Science.gov

Sample records for claude amra norbert

  1. Claude Ruggieri

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    During the 19th century, rocket enthusiasts and inventors began to appear in almost every country. Some people thought these early rocket pioneers were geniuses, and others thought they were crazy. Claude Ruggieri, an Italian living in Paris, apparently rocketed small animals into space as early as 1806. The payloads were recovered by parachute. As depicted here by artist Larry Toschik, French authorities were not always impressed with rocket research. They halted Ruggieri's plans to launch a small boy using a rocket cluster. (Reproduced from a drawing by Larry Toschik and presented here courtesy of the artist and Motorola Inc.)

  2. Norbert Elias and the Lost Young Worker Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, John; O'Connor, Henrietta

    2006-01-01

    Forty years ago, between 1962 and 1964, fieldwork was carried out on the research project "Adjustment of Young Workers to Work Situations and Adult Roles". Using archived materials relating to the little known Norbert Elias project, this paper has two aims. First, to introduce this largely unknown aspect of Elias's work to a wider…

  3. Norbert Elias and the Lost Young Worker Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, John; O'Connor, Henrietta

    2006-01-01

    Forty years ago, between 1962 and 1964, fieldwork was carried out on the research project "Adjustment of Young Workers to Work Situations and Adult Roles". Using archived materials relating to the little known Norbert Elias project, this paper has two aims. First, to introduce this largely unknown aspect of Elias's work to a wider…

  4. [Claude Fortier: the great history of neuroendocrinology].

    PubMed

    Rostène, William

    2005-05-01

    The work of Claude Fortier is linked to the history of neuroendocrinology. Through him and his pioneer work in Montreal with Hans Selye, the < Man of stress >, and at Laval University in Quebec City in his own laboratory, where all researchers involved in the study of the hypothalamo-hypophysial adrenal axis have been through, it is the whole saga of the search for the neuropeptide CRH (corticotropin releasing factor), and the harsh fight for the Nobel distinction that can be related. Among Claude Fortier's scientific discoveries, the feedback mechanisms of glucocorticoid hormones on brain and pituitary function, the presence of both mineralo and glucocorticoid receptors in some brain structures, and the introduction of computer science in biomedical research, can be cited. The consequences of these discoveries are illustrated in the pathologies linked to stress (anxiety, depression, addiction). Claude Fortier was not only a great figure in biomedical science, honored by several distinctions, but also an important personality in the policy of research in which he played a prominent role in Quebec medical research and allowed it to rank among the best in the world.

  5. [Claude Bernard, founder of experimental physiology].

    PubMed

    Ren, Y; Li, X; Xu, W

    2001-07-01

    Claude Bernard was a famous French physiologist and philosopher in the 19th century. His experimental researches almost involved all fields of physiology. It is generally recognized by physiologists that in the research of Bernard in the digestion of pancreas, glucogenesis in the liver, and the vasomotor mechanism and the mechanism of action of curari and carbon monoxide were all at the lead. His researches established the foundation for modern physiology, modern biochemistry and the works of Pavlov, and were the initiation of experimental physiology.

  6. Compact Claude cycle refrigerator for laboratory use

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiersaki, Y.; Kaneko, M.; Munekata, T.; Baba, Y.; Matsubara, Y.; Yasukochi, K.

    1983-12-01

    A Claude cycle refrigerator with a three stage reciprocating expansion engine is described. Instead of a cam mechanism, valves are driven directly by magnetic solenoids operated by means of a micro processor control system. A swash plate mechanism is used to convert reciprocating motion of the expander pistons to rotary motion. A refrigeration capacity of 8 watts was achieved at 4.5 K with the operating pressure of 1.1 MPa and flow rate of 2.4 g/sec.. An effect of overintake operation was studied. Experimental results show that the efficiency of the expander has a peak point in the region of overintake operation with constant cycle speed, which agrees with theoretical results. The electrically controlled valve system is useful to vary the valve timing to achieve an optimum condition of operation.

  7. Compact Claude cycle refrigerator for laboratory use

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hiersaki, Y.; Kaneko, M.; Munekata, T.; Baba, Y.; Matsubara, Y.; Yasukochi, K.

    1983-01-01

    A Claude cycle refrigerator with a three stage reciprocating expansion engine is described. Instead of a cam mechanism, valves are driven directly by magnetic solenoids operated by means of a micro processor control system. A swash plate mechanism is used to convert reciprocating motion of the expander pistons to rotary motion. A refrigeration capacity of 8 watts was achieved at 4.5 K with the operating pressure of 1.1 MPa and flow rate of 2.4 g/sec.. An effect of overintake operation was studied. Experimental results show that the efficiency of the expander has a peak point in the region of overintake operation with constant cycle speed, which agrees with theoretical results. The electrically controlled valve system is useful to vary the valve timing to achieve an optimum condition of operation.

  8. Claude Bernard and his revelations in physiology.

    PubMed

    Breathnach, C S

    2014-03-01

    It was in Saint-Julien near Villefranche that Claude Bernard was born on 12 July 1813. About 20 years later he moved to Paris to become a dramatist but was directed into the study of medicine, the service at the Hôtel Dieu of Magendie that led him to the Collège de France. He entered Magendie's laboratory as a voluntary assistant and within a year became official préparateur. His early work on the chorda tympani and his MD thesis on gastric juice in 1843 set him on his lifelong discoveries in physiology. The central role of hepatic glycogenesis in the formation of sugar in animals was established around 1850, and he proceeded to show that section of the cervical fibres of the sympathetic chain led to congestion and increased temperature on that side of the face-resulting from paralysis of the vasomotor nerves. And there were vasodilator as well as vasoconstrictor fibres. After the salivary glands, the pancreas caught his attention and he discovered its ability to emulsify fatty material. Toxic and therapeutic substances were analysed: carbon monoxide paralyses carriage of oxygen by taking its place on haemoglobin; and curare abolishes voluntary movement by paralysis at the motor end-plate. But Bernard was above all a general physiologist, exemplified in 1872 and 1873 in his Lectures on the phenomena of life common to animals and plants, summarised in the aperçu 'the constancy of the internal environment is the condition of the free and independent life'. Claude Bernard died on Sunday 10 February 1878 in Paris.

  9. Astronaut Claude Nicollier at RMS controls on aft flight deck

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Swiss Astronaut Claude Nicollier is pictured at the aft flight deck station he occupies. Among Nicollier 's responsibilities were the control of the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) during operations with the Hubble Space Telesocpe (HST).

  10. [Norbert Elias and a narrative about ageing and death].

    PubMed

    do O, Alarcon Agra

    2008-01-01

    This article investigates the contribution made by Norbert Elias (1897-1990) to the problematization of old age by analyzing his text "Envelhecer e morrer". Here, the sociologist is seen as an author of texts which can help build up references that span disciplinary boundaries, or even overcome the polarization between 'health-' and 'social-'related knowledge, making it possible to form the desired field of study on ageing. Though Elias sometimes aligns himself with ideas bordering on an idealization of ageing from a pre-capitalist 'Golden Age', he does offer insights which deserve to be taken into consideration, especially when he relates the contemporary experience of ageing to the invention of modernity itself.

  11. Claude Claremont's Contribution to the History of Science and Engineering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallenberg, Harvey R.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the contributions of Claude Claremont to science education for children and his 1937 book, "Spanning Space," which outlines the building of models of bridges and other structures out of paper. Also describes how children and their teachers can build a model strut tower and a steam engine. (MDM)

  12. Claude Claremont's Contribution to the History of Science and Engineering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallenberg, Harvey R.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the contributions of Claude Claremont to science education for children and his 1937 book, "Spanning Space," which outlines the building of models of bridges and other structures out of paper. Also describes how children and their teachers can build a model strut tower and a steam engine. (MDM)

  13. Astronaut Claude Nicollier at RMS controls on aft flight deck

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-05

    STS061-07-003 (4 Dec 1993) --- Swiss astronaut Claude Nicollier is pictured at the aft flight deck station he occupied during much of the time on NASA's STS-61 mission aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour. Among Nicollier's responsibilities were the control of the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) during operations with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST).

  14. Claude McKay: Black Protest in Western Traditional Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson-Weems, Clenora

    1992-01-01

    The protest poetry of Claude McKay, a leading writer of the Harlem Renaissance, is couched in the Western sonnet form. How the poetic form supports or conflicts with the messages of African-American pride and contempt for racism is examined. (SLD)

  15. Astronaut Claude Nicollier participates in RMS training at MSFC

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-06-15

    Swiss scientits Claude Nicollier (left), STS-61 mission specialist, waits his turn at the controls for the remote manipulator system (RMS) during a training session in the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Mark Norman of MSFC has control of the RMS in this frame.

  16. Forty Years On: Norbert Elias and the Young Worker Project. CLMS Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, John; O'Connor, Henrietta

    A study performed in 1962 by Norbert Elias on the adjustment of young people to the transition from school to work had five areas of inquiry; adjustment to relationships with older workers and supervisors; adjustment to job problems; adjustment to role as workers; adjustment to role as money-earner in home relations; and adjustment to role as…

  17. Institutional Transformation for Multicultural Education: Bloomfield College and St. Norbert College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaBare, Martha J.; Lang, Stuart G.

    1992-01-01

    Bloomfield College (New Jersey) and St. Norbert College (Wisconsin), both small, church-related liberal arts colleges, have supported diversity through organizational change, one with a degree and certification program for a specific Native American population, the other with a collegewide effort for faculty development, inclusive curriculum,…

  18. A note about Norbert Wiener and his contribution to Harmonic Analysis and Tauberian Theorems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Almira, J. M.; Romero, A. E.

    2009-05-01

    In this note we explain the main motivations Norbert Wiener had for the creation of his Generalized Harmonic Analysis [13] and his Tauberian Theorems [14]. Although these papers belong to the most pure mathematical tradition, they were deeply based on some Engineering and Physics Problems and Wiener was able to use them for such diverse areas as Optics, Brownian motion, Filter Theory, Prediction Theory and Cybernetics.

  19. The aesthetics of laboratory inscription: Claude Bernard's Cahier Rouge.

    PubMed

    Sattar, Atia

    2013-03-01

    This essay explores the aesthetic sensibilities of the French physiologist Claude Bernard (1813-1878). In particular, it analyzes the Cahier Rouge (1850-1860), Bernard's acclaimed laboratory notebook. In this notebook, Bernard articulates the range of his experience as an experimental physiologist, juxtaposing without differentiation details of laboratory procedure and more personal queries, doubts, and reflections on experimentation, life, and art. Bernard's insights, it is argued, offer an aesthetic and phenomenological template for considering experimentation. His physiological point of view ranges from his own bodily aesthesis or sensory perception, through personal reflections on scientific discovery as an artistic process, to a broader metaphysical conception of life as an artistic creation. Such an aesthetic approach to physiology enables Bernard to reconcile his empirical methodology and his romantic idealism; it offers the history of laboratory science a framework for considering the individual, bodily, and emotional labor inherent in physiological experimentation.

  20. Claude Lévi-Strauss on Race, History, and Genetics

    PubMed Central

    Müller-Wille, Staffan

    2015-01-01

    In 1952, the French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss published a small booklet titled Race and History. It formed part of a series of pamphlets on the so-called “race-question” by leading anthropologists and geneticists, which UNESCO published as part of its campaign against racism. Roughly twenty years later, in 1971, UNESCO invited Lévi-Strauss to give a lecture to open the International Year of Action to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination. This time the lecture, titled “Race and culture,” caused a scandal. In 2005, on occasion of the Organisation’s 60th anniversary, Lévi-Strauss was once again invited by UNESCO to give a lecture. It followed the same lines as his 1971 speech, but now met with acclaim. In my paper I will analyze Lévi-Strauss’ interventions with respect to their reliance on contemporary genetics. Lévi-Strauss always saw a close analogy between structuralist anthropology and genetics, and derived his anti-evolutionary stance from the combinatory logic that both disciplines endorsed. I will argue, that it was this combinatory logic which created room for historical contingency and agency in Lévi-Strauss’ understanding of the history of humankind. PMID:25685173

  1. [Claude Perrault, famous architect, unknown physician, untiring researcher].

    PubMed

    Hazard, Jean

    2007-01-01

    As a famous architect Charles Perrault persuaded Colbert to appoint a committee of the "Bâtiments du Roi" made up of three persons: Le Vau, Le Brun and one of his brothers Claude whose Louis XIV chose the plan. While Le Vau was busy in Versailles Perrault's influence became dominating. Although he was an unknown medical practitioner he managed to be allowed to practise and to teach medicine and to be a member of theses' jury for twenty five years. He was highly regarded by his colleagues who did not hesitate to hold a consultation. His trip in Bordeaux was consecrated to look after his brother but because of his numerous occupations he gave up practising medicine and he only treated the members of his family, his friends and some poor. He was a tireless researcher and at the "Académie des Sciences" he looked after the "Histoire naturelle des animaux" (Natural History of the Animals). In "Les Essais de Physique" he tackled numerous problems of physiology such as elasticity and contractility of arteries, studied the sense organs and did some experiments about blood transfusion. As an exceptional man he could practise the three of the occupations.

  2. Reconsidering Feminisms and the Work of Norbert Elias for Understanding Gender, Sport and Sport-Related Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mansfield, Louise

    2008-01-01

    This paper reconsiders the relationships between feminist perspectives and the figurational/process-sociological perspective of Norbert Elias for understanding gender, sport and sport-related activities. The main aim of the article is to respond to Colwell's claim that there are differences between feminist and figurational approaches to…

  3. Trochlear Nerve Palsy Associated with Claude Bernard-Horner Syndrome after Brainstem Stroke

    PubMed Central

    Bazan, Rodrigo; Braga, Gabriel Pereira; Gomes, Daniela Laranja; Yamashita, Seizo; Betting, Luiz Eduardo; Resende, Luiz Antonio de Lima

    2011-01-01

    The association of unilateral trochlear nerve palsy with Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome represents a rare clinical condition. We present the case of a patient with this unusual presentation. The investigation performed implicated cerebrovascular disease as the underlying cause of the condition in this patient. PMID:22114581

  4. Children's Invented Notations and Verbal Responses to a Piano Work by Claude Debussy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkoshi, Rivka

    2015-01-01

    This study considers the way children listen to classical music composed for them and the effect of age on their spontaneous invented notations and verbal responses. The musical selection is a piano piece for children by Claude Debussy:"'Jimbo's Lullaby" from "Children's Corner". Two hundred and nine children 4-9.5-years-old…

  5. [Two 150 years anniversaries: Claude Bernard's internal environment and Addison disease].

    PubMed

    Schreiber, V

    2005-01-01

    In 2005 two 150 years anniversaries, which essentially influenced the development of modern medicine will be celebrated. French physiologist Claude Bernard from College de France published his work "Lectures on Experimental Physiology, applied to medicine" and British medical doctor T. Addison described insufficiency of adrenal cortex, today known as Addison disease.

  6. In Memoriam: Claude Klee, M.D. | Center for Cancer Research

    Cancer.gov

    Claude Klee, M.D., a true giant among the many great biochemists at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), died on Monday, April 3, after suffering a heart attack. She was 85 years old.  Learn more...     

  7. Children's Invented Notations and Verbal Responses to a Piano Work by Claude Debussy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkoshi, Rivka

    2015-01-01

    This study considers the way children listen to classical music composed for them and the effect of age on their spontaneous invented notations and verbal responses. The musical selection is a piano piece for children by Claude Debussy:"'Jimbo's Lullaby" from "Children's Corner". Two hundred and nine children 4-9.5-years-old…

  8. Interdisciplinarity in Norbert Wiener, a mathematician-philosopher of our time.

    PubMed

    Montagnini, Leone

    2017-10-01

    The paper focuses on interdisciplinarity in Norbert Wiener looking at his scientific work from a unitary point of view. It begins with a bird's-eye view of the history of the term "interdisciplinarity", pointing out how the word was the result of a movement of ideas that took place in US science along the whole Twentieth century. This way, the Wiener's conceptions and practices concerning interdisciplinarity are compared with their historical context, showing analogies and peculiarities. For Wiener, interdisciplinary research by very small groups whose members have a very broad interdisciplinary basis is an essential prerequisite for new fundamental ideas for invention and discoveries. On the contrary, in his opinion, mass attacks by large well financed interdisciplinary research groups with a big number of overspecialized member is useful only in a second phase in which invention and discoveries need to be implemented by designers and developers. Finally, through a conceptual matching between Wiener's ideas and the ones of José Ortega y Gasset, it appears how the Wienerian small interdisciplinary group would fit better with the Kuhnian revolutionary phase in science, while the big interdisciplinary group would fit better to the Kuhnian normal science. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. [The driving force in the thinking of Norbert Elias. An attempt at psychoanalytic interpretation].

    PubMed

    Schröter, M

    1993-07-01

    The theory of civilization proposed by the eminent sociologist Norbert Elias, who died in 1990, has its roots in Freud's theory of culture. Elias always denied the importance of personal factors in connection with his work, but as has been demonstrated in connection with artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and indeed Freud himself, this does not make it any the less legitimate to go in search of those infantile/unconscious motifs and affective sources powering Elias' prodigious scholarly creativity and informing his work, in however sublimated a form. Proceeding from the observation that successful scholarly or artistic production represents a synthesis of the forces of id, ego and super-ego, i.e. of affect, knowledge and conscience, the author demonstrates that concerns of central moment to Elias' thinking--commitment and non-involvement, establishment and outsider, the restraining of aggression in the civilizational process, interdependence of individuals--are partly the product of early experiences which Elias was able to turn to fruitful account in his work.

  10. Norbert Elias's motion pictures: history, cinema and gestures in the process of civilization.

    PubMed

    Algazi, Gadi

    2008-09-01

    Norbert Elias's project in The process of civilization (1939) involved reconstructing invisible movement--both the slow tempoof long-term historical change and the modification of psychic structures and embodied dispositions. To do this, he resorted to uncommon devices: treating historical texts as constituting a series amenable to a rudimentary discourse analysis, he constructed an imagined 'curve of civilization' serving as an approximation of the hidden process of change. Elias's curve was not supposed to represent single past states, but movement itself, its direction and pace. This novel concept of historical representation was related to the perception of cinema as a new medium making actual movement visible. But beyond making it possible to imagine how one could telescope long-term historical process, cinema also held the promise of serving as a microscope, making the minute movements of the human body, gestures and manners available for close inspection. While anthropologists were devising ways of using the new medium to document fleeting gestures and bodily postures, it was used by popular audiences as a source for remodelling behaviour and acquiring polite manners and body techniques, as noticed by such acute observers as Marcel Mauss and Joseph Roth. Hence, popular appropriation of the cinema gave rise to a heightened awareness of the historicity of gestures and the changing modalities of their transmission. Cinema was itself part of the accelerated motion of history, of a perceived change of pace in the process of civilization, which in its turn shed light on its historical antecedents and played an essential role in rethinking the notion of civilization and culture.

  11. Astronaut Claude Nicollier on flight deck at controls of the RMS

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-09

    STS061-23-037 (2-13 Dec 1993) --- ESA astronaut Claude Nicollier, mission specialist, is stationed on the Space Shuttle Endeavour's flight deck during one of the five Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing space walks. The controls for the Remote Manipulator System (RMS), which played an important role in the space walks, are left of frame center. Two space walkers can be seen through the aft windows.

  12. Plant anesthesia supports similarities between animals and plants: Claude Bernard's forgotten studies.

    PubMed

    Grémiaux, Alexandre; Yokawa, Ken; Mancuso, Stefano; Baluška, František

    2014-01-01

    The French scientist Claude Bernard (1813-1878) is famous for his discoveries in physiology and for introducing rigorous experimental methods to medicine and biology. One of his major technical innovations was the use of chemicals in order to disrupt normal physiological function to test hypotheses. But less known is his conviction that the physiological functions of all living organisms rely on the same underlying principles. He hypothesized that similarly to animals, plants are also able to sense changes in their environment. He called this ability "sensitivity." In order to test his ideas, he performed anesthesia on plants and the results of these experiments were presented in 1878 in "Leçonssur les phénomènes de la vie communs aux animaux et aux végétaux." The phenomena described by Claude Bernard more than a century ago are not fully understood yet. Here, we present a short overview of anesthetic effects in animals and we discuss how anesthesia affects plant movements, seed germination, and photosynthesis. Surprisingly, these phenomena may have ecological relevance, since stressed plants generate anesthetics such as ethylene and ether. Finally, we discuss Claude Bernard's interpretations and conclusions in the perspective of modern plant sciences.

  13. Claude Bernard, the first systems biologist, and the future of physiology.

    PubMed

    Noble, Denis

    2008-01-01

    The first systems analysis of the functioning of an organism was Claude Bernard's concept of the constancy of the internal environment (le milieu intérieur), since it implied the existence of control processes to achieve this. He can be regarded, therefore, as the first systems biologist. The new vogue for systems biology today is an important development, since it is time to complement reductionist molecular biology by integrative approaches. Claude Bernard foresaw that this would require the application of mathematics to biology. This aspect of Claude Bernard's work has been neglected by physiologists, which is why we are not as ready to contribute to the development of systems biology as we should be. In this paper, I outline some general principles that could form the basis of systems biology as a truly multilevel approach from a physiologist's standpoint. We need the insights obtained from higher-level analysis in order to succeed even at the lower levels. The reason is that higher levels in biological systems impose boundary conditions on the lower levels. Without understanding those conditions and their effects, we will be seriously restricted in understanding the logic of living systems. The principles outlined are illustrated with examples from various aspects of physiology and biochemistry. Applying and developing these principles should form a major part of the future of physiology.

  14. Norbert Elias, maritime supremacy and the naval profession: on Elias' unpublished studies in the genesis of the naval profession.

    PubMed

    Moelker, René

    2003-09-01

    In 1950 Norbert Elias published the first of three studies on 'The Genesis of the Naval Profession' in the British Journal of Sociology. At the time Elias was not the established scholar that he was to become in later days. In the 1950s his work on the 'Naval Profession' was not well received by the audience, even though all the major themes of the 'civilizing process' were interwoven in the article. The other two studies were never published in English journals (only one was published in a Dutch journal but received no international attention). A perusal of the Norbert Elias Archive in Marbach am Neckar in Germany--shows that the 'Naval Profession' project is larger than the intended three part series of articles for the BJS. From an outline to the project found in the archive it can be concluded that Elias intended to write a book with six to seven chapters. The key to the studies is a sketchy theory of institutions, which states that conflict promotes institutional development. Through the conflict between two occupational groups, sailors and soldiers, the naval officer becomes institutionalized as a new profession. During the period this process takes place England acquires maritime supremacy, secures the passages to the colonies and becomes an empire.

  15. [Claude Bernard-Horner's syndrome due to malignant pleural mesothelioma (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Baris, Y I

    1980-01-01

    Seven cases of Claude Bernard-Horner's syndrome due to malignant pleural mesothelioma are described. All the patients were middle aged farmers and lived in the rural part of Central Anatolia. Two of them lived in Karain and had been exposed to inhale erionite type zeolite fibres. Hence the other five subjects lived in asbestos deposit areas. Pleural effusion, pleural thickening and nodular pleural lesions were the radiological findings. Rib erosion was found in one case. All the patients had tissue diagnosis by pleural punch biopsy, thoracoscopy or thoracotomy.

  16. Electronic Still Camera image of Astronaut Claude Nicollier working with RMS

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-05

    S61-E-006 (5 Dec 1993) --- The robot arm controlling work of Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier was photographed with an Electronic Still Camera (ESC), and down linked to ground controllers soon afterward. With the mission specialist's assistance, Endeavour's crew captured the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) on December 4, 1993. Four of the seven crew members will work in alternating pairs outside Endeavour's shirt sleeve environment to service the giant telescope. Electronic still photography is a relatively new technology which provides the means for a handheld camera to electronically capture and digitize an image with resolution approaching film quality. The electronic still camera has flown as an experiment on several other shuttle missions.

  17. Composite turbine blade design options for Claude (open) cycle OTEC power systems

    SciTech Connect

    Penney, T R

    1985-11-01

    Small-scale turbine rotors made from composites offer several technical advantages for a Claude (open) cycle ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) power system. Westinghouse Electric Corporation has designed a composite turbine rotor/disk using state-of-the-art analysis methods for large-scale (100-MW/sub e/) open cycle OTEC applications. Near-term demonstrations using conventional low-pressure turbine blade shapes with composite material would achieve feasibility and modern credibility of the open cycle OTEC power system. Application of composite blades for low-pressure turbo-machinery potentially improves the reliability of conventional metal blades affected by stress corrosion.

  18. Podcasting at the University of Virginia Claude Moore Health Sciences Library.

    PubMed

    Ragon, Bart; Looney, Ryan P

    2007-01-01

    The Claude Moore Health Sciences Library co-sponsors a History of the Health Sciences Lecture Series in the fall and spring of each year. Each lecture is produced and recorded for the benefit of the University of Virginia Heath System and members of the surrounding community. In the fall of 2005, the Library decided to begin podcasting the lectures via the Internet. This article describes the investigation process for creating access to the content via podcast, Webcast, and direct download. The article also addresses how the Library is teaching podcasting in its annual Multimedia Bootcamp and exploring additional uses for podcasting. doi:10.1300/J115v26n01_02.

  19. From bench to bedside: Claude Bernard, Henry K. Beecher, MD, and science in anesthesia.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Matthew L

    2013-04-01

    Success with the medical management of pain grew tremendously after William Thomas Green Morton's successful demonstration of surgical anesthesia in 1846: Henry K. Beecher's clinical and experimental contributions to anesthesia during and after World War II had a profound impact on how clinicians and experimentalists study human populations in medicine. Beecher found that pain research required human subjects because pain was different for each individual. Nearly 100 years before Beecher, Claude Bernard similarly considered the complexity and uniqueness of human research subjects. Bernard and Beecher both preferred animal subjects in research when appropriate, but suggested that studies involving some mental, bodily, and cognitive processes required human subjects. Although Beecher and Bernard's lives did not overlap, these two men similarly confronted the issues of complexity in human and animal research, particularly in those phenomena involving higher cognitive functions.

  20. Ilya Neustadt, Norbert Elias, and the Leicester Department: personal correspondence and the history of sociology in Britain.

    PubMed

    Goodwin, John; Hughes, Jason

    2011-12-01

    The central aims of this paper are: (1) to explore the utility of using personal correspondence as a source of data for sociological investigations into the history of sociology in the UK; (2) in relation to this undertaking, to advance the beginnings of a figurational analysis of epistolary forms; and (3), to provide an empirically-grounded discussion of the historical significance of the Department of Sociology at the University of Leicester (a University largely ignored in 'standard histories' of the subject) at a formative phase in the development of the discipline within the UK. The correspondence drawn upon in the paper is between Norbert Elias and Ilya Neustadt between 1962 and 1964 when Elias was Professor of Sociology at the University of Ghana and Ilya Neustadt was Professor of Sociology and Head of the Sociology Department at the University of Leicester. From an analysis of this correspondence, we elucidate an emergent dynamic to the relationship between Neustadt and Elias, one which, we argue, undergirds the development of sociology at Leicester and the distinctive character of the intellectual climate that prevailed there during the 1960s. The paper concludes with a consideration of whether it was a collapse of this dynamic that led to a total breakdown in the relationship between Neustadt and Elias, and by extension, an important phase in the expansion of sociology at Leicester. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2011.

  1. [Claude Bernard, the experimental method, and the Société de Biologie].

    PubMed

    Bange, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Claude Bernard was one of the founder of the Société de Biologie created in 1849. He actively took part to it from its very beginning by presenting various communications and several important memoirs. Epistemological thoughts found in these memoirs lead to the methodological chapters introducing the volumes of his edited lessons given at the Collège de France. In 1865, these texts formed the basis to his Introduction à l'étude de la Médecine expérimentale, in which Bernard claims the experimental method should rely on the principle of determinism of the phenomena of Life. He was a dutiful President of the Société from 1867 until his death. He nevertheless was not often involved in debates, but agreed on the defense of the scientific principles he had claimed. He remained influential until his death, as noted in 1899 by the report Engène Gley wrote on the Société de Biologie during its fifty first years. Gley points regularly to Bernard's axioms which remained the true scientific credo of French biologists.

  2. The information revolution is yet to come (an homage to Claude E. Shannon)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solana-Ortega, Alberto

    2002-05-01

    The life and works of Claude Shannon are reviewed from a perspective broader than usual. In particular it is explored the idea that, in the long term, Shannon's major significance will not be due to the aspects most commonly praised, but to the fact that he was a pioneer on the way to a new conception of Science. The paper focuses on his mathematical theory of communication and the criticisms it has received from different fields. From the new framework of analysis its greatest contribution becomes the introduction of information-theoretic entropy as a concept belonging to probability theory. It is discussed the inadequacy of referring to Shannon's theory as "the theory of transmission of information" or as "information theory," as it is customary. It is proposed instead that the term "information theory" be reserved for a theory of knowledge. More specifically, the true information revolution is identified as the formulation of Science as a probabilistic logical inference theory founded on semantics, using plausible logic languages with observations.

  3. Dual-Aircraft Investigation of the Inner Core of Hurricane Norbert. Part II: Mesoscale Distribution of Ice Particles.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Houze, Robert A., Jr.; Marks, Frank D., Jr.; Black, Robert A.

    1992-06-01

    Horizontal fields of cloud microphysical parameters, vertical air motion, and horizontal wind at the 6-km level in Hurricane Norbert (1984) were obtained by mapping and interpolating data collected on board a WP-3D aircraft along numerous flight tracks executed within the central region of the storm. Although the storm was characterized by a strong vortex of winds reaching peak values > 50 m s1 all around the storm, the precipitation was concentrated on the southwest side of the storm. A sloping eyewall was located within 20 to 30 km of the eye. Stratiform precipitation dominated the region outside the eyewall. A 25-km-wide band of maximum stratiform precipitation was centered 60-70 km southwest of the storm center.The ice particles at flight level tended to be relatively large both in the eyewall and in the outer band of stratiform precipitation. Particles were smaller and more numerous (100-300 L1) in the zone between the eyewall and outer stratiform band. These particles occurred on the outside edges of the eyewall convective updrafts, indicating that they may have been produced by splintering in association with graupel formation in the updrafts. The large particles in the eyewall tended to be graupel. In the outer stratiform region, characterized by weak, average vertical air motion and an absence of strong convective drafts, the predominant particle type was aggregates.The region of large graupel particles in the eyewall coincided with the radius of maximum tangential wind and was apparently produced by the azimuthal advection of the graupel particles. Since graupel particles fall rapidly, they were not susceptible to advection out of the eyewall region by the weaker radial wind component. On the other hand, some of the more slowly falling, less dense aggregates produced in the eyewall region were evidently advected radially as well as azimuthally, thus accounting for the location of the outer region of maximum stratiform precipitation intensity.

  4. Claude Bernard and an introduction to the study of experimental medicine: "physical vitalism," dialectic, and epistemology.

    PubMed

    Normandin, Sebastian

    2007-10-01

    This article explores the profound impact of the thought of Claude Bernard (1813-78) and his philosophy of experimentalism elaborated in his masterwork An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. I argue that Bernard's far-ranging theoretical impact on medicine and biology marks the end of conventional vitalism and the elusive notion of a "vital force" as a legitimate scientific concept. His understanding of medicine is as epistemologically significant in its time as Newton's contribution was to the physical sciences in the seventeenth century. This essay treats Bernard's philosophical ambitions seriously, exploring his important, even central, role in the mental world of nineteenth-century France. This includes his influence on Henri Bergson (1859-1941) and other late-nineteenth century thinkers. The subtext of Bernard's experimental epistemology is also contrasted with a key idealist philosopher of the period, the German Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), and placed in the context of the larger European philosophical sphere. In contrast to much of mid-nineteenth-century philosophy, Bernard, in creating the framework for experimental medicine, argued for an experimental approach in which a priori assumptions were to be strictly constrained. Bernard's thoughts on the nature of experiment put an end to "systems" in medicine, ironically by replacing all previous medical philosophies with the all-embracing "system" of experiment. And yet, while "vital forces" fade after Bernard, a form of vitalism still flourishes. Even in Bernard's own work, in the struggle with concepts like determinism, complexity, and causality, there is a realization of the unique character of living function in a kind of "physical vitalism."

  5. The Scriptural Cantatas "Esther" and "Jacob, et Rachel" of Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de La Guerre: Historical Context and Performance Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckley, Elizabeth M.

    2009-01-01

    This project explores two sacred cantatas of Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de La Guerre, "Esther" and "Jacob, et Rachel". The cultural milieu in which the sacred cantatas of Jacquet de La Guerre were written and performed will be discussed, as well as possible venues for their original performances, including the Parisian salon, and…

  6. [The chief surgeon Claude Louis Sommé (1772-1855) French military physician, surgeon of Antwerp hospital].

    PubMed

    Tricot, Jean-pierre

    2015-01-01

    Claude Louis Sommé was born in Paris in 1772. After surgical studies between 1790 and 1792, he successfully embraced a military career in the armies of Napoleon at different fronts and in several hospitals. In 1806 he submitted his doctoral thesis at the Special Medical School of Strasburg, Dissertation upon Pain. The same year he presented his dismissal from he imperial armies and became chief-surgeon at the St Elisabeth hospital of Antwerp where he stayed on duty until his death in 1855. Sommé wrote a lot of medical books: surgical, anatomical and physiological. After the battle of Waterloo one third of the injured soldiers were transferred to Antwerp and were attended in his department. He also played an important role as a professor at the Primary Medical School of Antwerp. Sommé also created the botanical garden of Antwerp, close to the hospital.

  7. Numerical studies on sizing/ rating of plate fin heat exchangers for a modified Claude cycle based helium liquefier/ refrigerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goyal, M.; Chakravarty, A.; Atrey, M. D.

    2017-02-01

    Performance of modern helium refrigeration/ liquefaction systems depends significantly on the effectiveness of heat exchangers. Generally, compact plate fin heat exchangers (PFHE) having very high effectiveness (>0.95) are used in such systems. Apart from basic fluid film resistances, various secondary parameters influence the sizing/ rating of these heat exchangers. In the present paper, sizing calculations are performed, using in-house developed numerical models/ codes, for a set of high effectiveness PFHE for a modified Claude cycle based helium liquefier/ refrigerator operating in the refrigeration mode without liquid nitrogen (LN2) pre-cooling. The combined effects of secondary parameters like axial heat conduction through the heat exchanger metal matrix, parasitic heat in-leak from surroundings and variation in the fluid/ metal properties are taken care of in the sizing calculation. Numerical studies are carried out to predict the off-design performance of the PFHEs in the refrigeration mode with LN2 pre-cooling. Iterative process cycle calculations are also carried out to obtain the inlet/ exit state points of the heat exchangers.

  8. [A brief history of the baroreceptor reflex: from Claude Bernard to Arthur C. Guyton. Illustrated with some classical experiments].

    PubMed

    Estañol, Bruno; Porras-Betancourt, Manuel; Padilla-Leyva, Miguel Ángel; Sentíes-Madrid, Horacio

    2011-01-01

    The baroreceptor reflex is poorly known by most physicians even though is fundamental in stabilizing the blood pressure on a beat to beat basis and is crucial for survival. Its fascinating history is briefly reviewed in this article. In 1852 Claude Bernard discovered that the sympathetic nerves of the neck innervate the blood vessels of the skin of the rabbit. Edgar Douglas Adrian in 1932 demonstrated that the sympathetic nerves that innervate the blood vessels discharge spontaneously at a rate of 4-6 per second and thus discovered the physiological basis of the vasomotor tone. In the XIX century Ludwig Traube and Karl Constantine Ewald Hering discovered that blood pressure fluctuates synchronously with respiratory movements and Sigmund Mayer observed that there are also slow non respiratory fluctuations of blood pressure. In 1921 Heinrich Ewald Hering found that high pressure baroreceptors are located in the carotid sinuses and demonstrated that the stimulation of the afferent nerve that innervates it induces bradycardia and hypotension. These studies were further advanced by Corneille Heymans who won the Nobel Prize for these studies in 1938. Later Cowley and Guyton produced sino-aortic denervation in dogs and thereby could demonstrate the fundamental importance of the baroreceptor reflex in the stabilization of blood pressure.

  9. [Social institutions and tempering of affects as "contraints" of social change. Norbert Elias' theory on the civilization theory in light of the biologic system theory of evolution].

    PubMed

    Weinich, Detlef

    2005-01-01

    This study is to be regarded as a contribution to interdisciplinary research and represents an attempt to clarify the question of whether and to what extent concepts that have been developed in the field of theoretical biology and which have a high degree of importance here can also be applied to sociological phenomena. In particular it is intended to examine the question of whether the civilizing process can be adequately treated using the evolutionary concept of "Constraints". This term, which has only recently been introduced into the discussion by PERE ALBERCH as an evolutionary factor, comprises all of the internal factors which influence the further course of the evolution of a system by ruling out certain possibilities, thus showing a limiting effect. Although "Constraints" go beyond the scope of Darwinian teachings about selection by the environment, they are increasingly accepted today as evolution factors by well-known exponents of Darwinian theory (cf. MAYNARD-SMITH 1985). The increase in popularity of "constraints" is also an expression of the rediscovery of a phenomenon which was originally expressed by RUPERT RIEDL and was introduced by him into German literature in the seventies. In the clarification of this question, special reference is made to the "theory of the civilizing process" by NORBERT ELIAS, since here a highly respected scholar has presented an important sociological theory. Moreover, there is such good scientific access to ELIAS because this author exemplifies his theses in historical terms and thus to a certain extent makes his explanations verifiable in scientific terms. In the treatment of this topic, the central terms and theses of ELIAS will be presented from the considerable scope of his work, and then illustrated with the help of several selected historical case studies. Furthermore, reference will be made at the relevant points to parallels and analogies which the works of ELIAS have to other, predominantly system

  10. [Comment on “Plate tectonics: Scientific revolution or scientific program?” by Jean-Claude Mareschal] Development of plate tectonics theory: The missing piece

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doe, Bruce R.

    The recent article by Jean-Claude Mareschal (“Plate Tectonics: Scientific Revolution or Scientific Program?” in Eos, May 19, 1987, p. 529) adds to the interesting literature on the evolution of the theory of plate tectonics. It is curious that an aspect of the general theory that seems to be little considered and mentioned by Mareschal or others who write about the history of development of the theory, but that was vitally important in my own acceptance of the theory, was the discovery of subduction and, to a lesser extent, abduction.

  11. [Claude Bernard and the Comptes Rendus de la Société de Biologie: the movie of the physiological revolution by him who made it (1849-1878)].

    PubMed

    Hainaut, Jean

    2009-01-01

    Claude Bernard presented most of his fundamental results to the Société de Biologie, including proof of the modulation of the nervous system by the internal micromilieu. However, he did not describe the principle of a stable internal milieu as a condition for free life. Physiology, which is a part of biology, was not founded on cellular biology. Rather, Claude Bernard considered chemistry, anatomy and histology as the necessary auxiliary sciences for physiology. His articles are direct pictures, and not isolated ones, despite possible limitations, from a pre-montage movie of the physiological revolution he thought he had initiated, but not finished.

  12. Faculty Handbook. St. Norbert College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint Norbert Coll., West DePere, WI.

    The faculty constitution is presented in this 1971 revision of the faculty handbook. Separate sections are included on bylaws, faculty policy, academic regulations, and procedures and information. The handbook is indexed and covers such topics as: academic freedom; affirmative action policy; governing boards; administrative duties, class…

  13. Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture. Becoming a truly helpful teacher: considerably more challenging, and potentially more fun, than merely doing business as usual.

    PubMed

    Jason, Hilliard

    2007-12-01

    Few medical faculty members are adequately prepared for their instructional responsibilities. Our educational traditions were established before we had research-based understandings of the teaching-learning process and before brain research began informing our understandings of how humans achieve lasting learning. Yet, there are several advantages you may have. If your expertise is at one of the frontiers of human biology, your teaching can be inherently fascinating to aspiring health professionals. If your work has implications for human health, you have another potential basis for engaging future clinicians. And, thanks to Claude Bernard's influence, you likely are "process oriented," a necessary mindset for being an effective teacher. There are also challenges you may face. Your medical students will mostly become clinicians. Unless you can help them see connections between your offerings and their future work, you may not capture and sustain their interest. To be effective, teachers, like clinicians, need to be interactive, make on-the-spot decisions, and be "emotional literate." If you aren't comfortable with these demands, you may have work to do toward becoming a truly helpful teacher. Program changes may be needed. Might your program need to change 1) from being adversarial and controlling to being supportive and trust based or 2) from mainly dispensing information to mainly asking and inviting questions? In conclusion, making changes toward becoming a truly helpful teacher can bring benefits to your students while increasing your sense of satisfaction and fulfillment as a teacher. If you choose to change, be gentle with yourself, as you should be when expecting your students to make important changes.

  14. ["The Art of Nursing" by Florence Nightingale, published by Claud Morris Books Limited and printed in 1946, which is considered a draft of "Notes on Nursing"].

    PubMed

    Hirao, M

    2000-06-01

    There are three versions of "Notes of Nursing," that is Nightingale's most famous work. Recently a book that is considered a draft of Nightingale's "Notes on Nursing," was published by Claud Morris Books Limited in 1946. This book is not contained in the "Bio-Bibliography of Florence Nightingale" by Bishop and Goldie. The publisher says about the source that this book is an entirely new and revised edition of Miss Florence Nightingale's personal notes on nursing, first written in 1859. The publisher acknowledges with gratitude the cooperation of Miss P.E. Nutt, in making available correspondence of Florence Nightingale and of Colonel C.H. Paynter in preparing a copy of the first edition of Miss Nightingale's "Notes on Nursing". This book is composed of the preface and 14 chapters. The preface's title is "Every woman is a nurse", and there is Nightingale's autograph with the date 1859 at the end of the preface. There are some differences between "The Art of Nursing" and "Notes on Nursing". In the former, there is a title to the preface and the first chapter's title is "Don't leave it to the doctor" and the last chapter's title is "Testament for a good nurse". In the latter, there is no title to the preface and the content of the former's first chapter is put only as a prologue before the first chapter. The former's last chapter's title is changed to "Conclusion". Further, each chapter has been somewhat expanded. From the above, we can see that, at what may be considered the draft stage of "Notes on Nursing", Nightingale wanted to emphasize the following things: "Every woman is a nurse", "Don't leave it to the doctor,; and "Testament for a good nurse". However, we can see that, at the stage of publishing of "Notes of Nursing", Nightingale had second thoughts. She complied with advice she received to avoid dissension among the knowlegeable and antipathy from doctors, and she settled on plain expression to make the contents clear to all.

