Science.gov

Sample records for closed college campus

  1. Proximity, relationship closeness, and cognitive vulnerability: predicting enduring depressive reactions to a college campus tragedy.

    PubMed

    Pfeifer, Benjamin J; Haeffel, Gerald J

    2014-12-01

    To test the hypothesis that enduring depressive reactions to tragedy are due to a unique combination of three factors-close physical proximity to the event, close relationship with the victim(s), and high levels of cognitive vulnerability. Participants were 70 undergraduates (66% female; mean age = 18) from a midsized private university. Cognitive vulnerability and depressive symptoms were assessed 2 years before a college campus tragedy; physical proximity, relationship with the victim, and depressive symptoms were assessed 2 months after the tragedy. Individuals with a combination of high levels of cognitive vulnerability and close physical proximity to the event were at greater risk for enduring depression, but only if they did not have a very close relationship with the victim. This article puts forth a testable theory that helps to explain why some individuals are at risk for enduring depressive reactions to tragedy. Implications for research and practice are discussed. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. College Without a Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coyne, John

    1973-01-01

    Campus Free College (CFC) is a nontraditional, nonresidential educational experience that employs program advisors to work with students to utilize all learning resources available for an individually-designed curricula. (Author/PG)

  3. College Without a Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coyne, John

    1973-01-01

    Campus Free College (CFC) is a nontraditional, nonresidential educational experience that employs program advisors to work with students to utilize all learning resources available for an individually-designed curricula. (Author/PG)

  4. CNCC Craig Campus Geothermal Project: 82-well closed loop GHP well field to provide geothermal energy as a common utilitiy for a new community college campus

    SciTech Connect

    Chevron Energy Solutions; Matt Rush; Scott Shulda

    2011-01-03

    Colorado Northwestern Community College (CNCC) is working collaboratively with recipient vendor Chevron Energy Solutions, an energy services company (ESCO), to develop an innovative GHP project at the new CNCC Campus constructed in 2010/2011 in Craig, Colorado. The purpose of the CNCC Craig Campus Geothermal Program scope was to utilize an energy performance contracting approach to develop a geothermal system with a shared closed-loop field providing geothermal energy to each building's GHP mechanical system. Additional benefits to the project include promoting good jobs and clean energy while reducing operating costs for the college. The project has demonstrated that GHP technology is viable for new construction using the energy performance contracting model. The project also enabled the project team to evaluate several options to give the College a best value proposition for not only the initial design and construction costs but build high performance facilities that will save the College for many years to come. The design involved comparing the economic feasibility of GHP by comparing its cost to that of traditional HVAC systems via energy model, financial life cycle cost analysis of energy savings and capital cost, and finally by evaluating the compatibility of the mechanical design for GHP compared to traditional HVAC design. The project shows that GHP system design can be incorporated into the design of new commercial buildings if the design teams, architect, contractor, and owner coordinate carefully during the early phases of design. The public also benefits because the new CNCC campus is a center of education for the much of Northwestern Colorado, and students in K-12 programs (Science Spree 2010) through the CNCC two-year degree programs are already integrating geothermal and GHP technology. One of the greatest challenges met during this program was coordination of multiple engineering and development stakeholders. The leadership of Principle Investigator

  5. Evaluating College Campus Closings for the 1980s: A Case Application of an Optimization Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoenack, Stephen A.; Roemer, Janet K.

    1981-01-01

    Using estimated enrollment demand functions and readily available data on size, quality, and costs, a model, designed to assist policy-makers in identifying overbuilt institutions and programs that should be closed is described. This study is a case application of an optimatization model to two community colleges in northern Minnesota. (Author/MLW)

  6. Problem Gambling on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McComb, Jennifer L.; Hanson, William E.

    2009-01-01

    The vast majority of college students gamble, with some doing so problematically. This article discusses gambling and problem gambling among college students, framing it as an emerging health issue on college campuses nationwide. Given that 4 out of 5 college students admit to gambling, and that approximately 8% gamble problematically, it is…

  7. Problem Gambling on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McComb, Jennifer L.; Hanson, William E.

    2009-01-01

    The vast majority of college students gamble, with some doing so problematically. This article discusses gambling and problem gambling among college students, framing it as an emerging health issue on college campuses nationwide. Given that 4 out of 5 college students admit to gambling, and that approximately 8% gamble problematically, it is…

  8. Alcohol Policies on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Rebecca J.; Toomey, Traci L.; Erickson, Darin

    2005-01-01

    State and local alcohol policies can minimize opportunities for people to use alcohol, thereby reducing consumption and alcohol-related problems. Little is known, however, about the prevalence of campus policies aimed at reducing college students' alcohol use and related problems. The authors surveyed school administrators in Minnesota and…

  9. Trend Shifts Evident on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackburn, Richard D.

    1987-01-01

    Campus issues and trends identified by college union and student activities administrators are considered. The major college issue is alcohol and its impact on the campus. Since all but eight states have adopted the 21 drinking age, there are many administrative concerns, including monitoring campus alcohol service and finding alternatives for pub…

  10. College Recruiting: After the Campus Interview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pitts, Robert A.; Swails, Richard G.

    1982-01-01

    Studied the effectiveness of off-campus recruiting in personnel selection. Suggests that after the campus interview, site visit interviews, employment-offer communication, and initial employee training are important for companies seeking new college-trained personnel. (JAC)

  11. Addressing Homophobia and Heterosexism on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Elizabeth P., Ed.

    The chapters in this collection present an approach to changing attitudes about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) students, faculty, and staff on college campuses. The book explores a wide range of subjects and contains basic tools to establish programs for LGBT students. The chapters of part 1, "The Campus Environment: Campus-Wide…

  12. Addressing Homophobia and Heterosexism on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Elizabeth P., Ed.

    The chapters in this collection present an approach to changing attitudes about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) students, faculty, and staff on college campuses. The book explores a wide range of subjects and contains basic tools to establish programs for LGBT students. The chapters of part 1, "The Campus Environment: Campus-Wide…

  13. Maui Community College Campus Safety and Security.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Kahului. Maui Community Coll.

    This document discusses campus safety at Maui Community College (MCC) (Hawaii). MCC is situated on 75 acres of land; the campus population is approximately 2,700 day and night students, with a faculty and staff of approximately 175. The report presents information on campus security services, procedures for reporting crimes and emergencies,…

  14. Student Deaths Shake Up College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Linda Meggett

    2001-01-01

    Reports on two murders at historically Black colleges in South Carolina. Explores reasons for press attention, the schools' responses, law enforcement activities, and recent deaths at other colleges. Sidebars present information on crisis response and statistics on campus crime. (EV)

  15. Cypress College Campus Computer Technology Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cypress Coll., CA.

    Focusing on strategies for including technology in instruction, college services, and campus management, this Plan reviews goals for technology development at California's Cypress College (CC) from 1996 to 2000. Following a list of Campus Computer Technology Committee (CCTC) members, part 1 discusses technology development at CC, reviewing long-…

  16. Women and Alcohol: Increasing Awareness on the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floerchinger, Debra S.; Ward, Teresa J.

    Women's drinking patterns continue to change in society and on campus. Recent studies have indicated that heavy drinking has more than doubled among female college students in the last decade. The number of female drinkers closely resembles the number of male drinkers during the college years. Women who drink heavily face special social and…

  17. Women and Alcohol: Increasing Awareness on the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floerchinger, Debra S.; Ward, Teresa J.

    Women's drinking patterns continue to change in society and on campus. Recent studies have indicated that heavy drinking has more than doubled among female college students in the last decade. The number of female drinkers closely resembles the number of male drinkers during the college years. Women who drink heavily face special social and…

  18. Glendale Community College Campus Profile '99.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spicer, Scot L.; Karpp, Edward R.; Amba, Conrad

    The Campus Profile is an annual publication designed to help faculty, staff, and students understand Glendale Community College's (California) diverse operations and make informed decisions. The publication is organized around the statewide accountability model. This year's Campus Profile includes more accountability performance measures than in…

  19. A Midlife Crisis Hits College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selingo, Jeffrey J.

    2008-01-01

    With baby boomers on college campuses nationwide getting ready to retire, those next in line--professors, administrators, and staff members in the middle of their careers--feel somewhat dispirited. They are more likely than anyone else on their campuses to harbor negative feelings about their jobs, career advancement, and the fairness of the…

  20. The Enterprise Campus at Midlands Technical College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhames, Ronald L.; Ledbetter, J. Tom, Jr.

    2008-01-01

    The Commission established the Midlands Technical College (MTC) Enterprise Campus through special legislation. The Enterprise Campus provides for partnerships with private developers using private resources to create a unique business environment. Participants learn about the legislative process, the need for public/private partnerships, and what…

  1. Queen Margaret University College's Sustainable, Community Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodman, Susan

    2006-01-01

    The new campus of Queen Margaret University College in the United Kingdom is designed to be a sustainable educational and community resource. Early consultation with students and staff on the campus design revealed a strong desire for a sustainable environment, with plenty of green space for all to enjoy. In response to this, the design focuses on…

  2. Cults, College Students, and Campus Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blimling, Gregory S.

    1981-01-01

    Describes the distinguishing features of a cult and the recruitment practices of cults on college campuses. Considers the psychological, social, and developmental reasons why students are attracted to cults, and describes the conversion process. Reports on campus policy, implications of litigation, and recommends strategies for dealing with cults.…

  3. The Enterprise Campus at Midlands Technical College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhames, Ronald L.; Ledbetter, J. Tom, Jr.

    2008-01-01

    The Commission established the Midlands Technical College (MTC) Enterprise Campus through special legislation. The Enterprise Campus provides for partnerships with private developers using private resources to create a unique business environment. Participants learn about the legislative process, the need for public/private partnerships, and what…

  4. Queen Margaret University College's Sustainable, Community Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodman, Susan

    2006-01-01

    The new campus of Queen Margaret University College in the United Kingdom is designed to be a sustainable educational and community resource. Early consultation with students and staff on the campus design revealed a strong desire for a sustainable environment, with plenty of green space for all to enjoy. In response to this, the design focuses on…

  5. Ready, Fire, Aim: The College Campus Gunfight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birnbaum, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Twenty-three State legislatures in 2011 considered bills to permit the carrying of firearms at their public institutions of higher education, and some public colleges in at least six states now allow weapons on college grounds or in college buildings. The lawful possession of guns on campus is a recent and limited phenomenon, but decisions by the…

  6. An Examination of Campus Climate for LGBTQ Community College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garvey, Jason C.; Taylor, Jason L.; Rankin, Susan

    2015-01-01

    This study examines campus climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) undergraduate students at community colleges. Data for the study originates from Rankin, Blumenfeld, Weber, and Frazer's (2010) "State of Higher Education for LGBT People." We analyzed both quantitative data generated from closed-ended…

  7. An Examination of Campus Climate for LGBTQ Community College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garvey, Jason C.; Taylor, Jason L.; Rankin, Susan

    2015-01-01

    This study examines campus climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) undergraduate students at community colleges. Data for the study originates from Rankin, Blumenfeld, Weber, and Frazer's (2010) "State of Higher Education for LGBT People." We analyzed both quantitative data generated from closed-ended…

  8. Bigotry and Violence on American College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    This document contains testimony presented at a briefing on bigotry and violence on college campuses in the United States. Eight witnesses, including college educators and students, presented information about the extent and causes of, and possible solutions to, the apparent increase in the number of incidents. Panelists varied slightly in their…

  9. Successful Community College Campus-Based Partnerships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sink, David W. Jr.; Jackson, Karen Luke

    2002-01-01

    Examines partnerships at Blue Ridge Community College (North Carolina) from the perspective of 12 nonprofit organizations and government agencies located on or adjacent to campus. Discusses factors contributing to the success of partnerships in addressing societal needs and advancing the college's mission, including accessibility, common goals,…

  10. Women, Alcohol, and the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spitzhoff, Donna

    Social norms regarding women's drinking have relaxed over the past few decades and, on college campuses, the gap between the percentages of female (79%) and male (86%) students who report that they use alcohol is smaller than ever. This situation presents a particular challenge to college administrators. The Alcohol Education and Training Program…

  11. Women, Alcohol, and the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spitzhoff, Donna

    Social norms regarding women's drinking have relaxed over the past few decades and, on college campuses, the gap between the percentages of female (79%) and male (86%) students who report that they use alcohol is smaller than ever. This situation presents a particular challenge to college administrators. The Alcohol Education and Training Program…

  12. Chapel Use on College and University Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cragun, Ryan T.; Henry, Patrick; Mann, Marcus; Russell Krebs, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    Many institutions of higher education have chapels, but how often are the chapels used? The authors examine use of chapels on two private higher education campuses in the Southeastern United States. While close to 50% of students visited the chapels on both campuses, visits were primarily for secular activities, although use of the chapels for…

  13. Chapel Use on College and University Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cragun, Ryan T.; Henry, Patrick; Mann, Marcus; Russell Krebs, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    Many institutions of higher education have chapels, but how often are the chapels used? The authors examine use of chapels on two private higher education campuses in the Southeastern United States. While close to 50% of students visited the chapels on both campuses, visits were primarily for secular activities, although use of the chapels for…

  14. The Urban Campus: No Longer an Atypical College Union Setting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bebb, Ernest L., Jr.

    The traditional American concept of the college campus has been that of rolling campuses in the midwest and vine-covered buildings of the Ivy League. Yet the urban campus educates now more than one half of all college students. In design, the urban campus as a whole, and the union in particular, have followed the examples of their rural…

  15. Drugs on the College Campus. A Guide for College Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nowlis, Helen H.

    This guide to drugs on the college campus provides accurate information to help administrators and other college officials understand and cope with the use of drugs by college students. The problem is defined, and facts about drugs, and the implications and issues occasioned by their use, are presented. Information is also offered in the following…

  16. Characterizing sexual health resources on college campuses.

    PubMed

    Eisenberg, Marla E; Lechner, Kate E; Frerich, Ellen A; Lust, Katherine A; Garcia, Carolyn M

    2012-10-01

    This observational study describes the development of the college resources and sexual health inventory, the profile of sexual health promotion resources at participating colleges, and comparisons of resources across several college characteristics. 28 diverse college campuses in one Midwestern state participated. 10 domains were assessed, including characteristics of campus health services (e.g. convenience), condom programs, sexual health information, communication about resources, sexual violence resources and gay/lesbian/bisexual student resources. Scores for each measure reflected the presence or extent of each resource. Summary scores were created for the overall level of sexual health resources and for each domain. T tests and ANOVAs were used to compare resources at 2-year versus 4-year colleges, public versus private sectors, metro versus non-metro locations, and across enrollment size. Inventory scores ranged from 6 to 53. 4-year colleges offered significantly more resources than 2-year; resource levels were statistically similar across location and enrollment size. Subsequent analyses comparing campuses with and without a health center indicated that several resources which were not inherently tied to a clinic nonetheless differed significantly with having a health center. Colleges without this resource could position sexual health resources in other offices or departments or provide referrals to sexual health resources in the broader community.

  17. Campus Involvement, Perceived Campus Connection, and Alcohol Use in College Athletes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brenner, James W.; Metz, Stacie M.; Brenner, Christina J.

    2009-01-01

    This research study examined the relationship of college athletes' levels of campus involvement and campus connection to their alcohol use. A survey measuring alcohol use, campus involvement and campus connection was administered to 720 athletes at nine institutions. Participants who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion in the past two…

  18. Vandalism on College Campuses: The Need for More Security

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rafferty, Victoria

    2010-01-01

    Vandalism is a prevalent problem on college campuses. This paper will describe why vandalism is not as readily noticed in higher education as a major problem and what those institutions can do to reduce the issue. Surveillance will be discussed as one of the various ways in which a campus can reduce crime on campus and make the college safer.…

  19. Stress on the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gill, Wanda E.

    A Stress Test designed to help college students increase awareness of stress and ways they deal with it is presented, along with suggestions to reduce stress. The stress test was presented at a workshop by George Washington University graduate students. The test's four scales measure ways that students cope with stress and the student's…

  20. Sexual Minorities on Community College Campuses. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leider, Steven

    This digest provides a review of current literature relating to sexual minorities and the ongoing dialogue surrounding multiculturalism and inclusiveness on community college campuses. A 1998 study conducted on the six San Francisco community college campuses indicated that more than 1 in 3 of 484 community college students surveyed had engaged in…

  1. Civility on Community College Campuses: A Shared Responsibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popovics, Alexander J.

    2014-01-01

    Means to foster civility and respect on community college campuses are presented. Faculty views are shared in relationship to maintaining appropriate behaviors on campuses. Shared responsibility, early intervention and clearly stated campus-wide policies are among suggested strategies for creating and maintaining a respectful environment.

  2. Recreational Use of Ritalin on College Campuses. Infofacts/Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kapner, Daniel Ari

    2008-01-01

    Although alcohol is the most abused drug on college campuses, Ritalin has also attracted much concern in recent years. This "Infofacts/Resources" describes Ritalin use on college campuses, outlines possible effects of its abuse, and recommends policies for institutions of higher education. (Contains 7 online resources.)

  3. Should College Campuses become Tobacco Free without an Enforcement Plan?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fennell, Reginald

    2012-01-01

    Tobacco-free campuses are a great public health initiative. "Healthy People 2020" and "Healthy Campus 2020" address tobacco use and young adults including college students. Sources indicate that of the more than 6,000 colleges and universities in the United States, less than 800 are either smoke free or tobacco free. An increasing number of…

  4. Lifestyle Management Program: Promoting Cardiovascular Health: in Community College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castro, Felipe G.; Jichaku, Patrick

    The Lifestyle Management Project is a health promotion project and research study conducted in the spring of 1984 at five Los Angeles junior college campuses. Its goal was to increase knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CHD) risk factors among 400 to 2000 junior college students in each campus. This was done via five risk factor activities: blood…

  5. Should College Campuses become Tobacco Free without an Enforcement Plan?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fennell, Reginald

    2012-01-01

    Tobacco-free campuses are a great public health initiative. "Healthy People 2020" and "Healthy Campus 2020" address tobacco use and young adults including college students. Sources indicate that of the more than 6,000 colleges and universities in the United States, less than 800 are either smoke free or tobacco free. An increasing number of…

  6. Lifestyle Management Program: Promoting Cardiovascular Health: in Community College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castro, Felipe G.; Jichaku, Patrick

    The Lifestyle Management Project is a health promotion project and research study conducted in the spring of 1984 at five Los Angeles junior college campuses. Its goal was to increase knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CHD) risk factors among 400 to 2000 junior college students in each campus. This was done via five risk factor activities: blood…

  7. Motivational Signage Increases Physical Activity on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, M. Allison; Torok, Donald

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors evaluated whether motivational signage influenced rates of stair use relative to elevator use on a college campus. Participants: In March and April 2004, the authors observed students, faculty, staff, and any visitors accessing a college campus building. Methods: During Phase I, the authors monitored ascending stair and…

  8. Local and Absentee Voter Registration Drives on a College Campus. CIRCLE Working Paper #66

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castle, Kim; Levy, Janice; Peshkin, Michael

    2009-01-01

    More than 1.7 million students attend out-of-state colleges, and most are eligible to vote in either their home state or in their college state. Despite the potential impact of the "away" student vote on close elections, on-campus voter drives that promote absentee voting are rare. Here we report a detailed outcome study of an in-person…

  9. Beyond the Campus Tour: College Choice and the Campus Visit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okerson, Justine Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    College choice, the decision-making process for students of whether and where to attend college, is complex. The college choice process also affects a range of stakeholders: high school students, parents, public policymakers, high schools, admission professionals, and institutions of higher education. Understanding the influences of college choice…

  10. Beyond the Campus Tour: College Choice and the Campus Visit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okerson, Justine Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    College choice, the decision-making process for students of whether and where to attend college, is complex. The college choice process also affects a range of stakeholders: high school students, parents, public policymakers, high schools, admission professionals, and institutions of higher education. Understanding the influences of college choice…

  11. Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention on College Campuses: Model Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    In response to recent alcohol-related tragedies and to ongoing concern about unacceptable levels of alcohol and other drug use on college campuses, Congress authorized the U.S. Department of Education to identify and promote effective campus-based prevention programs. Since 1999, the U.S. Department of Education has awarded approximately $3.5…

  12. Miami-Dade Community College: Applications at the Wolfson Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padron, Eduardo J.; Levitt, Ted

    1995-01-01

    Reviews the Miami-Dade Community College (MDCC) general education program, focusing on the program's specific applications at MDCC's Wolfson Campus. Indicates that general education at the Campus involves education in environmental issues, social studies, humanities, multicultural awareness, the cultivation of individual responsibility, and…

  13. Racial Differences in College Students' Assessments of Campus Race Relations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lo, Celia C.; McCallum, Debra M.; Hughes, Michael; Smith, Gabrielle P. A.; McKnight, Utz

    2017-01-01

    Guided by the principles of critical race theory, we sought to understand how race and racism help explain differences in White and Black students' assessments of race relations on a predominantly White college campus. The authors employed data from a campus-wide survey conducted in Spring 2013 at the University of Alabama; the sample numbered…

  14. College Student Perceptions on Campus Alcohol Policies and Consumption Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Brenda L.; Roberts, Katherine J.; Donnelly, Joseph W.; Rutledge, Imani N.

    2011-01-01

    Environmental strategies for colleges and universities to reduce alcohol consumption among their students include the development and enforcement of campus alcohol policies. This study examines students' knowledge and attitudes toward campus alcohol policies and how they relate to alcohol consumption and alcohol social norms. A sample of 422…

  15. On-Campus Programs to Support College Students in Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Misch, Donald A.

    2009-01-01

    The author argues that referral of alcohol-abusing college students to off-campus treatment services, although necessary for some, is not optimal for many. He advocates the implementation of comprehensive on-campus services for students committed to recovery in order to optimize their treatment while allowing them to remain in school and work…

  16. EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE NORTH CAMPUS OF SEATTLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCGUFFEY, C.W.; AND OTHERS

    THE NORTH CAMPUS IS ONE OF THREE UNITS PROPOSED FOR THE SEATTLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE. A TEAM OF CONSULTANTS AND STAFF COMMITTEES DEVELOPED THIS DESCRIPTION OF THE BASIC EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ARCHITECTURAL PLANNING OF THE CAMPUS. CONSIDERATION WAS GIVEN TO SITE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT AND TO FACILITIES FOR ADMINISTRATION, STUDENT PERSONNEL…

  17. On-Campus Programs to Support College Students in Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Misch, Donald A.

    2009-01-01

    The author argues that referral of alcohol-abusing college students to off-campus treatment services, although necessary for some, is not optimal for many. He advocates the implementation of comprehensive on-campus services for students committed to recovery in order to optimize their treatment while allowing them to remain in school and work…

  18. College Student Perceptions on Campus Alcohol Policies and Consumption Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Brenda L.; Roberts, Katherine J.; Donnelly, Joseph W.; Rutledge, Imani N.

    2011-01-01

    Environmental strategies for colleges and universities to reduce alcohol consumption among their students include the development and enforcement of campus alcohol policies. This study examines students' knowledge and attitudes toward campus alcohol policies and how they relate to alcohol consumption and alcohol social norms. A sample of 422…

  19. Thank You for Your Service: Military Initiatives on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Kristin Bailey

    2014-01-01

    Military students and their dependents arrive on college campuses with a diverse array of academic goals and support needs. A military friendly college understands that military students are transitioning from the professional military environment to the workforce, and academic work is part of that transition. A military friendly college is not…

  20. Dying To Drink: Confronting Binge Drinking on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Henry; Wuethrich, Bernice

    This book outlines the toll binge drinking is taking on college campuses and suggests steps that can be taken to take action against the binge drinking that has become part of college culture. The chapters of part 1, "The College Drinking Environment," are: (1) "A Culture of Alcohol"; (2) "Where's the Party?"; (3)…

  1. Racial and Religious Tensions on Selected Kansas College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    A fact-finding meeting on racial and religious tensions on college campuses in Kansas was held, with participation by community leaders, college and university officials and instructors, law enforcement officials, college students, and community relations experts. Topics covered were the extent of the tensions; likely causes of the problem; and…

  2. Dying To Drink: Confronting Binge Drinking on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Henry; Wuethrich, Bernice

    This book outlines the toll binge drinking is taking on college campuses and suggests steps that can be taken to take action against the binge drinking that has become part of college culture. The chapters of part 1, "The College Drinking Environment," are: (1) "A Culture of Alcohol"; (2) "Where's the Party?"; (3)…

  3. Thank You for Your Service: Military Initiatives on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Kristin Bailey

    2014-01-01

    Military students and their dependents arrive on college campuses with a diverse array of academic goals and support needs. A military friendly college understands that military students are transitioning from the professional military environment to the workforce, and academic work is part of that transition. A military friendly college is not…

  4. Development and Validation of the College Campus Environment Scale (CCES): Promoting Positive College Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Marian C.; Gefen, Dalia R.; Kaczetow, Walter; Winograd, Greta; Futtersak-Goldberg, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    One of the essential factors related to student success and satisfaction with a higher education experience is the college environment in which learning takes place. The purpose of this study was to develop a scale, the College Campus Environment Scale (CCES), to measure characteristics of college campus environments valued by students. A model…

  5. Development and Validation of the College Campus Environment Scale (CCES): Promoting Positive College Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Marian C.; Gefen, Dalia R.; Kaczetow, Walter; Winograd, Greta; Futtersak-Goldberg, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    One of the essential factors related to student success and satisfaction with a higher education experience is the college environment in which learning takes place. The purpose of this study was to develop a scale, the College Campus Environment Scale (CCES), to measure characteristics of college campus environments valued by students. A model…

  6. Crime on Campus, 1978-1979: A Survey of 150 College Campuses and Cities [machine-readable data file].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lizotte, Alan J.

