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Sample records for chin ting-chuen pong

  1. Éponges filantes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Gennes, Pierre-Gilles

    Domingues Dos Santos et Ondarçuhu (1995) ont découvert les « gouttes filantes » contenant une solution de molécules réactives (chlorosilanes). Si une telle goutte est posée sur une surfae solide (verre, silice) comportant des groupes OH qui réagissent avec le silane, la goutte fuit les régions réagies de faible mouillabilité et se met en marche. Nous discutons ici le remplacement de la goutte par une « éponge » : particule de latex, ou caoutchouc, gonflée par le solvant. Deux cas sont envisagés : a) glissement d'une pastille donnant des vitesses 1 μm/s; b) roulement d'une sphère (donnant des vitesses comparables pour des particules de latex, mais plus élevées pour des sphères millimétriques de caoutchouc). Domingues Dos Santos and Ondarçuhu have discovered that certain droplets, containing a reactive solute (chlorosilane) move spontaneously on a glass surface. We discuss here the replacement of the drop by a "sponge": swollen latex or rubber particule. Two cases are considered: a) sliding of a flat sponge leading to velocities of order 1 μ/sec.; b) rolling of a sphere, giving comparable velocities for a latex particle, and larger velocities for millimetric rubber spheres.

  2. Chin augmentation - slideshow

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100009.htm Chin augmentation - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing features ... Bethesda, MD 20894 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Page last updated: ...

  3. Impact of a ping-pong ball

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cross, Rod

    2017-05-01

    Measurements are presented of the impact time, peak force and centre of mass displacement of a ping-pong ball impacting vertically on a hard, horizontal surface. The results are compared with a recent measurement described in this journal.

  4. Ping-pong auto-zero amplifier with glitch reduction

    DOEpatents

    Larson, Mark R.

    2008-01-22

    A ping-pong amplifier with reduced glitching is described. The ping-pong amplifier includes a nulling amplifier coupled to a switching network. The switching network is used to auto-zero a ping amplifier within a ping-pong amplifier. The nulling amplifier drives the output of a ping amplifier to a proper output voltage level during auto-zeroing of the ping amplifier. By being at a proper output voltage level, glitches associated with transitioning between a ping amplifier and a pong amplifier are reduced or eliminated.

  5. Launch Creativity with Ping-Pong Ball Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kornoelje, Joanne; Roman, Harry T.

    2011-01-01

    Educators at Thomas A. Edison Middle School have worked together to bring invention information and activities to life. One activity in particular, Ping-Pong Ball Invention Challenge, has proven a great success. The Ping-Pong Ball Invention Challenge was inspired by the basic rules for PBS's "Design Squad"'s "Pop Fly" activity. In this article,…

  6. Launch Creativity with Ping-Pong Ball Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kornoelje, Joanne; Roman, Harry T.

    2011-01-01

    Educators at Thomas A. Edison Middle School have worked together to bring invention information and activities to life. One activity in particular, Ping-Pong Ball Invention Challenge, has proven a great success. The Ping-Pong Ball Invention Challenge was inspired by the basic rules for PBS's "Design Squad"'s "Pop Fly" activity. In this article,…

  7. Chin force in violin playing.

    PubMed

    Obata, Satoshi; Kinoshita, Hiroshi

    2012-06-01

    Force generated between the left mandible of violinists and the chinrest of the violin was examined using a force-sensing chinrest developed in this study. A strain-gauge force sensor was built, and it was fixed between the violin's top plate and a chin cup. Fifteen professional/amateur violinists held the violin statically, played musical scales with different sound properties and sounding techniques, as well as an excerpt from a Max Bruch concerto. Peak and mean forces were evaluated for each task. In a separate experiment, lateral movement of the lower teeth due to different levels of voluntary chin force exertion was measured. Static holding forces observed were 15 and 22 N with and without the help of the left hand, respectively. Peak force increased from 16 N at soft dynamics to 20 N at strong dynamics during scales. The force further increased to 29 N with the use of vibrato technique and 35 N during shifts. Tempo and hand position did not affect the force. Playing a Bruch concerto induced a mean peak force of 52 N, ranging from 31 to 82 N among the violinists. The developed force-sensing chinrest could accurately record the generated chin force. Typical chin force to stabilize the violin during ordinary musical performance was less than 30 N, but it could momentarily exceed 50 N when technically demanding musical pieces were performed. The lateral shift of the mandible was fairly small (<0.4 mm) even with high chin-force exertion, possibly due to clenching of the molars.

  8. Hereditary chin tremor in Parkinson's disease.

    PubMed

    Erer, Sevda; Jankovic, Joseph

    2007-11-01

    Hereditary chin tremor (HCT) is characterized by rhythmical, involuntary movements of the chin muscles usually inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. We describe a 74-year old man with familial, childhood-onset chin tremor, and a 3-year history of progressive hand tremor, gait difficulty, and other parkinsonian features. Since chin tremor often occurs in Parkinson's disease (PD), a coexistent HCT may not be recognized unless past and family history of tremor is carefully explored.

  9. 21 CFR 878.3550 - Chin prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Chin prosthesis. 878.3550 Section 878.3550 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3550 Chin prosthesis....

  10. 21 CFR 878.3550 - Chin prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Chin prosthesis. 878.3550 Section 878.3550 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3550 Chin prosthesis....

  11. 21 CFR 878.3550 - Chin prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Chin prosthesis. 878.3550 Section 878.3550 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3550 Chin prosthesis....

  12. 21 CFR 878.3550 - Chin prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Chin prosthesis. 878.3550 Section 878.3550 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3550 Chin prosthesis....

  13. 21 CFR 878.3550 - Chin prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Chin prosthesis. 878.3550 Section 878.3550 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3550 Chin prosthesis. (a...

  14. The physics of juggling a spinning ping-pong ball

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Widenhorn, Ralf

    2016-12-01

    Juggling a spinning ball with a ping-pong paddle represents a challenge both in terms of hand-eye coordination and physics concepts. Here, we analyze the ping-pong ball's motion, and explore how the correct paddle angle relates to the ball's spin and speed, as it moves vertically up and down. For students, this requires engaging with concepts like momentum, angular momentum, free-body diagrams, and friction. The activities described in this article include high-speed video motion tracking of the ping-pong ball and the investigation of the frictional characteristics of the paddle. They can be done in a physics lab or at home, requiring only inexpensive or commonly used equipment, and can be undertaken by high school or college students.

  15. Big Hydrophobic Capillary Fluidics; Basically Water Ping Pong in Space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weislogel, Mark; Attari, Babak; Wollman, Andrew; Cardin, Karl; Geile, John; Lindner, Thomas

    2016-11-01

    Capillary surfaces can be enormous in environments where the effects of gravity are small. In this presentation we review a number of interesting examples from demonstrative experiments performed in drop towers and aboard the International Space Station. The topic then focuses on large length scale hydrophobic phenomena including puddle jumping, spontaneous particle ejections, and large drop rebounds akin to water ping pong in space. Unseen footage of NASA Astronaut Scott Kelly playing water ping pong in space will be shown. Quantitative and qualitative results are offered to assist in the design of experiments for ongoing research. NASA NNX12A047A.

  16. Washington Commentary: Endless Ping-Pong over Math Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Anne C.

    2005-01-01

    Ever since the charter school movement became big news, Anne C. Lewis has refrained from writing about it very much because it seemed more like covering each hit in a Ping-Pong game. As study and counter-study rolled off the presses and into the press releases, the substance became less and less relevant. Each new study was always sure to be…

  17. Moment of Inertia of a Ping-Pong Ball

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cao, Xian-Sheng

    2012-01-01

    This note describes how to theoretically calculate and experimentally measure the moment of inertia of a Ping-Pong[R] ball. The theoretical calculation results are in good agreement with the experimental measurements that can be reproduced in an introductory physics laboratory.

  18. Intelligent Management of Intelligence Agencies: Beyond Accountability Ping-Pong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tetlock, Philip E.; Mellers, Barbara A.

    2011-01-01

    The intelligence community (IC) is asked to predict outcomes that may often be inherently unpredictable--and is blamed for the inevitable forecasting failures, be they false positives or false negatives. To move beyond blame games of accountability ping-pong that incentivize bureaucratic symbolism over substantive reform, it is necessary to reach…

  19. Moment of Inertia of a Ping-Pong Ball

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cao, Xian-Sheng

    2012-01-01

    This note describes how to theoretically calculate and experimentally measure the moment of inertia of a Ping-Pong[R] ball. The theoretical calculation results are in good agreement with the experimental measurements that can be reproduced in an introductory physics laboratory.

  20. Intelligent Management of Intelligence Agencies: Beyond Accountability Ping-Pong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tetlock, Philip E.; Mellers, Barbara A.

    2011-01-01

    The intelligence community (IC) is asked to predict outcomes that may often be inherently unpredictable--and is blamed for the inevitable forecasting failures, be they false positives or false negatives. To move beyond blame games of accountability ping-pong that incentivize bureaucratic symbolism over substantive reform, it is necessary to reach…

  1. Washington Commentary: Endless Ping-Pong over Math Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Anne C.

    2005-01-01

    Ever since the charter school movement became big news, Anne C. Lewis has refrained from writing about it very much because it seemed more like covering each hit in a Ping-Pong game. As study and counter-study rolled off the presses and into the press releases, the substance became less and less relevant. Each new study was always sure to be…

  2. Health Information in Hakha Chin (Laiholh)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Someone You Love - English No One Has the Right to Hurt You, Even Someone You Love - Laiholh (Hakha Chin) MP3 California Department of Health Services Refugee Health Section E Expand Section Emergency Medical Services ...

  3. Chin Ptosis: Classification, Anatomy, and Correction

    PubMed Central

    Garfein, Evan S.; Zide, Barry M.

    2008-01-01

    For years, the notion of chin ptosis was somehow integrated with the concept of witch's chin. That was a mistake on many levels because chin droop has four major causes, all different and with some overlap. With this article, the surgeon can quickly diagnose which type and which therapeutic modality would work best. In some cases the problem is a simple fix, in others the droop can only be stabilized, and in the final two, definite corrective procedures are available. Of note, in certain situations two types of chin ptosis may overlap because both the patient and the surgeon may each contribute to the problems. For example, in dynamic ptosis, a droop that occurs with smile in the unoperated patient can be exacerbated and further produced by certain surgical methods also. This paper classifies the variations of the problems and explains the anatomy with the final emphasis on long-term surgical correction, well described herein. This article is the ninth on this subject and a review of them all would be helpful (greatly) for understanding the enigmas of the lower face. PMID:22110784

  4. Improving security of the ping-pong protocol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zawadzki, Piotr

    2013-01-01

    A security layer for the asymptotically secure ping-pong protocol is proposed and analyzed in the paper. The operation of the improvement exploits inevitable errors introduced by the eavesdropping in the control and message modes. Its role is similar to the privacy amplification algorithms known from the quantum key distribution schemes. Messages are processed in blocks which guarantees that an eavesdropper is faced with a computationally infeasible problem as long as the system parameters are within reasonable limits. The introduced additional information preprocessing does not require quantum memory registers and confidential communication is possible without prior key agreement or some shared secret.

  5. Estimating mandibular motion based on chin surface targets during speech.

    PubMed

    Green, Jordan R; Wilson, Erin M; Wang, Yu-Tsai; Moore, Christopher A

    2007-08-01

    The movement of the jaw during speech and chewing has frequently been studied by tracking surface landmarks on the chin. However, the extent to which chin motions accurately represent those of the underlying mandible remains in question. In this investigation, the movements of a pellet attached to the incisor of the mandible were compared with those of pellets attached to different regions of the chin. Ten healthy talkers served as participants. Three speaking contexts were recorded from each participant: word, sentence, and paragraph. Chin position errors were estimated by computing the standard distance between the mandibular incisor pellet and the chin pellets. Relative to the underlying mandible, chin pellets moved with an average absolute and relative error of 0.81 mm and 7.30%, respectively. The movements of chin and mandibular pellets were tightly coupled in time. The chin tracking errors observed in this investigation are considered acceptable for descriptive studies of oromotor behavior, particularly in situations where mandibular placements are not practical (e.g., young children or edentulous adults). The observed amount of error, however, may not be tolerable for fine-grained analyses of mandibular biomechanics. Several guidelines are provided for minimizing error associated with tracking surface landmarks on the chin.

  6. Biomechanical impact response of the human chin and manubrium.

    PubMed

    Stammen, Jason A; Bolte, John H; Shaw, Joshua

    2012-03-01

    Chin-to-chest impact commonly occurs in frontal crash simulations with restrained anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) in non-airbag situations. This study investigated the biofidelity of this contact by evaluating the impact response of both the chin and manubrium of adult post-mortem human subjects (PMHSs). The adult PMHS data were scaled to a 10-year-old (YO) human size and then compared with the Hybrid III 10YO child (HIII-10C) ATD response with the same test configurations. For both the chin and manubrium, the responses of the scaled PMHS had different characteristics than the HIII-10C ATD responses. Elevated energy impact tests to the PMHS mandible provided a mean injury tolerance value for chin impact force. Chin contact forces in the HIII-10C ATD were calculated in previously conducted HYGE sled crash simulation tests, and these contact forces were strongly correlated with the Head Injury Criterion (HIC(36 ms)). The mean injurious force from the PMHS tests corresponded to a HIC(36 ms) value that would predict an elevated injury risk if it is assumed that fractures of the chin and skull are similarly correlated with HIC(36 ms). Given the rarity of same occupant-induced chin injury in booster-seated occupants in real crash data and the disparity in chin and manubrium stiffnesses between scaled PMHS and HIII-10C ATD, the data from this study can be made use of to improve biofidelity of chin-to-manubrium contact in ATDs.

  7. Estimating Mandibular Motion Based on Chin Surface Targets During Speech

    PubMed Central

    Green, Jordan R.; Wilson, Erin M.; Wang, Yu-Tsai; Moore, Christopher A.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose The movement of the jaw during speech and chewing has frequently been studied by tracking surface landmarks on the chin. However, the extent to which chin motions accurately represent those of the underlying mandible remains in question. In this investigation, the movements of a pellet attached to the incisor of the mandible were compared with those of pellets attached to different regions of the chin. Method Ten healthy talkers served as participants. Three speaking contexts were recorded from each participant: word, sentence, and paragraph. Chin position errors were estimated by computing the standard distance between the mandibular incisor pellet and the chin pellets. Results Relative to the underlying mandible, chin pellets moved with an average absolute and relative error of 0.81 mm and 7.30%, respectively. The movements of chin and mandibular pellets were tightly coupled in time. Conclusion The chin tracking errors observed in this investigation are considered acceptable for descriptive studies of oromotor behavior, particularly in situations where mandibular placements are not practical (e.g., young children or edentulous adults). The observed amount of error, however, may not be tolerable for fine-grained analyses of mandibular biomechanics. Several guidelines are provided for minimizing error associated with tracking surface landmarks on the chin. PMID:17675597

  8. Modified technique of chin augmentation with MEDPOR for Asian patients.

    PubMed

    Lin, Jinde; Chen, Xiaoping

    2012-09-01

    Commonly used chin implants are made of silicone, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE), or high-density porous polyethylene (MEDPOR). Although MEDPOR is an effective implant for chin augmentation, modification of the external aspect of the implant is recommended, particularly for Asian patients, to create an appropriate shape for the new chin. It is often difficult to contour the inner aspect of the implant to conform to the patient's mandible. Without modification, a gap may exist between the implant and mandible. To address this problem, a modified augmentation technique was developed. The authors describe their modified technique for MEDPOR chin augmentation, which includes removal of the genial tubercles and, if necessary, the mental protuberance. Ninety-five patients underwent the modified MEDPOR technique of chin augmentation. Before placement of the contoured implant, a drill was used to remove the patient's genial tubercles. If the mental protuberance was deemed too prominent, it was removed as well. The implant was inserted and fixed to the mandible with 2 titanium screws. Results were satisfactory in 90 cases. Chin shape was too "strong" in 4 patients, and another patient had poor transition between the implant and mandible. Complications were minimal. The most common complication in this modified technique was lower lip numbness, which was transient in all cases. The MEDPOR chin implant can be effectively contoured to the mandible by removing the genial tubercle and/or mental protuberance. This technique is less invasive than chin osteotomy. Successful results can be achieved with minimal risks.

  9. A Flipped Spoon and Chin Prompt to Increase Mouth Clean

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Jack; Piazza, Cathleen C.; Groff, Rebecca A.; Kozisek, Jennifer M.

    2011-01-01

    We treated the liquid refusal of a 15-month-old girl using 2 antecedent manipulations: flipped spoon and chin prompt. Use of the chin prompt in the absence of the flipped spoon failed to produce increases in mouth clean (a product measure of swallowing). By contrast, modest increases in mouth clean resulted from the implementation of the flipped…

  10. Importance of the chin in achieving a feminine lower face: narrowing the chin by the "mini V-line" surgery.

    PubMed

    Lee, Tae Sung; Kim, Hye Young; Kim, Takho; Lee, Ji Hyuck; Park, Sanghoon

    2014-11-01

    Surgery to narrow the chin is usually combined with mandible reduction, both of which may greatly improve the aesthetics of the lower face. However, some patients have a disproportionately wide chin without an excessive mandible angle. In these cases, it is possible to achieve a harmonic and well-balanced lower face by simply narrowing the anterior portion of the mandible, including the chin, and leaving the posterior part of the mandible untouched. Patients with a wide chin not willing to undergo mandible angle reduction or those with no indications for mandible reduction were considered primary candidates for the surgery. Patients with unsatisfactory results after previous mandible contouring surgeries were also considered eligible for this procedure. Narrowing genioplasty was performed by the T-osteotomy technique followed by further reduction of the bony steps at the chin-mandible junction. Among the 248 patients, 64.9% were primary cases that had a wide lower face mainly because of prominence in the chin region. The other 35.1% of the cases were patients with a prior surgical history of mandible reduction with dissatisfactory results, especially from the frontal view. All patients showed improved lower face contours after surgery, and patients were satisfied with their surgical outcomes. Balance between the chin and the lower face is essential to obtain an aesthetically pleasing face. Surgeons planning lower face contouring surgery should consider their options carefully, as chin narrowing surgery alone without mandible angle reduction can be used to achieve aesthetically pleasing results in selected cases.

  11. pong: fast analysis and visualization of latent clusters in population genetic data.

    PubMed

    Behr, Aaron A; Liu, Katherine Z; Liu-Fang, Gracie; Nakka, Priyanka; Ramachandran, Sohini

    2016-09-15

    A series of methods in population genetics use multilocus genotype data to assign individuals membership in latent clusters. These methods belong to a broad class of mixed-membership models, such as latent Dirichlet allocation used to analyze text corpora. Inference from mixed-membership models can produce different output matrices when repeatedly applied to the same inputs, and the number of latent clusters is a parameter that is often varied in the analysis pipeline. For these reasons, quantifying, visualizing, and annotating the output from mixed-membership models are bottlenecks for investigators across multiple disciplines from ecology to text data mining. We introduce pong, a network-graphical approach for analyzing and visualizing membership in latent clusters with a native interactive D3.js visualization. pong leverages efficient algorithms for solving the Assignment Problem to dramatically reduce runtime while increasing accuracy compared with other methods that process output from mixed-membership models. We apply pong to 225 705 unlinked genome-wide single-nucleotide variants from 2426 unrelated individuals in the 1000 Genomes Project, and identify previously overlooked aspects of global human population structure. We show that pong outpaces current solutions by more than an order of magnitude in runtime while providing a customizable and interactive visualization of population structure that is more accurate than those produced by current tools. pong is freely available and can be installed using the Python package management system pip. pong's source code is available at https://github.com/abehr/pong aaron_behr@alumni.brown.edu or sramachandran@brown.edu Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press.

  12. Artificial "ping-pong" cascade of PIWI-interacting RNA in silkworm cells.

    PubMed

    Shoji, Keisuke; Suzuki, Yutaka; Sugano, Sumio; Shimada, Toru; Katsuma, Susumu

    2017-01-01

    PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) play essential roles in the defense system against selfish elements in animal germline cells by cooperating with PIWI proteins. A subset of piRNAs is predicted to be generated via the "ping-pong" cascade, which is mainly controlled by two different PIWI proteins. Here we established a cell-based artificial piRNA production system using a silkworm ovarian cultured cell line that is believed to possess a complete piRNA pathway. In addition, we took advantage of a unique silkworm sex-determining one-to-one ping-pong piRNA pair, which enabled us to precisely monitor the behavior of individual artificial piRNAs. With this novel strategy, we successfully generated artificial piRNAs against endogenous protein-coding genes via the expected back-and-forth traveling mechanism. Furthermore, we detected "primary" piRNAs from the upstream region of the artificial "ping-pong" site in the endogenous gene. This artificial piRNA production system experimentally confirms the existence of the "ping-pong" cascade of piRNAs. Also, this system will enable us to identify the factors involved in both, or each, of the "ping" and "pong" cascades and the sequence features that are required for efficient piRNA production.

  13. Massive expanding hematoma of the chin following blunt trauma

    PubMed Central

    Niazi, K. Thanvir Mohamed; Raja, Dharmesh Kumar; Prakash, R.; Balaji, V. R.; Manikandan, D.; Ulaganathan, G.; Yoganandha, R.

    2016-01-01

    Posttraumatic hematoma of the face is common and usually self-limiting in nature. We report an unusual massive expanding hematoma of the chin within 9 h following a blunt trauma with no associated injuries or fracture. PMID:27829776

  14. CHINs in the context of an evolving health care system.

    PubMed Central

    Duncan, K. A.

    1996-01-01

    Community Health Information Network (CHIN) developments have slowed, due to the chaotic change in the health care system and stakeholders' attendant short-sighted focus. CHINs are a long-term investment that is necessary for the health care system's evolution to maturity. Several arenas of essential CHIN activity are given that would be characteristic of a mature, goal-directed health care system Lack of enterprise-wide computer-based patient record systems is a major barrier. Even in the short term, however, trends and incentives exist that are likely to push stakeholders toward CHIN development. Some of these trends include changes in organizational structure and political pressures. Practical incentives include the need for stakeholder cooperation to achieve healthy communities, the prospects for telemedicine, and the demand for greater quality assurance. PMID:8947737

  15. Phylogeography and taxonomy of White-chinned and Spectacled Petrels.

    PubMed

    Mareile Techow, N M S; Ryan, Peter G; O'Ryan, Colleen

    2009-07-01

    The genus Procellaria traditionally consists of four species, two restricted to New Zealand and two widespread in the Southern Ocean. All four are threatened because of incidental mortality on longlines and other fishing gear. The White-chinned Petrel P. aequinoctialis is the seabird killed in largest numbers by fisheries in the Southern Ocean. A spectacled form recently has been elevated to species status, Spectacled Petrel P. conspicillata, based on differences in morphometrics, vocalisations and breeding phenology. Cytochrome b sequences support species status for the Spectacled Petrel and show that the White-chinned Petrel has two regional populations, one around New Zealand and one throughout the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. White-chinned and Spectacled Petrels segregated approximately 0.90 million years ago by allopatric fragmentation, and the two populations within White-chinned Petrels diverged approximately 0.35 million years ago. Climate changes and corresponding changes in ocean currents are most likely responsible for these patterns.

  16. MAP Estimation of Chin and Cheek Contours in Video Sequences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kampmann, Markus

    2004-12-01

    An algorithm for the estimation of chin and cheek contours in video sequences is proposed. This algorithm exploits a priori knowledge about shape and position of chin and cheek contours in images. Exploiting knowledge about the shape, a parametric 2D model representing chin and cheek contours is introduced. Exploiting knowledge about the position, a MAP estimator is developed taking into account the observed luminance gradient as well as a priori probabilities of chin and cheek contours positions. The proposed algorithm was tested with head and shoulder video sequences (image resolution CIF). In nearly 70% of all investigated video frames, a subjectively error free estimation could be achieved. The 2D estimate error is measured as on average between 2.4 and[InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.].

  17. Massive expanding hematoma of the chin following blunt trauma.

    PubMed

    Niazi, K Thanvir Mohamed; Raja, Dharmesh Kumar; Prakash, R; Balaji, V R; Manikandan, D; Ulaganathan, G; Yoganandha, R

    2016-10-01

    Posttraumatic hematoma of the face is common and usually self-limiting in nature. We report an unusual massive expanding hematoma of the chin within 9 h following a blunt trauma with no associated injuries or fracture.

  18. pong: fast analysis and visualization of latent clusters in population genetic data

    PubMed Central

    Behr, Aaron A.; Liu, Katherine Z.; Liu-Fang, Gracie; Nakka, Priyanka; Ramachandran, Sohini

    2016-01-01

    Motivation: A series of methods in population genetics use multilocus genotype data to assign individuals membership in latent clusters. These methods belong to a broad class of mixed-membership models, such as latent Dirichlet allocation used to analyze text corpora. Inference from mixed-membership models can produce different output matrices when repeatedly applied to the same inputs, and the number of latent clusters is a parameter that is often varied in the analysis pipeline. For these reasons, quantifying, visualizing, and annotating the output from mixed-membership models are bottlenecks for investigators across multiple disciplines from ecology to text data mining. Results: We introduce pong, a network-graphical approach for analyzing and visualizing membership in latent clusters with a native interactive D3.js visualization. pong leverages efficient algorithms for solving the Assignment Problem to dramatically reduce runtime while increasing accuracy compared with other methods that process output from mixed-membership models. We apply pong to 225 705 unlinked genome-wide single-nucleotide variants from 2426 unrelated individuals in the 1000 Genomes Project, and identify previously overlooked aspects of global human population structure. We show that pong outpaces current solutions by more than an order of magnitude in runtime while providing a customizable and interactive visualization of population structure that is more accurate than those produced by current tools. Availability and Implementation: pong is freely available and can be installed using the Python package management system pip. pong’s source code is available at https://github.com/abehr/pong. Contact: aaron_behr@alumni.brown.edu or sramachandran@brown.edu Supplementary Information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:27283948

  19. A flipped spoon and chin prompt to increase mouth clean.

    PubMed

    Dempsey, Jack; Piazza, Cathleen C; Groff, Rebecca A; Kozisek, Jennifer M

    2011-01-01

    We treated the liquid refusal of a 15-month-old girl using 2 antecedent manipulations: flipped spoon and chin prompt. Use of the chin prompt in the absence of the flipped spoon failed to produce increases in mouth clean (a product measure of swallowing). By contrast, modest increases in mouth clean resulted from the implementation of the flipped spoon alone. The greatest increases in mouth clean resulted from the combination of the 2 manipulations.

  20. Dual Plane Augmentation Genioplasty Using Gore-Tex Chin Implants

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Byung Jun; Lim, Jong Woo; Park, Ji Hoon

    2014-01-01

    Background The chin shape and position is important in determining the general shape of the face, and augmentation genioplasty is performed alone or in combination with other aesthetic procedures. However, augmentation genioplasty using osteotomy is an invasive and complex procedure with the potential to damage mentalis muscle and mental nerve, to affect chin growth, and prolonged recovery. Our aim was to present our experience with a modified augmentation genioplasty procedure for hypoplastic chins using a Gore-Tex implant. Methods Two vertical slit incisions were made at the canine level to create a supraperiosteal pocket between the incisions, preserving the periosteum and mentalis muscle. Minimal sub-periosteal dissection was performed lateral to the incisions along the mandibular border. The both wings of implant were inserted under the periosteum to achieve a stable dual plane implantation. Results In total, 47 patients underwent dual plane chin augmentation using a Gore-Tex implant between January 2008 and May 2013. The mean age at operation was 25.77 years (range, 15-55 years). There were 3 cases of infection; one patient was treated with antibiotics, the others underwent implant removal. Additionally, two patients complained of postoperative parasthesia that spontaneously improved without any additional treatment. Most patients were satisfied with the postoperative outcomes, and no chin growth problems were observed among the younger patients. Conclusion Dual plane Gore-Tex chin augmentation is a minimally-invasive operation that is simple and safe. All implants yielded satisfactory results with no significant complications such as mental nerve injury, lower lip incompetence, or chin growth limitation.

  1. Table Tennis, Anyone? Using Ping-Pong To Teach the Coordinate Plane.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foshay, John D.; Wells, Wendy L.

    1997-01-01

    Presents a ping-pong activity to teach the coordinate plane that puts students in a position to experience and relate to the coordinate plane in a manner that evokes their visual, spatial, and physical senses while linking the plane with a familiar object. (ASK)

  2. Taking a Swat at Physics with a Ping-Pong Paddle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graney, Chris M.

    1994-01-01

    A professor of physics discusses ideas on how to use physics to improve your ping-pong game. Describes how basic physics was used to analyze a simple ball-paddle collision problem and provide students with insight on the application of physics to a fun and real life situation. (ZWH)

  3. The French Reader's Relationship to Poetry in the Electronic Age: Ponge, Alferi, and Vassiliou

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeBlond-Schrader, Ellen Benton

    2010-01-01

    My dissertation investigates the twentieth and twenty-first century reader's relationship to poetic text as it is altered through daily exposure to technology in the rise of the information age, as seen in the works of Francis Ponge, Pierre Alferi and Veronique Vassiliou. My project also examines historical documents--radio and television…

  4. The French Reader's Relationship to Poetry in the Electronic Age: Ponge, Alferi, and Vassiliou

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeBlond-Schrader, Ellen Benton

    2010-01-01

    My dissertation investigates the twentieth and twenty-first century reader's relationship to poetic text as it is altered through daily exposure to technology in the rise of the information age, as seen in the works of Francis Ponge, Pierre Alferi and Veronique Vassiliou. My project also examines historical documents--radio and television…

  5. Millisecond measurements without equipment: time of collision of a ping-pong ball with a table

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oladyshkin, Ivan V.; Oladyshkina, Anastasia A.

    2017-01-01

    We describe a simple experiment giving the opportunity to estimate the time of collision of a freely falling ping-pong ball and a table. The method is based on the ball deformation measurement and uses just elementary geometry and kinematics.

  6. Numb chin syndrome: a nonmetastatic neurological manifestation of malignancy.

    PubMed

    Smith, Samantha Fleur; Blackman, Glen; Hopper, Colin

    2008-03-01

    Numb chin syndrome, sometimes called numb lip syndrome, is an uncommon but well-recognized symptom in medical oncology. It may be a nonmetastatic neurological manifestation of malignancy, often with no clinically visible pathology. We report a case of a 79-year-old woman with widespread metastatic disease secondary to breast carcinoma who presented with a left-sided numb lip and chin. The patient had no clinical or radiographic pathology within the head and neck region. Numb chin syndrome is almost unknown within the dental and oral and maxillofacial community, despite being well reported in the medical literature. We urge all general dentists, oral medicine specialists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons to consider metastatic cancer in patients with unexplained facial hypoesthesia.

  7. Loss of l(3)mbt leads to acquisition of the ping-pong cycle in Drosophila ovarian somatic cells.

    PubMed

    Sumiyoshi, Tetsutaro; Sato, Kaoru; Yamamoto, Hitomi; Iwasaki, Yuka W; Siomi, Haruhiko; Siomi, Mikiko C

    2016-07-15

    In Drosophila germ cells, PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are amplified through a PIWI slicer-dependent feed-forward loop termed the ping-pong cycle, yielding secondary piRNAs. However, the detailed mechanism remains poorly understood, largely because an ex vivo model system amenable to biochemical analyses has not been available. Here, we show that CRISPR-mediated loss of function of lethal (3) malignant brain tumor [l(3)mbt] leads to ectopic activation of the germ-specific ping-pong cycle in ovarian somatic cells. Perinuclear foci resembling nuage, the ping-pong center, appeared following l(3)mbt mutation. This activation of the ping-pong machinery in cultured cells will greatly facilitate elucidation of the mechanism underlying secondary piRNA biogenesis in Drosophila. © 2016 Sumiyoshi et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

  8. Loss of l(3)mbt leads to acquisition of the ping-pong cycle in Drosophila ovarian somatic cells

    PubMed Central

    Sumiyoshi, Tetsutaro; Sato, Kaoru; Yamamoto, Hitomi; Iwasaki, Yuka W.; Siomi, Haruhiko; Siomi, Mikiko C.

    2016-01-01

    In Drosophila germ cells, PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are amplified through a PIWI slicer-dependent feed-forward loop termed the ping-pong cycle, yielding secondary piRNAs. However, the detailed mechanism remains poorly understood, largely because an ex vivo model system amenable to biochemical analyses has not been available. Here, we show that CRISPR-mediated loss of function of lethal (3) malignant brain tumor [l(3)mbt] leads to ectopic activation of the germ-specific ping-pong cycle in ovarian somatic cells. Perinuclear foci resembling nuage, the ping-pong center, appeared following l(3)mbt mutation. This activation of the ping-pong machinery in cultured cells will greatly facilitate elucidation of the mechanism underlying secondary piRNA biogenesis in Drosophila. PMID:27474440

  9. Characteristics of Dry Chin-Tuck Swallowing Vibrations and Sounds

    PubMed Central

    Dudik, Joshua M; Jestrović, Iva; Luan, Bo; Coyle, James L.; Sejdić, Ervin

    2015-01-01

    Objective The effects of the chin-tuck maneuver, a technique commonly employed to compensate for dysphagia, on cervical auscultation are not fully understood. Characterizing a technique that is known to affect swallowing function is an important step on the way to developing a new instrumentation-based swallowing screening tool. Methods In this study, we recorded data from 55 adult participants who each completed five saliva swallows in a chin-tuck position. The resulting data was processed using previously designed filtering and segmentation algorithms. We then calculated 9 time, frequency, and time-frequency domain features for each independent signal. Results We found that multiple frequency and time domain features varied significantly between male and female subjects as well as between swallowing sounds and vibrations. However, our analysis showed that participant age did not play a significant role on the values of the extracted features. Finally, we found that various frequency features corresponding to swallowing vibrations did demonstrate statistically significant variation between the neutral and chin-tuck positions but sounds showed no changes between these two positions. Conclusion The chin-tuck maneuver affects many facets of swallowing vibrations and sounds and its effects can be monitored via cervical auscultation. Significance These results suggest that a subject’s swallowing technique does need to be accounted for when monitoring their performance with cervical auscultation based instrumentation. PMID:25974926

  10. Ak-Chin Indian Community Biomass Feasiiblity Study

    SciTech Connect

    Mark A. Moser, RCM Digesters, Inc.; Mark Randall, Daystar Consulting, LLC; Leonard S. Gold, Ak-Chin Energy Services & Utility Strategies Consulting Group

    2005-12-31

    Study of the conversion of chicken litter to biogas for the production of energy. There was an additional requirement that after extracting the energy from the chicken litter the nutrient value of the raw chicken litter had to be returned to the Ak-Chin Farms for use as fertilizer in a form and delivery method acceptable to the Farm.

  11. Mechanisms of Airway Protection during Chin-Down Swallowing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macrae, Phoebe; Anderson, Cheryl; Humbert, Ianessa

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This study examined the effects of chin-down swallowing on laryngeal vestibule closure. It also investigated the technique's rehabilitative impact, by assessing the stability of effects across multiple trials and aftereffects in neutral swallows on cessation of the technique. Method: Duration of laryngeal vestibule closure (dLVC) was…

  12. Mechanisms of Airway Protection during Chin-Down Swallowing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macrae, Phoebe; Anderson, Cheryl; Humbert, Ianessa

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This study examined the effects of chin-down swallowing on laryngeal vestibule closure. It also investigated the technique's rehabilitative impact, by assessing the stability of effects across multiple trials and aftereffects in neutral swallows on cessation of the technique. Method: Duration of laryngeal vestibule closure (dLVC) was…

  13. Numb chin syndrome secondary to leptomeningeal carcinomatosis from gastric adenocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Riesgo, Vincent J.; Poveda, Julio; Rammohan, Kottil

    2015-01-01

    Numb chin syndrome (NCS) can be a sign of malignancy. Its association with gastric adenocarcinoma is rare. We report a case of a 27-year-old Hispanic female that presented with complaint of left sided headache associated with numbness of the left side of chin and lower gingiva. Initial brain MRI, whole body gallium scan, high resolution CT of chest and elevated protein in the CSF were suggestive of sarcoidosis. She was treated with IV steroids with transient clinical improvement. Two weeks later, her symptoms worsened and further evaluation revealed the diagnosis of a poorly differentiated metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma with leptomeningeal involvement. This case report aims to emphasize the importance of identifying NCS as a possible indication of an underlying malignant condition. Reported cases of NCS associated with metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma are very rare. PMID:25830044

  14. Localized Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum-like Changes on the Chin

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Joong Sun; Kim, You Chan

    2008-01-01

    Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare, inherited, multisystem disorder characterized by progressive calcification and fragmentation of elastic fibers. Typically, small, yellowish papules are located on the neck and flexural areas; however, localized acquired cutaneous PXE has been proposed as a non-heritable form of the disorder. We report a patient who had normal appearing skin on the chin with an itching sensation and had PXE-like changes by skin biopsy. PMID:27303205

  15. Chin development as a result of differential jaw growth.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Steven D; Low, Laura E; Holton, Nathan E; Franciscus, Robert G; Frazier, Mike; Qian, Fang; Mann, Kyle; Schneider, Galen; Scott, Jill E; Southard, Thomas E

    2011-04-01

    During facial growth, the maxilla and mandible translate downward and forward. Although the forward displacement of the maxilla is less than that of the mandible, the interarch relationship of the teeth in the sagittal view during growth remains essentially unchanged. Interdigitation is thought to provide a compensatory (tooth movement) mechanism for maintaining the pattern of occlusion during growth: the maxillary teeth move anteriorly relative to the maxilla while the mandibular teeth move posteriorly relative to the basilar mandible. The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that the human chin develops as a result of this process. Twenty-five untreated subjects from the Iowa Facial Growth Study with Class I normal occlusion were randomly selected based on availability of cephalograms at T1 (mean = 8.32 yr) and T2 (mean = 19.90 yr). Measurements of growth (T2 minus T1) parallel to the Frankfort horizontal (FH) for the maxilla, maxillary dentition, mandible, mandibular dentition, and pogonion (Pg) were made. Relative to Pg (a stable bony landmark), B-point moved posteriorly, on average 2.34 mm during growth, and bony chin development (B-point to Pg) increased concomitantly. Similarly, the mandibular and maxillary incisors moved posteriorly relative to Pg 2.53 mm and 2.76 mm, respectively. A-point, relative to Pg, moved posteriorly 4.47 mm during growth. Bony chin development during facial growth occurs, in part, from differential jaw growth and compensatory dentoalveolar movements. Copyright © 2011 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Morbidity of harvesting of chin grafts: a prospective study.

    PubMed

    Nkenke, E; Schultze-Mosgau, S; Radespiel-Tröger, M; Kloss, F; Neukam, F W

    2001-10-01

    In a prospective study, 20 patients who underwent harvesting of chin grafts as outpatients, were followed up for 12 months (3 further patients with incomplete follow-up data were excluded from the study). Preoperatively and 7 days, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively, follow-up data were assessed. Evaluation of the superficial sensory function of the inferior alveolar nerve was determined by the Pointed-Blunt Test and the Two-Point-Discrimination Test. Sensory disturbances were objectively assessed by testing thermal sensitivity with the "Pain and Thermal Sensitivity" Test (PATH Test). In addition, evaluation of the pulp sensitivity of teeth 35-45 was carried out by cold vitality testing. One week postoperatively, 8 patients were affected by superficial sensory impairment. 8 nerve territories showed hypoaesthetic reactions and 5 showed hyperaesthetic reactions. After 12 months, two patients still suffered from hypoaesthesia of one side of the chin. There was a statistically significant sensitivity impairment of the chin for all patients comparing the preoperative data of the Two-Point-Discrimination Test (left/right median: 8.17/8.17 mm, interquartile range (IQR) 1.00/2.00 mm) with the first postoperative measurement (left/right median 9.00/8.33 mm, IQR 1.67/2.66 mm). Comparing the latter to the last postoperative measurement there was significant tendency for regeneration of a nerve function (left/right median 8.00/7.84 mm, IQR 0.66/2.00 mm). In the PATH Test all hypoaesthetic areas could be identified by a reduction of thermal sensitivity. After the first postoperative examination 21.6% (n=38/176) of the examined teeth had lost their pulp sensitivity. After 12 postoperative months 11.4% (n=20/176) still did not react sensitively. Many of these were canines (n=8/20). Comparing the preoperative to the first postoperative examination, there was a significant reduction of pulp sensitivity. However, statistically significant recovery until the last postoperative

  17. Autogenous Fat Grafting for Chin Augmentation: A Preliminarily Clinical Study of Cosmetic Outcome.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qianwen; Guo, Xin; Wang, Jiaqi

    2015-10-01

    Preoperative evaluation and surgical details of chin fat augmentation aiming at increasing the projection of the original mentum are scarcely reported. Herein, the authors systematically reviewed the application of fat grafting for chin augmentation in our institution from 2010 to 2014. This percutaneously multilayered fat-injection technology can be applied for chin augmentation for a subset of patients after strict selection, and the details of lipofilling technology and fat distribution vary depending on each individual patient's condition. Mentum can be augmented in the sagittal plane in different degrees, whereas the chin height seems unable to be effectively prolonged by lipofilling.

  18. The application of rapid prototyping technique in chin augmentation.

    PubMed

    Li, Min; Lin, Xin; Xu, Yongchen

    2010-04-01

    This article discusses the application of computer-aided design and rapid prototyping techniques in prosthetic chin augmentation for mild microgenia. Nine cases of mild microgenia underwent an electrobeam computer tomography scan. Then we performed three-dimensional reconstruction and operative design using computer software. According to the design, we determined the shape and size of the prostheses and made an individualized prosthesis for each chin augmentation with the rapid prototyping technique. With the application of computer-aided design and a rapid prototyping technique, we could determine the shape, size, and embedding location accurately. Prefabricating the individual prosthesis model is useful in improving the accuracy of treatment. In the nine cases of mild microgenia, three received a silicone implant, four received an ePTFE implant, and two received a Medpor implant. All patients were satisfied with the results. During follow-up at 6-12 months, all patients remained satisfied. The application of computer-aided design and rapid prototyping techniques can offer surgeons the ability to design an individualized ideal prosthesis for each patient.

  19. The ping-pong cannon demonstration: Optical studies and numerical simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peterson, Richard; Stein, Keith

    2005-09-01

    This presentation describes the use of laser pulse photography, optical timing, pulsed Schlieren, and heterodyne interferometry to look more closely at the fluid dynamics of a recently popular lecture demonstration-the so-called ``ping-pong cannon.'' Optical diagnostic techniques have been applied to two types of these cannons, and led to greater knowledge of the kinematics of the accelerating ball, along with some insight into the exit mechanism and subsequent target interactions. Also will be described how a 1D numerical simulation allows visualization of shock wave formation within the tube during ball acceleration. Solutions of the Euler equation are obtained using the method of space-time finite elements, while the ball is tracked as an interface in the compressible fluid mesh. [Work supported in part by the MN NASA Space Grant and the Carlsen-Lewis Endowment of Bethel University.

  20. “Ping-pong gaze” secondary to monoamine oxidase inhibitor overdose

    PubMed Central

    Attaway, Amy; Sroujieh, Laila; Mersfelder, Tracey L.; Butler, Christopher; Ouellette, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    An infrequent manifestation of monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) toxicity is “ping-pong gaze” (PPG). We describe the case of a 26-year-old female who was found unresponsive after taking 40 tablets of phenelzine. On presentation to the hospital, her eyes were moving in characteristic “ping pong” fashion. After 6 hours her gaze terminated. The following day her neurologic exam was benign and she had no long-term sequelae. While the etiology of PPG is unknown, it is most often seen with irreversible structural brain damage. However, a detailed literature review revealed that previous cases of MAOI toxicity where the patient survived have all had complete neurologic recovery. PMID:27127395

  1. Choosing the Best Procedure to Augment the Chin: Is Anything Better than an Implant?

    PubMed

    Sykes, Jonathan M; Fitzgerald, Rebecca

    2016-10-01

    The chin plays a very important role in overall facial appearance, and aesthetic procedures to augment the chin in patients with microgenia can improve overall facial balance. Many procedures exist to enhance the appearance of a small chin. Procedures include surgeries such as placement of an alloplast implant and bony osteotomy of the mentum (sliding genioplasty). The advantages and disadvantages of each surgical technique are well documented. Although surgical augmentation of the chin has been the gold standard of therapy, recent development of injectable filler products with lifting capacity has changed the way that many practitioners alter chin shape and size. Filler agents allow augmentation of the chin in horizontal (projection), vertical, and transverse dimensions. Injectable fillers are a simple, noninvasive procedure that causes minimal to no downtime, incurs minimal risks, and allows the practitioner to shape the chin in three dimensions. This procedure allows patients to enhance their chin size without requiring an operative visit. As more and varied filler products become FDA-approved, the versatility and application of these agents will increase.

  2. What is the chin-down posture? A questionnaire survey of speech language pathologists in Japan and the United States.

    PubMed

    Okada, Sumiko; Saitoh, Eiichi; Palmer, Jeffrey B; Matsuo, Koichiro; Yokoyama, Michio; Shigeta, Ritsuko; Baba, Mikoto

    2007-07-01

    The "chin-down" or "chin-tuck" maneuver is a postural technique widely used in dysphagia treatment. The posture, however, does not have a precise anatomical definition. We studied the current practice of 42 speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in Japan and the U.S. with a questionnaire survey regarding the chin-down posture. The main findings were that (1) three of five of the pictures were selected by respondents both in Japan and in the U.S. as depicting the chin-down posture; (2) 23% of Japanese and 58% of the U.S. SLPs made a distinction between chin down and chin tuck; and (3) the use of anatomical terminology by SLPs differed between the two countries. This study showed that there is poor agreement among SLPs about the meaning of the chin-down and chin-tuck postures. Developing a precise definition is important because various postures may have differing physiologic effects.

  3. Kinematic and electromyographic comparisons between chin-ups and lat-pull down exercises.

    PubMed

    Doma, Kenji; Deakin, Glen B; Ness, Kevin F

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare kinematics and muscle activity between chin-ups and lat-pull down exercises and between muscle groups during the two exercises. Normalized electromyography (EMG) of biceps brachii (BB), triceps brachii (TB), pectoralis major (PM), latissimus dorsi (LD), rectus abdominus (RA), and erector spinae (ES) and kinematics of back, shoulder, and seventh cervical vertebrae (C7) was analysed during chin-ups and lat-pull down exercises. Normalized EMG of BB and ES and kinematics of shoulder and C7 for chin-ups were greater than lat-pull down exercises during the concentric phase (p < 0.05). For the eccentric phase, RA during lat-pull down exercises was greater than chin-ups and the kinematics of C7 during chin-ups was greater than lat-pull down exercises (p < 0.05). For chin-ups, BB, LD, and ES were greater than PM during the concentric phase, whereas BB and LD were greater than TB, and LD was greater than RA during the eccentric phase (p < 0.05). For lat-pull down exercise, BB and LD were greater than PM, TB, and ES during the concentric phase, whereas LD was greater than PM, TB, and BB during the eccentric phase (p < 0.05). Subsequently, chin-ups appears to be a more functional exercise.

  4. Assessing the influence of chin prominence on perceived attractiveness in the orthognathic patient, clinician and layperson.

    PubMed

    Naini, F B; Donaldson, A N A; McDonald, F; Cobourne, M T

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to undertake an objective and quantitative evaluation of how the degree of chin prominence influences perceived attractiveness. The chin prominence of an idealized profile image was altered in 2 mm increments from -24 to 12 mm, in order to represent retrusion and protrusion of the chin, respectively. These images were rated on a 7-point Likert scale by a pre-selected group of pre-treatment orthognathic patients, clinicians and laypeople. In treatment planning to alter the sagittal prominence of the chin in an individual with an otherwise normal soft tissue facial profile, an 'ideal' sagittal position with soft tissue pogonion on or just behind a true vertical line through subnasale may be used. Chin retrusion or protrusion up to 4mm is essentially unnoticeable. Surgery is desired for chin protrusions greater than 6mm and retrusions greater than 10mm. The overall direction of aesthetic opinion appears to be the same for all the observer groups; the greater the retrusion or prominence of the chin, the less the rating of the perceived attractiveness and the greater the desire for surgical correction. Copyright © 2012 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Kinetics of Spanish broom peroxidase obeys a Ping-Pong Bi-Bi mechanism with competitive inhibition by substrates.

    PubMed

    Pérez Galende, Patricia; Hidalgo Cuadrado, Nazaret; Kostetsky, Eduard Ya; Roig, Manuel G; Villar, Enrique; Shnyrov, Valery L; Kennedy, John F

    2015-11-01

    In plants, adverse conditions often induce an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). H2O2 is reduced to water, and thus becomes detoxified by enzymes such as Cytisus multiflorus peroxidase (CMP). Here, the steady-state kinetics of the H2O2-supported oxidation of different organic substrates by CMP was investigated. Analysis of the initial rates vs. H2O2 and reducing substrate concentrations proved to be consistent with a substrate-inhibited Ping-Pong Bi-Bi reaction mechanism. The phenomenological approach expresses the peroxidase Ping-Pong mechanism in the form of the Michaelis-Menten equation and affords an interpretation of the effects in terms of the kinetic parameters [Formula: see text] , [Formula: see text] , kcat, [Formula: see text] , [Formula: see text] and of the microscopic rate constants, k1 and k3, of the shared three-step catalytic cycle of peroxidases.

  6. Combined treatment with botulinum toxin and hyaluronic acid to correct unsightly lateral-chin depression*

    PubMed Central

    Braz, André Vieira; Louvain, Dailana; Mukamal, Luana Vieira

    2013-01-01

    With aging, anatomical changes are observed in the face. In the lower third, these changes are expressed as ptosis of the angle of the mouth, lip enhancement groove mentalis; decrease in concavity between the jaw and neck and very noticeable platysmal banding. The repeated contraction of muscles of the lateral-chin together with the band platysmal side form what are called a marionette groove. Treating the whole lateral-chin area can result in a more harmonious aspect of the face when compared with treatment of a marionette groove in isolation. In this paper we describe combined treatment of the lateral chin area using botulinum toxin and fillers. PMID:23539022

  7. Static test of a fan-powered chin nozzle for V/STOl applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Salemann, V.

    1981-01-01

    The performance of a "chin" nozzle which diverts flow in a downward direction immediately downstream of a fan typical of designs suitable for V/STOL A applications was evaluated. Back pressure distortion to the fan and fan discharge pressure distortion were also measured. Results show that the distortion is significant at the closest spacing between the fan exit and cascade entrance tested, and that the chin nozzle performance deteriorates with increased flow diversion to the chin nozzle. Color oil flow visualization on video tape and still photos were also obtained. Tests were conducted behind a 12" model fan in the NASA-Lewis fan calibration facility.

  8. Orthopedic Effect of Chin Cup during Mixed Dentition Stage.

    PubMed

    Al-Khalifa, Hussein N; Hashem, Mohamed I; Alanazi, Khalid J; Anil, Sukumaran

    2017-05-01

    Chin cup (CC) therapy has been used as the traditional appliance for treating class III malocclusion during mixed dentition period. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CC on the improvement of skeletal and dentoalveo-lar skeletal changes in class III patients during mixed dentition stage. A total of 30 patients (7-9 years old) with skeletal class III malocclusion were selected based on clinical and cephalometric examination. Out of 30 patients, 20 underwent CC therapy. All orthodontic records and measurements were taken before and after treatment. Similar records were collected from the control group. The lateral cephalometric films were traced before and after treatment and analyzed. There was a significant improvement in maxillary and the mandibular skeletal measurements after CC therapy. Improvement of ANB angle and an increase in Wits appraisal have been detected in the treated group according to intermaxillary skeletal variables. The study concluded that the CC therapy is effective for correcting skeletal class III malocclusion along with positive changes in the dentoskeletal variables during the mixed dentition stage.

  9. Total lower lip and chin reconstruction with radial forearm free flap: A novel approach.

    PubMed

    Dewey, Eliza H; Roche, Ansley M; Lazarus, Cathy L; Urken, Mark L

    The management of large chin and lower lip defects is challenging due to this facial subunit's tremendous functional and aesthetic importance. Specific methods for total lower lip and mentum reconstruction are not well chronicled. Aesthetic and functional goals of this reconstruction include restoration of oral competence by maintaining lower lip height, vermilion reestablishment, color-matched skin introduction to the chin, sensation restoration, and ideally restoration of dynamic activity to the lower lip. Literature review performed. Presentation of novel, two-stage technique for lower lip and chin reconstruction with a submental flap and a radial forearm free flap, suspension of the lower lip and chin with a tensor fascia lata graft, and vermilion reconstruction with a buccal mucosal flap. This procedure meets all goals of total lower lip reconstruction with the exception of the introduction of dynamic tissue and represents a novel solution to a challenging reconstructive problem. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Chin prompt plus re-presentation as treatment for expulsion in children with feeding disorders.