  15. Norbert Elias and the civilized prison.

    PubMed

    Pratt, J

    1999-06-01

    This paper employs an Eliasian perspective to provide an historical overview to the contemporary crisis in British prisons. It argues that some of the roots of this crisis lie within the very attempts to bring prison development in line with the cultural values of modern society.

  16. Essays in Honor of Claude M. Wise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bronstein, Arthur J., Ed.; And Others

    The essays in this collection cover a wide variety of topics related to linguistics and speech. Many essays cover topics concerned with phonology: phonological units, developmental phonology, phonetic reality, rhythmic prose, sound syntax, and meaning, interconsonantal differences, and Japanese and English consonant phonemes. Other topics in the…

  17. The Sonnet Tradition and Claude McKay

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denize, Donna E. M.; Newlin, Louisa

    2009-01-01

    This year marks the 400th anniversary of the publication of the first edition of Shakespeare's 154 sonnets--an excellent moment to focus on them, as well as on those written by others before and after 1609. Because these authors share an enthusiasm for poetry in general and the sonnet in particular, they want to encourage teachers to include…

  18. The Sonnet Tradition and Claude McKay

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denize, Donna E. M.; Newlin, Louisa

    2009-01-01

    This year marks the 400th anniversary of the publication of the first edition of Shakespeare's 154 sonnets--an excellent moment to focus on them, as well as on those written by others before and after 1609. Because these authors share an enthusiasm for poetry in general and the sonnet in particular, they want to encourage teachers to include…

  19. From Claude Bernard to the Batcave and Beyond: Using Batman as a Hook for Physiology Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, E. Paul

    2011-01-01

    Communicating physiology to the general public and popularizing science can be tremendously rewarding activities. Providing relevant and compelling points of linkage, however, between the scientific experiences and the interests of the general public can be challenging. One avenue for popularizing science is to link scientific concepts to images,…

  20. The 2014 Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture: the social contract of learning.

    PubMed

    Carroll, Robert G

    2015-03-01

    The shift to competency-based education expands the role of the teacher from that of a provider of information and into a shaper of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. These roles are facilitated by establishing a social contract between the instructor and learner, a contract that clearly defines the rights and duties of each. Adopting greater responsibility for the development of competencies in our learners allows faculty members to truly have an impact by shaping the behaviors of learners. Copyright © 2015 The American Physiological Society.

  1. Thematic Trends in Claude McKay's Selected Poems of "the Harlem Era"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adewumi, Samuel Idowu; Kayode, Moses Bolawale

    2014-01-01

    Black American Literature is a microcosm of the history of the black people's presence on the American continent as it is known today. The literature of the Black Americans cannot be fully separated from the experience of Slavery and Racism which characterized their lives as a community of people whose social, economic and political privileges are…

  2. From Claude Bernard to the Batcave and beyond: using Batman as a hook for physiology education.

    PubMed

    Zehr, E Paul

    2011-03-01

    Communicating physiology to the general public and popularizing science can be tremendously rewarding activities. Providing relevant and compelling points of linkage, however, between the scientific experiences and the interests of the general public can be challenging. One avenue for popularizing science is to link scientific concepts to images, personalities, and icons in popular culture. Currently, comic book superhero movies and television shows are extremely popular, and Batman was used as the vehicle for popularizing concepts of exercise science, neuroscience, and physiology in my recent book, Becoming Batman: the Possibility of a Superhero. The objective of this book was to bring scientific understanding to the broader public by using the physical image and impression everyone has of Batman and his abilities and then connecting this to the underlying science. The objective of this article is to share some of the details of the process and the positive and negative outcomes of using such an approach with other academics who may be interested in similar activities. It is my goal that by sharing this experience I may stimulate like-minded readers to initiate their own similar projects and to also be emboldened to try and integrate popular culture touchstones in their own teaching practice.

  3. From Claude Bernard to the Batcave and Beyond: Using Batman as a Hook for Physiology Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, E. Paul

    2011-01-01

    Communicating physiology to the general public and popularizing science can be tremendously rewarding activities. Providing relevant and compelling points of linkage, however, between the scientific experiences and the interests of the general public can be challenging. One avenue for popularizing science is to link scientific concepts to images,…

  4. The 2014 Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture: The Social Contract of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Robert G.

    2015-01-01

    The shift to competency-based education expands the role of the teacher from that of a provider of information and into a shaper of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. These roles are facilitated by establishing a social contract between the instructor and learner, a contract that clearly defines the rights and duties of each. Adopting greater…

  5. The 2014 Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture: The Social Contract of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Robert G.

    2015-01-01

    The shift to competency-based education expands the role of the teacher from that of a provider of information and into a shaper of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. These roles are facilitated by establishing a social contract between the instructor and learner, a contract that clearly defines the rights and duties of each. Adopting greater…

  6. Alpha List of Prime Contract Awards. Oct 92-Sep 93. FY93. (Claude Ralph - Day Francis O Co. Inc.)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-03-01

    NN (r- (Y) cl 4 (In w P1 < IfIL)f in0. II4 V 010cv 04dcC 04 0010101 000 000 04< 04 0(01 001D x if 010.-V 1 LLa. . 0 0 xZZ U.L- ZZ 0 0 z Z: CIL1 I 1 0...IUI 64 lOO0N 11W 6-Z1 1, UON O O40. l𔃺 WOO j M00 00 I.- ZH 4J I caO0N i i P1 . 9 WJ 0 W cr Z .OOOOOOOOO >O Z00 0 00 4 0i 0 11cIIClOON 11W U 0 ’ ~0U0...to10 1 00 -4(’ CV 11 4) (𔃻 U4 N L M 010010 101010 f ( u)LnL II I1~ N M-cy It IN ON N) 01010 P.M. 4fý(.r ýrý() WW S11-N11 1 0 10 p1 (4 10i CO 10C

  7. Obesity and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Pathways for Programming in Mouse, Monkey, and Man—Where Do We Go Next? The 2014 Norbert Freinkel Award Lecture

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus continue to increase worldwide and span the spectrum of age, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Alarmingly, 1 in 10 infants and toddlers is obese, and 1 in 5 youths is both obese and at risk for metabolic syndrome prior to puberty. The mechanisms underlying how poor maternal health imparts risk for future metabolic disease in the offspring are beginning to emerge in deeply phenotyped human and nonhuman primate models. Maternal diet and obesity impact fuels, hormones, and inflammation with powerful effects on fetal metabolic systems. These are accompanied by persistent changes in the infant microbiome and epigenome and in offspring behavior. These results suggest that gestational and lactational dietary exposures are driving health risks in the next generation. Whether maternal diet can prevent changes in the womb to alter infant life-course disease risk is still unknown. Controlled, mechanistic studies to identify interventions are sorely needed for a healthier next generation. PMID:26207051

  8. Obesity and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Pathways for Programming in Mouse, Monkey, and Man—Where Do We Go Next? The 2014 Norbert Freinkel Award Lecture.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Jacob E

    2015-08-01

    Obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus continue to increase worldwide and span the spectrum of age, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Alarmingly, 1 in 10 infants and toddlers is obese, and 1 in 5 youths is both obese and at risk for metabolic syndrome prior to puberty. The mechanisms underlying how poor maternal health imparts risk for future metabolic disease in the offspring are beginning to emerge in deeply phenotyped human and nonhuman primate models. Maternal diet and obesity impact fuels, hormones, and inflammation with powerful effects on fetal metabolic systems. These are accompanied by persistent changes in the infant microbiome and epigenome and in offspring behavior. These results suggest that gestational and lactational dietary exposures are driving health risks in the next generation. Whether maternal diet can prevent changes in the womb to alter infant life-course disease risk is still unknown. Controlled, mechanistic studies to identify interventions are sorely needed for a healthier next generation. © 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.

  9. Philosophical Basis and Some Historical Aspects of Systems Biology: From Hegel to Noble - Applications for Bioenergetic Research

    PubMed Central

    Saks, Valdur; Monge, Claire; Guzun, Rita

    2009-01-01

    We live in times of paradigmatic changes for the biological sciences. Reductionism, that for the last six decades has been the philosophical basis of biochemistry and molecular biology, is being displaced by Systems Biology, which favors the study of integrated systems. Historically, Systems Biology - defined as the higher level analysis of complex biological systems - was pioneered by Claude Bernard in physiology, Norbert Wiener with the development of cybernetics, and Erwin Schrödinger in his thermodynamic approach to the living. Systems Biology applies methods inspired by cybernetics, network analysis, and non-equilibrium dynamics of open systems. These developments follow very precisely the dialectical principles of development from thesis to antithesis to synthesis discovered by Hegel. Systems Biology opens new perspectives for studies of the integrated processes of energy metabolism in different cells. These integrated systems acquire new, system-level properties due to interaction of cellular components, such as metabolic compartmentation, channeling and functional coupling mechanisms, which are central for regulation of the energy fluxes. State of the art of these studies in the new area of Molecular System Bioenergetics is analyzed. PMID:19399243

  10. Philosophical basis and some historical aspects of systems biology: from Hegel to Noble - applications for bioenergetic research.

    PubMed

    Saks, Valdur; Monge, Claire; Guzun, Rita

    2009-03-01

    We live in times of paradigmatic changes for the biological sciences. Reductionism, that for the last six decades has been the philosophical basis of biochemistry and molecular biology, is being displaced by Systems Biology, which favors the study of integrated systems. Historically, Systems Biology - defined as the higher level analysis of complex biological systems - was pioneered by Claude Bernard in physiology, Norbert Wiener with the development of cybernetics, and Erwin Schrödinger in his thermodynamic approach to the living. Systems Biology applies methods inspired by cybernetics, network analysis, and non-equilibrium dynamics of open systems. These developments follow very precisely the dialectical principles of development from thesis to antithesis to synthesis discovered by Hegel. Systems Biology opens new perspectives for studies of the integrated processes of energy metabolism in different cells. These integrated systems acquire new, system-level properties due to interaction of cellular components, such as metabolic compartmentation, channeling and functional coupling mechanisms, which are central for regulation of the energy fluxes. State of the art of these studies in the new area of Molecular System Bioenergetics is analyzed.

  11. Perception of the A/H1N1 influenza pandemic and acceptance of influenza vaccination by Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 staff: A descriptive study

    PubMed Central

    Amour, Sélilah; Djhehiche, Khaled; Zamora, Adeline; Bergeret, Alain; Vanhems, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    We assessed the perception and attitudes of university staff, including medical school and other science specialties, toward the 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic and influenza vaccination program. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among 4,529 university personnel on October 19–20, 2009. Seven hundred (15%) employees participated in the study. Only 18% were willing to be vaccinated, men more than women (29% versus 9%, P < 0.001), and professors/researchers more than administrative/technical staff (30% vs. 6%, P < 0.001). Intention to be vaccinated was insufficient. Additional efforts are needed to improve information dissemination among university staff. Medical university personnel should receive more information to increase vaccine coverage and protect them as well as patients. PMID:25715115

  12. DoD Prime Contract Awards over $25,000 by Contractor, State and City. FY 1993. (Oct-Feb). Claude Ralph-Hussman Corporation. Part 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-03-01

    m to -.4 L- C O 4 00Ac o 604 to0 00 .cI~ to6 c)In E0( 01-.( 00 >In -C go 0 N1I-C q00t C 0 -01%- NN -4.4 In%4 00 tauC ’ c-00 to Nn -- #a-" -M 600 E- W...l ol( ..40 ,,a. 4 22= .- 4 -4 0 4z W1 00 4) 04 -Nf(-4 C02-4I~( 1- u .4 N D-(OD=c -4 0 fm o o 1 > -4 mm .- C.4 0 o- L- V C3 ’.4 -- 1mc 40ca (0 - loi IL

  13. Perception of the A/H1N1 influenza pandemic and acceptance of influenza vaccination by Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 staff: A descriptive study.

    PubMed

    Amour, Sélilah; Djhehiche, Khaled; Zamora, Adeline; Bergeret, Alain; Vanhems, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    We assessed the perception and attitudes of university staff, including medical school and other science specialties, toward the 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic and influenza vaccination program. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among 4,529 university personnel on October 19-20, 2009. Seven hundred (15%) employees participated in the study. Only 18% were willing to be vaccinated, men more than women (29% versus 9%, P < 0.001), and professors/researchers more than administrative/technical staff (30% vs. 6%, P < 0.001). Intention to be vaccinated was insufficient. Additional efforts are needed to improve information dissemination among university staff. Medical university personnel should receive more information to increase vaccine coverage and protect them as well as patients.

  14. Reply to comment by Claude Michel on "A general power equation for predicting bed load transport rates in gravel bed rivers"

    Treesearch

    Jeffrey J. Barry; John M. Buffington; John G. King

    2005-01-01

    We thank Michel [2005] for the opportunity to improve our bed load transport equation [Barry et al., 2004, equation (6)] and to resolve the dimensional complexity that he identified. However, we do not believe that the alternative bed load transport equation proposed by Michel [2005] provides either the mechanistic insight or predictive power of our transport equation...

  15. Beyond Compassion: Children of Sex Workers in Kolkata's Sonagachi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sircar, Oishik; Dutta, Debolina

    2011-01-01

    In 2005, children of sex workers from Kolkata's Sonagachi red-light district formed their own collective, Amra Padatik ("We are Foot Soldiers"), to work for gaining dignity for their mothers and claiming their own rights as children of sex workers. In this article the authors speak to AP's founder members to demystify the culture of fear…

  16. Beyond Compassion: Children of Sex Workers in Kolkata's Sonagachi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sircar, Oishik; Dutta, Debolina

    2011-01-01

    In 2005, children of sex workers from Kolkata's Sonagachi red-light district formed their own collective, Amra Padatik ("We are Foot Soldiers"), to work for gaining dignity for their mothers and claiming their own rights as children of sex workers. In this article the authors speak to AP's founder members to demystify the culture of fear…

  17. "Requestioning" AIDS: An Ethical Reflection From 1993 to Today. Reflections on Claude Vandevyer's "Homosexuals and AIDS: A New Approach to the Illness" from Journal of Homosexuality 25(3).

    PubMed

    Lau, Travis

    2016-01-01

    This article serves as one of the supplementary pieces of this special issue on "Mapping Queer Bioethics," in which we take a solipsistic turn to "map" the Journal of Homosexuality itself. Here, the author examines the first feature-length article to address the relationship between HIV status and homosexuality. Lingering on both the temporal gap between the dawn of AIDS in American discourse and its inclusion in this journal, the author asks us to consider (in hindsight) such a delay bearing in mind queer theoretical projects of the present such as gay shame, stigma, and queer biopolitics.

  18. Learning to Mock--Challenging the Teaching Establishment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Norman

    2016-01-01

    There have been very few studies that apply the work of Mikhail Bakhtin and Norbert Elias to understand the underlying learning processes of young children. This article will explore the methodological similarities between Bakhtin's ideas about the carnivalesque and Norbert Elias's theory of established-outsider relations to explain how young…

  19. Diffractive Optics: Design, Fabrication, and Applications, Technical Digest Series, Volume 9, 1992

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    Diffractive TuA, DIFFRACTIVE OPTICS FOR LASER SYSTEMS and refractive microlenses are combined to obtain improved Norbert Streibl, University Erlangen...wave linear diode-laser array into a two-dimensional distribution analysis of grating diffraction, Elias N. Glytsis, Thomas K. with symmetric...Diffractive optical elements in optoelectronics, Norbert Streibl, Physikalisches Institut, Germany. Diffractive components such as deflectors, lenses and

  20. Learning to Mock--Challenging the Teaching Establishment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Norman

    2016-01-01

    There have been very few studies that apply the work of Mikhail Bakhtin and Norbert Elias to understand the underlying learning processes of young children. This article will explore the methodological similarities between Bakhtin's ideas about the carnivalesque and Norbert Elias's theory of established-outsider relations to explain how young…

  1. Teaching and learning in the interactive classroom.

    PubMed

    Silverthorn, D U

    2006-12-01

    The Claude Bernard Distinguished Lectureship of the Teaching of Physiology Section is presented annually at the Experimental Biology meeting. The lectureship is named for Prof. Claude Bernard, the experimental physiologist who is credited with introducing the concept of homeostasis. The 2006 Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture was given by Dr. Dee U. Silverthorn from the University of Texas at Austin, TX.

  2. Teaching and Learning in the Interactive Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverthorn, D. U.

    2006-01-01

    The Claude Bernard Distinguished Lectureship of the Teaching of Physiology Section is presented annually at the Experimental Biology meeting. The lectureship is named for Prof. Claude Bernard, the experimental physiologist who is credited with introducing the concept of homeostasis. The 2006 Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture was given by Dr.…

  3. Teaching and Learning in the Interactive Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverthorn, D. U.

    2006-01-01

    The Claude Bernard Distinguished Lectureship of the Teaching of Physiology Section is presented annually at the Experimental Biology meeting. The lectureship is named for Prof. Claude Bernard, the experimental physiologist who is credited with introducing the concept of homeostasis. The 2006 Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture was given by Dr.…

  4. Validation of a fast method for quantification of intra-abdominal and subcutaneous adipose tissue for large-scale human studies.

    PubMed

    Borga, Magnus; Thomas, E Louise; Romu, Thobias; Rosander, Johannes; Fitzpatrick, Julie; Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof; Bell, Jimmy D

    2015-12-01

    Central obesity is the hallmark of a number of non-inheritable disorders. The advent of imaging techniques such as MRI has allowed for a fast and accurate assessment of body fat content and distribution. However, image analysis continues to be one of the major obstacles to the use of MRI in large-scale studies. In this study we assess the validity of the recently proposed fat-muscle quantitation system (AMRA(TM) Profiler) for the quantification of intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT) and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) from abdominal MR images. Abdominal MR images were acquired from 23 volunteers with a broad range of BMIs and analysed using sliceOmatic, the current gold-standard, and the AMRA(TM) Profiler based on a non-rigid image registration of a library of segmented atlases. The results show that there was a highly significant correlation between the fat volumes generated by the two analysis methods, (Pearson correlation r = 0.97, p < 0.001), with the AMRA(TM) Profiler analysis being significantly faster (~3 min) than the conventional sliceOmatic approach (~40 min). There was also excellent agreement between the methods for the quantification of IAAT (AMRA 4.73 ± 1.99 versus sliceOmatic 4.73 ± 1.75 l, p = 0.97). For the AMRA(TM) Profiler analysis, the intra-observer coefficient of variation was 1.6% for IAAT and 1.1% for ASAT, the inter-observer coefficient of variation was 1.4% for IAAT and 1.2% for ASAT, the intra-observer correlation was 0.998 for IAAT and 0.999 for ASAT, and the inter-observer correlation was 0.999 for both IAAT and ASAT. These results indicate that precise and accurate measures of body fat content and distribution can be obtained in a fast and reliable form by the AMRA(TM) Profiler, opening up the possibility of large-scale human phenotypic studies.

  5. Efficient simulation of three-dimensional anisotropic cardiac tissue using an adaptive mesh refinement method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cherry, Elizabeth M.; Greenside, Henry S.; Henriquez, Craig S.

    2003-09-01

    A recently developed space-time adaptive mesh refinement algorithm (AMRA) for simulating isotropic one- and two-dimensional excitable media is generalized to simulate three-dimensional anisotropic media. The accuracy and efficiency of the algorithm is investigated for anisotropic and inhomogeneous 2D and 3D domains using the Luo-Rudy 1 (LR1) and FitzHugh-Nagumo models. For a propagating wave in a 3D slab of tissue with LR1 membrane kinetics and rotational anisotropy comparable to that found in the human heart, factors of 50 and 30 are found, respectively, for the speedup and for the savings in memory compared to an algorithm using a uniform space-time mesh at the finest resolution of the AMRA method. For anisotropic 2D and 3D media, we find no reduction in accuracy compared to a uniform space-time mesh. These results suggest that the AMRA will be able to simulate the 3D electrical dynamics of canine ventricles quantitatively for 1 s using 32 1-GHz Alpha processors in approximately 9 h.

  6. A new laboratory instrument for defining near-saturation wetting-drying and capillary conductivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vache, K.; McDonnell, J. J.; Ekanayake, J.; Graham, C.

    2004-12-01

    The moisture release curve is a fundamental descriptor of soil water movement. While tension table apparatus for defining drainage curves in the near-saturated region (0 to -100 cm H2O) have been available for many decades, there has been little advance in automating the process, particularly when measurements of wetting, drying and capillary conductivity are combined. We describe a new instrument, the Automated Moisture Release Apparatus (AMRA), that uses a precision water flow measurement coupled with an accurately controlled variable hydraulic head to exactly define the relationship between matric potential and volumetric water content? from 0 to -100 cm H2O. The new instrument automates the process without any disturbance to the soil core and and has fully programmable suction steps and equilibration times. We compare AMRA moisture release curve results with published Accusand tests for four different grain size mixtures and under different sample height and volume combinations. Our results are consistent with published results and our tests provide guidance on appropriate core lengths for media characterization. AMRA results from field samples from well-characterized soils at the HJ Andrews Experimental Forest in Oregon are also described. These experiments show both consistent drying behavior and drainable porosity decline with depth in the vadose zone. Overall, the instrument's precision, programmable platform, and combined conductivity and moisture content measurement features, make it a useful tool for estimating soil water storage properties/parameters for use in vadose zone hydrology.

  7. Found Space in a Courtyard

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curley, Kenneth

    1974-01-01

    Skyrocketing interest rates and soaring construction costs are taking their toll on college and university building programs. At St. Norbert College in De Pere, Wisconsin, plans are underway to recycle a residence hall for use as a library. (Author)

  8. Death, the Military and Society: Casualties and Civil-Military Relations in Germany

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-01

    has been socially toned down. In this, he is joined by others who - like, inter alia, Norbert Fischer (2001) and the authors in the anthology by Blum...also propelled by processes renowned sociologists like Ulrich Beck, Norbert Elias, Anthony Giddens, and Ronald Inglehart came to call individualization...At around 1:00 p.m. local time on 29 May 2003 German soldiers were driving in two unar- mored Wolf vehicles on patrol in heavy terrain far out from

  9. Robust SERS Enhancement Factor Statistics Using Rotational Correlation Spectroscopy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-02

    15. SUBJECT TERMS See attached. Ted A. Laurence , Gary B. Braun, Norbert O. Reich, Martin Moskovits University of California - Santa Barbara 3227...Cheadle Hall 3rd floor, MC 2050 Santa Barbara, CA 93106 -2050 REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE b. ABSTRACT UU c. THIS PAGE UU 2. REPORT TYPE New Reprint 17...Spectroscopy Ted A. Laurence ,*,†,§ Gary B. Braun,‡,§ Norbert O. Reich,‡ and Martin Moskovits‡ †Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore

  10. Transparent Glass Ceramics Doped by Chromium(III) and Chromium(III) and Neodymium(III) as New Materials for Lasers and Luminescent Solar Concentrators.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-30

    Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Materiaux Luminescents Universite Claude Bernard Lyon-Unite associee au CNRS 69622 - Villeurbanne, France Anne-Marie...Bouderbala, Georges Boulon Laboratoire de Physico-Chemie des Materiaux Luminescents Universite Claude Bernard Lyon - Unite associee au CNRS 69622

  11. A brief description about the fathers of computer and information sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khan, Majid; Shah, Tariq; Shahab, Ali

    2015-03-01

    In this article, we are mainly presenting a tribute to the fathers of computer and information sciences, George Boole and Claude Elwood Shannon with their hardships and achievements. This piece of writing also elaborates the applications of George Boole's and Claude Shannon's works in different disciplines.

  12. Cognitive Modelling and Intelligent Tutoring

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-17

    NW Dr. Gerhard Fischer Washington, DC 20208 University of Colorado Department of Computer Science Dr. Jean Claude Falmagne Boulder, CO 80309... Gagne 1456 Mitchell Avenue Dr. T. Govindaraj Tallahassee, FL 32303 Georgia Institute of Technology School of Industrial & Systems Dr. R. Edward...29208 Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Dr. Claude Janvier Dr. Daniel Kahneman Directeur, CIRADE The University of British Columbia Universite’ du Quebec a

  13. Geodiversity characterization and assessment of the Morainic Amphitheatre of Rivoli -Avigliana (NW-Italy)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giordano, Enrico; Lucchesi, Stefania; Perotti, Luigi; Giardino, Marco

    2014-05-01

    The concept of Geodiversity in its wide sense refers specifically to particular geosystems that are in themselves complex (e.g diverse) assemblages of bedrock, landform, and soil features. Therefore, geodiversity assessment is strictly related to landscape structure, whose studies are in the field of complex Physical Geography. Moreover, Geodiversity studies provide a fundamental base for geoconservation and environmental management in a holistic way. This is particularly true within complex geomorphological environments, where many intrinsic and extrinsic factors are interconnected. Various procedures has been already applied for the creation of geodiversity maps in different geomorphological context, but especially in wide areas with a large geodiversity of landforms. Pleistocene morainic amphitheatres of the Alpine piedmont regions are indeed particular and complex environments: not only for the geological and geomorphological points of view, but also for their relationships with biotic components and human life. The aim of this study is to carry out a geodiversity characterization of the Rivoli-Avigliana Morainic Amphitheatre (AMRA; NW Italy). The AMRA separates the lower Susa Valley from the middle course of the Sangone River; it is a set of low hills and depressions related to glacial pulsations aged between 750,000 and 12,000 years ago. Earth Sciences knowledge of the area has been compared to detailed field geomorphological and territorial data in order to determine qualitative and quantitative landscape parameters and to evaluate their validity for geodiversity assessment. A first qualitative characterization of the AMRA and an estimation of its geodiversity have been performed by means of geomorphological mapping and stratigraphic studies, including geomorphosites assessment for the same area. Then, geodiversity characterization and evaluation have been performed through the definition and application of quantitative parameters (landform energy, slope

  14. Chandra Adds to Story of the Way We Were

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-05-01

    consisting of two pairs of stars, called HD 98800A and HD 98800B. These pairs, each of which is about an Earth-Sun distance apart, orbit each other at about the same distance as Pluto orbits the Sun. "Our X-ray results are fully consistent with other observations that show that accretion of matter from a disk in HD 98800A has dropped to a low level," said Kastner. "So Chandra has thrown new weight behind the evidence that any disk in this system has been greatly diminished or destroyed in ten million years, perhaps by the ongoing formation of planets or by the companion stars." The new X-ray technique for studying disks around stars relies on the ability of Chandra's spectrometers to measure the energies of individual X-rays very precisely. By comparing the number of X-rays emitted by hot gas at specific energies from ions such as oxygen and neon, the temperature and density of particles can be determined. This new technique will help astronomers to distinguish between an accretion disk and a stellar corona as the origin of intense X-ray emission from a young star. Other members of the research team are David Huenemoerder, Norbert Schulz, and Claude Canizares from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and David Weintraub from Vanderbilt University. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., manages the Chandra program, and TRW, Inc., Redondo Beach, Calif., is the prime contractor for the spacecraft. The Smithsonian's Chandra X-ray Center controls science and flight operations from Cambridge, Mass., for the Office of Space Science at NASA Headquarters, Washington. The image and additional information are available at: http://chandra.harvard.edu and http://chandra.nasa.gov

  15. The Art of Modeling Stars in the 21st Century (IAU S252)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, L.; Chan, K. L.

    2008-12-01

    Preface; Organizing committee; Conference participants; Session I. Updates of physical ingredients of stellar models Norbert Langer; Session II. Physical processes in stars Kwing-Lam Chan; Session III. From physics to stars, the progenitors of white dwarfs Vittorio Canuto and Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard; Session IV. From physics to stars, the progenitors of neutron stars and black holes Lee Anne Willson and Martin Asplund; Session V. Physics of stars in close binaries Philipp Podsiadlowski and Licai Deng; Session VI. New tools and future perspective Werner Däppen; Summary Norbert Langer; Author index; Subject index.

  16. [Claudio Bernard and fat emulsion (or the Sleeping Beauty 150 years later)].

    PubMed

    Rodríguez de Romo, A C; Borgstein, J

    2000-01-01

    In 1848, Claude Bernard discovered the lipolytic function of the exocrine pancreas. His experimental procedure was very original and he always said that it was easily reproducible. This paper reproduces the experiments that Bernard made on the digestion of fat. The work is original because the experiments were taken from Bernard's personal manuscripts that are unpublished. The paper also deals with Claude Bernard's personal papers. Our results were like Bernard's: his experiments and conclusions were very truthful as well as his ideas on reproducibility in experimental medicine. The surgical part was not simple, so Claude Bernard probably was very skillful.

  17. Gain Measurement of a Cavity-Backed Spiral Antenna from 4 to 18 GHz Using the Three-Antenna Method

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-11-01

    FROM 4 TO 18GHz USING THE THREE-ANTENNA METHOD by Claude J. Brochu, Gilbert A. Morin and John W. Moffat Milsatcom Group Space System & Technology...Chapter 8. 3. Near-Field Antenna Measurements, Dan Slater, Artech House, 1991, Chapter 2. 4. Claude J. Brochu and Gilbert A. Morin , "Data Acquisition... Claude J., Morin , Gilbert A., Moffat, John, W. 5. DATE OF PUBLICATION (month and year of publication of 6a. NO. OF PAGES (total 6b. NO. OF REFS (total

  18. Analysis of System Wide Distortion in an Integrated Power System Utilizing a High Voltage DC Bus and Silicon Carbide Power Devices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    Captain Norbert Doerry, Electric Warship Design I, PowerPoint presentation, August 3, 2005. [5] Henry Hegner , Bipin Desai, “Integrated Fight Through...17] K. A. Corzine, S. D. Sudhoff, E. A. Lewis, D. H. Schmucher, R. A. Youngs, and H. J. Hegner , Use of Multi-level Converters in Ship Propulsion

  19. Within the Shadows.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Noah

    1989-01-01

    Discusses why Black inventors historically were not recognized by society and the consequences of this discrimination. Covers the following inventors who defied the odds and beat the stereotype to invent important items: (1) Norbert Rillieux; (2) Jan Ernst Matzeliger; (3) Granville T. Woods; and (4) Garrett A. Morgan. (JS)

  20. Out of a creative jumble of ideas in the middle of last Century: Wiener, interdisciplinarity, and all that.

    PubMed

    Montagnini, Leone; Tabacchi, Marco Elio; Termini, Settimo

    2016-01-01

    Is Biophysics an interdisciplinary science? In order to answer this rhetorical question, it can be useful to look back at history of disciplines, as well as that of the scientific institutions helping their development. In this contribution some aspects of the unusual hodgepodge of concepts involving Biophysics, the legacy of Cybernetics, cognitive science and the central figure of Norbert Wiener are presented and discussed.

  1. "Una Communita" Poco Nota della Communicazione non Verbale: Come Communicano il Direttore e l'Orchestra (A Little Known "Community" of Nonverbal Communication: How the Conductor and Orchestra Communicate).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leonardi, Magda Farago

    1992-01-01

    Examines how conductors and orchestras communicate. Communication is essentially nonverbal. Conductors use gestures, gaze, facial expression, nods and posture to deliver their message. Norbert Weiner's Cybernetic Theory of human communication is seen as a means of analyzing precisely how this musical communication takes place. (16 references) (LET)

  2. "Una Communita" Poco Nota della Communicazione non Verbale: Come Communicano il Direttore e l'Orchestra (A Little Known "Community" of Nonverbal Communication: How the Conductor and Orchestra Communicate).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leonardi, Magda Farago

    1992-01-01

    Examines how conductors and orchestras communicate. Communication is essentially nonverbal. Conductors use gestures, gaze, facial expression, nods and posture to deliver their message. Norbert Weiner's Cybernetic Theory of human communication is seen as a means of analyzing precisely how this musical communication takes place. (16 references) (LET)

  3. Identifying Configurations of Higher Education: Reflections on Concepts That Compare Complex Cultural Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alheit, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the idea of qualitative comparing in order to create a "heuristic concept" that will enable relational structures to be examined, drawing on the sociological tradition founded by Norbert Elias. Subsequently, an empirical research example -- the comparison of three "mentality spaces" in post-socialist…

  4. "I Couldn't Wait for the Day": Young Workers' Reflections on Education during the Transition to Work in the 1960s. CLMS Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, John; O'Connor, Henrietta

    Researchers analyzed 500 never-before-analyzed interviews from a study conducted by Norbert Elias and other researchers at University of Leicester in 1962, which was one of the first studies of the transition from school to work. The Elias study explored how young people in England experienced work and adjusted their lives to the work role. All of…

  5. Information Security: A Scientometric Study of the Profile, Structure, and Dynamics of an Emerging Scholarly Specialty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    Elizabeth K. Hawthorne, Karl J. Klee , Andrea Lawrence, and Susanne Wetzel. 2010b. “Towards Information Assurance (IA) Curricular Guidelines.” Proceedings...Impagliazzo, Youry Khmelevsky, Karl Klee , Margaret Leary, Amelia Philips, Norbert Pohlmann, Blair Taylor, and Shambhu Upadhyaya. 2011. “Information Assurance

  6. Handheld Concealed Weapons Detector Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-01

    Enforcement, Edward M. Carapezza, Donald Spector, Eds., Proc. SPIE 2938, 110 - 119 (1997). 3. Franklin Felber, Norbert Wild, Scott Nunan , Dennis Breuner... Nunan , D. Breuner, and F. Doft, "Handheld Ultrasound Concealed-Weapons Detector," in Enforcement and Security Technologies, A. Trent DePersia, J. J

  7. Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Norbert

    2011-01-01

    When two or more languages are part of a child's world, we are presented with a rich opportunity to learn something about language in general and about how the mind works. In this book, Norbert Francis examines the development of bilingual proficiency and the different kinds of competence that come together in making up its component parts. In…

  8. Aurora-A as a Modifier of Breast Cancer Risk in BRCA 1/2 Mutation Carriers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    Dieter Schaefer, Institute of Human Genetics, University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany; Norbert Arnold, University of Schleswig- Holstein , Campus...Intron 2 Opossum Mouse Rat Cow Dog Intron 1 Figure 3 | The FGFR2 locus. a, Map of the whole FGFR2 gene, viewed relative to common SNPs on HapMap

  9. Using Agent Based Distillation to Explore Issues Related to Asymmetric Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    hierarchical model of needs proposed by Abraham Maslow [12]. An interpretation of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs can be represented as a pyramid with the more...D. Kahnemann, E. Deiner, Dr. Phil Norbert Schwarz, « Foundations of Hedonic Psychology », Russell Sage Foundation, 1999 [12] Abraham.H. Maslow

  10. Identifying Configurations of Higher Education: Reflections on Concepts That Compare Complex Cultural Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alheit, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the idea of qualitative comparing in order to create a "heuristic concept" that will enable relational structures to be examined, drawing on the sociological tradition founded by Norbert Elias. Subsequently, an empirical research example -- the comparison of three "mentality spaces" in post-socialist…

  11. Configurations of Activity: From the Coupling of Individual Actions to the Emergence of Collective Activity. A Study of Mathematics Teaching Situation in Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veyrunes, Philippe; Gal-Petitfaux, Nathalie; Durand, Marc

    2009-01-01

    This article presents and uses the notion of configuration of activity, which extends the Norbert Elias's original concept of social configuration based on the study and analysis of individual and collective activity. Although this concept embraces all types of social activities, in the present study the authors used it to describe and analyse…

  12. Continuity and Change in the Experiences of Transition from School to Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, John; O'Connor, Henrietta

    2007-01-01

    Using previously unanalysed data from Norbert Elias's lost study of young workers in Leicester--the "Adjustment of Young Workers to Work Situations and Adult Roles" (1962-1964), and data from a subsequent restudy of the same respondents in 2003-2005, this paper focuses on three main themes. First, we critically examine the concept of…

  13. Adult and Child Identities in Irish Primary Schools, c.1830-1909

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolan, Paddy

    2016-01-01

    Drawing on teaching manuals, government reports and school inspectors' reports from the 1830s up to the early twentieth century, this paper traces the changing conceptual and social distance between childhood and adulthood in Ireland. Using Norbert Elias's figurational approach, it is argued that children became increasingly involved in both…

  14. Revista de Documentacao de Estudos em Linguistica Teorica e Aplicada (DELTA): Novos Estudos em Gamatica Gerativa (Journal of Documentary Studies in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics [DELTA]: New Studies in Generative Grammar).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Revista de Documentacao de Estudos em Linguistica Teorica e Aplicada, 2000

    2000-01-01

    This issue contains the following articles: "Resumption and Last Resort" (Joseph Aoun); "Existentials, A-Chains, and Reconstruction" (Norbert Hornstein); "How Long Was the Nineteenth Century" (David Lightfoot); "Formal Features and Parameter Setting: A View From Portuguese Past Participles and Romance Future…

  15. Internationalization, Globalization and Relationship Networks as an Epistemological Framework Based on Comparative Studies in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García, Amelia Molina; Lara, José Luis Horacio Andrade

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we present some thoughts on the epistemological framework of comparative studies in education. We present some concepts on the internationalization, globalization and inter-relation networks, based on Jürgen Schriewer, Immanuel Wallerstein, and Norbert Elias's theoretical concepts. These reflections were built within the framework of…

  16. The Pragmatist Reader: Reading as a Meaning-Making Transaction in the English Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Rosenblatt's transactional theory and Pike's aesthetic model of reading both put the reader at the heart of the reading transaction. A re-envisionment of these approaches in terms of the pragmatist reader, a concept derived from Norbert Wiley's "pragmatism's self" and the findings of a recent case study into classroom reading, leads to a…

  17. A Regional Analysis of Non-Methane Hydrocarbons And Meteorology of The Rural Southeast United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    1992. Aneja and Zheng Li. Characterization of ozone at high elevation in the eastern United States: trends, seasonal variations, and exposure. J...Southern Oxidants Study site in central Piedmont, North Carolina, site SONIA . J. Geophys. Res.99, 21033-21041, 1994. Hov, Oystein, Norbert Schmidbauer and

  18. The Pragmatist Reader: Reading as a Meaning-Making Transaction in the English Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Rosenblatt's transactional theory and Pike's aesthetic model of reading both put the reader at the heart of the reading transaction. A re-envisionment of these approaches in terms of the pragmatist reader, a concept derived from Norbert Wiley's "pragmatism's self" and the findings of a recent case study into classroom reading, leads to a…

  19. Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Norbert

    2011-01-01

    When two or more languages are part of a child's world, we are presented with a rich opportunity to learn something about language in general and about how the mind works. In this book, Norbert Francis examines the development of bilingual proficiency and the different kinds of competence that come together in making up its component parts. In…

  20. Onboard photo: middeck with crewman, view of MGBX

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    Onboard photo of space shuttle Columbia (STS-75) Swiss crewmember Claude Nicollier with a view of Middeck Glovebox (MGBX) which provides a general-purpose enclosed workspace to carry out small-scale microgravity science experiments.

  1. Quantum Entropy and Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Datta, Nilanjana

    As seen in chapter "Classical Information Theory", classical information theory is the mathematical theory of information-processing tasks such as storage and transmission of information. It was born out of a seminal paper by Claude Shannon in 1948.

  2. C4 Software Technology Reference Guide - A Prototype.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-10

    Baudoin, Claude & Hollowell , Glenn. Realizing the Object-Oriented Life- cycle. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996. Embley, David W.; Jackson... Hollowell , Glenn. Realizing the Object-Oriented Life- cycle. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996. Ett, William. A Guide to Integration of...96] [Kamath 93] [Malan 95] ^ [Tokar 96] Author Baudoin, Claude & Hollowell , Glenn. Realizing the Object-Oriented Life- cycle. Upper Saddle River

  3. Project Summaries: Office of Basic Research Contract Program, 1989-1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-08-01

    University Jean -Claude Falmagne SCIENTIFIC OBJECTIVES: The objective is to design, test and implement computerized knowledge assessment procedures, capable...estimate the effects of variability training on transfer. Results are compared to performances on tests adapted from Piaget and on field dependence...Driskell, James 109 Druckman, D. 177 Falmagne, Jean -Claude 117 Fiedler, Fred 15,34 Fields, Lanny 158 Fischer, Gerhard 91 Frederiksen, John 119 Green

  4. Polymers Used as Fuel for Laser Plasma Thrusters in Small Satellites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    chemical reactions (crosslinking), and the stability of the IR dye during these reactions is doubtful. We have also prepared large coated films for Claude...best” performer in the thruster tests (by Claude Phipps). The chemical structures are shown in Scheme 2. The polymers were studied with two different...2 J. Luque and D.R. Crosley, “LIFBASE: Databse and Spectral Simulation Program (Version 1.5)“, SRI International Report MO 99-009 (1999) 3 I. Kovacs

  5. Facilitation of Scientific Concept Learning by Interpretation Procedures and Diagnosis.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-08-01

    Division Dr. Edward Esty Cambridge, MA 02138W’iiams AFB, AZ 85224 Department of Education, OERI Dr. Robert M. Gagne Room 717D 1456 Michell AvenueDr. Allan M...MA 02138 Dr. Jean Claude Falmagne Department of Psychology Department of Psychology University of CaliforniaDr. Stanley Collyer New York University Los...Psychology University of South Carolina Engineering Schenley Park Columbia, SC 29208 Atlanta, GA 30332 Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Dr. Claude Janvier Dr

  6. Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Kauai Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate Project and Its Associated Marine Mammal Research Program: Vol 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-05-01

    what cy hsart tell* &., Alohat and Malam Porol Claud 5aatoifftf Ph. Centar for Worl& Pea Waialua, Molokal Ha Ui HELLER EHRMAN WHITE & McAUUFFE ATTOR...if I havy of ended you. BU th a mana’o i share is what my beart tell* a&a ’lohaI and malam Par o Claud Sutclifta Ph1l: Conter for Woria Pac Waialua

  7. Biomedical engineering degrees at Lyon 1 University.

    PubMed

    Perrin, E; Berger-Vachon, C; Ray, C; Canet-Soulas, E; Hartmann, D; Oudin-Dardun, F; Briguet, A

    2007-01-01

    Biomedical diploma degrees have a long tradition at Lyon 1, Claude Bernard University. Since 2004, the transition towards the LMD system leaded to a unified Bachelor and Master Degree in Biomedical Engineering. A next evolution plans the creation of a Biomedical Engineering Department in the future Polytechnic School of Claude Bernard University. This department will form professionals in Biomedical Engineering, Medical Physics and for academic employment in Universities and research structures.

