Sample records for class action lawsuit

  1. Retirement Plan Lawsuits: Preparing for the Storm

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morahan, John; Turner, Aaron

    2017-01-01

    Currently, higher education is being roiled by class-action lawsuits filed against high-profile institutions, including MIT, Yale and New York University, over management of their retirement plans. As the lawyers are deployed and the billable hours accrue, it is timely to examine how those who have responsibility for retirement plan…

  2. 8 CFR 245a.14 - Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... alien must provide with the application for LIFE Legalization evidence establishing that, before October... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit. 245a.14 Section 245a.14 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  3. 8 CFR 245a.14 - Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... alien must provide with the application for LIFE Legalization evidence establishing that, before October... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit. 245a.14 Section 245a.14 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  4. 8 CFR 245a.14 - Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... alien must provide with the application for LIFE Legalization evidence establishing that, before October... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit. 245a.14 Section 245a.14 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  5. 8 CFR 245a.14 - Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... alien must provide with the application for LIFE Legalization evidence establishing that, before October... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit. 245a.14 Section 245a.14 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  6. 8 CFR 245a.14 - Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... alien must provide with the application for LIFE Legalization evidence establishing that, before October... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Application for class membership in the CSS, LULAC, or Zambrano lawsuit. 245a.14 Section 245a.14 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  7. Reflections on the voluntary self-exclusion of gamblers and the law-suits against Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation.

    PubMed

    Faregh, Neda; Leth-Steensen, Craig

    2009-06-01

    Legalized gambling in Canada is governed by Provincial legislation. In Ontario, the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation is responsible for all aspects of gambling in the Province. There have been a number of recent lawsuits against this Crown agency of the Government of Ontario by gamblers, most of which have been settled or otherwise resolved. A recent class-action lawsuit on behalf of thousands of Ontario gamblers against this agency raises a number of interesting questions regarding the issue of responsibility and liability. The questions surround the issue of self-exclusionary practices of gamblers who deem themselves in need of external intervention in order interesting questions regarding the issue of responsibility and liability. The questions surround the issue to abstain from further gambling. A contract is voluntarily signed by the self-excluding gamblers whereby their further attendance at gaming venues is prevented and could be punishable by law. Where the gaming venues have failed to enforce the terms of this contract, gamblers have continued to gamble at these establishments. The class-action lawsuit stems from the grievances of these self-excluded gamblers who were not turned away. Relevant psychological theories and recent findings pertaining to gambling are reviewed and questions relevant to these grievances are discussed in favor of government responsibility and liability toward gamblers.

  8. 28 CFR 42.736 - Private lawsuits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Private lawsuits. 42.736 Section 42.736 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE NONDISCRIMINATION; EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY; POLICIES AND... of the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 Compliance Procedures § 42.736 Private lawsuits. (a) Upon...

  9. 16 CFR 1025.18 - Class actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Class actions. 1025.18 Section 1025.18... PROCEEDINGS Pleadings, Form, Execution, Service of Documents § 1025.18 Class actions. (a) Prerequisites to a class action. One or more members of a class of respondents may be proceeded against as representative...

  10. Oil and gas: Oilfield class actions

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    McArthur, J.B.

    1997-06-01

    The use of class actions is getting alot of attention in the oilfield. Plaintiffs have filed class actions challenging two of the most rooted industry practices, oil posted prices and deregulated natural gas affiliate deduction and charges. The classes will include tens or hundreds of thousands of plaintiffs and may transform two of the industry`s most settled practices. The emotions surrounding the class action risk obscuring the fact that it is an old and oft-used tool in oilfield litigation. The class action {open_quotes}provides a means by which, where a large group of persons are interested in a matter, one ormore » more may sue or be sued as representatives of the class without needing to join every member of the class.{close_quotes} The procedure avoids waste by combining scattered disputes, even if some injured might sue individually, and it enables plaintiffs who could not afford to sue to be represented anyway. The lawyers draw their fees from any recovery. Almost all oilpatch class actions are brought to resolve a {open_quotes}common question{close_quotes} under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 23(b)(3) or state counterparts. The rule`s {open_quotes}opt-out{close_quotes} provisions give class actions a tremendous boost because members stay in unless they take steps to get out. This article discusses present and future class actions.« less

  11. 29 CFR 1626.18 - Filing of private lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Filing of private lawsuit. 1626.18 Section 1626.18 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.18 Filing of private lawsuit. (a) An aggrieved person may file a civil...

  12. 29 CFR 1626.18 - Filing of private lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Filing of private lawsuit. 1626.18 Section 1626.18 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.18 Filing of private lawsuit. (a) An aggrieved person may file a civil...

  13. 29 CFR 1626.19 - Filing of Commission lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Filing of Commission lawsuit. 1626.19 Section 1626.19 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.19 Filing of Commission lawsuit. The right of the Commission to file a...

  14. 29 CFR 1626.19 - Filing of Commission lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Filing of Commission lawsuit. 1626.19 Section 1626.19 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.19 Filing of Commission lawsuit. The right of the Commission to file a...

  15. 29 CFR 1626.19 - Filing of Commission lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Filing of Commission lawsuit. 1626.19 Section 1626.19 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.19 Filing of Commission lawsuit. The right of the Commission to file a...

  16. 29 CFR 1626.18 - Filing of private lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Filing of private lawsuit. 1626.18 Section 1626.18 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.18 Filing of private lawsuit. (a) An aggrieved person may file a civil...

  17. 29 CFR 1626.19 - Filing of Commission lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Filing of Commission lawsuit. 1626.19 Section 1626.19 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.19 Filing of Commission lawsuit. The right of the Commission to file a...

  18. 29 CFR 1626.18 - Filing of private lawsuit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Filing of private lawsuit. 1626.18 Section 1626.18 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.18 Filing of private lawsuit. (a) An aggrieved person may file a civil...

  19. Can civil lawsuits stem the tide of direct-to-consumer marketing of unproven stem cell interventions.

    PubMed

    Horner, Claire; Tenenbaum, Evelyn; Sipp, Douglas; Master, Zubin

    2018-01-01

    The sale of unproven stem cell interventions (SCIs) by commercial entities has proliferated in highly developed countries, most notably in the USA. Yet, there have been few criminal prosecutions and regulatory enforcement actions against providers who have violated laws and best practice standards due to the lack of resources and legal ambiguity. While the stem cell research community has invested much in protecting patients and preventing the growth of this industry, some patients are seeking remedies under civil law to hold stem cell clinics responsible for fraudulent practices. Several patients have filed lawsuits against providers demanding compensation for physical injuries caused by unproven treatments and financial losses due to fraud and false advertising. Lawsuits can be used as a tool not only to compensate plaintiffs but also to achieve positive public health and policy outcomes. In this paper, we explore the value of a public health litigation strategy as a countermeasure against the exploitative practices of the unproven SCI industry by analyzing stem cell lawsuits and comparing them with other major public health litigation efforts. We argue that stem cell lawsuits complement other approaches to reining in unsafe practices. In particular, stem cell lawsuits could intensify publicity and raise awareness of the harms of unproven treatments, set legal precedent, reshape the media narrative from one focused on the right to try or practice to one highlighting the need for adequate safety and efficacy standards, and encourage authorities to turn their attention to policy reform and enforcement.

  20. On Corporate Accountability: Lead, Asbestos, and Fossil Fuel Lawsuits.

    PubMed

    Shearer, Christine

    2015-08-01

    This paper examines the use of lawsuits against three industries that were eventually found to be selling products damaging to human heath and the environment: lead paint, asbestos, and fossil fuels. These industries are similar in that some companies tried to hide or distort information showing their products were harmful. Common law claims were eventually filed to hold the corporations accountable and compensate the injured. This paper considers the important role the lawsuits played in helping establish some accountability for the industries while also noting the limitations of the lawsuits. It will be argued that the lawsuits helped create pressure for government regulation of the industries' products but were less successful at securing compensation for the injured. Thus, the common law claims strengthened and supported administrative regulation and the adoption of industry alternatives more than they provided a means of legal redress. © The Author(s) 2015.

  1. Class Action Suits against Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesibov, Laurie

    1984-01-01

    If a suit is brought as a class action, either plaintiff or defendant may move to uphold or challenge class certification. If neither does so, the court decides whether the action may be maintained as a class suit. Prerequisites for class certification from Rule 23 (Federal Rules of Civil Procedure) are explained. (TE)

  2. [Characterization of lawsuits for the supply of "essential" medicines in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Pepe, Vera Lúcia Edais; Ventura, Miriam; Sant'ana, João Maurício Brambati; Figueiredo, Tatiana Aragão; Souza, Vanessa Dos Reis de; Simas, Luciana; Osorio-de-Castro, Claudia Garcia Serpa

    2010-03-01

    Recognition of the right to health raises two practical issues: the government's ethical and legal duty to ensure comprehensive health care and citizens' recourse to legal action to guarantee this right. This study focused on lawsuits to demand "essential" medicines, filed at the State Court of Appeals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2006. One hundred and eighty-five suits were examined, and the claims were granted in all but three cases. Median times between filing the suit, the injunction, first ruling, and appellate ruling were 7, 239, and 478 days respectively. In 80.6% of the 98 suits in which the specific medicines could be identified, at least one drug did not belong to any publicly funded list of medicines. This could indicate that lawsuits demanding "essential" drugs were motivated not only by problems in procurement, distribution, and dispensing of medicines but also by non-inclusion of medicines on official lists. Most of the medicines demanded through lawsuits were for conditions involving the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

  3. 39 CFR 775.5 - Classes of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES § 775.5 Classes of actions. (a) Actions which normally require an environment impact statement... 40 CFR 1508.27. (b) Actions requiring an environmental assessment. Classes of actions that will require an environmental assessment unless categorically excluded include: (1) Any project that includes...

  4. 39 CFR 775.5 - Classes of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES § 775.5 Classes of actions. (a) Actions which normally require an environment impact statement... 40 CFR 1508.27. (b) Actions requiring an environmental assessment. Classes of actions that will require an environmental assessment unless categorically excluded include: (1) Any project that includes...

  5. 39 CFR 775.5 - Classes of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES § 775.5 Classes of actions. (a) Actions which normally require an environment impact statement... 40 CFR 1508.27. (b) Actions requiring an environmental assessment. Classes of actions that will require an environmental assessment unless categorically excluded include: (1) Any project that includes...

  6. Factors Predicting Lawsuits against Nursing Homes in Florida 1997-2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Christopher E.; Dobalian, Aram; Burkhard, Janet; Hedgecock, Deborah K.; Harman, Jeffrey

    2004-01-01

    Purpose: We explore how nursing home characteristics affect the number of lawsuits filed against the facilities in Florida during the period from 1997 to 2001. Design and Methods: We examined data from 478 nursing homes in 30 Florida counties from 1997 to 2001. We obtained the data from Westlaw's Adverse Filings: Lawsuits database, the Online…

  7. Disciplinary and Legal Actions Against Dermatologists in Canada.

    PubMed

    Nasseri, Eiman

    2016-01-01

    Dermatologists face a litany of professional and legal risks in practice. To review cases of disciplinary and legal action against dermatologists in Canada. The Canadian Medical Protective Association, all 10 provincial medical colleges, and the Canadian Legal Information Institute were contacted to obtain data on legal or disciplinary action taken against dermatologists in their records. A literature review was performed regarding litigation against dermatologists in other countries. Six dermatologists in Canada faced disciplinary action in the last 5 to 30 years. Seven dermatologists and 5 other specialists in Canada faced lawsuits relating to dermatology in the last 1 to 144 years. Procedures and therapy are the most frequently sources of lawsuits against dermatologists both at home and abroad. Dermatologists need to remain vigilant to avoid disciplinary action and lawsuits from their increasing and varied interactions with patients. © The Author(s) 2015.

  8. Civil liability: characterization of the demand for lawsuits against dentists.

    PubMed

    Zanin, Alice Aquino; Herrera, Lara Maria; Melani, Rodolfo Francisco Haltenhoff

    2016-08-18

    In light of the fact that dentists may be held civilly liable for their practice, it is important to understand the current situation of lawsuits filed against these professionals by studying current legal decisions and the literature. The objective of this study was to analyze the case law of the Court of Justice of São Paulo, Brazil, relative to the profile of patients and professionals, the most commonly involved specialties, the amounts litigated and the court decisions pertaining to civil liability lawsuits against dentists. In an inductive approach, a single researcher screened and collected civil liability rulings by accessing the Court's website, and following a statistical-descriptive procedure and an indirect observation technique. The most frequently involved specialty was prosthodontics. However, oral and maxillofacial surgery was related to a higher incidence of damages awarded to settle claims and to higher damage amounts. The dentist was found guilty in 44.32% of the cases researched. Pecuniary damages ranged between R$ 485.50 and R$ 12,530.00, and non-pecuniary damages ranged between R$ 2,500.00 and R$ 70,000.00. Most lawsuits were filed by women against male dentists. An increase in the relative number of lawsuits against companies versus individuals was observed.

  9. Disability, disparate impact, and class actions.

    PubMed

    Stein, Michael Ashley; Waterstone, Michael E

    2006-12-01

    Following Title VII's enactment, group-based employment discrimination actions flourished due to disparate impact theory and the class action device. Courts recognized that subordination that defined a group's social identity was also sufficient legally to bind members together, even when relief had to be issued individually. Woven through these cases was a notion of panethnicity that united inherently unrelated groups into a common identity, for example, Asian Americans. Stringent judicial interpretation subsequently eroded both legal frameworks and it has become increasingly difficult to assert collective employment actions, even against discriminatory practices affecting an entire group. This deconstruction has immensely disadvantaged persons with disabilities. Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), individual employee claims to accommodate specific impairments, such as whether to install ramps or replace computer screens, have all but eclipsed a coherent theory of disability-based disparate impact law. Moreover, the class action device has been virtually nonexistent in disability discrimination employment cases. The absence of collective action has been especially harmful because the realm of the workplace is precisely where group-based remedies are needed most. Specifically, a crucial but overlooked issue in disability integration is the harder-to-reach embedded norms that require job and policy modifications. The Article argues that pandisability theory serves as an analogue to earlier notions of panethnicity and provides an equally compelling heuristic for determining class identity. It shows that pandisability undergirds ADA public service and public accommodation class actions in which individualized remedy assessments have been accepted as part of group-based challenges to social exclusion. The Article also demonstrates that this broader vision of collective action is consistent with the history underlying the class action device. Taking

  10. Medical Malpractice in Dermatology-Part I: Reducing the Risks of a Lawsuit.

    PubMed

    Shah, Vidhi V; Kapp, Marshall B; Wolverton, Stephen E

    2016-12-01

    Malpractice risk is a common source of concern for the practicing physician. Dermatologists experience fewer lawsuits than most other specialists in medicine, but the risk is not negligible. All physicians should familiarize themselves with areas of potential risk and avoid medico-legal pitfalls. We present Part I of a two-part series addressing medico-legal questions common to most practitioners that cause a great deal of anxiety. Part I will focus upon risk management and prevention of future malpractice lawsuits, and Part II deals with suggestions and guidance once a lawsuit occurs. Herein, we discuss the primary sources of malpractice lawsuits delivered against healthcare practitioners including issues with informed consent, patient noncompliance, medical negligence, and inappropriate documentation, including use of electronic medical records. The overall goal is to effectively avoid these common sources of litigation. The risk management strategies discussed in this paper are relevant to the everyday practitioner and may offer physicians some degree of protection from potential liability.

  11. Intended and unintended consequences of the gabapentin off-label marketing lawsuit among patients with bipolar disorder.

    PubMed

    Chace, Meredith J; Zhang, Fang; Fullerton, Catherine A; Huskamp, Haiden A; Gilden, Daniel; Soumerai, Stephen B

    2012-11-01

    The number of lawsuits accusing pharmaceutical companies of off-label marketing has risen in recent years. The impact of such lawsuits on drug prescribing and spending has not been examined. We evaluated a nationwide sample to determine whether the $430 million gabapentin off-label marketing lawsuit and accompanying media coverage affected gabapentin market share, substitution of other scientifically substantiated and unsubstantiated anticonvulsants, and anticonvulsant spending of Medicare/Medicaid patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Using a national 5% sample of Medicare recipients linked to Medicaid claims, we used an interrupted times series design to evaluate the impact of the lawsuit on monthly market share, utilization, and spending from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2005. The start of the lawsuit was associated with a 28% relative reduction in gabapentin market share (from ∼ 21% to ∼ 15%) and a reduction in the rate of prescribing from 108 prescriptions per 1,000 patients per month before the start of the lawsuit to 90 by the end of follow-up (P < .001). We also observed increases in market share for 3 other anticonvulsants. Total anticonvulsant use and spending per 1,000 patients increased by 13% and 74%, respectively, after the intervention. The increase in anticonvulsant spending was equivalent to $7,554 per 1,000 patients per year higher than expected compared with the baseline trend (P = .01). We conclude that the lawsuit resulted in a reduction in gabapentin market share, increased market share for other anticonvulsants, and substantially increased total anticonvulsant spending to approximately half of the settlement amount, not counting substitutions of newer drugs for other illnesses affected by the lawsuit. These findings support the need for further study of the effects of current lawsuits regarding off-label drug marketing. © Copyright 2012 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

  12. A Better IDEA: Best Practice and Outcomes-Oriented Remedies in Public Impact Litigation for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noonan, Kathleen G.; McCarthy, Megan A.; Shea, Lindsay; Marcus, Steven C.; Mandell, David S.

    2016-01-01

    Class action lawsuits filed in violation of Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) raise questions for those concerned with improving the education system for students with disabilities. First, do the lawsuits result in changes that can be directly linked to improved student outcomes? Second, do these lawsuits and the "consent…

  13. 39 CFR 775.5 - Classes of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES § 775.5 Classes of actions. (a) Actions which normally require an environment impact statement... environment; (7) Any action that threatens a violation of applicable federal, state, or local law or... ecologically critical area; (5) Any action affecting the quality of the physical environment that would be...

  14. 39 CFR 775.5 - Classes of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES § 775.5 Classes of actions. (a) Actions which normally require an environment impact statement... environment; (7) Any action that threatens a violation of applicable federal, state, or local law or... ecologically critical area; (5) Any action affecting the quality of the physical environment that would be...

  15. 28 CFR 61.5 - Typical classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... These classes are: actions normally requiring environmental impact statements (EIS), actions normally not requiring assessments or EIS, and actions normally requiring assessments but not necessarily EIS...) Actions normally requiring EIS. None, except as noted in the appendices to this part. (2) Actions normally...

  16. 12 CFR 408.6 - Typical classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Typical classes of action. 408.6 Section 408.6 Banks and Banking EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES PROCEDURES FOR COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT Eximbank Implementing Procedures § 408.6 Typical classes of action. (a) Section 1507.3...

  17. Guide to preemption of state-law claims against Class III PMA medical devices.

    PubMed

    Whitney, Daniel W

    2010-01-01

    There is a perception that the express preemption holding of the Supreme Court in Riegel v. Medtronic, 552 U.S. 312(2008), immunizes medical device manufacturers from common law personal injury actions involving Class III devices that received FDA clearance under a premarket approval application (PMA). In the aftermath of Riegel, many lawsuits involving Class III PMA devices have been dismissed by district courts applying the new heightened pleading standard of Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007). Other lawsuits involving Class III PMA devices premised on fraud-on-FDA have been dismissed based on the implied preemption holding of the Supreme Court in Buckman v. Plaintiffs' Legal Comm., 531 U.S. 341 (2001). When these decisions are carefully analyzed together with Medtronic, Inc. v. Lohr, 518 U.S. 470 (1996), which found no preemption regarding a Class III device receiving FDA clearance through the 510(k) mechanism, it is apparent that the preemption defense does not apply universally to Class III PMA devices. The overall methodology for framing a non-preempted claim is to first identify conduct which violated the PMA or other specific requirements related to safety or efficacy. If such conduct can also be stated in terms of a breach of a parallel common law duty (e.g, failure to warn under strict liability or negligence, manufacturing defect or breach of warranty), then it would appear the claim is not preempted. Alternatively, regardless of a specific violation, common law remedies are not preempted by general CGMP requirements.

  18. Social Workers and Immunity from Civil Lawsuits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudolf, Alexander, Jr.

    1995-01-01

    The Supreme Court has ruled that certain professionals have immunity from civil rights lawsuits, but has not considered any cases involving social workers. A split view regarding the extent of social workers' immunity in investigating child abuse cases has appeared in two courts of appeals. Discusses immunity, the case in these two circuits, and…

  19. 7 CFR 3407.5 - Classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Classes of action. 3407.5 Section 3407.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 3407.5 Classes of...

  20. States Dogged by Lawsuits on K-12 Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2012-01-01

    Even as they struggle to climb out of deep financial holes, states are facing lawsuits that contend they do not meet their constitutions' requirements to provide sufficient funding to districts and fail to provide resources for disadvantaged schools and student populations. This article reports on legal battles in Texas, Colorado, and elsewhere…

  1. Lawsuits by Victims of Terrorism Imperil Archaeological Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In lawsuits pending in federal courts in Boston and Chicago, Americans harmed by terrorist attacks linked to the Islamic Republic of Iran are asserting claim to artifacts they believe belong to that nation, in their quest to win more than $4-billion in damages. The institutions that hold the artifacts, which include Harvard University and the…

  2. The Rational Adolescent: Discipline Policies, Lawsuits, and Skill Acquisition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babcock, Philip

    2009-01-01

    The paper estimates the response of student truancy and long-run labor market outcomes to discipline policies in middle and secondary school. Simultaneous determination of student behaviors and school policies motivates an instrumental variables strategy. Because judicial climate influences administrators' fear of discipline-related lawsuits,…

  3. Mismanaging Concussions in Intercollegiate Football

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moser, Austin; Miller, John J.

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, Adrian Arrington filed a class action lawsuit against the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) on behalf of himself and other athletes who had sustained concussions that resulted in long-term injuries. In the lawsuit, Arrington alleged that the NCAA employed a negligent approach to concussed student-athletes.

  4. Medical Malpractice in Dermatology-Part II: What To Do Once You Have Been Served with a Lawsuit.

    PubMed

    Shah, Vidhi V; Kapp, Marshall B; Wolverton, Stephen E

    2016-12-01

    Facing a malpractice lawsuit can be a daunting and traumatic experience for healthcare practitioners, with most clinicians naïve to the legal landscape. It is crucial for physicians to know and understand the malpractice system and his or her role once challenged with litigation. We present part II of a two-part series addressing the most common medicolegal questions that cause a great deal of anxiety. Part I focused upon risk-management strategies and prevention of malpractice lawsuits, whereas part II provides helpful suggestions and guidance for the physician who has been served with a lawsuit complaint. Herein, we address the best approach concerning what to do and what not to do after receipt of a legal claim, during the deposition, and during the trial phases. We also discuss routine concerns that may arise during the development of the case, including the personal, financial, and career implications of a malpractice lawsuit and how these can be best managed. The defense strategies discussed in this paper are not a guide separate from legal representation to winning a lawsuit, but may help physicians prepare for and cope with a medical malpractice lawsuit. This article is written from a US perspective, and therefore not all of the statements made herein will be applicable in other countries. Within the USA, medical practitioners must be familiar with their own state and local laws and should consult with their own legal counsel to obtain advice about specific questions.

  5. 25 CFR 900.208 - How are non-medical related tort claims and lawsuits filed for DOI?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are non-medical related tort claims and lawsuits filed for DOI? 900.208 Section 900.208 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, AND... Related Claims § 900.208 How are non-medical related tort claims and lawsuits filed for DOI? Non-medical...

  6. 25 CFR 900.208 - How are non-medical related tort claims and lawsuits filed for DOI?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How are non-medical related tort claims and lawsuits filed for DOI? 900.208 Section 900.208 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, AND... Related Claims § 900.208 How are non-medical related tort claims and lawsuits filed for DOI? Non-medical...

  7. 16 CFR 1025.18 - Class actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PROCEEDINGS Pleadings, Form, Execution, Service of Documents § 1025.18 Class actions. (a) Prerequisites to a..., the extent and nature of any proceedings concerning the controversy already commenced against members... that the pleadings be amended to eliminate allegations concerning the representation of absent persons...

  8. Class Action Aspects of Federal Employment Discrimination Litigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bickel, Robert D.; Vandercreek, William

    1974-01-01

    Overviews Rule 23 (Federal Rules of Civil Procedure) governing class actions in the federal courts and analyzes the issues raised in class determinations for employment discrimination suits under Title VII (Civil Rights Act 1964). Discusses damage claim immunity for public institutions and limitations on evidence offered to prove discrimination.…

  9. As the pendulum swings--medical products class actions litigation in Canada: recent developments.

    PubMed

    Pliszka, Peter J; Armstrong, Sarah J

    2013-03-01

    During the relatively short history of class proceedings in Canada, developers and manufacturers of medical devices and pharmaceuticals ("medical products"), including medical products designed for patients with diabetes, have found themselves at the receiving end of a significant number of class action claims. As a result, medical products litigation has become the battleground for some of the most significant developments in Canadian class actions law. This article provides a broad overview of some of the most significant developments. The authors pay particular attention to developments regarding the test for class action certification and consider whether high-profile dismissals of certification motions represent a trend toward raising the threshold for plaintiffs seeking to obtain certification of a proposed class action. The authors also consider a decision arising out of a lengthy class action common issues trial in which the medical device company was victorious. In the authors' view, the class action pendulum in Canada, particularly as it relates to medical products claims, remains in motion. It behooves all affected players to keep their eye on this ball with rapt attention to see where it may move next. © 2013 Diabetes Technology Society.

  10. Social Class and Social Action: The Middle-Class Bias of Democratic Theory in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schutz, Aaron

    2008-01-01

    Background: This article examines the emergence of the middle and working classes in America and describes key characteristics of these cultures as they manifest themselves today. It then explores the effects of social class on our conceptions of democracy. Purpose: To help educators understand the relationship between social action strategies and…

  11. In Lawsuit Accord, Temple U. to Boost Women's Sports Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oberlander, Susan

    1988-01-01

    In the out-of-court settlement of an eight-year-old sex discrimination lawsuit, Temple University agreed to give almost half of athletic scholarships to women, sponsor a new women's team, and add new women's program staff. The settlement may put pressure for equitable sports programs on other institutions. (MSE)

  12. Interpretive phenomenological analysis of a lawsuit contending that school-based yoga is religion: A study of school personnel.

    PubMed

    Cook-Cottone, Catherine; Lemish, Erga; Guyker, Wendy

    2017-11-01

    This study focused on the perspectives of school personnel affiliated with the Encinitas Union School District in California following a lawsuit arguing that their yoga-based program included religion and therefore was unsuitable for implementation in public schools and was unconstitutional. Participants (N = 32) were interviewed using a semistructured interview, and data were analyzed according to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Five super-ordinate themes (including sub-themes) were identified in an iterative process, including: participants' perspectives on the roots of yoga and the type of yoga taught in their district; the process of introducing a yoga-in-the-schools program in light of this contention (including challenges and obstacles, and how these were met); perspectives on the lawsuit and how the process unfolded; effects of the lawsuit on school climate and beyond; and perspectives on yoga as, and as not, religious. The study attempts to shed light on the impact of an ongoing lawsuit on a school district at the time of implementation of a program for students' well being.

  13. Interpretive phenomenological analysis of a lawsuit contending that school-based yoga is religion: A study of school personnel.

    PubMed

    Cook-Cottone, Catherine; Lemish, Erga; Guyker, Wendy

    2017-08-01

    This study focused on the perspectives of school personnel affiliated with the Encinitas Union School District in California following a lawsuit arguing that their yoga-based program included religion and therefore was unsuitable for implementation in public schools and was unconstitutional. Participants (N = 32) were interviewed using a semistructured interview, and data were analyzed according to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Five super-ordinate themes (including sub-themes) were identified in an iterative process, including: participants' perspectives on the roots of yoga and the type of yoga taught in their district; the process of introducing a yoga-in-the-schools program in light of this contention (including challenges and obstacles, and how these were met); perspectives on the lawsuit and how the process unfolded; effects of the lawsuit on school climate and beyond; and perspectives on yoga as, and as not, religious. The study attempts to shed light on the impact of an ongoing lawsuit on a school district at the time of implementation of a program for students' well being.

  14. 7 CFR 3407.5 - Classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Classes of action. 3407.5 Section 3407.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE... individual or cumulative effect on the quality of the human environment. These include those activities...

  15. 7 CFR 3407.5 - Classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Classes of action. 3407.5 Section 3407.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE... individual or cumulative effect on the quality of the human environment. These include those activities...

  16. 7 CFR 3407.5 - Classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Classes of action. 3407.5 Section 3407.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE... individual or cumulative effect on the quality of the human environment. These include those activities...

  17. 7 CFR 3407.5 - Classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Classes of action. 3407.5 Section 3407.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE... significant individual or cumulative effect on the quality of the human environment. These include those...

  18. Assessing a New Approach to Class-Based Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaertner, Matthew N.

    2011-01-01

    In November, 2008, Colorado and Nebraska voted on amendments that sought to end race-based affirmative action at public universities. In anticipation of the vote, Colorado's flagship public institution--The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU)--explored statistical approaches to support class-based affirmative action. This paper details CU's…

  19. Assessing a New Approach to Class-Based Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaertner, Matthew Newman

    2011-01-01

    In November, 2008, Colorado and Nebraska voted on amendments that sought to end race-based affirmative action at public universities in those states. In anticipation of the vote, the University of Colorado at Boulder (CU) explored statistical approaches to support class-based (i.e., socioeconomic) affirmative action. This dissertation introduces…

  20. Virginia Court, Rejecting Lawsuits, Says Randolph College Can Admit Men

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2008-01-01

    The Supreme Court of Virginia has ruled in favor of Randolph College in two lawsuits brought by students and alumnae donors upset that the institution, formerly Randolph-Macon Woman's College, went coed last fall. In one case, the court ruled against a group of students who argued that the decision to enroll men was a breach of contract. The…

  1. 38 CFR 17.162 - Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... dental treatment without rating action. 17.162 Section 17.162 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.162 Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action. When an application has been made for class II dental treatment under § 17.161(b...