    "Crime on Campus, 1978-1979: A Survey of 150 College Campuses and Cities" is a machine-readable data file (MRDF) that includes statistics (in the form of 80 variables) on violent crimes and property crimes occurring on campuses and in the cities and municipalities associated with them. Information is given on the number of police on the campus and…

  7. Friendly Forces: Returning Veterans Need Staunch Allies on College Campuses. Lumina Foundation Focus™. Spring 2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pulley, John

    2013-01-01

    The transition to college presents significant challenges to many returning veterans. These students are, in many ways, the most nontraditional of all nontraditional students. These soldier/scholars are set apart from their campus peers--by age, by life experience, by envelopment in the military culture, and all too often by a close-up view of…

  8. ROTC Seeks to Expand on Campuses, and Colleges Cope with a Conflict

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiedeman, Reeves

    2008-01-01

    With its forces stretched thin by the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Army is looking to significantly expand the number of Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs on college campuses for the first time since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, which led the Army to close more than 80 programs. At the University of Maryland-Baltimore County…

  9. Colleges Wade into Survival Training for Campus Shootings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Eric

    2008-01-01

    This month a company in Spokane, Washington, plans to release "Shots Fired on Campus," an instructional DVD with strategies for preventing and surviving a gun rampage. About 50 colleges have ordered the video, and its creators expect to sell several hundred more this fall. Since the massacre at Virginia Tech last year, colleges everywhere have…

  10. The Illicit Use of Prescription Stimulants on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bavarian, Niloofar; Flay, Brian R.; Ketcham, Patricia L.; Smit, Ellen

    2015-01-01

    The illicit use of prescription stimulants (IUPS) is a substance use behavior that remains prevalent on college campuses. As theory can guide research and practice, we provide a systematic review of the college-based IUPS epidemiological literature guided by one ecological framework, the theory of triadic influence (TTI). We aim to assess…

  11. The Illicit Use of Prescription Stimulants on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bavarian, Niloofar; Flay, Brian R.; Ketcham, Patricia L.; Smit, Ellen

    2015-01-01

    The illicit use of prescription stimulants (IUPS) is a substance use behavior that remains prevalent on college campuses. As theory can guide research and practice, we provide a systematic review of the college-based IUPS epidemiological literature guided by one ecological framework, the theory of triadic influence (TTI). We aim to assess…

  12. Compton Community College Campus Climate Survey, Fall 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compton Community Coll., CA.

    A campus climate survey was conducted at Compton Community College in California to assess students' attitudes towards departments, staff, and their experiences at the college. Questionnaires were administered in-class to 6% (n=308) of the study body. The 91-item questionnaire covered academic advising and counseling effectiveness; academic…

  13. Community College Faculty: Attitudes toward Guns on Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dahl, Patricia P.; Bonham, Gene, Jr.; Reddington, Frances P.

    2016-01-01

    This exploratory research surveyed faculty who instruct in community colleges from 18 states about their attitudes toward the concealed carry gun policies that allow appropriately licensed citizens to carry a handgun in public places such as college campuses. Building upon previous research involving 4-year institutions, we surveyed 1,889…

  14. EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE SOUTH CAMPUS OF SEATTLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCGUFFEY, C.W.

    THE SOUTH CAMPUS IS ONE OF THREE PLANNED FOR SEATTLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE. A CONSULTANT GROUP WORKED WITH STAFF COMMITTEES IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THIS FACILITY. AREAS CONSIDERED ARE SITE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, AND FACILITIES FOR ADMINISTRATION AND FACULTY, STUDENT PERSONNEL SERVICES, COLLEGE CENTER, INSTRUCTIONAL…

  15. Scottsdale Community College Airpark Campus Student Survey of Interest Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrowsky, Michael C.; Binder, Jan

    This study summarizes the results of a student survey that was conducted at Scottsdale Community College Airpark Campus (Arizona) in February 1999, in order to gather students' employment information and to ascertain their preferences for courses, college services, and other market-related data that could be used later in planning for course and…

  16. Colleges Wade into Survival Training for Campus Shootings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Eric

    2008-01-01

    This month a company in Spokane, Washington, plans to release "Shots Fired on Campus," an instructional DVD with strategies for preventing and surviving a gun rampage. About 50 colleges have ordered the video, and its creators expect to sell several hundred more this fall. Since the massacre at Virginia Tech last year, colleges everywhere have…

  17. Community College Faculty: Attitudes toward Guns on Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dahl, Patricia P.; Bonham, Gene, Jr.; Reddington, Frances P.

    2016-01-01

    This exploratory research surveyed faculty who instruct in community colleges from 18 states about their attitudes toward the concealed carry gun policies that allow appropriately licensed citizens to carry a handgun in public places such as college campuses. Building upon previous research involving 4-year institutions, we surveyed 1,889…

  18. Campus Community Collaborations: Examples and Resources for Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickeral, Terry, Ed.; Peters, Karen, Ed.

    Describing collaborative activities between community colleges and the communities they serve, this sourcebook provides 15 essays by practitioners at colleges across the United States. Following introductory materials and the essay, "The Roots of Campus-Community Collaboration" (Terry Pickeral), the following essays are presented detailing…

  19. A National Survey of Alcohol Prevention Programs on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odom, Kate L.

    2010-01-01

    As alcohol-related incidents and tragedies continue to be a major concern on college campuses, researchers and college counseling center directors struggle to find the most effective alcohol prevention programs Several theories have been adapted to form the foundation of prevention programs. These programs have then been evaluated to discover…

  20. The Postwar University: Utopianist Campus and College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muthesius, Stefan

    This book examines the postwar building boom in higher education, describing the diverse approaches to the creation of new campuses in the United States, England, Canada, West Germany, and France and exploring the range of responses to "utopian dreams" from students, academia, and the public. The chapters are: (1) "USA: Campus vs.…

  1. The Postwar University: Utopianist Campus and College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muthesius, Stefan

    This book examines the postwar building boom in higher education, describing the diverse approaches to the creation of new campuses in the United States, England, Canada, West Germany, and France and exploring the range of responses to "utopian dreams" from students, academia, and the public. The chapters are: (1) "USA: Campus vs.…

  2. Suicide and Its Prevention on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keyes, Lee

    2012-01-01

    Suicide is a significant issue facing higher education institutions. Many campuses are involved in a variety of procedures, programs, and initiatives that seek to reduce or prevent suicide and the impact of suicide-related behavior. This article offers examples of campus prevention efforts, important resources on suicide prevention for college…

  3. Starry Campus: Reducing Light Pollution at Smith College

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brenon, Alexandria

    2017-01-01

    This is the start of a program to teach Smith College students about the dangers posed by light pollution and inspire them to help make Smith a better dark sky area. This will focus both on general astronomy education to catch their interest and speciic light pollution information as well. My advisor is creating an initiative for dark skies education and preservation on college campuses, with this as the pilot program. College students can help both on campus and off when they will be able to take what they learn to inform their decisions about lighting when they move out on their own. The ultimate goal is to convince Smith College to make the changes it needs to reduce its light pollution as well as to motivate its students to learn more about astronomy and light pollution. I am developing an education and outreach program using venues such as house teas, lectures, and meetings to teach other students, the staff, and faculty about the issue. I am also working with existing clubs and organizations on campus such as the Green Team, the landscape studies department, and the Center for the Environment, Ecological Design, and Sustainability. This will help to develop campus lighting standards. These lighting standards will be proposed to the college, as there are no current standards in place for lighting around campus.

  4. Motivational signage increases physical activity on a college campus.

    PubMed

    Ford, M Allison; Torok, Donald

    2008-01-01

    The authors evaluated whether motivational signage influenced rates of stair use relative to elevator use on a college campus. In March and April 2004, the authors observed students, faculty, staff, and any visitors accessing a college campus building. During Phase I, the authors monitored ascending stair and elevator use at the same time each weekday (Monday-Friday). During Phase II, the authors placed motivational signs encouraging stair use at the bottom of the stairs and outside and inside the elevators. During the third week (Phase III), the authors removed the signs. The authors observed 18,389 ascending trips during the 3 weeks of the study. Motivational signs significantly contributed to an 18.6% increase in stair use in the second week, which was maintained in the following week. The signage intervention successfully enhanced physical activity on a college campus by providing educational health tips that may have served as motivation to choose the stairs.

  5. Building Partnerships with College Campuses: Community Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leiderman, Sally; Furco, Andrew; Zapf, Jennifer; Goss, Megan

    The information that forms the basis of this brochure was drawn from a summit of community organization representatives who have worked in partnerships with institutions of higher education. The brochure highlights three issues community partners believe must be fully addressed if community/campus partnerships are to be successful and mutually…

  6. Historical Analysis of College Campus Interracial Dating

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firmin, Michael W.; Firebaugh, Stephanie

    2008-01-01

    Interracial dating on American campuses has had a relatively stormy past. Until the past three decades or so, it was outlawed in some states. Southern institutions, in particular, such as the infamous Bob Jones University have made this issue divisive even among their own constituencies. Age and generation seem to be cogent factors with younger…

  7. What Are College Students' Perceptions about Campus Safety?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chekwa, Charles; Thomas, Eugene, Jr.; Jones, Valerie James

    2013-01-01

    Crime and violence on college and university campuses have found their way into the media spotlight. As a result, criminal and violent acts have become issues that warrant research. We discuss literature focused on the potential contributing factors that may lead to violent behavior. Additionally, we review legislation intended to protect students…

  8. Faculty Attitudes Toward Regulating Speech on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dey, Eric L.; Hurtado, Sylvia

    1996-01-01

    This study used data from a 1992-93 national survey of college teaching faculty (n=29,771) to examine attitudes toward institutional attempts to regulate racist and sexist on-campus speech. Most faculty supported prohibition of hate speech but were less likely to support administrators' right to ban extreme speakers. Unanticipated patterns were…

  9. Ready, Fire, Aim: The College Campus Gun Fight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birnbaum, Robert

    2013-01-01

    The question of whether guns should be permitted on college and university campuses in the United States reflects the tension between two competing perspectives. America has both a robust gun culture and an equally robust (if less well known) gun-control culture. The gun culture is as American as apple pie: There may be as many as 300 million…

  10. LGBTQ People on Community College Campuses: A 20-Year Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leider, Steven J.

    2012-01-01

    In March 2000, an "ERIC Digest" was published on the status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students on community college campuses. It was immediately apparent that there was a dearth of literature on the subject, nor was research being conducted about these student populations. The "Digest" examined some possible reasons why. This…

  11. A New Technique for Mitigating Risk on US College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Stephanie; White, Rebecca J.; Hertz, Giles

    2008-01-01

    High-profile criminal acts continue to plague United States (US) college campuses despite recent efforts to implement more aggressive risk mitigation practices, such as criminal background checks. Despite these efforts, incidents such as the most recent shootings at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University continue to demonstrate that,…

  12. Environmental Strategies to Prevent Alcohol Problems on College Campuses. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Kathryn

    2011-01-01

    Alcohol problems on campuses cannot be solved with simple solutions, such as an alcohol awareness campaign. Instead, dangerous college drinking can be prevented with an array of protective measures that deal with alcohol availability, enforcement of existing laws and rules, and changes in how alcohol is promoted, sold and served. Many people,…

  13. Ubiquitous Computing: The Universal Use of Computers on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, David G., Ed.

    This book is a collection of vignettes from 13 universities where everyone on campus has his or her own computer. These 13 institutions have instituted "ubiquitous computing" in very different ways at very different costs. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction: The Ubiquitous Computing Movement" (David G. Brown); (2) "Dartmouth College" (Malcolm…

  14. Kearney State College Drug-Free Campus Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMinn, Kay L.

    The Kearney State College (Nebraska) drug-free campus program description details standards of conduct for employees and students regarding alcohol and drugs as well as applicable legal sanctions under federal, state and local law with regard to possession and distribution. These statutes are described and identified by number and further…

  15. Drug Abuse on College Campuses: Emerging Issues. Issues in Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This "Issues in Prevention" focuses on emerging issues concerning drug abuse on college campuses. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Drug Abuse Trends; (2) Q&A With Jim Lange; (3) Bath Salts; (4) Refuse to Abuse; (5) Related Federal Resource; and (6) Higher Education Center Resources.

  16. Faculty Attitudes Toward Regulating Speech on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dey, Eric L.; Hurtado, Sylvia

    1996-01-01

    This study used data from a 1992-93 national survey of college teaching faculty (n=29,771) to examine attitudes toward institutional attempts to regulate racist and sexist on-campus speech. Most faculty supported prohibition of hate speech but were less likely to support administrators' right to ban extreme speakers. Unanticipated patterns were…

  17. Hate Crimes and Violence on College and University Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stage, Frances K.; Downey, John P.

    1999-01-01

    The growing problem of hate crime on college campuses is addressed. Characteristics of hate speech and hate crime are distinguished; types of offenders, scope of the problem, and related legal issues are discussed. A model for development of campuswide multiculturalism is presented among several recommendations for administrators. (Author/EMK)

  18. The Power Game: Sexual Harassment on the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, Kay

    A study examined four reports of sexual harassment on college campuses. The reports show that harassers "key" their victims so that a contest will begin but the victims do not understand what is happening. Miscommunication occurs when power myths about men and women intersect during the harassment episode. Such myths include: the looking…

  19. Hate Crimes and Violence on College and University Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stage, Frances K.; Downey, John P.

    1999-01-01

    The growing problem of hate crime on college campuses is addressed. Characteristics of hate speech and hate crime are distinguished; types of offenders, scope of the problem, and related legal issues are discussed. A model for development of campuswide multiculturalism is presented among several recommendations for administrators. (Author/EMK)

  20. Community College of Denver. North Campus, Denver, Colorado

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, John D.

    1976-01-01

    The soon-to-be-completed North Campus of the Community College of Denver demonstrates a conviction on the part of the state and the design team that the use of solar energy is economically and technologically and alternative to the continued consumption of fossil fuel. (Author/MLF)

  1. Bigotry and Violence on Missouri's College Campuses. A Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

    This publication reports on the bigotry and violence on Missouri's college campuses based on the perspectives of 15 persons at a community forum held March 22, 1989. Participants included representatives of federal and state government agencies, human rights organizations, law enforcement agencies, and faculty, staff, students, and administrators…

  2. Environmental Strategies to Prevent Alcohol Problems on College Campuses. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Kathryn

    2011-01-01

    Alcohol problems on campuses cannot be solved with simple solutions, such as an alcohol awareness campaign. Instead, dangerous college drinking can be prevented with an array of protective measures that deal with alcohol availability, enforcement of existing laws and rules, and changes in how alcohol is promoted, sold and served. Many people,…

  3. Prevention of Dating Violence on College Campuses: An Innovative Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Jonathan P.; Griffin, Linda D.; Russell, Melani M.; Frontaura-Duck, Sarannette

    2006-01-01

    Dating violence is a significant problem on college campuses that requires preventive interventions. In addition, sexist and stereotypical attitudes that support abusive dating behavior have been recognized as potential risk factors. Previous research has found that fraternity and sorority membership is related to stereotypical beliefs concerning…

  4. Safety on a Rural Community College Campus via Integrated Communications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gnage, Marie Foster; Dziagwa, Connie; White, Dave

    2009-01-01

    West Virginia University at Parkersburg uses a two-way emergency system as a baseline for emergency communications. The college has found that such a system, a key component of its safety and crisis management plan, can be integrated with other communication initiatives to provide focused security on the campus.

  5. Ready, Fire, Aim: The College Campus Gun Fight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birnbaum, Robert

    2013-01-01

    The question of whether guns should be permitted on college and university campuses in the United States reflects the tension between two competing perspectives. America has both a robust gun culture and an equally robust (if less well known) gun-control culture. The gun culture is as American as apple pie: There may be as many as 300 million…

  6. Campus Crime, College Policy, and Federal Laws and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gehring, Donald D.

    1996-01-01

    The federal Campus Security Act, an amendment to the Student Consumer Information Act of 1976 and amended by the Sexual Assault Victim's Bill of Rights (1992) and other federal laws, requires that colleges and universities provide substantial information to students and employees. The requirement crosses boundaries of student affairs, academic…

  7. A New Technique for Mitigating Risk on US College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Stephanie; White, Rebecca J.; Hertz, Giles

    2008-01-01

    High-profile criminal acts continue to plague United States (US) college campuses despite recent efforts to implement more aggressive risk mitigation practices, such as criminal background checks. Despite these efforts, incidents such as the most recent shootings at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University continue to demonstrate that,…

  8. Community College of Denver. North Campus, Denver, Colorado

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, John D.

    1976-01-01

    The soon-to-be-completed North Campus of the Community College of Denver demonstrates a conviction on the part of the state and the design team that the use of solar energy is economically and technologically and alternative to the continued consumption of fossil fuel. (Author/MLF)

  9. LGBTQ People on Community College Campuses: A 20-Year Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leider, Steven J.

    2012-01-01

    In March 2000, an "ERIC Digest" was published on the status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students on community college campuses. It was immediately apparent that there was a dearth of literature on the subject, nor was research being conducted about these student populations. The "Digest" examined some possible reasons why. This…

  10. A Multi-Component Model for HIV/AIDS Prevention Education on the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sankaran, Gopal; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Describes an approach to building a multidimensional HIV/AIDS prevention education model for college campuses based on surveys of students' and faculty members' knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS. The model emphasizes education, campus health services, campus environment, counseling and support services, and campus community coalitions. (SM)

  11. Creating a Safe Campus. A Guide for College and University Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, David

    Campus crime and violence and other student safety matters have become critical issues for higher education administrators. This book addresses these issues in the context of the Campus Security Act of 1990. The first three chapters, "The College Campus in Transition,""Issues and Impacts of Campus Crime," and "Threats to a…

  12. Hate Speech on Small College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemmer, Joseph J., Jr.

    A study identified and evaluated the approach of small colleges in dealing with hate speech and/or verbal harassment incidents. A questionnaire was sent to the Dean of Students at 200 randomly-selected small (500-2000 students), private, liberal arts colleges and universities. Responses were received from 132 institutions, for a response rate of…

  13. Organizational Structure in Multi-Campus Community Junior Colleges/Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Nai-Kwang

    The administrative structures and functions of multi-campus colleges/districts of the same size as the Community College of Denver (CCD) were investigated to determine the positive and negative aspects of multi-campus colleges vs. separate independent colleges and of centralization vs. decentralization of 38 administrative functions. A survey of…

  14. Sexual Assault on the College Campus: The Role of Male Peer Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Martin D.; DeKeseredy, Walter S.

    This book links research on two topics--sexual assault on North American college and university campuses and the role played by male peer support in such assaults. Disputing the notion that college campuses are safe havens from crime, the first chapter defines sexual assault, notes the incidence and prevalence of campus sexual assault, and…

  15. Miami-Dade Community College 1984 Institutional Self-Study. Volume VIII: Medical Center Campus Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miami-Dade Community Coll., FL.

    Part of a systematic, in-depth assessment of Miami-Dade Community College's (MDCC's) educational programs, student support systems, and selected campus-level activities, this volume of the college's institutional self-study report examines the impact and effectiveness of the Medical Center Campus. The report contains the results of a campus study…

  16. Comparing Perceptions of Campus Crime Severity among Community College and Public Four-Year University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundstrom, Loren M.

    2010-01-01

    In recent years violent crimes on several university campuses have been highlighted by mass media, drawing national attention to the issue of campus crime. Not all college campuses, however, experience the same level of crime. While community colleges serve roughly half of all undergraduates in the U.S., statistically these public institutions…

  17. Technical Services: One Example of Cooperation and Coordination in a Large, Multi-Campus Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beeson, Sandra; Sabol, Cathy

    1986-01-01

    Describes Northern Virginia Community College's unique system of cooperation and coordination whereby the five campus Learning Resources Centers, the Media Processing Services unit, and the central technical services unit for the campuses work together to achieve college and campus goals through a Learning Resource System. (DMM)

  18. Physically Disabled Students on the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burbach, Harold J.; Babbitt, Charles E.

    1988-01-01

    Interview and questionnaire data derived from 93 physically disabled college students were used to examine: personal background and self concept; student academic orientation; orientation to physical environment; orientation to extracurricular life; and interpersonal relations. (DB)

  19. Conveying Campus Sexual Misconduct Policy Information to College and University Students: Results from a 7-Campus Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, S. J.; Edwards, K. M.; Banyard, V. L.; Stapleton, J. G.; Demers, J. M.; Moynihan, M. M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To examine the efficacy of different methods (ie, in-class policy reading; in-class policy reading and discussion; no reading or discussion) to deliver campus sexual misconduct policy information to students on 7 campuses. Participants: A total of 1,195 participants at 7 colleges and universities participated in the study from August to…

  20. Conveying Campus Sexual Misconduct Policy Information to College and University Students: Results from a 7-Campus Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, S. J.; Edwards, K. M.; Banyard, V. L.; Stapleton, J. G.; Demers, J. M.; Moynihan, M. M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To examine the efficacy of different methods (ie, in-class policy reading; in-class policy reading and discussion; no reading or discussion) to deliver campus sexual misconduct policy information to students on 7 campuses. Participants: A total of 1,195 participants at 7 colleges and universities participated in the study from August to…

  1. Campus food and beverage purchases are associated with indicators of diet quality in college students living off campus.

    PubMed

    Pelletier, Jennifer E; Laska, Melissa N

    2013-01-01

    To examine the association between college students' dietary patterns and frequency of purchasing food/beverages from campus area venues, purchasing fast food, and bringing food from home. Cross-sectional Student Health and Wellness Study. One community college and one public university in the Twin Cities, Minnesota. Diverse college students living off campus (n = 1059; 59% nonwhite; mean [SD] age, 22 [5] years). Participants self-reported sociodemographic characteristics and frequency of purchasing food/beverages around campus, purchasing fast food, and bringing food from home. Campus area purchases included à la carte facilities, vending machines, beverages, and nearby restaurants/stores. Dietary outcomes included breakfast and evening meal consumption (d/wk) and summary variables of fruit and vegetable, dairy, calcium, fiber, added sugar, and fat intake calculated from food frequency screeners. The associations between each purchasing behavior and dietary outcomes were examined using t-tests and linear regression. Approximately 45% of students purchased food/beverages from at least one campus area venue ≥3 times per week. Frequent food/beverage purchasing around campus was associated with less frequent breakfast consumption and higher fat and added sugar intake, similar to fast-food purchasing. Bringing food from home was associated with healthier dietary patterns. Increasing the healthfulness of campus food environments and promoting healthy food and beverage purchasing around campuses may be an important target for nutrition promotion among college students.

  2. Cigarette butts near building entrances: what is the impact of smoke-free college campus policies?

    PubMed

    Lee, Joseph G L; Ranney, Leah M; Goldstein, Adam O

    2013-03-01

    Indoor and outdoor tobacco-free campus policies for schools, hospitals and universities are increasingly being adopted. Yet, little direct evidence exists on the impact of tobacco-free campuses on tobacco outcomes. To identify differences in cigarettes smoked at main campus building entrances by campus policy strength. Researchers collected cigarette butts (n=3427) at main building entrances (n=67) at baseline and follow-up on 19 community college campuses stratified by strength of campus outdoor tobacco policy (none, perimeter/designated area, 100% tobacco free). Outcome measures included the number of butts per day at building entrances averaged to create a campus score. Analysis of variance techniques examined differences in scores by the strength of campuses' outdoor tobacco policy. One hundred per cent tobacco-free community college campuses had significantly fewer cigarette butts at doors than campuses with no outdoor restrictions. Butts on community college campuses with partial policies were not statistically different from campuses with no policy or campuses with a 100% tobacco-free policy but indicated that a dose-response relationship may exist. This study provides some of the first evidence on the impact of 100% tobacco-free outdoor policies on college campuses using an objective and reproducible measure. Such policies likely provide a more healthful environment for students, staff, faculty and visitors.

  3. Junior College Campus Sites--How to Save Money. Aspects of the Junior College, Brief-7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alt, Weston M.

    Junior College campuses should be planned with their accessibility to students foremost in mind. Their size may involve about 150 acres. It is false reasoning to assume that a school district will save money by the delay in becoming part of a junior college district. Costs per acre are rising so rapidly that school districts cannot afford to wait.…

  4. Enforcing Alcohol Policies on College Campuses: Reports from College Enforcement Officials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toomey, Traci L.; Miazga, Mark J.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Erickson, Darin J.; Winters, Ken C.; Nelson, Toben F.

    2011-01-01

    We assessed alcohol enforcement practices at 343 U.S. colleges via surveys of directors of campus law enforcement. We measured types and frequency of enforcement and barriers to enforcement. We found that 61% of colleges indicated nearly always proactively enforcing alcohol policies, with most frequent enforcement at intercollegiate sporting…

  5. Enforcing Alcohol Policies on College Campuses: Reports from College Enforcement Officials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toomey, Traci L.; Miazga, Mark J.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Erickson, Darin J.; Winters, Ken C.; Nelson, Toben F.

    2011-01-01

    We assessed alcohol enforcement practices at 343 U.S. colleges via surveys of directors of campus law enforcement. We measured types and frequency of enforcement and barriers to enforcement. We found that 61% of colleges indicated nearly always proactively enforcing alcohol policies, with most frequent enforcement at intercollegiate sporting…

  6. PREVENTIVE PSYCHIATRY ON THE COLLEGE CAMPUS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KYSAR, JOHN E.

    THE ELIMINATION PROCESSES OF AMERICAN COLLEGES, DETRIMENTAL TO THE MENTAL HEALTH OF STUDENTS, ARE RESULTING IN MANY DROP-OUTS WHO ARE NOT LACKING IN ACADEMIC SKILLS. THE "SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST" METHOD OF ELIMINATION PRESUPPOSES FAILURE OF THE STUDENTS AND OVERLOOKS PSYCHO-SOCIAL FACTORS WHICH MAY HANDICAP LOWER-MIDDLE OR LOWER CLASS STUDENTS.…

  7. College Students' Perceptions of Campus Sustainability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emanuel, Richard; Adams, J. N.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to ascertain whether or not there are differences between college students in Alabama and Hawaii based on three questions: are students concerned about the present/future? What do students know about sustainability? Who is responsible for sustainability? Design/methodology/approach: Two approaches were used to…

  8. Binge Drinking Rates Dropping on College Campuses

    MedlinePlus

    ... swath of government agencies. The team found that alcohol-impaired driving among college students declined from 29 percent in 2005 to 17 ... Ph.D., postdoctoral researcher, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann ... Drugs HealthDay Copyright (c) 2017 HealthDay . All ...