  8. Muscular body build and male sex are independently associated with malignant hyperthermia susceptibility.

    PubMed

    Butala, Brian; Brandom, Barbara

    2017-04-01

    Malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) is a disorder of the regulation of calcium in skeletal muscle. Muscular individuals have been shown to have a 13.6-fold increased risk of death during malignant hyperthermia (MH) episodes and are more likely to experience a recurrence after initial treatment. Twenty-five percent of severe MH episodes have occurred in elite athletes. This study investigated the association between MHS and muscular body build. Data were obtained from existing reports in the North American Malignant Hyperthermia Registry, including the Report of Muscle Biopsy and Contracture Testing (caffeine-halothane contracture test [CHCT]) as well as Adverse Metabolic or Muscular Reaction to Anesthesia (AMRA) reports. Malignant hyperthermia susceptible individuals were compared with MH negative individuals with regard to body build and reason for testing. Males were also compared with females. Both the CHCT and the AMRA forms were reviewed for comments. Of the 1,292 individuals diagnosed with MHS by CHCT, males were more likely to be diagnosed with the disorder than females (odds ratio [OR], 2.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.99 to 2.7; P < 0.001). Muscular individuals were more likely to be diagnosed with MHS than non-muscular individuals (OR, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.51 to 2.49; P < 0.001). Males were more likely to be tested after having a possible MH episode (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.45 to 2.1; P < 0.001). Logistic regression showed that male sex (OR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.93 to 2.7; P < 0.001) and muscular body build (OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.21 to 3.9; P = 0.01) were independently predictive of MHS. The interaction between muscular body build and male sex was not significant (P = 0.13). Indications for testing, MH episode vs family history of MH, did not differ between muscular and non-muscular individuals (P = 0.44). Eight of 839 AMRAs and two reports of CHCT had comments describing athletic abilities. Ryanodine receptor type 1 (RYR1) gene mutations were found in five

  9. Breast fat volume measurement using wide-bore 3 T MRI: comparison of traditional mammographic density evaluation with MRI density measurements using automatic segmentation.

    PubMed

    Petridou, E; Kibiro, M; Gladwell, C; Malcolm, P; Toms, A; Juette, A; Borga, M; Dahlqvist Leinhard, O; Romu, T; Kasmai, B; Denton, E

    2017-07-01

    To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived breast density measurements using automatic segmentation algorithms with radiologist estimations using the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data Systems (BI-RADS) density classification. Forty women undergoing mammography and dynamic breast MRI as part of their clinical management were recruited. Fat-water separated MRI images derived from a two-point Dixon technique, phase-sensitive reconstruction, and atlas-based segmentation were obtained before and after intravenous contrast medium administration. Breast density was assessed using software from Advanced MR Analytics (AMRA), Linköping, Sweden, with results compared to the widely used four-quartile quantitative BI-RADS scale. The proportion of glandular tissue in the breast on MRI was derived from the AMRA sequence. The mean unenhanced breast density was 0.31±0.22 (mean±SD; left) and 0.29±0.21 (right). Mean breast density on post-contrast images was 0.32±0.19 (left) and 0.32±0.2 (right). There was "almost perfect" correlation between pre- and post-contrast breast density quantification: Spearman's correlation rho=0.98 (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.97-0.99; left) and rho=0.99 (95% CI: 0.98-0.99; right). The 95% limits of agreement were -0.11-0.08 (left) and -0.08-0.03 (right). Interobserver reliability for BI-RADS was "substantial": weighted Kappa k=0.8 (95% CI: 0.74-0.87). The Spearman correlation coefficient between BI-RADS and MRI breast density was rho=0.73 (95% CI: 0.60-0.82; left) and rho=0.75 (95% CI: 0.63-0.83; right) which was also "substantial". The AMRA sequence provides a fully automated, reproducible, objective assessment of fibroglandular breast tissue proportion that correlates well with mammographic assessment of breast density with the added advantage of avoidance of ionising radiation. Copyright © 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists. All rights reserved.

  10. Jiddah and vicinity, ... Saudi Arabia : 1:25,000-scale topographic maps

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,; ,

    1983-01-01

    SP-2B2. Al Kurāʻ SW --SP-3B2. Al Kurāʻ --SP-4B2. ʻUsfān SW --SP-5B2. Ra's Abḩur --SP-6B2. Buraymān --SP-7B2. Jabal Ţanḑub NW --SP-8B2. Buraymān SW --SP-9B2. Jiddah north --SP-10B2. Jabal Ţanḑub --SP-11B2. Jiddah south --SP-12B2. Jabal al Ḩamrāʼ --SP-13B2. Jazīrat Ghurāb --SP-14B2. Khumrah --SP-15B2. Baḩrah SW.

  11. Ammonium Regulation in Aspergillus nidulans

    PubMed Central

    Pateman, J. A.; Kinghorn, J. R.; Dunn, Etta; Forbes, E.

    1973-01-01

    l-Glutamate uptake, thiourea uptake, and methylammonium uptake and the intracellular ammonium concentration were measured in wild-type and mutant cells of Aspergillus nidulans held in various concentrations of ammonium and urea. The levels of l-glutamate uptake, thiourea uptake, nitrate reductase, and hypoxanthine dehydrogenase activity are determined by the extracellular ammonium concentration. The level of methylammonium uptake is determined by the intracellular ammonium concentration. The uptake and enzyme characteristics of the ammonium-derepressed mutants, meaA8, meaB6, DER3, amrA1, xprD1, and gdhA1, are described. The gdhA mutants lack normal nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-glutamate dehydrogenase (NADP-GDH) activity and are derepressed with respect to both external and internal ammonium. The other mutant classes are derepressed only with respect to external ammonium. The mutants meaA8, DER3, amrA1, and xprD1 have low levels of one or more of the l-glutamate, thiourea, and methylammonium uptake systems. A model for ammonium regulation in A. nidulans is put forward which suggests: (i) NADP-GDH located in the cell membrane complexes with extracellular ammonium. This first regulatory complex determines the level of l-glutamate uptake, thiourea uptake, nitrate reductase, and xanthine dehydrogenase by repression or inhibition, or both. (ii) NADP-GDH also complexes with intracellular ammonium. This second and different form of regulatory complex determines the level of methylammonium uptake by repression or inhibition, or both. PMID:4145865

  12. UCAC and URAT: Optical Astrometric Catalog Observing Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-21

    photometry (1 band) Zacharias & Gaume: UCAC and URAT; Journees, Paris2010 Sep 21 12 Norbert Zacharias StarScan plate measure machine Washington, DC Zacharias...10 mas per image (well exposed star) multiple sky overlaps / year, 7 - 18 mag clocked anti-blooming: extend dynamic range neutral density spots...Zacharias & Gaume: UCAC and URAT; Journees, Paris2010 Sep 21 33 2010, June 29: successful image backside, thinned 10k detector in lab at STA, 16

  13. The Coherence of Acoustic Signals in the Ocean and Application to the Design of Very Large Arrays

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-01-01

    rediscovery by Mandel and Wolf [8] in 1976i First introduced in time series analysis by Wiener [9] in 1930, it is defined as the cross-power spectral...Theory of Partial Coherence, Prenticez-Hall, Inc.:, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1964. (8] L. Mandel, E. Wolf , "Spectral Coherence and the Concept of...Selected Paners of Norbert Wiener, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1964. *"[10] L. H. Koopmans, The Spectral Analysis of Time Series, Academic Press

  14. NATO CBRN Medical Working Group Table Top Exercise on International Health Regulations: Documentation and Output

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    IDA • Small Group 3: Facilitator – Dr. Herbert Wolfe , U.S. Navy; Recorder – Ms. Julia Burr, IDA. In addition, two subject matter experts, Dr...Faix Dr. Audrey Kelley Mr. Richard Prouty Lieutenant Commander Thad Sharp Mr. James Smith Dr. Herbert Wolfe Colonel Timothy Woodruff Commands... Norbert Holysz Non-NATO Nations Austria Colonel Alois Benc Serbia Colonel Srdjan Lazic Prof. Branka Djurovic Switzerland Colonel Sergei Bankoul

  15. Quantitative Electron Probe Microanalysis Using a Scanning Electron Microscope and an X-Ray Energy Spectrometer.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    necessary to solve the ZAF cor- rections in an iterative manner similar to that used by J . Colby 13in the Magic IV programme . In that programme the...Combined with an Energy Dispersive X-ray Analyzer for Quantitative Analysis", X-ray Spectrometry, 2, 1973. 10. Green, L.: Journ. of Phys. E. Scient ... Instrum ., 2, (3), 1973. 11. Wodke, Norbert F. and Schamber, Frederick, MS 885 Super ML Operation and Programme Description Version 1, Unpublished, Tracor

  16. High-Throughput Optical Interconnect Technology for Future On-Board Digital Processors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-07-13

    of-concept demonstration based on a digital processor prototype enabled to assess the suitability and practicality of these technologies from an...HIGH-THROUGHPUT OPTICAL INTERCONNECT TECHNOLOGY FOR FUTURE ON-BOARD DIGITAL PROCESSORS Michel SOTOM (1), Norbert VENET (1), Pierre AUBRY (1...avenue E. Belin, 31401 Toulouse Cedex 4, France ABSTRACT : Digital processing is expected to take place in many satellite payload sub-systems

  17. Automatic Requirements Specification Extraction from Natural Language (ARSENAL)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-01

    for three stages of clinical information extraction: The state of the art at i2b2 2010. JAMIA, 2011. DDG+12. Rolf Drechsler, Melanie Diepenbeck...SMT-based formal verification of a TTEthernet synchronization function. In FMICS, 2010. SF96. Rolf Schwitter and Norbert E. Fuchs. Attempto controlled...Legal Texts Workshop, 2010. 36 SWD12. Mathias Soeken, Robert Wille, and Rolf Drechsler. Assisted behavior driven development using natu- ral language

  18. A Cyberspace Command and Control Model (Maxwell Paper, Number 47)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    Cybernetic-Systems Model First articulated by biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy in his book General Systems Theory, systems theory offers principles and...Norbert Wiener, Cyber- netics: Or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine [Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1948]; and Ludwig von Bertalanffy ... Bertalanffy , 1968) Key Characteristics of the Cybernetic Model: - Self-regulation/self-adaptation - Feedback loop - Control - Information (source

  19. A Weather Analysis System for the Baja California Peninsula: Tropical Cyclone Season of 2008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farfán, L. M.

    2009-05-01

    General characteristics of tropical weather systems are documented on a real-time basis. This study covers the warm season of 2008, from May through November, and includes observations from satellite imagery as well as reports from a rain-gauge network. During this season, the basin had 16 tropical storms and three of them made landfall in the Baja California peninsula, in northwestern Mexico. Tropical storm Julio developed in August and tropical storm Lowell made landfall in mid-September. Norbert, in early October, was the most intense hurricane of the season with strong winds and heavy rainfall that caused significant damage to the infrastructure in the southern peninsula. By the next day, the system moved over the mainland, causing major flooding in Sinaloa, Sonora, and Chihuahua. By request of the Baja California government, a meteorological perspective associated with the structure, intensity, and motion of Hurricane Norbert was presented. This consisted of high-resolution satellite imagery used to explain the spatial and temporal patterns of convection. This material provided an integral analysis of Norbert's behavior during its approach and passage over land, and it was one element, used by emergency managers, to determine the extent of the affected areas.

  20. Thermodynamic design of natural gas liquefaction cycles for offshore application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Ho-Myung; Lim, Hye Su; Choe, Kun Hyung

    2014-09-01

    A thermodynamic study is carried out for natural gas liquefaction cycles applicable to offshore floating plants, as partial efforts of an ongoing governmental project in Korea. For offshore liquefaction, the most suitable cycle may be different from the on-land LNG processes under operation, because compactness and simple operation are important as well as thermodynamic efficiency. As a turbine-based cycle, closed Claude cycle is proposed to use NG (natural gas) itself as refrigerant. The optimal condition for NG Claude cycle is determined with a process simulator (Aspen HYSYS), and the results are compared with fully-developed C3-MR (propane pre-cooled mixed refrigerant) JT cycles and various N2 (nitrogen) Brayton cycles in terms of efficiency and compactness. The newly proposed NG Claude cycle could be a good candidate for offshore LNG processes.

  1. Simplified Helium Refrigerator Cycle Analysis Using the `Carnot Step'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knudsen, P.; Ganni, V.

    2006-04-01

    An analysis of the Claude form of an idealized helium liquefier for the minimum input work reveals the `Carnot Step' for helium refrigerator cycles. As the `Carnot Step' for a multi-stage polytropic compression process consists of equal pressure ratio stages; similarly for an idealized helium liquefier the `Carnot Step' consists of equal temperature ratio stages for a given number of expansion stages. This paper presents the analytical basis and some useful equations for the preliminary examination of existing and new Claude helium refrigeration cycles.

  2. STS-61 crewmembers prepare covers for magnetometers on HST

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Three members of the STS-61 crew prepare covers to be placed on magnetometers near the top of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Left to right are Richard O. Covey, mission commander; Kenneth D. Bowersox, pilot and Claude Nicollier, mission specialist.

  3. Show Me the Monet!...and Other Artists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roman, Michele

    1999-01-01

    Describes a project designed to advertise art history where eighth-grade students painted the classroom door windows throughout their school recreating famous classic paintings from various artists, such as Claude Monet or Vincent van Gogh. Explains that the students learned about different artistic styles and exhibited a great deal of pride in…

  4. Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (12th, Quebec City, Canada, March 26-27, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boissonneault, Chantal, Ed.

    Papers on language research include: "L'expression de l'opposition en Latin" ("The Expression of Opposition in Latin" (Claude Begin); "Le francais de l'Abitibi: characteristiques phonetiques et origine socio-geographique des locuteurs" ("The French of Abitibi: Phonetic Characteristics and Socio-Geographic Origin…

  5. Hearings Before the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs of the United States Senate, Ninety-Second Congress, Second Session on Nutrition and Human Needs. Part 2--Nutritional Needs of Nation's Older Americans. Hearings Held Washington, D.C., June 14, 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.

    This hearing before the Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs began with opening statements by a number of senators. Following this, statements were made by a number of witnesses, including Hon. Claude Pepper, a U.S. Representative from the Eleventh District of the State of Florida; Dr. Jean Mayer, professor of nutrition, Harvard…

  6. Videotape Recording of Narcotic Addicts in Group Therapy: The Analysis of Communicational and Interactive Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soloway, Irv

    An approach to the study of drug sub-culture groups and a model for predictive research in the identification and isolation of heroin addicts are developed in this thesis. The basic methodologies employed are the linguistic methods of Kenneth Pike and Claude Levi-Strauss for use in the analysis of social phenomena. Communicative mechanisms by…

  7. Federal Drug Law Enforcement and Interdiction. Hearing before the Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, Second Session, May 22, 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control.

    This document contains testimony and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing on federal drug law enforcement. Statements are given from Congressman Claude Pepper, the staff director of the National Narcotics Border Interdiction System (NNBIS), an administrator from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), a commissioner from the…

  8. Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuchatel Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. de Linguistique.

    This collection of working papers in linguistics includes four works. "Autour de la racine indo-europeenne 'pet-' ('voler') (pour servir a l'histoire des faits latins)" ("Concerning the Indo-European Root 'Pet-' ('To Fly') (To Serve as an Example of Latin Facts)" by Claude Sandoz looks at the Latin manifestations of the root and illustrates the…

  9. The Attempted Dismantling of the Medicare Home Care Benefit. A Report by the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepper, Claude

    This document presents Congressman Claude Pepper's report on the Medicare Home Care Benefit. Section I traces the history of home health care in the United States. Section II offers statistics and general background information about older Americans and Medicare. The beginning of the Medicare home care benefit and its present operation are…

  10. APS at 125: A Look Back at the Founding of the American Physiological Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Kathy L.

    2013-01-01

    Early efforts in physiological research in the United States were produced by lone investigators working in laboratories funded by their own medical practices. In Europe, however, Claude Bernard and Carl Ludwig produced a new model of scientific research laboratories funded by the state that sought to develop the pursuit of biomedical research as…

  11. Harlem, History, and First-Year Composition: Reconstructing the Harlem of the 1930s through Multiple Research Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, James

    2003-01-01

    Describing the Harlem Riot of 1935, black author and poet Claude McKay wrote, "On Tuesday the crowds went crazy like the remnants of a defeated, abandoned, and hungry army. Their rioting was the gesture of despair of a bewildered, baffled, and disillusioned people". By nearly all accounts, the riot marks the historical end of the Harlem…

  12. Perfectible Apes in Decadent Cultures: Rousseau's Anthropology Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wokler, Robert

    1978-01-01

    Briefly discusses the views of Claude Levi-Strauss and Robert Ardrey who cite Rousseau as a personal influence even though they hold opposing anthropological ideals. The author claims that this situation is due to misinterpretations of Rousseau's work. An interpretation of Rousseau's anthropology is given reconciling the differences. (BC)

  13. On the Shoulders of Giants: From Boole to Shannon to Taube: The Origins and Development of Computerized Information from the Mid-19th Century to the Present.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Elizabeth S.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the evolution of computerized information storage and retrieval from its mid-nineteenth century beginnings in theoretical works on logic by George Boole, to the applications of Boole's logic to switching circuits by Claude Shannon in the 1930s, to the development of coordinate indexing by Mortimer Taube in the 1940s and 1950s. (Contains…

  14. It's a Wrap! A Study of Installations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buck, Susan

    2002-01-01

    Describes an art project for junior and senior high school students called the wrapped chair project where students wrapped chairs using torn sheets in the style of artists, Christo Javacheff and Jeanne-Claude de-Guillebon. Explains that students created thumbnail sketches and drew their finished drawing in either charcoal or chalk. (CMK)

  15. A Physiologist's View of Homeostasis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modell, Harold; Cliff, William; Michael, Joel; McFarland, Jenny; Wenderoth, Mary Pat; Wright, Ann

    2015-01-01

    Homeostasis is a core concept necessary for understanding the many regulatory mechanisms in physiology. Claude Bernard originally proposed the concept of the constancy of the "milieu interieur," but his discussion was rather abstract. Walter Cannon introduced the term "homeostasis" and expanded Bernard's notion of…

  16. Integrate the Arts. Monet's Garden Pops Up!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parks, Mary

    1996-01-01

    This article outlines the steps in an art activity on the elements of landscapes and touches on the topic of perspective. In the activity students create three-dimensional secret gardens of their own out of construction paper. The activity is based on Claude Monet's painting and his garden in Giverny (Normandy, France). (SM)

  17. A Course Connecting Astronomy to Art, History, and Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Don

    2015-01-01

    For the past 20 years the author has taught an Honors College course combining astronomy and the humanities. The purpose of this note is to give examples of methods that can be adapted to classroom use for topics including night sky paintings by Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch, and Claude Monet, historical events influenced by astronomical factors,…

  18. Sartre: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern, Edith, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Edith Kern, Claude-Edmonde Magny, Henri Peyre, Kenneth Douglas, Edmund Wilson, Theophil Spoerri, Jacques Guicharnaud, Eric Bentley, Robert Champigny, Oreste F. Pucciani, Frederic Jameson, Rene Girard, Guido…

  19. High-Current Density, High-Brightness Electron Beams from Large-Area Lanthanum Hexaboride Cathodes.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-13

    Clarendon, Oxford, 1977), Chaps. 4.3-4.4. 15. Claude Lejeune and Jean Aubert, in Applied Charged Particle Optics, edited by A. Septier (Academic, New...Applications Intl. Corp. 1710 Goodridge Drive McLean, VA 22102 Dr. Charles C. Damm Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory P.O. Box 808 Livermore, CA 94550

  20. Native Sons: A Critical Study of Twentieth-Century Negro American Authors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margolies, Edward

    This analysis of 20th-century Negro literature contains chapters discussing 16 authors: (1) "The First Forty Years: 1900-1940," including W. E. B. DuBois, Charles W. Chesnutt, James W. Johnson, Paul L. Dunbar, Langston Hughes, Jean Toomer, Claude McKay, and Countee Cullen; (2) "Migration: William Attaway and 'Blood on the Forge'"; (3) "Richard…

  1. Structural Reform in Higher Education Collective Bargaining. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the National Center for the Study of Collective Bargaining in Higher Education and the Professions (12th, New York, New York, April 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Joel M., Ed.

    Structural reform in higher education collective bargaining is examined in these conference proceedings, along with recent state bargaining legislation, and legal, union, and management views concerning sex discrimination in higher education. The 19 article topics and authors include: the problem of reshaping the fringe package (Claude Campbell);…

  2. Linking Stereotype Threat and Anxiety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Jason W.

    2007-01-01

    Claude Steele's stereotype threat hypothesis has attracted significant attention in recent years. This study tested one of the main tenets of his theory--that stereotype threat serves to increase individual anxiety levels, thus hurting performance--using real-time measures of physiological arousal. Subjects were randomly assigned to either high or…

  3. Gender, Stereotype Threat, and Anxiety: Psychophysiological and Cognitive Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Jason W.

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: Claude Steele's stereotype threat hypothesis proposed that negative group stereotypes increase individual anxiety levels, hurting performance. However, the role of anxiety in stereotype threat has not been fully explored. This study examined the hypothesis that experimental manipulation of stereotype threat would influence real-time…

  4. Perfectible Apes in Decadent Cultures: Rousseau's Anthropology Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wokler, Robert

    1978-01-01

    Briefly discusses the views of Claude Levi-Strauss and Robert Ardrey who cite Rousseau as a personal influence even though they hold opposing anthropological ideals. The author claims that this situation is due to misinterpretations of Rousseau's work. An interpretation of Rousseau's anthropology is given reconciling the differences. (BC)

  5. The XIIIth International Physiological Congress in Boston in 1929: American Physiology Comes of Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rall, Jack A.

    2016-01-01

    In the 19th century, the concept of experimental physiology originated in France with Claude Bernard, evolved in Germany stimulated by the teaching of Carl Ludwig, and later spread to Britain and then to the United States. The goal was to develop a physicochemical understanding of physiological phenomena. The first International Physiological…

  6. Abuses in Guardianship of the Elderly and Infirm: A National Disgrace. A Briefing by the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (September 25, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document presents a briefing by Representative Claude Pepper on the abuses in guardianship of the elderly and infirm, and testimony from witnesses at the Congressional hearing called to examine the issue of guardianship abuse. The opening statement of Representative Pepper and a prepared statement of Representative Helen Delich Bentley are…

  7. Long-Term Care Insurance: Coverage Varies Widely in a Developing Market. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care, Select Committeee on Aging, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    In response to a request by Congressman Claude Pepper, the General Accounting Office (GAO) conducted a study to examine the private long-term care insurance market. The GAO analyzed the premiums, benefits, and limitations of 33 policies offered by 25 insurers in 1986. The GAO assessed the potential for abuse in this market by surveying state…

  8. Harlem, History, and First-Year Composition: Reconstructing the Harlem of the 1930s through Multiple Research Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, James

    2003-01-01

    Describing the Harlem Riot of 1935, black author and poet Claude McKay wrote, "On Tuesday the crowds went crazy like the remnants of a defeated, abandoned, and hungry army. Their rioting was the gesture of despair of a bewildered, baffled, and disillusioned people". By nearly all accounts, the riot marks the historical end of the Harlem…

  9. Stereotype Threat, Identification with Academics, and Withdrawal from School: Why the Most Successful Students of Colour Might Be Most Likely to Withdraw

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Jason W.; Walker, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    Claude Steeles' stereotype threat hypothesis posits that when there are negative stereotypes about the intellectual capacity of certain (stigmatised) groups, members of that group suffer aversive consequences; group members who are most strongly identified with the stigmatised domain in question (e.g., intellectual or academic ability) are those…

  10. A Physiologist's View of Homeostasis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modell, Harold; Cliff, William; Michael, Joel; McFarland, Jenny; Wenderoth, Mary Pat; Wright, Ann

    2015-01-01

    Homeostasis is a core concept necessary for understanding the many regulatory mechanisms in physiology. Claude Bernard originally proposed the concept of the constancy of the "milieu interieur," but his discussion was rather abstract. Walter Cannon introduced the term "homeostasis" and expanded Bernard's notion of…

  11. Calculating the Information Content of an Information Process for a Domain Expert Using Shannon's Mathematical Theory of Communication: A Preliminary Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Charles

    1997-01-01

    Discussion of information as a process focuses on a conceptual exercise for calculating the information content of an information process. Topics include Bertram Brookes' fundamental equation; Claude Shannon's mathematical theory of communication; set of a priori alternatives; knowledge structures; and an example of an archaeologist's information…

  12. APS at 125: A Look Back at the Founding of the American Physiological Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Kathy L.

    2013-01-01

    Early efforts in physiological research in the United States were produced by lone investigators working in laboratories funded by their own medical practices. In Europe, however, Claude Bernard and Carl Ludwig produced a new model of scientific research laboratories funded by the state that sought to develop the pursuit of biomedical research as…

  13. Alcohol and the Elderly. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session (June 10, 1983, Astoria, N.Y.).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    The proceedings of the Congressional hearing on alcohol and the elderly are presented. Following introductory statements by the committee chairman, Senator Claude Pepper, and Representatives Mario Biaggi and Geraldine Ferraro, the briefing paper, "Crisis in Health Care Part 2: Alcoholism," prepared by the subcommittee staff is presented.…

  14. Workers' Attitudes to Technical Change: An Integrated Survey of Research. Industrial Relations Aspects of Manpower Policy 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Touraine, Alain; And Others

    Methods for encouraging positive worker attitude and behavior toward change were examined to provide a basis for re-evaluation of current policies and programs relating to introduction of technological changes. The literature reviewed is presented in sections of: (1) "The Worker and the Occupational System," by Claude Durand, (2)…

  15. Stereotype Threat, Identification with Academics, and Withdrawal from School: Why the Most Successful Students of Colour Might Be Most Likely to Withdraw

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Jason W.; Walker, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    Claude Steeles' stereotype threat hypothesis posits that when there are negative stereotypes about the intellectual capacity of certain (stigmatised) groups, members of that group suffer aversive consequences; group members who are most strongly identified with the stigmatised domain in question (e.g., intellectual or academic ability) are those…

  16. Safety and Efficacy of Over-the-Counter Drug Use by the Elderly. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains the prepared statements and panel testimony from the Congressional hearing on over-the-counter (OTC) drug use by the elderly. Opening statements are given by Representatives Claude Pepper (chairman), Ralph Regula, Mary Rose Oakar, Michael Bilirakis, Tom Lantos, and Hal Daub. Topics which are covered include the incidence and…

  17. An Evolution in Student-Centered Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Barbara E.

    2016-01-01

    The American Physiological Society (APS) Teaching Section annually honors an educator through its Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture at the Experimental Biology meeting. Since I knew about my selection for almost a year, I had a long time to think about what I wanted to say and how I wanted to say it. The theme of my presentation was…

  18. The XIIIth International Physiological Congress in Boston in 1929: American Physiology Comes of Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rall, Jack A.

    2016-01-01

    In the 19th century, the concept of experimental physiology originated in France with Claude Bernard, evolved in Germany stimulated by the teaching of Carl Ludwig, and later spread to Britain and then to the United States. The goal was to develop a physicochemical understanding of physiological phenomena. The first International Physiological…

  19. Monet's Water Lilies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maroni, Michelle

    2006-01-01

    Students love the colors of Monet prints. The sunny yellows, misty blues, soft lavenders, and outrageous oranges. Using this as inspiration, Michelle Maroni wanted her students to discover new painting techniques and ways of planning a composition with more spontaneity. In this article, she describes how she introduced Claude Monet to her students…

  20. Promoting Learning for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students. Classroom Applications from Contemporary Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gersten, Russell M.; Jimenez, Robert T.

    This collection of essays is designed to help teachers of linguistically and culturally diverse students address their students' needs effectively. Essays include: "A Balanced Approach to Early Spanish Literacy Instruction" (Claude Goldenberg); "Language and Preliteracy Development of English as a Second Language Learners in Early…

  1. Kindergarten Monets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dionne, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    Integrating art with literature and science enhances students' learning and retention. Whenever possible, the introduction of the author's art lessons include a relevant artist, such as Claude Monet. In this article, kindergartners paint a pond and learn how to make water lilies using colored tissue-paper squares. (Contains 4 resources.)

  2. Endeavour returns from Hubble servicing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1993-12-01

    During the hour-long descent from space ESA astronaut Claude Nicollier helped mission commander Dick Covey and pilot Ken Bowersox monitor the shuttle's cockpit displays. During their 11-day mission the astronauts fitted the telescope with corrective optics and a new set of European solar panels. If all goes according to plan the observatory will be restored to very nearly its original capability. The first images from the rejuvenated telescope should be released in about 6-8 weeks. ESA had a major role in this mission. In addition to providing the solar arrays, the European Space Agency helped NASA test the Costar corrective optics system. ESA astronaut Claude Nicollier operated the shuttle's robot arm throughout the complex spacewalks to service the telescope and during the crucial capture and release phases. "This was a particularly important international mission from the standpoint of our Swiss and European Space Agency crew member Claude Nicollier, who played an incredibly important part in the repair of the Hubble Space Telescope", mission commander Dick told Swiss Minister of Internal Affairs Mrs Ruth Dreifuss, during a VIP telephone call on Sunday morning. "If there was an unsung hero of this mission it would be Claude and his arm because without them we could not have worked the way we did and been as successful as we were".

  3. ESA MS Nicollier, assisted by technicians, dons EMU lower torso in JSC's WETF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier, seated and wearing a liquid cooling and ventilation garment (LCVG), pulls on the extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) lower torso as a technician straightens the EMU leg. Nicollier is preparing for an underwater extravehicular activity (EVA) simulation and familiarization session in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29 pool.

  4. Evolution of an Educator: Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modell, Harold I.

    2004-01-01

    In selecting a Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecturer, the Teaching Section looks for an individual who has made major contributions to physiology education. Dr. Harold Modell has certainly earned this honor. Harold has an undergraduate degree from the University of Minnesota, a Masters in biomedical engineering from Iowa State, and, continuing the…

  5. Faith, Friendship and Learning: Intercultural Communication in the Republic of Letters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin, Kenneth; Anderson, Wendy

    2010-01-01

    This article uses the renowned antiquarian Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc (1580-1637) as a case study to examine the intellectual and religious culture of the early seventeenth century. In particular, using his extensive correspondence, it investigates the manner in which the exchange of letters could be used to reinforce the identity of one…

  6. Studies of Phase-Conjugate Optical Device Concepts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    Electron. 10, 356 (1980). show good reproduction of the polarization of the incident 10. L. Chase, M. Claude, D. Hulin , and A. Mysyrowicz Phys. Rev. A wave...into a Referring to Fig. 1, we consider a phase-conjugate Michel - crystal of barium titanate to provide the pumping waves for son interferometer 9

  7. Promoting Learning for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students. Classroom Applications from Contemporary Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gersten, Russell M.; Jimenez, Robert T.

    This collection of essays is designed to help teachers of linguistically and culturally diverse students address their students' needs effectively. Essays include: "A Balanced Approach to Early Spanish Literacy Instruction" (Claude Goldenberg); "Language and Preliteracy Development of English as a Second Language Learners in Early…

  8. Poststructuralism as Theory and Practice in the English Classroom. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bush, Harold K., Jr.

    This digest provides a historical review of some current literary theories and practices which developed from contemporary philosophy. Structuralism, associated with Ferdinand de Saussure and Claude Levi-Strauss, with a seemingly scientific view of language and culture posited a systemic "center" that organized and sustained an entire…

  9. Linking Stereotype Threat and Anxiety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Jason W.

    2007-01-01

    Claude Steele's stereotype threat hypothesis has attracted significant attention in recent years. This study tested one of the main tenets of his theory--that stereotype threat serves to increase individual anxiety levels, thus hurting performance--using real-time measures of physiological arousal. Subjects were randomly assigned to either high or…

  10. Gender, Stereotype Threat, and Anxiety: Psychophysiological and Cognitive Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Jason W.

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: Claude Steele's stereotype threat hypothesis proposed that negative group stereotypes increase individual anxiety levels, hurting performance. However, the role of anxiety in stereotype threat has not been fully explored. This study examined the hypothesis that experimental manipulation of stereotype threat would influence real-time…

  11. Sartre: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern, Edith, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Edith Kern, Claude-Edmonde Magny, Henri Peyre, Kenneth Douglas, Edmund Wilson, Theophil Spoerri, Jacques Guicharnaud, Eric Bentley, Robert Champigny, Oreste F. Pucciani, Frederic Jameson, Rene Girard, Guido…

  12. Native Sons: A Critical Study of Twentieth-Century Negro American Authors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margolies, Edward

    This analysis of 20th-century Negro literature contains chapters discussing 16 authors: (1) "The First Forty Years: 1900-1940," including W. E. B. DuBois, Charles W. Chesnutt, James W. Johnson, Paul L. Dunbar, Langston Hughes, Jean Toomer, Claude McKay, and Countee Cullen; (2) "Migration: William Attaway and 'Blood on the Forge'"; (3) "Richard…

  13. If Only Clairaut Had Dynamic Geometric Tools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Hyewon; Reys, Barbara J.

    2013-01-01

    Geometry is a major area of study in middle school mathematics, yet middle school and secondary students have difficulty learning important geometric concepts. This article considers Alexis-Claude Clairaut's approach that emphasizes engaging student curiosity about key ideas and theorems instead of directly teaching theorems before their…

  14. An Evolution in Student-Centered Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Barbara E.

    2016-01-01

    The American Physiological Society (APS) Teaching Section annually honors an educator through its Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture at the Experimental Biology meeting. Since I knew about my selection for almost a year, I had a long time to think about what I wanted to say and how I wanted to say it. The theme of my presentation was…

  15. A Course Connecting Astronomy to Art, History, and Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Don

    2015-01-01

    For the past 20 years the author has taught an Honors College course combining astronomy and the humanities. The purpose of this note is to give examples of methods that can be adapted to classroom use for topics including night sky paintings by Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch, and Claude Monet, historical events influenced by astronomical factors,…

  16. Levi-Strauss's "Bricolage" and Theorizing Teachers' Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatton, Elizabeth

    1989-01-01

    A teacher's work is compared to Claude Levi-Strauss's concept of "bricolage." A "bricoleur" is a professional do-it-yourself person, falling somewhere between an odd-job person and a craftsperson. The concept helps to explain pedagogical inadequacy by linking inherent limiting features of teachers' work and some causal…

  17. Catastrophic Health Insurance: The Tennessee Perspective. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session (Chattanooga, Tennessee).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains witnesses' testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing held in Chattanooga, Tennessee to gain that state's perspective on catastrophic health insurance. Opening statements are included from Representatives Marilyn Lloyd and Claude Pepper. Two panels of witnesses provide testimony. The first panel,…

  18. [The sense of the senseless, psychoanalytic aspects of delusion in psychosis].

    PubMed

    Chaperot, Christophe

    2011-01-01

    The psychoanalytic approach to delusion in psychosis leads us to examine the function of a "furrow". It is necessary to remain in the furrow in order not to become delusional. References to Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan, Mélanie Klein and Jean-Claude Maleval enlighten us as to the origin and the function of delusion as an attempt to give meaning.

  19. Long-Term Care: Need for a National Policy. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session (December 15, 1983, San Francisco, California).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains transcripts of witness testimony and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to review the need for a national health care policy for long-term care. Opening statements are presented from committee chairman Claude Pepper and from Representatives Sala Burton and Barbara Boxer. Testmonies are presented from…

  20. Peut-on ne pas etre eclectique? (Can We Not Be Eclectic?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le Goffic, Pierre

    1977-01-01

    An interview with Jean-Claude Chevalier in which the advantages and dangers of eclecticism are discussed. Some topics covered are: the role of traditional grammar; recent linguistic research in French; the development of teaching methods; Chomsky's theory of universal grammar. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  1. Ability Is Ageless. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document presents the text of a hearing on the relationship of ability to age, in reference to removing age caps so that age will be irrelevent to getting and keeping a job. Statements by Representatives Ron Wyden, Claude Pepper, Ralph Regula, Bill Schuette, Jim Lightfoot, Ike Skelton, George Wortley, and Don Bonker are included. Testimony by…

  2. Central African Security: Conflict in the Congo

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-01-01

    Alliances mouvantes et conflits extraterritoriaux en Afrique Centrale. Paris: L’Hamarttan. Jean-Claude Willame, Banyarwanda et Banyamulenge: Violence...ethnique et gestion de l’identitaire au Kivu. Paris; L’Harmattan, 1997. Crawford Young, “Zaire: The Anatomy of a Failed State,” in David Birmingham & Phyllis

  3. Monet's Water Lilies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maroni, Michelle

    2006-01-01

    Students love the colors of Monet prints. The sunny yellows, misty blues, soft lavenders, and outrageous oranges. Using this as inspiration, Michelle Maroni wanted her students to discover new painting techniques and ways of planning a composition with more spontaneity. In this article, she describes how she introduced Claude Monet to her students…

  4. Symbolic Non-Violence in the Work of Teachers in Alternative Education Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, Richard

    2017-01-01

    Patterns in analysis of research data on alternative education practices as well as on student and teacher experience in mainstream settings seem to support Pierre Bourdieu and Jean Claude Passeron's theory of symbolic violence. Data from teachers and students suggest that students from low socio-economic backgrounds often disengage from education…

  5. Judge Rules Plagiarism-Detection Tool Falls under "Fair Use"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    Judge Claude M. Hilton, of the U.S. District Court in Alexandria, Virginia, in March found that scanning the student papers for the purpose of detecting plagiarism is a "highly transformative" use that falls under the fair-use provision of copyright law. He ruled that the company "makes no use of any work's particular expressive or creative…

  6. Evolution of an Educator: Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modell, Harold I.

    2004-01-01

    In selecting a Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecturer, the Teaching Section looks for an individual who has made major contributions to physiology education. Dr. Harold Modell has certainly earned this honor. Harold has an undergraduate degree from the University of Minnesota, a Masters in biomedical engineering from Iowa State, and, continuing the…

  7. Symbolic Non-Violence in the Work of Teachers in Alternative Education Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, Richard

    2017-01-01

    Patterns in analysis of research data on alternative education practices as well as on student and teacher experience in mainstream settings seem to support Pierre Bourdieu and Jean Claude Passeron's theory of symbolic violence. Data from teachers and students suggest that students from low socio-economic backgrounds often disengage from education…

  8. Auf De Suche Nach Der Guten Schule: In Search of a Great School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chirichello, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This module is the result of the author Michael Chirichello's visit to Luxembourg in 2008. He includes the contact information here for the Atert-Lycee Redange principal or director: Claude Boever, Directeur, email: directeur@alr.lu This publication aligns with the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISSLC) Standard 1: "An…

  9. Astronaut Jeffrey Hoffman on RMS during third of five HST EVAs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Astronaut Jeffrey A. Hoffman signals directions to Swiss Astronaut Claude Nicollier, as the latter controls the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) arm during the third of five space walks on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission. A portion of the Earth's surface can be seen directly behind him.

  10. On-board STS-61 crew portrait

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-05

    STS061-05-031 (2-13 Dec 1993) --- With the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) berthed in Endeavour's cargo bay, crew members for the STS-61 mission pause for a crew portrait on the flight deck. Left to right are F. Story Musgrave, Richard O. Covey, Claude Nicollier, Jeffrey A. Hoffman, Kenneth D. Bowersox, Kathryn C. Thornton and Thomas D. Akers.

  11. Modeling a Cryogenic HE3 Nuclear Gyro.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    Gryoscopes," J. of Applied Mechanics, Paper No. 57-A-72. Cohen - Tannoudji Claude , et al., Quantum Mechanics, (Vols. 1 and 2), John Wiley & Sons, New York...Classical treatments of the equation of motion of in a magnetic field can be found in Kittel [1976] or Cohen - Tannoudji (1977] . The same results are

  12. Quantum Mechanical Atomic Energy Operator.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    operator. 65 S. .. = . ?"L " -- ,V’ S ’ -. W W7 "b ’tp. i . -- ,’. Sr r ,- .- = . -. * -- r -. -.-- =, -. .. . .. Bibliography 1. Cohen - Tannoudji , Claude ...H(t)In(t)> = En(t)In(t)> (5.26) The solution follows the method of Cohen - Tannoudji (1:406-408), 420-423). The multipole Hamiltonian can be written as

  13. Modern Impressions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simkus, Joyce

    2010-01-01

    Claude Monet and the Impressionists were the forward thinkers and painters of their time. They used quick brushstrokes and a rapid pace to capture lively outdoor scenes. Inspired by the colors and shadows revealed by sunlight, the Impressionists typically worked outside, without many preliminary sketches or drafts. This was in direct contrast to…

  14. Arctic Ozone Loss in Threshold Conditions: Match Observations in 1997/1998 and 1998/1999

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-16

    Kiihlungsborn, Germany. 8Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia , Madrid, Spain. 9Deutscher Wetterdienst, HohenpeiBenberg, Germany. 10Instituto Nacional de... Meteorologia , Tenerife, Spain. 11 Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, On- tario, Canada. 12Royal Meteorological Institute, Brussels, Belgium...Nacional de Meteorologia , Apdo. 285, 28071 Madrid, Spain. (Jmin.Cisneros@inm.es) H. Claude, DWD, Observatory HohenpeiBenberg, Albin- Schwaiger-Weg 10

  15. Retreat to Eden: Time and the Cosmos in Monet's Images of Giverny.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Call, Michael

    1997-01-01

    Attempts to explain Claude Monet's obsession with water lilies in the last 25 years of his life through an interdisciplinary approach combining ideas from the history of landscape design, social history, and anthropology. Offers Monet's gardens at Giverny (France), his series paintings, and the railroad as some possible influences on his painting.…

  16. It's a Wrap! A Study of Installations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buck, Susan

    2002-01-01

    Describes an art project for junior and senior high school students called the wrapped chair project where students wrapped chairs using torn sheets in the style of artists, Christo Javacheff and Jeanne-Claude de-Guillebon. Explains that students created thumbnail sketches and drew their finished drawing in either charcoal or chalk. (CMK)

  17. Kindergarten Monets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dionne, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    Integrating art with literature and science enhances students' learning and retention. Whenever possible, the introduction of the author's art lessons include a relevant artist, such as Claude Monet. In this article, kindergartners paint a pond and learn how to make water lilies using colored tissue-paper squares. (Contains 4 resources.)

