospheric transport and detection technologies. Tracer plume dispersion was measured with various meteorological conditions using a tethered balloon system with Multi-Tube Remote Samplers (MTRS) at elevations of 10 m, 20 m, and 40 m above ground level (AGL), as well as a ground-based portable tower with monitors containing sorbent material to collect the tracer at 1 m, 2 m, 3 m, and 4 m AGL. Researchers designed a horizontal grid of sampling locations centered at the tracer plume source, with the tower positioned at 10 m and 30 m in both upwind and downwind directions, and the MTRS spaced at 50 m and 90 m downwind and 90 m upwind. Tracer was consistently detected at elevated concentrations at downwind sampling locations. With very few exceptions, higher tracer concentrations correlated with lower elevations. Researchers observed no statistical difference between sampling at 50 m and 90 m downwind at the same elevation. The US EPA AERMOD model applied using site-specific information predicted transport and dispersion of the tracer. Model results are compared to experimental data from the 2009 ZERT experiment. Successful characterization of the tracer plume simulated by the ZERT experiment is considered a step toward demonstrating the feasibility of remote sampling with unmanned aerial systems (UAS's) at future sequestration sites.

  10. Assessing exploitation experiences of girls and boys seen at a Child Advocacy Center

    PubMed Central

    Edinburgh, Laurel; Pape-Blabolil, Julie; Harpin, Scott B.; Saewyc, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    The primary aim of this study was to describe the abuse experiences of sexually exploited runaway adolescents seen at a Child Advocacy Center (N = 62). We also sought to identify risk behaviors, attributes of resiliency, laboratory results for sexually transmitted infection (STI) screens, and genital injuries from colposcopic exams. We used retrospective mixed-methods with in-depth forensic interviews, together with self-report survey responses, physical exams and chart data. Forensic interviews were analyzed using interpretive description analytical methods along domains of experience and meaning of sexual exploitation events. Univariate descriptive statistics characterized trauma responses and health risks. The first sexual exploitation events for many victims occurred as part of seemingly random encounters with procurers. Older adolescent or adult women recruited some youth working for a pimp. However, half the youth did not report a trafficker involved in setting up their exchange of sex for money, substances, or other types of consideration. 78% scored positive on the UCLA PTSD tool; 57% reported DSM IV criteria for problem substance use; 71% reported cutting behaviors, 75% suicidal ideation, and 50% had attempted suicide. Contrary to common depictions, youth may be solicited relatively quickly as runaways, yet exploitation is not always linked to having a pimp. Avoidant coping does not appear effective, as most patients exhibited significant symptoms of trauma. Awareness of variations in youth’s sexual exploitation experiences may help researchers and clinicians understand potential differences in sequelae, design effective treatment plans, and develop community prevention programs. PMID:25982287

  11. Training for life science experiments in space at the NASA Ames Research Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rodrigues, Annette T.; Maese, A. Christopher

    1993-01-01

    As this country prepares for exploration to other planets, the need to understand the affects of long duration exposure to microgravity is evident. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center's Space Life Sciences Payloads Office is responsible for a number of non-human life sciences payloads on NASA's Space Shuttle's Spacelab. Included in this responsibility is the training of those individuals who will be conducting the experiments during flight, the astronauts. Preparing a crew to conduct such experiments requires training protocols that build on simple tasks. Once a defined degree of performance proficiency is met for each task, these tasks are combined to increase the complexity of the activities. As tasks are combined into in-flight operations, they are subjected to time constraints and the crew enhances their skills through repetition. The science objectives must be completely understood by the crew and are critical to the overall training program. Completion of the in-flight activities is proof of success. Because the crew is exposed to the background of early research and plans for post-flight analyses, they have a vested interest in the flight activities. The salient features of this training approach is that it allows for flexibility in implementation, consideration of individual differences, and a greater ability to retain experiment information. This training approach offers another effective alternative training tool to existing methodologies.

  12. The Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) experiment reports 1993 run cycle. Progress report

    SciTech Connect

    Farrer, R.; Longshore, A.

    1995-06-01

    This year the Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) ran an informal user program because the US Department of Energy planned to close LANSCE in FY1994. As a result, an advisory committee recommended that LANSCE scientists and their collaborators complete work in progress. At LANSCE, neutrons are produced by spallation when a pulsed, 800-MeV proton beam impinges on a tungsten target. The proton pulses are provided by the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) accelerator and a associated Proton Storage Ring (PSR), which can Iter the intensity, time structure, and repetition rate of the pulses. The LAMPF protons of Line D are shared between the LANSCE target and the Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) facility, which results in LANSCE spectrometers being available to external users for unclassified research about 80% of each annual LAMPF run cycle. Measurements of interest to the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) may also be performed and may occupy up to an additional 20% of the available beam time. These experiments are reviewed by an internal program advisory committee. This year, a total of 127 proposals were submitted. The proposed experiments involved 229 scientists, 57 of whom visited LANSCE to participate in measurements. In addition, 3 (nuclear physics) participating research teams, comprising 44 scientists, carried out experiments at LANSCE. Instrument beam time was again oversubscribed, with 552 total days requested an 473 available for allocation.

  13. GEMINI-TITAN (GT)-3 - WEIGHTLESSNESS EXPERIMENT - AMES RESEARCH CENTER (ARC), CA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1965-03-01

    S65-18762 (March 1965) --- Effects of the weightless environment on cell division, the basic growth process for living tissue, will be studied during the Gemini-Titan 3 flight scheduled for March 23, 1965. A spiny black sea urchin (upper left) is stimulated by mild electric shock or potassium chloride. As a result it sheds many thousands of eggs. When fertilized, these eggs become actively dividing cells very similar in basic processes to cells of other animals, including humans. These pictures show stages of cell division. At upper right is a single cell; at lower right cell divisions have produced many cells. Cell photos are magnified about 700 times, and all cells shown are too small to be seen by the naked eye. (Photos at upper right and lower left are of sea urchin eggs. Group of cells at lower right are from a sand dollar, which like the sea urchin, is an Echinoderm. Its eggs are virtually identical and are used interchangeably with those of the sea urchin in NASA Ames Center weightlessness experiments.) The Gemini experiment will involve cell division like that shown here. This will take place during several hours of weightlessness aboard the Gemini spacecraft. The experiment will be flown back to laboratories at Cape Kennedy after spacecraft recovery. It has been designed so that any abnormal cell division found by postflight analysis should suggest that the weightless environment has effects on individual cells. This might mean hazards for prolonged periods of manned spaceflight.

  14. Postchemotherapy Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection in Patients With Nonseminomatous Testicular Cancer: A Single Center Experiences

    PubMed Central

    Nowroozi, Mohamadreza; Ayati, Mohsen; Arbab, Amir; Jamshidian, Hassan; Ghorbani, Hamidreza; Niroomand, Hassan; Taheri Mahmoodi, Mohsen; Amini, Erfan; Salehi, Sohrab; Hakima, Hamid; Fazeli, Farid; Haghdani, Saeid; Ghadian, Alireza

    2015-01-01

    Background: Testicular cancer accounts for about 1 - 1.5% of all malignancies in men. Radical orchiectomy is curative in 75% of patients with stage I disease, but advance stage with retroperitoneal lymph node involvement needs chemotherapy. All patients who have residual masses ≥ 1 cm after chemotherapy should undergo postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND). Objectives: Treatment of advanced nonseminomatous testicular cancer is usually a combination of chemotherapy and surgery. We described our experience about postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) in our center. Patients and Methods: In a retrospective cross-sectional study between 2006 and 2011, patients with a history of postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) in Imam Khomeini hospital were evaluated. All patients had normal postchemotherapy serum tumor markers and primary nonseminomatous cancer. We reviewed retrospectively clinical, pathological, and surgical parameters associated with PC-RPLND in our center. Results: Twenty-one patients underwent bilateral PC-RPLND. Mean age was 26.3 years (ranged 16 - 47). Mean size of retroperitoneal mass after chemotherapy was 7.6 cm. Mean operative time was 198 minutes (120 - 246 minutes). Mean follow-up time was 38.6 months. Pathologic review showed presence of fibrosis/necrosis, viable germ cell tumor and teratoma in 8 (38.1%), 10 (47.6%) and 3 (14.28%) patients, respectively. One patient in postoperative period of surgery and three patients in two first years after surgery were expired. Of 17 alive patients, only two (11.8%) had not retrograde ejaculation. Conclusions: PC-RPLND is one the major operations in the field of urology, which is associated with significant adjunctive surgeries. In appropriate cases, PC-RPLND was associated with good cancer specific survival in tertiary oncology center. PMID:26539420

  15. Prognostic Factors and Treatment Outcomes of Parotid Gland Cancer: A 10-Year Single-Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Chang, Jae Won; Hong, Hyun Jun; Ban, Myung Jin; Shin, Yoo Seob; Kim, Won Shik; Koh, Yoon Woo; Choi, Eun Chang

    2015-12-01

    To investigate the treatment outcomes of parotid gland cancer at a single center over a 10-year period and to evaluate the prognostic significance of maximum standardized uptake value. Retrospective case series with chart review. Academic care center. Ninety-eight patients with primary parotid gland cancer who were surgically treated at Yonsei University Head & Neck Cancer Clinic between January 1999 and December 2008 were analyzed. Patient data were collected retrospectively from medical charts. The investigators analyzed the association of clinicopathological factors and maximum standardized uptake value on (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan with disease-specific survival. Mean patient age was 49.7 years. Mean follow-up was 48.8 months. Thirty-three, 40, 30, and 23 patients had stage I, II, III, and IVA disease, respectively. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common histologic type (34.7%), followed by acinic cell carcinoma (27.6%). Eighteen patients (18.4%) experienced recurrences (mean recurrence gap, 20.6 months; range, 2-87 months). Five- and 10-year disease-specific survival rates were 93.6% and 81.8%, respectively. In the univariate analysis, pathologic T stage, pathologic lymph node status, resection margin, external parenchymal extension, and maximum standardized uptake value were significantly associated with disease-specific survival. Pathologic lymph node status and maximum standardized uptake value were independent prognostic factors in the multivariate analysis. Our single-center experience with parotid gland cancer treatment is consistent with the literature. Cervical lymph node metastasis and high maximum standardized uptake value are associated with poor survival in parotid gland cancer. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2015.

  16. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis: Experience from a tertiary care center and systematic review of Indian literature

    PubMed Central

    Hadda, Vijay; Tiwari, Pawan; Madan, Karan; Mohan, Anant; Gupta, Nishkarsh; Bharti, Sachidanand Jee; Kumar, Vinod; Garg, Rakesh; Trikha, Anjan; Jain, Deepali; Arava, Sudheer; Khilnani, Gopi C; Guleria, Randeep

    2016-01-01

    Background: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder characterized by deposition of lipoproteinaceous material within alveoli, with a variable clinical course. Here, we report an experience of management of PAP at our center. A systematic review of previously reported cases from India is also included in the article. Materials and Methods: This study included patients with primary PAP managed at our center from 2009 to 2015. Diagnosis of primary PAP was based on histopathologic diagnosis on bronchoalveolar lavage or transbronchial lung biopsy and absence of causes of secondary PAP. For systematic review of Indian publications, the literature search was performed using PubMed and EMBASE databases using the terms “pulmonary alveolar proteinosis'” or “alveolar proteinosis” and “India” or “Indian.” Results: During the above-specified period, five patients with diagnosis of PAP were admitted at our center. Median age of patients was 32 years (interquartile range [IQR] 30.5–59); 80% were female. Mean duration (± standard deviation) of symptoms was 6.2 (±1.79) months. Anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) antibodies were elevated in 4 out of 5 patients (80%). For management, whole lung lavage (WLL) was done for four patients with median volume of 32.5 (IQR 18–74) L per patient. All the patients showed significant symptomatic as well as improvement in physiological parameters. Subcutaneous GM-CSF and ambroxol were given to 3 patients and 1 patient, respectively. The median follow-up of all patients was 18 (IQR 5–44) months. A systematic review of all Indian studies of PAP revealed thirty publications. Conclusions: WLL is the most common, effective, and safe therapy in patients with PAP. GM-CSF administration is an efficacious treatment for patients with incomplete response after WLL. PMID:27890991

  17. Preparing an Academic Medical Center to Manage Patients Infected With Ebola: Experiences of a University Hospital.

    PubMed

    Schultz, Carl H; Koenig, Kristi L; Alassaf, Wajdan

    2015-10-01

    As Ebola has spread beyond West Africa, the challenges confronting health care systems with no experience in managing such patients are enormous. Not only is Ebola a significant threat to a population's health, it can infect the medical personnel trying to treat it. As such, it represents a major challenge to those in public health, emergency medical services (EMS), and acute care hospitals. Our academic medical center volunteered to become an Ebola Treatment Center as part of the US effort to manage the threat. We developed detailed policies and procedures for Ebola patient management at our university hospital. Both the EMS system and county public health made significant contributions during the development process. This article shares information about this process and the outcomes to inform other institutions facing similar challenges of preparing for an emerging threat with limited resources. The discussion includes information about management of (1) patients who arrive by ambulance with prior notification, (2) spontaneous walk-in patients, and (3) patients with confirmed Ebola who are interfacility transfers. Hospital management includes information about Ebola screening procedures, personal protective equipment selection and personnel training, erection of a tent outside the main facility, establishing an Ebola treatment unit inside the facility, and infectious waste and equipment management. Finally, several health policy considerations are presented.

  18. Patients' recovery experiences of indoor plants and viewsof nature in a rehabilitation center.

    PubMed

    Raanaas, Ruth Kjærsti; Patil, Grete; Alve, Grete

    2015-01-01

    There is an increasing interest in the possible healing factors connected to the presence of nature elements in health institutions. The aim of the present study is to get a deeper understanding of how residents in a residential rehabilitation center experience the views through windows and the indoor plants, and whether and how the view and the plants can impact their recovery process. In-depth individual and group interviews were conducted among 16 residents at a rehabilitation center in Norway. The participants said that the indoor plants and the view of nature were pleasant to look at and elicited feelings of relaxation and positive emotions which contributed to opportunities for reflection and contemplation. They expressed a feeling of connectedness to nature: a feeling of wholeness and spirituality elicited by the nature elements. They also expressed that the presence of nature elements contributed to a sense of being taken care of. The nature elements, such as a view of nature or indoor plants, seem to enhance opportunities for reflection, feelings of meaningfulness and sense of being taken care of which may strengthen their feeling of well-being and make them more resilient to the stressors in life.

  19. Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Living Kidney Donation: A Single Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Rodrigue, James R; Vishnevsky, Tanya; Fleishman, Aaron; Brann, Tracy; Evenson, Amy R; Pavlakis, Martha; Mandelbrot, Didier A

    2015-09-01

    This article describes the development and implementation of an initiative at one transplant center to annually assess psychosocial outcomes of living kidney donors. The current analysis focuses on a cohort of adults (n = 208) who donated a kidney at BIDMC between September 2005 and August 2012, in which two post-donation annual assessments could be examined. One and two year post-donation surveys were returned by 59 % (n = 123) and 47 % (n = 98) of LKDs, respectively. Those who did not complete any survey were more likely to be younger (p = 0.001), minority race/ethnicity (p < 0.001), and uninsured at the time of donation (p = 0.01) compared to those who returned at least one of the two annual surveys. The majority of donors reported no adverse physical or psychosocial consequences of donation, high satisfaction with the donation experience, and no donation decision regret. However, a sizable minority of donors felt more pain intensity than expected and recovery time was much slower than expected, and experienced a clinically significant decline in vitality. We describe how these outcomes are used to inform clinical practice at our transplant center as well as highlight challenges in donor surveillance over time.

  20. Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Living Kidney Donation: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Rodrigue, James R.; Vishnevsky, Tanya; Fleishman, Aaron; Brann, Tracy; Evenson, Amy R.; Pavlakis, Martha; Mandelbrot, Didier A.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the development and implementation of an initiative at one transplant center to annually assess psychosocial outcomes of living kidney donors. The current analysis focuses on a cohort of adults (n=208) who donated a kidney at BIDMC between September 2005 and August 2012, in which two post-donation annual assessments could be examined. One and two year post-donation surveys were returned by 59% (n=123) and 47% (n=98) of LKDs, respectively. Those who did not complete any survey were more likely to be younger (p=0.001), minority race/ethnicity (p<0.001), and uninsured at the time of donation (p=0.01) compared to those who returned at least one of the two annual surveys. The majority of donors reported no adverse physical or psychosocial consequences of donation, high satisfaction with the donation experience, and no donation decision regret. However, a sizable minority of donors felt more pain intensity than expected and recovery time was much slower than expected, and experienced a clinically significant decline in vitality. We describe how these outcomes are used to inform clinical practice at our transplant center as well as highlight challenges in donor surveillance over time. PMID:26123551

  1. Academic Career Selection and Retention in Radiation Oncology: The Joint Center for Radiation Therapy Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Balboni, Tracy A. . E-mail: tbalboni@partners.org; Chen, M.-H.; Harris, Jay R.; Recht, Abram; Stevenson, Mary Ann; D'Amico, Anthony V.

    2007-05-01

    Purpose: The United States healthcare system has witnessed declining reimbursement and increasing documentation requirements for longer than 10 years. These have decreased the time available to academic faculty for teaching and mentorship. The impact of these changes on the career choices of residents is unknown. The purpose of this report was to determine whether changes have occurred during the past decade in the proportion of radiation oncology trainees from a single institution entering and staying in academic medicine. Methods and Materials: We performed a review of the resident employment experience of Harvard Joint Center for Radiation Therapy residents graduating during 13 recent consecutive years (n = 48 residents). The outcomes analyzed were the initial selection of an academic vs. nonacademic career and career changes during the first 3 years after graduation. Results: Of the 48 residents, 65% pursued an academic career immediately after graduation, and 44% remained in academics at the last follow-up, after a median of 6 years. A later graduation year was associated with a decrease in the proportion of graduates immediately entering academic medicine (odds ratio, 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.65-0.94). However, the retention rate at 3 years of those who did immediately enter academics increased with a later graduation year (p = 0.03). Conclusion: During a period marked by notable changes in the academic healthcare environment, the proportion of graduating Harvard Joint Center for Radiation Therapy residents pursuing academic careers has been declining; however, despite this decline, the retention rates in academia have increased.

  2. Initial Brazilian experience with short-duration in-center daily hemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Lugon, Jocemir R; Andre, Mauro B

    2005-01-01

    The whole initial Brazilian experience with short-duration in-center daily hemodialysis is summarized here. The study was performed at a time when low-flux membrane and nonproportional dialysis represented the standard dialysis treatment in Brazil. Five patients were treated for 2 years. The subject is developed in a way to narrate the efforts to set the research project and summarize the findings, meeting presentations, and publications that derived from the project. At the end of the study, the main benefits observed consisted of alleviation of the end-stage renal disease anemia; reduction of the frequency of complications during dialysis sessions; a lower degree of azotemia; easier blood pressure control; and improvements in acid-base status, mineral metabolism and bone disease, nutrition, and quality of life.

  3. [Lung and heart-lung transplantation in Rabin medical center: early experience with 70 cases].

    PubMed

    Kramer, Mordechai R; Saute, Milton; Eidelman, Leonid; Aravot, Dan; Fink, Gershon; Shitrit, David; Izbicky, Gabriel; Izvicky, Gavriel; Dayan, Daniel Ben; Bakal, Ilana; Kogan, Alex; Gendel, Boris; Vidne, Bernardo; Sahar, Gideon

    2004-01-01

    Lung transplantation is a relatively new field in solid organ transplantation. We present our early experience with the first 70 cases at the Rabin Medical Center during the years 1997-2003. Forty seven patients underwent single lung, eight double lung and eight heart-lung transplantations. The patients treated included 49 men and 21 women aged 5-66 years. There were 26 cases with emphysema COPD. 30 patients with pulmonary fibrosis. 5 patients with pulmonary hypertension/Eisenmenger and 9 patients with cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis. Although early results (1997-1999) showed 1 and 3 year survival of only 50%, in the last 3 years (2000-2003), survival reached 84% and 82% at 1 and 3 years respectively. Improvement in the success rate is due to better patient selection, new immunosuppressive regimen and, most importantly, excellent teamwork. We conclude that lung transplantation is a viable option for selected patients with end-stage lung disease.

  4. E-Learning education program for registered nurses: the experience of a teaching medical center.

    PubMed

    Sheen, Shu-Tai Hsiao; Chang, Wen-Yin; Chen, Hsiao-Lien; Chao, Hui-Lin; Tseng, Ching Ping

    2008-09-01

    The aim of this study was to describe registered nurses' experiences with an e-learning education program (ELEP) conducted at a 776-bed teaching medical center in Taipei. The study was completed in three stages: planning, implementation, and evaluation. Nurses who were registered were randomly assigned either to the ELEP or traditional in-classroom program (TICP). Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Forty-two nurses participated (22 in the ELEP and 20 in the TICP). Scores for participants were all > 70 points (out of 100) for both programs. Of the five courses, only teaching and learning and communication showed significant statistical difference between the two groups (p = .001). Nearly all participants (97.6%) felt satisfied with their program (both ELEP and TICP). All nurses passed the nursing care skill tests. Findings should help guide efforts to popularize e-learning education in Taiwan and help create alternative learning methods for future continuing nursing education programs.

  5. [Inflammatory aortic aneurysms: Single center experiences with endovascular repair of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms].

    PubMed

    Strube, H; Treitl, M; Reiser, M; Steckmeier, B; Sadeghi-Azandaryani, M

    2010-10-01

    We report our single center experience of renal function, hydronephrosis and changes in perianeurysmal fibrosis (PAF) after endovascular repair (EVAR) of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA). A total of 6 patients were treated for IAAA with EVAR and the technical success was 100%. During the follow-up period 5 patients showed regression of PAF and 1 patient showed minor progression of PAF on computed tomography scans. In 2 patients hydronephrosis was regressive postoperatively but no patients died within 30 days. There were no secondary complications to report and no secondary intervention was necessary. In the long-term course one patient exhibited complete regression of PAF.In appropriate cases EVAR is a safe method for aneurysm repair for IAAA. In patients with acute inflammation or hydronephrosis individual treatment concepts are required.

  6. Veterans affairs and academic medical center affiliations: the north Texas experience.

    PubMed

    Mohl, Paul Cecil; Hendrickse, William; Orsak, Catherine; Vermette, Heidi

    2009-01-01

    The authors review the more than 30-year history of the academic affiliation between the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas and the Mental Health Service at the Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System. The authors interviewed individuals involved at various stages in developing this affiliation about decisions and challenges. The academic association has been very successful on the whole, though not consistently so. At this time, a flourishing educational and research program is in place and seems stable. It is not clear how generalizable the Dallas experience is. Both sides of this affiliation have overcome obstacles. Persistence and patience have been crucial, especially when one or the other side produced temporarily insurmountable obstacles. It appears that the decision to pursue the recruitment of both researchers and educators to the North Texas Veterans Health Care System from the beginning may have been crucial in developing a fuller academic collaboration.

  7. [Cardiac MRI: report on preliminary experience in Sheba Medical Center and review of main indications].

    PubMed

    Konen, Eli; Frand, Mira; Friemark, Dov; Eshet, Yael; Hirsch, Rafael; Feinberg, Michael; Glikson, Michael

    2006-03-01

    The rapid technical development of cardiac MR imaging in the last decade enables us today to evaluate cardiac morphology, function and viability in a reliable and very good spatial and temporal resolution. The advanced technology allows us to conduct those examinations in an acceptable time for clinical daily use and thus, the number of indications for cardiac MR imaging is steadily increasing. Since the beginning of 2004, a dedicated cardiac MR scanner has been employed in the Department of Medical Imaging in the Sheba Medical Center. We hereby conclude our preliminary experience with 58 sequential cases that were referred for cardiac MR imaging. Indications for the examination included 17 patients with congenital cardiac and great vessels anomalies, 14 patients with a suspected cardiac mass, 12 patients with suspected right ventricular dysplasia, and 4 patients with suspected constrictive pericarditis. This article also includes a review of the main indications for obtaining cardiac MR imaging.

  8. Assessing patient experiences in the pediatric patient-centered medical home: a comparison of two instruments.

    PubMed

    Knapp, Caprice; Chakravorty, Shourjo; Madden, Vanessa; Baron-Lee, Jacqueline; Gubernick, Ruth; Kairys, Steven; Pelaez-Velez, Cristina; Sanders, Lee M; Thompson, Lindsay

    2014-11-01

    The Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) is a model of care that has been promoted as a way to transform a broken primary care system in the US. However, in order to convince more practices to make the transformation and to properly reimburse practices who are PCMHs, valid and reliable data are needed. Data that capture patient experiences in a PCMH is valuable, but which instrument should be used remains unclear. Our study aims to compare the validity and reliability of two national PCMH instruments. Telephone surveys were conducted with children who receive care from 20 pediatric practices across Florida (n = 990). All of the children are eligible for Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program. Analyses were conducted to compare the Consumer Assessment of Health Plan Survey-Patient-Centered Medical Home (CAHPS-PCMH) and the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs (NS-CSHCN) medical home domain. Respondents were mainly White non-Hispanic, female, under 35 years old, and from a two-parent household. The NS-CSHCN outperformed the CAHPS-PCMH in regard to scale reliability (Cronbach's alpha coefficients all ≥0.81 vs. 0.56-0.85, respectively). In regard to item-domain convergence and discriminant validity the CAHPS-PCMH fared better than the NS-CSHCN (range of convergence 0.66-0.93 vs. 0.32-1.00). The CAHPS-PCMH did not correspond to the scale structure in construct validity testing. Neither instrument performed well in the known-groups validity tests. No clear best instrument was determined. Further revision and calibration may be needed to accurately assess patient experiences in the PCMH.

  9. Epidemiologic data of trauma-related lower limb amputees: A single center 10-year experience.

    PubMed

    Yaşar, Evren; Tok, Fatih; Kesikburun, Serdar; Ada, A Mustafa; Kelle, Bayram; Göktepe, A Salim; Yazıcıoğlu, Kamil; Tan, A Kenan

    2017-02-01

    The aim of this study is three fold: 1) to introduce epidemiologic data of patients with trauma-related amputations as a 10-year experience of a rehabitation center; 2) to determine comorbidities and secondary conditions of lower limb loss; 3) to determine the rehospitalization reasons for lower limb amputee patients. This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary rehabilitation center in Turkey. Clinical and demographic data of amputees including sex, age, employment status, time since amputation, time after amputation to first hospitalization, length of hospitalization, how many times the patient was hospitalized, reason for hospitalization, stump complications, comorbid conditions, amputation level and K classifacation were documented. Three hundred ninetynine patients with a mean age of 23,48±6,04 (4-74) years were included in this study. Mean duration after amputation was 119,71±68,86months. Patients were 3,43±2,53 times hospitalized. Landmine explosion was the most common etiology of amputation with 370 patients (92.7%). Below knee amputation was the most common amputation level with 230 (50,77%) amputations. 399 patients were hospitalized 1369 times and the most common hospitalization reason were stump complications (356 times, 26,00%). Spur formation (202 times) was the most common stump complications. Pyscologic disorders were the most common comorbidity with 68 patient (37,56%). Patients with traumatic limb amputations are likely to experience several complications and comorbidities. Prevention of secondary conditions affecting those living with the loss of a limb is an important part of amputee rehabilitation and may prevent rehospitalization. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Two-Year Experience Implementing a Curriculum to Improve Residents' Patient-Centered Communication Skills.

    PubMed

    Trickey, Amber W; Newcomb, Anna B; Porrey, Melissa; Piscitani, Franco; Wright, Jeffrey; Graling, Paula; Dort, Jonathan

    2017-07-26

    Surgery milestones from The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education have encouraged a focus on training and assessment of residents' nontechnical skills, including communication. We describe our 2-year experience implementing a simulation-based curriculum, results of annual communication performance assessments, and resident evaluations. Eight quarterly modules were conducted on various communication topics. Former patient volunteers served as simulation participants (SP) who completed annual assessments using the Communication Assessment Tool (CAT). During these 2 modules, communication skills were assessed in the following standardized scenarios: (1) delivering bad news to a caregiver of a patient with postoperative intracerebral hemorrhage and (2) primary care gallstone referral with contraindications for cholecystectomy. SP-CAT ratings were evaluated for correlations by individual and associations with trainee and SP characteristics. Surgical patient experience surveys are evaluated during the curriculum. Independent academic medical center surgical simulation center. Twenty-five surgery residents per year in 2015 to 2017. Residents have practiced skills in a variety of scenarios including bad news delivery, medical error disclosure, empathic communication, and end-of-life conversations. Residents report positive learning experiences from the curriculum (90% graded all modules A/A+). Confidence ratings rose following each module (p < 0.001) and in the second year (p < 0.001). Annual assessments yielded insights into skills level, and relationships to resident confidence levels and traits. Communication scores were not associated with resident gender or postgraduate year. Over the course of the curriculum implementation, surgical patients have reported that doctors provided explanations with improved clarity (p = 0.042). The simulation-based SP-CAT has shown initial evidence of usability, content validity, relationships to observed communication

  11. Comparative analysis of stakeholder experiences with an online approach to prioritizing patient-centered research topics.

    PubMed

    Khodyakov, Dmitry; Grant, Sean; Meeker, Daniella; Booth, Marika; Pacheco-Santivanez, Nathaly; Kim, Katherine K

    2017-05-01

    Little evidence exists about effective and scalable methods for meaningful stakeholder engagement in research. We explored patient/caregiver experiences with a high-tech online engagement approach for patient-centered research prioritization, compared their experiences with those of professional stakeholders, and identified factors associated with favorable participant experiences. We conducted 8 online modified-Delphi (OMD) panels. Panelists participated in 2 rating rounds with a statistical feedback/online discussion round in between. Panels focused on weight management/obesity, heart failure, and Kawasaki disease. We recruited a convenience sample of adults with any of the 3 conditions (or parents/guardians of Kawasaki disease patients), clinicians, and researchers. Measures included self-reported willingness to use OMD again, the panelists' study participation and online discussion experiences, the system's perceived ease of use, and active engagement metrics. Out of 349 panelists, 292 (84%) completed the study. Of those, 46% were patients, 36% were clinicians, and 19% were researchers. In multivariate models, patients were not significantly more actively engaged (Odds ratio (OR) = 1.69, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.94-3.05) but had more favorable study participation (β = 0.49; P  ≤ .05) and online discussion (β = 0.18; P  ≤ .05) experiences and were more willing to use OMD again (β = 0.36; P  ≤ .05), compared to professional stakeholders. Positive perceptions of the OMD system's ease of use (β = 0.16; P  ≤ .05) and favorable study participation (β = 0.26; P  ≤ .05) and online discussion (β = 0.57; P  ≤ .05) experiences were also associated with increased willingness to use OMD in the future. Active engagement was not associated with online experience indices or willingness to use OMD again. Online approaches to engaging large numbers of stakeholders are a promising and efficient adjunct

  12. Glenn's Telescience Support Center Provided Around-the-Clock Operations Support for Space Experiments on the International Space Station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Malarik, Diane C.

    2005-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center s Telescience Support Center (TSC) allows researchers on Earth to operate experiments onboard the International Space Station (ISS) and the space shuttles. NASA s continuing investment in the required software, systems, and networks provides distributed ISS ground operations that enable payload developers and scientists to monitor and control their experiments from the Glenn TSC. The quality of scientific and engineering data is enhanced while the long-term operational costs of experiments are reduced because principal investigators and engineering teams can operate their payloads from their home institutions.

  13. Crack-Detection Experiments on Simulated Turbine Engine Disks in NASA Glenn Research Center's Rotordynamics Laboratory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woike, Mark R.; Abdul-Aziz, Ali

    2010-01-01

    The development of new health-monitoring techniques requires the use of theoretical and experimental tools to allow new concepts to be demonstrated and validated prior to use on more complicated and expensive engine hardware. In order to meet this need, significant upgrades were made to NASA Glenn Research Center s Rotordynamics Laboratory and a series of tests were conducted on simulated turbine engine disks as a means of demonstrating potential crack-detection techniques. The Rotordynamics Laboratory consists of a high-precision spin rig that can rotate subscale engine disks at speeds up to 12,000 rpm. The crack-detection experiment involved introducing a notch on a subscale engine disk and measuring its vibration response using externally mounted blade-tip-clearance sensors as the disk was operated at speeds up to 12 000 rpm. Testing was accomplished on both a clean baseline disk and a disk with an artificial crack: a 50.8-mm- (2-in.-) long introduced notch. The disk s vibration responses were compared and evaluated against theoretical models to investigate how successful the technique was in detecting cracks. This paper presents the capabilities of the Rotordynamics Laboratory, the baseline theory and experimental setup for the crack-detection experiments, and the associated results from the latest test campaign.

  14. Early Clinical Experiences for Second-Year Student Pharmacists at an Academic Medical Center

    PubMed Central

    Amerine, Lindsey B.; Chen, Sheh-Li; Luter, David N.; Arnall, Justin; Smith, Shayna; Roth, Mary T.; Rodgers, Philip T.; Williams, Dennis M.; Pinelli, Nicole R.

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To examine student outcomes associated with the Student Medication and Reconciliation Team (SMART) program, which was designed to provide second-year student pharmacists at the University of North Carolina (UNC) Eshelman School of Pharmacy direct patient care experience at UNC Medical Center. Design. Twenty-two second-year student pharmacists were randomly selected from volunteers, given program training, and scheduled for three 5-hour evening shifts in 2013-2014. Pre/post surveys and reflection statements were collected from 19 students. Data were analyzed with a mixed methods approach. Assessment. Survey results revealed an increase in student self-efficacy (p<0.05) and positive perceptions of SMART. Qualitative findings suggest the program provided opportunities for students to develop strategies for practice, promoted an appreciation for the various roles pharmacists play in health care, and fostered an appreciation for the complexity of real-world practice. Conclusion. Early clinical experiences can enhance student learning and development while fostering an appreciation for pharmacy practice. PMID:26839428

  15. High school students' experiences of bullying and victimization and the association with school health center use.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Catherine; Deardorff, Julianna; Lahiff, Maureen; Soleimanpour, Samira; Sakashita, Kimi; Brindis, Claire D

    2015-05-01

    Bullying and victimization are ongoing concerns in schools. School health centers (SHCs) are well situated to support affected students because they provide crisis intervention, mental health care, and broader interventions to improve school climate. This study examined the association between urban adolescents' experiences of school-based bullying and victimization and their use of SHCs. Data was analyzed from 2063 high school students in 5 Northern California school districts using the 2009-2010 California Healthy Kids Survey. Chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression were used to measure associations. Students who were bullied or victimized at school had significantly higher odds of using the SHCs compared with students who were not, and were also significantly more likely to report confidentiality concerns. The magnitude of associations was largest for Asian/Pacific Islander students, though this was likely due to greater statistical power. African American students reported victimization experiences at approximately the same rate as their peers, but were significantly less likely to indicate they experienced bullying. Findings suggest that SHCs may be an important place to address bullying and victimization at school, but confidentiality concerns are barriers that may be more common among bullied and victimized youth. © 2015, American School Health Association.

  16. Early Clinical Experiences for Second-Year Student Pharmacists at an Academic Medical Center.

    PubMed

    McLaughlin, Jacqueline E; Amerine, Lindsey B; Chen, Sheh-Li; Luter, David N; Arnall, Justin; Smith, Shayna; Roth, Mary T; Rodgers, Philip T; Williams, Dennis M; Pinelli, Nicole R

    2015-11-25

    To examine student outcomes associated with the Student Medication and Reconciliation Team (SMART) program, which was designed to provide second-year student pharmacists at the University of North Carolina (UNC) Eshelman School of Pharmacy direct patient care experience at UNC Medical Center. Twenty-two second-year student pharmacists were randomly selected from volunteers, given program training, and scheduled for three 5-hour evening shifts in 2013-2014. Pre/post surveys and reflection statements were collected from 19 students. Data were analyzed with a mixed methods approach. Survey results revealed an increase in student self-efficacy (p<0.05) and positive perceptions of SMART. Qualitative findings suggest the program provided opportunities for students to develop strategies for practice, promoted an appreciation for the various roles pharmacists play in health care, and fostered an appreciation for the complexity of real-world practice. Early clinical experiences can enhance student learning and development while fostering an appreciation for pharmacy practice.

  17. Early olfactory experience induces structural changes in the primary olfactory center of an insect brain.

    PubMed

    Arenas, A; Giurfa, M; Sandoz, J C; Hourcade, B; Devaud, J M; Farina, W M

    2012-03-01

    The antennal lobe (AL) is the first olfactory center of the insect brain and is constituted of different functional units, the glomeruli. In the AL, odors are coded as spatiotemporal patterns of glomerular activity. In honeybees, olfactory learning during early adulthood modifies neural activity in the AL on a long-term scale and also enhances later memory retention. By means of behavioral experiments, we first verified that olfactory learning between the fifth and eighth day of adulthood induces better retention performances at a late adult stage than the same experience acquired before or after this period. We checked that the specificity of memory for the odorants used was improved. We then studied whether such early olfactory learning also induces long-term structural changes in the AL consistent with the formation of long-term olfactory memories. We also measured the volume of 15 identified glomeruli in the ALs of 17-day-old honeybees that either experienced an odor associated with sucrose solution between the fifth and eighth day of adulthood or were left untreated. We found that early olfactory experience induces glomerulus-selective increases in volume that were specific to the learned odor. By comparing our volumetric measures with calcium-imaging recordings from a previous study, performed in 17-day-old bees subjected to the same treatment and experimental conditions, we found that glomeruli that showed structural changes after early learning were those that exhibited a significant increase in neural activity. Our results make evident a correlation between structural and functional changes in the AL following early olfactory learning.

  18. Experience with multimodality telepathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

    PubMed

    Pantanowitz, Liron; Wiley, Clayton A; Demetris, Anthony; Lesniak, Andrew; Ahmed, Ishtiaque; Cable, William; Contis, Lydia; Parwani, Anil V

    2012-01-01

    Several modes of telepathology exist including static (store-and-forward), dynamic (live video streaming or robotic microscopy), and hybrid technology involving whole slide imaging (WSI). Telepathology has been employed at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) for over a decade at local, national, and international sites. All modes of telepathology have been successfully utilized to exploit our institutions subspecialty expertise and to compete for pathology services. This article discusses the experience garnered at UPMC with each of these teleconsultation methods. Static and WSI telepathology systems have been utilized for many years in transplant pathology using a private network and client-server architecture. Only minor clinically significant differences of opinion were documented. In hematopathology, the CellaVision(®) system is used to transmit, via email, static images of blood cells in peripheral blood smears for remote interpretation. While live video streaming has remained the mode of choice for providing immediate adequacy assessment of cytology specimens by telecytology, other methods such as robotic microscopy have been validated and shown to be effective. Robotic telepathology has been extensively used to remotely interpret intra-operative neuropathology consultations (frozen sections). Adoption of newer technology and increased pathologist experience has improved accuracy and deferral rates in teleneuropathology. A digital pathology consultation portal (https://pathconsult.upmc.com/) was recently created at our institution to facilitate digital pathology second opinion consults, especially for WSI. The success of this web-based tool is the ability to handle vendor agnostic, large image files of digitized slides, and ongoing user-friendly customization for clients and teleconsultants. It is evident that the practice of telepathology at our institution has evolved in concert with advances in technology and user experience. Early and

  19. Case-Mix Adjustment and the Comparison of Community Health Center Performance on Patient Experience Measures

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, M Laura; Rodriguez, Hector P; Solorio, M Rosa

    2010-01-01

    Objective To assess the effect of case-mix adjustment on community health center (CHC) performance on patient experience measures. Data Sources A Medicaid-managed care plan in Washington State collected patient survey data from 33 CHCs over three fiscal quarters during 2007–2008. The survey included three composite patient experience measures (6-month reports) and two overall ratings of care. The analytic sample includes 2,247 adult patients and 2,859 adults reporting for child patients. Study Design We compared the relative importance of patient case-mix adjusters by calculating each adjuster's predictive power and variability across CHCs. We then evaluated the impact of case-mix adjustment on the relative ranking of CHCs. Principal Findings Important case-mix adjusters included adult self-reported health status or parent-reported child health status, adult age, and educational attainment. The effects of case-mix adjustment on patient reports and ratings were different in the adult and child samples. Adjusting for race/ethnicity and language had a greater impact on parent reports than adult reports, but it impacted ratings similarly across the samples. The impact of adjustment on composites and ratings was modest, but it affected the relative ranking of CHCs. Conclusions To ensure equitable comparison of CHC performance on patient experience measures, reports and ratings should be adjusted for adult self-reported health status or parent-reported child health status, adult age, education, race/ethnicity, and survey language. Because of the differential impact of case-mix adjusters for child and adult surveys, initiatives should consider measuring and reporting adult and child scores separately. PMID:20337738

  20. Assessing exploitation experiences of girls and boys seen at a Child Advocacy Center.

    PubMed

    Edinburgh, Laurel; Pape-Blabolil, Julie; Harpin, Scott B; Saewyc, Elizabeth

    2015-08-01

    The primary aim of this study was to describe the abuse experiences of sexually exploited runaway adolescents seen at a Child Advocacy Center (N=62). We also sought to identify risk behaviors, attributes of resiliency, laboratory results for sexually transmitted infection (STI) screens, and genital injuries from colposcopic exams. We used retrospective mixed-methods with in-depth forensic interviews, together with self-report survey responses, physical exams and chart data. Forensic interviews were analyzed using interpretive description analytical methods along domains of experience and meaning of sexual exploitation events. Univariate descriptive statistics characterized trauma responses and health risks. The first sexual exploitation events for many victims occurred as part of seemingly random encounters with procurers. Older adolescent or adult women recruited some youth working for a pimp. However, half the youth did not report a trafficker involved in setting up their exchange of sex for money, substances, or other types of consideration. 78% scored positive on the UCLA PTSD tool; 57% reported DSM IV criteria for problem substance use; 71% reported cutting behaviors, 75% suicidal ideation, and 50% had attempted suicide. Contrary to common depictions, youth may be solicited relatively quickly as runaways, yet exploitation is not always linked to having a pimp. Avoidant coping does not appear effective, as most patients exhibited significant symptoms of trauma. Awareness of variations in youth's sexual exploitation experiences may help researchers and clinicians understand potential differences in sequelae, design effective treatment plans, and develop community prevention programs. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  1. Case-mix adjustment and the comparison of community health center performance on patient experience measures.

    PubMed

    Johnson, M Laura; Rodriguez, Hector P; Solorio, M Rosa

    2010-06-01

    To assess the effect of case-mix adjustment on community health center (CHC) performance on patient experience measures. A Medicaid-managed care plan in Washington State collected patient survey data from 33 CHCs over three fiscal quarters during 2007-2008. The survey included three composite patient experience measures (6-month reports) and two overall ratings of care. The analytic sample includes 2,247 adult patients and 2,859 adults reporting for child patients. We compared the relative importance of patient case-mix adjusters by calculating each adjuster's predictive power and variability across CHCs. We then evaluated the impact of case-mix adjustment on the relative ranking of CHCs. Important case-mix adjusters included adult self-reported health status or parent-reported child health status, adult age, and educational attainment. The effects of case-mix adjustment on patient reports and ratings were different in the adult and child samples. Adjusting for race/ethnicity and language had a greater impact on parent reports than adult reports, but it impacted ratings similarly across the samples. The impact of adjustment on composites and ratings was modest, but it affected the relative ranking of CHCs. To ensure equitable comparison of CHC performance on patient experience measures, reports and ratings should be adjusted for adult self-reported health status or parent-reported child health status, adult age, education, race/ethnicity, and survey language. Because of the differential impact of case-mix adjusters for child and adult surveys, initiatives should consider measuring and reporting adult and child scores separately.

  2. Excellent outcome of medical treatment for Kasabach-Merritt syndrome: a single-center experience

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jin Ah; Choi, Young Bae; Yi, Eun Sang; Lee, Ji Won; Sung, Ki Woong; Koo, Hong Hoe

    2016-01-01

    Background Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) is a rare but life-threatening illness. The purpose of this study is to report our single-center experience with KMS. Methods We reviewed the medical records of 13 patients who were diagnosed with KMS between 1997 and 2012 at Samsung Medical Center. Treatment response was defined as follows: 1) hematologic complete response (HCR) – platelet count >130×109/L without transfusion; 2) clinical complete response (CCR) – complete tumor disappearance or small residual vascular tumor displaying lack of proliferation for at least 6 months after treatment discontinuation. Results Participants included 7 male and 6 female patients. The median initial hemoglobin levels and platelet counts were 9.7 g/dL (range, 6.6–11.6 g/dL) and 11×109/L (range, 3–38×109/L), respectively. Twelve patients received corticosteroid and interferon-alpha as initial treatment, and the remaining patient received propranolol instead of corticosteroid. Two patients with unsatisfactory response to the initial treatment received weekly vincristine. Successful discontinuation of medication was possible at a median of 301 days (range, 137–579) in all patients except one who was lost to follow-up. The median times to achieve HCR and CCR were 157 days and 332 days, respectively. The probabilities of achieving HCR and CCR were 77% and 54% at 1 year, and 88% and 86% at 2.5 years, respectively. Conclusion The prognosis of KMS in our cohort was excellent. Our data suggest that individualized treatment adaptation according to response may be very important for the successful treatment of patients with KMS. PMID:28090488

  3. Cumulative recruitment experience in two large single-center randomized, controlled clinical trials.

    PubMed

    Galbreath, Autumn Dawn; Smith, Brad; Wood, Pamela; Forkner, Emma; Peters, Jay I

    2008-05-01

    Trial recruitment is challenging for researchers, who frequently overestimate the pool of qualified, willing participants. Little has been written about recruitment and the comparative success of recruitment strategies. We describe one center's experience with recruitment in two regional single-center clinical trials with a combined total of 1971 participants. The heart failure trial was conducted between 1999 and 2003. The asthma trial was performed between 2003 and 2006. Trial databases were queried for referral source of each individual. Data were analyzed for effectiveness of referral source using three measures: percentage of enrollment due to that source, subject commitment to the trial (retention rate), and economics (cost per enrollee). 47.8% of CHF enrollees came from computer-generated lists or from healthcare provider referrals. Average marketing cost for enrollees and completers was $29.20 and $41.96 respectively. The most economical marketing strategy was self-referral in response to flyers. Most asthma participants (53.5%) were referred from healthcare providers, mailings to lists from local healthcare institutions, or self-referred in response to flyers. Average marketing cost for enrollees and completers was $20.44 and $38.10 respectively. The most economical marketing strategy was patient mailings. Retention rates were not markedly different among referral sources in either trial. In order to be considered effective, a recruitment strategy must demonstrate a balance between response to recruitment, retention rates, and economics. Despite the differences between these two clinical trials, the most effective recruitment strategies in both trials were mailings to locally-generated, targeted lists, and referrals from healthcare providers.

  4. Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Obese Hospitalized Patients: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Sunil; Mather, Paul J.; Efird, Jimmy T.; Kahn, Daron; Shiue, Kristin Y.; Cheema, Mohammed; Malloy, Raymond; Quan, Stuart F.

    2015-01-01

    Study Objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important health problem associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This condition often is underrecognized in hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to conduct a clinical pathway evaluation (CPE) among obese patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital. We also assessed oxygen desaturation index (ODI, measured by overnight pulse oximetry) as a potential low-cost screening tool for identifying OSA. Methods: This was a prospective study of 754 patients admitted to an academic medical center between February 2013 and February 2014. Consecutive obese patients (body mass index ≥ 30) admitted to the hospital (medical services) were screened and evaluated for OSA with the snoring, tiredness during daytime, observed apnea, high blood pressure (STOP) questionnaire. The admitting team was advised to perform follow-up evaluation, including polysomnography, if the test was positive. Results: A total of 636 patients were classified as high risk and 118 as low risk for OSA. Within 4 w of discharge, 149 patients underwent polysomnography, and of these, 87% (129) were shown to have OSA. An optimal screening cutoff point for OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 10/h) was determined to be ODI ≥ 10/h [Matthews correlation coefficient = 0.36, 95% confidence interval = 0.24–0.47]. Significantly more hospitalized patients were identified and underwent polysomnography compared with the year prior to introduction of the CPE. Conclusions: Our results indicate that the CPE increased the identification of OSA in this population. Furthermore, ODI derived from overnight pulse oximetry may be a cost-effective strategy to screen for OSA in hospitalized patients. Citation: Sharma S, Mather PJ, Efird JT, Kahn D, Shiue KY, Cheema M, Malloy R, Quan SF. Obstructive sleep apnea in obese hospitalized patients: a single center experience. J Clin Sleep Med 2015;11(7):717–723. PMID:25766715

  5. One center's experiences of 101 cases of kidney transplants from cardiac death donors.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Xiao-peng; Han, Ming; Wang, Xiao-ping; Zhou, Jian; Chen, Chuan-bao; He, Xiao-shun

    2014-08-01

    In 2011, a pilot program of organ donation after cardiac death was begun at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China, where we hosted one of the largest donation after cardiac death organ transplant programs in the country. We report our initial single-center experiences of kidney transplant from donation after cardiac deaths. From January 2011 to July 2013 at our center, 101 kidney transplants from donation after cardiac death donors were performed. The results of kidney transplants from donation after cardiac death donors were compared with those of 50 kidney transplants from donation after brain death performed during the same time. Delayed graft function occurred more frequently in donation after cardiac death than donation after brain death kidneys (16.8% vs 4.0%; P = .035). There was no difference in the incidence of acute rejection between donation after cardiac death and donation after brain death kidneys (10.9% vs 6.0%). Actual 1-year graft survival rate was similar (donation after cardiac death 94.4% vs donation after brain death 96.2%). Estimated glomerular filtration rate at 12 months was similar between donation after cardiac death and donation after brain death kidneys (73.8 ± 20.0 vs 77.8 ± 22.7 mL/min/1.73 m2). Kidney transplants from donation after cardiac death donors have comparable short-term outcomes to kidney transplants from donation after brain death donors. Donation after cardiac death can play a crucial role in overcoming the organ shortage in China.

  6. The Fetus with Ectopia Cordis: Experience and Expectations from Two Centers.

    PubMed

    Escobar-Diaz, Maria C; Sunderji, Sherzana; Tworetzky, Wayne; Moon-Grady, Anita J

    2017-03-01

    Ectopia cordis (EC) is a rare congenital anomaly often associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). There is a lack of contemporary information on EC diagnosed prenatally. We sought to combine the experiences of two regional referral centers in order to evaluate current outcomes for EC. Clinical, echocardiographic features and perinatal outcomes of fetuses with EC managed at two large cardiac centers from 1995 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Seventeen fetuses with EC were diagnosed at a median gestational age of 23 weeks (range 17-36). There were 6 thoracic EC and 11 thoracoabdominal. Fifteen had associated CHD: 10 conotruncal defects, 2 tricuspid atresia, 1 aortic stenosis, 1 atrial septal defect, and 1 atrioventricular septal defect. There were 2 terminations of pregnancy, 2 fetal deaths, 2 lost to follow-up, and 11 live born. Mean gestational age at birth was 36.4 weeks (range 26-39). Three patients died shortly after birth with comfort care, and 8 were actively managed. Six patients underwent postnatal cardiac intervention and are currently alive with a mean follow-up of 7.3 years (range 1.4-11.4), 2 of them with chronic dependency on ventilatory support. Two patients without CHD died after attempted chest closure. When diagnosed in utero, a high proportion of pregnancy termination or fetal demise is expected. In our cohort, conotruncal anomalies were the most common associated CHD. Though mortality in actively managed patients was not as high as previously reported, and cardiac surgical intervention may be achieved, EC is still associated with high mortality and significant long-term morbidity.