    PubMed

    Wilkins, Jonathan W; Piazza, Cathleen C; Groff, Rebecca A; Vaz, Petula C M

    2011-01-01

    Expulsion (spitting out food) is a problem behavior observed in many children with feeding disorders. In the current investigation, we identified 4 children diagnosed with a feeding disorder who exhibited high rates of expulsion. Treatment with re-presentation (placing expelled liquids or solids back into the child's mouth) was not effective in reducing expulsion. Therefore, we added a chin-prompt procedure (the feeder applied gentle upward pressure to the child's chin and lower lip) for the initial presentation and the re-presentation. Chin prompt plus re-presentation resulted in low rates of expulsion for all 4 children. The results are discussed in terms of the potential underlying mechanisms behind the effectiveness of the chin-prompt procedure.

  11. Determining the Technical Standards of Ping Pong Table by Using Close Range Photogrammetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Acar, U.; Bayram, B.; Cetin, H. I.; Sanlı, F. B.

    2012-07-01

    In the presented study, quality measurements were made regarding three different ping pong tables that were produced with three different materials. Measurements were made on the purpose of confirming whether the tables can be used as a match table that is in the standard of International Table Tennis Federation or not. For this confirmation, bouncing height of the table tennis ball is measured which is approved by ITTF. Average bouncing height that is required by federation standards is minimum 23 cm for free falling table tennis ball from 30 cm. In order to locate the bounce on the tables, the table tennis ball is released from 30cm in free fall with equipment was. In the meantime, 24 video frames videos were shot with a Full HD (1920 × 1080) camera. Each frame of videos that were taken is separated from each other. Each frame is analyzed and highest bounce is measured. As a result of the study, the bouncing heights of the three tables were measured as 23.04 cm, 23.33 cm, 22.91 cm for table1, for table2 and for table3 respectively.

  12. Synergistic "ping-pong" energy transfer for efficient light activation in a chromophore-catalyst dyad.

    PubMed

    Quaranta, Annamaria; Charalambidis, Georgios; Herrero, Christian; Margiola, Sofia; Leibl, Winfried; Coutsolelos, Athanassios; Aukauloo, Ally

    2015-10-07

    The synthesis of a porphyrin-Ru(II) polypyridine complex where the porphyrin acts as a photoactive unit and the Ru(II) polypyridine as a catalytic precursor is described. Comparatively, the free base porphyrin was found to outperform the ruthenium based chromophore in the yield of light induced electron transfer. Mechanistic insights indicate the occurrence of a ping-pong energy transfer from the (1)LC excited state of the porphyrin chromophore to the (3)MCLT state of the catalyst and back to the (3)LC excited state of the porphyrin unit. The latter, triplet-triplet energy transfer back to the chromophore, efficiently competes with fast radiationless deactivation of the excited state at the catalyst site. The energy thus recovered by the chromophore allows improved yield of formation of the oxidized form of the chromophore and concomitantly of the oxidation of the catalytic unit by intramolecular charge transfer. The presented results are among the rare examples where a porphyrin chromophore is successfully used to drive an oxidative activation process where reductive processes prevail in the literature.

  13. An improved control mode for the ping-pong protocol operation in imperfect quantum channels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zawadzki, Piotr

    2015-07-01

    Quantum direct communication (QDC) can bring confidentiality of sensitive information without any encryption. A ping-pong protocol, a well-known example of entanglement-based QDC, offers asymptotic security in a perfect quantum channel. However, it has been shown (Wójcik in Phys Rev Lett 90(15):157901, 2003. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.157901) that it is not secure in the presence of losses. Moreover, legitimate parities cannot rely on dense information coding due to possible undetectable eavesdropping even in the perfect setting (Pavičić in Phys Rev A 87(4):042326, 2013. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.87.042326). We have identified the source of the above-mentioned weaknesses in the incomplete check of the EPR pair coherence. We propose an improved version of the control mode, and we discuss its relation to the already-known attacks that undermine the QDC security. It follows that the new control mode detects these attacks with high probability and independently on a quantum channel type. As a result, an asymptotic security of the QDC communication can be maintained for imperfect quantum channels, also in the regime of dense information coding.

  14. Follicular keratosis of the chin treated with 1.24R-dihydroxyvitamin D3 ointment.

    PubMed

    Yanagihara, Makoto; Takeda, Kiminobu; Tanabe, Hiroshi; Abe, Shinya; Ishizaki, Hiroshi

    2007-01-01

    In follicular keratosis of the chin, keratotic follicular papules occur on the chin and jaw due to localized prolonged pressure and friction on the naked skin. We present one patient with this disorder. The dermatoscopic examination revealed many well-demarcated yellow spindle bodies in the patchy lesion. Therapy with 1.24R-dihydroxyvitamin D3 ointment was effective during the treatment but had no residual positive effect.

  15. The Sequence of Swallowing Events During the Chin-Down Posture

    PubMed Central

    Young, Jennifer L.; Macrae, Phoebe; Anderson, Cheryl; Taylor-Kamara, Isha

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This study investigated the effect of the chin-down posture on the sequence of swallowing events in healthy adults. Method Sixteen healthy participants performed 45 5-ml thin liquid swallows during videofluoroscopy: 5 neutral head position, 30 chin-down posture, and then 10 neutral head position. Eight swallowing events were measured: the time of hyoid burst, bolus head in the pharynx, bolus tail in the pharynx, laryngeal vestibule closure (LVC), upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening, bolus head in the UES, bolus tail exiting the pharynx, and laryngeal vestibule opening (LVO). Results Our key finding is that LVC was one of the first 3 swallowing events in 69% of neutral swallows and in 78% of chin-down swallows (p = .006). Also, LVO occurred last in 14% of chin-down swallows but never occurred last in the preceding neutral swallows (p ≤ .001). Thus, in chin-down swallows, LVC occurred earlier and LVO occurred later. Conclusions The chin-down posture may be beneficial for individuals with delayed onset of LVC and reduced duration of the LVC. Future studies are needed to examine this effect in individuals with dysphagia. PMID:26225454

  16. The ontogeny of the chin: an analysis of allometric and biomechanical scaling

    PubMed Central

    Holton, N E; Bonner, L L; Scott, J E; Marshall, S D; Franciscus, R G; Southard, T E

    2015-01-01

    The presence of a prominent chin in modern humans has been viewed by some researchers as an architectural adaptation to buttress the anterior corpus from bending stresses during mastication. In contrast, ontogenetic studies of mandibular symphyseal form suggest that a prominent chin results from the complex spatial interaction between the symphysis and surrounding soft tissue and skeletal anatomy during development. While variation in chin prominence is clearly influenced by differential growth and spatial constraints, it is unclear to what degree these developmental dynamics influence the mechanical properties of the symphysis. That is, do ontogenetic changes in symphyseal shape result in increased symphyseal bending resistance? We examined ontogenetic changes in the mechanical properties and shape of the symphysis using subjects from a longitudinal cephalometric growth study with ages ranging from 3 to 20+ years. We first examined whether ontogenetic changes in symphyseal shape were correlated with symphyseal vertical bending and wishboning resistance using multivariate regression. Secondly, we examined ontogenetic scaling of bending resistance relative to bending moment arm lengths. An ontogenetic increase in chin prominence was associated with decreased vertical bending resistance, while wishboning resistance was uncorrelated with ontogenetic development of the chin. Relative to bending moment arm lengths, vertical bending resistance scaled with significant negative allometry whereas wishboning resistance scaled isometrically. These results suggest a complex interaction between symphyseal ontogeny and bending resistance, and indicate that ontogenetic increases in chin projection do not provide greater bending resistance to the mandibular symphysis. PMID:25865897

  17. Short faces, big tongues: developmental origin of the human chin.

    PubMed

    Coquerelle, Michael; Prados-Frutos, Juan Carlos; Rojo, Rosa; Mitteroecker, Philipp; Bastir, Markus

    2013-01-01

    During the course of human evolution, the retraction of the face underneath the braincase, and closer to the cervical column, has reduced the horizontal dimension of the vocal tract. By contrast, the relative size of the tongue has not been reduced, implying a rearrangement of the space at the back of the vocal tract to allow breathing and swallowing. This may have left a morphological signature such as a chin (mental prominence) that can potentially be interpreted in Homo. Long considered an autopomorphic trait of Homo sapiens, various extinct hominins show different forms of mental prominence. These features may be the evolutionary by-product of equivalent developmental constraints correlated with an enlarged tongue. In order to investigate developmental mechanisms related to this hypothesis, we compare modern 34 human infants against 8 chimpanzee fetuses, whom development of the mandibular symphysis passes through similar stages. The study sets out to test that the shared ontogenetic shape changes of the symphysis observed in both species are driven by the same factor--space restriction at the back of the vocal tract and the associated arrangement of the tongue and hyoid bone. We apply geometric morphometric methods to extensive three-dimensional anatomical landmarks and semilandmarks configuration, capturing the geometry of the cervico-craniofacial complex including the hyoid bone, tongue muscle and the mandible. We demonstrate that in both species, the forward displacement of the mental region derives from the arrangement of the tongue and hyoid bone, in order to cope with the relative horizontal narrowing of the oral cavity. Because humans and chimpanzees share this pattern of developmental integration, the different forms of mental prominence seen in some extinct hominids likely originate from equivalent ontogenetic constraints. Variations in this process could account for similar morphologies.

  18. Short Faces, Big Tongues: Developmental Origin of the Human Chin

    PubMed Central

    Coquerelle, Michael; Prados-Frutos, Juan Carlos; Rojo, Rosa; Mitteroecker, Philipp; Bastir, Markus

    2013-01-01

    During the course of human evolution, the retraction of the face underneath the braincase, and closer to the cervical column, has reduced the horizontal dimension of the vocal tract. By contrast, the relative size of the tongue has not been reduced, implying a rearrangement of the space at the back of the vocal tract to allow breathing and swallowing. This may have left a morphological signature such as a chin (mental prominence) that can potentially be interpreted in Homo. Long considered an autopomorphic trait of Homo sapiens, various extinct hominins show different forms of mental prominence. These features may be the evolutionary by-product of equivalent developmental constraints correlated with an enlarged tongue. In order to investigate developmental mechanisms related to this hypothesis, we compare modern 34 human infants against 8 chimpanzee fetuses, whom development of the mandibular symphysis passes through similar stages. The study sets out to test that the shared ontogenetic shape changes of the symphysis observed in both species are driven by the same factor – the space restriction at the back of the vocal tract and the associated arrangement of the tongue and hyoid bone. We apply geometric morphometric methods to extensive three-dimensional anatomical landmarks and semilandmarks configuration, capturing the geometry of the cervico-craniofacial complex including the hyoid bone, tongue muscle and the mandible. We demonstrate that in both species, the forward displacement of the mental region derives from the arrangement of the tongue and hyoid bone, in order to cope with the relative horizontal narrowing of the oral cavity. Because humans and chimpanzees share this pattern of developmental integration, the different forms of mental prominence seen in some extinct hominids likely originate from equivalent ontogenetic constraints. Variations in this process could account for similar morphologies. PMID:24260566

  19. Tongue contractions during speech may have led to the development of the bony geometry of the chin following the evolution of human language: a mechanobiological hypothesis for the development of the human chin.

    PubMed

    Ichim, Ionut; Kieser, Jules; Swain, Michael

    2007-01-01

    One of the most fundamental yet unanswered questions of human evolution is that of the development of the chin. Whereas it is known that the chin, or mentum osseum, is an unique anatomical feature of modern humans that emerged during the Middle and Late Pleistocene, its origin and biomechanical significance are the subjects of intense controversy. Theories range from the suggestion that the chin evolved as a result of progressive reduction of the dental arch, which left it as a protrusion, to the hypothesis that it provided resistance to mandibular bending during mastication. Until now however, no accepted functional explanation of the human chin has emerged. Here, we develop the hypothesis that the actions of the tongue and non-masticatory orofacial muscles may have played a significant role on the development of the human chin. We report numerical simulations of the forces and resultant stresses developed in hypothetical chinned and non-chinned mandibles. Using empirical data and estimates of the forces generated by the human tongue during speech, our hypothesis suggests that the chin might in fact have developed as a result of the actions of the tongue and perioral muscles, rather than as a buttress to withstand masticatory induced stress. This provides a new perspective on the generation of the chin and importantly, suggests that its appearance may be causally related to the development of the human language.

  20. piRNA biogenesis during adult spermatogenesis in mice is independent of the ping-pong mechanism

    PubMed Central

    Beyret, Ergin; Liu, Na; Lin, Haifan

    2012-01-01

    piRNAs, a class of small non-coding RNAs associated with PIWI proteins, have broad functions in germline development, transposon silencing, and epigenetic regulation. In diverse organisms, a subset of piRNAs derived from repeat sequences are produced via the interplay between two PIWI proteins. This mechanism, termed “ping-pong” cycle, operates among the PIWI proteins of the primordial mouse testis; however, its involvement in postnatal testes remains elusive. Here we show that adult testicular piRNAs are produced independent of the ping-pong mechanism. We identified and characterized large populations of piRNAs in the adult and postnatal developing testes associated with MILI and MIWI, the only PIWI proteins detectable in these testes. No interaction between MILI and MIWI or sequence feature for the ping-pong mechanism among their piRNAs was detected in the adult testis. The majority of MILI- and MIWI-associated piRNAs originate from the same DNA strands within the same loci. Both populations of piRNAs are biased for 5′ Uracil but not for Adenine on the 10th nucleotide position, and display no complementarity. Furthermore, in Miwi mutants, MILI-associated piRNAs are not downregulated, but instead upregulated. These results indicate that the adult testicular piRNAs are predominantly, if not exclusively, produced by a primary processing mechanism instead of the ping-pong mechanism. In this primary pathway, biogenesis of MILI- and MIWI-associated piRNAs may compete for the same precursors; the types of piRNAs produced tend to be non-selectively dictated by the available precursors in the cell; and precursors with introns tend to be spliced before processed into piRNAs. PMID:22907665

  1. Effectiveness of Chin-tuck Maneuver to Facilitate Swallowing in Neurologic Dysphagia.

    PubMed

    Saconato, Mariana; Chiari, Brasilia Maria; Lederman, Henrique Manoel; Gonçalves, Maria Inês Rebelo

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The chin-tuck maneuver is the most frequently employed postural maneuver in the treatment of neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia caused by encephalic vascular strokes and degenerative diseases. Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of this maneuver in patients with neurogenic dysphagia and factors that could interfere in it. Methods In this retrospective cohort, we analyzed the medical files and videofluoroscopy exams of 35 patients (19 male - 54% and 16 female - 46%; age range between 20 and 89 years old; mean = 69 years). Results The results suggest that the effectiveness of chin-tuck maneuver is related to the overall degree of dysphagia: the more severe the dysphagia, the less effective the maneuver. Conclusion Chin-tuck maneuver should benefit dysphagic patients with delay in the swallowing trigger, reduced laryngeal elevation, and difficulties to swallow liquids, but is not the best compensatory strategy for patients with severe dysphagia.

  2. Reconstruction of the chin using an expanded deltopectoral flap following multiple recurrences of oral cancer

    PubMed Central

    Balakrishnan, Chenicheri; Hackenson, David; Balakrishnan, Anila; Elliott, David; Careaga, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    An important alternative to free tissue transfer in patients requiring correction of soft tissue chin defects are local and regional flaps, such as the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap and deltopectoral flap. With predictable vascular supply, potential for large size, and good aesthetic match for facial and cervical skin, the deltopectoral flap can offer the reconstructive surgeon additional options in patients who lack vessels suitable for free tissue transfer. The use of an expanded deltopectoral flap for a staged reconstruction of the chin in a patient with cancer recurrences, concomitant resections, radiation and multiple reconstructions is reported. PMID:23997595

  3. Spatial changes of the chin in the vertical and sagittal planes after superior repositioning of the maxilla.

    PubMed

    Arabion, Hamidreza; Tabrizi, Reza; Fattahi, Hamidreza; Khaghaninezhad, Mohammadsaleh; Bahramnia, Fatemeh

    2015-05-01

    The mandible autorotates after maxillary superior repositioning. The aim of this study was to address the changes in chin position in the vertical and sagittal planes after maxillary superior repositioning. This cross-sectional study assessed participants who had class I occlusion with vertical maxillary excess and underwent maxillary superior repositioning. Two lateral cephalograms were taken in central occlusion and natural head position. The amount of maxillary superior repositioning was documented for every participant according to lateral cephalometric indices. The distance between the most prominent point of the chin and a perpendicular line from N to the Frankfort line was used to determine the sagittal changes of the chin before and after surgery. The distance from the N point to Me was used to assess the vertical changes of the chin before and after operation. The Pearson correlation test was used to determine the correlation between the amount of maxillary superior repositioning and the vertical and horizontal changes of the chin. The linear regression model was applied to predict the changes of the chin (dependent factor) according to the vertical change of the maxilla (predictive factor). The occlusal plane angle change, mandibular length, and mandibular plane angle were considered as variable factors. Twenty participants were studied. Analysis of the data demonstrated a significant correlation between the maxillary superior repositioning (predictive factor) and the horizontal and vertical changes of the chin. For every 1  mm of vertical change in the maxilla, the chin could be expected to move 0.21  mm horizontally. For a standard deviation increase of 1 in the maxillary position, the chin advanced by 0.753 of the standard deviation (β = 0.753). For every 1-mm change of the maxilla vertically, it could be estimated that the chin moved 0.71  mm vertically when the amount of maxillary impaction was 8  mm or less. For an increase in standard

  4. PIF- and Pong-like transposable elements: distribution, evolution and relationship with Tourist-like miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements.

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Xiaoyu; Jiang, Ning; Feschotte, Cédric; Wessler, Susan R

    2004-01-01

    Miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements (MITEs) are short, nonautonomous DNA elements that are widespread and abundant in plant genomes. Most of the hundreds of thousands of MITEs identified to date have been divided into two major groups on the basis of shared structural and sequence characteristics: Tourist-like and Stowaway-like. Since MITEs have no coding capacity, they must rely on transposases encoded by other elements. Two active transposons, the maize P Instability Factor (PIF) and the rice Pong element, have recently been implicated as sources of transposase for Tourist-like MITEs. Here we report that PIF- and Pong-like elements are widespread, diverse, and abundant in eukaryotes with hundreds of element-associated transposases found in a variety of plant, animal, and fungal genomes. The availability of virtually the entire rice genome sequence facilitated the identification of all the PIF/Pong-like elements in this organism and permitted a comprehensive analysis of their relationship with Tourist-like MITEs. Taken together, our results indicate that PIF and Pong are founding members of a large eukaryotic transposon superfamily and that members of this superfamily are responsible for the origin and amplification of Tourist-like MITEs. PMID:15020481

  5. Nest site selection in native and exotic trees by Black-chinned Hummingbirds

    Treesearch

    Deborah M. Finch; Jeffrey Kelly

    2002-01-01

    We studied nest site selection and nesting success in Black-chinned Hummingbirds (Archilochus alexandri) along the middle Rio Grande, New Mexico. The study was conducted in association with an exotic woody plant removal program to determine whether the removal of exotic plants would affect wildlife populations and nesting success, either positively or negatively. Point...

  6. Videomanometric analysis of supraglottic swallow, effortful swallow, and chin tuck in healthy volunteers.

    PubMed

    Bülow, M; Olsson, R; Ekberg, O

    1999-01-01

    Simultaneous videoradiography and solid-state manometry (videomanometry) was applied in eight healthy volunteers (four women, four men; age range 25-64 years, mean age 41 years) without swallowing problems. Three different swallowing techniques were tested; supraglottic swallow, effortful swallow, and chin tuck. Seven videoradiographic variables and six manometric variables were analyzed. The supraglottic swallowing technique did not differ significantly from that of the control swallows. The effortful swallow had a significantly (p = 0.0001) reduced hyoid-mandibular distance preswallow due to an elevation of the hyoid and the larynx, which caused a significantly (p = 0.007) reduced maximal hyoid movement and a significantly (p = 0.009) reduced laryngeal elevation during swallow. The chin tuck swallow had a significantly (p = 0. 001) reduced laryngohyoid distance and also a significantly (p = 0. 004) reduced hyoid-mandibular distance. The chin tuck swallow also displayed significantly (p = 0.003) weaker pharyngeal contractions. Videomanometry allows for analysis of bolus transport, movement of anatomical structures, and measurement of intraluminal pressures. These variables are important when evaluating swallowing techniques. In the present study, we made a few observations that never have been reported before. When healthy volunteers performed supraglottic swallow, they performed the technique somewhat differently. Therefore, we assume dysphagic patients would need a substantial period of training to perform a technique efficiently. Chin tuck could impair protection of the airways in dysphagic patients with weak pharyngeal constrictor muscles.

  7. [Hole fracture of the base of the skull following a fall on the chin].

    PubMed

    Metzner, G; Stichnoth, E; Brinkmann, B

    1984-01-01

    A 26-year-old healthy female died a few hours after having fallen on her chin. Death had been caused by an epidural hematoma which originated from a hole fracture following impression of the condyle of the mandible through the socket of the temporo mandibular joint.

  8. [Analysis of articles published in Chin J Surg since founded in 1951].

    PubMed

    Xia, Shuang; Li, Jing

    2016-01-01

    To discuss the characteristics of the articles published in Chin J Surg from 1951 to 2015. The journals and articles of Acad Surg from 1951 to 1952 and Chin J Surg from 1953 to 2015 were analyzed. The subjects, foundation, basic medical study, international cooperation of the articles were recorded. In 65 years, there were 20 090 academic articles published in Chin J Surg. The proportions of general surgery, orthopedic surgery, thoracocardiac surgery, urology surgery and neurosurgery articles were 34.08%, 17.96%, 13.09%, 11.91% and 5.85%, respectively. There were 14.83% (1 728/11 653) articles receiving foundation, and 9.42% (1 817/19 290) articles reporting basic medical study. There were 14.8% articles from international authors and 119 articles with international cooperation. From 2000 to 2003, 29 articles in original English were published. The coverage of Chin J Surg contains all the fields of surgery. It tends to publish the studies focus on clinical issues.Through reinforcing the content plan and optimizing the show form, the more Chinese surgical research achievements could be shared by the surgeons worldwide.

  9. Method of induction could affect emotional outcomes: comment on markey, chin, vanepps, and loewenstein (2014 ).

    PubMed

    Bench, Shane W; Yaugher, Ashley C; Lench, Heather C

    2015-04-01

    Markey, Chin, Vanepps, and Loewenstein (2014) demonstrated six methods for the induction of boredom. However, a clear and testable definition of boredom should be established prior to experimental manipulation of the construct. Defining boredom from a functional emotion perspective is one approach that affords a definition separable from the outcomes associated with boredom and insight into which manipulations may effectively target the construct.

  10. Papular Acne Scars of the Nose and Chin: An Under-recognised Variant of Acne Scarring

    PubMed Central

    Ali, Faisal R; Kirk, Michael; Madan, Vishal

    2016-01-01

    Background: Scarring following acne vulgaris is common and can be of profound psychosocial consequence. Aims and Objectives: We have clinically noted a variant of acne scarring, overlooked by previous categorisation schemes, which we have denominated as papular acne scars of the nose and chin. We sought to characterise these novel entities further. Materials and Methods: Initially, we identified 14 patients with papular acne scars of the nose and chin in a cosmetic dermatology clinic, of whom two were female and rest were male. We then prospectively evaluated 100 consecutive patients attending our tertiary referral acne isotretinoin clinic and 49 patients attending a general dermatology clinic. Results: Amongst 149 patients, from a general dermatology and tertiary acne clinic, soft papular scars were noted in four patients, distributed on the nose and chin. Three of the four patients were male, three patients had additional acne scars and the median age was 23.5. Conclusions: We have identified 18 patients with papular acne scars of the nose and chin and propose that this new category should be added to acne scarring classification schemes. Future work should be directed at corroborating the epidemiology of such lesions and describing effective treatment modalities. PMID:28163455

  11. Seismic detections of the 15 February 2013 Chelyabinsk meteor from the dense ChinArray

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Lu; Wang, Baoshan; Peng, Zhigang; Wang, Weitao

    2016-08-01

    ChinArray is a dense portable broadband seismic network to cover the entire continental China, and the Phase I is deployed along the north-south seismic belt in southwest China. In this study, we analyze seismic data recorded on the ChinArray following the February 15, 2013 Chelyabinsk (Russia) meteor. This was the largest known object entering the Earth's atmosphere since the 1908 Tunguska meteor. The seismic energy radiated from this event was recorded by seismic stations worldwide including the dense ChinArray that are more than 4000 km away. The weak signal from the meteor event was contaminated by a magnitude 5.8 Tonga earthquake occurred ~20 min earlier. To test the feasibility of detecting the weak seismic signals from the meteor event, we compute vespagram and perform F-K analysis to the surface-wave data. We identify a seismic phase with back azimuth (BAZ) of 329.7° and slowness of 34.73 s/deg, corresponding to the surface wave from the Russian meteor event (BAZ ~325.97°). The surface magnitude ( M S) of the meteor event is 3.94 ± 0.18. We also perform similar analysis on the data from the broadband array F-net in Japan, and find the BAZ of the surface waves to be 316.61°. With the different BAZs of ChinArray and F-net, we locate the Russian meteor event at 58.80°N, 58.72°E. The relatively large mislocation (~438 km as compared with 55.15°N, 61.41°E by others) may be a result of the bending propagation path of surface waves, which deviates from the great circle path. Our results suggest that the dense ChinArray and its subarrays could be used to detect weak signals at teleseismic distances.

  12. Analysis of a dual domain phosphoglycosyl transferase reveals a ping-pong mechanism with a covalent enzyme intermediate

    PubMed Central

    Das, Debasis; Kuzmic, Petr

    2017-01-01

    Phosphoglycosyl transferases (PGTs) are integral membrane proteins with diverse architectures that catalyze the formation of polyprenol diphosphate-linked glycans via phosphosugar transfer from a nucleotide diphosphate-sugar to a polyprenol phosphate. There are two PGT superfamilies that differ significantly in overall structure and topology. The polytopic PGT superfamily, represented by MraY and WecA, has been the subject of many studies because of its roles in peptidoglycan and O-antigen biosynthesis. In contrast, less is known about a second, extensive superfamily of PGTs that reveals a core structure with dual domain architecture featuring a C-terminal soluble globular domain and a predicted N-terminal membrane-associated domain. Representative members of this superfamily are the Campylobacter PglCs, which initiate N-linked glycoprotein biosynthesis and are implicated in virulence and pathogenicity. Despite the prevalence of dual domain PGTs, their mechanism of action is unknown. Here, we present the mechanistic analysis of PglC, a prototypic dual domain PGT from Campylobacter concisus. Using a luminescence-based assay, together with substrate labeling and kinetics-based approaches, complementary experiments were carried out that support a ping-pong mechanism involving a covalent phosphosugar intermediate for PglC. Significantly, mass spectrometry-based approaches identified Asp93, which is part of a highly conserved AspGlu dyad found in all dual domain PGTs, as the active-site nucleophile of the enzyme involved in the formation of the covalent adduct. The existence of a covalent phosphosugar intermediate provides strong support for a ping-pong mechanism of PglC, differing fundamentally from the ternary complex mechanisms of representative polytopic PGTs. PMID:28630348

  13. Analysis of a dual domain phosphoglycosyl transferase reveals a ping-pong mechanism with a covalent enzyme intermediate.

    PubMed

    Das, Debasis; Kuzmic, Petr; Imperiali, Barbara

    2017-07-03

    Phosphoglycosyl transferases (PGTs) are integral membrane proteins with diverse architectures that catalyze the formation of polyprenol diphosphate-linked glycans via phosphosugar transfer from a nucleotide diphosphate-sugar to a polyprenol phosphate. There are two PGT superfamilies that differ significantly in overall structure and topology. The polytopic PGT superfamily, represented by MraY and WecA, has been the subject of many studies because of its roles in peptidoglycan and O-antigen biosynthesis. In contrast, less is known about a second, extensive superfamily of PGTs that reveals a core structure with dual domain architecture featuring a C-terminal soluble globular domain and a predicted N-terminal membrane-associated domain. Representative members of this superfamily are the Campylobacter PglCs, which initiate N-linked glycoprotein biosynthesis and are implicated in virulence and pathogenicity. Despite the prevalence of dual domain PGTs, their mechanism of action is unknown. Here, we present the mechanistic analysis of PglC, a prototypic dual domain PGT from Campylobacter concisus Using a luminescence-based assay, together with substrate labeling and kinetics-based approaches, complementary experiments were carried out that support a ping-pong mechanism involving a covalent phosphosugar intermediate for PglC. Significantly, mass spectrometry-based approaches identified Asp93, which is part of a highly conserved AspGlu dyad found in all dual domain PGTs, as the active-site nucleophile of the enzyme involved in the formation of the covalent adduct. The existence of a covalent phosphosugar intermediate provides strong support for a ping-pong mechanism of PglC, differing fundamentally from the ternary complex mechanisms of representative polytopic PGTs.

  14. Ping-pong amplification of a retroviral vector achieves high-level gene expression: human growth hormone production.

    PubMed Central

    Kozak, S L; Kabat, D

    1990-01-01

    Retroviral vectors offer major advantages for gene transfer studies but have not been useful for producing proteins in large quantities. This deficiency has resulted in part from interference to superinfection, which limits the numbers of active proviruses in cells. Recently, we found that these vectors amplify when they are added as calcium phosphate precipitates to cocultures of cells that package retroviruses into ecotropic and amphotropic host range envelopes. Helper-free virions from either cell type can infect the other without interference, resulting in theoretically limitless back-and-forth (ping-pong) vector replication. In initial studies, however, amplifications of a vector that contained the human growth hormone gene ceased when the hormone produced was 0.3% or less of cellular protein synthesis. This limit was caused by two factors. First, recombinant shutoff viruses that are replication defective and encode envelope glycoproteins form at a low probability during any round of the vector replication cycle and these spread in cocultures, thereby establishing interference. Single cells in shutoff cocultures therefore synthesize both ecotropic and amphotropic envelope glycoproteins, and they release promiscuous (presumably hybrid) virions. The probability of forming shutoff viruses before the vector had amplified to a high multiplicity was reduced by using small cocultures. Second, cells with large numbers of proviruses are unhealthy and their proviral expression can be unstable. Stable expresser cell clones were obtained by selection. Thereby, cell lines were readily obtained that stably produce human growth hormone as 4 to 6% of the total protein synthesis. A ping-pong retroviral vector can be used for high-level protein production in vertebrate cells. Images PMID:2352330

  15. Fiddler's neck: Chin rest-associated irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis in a violin player.

    PubMed

    Caero, Jennifer E; Cohen, Philip R

    2012-09-15

    Fiddler's neck refers to an irritant contact dermatitis on the submandibular neck of violin and viola players and an allergic contact dermatitis to nickel from the bracket attaching the violin to the chin rest on the violinist's supraclavicular neck. A 26-year-old woman developed submandibular and supraclavicular left neck lesions corresponding to the locations of the chin rest and bracket that was attached to her violin that held it against her neck when she played. Substitution of a composite chin rest, which did not contain nickel, and the short-term application of a low potency topical corticosteroid cream, resulted in complete resolution of the allergic contact dermatitis supraclavicular neck lesion. The irritant contact dermatitis submandibular neck lesion persisted. In conclusion, violin players are predisposed to developing irritant contact dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis from the chin rest. We respectfully suggest that the submandibular neck lesions from contact with the chin rest be referred to as 'fiddler's neck - type 1,' whereas the supraclavicular neck lesions resulting from contact of the bracket holding the chin rest in place be called 'fiddler's neck - type 2.' A composite chin rest should be considered in patients with a preceding history of allergic contact dermatitis to nickel.

  16. Effectiveness of chin-down posture to prevent tracheal aspiration in dysphagia secondary to acquired brain injury. A videofluoroscopy study.

    PubMed

    Terré, R; Mearin, F

    2012-05-01

    The chin-down posture is generally recommended in patients with neurogenic dysphagia to prevent tracheal aspiration; however, its effectiveness has not been demonstrated. To videofluoroscopically (VDF) assess the effectiveness of chin-down posture to prevent aspiration in patients with neurogenic dysphagia secondary to acquired brain injury. Randomized, alternating, cross-over study (with and without the chin-down posture) in 47 patients with a VDF diagnosis of aspiration [31 stroke, 16 traumatic brain injury (TBI)] and 25 controls without aspiration (14 stroke, 11 TBI). During the chin-down posture, 55% of patients avoided aspiration (40% preswallow aspiration and 60% aspiration during swallow). The percentage was similar in both etiologies (58% stroke and 50% TBI). Fifty-one percent of patients had silent aspiration; of these, 48% persisted with aspiration while in the chin-down posture. A statistically significant relationship was found between the existence of pharyngeal residue, cricopharyngeal dysfunction, pharyngeal delay time and bolus volume with the persistence of aspiration. The chin-down posture did not change swallow biomechanics in patients without aspiration. Only half the patients with acquired brain injury avoided aspiration during cervical flexion; 48% of silent aspirators continued to aspire during the maneuver. Several videofluoroscopic parameters were related to inefficiency of the maneuver. Therefore, the indication for chin-down posture should be evaluated by videofluoroscopic examination. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  17. Fitting the CHIN (community health information network) to the customer: three case studies.

    PubMed

    Rabunski, J S; Weil, J P

    1995-01-01

    Each of the case studies described above is typical of many health care organizations in the northeastern United States. The reasons each of these three organizations seeks to form or participate in a CHIN varies-from establishing the loyalty of practicing physicians in a community hospital's struggle to survive, through sharing of real-time patient care data in a successful community-wide effort to avoid expensive duplication of services, to driving the transition from a multihospital integrated delivery system to a full-risk accountable health plan. While the need to reduce costs, by taking advantage of economies of scale and prospectively monitoring utilization, is common to all three organizations, selecting the type of CHIN that best fits each scenario, with particular emphasis on aspects of control, is the key success factor.

  18. Numb chin syndrome as a manifestation of jaw metastasis diagnosed in a bone scan.

    PubMed

    Noriega, E; Sabaté-Llobera, A; Benítez, A; Martínez, G A; Rodríguez-Rubio, J; Mora, J

    2016-01-01

    In many cases, numb chin syndrome (NCS) may represent a banal pathology. However, as it can be associated with malignant processes, its presence should alert the clinician of a possible occult disease. In patients already diagnosed with cancer, it often represents an ominous sign that indicates poor prognosis, due to the rapid progress of the disease. The case is presented of a 62-year-old man diagnosed with synchronous lung and bladder cancer, who suddenly complained of numbness in the chin. The bone scan confirmed the suspicion of metastastic bone disease, and the patient died two months after the appearance of this sign. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  19. Bone resorption under chin implants: The orthodontist's role in its diagnosis and management.

    PubMed

    Polo, Mario

    2017-01-01

    Alloplastic chin implants have been a valuable treatment modality for the correction of microgenia. Their use has provided satisfactory esthetic results by improving facial balance. However, bone resorption under these implants can occur. Case reports of 4 patients with the incidental radiographic finding of the presence of chin implants are presented. All 4 subjects had lateral cephalograms and panoramic x-rays taken as part of their orthodontic evaluation. One had a normal mandibular symphyseal contour, and 3 had bone resorption under the implants. One subject had severe resorption. In addition to panoramic and cephalometric x-rays, the subject with severe resorption also had magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography as part of the evaluation workup.

  20. The Effect of Chin-cup Therapy in Class III Malocclusion: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Mousoulea, Sophia; Tsolakis, Ioannis; Ferdianakis, Efstratios; Tsolakis, Apostolos I.

    2016-01-01

    Background: The treatment of Class III malocclusion has been challenging for orthodontists. Among a plethora of treatment modalities, the chin-cup is considered a traditional appliance for early orthopedic intervention. Objective: The present study aims to investigate the current scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of chin-cup therapy in Class III malocclusion of prognathic growing patients. Method: A systematic review of the literature was conducted using PubMed/Medline and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from January 1954 to October 2015. Articles were selected based on established inclusion/ exclusion criteria. Results: The search strategy resulted in 3285 articles.14 studies were selected for the final analysis. They were all CCTs, 13 of retrospective and 1 of prospective design. Methodological quality was evaluated by a risk of bias assessment, as suggested by the Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Non-Randomized Studies on Interventions. The reported evidence presented favorable short-term outcomes both in hard and soft tissues improving the Class III profile, as well as desirable dento-alveolar changes, positively affecting the Class III malocclusion. Conclusion: There is considerable agreement between studies that chin-cup therapy can be considered for the short-term treatment of growing patients with Class III malocclusion, as indicated by favorable changes both in the hard and soft tissues. The existence of considerable risk of bias in all selected studies and the unclear long-term effectiveness of chin-cup therapy highlight the need for further investigation to draw reliable conclusions. PMID:28077971

  1. Geographic variation in chin shape challenges the universal facial attractiveness hypothesis.

    PubMed

    Thayer, Zaneta M; Dobson, Seth D

    2013-01-01

    The universal facial attractiveness (UFA) hypothesis proposes that some facial features are universally preferred because they are reliable signals of mate quality. The primary evidence for this hypothesis comes from cross-cultural studies of perceived attractiveness. However, these studies do not directly address patterns of morphological variation at the population level. An unanswered question is therefore: Are universally preferred facial phenotypes geographically invariant, as the UFA hypothesis implies? The purpose of our study is to evaluate this often overlooked aspect of the UFA hypothesis by examining patterns of geographic variation in chin shape. We collected symphyseal outlines from 180 recent human mandibles (90 male, 90 female) representing nine geographic regions. Elliptical Fourier functions analysis was used to quantify chin shape, and principle components analysis was used to compute shape descriptors. In contrast to the expectations of the UFA hypothesis, we found significant geographic differences in male and female chin shape. These findings are consistent with region-specific sexual selection and/or random genetic drift, but not universal sexual selection. We recommend that future studies of facial attractiveness take into consideration patterns of morphological variation within and between diverse human populations.

  2. Chin augmentation

    MedlinePlus

    ... Swelling Other possible complications include: Damage to the teeth Loss of feeling Rare side effects include: Blood clots Infection, sometimes the implant will have to be removed Pain that does ...

  3. Alveolar and Skeletal Chin Dimensions Associated with Lower Facial Height Among Different Divergent Patterns.

    PubMed

    Khan, Md Yaser Ahmed; Kishore, M S V; Bukhari, Syed Abid Altaf; Rachala, Madhukar Reddy; Sashidhar, Nagam Reddy

    2016-05-01

    Alveolar and skeletal chin dimensions with facial height have an impact on diagnosis and treatment planning in orthodontic patients and serves as a reference landmark for facial aesthetics. To evaluate the alveolar and skeleton chin dimensions among different divergent patterns, to evaluate the lower face height in different divergent growth patterns, to give an estimate to the oral surgeon for any adjunctive procedure. The study includes a total sample of 45 non-growing individuals (26 males and 19 females) from the archival records of the Orthodontic Department with age ranging between 18-25 years, classified into different divergent patterns based on the mandibular plane angle. The sample was divided into three groups, of which 15 patients in each group were evaluated: Group-1: Normodivergent, Group-2: Hypodivergent and Group-3: Hyperdivergent patterns respectively. Standardized digital lateral cephalograms and antero-posterior cephalograms of these patients were obtained in Natural Head Position (NHP). The results of the retrospective cephalometeric study were statistically analyzed by using ANOVA and Tukey's multiple post hoc test which showed that hard tissue chin measurement were greater in hypodivergent group (13.7mm) and the increased lower facial height showed statistically significant difference in high mandibular plane angle group (59.6mm). In antero-posterior cephalograms the transverse width showed statistically significant difference in normodivergent group (32.60mm). The anterio-posterior width of the symphysis was higher in hypodivergent growth pattern, whereas vertical height of the symphysis was greater in hyperdivergent group. The lower facial height among three groups showed statistically significant difference among hyperdivergent group. In comparison of all the three groups in Anterio-Posterior (AP) cephalograms, statistically significant difference was noted in normodivergent group when compared with the other two groups.

  4. [Valentin's nerve, its role in the innervation of the chin region. Preliminary report].

    PubMed

    Guyot, L; Cheynet, F; Faissal, A; Gola, R

    1998-06-01

    The mylo-hyoid nerve, a branch of the inferior alveolar nerve, gives rise to many motor and sensory branches. Motor branches innervate the anterior belly of the digastric muscle. Sensitive branches innervate the submandibular gland and also the skin just under the bony chin. Valentin's nerve, the terminal cutaneous branch of the myo-hyoid nerve (described by Valentin in 1843), can be damaged by horizontal mentoplasty (sliding-mentoplasty). Sensory disorders (hypoesthesia, anesthesia) can occur in case of Valentin's nerve injury without lesions to the mental nerve.

  5. Directional scattering from the glossy flower of Ranunculus: how the buttercup lights up your chin.

    PubMed

    Vignolini, Silvia; Thomas, Meredith M; Kolle, Mathias; Wenzel, Tobias; Rowland, Alice; Rudall, Paula J; Baumberg, Jeremy J; Glover, Beverley J; Steiner, Ullrich

    2012-06-07

    The bright and glossy appearance of the flowers of Ranunculus repens was investigated spectroscopically and the optical results were correlated with the layered anatomy of the petal. The highly directional reflected light arises from the partially transparent, pigment-bearing epidermal layer, while a more diffused yellow colour is the result of scattering from the lower starch layer. This directionality of the light reflections causes the unusually intense gloss of the buttercup flower and the strong yellow reflection evident when holding the flower under the chin.

  6. Directional scattering from the glossy flower of Ranunculus: how the buttercup lights up your chin

    PubMed Central

    Vignolini, Silvia; Thomas, Meredith M.; Kolle, Mathias; Wenzel, Tobias; Rowland, Alice; Rudall, Paula J.; Baumberg, Jeremy J.; Glover, Beverley J.; Steiner, Ullrich

    2012-01-01

    The bright and glossy appearance of the flowers of Ranunculus repens was investigated spectroscopically and the optical results were correlated with the layered anatomy of the petal. The highly directional reflected light arises from the partially transparent, pigment-bearing epidermal layer, while a more diffused yellow colour is the result of scattering from the lower starch layer. This directionality of the light reflections causes the unusually intense gloss of the buttercup flower and the strong yellow reflection evident when holding the flower under the chin. PMID:22171065

  7. Displacement of avulsed tooth into soft tissue of chin resulting from epileptic attack trauma.

    PubMed

    Karasu, Hakan Alpay; Uyanik, Lokman Onur; Koçyiğit, Ismail Doruk

    2005-04-01

    Maxillofacial trauma is the main cause of emergency admittance to dental clinics. Mental retardation and epileptic status are important factors in an increase in the risk of dental injuries. Tooth avulsion, which is the total displacement of a tooth out of its socket, is an infrequently observed entity. Maxillary central incisors are the most commonly affected teeth. The case of a patient with severe dental injury resulting from an epileptic attack is presented. He had several teeth avulsed and displacement of a tooth into the soft tissue of the chin.

  8. Optimization of the Chin Bar of a Composite-Shell Helmet to Mitigate the Upper Neck Force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farajzadeh Khosroshahi, S.; Galvanetto, U.; Ghajari, M.

    2016-11-01

    The chin bar of motorcycle full-face helmets is the most likely region of the helmet to sustain impacts during accidents, with a large percentage of these impacts leading to basilar skull fracture. Currently, helmet chin bars are designed to mitigate the peak acceleration at the centre of gravity of isolated headforms, as required by standards, but they are not designed to mitigate the neck force, which is probably the cause of basilar skull fracture, a type of head injury that can lead to fatalities. Here we test whether it is possible to increase the protection of helmet chin bars while meeting standard requirements. Fibre-reinforced composite shells are commonly used in helmets due to their lightweight and energy absorption characteristics. We optimize the ply orientation of a chin bar made of fibre-reinforced composite layers for reduction of the neck force in a dummy model using a computational approach. We use the finite element model of a human head/neck surrogate and measure the neck axial force, which has been shown to be correlated with the risk of basilar skull fracture. The results show that by varying the orientation of the chin bar plies, thus keeping the helmet mass constant, the neck axial force can be reduced by approximately 30% while ensuring that the helmet complies with the impact attenuation requirements prescribed in helmet standards.

  9. Optimization of the Chin Bar of a Composite-Shell Helmet to Mitigate the Upper Neck Force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farajzadeh Khosroshahi, S.; Galvanetto, U.; Ghajari, M.

    2017-08-01

    The chin bar of motorcycle full-face helmets is the most likely region of the helmet to sustain impacts during accidents, with a large percentage of these impacts leading to basilar skull fracture. Currently, helmet chin bars are designed to mitigate the peak acceleration at the centre of gravity of isolated headforms, as required by standards, but they are not designed to mitigate the neck force, which is probably the cause of basilar skull fracture, a type of head injury that can lead to fatalities. Here we test whether it is possible to increase the protection of helmet chin bars while meeting standard requirements. Fibre-reinforced composite shells are commonly used in helmets due to their lightweight and energy absorption characteristics. We optimize the ply orientation of a chin bar made of fibre-reinforced composite layers for reduction of the neck force in a dummy model using a computational approach. We use the finite element model of a human head/neck surrogate and measure the neck axial force, which has been shown to be correlated with the risk of basilar skull fracture. The results show that by varying the orientation of the chin bar plies, thus keeping the helmet mass constant, the neck axial force can be reduced by approximately 30% while ensuring that the helmet complies with the impact attenuation requirements prescribed in helmet standards.

  10. Ectoparasites of the black-chinned siskin Spinus barbatus (Passeriformes: Fringillidae) in Chile.

    PubMed

    Fuentes-Castillo, Danny; Cicchino, Armando; Mironov, Sergey; Moreno, Lucila; Landaeta-Aqueveque, Carlos; Barrientos, Carlos; González-Acuña, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Despite being a bird with a broad and extensive distribution in Chile, the black-chinned siskin, Spinus barbatus Molina, 1782 is not well studied in relation to its parasites. This paper aims to describe the ectoparasite fauna of S. barbatus in central and southern Chile. A total of 125 individuals caught with mist nets were examined alive; a total of 22 parasites were found dead and were exposed to parasit autopsy. The extracted parasites were preserved in 70% alcohol for subsequent mounting and identification. Ectoparasites were found in 56 black-chinned siskins (38%); 48 of them (33%) had 870 mites - 680 feather mites (Astigmata: Analgoidea) were identified as Proctophyllodes spini, 167 as Knemidokoptes jamaicensis, 19 as Strelkoviacarus critesi, and one as Analges passerinus. Moreover, three mites were chiggers belonging to the tribe Schoengastiini (Prostigmata: Trombiculidae). In 21 birds (14%), 54 lice were found, 21 of which were identified as Philopterus roehreri, 18 as Myrsidea serini, and 15 as Ricinus carolynae. Endoparasites were not found in the necropsied individuals. All of the parasites that were found represent new records for Chile, and they also serve as new records of host-parasite associations for S. barbatus.

  11. Numb chin syndrome with vagal and hypoglossal paralysis: an initial sign of an uncommon diagnosis.

    PubMed

    García-Álvarez, Sheila M; Olondo-Zulueta, Lourdes; Pericás, Juan Manuel; Colomo, Lluis; Bosch, Xavier

    2012-09-01

    In this study, the case of a 58-year-old man with a 2-month history of left chin paresthesia with difficulty swallowing and chewing, and dysphonia is reported. He had an absence of the gag reflex, unilateral palatal palsy and deviation of the tongue upon attempted protrusion with unilateral atrophy. Magnetic resonance imaging of the skull base revealed a tumoral infiltration of the left side of Meckel's cave, involvement of the clivus with extension into the cavernous sinus and signs of focal leptomeningeal infiltration. The patient was eventually diagnosed with generalized Burkitt's lymphoma. In this study, the authors suggest an initial diagnostic workup that includes a computed tomography scan of the mandible and a magnetic resonance imaging of the skull base searching for malignancy in patients with isolated numb chin syndrome, a rare disorder often associated with cancer, especially breast cancer and lymphoma, with mandibular metastases, leptomeningeal seeding and metastases of the base of the skull explaining the origin of the syndrome in most cases.

  12. Implementing web-based ping-pong-type e-communication to enhance staff satisfaction, multidisciplinary cooperation, and clinical effectiveness

    PubMed Central

    Yeh, Pei-Han; Hung, Shih-Kai; Lee, Moon-Sing; Chiou, Wen-Yen; Lai, Chun-Liang; Tsai, Wei-Ta; Hsieh, Hui-Ling; Shih, Yi-Ting; Chen, Liang-Cheng; Huang, Li-Wen; Lin, Yi-An; Lin, Po-Hao; Lin, Yung-Hsiang; Liu, Dai-Wei; Hsu, Feng-Chun; Tsai, Shiang-Jiun; Liu, Jia-Chi; Chung, En-Seu; Lin, Hon-Yi

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Frequent multidisciplinary communication is essential in conducting daily radiotherapy (RT) practice. However, traditional oral or paper-based communication has limitations. E-communication has been suggested, but its effects are still not well demarcated in the field of radiation oncology. Objects: In our web-based integrated information platform, we constructed a ping-pong-type e-communication function to transfer specific notations among multidisciplinary RT staffs. The purpose was to test whether applying this e-communication can increase effectiveness of multidisciplinary cooperation when compared with oral or paper-based practice. Staff satisfaction and clinical benefits were also demonstrated. Design and setting: A real-world quality-improving study was conducted in a large center of radiation oncology. Participants and dataset used: Before and after applying multidisciplinary e-communication (from 2014 to 2015), clinical RT staffs were surveyed for their user experience and satisfaction (n = 23). For measuring clinical effectiveness, a secondary database of irradiated head and neck cancer patients was re-analyzed for comparing RT toxicities (n = 402). Interventions: Applying ping-pong-type multidisciplinary reflective e-communication was the main intervention. Outcome measures: For measuring staff satisfaction, eight domains were surveyed, such as timeliness, convenience, and completeness. For measuring clinical effectiveness of multidisciplinary cooperation, event rates of severe (i.e., grade 3–4) RT mucositis and dermatitis were recorded. Results: Overall, when compared with oral communication only, e-communication demonstrated multiple benefits, particularly on notation-review convenience (2.00 ± 1.76 vs 9.19 ± 0.81; P < 0.0001). When compared with paper-based practice, e-communication showed statistically significant benefits on all eight domains, especially on notation-review convenience (5.05 ± 2.11 vs

  13. Treatment effects of chin cup appliance on mandible in Class III malocclusion: strain tensor analysis. A pilot study.

    PubMed

    Liu, Pao-Hsin; Chang, Chih-Han; Chang, Hong-Po; Chang, Hsin-Fu

    2004-09-01

    The effects of chin cup therapy on the mandible in Class III malocclusions have been investigated extensively via cephalometric analyses. However, the actual sites of mandibular skeletal change are not detectable with conventional cephalometric analysis. It is important to elucidate the association between remodeling of the mandible with the mechanical stress applied with chin cup therapy. In this study, the geometric morphometric changes in the mandible from chin cup force and/or growth were investigated using strain tensor analysis. This geometric morphometric analysis reveals that mandibular deformation arises partly due to a size change and partly due to a shape change. The direction and magnitude of principal vectors of the strain tensors may provide more information about this deformation. Strain tensor analysis may show the degree of transformation within the mandibular geometric configuration due to treatment effects and/or growth changes as seen on lateral cephalometric radiographs.