  18. Monet's Reflections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrovich-Cheney, Laura

    2007-01-01

    From 1899 until his death in 1926, Claude Monet painted a series of watercolor landscapes of his water lily garden and Japanese bridge in Giverny, France. Monet eventually abandoned the banks entirely as subject matter and concentrated solely on the water. These paintings, particularly "The Water Lilies," show a surface in which the shimmering…

  19. Science and English: A Rapprochement through Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fagan, Edward R.

    1965-01-01

    Three views of literature as a bond between science and English are presented. First, the view that the sciences are contributing to the restructuring of literary forms is illustrated by quotations from Nigel Dennis, Northrop Frye, Stephen Spender, Ken Kesey, and Claude Mauriac. Second, historical precedence for viewing literature as rapprochement…

  20. On the Shoulders of Giants: From Boole to Shannon to Taube: The Origins and Development of Computerized Information from the Mid-19th Century to the Present.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Elizabeth S.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the evolution of computerized information storage and retrieval from its mid-nineteenth century beginnings in theoretical works on logic by George Boole, to the applications of Boole's logic to switching circuits by Claude Shannon in the 1930s, to the development of coordinate indexing by Mortimer Taube in the 1940s and 1950s. (Contains…

  1. STS-103 crew signs autographs after presentation at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    After a presentation at KSC for employees and VIPs about their mission, STS-103 crew members sign autographs. From left are Mission Specialist Steven Smith, Pilot Scott Kelly, and Mission Specialists Jean-Francois Clervoy and Claude Nicollier. The STS- 103 mission, servicing the Hubble Space Telescope, included three space walks. STS-103 launched Dec. 19, 1999, and landed Dec. 27, 1999.

  2. STS-103 crew signs autographs after presentation at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    After a presentation at KSC for employees and VIPs about their mission, STS-103 crew members sign autographs. From left are Mission Specialists Claude Nicollier and Jean-Francois Clervoy, Pilot Scott Kelly, and Mission Specialist Steven Smith. The STS- 103 mission, servicing the Hubble Space Telescope, included three space walks. STS-103 launched Dec. 19, 1999, and landed Dec. 27, 1999.

  3. Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuchatel Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. de Linguistique.

    This collection of working papers in linguistics includes four works. "Autour de la racine indo-europeenne 'pet-' ('voler') (pour servir a l'histoire des faits latins)" ("Concerning the Indo-European Root 'Pet-' ('To Fly') (To Serve as an Example of Latin Facts)" by Claude Sandoz looks at the Latin manifestations of the root and illustrates the…

  4. Schema Knowledge Structures for Representing and Understanding Arithmetic Story Problems.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-03-01

    Cornell University Dr. Robert M. Gagne Ithaca, NY 14853 1456 Mitchell Avenue Tallahassee, FL 32303 Dr. Sam Glucksberg D d tDepartment of Psychology Dr...218Dr. Claude Janvier Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 Directeur, CIRADE Universite’ du Quebec a Montreal Dr. Dennis Kibler P.O. Box 8888, St. "A

  5. Interservice Procedures for Instructional Systems Development. Phase 2. Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-08-01

    Identify US and USSR (Using P:.cures) classify the destroyers. follo-’ig ships as US or USSR: Claud Jones Forrest Sherman Kola Riga Kotlin I! 40...another will be optimal. Objectives are sequenced and structured tu provide a smooth flow of learning opportunities. Gagne , R. M., & Briggs, L. J

  6. CHURCH STROKE II - Cruise 5 PAR/ACODAC Environmental Acoustic Measurements and Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-10-29

    Contract N00014-78-C-0329 (Cont’d) Copy No. 113 Claude P. Brancart & Associates, Inc. 17150 Butte Creek, Suite 214 Houston, TX 77090 114 Daniel H...Portsmouth, RI 02871 125 Attn: B. A. Becken Sanders Nssociates, Inc. 95 Cý)nal Street Nashua, NH G3060, 126 Attn: L. E. Gagne 127 R. P. White science

  7. Automation and Cognition in Air Traffic Control: An Empirical Investigation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-02-01

    instructors and management, Gwen Sawyer, Manny Torres, Claude J. Schuldt, of the FAA Academy at the Mike Monroney Aeronau- tical Center, with special thanks... Gagne , V. R., Rosenthal, D., & Institute of Aviation Medicine. Heon, S. (1988). ATC training analysis study: Hopkin, V. D. (1989). Man-machine

  8. Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (13th, Quebec, Canada, March 25-26, 1999).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavanagh, Eric, Ed.

    Papers on language research in this volume include the following: Pour une comparaison des voyelles nasals du Quebec et du Haut-Jura: observations, methodologie et outils infomatiques (A Comparison of Quebec and Haut-Jura's Nasal Vowels: Observations, Methodologies, and Instrumentation) (Vincent Arnaud and Claude Paradis); Le negociation du sens…

  9. Modern Impressions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simkus, Joyce

    2010-01-01

    Claude Monet and the Impressionists were the forward thinkers and painters of their time. They used quick brushstrokes and a rapid pace to capture lively outdoor scenes. Inspired by the colors and shadows revealed by sunlight, the Impressionists typically worked outside, without many preliminary sketches or drafts. This was in direct contrast to…

  10. Integrate the Arts. Monet's Garden Pops Up!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parks, Mary

    1996-01-01

    This article outlines the steps in an art activity on the elements of landscapes and touches on the topic of perspective. In the activity students create three-dimensional secret gardens of their own out of construction paper. The activity is based on Claude Monet's painting and his garden in Giverny (Normandy, France). (SM)

  11. Retreat to Eden: Time and the Cosmos in Monet's Images of Giverny.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Call, Michael

    1997-01-01

    Attempts to explain Claude Monet's obsession with water lilies in the last 25 years of his life through an interdisciplinary approach combining ideas from the history of landscape design, social history, and anthropology. Offers Monet's gardens at Giverny (France), his series paintings, and the railroad as some possible influences on his painting.…

  12. Aircraft/Stores Compatibility Symposium Proceedings (4th) Held at Fort Walton Beach, Florida on 12-14 October 1977. Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-10-01

    Charles Hughes Culver City CA Morin , Serge, Maj DOND Ottawa, Ont., Can. Mullikin, Vernon McDonnell Douglas St Louis MO Murray, William Ogden ALC/MMSRW...4 Shirley, Benjamin 3246TW/TEEAD Eglin AFB FL Short, Claude , Maj AFSC/SDZ Andrews AFS MD Sierra, Celestino General Dynamics Ft Worth TX Smith, Keith

  13. Tracking the Use of Ada in Commercial Applications; Case Studies and Summary Report. Revision.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-09

    explain their accomplishments: Larry Howard, Reuters Information Services, Inc. Jean- Claude Hujeaux, Dowell-Schlumberger Jim Kuschill, CRI, Inc. Jukka...Steve Fox, Computer Corporation of America Philippe Loutrel, ALSYS, Inc. Joseph Morin , M&T Associates John Pates, Massachusetts Computer Associates

  14. EURYDICE Seminar on the Role of School Heads in Education Systems. Main Speeches. (Paris, France, June 29, 1995).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EURYDICE European Unit, Brussels (Belgium).

    Three speeches from a seminar include: (1) "Introductory Statement" (Antoine Bousquet); (2) "Objectives and Reforms of the French Education System" (Claude Thelot); and (3) "School Heads in the French Education System" (Louis Baladier). The seminar program and a list of participants also are included. (EH)

  15. Mariculture Potential Along the Northern Gulf Coast,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Species on which mariculture experiments have been conducted in Alabama either command a high price for food or bait, represent depressed natural...Alabama’s Claude Peteet Mariculture Center (CPMC). Polyculture experiments with penaeid shrimp and pompano have produced combined weights of 1023 kg/ha

  16. Multiscale Problems in Materials Science: A Mathematical Approach to the Role of Uncertainty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-01

    Claude Lebris Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées CERMICS 6-8, Avenue Blaise Pascal Marne la Vallée, France FR-77455 EOARD SPC 10-4002...Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées 6-8, Avenue Blaise Pascal Marne la Vallée FR-77455 France 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER

  17. Pathways and Participation in Vocational and Technical Education and Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    This document presents 10 national reports on widely differing traditions regarding vocational and technical education and training (VOTEC) in Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. Chapter 1, "Synthesis of Country Reports" (Claude Pair), covers programs and pathways, quantitative trends in participation, and…

  18. Monet's Reflections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrovich-Cheney, Laura

    2007-01-01

    From 1899 until his death in 1926, Claude Monet painted a series of watercolor landscapes of his water lily garden and Japanese bridge in Giverny, France. Monet eventually abandoned the banks entirely as subject matter and concentrated solely on the water. These paintings, particularly "The Water Lilies," show a surface in which the shimmering…

  19. Judge Rules Plagiarism-Detection Tool Falls under "Fair Use"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    Judge Claude M. Hilton, of the U.S. District Court in Alexandria, Virginia, in March found that scanning the student papers for the purpose of detecting plagiarism is a "highly transformative" use that falls under the fair-use provision of copyright law. He ruled that the company "makes no use of any work's particular expressive or creative…

  20. IRRA at TREC 2012: Divergence From Independence (DFI)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-01

    C. E. Shannon . The mathematical theory of communication. In Claude E. Shannon and Warren Weaver, editors, The Mathematical Theory of Communication, pages 3–91. The University of Illinois Press, 1949. 6 ...information theory ( Shannon , 1949), along with the evaluation of a heuristic approach that is expected to provide early precision when used together with

  1. Calculating the Information Content of an Information Process for a Domain Expert Using Shannon's Mathematical Theory of Communication: A Preliminary Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Charles

    1997-01-01

    Discussion of information as a process focuses on a conceptual exercise for calculating the information content of an information process. Topics include Bertram Brookes' fundamental equation; Claude Shannon's mathematical theory of communication; set of a priori alternatives; knowledge structures; and an example of an archaeologist's information…

  2. 33 CFR 117.458 - Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. 117.458 Section 117.458 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. (a) The draws of the SR 46 (St. Claude Avenue) bridge, mile 0.5...

  3. 33 CFR 117.458 - Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. 117.458 Section 117.458 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. (a) The draws of the SR 46 (St. Claude Avenue) bridge, mile 0.5...

  4. 33 CFR 117.458 - Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. 117.458 Section 117.458 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. (a) The draws of the SR 46 (St. Claude Avenue) bridge, mile 0.5...

  5. 33 CFR 117.458 - Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. 117.458 Section 117.458 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. (a) The draws of the SR 46 (St. Claude Avenue) bridge, mile 0.5...

  6. 33 CFR 117.458 - Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Inner Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. 117.458 Section 117.458 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Harbor Navigation Canal, New Orleans. (a) The draws of the SR 46 (St. Claude Avenue) bridge, mile 0.5...

  7. Coding and Quantization in Communications and Microeconomics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Yun

    2013-01-01

    Since information theory was developed by Claude E. Shannon, in addition to its primary role in communications and networking, it has broadened to find applications in many other areas of science and technology, such as microeconomics, statistics, and neuroscience. This thesis investigates the application of information theoretic viewpoints to two…

  8. Elder Abuse. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains testimony and prepared statements from a Congressional hearing called to examine the issue of elder abuse. Chairman Claude Pepper's opening statement discusses the horror of elder abuse and calls for federal legislation, similar to the child abuse legislation, for combating elder abuse. Elder abuse is defined as physical…

  9. Beyond the Laboratory: Evaluating the Survey Evidence for the Disidentification Explanation of Black-White Differences in Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Stephen L.; Mehta, Jal D.

    2004-01-01

    The black-white gap in achievement, as measured by performance on standardized tests, has received considerable attention from researchers in the past five years. Claude Steele's stereotype threat and disidentification mechanism is perhaps the most heralded of the new explanations for residual racial differences that persist after adjustments for…

  10. Coding and Quantization in Communications and Microeconomics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Yun

    2013-01-01

    Since information theory was developed by Claude E. Shannon, in addition to its primary role in communications and networking, it has broadened to find applications in many other areas of science and technology, such as microeconomics, statistics, and neuroscience. This thesis investigates the application of information theoretic viewpoints to two…

  11. Structural Reform in Higher Education Collective Bargaining. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the National Center for the Study of Collective Bargaining in Higher Education and the Professions (12th, New York, New York, April 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Joel M., Ed.

    Structural reform in higher education collective bargaining is examined in these conference proceedings, along with recent state bargaining legislation, and legal, union, and management views concerning sex discrimination in higher education. The 19 article topics and authors include: the problem of reshaping the fringe package (Claude Campbell);…

  12. Complications Associated with the Administration of Dantrolene 1987 to 2006: A Report from the North American Malignant Hyperthermia Registry of the Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States

    PubMed Central

    Brandom, Barbara W.; Larach, Marilyn Green; Chen, Min-Shue Alvin; Young, Michael C.

    2012-01-01

    Background Dantrolene is the only specific treatment for malignant hyperthermia (MH), a genetic disorder in which life-threatening temperature increase has been induced by inhaled anesthetics and succinylcholine. Because MH presents with nonspecific signs and delay of treatment can be fatal, dantrolene may be given as soon as MH is suspected. We report the complications associated with dantrolene administration as documented in AMRA (adverse metabolic/musculoskeletal reaction to anesthesia) reports submitted to the North American Malignant Hyperthermia Registry. Methods AMRA reports were analyzed for differences between subjects with and without complications attributed to dantrolene. Documentation of dantrolene dose and subject weight were inclusion criteria. Because some reported complications were likely due to factors other than dantrolene, a reduced set of cases was also defined. Chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests were used. Logistic regression was applied to describe factors associated with increased risk of complications. Results In the full dataset of 368 subjects, the most frequent complications associated with dantrolene were muscle weakness (21.7%), phlebitis (9%), gastrointestinal upset (4.1%) and respiratory failure (3.8%). Logistic regression described a 29% increase in risk of any complication when the total dantrolene dose was doubled, a 144% increase in risk when fluid administration was part of treatment, an 83% decrease in risk in the presence of neurosurgery and a 74% decrease in risk in the presence of oral surgery. In the dataset reduced by removal ofsome serious complications that were judged likely to have been due to preexisting disease or the MH event, there were 349 subjects. The most frequent complications associated with dantrolene were muscle weakness (14.6%), phlebitis (9.2%) and gastrointestinal upset (4.3%). In this reduced dataset, logistic regression described a 25% increase in risk of any complication when the total dantrolene

  13. Chandra Discovers the X-ray Signature of a Powerful Wind from a Galactic Microquasar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-11-01

    NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has detected, for the first time in X rays, a stellar fingerprint known as a P Cygni profile--the distinctive spectral signature of a powerful wind produced by an object in space. The discovery reveals a 4.5-million-mile-per-hour wind coming from a highly compact pair of stars in our galaxy, report researchers from Penn State and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in a paper they will present on 8 November 2000 during a meeting of the High-Energy Astrophysics Division of the American Astronomical Society in Honolulu, Hawaii. The paper also has been accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal Letters. "To our knowledge, these are the first P Cygni profiles reported in X rays," say researchers Niel Brandt, assistant professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Penn State, and Norbert S. Schulz, research scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The team made the discovery during their first observation of a binary-star system with the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which was launched into space in July 1999. The system, known as Circinus X-1, is located about 20,000 light years from Earth in the constellation Circinus near the Southern Cross. It contains a super-dense neutron star in orbit around a normal fusion-burning star like our Sun. Although Circinus X-1 was discovered in 1971, many properties of this system remain mysterious because Circinus X-1 lies in the galactic plane where obscuring dust and gas have blocked its effective study in many wavelengths. The P Cygni spectral profile, previously detected primarily at ultraviolet and optical wavelengths but never before in X rays, is the textbook tool astronomers rely on for probing stellar winds. The profile looks like the outline of a roller coaster, with one really big hill and valley in the middle, on a data plot with velocity on one axis and the flow rate of photons per second on the other. It is named after the famous star P Cygni, in which such

  14. The story of the body and the story of the person: towards an ethics of representing human bodies and body-parts.

    PubMed

    Barilan, Y Michael

    2005-01-01

    Western culture has a few traditions of representing the human body - among them mortuary art (gisants), the freak show, the culture of the relics, renaissance art and pre-modern and modern anatomy. A historical analysis in the spirit of Norbert Elias is offered with regard to body - person relationship in anatomy. Modern anatomy is characterized by separating the story of the person from the story of the body, a strategy that is incompatible with the bio-psycho-social paradigm of clinical medicine. The paper discusses different aspects of the above traditions and how they might bear on this conflict and on contemporary bioethics and bedside practice.

  15. Radialgeschwindigkeiten und eine verbesserte Loesung für Doppelsternsystem AF Ari

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hauck, Norbert

    2013-03-01

    An improved solution for eclipsing binary AF Ari has been found by simultaneous fitting new radial-velocity data of the primary giant component and old photometry data to computed curves. The orbital period of 153 days and eccentricity of 0.36 has been confirmed. The new calibration has resulted in somewhat increased radii and masses of the components: 11.7 Rsun and 2.9 Msun for the G-type giant as well as 2.3 Rsun and 2.0 Msun for the A star. The english version of the paper will be found after the german article. Norbert Hauck is member of the BAV.

  16. [Pertinence of the Elias approach in history of medicine].

    PubMed

    Wenger, Alexandre

    2003-01-01

    Norbert Elias has notably influenced the historiography of the Early Modern Period since the 1970s. In the course of the borrowing of his concepts by different disciplines, the uniqueness of these concepts was nevertheless altered. This article aims to show that Elias' 'Sociology of configurations' proposed an original point of view on Longue Durée in history. It thus suggests: 1) to re-evaluate the historical dimension of Elias' sociology; 2) to question eventual contributions to present-day research to the history of medicine and health.

  17. Convergence Rate in Adaptive Radar

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-02-01

    D.R ?UMallettiS Technolorg Service Corporation < Fan85. oppr l echmology Service Corporation 2811 WILSHIRE BOULEVARD SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNIA 90403...PRINT 510 GiO TO (800810P); 13 80 Yjl(IR)=SSG#AV8 Ytl -(IR)=S$G+AVL Gu 10 300 8t y21(IR)CSSG+AVS Y22(IR):SSGtAVL GO TO0300- 82 Y31(IR)zSSGIAVS v32( IR...Research Corporation Merrill Lane Uaiversity eighas Syracuse, New, York 13210 * Attn: M!r. Sidney AplebauLa Dr. Norbert N’,oj 16 Circle Drive ’loorestown

  18. A-Train Data Depot (ATDD)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Peter M.; Kempler, Steven; Leptoukh, Gregory; Savtchenko, Andrey; Kummerer, Robert; Gopolan, Arun

    2008-01-01

    ATDD is a web based tool which provides collocated data and display products for a number of A-train instruments Cloudsat, Calipso, OMI, AIRS, MODIS, MLS, POLDER-3, and ECWMF model data. Products provided include Clouds, Aerosols, Water Vapor, Temperatures and trace gases. All input data is online and in HDF4, HDF5 format. Display products include curtain images, horizontal strips, line plot overlays, and GE kmz files. Sample products are shown for two type of events. Hurricane event, Norbert, Oct 8, 2008 and a dust storm event over the Arabian Sea, Nov 13-14, 2008.

  19. Quantum mechanical coherence, resonance, and mind

    SciTech Connect

    Stapp, H.P.

    1995-03-26

    Norbert Wiener and J.B.S. Haldane suggested during the early thirties that the profound changes in our conception of matter entailed by quantum theory opens the way for our thoughts, and other experiential or mind-like qualities, to play a role in nature that is causally interactive and effective, rather than purely epiphenomenal, as required by classical mechanics. The mathematical basis of this suggestion is described here, and it is then shown how, by giving mind this efficacious role in natural process, the classical character of our perceptions of the quantum universe can be seen to be a consequence of evolutionary pressures for the survival of the species.

  20. The ARGO Project: assessing NA-TECH risks on off-shore oil platforms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capuano, Paolo; Basco, Anna; Di Ruocco, Angela; Esposito, Simona; Fusco, Giannetta; Garcia-Aristizabal, Alexander; Mercogliano, Paola; Salzano, Ernesto; Solaro, Giuseppe; Teofilo, Gianvito; Scandone, Paolo; Gasparini, Paolo

    2017-04-01

    ARGO (Analysis of natural and anthropogenic risks on off-shore oil platforms) is a 2 years project, funded by the DGS-UNMIG (Directorate General for Safety of Mining and Energy Activities - National Mining Office for Hydrocarbons and Georesources) of Italian Ministry of Economic Development. The project, coordinated by AMRA (Center for the Analysis and Monitoring of Environmental Risk), aims at providing technical support for the analysis of natural and anthropogenic risks on offshore oil platforms. In order to achieve this challenging objective, ARGO brings together climate experts, risk management experts, seismologists, geologists, chemical engineers, earth and coastal observation experts. ARGO has developed methodologies for the probabilistic analysis of industrial accidents triggered by natural events (NA-TECH) on offshore oil platforms in the Italian seas, including extreme events related to climate changes. Furthermore the environmental effect of offshore activities has been investigated, including: changes on seismicity and on the evolution of coastal areas close to offshore platforms. Then a probabilistic multi-risk framework has been developed for the analysis of NA-TECH events on offshore installations for hydrocarbon extraction.

  1. Identification of new phytoconstituents and antimicrobial activity in stem bark of Mangifera indica (L.).

    PubMed

    Singh, Ruchi; Singh, S K; Maharia, R S; Garg, A N

    2015-02-01

    Mangifera indica, commonly called mango or amra belonging to a family of Anacardiaceae, is an important medicinal plant widely used in a variety of Ayurvedic preparations. Extract of its bark, leaves, flowers and kernels are being extensively used for curing various chronic diseases. Mango wood is used in yagya as base fire through which medicated smoke is generated. Three new compounds have been isolated from methanolic and hexane extracts of stem bark: 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, mono(2-ethylhexyl)ester and 9,12-tetradecadiene-1-ol-acetate from the hexane extract and 3-chloro-N-(2-phenylethyl) propanamide from the methanolic extract. These were first separated by thin layer chromatography and later in a silica gel column and identified by characteristic infrared bands corresponding to respective functional groups. The compounds were further confirmed on the basis of GC-MS fragmentation pattern after comparing the data with NIST mass spectral database. All three compounds exhibited antimicrobial activity due to triterpenoids and flavonoids. Elemental analyses by INAA show it to be enriched in essential nutrient elements such as Ca, Fe, K, Mn and Zn which all play an important role in enzymatic processes.

  2. Commentary on "Plasma carotenoids and vitamin C concentrations and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition." Ros MM, Bueno de Mesquita HB, Kampman E, Aben KK, Büchner FL, Jansen EH, van Gils CH, Egevad L, Overvad K, Tjønneland A, Roswall N, Boutron Ruault MC, Kvaskoff M, Perquier F, Kaaks R, Chang Claude J, Weikert S, Boeing H, Trichopoulou A, Lagiou P, Dilis V, Palli D, Pala V, Sacerdote C, Tumino R, Panico S, Peeters PH, Gram IT, Skeie G, Huerta JM, Barricarte A, Quirós JR, Sánchez MJ, Buckland G, Larrañaga N, Ehrnström R, Wallström P, Ljungberg B, Hallmans G, Key TJ, Allen NE, Khaw KT, Wareham N, Brennan P, Riboli E, Kiemeney LA, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands: Am J Clin Nutr 2012;96(4):902-10 [Epub 2012 Sep 5].

    PubMed

    See, William A

    2013-07-01

    Published associations between dietary carotenoids and vitamin C and bladder cancer risk are inconsistent. Biomarkers may provide more accurate measures of nutrient status. We investigated the association between plasma carotenoids and vitamin C and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) in a case-control study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. A total of 856 patients with newly diagnosed UCC were matched with 856 cohort members by sex, age at baseline, study center, date and time of blood collection, and fasting status. Plasma carotenoids (α- and β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin) were measured by using reverse-phase HPLC, and plasma vitamin C was measured by using a colorimetric assay. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were estimated by using conditional logistic regression with adjustment for smoking status, duration, and intensity. UCC risk decreased with higher concentrations of the sum of plasma carotenoids (IRR for the highest compared with the lowest quartile: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.44, 0.93; P-trend = 0.04). Plasma β-carotene was inversely associated with aggressive UCC (IRR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.30, 0.88; P-trend = 0.02). Plasma lutein was inversely associated with risk of nonaggressive UCC (IRR: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.32, 0.98; P-trend = 0.05). No association was observed between plasma vitamin C and risk of UCC. Although residual confounding by smoking or other factors cannot be excluded, higher concentrations of plasma carotenoids may reduce risk of UCC, in particular aggressive UCC. Plasma lutein may reduce risk of nonaggressive UCC. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. The Loneliness of the Aging in Two Contemporary Novels.

    PubMed

    Oró-Piqueras, Maricel

    2016-04-01

    In The Loneliness of the Dying (1985), sociologist Norbert Elias claims that "aging" and "old age" have become frightening, almost taboo terms in Western society because death is increasingly made invisible in advanced societies. Years ago, death was a part of life and the dead were granted the honor of passing away in their homes, surrounded by their communities; in present-day society, most have never seen a corpse and are ignorant of anything related to death. According to Elias, the consequences of this distancing from death have been a distancing from the aging process as a whole. This paper aims to analyze to what extent Norbert Elias's theories about death and the aging process are reflected in contemporary British fiction, using two novels as case studies. Ending Up (1974) and These Foolish Things (2004) depict older British characters who decide to share their last years when they realize that they are increasingly forgotten and invisible both within their communities and their families. In each of their particular styles, bleak and ironic in the case of Kingsley Amis's Ending Up, and refreshingly humorous and moving in the case of Deborah Moggach's These Foolish Things, both authors reflect on possible outcomes for an increasingly aging population. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  4. [The relationship between Bergson's philosophy and medicine].

    PubMed

    Kulczycki, J

    1994-01-01

    The relationship between Bergson's philosophy and medicine follows an outline of theoretical situation in philosophy in the second half of 19c. The former relationship is evident in Bergson's mind-body considerations and thoughts concerning philosophical importance of Claude Bernard's works and are of bilateral nature. Bergson criticized lokalization theory and psychophysical paralelism on the ground of the contemporary neurology and psychiatry. Conversely his ideas, particularly those concerning the nature of conscioiusness and aphasia were reflected in both psychopathology and neurology. Bergson perceives the philosophical importance of Claude Bernard primarily in his theoretical experimental bases for research in medicine and biology. The paper closes considering the importance of various conceptions of personality (including Bergson's) in philosophy of medicine and medical practice.

  5. Comparison between reverse Brayton and Kapitza based LNG boil-off gas reliquefaction system using exergy analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kochunni, Sarun Kumar; Chowdhury, Kanchan

    2017-02-01

    LNG boil-off gas (BOG) reliquefaction systems in LNG carrier ships uses refrigeration devices which are based on reverse Brayton, Claude, Kapitza (modified Claude) or Cascade cycles. Some of these refrigeration devices use nitrogen as the refrigerants and hence nitrogen storage vessels or nitrogen generators needs to be installed in LNG carrier ships which consume space and add weight to the carrier. In the present work, a new configuration based on Kapitza liquefaction cycle which uses BOG itself as working fluid is proposed and has been compared with Reverse Brayton Cycle (RBC) on sizes of heat exchangers and compressor operating parameters. Exergy analysis is done after simulating at steady state with Aspen Hysys 8.6® and the comparison between RBC and Kapitza may help designers to choose reliquefaction system with appropriate process parameters and sizes of equipment. With comparable exergetic efficiency as that of an RBC, a Kaptiza system needs only BOG compressor without any need of nitrogen gas.

  6. [52th Commemoration of French Journal of Plastic Aesthetic Surgery (1956-2007). Fifty-four years of editorial; five Editors-in-chief].

    PubMed

    Cariou, J-L

    2007-08-01

    The french Society of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery (SOF.CPRE) is born December 3th 1952. Initially without "aesthetic", this "key-word" is agreed in 1983 and the symbols are advanced since: SFCPR, SFCPRE, SOF.CPRE. Its official organ, formerly included in Annales de chirurgie (1954-1955), become Annales de chirurgie plastique in 1956, Annales de chirurgie plastique et esthétique in 1983 and finally Annales de chirurgie plastique esthétique (ACPE) in 1992. Since the origin, five Editors-in-chief succeded: Claude Dufourmentel, Raymond Vilain, Jean-Pierre Lalardrie, Claude Lê-Quang, Jean-Luc Cariou. Four of them are alive, Raymond Vilain is dead. The author relate here the natural story of these five editors who had all a triple route: personnal, surgical and editorial.

  7. [Autopsy of a common error: the introduction of curare in Europe by W. Raleigh].

    PubMed

    Lienhart, A

    2009-04-01

    One of the most erroneous and repeated assertion in the history of pharmacology for anaesthetists is to say that "the curare was introduced in Europe by Sir Walter Raleigh under the name of ourari". On the contrary, the names to be reminded are: Lawrence Keymis for the first citation of the word ourari, José Gumilla for the word curare and the description of its effects, Charles-Marie de La Condamine for the import of the first known samples. The mistake was initiated by Alexander von Humboldt and developed by the physiologist Münter, a student of Johannes Müller, quoted by Claude Bernard. The repetition of this error was facilitated by the world diffusion of Claude Bernard's work.

  8. STS-61 crewmembers prepare covers for magnetometers on HST

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-08

    STS061-23-005 (8 Dec 1993) --- Three members of the STS-61 crew prepare covers to be placed on magnetometers near the top of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Left to right are Richard O. Covey, mission commander; Kenneth D. Bowersox, pilot and Claude Nicollier, mission specialist. On the following day, astronauts Jeffrey A. Hoffman and F. Story Musgrave placed the covers on the magnetometers as they wrapped up five days of servicing on HST.

  9. Identifying Instability Pockets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-04

    attention. 3 Richard Boyd and Tak Wing Ngo, Asian States: Beyond the Developmental Perspective (New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005), 47. 4 Stephen Blank...decreased by at least half by the end of the Soviet rule. The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 revived Kazakh ethnic identity.39 38 H. E. Hale ... Hale , 13. 41 Claude Salhani, Islam Without a Veil: Kazakhstan’s Path of Moderation (Bulles, VA: Potomac Books), 56. 15

  10. A Course Connecting Astronomy to Art, History, and Literature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olson, Don

    2015-10-01

    For the past 20 years the author has taught an Honors College course combining astronomy and the humanities. The purpose of this note is to give examples of methods that can be adapted to classroom use for topics including night sky paintings by Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch, and Claude Monet, historical events influenced by astronomical factors, and literary references to the sky by authors including Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Walt Whitman.

  11. Engineers Far from Ordinary: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in St. Louis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    Clark, Joseph N. Nicolette, Henry M. Shreve, James B. Eads, Henry and Edward Flad, Robert E. McMath, John A. Ocker- son, Edward A. Glenn, Claude... John McCune, E.W. Gould, J.R. Pegram, and James Collins of the Keokuk Steamboat Line complained to Secretary of War William Belknap that the new...rivers, signed by James Monroe on May 24, 1824. The Board of Engineers for Internal Improvements had selected John Bruce as the fi rst superintendent

  12. Operational Level Information Sharing Between the U.S. Navy and Southeast Asia Maritime Institutions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-06-09

    Operations Support Multinational Interoperability Working Group, Coalition Building Guide, vol. 3 Communication and Information Systems (CIS) Planning...system model Source: Created by author; derived from Claude E. Shannon and Warren Weaver, The Mathematical Theory of Communication (Urbana, IL...large. To my wife, Christina: you provided a seemingly endless supply of love and support that encouraged me to see this thesis, and other academic and

  13. Investigations of Human Question Answering

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-02-01

    Aiello, & Miller, 1975; Graesser & Black, 1985; Graesser & Golding, 1988; Norman, 1973; Norman & Rumelhart, 1975; Piaget , 1952; Shanon, 1983; Trabasso...Rumelhart, D. E. (1975). Explorations in cognition. San Francisco: Freeman. Piaget , J. (1952). The origins of intelligence in children. New York...California 5825 Callaghan, Suite 225 Santa Barbara, CA 93106 San Antonio, TX 78228 Dr. Ralph Dusek Dr. Jean -Claude Falmagne V-P Human Factors Irvine

  14. Air Force Research Laboratory Sensors Directorate Communications Branch History from 1960-2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    efforts of Roger Swanson, Wayne Fischbach, Allen Johnson, Capt. Anne Hocutt, Ed Humphreys, Bill Brown, Claude Begin, Roy Foster, Bill Rembacz, Jim...K. Rogers , Airborne Laser Communications Measurements; NAECON-86; Dayton, Ohio, 30 April 1986 74 McCraw, @Lt Tammy L., Laser Airborne...Fischbach, Wayne O. and Roger L. Swanson; Motorola 1 KW Solid State Amplifier (AN/ASC-31) Intermod Test Results; Air Force Wright Aeronautical

  15. Hubble Space Telescoe being surveyed by cameras mounted on the RMS

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-04

    STS061-79-072 (4 Dec 1993) --- The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is backdropped against the blackness of space in this 70mm frame recorded during a video survey of the spacecraft following the telescope's recent berthing in the Space Shuttle Endeavour's cargo bay. European Space Agency (ESA) scientist Claude Nicollier controlled the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) arm slowly so that mounted TV cameras could show flight controllers the various areas on the telescope.

  16. Survivable Loosely Coupled Architectures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-01

    Verlag Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 291–303, Pune, India, September 2000. [6] Saddek Bensalem, Marius Bozga, Jean - Claude Fernandez, Lucian...IEEE Computer Society. [5] John Rushby. An overview of formal verification for the time-triggered architecture. In Werner Damm and Ernst-Rüdiger...Agathe Merceron. Parametric verification of a group membership algo- rithm. In Werner Damm and Ernst-Rüdiger Olderog, editors, Formal Techniques in Real

  17. Summary of Technical Operations, 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    34Can We Rely on Fault Tolerant Sys- tems?," and Dr. Jean - Claude Laprie, a director at CNRS-LAAS, Toulouse, France, 14 1991 Summary of Technical...Redesign ( DAMMS -R). The domain model will be used in both the Operational Movement Program and Highway Operations Team subsystems of DAMMS -R. Project...SEI will use the model as a basis for designing reusable software packages to be used initially for DAMMS -R and subsequently for ATCCS battlefield

  18. University of California Conference on Statistical Mechanics (4th) Held March 26-28, 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-28

    Friskin, Physics Department, UC Santa Barbara Alejandro Garcia , Physics Department, San Jose State Jaime Garcia , Department of Chemistry, UCLA Claude...Waterloo, Ontario Enrique Peacock- Lopez , Department of Chemistry, Williams College Zhang Qing, Department of Chemistry, UC Berkeley Wouter-Jan Rappel, INLS...San Francisco Duane Siemens, Physics Department, UC Davis Ralph A. Smith, Physics Department, U C San Diego Erik Sorensenm, Physics Department, UC Santa

  19. Southeast Asia Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-22

    Caledonia are increasing. Two weeks ago, the Melanesian tribe of Poinda, 300 kilometers from Noumea, called upon the Devillers family to leave its...land reform. Jean-Claude Devillers had won an extension of the deadline for leaving his property; however, the tribes in that area, con- vinced that...similar invi- tation had been given to the Tasmanian state minister and his officials. The Tasmanian visit will try to sort out problems of competition

  20. The Gates, 1979-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Arts: The Art Education Magazine for Teachers, 2005

    2005-01-01

    One art critic called it pure Despite the mixed reviews of Christo and Jeanne-Claude's temporary art installation in New York's Central Park, the public reaction to The Gates was largely positive.The Gates consisted of 7,500 orange PVC frames straddling the park's walkways that varied in widths from 5 1/2 feet to 18 feet. Eight-foot-long ripstop…

  1. The Gates, 1979-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Arts: The Art Education Magazine for Teachers, 2005

    2005-01-01

    One art critic called it pure Despite the mixed reviews of Christo and Jeanne-Claude's temporary art installation in New York's Central Park, the public reaction to The Gates was largely positive.The Gates consisted of 7,500 orange PVC frames straddling the park's walkways that varied in widths from 5 1/2 feet to 18 feet. Eight-foot-long ripstop…

  2. Solar Sea Power Plants (SSPP): A critical review and survey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strauss, A. M.

    1974-01-01

    An overview of technical and economic matters relating to the eventual success or failure of the SSPP concept is presented, with emphasis on the pollution and energy problems which the SSPP would serve to eliminate. Factors discussed include cost, mariculture possibilities, siting, legal limitations, design materials, mooring and anchoring, and the human element involved. Several alternative power systems are considered for incorporation into SSPP design, such as Nitinol power, Claude cycle, and closed cycle engine systems.

  3. Hulah Lake: Survey and Evaluation of Cultural Resources at Hulah Lake, Osage County, Oklahoma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-01

    1985c:327). The Bryson - Paddock and Deer Creek sites in Kay County are two Witchita villages visited by Claude Du Tisne in 1719 (Bell 1984:364). European...This is evidenced by the historic material recovered from such sites as Deer Creek, Bryson and Love located west of the project area near Kaw Reservoir...extra shoreline areas of Hulah Lake, Osage County, Oklahoma resulted in the discovery of 22 new sites and the rediscovery of 3 previously recorded

  4. Reflection of payload bay in EMU helmet during EVA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2000-01-05

    STS103-302-002 (19- 27 December 1999)---.The Space Shuttle Discovery's Cargo Bay and Crew Module, and the Earth's horizon are reflected in the helmet visor of one of the space walking astronauts on STS-103..Astronauts Steven L. Smith, John M. Grunsfeld, C. Michael Foale and Claude Nicollier participated in three days of.extravehicular activity on the NASA's third servicing visit to the Hubble Space Telescope (HST).

  5. Development of a Higher-Order Upwind Algorithm for Discontinuous Compressible Flow

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    circumstance. They were originally proposed by Leonhard Euler in the mid 1750’s, and later refined by Claude Louis Marie Henri Navier in the early 1820’s...the com- pressible Euler equations that include compact differencing cannot be applied to problems involving discontinuities (such as shock or contact...Riemann solver was investigated. This method was incorporated into a one-dimensional numerical simulation of the compressible Euler equations, and

  6. ESA MS Nicollier, assisted by technicians, dons EMU upper torso in JSC's WETF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier, wearing liquid cooling and ventilation garment (LCVG) and extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) lower torso, crouches under EMU upper torso. Technicians extend the sleeves enabling Nicollier to insert his arms into the armholes. Once fully suited in the EMU, Nicollier will be lowered via the platform into JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29 pool for an underwater extravehicular activity (EVA) simulation and familiarization session.

  7. STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, OMS pod leak repair at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    At the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Rockwell manufacturing engineering specialist Claude Willis (left) and Rockwell manufacturing supervisor George Gallagher begin installation of a 'clamshell' device in the left orbital maneuvering system (OMS) pod reaction control system (RCS) of Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103. Gallagher performed the OMS pod nitric acid oxidizer leak repair operation using the two newly cut access ports in the Orbiter's aft bulkhead.

  8. West Europe Report. No. 2178.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-07-22

    Jersild; BERLINGSKE TIDENDE, 23 Jun 83) 25 FRANCE PS Factions Split on Protectionism, Devaluation ( Jean -Claude Hazera; LE NOUVEL ECONOMISTE, 13 Jun...of Belgium, by reporters Charles Bricman, Benoit Califice, and Jacques Dujardin, in Liege, date and occasion not specified: "Robert the Rebel...the march on Brussels, Jacques Yerna had contacted Piette. We found the answer the next day...in the press. It was "No!" In fact, it is not very

  9. The United Nations Security Council Veto in the New World Order

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Shoffner, SASO to FMSO: Assessing the New World Order, Military Review, Dec. 1991, at preface. 10. Natsec Strategy, supra note 1, at 3. . 11. See Cass R... Sunstein , Constitutionalism and Secession, 58 U. Chi. L. Rev. 633, 640 (1991) [hereinafter Sunstein ]. 12. See Claude, supra note 7, at 253 (on the need...File [hereinafter Genscher on Yugoslavia]. 52. See Sunstein , supra note 11, at 654. . 53. Steven L. Burg, Nationalism and Democratization in

  10. [The Pluvinet, chemists and grocers, during the french Revolution and the Empire].

    PubMed

    Flahaut, Jean

    2003-01-01

    Between 1750 and 1813, the ancient archives described two Pluvinet: Jean-Claude and Jean-Charles (or Jean-Baptiste-Charles). They were chemists and grocers; they had various activities, with Lavoisier, with Cadet de Gassicourt, at the Council of the City of Paris, etc. But frequent confusions exist between the two first names, and it seems possible that they concern only one man, who changed his first name according to the events.

