Sample records for centolla lithodes santolla

  1. Extended hatching periods in the subantarctic lithodid crabs Lithodes santolla and Paralomis granulosa (Crustacea: Decapoda: Lithodidae)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thatje, S.; Calcagno, J. A.; Lovrich, G. A.; Sartoris, F. J.; Anger, K.


    Temporal pattern of hatching was studied in the subantarctic lithodid crabs Lithodes santolla (Molina) and Paralomis granulosa (Jaquinot) from the Argentine Beagle Channel. In both species, larval hatching occurred in low daily numbers over an extended period of up to several weeks, depending on hatch size. Low daily hatching activity and low oxygen-consumption rates in freshly hatched P. granulosa larvae are discussed as life history adaptations to, and/or physiological constraints by, the environmental conditions of high latitudes.

  2. Daily variations of the antioxidant defense system of the lithodid crab Lithodes santolla.


    Schvezov, Natasha; Lovrich, Gustavo A; Tapella, Federico; Romero, M Carolina


    Several physiological processes can induce daily variations in aerobic metabolism. Lithodes santolla is a decapod crustacean of special concern since it is a sub-Antarctic species of commercial interest. The aim of this work was to study in L. santolla the daily variations in levels of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation, and haemolymphatic pH. Males of L. santolla of commercial size were randomly dissected every 4 h during a period of 24 h. Enzymatic activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase and glutathione peroxidase were determined in samples of gills, muscle, hepatopancreas and haemolymph. Ascorbic acid, total glutathione, lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation were also determined in all tissues. Gills showed the highest enzymatic activity and hepatopancreas the highest concentration of non-enzymatic antioxidants. Maximum antioxidant activity was during the dark phase in gills and during the photophase in the haemolymph. Muscle showed significant daily variations, with peaks during the photophase and scotophase. Overall, an antioxidant protective mechanism is present in all tissues, where SOD and CAT represent the first line of defense. The defense mechanism in L. santolla seems to be more active during the dark phase, with slight differences among the analyzed tissues, indicating a higher metabolic rate.

  3. Larval development of the subantarctic king crabs Lithodes santolla and Paralomis granulosa reared in the laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calcagno, J. A.; Anger, K.; Lovrich, G. A.; Thatje, S.; Kaffenberger, A.


    The larval development and survival in the two subantarctic lithodid crabs Lithodes santolla (Jaquinot) and Paralomis granulosa (Molina) from the Argentine Beagle Channel were studied in laboratory cultures. In L. santolla, larval development lasted about 70 days, passing through three zoeal stages and the megalopa stage, with a duration of approximately 4, 7, 11 and 48 days, respectively. The larval development in P. granulosa is more abbreviated, comprising only two zoeal stages and the megalopa stage, with 6, 11 and 43 days' duration, respectively. In both species, we tested for effects of presence versus absence of food (Artemia nauplii) on larval development duration and survival rate. In P. granulosa, we also studied effects of different rearing conditions, such as individual versus mass cultures, as well as aerated versus unaerated cultures. No differences in larval development duration and survival were observed between animals subjected to those different rearing conditions. The lack of response to the presence or absence of potential food confirms, in both species, a complete lecithotrophic mode of larval development. Since lithodid crabs are of high economic importance in the artisanal fishery in the southernmost parts of South America, the knowledge of optimal rearing conditions for lithodid larvae is essential for future attempts at repopulating the collapsing natural stocks off Tierra del Fuego.

  4. The role of ontogeny in physiological tolerance: decreasing hydrostatic pressure tolerance with development in the northern stone crab Lithodes maja

    PubMed Central

    Munro, Catriona; Morris, James P.; Brown, Alastair; Hauton, Chris; Thatje, Sven


    Extant deep-sea invertebrate fauna represent both ancient and recent invasions from shallow-water habitats. Hydrostatic pressure may present a significant physiological challenge to organisms seeking to colonize deeper waters or migrate ontogenetically. Pressure may be a key factor contributing to bottlenecks in the radiation of taxa and potentially drive speciation. Here, we assess shifts in the tolerance of hydrostatic pressure through early ontogeny of the northern stone crab Lithodes maja, which occupies a depth range of 4–790 m in the North Atlantic. The zoea I, megalopa and crab I stages were exposed to hydrostatic pressures up to 30.0 MPa (equivalent of 3000 m depth), and the relative fold change of genes putatively coding for the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor-regulated protein 1 (narg gene), two heat-shock protein 70 kDa (HSP70) isoforms and mitochondrial Citrate Synthase (CS gene) were measured. This study finds a significant increase in the relative expression of the CS and hsp70a genes with increased hydrostatic pressure in the zoea I stage, and an increase in the relative expression of all genes with increased hydrostatic pressure in the megalopa and crab I stages. Transcriptional responses are corroborated by patterns in respiratory rates in response to hydrostatic pressure in all stages. These results suggest a decrease in the acute high-pressure tolerance limit as ontogeny advances, as reflected by a shift in the hydrostatic pressure at which significant differences are observed. PMID:26041343

  5. First records of Lithodes longispina Sakai, 1971 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Lithodidae) from southwestern Taiwan, including a site in the vicinity of a cold seep.