  9. College Students' Perceptions of Campus Sustainability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emanuel, Richard; Adams, J. N.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to ascertain whether or not there are differences between college students in Alabama and Hawaii based on three questions: are students concerned about the present/future? What do students know about sustainability? Who is responsible for sustainability? Design/methodology/approach: Two approaches were used to…

  10. Campus Crisis Response at Viberg College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaker, Rachel; Viars, Jamie

    2014-01-01

    This fictional case study examines crisis response in higher education settings. Information about current crisis response procedures, plans, and trends was gathered from informational interviews, current crisis management literature, and multiple college and university websites. The information was synthesized into a fictional case study using…

  11. Campus Crisis Response at Viberg College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaker, Rachel; Viars, Jamie

    2014-01-01

    This fictional case study examines crisis response in higher education settings. Information about current crisis response procedures, plans, and trends was gathered from informational interviews, current crisis management literature, and multiple college and university websites. The information was synthesized into a fictional case study using…

  12. Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention on College Campuses: Model Programs, 1999 and 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention, Newton, MA.

    Recent research confirms that college campuses continue to have significant alcohol and other drug-use problems. Although the vast majority of college students are under the legal drinking age of 21, alcohol is the drug that causes the most problems. Studies conducted on college campuses suggest a strong relationship between alcohol and other drug…

  13. Supporting the Dream: How California Community Colleges Are Responding to the Needs of Foster Youth on Their Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cantu, Laura Beatriz

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation closely examines the experience of foster youth attending California community colleges and how campuses are responding to their educational needs. Foster youth have the least successful educational outcomes of any population of young Americans. They also represent one of the most vulnerable and academically at-risk populations…

  14. College campus smoking policies and programs and students' smoking behaviors

    PubMed Central

    Borders, Tyrone F; Xu, K Tom; Bacchi, Donna; Cohen, Lee; SoRelle-Miner, Danielle

    2005-01-01

    Background Although tobacco use in the United States has declined over the past 20 years, cigarette use among college students remains high. Additional research is thus needed to determine how university tobacco control policies and preventive education programs affect college students' smoking behaviors. Methods Approximately 13,000 undergraduate students at 12 universities or colleges in the state of Texas completed a web-based survey. College smoking policies were obtained from a survey of college administrators and from college websites. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the effects of individual smoking policies and programs on the odds of cigarette smoking. Results Of the individual programs, only having a preventive education program on campus was associated with lower odds of smoking. The existence of smoking cessation programs and designated smoking areas were associated with higher odds of smoking. Policies governing the sale and distribution of cigarettes were insignificantly associated with smoking. Conclusion Rather than focusing on policies restricting cigarette sales and use, college administrators should consider implementing or expanding tobacco prevention and education programs to further reduce student smoking rates. PMID:16001977

  15. Demographic and Academic Trends in Drinking Patterns and Alcohol-Related Problems on Dry College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Dexter M.; Johnson, Mark B.; Voas, Robert B.; Turrisi, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Restricting alcohol consumption on campus is a measure often used by college administrators to prevent alcohol abuse and-alcohol-related problems. The effect of dry campus policies on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems, however, remains poorly understood. This report will compare characteristics of two dry campuses with descriptions…

  16. Case Study of a College that Closed: Saint Mary's College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Alice W.

    2011-01-01

    Few colleges choose to close. One that did was Saint Mary's College in Raleigh, North Carolina. Although trustees resisted for a decade, they ultimately made the decision before an anticipated denial of accreditation, allowing the college to control its final days in ways not possible for those who wait until an outside agency forces closure. This…

  17. Case Study of a College that Closed: Saint Mary's College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Alice W.

    2011-01-01

    Few colleges choose to close. One that did was Saint Mary's College in Raleigh, North Carolina. Although trustees resisted for a decade, they ultimately made the decision before an anticipated denial of accreditation, allowing the college to control its final days in ways not possible for those who wait until an outside agency forces closure. This…

  18. Meeting Students' Needs on the Titanic: Lessons Learned While Closing a Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Kathryn L.

    In March 1991, the Regents of the University of Minnesota voted to close the two-year campus at Waseca (UMW) campus effective June 1992. Student needs were the overriding factor in administrative decision making during the final year. It was necessary to continue current services in a "normal," if modified, fashion, while at the same…

  19. Meeting Students' Needs on the Titanic: Lessons Learned While Closing a Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Kathryn L.

    In March 1991, the Regents of the University of Minnesota voted to close the two-year campus at Waseca (UMW) campus effective June 1992. Student needs were the overriding factor in administrative decision making during the final year. It was necessary to continue current services in a "normal," if modified, fashion, while at the same…

  20. Envisioning an Ecologically Sustainable Campus At New England College

    SciTech Connect

    Paula Amato; Gregory Palmer

    2010-09-30

    Appropriation funding for our project Ecologically Sustainable Campus - New England College (NH). 67.09. supported five environmental initiatives: (1) a wood pellet boiler for our Science Building, (2) solar hot water panels and systems for five campus buildings, (3) campus-wide energy lighting efficiency project, (4) new efficiency boiler system in Colby Residence Hall, and (5) energy efficient lighting system for the new artificial athletic turf field. (1) New England College purchased and installed a new wood pellet boiler in the Science Building. This new boiler serves as the primary heating source for this building. Our boiler was purchased through New England Wood Pellet, LLC, located in Jaffrey, New Hampshire. The boiler selected was a Swebo, P500. 300KW wood pellet boiler. The primary goals, objectives, and outcomes of this initiative include the installation of a wood pellet boiler system that is environmentally friendly, highly efficient, and represents a sustainable and renewable resource for New England College. This project was completed on December 15, 2010. (2) New England College purchased and installed solar hot water panels and systems for the Science Building, the Simon Center (student center), the H. Raymond Danforth Library, Gilmore Dining Hall, and Bridges Gymnasium. The College worked with Granite State Plumbing & Heating, LLC, located in Weare, New Hampshire on this project. The solar panels are manufactured by Heat Transfer; the product is Heat Transfer 30-tube collector panels (Evacuated Tube Type) with stainless steel hardware. The interior equipment includes Super Stor Ultra stainless steel super insulated storage tank, Taco 009 Bronze circulator pump, Solar Relay Control Pack, and a Taco Thermal Expansion Tank. The primary goals, objectives, and outcomes of this initiative will allow the College to utilize the sun as an energy resource. These solar hot water panels and systems will alleviate our dependency on fossil fuel as our primary

  1. An Assessment of Campus Police Departments across Mississippi's Public Community and Junior Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boggs, Brad D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to provide an assessment of campus police departments throughout the 15 public community and junior colleges in Mississippi. This research could provide Mississippi community and junior college administrators the opportunity to observe and appraise the overall safety of their respective campuses in comparison to safety…

  2. Heavy Drinking on College Campuses: No Reason to Change Minimum Legal Drinking Age of 21

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saylor, Drew K.

    2011-01-01

    The recent Amethyst Initiative argues that a minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) of 21 has created a culture of heavy alcohol use on college campuses by making drinking clandestine and extreme. This group and others argue that lowering the MLDA will reduce the problem of "binge drinking" on college campuses. However, such a policy change would…

  3. The Ecology of Volunteerism among College Women: Identifying Campus Environments That Inform Volunteering Behaviors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axlund McBride, RaeLyn; Lott, Joe L.

    2015-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between campus environments, female college student peer culture, and the tendency to volunteer while in college. The authors used Bronfenbrenner's ecological model of human development (1977, 2005) as a framework to (a) identify one multi-faceted campus environment that is linked to volunteerism among college…

  4. A Hidden Crisis: Including the LGBT Community When Addressing Sexual Violence on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pérez, Zenen Jaimes; Hussey, Hannah

    2014-01-01

    Recently, sexual assault on college campuses has received increased national attention. In its first report, the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault highlighted steps colleges and universities can take to curb the number of sexual assaults on campuses. For the first time, the U.S. Department of Education has released the…

  5. The Availability, Prospects, and Fiscal Potential of On-Campus Housing at Rural Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moeck, Pat G.; Katsinas, Stephen G.; Hardy, David E.; Bush, V. Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Many rural community colleges have long provided on-campus housing. This article profiles the availability of housing at rural community colleges in 2001-2002 and 2005-2006, examines the factors that will continue to make on-campus housing an important service at rural institutions, and draws on 2005-2006 data from the Institutional…

  6. The Realities of a Learning Skills Center in a College without a Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bopp, Bobbie J.

    The Learning Skills Center (LSC) of Whatcom, Washington, Community College is a service, not a place. The college campus is the whole county and the LSC is offered in more than one location in the county. The disadvantages of the scattered-campus LSC include complicated decentralized record-keeping, the necessity of duplicated services and…

  7. Campus Free Speech Presents Both Legal and PR Challenges for Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen, AiVi; Dragga, Anthony

    2016-01-01

    Free speech is fast becoming a hot-button issue at colleges across the country, with campus protests often mirroring those of the public-at-large on issues such as racism or tackling institution-specific matters such as college governance. On the surface, the issue of campus free speech may seem like a purely legal concern, yet in reality,…

  8. Heavy Drinking on College Campuses: No Reason to Change Minimum Legal Drinking Age of 21

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saylor, Drew K.

    2011-01-01

    The recent Amethyst Initiative argues that a minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) of 21 has created a culture of heavy alcohol use on college campuses by making drinking clandestine and extreme. This group and others argue that lowering the MLDA will reduce the problem of "binge drinking" on college campuses. However, such a policy change would…

  9. Two-Year College Compliance with the Notice Requirements of the Campus Security Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callaway, Robert L.; Gehring, Donald D.; Douthett, Tracy J.

    2000-01-01

    Investigates if two-year colleges are complying with the notice requirement of the Campus Security Act by providing everyone requesting admission information a summary of the contents of their security report. Finds that only slightly more than 6% of the two-year colleges surveyed met the notice requirement of the Campus Security Act. (VWC)

  10. Gender and Race Are Significant Determinants of Students' Food Choices on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boek, Stacey; Bianco-Simeral, Stephanie; Chan, Kenny; Goto, Keiko

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To examine the roles of gender and race in students' determinants of food choices on a college campus. Methods: A total of 405 college students participated in a survey entitled "Campus Food: You Tell Us!" Chi-square and logistic regression were used to examine associations between demographics and food choice determinants. Results:…

  11. Campus Free Speech Presents Both Legal and PR Challenges for Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen, AiVi; Dragga, Anthony

    2016-01-01

    Free speech is fast becoming a hot-button issue at colleges across the country, with campus protests often mirroring those of the public-at-large on issues such as racism or tackling institution-specific matters such as college governance. On the surface, the issue of campus free speech may seem like a purely legal concern, yet in reality,…

  12. Achieving Reasonable Campus Security. Self-Regulation Initiatives: Resource Documents for Colleges and Universities, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC.

    Steps colleges can take to minimize the likelihood of violent crime on campuses are recommended, and administrative responsibilities are identified. Important basics are to inform campus members about security risks and about procedures for summoning aid during an emergency. While attending to educational values, colleges should consider whether…

  13. The Ecology of Volunteerism among College Women: Identifying Campus Environments That Inform Volunteering Behaviors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axlund McBride, RaeLyn; Lott, Joe L.

    2015-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between campus environments, female college student peer culture, and the tendency to volunteer while in college. The authors used Bronfenbrenner's ecological model of human development (1977, 2005) as a framework to (a) identify one multi-faceted campus environment that is linked to volunteerism among college…

  14. Responding to Hate Crimes and Bias-Motivated Incidents on College/University Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Community Relations Service.

    The Community Relations Service (CRS), an arm of the U.S. Department of Justice, brought together representatives from college campus law enforcement, college administrators, students, academicians, and civil rights organizations to discuss how different campuses are handling hate crimes in areas including crime investigation, victim assistance,…

  15. An Assessment of Campus Police Departments across Mississippi's Public Community and Junior Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boggs, Brad D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to provide an assessment of campus police departments throughout the 15 public community and junior colleges in Mississippi. This research could provide Mississippi community and junior college administrators the opportunity to observe and appraise the overall safety of their respective campuses in comparison to safety…

  16. Residence Hall Room Type and Alcohol Use among College Students Living on Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Jennifer E.; Zimmerman, Don; O'Grady, Megan A.

    2009-01-01

    The objectives were to explore the relation between the built environment of residence halls and the alcohol use of college students living on campus from the perspective of the theory of routine activity. This exploratory study examined data from two samples on one college campus. Online surveys assessed alcohol use, attitudes toward alcohol use,…

  17. Gender and Race Are Significant Determinants of Students' Food Choices on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boek, Stacey; Bianco-Simeral, Stephanie; Chan, Kenny; Goto, Keiko

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To examine the roles of gender and race in students' determinants of food choices on a college campus. Methods: A total of 405 college students participated in a survey entitled "Campus Food: You Tell Us!" Chi-square and logistic regression were used to examine associations between demographics and food choice determinants. Results:…

  18. Conveying campus sexual misconduct policy information to college and university students: Results from a 7-campus study.

    PubMed

    Potter, S J; Edwards, K M; Banyard, V L; Stapleton, J G; Demers, J M; Moynihan, M M

    2016-01-01

    To examine the efficacy of different methods (ie, in-class policy reading; in-class policy reading and discussion; no reading or discussion) to deliver campus sexual misconduct policy information to students on 7 campuses. A total of 1,195 participants at 7 colleges and universities participated in the study from August to October 2014. Participants were randomly assigned at the class level and completed pretest and posttest surveys assessing knowledge of campus policy and resources and confidence to seek help for sexual assault. Students exposed to a larger dosage of material (in-class policy reading plus discussion) showed greater positive changes in attitudes and knowledge than students who did not receive information or were only read the policy. However, on some indices, students who were only read the policy showed positive outcomes compared with students receiving no intervention. Colleges and universities must use engaging methods to disseminate campus sexual misconduct policies to students.

  19. University presidents' perceptions and practice regarding the carrying of concealed handguns on college campuses.

    PubMed

    Price, James H; Thompson, Amy; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Dake, Joseph; Payton, Erica; Teeple, Karen

    2014-01-01

    To assess the perceptions and practices of a national sample of college and university presidents regarding their support for concealed handguns being carried on college campuses. The sample for this study consisted of a national random sample of 900 college or university presidents. In the spring of 2013, a 3-wave mailing procedure was used to ensure an adequate response rate to a valid and reliable questionnaire. The response rate was 46%, more than what was needed based on the power analysis. The vast majority (95%) of respondents were not supportive of carrying concealed handguns on campuses. They perceived there to be more disadvantages than advantages to handguns on campus. However, college administrators were not focused enough on the primary prevention of campus firearm trauma. The findings of this study suggest a number of activities that could be implemented to enhance safety on college and university campuses.

  20. The Status of US Multi-campus Colleges and Schools of Pharmacy

    PubMed Central

    Harrison, Lauren C.; DiPiro, Joseph T.

    2010-01-01

    Objective To assess the current status of multi-campus colleges and schools of pharmacy within the United States. Methods Data on multi-campus programs, technology, communication, and opinions regarding benefits and challenges were collected from Web sites, e-mail, and phone interviews from all colleges and schools of pharmacy with students in class on more than 1 campus. Results Twenty schools and colleges of pharmacy (18 public and 2 private) had multi-campus programs; 16 ran parallel campuses and 4 ran sequential campuses. Most programs used synchronous delivery of classes. The most frequently reported reasons for establishing the multi-campus program were to have access to a hospital and/or medical campus and clinical resources located away from the main campus and to increase class size. Effectiveness of distance education technology was most often sited as a challenge. Conclusion About 20% of colleges and schools of pharmacy have multi-campus programs most often to facilitate access to clinical resources and to increase class size. These programs expand learning opportunities and face challenges related to technology, resources, and communication. PMID:21088729

  1. The status of US multi-campus colleges and schools of pharmacy.

    PubMed

    Harrison, Lauren C; Congdon, Heather Brennan; DiPiro, Joseph T

    2010-09-10

    To assess the current status of multi-campus colleges and schools of pharmacy within the United States. Data on multi-campus programs, technology, communication, and opinions regarding benefits and challenges were collected from Web sites, e-mail, and phone interviews from all colleges and schools of pharmacy with students in class on more than 1 campus. Twenty schools and colleges of pharmacy (18 public and 2 private) had multi-campus programs; 16 ran parallel campuses and 4 ran sequential campuses. Most programs used synchronous delivery of classes. The most frequently reported reasons for establishing the multi-campus program were to have access to a hospital and/or medical campus and clinical resources located away from the main campus and to increase class size. Effectiveness of distance education technology was most often sited as a challenge. About 20% of colleges and schools of pharmacy have multi-campus programs most often to facilitate access to clinical resources and to increase class size. These programs expand learning opportunities and face challenges related to technology, resources, and communication.

  2. Physical activity patterns by campus housing status among African American female college students.

    PubMed

    Ajibade, Phoebe Butler

    2011-01-01

    Physical activity protects against heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and cancer. Fewer than 40% of African American women obtain recommended amounts of physical activity. Healthy Campus 2010 identifies physical activity as a top priority for improving the health of college students. However, during college, women tend to reduce their levels of physical activity. This study examines the relationship between campus housing and physical activity behaviors in a sample of African American female college students (N = 138). Participants who lived on campus were significantly more likely to meet the recommended amounts of both moderate and vigorous physical activity than students who lived off campus (44% vs. 19%). The results demonstrate the importance of campus fitness resources in explaining the role that the built environment can play in increased physical activity among this population. Recommendations for the use of the campus's built environment and fitness resources are provided.

  3. Reducing firearm-related violence on college campuses-police chiefs' perceptions and practices.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Amy; Price, James H; Mrdjenovich, Adam J; Khubchandani, Jagdish

    2009-01-01

    Firearms are used in the majority of college aged suicides and homicides. With recent efforts by various gun lobbying groups to have firearms more accessible to college students on campuses, there is the potential for more firearm-related morbidity and mortality. This study assessed university police chiefs' perceptions and practices concerning selected issues of firearm violence and its reduction on college campuses. The Directory of the International Association for College Law Enforcement Administrators was used to identify a national random sample of campus police chiefs (n = 600). The respondents were predominantly males (89%), 40 to 59 years of age (71%), Caucasian (85%), and worked for 21or more years in law enforcement (75%). In the fall of 2008, a 2-wave mailing procedure was used to ensure an adequate response rate to a valid and reliable questionnaire. A total of 417 (70%) questionnaires were returned. A firearm incident had occurred in the past year on 25% of campuses and on 35% of campuses within the past 5 years. The majority of campuses (57%) had a plan in place for longer than a year to deal with an "active shooter" on campus. Virtually all (97%) of the campuses had a policy in place that prohibited firearms on campus. The primary barrier (46%) to a highly visible campus plan for preventing firearms violence was the perception that firearms violence was not a problem on their campus. A greater awareness of the importance of a highly visible campus firearm policy and its potential for reducing firearm trauma on college campuses is needed.

  4. Integrating Mental Health Promotion and Substance Abuse Prevention on College Campuses. Prevention Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2011

    2011-01-01

    According to the American Psychiatric Association, college can be an exciting time, though for some it can be overwhelming and stressful. Depression, anxiety, substance use, and eating disorders are common mental health issues on college campuses. The 2010 American College Health Association National College Health Assessment found that 28 percent…

  5. Finding "safe" campuses: predicting the presence of LGBT student groups at North Carolina colleges and universities.

    PubMed

    Kane, Melinda D

    2013-01-01

    A key indicator of a supportive campus climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) college students is the existence of an LGBT student organization. This article integrates the research on high school LGBT policies and programs with social movement studies of campus activism to examine the characteristics associated with the existence of university-approved LGBT groups on North Carolina campuses. Drawing on data from the National Center for Education Statistics, campus Web sites, and other sources, logistic regression is used to examine the importance of public opinion, campus and community resources, and the institutional context in predicting the location of these student groups.

  6. A Theoretical Model to Explain the Overrepresentation of College Men among Campus Judicial Offenders: Implications for Campus Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harper, Shaun R.; Harris, Frank, III; Mmeje, Kenechukwu (K.C.)

    2005-01-01

    As is the case in most K-12 schools, male students, in comparison to their female counterparts, disproportionately violate policies and are sanctioned more often for violence and disruptive behaviors on college and university campuses across the country. A theoretical model to explain this phenomenon is proposed in this article. Specifically, a…

  7. Where the Women Aren't: Gender Differences in the Use of LGBT Resources on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westbrook, Laurel

    2009-01-01

    LGBT campus resources are vital for many LGBT college students' wellbeing and academic success. In this article, I explore what factors may cause different groups under the LGBT umbrella to be included in or excluded from use of LGBT campus resources. I examine patterns of participation at two college campuses: one where women wanted access to…

  8. Assessment of Attitudes Regarding Tobacco-Free Campus Policy and Secondhand Smoke Exposure among College Students, Faculty, and Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Michael E.; Williams, Ronald D., Jr.; Hunt, Barry

    2015-01-01

    Background: Recently there has been a push to implement tobacco-free policies on college campuses. Policies creating tobacco-free college campuses have increased with changes in social norms. The campus environment provides a setting for individuals to express their attitudes regarding tobacco use. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess…

  9. Where the Women Aren't: Gender Differences in the Use of LGBT Resources on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westbrook, Laurel

    2009-01-01

    LGBT campus resources are vital for many LGBT college students' wellbeing and academic success. In this article, I explore what factors may cause different groups under the LGBT umbrella to be included in or excluded from use of LGBT campus resources. I examine patterns of participation at two college campuses: one where women wanted access to…

  10. Assessment of Attitudes Regarding Tobacco-Free Campus Policy and Secondhand Smoke Exposure among College Students, Faculty, and Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Michael E.; Williams, Ronald D., Jr.; Hunt, Barry

    2015-01-01

    Background: Recently there has been a push to implement tobacco-free policies on college campuses. Policies creating tobacco-free college campuses have increased with changes in social norms. The campus environment provides a setting for individuals to express their attitudes regarding tobacco use. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess…

  11. A Calculated Gamble Pays Off: Villa Julie College's Leasing of Off-Campus Apartments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    June, Audrey Williams

    2007-01-01

    Officials at Villa Julie College marvel at how quickly the institution's transformation took place, from serving commuters to becoming a much more residential campus. As recently as the 2003-2004 academic year, Villa Julie, located in an affluent suburb of Baltimore, was leasing off-campus apartments to house more than 300 students because zoning…

  12. Campus food and beverage purchases are associated with indicators of diet quality in college students

    PubMed Central

    Pelletier, JE; Laska, MN

    2013-01-01

    Purpose To examine the association between college students' overall dietary patterns and their frequency of purchasing food and beverages from campus area venues, purchasing fast food, and bringing food from home. Design Cross-sectional Student Health and Wellness Study. Setting One community college and one public university in the Twin Cities, MN. Subjects Diverse college students living off campus (n=1,059, 59% nonwhite, mean (SD) age 22 (5) years). Measures Participants self-reported socio-demographic characteristics and frequency of purchasing food/beverages around campus, purchasing fast food, and bringing food from home. Campus area purchases included those from à la carte facilities, vending machines, beverages, and nearby restaurants/stores. Dietary outcome measures included breakfast and evening meal consumption frequency (days/week) and summary variables of fruit and vegetable, dairy, calcium, fiber, added sugar, and fat intake calculated from food frequency screeners. Analysis T-tests and linear regression examined the association between each purchasing behavior and dietary outcomes. Results Approximately 45 percent of students purchased food/beverages from at least one campus area venue ≥3 times/week. Frequent food/beverage purchasing around campus was associated with less frequent breakfast consumption and higher fat and added sugar intake, similar to fast food purchasing. Bringing food from home was associated with healthier dietary patterns. Conclusion Increasing the healthfulness of campus food environments and promoting healthy food and beverage purchasing on and around campuses may be an important target for nutrition promotion among college students. PMID:23631451

  13. The Practical Application of Promoting Positive Body Image on a College Campus: Insights from Freshmen Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith-Jackson, TeriSue; Reel, Justine J.; Thackeray, Rosemary

    2014-01-01

    Background: Body image disturbances and disordered eating behaviors are prevalent across college campuses and can lead to psychological and physical health consequences. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gain formative research on the promotion of positive body image on a university campus with the goal of developing educational programs.…

  14. Digital Media Education and Advocacy: Addressing Attitudes toward Disability on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartley, Michael T.; Mapes, Aimee C.; Taylor, Aryn; Bourgeois, Paul J.