  14. A systematic review on soft-to-hard tissue ratios in orthognathic surgery part II: Chin procedures.

    PubMed

    San Miguel Moragas, Joan; Oth, Olivier; Büttner, Michael; Mommaerts, Maurice Y

    2015-10-01

    Precise soft-to-hard tissue ratios in orthofacial chin procedures are not well established. The aim of this study was to determine useful soft-to-hard tissue ratios for planning the magnitude of sliding genioplasty (chin osteotomy), osseous chin recontouring and alloplastic chin augmentation. A systematic review of English and non-English articles using PubMed central, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, Science Citation Index, Elsevier Science Direct Complete, Highwire Press, Springer Standard Collection, SAGE premier 2011, DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals, Sweetswise, Free E-Journals, Ovid Lippincott Williams & Wilkins total Access Collection, Wiley Online Library Journals, and Cochrane Plus databases from their onset until July 2014. Additional studies were identified by searching the references. Search terms included soft tissue, ratios, genioplasty, mentoplasty, chin, genial AND advancement, augmentation, setback, retrusion, impaction, reduction, vertical deficit, widening, narrowing, and expansion. Study selection criteria were as follows: only academic publications; human patients; no reviews; systematic reviews or meta-analyses; no cadavers; no syndromic patients; no pathology at the chin or mandible region; only articles of level of evidence from I to IV; number of patients must be cited in the articles; hard-to-soft tissue ratios must be cited in the articles or at least are able to be calculated with the quantitative data available in the article; if all patients of one article have had bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) performed along with chin osteotomy, there should be an independent group evaluation of the data concerning to the chin; and no restriction regarding the size of the group. Independent extraction of articles by two authors using predefined data fields, including study quality indicators (level of evidence). The search identified 22 articles. Eleven additional articles were found in their reference sections. Of these, two were

  15. Not by the Red on My Chinny Chin Chin: A Case of Mandibular Osteomyelitis in a 5-Year-Old Girl.

    PubMed

    Wallin, Dina; Kienstra, Andrew J

    2016-05-01

    Osteomyelitis is not an uncommon emergency department diagnosis in pediatric patients, and most cases are in the lower extremities. Children can present with acute, subacute, or chronic erythema, pain, swelling, or decreased use of the extremity; some patients will also have fever or elevated serum inflammatory markers, or both. We present the case of a healthy 5-year-old girl who presented to the emergency department with 3 weeks of painless chin swelling and 2 days of erythema and pain. While laboratory testing was normal, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated osteomyelitis of the mandible, later confirmed by biopsy. After 4 weeks of intravenous antibiotics and an additional 2 weeks of oral antibiotics, the patient recovered completely without any residual findings. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: This case demonstrates that osteomyelitis can develop in previously healthy, fully vaccinated children with competent immune systems. Systemic findings (ie, fever and elevated serum inflammatory markers) may be absent, and osteomyelitis should always be considered in the differential diagnosis for a child presenting with subacute to chronic cutaneous findings without other clear explanation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Simulation study comparing the helmet-chin PET with a cylindrical PET of the same number of detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Abdella M.; Tashima, Hideaki; Yoshida, Eiji; Nishikido, Fumihiko; Yamaya, Taiga

    2017-06-01

    There is a growing interest in developing brain PET scanners with high sensitivity and high spatial resolution for early diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases and studies of brain functions. Sensitivity of the PET scanner can be improved by increasing the solid angle. However, conventional PET scanners are designed based on a cylindrical geometry, which may not be the most efficient design for brain imaging in terms of the balance between sensitivity and cost. We proposed a dedicated brain PET scanner based on a hemispheric shape detector and a chin detector (referred to as the helmet-chin PET), which is designed to maximize the solid angle by increasing the number of lines-of-response in the hemisphere. The parallax error, which PET scanners with a large solid angle tend to have, can be suppressed by the use of depth-of-interaction detectors. In this study, we carry out a realistic evaluation of the helmet-chin PET using Monte Carlo simulation based on the 4-layer GSO detector which consists of a 16  ×  16  ×  4 array of crystals with dimensions of 2.8  ×  2.8  ×  7.5 mm3. The purpose of this simulation is to show the gain in imaging performance of the helmet-chin PET compared with the cylindrical PET using the same number of detectors in each configuration. The sensitivity of the helmet-chin PET evaluated with a cylindrical phantom has a significant increase, especially at the top of the (field-of-view) FOV. The peak-NECR of the helmet-chin PET is 1.4 times higher compared to the cylindrical PET. The helmet-chin PET provides relatively low noise images throughout the FOV compared to the cylindrical PET which exhibits enhanced noise at the peripheral regions. The results show the helmet-chin PET can significantly improve the sensitivity and reduce the noise in the reconstructed images.

  17. Investigation of the optimal detector arrangement for the helmet-chin PET - A simulation study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Abdella M.; Tashima, Hideaki; Yoshida, Eiji; Yamaya, Taiga

    2017-06-01

    High sensitivity and high spatial resolution dedicated brain PET scanners are in high demand for early diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases and studies of brain functions. To meet the demand, we have proposed the helmet-chin PET geometry which has a helmet detector and a chin detector. Our first prototype scanner used 54 4-layer depth-of-interaction (DOI) detectors. The helmet detector of the scanner had three detector rings with different radii arranged on a surface of a hemisphere (with a radius of 126.5 mm) and a top cover detector. Therefore, in this study, for our next development, we propose a spherical arrangement, in which the central axis of each detector points toward the center of the hemisphere, and we optimize the size of the detector crystal block to be arranged on the helmet detector. We simulate the spherical arrangement with the optimized crystal block size and compare its imaging performance with the multi-ring arrangement, which has a similar detector arrangement to that of our first prototype. We conduct Monte Carlo simulation to model the scanners having the 4-layer DOI detectors which consist of LYSO crystals. A dead space of 2 mm is assumed on each side of the crystal blocks such as for wrapping. The size of the crystal block is varied from 4×4 mm2 to 54×54 mm2 while fixing the thickness of the crystal block to 20 mm. We find that the crystal block sized at 42×42 mm2 has the highest sensitivity for a hemispherical phantom. The comparison of the two arrangements with the optimized crystal blocks show that, for the same number of crystal blocks, the spherical arrangement has 17% higher sensitivity for the hemispherical phantom than the multi-ring arrangement. We conclude that the helmet-chin PET with the spherical arrangement constructed from the crystal block sized at 42×42×20 mm3 has better imaging performance especially at the upper part of the brain compared to the multi-ring arrangement while keeping similar spatial resolution

  18. Reconstructive surgery with chin block graft and esthetic rehabilitation of missing anterior tooth

    PubMed Central

    Bansal, Preetika; Bansal, Pardeep

    2014-01-01

    The complete and predictable restoration of the periodontium following infection or trauma remains a critical objective in regenerative therapy. Bone grafts remain among the most widely used therapeutic strategies for the correction of periodontal osseous defects. For periodontally compromised anterior teeth, reconstruction of the ridge along with natural tooth pontic serves both the purpose of regeneration and esthetics. The right lower central incisor of a 28-year-old male that was periodontally compromised was extracted. Autogenous chin grafting followed by retrograde surgery of the extracted tooth and replacement by natural tooth pontic was done. After 6 months, there was significant improvement in clinical picture and bone fill. This procedure provided excellent regenerative and esthetic results for the periodontally compromised lost anterior tooth. PMID:24872642

  19. Province-based self-remediation efficiency of the Tha Chin river basin, Thailand.

    PubMed

    Thaipichitburapa, P; Meksumpun, C; Meksumpun, S

    2010-01-01

    The Tha Chin River Basin located in the great central basin of Thailand is used for water supply, aquaculture, transportation, and recreation as well as a sink for wastewater discharges. Because of gradual deterioration of water quality and fishery resources, this study aimed to explain recent status of the river self-remediation efficiency that was influenced by nutrient inputs and outputs from the river system. Field surveys were carried out during May 2007 (early rainy season) and October 2007 (late rainy season) within the Tha Chin River located in 4 provinces; Chainat, Suphan Buri, Nakhon Pathom, and Samut Sakhon. The nutrient budgets in each province section were analyzed. Results indicated that the river was in eutrophic condition all year round. High nitrogen and phosphorus loads from surrounding agricultural land use, agro-industry, and community continuously flew into the river system. Those nutrient concentrations were higher in the early rainy season than the late rainy season. The lowest river zone (in Samut Sakhon province) indicated highest dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and orthophosphate phosphorus (P) discharges of 145.54 and 36.14 tons/day, respectively. The highest remediation efficiency of the river (ca 60% of the total input) was found in the uppermost area of Suphan Buri province. The lowest remediation efficiency (ca 12%) was found in Samut Sakhon province. From the overall view, long term monitoring of river and estuarine DIN and P should be conducted. To make better condition of aquatic environment and fishery resource in each province-based section, the controls of DIN and P remediation efficiencies (e.g. by effective management of flow speed) at 20 and 50%, respectively, were recommended.

  20. Comparison of modified chin lift technique with EC technique for mask ventilation in adult apneic patients

    PubMed Central

    Rajappa, Geetha C.; Parate, Leena Harshad; Tejesh, C. A.; Prathima, P. T.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Mask ventilation (MV) is an essential basic life support skill. We used chin lift maneuver for MV and named as modified chin lift technique (MCL). EC technique is most common technique used for MV. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of both techniques for MV in term of expired tidal volume (TV). Secondarily, we also assessed the effect of experience on the performance of these both techniques. Settings and Design: The study area was operation theater of our hospital. This was a prospective, randomized, crossover study. Methods: A total 108 adults undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia were recruited. In all patients, operators (novice/anesthesiologist) randomly performed both techniques either to start with EC or MCL technique. Expired TV was measured for one minute for each technique. Statistical Analysis: Paired t-test was used to compare TV. Results and Conclusion: The mean TV was significantly higher in MCL group than EC group (528.08 [104.96] ml vs. 483.39 [103] ml; P < 0.001). The novice (521.89 [117.9] ml vs. 478.70 [130.29] ml; P < 0.001) as well as anesthesiologists (534.27 [110.85] ml vs. 488.08 [111.6] ml; P < 0.001) was able to generate significantly more TV with MCL technique than EC technique. The TV did not differ significantly between novice and anesthesiologist for EC technique (P = 0.474) or MCL technique (P = 0.187). Novices as well as anesthesiologist felt MCL technique more satisfactory (70%). Clinical Trial Registration: CTRI/2016/04/006874. PMID:27746566

  1. Comparison of modified chin lift technique with EC technique for mask ventilation in adult apneic patients.

    PubMed

    Rajappa, Geetha C; Parate, Leena Harshad; Tejesh, C A; Prathima, P T

    2016-01-01

    Mask ventilation (MV) is an essential basic life support skill. We used chin lift maneuver for MV and named as modified chin lift technique (MCL). EC technique is most common technique used for MV. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of both techniques for MV in term of expired tidal volume (TV). Secondarily, we also assessed the effect of experience on the performance of these both techniques. The study area was operation theater of our hospital. This was a prospective, randomized, crossover study. A total 108 adults undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia were recruited. In all patients, operators (novice/anesthesiologist) randomly performed both techniques either to start with EC or MCL technique. Expired TV was measured for one minute for each technique. Paired t-test was used to compare TV. The mean TV was significantly higher in MCL group than EC group (528.08 [104.96] ml vs. 483.39 [103] ml; P < 0.001). The novice (521.89 [117.9] ml vs. 478.70 [130.29] ml; P < 0.001) as well as anesthesiologists (534.27 [110.85] ml vs. 488.08 [111.6] ml; P < 0.001) was able to generate significantly more TV with MCL technique than EC technique. The TV did not differ significantly between novice and anesthesiologist for EC technique (P = 0.474) or MCL technique (P = 0.187). Novices as well as anesthesiologist felt MCL technique more satisfactory (70%). CTRI/2016/04/006874.

  2. Children with Multiple Disabilities and Minimal Motor Behavior Using Chin Movements to Operate Microswitches to Obtain Environmental Stimulation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Tota, Alessia; Antonucci, Massimo; Oliva, Doretta

    2006-01-01

    In these two studies, two children with multiple disabilities and minimal motor behavior were assessed to see if they could use chin movements to operate microswitches to obtain environmental stimulation. In Study I, we applied an adapted version of a recently introduced electronic microswitch [Lancioni, G. E., O'Reilly, M. F., Singh, N. N.,…

  3. Why do humans have chins? Testing the mechanical significance of modern human symphyseal morphology with finite element analysis.

    PubMed

    Gröning, Flora; Liu, Jia; Fagan, Michael J; O'Higgins, Paul

    2011-04-01

    The modern human mandibular symphysis differs from those of all other primates in being vertically orientated and possessing a chin, but the functional significance of this unique morphology is not well understood. Some hypotheses propose that it is an adaptation to specific loads occurring during masticatory function. This study uses finite element analysis to examine these symphyseal loads in a model of a modern human mandible. By modifying the symphyseal cross-sectional form, the mechanical significance of the presence of the chin and symphyseal orientation is tested, and modern human and Neanderthal symphyseal cross-sections are compared with regard to their ability to withstand different loads. The results show that changes in symphyseal form have profound effects on the strains. The presence of a chin leads to lower symphyseal strains overall, whereas a vertical orientation of the symphysis results in higher strains under wishboning, but not under vertical bending in the coronal plane and dorsoventral shear. Compared to Neanderthals, the modern human symphysis shows higher strains during dorsoventral shear and wishboning, but is as effective as the Neanderthal symphysis in resisting vertical bending in the coronal plane and the loads resulting from simulated incision and unilateral molar biting. In general, the results of this study corroborate prior hypotheses about the mechanical effects of the human chin and vertical symphyseal orientation and support the idea that the relative importance of wishboning and vertical bending in the coronal plane might have played a role in the evolution of modern human symphyseal morphology.

  4. Effect on the contour of bone and soft tissue one year after harvesting chin bone for alveolar cleft repair.

    PubMed

    Dik, E A; de Ruiter, A P; van der Bilt, A; Koole, R

    2010-10-01

    In this study the authors evaluate and quantify the residual bony defect in the mandibular symphysis and its effect on the soft tissue contour a minimum of 1 year after harvesting chin bone. 59 ASA I cleft lip and palate patients, aged 8-19 years were included. In all patients an autologous bone graft from the mandibular symphysis was harvested for transplantation to the alveolar cleft. Lateral cephalograms were used to measure the donor site defects, and the effects on the soft tissue contour. An evident residual defect was measured at the donor site 1 year after harvesting chin bone. A significant relation was seen between age at time of surgery and size of the defect 1 year postoperatively. In older patients a larger defect remained. Using the current surgical technique of harvesting chin bone, complete bony repair of the defect was not achieved. This study shows postoperatively persisting defects that comprise on average 14% of the original peroperative defects. A significant increase in soft tissue thickness was seen at the mandibular symphysis at a minimum of 1 year postoperatively. These changes in the soft tissue chin contour 1 year after harvesting bone are similar to normal growth changes. Copyright © 2010 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Functional connectivity patterns of normal human swallowing: difference among various viscosity swallows in normal and chin-tuck head positions.

    PubMed

    Jestrović, Iva; Coyle, James L; Perera, Subashan; Sejdić, Ervin

    2016-12-01

    Consuming thicker fluids and swallowing in the chin-tuck position has been shown to be advantageous for some patients with neurogenic dysphagia who aspirate due to various causes. The anatomical changes caused by these therapeutic techniques are well known, but it is unclear whether these changes alter the cerebral processing of swallow-related sensorimotor activity. We sought to investigate the effect of increased fluid viscosity and chin-down posture during swallowing on brain networks. 55 healthy adults performed water, nectar-thick, and honey thick liquid swallows in the neutral and chin-tuck positions while EEG signals were recorded. After pre-processing of the EEG timeseries, the time-frequency based synchrony measure was used for forming the brain networks to investigate whether there were differences among the brain networks between the swallowing of different fluid viscosities and swallowing in different head positions. We also investigated whether swallowing under various conditions exhibit small-world properties. Results showed that fluid viscosity affects the brain network in the Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta, and Gamma frequency bands and that swallowing in the chin-tuck head position affects brain networks in the Alpha, Beta, and Gamma frequency bands. In addition, we showed that swallowing in all tested conditions exhibited small-world properties. Therefore, fluid viscosity and head positions should be considered in future swallowing EEG investigations. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. A comparison of single-handed chin lift and two-handed jaw thrust for tracheal intubation using a lightwand.

    PubMed

    Yang, Seong-Mi; Kim, Hyerim; Chang, Jee-Eun; Min, Seong-Won; Lee, Jung-Man; Hwang, Jin-Young

    2017-02-01

    In the present study, we evaluated the effects of single-handed chin lift and two-handed jaw thrust on lightwand-guided intubation and postoperative sore throat. Sixty adult patients were included in the study. After induction of anesthesia, intubation was performed using a lightwand under single-handed chin lift or two-handed jaw thrust. In the single-handed chin lift group, the lightwand was inserted with the right hand after the mandible was lifted by placing the thumb of the left hand into the mouth. In the two-handed jaw thrust group, the lightwand was inserted while jaw thrust was achieved by an assistant using two hands. Lightwand search time, number of intubation attempts, and time to achieve intubation were assessed. Heart rate and mean arterial pressure were measured before and after intubation. Postoperative sore throat was evaluated at 1 and 24 h after surgery. Lightwand search time was significantly shorter in the two-handed jaw thrust group compared to the single-handed chin lift group (7.2 ± 4.6 vs. 12.1 ± 9.1 s, respectively; p = 0.016). The two-handed jaw thrust group had shorter intubation time than the single-handed chin lift group (21.0 ± 6.6 vs. 27.9 ± 9.9 s, respectively; p = 0.004). The number of intubation attempts and hemodynamic changes during intubation were similar between the two groups. The incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat were lower at 24 h after surgery in the two-handed jaw thrust group compared with the single-handed chin lift group (p = 0.011). The two-handed jaw thrust facilitated lightwand-guided intubation, and reduced the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat compared to the single-handed chin lift.

  7. GM2 gangliosidosis associated with a HEXA missense mutation in Japanese Chin dogs: a potential model for Tay Sachs disease.

    PubMed

    Sanders, Douglas N; Zeng, Rong; Wenger, David A; Johnson, Gary S; Johnson, Gayle C; Decker, Jared E; Katz, Martin L; Platt, Simon R; O'Brien, Dennis P

    2013-01-01

    GM2 gangliosidosis is a fatal lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of β-hexosaminidase (EC 3.2.1.52). There are two major isoforms of the enzyme: hexosaminidase A composed of an α and a β subunit (encoded by HEXA and HEXB genes, respectively); and, hexosaminidase B composed of two β subunits. Hexosaminidase A requires an activator protein encoded by GM2A to catabolize GM2 ganglioside, but even in the absence of the activator protein, it can hydrolyze the synthetic substrates commonly used to assess enzyme activity. GM2 gangliosidosis has been reported in Japanese Chin dogs, and we identified the disease in two related Japanese Chin dogs based on clinical signs, histopathology and elevated brain GM2 gangliosides. As in previous reports, we found normal or elevated hexosaminidase activity when measured with the synthetic substrates. This suggested that the canine disease is analogous to human AB variant of G(M2) gangliosidosis, which results from mutations in GM2A. However, only common neutral single nucleotide polymorphisms were found upon sequence analysis of the canine ortholog of GM2A from the affected Japanese Chins. When the same DNA samples were used to sequence HEXA, we identified a homozygous HEXA:c967G>A transition which predicts a p.E323K substitution. The glutamyl moiety at 323 is known to make an essential contribution to the active site of hexosaminidase A, and none of the 128 normal Japanese Chins and 92 normal dogs of other breeds that we tested was homozygous for HEXA:c967A. Thus it appears that the HEXA:c967G>A transition is responsible for the GM2 gangliosidosis in Japanese Chins.

  8. Grafts and implants in nasal and chin augmentation. A rational approach to material selection.

    PubMed

    Adams, J S

    1987-11-01

    considered. A good example is the nose. Its mobility and thin soft-tissue coverage lead to extrusion of firm implants such as Silastic. By contrast, Silastic works well for chin augmentation. Also, consider present or future bacterial contamination in the area. This is especially important in nasal augmentation, where infection and extrusion can lead to unacceptable deformities. In general, nasal augmentation is best achieved in most circumstances by cartilage. If this is unavailable, then Supramid has a proven record for good tissue compatibility and resistance to infection. For the chin, Silastic (either rubber- or gel-filled prostheses) produces the most pleasing and long-lasting results.

  9. Localized ridge augmentation with chin grafts and resorbable pins: case reports.

    PubMed

    Urbani, G; Lombardo, G; Santi, E; Tarnow, D

    1998-08-01

    Six block grafts harvested from the mandibular symphysis were used to augment partially atrophied ridges. Three maxillary defects and three mandibular defects were treated in five patients. Autologous bone grafts from the chin were stabilized in the recipient sites with resorbable pins and no membranes were used over the grafts. Healing proceeded without complications. At 3 to 4 months the external cortical surface of the grafts progressively resorbed and the profiles of the pins protruded from underneath the buccal tissue that covered the augmented areas. However, the pins never perforated the tissue and they were resorbed macroscopically within 4 to 6 months. At 6 months the areas treated showed successful ridge augmentation and when exposed for stage 2 surgery, remnants of the pin holes on the external surface of the repaired defects were detected. Radiographic evaluation of the block grafts was performed at 3 and 6 months and histologic specimens were obtained at 6 months; the specimens demonstrated incomplete pin resorption and encapsulation. A severe foreign-body reaction was detected in one case. The presence of an acellular bone matrix in certain sections and a normal bone pattern with a cellular component in others was a consistant finding. ITI endosseous Implants were placed with excellent primary stability in all treated cases.

  10. Prostate adenocarcinoma mandibular metastasis associated with numb chin syndrome: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to report a rare case of mandibular adenocarcinoma that was diagnosed due to metastasis from the prostate. Numb chin syndrome (NCS), which was associated with this case, is also discussed. Computed tomography (CT) and an intraoral incisional biopsy of the left mandibular area were performed. Urology consultation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy and follow-up radiographic images were administered. Histological examination of the incised specimen revealed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. The Gleason score was 8 (primary 4/secondary 4). Immunohistochemical features and radiographic results confirmed the diagnosis of metastasis from prostate adenocarcinoma, moderately differentiated. The patient's prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was very high. After hormone treatment, the patient's PSA levels dropped gradually. Seventeen months later, in May 2015, the PSA level was elevated. The 18-month follow-up CT image indicated that the patient's condition was aggravated. Docetaxel chemotherapy was started in June 2015 (18 months later), and the sixth cycle of the therapy is in progress. Oral metastases that originate from prostate adenocarcinoma are rare and can induce various periosteal reactions. Hormone therapy, chemotherapy and close follow-up could be additional, appropriate treatment, and were applied in this case. Finally, NCS is a valuable indicator of metastatic disease in the mandible. PMID:27847740

  11. Vertical chin augmentation with interpositional porous polyethylene implants: a histologic study in monkeys.

    PubMed

    Magro-Filho, O; Kallal, R; Rangel-Garcia Júnior, I; Magro-Ernica, N

    1999-01-01

    The objective of this paper was to evaluate histologically the tissue reaction in the chin after a vertical augmentation using interpositional porous polyethylene (PPE) implants in monkeys. Six monkeys (Cebus apella) underwent an anterior horizontal mandibular osteotomy with implantation of an interpositional PPE implant to increase the vertical height. The animals were sacrificed 5 months postoperatively. Histologic preparations were stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The perimeter of the interface between the implant and the bone, the implant and the trabecular space, and the implant and the fibrous capsule were quantified using the NIH Image Analysis System (Image 1.60/PPC). In addition, the Tukey test was done. The study demonstrated that bone growth takes place within the pores of the implant; a fibrous capsule exists in some animals, where the implant has contact with the periosteum and mentalis muscle with few chronic inflammatory cells; and the 3 different tissues responded in statistically different manners. Perimeter analysis revealed 68.9% implant-bone contact, 22.9% implant-fibrous tissue contact, and 8.2% implant-trabecular space contact.

  12. Teaghrelins, unique acylated flavonoid tetraglycosides in Chin-shin oolong tea, are putative oral agonists of the ghrelin receptor.

    PubMed

    Lo, Yuan-Hao; Chen, Ying-Jie; Chang, Chi-I; Lin, Yi-Wen; Chen, Chung-Yu; Lee, Maw-Rong; Lee, Viola S Y; Tzen, Jason T C

    2014-06-04

    Chin-shin oolong tea, a popular tea in Taiwan, was empirically perceived to induce hunger and accelerate gastric emptying in a manner similar to the physiological effects of ghrelin, an endogenous acylated peptide known as the hunger hormone. Two unique acylated flavonoid tetraglycosides previously identified in Chin-shin oolong tea were demonstrated to induce hunger of rats in a food intake assay and, thus, named teaghrelin-1 and teaghrelin-2. Similar to GHRP-6, a synthetic analogue of ghrelin, teaghrelin-1 stimulated growth hormone secretion of rat primary anterior pituitary cells in a dose-dependent manner, and the stimulation was inhibited by [D-Arg(1),D-Phe(5),D-Trp(7,9),Leu(11)]-substance P, an antagonist of the ghrelin receptor. While teaghrelin-2 remained unmodified, a meta-O-methylated metabolite of teaghrelin-1 was detected in bile of rats after intravenous injection. Presumably, teaghrelins are promising oral agonists of the ghrelin receptor.

  13. Assessment of the suitability of using a forehead EEG electrode set and chin EMG electrodes for sleep staging in polysomnography.

    PubMed

    Myllymaa, Sami; Muraja-Murro, Anu; Westeren-Punnonen, Susanna; Hukkanen, Taina; Lappalainen, Reijo; Mervaala, Esa; Töyräs, Juha; Sipilä, Kirsi; Myllymaa, Katja

    2016-12-01

    Recently, a number of portable devices designed for full polysomnography at home have appeared. However, current scalp electrodes used for electroencephalograms are not practical for patient self-application. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of recently introduced forehead electroencephalogram electrode set and supplementary chin electromyogram electrodes for sleep staging. From 31 subjects (10 male, 21 female; age 31.3 ± 11.8 years), sleep was recorded simultaneously with a forehead electroencephalogram electrode set and with a standard polysomnography setup consisting of six recommended electroencephalogram channels, two electrooculogram channels and chin electromyogram. Thereafter, two experienced specialists scored each recording twice, based on either standard polysomnography or forehead recordings. Sleep variables recorded with the forehead electroencephalogram electrode set and separate chin electromyogram electrodes were highly consistent with those obtained with the standard polysomnography. There were no statistically significant differences in total sleep time, sleep efficiency or sleep latencies. However, compared with the standard polysomnography, there was a significant increase in the amount of stage N1 and N2, and a significant reduction in stage N3 and rapid eye movement sleep. Overall, epoch-by-epoch agreement between the methods was 79.5%. Inter-scorer agreement for the forehead electroencephalogram was only slightly lower than that for standard polysomnography (76.1% versus 83.2%). Forehead electroencephalogram electrode set as supplemented with chin electromyogram electrodes may serve as a reliable and simple solution for recording total sleep time, and may be adequate for measuring sleep architecture. Because this electrode concept is well suited for patient's self-application, it may offer a significant advancement in home polysomnography. © 2016 European Sleep Research Society.

  14. Quantifying the uncertainties of climate change effects on the storage-yield and performance characteristics of the Pong multi-purpose reservoir, India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soundharajan, B.; Adeloye, A. J.; Remesan, R.

    2015-06-01

    Climate change is predicted to affect water resources infrastructure due to its effect on rainfall, temperature and evapotranspiration. However, there are huge uncertainties on both the magnitude and direction of these effects. The Pong reservoir on the Beas River in northern India serves irrigation and hydropower needs. The hydrology of the catchment is highly influenced by Himalayan seasonal snow and glaciers, and Monsoon rainfall; the changing pattern of the latter and the predicted disappearance of the former will have profound effects on the performance of the reservoir. This study employed a Monte-Carlo simulation approach to characterise the uncertainties in the future storage requirements and performance of the reservoir. Using a calibrated rainfall-runoff (R-R) model, the baseline runoff scenario was first simulated. The R-R inputs (rainfall and temperature) were then perturbed using plausible delta-changes to produce simulated climate change runoff scenarios. Stochastic models of the runoff were developed and used to generate ensembles of both the current and climate-change perturbed future scenarios. The resulting runoff ensembles were used to simulate the behaviour of the reservoir and determine "populations" of reservoir storage capacity and performance characteristics. Comparing these parameters between the current and the perturbed provided the population of climate change effects which was then analysed to determine the uncertainties. The results show that contrary to the usual practice of using single records, there is wide variability in the assessed impacts. This variability or uncertainty will, no doubt, complicate the development of climate change adaptation measures; however, knowledge of its sheer magnitude as demonstrated in this study will help in the formulation of appropriate policy and technical interventions for sustaining and possibly enhancing water security for irrigation and other uses served by Pong reservoir.

  15. Health and human rights in Chin State, Western Burma: a population-based assessment using multistaged household cluster sampling.

    PubMed

    Sollom, Richard; Richards, Adam K; Parmar, Parveen; Mullany, Luke C; Lian, Salai Bawi; Iacopino, Vincent; Beyrer, Chris

    2011-02-08

    The Chin State of Burma (also known as Myanmar) is an isolated ethnic minority area with poor health outcomes and reports of food insecurity and human rights violations. We report on a population-based assessment of health and human rights in Chin State. We sought to quantify reported human rights violations in Chin State and associations between these reported violations and health status at the household level. Multistaged household cluster sampling was done. Heads of household were interviewed on demographics, access to health care, health status, food insecurity, forced displacement, forced labor, and other human rights violations during the preceding 12 months. Ratios of the prevalence of household hunger comparing exposed and unexposed to each reported violation were estimated using binomial regression, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were constructed. Multivariate models were done to adjust for possible confounders. Overall, 91.9% of households (95% CI 89.7%-94.1%) reported forced labor in the past 12 months. Forty-three percent of households met FANTA-2 (Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II project) definitions for moderate to severe household hunger. Common violations reported were food theft, livestock theft or killing, forced displacement, beatings and torture, detentions, disappearances, and religious and ethnic persecution. Self reporting of multiple rights abuses was independently associated with household hunger. Our findings indicate widespread self-reports of human rights violations. The nature and extent of these violations may warrant investigation by the United Nations or International Criminal Court. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.

  16. Seismic Observations of the 15 February 2013 Chelyabinsk Meteor from Dense ChinArray

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    LI, L.; Wang, B.; Peng, Z.; Wang, W.

    2014-12-01

    Since the 1908 Tunguska event, the largest meteor was reported on 15 February 2013 around 03:20:00 UTC. The fireball exploded and dropped near Chelyabinsk, Russia. Massive energy released by meteor crash was recorded by the 500-station ChinArray deployed in southwest China at distances more than 4000 kilometers from the meteor event. About 20 minutes before the meteor event, an M5.8 event occurred in Tonga, and produced seismic waves that overlapped with the seismic signals from the meteor event. Here we separate the seismic phases from the two events using standard array processing techniques such as F-K analysis, beam-forming, and vespagram in the Generic Array Processing (GAP) code (Koper, 2005). F-K analysis provides an effective way to calculate the back azimuth and slowness of a seismic phase. With this method, we identify a phase with back azimuth of 339.1°and slowness of 37.46sec/deg as surface wave from meteor. Beam-forming technique can be used to amplify the signal of meteor generated surface wave and suppress incoherent noise and phases with different slowness from the Tonga event. Vespagram shows the appropriate slowness of ~35sec/deg at arrival of meteor's phase, confirming the F-K detection of surface wave. From the surface wave observation, we conclude that the seismic source of meteor is located on 61.39N 58.70E, which is ~700km away from the USGS location (55.15N 61.41E). Using the Praha relation [Karnik et al., 1962], we estimate a magnitude of Ms=3.94±0.18 in accordance with that of Ms~3.7 [Benoit Tauzin et al., 2013]. Our result is comparable to other observations with shorter epicentral distances, suggesting that dense seismic arrays can be used to detect weak seismic signals at long-range distances.

  17. Lithospheric Structure in the southeastern margin of Tibetan Plateau by using ChinArray Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ding, Zhifeng

    2016-04-01

    The China Seismic Array Program (ChinArray) is to understand the deep structures and their relationship to seismic activity in the continent of China. The first phase of the program was carried out in the region of Yunnan, in the southeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. How is the relationship between the Plateau and surroundings blocks? How is the characteristics of the deep structures, especially along the faults we observed on the surface? We also want to know more about deep background structures where the strong earthquake occurred. The seismic array includes 350 broadband portable seismic stations, with the average interval of 35km. By using the seismic inversion methods, we obtained the 3-D seismic velocity structure, the shape of the Moho discontinuities, the seismic anisotropy of the lithospheric medium. These results could be used to build the 3-D model of the lithospheric structures. The low velocity zone in low crust was founded inside the Plateau area. Moho depth distribution was obtained from the seismic receiver function. They showed the different margins of the extension materials of Tibetan Plateau in deep from that on the surface. The Red River fault is the border of the blocks in crust. While it has no remarkable variation in mantle beneath the Red River fault. The seismic anisotropy figure showed that the directions of the splitted fast S waves are different in northern and southern part of the Yunnan area. We deduced that the extrusion of Tibetan Plateau was obstructed below the crust around the latitude of 26°N.

  18. Effect of frontal facial type and sex on preferred chin projection

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Jin-Young; Kim, Taeyun; Kim, Hyung-Mo; Lee, Sang-Hoon; Cho, Il-sik

    2017-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of frontal facial type (FFT) and sex on preferred chin projection (CP) in three-dimensional (3D) facial images. Methods Six 3D facial images were acquired using a 3D facial scanner (euryprosopic [Eury-FFT], mesoprosopic [Meso-FFT], and leptoprosopic [Lepto-FFT] for each sex). After normal CP in each 3D facial image was set to 10° of the facial profile angle (glabella–subnasale-pogonion), CPs were morphed by gradations of 2° from normal (moderately protrusive [6°], slightly protrusive [8°], slightly retrusive [12°], and moderately retrusive [14°]). Seventy-five dental students (48 men and 27 women) were asked to rate the CPs (6°, 8°, 10°, 12°, and 14°) from the most to least preferred in each 3D image. Statistical analyses included the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Bonferroni correction. Results No significant difference was observed in the distribution of preferred CP in the same FFT between male and female evaluators. In Meso-FFT, the normal CP was the most preferred without any sex difference. However, in Eury-FFT, the slightly protrusive CP was favored in male 3D images, but the normal CP was preferred in female 3D images. In Lepto-FFT, the normal CP was favored in male 3D images, whereas the slightly retrusive CP was favored in female 3D images. The mean preferred CP angle differed significantly according to FFT (Eury-FFT: male, 8.7°, female, 9.9°; Meso-FFT: male, 9.8°, female, 10.7°; Lepto-FFT: male, 10.8°, female, 11.4°; p < 0.001). Conclusions Our findings might serve as guidelines for setting the preferred CP according to FFT and sex. PMID:28337420

  19. Single stage surgery for contouring the prominent mandibular angle with a broad chin deformity: en-bloc Mandibular Angle-Body-Chin Curved Ostectomy (MABCCO) and Outer Cortex Grinding (OCG).

    PubMed

    Zhang, Chao; Teng, Li; Chan, Fuan Chiang; Xu, Jia-Jie; Lu, Jian-Jian; Xie, Fang; Zhao, Jing-Yi; Xu, Mei-Bang; Jin, Xiao-Lei

    2014-10-01

    Various surgical options are reported to address the Asian 'squared face', characterized by a prominent mandibular angle (PMA) associated with an oversized chin deformity; but shortcomings lie in the requirement of multi-stage procedures with the risk of further revision surgery. We have developed a single-stage "Mandibular Angle-Body-Chin Curved Ostectomy (MABCCO) and Outer Cortex Grinding (OCG)" surgical technique to shorten the period of the surgical treatment and minimize the inherent surgical risks in the multi-staged procedures. A retrospective study involving patients (n = 36) presented with prominent mandibular angle and an oversized chin who underwent the operation described from 2010 to 2012 with at least 12 months of follow-up. The surgical and aesthetic outcomes were evaluated through clinical assessment, photography, imaging analysis including preoperative and post-operative patient satisfaction rates. All the patients were satisfied with the improvement in their appearance following surgery; specifically the 'smoothness' of the mandibular inferior border with no 'second mandibular angle'. The width of the mandible was reduced with G-G distance reduced from 119.9 mm ± 3.9-109.7 mm ± 3.5 (p < 0.05). A significant preoperative and post-operative gonial angle (G-A) was found at the left (110.7° ± 9.6 vs 139.9° ± 11.5, p < 0.05) and right side of mandible (111.3° ± 10.7 vs 140.7° ± 11.8, p < 0.05). There was no iatrogenic inferior alveolar nerve or mental nerve injury and a stable aesthetic outcome beyond the first year. We demonstrated favourable surgical and aesthetic outcomes with our single-stage en-bloc curved osteotomy surgical technique to reshape the prominent mandibular angle with a broad chin deformity with no increased in surgical risks but a high satisfaction rate and stable outcomes. Copyright © 2014 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Health and Human Rights in Chin State, Western Burma: A Population-Based Assessment Using Multistaged Household Cluster Sampling

    PubMed Central

    Sollom, Richard; Richards, Adam K.; Parmar, Parveen; Mullany, Luke C.; Lian, Salai Bawi; Iacopino, Vincent; Beyrer, Chris

    2011-01-01

    Background The Chin State of Burma (also known as Myanmar) is an isolated ethnic minority area with poor health outcomes and reports of food insecurity and human rights violations. We report on a population-based assessment of health and human rights in Chin State. We sought to quantify reported human rights violations in Chin State and associations between these reported violations and health status at the household level. Methods and Findings Multistaged household cluster sampling was done. Heads of household were interviewed on demographics, access to health care, health status, food insecurity, forced displacement, forced labor, and other human rights violations during the preceding 12 months. Ratios of the prevalence of household hunger comparing exposed and unexposed to each reported violation were estimated using binomial regression, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were constructed. Multivariate models were done to adjust for possible confounders. Overall, 91.9% of households (95% CI 89.7%–94.1%) reported forced labor in the past 12 months. Forty-three percent of households met FANTA-2 (Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II project) definitions for moderate to severe household hunger. Common violations reported were food theft, livestock theft or killing, forced displacement, beatings and torture, detentions, disappearances, and religious and ethnic persecution. Self reporting of multiple rights abuses was independently associated with household hunger. Conclusions Our findings indicate widespread self-reports of human rights violations. The nature and extent of these violations may warrant investigation by the United Nations or International Criminal Court. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:21346799

  1. Comparative investigation of concentrations of major and trace elements in organic and conventional Danish agricultural crops. 1. Onions (Allium cepa Hysam) and peas (Pisum sativum ping pong).

    PubMed

    Gundersen, V; Bechmann, I E; Behrens, A; Stürup, S

    2000-12-01

    210 samples of onions (Allium cepa Hysam) from 11 conventionally and 10 organically cultivated sites and 190 samples of peas (Pisum sativum Ping Pong) from 10 conventionally and 9 organically cultivated sites in Denmark were collected and analyzed for 63 and 55 major and trace elements, respectively, by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Sampling, sample preparation, and analysis of the samples were performed under carefully controlled contamination-free conditions. Comparative statistical tests of the element concentration mean values for each site show significantly (p < 0.05) different levels of Ca, Mg, B, Bi, Dy, Eu, Gd, Lu, Rb, Sb, Se, Sr, Ti, U, and Y between the organically and conventionally grown onions and significantly (p < 0.05) different levels of P, Gd, and Ti between the organically and conventionally grown peas. Principal component analysis (PCA) applied to the 63 elements measured in the individual onion samples from the 21 sites split up the sites into two groups according to the cultivation method when the scores of the first and third principal components were plotted against each other. Correspondingly, for peas, a PCA applied to the 55 elements measured as mean values for each site split up the 19 sites into two groups according to the cultivation method when the scores of the third and fourth principal component were plotted against each other. The methodology may be used as authenticity control for organic cultivation after further method development.

  2. Nernst-ping-pong model for evaluating the effects of the substrate concentration and anode potential on the kinetic characteristics of bioanode.

    PubMed

    Peng, Sikan; Liang, Da-Wei; Diao, Peng; Liu, Yanyan; Lan, Fei; Yang, Yuhan; Lu, Shanfu; Xiang, Yan

    2013-05-01

    Understanding the electron-transfer mechanism and kinetic characteristics of bioanodes is greatly significant to enhance the electron-generating efficiencies in bioelectrochemical systems (BESs). A Nernst-ping-pong model is proposed here to investigate the kinetics and biochemical processes of bioanodes in a microbial electrolysis cell. This model can accurately describe the effects of the substrate (including substrate inhibition) and the anode potential on the current of bioanodes. Results show that the half-wave potential positively shifts as the substrate concentration increases, indicating that the rate-determining steps of anodic processes change from substrate oxidation to intracellular electron transport reaction. The anode potential has negligible effects on the enzymatic catalysis of anodic microbes in the range of -0.25 V to +0.1 V vs. a saturated calomel electrode. It turns out that to reduce the anodic energy loss caused by overpotential, higher substrate concentrations are preferred, if the substrate do not significantly and adversely affect the output current.

  3. Aub and Ago3 are recruited to nuage through two mechanisms to form a ping-pong complex assembled by Krimper

    PubMed Central

    Webster, Alexandre; Li, Sisi; Hur, Junho K.; Wachsmuth, Malte; Bois, Justin S.; Perkins, Edward M.; Patel, Dinshaw J.; Aravin, Alexei A.

    2015-01-01

    In Drosophila, two Piwi proteins, Aubergine (Aub) and Argonaute-3 (Ago3) localize to perinuclear ‘nuage’ granules and use guide piRNAs to target and destroy transposable element transcripts. We find that Aub and Ago3 are recruited to nuage by two different mechanisms. Aub requires a piRNA guide for nuage recruitment, indicating that its localization depends on recognition of RNA targets. Ago3 is recruited to nuage independently of a piRNA cargo and relies on interaction with Krimper, a stable component of nuage that is able to aggregate in the absence of other nuage proteins. We show that Krimper interacts directly with Aub and Ago3 to coordinate the assembly of the ping-pong piRNA processing (4P) complex. Symmetrical dimethylated arginines are required for Aub to interact with Krimper, but are dispensable for Ago3 to bind Krimper. Our study reveals a multi-step process responsible for the assembly and function of nuage complexes in piRNA-guided transposon repression. PMID:26295961

  4. Histone-derived piRNA biogenesis depends on the ping-pong partners Piwi5 and Ago3 in Aedes aegypti.

    PubMed

    Girardi, Erika; Miesen, Pascal; Pennings, Bas; Frangeul, Lionel; Saleh, Maria-Carla; van Rij, Ronald P

    2017-01-23

    The piRNA pathway is of key importance in controlling transposable elements in most animal species. In the vector mosquito Aedes aegypti, the presence of eight PIWI proteins and the accumulation of viral piRNAs upon arbovirus infection suggest additional functions of the piRNA pathway beyond genome defense. To better understand the regulatory potential of this pathway, we analyzed in detail host-derived piRNAs in A. aegypti Aag2 cells. We show that a large repertoire of protein-coding genes and non-retroviral integrated RNA virus elements are processed into genic piRNAs by different combinations of PIWI proteins. Among these, we identify a class of genes that produces piRNAs from coding sequences in an Ago3- and Piwi5-dependent fashion. We demonstrate that the replication-dependent histone gene family is a genic source of ping-pong dependent piRNAs and that histone-derived piRNAs are dynamically expressed throughout the cell cycle, suggesting a role for the piRNA pathway in the regulation of histone gene expression. Moreover, our results establish the Aag2 cell line as an accessible experimental model to study gene-derived piRNAs.

  5. Benefit from the Chin-Down Maneuver in the Swallowing Performance and Self-Perception of Parkinson's Disease Patients

    PubMed Central

    Jotz, Geraldo Pereira

    2017-01-01

    Aims. To verify the effectiveness of the maneuver application in swallowing therapy with PD. Materials and Method. We performed an open-label trial, with three groups compounds by PD individuals: the experimental group, control group, and orientation group. The study included PD patients with dysphagia. A cognitive screening, through a questionnaire about depression and quality of life, was conducted. Swallowing assessment was performed through (1) fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES); (2) clinical evaluation and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS); and (3) assessment of the quality life related to swallowing (SWALQOL). A therapeutic program, which consisted of chin-down postural maneuver and orientations on feeding, was applied. Both groups (EG and OG) received on-month therapeutic program. Results. A significant improvement in swallowing, evaluated by clinical assessment, was observed in solid (p < 0.001) and liquid (p = 0.022) consistencies in EG when compared to OG and CG. Patients in EG presented improvement in QoL, with the significant difference in comparison with the other groups, about domain frequency of symptoms (p = 0.029) in SWALQOL questionnaire. Conclusion. The postural maneuver chin-down improved swallowing performance and self-perception, but not the laryngeal signs. This trial is registered with registration number NCT02973698. PMID:28203475

  6. Chin tuck against resistance (CTAR): new method for enhancing suprahyoid muscle activity using a Shaker-type exercise.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Wai Lam; Khoo, Jason Kai Peng; Rickard Liow, Susan J

    2014-04-01

    For patients with dysphagia resulting from upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction, strengthening the suprahyoid muscles through therapeutic exercise has proved effective in restoring oral feeding. The aim of this study was to compare the maximum and mean surface electromyography (sEMG) activity of the suprahyoid muscles during the Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) exercise and the Shaker exercise for both isokinetic and isometric tasks. During the CTAR exercises, the participant is seated while tucking the chin to compress an inflatable rubber ball, whereas during the Shaker exercise, the participant is lay supine while lifting the head to look at the feet. Forty healthy participants (20 males, 20 females) aged 21-39 years completed all four tasks in counterbalanced order, with measures of resting activation taken prior to each exercise. Although subjective feedback suggested that the sitting position for CTAR is less strenuous than the supine position for Shaker, the results of separate analyses showed significantly greater maximum sEMG values during the CTAR isokinetic and isometric exercises than during the equivalent Shaker exercises, and significantly greater mean sEMG values were observed for the CTAR isometric exercise than for the Shaker isometric exercise. Clinical trials are now needed, but the CTAR exercises appear effective in exercising the suprahyoid muscles, and they could achieve therapeutic effects comparable to those of Shaker exercises, with the potential for greater compliance by patients.

  7. Reconstruction of the bony chin using sagittal split osteotomies of the remaining mandible - A new technique for a special indication: Case report.

    PubMed

    Hell, Berthold H

    2017-09-01

    There are several indications for resecting the bony chin, such as squamous cell carcinoma, sarcoma, or benign tumors of the jaw such as ameloblastoma. Several techniques for reconstruction of the bony chin, such as the use of metal plates and also revascularized free bone grafts of the iliac crest, fibula, or scapula, are common. In the case of poor vascular supply, however, alternative techniques may be necessary. In this report, a new technique is described using pedicled bone flaps from both sagittally split mandibular stumps following chin resection. These flaps were pedicled on the mylohyoid muscles and advanced to restore the continuity of the mandible. An advantage of this procedure was minimization of the soft tissue defect, making repair easier. Morbidity of the resection and reconstruction was thus reduced, and recovery of the patient was very quick. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  8. Implementing web-based ping-pong-type e-communication to enhance staff satisfaction, multidisciplinary cooperation, and clinical effectiveness: A SQUIRE-compliant quality-improving study.

    PubMed

    Yeh, Pei-Han; Hung, Shih-Kai; Lee, Moon-Sing; Chiou, Wen-Yen; Lai, Chun-Liang; Tsai, Wei-Ta; Hsieh, Hui-Ling; Shih, Yi-Ting; Chen, Liang-Cheng; Huang, Li-Wen; Lin, Yi-An; Lin, Po-Hao; Lin, Yung-Hsiang; Liu, Dai-Wei; Hsu, Feng-Chun; Tsai, Shiang-Jiun; Liu, Jia-Chi; Chung, En-Seu; Lin, Hon-Yi

    2016-11-01

    Frequent multidisciplinary communication is essential in conducting daily radiotherapy (RT) practice. However, traditional oral or paper-based communication has limitations. E-communication has been suggested, but its effects are still not well demarcated in the field of radiation oncology. In our web-based integrated information platform, we constructed a ping-pong-type e-communication function to transfer specific notations among multidisciplinary RT staffs. The purpose was to test whether applying this e-communication can increase effectiveness of multidisciplinary cooperation when compared with oral or paper-based practice. Staff satisfaction and clinical benefits were also demonstrated. A real-world quality-improving study was conducted in a large center of radiation oncology. Before and after applying multidisciplinary e-communication (from 2014 to 2015), clinical RT staffs were surveyed for their user experience and satisfaction (n = 23). For measuring clinical effectiveness, a secondary database of irradiated head and neck cancer patients was re-analyzed for comparing RT toxicities (n = 402). Applying ping-pong-type multidisciplinary reflective e-communication was the main intervention. For measuring staff satisfaction, eight domains were surveyed, such as timeliness, convenience, and completeness. For measuring clinical effectiveness of multidisciplinary cooperation, event rates of severe (i.e., grade 3-4) RT mucositis and dermatitis were recorded. Overall, when compared with oral communication only, e-communication demonstrated multiple benefits, particularly on notation-review convenience (2.00 ± 1.76 vs 9.19 ± 0.81; P < 0.0001).When compared with paper-based practice, e-communication showed statistically significant benefits on all eight domains, especially on notation-review convenience (5.05 ± 2.11 vs 9.19 ± 0.81; P < 0.0001) and convenience of feedback notation (4.81 ± 1.72 vs 8.76 ± 1.09; P < 0

  9. Amicyanin transfers electrons from methylamine dehydrogenase to cytochrome c-551i via a ping-pong mechanism, not a ternary complex.

    PubMed

    Meschi, Francesca; Wiertz, Frank; Klauss, Linda; Cavalieri, Chiara; Blok, Anneloes; Ludwig, Bernd; Heering, Hendrik A; Merli, Angelo; Rossi, Gian Luigi; Ubbink, Marcellus

    2010-10-20

    The first crystal structure of a ternary redox protein complex was comprised of the enzyme methylamine dehydrogenase (MADH) and two electron transfer proteins, amicyanin and cytochrome c-551i from Paracoccus denitrificans [Chen et al. Science 1994, 264, 86-90]. The arrangement of the proteins suggested possible electron transfer from the active site of MADH via the amicyanin copper ion to the cytochrome heme iron, although the distance between the metals is large. We studied the interactions between these proteins in solution. A titration followed by NMR spectroscopy shows that amicyanin binds cytochrome c-551i. The interface comprises the hydrophobic and positive patches of amicyanin, not the binding site observed in the ternary complex. NMR experiments further show that amicyanin binds tightly to MADH with an interface that matches the one observed in the crystal structure and that mostly overlaps with the binding site for cytochrome c-551i. Upon addition of cytochrome c-551i, no changes in the NMR spectrum of MADH-bound amicyanin are observed, suggesting that a possible interaction of the cytochrome with the binary complex must be very weak, with a dissociation constant higher than 2 mM. Reconstitution of the entire redox chain in vitro demonstrates that amicyanin can react rapidly with cytochrome c-551i, but that association of amicyanin with MADH inhibits this reaction. It is concluded that electron transfer from MADH to cytochrome c-551i does not involve a ternary complex but occurs via a ping-pong mechanism in which amicyanin uses the same interface for the reactions with MADH and cytochrome c-551i.

  10. Ingestion of marine debris by the White-chinned Petrel (Procellaria aequinoctialis): Is it increasing over time off southern Brazil?

    PubMed

    Petry, Maria V; Benemann, Victória R F

    2017-04-15

    Seabirds are amongst the most affected organisms by plastic pollution worldwide. Ingestion of marine debris has been reported in at least 122 species, and owing to the increasing global production and persistence of these anthropogenic materials within the marine environment, it is expected to be a growing problem to the marine fauna. Here we report evidence of an increasing frequency in marine debris ingestion and a decrease in the amount of plastic pellets ingested by White-chinned Petrels attending south Brazilian waters during the last three decades. Future studies comprising large temporal scales and large sample sizes are needed to better understand the trends of marine debris ingestion by seabirds. We expect our findings to highlight the need for prevention policies and mitigation measures to reduce the amount of solid litter in the oceans. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Tales of Recombinant Femininity: "The Reincarnation of Golden Lotus," the "Chin P'ing Mei," and the Politics of Melodrama in Hong Kong.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fore, Steve

    1993-01-01

    Examines the film "The Reincarnation of Golden Lotus" and the text upon which it is loosely based, the "Chin P'ing Mei," and the relationship between it and modern Chinese culture. States that the film's screenplay is much less an adaptation of the source novel than it is a female-centered reworking of a particular narrative…

  12. Bilateral Numb Chin Syndrome as the Initial Presentation of Burkitt's Lymphoma/Leukemia: A Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Algahtani, Hussein; Shirah, Bader; Bassuni, Wafaa; Adas, Reem

    2016-01-01

    Numb chin syndrome, also known as mental nerve neuropathy, is a rare sensory neuropathy characterized by paresthesia and hypoesthesia in the area supplied by the mental nerve and its branches. This syndrome may be the first symptom of underlying malignancy or the first sign of recurrence and metastasis in patients with preexisting cancer. In this article, we present two cases with bilateral numb chin syndrome as the first manifestation of Burkitt's lymphoma/leukemia and review the relevant literature. Numb chin syndrome should be considered as a warning sign and raise the suspicion for an underlying malignancy. Bilateral involvement is especially hazardous and must not be underestimated. In fact, an astute neurologist and internist who realizes that chin numbness is a potentially significant symptom can then exclude serious underlying malignancies. Standard diagnostic protocol with different modalities of imaging based on the availability and experience of the radiology team should be mandatory. High index of suspicion should be practiced to avoid delay in diagnosis and progression of the underlying malignancy.

  13. Tales of Recombinant Femininity: "The Reincarnation of Golden Lotus," the "Chin P'ing Mei," and the Politics of Melodrama in Hong Kong.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fore, Steve

    1993-01-01

    Examines the film "The Reincarnation of Golden Lotus" and the text upon which it is loosely based, the "Chin P'ing Mei," and the relationship between it and modern Chinese culture. States that the film's screenplay is much less an adaptation of the source novel than it is a female-centered reworking of a particular narrative…

  14. Black-chinned hummingbird nest-site selection and nest survival in response to fuel reduction in a southwestern riparian forest

    Treesearch

    D. Max Smith; Deborah M. Finch; David L. Hawksworth

    2009-01-01

    Despite widespread efforts to avert wildfire by reducing the density of flammable vegetation, little is known about the effects of this practice on the reproductive biology of forest birds. We examined nest-site selection and nest survival of the Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri) in New Mexico riparian forests treated or not for fuel...