  7. Toward quality assurance for metaphase FISH: A multi-center experience

    SciTech Connect

    Dewald, G.; Higgins, R.; Hirsch, B.

    1996-09-06

    Although fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is rapidly becoming a part of clinical cytogenetics, no organization sponsors multi-center determinations of the efficacy of probes. We report on 23 laboratories that volunteered to provide slides and to use a probe for SNRPN and a control locus. Experiences with FISH for these laboratories during 1994 ranged from 0 to 645 utilizations (median = 84) involving blood, amniotic fluid and bone marrow. In an initial study of hybridization efficiency, the median percentage of metaphases from normal individuals showing two SNRPN and 2 control signals for slides prepared at each site was 97.0 (range = 74-100); for slides prepared by a central laboratory, it was 97.8 (range = 81.6-100). In a subsequent blind study, each laboratory attempted to score 5 metaphases from each of 23 specimens [8 with del(15)(q11.2{r_arrow}q12) and 15 with normal 15 chromosomes]. Of 529 challenges, the correct SNRPN pattern was found in 5 of 5 metaphases in 457 (86%) and in 4 of 5 in 33 (6%). Ambiguous, incomplete or no results were reported for 32 (6%) challenges. Seven (1%) diagnostic errors were made including 6 false positives and 1 false negative: 1 laboratory made 3 errors, 1 made 2, and 2 made 1 each. Most errors and inconsistencies seemed due to inexperience with FISH. The working time to process and analyze slides singly averaged 49.5 minutes; slides processed in batches of 4 and analyzed singly required 36.9 minutes. We conclude that proficiency testing for FISH using an extensive array of challenges is possible and that multiple centers can collaborate to test probes and to evaluate costs. 10 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

  8. Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: Oncological outcome analysis from a single-center Indian experience of 6 years

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, Shashikant; Agrawal, Vikas; Khatri, Naushad; Sharma, Rajan; Kurien, Abraham; Ganpule, Arvind; Muthu, V.; Sabnis, Ravindra B.; Desai, Mahesh R.

    2012-01-01

    Background: There is a lack of published data on laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) in India. Although the published short-term oncologic outcomes after LRP are encouraging, intermediate and long-term data are lacking. Objective: We analyzed the oncological outcome after LRP based on 6 years of experience and compared it with the other single-center published literature. Materials and Methods: Of the 90 patients who underwent LRP for a clinical T2 localized disease, 73 patients with at least a follow up of one year were analyzed. Patients were classified as low-, intermediate-, and high-risk D′Amico groups in 22 (30%), 26 (36%), and 25 (34%) of the patient population, respectively. Progression of disease was defined as a PSA of 0.4ng/ml with a confirmatory rise. We used Kaplan-Meier product limit estimates to calculate actuarial 5-year probabilities of biochemical progression-free survival. Univariate analysis of risk factors for biochemical recurrence (BCR) was done. Results: The mean age of the patients was 63.3 ± 6.6 years. The average follow-up for patients was 22 (12-72) months. There was no prostatic cancer-specific mortality. Fourteen patients had BCR. The 5-year progression-free probability for men with low-, intermediate-, and high-risk prostate cancers was 91%, 82%, and 58%, respectively. High-risk group, Gleason sum more than 8, extracapsular extension, and positive surgical margin were significantly associated with biochemical progression. Conclusions: LRP provided a similar level of oncological success as reported by the other contemporary single-center published literature PMID:22557714

  9. Nuclear Energy Experiments to the Center for Global Security and Cooperation.

    SciTech Connect

    Osborn, Douglas M.

    2015-06-01

    This is to serve as verification that the Center 6200 experimental pieces supplied to the Technology Training and Demonstration Area within the Center of Global Security and Cooperation are indeed unclassified unlimited released for viewing.

  10. MRI with ferumoxytol: A single center experience of safety across the age spectrum

    PubMed Central

    Nguyen, Kim‐Lien; Yoshida, Takegawa; Han, Fei; Ayad, Ihab; Reemtsen, Brian L.; Salusky, Isidro B.; Satou, Gary M.; Hu, Peng

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To summarize our single‐center safety experience with the off‐label use of ferumoxytol for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to compare the effects of ferumoxytol on monitored physiologic indices in patients under anesthesia with those of gadofosveset trisodium. Materials and Methods Consecutive patients who underwent ferumoxytol‐enhanced (FE) MRI exams were included. Adverse events (AEs) were classified according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0. In a subgroup of patients examined under general anesthesia, recording of blood pressure, heart rate, oxygen saturation, and end‐tidal CO2 was performed. A comparable group of 23 patients who underwent gadofosveset‐enhanced (GE) MRI under anesthesia with similar monitoring was also analyzed. Results In all, 217 unique patients, ages 3 days to 94 years, underwent FE‐MRI. No ferumoxytol‐related severe, life‐threatening, or fatal AEs occurred acutely or at follow‐up. Two patients developed ferumoxytol‐related nausea. Between‐group (FE‐ vs. GE‐MRI) comparisons showed no statistical difference in heart rate (P = 0.69, 95% confidence interval [CI] 96–113 bpm), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) (P = 0.74, 95% CI 44–52 mmHg), oxygen saturation (P = 0.76, 95% CI 94–98%), and end‐tidal CO2 (P = 0.73, 95% CI 31–37 mmHg). No significant change in MAP (P = 0.12, 95% CI 50–58 mmHg) or heart rate (P = 0.25, 95% CI 91–105 bpm) was noted between slow infusion of ferumoxytol (n = 113) vs. bolus injection (n = 104). Conclusion In our single‐center experience, no serious AEs occurred with the diagnostic use of ferumoxytol across a wide spectrum of age, renal function, and indications. Because of the limited sample size, firm conclusions cannot be drawn about the generalizability of our results. Thus, vigilance and monitoring are recommended to mitigate potential rare adverse reactions. Level of Evidence: 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging

  11. Incidence and patterns of valvular heart disease in a tertiary care high-volume cardiac center: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Manjunath, C N; Srinivas, P; Ravindranath, K S; Dhanalakshmi, C

    2014-01-01

    Diseases of the heart valves constitute a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) being the dominant form of valvular heart disease (VHD) in developing nations. The current study was undertaken at a tertiary care cardiac center with the objective of establishing the incidence and patterns of VHD by Echocardiography (Echo). Among the 136,098 first-time Echocardiograms performed between January 2010 and December 2012, an exclusion criterion of trivial and functional regurgitant lesions yielded a total of 13,289 cases of organic valvular heart disease as the study cohort. In RHD, the order of involvement of valves was mitral (60.2%), followed by aortic, tricuspid and pulmonary valves. Mitral stenosis, predominantly seen in females, was almost exclusively of rheumatic etiology (97.4%). The predominant form of isolated MR was rheumatic (41.1%) followed closely by myxomatous or mitral valve prolapse (40.8%). Isolated AS, more common in males, was the third most common valve lesion seen in 7.3% of cases. Degenerative calcification was the commonest cause of isolated AS (65.0%) followed by bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) (33.9%) and RHD (1.1%). Multiple valves were involved in more than a third of all cases (36.8%). The order of involvement was MS + MR > MS + AR > MR + AR > AS + AR > MR + AS > MS + AS. Overall, 9.7% of cases had organic tricuspid valve disease. RHD contributed most to the burden of VHD in the present study with calcific degeneration, myxomatous disease and BAV being the other major forms of VHD. Multiple valves were affected in more than a third of all cases. Copyright © 2014 Cardiological Society of India. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. One Year Primary Patency of Infrapopliteal Angioplasty Using Drug- Eluting Balloons: Single Center Experience at King Hussein Medical Center

    PubMed Central

    Haddad, Sizeph Edward; Shishani, Jan Mohammad; Qtaish, Izzeddin; Rawashdeh, Mohammad Abdelmajeed; Qtaishat, Belal Saleh

    2017-01-01

    Objective: Conventional percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for long lesions in the below-the-knee (BTK) arteries in patients presenting with critical limb ischemia (CLI) has high restenosis rates at 1 year. Our goal is to evaluate whether paclitaxel drug-eluting balloons (DEB) have higher 1 year primary patency rates compared to conventional PTA. Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, randomized trial that was conducted from June 2013 to December 2015. The aim of the study was to compare 1 year primary patency rates of DEB and PTA in BTK arteries in CLI patients. Inclusion criteria were patients presenting with CLI (Rutherford class 4 or greater), stenosis or occlusion ≥30 mm of at least one tibial artery, and agreement to 12-month evaluation. Exclusion criteria were life expectancy <1 year, allergy to paclitaxel, and contraindication to combined antiplatelet treatment. Follow-up was performed by clinical assessment, ankle brachial pressure index, Doppler ultrasound imaging, and conventional angiogram if indicated. Primary end point was 1 year primary patency, and secondary end points were target lesion revascularization (TLR) and major amputation. Statistical analysis was performed using Fischer's exact test. Results: Ninety-three patients with 106 lesions in the BTK arteries were enrolled in this study. One year primary patency was achieved in 26 (65%) and seven (17%) in the DEB and PTA groups (P = 0.006), respectively. TLR was performed in nine lesions (23%) and 29 lesions (71%) in DEB and PTA groups (P = 0.009), respectively. Major amputations occurred in one limb (2%) and two limbs (4%) in DEB and PTA groups (P = 0.6), respectively. Conclusion: Paclitaxel DEB has significantly higher 1 year primary patency rate associated with significantly less TLR than conventional PTA, following endovascular recanalization of BTK arteries in patients presenting with CLI. PMID:28852581

  13. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Dr. Dennis Morrison, NASA Johnson Space Center, processes one of the experiments carried on mission STS-107. Several experiments were found during the search for Columbia debris. Included in the Commercial ITA Biomedical Experiments payload on mission STS-107 are urokinase cancer research, microencapsulation of drugs, the Growth of Bacterial Biofilm on Surfaces during Spaceflight (GOBBSS), and tin crystal formation.

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2003-05-07

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Dr. Dennis Morrison, NASA Johnson Space Center, processes one of the experiments carried on mission STS-107. Several experiments were found during the search for Columbia debris. Included in the Commercial ITA Biomedical Experiments payload on mission STS-107 are urokinase cancer research, microencapsulation of drugs, the Growth of Bacterial Biofilm on Surfaces during Spaceflight (GOBBSS), and tin crystal formation.

  14. An excellent navigation system and experience in craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery: a double-center study.

    PubMed

    Dai, Jiewen; Wu, Jinyang; Wang, Xudong; Yang, Xudong; Wu, Yunong; Xu, Bing; Shi, Jun; Yu, Hongbo; Cai, Min; Zhang, Wenbin; Zhang, Lei; Sun, Hao; Shen, Guofang; Zhang, Shilei

    2016-06-16

    Numerous problems regarding craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery are not well understood. In this study, we performed a double-center clinical study to quantitatively evaluate the characteristics of our navigation system and experience in craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery. Fifty-six patients with craniomaxillofacial disease were included and randomly divided into experimental (using our AccuNavi-A system) and control (using Strker system) groups to compare the surgical effects. The results revealed that the average pre-operative planning time was 32.32 mins vs 29.74 mins between the experimental and control group, respectively (p > 0.05). The average operative time was 295.61 mins vs 233.56 mins (p > 0.05). The point registration orientation accuracy was 0.83 mm vs 0.92 mm. The maximal average preoperative navigation orientation accuracy was 1.03 mm vs 1.17 mm. The maximal average persistent navigation orientation accuracy was 1.15 mm vs 0.09 mm. The maximal average navigation orientation accuracy after registration recovery was 1.15 mm vs 1.39 mm between the experimental and control group. All patients healed, and their function and profile improved. These findings demonstrate that although surgeons should consider the patients' time and monetary costs, our qualified navigation surgery system and experience could offer an accurate guide during a variety of craniomaxillofacial surgeries.

  15. Modified Hybrid Procedure in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: Initial Experience of a Center in Northeastern Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Faria, Renato Max; Pacheco, Juliana Torres; de Oliveira, Itamar Ribeiro; Vidal, José Madson; Rodrigues Junior, Anilton Bezerra; Costa, Ana Luiza Lafeta; Nina, Vinicius José da Silva; Cascudo, Marcelo Matos

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Although it only corresponds to 2.5% of congenital heart defects, hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is responsible for more than 25% of cardiac deaths in the first week of life. Palliative surgery performed after the second week of life is considered an important risk factor in the treatment of HLHS. Objective The aim of this study is to describe the initial experience of a medical center in Northeastern Brazil with a modified off-pump hybrid approach for palliation of HLHS. Methods From November 2012 through November 2015, the medical records of 8 patients with HLHS undergoing hybrid procedure were retrospectively evaluated in a tertiary private hospital in Northeastern Brazil. The modified off-pump hybrid palliation consisted of stenting of the ductus arteriosus guided by fluoroscopy without contrast and banding of the main pulmonary artery branches. Demographic and clinical variables were recorded for descriptive analysis. Results Eight patients were included in this study, of whom 37.5% were female. The median age and weight at the time of the procedure was 2 days (p25% and p75% = 2 and 4.5 days, respectively) and 3150 g (p25% and p75% = 3077.5 g and 3400 g, respectively), respectively. The median length in intensive care unit stay was 6 days (p25% and p75% = 3.5% and 8 days, respectively). There were no in-hospital deaths. Four patients have undergone to the second stage of the surgical treatment of HLHS. Conclusion In this series, the initial experience with the modified off-pump hybrid procedure showed to be safe, allowing a low early mortality rate among children presenting HLHS. PMID:28832800

  16. Hepatobilio-pancreatic robotic surgery: initial experience from a single center institute.

    PubMed

    Quijano, Yolanda; Vicente, Emilio; Ielpo, Benedetto; Duran, Hipolito; Diaz, Eduardo; Fabra, Isabel; Malave, Luis; Ferri, Valentina; Plaza, Carlos; Lindemann, Jan Lammel; D'Andrea, Vito; Caruso, Riccardo

    2016-12-30

    The use of robotic surgery in the hepatobilio-pancreatic (HBP) field is still limited. Our aim is to present our early experience of robotic liver resection. A retrospective review of robotic pancreatic and liver resection was performed at Sanchinarro University hospital from October 2010 to April 2016. Since the beginning of the robotic program in our center, 22 hepatic procedures and 45 pancreatic robotic procedures have been performed. Of the 21 patients subjected to liver resection, 13 (65%) were for malignancy. There were two left hepatectomies, one right hepatectomy, one associated liver partition and portal vein ligation staged procedure (both steps by robotic approach), three bisegmentectomies and three segmentectomies, eight wedge resections, and three pericystectomies. The mean operating time was 282 min. The overall conversion rate and postoperative complication rate were 4.7 and 19%, respectively. The mean length of hospital stay was 13.4 days (range 4-64 days). Of the 45 patients subjected to pancreatic resection, 22 were male and 23 female. The average age of all patients was 62 years (range 31-82 years). The mean operating room (OR) time was 370 min (120-780 min). Among the procedures performed were 15 pancreatico-duodenectomies, 19 distal pancreatectomies, and 11 enucleations. All procedures in the HBP area were R0. Our early experience shows that robotic surgery is a safe and feasible procedure in the HBP area. The complication and mortality rates are comparable to those of open surgery, but with the advantages of minimally invasive surgery.

  17. Introducing sexual orientation and gender identity into the electronic health record: one academic health center's experience.

    PubMed

    Callahan, Edward J; Sitkin, Nicole; Ton, Hendry; Eidson-Ton, W Suzanne; Weckstein, Julie; Latimore, Darin

    2015-02-01

    Many U.S. populations experience significant health disparities. Increasing health care providers' awareness of and education about sexual orientation (SO) and gender identity (GI) diversity could help reduce health disparities among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients. The authors share the University of California, Davis, Health System's (UCDHS's) experience as it became the first U.S. academic health center to formally introduce patient SO/GI demographic data into its electronic health record (EHR) as a step toward reducing LGBT health disparities. Adding these data to the EHR initially met with resistance. The authors, members of the UCDHS Task Force for Inclusion of SO/GI in the EHR, viewed this resistance as an invitation to educate leaders, providers, and staff about LGBT health disparities and to expose providers to techniques for discussing SO/GI with patients. They describe the strategies they employed to effect institutional culture change, including involvement of senior leadership, key informant interviews, educational outreach via grand rounds and resident workshops, and creation of a patient safety net through inviting providers to self-identify as welcoming LGBT patients. The ongoing cultural change process has inspired spin-off projects contributing to an improved climate for LGBT individuals at UCDHS, including an employee organization supporting SO/GI diversity, support for and among LGBT medical learners through events and listservs, development and implementation of an LGBT health curriculum, and creation of peer navigator programs for LGBT patients with cancer. The authors reflect on lessons learned and on institutional pride in and commitment to providing quality care for LGBT patients.

  18. An excellent navigation system and experience in craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery: a double-center study

    PubMed Central

    Dai, Jiewen; Wu, Jinyang; Wang, Xudong; Yang, Xudong; Wu, Yunong; Xu, Bing; Shi, Jun; Yu, Hongbo; Cai, Min; Zhang, Wenbin; Zhang, Lei; Sun, Hao; Shen, Guofang; Zhang, Shilei

    2016-01-01

    Numerous problems regarding craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery are not well understood. In this study, we performed a double-center clinical study to quantitatively evaluate the characteristics of our navigation system and experience in craniomaxillofacial navigation surgery. Fifty-six patients with craniomaxillofacial disease were included and randomly divided into experimental (using our AccuNavi-A system) and control (using Strker system) groups to compare the surgical effects. The results revealed that the average pre-operative planning time was 32.32 mins vs 29.74 mins between the experimental and control group, respectively (p > 0.05). The average operative time was 295.61 mins vs 233.56 mins (p > 0.05). The point registration orientation accuracy was 0.83 mm vs 0.92 mm. The maximal average preoperative navigation orientation accuracy was 1.03 mm vs 1.17 mm. The maximal average persistent navigation orientation accuracy was 1.15 mm vs 0.09 mm. The maximal average navigation orientation accuracy after registration recovery was 1.15 mm vs 1.39 mm between the experimental and control group. All patients healed, and their function and profile improved. These findings demonstrate that although surgeons should consider the patients’ time and monetary costs, our qualified navigation surgery system and experience could offer an accurate guide during a variety of craniomaxillofacial surgeries. PMID:27305855

  19. Does CenteringPregnancy Group Prenatal Care Affect the Birth Experience of Underserved Women? A Mixed Methods Analysis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Rhianon; Chao, Maria T; Jostad-Laswell, Ariana; Duncan, Larissa G

    2017-04-01

    We examined the birth experience of immigrant and minority women and how CenteringPregnancy (Centering), a model of group prenatal care and childbirth education, influenced that experience. In-depth interviews and surveys were conducted with a sample of racially diverse Centering participants about their birth experiences. Interview transcripts were analyzed thematically. Study participants (n = 34) were primarily low-income, Spanish-speaking immigrants with an average age of 29.7. On a scale from 1 (not satisfied) to 10 (very satisfied), women reported high satisfaction with birth (9.0) and care (9.3). In interviews, they expressed appreciation for the choice to labor with minimal medical intervention. Difficulties with communication arose from fragmented labor and delivery care by multiple providers. Centering provided women with pain coping skills, a familiar birth attendant, and knowledge to advocate for themselves. High reported satisfaction may obscure challenges to providing high quality childbirth care for marginalized women. Further study should examine the potential of Centering to positively impact underserved women's birth experiences.

  20. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for cystic fibrosis: the Montpellier center's 10-year experience.

    PubMed

    Girardet, A; Ishmukhametova, A; Willems, M; Coubes, C; Hamamah, S; Anahory, T; Des Georges, M; Claustres, M

    2015-02-01

    This study provides an overview of 10 years of experience of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for cystic fibrosis (CF) in our center. Owing to the high allelic heterogeneity of CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutations in south of France, we have set up a powerful universal test based on haplotyping eight short tandem repeats (STR) markers together with the major mutation p.Phe508del. Of 142 couples requesting PGD for CF, 76 have been so far enrolled in the genetic work-up, and 53 had 114 PGD cycles performed. Twenty-nine cycles were canceled upon in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment because of hyper- or hypostimulation. Of the remaining 85 cycles, a total of 493 embryos were biopsied and a genetic diagnosis was obtained in 463 (93.9%), of which 262 (without or with a single CF-causing mutation) were transferable. Twenty-eight clinical pregnancies were established, yielding a pregnancy rate per transfer of 30.8% in the group of seven couples with one member affected with CF, and 38.3% in the group of couples whose both members are carriers of a CF-causing mutation [including six couples with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD)]. So far, 25 children were born free of CF and no misdiagnosis was recorded. Our test is applicable to 98% of couples at risk of transmitting CF. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Single-Center Experience in Japan.

    PubMed

    Ishihara, Hiroki; Shimizu, Tomokazu; Unagami, Kohei; Hirai, Toshihito; Toki, Daisuke; Omoto, Kazuya; Okumi, Masayoshi; Imai, Yoichi; Ishida, Hideki; Tanabe, Kazunari

    2016-04-01

    Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a serious complication of solid organ transplantation; however, few large studies have been performed in Asian institutions. We review our single-center experience with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder patients in Japan. We retrospectively evaluated patients with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder following kidney transplantation between January 1985 and December 2013. The patients were divided into early-onset post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (<1 year) and late-onset post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (≥1 year) groups. Thirteen patients had the disorder, an incidence rate of 0.75% (13/1730). Early-onset post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (N = 3) had not occurred for the last two decades. In the late-onset group (N = 10), the median time of onset was 108.7 months. The Kaplan-Meier 10-year overall survival rates were 76.9% and 95.4% in patients with and without the disorder, respectively (P = 0.0001). Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder significantly affected transplant recipients' mortality. Late-onset occurred even > 10 years after transplantation; therefore, long-term monitoring of patients is needed. © 2016 International Society for Apheresis, Japanese Society for Apheresis, and Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy.

  2. Outcome of intracranial arterial stenting of symptomatic atherosclerotic disease: A single center experience from Saudi Arabia

    PubMed Central

    Said, Youssef Al; Kurdi, Khalil; Baeesa, Saleh S.; Najjar, Ahmed; Almekhlafi, Mohammed; Hassan, Ahmed

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: To present our local experience with intracranial angioplasty and stenting used for the treatment of symptomatic intracranial stenosis to assess its safety, efficacy, and outcome. Methods: This is a retrospective review of all the patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease who underwent endovascular treatment in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and research center, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2003 to December 2014. Clinical, procedural, and outcome variables were gathered. Results: We identified 22 patients who were referred for stenting of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis. In all but 3, the stents were deployed successfully (86% procedural success rate). The procedure was carried out under conscious sedation in 32%. Excellent flow was restored immediately in all successfully-stented cases. Post procedural strokes occurred in 4 patients (17.4%). One non-neurological death was identified in a patient who suffered a major post procedural stroke (4.3%). Conclusion: Intracranial atherosclerotic disease is not uncommon in our population. Angioplasty and stenting might be a valid option for the treatment of patients with recurrent symptoms despite optimal medical treatment. PMID:27744470

  3. Three-Year Experience of an Academic Medical Center Ombuds Office

    PubMed Central

    Layde, Peter M.

    2016-01-01

    An ombuds is an individual who informally helps people or groups (visitors) resolve disputes and/or interpersonal conflicts as an alternative to formal dispute resolution mechanisms within an organization. Ombuds are nearly ubiquitous in many governmental, business, and educational settings but only recently have gained visibility at medical schools. Medical schools in the United States are increasingly establishing ombuds offices as part of comprehensive conflict management systems to address concerns of faculty, staff, students, and others. As of 2015, more than 35 medical schools in the United States have active ombuds Web pages. Despite the growing number of medical schools with ombuds offices, the literature on medical school ombuds offices is scant. In this article, the authors review the first three years of experience of the ombuds office at the Medical College of Wisconsin, a freestanding medical and graduate school with a large physician practice. The article is written from the perspective of the inaugural ombuds and the president who initiated the office. The authors discuss the rationale for, costs of, potential advantages of, and initial reactions of faculty, staff, and administration to having an ombuds office in an academic medical center. Important questions relevant to medical schools that are considering an ombuds office are discussed. The authors conclude that an ombuds office can be a useful complement to traditional approaches for conflict management, regulatory compliance, and identification of systemic issues. PMID:26675192

  4. Alemtuzumab treatment for Sézary syndrome: A single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Novelli, Silvana; García-Muret, Pilar; Sierra, Jorge; Briones, Javier

    2016-01-01

    Sézary syndrome (SS) is characterized by rapidly progressive disease and poor survival. Although there is no standard treatment for SS, allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is the only treatment available that may offer a long survival. Alemtuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets CD52, has reported some efficacy in this disease. To describe the experience with alemtuzumab treatment in patients with SS in our center. A total of six patients received alemtuzumab subcutaneously at different dosing regimens. The median time of follow-up after alemtuzumab was 6 months (range 3-29 months). The overall response rate was 83.3% (5/6) with 66.7% complete responses. The disease-free survival (DFS) at 6 months was 33.3%. Increased DFS was observed in patients undergoing an alloSCT after alemtuzumab treatment. The overall survival at 6 months was 60%. Alemtuzumab is an effective treatment in advanced mycosis fungoides/SS for palliation of symptoms and may be useful as a bridge therapy before alloSCT in relapsed/refractory patients.

  5. Three-Year Experience of an Academic Medical Center Ombuds Office.

    PubMed

    Raymond, John R; Layde, Peter M

    2016-03-01

    An ombuds is an individual who informally helps people or groups (visitors) resolve disputes and/or interpersonal conflicts as an alternative to formal dispute resolution mechanisms within an organization. Ombuds are nearly ubiquitous in many governmental, business, and educational settings but only recently have gained visibility at medical schools. Medical schools in the United States are increasingly establishing ombuds offices as part of comprehensive conflict management systems to address concerns of faculty, staff, students, and others. As of 2015, more than 35 medical schools in the United States have active ombuds Web pages. Despite the growing number of medical schools with ombuds offices, the literature on medical school ombuds offices is scant. In this article, the authors review the first three years of experience of the ombuds office at the Medical College of Wisconsin, a freestanding medical and graduate school with a large physician practice. The article is written from the perspective of the inaugural ombuds and the president who initiated the office. The authors discuss the rationale for, costs of, potential advantages of, and initial reactions of faculty, staff, and administration to having an ombuds office in an academic medical center. Important questions relevant to medical schools that are considering an ombuds office are discussed. The authors conclude that an ombuds office can be a useful complement to traditional approaches for conflict management, regulatory compliance, and identification of systemic issues.

  6. Transanal surgery for obstructed defecation syndrome: Literature review and a single-center experience

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Wei-Cheng; Wan, Song-Lin; Yaseen, SM; Ren, Xiang-Hai; Tian, Cui-Ping; Ding, Zhao; Zheng, Ken-Yan; Wu, Yun-Hua; Jiang, Cong-Qing; Qian, Qun

    2016-01-01

    Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) is a functional disorder commonly encountered by colorectal surgeons and gastroenterologists, and greatly affects the quality of life of patients from both societal and psychological aspects. The underlying anatomical and pathophysiological changes of ODS are complex. However, intra-rectal intussusception and rectocele are frequently found in patients with ODS and both are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of ODS. With the development of evaluation methods in anorectal physiology laboratories and radiology studies, a great variety of new operative procedures, especially transanal procedures, have been invented to treat ODS. However, no procedure has been proved to be superior to others at present. Each operation has its own merits and defects. Thus, choosing appropriate transanal surgical procedures for the treatment of ODS remains a challenge for all surgeons. This review provides an introduction of the current problems and options for treatment of ODS and a detailed summary of the essential assessments needed for patient evaluation before carrying out transanal surgery. Besides, an overview of the benefits and problems of current transanal surgical procedures for treatment of ODS is summarized in this review. A report of clinical experience of some transanal surgical techniques used in the authors’ center is also presented. PMID:27672293

  7. Fulvestrant in advanced breast cancer following tamoxifen and aromatase inhibition: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jayson; Jain, Sandeep; Coombes, Charles R; Palmieri, Carlo

    2009-01-01

    Fulvestrant is a pure estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist with no agonist effects. We describe the experience of a single center involving 45 postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer where fulvestrant was utilized following progression on tamoxifen and a third generation aromatase inhibitor. Patients received fulvestrant as first line one (2%), second line 18 (40%), third line 13 (29%), fourth line 10 (22%), and fifth line three (7%) treatment. Median duration of treatment with Fulvestrant was 4 months (range 1-20 months). One patient had a partial response, 14 other (31%) experienced clinical benefit (CB) (defined as response or stable disease for at least 6 months). The median time to progression (TTP) from initiation of fulvestrant was 4 months (range 1-20 months) and the median survival was 10 months (range 1-55 months). In those patients who experienced CB the median TTP was 10 months (range 6-20) and median survival was 21 months (range 7-55). Fulvestrant was well tolerated; two patients experienced side effects severe enough to stop therapy. Despite the fact that fulvestrant was used in the majority of cases, later in the treatment sequence CB was seen in a number of patients. This data suggest fulvestrant is well tolerated and is a useful treatment option in patients with advanced breast cancer who progress on prior endocrine treatment.

  8. Outcome of hematopoietic cell transplantation in children with sickle cell disease, a single center's experience.

    PubMed

    Majumdar, S; Robertson, Z; Robinson, A; Starnes, S; Iyer, R; Megason, G

    2010-05-01

    Multicenter trials have shown that hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has an excellent outcome in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). As a single center, we performed a total of 11 transplants in 10 patients (6 males, 4 females) with SCD between 1997 and 2005. Eight patients had hemoglobin SS disease and two patients had HbSbeta(0) thalassemia. The median age of HCT was 10.1 (range 2.8-16.3) years. All donors were HLA-identical siblings; six patients received bone marrow (BM), two patients received mobilized peripheral blood, one patient received umbilical cord blood (UCB) and one patient received both UCB and BM from the same donor. Myeloablative conditioning regimen consisted of busulfan, horse antithymocyte globulin and cyclophosphamide. One patient had a gradual decrease in donor chimerism to 15% and subsequently received a second bone marrow transplant using a reduced intensity conditioning regimen consisting of alemtuzumab, fludarabine and melphalan leading to stable full engraftment. Currently, 9 out of 10 patients are alive with a median follow-up of 5.5 (range 2.9-11) years. As a single institution's experience with HCT in children with SCD, we report an excellent outcome, and a second HCT may be considered for patients with impending engraftment failure as a cure for SCD.

  9. Outcome of complete primary bladder exstrophy repair: single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Shoukry, A I; Ziada, A M; Morsi, H A; Habib, E I; Aref, A; Badawy, H A; Eissa, M; Daw, M

    2009-12-01

    Reconstruction of bladder exstrophy remains a challenge. We evaluated our experience with complete primary repair in classic bladder exstrophy. A retrospective data review was conducted of bladder exstrophy patients presenting at our institution between May 2000 and September 2007. Fifty-one patients (21 females and 30 males) with classic bladder exstrophy were included. Age of presentation ranged from 24h to 14 months. Mean follow up was 3 years (1 month-7 years). Patients were evaluated for continence, upper tract dilatation and cosmetic result. Eight patients (15.6%) had failed closures and six (11.7%) had fistulae. Evaluation of continence excluded 16 patients not followed up at our center. Thirty-seven percent were continent on clean intermittent catheterization after the age of 5 years. Patients became dry only after augmentation cystoplasty. Upper tract changes were mild during our study with all patients having normal serum creatinine. Patients may require more than one procedure for reconstruction. In our series, augmentation was required to achieve acceptable dryness. Early promising results with dry intervals in young patients did not translate to continence in older patients.

  10. Hyperhemolysis in Patients With Hemoglobinopathies: A Single-Center Experience and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Danaee, Anicee; Inusa, Baba; Howard, Jo; Robinson, Susan

    2015-10-01

    Hyperhemolysis is a severe and potentially life-threatening complication of transfusion described in numerous case reports and gaining recognition since 2009 via the UK Serious Hazards of Transfusion scheme. Although it is predominantly seen in patients with sickle cell disease, there are several reports of this complication in patients with other hemoglobinopathies as well as patients with a range of other hematologic diagnoses who have blood transfusions as part of their management. Our understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of this subtype of delayed transfusion reaction has increased over the last few years; however, there are still questions, which remain unanswered. In our center alone, we have encountered 9 cases in the last 5 years both in the adult and pediatric population. Here we discuss our experience in the diagnosis and management of this complication, and review other cases reported in the literature and the various existing theories behind the pathophysiology of this process. We also discuss the role of genotyping and using DNA technology to aid selection of the most appropriate blood for this patient group. With an increased awareness of hyperhemolysis, it would be advantageous to finally develop international registries to determine the true incidence of hyperhemolysis, better understand the pathophysiology, identify markers to predict which patients are at risk, and inform management guidelines.

  11. Morphea in Middle Anatolia, Turkey: a 5-year single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Bulur, Isil; Erdoğan, Hilal Kaya; Karapınar, Tekden; Saracoglu, Zeynep Nurhan

    2017-08-01

    Morphea, also referred to as localized scleroderma, is a rare fibrosing skin disorder of undetermined cause. We report our single-center experience with morphea. The study included 53 patients who were diagnosed with morphea by histopathology in our department between 2010 and 2015. Study data were collected retrospectively from the records of morphea patients. The study included 53 patients (38 women, 15 men), and median age at onset was 39.0 (range: 8-85) years. Thirty (56.6%) patients had circumscribed morphea, 15 (28.3%) had generalized morphea, and 7 (13.2%) had linear morphea. One patient had mixed variant morphea (generalized, pansclerotic and linear morphea). ANA positivity was detected in 12 (22.6%) patients, but analysis for an association between the presence of ANA and morphea types, patients' characteristics did not reveal any significant associations. We did not observe any extracutaneous manifestations in patients during follow-up period. There were 2 of 53 patients who had concomitant autoimmune disorder including vitiligo and spondyloarthritis. Thirty (56.6%) patients received only topical treatment. The patients with clinical improvement who were treated with systemic therapy received methotrexate (26.4%), colchicine (9.4%), mycophenolate mofetil (5.7%) and prednisolone (1.9%). Our results related to the demographic data of the patients and morphea types were consistent with the literature. On the other hand we observed that methotrexate was mostly used as an effective treatment option for generalized morphea.

  12. Management of vestibular schwannomas with linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Sager, Omer; Beyzadeoglu, Murat; Dincoglan, Ferrat; Demiral, Selcuk; Uysal, Bora; Gamsiz, Hakan; Oysul, Kaan; Dirican, Bahar; Sirin, Sait

    2013-01-01

    The primary goal of treatment for vestibular schwannoma is to achieve local control without comprimising regional cranial nerve function. Stereotactic radiosurgery has emerged as a viable therapeutic option for vestibular schwannoma. The aim of the study is to report our 15-year single center experience using linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of patients with vestibular schwannoma. Between July 1998 and January 2013, 68 patients with unilateral vestibular schwannoma were treated using stereotactic radiosurgery at the Department of Radiation Oncology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy. All patients underwent high-precision stereotactic radiosurgery using a linear accelerator with 6-MV photons. Median follow-up time was 51 months (range, 9-107). Median age was 45 years (range, 20-77). Median dose was 12 Gy (range, 10-13) prescribed to the 85%-95% isodose line encompassing the target volume. Local tumor control in patients with periodic follow-up imaging was 96.1%. Overall hearing preservation rate was 76.5%. Linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery offers a safe and effective treatment for patients with vestibular schwannoma by providing high local control rates along with improved quality of life through well-preserved hearing function.

  13. [Balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty, 15-year experience at the Siglo XXI IMSS National Medical Center].

    PubMed

    Juárez Rodríguez, Mariano; Alva Espinosa, Carlos; Ledesma Velasco, Mariano; Lázala Rodríguez, Gustavo; Jiménez Arteaga, Santiago; Sánchez Soberanes, Agustín; Ortegón Cardeña, José; David Gómez, Felipe; Hernández González, Martha; Magaña Serrano, José

    2003-01-01

    To evaluate 15 years of experience with balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty in a single third level health care center. Hundred-fifty patients underwent the procedure, 73 (48%) men and 77 (52%) women, mean age 10.5 +/- 11.3 years. The initial systolic gradient decreased from 86 +/- 35 to 21.67 +/- 12.20 mm Hg, p < 0.001, whereas the initial right ventricular systolic pressure decreased from 106 +/- 34.8 to 53 +/- 27 mm Hg, p < 0.0001. At the end of the follow-up, 48 +/- 44 months, the systolic gradient was 13.43 +/- 8.73 mm Hg, p < 0.001. Major complications occurred in 9 (6.4%) patients. Immediate technical success was achieved in 111 (74%) patients and failure in 39 (26%). At the end of the follow-up period, successful outcomes were achieved in 104 (89.6%); in contrast, failures were present in 12 (10.4%) patients, p < 0.001. Death occurred in 2 (1.33%) patients. The predictors for failure were age < 1.5 +/- 1-33 years (p < 0.004), dysplastic valve (p < 0.001), high initial systolic gradient (p < 0.002), and high initial systolic right ventricular pressure (p < 0.0001). Balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty is an effective, safe, and first choice treatment for congenital pulmonary valve stenosis.

  14. Rural District Nursing Experiences of Successful Advocacy for Person-Centered End-of-Life Choice.

    PubMed

    Reed, Frances M; Fitzgerald, Les; Bish, Melanie R

    2016-05-05

    Choices in care during the end stages of life are limited by the lack of resources and access for rural people. Nursing advocacy based on the holistic understanding of people and their rural communities may increase the opportunity for choice and improve the quality of care for people living and dying at home. Pragmatism and nurse agency theory were used for a practical exploration of how district nurses successfully advocate for rural Australian end-of-life goals to begin the development of a practice model. In two stages of data collection, rural district nurse informants (N = 7) were given the opportunity to reflect on successful advocacy and to write about their experiences before undertaking further in-depth exploration in interviews. They defined successful advocacy as "caring" that empowers people in the "big and small" personal goals important for quality of life. The concepts described that enable successful advocacy were organized into a network with three main themes of "willing" investment in holistic person-centered care, "knowing" people and resources, and feeling "supported." The thematic network description provides deep insight into the emotional skill and moral agency involved in successful end-of-life nurse advocacy and can be used as a sound basis for modeling and testing in future research.

  15. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-assisted laparoscopic anorectoplasty for imperforate anus: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Tina T; Teitelbaum, Daniel H; Smith, Ethan A; Dillman, Jonathan R; Vellody, Ranjith; Jarboe, Marcus D

    2017-01-01

    Surgical procedures for high imperforate anus have ranged from the posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) to laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty (LAARP). PSARP bisects the sphincter muscle complex, introducing muscle injury and scarring. LAARP uses a straight trocar to traverse an often non-linear sphincter muscle complex. MRI-assisted LAARP (MRI-LAARP) guides the neorectum precisely through the middle of the entire sphincter complex along its trajectory. We present our experience utilizing MRI intraoperatively during LAARP. Ten children underwent MRI-LAARP procedures. Intraoperative MRI was performed to delineate the sphincter complex, and to guide the advancement of an MRI-compatible needle through the center of the complex from skin to the peritoneal cavity. The remainder of the procedure was completed using the standard LAARP technique. All had successful MRI needle placement through the sphincter complex. Nine patients had successful laparoscopic pull-through procedures; one was converted to open due to severe intraperitoneal adhesions. Postoperative stay averaged 5.4 ± 4.4 days. Out of the ten patients, one child had mild dehiscence of the anal anastomosis requiring revision 11 days postoperatively. The theoretical advantage of the MRI-LAARP is placing the neorectum through the entire sphincter complex without transecting the muscle. Follow-up of these patients shows good short-term results; however, long-term follow-up will be needed to best assess sphincter and bowel function.

  16. Turner syndrome: review of clinical, neuropsychiatric, and EEG status: an experience of tertiary center.

    PubMed

    Saad, Khaled; Abdelrahman, Ahmed A; Abdel-Raheem, Yasser F; Othman, Essam R; Badry, Reda; Othman, Hisham A K; Sobhy, Karema M

    2014-03-01

    We reviewed the clinical, neuropsychiatric, and EEG status of 53 turner syndrome (TS) females, aged 3-16 years, in Assiut university hospitals, Upper Egypt. The diagnosis and care of patients with TS in Egypt is still in the developing stage. Hence this study was undertaken to review the details of patients with TS with respect to the pattern of cognitive, psychiatric, and motor dysfunction. We aimed to provide a comprehensive data about the experience of our center comparable to previous studies, which have been published in this field. This will contribute to a better definition of the neuropsychiatric features that may be specific to TS that allows early and better detection and management of these cases. We found FSIQ and verbal IQ that seem to be at a nearly normal level and a decreased performance IQ. ADHD and autistic symptoms were found in 20.70 and 3.77 % of our cohort, respectively. The motor performance in TS was disturbed, with some neurological deficits present in 17 % (reduced muscle tone and reduced muscle power). In addition, females with TS in our study exhibit social and emotional problems, including anxiety (5.66 %) and depression (11.30 %). The EEG results revealed abnormalities in seven patients (13.20 %). One patient presenting with generalized tonic-clonic seizures showed generalized epileptiform activity, and six patients presenting with intellectual disabilities showed abnormal EEG background activity.

  17. Introducing an enhanced recovery after surgery program in colorectal surgery: A single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Bona, Stefano; Molteni, Mattia; Rosati, Riccardo; Elmore, Ugo; Bagnoli, Pietro; Monzani, Roberta; Caravaca, Monica; Montorsi, Marco

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To study the implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program at a large University Hospital from “pilot study” to “standard of care”. METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective single centre cohort study. A prospective evaluation of compliance to a protocol based on full application of all ERAS principles, through the progressive steps of its implementation, was performed. Results achieved in the initial pilot study conducted by a dedicated team (n = 47) were compared to those achieved in the shared protocol phase (n = 143) three years later. Outcomes were length of postoperative hospital stay, readmission rate, compliance to the protocol and morbidity. Primary endpoint was the description of the results and the identification of critical issues of large scale implementation of an ERAS program in colorectal surgery emerged in the experience of a single center. Secondary endpoint was the identification of interventions that have been proven to be effective for facilitating the transition from traditional care pathways to a multimodal management protocol according to ERAS principles in colorectal surgery at a single center. RESULTS: During the initial pilot study (March 2009 to December 2010; 47 patients) conducted by a dedicated multidisciplinary team, compliance to the items of ERAS protocol was 93%, with a median length of hospital stay (LOS) of 3 d. Early anastomotic fistulas were observed in 2 cases (4.2%), which required reoperation (Clavien-Dindo grade IIIb). None of the patients had been discharged before the onset of the complication, which could therefore receive prompt treatment. There were also four (8.5%) minor complications (Clavien-Dindo grade II). Thirty days readmission rate was 4%. Perioperative mortality was nil. After implementation of the protocol throughout the Hospital in unselected patients (May 2012 to December 2012; 147 patients) compliance was 74%, with a median LOS of 6 d. Early anastomotic fistulas

  18. Pyridostigmine in the treatment of postural orthostatic tachycardia: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Kanjwal, Khalil; Karabin, Beverly; Sheikh, Mujeeb; Elmer, Lawrence; Kanjwal, Yousuf; Saeed, Bilal; Grubb, Blair P

    2011-06-01

    The long-term efficacy of pyridostigmine, a reversible acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor, in the treatment of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) patients remains unclear. We report our retrospective, single-center, long-term experience regarding the efficacy and adverse effect profile of pyridostigmine in the treatment of POTS patients. This retrospective study included an extensive review of electronic charts and data collection in regards to patient demographics, orthostatic parameters, side-effect profile, subjective response to therapy, as well as laboratory studies recorded at each follow-up visit to our institution's Syncope and Autonomic Disorders Center. The response to pyridostigmine therapy was considered successful if patient had both symptom relief in addition to an objective response in orthostatic hemodynamic parameters (heart rate [HR] and blood pressure). Three hundred patients with POTS were screened for evaluation in this study. Of these 300, 203 patients with POTS who received pyridostigmine therapy were reviewed. Of these 203 patients, 168 were able to tolerate the medication after careful dose titration. The mean follow-up duration in this group of patients was 12 ± 3 (9-15) months. Pyridostigmine improved symptoms of orthostatic intolerance in 88 of 203 (43%) of total patients or 88 of 172 (51%) who were able to tolerate the drug. The symptoms that improved the most included fatigue (55%), palpitations (60%), presyncope (60%), and syncope (48%). Symptom reduction correlated with a statistically significant improvement in upright HR and diastolic blood pressure after treatment with pyridostigmine as compared to their baseline hemodynamic parameters (standing HR 94 ± 19 vs 82 ± 16, P < 0.003, standing diastolic blood pressure 71 ± 11 vs 74 ± 12, P < 0.02). Gastrointestinal problems were the most common adverse effects (n = 39, 19%) reported. The overall efficacy of pyridostigmine in our study was seen in 42% of total patients or

  19. Introducing an enhanced recovery after surgery program in colorectal surgery: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Bona, Stefano; Molteni, Mattia; Rosati, Riccardo; Elmore, Ugo; Bagnoli, Pietro; Monzani, Roberta; Caravaca, Monica; Montorsi, Marco

    2014-12-14

    To study the implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program at a large University Hospital from "pilot study" to "standard of care". The study was designed as a prospective single centre cohort study. A prospective evaluation of compliance to a protocol based on full application of all ERAS principles, through the progressive steps of its implementation, was performed. Results achieved in the initial pilot study conducted by a dedicated team (n = 47) were compared to those achieved in the shared protocol phase (n = 143) three years later. Outcomes were length of postoperative hospital stay, readmission rate, compliance to the protocol and morbidity. Primary endpoint was the description of the results and the identification of critical issues of large scale implementation of an ERAS program in colorectal surgery emerged in the experience of a single center. Secondary endpoint was the identification of interventions that have been proven to be effective for facilitating the transition from traditional care pathways to a multimodal management protocol according to ERAS principles in colorectal surgery at a single center. During the initial pilot study (March 2009 to December 2010; 47 patients) conducted by a dedicated multidisciplinary team, compliance to the items of ERAS protocol was 93%, with a median length of hospital stay (LOS) of 3 d. Early anastomotic fistulas were observed in 2 cases (4.2%), which required reoperation (Clavien-Dindo grade IIIb). None of the patients had been discharged before the onset of the complication, which could therefore receive prompt treatment. There were also four (8.5%) minor complications (Clavien-Dindo grade II). Thirty days readmission rate was 4%. Perioperative mortality was nil. After implementation of the protocol throughout the Hospital in unselected patients (May 2012 to December 2012; 147 patients) compliance was 74%, with a median LOS of 6 d. Early anastomotic fistulas were observed in 11 cases (7

  20. Advancing user experience research to facilitate and enable patient-centered research: current state and future directions.

    PubMed

    Payne, Philip R O

    2013-01-01

    Human-computer interaction and related areas of user experience (UX) research, such as human factors, workflow evaluation, and data visualization, are thus essential to presenting data in ways that can further the analysis of complex data sets such as those used in patient-centered research. However, a review of available data on the state of UX research as it relates to patient-centered research demonstrates a significant underinvestment and consequently a large gap in knowledge generation. In response, this report explores trends in funding and research productivity focused on UX and patient-centered research and then presents a set of recommendations to advance innovation at this important intersection point. Ultimately, the aim is to catalyze a community-wide dialogue concerning future directions for research and innovation in UX as it applies to patient-centered research.

  1. Advancing User Experience Research to Facilitate and Enable Patient-Centered Research: Current State and Future Directions

    PubMed Central

    Payne, Philip R.O.

    2013-01-01

    Human-computer interaction and related areas of user experience (UX) research, such as human factors, workflow evaluation, and data visualization, are thus essential to presenting data in ways that can further the analysis of complex data sets such as those used in patient-centered research. However, a review of available data on the state of UX research as it relates to patient-centered research demonstrates a significant underinvestment and consequently a large gap in knowledge generation. In response, this report explores trends in funding and research productivity focused on UX and patient-centered research and then presents a set of recommendations to advance innovation at this important intersection point. Ultimately, the aim is to catalyze a community-wide dialogue concerning future directions for research and innovation in UX as it applies to patient-centered research. PMID:25848566

  2. New insights into folliculotropic mycosis fungoides (FMF): A single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Hodak, Emmilia; Amitay-Laish, Iris; Atzmony, Lihi; Prag-Naveh, Hadas; Yanichkin, Natalia; Barzilai, Aviv; Kershenovich, Ruben; Feinmesser, Meora

    2016-08-01

    It is generally accepted that folliculotropic mycosis fungoides (FMF) is usually typified by indurated plaques and tumors mainly on the head/neck and an aggressive course. However, its clinical manifestations have long been recognized to be quite variable, and some studies indicate a better prognosis for certain presentations. We sought to summarize our experience with the clinicopathological presentations of FMF and impact on prognosis. Data were collected retrospectively for adults with FMF followed up prospectively at a tertiary medical center in 1995 through 2014. In all, 34 patients presented with follicle-based patch/flat plaques, keratosis pilaris-like lesions, and/or acneiform lesions, defined clinically as early stage (IA, IB), and 15 presented with follicle-based infiltrated plaques and/or tumors, defined as advanced stage (IIB). The head/neck was involved in all tumor-stage cases, whereas early-stage lesions involved mainly the trunk/limbs. The tumor stage was characterized by more pruritus, heavier perifollicular infiltrates, greater vertical depth, and more frequent presence of eosinophils. On multivariate analysis, infiltrate density was the only significant histopathological discriminator between the stages. Estimated 5-year survival was 0.94 in the early-stage group and 0.69 in the tumor-stage group. Lack of long-term follow-up and relatively small sample are limitations. FMF presents with 2 distinct patterns of clinicopathologic features, early stage and advanced stage, each with different prognostic implications. Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Women's experiences accessing a women-centered cardiac rehabilitation program: a qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Rolfe, Danielle E; Sutton, Erica J; Landry, Mireille; Sternberg, Len; Price, Jennifer A D

    2010-01-01

    The health benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) for women living with heart disease are well documented, yet women remain underrepresented in traditionally structured CR programs. This health service delivery gap has been attributed to a number of sex-related factors experienced by women, including lower rates of physician referral, travel-related barriers, competing work and caregiving responsibilities, greater cardiovascular disease severity, and number of comorbid health conditions. Whether a program specifically designed for women is able to address these barriers and facilitate women's participation is a question that has seldom been explored in the CR literature. As part of a larger study exploring whether 6 predefined principles of women's health (empowerment of women, accessible programs, broad definition of health care, high-quality of care, collaborative planning, and innovative and creative approaches) are reflected in the practices of the Women's Cardiovascular Health Initiative (WCHI) (a comprehensive CR and primary prevention program designed for women), the objective of this analysis was to explore how the principle of "accessible programs" is experienced by women participating in the WCHI. Fourteen women previously enrolled in the WCHI program participated in a single, in-person qualitative interview. Transcripts were analyzed using a constant-comparative approach to identify relevant themes related to program accessibility. Key themes identified included participants' experiences with acquiring physician referral, negotiating transportation issues, and navigating program schedules. Women discussed how peer support and staff members' willingness to address their health-related concerns facilitated their participation. While a women-centered CR/primary prevention program may facilitate and encourage women's participation by providing flexible program schedules as well as peer and professional support, efforts are still required to address

  4. CryoPlasty therapy of the superficial femoral and popliteal arteries: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Samson, Russell H; Showalter, David P; Lepore, Michael R; Ames, Scott

    Long-term patency remains a significant hurdle in the minimally invasive treatment of arteriosclerosis in the superficial femoral and popliteal arteries. New technologies designed to address the sources of restenosis have recently been introduced. CryoPlasty therapy (Boston Scientific, Natick, Mass) is a new approach designed to significantly reduce injury, elastic recoil, stent implantation, neointimal hyperplasia, and constrictive remodeling. The technique combines the dilatation forces of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with cold thermal energy applied to the plaque and vessel wall. The cumulative effect of limiting the sources of restenosis with CryoPlasty therapy was shown to demonstrate longer term patency in a prospective, multicenter, Investigational Device Exemption study of the PolarCath Peripheral Dilatation System. The CryoPlasty therapy experience of 1 center is reported, in which 47 lesions in 32 consecutive patients (34 procedures, 33 limbs) were treated. The technical success rate was 96%. There were no type 3 flow-limiting dissections, and only 4 (8.5%) lesions were stented. There were no unanticipated adverse events, specifically no thrombus, acute occlusions, distal embolizations, aneurysms, or groin complications. With an average follow-up of 12 months, only 5 lesions have recurred, 4 requiring re-intervention. The 12-month freedom from restenosis for lesions and limbs treated was 82.2% and 84.4%, respectively. These results are similar to the findings of the Investigational Device Exemption study and are encouraging. CryoPlasty therapy appears to be a viable endovascular therapeutic option to achieve longer term patency without compromising options for future interventions. The lack of early occlusions may be due to a low rate of spiral dissection that may be a particular benefit of this form of angioplasty.