    2016-01-01

    As digital information becomes the preferred mode of communication, media applications have become an emerging context to address attitudes toward disability. This practice brief details digital media as one method to critically frame ableism on college campuses, promoting a more inclusive campus environment. Coordinated by the disability service…

  15. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Mapping of Environmental Samples across College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purvis-Roberts, Kathleen L.; Moeur, Harriet P.; Zanella, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    In this laboratory experiment, students take environmental samples at various locations around the college campuses, take geospatial coordinates with a global position systems (GPS) unit, and map their results on a geo-referenced campus map with geographical information systems (GIS) software. Nitrogen dioxide air pollution sampling is used as an…

  16. Examining the Complexity of the Campus Racial Climate at a Hispanic Serving Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuellar, Marcela; Johnson-Ahorlu, Robin Nicole

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Despite the growing representation of Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs) among community colleges, relatively little is known about student perceptions of the campus climate at these institutions. Although perceptions of campus climate may differ by race and adversely affect students of color, most research has been conducted at…

  17. Examining the Complexity of the Campus Racial Climate at a Hispanic Serving Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuellar, Marcela; Johnson-Ahorlu, Robin Nicole

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Despite the growing representation of Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs) among community colleges, relatively little is known about student perceptions of the campus climate at these institutions. Although perceptions of campus climate may differ by race and adversely affect students of color, most research has been conducted at…

  18. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Mapping of Environmental Samples across College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purvis-Roberts, Kathleen L.; Moeur, Harriet P.; Zanella, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    In this laboratory experiment, students take environmental samples at various locations around the college campuses, take geospatial coordinates with a global position systems (GPS) unit, and map their results on a geo-referenced campus map with geographical information systems (GIS) software. Nitrogen dioxide air pollution sampling is used as an…

  19. Addressing Sexual Assault on College Campuses: Guidelines for a Prevention/Awareness Week.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Robin Wilbourn; Caruso, Michele E.; Goins, Shelley E.; Southerland, Jennifer P.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses concepts that are related to providing education and training regarding sexual assault, as outlined by the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act. Because college counseling center staff members often initiate and plan campus outreach prevention programs, an outline is provided of a prevention/awareness week intervention that is…

  20. The Practical Application of Promoting Positive Body Image on a College Campus: Insights from Freshmen Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith-Jackson, TeriSue; Reel, Justine J.; Thackeray, Rosemary

    2014-01-01

    Background: Body image disturbances and disordered eating behaviors are prevalent across college campuses and can lead to psychological and physical health consequences. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gain formative research on the promotion of positive body image on a university campus with the goal of developing educational programs.…

  1. Unit Completion Ratio: Assessing Influences of Campus on Community College Student Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuetz, Pam

    2014-01-01

    This study examines survey and transcript data for a stratified random sample of over 4,000 students enrolled in the nine campuses of the Los Angeles Community College District (LACCD) and found that several campuses predict small but statistically significant differences in "unit completion ratio" (defined as the ratio of units [or…

  2. A Calculated Gamble Pays Off: Villa Julie College's Leasing of Off-Campus Apartments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    June, Audrey Williams

    2007-01-01

    Officials at Villa Julie College marvel at how quickly the institution's transformation took place, from serving commuters to becoming a much more residential campus. As recently as the 2003-2004 academic year, Villa Julie, located in an affluent suburb of Baltimore, was leasing off-campus apartments to house more than 300 students because zoning…

  3. University Presidents' Perceptions and Practice Regarding the Carrying of Concealed Handguns on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, James H.; Thompson, Amy; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Dake, Joseph; Payton, Erica; Teeple, Karen

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the perceptions and practices of a national sample of college and university presidents regarding their support for concealed handguns being carried on college campuses. Participants: The sample for this study consisted of a national random sample of 900 college or university presidents. Methods: In the spring of 2013, a…

  4. University Presidents' Perceptions and Practice Regarding the Carrying of Concealed Handguns on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, James H.; Thompson, Amy; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Dake, Joseph; Payton, Erica; Teeple, Karen

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the perceptions and practices of a national sample of college and university presidents regarding their support for concealed handguns being carried on college campuses. Participants: The sample for this study consisted of a national random sample of 900 college or university presidents. Methods: In the spring of 2013, a…

  5. Social Disorganization Theory and Crime Rates on California Community College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravalin, Tamara; Tevis, Tenisha

    2017-01-01

    Recent media attention concerning the escalation of crime on college campuses has created a sense of urgency to address how crime will impact the largest community college system in the United States, California Community Colleges. Crime can deter academic success and social engagement. This study utilizes social disorganization theory to examine…

  6. Social Disorganization Theory and Crime Rates on California Community College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravalin, Tamara; Tevis, Tenisha

    2017-01-01

    Recent media attention concerning the escalation of crime on college campuses has created a sense of urgency to address how crime will impact the largest community college system in the United States, California Community Colleges. Crime can deter academic success and social engagement. This study utilizes social disorganization theory to examine…

  7. Assessment of College and University Campus Tobacco-Free Policies in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Joseph G. L.; Goldstein, Adam O.; Klein, Elizabeth G.; Ranney, Leah M.; Carver, Ashlea M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To develop a reliable and efficient method for assessing prevalence and strength of college/university tobacco-related policies. Participants: North Carolina (NC) public universities, community colleges, and private colleges/universities (N = 110). Methods: A census of policies using campus handbooks and Web sites was conducted in March…

  8. Assessment of College and University Campus Tobacco-Free Policies in North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Joseph G. L.; Goldstein, Adam O.; Klein, Elizabeth G.; Ranney, Leah M.; Carver, Ashlea M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To develop a reliable and efficient method for assessing prevalence and strength of college/university tobacco-related policies. Participants: North Carolina (NC) public universities, community colleges, and private colleges/universities (N = 110). Methods: A census of policies using campus handbooks and Web sites was conducted in March…

  9. College Liability Resulting from Campus Crime: Resurrection for "In Loco Parentis?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Michael Clay

    1990-01-01

    Cites four cases illustrating that college institutions and individual administrators who fail to take adequate protective steps or give adequate warning of risks may be liable, in damage suits, to student victims of subsequent campus criminal activities. (MLF)

  10. E-Cigarette Policies on College Campuses: Student Use Behaviors, Awareness, and Policy Support.

    PubMed

    Brown, Elizabeth M; Henes, Amy L; Olson, Lindsay T

    2016-12-01

    This study examined e-cigarette use and attitudes toward e-cigarette policies among students at colleges and universities with and without policies prohibiting e-cigarette use on campus. In April 2015, we fielded an online survey with a convenience sample of 930 students at 14 North Dakota colleges and universities. The survey included questions about e-cigarette use, observed e-cigarette use on campus, awareness of school e-cigarette policy, and support for policies prohibiting e-cigarette use on campus. Over 40 % of respondents had used e-cigarettes at least once, and most current users reported using them rarely (36 %). Nearly 29 % of respondents reported observing e-cigarette use on campus, and more than half of these reported seeing e-cigarette use indoors. More than 42 % did not know whether their school's policy prohibited e-cigarette use on campus, and students at schools with a policy were more likely to identify their campus policy correctly. Sixty-six percent of respondents were in favor of policies prohibiting e-cigarette use on campus, and those at schools with policies prohibiting e-cigarette use were more likely to support a campus e-cigarette policy. Policies prohibiting e-cigarette use on campus intend to restrict use, reduce prevalence, and shape social norms. This study indicates that support for campus e-cigarette policies is high, although awareness of whether e-cigarettes are included in college and university policies is low. These findings demonstrate the need for coordinated policy education efforts and may guide college administrators and student health services personnel as they consider how to implement and evaluate campus e-cigarette policies.

  11. Evaluating California Campus Tobacco Policies Using the American College Health Association Guidelines and the Institutional Grammar Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roditis, Maria L.; Wang, Donna; Glantz, Stanton A.; Fallin, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To measure comprehensiveness of California campus tobacco policies. Participants: Sixteen campuses representing different regions, institution types, and policies. Research occurred June-August 2013. Methods: Comprehensiveness was scored using American College Health Association's (ACHA) "Position Statement on Tobacco." The…

  12. Evaluating California Campus Tobacco Policies Using the American College Health Association Guidelines and the Institutional Grammar Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roditis, Maria L.; Wang, Donna; Glantz, Stanton A.; Fallin, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To measure comprehensiveness of California campus tobacco policies. Participants: Sixteen campuses representing different regions, institution types, and policies. Research occurred June-August 2013. Methods: Comprehensiveness was scored using American College Health Association's (ACHA) "Position Statement on Tobacco." The…

  13. The green campus movement: Bringing pollution prevention programs to a college near you

    SciTech Connect

    Arenstein, W.A.

    1999-07-01

    Two year community/technical colleges find themselves both the educators and communicators assessing and teaching the environmental mandates of business, government (local, state and federal), and industry. It is evident that many educational institutions are not always environmentally conscious (green) and may not always be in compliance with state and federal environmental laws and regulations. It is very difficult to educate students (both full time and continuing education) in programs designed to protect the environment when few campuses implement pollution prevention activities on site. With this in mind, it is imperative that the college campuses practice what is preached. One way to accomplish this is to make college campuses green campuses, which may be defined as: An educational institution that has implemented environmentally beneficial programs and practices. This includes both pollution prevention activities to minimize the environmental impact of campus programs and administrative operations and the inclusion of environmental instructional materials in relevant courses. The PETE (Partnership for Environmental Technology Education) organization is currently working on grants from the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy to promote green campus activities at colleges around the country. This paper will detail the green campus activities being undertaken at colleges across the nation, especially PETE's Green Campus Initiative program. It will discuss the problems faced in the development, marketing, implementation, and evaluation of green campus pollution prevention and energy efficiency programs. Making a campus green can entail changes to many aspects of campus life, including looking at how an institution deals with such issues as: Waste Curriculum; Water Quality/Use; Building Design; Pest Control/Use of Agricultural Chemicals; Consciousness/Environmental Concern; Air Quality: Outdoor/Indoor; Energy Consumption; Investments

  14. College Students or Criminals? A Postcolonial Geographic Analysis of the Social Field of Whiteness at an Urban Community College Branch Campus and Suburban Main Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dache-Gerbino, Amalia; White, Julie A.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: This study illustrates how external factors of urban and suburban racializations contribute to criminalization and surveillance of an urban community college campus and bus shelters surrounding it. Method: A postcolonial geographic research design is used to analyze geographic and qualitative data. Results: Results show that an urban…

  15. College Students or Criminals? A Postcolonial Geographic Analysis of the Social Field of Whiteness at an Urban Community College Branch Campus and Suburban Main Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dache-Gerbino, Amalia; White, Julie A.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: This study illustrates how external factors of urban and suburban racializations contribute to criminalization and surveillance of an urban community college campus and bus shelters surrounding it. Method: A postcolonial geographic research design is used to analyze geographic and qualitative data. Results: Results show that an urban…

  16. A Comparative Study of Campus Experiences of College Students with Mental Illnesses versus a General College Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salzer, Mark S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Examine campus experiences and relationships of college students with mental illnesses compared to general student norms using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire to understand potential sources of distress and retention issues. Participants: Responses were obtained from 449 former and current students with mental illnesses…

  17. Closed-Circuit Educational Television (ITFS) in Northeastern California: The 33,000 Square Mile Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meuter, Ralph F.; And Others

    This paper describes the Instructional Television Fixed Service (ITFS) program, a closed-circuit educational television system in which classes originating on the California State University, Chico (CSUC) campus are simultaneously broadcast live to various ITFS sites within Northeastern California. Following an introduction, the first section…

  18. Campus Sexual Violence Resources and Emotional Health of College Women Who Have Experienced Sexual Assault.

    PubMed

    Eisenberg, Marla E; Lust, Katherine A; Hannan, Peter J; Porta, Carolyn

    2016-01-01

    Institutional characteristics may help mitigate trauma associated with sexual assault. This study examines associations between resources on college campuses for sexual violence prevention and the emotional well-being of female students who have experienced sexual assault. There were 495 female college students who have experienced sexual assault who provided survey data in 2010-2011. Sexual violence resource data from 28 college campuses were combined with student survey data in multilevel analysis. Dependent variables include diagnosis with anxiety, depression, panic attacks, and PTSD, and models adjust for covariates and clustering of students within colleges. Participants attending colleges with more sexual violence resources had lower rates of mental health conditions than those attending colleges with fewer resources. Colleges are encouraged to expand their array of sexual violence resources to create a supportive environment for victims of sexual assault and to connect affected students with appropriate services.

  19. A comparative study of campus experiences of college students with mental illnesses versus a general college sample.

    PubMed

    Salzer, Mark S

    2012-01-01

    Examine campus experiences and relationships of college students with mental illnesses compared to general student norms using the College Student Experiences Questionnaire to understand potential sources of distress and retention issues. Responses were obtained from 449 former and current students with mental illnesses from more than 300 colleges and universities around the country. Participants completed an online survey available from July 2005 to July 2006. Multivariate analysis of variance and t test results indicate that college students with mental illnesses report less engagement on campus and poorer relationships, and that these factors were associated with lower graduation rates. Students reporting they were treated differently "most of the time" because of a mental illness had the lowest levels of engagement and poorest relationships. More attention is needed to developing interventions that enhance social functioning and engagement and address stigma on campus in order to reduce distress and enhance retention.

  20. Valuing Diversity on Campus: A Multicultural Approach. College Unions At Work Monograph Series Number 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolbright, Cynthia, Ed.

    The social isolation caused by differing cultural backgrounds of minority students on college campuses creates certain "points of tension" that reduce faculty effectiveness and limit student vision. This monograph attempts to provide a greater awareness and understanding of these issues within the context of the role of college unions and student…

  1. Survey of Personnel Practices at Single-Campus Community College Districts in California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedlander, Jack

    In May 1985, a survey was conducted by Napa Valley College (NVC) to determine the salary and personnel practices of the 48 single-campus community college districts in California and compare them with personnel practices at NVC. The survey focused on salary and benefit allocations in school budgets, estimated reserves or ending balance in 1984-85,…

  2. College Student Reactions to Smoking Bans in Public, on Campus and at Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg, Carla J.; Lessard, Laura; Parelkar, Pratibha P.; Thrasher, James; Kegler, Michelle C.; Escoffery, Cam; Goldade, Kathryn; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

    2011-01-01

    We examined college student reactions to a statewide public smoke-free policy, campus policies and private restrictions through an online survey among 2260 students at a 2-year college and a university and 12 focus groups among smokers. Among survey participants, 34.6% smoked in the past month (35.0% daily, 65.0% non-daily). Correlates of…

  3. Harvesting Greatness: With Support from the USDA, Rural Colleges Are Expanding Campuses and Helping Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boerner, Heather

    2015-01-01

    Partnerships between the USDA and rural colleges are one approach that allows individual students and regional economies to fulfill their potential. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has made a decision to be involved with rural community colleges, which has really made a difference on what is happening on campus. Through a dizzying array…

  4. Rape on the Campus: The Prevalence of Sexual Assault while Enrolled in College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finley, Colleen; Corty, Eric

    1993-01-01

    Surveyed 531 college students to examine prevalence of campus sexual assault. Found that one in six women reported assault, with no difference in rate between first- and upper-year women. Alcohol was more commonly involved than was force. Nonconsensual intercourse increased over time in college. Concluded that universities need carefully timed and…

  5. Knowledge, Attitudes, Perceptions, and Beliefs regarding Physical Activity on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullally, Barbara A.

    2011-01-01

    Despite the many proven benefits of exercise, obesity rates on college campuses continue to rise. At the same time, physical activity (PA) courses are being reduced or cut at various educational institutions. The loss of PA courses creates a problem because college students do not receive the necessary education they need in relation to the…

  6. A Winning Play: Healthy College Sports Require Spending Balanced with Campus Values

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brand, Myles

    2008-01-01

    For a trustee on the governing board of one of the more than 1,000 colleges and universities that are members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), intercollegiate athletics often sparks unparalleled excitement and energy. College sports create a sense of community few other campus activities can match. Indeed, sustaining campus…

  7. Reducing Firearm-Related Violence on College Campuses--Police Chiefs' Perceptions and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Amy; Price, James H.; Mrdjenovich, Adam J.; Khubchandani, Jagdish

    2009-01-01

    Context: Firearms are used in the majority of college aged suicides and homicides. With recent efforts by various gun lobbying groups to have firearms more accessible to college students on campuses, there is the potential for more firearm-related morbidity and mortality. Objective: This study assessed university police chiefs' perceptions and…

  8. The Intersection of Gay and Christian Identities on Christian College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wentz, Joel M.; Wessel, Roger D.

    2011-01-01

    Because some Christian colleges prohibit same-sex sexual behaviors, the development of authentic sexual identities on these campuses may be difficult for gay and lesbian students. This article introduces the idea of an identity conflict that may occur between sexual and spiritual identities for gay and lesbian students at Christian colleges and…

  9. Assessing the Vulnerability of Private and Public College Campuses in New Jersey to Domestic Terrorist Attacks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drew, Christopher James

    2016-01-01

    Colleges and universities are among the United States of America's most vulnerable and exploitable targets for individuals and organizations seeking to cause harm and fear. This study specifically addressed the various vulnerabilities identified by those in charge of college campus public safety in New Jersey. The information gathered was very…

  10. Learning Disabilities and the Virtual College Campus: A Grounded Theory of Accessibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollins, Nancy L.

    2012-01-01

    Two trends currently impacting higher education intersect in this study: (1) students with learning disabilities are enrolling in colleges and universities in increasing numbers, and (2) colleges and universities are increasingly relying on the web to provide services to students. This reliance on the "virtual campus" comes without…

  11. Establishing a High School on a College Campus: A Planning Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corallo, Christopher; Redfield, Doris; Jordan, Will; Cavalluzzo, Linda

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this planning tool is to provide educators with a road map for developing a high school/college collaborative program on a college campus. The tool is designed to guide the user through decisions about building a high school/postsecondary education partnership, developing a planning team, building a program of study, developing a…

  12. The Intersection of Gay and Christian Identities on Christian College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wentz, Joel M.; Wessel, Roger D.

    2011-01-01

    Because some Christian colleges prohibit same-sex sexual behaviors, the development of authentic sexual identities on these campuses may be difficult for gay and lesbian students. This article introduces the idea of an identity conflict that may occur between sexual and spiritual identities for gay and lesbian students at Christian colleges and…

  13. Hate in the Ivory Tower: A Survey of Intolerance on College Campuses and Academia's Response.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    People for the American Way, Washington, DC.

    A study of institutional responses to incidents of intolerance on college and university campuses was conducted. A questionnaire was sent to the deans of student affairs and student newspaper editors at 128 four-year colleges and universities; and interviews were conducted with administrators, students, faculty, and staff from 58 institutions, 11…

  14. National Study of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges: Off Campus Inservice Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seldin, Clement A.

    Information concerning off-campus inservice activity (OCIA) at state universities and land grant colleges in the United States was surveyed. There was a 92.5 percent response rate to questionnaires sent to 107 deans of schools, colleges, and departments of education. Inservice activities were considered to be courses, workshops, needs assessments,…

  15. A Winning Play: Healthy College Sports Require Spending Balanced with Campus Values

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brand, Myles

    2008-01-01

    For a trustee on the governing board of one of the more than 1,000 colleges and universities that are members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), intercollegiate athletics often sparks unparalleled excitement and energy. College sports create a sense of community few other campus activities can match. Indeed, sustaining campus…

  16. Learning Disabilities and the Virtual College Campus: A Grounded Theory of Accessibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollins, Nancy L.

    2012-01-01

    Two trends currently impacting higher education intersect in this study: (1) students with learning disabilities are enrolling in colleges and universities in increasing numbers, and (2) colleges and universities are increasingly relying on the web to provide services to students. This reliance on the "virtual campus" comes without…

  17. College Student Reactions to Smoking Bans in Public, on Campus and at Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg, Carla J.; Lessard, Laura; Parelkar, Pratibha P.; Thrasher, James; Kegler, Michelle C.; Escoffery, Cam; Goldade, Kathryn; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

    2011-01-01

    We examined college student reactions to a statewide public smoke-free policy, campus policies and private restrictions through an online survey among 2260 students at a 2-year college and a university and 12 focus groups among smokers. Among survey participants, 34.6% smoked in the past month (35.0% daily, 65.0% non-daily). Correlates of…

  18. Reducing Firearm-Related Violence on College Campuses--Police Chiefs' Perceptions and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Amy; Price, James H.; Mrdjenovich, Adam J.; Khubchandani, Jagdish

    2009-01-01

    Context: Firearms are used in the majority of college aged suicides and homicides. With recent efforts by various gun lobbying groups to have firearms more accessible to college students on campuses, there is the potential for more firearm-related morbidity and mortality. Objective: This study assessed university police chiefs' perceptions and…

  19. Campus Planning Study for Daytona Beach Junior College, Daytona Beach, Florida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caudill, Rowlett and Scott, Architects, Houston, TX.

    Major considerations and findings are presented in regard to the updating of a long range campus plan for the development of buildings, parking areas, drives and sidewalks at Daytona Beach Junior College. Following a consideration of the background and program of the college, a site analysis is presented. Plans and recommendations are offered…

  20. Another Dimension of Campus Date Rape: Assessing College Students' Attitudes. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korn, Jessica S.

    This study examined the prevalence and impact of student attitudes tolerant toward or supportive of sexual aggression including date rape on college campuses. Data for the study come from the 1985 and 1989 Freshman Surveys involving a total of 89,070 male and female college students. Among the findings were the following: (1) students who oppose…

  1. Knowledge, Attitudes, Perceptions, and Beliefs regarding Physical Activity on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullally, Barbara A.

    2011-01-01

    Despite the many proven benefits of exercise, obesity rates on college campuses continue to rise. At the same time, physical activity (PA) courses are being reduced or cut at various educational institutions. The loss of PA courses creates a problem because college students do not receive the necessary education they need in relation to the…

  2. Immunizations for the college student: a campus perspective of an outbreak and national and international considerations.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Ashir; Murray, Dennis L; Havlichek, Daniel H

    2005-02-01

    Although vaccine-preventable diseases have declined to record-low levels in the United States, infectious disease "epidemics" on college campuses continue. A large student body with variable immunization status makes a college campus fertile ground for the spread of communicable diseases. The presence of international students and an increasingly large number of students traveling abroad make it essential that individuals charged with defining and instituting health-related policies for the university have knowledge about health issues occurring in foreign countries as well. Several safe and effective vaccines are available that offer protection to young adults from a variety of infectious diseases in the United States. Because vaccine-preventable diseases can cause both human and economic problems for colleges and universities, administrators should take steps to assure that the students on college campuses benefit from these vaccines.

  3. Active Commuting Patterns at a Large, Midwestern College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bopp, Melissa; Kaczynski, Andrew; Wittman, Pamela

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand patterns and influences on active commuting (AC) behavior. Participants: Students and faculty/staff at a university campus. Methods: In April-May 2008, respondents answered an online survey about mode of travel to campus and influences on commuting decisions. Hierarchical regression analyses predicted variance in walking…

  4. Contemporary Responses to Violent Attacks on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sulkowski, Michael L.; Lazarus, Philip J.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors review efforts to increase the availability of crime data to students and parents, utilize security technologies on campus, allow members of campus communities to carry concealed weapons, use criminal or potential shooter profiling, employ threat assessment techniques, and implement emergency response plans to address…

  5. Contemporary Responses to Violent Attacks on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sulkowski, Michael L.; Lazarus, Philip J.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors review efforts to increase the availability of crime data to students and parents, utilize security technologies on campus, allow members of campus communities to carry concealed weapons, use criminal or potential shooter profiling, employ threat assessment techniques, and implement emergency response plans to address…

  6. Drugs on Campus at the Bimillennium: The Final Report of the Presidential Task Force on Substance Use Issues on Pennsylvania College and University Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins. Dept. of Technical Journalism.

    This report addresses three aspects of the "drug problem" on Pennsylvania's college campuses: (1) education and prevention; (2) diagnosis and treatment; and (3) law enforcement. It describes a wide variety of campus responses to this challenge reflecting the enormous variety of institutions of higher education in the Commonwealth. The…

  7. Planning and Coordinating the Development of California Campuses: The Commission's Role in the Review of New University Campuses, Community Colleges, and Educational Centers. Commission Report 04-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2004

    2004-01-01

    State Law requires the California Postsecondary Education Commission to review new public institutions of higher education. The purpose of this review is two-fold: first, to ensure new university and college campuses and off-campus centers develop in accordance with state-wide needs and priorities, and secondly, to make certain State capital…

  8. Off-Campus Residence as a Risk Factor for Heavy Drinking Among College Students.

    PubMed

    Benz, Madeline B; DiBello, Angelo M; Balestrieri, Sara G; Miller, Mary Beth; Merrill, Jennifer E; Lowery, Ashley D; Mastroleo, Nadine R; Carey, Kate B

    2017-07-29

    College student alcohol use is a public health problem. The aim of this study was to examine associations between residence and drinking behaviors among college students. We hypothesized that living off-campus independently or with peers would be associated with riskier drinking than living on-campus, and living with parents would be associated with less risky drinking than living on-campus. We analyzed data from two separate studies conducted at two four-year universities in the Northeast. Study 1 examined data from 1286 students (57% female) attending a private university. In Study 2, analyses were replicated and extended with 2408 students (67% female) from a public university. We conducted regression analyses that controlled for age, race, gender, and class year to determine the unique association of residence on typical and peak drinking, frequency of heavy drinking, and alcohol-related consequences. In both samples, students living off-campus without parents reported more frequent alcohol consumption, larger drinking quantities, more frequent heavy drinking, and a greater number of alcohol-related consequences than students living on-campus (ps <.001). In Study 2, students living off-campus with their parents exhibited significantly fewer risky drinking behaviors than those living on-campus (ps <.001). Living off-campus - either independently or with peers - is a risk factor for heavy drinking and consequences. This group exhibits more risky drinking behaviors and alcohol-related consequences than students living on-campus, independent of age and class year. Therefore, students moving off-campus may be appropriate targets for alcohol misuse prevention programs.

  9. Camp Campus: College Preparation for Adolescents and Young Adults with High-Functioning Autism, Asperger Syndrome, and Other Social Communication Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Retherford, Kristine S.; Schreiber, Linda R.

    2015-01-01

    Camp Campus is a 1-week campus experience for juniors or seniors in high school or high school graduates who are diagnosed with high-functioning autism, Asperger syndrome, or a related social communication disorder and who plan to attend college. Participants experience campus life by partaking of campus services, living and dining on campus,…

  10. Camp Campus: College Preparation for Adolescents and Young Adults with High-Functioning Autism, Asperger Syndrome, and Other Social Communication Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Retherford, Kristine S.; Schreiber, Linda R.

    2015-01-01

    Camp Campus is a 1-week campus experience for juniors or seniors in high school or high school graduates who are diagnosed with high-functioning autism, Asperger syndrome, or a related social communication disorder and who plan to attend college. Participants experience campus life by partaking of campus services, living and dining on campus,…

  11. How LGBT College Students Perceive and Engage the Campus Religious and Spiritual Climate.

    PubMed

    Rockenbach, Alyssa N; Lo, Marc A; Mayhew, Matthew J

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare how students of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities perceive the campus religious and spiritual climate and engage in interfaith and spiritual activities during college. Using data from a national study of 13,776 students at 52 institutions that took part in the Campus Religious and Spiritual Climate Survey, results indicate significant variations in perceptions and engagement by sexual orientation and gender identity. In addition, worldview identity shapes the relationships between sexual orientation and gender identity and perceptions of and engagement on campus.