  15. Bilateral Numb Chin Syndrome as the Initial Presentation of Burkitt's Lymphoma/Leukemia: A Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Bassuni, Wafaa; Adas, Reem

    2016-01-01

    Numb chin syndrome, also known as mental nerve neuropathy, is a rare sensory neuropathy characterized by paresthesia and hypoesthesia in the area supplied by the mental nerve and its branches. This syndrome may be the first symptom of underlying malignancy or the first sign of recurrence and metastasis in patients with preexisting cancer. In this article, we present two cases with bilateral numb chin syndrome as the first manifestation of Burkitt's lymphoma/leukemia and review the relevant literature. Numb chin syndrome should be considered as a warning sign and raise the suspicion for an underlying malignancy. Bilateral involvement is especially hazardous and must not be underestimated. In fact, an astute neurologist and internist who realizes that chin numbness is a potentially significant symptom can then exclude serious underlying malignancies. Standard diagnostic protocol with different modalities of imaging based on the availability and experience of the radiology team should be mandatory. High index of suspicion should be practiced to avoid delay in diagnosis and progression of the underlying malignancy. PMID:27882251

  16. Bone quality at the implant site after reconstruction of a local defect of the maxillary anterior ridge with chin bone or deproteinised cancellous bovine bone.

    PubMed

    Meijndert, L; Raghoebar, G M; Schüpbach, P; Meijer, H J A; Vissink, A

    2005-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of bone at grafted implant sites in the anterior maxilla. Grafting of these sites was necessary because of insufficient bone volume in a buccopalatinal direction (width at the top of the crest 1-3mm). Reconstruction was performed with chin bone (N=5), chin bone and a resorbable Bio-Gide GBR membrane (N=5) or Bio-Oss spongiosa granules in combination with a Bio-Gide GBR membrane (N=5). Biopsies were taken prior to implantation, i.e. 3 months after grafting with chin bone, and 6 months after grafting with Bio-Oss. Evaluation was done by assessing the histological and histomorphometric characteristics of full-length biopsies taken from the actual implant site. Both areas with non-vital bone and areas with apposition of bone and remodelling phenomena were observed in the chin bone group at the time of placement of the implants. Similar results were observed at implant sites reconstructed with a chin bone graft covered by a membrane. In the chin bone group without and with a GBR membrane, the mean total bone volume (TBV) was 55.2+/-6.8% and 57.7+/-11.5%, respectively; the marrow connective tissue volume (MCTV) was 44.8+/-6.8% and 42.3+/-11.5%, respectively. Remnants of the resorbable GBR membrane were not detected. In the Bio-Oss((R)) group, at implant placement some newly formed bone was observed in the connective tissue surrounding the Bio-Oss((R)) particles (mean TBV (newly formed bone) 17.6+/-14.5%), but most particles were surrounded by connective tissue. No convincing signs of remodelling were observed (mean remaining Bio-Oss volume 40.5+/-9.3%; mean MCTV 41.9+/-13.1%). No implants were lost during follow up (12 months). At the time of placement of the implants the grafting material (either chin bone or Bio-Oss is still not fully replaced by new vital bone. In case of Bio-Oss, most of the grafting material is even still present. Despite these differences, the 1-year clinical results were very good and

  17. Effect of combined mouth closure and chin lift on upper airway dimensions during routine magnetic resonance imaging in pediatric patients sedated with propofol.

    PubMed

    Reber, A; Wetzel, S G; Schnabel, K; Bongartz, G; Frei, F J

    1999-06-01

    In pediatric patients, obstruction of the upper airway is a common problem during general anesthesia. Chin lift is a commonly used technique to improve upper airway patency. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying this technique. The authors studied the effect of the chin lift maneuver on airway dimensions in 10 spontaneously breathing children (aged 2-11 yr) sedated with propofol during routine magnetic resonance imaging. The minimal anteroposterior and corresponding transverse diameters of the pharynx were determined at the levels of the soft palate, dorsum of the tongue, and tip of the epiglottis before and during the chin lift maneuver. Additionally, cross-sectional areas were calculated at these sites, including tracheal areas 2 cm below the glottic level. Minimal anteroposterior diameter of the pharynx increased significantly during chin lift at all three levels in all patients. The diameters of the soft palate, tongue, and epiglottis increased from 6.7+/-2.8 mm (SD) to 9.9+/-3.6 mm, from 9.6+/-3.6 mm to 16.5+/-3.1 mm, and from 4.6+/-2.5 mm to 13.1+/-2.8 mm, respectively. The corresponding transverse diameter of the pharynx also increased significantly at all three levels in all patients but without significant predominance. The diameters at the levels of the soft palate, tongue, and epiglottis increased from 15.8+/-5.1 mm to 22.8+/-4.5 mm, from 13.5+/-4.9 mm to 18.7+/-5.3 mm, and from 17.2+/-3.9 mm to 21.2+/-3.7 mm, respectively. Cross-sectional pharyngeal areas increased significantly at all levels (soft palate, from 0.88+/-0.58 cm2 to 1.79+/-0.82 cm2; tongue, from 1.15+/-0.45 cm2 to 2.99+/-1.30 cm2; epiglottis, from 1.17+/-0.70 cm2 to 3.04+/-0.99 cm2), including the subglottic level (from 0.44+/-0.15 cm2 to 0.50+/-0.14 cm2). This study shows that all children had a preserved upper airway at all measured sites during propofol sedation. Chin lift caused a widening of the entire pharyngeal airway that was most pronounced between the tip of the

  18. Clinical effectiveness of chin cup treatment for the management of Class III malocclusion in pre-pubertal patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Chatzoudi, Maria I; Ioannidou-Marathiotou, Ioulia; Papadopoulos, Moschos A

    2014-12-02

    Chin cup is regarded as the oldest orthodontic appliance for the management of Class III malocclusion. To assess its clinical effectiveness in pre-pubertal patients, a meta-analysis on specific cephalometric values is attempted. Detailed electronic and hand searches with no restrictions were performed up to July 2014. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies, i.e. prospective controlled trials (pCCTs) and (retrospective) observational studies (OS), were included. Analyses were performed by calculating the standard difference in means and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals, using the random effects model. Data heterogeneity and risk of bias assessment of the included studies were also performed. Study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment were performed twice. The level of significance was set at P ≤ 0.05 for all tests, except for heterogeneity (P ≤ 0.1). Seven treated groups from five studies (no RCTs, four pCCTs, one OS) were eligible for inclusion, assessing only the short-term occipital pull chin cup effects. In total, 120 treated patients (mean age: 8.5 to 11 years) compared with 64 untreated individuals (mean age: 7.3 to 9.89 years) were assessed by means of 13 cephalometric variables. The overall quality of these studies was low to medium. In comparison to untreated individuals, the SNB and gonial angles decreased significantly following chin cup use, whereas ANB, Wits appraisal, SN-ML, N-Me and overjet increased. For the rest of the variables, no statistically significant differences were detected. Although the occipital chin cup affects significantly a number of skeletal and dentoalveolar cephalometric variables, indicating an overall positive effect for the treatment of Class III malocclusion, data heterogeneity and between-studies variance impose precaution in the interpretation of the results.

  19. Growth data of underprivileged children living in rural areas of Chin State, Burma/Myanmar, compared to the WHO reference growth standards: an observational study

    PubMed Central

    Prenkert, Malin; Ehnfors, Margareta

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To explore growth data (height-for-age, weight-for-age and BMI-for-age) of children living in poor socioeconomic conditions in rural areas of Chin State, Burma/Myanmar; and to compare these data with the growth and development z-score (GDZ) values for school-aged children and adolescents, provided by the WHO. Setting A support and educational programme, run by the Swedish association Chin Development and Research Society (CDRS), was carried out among underprivileged school-aged children, unable to attend school without economic and practical support, living in villages and remote areas in Chin State. Participants Community leaders who were well familiar with the citizens in the community identified children in need of this support. Other community members could also suggest or apply for this. The sample includes all participating children in the CDRS programme at the time of the data collection in six townships. The children were placed in host families, close to a suitable school. Two samples with a total of 639 children from 144 villages and remote areas were obtained: 1. Children in the CDRS Chin Programme (CCP) (2007–2010) comprised 558 children: 50% girls and boys. 2. Children in the Chin Society (CCS) (2010) comprised 81 children: 44% girls and 56% boys. Primary outcome measures Growth data. Results All growth data from both groups deviated significantly from the WHO standard references (p≤0.001). The prevalence of stunting (height-for-age ≤–2SD) was 52% among girls and 68% among boys. High levels of wasting (weight-for-age ≤–2SD) were found among girls 29% and boys 36% aged 5–10 years. In addition, severe thinness (BMI-for-age ≤–2SD) was found among girls 31% and boys 44%, all results to be compared to the expected 2.27%. Conclusions Many more than expected—according to the WHO reference values—in CCP and CCS suffered from stunting, wasting and thinness. PMID:26787249

  20. Comparative Analysis of Reproductive Traits in Black-Chinned Tilapia Females from Various Coastal Marine, Estuarine and Freshwater Ecosystems

    PubMed Central

    Kantoussan, Justin; Ndiaye, Papa; Thiaw, Omar Thiom; Albaret, Jean-Jacques

    2012-01-01

    The black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron is a marine teleost characterised by an extreme euryhalinity. However, beyond a certain threshold at very high salinity, the species exhibits impaired growth and precocious reproduction. In this study, the relationships between reproductive parameters, environmental salinity and condition factor were investigated in wild populations of this species that were sampled in two consecutive years (2003 and 2004) from three locations in Senegal with different salinities: Guiers lake (freshwater, 0 psu), Hann bay (seawater, 37 psu) and Saloum estuary (hypersaline water, 66–127 psu). The highest absolute fecundity and spawning weight were recorded in seawater by comparison to either freshwater or hypersaline water whereas the poorest condition factors were observed in the most saline sampling site. These results reflect higher resource allocation to the reproduction due to the lowest costs of adaptation to salinity in seawater (the natural environment of this species) rather than differences in food resources at sites and/or efficiency at foraging and prey availability. Fecundities, oocyte size as well as spawning weight were consistent from year to year. However, the relative fecundity in the Saloum estuary varied significantly between the dry and rainy raisons with higher values in the wet season, which seems to reflect seasonal variations in environmental salinity. Such a reproductive tactic of producing large amounts of eggs in the rainy season when the salinity in the estuary was lower, would give the fry a better chance at survival and therefore assures a high larval recruitment. An inverse correlation was found between relative fecundity and oocyte size at the two extreme salinity locations, indicating that S. melanotheron has different reproductive strategies in these ecosystems. The adaptive significance of these two reproductive modes is discussed in regard to the heavy osmotic constraint imposed by extreme

  1. Comparative analysis of reproductive traits in black-chinned tilapia females from various coastal marine, estuarine and freshwater ecosystems.

    PubMed

    Guèye, Moussa; Tine, Mbaye; Kantoussan, Justin; Ndiaye, Papa; Thiaw, Omar Thiom; Albaret, Jean-Jacques

    2012-01-01

    The black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron is a marine teleost characterised by an extreme euryhalinity. However, beyond a certain threshold at very high salinity, the species exhibits impaired growth and precocious reproduction. In this study, the relationships between reproductive parameters, environmental salinity and condition factor were investigated in wild populations of this species that were sampled in two consecutive years (2003 and 2004) from three locations in Senegal with different salinities: Guiers lake (freshwater, 0 psu), Hann bay (seawater, 37 psu) and Saloum estuary (hypersaline water, 66-127 psu). The highest absolute fecundity and spawning weight were recorded in seawater by comparison to either freshwater or hypersaline water whereas the poorest condition factors were observed in the most saline sampling site. These results reflect higher resource allocation to the reproduction due to the lowest costs of adaptation to salinity in seawater (the natural environment of this species) rather than differences in food resources at sites and/or efficiency at foraging and prey availability. Fecundities, oocyte size as well as spawning weight were consistent from year to year. However, the relative fecundity in the Saloum estuary varied significantly between the dry and rainy raisons with higher values in the wet season, which seems to reflect seasonal variations in environmental salinity. Such a reproductive tactic of producing large amounts of eggs in the rainy season when the salinity in the estuary was lower, would give the fry a better chance at survival and therefore assures a high larval recruitment. An inverse correlation was found between relative fecundity and oocyte size at the two extreme salinity locations, indicating that S. melanotheron has different reproductive strategies in these ecosystems. The adaptive significance of these two reproductive modes is discussed in regard to the heavy osmotic constraint imposed by extreme

  2. Tribute to Christine Chin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teo, Tang Wee; Tan, Aik-Ling

    2015-01-01

    It has been more than 3 years since Christine left us. She has left a lasting legacy of her academic brilliance among the science education community. This paper pays tribute to Christine's fine research work that has shaped and continues to shape science education research in the field of questioning and argumentation.

  3. Tribute to Christine Chin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teo, Tang Wee; Tan, Aik-Ling

    2015-01-01

    It has been more than 3 years since Christine left us. She has left a lasting legacy of her academic brilliance among the science education community. This paper pays tribute to Christine's fine research work that has shaped and continues to shape science education research in the field of questioning and argumentation.

  4. Effects of chin tuck against resistance exercise versus Shaker exercise on dysphagia and psychological state after cerebral infarction.

    PubMed

    Gao, Jing; Zhang, Hui-Jun

    2017-06-01

    The incidence of stroke is high in China. The dysphagia caused by cerebral infarction (CI), seriously affects patients' life quality, and even endangers patients' lives. It is necessary to explore how to improve dysphagia caused by CI. To compare the effects of rehabilitation training on dysphagia and psychological state after CI between Shaker exercise and chin tuck against resistance (CTAR) exercise. Control study. Blind. Inpatients. A total of 90 patients with dysphagia after CI were divided into CTAR group, Shaker group and control group by random digit table (each group with 30 patients). Video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were performed on all patients before intervention. VFSS was evaluated based on Penetration-Aspiration Scale. All patients received routine treatments including internal medicine, traditional rehabilitation training and routine nursing. The patients in control group only receive the routine treatments. Besides the routine treatments, the patients in CTAR group also received CTAR exercise, and the patients in Shaker group also received Shaker exercise. VFSS was performed again on all patients, respectively, 2, 4, and 6 weeks after exercise. SDS was performed again on all patients 6 weeks after exercise. There were no statistical differences amongst the three groups in VFSS and SDS before intervention (P>0.05). After intervention, all patients had various degrees of improvement for dysphagia in the three groups, especially between 2 and 4 weeks in CTAR and Shaker groups. The total effective rate was significantly higher in CTAR group (86.67%) and Shaker group (76.67%) than in control group (43.33%) (all P<0.05). The scores of SDS was significantly lower in CTAR group than in Shaker group and control group 6 weeks after intervention (all P<0.05). For the patients with dysphagia after CI, CTAR exercise can significantly relieve depression and has the similar effect on improving swallowing function

  5. Comparison between an automatic and a visual scoring method of the chin muscle tone during rapid eye movement sleep.

    PubMed

    Ferri, Raffaele; Gagnon, Jean-François; Postuma, Ronald B; Rundo, Francesco; Montplaisir, Jacques Y

    2014-06-01

    To compare two different methods, one visual and the other automatic, for the quantification of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep without atonia (RSWA) in the diagnosis of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD). Seventy-four RBD patients (mean age, 62.14±9.67 years) and 75 normal controls (mean age, 61.04±12.13 years) underwent one night video-polysomnographic recording. The chin electromyogram (EMG) during REM sleep was analyzed by means of a previously published visual method quantifying the percentage of 30s epochs scored as tonic (abnormal, > or =30%) and that of 2s mini-epochs containing phasic EMG events (abnormal, > or =15%). For the computer quantitative analysis we used the automatic scoring algorithm known as the atonia index (abnormal, <0.8). The percentage correct classification, sensitivity, specificity, and Cohen kappa were calculated. The atonia index correctly classified 82.6% of subjects, similar to the percentage of correct classifications with individual components of the visual analysis (83.2% each for tonic and phasic), and the combined visual parameters (85.9%). The sensitivity and specificity of automatic analysis (84% and 81%) was similar to the combined visual analysis (89% and 83%). The correlation coefficient between the automatic atonia index and the percentage of visual tonic EMG was high (r = -0.886, P<0.00001), with moderately high correlation with the percentage of phasic EMG (r = -0.690, P<0.00001). The agreement between atonia index and the visual parameters (individual or combined) was approximately 85% with Cohen's kappa, ranging from 0.638 to 0.693. Sensitivity, specificity, and correct classifications were high with both methods. Moreover, there was general agreement between methods, with Cohen's kappa values in the 'good' range. Given the considerable practical advantages of automatic quantification of REM atonia, automatic quantification may be a useful alternative to visual scoring methods in otherwise uncomplicated polysomnograms

  6. Size and placement of developing anterior teeth in immature Neanderthal mandibles from Dederiyeh Cave, Syria: implications for emergence of the modern human chin.

    PubMed

    Fukase, Hitoshi; Kondo, Osamu; Ishida, Hajime

    2015-03-01

    Evolutionary and functional significance of the human chin has long been explored from various perspectives including masticatory biomechanics, speech, and anterior tooth size. Recent ontogenetic studies have indicated that the spatial position of internally forming anterior teeth partially constrains adult mandibular symphyseal morphology. The present study therefore preliminarily examined the size and placement of developing anterior teeth in immature Neanderthal mandibles of Dederiyeh 1 and 2, compared with similarly-aged modern humans (N = 16) and chimpanzees (N = 7) whose incisors are comparatively small and large among extant hominids, respectively. The Dederiyeh 1 mandible is described as slightly presenting a mental trigone and attendant mental fossa, whereas Dederiyeh 2 completely lacks such chin-associated configurations. Results showed that, despite symphyseal size being within the modern human range, both Dederiyeh mandibles accommodated overall larger anterior dentition and displayed a remarkably wide bicanine space compared to those of modern humans. Dederiyeh 2 had comparatively thicker deciduous incisor roots and more enlarged permanent incisor crypts than Dederiyeh 1, but both Dederiyeh individuals exhibited a total dental size mostly intermediate between modern humans and chimpanzees. These findings potentially imply that the large deciduous/permanent incisors collectively distended the labial alveolar bone, obscuring an incipient mental trigone. It is therefore hypothesized that the appearance of chin-associated features, particularly of the mental trigone and fossa, can be accounted for partly by developmental relationships between the sizes of the available mandibular space and anterior teeth. This hypothesis must be, however, further addressed with more referential samples in future studies. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Mystery behind Non-Healing Wound at Chin Region - Myiasis due to Neglected Trauma - A Case Report with Review of Literature.

    PubMed

    Khandelwal, Pulkit; Hajira, Neha

    2016-06-01

    Myiasis is the infestation of human beings with fly larvae which feed on host's living or dead tissue. Diagnosis of this condition is made by the presence of larvae in affected body parts. The standard treatment is the mechanical removal of the maggots from the lesion and management of the general systemic condition. This paper report a case of myiasis at the chin region in a 45-year-old male managed by manual removal of larvae after topical application of turpentine oil, surgical debridement of necrotic tissues and antimicrobial therapy.

  8. Mystery behind Non-Healing Wound at Chin Region - Myiasis due to Neglected Trauma – A Case Report with Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Hajira, Neha

    2016-01-01

    Myiasis is the infestation of human beings with fly larvae which feed on host’s living or dead tissue. Diagnosis of this condition is made by the presence of larvae in affected body parts. The standard treatment is the mechanical removal of the maggots from the lesion and management of the general systemic condition. This paper report a case of myiasis at the chin region in a 45-year-old male managed by manual removal of larvae after topical application of turpentine oil, surgical debridement of necrotic tissues and antimicrobial therapy. PMID:27504426

  9. A case of mimicking angioedema: chin silicone granulomatous reaction spreading all over the face after receiving liquid silicone injection forty years previously.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yu-Cheng; Chen, Mei-Ling; Chiu, Ying-Ming

    2011-06-01

    Liquid injectable silicone has been used for soft tissue augmentation for five decades. Many complications following liquid silicone injection have been reported. To diagnose and manage silicone granuloma remains difficult. Silicone granuloma must be diagnosed with the history of liquid silicone injection and the histology of tissue biopsy. We presented a case of granulomatous reaction after the injection of liquid silicone for chin augmentation forty years ago, causing total facial swelling, which mimicking angioedema initially. We administered methylprednisolone to the patient. Initial response to methylprednisolone was favorable.

  10. Evaluating the Training Effects of Two Swallowing Rehabilitation Therapies Using Surface Electromyography--Chin Tuck Against Resistance (CTAR) Exercise and the Shaker Exercise.

    PubMed

    Sze, Wei Ping; Yoon, Wai Lam; Escoffier, Nicolas; Rickard Liow, Susan J

    2016-04-01

    In this study, the efficacy of two dysphagia interventions, the Chin Tuck against Resistance (CTAR) and Shaker exercises, were evaluated based on two principles in exercise science-muscle-specificity and training intensity. Both exercises were developed to strengthen the suprahyoid muscles, whose contractions facilitate the opening of the upper esophageal sphincter, thereby improving bolus transfer. Thirty-nine healthy adults performed two trials of both exercises in counter-balanced order. Surface electromyography (sEMG) recordings were simultaneously collected from suprahyoid muscle group and sternocleidomastoid muscle during the exercises. Converging results using sEMG amplitude analyses suggested that the CTAR was more specific in targeting the suprahyoid muscles than the Shaker exercise. Fatigue analyses on sEMG signals further indicated that the suprahyoid muscle group were equally or significantly fatigued (depending on metric), when participants carried out CTAR compared to the Shaker exercise. Importantly, unlike during Shaker exercise, the sternocleidomastoid muscles were significantly less activated and fatigued during CTAR. Lowering the chin against resistance is therefore sufficiently specific and intense to fatigue the suprahyoid muscles.

  11. Structures of NADH and CH[subscript 3]-H[subscript 4] Folate Complexes of Escherichia coli Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Reveal a Spartan Strategy for a Ping-Pong Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Pejchal, Robert; Sargeant, Ryan; Ludwig, Martha L.

    2010-03-08

    Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductases (MTHFRs; EC 1.7.99.5) catalyze the NAD(P)H-dependent reduction of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate (CH{sub 2}-H{sub 4}folate) to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (CH{sub 3}-H{sub 4}folate) using flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as a cofactor. The initial X-ray structure of Escherichia coli MTHFR revealed that this 33-kDa polypeptide is a ({beta}{alpha}){sub 8} barrel that aggregates to form an unusual tetramer with only 2-fold symmetry. Structures of reduced enzyme complexed with NADH and of oxidized Glu28Gln enzyme complexed with CH{sub 3}-H{sub 4}folate have now been determined at resolutions of 1.95 and 1.85 {angstrom}, respectively. The NADH complex reveals a rare mode of dinucleotide binding; NADH adopts a hairpin conformation and is sandwiched between a conserved phenylalanine, Phe223, and the isoalloxazine ring of FAD. The nicotinamide of the bound pyridine nucleotide is stacked against the si face of the flavin ring with C4 adjoining the N5 of FAD, implying that this structure models a complex that is competent for hydride transfer. In the complex with CH{sub 3}-H{sub 4}folate, the pterin ring is also stacked against FAD in an orientation that is favorable for hydride transfer. Thus, the binding sites for the two substrates overlap, as expected for many enzymes that catalyze ping-pong reactions, and several invariant residues interact with both folate and pyridine nucleotide substrates. Comparisons of liganded and substrate-free structures reveal multiple conformations for the loops {beta}2-{alpha}2 (L2), {beta}3-{alpha}3 (L3), and {beta}4-{alpha}4 (L4) and suggest that motions of these loops facilitate the ping-pong reaction. In particular, the L4 loop adopts a 'closed' conformation that allows Asp120 to hydrogen bond to the pterin ring in the folate complex but must move to an 'open' conformation to allow NADH to bind.

  12. Characterization and determination of lipophilic hydrocarbons in the Chao Phraya, Bang Pakong and Tha-Chin rivers and the Upper Gulf of Thailand.

    PubMed

    Onodera, S; Chatkittikunrong, W; Saito, K; Phongbetchara, R; Tabucanon, M

    1987-04-17

    Carbon tetrachloride extracts of water samples collected from the Chao Phraya, Bang Pakong and Tha-Chin rivers and the Upper Gulf of Thailand in the rainy season (1983) and dry season (1984) were studied in order to characterize and determine the lipophilic hydrocarbons. The major lipophilic organic compounds present were n-alkanes (C17-C33), dibutyl phthalate and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. However, polyaromatic hydrocarbons were hardly detectable level (0.1 microgram/l by high-performance liquid chromatography). The concentrations of these lipophilic hydrocarbons were correlated with the effective rainfall content of the river. These data suggest a multiplicity of sources ranging from indigenous biological materials to petroleum activities.

  13. Multiparametric approach for assessing environmental quality variations in West African aquatic ecosystems using the black-chinned tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron) as a sentinel species.

    PubMed

    Ndiaye, Awa; Sanchez, Wilfried; Durand, Jean-Dominique; Budzinski, Hélène; Palluel, Olivier; Diouf, Khady; Ndiaye, Papa; Panfili, Jacques

    2012-11-01

    The study highlights the potential of the black-chinned tilapia to be used as a sentinel to assess environmental contaminants based on the use of a set of biomarkers. The usefulness of fish species as sentinels for assessing aquatic environment contamination was tested using a set of biomarkers in Senegalese environments characterized by multi-pollution sources. The black-chinned tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron) was selected as a sentinel because of its abundance, wide distribution in all coastal aquatic ecosystems and physiological properties. The potential influence of confounding factors such as salinity on biomarker in the tilapia has been examined. Individuals were sampled during two seasons (dry and wet) in eight sites characterized by various degrees of anthropogenic contamination and different salinities (from 0 to 102 psu). Biomarkers-including growth rate (GR), condition factor (CF), biotransformation enzymes such as 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), lipid peroxidation (TBARS) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-were measured. Chemical contaminant [polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs)] levels showed different sources of contamination with relatively high concentrations of PAHs in the Hann Bay and Foundiougne locations. The most sensitive biomarker present in different sites according to the principal component analysis is EROD. Few variations of the AChE activity and TBARS levels were found. No clear relationship was found between biomarker responses and salinity, but GR and CF were lower in hypersaline conditions. Tilapia is responsive to environmental contaminants such as PAHs, OCPs and PCBs. The S. melanotheron multiparametric approach showed a better discrimination of sites.

  14. Surgical treatment of "chin-on-pubis" deformity in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis: a case report of consecutive cervical, thoracic, and lumbar corrective osteotomies.

    PubMed

    Kim, Ki-Tack; Lee, Sang-Hun; Son, Eun-Seok; Kwack, Yoon-Ho; Chun, Young-Soo; Lee, Jae-Hoon

    2012-07-15

    A case report. To report the successful consecutive spinal osteotomies of multiple segments performed on a patient with extremely severe kyphotic deformity. There have been no reports on the experience and surgical strategy of spinal osteotomy on multiple segments for severe global spine deformity. A 48-year-old man, a patient with ankylosing spondylitis with "chin-on-pubis" deformity, underwent consecutive spinal osteotomies to correct the severe, fixed global kyphosis. The axial skeletons from the skull, all vertebrae, and both sacroiliac joints and hip joint were fused into a single bone. After both hip resectional arthroplasties for the first step, staged, sequential spinal osteotomies, including pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) on C6, posterior vertebral column resection on T11-T12, and PSO on L3, were performed. Finally, both total hip arthoroplasties were performed. The chin-brow vertical angle improved from 140° to 15°. Correction angles of 45°, 70°, and 30° in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spines, respectively, were achieved without complication. At the last follow-up, excellent improvement in activities of daily living and horizontal gaze were achieved. This is the first report on C6 PSO and spinal osteotomies in whole spine segments. For patients with a severe global kyphotic deformity, it is important to place the patient in a stable prone position so that corrective surgery can be performed on the thoracolumbar spine. To accomplish this, initially correcting the deformities in the hip joints and the cervical spine can yield excellent clinical results.

  15. Nest-location and nest-survival of black-chinned hummingbirds in New Mexico: A comparison between rivers with differing levels of regulation and invasion of nonnative plants

    Treesearch

    D. Max Smith; Deborah M. Finch; Scott H. Stoleson

    2014-01-01

    We compared plants used as sites for nests and survival of nests of black-chinned hummingbirds (Archilochus alexandri) along two rivers in New Mexico. Along the free-flowing Gila River which was dominated by native plants, most nests were constructed in boxelder (Acer negundo). Along the flow-restricted Middle Rio Grande which was dominated by nonnative plants, most...

  16. Influence of environmental factors on abundance and temporal variation of benthic fauna resources in the eutrophic Tha Chin estuary, Samut Sakhon province, Thailand.

    PubMed

    Ritnim, Nittaya; Meksumpun, Charumas

    2011-01-01

    The influence of environmental factors on the abundance and temporal variation of benthic fauna resources was studied in the eutrophic Tha Chin estuary located in Samut Sakhon province. The objectives were to analyze the status of abundance and temporal variation of the benthic fauna and to clarify the impacts from environmental factors (water and sediment quality). Field surveys were conducted monthly from August 2007 to March 2008 at 11 sampling stations in the estuary. Based on freshwater runoff volumes, the high-, medium-, and low-loading periods were categorized to be from August to October 2007, November to December 2007, and January to March 2008, respectively. The benthic fauna resources were composed of 57 species in eight phyla. Annelids were the dominant species (with the maximum density being 19,885 individuals/m2), followed by the mollusks. Both densities decreased during the low-loading period in 2008. Water quality deteriorated during the high-loading period. Land-based wastewater discharges decreased the levels of salinity and dissolved oxygen but dramatically increased various nutrients. Consequently, the sediment quality deteriorated during the medium-loading period. Bottom deposits during this time depicted high accumulation of acid volatile sulfides (more than 0.76 mg/g dry weight). Analyzing the environmental relationships, deposit feeders (for example, Nereis sp. and Prionospio sp.) and a clam (Arcuatula sp.) showed potential as bio-indicators for environmental monitoring. The overall results revealed the importance of changes in the water and sediment qualities that had an influence on related benthic resources. The increase in the level of NH4(+)-N had a negative impact on the economic clam species, while the sedimentary TOM showed positive correlation (P < 0.05) with this increase. The succession of groups based on feeding behavior seemed to correspond with stress in eutrophication along the salinity gradient and in different estuarine

  17. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fat samples from White-chinned Petrels (Procellaria aequinoctialis) and Spectacled Petrels (P. conspicillata) off southern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Cipro, Caio V Z; Colabuono, Fernanda I; Taniguchi, Satie; Montone, Rosalinda C

    2013-12-15

    Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been gaining much visibility in environmental chemical studies due to their similarity to PCBs and growing reports of harmful effects. The fact that these contaminants have not yet undergone bans or restrictions on the global level underscores the need for data on their occurrence. In the present study, fat samples from 26 White-chinned Petrels (Procellaria aequinoctialis) and 3 Spectacled Petrels (P. conspicillata) collected dead ashore or as bycatch of longline fisheries in southern Brazil were analyzed to determine concentrations of seven congeners (IUPAC #28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154 and 183). Concentrations of ΣPBDEs ranged from not detectable to 72.70 ng g(-1) (wet weight), comparatively lower than concentrations reported for seabird samples in northern hemisphere. The most detected congeners were 153, 154 and 183. This pattern is close to that previously reported for birds of the same group, but not those from the same region. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. PAR-2, LGL-1 and the CDC-42 GAP CHIN-1 act in distinct pathways to maintain polarity in the C. elegans embryo.

    PubMed

    Beatty, Alexander; Morton, Diane G; Kemphues, Kenneth

    2013-05-01

    In the one-cell C. elegans embryo, polarity is maintained by mutual antagonism between the anterior cortical proteins PAR-3, PKC-3, PAR-6 and CDC-42, and the posterior cortical proteins PAR-2 and LGL-1 on the posterior cortex. The mechanisms by which these proteins interact to maintain polarity are incompletely understood. In this study, we investigate the interplay among PAR-2, LGL-1, myosin, the anterior PAR proteins and CDC-42. We find that PAR-2 and LGL-1 affect cortical myosin accumulation by different mechanisms. LGL-1 does not directly antagonize the accumulation of cortical myosin and instead plays a role in regulating PAR-6 levels. By contrast, PAR-2 likely has separate roles in regulating cortical myosin accumulation and preventing the expansion of the anterior cortical domain. We also provide evidence that asymmetry of active CDC-42 can be maintained independently of LGL-1 and PAR-2 by a redundant pathway that includes the CDC-42 GAP CHIN-1. Finally, we show that, in addition to its primary role in regulating the size of the anterior cortical domain via its binding to PAR-6, CDC-42 has a secondary role in regulating cortical myosin that is not dependent on PAR-6.

  19. Phylogeographic patterns in populations of the black-chinned tilapia complex (Teleostei, Cichlidae) from coastal areas in West Africa: support for the refuge zone theory.

    PubMed

    Falk, Thomas M; Teugels, Guy G; Abban, Eddie K; Villwock, Wolfgang; Renwrantz, Lothar

    2003-04-01

    Within the tilapiines, a major African cichlid lineage, quite limited genetic informations are available on phylogenetic interrelationships and phylogeographical patterns at both macro- and micro-evolutionary scales. The present study examines the genetic diversity of the black-chinned tilapia complex from coastal areas in West Africa (Senegal to Congo-Brazzaville) based on mtDNA control region sequences. Phylogenetic inferences provide support for the monophyly of both taxa involved. It is suggested that Sarotherodon melanotheron and Sarotherodon nigripinnis have diverged probably since the early Pleistocene. The occurrence of the main intraspecific lineages could be dated back to about 500,000-900,000 years. Our data suggest that West African Pleistocene refuge zones may have strongly influenced the degree and level of genetic differentiation among populations and thus the observed phylogeographic patterns. The spatial distribution of mtDNA lineages and the centres of intrapopulational genetic diversity clearly correspond to proposed lowland refuge zones and core areas of Central Africa. Moreover, this study genetically supports the existence of Sarotherodon melanotheron leonensis for the first time and further confirms the validity of the most recently introduced subspecies, e.g., Sarotherodon nigripinnis dolloi. Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science (USA)

  20. Plasticity of gene expression according to salinity in the testis of broodstock and F1 black-chinned tilapia, Sarotherodon melanotheron heudelotii

    PubMed Central

    Guinand, Bruno; Dugué, Rémi; Cosson, Jacky; Legendre, Marc; Panfili, Jacques; Durand, Jean-Dominique

    2014-01-01

    The black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron heudelotii Rüppell 1852 (Teleostei, Cichlidae) displays remarkable acclimation capacities. When exposed to drastic changes of salinity, which can be the case in its natural habitat, it develops quick physiological responses and keeps reproducing. The present study focused on the physiological impact of salinity on male reproductive capacities, using gene expression as a proxy of acclimation process. Two series of experimental fish were investigated: the first one was composed of fish maintained in freshwater for several generations and newly acclimated to salinities of 35 and 70, whereas the second one consisted of the descendants of the latter born and were raised under their native salinity. Expression patterns of 43 candidate genes previously identified from the testes of wild males was investigated in the three salinities and two generations. Twenty of them showed significant expression differences between salinities, and their predicted function revealed that most of them are involved in the osmotic tolerance of sperm cells and/or in the maintenance of sperm motility. A high level of expression variation was evidenced, especially for fish maintained in freshwater. In spite of this, gene expression patterns allowed the differentiation between fish raised in freshwater and those maintained in hypersaline water in both generations. Altogether, the results presented here suggest that this high variability of expression is likely to ensure the reproductive success of this species under varying salinities. PMID:25548735

  1. At the Cosmonaut Hotel in Baikonur, Kazakhstan, Expedition 48-49 crewmembers Takuya Onishi of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (left) and Anatoly Ivanishin of Roscosmos share a game of ping-pong June 30 during pre-launch activities. They and Kate Rubins of NASA will launch July 7, Baikonur time, on the Soyuz MS-01 spacecraft for a planned four-month mission on the International Space Station...NASA/Alexander Vysotsky.

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2016-06-30

    At the Cosmonaut Hotel in Baikonur, Kazakhstan, Expedition 48-49 crewmembers Takuya Onishi of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (left) and Anatoly Ivanishin of Roscosmos share a game of ping-pong June 30 during pre-launch activities. They and Kate Rubins of NASA will launch July 7, Baikonur time, on the Soyuz MS-01 spacecraft for a planned four-month mission on the International Space Station. NASA/Alexander Vysotsky

  2. Integration of aquatic ecology and biological oceanographic knowledge for development of area-based eutrophication assessment criteria leading to water resource remediation and utilization management: a case study in Tha Chin, the most eutrophic river of Thailand.

    PubMed

    Meksumpun, Charumas; Meksumpun, Shettapong

    2008-01-01

    This research was carried out in Tha Chin Watershed in the central part of Thailand with attempts to apply multidisciplinary knowledge for understanding ecosystem structure and response to anthropogenic pollution and natural impacts leading to a proposal for an appropriate zonation management approach for sustainable utilization of the area. Water quality status of the Tha Chin River and Estuary had been determined by analyzing ecological, hydrological, and coastal oceanographic information from recent field surveys (during March 2006 to November 2007) together with secondary data on irrigation, land utilization, and socio-economic status.Results indicated that the Tha Chin River and Estuary was eutrophic all year round. Almost 100% of the brackish to marine areas reflected strongly hypertrophic water condition during both dry and high-loading periods. High NH(4)(+) and PO(4)(3-) loads from surrounding agricultural land use, agro-industry, and community continuously flew into the aquatic environment. Deteriorated ecosystem was clearly observed by dramatically low DO levels (ca 1 mg/l) in riverine to coastal areas and Noctiluca and Ceratium red tide outbreaks occurred around tidal front closed to the estuary. Accordingly, fishery resources were significantly decreased. Some riverine benthic habitats became dominated by deposit-feeding worms e.g. Lumbriculus, Branchiura, and Tubifex, while estuarine benthic habitats reflected succession of polychaetes and small bivalves. Results on analysis on integrated ecosystem responses indicated that changing functions were significantly influenced by particulates and nutrients dynamics in the system.Based on the overall results, the Tha Chin River and Estuary should be divided into 4 zones (I: Upper freshwater zone; II: Middle freshwater zone; III Lower freshwater zone; and IV: Lowest brackish to marine zone) for further management schemes on water remediation. In this study, the importance of habitat morphology and water flow

  3. Impacts of nutrients and related environmental factors on distribution and size structure of Noctiluca scintillans populations of the eutrophic Tha Chin estuary, Thailand.

    PubMed

    Chuenniyom, Wansiri; Meksumpun, Charumas; Meksumpun, Shettapong

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze the impacts of nutrients and related aquatic factors on changes in the Noctiluca population of the Tha Chin estuary, a nutrient-rich estuary located in the inner Gulf of Thailand. Field surveys were carried out at 30 stations during November 2009 to August 2010. The results indicated high levels of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN; 13.89-46.99 μmol/L) and PO(4)(3-)-P (0.20-3.05 μmol/L) where the Noctiluca red tide occurred, particularly during the high-loading period. Dense populations were usually found in the outer part of the estuary with comparatively high salinity (25-29 psu). The highest Noctiluca density was 72,333 cells L(-1) and the cell diameters ranged between 360 and 460 μm. Proportions of small-sized cells (P(s); less than 300 μm) varied over time. In this study, P(s) showed a positive correlation with levels of PO(4)(3-)-P, while the total population density was significantly affected by levels of NH(4)(+)-N and DIN (p < 0.05). Overall, PO(4)(3-)-P influenced the development of the Noctiluca red tide, with the limitation of PO(4)(3-)-P levels to below 1 μmol/L suggested for controlling Noctiluca red tide outbreaks at their origin. To support environmental conservation and maintain sustainable production in the estuary, the levels of PO(4)(3-)-P should be considered for the further effective development of water quality standards in estuarine zones.

  4. An Atmospheric Pressure Ping-Pong "Ballometer"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kazachkov, Alexander; Kryuchkov, Dmitriy; Willis, Courtney; Moore, John C.

    2006-01-01

    Classroom experiments on atmospheric pressure focus largely on demonstrating its existence, often in a most impressive way. A series of amusing physics demonstrations is widely known and practiced by educators teaching the topic. However, measuring the value of atmospheric pressure(P[subscript atm]) is generally done in a rather mundane way,…

  5. An Atmospheric Pressure Ping-Pong "Ballometer"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kazachkov, Alexander; Kryuchkov, Dmitriy; Willis, Courtney; Moore, John C.

    2006-01-01

    Classroom experiments on atmospheric pressure focus largely on demonstrating its existence, often in a most impressive way. A series of amusing physics demonstrations is widely known and practiced by educators teaching the topic. However, measuring the value of atmospheric pressure(P[subscript atm]) is generally done in a rather mundane way,…

  6. Vertical Ridge Augmentation of the Atrophic Posterior Mandible with Sandwich Technique: Bone Block from the Chin Area versus Corticocancellous Bone Block Allograft—Clinical and Histological Prospective Randomized Controlled Study

    PubMed Central

    Laino, Luigi; Piattelli, Adriano; Lo Muzio, Lorenzo

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare the histological aspects of bone formation in atrophic posterior mandibles augmented by autologous bone block from chin area with corticocancellous bone block allograft used as inlays with the sandwich technique. Materials and Methods. Sixteen patients with bilateral partial edentulism in the posterior mandible were selected. The residual bone height, preliminarily measured by computed tomography scans, ranged between 5 and 7 mm from the inferior alveolar nerve. All patients required regeneration procedure with autologous bone block from chin area (control group) versus bone block allograft Puros (Zimmer Dental, 1900 Aston Avenue, Carlsbad, CA, USA) (test group). Histological and histomorphometric samples were collected at the time of implant positioning in order to analyze the percentage of newly formed bone, the residual graft material, and marrow spaces/soft tissue. Results. No statistically significant differences between the two groups were found regarding the percentage of newly formed bone. The percentage of residual grafted material was significantly higher in the test group, whilst the percentage of marrow spaces was higher in control group. Conclusions. In conclusion, both procedures supported good results, although the use of bone blocks allograft was less invasive and preferable than harvesting bone from the mental symphysis. PMID:24877155

  7. Vertical ridge augmentation of the atrophic posterior mandible with sandwich technique: bone block from the chin area versus corticocancellous bone block allograft--clinical and histological prospective randomized controlled study.

    PubMed

    Laino, Luigi; Iezzi, Giovanna; Piattelli, Adriano; Lo Muzio, Lorenzo; Cicciù, Marco

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare the histological aspects of bone formation in atrophic posterior mandibles augmented by autologous bone block from chin area with corticocancellous bone block allograft used as inlays with the sandwich technique. Sixteen patients with bilateral partial edentulism in the posterior mandible were selected. The residual bone height, preliminarily measured by computed tomography scans, ranged between 5 and 7 mm from the inferior alveolar nerve. All patients required regeneration procedure with autologous bone block from chin area (control group) versus bone block allograft Puros (Zimmer Dental, 1900 Aston Avenue, Carlsbad, CA, USA) (test group). Histological and histomorphometric samples were collected at the time of implant positioning in order to analyze the percentage of newly formed bone, the residual graft material, and marrow spaces/soft tissue. No statistically significant differences between the two groups were found regarding the percentage of newly formed bone. The percentage of residual grafted material was significantly higher in the test group, whilst the percentage of marrow spaces was higher in control group. In conclusion, both procedures supported good results, although the use of bone blocks allograft was less invasive and preferable than harvesting bone from the mental symphysis.

  8. Comparison of two treatment strategies for the early treatment of an anterior skeletal open bite : Posterior bite block-vertical pull chin cup (PBB-VPC) vs. posterior bite block-high pull headgear (PBB-HPH).

    PubMed

    Turkkahraman, Hakan; Cetin, Ebru

    2017-07-01

    Aim of the present study was to compare the effects of posterior bite block-vertical pull chin cup (PBB-VPC) and posterior bite block-high pull headgear (PBB-HPH) in the early treatment of anterior open bite. This retrospective study was carried out using pretreatment (T1) and posttreatment (T2) lateral cephalometric radiographs of 28 patients treated with either PBB-VPC or PBB-HPH and 14 age-matched control patients with anterior open bite. The treatment changes were evaluated with 20 measurements (7 angular and 13 linear). Intergroup comparisons of the cephalometric measurements were performed by ANOVA, and a post hoc Tukey test was used to perform multiple comparisons. There was no significant difference in the open bite correction between the two treatment groups, but both groups showed significantly greater increases in overbite than the controls (P < 0.01). The PBB-HPH group showed more upper incisor retraction than the control group (P < 0.01). The two treatment groups both showed significantly more lower incisor retraction than the controls, and more retraction in the PBB-HPH group was found (P < 0.001). Both PBB-VPC and PBB-HPH were effective in the early treatment of anterior open bite. Retrusion of the upper/lower incisors and a slight increase in the upper anterior dentoalveolar height were the most evident findings in the PBB-VPC group. In the PBB-HPH group, forward maxillary growth was significantly restricted, ANB and overjet were reduced, and the upper and lower incisors were significantly retruded.

  9. Ping-pong modes: a new form of multipactor.

    PubMed

    Kishek, R A

    2012-01-20

    The multipactor is a vacuum discharge based on a secondary electron emission. A novel resonant form is proposed that combines one- and two-surface impacts within a single period, provided the total transit time is an odd number of rf half-periods and the product of secondary yields exceeds unity. For low fD products, the simplest such mode is shown to significantly increase the upper electric field boundary of the multipacting region and lead to overlap of higher-order bands. The results agree nicely with 3D particle-in-cell code simulations. Practical implications of the findings are discussed.

  10. Purification and characterization of extracellular chin deacetylase from Colletotrichum lindemuthianum.

    PubMed

    Tokuyasu, K; Ohnishi-Kameyama, M; Hayashi, K

    1996-10-01

    Chitin deacetylase, active in the presence of acetate (96% of the enzymatic activity was retained in the presence of 100 mM sodium acetate), was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from a culture filtrate of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (944-fold with a recovery of 4.05%). The enzyme was induced in the medium after the eighth day of incubation simultaneously with the blackening of the medium. The molecular mass of the enzyme was 31.5 kDa and 33 kDa as judged by SDS-PAGE and gel filtration, respectively, suggesting that the enzyme is a single polypeptide. The optimum temperature was 60 degrees C and the optimum pH was 11.5-12.0 when glycol chitin was used as substrate. The enzyme was active toward glycol chitin, partially N-deacetylated water soluble chitin, and chitin oligomers the degrees of polymerization of which were more than four, but was less active with chitin trimer and dimer, and inactive with N-acetylglucosamine. The Km and kcat for glycol chitin were 2.55 mM and 27.1 s-1, respectively, and those for chitin pentamer were 414 microM and 83.2 s-1, respectively. The reaction rates of the enzyme toward glycol chitin and chitin oligomers seemed to follow the Michaelis-Menten kinetics.

  11. Security of modified Ping-Pong protocol in noisy and lossy channel

    PubMed Central

    Han, Yun-Guang; Yin, Zhen-Qiang; Li, Hong-Wei; Chen, Wei; Wang, Shuang; Guo, Guang-Can; Han, Zheng-Fu

    2014-01-01

    The “Ping-Pong” (PP) protocol is a two-way quantum key protocol based on entanglement. In this protocol, Bob prepares one maximally entangled pair of qubits, and sends one qubit to Alice. Then, Alice performs some necessary operations on this qubit and sends it back to Bob. Although this protocol was proposed in 2002, its security in the noisy and lossy channel has not been proven. In this report, we add a simple and experimentally feasible modification to the original PP protocol, and prove the security of this modified PP protocol against collective attacks when the noisy and lossy channel is taken into account. Simulation results show that our protocol is practical. PMID:24816899

  12. Giant Dielectric Permittivity in Ferroelectric Thin Films: Domain Wall Ping Pong

    PubMed Central

    Quan Jiang, An; Jian Meng, Xiang; Wei Zhang, David; Hyuk Park, Min; Yoo, Sijung; Jin Kim, Yu; Scott, James F.; Seong Hwang, Cheol

    2015-01-01

    The dielectric permittivity in ferroelectric thin films is generally orders of magnitude smaller than in their bulk. Here, we discover a way of increasing dielectric constants in ferroelectric thin films by ca. 500% by synchronizing the pulsed switching fields with the intrinsic switching time (nucleation of domain plus forward growth from cathode to anode). In a 170-nm lead zirconate titanate thin film with an average grain size of 850 nm this produces a dielectric constant of 8200 with the maximum nucleus density of 3.8 μm−2, which is one to three orders of magnitude higher than in other dielectric thin films. This permits smaller capacitors in memory devices and is a step forward in making ferroelectric domain-engineered nano-electronics. PMID:26440528

  13. Ping Pong: Competing Leadership for Reform in EU Higher Education 1998-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Anne

    2011-01-01

    How effective is EU cooperation in higher education? This article treats the issue as one of effectiveness in policy-making. What are the policy ideas which the EU wishes to feed into a policy domain where it has to operate largely through political cooperation and a modest degree of incentive funding? What outcomes are possible? The question is…

  14. From Pong to Pokemon Go, catching the essence of the Internet Gaming Disorder diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Carbonell, Xavier

    2017-03-17

    Taking as a starting point, this commentary proposes some issues regarding the diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder discussed in Kuss et al. (2016). In our opinion, the confusion in DSM-5 diagnosis could be due to the weak starting point in building the criteria. The criteria such as functional impairment and stability of the dysfunctional behavior are considered. It is suggested that avatar identification, playing motivations, and types of video games should be considered for diagnosis. The diagnostic process is highly influenced by social context and the rapid development of video game industry. The commentary ends by considering the distinction between online and offline video gaming and the critical consideration of everyday behaviors as being addictive.

  15. From Pong to Pokemon Go, catching the essence of the Internet Gaming Disorder diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Carbonell, Xavier

    2017-01-01

    Taking as a starting point, this commentary proposes some issues regarding the diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder discussed in Kuss et al. (2016). In our opinion, the confusion in DSM-5 diagnosis could be due to the weak starting point in building the criteria. The criteria such as functional impairment and stability of the dysfunctional behavior are considered. It is suggested that avatar identification, playing motivations, and types of video games should be considered for diagnosis. The diagnostic process is highly influenced by social context and the rapid development of video game industry. The commentary ends by considering the distinction between online and offline video gaming and the critical consideration of everyday behaviors as being addictive. PMID:28301965

  16. Ping Pong: Competing Leadership for Reform in EU Higher Education 1998-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Anne

    2011-01-01

    How effective is EU cooperation in higher education? This article treats the issue as one of effectiveness in policy-making. What are the policy ideas which the EU wishes to feed into a policy domain where it has to operate largely through political cooperation and a modest degree of incentive funding? What outcomes are possible? The question is…

  17. Ping-Pong, Endurance, Card and other Types of Drinking Games: Are These Games of the Same Feather?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zamboanga, Byron L.; Calvert, Barbara D.; O'Riordan, Siobhan S.; McCollum, Elan C.

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this study was to investigate the structural heterogeneity of drinking games with respect to beverage type consumed, competitiveness, intoxication level, and game duration, as well as the motives for participation in different games and their relevance to intoxication level while playing. Participants were female students ( N = 162; M…

  18. One Loop to Rule Them All: The Ping-Pong Cycle and piRNA-Guided Silencing

    PubMed Central

    Czech, Benjamin; Hannon, Gregory J.

    2016-01-01

    The PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) pathway is a conserved defense mechanism that protects the genetic information of animal germ cells from the deleterious effects of molecular parasites, such as transposons. Discovered nearly a decade ago, this small RNA silencing system comprises PIWI-clade Argonaute proteins and their associated RNA-binding partners, the piRNAs. In this review, we highlight recent work that has advanced our understanding of how piRNAs preserve genome integrity across generations. We discuss the mechanism of piRNA biogenesis, give an overview of common themes as well as differences in piRNA-mediated silencing between species, and end by highlighting known and emerging functions of piRNAs. PMID:26810602

  19. "Verbal Ping Pong" as Culturally Congruent Communication: Maximizing African American Students' Access and Engagement as Socially Just Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter Ford, Amy

    2013-01-01

    African American youth have been disciplined and dismissed from classrooms for engaging in culturally-based communication practices that teachers misinterpret and perceive as disruptive. Teachers have significant power in how they communicate with their students. White teachers should be especially aware of this power because misunderstandings…

  20. Ping-Pong, Endurance, Card and other Types of Drinking Games: Are These Games of the Same Feather?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zamboanga, Byron L.; Calvert, Barbara D.; O'Riordan, Siobhan S.; McCollum, Elan C.

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this study was to investigate the structural heterogeneity of drinking games with respect to beverage type consumed, competitiveness, intoxication level, and game duration, as well as the motives for participation in different games and their relevance to intoxication level while playing. Participants were female students ( N = 162; M…

  1. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - A black racer snake slithers away through a patch of dry grass on the grounds of Kennedy Space Center. The Black Racer Snake is one of the fastest, non-venomous snakes in North America. It has a slender body with a slender oval-shaped head and white patch on its chin. It lives in brushy areas, rocky hillsides and meadows, and underneath boards or tin around old buildings. Black Racers feed on insects, eggs, mice, frogs and lizards. Kennedy shares a boundary with the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, home to some of the nation’s rarest and most unusual species of wildlife. In addition, the Refuge supports 19 endangered or threatened wildlife species on Federal or State lists, more than any other single refuge in the U.S.