  2. 38 CFR 17.162 - Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... dental treatment without rating action. 17.162 Section 17.162 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.162 Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action. When an application has been made for class II dental treatment under § 17.161(b...

  3. 38 CFR 17.162 - Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... dental treatment without rating action. 17.162 Section 17.162 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.162 Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action. When an application has been made for class II dental treatment under § 17.161(b...

  4. 38 CFR 17.162 - Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... dental treatment without rating action. 17.162 Section 17.162 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.162 Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action. When an application has been made for class II dental treatment under § 17.161(b...

  5. 38 CFR 17.162 - Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... dental treatment without rating action. 17.162 Section 17.162 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.162 Eligibility for Class II dental treatment without rating action. When an application has been made for class II dental treatment under § 17.161(b...

  6. The Legal Doctrine on the Liability of Physicians in Medical Malpractice Lawsuits Involving Complex Regional Pain Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Shin, SuHwan; Jang, Seung Gyeong; Min, KyeongTae; Lee, Won; Kim, So Yoon

    2018-02-26

    Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) involves severe pain and it is difficult to identify the exact cause or pathogenesis. Therefore, there are controversies regarding legal issues related to the establishment of damage in medical malpractice lawsuits involving CRPS. This study aimed to analyze malpractice lawsuits involving CRPS, which occurred after the disputed medical treatment, to provide information on the courts' opinion and characteristics of the cases. This study analyzed 23 lawsuit judgments involving CRPS that were sentenced from 2005 to 2015. A total of 12 of the 23 cases were partially ruled in favor of the plaintiff. The average amount (KRW) claimed was 470,638,385 ± 860,634,092 (21,000,000 to 4,020,000,000), and that awarded was 72,906,843 ± 53,389,367 (15,000,000 to 181,080,803). Sixteen of the 23 cases had CRPS type I. In 11 of 23 cases, the site of the pain was located in the lower limb and in 14 cases there was no presence of trauma or event prior to medical treatment. Nerve injury was the most frequent reason for taking responsibility in compensating damage in malpractice cases involving CRPS. Physicians should consider various possibilities of such complications in medical practices. It is important to identify and improve areas which need to be improved for patient safety through analyzing the lawsuit judgment cases. © 2018 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.

  7. Lawsuit lead time prediction: Comparison of data mining techniques based on categorical response variable.

    PubMed

    Gruginskie, Lúcia Adriana Dos Santos; Vaccaro, Guilherme Luís Roehe

    2018-01-01

    The quality of the judicial system of a country can be verified by the overall length time of lawsuits, or the lead time. When the lead time is excessive, a country's economy can be affected, leading to the adoption of measures such as the creation of the Saturn Center in Europe. Although there are performance indicators to measure the lead time of lawsuits, the analysis and the fit of prediction models are still underdeveloped themes in the literature. To contribute to this subject, this article compares different prediction models according to their accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, precision, and F1 measure. The database used was from TRF4-the Tribunal Regional Federal da 4a Região-a federal court in southern Brazil, corresponding to the 2nd Instance civil lawsuits completed in 2016. The models were fitted using support vector machine, naive Bayes, random forests, and neural network approaches with categorical predictor variables. The lead time of the 2nd Instance judgment was selected as the response variable measured in days and categorized in bands. The comparison among the models showed that the support vector machine and random forest approaches produced measurements that were superior to those of the other models. The evaluation of the models was made using k-fold cross-validation similar to that applied to the test models.

  8. Legal analysis of citizen lawsuit toward management of the 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suprihadi, Bambang

    2017-07-01

    The Asian Disaster Reduction Center informed that on 27 May 2006 at 5:54 AM Local time or 26 May 2006 at 10:54:00 PM UTC, an M6.3 earthquake has struck the very highly populated region of Yogyakarta. The death estimated between 5,775 and 6,234 and the number of injured was between 46,000 and 53,000. Invitation letters were sent to Indonesia Agency for Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) and to 18 government institutions for attending the session at the Yogyakarta Court on 4 December 2006. Such case was a lawsuit proposed by 46 citizens and registered as number 73/PDT.G/ 2006/PN-Yk and the researcher attended court-session on behalf of the BMKG. Research is conducted to provide legal analysis of citizen lawsuit toward management of the 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake. Data was collected by examining the process of court sessions and mediation between Parties involved which then analysed using the relevant articles of Indonesian Civil Procedural Law. Legal analysis proposed by the researcher indicates that State Court (Pengadilan Negeri) held an `absolute competence' because such case shall not be settled by State Administrative Court (Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara), however Yogyakarta District Court didn't hold a `relative competence' because such case shall be settled by the Central Jakarta District Court. Such case was not continued due to successful mediation between the two Parties. The 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake alerts BMKG as the earthquake information provider to work properly in accordance with the standard operating procedure to avoid citizen lawsuit that might be proposed in the near future.

  9. "Hoffman v. Monsanto": Courts, Class Actions, and Perceptions of the Problem of GM Drift

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLeod-Kilmurray, Heather

    2007-01-01

    "Hoffman v. Monsanto" raises questions about the civil litigation system. Are courts appropriate institutions, and are class actions the appropriate procedure, for resolving disputes about genetically modified organisms (GMOs)? After addressing the institutional question, this article focuses on procedure. Although class actions are…

  10. How bad faith lawsuits can be tailored to fit HMOs.

    PubMed

    Stern, J B

    1999-06-01

    In January 1999, in the case of Goodrich v. Aetna, a California jury returned a record-breaking verdict of $120.5 million damages in favor of a widow as a result of Aetna's failure to act in good faith in the treatment of her terminally ill husband. The following article discusses the history and basis of this kind of lawsuit, major decisions specifically pertaining to HMOs, and the outlook for future liability in this area.

  11. Naming Action in Japanese: Effects of Semantic Similarity and Grammatical Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwasaki, Noriko; Vinson, David P.; Vigliocco, Gabriella; Watanabe, Masumi; Arciuli, Joanne

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated whether the semantic similarity and grammatical class of distracter words affects the naming of pictured actions (verbs) in Japanese. Three experiments used the picture-word interference paradigm with participants naming picturable actions while ignoring distracters. In all three experiments, we manipulated the semantic…

  12. An Experimental Study of Medical Error Explanations: Do Apology, Empathy, Corrective Action, and Compensation Alter Intentions and Attitudes?

    PubMed

    Nazione, Samantha; Pace, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    Medical malpractice lawsuits are a growing problem in the United States, and there is much controversy regarding how to best address this problem. The medical error disclosure framework suggests that apologizing, expressing empathy, engaging in corrective action, and offering compensation after a medical error may improve the provider-patient relationship and ultimately help reduce the number of medical malpractice lawsuits patients bring to medical providers. This study provides an experimental examination of the medical error disclosure framework and its effect on amount of money requested in a lawsuit, negative intentions, attitudes, and anger toward the provider after a medical error. Results suggest empathy may play a large role in providing positive outcomes after a medical error.

  13. An Old Road Rapidly Aging? The Settlement of Apollo's Long-Standing False Claims Act Lawsuit and the Changing Appeal of Commission-Based Recruitment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Last month, higher education company the Apollo Group, Inc. (Apollo) confirmed that it entered into an agreement with the United States (US) federal government to resolve a long-standing lawsuit concerning its subsidiary, the for-profit University of Phoenix (Phoenix). Originating in 2003, the False Claims Act lawsuit filed by university officials…

  14. Personal consequences of malpractice lawsuits on American surgeons.

    PubMed

    Balch, Charles M; Oreskovich, Michael R; Dyrbye, Lotte N; Colaiano, Joseph M; Satele, Daniel V; Sloan, Jeff A; Shanafelt, Tait D

    2011-11-01

    Our objective was to identify the prevalence of recent malpractice litigation against American surgeons and evaluate associations with personal well-being. Although malpractice lawsuits are often filed against American surgeons, the personal consequences with respect to burnout, depression, and career satisfaction are poorly understood. Members of the American College of Surgeons were sent an anonymous, cross-sectional survey in October 2010. Surgeons were asked if they had been involved in a malpractice suit during 2 previous years. The survey also evaluated demographic variables, practice characteristics, career satisfaction, burnout, and quality of life. Of the approximately 25,073 surgeons sampled, 7,164 (29%) returned surveys. Involvement in a recent malpractice suit was reported by 1,764 of 7,164 (24.6%) responding surgeons. Surgeons involved in a recent malpractice suit were younger, worked longer hours, had more night call, and were more likely to be in private practice (all p <0.0001). Recent malpractice suits were strongly related to burnout (p < 0.0001), depression (p < 0.0001), and recent thoughts of suicide (p < 0.0001) among surgeons. In multivariable modeling, both depression (odds ratio = 1.273; p = 0.0003) and burnout (odds ratio = 1.168; p = 0.0306) were independently associated with a recent malpractice suit after controlling for all other personal and professional characteristics. Hours worked, nights on call, subspecialty, and practice setting were also independently associated with recent malpractice suits. Surgeons who had experienced a recent malpractice suit reported less career satisfaction and were less likely to recommend a surgical or medical career to their children (p < 0.0001). Malpractice lawsuits are common and have potentially profound personal consequences for US surgeons. Additional research is needed to identify individual, organizational, and societal interventions to support surgeons subjected to malpractice litigation

  15. 29 CFR 1614.110 - Final action by agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION FEDERAL SECTOR EQUAL... append a copy of the appeal to the final order. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final... appeals and lawsuits. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final action. [64 FR 37657, July 12...

  16. 29 CFR 1614.110 - Final action by agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION FEDERAL SECTOR EQUAL... append a copy of the appeal to the final order. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final... appeals and lawsuits. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final action. [64 FR 37657, July 12...

  17. 29 CFR 1614.110 - Final action by agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION FEDERAL SECTOR EQUAL... append a copy of the appeal to the final order. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final... appeals and lawsuits. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final action. [64 FR 37657, July 12...

  18. 29 CFR 1614.110 - Final action by agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION FEDERAL SECTOR EQUAL... append a copy of the appeal to the final order. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final... appeals and lawsuits. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final action. [64 FR 37657, July 12...

  19. 29 CFR 1614.110 - Final action by agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION FEDERAL SECTOR EQUAL... append a copy of the appeal to the final order. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final... appeals and lawsuits. A copy of EEOC Form 573 shall be attached to the final action. [64 FR 37657, July 12...

  20. An Analysis of “Natural” Food Litigation to Build a Sesame Allergy Consumer Class Action.

    PubMed

    Shaker, Dana

    In a world where food allergy is still an incurable disease, law and regulation stand as necessary mechanisms to provide food-allergic consumers with the information they need to protect their health. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 provided specific labeling requirements for the “Top Eight” allergens in the U.S.: milk, soy, gluten, egg, tree nut, peanut, fish, and Crustacean shellfish. Since then, sesame has become more prevalent as an allergen and remains just as dangerous, inducing anaphylactic shock in some sesame-allergic individuals. Yet sesame remains unregulated, despite advocates and congressional members arguing for its inclusion. This note entertains one solution to this problem by exploring the most strategic way to bring a sesame allergy class action against a private food company under California’s consumer protection statutes. Because this kind of class action does not have much, if any, precedent, this note analyzes the basic, preliminary issues that any litigant would have to navigate around to certify a class, including preemption, standing, and the claim itself, by focusing on how courts have examined these issues in the recent “natural” class action litigation. It also analyzes the legal, moral, and practical aspects of choosing a type of relief, as well as whom to include in the class. Finally, this note briefly considers how FDA itself can ensure sesame is regulated on the labels of food products, given that some of the legal issues may well be insurmountable for this particular class action. This note explores the potential solutions to difficult legal hurdles in constructing a sesame allergy class action, arguing that litigating a sesame allergy class action—even if it is not ultimately successful—could start a productive conversation that might lead Congress or FDA to provide greater public health and consumer protection for those with sesame allergy.

  1. The Back Pay Remedy in Title VII Class Actions: Problems of Procedure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Charles A.

    1974-01-01

    The class action for back pay has developed as a significant factor in employment discrimination litigation under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Problems of demonstrating each class member's entitlement are examined and a bifurcated trial procedure is proposed as a method for handling such cases. (JT)

  2. When Does Institutional Research Rhetoric Create a Student Cause of Action?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beassie, Rhonda Vickers

    2017-01-01

    This chapter asserts that the use and reporting of institutional research (IR) data is an area ripe for litigation. The chapter explores possible student causes of action as they relate to institutional research (IR) data and compares the probable outcomes to reported student lawsuits. The chapter concludes with recommended liability-avoiding…

  3. Verb-based versus class-based accounts of actionality effects in children's comprehension of passives.

    PubMed

    Gordon, P; Chafetz, J

    1990-09-01

    Several studies have shown that children perform worse on tests of passive comprehension when the verb is non-actional than when it is actional. Most existing accounts focus on the semantic characteristics of the class of non-action verbs in explaining this difference. An alternative is a "verb-based" account in which passives are initially learned verb by verb, and children hear fewer non-actional passives in their language input. An analysis of the passives heard by Adam, Eve and Sarah (Brown, 1973) found more actional than non-actional passives, consistent with the verb-based account. In a second study, children tested for passive comprehension were re-tested a week later. The verb-based account predicts that children should show a consistent pattern of responses for individual verbs on test and re-test. Such consistency was found, with some inconsistency due to improvement over the re-test. Further analyses showed no effects of affectedness in explaining children's problems with passives. Finally, we discuss whether a mixed model containing both verb-based and class-based mechanisms is required to explain the actionality effects.

  4. Causation Fallacy 2.0: Revisiting the Myth and Math of Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Sherick; Thompson Dorsey, Dana N.; Carrillo, Juan F.

    2016-01-01

    Justice Goodwin Liu reexamined seminal affirmative action in higher education legal cases beginning with the landmark 1978 case, "Regents of the University of California v. Bakke" and leading up to the U.S. Supreme Court's 2003 decision in "Gratz v. Bollinger." Liu argued that the "Bakke and Gratz" lawsuits were…

  5. Round One? Judge Issues Rulings in Long-Awaited Copyright Infringement Lawsuit against Georgia State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enghagen, Linda K.

    2014-01-01

    Long-awaited rulings in the copyright infringement lawsuit provide the most specific guidance available to date on the fair use of certain types of materials in e-reserves systems and online course management systems. Unless successfully appealed or otherwise overturned, this case represents a significant victory for Georgia State University…

  6. A Multi-Institution Study on the Effectiveness of ClassAction to Promote Student Understanding in Astro 101

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Kevin M.; French, R. S.; Hands, D. R.; Loranz, D. R.; Martino, D.; Rudolph, A. L.; Wysong, J.; Young, T. S.; Prather, E. E.; CATS

    2010-01-01

    ClassAction is a computer database of materials designed to enhance the conceptual understanding and reasoning abilities of Astro 101 students by promoting interactive engagement and providing rapid feedback. The main focus is dynamic conceptual questions largely based upon graphics that can be projected in the classroom. Instructors have the capability to select, order, and recast these questions into alternate permutations based on their own preferences and student responses. Instructors may also provide feedback through extensive resources including outlines, graphics, and simulations. The Light and Spectroscopy Concept Inventory (LSCI) is a multiple-choice assessment instrument which focuses on the electromagnetic spectrum, Doppler shift, Wien's Law, Stefan-Boltzmann Law, and Kirchhoff's Laws. Illustrative examples of how these concepts are targeted by the questions and resources of the ClassAction module are shown. ClassAction materials covering light and spectra concepts were utilized in multiple classrooms at 6 different institutions and the LSCI was delivered as a pretest and posttest to measure the gains in student understanding. A comparison of the gains achieved in these classes will be made against the national LSCI data. We will report on our investigation into correlations between gain and the extent of ClassAction usage. ClassAction materials are publicly available at http://astro.unl.edu. We would like to thank the NSF for funding under Grant Nos. 0404988 and 0715517, a CCLI Phase III Grant for the Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars (CATS) Program.

  7. 10 CFR 1021.410 - Application of categorical exclusions (classes of actions that normally do not require EAs or EISs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) A class of actions includes activities foreseeably necessary to proposals encompassed within the class of actions (such as associated transportation activities and award of implementing grants and...

  8. Lawsuits and secondhand smoke.

    PubMed

    Sweda, E L

    2004-03-01

    This paper describes secondhand smoke (SHS) litigation over the past quarter century where non-smoking litigants have prevailed and attempts to decipher trends in the law that may impact the course of future cases. Since the early 1980s, the author has sought and examined legal cases in which SHS exposure is an important factor. Law library searches using the official reporter system (for example, Shimp v. New Jersey Bell Telephone Co., 368 A.2d 408) have more recently been combined with computerised online searches using LexisNexis and Westlaw. The author has learned of other cases through personal correspondence and from articles in newspapers. Over 420 cases involving exposure to SHS were identified. Each case was reviewed and summarised. Since 1976, the year of the first reported SHS lawsuit, this type of litigation has increased both in number and in scope with increasing success. While it is common for initial cases to lose in a new area where the law eventually evolves, litigants and their lawyers who later bring similar cases can learn from those previous, unsuccessful cases. It is now apparent that the judicial branch has begun to recognise the need to protect the public-especially some of the most vulnerable members of our society-from the serious threat to their health that is exposure to SHS. Successful cases brought on behalf of individuals exposed to SHS produce an additional benefit for the public health by both paving the way for other non-smoking litigants to succeed in their cases and persuading business owners and others voluntarily to make their facilities 100% smoke-free.

  9. Principals' Perceptions of the "Gaskin" Settlement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silla-Zaleski, Vanessa A.; Bauman, Dona C.; Stufft, Derry L.

    2007-01-01

    The "Gaskin" settlement resulted from a class action lawsuit brought on the behalf of students with significant disabilities in Pennsylvania. With the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 2004 and the "Gaskin" settlement, schools in Pennsylvania are mandated to increase the placement of…

  10. The Use of Psychodrama Action Techniques in a Race Relations Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kranz, Peter L.; Ramirez, Sylvia Z.; Lund, Nick L.

    2007-01-01

    This article describes psychodrama action techniques that were effectively implemented in a university-level race relations course. Essential elements of these techniques included acting out and critical self-examination of the individual's personal beliefs. In a semi-structured class format in which uncensored spontaneity was stressed, students…

  11. Rational use of anticancer drugs and patient lawsuits in the state of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Lopes, Luciane Cruz; Barberato-Filho, Silvio; Costa, Augusto Chad; Osorio-de-Castro, Claudia Garcia Serpa

    2010-08-01

    To assess the rationality of legal suits and administrative requests requiring anticancer drugs filed against and submitted to the São Paulo State Department of Health, in view of scientific evidence on efficacy and safety. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out based on information on lawsuits filed by cancer patients requiring anticancer drugs were furnished by the Department of Health. These drugs are among those having the greatest financial impact on the Brazilian Health System in 2006 and 2007. The drugs were assessed according to clinical evidence on efficacy and safety, based on Micromedex categorization, on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Indications present in the legal documentation were compared to the indications approved by regulatory agencies. Bevacizumab, capecitabine, cetuximab, erlotinib, rituximab, imatinib, and temozolomide accounted for expenses over R$ 40 million to meet 1220 requests and lawsuits, at an average cost of R$ 33,500 per patient. Selected studies do not recommend all the indications for the prescribed drugs. Approximately 17% of requests and lawsuits did not provide evidence for the required indication, and these amounted to inappropriate expenses of, at least, R$ 6.8 million. The results reinforce the need for technical expertise in dealing with legal suits and for capacity-building of health professionals in approaching the scientific literature, in order to appropriately select drugs and to ensure the best therapeutic decision for each clinical condition, and thus guarantee access to safe and effective health technologies and, therefore, to enhance the quality of the Brazilian pharmaceutical services model in oncology.

  12. NIH study uncovers new mechanism of action for class of chemotherapy drugs

    Cancer.gov

    NIH researchers have discovered a significant new mechanism of action for a class of chemotherapy drugs known as poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors, or PARP inhibitors. They have also identified differences in the toxic capabilities of three drugs in

  13. Dealing with Differences: Taking Action on Class, Race, Gender, and Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Angele; Llewellyn, Marilyn

    This study/action guide was developed from a project on difference and prejudice that was implemented in a Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) high school in 1994 and evaluated through surveys and in-depth interviews. The book provides a basic introduction to difference and prejudice organized about issues of class, race, gender, and disability in the…

  14. Action Recognition Using 3D Histograms of Texture and A Multi-Class Boosting Classifier.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Baochang; Yang, Yun; Chen, Chen; Yang, Linlin; Han, Jungong; Shao, Ling

    2017-10-01

    Human action recognition is an important yet challenging task. This paper presents a low-cost descriptor called 3D histograms of texture (3DHoTs) to extract discriminant features from a sequence of depth maps. 3DHoTs are derived from projecting depth frames onto three orthogonal Cartesian planes, i.e., the frontal, side, and top planes, and thus compactly characterize the salient information of a specific action, on which texture features are calculated to represent the action. Besides this fast feature descriptor, a new multi-class boosting classifier (MBC) is also proposed to efficiently exploit different kinds of features in a unified framework for action classification. Compared with the existing boosting frameworks, we add a new multi-class constraint into the objective function, which helps to maintain a better margin distribution by maximizing the mean of margin, whereas still minimizing the variance of margin. Experiments on the MSRAction3D, MSRGesture3D, MSRActivity3D, and UTD-MHAD data sets demonstrate that the proposed system combining 3DHoTs and MBC is superior to the state of the art.

  15. Structure and Mode-of-Action of the Two-Peptide (Class-IIb) Bacteriocins.

    PubMed

    Nissen-Meyer, Jon; Oppegård, Camilla; Rogne, Per; Haugen, Helen Sophie; Kristiansen, Per Eugen

    2010-03-01

    This review focuses on the structure and mode-of-action of the two-peptide (class-IIb) bacteriocins that consist of two different peptides whose genes are next to each other in the same operon. Optimal antibacterial activity requires the presence of both peptides in about equal amounts. The two peptides are synthesized as preforms that contain a 15-30 residue double-glycine-type N-terminal leader sequence that is cleaved off at the C-terminal side of two glycine residues by a dedicated ABC-transporter that concomitantly transfers the bacteriocin peptides across cell membranes. Two-peptide bacteriocins render the membrane of sensitive bacteria permeable to a selected group of ions, indicating that the bacteriocins form or induce the formation of pores that display specificity with respect to the transport of molecules. Based on structure-function studies, it has been proposed that the two peptides of two-peptide bacteriocins form a membrane-penetrating helix-helix structure involving helix-helix-interacting GxxxG-motifs that are present in all characterized two-peptide bacteriocins. It has also been suggested that the membrane-penetrating helix-helix structure interacts with an integrated membrane protein, thereby triggering a conformational alteration in the protein, which in turn causes membrane-leakage. This proposed mode-of-action is similar to the mode-of-action of the pediocin-like (class-IIa) bacteriocins and lactococcin A (a class-IId bacteriocin), which bind to a membrane-embedded part of the mannose phosphotransferase permease in a manner that causes membrane-leakage and cell death.

  16. Preparing the Pipeline: The U.S. Cyber Workforce for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    duty and Reserve military personnel. As a result, VA spent $7 million to notify affected per- sonnel of the data breach , $100 million to offer 1 year...of free credit reporting to affected individuals, and also faced a class-action lawsuit from five veterans’ groups.16 The data breach occurred

  17. Preparing the Pipeline: The U.S. Cyber Workforce for the Future (Defense Horizons, Number 72)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    duty and Reserve military personnel. As a result, VA spent $7 million to notify affected per- sonnel of the data breach , $100 million to offer 1 year...of free credit reporting to affected individuals, and also faced a class-action lawsuit from five veterans’ groups.16 The data breach occurred

  18. 7 CFR 1940.319 - Completing environmental assessments for Class I actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... review. (b) The approach to reviewing a Class I action under the assessment format of Form FmHA or its... dated before initiating the assessment. If it is not, the applicant will be required to make the... are listed in the assessment format, Form FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 1940...

  19. For the Welfare of Children: Lessons Learned from Class Action Litigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meltzer, Judith, Ed.; Joseph, Rachel Molly, Ed.; Shookhoff, Andy, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    This series of papers brings together distinguished experts writing on the use of class action litigation to reform public child welfare systems. It is an effort to tease out of four decades of experience in this work, the factors that increase the likelihood that litigation will result in successful system reform. This publication is an outgrowth…

  20. Texas hair salon settles suit while another faces EEOC action. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

    PubMed

    1995-03-24

    The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has filed suit against the nationally based [name removed] after hair stylist "John Doe" was fired shortly after his employer discovered he was HIV-positive. According to EEOC officials, [name removed] claimed that John Doe was fired for failing to attend a mandatory training class, but the EEOC said the real motivation was the fact that Doe was regarded as disabled. The suit asked the U.S. District Court to enjoin [name removed] from discharging employees based on their HIV status, reinstate Doe, and order the salon to pay Doe back wages, other compensatory damages, and punitive damages. The lawsuit comes just two months after P.M.K. Corporation, which does business as Cost Cutters of [name removed], agreed to pay $13,200 to stylist "Pat Doe," who was fired after her employer discovered she was HIV-positive. The company claimed Pat Doe was terminated because of a layoff, but the EEOC concluded the real reason was her HIV status. Both actions were filed by the EEOC under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). An EEOC representative said that the fact that both actions involved hair salons was coincidental.

  1. Voluntary climate change mitigation actions of young adults: a classification of mitigators through latent class analysis.

    PubMed

    Korkala, Essi A E; Hugg, Timo T; Jaakkola, Jouni J K

    2014-01-01

    Encouraging individuals to take action is important for the overall success of climate change mitigation. Campaigns promoting climate change mitigation could address particular groups of the population on the basis of what kind of mitigation actions the group is already taking. To increase the knowledge of such groups performing similar mitigation actions we conducted a population-based cross-sectional study in Finland. The study population comprised 1623 young adults who returned a self-administered questionnaire (response rate 64%). Our aims were to identify groups of people engaged in similar climate change mitigation actions and to study the gender differences in the grouping. We also determined if socio-demographic characteristics can predict group membership. We performed latent class analysis using 14 mitigation actions as manifest variables. Three classes were identified among men: the Inactive (26%), the Semi-active (63%) and the Active (11%) and two classes among women: the Semi-active (72%) and the Active (28%). The Active among both genders were likely to have mitigated climate change through several actions, such as recycling, using environmentally friendly products, preferring public transport, and conserving energy. The Semi-Active had most probably recycled and preferred public transport because of climate change. The Inactive, a class identified among men only, had very probably done nothing to mitigate climate change. Among males, being single or divorced predicted little involvement in climate change mitigation. Among females, those without tertiary degree and those with annual income €≥16801 were less involved in climate change mitigation. Our results illustrate to what extent young adults are engaged in climate change mitigation, which factors predict little involvement in mitigation and give insight to which segments of the public could be the audiences of targeted mitigation campaigns.

  2. Voluntary Climate Change Mitigation Actions of Young Adults: A Classification of Mitigators through Latent Class Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Korkala, Essi A. E.; Hugg, Timo T.; Jaakkola, Jouni J. K.

    2014-01-01

    Encouraging individuals to take action is important for the overall success of climate change mitigation. Campaigns promoting climate change mitigation could address particular groups of the population on the basis of what kind of mitigation actions the group is already taking. To increase the knowledge of such groups performing similar mitigation actions we conducted a population-based cross-sectional study in Finland. The study population comprised 1623 young adults who returned a self-administered questionnaire (response rate 64%). Our aims were to identify groups of people engaged in similar climate change mitigation actions and to study the gender differences in the grouping. We also determined if socio-demographic characteristics can predict group membership. We performed latent class analysis using 14 mitigation actions as manifest variables. Three classes were identified among men: the Inactive (26%), the Semi-active (63%) and the Active (11%) and two classes among women: the Semi-active (72%) and the Active (28%). The Active among both genders were likely to have mitigated climate change through several actions, such as recycling, using environmentally friendly products, preferring public transport, and conserving energy. The Semi-Active had most probably recycled and preferred public transport because of climate change. The Inactive, a class identified among men only, had very probably done nothing to mitigate climate change. Among males, being single or divorced predicted little involvement in climate change mitigation. Among females, those without tertiary degree and those with annual income €≥16801 were less involved in climate change mitigation. Our results illustrate to what extent young adults are engaged in climate change mitigation, which factors predict little involvement in mitigation and give insight to which segments of the public could be the audiences of targeted mitigation campaigns. PMID:25054549

  3. Aula Verde: Art as Experience in Community-Based Environmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abarca, Marco A.

    2010-01-01

    After winning a class-action lawsuit against unconstitutional prison conditions in Puerto Rico, Marco Abarca managed to direct part of the fine monies accumulated throughout years of litigation toward an investment that would improve the living conditions in one of the largest and poorest housing projects in Puerto Rico. With the participation of…

  4. 77 FR 64555 - Orphan Works and Mass Digitization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ... owners for the project. In 2005, a group of authors and publishers filed a class action lawsuit in... F. Supp. 2d 666 (S.D.N.Y. 2011). A group of photographers and illustrators filed a related suit in... objections from various individual authors, groups, and foreign governments, the parties filed an amended...