  5. Keratoglobus: An experience at a tertiary eye care center in India

    PubMed Central

    Rathi, Varsha M; Murthy, Somasheila I; Bagga, Bhupesh; Taneja, Mukesh; Chaurasia, Sunita; Sangwan, Virender S

    2015-01-01

    Context: This study was carried out as a part of an internal audit and is the largest series of patients having keratoglobus, published in the literature. Poor visual acuity of the patients indicates the blinding nature of the disease. Aims: We report our experience with patients having keratoglobus at a tertiary eye care center in India. Settings and Design: Retrospective study. Materials and Methods: We analyzed adults and pediatric patients (<16 years) with keratoglobus, seen during 2008–2012. The age, gender, consanguinity, presenting ocular signs, ocular and systemic associations, visual acuity, corneal topography, and surgeries were documented. Results: Forty-eight patients (mean age 22 ± 15 years, 31 males) having keratoglobus were analyzed. 21 patients (42 eyes) were <16 years. Twelve eyes (16 events) had positive history of trauma. The presenting clinical signs were corneal scars/scars of tear repair (15 eyes), hydrops, healed and acute (14 eyes) and corneal or globe rupture (9 eyes). Best-corrected visual acuity was >20/40 in 6/42 (14.3%) pediatric eyes and 15/53 (28.30%) adults. Visual acuity ranging from counting of fingers to no light perception was noted in 20/53 (37.74%) adults and 21/42 (50%) pediatric patients; 13/20 (65%) with blue sclera and 8/22 eyes (36.37%) without blue sclera. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis was present in one pediatric patient. Choroidal osteoma, retinitis pigmentosa, and retinal detachment were present in adults. Surgeries performed were corneal tear repair (5 eyes), tissue adhesive application (2 eyes), descematopexy (4 eyes) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK - 8 eyes: Three had post-PK glaucoma, graft failure-one eye, 4 patients wore scleral lens - prosthetic replacement of the ocular surface ecosystem). Conclusions: About 50% of pediatric eyes (65% having blue sclera) had no functional vision. Trivial trauma was responsible for corneal rupture indicating need for protective glasses. About 50% patients had post-PK glaucoma

  6. Management of traumatic popliteal vascular injuries in a level I trauma center: A 6-year experience.

    PubMed

    Sciarretta, Jason D; Macedo, Francisco Igor B; Otero, Christian A; Figueroa, Jose N; Pizano, Louis R; Namias, Nicholas

    2015-06-01

    Popliteal vascular trauma remains a challenging entity, and carries the greatest risk of limb loss among the lower extremity vascular injuries. Operative management of traumatic popliteal vascular injuries continues to evolve. We aim at describing our experience with such complex injuries, with associated patterns of injury, diagnostic and therapeutic challenges, and outcomes. From January 2006 to September 2011, 191 adult trauma patients presented to an urban level I trauma center in Miami, Florida with traumatic lower extremity vascular injuries. Variables collected included age, gender, mechanism of injury, and clinical status at presentation. Surgical data included vessel injury, technical aspects of repair, associated complications and outcomes. Forty-seven (24.6%) patients were diagnosed with traumatic popliteal vascular injuries. Mean age was 38.1 ± 16.1 years, and the majority of patients were males (43 patients, 91.4%). There were 21 (44.7%) penetrating injuries, and 26 (55.3%) blunt injuries. Vascular repair with saphenous venous interposition graft and PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) grafting were performed in 36 (70.7%) and 2 (3.9%) patients, respectively. Blunt popliteal injuries were significantly more associated with major tissue loss, and length of hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stays. The risk for amputation is increased with longer ICU stays and the use of PTFE grafting for vascular repair. The overall mortality rate in this series was 8.5%. Blunt popliteal vascular injuries are associated with increased morbidity compared to penetrating trauma. Early restoration of blood perfusion, frequent use of interposition grafts with autogenous saphenous vein, and liberal use of fasciotomies play important role to achieve acceptable outcomes. Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Older People’s Experiences of Patient-Centered Treatment for Chronic Pain: A Qualitative Study

    PubMed Central

    Teh, Carrie F.; Karp, Jordan F.; Kleinman, Arthur; Reynolds, Charles F.; Weiner, Debra K.; Cleary, Paul D.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Older adults with chronic pain who seek treatment often are in a health care environment that emphasizes patient-directed care, a change from the patriarchal model of care to which many older adults are accustomed. Objective To explore the experiences of older adults seeking treatment for chronic pain, with respect to patient-directed care and the patient–provider relationship. Design In-depth interviews with 15 Caucasian older adults with chronic pain who had been evaluated at a university-based pain clinic. All interviews were audiotaped and the transcripts were analyzed using a grounded theory based approach. Results Older adults with chronic pain vary in their willingness to be involved in their treatment decisions. Many frequently participate in decisions about their pain treatment by asking for or refusing specific treatments, demanding quality care, or operating outside of the patient–provider relationship to manage pain on their own. However, others prefer to let their provider make the decisions. In either case, having a mutually respectful patient–provider relationship is important to this population. Specifically, participants described the importance of “being heard” and “being understood” by providers. Conclusions As some providers switch from a patriarchal model of care toward a model of care that emphasizes patient activation and patient-centeredness, the development and cultivation of valued patient–provider relationships may change. While it is important to encourage patient involvement in treatment decisions, high-quality, patient-centered care for older adults with chronic pain should include efforts to strengthen the patient–provider relationship by attending to differences in patients’ willingness to engage in patient-directed care and emphasizing shared decision-making. PMID:19207235

  8. Medical and surgical management for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Coronel, María Lorena; Chamorro, Núria; Blanco, Isabel; Amado, Verónica; Del Pozo, Roberto; Pomar, José Luis; Badia, Joan Ramón; Rovira, Irene; Matute, Purificación; Argemí, Gemma; Castellà, Manuel; Barberà, Joan Albert

    2014-12-01

    Pulmonary endarterectomy (PE) is the treatment of choice for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The aim of this study was to analyze our experience in the medical and surgical management of CTEPH. We included 80 patients diagnosed with CTEPH between January 2000 and July 2012. Thirty two patients underwent PE and 48 received medical treatment (MT). We analyzed functional class (FC), six-minute walking distance (6MWD) and pulmonary hemodynamics. Mortality in both groups and periods were analyzed. Patients who underwent PE were younger, mostly men, and had longer 6MWD. No differences were observed in pulmonary hemodynamics or FC at diagnosis. One year after treatment, all PE patients versus 41% in MT group were at FCI-II. At follow-up, the PE group showed greater increase in 6MWD, and greater reduction in mean pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance than the MT group (P<.05). Overall survival in the MT group at 1 and 5years was 83% and 69%, respectively. Conditional survival in patients alive 100days post-PE at 1 and 5years was 95% and 88%, respectively. Surgical mortality in operated patients in the first period (2000-2006) was 31,3%, and 6,3% in the second (2007-2012). PE provides good clinical results, and improves pulmonary hemodynamics in patients who successfully overcome the immediate postoperative period. After a learning period, the current operatory mortality in our center is similar to international standards. Copyright © 2013 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. Meningitis and Meningoencephalitis among Israel Defense Force Soldiers: 20 Years Experience at the Hadassah Medical Centers.

    PubMed

    Pikkel, Yoav Y; Ben-Hur, Tamir; Eliahou, Ruth; Honig, Asaf

    2015-11-01

    Meningitis and meningoencephalitis pose major risks of morbidity and mortality. To describe 20 years of experience treating infections of the central nervous system in Israel Defense Force (IDF) soldiers, including the common presentations, pathogens and sequelae, and to identify risk groups among soldiers. All soldiers who were admitted to the Hadassah University Medical Center (both campuses: Ein Kerem and Mt. Scopus) due to meningitis and meningoencephalitis from January 1993 to January 2014 were included in this retrospective study. Clinical, laboratory and radiologic data were reviewed from their hospital and army medical corps files. Attention was given to patients' military job description, i.e., combat vs. non-combat soldier, soldiers in training, and medical personnel. We identified 97 cases of suspected meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Six were mistakenly filed and these patients were found to have other disorders. Four soldiers were diagnosed with epidural abscess and five with meningitis due to non-infectious in flammatory diseases. Eighty-two soldiers in active and reserve duty had infectious meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Of these, 46 (56.1%) were combat soldiers and 31 (37.8%) non-combat; 20 (29.2%) were soldiers in training, 10 (12.2%) were training staff and 8 (9.8%) were medical staff. The main pathogens were enteroviruses, Epstein-Barr virus an d Neisseria meningitidis. In our series, soldiers in training, combat soldiers and medical personnel had meningitis and meningoencephalitis more than other soldiers. Enteroviruses are highly infectious pathogens and can cause outbreaks. N. meningitidis among IDF soldiers is still a concern. Early and aggressive treatment with steroids should be considered especially in robust meningoencephalitis cases.

  10. Management of colon perforation during percutaneous nephrolithotomy: 12 years of experience in a referral center.

    PubMed

    Maghsoudi, Robab-; Etemadian, Massoud; Kashi, Amir Hossein; Mehravaran, Kaveh

    2017-08-09

    The management protocol for colon perforation during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is controversial due to the scarcity of reported cases and their management diversity. We present our management experience of colon perforation during PNL. All PNL operations between April 2004 and September 2016 in our center (N=11376) were reviewed for the occurrence and management of colon perforation. We typically performed PNL with insertion of nephrostomy tube before mid 2007. After mid 2007, we typically perform tubeless PNL and inspect access tract for evidence of organ injury especially colon perforation during nephroscope removal. 17 colon perforations happened during the study period. The first 3 cases were diagnosed postoperatively and in 2 patients open surgery was employed for treatment. The next 14 cases were diagnosed intraoperatively (n=12) or in the early postoperative period (n=2) and were managed by broad spectrum antibiotics, bowel rest, and urinary Dj and Foley catheter insertion. Percutaneous retroperitoneal drain was inserted for only one patient after intraoperative diagnosis of colon perforation. The other 13 patients were managed without insertion of such drains. For one patient, postoperative insertion of retroperitoneal drain was attempted due to collection of urine. In other patients (n=12), the management was successful with no need for an operation. Complications according to Clavien-Dindo grade in these 17 patients were grade II, IIIa and IIIb in 13, 1, and 3 patients respectively. Colon perforation during PNL which is diagnosed intraoperatively or in the very early postoperative period can be managed conservatively. It seems possible not to insert colostomy or retroperitoneal drains in stable patients with early or intraoperative diagnosis. In cases of delayed diagnosis, or deterioration of the patient on tubeless management, the standard protocol should be performed including insertion of colonic or retroperitoneal drain or surgery especially

  11. Robotic surgery for rectal cancer: a single center experience of 100 consecutive cases.

    PubMed

    Stănciulea, O; Eftimie, M; David, L; Tomulescu, V; Vasilescu, C; Popescu, I

    2013-01-01

    Minimally invasive techniques have revolutionized the field of general surgery over the few last decades. Despite its advantages, in complex procedures such as rectal surgery, laparoscopy has not achieved a high penetration rate because of its steep learning curve, its relatively high conversion rate and technical challenges. The aim of this study was to present a single center experience with robotic surgery for rectal cancer focusing mainly on early and mid-term postoperative outcome. A series of 100 consecutive patients who underwent robotic rectal surgery between January 2008 and June 2012 was analyzed retrospectively in terms of demographics, pathological data, surgical and oncological outcomes. Seventy-seven patients underwent robotic sphincter-saving resection, and 23 patients underwent robotic abdominoperineal resection. There were 4 conversions. The median operative time for sphincter-saving procedures was 180 min. The median time for robotic abdominoperineal resection was 160 min. The median distal resection margin of the operative specimen was 3 cm. The median number of retrieved lymph nodes was 14. The median hospital stay was 10 days. In-hospital mortality was nil. The overall morbidity was 30%. Four patients presented transitory postoperative urinary dysfunction. Severe erectile dysfunction was reported by 3 patients. The median length of follow-up was 24 months. The 3-year overall survival rate was 90%. Robotic surgery is advantageous for both surgeons (in that it facilitates dissection in a narrow pelvis) and patients (in that it affords a very good quality of life via the preservation of sexual and urinary function in the vast majority of patients and it has low morbidity and good midterm oncological outcomes). In rectal cancer surgery, the robotic approach is a promising alternative and is expected to overcome the low penetration rate of laparoscopy in this field. Celsius.

  12. Laparoscopic Approach for Thermoablation Microwave in the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Single Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Gruttadauria, Salvatore; Pagano, Duilio; Tropea, Alessandro; Cintorino, Davide; Castellana, Luisa; Bonsignore, Pasquale; Ricotta, Calogero; Piccolo, Gaetano; Vizzini, Giovanni; Luca, Angelo

    2016-10-01

    The surgical therapy of choice for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is liver transplantation (LT) or hepatic resection, although only a small percentage of patients can undergo these procedures. Microwave thermal ablation (MWTA) can be an effective alternative treatment for HCC that complicates a cirrhotic liver disease, either as a final procedure or for downstaging patients on the waiting list for LT, or in combination with resective surgery to achieve oncological radicality. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate experience with the laparoscopic approach of MWTA at our center. In a cohort of 35 consecutive patients undergoing MWTA with laparoscopic approach between January, 2013 and May, 2016, we reviewed the demographic data, the Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage, the severity of cirrhotic liver disease, the size of the ablated lesion, the duration of the procedure, and complications occurring within 90 days of surgery. MWTA was performed by applying one to three hepatic parenchymal insertions (mean 1.8) per patient. The mean duration of surgery was 163 ± 18 minutes. There was no blood loss in any of the procedures. Complete necrosis on CT scan was achieved in 26/35 patients (75%). The mean hospital stay was 4.6 (range 2-7) days; major complications were postablation syndrome in 2/35 (5.7%), peritoneal fluid in 4/35 (11.4%), and transient jaundice in 1/35 (2.8%) patients. There was no mortality. Laparoscopic MTWA is a safe and effective treatment for unresectable HCC and when a percutaneous procedure is not feasible.

  13. Hybrid procedures for complex aortic pathology: initial experience at a single center.

    PubMed

    Da Rocha, Marcio F Maciel; Miranda, Salvador; Adriani, Domingo; Urgnani, Francesca; Riambau, Vicente A; Mulet, Jaime

    2009-08-01

    To review experience at our center with the use of hybrid techniques for treating complex aneurysms of the thoracic aorta. The medical records of 41 patients (40 male) with complex aortic aneurysms affecting supra-aortic or visceral vessels who underwent hybrid procedures between 1998 and 2007 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were in American Society of Anesthesiologists category IV. They were divided in two groups: group A comprised 32 patients with aneurysms involving the aortic arch and its branches (2 ascending aorta replacements, 1 arch repair, 13 carotid-carotid bypasses, 12 carotid-subclavian bypasses, and 4 with total arch debranching); and group B comprised 9 patients with thoracoabdominal aneurysms and visceral vessel transpositions (4 partial and 5 total debranching). The mean age in group A was 69.3+/-1.3 (range, 62-73) years and in group B, 71.5+/-5.0 (range, 68-74) years. The mean hospital stay was 18+/-7.1 days (range, 5-35) and 12+/-8.2 days (range, 2-15) in groups A and B, respectively. Overall mortality was 12.2% (3.4% and 44.4% in groups A and B, respectively) and neurological morbidity was 3.4% and 11.1% in the two groups, respectively. The results obtained with hybrid treatment of the aortic arch area were comparable with those of conventional surgery. However, thoracoabdominal repair with complete revascularization of the visceral branches was associated with high mortality. Consequently, hybrid treatment is a valid option for high-risk patients who do not require complete revascularization in the visceral area.

  14. Laparascopic cholecstectomy at Myungsung Christian Medical Center, Ethiopia: a five-years experience.

    PubMed

    Bekele, Solomon; Biluts, Hagos

    2012-07-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a recent entry in the treatment of gall bladder disease in Ethiopia mainly in private hospitals of the capital city, Addis Ababa, and is slowly gaining acceptance. Like all new techniques, it has generated considerable controversy and debate on its merits over the traditional open operation. The aim of this study was to review our experience of laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Myungsung Christian Medical in, Ethiopia A hospital based retrospective cross sectional analysis was conducted in Myungsung Christian Medical Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Patients' medical records and operation theater registers of 681 patients for whom laparoscopic cholecystectomy were done for symptomatic and complicated cholelithiasis, between January 2005 and December 2009 were analyzed using computer based statistical software SPSS version 11.0. Difference in proportions were examined using Chi-square test with its conventional criterion for statistical significance (p < 0.05). The female to male ratio was 6.6:1 with mean age of 44.4 [Standard Deviation, 0.53] years. Of the six hundred eighty-one patients admitted and planned for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 661 (97.1%) patients completed the procedure successfully (p < 0.0001) and the procedure was converted to open surgery in 20 (2.9%) for various reasons. Mean duration of operation and hospital stay were 58.9 +/- 18.2 [SD] minutes and 36.9 +/- 10.9 [SD] hours respectively. Postoperative mortality and complication rate were 0.15% and 2.94% respectively. LC is safe and effective procedure even in difficult cholelithasis (p < 0.0001), in addition the merit of laparoscopic cholecstectomy include fast recovery, minimal tissue trauma, less postoperative hospital stay (p < 0.0001). Hence, LC could be practiced by general surgeons working in third world countries.

  15. Robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy without using ureteral stent: a single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Özkan, Burak; Coşkuner, Enis Rauf; Yalçın, Veli

    2016-01-01

    Objective To share our results of robotic assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) we performed without using ureteral stent in a single center from Turkey. Material and methods Medical records of consecutive 45 patients (34 men and 11 women) who underwent RAPN for kidney lesions between March 2011 and December 2014 were retrieved, and evaluated. All the procedures were performed by a transperitoneal approach without using ureteral stent prior to surgery. Renal artery clamping was used in all cases and intraoperative ultrasonography was used in 2 cases. Results Patients undergoing RAPN had a mean tumor size of 4.42 cm (2–8) and a mean renal nephrometry score of 5.82 (4–11). The mean estimated blood loss was 250 mL (150–450 ml) and the mean operative time was 195 minutes (150–300). There was no statistical difference between the preoperative and postoperative serum creatinine levels at the first follow-up visit (0.9 vs. 0.95, p=0.087). Surgical margin positivity was not detected in any patient, and the mean surgical margin distance was calculated as 0.4 mm (0.2–10). In only 1 patient disease recurrence was detected at the 21st month of the the follow-up period, and no distant metastases was reported in our patients at a mean follow-up of 10 months (3–36 mos). Our complication rate was 11.1% and according to the Clavien system complications were as; grade 2 (3 patients), grade 3a (1 patient) and grade 3b (1 patient). Conclusion With appropriately selected patients and adequate surgical experience, RAPN performed without using ureteral stent is a safe and feasible method for localized renal tumors. PMID:27011873

  16. A single-center experience of 500 liver transplants using the modified piggyback technique by Belghiti.

    PubMed

    Mehrabi, Arianeb; Mood, Zhoobin A; Fonouni, Hamidreza; Kashfi, Arash; Hillebrand, Norbert; Müller, Sascha A; Encke, Jens; Büchler, Markus W; Schmidt, Jan

    2009-05-01

    Over the past 4 decades, the surgical techniques of liver transplantation (LTx) have permanently evolved and been modified. Among these, the modified piggyback (MPB) technique by Belghiti offers specific advantages. The objective of this study was to present our single-center experience with the MPB technique in 500 cases. Recipients' perioperative data were prospectively collected and evaluated. Postoperative and specific complications, stay in the intensive and intermediate care unit, and the mortality rate with cause of death were analyzed. Most recipients were classified as Child C (49.1%). For the patients who underwent LTx for the first time, alcoholic (23.9%) and viral (22.2%) cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (15.1%) were the prevalent indications. The overall median warm ischemia time, anastomosis duration, and operative time were 45, 108, and 320 minutes, respectively. The median intraoperative blood loss was 1500 mL. A venovenous bypass was never needed to maintain hemodynamic stability. Only in a few cases was temporary inferior vena cava clamping necessary. Most prominent surgical complications were hemorrhage, hematoma, and wound dehiscence. Renal failure occurred in 6.2% of patients. The overall median stay in the intensive and intermediate care unit was 14 days. The mortality rates within 30 and 90 days were 6.3% and 13.3%, respectively. No technique-related death occurred. The MPB technique by Belghiti is a feasible and simple LTx technique. The caval flow is preserved during the anhepatic phase, and this minimizes the need for venovenous bypass or portocaval shunt. This technique requires only 1 caval anastomosis, which is easy to perform with a short anhepatic phase. To minimize the risk of outflow obstruction, attention should be paid by doing a wide cavocavostomy cranially to the donor inferior vena cava in a door-lock manner. This technique can be applied in almost all patients undergoing LTx for the first time and liver retransplantation

  17. Role of Granulocyte Transfusions in Invasive Fusariosis: Systematic Review and Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Kadri, Sameer S.; Remy, Kenneth E.; Strich, Jeffrey R.; Gea-Banacloche, Juan; Leitman, Susan F.

    2015-01-01

    Background Invasive Fusarium infection is relatively refractory to available antifungal agents (AFAs). Invasive fusariosis (IF) occurs almost exclusively in the setting of profound neutropenia and/or systemic corticosteroid use. Treatment guidelines for IF are not well established, including the role of granulocyte transfusions (GTs) to counter neutropenia. Study Design and Methods We conducted a systematic review, identifying IF cases where GTs were used as adjunctive therapy to AFAs and also report a single-center case-series detailing our experience (1996-2012) of all IF cases treated with AFAs and GTs. In the systematic review cases, GTs were predominantly collected from non-stimulated donors, whereas, in the case-series, they were universally derived from dexamethasone/G-CSF-stimulated donors. Results Twenty-three patients met inclusion criteria for the systematic review and 11 for the case-series. Response rates post-GTs were 30% and 91% in the review and case-series, respectively. Survival to hospital discharge remained low at 30% and 45%, respectively. Ten patients in the systematic review and 3 in the case-series failed to achieve hematopoietic recovery and none of these survived. In the case-series, donor-stimulated GTs generated mean ‘same-day’ neutrophil increments of 3.35 ±1.24 ×109/L and mean overall posttransfusion neutrophil increments of 2.46 ± 0.85 ×109/L. Progressive decrements in neutrophil response to GTs in 2 cases were attributed to GT-related HLA alloimmunization. Conclusion In patients with IF, donor-stimulated GTs may contribute to high response rates by effectively bridging periods of neutropenia/marrow suppression. However, their utility in the absence of neutrophil recovery remains questionable. PMID:25857209

  18. Preliminary experience in sentinel node and occult lesion localization (SNOLL) technique—One center study

    PubMed Central

    Adamczyk, Beata; Dawid, Murawa; Karol, Połom; Arkadiusz, Spychała; Piotr, Nowaczyk; Paweł, Murawa

    2011-01-01

    Aim The aim of this study was to present one center experience in applying the SNOLL technique to patients with suspected occult breast lesions. Background In the last years, the widespread use of mammographic screening programs resulted in an increasing number of women with nonpalpable suspicious breast lesions requiring further examination. The new method called sentinel node and occult lesion localization (SNOLL) enables the intraoperative detection of nonpalpable breast tumors and sentinel node biopsy in one surgical procedure. Materials and methods 46 patients with suspected malignant lesions or diagnosed non-palpable breast cancer were subjected to a pre-operative SNOLL procedure. The day before the surgery, they were administered two radiotracers: one to localize the tumor and the other to localize the sentinel node. During the surgery, the breast tumor and the sentinel node, which in most cases had been examined intraoperatively, were detected with a handheld gamma probe and resected under its control. Results All 46 (100%) patients had their occult breast lesions resected. Histopathologic examination revealed cancer in 40 patients: in situ in 2 cases, invasive in 38 cases. All these patients had their sentinel nodes examined. In one case only, the sentinel node could not be located with a gamma probe. Intraoperative tests showed the sentinel node to be metastatic in 5 patients, who were then given a simultaneous axillary lymphadenectomy. In addition, the final histopathologic examination revealed metastasis to the sentinel node in one patient, who had to be reoperated. Conclusion SNOLL is a modern technique that enables a precise intraoperative localization of non-palpable suspected malignant breast lesions in combination with a sentinel node biopsy. Extended application of intraoperative management leads to significant decrease in the number of reoperations performed in patients with early bread cancer. PMID:24376984

  19. Morphea in Middle Anatolia, Turkey: a 5-year single-center experience

    PubMed Central

    Erdoğan, Hilal Kaya; Karapınar, Tekden; Saracoglu, Zeynep Nurhan

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Morphea, also referred to as localized scleroderma, is a rare fibrosing skin disorder of undetermined cause. Aim We report our single-center experience with morphea. Material and methods The study included 53 patients who were diagnosed with morphea by histopathology in our department between 2010 and 2015. Study data were collected retrospectively from the records of morphea patients. Results The study included 53 patients (38 women, 15 men), and median age at onset was 39.0 (range: 8–85) years. Thirty (56.6%) patients had circumscribed morphea, 15 (28.3%) had generalized morphea, and 7 (13.2%) had linear morphea. One patient had mixed variant morphea (generalized, pansclerotic and linear morphea). ANA positivity was detected in 12 (22.6%) patients, but analysis for an association between the presence of ANA and morphea types, patients’ characteristics did not reveal any significant associations. We did not observe any extracutaneous manifestations in patients during follow-up period. There were 2 of 53 patients who had concomitant autoimmune disorder including vitiligo and spondyloarthritis. Thirty (56.6%) patients received only topical treatment. The patients with clinical improvement who were treated with systemic therapy received methotrexate (26.4%), colchicine (9.4%), mycophenolate mofetil (5.7%) and prednisolone (1.9%). Conclusions Our results related to the demographic data of the patients and morphea types were consistent with the literature. On the other hand we observed that methotrexate was mostly used as an effective treatment option for generalized morphea. PMID:28951708

  20. Radio-chemotherapy in anal cancer: Institutional experience at a large radiation oncology center in Chile

    PubMed Central

    Russo, Moisés; Ovalle, Valentina

    2014-01-01

    Aim In this article the aim is to provide a concise narrative review and inform the institutional experience at a referral center in Chile with the use of radio-chemotherapy in anal cancer. Background Cancer of the anus and anal canal is mainly a loco-regional disease. For years the standard of care has been concomitant radio-chemotherapy, which permits organ preservation and better local control than alternative surgical procedures. Materials and methods A retrospective analysis of 44 patients treated between 2002 and 2010 was performed. Local recurrence, distant recurrence and overall survival were analyzed with the Kaplan–Meier method. Relevant groups where compared with the log-rank test and univariate analysis were done with the Cox proportional hazards model. Results Median follow-up of the cohort was 56 months, with a minimum follow-up of at least 24 months. There was a significant difference between clinical stages in disease free survival (log-rank trend p < 0.001), and a significant difference in overall survival (OS) when comparing clinical stages that were grouped in stage I–IIIa and IIIB (log-rank p = 0.001). On univariate analysis, age older than 60, having received full treatment and dose above 45 Gy were all significantly related to OS (p < 0.05). An overall survival of 45% and disease free survival of 45% at 5 years were found in our series. Conclusions Our findings show that results at the Instituto de Radiomedicina in Chile are comparable to published literature. Dismal results in stage IIIb cases indicate much work remains in therapies to achieve loco-regional control in locally advanced cases. PMID:25061522

  1. Multiple clinical presentations of lymphoproliferative disorders in pediatric liver transplant recipients: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Pinho-Apezzato, M L; Tannuri, U; Tannuri, A C A; Mello, E S; Lima, F; Gibelli, N E; Santos, M M; Ayoub, A A; Maksoud-Filho, J G; Velhote, M C; Silva, M M; Andrade, W C; Miyatani, H T

    2010-06-01

    Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a serious complication following solid organ transplantation that has been linked to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. The aim of this article was to describe a single-center experience with the multiplicity of clinical presentations of PTLD. Among 350 liver transplantations performed in 303 children, 13 survivor children displayed a histological diagnosis of PTLD (13/242 survivors; 5.4%). The age at diagnosis ranged from 12 to 258 months (median, 47), and the time from transplantation ranged from 1 to 84 months (median, 13). Ten of these children (76.9%) were EBV-naïve prior to transplantation. Fever was present in all cases. The clinical signs at presentation were anemia (92.3%), diarrhea and vomiting (69.2%), recurrent upper airway infections (38.4%), Waldeyer ring lymphoid tissue hypertrophy (23.0%), abdominal mass lesions (30.7%), massive cervical and mediastinal adenopathy (15.3%), or gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms (30.7%). One child developed fulminant hepatic allograft failure secondary to graft involvement by PTLD. Polymorphic PTLD was diagnosed in 6 patients; 7 had the diagnosis of lymphoma. Treatment consisted of stopping immunosuppression as well as starting intravenous gancyclovir and anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody therapy. The mortality rate was 53.8%. The clinical presentation of PTLD varied from fever of unknown origin to fulminant hepatic failure. The other symptoms that may be linked to the diagnosis of PTLD are pancytopenia, tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy, cervical or mediastinal lymph node enlargement, as well as abdominal masses. Despite numerous advances, the optimal treatment approach for PTLD is not completely known and the mortality rate is still high.

  2. Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Single Center Resume Overlooking Four Decades of Experience

    PubMed Central

    Emmanouilidis, Nikos; Peters, Rickmer; Ringe, Bastian P.; Güner, Zeynep; Ramackers, Wolf; Bektas, Hüseyin; Lehner, Frank; Manns, Michael; Klempnauer, Jürgen; Schrem, Harald

    2016-01-01

    Background. This is a single center oncological resume overlooking four decades of experience with liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods. All 319 LT for HCC that were performed between 1975 and 2011 were included. Predictors for HCC recurrence (HCCR) and survival were identified by Cox regression, Kaplan-Meier analysis, Log Rank, and χ2-tests where appropriate. Results. HCCR was the single strongest hazard for survival (exp⁡(B) = 10.156). Hazards for HCCR were tumor staging beyond the histologic MILAN (exp⁡(B) = 3.645), bilateral tumor spreading (exp⁡(B) = 14.505), tumor grading beyond G2 (exp⁡(B) = 8.668), and vascular infiltration of small or large vessels (exp⁡(B) = 11.612, exp⁡(B) = 18.324, resp.). Grading beyond G2 (exp⁡(B) = 10.498) as well as small and large vascular infiltrations (exp⁡(B) = 13.337, exp⁡(B) = 16.737, resp.) was associated with higher hazard ratios for long-term survival as compared to liver transplantation beyond histological MILAN (exp⁡(B) = 4.533). Tumor dedifferentiation significantly correlated with vascular infiltration (χ2p = 0.006) and intrahepatic tumor spreading (χ2p = 0.016). Conclusion. LT enables survival from HCC. HCC dedifferentiation is associated with vascular infiltration and intrahepatic tumor spreading and is a strong hazard for HCCR and survival. Pretransplant tumor staging should include grading by biopsy, because grading is a reliable and easily accessible predictor of HCCR and survival. Detection of dedifferentiation should speed up the allocation process. PMID:27057348

  3. Laparoscopic splenectomy: a single center experience. Unusual cases and expanded inclusion criteria for laparoscopic approach.

    PubMed

    Marte, Gianpaolo; Scuderi, Vincenzo; Rocca, Aldo; Surfaro, Giuseppe; Migliaccio, Carla; Ceriello, Antonio

    2013-06-01

    Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is nowadays considered as the gold standard for most hematological diseases where splenectomy is necessary, but many questions still remain. The aim of this study was to analyze our 5-years experiences consisting of 48 consecutive LS cases in order to assess the optimal approach and the feasibility of the procedure also in malignant diseases and unusual cases such as a primary spleen lymphoma, a big splenic artery aneurism, or a spleen infarct due to a huge pancreatic pseudo-cyst. Forty-eight consecutive patients underwent LS from January 2006 to January 2011 with at least 1-year follow-up. Clinical data and immediate outcome were retrospectively recorded; age, diagnosis, operation time, perioperative transfusion requirement, conversion rate, accessory incision, hospital stay, and complications were analyzed. We had 14 cases of malignant splenic disease, the most frequent malignant diagnosis was non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (12/14, 85.7 %). Splenomegaly (interpole diameter (ID) >20 cm) was observed in 12 cases (25 %) and massive splenomegaly (ID >25 cm) in 3 cases (6.25 %). Conversion to laparotomy occurred in two patients (4.16 %), both associated to uncontrollable bleeding in patients with splenomegaly. Mean operative time was 138 ± 22 min. Mean hospital stay was 4.5 days. Postoperative morbidity rate was 8.8 % for the benign group and 35.7 % in the malignant group. Mortality occurred in 1/48 patients (2.08 %), as a result of overwhelming post-splenectomy infection (OPSI). LS can be performed safely for malignant splenic disease and splenomegaly without any statistically significant increase of morbidity and mortality rate. Conversion rate is increased for massive splenomegaly. LS should be considered as the preferential approach even in patients with malignant disease, splenomegaly, or unusual cases. Massive splenomegaly should be considered as relative contraindication to LS even at experienced centers.

  4. Outcomes of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy: Experience of a fellowship trainee at a tertiary care center

    PubMed Central

    Kamal, Saurabh; Ali, Mohammad Javed; Nair, Akshay Gopinathan

    2016-01-01

    Aim: The study aims to report a single trainee's experience of learning and performing endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (En-DCR). Settings and Design: This study was a retrospective, interventional case series. Subjects and Methods: Fifty-four eyes of fifty patients presenting at a tertiary eye care center over 1 year were included in the study. All cases underwent endoscopic DCR with mitomycin-C and silicone intubation. The parameters studied included demographics, clinical features, intraoperative details, and postoperative ostium evaluation. Stent removal and nasal endoscopy were performed at 6 weeks and a further ostium evaluation at 3 and 6 months following surgery. Anatomical success rate was defined as patent irrigation, and functional success rate was defined as positive functional endoscopic dye test and absence of epiphora. Results: Fifty-four eyes of fifty patients were operated, and three cases were lost to follow-up after surgery. The mean age at presentation was 34 (4–75) years. Clinical diagnosis included primary acquired nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction in 72% (39/54), acute dacryocystitis in 15% (8/54), failed DCR in 7% (4/54), and persistent congenital NLD obstruction in 5% (3/54). The first five cases needed intervention by the mentor for superior osteotomy. Common variations in anatomical landmarks were posterior location of sac, large ethmoidal bulla, high internal common opening, and thick maxillary bone. Surgical time taken in the last 27 eyes was significantly lesser compared to the surgical duration taken in the initial 27 cases (P < 0.05). Anatomical and functional success rate was 94% (48/51) at 6 months follow-up period. Conclusions: Endoscopic En-DCR has a good success rate when performed by oculoplastic surgery trainees. Nasal anatomical variations, instrument handling, and adaptation to monocular view of endoscope are few of the challenges for beginners. Structured skill transfer can help trainees to learn and perform

  5. Real World Application of Stenting of Unprotected Left Main Coronary Stenosis: A Single-Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Leung, Calvin C.; Ball, Timothy C.; Sidhu, Mandeep S.; DeVries, James T.; Jayne, John E.; Robb, John F.; Kaplan, Aaron V.; Brown, Jeremiah R.; Malenka, David J.; Thompson, Craig A.

    2012-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to summarize our single-center real-world experience with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) stenting of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA). PCI-stenting of the ULMCA, while controversial, is emerging as an alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in select patients and clinical situations. Methods Between January 2005 and December 2008, PCI-stenting was performed on 125 patients with ULMCA lesions at our institution. Clinical and procedural data were recorded at the time of procedure, and patients were followed prospectively (mean 1.7 years; range 1 day-4.1 years) for outcomes, including death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target vessel revascularization (TVR). Results The majority of cases were urgent or emergent (82.5%), 50.4% of patients were non-surgical candidates, and 63.2% had 3 vessel disease. Many emergent patients presented in shock (62.1%), were not surgical candidates (89.7%), and had high mortality (20.7% in-hospital, 44.8% long-term). Mortality in the elective group was 6.3%. Cumulative death and TVR rates were 28.8% and 13.6%, respectively. Independent predictors of mortality were ejection fraction (EF) ≤ 35% (HR 2.4, CI 1.1 - 5.4) and left main bifurcation (HR 2.7, CI 1.2 - 5.7). Conclusions PCI-stenting is a viable option in patients with LMCA disease and extends options to patients who are poor candidates for CABG. Elective PCI in low-risk CABG patients results in good long-term survival. Cumulative TVR is 13.6%. EF ≤ 35% and left main bifurcation are independently associated with increased mortality.

  6. Trends in cancer survivors' experience of patient-centered communication: results from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS).

    PubMed

    Blanch-Hartigan, Danielle; Chawla, Neetu; Moser, Richard P; Finney Rutten, Lila J; Hesse, Bradford W; Arora, Neeraj K

    2016-12-01

    Two Institute of Medicine reports almost a decade apart suggest that cancer survivors often feel "lost in transition" and experience suboptimal quality of care. The six core functions of patient-centered communication: managing uncertainty, responding to emotions, making decisions, fostering healing relationships, enabling self-management, and exchanging information, represent a central aspect of survivors' care experience that has not been systematically investigated. Nationally representative data from four administrations of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) was merged with combined replicate weights using the jackknife replication method. Linear and logistic regression models were used to assess (1) characteristics of cancer survivors (N = 1794) who report suboptimal patient-centered communication and (2) whether survivors' patient-centered communication experience changed from 2007 to 2013. One third to one half of survivors report suboptimal patient-centered communication, particularly on core functions of providers helping manage uncertainty (48 %) and responding to emotions (49 %). In a fully adjusted linear regression model, survivors with more education (Wald F = 2.84, p = .04), without a usual source of care (Wald F = 11.59, p < .001), and in poorer health (Wald F = 9.08, p < .001) were more likely to report less patient-centered communication. Although ratings of patient-centered communication improved over time (p trend = .04), this trend did not remain significant in fully adjusted models. Despite increased attention to survivorship, many survivors continue to report suboptimal communication with their health care providers. Survivorship communication should include managing uncertainty about future risk and address survivors' emotional needs. Efforts to improve patient-centered communication should focus on survivors without a usual source of care and in poorer health.

  7. Daily Experiences of Toddlers in Three Child Care Settings in Israel: Family Day Care, Center Day Care and Kibbutz.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenthal, Miriam K.

    Observations were conducted in Israel on 47 toddlers in sponsored family day care, 18 toddlers in community-based center day care, and 20 toddlers in kibbutz children's homes in an effort to identify differences in the three types of care. Particular attention was given to characteristics of users and caregivers, experiences generated by the…

  8. Undergraduate Teaching Assistants: A Learner-Centered Model for Enhancing Student Engagement in the First-Year Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Jessica; Henry, Peter; Dempster, Michaux

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we provide an in-depth view of the Undergraduate Teaching Assistant (UTA) program at Virginia Commonwealth University as a potential model for other large research universities who might wish to implement similar learner-centered initiatives in their first-year experience courses. Unlike graduate teaching assistants, whose primary…

  9. The Brave New World of GEC Evaluation: The Experience of the Rhode Island Geriatric Education Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filinson, Rachel; Clark, Phillip G.; Evans, Joann; Padula, Cynthia; Willey, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    In 2007, the Health Resources Services Administration introduced new mandates that raised the standards on program evaluation for Geriatric Education Centers. Described in this article are the primary and secondary evaluation efforts undertaken for one program within the Rhode Island Geriatric Education Center (RIGEC), the findings from these…

  10. Review of Restricted Experiment Requests, Division of Select Agents and Toxins, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006-2013.

    PubMed

    Smith, Jacinta; Gangadharan, Denise; Weyant, Robbin

    2015-01-01

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Select Agents and Toxins (DSAT) regulates laboratories that possess, use, or transfer select agents and toxins in the United States. DSAT also mitigates biosafety risks through the review of "restricted experiments," which under the select agent regulations are experiments that pose heightened biosafety risks. From January 2006 through December 2013, DSAT received 618 requests from 109 entities to perform potentially restricted experiments. Of these requests, 85% were determined not to meet the regulatory definition of a restricted experiment, while 15% of the requests met the definition of a restricted experiment. Of the 91 restricted experiments proposed, DSAT approved 31 (34%) requests because the biosafety conditions proposed were commensurate with the experiments' biosafety risk. All 31 approved restricted experiments were for work with select toxins. DSAT did not approve 60 restricted experiment requests due to potentially serious biosafety risks to public health and safety. All 60 denied restricted experiments proposed inserting drug resistance traits into select agents that could compromise the control of disease. The select agents and toxins associated most frequently with requests that met the regulatory definition of a restricted experiment are Shiga toxin (n = 16), Burkholderia mallei (n = 15), Botulinum neurotoxin (n = 14), and Brucella abortus (n = 14). In general, all restricted experiment decisions are determined on a case-by-case basis. This article describes the trends and characteristics of the data associated with restricted experiment requests among select agents that have an impact on public health and safety (HHS only agents) or both public health and safety and animal health or products (overlap agents). The information presented here, coupled with the information published in the restricted experiment guidance document ( www.selectagents.gov ), is intended to promote awareness

  11. Staff's experiences of a person-centered health education group intervention for people with a persistent mental illness.

    PubMed

    Jormfeldt, Henrika; Brunt, David Arthur; Rask, Mikael; Bengtsson, Agneta; Svedberg, Petra

    2013-07-01

    Patient education in mental health care is a conventional intervention to increase patients' knowledge about their illness and treatment. A provider-centered focus in patient education may put patients in a passive role, which can counteract their processes of recovery. There is an increasing emphasis on recovery-oriented practice, an approach that is aligned with the service user perspective, but little is known about health care staff's perspectives on person-centered mental health care. A qualitative approach was used to describe staff's experiences of being group leaders in a person-centered health education intervention in municipal services for persons with a persistent mental illness. The analysis of staff experiences revealed three core categories: (1) implications of the division of responsibility among local authorities, (2) awareness of facilitating factors of growth, and (3) the meaning of dialogue. These formed the theme Preconditions for Person-Centered Care. Further research is required to explore larger economic, political, and social structures as backdrops to person-centered mental health care, from the perspective of service users, families, health professionals, and the community at large.

  12. Culturally Focused Community-Centered Service Learning: An International Cultural Immersion Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlinson-Clarke, Saundra M.; Clarke, Darren

    2010-01-01

    An immersion training model is described that incorporates culturally focused community-centered service in South Africa as an experiential learning approach. Recommendations for developing international cultural immersion training with a goal of developing cultural competencies are suggested.

  13. Risk factors and outcomes in thoracic stenosis with myelopathy: A single center experience.

    PubMed

    Hitchon, Patrick W; Abode-Iyamah, Kingsley; Dahdaleh, Nader S; Grossbach, Andrew J; El Tecle, Najib E; Noeller, Jennifer; He, Wenzhuan

    2016-08-01

    Identify risk factors predisposing to thoracic spinal stenosis and myelopathy (TS) and address treatment options and outcomes. A retrospective review of our center's experience with TS over 10 years. Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, surgical intervention and outcomes using Frankel and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scales were collected. A total of 44 patients with TS were identified. There were 30 men and 14 women with a mean age±SD of 66±15years. Neurological performance was evaluated using the Frankel scale (A-E or 1-5), and JOA scale for myelopathy (0-11). Frankel scores (1-5) and JOA scores (0-11) on admission were 3.5±0.9 and 6.8±2.6 respectively. At follow-up, Frankel scores had improved to 4.1±0.8 (p=0.041) and JOA scores had improved to 8.3±2.4 (p=0.021). The presence on admission of increased signal from the cord on T2-weighted MRI was associated with lower Frankel and JOA scores (3.3±0.9, and 6.2±2.5 respectively) than in those with absent increased signal (4.0±0.4 and 8.6±2.1, p=0.02 and p=0.008 respectively). There were 4 complications, requiring exploration and debridement for dehiscence in 3 and an epidural hematoma in the fourth that necessitated evacuation, with a good outcome. A fifth patient underwent reoperation at the same level 18 months later for persistent stenosis. Thoracic stenosis with myelopathy should be entertained in patients with myelopathy. Over half of our patients with TS were over the age of 70, and men outnumbered women by a ratio of 2:1. Nearly half the patients with TS had concomitant cervical and/or lumbar degenerative disease warranting surgery also. Increased signal intensity on T2-weighted MRI images correlated with lower Frankel and JOA scores compared to those without. Decompression for thoracic stenosis is associated with neurological improvement. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Management of biliary atresia in the liver transplantation era: a 15-year, single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Maksoud, J G; Fauza, D O; Silva, M M; Porta, G; Miura, I; Zerbini, C N

    1998-01-01

    The aim of this study was to address the perioperative aspects of hepatoportoenterostomy (HPE) for biliary atresia (BA), through the study of a 15-year, single-center experience of the management of this disease. One hundred twenty-seven patients were divided into three groups, depending on the variant of HPE performed: group A (n = 53) underwent HPE with external diversion of the Roux-en-Y anastomosis; group B (n = 54) underwent HPE with a long (35 to 40 cm) Roux-en-Y anastomosis, without diversion; and group C (n = 20) underwent the same kind of HPE as group B, but with a modified, "super extensive" dissection of the porta hepatitis. Eleven children in group B had an intussusception type antireflux valve in the Roux-en-Y loop. The porta hepatitis of 105 children was histologically classified in types I to III and correlated with rate of postoperative bile flow and age at surgery. Liver transplantation was performed after HPE in 20 patients. Overall, biliary drainage was achieved in 72.5% of the children after HPE and 26.8% of all patients became jaundice free. Porta hepatitis type III was associated with a significantly higher rate of biliary drainage post-HPE then types I and II. There was no difference in the rate of bile drainage, relative number of jaundice-free patients, and mean number of episodes of cholangitis per year among surgical groups A, B, C. In group A, 43.7% of the patients had complications related to the stoma. The actuarial survival of children who underwent HPE followed by liver transplantation was 85%. (1) There is no correlation between type of porta hepatis and age at surgery for BA; (2) type III porta hepatis is associated with higher rates of bile drainage post-HPE; (3) children older than 16 weeks with BA should still be considered for HPE; (4) in these older patients, factors other than the type of porta hepatis, possibly the degree of liver damage, play a role in the lower rate of bile drainage observed; (5) external diversion of the

  15. Biliary complications following liver transplantation: Single-center experience over three decades and recent risk factors

    PubMed Central

    Kaltenborn, Alexander; Gutcke, André; Gwiasda, Jill; Klempnauer, Jürgen; Schrem, Harald

    2017-01-01

    AIM To identify independent risk factors for biliary complications in a center with three decades of experience in liver transplantation. METHODS A total of 1607 consecutive liver transplantations were analyzed in a retrospective study. Detailed subset analysis was performed in 417 patients, which have been transplanted since the introduction of Model of End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD)-based liver allocation. Risk factors for the onset of anastomotic biliary complications were identified with multivariable binary logistic regression analyses. The identified risk factors in regression analyses were compiled into a prognostic model. The applicability was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier analyses with the log rank test were applied where appropriate. RESULTS Biliary complications were observed in 227 cases (14.1%). Four hundred and seventeen (26%) transplantations were performed after the introduction of MELD-based donor organ allocation. Since then, 21% (n = 89) of the patients suffered from biliary complications, which are further categorized into anastomotic bile leaks [46% (n = 41)], anastomotic strictures [25% (n = 22)], cholangitis [8% (n = 7)] and non-anastomotic strictures [3% (n = 3)]. The remaining 18% (n = 16) were not further classified. After adjustment for all univariably significant variables, the recipient MELD-score at transplantation (P = 0.006; OR = 1.035; 95%CI: 1.010-1.060), the development of hepatic artery thrombosis post-operatively (P = 0.019; OR = 3.543; 95%CI: 1.233-10.178), as well as the donor creatinine prior to explantation (P = 0.010; OR = 1.003; 95%CI: 1.001-1.006) were revealed as independent risk factors for biliary complications. The compilation of these identified risk factors into a prognostic model was shown to have good prognostic abilities in the investigated cohort with an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.702. CONCLUSION The parallel occurrence of high

  16. ECTOPIC CUSHING SYNDROME: A 10-YEAR EXPERIENCE FROM A TERTIARY CARE CENTER IN SOUTHERN INDIA.

    PubMed

    Sathyakumar, Samantha; Paul, Thomas Vizhalil; Asha, Hesargatta Shyamsunder; Gnanamuthu, Birla Roy; Paul, M J; Abraham, Deepak Thomas; Rajaratnam, Simon; Thomas, Nihal

    2017-08-01

    Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion is a less common cause of Cushing syndrome and is seen in 5 to 10% of cases with endogenous hypercortisolemia. We hereby describe our experience of patients with ectopic ACTH syndrome, who have been managed over the past 10 years at a tertiary care center in Southern India. The inpatient and outpatient records of patients from 2006 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features, clinical history, biochemical values, imaging features, including radiologic findings and positron emission tomography scans, management, details of follow-up, and outcomes, were documented. We compared the biochemical findings in these patients with 20 consecutive patients with Cushing disease (Cushing syndrome of pituitary origin). A total of 21 patients were studied. The median age at presentation was 34 years (range, 19 to 55 years). Seven patients had thymic carcinoid, 7 had bronchial carcinoid, 3 had lung malignancies, 2 had medullary carcinoma thyroid, 1 patient had a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, and 1 patient had an occult source of ACTH. The most common clinical features at presentation were muscle weakness (95%), hyperpigmentation (90%), facial puffiness (76%), easy bruising (61%), edema (57%), and striae (52%). Extensive acne was seen in a large number of patients (43%). Only 3 patients (14%) had central obesity. The median 8 am cortisol was 55.5 μg/dL (range, 3.8 to 131 μg/dL), median 8 am ACTH was 207 pg/mL (range, 31.1 to 703 pg/mL), and the median 24-hour urinary free cortisol was 2,484 μg (range, 248 to 25,438 μg). Basal cortisol and ACTH, as well as midnight cortisol and ACTH level, were markedly higher in patients with ectopic Cushing syndrome as compared to patients with Cushing disease. Twelve of 21 patients had developed life-threatening infections by follow-up. Nine patients had undergone surgical intervention to address the primary tumor. However, only 1 patient exhibited a complete cure on

  17. Biliary complications following liver transplantation: Single-center experience over three decades and recent risk factors.