  11. Genetic Modifiers of Ovarian Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    ovarian cancer, a sizeable proportion of women who carry a deleteriou s mutation will not d evelop this disease . In addition, the findings show that...carriers. Carriers were censored at age of onset of disease for those affected with breast or ovarian cancer and age of last follow up or age at 5...Doerk T, Hillemanns P, Durst M, Runnebaum I, Thompson PJ, Carney ME, Goodman MT, Lurie G, Wang- Gohrke S , Hein R, Chang-Claude J, Rossing MA, Cushing

  12. Simple Models to Explore Deterrence and More General Influence in the War with al-Qaeda

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Religious change • Caliphate • Millennialism • Independence of state • Anarchy... Social, economic, and political discrimination; other broad contextual...knowledge to succeed in an operation. • In this connection, there is a good deal of rationality in how terrorist organizations use suicide bombers, the...Tactical Use of Suicide Attacks, National Bureau of Economic Research, 2005. Berrebi, Claude, “The Economics of Terrorism and Counterterrorism: What

  13. Nonlinear Optical Studies of Resonant Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-14

    1986), Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1275 Cohen , E., and M.D. Sturge (1982), Phys. Rev. B 25, 3828. Cohen - Tannoudji , Claude (1977), in Frontiers in Laser...evaluation of this term including the use of reservoir theory in the density matrix ( Cohen - Tannoudji , 1977). For many cases of interest, the...review of relaxation, see Cohen -Tan -iAi, 1977). The velocity term on the left hand side describes motion of tb ’enter of mass for gas phase systems

  14. Astronaut Jeffrey Hoffman on RMS during third of five HST EVAs

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-07

    STS061-105-026 (7 Dec. 1993) --- Astronaut Jeffrey A. Hoffman signals directions to European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Claude Nicollier, as the latter controls the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) arm during the third of five Extravehicular Activities (EVA) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission. Astronauts Hoffman and F. Story Musgrave earlier changed out the Wide Field\\Planetary Camera (WF\\PC).

  15. Survey of Neural Net Paradigms for Specification of Discrete Networks.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-31

    appendix. 23 References 1. Cambier, J.L., Barth , S., Reid, W.J., Barrett,S., "Advanced Pattern Recognition", F30602-80-C-0319. ADA 132 339 2. Elman, J.L...Nov. 1985. ., .U U - - A 1 Bibliography Berge, Claude, "Principles of Combinatorics", Academic Press, 1971 Fischer, Roland , "Deconstructing Reality... Roland W., "Cognitive Strategies in Stochastic Thinking", D. Reidel, 1982(?) Searle, John, "Expression and Meaning", Cambridge U. Press, 1979 Talmy

  16. Northern Sea Route and Icebreaking Technology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-01

    at USACRREL, for technical review of the manu- script; to Jean -Claude Tatinclaux, Chief of the Ice Engineering Research Branch at USACRREL for valuable...grate- fully recognized: Nancy Liston and Cynthia Whitney for literature searches, bibliography production, and procurement of publications and...ice. Cold Regions Arctic Engineering, 7-12 February, Houston, Texas Science and Technology, 10(3): 219-234. (D.S. Sodhi, C.H. Luk and N.K. Sinha, Eds

  17. STS-46 crewmembers participate in Fixed Base (FB) SMS training at JSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, Pilot Andrew M. Allen hands Mission Specialist (MS) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jeffrey A. Hoffman checklists from middeck locker MF43E during training session in JSC's fixed base (FB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS) located in Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. European Space Agency (ESA) MS Claude Nicollier outfitted with communications kit assembly headset (HDST) and equipment looks beyond Hoffman to the opposite side of the middeck.

  18. Space Shuttle Projects

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-07-01

    The STS-103 crew portrait includes (from left) C. Michael Foale, mission specialist; Claude Nicollier, mission specialist representing the European Space Agency (ESA) ; Scott J. Kelly, pilot; Curtis L. Brown, commander; and mission specialists Jean-Francois Clervoy (ESA), John M. Grunsfeld, and Steven L. Smith. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on December 19, 1999 at 6:50 p.m. (CST), the STS-103 mission served as the third Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission.

  19. STS-46 Payload Specialist Malerba uses extinguisher during JSC firefighting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, Italian Payload Specialist Franco Malerba shoots fire extinguisher spray at the base of a blazing fire during fire fighting and fire training exercises at JSC's Fire Training Pit located across from the Gilruth Center Bldg 207. Behind Malerba are the fire fighting training instructor, firemen, and European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier, holding a camcorder.

  20. Toward Intelligence Systems for Testing.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-03-01

    diagnostic testing (Spinet i & Hambleton, 1977). Spineti and Hambleton used learning hierarchies specified by rational task analysis ( Gagne , 1965) to help...great debate. New York: McGraw-Hill. Gagne , R. M. (1965). The conditions of learning. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston. Glaser, R. (1963...VA 22030 University of South Carolina Columbia. SC 29208 Ms. Julia S. Hough Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Dr. Claude Janvier 6012 Greene Street

  1. STS-75 Payload Specialist Umberto Guidoni suits up

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-75 Payload Specialist Umberto Guidoni (right) chats with fellow crew member Mission Specialist Claude Nicollier during suitup activities in the Operations and Checkout Building. Guidoni represents the Italian Space Agency and is one of three international crew members assigned to STS-75. He and six fellow crew members will depart shortly for Launch Pad 39B, where the Space Shuttle Columbia awaits liftoff during a two-and-a-half- hour launch window opening at 3:18 p.m. EST.

  2. Extraction of Relations between Entities from Texts by Learning Methods

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    use of a large training corpus, necessary to efficiently weight documents and patterns. • Prométhée ( Morin 1999) incrementally learns a set of...Co-texte et calcul du sens, Claude Guimier (éd). Frigière J. (2004), Information extraction by learning method, Thales report. Harris Z. S. (1968...Superiority, IST- 055 Specialists Meeting on "Information Fusion for Command Support", Netherlands. Morin E. (1999) ,Using Lexico-Syntactic Patterns to

  3. 25 years of European human spaceflight.

    PubMed

    Feustel-Buechl, Jorg

    2003-11-01

    The article reviews the first 25 years of the European Space Agency's involvement in human space flight. The article explores the evolution of ESA's participation, including cooperative programs with NASA and with the Soviet Union/Russia. Current and future activities planned for the European Astronaut Centre are discussed. Interviews with Ulf Merbold and Vladimir Remek are included along with comments by Claude Nicollier, Frank De Winne, Umberto Guidoni, and Claudie Haignere.

  4. Area Handbook Series: Dominican Republic and Haiti: Country Studies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    elections could be held. The Permanent Electoral Council ( Conseil Electoral Permanent- CEP) scheduled local, legislative, and presidential elections for...Jean-Claude Duvalier fled in face of popu- lar revolt. He was succeeded by five-member National Council of Government ( Conseil National de...con- sented. After hastily naming a National Council of Government ( Conseil National de Gouvernement-CNG) made up of Nam- phy, Regala, and three

  5. L'optique balistique newtonienne à l'épreuve des satellites de Jupiter.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eisenstaedt, J.

    1996-08-01

    This paper describes the theoretical and observational attempts in the 18th century to test Newton's corpuscular theory of light by observing the predicted color changes of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter during eclipse ingress and egress. Scholars with major contributions to this scientific debate were Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, Thomas Melville, the Marquis de Courtivron, and Alexis-Claude Clairaut. The present essay puts specific emphasis on the work of these scientists.

  6. STS-46 ESA MS Nicollier on OV-104's aft flight deck during EURECA deployment

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-11-19

    STS046-01-019 (1 Aug 1992) --- Claude Nicollier, representing the European Space Agency (ESA) onboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis for the mission, is seen on the flight deck during pre-deployment operations with the ESA's EURECA satellite. EURECA can be seen on the end of the Remote Manipulator System (RMS). Nicollier was joined by five NASA astronauts and an Italian payload specialist for eight days aboard the Atlantis.

  7. Transverse and Quantum Effects in Light Control by Light; (A) Parallel Beams: Pump Dynamics for Three Level Superfluorescence; and (B) Counterflow Beams: An Algorithm for Transverse, Full Transient Effects in Optical Bi-Stability in a Fabryperot Cavity.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    International Division) - Pierre Cadieux (system routine for data bases) - Michel Cormier (user interface for data base) - Yve Claude (pagination of...like a Foucault pendulum. (See Fig. 6b). The SF process is a unique macroscopic manifestation of quantum fluctuations, even though they are proportional...otherwise. (b) No level degeneracy, T2 = T2 =, KL = 0. (c) T2 = m. (d) T2 = . Ce) KL = 0. (f) KL 5. (g) No level degeneracy. Fig. 6b. Foucault pendulum co

  8. NATO Advanced Research Workshop: Vortex Flows and Related Numerical Methods (Ecoulements Tourbillonnaires et Methodes Numeriques) Held in Grenoble-St. Pierre de Chartreuse, France on June 15-19, 1992. List of Participants (Liste des Participants), Book of Abstracts (Resumes), Instructions for Submission to the Proceedings (Format pour les Actes).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    55 e-mail: buttke@math.ias.edu e-mail: baras@imag.fr Claude Basdevant Emanuele Caglioti LMD Dipatimento Matematica Ecole Normale Superieure Universita...Dipartimento Matematica CALTECH Universita ’La Sapienza’ Pasadena, CA 91125, USA Piazzale Aldo Moro, 2 Tel.: (818) 356 44 62 00185 Roma, ITALIE Fax: (818...Vortices and Localizgtion in Euler Flows. Carlo Marchiom Dipainento di Matematica , Universitk "La Sapienza", Piazzale A.Moro 2, 00185 ROMA ,haly It is

  9. Capacity Bounds and Stochastic Resonance for Binary Input Binary Output Channels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    21] R. Schroer. Electronic warfare. Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE, 18(7):49 – 54, July 2003. [22] Claude E. Shannon . A mathematical... Shannon channel. We do not analyze the physical reality of such output thresholding [10], [3]; rather we concentrate on the information theoretic...capacity expression that approximations and bounds were derived in [16], [17]. A (2, n) channel is a discrete memoryless Shannon commu- nication channel with

  10. Determining Optimal Evacuation Decision Policies for Disasters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    particle’s initial state, its vertical volatility, and its distribution of possible final states. In particular, the Shannon entropy (Klir, 2006, p. 69) of...Then we showed a clear relationship between a particle’s initial state, its volatility, and the distribution of final states. In general, the Shannon ...Probabilistic Evacuation Decision Model For River Floods In The Nether- lands. M.Phil. thesis, TU Delft. Henry, Claude . 1974. Investment Decisions Under

  11. Integrated Warfighter Biodefense Program (IWBP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    of Shannon Information Theory developed by Claude Shannon1, one of the founders of modern computer science. Informative patterns comprising...extension of Shannon Information Theory. b. Ability to deal with arbitrary data relationships, both linear and non-linear. Factor analysis assumes linear...transparent to the end user. c. Ability to deal with arbitrary statistical data distributions. This is again a result of using Shannon Information Theory

  12. [The ethics of animal experimentation].

    PubMed

    Goffi, Jean-Yves

    2013-01-01

    The paper starts with a short definition of animal experimentation, then three main approaches to the practice are considered: unconditional approval (as advocated by Claude Bernard), conditional and restricted approval (as advocated by Peter Singer) and strict prohibition (as advocated by Tom Regan and Gary Francione). It is argued that what is actually approved or condemned in animal experimentation is the value of the scientific enterprise.

  13. STS-103 crew perform virtual reality training in building 9N

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-05-24

    S99-05679 (24 May 1999) --- Astronauts Claude Nicollier (seated), representing the European Space Agency (ESA), and John M. Grunsfeld use virtual reality hardware to rehearse some of their duties for the upcoming STS-103 mission, NASA's third servicing visit to the Earth-orbiting Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The two mission specialists will be joined by five other astronauts, including a second ESA representative, for the STS-103 mission, scheduled for autumn of this year.

  14. ESA MS Nicollier extends mockup tetherline prior to JSC WETF simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier, turning a crank, extends a tetherline from a reel mounted on a mockup of the forward payload bay (PLB) bulkhead. Nicollier familiarizes himself with the operation of the safety tether system prior to donning an extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) and participating in an underwater extravehicular activity (EVA) simu- lation in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29 pool.

  15. Plant anesthesia supports similarities between animals and plants

    PubMed Central

    Grémiaux, Alexandre; Yokawa, Ken; Mancuso, Stefano; Baluška, František

    2014-01-01

    The French scientist Claude Bernard (1813–1878) is famous for his discoveries in physiology and for introducing rigorous experimental methods to medicine and biology. One of his major technical innovations was the use of chemicals in order to disrupt normal physiological function to test hypotheses. But less known is his conviction that the physiological functions of all living organisms rely on the same underlying principles. He hypothesized that similarly to animals, plants are also able to sense changes in their environment. He called this ability “sensitivity.” In order to test his ideas, he performed anesthesia on plants and the results of these experiments were presented in 1878 in “Leçonssur les phénomènes de la vie communs aux animaux et aux végétaux.”1 The phenomena described by Claude Bernard more than a century ago are not fully understood yet. Here, we present a short overview of anesthetic effects in animals and we discuss how anesthesia affects plant movements, seed germination, and photosynthesis. Surprisingly, these phenomena may have ecological relevance, since stressed plants generate anesthetics such as ethylene and ether. Finally, we discuss Claude Bernard's interpretations and conclusions in the perspective of modern plant sciences. PMID:24476640

  16. Chandra Observatory Uncovers Hot Stars In The Making

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-11-01

    their type," said Norbert S. Schulz, MIT research scientist at the Chandra X-ray Center, who leads the Orion Project. "And by extreme, we mean temperatures which are in some cases well above 60 million degrees." The hottest massive star known so far has been around 25 million degrees. The great Orion Nebula harbors the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC), a loose association of around 2,000 mostly very young stars of a wide range of mass confined within a radius of less than 10 light years. The Orion Trapezium Cluster is a younger subgroup of stars at the core of the ONC confined within a radius of about 1.5 light years. Its median age is around 300,000 years. The constant bright light of the Trapezium and its surrounding stars at the heart of the Orion nebula (M42) are visible to the naked eye on clear nights. In X-rays, these young stars are constantly active and changing in brightness, sometimes within half a day, sometimes over weeks. "Never before Chandra have we seen images of stellar activity with such brilliance," said Joel Kastner, professor at the Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science at the Rochester Institute of Technology. "Here the combination of very high angular resolution, with high quality spectra that Chandra offers, clearly pays off." The observation was performed using the High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (HETGS) and the X-ray spectra were recorded with the spectroscopic array of the Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS). The ACIS detector is a sophisticated version of the CCD detectors commonly used in video cameras or digital cameras. The orion stars are so bright in X-rays that they easily saturate the ccds. Here the team used the gratings as a blocking filter. Orion Trapezium - X-ray & Optical JPEG, TIFF, PS X-ray contours of the Chandra observation overlaid onto the optical Hubble image (courtesy of J. Bally, CASA Colorado). The field of view is 30"x30". Besides the bright main Trapezium stars, which were found to be extremely

  17. Malignant hyperthermia deaths related to inadequate temperature monitoring, 2007-2012: a report from the North American malignant hyperthermia registry of the malignant hyperthermia association of the United States.

    PubMed

    Larach, Marilyn Green; Brandom, Barbara W; Allen, Gregory C; Gronert, Gerald A; Lehman, Erik B

    2014-12-01

    AMRA (adverse metabolic or muscular reaction to anesthesia) reports submitted to The North American Malignant Hyperthermia Registry of the Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States from 1987 to 2006 revealed a 2.7% cardiac arrest and a 1.4% death rate for 291 malignant hyperthermia (MH) events. We analyzed 6 years of recent data to update MH cardiac arrest and death rates, summarized characteristics associated with cardiac arrest and death, and documented differences between early and recent cohorts of patients in the MH Registry. We also tested whether the available data supported the hypothesis that risk of dying from an episode of MH is increased in patients with inadequate temperature monitoring. We included U.S. or Canadian reports of adverse events after administration of at least 1 anesthetic drug, received between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2012, with an MH clinical grading scale rank of "very likely MH" or "almost certain MH." We excluded reports that, after review, were judged to be due to pathologic conditions other than MH. We analyzed patient demographics, family and patient anesthetic history, anesthetic management including temperature monitoring, initial dantrolene dose, use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, MH complications, survival, and reported molecular genetic DNA analysis of RYR1 and CACNA1S. A one-sided Cochran-Armitage test for proportions evaluated associations between mode of monitoring and mortality. We used Miettinen and Nurminen's method for assessing the relative risk of dying according to monitoring method. We used the P value of the slope to evaluate the relationship between duration of anesthetic exposure before dantrolene administration and peak temperature. We calculated the relative risk of death in this cohort compared with our previous cohort by using the Miettinen and Nurminen method adjusted for 4 comparisons. Of 189 AMRA reports, 84 met our inclusion criteria. These included 7 (8.3%) cardiac arrests, no

  18. Isolation and characterization of a β-propeller gene containing phosphobacterium Bacillus subtilis strain KPS-11 for growth promotion of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.).

    PubMed

    Hanif, Muhammad Kashif; Hameed, Sohail; Imran, Asma; Naqqash, Tahir; Shahid, Muhammad; Van Elsas, Jan D

    2015-01-01

    Phosphate-solubilizing and phytate-mineralizing bacteria collectively termed as phosphobacteria provide a sustainable approach for managing P-deficiency in agricultural soils by supplying inexpensive phosphate to plants. A phosphobacterium Bacillus subtilis strain KPS-11 (Genbank accession no. KP006655) was isolated from potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) rhizosphere and characterized for potato plant growth promoting potential. The strain utilized both Ca-phosphate and Na-phytate in vitro and produced 6.48 μg mL(-1) indole-3-acetic acid in tryptophan supplemented medium. P-solubilization after 240 h was 66.4 μg mL(-1) alongwith the production of 19.3 μg mL(-1) gluconic acid and 5.3 μg mL(-1) malic acid. The extracellular phytase activity was higher (4.3 × 10(-10) kat mg(-1) protein) than the cell-associated phytase activity (1.6 × 10(-10) kat mg(-1) protein). B. subtilis strain KPS-11 utilized 40 carbon sources and showed resistance against 20 chemicals in GENIII micro-plate system demonstrating its metabolic potential. Phytase-encoding gene β-propeller (BPP) showed 92% amino acid similarity to BPP from B. subtilis (accession no.WP_014114128.1) and 83% structural similarity to BPP from B. subtilis (accession no 3AMR_A). Potato inoculation with B. subtilis strain KPS-11 increased the root/shoot length and root/shoot weight of potato as compared to non-inoculated control plants. Moreover, rifampicin-resistant derivative of KPS-11 were able to survive in the rhizosphere and on the roots of potato up to 60 days showing its colonization potential. The study indicates that B. subtilis strain KPS-11 can be a potential candidate for development of potato inoculum in P-deficient soils.

  19. First Streptococcus pyogenes signature-tagged mutagenesis screen identifies novel virulence determinants.

    PubMed

    Kizy, Anne E; Neely, Melody N

    2009-05-01

    The virulence of bacterial pathogens is a complex process that requires the dynamic expression of many genes for the pathogens to invade and circumvent host defenses, as well as to proliferate in vivo. In this study, we employed a large-scale screen, signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM), to identify Streptococcus pyogenes virulence genes important for pathogenesis within the host. Approximately 1,200 STM mutants were created and screened using the zebrafish infectious disease model. The transposon insertion site was identified for 29 of the 150 mutants that were considered attenuated for virulence. Previously reported streptococcal virulence genes, such as mga, hasA, amrA, smeZ, and two genes in the sil locus, were identified, confirming the utility of the model for revealing genes important for virulence. Multiple genes not previously implicated in virulence were also identified, including genes encoding putative transporters, hypothetical cytosolic proteins, and macrolide efflux pumps. The STM mutant strains display various levels of attenuation, and multiple separate insertions were identified in either the same gene or the same locus, suggesting that these factors are important for this type of acute, invasive infection. We further examined two such genes, silB and silC of a putative quorum-sensing regulon, and determined that they are significant virulence factors in our model of necrotizing fasciitis. sil locus promoter expression was examined under various in vitro conditions, as well as in zebrafish tissues, and was found to be differentially induced. This study was a unique investigation of S. pyogenes factors required for successful invasive infection.

  20. Isooctane transport and remediation in soil using lysimeters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colarieti, M. L.; Toscano, G.; Greco, G.

    2009-04-01

    The AMRA lysimeter station (near Piana di Monte Verna, Caserta, Italy) consists of eight weighable monolithic groundwater lysimeters fully equipped with sensors to provide continuous monitoring of temperature, humidity, water tension and weight, as well as ports for soil, liquid and gas sampling. An air-injection system allows to perform venting or sparging actions into contaminated soils and groundwater. A meteo station provides the indispensable data to evaluate the interactions between lysimeters and the meteorological phenomena on site. A preliminary experiment was performed last year to investigate the reactive transport of a NAPL-type contaminant under passive transport conditions and during an air-venting remediation action. 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (isooctane) was chosen as a representative contaminant from gasoline fuels. Four lysimeters containing undisturbed soil extracted from a former industrial site were used. Surface vegetation was cut to avoid leaves interference during contamination phase. Two lysimeters were contaminated by distributing a fixed amount of isooctane onto the soil surface, while two more lysimeters were left uncontaminated for reference. Only for one of the two contaminated lysimeters air was vented through a port at 150 cm depth. Air injection started 30 min after the contamination, lasted all the experiment time, and was applied also to one of the reference lysimeters. Gas samples were drawn periodically at different depths of the two contaminated lysimeters and analysed for isooctane content. Evolution of isooctane concentration profiles was different in the two contaminated lysimeters. In case of air-venting the contaminant maximum concentration was lower and the maximum depth reached by the contaminant was reduced. The time needed for a complete remediation action was compared with theoretical estimates computed according to normative procedures.

  1. Isolation and characterization of a β-propeller gene containing phosphobacterium Bacillus subtilis strain KPS-11 for growth promotion of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

    PubMed Central

    Hanif, Muhammad Kashif; Hameed, Sohail; Imran, Asma; Naqqash, Tahir; Shahid, Muhammad; Van Elsas, Jan D.

    2015-01-01

    Phosphate-solubilizing and phytate-mineralizing bacteria collectively termed as phosphobacteria provide a sustainable approach for managing P-deficiency in agricultural soils by supplying inexpensive phosphate to plants. A phosphobacterium Bacillus subtilis strain KPS-11 (Genbank accession no. KP006655) was isolated from potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) rhizosphere and characterized for potato plant growth promoting potential. The strain utilized both Ca-phosphate and Na-phytate in vitro and produced 6.48 μg mL-1 indole-3-acetic acid in tryptophan supplemented medium. P-solubilization after 240 h was 66.4 μg mL-1 alongwith the production of 19.3 μg mL-1 gluconic acid and 5.3 μg mL-1 malic acid. The extracellular phytase activity was higher (4.3 × 10-10 kat mg-1 protein) than the cell-associated phytase activity (1.6 × 10-10 kat mg-1 protein). B. subtilis strain KPS-11 utilized 40 carbon sources and showed resistance against 20 chemicals in GENIII micro-plate system demonstrating its metabolic potential. Phytase-encoding gene β-propeller (BPP) showed 92% amino acid similarity to BPP from B. subtilis (accession no.WP_014114128.1) and 83% structural similarity to BPP from B. subtilis (accession no 3AMR_A). Potato inoculation with B. subtilis strain KPS-11 increased the root/shoot length and root/shoot weight of potato as compared to non-inoculated control plants. Moreover, rifampicin-resistant derivative of KPS-11 were able to survive in the rhizosphere and on the roots of potato up to 60 days showing its colonization potential. The study indicates that B. subtilis strain KPS-11 can be a potential candidate for development of potato inoculum in P-deficient soils. PMID:26106383

  2. An assessment of the costs and benefits of interventions aimed at improving rural community water supplies in developed countries.

    PubMed

    Hunter, Paul R; Pond, Kathy; Jagals, Paul; Cameron, John

    2009-06-01

    We report a cost benefit analyses (CBA) for water interventions in rural populations of developed country sub-regions. A Bayesian belief network was used to estimate the cost benefit ratio using Monte Carlo simulation. Where possible we used input data from recently published primary research or systematic reviews. Otherwise variables were derived from previous work in the peer-reviewed or grey literature. For these analyses we considered the situation of people with small and very small community supplies that may not be adequately managed. For the three developed country sub-regions Amr-A (America region A), Eur-A (European region A) and Wpr-A (Western Pacific region A), we estimate the costs of acute diarrhoeal illness associated with small community supplies to be U$4671 million (95% CI 1721-9592), the capital costs of intervention to be USD 13703 million (95% CI 6670-20735), additional annual maintenance to be USD 804 million (95%CI 359-1247) and the CB ratio to be 2.78 (95%CI 0.86-6.5). However, we also estimated the cost of post infectious irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) following drinking water-associated acute gastroenteritis to be USD 11896 million (95%CI 3118-22657). When the benefits of reduced IBS are added to the analysis the CB ratio increases to 9.87 (95%CI 3.34-20.49). The most important driver of uncertainty was the estimate of the cost of illness. However, there are very few good estimates of costs in improving management of small rural supplies in the literature. Investments in drinking-water provision in rural settings are highly cost beneficial in the developed world. In the developed world, the CB ratio is substantially positive especially once the impact of IBS is included.

  3. Feasibility of MR-Based Body Composition Analysis in Large Scale Population Studies.

    PubMed

    West, Janne; Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof; Romu, Thobias; Collins, Rory; Garratt, Steve; Bell, Jimmy D; Borga, Magnus; Thomas, Louise

    Quantitative and accurate measurements of fat and muscle in the body are important for prevention and diagnosis of diseases related to obesity and muscle degeneration. Manually segmenting muscle and fat compartments in MR body-images is laborious and time-consuming, hindering implementation in large cohorts. In the present study, the feasibility and success-rate of a Dixon-based MR scan followed by an intensity-normalised, non-rigid, multi-atlas based segmentation was investigated in a cohort of 3,000 subjects. 3,000 participants in the in-depth phenotyping arm of the UK Biobank imaging study underwent a comprehensive MR examination. All subjects were scanned using a 1.5 T MR-scanner with the dual-echo Dixon Vibe protocol, covering neck to knees. Subjects were scanned with six slabs in supine position, without localizer. Automated body composition analysis was performed using the AMRA Profiler™ system, to segment and quantify visceral adipose tissue (VAT), abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) and thigh muscles. Technical quality assurance was performed and a standard set of acceptance/rejection criteria was established. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all volume measurements and quality assurance metrics. Of the 3,000 subjects, 2,995 (99.83%) were analysable for body fat, 2,828 (94.27%) were analysable when body fat and one thigh was included, and 2,775 (92.50%) were fully analysable for body fat and both thigh muscles. Reasons for not being able to analyse datasets were mainly due to missing slabs in the acquisition, or patient positioned so that large parts of the volume was outside of the field-of-view. In conclusion, this study showed that the rapid UK Biobank MR-protocol was well tolerated by most subjects and sufficiently robust to achieve very high success-rate for body composition analysis. This research has been conducted using the UK Biobank Resource.

  4. NOSS science working group

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The members of the NOSS Science Working Group are John Apel, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratories/NOAA; Tim Barnett, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Francis Bretherton (chairman), National Center for Atmospheric Research; Otis Brown, University of Miami; Joost Businger, University of Washington; Garrett Campbell, NCAR; Mark Cane, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Robert Edwards, National Marine Fisheries Service/NOAA; James Mueller, Naval Postgraduate School; Peter Niiler, Oregon State University; James J. O'Brien, Florida State University; Norman Phillips, National Meteorological Center/NOAA; Owen Phillips, The Johns Hopkins University; Stephen Piacsek, NSTL Station, NORDA; Trevor Platt, Bedford Institute of Oceanography; Stephen Pond, University of British Columbia; Stanley Ruttenberg (executive secretary), NCAR; William Schmitz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Jerry Schubel, State University of New York; Robert Stewart, Scripps; Norbert Untersteiner, NOAA; and Alan Weinstein, Naval Environmental Prediction Research Facility.

  5. Felt stigma and obesity: introducing the generalized other.

    PubMed

    Barlösius, Eva; Philipps, Axel

    2015-04-01

    People with a big body are tainted in western societies. Although most research on obesity occurs in the medical context, few studies investigate characteristics and effects of feelings and fears related to the fat stigma in the absence of overt discrimination. By linking Norbert Elias's and George H. Mead's theoretical frameworks, this paper offers a different approach to understanding and investigating felt stigma. The study is based on secondary data (25 semistructured interviews with children and adolescents). It explores internalized societal perspectives on overweight and obesity and inquires into the way in which interviewees handle the blame frame of personal responsibility during their interview. The preliminary findings suggest that specific forms of managing one's self-presentation in interviews indicate felt stigma. Consequently, the paper argues for an analytical approach that extends the focus on the content of interviews to include its dynamics.

  6. Jagd nach dem O'Conell-Effekt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reichmann, Norbert

    2013-03-01

    In the present paper, I focus on the O'Connell effect of the WUMa variable V502 Cyg, with the main aim of showing it in the lightcurve. 166 observations were collected in V and B band (100 and 66 measurements, respectively) from my private observatory in Kästenberg, Austria, Ossiacher Tauern, at an elevation of 890 m. All data were acquired with an Apo 130/1200 and an Apogee Alta U16M CCD camera. Photometric colour band and narrowband data were collected simultaneously and evaluated. The combination of photometric data with data for deep-sky imaging I have termed "pretty-picture-photometry". This combination of photometric measurements with colour and narrowband data is presented here in the case of V502 Cyg in its surrounding deep-sky field. Norbert Reichman is member of the BAV.

  7. [Colective process of knowledge production in health: an overview in hospital nursing practice].

    PubMed

    Meyer, Dagmar Elisabeth Estermann

    2006-01-01

    The article presents some reflections based on the authors'participation in a workshop when the subject: colective processes of knowledge production in health was discussed. Based on other authors' ideas such as Michel Focault and Norbert Elias, the author's discussion concerns some dimensions over that process in a particular knowledge considering the hospital setting and also the position of specific nursing know-how in the context of professional practice (nursing records), with central focus in the work, the disease, and the sick body. In that direction the text is structured around three inter-related/dependent central questions: which knowledge configure nursing know how in hospital context? Which registered knowledge reinforce, legitimate and feed-back the nursing know how? How does this process occur, what and for who are those effects?

  8. Philosophical Approaches towards Sciences of Life in Early Cybernetics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montagnini, Leone

    2008-07-01

    The article focuses on the different conceptual and philosophical approaches towards the sciences of life operating in the backstage of Early Cybernetics. After a short reconstruction of the main steps characterizing the origins of Cybernetics, from 1940 until 1948, the paper examines the complementary conceptual views between Norbert Wiener and John von Neumann, as a "fuzzy thinking" versus a "logical thinking", and the marked difference between the "methodological individualism" shared by both of them versus the "methodological collectivism" of most of the numerous scientists of life and society attending the Macy Conferences on Cybernetics. The main thesis sustained here is that these different approaches, quite invisible to the participants, were different, maybe even opposite, but they could provoke clashes, as well as cooperate in a synergic way.

  9. Social scientists in public health: a fuzzy approach.

    PubMed

    do Nascimento, Juliana Luporini; Stephan, Celso; Nunes, Everardo Duarte

    2015-05-01

    This study aims to describe and analyze the presence of social scientists, anthropologists, sociologists and political scientists in the field of public health. A survey by the Lattes Curriculum and sites of Medical Colleges, Institutes of Health Research Collective, seeking professionals who work in healthcare and have done some stage of their training in the areas of social sciences. In confluence with Norbert Elias' concepts of social networks and configuration of interdependence it was used fuzzy logic, and the tool free statistical software R version 2.12.0 which enabled a graphic representation of social scientists interdependence in the field of social sciences-health-social sciences. A total of 238 professionals were ready in 6 distinct clusters according to the distance or closer of each professional in relation to public health and social sciences. The work was shown with great analytical and graphical representation possibilities for social sciences of health, in using this innovative quantitative methodology.

  10. ON THE PRAGMATICS OF SOCIAL THEORY: THE CASE OF ELIAS'S "ON THE PROCESS OF CIVILIZATION".

    PubMed

    DA Silva, Filipe Carreira; Bucholc, Marta

    2016-09-01

    This paper proposes a new approach to the study of sociological classics. This approach is pragmatic in character. It draws upon the social pragmatism of G. H. Mead and the sociology of texts of D. F. McKenzie. Our object of study is Norbert Elias's On the Process of Civilization. The pragmatic genealogy of this book reveals the importance of taking materiality seriously. By documenting the successive entanglements between human agency and nonhuman factors, we discuss the origins of the book in the 1930s, how it was forgotten for 30 years, and how in the mid-1970s it became a sociological classic. We explain canonization as a matter of fusion between book's material form and its content, in the context of the paperback revolution of the 1960s, the events of May 1968, and the demise of Parsons' structural functionalism, and how this provided Elias with an opportunity to advance his model of sociology.

  11. [Project HOPE contribution to the setting up of the professional identity of the first nurses from Alagoas, 1973-1977].

    PubMed

    Costa, Laís de Miranda Crispim; dos Santos, Regina Maria; Santos, Tânia Cristina Franco; Trezza, Maria Cristina Soares Figueiredo; Leite, Josete Luzia

    2014-01-01

    Social-historical study conducted to examine the contribution of the American Nurses of Project HOPE to the configuration of the professional identity of the first trained nurses in Alagoas, in the period of 1973-1977. The theoretical framework was the "Civilizing Process" of Norbert Elias. Primary sources were official documents and personal files of 13 respondents by oral history; the secondary sources were authors of the History of Brazil/Alagoas. Data analysis showed that the configuration of the professional identity of the first trained nurses in Alagoas was a civilizing process, with all the nuances that make up the power relations. There was a significant contribution of American Nursing. However the movement of resistance to this domination was very strong, resulting in a Course that could take advantage of technological advancement and prestige brought by the United States, to build a unique Nursing from the social fabric embroidery at this meeting with so many different cultures.

  12. [Gender relations and interdependence: reflections on changes in the hospital configuration].

    PubMed

    Pereira, Audrey Vidal; Rotenberg, Lúcia; Oliveira, Simone Santos

    2013-01-01

    The article analyzes changes that have occurred in hospitals over the years, with a focus on the dynamics of gender relations as experienced by healthcare workers. We use the notions of configuration and interdependence, taken from Norbert Elias' theory of the civilizing process, along with discussions of gender relations at work; drawing from Michel Foucault, we also reference the disciplinary practices employed down through hospital history. This linkage of discussions on gender issues and on interdependent relations opens up to a reflection on conflicts of interests, power struggles, and the balance of tensions, which in turn makes it possible to problematize gender inequalities with the ultimate aim of achieving an interdisciplinary effort that will promote health care of an integral nature.

  13. [Rachel Haddock Lobo: her professional life and her contribution to REBEn].

    PubMed

    Santos, Tânia Cristina Franco; Oliveira, Sonô Taíra

    2002-01-01

    This is a historical study that analyses the formation process of the professional habitus of Rachel Haddock Lobo through the reconstruction of her biography. It also analyses her contribution as 1st editor in chief of Revista Annaes de Enfermagem (Brazilian Journal of Nursing), in 1932, which is currently called Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem. The preferential primary sources of this study included written documents and the oral testimony of one of Rachel Haddock Lobo's family members. Both sources were obtained from Centro de Documentação da Escola de Enfermagem Ana Nery (Documentation Center of Ana Neri School of Nursing). Data were analyzed through the concepts of habitus and social configuration by Norbert Elias. The analysis showed that Rachel Haddock Lobo gave expressive contribution to the creation process of the journal referred, which, on its turn, had an strategic importance on the formation of the identity of the Brazilian nursing professionals at that time.

  14. Novel procedure for characterizing nonlinear systems with memory and combating the curse of dimensionality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nuttall, A. H.; Katz, R. A.; Hughes, D. R.; Koch, R. M.

    2015-10-01

    A well-known mathematical model for characterizing nonlinear systems was originally proposed by Vito Volterra (1860-1940) and later developed by Norbert Wiener (1894-1964). More recently, Albert Nuttall, working with coauthors, has made substantial improvements to Wiener's approach, in which kernel estimates are modeled directly rather than computed from Wiener functionals. Other enhancements made include kernel estimation using a least-square approach for obtaining a best fit to the measured system response, and procedural methods to obtain uncorrelated column-wise basis vectors in the design matrix. These techniques, among others, include: maximally-sparse sampling of the kernels (for first-, second- and third-order), combatting ill-conditioning on its own terms, and realizing an exponential decrease of the growth of the number of kernel coefficients.

  15. Heliophysics: Active Stars, their Astrospheres, and Impacts on Planetary Environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schrijver, C. J.; Bagenal, F.; Sojka, J. J.

    2016-04-01

    Preface; 1. Introduction Carolus J. Schrijver, Frances Bagenal and Jan J. Sojka; 2. Solar explosive activity throughout the evolution of the Solar System Rachel Osten; 3. Astrospheres, stellar winds, and the interstellar medium Brian Wood and Jeffrey L. Linsky; 4. Effects of stellar eruptions throughout astrospheres Ofer Cohen; 5. Characteristics of planetary systems Debra Fischer and Ji Wang; 6. Planetary dynamos: updates and new frontiers Sabine Stanley; 7. Climates of terrestrial planets David Brain; 8. Upper atmospheres of the giant planets Luke Moore, Tom Stallard and Marina Garland; 9. Aeronomy of terrestrial upper atmospheres David E. Siskind and Stephen W. Bougher; 10. Moons, asteroids, and comets interacting with their surroundings Margaret G. Kivelson; 11. Dusty plasmas Mihály Horányi; 12. Energetic-particle environments in the Solar System Norbert Krupp; 13. Heliophysics with radio scintillation and occultation Mario M. Bisi; Appendix 1. Authors and editors; List of illustrations; List of tables; References; Index.

  16. Proceedings of: 2005 Particle Acceleration Confence

    SciTech Connect

    Henderson, Stuart

    2006-01-01

    The 21st Particle Accelerator Conference, PAC05, took place at the Knoxville Convention Center (KCC) from Monday through Friday, May 16-20, 2005. Sponsored by the American Physical Society (APS), the Institute of Electrics and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) with its subdivision of Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society (NPSS), the conference was hosted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Project and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab). The conference was chaired by Norbert Holtkamp, and the Local Organizing Committee was made up of staff from the ORNL SNS Project under the chairmanship of Stuart Henderson. The conference welcomed over 1400 delegates from the United States, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, South America and from as far away as Australia. Almost 1400 papers where processed during the conference and will be published on the Joint Accelerator Conferences Website (JACoW) page.

  17. Early Rockets

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-04-15

    During the 19th century, rocket enthusiasts and inventors began to appear in almost every country. Some people thought these early rocket pioneers were geniuses, and others thought they were crazy. Claude Ruggieri, an Italian living in Paris, apparently rocketed small animals into space as early as 1806. The payloads were recovered by parachute. As depicted here by artist Larry Toschik, French authorities were not always impressed with rocket research. They halted Ruggieri's plans to launch a small boy using a rocket cluster. (Reproduced from a drawing by Larry Toschik and presented here courtesy of the artist and Motorola Inc.)

  18. STS-46 ESA MS Nicollier and PLC Hoffman pose on OV-104's aft flight deck

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier (left) and MS and Payload Commander (PLC) Jeffrey A. Hoffman pose in front of the onorbit station controls on the aft flight deck of Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104. The overhead windows W7 and W8 appear above their heads and the aft flight deck viewing windows W9 and W10 behind them. Hoffman and Nicollier have been training together for a dozen years at JSC. Hoffman was an astronaut candidate in 1978 and Nicollier accompanied a group of trainees in 1980. Note the partially devoured chocolate Space Shuttle floating near the two.

  19. The United States, Vietnam, and the National Interest.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-01

    California THESIS 1: ) THE UNITED STATES, VIETNAM, AND THE NATIONAL INTEREST, by John G.: Karas MarcA -98l Thesis Advisor: Claude A. Buss Approved for public...the use of the atomic bomb against Japan. As it had throughout World War II, the United States in the immediate postwar era continued to pay primary...relatively freely, were now required to not only pay taxes but were also required to pay rent to landlords who sat safely in Saigon. Under pressure from the

  20. The Antiaircraft Journal. Volume 95, Number 4, July-August 1952

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1952-08-01

    It stood out like a painted picture in green in an ocean of blue . Oval in shape, the surf break- ing on the white beaches, its coconut trees swaying in...trying to’ find a life raft in the vast blue ocean was like hunting the pro- verbial needle in a haystack. At times we would spot an autline on the...water that strangly resembled a raft, but an gaing dawn to examine it found it to be a cluster of seaweed ar merely the shadaw af a claud an the blue

  1. STS-46 ESA MS Nicollier conducts IFM on OV-104's waste collection system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier, wearing goggles, face mask, and rubber gloves, reviews inflight maintenance (IFM) checklist procedures before starting waste collection system (WCS) fan separator repair. One of two fan separators used to transfer waster water from the waste management compartment (WMC) to the waste water tank has failed. The suspected accumulation of water in the separator was believed to have occurred during a test dumping of waste water at a lower than normal pressure to evaluate the performance of new nozzles. The WMC is located on the middeck of Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104.

  2. Taking a geometric look at the socio-political functioning schemes of the living. Catastrophe theory and theoretical sociology.

    PubMed

    Morier, Clément

    2013-09-01

    The aim of this communication is to consider morphological processes in sociology, mainly through the study of the stability of forms of sociality. At the same time, it aims to study the regulation of constraints, related to an increasingly conflictual environment, through political organization. We use a specific theoretical framework: the catastrophe theory developed by René Thom in topology, further developed by Claude Bruter from a physics point of view, and reworked by Jacques Viret in biology. The idea is to show the existence of archetypal processes organizing social forms.

  3. The frayed end of the tether portion of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) is seen at the end of

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    The frayed end of the tether portion of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) is seen at the end of the supportive boom. On February 25, 1996, the crew deployed the TSS, which later broke free. The seven member crew was launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on February 22, 1996, and landed on March 9, 1996. Crew members were Andrew M. Allen, mission commander; Scott J. Horowitz, pilot; Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, payload commander; and Maurizio Cheli, European Space Agency (ESA); Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Claude Nicollier (ESA), all mission specialists; along with payload specialist Umberto Guidioni of the Italian Space Agency (ASI).

  4. STS-75 crew preparing for landing

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1996-04-02

    STS075-355-032 (9 March 1996) --- Payload specialist Umberto Guidoni, wearing the shuttle launch and entry garment, prepares for the de-orbit phase of the 16-day flight. Guidoni represents the Italian Space Agency (ASI). The seven member crew was launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on February 22, 1996, and landed on March 9, 1996. Crew members were Andrew M. Allen, mission commander; Scott J. Horowitz, pilot; Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, payload commander; and Maurizio Cheli, European Space Agency (ESA); Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Claude Nicollier, (ESA), all mission specialists; along with Guidoni.