  5. Physicians' fears of malpractice lawsuits are not assuaged by tort reforms.

    PubMed

    Carrier, Emily R; Reschovsky, James D; Mello, Michelle M; Mayrell, Ralph C; Katz, David

    2010-09-01

    Physicians contend that the threat of malpractice lawsuits forces them to practice defensive medicine, which in turn raises the cost of health care. This argument underlies efforts to change malpractice laws through legislative tort reform. We evaluated physicians' perceptions about malpractice claims in states where more objective indicators of malpractice risk, such as malpractice premiums, varied considerably. We found high levels of malpractice concern among both generalists and specialists in states where objective measures of malpractice risk were low. We also found relatively modest differences in physicians' concerns across states with and without common tort reforms. These results suggest that many policies aimed at controlling malpractice costs may have a limited effect on physicians' malpractice concerns.

  6. Suing the doctor: lawsuits by injured workers against the occupational physician.

    PubMed

    Postol, L P

    1989-11-01

    Occupational physicians are beginning to learn that they, like other physicians, can be targets for lawsuits. This article attempts to outline the relationship between the workers' compensation system and occupational physicians' personal liability. Consideration is given to potential liability due to malpractice, negligent interference with a workers' contractual relationship with his or her employer, libel and slander, and unauthorized release of information. The requirements of the Occupational Health and Safety Administration for medical examinations and recordkeeping are also highlighted. Finally, the need to clarify the relationship between the doctor, patient/worker, and employer is analyzed. Once the occupational physician recognizes the areas for liability, he or she can take practical steps to minimize his or her exposure.

  7. Multi-class Mode of Action Classification of Toxic Compounds Using Logic Based Kernel Methods.

    PubMed

    Lodhi, Huma; Muggleton, Stephen; Sternberg, Mike J E

    2010-09-17

    Toxicity prediction is essential for drug design and development of effective therapeutics. In this paper we present an in silico strategy, to identify the mode of action of toxic compounds, that is based on the use of a novel logic based kernel method. The technique uses support vector machines in conjunction with the kernels constructed from first order rules induced by an Inductive Logic Programming system. It constructs multi-class models by using a divide and conquer reduction strategy that splits multi-classes into binary groups and solves each individual problem recursively hence generating an underlying decision list structure. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the approach for chemoinformatics problems like predictive toxicology, we apply it to toxicity classification in aquatic systems. The method is used to identify and classify 442 compounds with respect to the mode of action. The experimental results show that the technique successfully classifies toxic compounds and can be useful in assessing environmental risks. Experimental comparison of the performance of the proposed multi-class scheme with the standard multi-class Inductive Logic Programming algorithm and multi-class Support Vector Machine yields statistically significant results and demonstrates the potential power and benefits of the approach in identifying compounds of various toxic mechanisms. Copyright © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. Another Look at the Fizz Keeper: A Case-Study Laboratory Exercise for High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mekelburg, Christopher R.; Szczepankiewicz, Steven H.; Hellerer, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    This case study places the high school student as a researcher for Carbonation Creators (fictional entity), a company responsible for making the Fizzy Forcer (a device to improve carbonation in previously opened bottles of soft drinks). The company faces a class-action lawsuit claiming that the Fizzy Forcer does not retain carbonation levels in…

  9. Reforming Copyright Is Possible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuelson, Pamela

    2012-01-01

    The tantalizing vision of universal access to the cultural and scientific heritage of humanity seemed close to fulfillment in 2008, when Google announced the settlement of a class-action lawsuit charging that its Google Book Search project infringed copyright by scanning in-copyright books from major research-library collections. But it was not to…

  10. Science, Politics, and Best Practice: 35 Years after Larry P.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frisby, Craig L.; Henry, Betty

    2016-01-01

    A little over 35 years have passed since the original "Larry P." decision was handed down in 1979 by Robert Peckham, a federal judge for the US District Court for the Northern District of California. The "Larry P. case" is a shorthand moniker that refers to a class action lawsuit, supported by the Bay Area Association of Black…

  11. The Mexican American Struggle for Equal Educational Opportunity in Mendez v. Westminster: Helping to Pave the Way for Brown v. Board of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valencia, Richard R.

    2005-01-01

    Few people in the United States are aware of the central role that Mexican Americans have played in some of the most important legal struggles regarding school desegregation. The most significant such case is Mendez v. Westminster (1946) , a class-action lawsuit filed on behalf of more than 5,000 Mexican American students in Orange County,…

  12. Roots of Federal ELL Case Run Deep

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral arguments later this month from a class action Miriam Flores, 42-year-old Mexican-born homemaker, joined on behalf of her first child in 1996. The lawsuit, Flores v. State of Arizona, contends that programs for English-language learners in Nogales are deficient and receive inadequate funding from the state.…

  13. Action research to promote medical students' motivation in an English for Specific Purposes class.

    PubMed

    Dehnad, Afsaneh; Nasser, Hayedeh

    2014-01-01

    Action research is an attempt to seek immediate solutions to the problems experienced in educational settings. In this type of research, teachers are the researchers who intend to make instant reforms to develop, and improve their teaching styles and reflect on pedagogical practices. The purpose of this study was to conduct an action research to tackle the problem of students' low motivation in English classes at the medical school of Iran University of Medical Sciences in fall 2010. Participants of this study were 98 third-semester ESP students of medicine. To reform the situation and promote students' motivation to participate in classes more actively and eagerly, the researchers changed the syllabus by applying Kemmis and McTaggart's (1988) cyclical model of action research, and adopting task-based teaching. Data was collected by means of interviews with both teachers and students to determine the changes to be made in the syllabus, classroom observations to monitor students' behavioral changes, and a questionnaire to assess students' attitudes towards the changes. This research study had a number of valuable outcomes the most important of which was a change in classroom behavior of the students.

  14. Doctors' new tool to fight lawsuits: saying 'I'm sorry.' Malpractice insurers find owning up to errors soothes patient anger. 'The risks are extraordinary'.

    PubMed

    Zimmerman, Rachel

    2004-06-01

    A lot of attention and energy has been spent over the past several years on reducing the amount of settlements and awards in malpractice cases. Of course these are important issues, but the best situation for physicians is not to be sued at all. Therefore, the medical community needs to start focusing on ways to prevent lawsuits from being filed in the first place. Recent studies and publications indicate that physicians may have more control over the lawsuit lottery than they realize. An article that appeared on the front page of the May 18, 2004 edition of the Wall Street Journal is reprinted below with permission. This article supports the proposition that the best tool to minimize the possibility of being sued may be as simple as expressing condolence and empathy when there is a bad outcome. The lawsuit reform bill that recently passed the Oklahoma legislature, H.B. 2661, contains an "I'm Sorry Law" that permits physicians to express condolence without those statements being used against them in court. For more information regarding the power of an apology, physicians may want to obtain the book by Michael S. Woods, M.D. (a speaker at the OSMA Physician Survival Summit) titled: "Healing Words: The Power of Apology in Medicine." The book can be obtained from: Doctors in Touch, 708.697.6447 or info@doctorsintouch.com.

  15. The Legal Doctrine on 'Limitation of Liability' in the Precedent Analysis on Plastic Surgery Medical Malpractice Lawsuits.

    PubMed

    Park, Bo Young; Pak, Ji-Hyun; Hong, Seung-Eun; Kang, So Ra

    2015-12-01

    This study intended to review the precedents on plastic surgery medical malpractice lawsuits in lower-court trials, classify the reasons of 'limitation of liability' by type, and suggest a standard in the acknowledgement of limitation of liability ratio. The 30 lower-court's rulings on the cases bearing the medical negligence of the defendants acknowledged the liability ratio of the defendants between 30% and 100%. Ten cases ruled that the defendants were wholly responsible for the negligence or malpractice, while 20 cases acknowledged the limitation of liability principle. In the determination of damage compensation amount, the court considered the cause of the victim side, which contributed in the occurrence of the damage. The court also believed that it is against the idea of fairness to have the assailant pay the whole compensation, even there is no victim-side cause such as previous illness or physical constitution of the patient, and applies the legal doctrine on limitation of liability, which is an independent damage compensation adjustment system. Most of the rulings also limited the ratio of responsibility to certain extent. When considering that the legal doctrine on limitation of liability which supports concrete validity for the fair sharing of damage, the tangible classification of causes of limitation of liability suggested in this study would be a useful tool in forecasting the ruling of a plastic surgery medical malpractice lawsuit.

  16. The Legal Doctrine on 'Limitation of Liability' in the Precedent Analysis on Plastic Surgery Medical Malpractice Lawsuits

    PubMed Central

    Kang, So Ra

    2015-01-01

    This study intended to review the precedents on plastic surgery medical malpractice lawsuits in lower-court trials, classify the reasons of 'limitation of liability' by type, and suggest a standard in the acknowledgement of limitation of liability ratio. The 30 lower-court's rulings on the cases bearing the medical negligence of the defendants acknowledged the liability ratio of the defendants between 30% and 100%. Ten cases ruled that the defendants were wholly responsible for the negligence or malpractice, while 20 cases acknowledged the limitation of liability principle. In the determination of damage compensation amount, the court considered the cause of the victim side, which contributed in the occurrence of the damage. The court also believed that it is against the idea of fairness to have the assailant pay the whole compensation, even there is no victim-side cause such as previous illness or physical constitution of the patient, and applies the legal doctrine on limitation of liability, which is an independent damage compensation adjustment system. Most of the rulings also limited the ratio of responsibility to certain extent. When considering that the legal doctrine on limitation of liability which supports concrete validity for the fair sharing of damage, the tangible classification of causes of limitation of liability suggested in this study would be a useful tool in forecasting the ruling of a plastic surgery medical malpractice lawsuit. PMID:26713045

  17. A question of integrity. Federal prosecutors question Tenet's compliance with integrity agreement in a $323 million False Claims Act lawsuit.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Mark

    2003-01-13

    Tenet Healthcare Corp.'s carefully groomed reputation as a kinder and cleaner for-profit hospital chain alternative took another hit last week when the U.S. Justice Department filed a $323 million lawsuit against the company. The False Claims Act suit alleges Tenet illegally submitted thousands of false claims to maximize revenue. Lawyer Michael Ruggio says Tenet's troubles are far from over.

  18. Patients push for price data. Lawsuits, regulations could cause consumers nationwide to start seeking more transparency from hospitals on outpatient fees.

    PubMed

    Becker, Cinda

    2006-11-20

    Lawsuits over hospital outpatient fees, including a case at Virginia Mason Medical Center, could prompt consumers nationwide to seek more information about their bills. The issue highlights the turf battle between physician- or corporate-owned clinics and competing hospital facilities, and how they're marketed. "We absolutely agree that patients need full information", says Virginia Mason's Sarah Patterson, left.

  19. 76 FR 54153 - Proposed Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Baltimore, MD

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ...: This action proposes to amend Class D and Class E Airspace at Baltimore, MD, as the Martin Non... developed at Martin State Airport. This action would also update the geographic coordinates of the Baltimore... Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 71 to amend Class D airspace and Class E surface airspace at Martin...

  20. A Public Relations Nightmare: ACLU Class Action Lawsuit Exposes Inaccurate and Inequitable High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Terri N.; Brown, Kathleen M.

    2010-01-01

    Florida's decision to equate a GED to a high school diploma undermines the attempt of No Child Left Behind to close the achievement gap, while infringing on the public's trust. Public trust fosters a culture of systemic equity and social justice, which are necessary for academic excellence (Byrk & Schneider, 2003). Florida's code of ethics for…

  1. 77 FR 17362 - Proposed Modification of Class D and Class E Airspace and Revocation of Class E Airspace...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-26

    ... (IFR) at Bellingham International Airport. This action also would remove Class E airspace designated as an extension to a Class D or E surface area at Bellingham International Airport. This action, initiated by the biennial review of the Bellingham airspace area, would enhance the safety and management of...

  2. 75 FR 49866 - Proposed Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Klamath Falls, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-16

    ...-0651; Airspace Docket No. 10-ANM-7] Proposed Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Klamath Falls...). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class D and Class E airspace at Klamath Falls, OR. Decommissioning of the Merrill Non-Directional Radio Beacon (NDB) at Klamath Falls Airport has made this action...

  3. When disaster hits, where does the standard of care go?

    PubMed

    Cushman Esq, Dawn

    2011-01-01

    On July 22, 2011, it was reported in the news that a $25 million-dollar settlement was reached in a class-action lawsuit alleging that Memorial Medical Center in Louisiana failed to adequately prepare for the devastating catastrophe known as Hurricane Katrina. This magnitude of a claim raises serious questions regarding the viability of lawsuits and the lack of immunity available to hospital facilities, physicians, nurses and other healthcare providers for the provision of emergency aid during national disasters. This article is intended to address one aspect of the legal issues facing healthcare providers and to analyze the standard of care by which facilities and individual providers may be judged, measured and assessed following national disasters. © 2011 American Society for Healthcare Risk Management of the American Hospital Association.

  4. 77 FR 38227 - Proposed Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Bozeman, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ...: This action proposes to modify Class D and Class E airspace at Bozeman Yellowstone International.... This action would also update the airport name to Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport. This action would enhance the safety and management of aircraft operations at the airport. DATES: Comments...

  5. First Generation College Students and Selective College Admission: A Quantitative Examination of Class-Based Affirmative Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGann, Matthew L.

    2017-01-01

    Relatively few students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are enrolled in the most selective American colleges and universities. To improve enrollment, scholars have suggested that college admission offices provide these low SES students an admissions advantage, also known as class-based affirmative action. This study examined to what degree…

  6. Freshman year computer engineering students' experiences for flipped physics lab class: An action research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akı, Fatma Nur; Gürel, Zeynep

    2017-02-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine the university students' learning experiences about flipped-physics laboratory class. The research has been completed during the fall semester of 2015 at Computer Engineering Department of Istanbul Commerce University. In this research, also known as a teacher qualitative research design, action research method is preferred to use. The participants are ten people, including seven freshman and three junior year students of Computer Engineering Department. The research data was collected at the end of the semester with the focus group interview which includes structured and open-ended questions. And data was evaluated with categorical content analysis. According to the results, students have some similar and different learning experiences to flipped education method for physics laboratory class.

  7. [Essential drugs and pharmaceutical care: reflection on the access to drugs through lawsuits in Brazil].

    PubMed

    Sant'ana, João Maurício Brambati; Pepe, Vera Lúcia Edais; Osorio-de-Castro, Claudia Garcia Serpa; Ventura, Miriam

    2011-02-01

    The guarantee of pharmaceutical care as a legal right established by the Brazilian federal constitution of 1988 led to an increase in lawsuits to put that right into practice. This phenomenon has been dubbed the judicialization of pharmaceutical care. Studies on this topic have revealed, on the one hand, deficiencies in the access of Unified Health Care (SUS) users to drugs included in Ministry of Health pharmaceutical care lists, and, on the other hand, limitations of the legal system to deal with the situation. The present article addresses these issues in the context of the conceptual framework that supports the Brazilian drug policy and pharmaceutical care policy, especially the notions of essential drugs and allocation of scarce resources.

  8. Medical Advice from Lawyers: A Content Analysis of Advertising for Drug Injury Lawsuits.

    PubMed

    Tippett, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the medical information contained in a sample of television ads soliciting consumers for lawsuits against drug and medical device manufactures. Almost all such ads involved drugs or devices that have not been recalled and remain on the market. These ads raise important public health questions because they may influence the prospective medical decisions of viewers. The ads contained extensive descriptions of serious adverse events associated with the drugs or devices but almost uniformly failed to disclose information relating to the likelihood of such events. They also failed to effectively advise viewers to consult a doctor. Results also identified a subset of ads that mimicked public service announcements, claiming to be. a "medical alert" "consumer alert" or "FDA warning" at the start of the ad. Most such ads did not disclose the attorney source of the advertising until the final few seconds.

  9. Test Market Media Relations as a Pilot Test Component in a Nationwide Class Action Settlement Distribution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellecchia, Michael

    Results of a pilot test for a public relations campaign to assist in the distribution of funds from the settlement of a nationwide class action suit brought by tenants against the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) are presented in this report. The first chapter presents the background of the case, noting that tenants of Section 236…

  10. 77 FR 67396 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under The Comprehensive Environmental Response...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ... lawsuit entitled United States v. Index Sportsmen, Inc. (aka Index Sportsmen Club), Civil Action No. 12-1949. The United States filed this CERCLA lawsuit on behalf of the United States Forest Service. The...

  11. Defamation actions.

    PubMed

    Tapp, A

    1999-03-01

    Registered nurses working in today's fast paced, high-tech health care environments are aware of their professional accountability and that, at some point, they may be involved in legal proceedings related to their practice. A civil lawsuit alleging negligence is the predominant concern nurses have when they turn their minds to this issue.

  12. Discriminating toxicant classes by mode of action. 1. (Eco)toxicity profiles.

    PubMed

    Nendza, Monika; Wenzel, Andrea

    2006-05-01

    Predictive toxicology, particularly quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs), require classification of chemicals by mode of action (MOA). MOA is, however, not a constant property of a compound but it varies between species and may change with concentration and duration of exposure. A battery of MOA-specific in-vitro and low-complexity assays, featuring biomolecular targets for major classes of environmental pollutants, provides characteristic responses for (1.) classification of chemicals by MOA, (2.) identification of (eco)toxicity profiles of chemicals, (3.) identification of chemicals with specific MOAs, (4.) indication of most sensitive species, (5.) identification of chemicals that are outliers in QSARs and (6.) selection of appropriate QSARs for predictions. Chemicals covering nine distinct modes of toxic action (non-polar non-specific toxicants (n=14), polar non-specific toxicants (n=18), uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation (n=25), inhibitors of photosynthesis (n=15), inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (n=14), inhibitors of respiration (n=3), thiol-alkylating agents (n=9), reactives (irritants) (n=8), estrogen receptor agonists (n=9)) were tested for cytotoxicity in the neutralred assay, oxygen consumption in isolated mitochondria, oxygen production in algae, inhibition of AChE, reaction with GSH and activity in the yeast estrogen receptor assay. Data on in-vivo aquatic toxicity (LC50, EC50) towards fish, daphnids, algae and bacteria were collected from the literature for reasons of comparison and reference scaling. In the MOA-specific in-vitro test battery, most test chemicals are specifically active at low concentrations, though multiple effects do occur. Graphical and statistical evaluation of the individual classes versus MOA 1 (non-polar non-specific toxicants) identifies interactions related to predominant MOA. Discriminant analyses (DA) on subsets of the data revealed correct classifications between 70% (in-vivo data) and >90% (in

  13. 78 FR 21044 - Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Reading, PA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-09

    ...This action amends Class D and Class E Airspace at Reading, PA, as the SHAPP OM navigation aid has been decommissioned, requiring the modification of Standard Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAPs) at Reading Regional/Carl A. Spaatz Field. This action enhances the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport.

  14. An Analysis of the Implementation of the South Carolina Anti-Bullying Legislation in the Middle Schools Involved in the Abbeville, South Carolina, School District Lawsuit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith-Canty, Vanessa

    2010-01-01

    This study presents an analysis of the anti-bullying policies of 24 South Carolina middle schools that were involved in the "Abbeville" lawsuit. These schools sued the state of South Carolina alleging that the school finding system was inadequate. The schools are plagued with numerous problems including being among the lowest performing…

  15. 78 FR 48290 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Waco, TX, and Establishment of Class D Airspace; Waco, TSTC-Waco...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ...-0136; Airspace Docket No. 13-ASW-4] Amendment of Class D Airspace; Waco, TX, and Establishment of Class D Airspace; Waco, TSTC-Waco Airport, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class D airspace at Waco, TX, by separating the Class D airspace...

  16. 77 FR 64889 - Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Hawthorne, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ...-2012-1092; Airspace Docket No. 12-AWP-6] Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Hawthorne, CA...: This action amends the airspace description for Class D and Class E airspace at Jack Northrop Field... the legal description of the existing Class D and E airspace at Jack Northrop Field/Hawthorne...

  17. The Judicialization of Health and the Quest for State Accountability: Evidence from 1,262 Lawsuits for Access to Medicines in Southern Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Socal, Mariana P.; Amon, Joseph J.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The impact of increasing numbers of lawsuits for access to medicines in Brazil is hotly debated. Government officials and scholars assert that the “judicialization of health” is driven by urban elites and private interests, and is used primarily to access high-cost drugs. Using a systematic sample of 1,262 lawsuits for access to medicines filed against the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, we assess these claims, offering empirical evidence that counters prevailing myths and affirms the heterogeneity of the judicialization phenomenon. Our findings show that the majority of patient-litigants are in fact poor and older individuals who do not live in major metropolitan areas and who depend on the state to provide their legal representation, and that the majority of medicines requested were already on governmental formularies. Our data challenge arguments that judicialization expands inequities and weakens the universal health care system. Our data also suggest that judicialization may serve as a grassroots instrument for the poor to hold the state accountable. Failing to acknowledge regional differences and attempting to fit all data into one singular narrative may be contributing to a biased interpretation of the nature of judicialization, and limiting the understanding of its drivers, consequences, and implications at local levels. PMID:27781011

  18. Lawsuits in the Air.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hays, Larry

    2000-01-01

    Discusses why indoor air quality problems in schools should be treated, not only as a health problem issue, but as a potential for legal actions. What types of proof are needed to make a legal claim involving indoor air problems are addressed as are the elements which constitute a "sick building." (GR)

  19. 75 FR 57848 - Revocation of Class E Airspace, Brunswick, ME; and Establishment of Class E Airspace, Wiscasset, ME

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ...-0248; Airspace Docket No. 10-ANE-10] Revocation of Class E Airspace, Brunswick, ME; and Establishment of Class E Airspace, Wiscasset, ME AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action removes Class E Airspace at Brunswick NAS, Brunswick, ME, as the airport has...

  20. 76 FR 67103 - Proposed Revision of Class D and Class E Airspace; Hawthorne, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-31

    ...-0610; Airspace Docket No. 11-AWP-10] Proposed Revision of Class D and Class E Airspace; Hawthorne, CA...: This action proposes to revise Class D and E airspace at Jack Northrop Field/Hawthorne Municipal... (14 CFR) Part 71 by revising Class D airspace and Class E airspace designated as an extension to Class...

  1. 75 FR 63709 - Revocation of Class C Airspace, Establishment of Class D Airspace, and Modification of Class E...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-18

    ... foot Class E airspace at Columbus, GA. The FAA is taking this action because Columbus Metropolitan... area and the 700 foot Class E airspace area at Columbus, GA (75 FR 27670). Interested parties were... from 700 feet above the surface at Columbus, Ga. The radius of the Class E surface area at the airport...

  2. Patent Lawsuit Reform Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Latta, Robert E. [R-OH-5

    2011-01-07

    House - 02/07/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition and the Internet. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.1249, which became Public Law 112-29 on 9/16/2011. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  3. 78 FR 50323 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lexington, OK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-19

    ...-0272; Airspace Docket No. 13-ASW-10] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lexington, OK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Class E surface area to a Class E transition area. This action enhances the safety and management of...

  4. The gene patent controversy on Twitter: a case study of Twitter users' responses to the CHEO lawsuit against Long QT gene patents.

    PubMed

    Du, Li; Kamenova, Kalina; Caulfield, Timothy

    2015-08-25

    The recent Canadian lawsuit on patent infringement, filed by the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO), has engendered a significant public debate on whether patenting genes should be legal in Canada. In part, this public debate has involved the use of social networking sites, such as Twitter. This case provides an opportunity to examine how Twitter was used in the context of this gene patent controversy. We collected 310 English-language tweets that contained the keyword "gene patents" by using TOPSY.com and Twitter's built-in search engine. A content analysis of the messages was conducted to establish the users' perspectives on both CHEO's court challenge and the broader controversy over the patenting of human DNA. More specifically, we analyzed the users' demographics, geographic locations, and attitudes toward the CHEO position on gene patents and the patentability of human genes in principle. Our analysis has shown that messages tweeted by news media and health care organizations were re-tweeted most frequently in Twitter discussions regarding both the CHEO patent infringement lawsuit and gene patents in general. 34.8% of tweets were supportive of CHEO, with 52.8% of the supportive tweets suggesting that gene patents contravene patients' rights to health care access. 17.6% of the supportive tweets cited ethical and social concerns against gene patents. Nearly 40% of tweets clearly expressed that human genes should not be patentable, and there were no tweets that presented perspectives favourable toward the patenting of human genes. Access to healthcare and the use of genetic testing were the most important concerns raised by Twitter users in the context of the CHEO case. Our analysis of tweets reveals an expectation that the CHEO lawsuit will provide an opportunity to clear the confusion on gene patents by establishing a legal precedent on the patentability of human genes in Canada. In general, there were no tweets arguing in favour of gene patents

  5. 77 FR 52217 - Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Bozeman, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-29

    ... Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport. This improves the safety and management of Instrument Flight... Class E airspace at Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, Bozeman, MT. This action aligns two Class... airspace designated as an extension to Class D, at Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, Bozeman, MT...

  6. Inhibition of Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels as Common Mode of Action for (Mixtures of) Distinct Classes of Insecticides

    PubMed Central

    Meijer, Marieke; Dingemans, Milou M.L.; van den Berg, Martin; Westerink, Remco H.S.

    2014-01-01

    Humans are exposed to distinct structural classes of insecticides with different neurotoxic modes of action. Because calcium homeostasis is essential for proper neuronal function and development, we investigated the effects of insecticides from different classes (pyrethroid: (α-)cypermethrin; organophosphate: chlorpyrifos; organochlorine: endosulfan; neonicotinoid: imidacloprid) and mixtures thereof on the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). Effects of acute (20 min) exposure to (mixtures of) insecticides on basal and depolarization-evoked [Ca2+]i were studied in vitro with Fura-2-loaded PC12 cells and high resolution single-cell fluorescence microscopy. The data demonstrate that cypermethrin, α-cypermethrin, endosulfan, and chlorpyrifos concentration-dependently decreased depolarization-evoked [Ca2+]i, with 50% (IC50) at 78nM, 239nM, 250nM, and 899nM, respectively. Additionally, acute exposure to chlorpyrifos or endosulfan (10μM) induced a modest increase in basal [Ca2+]i, amounting to 68 ± 8nM and 53 ± 8nM, respectively. Imidacloprid did not disturb basal or depolarization-evoked [Ca2+]i at 10μM. Following exposure to binary mixtures, effects on depolarization-evoked [Ca2+]i were within the expected effect additivity range, whereas the effect of the tertiary mixture was less than this expected additivity effect range. These results demonstrate that different types of insecticides inhibit depolarization-evoked [Ca2+]i in PC12 cells by inhibiting voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) in vitro at concentrations comparable with human occupational exposure levels. Moreover, the effective concentrations in this study are below those for earlier described modes of action. Because inhibition of VGCCs appears to be a common and potentially additive mode of action of several classes of insecticides, this target should be considered in neurotoxicity risk assessment studies. PMID:24913802

  7. 10 CFR Appendix C to Subpart D of... - Classes of Actions that Normally Require EAs but not Necessarily EISs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... resource, hydropower, geothermal, fossil fuel, biomass, and solar energy, but excluding nuclear). For... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Classes of Actions that Normally Require EAs but not Necessarily EISs C Appendix C to Subpart D of Part 1021 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS...

  8. 16 CFR 1025.18 - Class actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE..., regulation, or consumer product safety rule, or (3) Manufacturers, distributors, or retailers, or a... consumer product safety rule. When appropriate, a class may be divided into subclasses and each subclass...

  9. 16 CFR 1025.18 - Class actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE..., regulation, or consumer product safety rule, or (3) Manufacturers, distributors, or retailers, or a... consumer product safety rule. When appropriate, a class may be divided into subclasses and each subclass...

  10. 10 CFR Appendix C to Subpart D of... - Classes of Actions That Normally Require EAS but not Necessarily EISs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., fossil fuel, biomass, and solar energy, but excluding nuclear). For purposes of this category... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Classes of Actions That Normally Require EAS but not Necessarily EISs C Appendix C to Subpart D of Part 1021 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS...

  11. 10 CFR Appendix C to Subpart D of... - Classes of Actions that Normally Require EAs but not Necessarily EISs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., fossil fuel, biomass, and solar energy, but excluding nuclear). For purposes of this category... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Classes of Actions that Normally Require EAs but not Necessarily EISs C Appendix C to Subpart D of Part 1021 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS...

  12. 10 CFR Appendix C to Subpart D of... - Classes of Actions that Normally Require EAs But Not Necessarily EISs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... including, but not limited to, wind resource, hydropower, geothermal, fossil fuel, biomass, and solar energy... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Classes of Actions that Normally Require EAs But Not Necessarily EISs C Appendix C to Subpart D of Part 1021 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS...

  13. Antitumor action of lymphokin-activated cells of patients with soft tissue sarcomas and melanomas in dependence on expression of MHC classes I and II antigenes.

    PubMed

    Berezhnaya, N M; Vinnichuk, U D; Belova, O B; Baranovich, V V

    2006-09-01

    To study expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) classes and antigens and CD25, CD71, Ki-67, CD54, CD56, CD11b, PCNA on lymphocytes and tumor cells and antitumor action of lymphocytes activated with IL-2. Tumor explants (soft tissue sarcoma, n = 20, melanoma, n = 25) were co-cultivated in diffusion chambers with autologous lymphocytes; antitumor action was evaluated by morphologic patterns of explant's growth. Expression of CD25, CD71, Ki-67, CD54, CD56, CD11b, PCNA was evaluated by the method of indirect fluorescence using respective monoclonal antibodies. The highest antitumor action of lymphocytes toward soft tissue sarcoma and melanoma cells is observed if tumor cells are expressing MHC class I antigens. In the cases of soft tissue sarcoma no correlation between the level of antitumor activity of lymphocytes and expression of CD25, CD71, Ki-67, CD54, CD56, CD11b, PCNA has been found, whilst in the case of melanoma it is associated with the high level of CD11b expression. There is a direct correlation between sensitivity of soft tissue sarcoma and melanoma cells to action of lymphokin-activated killer cells and the level of MHC class I antigens.