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-02-04

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - A black racer snake slithers away through a patch of dry grass on the grounds of Kennedy Space Center. The Black Racer Snake is one of the fastest, non-venomous snakes in North America. It has a slender body with a slender oval-shaped head and white patch on its chin. It lives in brushy areas, rocky hillsides and meadows, and underneath boards or tin around old buildings. Black Racers feed on insects, eggs, mice, frogs and lizards. Kennedy shares a boundary with the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, home to some of the nation’s rarest and most unusual species of wildlife. In addition, the Refuge supports 19 endangered or threatened wildlife species on Federal or State lists, more than any other single refuge in the U.S.

  2. Helmet retention system types as a risk factor to properly attach the chin strap.

    PubMed

    Freitas, C A; Furtado, A M; Petterle, R R; Pimentel, S K; Carvalho, F H

    2017-07-31

    This study aimed to determine the factors associated with the incorrect use of a helmet retention system (loose or open) and how often this happens. This was an observational transversal study conducted in Curitiba, Brazil. Trained observers positioned at traffic lights collected information about the helmet fixation mode, the helmet model (full-face, open-face, modular, half), and the helmet retention system model (micrometric, double-D, fast-release). Additional data including position on the motorcycle, gender, and function of the motorcycle (as a work vehicle) were collected. The observers, collection site, and periods were randomly selected by lots. From a total of 3,050 motorcyclists, 1,807 (59.2%) had their helmets fastened correctly, 907 (29.7%) had the retention system fastened loosely, and in 336 (11.0%), the retention system was completely open. Increased odds of incorrect use were observed for the fast-release and double-D buckles compared to the micrometrics buckles, with a fixed odds ratio (OR) of 4.62 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.89-5.51) and 3.54 (95% CI, 2.46-5.09), respectively (P <.0001). Full-face helmets had a higher chance of incorrect use (P <.0001), and passengers had a higher incidence of incorrect use of the helmet than drivers (P <.0001). An important risk factor related to the incorrect use of the helmet was the type of retention system. The helmet model and being a passenger had a secondary influence on incorrect use of helmets.

  3. "The Source of Learning Is Thought" Reading the "Chin-ssu lu" (???) with a "Western Eye"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reichenbach, Roland

    2016-01-01

    The contribution focuses on Neo-Confucian texts as collected by Zhu Xi (?? 1130-1200) and Lü Zuqian (1137-1181) and is a look from the "outside", from the perspective of German theories of Bildung ("self-cultivation"). It aims at demonstrating that among other insights that today's readers may gather from Neo-Confucian…

  4. Transcriptional responses of the black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron to salinity extremes.

    PubMed

    Tine, Mbaye; de Lorgeril, Julien; D'Cotta, Hélèna; Pepey, Elodie; Bonhomme, François; Baroiller, Jean François; Durand, Jean-Dominique

    2008-06-01

    Sarotherodon melanotheron is one of the most euryhaline teleosts able to withstand variations in environmental salinity ranging from freshwater (FW) to 130‰ hyper-saline waters (HSW). Although significant progress has been made in exploring the cellular and molecular changes that accompany salinity adaptation in teleosts, little is known about the effects of long-term acclimation to HSW. We sought to identify in this tilapia species the genes whose transcription is induced by long-term acclimation either to HSW or FW. Two subtractive cDNA libraries were made from gills of fish acclimated for 45 days to either condition, with 320 partial cDNA sequences encoding proteins potentially involved in the response to the two salinity extremes. The ESTs comparisons with genomic databases allowed putative functions to be attributed to 197 of these genes. The suppression subtractive hybridisation (SSH) results were validated by Real-time PCR for 13 candidate genes having presumably a role in osmoregulation, supplemented by Na(+), K(+)-ATPase α-subunit and carbonic anhydrase, two genes known to be implicated in this function. In fish acclimated to both salinity extremes, the functional category of cellular process was the predominant one, which may indicate high cellular turnover rates in FW and HSW-adapted fish. The acclimation to FW and HSW also appeared to trigger the expression of genes involved in transport activity, biological regulation and metabolic processes, at a higher level in fish acclimated to HSW, suggesting higher metabolic activity in this situation. These results are a first step towards the identification of key molecular processes involved in the fish acclimation to extreme salinities.

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Interstellar S isotopes (Chin+, 1996)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chin, Y.-N.; Henkel, C.; Whiteoak, J. B.; Langer, N.; Churchwell, E. B.

    1995-09-01

    A 12C32S, 13C32S, 12 has been made to study interstellar 32S/34S and 34S/33S ratios from the galactic disk. The four CS isotopomers were detected in 20 star forming regions with galactocentric distances between 3 and 9kpc. From a comparison of line velocities, the C33S J=2-1 rest frequency is ~250kHz below the value given in the Lovas (1992) catalog. Taking 12C/13C ratios from Wilson & Rood (1994) and assuming equal 12C32S and 13C32S excitation temperatures and beam filling factors, 12C32S opacities are in the range 3 to 15; average 32S/34S and 34S/33S isotope ratios are 24.4+/-5.0 and 6.27+/-1.01, respectively. While no systematic variation in the 34S/33S isotope ratio is found, the 32S/34S ratio increases with galactocentric distance when accounting for the 12C/13C gradient of the galactic disk. A fit to the unweighted data yields 32S/34S=3.3+/-0.5(DGC/kpc)+4.1+/-3.1 with a correlation coefficient of 0.84. Since the interstellar sulfur (S) isotopes are synthesized by oxygen burning in massive stars, consequences for nucleosynthesis and models of chemical evolution are briefly discussed. (1 data file).

  6. Chin Prompt Plus Re-Presentation as Treatment for Expulsion in Children with Feeding Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Jonathan W.; Piazza, Cathleen C.; Groff, Rebecca A.; Vaz, Petula C. M.

    2011-01-01

    Expulsion (spitting out food) is a problem behavior observed in many children with feeding disorders. In the current investigation, we identified 4 children diagnosed with a feeding disorder who exhibited high rates of expulsion. Treatment with re-presentation (placing expelled liquids or solids back into the child's mouth) was not effective in…

  7. "The Source of Learning Is Thought" Reading the "Chin-ssu lu" (???) with a "Western Eye"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reichenbach, Roland

    2016-01-01

    The contribution focuses on Neo-Confucian texts as collected by Zhu Xi (?? 1130-1200) and Lü Zuqian (1137-1181) and is a look from the "outside", from the perspective of German theories of Bildung ("self-cultivation"). It aims at demonstrating that among other insights that today's readers may gather from Neo-Confucian…

  8. Esthetic and functional reconstruction for burn deformities of the lower lip and chin with free radial forearm flap.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jong-Wook; Jang, Young-Chul; Oh, Suk-Joon

    2006-04-01

    Burn injury often has produced deformity both of contours and cover in face and neck. Hypertrophic burn scar contracture of the lower face and neck is one of the most difficult subjects to solve because it produces problems with function and appearance. In planning the correction, the restoration of normal form and function is the best way in reconstruction. From January 1998 to January 2002, we had 7 patients who had scar contractures of the lower face and neck. We reconstructed their deformities with free radial forearm flap and skin graft. We could get restoration of the facial form to normal shape, position, and quality of the facial skin cover homogeneity. No remarkable complications have been found in all 7 patients. For better outcomes, there are some considerations. The lowest margin of the flap should be limited to at least 1 finger breadth above the hyoid bone because low setting of the flap may deteriorate the cervicomental angle. The skin graft is undertaken in the cervical region. Adhesion between the flap dermis and wound bed may be necessary for reconstruction of the labiomental sulcus. Burn deformities of the lower face and neck area were resurfaced with free radial forearm flap and skin graft. Flaps did not look completely normal, but those were compatible with the adjacent skin. We could have an adequate functional resurfacing and optimal esthetic outcomes while minimizing recurrent contractures.

  9. Effects of chin advancement surgery in hyoid bone and tongue positions and in the dimension of the oropharynx.

    PubMed

    Cabral, Milena Barreto de Arruda; de Freitas, André Carlos; de Araújo, Telma Martins; Pena, Nilson; Brandão Filho, Rivail Almeida

    2013-01-01

    Advancement genioplasty has been increasingly indicated for the correction of anterior mandibular deficiency as it balances the patient's profile and generates functional changes. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of advancement genioplasty in the oropharyngeal size and in the position of the hyoid bone and tongue. The sample comprised 22 lateral cephalometric radiographs of 11 individuals who had undergone advancement genioplasty alone. Eleven of these radiographs depicted the immediate preoperative period (T0) and the other 11 the postoperative period after at least four months (T1). The radiographs were scanned and exported to the Radiocef Studio 2.0® software (Radio Memory Ltda., Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil). The landmarks were then identified and automatically measured by the program. The results showed statistically significant differences between the horizontal position of the hyoid bone and tongue and in the oropharyngeal size. The hyoid bone and tongue were repositioned anteriorly after surgery (p = 0.01), thereby increasing the dimension of the oropharyngeal airspace (p = 0.01). The oropharyngeal dimension increased as the tongue base and hyoid bone were repositioned more anteriorly.

  10. Long-standing chin-augmenting costochondral graft creating a diagnostic challenge: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Mintline, Mark; Ruprecht, Axel; Cohen, Donald; Blumberg, Barton R.; Nair, Madhu K.

    2016-01-01

    To our knowledge, the imaging features of costochondral grafts (CCGs) on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) have not been documented in the literature. We present the case of a CCG in the facial soft tissue to the anterior mandible, with changes mimicking a cartilaginous neoplasm. This is the first report to describe the CBCT imaging features of a long-standing graft in the anterior mandible. Implants or grafts may be incidental findings on radiographic images made for unrelated purposes. Although most are well-defined and radiographically homogeneous, being of relatively inert non-biological material, immune reactions to some grafts may stimulate alterations in the appearance of surrounding tissues. Biological implants may undergo growth and differentiation, causing their appearance to mimic neoplastic lesions. We present the case of a cosmetic autogenous CCG that posed a diagnostic challenge both radiographically and histopathologically. PMID:28035307

  11. Holocene left-slip rate determined by cosmogenic surface dating on the Xidatan segment of the Kunlun Fault (Qinghai, Chin

    SciTech Connect

    Guoguang, Z; Caffee, M; Finkel, R; G,; demer, Y; Meriaux, A S; Qunlu,; Ryerson, F J; Tapponnier, P; Van der Woerd, J

    1998-09-01

    Cosmogenic dating, using in-situ 26A1 and 10Be in quartz pebbles from alluvial terrace surfaces, constrains the late Holocene slip rate on the Xidatan segment of the Kuniun fault in northeastern Tibet. Two terrace risers offset by 24 ± 3 and 33 f± 4m, having respective ages of 1788 ± 388 and 2914 ± 471 yr, imply a slip rate of 12.1 ± 2.6 mm/yr. The full range of ages obtained ((less than or equal to) 22.8 k.y., most of them between 6.7 and 1.4 k.y.) confirm that terrace deposition and incision, hence landform evolution, are modulated by post-glacial climate change. Coupled with minimum offsets of 9-12 m, this slip rate implies that great earthquakes (M-8) with a recurrence time of 800-1000 yr. rupture the Kunlun fault n

  12. Garnet-pyroxene-amphibole xenoliths from Chin Valley, Arizona, and implications for continental lithosphere below the Moho

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Douglas; Arculus, Richard J.; Manchester, Janet E.; Tyner, G. Nell

    1994-01-01

    Garnet-pyroxene-amphibole xenoliths illustrate how P and T histories can be recorded in rocks from the crust-mantle transition and document the diversity of continental lithosphere below the Mohorovicic discontinuity. The xenoliths are from the Sullivan Buttes Latite in Chino Valley, Arizona, in the Transition Zone of the Colorado Plateau. The most definitive depth assignments depend upon garnet-pyroxene thermobarometry coupled with analysis of Ca and Al gradients in orthopyroxene. Websterites that record temperatures of 600-700C contain orthopyroxene zoned in Al but not Ca, and these rocks were carried up from depths of at least 43 km. Websterites that record temperatures of 800-900C contain more homogeneous orthopyroxene, and they were erupted from 70 to 80 km. Most eclogite and amphibole-rich xenoliths record temperatures in the range bracketed by websterites and so were probably erupted from similar depths. Element abundances and Sr, Nd, and Pb isotope ratios establish that protoliths of most xenoliths formed by crystal-melt fractionation from basaltic magmas. Diverse Sr and Nd isotopic compositions range from Nd-epsilon approximately equals +8 and Sr-87/Sr-86 approximately equals 0.7045 for two websterites to Nd-epsilon approximately equals -9 and Sr-87/Sr-86 approximately equals 0.7064 for both parts of a composite eclogite. Most xenoliths probably have Proterozoic protoliths, although many record more recent thermal and metasomatic events, and a few probably formed from Cenozoic magmas. Observations are consistent with a reconstruction of the lithosphere in which eclogite and amphibole-rich rock were volumetrically important to depths of at least 70-80 km at 25 Ma. Anhydrous peridotite may not dominate just below the Mohorovicic discountinuity beneath Chino Valley or beneath some other localities on the Colorado Plateau and elsewhere. No evidence was observed in the Chino Valley suite for replacement of continental lithosphere during Phanerozic tectonism or for significant underplating in Cenozoic time.

  13. 68Ga PSMA PET/CT in a Rare Case of Metastatic Adenocarcinoma Prostate Presenting as Numb Chin Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Sasikumar, Arun; Joy, Ajith; Pillai, M R A; Gopal, Renuka; Thomas, Boben

    2017-03-01

    A 68-year-old man presented with right-side facial numbness. MRI showed an extra-axial mass infiltrating the right temporal bone. It was debulked surgically, and histopathology revealed metastatic adenocarcinoma. Ga PSMA PET/CT done in view of increased PSA levels and clinically suspicious hard lesion in prostate showed primary lesion in left side of prostate with metastases to the right temporal bone. Primary carcinoma of the prostate and metastases to the right temporal bone were proven histopathologically. Our case highlights the usefulness of Ga PSMA PET/CT in identifying the primary site in suspected prostate cancer and mapping the metastatic sites.

  14. The Forty-Eight-Hour Rule: Emotional Engagement and the Student Athlete

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Alan C. R.

    2009-01-01

    Several years ago, the author taught a course called First-Year experience. A student named Sean mentioned that he played "water pong." Sean, a high-achieving student who was also a member of the lacrosse team, explained that water pong was a game with the rules of beer pong, using water rather than beer. Sean volunteered an explanation of his…

  15. The Forty-Eight-Hour Rule: Emotional Engagement and the Student Athlete

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Alan C. R.

    2009-01-01

    Several years ago, the author taught a course called First-Year experience. A student named Sean mentioned that he played "water pong." Sean, a high-achieving student who was also a member of the lacrosse team, explained that water pong was a game with the rules of beer pong, using water rather than beer. Sean volunteered an explanation of his…

  16. The impact of environmental degradation on reproduction of the black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron from various coastal marine, estuarine and freshwater habitats.

    PubMed

    Guèye, Moussa; Kantoussan, Justin; Tine, Mbaye

    2013-07-01

    There is growing evidence that climate change has greatly altered environmental conditions in many aquatic ecosystems over the last decades, leading to changes in fish distribution and life history traits. Recent works conducted in Senegalese and Gambian coastal marine, estuarine and freshwater ecosystems have shown important changes in the intensity, frequency and breeding timing of wild population of Sarotherodon melanotheron in response to changes in salinity regimes. In addition to salinity, this study investigates the potential influences of other environmental factors that have received less attention on the reproduction of S. melanotheron from three different aquatic ecosystems in Senegal. The results demonstrate that day-length and temperature affect sexual maturity in both males and females from Guiers Lake and Hann Bay, but no such effects were found in upstream of the Saloum Estuary, where the spawning activity seems to be under the synergetic control of rainfall and salinity that apparently predominate over all the other ambient factors. This study demonstrated for the first time that aside from photoperiod and temperature, rainfall also influences fish reproduction in Hann Bay probably through its effects on water quality. Furthermore, our results confirm previous findings that changes in salinity regimes resulting from seasonal variations in precipitation and evaporation are the ultimate causes of temporal changes in the reproductive activity of the species in this estuary.

  17. Identification of individual foothill yellow-legged frogs (Rana boylii) using chin pattern photographs: a non-invasive and effective method for small population studies

    Treesearch

    K.R. Marlow; K.D. Wiseman; Clara Wheeler; J.E.  Drennan; R.E.  Jackman

    2016-01-01

    The ability to identify individual animals is a valuable tool in the study of amphibian population dynamics, movement ecology, social behavior, and habitat use. Numerous methods of marking amphibians have been employed including the use of passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags, radio-transmitters, elastomers, branding, and mutilation techniques such as toe...

  18. Salinity-related variation in gene expression in wild populations of the black-chinned tilapia from various West African coastal marine, estuarine and freshwater habitats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tine, Mbaye; McKenzie, David J.; Bonhomme, François; Durand, Jean-Dominique

    2011-01-01

    This study measured the relative expression of the genes coding for Na +, K +-ATPase 1α(NAKA), voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC), cytochrome c oxidase-1 (COX), and NADH dehydrogenase (NDH), in gills of six wild populations of a West African tilapia species, acclimatised to a range of seasonal (rainy or dry) salinities in coastal, estuarine and freshwater sites. Previous laboratory experiments have demonstrated that these genes, involved in active ion transport, oxidative phosphorylation, and intra-cellular ATP transport, are relatively over-expressed in gill tissues of this species acclimated to high salinity. Positive correlations between relative expression and ambient salinity were found for all genes in the wild populations (Spearman rank correlation, p < 0.05), although for some genes these were only significant in either the rainy season or dry season. Most significantly, however, relative expression was positively correlated amongst the four genes, indicating that they are functionally interrelated in adaptation of Sarotherodon melanotheron to salinity variations in its natural environment. In the rainy season, when salinity was unstable and ranged between zero and 37 psu across the sites, overall mean expression of the genes was higher than in the dry season, which may have reflected more variable particularly sudden fluctuations in salinity and poorer overall water quality. In the dry season, when the salinity is more stable but ranged between zero and 100 psu across the sites, NAKA, NDH and VDAC expression revealed U-shaped relationships with lowest relative expression at salinities approaching seawater, between 25 and 45 psu. Although it is not simple to establish direct relationship between gene expression levels and energy requirement for osmoregulation, these results may indicate that costs of adaptation to salinity are lowest in seawater, the natural environment of this species. While S. melanotheron can colonise environments with extremely high salinities, up to 100 psu, this was related to high relative expression for all genes studied, indicating that this imposes increased energy demand for osmotic homeostasis in gill tissues. This study is the first to demonstrate, in fish and in wild populations, that expression of NAKA, VDAC, NDH and COX are interrelated in gill tissues, and are involved in long-term acclimatisation to a salinity range between 0 and 100 psu.

  19. Uwarunkowania rozwoju turystyki na przykładzie wybranych geoparków Chin / Legal possibilities of geodiversity determinants of tourism development on the basis of selected Chinese geoparks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Papińska, Elżbieta

    2012-12-01

    The area of China is characterized by remarkably complex geological structures and numerous types of landscape. China's landscapes vary from alpine to lowlands, from extremely arid (desert) to wetlands, from karst to volcanic. Spectacular landforms and numerous interesting geological sites became tourist attractions that influenced the development of domestic and foreign tourism. The Chinese quickly recognized the extraordinary natural assets of their territory and established an extensive network of protected areas. Geoparks are an important component of this network and there were a total of 342 geoparks in 2009. This number includes 183 of national and 159 provincial geoparks. Geodiversity of China is also reflected in UNESCO's World Network of Geoparks (GGN - Global Geoparks Network, 2009), where 24 of 77 parks come from the territory of China. This paper presents the conditions of the development of tourism in selected geoparks, including Jiuzhaigou, Huanglong (Sichuan province), Huangshan (Anhui Province), Shilin Karst Peak Forest (Stone Forest, Yunnan Province), Tianchi Tianshan (Xinjiang province). Some of them represent national parks and national Geoparks, and Huangshan and Stone Forest are part of UNESCO's World Network of Geoparks.

  20. Deoxycholic Acid Injection

    MedlinePlus

    Deoxycholic acid injection is used to improve the appearance and profile of moderate to severe submental fat ('double chin'; fatty tissue located under the chin). Deoxycholic acid injection is in a class of medications called ...

  1. Assessing the Effectiveness of Gravitational Wave Outreach Video Games in High School Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wheeler, Jonathan

    Students and faculty at the Gravitational Wave Group in Birmingham, UK developed a remake of the classic 1972 game of Pong. Black Hole Pong was developed to be used in events such as science fairs as a way to engage children and pique interest in black holes. I present the results of a study which assesses the utility of Black Hole Pong and its successors in raising awareness of gravitational wave research, and in fostering conceptual understanding of astrophysics and gravity. Of particular interest in this study is potential use in high school science classrooms during astrophysics units.

  2. 38 CFR 4.118 - Schedule of ratings-skin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... distortion or asymmetry of three or more features or paired sets of features (nose, chin, forehead, eyes... sets of features (nose, chin, forehead, eyes (including eyelids), ears (auricles), cheeks, lips), or... gross distortion or asymmetry of one feature or paired set of features (nose, chin, forehead, eyes...

  3. Applying Human Capital Management to Model Manpower Readiness: A Conceptual Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    CAPITAL MANAGEMENT TO MODEL MANPOWER READINESS: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK by Pert Chin Ngin December 2005 Associate Advisors: William R...Management to Model Manpower Readiness: A Conceptual Framework 6. AUTHOR(S) Pert Chin Ngin 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S...distribution is unlimited. APPLYING HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT TO MODEL MANPOWER READINESS: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Pert Chin Ngin MAJOR, Republic of

  4. Complete Genome Sequences of Six Chrysodeixis includens Nucleopolyhedrovirus Isolates from Brazil and Guatemala

    PubMed Central

    Craveiro, Saluana R.; Santos, Luis Arthur V. M.; Togawa, Roberto C.; Inglis, Peter W.; Grynberg, Priscila; Ribeiro, Zilda Maria A.; Ribeiro, Bergmann M.

    2016-01-01

    The baculovirus, Chrysodeixis (formerly Pseudoplusia) includens nucleopolyhedrovirus (ChinNPV), is a new Alphabaculovirus pathogenic to Chrysodeixis includens. Here, we report the complete genome sequences of six ChinNPV isolates. The availability of these genome sequences will provide information on ChinNPV molecular genetics, promoting understanding of its pathogenicity, diversity, and evolution. PMID:27932639

  5. Update: Advancement of Contact Dynamics Modeling for Human Spaceflight Simulation Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brain, Thomas A.; Kovel, Erik B.; MacLean, John R.; Quiocho, Leslie J.

    2017-01-01

    Pong is a new software tool developed at the NASA Johnson Space Center that advances interference-based geometric contact dynamics based on 3D graphics models. The Pong software consists of three parts: a set of scripts to extract geometric data from 3D graphics models, a contact dynamics engine that provides collision detection and force calculations based on the extracted geometric data, and a set of scripts for visualizing the dynamics response with the 3D graphics models. The contact dynamics engine can be linked with an external multibody dynamics engine to provide an integrated multibody contact dynamics simulation. This paper provides a detailed overview of Pong including the overall approach and modeling capabilities, which encompasses force generation from contact primitives and friction to computational performance. Two specific Pong-based examples of International Space Station applications are discussed, and the related verification and validation using this new tool are also addressed.

  6. North Korea: A Government-Sponsored Drug Trafficking Network

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    some hasty repair work, the HMAS Stuart set out to capture the Pong Su. In the Tasman Sea on April 19, after the Stuart clearly identified the Pong...coast. Following the arrests civil police intercepted the ship but they were unable to board due to heavy seas . The Navy had to be summoned. After...of Chongjin, a large port city on North Korea’s northeast coast. “I’d pick it up and drive it to the harbor, and it would be taken out to sea to be

  7. Investigation on Novel Methods to Increase Specific Thrust in Pulse Detonation Engines via Imploding Detonations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    NOVEL METHODS TO INCREASE SPECIFIC THRUST IN PULSE DETONATION ENGINES VIA IMPLODING DETONATIONS by Ivan Chin Kian Ho December 2009 Thesis...Increase Specific Thrust in Pulse Detonation Engines via Imploding Detonations 6. AUTHOR(S) Ivan Chin Kian Ho 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 7. PERFORMING...long run distance for transition to detonation, thus, potentially affecting specific thrust . Novel methods via imploding detonations were

  8. The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Teaching Sociology: 1973-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paino, Maria; Blankenship, Chastity; Grauerholz, Liz; Chin, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    This article updates and extends research by Baker and Chin, who tracked changes in studies published in Teaching Sociology from 1973 to 1983 (Baker) and 1984 to 1999 (Chin). The current study traces manuscripts published in "Teaching Sociology" from 2000 to 2009. We examine both who publishes in the journal and what gets published. In particular,…

  9. The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Teaching Sociology: 1973-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paino, Maria; Blankenship, Chastity; Grauerholz, Liz; Chin, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    This article updates and extends research by Baker and Chin, who tracked changes in studies published in Teaching Sociology from 1973 to 1983 (Baker) and 1984 to 1999 (Chin). The current study traces manuscripts published in "Teaching Sociology" from 2000 to 2009. We examine both who publishes in the journal and what gets published. In particular,…

  10. Standardization of head and neck contouring using the acanthiomeatal line.

    PubMed

    Desai, Snehal; Teh, Bin S; Hinojosa, Jose; Bell, Bent C; Paulino, Arnold C; Butler, E Brian

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived and actual chin position(s) used for radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancers in a variety of clinical settings. Dosimetrists were asked to describe the external landmarks used to set the chin position. The lateral treatment planning radiographic figures in Ang's textbook, Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancers: Indications and Techniques, were analyzed for chin position by drawing a horizontal line from the tip of the chin to the cervical spine. The physicians at 7 departments were asked to rate the chin positions used in their departments for head-and-neck simulations. Choices included: (1) mildly flexed, (2) neutral, (3) mildly extended, and (4) hyperextended. In addition, each center was asked to select 2 representative cases to show routine chin position. The dosimetrists fixed the chin in neutral position by placing a virtual plane defined by 3 points (the base of the nasal septum [acanthus] and the external auditory canals) perpendicular to the table top. The type of head holder was irrelevant. Eighty-two percent (31/38) of the figures in Ang's text showed positioning in the neutral position (tip of the chin intersected the cervical spine between C2-3/C3-4). Most (71.4%) of the radiotherapists thought their patients were treated in the hyperextended neck position but, in fact, 85.7% (12/14) of the simulations showed a neural neck position. Reproducible chin positioning can be obtained by using the acanthiomeatal line. Consistent use of this technique will create a uniformly positioned set of axial co-images that have consistent appearance of avoidance and lymphatic areas. This will simplify contouring on axial computed tomography (CT) images of the neck. Standardizing the chin position is an important step to developing a standardized atlas and developing an information tool for automated contouring.

  11. Standardization of Head and Neck Contouring Using the Acanthiomeatal Line

    SciTech Connect

    Desai, Snehal; Teh, Bin S. Hinojosa, Jose; Bell, Bent C.; Paulino, Arnold C.; Butler, E. Brian

    2009-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived and actual chin position(s) used for radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancers in a variety of clinical settings. Dosimetrists were asked to describe the external landmarks used to set the chin position. The lateral treatment planning radiographic figures in Ang's textbook, Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancers: Indications and Techniques, were analyzed for chin position by drawing a horizontal line from the tip of the chin to the cervical spine. The physicians at 7 departments were asked to rate the chin positions used in their departments for head-and-neck simulations. Choices included: (1) mildly flexed, (2) neutral, (3) mildly extended, and (4) hyperextended. In addition, each center was asked to select 2 representative cases to show routine chin position. The dosimetrists fixed the chin in neutral position by placing a virtual plane defined by 3 points (the base of the nasal septum [acanthus] and the external auditory canals) perpendicular to the table top. The type of head holder was irrelevant. Eighty-two percent (31/38) of the figures in Ang's text showed positioning in the neutral position (tip of the chin intersected the cervical spine between C2-3/C3-4). Most (71.4%) of the radiotherapists thought their patients were treated in the hyperextended neck position but, in fact, 85.7% (12/14) of the simulations showed a neural neck position. Reproducible chin positioning can be obtained by using the acanthiomeatal line. Consistent use of this technique will create a uniformly positioned set of axial co-images that have consistent appearance of avoidance and lymphatic areas. This will simplify contouring on axial computed tomography (CT) images of the neck. Standardizing the chin position is an important step to developing a standardized atlas and developing an information tool for automated contouring.

  12. Commentary on "Surveillance guidelines based on recurrence patterns after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer: the Canadian Bladder Cancer Network experience." Yafi FA, Aprikian AG, Fradet Y, Chin JL, Izawa J, Rendon R, Estey E, Fairey A, Cagiannos I, Lacombe L, Lattouf JB, Bell D, Saad F, Drachenberg D, Kassouf W. Department of Surgery (Urology), McGill University, Quebec, Canada: BJU Int 2012;110(9):1317-23 [Epub 2012 Apr 13].

    PubMed

    Kamat, Ashish M

    2013-07-01

    Study Type-Prognosis (cohort) Level of Evidence 2a. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Radical cystectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection is recognized as the standard of care for carcinoma invading bladder muscle and for refractory non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Owing to high recurrence and progression rates, a two-pronged strict surveillance regimen, consisting of both functional and oncological follow-up, has been advocated. It is also well recognized that more aggressive tumours with extravesical disease and node-positive disease recur more frequently and have worse outcomes. This study adds to the scant body of literature available regarding surveillance strategies after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. In the absence of any solid evidence supporting the role of strict surveillance regimens, this extensive examination of recurrence patterns in a large multi-institutional project lends further support to the continued use of risk-stratified follow-up and emphasizes the need for earlier strict surveillance in patients with extravesical and node-positive disease. To review our data on recurrence patterns after radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer (BC). To establish appropriate surveillance protocols. We collected and pooled data from a database of 2287 patients who had undergone RC for BC between 1998 and 2008 in eight different Canadian academic centres. Of the 2287 patients, 1890 had complete recurrence information and form the basis of the present study. A total of 825 patients (43.6%) developed recurrence. According to location, 48.6% of recurrent tumours were distant, 25.2% pelvic, 14.5% retroperitoneal and 11.8% to multiple regions such as pelvic and retroperitoneal or pelvic and distant. The median (range) time to recurrence for the entire population was 10.1 (1-192) months with 90 and 97% of all recurrences within 2 and 5 years of RC, respectively. According to stage, pTxN+ tumours were more likely to recur than p ≥ T3N0 tumours and p ≤ T2N0 tumours (5-yr RFS 25% vs. 44% vs. 66% respectively, P < 0.001). Similarly, pTxN+ tumours had a shorter median time to recurrence (9 months, range 1-72 months) than p ≥ T3N0 tumours (10 months, range 1-70 months) or p ≤ T2N0 tumours (14 months, range 1-192 months, P < 0.001). Differences in recurrence patterns after RC suggest the need for varied follow-up protocols for each group. We propose a stage-based protocol for surveillance of patients with BC treated with RC that captures most recurrences while limiting over-investigation. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  13. X Marks the Spot: Creating and Managing a Single Service Point to Improve Customer Service and Maximize Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venner, Mary Ann; Keshmiripour, Seti

    2016-01-01

    This article will describe how merging service points in an academic library is an opportunity to improve customer service and utilize staffing resources more efficiently. Combining service points provides libraries with the ability to create a more positive library experience for patrons by minimizing the ping-pong effect for assistance. The…

  14. Tricky Circuitry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Tony

    2014-01-01

    Teaching children about circuits and the way electricity works is a "tricky business" because it is invisible. Just imagine all eyes are on the teacher as he or she produces for the class what looks like a ping-pong ball and then, with a wave of their hand, the incredible happens! This wonderful white sphere begins to glow red and a…

  15. The Stair-Step Atom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Thomas M.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presents a model of a generic atom that is used to represent the movement of electrons from lower to higher levels and vice-versa due to excitation and de-excitation of the atom. As the process of de-excitation takes place, photons represented by colored ping-pong balls are emitted, indicating the emission of light. (MDH)

  16. The "Collisions Cube" Molecular Dynamics Simulator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nash, John J.; Smith, Paul E.

    1995-01-01

    Describes a molecular dynamics simulator that employs ping-pong balls as the atoms or molecules and is suitable for either large lecture halls or small classrooms. Discusses its use in illustrating many of the fundamental concepts related to molecular motion and dynamics and providing a three-dimensional perspective of molecular motion. (JRH)

  17. Filling in the Gaps: Modelling Incomplete CBL Data Using a Graphing Calculator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swingle, David A.; Pachnowski, Lynne M.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses a real-world problem-solving lesson that emerged when a high school math teacher used a motion detector with a CBL and graphing calculator to obtain the bounce data of a ping-pong ball. Describes the lesson in which students collect bad data then fill in the missing parabolas that result using critical components of parabolas and…

  18. How to Act? a Question of Encapsulating Infinity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mamolo, Ami

    2014-01-01

    This article investigates some of the specific features involved in accommodating the idea of actual infinity as it appears in set theory. It focuses on the conceptions of two individuals with sophisticated mathematics background, as manifested in their engagement with variations of a well-known paradox: the ping-pong ball conundrum. The APOS…

  19. The Effect of Recreational Activities on Self-Esteem Development of Girls in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bayazit, Betül

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of recreational activities on self-esteem development of girls in adolescence. For this purpose, a total of 20 girls in adolescence period took part in the present study. Recreational activities program included bowling, patenga, orienteering, basketball, volleyball, badminton, ping-pong, dance, fun…

  20. Action-Specific Effects in a Social Context: Others' Abilities Influence Perceived Speed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witt, Jessica K.; Sugovic, Mila; Taylor, J. Eric T.

    2012-01-01

    According to the action-specific account of perception, perceivers see the environment relative to their ability to perform the intended action. For example, in a modified version of the computer game Pong, balls that were easier to block looked to be moving slower than balls that were more difficult to block (Witt & Sugovic, 2010). It is unknown,…

  1. Does Ease to Block a Ball Affect Perceived Ball Speed? Examination of Alternative Hypotheses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witt, Jessica K.; Sugovic, Mila

    2012-01-01

    According to an action-specific account of perception, the perceived speed of a ball can be a function of the ease to block the ball. Balls that are easier to stop look like they are moving slower than balls that are more difficult to stop. This was recently demonstrated with a modified version of the classic computer game Pong (Witt & Sugovic,…

  2. Tricky Circuitry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Tony

    2014-01-01

    Teaching children about circuits and the way electricity works is a "tricky business" because it is invisible. Just imagine all eyes are on the teacher as he or she produces for the class what looks like a ping-pong ball and then, with a wave of their hand, the incredible happens! This wonderful white sphere begins to glow red and a…

  3. Ikons for Mathematics, Part I. Problem Solving and Strategy Games.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melrose, Jean; Rowe, Susan

    1989-01-01

    Described are some designs in the playground of an infant school, and indicated are some mathematical activities that resulted from their use. Games included are Schlegel diagram of Dodecahedron, Pong Hau K'i, Ko No, Achi, Draughts, and Star with their diagrams. (YP)

  4. The Analog Atomic Force Microscope: Measuring, Modeling, and Graphing for Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goss, Valerie; Brandt, Sharon; Lieberman, Marya

    2013-01-01

    using an analog atomic force microscope (A-AFM) made from a cardboard box and mailing tubes. Varying numbers of ping pong balls inside the tubes mimic atoms on a surface. Students use a dowel to make macroscale measurements similar to those of a nanoscale AFM tip as it…

  5. These Kids Are Really on the Ball! Invention Competition Winners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tech Directions, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Judge Harry T. Roman, an electrical engineer and inventor himself, has selected the best entries in the 2007-2008 "Tech Directions" Inventors Award Competition. This year's challenge called for students to devise new uses for the common Ping-Pong ball. Of the results, the judge notes "The ideas submitted were most interesting, with a high number…

  6. Academic Value of Non-Academics: The Case for Keeping Extracurriculars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kronholz, June

    2012-01-01

    With school districts struggling to keep their noses above choppy budget waters and voters howling about taxes, should schools be funding Ping-Pong and trading-card clubs? Swim teams, moot court, powder puff football? Latino unions, gay-straight alliances, the Future Business Leaders of America, the French Honors Society, the jazz band, the…

  7. Filling in the Gaps: Modelling Incomplete CBL Data Using a Graphing Calculator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swingle, David A.; Pachnowski, Lynne M.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses a real-world problem-solving lesson that emerged when a high school math teacher used a motion detector with a CBL and graphing calculator to obtain the bounce data of a ping-pong ball. Describes the lesson in which students collect bad data then fill in the missing parabolas that result using critical components of parabolas and…

  8. RNA helicase Spn-E is required to maintain Aub and AGO3 protein levels for piRNA silencing in the germline of Drosophila.

    PubMed

    Ryazansky, Sergei S; Kotov, Alexei A; Kibanov, Mikhail V; Akulenko, Natalia V; Korbut, Alina P; Lavrov, Sergei A; Gvozdev, Vladimir A; Olenina, Ludmila V

    2016-09-01

    Germline-specific RNA helicase Spindle-E (Spn-E) is known to be essential for piRNA silencing in Drosophila that takes place mainly in the perinuclear nuage granules. Loss-of-function spn-E mutations lead to tandem Stellate genes derepression in the testes and retrotransposon mobilization in the ovaries. However, Spn-E functions in the piRNA pathway are still obscure. Analysis of total library of short RNAs from the testes of spn-E heterozygous flies revealed the presence of abundant piRNA ping-pong pairs originating from Su(Ste) transcripts. The abundance of these ping-pong pairs were sharply reduced in the library from the testes of spn-E mutants. Thus we found that ping-pong mechanism contributed to Su(Ste) piRNA generation in the testes. The lack of Spn-E caused a significant drop of protein levels of key ping-pong participants, Aubergine (Aub) and AGO3 proteins of PIWI subfamily, in the germline of both males and females, but did not disrupt of their assembly in nuage granules. We found that observed decline of the protein expression was not caused by suppression of aub and ago3 transcription as well as total transcription, indicating possible contribution of Spn-E to post-transcriptional regulation.

  9. Kick Stick Hands-on Challenge: Discover Circuits with PBS's "Design Squad Nation"[TM

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinberg, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the "Kick Stick" activity from Design Squad Nation, in which kids turn a wooden paint stirrer and circuit into a motorized, spinning arm--then use it to kick a Ping-Pong[R] ball across the floor. Teachers can enrich their students' exploration of circuits and emphasize the engineering design process with "Design Squad…

  10. "Speak Out. Act Up. Move Forward." Disobedience-Based Arts Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotin, Alison; Aguirre McGregor, Stella; Pellecchia, DeAnna; Schatz, Ingrid; Liu, Shaw Pong

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, Alison Kotin, Stella Aguirre McGregor, DeAnna Pellecchia, Ingrid Schatz, and Shaw Pong Liu reflect on their experiences working with public high school students to create "Speak Out. Act Up. Move Forward.," a performative response to current and historical acts of civil disobedience. The authors--a group of instructors…

  11. Recoil Experiments Using a Compressed Air Cannon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Brett

    2006-01-01

    Ping-Pong vacuum cannons, potato guns, and compressed air cannons are popular and dramatic demonstrations for lecture and lab. Students enjoy them for the spectacle, but they can also be used effectively to teach physics. Recently we have used a student-built compressed air cannon as a laboratory activity to investigate impulse, conservation of…

  12. The Effect of Recreational Activities on Self-Esteem Development of Girls in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bayazit, Betül

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of recreational activities on self-esteem development of girls in adolescence. For this purpose, a total of 20 girls in adolescence period took part in the present study. Recreational activities program included bowling, patenga, orienteering, basketball, volleyball, badminton, ping-pong, dance, fun…

  13. Academic Value of Non-Academics: The Case for Keeping Extracurriculars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kronholz, June

    2012-01-01

    With school districts struggling to keep their noses above choppy budget waters and voters howling about taxes, should schools be funding Ping-Pong and trading-card clubs? Swim teams, moot court, powder puff football? Latino unions, gay-straight alliances, the Future Business Leaders of America, the French Honors Society, the jazz band, the…

  14. These Kids Are Really on the Ball! Invention Competition Winners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tech Directions, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Judge Harry T. Roman, an electrical engineer and inventor himself, has selected the best entries in the 2007-2008 "Tech Directions" Inventors Award Competition. This year's challenge called for students to devise new uses for the common Ping-Pong ball. Of the results, the judge notes "The ideas submitted were most interesting, with a high number…

  15. Revival of non-surgical management of neonatal depressed skull fractures.

    PubMed

    Pollak, L; Raziel, A; Ariely, S; Schiffer, J

    1999-02-01

    The management of depressed skull fractures in the newborn infant can be controversial. We report on a neonate, born by Caesarean section with difficult head extraction, complicated by a parietal depressed fracture. This 'ping-pong' fracture was treated by elevation with an obstetrical vacuum extractor. No complications occurred. The possible treatment modalities for neonatal depressed fractures, being conservative or operative, will be discussed.

  16. Kick Stick Hands-on Challenge: Discover Circuits with PBS's "Design Squad Nation"[TM

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinberg, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the "Kick Stick" activity from Design Squad Nation, in which kids turn a wooden paint stirrer and circuit into a motorized, spinning arm--then use it to kick a Ping-Pong[R] ball across the floor. Teachers can enrich their students' exploration of circuits and emphasize the engineering design process with "Design Squad…

  17. Sequence and properties of pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase from Enterobacter cloacae PB2.

    PubMed

    French, C E; Nicklin, S; Bruce, N C

    1996-11-01

    Pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase, which reductively liberates nitrite from nitrate esters, is related to old yellow enzyme. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase follows a ping-pong mechanism with competitive substrate inhibition by NADPH, is strongly inhibited by steroids, and is capable of reducing the unsaturated bond of 2-cyclohexen-1-one.

  18. Sequence and properties of pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase from Enterobacter cloacae PB2.

    PubMed Central

    French, C E; Nicklin, S; Bruce, N C

    1996-01-01

    Pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase, which reductively liberates nitrite from nitrate esters, is related to old yellow enzyme. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase follows a ping-pong mechanism with competitive substrate inhibition by NADPH, is strongly inhibited by steroids, and is capable of reducing the unsaturated bond of 2-cyclohexen-1-one. PMID:8932320

  19. Ikons for Mathematics, Part I. Problem Solving and Strategy Games.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melrose, Jean; Rowe, Susan

    1989-01-01

    Described are some designs in the playground of an infant school, and indicated are some mathematical activities that resulted from their use. Games included are Schlegel diagram of Dodecahedron, Pong Hau K'i, Ko No, Achi, Draughts, and Star with their diagrams. (YP)

  20. Classroom Games in the Compulsory School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraus-Serbic, Eva

    1976-01-01

    Keeping the pupils' interest up throughout the year in a compulsory language class is a major problem and therefore, language-teaching games are very important. Some new suggestions for games to be used in the elementary school are: (1) The Parrot; (2) The Robot; (3) Ping-Pong; and (4) Telephone. Card games such as Happy Families can be played…

  1. Contribution of Race, Primary Language, Family Structure and Pre-Kindergarten Attendance to the Odds of Being Classified as Having a Specific Learning Disability by the Third Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roring, Catherine Mary

    2013-01-01

    Many risk factors have been identified for children entering Kindergarten. Many at-risk children eventually get classified as having a Specific Learning disability. Some of these risk factors include having a primary home language other than English (Hosp & Reschly, 2004), having non-intact families (Pong, 1997), being of minority status…

  2. The Analog Atomic Force Microscope: Measuring, Modeling, and Graphing for Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goss, Valerie; Brandt, Sharon; Lieberman, Marya

    2013-01-01

    using an analog atomic force microscope (A-AFM) made from a cardboard box and mailing tubes. Varying numbers of ping pong balls inside the tubes mimic atoms on a surface. Students use a dowel to make macroscale measurements similar to those of a nanoscale AFM tip as it…

  3. X Marks the Spot: Creating and Managing a Single Service Point to Improve Customer Service and Maximize Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venner, Mary Ann; Keshmiripour, Seti

    2016-01-01

    This article will describe how merging service points in an academic library is an opportunity to improve customer service and utilize staffing resources more efficiently. Combining service points provides libraries with the ability to create a more positive library experience for patrons by minimizing the ping-pong effect for assistance. The…

  4. Games People Play

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VerBruggen, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Today's video games aren't even a little bit like the ones that came out a few decades ago. Not only has the underlying technology dramatically improved, but the medium has matured remarkably in the years since "Pong" and "Space Invaders." ruled the arcades. The artistic promise of video games has yet to be fulfilled. The current state of the…

  5. Games People Play

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VerBruggen, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Today's video games aren't even a little bit like the ones that came out a few decades ago. Not only has the underlying technology dramatically improved, but the medium has matured remarkably in the years since "Pong" and "Space Invaders." ruled the arcades. The artistic promise of video games has yet to be fulfilled. The current state of the…

  6. Apparatus Notes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Bruce G., Ed.

    1980-01-01

    This collection of notes describes (1) an optoelectronic apparatus for classroom demonstrations of mechanical laws, (2) a more efficient method for demonstrated nuclear chain reactions using electrically energized "traps" and ping-pong balls, and (3) an inexpensive demonstration for qualitative analysis of temperature-dependent resistance. (CS)

  7. March Math Madness: The Mathematics of the NCAA Basketball Tournament

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colgan, Mark D.

    2006-01-01

    This article explores the mathematics involved in the NCAA basketball tournament including data analysis, basic probability, expected value, and the multiplication principle. A fun activity is presented that applies these concepts and involves students shooting Ping-Pong balls to discover a best strategy. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)

  8. The Stair-Step Atom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Thomas M.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presents a model of a generic atom that is used to represent the movement of electrons from lower to higher levels and vice-versa due to excitation and de-excitation of the atom. As the process of de-excitation takes place, photons represented by colored ping-pong balls are emitted, indicating the emission of light. (MDH)

  9. Assessing Uncertainties in a Simple and Cheap Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Souza, Paulo A., Jr.; Brasil, Gutemberg Hespanha

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes how to calculate measurement uncertainties using as a practical example the assessment of the thickness of ping-pong balls and their material density. The advantages of a randomized experiment are also discussed. This experiment can be reproduced in the physics laboratory for undergraduate students. (Contains 7 tables, 1…

  10. Recoil Experiments Using a Compressed Air Cannon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Brett

    2006-01-01

    Ping-Pong vacuum cannons, potato guns, and compressed air cannons are popular and dramatic demonstrations for lecture and lab. Students enjoy them for the spectacle, but they can also be used effectively to teach physics. Recently we have used a student-built compressed air cannon as a laboratory activity to investigate impulse, conservation of…

  11. Assessing Uncertainties in a Simple and Cheap Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Souza, Paulo A., Jr.; Brasil, Gutemberg Hespanha

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes how to calculate measurement uncertainties using as a practical example the assessment of the thickness of ping-pong balls and their material density. The advantages of a randomized experiment are also discussed. This experiment can be reproduced in the physics laboratory for undergraduate students. (Contains 7 tables, 1…

  12. "Speak Out. Act Up. Move Forward." Disobedience-Based Arts Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotin, Alison; Aguirre McGregor, Stella; Pellecchia, DeAnna; Schatz, Ingrid; Liu, Shaw Pong

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, Alison Kotin, Stella Aguirre McGregor, DeAnna Pellecchia, Ingrid Schatz, and Shaw Pong Liu reflect on their experiences working with public high school students to create "Speak Out. Act Up. Move Forward.," a performative response to current and historical acts of civil disobedience. The authors--a group of instructors…

  13. Relevance of ovarian signaling for the early behavioral transition from estrus to pregnancy in the female rabbit.

    PubMed

    Hoffman, K L; González-Mariscal, G

    2007-11-01

    During estrus, the female domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) displays scent marking behavior (chinning), which is immediately inhibited after mating, temporarily recovers, and then declines and remains inhibited across pregnancy. Chinning is inhibited by progesterone (P) and the activation of the progesterone receptor (PR), but it is unlikely that P participates in the "acute" (immediate) or "early" inhibition of chinning (24 to 96 h post-mating, before plasma P levels rise). Since PR is activated in a ligand-independent manner by a variety of signaling molecules, some of which (e.g., GnRH) are also associated with reflexive ovulation in this species, we hypothesized that neurochemical/neuroendocrine signals associated with mating activate PR, resulting in the inhibition of chinning. In Experiment 1, we tested whether the PR antagonist, RU486 (20 mg, injected s.c. at -1 h, or at -7 h and +3 h relative to mating) prevented the post-mating inhibition of chinning in intact females. RU486 did not prevent the post-mating decline in chinning, indicating that PR activation associated with mating is not necessary for this effect. In Experiment 2, we used ovariectomized (OVX), estradiol benzoate (EB)-treated females to test the hypothesis that ovarian signaling is necessary for the post-mating inhibition of chinning. The acute inhibition of chinning occurred in OVX females, but the early inhibition was absent. We conclude that ovarian signaling is necessary for the early, but not acute, post-mating inhibition of chinning. The PR seems not to participate in either of these phases.

  14. Integral inversion to Fraunhofer diffraction for particle sizing.

    PubMed

    Cao, Zhang; Xu, Lijun; Ding, Jie

    2009-09-01

    A new solution to the inversion of Fraunhofer diffraction for particle sizing was introduced. Compared with the well-known Chin-Shifrin inversion, it is an inversion of the form of integral transform and less sensitive to noise. Simulation results with noise-contaminated data were obtained and showed that the new inversion is better than the Chin-Shifrin inversion. Especially when the particle diameter was small, the new inversion still performed well, whereas the Chin-Shifrin inversion did not converge.

  15. Fracture, Longevity (Fatigue), Dynamics, and Aeroelasticity of Composite Structures.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-01

    lengths of time) Karen Archard Ya-Pei Chang Carroll Dodson Keith Ashelin David Chin Chris Dunmire John Brewer John Chisholm Eric Fujii Jim Butler... David , and Chin, David A., "Nonlinear Stress-Strain Behavior in Graphite/Epoxy Laminates", TELAC Report 82-7, May, 1982. 14. Chang, Ya-Pei A., and...34, May, 1982. TELAC-82-7a Chin, David A., "Nonlinear Stress-Strain Behav- ior in Graphite/Epoxy Laminates", May, 1982. 137 TELAC-82-7b Trop, David

  16. BASIC CONCEPTS TO BE RECKONED IN A PROPER HISTORY OF ALCHEMY

    PubMed Central

    Mahdihassan, S.

    1986-01-01

    Use of simple synthetic drug called Chin – Yeh, Gold – plus – plant juice or red colloidal gold. Gold made body everlasting and the herbal principle, as soul, increased life-span. Dialectally it was called Kim – Iya. Arabicized as Al – Kimiya it finally appeared as Alchemy. Chin – Yeh as drug was only brick – red when mercury, and sulphur – with traces of gold were sublimated there resulted Chin – Tan, Gold – plus – cinnabar. It was blood – red and with redness as soul it became the ideal drug of longevity. PMID:22557523

  17. 21 CFR 878.3500 - Polytetrafluoroethylene with carbon fibers composite implant material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES... material intended to be implanted during surgery of the chin, jaw, nose, or bones or tissue near the eye...

  18. 21 CFR 878.3500 - Polytetrafluoroethylene with carbon fibers composite implant material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES... material intended to be implanted during surgery of the chin, jaw, nose, or bones or tissue near the eye...

  19. 21 CFR 878.3500 - Polytetrafluoroethylene with carbon fibers composite implant material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES... material intended to be implanted during surgery of the chin, jaw, nose, or bones or tissue near the eye...

  20. Tonometry

    MedlinePlus

    ... records eye pressure. The last method is the noncontact method (air puff). In this method, your chin ... you should not have any pain. In the noncontact method, you may feel mild pressure on your ...

  1. Rosacea (image)

    MedlinePlus

    Rosacea is a condition where the area of the cheeks, nose, chin, forehead, or eyelids become inflamed. ... vessels, swelling, or skin eruptions similar to acne. Rosacea occurs most often in fair skinned people, particularly ...

  2. Potter syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... Widely separated eyes with epicanthal folds , broad nasal bridge , low set ears , and receding chin Absence of ... Names Potter phenotype Images Amniotic fluid Broad nasal bridge References Copelovitch L, Kaplan BS. Developmental abnormalities of ...

  3. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, September 15, 1936 GATE IN FRONT OF 201 GOVERNMENT STREET - 201 Government Street (Iron Gate), Moved to Spring Hill Avenue & Riviere du Chin Road, Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  4. 21 CFR 878.3500 - Polytetrafluoroethylene with carbon fibers composite implant material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES... material intended to be implanted during surgery of the chin, jaw, nose, or bones or tissue near the eye or...