    PubMed

    Kaltenborn, Alexander; Gutcke, André; Gwiasda, Jill; Klempnauer, Jürgen; Schrem, Harald

    2017-01-28

    To identify independent risk factors for biliary complications in a center with three decades of experience in liver transplantation. A total of 1607 consecutive liver transplantations were analyzed in a retrospective study. Detailed subset analysis was performed in 417 patients, which have been transplanted since the introduction of Model of End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD)-based liver allocation. Risk factors for the onset of anastomotic biliary complications were identified with multivariable binary logistic regression analyses. The identified risk factors in regression analyses were compiled into a prognostic model. The applicability was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier analyses with the log rank test were applied where appropriate. Biliary complications were observed in 227 cases (14.1%). Four hundred and seventeen (26%) transplantations were performed after the introduction of MELD-based donor organ allocation. Since then, 21% (n = 89) of the patients suffered from biliary complications, which are further categorized into anastomotic bile leaks [46% (n = 41)], anastomotic strictures [25% (n = 22)], cholangitis [8% (n = 7)] and non-anastomotic strictures [3% (n = 3)]. The remaining 18% (n = 16) were not further classified. After adjustment for all univariably significant variables, the recipient MELD-score at transplantation (P = 0.006; OR = 1.035; 95%CI: 1.010-1.060), the development of hepatic artery thrombosis post-operatively (P = 0.019; OR = 3.543; 95%CI: 1.233-10.178), as well as the donor creatinine prior to explantation (P = 0.010; OR = 1.003; 95%CI: 1.001-1.006) were revealed as independent risk factors for biliary complications. The compilation of these identified risk factors into a prognostic model was shown to have good prognostic abilities in the investigated cohort with an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.702. The parallel occurrence of high recipient MELD and impaired donor

  18. AB020. Thoracoscopy under local anesthesia, the 5-year experience of a single center

    PubMed Central

    Efthymiou, Christopher; Spiratos, Dionisios; Iakovidis, Dimitrios; Spyropoulos, George; Voudrislis, Grigoris; Kontakiotis, Theodoros

    2016-01-01

    Background This is a retrospective analysis of the histological reports and the diagnostic ability of thoracoscopy under local anesthesia (medical thoracoscopy) in a single center with 5-year experience (2011–2016). Methods We assessed the histological results of all thoracoscopies that were performed at the endoscopy suite of the respiratory system at General Hospital “G. Papanikolaou”, Thessaloniki, Greece. All patients suffered from undiagnosed exudative pleural effusion with at least two cytology tests negative for malignancy. The thoracoscopies were performed using the single-port method with a rigid thoracoscope 10 mm (HOPKINS Straight Forward Telescope 00, with angled eyepiece, diameter 10 mm, length 27 cm, with 6 mm working channel, KARL STORZ). Results A total of 133 thoracoscopies were performed during the study period (1/11/2011–5/10/2016). In seven cases no biopsy was taken (failure to enter the pleural cavity due to adhesions, refusal of the patient, respiratory arrest). The diagnoses that were set for the rest of cases (126 patients) were: lung adenocarcinoma (27 patients, 21%), mesothelioma (20 patients, 16%), other malignant pleurisy (18 patients, 14%) nonspecific chronic inflammatory pleurisy (54 patients, 43%), tuberculous pleurisy (4 patients, 3%) and para-malignant effusion (3 patients, 2%). The diagnosis of malignant pleurisy was made in a total of 63 patients (50%). In patients with other malignancies the distribution was: breast adenocarcinoma (3), adenocarcinoma of the gastrointestinal system (3), reproductive system adenocarcinoma (1), carcinoma of unknown primary site (4), other lung carcinomas (5, large cell: 2; neuroendocrine: 1; squamous: 1; small cell: 1), melanoma (1) and giant cell carcinoma (1). Three patients with nonspecific chronic inflammation were eventually diagnosed with a malignancy (in 2: lung adenocarcinoma on the basis of cytology test of fluid and in 1: mesothelioma on the basis of open biopsy). Conclusions

  19. Living Donor Liver Transplantation for Combined Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cholangiocarcinoma: Experience of a Single Center.

    PubMed

    Chang, Cheng-Chih; Chen, Ying-Ju; Huang, Tzu-Hao; Chen, Chun-Han; Kuo, Fang-Ying; Eng, Hock-Liew; Yong, Chee-Chien; Liu, Yueh-Wei; Lin, Ting-Lung; Li, Wei-Feng; Lin, Yu-Hung; Lin, Chih-Che; Wang, Chih-Chi; Chen, Chao-Long

    2017-02-28

    BACKGROUND Because the outcome of liver transplantation for cholangiocarcinoma is often poor, cholangiocarcinoma is a contraindication for liver transplantation in most centers. Combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma is a rare type of primary hepatic malignancy containing features of hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. Diagnosing combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma pre-operatively is difficult. Because of sparse research presentations worldwide, we report our experience with living donor liver transplantation for combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 710 patients underwent living donor liver transplantation at our institution from April 2006 to June 2014; 377 of them received transplantation because of hepatocellular carcinoma with University of California San Francisco (UCSF) staging criteria fulfilled pre-operatively. Eleven patients (2.92%) were diagnosed with combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma confirmed pathologically from explant livers; we reviewed these cases retrospectively. Long-term survival was compared between patients diagnosed with combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma and patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma. RESULTS The mean age of the patients in our series was 60.2 years, and the median follow-up period was 23.9 months. Four patients were diagnosed with a recurrence during the follow-up period, including one intra-hepatic and three extra-hepatic recurrences. Four patients died due to tumor recurrence. Except for patients with advanced-stage cancer, disease-free survival of patients with combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma compared with that of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma was 80% versus 97.2% in 1 year, and 46.7% versus 92.5% in 3 years (p<0.001), and overall survival was 90% versus 97.2% in 1 year, and 61.7% versus 95.1% in 3 years (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS

  20. Tumor-induced osteomalacia: experience from a South American academic center.

    PubMed

    González, G; Baudrand, R; Sepúlveda, M F; Vucetich, N; Guarda, F J; Villanueva, P; Contreras, O; Villa, A; Salech, F; Toro, L; Michea, L; Florenzano, P

    2017-07-01

    The majority of tumor-induced osteomalacia cases have been reported in the Northern Hemisphere and Asia. In this first series of South American patients, we show that the clinical presentation and sensitivity of plasmatic fibroblast growth factor 23 and somatostatin analog-based imaging are similar to those described in other populations. Describe the experience of clinical presentation, diagnostic study, and treatment of patients with tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) in a South American academic center in comparison to literature. Analysis of the records of patients diagnosed with TIO. The clinical presentation, diagnostic studies, and treatment were analyzed. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) was measured by ELISA. Six patients were diagnosed with TIO during the studied period. The patients' median age was 53 years (range 22-64). All patients presented with weakness and pain in the extremities. Four experienced fractures during their evolution. The median time to diagnosis was 4.5 years (1-20). Biochemical studies showed hypophosphatemia, median of 1.4 mg/dL (1.2-1.6), with low maximum rates of tubular reabsorption of phosphate adjusted for glomerular filtration rate. FGF23 was elevated in 4/6 patients and inappropriately normal in the other two. In three patients, the location of the tumor was clinically evident and confirmed with anatomical imaging. In the remaining patients, two tumors were located with (68)Ga DOTATATE-PET/CT and one with OctreoScan. The causal tumors were located in the lower extremities in five patients and invading the frontal sinus in one patient. In all patients, tumors were successfully removed. Within 14 days, there was normalization of phosphate and FGF23 levels and resolution of clinical symptoms in all patients. In all cases, the histopathology was compatible with a phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor. The clinical presentation, delay time to diagnosis, FGF23 diagnostic sensitivity and histopathology in this first series of South

  1. Student Centered Distance Learning Experiments over a Communication and Collaboration Platform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baudin, Veronique; Villemur, Thierry

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present two classes of distance learning experiments, with feedbacks. The experiments are based on constructivism theory. Design/methodology/approach: The paper adopts an experimental approach. Experiments are made with students. The assessments come from an analysis of questionnaires. Findings: The results…

  2. Measuring User Experience of the Student-Centered e-Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santoso, Harry B.; Schrepp, Martin; Isal, R. Yugo Kartono; Utomo, Andika Yudha; Priyogi, Bilih

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the current study is to develop an adapted version of User Experience Questionnaire (UEQ) and evaluate a learning management system. Although there is a growing interest on User Experience, there are still limited resources (i.e. measurement tools or questionnaires) available to measure user experience of any products, especially…

  3. Min Bei Irradiation Center Food and Agriculture Organization project experience Jianou, Fujian Province, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Bruce John; Dan, Xu; Jingzhang, Ren

    1993-07-01

    The Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO), a Unitede Nations Organization, in an effort to increase food supplies by post harvest irradiation treatment participated in the development of the Min Bei Irradiation Center(MBIC) Located in Fujian Province, China. FAO inconjunction with Shanghai Nuclear Energy Research and Design Institute(SNERDI), MBIC staff, and the Ministry of Agriculture completed Project TCP CPR 6763/8961 culminating in the recent comissioning of one of China's nesest irradiation facilities. From the feasibility phase initiated in 1986, through the construction period and the eventual commissioning in 1991 FAO participated in the technical overview of the irradiation center. MBIC was developed both as a research and development center as well as a production irradiation facility for the primary purposes of reduction of post harvest food loss in Fujian Province. This retrospective review of the project provides a hindsight view for the development of MBIC.

  4. Report on Ten Years' Experience of Premarital Hemoglobinopathy Screening at a Center in Antalya, Southern Turkey.

    PubMed

    Canatan, Duran; Delibas, Serpil

    2016-08-01

    Thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies are a major public health problem in Turkey. Hemoglobinopathy prevention programs (HPPs) were started in 33 provinces situated in Thrace, Marmara, Aegean, Mediterranean and South Eastern regions of Turkey in 2003. A premarital hemoglobinopathy test is mandatory and free of charge in this program. According to the Ministry of Health reports, 46 first level hemoglobinopathy diagnostic centers were established for premarital tests. Within the last 10 years, approximately 79.0% of married individuals per year were screened by the centers. While the percentage of premarital screening tests was 30.0% of all couples in 2003, it reached 86.0% in 2013. The number of newborn with thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies were 272 in 2002 and dropped to 25 in 2013. There has been a 90.0% reduction in affected births. Our hemoglobinopathy diagnostic center was established in 2003 and licensed by the Ministry of Health in 2004. We studied a total of 89,981 blood samples from premarital tests for 10 years and the incidence of β- and α-thalassemia (β- and α-thal) trait was found to be 6.57 and 3.56%, respectively. The distribution of the most common abnormal hemoglobins (Hbs) was: Hb S (HBB: c.20A > T) (0.31%), Hb D-Los Angeles (HBB: c.364G > C) (0.15%), Hb G-Coushatta (HBB: c.68A > C) (0.06%) and Hb E (HBB: c.79G > A) (0.02%). A total of 60 couples, both carrying β-thal trait, were directed to the prenatal diagnosis (PND) center in 10 years. The premarital hemoglobinopathy screening program is running successfully at our center and other centers in Turkey.

  5. The brave new world of GEC evaluation: the experience of the Rhode Island Geriatric Education Center.

    PubMed

    Filinson, Rachel; Clark, Phillip G; Evans, Joann; Padula, Cynthia; Willey, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    In 2007, the Health Resources Services Administration introduced new mandates that raised the standards on program evaluation for Geriatric Education Centers. Described in this article are the primary and secondary evaluation efforts undertaken for one program within the Rhode Island Geriatric Education Center (RIGEC), the findings from these efforts, and the modifications to assessment that ensued in response to the increased accountability requirements. The evaluation focused on RIGEC's series of continuing education, day-long workshops for health and social service professionals, the completion of all seven of which leads to a Certificate in Interdisciplinary Practice in Geriatrics.

  6. Health Status and Health Care Experiences among Homeless Patients in Federally Supported Health Centers: Findings from the 2009 Patient Survey

    PubMed Central

    Lebrun-Harris, Lydie A; Baggett, Travis P; Jenkins, Darlene M; Sripipatana, Alek; Sharma, Ravi; Hayashi, A Seiji; Daly, Charles A; Ngo-Metzger, Quyen

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine health status and health care experiences of homeless patients in health centers and to compare them with their nonhomeless counterparts. Data Sources/Study Setting Nationally representative data from the 2009 Health Center Patient Survey. Study Design Cross-sectional analyses were limited to adults (n = 2,683). We compared sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, access to health care, and utilization of services among homeless and nonhomeless patients. We also examined the independent effect of homelessness on health care access and utilization, as well as factors that influenced homeless patients' health care experiences. Data Collection Computer-assisted personal interviews were conducted with health center patients. Principal Findings Homeless patients had worse health status—lifetime burden of chronic conditions, mental health problems, and substance use problems—compared with housed respondents. In adjusted analyses, homeless patients had twice the odds as housed patients of having unmet medical care needs in the past year (OR = 1.98, 95 percent CI: 1.24–3.16) and twice the odds of having an ED visit in the past year (OR = 2.00, 95 percent CI: 1.37–2.92). Conclusions There is an ongoing need to focus on the health issues that disproportionately affect homeless populations. Among health center patients, homelessness is an independent risk factor for unmet medical needs and ED use. PMID:23134588

  7. Backward deletion to minimize prediction errors in models from factorial experiments with zero to six center points

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holms, A. G.

    1980-01-01

    Population model coefficients were chosen to simulate a saturated 2 to the 4th fixed-effects experiment having an unfavorable distribution of relative values. Using random number studies, deletion strategies were compared that were based on the F-distribution, on an order statistics distribution of Cochran's, and on a combination of the two. The strategies were compared under the criterion of minimizing the maximum prediction error, wherever it occurred, among the two-level factorial points. The strategies were evaluated for each of the conditions of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 center points. Three classes of strategies were identified as being appropriate, depending on the extent of the experimenter's prior knowledge. In almost every case the best strategy was found to be unique according to the number of center points. Among the three classes of strategies, a security regret class of strategy was demonstrated as being widely useful in that over a range of coefficients of variation from 4 to 65%, the maximum predictive error was never increased by more than 12% over what it would have been if the best strategy had been used for the particular coefficient of variation. The relative efficiency of the experiment, when using the security regret strategy, was examined as a function of the number of center points, and was found to be best when the design used one center point.

  8. Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) on River and Coastal Restoration—a Center Approach to Creating a Unique Research Experience for Undergraduates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dalbotten, D. M.; Campbell, K. M.; Hill, K. M.; Podolak, C.; Bevington, A.; Holm, G. O.; Wilcock, P.; Twilley, R.

    2009-12-01

    At the National Center for Earth-surface Dynamics (NCED), the NSF-sponsored REU on River and Coastal Restoration provides students an intensive research experience in a center environment that incorporates many aspects of the typical graduate student experience at an NSF-funded Science and Technology Center. These include a team-oriented approach in which students work closely with one another while completing their individual research projects, team-mentoring that brings together NCED faculty, staff, and graduate students to meet students’ advising needs, and an approach to research that incorporates field research, laboratory experiments, and an introduction to computational and quantitative methodologies. In addition, students' individual research projects constitute a contribution to larger ongoing field campaigns, allowing them, often for the first time, to understand the role of their own research in a larger context. Students join one of two teams: Team Marmot participates in an ongoing campaign to document the geomorphic response of the Sandy River to the 2007 removal of the Marmot Dam; Team Delta participates in research on coastal restoration of the Mississippi River Delta. After an orientation period at our headquarters, the St. Anthony Falls Laboratory in Minnesota, each team spends the majority of their summer in the field. The teams are then reunited for poster sessions at the end of the summer at which they share the outcomes of their research with one another and the larger NCED and University of Minnesota communities.

  9. Further Analyses of the NASA Glenn Research Center Solar Cell and Photovoltaic Materials Experiment Onboard the International Space Station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Myers, Matthew G.; Prokop, Norman F.; Krasowski, Michael J.; Piszczor, Michael F.; McNatt, Jeremiah S.

    2016-01-01

    Accurate air mass zero (AM0) measurement is essential for the evaluation of new photovoltaic (PV) technology for space solar cells. The NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has flown an experiment designed to measure the electrical performance of several solar cells onboard NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's (GSFC) Robotic Refueling Mission's (RRM) Task Board 4 (TB4) on the exterior of the International Space Station (ISS). Four industry and government partners provided advanced PV devices for measurement and orbital environment testing. The experiment was positioned on the exterior of the station for approximately eight months, and was completely self-contained, providing its own power and internal data storage. Several new cell technologies including four-junction (4J) Inverted Metamorphic Multi-Junction (IMM) cells were evaluated and the results will be compared to ground-based measurement methods.

  10. Design of a full PACS with experiences of mini-PACS in Yonsei University Medical Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Hee-Joung; Huh, Jae-Man; Kim, Namhyun; Kim, Kee-Deog; Kim, Myoung-Jin; Kim, Sang-Jin; Yoo, Hyung-Sik

    2000-05-01

    Yonsei University Medical Center (YUMC) in Seoul, Korea is 114 years old and 1,582 beds in Shinchon Severance hospital in main university campus and 746 beds in affiliated Youngdong Severance hospital which is 20 miles away from the main campus. The dental hospital in main campus is also included in a full-PACS system. The numbers of exams/year for main, affiliated, and dental hospitals are approximately 558,000, 365,000, and 181,000, respectively. Since 1997, a Mini-PACS with 3xMRI, 2xDSI, and 2xCT in Shinchon Severance hospital has been operating to archive the digital data and to view them with DICOM viewer PiViewTM. An archiving system with 2xCT and 2xMRI in Youngdong Severance has been operating to archive the digital data. We are now designing a large-scale full-PACS for YUMC with experiences of running a mini-PACS for 3 years. The 11xUS, 7xEndoscopy, 7xCR, 3xSPECT, 1xPET, 1xCT simulator, and digital camera based patient database in the Dept. of radiation oncology in Shinchon Severance hospital will be connected to an archiving server system through modality interface gateway. The 3xCR, 2xDSA, 2xFD, 5xUS, 3xEndoscopy in Youngdong Severance hospital will be connected to the main archiving system. The 1xCT, 10xIntraoral X-ray unit DR, 4xPanoramic&cephalometric unit DR, 1xTranscranial CR, 1xScanora X-ray unit CR, 1xSectography CR in dental hospital will be connected to archiving server system through modality interface gateway. The estimated amount of data for Shinchon severance, Youngdong severance, and dental hospitals per year are 11.55TB, 5.88TB, and 0.96TB, respectively. The current mini-PACS server includes 54 GB RAID, 520 GB DLT with SUN SpectraTM server. The main server in Shinchon Severance hospital needs to be upgraded to 600GB RAID for 30 days and 10TB ODJ or DLT for the first two years. Youngdong Severance hospital needs to be installed a main server with 600GB RAID for > 30 days and 10TB ODJ or DLT for > 2 years. The interface between HIS/RIS and

  11. Earth resources programs at the Langley Research Center. Part 1: Advanced Applications Flight Experiments (AAFE) and microwave remote sensing program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parker, R. N.

    1972-01-01

    The earth resources activity is comprised of two basic programs as follows: advanced applications flight experiments, and microwave remote sensing. The two programs are in various stages of implementation, extending from experimental investigations within both the AAFE program and the microwave remote sensing program, to multidisciplinary studies and planning. The purpose of this paper is simply to identify the main thrust of the Langley Research Center activity in earth resources.

  12. The Hamovitch Research Center: An Experiment in Collective Responsibility for Advancing Science in the Human Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, Marilyn; Brekke, John S.; Soydan, Haluk

    2008-01-01

    Research centers in schools of social work are growing in number and scope. In this article the authors argue that this increase is in line with the growing recognition that research and science are critical components of the mission of the social work profession. The authors examine the purposes and various models for establishing research…

  13. Use of APTIMA Combo 2: The Experience of a Child Advocacy Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leder, M. Ranee; Leber, Amy L.; Marcon, Mario J.; Scribano, Philip V.

    2013-01-01

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends nucleic acid amplification testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea in sexually abused girls. No studies describe performance of APTIMA Combo 2 Assay with second target confirmation on the same testing platform. This nucleic acid amplification testing is evaluated within a large child advocacy…

  14. Intergenerational Learning at a Nature Center: Families Using Prior Experiences and Participation Frameworks to Understand Raptors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Heather Toomey; McClain, Lucy Richardson

    2014-01-01

    Using a sociocultural framework to approach intergenerational learning, this inquiry examines learning processes used by families during visits to one nature center. Data were collected from videotaped observations of families participating in an environmental education program and a follow-up task to draw the habitat of raptors. Based on a…

  15. Understanding and Engagement in Places of Science Experience: Science Museums, Science Centers, Zoos, and Aquariums

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwan, Stephan; Grajal, Alejandro; Lewalter, Doris

    2014-01-01

    Science museums, science centers, zoos, and aquariums (MCZAs) constitute major settings of science learning with unique characteristics of informal science education. Emphasis will be given to the analysis of four specific characteristics of MCZAs that seem relevant for educational research and practice, namely, conditions of mixed motives and…

  16. Use of APTIMA Combo 2: The Experience of a Child Advocacy Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leder, M. Ranee; Leber, Amy L.; Marcon, Mario J.; Scribano, Philip V.

    2013-01-01

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends nucleic acid amplification testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea in sexually abused girls. No studies describe performance of APTIMA Combo 2 Assay with second target confirmation on the same testing platform. This nucleic acid amplification testing is evaluated within a large child advocacy…

  17. The Structure and Functioning of a Low-Budget Center for Applied Linguistics: The Brazilian Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomes de Matos, Francisco

    1980-01-01

    Describes the structure and functioning of the "Centro de Linguistica Aplicada do Instituto de Idiomas Yazigi" of Sao Paulo and comments on its role in promoting applied linguistics studies in Latin America. Also outlines the Center's historical background and its educational services, particularly those related to the teaching of…

  18. Student-Centered Literacy Instruction: An Examination of an Elementary Teacher's Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiezorek, Carolyn Marie

    2012-01-01

    In this qualitative study, I examined and interpreted the literacy instruction of a fourth grade instructor who identified herself as a student-centered teacher. I sought to understand and interpret the beliefs and attitudes of my participant, Julie. Through seven unstructured interviews and five observations, I collected, and simultaneously…

  19. Understanding and Engagement in Places of Science Experience: Science Museums, Science Centers, Zoos, and Aquariums

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwan, Stephan; Grajal, Alejandro; Lewalter, Doris

    2014-01-01

    Science museums, science centers, zoos, and aquariums (MCZAs) constitute major settings of science learning with unique characteristics of informal science education. Emphasis will be given to the analysis of four specific characteristics of MCZAs that seem relevant for educational research and practice, namely, conditions of mixed motives and…

  20. Veterans Affairs and Academic Medical Center Affiliations: The North Texas Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohl, Paul Cecil; Hendrickse, William; Orsak, Catherine; Vermette, Heidi

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The authors review the more than 30-year history of the academic affiliation between the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas and the Mental Health Service at the Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System. Methods: The authors interviewed individuals involved at various stages…

  1. Implementing a School-Based Health Center: The Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trivette, Paul S.; Thompson-Drew, Corliss

    2003-01-01

    Traces the inception and implementation of school-based health centers in the Winston-Salem/Forsyth County (NC) school system. Discusses the challenges that arose during implementation, along with the opportunities to enhance the provision of comprehensive services for children. Notes that SBHCs provide an opportunity for school psychologists to…

  2. The Structure and Functioning of a Low-Budget Center for Applied Linguistics: The Brazilian Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomes de Matos, Francisco

    1980-01-01

    Describes the structure and functioning of the "Centro de Linguistica Aplicada do Instituto de Idiomas Yazigi" of Sao Paulo and comments on its role in promoting applied linguistics studies in Latin America. Also outlines the Center's historical background and its educational services, particularly those related to the teaching of…

  3. Intergenerational Learning at a Nature Center: Families Using Prior Experiences and Participation Frameworks to Understand Raptors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Heather Toomey; McClain, Lucy Richardson

    2014-01-01

    Using a sociocultural framework to approach intergenerational learning, this inquiry examines learning processes used by families during visits to one nature center. Data were collected from videotaped observations of families participating in an environmental education program and a follow-up task to draw the habitat of raptors. Based on a…

  4. Implementing a School-Based Health Center: The Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trivette, Paul S.; Thompson-Drew, Corliss

    2003-01-01

    Traces the inception and implementation of school-based health centers in the Winston-Salem/Forsyth County (NC) school system. Discusses the challenges that arose during implementation, along with the opportunities to enhance the provision of comprehensive services for children. Notes that SBHCs provide an opportunity for school psychologists to…

  5. Veterans Affairs and Academic Medical Center Affiliations: The North Texas Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohl, Paul Cecil; Hendrickse, William; Orsak, Catherine; Vermette, Heidi

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The authors review the more than 30-year history of the academic affiliation between the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas and the Mental Health Service at the Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System. Methods: The authors interviewed individuals involved at various stages…

  6. The Outsourcing Experience of the Technical Library at NASA Glenn Research Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Mary S.

    The purpose of this study was to conduct a case study of the NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Glenn Research Center library to examine strictures related to outsourcing, how they have helped and/or harmed the relationship between the civil servants employed by the library and the contracted employees, and the management of the…

  7. [Toxicological consultation data management system based on experience of Pomeranian Center of Toxicology].

    PubMed

    Kabata, Piotr Maciej; Waldman, Wojciech; Sein Anand, Jacek

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the structure of poisonings is described, based on the material collected from tele-toxicology consults by the Pomeranian Center of Toxicology in Gdańsk and harvested from its Electronic Poison Information Management System. In addition, we analyzed conclusions drawn from a 27-month operation of the system. Data were harvested from the Electronic Poison Information Management System developed in 2012 and used by the Pomeranian Center of Toxicology since then. The research was based on 2550 tele-toxicology consults between January 1 and December 31, 2014. Subsequently the data were electronically cleaned and presented using R programming language. The Pomeranian voivodeship was the prevalent localisation of calls (N = 1879; 73.7%). Most of the calls came from emergency rooms (N = 1495; 58.63%). In the case of 1396 (54.7%) patients the time-lag between intoxication and the consult was less than 6 h. There were no differences in the age distribution between genders. Mean age was 26.3 years. Young people predominated among intoxicated individuals. The majority of intoxications were incidental (N = 888; 34.8%) or suicidal (N = 814; 31.9%) and the most of them took place in the patient's home. Information about Poison Control Center consultations access should be better spread among medical service providers. The extent of poison information collected by Polish Poison Control Centers should be limited and unified. This should contribute to the increased percentage of properly documented consultations. Additional duties stemming from the need of digital archiving of consults provided, require the involvement of additional staff, leading to the increased operation costs incurred by Poison Control Centers. This work is available in Open Access model and licensed under a CC BY-NC 3.0 PL license.

  8. Facilitating transdisciplinary research: the experience of the transdisciplinary tobacco use research centers.

    PubMed

    Morgan, Glen D; Kobus, Kimberly; Gerlach, Karen K; Neighbors, Charles; Lerman, Caryn; Abrams, David B; Rimer, Barbara K

    2003-12-01

    Cigarette smoking is the largest preventable cause of death and morbidity in the United States. Heightened recognition of this public health concern has led researchers from multiple and varied disciplines to address this complex and multidimensional behavior. The need for an alternative research paradigm, focusing on a transdisciplinary approach that integrates work across disciplines in order to advance the field most quickly, has been identified. This recognized need led to the development of the Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Centers (TTURC) initiative, funded jointly by the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. This paper discusses the formation and early implementation stages of the initiative, including meetings that led to the development of the TTURCs, funders' and research centers' perspectives on implementation, and early observations about the products of the initiative.

  9. Researching children's health experiences: The place for participatory, child-centered, arts-based approaches.

    PubMed

    Carter, Bernie; Ford, Karen

    2013-02-01

    A central concern when conducting qualitative health research with children is eliciting data that genuinely reflect their perspectives. Invariably, this involves being child-centered and participatory. Drawing and photography increasingly accompany dialogic methods to facilitate children's communication through arts-based and verbal modes of expression. However, little literature is available on how arts-based tools shape data. We suggest that researchers need to be attentive to how such tools can liberate, constrain and frame data generated by children, drawing attention to the promises of such approaches as well as the conundrums that can arise from their use. We explore the place for participatory, child-centered, arts-based approaches using examples of the use of drawing and photography in our own studies. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Joining Forces: Enriching RN-to-BSN Education With Veteran-Centered Experiences.

    PubMed

    Jones, Melissa; Breen, Henny

    2015-01-01

    This article highlights the commitment of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing to engage nursing schools to support the Joining Forces initiative by enhancing the education and preparation of the nation's nurses to care for veterans, service members, and their families. The progress toward meeting the Joining Forces pledge and integrating veteran-centered learning in an on-line registered nurse-to-bachelor of science in nursing program is described. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Providers’ Experience with an Organizational Redesign Initiative to Promote Patient-Centered Access: A Qualitative Study

    PubMed Central

    Ralston, James D.; Martin, Diane P.

    2008-01-01

    Background Patient-centered access is a philosophy and a method that supports efforts to redesign health-care delivery systems to deliver higher quality care and to better meet the needs and preferences of patients. Since mid-2000, Group Health Cooperative has pursued an ensemble of strategic initiatives aimed at promoting patient-centered access, referred to as the Access Initiative. In support of this strategy, Group Health has also engaged in enterprise implementation of an electronic medical record and clinical information system that is integrated with their patient Web site, MyGroupHealth. Objective To elicit, describe, and characterize providers’ perceptions of the effects of the Access Initiative, an information technology-enabled organizational redesign initiative intended to promote patient-centered access. Design Thematic analysis of semi-structured in-depth interviews. Participants Twenty-two care providers representing 14 primary care, medical, and surgical specialties at Group Health Cooperative, an integrated health-care system based in Seattle, Washington. Findings Analyses of the interview transcripts revealed nine emergent themes, five of which have particular relevance for health-care organizations pursuing patient-centered access: the Access Initiative improved patient satisfaction, improved the quality of encounter-based care, compromised providers’ focus on population health, created additional work for providers, and decreased job satisfaction for primary care providers and some medical specialists. Conclusions Providers like that the Access Initiative is mostly good for their patients, but dislike the negative effects on their own quality of life – especially in primary care. These reforms may not be sustainable under current models of organization and financing. PMID:18769981

  12. Review of Restricted Experiment Requests, Division of Select Agents and Toxins, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006-2013

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Jacinta; Weyant, Robbin

    2015-01-01

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Select Agents and Toxins (DSAT) regulates laboratories that possess, use, or transfer select agents and toxins in the United States. DSAT also mitigates biosafety risks through the review of “restricted experiments,” which under the select agent regulations are experiments that pose heightened biosafety risks. From January 2006 through December 2013, DSAT received 618 requests from 109 entities to perform potentially restricted experiments. Of these requests, 85% were determined not to meet the regulatory definition of a restricted experiment, while 15% of the requests met the definition of a restricted experiment. Of the 91 restricted experiments proposed, DSAT approved 31 (34%) requests because the biosafety conditions proposed were commensurate with the experiments' biosafety risk. All 31 approved restricted experiments were for work with select toxins. DSAT did not approve 60 restricted experiment requests due to potentially serious biosafety risks to public health and safety. All 60 denied restricted experiments proposed inserting drug resistance traits into select agents that could compromise the control of disease. The select agents and toxins associated most frequently with requests that met the regulatory definition of a restricted experiment are Shiga toxin (n = 16), Burkholderia mallei (n = 15), Botulinum neurotoxin (n = 14), and Brucella abortus (n = 14). In general, all restricted experiment decisions are determined on a case-by-case basis. This article describes the trends and characteristics of the data associated with restricted experiment requests among select agents that have an impact on public health and safety (HHS only agents) or both public health and safety and animal health or products (overlap agents). The information presented here, coupled with the information published in the restricted experiment guidance document (www.selectagents.gov), is intended to

  13. Conducting a user-centered information needs assessment: the Via Christi Libraries' experience*

    PubMed Central

    Perley, Cathy M.; Gentry, Camillia A.; Fleming, A. Sue; Sen, Kristin M.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The research sought to provide evidence to support the development of a long-term strategy for the Via Christi Regional Medical Center Libraries. Methods: An information needs assessment was conducted in a large medical center serving approximately 5,900 physicians, clinicians, and nonclinical staff in 4 sites in 1 Midwestern city. Quantitative and qualitative data from 1,295 self-reporting surveys, 75 telephone interviews, and 2 focus groups were collected and analyzed to address 2 questions: how could the libraries best serve their patrons, given realistic limitations on time, resources, and personnel, and how could the libraries best help their institution improve patient care and outcomes? Results: Clinicians emphasized the need for “just in time” information accessible at the point of care. Library nonusers emphasized the need to market library services and resources. Both clinical and nonclinical respondents emphasized the need for information services customized to their professional information needs, preferences, and patterns of use. Specific information needs in the organization were identified. Discussion/Conclusions: The results of this three-part, user-centered information needs assessment were used to develop an evidence-based strategic plan. The findings confirmed the importance of promoting library services in the organization and suggested expanded, collaborative roles for hospital librarians. PMID:17443250

  14. Poison centers' experience with methylphenidate abuse in pre-teens and adolescents.

    PubMed

    Klein-Schwartz, Wendy; McGrath, Jean

    2003-03-01

    To evaluate trends and toxicity of methylphenidate abuse in pre-teens and adolescents reported to poison centers. The 1993-1999 American Association of Poison Control Centers Toxic Exposure Surveillance System was queried for methylphenidate abuse cases in children aged 10 through 19 years that were followed to known outcome. Main outcome measures included number of cases annually, toxicity, management site, and coded medical outcome. Of 759 cases, 42.7% involved 10-through 14-year-olds. For the 530 (70.0%) cases involving methylphenidate only, the frequency increased sevenfold from 1993 to 1999. Of 570 patients (75.1%) managed in a health care facility, 398 were discharged from the emergency department and 172 were admitted. Symptoms occurred more commonly in exposures involving coingestants (84.3%) than in methylphenidate-only exposures (71.1%). The most common symptoms in adolescents with methylphenidate only were tachycardia (31.7%), agitation/irritability (25.7%), and hypertension (11.5%). Outcomes were no effect in 189 cases (24.9%) and mild, moderate, and severe in 318 (41.9%), 245 (32.3%), and 7 (0.9%) patients, respectively. Poison center data demonstrate increasing frequency of methylphenidate abuse. While the majority of adolescents experienced clinical effects and were managed in a health care facility, outcomes were good, especially in cases involving methylphenidate only.

  15. Cost analysis of awake versus asleep deep brain stimulation: a single academic health center experience.

    PubMed

    Jacob, R Lorie; Geddes, Jonah; McCartney, Shirley; Burchiel, Kim J

    2016-05-01

    OBJECT The objective of this study was to compare the cost of deep brain stimulation (DBS) performed awake versus asleep at a single US academic health center and to compare costs across the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) Clinical Database. METHODS Inpatient and outpatient demographic and hospital financial data for patients receiving a neurostimulator lead implant (from the first quarter of 2009 to the second quarter of 2014) were collected and analyzed. Inpatient charges included those associated with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) procedure code 0293 (implantation or replacement of intracranial neurostimulator lead). Outpatient charges included all preoperative charges ≤ 30 days prior to implant and all postoperative charges ≤ 30 days after implant. The cost of care based on reported charges and a cost-to-charge ratio was estimated. The UHC database was queried (January 2011 to March 2014) with the same ICD-9 code. Procedure cost data across like hospitals (27 UHC hospitals) conducting similar DBS procedures were compared. RESULTS Two hundred eleven DBS procedures (53 awake and 158 asleep) were performed at a single US academic health center during the study period. The average patient age ( ± SD) was 65 ± 9 years old and 39% of patients were female. The most common primary diagnosis was Parkinson's disease (61.1%) followed by essential and other forms of tremor (36%). Overall average DBS procedure cost was $39,152 ± $5340. Asleep DBS cost $38,850 ± $4830, which was not significantly different than the awake DBS cost of $40,052 ± $6604. The standard deviation for asleep DBS was significantly lower (p ≤ 0.05). In 2013, the median cost for a neurostimulator implant lead was $34,052 at UHC-affiliated hospitals that performed at least 5 procedures a year. At Oregon Health & Science University, the median cost was $17,150 and the observed single academic health center cost for a neurostimulator lead implant was

  16. Criticality Experiments Performed in Saclay and Valduc Centers, France (1958-2002)

    SciTech Connect

    Barbry, F.; Grivot, P.; Girault, E.; Fouillaud, P.; Cousinou, P.; Poullot, G.; Anno, J.; Bordy, J.M.; Doutriaux, D.

    2003-09-15

    Since 1958, the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique and then the Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (previously the Institut de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire) have carried out criticality experiments first in Saclay and then in the Valduc criticality laboratory. This paper is a survey of the programs conducted during the last 45 yr with the different apparatuses. This paper also gives information about plans for the future. Programs are presented following the chronology and the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project classification. Among the numerous series of experiments, now 22 series (corresponding to 407 configurations) have been included in the 'International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments'.

  17. Neuro-Oncology Branch patient experience and expertise | Center for Cancer Research

    Cancer.gov

    Experience and Expertise We have more than 20 years of experience working with patients and their physicians to offer a comprehensive approach to patient care. Patients travel from all over the world to be evaluated and treated by our clinical team. The Brain Tumor Clinic sees hundreds of new patients and 2,000–3,000 follow-up patients each year. 

  18. School-based health centers: A four year experience, with a focus on reducing student exclusion rates

    PubMed Central

    Foy, James E; Hahn, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    We describe a four year collaborative experience with an on-site, community school-based health center that is staffed by the Vallejo City Unified School District and supervised by the pediatric faculty of the Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine, with particular attention to first grade student exclusion rates. Patient demographics (including payer source), first grade enrollment statistics, and first grade exclusion rates were analyzed using school district enrollment and exclusion data, billing data, and Child Health Disability Program data. An ethnically diverse patient population is described, with the payer source in 99% of patients being the State of California Child Health Disability Program or no insurance source. Ninety-one percent of office visits were for well child care and immunizations. First grade student exclusion rates for failure to meet the state-mandated physical examination requirement fell 74% over the first four years of the school-based health center's operation. In summary, our school-based health center serves a patient population that is primarily uninsured. Reduction in first grade student exclusion rates enhances student education and reduces the loss of attendance-based state matching funds. Additionally, our school-based health center has been well accepted by the local community. PMID:19284562

  19. Prescribing pharmacists in the ambulatory care setting: Experience at the University of North Carolina Medical Center.

    PubMed

    Hawes, Emily M; Misita, Caron; Burkhart, Jena Ivey; McKnight, Lauren; Deyo, Zachariah M; Lee, Ruth-Ann; Howard, Caroline; Eckel, Stephen F

    2016-09-15

    The prescribing authorities, clinical activities, and productivity documentation strategies of ambulatory care clinic-based pharmacists practicing within a large academic health system are described. North Carolina law encourages progressive pharmacy practice through acquisition of the clinical pharmacist practitioner (CPP) designation. Qualified CPPs are authorized to provide collaborative drug therapy management services, including medication prescribing and ordering of laboratory tests, according to defined protocols and under physician supervision. The University of North Carolina Medical Center has approximately 30 CPPs deployed across a wide range of ambulatory care clinical practice sites. This article describes (1) the pharmacy department's implementation of an ambulatory care practice model, (2) the credentialing and privileging process leading to granting of prescribing privileges, (3) metrics used to demonstrate the impact of CPP activities, (4) recommended general criteria for ambulatory care practice site identification, and (5) strategies for overcoming barriers to successful implementation of ambulatory care-focused clinical pharmacist services. Aggregated intervention-tracking data compiled by seven of the medical center's CPP ambulatory care practice sites indicate extensive CPP involvement in direct patient care encounters and patient or provider consultations, with large numbers of medication-related interventions to support institutional cost-avoidance and revenue goals. CPPs deployed at the medical center's ambulatory care clinics have had a positive impact on clinical and cost outcomes, improving patient care through interventions, contributing to readmission reduction efforts, generating indirect revenue through cost avoidance, and generating new revenue through billing for patient visits. Copyright © 2016 by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Spectrum of glomerular diseases causing acute kidney injury; 25 years experience from a single center

    PubMed Central

    Naqvi, Rubina; Mubarak, Muhammed; Ahmed, Ejaz; Akhtar, Fazal; Bhatti, Sajid; Naqvi, Anwar; Rizvi, Adib

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in nephro-urological practice. Its incidence, prevalence and etiology vary widely, mainly due to variations in the definitions of AKI. Objectives: We aim to report the spectrum of glomerular diseases presenting as AKI at a kidney referral center in Pakistan. Patients and Methods: An observational cohort of patients identified as having AKI which was defined according to RIFLE criteria, with normal size, non-obstructed kidneys on ultrasonography, along with active urine sediment, edema and new onset hypertension. Results: From 1990 to 2014, 236 cases of AKI secondary to acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) registered at this institution. Mean age of patients was 27.94± 12.79 years and M:F ratio was 0.77:1. Thirty percent patients revealed crescents on renal biopsy. AGN without crescents was seen in 33.05% of cases. Postinfectious GN was found in 14.4%, lupus nephritis in 8.5% and mesangiocapillary GN in 3.4% cases. Renal replacement therapy (RRT) required in 75.84% patients. Pulse steroids were given in 45.33% cases followed by oral steroids. Pulse cyclophoshphamide was given in 23.7% cases and plasmapheresis was used in 3.38% cases. Complete recovery was seen in 44%, while 11.44% died during acute phase of illness. About 19.49 % developed chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 25.84% were lost to long- term follow-up. Conclusion: Although glomerular diseases contribute only 4.19 % of total AKI at this center, morbidity associated with illness and its treatment is more marked than other AKI groups. Another notable factor is late referral of these patients to specialized centers resulting in undesirable outcome. PMID:26693497

  1. "Bath salts" and "plant food" products: the experience of one regional US poison center.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Christine M; Dulaney, Anna R; Beuhler, Michael C; Kacinko, Sherri

    2013-03-01

    Abuse of psychogenic substances sold as "bath salts" and "plant food" has escalated in recent years in the United States (USA). Previous reports suggest regional differences in the primary active β-keto phenylalkylamines found in these products and the corresponding signs and symptoms reported after exposure. Currently, there are only limited studies describing the clinical effects associated with reported "bath salts" exposure in the USA. This study describes the clinical effects associated with "bath salt" and "plant food" exposures as reported to the poison center serving the state of North Carolina (Carolinas Poison Center). We performed a retrospective review of the Carolinas Poison Center database for all cases of reported human exposure to "bath salt" and "plant food" products from 2010 to 2011 with specific attention to clinical effects and routes of exposure. Additionally, we reviewed therapies used, trended the volume of exposure cases reported over the study period, and evaluated the distribution of calls within state counties using descriptive statistics. Carolinas Poison Center received 485 total calls and 409 reported exposure calls regarding "bath salt" or "plant food" products between January of 2010 and December of 2011. The peak of reported exposures occurred in May of 2011. Clinical effects commonly reported in the exposure cases generated from these calls included tachycardia (53.3 %, n = 218), agitated/irritable (50.4 %, n = 206), hallucination/delusions (26.7 %, n = 109), and hypertension (25.2 %, n = 103). In addition to intravenous fluids, common therapies included benzodiazepines (46.0 %, n = 188), sedation (13.4 %, n = 55), alkalinization (3.90 %, n = 16), antihistamine (4.16 %, n = 17), and intubation (3.67 %, n = 15). Haloperidol was the antipsychotic agent used most often to treat agitation (n = 40). Serious complications associated with reported exposure to "bath salt" and "plant food" products

  2. The experience of a Power Nap Center in the largest city of Brazil.

    PubMed

    Santos-Silva, Rogerio; Jankavski, Camila; Lorenzi-Filho, Geraldo

    2016-01-01

    We evaluated the frequency of naps and features of nappers who took a nap in a Power Nap Center located in downtown area of São Paulo. Company database was retrospectively analyzed and 4.625 naps were evaluated (January-December 2014). Most naps (57%) lasted 30 min. 33% of subjects took a nap more than once a week (73% male). Progressive growth in the number of naps across the months was observed (January=110 to December=505). Results suggest that the society is sleep deprived and taking a nap during the day could be an important strategy to improve quality of life and increase productivity.

  3. Vehicular air pollution: Experiences from seven Latin american urban centers. World Bank Technical Paper No. 373

    SciTech Connect

    Onursal, B.; Gautam, S.P.

    1997-09-01

    Air pollution caused by motor vehicles is a major environmental problem in many Latin American urban centers. If appropriate measures are not taken soon, vehicular air pollution in the region is likely to worsen, posing a great threat to human health and welfare. This report analyzes the pollutants emitted by motor vehicles, their effects, and pollutant-control measures targeted at vehicles, fuels, and transport management. Case studies for Mexico City, Mexico, Santiago, Chile, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Botota, Colombia, illustrate how these measures have been used in the region and how they can be strengthened.

  4. Inventory management for cardiac catheterization labs: the Princeton-Baptist Medical Center experience.

    PubMed

    Long, T A

    1993-08-01

    Several issues must be considered for implementation in order to decrease inventories and make them more manageable. Physician consensus on products, strict vendor control by the department manager, setting and maintaining low par levels, inventorying stock daily, negotiating just-in-time deliveries, conservation-minded staff, and working in concert with central supply and materiel management personnel are steps that when employed correctly can lead to more manageable inventories in cardiac catheterization departments. If these steps are implemented, they will enhance the liquidity of the department and ultimately that of the medical center.

  5. Clinical experience with HIV-infected patients at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.

    PubMed

    Trotter, J A; Haglund, L A; Greenfield, R A; Slater, L N; Harris, S L; Muchmore, H G; Fine, D P

    1989-06-01

    Two hundred seventy-two patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have received care from the members of the adult infectious disease section at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. The majority of these patients met the diagnostic criteria for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. This group of patients was characterized by relatively few parenteral drug abusers, a high incidence of disseminated histoplasmosis, and an unexpectedly low frequency of toxoplasmosis. The prevalence of risk behaviors and endemic disease may be responsible for these particular case distributions.

  6. [Replantation and revascularization in acute upper limb amputation--the Sheba Medical Center experience].

    PubMed

    Oron, Amir; Yaffe, Batia

    2008-01-01

    Replantation and revascularization in acute upper-limb amputations are well-accepted surgical techniques in hand surgery. All medical staff members treating patients in emergency settings should be familiar with the indications, timetable, setup and transportation of patients rendered suitable for such surgery. While replantation surgery is not considered a simple surgical procedure by any means, viability rates approach ninety percent. The amputated part should be wrapped with gauze soaked in saline, placed in a sterile plastic bag and then put in an ice-filled container. The patient should be transferred to a medical center with a team dedicated to performing replantation procedures, following notification in advance. Time from the initial insult to the initiation of treatment should be minimized. Combined efforts employed by the primary caregivers and the microsurgical team will lead to optimization of patient treatment and improve the final outcome. During the years 1991-2007 a total of 383 upper limb replantation or revascularization procedures were performed at the Sheba Medical Center and are presented in this article.

  7. Surveillance of surgical site infections: decade of experience at a Colombian tertiary care center.

    PubMed

    Arias, Cesar A; Quintero, Gustavo; Vanegas, Blanca E; Rico, Clara Luz; Patiño, Jose Felix

    2003-05-01

    A protocol for surveillance of surgical site infections (SSIs) was established in a tertiary care center in 1991 in Bogota, Colombia and followed for 10 years. Wounds were classified according to the Centers for Disease Control guidelines. The National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance and Study of the Efficacy of Nosocomial Infection Control scores for risk factors were included from June 1999. A total of 33027 surgical procedures were followed by the surveillance team. The overall infection rate was 2.6%. Most surgical procedures (70.6%) were classified as clean; 25.3%, 3.8%, and 0.26% were classified as clean/contaminated, contaminated, and dirty, respectively. Infection rates according to wound classification were 1.28%, 3.9%, 15.4%, and 38.4% for clean, clean/contaminated, contaminated, and dirty procedures, respectively. Escherichia coli and coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most frequently isolated microorganisms from SSI: 23.9% and 22.8% of isolates, respectively. A program of surveillance of SSIs has been successfully implemented in a country with limited resources and has maintained the infection rate within international standards.

  8. COOP 3D ARPA Experiment 109 National Center for Atmospheric Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    Coupled atmospheric and hydrodynamic forecast models were executed on the supercomputing resources of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado and the Ohio Supercomputing Center (OSC)in Columbus, Ohio. respectively. The interoperation of the forecast models on these geographically diverse, high performance Cray platforms required the transfer of large three dimensional data sets at very high information rates. High capacity, terrestrial fiber optic transmission system technologies were integrated with those of an experimental high speed communications satellite in Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO) to test the integration of the two systems. Operation over a spacecraft in GEO orbit required modification of the standard configuration of legacy data communications protocols to facilitate their ability to perform efficiently in the changing environment characteristic of a hybrid network. The success of this performance tuning enabled the use of such an architecture to facilitate high data rate, fiber optic quality data communications between high performance systems not accessible to standard terrestrial fiber transmission systems. Thus obviating the performance degradation often found in contemporary earth/satellite hybrids.

  9. The current status of robotic transaxillary thyroidectomy in the United States: an experience from two centers.

    PubMed

    Zaidi, Nisar; Daskalaki, Despoina; Quadri, Pablo; Okoh, Alexis; Giulianotti, Pier Cristoforo; Berber, Eren

    2017-08-01

    Few studies exist regarding the state of robotic transaxillary thyroidectomy (RT) and its outcomes at high-volume institutions. Eighty-nine patients underwent RT between January 2009 and September 2015 at two tertiary centers. Data were collected from prospectively-maintained IRB-approved databases. Patient demographic and clinical data, and trends were evaluated. Indications for RT included biopsy-proven or suspicion for malignancy in 20.2%, atypical cells or follicular neoplasm in 27.7%, multinodular goiter in 26.6%, thyrotoxicosis in 8.5%, need for completion thyroidectomy in 5.3%, and non-diagnostic FNA in 3.2%. 56% underwent total thyroidectomy and 44% lobectomy. Operative time (OT) was 153.5 minutes for lobectomies and 192.6 minutes for total thyroidectomy. The complication rate was 11.7%: temporary RLN neuropraxia in 2 patients, permanent hypoparathyroidism in 1 patient, temporary hypoparathyroidism in 6 patients, flap seroma in 1 patient, and flap hematoma in 1 patient. Pathology showed malignancy in 43 patients. At a mean follow-up of 31.9 months, there were no recurrences. Since 2013, the number of RTs performed has risen. The number of out-of-state patients increased from 18% to 37% after 2011. RT was performed without compromising outcomes in selected patients. There remains interest among patients seeking this procedure in expert centers.