  12. A Social Media Based Index of Mental Well-Being in College Campuses

    PubMed Central

    Bagroy, Shrey; Kumaraguru, Ponnurangam; De Choudhury, Munmun

    2017-01-01

    Psychological distress in the form of depression, anxiety and other mental health challenges among college students is a growing health concern. Dearth of accurate, continuous, and multi-campus data on mental well-being presents significant challenges to intervention and mitigation efforts in college campuses. We examine the potential of social media as a new “barometer” for quantifying the mental well-being of college populations. Utilizing student-contributed data in Reddit communities of over 100 universities, we first build and evaluate a transfer learning based classification approach that can detect mental health expressions with 97% accuracy. Thereafter, we propose a robust campus-specific Mental Well-being Index: MWI. We find that MWI is able to reveal meaningful temporal patterns of mental well-being in campuses, and to assess how their expressions relate to university attributes like size, academic prestige, and student demographics. We discuss the implications of our work for improving counselor efforts, and in the design of tools that can enable better assessment of the mental health climate of college campuses. PMID:28840202

  13. A Social Media Based Index of Mental Well-Being in College Campuses.

    PubMed

    Bagroy, Shrey; Kumaraguru, Ponnurangam; De Choudhury, Munmun

    2017-05-01

    Psychological distress in the form of depression, anxiety and other mental health challenges among college students is a growing health concern. Dearth of accurate, continuous, and multi-campus data on mental well-being presents significant challenges to intervention and mitigation efforts in college campuses. We examine the potential of social media as a new "barometer" for quantifying the mental well-being of college populations. Utilizing student-contributed data in Reddit communities of over 100 universities, we first build and evaluate a transfer learning based classification approach that can detect mental health expressions with 97% accuracy. Thereafter, we propose a robust campus-specific Mental Well-being Index: MWI. We find that MWI is able to reveal meaningful temporal patterns of mental well-being in campuses, and to assess how their expressions relate to university attributes like size, academic prestige, and student demographics. We discuss the implications of our work for improving counselor efforts, and in the design of tools that can enable better assessment of the mental health climate of college campuses.

  14. Driving Home: An Analysis of Obesity-Related Behaviors among U.S. College Students Living On and Off Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Sophia E.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences in weight status, aerobic and strength physical activity, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and perceived stress about having enough money to buy nutritious meals between United States college students who live on campus and college students who live off campus. A…

  15. Driving Home: An Analysis of Obesity-Related Behaviors among U.S. College Students Living On and Off Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Sophia E.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences in weight status, aerobic and strength physical activity, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and perceived stress about having enough money to buy nutritious meals between United States college students who live on campus and college students who live off campus. A…

  16. "Social jetlag" in morning-type college students living on campus: implications for physical and psychological well-being.

    PubMed

    Lau, Esther Yuet Ying; Wong, Mark Lawrence; Ng, Eddie Chi Wai; Hui, Chi-chiu Harry; Cheung, Shu Fai; Mok, Doris Shui Ying

    2013-08-01

    Although on-campus residence allows easier access to campus facilities, existing studies showed mixed results regarding the relationship between college residence and students' well-being indicators, such as sleep behaviors and mood. There was also a lack of studies investigating the role of chronotype in the relationship between on-campus residence and well-being. In particular, the temporal relationships among these factors were unclear. Hence, this longitudinal study aims to fill in these gaps by first reporting the well-being (measured in terms of mood, sleep, and quality of life) among students living on and off campus across two academic semesters. We explored factors predicting students' dropout in university residences. Although students living on campus differ in their chronotypes, activities in campus residence (if any) are mostly scheduled in the nighttime. We therefore tested if individual differences in chronotype interact with campus residence in affecting well-being. Our final sample consisted of 215 campus residents and 924 off-campus-living students from 10 different universities or colleges in Hong Kong or Macau. Their mean age was 20.2 years (SD=2.3); 6.5% of the participants are female. Participants completed self-reported questionnaires online on their sleep duration, sleep quality, chronotype, mood, and physical and psychological quality of life. Across two academic semesters, we assessed if students living on and off campus differed in our well-being measures after we partialed out the effects of demographic information (including age, sex, family income, and parents' education) and the well-being measures at baseline (T1). The results showed that, campus residents exhibited longer sleep duration, greater sleep efficiency, better sleep quality, and less feeling of stress than off-campus-living students. From one semester to the next, around 10% of campus residents did not continue to live on campus. Logistic regression showed that a morning

  17. Are female college students who are diagnosed with depression at greater risk of experiencing sexual violence on college campus?

    PubMed

    Hossain, Mian B; Memiah, Peter; Adeyinka, Adeyemi

    2014-08-01

    We examined the association between depression and sexual violence among 18-24 year-old female college students using National College Health Assessment survey. Data were collected from a nationally representative sample of 10,541 female students on 33 college campuses. Results showed that female students who were reportedly ever diagnosed with depression were 1.56 times more likely than those who had never been diagnosed with depression to have experienced sexual violence. Female students who had one or more sexual partners currently were found 3.17 times more likely than those who had no sexual partner to have experienced sexual violence; similarly, female students who engaged in binge drinking in the previous two weeks were found about two times more likely than their counterparts to have experienced sexual violence. Depression is a public health issue and must be addressed sooner rather than later in order to reduce and prevent sexual violence on college campuses.

  18. Creating the first indoor tan-free skin smart college campus.

    PubMed

    Mounessa, Jessica S; Pagoto, Sherry L; Baker, Katie; Antonishak, John; Dellavalle, Robert P

    2017-06-01

    Given the prevalence and risk associated with indoor tanning among college students, university campuses constitute a prime target for skin cancer prevention. This report identifies the successes and challenges faced in promoting a campus-wide tan-free policy through the National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention (NCSCP) Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart Campus Initiative. Beginning in February 2016, we communicated with university faculty or staff members who have participated in skin cancer prevention via education, clinical care, or research at 20 universities regarding the steps to adopt the tan-free policy. One campus, East Tennessee State University (ETSU), successfully fulfilled all criteria and implemented the policy change to become the first US Indoor Tan-Free Skin Smart Campus. The greatest challenge faced in recruiting campuses was gaining administrative support. Reported reasons for not adopting the policy change included wanting to wait for other schools to join first and not seeing it as a top priority. Despite the importance of improving skin cancer awareness and decreasing tanning among university students, we faced several challenges in promoting campus-wide policy change. We identify a need for research on effective ways to disseminate university health policies and increased involvement of healthcare providers in policy-related work.

  19. Smoke-free college campuses: no ifs, ands or toxic butts.

    PubMed

    Sawdey, Michael; Lindsay, Ryan P; Novotny, Thomas E

    2011-05-01

    To better estimate the burden of toxic cigarette butt waste and create awareness of the hazardous nature of cigarette butts on two large university campuses in San Diego by organizing and conducting student cigarette butt clean-up activities. Two separate campus-wide clean-ups were conducted by student volunteers at San Diego State University (SDSU) and at University of California San Diego (UCSD) between April and July 2010. In 1 h, 63 volunteers at SDSU collected 23,885 butts; 6525 cigarette butts were collected in 1 h by 17 volunteers at UCSD. The average number of cigarette butts picked up per individual was 379.1 at SDSU and 383.8 at UCSD (range 25-1030 per volunteer). The amount of cigarette waste on college campuses nationally may be quite substantial given the many thousands of cigarette butts gathered at each of the San Diego institutions. In just 10 s on average a volunteer could locate, walk to, pick up and put a cigarette butt in the collection bag and then begin looking for another discarded butt, indicating the saturation of cigarette butts on campus. Smoke-free policies on campus could have far-reaching effects not only in reducing smoking behaviour on campus and ground clean-up costs, but also on the environment. Campus cigarette waste clean-ups can be utilized to call attention to the issue of cigarette butt waste in the environment.

  20. A comprehensive approach to managing threats of violence on a university or college campus.

    PubMed

    Regehr, Cheryl; Glancy, Graham D; Carter, Andrea; Ramshaw, Lisa

    Horrifying, high profile acts of violence on campuses remain relatively rare, nevertheless, academic administrators are required to manage threats of violence on campus on an increasingly regular basis. These threats take two primary forms, those in which the perpetrator and the intended victim(s) are clearly identified, often involving repeated threats and threatening behaviour towards an individual; and those involving anonymous threats to commit acts of larger scale violence. Complicating factors in managing these threats include: fear contagion; mass media and social media attention; responsibilities to all members of the university community sometimes including individuals issuing the threat and the intended victims; demands for safety and security measures that are often at odds with professional advice; and permeable campus boundaries that cause security challenges. This paper considers the changing landscape of threat assessment and risk assessment on university and college campuses and suggests opportunities for partnerships between forensic mental health professionals and academic administrators. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Spiritual Development Differences between Online and on Campus College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comeaux, Russell Mark

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods study was to explore spiritual development differences between online and on-campus students. For this study, spiritual maturation was measured by the locus of authority and view of self and others, primarily as measured by the God Image Scales. The assumption was that development is marked by a shift in locus of…

  2. The Multifaith Campus: Transforming Colleges and Universities for Spiritual Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Dafina Lazarus; Kocet, Michael M.; Lobdell, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    Religious pluralism is not the first type of diversity higher education has faced. In a 1998 article, Sylvia Hurtado, Jeffrey Milem, Alma Clayton-Pedersen, and Walter Allen advocated the necessity of using a multidimensional framework for enhancing the campus climate for racial and ethnic diversity. Their model began with acknowledging the…

  3. Architectural Accessibility for the Disabled of College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotler, Stephen R.; DeGraff, Alfred H.

    This newly revised guide provides basic technical resource material, with the basic objectives of presenting within one publication (1) updated architectural criteria aimed at realistic accessibility, and (2) essential information necessary to provide for the needs of physically handicapped people on campuses. All criteria have been chosen in view…

  4. Acquaintance Rape on College Campuses: A Review of the Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kier, Frederick J.

    Although research on acquaintance, or date rape, dates back to the late 1950's, only recently has the literature in this area focused on prevention. In addition, although research has shown that, conservatively, 1 out of 10 women on university campuses has been raped by someone with whom she is familiar, little appears to have been done about the…

  5. Environmental Strategies To Prevent Alcohol Problems on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Deborah A.

    This document describes strategies that are used to create healthier campus environments in which alcohol is less available, more responsibly promoted and served, and poses less of a threat to the health, safety, and well-being of all students. The strategies described in this document accomplish these objectives by changing conditions on campus…

  6. The Causal Effect of Campus Residency on College Student Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schudde, Lauren T.

    2011-01-01

    Despite theoretical evidence positing a positive relationship between campus residency and collegiate outcomes, prior research has not established a causal link. Utilizing propensity score matching and national longitudinal data, this study investigates whether living in university-owned housing impacts retention. The results suggest that the…

  7. College Learning Anytime, Anywhere. New Ways for Anyone to Get College Credits and College Degrees by Off-Campus Study and Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyquist, Ewald B.; And Others

    Nontraditional methods of qualifying for a college degree are described in this student guide to off-campus study and examination. The three external degree institutions in the United States that offer these programs are discussed. They include: Regents External Degree Program of the University of the State of New York; Thomas A. Edison College of…

  8. College Learning Anytime, Anywhere. New Ways for Anyone to Get College Credits and College Degrees by Off-Campus Study and Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyquist, Ewald B.; And Others

    Nontraditional methods of qualifying for a college degree are described in this student guide to off-campus study and examination. The three external degree institutions in the United States that offer these programs are discussed. They include: Regents External Degree Program of the University of the State of New York; Thomas A. Edison College of…

  9. Managing Asthma on the College Campus: Findings of a Texas Pilot Study.

    PubMed

    Collins, Kevin P; Weiss-Randall, Debra N; Henry, Nicholas R

    2015-08-01

    Students attending institutions of higher education have the option of utilizing their student health center (SHC) for asthma management. However, a review of the available literature revealed no previous research as to how SHCs on college campuses in Texas manage students with asthma. This led to the following research questions; how are SHCs in Texas managing asthma for college students, and what are the SHC directors' attitudes and perceptions of the impact of asthma on their college campuses? This descriptive pilot study randomly selected 20 colleges in Texas; 17 institutions agreed to participate. The inclusion criteria consisted of 4-y colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools with an undergraduate student population of greater than 1,000 full-time students, excluding online colleges. Once identified, the director of each institution's SHC was contacted by telephone and invited to complete the Managing Asthma on College Campuses Survey instrument via telephone interview (n = 14) or e-mail (n = 3). Descriptive statistics were used to analyze quantitative data and common themes were noted for the qualitative data. Quantitative data obtained through the survey revealed 23.5% of SHCs provide individualized asthma action plans to students and 35% of SHCs stated they have an emergency action plan for asthma exacerbations. Respondents noted 2 major barriers for effective asthma management on campus: lack of understanding of chronic disease management and underuse of the SHC due to a lack of awareness of its existence. Perceived barriers to visiting the SHC included access issues, money, and students self-medicating with short-acting β2 agonist inhalers and/or over-the-counter medications. The majority of directors were satisfied with asthma services provided to students; however, they felt more face-to-face asthma education was needed. Copyright © 2015 by Daedalus Enterprises.

  10. Supporting Students in Recovery on College Campuses: Opportunities for Student Affairs Professionals

    PubMed Central

    Perron, Brian E.; Grahovac, Ivana D.; Uppal, Joseph S.; Granillo, M. Teresa; Shutter, Jamie; Porter, Carolyn A.

    2011-01-01

    Despite the significant attention that drugs and alcohol receive on college campuses, few resources and supports are available to students who are recovering from an addiction. Student affairs professionals are uniquely positioned to support these students with a variety of strategies. This article summarizes what is currently known about college students in recovery and ways that student affairs professionals can help build an infrastructure of formal and informal supports for this underserved and at-risk student population. PMID:21765973

  11. The Relationship between Campus Climate and the Teaching of Critical Thinking Skills in Community College Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Thomas C.

    2010-01-01

    Although critical thinking skills are important for all citizens participating in a democratic society, many community college students appear to lack these skills. This study addressed the apparent lack of research relating critical thinking instruction to campus climate. Critical thinking theory and Moos's organizational climate theory served as…

  12. The Hunting Ground: The Inside Story of Sexual Assault on American College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dick, Kirby; Ziering, Amy

    2016-01-01

    The debate over sexual violence on campus is reaching fever pitch, from headlines about out--of-control fraternities, to the "mattress protests" by female students at Columbia University and other colleges. "The Hunting Ground," the new documentary by award-winning filmmakers Kirby Dick and Amy Ziering, has taken this debate to…

  13. Alcohol Policies and Practices on College and University Campuses. NASPA Monograph Series Volume 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherwood, Joan S., Ed.

    Following the alcohol-related death of a student at Western Washington University in 1984, the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators (NASPA), initiated a study of guidelines for dealing with alcohol on college and university campuses nationwide. Suggestions are made for establishing effective policies and opening lines of…

  14. Comprehension Levels of Students in Entry-Level English Classes at Cuyahoga Community College, Western Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Dennis; Richards, Irving

    In spring 1988, a study was conducted at Cuyahoga Community College's Western Campus (Ohio) to measure the reading comprehension level of a sample of 1988 students and to compare their reading test scores with the scores of students who had taken the same test in 1979 and 1980; to determine if there were a correlation between the number of items a…

  15. Multi-Campus Studies of College Impact: Which Statistical Method Is Appropriate?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Astin, Alexander W.; Denson, Nida

    2009-01-01

    In most multi-campus studies of college impact that have been conducted over the past four decades, investigators have relied on ordinary least squares (OLS) regression as the analytic method of choice. Recently, however, some investigators have advocated the use of Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM), a method specifically designed for analyses…

  16. Abstinence and Relapse Rates Following a College Campus-Based Quit & Win Contest

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Janet L.; An, Larry; Luo, Xianghua; Scherber, Robyn M.; Berg, Carla J.; Golden, Dave; Ehlinger, Edward P.; Murphy, Sharon E.; Hecht, Stephen S.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To conduct and evaluate Quit & Win contests at 2 2-year college and 2 4-year university campuses. Participants: During Spring semester, 2006, undergraduates (N = 588) interested in quitting smoking signed up for a Quit & Win 30-day cessation contest for a chance to win a lottery prize. Methods: Participants (N = 588) completed a…

  17. Hillsborough Community College, Ybor Campus Developmental Learning Community Program 2001-2002 Fall Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaspar, Richard F.

    This report outlines the program structures and faculty/staff roles of a developmental learning community (LC) initiative at Hillsborough Community College, Ybor Campus (Florida). The program consists of educational structures that link existing developmental courses and curriculum materials to a central theme: the importance of technology…

  18. Cultivating Campus Environments to Maximize Success among Latino and Latina College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiyama, Judy Marquez; Museus, Samuel D.; Vega, Blanca E.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter highlights the factors that hinder or contribute to the success of Latino and Latina students at predominantly White institutions. The Culturally Engaging Campus Environments (CECE) Model is offered as a framework from which to create environments for Latino/a students to thrive in college.

  19. Perceptions of Organizational Culture of a Multi-Campus Community College District: Mixed Methods in Concert

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuster Dale, Kimberly

    2012-01-01

    This concurrent, mixed-methods case study analyzed perceptions of current and preferred organizational culture within a rural, multi-campus community college district. This phenomenon was examined by analyzing and comparing data collected by surveying all full-time employees utilizing the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) and…

  20. Perceptions of College and University Presidents Regarding Tobacco-Free Campus Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reindl, Diana; Glassman, Tavis; Price, James; Dake, Joseph; Yingling, Faith

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To identify college presidents' support for tobacco-free campus policies (TFCP), perceived barriers and benefits to implementing such policies, and activities that might initiate policy adoption. Participants: Participants were 405 presidents (51% of 796 delivered surveys) from a national sample of eligible 4-year institutions in…

  1. National Summit on Campus Public Safety. Strategies for Colleges and Universities in a Homeland Security Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Justice, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The aftermath of September 11, 2001 prompted the reexamination of the nation's defenses and vulnerabilities in light of new realities. Every sector of society, particularly those who protect the well being of communities, required change. Safety and security operations on the nation's college and university campuses are no exception. The nation's…

  2. Considering Student Veterans on the Twenty-First-Century College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vacchi, David T.

    2012-01-01

    The new GI Bill offers the best educational benefits for veterans in the history of the nation. While many campus officials believe a surge of student veterans is under way, 2012 is the first year of college eligibility for veterans who enlisted specifically for the Post 9-11 GI Bill benefits signed into law in the summer of 2008. Further, the…

  3. A Model for Assessment and Mitigation of Threats on the College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Eileen Weisenbach; Hughes, Stephanie; Hertz, Giles

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: An increase in the number of disruptive and violent events on college and university campuses instigated this review of the methods used to interrupt the trend, with the goal of identifying a preliminary model for systematic management of such threats. The intent is to instigate research, review and discussion in order to decrease the…

  4. Good Grubbin': Impact of a TV Cooking Show for College Students Living off Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clifford, Dawn; Anderson, Jennifer; Auld, Garry; Champ, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To determine if a series of 4 15-minute, theory-driven (Social Cognitive Theory) cooking programs aimed at college students living off campus improved cooking self-efficacy, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding fruit and vegetable intake. Design: A randomized controlled trial with pre-, post- and follow-up tests. Setting:…

  5. Beyond the Classroom: International Education and the Community College. Volume II: Internationalizing the Campus Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franco, Robert W., Ed.; Shimabukuro, James N., Ed.

    Part of a four-volume set in which community college educators discuss their efforts to internationalize the educational experience of the students and communities they serve, volume II in this series considers the challenges, pitfalls, and rewards of creating campus environments with rich international and intercultural programs and activities.…

  6. Supreme Court Strikes down a Gun Ban and Raises Questions for College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelderman, Eric; Lipka, Sara

    2008-01-01

    The Supreme Court's landmark ruling overturning Washington, D.C.'s handgun ban could have implications for colleges that prohibit firearms on their campuses. Last month the court declared for the first time that the U.S. Constitution's Second Amendment protects an individual's right to keep a gun, not just the right of states to maintain armed…

  7. Cogeneration: A Campus Option? A Cogeneration Manual for Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goble, Robert Lloyd; Goble, Wendy Coleman

    Guidelines for colleges who may want to implement cogeneration on their campuses are presented. Cogeneration has been defined as "the simultaneous production of electric power and other forms of useful energy--such as heat or process steam--from the same facility." The history of cogeneration, current and future technologies, and…

  8. Supporting Students in Recovery on College Campuses: Opportunities for Student Affairs Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perron, Brian E.; Grahovac, Ivana D.; Uppal, Joseph S.; Granillo, Teresa M.; Shutter, Jamie; Porter, Carolyn A.

    2011-01-01

    Despite the significant attention that drugs and alcohol receive on college campuses, few resources and supports are available to students who are recovering from an addiction. Student affairs professionals are uniquely positioned to support these students with a variety of strategies. This article summarizes what is currently known about college…

  9. Seeking Sisterhood: Understanding the Gender Climate on a College Campus Using Participatory Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kates, Emily

    2013-01-01

    Through Participatory Action Research (PAR), the present study investigated psychological and social aspects of women's experiences at a diverse Catholic college in California (CU). The study sought to better understand female students' perspectives about the environment for women on campus and to develop actionable outcomes to improve women's…

  10. Educating Students about Suicide: A Framework for the Use of "Fotonovelas" on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rao, Satya P.; Taani, Murad; Lozano, Valerie; Kennedy, Elizabeth England

    2015-01-01

    There are more than 1,000 suicides on college campuses every year, with rates of completed suicide ranging between 0.5-7.5 per 100,000 among students. In addition to the prevalence of suicide ideation, attempts, and completions, students at high risk of suicide often do not seek help. As a major public health problem, suicide prevalence has not…

  11. Student Activism as a Vehicle for Change on College Campuses: Emerging Research and Opportunities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Michael T.; Tolliver, David V., III

    2017-01-01

    Civic engagement initiatives and activities are crucial to the progression of modern society. By raising awareness of social issues and problems, citizens can make a greater impact and have their voices be heard. "Student Activism as a Vehicle for Change on College Campuses: Emerging Research and Opportunities" is a critical source of…

  12. The Carrot and the Stick? Strategies to Improve Compliance with College Campus Tobacco Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fallin-Bennett, Amanda; Roditis, Maria; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2017-01-01

    Objective: Tobacco-free policies are being rapidly adopted nationwide, yet compliance with these policies remains a challenge. This study explored college campus key informants' experiences with tobacco policies, and their perceived benefits, drawbacks, and outcomes. Participants: The sample for this study was 68 key informants representing 16…

  13. Supporting Students in Recovery on College Campuses: Opportunities for Student Affairs Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perron, Brian E.; Grahovac, Ivana D.; Uppal, Joseph S.; Granillo, Teresa M.; Shutter, Jamie; Porter, Carolyn A.

    2011-01-01

    Despite the significant attention that drugs and alcohol receive on college campuses, few resources and supports are available to students who are recovering from an addiction. Student affairs professionals are uniquely positioned to support these students with a variety of strategies. This article summarizes what is currently known about college…

  14. Multi-Campus Studies of College Impact: Which Statistical Method Is Appropriate?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Astin, Alexander W.; Denson, Nida

    2009-01-01

    In most multi-campus studies of college impact that have been conducted over the past four decades, investigators have relied on ordinary least squares (OLS) regression as the analytic method of choice. Recently, however, some investigators have advocated the use of Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM), a method specifically designed for analyses…

  15. Tangible Evidence in Marketing a Service: The Value of a Campus Visit in Choosing a College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yost, Michael, Jr.; Tucker, Stephen L.

    1995-01-01

    A Trinity University (Texas) study identified a strong correlation between campus visits by admitted applicants and the proportion of admitted applicants who matriculated there. It is suggested that college marketing strategists consider the important role of this sales promotion device. (Author/MSE)

  16. Cultivating Campus Environments to Maximize Success among Latino and Latina College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiyama, Judy Marquez; Museus, Samuel D.; Vega, Blanca E.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter highlights the factors that hinder or contribute to the success of Latino and Latina students at predominantly White institutions. The Culturally Engaging Campus Environments (CECE) Model is offered as a framework from which to create environments for Latino/a students to thrive in college.

  17. Enforcing an Outdoor Smoking Ban on a College Campus: Effects of a Multicomponent Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Kari Jo; Stearns, Julee N.; Kovach, Rachel G.; Harrar, Solomon W.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: Data on effective strategies to enforce policies banning outdoor smoking are sparse. This study tested the effects of an enforcement package implemented on a college campus. Participants: Thirty-nine observers recorded compliance of 709 outside smokers. Methods: Smoking within 25 feet of buildings was noncompliant. The intervention…

  18. Perceptions of College and University Presidents Regarding Tobacco-Free Campus Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reindl, Diana; Glassman, Tavis; Price, James; Dake, Joseph; Yingling, Faith

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To identify college presidents' support for tobacco-free campus policies (TFCP), perceived barriers and benefits to implementing such policies, and activities that might initiate policy adoption. Participants: Participants were 405 presidents (51% of 796 delivered surveys) from a national sample of eligible 4-year institutions in…

  19. Good Grubbin': Impact of a TV Cooking Show for College Students Living off Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clifford, Dawn; Anderson, Jennifer; Auld, Garry; Champ, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To determine if a series of 4 15-minute, theory-driven (Social Cognitive Theory) cooking programs aimed at college students living off campus improved cooking self-efficacy, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding fruit and vegetable intake. Design: A randomized controlled trial with pre-, post- and follow-up tests. Setting:…

  20. Cogeneration: A Campus Option? A Cogeneration Manual for Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goble, Robert Lloyd; Goble, Wendy Coleman

    Guidelines for colleges who may want to implement cogeneration on their campuses are presented. Cogeneration has been defined as "the simultaneous production of electric power and other forms of useful energy--such as heat or process steam--from the same facility." The history of cogeneration, current and future technologies, and…

  1. Restorative Justice as Reflective Practice and Applied Pedagogy on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rinker, Jeremy A.; Jonason, Chelsey

    2014-01-01

    Restorative justice (RJ) is both a methodology for dealing with conflict and a process for modeling more positive human relations after social harm. As both method and process, the benefits of developing restorative practices on college campuses go well beyond just the many positive community-oriented outcomes of facilitated conflict resolution…

  2. Racist-Sexist-Hate Speech on College Campuses: Free Speech v. Equal Protection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jahn, Karon L.