  14. 75 FR 18403 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Rifle, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-12

    ...-1014; Airspace Docket No. 09-ANM-10] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Rifle, CO AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will establish Class E airspace at Rifle, CO.... This action also changes the airport name in the existing Class E airspace description. DATES...

  15. 78 FR 4306 - Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Twentynine Palms, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-22

    ... the safety and management of aircraft operations at Twentynine Palms SELF Airport, Twentynine Palms.... SUMMARY: This action amends Class D and Class E airspace at Twentynine Palms SELF Airport, Twentynine... name and geographic coordinates of Twentynine Palms SELF Airport, Twentynine Palms, CA. The Class D...

  16. Experiencing Action Evaluation's Cyclic Process: Partnering Conflict, Reflection, and Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrows, Andrea C.; Harkness, Shelly Sheats

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the authors describe experiences in and offer suggestions from a course entitled "Educational Innovation for Excellence Through Action Research, Conflict Resolution, and Organizational Learning"--an action evaluation (AE). The class was taught using the principles of action research and AE. The authors explore the impact…

  17. 78 FR 65554 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Rome, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-01

    ...-0533; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-19] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Rome, OR AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E airspace... (NBAA) supporting the establishment of Class E en route airspace. Class E airspace designations are...

  18. 76 FR 9266 - Proposed Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Idaho Falls, ID

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ...-0023; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANM-2] Proposed Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Idaho Falls, ID...: This action proposes to amend the Class D and Class E airspace areas at Idaho Falls, ID, by changing the name of the airport to Idaho Falls Regional Airport, and adjusting the geographic coordinates of...

  19. 76 FR 30045 - Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Columbus Lawson AAF, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ... Columbus Lawson AAF, GA [AMENDED] Columbus Lawson AAF, GA (Lat. 32[deg]19'55'' N., long. 84[deg]59'14'' W...-0012; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASO-44] Amendment of Class D and Class E Airspace; Columbus Lawson AAF, GA...: This action would modify Class D and Class E airspace at Lawson Army Airfield (AAF), Columbus, GA, by...

  20. Educational Malpractice and Academic Negligence in Private Schools: Legal Implications for School Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassan, Saman

    2009-01-01

    The current litigious climate in the United States has resulted in a notably high frequency of lawsuits being filed against the educational system. School administrators are routinely named in lawsuits filed by disgruntled parents and students against schools and their governing bodies. This dissertation reviewed litigious actions in both public…

  1. 75 FR 65250 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace and Revocation of Class E Airspace; Easton, MD

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ... rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to modify Class E surface airspace and airspace 700 feet... modify Class E surface airspace and Class E airspace extending upward from 700 feet above the surface to... Class E airspace extending upward from 700 feet above the surface are published in Paragraph 6002, 6004...

  2. 76 FR 40598 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Campbellton, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-11

    ...-1053; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-15] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Campbellton, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E airspace... proposed rulemaking to establish Class E airspace for Campbellton, TX, creating controlled airspace at 74...

  3. 76 FR 43822 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Hearne, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-22

    ...-0214; Airspace Docket No. 11-ASW-2] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Hearne, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E airspace... notice of proposed rulemaking to establish Class E airspace for Hearne, TX, creating controlled airspace...

  4. 76 FR 9220 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Martinsville, IN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ...-1031; Airspace Docket No. 10-AGL-19] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Martinsville, IN AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to establish Class E airspace for Martinsville, IN...

  5. 77 FR 56761 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kerrville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ...-1399; Airspace Docket No. 11-ASW-14] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kerrville, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Class E airspace for the Kerrville, TX, area, creating additional controlled airspace at Kerrville...

  6. 16 CFR § 1025.18 - Class actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE..., regulation, or consumer product safety rule, or (3) Manufacturers, distributors, or retailers, or a... consumer product safety rule. When appropriate, a class may be divided into subclasses and each subclass...

  7. 75 FR 65228 - Revocation of Class E Airspace; Chilicothe, MO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ...-0268; Airspace Docket No. 10-ACE-2] Revocation of Class E Airspace; Chilicothe, MO AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action removes Class E airspace for Chilicothe, MO. Airport management and air traffic control facility managers have determined that the Class E...

  8. 78 FR 41685 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Worthington, MN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ...-1139; Airspace Docket No. 12-AGL-12] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Worthington, MN AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Worthington, MN, area, creating additional controlled...

  9. 76 FR 43821 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Ranger, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-22

    ...-1240; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-18] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Ranger, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E airspace... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to establish Class E airspace for Ranger, TX, creating controlled...

  10. 75 FR 13668 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Georgetown, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...-0934; Airspace Docket No. 09-ASW-29] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Georgetown, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Georgetown Municipal Airport...

  11. 76 FR 16530 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Creighton, NE

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-24

    ...-1170; Airspace Docket No. 10-ACE-13] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Creighton, NE AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E airspace... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to establish Class E airspace for Creighton, NE, creating...

  12. 76 FR 47061 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lakeland, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ...-0005; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASO-42] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lakeland, FL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace at Lakeland Linder Regional Airport, Lakeland, FL (75...

  13. 75 FR 68415 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kennett, MO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-08

    ...; Airspace Docket No. 10-ACE-8] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kennett, MO AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for Kennett, MO... rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Kennett, MO, reconfiguring controlled airspace at Kennett Memorial...

  14. 76 FR 80232 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Oneonta, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-23

    ...-0744; Airspace Docket No. 11-ASO-33] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Oneonta, AL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E Airspace... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to establish Class E airspace at...

  15. 78 FR 11980 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Casper, WY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ...-0509; Airspace Docket No. 12-ANM-15] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Casper, WY AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies Class E airspace areas at Casper... were received. Class E airspace designations are published in paragraphs 6004, 6005 and 6006...

  16. 75 FR 65225 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Youngstown, OH

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ...-267; Airspace Docket No. 10-AGL-5] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Youngstown, OH AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Youngstown, OH, creating...

  17. Global Mapping of Traditional Chinese Medicine into Bioactivity Space and Pathways Annotation Improves Mechanistic Understanding and Discovers Relationships between Therapeutic Action (Sub)classes

    PubMed Central

    Mohamad Zobir, Siti Zuraidah; Mohd Fauzi, Fazlin; Liggi, Sonia; Drakakis, Georgios; Fu, Xianjun; Fan, Tai-Ping; Bender, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) still needs more scientific rationale to be proven for it to be accepted further in the West. We are now in the position to propose computational hypotheses for the mode-of-actions (MOAs) of 45 TCM therapeutic action (sub)classes from in silico target prediction algorithms, whose target was later annotated with Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway, and to discover the relationship between them by generating a hierarchical clustering. The results of 10,749 TCM compounds showed 183 enriched targets and 99 enriched pathways from Estimation Score ≤ 0 and ≥ 5% of compounds/targets in a (sub)class. The MOA of a (sub)class was established from supporting literature. Overall, the most frequent top three enriched targets/pathways were immune-related targets such as tyrosine-protein phosphatase nonreceptor type 2 (PTPN2) and digestive system such as mineral absorption. We found two major protein families, G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR), and protein kinase family contributed to the diversity of the bioactivity space, while digestive system was consistently annotated pathway motif, which agreed with the important treatment principle of TCM, “the foundation of acquired constitution” that includes spleen and stomach. In short, the TCM (sub)classes, in many cases share similar targets/pathways despite having different indications. PMID:26989424

  18. 77 FR 66069 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Perry, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-01

    ...-1435; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-28] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Perry, IA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Perry, IA... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Perry, IA, area, creating additional...

  19. 77 FR 66067 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Boone, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-01

    ...-1432; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-25] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Boone, IA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Boone, IA... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Boone, IA, area, creating additional...

  20. 75 FR 13667 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Huntingburg, IN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...; Airspace Docket No. 09-AGL-21] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Huntingburg, IN AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Huntingburg, IN... rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Huntingburg Airport, Huntingburg, IN (74 FR 66592) Docket No. FAA...

  1. 76 FR 40597 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Madison, SD

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-11

    ...-0135; Airspace Docket No. 11-AGL-4] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Madison, SD AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for Madison, SD, to... rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Madison, SD, creating controlled airspace at Madison Municipal...

  2. 75 FR 41076 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Monterey, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ...-1030; Airspace Docket No. 09-AWP-8] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Monterey, CA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will establish Class E... area. Class E airspace designations are published in paragraph 6002 of FAA Order 7400.9T signed August...

  3. 77 FR 46282 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Sweetwater, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-03

    ...-0829; Airspace Docket No. 11-ASW-9] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Sweetwater, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Sweetwater, TX, area...

  4. 77 FR 51464 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Augusta, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-24

    ...-1334; Airspace Docket No. 11-ASO-43] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Augusta, GA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace in... amend Class E airspace in the Augusta, GA area (77 FR 21506). Interested parties were invited to...

  5. 75 FR 65224 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Williston, ND

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ...-0407; Airspace Docket No. 10-AGL-7] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Williston, ND AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Williston...

  6. 78 FR 27031 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kingston, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ...-0831; Airspace Docket No. 12-AEA-13] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kingston, NY AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace at Kingston, NY...

  7. 75 FR 41075 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bozeman, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ...-1220; Airspace Docket No. 09-ANM-30] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bozeman, MT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will amend Class E airspace at... proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace at Bozeman, MT (75 FR 20321). Interested parties were invited...

  8. 76 FR 55554 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Rutherfordton, NC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-08

    ...-1330; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASO-41] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Rutherfordton, NC AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace 700 feet above...

  9. 76 FR 70865 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Driggs, ID

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ...-0837; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANM-17] Modification of Class E Airspace; Driggs, ID AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies Class E airspace at... were received. Class E airspace designations are published in paragraph 6005, of FAA Order 7400.9V...

  10. 77 FR 10649 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Douglas, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-23

    ...-1313; Airspace Docket No. 11-AWP-17] Modification of Class E Airspace; Douglas, AZ AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies Class E airspace at... airport, and corrects a typographical error in the legal description for the Class E 700 foot airspace...

  11. 77 FR 46284 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lemmon, SD

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-03

    ...-0391; Airspace Docket No. 12-AGL-2] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lemmon, SD AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Lemmon, SD... rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Lemmon, SD, area, creating additional controlled airspace...

  12. 77 FR 32896 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Billings, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ...-0316; Airspace Docket No. 12-ANM-1] Modification of Class E Airspace; Billings, MT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies Class E airspace at... were received. Class E airspace designations are published in paragraph 6005, of FAA Order 7400.9V...

  13. 75 FR 41077 - Revision of Class E Airspace; Monterey, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ...-0633; Airspace Docket No. 10-AWP-12] Revision of Class E Airspace; Monterey, CA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action revises Class E airspace at...: History The FAA received a request from NACO to clarify the legal description of the existing Class E...

  14. 75 FR 65226 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Bamberg, SC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ...-0685; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASO-27] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Bamberg, SC AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E Airspace... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to establish Class E airspace at Bamberg, SC (75 FR 52654) Docket...

  15. 75 FR 65227 - Revocation of Class E Airspace; Franklin, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ...-0603; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-9] Revocation of Class E Airspace; Franklin, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action removes Class E airspace for... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to remove Class E airspace for Franklin...

  16. 75 FR 43814 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Goldsboro, NC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-27

    ...-0095; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASO-18] Amendment of Class D Airspace; Goldsboro, NC AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends the Class D Airspace at... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class D airspace for Seymour...

  17. 76 FR 44254 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Denton, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ...-1327; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-19] Amendment of Class D Airspace; Denton, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class D airspace for Denton, TX, to... rulemaking to amend Class D airspace for Denton, TX, creating additional controlled airspace at Denton...

  18. 78 FR 67296 - Establishment of Class D Airspace; Mesquite, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-12

    ...-0580; Airspace Docket No. 12-ASW-2] Establishment of Class D Airspace; Mesquite, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class D airspace... establish Class D airspace for Mesquite Metro Airport, Mesquite, TX (78 FR 48842) Docket No. FAA-2012- 0580...

  19. 78 FR 48294 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mason, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ...-1141; Airspace Docket No. 12-ASW-12] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mason, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Mason, TX... Approach Procedures at Mason County Airport. This action enhances the safety and management of Instrument...

  20. 77 FR 4458 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Rugby, ND

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-30

    ...-0433; Airspace Docket No. 11-AGL-12] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Rugby, ND AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for Rugby, ND. Decommissioning of the Rugby non-directional beacon (NDB) at Rugby Municipal Airport has made this action...

  1. 78 FR 57788 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Everett, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-20

    ...-0434; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-1] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Everett, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies Class E airspace at Everett, WA, to... the FAA. No comments were received. Class E airspace designations are published in paragraph 6004, of...

  2. 77 FR 68067 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Coaldale, NV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-15

    ...-0705; Airspace Docket No. 12-AWP-4] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Coaldale, NV AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E airspace... forth in the NPRM for lowering the Class E airspace down to 1,200 feet above the surface was vague and...

  3. 75 FR 72939 - Modification of Class E Airspace; Portland, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-29

    ...-0719; Airspace Docket No. 10-ANM-8] Modification of Class E Airspace; Portland, OR AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will modify existing Class E.... Class E airspace designations are published in paragraph 6005 of FAA Order 7400.9U dated August 18, 2010...

  4. 76 FR 9219 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Muncie, IN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ...-1032; Airspace Docket No. 10-AGL-20] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Muncie, IN AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Muncie, IN, to... proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Muncie, IN, creating controlled airspace at Ball Memorial...

  5. 78 FR 33963 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Atwood, KS

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-06

    ...; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-24] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Atwood, KS AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Atwood, KS... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the...

  6. 77 FR 68681 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Anthony, KS

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ...-0652; Airspace Docket No. 12-ACE-4] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Anthony, KS AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Anthony, KS... the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Anthony...

  7. Exploring knowledge exchange at the research-policy-practice interface in children's behavioral health services.

    PubMed

    Leslie, Laurel K; Maciolek, Susan; Biebel, Kathleen; Debordes-Jackson, Gifty; Nicholson, Joanne

    2014-11-01

    This case study explored core components of knowledge exchange among researchers, policymakers, and practitioners within the context of the Rosie D. versus Romney class action lawsuit in Massachusetts and the development and implementation of its remedial plan. We identified three distinct, sequential knowledge exchange episodes with different purposes, stakeholders, and knowledge exchanged, as decision-making moved from Federal Medicaid policy to state Medicaid program standards and to community-level practice. The knowledge exchanged included research regarding Wraparound, a key component of the remedial plan, as well as contextual information critical for implementation (e.g., Federal Medicaid policy, managed care requirements, community organizations' characteristics).

  8. Lawsuit Abuse Reduction Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Smith, Lamar [R-TX-21

    2013-07-11

    Senate - 11/18/2013 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  9. 75 FR 31677 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Austin, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-04

    ...-1152; Airspace Docket No. 09-ASW-31] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Austin, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for the Austin, TX... Procedures (SIAPs) at Austin Executive Airport, Austin, TX. The FAA is taking this action to enhance the...

  10. 76 FR 55555 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Shelby, NC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-08

    ...-0280; Airspace Docket No. 11-ASO-16] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Shelby, NC AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at Shelby, NC, to... rulemaking to amend Class E airspace at Shelby, NC (76 FR 35799) Docket No. FAA-2011-0280. Interested parties...

  11. 76 FR 28887 - Revocation of Class E Airspace; Ozark, MO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-19

    ...-0432; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-8] Revocation of Class E Airspace; Ozark, MO AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action removes Class E airspace at Ozark, MO... Regulations (14 CFR) Part 71 by removing Class E airspace in the Ozark, MO, area. Abandonment of the former...

  12. 75 FR 13669 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Dumas, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...-1151; Airspace Docket No. 09-ASW-30] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Dumas, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for Dumas, TX, adding... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Dumas, TX...

  13. 76 FR 35966 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Cocoa, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-21

    ...-0070; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASO-43] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Cocoa, FL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at Cocoa, FL, as the... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace at Merritt...

  14. 78 FR 48291 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Sparta, WI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ...-0165; Airspace Docket No. 13-AGL-6] Amendment of Class D Airspace; Sparta, WI AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class D airspace at Sparta, WI... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class D airspace for Sparta/Fort McCoy Airport (78...

  15. 78 FR 26243 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Easton, PA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ...-0394; Airspace Docket No. 12-AEA-8] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Easton, PA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at Easton, PA, as the... (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace at Easton, PA (78 FR 5152) Docket No. FAA-2012-0394. Interested parties...

  16. 77 FR 64919 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Princeton, KY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ... Class E Airspace; Princeton, KY AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class E Airspace at Princeton, KY to... serving the Princeton-Caldwell County Airport. This action would enhance the safety and airspace...

  17. 78 FR 34552 - Modification of Class D and Class E Airspace and Establishment of Class E Airspace; Pasco, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-10

    ... aircraft using Area Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS) standard instrument approach.... This action also makes a minor change to the legal description of the Class E airspace designated as an...

  18. [Empirical studies on some drugs for patent lawsuits in the age of manufacturing patents].

    PubMed

    Yamakawa, Koji; Nishitani, Kiyoshi

    2009-01-01

    Empirical studies on patent lawsuits for some drugs by author (K.Y.) from 1953-1998, are described. Case 1: One of the authors (K.Y.) clarified that silylmethylation of a penicillin derivative gave either N, O-disilylmethylated product or O-monosilylmethylated product. However, only O-silylmethylated product was obtained after the usual work-up (Fig. 1). Case 2: A point under discussion of the trial is whether the reported manufacturing process of "metoclopramide" is possible or not. One of the authors (K. Y.) clarified the possibility by means of a careful synthetic experiment (Fig. 2). Case 3: The essential effective structure of herbicides, Roundup (Monsanto Co.) and Sulfosate (Stoph Co.), was the same in highly diluted solution (Fig. 3). Case 4: Cimetidine has been prepared by the Oxy procedure (SKB Co.), but another cimetidine (Fujimoto Co.) was prepared by the Lek procedure. Is it true? Experimental preparations of both cimetidines by the respective Oxy and Lek processes, were achieved by the authors. The cimetidine in the tablet named "Cylock" by Fujimoto Pharm. Co., Ltd. should be manufactured by the Oxy process on the basis of the by-products analysis (Fig. 4). Finally, a short history of patents in Japan from 1899-1975 is described.

  19. 7 CFR 632.52 - Identifying typical classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... quality of the human environment, the RFO will: (i) Modify the action to eliminate or mitigate the... proposal is determined to be a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human... prevent loss of life or property under the extreme danger provisions of priority 1 as described in § 632...

  20. 7 CFR 632.52 - Identifying typical classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... quality of the human environment, the RFO will: (i) Modify the action to eliminate or mitigate the... proposal is determined to be a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human... prevent loss of life or property under the extreme danger provisions of priority 1 as described in § 632...

  1. 7 CFR 632.52 - Identifying typical classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... quality of the human environment, the RFO will: (i) Modify the action to eliminate or mitigate the... proposal is determined to be a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human... prevent loss of life or property under the extreme danger provisions of priority 1 as described in § 632...

  2. 7 CFR 632.52 - Identifying typical classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... quality of the human environment, the RFO will: (i) Modify the action to eliminate or mitigate the... proposal is determined to be a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human... prevent loss of life or property under the extreme danger provisions of priority 1 as described in § 632...

  3. 7 CFR 632.52 - Identifying typical classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... quality of the human environment, the RFO will: (i) Modify the action to eliminate or mitigate the... proposal is determined to be a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human... prevent loss of life or property under the extreme danger provisions of priority 1 as described in § 632...

  4. You're it! How to psychologically survive an internal investigation, disciplinary proceeding, or legal action in the police, fire, medical, mental health, legal, or emergency services professions.

    PubMed

    Miller, Laurence

    2009-01-01

    Rightly or wrongly, law enforcement, public safety, medical, mental health, legal, and emergency services professionals may have to face internal investigation, disciplinary measures, license suspension, criminal prosecution, civil lawsuits, and/or personal life disruption related to actions taken in the course of their work. This article describes the main categories of misconduct--or simply mistakes--that can cause different types of professionals to be investigated, charged, prosecuted, and/or sued. It next discusses the kinds of psychological reactions commonly seen in workers who face these kinds of proceedings. Finally, the article offers a set of practical psychological coping strategies and procedural recommendations for dealing with the stresses of an investigation, administrative action, or litigation, and for mitigating their effects on one's life and career.

  5. 45 CFR 1225.19 - Corrective action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Corrective action. 1225.19 Section 1225.19 Public... Corrective action. (a) When discrimination is found, Peace Corps or ACTION must take appropriate action to... corrective action to the agent and other class members in accordance with § 1225.10 of this part. (b) When...

  6. 45 CFR 1225.19 - Corrective action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Corrective action. 1225.19 Section 1225.19 Public... Corrective action. (a) When discrimination is found, Peace Corps or ACTION must take appropriate action to... corrective action to the agent and other class members in accordance with § 1225.10 of this part. (b) When...

  7. 75 FR 12678 - Revision of Class E Airspace; Dillingham, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 [Docket No. FAA-2009-1055; Airspace Docket No. 09-AAL-16] Revision of Class E Airspace; Dillingham, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action revises Class E airspace at...

  8. 78 FR 48298 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Commerce, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ...-0269; Airspace Docket No. 13-ASW-3] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Commerce, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Commerce, TX. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to accommodate new Area Navigation (RNAV...

  9. 75 FR 30295 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Hoquiam, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 [Docket No. FAA-2009-1063; Airspace Docket No. 09-ANM-22] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Hoquiam, WA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will amend existing Class E...

  10. 76 FR 14800 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Wolfeboro, NH

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-18

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 [Docket No. FAA-2010-1007; Airspace Docket No. 10-ANE-109] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Wolfeboro, NH AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E Airspace...

  11. 78 FR 76781 - Proposed Modification of Class B Airspace; Salt Lake City, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-19

    ... City, UT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking... City Class B airspace area by raising the floor of a small portion of Class B airspace between the Salt Lake City Class B surface area and the Hill Air Force Base (AFB) Class D airspace area. This action...

  12. Aula Verde: art as experience in community-based environmental education.

    PubMed

    Abarca, Marco A

    2010-01-01

    After winning a class-action lawsuit against unconstitutional prison conditions in Puerto Rico, Marco Abarca managed to direct part of the fine monies accumulated throughout years of litigation toward an investment that would improve the living conditions in one of the largest and poorest housing projects in Puerto Rico. With the participation of parolees and probationers, he began to transform a mosquito-infested badland into a natural haven. Then, with the help of science educators, the group designed a workshop for elementary school children on urban ecology. As the participants organized, what developed was a community-based, self-employed enterprise known as Aula Verde.

  13. Tort reform is associated with more medical board complaints and disciplinary actions.

    PubMed

    Stewart, Ronald M; Love, Joseph D; Rocheleau, Lisa A; Sirinek, Kenneth R

    2012-04-01

    Previous reports have confirmed that comprehensive tort reform in Texas (enacted in 2003) was associated with fewer lawsuits and less litigation-associated cost. We hypothesized that complaints to the Texas Medical Board (TMB) increased after tort reform. To test this hypothesis, we compared complaints, investigations, disciplinary actions, and penalties against physicians before and after comprehensive state tort reform measures were adopted. Data were obtained from the TMB for a 15-year period (1996 to 2010). When comparing the period before tort reform (1996 to 2002) with the period after tort reform (2004 to 2010), TMB complaints increased 13%; investigations opened increased 33%, disciplinary actions increased 96%, license revocations or surrenders increased 47%, and financial penalties increased 367%. All of these increases were statistically significant (p ≤ 0.01). After tort reform in Texas, the total number of complaints, investigations, disciplinary decisions, license revocations or surrenders, and financial penalties from the TMB significantly increased. In Texas, tort reform was accompanied by legislatively directed, enhanced oversight and activity of the authority (TMB) charged with regulation of the medical profession. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. 48 CFR 501.404-70 - Contract action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract action. 501.404... Contract action. Contract action. A contract action, for the purpose of determining whether an individual or class deviation is appropriate, has the same meaning as that used for reporting contract actions...

  15. Co-Teaching an Online Action Research Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Brent G.; Linder VanBerschot, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    Two instructors report our experience co-teaching an action research (AR) required as part of an e-learning master's degree. Adopting a practice-centered stance we focus on the course activities of participants (instructors and students), with particular attention to the careful crafting of course elements with the goal of achieving an…

  16. 32 CFR 1633.6 - Consideration of classes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Forces or Whose Parent or Sibling is in a Captured or Missing in Action Status. Class 4-A: Registrant Who... 1-C: Member of the Armed Forces of the United States, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric... Service in Lieu of Induction. Class 4-T: Treaty Alien. Class 4-F-: Registrant Not Acceptable for Military...

  17. 76 FR 18378 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Taylor, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-04

    ...-1189; Airspace Docket No. 10-AWP-19] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Taylor, AZ AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will amend Class E airspace at Taylor Airport, Taylor, AZ, to accommodate aircraft using the CAMBO One Departure, and the Area Navigation (RNAV...

  18. 78 FR 40076 - Proposed Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Oakland, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ...; Oakland, CA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace extending upward from 700 feet above... instrument approach procedures at the airport. This action would also modify Class E surface airspace...

  19. 75 FR 66300 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Searcy, AR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-28

    ...-1182; Airspace Docket No. 09-ASW-37] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Searcy, AR AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for Searcy, AR. Decommissioning of the Searcy non-directional beacon (NDB) at Searcy Municipal Airport, Searcy, AR, has made this...

  20. 75 FR 29654 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Manila, AR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ...-1184; Airspace Docket No. 09-ASW-39] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Manila, AR AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for Manila, AR. Decommissioning of the Manila non-directional beacon (NDB) at Manila Municipal Airport, Manila, AR has made this...

  1. 77 FR 5 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kipnuk, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-03

    ...-0866; Airspace Docket No. 11-AAL-15] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kipnuk, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies Class E airspace at Kipnuk, AK. The... a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend controlled airspace at Kipnuk, AK (76 FR 54149...

  2. 75 FR 32271 - Revision of Class E Airspace; Nenana, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ...-0081; Airspace Docket No. 10-AAL-3] Revision of Class E Airspace; Nenana, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action revises Class E airspace at Nenana, AK, to..., Federal Aviation Administration, 222 West 7th Avenue, Box 14, Anchorage, AK 99513-7587; telephone number...

  3. 75 FR 12679 - Revision of Class E Airspace; Iliamna, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ...-1036; Airspace Docket No. 09-AAL-17] Revision of Class E Airspace; Iliamna, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action revises Class E airspace at Iliamna, AK, to..., Federal Aviation Administration, 222 West 7th Avenue, Box 14, Anchorage, AK 99513-7587; telephone number...

  4. 75 FR 33165 - Revision of Class E Airspace; Galena, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-11

    ...-0299; Airspace Docket No. 10-AAL-9] Revision of Class E Airspace; Galena, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final Rule. SUMMARY: This action revises Class E airspace at Galena, AK, to...-538G, Federal Aviation Administration, 222 West 7th Avenue, Box 14, Anchorage, AK 99513-7587; telephone...

  5. [Right-to-health litigation in three Latin American countries: a systematic literature review].

    PubMed

    Reveiz, Ludovic; Chapman, Evelina; Torres, Rubén; Fitzgerald, James F; Mendoza, Adriana; Bolis, Mónica; Salgado, Osvaldo

    2013-03-01

    Identify and evaluate studies that analyzed characteristics of right-to-health litigation in Brazil, Colombia, and Costa Rica. Studies were evaluated that analyzed characteristics of right-to-health litigation identified through a search of PubMed, LILACS, Cochrane Library, and Scirus (April 2012). Two reviewers evaluated the studies. Variables collected were, among others, grounds for litigation, proportion of lawsuits for benefits covered by the health system, and lawsuits on high-cost technologies. Thirty studies were identified (Brazil 19, Colombia 10, and Costa Rica 1). Judgments were frequently in favor of plaintiffs: Colombia (75%-87%), Costa Rica (89.7%), and Brazil (70%-100%). In Colombia, lawsuits were filed for benefits included in the Compulsory Health Plan (range: 41%-69.9%). In Brazil there was considerable variation in the amount of lawsuits between the Exceptional Circumstance Drug Dispensing Program (13%-31%) and basic medicines in the Unified Health System (approximately 50%). Lawsuits on drugs varied as a percentage of all lawsuits (Colombia 11.9%-35.6%, Costa Rica 30.2%, and Brazil 49.6%). A study in Brazil found a statistically significant difference when comparing lawsuits on exceptional drugs versus all other drugs, by social class; and in another study, according to lawsuits from municipalities with better socioeconomic indicators. A concentration of lawsuits on drug prescribing by a limited group of physicians was reported. Prescribing was not always supported by scientific evidence. Another study found that in half of the cases, the cost of legal proceedings was higher than the cost of the services being claimed. There are similarities in the grounds, nature, and impact of litigation in the context of the countries studied. The studies included show weaknesses of health systems to ensure access to different services as well as in the introduction of new health technologies.