  5. Genetics Home Reference: congenital contractural arachnodactyly

    MedlinePlus

    ... 1):39-48. Citation on PubMed Gupta PA, Wallis DD, Chin TO, Northrup H, Tran-Fadulu VT, ... PubMed Central Reviewed : July 2013 Published : October 10, 2017 The resources on this site should not be ...

  6. Genetics Home Reference: congenital generalized lipodystrophy

    MedlinePlus

    ... a large chin, prominent bones above the eyes ( orbital ridges ), large hands and feet, and a prominent ... E, Assan R, Baudic N, Bourut C, Czernichow P, Huet F, Grigorescu F, de Kerdanet M, Lacombe ...

  7. 21 CFR 878.3500 - Polytetrafluoroethylene with carbon fibers composite implant material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES... material intended to be implanted during surgery of the chin, jaw, nose, or bones or tissue near the eye or...

  8. Congenital Heart Information Network

    MedlinePlus

    ... Baemayr for The Congenital Heart Information Network Exempt organization under Section 501(c)3. Copyright ©1996 - 2016 C.H.I.N. All rights reserved TX4-390-685 Original site design and HTML by Panoptic Communications

  9. Interfacial and Thin Film Chemistry in Electron Device Fabrication

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-20

    264 (1990). M. T. Schmidt, Q. Y. Ma, L. S. Weinman, X. Wu, E. S. Yang, and Chin-An Chang, " Chesmistry and Resistance at Metal Contacts to YBa2Cu3O 7...Schmidt, Q. Y. Ma, L. S. Weinman, X. Wu, E. S. Yang, and Chin-An Chang, " Chesmistry and Resistance at Metal Contacts to YBa2Cu307 High Tc

  10. Scent marking by the male domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is stimulated by an object's novelty and its specific visual or tactile characteristics.

    PubMed

    Hoffman, Kurt L; Hernández Decasa, D M; Beyer Ruiz, M E; González-Mariscal, Gabriela

    2010-03-05

    "Chinning" is a stereotyped scent marking behavior of domestic rabbits, in which the animal rubs the underside of its chin against objects in order to deposit scent gland secretions. Although the long-term maintenance of chinning requires circulating gonadal steroids, little is known about the acute regulation of this behavior. To define specific environmental stimuli that engage the chinning motor pattern, male rabbits were placed into an open field arena containing markable objects ("standard" bricks, "tall" bricks, or polished onyx spheres), observed for 30 min, returned to the home cage for 5 min, and then placed in the open field arena for another 30 min. During the 5 min interim: (1) the location of the open field or the spatial orientation of the objects within it were changed, (2) the olfactory or (3) visual characteristics of the objects were changed; or (4) no changes were made. Chinning and ambulation habituated to each type of object across the first 30 min, and bricks elicited more chinning than polished onyx spheres. In the second 30 min test, chinning was re-stimulated only when the original objects were replaced by visually different ones that had preferred characteristics. Ambulatory behavior was increased by changing the location of the open field arena, while modifying the olfactory characteristics of the objects had no effect on chinning or ambulation. These results indicate that scent marking is stimulated by object novelty and by the visual and/or tactile characteristics of the objects being marked. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Mandible prognathism saved a life: a case report.

    PubMed

    Mahmood Hashemi, Hamid; Asgarian, Asadollah

    2010-10-01

    An unusual case of a suicidal firearm injury is presented, in which the victim placed the gun under his chin and fired. However, none of the vital structures of the head and face were injured because the victim's chin was considerably anterior to other facial structures as a result of a class III facial deformity. This resulted in the trajectory of the bullet being anterior to vital facial structures and not causing injury to those structures.

  12. Remarks on a model for outbursts in luminous blue variables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glatzel, W.; Kiriakidis, M.

    1998-03-01

    The stability of massive stars is re-examined with respect to an adiabatic dynamical instability discovered by Stothers & Chin. An adiabatic stability analysis is performed, its validity for the objects being considered is discussed, and the relation between the mean adiabatic index and adiabatic stability is commented on. As the results of Stothers & Chin could not be confirmed, we suspect that luminous blue variable instability is due to nonadiabatic effects.

  13. Dynamic Opposition of Clustered Proteins Stabilizes Cortical Polarity in the C. elegans Zygote.

    PubMed

    Sailer, Anne; Anneken, Alexander; Li, Younan; Lee, Sam; Munro, Edwin

    2015-10-12

    Dynamic maintenance of cell polarity is essential for development and physiology. Here we combine experiments and modeling to elucidate mechanisms that maintain cortical polarity in the C. elegans zygote. We show that polarity is dynamically stabilized by two coupled cross-inhibitory feedback loops: one involves the oligomeric scaffold PAR-3 and the kinase PAR-1, and the other involves CDC-42 and its putative GAP CHIN-1. PAR-3 and CDC-42 are both required locally to recruit PAR-6/PKC-3, which inhibits PAR-1 (shown previously) and inhibits local growth/accumulation of CHIN-1 clusters. Conversely, PAR-1 inhibits local accumulation of PAR-3 oligomers, while CHIN-1 inhibits CDC-42 (shown previously), such that either PAR-1 or CHIN-1 can prevent recruitment of PAR-6/PKC-3, but loss of both causes complete loss of polarity. Ultrasensitive dependence of CHIN-1 cluster growth on PAR-6/PKC-3 endows this core circuit with bistable dynamics, while transport of CHIN-1 clusters by cortical flow can stabilize the AP boundary against diffusive spread of PAR-6/PKC-3. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Multiagent cooperation and competition with deep reinforcement learning.

    PubMed

    Tampuu, Ardi; Matiisen, Tambet; Kodelja, Dorian; Kuzovkin, Ilya; Korjus, Kristjan; Aru, Juhan; Aru, Jaan; Vicente, Raul

    2017-01-01

    Evolution of cooperation and competition can appear when multiple adaptive agents share a biological, social, or technological niche. In the present work we study how cooperation and competition emerge between autonomous agents that learn by reinforcement while using only their raw visual input as the state representation. In particular, we extend the Deep Q-Learning framework to multiagent environments to investigate the interaction between two learning agents in the well-known video game Pong. By manipulating the classical rewarding scheme of Pong we show how competitive and collaborative behaviors emerge. We also describe the progression from competitive to collaborative behavior when the incentive to cooperate is increased. Finally we show how learning by playing against another adaptive agent, instead of against a hard-wired algorithm, results in more robust strategies. The present work shows that Deep Q-Networks can become a useful tool for studying decentralized learning of multiagent systems coping with high-dimensional environments.

  15. Multiagent cooperation and competition with deep reinforcement learning

    PubMed Central

    Kodelja, Dorian; Kuzovkin, Ilya; Korjus, Kristjan; Aru, Juhan; Aru, Jaan; Vicente, Raul

    2017-01-01

    Evolution of cooperation and competition can appear when multiple adaptive agents share a biological, social, or technological niche. In the present work we study how cooperation and competition emerge between autonomous agents that learn by reinforcement while using only their raw visual input as the state representation. In particular, we extend the Deep Q-Learning framework to multiagent environments to investigate the interaction between two learning agents in the well-known video game Pong. By manipulating the classical rewarding scheme of Pong we show how competitive and collaborative behaviors emerge. We also describe the progression from competitive to collaborative behavior when the incentive to cooperate is increased. Finally we show how learning by playing against another adaptive agent, instead of against a hard-wired algorithm, results in more robust strategies. The present work shows that Deep Q-Networks can become a useful tool for studying decentralized learning of multiagent systems coping with high-dimensional environments. PMID:28380078

  16. MVH in piRNA processing and gene silencing of retrotransposons.

    PubMed

    Kuramochi-Miyagawa, Satomi; Watanabe, Toshiaki; Gotoh, Kengo; Takamatsu, Kana; Chuma, Shinichiro; Kojima-Kita, Kanako; Shiromoto, Yusuke; Asada, Noriko; Toyoda, Atsushi; Fujiyama, Asao; Totoki, Yasushi; Shibata, Tatsuhiro; Kimura, Tohru; Nakatsuji, Norio; Noce, Toshiaki; Sasaki, Hiroyuki; Nakano, Toru

    2010-05-01

    VASA is an evolutionarily conserved RNA helicase essential for germ cell development. The mouse PIWI family proteins MILI and MIWI2 are involved in production of Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) in fetal male germ cells through a ping-pong amplification cycle. Expression of retrotransposons is elevated in MILI- and MIWI2-deficient male germ cells due to defective de novo DNA methylation, which is presumably caused by impaired piRNA expression. Here, we report that essentially the same abnormalities are observed in MVH (mouse VASA homolog)-deficient mice. Comprehensive analysis of piRNAs in MVH-deficient fetal male germ cells showed that MVH plays crucial roles in the early phase of the ping-pong amplification cycle.

  17. Correctness and completeness of the theory of bio-energy transport. Reply to the comments on “The theory of bio-energy transport in the protein molecules and its properties”

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pang, Xiao Feng

    2011-10-01

    Commentaries by Philip W.T. Pong, Nongyue He, S.D. Liang, Tao Song, Yuri Gaididei and Sergey Volkov and Alexander Y. Grosberg on my review article (Pang, 2011 [1]) are answered. The validity of Davydov's mechanism of bio-energy transport, the completeness of theory, outstanding problems, the normalization and validity of wave function of the system in Pang' model as well as other related problems are elucidated in detail.

  18. Patents for Soldiers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-10

    traversed the front of a tank. The tank, with the cutter attached, plowed through the hedgerows, thus enhancing mobility throughout Bocage country... declared innovation as the “hallmark of the United States[.]”89 It is “our big comparative 88 Ibid...stoned sophomore”125 could play the game. Pong featured a single instruction: “Avoid missing the ball for a high score .”126 Isaacson did not merely

  19. Final design proposal: Delta Group-Nood Rider 821(tm)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pastega, C. B.; Vahey, B. P.; Hoffman, K. W.; Doherty, M. C.; Fay, M. J.; Konesky, A. L.; Lilly, D. C.; Moody, D. J.

    1991-01-01

    The Nood Rider 821 (trademark) twin-engine, prop passenger aircraft is described. It is argued that the aircraft is very economical to operate and maintain, offering competitive advantages in the air travel marketplace. The aircraft was designed to operate in 'Aeroworld', a fictional world where the passengers are ping pong balls and the distances between cites are on the order of thousands of feet.

  20. Full-color 3D display using binary phase modulation and speckle reduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matoba, Osamu; Masuda, Kazunobu; Harada, Syo; Nitta, Kouichi

    2016-06-01

    One of the 3D display systems for full-color reconstruction by using binary phase modulation is presented. The improvement of reconstructed objects is achieved by optimizing the binary phase modulation and accumulating the speckle patterns by changing the random phase distributions. The binary phase pattern is optimized by the modified Frenel ping-pong algorithm. Numerical and experimental demonstrations of full color reconstruction are presented.

  1. jsc2016e181832

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2016-11-10

    At her Cosmonaut Hotel crew quarters in Baikonur, Kazakhstan, Expedition 50-51 crewmember Peggy Whitson of NASA tries her hand at a game of ping-pong Nov. 10 as part of her preflight activities. Whitson, Thomas Pesquet of the European Space Agency (left) and Oleg Novitskiy of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) will launch Nov. 18, Baikonur time, on the Soyuz MS-03 spacecraft for a six-month mission on the International Space Station. NASA/Alexander Vysotsky

  2. The ball SITE sign: Ball sports-induced targetoid erythema in a racquetball player

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Philip R.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Cutaneous injury following impact of a high velocity ball to the skin may result in either erythema or purpura or both. The lesion typically appears as an annular ring of erythema with or without accompanying ecchymosis when the skin is contacted by a paintball, a ping pong ball, a racquetball or a squash ball. Purpose: To describe a girl with targetoid erythema following impact of a racquetball on her flank and back and to review other sports associated with this response to skin injury. Methods: PubMed was used to search the following terms, separately and in combination: ball, erythema, paint, ping pong, purpura, racquetball, sign, site, sports, squash, targetoid. All papers were reviewed and relevant manuscripts, along with their reference citations, were evaluated. Results: A 13-year-old girl developed an annular red ring surrounding a central area of normal appearing skin on her right flank and upper back where a racquetball traveling at a high velocity contacted her skin. Similar appearing lesions of targetoid erythema have been described at the cutaneous impact sites of either paintballs, ping pong balls, squash balls; in addition to erythema, purpura may also concurrently appear or subsequently develop at the contact location of the ball with the skin. Conclusions: Targetoid erythema is a pathognomonic cutaneous presentation resulting from the impact of either a paintball, ping pong ball, racquetball or squash ball—that is traveling at a high velocity—with a sport participant’s skin. The ball SITE (sports-induced targetoid erythema) sign is suggested as a unifying nomenclature to designate this unique, ball sport-associated, cutaneous dermatosis in athletes participating in sports in which high velocity impact of the ball with the skin may occur. PMID:26336625

  3. Improvements in Routing for Packet-Switched Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-02-18

    the routing table at X is then updated by a simple averaging process. 2.3.6 Negative Reinfafccrnent Negative reinforcement is a class of techniques...is to reduce the "ping-pong" effect. 2.3.7 Bi-adaptive Bi-adaptivc is still a further synthesis of backwards learning and negative reinforcement , where...table en- tries can only be increased by negative reinforcement and decreased by backward learning. 2 .-.8 Superposition Superposition is

  4. Single-Photon Secure Quantum Dialogue Protocol Without Information Leakage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Nan-Run; Hua, Tian-Xiang; Wu, Gui-Tong; He, Chao-Sheng; Zhang, Ye

    2014-11-01

    Combining the idea of ping-pong protocol with Controlled-NOT operation, we propose a secure quantum dialogue protocol based on single-photonss. Bob obtains the information of the encrypted quantum state by performing Controlled-NOT operation on the auxiliary particle and the encrypted single-photonss. Unlike the previous quantum dialogue protocols based on single-photonss, the proposed protocol not only overcomes information leakage but also possesses an acceptable efficiency.

  5. The China Factor in America’s Foreign Relations: Perceptions and Policy Choices,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-05-01

    cooperation, also had a powerful impact on worldwide perceptions of international relations: the "Nixon shock" effect on the Japanese ; the consternation of...terraced fields, and an exotic cuisine . There are, as well, dark images of China derived from the country’s millennial poverty, periods of political...pong diplomacy," the artistic wonders of China’s imperial past, and opportunities for trade and tourism with a talented and hard-working people

  6. Multi-Laboratory Evaluation of a Scrub Typhus Diagnostic Kit

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    cases was later shown Eng, Loo Yon Pong, Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Jo- to be inadequate pH verification of the DAB hore Bahru, Johore; Lau Kong Wah...year field trial in their respective clinical hospital labo- ratories throughout Malaysia. In an evaluation using 1, 722 consecutive sera tested in...gional hospitals which lack sophisticated labo- Single acute or convalescent sera were collect- ratory facilities. Thus, they must be managed ed from

  7. Spin-Orbit Interaction of a Photon in AN Inhomogeneous Medium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liberman, V. S.; Zel'Dovich, B. Ya.

    The following sections are included: * Introduction * Transverse Shift of the Circularly Polarized Beam (CPB) due to Refraction * Differential Equations for a Trajectory and Polarization of the Ray. Hamilton's Form of the Equations * Optical Magnus Effect in a Graded-Index Waveguide * Optical Ping-Pong Effect in a Step-Like Index Waveguide * Paraxial Approximation for Maxwell's Equations * Spin-Orbit Corrections to the Paraxial Approximation: Hermitian Interaction Hamiltonian * The Wave Description of the Optical Magnus Effect * Conclusion * Acknowledgement * References

  8. The Rolling Release Rulapult

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    West, Joseph; Ross, Seth; Flesher, James

    2011-09-01

    The "rulapult" is a low-cost, easy-to-construct, ruler-based catapult for use in the classroom. It is made from durable, inexpensive items that are easy to store. Most of the components can be found with a visit to one or two local stores. A set of 12 complete rulapults can be constructed for less than 150, including the one-time cost of the only tool needed for construction, a single handheld one-hole paper punch. The unit price per rulapult approaches 10.25 as the number of rulapults constructed becomes "large." A rulapult can be constructed by a single middle school student in less than five minutes. Ping-Pong® balls or marshmallows are suggested for use as projectiles as they pose a minimal safety hazard. The range of a typical rulapult when firing a Ping-Pong ball is approximately 4.0 m, just right for classroom or hallway testing. The smaller (1-cm size) marshmallows have a range of about 5.0 m, but due to their "squishy" nature, the range is less consistent from shot to shot. For the rest of the discussion, it is presumed that the projectile is a Ping-Pong ball (the ball). The ball can easily knock over a large Styrofoam™ cup, but despite its impressive range and "knock-down power," the rulers used are "limp" enough that a direct hit to your hand by the ruler will not cause noticeable pain or injury.

  9. Purification and characterization of morphinone reductase from Pseudomonas putida M10.

    PubMed

    French, C E; Bruce, N C

    1994-07-01

    The NADH-dependent morphinone reductase from Pseudomonas putida M10 catalyses the reduction of morphinone and codeinone to hydromorphone and hydrocodone respectively. Morphinone reductase was purified from crude cell extracts to apparent homogeneity in a single affinity-chromatography step using Mimetic Yellow 2. The purified enzyme was a dimeric flavoprotein with two identical subunits of M(r) 41,100, binding non-covalently one molecule of FMN per subunit. The N-terminal sequence was PDTSFSNPGLFTPLQ. Morphinone reductase was active against morphinone, codeinone, neopinone and 2-cyclohexen-1-one, but not against morphine, codeine or isocodeine. The apparent Km values for codeinone and 2-cyclohexen-1-one were 0.26 mM and 5.5 mM respectively. The steroids progesterone and cortisone were potent competitive inhibitors; the apparent K1 for cortisone was 35 microM. The pH optimum for codeinone reduction was 8.0 in phosphate buffer. No reverse reaction could be detected, and NADPH could not be used as a reducing substrate in place of NADH. Morphinone reductase activity was strongly inhibited by 0.01 mM CuSO4 and p-hydroxymercuribenzoate, suggesting the presence of a vital thiol group. Steady-state kinetic studies suggested a Ping Pong (substituted enzyme) kinetic mechanism; however, product-inhibition patterns were inconsistent with a classical Ping Pong mechanism. Morphinone reductase may, like several other flavoprotein dehydrogenases, operate by a hybrid two-site Ping Pong mechanism.

  10. RNF17 blocks promiscuous activity of PIWI proteins in mouse testes

    PubMed Central

    Wasik, Kaja A.; Tam, Oliver H.; Knott, Simon R.; Falciatori, Ilaria; Hammell, Molly; Vagin, Vasily V.; Hannon, Gregory J.

    2015-01-01

    PIWI proteins and their associated piRNAs protect germ cells from the activity of mobile genetic elements. Two classes of piRNAs—primary and secondary—are defined by their mechanisms of biogenesis. Primary piRNAs are processed directly from transcripts of piRNA cluster loci, whereas secondary piRNAs are generated in an adaptive amplification loop, termed the ping-pong cycle. In mammals, piRNA populations are dynamic, shifting as male germ cells develop. Embryonic piRNAs consist of both primary and secondary species and are mainly directed toward transposons. In meiotic cells, the piRNA population is transposon-poor and largely restricted to primary piRNAs derived from pachytene piRNA clusters. The transition from the embryonic to the adult piRNA pathway is not well understood. Here we show that RNF17 shapes adult meiotic piRNA content by suppressing the production of secondary piRNAs. In the absence of RNF17, ping-pong occurs inappropriately in meiotic cells. Ping-pong initiates piRNA responses against not only transposons but also protein-coding genes and long noncoding RNAs, including genes essential for germ cell development. Thus, the sterility of Rnf17 mutants may be a manifestation of a small RNA-based autoimmune reaction. PMID:26115953

  11. The Drosophila HP1 homolog Rhino is required for transposon silencing and piRNA production by dual-strand clusters.

    PubMed

    Klattenhoff, Carla; Xi, Hualin; Li, Chengjian; Lee, Soohyun; Xu, Jia; Khurana, Jaspreet S; Zhang, Fan; Schultz, Nadine; Koppetsch, Birgit S; Nowosielska, Anetta; Seitz, Herve; Zamore, Phillip D; Weng, Zhiping; Theurkauf, William E

    2009-09-18

    Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) silence transposons and maintain genome integrity during germline development. In Drosophila, transposon-rich heterochromatic clusters encode piRNAs either on both genomic strands (dual-strand clusters) or predominantly one genomic strand (uni-strand clusters). Primary piRNAs derived from these clusters are proposed to drive a ping-pong amplification cycle catalyzed by proteins that localize to the perinuclear nuage. We show that the HP1 homolog Rhino is required for nuage organization, transposon silencing, and ping-pong amplification of piRNAs. rhi mutations virtually eliminate piRNAs from the dual-strand clusters and block production of putative precursor RNAs from both strands of the major 42AB dual-strand cluster, but not of transcripts or piRNAs from the uni-strand clusters. Furthermore, Rhino protein associates with the 42AB dual-strand cluster,but does not bind to uni-strand cluster 2 or flamenco. Rhino thus appears to promote transcription of dual-strand clusters, leading to production of piRNAs that drive the ping-pong amplification cycle.

  12. shutdown is a component of the Drosophila piRNA biogenesis machinery

    PubMed Central

    Preall, Jonathan B.; Czech, Benjamin; Guzzardo, Paloma M.; Muerdter, Felix; Hannon, Gregory J.

    2012-01-01

    In animals, the piRNA pathway preserves the integrity of gametic genomes, guarding them against the activity of mobile genetic elements. This innate immune mechanism relies on distinct genomic loci, termed piRNA clusters, to provide a molecular definition of transposons, enabling their discrimination from genes. piRNA clusters give rise to long, single-stranded precursors, which are processed into primary piRNAs through an unknown mechanism. These can engage in an adaptive amplification loop, the ping-pong cycle, to optimize the content of small RNA populations via the generation of secondary piRNAs. Many proteins have been ascribed functions in either primary biogenesis or the ping-pong cycle, though for the most part the molecular functions of proteins implicated in these pathways remain obscure. Here, we link shutdown (shu), a gene previously shown to be required for fertility in Drosophila, to the piRNA pathway. Analysis of knockdown phenotypes in both the germline and somatic compartments of the ovary demonstrate important roles for shutdown in both primary biogenesis and the ping-pong cycle. shutdown is a member of the FKBP family of immunophilins. Shu contains domains implicated in peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase activity and in the binding of HSP90-family chaperones, though the relevance of these domains to piRNA biogenesis is unknown. PMID:22753781

  13. The Drosophila HP1 homologue Rhino is required for transposon silencing and piRNA production by dual strand clusters

    PubMed Central

    Klattenhoff, Carla; Xi, Hualin; Li, Chengjian; Lee, Soohyun; Xu, Jia; Khurana, Jaspreet S.; Zhang, Fan; Schultz, Nadine; Koppetsch, Birgit S.; Nowosielska, Anetta; Seitz, Herve; Zamore, Phillip D.; Weng, Zhiping; Theurkauf, William E.

    2009-01-01

    Summary piRNAs silence transposons and maintain genome integrity during germ-line development. In Drosophila, transposon-rich heterochromatic clusters encode piRNAs either on both genomic strands (dual-strand clusters) or predominantly one genomic strand (uni-strand clusters). Primary piRNAs derived from these clusters are proposed to drive a ping-pong amplification cycle catalyzed by proteins that localize to the perinuclear nuage. We show that the HP1 homologue Rhino is required for nuage organization, transposon silencing, and ping-pong amplification of piRNAs. rhi mutations virtually eliminate piRNAs from the dual-strand clusters and block production of putative precursor RNAs from both strands of the major 42AB dual-strand cluster, but do not block production of transcripts or piRNAs from the uni-strand clusters. Furthermore, Rhino protein associates with the 42AB dual-strand cluster, but does not bind to uni-strand cluster 2 or flamenco. Rhino thus appears to promote transcription of dual-strand clusters, leading to production of piRNAs that drive the ping-pong amplification cycle. PMID:19732946

  14. The attractive lip: A photomorphometric analysis.

    PubMed

    Penna, V; Fricke, A; Iblher, N; Eisenhardt, S U; Stark, G B

    2015-07-01

    Throughout literature, there are different parameters defining the ideal shape of the lip and lower third of the face. This study was conducted to clarify what it is that makes lips attractive - and whether there are gender-related differences of an attractive lip and lower third of the face. Pictures of the lip and chin region of 176 patients were photographed in a standardised way and evaluated by 250 voluntary judges through an internet presentation by means of an analogue Likert scaling system. We found a significant higher ratio of upper vermillion height/mouth-nose distance in frontal-view images of attractive compared to unattractive female (p < 0.001) and male (p < 0.05) perioral regions. Furthermore, the ratio of upper vermillion height/chin-nose distance was significantly higher in attractive than in unattractive female (p < 0.005) and male (p < 0.05) lip and chin regions. The nasolabial angle was significantly sharper in attractive compared to unattractive female perioral regions (p < 0.001). Moreover, attractive female lip and chin regions showed a wider mentolabial angle compared to unattractive female lip and chin regions (p < 0.05). Comparing men and women, we found that attractive female perioral regions showed a higher ratio of lower vermillion height/chin-mouth distance (p < 0.05) and lower vermillion height/chin-nose distance than attractive male perioral regions (p < 0.05). We were able to define certain parameters of the lip and lower third of the face that seem to add to the attractivity of female and male individuals and prove that there are gender-related differences in form and shape of an attractive lower third of the face. Copyright © 2015 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Effect of maintaining neck flexion on anti-saccade reaction time: an investigation using transcranial magnetic stimulation to the frontal oculomotor field.

    PubMed

    Kunita, Kenji; Fujiwara, Katsuo

    2013-11-13

    Reaction time for anti-saccade, in which the gaze is directed to the position opposite to an illuminated target, shortens during maintenance of neck flexion. The present study applied transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to the frontal oculomotor field, and investigated the effect of maintaining neck flexion on information processing time in the anti-saccade neural pathway before the frontal oculomotor field. The reaction time was measured with the chin resting on a stand ('chin-on' condition) and with voluntary maintenance of neck flexion ('chin-off' condition) at 80% maximal neck flexion angle, with and without TMS. The TMS timing producing the longest prolongation of the reaction time was first roughly identified for 10 ms intervals from 0 to 180 ms after the target presentation. Thereafter, TMS timing was set finely at 2 ms intervals from -20 to +20 ms of the 10 ms step that produced the longest prolongation. The reaction time without TMS was significantly shorter (21.9 ms) for the chin-off (235.9 ± 14.9 ms) than for the chin-on (257.5 ± 17.1 ms) condition. Furthermore, TMS timing producing maximal prolongation of the reaction time was significantly earlier (18.6 ms) for the chin-off than the chin-on condition. The ratio of the forward shift in TMS timing relative to the reduction in reaction time was 87.8%. We confirmed that information processing time in the anti-saccade neural pathway before the frontal oculomotor field shortened while neck flexion was maintained, and that this reduction time accounted for approximately 88% of the shortening of reaction time.

  16. The need for mentoplasty following rhinoplasty.

    PubMed

    Ozkurt, F E; Akdag, M; Yorgancilar, E; Baylan, M Yildirim

    2014-01-01

    Rhinoplasty is the most common facial plastic surgery procedure. The appearance of the face must be considered as a whole to achieve the best results, but assessment of the chin is often overlooked. The aim of this paper was to determine the need for mentoplasty after rhinoplasty. Adobe Photoshop CS6 (Adobe Systems, San Jose, CA) was used to analyze 200 consecutive rhinoplasty patients, 170 of whom were included in this study. We used Silver and Agarwal's method for assessment of the chin. A total of 170 profile photographs were analyzed. Of these patients, 58.2% (n = 99) had normal chins, 40% (n = 68) had small chins (microgenia), and 1.8% (n = 3) had over-projection. There were no statistically significant differences between men and women. Chin projection is an important component of facial euphony. Approximately half of the rhinoplasty patients we assessed would also benefit from mentoplasty. Surgeons that perform rhinoplasty should discuss mentoplasty with their patients to achieve the best results.

  17. Scent marking, dominance and serum testosterone levels in male domestic rabbits.

    PubMed

    Arteaga, Lourdes; Bautista, Amando; Martínez-Gómez, Margarita; Nicolás, Leticia; Hudson, Robyn

    2008-06-09

    The European rabbit, both in its wild and domesticated forms, has been a pioneer species in the study of mammalian chemical communication, and illustrates well the difficulty of understanding the functional significance of these often complex signals. Here we investigate the performance of one of the rabbit's most conspicuous chemical signaling behaviors, chin marking (chinning), and the hypothesis that this expresses social dominance. In tests of 21 chinchilla-strain sexually mature males we predicted 1) that animals would show marked and stable individual differences in the frequency of chinning, 2) that these differences would correlate with behaviors associated with dominance such as intrasexual mounting, and 3) that individual differences in the frequency of chinning and dominance-related behaviors would correlate with individual differences in a commonly used physiological indicator of dominance, concentration of serum testosterone. Supporting these predictions and consistent with previous reports, animals showed large and stable individual differences in the frequency of chinning which correlated with the behavioral indicators of dominance and less strongly, with serum testosterone. As our animals had been kept in single cages and without direct contact with other males since weaning, these findings raise the question as to how and when during development such differences among individuals arise. We are currently investigating the possible relation between pups' intrauterine position, postnatal competition among littermates for milk and thermally advantageous positions in the litter huddle, and later differences in indicators of dominance such as those reported here.

  18. Osseous genioplasty in conjunction with bimaxillary orthognathic surgery: a review of 262 consecutive cases.

    PubMed

    Posnick, J C; Choi, E; Chang, R P

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of osseous genioplasty with bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. A retrospective consecutive case series of patients treated by a single surgeon between 2004 and 2013 was studied. All underwent Le Fort I, sagittal ramus osteotomies, septoplasty, inferior turbinate reduction, and osseous genioplasty. The outcome variables included the presenting chin dysmorphology, complications, and assessment of morphologic change. A Steiner analysis was completed for each subject's interval cephalogram. Two hundred sixty-two subjects met the inclusion criteria. Their mean age at operation was 25 (range 13-63) years. Chin osteotomy complications included one wound infection (0.4%), and two of the 1572 mandibular anterior teeth at risk sustained a pulpal injury. None of the subjects required revision. For subjects undergoing chin advancement, the mean change was +3.5 (range +3 to +6) mm. A majority also underwent counterclockwise rotation of the mandible (62%). For those undergoing chin lengthening, the mean change was +5 (range +3 to +12mm) mm, and for those undergoing vertical shortening, the mean change was -3.5 (range -3 to -7) mm. Osseous genioplasty is confirmed to be a safe method to reshape the chin. When osseous genioplasty is performed in conjunction with bimaxillary orthognathic surgery, only a modest horizontal change is required to achieve the preferred pogonion projection. Copyright © 2016 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Study of Aerosol/Cloud/Radiation Interactions over the ARM SGP Site

    SciTech Connect

    Chuang, C; Chin, S

    2006-03-14

    While considerable advances in the understanding of atmospheric processes and feedbacks in the climate system have led to a better representation of these mechanisms in general circulation models (GCMs), the greatest uncertainty in predictability of future climate arises from clouds and their interactions with radiation. To explore this uncertainty, cloud resolving model has been evolved as one of the main tools for understanding and testing cloud feedback processes in climate models, whereas the indirect effects of aerosols are closely linked with cloud feedback processes. In this study we incorporated an existing parameterization of cloud drop concentration (Chuang et al., 2002a) together with aerosol prediction from a global chemistry/aerosol model (IMPACT) (Rotman et al., 2004; Chuang et al., 2002b; Chuang et al., 2005) into LLNL cloud resolving model (Chin, 1994; Chin et al., 1995; Chin and Wilhelmson, 1998) to investigate the effects of aerosols on cloud/precipitation properties and the resulting radiation fields over the Southern Great Plains.

  20. Factor structure of the multidimensional orientation toward dying and death inventory among Hong Kong college students: a preliminary study.

    PubMed

    Wittkowski, Joachim; Ho, Samuel M Y; Chan, Wallace C H

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the factor structures of the Chinese version of the Multidimensional Orientation Toward Dying and Death Inventory (MODDI-F/ chin), originally established in German language, in a sample of Hong Kong college students (n = 256). Both confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis were performed to examine the factor structures of the MODDI-F/ chin. The results showed that, identical to the German version, the MODDI-F/chin consisted of a 5-factor Fear domain and a 3-factor Acceptance domain. The fear of another person's dying was the weakest of the four factors in the Hong Kong sample but represented the first and strongest factor in the German sample of the original study. Although preliminary and not representative of mainland China, our results show that the factor structure of attitudes toward dying and death that had been established empirically with German people can be replicated with Chinese students of Hong Kong.

  1. Bone remodeling to correct maxillary deficiency after growth cessation

    PubMed Central

    Showkatbakhsh, Rahman; Ghassemi, Alireza; Gerressen, Marcus; Ghassemi, Mehrangiz; Jamilian, Abdolreza; Mohammad, Shadab; Pal, Uma S.

    2012-01-01

    This case report presents a 22-year-old girl with class III malocclusion due to maxillary deficiency. The patient was referred for presurgical orthodontics; however, she rejected the surgery. This case was treated by means of Tongue appliance and slow palatal expansion, followed by lower fixed appliance, reverse chin cup, and upper fixed appliance. Tongue appliance and slow palatal expansion were used at the beginning of the treatment. After 6 months, reverse chin cup and lower fixed appliance were added. Six months later reverse chin cup was removed and upper fixed appliance was mounted. Positive overbite and over jet were achieved after 24 months of active treatment. Nasolabial angle also showed improvement. Nonsurgical treatment of adult class III patients is a difficult procedure; however, this patient was treated nonsurgically. PMID:23833499

  2. Common Errors in Digital Panoramic Radiographs of Patients with Mixed Dentition and Patients with Permanent Dentition

    PubMed Central

    Peretz, Benjamin; Gotler, Maya; Kaffe, Israel

    2012-01-01

    Purpose. To compare errors in digital panoramic radiographs of permanent and mixed dentitions. Methods. 143 and 146 digital radiographs of mixed and permanent dentitions were examined. Results. Significantly fewer errors presented in the mixed dentition. Positioning too forward significantly prevalent in the mixed dentition; slumped position and nonpositioning of chin properly were significantly prevailed in the permanent dentition. Blurred or shortened upper incisors were significantly more prevalent in the mixed dentition. Diagnostic ability could be improved by manipulating the brightness or contrast in nearly 45% of all radiographs. In the mixed dentition, tilting the chin down and a slumped position made the lower incisors significantly nondiagnostic. In the permanent dentition, tilting the chin down made the lower incisors to be significantly nondiagnostic. Conclusions. More errors were prevalent in panoramic radiographs of permanent dentitions. Properly positioning the patient is the most important factor in preventing a cascade of errors. PMID:22505905

  3. KSC-04PD-1423

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Workers in the Orbiter Processing Facility prepare the Reinforced Carbon-Carbon (RCC) chin panel to install on Discovery. The chin panel is the smile-shaped section of RCC directly below the nose cap that provides a thermal barrier during re-entry. The nose cap, with chin panel, was removed from the vehicle in the summer of 2003 and returned to the vendor, where it underwent numerous forms of Non-Destructive Evaluation. These tests included X-ray, ultrasound and eddy current to ensure its structural integrity prior to reinstallation. Discovery is designated as the Return to Flight vehicle for mission STS-114, no earlier than March 2005.

  4. KSC-04PD-1424

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Workers in the Orbiter Processing Facility lift the Reinforced Carbon-Carbon (RCC) chin panel to install on Discovery. The chin panel is the smile-shaped section of RCC directly below the nose cap that provides a thermal barrier during re-entry. The nose cap, with chin panel, was removed from the vehicle in the summer of 2003 and returned to the vendor, where it underwent numerous forms of Non-Destructive Evaluation. These tests included X-ray, ultrasound and eddy current to ensure its structural integrity prior to reinstallation. Discovery is designated as the Return to Flight vehicle for mission STS-114, no earlier than March 2005.

  5. KSC-04PD-1425

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Workers in the Orbiter Processing Facility lift the Reinforced Carbon-Carbon (RCC) chin panel into place on Discovery. The chin panel is the smile-shaped section of RCC directly below the nose cap that provides a thermal barrier during re-entry. The nose cap, with chin panel, was removed from the vehicle in the summer of 2003 and returned to the vendor, where it underwent numerous forms of Non-Destructive Evaluation. These tests included X-ray, ultrasound and eddy current to ensure its structural integrity prior to reinstallation. Discovery is designated as the Return to Flight vehicle for mission STS-114, no earlier than March 2005.

  6. KSC-04PD-1426

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Workers in the Orbiter Processing Facility check the placement of the Reinforced Carbon-Carbon (RCC) chin panel on Discovery. . The chin panel is the smile- shaped section of RCC directly below the nose cap that provides a thermal barrier during re-entry. The nose cap, with chin panel, was removed from the vehicle in the summer of 2003 and returned to the vendor, where it underwent numerous forms of Non- Destructive Evaluation. These tests included X-ray, ultrasound and eddy current to ensure its structural integrity prior to reinstallation. Discovery is designated as the Return to Flight vehicle for mission STS-114, no earlier than March 2005.

  7. KSC-04PD-1427

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Workers in the Orbiter Processing Facility check the placement of the Reinforced Carbon-Carbon chin panel on Discovery. The chin panel is the smile-shaped section of RCC directly below the nose cap that provides a thermal barrier during re-entry. The nose cap, with chin panel, was removed from the vehicle in the summer of 2003 and returned to the vendor, where it underwent numerous forms of Non-Destructive Evaluation. These tests included X-ray, ultrasound and eddy current to ensure its structural integrity prior to reinstallation. Discovery is designated as the Return to Flight vehicle for mission STS-114, no earlier than March 2005.

  8. [Removal of the sagging of the tissues in the submental area].

    PubMed

    Ezrokhin, V M

    1995-01-01

    Twenty out of 100 patients operated on to remove skin excess on the face and neck had slackening tissue under the chin. Based on published data and their findings, the authors developed operations to remove slackening tissue under the chin and carried out such operations in 64 patients. Isolated lipectomy failed to bring about good results in cases when there were indications for removal of skin excess on the face neck (10 patients). Simultaneous removal of skin excess on the face and lipectomy helped attain good results in 50 patients. The operation is possible in patients with a low position of the sublingual bone, although the results are not so good. Lipectomy in the area under the chin is recommended as a method supplementing operation for removal of skin excess on the face and neck.

  9. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Assessment of Lower Facial Asymmetry in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate and Non-Cleft Patients with Class III Skeletal Relationship

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Yifan; Chen, Gui; Fu, Zhen; Ma, Lian; Li, Weiran

    2015-01-01

    Introduction To evaluate, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), both the condylar-fossa relationships and the mandibular and condylar asymmetries between unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients and non-cleft patients with class III skeletal relationship, and to investigate the factors of asymmetry contributing to chin deviation. Methods The UCLP and non-cleft groups consisted of 30 and 40 subjects, respectively, in mixed dentition with class III skeletal relationships. Condylar-fossa relationships and the dimensional and positional asymmetries of the condyles and mandibles were examined using CBCT. Intra-group differences were compared between two sides in both groups using a paired t-test. Furthermore, correlations between each measurement and chin deviation were assessed. Results It was observed that 90% of UCLP and 67.5% of non-cleft subjects had both condyles centered, and no significant asymmetry was found. The axial angle and the condylar center distances to the midsagittal plane were significantly greater on the cleft side than on the non-cleft side (P=0.001 and P=0.028, respectively) and were positively correlated with chin deviation in the UCLP group. Except for a larger gonial angle on the cleft side, the two groups presented with consistent asymmetries showing shorter mandibular bodies and total mandibular lengths on the cleft (deviated) side. The average chin deviation was 1.63 mm to the cleft side, and the average absolute chin deviation was significantly greater in the UCLP group than in the non-cleft group (P=0.037). Conclusion Compared with non-cleft subjects with similar class III skeletal relationships, the subjects with UCLP showed more severe lower facial asymmetry. The subjects with UCLP presented with more asymmetrical positions and rotations of the condyles on axial slices, which were positively correlated with chin deviation. PMID:26237311

  10. Regulation of the Prostate Cancer Tumor Microenvironment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    Science 317(5834), 124-127 (2007). 7. Naugler, W.E., Sakurai, T., Kim , S., Maeda, S., Kim , K., Elsharkawy, A.M., Karin, M. Gender disparity in liver...Elizabeth M. Peek ,1 Wang Song,2 Hanwei Zhang,3 Jiaoti Huang,4 and Arnold I. Chin1,3,5,6* 1Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California...M. Peek and Wang Song made an equal contribution to this manuscript. The authors have nothing to disclose. Correspondence to: Arnold I. Chin, MD

  11. Uncovering the CH-53E Doppler Myth

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    shift, of the transmitted energy as it returns to the receiver. Similar to the "radar guns " used by police officers to 9 r Figure 3. TRNS, PSN, HVR HNVS...aircraft is in an unwanted roll that can manifest in to dangerous lateral drifting. A visual scan through the lower " chin bubble" allows the pilots to...instrument and gages coupled with the copilot’s and aircrew’s verbal "calls" completes the teamwork needed to maneuver and land the aircraft safely. Chin

  12. Prolene mesh mentoplasty.

    PubMed

    Ilhan, A Emre; Kayabasoglu, Gurkan; Kazikdas, K Cagdas; Goksel, Abdulkadir

    2011-04-01

    Augmentation mentoplasty is a cosmetic surgical procedure to correct chin retrusion or microgenia which usually requires placement of an alloplastic material over the pogonion, and which results in increased chin projection and a more aesthetically balanced facial profile. Polypropylene mesh is easy to purchase, widely available in a general hospital and most commonly used by general surgeons. In this series of 192 patients, we wanted to demonstrate our simple mentoplasty technique using prolene mesh that can easily be combined with a rhinoplasty procedure, with possible causes of infection and the rationale for using prolene mesh in such procedures.

  13. Efficient quantum secret sharing scheme with two-particle entangled states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Zhen-Chao; Zhang, Yu-Qing; Fu, An-Min

    2011-04-01

    This paper proposes a protocol for multi-party quantum secret sharing utilizing four non-orthogonal two-particle entangled states following some ideas in the schemes proposed by Liu et al. (2006 Chin. Phys. Lett. 23 3148) and Zhang et al. (2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 2149) respectively. The theoretical efficiency for qubits of the new protocol is improved from 50% to approaching 100%. All the entangled states can be used for generating the private key except those used for the eavesdropping check. The validity of a probable attack called opaque cheat attack to this kind of protocols is considered in the paper for the first time.

  14. KSC-04PD-1428

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Workers in the Orbiter Processing Facility complete the installation of the Reinforced Carbon- Carbon panel on Discovery. The chin panel is the smile-shaped section of RCC directly below the nose cap that provides a thermal barrier during re-entry. The nose cap, with chin panel, was removed from the vehicle in the summer of 2003 and returned to the vendor, where it underwent numerous forms of Non- Destructive Evaluation. These tests included X-ray, ultrasound and eddy current to ensure its structural integrity prior to reinstallation. Discovery is designated as the Return to Flight vehicle for mission STS-114, no earlier than March 2005.

  15. Experimental Data in Support of a Direct Displacement Mechanism for Type I/II l-Asparaginases*

    PubMed Central

    Schalk, Amanda M.; Antansijevic, Aleksandar; Caffrey, Michael; Lavie, Arnon

    2016-01-01

    Bacterial l-asparaginases play an important role in the treatment of certain types of blood cancers. We are exploring the guinea pig l-asparaginase (gpASNase1) as a potential replacement of the immunogenic bacterial enzymes. The exact mechanism used by l-asparaginases to catalyze the hydrolysis of asparagine into aspartic acid and ammonia has been recently put into question. Earlier experimental data suggested that the reaction proceeds via a covalent intermediate using a ping-pong mechanism, whereas recent computational work advocates the direct displacement of the amine by an activated water. To shed light on this controversy, we generated gpASNase1 mutants of conserved active site residues (T19A, T116A, T19A/T116A, K188M, and Y308F) suspected to play a role in hydrolysis. Using x-ray crystallography, we determined the crystal structures of the T19A, T116A, and K188M mutants soaked in asparagine. We also characterized their steady-state kinetic properties and analyzed the conversion of asparagine to aspartate using NMR. Our structures reveal bound asparagine in the active site that has unambiguously not formed a covalent intermediate. Kinetic and NMR assays detect significant residual activity for all of the mutants. Furthermore, no burst of ammonia production was observed that would indicate covalent intermediate formation and the presence of a ping-pong mechanism. Hence, despite using a variety of techniques, we were unable to obtain experimental evidence that would support the formation of a covalent intermediate. Consequently, our observations support a direct displacement rather than a ping-pong mechanism for l-asparaginases. PMID:26733195

  16. Target size matters: target errors contribute to the generalization of implicit visuomotor learning.

    PubMed

    Reichenthal, Maayan; Avraham, Guy; Karniel, Amir; Shmuelof, Lior

    2016-08-01

    The process of sensorimotor adaptation is considered to be driven by errors. While sensory prediction errors, defined as the difference between the planned and the actual movement of the cursor, drive implicit learning processes, target errors (e.g., the distance of the cursor from the target) are thought to drive explicit learning mechanisms. This distinction was mainly studied in the context of arm reaching tasks where the position and the size of the target were constant. We hypothesize that in a dynamic reaching environment, where subjects have to hit moving targets and the targets' dynamic characteristics affect task success, implicit processes will benefit from target errors as well. We examine the effect of target errors on learning of an unnoticed perturbation during unconstrained reaching movements. Subjects played a Pong game, in which they had to hit a moving ball by moving a paddle controlled by their hand. During the game, the movement of the paddle was gradually rotated with respect to the hand, reaching a final rotation of 25°. Subjects were assigned to one of two groups: The high-target error group played the Pong with a small ball, and the low-target error group played with a big ball. Before and after the Pong game, subjects performed open-loop reaching movements toward static targets with no visual feedback. While both groups adapted to the rotation, the postrotation reaching movements were directionally biased only in the small-ball group. This result provides evidence that implicit adaptation is sensitive to target errors. Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society.

  17. Experimental Data in Support of a Direct Displacement Mechanism for Type I/II L-Asparaginases.

    PubMed

    Schalk, Amanda M; Antansijevic, Aleksandar; Caffrey, Michael; Lavie, Arnon

    2016-03-04

    Bacterial L-asparaginases play an important role in the treatment of certain types of blood cancers. We are exploring the guinea pig L-asparaginase (gpASNase1) as a potential replacement of the immunogenic bacterial enzymes. The exact mechanism used by L-asparaginases to catalyze the hydrolysis of asparagine into aspartic acid and ammonia has been recently put into question. Earlier experimental data suggested that the reaction proceeds via a covalent intermediate using a ping-pong mechanism, whereas recent computational work advocates the direct displacement of the amine by an activated water. To shed light on this controversy, we generated gpASNase1 mutants of conserved active site residues (T19A, T116A, T19A/T116A, K188M, and Y308F) suspected to play a role in hydrolysis. Using x-ray crystallography, we determined the crystal structures of the T19A, T116A, and K188M mutants soaked in asparagine. We also characterized their steady-state kinetic properties and analyzed the conversion of asparagine to aspartate using NMR. Our structures reveal bound asparagine in the active site that has unambiguously not formed a covalent intermediate. Kinetic and NMR assays detect significant residual activity for all of the mutants. Furthermore, no burst of ammonia production was observed that would indicate covalent intermediate formation and the presence of a ping-pong mechanism. Hence, despite using a variety of techniques, we were unable to obtain experimental evidence that would support the formation of a covalent intermediate. Consequently, our observations support a direct displacement rather than a ping-pong mechanism for l-asparaginases.

  18. Target size matters: target errors contribute to the generalization of implicit visuomotor learning

    PubMed Central

    Reichenthal, Maayan; Avraham, Guy; Karniel, Amir

    2016-01-01

    The process of sensorimotor adaptation is considered to be driven by errors. While sensory prediction errors, defined as the difference between the planned and the actual movement of the cursor, drive implicit learning processes, target errors (e.g., the distance of the cursor from the target) are thought to drive explicit learning mechanisms. This distinction was mainly studied in the context of arm reaching tasks where the position and the size of the target were constant. We hypothesize that in a dynamic reaching environment, where subjects have to hit moving targets and the targets' dynamic characteristics affect task success, implicit processes will benefit from target errors as well. We examine the effect of target errors on learning of an unnoticed perturbation during unconstrained reaching movements. Subjects played a Pong game, in which they had to hit a moving ball by moving a paddle controlled by their hand. During the game, the movement of the paddle was gradually rotated with respect to the hand, reaching a final rotation of 25°. Subjects were assigned to one of two groups: The high-target error group played the Pong with a small ball, and the low-target error group played with a big ball. Before and after the Pong game, subjects performed open-loop reaching movements toward static targets with no visual feedback. While both groups adapted to the rotation, the postrotation reaching movements were directionally biased only in the small-ball group. This result provides evidence that implicit adaptation is sensitive to target errors. PMID:27121580

  19. Success for ``Physics on Stage'' Festival in Geneva

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Madsen, C.; West, R.

    2000-12-01

    Can you imagine how much physics is in a simple match of ping-pong, in throwing a boomerang, or in a musical concert? Physics is all around us and governs our lives. But who is going to maintain these technologies and develop new ones in the future? Recent surveys show a frightening decline of interest in physics and technology among E u r o p e 's citizens, especially school children. Fewer and fewer young people enrol in physics courses at Europe's universities while scepticism towards science and technology is spreading and causing great concern among governments and educators.

  20. Intersystem Crossing Mechanisms and Single Molecule Fluorescence: Terrylene in Anthracene Crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Kol'chenko, M.A.; Nicolet, A.; Orrit, M.; Kozankiewicz, B.

    2005-05-15

    Single molecule spectroscopy requires molecules with low triplet yields and/or short triplet lifetimes. The intersystem crossing (ISC) rate may be dramatically enhanced by the host matrix. Comparing the fluorescence intensity of single terrylene molecules in para-terphenyl, naphthalene, and anthracene crystals, we found a reduction of the saturation intensity by three orders of magnitude in the latter case. The fluorescence autocorrelation function indicates that the bottleneck state is the terrylene triplet. We propose a ping-pong mechanism between host and guest. This intermolecular ISC mechanism, which can open whenever the host triplet lies lower than the guest singlet, was overlooked in previous single molecule investigations.

  1. Role of MicroRNA in Aggressive Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-01

    SUBTITLE Role of microRNA in aggressive prostate cancer 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER W81XWH-11-1-0491 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER... cancer lesion, we applied ISH on formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue . We first confirmed the specificity of miR363 probe using benign...with prostate cancer development. REPORTABLE OUTCOMES Lo, U., Pong, R.C., Tseng, S.F., Hsieh, J.T. (2013) MicroRNA -363 regulated by a novel

  2. Current-potential response and concentration profiles of redox polymer-mediated enzyme catalysis in biofuel cells - Estimation of Michaelis-Menten constants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saravanakumar, K.; Rajendran, L.; Sangaranarayanan, M. V.

    2015-02-01

    The current-potential response of the enzyme-catalyzed, redox polymer mediated kinetic scheme pertaining to biofuel cells is analyzed. The ping-pong reaction scheme is solved analytically using the homotopy method for estimating the current density. The validity of the approach is demonstrated using the known experimental data for a series of osmium based redox polymers, involving oxygen as the substrate with laccase being the enzyme for biocathode fuel cell reactions. The significance of the results has been demonstrated by suggesting two new graphical procedures for estimating the Michaelis-Menten constants and catalytic rate constants from the experimental current densities.

  3. Economic evaluation techniques for the environment

    SciTech Connect

    Dixon, J.A.; Hufschmidt, M.M.

    1986-01-01

    This book discusses the methods of evaluating seven case studies. Three chapters are introductory discussing a hypothetical case. The following seven chapters discuss respectively: Economic Evaluation of Tongonan Geothermal Power Plant Project in Leyte, Philippines; Evaluation of Losses of Marine Product Resources Caused by Coastal Development of Tokyo, Bay; Evaluation of Lumpinee Public Park in Bangkok, Thailand; The Pam Pong Water Resources Project in Thailand; Selected Policy Options for the Fuelwood Production and Use in the Philippines; and Systematic Analysis of Water Pollution Control Options in a Suburban Region of Beijing, China.