  10. The current status of robotic transaxillary thyroidectomy in the United States: an experience from two centers

    PubMed Central

    Zaidi, Nisar; Daskalaki, Despoina; Quadri, Pablo; Okoh, Alexis; Giulianotti, Pier Cristoforo

    2017-01-01

    Background Few studies exist regarding the state of robotic transaxillary thyroidectomy (RT) and its outcomes at high-volume institutions. Methods Eighty-nine patients underwent RT between January 2009 and September 2015 at two tertiary centers. Data were collected from prospectively-maintained IRB-approved databases. Patient demographic and clinical data, and trends were evaluated. Results Indications for RT included biopsy-proven or suspicion for malignancy in 20.2%, atypical cells or follicular neoplasm in 27.7%, multinodular goiter in 26.6%, thyrotoxicosis in 8.5%, need for completion thyroidectomy in 5.3%, and non-diagnostic FNA in 3.2%. 56% underwent total thyroidectomy and 44% lobectomy. Operative time (OT) was 153.5 minutes for lobectomies and 192.6 minutes for total thyroidectomy. The complication rate was 11.7%: temporary RLN neuropraxia in 2 patients, permanent hypoparathyroidism in 1 patient, temporary hypoparathyroidism in 6 patients, flap seroma in 1 patient, and flap hematoma in 1 patient. Pathology showed malignancy in 43 patients. At a mean follow-up of 31.9 months, there were no recurrences. Since 2013, the number of RTs performed has risen. The number of out-of-state patients increased from 18% to 37% after 2011. Conclusions RT was performed without compromising outcomes in selected patients. There remains interest among patients seeking this procedure in expert centers. PMID:28861379

  11. Lionfish string experiences of an inland poison center: a retrospective study of 23 cases.

    PubMed

    Trestrail, J H; al-Mahasneh, Q M

    1989-04-01

    From January 1979 through March 1988, our regional poison center, located many hundreds of miles from the nearest coastal salt water, documented 23 cases of envenomation by "Lionfish" (members of genus Pterois). All cases involved specimens which were maintained in the homes of amateur aquarists. A study of patient epidemiology showed the following: patient's sex 91.3% male, 8.7% female; patients ages ranged from 17 to 50 years with an average age for males of 29.8 years and 35 years for females; the site of the envenomation accident was always in the home; the only part of the body envenomated was the hand or finger; and all of the patients were symptomatic. Symptoms noted included sharp pain, swelling, redness, bleeding, nausea, numbness, joint pain, anxiety, headache, disorientation, and dizziness. One patient had a complication of cellulitis. Treatment provided included immersion of the effected area in hot water at 40 C for 60 to 90 min, analgesics, tetanus toxoid, and antibiotics. There were no deaths noted and treatment proved effective in all cases. This paper also discusses the natural history, clinical effects, and current treatment for envenomations from these beautiful but dangerous venomous fish, which can cause poisoning exposures that are likely to be encountered by poison centers anywhere in the world.

  12. De novo cancers following liver transplantation: a single center experience in China.

    PubMed

    Yu, Songfeng; Gao, Feng; Yu, Jun; Yan, Sheng; Wu, Jian; Zhang, Min; Wang, Weilin; Zheng, Shusen

    2014-01-01

    De novo cancers are a growing problem that has become one of the leading causes of late mortality after liver transplantation. The incidences and risk factors varied among literatures and fewer concerned the Eastern population. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and clinical features of de novo cancers after liver transplantation in a single Chinese center. 569 patients who received liver transplantation and survived for more than 3 months in a single Chinese center were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 18 de novo cancers were diagnosed in 17 recipients (13 male and 4 female) after a mean of 41 ± 26 months, with an overall incidence of 3.2%, which was lower than that in Western people. Of these, 8 (3.32%) cases were from 241 recipients with malignant liver diseases before transplant, while 10 (3.05%) cases were from 328 recipients with benign diseases. The incidence rates were comparable, p = 0.86. Furthermore, 2 cases developed in 1 year, 5 cases in 3 years and 11 cases over 3 years. The most frequent cancers developed after liver transplantation were similar to those in the general Chinese population but had much higher incidence rates. Liver transplant recipients were at increased risk for developing de novo cancers. The incidence rates and pattern of de novo cancers in Chinese population are different from Western people due to racial and social factors. Pre-transplant malignant condition had no relationship to de novo cancer. Exact risk factors need further studies.

  13. Discrepancies in Lymphoma Diagnosis Over the Years: A 13-Year Experience in a Tertiary Center.

    PubMed

    Özkaya, Neval; Başsüllü, Nuray; Demiröz, Ahu Senem; Tüzüner, Nükhet

    2017-03-01

    In the past, accurate diagnosis of lymphoma was challenging since there were multiple competing classification systems that caused confusion and debate. After establishment of the World Health Organization lymphoma classification, lymphomas still remain a diagnostic challenge among general pathologists. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the discordance among centers has declined over the years. All lymphoma or lymphoma-suspected specimens that had been sent to the Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine between 2000 and 2013 for a second opinion were deemed eligible. To evaluate the change in the discrepancy rates over time we compared the rates of revision between 2000-2008 and 2009-2013. A total of 1824 patients in two time periods met the inclusion criteria. The overall discordance rate was 45.6%. This rate showed significant variations between different histologic subtypes. Discordance rates also varied significantly over time and decreased from 51.3% in 2000-2008 to 38.7% in 2009-2013 (p<.0001). The high discordance rate, especially in the second period, indicates the need for easily accessible hematopathology consultation centers.

  14. Terrorist attacks in Paris: Surgical trauma experience in a referral center.

    PubMed

    Gregory, Thomas M; Bihel, Thomas; Guigui, Pierre; Pierrart, Jérôme; Bouyer, Benjamin; Magrino, Baptiste; Delgrande, Damien; Lafosse, Thibault; Al Khaili, Jaber; Baldacci, Antoine; Lonjon, Guillaume; Moreau, Sébastien; Lantieri, Laurent; Alsac, Jean-Marc; Dufourcq, Jean-Baptiste; Mantz, Jean; Juvin, Philippe; Halimi, Philippe; Douard, Richard; Mir, Olivier; Masmejean, Emmanuel

    2016-10-01

    On November 13th, 2015, terrorist bomb explosions and gunshots occurred in Paris, France, with 129 people immediately killed, and more than 300 being injured. This article describes the staff organization, surgical management, and patterns of injuries in casualties who were referred to the Teaching European Hospital Georges Pompidou. This study is a retrospective analysis of the pre-hospital response and the in-hospital response in our referral trauma center. Data for patient flow, resource use, patterns of injuries and outcomes were obtained by the review of electronic hospital records. Forty-one patients were referred to our center, and 22 requiring surgery were hospitalized for>24h. From November 14th at 0:41 A.M. to November 15th at 1:10 A.M., 23 surgical interventions were performed on 22 casualties. Gunshot injuries and/or shrapnel wounds were found in 45%, fractures in 45%, head trauma in 4.5%, and abdominal injuries in 14%. Soft-tissue and musculoskeletal injuries predominated in 77% of cases, peripheral nerve injury was identified in 30%. The mortality rate was 0% at last follow up. Rapid staff and logistical response, immediate access to operating rooms, and multidisciplinary surgical care delivery led to excellent short-term outcomes, with no in-hospital death and only one patient being still hospitalized 45days after the initial event. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Unambiguous identification of an OH-Li center in ZnO: Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, G. A.; Stavola, M.; Fowler, W. B.

    2006-03-01

    Theory has found that isolated H is always a donor in ZnO [1] and has led to a number of studies of the properties of H in this promising wide bandgap semiconductor. Of interest here is an OH vibrational line at 3577.3 cm-1 that is dominant in ZnO grown by the hydrothermal method [2,3]. We show that the two naturally abundant isotopes of Li [^6Li (7.5%) and ^7Li (92.5%)] cause the D-stretching counterpart of the 3577.3 cm-1 IR line to be split into two components that can be separately resolved, even though the 3577.3 cm-1 line itself shows no Li-related splitting. This unexpected result establishes unambiguously that the 3577.3 cm-1 IR line is due to an OH-Li complex. Overtone and oxygen isotope data for the OH-Li center provide an unusually complete picture of the vibrational properties of this defect. Because isotope splittings for elements heavier than Li will be more difficult to detect, this OH-Li center may be considered a model system for H trapped by impurities in ZnO. [1] C. G. Van de Walle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1012 (2000). [2] L. E. Halliburton et al., J. Appl. Phys. 96, 7168 (2004). [3] E. V. Lavrov et al., Phys. Rev. B 71, 035205 (2005).

  16. Prevention of cytomegalovirus disease in renal transplantation: single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Parreira, L; Bruges, M; Gaspar, A; Weigert, A; Machado, D

    2009-04-01

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and CMV disease remain important issues in renal transplantation. Incidence depends on individual patient risk. There are different possible strategies for CMV prophylaxis. In our center CMV prevention includes prophylaxis with low-dose valganciclovir for all high-risk recipients; for the remaining patients, valganciclovir is only prescribed when there is evidence of CMV replication. All recipients are monitored for viral replication. We evaluated the results of this preventive strategy in all 135 patients who underwent transplantation between 2006 and 2007 in our center. Average follow-up time was 16 months (6-30 months). Fifty-one recipients (38%) received CMV prophylaxis. The median duration of prophylaxis was 84 days. In 37% of the recipients (50 patients) CMV antigenemia became positive, and were given therapeutic doses of valganciclovir. Of these patients, 32% were high-risk recipients undergoing prophylaxis. CMV infection rate was 40% in the group not receiving prophylaxis. No association was observed between CMV infection and prophylaxis duration. However, 50% of patients who suspended prophylaxis before completion of the first 3 months became infected. There were 3 cases of CMV disease (2.2%). Leukopenia was seen in 34% of patients receiving prophylaxis. Valganciclovir prophylaxis for high-risk patients seems to be effective and safe among subjects who complete the full duration of treatment. Despite CMV-positive antigenemia in 40% of patients not undergoing prophylaxis, pre-emptive therapy with valganciclovir was effective to prevent CMV disease, but close monitoring is essential for disease prevention.

  17. Posttransplant malignancies in renal transplant recipients: 22-years experience from a single center in Pakistan.

    PubMed

    Yunus, Mahira; Aziz, Tahir; Mubarak, Muhammed

    2012-01-01

    To study the incidence, types and distribution pattern of malignant tumors in renal transplant recipients at a single center in Pakistan. This retrospective study was conducted at Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT) and included all transplant patients on regular follow-up from November 1986 to December 2008. The original biopsy reports and case files of all patients who developed posttransplant malignancies were reviewed and relevant demographic, clinical, radiological, and histopathological data were retrieved and analyzed. SPSS version 10.0 was used for statistical analysis. Over 22 years of study period, 1816 renal transplants were carried out at our center. Among these, 44 patients developed malignancies constituting an overall incidence rate of 2.4%. All patients in this study were males with a mean age of 34.9±9.5 years (range: 9 to 60 years). The most common type of malignancy was lymphoma (27 patients, 61.4%), followed by Kaposi's sarcoma (11 patients, 25%) and skin malignancies (3 patients, 6.8%). One case each of adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), conjunctival carcinoma-in-situ and seminoma were also diagnosed. Posttransplant malignancies occurring in our renal transplant recipients show different incidence rates and patterns as compared with western studies.

  18. Holmium:YAG laser coronary angioplasty: quantitative angiography and clinical results in a large experience of a single medical center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Topaz, On; Luxenberg, Michael; Schumacher, Audrey

    1994-07-01

    Clinical experience with the mid IR holmium:YAG laser in a single medical center (St. Paul Ramsey Medical Center, University of Minnesota Medical School, St. Paul, MN) includes 112 patients who underwent holmium laser coronary angioplasty. Utilizing a unique lasing technique; `pulse and retreat,' we applied this laser to thrombotic and nonthrombotic lesions in patients presenting with unstable angina, stable angina, and acute myocardial infarction. A very high clinical success and very low complication rates were achieved. Holmium:YAG laser is effective and safe therapy for patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease. Unlike excimer lasers, the clinical success, efficacy and safety of holmium laser angioplasty is not compromised when thrombus is present.

  19. Awareness and experience of andropause symptoms in men referring to health centers: a cross-sectional study in Iran.

    PubMed

    Samipoor, Forough; Pakseresht, Sedigheh; Rezasoltani, Parvaneh; Kazemnajad Leili, Ehsan

    2017-09-01

    Andropause is a gradual process and more similar to menopause in women. Knowledge and experience of symptoms of andropause is an important discussion is in their lives. This study aimed to determine Awareness and Experience of Andropause Symptoms in Men referring to Health Centers in Rasht, Iran. This cross-sectional and analytical study included 140 men over 40 years referring to one of health centers. Collection tool of this study was a questionnaire consisting of three parts. The first part was about demographic characteristics, The second part was a researcher-made questionnaire, The third part was Aging Male Scales (AMS) questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical statistics. This study showed 73.6% had experience symptoms of andropause. The mean knowledge score (of 20 score) for the 3/3 ± 4/9, with the level of education, occupation and income was statistically significant (p < 0.05). There was significant relationship the andropause symptoms with BMI and occupation (p < 0.05). Based on the results of this study, despite the fact that the majority of men over age 40 had experienced symptoms of andropause, but their awareness about andropause was very low.

  20. [Kidney transplant experience at the Specialty Hospital Bernardo Sepulveda National Medical Center Century XXI, Mexican Institute of Social Security].

    PubMed

    Gracida-Juárez, Carmen; Espinoza-Pérez, Ramón; Cancino-López, Jorge David; Ibarra-Villanueva, Araceli; Cedillo-López, Urbano; Villegas-Anzo, Fernando; Martínez-Alvarez, Julio

    2011-09-01

    The first kidney transplant in Mexico was done on October 22, 1963 at the General Hospital of National Medical Center (CMN) of the Mexican Institute of Social Security. After the earthquake in 1985, the transplantation activity was continued at the Specialty Hospital of National Medical Center Century XXI. Our program has a continue activity for almost 48 years and a total of 2019 kidney transplants from October 1963 to December 2010. We describe our experience in 20 years. Retrospective cohort study that includes all kidney transplants performed in the period from January 1991 to December 2010. Descriptive statistics were used. The survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan Meier method. We show the patient survival, graft survival censored for death with functional graft and total graft survival (uncensored). We analyzed a total of 1544 kidney transplants. The percentage of living donor was 82.9 vs. deceased donor of 17.1%. Patient survival at 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 years was 95.0, 91.8, 87.2, 81.1 and 70.1%, respectively; allograft survival rate censored for death with functional allograft at 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 years was 93.0, 86.2, 76.2, 63.7 and 50.9%, respectively. Our Transplant center also take care of around 1300 living donors in the long term, looking for morbidities as risk factors for the unique kidney as metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension and others. In our program, the main source of renal allografts was living donors. Our transplant center has to increase the organ procurement from deceased donors. An important contribution of our center has been the long follow up of living donors according to international consensus.

  1. Long-term results of children diagnosed with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome; single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Hacıhamdioğlu, Duygu Övünç; Kalman, Süleyman; Gök, Faysal

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term results of children followed up with a diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome in a single center. Materials and Method: The medical data of 33 patients aged between 6 months and 10 years who were diagnosed with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in our center between January 2000 and December 2012 and followed up for a period of 2–12 years were reviewed (Gulhane Military Medical Academy Ethics committee, 07.11.2012/10). Results: The mean age of disease onset was 3.2±2.04 years (range: 0.5–10 years) and the mean follow-up period was 6±3.4 years (range: 2–12 years). Thirteen (39.4%) of the study group (or the patients) were female and 20 (60.6%) were male. Twenty seven (1.8%) of the patients were sensitive to steroid and 6 (18.1%) were resistant to steroid. Four (12.1%) of the steroid-resistant patients had steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome, 5 (15.2%) had frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome and 18 (54.5%) had rarely relapsing nephrotic syndrome. Histopathological diagnoses of six patients who underwent biopsy because of resistance to steroid were as follows: focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (n=3), C1q nephropathy (n=1), diffuse mesangial proliferation (n=1) and membraneous nephropathy (n=1). Fifteen (45.5%) patients entered into full remission and 2 (6%) patients developed chronic renal failure. Treatment complications including decreased bone mineral density in three patients (9%), short stature in 2 patients (6%) and cataract in 2 patients (6%) developed. Conclusions: Children with nephrotic syndrome carry a risk in terms of short stature, osteoporosis, cataract and renal failure in the long-term follow-up. It was observed that our rates of response to steroid were similar to the literature and the most common histopathological diagnosis was focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in our patients who underwent biopsy because of resistance to steroid. It was thought that multi-center studies should be

  2. Evaluation and surgical management of the gallstone ileus. A single center experience.

    PubMed

    Safioleas, M; Stamatakos, M; Spyrakos, C; Safioleas, P; Chatzikonstantinou, C; Iannescu, R; Safioleas, C

    2008-01-01

    Gallstone ileus representing 1-4% of all bowel obstructions cholelithiasis. Impaction of a gallstone in the human of the bowel is a surgical emergency. Relief of the obstruction is the treatment of choice, but controversy exists regarding the repair of the fistula and cholecystectomy. Our experience in the management of gallstone ileus is presented in the following article.

  3. Managing Disaster Recovery Centers on Campus: The Experience of Southeastern Louisiana University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Heather; Shafer, Duane

    2007-01-01

    When Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast in August 2005, Southeastern Louisiana University was spared the brunt of the storm and was fortunate that most structures on campus remained intact. However, the storm still affected the campus for weeks. This article reflects on the experiences of university leaders and facility managers as they provided…

  4. Hitting the TARGET? A Case Study of the Experiences of Teachers in Steel Mill Learning Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Amy D.; Jeris, Laurel; Smith, Robert

    Part of a larger study on the experience of teaching in the steel mill learning environment was an inquiry focused on professional development. Teachers and coordinators were all members of the Teachers Action Research Group for Educational Technology (TARGET), a group of adult educators interested in improving learning and teaching in career…

  5. Online Digital Archives Technology That Supports Rich, Student-Centered Learning Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofer, Mark

    2004-01-01

    Today's students watch the newest movie trailers on the Web, share music files, play video games with other players over the Internet, and swap digital pictures of the latest teen idols. Donald Tapscott points out in his book Growing Up Digital that as this rich multimedia experience becomes more a part of students' lives outside of school, they…

  6. Managing Disaster Recovery Centers on Campus: The Experience of Southeastern Louisiana University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Heather; Shafer, Duane

    2007-01-01

    When Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast in August 2005, Southeastern Louisiana University was spared the brunt of the storm and was fortunate that most structures on campus remained intact. However, the storm still affected the campus for weeks. This article reflects on the experiences of university leaders and facility managers as they provided…

  7. An Academic Medical Center's Experience with Mandatory Managed Care for Medicaid Recipients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Alan L.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports on experiences and concerns of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania as a participating primary care site in a Medicaid managed care program (HealthPASS). Discussed are the modification of existing activities to meet increased care demands and administrative demands, and characteristics of HealthPASS that have impeded…

  8. The Manuel Lujan, Jr. Neutron Scattering Center LANSCE experiment reports 1989 run cycle

    SciTech Connect

    Hyer, D.K.; DiStravolo, M.A.

    1990-10-01

    This report contains a listing and description of experiments carried on at the LANSCE neutron scattering facility in the following areas: High Density Powder Diffraction; Neutron Powder Diffractometer, (NPD); Single Crystal Diffractometer, (SCD); Low-Q Diffractometer, (LQD); Surface Profile Analysis Reflectometer, (SPEAR); Filter Difference Spectrometer, (FDS); and Constant-Q Spectrometer.

  9. Charcot Neuropathic Arthropathy of the Foot: A Literature Review and Single-Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Shaikh, Haroun Hassan

    2016-01-01

    Charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy of the foot is a relatively common complication of diabetic neuropathy. Incorrect diagnosis and improper treatment often result in the extremity having to be amputated. This paper summarises the current view on the etiology, diagnostics, and treatment of diabetic Charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy, with particular focus on preserving the extremity through surgical intervention from our own experiences. PMID:27656656

  10. Group Project Work and Student-centered Active Learning: Two Different Experiences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livingstone, David; Lynch, Kenneth

    2000-01-01

    Compared experiences with group-based student projects in a Geographical Information Systems degree taught by one faculty member and in geography degree modules taught by another. Concludes that care must be taken in the design and execution of these projects to avoid problems that might reinforce myths about negative effects of team-based…

  11. Changing What We Do: Constructing a Team-Based, Problem-Centered Professional Development Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollweg, Karen S.; Kubota, Carole; Ferrell, Phyllis

    Incorporating community-based programs into the curriculum provides rich, real learning experiences. The VINE (Volunteer-led Investigations of Neighborhood Ecology) Follow-Through Project allows third through fifth grade students to work with trained volunteers in guided inquiries on the ecological habitats found in the schoolyard and the…

  12. Compulsory drug detention center experiences among a community-based sample of injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand.

    PubMed

    Csete, Joanne; Kaplan, Karyn; Hayashi, Kanna; Fairbairn, Nadia; Suwannawong, Paisan; Zhang, Ruth; Wood, Evan; Kerr, Thomas

    2011-10-20

    Despite Thailand's official reclassification of drug users as "patients" deserving care and not "criminals," the Thai government has continued to rely heavily on punitive responses to drug use such as "boot camp"-style compulsory "treatment" centers. There is very little research on experiences with compulsory treatment centers among people who use drugs. The work reported here is a first step toward filling that gap. We examined experiences of compulsory drug treatment among 252 Thai people who inject drugs (IDU) participating in the Mitsampan Community Research Project in Bangkok. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors independently associated with a history of compulsory treatment experience. In total, 80 (31.7%) participants reported a history of compulsory treatment. In multivariate analyses, compulsory drug detention experience was positively associated with current spending on drugs per day (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.86; 95%CI: 1.07 - 3.22) and reporting drug planting by police (AOR = 1.81; 95%CI: 1.04 - 3.15). Among those with compulsory treatment experience, 77 (96.3%) reported injecting in the past week, and no difference in intensity of drug use was observed between those with and without a history of compulsory detention. These findings raise concerns about the current approach to compulsory drug detention in Thailand. Exposure to compulsory drug detention was associated with police abuse and high rates of relapse into drug use, although additional research is needed to determine the precise impact of exposure to this form of detention on future drug use. More broadly, compulsory "treatment" based on a penal approach is not consistent with scientific evidence on addressing drug addiction and should be phased out in favor of evidence-based interventions.

  13. Compulsory drug detention center experiences among a community-based sample of injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Despite Thailand's official reclassification of drug users as "patients" deserving care and not "criminals," the Thai government has continued to rely heavily on punitive responses to drug use such as "boot camp"-style compulsory "treatment" centers. There is very little research on experiences with compulsory treatment centers among people who use drugs. The work reported here is a first step toward filling that gap. Methods We examined experiences of compulsory drug treatment among 252 Thai people who inject drugs (IDU) participating in the Mitsampan Community Research Project in Bangkok. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors independently associated with a history of compulsory treatment experience. Results In total, 80 (31.7%) participants reported a history of compulsory treatment. In multivariate analyses, compulsory drug detention experience was positively associated with current spending on drugs per day (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.86; 95%CI: 1.07 - 3.22) and reporting drug planting by police (AOR = 1.81; 95%CI: 1.04 - 3.15). Among those with compulsory treatment experience, 77 (96.3%) reported injecting in the past week, and no difference in intensity of drug use was observed between those with and without a history of compulsory detention. Conclusion These findings raise concerns about the current approach to compulsory drug detention in Thailand. Exposure to compulsory drug detention was associated with police abuse and high rates of relapse into drug use, although additional research is needed to determine the precise impact of exposure to this form of detention on future drug use. More broadly, compulsory "treatment" based on a penal approach is not consistent with scientific evidence on addressing drug addiction and should be phased out in favor of evidence-based interventions. PMID:22014093

  14. Mayo Clinic Cancer Center Experience of Metastatic Extramammary Paget Disease 1998-2012.

    PubMed

    Padrnos, Leslie; Karlin, Nina; Halfdanarson, Thorvardur R

    2016-11-17

    Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare cutaneous malignancy. The most common presentation of EMPD is the vulva followed by perianal involvement. Most cases are localized to the dermis with treatment focused on surgery, topical treatment or radiotherapy. Recurrence is frequent despite therapies utilized. Metastatic extramammary Paget disease is uncommon and, as such, standard treatment guidelines do not exist. This study sought to evaluate the treatment regimens and outcomes of patients treated at a Mayo Clinic Center from 1998-2012. Cancer registry inquiry revealed 261 patients with report advanced Paget disease during these years. Ten cases of metastatic EPMD were identified with sufficient documentation for review. This review reveals support for utilizing localized radiation therapy for bulky disease sequentially with systemic chemotherapy consisting of carboplatin and paclitaxel or irinotecan. Further studies are necessary to define the optimal treatment regimen.

  15. The Schema.org Datasets Schema: Experiences at the National Snow and Ice Data Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duerr, R.; Billingsley, B. W.; Harper, D.; Kovarik, J.

    2014-12-01

    Data discovery, is still a major challenge for many users. Relevant data may be located anywhere. There are currently no existing universal data registries. Often users start with a simple query through their web browser. But how do you get your data to actually show up near the top of the results? One relatively new way to accomplish this is to use schema.org dataset markup in your data pages. Theoretically this provides web crawlers the additional information needed so that a query for data will preferentially return those pages that were marked up accordingly. The National Snow and Ice Data Center recently implemented an initial set of markup in the data set pages returned by its catalog. The Datasets data model, our process, challenges encountered and results will be described.

  16. Establishing effective working relations with a potential user community - NASA Lewis Research Center experience

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Foster, P.

    1977-01-01

    The NASA Lewis Research Center has held a series of six major and unique technology utilization conferences which were major milestones in planned structured efforts to establish effective working relationships with specific technology user communities. These efforts were unique in that the activities undertaken prior to the conference were extensive, and effectively laid the groundwork for productive technology transfer following, and as a direct result of, the conferences. The effort leading to the conference was in each case tailored to the characteristics of the potential user community, however, the common factors comprise a basic framework applicable to similar endeavors. The process is essentially a planned sequence of steps that constitute a technical market survey and a marketing program for the development of beneficial applications of aerospace technology beyond the aerospace field.

  17. NASA Glenn Research Center Experience Using DOE Midwest Region Super ESPC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zala, Laszlo F.

    2000-01-01

    The energy crisis of 1973 prompted the Federal Government and private industry to look into alternative methods to save energy. At the same time the constant reduction of operations and maintenance funds during the last 5 years forced Glenn Research Center (GRC) to look for alternative funding sources to meet the mandate to reduce energy consumption. The Super Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) was chosen as a viable source of facility improvement funding that can create larger project scope and help replace aging, inefficient equipment. This paper describes Glenn's participation in the Department of Energy (DOE) Super ESPC program. This program provided Glenn cost savings in the performance of energy audits, preparation of documents, evaluation of proposals, and selection of energy service company (ESCO).

  18. Use of accelerating clinical improvement in reorganization of care: the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center experience.

    PubMed

    Kobokovich, L J

    1997-01-01

    Accelerating clinical improvement is a unique strategic method for accelerating the rate and effectiveness of improvements in strategically important clinical services. It promotes real reduction in the cost of service while preserving the quality and value within the system. Based on the components of process, value, benchmarking, change, and learning, the method can be used in any system or setting to produce value-driven change. Accelerating clinical improvement is being used within the Obstetrical Department of Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center to decrease postpartum length of stay for families with spontaneous vaginal delivery. Familiarity with the method led to additional and ongoing improvements in the system. This method is important for nurses because it is continuous, multidisciplinary, addresses values of concern to families and providers, and is easily incorporated by nurse providers in any clinical setting.

  19. Chronic myeloid leukemia in children and adolescents: A single center experience from Eastern India.

    PubMed

    Raut, Lalit; Bohara, Vinay V; Ray, Siddhartha S; Chakrabarti, Prantar; Chaudhuri, Utpal

    2013-10-01

    Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) constitutes around 3% of leukemia in the children and adolescent age group. The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristics at presentation and the treatment outcome of CML in the children and adolescent age group. Retrospective analysis was carried out at a single center in India. Thirteen patients (≤17 years) attending CML outdoor from April 2008 to August 2012 were included in the analysis. The mean and median of various parameters were calculated using a Microsoft excel sheet. SPSS 16.0 version software was used to calculate OS and PFS. CML-CP was the most common phase at presentation. Maximum patients belonged to the 14 - 17 year old age group. Disease was common in the male sex. Splenic discomfort and asthenia were the most common symptoms and splenomegaly was the most common sign. The treatment with Imatinib was effective and well-tolerated.

  20. The rate of anti-HIV seropositivity among donated cadavers: experience in a cadaver donation center.

    PubMed

    Wiwanitkit, Viroj; Agthong, Sithiporn

    2002-01-01

    Cadavers are crucial for the medical education provided by medical schools. However, currently, donation is the only way to obtain cadavers for education in Thailand. Moreover, some traditional beliefs result in insufficient numbers of cadavers. Apart from finding donors, the occupational health of the workers in the cadaver donation center and the users, the medical students, residents, and staffs should be addressed. Screening for anti-HIV in donated organs is the current trend in transplantation medicine. Therefore, screening for anti-HIV in donated cadavers is useful. Here, we report the rate of anti-HIV seropositivity in cadavers in a 1-year period in our setting, the largest Thai Red Cross Society hospital. Of the total 84 cadavers received, two cadavers (2.4%) were anti-HIV seropositive. With the increasing rate of anti-HIV, screening for anti-HIV serology in donated cadavers for medical teaching is of great benefit.

  1. Outcome science in practice: an overview and initial experience at the Vanderbilt Spine Center.

    PubMed

    McGirt, Matthew J; Speroff, Theodore; Godil, Saniya Siraj; Cheng, Joseph S; Selden, Nathan R; Asher, Anthony L

    2013-01-01

    In terms of policy, research, quality improvement, and practice-based learning, there are essential principles--namely, quality, effectiveness, and value of care--needed to navigate changes in the current and future US health care environment. Patient-centered outcome measurement lies at the core of all 3 principles. Multiple measures of disease-specific disability, generic health-related quality of life, and preference-based health state have been introduced to quantify disease impact and define effectiveness of care. This paper reviews the basic principles of patient outcome measurement and commonly used outcome instruments. The authors provide examples of how utilization of outcome measurement tools in everyday neurosurgical practice can facilitate practice-based learning, quality improvement, and real-world comparative effectiveness research, as well as promote the value of neurosurgical care.

  2. Mayo Clinic Cancer Center Experience of Metastatic Extramammary Paget Disease 1998-2012

    PubMed Central

    Padrnos, Leslie; Karlin, Nina; Halfdanarson, Thorvardur R.

    2016-01-01

    Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare cutaneous malignancy. The most common presentation of EMPD is the vulva followed by perianal involvement. Most cases are localized to the dermis with treatment focused on surgery, topical treatment or radiotherapy. Recurrence is frequent despite therapies utilized. Metastatic extramammary Paget disease is uncommon and, as such, standard treatment guidelines do not exist. This study sought to evaluate the treatment regimens and outcomes of patients treated at a Mayo Clinic Center from 1998-2012. Cancer registry inquiry revealed 261 patients with report advanced Paget disease during these years. Ten cases of metastatic EPMD were identified with sufficient documentation for review. This review reveals support for utilizing localized radiation therapy for bulky disease sequentially with systemic chemotherapy consisting of carboplatin and paclitaxel or irinotecan. Further studies are necessary to define the optimal treatment regimen. PMID:27994832

  3. Using the accreditation journey to achieve global impact: UHN's experience at the Kuwait Cancer Control Center.

    PubMed

    Ladha-Waljee, Nafeesa; McAteer, Stephen; Nickerson, Veronica; Khalfan, Adil

    2014-01-01

    On January 1, 2011, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (PM) - University Health Network (UHN) began a five-year partnership agreement with the Kuwait Ministry of Health's Kuwait Cancer Control Center (KCCC) to enhance cancer care services. Over the course of the partnership, opportunities for improvement were identified by UHN experts in order to accelerate KCCC's development toward subspecialty cancer care. Many of these opportunities involved building a robust infrastructure to support foundational hospital operation processes and procedures. Harnessing UHN's own successes in accreditation, the partnership took advantage of the national accreditation mandate in Kuwait to initiate a quality program and drive clinical improvement at KCCC. This resulted in improved staff engagement, better awareness and alignment of administration with clinical management and a stronger patient safety culture. This article discusses the successes and lessons learned at KCCC that may provide insight to healthcare providers implementing Accreditation Canada International's accreditation framework in other countries and cultures.

  4. Establishing effective working relations with a potential user community - NASA Lewis Research Center experience

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Foster, P.

    1977-01-01

    The NASA Lewis Research Center has held a series of six major and unique technology utilization conferences which were major milestones in planned structured efforts to establish effective working relationships with specific technology user communities. These efforts were unique in that the activities undertaken prior to the conference were extensive, and effectively laid the groundwork for productive technology transfer following, and as a direct result of, the conferences. The effort leading to the conference was in each case tailored to the characteristics of the potential user community, however, the common factors comprise a basic framework applicable to similar endeavors. The process is essentially a planned sequence of steps that constitute a technical market survey and a marketing program for the development of beneficial applications of aerospace technology beyond the aerospace field.

  5. Experience Transitioning Models and Data at the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berger, Thomas

    2016-07-01

    The NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center has a long history of transitioning research data and models into operations and with the validation activities required. The first stage in this process involves demonstrating that the capability has sufficient value to customers to justify the cost needed to transition it and to run it continuously and reliably in operations. Once the overall value is demonstrated, a substantial effort is then required to develop the operational software from the research codes. The next stage is to implement and test the software and product generation on the operational computers. Finally, effort must be devoted to establishing long-term measures of performance, maintaining the software, and working with forecasters, customers, and researchers to improve over time the operational capabilities. This multi-stage process of identifying, transitioning, and improving operational space weather capabilities will be discussed using recent examples. Plans for future activities will also be described.

  6. Medical decision support: experience with implementing the Arden Syntax at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center.

    PubMed Central

    Jenders, R. A.; Hripcsak, G.; Sideli, R. V.; DuMouchel, W.; Zhang, H.; Cimino, J. J.; Johnson, S. B.; Sherman, E. H.; Clayton, P. D.

    1995-01-01

    We began implementation of a medical decision support system (MDSS) at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center (CPMC) using the Arden Syntax in 1992. The Clinical Event Monitor which executes the Medical Logic Modules (MLMs) runs on a mainframe computer. Data are stored in a relational database and accessed via PL/I programs known as Data Access Modules (DAMs). Currently we have 18 clinical, 12 research and 10 administrative MLMs. On average, the clinical MLMs generate 50357 simple interpretations of laboratory data and 1080 alerts each month. The number of alerts actually read varies by subject of the MLM from 32.4% to 73.5%. Most simple interpretations are not read at all. A significant problem of MLMs is maintenance, and changes in laboratory testing and message output can impair MLM execution significantly. We are now using relational database technology and coded MLM output to study the process outcome of our MDSS. PMID:8563259

  7. 56Fe capture cross section experiments at the RPI LINAC Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McDermott, Brian; Blain, Ezekiel; Thompson, Nicholas; Weltz, Adam; Youmans, Amanda; Danon, Yaron; Barry, Devin; Block, Robert; Daskalakis, Adam; Epping, Brian; Leinweber, Gregory; Rapp, Michael

    2017-09-01

    A new array of C6D6 detectors installed at the RPI LINAC Center has enabled the capability to measure neutron capture cross sections above the 847 keV inelastic scattering threshold of 56Fe through the use of digital post-processing filters and pulse-integral discriminators, without sacrificing the statistical quality of data at lower incident neutron energies where such filtering is unnecessary. The C6D6 detectors were used to perform time-of-flight capture cross section measurements on a sample 99.87% enriched iron-56. The total-energy method, combined with the pulse height weighting technique, were then applied to the raw data to determine the energy-dependent capture yield. Above the inelastic threshold, the data were analyzed with a pulse-integral filter to reveal the capture signal, extending the the full data set to 2 MeV.

  8. The 10-year Trend of Periprocedural Complication Following Carotid Artery Stenting; Single Center Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Hong, Jeong-Ho; Kang, Jihoon; Yeo, Min-Ju; Kim, Beom Joon; Jang, Min Uk; Bae, Hee-Joon; Kwon, O-Ki; Hwang, Gyo Jun; Oh, Chang Wan; Jung, Cheolkyu; Lee, Ji Sung; Han, Moon-Ku

    2015-04-15

    PurposeCarotid endarterectomy and stenting are used to treat carotid stenosis, with the volume of carotid artery procedures increasing over the past decade. We investigated the 10-year trend of periprocedural complications with an increasing procedure volume of carotid stenting at a single tertiary hospital.MethodsWe collected 416 consecutive cases (384 patients) of carotid artery stenting performed for either symptomatic (231 cases, 55.5 %) or asymptomatic (185 cases, 44.5 %) internal carotid artery stenosis at a single center. Periprocedural complication was defined as any stroke, myocardial infarction, or death. Procedure-related outcome included any dissection, hemodynamic event, or periprocedural complication.ResultsThe mean age was 68.8 years (82.8 % males; range of 20–89 years); 23.9 % were older than 75 years. Before the procedure, 99.3 and 56.0 % of patients received antiplatelet and lipid-lowering medication, respectively. The overall periprocedural complication rate was 3.6 % (1.6 and 5.2 % in the asymptomatic and symptomatic group, respectively). The composite outcome of any stroke or death was 3.4 %. Periprocedural complication and procedure-related outcome showed a decremental trend with increasing procedure volume, and this trend remained after adjusting for confounders.ConclusionsOur study suggests that carotid stenting at an experienced center might reduce the periprocedural complications. Our periprocedural complication rate of carotid artery stenting may be comparable to, or somewhat lower than, that reported in other clinical trials.

  9. Reuse of infected cardiac rhythm management devices in the same patients: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Ze, Feng; Li, Xuebin; Zhang, Ping; Zhang, Haicheng; Wang, Long; Li, Ding; Duan, Jiangbo; Guo, Fei; Yuan, Cuizhen; Guo, Jihong

    2014-08-01

    In developing countries, patients with a cardiac rhythm management device (CRMD) that has become infected cannot always afford a new device, and reuse of the infected CRMD may be appropriate. To evaluate the safety of this practice, a cohort of consecutive patients with reused pacemakers was compared with a control group. A single-center cohort of consecutive patients treated from 2007 to 2012 was analyzed in a two-way noninferiority study. Patients who had infected CRMDs removed at the Cardiovascular Center of The Peking University People's Hospital were enrolled, including those who had the same CRMD reimplanted and those who had a new CRMD implanted. This study included 212 patients, of who 99 (study group) had the same CRMD reimplanted, and 113 (control group) had a new CRMD implanted. During a mean follow-up period of 3.52 years (interquartile range: 2.1-4.7 years), 10 patients reached the primary end point of the study (infection, unexpected battery depletion, or device malfunction), including five (5%) in the study group and five (4.3%) in the control group. Recurrent infection occurred in three patients in the study group and two patients in the control group (3.0% vs 1.7%, relative risk: 1.29, 95% confidence interval: 0.62-2.29, P = 0.561). There were no cases of unexpected battery depletion in either group. Reuse of infected CRMDs in the same patients is noninferior to the implantation of new devices. In developing countries without full medical coverage, careful reuse of infected CRMDs can be considered. ©2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Retrospective Evaluation of Children with Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: A Single Center Experience of 20 Years.

    PubMed

    Ortac, Ragip; Diniz, Gulden; Yildirim, Hulya Tosun; Aktas, Safiye; Karaca, Irfan

    2016-01-01

    Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is an uncommon congenital abnormality of the lungs that generally presents during prenatal period or early childhood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate clinical and pathologic findings of the children with CPAMs who were referred to our center between 1992 and 2011. We reviewed 19 children with CPAM, who were diagnosed and treated at the Izmir Dr. Behçet Uz Children's Hospital between 1992 and 2011. All of them are alive and have been still followed up by our center. The study population consisted of 9 boys (47.4%) and 10 girls (52.6%) with a mean age of 3.26 (1 month - 13 years). Most newborns had respiratory distress, while recurrent pulmonary infections were detected in older children. Surgical treatment was performed on patients with subtypes I (n = 4; 21.1%), II (n = 8; 42.1%), III (n = 5; 26.3%), and IV (n = 2; 10.5%). In 13 cases (63.4%), lesions were located in the right lung and in almost all cases lesions were confined to one lobe. A one-month- old child with type I CPAM had multiple lesions involving two lobes and in only a newborn with type II CPAM, lesions were located bilaterally. There was no type 0 cases in this series. All cases were treated with lobectomy without any complication. In the present study, a realistic comprehensive picture of CPAM in a central children's hospital has been provided. In addition, we want to emphasize that complications and unnecessary medical treatment could be reduced with early surgery.

  11. Improved Operating Room Efficiency via Constraint Management: Experience of a Tertiary-Care Academic Medical Center.

    PubMed

    Kimbrough, Charles W; McMasters, Kelly M; Canary, Jeff; Jackson, Lisa; Farah, Ian; Boswell, Mark V; Kim, Daniel; Scoggins, Charles R

    2015-07-01

    Suboptimal operating room (OR) efficiency is a universal complaint among surgeons. Nonetheless, maximizing efficiency is critical to institutional success. Here, we report improvement achieved from low-cost, low-technology measures instituted within a tertiary-care academic medical center/Level I trauma center. Improvements in preadmission testing and OR scheduling, including appointing a senior nurse anesthetist to help direct OR use, were instituted in March 2012. A retrospective review of prospectively maintained OR case data was performed to evaluate time periods before and after program implementation, as well as to assess trends over time. Operating room performance metrics were compared using Mann-Whitney and chi-squared tests. Changes over time were analyzed using linear regression. Data including all surgical cases were available for a 36-month period; 10 months (6,581 cases) before program implementation and 26 months afterward (17,574 cases). Dramatic improvement was seen in first-case on-time starts, which increased from 39.3% to 83.8% (p < 0.0001). Additionally, the percent utilization of available OR time demonstrated a steady increase (p < 0.001). After an initial lag, case volume also improved, evident by an increase observed in the 12-month rolling average of cases per month (p < 0.001). The increase in case volume occurred during peak OR time (7 am to 5 pm), and did not result from adding cases after hours (5 pm to 11 pm). After many years of what seemed an insoluble problem, simple changes fostering collaboration among services, including active management of the OR schedule and transparent data, have resulted in substantial improvement in OR efficiency and case volume. Copyright © 2015 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Blood blister-like aneurysms: single center experience and systematic literature review.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez, Ana Marcos; Narata, Ana Paula; Yilmaz, Hasan; Bijlenga, Philippe; Radovanovic, Ivan; Schaller, Karl; Lovblad, Karl-Olof; Pereira, Vitor Mendes

    2014-01-01

    Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) are a controversial entity. They arise from non-branching sites on the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) and are suspected to originate from a dissection. Our aim is to describe the BBA cases seen in our center and to present a systematic review of the literature on BBAs. We analyzed the eleven cases of BBA admitted to our center from 2003 to 2012. We assessed the medical history, treatment modality (endovascular and/or surgery), complications and clinical outcome. The cohort included 8 women and 4 men with a mean age of 53.16 years. Treatment of the BBA consisted of stenting and coiling in 5 patients, stenting only in 4 patients, coiling and clipping in 1 patient, clipping only in 1 patient, and conservative treatment in 1 patient. A good outcome was found in 10 patients, as defined by a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) less than or equal to two at three months. A systematic review of the literature was performed, and 314 reported patients were found: 221 patients were treated with a primarily surgical approach, and 87 patients were treated with a primarily endovascular approach. A rescue or second treatment was required in 46 patients (21%). The overall estimated treatment morbidity rate was 17%, and the mortality rate was 15%. BBAs exhibit more aggressive behavior compared to saccular aneurysms, and more intra-operative complications occur with BBAs, independent of the treatment type offered. They are also significantly more likely to relapse and rebleed after treatment. Endovascular treatment offers a lower morbidity-mortality compared with surgical approaches. Multilayer flow-diverting stents appear to be a promising strategy.

  13. Intestinal Atresia: Experience at a Busy Center of North-West India

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Shilpi; Gupta, Rahul; Ghosh, Soumyodhriti; Gupta, Arun Kumar; Shukla, Arvind; Chaturvedi, Vinita; Mathur, Praveen

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the presentation, management, complications and outcome of intestinal atresia (IA) managed at our center over a period of 1 year. Materials and methods: Records of patients of IA admitted in our center from January 2015 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic data, antenatal history, presenting complaints, location (duodenal, jejunoileal, colonic) of atresia, surgery performed and peri-operative complications were noted. Results: Total 78 cases of IA were included in the analyses. Mean age and weight at the time of presentation was 5.8 days (range 0-50), and 1.9 kg (range 1.1-3.2), respectively. IA included duodenal atresia [DA (32)], jejuno-ileal atresia [JIA (40)], colonic atresia [CA (3)] and atresia at multiple-location (sites) in 3 cases. Ninety percent of patients underwent surgery within 5 to 20 hours of admission. All cases of DA except one underwent Kimura's diamond shaped duodeno-duodenostomy. One case with perforated duodenal web underwent duodenotomy with excision of web. Seven patients with JIA and CA required primary stoma, while rest were managed by excision of dilated proximal segment and primary anastomosis. Complications included anastomotic leak in 5, proximal perforation in 2, functional obstruction in 7, aspiration pneumonitis in 3, and wound infection in 6 patients. Mean hospital stay for survivors was 11 days. Overall survival was 63%. Conclusion: Late presentation, overcrowding in intensive care unit, septicemia, functional obstruction and anastomotic leak are the causes of poor outcome in our series. Early diagnosis, some modification in surgical technique, use of total parenteral nutrition and adequate investigations for other congenital anomalies may improve the outcome. PMID:27896159

  14. Systematic Review and Single-Center Experience for Endovascular Management of Visceral and Renal Artery Aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Kok, Hong Kuan; Asadi, Hamed; Sheehan, Mark; Given, Mark F; Lee, Michael J

    2016-11-01

    To report a systematic review of endovascular management of visceral and renal artery aneurysms (VRAA) and results at a tertiary referral center. A literature review was performed via a comprehensive electronic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, followed by retrospective analysis of all VRAAs treated at a tertiary referral center from January 1999 to December 2015. The systematic review included 22 studies published between 2005 and 2016 describing endovascular treatment of VRAA. In the systematic review cohort, 646 aneurysms (432 true, 151 false, 63 unclassified) were treated using endovascular methods with 93.2% technical success, 99.3% visceral preservation, 3.5% major complication (classified based on Society of Interventional Radiology criteria), 1.5% 30-day periprocedural mortality, and 4.6% reintervention rates. In the local cohort, 19 aneurysms (12 true, 7 false) were treated with 100% technical success, 94.7% visceral preservation, and 10.5% major complication rates. There was no periprocedural mortality. Over mean follow-up of 31.9 months (range, 2-170 months), there were 2 aneurysm reperfusions, which required no further treatment. Results incorporating data from the systematic review and local cohorts (665 aneurysms) showed 93.6% technical success, 99.1% visceral preservation, 3.7% major complication, 1.5% periprocedural mortality, and 4.4% reintervention rates. Endovascular treatment of VRAA is associated with excellent technical success and visceral preservation rates. Major complication and periprocedural mortality rates are comparatively low. A few VRAA (4.4%) required future reintervention suggesting that imaging follow-up is essential after initial treatment. Copyright © 2016 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. A regional poison center's experience with poisoning exposures occurring in schools.

    PubMed

    Perry, P A; Dean, B S; Krenzelok, E P

    1992-04-01

    The nature of and response to poisonings in the school setting has not been characterized. To define these problems a retrospective review of calls to a Regional Poison Information Center (RPIC) involving school exposures was done for the 1988-89 academic year. 362 cases were reported; 74% were reported by school nurses, 10% by other school employees, 10% by parents, 5% by health care facilities, and 1% by students themselves. Ingestions accounted for 45% of exposures, dermal 24%, ocular 19%, inhalation 7%, with the remainder being combinations of routes. Correct treatment prior to RPIC consultation occurred in only 40% of the cases. None developed major symptoms, 23% had minor and 10% had moderate symptoms. High school students accounted for the greatest number (20) of suicide gestures, while middle schools reported more cases of substance abuse. School nurses often were unaware of situations until several hours later. 61% of suicide gestures were referred to an HCF; 7 of these developed moderate symptoms. Exposures to chemicals in science or vo-tech classes accounted for 102 cases; 28% were referred to a HCF and 15% had moderate symptoms. There was often a delay in evaluation by the school nurse and initial decontamination was inadequate or absent. Parents were often instructed by school personnel to contact the RPIC for information and then relay it to the school. These delays could have resulted in greater toxicity. School nurses should be targeted for educational programs by poison centers, but teachers and other school employees must also be included since often they are the first at the scene. Students should be instructed to report exposures to a teacher immediately.

  16. Survival of patients with metastatic leiomyosarcoma: the MD Anderson Clinical Center for targeted therapy experience.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhijie; Shi, Naiyi; Naing, Aung; Janku, Filip; Subbiah, Vivek; Araujo, Dejka M; Patel, Shreyaskumar R; Ludwig, Joseph A; Ramondetta, Lois M; Levenback, Charles F; Ramirez, Pedro T; Piha-Paul, Sarina A; Hong, David; Karp, Daniel D; Tsimberidou, Apostolia M; Meric-Bernstam, Funda; Fu, Siqing

    2016-12-01

    Advanced stage leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is incurable with current systemic antitumor therapies. Therefore, there is clinical interest in exploring novel therapeutic regimens to treat LMS. We reviewed the medical records of 75 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed metastatic LMS, who had been referred to the Clinical Center for Targeted Therapy at MD Anderson Cancer Center. To lay the foundation for potential phase I trials for the treatment of advanced LMS, we analyzed tumor response and survival outcome data. The frequent hotspot gene aberrations that we observed were the TP53 mutation (65%) and RB1 loss/mutation (45%) detected by Sequenom or next-generation sequencing. Among patients treated with gene aberration-related phase I trial therapy, the median progression-free survival was 5.8 months and the median overall survival was 15.9 months, significantly better than in patients without therapy (1.9 months, P = 0.001; and 8.7 months, P = 0.013, respectively). Independent risk factors that predicted shorter overall survival included hemoglobin <10 g/dL, body mass index <30 kg/m(2) , serum albumin <3.5 g/dL, and neutrophil above upper limit of normal. The median survivals were 19.9, 7.6, and 0.9 months for patients with 0, 1 or 2, and ≥3 of the above risk factors, respectively (P < 0.001). A prognostic scoring system that included four independent risk factors might predict survival in patients with metastatic LMS who were treated in a phase I trial. Gene aberration-related therapies led to significantly better clinical benefits, supporting that further exploration with novel mechanism-driven therapeutic regimens is warranted.