  6. 75 FR 62458 - Revision of Class E Airspace; Tanana, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...-0588 Airspace Docket No. 10-AAL-16] Revision of Class E Airspace; Tanana, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action revises Class E airspace at Tanana, AK. The... West 7th Avenue, Box 14, Anchorage, AK 99513-7587; telephone number (907) 271-5898; fax: (907) 271-2850...

  7. 76 FR 66178 - Revision of Class E Airspace; Umiat, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-26

    ...-0750; Airspace Docket No. 11-AAL-08] Revision of Class E Airspace; Umiat, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action revises Class E airspace at Umiat, AK, due to...-538G, Federal Aviation Administration, 222 West 7th Avenue, Box 14, Anchorage, AK 99513-7587; telephone...

  8. 75 FR 32272 - Revision of Class E Airspace; Kaltag, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ...-0082; Airspace Docket No. 10-AAL-4] Revision of Class E Airspace; Kaltag, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action revises Class E airspace at Kaltag, AK, to..., Anchorage, AK 99513-7587; telephone number (907) 271-5898; fax: (907) 271-2850; e-mail: [email protected

  9. 76 FR 53049 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Shelby, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-25

    ...-0536; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANM-13] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Shelby, MT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies Class E airspace at Shelby, MT, to... E airspace designations are published in paragraph 6005 of FAA Order 7400.9U dated August 18, 2010...

  10. 75 FR 12975 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Battle Mountain, NV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 [Docket No. FAA-2009-1057; Airspace Docket No. 09-AWP-9] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Battle Mountain, NV AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will establish Class...

  11. 76 FR 44285 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Fayette, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ... Class E Airspace; Fayette, AL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E Airspace at Fayette, AL, as the... at Richard Arthur Field, Fayette, AL. Airspace reconfiguration is necessary due to the...

  12. 76 FR 35369 - Proposed Establishment of Class D and Amendment of Class E Airspace; Los Angeles, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-17

    ... Angeles International Airport. The FAA is proposing this action to enhance the safety and management of... rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class D airspace at Los Angeles International... be submitted in triplicate to the Docket Management System (see ADDRESSES section for address and...

  13. Legal and health variations in drug litigation injunctions granted in Minas Gerais

    PubMed Central

    Coelho, Tiago Lopes; Ferré, Felipe; Campos, Orozimbo Henriques; Acurcio, Francisco de Assis; Cherchiglia, Mariângela Leal; Andrade, Eli Iola Gurgel

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the factors related to the granting of preliminary court orders [injunctions] in drug litigations. METHODS A retrospective descriptive study of drug lawsuits in the State of Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil, was conducted from October 1999 to 2009. The database consists of 6,112 lawsuits, out of which 6,044 had motions for injunctions and 5,167 included the requisition of drugs. Those with more than one beneficiary were excluded, which totaled 5,072 examined suits. The variables for complete, partial, and suppressed motions were treated as dependent and assessed in relation to those that were independent – lawsuits (year, type, legal representation, defendant, court in which it was filed, adjudication time), drugs (level five of the anatomical therapeutic chemical classification), and diseases (chapter of the International Classification of Diseases). Statistical analyses were performed using the Chi-square test. RESULTS Out of the 5,072 lawsuits with injunctions, 4,184 (82.5%) had the injunctions granted. Granting varied from 95.8% of the total lawsuits in 2004 to 76.9% in 2008. Where there was legal representation, granting exceeded 80.0% and in lawsuits without representation, it did not exceed 66.9%. In public civil actions (89.1%), granting was higher relative to ordinary lawsuits (82.8%) and injunctions (80.1%). Federal courts granted only 68.6% of the injunctions, while the state courts granted 84.8%. Diseases of the digestive system and neoplasms received up to 87.0% in granting, while diseases of the nervous system, mental and behavioral disorders, and diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue received granting below 78.6% and showed a high proportion of suspended injunctions (10.9%). Injunctions involving paroxetine, somatropin, and ferrous sulfate drugs were all granted, while less than 54.0% of those involving escitalopram, sodium diclofenac, and nortriptyline were granted. CONCLUSIONS There are significant differences in

  14. An Action Research Study into the Role of Student Negotiation in Enhancing Perceived Student Engagement during English Speaking Classes at University Level in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uztosun, Mehmet Sercan; Skinner, Nigel; Cadorath, Jill

    2018-01-01

    A major issue in English language teaching in Turkey and other monolingual countries is the teaching of spoken English. This article reports the initial and final stages of an action research study which used student negotiation to enhance student engagement in speaking classes. The research was conducted in the English Language Teaching…

  15. 76 FR 53356 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Greenfield, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ...-0846; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-18] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Greenfield, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Greenfield, IA. Decommissioning of the Greenfield non-directional beacon (NDB) at Greenfield Municipal Airport, Greenfield, IA, has made this action necessary for...

  16. 76 FR 56127 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mercury, NV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ...-0894; Airspace Docket No. 11-AWP-14] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mercury, NV AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Mercury, Desert Rock Airport, Mercury, NV. Decommissioning of the Mercury Non- Directional Beacon (NDB) at Mercury, Desert Rock Airport has made this action...

  17. 77 FR 16783 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Orlando, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ...-0503; Airspace Docket No. 11-ASO-19] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Orlando, FL AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E Airspace at Orlando, FL, as new Standard Instrument Approach Procedures have been developed at Orlando Executive Airport. This action would enhance the safety and airspace...

  18. 76 FR 28685 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Hannibal, MO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ...-0046; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-1] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Hannibal, MO AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Hannibal, MO. Decommissioning of the Hannibal non-directional beacon (NDB) at Hannibal Regional Airport, Hannibal, MO, has made this action necessary for the...

  19. 76 FR 30299 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Kayenta, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-25

    ...-0393; Airspace Docket No. 11-AWP-2] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Kayenta, AZ AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E Airspace at Kayenta Airport, Kayenta, AZ. Controlled airspace is...) standard instrument approach procedures at Kayenta Airport. The FAA is proposing this action to enhance the...

  20. Proposed actions are no actions: re-modeling an ontology design pattern with a realist top-level ontology.

    PubMed

    Seddig-Raufie, Djamila; Jansen, Ludger; Schober, Daniel; Boeker, Martin; Grewe, Niels; Schulz, Stefan

    2012-09-21

    Ontology Design Patterns (ODPs) are representational artifacts devised to offer solutions for recurring ontology design problems. They promise to enhance the ontology building process in terms of flexibility, re-usability and expansion, and to make the result of ontology engineering more predictable. In this paper, we analyze ODP repositories and investigate their relation with upper-level ontologies. In particular, we compare the BioTop upper ontology to the Action ODP from the NeOn an ODP repository. In view of the differences in the respective approaches, we investigate whether the Action ODP can be embedded into BioTop. We demonstrate that this requires re-interpreting the meaning of classes of the NeOn Action ODP in the light of the precepts of realist ontologies. As a result, the re-design required clarifying the ontological commitment of the ODP classes by assigning them to top-level categories. Thus, ambiguous definitions are avoided. Classes of real entities are clearly distinguished from classes of information artifacts. The proposed approach avoids the commitment to the existence of unclear future entities which underlies the NeOn Action ODP. Our re-design is parsimonious in the sense that existing BioTop content proved to be largely sufficient to define the different types of actions and plans. The proposed model demonstrates that an expressive upper-level ontology provides enough resources and expressivity to represent even complex ODPs, here shown with the different flavors of Action as proposed in the NeOn ODP. The advantage of ODP inclusion into a top-level ontology is the given predetermined dependency of each class, an existing backbone structure and well-defined relations. Our comparison shows that the use of some ODPs is more likely to cause problems for ontology developers, rather than to guide them. Besides the structural properties, the explanation of classification results were particularly hard to grasp for 'self-sufficient' ODPs as

  1. 76 FR 77383 - Amendment of Class C Airspace; Palm Beach International Airport, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ...-0527; Airspace Docket No. 11-AWA-2] Amendment of Class C Airspace; Palm Beach International Airport, FL... action modifies the Palm Beach International Airport, FL, Class C airspace area by raising the floor of Class C airspace over Palm Beach County Park Airport. The FAA is taking this action to enhance safety...

  2. 78 FR 6257 - Proposed Amendment of Class C Airspace; Nashville International Airport, TN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-30

    ...-0031; Airspace Docket No. 12-AWA-7] RIN 2120-AA66 Proposed Amendment of Class C Airspace; Nashville... rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to modify the Nashville International Airport, TN, Class C... around an airport that is now permanently closed. The FAA is proposing this action to return the Class C...

  3. 76 FR 3571 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Kahului, HI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-20

    ...-1233; Airspace Docket No. 10-AWP-21] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Kahului, HI AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Kahului Airport, Kahului, HI. Controlled airspace is... procedures at Kahului Airport, Kahului, HI. The FAA is proposing this action to enhance the safety and...

  4. 75 FR 6592 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Emmetsburg, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ...-1153; Airspace Docket No. 09-ACE-13] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Emmetsburg, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Emmetsburg, IA. Additional controlled airspace is necessary..., Emmetsburg, IA. The FAA is taking this action to enhance the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules...

  5. 77 FR 45987 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Guthrie, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-02

    ...-1436; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-29] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Guthrie, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Guthrie, IA. Decommissioning of the Guthrie Center non-directional radio beacon (NDB) at Guthrie County Regional Airport, Guthrie, IA, has made this action necessary...

  6. 75 FR 6594 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Osceola, AR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ...-1183; Airspace Docket No. 09-ASW-38] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Osceola, AR AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Osceola, AR. Decommissioning of the Osceola non-directional beacon (NDB) at Osceola Municipal Airport, Osceola, AR, has made this action necessary for the safety and...

  7. 78 FR 63380 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; St. George, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-24

    ...-0600; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-18] Amendment of Class E Airspace; St. George, UT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at St. George Municipal Airport, St. George, UT, by removing the operating hours established by a Notice to...

  8. 75 FR 3984 - Establishment of Class D and Class E Airspace, Modification of Class E Airspace; Ocala, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... airspace at Ocala International Airport-Jim Taylor Field, Ocala, FL. This action also makes a minor... International Airport--Jim Taylor Field, Ocala, FL, published in the Federal Register June 24, 2009 (74 FR 29939... radius in the Class E5 description for Ocala International Airport--Jim Taylor Field was stated...

  9. 75 FR 6595 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mapleton, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ...-1155; Airspace Docket No. 09-ACE-14] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mapleton, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Mapleton, IA. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to..., Mapleton, IA. The FAA is taking this action to enhance the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules...

  10. 76 FR 53353 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Carroll, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ...-0845; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-19] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Carroll, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Carroll, IA. Decommissioning of the Carroll non-directional beacon (NDB) at Arthur N. Neu Airport, Carroll, IA, has made this action necessary for the safety and...

  11. The organization of the posterior parietal cortex devoted to upper limb actions: An fMRI study

    PubMed Central

    Ferri, Stefania; Rizzolatti, Giacomo

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The present fMRI study examined whether upper‐limb action classes differing in their motor goal are encoded by different PPC sectors. Action observation was used as a proxy for action execution. Subjects viewed actors performing object‐related (e.g., grasping), skin‐displacing (e.g., rubbing the skin), and interpersonal upper limb actions (e.g., pushing someone). Observation of the three action classes activated a three‐level network including occipito‐temporal, parietal, and premotor cortex. The parietal region common to observing all three action classes was located dorsally to the left intraparietal sulcus (DIPSM/DIPSA border). Regions specific for observing an action class were obtained by combining the interaction between observing action classes and stimulus types with exclusive masking for observing the other classes, while for regions considered preferentially active for a class the interaction was exclusively masked with the regions common to all observed actions. Left putative human anterior intraparietal was specific for observing manipulative actions, and left parietal operculum including putative human SII region, specific for observing skin‐displacing actions. Control experiments demonstrated that this latter activation depended on seeing the skin being moved and not simply on seeing touch. Psychophysiological interactions showed that the two specific parietal regions had similar connectivities. Finally, observing interpersonal actions preferentially activated a dorsal sector of left DIPSA, possibly the homologue of ventral intraparietal coding the impingement of the target person's body into the peripersonal space of the actor. These results support the importance of segregation according to the action class as principle of posterior parietal cortex organization for action observation and by implication for action execution. Hum Brain Mapp 36:3845–3866, 2015. © 2015 The Authors Human Brain Mapping Published by Wiley

  12. 78 FR 63860 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Kwajalein Island, Marshall Islands, RMI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ...This action amends the Kwajalein Island Class D airspace description by amending the geographic coordinates for Bucholz Army Airfield (AAF), Kwajalein Island, Marshall Islands, RMI. The Bucholz AAF geographic coordinates information was updated in the Kwajalein Island Class E airspace descriptions in 2011, but was inadvertently overlooked in the Kwajalein Island Class D airspace description. This action ensures the safety of aircraft operating in the Kwajalein Island airspace area. This is an administrative action and does not affect the operating requirements of the airspace.

  13. 50 CFR 530.3 - Typical classes of action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Federal agency; and (b) Research contracts relating to policy issues, biological-ecological data needed to make sound management decisions, and better methods for collecting and analyzing data. These activities are not, by themselves, major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human...

  14. 77 FR 35617 - Amendment of Class C Airspace; Colorado Springs, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-14

    ... 44 U.S.C. 1510. #0; #0;The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. #0...; Airspace Docket No. 12-AWA-4] Amendment of Class C Airspace; Colorado Springs, CO AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies the Colorado Springs, CO, Class C...

  15. Defining patients' knowledge and perceptions of vaginal mesh surgery.

    PubMed

    Brown, Lindsay K; Fenner, Dee E; Berger, Mitchell B; Delancey, John O L; Morgan, Daniel M; Patel, Divya A; Schimpf, Megan O

    2013-01-01

    Given recent government investigations and media coverage of the controversy regarding mesh surgery, we sought to define patients' knowledge and perceptions of vaginal mesh surgery. An anonymous survey was distributed to a convenience sample of new patients at urogynecology and female urology clinics at a single medical center during April to June 2012. The survey assessed patients' demographics, information sources, and beliefs and concerns regarding mesh surgery. The Fisher's exact test was used to identify predictors of patients' beliefs regarding mesh. Logistic and linear regressions were used to identify predictors of aversion to surgery and higher concern regarding future surgery. One hundred sixty-four women completed the survey; 62.2% (102/164) indicated knowledge of mesh surgery for prolapse and/or incontinence and were included in subsequent analyses. The mean ± SD age was 58.0 ± 12.5 years, and 24.5% reported prior mesh surgery. The most common information source was television commercials (57.8%); only 23.5% of the women reported receiving information from a medical professional. Participants indicated the following regarding vaginal mesh: class-action lawsuit in progress (55/102 [54.0%]), causes pain (47/102 [47.1%]), possibility of rejection (35/102 [34.3%]), can cause bleeding and become exposed vaginally (30/102 [29.4%]), and should be removed owing to recall (28/102 [27.5%]). Of these women, 22.1% (19/86) indicated they would not consider mesh surgery. On multivariable logistic regression, level of concern, information from friends/family, and knowledge of class-action lawsuit predicted aversion to mesh surgery. Nearly two thirds of new patients had knowledge of vaginal mesh surgery. We identified considerable misinformation and aversion to future mesh surgery among these women.

  16. 78 FR 52424 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Dayton, TN, Establishment of Class E Airspace; Cleveland, TN, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-23

    ... AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class... in this document will be published subsequently in the Order. The Rule This amendment to Title 14... within a 7.4 mile radius at Cleveland Regional Jetport, with a segment extending from the 7.4-mile radius...

  17. 76 FR 64041 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Show Low, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-17

    ...-1023; Airspace Docket No. 11-AWP-15] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Show Low, AZ AGENCY... action proposes to modify Class E airspace at Show Low Regional Airport, Show Low, AZ. Controlled...) standard instrument approach procedures at Show Low Regional Airport. The FAA is proposing this action to...

  18. Judicial demand of medications through the Federal Justice of the State of Paraná

    PubMed Central

    Nisihara, Renato Mitsunori; Possebom, Ana Carolina; Borges, Luiza de Martino Cruvinel; Shwetz, Ana Claudia Athanasio; Bettes, Fernanda Francis Benevides

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective To describe the profile of lawsuits related to drug requests filled at the Federal Justice of the State of Paraná. Methods A cross-sectional study, and the data were obtained through consulting the lawsuits at the online system of the Federal Justice of Paraná. Results Out of 347 lawsuits included in the study, 55% of plaintiffs were women, with a median age of 56 years. Oncology was the field with more requests (23.6%), and the highest mean costs. A wide variety of diseases and broad variety of requested drugs were found in the lawsuits. Approximately two-thirds of them were requested by the brand name, and the most often requested drugs were palivizumab and tiotropium bromide. Only 14.5% of the requested medicines were registered in the National Medication Register. The Public Defender’s Office filled actions in 89.6% of cases and all lawsuits had an interim relief. The mean time for approval was 35 days and 70% of requests were granted. Conclusion Oncology was the field with the highest demand for medicines at the Federal Justice of Paraná in 2014. A great variety of medications was requested. The Public Defender´s Office represented most lawsuits. All demands had an interim relief, and the majority of requests were granted, within an average of 35 days. PMID:28444095

  19. 77 FR 11796 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Rock Springs, WY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ...-0131; Airspace Docket No. 12-ANM-2 Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Rock Springs, WY AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Rock Springs-Sweetwater County Airport, Rock Springs, WY. Decommissioning of the Rock Springs Tactical Air Navigation System (TACAN) has made this action necessary for the...

  20. 48 CFR 1.703 - Class determinations and findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... findings. 1.703 Section 1.703 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Determinations and Findings 1.703 Class determinations and findings... identical justification. (b) The findings in a class D&F shall fully support the proposed action either for...

  1. NRPA Law Review. Combat Karate Class Illustrates ADA "Direct Threat" Exception.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozlowski, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities, highlighting a lawsuit involving a boy with AIDS who was barred from a traditional combat-oriented martial arts school. Courts ruled that his exclusion did not violate the ADA because he posed significant health and safety risks to…

  2. 75 FR 64972 - Proposed Revocation of Class E Airspace; Lone Star, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ...-0772; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-10] Proposed Revocation of Class E Airspace; Lone Star, TX AGENCY... action proposes to remove Class E airspace at Lone Star, TX. Abandonment of the former Lone Star Steel... need for controlled airspace in the Lone Star, TX, area. The FAA is taking this action to ensure the...

  3. 75 FR 26151 - Proposed Revision of Class E Airspace; Kulik Lake, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ...-0270 Airspace Docket No. 10-AAL-8] Proposed Revision of Class E Airspace; Kulik Lake, AK AGENCY... action proposes to revise Class E airspace at Kulik Lake, AK. This action would correct an error in the... Administration, 222 West 7th Avenue, Box 14, Anchorage, AK 99513-7587. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gary Rolf...

  4. 76 FR 39259 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Brunswick, ME

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-06

    ...-0116; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANE-1] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Brunswick, ME AGENCY: Federal... Class E airspace at Brunswick Executive Airport, Brunswick, ME. DATES: The effective date is moved from... Class E airspace at Brunswick Executive Airport, Brunswick, ME. This action will move up the effective...

  5. 78 FR 38828 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Captiva, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-28

    ...-1335; Airspace Docket No. 12-ASO-19] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Captiva, FL AGENCY: Federal...: History On June 6, 2013, the FAA published a final rule, in the Federal Register establishing Class E... aeronautical data charting service, thereby making this action necessary. The Class E airspace designations are...

  6. 75 FR 18047 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Hollywood, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ...; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASO-17] Amendment of Class D Airspace; Hollywood, FL AGENCY: Federal Aviation... rule published in the Federal Register on July 23, 1997, amending Class D airspace at North Perry... airspace area exclusion as Class D airspace area. This action corrects that error. The FAAs National...

  7. Action Recognition Using Nonnegative Action Component Representation and Sparse Basis Selection.

    PubMed

    Wang, Haoran; Yuan, Chunfeng; Hu, Weiming; Ling, Haibin; Yang, Wankou; Sun, Changyin

    2014-02-01

    In this paper, we propose using high-level action units to represent human actions in videos and, based on such units, a novel sparse model is developed for human action recognition. There are three interconnected components in our approach. First, we propose a new context-aware spatial-temporal descriptor, named locally weighted word context, to improve the discriminability of the traditionally used local spatial-temporal descriptors. Second, from the statistics of the context-aware descriptors, we learn action units using the graph regularized nonnegative matrix factorization, which leads to a part-based representation and encodes the geometrical information. These units effectively bridge the semantic gap in action recognition. Third, we propose a sparse model based on a joint l2,1-norm to preserve the representative items and suppress noise in the action units. Intuitively, when learning the dictionary for action representation, the sparse model captures the fact that actions from the same class share similar units. The proposed approach is evaluated on several publicly available data sets. The experimental results and analysis clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  8. 7 CFR 1940.319 - Completing environmental assessments for Class I actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... a mechanism for reviewing actions with normally minimal impacts and for documenting a finding of no significant impact, as well as compliance determinations for other applicable environmental laws, regulations... actions which have more than minimal impacts and which, therefore, require a more detailed environmental...

  9. Dynamic Leadership, Character Education Form New FCS Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Carol Ann

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author describes the leadership class that she created for the family and consumer sciences (FCS) department. The class, "Family & Consumer Sciences Issues & Applications," focused on family and community action for improved quality of life. It included in-depth laboratory experiences, service learning activities, and the…

  10. 75 FR 42 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Spencer, WV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-04

    ... Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Direct final rule; confirmation of effective date. SUMMARY: This action confirms the effective date of a direct final rule published in the Federal Register that establishes Class E Airspace at Spencer, WV. This action enhances the safety and airspace management of Boggs...

  11. 75 FR 39145 - Amendment of Class C Airspace; Flint, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ...-0599; Airspace Docket No. 10-AWA-3] RIN 2120-AA66 Amendment of Class C Airspace; Flint, MI AGENCY... description of the Bishop International Airport, Flint, MI, Class C airspace area by amending the airport... defines the Class C airspace area's center point. The Rule This action amends Title 14 Code of Federal...

  12. Lawsuit against a dentist related to serious ocular infection possibly linked to water from a dental handpiece.

    PubMed

    Barbeau, Jean

    2007-09-01

    This case report highlights the risks that may be associated with amoebae in the water of a dental unit. A woman with contact lenses visited her dentist for replacement of a bridge. During the treatment, a stream of water was directed from the handpiece into her right eye. Because of subsequent pain in the eye, the patient consulted several ophthalmologists, who discovered abrasive lesions of the cornea and inflammation. Despite antibacterial and anti-inflammatory treatments, the patient"s visual acuity declined gradually over a period of several days. A microbiological examination nearly 2 months later revealed amoebae in corneal samples. A lawsuit against the dentist was initiated. Although a causal relation with the dental treatment was rejected by the judge in this case, high numbers of amoebae in the water of dental units can present a risk if a patient with pre-existing corneal lesions is splashed. According to the precautionary principle, complete evidence of risk does not have to exist to institute measures to protect individuals and society from that risk. This case reinforces the importance of having patients wear safety glasses during dental treatments and of dental personnel draining the waterlines of dental units, as recommended by the Canadian Dental Association.

  13. 77 FR 17363 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; West Memphis, AR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-26

    ...-0155; Airspace Docket No. 12-ASW-1] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; West Memphis, AR AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at West Memphis, AR. Separation of existing Class E... surface at West Memphis, AR, to accommodate the separation of existing Class E airspace surrounding West...

  14. 77 FR 56586 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Gaylord, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-13

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Gaylord, MI. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to accommodate new Standard Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAP) at Gaylord Regional Airport. Also, this action...

  15. Association of Attorney Advertising and FDA Action with Prescription Claims: A Time Series Segmented Regression Analysis.

    PubMed

    Tippett, Elizabeth C; Chen, Brian K

    2015-12-01

    Attorneys sponsor television advertisements that include repeated warnings about adverse drug events to solicit consumers for lawsuits against drug manufacturers. The relationship between such advertising, safety actions by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and healthcare use is unknown. To investigate the relationship between attorney advertising, FDA actions, and prescription drug claims. The study examined total users per month and prescription rates for seven drugs with substantial attorney advertising volume and FDA or other safety interventions during 2009. Segmented regression analysis was used to detect pre-intervention trends, post-intervention level changes, and changes in post-intervention trends relative to the pre-intervention trends in the use of these seven drugs, using advertising volume, media hits, and the number of Medicare enrollees as covariates. Data for these variables were obtained from the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Kantar Media, and LexisNexis. Several types of safety actions were associated with reductions in drug users and/or prescription rates, particularly for fentanyl, varenicline, and paroxetine. In most cases, attorney advertising volume rose in conjunction with major safety actions. Attorney advertising volume was positively correlated with prescription rates in five of seven drugs, likely because advertising volume began rising before safety actions, when prescription rates were still increasing. On the other hand, attorney advertising had mixed associations with the number of users per month. Regulatory and safety actions likely reduced the number of users and/or prescription rates for some drugs. Attorneys may have strategically chosen to begin advertising adverse drug events prior to major safety actions, but we found little evidence that attorney advertising reduced drug use. Further research is needed to better understand how consumers and physicians respond to attorney advertising.

  16. 78 FR 48078 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Tazewell, TN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E Airspace at Tazewell, TN, as new Standard Instrument Approach Procedures have been developed at New Tazewell Municipal Airport. This action would enhance the safety and...

  17. 76 FR 79563 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Sheridan, WY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-22

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Sheridan County Airport, Sheridan, WY. Decommissioning of the Sheridan Tactical Air Navigation System (TACAN) has made this action necessary for the safety and...

  18. 77 FR 75596 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Morrisville, VT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-21

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E Airspace at Morrisville, VT, as the Morrisville-Stowe Non-Directional... developed at Morrisville-Stowe State Airport. This action would enhance the safety and airspace management...

  19. 78 FR 52717 - Proposed Modification of Class E Airspace; Prineville, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-26

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to modify Class E airspace at Prineville, OR, to accommodate aircraft using Area... proposing this action to enhance the safety and management of aircraft operations at the airport. DATES...

  20. 78 FR 48841 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kankakee, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Kankakee, IL. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to... taking this action to enhance the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations for...

  1. 77 FR 75597 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Wilbur, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-21

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Wilbur Airport, Wilbur, WA. Controlled airspace is...) standard instrument approach procedures at Wilbur Airport, Wilbur, WA. The FAA is proposing this action to...

  2. 78 FR 40078 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Cody, WY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at the Cody VHF Omni-Directional Radio Range/Distance... proposing this action to enhance the safety and management of aircraft operations within the National...

  3. 77 FR 49400 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Marysville, OH

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-16

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Marysville, OH. Additional controlled airspace is necessary... taking this action to enhance the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations for...

  4. 76 FR 38582 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Clemson, SC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E Airspace at Clemson, SC, as a runway extension requires amended Standard Instrument Approach Procedures at Oconee County Regional Airport. This action would enhance the safety and...

  5. From action intentions to action effects: how does the sense of agency come about?

    PubMed Central

    Chambon, Valérian; Sidarus, Nura; Haggard, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Sense of agency refers to the feeling of controlling an external event through one’s own action. On one influential view, agency depends on how predictable the consequences of one’s action are, getting stronger as the match between predicted and actual effect of an action gets closer. Thus, sense of agency arises when external events that follow our action are consistent with predictions of action effects made by the motor system while we perform or simply intend to perform an action. According to this view, agency is inferred retrospectively, after an action has been performed and its consequences are known. In contrast, little is known about whether and how internal processes involved in the selection of actions may influence subjective sense of control, in advance of the action itself, and irrespective of effect predictability. In this article, we review several classes of behavioral and neuroimaging data suggesting that earlier processes, linked to fluency of action selection, prospectively contribute to sense of agency. These findings have important implications for better understanding human volition and abnormalities of action experience. PMID:24860486

  6. 78 FR 54413 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Star, NC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-04

    ...-0440; Airspace Docket No. 13-ASO-10] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Star, NC AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E Airspace at Star, NC, to accommodate a new Area Navigation (RNAV... establish Class E airspace at Star, NC, providing the controlled airspace required to support the new RNAV...

  7. 76 FR 39038 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Lebanon, PA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-05

    ...-0558; Airspace Docket No. 11-AEA-13] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Lebanon, PA AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E Airspace at Lebanon, PA, to accommodate new Standard Instrument... amendment to Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 71 to establish Class E airspace at Lebanon...

  8. Social class rank, essentialism, and punitive judgment.

    PubMed

    Kraus, Michael W; Keltner, Dacher

    2013-08-01

    Recent evidence suggests that perceptions of social class rank influence a variety of social cognitive tendencies, from patterns of causal attribution to moral judgment. In the present studies we tested the hypotheses that upper-class rank individuals would be more likely to endorse essentialist lay theories of social class categories (i.e., that social class is founded in genetically based, biological differences) than would lower-class rank individuals and that these beliefs would decrease support for restorative justice--which seeks to rehabilitate offenders, rather than punish unlawful action. Across studies, higher social class rank was associated with increased essentialism of social class categories (Studies 1, 2, and 4) and decreased support for restorative justice (Study 4). Moreover, manipulated essentialist beliefs decreased preferences for restorative justice (Study 3), and the association between social class rank and class-based essentialist theories was explained by the tendency to endorse beliefs in a just world (Study 2). Implications for how class-based essentialist beliefs potentially constrain social opportunity and mobility are discussed.