  4. jsc2014e026895

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-03-19

    19-12-04-43: At their Cosmonaut Hotel crew quarters in Baikonur, Kazakhstan, Expedition 39/40 Flight Engineer Steve Swanson of NASA (right) and Flight Engineer Oleg Artemyev of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos; left) play a game of Ping-Pong March 19 as they prepare for their launch to the International Space Station with their crewmate, Alexander Skvortsov of Roscosmos, on March 26, Kazakh time, in the Soyuz TMA-12M spacecraft for a six-month mission. NASA/Victor Zelentsov

  5. W. W. "Mo" Cleland: a catalytic life.

    PubMed

    Dunaway-Mariano, Debra; Holden, Hazel M; Raushel, Frank M

    2013-12-23

    Professor W. Wallace Cleland, the architect of modern steady-state enzyme kinetics, died on March 6, 2013, from injuries sustained in a fall outside of his home. He will be most remembered for giving the enzyme community Ping-Pong kinetics and the invention of dithiothreitol (DTT). He pioneered the utilization of heavy atom isotope effects for the elucidation of the chemical mechanisms of enzyme-catalyzed reactions. His favorite research journal was Biochemistry, in which he published more than 135 papers beginning in 1964 with the disclosure of DTT.

  6. Adaptive strategy for multi-user robotic rehabilitation games.

    PubMed

    Caurin, Glauco A P; Siqueira, Adriano A G; Andrade, Kleber O; Joaquim, Ricardo C; Krebs, Hermano I

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss a strategy for the adaptation of the "difficulty level" in games intended to include motor planning during robotic rehabilitation. We consider concurrently the motivation of the user and his/her performance in a Pong game. User motivation is classified in three levels (not motivated, well motivated and overloaded). User performance is measured as a combination of knowledge of results--achieved goals and score points in the game--and knowledge of performance--joint displacement, speed, aiming, user work, etc. Initial results of a pilot test with unimpaired healthy young volunteers are also presented showing a tendency for individualization of the parameter values.

  7. Numerical study of two classes of cellular automaton models for traffic flow on a two-lane roadway

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moussa, N.; Daoudia, A. K.

    2003-02-01

    In this paper, we present computer simulation results of traffic flow on a two-lane roadway with different types of vehicles, cars and trucks for example. We consider two classes of two-lane traffic cellular automaton models, namely the well known Nagel-Schreckenberg model and an extension of the Fukui-Ishibashi model. These two models, which differ in their acceleration limits, show an important differences in their fundamental diagrams, lane-changing and ping-pong behaviors. Moreover, we investigate the importance of braking noise and the proportion of trucks on the traffic flow of a two-lane roadway.

  8. Proportional Increase Multiplicative Decrease (PIMD) Wireless Scheduler: An Efficient Scheduler for IEEE 802.11e HCF

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hussain, Arshad; Qaiser, Shaban

    In this paper, we propose a new wireless scheduling algorithm for the IEEE 802.11e HCF. The algorithm grants the mobile stations variable time for the upstream data flow in proportion to the queue size of the transmission buffer. At the same time, it retrieves half of the extra time allocated in previous cycle from those flows whose requirement has stopped. Hence, the system achieves stability by preventing the ping-pong phenomena. The algorithm is computationally simple, and as compared to the other algorithms, it gives bounded delays and jitter to the real-time applications under heavy load conditions.

  9. Effect of chain length of alcohol on the lipase-catalyzed esterification of propionic acid in supercritical carbon dioxide.

    PubMed

    Varma, Mahesh N; Madras, Giridhar

    2010-04-01

    The esterification of propionic acid was investigated using three different alcohols, namely, isopropyl alcohol, isobutyl alcohol, and isoamyl alcohol. The variation of conversion with time for the synthesis of isoamyl propionate was investigated in the presence of five enzymes. Novozym 435 showed the highest activity, and this was used as the enzyme for investigating the various parameters that influence the esterification reaction. The Ping-Pong Bi-Bi model with inhibition by both acid and alcohol was used to model the experimental data and determine the kinetics of the esterification reaction.

  10. A sporting chance to fight haze

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    Sometimes sports can open up the way for politicians to take action. Several decades ago, ping-pong diplomacy helped to ease tensions between China and the United States. Now, it appears that the upcoming Southeast Asia Games (SEA Games) also may be wielding some influence in policy making.Environment ministers from countries in the region and officials from the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), hoping to keep the skies clear during the sporting competition in Brunei in August, on July 6 announced a plan to try to prevent forest fires and avert the dangerous levels of smog and haze that enveloped the region 2 years ago.

  11. Final design proposal: Beta Systems-El Toro. A proposal in response to a commercial air transportation study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Muenzberg, Steve; Gillespie, Shane; Coogan, Jim; Monahan, Pat; Bruen, Liam; Wincer, Bob; Wilkey, Rob

    1991-01-01

    El Toro is a remotely piloted airplane designed to operate as a commercial aircraft in a fictional 'Aeroworld' where the passengers are ping-pong balls and the distances between cities are on the order of thousands of feet. The present design for El Toro will profitably meet the requirements for operation in Aeroworld with a ticket price comparable the ticket prices of current transportation. The extended range of El Toro allows for numerous flights to be flown before the battery pack needs to be changed. This drastically reduces the operating costs to the airlines, allowing them to charge less for a ticket or else to realize a higher profit margin.

  12. Optical Computations for Image Bandwidth Compression.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-05-15

    a *e ea m a RA a w xUalaUUI ~ggc 7 ail ,9 At Is mu agoamanwma accae g a a a. eme., d"l ac me . s sC g: A ge a & o a a a .0 AC 0 .01’a d gRo n’s. aa a... accae . -c::-.a snurz n_er f is. co :ic -’ ementatojon, the suosa=-pong an:_ n.-.er~o_’at_:n v-erat.On 2~~~- -n- - --- a--..Se- 1- :.::cncn Oe :.eat.n

  13. Insecure Commitment and Resistance: An Examination of Change Leadership, Self-Efficacy, and Trust on the Relationship between Job Insecurity, Employee Commitment, and Resistance to Organizational Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert Elijah

    2013-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the mediation role of self-efficacy and the moderating roles of change leadership strategy and trust on the change attitudes of job insecure employees. Using job insecurity theory (Greenhalgh, 1983), Chin & Benne's (1961) seminal classification of change leadership strategies and the tripartite model of…

  14. Revisiting the Authoritative-Dialogic Tension in Inquiry-Based Elementary Science Teacher Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Booven, Christopher D.

    2015-01-01

    Building on the "questioning-based discourse analytical" framework developed by Singapore-based science educator and discourse analyst, Christine Chin, this study investigated the extent to which fifth-grade science teachers' use of questions with either an authoritative or dialogic orientation differentially restricted or expanded the…

  15. Tracking Speech Sound Acquisition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Thomas W.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a procedure to aid in the clinical appraisal of child speech. The approach, based on the work by Dinnsen, Chin, Elbert, and Powell (1990; Some constraints on functionally disordered phonologies: Phonetic inventories and phonotactics. "Journal of Speech and Hearing Research", 33, 28-37), uses a railway idiom to track gains in…

  16. Cognitive Models for Learning to Control Dynamic Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-26

    for Composite Hypotheses”, Technical Report 94.4, Institute for Applications of Mathematics and Informatics, Milan, 1994. [24] I.V. Pavlov , “Sequential...CHANG Yuan-Chin Ivan , Application of sequential interval estimation to adaptive mastery testing, 2005, vol. 70, no4, pp. 685-713. [30] A. Tartakovsky

  17. NITROTYROSINATION OF A TUBULIN INDUCES EPITHELIAL BARRIER DYSFUNCTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Nitrotyrosination of a-Tubulin Induces Epithelial Transport Dysfunction. Yuh-Chin Huang, Lisa Dailey, Wen-Li Zhang and Ilona Jaspers. ORD, Environmental Protection Agency and CEMLB, University of North Carolina

    a-Tubulin undergoes a cyclic removal and readdition of tyrosin...

  18. The Evaluation and Treatment of Aggression Maintained by Attention and Automatic Reinforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Rachel H.; Fisher, Wayne W.; Piazza, Cathleen C.; Kuhn, David E.

    1998-01-01

    A study used direct and indirect methods to assess and treat several topographies of the aggression of a 7-year-old boy with severe mental retardation and pervasive personality disorder. Functional communication training with extinction reduced all forms of aggression except chin grinding, which was reduced by an alternative treatment. (Author/CR)

  19. Differential Amplifier Circuits Based on Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors (CNTFETs)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    Differential Amplifier Circuits Based on Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors ( CNTFETs ) by Matthew Chin and Dr. Stephen Kilpatrick...20783-1197 ARL-TR-5151 April 2010 Differential Amplifier Circuits Based on Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors ( CNTFETs ) Dr...AND SUBTITLE Differential Amplifier Circuits Based on Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors ( CNTFETs ) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER

  20. Can longer forest harvest intervals increase summer streamflow for salmon recovery?

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Mashel Streamflow Modeling Project in the Mashel River Basin, Washington, is using a watershed-scale ecohydrological model to assess whether longer forest harvest intervals can remediate summer low flow conditions that have contributed to sharply reduced runs of spawning Chin...

  1. ALTERATION OF CARDIAC ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY BY WATER-LEACHABLE COMPONENTS OF RESIDUAL OIL FLY ASH (ROFA)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Alteration of cardiac electrical activity by water-leachable components
    of residual oil fly ash (ROFA)

    Desuo Wang, Yuh-Chin T. Huang*, An Xie, Ting Wang

    *Human Studies Division, NHEERL, US EPA
    104 Mason Farm Road, Chapel Hill, NC 27599
    Department of Basic ...

  2. Communication by olfactory signals in rabbits: its role in reproduction.

    PubMed

    Melo, Angel I; González-Mariscal, Gabriela

    2010-01-01

    Rabbits use a variety of olfactory signals to transmit information related with reproduction. Such cues are produced in skin glands (submandibular, anal, Harder's, lachrymal, preputial) and the mammary gland-nipple complex. Some signals are transmitted by active behaviors, for example, chin-marking, urination, and defecation, while others are transmitted passively (e.g., mammary pheromone (MP) and inguinal gland secretions). We show that sex steroids regulate: chinning frequency and the chin gland's size, weight and secretory activity in bucks and does by acting on specific brain regions or on the chin gland, respectively. The "mammary pheromone," identified in milk as 2-methyl-but-2-enal, is essential for guiding the pups to the nipples, but its origin (mammary gland, ventral skin, nipple) remains to be determined. Estradiol, progesterone, and prolactin regulate the emission of an olfactory cue that also triggers nipple-search behavior in the pups, but its chemical identity and relation with the MP are unclear. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Investigation of Primary Students' Motivation Levels towards Science Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sevinc, Betul; Ozmen, Haluk; Yigit, Nevzat

    2011-01-01

    The present research was conducted with 518 students enrolled at the 6th, 7th and 8th classes of primary schools. A likert-type scale developed by Tuan, Chin and Shieh (2005) and translated into Turkish by Yilmaz and Cavas (2007) was used to examine the motivation levels of students towards science learning. Research findings revealed that gender,…

  4. Adaptation of the Students' Motivation towards Science Learning (SMTSL) Questionnaire in the Greek Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dermitzaki, Irini; Stavroussi, Panayiota; Vavougios, Denis; Kotsis, Konstantinos T.

    2013-01-01

    The present study aimed at adapting in the Greek language the Students' Motivation Towards Science Learning (SMTSL) questionnaire developed by Tuan, Chin, and Shieh ("INT J SCI EDUC" 27(6): 639-654, 2005a) into a different cultural context, a different age group, that is, in university students and with a focus on physics learning. Three…

  5. Identification of Physically Underdeveloped Pupils: Activities to Improve Their Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, Washington, DC.

    Screening tests consisting of observation procedures and simple physical exercises requiring only a chinning bar, stopwatch, and record forms are suggested for identifying pupils aged ten to seventeen who are underdeveloped in strength, flexibility, agility, or cardiorespiratory endurance. Classes should be divided into pairs with one pupil acting…

  6. STS-53 Pilot Cabana adjusts CCA during JSC launch emergency egress training

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-53 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, Pilot Robert D. Cabana, wearing launch and entry suit (LES), adjusts communications carrier assembly (CCA) chin strap and microphones before donning his helmet. Cabana is preparing for launch emergency egress bailout procedures in JSC's Mockup and Integration Laboratory (MAIL) Bldg 9NE.

  7. The effect of bone displacement operations on facial soft tissues.

    PubMed

    Habib, Ali; Hisham, Ahmed

    2013-01-01

    A novel biomechanical model for face soft tissue (skin, mucosa, and muscles) is introduced to investigate the effect of mandible and chin bone displacement on the overall appearance of the patient's face. Nonlinear FE analysis is applied to the model and the results obtained are used to help surgeons to decide the amount of displacement required.

  8. Mass Atrocities Prevention: The Role and Performance of the United States Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    atrocity prevention. Other activities that provide extraordinary educational opportunities for select cadets are a two-week staff ride activity across...Problem from Hell. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. Sewall, Sarah, Dwight Raymond, and Sally Chin. 2010. Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO

  9. Detection Of Malware Collusion With Static Dependence Analysis On Inter APP Communication

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-08

    Adrienne Porter Felt, Kate Greenwood, and David Wagner . “Analyzing inter-application communication in Android.”, 9th international conference on...Conference on Computer and Communications Security, pp. 735-746. ACM, 2016. [17]. Kantola, David, Erika Chin, Warren He, and David Wagner . “Reducing

  10. Geomorphic classification of rivers

    Treesearch

    J. M. Buffington; D. R. Montgomery

    2013-01-01

    Over the last several decades, environmental legislation and a growing awareness of historical human disturbance to rivers worldwide (Schumm, 1977; Collins et al., 2003; Surian and Rinaldi, 2003; Nilsson et al., 2005; Chin, 2006; Walter and Merritts, 2008) have fostered unprecedented collaboration among scientists, land managers, and stakeholders to better understand,...

  11. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey E. W. Russell, Photographer, February 6, 1936 WROUGHT IRON GATE WITH CAST IRON ORNAMENTATION, 456 SO. CONCEPTION STREET - 456 South Conception Street (Iron Fence & Gate), (moved to 1802 Old Govt. & 3333 Riviere du Chin), Mobile, Mobile County, AL

  12. International Symposium on Chinese Languages and Linguistics Proceedings (4th, Taipei, Taiwan, July 18-20, 1994).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Dah-an, Ed.; Tseng, Chiu-yu, Ed.

    This publication of proceedings, most in English and some in Chinese, of a conference on Chinese languages and linguistics include the following papers: "On Rule Effect and Dialect Classification" (Chin-Chuan Cheng); "Cross-Linguistic Typological Variation, Grammatical Relations, and the Chinese Language" (Bernard Comrie); "Is Chinese a Pragmatic…

  13. Facial Feature Extraction Based on Wavelet Transform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hung, Nguyen Viet

    Facial feature extraction is one of the most important processes in face recognition, expression recognition and face detection. The aims of facial feature extraction are eye location, shape of eyes, eye brow, mouth, head boundary, face boundary, chin and so on. The purpose of this paper is to develop an automatic facial feature extraction system, which is able to identify the eye location, the detailed shape of eyes and mouth, chin and inner boundary from facial images. This system not only extracts the location information of the eyes, but also estimates four important points in each eye, which helps us to rebuild the eye shape. To model mouth shape, mouth extraction gives us both mouth location and two corners of mouth, top and bottom lips. From inner boundary we obtain and chin, we have face boundary. Based on wavelet features, we can reduce the noise from the input image and detect edge information. In order to extract eyes, mouth, inner boundary, we combine wavelet features and facial character to design these algorithms for finding midpoint, eye's coordinates, four important eye's points, mouth's coordinates, four important mouth's points, chin coordinate and then inner boundary. The developed system is tested on Yale Faces and Pedagogy student's faces.

  14. Comment on 'Quantum teleportation of an arbitrary two-qubit state and its relation to multipartite entanglement'

    SciTech Connect

    Deng Fuguo

    2005-09-15

    The multipartite state in the Rigolin's protocol [Phys. Rev. A 71, 032303 (2005)] for teleporting an arbitrary two-qubit state is just a product state of N Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen pairs in essence, not a genuine multipartite entangled state, and this protocol in principle is equivalent to the Yang-Guo protocol [Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 162 (2000)].

  15. Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Treatment and Prophylaxis of Radiation-Induced Oral Mucositis in Patients Receiving Radiotherapy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Wang, Cong; Wang, Peiguo; Ouyang, Huaqiang; Wang, Jing; Sun, Lining; Li, Yanwei; Liu, Dongying; Jiang, Zhansheng; Wang, Bin; Pan, Zhanyu

    2017-09-01

    To estimate the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (Chining decoction, CHIN) for radiation-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer. From May 2014 to December 2015, 70 consecutive patients were randomly assigned to receive CHIN (treatment group) or recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) spray (control group) at a 1:1 ratio. CHIN was administered to treatment group from the first day of radiotherapy until the completion of radiotherapy. Simultaneously, the rhEGF spray was administered to control group on the oral mucosa of irradiated area. The clinical benefit was determined by gradation of mucositis (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0), oral pain, and xerostomia (visual analysis scale) for each week during radiotherapy. Body mass index was evaluated before and after radiotherapy. Patients in the treatment group had prominent remission of oral pain and grade of mucositis on each observing point compared with those in control group ( P < .01). Xerostomia was decreased notably in treatment group compared with control group ( P < .01). Body mass index in the treatment group exhibited advantage over control group after radiotherapy, but there was no statistical significance (19.8 ± 3.26 vs 18.8 ± 2.5 kg/m(2), P = .153, >.05). CHIN presented an obvious advantage in preventing radiation-induced oral mucositis compared with rhEGF spray.

  16. Interorganizational health care systems implementations: an exploratory study of early electronic commerce initiatives.

    PubMed

    Payton, F C; Ginzberg, M J

    2001-01-01

    Changing business practices, customers needs, and market dynamics have driven many organizations to implement interorganizational systems (IOSs). IOSs have been successfully implemented in the banking, cotton, airline, and consumer-goods industries, and recently attention has turned to the health care industry. This article describes an exploratory study of health care IOS implementations based on the voluntary community health information network (CHIN) model.

  17. Comprehension Questioning Small Group Reading Instruction for Urban Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Valerie

    2012-01-01

    It is evident from reading research that students with learning disabilities (LD) greatly benefit from teacher-student interactions during small group comprehension instruction (e.g., Berkeley, Scruggs, & Mastropieri, 2010). Given that questioning takes up the vast majority of instructional interactions between teachers and students (Chin,…

  18. Lightweight Helmet For Eye/Balance Studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcstravick, M. Catherine; Proctor, David R.; Wood, Scott J.

    1988-01-01

    Lightweight helmet serves as mounting platform for stimulus and sensor modules in experiments on role of vestibulo-ocular reflex in motion sickness and space-adaptation syndrome. Fitted liner and five inflatable air bladders stabilize helmet with respect to subject's head. Personal bite board attached to chin-bar assembly makes hard palate in subject's mouth serve as final position reference for helmet.

  19. Biennial Guidance Test Symposium (15th) Held in Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico on 24-26 September 1991. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    1982. 2. G.H. Chin, A. Cordova and E. Goldner, "Extended Envi- ronmental Performance of Attitude and Heading Reference Grade Fiber Optic Rotation...Guidance and Controls’ LN--!00 System for the LH program and the Apache liicopter guid- The design and performance of Litton’s second gen- ance

  20. 78 FR 68151 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ... ADAMS LAWRENCE BRUCE AIERS RODGER CHARLES AL RAIS AHMED SALIM ALBRECHT-FENNER SOPHIE VIOLETTE ALEXANDER... RAVI CHILLAK ALEXANDER......... CONNELL CHIN SUNG SUP CHIU JENNIFER WENDY CHOE SUNG JAY CHOI HYUN JIN... AMALIA AMY HONEGGER HEINRICH DAVID HONG HEI-WEON HOOD JAMES ALEXANDER STUART TATE HOOGE...

  1. ALTERATION OF CARDIAC ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY BY WATER-LEACHABLE COMPONENTS OF RESIDUAL OIL FLY ASH (ROFA)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Alteration of cardiac electrical activity by water-leachable components
    of residual oil fly ash (ROFA)

    Desuo Wang, Yuh-Chin T. Huang*, An Xie, Ting Wang

    *Human Studies Division, NHEERL, US EPA
    104 Mason Farm Road, Chapel Hill, NC 27599
    Department of Basic ...

  2. Fundreds in Arkansas: An Interdisciplinary Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Porte, Angela M.

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses Fundreds in Arkansas, an interactive cooperative in Arkansas to promote and support Mel Chin's nationwide interdisciplinary artwork, Operation Paydirt (The Fundred Dollar Bill Project). The artwork involves communities and educational institutions across the country, healthcare professionals, engineers, urban planners, and…

  3. Are We Ready to #MeetTheMoment?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chin, Maisie

    2015-01-01

    CADRE, an organization led by Maisie Chin, is a Human Right to Education Campaign. Between 2005 and 2013, CADRE played a lead role in using grassroots organizing and leadership development to create a seismic shift in public policy, debate, and narrative around school discipline, racial disparities, parents' roles, school climate, and closing the…

  4. Comparing Three Jet Rates with and without Hadronic Rindler Horizon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghaffary, Tooraj

    2017-03-01

    Recently, some researchers, (Sepehri and Shoorvazi Chin. Phys. Lett. 30(2), 021301, [2013]), have considered the effect of Rindler horizon on three jet rate. This paper confirms their results and by comparing usual models with this new model for different energies, shows that regarding Rindler horizon gives us the results which more close to experimental data respect to usual models.

  5. A Randomized Study of Three Interventions for Aspiration of Thin Liquids in Patients with Dementia or Parkinson's Disease

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logemann, Jeri A.; Gensler, Gary; Robbins, JoAnne; Lindblad, Anne S.; Brandt, Diane; Hind, Jacqueline A.; Kosek, Steven; Dikeman, Karen; Kazandjian, Marta; Gramigna, Gary D.; Lundy, Donna; McGarvey-Toler, Susan; Miller Gardner, Patricia J.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study was designed to identify which of 3 treatments for aspiration on thin liquids--chin-down posture, nectar-thickened liquids, or honey-thickened liquids--results in the most successful immediate elimination of aspiration on thin liquids during the videofluorographic swallow study in patients with dementia and/or Parkinson's…

  6. NITROTYROSINE ATTENUATES RSV-INDUCED INFLAMMATION IN AIRWAY EPITHELIAL CELLS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Nitrotyrosine attenuates RSV-induced inflammation in airway epithelial cells. Joleen Soukup, Zuowei Li, Susanne Becker and Yuh-Chin Huang. NHEERL, ORD, USEPA, RTP, North Carolina, CEMALB, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

    Nitrotyrosine (NO2Tyr) is a...

  7. Quantum kung fu

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flicker, Felix

    2014-07-01

    If someone puts you in an armlock, what should you do? If you happen to be a martial artist well-practised in the art of joint manipulation, or chin na, you will know the answer already: there is one simple move that will allow you to turn the tables on your aggressor, leaving them on the wrong end of a throw.

  8. Movement Activity Levels on Traditional and Contemporary Playground Structures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabbard, Carl P.; LeBlanc, Elizabeth

    This study investigated playground activity levels of children in grades K-4 and compared levels of use of traditional and creative playground apparatus. The traditional playground area consisted of climbing bars, slides, ladders, chin bars, swings, see saws, and a merry-go-round. The creative playground contained tire hurdles, tire walk, tire…

  9. 42 CFR 84.1130 - Respirators; description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... respective vapors, or from the chemical reaction between their respective vapors and gases. (3) Air-purifying... reaction with sorbent material in the canister. (c) Pesticide respirators, including all completely...) Front-mounted or back-mounted gas masks; (2) Chin-style gas mask; (3) Chemical cartridge; (4)...

  10. Studies Presented to Robert B. Lees by His Students. Papers in Linguistics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadock, Jerrold M.; Vanek, Anthony L.

    This volume, dedicated to Professor Robert B. Lees on the occasion of his departure from the University of Illinois, contains 15 papers on a variety of linguistic topics: C. L. Baker, "Problems of Polarity in Counterfactuals"; Lawrence F. Bouton, "Do So: Do+Adverb"; Chin-chuan Cheng, "Domains of Phonological Rule Application"; Joseph F. Foster,…

  11. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 8, Number 8, November/December 2002

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-12-01

    2002 Legionella pneumophila is a gram-negative bacterium that causes two clinically and epidemio- logically distinct illnesses. Legionnaires ’ disease is...17th edition. ed. Chin J. American Public Health Association. Washington, DC; 2000:281- 3. 2. Legionella pneumophila ( Legionnaires disease ...1998-July 2002.........................................................8 Legionnaires ’ disease in a laboratory worker at a medical treatment facility

  12. Designing an Educational Game, Simulation or Workshop: A Change Theory Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cryer, Patricia

    1986-01-01

    Presents theoretical perspectives of change of Benne, Chin, Lewin, and Rogers, and draws out strategies that designers of games, simulations, and workshops may find useful. Highlights include rational/empirical, normative/re-educative, and power/coercive strategies; Lewin's force-field model; and Rogers' stage model. (MBR)

  13. NITROTYROSINE ATTENUATES RSV-INDUCED INFLAMMATION IN AIRWAY EPITHELIAL CELLS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Nitrotyrosine attenuates RSV-induced inflammation in airway epithelial cells. Joleen Soukup, Zuowei Li, Susanne Becker and Yuh-Chin Huang. NHEERL, ORD, USEPA, RTP, North Carolina, CEMALB, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

    Nitrotyrosine (NO2Tyr) is a...

  14. Mitobolites: the elixir of life.

    PubMed

    Katewa, Subhash D; Khanna, Amit; Kapahi, Pankaj

    2014-07-01

    One of the biggest challenges in biology is to understand how mitochondria influence aging and age-related diseases. Chin et al. (2014) reveal how a mitochondrial metabolite (mitobolite) inhibits mitochondrial ATPase and extends lifespan by mimicking dietary restriction in worms. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Linear Lichen Planopilaris of the Face: Case Report and Review.

    PubMed

    Asz-Sigall, Daniel; González-de-Cossio-Hernández, Ana Cecilia; Rodríguez-Lobato, Erika; Ortega-Springall, María Fernanda; Vega-Memije, María Elisa; Arenas Guzmán, Roberto

    2016-09-01

    We describe the case of a 45-year-old man who presented with a 5-month history of unilateral pruritic linear erythematous papules and atrophy on the chin and mandibular area. Dermoscopy showed areas of cicatricial alopecia with absence of follicular openings, perifollicular erythema and pigment. Lichen planopilaris of the face is a rare variant with only 13 cases reported in the literature.

  16. Myanmar, Southeast Asia as seen from STS-59

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    View westward from Burma across a finger of India into the Ganges Delta in Bangladesh. The meandering stream in the foreground is the Chindwin River about 100 miles northwest of Mandalay; the stream having tiny meanders is the Myittha; and the stream in sunglint is the Manipur River flowing through the Chin Hills. Extensive hillside fires fill the valleys of Burma with smoke.

  17. In vitro and in vivo characterization of chimeric duck Tembusu virus based on Japanese encephalitis live vaccine strain SA14-14-2.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hong-Jiang; Liu, Long; Li, Xiao-Feng; Ye, Qing; Deng, Yong-Qiang; Qin, E-De; Qin, Cheng-Feng

    2016-07-01

    Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV), a newly identified flavivirus, has rapidly spread to China, Malaysia and Thailand. The potential threats to public health have been well-highlighted; however its virulence and pathogenesis remain largely unknown. Here, by using reverse genetics, a recombinant chimeric DTMUV based on Japanese encephalitis live vaccine strain SA14-14-2 was obtained by substituting the corresponding prM and E genes (named ChinDTMUV). In vitro characterization demonstrated that ChinDTMUV replicated efficiently in mammalian cells with small-plaque phenotype in comparison with its parental viruses. Mouse tests showed ChinDTMUV exhibited avirulent phenotype in terms of neuroinvasiveness, while it retained neurovirulence from its parental virus DTMUV. Furthermore, immunization with ChinDTMUV was evidenced to elicit robust IgG and neutralizing antibody responses in mice. Overall, we successfully developed a viable chimeric DTMUV, and these results provide a useful platform for further investigation of the pathogenesis of DTMUV and development of a live attenuated DTMUV vaccine candidate.

  18. CALL Environments: Research, Practice, and Critical Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egbert, Joy, Ed.; Hanson-Smith, Elizabeth, Ed.

    Essays on computer-assisted language learning (CALL) include: "Computer-Enhanced Language Learning Environments" (Joy Egbert, Chin-chi Chao, Elizabeth Hanson-Smith); "Theory and Research Interaction via Computers" (Joy Kreeft Peyton); "Classroom Practice: Creating Interactive CALL Activities" (Joy Egbert); "CALL…

  19. Identification of Physically Underdeveloped Pupils: Activities to Improve Their Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, Washington, DC.

    Screening tests consisting of observation procedures and simple physical exercises requiring only a chinning bar, stopwatch, and record forms are suggested for identifying pupils aged ten to seventeen who are underdeveloped in strength, flexibility, agility, or cardiorespiratory endurance. Classes should be divided into pairs with one pupil acting…

  20. China’s Pursuit of a Blue-Water Navy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    understood as comprising both a naval clement ;IS well as ;1 commercial element. 7 This is critical. in that as a nation’s mercantile power expands its naval...pmvcr. Furthermore, Chin~l possesses signiricant COLlSt lines, deep \\\\!~ller h;lrhors, ,\\! lei viahle ports that malch favorahly \\vilh Mahan’s

  1. [Pay attention to the fine management of the diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma].

    PubMed

    Wang, N L

    2016-06-11

    During the clinical practice of glaucoma, the fine management is needed in patient's eye history taking, clinical material organization, the standardization, normalization, advantage complement of clinical examination and compliance evaluation of anti-glaucoma medication. The fine management of the glaucoma diagnosis and treatment will enable the greatest extent of visual protection.(Chin J Ophthalmol, 2016, 52: 401-403).

  2. NEW BEDFORD, PUBLIC MEETING AGENDA AND ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    2012-06-28

    ... ii]ll iiiumiLi n raipo i: t:<:n:l ::i: chin .Uitniiil: [[iiiini ... r M«iL»«uri, lire™ HIM 'si Ksu: iragimHK-itt iUito gun, .... ... ll:iy tJtun ii^ratinciiniiEi I: or t:.l:i

  3. North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Development and Diplomacy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-05

    earlier than Bosworth; he testified that North Korean Foreign Ministry official, Lee Gun , stated that a peace agreement...September 24, 2008; and Yi Chong- chin , “DPRK official at energy aid talks comments on nuclear verification issue,” Yonhap News Agency, September 19...complete denuclearization. If these 51 Choe Sang- hun , “Tensions rise on Korean peninsula,” New

  4. On Developing an Art and Ecology Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollis, Cynthia L.

    1997-01-01

    Surveys the work of several ecological artists, describes their work, and includes a brief rational for their activity. Examines the artwork of Joseph Beuys in Germany, Andy Goldsworthy in Scotland, as well as Mierle Ukeles, Mel Chin, David Hanson, Ana Mendieta, and Helen and Newton Harrison in the United States. (MJP)

  5. Sovereignty and Inter-governmental Relations with Arizona Indian Tribes--A Report on the Indian Town Hall (2nd, White Mountain Apache Reservation, August 20-22, 1974).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs, Phoenix.

    Established by the Arizona legislature in 1953 and serving as official link between tribal autonomies and State government, the Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs has recently sponsored its second conference, the proceedings of which constituted this report. Conference participants, forming two panel discussion groups, represented the Ak-Chin,…

  6. 76 FR 77012 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Organ...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-09

    ...; and Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona. The Cocopah Tribe of Arizona; Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California; Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona... the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; Cocopah Tribe of Arizona; Colorado River...

  7. Descriptions of four species of grenadier fishes of the genera Hymenocephalus and Hymenogadus (Teleostei, Gadiformes, Macrouridae) from the New Zealand region and Tasman Sea, including two new species of Hymenocephalus.

    PubMed

    McMillan, Peter; Iwamoto, Tomio

    2014-08-21

    Two new species of Hymenocephalus are described from the New Zealand region and Tasman Sea. Hymenocephalus fuscus sp. n. has 11-12 pelvic fin rays, is darkly pigmented, with enlarged bony ridges on the dorsal aspects of head, lacks a chin barbel, has few (16-19) gill rakers on inner side of first arch and is similar to other species in the H. aterrimus species group. Hymenocephalus maculicaudus sp. n. has 8 pelvic fin rays, a mid-lateral line of melanophores on body and tail that extends about a head length posterior to anal fin origin, a short (7-16 % HL) chin barbel and is similar to other species in the H. megalops species group. Hymenocephalus nascens has 12-14 pelvic fin rays, lacks a chin barbel, has a mid-lateral stripe of silvery (fresh) or brownish (preserved) pigment running along trunk and tail. Hymenogadus gracilis has a serrated (weak, near tip) first dorsal fin spine, 7-9 pelvic fin rays, long (20-30% HL) chin barbel, and one row of enlarged melanophores along lateral mid-line of the tail. Hymenocephalus nascens and Hymenogadus gracilis are recorded for the first time from the New Zealand region. A key to the known New Zealand species of Hymenocephalus and Hymenogadus is provided. 

  8. Myanmar, Southeast Asia as seen from STS-59

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    View westward from Burma across a finger of India into the Ganges Delta in Bangladesh. The meandering stream in the foreground is the Chindwin River about 100 miles northwest of Mandalay; the stream having tiny meanders is the Myittha; and the stream in sunglint is the Manipur River flowing through the Chin Hills. Extensive hillside fires fill the valleys of Burma with smoke.

  9. Factor Structure of the Multidimensional Orientation toward Dying and Death Inventory among Hong Kong College Students: A Preliminary Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wittkowski, Joachim; Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Chan, Wallace C. H.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the factor structures of the Chinese version of the Multidimensional Orientation Toward Dying and Death Inventory (MODDI-F/chin), originally established in German language, in a sample of Hong Kong college students (n = 256). Both confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis were performed to examine the factor…

  10. VANADL SULFATE INHIBITS NO PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENTIALLY REGULATING SERINE/THREONINE PHOSPHORYLATION OF ENOS

    EPA Science Inventory

    VANADYL SULFATE INHIBITS NO PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENTIALLY REGULATING SERINE/THREONINE PHOSPHORYLATION OF eNOS. Zhuowei Li, Jacqueline D. Carter, Lisa A. Dailey, Joleen Soukup, Yuh-Chin T. Huang. CEMALB, University of North Carolina and ORD, US EPA, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
    V...

  11. VANADYL SULFATE INHIBITS NO PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENTIALLY REGULATING SERINE/THREONINE PHOSPHORYLATION OF ENOS

    EPA Science Inventory

    VANADYL SULFATE INHIBITS NO PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENTIALLY REGULATING SERINE/THREONINE PHOSPHORYLATION OF eNOS.

    Zhuowei Li, Jacqueline D. Carter, Lisa A. Dailey, Joleen Soukup, Yuh-Chin T. Huang. CEMALB, University of North Carolina and NHEERL, US EPA, Chapel Hill, North Ca...

  12. Tracking Speech Sound Acquisition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Thomas W.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a procedure to aid in the clinical appraisal of child speech. The approach, based on the work by Dinnsen, Chin, Elbert, and Powell (1990; Some constraints on functionally disordered phonologies: Phonetic inventories and phonotactics. "Journal of Speech and Hearing Research", 33, 28-37), uses a railway idiom to track gains in…

  13. STS-105 Countdown Status Briefing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    Bruce Buckingham, NASA Public Affairs, introduces Steve Altemus, NASA Test Director, and Glenn Chin, STS-105 Mission Manager, in this STS-105 prelaunch press conference. An overview is given of the launch countdown, payload status, and weather forecast. The men then answer questions from the press.

  14. STS-105 Countdown Status Briefing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    Joel Wells, NASA Public Affairs, introduces Steve Altemus, NASA Test Director, Glenn Chin, STS-105 Mission Manager, and Ed Priselac, Shuttle Weather Officer, in this STS-105 prelaunch press conference. An overview is given of the launch countdown, payload status (Leonardo Multipurpose Logistics Module), and weather forecast. The men then answer questions from the press.

  15. United States Air Force Research Initiation Program. 1985 Technical Report. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-01

    Transfer 760-0M6-018 Dr. Barry N. Haack Dr. Je-chin Han 36 Detector Placement and Particle Size Interpretation for a Multiple Ratio Single...Jensen, A. R. (1982). Reaction time and psychometric g. In H. J. Eysenck (Ed.), ^4 model for intelligence. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag Kanfer, R

  16. Supplement to the History of United States Army Engineer District Far East 1976 to 1977

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-03-01

    most items, and the attendant delays in construction. The following extract from a letter by the District Engineer, vividly illustrates the...Jr, FED District Engineer, to Noh, Chin Slk, ROK Chairman, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, 6 October 1976, and 11 Octoper 1976. -21- signed

  17. High-Resolution Global Modeling of the Effects of Subgrid-Scale Clouds and Turbulence on Precipitating Cloud Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Bogenschutz, Peter; Moeng, Chin-Hoh

    2015-10-13

    The PI’s at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Chin-Hoh Moeng and Peter Bogenschutz, have primarily focused their time on the implementation of the Simplified-Higher Order Turbulence Closure (SHOC; Bogenschutz and Krueger 2013) to the Multi-scale Modeling Framework (MMF) global model and testing of SHOC on deep convective cloud regimes.

  18. Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease

    MedlinePlus

    ... disorder. Alternative Names Pulmonary vaso-occlusive disease Images Respiratory system References Chin K, Channick RN. Pulmonary hypertension. In: Broaddus VC, Mason RJ, Ernst JD, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016: ...

  19. Object-Oriented Parallel Processing with Mentat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    ogy, 1993. 10 R. Chin and S. Chanson , “Distributed Object-Based Programming Systems,” ACM Computing Surveys, pp. 91-127, vol. 23, no. 1, March., 1991...SCCS 42c, NPAC, Syracuse Uni- versity, Syracuse, NY. 15 A. S. Grimshaw, W. A. Wulf, J. C. French , A.C. Weaver, and Paul Reynolds Jr. “Legion: The Next

  20. [Reconstruction of the mandibular symphysis using a revascularized free flap of the scapula. Surgical technic].

    PubMed

    Mayot, D; Perrin, C; Lindas, P; Dron, K

    1993-01-01

    In cases of surgically removed mandibular symphysis malignancies, the bone and mouth floor were reconstructed using osteo-musculo-cutaneous flaps. In our experience, the latter provide the best results. Removed in dorsal decubitus, they allow floor replacement. During the dissection of the tumor site, we also preserve labial and chin structures, which favours a good restoration of phonation and swallowing.

  1. NITROTYROSINATION OF A TUBULIN INDUCES EPITHELIAL BARRIER DYSFUNCTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Nitrotyrosination of a-Tubulin Induces Epithelial Transport Dysfunction. Yuh-Chin Huang, Lisa Dailey, Wen-Li Zhang and Ilona Jaspers. ORD, Environmental Protection Agency and CEMLB, University of North Carolina

    a-Tubulin undergoes a cyclic removal and readdition of tyrosin...

  2. Does Postural Rigidity Decrease during REM Sleep without Atonia in Parkinson Disease?

    PubMed

    Arnaldi, Dario; Latimier, Alice; Leu-Semenescu, Smaranda; De Carli, Fabrizio; Vidailhet, Marie; Arnulf, Isabelle

    2016-06-15

    Rigidity is a muscle hypertonia typical of Parkinson disease (PD), whereas rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by abnormally increased muscle tone during REM sleep (REM sleep without atonia) and enacting dream behaviors. Because movements are not bradykinetic during RBD in patients with PD, we investigated whether the background, wake postural rigidity is attenuated during REM sleep without atonia, in absence of movement. The amplitude of levator menti (postural muscle) electromyographic activity during relaxed evening wakefulness (considered as reference) and sleep (N2, N3, atonic REM sleep, and quiet REM sleep without atonia) was measured in 20 patients with PD (with and without RBD), 10 patients with idiopathic RBD patients and 10 healthy subjects. The chin tone amplitude progressively decreased from wake to N2, N3, and atonic REM sleep in the four groups, but the highest amplitude was observed in PD patients with RBD during atonic REM sleep. Furthermore, chin muscle tone amplitude did not attenuate from wake to REM sleep without atonia in patients with both PD and RBD but dramatically attenuated (by 40% on average) in patients with idiopathic RBD. The high amplitude of chin muscle tone in PD with RBD (but not in idiopathic RBD) during REM sleep with and without atonia suggests that both PD-related hypertonia and RBD-related enhanced muscle tone coexist during REM sleep, together affecting chin muscle tone. Consequently, some rapid RBD movements likely start against a rigid postural tone. © 2016 American Academy of Sleep Medicine.

  3. Near Infrared Pulsed Light for Permanent Hair Reduction in Fitzpatrick Skin Types IV and V.

    PubMed

    Thacker, Pratik; Kumar, Pramod

    2016-01-01

    Excessive hair on the face is a significant cause for distress amongst women. Permanent hair reduction methods including lasers and pulsed light devices are increasingly being used. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of near infrared pulsed light source for permanent hair reduction in women seeking treatment for excessive hair growth on the upper lip and chin. This was a prospective observational study done at a tertiary care hospital in South India. Women above 18 years of age were observed for six sittings of the treatment for excessive hair over the upper lip and chin using a near infrared intense pulsed light device. Efficacy was evaluated by measuring percentage hair reduction using digital photography. Further, efficacy amongst women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) was compared with those without PCOS. Side effects were noted. Student's unpaired t-test using the software SPSS version 16. Percentage hair reduction at the end of 6 sittings in 24 women for the upper lip and chin was 52.87% and 73.81%, respectively. Out of the 24 women, 12 had PCOS and the difference in hair reduction in these women was statistically insignificant when compared to that observed in those without PCOS. Only two patients experienced side effects in the form of mild pain and discomfort. Intense pulsed light is a safe and efficacious tool for permanent hair reduction over the upper lip and chin, efficacy being similar in patients with or without PCOS.

  4. MICOM-Based Nowcast/Forecast for Coastal/Open Ocean Regions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-09-30

    of Mi- ami is real-time forecasting of both Eulerian elds, such as temperature and ve- locity, and Lagrangian trajectories, data assimilation ... methods are being developed and evaluated (Chin et al., 1999). The ve primary components of this e ort are (i) MICOM/HYCOM, (ii) satellite-derived sea

  5. Can longer forest harvest intervals increase summer streamflow for salmon recovery?

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Mashel Streamflow Modeling Project in the Mashel River Basin, Washington, is using a watershed-scale ecohydrological model to assess whether longer forest harvest intervals can remediate summer low flow conditions that have contributed to sharply reduced runs of spawning Chin...

  6. The influence of resistance training experience on the between-day reliability of commonly used strength measures in male youth athletes.

    PubMed

    Weakley, Jonathon; Till, Kevin; Darrall-Jones, Joshua; Roe, Gregory; Phibbs, Padraic; Read, Dale; Jones, Ben

    2017-03-08

    The purpose of this study was to determine the between-day reliability of commonly used strength measures in male youth athletes, while considering resistance training experience. Data were collected on 25 male athletes over two testing sessions, with 72 hours rest between, for the 3RM front squat, chin up and bench press. Subjects were initially categorized by resistance training experience (inexperienced; 6-12 months, experienced; >2 years). The assessment of the between-day reliability (coefficient of variation [CV%]) showed the front squat (experienced: 2.90%; inexperienced: 1.90%), chin up (experienced: 1.70%; inexperienced: 1.90%), and bench press (experienced: 4.50%; inexperienced: 2.40%) were all reliable measures of strength in both groups. Comparison between groups for the error of measurement for each exercise showed trivial differences. When both groups were combined, the CV% for the front squat, bench press, and chin up were 2.50%, 1.80%, and 3.70%, respectively. This study provides scientists and practitioners with the between-day reliability reference data to determine real and practical changes for strength in male youth athletes with different resistance training experience. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that 3RM front squat, chin up and bench press are reliable exercises to quantify strength in male youth athletes.

  7. Sporotrichosis on the face of a 7-year-old boy following a bicycle accident.

    PubMed

    Williams, Blake A; Jennings, Thomas A; Rushing, Erica C; Wirges, Marla; Russell, Brian E

    2013-01-01

    A 7-year-old boy presented with an annular verrucous plaque on the chin of 5 weeks duration. The lesion occurred after a bicycle accident and was unresponsive to antibiotics. Fungal culture grew Sporothrix schenckii. Sporotrichosis should be considered and fungal culture obtained whenever a nodule or plaque fails to respond to initial treatment.

  8. Soft tissue response to mandibular advancement using 3D CBCT scanning.

    PubMed

    Almeida, R C; Cevidanes, L H S; Carvalho, F A R; Motta, A T; Almeida, M A O; Styner, M; Turvey, T; Proffit, W R; Phillips, C

    2011-04-01

    This prospective longitudinal study assessed the 3D soft tissue changes following mandibular advancement surgery. Cranial base registration was performed for superimposition of virtual models built from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) volumes. Displacements at the soft and hard tissue chin (n = 20), lower incisors and lower lip (n = 21) were computed for presurgery to splint removal (4-6-week surgical outcome), presurgery to 1 year postsurgery (1-year surgical outcome), and splint removal to 1 year postsurgery (postsurgical adaptation). Qualitative evaluations of color maps illustrated the surgical changes and postsurgical adaptations, but only the lower lip showed statistically significant postsurgical adaptations. Soft and hard tissue chin changes were significantly correlated for each of the intervals evaluated: presurgery to splint removal (r = 0.92), presurgery to 1 year postsurgery (r = 0.86), and splint removal to 1 year postsurgery (r = 0.77). A statistically significant correlation between lower incisor and lower lip was found only between presurgery and 1 year postsurgery (r = 0.55). At 1 year after surgery, 31% of the lower lip changes were explained by changes in the lower incisor position while 73% of the soft tissue chin changes were explained by the hard chin. This study suggests that 3D soft tissue response to mandibular advancement surgery is markedly variable.

  9. Adaptation of the Students' Motivation towards Science Learning (SMTSL) Questionnaire in the Greek Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dermitzaki, Irini; Stavroussi, Panayiota; Vavougios, Denis; Kotsis, Konstantinos T.

    2013-01-01

    The present study aimed at adapting in the Greek language the Students' Motivation Towards Science Learning (SMTSL) questionnaire developed by Tuan, Chin, and Shieh ("INT J SCI EDUC" 27(6): 639-654, 2005a) into a different cultural context, a different age group, that is, in university students and with a focus on physics learning. Three…

  10. A Randomized Study of Three Interventions for Aspiration of Thin Liquids in Patients with Dementia or Parkinson's Disease

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logemann, Jeri A.; Gensler, Gary; Robbins, JoAnne; Lindblad, Anne S.; Brandt, Diane; Hind, Jacqueline A.; Kosek, Steven; Dikeman, Karen; Kazandjian, Marta; Gramigna, Gary D.; Lundy, Donna; McGarvey-Toler, Susan; Miller Gardner, Patricia J.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study was designed to identify which of 3 treatments for aspiration on thin liquids--chin-down posture, nectar-thickened liquids, or honey-thickened liquids--results in the most successful immediate elimination of aspiration on thin liquids during the videofluorographic swallow study in patients with dementia and/or Parkinson's…

  11. The Grapefruit Race: Demonstrating the Influence of Competition on Gender Differences in Intimacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hebl, Mikki R.; King, Eden B.; McGuire, Julie; Turchin, Melissa

    2008-01-01

    We present an interactive demonstration of factors that mitigate gender differences. Male and female volunteers pass a grapefruit from one classmate to the next using only their chins. The speed of task completion depends on its framing; when the volunteers believe the task is an exercise, women tend to be faster than men, whereas the opposite…

  12. Dropped head syndrome induced by chemoradiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Hashimoto, Yaichiro; Maebayashi, Katsuya; Izumi, Sachiko; Motegi, Atsushi; Mitsuhashi, Norio

    2012-11-01

    'Dropped head syndrome' (DHS) is characterized by severe weakness of the muscles of the back of the neck, resulting in chin-on-chest deformity. Dropped head syndrome induced by radiotherapy is very rare. We report a case of DHS following chemoradiotherapy with a total of 64.8 Gy in 36 fractions for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

  13. Revisiting the Authoritative-Dialogic Tension in Inquiry-Based Elementary Science Teacher Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Booven, Christopher D.

    2015-01-01

    Building on the "questioning-based discourse analytical" framework developed by Singapore-based science educator and discourse analyst, Christine Chin, this study investigated the extent to which fifth-grade science teachers' use of questions with either an authoritative or dialogic orientation differentially restricted or expanded the…

  14. EFFECTS OF METAL COMPONENTS IN CONCENTRATED AMBIENT AIR PARTICLES ON PULMONARY INJURY

    EPA Science Inventory

    EFFECTS OF METAL COMPONENTS IN CONCENTRATED AMBIENT AIR PARTICLES ON PULMONARY INJURY. Yuh-Chin Huang, Jackie Stonehuerner, Jackie Carter, Andrew J. Ghio, Robert B. Devlin. NHEERL, US EPA, RTP, NC.
    The mechanisms for cardiopulmonary morbidity associated with exposure to air po...

  15. feature - Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Cancer.gov

    "Cancer is a disease of the genome," noted Lynda Chin, M.D., professor of dermatology, Harvard Medical School and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. "And understanding the impact of genomic changes in the proteome is critically important for converting genomic knowledge into something that a clinician can use on their patients."

  16. HOW to Identify and Control Sapsucker Injury on Trees

    Treesearch

    Michael E. Ostry; Thomas H. Nicholls

    1976-01-01

    The yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius), a member of the woodpecker family, is a migratory bird whose summer breeding range includes the Lakes States region. The identifying field markings of adult birds are a black crescent on the breast, pale yellow belly, white wing stripe, and a crimson crown. The male also has a crimson chin and throat, distinguishing...

  17. Controlled cervical extension osteotomy for ankylosing spondylitis utilizing the Jackson operating table: technical note.

    PubMed

    Chin, Kingsley R; Ahn, Jaimo

    2007-08-01

    Technical note. To demonstrate a controlled extension osteotomy technique of the cervical spine in a prone position and using the head elevator mechanism on the Jackson operating table to correct a chin-on-chest deformity in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis. Catastrophic cord injury causing quadriplegia and death has been associated with correction of chin-on-chest deformity in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Manual control of spinal column motion during and after osteoclasis or osteotomy can be difficult, inexact, and anxiety inducing. A 45-year-old woman with ankylosing spondylitis and severe chin-on-chest deformity underwent a posterior C7 pedicle subtraction osteotomy, deformity correction, and instrumented fusion in a prone position on the Jackson operating table. By using the elevator mechanism attached to the head of the operating table and Mayfield tongs, the patient's cervicothoracic junction was placed into extension by over 30 degrees in controlled increments. We present a technique for controlled extension osteotomy correction of chin-on-chest deformity in a prone position. Use of the operating table mechanism in conjunction with a closing-wedge osteotomy diminishes the risk of translation, decreases risk of air embolus associated with a sitting position, and promotes greater opportunity for fusion through the osteotomy, and the stability allows for placement of modern instrumentation.

  18. EC89-0016-20

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1989-01-19

    This photo depicts the AFTI F-16 in the configuration used midway through the program. The sensor pods were added to the fuselage, but the chin canards remained in place. Painted in non-standard gray tones, it carried Sidewinder air-to-air missles on its wingtips.

  19. Fundreds in Arkansas: An Interdisciplinary Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Porte, Angela M.

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses Fundreds in Arkansas, an interactive cooperative in Arkansas to promote and support Mel Chin's nationwide interdisciplinary artwork, Operation Paydirt (The Fundred Dollar Bill Project). The artwork involves communities and educational institutions across the country, healthcare professionals, engineers, urban planners, and…

  20. [Forum on tissue expansion. Repair of sequelae of facial burns by cervical cutaneous expansion].

    PubMed

    Foyatier, J L; Comparin, J P; Latarjet, J; Delay, E; Spitalier, P; Masson, C L

    1993-02-01

    Burn scars of the lower part of the face are a difficult problem in plastic surgery. Full thickness skin graft or local flaps usually give poor cosmetic result. Over the last 5 years, we used 24 skin expanders in the neck area to cover burn scars of the chin and jaw. Discussion of the method and 4 cases are reported.

  1. Simulation of Geometric Effects on Double-Gate Field Emission Devices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-07-01

    and Tsung-Yu Yang Department of Electronic Engineering I-Shou University Ta-Hsu Hsiang , Kaohsiung County, Taiwan, R.O.C. ABSTRACT We report a study...1997. 3. Chi-Chang Wang, Jiin- Chuan , Chin-Ming Huang, IVMC󈨤, pp. 557, 1996. 4. Xieqing Zhu and Eric Munro, J. Van. Sci. Technol. B, 7, no 6, pp. 1862

  2. English Teaching & Learning, 2002-2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English Teaching & Learning, 2003

    2003-01-01

    These four issues contain the following articles: "A Case Documentation of English Instruction at the Elementary School Level: The Cross-Cultural Impact of Native Speaker Teachers" (Hsien-Chin Liou) [written in Chinese]; "A Collaborative Tale with Two Taiwanese EFL College Groups" (Feng-Ming Chi); "A Developmental Study on…

  3. 42 CFR 84.1130 - Respirators; description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... respective vapors, or from the chemical reaction between their respective vapors and gases. (3) Air-purifying... reaction with sorbent material in the canister. (c) Pesticide respirators, including all completely...) Front-mounted or back-mounted gas masks; (2) Chin-style gas mask; (3) Chemical cartridge; (4) Air...