  5. MS Smith and Nicollier on the Discovery's middeck with EMU's

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-12-20

    S103-E-5023 (20 December 1999) --- Astronauts Steven L. Smith (foreground) and Claude Nicollier take an early look at their extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) space suits on Discovery's mid deck near the end of their first full day in space. Smith is payload commander and Nicollier, mission specialist representing the European Space Agency (ESA). The two will participate in space walks to service the Hubble Space Telescope later in the week. The photo was recorded with an electronic still camera (ESC) at 21:52.32 GMT, December 20, 1999.

  6. Macromolecules and Enzymes: The Geneva Heritage from Kurt H. Meyer and Edmond H. Fischer.

    PubMed

    Fischer, Edmond H; Piguet, Alfred

    2009-12-01

    On the 26th May 2009, Edmond Fischer, winner with Ed Krebs of the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1992, and his colleague at the time of his research activities at the Ecole de chimie of the University of Geneva, Alfred Piguet, met with Andreas Hauser, Claude Piguet and Howard Riezman of the Section de chimie et biochimie of the University of Geneva to talk about how they became scientists under the impetus of Kurt H. Meyer and what became of them thereafter.

  7. Zarqawi’s Sfumato: Operational Art in Irregular Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-23

    Journal, 15 June 2006. 5 Claude Salhini, “Method of Zarqawi Madness,” Washington Times, 30 January 2005. 6 Loretta Napoleoni, “Profile of a Killer...Reports on Terrorism 2006, open-file report, (Washington, DC, 2006), 270. 103 Ibid., 270. 104 Loretta Napoleoni, “Profile of a Killer,” Foreign Policy...Driven by Iraq, Voters Want New Approach,” New York Times (November 2, 2006). Napoleoni, Loretta . “Profile of a Killer.” Foreign Policy 151 (Nov/Dec 2005

  8. Ambient Noise and Surface Wave Dissipation in the Ocean

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-21

    9 Ckq0 s I I follows hm the rlgi-hanmd nru A third coordinate system based on the wire wave gauge array was also defined such that the army x-axis...their research followed up in the literatum As we mentioned in our review, the research in wave and ambient noie relationship is relatively sparse. We...I AD-A279 650 AM’BIET NOISE AND SURFACE WAVE DISSIPATION IN THE OCEAN Q) I by S.tais C. Feliardo S. in C invl I Wagm Claude, 1985 Unhiaity of the

  9. Experimenting with styles of living: Bernard, Canguilhem and type 2 diabetes education.

    PubMed

    Ljungdalh, Anders Kruse

    2013-09-01

    The paper links a debate in the history of medical science between statistics and the experimental method with contemporary diabetes educational practices. An empirical example of a tension between neglect and concern in diabetes self-regulation frames the subsequent theoretical discussion between first, Claude Bernard and statistics and afterwards, Georges Canguilhem as a correlative to Bernard. Through these philosophers of medical science a connection between the experimental method and education is demonstrated. Finally, a case description of an experimental approach to alcohol and experimentation frames and highlights the educational aspect of the methodological discussion.

  10. TSS-1R during deployment

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1996-02-25

    STS075-711-024 (25 Feb. 1996) --- The Tethered Satellite System (TSS) is seen as it is reeled out during early stages of deployment operations. The crew deployed the TSS, which later broke free. The seven member crew was launched aboard the space shuttle Columbia on Feb. 22, 1996, and landed on March 9, 1996. Crewmembers were Andrew M. Allen, mission commander; Scott J. Horowitz, pilot; Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, payload commander; and Maurizio Cheli European Space Agency (ESA); Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Claude Nicollier, ESA, all mission specialists; along with payload specialist Umberto Guidoni of the Italian Space Agency (ASI).

  11. PURIFICATION AND MOLECULAR WEIGHT DETERMINATION OF CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM TYPE E TOXIN

    PubMed Central

    Gerwing, Julia; Dolman, Claude E.; Reichmann, M. E.; Bains, Hardial S.

    1964-01-01

    Gerwing, Julia (The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada), Claude E. Dolman, M. E. Reichmann, and Hardial S. Bains. Purification and molecular weight determination of Clostridium botulinum type E toxin. J. Bacteriol. 88:216–219. 1964.—A method was developed whereby type E botulinus toxin can be obtained in a highly purified state by elution through acidified diethylaminoethyl-cellulose columns. The material thus isolated appears to be electrophoretically and ultracentrifugally homogeneous. A molecular weight of 18,600 was calculated for the toxin. Images PMID:14197891

  12. The Quest for Relevant Air Power: Continental European Responses to the Air Power Challenges of the Post-Cold War Era

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    de l’armée de terre ) contained slightly more than 700 utility, transport, and combat helicopters as well as a couple of fixed-wing aircraft. Ad...Experience in Africa (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1989), 2. 3. André Martel, “Conduire la défense: les institutions, les forces, les al- liances,” in Histoire ...365; and Claude Carlier, “L’aéronautique et l’espace, 1945–1993,” chap. 10, in Martel, Histoire militaire de la France, Tome 4, 456–59, 462. 5

  13. Study of Semiconductor Clusters by Local Inverse Photo Emission

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    00511 91 5 24 0’ 5 IU!tl/H~illi~~ STM Publications Semiconductors and Surfaces Dror Sarid , Brian P. McGinnis, and Tammy D. Henson, "Four-wave mixing...Los Angeles 10-17 January (1988). Dror Sarid , Tammy D. Henson, L. Stephen Bell, and Claude J. Sandroff, "Scanning tunneling microscopy of semiconductor...clusters,"J. Vac. Sci. and Tech. A 6, 424 (1988). Dror Sarid , Tammy D. Henson, Neal Armstrong, and L. Stephen Bell, "Probing of Basal Planes of MoS 2

  14. The Space Shuttle Columbia clears the tower to begin the mission. The liftoff occurred on schedule

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-75 LAUNCH VIEW --- The Space Shuttle Columbia clears the tower to begin the mission. The liftoff occurred on schedule at 3:18:00 p.m. (EST), February 22, 1996. Visible at left is the White Room on the orbiter access arm through which the flight crew had entered the orbiter. Onboard Columbia for the scheduled two-week mission were astronauts Andrew M. Allen, commander; Scott J. Horowitz, pilot; Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, payload commander; and astronauts Maurizio Cheli, Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Claude Nicollier, along with payload specialist Umberto Guidioni. Cheli and Nicollier represent the European Space Agency (ESA), while Guidioni represents the Italian Space Agency (ASI).

  15. A remote camera at Launch Pad 39B, at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), recorded this profile view of

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    STS-75 LAUNCH VIEW --- A remote camera at Launch Pad 39B, at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), recorded this profile view of the Space Shuttle Columbia as it cleared the tower to begin the mission. The liftoff occurred on schedule at 3:18:00 p.m. (EST), February 22, 1996. Onboard Columbia for the scheduled two-week mission were astronauts Andrew M. Allen, commander; Scott J. Horowitz, pilot; Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, payload commander; and astronauts Maurizio Cheli, Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Claude Nicollier, along with payload specialist Umberto Guidioni. Cheli and Nicollier represent the European Space Agency (ESA), while Guidioni represents the Italian Space Agency (ASI).

  16. Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy (8th), 19-23 September 1983 (Colloque sur la Spectroscopie Moleculaire a Haute Resolution (Huitieme), 19-23 Septembre 1983).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-23

    avec lea autres State. A FITTING PROCEDURE FOP EXTENSIVELY PERTURBED HAMILTONIANS APPLICATION TO THE A1I- STATE OF CO ANDRE LE FLOCH AND JEAN MASSON...BENICHOU, Jean -Claude DEROCHE Laboratoire d’Infrarouge, Associg au C.N.R.S. Universitf de Paris-Sud, Bitiment 350 91405 ORSAY Cfdex, France Le pompage...MEUDON, FRANCE and Jean -Yves RONCIN Equipe de Spectroscopie, C.N.R.S. (L.A. 171, Universitis de Lyon I et Saint-Etienne) 158 bis Cours Fauriel, 42023

  17. ["Kaitai-Shinsho": a change of languages and concepts].

    PubMed

    Okada, Masanobu

    2003-07-01

    The translation of "Outleedkundige Tafelen (Dutch) [Anatomische Tabellen (German)]" to "Kaitai-Shinsho" by Gempaku Sugita and others was not the mere substitution of Dutch for Japanese. They responded to the writing according to the situation of the change to modern medicine from the medicine of ancient-medieval times based on Galen's teachings, by using the Japanese culture of those days in a form of "bricolage" (a term used by Claude Levi-Strauss), in combination with Western medicine, leading to its establishment as Japanese medicine. That is, their work was not a mere translation, but an innovation of Japanese medical language system.

  18. [Autonomic nervous system disorders in 230 cases of basilar impression and Arnold-Chiari deformity].

    PubMed

    da Silva, J A; Brito, J C; da Nóbrega, P V

    1992-11-01

    Within the period of 1971 to 1989 we operated on 230 cases of craniocervical malformations characterised by 189 cases of basilar impression associated with Arnold-chiari malformation, 28 cases of isolated basilar impression and 13 cases of Arnold-Chiari malformation. Autonomic disturbance was observed in 136 (59.1%) cases: sexual disorders like reduced potency and impotency were observed in 86 (60.9%) out of 141 male patients, urinary symptoms in 39 (17%) patients; and other autonomic features like dyspnea, anhidrosis, hyperhidrosis, Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome and constipation in 41 (17.8%) patients.

  19. Resourceful blogging: using a blog for information sharing.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Daniel T; Yowell, Susan S

    2008-01-01

    In an effort to help raise awareness about the need for disaster planning in health sciences libraries, emergency response planners at the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library at the University of Virginia considered how best to promote the idea and provide a forum for gathering and exchanging information, while maintaining control over content in order to keep the focus and the quality of the entries consistent. The blog they created has been successful in providing much-needed assistance to hospital libraries and other libraries, both large and small, as well as for individuals and other organizations worldwide.

  20. Various view with fish-eye lens of STS-103 crew on aft flight deck

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2000-01-28

    STS103-375-019 (19-27 December 1999) ---.Six members of the STS-103 crew are seen in this "fish-eye" lens scene taken on Discovery's flight deck during the deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). From left are astronauts Jean-Francois Clervoy, C. Michael Foale, Claude Nicollier, Curtis L. Brown, Jr., John M. Grunsfeld and Scott J. Kelly. Brown and Kelly are commander and pilot, respectively. All the others are mission specialists, with international MS Nicollier and Clervoy representing the European Space Agency (ESA). Astronaut Steven L. Smith, payload commander, took the photo.

  1. STS-46 ESA MS Nicollier conducts IFM on OV-104's waste collection system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier, wearing goggles, face mask, and rubber gloves, reviews inflight maintenance (IFM) checklist procedures before starting waste collection system (WCS) fan separator repair. One of two fan separators used to transfer waster water from the waste management compartment (WMC) to the waste water tank has failed. The suspected accumulation of water in the separator was believed to have occurred during a test dumping of waste water at a lower than normal pressure to evaluate the performance of new nozzles. The WMC is located on the middeck of Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104.

  2. Multiscale Materials Science - A Mathematical Approach to the Role of Defects and Uncertainty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-28

    AFRL-AFOSR-UK-TR-2016-0034 Multiscale materials science - a mathematical approach to the role of defects and uncertainty Claude Le Bris ECOLE... science - a mathematical approach to the role of defects and uncertainty 5a.  CONTRACT NUMBER 5b.  GRANT NUMBER FA8655-13-1-3061 5c.  PROGRAM ELEMENT...1FORM SF 298 10/31/2016https://livelink.ebs.afrl.af.mil/livelink/llisapi.dll Contract FA 8655-13-1-3061 Multiscale materials science : a mathematical

  3. Official portrait of the STS-46 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, crew

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-02-26

    STS046-S-002 (May 1992) --- The crew members assigned to the STS-46 mission pose with seven flags that represent participation on the flight. Loren J. Shriver (right front) is mission commander; Andrew M. Allen (left front) is pilot. Others are (left to right) Marsha S. Ivins, mission specialist; Claude Nicollier, mission specialist representing the European Space Agency (ESA); Jeffrey A. Hoffman, payload commander; Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, mission specialist; and Franco Malerba, flying for the Italian Space Agency (ASI). The flags, left to right, represent the United States of America, Costa Rica (Chang's native country), Italy, Switzerland (Nicollier's homeland), NASA, ESA and ASI.

  4. STS-75 Flight Day 7

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    On this seventh day of the STS-75 mission, the flight crew, Cmdr. Andrew Allen, Pilot Scott Horowitz, Payload Cmdr. Franklin Chang-Diaz, Payload Specialist Umberto Guidoni (Italy), and Mission Specialists Jeffrey Hoffman, Maurizio Cheli (ESA) and Claude Nicollier (ESA), are shown performing several of the United States Microgravity Payload-3 (USMP-3) experiments. There is an in-orbit interview by several of the astronauts with newspaper reporters. An announcement is made by Mission Control that Cmdr. Allen has become the first American Astronaut to log 1000 flight hours in space, with Payload Cmdr. Franklin Chang-Diaz coming in second.

  5. Space Shuttle Projects

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-10-05

    Astronauts included in the STS-61 crew portrait include (standing in rear left to right) Richard O. Covey, commander; and mission specialists Jeffrey A. Hoffman, and Thomas D. Akers. Seated left to right are Kenneth D. Bowersox, pilot; Kathryn C. Thornton, mission specialist; F. Story Musgrave, payload commander; and Claude Nicollier, mission specialist. Launched aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavor on December 2, 1993 at 4:27:00 am (EST), the STS-61 mission was the first Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission, and the last mission of 1993.

  6. STS-61 crew portrait

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-10-01

    STS061-S-002 (1 Oct. 1993) --- These seven NASA astronauts are currently in training for the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission, scheduled for later this year. Astronaut Richard O. Covey, mission commander, is standing at left, with astronaut Kenneth D. Bowersox, pilot, seated at left. The five mission specialists for the mission are (left to right, seated) astronauts Kathryn C. Thornton and F. Story Musgrave, and the European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Claude Nicollier; and (left to right, standing), astronauts Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Thomas D. Akers. Musgrave, Akers, Thornton and Hoffman are all assigned to participate in five total sessions of extravehicular activity (EVA) for the servicing tasks.

  7. Unofficial On-board STS-61 crew portrait

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-05

    STS061-11-004 (2-13 Dec 1993) --- Traditional inflight portrait for the crew of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission. On the front row are the three crew members who assisted from inside the Space Shuttle Endeavour's cabin throughout the five space walks. They are, left to right, Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier, mission specialist, along with astronauts Kenneth D. Bowersox, pilot; and Richard O. Covey, mission commander. Back row -- all space walkers on this flight -- are astronauts F. Story Musgrave, payload commander; Jeffrey A. Hoffman, Kathryn D. Thornton and Thomas D. Akers, all mission specialists.

  8. Landing of STS-61 Shuttle Endeavour at Kennedy Space Center

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-13

    STS061-S-071 (13 Dec 1993) --- A rear view of the Space Shuttle Endeavour as it touches down on the Shuttle Landing Facility at Kennedy Space Center (KSC), at 05:25:57:27 GMT (12:26 a.m. EST) December 13, 1993. Onboard the spacecraft were Richard O. Covey, mission commander; Kenneth D. Bowersox, pilot; mission specialists Thomas D. Akers; Jeffrey A. Hoffman; F. Story Musgrave; Kathryn C. Thornton and Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier. This is the second night landing at KSC in the history of the Shuttle Program.

  9. Introduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eberly, J. H.

    1998-04-01

    The past few years have seen remarkable developments in the ability to control atomic motion by optical techniques. Among the key tools that have been developed for this purpose are the techniques of laser cooling, the significance of which was recognized by the award of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, and William Phillips. These techniques have made it possible to cool atoms to temperatures lower than have been produced in any other physical system - around 10(-8) degrees Kelvin above absolute zero - and to confine those in traps for extended periods of observation.

  10. The Diplomacy of the Jaguar: French Airpower in Postcolonial African Conflicts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    flying from N’Djamena to support CAR forces trying to repel Chadian 5 rebel columns. Throughout the operation, Atlantic mari - time patrol aircraft from...Claude d’Abzac, Marie -Catherine Dubreil, and François Pernot. Abrégé d’histoire de l’aéronautique militaire et de l’Armée de l’air. Paris, France...America, 1994. Smith, Dan. Penguin Atlas of War and Peace. 4th edition. New York: Penguin, 2003. Somerville , Keith. Foreign Military Intervention in Africa

  11. [Alcaloids discovery, markers for the history of organic chemistry].

    PubMed

    Fournier, J

    2001-01-01

    The development of organic chemistry is well fitted by the history of dyes. Are alkaloids as good markers? In 1876, Chevreul distinguished two steps in the history of these organic alkalis. The first began with Derosne who analyzed opium in 1803, followed by Seguin and mainly Sertuerner. It was closed about 1820 with Pelletier and Caventou researches, including works of Robiquet and Gomes from Lisbon. Next years, chemists investigated properties and chemical structures. With Pasteur, alkaloids participated to the emergence of stereochemistry, and with Claude Bernard, to the birth of a new science, physiology. Chevreul could not anticipate success of organic synthesis which blooms during the XXth century.

  12. The Legacy of a Founding Father of Modern Cell Biology: George Emil Palade (1912-2008)

    PubMed Central

    Zorca, Suzana M.; Zorca, Cornelia E.

    2011-01-01

    George Emil Palade’s scientific contributions significantly advanced the field of modern cell biology. He pioneered a multidisciplinary approach, combining cell fractionation, biochemistry, and electron microscopy, which led to the identification of the ribosome as the site of protein synthesis and elucidated the eukaryotic secretory pathway. For these accomplishments, Palade, along with Albert Claude and Christian de Duve, won the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. This article provides an overview of Palade’s seminal research in the context of the early developments in the field. PMID:21698042

  13. Congenital Horner Syndrome with Heterochromia Iridis Associated with Ipsilateral Internal Carotid Artery Hypoplasia

    PubMed Central

    Coulier, Julie; Rommel, Denis; Boschi, Antonella

    2015-01-01

    Background Horner syndrome (HS), also known as Claude-Bernard-Horner syndrome or oculosympathetic palsy, comprises ipsilateral ptosis, miosis, and facial anhidrosis. Case Report We report herein the case of a 67-year-old man who presented with congenital HS associated with ipsilateral hypoplasia of the internal carotid artery (ICA), as revealed by heterochromia iridis and confirmed by computed tomography (CT). Conclusions CT evaluation of the skull base is essential to establish this diagnosis and distinguish aplasia from agenesis/hypoplasia (by the absence or hypoplasia of the carotid canal) or from acquired ICA obstruction as demonstrated by angiographic CT. PMID:25749818

  14. STS-103 Flight Day Highlights and Crew Activity Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The crew of Discovery, Mission Commander Curtis L. Brown, Pilot Scott J. Kelly, Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale, John M. Grunsfeld, Claude Nicollier, and Jean-Francois Clervoy are seen executing various activities. Live footage of Clervoy powering up the robotic arm is seen. While Clervoy powers the robotic arm, Brown and Kelly set up the tools for the various different space walks scheduled, Grunsfeld and Nicollier check out the space suits, and Smith and Foale tend to the space walk tools. Foale, Brown, Kelly and Clervoy are also shown participating in a series of interviews.

  15. Unmanned Evaluation of the U.S. Navy MK 15 Closed-Circuit UBA (underwater Breathing Apparatus).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-07-01

    FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION (Figure 5) The MK 15 is a closed circuit rebreather capable of providing approximately 595 liters (21 cu. ft.) of both 02 and a...8217Evaluation of Modified DRAEGER LAR V Closed - Circuit Oxygen Rebreather ,’ James R. Middleton and Claude A. Piantadosi, August i979. 4. NEDU Report 2-80...8217 Unmanned Evaluation of U.S. Navy UBA EX-16 Pre-production Model Closed Circuit Rebreather ,’ James R. Middleton, December 1979. 13 -p.ItI)1& A%0

  16. Astronauts Chang-Diaz, Hoffman and Nicollier eating in their sleep racks

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1996-03-13

    STS075-302-016 (22 Feb.-9 March 1996) --- Soon after reaching Earth orbit, the blue shift team set up what they referred to as a "formal" meal on the space shuttle Columbia's middeck. Left to right are astronauts Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, STS-75 payload commander; Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Claude Nicollier, both mission specialists. Hoffman later told a gathering of Johnson Space Center employees that the meal was accompanied by classical music. Photo credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration

  17. STS-46 crewmembers handle water hoses during fire training at JSC's Fire Pit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, crewmembers, directing the spray of two water hoses, approach a blaze in JSC's Fire Training Pit located across from the Gilruth Center Bldg 207. Manning the hose in the foreground are Commander Loren J. Shriver (left) and Italian Payload Specialist Franco Malerba. Holding a second hose are European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier and MS Franklin R. Chang-Diaz who is aiming nozzle at the fire. Between the water hoses is a fire fighting training instructor. In the distance JSC's water tower and building facilities can be seen.

  18. [Biomedical investigation in Mexico].

    PubMed

    Pérez-Tamayo, Ruy

    2004-01-01

    Biomedical research as a professional specialty developed in the Western World in the following four stages: 1) primitive medicine based on magico-religious concepts; 2) hippocratic medicine (500 AD), which renounced supernatural ideas on disease; 3) scientific medicine (1543), which eschewed tradition and authority, and 4) finally in 1813, the first full-time professional biomedical investigator Claude Bernard was appointed in France. Notheless, the first full-time professional biomedical investigator in Mexico did not appear until 1939, and the number is still growing despite present restrictions to investigator growth and development.

  19. Multiscale Problems in Materials Science: A Mathematical Approach to the Role of Uncertainty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    Claude Lebris, F. Legoll, F. Thomines Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées 6-8, Avenue Blaise Pascal Marne la Vallée 77455, France...5d. TASK NUMBER 5e. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées 6-8, Avenue Blaise ... Pascal Marne la Vallée 77455, France 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER N/A 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS

  20. Physics in the Art Museum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dale, Daniel A.; Bailey, Brenae L.

    2003-02-01

    Parisian artist Paul Signac met the impressionists Claude Monet and Georges Seurat in 1884. Their influence spurred his work in pointillism (or, where the juxtaposition of small dots of color in conjunction with the limited resolving power of the human eye lead to the impression of color coalescence).1-4 To stimulate a cross-disciplinary appreciation of science and art, we used the University of Wyoming Art Museum's Signac painting "Barques de Pêche à Marseilles" (see Fig. 1) to explore diffraction theory and the anatomical limitations to our vision during an optics exercise done in the museum.

  1. F.S.V.B. Volleyball

    SciTech Connect

    2006-06-07

    22me assemblée des délégués de la Fédération Suisse de Volley Ball (F.S.V.B.), en présence entre autres de Claude Delay, représentant de la société fédérale de gymnastique et Hans Gauer, représentant de l'association suisse de gymnastique féminine. Annonce d'une démonstration d'un mini match de volley ball à Meyrin dans l'après-midi.

  2. The dawn of open heart surgery: an overview of the symposium that celebrated the 50th anniversary of controlled cross circulation.

    PubMed

    DeWall, Richard

    2005-01-01

    At the 50th Anniversary of Open Heart Surgery symposium sponsored by the Lillehei Heart Institute of the University of Minnesota in October 2004, the following pioneers in open heart surgery development presented papers of historical interest: Drs. Peter Agre, Robert W. Anderson, William Baumgartner, Alain Carpentier, Aldo Casteneda, Randolph Chitwood, Jr., Denton Cooley, Fred Crawford, Michael DeBakey, Richard DeWall, Vincent Gott, Claude Lenfant, Floyd Loop, James Holler, Glen Nelson, Norman Shumway, Manny Villafana, Richard Weisel, and Sir Magdi Yacoub.

  3. Algebraic Information Theory and Stochastic Resonance for Binary-Input Binary-Output Channels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    Transactions on Neural Networks, 19(12):71–89, 2009. [15] Claude E. Shannon . A mathematical theory of communication. Bell Systems Technical Journal, 27:379...Thus, a (2,2) channel is uniquely identified with a point in the unit square [0, 1]× [0, 1]. Using standard Shannon information theory [15] we have...ND . (7) which is now thresholded resulting in Y Y = { o1, if R ≤ θ; o2 if R > θ. (8) II-A. Shannon Model of the (0, 1|2 ; θ;N (µ,σ2)) threshold

  4. Time and Band Limiting for Matrix Valued Functions, an Example

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grünbaum, F. Alberto; Pacharoni, Inés; Zurrián, Ignacio Nahuel

    2015-06-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to extend to a situation involving matrix valued orthogonal polynomials and spherical functions, a result that traces its origin and its importance to work of Claude Shannon in laying the mathematical foundations of information theory and to a remarkable series of papers by D. Slepian, H. Landau and H. Pollak. To our knowledge, this is the first example showing in a non-commutative setup that a bispectral property implies that the corresponding global operator of ''time and band limiting'' admits a commuting local operator. This is a noncommutative analog of the famous prolate spheroidal wave operator.

  5. [The Helvetius dynasty].

    PubMed

    Van Heiningen, Teunis Willem

    2014-01-01

    The Helvetius dynasty originates from the Principality of Anhalt, in Germany. George Vigelius, one of its ancestors, was born in the Palatinate (Germany) and studied theology in the town of Basel (Switzerland), after which he was given the surname Swietser. In 1649, his eldest son, Johann Friedrich Swietser, moved to the United Provinces and changed his name into Johan Frederik Helvétius. In 1656, he took his doctorate of medicine at the university of Harderwyck Guelderland). He settled in Amsterdam and moved later to The Hague, where he had a lightning career. Three of his four sons studied medicine in Leyden: Jean-Balthasar, Philippe-Maximilien, and Joseph-Jean. Jean-Adrien, the second son of Johann-Friedrich, settled in Paris and took his doctorate of medicine at the university of Reims, using the pseudonym of Christian-Lebrecht Helvétius. He had a prosperous career. He was the father of Jean-Claude-Adrien Helvétius, who became also a successful physician and first physician to the queen of France. His grandson was Claude-Adrien Helvétius, who became a leading philosopher and writer.

  6. Contribution of physiologists to the identification of the humoral component of immunity in the 19th century.

    PubMed

    Lahaie, Yves-Marie; Watier, Hervé

    2017-07-01

    The history of antimicrobial humoral immunity usually focuses on the works of the German school at the end of the 19th century, born in the tradition of chemistry and disinfection. Starting from an old quarrel of priority about serotherapy between Emil von Behring (1854-1917) and the French physiologists Charles Richet (1850-1935) and Jules Héricourt (1850-1938), we first confirm that the latter stated the principle of serotherapy in 1888 and put it into practice before the seminal Behring's article in 1890, observing several adverse effects of this new immunotherapy. We also find that researchers who can be considered heirs of the French school of Physiology founded by Claude Bernard (1813-1878) also investigated the field of humoral immunity in the 1870-1880s. Maurice Raynaud (1834-1881), Auguste Chauveau (1827-1917), and eventually Charles Richet applied the experimental method of Claude Bernard to the young field of microbiology, illustrating a movement called by Jacques Léonard "physiologization of the pasteurism." However, the contribution of physiologists in this field started before Louis Pasteur, leading to the conclusion that physiologists and chemists synergistically contributed to the birth of bacteriology and immunology.

  7. Operational experience of the OC-OTEC experiments at NELH

    SciTech Connect

    Link, H

    1989-02-01

    The Solar Energy Research Institute, under funding and program direction from the US Department of Energy, has been operating a small-scale test apparatus to investigate key components of open- cycle ocean thermal energy conversion (OC-OTEC). The apparatus started operations in October 1987 and continues to provide valuable information on heat-and mass-transfer processes in evaporators and condensers, gas sorption processes as seawater is depressurized and repressurized, and control and instrumentation characteristics of open-cycle systems. Although other test facilities have been used to study some of these interactions, this is the largest apparatus of its kind to use seawater since Georges Claude`s efforts in 1926. The information obtained from experiments conducted in this apparatus is being used to design a larger scale experiment in which a positive net power production is expected to be demonstrated for the first time with OC-OTEC. This paper describes the apparatus, the major tests conducted during its first 18 months of operation, and the experience gained in OC-OTEC system operation. 13 refs., 8 figs.

  8. New Revolutionary Possibilities in Geodesy Providing the Discoveries Awarded for Physics in 2005 and 1997

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solaric, N.; Solaric, M.; Svehla, D.

    2012-03-01

    Nobel Prize for Physics in the year 2005 was awarded to Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall and Theodor W. Hänsch in recognition of their contribution in the field of optics. Nobel Prize for physics in 1997 was awarded to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips for the discovery and development of the method by means of which the atoms are cooled down and trapped by laser light. The improvements that were suggested by Theodor W. Hänsch and John L. Hall supported by the discoveries made by Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William Phillips offer new revolutionary possibilities for significant improvement of measuring accuracy in geodesy and also in many other fields of science and application. By means of optical clocks it will be possible to measure time even more precisely than by atomic clocks, providing thus more precise determination of navigational satellite orbits, and consequently the positions of points on the Earth's surface. It also opens the possibility of determining the difference of gravitational potential between the points on the Earth's surface applying thereby the theory of relativity by Einstein. In this way it will be possible to connect the heights between the continents by means of direct measurements, and also to improve the connection of levelling networks between individual countries on the continents. More precise distance measurements will also bi provided.

  9. 365 days UNDER ANTARCTIC ICE - a Djamel Tahi film, produced by Terra Incognita in coproduction with CNRS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schlich, R.; Lorius, C.

    2009-04-01

    The 1st July 1957 marks the beginning of the International Geophysical Year. The scientific world decided to explore the Antarctic. Twelve nations would join efforts to initiate a vast research programme aimed to penetrate the mysteries of the white continent. Three Frenchmen, Jacques Dubois, a meteorologist, Roland Schlich, a geophysicist, and Claude Lorius a glaciologist, occupied the Charcot Station built near the South magnetic pole and located 320 km from the coast, during a whole year without any possibility of relief. They wintered from January 1957 to January 1958 in an aluminium hut only 24 m2 in size, buried under the ice. Today, Roland Schlich of the School and Observatory of Earth Sciences, Strasbourg and Claude Lorius of the Laboratory of Glaciology and Geophysics of the Environment, Grenoble, are the last witnesses of this wintering and they remember … The film traces this human and scientific adventure, thanks to their evidence and unpublished documents, filmed 50 years ago. The English version of the film is sponsored by the European Geosciences Union (EGU) and the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR).

  10. Contribution of physiologists to the identification of the humoral component of immunity in the 19th century

    PubMed Central

    Lahaie, Yves-Marie

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT The history of antimicrobial humoral immunity usually focuses on the works of the German school at the end of the 19th century, born in the tradition of chemistry and disinfection. Starting from an old quarrel of priority about serotherapy between Emil von Behring (1854–1917) and the French physiologists Charles Richet (1850–1935) and Jules Héricourt (1850–1938), we first confirm that the latter stated the principle of serotherapy in 1888 and put it into practice before the seminal Behring's article in 1890, observing several adverse effects of this new immunotherapy. We also find that researchers who can be considered heirs of the French school of Physiology founded by Claude Bernard (1813–1878) also investigated the field of humoral immunity in the 1870–1880s. Maurice Raynaud (1834–1881), Auguste Chauveau (1827–1917), and eventually Charles Richet applied the experimental method of Claude Bernard to the young field of microbiology, illustrating a movement called by Jacques Léonard “physiologization of the pasteurism.” However, the contribution of physiologists in this field started before Louis Pasteur, leading to the conclusion that physiologists and chemists synergistically contributed to the birth of bacteriology and immunology. PMID:28557665

  11. Physiological regulation through learnt control of appetites by contingencies among signals from external and internal environments.

    PubMed

    Booth, David A

    2008-11-01

    As reviewed by [Cooper, S. J. (2008). From Claude Bernard to Walter Cannon: emergence of the concept of homeostasis. Appetite 51, 419-27.] Claude Bernard's idea of stabilisation of bodily states, as realised in Walter B. Cannon's conception of homeostasis, took mathematical form during the 1940s in the principle that externally originating disturbance of a physiological parameter can feed an informative signal around the brain to trigger counteractive processes--a corrective mechanism known as negative feedback, in practice reliant on feedforward. Three decades later, enough was known of the physiology and psychology of eating and drinking for calculations to show how experimentally demonstrated mechanisms of feedforward that had been learnt from negative feedback combine to regulate exchanges of water and energy between the body and the surroundings. Subsequent systemic physiology, molecular neuroscience and experimental psychology, however, have been traduced by a misconception that learnt controls of intake are 'non-homeostatic', the myth of biological 'set points' and an historic failure to address evidence for the ingestion-adapting information-processing mechanisms on which an operationally integrative theory of eating and drinking relies.

  12. Magmatic processes evidenced by borehole dilatometer data at Campi Flegrei, Italy.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Di Lieto, Bellina; Romano, Pierdomenico; Scarpa, Roberto; Orazi, Massimo

    2017-04-01

    Since spring 2004 a joint research project (AMRA, UniSa, INGV) has been developed in Italy to install borehole strainmeters aimed at enhanced INGV monitoring systems. Six Sacks-Evertson dilatometers were installed around Campi Flegrei and Vesuvius during 2004-2005, and in 2008 these were supplemented by two arrays of long-baseline underground water tube tiltmeters. Renewed activity started since 2004-2005, characterized by a low rate of vertical displacement, amounting initially to a few cm/year. Recent deformation in the Campi Flegrei caldera is dominated by aseismic inflation, interrupted by minor transient aseismic reversals in rate. These are typically below the noise level or are poorly sampled by the low sampling frequency of most geodetic techniques, but can be quantified relatively easily using high sensitivity strainmeters and tiltmeters. These instruments provide coherent views of deformation at several different time scales capturing reversals in rate with periods from minutes to months. Monotonic uplift episodes have been recorded with durations of several weeks to a few years. During the summer of 2006 a long term strain episode related to an increase of CO2 emission, evidenced by borehole tiltmeters and continuous GPS sensors, has been observed by the borehole dilatometers array. This strain episode preceded caldera microseismic activity by few months, as was also observed during the 1982 period of unrest. Other aseismic slip episodes were recorded in October 2006 and in March 2010, several minutes before the most significant seismic swarms (VT and/or LP events) occurred after the 1982-1984 uplift. The time scale of these transient strain events lasted less than one hour, putting further constraints on the origin of ground uplifts at Campi Flegrei. Their locations are compatible with the source inferred from long term deformation signals, at about 4 km depth beneath Pozzuoli. The current array provides us with a glimpse of the potential utility of a

  13. Validating Reference Equations for Impulse Oscillometry in Healthy Mexican Children.

    PubMed

    Gochicoa-Rangel, Laura; Del Río-Hidalgo, Rodrigo; Hernández-Ruiz, Juana; Rodríguez-Moreno, Luis; Martínez-Briseño, David; Mora-Romero, Uri; Cid-Juárez, Silvia; García-Sancho, Cecilia; Torre-Bouscoulet, Luis

    2017-09-01

    The impulse oscillometry system (IOS) measures the impedance (Z) of the respiratory system, but proper interpretation of its results requires adequate reference values. The objectives of this work were: (1) to validate the reference equations for the IOS published previously by our group and (2) to compare the adjustment of new available reference equations for the IOS from different countries in a sample of healthy children. Subjects were healthy 4-15-y-old children from the metropolitan area of Mexico City, who performed an IOS test. The functional IOS parameters obtained were compared with the predicted values from 12 reference equations determined in studies of different ethnic groups. The validation methods applied were: analysis of the differences between measured and predicted values for each reference equation; correlation and concordance coefficients; adjustment by Z-score values; percentage of predicted value; and the percentage of patients below the lower limit of normality or above the upper limit of normality. Of the 224 participants, 117 (52.3%) were girls, and the mean age was 8.6 ± 2.3 y. The equations that showed the best adjustment for the different parameters were those from the studies by Nowowiejska et al (2008) and Gochicoa et al (2015). The equations proposed by Frei et al (2005), Hellinckx et al (1998), Kalhoff et al (2011), Klug and Bisgaard (1998), de Assumpção et al (2016), and Dencker et al (2006) overestimated the airway resistance of the children in our sample, whereas the equation of Amra et al (2008) underestimated it. In the analysis of the lower and upper limits of normality, Gochicoa et al equation was the closest, since 5% of subjects were below or above percentiles 5 and 95, respectively. The study found that, in general, all of the equations showed greater error at the extremes of the age distribution. Because of the robust adjustment of the present study reference equations for the IOS, it can be recommended for both

  14. The Qualitative Grading of Muscle Fat Infiltration in Whiplash Using Fat/Water Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

    PubMed

    Abbott, Rebecca; Peolsson, Anneli; West, Janne; Elliott, James M; Åslund, Ulrika; Karlsson, Anette; Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof

    2017-09-05

    Development of muscle fat infiltration (MFI) in the neck muscles is associated with poor functional recovery following whiplash injury. Custom software and time-consuming manual segmentation of magnetic resonance (MR) images is required for quantitative analysis and presents as a barrier for clinical translation. The purpose of this work was to establish a qualitative MR measure for MFI and evaluate its ability to differentiate between individuals with severe whiplash-associated disorder (WAD), mild/moderate WAD, and healthy controls. Cross-Sectional PATIENT SAMPLE: Thirty-one subjects with WAD and 31 age and sex matched controls were recruited from an ongoing randomized controlled trial. The cervical multifidus was visually identified and segmented into eighths in the axial fat/water images (C4-C7). MFI was assessed on a visual scale: 0 for no or marginal MFI, 1 for light MFI and 2 for distinct MFI. The participants with WAD were divided in two groups: mild/moderate and severe based on neck disability index (NDI) % scores. The mean regional MFI was compared between the healthy controls and each of the WAD groups using the Mann-Whitney U-test. ROC-analyses were carried out to evaluate the validity of the qualitative method. The study received funding from the Swedish Research Council and the Medical research council of South-East Sweden (FORSS). AP and UÅ have no conflicts of interests to report. ODL, JW and AK are stockowners in Advanced MR Analytics AB (AMRA). JE reports relevant activities outside the body of work as 35% investment/ownership in a medical consulting start-up, Pain ID, LLC. Twenty-one (68%) patients had mild/moderate disability and 10 (32%) were considered severe. Inter- and intra- rater reliability was excellent when grading was averaged by level or when frequency of grade 2 was considered. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) in regional MFI were particularly notable between the severe WAD group and healthy controls. The ROC

  15. Feasibility of MR-Based Body Composition Analysis in Large Scale Population Studies

    PubMed Central

    West, Janne; Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof; Romu, Thobias; Collins, Rory; Garratt, Steve; Bell, Jimmy D.; Borga, Magnus; Thomas, Louise

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Quantitative and accurate measurements of fat and muscle in the body are important for prevention and diagnosis of diseases related to obesity and muscle degeneration. Manually segmenting muscle and fat compartments in MR body-images is laborious and time-consuming, hindering implementation in large cohorts. In the present study, the feasibility and success-rate of a Dixon-based MR scan followed by an intensity-normalised, non-rigid, multi-atlas based segmentation was investigated in a cohort of 3,000 subjects. Materials and Methods 3,000 participants in the in-depth phenotyping arm of the UK Biobank imaging study underwent a comprehensive MR examination. All subjects were scanned using a 1.5 T MR-scanner with the dual-echo Dixon Vibe protocol, covering neck to knees. Subjects were scanned with six slabs in supine position, without localizer. Automated body composition analysis was performed using the AMRA Profiler™ system, to segment and quantify visceral adipose tissue (VAT), abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) and thigh muscles. Technical quality assurance was performed and a standard set of acceptance/rejection criteria was established. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all volume measurements and quality assurance metrics. Results Of the 3,000 subjects, 2,995 (99.83%) were analysable for body fat, 2,828 (94.27%) were analysable when body fat and one thigh was included, and 2,775 (92.50%) were fully analysable for body fat and both thigh muscles. Reasons for not being able to analyse datasets were mainly due to missing slabs in the acquisition, or patient positioned so that large parts of the volume was outside of the field-of-view. Discussion and Conclusions In conclusion, this study showed that the rapid UK Biobank MR-protocol was well tolerated by most subjects and sufficiently robust to achieve very high success-rate for body composition analysis. This research has been conducted using the UK Biobank Resource. PMID:27662190

  16. ESA astronauts assigned to Tethered Satellite System mission - STS-75

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1995-01-01

    The TSS project is a joint NASA/ASI (Italian Space Agency) effort. On STS-75, the five-foot diameter (1.6 metre) Italia built satellite is scheduled to be deployed on the end of a 1 mile long (20 kilometre) conductive tether to study the electrodynamic effects of moving such a tether through the Earth's magnetic field. The experiment will also test techniques for managing the tethered spacecraft at great distances. Throughout the 13-day flight, additional experiments housed in the orbiter's payload bay will give scientists access to s for microgravity and fundamental science investigations. The USMP is designed to provide the foundation for advanced scientific investigations similar to those planned aboard the International Space Station. Claude Nicollier, who is Swiss, was selected by ESA in 1978 as one of three European payload specialists to train for the SPACELAB-1 mission. He was a mission specialist on STS- 46 (31 July-8 August 1992), during which the crew members deployed ESA's retrievable science platform (EURECA) and conducted the first TSS test flight. A few months after his return from this mission Claude Nicollier was selected as mission specialist for STS-61 (2-13 December 1993). He contributed considerably to the complete success of the Hubble Space Telescope repair and refurbishment mission and in particular the replacement of the ESA-provided solar arrays. Maurizio Cheli, an Italian, was selected by ESA in May 1992 along with five other young candidates to expand the corps of ESA astronauts. He has been in Houston since mid-1992 and has qualified as mission specialist at NASA's Johnson Space Center there. STS-75 will be his first Shuttle flight. Marine Corps Lt. Col. Andrew M. Allen will command Space Shuttle Columbia's STS-75 mission. Joining Allen are Air Force Major Scott J. Horowitz, pilot; payload commander Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, Ph. D; Italian Space Agency (ASI) TSS payload specialist Umberto Guidoni, Ph.D; mission specialist Jeffrey A

  17. Credit and civilization.

    PubMed

    Newton, Tim

    2003-09-01

    This paper analyses financial credit in order to re-examine the work of Norbert Elias, particularly his association of interdependency complexity with social discipline, and his approach to contradiction. Following a discussion of these issues, the paper examines Elias's writing on money and explores the emergence of financial credit networks in early modern England. Attention is paid to credit networks and social discipline, to credit and the state, and to the contradictory images associated with the transition to modern cash economies. From one perspective, early modern credit networks might be read as a confirmation of Elias, particularly his argument that interdependency complexity, changing power balances and self-restraint are interwoven. Yet the development of modern cash money raises questions, not just in relation to Elias's treatment of money, but also with regard to his assumptions about social discipline and his approach to ambivalence and contradiction. Drawing on the foregoing discussion, the paper argues that the relation between interdependency complexity and social discipline is contingent and variable, and that interdependency complexity may simultaneously encourage contradictory processes, such as those of civilizing and barbarity.