  9. Ready, Set, Succeed! Growth Mindset Instruction in a Community College Success Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brysacz, Lynn M.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this action research study was to explore the relationship between growth mindset instruction in a community college success class with student academic effort and achievement, among students enrolled in a developmental reading class. Community college students, especially those testing into developmental classes, face numerous…

  10. Professionalism and clinical autonomy in the practice of medicine.

    PubMed

    Morreim, E Haavi

    2002-11-01

    Professionalism in medicine requires a reasonable measure of freedom for physicians to determine patients needs based on their own judgment. However, because virtually every medical decision is also a spending decision, third-party payers concerned about rising health care costs have introduced cost-containment tactics that significantly limit physicians accustomed autonomy. In response, groups of physicians have filed class-action lawsuits against managed care plans, alleging causes of action such as fraud, breach of contract, extortion, and violations of federal RICO (Racketeer-Influenced and Corrupt Organizations) law. Such litigation may have merits, but it also faces significant obstacles, in part because the contracts involved may not actually have promised the broad measure of clinical autonomy that the physicians allege was promised, then denied. As physicians seek to restore and retain their professional autonomy, it will be important for them to be increasingly proactive in structuring or modifying the contracts under whose terms they practice as some physicians have successfully done.

  11. 76 FR 42471 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Brunswick, ME

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 [Docket No. FAA-2011-0116; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANE-1] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Brunswick, ME AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) DOT. ACTION: Final rule; correction. SUMMARY: This action corrects the...

  12. 78 FR 48081 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; McConnellsburg, PA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ... AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class E Airspace at McConnellsburg, PA, to accommodate a new Area...) serving Fulton County Medical Center Heliport. This action would enhance the safety and airspace...

  13. 78 FR 14031 - Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; El Monte, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-04

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class D Airspace at El Monte Airport, El Monte, CA. This action, initiated by... particularly helpful in developing reasoned regulatory decisions on the proposal. Comments are specifically...

  14. 78 FR 48842 - Proposed Establishment of Class D Airspace; Mesquite, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class D airspace at Mesquite, TX. Establishment of an air traffic control tower at Mesquite Metro Airport [[Page 48843

  15. 48 CFR 2901.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... through the Director, DAMS. (b) Requests for deviations under paragraph (a) of this section must be... contracting actions which will be affected. (c) For a FAR class deviation the Director, DAMS will consult with... Director, DAMS as required in FAR 1.404. ...

  16. 48 CFR 2901.404 - Class deviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... through the Director, DAMS. (b) Requests for deviations under paragraph (a) of this section must be... contracting actions which will be affected. (c) For a FAR class deviation the Director, DAMS will consult with... Director, DAMS as required in FAR 1.404. ...

  17. A class of minimally modified gravity theories

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Lin, Chunshan; Mukohyama, Shinji, E-mail: chunshan.lin@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp, E-mail: shinji.mukohyama@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp

    We investigate the Hamiltonian structure of a class of gravitational theories whose actions are linear in the lapse function. We derive the necessary and sufficient condition for a theory in this class to have two or less local physical degrees of freedom. As an application we then find several concrete examples of modified gravity theories in which the total number of local physical degrees of freedom in the gravity sector is two.

  18. 75 FR 11475 - Establishment of Class D Airspace, Modification of Class E Airspace; Columbus, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... Army Airfield, Columbus, GA, would be removed from the Class E2 and E5 airspace description, and would.... * * * * * ASO GA E5 Columbus, GA [Amended] Columbus Metropolitan Airport, GA (Lat. 32[deg]30'59'' N., long. 84... Airspace; Columbus, GA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed...

  19. 77 FR 33687 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Fort Morgan, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-07

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Fort Morgan, CO. Controlled airspace is necessary to... approach procedure at Fort Morgan Municipal Airport, Fort Morgan, CO. The FAA is proposing this action to...

  20. 75 FR 13453 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Corpus Christi, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-22

    ...-0089; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-1] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Corpus Christi, TX AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace in the Corpus Christi, TX area. Additional controlled airspace... adding additional Class E airspace extending upward from 700 feet above the surface in the Corpus Christi...

  1. 76 FR 66662 - Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; Santa Monica, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-27

    ...-0611; Airspace Docket No. 11-AWP-11] Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; Santa Monica, CA AGENCY... action proposes to modify Class D airspace at Santa Monica Municipal Airport, CA, to accommodate aircraft... an amendment to Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Part 71 by modifying Class D airspace...

  2. Evolution in Action, a Case Study Based Advanced Biology Class at Spelman College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pai, Aditi

    2009-01-01

    The Biology department at Spelman, a historically black women's college has undertaken a major curriculum revision in the last few years. A primary goal of this revision is to increase the breadth of topics in biology classes. Historically, classes in the areas of ecology and evolution have been underrepresented whereas Spelman has always offered…

  3. Neural Correlates of Human Action Observation in Hearing and Deaf Subjects

    PubMed Central

    Corina, David; Chiu, Yi-Shiuan; Knapp, Heather; Greenwald, Ralf; Jose-Robertson, Lucia San; Braun, Allen

    2007-01-01

    Accumulating evidence has suggested the existence of a human action recognition system involving inferior frontal, parietal, and superior temporal regions that may participate in both the perception and execution of actions. However, little is known about the specificity of this system in response to different forms of human action. Here we present data from PET neuroimaging studies from passive viewing of three distinct action types, intransitive self-oriented actions (e.g., stretching, rubbing one’s eyes, etc.), transitive object-oriented actions (e.g., opening a door, lifting a cup to the lips to drink), and the abstract, symbolic actions–signs used in American Sign Language. Our results show that these different classes of human actions engage a frontal/parietal/STS human action recognition system in a highly similar fashion. However, the results indicate that this neural consistency across motion classes is true primarily for hearing subjects. Data from deaf signers shows a non-uniform response to different classes of human actions. As expected, deaf signers engaged left-hemisphere perisylvian language areas during the perception of signed language signs. Surprisingly, these subjects did not engage the expected frontal/parietal/STS circuitry during passive viewing of non-linguistic actions, but rather reliably activated middle-occipital temporal-ventral regions which are known to participate in the detection of human bodies, faces, and movements. Comparisons with data from hearing subjects establish statistically significant contributions of middle-occipital temporal-ventral during the processing of non-linguistic actions in deaf signers. These results suggest that during human motion processing, deaf individuals may engage specialized neural systems that allow for rapid, online differentiation of meaningful linguistic actions from non-linguistic human movements. PMID:17459349

  4. 76 FR 1999 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Panguitch, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-12

    ... Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will establish Class E... the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport. DATES: Effective... found merit in this comment, and will incorporate this change in the final rule. With the exception of...

  5. 78 FR 47237 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Chariton, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ...-0255; Airspace Docket No. 13-ACE-4] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Chariton, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Chariton, IA. Decommissioning of the Chariton non... for standard instrument approach procedures at Chariton Municipal Airport, Chariton, IA. Airspace...

  6. Preventing and Defending Actions by School District Employees. NSBA Council of School Attorneys Seminar.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

    These legal documents and discussions represent a variety of litigations concerning state statutes and federal regulations. Part A, "Preventing a Law Suit," offers suggestions for avoiding employee termination lawsuits and presents documents for teacher evaluation and for teacher termination and grievance hearings. "New and Emerging…

  7. Networking for English Literature Class: Cooperative Learning in Chinese Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Huiyin

    2017-01-01

    This action research was conducted to investigate the efficacy of networking, an adjusted cooperative learning method employed in an English literature class for non-English majors in China. Questionnaire was administered online anonymously to college students after a 14-week cooperative learning in literature class in a Chinese university, aiming…

  8. Why TNCs Will Be Regulated Like Taxis–Historically Speaking

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2018-05-01

    With the advent of transportation network companies, or TNCs, as they are labeled by the state of California, there has been considerable discussion, legislative action, and lawsuits regarding their attempts to operate without being subject to local ...

  9. 76 FR 72838 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Luray, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-28

    ... Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations within the National Airspace System. This action also makes a minor adjustment to the geographic coordinates of the airport. DATES: Effective 0901 UTC, February 9, 2012. The... geographic coordinates of the airport needed to be adjusted. This action makes that adjustment. Class E...

  10. Chemical warfare agents. Classes and targets.

    PubMed

    Schwenk, Michael

    2018-09-01

    Synthetic toxic chemicals (toxicants) and biological poisons (toxins) have been developed as chemical warfare agents in the last century. At the time of their initial consideration as chemical weapon, only restricted knowledge existed about their mechanisms of action. There exist two different types of acute toxic action: nonspecific cytotoxic mechanisms with multiple chemo-biological interactions versus specific mechanisms that tend to have just a single or a few target biomolecules. TRPV1- and TRPA-receptors are often involved as chemosensors that induce neurogenic inflammation. The present work briefly surveys classes and toxicologically relevant features of chemical warfare agents and describes mechanisms of toxic action. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. 77 FR 71362 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Decorah, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-30

    ...-1433; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-26] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Decorah, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Decorah, IA. Decommissioning of the Decorah non-directional... instrument approach procedures at Decorah Municipal Airport, Decorah, IA. Airspace reconfiguration is...

  12. 76 FR 53358 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Centerville, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ...-0830; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-16] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Centerville, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Centerville, IA. Decommissioning of the Centerville non... Centerville Municipal Airport, Centerville, IA. Decommissioning of the Centerville NDB and cancellation of the...

  13. 76 FR 14824 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Brunswick, ME

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-18

    ...-0116; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANE-1] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Brunswick, ME AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E Airspace at Brunswick, ME, to accommodate new Standard Instrument... Brunswick, ME to provide airspace required to support the standard instrument approach procedures developed...

  14. 76 FR 78180 - Proposed Modification of Class E Airspace; Douglas, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ...-1313; Airspace Docket No. 11-AWP-17] Proposed Modification of Class E Airspace; Douglas, AZ AGENCY... action proposes to modify Class E airspace at Bisbee Douglas International Airport, Douglas, AZ... feet above the surface at Douglas, AZ. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to accommodate...

  15. 76 FR 21828 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mobridge, SD

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-19

    ...-0134; Airspace Docket No. 11-AGL-3] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mobridge, SD AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Mobridge, SD. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to... accommodate new standard instrument approach procedures at Mobridge Municipal Airport, Mobridge, SD...

  16. 77 FR 75593 - Proposed Amendment of Class D and E Airspace; Portland-Hillsboro, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-21

    ...-1142; Airspace Docket No. 12-ANM-25] Proposed Amendment of Class D and E Airspace; Portland-Hillsboro... action also would make a minor adjustment to the airport's geographic coordinates listed in Class D and... Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Part 71 by modifying Class E airspace designated as an extension to Class D...

  17. 77 FR 50646 - Proposed Establishment of Class D Airspace; Bryant AAF, Anchorage, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ...-0433; Airspace Docket No. 12-AAL-5] Proposed Establishment of Class D Airspace; Bryant AAF, Anchorage...). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class D airspace at Bryant Army Airfield (AAF), Anchorage AK... 71 by establishing Class D airspace extending upward from the surface at Bryant AAF, Anchorage AK...

  18. 78 FR 52714 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Gainesville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-26

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Gainesville, TX. Decommissioning of the Gainesville radio... developing reasoned regulatory decisions on the proposal. Comments are specifically invited on the overall...

  19. 77 FR 21508 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Tallahassee, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-10

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E Airspace in the Tallahassee, FL area. Tallahassee Commercial Airport has... in developing reasoned regulatory decisions on the proposal. Comments are specifically invited on the...

  20. 78 FR 52718 - Proposed Revocation of Class E Airspace; Danville, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-26

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to remove Class E airspace at Danville, IL. The FAA has determined that, because of... particularly helpful in developing reasoned regulatory decisions on the proposal. Comments are specifically...

  1. 75 FR 38753 - Proposed Revision of Class E Airspace; Tanana, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-06

    ... E Airspace; Tanana, AK AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to revise Class E airspace at Tanana, AK. The..., Anchorage, AK 99513-7587. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gary Rolf, Federal Aviation Administration, 222...

  2. Class Size: What Research Says and What It Means for State Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehurst, Grover J.; Chingos, Matthew M.

    2011-01-01

    Class size is one of the small number of variables in American K-12 education that are both thought to influence student learning and are subject to legislative action. Legislative mandates on maximum class size have been very popular at the state level. In recent decades, at least 24 states have mandated or incentivized class-size reduction…

  3. 76 FR 38580 - Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; Eglin AFB, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ...-0087; Airspace Docket No. 11-ASO-12] Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; Eglin AFB, FL AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class D Airspace in the Eglin Air Force Base (AFB), FL airspace area. The Destin... amendment to Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 71 to amend Class D airspace in the Eglin...

  4. 78 FR 48300 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Mahnomen, MN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... E5 Mahnomen, MN [New] Mahnomen County Airport, MN (Lat. 47[deg]15'38'' N., long. 95[deg]55'41'' W... Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E airspace... safety and management of Instrument Flight Rule (IFR) operations at the airport. DATES: Effective date...

  5. 46 CFR 327.4 - Claim requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...; ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION AND LITIGATION § 327.4 Claim requirements. (a) Form. The claim may be in any form and shall... of the United States. Any lawsuits filed contrary to the provisions of section 5 of the Suits in...

  6. 46 CFR 327.4 - Claim requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...; ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION AND LITIGATION § 327.4 Claim requirements. (a) Form. The claim may be in any form and shall... of the United States. Any lawsuits filed contrary to the provisions of section 5 of the Suits in...

  7. 77 FR 56796 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Sault Ste Marie, ON

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Sault Ste Marie, ON. Changes to controlled airspace are... action to enhance the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport...

  8. 78 FR 48291 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Columbus, Rickenbacker International Airport, OH

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Airport, OH AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class D airspace at Rickenbacker International Airport, Columbus, OH. Changes to the airspace description are necessary due to the closure of South Columbus Airport. The FAA is taking this action to...

  9. 76 FR 53360 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Stuart, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ...-0831; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-17] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Stuart, IA AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Stuart, IA. Controlled airspace is necessary to... surface for new standard instrument approach procedures at the City of Stuart Helistop, Stuart, IA...

  10. 75 FR 36587 - Proposed Revocation of Class E Airspace; Chillicotte, MO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-28

    ... control facility management have determined that this airspace is no longer needed and would not... action proposes to remove Class E airspace at Chillicotte, MO. Airport management and air traffic control facility managers have determined that the Class E surface area at Chillicotte Municipal Airport is no...

  11. 77 FR 42430 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; West Memphis, AR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ... Airport from the Class E airspace of Memphis International Airport, Memphis, TN, has made this action necessary to enhance the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport... airspace surrounding West Memphis Municipal Airport from the Class E airspace area of Memphis International...

  12. 78 FR 78298 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Phoenix, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-26

    ...-0956; Airspace Docket No. 13-AWP-17] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Phoenix, AZ AGENCY... rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at the Phoenix VHF Omni-Directional Radio Range Tactical Air Navigation Aid (VORTAC), Phoenix, AZ, to facilitate vectoring of...

  13. 76 FR 43610 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Spearfish, SD

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-21

    ...-0431; Airspace Docket No. 11-AGL-11] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Spearfish, SD AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Spearfish, SD. Additional controlled airspace is necessary... instrument approach procedures at Black Hills Airport-Clyde Ice Field, Spearfish, SD. Controlled airspace is...

  14. 76 FR 43612 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Sturgis, SD

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-21

    ...-0430; Airspace Docket No. 11-AGL-10] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Sturgis, SD AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Sturgis, SD. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to... instrument approach procedures at Sturgis Municipal Airport, Sturgis, SD. Controlled airspace is needed for...

  15. 78 FR 65237 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Central, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ...-0017; Airspace Docket No. 13-AAL-1] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Central, AK AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Central Airport, Central, AK. Controlled airspace is... of aircraft operations at Central Airport, Central, AK. DATES: Comments must be received on or before...

  16. 76 FR 44288 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; New Market, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ...-380; Airspace Docket No. 11-AEA-12] Establishment of Class E Airspace; New Market, VA AGENCY: Federal... proposes to establish Class E Airspace at New Market, VA, to accommodate the additional airspace needed for the Standard Instrument Approach Procedures developed for New Market Airport. This action would...

  17. 78 FR 45478 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Salmon, ID

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ...-0531; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-20] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Salmon, ID AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at the Salmon VHF Omni-Directional Radio Range/Distance Measuring Equipment (VOR/DME) navigation aid, Salmon, ID, to facilitate vectoring of Instrument Flight Rules...

  18. Dissociable intrinsic functional networks support noun-object and verb-action processing.

    PubMed

    Yang, Huichao; Lin, Qixiang; Han, Zaizhu; Li, Hongyu; Song, Luping; Chen, Lingjuan; He, Yong; Bi, Yanchao

    2017-12-01

    The processing mechanism of verbs-actions and nouns-objects is a central topic of language research, with robust evidence for behavioral dissociation. The neural basis for these two major word and/or conceptual classes, however, remains controversial. Two experiments were conducted to study this question from the network perspective. Experiment 1 found that nodes of the same class, obtained through task-evoked brain imaging meta-analyses, were more strongly connected with each other than nodes of different classes during resting-state, forming segregated network modules. Experiment 2 examined the behavioral relevance of these intrinsic networks using data from 88 brain-damaged patients, finding that across patients the relative strength of functional connectivity of the two networks significantly correlated with the noun-object vs. verb-action relative behavioral performances. In summary, we found that verbs-actions and nouns-objects are supported by separable intrinsic functional networks and that the integrity of such networks accounts for the relative noun-object- and verb-action-selective deficits. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Strigolactones: new plant hormones in action.

    PubMed

    Zwanenburg, Binne; Pospíšil, Tomáš; Ćavar Zeljković, Sanja

    2016-06-01

    The key step in the mode of action of strigolactones is the enzymatic detachment of the D-ring. The thus formed hydroxy butenolide induces conformational changes of the receptor pocket which trigger a cascade of reactions in the signal transduction. Strigolactones (SLs) constitute a new class of plant hormones which are of increasing importance in plant science. For the last 60 years, they have been known as germination stimulants for parasitic plants. Recently, several new bio-properties of SLs have been discovered such as the branching factor for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, regulation of plant architecture (inhibition of bud outgrowth and of shoot branching) and the response to abiotic factors, etc. To broaden horizons and encourage new ideas for identifying and synthesising new and structurally simple SLs, this review is focused on molecular aspects of this new class of plant hormones. Special attention has been given to structural features, the mode of action of these phytohormones in various biological actions, the design of SL analogs and their applications.

  20. 77 FR 24159 - Proposed Modification of Class E Airspace; Plentywood, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-23

    ... action proposes to modify Class E airspace at Plentywood Sher-Wood Airport, Plentywood, MT. Controlled...) standard instrument approach procedures at Plentywood Sher-Wood Airport. The FAA is proposing this action... Sher-Wood Airport, Plentywood, MT. Controlled airspace is necessary to accommodate aircraft using RNAV...

  1. 78 FR 57789 - Establishment and Modification of Class E Airspace; Oakland, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-20

    ... Class E airspace at Metropolitan Oakland International Airport, Oakland, CA, to accommodate aircraft... at Metropolitan Oakland International Airport. This action also modifies Class E surface airspace.... This improves the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport...

  2. Genomic analysis of bifunctional Class C-Class D β-lactamases in environmental bacteria.

    PubMed

    Silveira, Melise Chaves; Catanho, Marcos; Miranda, Antônio Basílio de

    2018-01-01

    β-lactamases, which are found in several bacterial species and environments, are the main cause of resistance to β-lactams in Gram-negative bacteria. In 2009, a protein (LRA-13) with two β-lactamase domains (one class C domain and one class D domain) was experimentally characterised, and an extended action spectrum against β-lactams consistent with two functional domains was found. Here, we present the results of searches in the non-redundant NCBI protein database that revealed the existence of a group of homologous bifunctional β-lactamases in the genomes of environmental bacteria. These findings suggest that bifunctional β-lactamases are widespread in nature; these findings also raise concern that bifunctional β-lactamases may be transferred to bacteria of clinical importance through lateral gene transfer mechanisms.

  3. Action Learning: Potential for Inner City Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epps, Edgar G.

    1974-01-01

    Working class and minority participation in action-learning poses potential problems likely to be overlooked by program planners. This presentation reveals the trouble spots and offers constructive suggestions. (Editor)

  4. 75 FR 62461 - Revocation and Establishment of Class E Airspace; St. George, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...-0660; Airspace Docket No. 10-ANM-4] Revocation and Establishment of Class E Airspace; St. George, UT... Class E airspace at St. George, UT, as the airport will be closing, eliminating the need for controlled airspace. This action will establish Class E airspace for the new St. George Municipal Airport located to...

  5. 77 FR 45985 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lincoln, ME

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-02

    ...-0764; Airspace Docket No. 12-ANE-12] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lincoln, ME AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E Airspace at Lincoln, ME, as the Lincoln Non-Directional Radio Beacon..., Lincoln, ME. Airspace reconfiguration is necessary due to the decommissioning of the Lincoln NDB and...

  6. 78 FR 65238 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Eagle, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ...-0777; Airspace Docket No. 12-AAL-16] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Eagle, AK AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Eagle Airport, Eagle, AK. Controlled airspace is... management of aircraft operations at Eagle Airport, Eagle, AK. DATES: Comments must be received on or before...

  7. 78 FR 69787 - Proposed Modification of Class E Airspace; Sitka, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-21

    ...-0921; Airspace Docket No. 13-AAL-4] Proposed Modification of Class E Airspace; Sitka, AK AGENCY... rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to modify Class E airspace at Sitka, AK, to [[Page 69788... Gutierrez, AK. After review of the airspace, the FAAs Western Terminal Products Office found modification of...

  8. 78 FR 13843 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bend, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ...-0026; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-3] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bend, OR AGENCY: Federal... proposes to modify Class E airspace at Bend, OR to accommodate aircraft departing and arriving under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) at Bend Municipal Airport. This action would enhance the safety and management...

  9. Technology assessment and citizen action

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mottur, E. R.

    1972-01-01

    The importance of citizen participation in the assessment process is discussed, and a system for citizen assessment action is proposed. A national assessment system is outlined. Citizen participation is considered essential in the assessment process, and impediments to effective action taken by citizens are discussed. These impediments are finance, organization and motivation, and information. The establishment of citizens' assessment associations is proposed, whose functioning would be fostered and regulated by the Citizens' Assessment Administration. The organization, functions, and financing of these associations are described. The implications of citizen action are indicated as the extensive use of class action suits, the broad interpretation of associated costs of litigation, and the use of present scientific research as evidence to assert that it is reasonable to conclude that certain consequences are probable to occur in the future.

  10. Invariant recognition drives neural representations of action sequences

    PubMed Central

    Poggio, Tomaso

    2017-01-01

    Recognizing the actions of others from visual stimuli is a crucial aspect of human perception that allows individuals to respond to social cues. Humans are able to discriminate between similar actions despite transformations, like changes in viewpoint or actor, that substantially alter the visual appearance of a scene. This ability to generalize across complex transformations is a hallmark of human visual intelligence. Advances in understanding action recognition at the neural level have not always translated into precise accounts of the computational principles underlying what representations of action sequences are constructed by human visual cortex. Here we test the hypothesis that invariant action discrimination might fill this gap. Recently, the study of artificial systems for static object perception has produced models, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), that achieve human level performance in complex discriminative tasks. Within this class, architectures that better support invariant object recognition also produce image representations that better match those implied by human and primate neural data. However, whether these models produce representations of action sequences that support recognition across complex transformations and closely follow neural representations of actions remains unknown. Here we show that spatiotemporal CNNs accurately categorize video stimuli into action classes, and that deliberate model modifications that improve performance on an invariant action recognition task lead to data representations that better match human neural recordings. Our results support our hypothesis that performance on invariant discrimination dictates the neural representations of actions computed in the brain. These results broaden the scope of the invariant recognition framework for understanding visual intelligence from perception of inanimate objects and faces in static images to the study of human perception of action sequences. PMID:29253864

  11. Collective judicial management of mass toxic tort controversies: lessons and issues from the Agent Orange litigation.

    PubMed

    Novey, L B

    1988-01-01

    Viewing the Agent Orange litigation as a case study, this article explores the feasibility and desirability of strengthening the powers of the courts to manage toxic tort controversies en masse. The Agent Orange lawsuit, brought on behalf of potentially millions of Vietnam War veterans and family members, charged that herbicides used for military purposes during the war caused a wide range of health problems. This article first reviews the current national debate over how mass toxic tort controversies should be handled, including key legislative reform options, and describes how attention is increasingly focused on ways that the court system might better cope with mass toxic torts. The principal events of the Agent Orange litigation are then summarized, by which the litigation was consolidated into a massive class action, the class action was settled, and a streamlined plan for distributing the settlement fund was adopted. The article evaluates the outcome of the litigation, and discusses whether the solution there can and should be broadly applied to other mass toxic tort cases. This question depends, in part, on a series of complex legal and practical issues, but the author suggests that the question will also depend on what institutional role we expect the judiciary to play within society.

  12. The generic world-sheet action of irrational conformal field theory

    DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI.GOV)

    Clubok, K.; Halpern, M.B.

    1995-05-01

    We review developments in the world-sheet action formulation of the generic irrational conformal field theory, including the non-linear and the linearized forms of the action. These systems form a large class of spin-two gauged WZW actions which exhibit exotic gravitational couplings. Integrating out the gravitational field, we also speculate on a connection with sigma models.

  13. Low-Rank Tensor Subspace Learning for RGB-D Action Recognition.

    PubMed

    Jia, Chengcheng; Fu, Yun

    2016-07-09

    Since RGB-D action data inherently equip with extra depth information compared with RGB data, recently many works employ RGB-D data in a third-order tensor representation containing spatio-temporal structure to find a subspace for action recognition. However, there are two main challenges of these methods. First, the dimension of subspace is usually fixed manually. Second, preserving local information by finding intraclass and inter-class neighbors from a manifold is highly timeconsuming. In this paper, we learn a tensor subspace, whose dimension is learned automatically by low-rank learning, for RGB-D action recognition. Particularly, the tensor samples are factorized to obtain three Projection Matrices (PMs) by Tucker Decomposition, where all the PMs are performed by nuclear norm in a close-form to obtain the tensor ranks which are used as tensor subspace dimension. Additionally, we extract the discriminant and local information from a manifold using a graph constraint. This graph preserves the local knowledge inherently, which is faster than the previous way by calculating both the intra-class and inter-class neighbors of each sample. We evaluate the proposed method on four widely used RGB-D action datasets including MSRDailyActivity3D, MSRActionPairs, MSRActionPairs skeleton and UTKinect-Action3D datasets, and the experimental results show higher accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method.

  14. 75 FR 36654 - Proposed Settlement Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-28

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9168-9] Proposed Settlement Agreement AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement; request for public comment. SUMMARY.... 7413(g), notice is hereby given of a proposed settlement agreement to address lawsuits filed by...

  15. 75 FR 82390 - Proposed Settlement Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9246-2] Proposed Settlement Agreement AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement; Request for Public Comment. SUMMARY... a proposed settlement agreement to address lawsuits filed by the following groups of Petitioners: (1...

  16. 75 FR 82009 - Proposed Settlement Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9245-1] Proposed Settlement Agreement AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement; Request for Public Comment. SUMMARY... a proposed settlement agreement to address a lawsuit filed by the Center for Biological Diversity...

  17. 78 FR 59684 - Proposed Settlement Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-27

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9901-48-OGC] Proposed Settlement Agreement AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; request for public... hereby given of a proposed settlement agreement to address a lawsuit filed by the American Forest & Paper...

  18. 78 FR 31429 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mason, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ... new Standard Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAP) at Mason County Airport. The FAA is taking this action to enhance the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations for SIAPs at the... safety and management of IFR aircraft in Class E airspace to/from the en route environment. Class E...

  19. 75 FR 43884 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Searcy, AR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-27

    ...-1182; Airspace Docket No. 09-ASW-37] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Searcy, AR AGENCY: Federal... proposes to amend Class E airspace at Searcy, AR. Decommissioning of the Searcy non-directional beacon (NDB) at Searcy Municipal Airport, Searcy, AR, has made this action necessary for the safety and management...

  20. Tobacco Settlement Revenue: Recent State Actions and Opportunities for Youth Programs. Issue Note

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silloway, Torey; Szekely, Amanda

    2008-01-01

    In November 1998, the Attorneys General of 46 states, the District of Columbia and five U.S. territories signed an agreement with the five largest tobacco manufacturers, known as the Master Settlement Agreement (MSA). The MSA arose out of a number of separate state lawsuits against tobacco manufacturers seeking reimbursement for their Medicaid and…

  1. Evidence-based process for decision-making in the analysis of legal demands for medicines in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Figueiredo, Tatiana Aragão; Osorio-de-Castro, Claudia Garcia Serpa; Pepe, Vera Lúcia Edais

    2013-11-01

    Legal actions have been playing a significant role as an alternative pathway to access to medicines in Brazil. These lawsuits demand medicines used in Primary Health Care as well as medicines that are still in clinical research and have not been market approved by the Brazilian National Agency for Sanitary Surveillance (ANVISA). The goal was to analyze medicines demanded through lawsuits brought to the judicial district which includes the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July/2007 to June/2008. The medicines in 281 lawsuits were examined for their respective indications, classified according to their presence in publicly-funded lists, market approval by ANVISA, compliance with national clinical guidelines, existence of alternative therapies in lists and support of indication by scientific evidence. Six different categories were described, which are deemed useful to managers and the Judiciary in decision-making. The support of evidence is of utmost importance for medicines that are not included in public funding lists and also for those with no available therapeutic alternatives.

  2. 76 FR 71087 - Market Test of Experimental Product: “First-Class Tracer”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... POSTAL SERVICE Market Test of Experimental Product: ``First-Class Tracer'' AGENCY: Postal Service \\TM\\. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Postal Service gives notice of a market test of an experimental... ``First-Class Tracer'' experimental product on or after December 7, 2011. The Postal Service has filed...