    On college campuses today, the debate rages over whether self-restraint and tolerance for nonconformity is overriding a need to protect certain individuals and groups from objectionable speech. Some administrators, students, and alumni wish to prevent "bad speech" in the form of expressions of racism, sexism, and the like. Advocates for…

  3. Considering Student Veterans on the Twenty-First-Century College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vacchi, David T.

    2012-01-01

    The new GI Bill offers the best educational benefits for veterans in the history of the nation. While many campus officials believe a surge of student veterans is under way, 2012 is the first year of college eligibility for veterans who enlisted specifically for the Post 9-11 GI Bill benefits signed into law in the summer of 2008. Further, the…

  4. Conceptualizing the Engaging Bystander Approach to Sexual Violence Prevention on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, Sarah; Postmus, Judy L.; Koenick, Ruth Anne

    2011-01-01

    Bystander intervention offers promise as a sexual violence prevention tool for student affairs administrators on college campuses, but the conceptualization and definition of the approach is in its infancy and needs further development. In an effort to emphasize the potential role of bystanders in the primary prevention of sexual violence, we put…

  5. The Use of Visual Prompts to Increase the Cleanliness of Restrooms on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clayton, Michael C.; Blaskewicz, Julie

    2012-01-01

    Prompting procedures have been used in community settings to change many public health related behaviors. The current study took place on a college campus and used a multiple baseline across settings design to evaluate the effectiveness of visual prompts to decrease urinal splatter on men's restroom floors. Results indicate that prompts were…

  6. Seeking Sisterhood: Understanding the Gender Climate on a College Campus Using Participatory Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kates, Emily

    2013-01-01

    Through Participatory Action Research (PAR), the present study investigated psychological and social aspects of women's experiences at a diverse Catholic college in California (CU). The study sought to better understand female students' perspectives about the environment for women on campus and to develop actionable outcomes to improve women's…

  7. Educating Students about Suicide: A Framework for the Use of "Fotonovelas" on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rao, Satya P.; Taani, Murad; Lozano, Valerie; Kennedy, Elizabeth England

    2015-01-01

    There are more than 1,000 suicides on college campuses every year, with rates of completed suicide ranging between 0.5-7.5 per 100,000 among students. In addition to the prevalence of suicide ideation, attempts, and completions, students at high risk of suicide often do not seek help. As a major public health problem, suicide prevalence has not…

  8. The Relationship between Campus Climate and the Teaching of Critical Thinking Skills in Community College Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Thomas C.

    2010-01-01

    Although critical thinking skills are important for all citizens participating in a democratic society, many community college students appear to lack these skills. This study addressed the apparent lack of research relating critical thinking instruction to campus climate. Critical thinking theory and Moos's organizational climate theory served as…

  9. Colleges Urged to Step Up Efforts to Prevent Rape, a Major Menace to Students on Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillen, Liz

    1988-01-01

    A report sent to colleges called on presidents to adopt an official policy condemning sexual assault, revise student conduct codes to prohibit it specifically, modify living arrangements of victims and the accused, establish programs for victims, and heighten campus security. (MSE)

  10. Supreme Court Strikes down a Gun Ban and Raises Questions for College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelderman, Eric; Lipka, Sara

    2008-01-01

    The Supreme Court's landmark ruling overturning Washington, D.C.'s handgun ban could have implications for colleges that prohibit firearms on their campuses. Last month the court declared for the first time that the U.S. Constitution's Second Amendment protects an individual's right to keep a gun, not just the right of states to maintain armed…

  11. A Room with a View: Accommodating Hindu Religious Practice on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chander, Vineet

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the question of how to best accommodate Hindu practice on college campuses by contrasting the dedication of a prayer room with the hiring of a Hindu chaplain. The author suggests that this dichotomy--of an impersonal physical space ("a room") on the one hand, and a chaplain empowered to lead a community ("a view") on the…

  12. Restorative Justice as Reflective Practice and Applied Pedagogy on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rinker, Jeremy A.; Jonason, Chelsey

    2014-01-01

    Restorative justice (RJ) is both a methodology for dealing with conflict and a process for modeling more positive human relations after social harm. As both method and process, the benefits of developing restorative practices on college campuses go well beyond just the many positive community-oriented outcomes of facilitated conflict resolution…

  13. Perceptions of Organizational Culture of a Multi-Campus Community College District: Mixed Methods in Concert

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuster Dale, Kimberly

    2012-01-01

    This concurrent, mixed-methods case study analyzed perceptions of current and preferred organizational culture within a rural, multi-campus community college district. This phenomenon was examined by analyzing and comparing data collected by surveying all full-time employees utilizing the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) and…

  14. Abstinence and Relapse Rates Following a College Campus-Based Quit & Win Contest

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Janet L.; An, Larry; Luo, Xianghua; Scherber, Robyn M.; Berg, Carla J.; Golden, Dave; Ehlinger, Edward P.; Murphy, Sharon E.; Hecht, Stephen S.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To conduct and evaluate Quit & Win contests at 2 2-year college and 2 4-year university campuses. Participants: During Spring semester, 2006, undergraduates (N = 588) interested in quitting smoking signed up for a Quit & Win 30-day cessation contest for a chance to win a lottery prize. Methods: Participants (N = 588) completed a…

  15. Enforcing an Outdoor Smoking Ban on a College Campus: Effects of a Multicomponent Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Kari Jo; Stearns, Julee N.; Kovach, Rachel G.; Harrar, Solomon W.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: Data on effective strategies to enforce policies banning outdoor smoking are sparse. This study tested the effects of an enforcement package implemented on a college campus. Participants: Thirty-nine observers recorded compliance of 709 outside smokers. Methods: Smoking within 25 feet of buildings was noncompliant. The intervention…

  16. Violence against Women on the College Campus: Evaluating Anti-Violence Programming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Roberta E.

    2010-01-01

    Violence against women is a significant problem on America's college campuses. In response to this violence, many universities have developed direct service programs to assist the survivors of violence as well as educational programs to raise awareness about and/or reduce the likelihood of such violence. There has been no scholarly inquiry…

  17. Fair and Open Environment? Bigotry and Violence on College Campuses in California. A Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    This is a summary report of a community forum conducted in Berkeley, California on July 18, 1989 on occurrences of bigotry and violence on college campuses in California. Twenty-five representatives of community groups, universities, federal agencies, and community organizations appeared to present their perspectives. Observations on campus…

  18. Recommended Financial Plan for the Construction of a Permanent Campus for San Joaquin Delta College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bortolazzo, Julio L.

    The financial plan for the San Joaquin Delta College (California) permanent campus is presented in a table showing the gross square footage, the unit cost (including such fixed equipment as workbenches, laboratory tables, etc.), and the estimated total cost for each department. The unit costs per square foot vary from $18.00 for warehousing to…

  19. Integrating Technology on Campus: Human Sensibilities and Technical Possibilities. New Direction for Community Colleges, Number 101.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anandam, Kamala, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    The 11 essays in this volume discuss integrating technology into the community college campus, review implementation strategies, and describe the possibilities of institutional transformation. The following articles are provided: (1) "Technology as a Catalyst for Reinventing an Institution" (Kathryn J. Neff); (2) "Navigating the…

  20. Using a Multimedia Social Marketing Campaign to Increase Active Bystanders on the College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Sharyn J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the campus-wide administration of the Know Your Power bystander-oriented social marketing campaign. Participants: Undergraduate students at a public college were invited to participate in a public awareness survey before and after the 6-week campaign administration in February and March 2009. Methods: Pretest and posttests…

  1. A Closer Look at Party Hosting Behaviors within Off-Campus College Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jakeman, Rick C.; McClure, Tracae M.; Silver, Blake R.

    2015-01-01

    Colleges and universities have taken a variety of approaches to combat alcohol and other drug misuse among students. This descriptive quantitative study aims to investigate the behaviors of students who host off-campus parties and how these behaviors shape party environments. Undergraduate students (N = 2,146) completed an online survey to capture…

  2. The Carrot and the Stick? Strategies to Improve Compliance with College Campus Tobacco Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fallin-Bennett, Amanda; Roditis, Maria; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2017-01-01

    Objective: Tobacco-free policies are being rapidly adopted nationwide, yet compliance with these policies remains a challenge. This study explored college campus key informants' experiences with tobacco policies, and their perceived benefits, drawbacks, and outcomes. Participants: The sample for this study was 68 key informants representing 16…

  3. A Model for Assessment and Mitigation of Threats on the College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Eileen Weisenbach; Hughes, Stephanie; Hertz, Giles

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: An increase in the number of disruptive and violent events on college and university campuses instigated this review of the methods used to interrupt the trend, with the goal of identifying a preliminary model for systematic management of such threats. The intent is to instigate research, review and discussion in order to decrease the…

  4. Attributes and Statuses of College Students Associated with Classroom Cheating on a Small-Sized Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawkins, Russell L.

    2004-01-01

    This exploratory study examines self-reported acts of academic dishonesty for a sample of 858 undergraduate, graduate, and professional students on a small college campus (8,350 students). The study raises awareness to the occurrences, and challenges of academic dishonesty at small-sized institutions, somewhat overlooked in empirical research.…

  5. Tangible Evidence in Marketing a Service: The Value of a Campus Visit in Choosing a College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yost, Michael, Jr.; Tucker, Stephen L.

    1995-01-01

    A Trinity University (Texas) study identified a strong correlation between campus visits by admitted applicants and the proportion of admitted applicants who matriculated there. It is suggested that college marketing strategists consider the important role of this sales promotion device. (Author/MSE)

  6. A Closer Look at Party Hosting Behaviors within Off-Campus College Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jakeman, Rick C.; McClure, Tracae M.; Silver, Blake R.

    2015-01-01

    Colleges and universities have taken a variety of approaches to combat alcohol and other drug misuse among students. This descriptive quantitative study aims to investigate the behaviors of students who host off-campus parties and how these behaviors shape party environments. Undergraduate students (N = 2,146) completed an online survey to capture…

  7. At Many Colleges, Orientation Has Become a Serious Introduction to Campus Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Elizabeth

    1987-01-01

    Many institutions are taking freshman orientation more seriously by challenging students before they start classes and giving them a more thorough introduction to campus life than ever before. The biggest changes in orientation are occurring among community colleges. Some of the experiences at Georgia Tech are described. (MLW)

  8. Conceptualizing the Engaging Bystander Approach to Sexual Violence Prevention on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, Sarah; Postmus, Judy L.; Koenick, Ruth Anne

    2011-01-01

    Bystander intervention offers promise as a sexual violence prevention tool for student affairs administrators on college campuses, but the conceptualization and definition of the approach is in its infancy and needs further development. In an effort to emphasize the potential role of bystanders in the primary prevention of sexual violence, we put…

  9. Attributes and Statuses of College Students Associated with Classroom Cheating on a Small-Sized Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawkins, Russell L.

    2004-01-01

    This exploratory study examines self-reported acts of academic dishonesty for a sample of 858 undergraduate, graduate, and professional students on a small college campus (8,350 students). The study raises awareness to the occurrences, and challenges of academic dishonesty at small-sized institutions, somewhat overlooked in empirical research.…

  10. Effects of A 2.5-Year Campus-Wide Intervention to Reduce College Drinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seo, Dong-Chul; Owens, Dee; Gassman, Ruth; Kingori, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The present study reports on the results of a 2.5-year college-wide, coordinated intervention that was implemented from June 2007 to December 2009 to reduce the amount and frequency of students' alcohol consumption. Design: Quasi-experimental study using a one-group (freshmen living on campus) pretest/posttest design ("N" =…

  11. Caring for America's Colleges and Universities: Stewardship Lessons from the Getty Foundation Campus Heritage Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melnick, Robert Z.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the Getty Foundation's Campus Heritage Initiative was to assist colleges and universities in the United States in managing and preserving the integrity of their significant historic buildings, sites, and landscapes. The projects supported through this initiative focused on research and survey of historic resources, preparation of…

  12. A Room with a View: Accommodating Hindu Religious Practice on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chander, Vineet

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the question of how to best accommodate Hindu practice on college campuses by contrasting the dedication of a prayer room with the hiring of a Hindu chaplain. The author suggests that this dichotomy--of an impersonal physical space ("a room") on the one hand, and a chaplain empowered to lead a community ("a view") on the…

  13. College Students' Willingness to Engage in Bystander Intervention at Off-Campus Parties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silver, Blake R.; Jakeman, Rick C.

    2016-01-01

    Colleges and universities have attempted to deal with the risks posed by off-campus parties with various efforts, including policies restricting the party environment, efforts to build community coalitions, as well as the creation of targeted education and training programs for students. Perhaps one of the most well-known efforts to address issues…

  14. College Students' Willingness to Engage in Bystander Intervention at Off-Campus Parties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silver, Blake R.; Jakeman, Rick C.

    2016-01-01

    Colleges and universities have attempted to deal with the risks posed by off-campus parties with various efforts, including policies restricting the party environment, efforts to build community coalitions, as well as the creation of targeted education and training programs for students. Perhaps one of the most well-known efforts to address issues…

  15. Rogue Community College Student Satisfaction Survey, Winter 2000. Management Report: Redwood and Riverside Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wild, Nancy

    The Annual Student Satisfaction Survey at Oregon's Rogue Community College (RCC) allows the school to measure achievement in services, classes, and facilities. Three hundred and eleven students responded to this winter 2000 survey. Findings include: (1) seventeen percent of all respondents at the Redwood and Riverside campuses were very satisfied…

  16. Using a Multimedia Social Marketing Campaign to Increase Active Bystanders on the College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Sharyn J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the campus-wide administration of the Know Your Power bystander-oriented social marketing campaign. Participants: Undergraduate students at a public college were invited to participate in a public awareness survey before and after the 6-week campaign administration in February and March 2009. Methods: Pretest and posttests…

  17. Sexual Orientation and College Choice: Considering Campus Climate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burleson, Douglas A.

    2010-01-01

    Research on college choice, like research on general college experiences, has focused mainly on the process for all students as well as on racial or ethnic minorities and economically disadvantaged students. Less is known about the potential concerns for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, or queer (GLBTQ) college students. In this article, the…

  18. On-Campus Housing at Rural Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moeck, Pat G.; Hardy, David E.; Katsinas, Stephen G.; Leech, J. Mark

    2007-01-01

    A certain "mythology" appears to exists within higher education that residence halls do not exist at community colleges. The reality is that residence halls do exist at community colleges, and they play an integral role in the fabric of the institutions that have them. This article identifies the number of rural-serving community colleges, and it…

  19. Leadership Competencies of Branch Campus Administrators in Multi-Campus Community College Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conover, Kitty S.

    2009-01-01

    Community college leaders are retiring faster than replacements are being prepared creating what is predicted to be a leadership crisis. To keep community colleges functioning in their critical role of providing wider access to higher education and workforce training and re-training, future leaders need to have the skills to lead complex…

  20. Leadership Competencies of Branch Campus Administrators in Multi-Campus Community College Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conover, Kitty S.

    2009-01-01

    Community college leaders are retiring faster than replacements are being prepared creating what is predicted to be a leadership crisis. To keep community colleges functioning in their critical role of providing wider access to higher education and workforce training and re-training, future leaders need to have the skills to lead complex…

  1. Leadership Competencies for College Leaders of Public Small, Rural, Single-Campus and Large, Urban, Multiple-Campus Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kools, Joseph M. J.

    2010-01-01

    This research examined how two decidedly different groups of community college presidents from across the United States viewed the competencies, characteristics, and professional skills identified by the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) (2005) as important for effective community college leadership. The two groups participating in…

  2. The three Ts of adopting tobacco-free policies on college campuses.

    PubMed

    Hahn, Ellen J; Fallin, Amanda; Darville, Audrey; Kercsmar, Sarah E; McCann, Melissa; Record, Rachael A

    2012-03-01

    This article describes a 3-pronged compliance strategy to implement a tobacco-free campus policy at 1 large, land grant public university in the South, and evaluates its impact on outcomes and costs. Although there has been a recent wave of tobacco-free colleges, policy restrictiveness and implementation vary, and compliance remains a challenge. The 3 Ts strategy (Tell-Treat-Train) involves regular, consistent communications, access to tobacco treatment medications and counseling, and ongoing training of supervisors and student leaders. Administrative support, access to tobacco treatment, campus buy-in, sustained communications, and careful implementation planning are critical to instituting a tobacco-free university policy.

  3. Campus-based college health services before the Amherst program (1860): military academies lead the way.

    PubMed

    Christmas, William A

    2011-01-01

    Over the past 70 years a legend has evolved that the first college health program in the United States was established at Amherst College in 1861. Although the program at Amherst was innovative in its day and served as a model for the field of college health, several other institutions prior to 1860 appropriated funds, hired staff, and established on-campus programs to improve the health of their students. The military academies led the way, and the first of these early programs to become operational was located at the US Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1830.

  4. How the Campus Crumbles: Colleges Face Challenges from Deferred Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Many colleges have put off repairs and renovation since the recession. Now crumbling buildings, limited budgets, and mounting debt present an increasingly intractable problem. Sightlines, a consulting company that tracks and analyzes facilities issues at more than 300 colleges, shared some of its latest findings with "The Chronicle". The data…

  5. Supporting Veterans: Creating a "Military Friendly" Community College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heineman, Judie A.

    2016-01-01

    Veterans are entering the community college classroom as part of their transition from military to civilian life. This article explores what leaders of community colleges could do, and have done, in developing programs, implementing changes, and adopting policies to attract and accommodate the unique needs of student-veterans.

  6. Transfer of College Credits and Off-Campus Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meloni, Alex

    In response to numerous complaints from evening college students across the country, a study on transfer of college credits was sanctioned by the United States Association of Evening Students (USAES). The purpose of this report is to emphasize and make administrators, deans, and faculty of institutions of higher education aware of problems…

  7. Intimate Violence among Underrepresented Groups on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Judy; Williams, LaVerne McQuiller

    2011-01-01

    Rape, sexual violence, psychological violence, and physical violence, among college students have been a concern. Lifetime events are often studied but not violence that specifically transpires while one is in college. Underrepresented groups such as Deaf and Hard of Hearing students, students who are gay, lesbian, and bisexual, and students who…

  8. Minors on Campus: Underage Students at Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Fall 2005 enrollment data show approximately 73,000 students under the age of 18 enrolled in California community colleges. Given that students under the age of 18 are legally considered minors, community college faculty and staff are often uncertain about their roles and responsibilities for these students. Laws governing the opportunities for…

  9. Union Troubles on Campus; Seed Money for Black Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langway, Lynn; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Most major universities have resisted the pull of union fever. Some have not and others are giving way. Here is a short review of the development of faculty unions in higher education. Also describes the efforts of the United Negro College Fund in developing a loan program designed to help black colleges survive the rising cost of education. (R K)

  10. AIDS on Campus: Emerging Issues for College and University Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinbach, Sheldon Elliot

    Legal information concerning Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) that college presidents may find helpful in establishing policies and procedures is provided in a paper by the general counsel of the American Council on Education. Sources of medical information, including the American College Health Association, hotlines, and federal…

  11. Supporting Students with Asperger Syndrome on College Campuses: Current Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnhill, Gena P.

    2016-01-01

    With the increasing number of students with Asperger syndrome (AS) and high functioning autism (HFA) enrolling in college, it has become apparent that support services are greatly needed to assist these students in navigating college life, both academically and socially. Yet, there is a dearth of research describing the specific supports needed…

  12. Intimate Violence among Underrepresented Groups on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Judy; Williams, LaVerne McQuiller

    2011-01-01

    Rape, sexual violence, psychological violence, and physical violence, among college students have been a concern. Lifetime events are often studied but not violence that specifically transpires while one is in college. Underrepresented groups such as Deaf and Hard of Hearing students, students who are gay, lesbian, and bisexual, and students who…

  13. Union Troubles on Campus; Seed Money for Black Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langway, Lynn; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Most major universities have resisted the pull of union fever. Some have not and others are giving way. Here is a short review of the development of faculty unions in higher education. Also describes the efforts of the United Negro College Fund in developing a loan program designed to help black colleges survive the rising cost of education. (R K)

  14. Supporting Students with Asperger Syndrome on College Campuses: Current Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnhill, Gena P.

    2016-01-01

    With the increasing number of students with Asperger syndrome (AS) and high functioning autism (HFA) enrolling in college, it has become apparent that support services are greatly needed to assist these students in navigating college life, both academically and socially. Yet, there is a dearth of research describing the specific supports needed…

  15. Supporting Veterans: Creating a "Military Friendly" Community College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heineman, Judie A.

    2016-01-01

    Veterans are entering the community college classroom as part of their transition from military to civilian life. This article explores what leaders of community colleges could do, and have done, in developing programs, implementing changes, and adopting policies to attract and accommodate the unique needs of student-veterans.

  16. How the Campus Crumbles: Colleges Face Challenges from Deferred Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Many colleges have put off repairs and renovation since the recession. Now crumbling buildings, limited budgets, and mounting debt present an increasingly intractable problem. Sightlines, a consulting company that tracks and analyzes facilities issues at more than 300 colleges, shared some of its latest findings with "The Chronicle". The data…

  17. Secondary Effects of Binge Drinking on College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Henry; And Others

    The College Alcohol Study (1993) surveyed nearly 18,000 undergraduate students at 140 colleges concerning their experience of either "binge drinking" or "secondary binge effects" (harm experienced as a result of binge drinking by others). The survey found that 44 percent of respondents were binge drinkers (50 percent of men and…

  18. Measuring Race and Gender Differences in Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Campus Climate and Intentions to Leave College: An Analysis in Black and White

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strayhorn, Terrell L.

    2013-01-01

    Student perceptions of campus climate environments and intentions to leave college were examined for 391 participants. Differences by race were found for perceptions of the campus climate being cold and uncaring and for expectations to encounter racism in college. Perceptions of campus climate were related to African American students' intent to…

  19. Mammoth (Mammuthus sp.) excavation on a college campus in Western Illinois, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Treworgy, J.D.; Saunders, J.J.; Grimley, D.A.

    2007-01-01

    The discovery of the remains of a mammoth, Mammuthus sp., on the Principia College campus in Elsah, Illinois, has allowed for careful excavation by students over several years. The mammoth is relatively well preserved in late Wisconsin Peoria Silt on the top of the bluffs of the Mississippi River. The mammoth was buried by loess, perhaps as a result of persistent dust storms, approximately 17 500 14C years ago. This age estimate is based on the mammoth's stratigraphic position within the Peoria Silt and is loosely supported by an AMS radiocarbon age on poorly preserved collagen from tooth dentine (???17 810??4300 14C years [CAMS #104172]). Over one hundred bones or bone pieces have been excavated to-date. The skull, containing the tusks and maxillary teeth, is complete and in close proximity to associated postcranial remains, indicating that the mammoth died where it was found. The size and characteristics of skeletal elements have allowed us to determine that this was a mature male of about 41 years of age. Taxonomic attribution-either to Mammuthus primigenius or Mammuthus jeffersonii-is pending, based on the outcome of thorough analysis once the skull with dentition has been prepared from enclosing matrix. ?? 2006 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

  20. The Illicit Use of Prescription Stimulants on College Campuses: A Theory-Guided Systematic Review.

    PubMed

    Bavarian, Niloofar; Flay, Brian R; Ketcham, Patricia L; Smit, Ellen

    2015-12-01

    The illicit use of prescription stimulants (IUPS) is a substance use behavior that remains prevalent on college campuses. As theory can guide research and practice, we provide a systematic review of the college-based IUPS epidemiological literature guided by one ecological framework, the theory of triadic influence (TTI). We aim to assess prevalence, elucidate the behavior's multietiological nature, and discuss prevention implications. Peer-reviewed studies were located through key phrase searches (prescription stimulant misuse and college, "prescription stimulant misuse" and "college," illicit use of prescription stimulants in college, and nonmedical prescription stimulant use in college students) in electronic databases (PubMed, PubMed Central, and EBSCO Host) for the period 2000 to 2013. Studies meeting inclusion criteria had their references reviewed for additional eligible literature. Statistically significant correlates of IUPS in the 62 retrieved studies were organized using the three streams of influence and four levels of causation specified in the TTI. Results show that the prevalence of IUPS varies across campuses. Additionally, findings suggest the behavior is multifaceted, as correlates were observed within each stream of influence and level of causation specified by the TTI. We conclude that IUPS is prevalent in, but varies across, colleges and is influenced by intrapersonal and broader social and societal factors. We discuss implications for prevention and directions for future research. © 2015 Society for Public Health Education.