  18. Transcending disciplines: Scientific styles in studies of the brain in mid-twentieth century America.

    PubMed

    Abraham, Tara H

    2012-06-01

    Much scholarship in the history of cybernetics has focused on the far-reaching cultural dimensions of the movement. What has garnered less attention are efforts by cyberneticians such as Warren McCulloch and Norbert Wiener to transform scientific practice in an array of disciplines in the biomedical sciences, and the complex ways these efforts were received by members of traditional disciplines. In a quest for scientific unity that had a decidedly imperialistic flavour, cyberneticians sought to apply practices common in the exact sciences-mainly theoretical modeling-to problems in disciplines that were traditionally defined by highly empirical practices, such as neurophysiology and neuroanatomy. Their efforts were met with mixed, often critical responses. This paper attempts to make sense of such dynamics by exploring the notion of a scientific style and its usefulness in accounting for the contrasts in scientific practice in brain research and in cybernetics during the 1940s. Focusing on two key institutional contexts of brain research and the role of the Rockefeller and Macy Foundations in directing brain research and cybernetics, the paper argues that the conflicts between these fields were not simply about experiment vs. theory but turned more closely on the questions that defined each area and the language used to elaborate answers.

  19. Quantum Error Correction: Optimal, Robust, or Adaptive? Or, Where is The Quantum Flyball Governor?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosut, Robert; Grace, Matthew

    2012-02-01

    In The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society (1950), Norbert Wiener introduces feedback control in this way: ``This control of a machine on the basis of its actual performance rather than its expected performance is known as feedback ... It is the function of control ... to produce a temporary and local reversal of the normal direction of entropy.'' The classic classroom example of feedback control is the all-mechanical flyball governor used by James Watt in the 18th century to regulate the speed of rotating steam engines. What is it that is so compelling about this apparatus? First, it is easy to understand how it regulates the speed of a rotating steam engine. Secondly, and perhaps more importantly, it is a part of the device itself. A naive observer would not distinguish this mechanical piece from all the rest. So it is natural to ask, where is the all-quantum device which is self regulating, ie, the Quantum Flyball Governor? Is the goal of quantum error correction (QEC) to design such a device? Devloping the computational and mathematical tools to design this device is the topic of this talk.

  20. Nurses' daily life: gender relations from the time spent in hospital1

    PubMed Central

    Pereira, Audrey Vidal

    2015-01-01

    Objective: to analyze the everyday life of nurses through the sexual work division as well as through interdependence relations and the time in hospital. Method: quanti-qualitative study, based on the Time Use Survey and in Norbert Elias's Configuration Theory of Interdependencies. Daily shifts distribution record, directed by 42 participants - with self-confrontation - by interviews which drew dialogues on subjective aspects of the everyday experiences related to use of time, based on a job at a university hospital. The theoretical intake that founded data analysis was based on concepts of conflicts of interest, power struggles, sexual work division and polychronic-monochronic concepts - whether the work environment demands multitasking nurses or not. Results: time records allowed to observe differences between the groups studied, useful to identify conflicts, tensions, power struggles and gender inequalities in interviewees' everyday affairs that do not only affect physical and mental health, but also their way of life. Conclusion: the analytical path pointed out the need for public policies that promote equity in gender relations, keeping at sight the exercise of plural discourses and tolerant stances capable to respect differences between individual and collective time. PMID:26487146

  1. Figurational dynamics and parliamentary discourses of living standards in Ireland.

    PubMed

    Dolan, Paddy

    2009-12-01

    While the concept of living standards remains central to political debate, it has become marginal in sociological research compared to the burgeoning attention given to the topic of consumer culture in recent decades. However, they both concern how one does and should consume, and, indeed, behave at particular times. I use the theories of Norbert Elias to explain the unplanned but structured (ordered) changes in expected standards of living over time. This figurational approach is compared to other alternative explanations, particularly those advanced by Bourdieu, Veblen and Baudrillard. Though these offer some parallels with Elias's theories, I argue that consumption standards are produced and transformed through the changing dependencies and power relations between social classes. They cannot be reduced to the intentions, interests or ambitions of particular elites, nor to the needs of social systems. Using qualitative data from parliamentary debates in Ireland to trace changing norms and ideals of consumption, as well as historical data to reconstruct shifts in social interdependencies, I further contend that discourses of living standards and luxury are vital aspects of the growing identification and empathy between classes, which in turn encourages greater global integration in the face of emigration and national decline.

  2. The ontological status of western science and medicine

    PubMed Central

    Hankey, Alex

    2012-01-01

    This paper traces the revolutionary changes that have transformed the ontological status of western physics and biology over the last thirty years, so as to show in detail how they have moved towards the perspective of the Vedic sciences. From this it appears that Ayurveda's more holistic approach is no longer in opposition to the views of physics and biology. In physics, experimental verification of phenomena associated with quantum correlations have forced scientists to accept that the macroscopic world is not strongly objective: traditional western scientific ontology stands rejected. One consequence is that the world is not necessarily reductionist i.e. based solely on the properties of its tiniest constituents. In biology, the 1930's discovery of homeostasis has reached a natural climax: the feedback instabilities, identified by Norbert Wiener as inevitably accompanying control processes, are now recognized to be states of optimal regulation, where organisms centre their function. The non-reductive properties of these states clearly distinguish the theory of control from previous physical theories; they now occupy the centre-stage of life. Possibly against expectation, their non-reductive nature makes their physics holistic: western biology seems to have broken free of reductionist physics. When Ayurveda and bioscience are compared in light of these little appreciated advances in fundamental science, the supposed differences between them are vastly reduced – they practically dissolve. Instead of being poles apart, the ontologies of western science and Ayurveda seem to have become almost identical. PMID:23125507

  3. Zeit im Wandel der Zeit.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aichelburg, P. C.

    Contents: Einleitung(P. C. Aichelburg). 1. Über Zeit, Bewegung und Veränderung (Aristoteles). 2. Ewigkeit und Zeit (Plotin). 3. Was ist die Zeit? (Augustinus). 4. Von der Zeit (Immanuel Kant). 5. Newtons Ansichten über Zeit, Raum und Bewegung (Ernst Mach). 6. Über die mechanische Erklärung irreversibler Vorgänge (Ludwig Boltzmann). 7. Das Maß der Zeit (Henri Poincaré). 8. Dauer und Intuition (Henri Bergson). 9. Die Geschichte des Unendlichkeitsproblems (Bertrand Russell). 10. Raum und Zeit (Hermann Minkowski). 11. Der Unterschied von Zeit und Raum (Hans Reichenbach). 12. Newtonscher und Bergsonscher Zeitbegriff (Norbert Wiener). 13. Die Bildung des Zeitbegriffs beim Kinde (JeanPiaget).14. Eine Bemerkung über die Beziehungen zwischen Relativitätstheorie und der idealistischen Philosophie (Kurt Gödel). 15. Der zweite Hauptsatz und der Unterschied von Vergangenheit und Zukunft (Carl Friedrich v. Weizsäcker). 16. Zeit als physikalischer Begriff (Friedrich Hund). 17. Zeitmessung und Zeitbegriff in der Astronomie (Otto Heckmann). 18. Kann die Zeit rückwärts gehen? (Martin Gardner). 19. Zeit und Zeiten (Ilya Prigogine, Isabelle Stengers). 20. Zeit als dynamische Größe in der Relativitätstheorie (P. C. Aichelburg).

  4. The new science and the public sphere in the premodern era.

    PubMed

    Rupp, J C

    1995-01-01

    This paper argues that the New Science, which was seen as essentially a public enterprise, was moreover a major constituent of the public sphere in early modern era. In seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Western Europe the sphere of public experimentation, testing, and discussion related to the new science, manifested itself as a highly diversified, contested, and complex social field. Two general problems arose in constructing this cultural public sphere: the selection of participants in the debate and the inclusion of a heterogenous public in the experimental scene. National authorities employed diverse policies but none denied the necessity of public debate for testing the validity of experimentations. The public sphere had to create its own conditions of existence by imposing manifold regulations in order to make these public meetings possible and enjoyable. The regulations emphasized common interest and the moral code as the most basic condition for the sustenance of the public sphere, thus enhancing self-restraint, tolerance, and politeness on the part of both discussants and participants. The more inclusive and heterogenous the public sphere, the more these norms were required. Thus the sphere of public debate constituted by early modern science implied a civilizing process, quite different from and more encompassing than the one analyzed by Norbert Elias.

  5. The barbarism of civilization: cultural genocide and the 'stolen generations'.

    PubMed

    van Krieken, R

    1999-06-01

    Norbert Elias suggested that 'civilization' involves the transformation of human habitus so that violence of all sorts is gradually subjected to greater and more sophisticated forms of management and control, whereas 'decivilization' encompasses processes which produce an increase in violence and a breakdown in the stability and consistency of on-going social relations. What remains unexplored is the extent to which 'civilizing offensives', the self-conscious attempts to bring about 'civilization', have revolved around essentially violent policies and practices. This paper examines the systematic removal of indigenous Australian children from their families, largely for the social engineering purpose of the gradual and systematic annihilation of Aboriginal cultural identity. At the time, these policies and practices were constructed by most observers as contributing to the 'welfare' of Australian Aborigines, and this intersection of welfare and violence raises the possibility that civilization and decivilization, rather than being different processes which may or may not run alongside each other, interpenetrate each other so that, under certain circumstances, societies are 'barbaric' precisely in their movement towards increasing civilization. It may also be possible to describe the move away from the systematic removal of Aboriginal children since the 1970s as itself part of a civilizing process, an increasing recognition of the human rights of Australian Aborigines and of the inhumanity of those policies and practices. The paper concludes by addressing the implications for theories of civilization and decivilization, as well as more generally for our contemporary understanding of what it means to be a 'civilized' modern citizen.

  6. Polynomial chaos theory for performance evaluation of ATR systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DeVore, Michael D.; Bateman, Alec J.

    2010-04-01

    The development of a more unified theory of automatic target recognition (ATR) has received considerable attention over the last several years from individual researchers, working groups, and workshops. One of the major benefits expected to accrue from such a theory is an ability to analytically derive performance metrics that accurately predict real-world behavior. Numerous sources of uncertainty affect the actual performance of an ATR system, so direct calculation has been limited in practice to a few special cases because of the practical difficulties of manipulating arbitrary probability distributions over high dimensional spaces. This paper introduces an alternative approach for evaluating ATR performance based on a generalization of NorbertWiener's polynomial chaos theory. Through this theory, random quantities are expressed not in terms of joint distribution functions but as convergent orthogonal series over a shared random basis. This form can be used to represent any finite-variance distribution and can greatly simplify the propagation of uncertainties through complex systems and algorithms. The paper presents an overview of the relevant theory and, as an example application, a discussion of how it can be applied to model the distribution of position errors from target tracking algorithms.

  7. "The human use of human beings": Interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity and all that in biophysics and beyond.

    PubMed

    Tabacchi, Marco Elio; Termini, Settimo

    2017-10-01

    Biophysics, just by looking at its name, indicates an interdisciplinary scientific activity, although the notion of interdisciplinarity, as such, seems to be not widely or specifically discussed by biophysicists. The same seems to have happened as well in the early stages of the development of cybernetics, notably in Norbert Wiener's writings. This situation seems to contrast with what has happened in subsequent developments of cybernetics ideas, notably in general system theory and cognitive sciences. After a few general reflections on the notion of interdisciplinarity, its sophisticated variants and the path leading to the birth of cognitive science, we shall refer to Wiener's thought to extracts aspects and indications that could be useful today, also for what concerns the social responsibility of scientists, which could be seen as stemming from a very general form of interdisciplinarity. After a few general reflections on the notion of interdisciplinarity, its sophisticated variants and the path leading to the birth of cognitive science, we shall refer to Wiener's thought to extracts aspects and indications that could be useful today, also for what concerns the social responsibility of scientists. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Demographische Entwicklung in der Metropolregion Berlin-Brandenburg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beyer, Wolf; Bluth, Friedrich

    〝Denn eins ist sicher: Die Rente.`` Der vielzitierte Satz des früheren Arbeits- und Sozialministers Norbert Blüm klingt heute vielen wie Hohn. Der Altersaufbau der deutschen Bevölkerung erinnert grafisch immer mehr an einen Baum auf dünnem Stämmchen als an eine Pyramide. Angesichts dessen rücken demographische Entwicklungen mehr und mehr in den Fokus der Öffentlichkeit. Besonders die neuen Bundesländer sind massiv von Abwanderung und einem nie dagewesenen Geburtenrückgang betroffen.DIPL.-GEOGR. UTE C. BAUERsprach mitFRIEDRICH BLUTHundWOLF BEYERüber die Besonderheiten der demographischen Prozesse in Berlin und Brandenburg. Beyer leitete bis Anfang 2004 das brandenburgische Referat für Raumbeobachtung. Seine Aufgabe bestand darin, Planungsgrundlagen für die Gemeinsame Landesplanung Berlin-Brandenburg(GL) zu schaffen. Dazu zählen auch Bevölkerungsprognosen für die Kreise und Städte Brandenburgs. Bluth ist in der Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung Berlin beschäftigt und leitet dort die Gruppe 〝Stadtwissen, Stadtentwicklungsmonitoring, Bevölkerungsprognose.``

  9. Introduction. Time and medicine.

    PubMed

    Kern, S

    2000-01-04

    Although historians work with the record of events in public time, they have not developed an explicit understanding of lived time. To set the stage for the other essays in this issue of Annals, this introductory essay explores how an understanding of lived or "private" time began to emerge in the early 20th century in the works of that era's major thinkers: Henri Bergson's philosophy of duration, Emile Durkheim's social time, Sigmund Freud's five psychoanalytic temporal narratives, and Eugene Minkowski's exploration of lived time. This essay then considers the reaction against the burden of history that began with the great 19th-century historicizers: Comte, Hegel, Marx, Darwin, and Spencer. It reflects on the effort, beginning in those years, of modern artists and intellectuals to focus on the personal past in place of the overbearing burden of the historical past. New ways of experiencing the present, made possible by new communication technologies, including the telephone and telegraph, have centered on the experience of simultaneity. Norbert Wiener's cybernetics, Marshall McLuhan's globalism, and the Internet have further transformed how both the medical and lay communities experience past, present, and future, as well as near and far. The discussion concludes with consideration of Eurotransplant, an Internet-based information and action network used by physicians to coordinate organ transplantation; it is a system that integrates cybernetics, globalism, and the Internet in an everyday, real drama of the electronic age of simultaneity.

  10. Gregory Bateson and the mathematicians: from interdisciplinary interaction to societal functions.

    PubMed

    Heims, S P

    1977-04-01

    An instance of fruitful cross-disciplinary contacts is examined in detail. The ideas involved include (1) the double-blind hypothesis for schizophrenia, (2) the critique of game theory from the viewpoint of anthropology and psychiatry, and (3) the application of concepts of communication theory and theory of logical types to an interpretation of psychoanalytic practice. The protagonists of the interchange are Gregory Bateson and the two mathematicians Norbert Wiener and John von Neumann; the date, March 1946. This interchange and its sequels are described. While the interchanges between Bateson and Wiener were fruitful, those between Bateson and von Neumann were much less so. The latter two held conflicting premises concerning what is significant in science; Bateson's and Wiener's were compatible. In 1946, Wiener suggested that information and communication might be appropriate central concepts for psychoanalytic theory--a vague general idea which Bateson (with Ruesch) related to contemporary clinical practice. For Bateson, Wiener, and von Neumann, the cross-disciplinary interactions foreshadowed a shift in activities and new roles in society, to which the post World War II period was conducive. Von Neumann became a high-level government advisor; Wiener, an interpreter of science and technology for the general public; and Bateson a counter-culture figure.

  11. British Muslims and the UK government's 'war on terror' within: evidence of a clash of civilizations or emergent de-civilizing processes?

    PubMed

    Vertigans, Stephen

    2010-03-01

    In the immediate aftermath of the September 2001 attacks on America, defending civilization was quickly established at the core of the 'war on terror'. Unintentionally or otherwise this incorporation of civilization connected with Samuel Huntington's 'Clash of Civilizations' thesis. Within the 'war on terror' the dark side of counterterrorism has become apparent through international practices like extrajudicial killing, extraordinary rendition and torture. The impact of Western governments' policies upon their indigenous Muslim populations has also been problematic but social and political analysis has been relatively limited. This paper seeks to help address the scarcity of sociological contributions. Hidden costs of the UK government's attempts to utilize violence and enhance social constraints within the nation-state are identified. It is argued that although counterterrorism strategies are contributing to a self-fulfilling spiral of hatred that could be considered evidence in support of the 'Clash of Civilizations', the thesis is unhelpful when trying to grasp the underlying processes. Instead the paper draws upon Norbert Elias's application of the concepts of 'civilizing' and 'de-civilizing' to help improve levels of understanding about the processes and consequences of particular Muslim communities being targeted by security forces. The paper concludes with an exploration of the majority of the population's acquiescence and willingness to accept restraints upon Muslims in order to safeguard their own security.

  12. Modulation theory, dispersive shock waves and Gerald Beresford Whitham

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minzoni, A. A.; Smyth, Noel F.

    2016-10-01

    Gerald Beresford (GB) Whitham, FRS, (13th December, 1927-26th January, 2014) was one of the leading applied mathematicians of the twentieth century whose work over forty years had a profound, formative impact on research on wave motion across a broad range of areas. Many of the ideas and techniques he developed have now become the standard tools used to analyse and understand wave motion, as the papers of this special issue of Physica D testify. Many of the techniques pioneered by GB Whitham have spread beyond wave propagation into other applied mathematics areas, such as reaction-diffusion, and even into theoretical physics and pure mathematics, in which Whitham modulation theory is an active area of research. GB Whitham's classic textbook Linear and Nonlinear Waves, published in 1974, is still the standard reference for the applied mathematics of wave motion. In honour of his scientific achievements, GB Whitham was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1959 and a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1965. He was awarded the Norbert Wiener Prize for Applied Mathematics in 1980.

  13. KSC-99pp1297

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-11-14

    STS-103 Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. is happy to arrive at Kennedy Space Center to begin Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities. The TCDT provides the crew with emergency egress training, opportunities to inspect their mission payloads in the orbiter's payload bay, and simulated countdown exercises. Also participating are Pilot Scott J. Kelly, and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland, with the European Space Agency, and Jean-François Clervoy of France, also with the European Space Agency. The mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is targeted for launch Dec. 6 at 2:37 a.m. EST aboard Space Shuttle Discovery

  14. New Study Finds Increasing Gender Equity at U.S. Research Institutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2009-06-01

    Women and men faculty in science, engineering, and mathematics for the most part have comparable opportunities within major U.S. research universities, according to a report released 2 June by the U.S. National Research Council (NRC). The report found that gender does not appear to have been a factor in a number of important career transitions and outcomes, including hiring for tenure track and tenure positions and promotions. “That is probably going to be surprising to many people. It was surprising to our own panel. And it may not have been the case if we had done the study in 1985 instead of 2005,” said Claude Canizares, cochair of the NRC committee that prepared the report, entitled Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering and Mathematics Faculty.

  15. Cosmic Perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, S. K.; Mallik, D. C. V.; Vishveshwara, C. V.

    1989-09-01

    1. Astronomy in ancient and medieval China Joseph Needham; 2. Indian astronomy: an historical perspective B. V. Subbarayappa; 3. Making of astronomy in ancient India Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya; 4. The impact of astronomy on the development of western science Jean-Claude Pecker; 5. Man and the Universe Hubert Reeves; 6. Understanding the Universe - challenges and directions in modern observational astronomy Harlan Smith, Jr: 7. Frontiers in cosmology Fred Hoyle; 8. Did the Universe originate in a big bang? Jayant Narlikar; 9. The dark matter problem Bernard Carr; 10. Geometry and the Universe C. V. Vishveshwara; 11. The origin and evolution of life Cyril Ponnamperuma; 12. The anthropic principle: self selection as an adjunct to natural selection Brandon Carter; 13. Astrology and science: an examination of the evidence Ivan Kelly, Roger Culver and Peter Loptson; 14. Astronomy and science fiction Allen Janis.

  16. [A brief history of the anatomy and physiology of a mysterious and hidden gland called the pancreas].

    PubMed

    Navarro, Salvador

    2014-11-01

    Because of its retrogastric location and appearance, which is similar to mesenteric fat, for centuries the pancreas has been a mysterious, hidden organ that has received little attention. However, its importance was intuited and described by Herophilus, Ruphos of Ephesus and Galen. This gland began to appearin distinct medical treatises from the 16th century. There are two important scientists in the history of the pancreas. The fist, Johann Georg Wirsung, described the main pancreatic duct in 1642, a date considered by many to be the start of Pancreatology. The second, Claude Bernard, described pancreatic exocrine function between 1849 and 1856 and is considered the father of pancreatic physiology. Besides these two outstanding figures, there is a constellation of personalities who contributed to improving knowledge of this enigmatic gland with the results of their studies. The aim of this article is to call attention to some of the most notable findings that have enhanced knowledge of this gland over the years.

  17. An analysis of concert saxophone vibrato through the examination of recordings by eight prominent soloists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zinninger, Thomas

    This study examines concert saxophone vibrato through the analysis of several recordings of standard repertoire by prominent soloists. The vibrato of Vincent Abato, Arno Bornkamp, Claude Delangle, Jean-Marie Londeix, Marcel Mule, Otis Murphy, Sigurd Rascher, and Eugene Rousseau is analyzed with regards to rate, extent, shape, and discretionary use. Examination of these parameters was conducted through both general observation and precise measurements with the aid of a spectrogram. Statistical analyses of the results provide tendencies for overall vibrato use, as well as the effects of certain musical attributes (note length, tempo, dynamic, range) on vibrato. The results of this analysis are also compared among each soloist and against pre-existing theories or findings in vibrato research.

  18. Hearing Science in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Britain and France

    PubMed Central

    Gouk, Penelope; Sykes, Ingrid

    2011-01-01

    Benjamin Martin, the English natural philosopher, and Claude-Nicolas Le Cat, the French surgeon, both published important work on auditory physiology and function in the mid-eighteenth century. Despite their different backgrounds, there was consensus between the two scholars on key principles of hearing research, most notably the importance of the inner ear in relation to auditory perception. Martin's work (1755 [1763?]) drew directly on the surgical work of Le Cat (1741) to demonstrate the importance of the auditory mechanism in listening processes. Le Cat's interest in the ear, however, came in turn from his interest in surgical anatomy. Martin used Le Cat's elegant designs as a tool for the vivid communication of auditory function to a popular, fee-paying audience. The meeting of two very different minds through intellectual agreement and material transfer demonstrates the way in which principles of hearing science were established in the Enlightenment period. PMID:20634220

  19. [Agustín Moreno: scientific psychology and women's legal responsibility in Spain].

    PubMed

    Bandrés, Javier; Llavona, Rafael

    2011-11-01

    Agustín Moreno Rodríguez (1886-1967) studied Medicine and Natural Sciences at the Central University of Spain, in Madrid. He was a student of Dr. Luis Simarro, the University's professor of Experimental Psychology and of Tomas Maestre, the University's professor of Medical Law, Toxicology and Psychiatry. In 1910, he published the text The woman's civil and penal responsibility during the menstrual period. In this work, he approaches the question of the legal responsibility of women, based on the principle of excitation/reaction of Claude Bernard and on his personal version of the concept of iteration elaborated by Luis Simarro. Dr. Moreno also defends the thesis that menstruation adds some uniqueness to the function of the feminine psyche and, therefore, modifies the responsibility of a woman's actions. We also comment on the predominant approach to the mind of women in the Spanish scientific psychology of that time and the reaction of the Spanish feminist intellectuals.

  20. Jupiter Red 'Monet'

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-08-30

    Citizen scientist David Englund created this avant-garde Jovian artwork using data from the JunoCam imager on NASA's Juno spacecraft. The unique interpretation of Jupiter's Great Red Spot was done in a style that pays tribute to French Impressionist painter Claude Monet. The original image was taken on July 10, 2017 at 7:12 p.m. PDT (10:12 p.m. EDT), as the Juno spacecraft performed its 7th close flyby of Jupiter. At the time the image was taken, the spacecraft was 10,274 miles (16,535 kilometers) from the tops of the clouds of the planet, at a latitude of -36.9 degrees. https://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA21779

  1. Cosmic Perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, S. K.; Mallik, D. C. V.; Vishveshwara, C. V.

    2008-07-01

    1. Astronomy in ancient and medieval China Joseph Needham; 2. Indian astronomy: an historical perspective B. V. Subbarayappa; 3. Making of astronomy in ancient India Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya; 4. The impact of astronomy on the development of western science Jean-Claude Pecker; 5. Man and the Universe Hubert Reeves; 6. Understanding the Universe - challenges and directions in modern observational astronomy Harlan Smith, Jr: 7. Frontiers in cosmology Fred Hoyle; 8. Did the Universe originate in a big bang? Jayant Narlikar; 9. The dark matter problem Bernard Carr; 10. Geometry and the Universe C. V. Vishveshwara; 11. The origin and evolution of life Cyril Ponnamperuma; 12. The anthropic principle: self selection as an adjunct to natural selection Brandon Carter; 13. Astrology and science: an examination of the evidence Ivan Kelly, Roger Culver and Peter Loptson; 14. Astronomy and science fiction Allen Janis.

  2. Bioethics and knowledge.

    PubMed

    Bernard, J

    1990-01-01

    The acquisition of knowledge must be regarded as the first duty, as affirmed by Claude Bernard and Jacques Monod. It occupies a place in the forefront of other duties--respect for the individual and his liberty and dignity--to which the duty of knowledge must be subordinated. An attempt must be made to reconcile these diverse obligations. These three situations are described by stressing the importance of the principles that govern these studies: respect for the individual; respect for science; restriction of human experiments to what is strictly necessary; scrupulous assessment of the balance of risks and advantages; the human body is not an object of commerce; free and informed consent; solidarity between men.

  3. RETRACTED: Impacts of past climate variability on marine ecosystems: Lessons from sediment records

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Emeis, Kay-Christian; Finney, Bruce P.; Ganeshram, Raja; Gutiérrez, Dimitri; Poulsen, Bo; Struck, Ulrich

    2010-02-01

    This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief and Author. Please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). Reason: Paragraph 3.3 of this article contains text (verbatim) that had already appeared in a book chapter "Variability from scales in marine sediments and other historical records" by David B. Field, Tim R. Baumgartner, Vicente Ferreira, Dimitri Gutierrez, Hector Lozano-Montes, Renato Salvatteci and Andy Soutar. The book is entitled "Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish", 2009, edited by Dave Checkley, Claude Roy, Jurgen Alheit, and Yoshioki Oozeki (Cambridge University Press; 2009).The authors would like to apologize for this administrative error on their part.

  4. Cosmetic potentials of Prunus domestica L. leaves.

    PubMed

    Stierlin, Emilie; Azoulay, Stéphane; Massi, Lionel; Fernandez, Xavier; Michel, Thomas

    2017-07-04

    The current study presents new insight on the phytochemical content and biological activities of five Prunus domestica L. varieties ('Quetsche blanche de Létricourt', 'Mirabelle de Nancy', 'Perdrigon violet', 'Mirabelle de Provence', 'Reine-claude dorée'). The plum leaves were found to possess promising anti-aging activities by their capacity to inhibit 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), elastase, hyaluronidase and lipoxygenase. After solid phase extraction (SPE), chlorogenic acid, rutin, quercetin and their derivatives were putatively identified by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry using an electrospray ionization source (HPLC/ESI-MS/MS). The plum leaf, a by-product, provides an interesting valuable resource for use as a natural cosmetic product or as a food supplement. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.

  5. Bruner's Search for Meaning: A Conversation between Psychology and Anthropology

    PubMed Central

    Mattingly, Cheryl; Lutkehaus, Nancy C.; Throop, C. Jason

    2010-01-01

    We introduce a special issue of Ethos devoted to the work of Jerome Bruner and his careerlong attempts to seek innovative ways to foster a dialogue between psychology and anthropology. The articles in this special issue situate Bruner's meaning-centered approach to psychology and his groundbreaking work on narrative in the broader context of the developmental trajectory of both of fields of inquiry. Bruner's work has been enormously influential in the subfields of cultural psychology and psychological anthropology, especially because of his important contributions to our understanding of the intimate relationship between culture and mind. We examine Bruner's past and ongoing engagement with such luminary figures as Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, Alfred Kroeber, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Clifford Geertz to highlight points of convergence and tension between his version of cultural psychology and contemporary theorizing and practice in psychological anthropology. We also review his practical and theoretical contributions to the fields of medicine, law, and education. PMID:20706551

  6. The STS-103 crew address family and friends at Pad 39B

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The STS-103 crew address family and friends at Launch Pad 39B. From left to right are Pilot Scott J. Kelly, Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., and Mission Specialists C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France , Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Steven L. Smith. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. In the background is Space Shuttle Discovery, alongside the lighted Fixed Service Structure. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. The mission is expected to last about 8 days and 21 hours. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:25 p.m. EST.

  7. [Three Copt mummies of Antinoe in Lyon].

    PubMed

    Fischer, Louis Paul

    2006-01-01

    Three mummies--one of a woman and two of a woman and a child--are nowadays presented in the Museum of Anatomy Testut-Latarjet in Lyon. They have been brought in 1901 from Egypt to the Museum Guimet of Lyon and after a few years, they have been given to Professor Testut and studied by Louis Paul Fisher and Frederique Cantero in a thesis of medicine of Lyon (1991). They have been examined by x-rays non-invasive scanning by Professor Michel Bochut. Finally Professor Jean-Claude Goyon, chairman in the "Maison de l'Orient", proposed to date them from the end of the 5th or the beginning of the 6th century, after the designs and the ornaments of the clothes.

  8. STS-61 crewmembers training with the Remote Manipulator System

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-06-07

    The Remote Manipulator System (RMS) eases a mannequin representing an astronaut into position for an STS-61 Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing task in the Space Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory at JSC (35699, 35703); Wide-angle view of the RMS easing a mannequin into position for work on the HST mock-up in bldg 9N (35700-1); Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier, mission specialist, works the control of the RMS during a training session in the manipulator development facility (MDF) in JSC's Shuttle mock-up and integration laboratory. Astronaut Kenneth D. Bowersox (left), pilot, is among the other crewmembers in training for the STS-61 HST servicing mission (35702).

  9. BODY ENERGY HOMEOSTASIS

    PubMed Central

    Keesey, Richard E.; Powley, Terry L.

    2008-01-01

    Evidence for the regulation of body energy is reviewed from the homeostatic perspective of Claude Bernard and Walter Cannon. Considered are the complementary roles of food intake and energy expenditure in the maintenance and defense of energy balance. Particular attention is paid to the roles adjustments in energy expenditure play in this process and to recent investigations identifying their metabolic underpinnings. This is followed by a consideration of the many newly-identified signals of body energy status and the pathways and feedback loops they utilize to inform the central regulating system. Finally, various naturally-occurring and experimentally-induced alterations in the regulated level of body energy are described and discussed. It is concluded that, though early investigators did not expressly consider energy a regulated feature of the milieu interieur, more recent research has provided a sound basis for judging the regulation of body energy to be another homeostatic process. PMID:18647629

  10. The New Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fraser, Gordon

    2009-08-01

    Introduction Gordon Fraser; Part I. Matter and the Universe: 1. Cosmology Wendy Freedman and Rocky Kolb; 2. Gravity Ronald Adler; 3. Astrophysics Arnon Dar; 4. Particles and the standard model Chris Quigg; 5. Superstrings Michael Green; Part II. Quantum Matter: 6. Atoms and photons Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and Jean Dalibard; 7. The quantum world of ultra-cold atoms Christopher Foot and William Phillips; 8. Superfluidity Henry Hall; 9. Quantum phase transitions Subir Sachdev; Part III. Quanta in Action: 10. Quantum entanglement Anton Zeilinger; 11. Quanta, ciphers and computers Artur Ekert; 12. Small-scale structure and nanoscience Yoseph Imry; Part IV. Calculation and Computation: 13. Nonlinearity Henry Abarbanel; 14. Complexity Antonio Politi; 15. Collaborative physics, e-science and the grid Tony Hey and Anne Trefethen; Part V. Science in Action: 16. Biophysics Cyrus Safinya; 17. Medical physics Nicolaj Pavel; 18. Physics and materials Robert Cahn; 19. Physics and society Ugo Amaldi.

  11. STS-75 traditional breakfast

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, the STS-75 flight crew gathers for a mid-morning meal. From left are Mission Specialist Maurizio Cheli of the European Space Agency; Payload Commander Franklin R. Chang-Diaz; Pilot Scott J. 'Doc' Horowitz; Mission Commander Andrew M. Allen; Mission Specialists Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Claude Nicollier (who represents the European Space Agency); and Payload Specialist Umberto Guidoni, who represents the Italian Space Agency. To accommodate planned on-orbit operations, the crew is already divided into different shifts with differing wake-up times and daily routines. Following a weather briefing, they will don their launch/entry suits and head for Launch Pad 39B, where the Space Shuttle Columbia awaits liftoff during a two-and-a-half-hour launch window opening at 3:18 p.m. EST.

  12. STS-103 Crew at Breakfast, Suiting, Departing O&C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) team is preparing for NASA's third scheduled service call to Hubble. This mission, STS-103, will launch from Kennedy Space Center aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery. The seven flight crew members for STS-103 are: Commander Curtis L. Brown (his sixth flight), Pilot Scott J. Kelly and European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy (his third flight) will join space walkers Steven L. Smith (his third flight), C. Michael Foale (his fifth flight), John M. Grunsfeld (his third flight) and ESA astronaut Claude Nicollier (his fourth flight). This current video presents a live footage of the seven STS-103 crewmembers eating breakfast, suiting, and departing the O&C (Operations and Checkout) before the 6:50 p.m. lift-off.

  13. STS-103 crew have breakfast before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, the STS-103 crew are all smiles as they gather for breakfast before suiting up for launch. From left are Mission Specialists Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), Pilot Scott J. Kelly, Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., and Mission Specialists Jean-Francois Clervoy of France, John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.) and Steven L. Smith. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. The mission is expected to last about 8 days and 21 hours. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.

  14. The rich history of gynaecological pathology: brief notes on some of its personalities and their contributions.

    PubMed

    Young, Robert H

    2007-02-01

    The careers and contributions of some of those who have played a major role in the development of knowledge concerning gynaecological pathology are summarised. The emphasis is on workers of prior times beginning with those of the German-speaking school: Carl Ruge, Felix Marchand, Hermann Pfannenstiel, Oskar Frankl, Walter Schiller, and Robert Meyer. The two great Scandinavian investigators Lars Santesson and Gunnar Teilum are then considered, followed by those of the British school: John H. Teacher, Elizabeth Hurdon, Magnus Haines, Claud Taylor, Fred Langley, and Harold Fox. North American workers reviewed are: Thomas S. Cullen, Emil Novak, John Albertson Sampson, Arthur Hertig, and Robert E. Scully. The essay concludes with Australasian contributors, those considered in detail being: Hans Frederick Bettinger, Rupert A. Willis, Hazel (Mansell) Gore, Robert Barter, Harold Attwood, Andrew Ostör (the last two also noted historians), Denys Fortune, Alan Ng, and Peter Russell.

  15. Whether weather affects music

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aplin, Karen L.; Williams, Paul D.

    2012-09-01

    The creative output of composers, writers, and artists is often influenced by their surroundings. To give a literary example, it has been claimed recently that some of the characters in Oliver Twist and A Christmas Carol were based on real-life people who lived near Charles Dickens in London [Richardson, 2012]. Of course, an important part of what we see and hear is not only the people with whom we interact but also our geophysical surroundings. Of all the geophysical phenomena to influence us, the weather is arguably the most significant because we are exposed to it directly and daily. The weather was a great source of inspiration for artists Claude Monet, John Constable, and William Turner, who are known for their scientifically accurate paintings of the skies [e.g., Baker and Thornes, 2006].

  16. KSC-99pp1481

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-12-19

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-103 Mission Specialist Claude Nicollier, in his orange launch and entry suit, shakes hands with NASA Quality Assurance Specialist Danny Wyatt in the White Room before entering the orbiter. Other closeout crew members are United Space Alliance (USA) Suit Technician Ray Cuevas (left) and USA Orbiter Vehicle Closeout Chief Travis Thompson. The White Room is an environmental chamber at the end of the orbiter access arm on the fixed service structure. It provides entry to the orbiter crew compartment. The mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled to lift off at 7:50 p.m. EST Dec. 19 on mission STS-103, servicing the Hubble Space Telescope. Objectives for the nearly eight-day mission include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 27, at about 5:24 p.m. EST

  17. Thermodynamic aspects of small 4.2-K cryocoolers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pirtle, F. W.; Lessard, P. A.; Kaufman, J. M.; Kerney, P. J.

    Advantages regarding a use of superconducting electronic devices are related to potential benefits in size, weight, accuracy, sensitivity, and reproducibility. For the employment of such devices, suitable cryogenic systems are needed. As closed cycle coolers have advantages with respect to potential size, weight, and longevity, an investigation has been performed for the evaluation of different closed cycle system options from a thermodynamic point of view. A survey of available technology is provided, and aspects of thermodynamic optimization are explored, taking into account the single engine Claude cycle, regenerative cycles with J-T loops, and a comparison of the total power requirements for the three cycles. A study is conducted of wet (two-phase) expanders, cold gas compressors, and ejectors to determine potential improvements to the J-T sections of the various cycles.

  18. Development of helium refrigeration/ liquefaction system at BARC, India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ansari, N. A.; Goyal, M.; Chakravarty, A.; Menon, Rajendran S.; Jadhav, M.; Rane Nair, T., Sr.; Kumar, J.; Kumar, N.; Bharti, SK; Chakravarty, Abhilash; Jain, A.; Joemon, V.

    2017-02-01

    An experimental helium refrigerator/liquefier, using ultra high speed cryogenic turboexpanders, is designed and developed at Cryo-Technology Division, BARC. The developed system is based on the modified Claude cycle. The developed system is presently fully functional consisting of process compressor with gas management system, coldbox, helium receiver Dewar, tri-axial transfer line and helium recovery system. Extended trial runs are conducted to evaluate the performance of the developed system. During these trials, liquefaction rate of around 32 l/hr and refrigeration capacity of around 190W is achieved. The paper addresses design, development and commissioning aspects of the developed helium liquefier along with results of performance evaluation trial runs.

  19. Bruner's Search for Meaning: A Conversation between Psychology and Anthropology.

    PubMed

    Mattingly, Cheryl; Lutkehaus, Nancy C; Throop, C Jason

    2008-03-01

    We introduce a special issue of Ethos devoted to the work of Jerome Bruner and his careerlong attempts to seek innovative ways to foster a dialogue between psychology and anthropology. The articles in this special issue situate Bruner's meaning-centered approach to psychology and his groundbreaking work on narrative in the broader context of the developmental trajectory of both of fields of inquiry. Bruner's work has been enormously influential in the subfields of cultural psychology and psychological anthropology, especially because of his important contributions to our understanding of the intimate relationship between culture and mind. We examine Bruner's past and ongoing engagement with such luminary figures as Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, Alfred Kroeber, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Clifford Geertz to highlight points of convergence and tension between his version of cultural psychology and contemporary theorizing and practice in psychological anthropology. We also review his practical and theoretical contributions to the fields of medicine, law, and education.

  20. STS-103 Commander Brown suits up before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. is suited up and ready to go for the second launch attempt of Space Shuttle Discovery. The previous launch attempt on Dec. 17 was scrubbed about 8:52 p.m. due to numerous violations of weather launch commit criteria at KSC. Brown and fellow crew members Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Francois Clervoy of France are scheduled to lift off at 7:50 p.m. EST Dec. 19 on mission STS-103, servicing the Hubble Space Telescope. Objectives for the nearly eight-day mission include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 27, at about 5:24 p.m. EST.

  1. STS-103 Commander Brown arrives at SLF aboard a T-38 jet for TCDT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. is happy to arrive at Kennedy Space Center to begin Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities. The TCDT provides the crew with emergency egress training, opportunities to inspect their mission payloads in the orbiter's payload bay, and simulated countdown exercises. Also participating are Pilot Scott J. Kelly, and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland, with the European Space Agency, and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France, also with the European Space Agency. The mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is targeted for launch Dec. 6 at 2:37 a.m. EST aboard Space Shuttle Discovery.

  2. STS-103 Commander Brown arrives at KSC for launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. smiles on his arrival at the Shuttle Landing Facility aboard a T-38 jet aircraft. He joins other crew members Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France, for pre-launch preparations on mission STS-103 aboard Space Shuttle Discovery. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. The mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 11 at 12:13 a.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 20, at 9:21 p.m. EST.