  3. 75 FR 27494 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Pauls Valley, OK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ... 0182; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-4] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Pauls Valley, OK AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Pauls Valley, OK. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to accommodate new Standard Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAPs) at Pauls Valley Municipal...

  4. 75 FR 64971 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Central City, NE

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ...-0837; Airspace Docket No. 10-ACE-10] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Central City, NE...: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Central City, NE. Controlled airspace is necessary to accommodate new Standard Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAP) at Central City Municipal--Larry...

  5. 78 FR 58158 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Wasatch, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    ...., long. 111[deg]07'28'' W.; to Lat. 39[deg]03'55'' N., long. 110[deg]37'49'' W.; to Lat. 38[deg]28'51'' N... Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E airspace..., Wasatch, UT, to facilitate vectoring of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) aircraft under control of Salt Lake...

  6. 75 FR 44727 - Proposed Revocation and Establishment of Class E Airspace; St. George, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-29

    ...-0660; Airspace Docket No. 10-ANM-4] Proposed Revocation and Establishment of Class E Airspace; St... (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to remove Class E airspace at St. George Municipal Airport, St... also would establish Class E airspace for the new St. George Municipal Airport located to the south of...

  7. 40 CFR 147.2914 - Corrective action for wells authorized by rule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... potential endangerment of an USDW, then action as described in paragraph (a) (1) or (2) of this section must... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Corrective action for wells authorized... PROGRAMS Osage Mineral Reserve-Class II Wells § 147.2914 Corrective action for wells authorized by rule...

  8. 75 FR 43886 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Corpus Christi, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-27

    ...-0404; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-7] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Corpus Christi, TX AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace in the Corpus Christi, TX area. Additional controlled airspace is necessary to accommodate new Standard Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAPs) at Corpus Christi...

  9. 78 FR 65239 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Brevig Mission, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ...-0078; Airspace Docket No. 12-AAL-1] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Brevig Mission, AK...: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Brevig Mission Airport, Brevig Mission, AK... at Brevig Mission Airport, Brevig Mission, AK. Controlled airspace extending 2 miles north, 6 miles...

  10. 76 FR 70920 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Colorado Springs, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ...-1191; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANM-21] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Colorado Springs, CO...: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace at City of Colorado Springs Municipal Airport, Colorado Springs, CO. Decommissioning of the Black Forest Tactical Air Navigation System (TACAN) has made this...

  11. 75 FR 65255 - Proposed Modification of Class E Airspace; Show Low, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ...-0903; Airspace Docket No. 10-AWP-16] Proposed Modification of Class E Airspace; Show Low, AZ AGENCY... action proposes to modify Class E airspace at Show Low, AZ to accommodate new Area Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS) Standard Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAPs) at Show Low Regional...

  12. 7 CFR 1940.318 - Completing environmental assessments for Class II actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) Throughout this assessment process, the preparer will keep in mind the criteria for determining a significant... action or its indirect impacts; soil erosion and sedimentation plans to control runoff during land...

  13. 7 CFR 1940.318 - Completing environmental assessments for Class II actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) Throughout this assessment process, the preparer will keep in mind the criteria for determining a significant... action or its indirect impacts; soil erosion and sedimentation plans to control runoff during land...

  14. 7 CFR 1940.318 - Completing environmental assessments for Class II actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) Throughout this assessment process, the preparer will keep in mind the criteria for determining a significant... action has the potential for significantly affecting the quality of the human environment or will...

  15. A continuous-time neural model for sequential action.

    PubMed

    Kachergis, George; Wyatte, Dean; O'Reilly, Randall C; de Kleijn, Roy; Hommel, Bernhard

    2014-11-05

    Action selection, planning and execution are continuous processes that evolve over time, responding to perceptual feedback as well as evolving top-down constraints. Existing models of routine sequential action (e.g. coffee- or pancake-making) generally fall into one of two classes: hierarchical models that include hand-built task representations, or heterarchical models that must learn to represent hierarchy via temporal context, but thus far lack goal-orientedness. We present a biologically motivated model of the latter class that, because it is situated in the Leabra neural architecture, affords an opportunity to include both unsupervised and goal-directed learning mechanisms. Moreover, we embed this neurocomputational model in the theoretical framework of the theory of event coding (TEC), which posits that actions and perceptions share a common representation with bidirectional associations between the two. Thus, in this view, not only does perception select actions (along with task context), but actions are also used to generate perceptions (i.e. intended effects). We propose a neural model that implements TEC to carry out sequential action control in hierarchically structured tasks such as coffee-making. Unlike traditional feedforward discrete-time neural network models, which use static percepts to generate static outputs, our biological model accepts continuous-time inputs and likewise generates non-stationary outputs, making short-timescale dynamic predictions. © 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  16. 76 FR 67728 - Proposed Settlement Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9485-8] Proposed Settlement Agreement AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of proposed settlement agreement; request for public comment. SUMMARY...), notice is hereby given of a proposed settlement agreement to address a lawsuit filed by the Engine...

  17. 76 FR 56194 - Proposed Settlement Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9462-9] Proposed Settlement Agreement AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement; Request for Public Comment. SUMMARY...), notice is hereby given of a proposed settlement agreement to address a lawsuit filed by Allied Energy...

  18. Investigation of antibacterial mode of action for traditional and amphiphilic aminoglycosides.

    PubMed

    Udumula, Venkatareddy; Ham, Young Wan; Fosso, Marina Y; Chan, Ka Yee; Rai, Ravi; Zhang, Jianjun; Li, Jie; Chang, Cheng-Wei Tom

    2013-03-15

    Aminoglycoside represents a class of versatile and broad spectrum antibacterial agents. In an effort to revive the antibacterial activity against aminoglycoside resistant bacteria, our laboratory has developed two new classes of aminoglycoside, pyranmycin and amphiphilic neomycin (NEOF004). The former resembles the traditional aminoglycoside, neomycin. The latter, albeit derived from neomycin, appears to exert antibacterial action via a different mode of action. In order to discern that these aminoglycoside derivatives have distinct antibacterial mode of action, RNA-binding affinity and fluorogenic dye were employed. These studies, together with our previous investigation, confirm that pyranmycin exhibit the traditional antibacterial mode of action of aminoglycosides by binding toward the bacterial rRNA. On the other hand, the amphiphilic neomycin, NEOF004 disrupts the bacterial cell wall. In a broader perspective, it verifies that structurally modified neomycin can exert different antibacterial mode of action leading to the revival of activity against aminoglycoside resistant bacteria. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. 78 FR 6261 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Griffin, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-30

    ... Airport, Griffin, GA (Lat. 33[deg]13'37'' N., long. 84[deg]16'30'' W.) That airspace extending upward from...-1219; Airspace Docket No. 12-ASO-43] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Griffin, GA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E Airspace at Griffin, GA, as the Griffin Non-Directional Beacon (NDB) has...

  20. 78 FR 22416 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; St. Helena, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-16

    ...-2013-0283; Airspace Docket No. 13-AWP-3 Amendment of Class E Airspace; St. Helena, CA AGENCY: Federal... the name of the heliport listed in the Class E airspace for St. Helena, CA. St. Helena Fire Department Heliport has been changed to Napa County Fire Department Heliport, St. Helena, CA. This action does not...

  1. Using Personal Portable Devices as Learning Tools in the English Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herrera Díaz, Luz Edith; Cruz Ramos, María de los Milagros; Sandoval Sánchez, Mario Alberto

    2014-01-01

    A group of university students used a variety of personal portable devices (cellphones, tablets, laptops, and netbooks) which distracted them in English class. This qualitative action research aimed to implement activities entailing the use of such devices and to learn their impact on students' learning and the use of English in class. Thus, a…

  2. Student Voice in High School: An Action Research Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Termini, Lorraine

    2013-01-01

    This action research study examined the effects of student voice in one high school and the self-reflection of the researcher-administrator involved in the effort. Using three cycles of action research, the researcher-administrator completed a pilot study, implemented a student voice project in one class, and developed a professional development…

  3. 78 FR 18268 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Blue Mesa, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ...-0193; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-9] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Blue Mesa, CO AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at the Blue Mesa VHF Omni-Directional Radio Range/Distance Measuring Equipment (VOR/DME), Blue Mesa, CO to facilitate vectoring of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR...

  4. 77 FR 49399 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Forest City, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-16

    ...-0654; Airspace Docket No. 12-ACE-3] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Forest City, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Forest City, IA. Additional controlled airspace is necessary... accommodate new standard instrument approach procedures at Forest City Municipal Airport, Forest City, IA. The...

  5. 77 FR 71361 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; West Union, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-30

    ...-1434; Airspace Docket No. 11-ACE-27] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; West Union, IA AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at West Union, IA. Decommissioning of the West Union non... instrument approach procedures at George L. Scott Municipal Airport, West Union, IA. Airspace reconfiguration...

  6. 76 FR 41725 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Miles City, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... Class E Airspace; Miles City, MT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of..., Miles City, MT, to accommodate aircraft using new Area Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS... airspace and Class E airspace extending upward from 700 feet above the surface at Frank Wiley Field, Miles...

  7. 77 FR 41939 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Deer Lodge, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-17

    ...-0379; Airspace Docket No. 12-ANM-7 Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Deer Lodge, MT AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Deer Lodge-City-County Airport, Deer Lodge, MT... System (GPS) standard instrument approach procedures at Deer Lodge-City-County Airport, Deer Lodge, MT...

  8. 78 FR 73749 - Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; St. Joseph, MO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ...-0917; Airspace Docket No. 13-ACE-16] Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; St. Joseph, MO AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class D airspace at St. Joseph, MO. Additional controlled airspace is necessary... Rosecrans Municipal Airport, St. Joseph, MO. Accordingly, additional segments would extend from the 4.3-mile...

  9. 78 FR 45474 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Cut Bank, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ...-0532; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-21] Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Cut Bank, MT AGENCY... action proposes to establish Class E airspace at the Cut Bank VHF Omni-Directional Radio Range Tactical Air Navigational Aid (VORTAC) navigation aid, Cut Bank, MT, to facilitate vectoring of Instrument...

  10. 78 FR 48299 - Establishment of Class D Airspace; Bryant AAF, Anchorage, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ...-0433; Airspace Docket No. 12-AAL-5] Establishment of Class D Airspace; Bryant AAF, Anchorage, AK AGENCY... airspace at Bryant Army Airfield (AAF), Anchorage AK. This action provides controlled airspace to improve... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to establish Class D airspace at Bryant AAF, Anchorage AK (77 FR 50646...

  11. 78 FR 30797 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Point Thomson, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ...-1175; Airspace Docket No. 12-AAL-11] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Point Thomson, AK AGENCY... action proposes to modify the airspace at Point Thomson, AK by establishing Class E Airspace at Point Thomson Airstrip Airport, Point Thomson, AK. This will accommodate aircraft using a new Area Navigation...

  12. 76 FR 49385 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; South Bend, IN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ...-0250; Airspace Docket No. 11-AGL-6] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; South Bend, IN AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace in the South Bend, IN area. Additional controlled airspace is... (IFR) operations for SIAPs at the airport. The geographic coordinates for South Bend Regional Airport...

  13. 75 FR 34393 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Port Clarence, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-17

    ...: This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Port Clarence Coast Guard Station (CGS), AK. The... approach procedure. This instrument approach development at the Port Clarence CGS Airport has made this action necessary to enhance safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations. DATES...

  14. [The analysis of the judicial practice of treating the civil lawsuits concerning the inadequate dental health service appeals launched by the patients in the Russian Federation during the period from 1993 to 2017].

    PubMed

    Andreeva, S N; Gusarov, A A; Fetisov, V A

    2018-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to elucidate the characteristic features and peculiarities in the dynamic of the civil legal proceedings concerning the quality of the stomatological aid to the population of the Russian Federation during the period from 1993 to 2017. We have undertaken the analysis of the official sources containing the court reports on the statements of claim launched by the patients. The study gave evidence of the currently well apparent sustained tendency toward the increase in the number of such civil lawsuits. The probabilities of legal proceedings in connection with the unfavourable outcomes of the dental treatment are roughly identical in all areas of the stomatological practice. The maximum number of the respective civil lawsuits arise from the claims of the patients against the dental surgeons employed by the healthcare settings designated as the limited liability companies. The majority of the statements of case coming from the patients contain the demanding financial claims for the compensation of the moral damage. It is concluded that the aforementioned tendencies in the strategy of the development of the stomatological aid for the population of the Russian Federation dictate the necessity of the priority development of the quality standards (including the clinical guidelines, protocols, etc.) designed to improve the medical assistance for the patients presenting with dental problems, the modernization of the validated methods for the evaluation of the effectiveness of the stomatological aid for the population, the implementation of the measures needed to introduce the mechanisms of professional liability insurance into the routine stomatological practice. These measures are believed to allow to meet the demand of the population of this country for the high-quality stomatological services.

  15. 76 FR 18040 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; West Yellowstone, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... reference action under 1 CFR Part 51, subject to the annual revision of FAA Order 7400.9 and publication of... CLASS A, B, C, D AND E AIRSPACE AREAS; AIR TRAFFIC SERVICE ROUTES; AND REPORTING POINTS 0 1. The... follows: Paragraph 6005 Class E airspace areas extending upward from 700 feet or more above the surface of...

  16. Combinatorial Formulas for Characteristic Classes, and Localization of Secondary Topological Invariants.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smirnov, Mikhail

    1995-01-01

    The problems solved in this thesis originated from combinatorial formulas for characteristic classes. This thesis deals with Chern-Simons classes, their generalizations and related algebraic and analytic problems. (1) In this thesis, I describe a new class of algebras whose elements contain Chern and generalized Chern -Simons classes. There is a Poisson bracket in these algebras, similar to the bracket in Kontsevich's noncommutative symplectic geometry (Kon). I prove that the Poisson bracket gives rise to a graded Lie algebra containing differential forms representing Chern and Chern-Simons classes. This is a new result. I describe algebraic analogs of the dilogarithm and higher polylogarithms in the algebra corresponding to Chern-Simons classes. (2) I study the properties of this bracket. It is possible to write the exterior differential and other operations in the algebra using this bracket. The bracket of any two Chern classes is zero and the bracket of a Chern class and a Chern-Simons class is d-closed. The construction developed here easily gives explicit formulas for known secondary classes and makes it possible to construct new ones. (3) I develop an algebraic model for the action of the gauge group and describe how elements of algebra corresponding to the secondary characteristic classes change under this action (see theorem 3 page xi). (4) It is possible give new explicit formulas for cocycles on a gauge group of a bundle and for the corresponding cocycles on the Lie algebra of the gauge group. I use formulas for secondary characteristic classes and an algebraic approach developed in chapter 1. I also use the work of Faddeev, Reiman and Semyonov-Tian-Shanskii (FRS) on cocycles as quantum anomalies. (5) I apply the methods of differential geometry of formal power series to construct universal characteristic and secondary characteristic classes. Given a pair of gauge equivalent connections using local formulas I obtain dilogarithmic and trilogarithmic

  17. Social Action with Youth: Interventions, Evaluation, and Psychopolitical Validity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morsillo, Julie; Prilleltensky, Isaac

    2007-01-01

    We describe two interventions designed to encourage community action with youth in a school and a community service setting. The school intervention took place with a Year 10 class, while the community-based intervention took place with a group of same-sex attracted youth. Using a participatory action research framework, youth in both settings…

  18. 77 FR 27666 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bar Harbor, ME

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ...-1366; Airspace Docket No. 11-ANE-13] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bar Harbor, ME AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E Airspace at Bar Harbor, ME, as the Surry Non-Directional Radio Beacon... Airport, Bar Harbor, ME. Airspace reconfiguration is necessary due to the decommissioning of the Surry NDB...

  19. 78 FR 25227 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Live Oak, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-30

    ... action proposes to amend Class E Airspace in the Live Oak, FL area, as new Standard Instrument Approach...-0001; Airspace Docket No. 12-ASO-45] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Live Oak, FL AGENCY... continued safety and management of instrument flight rules (IFR) operations for SIAPs within the Live Oak...

  20. 78 FR 45473 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; St. George, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ...-0600; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-18 Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; St. George, UT AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at St. George Municipal Airport, St. George, UT, by removing... aircraft operations at St. George Municipal Airport, St. George, UT. DATES: Comments must be received on or...

  1. 78 FR 52112 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Cut Bank, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-22

    ...-0664; Airspace Docket No. 13-ANM-22] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Cut Bank, MT AGENCY... action proposes to modify Class E airspace at Cut Bank Municipal Airport, Cut Bank, MT. Controlled... from 700/1,200 feet above the surface at Cut Bank Municipal Airport, Cut Bank, MT. Controlled airspace...

  2. 76 FR 5302 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Terre Haute, IN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-31

    ...-1034; Airspace Docket No. 10-AGL-22] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Terre Haute, IN AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Terre Haute, IN. Controlled airspace is necessary to... (POINT-IN-SPACE) SIAP at Union Hospital Heliport, Terre Haute, IN. Controlled airspace is needed for the...

  3. 75 FR 33556 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Port Angeles, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-14

    ... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at William R. Fairchild International Airport, Port Angeles, WA... proposing this action for the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the... triplicate to the Docket Management System (see ``ADDRESSES'' section for address and phone number). You may...

  4. Action Research: Order Out of Chaos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geffen, Mitzi

    2002-01-01

    Describes on Israeli English-as-a-Foreign-Language teacher's action research project that focused on how to teach reading comprehension in English to a class of ninth grade boys. Outlines the teacher's goals, implementation of the project, and thoughts on the outcomes. (Author/VWL)

  5. 76 FR 40797 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Lincoln City, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-12

    ...This action establishes Class E airspace at Lincoln City, OR, to accommodate aircraft using a new Area Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS) standard instrument approach procedures at Samaritan North Lincoln Hospital Heliport. This action also corrects the name of the city were the Heliport is located. This improves the safety and management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations.

  6. 76 FR 21268 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Lincoln, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    ...This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at Lincoln, OR. Controlled airspace is necessary to accommodate aircraft using a new Area Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS) standard instrument approach procedures at Samaritan North Lincoln Hospital Heliport, Lincoln, OR. The FAA is proposing this action to enhance the safety and management of aircraft operations at the heliport.

  7. The Pontryagin class for pre-Courant algebroids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhangju; Sheng, Yunhe; Xu, Xiaomeng

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we show that the Jacobiator J of a pre-Courant algebroid is closed naturally. The corresponding equivalence class [J♭ ] is defined as the Pontryagin class, which is the obstruction of a pre-Courant algebroid to be deformed into a Courant algebroid. We construct a Leibniz 2-algebra and a Lie 2-algebra associated to a pre-Courant algebroid and prove that these algebraic structures are isomorphic under deformations. Finally, we introduce the twisted action of a Lie algebra on a manifold to give more examples of pre-Courant algebroids, which include the Cartan geometry.

  8. 76 FR 54152 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace Galbraith Lake, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ..., AK [Revised] Galbraith Lake Airport, AK (Lat. 68[deg]28'47'' N., long. 149[deg]29'24'' W) That...-0865; Airspace Docket No. 11-AAL-14] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace Galbraith Lake, AK AGENCY... action proposes to amend Class E airspace at Galbraith Lake AK. The creation of two special instrument...

  9. Learning from Action Evaluation of the Use of Multimedia Case Studies in Management Information Systems Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kawulich, Barbara B.

    2011-01-01

    This manuscript shares lessons learned from conducting an action evaluation of the use of multimedia case studies in Management Information Systems (MIS) courses. Three undergraduate MIS classes took part in the study. The purpose for using case studies in these classes was to teach students about the role of MIS in business. An action evaluation…

  10. 75 FR 61993 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kwajalein Island, Marshall Islands, RMI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-07

    ...) System from the legal description of the Class E airspace areas for Kwajalein Island, Bucholz AAF... action corrects the legal descriptions for the Class E airspace areas in the vicinity of the Marshall... and Rules Group, Office of System Operations Airspace and AIM, Federal Aviation Administration, 800...

  11. Triaryl Benzimidazoles as a New Class of Antibacterial Agents against Resistant Pathogenic Microorganisms.

    PubMed

    Picconi, Pietro; Hind, Charlotte; Jamshidi, Shirin; Nahar, Kazi; Clifford, Melanie; Wand, Matthew E; Sutton, J Mark; Rahman, Khondaker Miraz

    2017-07-27

    A new class of nontoxic triaryl benzimidazole compounds, derived from existing classes of DNA minor groove binders, were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their antibacterial activity against multidrug resistant (MDR) Gram-positive and Gram-negative species. Molecular modeling experiments suggest that the newly synthesized class cannot be accommodated within the minor groove of DNA due to a change in the shape of the molecules. Compounds 8, 13, and 14 were found to be the most active of the series, with MICs in the range of 0.5-4 μg/mL against the MDR Staphylococci and Enterococci species. Compound 13 showed moderate activity against the MDR Gram-negative strains, with MICs in the range of 16-32 μg/mL. Active compounds showed a bactericidal mode of action, and a mechanistic study suggested the inhibition of bacterial gyrase as the mechanism of action (MOA) of this chemical class. The MOA was further supported by the molecular modeling study.

  12. Molecular analysis of the Na+ channel blocking actions of the novel class I anti-arrhythmic agent RSD 921.

    PubMed

    Pugsley, M K; Goldin, A L

    1999-05-01

    RSD 921 is a novel, structurally unique, class I Na+ channel blocking drug under development as a local anaesthetic agent and possibly for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. The effects of RSD 921 on wild-type heart, skeletal muscle, neuronal and non-inactivating IFMQ3 mutant neuronal Na+ channels expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes were examined using a two-electrode voltage clamp. RSD 921 produced similarly potent tonic block of all three wild-type channel isoforms, with EC50 values between 35 and 47 microM, whereas the EC50 for block of the IFMQ3 mutant channel was 110+5.5 microM. Block of Na+ channels by RSD 921 was concentration and use-dependent, with marked frequency-dependent block of heart channels and mild frequency-dependent block of skeletal muscle, wild-type neuronal and IFMQ3 mutant channels. RSD 921 produced a minimal hyperpolarizing shift in the steady-state voltage-dependence of inactivation of all three wild-type channel isoforms. Open channel block of the IFMQ3 mutant channel was best fit with a first order blocking scheme with k(on) equal to 0.11+/-0.012x10(6) M(-1) s(-1) and k(off) equal to 12.5+/-2.5 s(-1), resulting in KD of 117+/-31 microM. Recovery from open channel block occurred with a time constant of 14+/-2.7 s(-1). These results suggest that RSD 921 preferentially interacts with the open state of the Na+ channel, and that the drug may produce potent local anaesthetic or anti-arrhythmic action under conditions of shortened action potentials, such as during anoxia or ischaemia.

  13. 76 FR 5306 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Indianapolis Executive Airport, IN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-31

    ... Airport, IN AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace for the Indianapolis Executive Airport... management of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) operations at the airport. DATES: 0901 UTC. Comments must be...

  14. 40 CFR 144.55 - Corrective action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the case of Class II wells operating over the fracture pressure of the injection formation, all known wells within the area of review penetrating formations affected by the increase in pressure. For such... injection until all required corrective action has been taken. (3) Injection pressure limitation. The...

  15. 40 CFR 144.55 - Corrective action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the case of Class II wells operating over the fracture pressure of the injection formation, all known wells within the area of review penetrating formations affected by the increase in pressure. For such... injection until all required corrective action has been taken. (3) Injection pressure limitation. The...

  16. 40 CFR 144.55 - Corrective action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the case of Class II wells operating over the fracture pressure of the injection formation, all known wells within the area of review penetrating formations affected by the increase in pressure. For such... injection until all required corrective action has been taken. (3) Injection pressure limitation. The...

  17. 40 CFR 144.55 - Corrective action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the case of Class II wells operating over the fracture pressure of the injection formation, all known wells within the area of review penetrating formations affected by the increase in pressure. For such... injection until all required corrective action has been taken. (3) Injection pressure limitation. The...

  18. 77 FR 40492 - Revocation of Class D Airspace; Andalusia, AL; and Amendment of Class E Airspace; Fort Rucker, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-10

    ... Alabama Regional Airport at Bill Benton Field has closed, and amends Class E Airspace at Fort Rucker, AL, by recognizing the airport's name change to South Alabama Regional Airport at Bill Benton Field. This... reference action under title 1, Code of Federal Regulations, part 51, subject to the annual revision of FAA...

  19. 78 FR 57545 - Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; Dallas, Addison Airport, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ...-0749; Airspace Docket No. 13-ASW-16] Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; Dallas, Addison Airport... airspace ceiling at Addison Airport, Dallas, TX, is being withdrawn. Upon review, the FAA determined that the proposed rulemaking action is premature in that an existing Dallas/Fort Worth Class B airspace...

  20. 75 FR 43885 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kaiser/Lake Ozark, MO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-27

    ...-0604; Airspace Docket No. 10-ACE-5] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kaiser/Lake Ozark, MO...: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace for the Kaiser/ Lake Ozark, MO, area. Additional... for the Kaiser/Lake Ozark, MO area, to accommodate SIAPs at Camdenton Memorial Airport, Camdenton, MO...

  1. 78 FR 61384 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ... the lawsuit entitled United States v. Charles Chrin, et al., Civil Action No. 5:13-cv-05625-LS. In..., Northampton County, Pennsylvania. The proposed Decree requires Settling Defendants Charles Chrin, Chrin Bros... General, Environment and Natural Resources Division, and should refer to United States v. Charles Chrin...

  2. At the Margin of Academic Freedom and Sexual Harassment: An Analysis of "Silva v. University of New Hampshire".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeMitchell, Todd A.; Fossey, Richard

    1996-01-01

    Two hearing boards' finding that a tenured professor's instructional remarks and actions constituted sexual harassment resulted in the filing of a federal lawsuit against the university. Discusses sexual harassment, reviews the most pertinent facts of "Silva," and analyzes the judge's preliminary injunction and summary judgment ruling on…

  3. 75 FR 11681 - United States v. Daily Gazette Company and Medianews Group, Inc.; Proposed Final Judgment and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... States complains and alleges as follows: I. Nature of the Action 1. This lawsuit challenges a series of...--until the Department's investigation interrupted those efforts. 5. Because the May 2004 transactions... newsroom staffs, that their editorial policies be ``independently determined,'' and that at the time the...

  4. Effect of a supportive-educative program in the math class for stress, anxiety, and depression in female students in the third level of junior high school: An action research

    PubMed Central

    Emamjomeh, Seyedeh Mahtab; Bahrami, Masoud

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aim: Students in junior high school, particularly in the third level, are prone to a variety of stressors. This in turn might lead to stress, anxiety, depression, and other health-related problems. There are a very limited number of action research studies to identify the effect of stress management techniques among students. Therefore, a study was conducted to assess the effect of a program used in the math class to decrease the student's level of stress, anxiety, and depression. Material and Methods: This was an action research study, which was conducted in region three of the Education and Training Office of Isfahan, in the year 2012. Fifty-one students in a junior high school were selected and underwent a comprehensive stress management program. This program was prepared in collaboration with the students, their parents, teachers, and managers of the school, and was implemented approximately during a four-month period. The student's stress, anxiety, and depression were measured before and after the program using the DASS-21 questionnaire. Findings: The t-test identified that the mean scores of stress, anxiety, and depression after the intervention were significantly lower than the corresponding scores before the program. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) also showed that the students from the veterans (Janbaz) families had higher levels of stress compared to their classmates, who belonged to the non-veteran families (P< 0.05). Results: Education and implementation of stress management techniques including cognitive and behavioral interventions along with active and collaborative methods of learning in the math class might be useful both inside and outside the class, for better management of stress and other health-related problems of students. PMID:25767821

  5. Effect of a supportive-educative program in the math class for stress, anxiety, and depression in female students in the third level of junior high school: An action research.

    PubMed

    Emamjomeh, Seyedeh Mahtab; Bahrami, Masoud

    2015-01-01

    Students in junior high school, particularly in the third level, are prone to a variety of stressors. This in turn might lead to stress, anxiety, depression, and other health-related problems. There are a very limited number of action research studies to identify the effect of stress management techniques among students. Therefore, a study was conducted to assess the effect of a program used in the math class to decrease the student's level of stress, anxiety, and depression. This was an action research study, which was conducted in region three of the Education and Training Office of Isfahan, in the year 2012. Fifty-one students in a junior high school were selected and underwent a comprehensive stress management program. This program was prepared in collaboration with the students, their parents, teachers, and managers of the school, and was implemented approximately during a four-month period. The student's stress, anxiety, and depression were measured before and after the program using the DASS-21 questionnaire. The t-test identified that the mean scores of stress, anxiety, and depression after the intervention were significantly lower than the corresponding scores before the program. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) also showed that the students from the veterans (Janbaz) families had higher levels of stress compared to their classmates, who belonged to the non-veteran families (P< 0.05). Education and implementation of stress management techniques including cognitive and behavioral interventions along with active and collaborative methods of learning in the math class might be useful both inside and outside the class, for better management of stress and other health-related problems of students.

  6. Oncolytic viruses: a new class of immunotherapy drugs.

    PubMed

    Kaufman, Howard L; Kohlhapp, Frederick J; Zloza, Andrew

    2015-09-01

    Oncolytic viruses represent a new class of therapeutic agents that promote anti-tumour responses through a dual mechanism of action that is dependent on selective tumour cell killing and the induction of systemic anti-tumour immunity. The molecular and cellular mechanisms of action are not fully elucidated but are likely to depend on viral replication within transformed cells, induction of primary cell death, interaction with tumour cell antiviral elements and initiation of innate and adaptive anti-tumour immunity. A variety of native and genetically modified viruses have been developed as oncolytic agents, and the approval of the first oncolytic virus by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is anticipated in the near future. This Review provides a comprehensive overview of the basic biology supporting oncolytic viruses as cancer therapeutic agents, describes oncolytic viruses in advanced clinical trials and discusses the unique challenges in the development of oncolytic viruses as a new class of drugs for the treatment of cancer.