  17. Diversity of Disorders Causing Neonatal Cholestasis – The Experience of a Tertiary Pediatric Center in Germany

    PubMed Central

    Hoerning, André; Raub, Simon; Dechêne, Alexander; Brosch, Michelle N.; Kathemann, Simone; Hoyer, Peter F.; Gerner, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objective: Rapidly establishing the cause of neonatal cholestasis is an urgent matter. The aim of this study was to report on the prevalence and mortality of the diverse disorders causing neonatal cholestasis in an academic center in Germany. Methods: Clinical chemistry and cause of disease were retrospectively analyzed in 82 infants (male n = 42, 51%) that had presented with neonatal cholestasis to a tertiary medical center from January 2009 to April 2013. Results: Altogether, 19 disorders causing neonatal cholestasis were identified. Biliary atresia was the most common diagnosis (41%), followed by idiopathic cases (13%), progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC, 10%), cholestasis in preterm infants (10%), α1AT deficiency, Alagille syndrome, portocaval shunts, mitochondriopathy, biliary sludge (all 2%), and others. Infants with biliary atresia were diagnosed with a mean age of 62 days, they underwent Kasai portoenterostomy ~66 days after birth. The majority of these children (~70%) received surgery within 10 weeks of age and 27% before 60 days. The 2-year survival with their native liver after Kasai procedure was 12%. The time span between Kasai surgery and liver transplantation was 176 ± 73 days. Six children (7%), of whom three patients had a syndromic and one a non-syndromic biliary atresia, died prior to liver transplantation. The pre- and post-transplant mortality rate for children with biliary atresia was ~12 and ~17%, respectively. Conclusion: Neonatal cholestasis is a severe threat associated with a high risk of complications in infancy and it therefore requires urgent investigation in order to initiate life saving therapy. Although in the last 20 years new causes such as the PFICs have been identified and newer diagnostic tools have been introduced into the clinical routine biliary atresia still represents the major cause. PMID:25003101

  18. Clinical results of Cochlear™ BIA300 in children: Experience in two tertiary referral centers.

    PubMed

    den Besten, Christine A; Harterink, Emilie; McDermott, Ann-Louise; Hol, Myrthe K S

    2015-12-01

    To evaluate clinical outcomes of the Cochlear™ BIA300 in the pediatric population. Historical cohort study. Two tertiary referral centers. All patients implanted with the BIA300 from November 2011 to January 2014 and 17 years or younger during surgery were included in this cohort study. Number of soft tissue reaction scores according to Holgers, local and systemic treatment of soft tissue reactions, revision surgeries and implant loss. Since introduction of the BIA300, 79 children have been implanted in both centers. During the mean follow-up of 11.7 months per implant, 15.7% of 115 implants received at least two local treatments for peri-abutment soft tissue reactions. Moreover, in 32 implants an adverse soft tissue reaction (Holgers 2 or higher) was noted at least once. In 28.7% of implants one or multiple revision surgeries were required. Implant loss occurred in 4 patients (3.5% of all implants), additionally, in five children the abutment had to be removed because of persistent soft tissue problems. The current study confirms good implant survival for these implants in pediatric patients. The number of adverse soft tissue reactions found in the current study resembles numbers reported on previous generation implants and abutments in children. However, for revision surgery (soft tissue revision and/or abutment change), an increase in frequency is noticed compared to reported results on previous generation implants and abutments, whether this is the result of the new implant or other factors cannot be concluded on the current series. The total aspect of the presented data are of importance in the decision making for a specific type of percutaneous bone anchored hearing implant. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. A modified fast-track program for pancreatic surgery: a prospective single-center experience.

    PubMed

    di Sebastiano, Pierluigi; Festa, Leonardina; De Bonis, Antonio; Ciuffreda, Andrea; Valvano, Maria Rosa; Andriulli, Angelo; di Mola, F Francesco

    2011-03-01

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of a fast-track protocol in a high-volume center for patients with pancreatic disorders. The concept of fast-track surgery allowing accelerated postoperative recovery is accepted in colorectal surgery, but efficacy data are only preliminary for patients undergoing major pancreatic surgery. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a modified fast-track protocol in a high-volume center for patients with pancreatic disorders. Between February 2005 and January 2010, 145 subjects had resective pancreatic surgery and were enrolled in the program. Essential features of the program were no preanaesthetic medication, upper and lower air-warming device, avoidance of excessive i.v. fluids perioperatively, effective control of pain, early reinstitution of oral feeding, and immediate mobilization and restoration of bowel function following surgery. Outcome measures were postoperative complications such as pancreatic fistula, delayed gastric emptying, biliary leak, intra-abdominal abscess, post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage, acute pancreatitis, wound infection, 30-day mortality, postoperative hospital stay, and readmission rates. On average, patients were discharged on postoperative day 10 (range 6-69), with a 30-day readmission rate of 6.2%. Percentage of patients with at least one complication was 38.6%. Pancreatic anastomotic leakage occurred in seven of 101 pancreatico-jejunostomies, and biliary leak in three of 109 biliary jejunostomies. Postoperative hemorrhage occurred in ten (6.9%) patients and wound infection in nine (6.2%) cases. In-hospital mortality was 2.7%. Fast-track parameters, such as normal food and first stool, correlated significantly with early discharge (<0.05). At multivariate analysis, lack of jaundice, and resumption of normal diet by the 5th postoperative day were independent factors of early discharge. Fast-track programs are feasible, easy, and also applicable for patients undergoing a major surgery such as

  20. High-pressure balloon dilation for male anterior urethral stricture: single-center experience*

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Shi-cheng; Wu, Hai-yang; Wang, Wei; Xu, Li-wei; Ding, Guo-qing; Zhang, Zhi-gen; Li, Gong-hui

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: We retrospectively reviewed the urethral stricture cases treated in our tertiary center, and assessed the safety and feasibility of the high-pressure balloon dilation (HPBD) technique for anterior urethral stricture. Methods: From January 2009 to December 2012, a total of 31 patients with anterior urethral strictures underwent HPBD at our center, while another 25 cases were treated by direct vision internal urethrotomy (DVIU). Patient demographics, stricture characteristics, surgical techniques, and operative outcomes were assessed and compared between the two groups. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was applied to evaluate the stricture-free rate for the two surgical techniques. Results: The operation time was much shorter for the HPBD procedure than for the DVIU ((13.19±2.68) min vs. (18.44±3.29) min, P<0.01). For the HPBD group, the major postoperative complications as urethral bleeding and urinary tract infection (UTI) were less frequently encountered than those in DVIU (urethral bleeding: 2/31 vs. 8/25, P=0.017; UTI: 1/31 vs. 6/25 P=0.037). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that there was no significant difference in stricture-free rate at 36 months between the two groups (P=0.21, hazard ratio (HR)=0.65, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.34 to 1.26). However, there was a significantly higher stricture-free survival in the HPBD group at 12 months (P=0.02, HR=0.35, 95% CI: 0.14 to 0.87), which indicated that the stricture recurrence could be delayed by using the HPBD technique. Conclusions: HPBD was effective and safe and it could be considered as an alternative treatment modality for anterior urethral stricture disease. PMID:27604864

  1. Ocular injuries from fireworks: the 11-year experience of a US level I trauma center.

    PubMed

    Chang, I T; Prendes, M A; Tarbet, K J; Amadi, A J; Chang, S-H; Shaftel, S S

    2016-10-01

    PurposeCharacterize ocular trauma and visual outcomes from firework injuries at a level I trauma center.MethodsRetrospective review of all firework injuries at Harborview Medical Center between 2003 and 2013.ResultsThree hundred and twenty-seven patients sustained firework injuries, of which 100 (31%) sustained ocular injuries. The average age of all patients who sustained fireworks injuries was 24.2 years, 89% were male and 54% of injuries occurred within 48 h of 4 July. Ocular injuries were most commonly caused by mortars (24%) and rockets (22%). Rockets were associated with four times the frequency of ocular injuries as compared with non-ocular injuries (P<0.001). Spectators were more likely to sustain ocular injuries than non-ocular injuries (P=0.001). The most common injuries sustained were corneal abrasions (67%), hyphemas (42%), eyelid injuries (39%), and ruptured globes (17%). Twenty-eight percent of patients with ocular injuries required surgical intervention. Ruptured globes occurred in 17% of patients, with the majority being complex corneoscleral lacerations. Fifty-eight percent of patients who sustained ruptured globes were left with no light perception in the affected eye. Average follow-up was 188 days. Average visual acuity significantly improved from logMAR 1.8±1.6 at presentation to logMAR 1.3±1.8 at last follow-up.ConclusionsFirework-related ocular trauma frequently results in vision-threatening pathology. Prompt referral to and treatment by ophthalmologists is critical. This study documents the dangers inherent in the personal use of fireworks and provides data that may help guide public policy to decrease the frequency of these devastating injuries.

  2. Mountain biking injuries requiring trauma center admission: a 10-year regional trauma system experience.

    PubMed

    Kim, Peter T W; Jangra, Dalbhir; Ritchie, Alec H; Lower, Mary Ellen; Kasic, Sharon; Brown, D Ross; Baldwin, Greg A; Simons, Richard K

    2006-02-01

    Mountain biking has become an increasingly popular recreational and competitive sport with increasingly recognized risks. The purpose of this study was to review a population based approach to serious injuries requiring trauma center admission related to mountain biking, identify trends and develop directions for related injury prevention programs. Three trauma centers in the Greater Vancouver area exclusively serve a major mountain bike park and the North Shore Mountains biking trails. The Trauma Registries and the patient charts were reviewed for mountain bike injuries from 1992 to 2002. The data were analyzed according to demographics, distribution, and severity of injuries, and need for operative intervention. Findings were reviewed with injury prevention experts and regional and national mountain-biking stakeholders to provide direction to injury prevention programs. A total of 1,037 patients were identified as having bicycling-related injuries. Of these, 399 patients sustained 1,092 injuries while mountain biking. There was a threefold increase in the incidence of mountain biking injuries over a 10-year period. Young males were most commonly affected. Orthopedic injuries were most common (46.5%) followed by head (12.2%), spine (12%), chest (10.3%), facial (10.2%), abdominal (5.4%), genitourinary (2.2%), and neck injuries (1%). High operative rate was observed: 38% of injuries and 66% of patients required surgery. One patient died from his injuries. Injury prevention programs were developed and successfully engaged the target population. Mountain biking is a growing cause of serious injuries. Young males are principally at risk and serious injuries result from intended activity and despite protective equipment. Injury prevention programs were developed to address these concerns.

  3. Single center experience of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in early Barrett's adenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Höbel, S; Dautel, P; Baumbach, R; Oldhafer, K-J; Stang, A; Feyerabend, B; Yahagi, N; Schrader, C; Faiss, S

    2015-06-01

    Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or radical surgical resection are the standard treatment options for patients with early Barrett's adenocarcinoma (EBAC). Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a new endoscopic technique, which allows--in contrast to EMR--endoscopic en-bloc resection of neoplastic lesions greater than 2 cm with complete histological evaluation of the resected specimen. In contrast to Western countries, Barrett's esophagus is less common in Asia indicating the low volume of published data of ESD in EBAC in Japanese series. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to describe the results of ESD in patients with EBAC performed in a German tertiary referral center. Between November 2009 and April 2014 ESDs were performed in 22 patients with histologically proven EBAC. Data were given for the en-bloc, the R0, the R0 en-bloc, and the curative resection rate as well as for the complication and the local recurrence rate. ESD was technically possible in all of the 22 patients. 20 of the resected EBAC were mucosal carcinomas, whereas in two patients the tumor showed submucosal invasion. The en-bloc, R0, R0 en-bloc, and curative resection rates were 95.5, 81.8, 81.8 %, and 77.3 %, resp. Complication rate was 27.3 % (perforation n = 1, bleeding n = 2, stenosis n = 3). In case of curative tumor resection, only one local tumor recurrence (5.9 %) occurred after a medium follow-up of 1.6 years. Despite the small number of patients and a relatively short follow-up, the present data underline the value of ESD, especially in case of curative resections in the definite and less invasive therapy of EBAC. Attention should be drawn toward subsquamous extension of EBAC requiring a sufficient safety margin as an obligate condition for curative R0 resections. Due to the required learning curve and the management of potential complications, ESD should be restricted to greater endoscopic centers.

  4. Laparoscopic Pancreatoduodenectomy in 50 Consecutive Patients with No Mortality: A Single-Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Machado, Marcel Autran C; Surjan, Rodrigo C; Basseres, Tiago; Silva, Izabella B; Makdissi, Fábio F

    2016-08-01

    Laparoscopic pancreatic surgery has gradually expanded to include pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). This study presents data regarding the efficacy of laparoscopic PD in a single center. This was a single-cohort, prospective observational study. From March 2012 to September 2015, 50 consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic PD using a five-trocar technique. Reconstruction of the digestive tract was performed with double jejunal loop technique whenever feasible. Patients with radiological signs of portal vein invasion were operated by open approach. Twenty-seven women and 23 men with a median age of 63 years (range 23-76) underwent laparoscopic PD. Five patients underwent total pancreatectomy. All, but 1 patient (previous bariatric operation), underwent pylorus-preserving resection. Reconstruction was performed with double jejunal loop in all cases except in 5 cases of total pancreatectomy. Conversion was required in 3 patients (6%) as a result of difficult dissection (two cases) and unsuspected portal vein invasion (1 patient). Median operative time was 420 minutes (range 360-660), and the 90-day mortality was nil. Pancreatic fistula occurred in 13 patients (26%). There was one grade C (reoperated), one grade B (percutaneous drainage), and all remaining were grade A (conservative treatment). Other complications included port site bleeding (n = 1), biliary fistula (n = 2), and delayed gastric emptying (n = 2). Mean hospital stay was 8.4 days (range 5-31). Laparoscopic PD is feasible and safe, but is technically demanding and may be reserved to highly skilled laparoscopic surgeons with proper training in high-volume centers. Isolated pancreatic anastomosis may be useful to decrease the severity of postoperative pancreatic fistulas. Therefore, it could be a good option in patients with a high risk for developing postoperative pancreatic, as well as by less-experienced surgeons.

  5. AYA-Myeloma: Real-World, Single-Center Experience Over Last 5 Years.

    PubMed

    Yanamandra, Uday; Saini, Neha; Chauhan, Pooja; Sharma, Tanya; Khadwal, Alka; Prakash, Gaurav; Varma, Neelam; Lad, Deepesh; Varma, Subhash; Malhotra, Pankaj

    2017-08-22

    Multiple myeloma (MM) is considered as a disease of the old with the reported median age of 60-70 years. The disease occurred a decade earlier in the Indian subcontinent. The literature on MM in adolescents and young adult (AYA) is limited. We studied the disease characteristics and outcomes of the AYA-MM in the real-world setting. It is a retrospective single-center study conducted at a tertiary care center from North India. Records of all consecutive patients with AYA-MM (15-39 years of age) who were managed from January 1, 2010, to December 30, 2015, were reviewed. Survival was assessed from the date of start of treatment to the last follow-up date or death due to any cause. A total of 415 patients managed for MM were included in the study. The frequency of the AYA-MM was 9.6% (40/415) of whom 5 patients were younger than 30 years. There was male preponderance with a median age of the patients being 38 years. The main presenting features were bone pain (55%), fatigue (45%), extramedullary plasmacytomas (20%), and infections (12%) and referral from the peripheral hospital as renal dysfunction (58%). On the evaluation of patients, hypercalcemia, renal impairment, anemia, and lytic lesions were seen in 24.32%, 30%, 52.5%, and 59.25% of patients, respectively. The majority had the high-risk disease (International Staging System [ISS]-III: 75%). Only 22.5% patients were transplanted. The 3-year median overall survival of the study population was 80.21%. AYA-MM patients have a higher prevalence of extramedullary disease and high-risk disease.

  6. Ocular injuries from fireworks: the 11-year experience of a US level I trauma center

    PubMed Central

    Chang, I T; Prendes, M A; Tarbet, K J; Amadi, A J; Chang, S-H; Shaftel, S S

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Characterize ocular trauma and visual outcomes from firework injuries at a level I trauma center. Methods Retrospective review of all firework injuries at Harborview Medical Center between 2003 and 2013. Results Three hundred and twenty-seven patients sustained firework injuries, of which 100 (31%) sustained ocular injuries. The average age of all patients who sustained fireworks injuries was 24.2 years, 89% were male and 54% of injuries occurred within 48 h of 4 July. Ocular injuries were most commonly caused by mortars (24%) and rockets (22%). Rockets were associated with four times the frequency of ocular injuries as compared with non-ocular injuries (P<0.001). Spectators were more likely to sustain ocular injuries than non-ocular injuries (P=0.001). The most common injuries sustained were corneal abrasions (67%), hyphemas (42%), eyelid injuries (39%), and ruptured globes (17%). Twenty-eight percent of patients with ocular injuries required surgical intervention. Ruptured globes occurred in 17% of patients, with the majority being complex corneoscleral lacerations. Fifty-eight percent of patients who sustained ruptured globes were left with no light perception in the affected eye. Average follow-up was 188 days. Average visual acuity significantly improved from logMAR 1.8±1.6 at presentation to logMAR 1.3±1.8 at last follow-up. Conclusions Firework-related ocular trauma frequently results in vision-threatening pathology. Prompt referral to and treatment by ophthalmologists is critical. This study documents the dangers inherent in the personal use of fireworks and provides data that may help guide public policy to decrease the frequency of these devastating injuries. PMID:27285323

  7. The benefits of cancer screening in kidney transplant recipients: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Kato, Taigo; Kakuta, Yoichi; Abe, Toyofumi; Yamanaka, Kazuaki; Imamura, Ryoichi; Okumi, Masayoshi; Ichimaru, Naotsugu; Takahara, Shiro; Nonomura, Norio

    2016-02-01

    The frequency of malignancy is increasing in kidney transplant recipients. Posttransplant malignancy (PTM) is a major cause of long-term graft survival inhibition. In this study, we evaluated the frequency and prognosis of PTM at our center and examined the efficacy of cancer screening. Between 1972 and 2013, 750 patients were followed-up at our center. Annual physical examinations and screenings were performed to detect PTM. We investigated the detail of two distinctive cancer groups: screening-detected cancers and symptom-detected cancers. Seventy-seven PTM were identified during the follow-up period. The mean age at the initial PTM detection was 43.6 ± 12.8 years. The mean interval from transplantation to cancer diagnosis was 134.5 ± 11.3 months. Among the 77 patients, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) was the most common cancer (19.5%, 15/77), followed by renal cell carcinoma (15.6%, 12/77). Of the cancer cases, 46.8% (36/77) were detected via screening. The most frequently screening-detected cancer was renal cell carcinoma of the native kidney and breast cancer (22.2%, 8/36). However, it was difficult to detect PTLD, urothelial carcinoma, and colorectal cancer via screening. Interestingly, Cox proportional regression analyses revealed nonscreened recipients to be a significant prognostic factor for PTM (P < 0.001). This study is the first to report that appropriate screening tests play a key role in early PTM diagnosis and lead to reduce the mortality rate in kidney transplant recipients. These findings support the provision of long-term appropriate screening for kidney transplant recipients.

  8. CardioWest (Jarvik) total artificial heart: a single-center experience with 42 patients.

    PubMed

    Roussel, Jean Christian; Sénage, Thomas; Baron, Olivier; Périgaud, Christian; Habash, Oussama; Rigal, Jean Christophe; Treilhaud, Michèle; Trochu, Jean Noel; Despins, Philippe; Duveau, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    When implanted in patients with biventricular failure, the CardioWest total artificial heart has asserted itself over time as a reliable bridge-to-transplant device that as yet is used by only a few international teams. The aim of this single-center retrospective study is to assess both the comorbidity and survival of patients awaiting heart transplants while receiving circulatory support with a CardioWest total artificial heart. From 1990 to December 2006, 42 patients received a CardioWest total artificial heart at our center. Mean age at the time of implantation was 45.7 +/- 9.5 years, and 40 patients (95%) were men. Idiopathic or dilated cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in 45.2% (n = 19) of the patients and ischemic cardiomyopathy in 42.8% (n = 18). Average body surface area was 1.9 +/- 0.22 m(2). Duration of support was 1 to 292 days (mean, 101 +/- 86 days). Twelve patients died (28.5%) while receiving device support, and 30 patients (71.5%) underwent transplantation. Actuarial survival rates for the transplanted patients were 90% (n = 25), 81% (n = 14), and 76% (n = 10) at 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. Causes of death during device support included multiorgan failure in 6 (50%), sepsis in 2, acute respiratory distress syndrome in 2, alveolar hemorrhage in 1, and other cause in 1. There were no device malfunctions that led to patient death. Adverse events included stroke in 3 patients (7%) and infections in 35 patients (85%) during support. The CardioWest total artificial heart is an excellent bridge-to-transplant device for patients with biventricular failure. Our study demonstrates excellent safety, reliability, and efficiency. Exceptional outcome after transplantation underlines its capacity to aid in end-organ recovery.

  9. Incidence of Atypical Femur Fractures in Cancer Patients: The MD Anderson Cancer Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Beatrice J; Sun, Ming; West, Dennis P; Guindani, Michele; Lin, Yan Heather; Lu, Huifang; Hu, Mimi; Barcenas, Carlos; Bird, Justin; Feng, Chun; Saraykar, Smita; Tripathy, Debasish; Hortobagyi, Gabriel N; Gagel, Robert; Murphy, William A

    2016-08-01

    Atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) are rare adverse events attributed to bisphosphonate (BP) use. Few cases of AFF in cancer have been described; the aim of this study is to identify the incidence and risk factors for AFF in a large cancer center. This retrospective study was conducted at the MD Anderson Cancer Center. The incidence rate of AFF among BP users was calculated from January 1, 2004 through December 31, 2013. The control group (n = 51) included 2 or 3 patients on BPs matched for age (≤1 year) and gender. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between clinical characteristics and AFF. Twenty-three AFF cases were identified radiographically among 10,587 BP users, the total BP exposure was 53,789 months (4482 years), and the incidence of AFF in BP users was 0.05 cases per 100,000 person-years. Meanwhile, among 300,553 patients who did not receive BPs there were 2 cases of AFF as compared with the 23 cases noted above. The odds ratio (OR) of having AFF in BP users was 355.58 times higher (95% CI, 84.1 to 1501.4, p < 0.0001) than the risk in non-BP users. The OR of having AFF in alendronate users was 5.54 times greater (OR 5.54 [95% CI, 1.60 to 19.112, p = 0.007]) than the odds of having AFF among other BP users. Patients who were on zoledronic acid (ZOL) had smaller odds of developing AFF compared with other BP users in this matched case control sample. AFFs are rare, serious adverse events that occur in patients with cancer who receive BP therapy. Patients with cancer who receive BPs for prior osteoporosis therapy or for metastatic cancer are at higher risk of AFF. © 2016 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

  10. American College of Surgeons Level I trauma centers outcomes do not correlate with patients' perception of hospital experience.

    PubMed

    Joseph, Bellal; Azim, Asad; O'Keeffe, Terence; Ibraheem, Kareem; Kulvatunyou, Narong; Tang, Andrew; Vercruysse, Gary; Friese, Randall; Latifi, Rifat; Rhee, Peter

    2017-04-01

    The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey is a data collection methodology for measuring a patient's perception of his/her hospital experience, and it has been selected by the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services as the validated and transparent national survey tool with publicly available results. Since 2012, hospital reimbursements rates have been linked to HCAHPS data based on patient satisfaction scores. The aim of this study was, therefore, to assess whether HCAHPS scores of Level I trauma centers correlate with actual hospital performance. Retrospective analysis of the latest publicly available HCAHPS data (2014-2015) was performed. American College of Surgeons (ACS) verified Level I trauma centers for each state were identified from the ACS registry and then the following data points were collected for each hospital: HCAHPS linear mean scores regarding cleanliness of the hospital, doctor and nurse communication with the patient, staff responsiveness, pain management, overall hospital rating, and patient willingness to recommend the hospital. Our outcome measure were serious complication scores, failure-to-rescue (FTR) scores and readmission-after-discharge scores. Spearman correlation analysis was performed. A total of 119 ACS verified Level I trauma centers across 46 states were included. The median [IQR] overall hospital rating score for Level I trauma centers was 89 (87-90). The mean ± SD score for serious complication was 0.96 ± 0.266, FTR was 123.06 ± 22.5, and readmission after discharge was 15.71 ± 1.07. The Spearman correlation analysis showed that overall HCAHP-based hospital rating scores did not correlate with serious complications (correlation coefficient = 0.14 p = 0.125), FTR (correlation coefficient = -0.15 p = 0.073), or readmission after discharge (correlation coefficient = -0.18 p = 0.053). The findings of our study suggest that no correlation exists between HCAHPS patient satisfaction

  11. Middle ear adenomatous neuroendocrine tumors: a 25-year experience at MD Anderson Cancer Center.

    PubMed

    Bell, Diana; El-Naggar, Adel K; Gidley, Paul W

    2017-05-26

    Neuroendocrine tumors are extremely rare in the middle ear. We reviewed our institutional experience with middle ear adenomatous neuroendocrine tumors (MEANTs). We searched our institution's pathology files to identify patients treated from 1990 to 2015 who had lesions classified as middle ear adenomas, adenomatous tumors, adenomatous tumors with neuroendocrine differentiation, carcinoid tumors of the middle ear, low-grade neuroendocrine tumors of the middle ear, and neuroendocrine carcinomas of the middle ear and identified 14 such patients for whom follow-up information was available. Herein, we review the pathology and differential diagnosis of these patients' tumors and discuss the management and follow-up of these patients. Our report adds to the series cases of MEANTs with recurrences, lymph node involvement, distant metastases, and tumor-related deaths. Our experience suggests that, although these tumors have long been considered to be low-aggression neoplasms, long-term follow-up studies to ascertain this supposed benignity are warranted.

  12. Anticipating seizure: pre-reflective experience at the center of neuro-phenomenology.

    PubMed

    Petitmengin, Claire; Navarro, Vincent; Quyen, Michel Le Van

    2007-09-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show through the concrete example of epileptic seizure anticipation how neuro-dynamic analysis (using new mathematical tools to detect the dynamic structure of the neuro-electric activity of the brain) and "pheno-dynamic" analysis (using new interview techniques to detect the pre-reflective dynamic micro-structure of the corresponding subjective experience) may guide and determine each other. We will show that this dynamic approach to epileptic seizure makes it possible to consolidate the foundations of a cognitive non pharmacological therapy of epilepsy. We will also show through this example how the neuro-phenomenological co-determination could shed new light on the difficult problem of the "gap" which separates subjective experience from neurophysiological activity.

  13. [Diagnosis and treatment of pediatric subglottic stenosis: experience in a tertiary care center].

    PubMed

    Botto, Hugo Alberto; Pérez, Cinthia Giselle; Cocciaglia, Alejandro; Nieto, Mary; Rodríguez, Hugo Aníbal

    2015-08-01

    Subglottic stenosis is among the most common causes of airway obstruction in children, 90% of which resulting from endotracheal intubation. The diagnosis is based on the patient's clinical, radiologic evaluation, flexible laryngoscopy and rigid airway endoscopy under general anesthesia. It must be suspected in children with respiratory distress after extubation. The therapeutic approach depends on the severity of the subglottic stenosis and the patient's symptoms. We describe our experience with the subglottic stenosis etiologies, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of patients with this condition.

  14. Mass storage system experiences and future needs at the National Center for Atmospheric Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Olear, Bernard T.

    1992-01-01

    This presentation is designed to relate some of the experiences of the Scientific Computing Division at NCAR dealing with the 'data problem'. A brief history and a development of some basic Mass Storage System (MSS) principles are given. An attempt is made to show how these principles apply to the integration of various components into NCAR's MSS. There is discussion of future MSS needs for future computing environments.

  15. The Manuel Lujan, Jr. Neutron Scattering Center, LANSCE experiment reports: 1990 Run Cycle

    SciTech Connect

    DiStravolo, M.A.

    1991-10-01

    This year was the third in which LANSCE ran a formal user program. A call for proposals was issued before the scheduled run cycles, and experiment proposals were submitted by scientists from universities, industry, and other research facilities around the world. An external program advisory committee, which LANSCE shares with the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS), Argonne National Laboratory examined the proposals and made recommendations. At LANSCE, neutrons are produced by spallation when a pulsed, 800-MeV proton beam impinges on a tungsten target. The proton pulses are provided by the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) accelerator and an associated Proton Storage Ring (PSR), which can alter the intensity, time structure, and repetition rate of the pulses. The LAMPF protons of Line D are shared between the LANSCE target and the Weapons Neutron Research facility, which results in LANSCE spectrometers being available to external users for unclassified research about 80% of each six-month LAMPF run cycle. Measurements of interest to the Los Alamos National Laboratory may also be performed and may occupy up to an additional 20% of the available beam time. These experiments are reviewed by an internal program advisory committee. One hundred thirty-four proposals were submitted for unclassified research and twelve proposals for research of a programmatic nature to the Laboratory. Our definition of beam availability is when the proton current from the PSR exceeds 50% of the planned value. The PSR ran at 65{mu}A current (average) at 20 Hz for most of 1990. All of the scheduled experiments were performed and experiments in support of the LANSCE research program were accomplished during the discretionary periods.

  16. Evolution in the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis: experience from a single tertiary care center

    PubMed Central

    Yurci, Alper; Stevens, Tyler; Shah, Shetal N; Law, Ryan E; Walsh, Matthew R; Yerian, Lisa; Liu, Xiuli

    2013-01-01

    Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a recently characterized disease with specific clinical, radiographic, and histological features. These diagnostic features have been codified in the recently revised HISORt criteria. The aim of this study was to determine how the recognition and management of AIP has evolved at our center since the publication of the HISORt criteria in 2006. Methods: We conducted a historical cohort study consisting of patients with AIP based on the revised HISORt criteria seen at our tertiary care center since 1990. Cases were identified from pathology, laboratory, and pancreas clinic databases. The medical records were reviewed to ascertain demographic and clinical characteristics, radiologic and laboratory results, and patient outcomes. When available, prior images and pathology slides were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical outcomes of the patients were assessed following surgical or medical treatment, and compared based on the calendar year of presentation (before or after 2006). Results: Forty-seven cases were identified based on the revised HISORt criteria. Of these, 22 were evaluated before and 25 after January 1, 2006. In the early cohort, the diagnosis was frequently missed, including 15 patients that underwent surgical resections. None from the early cohort had a serum IgG4 drawn or mention of possible AIP in the imaging reports. When histology was obtained, the surgical pathologist did not perform IgG4 or Movat stain to allow a histological diagnosis of AIP. Several patients developed diabetes (n=3), calcific pancreatitis with exocrine insufficiency (n=3), proximal biliary strictures (n=7), and pancreatic cancer (n=1) during follow-up. In contrast, patients in the late cohort were less likely to undergo a surgical resection that the early cohort (36% vs. 68%, p=0.042). They were more likely to have a serum IgG4 drawn (80% vs. 0%) and to undergo a corticosteroid trial (44% vs. 0%, p=0.0003). 10/11 patients (92%) who

  17. Circumcision with Glubran® 2 in children: experience of Italian Center

    PubMed Central

    Cerchia, Elisa; Molinaro, Francesco; Bulotta, Anna Lavinia; Ferrara, Francesco; Bindi, Edoardo; Messina, Mario

    2016-01-01

    Background Circumcision is one of the most common surgical procedures in the world. Despite it is known its wide prevalence for religious and medical reasons in children, it remains a controversial practice in paediatric age. To date, there is no described the gold standard technique to circumcise paediatric patients. We started to use glue for circumcision about 2 years ago. We designed this prospective study with the aim to compare two surgical techniques, which were used in our hospital to perform circumcision in children. The implication for practice was the understanding if there were differences between these approaches related to patient’s and parents benefits to manage this condition and benefits for surgeon and hospital in term of saving money and time. Methods This is a randomized, single-blind one-center study. It was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Surgery of Siena. Data were collected between March 2011 and December 2012. Study’s population involved all patients who required circumcision. Two randomizes groups: group one which involved patients who underwent circumcision using sutures and group two, which involved patients who underwent circumcision using surgical glue (Glubran® 2). Two exclusion criteria were used: the redo-circumcision and the allergy or hyper-sensibility to cyanoacrylate (main component of glue). Results We report 99 patients who underwent circumcision with Glubran® 2 in comparison with a group of children circumcised with sutures (vycril rapide). We measured three outcomes (operating time, postoperative pain and assessment of cosmetic), which, even if not all statistically significant, allowed us to draw any conclusions about the use of glue in circumcision. Conclusions Traditional circumcision is performed using a standard sleeve technique with sutures for the approximation of the skin edges. However, since some years a tissue adhesive as N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) (Glubran® 2) is used in many centers to

  18. Contrast ultrasound in hepatocellular carcinoma at a tertiary liver center: First Indian experience.

    PubMed

    Laroia, Shalini Thapar; Bawa, Simranjeet Singh; Jain, Deepak; Mukund, Amar; Sarin, Shiv

    2013-06-28

    To assess the role of contrast enhanced ultrasonography in evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at the first Indian tertiary liver center. Retrospective analysis of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) examinations over 24 mo for diagnosis, surveillance, characterization and follow up of 50 patients in the context of HCC was performed. The source and indication of referrals, change in referral rate, accuracy and usefulness of CEUS in a tertiary liver center equipped with a 64 slice dual energy computer tomography (CT) and 3 tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were studied. Sonovue (BR1, Bracco, Italy, a second generation contrast agent) was used for contrast US studies. Contrast enhanced CT/MRI or both were performed in all patients. The findings were taken as a baseline reference and correlation was done with respect to contrast US. Contrast enhanced MRI was performed using hepatocyte specific gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA). Iomeron (400 mg; w/v) was used for dynamic CT examinations. About 20 (40%) of the examinations were referred from clinicians for characterization of a mass from previous imaging. About 15 (30%) were performed for surveillance in chronic liver disease; 5 (10%) examinations were performed for monitoring lesions after radiofrequency ablation (RFA); 3 (6%) were post trans-arterial chemo-embolization (TACE) assessments and 3 (6%) were patients with h/o iodinated contrast allergy. About 2 (4%) were performed on hemodynamically unstable patients in the intensive care with raised alpha fetoprotein and 2 (4%) patients were claustrophobic. The number of patients referred from clinicians steadily increased from 12 in the first 12 mo of the study to 38 in the last 12 mo. CEUS was able to diagnose 88% of positive cases of HCC as per reference standards. In the surveillance group, specificity was 53.3% vs 100% by CT/MRI. Post RFA and TACE specificity of lesion characterization by CEUS was 100% in single/large mass assessment, similar to CT

  19. The end-of-life experiences of 9/11 civilians: death and dying in the World Trade Center.

    PubMed

    Rosenthal, M Sara

    2013-01-01

    This bioethics analysis of trapped civilians in the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001, is based on a review of materials in the public domain. Death and dying experiences are divided into three major groups: sudden death, of which there was virtually no suffering or foreknowledge; deaths in which there was a maximum of 102 minutes of suffering; and death by falling or jumping, in which an autonomous decision may have been exercised as a palliative approach. A content analysis of publicly available records of this event reveals many types of end-of-life decisions were being made within the 102-minute time frame from aircraft impact to collapse. Many WTC occupants experienced intensified suffering directly consequent to unprepared emergency dispatchers and inaccurate instructions. Truthtelling and appropriate end-of-life dialogues could have reduced loss of life, suffering, and led to qualitatively improved dying experiences.

  20. The incidence and risk factors for retained placenta after vaginal delivery - a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Ashwal, Eran; Melamed, Nir; Hiersch, Liran; Wiznitzer, Arnon; Yogev, Yariv; Peled, Yoav

    2014-12-01

    We aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors for retained placenta immediately after vaginal delivery in a single, university-affiliated tertiary center. A case-control study. Women who delivered vaginally and diagnosed with suspected retained placenta were compared to control group of women with spontaneous vaginal delivery with spontaneous non-complicated placental separation between the years 2007 and 2012. Eligibility was limited to singleton fetuses in vertex presentation with no history of more than one cesarean section, stillbirth or major fetal anomaly. Overall, 33,925 women delivered vaginally, of them, 491 (1.4%) underwent revision of uterine cavity due to suspected retained placenta. Women with retained placenta were characterized by a higher rate of previous cesarean section (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.23-2.36), previous abortions, lower parity (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.68-0.91), lower gestational age at delivery. Hypertensive disorders, oligohydramnios and labor and delivery interventions as induction of labor (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.30-2.59), neuro-axial analgesia (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.27-2.00) and vacuum delivery (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.48-2.41) were independently associated with uterine revision for retained placenta. Risk factors for manual revision due to retained placenta can be recognized. This data should be taken into consideration in the assessment of women immediately after delivery.

  1. High-fat diets and seizure control in myoclonic-astatic epilepsy: a single center's experience.

    PubMed

    Simard-Tremblay, Elisabeth; Berry, Patricia; Owens, Aaron; Cook, William Byron; Sittner, Haley R; Mazzanti, Marta; Huber, Jennifer; Warner, Molly; Shurtleff, Hillary; Saneto, Russell P

    2015-02-01

    To determine the efficacy of the Modified Atkins Diet (MAD) and Ketogenic Diet (KD) in seizure control within a population of myoclonic-astatic epilepsy (MAE) patients. This was a retrospective, single center study evaluating the seizure control by high fat diets. Seizure diaries kept by the parents performed seizure counts. All patients met the clinical criteria for MAE. Nine patients met the clinical criteria. We found that both the MAD and KD were efficacious in complete seizure control and allowed other medications to be stopped in seven patients. Two patients had greater than 90% seizure control without medications, one on the KD and the other on the MAD. Seizure freedom has ranged from 13 to 36 months, and during this time four patients have been fully weaned off of diet management. One patient was found to have a mutation in SLC2A1. Our results suggest that strictly defined MAE patients respond to the MAD with prolonged seizure control. Some patients may require the KD for seizure freedom, suggesting a common pathway of increased requirement for fats. Once controlled, those fully responsive to the Diet(s) could be weaned off traditional seizure medications and in many, subsequently off the MAD or KD. Copyright © 2014 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Is one head and neck immobilization system as good as another? One center's experience

    SciTech Connect

    Lord, Leah Bapp; May, Sharon; Bailey, Michael; Smith, Leigh

    2003-03-31

    The William Buckland Radiotherapy Center has used 2 different immobilization systems for patients requiring radiotherapy to the head-and-neck region. A polycarbonate mask was manufactured for radical treatments and a thermoplastic mask for palliative treatments. This study evaluated field placement accuracy, staff opinion, and production costs of both systems. The manual matching program of Varian PortalVision Electronic Portal Imaging (EPI) System was used to assess field placement accuracy on a daily basis. Radiation therapists (RTs) were surveyed before and after the study to determine their opinions of each system. Production time and required materials were recorded to assess cost. Nineteen patients from each system had daily EPI results compiled with no statistically significant difference observed in field placement accuracy. The thermoplastic system was found to be more cost efficient due to a combination of the reduced production time and reuseability of the masks. User acceptability of the thermoplastic system has increased so that it is now the preferred system. In conclusion, the thermoplastic system is a viable alternative to the polycarbonate system in terms of treatment accuracy and cost. It is recommended that the thermoplastic system be used for all radical and palliative treatments. In addition, RTs prefer the thermoplastic system.

  3. Experiences with a prototype tracking and verification system implemented within an imaging center.

    PubMed

    Guo, Bing; Documet, Jorge; Lee, Jasper; Liu, Brent; King, Nelson; Shrestha, Rasu; Wang, Kevin; Huang, H K; Grant, Edward G

    2007-03-01

    Most health care facilities currently struggle with protecting medical data privacy, misidentification of patients, and long patient waiting times. This article demonstrates a novel system for a clinical environment using wireless tracking and facial biometric technologies to automatically monitor and identify staff and patients to address these problems. The design of the location tracking and verification system (LTVS) was based on a workflow study which was performed to observe the physical location and movement of patient and staff at the Healthcare Consultation Center II (HCC II) running hospital information systems, radiology information systems, picture archive and communication systems, and a voice recognition system. Based on the results from this workflow study, the LTVS was designed using a wireless real-time location system and a facial biometric system integrated with the radiology information system. The LTVS was tested for its functionality in a laboratory environment, then evaluated at HCC II. Experimental results in the laboratory and clinical environments demonstrated that patient and staff real-time location information and identity verification can be obtained from LTVS. Warning messages can immediately be sent to alert staff when patient's waiting time is over a predefined limit, and unauthorized access to a security area can be audited. Additionally, patient misidentification can be prevented during the course of examinations. The system enabled health care providers to streamline the patient workflow, protect against erroneous examinations and create a security zone to prevent, and audit unauthorized access to patient health care data required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act mandate.

  4. The pregnancy rate and live birth rate after kidney transplantation: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Fontana, I; Santori, G; Fazio, F; Valente, U

    2012-09-01

    Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Kidney transplantation recipients live longer and have better quality of life than patients on dialysis. Hypothalamic gonadal dysfunction in females who have ESRD may be reversed within the first few months after kidney transplantation, such as the ability to have children. Despite thousands of successful pregnancies in transplantation recipients, there is limited information about it. In this study, we evaluated the pregnancy rates and live birth rates in women (n = 133) who underwent kidney transplantation in our center from 1983 to 2010. Recipients of a second kidney transplantation and recipients of multiorgan transplantations were excluded. We observed 33 pregnancies with 11 live births (33.3%), 12 spontaneous abortions (36.36%), and 10 therapeutic abortions (30.3%). The pregnancy rate was 18%. The live birth rate was 33.3%. Therapeutic abortions were 36.3%, and the pregnancies resulting in fetal loss were 30.3%. The pregnancies were identified in 32 women. The majority of women (n = 32; 96.9%) had a single pregnancy, whereas 1 woman (3.1%) had two pregnancies. In our series, the pregnancy rates for kidney transplantation recipients were markedly lower and decreased more rapidly than those reported in the general population.

  5. Sociodemographic Parameters of Esophageal Cancer in Northwest India: A Regional Cancer Center Experience of 10 Years

    PubMed Central

    Kapoor, Akhil; Kumar, Vanita; Singhal, Mukesh Kumar; Nirban, Raj Kumar; Beniwal, Surender Kumar; Kumar, Harvindra Singh

    2015-01-01

    Background: Despite various advances in the treatment of Esophageal Cancer (EC), being one of the least responsive tumors to cancer therapy, the overall prognosis remains poor. Therefore, it is significant to understand various sociodemographic factors associated with EC to find out various schemes for primary prevention of the disease. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of medical records of the EC patients registered in the regional cancer center of northwest India from January 2003 to December 2012. The site of the disease and the histology were also recorded in addition to the various sociodemographic parameters. Results: Out of 55,742 patients registered in our hospital; 3,667 were diagnosed to have EC. Male:female ratio was 1.15:1. The mean age was 54.6 ± 11.74 years; 66.15% of the patients were illiterate and 48.6% belonged to the low socioeconomic status. Smoking and alcohol consumption were identified as risk factors in 48 and 25.6% of the patients, respectively. Conclusions: The etiology in majority of the patients is linked to tobacco and alcohol, thus, modification of life style with limiting the use of addictions may be an effective strategy in the prevention of this dreaded and mostly incurable disease. PMID:26435600

  6. Sentinel node biopsy for early-stage oral cavity cancer: the VU University Medical Center experience.

    PubMed

    Den Toom, Inne J; Heuveling, Derrek A; Flach, Géke B; van Weert, Stijn; Karagozoglu, K Hakki; van Schie, Annelies; Bloemena, Elisabeth; Leemans, C René; de Bree, Remco

    2015-04-01

    Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) in head and neck cancer is recently introduced as the staging technique of oral squamous cell carcinoma. We report the results of SNB in patients diagnosed with a T1-T2 oral squamous cell carcinoma and clinically negative (N0) neck in a single center. A retrospective analysis of 90 previously untreated patients who underwent SNB between 2007 and 2012 was performed. The SNB procedure consisted of preoperatively performed lymphoscintigraphy, intraoperative detection using blue dye, and gamma probe guidance and histopathologic examination including step-serial sectioning (SSS) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. A positive SNB was followed by neck dissection, whereas regular follow-up with ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was done in case of a negative SNB. The lymphoscintigraphic identification rate was 98% (88 of 90 patients) and the surgical detection rate was 99% (87 of 88 patients). The upstaging rate was 30%. Sensitivity of SNB was 93% and the negative predictive value was 97%. The median follow-up was 18 months (range, 2-62 months). Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) for SNB negative were 100% and 84% and for SNB positive patients 73% and 88%, respectively. SNB is a reliable diagnostic staging technique for the clinically negative neck in patients with early-stage (T1-T2, cN0) oral squamous cell carcinoma. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Family Centered Approach in Primary Health Care: Experience from an Urban Area of Mangalore, India

    PubMed Central

    Majra, J. P.; Akshaya, K. M.; Qadiri, Ghulam Jeelani

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. “Health for All” still eludes public health experts despite many approaches to prevent disease and promote health among urban poor. Several key illness factors lie beyond the conventional healthcare boundaries. Objective. To examine the effectiveness of family centered approach (FCA) in addressing health and related issues in an urban area of Mangalore, India. Method. A longitudinal study was conducted in Bengre, an outreach centre of Mangalore from June 2011 to November 2013. Family folders were created with pertinent details. Demand generation and health education activities were conducted through two female community health link workers. An FCA package was implemented by medical and nursing interns, under supervision, to address the priority issues. Effect was assessed by comparing their practices and service utilization before and after the study. Results. About 809 families participated in this study. Social, cultural, and religious factors were responsible for viciousness of malaria and maternal and child health issues. FCA improved their perceptions and practices towards health and related issues. Significant (P < 0.05) and sustained hike in service utilization was evident. Conclusion. FCA exposes key illness factors beyond the conventional care, eases need based healthcare implementation, and provides feasible and enduring solutions. Community involvement makes it more practicable. PMID:25695098

  8. Prognostic factors and treatment results of pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma: A single center experience.

    PubMed

    Büyükkapu-Bay, Sema; Çorapçıoğlu, Funda; Aksu, Görkem; Anık, Yonca; Demir, Hakan; Erçin, Cengiz

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the demographic, clinic data, prognostic factors and treatment/follow-up results of children who were diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma and followed in our center of Pediatric Oncology, Kocaeli University Medical Faculty, Kocaeli, Turkey, for 10 years. This retrospective study evaluated 41 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma who were younger than 18 years-old. All patients were treated with risked adapted ABVD (Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vincristine, Dacarbazine) chemotherapy and also received involved field radiotherapy. Thirty-two patients (78%) were males and 9 (22%) were females, with a mean age of 10.7±4.0 years. The histopathological diagnosis was mixed cellular type in 51.2% of the patients. B symptoms (unexplained fever, unexplained weight loss, drenching night sweats) were present in 53.7% of the patients and 36.6% of the patients were at advanced stage at the time of the diagnosis. The 3-year overall and event-free survival rates were 88% and 5-year overall and event-free survival rates were 88%, 78%. Age, stage, treatment risk groups, presence of B symptoms and hematological parameters had no significant effect on overall and event-free survival in univariate analysis while bulky disease was the only significant factor on overall survival. Our treatment policy was succesful regarding the similar survival rates in the treatment risk groups, however novel treatment strategies adopting the early response with the reduction of adverse effects are planned in the near future.

  9. Costs of hemodialysis and kidney transplantation in Sudan: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Elsharif, Mohamed Elhafiz; Elsharif, Elham Gariballa; Gadour, Waheeb Hassan

    2010-10-01

    INTRODUCTION. End-stage renal disease is a serious illness with major consequences in both health and healthcare expenditures. The growing number of patients with end-stage renal disease in developing countries will consume a greater proportion of healthcare budget. We aimed to assess the costs of hemodialysis and kidney transplantation in a renal care center in Sudan. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the costs of kidney transplantation and compare those with the costs of hemodialysis per year. We enrolled 78 patients on regular hemodialysis for at least 2 years and 33 kidney transplant patients on regular follow-up at Gezira Hospital for Renal Diseases and Surgery in Sudan. RESULTS. The annual cost of hemodialysis was found to be US $ 6847.00. The total cost of the first year after transplantation was US $ 14 825.04 and the cost of kidney transplantation after the first year was US $ 10 651.00. The total hospitalization days and absence from work were less in the transplant group. Conclusions. Hemodialysis in Sudan is less expensive than transplantation.

  10. Robot-assisted microwave thermoablation of liver tumors: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Beyer, L P; Pregler, B; Niessen, C; Dollinger, M; Graf, B M; Müller, M; Schlitt, H J; Stroszczynski, C; Wiggermann, P

    2016-02-01

    To evaluate and compare the needle placement accuracy, patient dose, procedural time, complication rate and ablation success of microwave thermoablation using a novel robotic guidance approach and a manual approach. We performed a retrospective single-center evaluation of 64 microwave thermoablations of liver tumors in 46 patients (10 female, 36 male, mean age 66 years) between June 2014 and February 2015. Thirty ablations were carried out with manual guidance, while 34 ablations were performed using robotic guidance. A 6-week follow-up (ultrasound, computed tomography and MRI) was performed on all patients. The total procedure time and dose-length product were significantly reduced under robotic guidance (18.3 vs. 21.7 min, [Formula: see text]; 2216 vs. 2881 mGy[Formula: see text]cm, [Formula: see text]). The position of the percutaneous needle was more accurate using robotic guidance (needle deviation 1.6 vs. 3.3 mm, [Formula: see text]). There was no significant difference between both groups regarding the complication rate and the ablation success. Robotic assistance for liver tumor ablation reduces patient dose and allows for fast positioning of the microwave applicator with high accuracy. The complication rate and ablation success of percutaneous microwave thermoablation of malignant liver tumors using either CT fluoroscopy or robotic guidance for needle positioning showed no significant differences in the 6-week follow-up.

  11. Decrease in the Prevalence of Pancreatitis Associated with Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Experience at a Tertiary Referral Center.

    PubMed

    Janka-Zires, Marcela; Hernández-Calleros, Jorge; Gómez-Pérez, Francisco Javier; Uscanga-Domínguez, Luis Federico; Pelaez-Luna, Mario César; Almeda-Valdés, Paloma

    2015-01-01

    Hypercalcemia is a rare but well recognized cause of acute and chronic pancreatitis. Hypercalcemia-related pancreatitis is mainly caused by primary hyperparathyroidism. The prevalence of pancreatitis in hyperparathyroidism varies worldwide and additional disease-modifying factors may play a role in its development. In 1988 the prevalence of pancreatitis secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán (INCMNSZ), a referral center in Mexico City, was 12.1% (95% CI: 6.7-21). To describe the current prevalence of pancreatitis secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism at the INCMNSZ. We reviewed 385 cases of primary hyperparathyroidism seen at the hospital between 1987 and 2012. 26 cases with acute or chronic pancreatitis associated with primary hyperparathyroidism were documented, with a prevalence of 6.7% (95% CI: 4.6-9.7), which was lower than the 12.1% previously reported. In the present study, 20% had a history of alcohol consumption, 10% of gallstones, and 20% of ureteral calculi, compared with the previously reported 32.0, 34.6, and 40.0%, respectively. The average calcium levels were 13.1 and 13.8 mg/dl in the previous and current series, respectively. We found a decrease in the prevalence of pancreatitis associated with primary hyperparathyroidism from 12.1% (95% CI: 6.7-21) to 6.7% (95% CI: 4.6-9.7).

  12. Military inpatient residential treatment of substance abuse disorders: the Eisenhower Army Medical Center experience.