    Wang, Teng-Wei; Ahyong, Shane T; Chan, Tin-Yam


    Lithodid crabs (Lithodidae Samouelle, 1819), commonly known as king crabs, are frequent targets of commercial fishing worldwide with most of them living in deep water (Sakai 1971; Ahyong et al. 2010). Lithodes Latreille, 1806, is the second largest genus of lithodid crabs, currently including 29 species worldwide (Ahyong 2010). In Taiwanese waters, however, only two species, L. turritus Ortmann, 1892, and L. formosae Ahyong & Chan, 2010, have been reported (Wu et al. 1998; Ahyong & Chan 2010; Ahyong et al. 2010). We report herein the discovery of L. longispina Sakai, 1971, previously known reliably only from Japan (Sakai 1971; Ikeda 1998; Ahyong 2010), from off southwestern Taiwan, including a specimen collected in the vicinity of a cold seep.

  6. Rearing and growth of the Octopus Robsonella fontaniana (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) from planktonic hatchlings to benthic juveniles.


    Uriarte, Iker; Hernández, Jorge; Dörner, Jessica; Paschke, Kurt; Farías, Ana; Crovetto, Enzo; Rosas, Carlos


    Globally, octopus larviculture is one of the challenges faced in the attempt to diversify aquaculture and achieve cephalopod farming. Currently, only juveniles of Octopus vulgaris, Octopus joubini, and Enteroctopus dofleini have been obtained at an experimental level. This is the first study to look at the characteristics of planktonic and benthic Robsonella fontaniana juveniles in an effort to analyze the morphometric changes occurring during their planktonic and benthic phases and to explore the feasibility of obtaining settlement under controlled conditions. The morphometric measurements varied exponentially over time and did not show different tendencies before and after settlement. Mantle growth in relation to total length fit a logarithmic regression, whereas arm length and eye diameter increased linearly with respect to total length throughout the entire paralarval and juvenile periods. This suggests that the size of the mantle decreases with age in proportion to the total octopus length, whereas the organs more directly involved in catching prey tend to increase in direct proportion to the total length. The present study shows that R. fontaniana can be reared from hatching through the final paralarval stage on a diet of Lithodes santolla (king crab) zoeae; after settlement, the juveniles can be reared on a diet of crab such as Petrolisthes.

  7. 21 CFR 102.50 - Crabmeat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR


    ... Erimacrus isenbeckii Korean variety crabmeat or Kegani crabmeat. Lithodes aequispina Brown King crabmeat. Paralithodes brevipes King crabmeat or Hanasaki crabmeat. Paralithodes camtschaticus King crabmeat...

  8. 21 CFR 102.50 - Crabmeat.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR


    ... Erimacrus isenbeckii Korean variety crabmeat or Kegani crabmeat. Lithodes aequispina Brown King crabmeat. Paralithodes brevipes King crabmeat or Hanasaki crabmeat. Paralithodes camtschaticus King crabmeat...

  9. Two new cryptic and sympatric species of the king crab parasite Briarosaccus (Cirripedia: Rhizocephala) in the North Pacific

    PubMed Central

    Noever, Christoph; Olson, Andrew; Glenner, Henrik


    Rhizocephalan barnacles have been reported to parasitize a wide range of king crab species (Lithodidae). So far all these parasites have been assigned to a single species, Briarosaccus callosus Boschma, 1930, which is assumed to have a global distribution. Here we investigate Briarosaccus specimens from three different king crab hosts from the fjord systems of Southeastern Alaska: Lithodes aequispinus Benedict, 1895, Paralithodes camtschaticus (Tilesius, 1815), and Paralithodes platypus (Brandt, 1850). Using molecular markers and by morphological comparison we show that Briarosaccus specimens from these three commercial exploited king crabs are in fact morphologically distinct from B. callosus, and further represent two separate species which we describe. The two new species, Briarosaccus auratum n. sp. and B. regalis n. sp., are cryptic by morphological means and were identified as distinct species by the use of genetic markers (COI and 16S). They occur sympatrically, yet no overlap in king crab hosts occurs, with B. auratum n. sp. only found on L. aequispinus, and B. regalis n. sp. as parasite of the two Paralithodes hosts. PMID:26792948