  7. Sparse Modeling of Human Actions from Motion Imagery

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-02

    is here developed. Spatio-temporal features that char- acterize local changes in the image are rst extracted. This is followed by the learning of a...video comes from the optimal sparse linear com- bination of the learned basis vectors (action primitives) representing the actions. A low...computational cost deep-layer model learning the inter- class correlations of the data is added for increasing discriminative power. In spite of its simplicity

  8. On the Dynamics of Action Representations Evoked by Names of Manipulable Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bub, Daniel N.; Masson, Michael E. J.

    2012-01-01

    Two classes of hand action representations are shown to be activated by listening to the name of a manipulable object (e.g., cellphone). The functional action associated with the proper use of an object is evoked soon after the onset of its name, as indicated by primed execution of that action. Priming is sustained throughout the duration of the…

  9. Palatini variation of curvature-squared action and gravitational collapse

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shahid-Saless, Bahman

    1991-01-01

    It is shown that Palatini variation of a class of gravitational actions based on a quadratic generalization of the Einstein-Hilbert action results in a metric-incompatible theory of gravity but one that satisfies Birkhoff's theorem. The usual fourth-order field equations are replaced by two second-order equations. Application of the field equations to a model of freely falling dust are discussed.

  10. El Sistema as a Bourgeois Social Project: Class, Gender, and Victorian Values

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bull, Anna

    2016-01-01

    This article asks why classical music in the UK, which is consumed and practiced by the middle and upper classes, is being used as a social action program for working-class children in British music education schemes inspired by El Sistema. Through exploring the discourse of the social benefits of classical music in the late nineteenth century, a…

  11. 78 FR 34609 - Proposed Modification of Class D and E Airspace; Kenai, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-10

    ...-1174; Airspace Docket No. 12-AAL-12] Proposed Modification of Class D and E Airspace; Kenai, AK AGENCY... action proposes to modify Class D and E airspace at Kenai, AK, to accommodate aircraft departing and..., at Kenai Municipal Airport, Kenai, AK. Also, the geographic coordinates of the airport would be...

  12. Determinants of bird conservation-action implementation and associated population trends of threatened species.

    PubMed

    Luther, David A; Brooks, Thomas M; Butchart, Stuart H M; Hayward, Matt W; Kester, Marieke E; Lamoreux, John; Upgren, Amy

    2016-12-01

    Conservation actions, such as habitat protection, attempt to halt the loss of threatened species and help their populations recover. The efficiency and the effectiveness of actions have been examined individually. However, conservation actions generally occur simultaneously, so the full suite of implemented conservation actions should be assessed. We used the conservation actions underway for all threatened and near-threatened birds of the world (International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species) to assess which biological (related to taxonomy and ecology) and anthropogenic (related to geoeconomics) factors were associated with the implementation of different classes of conservation actions. We also assessed which conservation actions were associated with population increases in the species targeted. Extinction-risk category was the strongest single predictor of the type of conservation actions implemented, followed by landmass type (continent, oceanic island, etc.) and generation length. Species targeted by invasive nonnative species control or eradication programs, ex situ conservation, international legislation, reintroduction, or education, and awareness-raising activities were more likely to have increasing populations. These results illustrate the importance of developing a predictive science of conservation actions and the relative benefits of each class of implemented conservation action for threatened and near-threatened birds worldwide. © 2016 Society for Conservation Biology.

  13. Ace: Action-Communication-Expression. IMPACT II: Houston's Teacher-to-Teacher Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntyre, Margie

    The Action-Communication-Expression program, an extension of a speech communication class in a Houston (Texas) high school, involves visual and concrete communication, such as photography, script writing, and filmmaking. Students in two speech classes work in small groups of four or five, independently of the teacher, after receiving initial…

  14. 76 FR 58461 - Information Collection; Qualified Products List for Class A Foams for Wildland Firefighting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-21

    ... A Foams for Wildland Firefighting AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice; request for comment... approved information collection, Qualified Products List for Class A Foams for Wildland Firefighting. DATES... year, including holidays. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Qualified Products List for Class A Foam...

  15. 76 FR 6322 - Brucellosis Class Free States and Certified Brucellosis-Free Herds; Revisions to Testing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ... reclassification of any Class Free State or area to a lower status if two or more herds are found to have.... APHIS-2009-0083] RIN 0579-AD22 Brucellosis Class Free States and Certified Brucellosis-Free Herds... Class Free States. This action will allow interested persons additional time to prepare and submit...

  16. Rightful Discharge: Making "Termination" Mean It Is Really Over: Part 1-Issues and Legislation.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Michael S; Koen, Clifford M; Carmichael, Amanda J

    One of the most difficult undertakings for any employer is carrying out a decision to terminate an employee. Of all the employment-related actions taken by employers, the act of termination creates the greatest risk of legal liability. Many claims of employment discrimination filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission arise from the act of termination. In many federal courts, employment-related lawsuits account for more than 50% of all court filings; these lawsuits cover a wide range of subjects, such as failure to hire, defamation, breach of contract, and harassment, to name a few. However, most employees sue because they have lost their job or fear they will lose their job. Because these individuals have virtually nothing to lose, they often see filing a claim with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or filing a lawsuit as the only viable option-often suing for wrongful discharge. With a thoughtful review of the issues and the legislation addressed in this article, health care managers can reduce the unnecessary risk of expensive, time-consuming litigation.

  17. 78 FR 54795 - Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; Dallas, Addison Airport, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-06

    ...-0749; Airspace Docket No. 13-ASW-16] Proposed Amendment of Class D Airspace; Dallas, Addison Airport...). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class D airspace at Addison Airport, Dallas, TX. Changes to air traffic flows in the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area has made it necessary to lower the ceiling of the...

  18. The Stanford Nutrition Action Program: a dietary fat intervention for low-literacy adults.

    PubMed Central

    Howard-Pitney, B; Winkleby, M A; Albright, C L; Bruce, B; Fortmann, S P

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to test the effectiveness of the Stanford Nutrition Action Program, an experimental trial to reduce dietary fat intake among low-literacy, low-income adults. METHODS: Twenty-four paired adult education classes (351 participants, 85% women, mean age = 31 years) were randomly assigned to receive a newly developed dietary fat curriculum (the Stanford Nutrition Action Program) or an existing general nutrition curriculum. Food frequency and nutrition-related data, body mass index, and capillary blood cholesterol were collected at baseline and at two postintervention follow-ups. RESULTS: The Stanford Nutrition Action Program classes showed significantly greater net improvements in nutrition knowledge (+7.7), attitudes (/0.2), and self-efficacy (-0.2) than the general nutrition classes; they also showed significantly greater reductions in the percentage of calories from total (-2.3%) and saturated (-0.9%) fat. There were no significant differences in body mass index or blood cholesterol. All positive intervention effects were maintained for 3 months postintervention. CONCLUSIONS: The Stanford Nutrition Action Program curriculum, tailored to the cultural, economic, and learning needs of low-literacy, low-income adults, was significantly more effective in achieving fat-related nutritional changes than the general nutrition curriculum. PMID:9431286

  19. 77 FR 76302 - Notice Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-27

    ... Utilities Company for violations of state and federal opacity, New Source Review, and Title V regulations at the company's electric generating station in Ghent, Kentucky. The proposed consent decree requires... Utilities Company, Civil Action No. 3:12-cv-00076-CFVT. The United States filed this lawsuit under the Clean...

  20. Brst-Bfv Quantization and the Schwinger Action Principle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, J. Antonio; Vergara, J. David; Urrutia, Luis F.

    We introduce an operator version of the BRST-BFV effective action for arbitrary systems with first class constraints. Using the Schwinger action principle we calculate the propagators corresponding to: (i) the parametrized nonrelativistic free particle, (ii) the relativistic free particle and (iii) the spinning relativistic free particle. Our calculation correctly imposes the BRST invariance at the end points. The precise use of the additional boundary terms required in the description of fermionic variables is incorporated.

  1. Molecular analysis of the Na+ channel blocking actions of the novel class I anti-arrhythmic agent RSD 921

    PubMed Central

    Pugsley, Michael K; Goldin, Alan L

    1999-01-01

    RSD 921 is a novel, structurally unique, class I Na+ channel blocking drug under development as a local anaesthetic agent and possibly for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. The effects of RSD 921 on wild-type heart, skeletal muscle, neuronal and non-inactivating IFMQ3 mutant neuronal Na+ channels expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes were examined using a two-electrode voltage clamp.RSD 921 produced similarly potent tonic block of all three wild-type channel isoforms, with EC50 values between 35 and 47 μM, whereas the EC50 for block of the IFMQ3 mutant channel was 110±5.5 μM.Block of Na+ channels by RSD 921 was concentration and use-dependent, with marked frequency-dependent block of heart channels and mild frequency-dependent block of skeletal muscle, wild-type neuronal and IFMQ3 mutant channels.RSD 921 produced a minimal hyperpolarizing shift in the steady-state voltage-dependence of inactivation of all three wild-type channel isoforms.Open channel block of the IFMQ3 mutant channel was best fit with a first order blocking scheme with kon equal to 0.11±0.012×106 M−1 s−1 and koff equal to 12.5±2.5 s−1, resulting in KD of 117±31 μM. Recovery from open channel block occurred with a time constant of 14±2.7 s−1.These results suggest that RSD 921 preferentially interacts with the open state of the Na+ channel, and that the drug may produce potent local anaesthetic or anti-arrhythmic action under conditions of shortened action potentials, such as during anoxia or ischaemia. PMID:10369450

  2. 78 FR 58159 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Battle Mountain, NV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    ...., long. 117[deg]00'00'' W.; to Lat. 38[deg]13'30'' N., long. 117[deg]16'30'' W.; to Lat. 37[deg]55'11'' N., long. 117[deg]53'37'' W.; to Lat. 39[deg]39'28'' N., long. 117[deg]59'55'' W.; to Lat. 40[deg]04'38'' N...: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action establishes Class E...

  3. 78 FR 78794 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Flagstaff, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ...This action proposes to establish Class E airspace at the Flagstaff VHF Omni-Directional Radio Range/Distance Measuring Equipment (VOR/DME) navigation aid, Flagstaff, AZ, to facilitate vectoring of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) aircraft under control of Albuquerque Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC). The FAA is proposing this action to enhance the safety and management of aircraft operations within the National Airspace System.

  4. Efficient computation of optimal actions.

    PubMed

    Todorov, Emanuel

    2009-07-14

    Optimal choice of actions is a fundamental problem relevant to fields as diverse as neuroscience, psychology, economics, computer science, and control engineering. Despite this broad relevance the abstract setting is similar: we have an agent choosing actions over time, an uncertain dynamical system whose state is affected by those actions, and a performance criterion that the agent seeks to optimize. Solving problems of this kind remains hard, in part, because of overly generic formulations. Here, we propose a more structured formulation that greatly simplifies the construction of optimal control laws in both discrete and continuous domains. An exhaustive search over actions is avoided and the problem becomes linear. This yields algorithms that outperform Dynamic Programming and Reinforcement Learning, and thereby solve traditional problems more efficiently. Our framework also enables computations that were not possible before: composing optimal control laws by mixing primitives, applying deterministic methods to stochastic systems, quantifying the benefits of error tolerance, and inferring goals from behavioral data via convex optimization. Development of a general class of easily solvable problems tends to accelerate progress--as linear systems theory has done, for example. Our framework may have similar impact in fields where optimal choice of actions is relevant.

  5. 77 FR 43222 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Tidewater...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service 50 CFR Part 17 [Docket No. FWS-R8-ES-2011... Federal Actions On April 15, 2009, Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) filed a lawsuit in the U.S... consultation history for natural resource management projects suggests that these projects are generally...

  6. 78 FR 21419 - Notice of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-10

    ... Natural Resources Division, Ignacia S. Moreno, and should refer to United States v. Tyson Foods, Inc. et... the Eastern District of Missouri, in the lawsuit entitled United States v. Tyson Foods, Inc., et al, Civil Action No. 1:13-cv-56. The United States' Complaint names Tyson Foods, Inc. (Tyson); IBP...

  7. 78 FR 11682 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Settlement Under the Clean Air Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-19

    ... Court for the District of Kansas in the lawsuit entitled United States v. Koch Nitrogen Company, LLC, Civil Action No. 13-cv-02078. The Complaint states claims on behalf of the United States against Koch..., and Marshalltown, IA. Koch Nitrogen Company, LLC, will resolve its liability by paying a $380,000...

  8. 28 CFR 104.21 - Filing for compensation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... or she has dismissed any pending lawsuit seeking damages as a result of the terrorist-related..., but not limited to, the spouse, former spouses, children, other dependents, and parents), to the... reasonably be expected to assert an interest in an award or to have a cause of action to recover damages...

  9. 28 CFR 104.21 - Filing for compensation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... or she has dismissed any pending lawsuit seeking damages as a result of the terrorist-related..., but not limited to, the spouse, former spouses, children, other dependents, and parents), to the... reasonably be expected to assert an interest in an award or to have a cause of action to recover damages...

  10. A Day in the Life of African American and European American College Students: Daily Affective Experience and Perceptions of Climate at a Predominantly White Institution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birk, Nancy Adair

    2009-01-01

    In the context of the under-representation of African Americans in higher education and the lawsuits targeting affirmative action policies in college admissions, the purpose of this study was to examine the daily affective experiences of African American and European American students at a predominantly White institution, exploring the activities…

  11. 77 FR 4714 - Self-Regulation of Class II Gaming

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 518 RIN 3141-AA44 Self...: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend the NIGC's self-regulation regulations to tailor the self-regulating qualifying criteria to a tribe's regulation of class II gaming...

  12. The Relation of Verbal and Nonverbal Encoding to Serial Recall Performance in Middle and Lower Class Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacher, Miriam R.

    Effects of lower versus middle class parental occupation, verbal intelligence, and action content of pictured stimuli upon nonverbal serial recall were investigated in white first-graders attending a semi-rural elementary school in southeastern Michigan. Forty lower class and 20 middle class children, (half boys and half girls) were grouped on the…

  13. Occupational health: a classic example of class conflict.

    PubMed

    Kerr, L E

    1990-01-01

    The history of class conflict in occupational health in the United States is illustrated by the current Pittston Company attack on coal miners' health benefits, the silicosis and asbestosis controversies, the corporate restrictions on state workers' compensation laws, and the unremitting management opposition to the federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 and the Occupational Health and Safety Act of 1970. A positive action program is presented as the basis for convening the long-overdue White House Conference on Occupational Health and Safety. Mining engineers are urged to support that action program to prevent unnecessary work-related death and disability.

  14. 77 FR 14269 - Amendment of Class C Airspace; Springfield, MO; Lincoln, NE; Grand Rapids, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-09

    .... SUMMARY: This action corrects the Class C airspace designation for Gerald R. Ford International Airport... coordinates of Gerald R. Ford International Airport, Grand Rapids, MI, to match the FAA's aeronautical... legal description for the Gerald R. Ford International Airport, Grand Rapids, MI, Class C airspace, as...

  15. Integrating Geospatial Technologies, Action Research, and Curriculum Theory to Promote Ecological Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agnello, Mary Frances; Carpenter, Penny

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine and report on the impact of integrating geospatial technology and ecological literacy into an educational leadership Master's class block comprised of action research and curriculum theory. Design/methodology/approach: Action and teacher research informed by environmental issues framed an action…

  16. The Impact of Social Class and Social Cognitive Domain on Northeastern Brazilian Mothers' and Daughters' Conceptions of Parental Control

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lins-Dyer, Maria Tereza; Nucci, Larry

    2007-01-01

    The impact of social class was explored on Brazilian mothers' and daughters' conceptions of who should, and who actually would control decisions regarding the daughters' actions. Participants were 126 middle class and 126 lower class girls aged 11-16 years, and their mothers. No social class differences were found in daughters' judgments about who…

  17. 75 FR 17322 - Proposed Revocation of Class D and E Airspace; Big Delta, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-06

    ...-0083 Airspace Docket No. 10-AAL-5] Proposed Revocation of Class D and E Airspace; Big Delta, AK AGENCY... action proposes to revoke Class D and E airspace at Big Delta, AK. This airspace duplicates the... NASSIF Building at the above address. An informal docket may also be examined during normal business...

  18. Auxiliary field loop expansion of the effective action for a class of stochastic partial differential equations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooper, Fred; Dawson, John F.

    2016-02-01

    We present an alternative to the perturbative (in coupling constant) diagrammatic approach for studying stochastic dynamics of a class of reaction diffusion systems. Our approach is based on an auxiliary field loop expansion for the path integral representation for the generating functional of the noise induced correlation functions of the fields describing these systems. The systems we consider include Langevin systems describable by the set of self interacting classical fields ϕi(x , t) in the presence of external noise ηi(x , t) , namely (∂t - ν∇2) ϕ - F [ ϕ ] = η, as well as chemical reaction annihilation processes obtained by applying the many-body approach of Doi-Peliti to the Master Equation formulation of these problems. We consider two different effective actions, one based on the Onsager-Machlup (OM) approach, and the other due to Janssen-deGenneris based on the Martin-Siggia-Rose (MSR) response function approach. For the simple models we consider, we determine an analytic expression for the Energy landscape (effective potential) in both formalisms and show how to obtain the more physical effective potential of the Onsager-Machlup approach from the MSR effective potential in leading order in the auxiliary field loop expansion. For the KPZ equation we find that our approximation, which is non-perturbative and obeys broken symmetry Ward identities, does not lead to the appearance of a fluctuation induced symmetry breakdown. This contradicts the results of earlier studies.

  19. 78 FR 20846 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Leesburg, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-08

    ... action proposes to establish Class E surface airspace at Leesburg, VA, to aid Potomac TRACON in the safe... airspace required to aid Potomac TRACON in the safe and orderly flow of air traffic at Leesburg Executive...

  20. 76 FR 5303 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Carrizo Springs, Glass Ranch Airport, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-31

    ...-0877; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-13] Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Carrizo Springs, Glass... rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: This action proposes to amend Class E airspace for the Carrizo Springs, Glass.... * * * * * ASW TX E5 Carrizo Springs, Glass Ranch Airport, TX [Amended] Carrizo Springs, Glass Ranch Airport, TX...

  1. Certification of EEOC Class Suits under Rule 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, Mary E.

    1979-01-01

    The purposes, functions, and underlying policies of both rule 23 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Title VII indicate that the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission should be required to certify when it brings class action suits. Available from University of Chicago Law School, 1111 E. 60th St., Chicago, IL 60637; single issue $3.50.…

  2. Striving for Discussion: An Analysis of a Teacher Educator's Comments in Whole-Class Conversation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Todd

    2016-01-01

    During my English Language Arts methods class, I noticed that my discussion patterns were teacher-focused and in an Initiation-Response-Evaluation format. Because I wanted to model dialogic methods of whole-class discussions for my preservice teachers, I recoiled from this finding and began a self-study using an action research method to examine…

  3. Harnessing a Hurricane: Social Studies in Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Kathleen L.

    1991-01-01

    Describes how a sixth grade class in Findlay, Ohio, became involved in events in McClellanville, South Carolina, where Hurricane Hugo severely damaged a school. After students viewed a videotape of the damage, they planned actions to provide relief that ultimately involved their entire school. Underscores the project's meaningfulness and…

  4. 77 FR 5691 - Amendment of Class C Airspace; Springfield, MO; Lincoln, NE; Grand Rapids, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ...This action modifies the Springfield, MO; Lincoln, NE; and Grand Rapids, MI, Class C airspace areas by amending the legal descriptions to contain the current airport names and updated airport reference point (ARP) information. This action does not change the boundaries of the controlled airspace areas.

  5. 18 CFR 707.8 - Typical classes of action requiring similar treatment under NEPA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Typical classes of... Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) Water... submittal of regional water resources management plans (comprehensive, coordinated, joint plans or elements...

  6. 18 CFR 707.8 - Typical classes of action requiring similar treatment under NEPA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Typical classes of... Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) Water... submittal of regional water resources management plans (comprehensive, coordinated, joint plans or elements...

  7. 18 CFR 707.8 - Typical classes of action requiring similar treatment under NEPA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Typical classes of... Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) Water... submittal of regional water resources management plans (comprehensive, coordinated, joint plans or elements...

  8. 18 CFR 707.8 - Typical classes of action requiring similar treatment under NEPA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Typical classes of... Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) Water... submittal of regional water resources management plans (comprehensive, coordinated, joint plans or elements...

  9. 18 CFR 707.8 - Typical classes of action requiring similar treatment under NEPA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Typical classes of... Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) Water... submittal of regional water resources management plans (comprehensive, coordinated, joint plans or elements...

  10. Dissecting modes of action of non-genotoxic carcinogens in primary mouse hepatocytes.

    PubMed

    Schaap, Mirjam M; Zwart, Edwin P; Wackers, Paul F K; Huijskens, Ilse; van de Water, Bob; Breit, Timo M; van Steeg, Harry; Jonker, Martijs J; Luijten, Mirjam

    2012-11-01

    Under REACH, the European Community Regulation on chemicals, the testing strategy for carcinogenicity is based on in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity assays. Given that non-genotoxic carcinogens are negative for genotoxicity and chronic bioassays are no longer regularly performed, this class of carcinogens will go undetected. Therefore, test systems detecting non-genotoxic carcinogens, or even better their modes of action, are required. Here, we investigated whether gene expression profiling in primary hepatocytes can be used to distinguish different modes of action of non-genotoxic carcinogens. For this, primary mouse hepatocytes were exposed to 16 non-genotoxic carcinogens with diverse modes of action. Upon profiling, pathway analysis was performed to obtain insight into the biological relevance of the observed changes in gene expression. Subsequently, both a supervised and an unsupervised comparison approach were applied to recognize the modes of action at the transcriptomic level. These analyses resulted in the detection of three of eight compound classes, that is, peroxisome proliferators, metalloids and skin tumor promotors. In conclusion, gene expression profiles in primary hepatocytes, at least in rodent hepatocytes, appear to be useful to detect some, certainly not all, modes of action of non-genotoxic carcinogens.

  11. 75 FR 29655 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Batesville, AR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ...-1177; Airspace Docket No. 09-ASW-34] Amendment of Class E Airspace; Batesville, AR AGENCY: Federal... Batesville, AR. Decommissioning of the Independence County non-directional beacon (NDB) at Batesville Regional Airport, Batesville, AR, has made this action necessary to enhance the safety and management of...

  12. 75 FR 68416 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Berryville, AR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-08

    ...-0690; Airspace Docket No. 10-ASW-2] Establishment of Class E Airspace; Berryville, AR AGENCY: Federal... for Berryville, AR, to accommodate Area Navigation (RNAV) Standard Instrument Approach Procedures (SIAP) at Carroll County Airport, Berryville, AR. The FAA is taking this action to enhance the safety...

  13. The processing of actions and action-words in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients.

    PubMed

    Papeo, Liuba; Cecchetto, Cinzia; Mazzon, Giulia; Granello, Giulia; Cattaruzza, Tatiana; Verriello, Lorenzo; Eleopra, Roberto; Rumiati, Raffaella I

    2015-03-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with prime consequences on the motor function and concomitant cognitive changes, most frequently in the domain of executive functions. Moreover, poorer performance with action-verbs versus object-nouns has been reported in ALS patients, raising the hypothesis that the motor dysfunction deteriorates the semantic representation of actions. Using action-verbs and manipulable-object nouns sharing semantic relationship with the same motor representations, the verb-noun difference was assessed in a group of 21 ALS-patients with severely impaired motor behavior, and compared with a normal sample's performance. ALS-group performed better on nouns than verbs, both in production (action and object naming) and comprehension (word-picture matching). This observation implies that the interpretation of the verb-noun difference in ALS cannot be accounted by the relatedness of verbs to motor representations, but has to consider the role of other semantic and/or morpho-phonological dimensions that distinctively define the two grammatical classes. Moreover, this difference in the ALS-group was not greater than the noun-verb difference in the normal sample. The mental representation of actions also involves an executive-control component to organize, in logical/temporal order, the individual motor events (or sub-goals) that form a purposeful action. We assessed this ability with action sequencing tasks, requiring participants to re-construct a purposeful action from the scrambled presentation of its constitutive motor events, shown in the form of photographs or short sentences. In those tasks, ALS-group's performance was significantly poorer than controls'. Thus, the executive dysfunction manifested in the sequencing deficit -but not the selective verb deficit- appears as a consistent feature of the cognitive profile associated with ALS. We suggest that ALS can offer a valuable model to study the relationship between

  14. The Facebook-in-Action: Challenging, Harnessing and Enhancing Students Class Assignments and Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saifudin, Adam Mohd; Yacob, Aizan; Saad, Rohaizah

    2016-01-01

    Issues of universities students harnessing and capitalizing the usage of Facebook for their own learning capabilities and effective thinking is always the focus of education scholars, in assessing the quality class assignments and projects produced by them. Therefore, Facebook is now becoming unbearable influence since the internet activation in…

  15. Process management using component thermal-hydraulic function classes

    DOEpatents

    Morman, James A.; Wei, Thomas Y. C.; Reifman, Jaques

    1999-01-01

    A process management expert system where following malfunctioning of a component, such as a pump, for determining system realignment procedures such as for by-passing the malfunctioning component with on-line speeds to maintain operation of the process at full or partial capacity or to provide safe shut down of the system while isolating the malfunctioning component. The expert system uses thermal-hydraulic function classes at the component level for analyzing unanticipated as well as anticipated component malfunctions to provide recommended sequences of operator actions. Each component is classified according to its thermal-hydraulic function, and the generic and component-specific characteristics for that function. Using the diagnosis of the malfunctioning component and its thermal hydraulic class, the expert system analysis is carried out using generic thermal-hydraulic first principles. One aspect of the invention employs a qualitative physics-based forward search directed primarily downstream from the malfunctioning component in combination with a subsequent backward search directed primarily upstream from the serviced component. Generic classes of components are defined in the knowledge base according to the three thermal-hydraulic functions of mass, momentum and energy transfer and are used to determine possible realignment of component configurations in response to thermal-hydraulic function imbalance caused by the malfunctioning component. Each realignment to a new configuration produces the accompanying sequence of recommended operator actions. All possible new configurations are examined and a prioritized list of acceptable solutions is produced.

  16. Process management using component thermal-hydraulic function classes

    DOEpatents

    Morman, J.A.; Wei, T.Y.C.; Reifman, J.

    1999-07-27

    A process management expert system where following malfunctioning of a component, such as a pump, for determining system realignment procedures such as for by-passing the malfunctioning component with on-line speeds to maintain operation of the process at full or partial capacity or to provide safe shut down of the system while isolating the malfunctioning component. The expert system uses thermal-hydraulic function classes at the component level for analyzing unanticipated as well as anticipated component malfunctions to provide recommended sequences of operator actions. Each component is classified according to its thermal-hydraulic function, and the generic and component-specific characteristics for that function. Using the diagnosis of the malfunctioning component and its thermal hydraulic class, the expert system analysis is carried out using generic thermal-hydraulic first principles. One aspect of the invention employs a qualitative physics-based forward search directed primarily downstream from the malfunctioning component in combination with a subsequent backward search directed primarily upstream from the serviced component. Generic classes of components are defined in the knowledge base according to the three thermal-hydraulic functions of mass, momentum and energy transfer and are used to determine possible realignment of component configurations in response to thermal-hydraulic function imbalance caused by the malfunctioning component. Each realignment to a new configuration produces the accompanying sequence of recommended operator actions. All possible new configurations are examined and a prioritized list of acceptable solutions is produced. 5 figs.

  17. Response Interference between Functional and Structural Actions Linked to the Same Familiar Object

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jax, Steven A.; Buxbaum, Laurel J.

    2010-01-01

    Viewing objects with the intention to act upon them may activate task-irrelevant motor responses. Many manufactured objects are associated with two action classes: grasping in accordance with object structure and skillful use consistent with object function. We studied the potential for within-object competition during action selection by…

  18. Class I Microcins: Their Structures, Activities, and Mechanisms of Resistance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Severinov, Konstantin; Semenova, Ekaterina; Kazakov, Teymur

    Microcin J25, microcin B17, and microcin C7-C51 are the three known members of class I posttranslationally modified microcins (heavily posttranslationally modified antibacterial peptides produced by Enterobacteriaceae with molecular weights of less than 5 kDa). The three microcins are unrelated to each other; they have structures that are highly atypical for ribosomally synthesized peptides and target essential molecular machines that are validated drug targets. In this chapter, available data on mechanisms of action, structure-activity relationships, and immunity mechanisms for class I microcins and related compounds are discussed.

  19. Education in Utah: A Call to Action. Addendum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City.

    Clarifications to recommendations made in the Utah Education Reform Committee report, "A Call to Action," are presented in this addendum. Earlier recommendations relating to teachers are revised and clarified and new ones relating to class size, teachers' duties, instructional materials, and the student-parent-school relationship are…

  20. Deferred Maintenance and the Americans with Disabilities Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Jerry S.

    1997-01-01

    A national survey investigated actions taken by 338 colleges and universities on deferred maintenance, amount spent to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act, spending needed to achieve compliance, how long it will take to achieve that goal, and how many institutions had been identified in a complaint or lawsuit. Results are reported by…