  4. 42 CFR 84.1130 - Respirators; description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... respective vapors, or from the chemical reaction between their respective vapors and gases. (3) Air-purifying... reaction with sorbent material in the canister. (c) Pesticide respirators, including all completely...) Front-mounted or back-mounted gas masks; (2) Chin-style gas mask; (3) Chemical cartridge; (4) Air...

  5. 42 CFR 84.1130 - Respirators; description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... respective vapors, or from the chemical reaction between their respective vapors and gases. (3) Air-purifying... reaction with sorbent material in the canister. (c) Pesticide respirators, including all completely...) Front-mounted or back-mounted gas masks; (2) Chin-style gas mask; (3) Chemical cartridge; (4) Air...

  6. 42 CFR 84.1130 - Respirators; description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... respective vapors, or from the chemical reaction between their respective vapors and gases. (3) Air-purifying... reaction with sorbent material in the canister. (c) Pesticide respirators, including all completely...) Front-mounted or back-mounted gas masks; (2) Chin-style gas mask; (3) Chemical cartridge; (4) Air...

  7. Facial Assessment and Injection Guide for Botulinum Toxin and Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Focus on the Lower Face.

    PubMed

    de Maio, Maurício; Wu, Woffles T L; Goodman, Greg J; Monheit, Gary

    2017-09-01

    This third article of a three-part series addresses techniques and recommendations for aesthetic treatment of the lower face. The lower face is considered an advanced area for facial aesthetic treatment. In this region, soft-tissue fillers play a more important role than neuromodulators and should be used first to provide structure and support before neuromodulators are considered for treatment of dynamic lines. Treatment of the lip, perioral region, and chin, in addition to maintaining balance of the lower face with the face overall, is challenging. Procedures on the lip should avoid overcorrection while respecting the projection of the lips on the profile view and the ratio of lip size to chin. The chin is often neglected, but reshaping the jawline can provide dramatic improvement in facial aesthetics. Both profile and anterior views are critical in assessment and treatment of the lower face. Finally, rejuvenation of the neck region requires fillers for structural support of the chin and jawline and neuromodulators for treatment of the masseter and platysma.

  8. Papillary haemangioma: a case report of multiple facial location.

    PubMed

    Rammeh, S; Fazaa, B; Ajouli, W; Labbene, I; Kharfi, M; Zermani, R

    2014-06-01

    Papillary haemangiomas were recently defined as morphologically distinct and benign cutaneous haemangiomas showing a predominantly intravascular capillary proliferation within dilated thin-walled dermal blood vessels. We describe the case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with multiple eruptive red-bluish raised papules and nodules distributed over the skin of the chin that were related to a papillary haemangioma.

  9. VANADYL SULFATE INHIBITS NO PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENTIALLY REGULATING SERINE/THREONINE PHOSPHORYLATION OF ENOS

    EPA Science Inventory

    VANADYL SULFATE INHIBITS NO PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENTIALLY REGULATING SERINE/THREONINE PHOSPHORYLATION OF eNOS.

    Zhuowei Li, Jacqueline D. Carter, Lisa A. Dailey, Joleen Soukup, Yuh-Chin T. Huang. CEMALB, University of North Carolina and NHEERL, US EPA, Chapel Hill, North Ca...

  10. VANADL SULFATE INHIBITS NO PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENTIALLY REGULATING SERINE/THREONINE PHOSPHORYLATION OF ENOS

    EPA Science Inventory

    VANADYL SULFATE INHIBITS NO PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENTIALLY REGULATING SERINE/THREONINE PHOSPHORYLATION OF eNOS. Zhuowei Li, Jacqueline D. Carter, Lisa A. Dailey, Joleen Soukup, Yuh-Chin T. Huang. CEMALB, University of North Carolina and ORD, US EPA, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
    V...

  11. DETECT: A MATLAB Toolbox for Event Detection and Identification in Time Series, with Applications to Artifact Detection in EEG Signals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-24

    newborn infants [5] as well as the monitoring of fatigue in prolonged driving simulations [6]. In many of these settings, the experiments may last...Automatic burst detection for the EEG of the preterm infant . Physiol Meas 32: 1623. doi:10.1088/0967–3334/32/10/010. 6. Chin-Teng Lin, Che-Jui Chang, Bor

  12. Comparison of gene expression profiles in cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea) under strong artificial selection

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Over the past five decades, cultivated peanut in China has been subjected to strong artificial selection in breeding programs. To investigate the impact of artificial selection on expression diversity, we compared gene expression profiles in pod and leaf of five widespread cultivars in Southern Chin...

  13. Blast Waves Generated by Accidental Explosions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    Engineering Approach to Blast Resistant Design," Proc ASChE 79 Separate No. 309 (19S3). Strchlow, R. A., and Rlcker, R. E., Loss Prevention It...S., Guirao, C. M. , Chin, K. W., and Bach, G. C., Loss Prevention, 1U, 59-70 (1977). 16. Taylor, G. I., Proc. Roy. Soc, A 186, 273-92 ( 1946 ). 17

  14. Effects of Manual Negative Accentuated Resistance on Strength and/or Muscular Endurance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Robert M.

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of manual negative accentuated resistance on strength and/or muscular endurance. Three strength and/or muscular endurance tests were administered to male and female physical education majors enrolled in a required exercise class at the beginning and end of the semester. Push-ups, chin-ups, and…

  15. Toward a Paradigm of Educational Change: The Role of Management Information Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonds, Richard Shelton

    The paradigm and model presented in this paper, influenced by the Havelock's "linkage" model and Chin's "changing" model, aim to assist educators in determing directions of change using a selection of managerial and behavioral techniques, and to regulate the rate of change using management information and control systems. The generic paradigm…

  16. URBAN PARTICLE-INDUCED PULMONARY ARTERY CONSTRUCTION IS MEDIATED BY SUPEROXIDE PRODUCTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    URBAN PARTICLE-INDUCED PULMONARY ARTERY CONSTRICTION IS MEDIATED BY SUPEROXIDE PRODUCTION.Jacqueline D. Carter, Zhuowei Li, Lisa A. Dailey, Yuh-Chin T. Huang. CEMALB, University of North Carolina, and ORD, US EPA, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

    Exposure to particulate matter...

  17. The Development of an Automated Armor Data Base - Phase 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-09-01

    success of this program task. ARL/XD Michael Castro Shun-Chin Chou Dennis Gosselin Robert Muldoon Joseph Prifti Karl Salomon Anthone Zarkades CSTA William ...ATTN: DTIC-FDAC 1 MIA/ CINDAS , Purdue University, 2595 Yeager Road, West Lafayette, IN 47905 Commander, Army Research Office, P.O. Box ’ 2211, Research

  18. Insecure Commitment and Resistance: An Examination of Change Leadership, Self-Efficacy, and Trust on the Relationship between Job Insecurity, Employee Commitment, and Resistance to Organizational Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert Elijah

    2013-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the mediation role of self-efficacy and the moderating roles of change leadership strategy and trust on the change attitudes of job insecure employees. Using job insecurity theory (Greenhalgh, 1983), Chin & Benne's (1961) seminal classification of change leadership strategies and the tripartite model of…

  19. Timing of hummingbird migration in southeastern Arizona: implications for conservation

    Treesearch

    Susan M. Wethington; Stephen M. Russell; George C. West

    2005-01-01

    We examined the distribution and abundance of hummingbirds at three study sites in southeastern Arizona, where over 8,000 individuals of twelve species were banded. Banding occurred at two sites in the early 1990s and is currently active at the third. Anna’s (Calype anna), Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri), and...

  20. Feasibility test on green energy harvesting from physical exercise devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mustafi, Nirendra N.; Mourshed, M.; Masud, M. H.; Hossain, M. S.; Kamal, M. R.

    2017-06-01

    The demand of power is increasing day by day due to the increase of world population as well as the industrialization and modernization. Depletion of the world's fossil fuel reserves and the adverse effects of their uses on the environment insist the researchers to find out some means of efficient and cost effective alternative energy sources from small to large scales. In a gymnasium the human metabolism power is used to drive the physical exercise devices. However there are a number of exercise device which can have the potential to generate electricity during physical exercise. By converting the available mechanical energy from these exercise devices into kinetic energy, electric power can be produced. In this work, energy was harvested from the most commonly used physical exercise devices used in the gymnasium - paddling and chin up. The paddle pulley and the chin up pulley were connected to the couple pulley which in turn coupled to an alternator by a V-belt to produce electrical energy and a rechargeable battery was used to store electrical energy. The power generation from the device depends upon the speed at which the alternator runs and the age limit. The electrical energy output was observed 83.6 watt at 1300 rpm and 62.5 watt at1150 rpm alternator speed for the paddling and chin up respectively recorded for an average adult. The device was designed for a constant 49N load on the alternator for both paddling and chin up operation. By running each of these devices for about 12 hours in a day, any gymnasium can avoid burning of almost 23.67 kg and 31.6 kg of diesel fuel per year for chin up and paddling respectively. Also it can cut off the CO2 emission to the environment which reveals itself a standalone green micro gym.

  1. Photographic Facial Soft Tissue Analysis by Means of Linear and Angular Measurements in an Adolescent Persian Population

    PubMed Central

    Moshkelgosha, Vahid; Fathinejad, Sheida; Pakizeh, Zeinab; Shamsa, Mohammad; Golkari, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Objective : To obtain objective average measurements of the profile and frontal facial soft tissue to be used as a guide for aesthetic treatment goals. Methods and Materials : This observational study included 110 females and 130 males high school students aged 16-18 years. None of the subjects had any facial deformities. All of them and their parents gave consent to take part in this study. In each case, two standard photographs of profile and frontal views were taken 27 landmarks were digitized on photographs. The mean, standard deviation, and range for a total of 43 facial indices were calculated digitally by computer software. The Student’s t-test was used to compare males and females. Results : The ratio between the lower and middle facial thirds was one to one, but the height of the upper facial third was proportionally smaller than the other two-thirds in both sexes. Boys had greater nasal length, depth, and prominence than girls with statistically significant differences. Both upper and lower lips were more prominent in girls than in boys. All measurements of the chin showed sexual dimorphism characterized by greater chin height and prominence and deeper mentolabial sulcus. Boys had greater facial dimensions than girls. Mouth width, nasal base width, and intercanthal distance were significantly greater in boys. Conclusion : The labial, nasal, and chin areas showed sexual dimorphism in most of the parameters used in this study. Boys had larger faces, greater facial heights, longer nasal, labial, and chin lengths, and greater nasal, labial, and chin prominence. PMID:26464606

  2. One-trial object recognition memory in the domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is disrupted by NMDA receptor antagonists.

    PubMed

    Hoffman, Kurt Leroy; Basurto, Enrique

    2013-08-01

    The spontaneous response to novelty is the basis of one-trial object recognition tests for the study of object recognition memory (ORM) in rodents. We describe an object recognition task for the rabbit, based on its natural tendency to scent-mark ("chin") novel objects. The object recognition task comprised a 15min sample phase in which the rabbit was placed into an open field arena containing two similar objects, then removed for a 5-360min delay, and then returned to the same arena that contained one object similar to the original ones ("Familiar") and one that differed from the original ones ("Novel"), for a 15min test phase. Chin-marks directed at each of the objects were registered. Some animals received injections (sc) of saline, ketamine (1mg/kg), or MK-801 (37μg/kg), 5 or 20min before the sample phase. We found that chinning decreased across the sample phase, and that this response showed stimulus specificity, a defining characteristic of habituation: in the test phase, chinning directed at the Novel, but not Familiar, object was increased. Chinning directed preferentially at the novel object, which we interpret as novelty-induced sensitization and the behavioral correlate of ORM, was promoted by tactile/visual and spatial novelty. ORM deficits were induced by pre-treatment with MK-801 and, to a lesser extent, ketamine. Novel object discrimination was not observed after delays longer than 5min. These results suggest that short-term habituation and sensitization, not long-term memory, underlie novel object discrimination in this test paradigm.

  3. Face tissue pressure in prone positioning: a comparison of three face pillows while in the prone position for spinal surgery.

    PubMed

    Grisell, Margaret; Place, Howard M

    2008-12-15

    This is a prospective, randomized study. The purpose was to compare the tissue-pillow interface pressures at the forehead and chin in patients positioned in the prone fashion for spinal surgery on each of 3 facial positioners. Facial pressure ulcers have been infrequently observed after spinal surgery requiring prone positioning. This requires the use of a specially designed head positioner to maintain spinal alignment and to allow space for the endotracheal tube. We enrolled 66 consecutive elective thoracic and/or lumbar surgery patients from 18 to 65 years of age. Patients were randomized on entry into the study to 1 of 3 positioners. Facial tissue pressures were measured at the patient's forehead and chin at times 0, 5, 15, and 60 minutes of positioning. The integrity of the patient's skin was recorded and classified at the end of surgery. The pressures measured for the Dupaco positioner were lower at all time points at both the forehead and the chin in comparison with the other 2 positioners (P < 0.05). The ROHO and the OSI positioners created similar chin pressures at all time points (P > 0.05). The pressures at the forehead for the ROHO positioner were significantly less than those for the OSI positioner at all time points (P < 0.05). Ten patients on the OSI positioner had pressure ulcers at the end of the procedure. The Dupaco ProneView Protective Helmet System is superior to both the OSI and the ROHO positioners in decreasing forehead and chin tissue interface pressures during prone position surgery.

  4. Kinetic aspects of ultrasound-accelerated lipase catalyzed acetylation and optimal synthesis of 4'-acetoxyresveratrol.

    PubMed

    Kuo, Chia-Hung; Hsiao, Fang-Wen; Chen, Jiann-Hwa; Hsieh, Chang-Wei; Liu, Yung-Chuan; Shieh, Chwen-Jen

    2013-01-01

    Ultrasonic assistance of lipase (Candida antarctica; Novozym® 435) catalyzed synthesis of 4'-acetoxyresveratrol from resveratrol and vinyl acetate was investigated. Response surface methodology and a three-level-three-factor Box-Behnken design were adopted to evaluate the effects of synthesis variables, including reaction time (4-12h), enzyme amount (2500-4500PLU), and ultrasonic power (90-150 W) on the percentage molar conversion of 4'-acetoxyresveratrol. Based on ridge max analysis, the optimum conditions for synthesis were: reaction time 10.78 h, enzyme amount 5492PLU, and ultrasonic power 147.8 W. With ultrasound assistance, not only the phenolic compound acetylation time decreased, but also a high yield (95.2%) was achieved. The reaction kinetic model agreed with Ping-Pong mechanism, and the apparent kinetic constant V(m)(')/K(2) ratio related to enzyme performance was 2.4 times higher in the ultrasound-assisted reaction than in the mechanical-mixing reaction. The apparent kinetic constant K(2) indicated that ultrasound enhanced the vinyl acetate affinity to the enzyme. The simplified Ping-Pong kinetic model was employed to simulate 4'-acetoxyresveratrol production in batch reaction. It was found that a good prediction existed between the fitting results and the experimental data. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Kinetic mechanisms of the A and B isozymes of O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase from Salmonella typhimurium LT-2 using the natural and alternative reactants.

    PubMed

    Tai, C H; Nalabolu, S R; Jacobson, T M; Minter, D E; Cook, P F

    1993-06-29

    The resonance-stabilized quinonoid 5-mercapto-2-nitrobenzoate (TNB) is a substrate for O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase-A (OASS-A) and -B (OASS-B), giving rise to the product S-(3-carboxy-4-nitrophenyl)-L-cysteine (S-CNP-cysteine) as confirmed by ultraviolet-visible and 1H NMR spectroscopies. A comparison of the kinetics of OASS-A and OASS-B indicates that the mechanism proceeds predominantly via a bi-bi ping pong kinetic mechanism as suggested by an initial velocity pattern consisting of parallel lines at low concentrations of reactants, but competitive inhibition by both substrates as the reactant concentrations are increased. Thus, in the first half-reaction, O-acetyl-L-serine (OAS) or beta-chloro-L-alanine (BCA) is converted to alpha-aminoacrylate in Schiff base with the active site pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, while in the second half-reaction cysteine (with sulfide as the reactant) or S-CNP-cysteine (with TNB as the reactant) is formed. The ping pong mechanism is corroborated by a qualitative and quantitative analysis of product and dead-end inhibition. Product inhibition by acetate is S-parabolic noncompetitive. These data are consistent with acetate reversing the first half-reaction and producing more free enzyme to which acetate may also bind. Thus, there may be some randomness to the mechanism at high concentrations of the nucleophilic substrate.

  6. Energy Expenditure and Intensity in Healthy Young Adults during Exergaming.

    PubMed

    Wu, Pei-Tzu; Wu, Wen-Lan; Chu, I-Hua

    2015-07-01

    To examine and compare the energy expenditure (EE) and intensity of Xbox 360 Kinect exergames in healthy young adults. Seventeen young adults (22.0 ± 2.9 years; 7 men) were enrolled and asked to complete 6 exergames using Xbox 360 Kinect. Oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate (HR) were measured throughout each exergame, and metabolic equivalents (METs) and EE were calculated from VO2. Boxing (6.8 ± 1.9 METs) and soccer (6.2 ± 1.7 METs) provided vigorous intensity of physical activity, which was significantly greater than track and field, ping-pong, and bowling (5.0 ± 1.5, 4.0 ± 1.6, and 2.6 ± 0.8 METs, respectively; all p < .01). Beach volleyball (5.7 ± 1.8 METs) was greater than ping-pong and bowling (both p < .01). EE exhibited a similar pattern. These results remained after adjusting for participants' previous exergaming experience and resting HR. Kinect Sports from Xbox 360 Kinect is capable of providing a moderate-to-vigorous level of physical activity in young healthy adults. These exergames may be used as an alternative mode of exercise to promote physical activity participation in this population. Future research that evaluates the feasibility of using exergames as an alternative mode of exercise in other populations is warranted.

  7. Decentralized Cooperation Strategies in Two-Dimensional Traffic of Cellular Automata

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Jun; Qin, Zheng; Chen, Xi-Qun; Leng, Biao; Xu, Zhao-Hui; Jiang, Zi-Neng

    2012-12-01

    We study the two-dimensional traffic of cellular automata using computer simulation. We propose two type of decentralized cooperation strategies, which are called stepping aside (CS-SA) and choosing alternative routes (CS-CAR) respectively. We introduce them into an existing two-dimensional cellular automata (CA) model. CS-SA is designed to prohibit a kind of ping-pong jump when two objects standing together try to move in opposite directions. CS-CAR is designed to change the solution of conflict in parallel update. CS-CAR encourages the objects involved in parallel conflicts choose their alternative routes instead of waiting. We also combine the two cooperation strategies (CS-SA-CAR) to test their combined effects. It is found that the system keeps on a partial jam phase with nonzero velocity and flow until the density reaches one. The ratios of the ping-pong jump and the waiting objects involved in conflict are decreased obviously, especially at the free phase. And the average flow is improved by the three cooperation strategies. Although the average travel time is lengthened a bit by CS-CAR, it is shorten by CS-SA and CS-SA-CAR. In addition, we discuss the advantage and applicability of decentralized cooperation modeling.

  8. Establishment of Diagnostic Doses of Five Pyrethroids for Monitoring Physiological Resistance in Aedes Albopictus in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Thanispong, Kanutcharee; Sathantriphop, Sunaiyana; Malaithong, Naritsara; Bangs, Michael J; Chareonviriyaphap, Theeraphap

    2015-12-01

    Monitoring insecticide resistance of Aedes albopictus is required for implementing effective dengue and chikungunya vector control in Thailand. The World Health Organization standard susceptibility test for adult mosquitoes was used to determine the baseline susceptibility of a pyrethroid-susceptible laboratory strain of Ae. albopictus to 5 different pyrethroids (deltamethrin, permethrin, bifenthrin, cypermethrin, and α-cypermethrin). Subsequently, the respective established diagnostic doses (0.026% deltamethrin, 1.024% permethrin, 0.570% bifenthrin, 0.237% cypermethrin, and 0.035% α-cypermethrin) were used to test field-collected Ae. albopictus from Rayong, Koh Chang, and Pong Nom Ron. As expected, the laboratory strain was completely susceptible to all pyrethroid insecticides at the established concentrations. Rayong mosquitoes were found to be highly susceptible to bifenthrin, cypermethrin, and α-cypermethrin. Koh Chang mosquitoes were susceptible to only deltamethrin and permethrin. Pong Nom Ron mosquitoes were resistant to all pyrethroids tested. Routine assessment of these baseline results should guide future resistance monitoring to pyrethroid insecticides in Ae. albopictus in Thailand.

  9. Playback system designed for X-Band SAR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuquan, Liu; Changyong, Dou

    2014-03-01

    SAR(Synthetic Aperture Radar) has extensive application because it is daylight and weather independent. In particular, X-Band SAR strip map, designed by Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, provides high ground resolution images, at the same time it has a large spatial coverage and a short acquisition time, so it is promising in multi-applications. When sudden disaster comes, the emergency situation acquires radar signal data and image as soon as possible, in order to take action to reduce loss and save lives in the first time. This paper summarizes a type of X-Band SAR playback processing system designed for disaster response and scientific needs. It describes SAR data workflow includes the payload data transmission and reception process. Playback processing system completes signal analysis on the original data, providing SAR level 0 products and quick image. Gigabit network promises radar signal transmission efficiency from recorder to calculation unit. Multi-thread parallel computing and ping pong operation can ensure computation speed. Through gigabit network, multi-thread parallel computing and ping pong operation, high speed data transmission and processing meet the SAR radar data playback real time requirement.

  10. Action-specific effects in a social context: others' abilities influence perceived speed.

    PubMed

    Witt, Jessica K; Sugovic, Mila; Taylor, J Eric T

    2012-06-01

    According to the action-specific account of perception, perceivers see the environment relative to their ability to perform the intended action. For example, in a modified version of the computer game Pong, balls that were easier to block looked to be moving slower than balls that were more difficult to block (Witt & Sugovic, 2010). It is unknown, however, if perception can be influenced by another person's abilities. In the current experiment, we examined whether another person's ability to block a ball influenced the observer's perception of ball speed. Participants played and observed others play the modified version of Pong where the task was to successfully block the ball with paddles that varied in size, and both the actor and observer estimated the speed of the ball. The results showed that both judged the ball to be moving faster when it was harder to block. However, the same effect of difficulty on speed estimates was not found when observers watched a computer play, suggesting the effect is specific to people and not to the task. These studies suggest that the environment can be perceived relative to another person's abilities.

  11. Properties of soluble and membrane bound dopamine-beta-monooxygenase from bovine adrenal medulla cross-linked with dimethyl suberimidate.

    PubMed

    Miras-Portugal, M T; Millaruelo, A; Vara, F

    1980-12-10

    Bovine dopamine-beta-monooxygenase from chromaffin granules in its soluble and membrane-bound forms was cross-linked with the bifunctional reagent dimethyl suberimidate, and its structural and kinetic properties were studied. 1. The cross-linking reaction does not affect the activity of soluble dopamine-beta-monooxygenase; it produces a ten percent inactivation in the membrane-bound enzyme, possibly because the linkage to other membrane proteins hinders its activity. 2. The soluble dopamine-beta-monooxygenase reaction mixture was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis, showing appreciable amounts of dimer and tetramer, but only small amounts of trimer. In membrane-bound dopamine-beta-monooxygenase, subjected to the same treatment, appreciable amounts of dimer and higher aggregates were found. 3. The kinetic properties of soluble dopamine-beta-monooxygenase after the crosslinking reaction are the same as those of the native enzyme, with a ping-pong kinetic mechanism and the same real Michaelis constants for tyramine and ascorbate: KmT = 0.36 mM and KmA = 0.32 mM. Membrane-bound dopamine-beta-monooxygenase does not present a ping-pong mechanism before or after cross-linking; its real Michaelis constants are slightly modified by the cross-linking reaction: KmT = 0.4 mM and KMA = 0.4 mM.

  12. Summer Crop Classification by Multi-Temporal COSMO-SkyMed® Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guarini, Rocchina; Bruzzone, Lorenzo; Santoni, Massimo; Vuolo, Francesco; Luigi, Dini

    2016-08-01

    In this study, we propose a multi-temporal and multi- polarization approach to discriminate different crop types in the Marchefel region, Austria. The sensitivity of X-band COSMO-SkyMed® (CSK®) data with respect to five crop classes, namely carrot, corn, potato, soybean and sugarbeet is investigated. In particular, the capabilities of dual-polarization (StripMap PingPong) HH/HV, and single-polarization (StripMap Himage), HH and VH, in distinguishing among the five crop types are evaluated. A total of twenty-one Himage and ten PingPong images were acquired in a seven-months period, from April to October 2014. Therefore, the backscattering coefficient was extracted for each dataset and the classification was performed using a pixel-based support vector machine (SVM) approach. The accuracy of the obtained crop classifications was assessed by comparing them with ground truth. The dual-polarization results are contrasted between the HH and HV polarization, and with single-polarization ones (HH and VH polarizations). The best accuracy is obtained by using time-series of StripMap Himage data, at VH polarization, covering the whole season period.

  13. Noncoding RNA. piRNA-guided transposon cleavage initiates Zucchini-dependent, phased piRNA production.

    PubMed

    Han, Bo W; Wang, Wei; Li, Chengjian; Weng, Zhiping; Zamore, Phillip D

    2015-05-15

    PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) protect the animal germ line by silencing transposons. Primary piRNAs, generated from transcripts of genomic transposon "junkyards" (piRNA clusters), are amplified by the "ping-pong" pathway, yielding secondary piRNAs. We report that secondary piRNAs, bound to the PIWI protein Ago3, can initiate primary piRNA production from cleaved transposon RNAs. The first ~26 nucleotides (nt) of each cleaved RNA becomes a secondary piRNA, but the subsequent ~26 nt become the first in a series of phased primary piRNAs that bind Piwi, allowing piRNAs to spread beyond the site of RNA cleavage. The ping-pong pathway increases only the abundance of piRNAs, whereas production of phased primary piRNAs from cleaved transposon RNAs adds sequence diversity to the piRNA pool, allowing adaptation to changes in transposon sequence. Copyright © 2015, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  14. The effect of head and neck positions on oropharyngeal swallowing: a clinical and electrophysiologic study.

    PubMed

    Ertekin, C; Keskin, A; Kiylioglu, N; Kirazli, Y; On, A Y; Tarlaci, S; Aydoğdu, I

    2001-09-01

    To determine the clinical usefulness of an electrophysiologic method for evaluating dysphagia and to identify the effects of various head and neck positions on oropharyngeal swallowing. Experimental, with control group. An electromyography laboratory. Patients with neurogenic dysphagia (n = 51) and healthy controls (n = 24). Patients were divided into 2 groups: those patients with unilateral lower cranial lesions (n = 9) and those without laterality in the function of the oropharyngeal muscles (n = 42). Subjects were instructed to swallow doses of water, gradually increasing in quantity from 1 to 25 mL under 5 conditions: neutral, chin up, chin tucked, head rotated right, and head rotated left. Change in dysphagia limit through specified head and neck postures. Oropharyngeal swallowing was evaluated by laryngeal movements that were detected by a piezoelectric sensor and electromyography of the submental muscle complex. Laryngeal sensor signals occurring within 8 seconds of a swallow were accepted as a sign of the dysphagia limit. In the control group, dysphagia limit did not change significantly with changes in head and neck postures, except for the chin-up posture (p <.05) in which piecemeal deglutition occurred when subjects swallowed volumes less than 20 mL. Dysphagia limit improved significantly (p <.05) in 67% of the patients with unilateral lower cranial lesions when the head was rotated toward the paretic side. In dysphagic patients with bilateral symptoms, a significant (p <.01) improvement in dysphagia limit occurred in 50% of patients in chin-tuck position, but in the chin-up position, 55% of the patients experienced a significant (p <.01) decrease in dysphagia limit. The electrophysiologic method of measuring dysphagia limit confirms neurogenic dysphagia and its severity in the neutral head position. Changes in head and neck positions do not significantly alter dysphagia limit in unimpaired subjects except for the chin-up position. Although the results

  15. Combined Treatment with Botulinum Toxin and 595-nm Pulsed Dye Laser for Traumatic Scarring

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sang Ju; Jeong, Se Yeong; No, Yeon A; Kim, Beom Joo

    2015-01-01

    Traumatic scars on skin covering areas of high movement, especially areas on the face, can be stressful for patients. We report two cases of traumatic scars that occurred on the chin, and that were successfully treated with a combined therapy of 595-nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) and intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin. After the treatment, good cosmetic results were achieved in both patients. The only adverse effect during and after the treatments was mild pain, which resolved within several days without any additional treatment. In conclusion, the combination of 595-nm PDL and intramuscular botulinum toxin injection was shown to be a safe and effective treatment for traumatic scars on the mobile chin area in Korean patients. PMID:26719648

  16. Combined Treatment with Botulinum Toxin and 595-nm Pulsed Dye Laser for Traumatic Scarring.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sang Ju; Jeong, Se Yeong; No, Yeon A; Park, Kui Young; Kim, Beom Joo

    2015-12-01

    Traumatic scars on skin covering areas of high movement, especially areas on the face, can be stressful for patients. We report two cases of traumatic scars that occurred on the chin, and that were successfully treated with a combined therapy of 595-nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) and intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin. After the treatment, good cosmetic results were achieved in both patients. The only adverse effect during and after the treatments was mild pain, which resolved within several days without any additional treatment. In conclusion, the combination of 595-nm PDL and intramuscular botulinum toxin injection was shown to be a safe and effective treatment for traumatic scars on the mobile chin area in Korean patients.

  17. Efficacy of a novel swallowing exercise program for chronic dysphagia in long-term head and neck cancer survivors.

    PubMed

    Kraaijenga, Sophie A C; Molen, Lisette van der; Stuiver, Martijn M; Takes, Robert P; Al-Mamgani, Abrahim; Brekel, Michiel W M van den; Hilgers, Frans J M

    2017-10-01

    The efficacy of rehabilitative exercises for chronic dysphagia treatment in head and neck cancer survivors has not been studied extensively and is ambiguous. A prospective clinical phase II study using an intensive strength training program was carried out in 17 head and neck cancer survivors with chronic dysphagia. Both swallow and nonswallow exercises were performed for 6-8 weeks with a newly developed tool allowing for progressive muscle overload, including chin tuck, jaw opening, and effortful swallow exercises. Outcome parameters were feasibility, compliance, and parameters for effect. Feasibility in terms of the program completion rate was 88%. Compliance with the exercises was 97%. After the training period, chin tuck, jaw opening, and anterior tongue strength had substantially improved. All but 1 patient reported to benefit from the exercises. Feasibility and compliance were high. Some objective and subjective effects of progressive load on muscle strength and swallowing function could be demonstrated. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Anterior-inferior mandibular osteotomy in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

    PubMed

    Krekmanov, L; Andersson, L; Ringqvist, M; Wilhelmsson, B; Walker-Engström, M L; Tegelberg, A; Ringqvist, I

    1998-01-01

    In a prospective randomized study on treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, anterior-inferior mandibular osteotomy with the purpose of stretching the suprahyoidal muscle was performed as one of the treatment methods. Ten men aged 20 to 65 years, without cardiovascular or neurologic disease, with normal maxillomandibular relation, and having an apnea index between 5 and 25 were included in the study. After a specially designed osteotomy of the chin, the anterior suprahyoidal muscles were detached, stretched approximately 10 to 12 mm, and sutured. The chin was then placed in its original position and post-operative evaluation was performed. Although there were initial reports of decreased daytime sleepiness and less snoring after surgery, the results after 12 months were discouraging. Somnographic registration (apnea index, apnea/hypopnea index, and oxygen desaturation index) as well as cephalometric analysis failed to show positive results. Hence, suspension of the suprahyoidal muscles as a method of treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome cannot be recommended.

  19. Effects of asymmetric sitting on spinal balance.

    PubMed

    Woo, Hee Soon; Oh, Jong Chi; Won, Sung Yoon

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] To investigate the effects of two common asymmetric sitting positions on spinal balance. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-seven healthy subjects in their twenties were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups. Asymmetric positions of resting the chin on a hand and crossing the legs were performed by each group for 1 hour. After 1 hour, the subjects lay in the supine position again and spinal imbalance was measured using a device. [Results] After 1 hour of resting with the chin on a hand, sagittal imbalance, coronal imbalance, pelvic obliquity and lordosis angle presented spinal imbalance worsening of 1 hour of crossing legs, sagittal imbalance, pelvic torsion showed in mainly learned spinal imbalance living. [Conclusion] Good posture could be an innate ability, however it through habits. So this study is meaningful from the perspective of the importance of good posture.

  20. A case of linear lichen planus pigmentosus.

    PubMed

    Seo, Jong Keun; Lee, Hyun Jae; Lee, Deborah; Choi, Joon Hee; Sung, Ho-Suck

    2010-08-01

    Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is chronic pigmentary disorder that shows diffuse or reticulated hyperpigmented, dark brown macules on the sun-exposed areas such as the face, neck and other flexural folds. Clinically, it is different from classical lichen planus because LPP has a longer clinical course and it manifests with dark brown macules. In case of LPP, involvement of the scalp, nail or mucosal area is rare. The histopathological findings of the lesions show an atrophic epidermis, the presence of melanophages and a vacuolar alteration of the basal cell layer with a sparse lymphohistiocytic lichenoid infiltration. Although there have been a few reports of LPP, there have only 3 cases of linear LPP along the lines of Blaschko in the Korean dermatologic literature. Our patient had lesions on the neck and chin with a linear pattern. In this report, we describe a very rare case of LPP with a linear distribution related to Blaschko's lines on the neck and chin areas.

  1. Sex and age identification of palila

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jeffrey, J.J.; Fancy, S.G.; Lindsey, G.D.; Banko, P.C.; Pratt, T.K.; Jacobi, J.D.

    1993-01-01

    Methods to sex and age Palila (Loxioides bailleui), an endangered Hawaiian finch restricted to subalpine woodlands on Hawai'i, were identified on the basis of measurements and plumage characteristics of 17 museum specimens and 96 known-age, live Palila. Palila undergo a single annual molt during September-December following the breeding season. Presence of a complete or partial wingbar distinguishes hatch-year and second-year Palila from after-second-year birds. Adult male Palila are distinguished from females by a distinct napeline and lt 30% gray feathers intermixed with yellow feathers on the head. The black or gray feathers of the lores and chin of males are darker than those on the back, whereas the lores and chin of females are lighter or of the same shade as back feathers.

  2. Lightweight device to stimulate and monitor human vestibulo-ocular reflex

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McStravick, M. Catherine (Inventor); Proctor, David R. (Inventor); Wood, Scott J. (Inventor)

    1989-01-01

    A helmet formed of a rigid shell is disclosed. The shell is lined with several air filled bladders to contact firmly the head of a user. The shell has a rigid chin bar supporting a bite bar connected fixedly to a mouthpiece bearing against the teeth and hard palate to firmly anchor the helmet without movement. The outer shell surface supports various air pumping bulbs and accelerometers. Separate left and right visor pivot on the side guided in a central tongue and groove track to move optical lens mounts into the user's field of vision. The chin bar is connected to the shell by a pair of releasable clasps. A safety lanyard connects to the clasps to quickly pull pins from the clasps to enable quick release in case of motion sickness.

  3. Managing the Cutaneous Sinus Tract of Dental Origine

    PubMed Central

    Janev, Edvard; Redzep, Enis

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Draining cutaneous sinus tract in chin area may be caused by chronic periapical dental infections. Misdiagnosis of these lesions usually leads to destructive invasive treatment of the sinus tract that is not correct and curative. CASE REPORT: A 31-year-old male patient referred to us with a chronically draining lesion on his chin. The lesion previously was misdiagnosed by medical doctors and had undergone two times surgery with a focus on the skin lesion and had received antibiotic therapy for a prolonged period of time. After clinical and radiologic examination the dental origin of the lesion was evident and proper endodontic and surgical treatment was performed. Three months later, after the treatment, the lesion showed total healing and reoccurrence occurred. CONCLUSION: The key to successful treatment of cutaneous sinus tract of dental origin must be in appropriate communication between the dentist and the physician in order to achieve correct diagnosis and therapy in such cases. PMID:27703580

  4. Local ICA for the Most Wanted face recognition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guan, Xin; Szu, Harold H.; Markowitz, Zvi

    2000-04-01

    Facial disguises of FBI Most Wanted criminals are inevitable and anticipated in our design of automatic/aided target recognition (ATR) imaging systems. For example, man's facial hairs may hide his mouth and chin but not necessarily the nose and eyes. Sunglasses will cover the eyes but not the nose, mouth, and chins. This fact motivates us to build sets of the independent component analyses bases separately for each facial region of the entire alleged criminal group. Then, given an alleged criminal face, collective votes are obtained from all facial regions in terms of 'yes, no, abstain' and are tallied for a potential alarm. Moreover, and innocent outside shall fall below the alarm threshold and is allowed to pass the checkpoint. Such a PD versus FAR called ROC curve is obtained.

  5. A case of juvenile hyaline fibromatosis.

    PubMed

    Yayli, Savaş; Uncu, Sibel; Alpay, Köksal; Yildiz, Kadriye; Cimşit, Gülseren; Bahadir, Sevgi

    2006-04-01

    Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis (JHF) is a rare, autosomally-recessive disease characterized by papulonodular skin lesions, soft tissue masses, joint contractures, gingival hypertrophy and osteolytic bone lesions. Its onset is in infancy or early childhood. The most commonly affected sites are the nose, chin, ears, scalp, back and knees. The accumulation of an amorphous, hyaline material is typical in the skin and the other organs. Herein, we report a 14-month-old boy who presented with confluent pink papules on the paranasal folds and the chin, and nodular lesions on the periauricular and perianal regions. He had gingival hypertrophy and contractures of the shoulders, knees and elbows. He also had third-degree consanguineous parents. Histopathological studies confirmed the diagnosis of JHF with the presence of increased numbers of fibroblasts embedded in a hyalinized connective tissue stroma.

  6. Unusual complication after genioplasty.

    PubMed

    Avelar, Rafael Linard; Sá, Carlos Diego Lopes; Esses, Diego Felipe Silveira; Becker, Otávio Emmel; Soares, Eduardo Costa Studart; de Oliveira, Rogerio Belle

    2014-01-01

    Facial beauty depends on shape, proportion, and harmony between the facial thirds. The chin is one of the most important components of the inferior third and has an important role on the definition of facial aesthetic and harmony in both frontal and lateral views. There are 2 principal therapeutic approaches that one can choose to treat mental deformities, alloplastic implants, and mental basilar ostectomy, also known as genioplasty. The latest is more commonly used because of great versatility in the correction of three-dimensional deformities of the chin and smaller taxes of postoperative complications. Possible transoperative and postoperative complications of genioplasty include mental nerve lesion, bleeding, damage to tooth roots, bone resorption of the mobilized segment, mandibular fracture, ptosis of the lower lip, and failure to stabilize the ostectomized segment. The study presents 2 cases of displacement of the osteotomized segment after genioplasty associated with facial trauma during postoperative orthognathic surgery followed by rare complications with no reports in the literature.

  7. Effects of interaction range and compressibility on the microphase separation of diblock copolymers: Mean-field analysis.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qiang

    2008-08-07

    Using the random-phase approximation and self-consistent field calculations, we have investigated the effects of finite interaction range and compressibility on the order-disorder transition (ODT) and the lamellar structure of symmetric diblock copolymers. While the compressibility does not affect the ODT, both the values of chiN and bulk lamellar period at the ODT increase with increasing interaction range. On the other hand, both the free-energy density and bulk period of the lamellae increase with either increasing interaction range or decreasing compressibility. Even with a finite compressibility, the mean-field ODT is still a second-order phase transition. The scaling exponent of bulk lamellar period with chiN, however, decreases with increasing compressibility. Our mean-field analysis provides a well understood reference for the study of fluctuation effects in diblock copolymers with finite interaction range and compressibility.

  8. Orocutaneous Fistula or Traumatic Infectious Skin Lesion: A Diagnostic Dilemma

    PubMed Central

    Vermani, Mayank; Kalia, Vimal; Singh, Sumita; Garg, Sunny; Aggarwal, Shweta; Khurana, Richa; Kalra, Geeta

    2015-01-01

    Orocutaneous fistula (OCF) (of dental origin) is an uncommon but well-described condition in the literature. These are often misdiagnosed by physicians and dentists. Careful selection of investigating modality is important in case of diagnostically challenging cases. A 19-year-old female came with a complaint of a lesion on the chin reported with h/o trauma with the impact on chin presented as diagnostic dilemma because of unusual case history and clinical examination. Commonly used radiographic investigations like IOPA and orthopantomograph did not resolve the dilemma whereas advanced imaging modality like CT scan, 3D volume imaging, and contrast enhanced CT played an important role in the diagnosis of OCF and selecting the treatment plan. PMID:26618009

  9. Penning trap mass measurement of 72Br

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valverde, A. A.; Bollen, G.; Cooper, K.; Eibach, M.; Gulyuz, K.; Izzo, C.; Morrissey, D. J.; Ringle, R.; Sandler, R.; Schwarz, S.; Sumithrarachchi, C. S.; Villari, A. C. C.

    2015-03-01

    The Low Energy Beam and Ion Trap (LEBIT) Penning trap mass spectrometer was used to perform an improved-precision mass measurement of 72Br and the low-lying isomeric state, Brm72, giving mass excesses of -59 062.2 (1.0 )keV and -58 960.9 (1.2 )keV , respectively. These values are consistent with the values from the 2012 atomic mass evaluation [Chin. Phys. C 36, 1603 (2012), 10.1088/1674-1137/36/12/003] and the Nubase2012 evaluation of nuclear properties [Chin. Phys. C 36, 1157 (2012), 10.1088/1674-1137/36/12/001]. The uncertainties on the mass of the ground state and isomeric state have been reduced by a factor of seven.

  10. A study of the SMC cluster NGC 330

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiosi, C.; Vallenari, A.; Fagotto, F.; Bertelli, G.; Bressan, A.; Nasi, E.

    1993-03-01

    We analyze the properties of the SMC cluster NGC 330 on the basis of a new CMD and of published effective temperatures and bolometric magnitudes for a smaller sample of stars (Caloi et al 1993, Stothers & Chin 1992a,b) to check for the kind of mixing taking place in massive stars. The existence of a few stars in the so-called HR gap led Stothers & Chin (1993) to claim that only models with semiconvective mixing and OPAL could match the HR diagram, whereas induced Caloi et al (1993) to conclude that neither semiconvective nor overshoot models are suited. The careful analysis of this cluster with new stellar models indicates that 1) models with convective overshoot and models with semiconvection can both explain the gross features of the HR diagram, 2) models with overshoot ought to be preferred.

  11. A study of the SMC cluster NGC 330.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiosi, C.; Vallenari, A.; Fagotto, F.; Bertelli, G.; Bressan, A.; Nasi, E.

    The authors analyze the properties of the SMC cluster NGC 330 on the basis of a new CMD and of published effective temperatures and bolometric magnitudes for a smaller sample of stars (Caloi et al., 1993; Stothers and Chin, 1992) to check for the kind of mixing taking place in massive stars. The existence of a few stars in the so-called HR gap led Stothers and Chin (1993) to claim that only models with semiconvective mixing and OPAL could match the HR diagram, whereas Caloi et al. (1993) induced to conclude that neither semiconvective nor overshoot models are suited. The careful analysis of this cluster with new stellar models indicates that (1) models with convective overshoot and models with semiconvection can both explain the gross features of the HR diagram, (2) models with overshoot ought to be preferred.

  12. The "baseball cap orthosis": a simple solution for dropped head syndrome.

    PubMed

    Fast, Avital; Thomas, Mark A

    2008-01-01

    Dropped head syndrome (DHS) is a well-recognized condition characterized by gradual sagging of the head. At the extreme, the condition may lead to a "chin on chest deformity" where the chin rests on the chest wall and the patient is unable to look straight ahead. Dropped head syndrome tends to develop in patients with severe weakness of the neck extensors. Various neuromuscular disorders and surgical procedures may compromise the stability of the cervical spine and lead to this disorder. The condition may severely compromise the patient's quality of life and result in significant disability. A simple device-the "baseball cap orthosis"-was developed to help patients maintain their head in the upright position. Two patients with DHS who were provided with the baseball cap orthosis are presented.

  13. Gnatophyma - A rare form of rosacea*

    PubMed Central

    de Macedo, Ana Carolina Lisboa; Sakai, Fernanda Dias Pacheco; de Vasconcelos, Rossana Cantanhede Farias; Duarte, Artur Antonio

    2012-01-01

    Phyma is the last stage of rosacea and is due to chronic inflammation and edema. It can affect nose (rhinophyma), chin (gnatophyma), forehead (metophyma), ears (otophyma) and eyelids (blepharophyma). Rhinophyma is the most frequent location and there are few reports about gnatophyma. We report the case of a female patient, 41 years old, who had an infiltrated, erythematous, edematous plaque around the chin and lower lip for two years. Histopathology showed perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate, hypertrophied follicles and sebaceous glands, dilated vessels and fibrosis. She was treated with oral tetracycline, oral ivermectin and metronidazole cream with a satisfactory response. The clinical, histopathological and therapeutic response correlation confirmed the diagnosis of gnatophyma, a rare variant of phyma. PMID:23197212

  14. Effects of genioglossal muscle advancement on speech: an acoustic study of vowel sounds.

    PubMed

    Vähätalo, Kimmo; Laaksonen, Juha-Pertti; Tamminen, Henna; Aaltonen, Olli; Happonen, Risto-Pekka

    2005-04-01

    The effects of the genioglossal muscle advancement on phonetic quality of speech were studied analyzing the acoustic features of vowel sounds. The study group consisted of 5 men suffering from partial upper airway obstruction during sleep. To prevent tongue base collapse, genioglossal muscle advancement was made with chin osteotomy without hyoid myotomy and suspension. The speech material consisted of 8 vowels produced in sentence context repeated 10 times before the operation, and 10 days and 6 weeks after the operation. The acoustic features of vowels were analyzed. The operation had no significant effects on vowel quality. Only for 2 of the subjects the pitches changed systematically due to the operation. According to the acoustic analysis, genioglossal muscle advancement with chin osteotomy has no effects on vowel production. Some short-term changes were observed, but these changes were highly individual. The operation seems to have no potential to change vowel production.

  15. Sensory Hairs in the Bowhead Whale, Balaena mysticetus (Cetacea, Mammalia).

    PubMed

    Drake, Summer E; Crish, Samuel D; George, John C; Stimmelmayr, Raphaella; Thewissen, J G M

    2015-07-01

    We studied the histology and morphometrics of the hairs of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus). These whales are hairless except for two patches of more than 300 hairs on the rostral tip of the lower lip and chin, the rostral tip of the upper lip, and a bilateral row of approximately ten hairs caudal to the blowhole. Histological data indicate that hairs in all three of these areas are vibrissae: they show an outermost connective tissue capsule, a circumferential blood sinus system surrounding the hair shaft, and dense innervation to the follicle. Morphometric data were collected on hair diameters, epidermal recess diameters, hair follicle length, and external hair lengths. The main difference between the hairs in the different regions is that blowhole hairs have larger diameters than the hairs in the chin and rostrum regions. We speculate that the hair shaft thickness patterns in bowheads reflect functional specializations.

  16. Biphasic Kinetic Behavior of E. coli WrbA, an FMN-Dependent NAD(P)H:Quinone Oxidoreductase

    PubMed Central

    Kishko, Iryna; Harish, Balasubramanian; Zayats, Vasilina; Reha, David; Tenner, Brian; Beri, Dhananjay; Gustavsson, Tobias; Ettrich, Rüdiger; Carey, Jannette

    2012-01-01

    The E. coli protein WrbA is an FMN-dependent NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase that has been implicated in oxidative defense. Three subunits of the tetrameric enzyme contribute to each of four identical, cavernous active sites that appear to accommodate NAD(P)H or various quinones, but not simultaneously, suggesting an obligate tetramer with a ping-pong mechanism in which NAD departs before oxidized quinone binds. The present work was undertaken to evaluate these suggestions and to characterize the kinetic behavior of WrbA. Steady-state kinetics results reveal that WrbA conforms to a ping-pong mechanism with respect to the constancy of the apparent Vmax to Km ratio with substrate concentration. However, the competitive/non-competitive patterns of product inhibition, though consistent with the general class of bi-substrate reactions, do not exclude a minor contribution from additional forms of the enzyme. NMR results support the presence of additional enzyme forms. Docking and energy calculations find that electron-transfer-competent binding sites for NADH and benzoquinone present severe steric overlap, consistent with the ping-pong mechanism. Unexpectedly, plots of initial velocity as a function of either NADH or benzoquinone concentration present one or two Michaelis-Menten phases depending on the temperature at which the enzyme is held prior to assay. The effect of temperature is reversible, suggesting an intramolecular conformational process. WrbA shares these and other details of its kinetic behavior with mammalian DT-diaphorase, an FAD-dependent NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase. An extensive literature review reveals several other enzymes with two-plateau kinetic plots, but in no case has a molecular explanation been elucidated. Preliminary sedimentation velocity analysis of WrbA indicates a large shift in size of the multimer with temperature, suggesting that subunit assembly coupled to substrate binding may underlie the two-plateau behavior. An additional aim of

  17. Transposition of the Tourist-MITE mPing in yeast: an assay that retains key features of catalysis by the class 2 PIF/Harbinger superfamily

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background PIF/Harbinger is the most recently discovered DNA transposon superfamily and is now known to populate genomes from fungi to plants to animals. Mobilization of superfamily members requires two separate element-encoded proteins (ORF1 and TPase). Members of this superfamily also mobilize Tourist-like miniature inverted repeat transposable elements (MITEs), which are the most abundant transposable elements associated with the genes of plants, especially the cereal grasses. The phylogenetic analysis of many plant genomes indicates that MITEs can amplify rapidly from one or a few elements to hundreds or thousands. The most active DNA transposon identified to date in plants or animals is mPing, a rice Tourist-like MITE that is a deletion derivative of the autonomous Ping element. Ping and the closely related Pong are the only known naturally active PIF/Harbinger elements. Some rice strains accumulate ~40 new mPing insertions per plant per generation. In this study we report the development of a yeast transposition assay as a first step in deciphering the mechanism underlying the amplification of Tourist-MITEs. Results The ORF1 and TPase proteins encoded by Ping and Pong have been shown to mobilize mPing in rice and in transgenic Arabidopsis. Initial tests of the native proteins in a yeast assay resulted in very low transposition. Significantly higher activities were obtained by mutation of a putative nuclear export signal (NES) in the TPase that increased the amount of TPase in the nucleus. When introduced into Arabidopsis, the NES mutant protein also catalyzed higher frequencies of mPing excision from the gfp reporter gene. Our yeast assay retains key features of excision and insertion of mPing including precise excision, extended insertion sequence preference, and a requirement for two proteins that can come from either Ping or Pong or both elements. Conclusions The yeast transposition assay provides a robust platform for analysis of the mechanism underlying

  18. Paraliparis hawaiiensis, a new species of snailfish (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) and the first described from the Hawaiian Archipelago.

    PubMed

    Stein, D L; Drazen, J C

    2014-05-01

    Paraliparis hawaiiensis n.sp. is described from the north-western Hawaiian Islands from two specimens collected at 2196 and 3055 m. It differs from other North Pacific Ocean species in its chin pore arrangement, tooth pattern and body proportions. Although liparid specimens have previously been collected from Hawaii, they were undescribed and are now lost. Therefore, this is the first liparid species described from the archipelago. In situ photographs of Hawaiian snailfishes are also shown and discussed here.

  19. Correction of a mandibular asymmetry after fibula reconstruction using a custom-made polyetheretherketone (PEEK) onlay after implant supported occlusal rehabilitation.

    PubMed

    Berrone, M; Aldiano, C; Pentenero, M; Berrone, S

    2015-10-01

    This study describes an unusual case of mandibular asymmetry after fibula free flap reconstruction in a young man following major facial trauma that was corrected using a custom-made polyetheretherketone prosthesis. There is little information in the literature on the use of alloplasts to correct mandibular asymmetry as interest in 'aesthetic re-modelling' has traditionally focused on nasal, zygomatic and chin regions. This report demonstrates that this technique can be used successfully to address selected cases of mandibular asymmetry.

  20. Facial appearance following surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

    PubMed

    Goodday, Reginald; Gregoire, Curtis

    2008-05-01

    Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a serious medical condition that is associated with numerous negative health side effects. The general dentist plays an invaluable role in identifying patients with this condition. Certain OSAS patients receive significant medical and social benefits from orthognathic surgery to advance the maxilla, mandible, and chin. Anterior positioning of the maxilla and mandible is not only highly successful for curing OSAS but also results in favorable facial esthetic changes.