  3. Electronic ordering and disorder effects in the pseudogap state of YBa2Cu3Oy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Julien, Marc-Henri

    2014-03-01

    We report NMR measurements in the normal state of underdoped YBa2Cu3Oy. While unambiguous indication of charge-density-wave ordering is found in the pseudogap state, we interpret this as short range CDW order nucleated around native defects. We discuss the connections of this result to the initial evidence of CDW order in YBa2Cu3Oy from NMR in high magnetic fields, to the more recent X-ray scattering data in the normal state as well as to a wider body of experimental results which have been considered to characterize the pseudogap state. Work performed in collaboration with Tao Wu, Hadrien Mayaffre, Steffen Krämer, Mladen Horvatic & Claude Berthier (LNCMI), Ruixing Liang, Walter N. Hardy and Douglas A. Bonn (UBC).

  4. Official portrait of the STS-46 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, crew

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    The crewmembers assigned to NASA's STS-46 mission pose with seven flags that represent participation on the flight. Commander Loren J. Shriver (right), holding launch and entry helmet (LEH), and Pilot Andrew M. Allen (left), also holding LEH, are seated in the front. Standing behind them and wearing launch and entry suits (LESs) are (left to right) Mission Specialist (MS) Marsha S. Ivins, MS Claude Nicollier (representing the European Space Agency (ESA)), MS and Payload Commander (PLC) Jeffrey A. Hoffman, MS Franklin R. Chang-Diaz, and Payload Specialist Franco Malerba (flying for the Italian Space Agency (ASI)). The flags (left to right) represent the United States of America (USA), Costa Rica (Chang-Diaz's native country), Italy, Switzerland (Nicollier's homeland), NASA, ESA, and ASI. Portrait made by NASA JSC photographer Robert L. Walck.

  5. Mendelevium: The Way It Was

    SciTech Connect

    2013-11-05

    A reel of black & white film shot nearly 60 years ago has surfaced at Berkeley Lab, depicting the discovery of Mendelevium - or Element 101 - as reenacted by some of the legendary scientists who did the actual work at that time. Since the 1940s, Berkeley Lab scientists were locked in a race to synthesize new elements, and more often than not, they came out winners. Sixteen elements, most of them in the actinide series at the bottom of the periodic table, were discovered and synthesized by its researchers. Retired Berkeley Lab physicist Claude Lyneis found the reel in a box of dusty and deteriorating films slated for disposal. Using digital editing skills he acquired to make videos of his son's lacrosse team, Lyneis has produced and narrated an excerpt of this nearly-lost footage. It is an entertaining and informative look at the pioneering physics performed at UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's hillside campus.

  6. A glass half full: the dubious history of elder abuse policy.

    PubMed

    Teaster, Pamela B; Wangmo, Tenzin; Anetzberger, Georgia J

    2010-01-01

    This article highlights the brief 30-year history of major U.S. policies that address elder abuse. The history of elder abuse policy is checkered and incomplete, reflecting a lack of comprehensive federal legislation. We begin our review by discussing the scope of elder abuse policy and, in particular, the Social Security Block Grant, which has become the sole source of federal aid for Adult Protective Services programs. The other source of federal aid, typically for helping efforts by Area Agencies on Aging, is the Older Americans Act. We document the incremental but increasing attention paid to elder abuse by chronicling key initiatives, including early congressional reports and hearings; White House Conferences on Aging; and efforts by pioneers such as Mario Biaggi, Claude Pepper, John Breaux, and Orin Hatch-efforts that we believe have led to the various introductions of the Elder Justice Act.

  7. Mendelevium: The Way It Was

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    A reel of black & white film shot nearly 60 years ago has surfaced at Berkeley Lab, depicting the discovery of Mendelevium - or Element 101 - as reenacted by some of the legendary scientists who did the actual work at that time. Since the 1940s, Berkeley Lab scientists were locked in a race to synthesize new elements, and more often than not, they came out winners. Sixteen elements, most of them in the actinide series at the bottom of the periodic table, were discovered and synthesized by its researchers. Retired Berkeley Lab physicist Claude Lyneis found the reel in a box of dusty and deteriorating films slated for disposal. Using digital editing skills he acquired to make videos of his son's lacrosse team, Lyneis has produced and narrated an excerpt of this nearly-lost footage. It is an entertaining and informative look at the pioneering physics performed at UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's hillside campus.

  8. Mission Specialist Smith is suited and ready for launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-103 Mission Specialist Steven L. Smith signals he is suited up and ready for launch. Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists C. Michel Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France and Claude Nicollier of Switzerland. Clervoy and Nicollier are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 8-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.

  9. Beautiful Surfaces. Style and Substance in Florentius Schuyl's Illustrations for Descartes' Treatise on Man.

    PubMed

    Chan, Eleanor

    2016-01-01

    The assumption that the Cartesian bête-machine is the invention of René Descartes (1596-1650) is rarely contested. Close examination of Descartes' texts proves that this is a concept founded not on the basis of his own writings, but a subsequent critical interpretation, which developed and began to dominate his work after his death. Descartes' Treatise on Man, published posthumously in two rival editions, Florentius Schuyl's Latin translation De Homine (1662), and Claude Clerselier's Traité de l'homme, has proved particularly problematic. The surviving manuscript copies of the Treatise on Man left no illustrations, leaving both editors the daunting task of producing a set of images to accompany and clarify the fragmented text. In this intriguing case, the images can be seen to have spoken louder than the text which they illustrated. This paper assesses Schuyl's choice to represent Descartes' Man in a highly stylized manner, without superimposing Clerselier's intentions onto De Homine.

  10. Na(+)/H(+) antiporter (NHE1) and lactate/H(+) symporters (MCTs) in pH homeostasis and cancer metabolism.

    PubMed

    Counillon, Laurent; Bouret, Yann; Marchiq, Ibtissam; Pouysségur, Jacques

    2016-10-01

    The Na(+)/H(+)-exchanger NHE1 and the monocarboxylate transporters MCT1 and MCT4 are crucial for intracellular pH regulation, particularly under active metabolism. NHE1, a reversible antiporter, uses the energy provided by the Na(+) gradient to expel H(+) ions generated in the cytosol. The reversible H(+)/lactate(-) symporters MCT1 and 4 cotransport lactate and proton, leading to the net extrusion of lactic acid in glycolytic tumors. In the first two sections of this article we review important features and remaining questions on the structure, biochemical function and cellular roles of these transporters. We then use a fully-coupled mathematical model to simulate their relative contribution to pH regulation in response to lactate production, as it occurs in highly hypoxic and glycolytic tumor cells. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Mitochondrial Channels edited by Pierre Sonveaux, Pierre Maechler and Jean-Claude Martinou.

  11. Forces and Motion: Dynamics of the Tethered Satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    In this 'Lift off to Learning' series, Loren Shriver, commander of STS 46, and the other members of the mission (Claude Nicollier, Marsha Ivins, Andrew Allen, Jeffrey Hoffman, Franklin Chiang-Diaz, and Franco Maerba) use computer graphics, and physical experiments to explain how the tethered satellite to be deployed during their mission will be raised, how it works, the influence of the Shuttle on the satellite and the satellite's influence on the Shuttle's orbit, the gravitational effects, and other effects concerning the Theoretical Physics used to plan this mission (gravity gradient force, center of mass, angular momentum, centrifugal force, and coriolis effect). This video ends with a discussion of the technology transfer and utilization of this tethered satellite concept and design.

  12. [THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION IN MEDICINE OF THE LAST QUARTER OF XIX-FIRST HALF OF XX CENTURIES. REPORT II. THE OUTSET OF REVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCE].

    PubMed

    Stochik, A M; Zatravkin, S N

    2015-01-01

    The article affirms that onset of revision of picture of analyzed reality, methodological approaches to studying of vital activity of human organism and philosophical basics of medical science refers to 1878 and is related to publishing of "The course of general physiology" by French physiologist Claude Bernard. The implemented analysis of the text of this work permit to establish that C. Bernard undertook an attempt to introduce conception of human organism as a processing system being self-reproduced as. a result of interaction with environment due to mechanisms of self-regulation. The necessity was substantiated to make experiment the leading method of cognition of vital activity. The living wholeness (organism, cell) was proposed to be an object of experimentation. In this living wholeness its natural capacities to self-regulation of main vital processes can be preserved at its maximum. The new senses were introduced into ontological categories of thing, process, causality, portion and whole.

  13. Microdebrider cavitation and transcervical removal of parapharyngeal schwannomas approaching the skull base.

    PubMed

    Nicolai, Piero; Paderno, Alberto; Farina, Davide; Piazza, Cesare

    2014-12-01

    Removal of parapharyngeal space (PPS) schwannomas approaching the skull base through a purely transcervical approach requires adequate visualization of the surgical field to obtain complete resection with minimal sequelae. This is a retrospective series of four patients undergoing transcervical removal of sympathetic chain PPS schwannomas abutting the skull base by an intracapsular microdebrider tumor cavitation. Radiologic data, complications, functional outcomes, and follow-up status were considered. MRI was suggestive of PPS schwannoma in all cases, and correctly predicted the nerve of origin in three out of four cases. All patients developed postoperative Claude Bernard-Horner and first-bite syndromes. One patient also presented temporary neuropraxia of the IX cranial nerve, and another of the IX and X cranial nerves. Microdebrider cavitation of sympathetic chain PPS schwannoma abutting the skull base proved to be a reliable technique allowing good visualization of adjacent neural and vascular structures through a purely transcervical approach, while maintaining a low complication rate.

  14. Introduction à L'Etude de la Médecine Expérimentale. Surgical revolution. Part I.

    PubMed

    Toledo-Pereyra, Luis H

    2009-01-01

    Claude Bernard (1813-1878), the most distinguished French physiologist of the 19th century, made incomparable contributions to the world of medicine of his times and even to ours. Bernard believed in scientific determinism and created the term milieu interieur as a manner to better understand experimental medicine and to present a new way of explaining the function of the living organism. Bernard dealt with innovative developments in the glycogenetic function of the liver, extrahepatic glycogenesis, the role of pancreatic juice in the digestion of fats, vasomotor nervous system discoveries, and other important physiological advances. In 1865, Bernard's most extraordinary book on the philosophy and understanding of experimental medicine appeared. This book represented Bernard's unique contribution to the progress of medical and surgical research. Because of the enormous implications of this work on the advancement of surgical research, which were subsequently applied to clinical surgical practice, we propose that this book created a surgical revolution.

  15. STS-103 Commander Brown arrives at SLF aboard a T-38 jet for TCDT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. is happy to arrive at Kennedy Space Center to begin Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities. The TCDT provides the crew with emergency egress training, opportunities to inspect their mission payloads in the orbiter's payload bay, and simulated countdown exercises. Also participating are Pilot Scott J. Kelly, and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland, with the European Space Agency, and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France, also with the European Space Agency. The mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is targeted for launch Dec. 6 at 2:37 a.m. EST aboard Space Shuttle Discovery.

  16. Commander Brown has his launch and entry suit checked before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-103 Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. signals he's ready for launch while having his launch and entry suit checked by a suit technician. Other crew members are Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michel Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 8-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.

  17. STS-103 Commander Brown arrives at KSC for launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. smiles on his arrival at the Shuttle Landing Facility aboard a T-38 jet aircraft. He joins other crew members Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France, for pre-launch preparations on mission STS-103 aboard Space Shuttle Discovery. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. The mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 11 at 12:13 a.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 20, at 9:21 p.m. EST.

  18. STS-103 Commander Brown suits up before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. is suited up and ready to go for the second launch attempt of Space Shuttle Discovery. The previous launch attempt on Dec. 17 was scrubbed about 8:52 p.m. due to numerous violations of weather launch commit criteria at KSC. Brown and fellow crew members Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Francois Clervoy of France are scheduled to lift off at 7:50 p.m. EST Dec. 19 on mission STS-103, servicing the Hubble Space Telescope. Objectives for the nearly eight-day mission include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 27, at about 5:24 p.m. EST.

  19. The New Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fraser, Gordon

    2006-04-01

    Introduction Gordon Fraser; Part I. Matter and the Universe: 1. Cosmology Wendy Freedman and Rocky Kolb; 2. Gravity Ronald Adler; 3. Astrophysics Arnon Dar; 4. Particles and the standard model Chris Quigg; 5. Superstrings Michael Green; Part II. Quantum Matter: 6. Atoms and photons Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and Jean Dalibard; 7. The quantum world of ultra-cold atoms Christopher Foot and William Phillips; 8. Superfluidity Henry Hall; 9. Quantum phase transitions Subir Sachdev; Part III. Quanta in Action: 10. Quantum entanglement Anton Zeilinger; 11. Quanta, ciphers and computers Artur Ekert; 12. Small-scale structure and nanoscience Yoseph Imry; Part IV. Calculation and Computation: 13. Nonlinearity Henry Abarbanel; 14. Complexity Antonio Politi; 15. Collaborative physics, e-science and the grid Tony Hey and Anne Trefethen; Part V. Science in Action: 16. Biophysics Cyrus Safinya; 17. Medical physics Nicolaj Pavel; 18. Physics and materials Robert Cahn; 19. Physics and society Ugo Amaldi.

  20. [The three lives of the Count de Bonneval, alias Osman Pasha (1675-1747)].

    PubMed

    Fabre, André-Julien

    2008-12-01

    Count Claude-Alexandre de Bonneval (1675-1747), had a unusual existence: he had three consecutive lives: as an Officer in the Royal Guard of Louis XIV, as Major-General with Prince Emmanuel of Savoy and, finally, as Ottoman Pasha in Constantinople. He was a man of multiple facets: soldier and political adviser, swordsman and world traveller, friend of Casanova, Fenelon, Montesquieu and Leibniz. He was also an inveterate transgressor of every rule and, in the end, a renegade apostate. Many explanations have been offered for his astounding life: plain aristocratic frivolity, emotional instability, and possibly, in reference to a permanent quest for new adventures, countries or religions, a touch of transformism. Obviously, Bonneval concealed, behind a flamboyant personality, some sort of psychiatric fragility which might suggest, in retrospect, a "paranoid syndrome" but, certainly, no trace of what is common in psychopathic patients, a weariness of life. Bonneval loved each one of his three lives and the feeling was mutual.

  1. Aging research and education centers in the United States: a compendium.

    PubMed

    Steinecke, A; Ciok, A E

    1997-10-01

    U.S. centers and institutes for research and education devoted to aging are listed. These lists can serve as a starting point for building a more comprehensive reference resource. The first list, U.S. Aging Centers and Institutes, is a general guide to centers or institutes that combine research and education. Subsequent lists are of centers that share missions and funding sources: Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Centers (GRECCs); Exploratory Centers for Research on Health Promotion in Older Minority Populations; Centers on the Demography of Aging (CDAs); Alzheimer's Disease Centers (ADCs); Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Centers (OAICs); Nathan Shock Centers of Excellence in Basic Biology of Aging; and Roybal Centers for Research on Applied Gerontology. It is hoped that those who work in geriatrics and gerontology in academic medicine will develop a comprehensive system for collecting, updating, and disseminating complete information about the work being done on aging.

  2. [Dietary modernity and food consumption: socio-anthropological contributions to research in nutrition].

    PubMed

    Fonseca, Alexandre Brasil; de Souza, Thaís Salema Nogueira; Frozi, Daniela Sanches; Pereira, Rosangela Alves

    2011-09-01

    The scope of this work was to illustrate what dietary modernity represents for sociology and anthropology, which is a subject based on a bibliographic review that is discussed in this article. Initially, the presence of the theme of food and nutrition was assessed in studies in the social sciences, by focusing on the approaches related to dietary modernity, especially as found in the works of Claude Fischler. The main subjects of discussion were related to food and nutrition and changes in the work environment, the expansion of commerce, the feminization of society and the question of identity. By understanding the food phenomenon and consumption thereof using a more qualitative approach, it is possible to make progress in configuring the nutritional sciences, adopting a comprehensive approach to food and nutrition in this day and age. Future studies should be dedicated to investigating food consumption as a social phenomenon in order to aggregate new analytical components with a biomedical emphasis to the body of results.

  3. STS-61 crewmembers training with the Remote Manipulator System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    The Remote Manipulator System (RMS) eases a mannequin representing an astronaut into position for an STS-61 Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing task in the Space Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory at JSC (35699, 35703); Wide-angle view of the RMS easing a mannequin into position for work on the HST mock-up in bldg 9N (35700-1); Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier, mission specialist, works the control of the RMS during a training session in the manipulator development facility (MDF) in JSC's Shuttle mock-up and integration laboratory. Astronaut Kenneth D. Bowersox (left), pilot, is among the other crewmembers in training for the STS-61 HST servicing mission (35702).

  4. STS-103 crew return at building 990, Ellington Field

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-12-29

    Photographic documentation showing STS-103 crew return at bldg. 990, Ellington Field. Views include: Mission Specialist (MS) John M. Grunsfeld at podium (16048); MS Jean-Francois Clervoy at podium (16049); Grunsfeld signs autographs (16050); woman and child (16051); MS Claude Nicollier meets his Swiss-American fan club (16052); Clervoy holds child (16053); mission commander Curtis L. Brown signs autographs (16054, 16057); MS E. Michael Foale signs autographs (16055); MS and Payload Commander (PLC) Steven L. Smith kneels and holds child (16056); overall view of stage showing Brown at podium with crew seated behind him; from left to right: Nicollier, pilot Scott J. Kelly, Clervoy, Grunsfeld, Mr. George Abbey (JSC director), Foale and Smith (16058); Nicollier at podium (16059); Mr. George Abbey at the podium (16060): Foale ath the podium (16061); Kelly signs autographs (16062).

  5. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-61

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-02

    STS061-S-089 (2 Dec 1993) --- The Space Shuttle Endeavour lifts off from Launch Pad 39B with a crew of six NASA astronauts, a Swiss mission specialist and a variety of special tools aboard. Launch occurred at 4:27:00 a.m. (EST), December 2, 1993. The seven member crew will team to perform a variety of service tasks on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Four of the group will break into pairs on alternating sessions to carry out a total of five days Extravehicular Activity (EVA). Onboard are astronauts Richard O. Covey, Kenneth D. Bowersox, F. Story Musgrave, Kathy C. Thornton, Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Thomas D. Akers, along with Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier.

  6. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-61

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-02

    STS061-S-090 (2 Dec 1993) --- The Space Shuttle Endeavour lifts off from Launch Pad 39B with a crew of six NASA astronauts, a Swiss mission specialist and a variety of special tools aboard. Launch occurred at 4:27:00 a.m. (EST), December 2, 1993. The seven member crew will team to perform a variety of service tasks on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Four of the group will break into pairs on alternating sessions to carry out a total of five days extravehicular activity (EVA). Onboard are astronauts Richard O. Covey, Kenneth D. Bowersox, F. Story Musgrave, Kathy C. Thornton, Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Thomas D. Akers, along with Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier.

  7. Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-61

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-12-02

    STS061-S-088 (2 Dec 1993) --- The Space Shuttle Endeavour lifts off from Launch Pad 39B with a crew of six NASA astronauts, a Swiss mission specialist and a variety of special tools aboard. Launch occurred at 4:27:00 a.m. (EST), December 2, 1993. The seven member crew will team to perform a variety of service tasks on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Four of the group will break into pairs on alternating sessions to carry out a total of five days Extravehicular Activity (EVA). Onboard are astronauts Richard O. Covey, Kenneth D. Bowersox, F. Story Musgrave, Kathy C. Thornton, Jeffrey A. Hoffman and Thomas D. Akers, along with Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier.

  8. Mission Specialist Smith is suited and ready for launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-103 Mission Specialist Steven L. Smith signals he is suited up and ready for launch. Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists C. Michel Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France and Claude Nicollier of Switzerland. Clervoy and Nicollier are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 8-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.

  9. Let it burn: distinguishing inflammable airs 1766-1790.

    PubMed

    Tomory, Leslie

    2009-11-01

    The issue of the number of species of inflammable air was debated particularly in the period 1777-1786. The work of Henry Cavendish in 1766 and Alessandro Volta in 1777 in characterising two species of inflammable air set the stage for the work of other chemists, particularly in Paris, as they debated this question, mostly concerning heavy inflammable air. Different ways of generating gases were discovered up to 1783, when the synthesis of water and the proposal of carbon as an element created a framework for the question to be answered. In 1785-1786, Claude-Louis Berthollet reported the composition of heavy inflammable air and volatile alkali, while Philippe Gengembre analysed phosphorated hydrogen and hepatic air. In the end, it was the new chemical nomenclature of 1787 that spread their results widely.

  10. Mission Specialist Grunsfeld gets help suiting up before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-103 Mission Specialist John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.) is assisted by a suit technician in donning his launch and entry suit during final launch preparations. Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 8-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.

  11. Mission Specialist Foale gets help suiting up before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-103 Mission Specialist C. Michel Foale (Ph.D.) smiles as his launch and entry suit is checked by a suit techician during final launch preparations. Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 8-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.

  12. Mission Specialist Nicollier gets help suiting up before launch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Operations and Checkout Building, STS-103 Mission Specialist Claude Nicollier of Switzerland waves while having his launch and entry suit checked by a suit techician during final launch preparations. Other crew members are Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.) and Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France. Nicollier and Clervoy are with the European Space Agency. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. After the 8-day, 21-hour mission, Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:30 p.m. EST.

  13. STS-61 crewmembers training with the Remote Manipulator System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    The Remote Manipulator System (RMS) eases a mannequin representing an astronaut into position for an STS-61 Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing task in the Space Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory at JSC (35699, 35703); Wide-angle view of the RMS easing a mannequin into position for work on the HST mock-up in bldg 9N (35700-1); Swiss scientist Claude Nicollier, mission specialist, works the control of the RMS during a training session in the manipulator development facility (MDF) in JSC's Shuttle mock-up and integration laboratory. Astronaut Kenneth D. Bowersox (left), pilot, is among the other crewmembers in training for the STS-61 HST servicing mission (35702).

  14. STS-46 Atlantis, OV-104, crew participates in fire training at JSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, crewmembers participate in fire fighting and fire training exercises in JSC's Fire Training Pit located across from the Gilruth Center Bldg 207. Lined up along fire hoses and spraying water at the blazing fire pit are: (front to back in the foreground) European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier, directing the hose nozzle, MS and Payload Commander (PLC) Jeffrey A. Hoffman, MS Marsha S. Ivins (pink cap), and MS Franklin R. Chang-Diaz; and (front to back in the background) Commander Loren J. Shriver, Pilot Andrew M. Allen, backup Italian Payload Specialist Umberto Guidoni, and Italian Payload Specialist Franco Malerba. A fire fighter training instructor stands between the two lines of crewmembers and the two hoses.

  15. Hemoglobinopathies in a hospital population in Vancouver.

    PubMed Central

    Gray, G. R.; Marion, R. B.

    1978-01-01

    A number of varieties of thalassemia were found to be common in the Vancouver area and in other parts of British Columbia. Of 3117 patients whose blood samples were studied by hemoglobin electrophoresis at the Vancouver General Hospital between Jan 1, 1965 and June 30,1977, 813 had the beta-thalassemia trait, 18 had homozygous beta-thalassemia, 97 had alpha-thalassemia trait, 24 had hemoglobin H disease and 14 had miscellaneous variants. Eight patients had interactions of beta-thalassemia with hemoglobin S,C, D, O arab or Vancouver, and one patient had alpha thalassemia associated with hemoglobin Constant Spring. Twelve other variants were noted. They included hemoglobins B2, E, Q, GHsi Tsou, J Bangkok, British Columbia, KOLN, Lepore, Rampa, Tacoma, St. Claude and an unidentified alpha-chain variant. PMID:709469

  16. Growing Evidence about the Relationship between Vessel Dissection and Scuba Diving.

    PubMed

    Brajkovic, Simona; Riboldi, Giulietta; Govoni, Alessandra; Corti, Stefania; Bresolin, Nereo; Comi, Giacomo Pietro

    2013-01-01

    Carotid and vertebral artery dissection are relatively frequent and risky conditions. In the last decade, different patients with extracranial (and in 1 case also intracranial) dissections associated with the practice of scuba diving were reported. The connection between the two conditions has not been fully explained so far. In the present article, we report the case of a patient presenting with Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome and homolateral XII cranial nerve palsy, manifesting a few days after diving in the cold water of a lake. The patient ended up having internal carotid artery dissection associated with the formation of a pseudoaneurysm. Here, we offer a summary of all cases reported in the literature about scuba diving and arterial dissection, and provide a critical discussion about which scuba diving-related factors can trigger the dissection of cervical vessels.

  17. Use study of Excerpta Medica abstract journals: to drop or not to drop?

    PubMed Central

    Alligood, E C; Russo-Martin, E; Peterson, R A

    1983-01-01

    The directors of the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, a medium-sized library serving the University of Virginia medical and nursing schools, were concerned over the increasing cost of periodical subscriptions and so studied the use of the printed copy of Excerpta Medica. This study had six parts: (1) availability in other campus libraries; (2) staff perceptions of in-library use; (3) results of studies performed by other libraries in the United States; (4) recorded in-library use; (5) users' opinions; and (6) personal interviews with library users and with selected departments tht corresponded with the forty-four subject areas of Excerpta Medica. The user-survey parts (4 and 5) elicited few responses, but personal interviews allowed a good look at levels of use and interest. The overall results convinced staff to drop some sections and publicize those that remained. PMID:6626797

  18. STS-46 crewmembers and backup payload specialist in JSC WETF egress training

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-46 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, Pilot Andrew M. Allen, wearing launch and entry suit (LES) and launch and entry helment (LEH), is assisted by training support personnel as he prepares to simulate a parachute glide into water (the pool) during a launch emergency egress (bailout) simulation in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility Bldg 29. Allen holds onto the parachute straps before he is hoisted over the pool. Also in LES gear and waiting along the poolside are (left to right) backup Italian Payload Specialist Umberto Guidoni, Italian Payload Specialist Franco Malerba, and European Space Agency (ESA) Mission Specialist (MS) Claude Nicollier. SCUBA-equipped divers in the pool are seen at the bottom of the frame listening to instructions.

  19. F.S.V.B. Volleyball

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    22me assemblée des délégués de la Fédération Suisse de Volley Ball (F.S.V.B.), en présence entre autres de Claude Delay, représentant de la société fédérale de gymnastique et Hans Gauer, représentant de l'association suisse de gymnastique féminine. Annonce d'une démonstration d'un mini match de volley ball à Meyrin dans l'après-midi.

  20. Potential of proposed open-cycle OTEC experiments to achieve net power

    SciTech Connect

    Link, H F; Parsons, B K

    1986-06-01

    Researchers at the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) conducted systems analysis studies to determine the potential of various experiments to produce net power using the Claude open-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) power system. The proposed experiment test site is to be the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii at Keahole Point. We found that net power is unlikely to be produced in experiment sizes that use less than about 195 kg/s (3000 gpm) of cold water, and that flow rates of 420 kg/s (6500 gpm) are necessary to achieve a net-power production of at least one-half the gross-power output of the experiment.

  1. Documentation of preparations for WETF EVA training exercise by ESA Astronaut

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1987-09-25

    S87-44061 (25 Sept 1987) --- Dr. Claude Nicollier, equipped with a pressurized extravehicular mobility unit (EMU), is in the process of being submerged in the 25-ft. deep pool of JSC's weightless environment training facility (WET-F) for a familiarization session. Dr. Nicollier's suit is weighted to facilitate a neutrally buoyant condition. He is assisted by two SCUBA-equipped divers. Dr. Nicollier, a Swiss scientist assigned to the STS-46 mission as a payload specialist, first came to the Johnson Space Center in July 1980. Along with Dr. Wubbo Ockels, another European Scientist, Dr. Nicollier underwent survival training and other basic astronaut-type training alongside the 1980 class of astronaut candidates. Some photos in this series show Dr. Nicollier in an extravehicular mobility unit (EMU). This is for familiarization purposes only as the scientist is not scheduled for any extravehicular activity.

  2. An introduction to the medical epistemology of Georges Canguilhem: moving beyond Michel Foucault.

    PubMed

    Spicker, S F

    1987-11-01

    Although American philosophers and physicians are generally familiar with the writings of Claude Bernard (1813-1878), especially his Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine (1865), the medical epistemology of Georges Canguilhem, born in 1904, is virtually unknown in English speaking nations. Although indebted to Bernard for his conception of the methods to be employed in the acquisition of medical knowledge, Canguilhem radically reformulates Bernard's concepts of 'disease', 'health', 'illness', and 'pathology'. Contemporary exhortations to medical professionals and medical students that they "pay more attention to the whole patient" take on significance in working through the writings of Canguilhem; of crucial importance is the relation that obtains between a patient's unique symptomatology and the proper drug regiment that is required.

  3. STS-103 MS Nicollier prepares to enter orbiter from White Room

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Mission Specialist Claude Nicollier, in his orange launch and entry suit, shakes hands with NASA Quality Assurance Specialist Danny Wyatt in the White Room before entering the orbiter. Other closeout crew members are United Space Alliance (USA) Suit Technician Ray Cuevas (left) and USA Orbiter Vehicle Closeout Chief Travis Thompson. The White Room is an environmental chamber at the end of the orbiter access arm on the fixed service structure. It provides entry to the orbiter crew compartment. The mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled to lift off at 7:50 p.m. EST Dec. 19 on mission STS-103, servicing the Hubble Space Telescope. Objectives for the nearly eight-day mission include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 27, at about 5:24 p.m. EST.

  4. STS-103 Mission Specialist Grunsfeld suits up before launch.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    After donning his launch and entry suit, STS-103 Mission Specialist John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.) signals he's ready for the second launch attempt of Space Shuttle Discovery. The previous launch attempt on Dec. 17 was scrubbed about 8:52 p.m. due to numerous violations of weather launch commit criteria at KSC. Grunsfeld and other crew members Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr., Pilot Scott J. Kelly and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Francois Clervoy of France are scheduled to lift off at 7:50 p.m. EST Dec. 19 on mission STS-103, servicing the Hubble Space Telescope. Objectives for the nearly eight-day mission include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 27, at about 5:24 p.m. EST.

  5. STS-103 Pilot Kelly suits up before launch.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    STS-103 Pilot Scott J. Kelly is suited up and ready for the second launch attempt of Space Shuttle Discovery. The previous launch attempt on Dec. 17 was scrubbed about 8:52 p.m. due to numerous violations of weather launch commit criteria at KSC. Kelly and fellow crew members Commander Curtis L. Brown Jr. and Mission Specialists Steven L. Smith, C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.), John M. Grunsfeld (Ph.D.), Claude Nicollier of Switzerland and Jean-Francois Clervoy of France are scheduled to lift off at 7:50 p.m. EST Dec. 19 on mission STS-103, servicing the Hubble Space Telescope. Objectives for the nearly eight-day mission include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Monday, Dec. 27, at about 5:24 p.m. EST.

  6. Source separation as an exercise in logical induction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knuth, Kevin H.

    2001-05-01

    We examine the relationship between the Bayesian and information-theoretic formulations of source separation algorithms. This work makes use of the relationship between the work of Claude E. Shannon and the ``Recent Contributions'' by Warren Weaver (Shannon & Weaver 1949) as clarified by Richard T. Cox (1979) and expounded upon by Robert L. Fry (1996) as a duality between a logic of assertions and a logic of questions. Working with the logic of assertions requires the use of probability as a measure of degree of implication. This leads to a Bayesian formulation of the problem. Whereas, working with the logic of questions requires the use of entropy as a measure of the bearing of a question on an issue leading to an information-theoretic formulation of the problem. .

  7. Evolution of biological information.

    PubMed

    Schneider, T D

    2000-07-15

    How do genetic systems gain information by evolutionary processes? Answering this question precisely requires a robust, quantitative measure of information. Fortunately, 50 years ago Claude Shannon defined information as a decrease in the uncertainty of a receiver. For molecular systems, uncertainty is closely related to entropy and hence has clear connections to the Second Law of Thermodynamics. These aspects of information theory have allowed the development of a straightforward and practical method of measuring information in genetic control systems. Here this method is used to observe information gain in the binding sites for an artificial 'protein' in a computer simulation of evolution. The simulation begins with zero information and, as in naturally occurring genetic systems, the information measured in the fully evolved binding sites is close to that needed to locate the sites in the genome. The transition is rapid, demonstrating that information gain can occur by punctuated equilibrium.

  8. Bandwidth efficient coding: Theoretical limits and real achievements. Error control techniques for satellite and space communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costello, Daniel J., Jr.; Courturier, Servanne; Levy, Yannick; Mills, Diane G.; Perez, Lance C.; Wang, Fu-Quan

    1993-11-01

    In his seminal 1948 paper 'The Mathematical Theory of Communication,' Claude E. Shannon derived the 'channel coding theorem' which has an explicit upper bound, called the channel capacity, on the rate at which 'information' could be transmitted reliably on a given communication channel. Shannon's result was an existence theorem and did not give specific codes to achieve the bound. Some skeptics have claimed that the dramatic performance improvements predicted by Shannon are not achievable in practice. The advances made in the area of coded modulation in the past decade have made communications engineers optimistic about the possibility of achieving or at least coming close to channel capacity. Here we consider the possibility in the light of current research results.

  9. A Tutorial on Analog Computation: Computing Functions over the Reals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campagnolo, Manuel Lameiras

    The best known programmable analog computing device is the differential analyser. The concept for the device dates back to Lord Kelvin and his brother James Thomson in 1876, and was constructed in 1932 at MIT under the supervision of Vannevar Bush. The MIT differential analyser used wheel-and-disk mechanical integrators and was able to solve sixth-order differential equations. During the 1930’s, more powerful differential analysers were built. In 1941 Claude Shannon showed that given a sufficient numbers of integrators the machines could, in theory, precisely generate the solutions of all differentially algebraic equations. Shannon’s mathematical model of the differential analyser is known as the GPAC.

  10. Dempster-Shafer theory and connections to information theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peri, Joseph S. J.

    2013-05-01

    The Dempster-Shafer theory is founded on probability theory. The entire machinery of probability theory, and that of measure theory, is at one's disposal for the understanding and the extension of the Dempster-Shafer theory. It is well known that information theory is also founded on probability theory. Claude Shannon developed, in the 1940's, the basic concepts of the theory and demonstrated their utility in communications and coding. Shannonian information theory is not, however, the only type of information theory. In the 1960's and 1970's, further developments in this field were made by French and Italian mathematicians. They developed information theory axiomatically, and discovered not only the Wiener- Shannon composition law, but also the hyperbolic law and the Inf-law. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the mathematical connections between the Dempster Shafer theory and the various types of information theory. A simple engineering example will be used to demonstrate the utility of the concepts.

  11. Information Theory Applied to Animal Communication Systems and Its Possible Application to SETI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanser, Sean F.; Doyle, Laurance R.; McCowan, Brenda; Jenkins, Jon M.

    2004-06-01

    Information theory, as first introduced by Claude Shannon (Shannon &Weaver 1949) quantitatively evaluates the organizational complexity of communication systems. At the same time George Zipf was examining linguistic structure in a way that was mathematically similar to the components of the Shannon first-order entropy (Zipf 1949). Both Shannon's and Zipf's mathematical procedures have been applied to animal communication and recently have been providing insightful results. The Zipf plot is a useful tool for a first estimate of the characterization of a communication system's complexity (which can later be examined for complex structure at deeper levels using Shannon entropic analysis). In this paper we shall discuss some of the applications and pitfalls of using the Zipf distribution as a preliminary evaluator of the communication complexity of a signaling system.

  12. Shannon's theory in nonlinear systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Killey, Robert I.; Behrens, Carsten

    2011-01-01

    An exponential growth in the capacity of optical networks has taken place over the last decade, but the extent to which future capacity growth can continue is limited by physical laws governing signal propagation through optical fibres. While the classic theory of communication developed by Claude Shannon allows the analytical calculation of information spectral density limits for linear channels with white additive Gaussian noise, the nonlinear nature of optical fibres makes these limits much more difficult to determine for long-haul optical transmission. Accurately predicting the ultimate limits has been the focus of much recent research. This paper describes the sources of linear and nonlinear signal impairments, reviews progress on extending Shannon's theory to the case of nonlinear signal propagation, and discusses new optical and electronic signal processing techniques that may be used to approach the Shannon limit in future networks.

  13. Bandwidth efficient coding: Theoretical limits and real achievements. Error control techniques for satellite and space communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Costello, Daniel J., Jr.; Courturier, Servanne; Levy, Yannick; Mills, Diane G.; Perez, Lance C.; Wang, Fu-Quan

    1993-01-01

    In his seminal 1948 paper 'The Mathematical Theory of Communication,' Claude E. Shannon derived the 'channel coding theorem' which has an explicit upper bound, called the channel capacity, on the rate at which 'information' could be transmitted reliably on a given communication channel. Shannon's result was an existence theorem and did not give specific codes to achieve the bound. Some skeptics have claimed that the dramatic performance improvements predicted by Shannon are not achievable in practice. The advances made in the area of coded modulation in the past decade have made communications engineers optimistic about the possibility of achieving or at least coming close to channel capacity. Here we consider the possibility in the light of current research results.

  14. Nonlinear Cochlear Signal Processing and Phoneme Perception

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, Jont B.; Régnier, Marion; Phatak, Sandeep; Li, Feipeng

    2009-02-01

    The most important communication signal is human speech. It is helpful to think of speech communication in terms of Claude Shannon's information theory channel model. When thus viewed, it immediately becomes clear that the most complex part of speech communication channel is in auditory system (the receiver). In my opinion, even after years of work, relatively little is know about how the human auditory system decodes speech. Given cochlear damaged, speech scores are greatly reduced, even with tiny amounts of noise. The exact reasons for this SNR-loss presently remain unclear, but I speculate that the source of this must be cochlear outer hair cell temporal processing, not central processing. Specifically, "temporal edge enhancement" of the speech signal and forward masking could easily be modified in such ears, leading to SNR-Loss. What ever the reason, SNR-Loss is the key problem that needs to be fully researched.

  15. The physical limits of communication or Why any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from noise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lachmann, Michael; Newman, M. E. J.; Moore, Cristopher

    2004-10-01

    It has been well known since the pioneering work of Claude Shannon in the 1940s that a message transmitted with optimal efficiency over a channel of limited bandwidth is indistinguishable from random noise to a receiver who is unfamiliar with the language in which the message is written. We derive some similar results about electromagnetic transmissions. In particular, we show that if electromagnetic radiation is used as a transmission medium, the most information-efficient format for a given message is indistinguishable from blackbody radiation. The characteristic temperature of the radiation is set by the amount of energy used to make the transmission. If information is not encoded in the direction of the radiation, but only in its timing, energy, and polarization, then the most efficient format has the form of a one-dimensional blackbody spectrum.

  16. A brief review of molecular information theory

    PubMed Central

    Schneider, Thomas D.

    2011-01-01

    The idea that we could build molecular communications systems can be advanced by investigating how actual molecules from living organisms function. Information theory provides tools for such an investigation. This review describes how we can compute the average information in the DNA binding sites of any genetic control protein and how this can be extended to analyze its individual sites. A formula equivalent to Claude Shannon’s channel capacity can be applied to molecular systems and used to compute the efficiency of protein binding. This efficiency is often 70% and a brief explanation for that is given. The results imply that biological systems have evolved to function at channel capacity, which means that we should be able to build molecular communications that are just as robust as our macroscopic ones. PMID:22110566

  17. History of Research on Switching Theory in Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamada, Akihiko

    Switching theory was developed as a theory for relay circuits in early days. In September 1935 Akira Nakashima of NEC delivered his invited speech on synthesis theory of relay networks including de Morgan’s theorem at the technical meeting of the Telegraph and Telephone Society in Tokyo. Since 1934 he had published his ideas in a series of papers “Theory and practice of relay circuits." Akira Nakashima and Masao Hanzawa formulated the design method for switching networks by using algebra in 1936. This is the first paper on switching theory that was applied to the analysis of digital circuits. It was in 1938 that the paper on switching theory was published by Claude E. Shannon. Following Nakashima’s research Kan-ichi Ohashi, Mochinori Goto and Yasuo Komamiya of Electrotechnical Laboratory (ETL) extended the theory to apply to sequential circuits.

  18. Messier, Copernicus, Flamsteed: The SAF Rare-Book Collection in Paris

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pasachoff, Jay M.

    2014-01-01

    The historic books belonging to the Société Astronomique de France, founded by Camille Flammarion in 1887, are located partly in Paris and partly at the Flammarion site in Juvisy, a Paris suburb. Their holdings include first editions of Copernicus's De Revolutionibus and of Flamsteed's star atlas, as well as Messier's own copy of his 1783 and 1784 papers with his handwritten comments and additions. I will describe the fruitless search for a Bevis atlas and the circumstances that led me to inspect these treasures. I thank David Valls-Gabaud and Philippe Morel of the Société Astronomique de France for their hospitality in Paris, Jean-Claude Pecker, and Owen Gingerich for his prior work on Messier's catalogue.

  19. Information theory in systems biology. Part II: protein-protein interaction and signaling networks.

    PubMed

    Mousavian, Zaynab; Díaz, José; Masoudi-Nejad, Ali

    2016-03-01

    By the development of information theory in 1948 by Claude Shannon to address the problems in the field of data storage and data communication over (noisy) communication channel, it has been successfully applied in many other research areas such as bioinformatics and systems biology. In this manuscript, we attempt to review some of the existing literatures in systems biology, which are using the information theory measures in their calculations. As we have reviewed most of the existing information-theoretic methods in gene regulatory and metabolic networks in the first part of the review, so in the second part of our study, the application of information theory in other types of biological networks including protein-protein interaction and signaling networks will be surveyed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Information theory in systems biology. Part I: Gene regulatory and metabolic networks.

    PubMed

    Mousavian, Zaynab; Kavousi, Kaveh; Masoudi-Nejad, Ali

    2016-03-01

    "A Mathematical Theory of Communication", was published in 1948 by Claude Shannon to establish a framework that is now known as information theory. In recent decades, information theory has gained much attention in the area of systems biology. The aim of this paper is to provide a systematic review of those contributions that have applied information theory in inferring or understanding of biological systems. Based on the type of system components and the interactions between them, we classify the biological systems into 4 main classes: gene regulatory, metabolic, protein-protein interaction and signaling networks. In the first part of this review, we attempt to introduce most of the existing studies on two types of biological networks, including gene regulatory and metabolic networks, which are founded on the concepts of information theory. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.