  1. Explicitly Linking Pedagogy and Facilities to Campus Sustainability: Lessons from Carleton College and the University of Minnesota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savanick, Suzanne; Strong, Richard; Manning, Christie

    2008-01-01

    Campus sustainability projects provide an opportunity to explicitly link campus operations and academics. College and university buildings and grounds offer the potential for numerous hands-on sustainability projects. Few schools explicitly link sustainability projects with academics as often the academic side of an institution is separate from…

  2. Relevance of Campus Climate for Alcohol and Other Drug Use among LGBTQ Community College Students: A Statewide Qualitative Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Patricia; Pring, Lauren; Glider, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    Literature suggests that individuals who identify as LGBTQ may engage in more alcohol and other drug (AOD) use/abuse than others. Little data is available about these populations on college campuses where AOD use may be seen as part of the general campus climate and culture. This article will describe a qualitative needs assessment conducted on 10…

  3. Relevance of Campus Climate for Alcohol and Other Drug Use among LGBTQ Community College Students: A Statewide Qualitative Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Patricia; Pring, Lauren; Glider, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    Literature suggests that individuals who identify as LGBTQ may engage in more alcohol and other drug (AOD) use/abuse than others. Little data is available about these populations on college campuses where AOD use may be seen as part of the general campus climate and culture. This article will describe a qualitative needs assessment conducted on 10…

  4. College Campus Community Readiness to Address Intimate Partner Violence Among LGBTQ+ Young Adults: A Conceptual and Empirical Examination.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Katie M; Littleton, Heather L; Sylaska, Kateryna M; Crossman, Annie L; Craig, Meghan

    2016-09-01

    This paper provides an overview of a conceptual model that integrates theories of social ecology, minority stress, and community readiness to better understand risk for and outcomes of intimate partner violence (IPV) among LGBTQ+ college students. Additionally, online survey data was collected from a sample of 202 LGBTQ+ students enrolled in 119 colleges across the United States to provide preliminary data on some aspects of the proposed model. Results suggested that students generally thought their campuses were low in readiness to address IPV; that is, students felt that their campuses could do more to address IPV and provide IPV services specific to LGBTQ+ college students. Perceptions of greater campus readiness to address IPV among LGBTQ+ college students was significantly and positively related to a more favorable LGBTQ+ campus climate and a greater sense of campus community. Additionally, IPV victims were more likely to perceive higher levels of campus community readiness than non-IPV victims. There was no association between IPV perpetration and perceptions of campus community readiness. Greater sense of community was marginally and inversely related to IPV victimization and perpetration. Sense of community and LGBTQ+ campus climate also varied to some extent as a function of region of the country and type of institution. Implications for further development and refinement of the conceptual model, as well as future research applying this model to better understand IPV among sexual minority students are discussed.

  5. Campus Leadership's Influence in Implementing a Community College's Sustainability Goals: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Barbara A.

    2012-01-01

    The case study documented one large, multicampus community college's progress in implementing sustainability goals outlined in the American College and University Presidents' Climate Commitment (ACUPCC). The case study examined the role of branch-campus presidents and the college president in institutionalizing sustainability. Responses…

  6. Campus Leadership's Influence in Implementing a Community College's Sustainability Goals: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Barbara A.

    2012-01-01

    The case study documented one large, multicampus community college's progress in implementing sustainability goals outlined in the American College and University Presidents' Climate Commitment (ACUPCC). The case study examined the role of branch-campus presidents and the college president in institutionalizing sustainability. Responses…

  7. The Impact of Co-Locating American Job Centers on Community College Campuses in North Carolina. A CAPSEE Working Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Noy, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Relationships between community colleges and the public workforce system might have an important role in promoting students' success in the labor market and in college. In particular, the co-location of American Job Centers (AJC) on community college campuses is a particularly strong form of relationship that might benefit students. Yet little is…

  8. An ecological analysis of alcohol-outlet density and campus-reported violence at 32 U.S. colleges.

    PubMed

    Scribner, Richard A; Mason, Karen E; Simonsen, Neal R; Theall, Katherine; Chotalia, Jigar; Johnson, Sandy; Schneider, Shari Kessel; DeJong, William

    2010-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships among campus violence, student drinking levels, and the physical availability of alcohol at off-campus outlets in a multisite design. An ecological analysis of on-campus violence was conducted at 32 U.S. colleges. Dependent variables included campus-reported rates of rape, robbery, assault, and burglary obtained from a U.S. Department of Education online database for the years 2000-2004. Measures of student alcohol use and demographics were obtained from student surveys conducted for the Social Norms Marketing Research Project from 2000 to 2004. Measures of alcohol-outlet density within 3 miles of each campus were obtained from state alcohol-licensing authorities for 2004. Both on- and off-premise alcohol-outlet densities were associated with the campus rape-offense rate but not with the assault or robbery rates. Student drinking level was associated with both campus rape and assault rates but not with the campus robbery rate. The apparent effect of on-premise outlet density on campus rape-offense rates was reduced when student drinking level was included in the model, suggesting that the effect of on-premise outlet density may be mediated by student drinking level. Separate analyses revealed a similar mediational role for off-premise outlet density. These findings demonstrate that there is a campus-level association between sexual violence and the campus-community alcohol environment.

  9. Heavy drinking on college campuses: no reason to change minimum legal drinking age of 21.

    PubMed

    Saylor, Drew K

    2011-01-01

    The recent Amethyst Initiative argues that a minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) of 21 has created a culture of heavy alcohol use on college campuses by making drinking clandestine and extreme. This group and others argue that lowering the MLDA will reduce the problem of "binge drinking" on college campuses. However, such a policy change would remove one of the most researched and supported policies in the nation's alcohol control arsenal. There is little evidence that other interventions or policies are capable of working on the same broad level as MLDA 21, and there could also be a deleterious ripple effect in related legislation because MLDA 21 works in conjunction with other drinking laws. In addition, historic and international experiences with a lowered MLDA indicate there are serious social and public health consequences. Instead of removing efficacious interventions, we must remain committed to implementing and enforcing evidence-based practices and legislation.

  10. Treatment Utilization on College Campuses: Who Seeks Help for What?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nordberg, Samuel S.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; McAleavey, Andrew A.; Castonguay, Louis G.; Locke, Benjamin D.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a better understanding of why college students seek psychological treatment by examining indicators of psychological distress. A secondary goal was to assess the utility of screening for treatment need via a brief self-report measure of distress. Two samples (1 clinical, 1 nonclinical; N= 8,380) were…

  11. Campus Health Guide. The College Student's Handbook for Healthy Living.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otis, Carol L.; Goldingay, Roger

    A handbook of health issues for college students is presented. Prevention is the keynote, stressing the importance of staying healthy and recovering quickly. Information is organized in a question-and-answer format. The 12 chapters are as follows: nutrition: food as fuel (e.g. acne and diet and daily caloric requirements); exercise: fine-tuning…

  12. Position Statement on Tobacco on College and University Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of American College Health, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The American College Health Association (ACHA) acknowledges and supports the findings of the Surgeon General that tobacco use in any form, active and/or passive, is a significant health hazard. ACHA further recognizes that environmental tobacco smoke has been classified as a Class-A carcinogen and that there is no safe level of exposure to…

  13. College Students' Perceptions of Slut-Shaming Discourse on Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almazan, Vanessa A.; Bain, Steve F.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the college students' perceptions of slut-shaming discourse. The research indicated that there was a strong correlation between cultural expectations and slut-shaming. According to the results, the perceptions of slut-shaming are influenced by aspects such as: class, culture, media, gender, feminism,…

  14. Position Statement on Tobacco on College and University Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of American College Health, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The American College Health Association (ACHA) acknowledges and supports the findings of the Surgeon General that tobacco use in any form, active and/or passive, is a significant health hazard. ACHA further recognizes that environmental tobacco smoke has been classified as a Class-A carcinogen and that there is no safe level of exposure to…

  15. Television: the Community Hearth for the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Michael J.; Sapp, Aimee

    A study examined how college students watch television: Are there gender differences in how students watch? Is watching a form of socialization or a means of escape and diversion? Is there a relationship between students' GPA and the number of hours they spend watching television? Subjects were 379 full-time undergraduates--half of whom were male…

  16. Treatment Utilization on College Campuses: Who Seeks Help for What?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nordberg, Samuel S.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; McAleavey, Andrew A.; Castonguay, Louis G.; Locke, Benjamin D.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a better understanding of why college students seek psychological treatment by examining indicators of psychological distress. A secondary goal was to assess the utility of screening for treatment need via a brief self-report measure of distress. Two samples (1 clinical, 1 nonclinical; N= 8,380) were…

  17. Effective Administrators: Good Management on the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whetten, David

    1984-01-01

    Research suggests that academic institutions are not just businesses but have unique characteristics and needs. Business administrators could learn a great deal from their academic colleagues about organizational administration, and college administrators should attempt to chronicle their effective organizational practices. (MSE)

  18. Community Cores: The Future for the Community College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travis, Jon

    As social problems continue to threaten the fabric of American society, the community has emerged as the single entity capable of meeting these challenges. It is increasingly important, then, that community colleges position themselves for the role of rebuilding communities. The loss of traditional support systems, changes in family structure,…

  19. Anticipating Stimulus Money for Campus Projects, Colleges Get "Shovel Ready"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2009-01-01

    Help for colleges may be on the way in the $825-billion stimulus package being pressed by Congressional leaders. The bill that House Democrats introduced this month includes $7-billion for higher-education modernization, renovation, and repair that could kick-start projects like upgrading heating and cooling systems, fixing roofs, and doing…

  20. Graduate Students on Campus: Needs and Implications for College Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benshoff, James M.; Cashwell, Craig S.; Rowell, P. Clay

    2015-01-01

    Graduate students compose an important segment of university and college populations. However, institutions of higher education often have not addressed adequately their status as adult students with different developmental and life issues and concerns. This article defines and describes the needs of graduate students, discusses implications, and…

  1. Position Statement on Tobacco on College and University Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of American College Health, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The American College Health Association (ACHA) acknowledges and supports the findings of the Surgeon General that tobacco use in any form, active and/or passive, is a significant health hazard. ACHA further recognizes that environmental tobacco smoke has been classified as a Class-A carcinogen and that there is no safe level of exposure to…

  2. Position Statement on Tobacco on College and University Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of American College Health, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The American College Health Association (ACHA) acknowledges and supports the findings of the Surgeon General that tobacco use in any form, active and/or passive, is a significant health hazard. ACHA further recognizes that environmental tobacco smoke has been classified as a Class-A carcinogen and that there is no safe level of exposure to…

  3. Campus Health Guide. The College Student's Handbook for Healthy Living.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otis, Carol L.; Goldingay, Roger

    A handbook of health issues for college students is presented. Prevention is the keynote, stressing the importance of staying healthy and recovering quickly. Information is organized in a question-and-answer format. The 12 chapters are as follows: nutrition: food as fuel (e.g. acne and diet and daily caloric requirements); exercise: fine-tuning…

  4. Anticipating Stimulus Money for Campus Projects, Colleges Get "Shovel Ready"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2009-01-01

    Help for colleges may be on the way in the $825-billion stimulus package being pressed by Congressional leaders. The bill that House Democrats introduced this month includes $7-billion for higher-education modernization, renovation, and repair that could kick-start projects like upgrading heating and cooling systems, fixing roofs, and doing…

  5. The State of Mental Health on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Melissa

    2012-01-01

    The mental health dilemma that is facing higher education today does not appear to be abating. It is imperative that colleges have fully-staffed and adequately-trained counseling personnel to assist students with psychological issues. Institutions also must create a climate of awareness, so that issues may be recognized early. In addition,…

  6. Graduate Students on Campus: Needs and Implications for College Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benshoff, James M.; Cashwell, Craig S.; Rowell, P. Clay

    2015-01-01

    Graduate students compose an important segment of university and college populations. However, institutions of higher education often have not addressed adequately their status as adult students with different developmental and life issues and concerns. This article defines and describes the needs of graduate students, discusses implications, and…

  7. Predators on Campus: Examining the Alarming Rate of Sexual Assaults on U.S. College and University Campuses and Why Prevention Communication Messages Are Failing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollis, Michael J.

    2006-01-01

    An abundance of surveys and news reports have clearly indicated that sexual assaults and other violent crimes are prevalent on U.S. college and university campuses. What isn't as well known is how little is being done by most institutions to try and reduce this fact. Poor awareness of the reality of crime rates, combined with widespread policies…

  8. The provision of mental health services on Long Island college campuses: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Sanders, Lorraine B

    2007-01-01

    College students, often away from home for the first time, are at risk for mental health disorders that can affect academic performance and quality of life. The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the provision of mental health services to students attending colleges on Long Island, NY and to explore information about the policies developed in regards to disclosing mental health information to a student's family in the event of crisis. A descriptive questionnaire was developed for the purpose of this study. Qualified professionals are providing mental health services to students on Long Island college campuses but few policies exist to enhance communication in the event of crisis. Nurses employed in college health centers can work with students and families towards health-promoting behaviors and to proactively plan for the management of health information in the event of a mental health crisis.

  9. Mental health in American colleges and universities: variation across student subgroups and across campuses.

    PubMed

    Eisenberg, Daniel; Hunt, Justin; Speer, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    We estimated the prevalence and correlates of mental health problems among college students in the United States. In 2007 and 2009, we administered online surveys with brief mental health screens to random samples of students at 26 campuses nationwide. We used sample probability weights to adjust for survey nonresponse. A total of 14,175 students completed the survey, corresponding to a 44% participation rate. The prevalence of positive screens was 17.3% for depression, 4.1% for panic disorder, 7.0% for generalized anxiety, 6.3% for suicidal ideation, and 15.3% for nonsuicidal self-injury. Mental health problems were significantly associated with sex, race/ethnicity, religiosity, relationship status, living on campus, and financial situation. The prevalence of conditions varied substantially across the campuses, although campus-level variation was still a small proportion of overall variation in student mental health. The findings offer a starting point for identifying individual and contextual factors that may be useful to target in intervention strategies.

  10. High school to college transition: a profile of the stressors, physical and psychological health issues that affect the first-year on-campus college student.

    PubMed

    Hicks, Terence; Heastie, Samuel

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to profile identified stressors, physical and psychological health issues that affect first-year campus college students as they transition from high school to college. The Health Behaviors, Self-Rated Health and Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire was administered to 514 university college students. Results from this study determined that there were significant differences among student life stressors and physical and psychological health status between first-year on-campus and first-year off-campus college students. Most importantly this study documented compelling information regarding selection of roommate, poor housing, chronic and temporary diseases, injury and prescription medicine among college students attending a university in North Carolina. Implications for university health administrators, student affairs personnel, counselors and faculty are discussed.

  11. Social Inequality on the College Campus: A Consideration of Homosexuality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lance, Larry M.

    2008-01-01

    Aversion to homosexuals for many in the American society comes close to a true phobia, as a persistent and irrational fear. National surveys investigating attitudes toward homosexual relations between adults reported a majority of those responding believed that such relations were wrong. Taken to an extreme, homophobia and antigay discrimination…

  12. Social Inequality on the College Campus: A Consideration of Homosexuality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lance, Larry M.

    2008-01-01

    Aversion to homosexuals for many in the American society comes close to a true phobia, as a persistent and irrational fear. National surveys investigating attitudes toward homosexual relations between adults reported a majority of those responding believed that such relations were wrong. Taken to an extreme, homophobia and antigay discrimination…

  13. Campus Employment as a High Impact Practice: Relationship to Academic Success and Persistence of First-Generation College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savoca, Marianna

    2016-01-01

    The double burden of spiraling costs and limited financial aid has prompted more college students to work more hours than ever. Yet, working more hours can be detrimental to students' academic success and persistence, and first-generation college students are at even higher risk. While institutions cannot control off campus employment students…

  14. What Are the Buildings Saying? A Study of First-Year Undergraduate Students' Attributions about College Campus Architecture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Michael A.; Benton, Stephen L.

    2001-01-01

    Examines the attributions college students (N=301) make toward pictures of college campus buildings. Results reveal that students attributed greater likelihood of individual success to pictures depicting modern architecture than they did to those depicting traditional architecture. (Contains 28 references and 3 tables.) (Author/GCP)

  15. Campus Employment as a High Impact Practice: Relationship to Academic Success and Persistence of First-Generation College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savoca, Marianna

    2016-01-01

    The double burden of spiraling costs and limited financial aid has prompted more college students to work more hours than ever. Yet, working more hours can be detrimental to students' academic success and persistence, and first-generation college students are at even higher risk. While institutions cannot control off campus employment students…

  16. Governor's Task Force on Substance Abuse and Sexual Assault on College Campuses, 1991-1992. [Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Governor's Office, Richmond.

    This document presents the findings of a legislatively mandated task force on substance abuse and sexual assault on Virginia's college, university, and community college campuses. Following a series of public hearings on the issues, the Task Force divided into three focus area Committees: Education, Treatment, and Enforcement. Each committee…

  17. Guiding Math Students to Campus Services: An Impact Evaluation of the Beacon Program at South Texas College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Visher, Mary; Butcher, Kristin F.; Cerna, Oscar S.

    2011-01-01

    This research rigorously evaluates whether a low-cost intervention can improve students' performance in developmental math. The "Beacon Mentoring Program" was developed at South Texas College by professors, administrators, and staff at the college. Surveys of students revealed that many did not have someone on campus whom they felt they…

  18. Transition Services for Students with Intellectual Disabilities: A Case Study of a Public School Program on a Community College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neubert, Debra A.; Redd, Vanessa Alvarez

    2008-01-01

    Students with intellectual disabilities aged 18-21 are increasingly receiving transition services on college campuses during the last years of public schooling. These students may attend college courses, work in the community, access community recreational activities, and engage in age-appropriate experiences with peers without disabilities.…

  19. What Are the Buildings Saying? A Study of First-Year Undergraduate Students' Attributions about College Campus Architecture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Michael A.; Benton, Stephen L.

    2001-01-01

    Examines the attributions college students (N=301) make toward pictures of college campus buildings. Results reveal that students attributed greater likelihood of individual success to pictures depicting modern architecture than they did to those depicting traditional architecture. (Contains 28 references and 3 tables.) (Author/GCP)

  20. An Analysis of Nonfirst-Generation Community College Men of Color: Comparing GPA, Noncognitive, and Campus Ethos Differences across Race

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palacios, Angélica M. G.; Alvarez, Rafael D.

    2016-01-01

    Drawing upon the Community College Socio-Ecological Outcomes model, this study is among the first to have addressed the outcomes of nonfirst-generation community college men of color. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences across ethnicities for key factors in two socioecological domains, including noncognitive and campus ethos…

  1. An Analysis of Nonfirst-Generation Community College Men of Color: Comparing GPA, Noncognitive, and Campus Ethos Differences across Race

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palacios, Angélica M. G.; Alvarez, Rafael D.

    2016-01-01

    Drawing upon the Community College Socio-Ecological Outcomes model, this study is among the first to have addressed the outcomes of nonfirst-generation community college men of color. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences across ethnicities for key factors in two socioecological domains, including noncognitive and campus ethos…

  2. Perceptions of college and university presidents regarding tobacco-free campus policies.

    PubMed

    Reindl, Diana; Glassman, Tavis; Price, James; Dake, Joseph; Yingling, Faith

    2014-01-01

    To identify college presidents' support for tobacco-free campus policies (TFCP), perceived barriers and benefits to implementing such policies, and activities that might initiate policy adoption. Participants were 405 presidents (51% of 796 delivered surveys) from a national sample of eligible 4-year institutions in summer 2012. A 4-page, 24-item cross-sectional questionnaire was mailed to potential participants in 4 waves to maximize the response rate. The vast majority of presidents support TFCP (84%) and believed they should play a key role in establishing TFCP (80%). A majority agreed advocacy by campus groups was necessary to establishing TFCP. Presidents with an existing policy were twice as likely to believe advocacy was necessary for policy establishment. Presidents most commonly selected creating policy drafts and designating a committee as important to initiating TFCP. Advocates would benefit from focusing on presidential involvement and solutions to personnel barriers in establishing TFCP.

  3. Heterosexism, Depression, and Campus Engagement Among LGBTQ College Students: Intersectional Differences and Opportunities for Healing.

    PubMed

    Kulick, Alex; Wernick, Laura J; Woodford, Michael R; Renn, Kristen

    2016-09-28

    LGBTQ people experience health disparities related to multilevel processes of sexual and gender marginalization, and intersections with racism can compound these challenges for LGBTQ people of color. Although community engagement may be protective for mental health broadly and for LGBTQ communities in buffering against heterosexism, little research has been conducted on the racialized dynamics of these processes among LGBTQ communities. This study analyzes cross-sectional survey data collected among a diverse sample of LGBTQ college students (n = 460), which was split by racial status. Linear regression models were used to test main effects of interpersonal heterosexism and engagement with campus organizations on depression, as well as moderating effects of campus engagement. For White LGBTQ students, engaging in student leadership appears to weaken the heterosexism-depression link-specifically, the experience of interpersonal microaggressions. For LGBTQ students of color, engaging in LGBTQ-specific spaces can strengthen the association between sexual orientation victimization and depression.

  4. Perceived Built Environment Characteristics of On-Campus and Off-Campus Neighborhoods Associated With Physical Activity of College Students.

    PubMed

    Peachey, Andrew A; Baller, Stephanie L

    2015-01-01

    To identify differences in neighborhood environment and their association with physical activity (PA) levels of on-campus compared with off-campus students. Participants were 822 undergraduate students at a mid-sized mid-Atlantic university. Students completed the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Abbreviated and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in October 2013. Lower residential density, traffic safety, and crime scores and higher land-use mix diversity, aesthetics, and lack of parking scores were reported among on-campus residents. On-campus residents reported higher levels of active transportation PA, leisure PA, and total PA. Land-use mix diversity, aesthetics, and lack of cul-de-sacs were associated with physical activity level. The on-campus and off-campus environments differ in ways that may impact the ability of undergraduate students to be physically active. Strategies to promote continued active transportation and leisure PA are discussed.

  5. Growing Canopy on a College Campus: Understanding Urban Forest Change through Archival Records and Aerial Photography.

    PubMed

    Roman, Lara A; Fristensky, Jason P; Eisenman, Theodore S; Greenfield, Eric J; Lundgren, Robert E; Cerwinka, Chloe E; Hewitt, David A; Welsh, Caitlin C

    2017-09-13

    Many municipalities are setting ambitious tree canopy cover goals to increase the extent of their urban forests. A historical perspective on urban forest development can help cities strategize how to establish and achieve appropriate tree cover targets. To understand how long-term urban forest change occurs, we examined the history of trees on an urban college campus: the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, PA. Using a mixed methods approach, including qualitative assessments of archival records (1870-2017), complemented by quantitative analysis of tree cover from aerial imagery (1970-2012), our analysis revealed drastic canopy cover increase in the late 20th and early 21st centuries along with the principle mechanisms of that change. We organized the historical narrative into periods reflecting campus planting actions and management approaches; these periods are also connected to broader urban greening and city planning movements, such as City Beautiful and urban sustainability. University faculty in botany, landscape architecture, and urban design contributed to the design of campus green spaces, developed comprehensive landscape plans, and advocated for campus trees. A 1977 Landscape Development Plan was particularly influential, setting forth design principles and planting recommendations that enabled the dramatic canopy cover gains we observed, and continue to guide landscape management today. Our results indicate that increasing urban tree cover requires generational time scales and systematic management coupled with a clear urban design vision and long-term commitments. With the campus as a microcosm of broader trends in urban forest development, we conclude with a discussion of implications for municipal tree cover planning.

  6. Communicating/Muting Date Rape: A Co-Cultural Theoretical Analysis of Communication Factors Related to Rape Culture on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnett, Ann; Mattern, Jody L.; Herakova, Liliana L.; Kahl, David H., Jr.; Tobola, Cloy; Bornsen, Susan E.

    2009-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that college campuses foster a rape culture in which date rape (most commonly, rape of women) is an accepted part of campus activity (Buchwald, Fletcher, & Roth, 1993; Sanday, 2007). In focus groups at a Midwestern university, researchers asked students about rape as they experienced it or knew about it on campus. The…

  7. Communicating/Muting Date Rape: A Co-Cultural Theoretical Analysis of Communication Factors Related to Rape Culture on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnett, Ann; Mattern, Jody L.; Herakova, Liliana L.; Kahl, David H., Jr.; Tobola, Cloy; Bornsen, Susan E.

    2009-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that college campuses foster a rape culture in which date rape (most commonly, rape of women) is an accepted part of campus activity (Buchwald, Fletcher, & Roth, 1993; Sanday, 2007). In focus groups at a Midwestern university, researchers asked students about rape as they experienced it or knew about it on campus. The…

  8. Virginia Tech as a Sentinel Event: The Role of Psychiatry in Managing Emotionally Troubled Students on College and University Campuses.

    PubMed

    Giggie, Marisa A

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews the role of psychiatry in colleges and universities, and argues that psychiatrists are significantly underutilized as consultants and educators in managing emotionally troubled students. Focusing on the 2007 Virginia Tech mass shooting case as a sentinel event, the article outlines mental health issues facing post-secondary institutions and legal issues related to psychiatric services, including the following: the increased need for psychiatric services on campus; communication challenges among campus groups involved in managing high-risk students; efforts to balance patient confidentiality with public safety; confusion over privacy laws; and the changing role of the campus psychiatrist. An important conclusion is that psychiatrists working in campus settings have distinctive, vital skill sets that enable them to go far beyond their traditional roles of psychiatric evaluation and treatment and to serve in critical leadership, educational, and consultative capacities to benefit both emotionally troubled students and the wider campus community.

  9. [Analysis on the incidence and risk factors of campus violence among college students in Guangzhou].