    PubMed

    Mooney, Scott R; Horton, Philip A; Trakowski, John H; Lenard, Janet H; Barron, Mark R; Nave, Peggy V; Gautreaux, Melissa S; Lott, Heather D

    2014-06-01

    Opened in 2009, the Dwight D. Eisenhower Army Medical Center Inpatient Residential Treatment Facility (RTF) is the largest and most well-established inpatient substance use disorder treatment facility in the Department of Defense. The RTF is a 28-day inpatient treatment program that employs evidence-based practices and is based on Alcoholics/Narcotics Anonymous principles that are incorporated with a hybrid of military daily structure regime including early morning physical training. Family involvement is encouraged. The RTF is staffed by a multidisciplinary team specializing in addictions and admits Active/Activated Service Members (SMs) from all Service branches, typically those who have failed other military/civilian substance use disorder programs. Eighty-seven percent of SMs referred to the program successfully commenced, with continuous sobriety observed in over half of SMs 6 months later, and 1 year relapse rates comparable to other alcohol treatment programs. Limitations of our program evaluation efforts, lessons learned, and recommendations for the way ahead are shared. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. Introduction of cryobiopsies in the diagnostics of interstitial lung diseases – experiences in a referral center

    PubMed Central

    Kronborg-White, Sissel; Folkersen, Birgitte; Rasmussen, Torben Riis; Voldby, Nina; Madsen, Line Bille; Rasmussen, Finn; Poletti, Venerino; Bendstrup, Elisabeth

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Transbronchial cryobiopsies (cTBB) has emerged as a new method for obtaining lung tissue biopsies in the diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). Until now, it has been used in a few highly specialized interventional centers and has shown promising results in obtaining a definite diagnosis of ILDs. Method: All patients undergoing a cTBB between November 2015 and June 2016 were included in this case series study. Data on patient demographics, high-resolution computed tomography patterns, size and number of biopsies, histology patterns, the contribution to a confident diagnosis and complications were registered. Results: Thirty-eight patients underwent cTBB in the period. cTBB contributed to the diagnosis in 28 (74%) of the 38 patients. Only few complications were observed; pneumothorax was the most frequent complication (10 patients, 26%). In six patients, local bleeding occurred during the procedure and was easily controlled by a Fogarty catheter balloon and in some cases tranexamic acid. Conclusion: Performing cTBB in the diagnostics of ILDs is a safe and feasible procedure. cTBB resulted in a confident diagnosis in 74% of cases. PMID:28326178

  14. Genotypic and phenotypic features of citrin deficiency: five-year experience in a Chinese pediatric center.

    PubMed

    Song, Yuan-Zong; Deng, Mei; Chen, Feng-Ping; Wen, Fang; Guo, Li; Cao, Shui-Liang; Gong, Jian; Xu, Hao; Jiang, Guang-Yu; Zhong, Le; Kobayashi, Keiko; Saheki, Takeyori; Wang, Zi-Neng

    2011-07-01

    Citrin is a liver-type aspartate/glutamate carrier (AGC) encoded by the gene SLC25A13. Two phenotypes for human citrin deficiency have been described, namely the adult-onset citrullinemia type II (CTLN2) and the neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD). However, citrin deficiency currently remains a perplexing and poorly recognized disorder. In particular, description of post-NICCD clinical presentations before CTLN2 onset is rather limited. Analysis of SLC25A13 mutations, identification of dysmorphic erythrocytes, hepatobiliary scintigraphic imaging and investigation of post-NICCD clinical presentations were performed in a citrin-deficient cohort comprised of 51 cases of children diagnosed with citrin deficiency in a Chinese pediatric center. Twelve SLC25A13 mutations were detected in this cohort, including the novel V411M and G283X mutations. Among the 51 citrin-deficient subjects, 7 cases had echinocytosis, which was associated with more severe biochemical abnormalities. Delayed hepatic discharge and bile duct/bowel visualization were common scintigraphic findings. Moreover, 9 of the 34 post-NICCD cases demonstrated concurrent failure to thrive and dyslipidemia, constituting a clinical phenotype different from NICCD and CTLN2. The novel mutations, echinocytosis, hepatobiliary scintigraphic features and the novel clinical phenotype in this study expanded the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of citrin deficiency, and challenge the traditionally-assumed 'apparently healthy' period after the NICCD state for this disease entity.

  15. Thoracic outlet syndrome: a 50-year experience at Baylor University Medical Center

    PubMed Central

    Kourlis, Harry

    2007-01-01

    During the past 5 decades, the recognition and management of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) have evolved. This article elucidates these changes and improvements in the diagnosis and management of TOS at Baylor University Medical Center. The most remarkable change over the past 50 years is the use of nerve conduction velocity to diagnose and monitor patients with nerve compression. Recognition that procedures such as breast implantation and median sternotomy may produce TOS has been revealing. Prompt thrombolysis followed by surgical venous decompression for Paget-Schroetter syndrome has markedly improved results compared with the conservative anticoagulation approach; thrombolysis and prompt first rib resection is the optimal treatment for most patients with Paget-Schroetter syndrome. Complete first rib extirpation at the initial procedure markedly reduces the incidence of recurrent neurologic symptoms or the need for a second procedure. Chest pain or pseudoangina can be caused by TOS. Dorsal sympathectomy is helpful for patients with sympathetic maintained pain syndrome or causalgia and patients with recurrent TOS symptoms who need a second procedure. PMID:17431445

  16. Clinical staging and survival in refractory celiac disease: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Rubio-Tapia, Alberto; Kelly, Darlene G; Lahr, Brian D; Dogan, Ahmet; Wu, Tsung-Teh; Murray, Joseph A

    2009-01-01

    Refractory celiac disease (RCD) occurs when both symptoms and intestinal damage persist or recur despite strict adherence to a gluten-free diet. In RCD, the immunophenotype of intraepithelial lymphocytes may be normal and polyclonal (RCD I) or abnormal and monoclonal (RCD II). The aim is to describe the clinical characteristics, treatment, and long-term outcome in a large single-center cohort of patients with RCD. We compared the clinical characteristics and outcome in 57 patients with RCD: 42 with RCD I and 15 with RCD II. Fifteen of 57 patients died during follow-up (n=8 with RCD I and n=7 with RCD II), each within the first 2 years after RCD diagnosis. The overall 5-year cumulative survival is 70%, 80%, and 45% for the entire cohort, RCD I, and RCD II, respectively. The refractory state itself and enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) were the most common causes of death, respectively. A new staging system is proposed based on the cumulative effect of 5 prognostic factors investigated at the time of the refractory state diagnosis: for patients in stages I, II, and III, the 5-year cumulative survival rate was 96%, 71%, and 19%, respectively (P< .0001). RCD is associated with high mortality with RCD II having an especially poor prognosis because of the development of EATL. A new staging model is proposed that may improve the precision of prognosis in patients with RCD.

  17. Neurological complications of dengue fever: Experience from a tertiary center of north India.

    PubMed

    Verma, Rajesh; Sharma, Pawan; Garg, Ravindra Kumar; Atam, Veerendra; Singh, Maneesh Kumar; Mehrotra, Hardeep Singh

    2011-10-01

    Dengue, an acute viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, is highly endemic in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Neurological complications of dengue infection have been observed more frequently in the recent past and some studies highlighted varied neurological complications arising in the course of dengue illness. In this retrospective study, we report various neurological complications observed during the last 2 years in patients of dengue fever. The patients presenting with neurological complications with positive serology (IgM antibody) for dengue infection were consecutively recruited from the Department of Neurology/Medicine from a tertiary center of Lucknow, India. These patients were subjected to a detailed clinical evaluation, laboratory assessment including blood count, hematocrit, coagulation parameters, biochemical assays, serology for dengue fever, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for human immunodeficiency virus and other relevant investigations. Twenty-six patients with neurological complications associated with confirmed dengue infection were observed during the last 2 years. Eighteen of these patients were male. Of the 26 patients, 10 patients were suffering from brachial neuritis, four patients had encephalopathy, three patients were consistent with the diagnosis of Guillain Barre syndrome, three patients had hypokalemic paralysis associated with dengue fever and two patients had acute viral myositis. Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome was diagnosed in two patients, myelitis in one patient and acute disseminated encephalo-myelitis also in one patient. Dengue fever was associated with widespread neurological complications. Brachial neuritis and opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome were observed for the first time in this study.

  18. Fetal Aortic Valvuloplasty: Experience and Results of Two Tertiary Centers in Spain.

    PubMed

    Galindo, Alberto; Gómez-Montes, Enery; Gómez, Olga; Bennasar, Mar; Crispi, Fàtima; Herraiz, Ignacio; Mendoza, Alberto; Escribano, David; García-Torres, Enrique; Carretero, Juan Manuel; Gratacós, Eduard; Martínez, Josep María

    2017-04-07

    Fetal aortic valvuloplasty (FAV) may avoid progression of critical aortic stenosis (CAS) to hypoplastic left ventricle, improving the options for biventricular circulation (BVC). We describe the results of FAV in 2 referral centers in Spain. We analyzed all FAVs performed in the period 2007-2015. The selection of candidates, the technique, and postnatal management were made following an agreed protocol. A descriptive analysis of survival, type of circulation after birth, and complications was made, considering all deaths in the first 48 h after FAV as FAV-related. FAV was performed in 28 fetuses at a median gestational age (GA) of 23 weeks (range, 20-32). FAV was technically successful in 22 (78.6%), of whom 11 were born alive and with intention to treat. Eight (72.7%) resulted in BVC and 3 (27.3%) in univentricular circulation. The rate of FAV-related deaths was 32%. These patients underwent FAV earlier than live-born fetuses (median GA at FAV 22 weeks [range, 20.0-25.0] vs. 24.5 weeks [range, 21.0-32.0], respectively, p = 0.031). A significant proportion of fetuses with CAS who undergo technically successful FAV have BVC postnatally. However, FAV implies a high risk of fetal death, which highly depends on the GA at which this intervention is required. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. Outcome of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair: Experience of a tertiary center in Oman

    PubMed Central

    Al-Hinai, Ahmed S.; Al-Abri, Mohamed S.

    2013-01-01

    Aim: To study the outcome of repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in a tertiary center. Materials and Methods: Review of electronic medical records within a period of 29 months of consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair for RRD in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH). Results: We included 33 consecutive patients (36 eyes). Males constituted 70% of them. The average age was 47 years. Seven eyes out of the 36 had macula-on RRD at presentation. The primary success rate with a single procedure was 86%. However, redetachment occurred in five eyes (14%). Visual acuity was either same as preoperative or better in 81% of the eyes. Giant retinal tear was found in three eyes (8%). The average follow-up period for all patients was 10.25 months (range: 3-25 months). Conclusion: Rhegmatogenous RD is not uncommon disorder. It occurs more frequently in males. However, it has a good prognosis if an intervention was performed in early stages. PMID:24379553

  20. Liver transplantation using organs from deceased organ donors: a single organ transplant center experience.

    PubMed

    Han, Ming; Guo, Zhi-Yong; Zhao, Qiang; Wang, Xiao-Ping; Yuan, Xiao-Peng; Jiao, Xing-Yuan; Yang, Chun-Hua; Wang, Dong-Ping; Ju, Wei-Qiang; Wu, Lin-Wei; Hu, An-Bin; Tai, Qiang; Ma, Yi; Zhu, Xiao-Feng; He, Xiao-Shun

    2014-08-01

    In 2011, a pilot program for deceased organ donation was initiated in China. We describe the first successful series of liver transplants in the pilot program. From July 2011 to August 2012, our center performed 26 liver transplants from a pool of 29 deceased donors. All organ donation and allograft procurement were conducted according to the national protocol. The clinical data of donors and recipients were collected and summarized retrospectively. Among the 29 donors, 24 were China Category II donors (organ donation after cardiac death), and five were China Category III donors (organ donation after brain death followed by cardiac death). The recipients were mainly the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The one-year patient survival rate was 80.8% with a median follow-up of 422 (2-696) days. Among the five mortalities during the follow-up, three died of tumor recurrence. In terms of post-transplant complications, 9 recipients (34.6%) experienced early allograft dysfunction, 1 (3.8%) had non-anastomotic biliary stricture, and 1 (3.8%) was complicated with hepatic arterial thrombosis. None of these complications resulted in patient death. Notably, primary non-function was not observed in any of the grafts. With careful donor selection, liver transplant from deceased donors can be performed safely and plays a critical role in overcoming the extreme organ shortage in China.

  1. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Luo, Lan; Zhang, Lin; Cai, Bo; Li, Honghua; Huang, Wenrong; Jing, Yu; Zhu, Haiyan; Zhao, Yu; Bo, Jian; Wang, Quanshun; Han, Xiaoping; Yu, Li; Gao, Chunji

    2014-01-08

    Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is a rare and serious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) or solid organ transplantation. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the occurrence of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease in allo-HSCT recipients over 12 years in a single center in China. A total of 343 patients received allo-HSCT. The conditioning therapy consisted of a busulfan/cyclophosphamide-based regimen, a fludarabine/cyclophosphamide-based regimen, or total-body irradiation and cyclophosphamide. In transplantations from unrelated donors and haplo-identical donors, patients also received antithymocyte globulin (ATG) or thymoglobulin as part of the conditioning. Five of the 343 patients (1.46%) were diagnosed with PTLD and all 5 were given ATG as part of conditioning. Among these 5 patients, 4 had lymphoid neoplasm before transplantation. EBV-positivity was confirmed in 4 patients. All 5 PTLD patients received reduction of immunosuppression (RI) as fundamental therapy. At follow-up on April 1, 2013, 1 patient had survived for 2 years and 1 had survived for 9 years. The correlation of PTLD with ATG and underlying diseases were examined by statistical analysis using the chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test (P=0.011 and 0.025, respectively). Although only 1.46% of patients progressed to PTLD associated with ATG and underlying diseases, the mortality was still high. Moreover, RI can be an effective therapy for PTLD patients, but other approaches should be further explored.

  2. Pregnancy-related uterine arteriovenous malformations: experience from a single medical center.

    PubMed

    Vaknin, Z; Sadeh-Mefpechkin, D; Halperin, R; Altshuler, A; Amir, P; Maymon, R

    2011-12-01

    The purpose of this article was to investigate clinical ultrasonographic findings and the outcomes of post-pregnancy patients with acquired uterine vascular abnormalities including arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). We performed a computerized database search for all patients with ultrasonographic findings of a vascular abnormality including AVM in our referral center between 2000-2008. An ultrasound finding of vascular abnormality was defined as an area of strong hypervascularity within the myometrium and the presence of marked turbulence. The inclusion criteria for angiography were abnormal vaginal bleeding in a hemodynamically stable patient, bhCG serum levels ≤ 30 mIU/ml, and ultrasound demonstration of large (≥ 15 mm on the larger side of the vessel) or multiple vascular lesions. 16 women were identified, of whom 10 (63 %) underwent uterine artery embolization. Angiography confirmed the pre-interventional ultrasound diagnosis of AVM in all cases. AVM feeding arteries were on the left side of the uterus in 80 % of the cases. Residual tissue was ultrasonographically detected in five patients: 2 underwent hysteroscopy and guided curettage following embolization and three received methotrexate. All tissue samples were benign. One small vascular abnormality resolved spontaneously. An acquired uterine vascular abnormality including AVM should be considered in the work-up of post-pregnancy vaginal bleeding. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  3. Outcomes following Pediatric Auditory Brainstem Implant Surgery: Early Experiences in a North American Center.

    PubMed

    Puram, Sidharth V; Barber, Samuel R; Kozin, Elliott D; Shah, Parth; Remenschneider, Aaron; Herrmann, Barbara S; Duhaime, Ann-Christine; Barker, Fred G; Lee, Daniel J

    2016-07-01

    There are no approved Food and Drug Administration indications for pediatric auditory brainstem implant (ABI) surgery in the United States. Our prospective case series aims to determine the safety and feasibility of ABI surgery in pediatric patients <5 years old with congenital deafness at a tertiary North American center. The inclusion criterion was pre- or postlinguistic deafness in children not eligible for cochlear implantation. Seventeen candidates were evaluated (mean ± SD: age, 2.52 ± 0.39 years). Four patients underwent ABI surgery (age, 19.2 ± 3.43 months), including 4 primary procedures and 1 revision for device failure. Spontaneous device failure occurred in another subject postoperatively. No major/minor complications occurred, including cerebrospinal fluid leak, facial nerve injury, hematoma, and nonauditory stimulation. All subjects detected sound with environmental awareness, and several demonstrated babbling and mimicry. Poor durability of older implants underscores need for updated technology. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2016.

  4. Single-center experience with the bicarbon bileaflet prosthetic heart valve in Japan.

    PubMed

    Misawa, Yoshio; Saito, Tsutomu; Konishi, Hiroaki; Oki, Shin-ichi; Kaminishi, Yuichiro; Tezuka, Yasuhiro; Aizawa, Kei; Takahashi, Hideki; Hasegawa, Nobuyuki; Kamisawa, Osamu; Kato, Morito; Fuse, Katsuo

    2002-10-01

    We analyzed midterm results using the Bicarbon valve in a single center. Forty-four patients had aortic valve replacement (AVR), 48 had mitral valve replacement (MVR), and 13 had both aortic and mitral valve replacement (DVR). The mean age of the 105 patients was 61.2 +/- 11.3 years. The mean follow-up was 1.8 +/- 1.1 years with a cumulative follow-up of 188 patient-years. There were 5 early deaths (4.7%: 4 in the AVR group and 1 in the MVR group) and 5 late deaths (2.7% per patient-year: 3 malignancy, 1 cerebral hemorrhage, 1 myocardial infarction). Survival at 3 years was 91 +/- 4% in the AVR group, 92 +/- 5% in the MVR group, and 66 +/- 23% in the DVR group. The linearized incidence of thromboembolic complications, hemorrhagic complications, and paravalvular leaks in all patients was 1.06 +/- 2.34%, 1.60 +/- 2.53%, and 0.53 +/- 2.22% per patient-year, respectively. No other complications were observed. In conclusion, the Bicarbon prosthetic heart valve has shown excellent clinical results associated with a low incidence of valve-related complications.

  5. [Digestive surgical complications during pregnancy following bariatric surgery: Experience of a center for perinatology and obesity].

    PubMed

    Chevrot, A; Lesage, N; Msika, S; Mandelbrot, L

    2016-04-01

    To describe severe complications during pregnancy requiring surgery in patients with a history of obesity surgery. A retrospective study in a hospital with tertiary care perinatology and an obesity reference center, on all pregnancies following bariatric surgery over a 10-year period, analyzing all cases of surgical complications. There were 8 major complications related to the procedure in 141 pregnancies with bariatric surgery. The 2 complications in women with gastric banding were band slippage resulting in severe dysphagia, one of which leading to intractable vomiting and serious hydrolectric disorders. Among the 6 complications after bypass surgery, 4 were occlusions: 3 on internal hernias of which 2 with volvulus and 1 associated with intestinal invagination, as well as one with intestinal invagination only. One patient had a laparotomy for a suspected invagination which was not confirmed. The other surgical complications after gastric bypass were a hernia and an exploratory laparotomy for suspected intussusception which was overturned. There was no case of maternal or perinatal death. Pregnancies in patients with a history of bariatric surgery are at high risk, in particular for complications related to the surgery and thus require careful interdisciplinary surveillance, and determination of predictive factors. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Twelve Years of Experience at a Regional Referral Center.

    PubMed

    Mücke, S; Nagel, M; Siedentopf, J; Bührer, C; Hüseman, D

    2017-01-01

    Infants exposed to opiates antenatally display withdrawal symptoms after birth referred to as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).A total of 366 newborns (166 females, 10 twins) from 361 mothers were diagnosed with NAS from 2000 to 2011 at a single large metropolitan referral center.Retrospective chart review of all newborn infants exposed to opiates in utero.20% were premature (gestational age<37 weeks), 32% were small-for-gestational-age (<10(th) percentile). 70% of infants (195/278) antenatally exposed to methadone (racemic methadone or levomethadone) required pharmacological treatment for 11 (1-55) days (median; range); however, 45% of infants (28/62) exposed to buprenorphine required pharmacological treatment for a median of only 5 (1-20) days (p=0.014). Pharmacological treatment of infants with phenobarbital (n=189) took a median of 9 (1-53) days, but treatment with morphine (n=39) took 19 (3-55) days (p<0.001). The median duration of hospitalization increased from 11 days in 2000-2004 to 19 days in 2008-2011 (p<0.001). The increased durations of neonatal hospitalization were associated with similar increases in the average dosages of maternal methadone.Use of buprenorphine, rather than methadone, for treatment of opiate-addicted pregnant women is associated with fewer and shorter neonatal withdrawal symptoms. The duration of hospitalization and treatment for NAS has increased over time. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. Primary experience of bariatric surgery in a newly established private obesity center

    PubMed Central

    Al-Shurafa, Haider; Elzaafarany, Ahmed H.; Albenmousa, Ali; Balata, Mona G.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the outcomes of different types of bariatric surgeries in a single newly established private obesity center. Methods: Retrospectively, we included patients who were entered in the registry for bariatric surgeries in the Obesity Unit, Riyadh National Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 2013 and September 2014, and completed one year of follow up. Baseline characteristics, percent excess weight loss, and safety data were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 79 patients were included. Based on the type of surgery, patients were divided into 3 groups: laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), laparoscopic minigastric bypass (MGBP), and laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy (SG). After one year, RYGB and MGB patients lost more weight than SG patients. No mortality, or leak were reported and one patient had reoperation after revision laparoscopic RYGB for bleeding. There was one readmission, while 4 patients visited the emergency room for vomiting and dehydration (2 patients), anemia (one patient), and port site infection (one patient). Conclusion: Bariatric surgeries are safe when carried out by an experienced bariatric surgeon in the private sector. The outcome of this series is similar to the published results from large international obesity databases. PMID:27652359

  8. Ventricular septal defect in children and adolescents in Angola: experience of a tertiary center.

    PubMed

    Manuel, Valdano; Morais, Humberto; Manuel, Ana; David, Bruna; Gamboa, Sebastiana

    2014-10-01

    This is the first study in Angola with the aim of characterizing ventricular septal defect (VSD) among children and adolescents. A cross-sectional study based on echocardiographic records of the largest pediatric cardiology center in Angola included all children and adolescents (0 to 18 years old) with VSD between April 2010 and March 2011. The diagnosis was made by transthoracic and Doppler echocardiography with a Medison SA 8000 system. The sample was divided into two groups: Group 1, isolated VSD; and Group 2, VSD associated with other congenital heart defects (CHDs). Age, gender, type of VSD, associated CHDs and genetic syndromes were assessed. A total of 490 CHDs were diagnosed, of which 283 were VSDs. In Group 1 (140, 49%) the mean age was 29±36 months. The most frequent age (mode) at diagnosis was 24 months. There was no predominance of gender (ratio 1:1). The majority (127, 91%) had perimembranous VSD. In Group 2 (143, 51%) 113 patients (79%) had one, 27 patients (19%) had two and three patients (2%) had three other CHDs. Trisomy 21 was the most common genetic syndrome (23, 96%). The study shows that VSD is the most common CHD in childhood, the diagnosis is made late and almost half of VSDs are associated with other CHDs. Copyright © 2014 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  9. Frequency of kidney diseases and clinical indications of pediatric renal biopsy: A single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Imtiaz, S.; Nasir, K.; Drohlia, M. F.; Salman, B.; Ahmad, A.

    2016-01-01

    Kidney biopsy occupies a fundamental position in the management of kidney diseases. There are very few renal pathology studies available in the literature from developing world. This study scrutinized the frequency and clinicopathological relationship of kidney biopsies done at the kidney center from 1997 to 2013 amongst pediatric patients. Kidney allograft biopsy were excluded. The specimen was examined under light microscopy and immunofluorescence while electron microscopy was not done. The study includes 423 patients, mean age was 10.48 ± 4.58 years, males 245 (57.9%) were more than females 178 (42.1%). Nephrotic syndrome 314 (74.2%) was the most common clinical presentation followed by acute nephritic syndrome 35 (8.3%) and acute renal failure 24 (5.7%). Primary glomerulonephritis (PGN) was the most common group of diseases, seen in 360 (85.1%) followed by secondary glomerulonephritis (SGN) in 27 (6.4%) and tubulointerstitial nephritis in 21 (5.0%). Among PGN, minimal change disease (MCD) was the most dominant disease, with 128 (30.3%) cases followed by focal segmental glomerulosclerosis FSGS in 109 (25.8%) and membranous glomerulonephropathy in 27 (6.4%). Lupus nephritis (LN) was the leading cause of glomerular disease in SGN followed by hemolytic uremic syndrome. In conclusion, MCD is the most common histological finding, especially in younger children and FSGS is second to it. SGN is rare, and the most common disease in this category is LN while tubulointerstitial and vascular diseases are infrequent. PMID:27194835

  10. Neonatal screening for biotinidase deficiency: A 30-year single center experience.

    PubMed

    Porta, Francesco; Pagliardini, Veronica; Celestino, Isabella; Pavanello, Enza; Pagliardini, Severo; Guardamagna, Ornella; Ponzone, Alberto; Spada, Marco

    2017-12-01

    We reviewed the outcome of newborn screening for biotinidase deficiency performed at our department since 1987. Among 1,097,894 newborns screened, 461 were recalled, and 18 were identified as affected by complete or partial biotinidase deficiency (incidence 1:61,000, false positive rate 0.04%). The common missense mutation Q456H was found in 80% of patients with profound biotinidase deficiency. Of them, one patient harbored the novel mutation M399I in compound heterozygosity (M399I/Q456H). The complex allele A171T/D444H in cis was found in two patients with profound biotinidase deficiency (in homozygosity and in compound heterozygosity with the R211H mutation, respectively) and in one patient with partial biotinidase deficiency (in compound heterozygosity with the protective allele D444H in trans). All detected patients were treated and followed up at our Center until present. Biotin therapy (10-20 mg/day) allowed the full prevention of clinical symptoms in all patients with no adverse effects. These excellent outcomes confirm that newborn screening for biotinidase deficiency is a very effective secondary prevention program.

  11. Laparoscopic vs open donor nephrectomy: Lessons learnt from single academic center experience

    PubMed Central

    Tsoulfas, Georgios; Agorastou, Polyxeni; Ko, Dicken S C; Hertl, Martin; Elias, Nahel; Cosimi, AB; Kawai, Tatsuo

    2017-01-01

    AIM To compare laparoscopic and open living donor nephrectomy, based on the results from a single center during a decade. METHODS This is a retrospective review of all living donor nephrectomies performed at the Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, between 1/1998 - 12/2009. Overall there were 490 living donors, with 279 undergoing laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN) and 211 undergoing open donor nephrectomy (OLDN). Demographic data, operating room time, the effect of the learning curve, the number of conversions from laparoscopic to open surgery, donor preoperative glomerular filtration rate and creatinine (Cr), donor and recipient postoperative Cr, delayed graft function and donor complications were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS Overall there was no statistically significant difference between the LLDN and the OLDN groups regarding operating time, donor preoperative renal function, donor and recipient postoperative kidney function, delayed graft function or the incidence of major complications. When the last 100 laparoscopic cases were analyzed, there was a statistically significant difference regarding operating time in favor of the LLDN, pointing out the importance of the learning curve. Furthermore, another significant difference between the two groups was the decreased length of stay for the LLDN (2.87 d for LLDN vs 3.6 d for OLDN). CONCLUSION Recognizing the importance of the learning curve, this paper provides evidence that LLDN has a safety profile comparable to OLDN and decreased length of stay for the donor. PMID:28101451

  12. Comparison of Capsule Endoscopy Findings to Subsequent Double Balloon Enteroscopy: A Dual Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Kalra, Amandeep S.; Walker, Andrew J.; Benson, Mark E.; Soni, Anurag; Guda, Nalini M.; Misha, Mehak; Gopal, Deepak V.

    2015-01-01

    Background. There has been a growing use of both capsule endoscopy (CE) and double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) to diagnose and treat patients with obscure gastrointestinal blood loss and suspected small bowel pathology. Aim. To compare and correlate sequential CE and DBE findings in a large series of patients at two tertiary level hospitals in Wisconsin. Methods. An IRB approved retrospective study of patients who underwent sequential CE and DBE, at two separate tertiary care academic centers from May 2007 to December 2011, was performed. Results. 116 patients were included in the study. The mean age ± SD was 66.6 ± 13.2 years. There were 56% males and 43.9% females. Measure of agreement between prior capsule and DBE findings was performed using kappa statistics, which gave kappa value of 0.396 with P < 0.001. Also contingency coefficient was calculated and was found to be 0.732 (P < 0.001). Conclusions. Our study showed good overall agreement between DBE and CE. Findings of angioectasia had maximum agreement of 69%. PMID:26420979

  13. Outcomes of pediatric living donor kidney transplantation: A single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Bertólez, Sonia; Barrero, Rafael; Fijo, Julia; Alonso, Verónica; Ojha, Devicka; Fernández-Hurtado, Miguel Ángel; Martínez, Jerónimo; León, Eduardo; García-Merino, Francisco

    2017-05-01

    Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for children with ESRD offering advantages of improved survival, growth potential, cognitive development, and quality of life. The aim of our study was to compare the outcomes of LDKT vs DDKT performed in children at a single center. Retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who underwent kidney transplantation from 2005 to 2014 was performed. Ninety-one renal transplants were accomplished, and 31 cases (38.27%) were LDKT, and in 96.7% of the cases, the graft was obtained through laparoscopy. Thirty-four receptors weighted <25 kg. LDKT group had statistically significant lower cold ischemia times than DDKT one. Complication rate was 9.67% for LDKT and 18.33% for DDKT. eGFR was better in LDKT. Patient survival rate was 100% for LDKT and 98.3% for DDKT, and graft survival rate was 96.7% for LDKT and 88.33%-80% for DDKT at a year and 5 years. Our program of pediatric kidney transplantation has achieved optimal patient and graft survival rates with low rate of complications. Living donor pediatric kidney transplants have higher patient and better graft survival rates than deceased donor kidney transplants.

  14. Early enteral nutrition vs parenteral nutrition following pancreaticoduodenectomy: Experience from a single center

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Jian-Wen; Liu, Chang; Du, Zhao-Qing; Liu, Xue-Min; Lv, Yi; Zhang, Xu-Feng

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To analyze and compare postoperative morbidity between patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and early enteral nutrition supplemented with parenteral nutrition (EEN + PN). METHODS: Three hundred and forty patients receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) from 2009 to 2013 at our center were enrolled retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups depending on postoperative nutrition support scheme: an EEN + PN group (n = 87) and a TPN group (n = 253). Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, preoperative biochemical parameters, pathological diagnosis, intraoperative information, and postoperative complications of the two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: The two groups did not differ in demographic characteristics, preoperative comorbidities, preoperative biochemical parameters or pathological findings (P > 0.05 for all). However, patients with EEN + PN following PD had a higher incidence of delayed gastric emptying (16.1% vs 6.7%, P = 0.016), pulmonary infection (10.3% vs 3.6%, P = 0.024), and probably intraperitoneal infection (18.4% vs 10.3%, P = 0.059), which might account for their longer nasogastric tube retention time (9 d vs 5 d, P = 0.006), postoperative hospital stay (25 d vs 20 d, P = 0.055) and higher hospitalization expenses (USD10397 vs USD8663.9, P = 0.008), compared to those with TPN. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that TPN might be safe and sufficient for patient recovery after PD. Postoperative EEN should only be performed scrupulously and selectively. PMID:27076767

  15. Insulin degludec and insulin degludec/insulin aspart in Ramadan: A single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Kalra, Sanjay

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to document the utility and safety of insulin degludec (IDeg) and insulin degludec aspart (IDegAsp) in persons with type 2 diabetes, observing the Ramadan fast. An observational study was conducted at a single center, in the real world setting, on six persons who either switched to IDeg or IDegAsp a month before Ramadan or changed time of administration of IDegAsp at the onset of Ramadan, to keep the fast in a safe manner. Subjects were kept under regular monitoring and surveillance before, during, and after Ramadan, and counseled in an opposite manner. Four persons, who shifted from premixed insulin to IDegAsp, experienced a 12–18% dose reduction after 14 days. At the onset of Ramadan, the Suhur dose was reduced by 30%, and this remained unchanged during the fasting month. The Iftar dose had to be increased by 4 units. One person who shifted from neutral protamine hagedorn to IDeg demonstrated a 25% dose reduction at 20 days, without any further change in insulin requirement during Ramadan. One person who changed time of injection of IDegAsp from morning to night reported no change in dosage. No episode of major hypoglycemia was reported. IDeg and IDegAsp are effective, safe, and well-tolerated means of achieving glycemic control in persons with type 2 diabetes who wish to fast. PMID:27366727

  16. A single center experience of donation after cardiac death liver transplantation in pediatric recipients.

    PubMed

    Bartlett, Adam; Vara, Roshni; Muiesan, Paolo; Mariott, Paul; Dhawan, Anil; Mieli-Vergani, Giorgina; Rela, Mohamed; Heaton, Nigel

    2010-05-01

    Many centers are now performing DCD adult LT. There has been a reluctance to transplant pediatric recipients with DCD livers due to concern over the medium to long-term outcome. We describe the outcome of 14 children (median age seven yr, 8 months-16 yr) that underwent LT with DCD grafts from July 2001 to December 2007. Donors had a median age of 23 yr (10-64), intensive care stay of five d (2-14) and bilirubin of 9 mmol/L (6-60). Median warm and cold ischemic time was 16 min (11-29) and seven h (5.5-8.4). Livers were transplanted as a whole organ (4), reduced graft (8), formal split (1) or auxiliary transplant (1). Compared to DBD recipients AST was significantly higher on the first three post-operative days and there was no difference in the INR, bilirubin or GGT out to 12 months. There were no biliary or vascular complications and patient and graft survival is 100% at a median follow-up of 41.8 months (1.7-74 months). LT with DCD grafts in pediatric recipients can be performed with low morbidity and excellent short-to-medium term patient and graft outcome.

  17. The pathological implications of heart transplantation: experience with 50 cases in a single center.

    PubMed

    Ishibashi-Ueda, Hatsue; Ikeda, Yoshihiko; Matsuyama, Taka-Aki; Ohta-Ogo, Keiko; Sato, Takuma; Seguchi, Osamu; Yanase, Masanobu; Fujita, Tomoyuki; Kobayashi, Junjiro; Nakatani, Takeshi

    2014-09-01

    Heart transplantation started in Japan in 1999. Since then, 50 transplants have been performed at our center. We performed histopathological analyses of the 50 explanted hearts and the post-transplant biopsy specimens. The median age of recipients was 39 years. The primary diseases before transplant were idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy in 33 patients (66%), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in seven (14%), restrictive cardiomyopathy in one, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy in one, and secondary cardiomyopathy in eight (16%). Before transplantation, 47 patients (94%) had left ventricular assist devices. No severe cardiovascular failure due to allograft rejection occurred. The post-transplant survival rate was 97.6% at 1 year and 93.1% at 10 years. One recipient was lost to sepsis from myelodysplastic syndrome in the fourth year, one died of multiple organ failure and peritonitis 8 months after transplant. Another patient died of recurrent post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD). Mild cardiac dysfunction occurred in seven recipients in the early postoperative period. Moderate acute cellular rejection occurred in six patients (12%), and antibody-mediated rejection occurred in three (6%). The number of heart transplants performed in Japan is very small. However, the outstanding 10-year survival rate is due to donor evaluation and post-transplant care resulting in low grade rejection. Pathological evaluation has also greatly contributed to the results.

  18. Cochlear implantation in patients with vestibular schwannoma: a single United Kingdom center experience.

    PubMed

    Pai, Irumee; Dhar, Vikram; Kelleher, Catherine; Nunn, Terry; Connor, Steve; Jiang, Dan; O'Connor, Alec Fitzgerald

    2013-08-01

    To evaluate the outcome of cochlear implantation (CI) in patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS). A retrospective case series from a tertiary auditory implant center. A retrospective case note review was carried out to evaluate patients with bilateral profound hearing loss and VS who underwent unilateral CI within the Auditory Implant Centre at St. Thomas' Hospital, London, between 2000 and 2012. This included both bilateral VS with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and unilateral sporadic VS. Outcome measures included speech perception with Bamford-Kowal-Bench and City University of New York sentences, sound-field thresholds with warble tones, and the subjective benefits reported by patients. The study included five patients with NF2 and bilateral VS and two patients with sporadic unilateral VS. The standard preoperative audiologic assessment for CI often could not be carried out in NF2 patients. Preoperative testing was more complete in the two patients with sporadic VS. The audiologic outcome was variable. Open-set speech perception was achieved in three out of five NF2 patients, and another reported significant improvement in environmental sound perception and ease of communication. The outcome was overall better in patients with sporadic VS, both of whom were able to use the telephone in their implanted ear. Good speech perception can be achieved in some cases, and CI should be considered as an option for auditory rehabilitation in patients with VS. © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  19. Aligning incentives in orthopaedics: opportunities and challenges -- the Case Medical Center experience.

    PubMed

    Marcus, Randall E; Zenty, Thomas F; Adelman, Harlin G

    2009-10-01

    For 30 years, the orthopaedic faculty at Case Western Reserve University worked as an independent private corporation within University Hospitals Case Medical Center (Hospital). However, by 2002, it became progressively obvious to our orthopaedic practice that we needed to modify our business model to better manage the healthcare regulatory changes and decreased reimbursement if we were to continue to attract and retain the best and brightest orthopaedic surgeons to our practice. In 2002, our surgeons created a new entity wholly owned by the parent corporation at the Hospital. As part of this transaction, the parties negotiated a balanced employment model designed to fully integrate the orthopaedic surgeons into the integrated delivery system that included the Hospital. This new faculty practice plan adopted a RVU-based compensation model for the physicians, with components that created incentives both for clinical practice and for academic and administrative service contributions. Over the past 5 years, aligning incentives with the Hospital has substantially increased the clinical productivity of the surgeons and has also benefited the Hospital and our patients. Furthermore, aligned incentives between surgeons and hospitals could be of substantial financial benefit to both, as Medicare moves forward with its bundled project initiative.

  20. Abdominal inflammatory masses mimicking neoplasia in children-experience of two centers.

    PubMed

    Czauderna, Piotr; Schaarschmidt, Klaus; Komasara, Leszek; Harms, Dieter; Lempe, Michael; Vorpahl, Klaus; Szumera, Malgorzata; Balanda, Alicja

    2005-05-01

    Despite progress in modern imaging, some inflammatory masses are difficult to distinguish clinically from neoplastic processes. In such cases the pathology report has a great distinctive value, but even then the final diagnosis may be difficult to reach. Eight patients with abdominal tumors of inflammatory origin were treated in two institutions, the Department of Pediatric Surgery of the Medical University of Gdansk, Poland, and Helios Center of Pediatric Surgery in Berlin, Germany, during the last 10 years. Four tumors were located in the pelvis, two in the liver, and two in the colonic mesentery. Five of them were inflammatory pseudotumors (two subclassified as inflammatory fibrosarcoma), one had nonspecific inflammatory changes, one was diagnosed as idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis, and one was diagnosed as bacillary angiomatosis. All patients underwent surgical tumor biopsy, excisional in four and incisional in four. All but two children underwent macroscopically complete tumor excision (four primarily, two secondarily). In one case the tumor resolved with antibiotherapy. Surgery in retroperitoneal masses was often extensive and associated with significant complications because of invasive tumor growth. In conclusion, intraabdominal inflammatory lesions may closely mimic neoplasia in children. Clinical doubts result in repeated biopsies, and for this reason excisional biopsy should be preferred. In some cases, when excisional biopsy is not feasible due to invasive growth of the tumor, delayed complete mass excision should follow, despite occasional significant morbidity. The etiology and exact nature of inflammatory pseudotumors are still obscure, and it is unknown whether they represent inflammatory lesions or true neoplasia.

  1. Tracheostomy in children: a ten-year experience from a tertiary center in southern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Schweiger, Cláudia; Manica, Denise; Becker, Carolina Fischer; Abreu, Larissa Santos Perez; Manzini, Michelle; Sekine, Leo; Kuhl, Gabriel

    2016-08-24

    Children may require tracheostomy due to many different health conditions. Over the last 40 years, indications of tracheostomy have endorsed substantial modifications. To evaluate pediatric patients warranted tracheostomy at our Hospital, in regard to their indications, associated comorbidities, complications and decannulation rates. Retrospective study concerning patients under 18 years of age undergoing tracheostomy in a tertiary health care center, from January 2006 to November 2015. One hundred and twenty-three children required a tracheostomy after ENT evaluation during the study period. A proportion of 63% was male, and 56% was under one year of age. Glossoptosis was the most common indication (30%), followed by subglottic stenosis (16%) and pharyngomalacia (11%). The mortality rate was 31%. By the end of this review, 35 children (28.4%) had been decannulated, and the fewer the number of comorbidities, the greater the decannulation rate (0.77±0.84 vs. 1.7±1.00 comorbidities; p<0.001). Tracheostomy in children is a relatively frequent procedure at our hospital. The most common indications are glossoptosis and subglottic stenosis. A high mortality rate was found, potentially substantiated by the high number of critical care patients with chronic neurological conditions in this cohort. Our decannulation rate is slightly below other series, probably because of the greater amount of patients with comorbidities. Copyright © 2016 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  2. Patterns of Early Rejection in Renal Retransplantation: A Single-Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Cheng; Lin, Kailin; Wang, Zhiqiang; Guo, Hui; Chen, Song; Lin, Zhengbin; Chen, Zhishui

    2016-01-01

    It has been reported that kidney retransplant patients had high rates of early acute rejection due to previous sensitization. In addition to the acute antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) that has received widespread attention, the early acute T-cell-mediated rejection (TCMR) may be another important issue in renal retransplantation. In the current single-center retrospective study, we included 33 retransplant patients and 90 first transplant patients with similar protocols of induction and maintenance therapy. Analysis focused particularly on the incidence and patterns of early acute rejection episodes, as well as one-year graft and patient survival. Excellent short-term clinical outcomes were obtained in both groups, with one-year graft and patient survival rates of 93.9%/100% in the retransplant group and 92.2%/95.6% in the first transplant group. Impressively, with our strict immunological selection and desensitization criteria, the retransplant patients had a very low incidence of early acute ABMR (6.1%), which was similar to that in the first transplant patients (4.4%). However, a much higher rate of early acute TCMR was observed in the retransplant group than in the first transplant group (30.3% versus 5.6%, P < 0.001). Acute TCMR that develops early after retransplantation should be monitored in order to obtain better transplant outcomes. PMID:28058265

  3. Importance and feasibility of creating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy centers in developing countries: the experience in India.

    PubMed

    Maron, Barry J

    2015-07-15

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) is a relatively common genetic heart disease responsible for mortality and morbidity at all ages. Using contemporary treatment advances, such as implantable defibrillators, surgical myectomy, heart transplant, and modern defibrillation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, it is now possible to reduce HC-related mortality considerably to 0.5% per year, less than expected in the general US adult population. However, in much of the developing world, HC has not yet become a priority given the many other cardiac conditions, such as coronary artery disease and systemic hypertension, so prevalent in the most populous countries such as China and India. Management of HC is best achieved in dedicated centers within institutions, such as previously demonstrated in the United States, Canada, some European countries, and Australia. This model has recently been introduced for the first time in India at the Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research in Kochi, Kerala, in which a robust program focused on HC has emerged. This novel initiative, created despite the many obstacles in the Indian health care system, is an important step forward and is reported here detail. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Adenoviral Infections in Adult Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Yilmaz, Musa; Chemaly, Roy F.; Han, Xiang Y.; Thall, Peter F.; Fox, Patricia S.; Tarrand, Jeffrey J.; De Lima, Marcos J.; Hosing, Chitra M.; Popat, Uday R.; Shpall, Elizabeth; Champlin, Richard E.; Qazilbash, Muzaffar H.

    2014-01-01

    Disseminated adenoviral infection (AI) is associated with profound immunosuppression and poor outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). A better understanding of AI in allo-HCT recipients can serve a basis to develop more effective management strategies. We evaluated all adult patients who received allo-HCT at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center between 1999 and 2008. Among the 2879 allo-HCT patients, 73 (2.5%) were diagnosed with AI. Enteritis (26%) and pneumonia (24%) were the most common clinical manifestations; pneumonia was the most common cause of adenovirus-associated death. A multivariable Bayesian logistic regression showed that, when the joint effects of all covariates were accounted for, a cord blood transplant, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) ≤ 200/mm3, and male gender were associated with a higher probability of disseminated AI. The overall survival was significantly worse for patients with AI that was disseminated rather than localized (median of 5 months versus 28 months, respectively, p<0.001) and for patients with ALC ≤ 200/mm3 (p<0.001). Disseminated AI, in patients who received allo-HCT, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Strategies for early diagnosis and intervention are essential, especially for high-risk patients. PMID:23503529

  5. Wide-Angle Refraction Tomographic Inversion of Mid Cayman Spreading Center and its Oceanic Core Complex, CaySEIS Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harding, J.; Van Avendonk, H. J.; Hayman, N. W.; Grevemeyer, I.; Peirce, C.; Dannowski, A.; Papenberg, C. A.

    2015-12-01

    The CaySEIS experiment, conducted in April 2015, is a multi-national collaborative seismic study of the Mid Cayman Spreading Center (MCSC), an ultra-slow spreading center [15 mm/yr fr] in the Caribbean Sea. Ultra-slow spreading centers are thought to have very thin crust and a paucity of magmatism due to cooler mantle conditions. However, the suggestion that gabbro-cored oceanic core complexes (OCCs), volcanic deposits, and multiple layers of hydrothermal vents are widespread in the MCSC and other ultra-slow spreading centers has led to questions about the relationship between seafloor spreading rates and magmatism. To investigate this further, we conducted the CaySEIS experiment, with five wide-angle seismic refraction lines parallel and perpendicular to the neovolcanic zone. This analysis is based on two east-west oriented 100-km-long seismic refraction lines, which were each occupied by 18 ocean bottom seismometers. Line 2 lies across the central MCSC and an OCC called Mt. Dent. Line 3 crosses the northern end of the MCSC near the Oriente Transform Zone. With the wide-angle OBS data we can image the seismic velocity structure of Mt. Dent and distinguish between two models of OCCs - either Mt. Dent is composed of mostly gabbro with peridotite lenses identified by a low velocity gradient, or it is composed of mostly peridotite with gabbroic bodies identified by a constant velocity gradient. The crustal structure of both lines gives more insight into the asymmetry of the MCSC and the style of seafloor spreading to the east vs. the west. The 2-D velocity models reveal Mt. Dent has thick crust of 8 km with a low velocity gradient, supporting the magmatic gabbroic origin of OCCs. The surrounding crust to the west of the MCSC is highly variable, with areas of very thin crust. The crust to the east of the MCSC has an approximately constant thickness of 4 km. The development of OCCs may contribute to the crustal heterogeneity of ultra-slow spreading centers.

  6. The Manuel Lujan, Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) experiment reports 1992 run cycle. Progress report

    SciTech Connect

    DiStravolo, M.A.

    1993-09-01

    This year was the fifth in which LANSCE ran a formal user program. A call for proposals was issued before the scheduled run cycles, and experiment proposals were submitted by scientists from universities, industry, and other research facilities around the world. An external program advisory committee, which LANSCE shares with the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS), Argonne National Laboratory, examined the proposals and made recommendations. At LANSCE, neutrons are produced by spallation when a pulsed, 800-MeV proton beam impinges on a tungsten target. The proton pulses are provided by the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) accelerator and an associated Proton Storage Ring (PSR), which can alter the intensity, time structure, and repetition rate of the pulses. The LAMPF protons of Line D are shared between the LANSCE target and the Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) facility, which results in LANSCE spectrometers being available to external users for unclassified research about 80% of each annual LAMPF run cycle. Measurements of interest to the Los Alamos National Laboratory may also be performed and may occupy up to an additional 20% of the available beam time. These experiments are reviewed by an internal program advisory committee. One hundred sixty-seven proposals were submitted for unclassified research and twelve proposals for research of a programmatic interest to the Laboratory; six experiments in support of the LANSCE research program were accomplished during the discretionary periods. Oversubscription for instrument beam time by a factor of three was evident with 839 total days requested and only 371 available for allocation.

  7. A fantastic camp experience for kids with unique health conditions | Center for Cancer Research

    Cancer.gov

    Believe it or not, camp was a favorite part of summer for Nesma Aly from 2008 to 2016. When Nesma was nine months old she was diagnosed with osteopetrosis, a rare congenital disorder in which bones become prone to break easily due to an imbalance in bone formation and breakdown. Camp Fantastic is distinctive in that it provides a normal camping experience for a unique group: children between the ages of 7 and 19 who are undergoing cancer treatment presently or in the last three years, or a bone marrow transplant in the last five years. The 2017 Camp Fantastic session runs August 13-19.  Read more...

  8. Twenty-two nondirected kidney donors: an update on a single center's experience.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, Cheryl L; Roman, Deborah; Garvey, Catherine; Kahn, Jeffrey; Matas, Arthur J

    2004-07-01

    At the University of Minnesota, we have defined 'nondirected donation' as organ donation by a volunteer who offered to donate an organ to anyone on the cadaver waiting list. From October 1, 1997, through October 31, 2003, we have had 360 inquiries about nondirected donation, have completed 42 detailed nondirected donor (NDD) evaluations for kidney donation, and have performed 22 NDD transplants. We herein review our program policies and how they have evolved, describe our evaluation and the motivation of our potential donors, summarize the outcome of NDD transplants, and raise issues requiring further attention and study. Our experience continues to support nondirected donation for kidney transplants.

  9. Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: Experience from a Single Center in Mexico.

    PubMed

    Al-Naamani, Nadine; Espitia H, Gaudalupe; Velazquez-Moreno, Hugo; Macuil-Chazaro, Benjamin; Serrano-Lopez, Arturo; Vega-Barrientos, Ricardo S; Hill, Nicholas S; Preston, Ioana R

    2016-04-01

    Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterized by precapillary pulmonary hypertension secondary to vaso-occlusive pulmonary vasculopathy and is classified as Pulmonary Hypertension Group 4. The aim of this study is to report the clinical experience of CTEPH in Mexico. Consecutive patients diagnosed with CTEPH were identified from the Registro de Pacientes con Hipertension Pulmonar del Instituto de Seguridad y Servicio Social de los Trabajadores del Estado (REPHPISSSTE) registry between January 2009 and February 2014. Right heart catheterization was not routinely performed prior to August 2010 in the work-up of CTEPH. We identified 50 patients with CTEPH; their median age was 63 years and 58 % were female. Patients had multiple associated co-morbidities and moderate hemodynamic impairment. All patients were treated with anticoagulation. Despite surgical evaluation for pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA), only one patient underwent PEA given the lack of infrastructure for post-operative care and lack of insurance for this procedure. Most of the patients were treated with sildenafil, bosentan, or both, with increasing use of rivaroxaban and sildenafil in recent years. The overall survival of the cohort was similar to that reported in other international registries, despite the limitations of care imposed by drug availability and surgical feasibility. This is the first report on the CTEPH experience in Mexico. It highlights the similarity of patients in the REPHPISSSTE registry to those in international registries as well as the challenges that clinicians face in a resource-limited setting.

  10. Robot-Assisted Cardiac Surgery Using the Da Vinci Surgical System: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Eung Re; Lim, Cheong; Kim, Dong Jin; Kim, Jun Sung; Park, Kay Hyun

    2015-01-01

    Background We report our initial experiences of robot-assisted cardiac surgery using the da Vinci Surgical System. Methods Between February 2010 and March 2014, 50 consecutive patients underwent minimally invasive robot-assisted cardiac surgery. Results Robot-assisted cardiac surgery was employed in two cases of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass, 17 cases of mitral valve repair, 10 cases of cardiac myxoma removal, 20 cases of atrial septal defect repair, and one isolated CryoMaze procedure. Average cardiopulmonary bypass time and average aorta cross-clamping time were 194.8±48.6 minutes and 126.1±22.6 minutes in mitral valve repair operations and 132.0±32.0 minutes and 76.1±23.1 minutes in myxoma removal operations, respectively. During atrial septal defect closure operations, the average cardiopulmonary bypass time was 128.3±43.1 minutes. The median length of stay was between five and seven days. The only complication was that one patient needed reoperation to address bleeding. There were no hospital mortalities. Conclusion Robot-assisted cardiac surgery is safe and effective for mitral valve repair, atrial septal defect closure, and cardiac myxoma removal surgery. Reducing operative time depends heavily on the experience of the entire robotic surgical team. PMID:25883892

  11. Bioresorbable vascular scaffold thrombosis in an all-comer patient population: single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Azzalini, Lorenzo; L'Allier, Philippe L

    2015-02-01

    Experience with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) outside clinical trials is scarce, and data from "real-world" use are needed. In particular, there are few data on scaffold thrombosis (ST). We report our experience with ST in our all-comer BVS population (n = 339) and review the literature on the topic. Four cases (1.2%) of early definite ST were identified. Multiple risk factors were present in all 4 cases. Optical coherence tomography ruled out mechanical causes of ST in 2 cases, whereas scaffold underexpansion was observed in 1 case. Twelve BVS series have been published to date. Total sample size includes 1393 patients, with 13 cases of definite ST (0.9%), which is similar to long-term second-generation drug-eluting stent thrombosis rate (1.0%). Eleven of these cases were early ST (8 during the first week). Six of these 11 cases occurred in patients who received a BVS in the setting of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). It can be speculated that the prothrombotic milieu of ACS, coupled with the unfavorable peristrut rheology of BVSs, might promote ST early after implantation, particularly if other concomitant risk factors are present.

  12. Abdominal aorta aneurysms in children: single-center experience of six patients.

    PubMed

    Ye, Caisheng; Yin, Henghui; Lin, Ying; Zhou, Li; Ye, Runyi; Li, Xiaoxi; Han, Anjia; Wang, Shenming

    2012-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are rare in children and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality as in adults. We summarize our experience in the diagnosis and management of AAAs in 6 children at a single institution. The clinical data of 6 pediatric patients with AAAs treated at our hospital from November 2005 to November 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 males and 2 females with a mean age at diagnosis of 8 years (range, 17 months to 18 years). All patients presented with pulsatile abdominal masses. Color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomography angiography were the primary diagnostic tools. One patient has a history of tuberous sclerosis, and 1 had Takayasu's arteritis; no risk factors or identifiable causes were found in the other patients. All of the AAAs identified were infrarenal. Surgical reconstruction with aneurysm resection and prosthetic graft placement was performed successfully in all 6 cases. No intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred. Mean follow-up has been 48 months (range, 32 to 69). In 1 patient, recurrence was noted at 3 years postoperatively. The patient's family declined further surgery, and the patient died, likely of rupture of the aneurysm at 41 months postoperatively. All other patients are currently alive and well. Our experience indicates that good outcomes can be obtained in children with AAAs with prompt and accurate diagnosis and surgical management with artificial grafts. Copyright © 2012 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Effectiveness and properties of the biological prosthesis Permacol™ in pediatric surgery: A large single center experience.

    PubMed

    Filisetti, Claudia; Costanzo, Sara; Marinoni, Federica; Vella, Claudio; Klercy, Catherine; Riccipetitoni, Giovanna

    2016-05-01

    The use of prosthetic patches of non-absorbable materials represents a valid tool in the treatment of abdominal wall and diaphragmatic defects in pediatric age. In recent years research has developed biological dermal scaffolds made from a sheet of acellular matrix that can provide the desired support and reduce the occurrence of complications from non-absorbable implant. We present our experience and a systematic review to evaluate the use of biologic prosthesis for abdominal wall closure in pediatric patients. The study from January 2009 to January 2015 involved 20 patients treated with Permacol™ implant. We observed postoperative complications only in patients treated for abdominal wall closure, which is the major indication for the use of Permacol™. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis (according to PRISMA) on PubMed/Medline, Scopus and EMBASE regarding the use of biological prosthesis in pediatric population considering the incidence of complications as the primary outcome. 3/20 patients experienced complications: 2 patients with skin necrosis healed conservatively and 1 of them developed laparocele. Thus only 1 patient with incisional hernia had significant surgery complication. In patients who were permanently implanted with Permacol™ it has not determined adverse reactions with optimal functional outcome. In accordance with the few data (case reports and case series) reported in literature about pediatric patients, our experience in different pathologies and applications has shown the effectiveness of Permacol™, in particular for the non-occurrence of infections, that often affect the use of prosthesis.

  14. Robot-assisted cardiac surgery using the da vinci surgical system: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Kim, Eung Re; Lim, Cheong; Kim, Dong Jin; Kim, Jun Sung; Park, Kay Hyun

    2015-04-01

    We report our initial experiences of robot-assisted cardiac surgery using the da Vinci Surgical System. Between February 2010 and March 2014, 50 consecutive patients underwent minimally invasive robot-assisted cardiac surgery. Robot-assisted cardiac surgery was employed in two cases of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass, 17 cases of mitral valve repair, 10 cases of cardiac myxoma removal, 20 cases of atrial septal defect repair, and one isolated CryoMaze procedure. Average cardiopulmonary bypass time and average aorta cross-clamping time were 194.8±48.6 minutes and 126.1±22.6 minutes in mitral valve repair operations and 132.0±32.0 minutes and 76.1±23.1 minutes in myxoma removal operations, respectively. During atrial septal defect closure operations, the average cardiopulmonary bypass time was 128.3±43.1 minutes. The median length of stay was between five and seven days. The only complication was that one patient needed reoperation to address bleeding. There were no hospital mortalities. Robot-assisted cardiac surgery is safe and effective for mitral valve repair, atrial septal defect closure, and cardiac myxoma removal surgery. Reducing operative time depends heavily on the experience of the entire robotic surgical team.

  15. GEMINI-TITAN (GT)-III - WEIGHTLESSNESS EXPERIMENT - AMES RESEARCH CENTER (ARC), CA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1965-03-19

    S65-18766 (March 1965) --- Diagram of experiment planned for the Gemini-Titan 3 mission scheduled on March 23, 1965, to find out if there are effects of weightlessness on individual living cells. The round canister (top) shows the experiment package. It will contain eight identical chambers, each with sections of sperm, eggs and fixative. Cells are eggs of the spiny, black sea animal, the sea urchin. Bottom panel shows the three stages of each chamber. From left in the first stage, sperm, eggs and fixative are separated. By turning the handle, astronauts will fertilize a certain portion of the eggs, which will begin to divide. At 20 minutes after launch, further turns of the handle will force fixative into two chambers and stop cell division. At 70 minutes after launch, cell division in four more chambers will be stopped, and just prior to re-entry, growth of the remaining two chambers will be terminated by a turn of the handle. This system will allow study after the flight of how cells divided after various time periods in weightlessness. Abnormalities would suggest weightlessness effects on living tissue and possible hazard to prolonged manned spaceflight.

  16. Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: Experience from a Single Center in Mexico

    PubMed Central

    Al-Naamani, Nadine; Espitia H, Gaudalupe; Velazquez-Moreno, Hugo; Macuil-Chazaro, Benjamin; Serrano-Lopez, Arturo; Vega-Barrientos, Ricardo S.; Hill, Nicholas S.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterized by precapillary pulmonary hypertension secondary to vaso-occlusive pulmonary vasculopathy and is classified as Pulmonary Hypertension Group 4. The aim of this study is to report the clinical experience of CTEPH in Mexico. Methods Consecutive patients diagnosed with CTEPH were identified from the Registro de Pacientes con Hipertension Pulmonar del Instituto de Seguridad y Servicio Social de los Trabajadores del Estado (REPHPISSSTE) registry between January 2009 and February 2014. Right heart catheterization was not routinely performed prior to August 2010 in the work-up of CTEPH. Results We identified 50 patients with CTEPH; their median age was 63 years and 58 % were female. Patients had multiple associated co-morbidities and moderate hemodynamic impairment. All patients were treated with anticoagulation. Despite surgical evaluation for pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA), only one patient underwent PEA given the lack of infrastructure for post-operative care and lack of insurance for this procedure. Most of the patients were treated with sildenafil, bosentan, or both, with increasing use of rivaroxaban and sildenafil in recent years. The overall survival of the cohort was similar to that reported in other international registries, despite the limitations of care imposed by drug availability and surgical feasibility. Conclusion This is the first report on the CTEPH experience in Mexico. It highlights the similarity of patients in the REPHPISSSTE registry to those in international registries as well as the challenges that clinicians face in a resource-limited setting. PMID:26748498

  17. Attending an activity center: positive experiences of a group of home-dwelling persons with early-stage dementia

    PubMed Central

    Söderhamn, Ulrika; Aasgaard, Live; Landmark, Bjørg

    2014-01-01

    Background In Norway, there is a focus on home-dwelling people with dementia receiving the opportunity to participate in organized meaningful activities. The aim of this study was to elucidate the experiences of home-dwelling persons with early-stage dementia who attend an activity center and participate in adapted physical and social activities delivered by nurses and volunteers. Methods The study adopted a qualitative approach, with individual interviews conducted among eight people diagnosed with early-stage dementia. The interview texts were analyzed using manifest and latent content analysis. Results Four categories, ie, “appreciated activities”, “praised nurses and volunteers”, “being more active”, and “being included in a fellowship”, as well as the overall theme “participation in appreciated activities and a sense of feeling included in a fellowship may have a positive influence on health and well-being” emerged in the analysis. The informants appreciated the adapted physical and social activities and expressed their enjoyment and gratitude. They found the physical activities useful, and they felt themselves to be included in a fellowship through cheerful nurses and volunteers. The nurses were able to create a good atmosphere and spread joy in the center together with the volunteers. The informants felt themselves valued as the persons they were. These findings indicated that such activities may have had a positive influence on the informants’ health and well-being. Conclusion In order to succeed with this kind of activity center, it is decisive that the nurses are able to tailor meaningful activities and create an environment where the persons with dementia can feel that they are respected and valued. The municipality health care service should implement such activity centers with specialist nurses in dementia care together with volunteers. PMID:25419121

  18. Using a Discrete Choice Conjoint Experiment to Engage Stakeholders in the Design of an Outpatient Children's Health Center.

    PubMed

    Cunningham, Charles E; Niccols, Alison; Rimas, Heather; Robicheau, Randi; Anderson, Colleen; DeVries, Bart

    2016-01-01

    To engage users in the design of a regional child and youth health center. The perspective of users should be an integral component of a patient-centered, evidence-based approach to the design of health facilities. We conducted a discrete choice conjoint experiment (DCE), a method from marketing research and health economics, as a component of a strategy to engage users in the preconstruction planning process. A sample of 467 participants (290 staff and 177 clients or community stakeholders) completed the DCE. Latent class analysis identified three segments with different design preferences. A group we termed an enhanced design (57%) segment preferred a fully featured facility with personal contacts at the start of visits (in-person check-in, personal waiting room notification, volunteer-assisted wayfinding, and visible security), a family resource center with a health librarian, and an outdoor playground equipped with covered heated pathways. The self-guided design segment (11%), in contrast, preferred a design allowing a more independent use of the facility (e.g., self-check-in at computer kiosks, color-coded wayfinding, and a self-guided family resource center). Designs affording privacy and personal contact with staff were important to the private design segment (32%). The theme and decor of the building was less important than interactive features and personal contacts. A DCE allowed us to engage users in the planning process by estimating the value of individual design elements, identifying segments with differing views, informing decisions regarding design trade-offs, and simulating user response to design options.

  19. Contrast ultrasound in hepatocellular carcinoma at a tertiary liver center: First Indian experience

    PubMed Central

    Laroia, Shalini Thapar; Bawa, Simranjeet Singh; Jain, Deepak; Mukund, Amar; Sarin, Shiv

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To assess the role of contrast enhanced ultrasonography in evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at the first Indian tertiary liver center. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) examinations over 24 mo for diagnosis, surveillance, characterization and follow up of 50 patients in the context of HCC was performed. The source and indication of referrals, change in referral rate, accuracy and usefulness of CEUS in a tertiary liver center equipped with a 64 slice dual energy computer tomography (CT) and 3 tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were studied. Sonovue (BR1, Bracco, Italy, a second generation contrast agent) was used for contrast US studies. Contrast enhanced CT/MRI or both were performed in all patients. The findings were taken as a baseline reference and correlation was done with respect to contrast US. Contrast enhanced MRI was performed using hepatocyte specific gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA). Iomeron (400 mg; w/v) was used for dynamic CT examinations. RESULTS: About 20 (40%) of the examinations were referred from clinicians for characterization of a mass from previous imaging. About 15 (30%) were performed for surveillance in chronic liver disease; 5 (10%) examinations were performed for monitoring lesions after radiofrequency ablation (RFA); 3 (6%) were post trans-arterial chemo-embolization (TACE) assessments and 3 (6%) were patients with h/o iodinated contrast allergy. About 2 (4%) were performed on hemodynamically unstable patients in the intensive care with raised alpha fetoprotein and 2 (4%) patients were claustrophobic. The number of patients referred from clinicians steadily increased from 12 in the first 12 mo of the study to 38 in the last 12 mo. CEUS was able to diagnose 88% of positive cases of HCC as per reference standards. In the surveillance group, specificity was 53.3% vs 100% by CT/MRI. Post RFA and TACE specificity of lesion characterization by CEUS was 100% in single/large mass

  20. Retroperitoneal bleeding after cardiac catheterization: a 7-year descriptive single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Eisen, Alon; Kornowski, Ran; Vaduganathan, Muthiah; Lev, Eli; Vaknin-Assa, Hana; Bental, Tamir; Orvin, Katia; Brosh, David; Rechavia, Eldad; Battler, Alexander; Assali, Abid

    2013-01-01

    Retroperitoneal bleeding (RPB) is an unusual but potentially fatal vascular complication occurring after cardiac catheterization (CC). Contemporary data of RPB in the era of dual antiplatelet therapy and vascular closure devices are lacking. We retrospectively examined all RPB cases that occurred after CC in the Rabin Medical Center between the years 2005 and 2011. Of 26,487 patients who underwent CC, a total of 48 patients (mean age 60.9 ± 13.8 years, 52.1% female) with RPB were identified (0.18%). The indication for CC was acute coronary syndrome (43.7%), myocardial infarction (35.4%), stable angina pectoris (8.3%), hemodynamic studies for valvular heart disease (10.4%) and others (2.1%). Coronary intervention was performed in 34 patients (70.9%) and a vascular closure device (VCD) was used in 16 patients (33.3%). Seventy-seven percent of patients were treated with clopidogrel, 20.8% with glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitors and 85.4% with anticoagulation during CC. Median time to diagnosis of bleeding was 9.0 h, while the median time to bleeding differed between patients with and without a VCD (12 vs. 5 h, respectively). The clinical presentation of RPB was hemorrhagic shock in 39.6% of patients and 50.0% required at least one blood transfusion. Patients were managed either with conservative treatment (79.2%), angiography stenting (14.6%) or vascular surgery (6.2%). A total of 3 patients died during hospitalization, of which RPB was the etiology in 2 (4.2%). RPB which is a rare complication of CC is associated with younger age and female gender, as compared to patients without RPB. Onset of bleeding can be delayed in patients with VCDs. With careful and early diagnosis, most patients with RPB after CC can be managed conservatively. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  1. Febrile neutropenia in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Özdemir, Nihal; Tüysüz, Gülen; Çelik, Nigar; Yantri, Leman; Erginöz, Ethem; Apak, Hilmi; Özkan, Alp; Yıldız, İnci; Celkan, Tiraje

    2016-01-01

    Aim: An important life-threatening complication of intensive chemotherapy administered in children with leukemia is febrile neutropenia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and consequences of febrile neutropenia attacks in children who were treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Material and Methods: Nighty-six children who received chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in our center between January 1995 and December 2010 were included in the study. The data related to demographic characteristics, treatment features, relapse and febrile neutropenia incidences, risk factors, culture results and prognosis were retrospectively evaluated from the patients’ files. Results: A total of two hundred-ninety nine febrile neutropenia attacks observed in the patients during initial treatment and relapse treatment were evaluated. When the incidence of febrile neutropenia was evaluated by years, it was observed that the patients treated after year 2000 had statistically significantly more febrile neutopenia attacks compared to the patients treated before year 2000. When the incidences of febrile neutropenia during initial treatment and during relapse treatment were compared, it was observed that more febrile neutropenia attacks occured during relapse treatment. Fifty-nine percent of all febrile neutropenia attacks were fever of unknown origin. Eighty microorganisms grew in cultures during febrile neutropenia throughout treatment in 75 patients; 86% were bacterial infections (50% gram positive and 50% gram negative), 8% were viral infections and 6% were fungal infections. Coagulase negative staphylococcus (n=17) was the most frequent gram positive pathogen; E. Coli (n=17) was the most commonly grown gram negative pathogen. Conclusions: In this study, it was found that an increase in the incidence of febrile neutropenia occured in years. Increments in treatment intensities increase the incidence of febrile neutropenia while improving

  2. Postoperative Bleeding After Change in Heparin Supplier: A Cardiothoracic Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Bojan, Mirela; Fischer, Andreas; Narayanasamy, Ashok; Yea, Paul; Dunnett, Eleanor; Kelleher, Andrea

    2017-02-16

    Unfractionated heparin is a mixture of glycosaminoglycans with different pharmacologic and pharmacokinetic properties. The literature suggests that blood loss after cardiac surgery is related to both elevated postoperative heparin concentrations and the potency of different heparin brands. An audit of the observed increase in the incidence of cardiac surgery-related bleeding after change in heparin supplier. Patient characteristics were compared between groups before and after a change in heparin brands. Tertiary cardiothoracic center. All patients undergoing cardiac surgery between August 1, 2011, and April 30, 2012. None. Two hundred eighty patients underwent surgery before a change in heparin brands and 216 after a change. Their preoperative and intraoperative characteristics were similar. Postoperative chest tube drainages and blood transfusions were significantly greater after the change in heparin brands (postoperative chest drainage 476.8 ± 393.1 v 344.8 ± 323.2 mL/6 h and 1,062.2 ± 738.8 v 841.8 ± 567.4 mL/24 h, respectively; both p < 0.001) despite the administration of larger amounts of protamine, fresh frozen plasma/platelet transfusions, and cryoprecipitate. Heparin recirculation within 24 hours of bypass was noted in about 70% of the samples tested using either anti-factor X activity or the thromboelastography ratio between nonheparinase R and heparinase-modified R and was not associated with the heparin brand. The likelihood ratio chi-square test for nested models identified an added predictive value of the heparin brand when included as a predictor of bleeding (chest drainage >800 mL/6 h) in a model comprising recirculation, assessed using either an elevated anti-factor X activity or ratio between nonheparinase R and heparinase-modified R. It is likely that the observed increase in postoperative bleeding was related to the pharmacologic properties of the new heparin brand rather than a higher incidence of heparin recirculation. Copyright © 2017

  3. Peripheral blood progenitor uncontrolled-rate freezing: a single pediatric center experience.

    PubMed

    Iannalfi, Alberto; Bambi, Franco; Tintori, Veronica; Lacitignola, Laura; Bernini, Gabriella; Mariani, Maria Pia; Sanvito, Maria Chiara; Pagliai, Francesca; Brandigi, Francesco; Muscarella, Elisa; Tapinassi, Francesca; Faulkner, Lawrence

    2007-12-01

    Controlled-rate freezing (CRF) followed by storage in liquid nitrogen is employed by most centers as the standard procedure for peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) cryopreservation. Uncontrolled-rate freezing (URF) at -80 degrees C is more simple, time-saving, less expensive, and, possibly, as effective as CRF. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to compare CRF and URF in childhood transplantation. A total of 54 PBPC transplants performed in 39 children aged 3 to 16 years (median, 9.5 years) were analyzed: 23 transplants in 16 children with CRF versus 31 transplants performed in 23 children with -80 degrees C URF. All grafts contained at least 2 x 10(6) per kg unselected CD34+ cells, enumerated before freezing. Nucleated cells infused ranged from 1.32 x 10(8) to 4.3 x 10(8) per mL with a median of 3.1 x 10(8) per mL. Cryoprotectant solution consisted of a final dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) concentration of 10 percent DMSO with autologous plasma. The two study groups did not differ in terms of timing of neutrophil and platelet recovery or transfusion requirements. Adverse events related to graft infusion, severe complications, and transplant-related mortality were not significantly different between CRF and URF groups. In both groups only mild adverse events were observed during graft administration. URF procedures, however, were simpler and less expensive. At a median follow-up of 72 months, no secondary myelodysplasia was observed in either group. Our analysis suggests that URF is safe and effective in the pediatric population.

  4. Clinical and laboratory profile of primary hyperparathyroidism in Kashmir Valley: A single-center experience

    PubMed Central

    Misgar, Raiz Ahmad; Dar, Parvez Mohiuddin; Masoodi, Shariq Rashid; Ahmad, Munir; Wani, Khursheed Alam; Wani, Arshad Iqbal; Bashir, Mir Iftikhar

    2016-01-01

    Background: Although primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has become an asymptomatic disease in the West, in India, PHPT is still an uncommonly diagnosed, overtly symptomatic disease with skeletal, muscular, and renal manifestations. Aims: To describe the profile and surgical outcome of 78 consecutive PHPT patients over a period of two decades at a single center. Materials and Methods: All patients who underwent evaluation and surgery for PHPT from January 1996 to December 2015 were included. Evaluation included measurement of serum total calcium, inorganic phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, intact parathyroid hormone, 25-hydroxy Vitamin D, 24 hour urinary calcium and radiological survey. Ultrasonography neck and technetium-99m sestamibi scan were used for preoperative localization. Results: A total of 78 patients were identified during the two decades of whom 29 patients were studied retrospectively and 49 patients prospectively. Mean age of patients was 44.72 ± 12.46, and male:female ratio was 1:6. The most common presenting features were nephrolithiasis and/or nephrocalcinosis (64.10%), bone pain (44.1%), abdominal pain (39%), constipation (26%), and myopathy (14.10%). Fractures were present only in 10.25%, and brown tumors in 6.41% patients. The cure rate in our series was 96.15%. The mean parathyroid gland weight was 2.05 ± 3.03 g. None of the 41 patients in whom long-term follow-up was available, had recurrence of PHPT. Conclusions: The profile of PHPT is changing with older age at presentation, and emergence of renal stone disease and decline in overt skeletal disease as common presentation. The parathyroid weight in our study resembles that reported from developed countries. PMID:27730083

  5. Predictors of positive esophagogastroduodenoscopy outcomes in children and adolescents: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Lyons, Hernando; Zhang, Ying; Szpunar, Susan; Dharmaraj, Rajmohan

    2017-07-28

    Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) has become a key element in the diagnosis and therapy of many gastrointestinal diseases affecting children. The aim of this study was to evaluate predictors of positive outcomes in children undergoing their first diagnostic EGD with biopsies at a single center. This retrospective study was based on findings from existing EGD and histopathological reports. All procedures were performed between July 2006 and July 2013. Details of each patient's clinical presentation and EGD were abstracted from medical records to determine the predictors of positive EGD outcomes. A total of 1133 records of patients between the ages of 0 and 18 years old were evaluated. Of these patients, 51.5% (n = 573) were female and 24.5% (n = 278) were younger than 4 years old. The mean age at the time of EGD was 9.6 ± 5.7 years (mean ± standard deviation). The most common indications for the procedure were abdominal pain (54.9%) and emesis (31.9%). The overall prevalence of any endoscopic abnormality was 54.5% and the overall prevalence of any histological abnormality was 59.1%. A multivariate logistic regression found that patients 12 years or older (odds ratio, OR = 1.46; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.31-1.63), African-American race (OR = 2.20; 95% CI 1.45-3.34), dysphagia (OR = 1.96; 95% CI 1.28-3.00) and positive celiac antibodies (OR = 2.25; 95% CI 1.52-3.34) were all significant independent predictors of a positive EGD outcome. Several clinical variables were found to be independent predictors of positive EGD outcomes in children and adolescents. Prospective studies using standardized definitions of clinical variables and endoscopy outcomes are needed to further understand predictors of positive EGDs.

  6. Impact of office hysteroscopy in repeated implantation failure: Experience of a single center

    PubMed Central

    Pabuçcu, Emre Göksan; Yalçın, İbrahim; Bodur, Taylan; Çağlar, Gamze Sinem; Pabuçcu, Recai

    2016-01-01

    Objective Repeated implantation failure (RIF) is a clinical entity affecting many couples undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART). Various intrauterine pathologies contribute to RIF. Nevertheless, vaginal sonography and hysterosalpingography, which are the common diagnostic tools for the initial follow-up, have limited sensitivities. In this context, we aimed to evaluate the impact of office hysteroscopy (oHS) on live birth rates (LBRs) when performed prior to subsequent ART cycles in women with a history of RIF. Material and Methods The database of an assisted reproduction center was retrospectively reviewed to detect eligible cases. A total of 363 women out of 2875 admissions were consecutively included in the analysis, of which 119 formed the oHS group and 244 formed the non-oHS group prior to a new ART cycle. Women in the oHS arm were examined during their early follicular phase via a vaginoscopic approach 1–6 months before the beginning of a new cycle. The standard in-vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycle was applied to all the women. Results In the oHS group (n=119), 61 patients had intrauterine abnormalities, with an overall abnormality rate of 51.2%. Implantation, pregnancy, and LBRs of the groups were statistically similar. LBRs of the women with abnormal oHS findings (15/61, 24.5%), with normal oHS findings (14/58, 24.1%), and without oHS (39/244, 16%) were statistically similar (p=0.41). Conclusion Unrecognized intrauterine pathologies can be easily detected and concurrently treated during oHS with high success rate. However, a beneficial impact depends on the extent of the pathology and thus, routine application to enhance reproductive outcomes is still not warranted. PMID:27990088

  7. Evaluating embolic reduction techniques concurrent to infrainguinal interventions: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Makam, Prakash

    2014-06-01

    To report a single-center retrospective evaluation of embolic reduction strategies concurrent to infrainguinal atherectomy intervention. Fifty-five consecutive atherectomy patients from 2011 to 2012 treated with embolic reduction devices were analyzed. Embolic load was stratified by lesion type, atherectomy technique, debris capture effectiveness, and risk factor characteristics. Over 80% of lesions were complex. Baseline stenosis and average lesion length were 94.2 ± 6.4% and 172.8 ± 85.5 mm, respectively. Our embolic reduction strategy included a systematic approach using the Proteus device in all cases and then in combination with the SpiderFX for long or complex lesions. Debris was analyzed for count and aggregate surface area. Procedural success was 98.2%, with no in-hospital serious adverse events. The mean aggregated surface area of captured debris was 22 ± 20 mm². Thrombolysis with laser produced the highest amount of embolic load followed by laser, directional, and orbital atherectomy procedures (P<.05). Patients with restenotic/in-stent restenotic lesions produced larger amounts of debris (P<.05). No embolizations were recorded up to discharge. Proteus accounted for two-thirds of the debris captured in our study; its capture efficiency increased as device and lesion length met. An inverse relation was also found between lesion length and embolic protection device capture efficacy (TASC-II B vs D; P<.02). An embolic reduction strategy using the Proteus catheter alone, particularly when Proteus and lesion lengths meet, or with the SpiderFX in complex infrainguinal atherectomy procedures, can be an effective tool. Current findings suggest potential optimization of future "at risk" interventions.

  8. Gamma Knife Radiosurgery in Sphenopetroclival Meningiomas: Preliminary Experience at the Iran Gamma Knife Center.

    PubMed

    Azar, Maziar; Kazemi, Farid; Chanideh, Iran; Amirjamshidi, Abbas; Amini, Elahe; Ghanavati, Pedram

    2016-09-01

    The aims of this study were to characterize the epidemiologic, histologic, and radiologic aspects of sphenopetroclival meningiomas (SpPCMs) and to evaluate the outcome of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) either as an adjunct to microsurgery or as a primary SpPCM treatment modality. In this retrospective study, medical records of patients with SpPCM who underwent GKRS at the Iran Gamma Knife Center between April 2003 and March 2012 were analyzed. We assessed 122 patients with SpPCMs, including 101 women and 21 men, aged 24-94 years. The mean tumor volume was 12.24 ± 9.30 mL. Patients received 22.32 ± 3.29 Gy and 13.18 ± 1.02 Gy maximal and average marginal dose of GKRS, respectively. The most common complaint was visual impairment, followed by facial sensory impairment and headache. The most frequently involved cranial nerves were III, IV, and VI in 72.1% of patients, followed by II in 52.9%, and V in 35.5%. After radiosurgery, headaches improved in 90.0%, diplopia in 75.0%, and ptosis in 63.0% of patients. On magnetic resonance imaging, tumor size was reduced, unchanged, or increased in 77, 44, and 1 patient, respectively. Progression-free survival at the 5-year follow-up was 56.6%. Younger age (hazard ratio = 0.972, P = 0.011) and lower tumor volume (hazard ratio = 0.959, P = 0.009) were the main prognostic factors for progression-free survival. GKRS can be an effective alternative treatment for controlling the progression of SpPCM tumors, producing appropriate clinical outcomes and few complications. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia: experience from a single referral center in Mexico City

    PubMed Central

    Manuel, Anguiano-Alvarez Victor; Amir, Carmona Gonzalez Carlos; Sergio, Rodriguez-Rodriguez; Allan, Pomerantz; Xavier, Lopez-Karpovitch; Juventina, Tuna-Aguilar Elena

    2017-01-01

    Background Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is characterized by an autoimmune-mediated destruction of red blood cells. Warm AIHA (wAIHA) represents 60% of AIHA cases and is associated with the positive detection of IgG and C3d in the direct antiglobulin test (DAT). This study aimed to assess the clinical and laboratorial differences between primary and secondary wAIHA patients from a referral center in Mexico City. Methods All patients diagnosed with wAIHA in our institution from January 1992 to December 2015 were included and received corticosteroids as the first-line treatment. We analyzed the response to the first-line treatment, relapse-free survival, and time to splenectomy. Results Eighty-nine patients were included. Secondary wAIHA represented 55.1% of the cases. At diagnosis, secondary wAIHA patients showed a DAT mixed pattern more frequently than primary wAIHA patients (36.7 vs. 17.5%, P<0.001). In the survival analysis, patients with secondary wAIHA had a lower time to response (18 vs. 37 days, P=0.05), median disease-free survival (28.51 vs. 50.95 weeks, P=0.018), and time to splenectomy (43.5 vs. 61 wks, P=0.029) than those with primary wAIHA. Due to economic constraints, rituximab was considered as the third-line treatment in only two patients. Conclusion Secondary wAIHA may benefit from a longer low-dose steroid maintenance period mainly due to its shorter time to relapse and time to splenectomy than primary wAIHA. PMID:28401101

  10. Evaluation of Sensorimotor Nerve Damage in Patients with Maxillofacial Trauma; a Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Poorian, Behnaz; Bemanali, Mehdi; Chavoshinejad, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate sensorimotor nerve damage in patients with maxillofacial trauma referring to Taleghani hospital, Tehran, Iran Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during a 2-year period from 2014 to 2012 in Taleghani hospital of Tehran. We included a total number of 495 patients with maxillofacial trauma referring to our center during the study period. The demographic information, type of fracture, location of fracture and nerve injuries were assessed and recorded in each patients. The frequency of sensorimotor injuries in these patients was recorded. Data are presented as frequencies and proportions as appropriate. Results: Overall we included 495 patients with maxillofacial trauma with mean age of 31.5±13.8 years. There were 430 (86.9% men and in 65 (13.1%) women among the patients. The frequency of nerve injuries was 67.7% (336 patients). The mean age of the patients with nerve injuries was 33.4 ± 3.7 years. Marginal mandibular branch of facial nerve was the most common involved nerve being involved in 5 patients (1%). Regarding trigeminal nerve, the inferior alveolar branch (194 patients 39.1%) was the most common involved branch followed by infraorbital branch (135 patients 27.2%). Mandibular fracture was the most common injured bone being reported in 376 patient (75.9%) patients followed by zygomatic bone in 100 patient (20%). Conclusion: The most frequent fracture occurred in mandible followed by zygoma and the most injured nerve was inferior alveolar nerve followed by infraorbital branch of trigeminal nerve. In facial nerve the marginal branch was the most involved nerve. The frequency of nerve injury and the male to female ratio was higher in the current study compared to the literature. PMID:27331065

  11. Long Term Incidence of Secondary Malignancies Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: a Single Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Michelis, Fotios V; Kotchetkov, Rouslan; Grunwald, Rebecca M; Azeem, Aamir; Atenafu, Eshetu G; Lipton, Jeffrey H; Loach, David; Gupta, Vikas; Kuruvilla, John; Kim, Dennis D; Viswabandya, Auro; Deotare, Uday; Messner, Hans A

    2017-02-27

    To review the emergence of secondary malignancies (SM) in recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We documented the occurrence of SM in 2415 allogeneic HCT recipients, ages 18-71, in a single center over four decades. SM was seen in 209 patients, including 58 with non-metastatic squamous cell (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the skin. Cumulative incidence of SM was 6.3% at 10 years, 13.5% at 20 years and 17.6% at 30 years post-HCT. Median age at diagnosis of SM was 61 years (range 21-85). By multivariable analysis, older age at HCT was the only independent prognostic factor for SM (HR=1.39 for age 41-55 and HR=1.92 for age >55 compared to age ≤40, p=0.001). The rate of SM (excluding non-metastatic SCC/BCC of skin) after HCT was 2.07 times higher (p=0.01) compared to the general population. Overall survival (OS) following diagnosis of SM (excluding non-metastatic SCC/BCC of skin) was 58% at 5 years and 50% at 10 years post-diagnosis. ECOG score was the only independent predictor of OS on multivariable analysis, with over 2 fold increased risk of death for patients with an ECOG score of 1 and over 6 fold for ECOG 2-4, compared to ECOG score 0 (p<0.0001). Forty (19%) of the 209 patients diagnosed with SM subsequently developed another new malignancy. OS was 68% and 51% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. The survival of SM patients post-HCT is favorable, thus warranting diligent long-term cancer screening and standard of care treatment. ECOG status of these patients is a predominant prognostic factor.

  12. Cardiovascular disease in late survivors of tetralogy of fallot: a tertiary care center experience.

    PubMed

    Bradley, Elisa; Parker, Jeff; Novak, Eric; Ludbrook, Philip; Billadello, Joseph; Cedars, Ari

    2013-01-01

    Patients with tetralogy of Fallot can survive to late adulthood; however, there are few data on cardiovascular outcomes in this population. We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis of cardiovascular outcomes and risk factors in 208 patients with tetralogy of Fallot to better evaluate the burden of cardiovascular disease in this group. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the prevalence of relevant cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes, including a composite analysis of cardiovascular disease. Rates and mean values from the American Heart Association 2011 Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Update were used as population estimates for comparison. In tetralogy of Fallot patients, cardiovascular disease prevalence was not different from that found in the general population (40% vs. 36%, P=0.3). However, there was significantly more cardiovascular disease in tetralogy of Fallot men aged 20 to 39 years (30% vs. 14%, P < 0.05) and in tetralogy of Fallot men aged 40 to 59 years (63% vs. 29%, P < 0.0001). This was due to higher prevalence of coronary disease (12% vs. 7%, P < 0.05) and heart failure (16% vs. 2%, P < 0.0001). In particular, the increased prevalence of heart failure (regardless of pulmonary valve disease) accounts for the frequency of cardiovascular disease in tetralogy of Fallot men aged 20 to 59 years. These data support the need to routinely screen young adult male survivors of tetralogy of Fallot for asymptomatic heart failure. Further studies are needed to determine the incidence, severity, and long-term effects of cardiovascular disease in the adult congenital heart disease population.

  13. Mycetoma: experience of 482 cases in a single center in Mexico.

    PubMed

    Bonifaz, Alexandro; Tirado-Sánchez, Andrés; Calderón, Luz; Saúl, Amado; Araiza, Javier; Hernández, Marco; González, Gloria M; Ponce, Rosa María

    2014-08-01

    Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous disease. It is classified into eumycetoma caused by fungi and actinomycetoma due to filamentous actinomycetes. Mycetoma can be found in geographic areas in close proximity to the Tropic of Cancer. Mexico is one of the countries in which this disease is highly endemic. In this retrospective study we report epidemiologic, clinical and microbiologic data of mycetoma observed in the General Hospital of Mexico in a 33 year-period (1980 to 2013). A total of 482 cases were included which were clinical and microbiology confirmed. Four hundred and forty four cases (92.11%) were actinomycetomas and 38 cases (7.88%) were eumycetomas. Most patients were agricultural workers; there was a male predominance with a sex ratio of 3:1. The mean age was 34.5 years old (most ranged from 21 to 40 years). The main affected localization was lower and upper limbs (70.74% and 14.52% respectively). Most of the patients came from humid tropical areas (Morelos, Guerrero and Hidalgo were the regions commonly reported). The main clinical presentation was as tumor-like soft tissue swelling with draining sinuses (97.1%). Grains were observed in all the cases. The principal causative agents for actinomycetoma were: Nocardia brasiliensis (78.21%) and Actinomadura madurae (8.7%); meanwhile, for eumycetomas: Madurella mycetomatis and Scedosporium boydii (synonym: Pseudallescheria boydii) were identified. This is a single-center, with long-follow up, cross-sectional study that allows determining the prevalence and characteristics of mycetoma in different regions of Mexico.

  14. Mycetoma: Experience of 482 Cases in a Single Center in Mexico

    PubMed Central

    Bonifaz, Alexandro; Tirado-Sánchez, Andrés; Calderón, Luz; Saúl, Amado; Araiza, Javier; Hernández, Marco; González, Gloria M.; Ponce, Rosa María

    2014-01-01

    Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous disease. It is classified into eumycetoma caused by fungi and actinomycetoma due to filamentous actinomycetes. Mycetoma can be found in geographic areas in close proximity to the Tropic of Cancer. Mexico is one of the countries in which this disease is highly endemic. In this retrospective study we report epidemiologic, clinical and microbiologic data of mycetoma observed in the General Hospital of Mexico in a 33 year-period (1980 to 2013). A total of 482 cases were included which were clinical and microbiology confirmed. Four hundred and forty four cases (92.11%) were actinomycetomas and 38 cases (7.88%) were eumycetomas. Most patients were agricultural workers; there was a male predominance with a sex ratio of 3∶1. The mean age was 34.5 years old (most ranged from 21 to 40 years). The main affected localization was lower and upper limbs (70.74% and 14.52% respectively). Most of the patients came from humid tropical areas (Morelos, Guerrero and Hidalgo were the regions commonly reported). The main clinical presentation was as tumor-like soft tissue swelling with draining sinuses (97.1%). Grains were observed in all the cases. The principal causative agents for actinomycetoma were: Nocardia brasiliensis (78.21%) and Actinomadura madurae (8.7%); meanwhile, for eumycetomas: Madurella mycetomatis and Scedosporium boydii (synonym: Pseudallescheria boydii) were identified. This is a single-center, with long-follow up, cross-sectional study that allows determining the prevalence and characteristics of mycetoma in different regions of Mexico. PMID:25144462

  15. Early Carotid Endarterectomy Provides a Better Neurological Outcome in Symptomatic Patients: A Single-Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Varetto, Gianfranco; Gibello, Lorenzo; Sperti, Francesca; Trevisan, Alessandra; Frola, Edoardo; Garneri, Paolo; Rispoli, Pietro

    2017-05-22

    Many studies confirmed the role of early carotid endarterectomy (CEA) to prevent recurrent stroke or transient ischemic attack; however, the mid-long-term neurological benefit is still not completely investigated. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of early CEA on the perioperative and postoperative stroke/death complications of patients with a symptomatic carotid stenosis. Ninety consecutive patients were referred to our center for a symptomatic carotid stenosis. They were divided into 2 groups according to the time to surgery: G1 within 2 weeks (39 patients) and G2 from 2 weeks to thereafter (51 patients). Neurological assessment was performed with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at presentation and at follow-up. Echo color Doppler ultrasound was performed at 1-6 months and then yearly. The presentation of neurological symptoms differed significantly between the 2 groups; in fact, minor stroke was more frequent in G1, whereas transient ischemic attack was more frequent in G2 (P value = 0.027). No significant differences emerged between the 2 groups on the surgical intervention or perioperative complications. The study showed a significant improvement of the neurological impairment (evaluated with a reduction of NIHSS score) of patients in G1 compared with G2 (P value = 0.01). Neurological recovery after a symptomatic carotid stenosis is strictly correlated to the variable "time to surgery." A higher sensitization of the general population on the early recognition of the symptoms and a strict collaboration with neurologists is mandatory to reduce time to CEA and improve clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Hepatoblastoma: Transplant Versus Resection Experience in a Latin American Transplant Center

    PubMed Central

    Caicedo, Luis A.; Sabogal, Angie; Serrano, Oscar; Villegas, Jorge I.; Botero, Verónica; Agudelo, María T.; Lotero, Viviana; Dávalos, Diana; Manzi, Eliana; Aristizabal, Ana M.; Gomez, Catalina; Echeverri, Gabriel J.

    2017-01-01

    Background Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary malignant liver tumor in children and is usually diagnosed during the first 3 years of life. Overall survival has increased 50% due to chemotherapeutic schemes, expertise surgery centers, and liver transplantation. Methods A retrospective collection of data was performed from pediatric patients with diagnosis of hepatoblastoma. Variables included demographic, diagnostic tools and histological classification; chemotherapy and surgical treatment; and outcomes and patient survival. The PRETEXT classification was applied, which included the risk evaluation, and according to the medical criterion in an individualized way, underwent resection or transplant. The morbidity of patients was evaluated by the Clavien-Dindo classification. Statistical analysis was performed according to the distribution of data and the survival analysis was carried out using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results The patients (n = 16) were divided in a resection group (n = 8) and a transplant group (n = 8). The median age at the time of diagnosis was 13.5 months. The motive for the initial consultation was the discovery of a mass; all patients had high levels of α-fetoprotein and an imaging study. Ten of 16 patients required chemotherapy before the surgical procedure. In the resection group, 5 of 8 patients were classified as Clavien I and 4 of 8 patients of the transplant group were classified as Clavien II. Patient survival at 30 months was 100% in the resection group and 65% in the liver transplantation group. Conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first case report of pediatric patients with hepatoblastoma and liver resection or transplant in Colombia and Latin America. Our results are comparable with the series worldwide, showing that resection and transplant increase the survival of the pediatric patients with hepatoblastoma. It is important to advocate for an increase of reporting in the scientific literature in Latin America. PMID

  17. Early Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC) experience with Peripheral Vision Horizon Displays (PVHD)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schofield, B. L.

    1984-01-01

    Three separate Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC) tests were conducted in 1980 and 1981 on two models of the peripheral vision horizon displays (PVHD) (Malcolm Horizon). A fixed base simulator test was conducted with twenty test pilot subjects using the Flight Simulator Demonstration Model which incorporated a Helium Neon laser as the light bar medium. Two separate flight tests were conducted by the Test Pilot School classes 80A and 80B in a Twin Otter commuter aircraft using the Stage A Model PVHD. The Xenon lighted A Model was tested in its original configuration by class 80A. Class 80B used a modified configuration which incorporated an AFFTC designed and manufactured hood. With the hood, the PVHD projected a thinner, distinct light bar. Only a few general remarks concerning the tests and unrestricted, overall conclusions reached by the author are presented. The conclusions of all three AFFTC evaluations of the PVHD concept were that it has not yet been adequately evaluated. There seems to be a significant learning curve associated with the PVHD and the project pilots for Test Pilot School Class 80B only got a good start on the learning curve. A lengthy learning curve for the PVHD should be anticipated in view of the training period required for the attitude display indicator (ADI). This does seem to point out that the PVHD, in its present form, is simply not as compelling as the natural horizon. It can also be concluded that any attempt at a valid evaluation of the PVHD concept can be done only under instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) or validly simulated IMC conditions. The knee in the learning curve, however, may be reached without full IMC, although it may take much longer to reach.

  18. Coordination within medical neighborhoods: Insights from the early experiences of Colorado patient-centered medical homes.

    PubMed

    Alidina, Shehnaz; Rosenthal, Meredith; Schneider, Eric; Singer, Sara

    2016-01-01

    The term "medical neighborhood" refers to relationships that patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) seek to establish with other providers to facilitate coordinated patient care. Yet, how PCMHs can accomplish this coordination is not well understood. Drawing upon organizational theory (; ; ), we explored how PCMHs use coordination mechanisms to build and optimize their medical neighborhoods. We used mixed methods, blending data collected via interviews and surveys with practice leaders and care coordinators at 30 months after a PCMH collaborative intervention in Colorado as well as surveys from all providers from 13 PCMHs before and 30 months after the intervention. We used thematic analysis to understand the role and use of coordination mechanisms by PCMHs and changes in the ability to coordinate and deliver care continuity. PCMHs drew on four coordination mechanisms to build relationships with their medical neighbors: interorganizational routines to improve reliability of information flow; information connectivity to facilitate continuity and safe care; boundary spanners to integrate care across silos; and communication, negotiation, and decision mechanisms to introduce shared accountability. When providers were fairly confident of the patient's diagnosis and management required sequential interactions (such as tests or procedures), PCMHs tended to coordinate care through interorganizational routines and information connectivity. When a diagnosis was less certain and required reciprocal interaction (i.e., consultation), PCMHs employed boundary spanners and communication, negotiation, and decision mechanisms. Use of coordination mechanisms by PCMHs can help to improve care coordination in medical neighborhoods. All four mechanisms appear to be useful. The optimal mix of coordination mechanisms requires attention to patient context. Successfully building medical neighborhoods also requires meta-leaders, collaboration competencies, and high-quality relationships

  19. Safety of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Carotid Endarterectomy for Prevention of Restenosis: A Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Barboza, Miguel A.; Chang, José; Hernández, Alvaro; Martínez, Emmanuel; Fernández, Huberth; Quirós, Gerardo; Salazar, Johanna; Ramos-Esquivel, Allan; Maud, Alberto

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The incidence of recurrent carotid stenosis after carotid endarterectomy varies from 1% to 37% with only 0–8% symptomatic restenosis. Safety of short-term (30 days) dual-antiplatelet therapy has not been established in this type of procedure. Aims To investigate the safety of dual antiplatelet therapy after carotid endarterectomy to prevent restenosis. Methods We retrospectively identified all the patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy (symptomatic or asymptomatic) treated at our center between July 2010 and July 2013 according to local protocols. All patients received a dose of 100 mg of aspirin daily immediately after carotid endarterectomy, with subsequent 100 mg of aspirin daily for the rest of the study period, and some patients received 75 mg of Clopidogrel for 30 days starting immediately after surgical procedure (dual therapy group), assigned according to medical criteria. Duplex carotid ultrasound and clinical assessments were performed at 30 days and 1 year after the procedure. Results A total of 44 patients (71.2 ± 7.9 years old; 77.2% symptomatic) were analyzed; 35 of them with dual therapy (79.54%). At 30 days, two patients from the mono-therapy group developed restenosis (22.2%), compared to none in dual therapy group (p=0.04). At one year follow-up, only one patient from the dual group showed restenosis (p=0.10). No deaths, major bleeding or new strokes were reported in both groups. Conclusions Short-term dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel after carotid endarterectomy might be associated with a lower incidence of restenosis. This observation must be validated in a prospective trial. PMID:27829964

  20. Acute kidney injury and mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A single-center experience

    PubMed Central

    Sehgal, B.; George, P.; John, M. J.; Samuel, C.

    2017-01-01

    Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is a life-saving procedure for patients with several malignant and nonmalignant hematological disorders. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after HSCT. The aim of the study was to identify the incidence and outcomes of AKI associated with HSCT in our center. Sixty-six HSCT recipients from October 2008 to March 2014 at Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, were followed up till July 31, 2014. RIFLE criteria utilizing serum creatinine was used to diagnose and stage AKI. Mortality and AKI were the primary outcomes studied. The risk of AKI in relation to conditioning regimen, type of HSCT (allogeneic and autologous), co-morbidities, graft versus host disease, drug toxicity, and veno-occlusive disease were analyzed. Sixty-five patients were included in the study. Male: Female ratio was 3.6:1 with a median age of 17 years (1.5–62). Forty-nine (75.4%) patients had AKI over 3 months, R 17 (26.2%), I 19 (29.2%), and F 13 (20%). AKI occurred at a mean of 19.4 ± 29.2 days after the HSCT. AKI was more commonly observed in patients undergoing allogeneic versus autologous HSCT (85.2% in allogeneic vs. 27.8% in autologous, P = 0.005). Mortality was seen in 20 patients (30.8%) in 3 months. AKI in the first 2 weeks (P < 0.016) was a significant risk factor for mortality. Incidence of AKI in HSCT is high and accounts for significant mortality and morbidity. RIFLE classification of AKI has prognostic significance among HSCT patients with an incremental trend in mortality. PMID:28182036

  1. Immersion-related deaths in infants and children: autopsy experience from a specialist center.

    PubMed

    Bamber, Andrew R; Pryce, Jeremy W; Ashworth, Michael T; Sebire, Neil J

    2014-09-01

    To investigate the demographics, circumstances and autopsy findings in infants and children dying following immersion. A retrospective review of a pediatric autopsy database at a specialist center over a 16-year period (1995-2010) was undertaken to identify deaths between 7 days and 16 years of age in whom death occurred following immersion. 28 infants and children died following immersion during the study period. 82 % were aged <4 years, with peak age of death between 1 and 2 years. Immersion occurred at home in a bath or private pool in 70 % of cases. There was a lack of direct supervision in all but two cases where the information was recorded (91 %); one of these cases occurred in a public swimming lesson, and in the other the carer was incapacitated. Autopsy findings were non-specific. Facial or subconjunctival petechial hemorrhages were a feature of 18 % of cases. There was increased lung weight, or histological pulmonary edema/intra-alveolar hemorrhage in all but one case. The data suggest that the majority of pediatric immersion-related deaths were potentially preventable with appropriate supervision. The findings strongly support the role of education regarding adequate carer supervision of infants and children while bathing, particularly in children with underlying conditions such as epilepsy. As private pools and "hot tubs" become more common in the UK and other jurisdictions, specific recommendations such as fencing pools will need to be included in advice to carers. So-called 'dry drowning" appears to be an uncommon mechanism of death in this age group.

  2. Cardiovascular imaging trends in congenital heart disease: a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Han, B Kelly; Lesser, Andrew M; Vezmar, Marko; Rosenthal, Kristi; Rutten-Ramos, Stephanie; Lindberg, Jana; Caye, David; Lesser, John R

    2013-01-01

    Cardiac magn