    PubMed

    Wang, Chang; Dong, Xiao-Mei; Dai, Jin-Fang; Chi, Gui-Bo; Wang, Sheng-Yong; Dong, Shan; Peng, Lin

    2011-09-01

    To explore the incidence and risk factors of campus violence in Guangzhou. 2200 college students in three universities in Guangzhou were selected by cluster sampling method and were interviewed with self-designed questionnaire about the incidence and risk factors of campus violence in 2010. The final analysis sample was 2103. Chi-square test was used to analyze the gender, grade and major distribution of campus violence. Logistic regression method was used to analyze the influencing factors of campus violence in bully and victim. The incidence of campus violence in Guangzhou was 69.9% (1471/2103). In boys and girls the incidence of campus violence was 75.6% (830/1098) and 63.8% (641/1005) (χ(2) = 34.82, P < 0.05). The incidence of bully and victim of campus violence was 63.6%(1338/2103) and 55.3% (1163/2103). The incidence of bully and victim in boys was 70.9%(778/1098) and 60.0%(659/1098), and in girls was 55.7% (560/1005) and 50.1% (504/1005) (χ(2)(bully) = 51.93, χ(2)(victim) = 20.68, P < 0.01). The incidence of psychological violence was the highest (68.0%, 1430/2103), followed by sexual violence (34.2%, 719/2103), the incidence of physical violence was the lowest (16.5%, 348/2103). Results of logistic regression showed that boys (OR = 1.60), arts (OR = 1.82), with siblings (OR = 1.31), the living expenses was not enough (basic enough OR = 1.35, not enough OR = 1.54), playing the computer games (OR = 1.70), playing tricks such as sliding plate (OR = 2.03), loving violence program (general OR = 1.30, very like OR = 1.44), mother with gamble behavior (OR = 4.29), father's indulgent education style (OR = 1.60), been bullied by others before high school (OR = 1.61), dissatisfaction to the environment and rules of campus (nothing special feeling OR = 1.67, some dissatisfaction OR = 1.89), been treated badly by primary school teacher (one kind OR = 1.35, two kinds and above OR = 1.90)were the risk factors of bully. Boys (OR = 1.23), minority (OR = 1.71), with

  10. Building a Network of Grief Support on College Campuses: A National Grassroots Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fajgenbaum, David; Chesson, Benjamin; Lanzi, Robin Gaines

    2012-01-01

    About one in four college students report grieving the death of a family member or close friend within the past year. Although grief may be difficult at any time, there are several factors unique to the college age and environment that can make it particularly difficult. These factors include geographic distance from home and usual support…

  11. Good Grubbin': impact of a TV cooking show for college students living off campus.

    PubMed

    Clifford, Dawn; Anderson, Jennifer; Auld, Garry; Champ, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    To determine if a series of 4 15-minute, theory-driven (Social Cognitive Theory) cooking programs aimed at college students living off campus improved cooking self-efficacy, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding fruit and vegetable intake. A randomized controlled trial with pre-, post- and follow-up tests. University campus. Students (n = 101) from upper-level nonhealth courses (n = 37 male and n = 94 living off campus). The intervention group (n = 50) watched 4 weekly episodes of the cooking show, Good Grubbin'. The control group (n = 51) watched 4 weekly episodes on sleep disorders. Demographic information; knowledge, self-efficacy, motivations, barriers of eating fruits and vegetables; self-efficacy, motivations, barriers and behaviors of cooking; fruit and vegetable intake food frequency questionnaire. Repeated-measure analysis of variance and chi-square analyses were used to compare outcome variables. There were significant improvements in knowledge of fruit and vegetable recommendations in the intervention group compared to the control group postintervention and at 4-month follow-up (P < .05). There were no significant changes in fruit and vegetable motivators, barriers, self-efficacy or intake. A television show on nutrition and cooking may be influential in changing students' knowledge, but it seems to have little impact on dietary behaviors. With a recent increase in popularity of cooking shows, future research should investigate the impact an extended cooking and nutrition show series might have on young adult viewers.

  12. How many more guns?: Estimating the effect of allowing licensed concealed handguns on a college campus.

    PubMed

    Bouffard, Jeffrey A; Nobles, Matt R; Wells, William; Cavanaugh, Michael R

    2012-01-01

    Among other arguments, advocates for lifting bans on carrying concealed handguns on campus propose that this would increase the prevalence of legitimately carried handguns, which might then deter crimes or be used to intervene in campus shooting incidents like the one that took place at Virginia Tech in 2007. Opponents suggest that increased prevalence of concealed handguns would lead to increases in other negative consequences, such as accidental shootings. Little empirical research has examined the potential outcomes of such a policy change, nor has existing research examined the prerequisite issue of whether lifting these bans would result in substantial increases in the prevalence of concealed handguns among students. Using a sample of undergraduate classrooms selected from five academic buildings at a public university in Texas, this study examines the potential impact of lifting the concealed handgun ban on the likelihood that a given classroom would contain at least one legally carried handgun. Results reveal that the impact of potential policy changes in this area vary based on the building under consideration and the measure of potential handgun prevalence. Limitations of the study and implications for future research on the issue of concealed handgun carrying on college campuses are discussed.

  13. Perceptions of Safety by On-Campus Location, Rurality, and Type of Security/Police Force: The Case of the Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Robert C.; Gregory, Dennis E.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined Virginia community college students' perceptions of campus safety. A survey of 11,161 students revealed the crimes students most feared being a victim of while on the community college campus and the areas in which they felt the most and least safe. The research also demonstrated the effect of certain variables had on students'…

  14. Examining the Effects of Campus Climate, Ethnic Group Cohesion, and Cross-Cultural Interaction on Filipino American Students' Sense of Belonging in College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maramba, Dina C.; Museus, Samuel D.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore how campus climate, ethnic group cohesion and cross cultural interaction influence Filipino American college students' sense of belonging in college. Specifically, we examine the impact of three environmental and behavioral factors on students' sense of belonging: 1) campus racial climate, 2) ethnic group…

  15. Los Angeles Community College District Campus Child Development Centers' Measures of Effectiveness Project. Second Evaluation Report, Fiscal Year 1983-1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carfagna-Hunt, Karen; And Others

    The Los Angeles Community College District (LACCD) provides a Campus Child Development Center (CCDC) educational program for the preschool children of its college students at all nine of its campuses. In 1983-84, on-site, peer review team visits were conducted to evaluate the centers in terms of their achievement of six program objectives. The…

  16. Weight stigma and eating behaviors on a college campus: Are students immune to stigma's effects?

    PubMed

    Brewis, Alexandra; Brennhofer, Stephanie; van Woerden, Irene; Bruening, Meg

    2016-12-01

    College populations are groups of emerging adults undergoing significant transitions in eating and diet, being exposed to new social influences; many experience weight gain. Theoretically, college campuses should be places where weight stigma is evident and matters for dietary decision-making. We present the findings from two studies conducted within the same college population at a large public university, including anthropometric measures of body mass. Study 1 included two different measures of weight stigma (implicit and explicit) and measures of weight-control eating behaviors and fruit and vegetable consumption in a randomized representative sample of 204 students. Study 2 included a measure of weight responsibility and multiple measures of eating (food frequency, alcohol intake, and 24-hour dietary recalls), among freshman students (n = 202, n = 157 with 24-hour dietary recalls). Study 1 showed that the three types of stigmas were prevalent. Study 2 had a high prevalence of weight stigma attitudes and demonstrated the occurrence of unhealthful eating and binge drinking behaviors. Both studies found no relationship between weight stigma/responsibility and eating behaviors regardless of weight status. Beyond considering limitations of the study design, we propose two possible reasons for college students' relative immunity to the effects of weight stigma. Those with very high levels of stigma could be suppressing stigmatizing attitudes based on what they think others think is acceptable in a liberal college setting, or the chaotic form of "normal" eating in this population hides the effects of weight stigma.

  17. A campus-based motivational enhancement group intervention reduces problematic drinking in freshmen male college students.

    PubMed

    LaBrie, Joseph W; Pedersen, Eric R; Lamb, Toby F; Quinlan, Thomas

    2007-05-01

    The current study employs an adaptation to Motivational Interviewing (AMI) group intervention with freshmen male undergraduates. The program follows suggestions of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism for effective interventions with problematic college student drinking, and combines several empirically validated strategies to prevent drinking problems throughout college. All participants reduced drinking and alcohol-related problems; heavier drinkers and those experiencing the most alcohol-related problems reduced drinking most. Additionally, freshmen who completed the intervention were less likely than their non-intervention freshmen male peers to commit alcohol-related violations of campus policies. In addition to the reductions in problematic drinking, the group AMI has advantages over individual formats because larger numbers of students can benefit with comparable expenditures of time and effort.

  18. "I Believe What I See": College Students' Use of Media, Issue Engagement, and Perceived Responsibility Regarding Campus Sexual Assault.

    PubMed

    Li, Jo-Yun; Kim, Sei-Hill; O'Boyle, Jane

    2017-09-01

    The topic of campus sexual assault has received much media attention recently, prompting scholars to examine media effects on students' attitudes and behaviors. A survey of 567 American college students examined how their media exposure is related to issue engagement, perceived responsibility, and acceptance of rape myths. Results indicated that reading newspaper stories about campus sexual assault might contribute to college students' victim blaming. Among other media channels examined, social media were found to be highly correlated with students' engagement with the issue. We also found that victim blaming and acceptance of rape myths could be reduced by raising students' perceived importance of the issue. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed in detail.

  19. Polarized Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parr, Susan Resneck

    1991-01-01

    On college campuses, the climate is polarized because of intolerance and discrimination, censorship, factionalism, and anger among students and faculty. As a result, the campus is in danger of becoming dominated by political issues and discouraging the exchange of ideas characteristic of a true liberal arts education. (MSE)

  20. 76 FR 28960 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-19

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of...

  1. 75 FR 76423 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of...

  2. Pros and cons: prospective predictors of marijuana use on a college campus.

    PubMed

    Elliott, Jennifer C; Carey, Kate B

    2013-03-01

    Marijuana use on college campuses is prevalent and associated with high rates of abuse and dependence. The Marijuana Decisional Balance (MDB) scales measure perceived pros and cons toward marijuana use. Evidence supports reliability and concurrent validity of these scales, but the predictive validity has not yet been assessed. The current study evaluated the prospective predictive validity of pros and cons scales for marijuana use, as well as explored predictive validity for marijuana problem indicators. Secondary analyses included test-retest reliability and internal consistency, to provide additional evidence of psychometric properties. A total of 149 college students (57% recent marijuana users, 77% lifetime users) participated in a baseline survey, then completed a second survey one month later. All provided data on marijuana pros and cons, as well as use status in the past month. Users at each time point reported on use frequency, problems, and disorder symptoms. In the month between assessments, 55% of the students used marijuana. Both pros and cons subscales prospectively predicted use status in the subsequent month, but not use frequency. Pros prospectively predicted marijuana problems and dependence symptoms at follow-up, and remained a significant predictor of later dependence symptoms even after controlling for baseline dependence symptoms. In contrast, pros only marginally predicted abuse. Cons did not predict problems, abuse, or dependence symptoms. Pros and cons showed strong test-retest reliability (rs = 0.80-0.85) and internal consistency (alphas = 0.92-0.95). In a college sample, pros and cons of marijuana use demonstrated stability over one month, and prospectively predicted use. Pros may also have utility in predicting problems and dependence potential on college campuses.

  3. Utilizing Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Video to Analyze Patterns of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on College Campuses.

    PubMed

    Burke, Ryan C; Cinderich, Adam B; Prince, Lillian; Curtis, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Innovatively apply geographic information system (GIS) software and spatial video cameras to examine hotspots of smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure on a college campus. Pedestrians on a large public university in the United States. Spatial video cameras mounted on bicycles and GIS software captured and analyzed smoking on campus. Data were collected during times of heavy pedestrian traffic. Hotspot locations with high concentrations of observed smoking were identified. Using this innovative methodology, several hotspots were identified on campus where SHS exposure occurs frequently. These hotspots were in areas of high pedestrian traffic, thus indicating a potential for SHS exposure to many students. This paper demonstrates an innovative application of GIS and spatial video technology to understand outdoor smoking patterns on campus. These techniques can aid in program planning, decision-making, policy development, and enforcement.

  4. Evaluating California campus tobacco policies using the American College Health Association guidelines and the Institutional Grammar Tool.

    PubMed

    Roditis, Maria L; Wang, Donna; Glantz, Stanton A; Fallin, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    To measure comprehensiveness of California campus tobacco policies. Sixteen campuses representing different regions, institution types, and policies. Research occurred June-August 2013. Comprehensiveness was scored using American College Health Association's (ACHA) Position Statement on Tobacco. The Institutional Grammar Tool was used to breakdown policy statements into Strategies, Norms, or Rules. Differences in ACHA score and number of Strategies, Norms, and Rules were assessed by region, policy, and institution type. Median ACHA score was 0.35 (scale of 0-1). Schools with 100% tobacco-free policies had highest ACHA scores, but failed to address relationships between schools and tobacco companies. Less than half the schools assessed (7/16) had Rules (enforceable penalties related to policies). In 67% of the policy statements, individuals doing the action were implied (not specifically stated). Campuses should address ACHA recommendations related to campus relationships with tobacco companies, include enforceable rules, and specify individuals and entities covered by policy.

  5. Structural Diversity and Close Interracial Relationships in College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Nicholas A.

    2012-01-01

    Recent legal and political actions have challenged the use of race-conscious college admissions policies. Earlier research offers mixed evidence about the link between an institution's racial/ethnic composition (i.e., structural diversity) and the formation of close interracial relationships, so the present study examines this topic directly for…

  6. Structural Diversity and Close Interracial Relationships in College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Nicholas A.

    2012-01-01

    Recent legal and political actions have challenged the use of race-conscious college admissions policies. Earlier research offers mixed evidence about the link between an institution's racial/ethnic composition (i.e., structural diversity) and the formation of close interracial relationships, so the present study examines this topic directly for…

  7. Frequent Experience of LGBQ Microaggression on Campus Associated With Smoking Among Sexual Minority College Students.

    PubMed

    Ylioja, Thomas; Cochran, Gerald; Woodford, Michael R; Renn, Kristen A

    2016-11-08

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer/questioning (LGBQ) microaggressions refer to often-unintentional insults, assaults, and invalidations that denigrate sexual minorities. While experiencing hostile discrimination and violence has previously been associated with elevated rates of smoking cigarettes for LGBQ college students, the relationship between LGBQ microaggressions and smoking is unknown. Data from a national anonymous online survey of sexual and gender minority college students were used to examine the relationship between past month cigarette smoking and interpersonal LGBQ microaggressions. Multivariable logistic regression assessed the relationship between smoking and frequent (chronic) experiences of microaggressions, using a hierarchical procedure to control for demographics, predictors of smoking, and academic factors. Past year frequent LGBQ microaggression was reported by 48% of respondents and was more common among students who smoked in past 30 days. Experiencing past year physical violence was reported by 15% and did not differ by smoking status. Past year frequent experience of microaggressions was associated with increased odds of 1.72 (95% CI 1.03-2.87) for past 30-day smoking after adjusting for age, gender, race, socioeconomic indicators, alcohol misuse, physical violence, as well as academic stress and engagement. The results indicate that frequently experiencing LGBQ microaggressions is a risk factor for LGBQ college students smoking cigarettes. The mechanisms underlying this relationship require additional research, as does identifying positive coping strategies and institutional strategies to address LGBQ microaggressions on campuses. Tobacco control efforts should consider the impact of microaggression on the social environment for the prevention and treatment of tobacco use among LGBQ individuals. Microaggressions related to sexual minority identity include subtle forms of discrimination experienced during daily interactions that can create

  8. An Evaluation of Two Dating Violence Prevention Programs on a College Campus.

    PubMed

    Peterson, Kerry; Sharps, Phyllis; Banyard, Victoria; Powers, Ráchael A; Kaukinen, Catherine; Gross, Deborah; Decker, Michele R; Baatz, Carrie; Campbell, Jacquelyn

    2016-03-13

    Dating violence is a serious and prevalent public health problem that is associated with numerous negative physical and psychological health outcomes, and yet there has been limited evaluation of prevention programs on college campuses. A recent innovation in campus prevention focuses on mobilizing bystanders to take action. To date, bystander programs have mainly been compared with no treatment control groups raising questions about what value is added to dating violence prevention by focusing on bystanders. This study compared a single 90-min bystander education program for dating violence prevention with a traditional awareness education program, as well as with a no education control group. Using a quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test design with follow-up at 2 months, a sample of predominately freshmen college students was randomized to either the bystander (n = 369) or traditional awareness (n = 376) dating violence education program. A non-randomized control group of freshmen students who did not receive any education were also surveyed (n = 224). Students completed measures of attitudes, including rape myth acceptance, bystander efficacy, and intent to help as well as behavioral measures related to bystander action and victimization. Results showed that the bystander education program was more effective at changing attitudes, beliefs, efficacy, intentions, and self-reported behaviors compared with the traditional awareness education program. Both programs were significantly more effective than no education. The findings of this study have important implications for future dating violence prevention educational programming, emphasizing the value of bystander education programs for primary dating violence prevention among college students. © The Author(s) 2016.

  9. From college counselor to "risk manager": the evolving nature of college counseling on today's campuses.

    PubMed

    Davenport, Robin

    2009-01-01

    College counselors are increasingly being called upon to assess "risk" and protect the college community from harm. This paper explores how this changing role for counselors might be impacting its reputation with students. It further discusses the complex and ever-changing dimensions of "risk," noting the difficulty in developing reliable risk assessment tools.

  10. Student Organizations on Community College Campuses: An Examination of Engagement Levels of Community College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carmody Roster, Ellen

    2013-01-01

    This study uses data from the 2011 Community College Survey of Student Engagement [CCSSE] to compare students' engagement in academic pursuits and their relationships to fellow students, faculty, and administrators at community colleges that host highly-involved Phi Theta Kappa chapters, with students' perceptions of these attributes at community…

  11. A Guide for College Presidents and Governing Boards: Strategies for Eliminating Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse on Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Upcraft, M. Lee; Welty, John D.

    This guide outlines the extent of drug use and alcohol problems on college campuses and recommends five strategies for institutions of higher education: (1) develop clear policies concerning alcohol and other drugs; (2) enforce alcohol and other drug regulations; (3) provide alcohol and other drug education and prevention programs; (4) ensure…

  12. Ethnically Diverse College Students' Psychological Sense of Community: Do Their Perceptions of Campus Racial Climate Influence It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berryhill, Joseph C.; Bee, Erin K.

    2007-01-01

    Colleges often seek to promote a psychological sense of community (PSOC) among their students. However, there is limited research on factors promoting PSOC, and little empirical evidence on whether students of different ethnic backgrounds might experience PSOC differently. This study, which took place on a predominantly White campus, explored…

  13. "Outliers" to Bully Subculture on a College Campus and the Introduction of a New Term "Counter-Bully"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snell, Joel

    2017-01-01

    Chaos theory analysis is introduced to college campuses, bully-victim, and strategies to calm bully victim behavior. The author borrows from both literature and personal experience with ways to deal with bullies. Scenarios are also introduced. More literature review did not generate more strategies. Roughly 20 are described. The author also…

  14. Correlates of Success in the Community College: Using Research To Inform Campus Retention Efforts. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clagett, Craig A.

    In response to low graduation and transfer rates among degree-seeking students, Prince George's Community College (PGCC), in Maryland, established a campus-wide retention committee to develop recommendations to improve student achievement. A significant source of information for the committee was a longitudinal student tracking system and a…

  15. Strategies for Proficiency in Second Language Acquisition: Tarrant County Junior College, Northeast Campus. Final Project Evaluation Report, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harper, Jane; Lively, Madeleine

    In response to the needs of teachers for assistance in developing second language speaking and instructional skills, Tarrant County Junior College, Northeast Campus, designed a series of 10 16-hour workshops for teachers of foreign languages for summer 1989. The "Strategies for Proficiency Workshops" were intended primarily as in-service training…

  16. A Study of Students Withdrawing from On-Campus Programs at Calhoun Community College, 1981-82.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maples, Catherine C.; Owings, Thomas G.

    In 1982, a study was conducted at Calhoun State Community College (CSCC) to determine causes of student withdrawal and factors influencing re-enrollment. Questionnaires were administered to 985 individuals who withdrew from on-campus programs during the 1981-82 academic year; of these, 37 were returned by mail and 254 were completed in person or…

  17. Heads UP!: A Nested Intervention with Freshmen Male College Students and the Broader Campus Community to Promote Responsible Drinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaBrie, Joseph W.; Pedersen, Eric R.; Lamb, Toby F.; Bove, Lane

    2006-01-01

    The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism developed several guidelines for effective interventions in dealing with problematic college student drinking, including targeted individual interventions paired with broader campus community involvement. The project Heads UP! combines these suggestions in an effort to intervene with high-risk…

  18. A Conceptual Framework for Studying Alcohol Intake and Blood Pressure on Historically Black College and University Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter-Edwards, Lori; Godette, Dionne C.; White, Sumitra Shantakumar; Tyson, William

    2009-01-01

    Drinking increases the risk of elevated blood pressure, a risk factor for chronic ailments such as hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The experience of elevated blood pressure in young adulthood may be critical for the development of these diseases later in life. College campuses are venues replete with young adults, and drinking is a…

  19. Decreasing Use of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs on a College Campus: Exploring Potential Factors Related to Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English, Erin M.; Shutt, Michael D.; Oswalt, Sara B.

    2009-01-01

    High-risk alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use has been a persistent problem on college campuses despite decades of prevention programming. However, some universities may begin to experience a lower prevalence of high-risk behaviors, not because of education efforts, but because of generational changes in the incoming student population.…

  20. Fit and Phat: Black College Women and Their Relationship with Physical Activity, Obesity and Campus Recreation Facilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter-Francique, Akilah R.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to recognize factors that contribute to Black female college students adoption of physically active behaviors. In addition, this paper acknowledges the prevalence of obesity in the United States for Black women, and examines the relationship between body mass index, physical activity and use of campus recreation…

  1. A Conceptual Framework for Studying Alcohol Intake and Blood Pressure on Historically Black College and University Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter-Edwards, Lori; Godette, Dionne C.; White, Sumitra Shantakumar; Tyson, William

    2009-01-01

    Drinking increases the risk of elevated blood pressure, a risk factor for chronic ailments such as hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The experience of elevated blood pressure in young adulthood may be critical for the development of these diseases later in life. College campuses are venues replete with young adults, and drinking is a…

  2. How Do College Campuses Make Decisions about Allocating Resources for Student Mental Health? Findings from Key Participant Interviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Justin B.; Watkins, Daphne; Eisenberg, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Given the significant burden of mental illness among young adults, colleges offer a promising venue for prevention and treatment, which can help set late adolescents and young adults on a path to success and wellbeing. Despite the potential benefits, there have been no published studies of how campuses decide about allocating resources for mental…

  3. Colleges Report 7.500 Violent Crimes on Their Campuses in First Annual Statements Required under Federal Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lederman, Douglas

    1993-01-01

    In response to the federal requirement to supply security statistics on campus crime, about 2,400 colleges and universities have reported a total of 30 murders, almost 1,000 rapes, and over 1,800 robberies. However, violent crimes were outnumbered by property crimes such as burglary (32,127) and car theft (8,981). The lack of reporting guidelines…

  4. Decreasing Use of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs on a College Campus: Exploring Potential Factors Related to Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English, Erin M.; Shutt, Michael D.; Oswalt, Sara B.

    2009-01-01

    High-risk alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use has been a persistent problem on college campuses despite decades of prevention programming. However, some universities may begin to experience a lower prevalence of high-risk behaviors, not because of education efforts, but because of generational changes in the incoming student population.…

  5. Fit and Phat: Black College Women and Their Relationship with Physical Activity, Obesity and Campus Recreation Facilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter-Francique, Akilah R.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to recognize factors that contribute to Black female college students adoption of physically active behaviors. In addition, this paper acknowledges the prevalence of obesity in the United States for Black women, and examines the relationship between body mass index, physical activity and use of campus recreation…

  6. Heads UP!: A Nested Intervention with Freshmen Male College Students and the Broader Campus Community to Promote Responsible Drinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaBrie, Joseph W.; Pedersen, Eric R.; Lamb, Toby F.; Bove, Lane

    2006-01-01

    The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism developed several guidelines for effective interventions in dealing with problematic college student drinking, including targeted individual interventions paired with broader campus community involvement. The project Heads UP! combines these suggestions in an effort to intervene with high-risk…

  7. Perspectives on Identity, Disclosure, and the Campus Environment among African American Gay and Bisexual Men at One Historically Black College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Lori D.

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study examined how 6 African American men at one historically Black college made meaning of their gay or bisexual identity, made decisions about to whom they disclosed this identity, and how their sexual identity experiences were mediated given the context of the campus environment. The findings suggest although this particular…

  8. Correlates of Academic Performance of Freshman Students at the College of Micronesia--Federated States of Micronesia, Pohnpei Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamsis, Pablo H., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    The study aimed to correlate the performance of Pohnpei Campus freshman students in the College of Micronesia-Federated States of Micronesia during the fall semester 2009 to students' socio-demographic characteristics, parents'/guardians' socio-demographic characteristics, and school characteristics. The Student Survey Questionnaire gathered data…

  9. CEEB Campus to Prospective Student Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirkman, Kay

    Johnson County Community College, one of 20 institutions of higher education in the greater Kansas City metropolitan area, has developed a comprehensive communications program which works. Close to eight percent of the college's current operating budget is dedicated to the communication process. Most publications are printed on campus by the Word…

  10. The efficacy of a theory-based, participatory recycling intervention on a college campus.

    PubMed

    Largo-Wight, Erin; Johnston, Dedee DeLongpre; Wight, Jeff

    2013-11-01

    Recycling solid waste is an important primary prevention focus to protect environmental resources and human health. Recycling reduces energy consumption and emissions and the need to harvest raw material, which protects air, water, and land. In the study described in this article, the authors conducted an eight week field study to test the efficacy of an intervention aimed to increase can and bottle recycling on a college campus. Recycling volume was assessed in three campus buildings (two treatments and one control) over eight weeks. The control building had standard outdoor-only recycling. The treatment buildings had standard outdoor recycling plus four weeks with the treatment indoor recycling. Total can and bottle recycling volume increased 65%-250% in the treatment buildings compared to the control building. Recycling significantly increased in both the classroom (t = -2.9, p < .05) and administrative (t = -12.4, p < .001) treatment buildings compared to the control building (t = -.13, p = .91). Results suggest that convenience of receptacles alone, without education or additional promotion, resulted in significantly more recycling. Health promoters should prioritize efforts to make recycling easy and convenient.

  11. Party Characteristics, Drinking Settings, and College Students’ Risk of Intoxication: A Multi-Campus Study

    PubMed Central

    Marzell, Miesha; Bavarian, Niloofar; Paschall, Mallie J.; Mair, Christina; Saltz, Robert F.

    2015-01-01

    We examined party characteristics across different college drinking settings, associations between party characteristics and likelihood of drinking to intoxication, and the mediating role of perceived prevalence of intoxicated partygoers. Students (N = 6903) attending 14 public universities in California during the 2010 and 2011 fall semesters completed surveys on individual and party characteristics in six unique settings (e.g., residence hall). We used descriptive statistics to examine party characteristics by setting. We estimated multilevel logistic regression models to identify party characteristics associated with drinking to intoxication, and we used RMediation to determine significance of mediating effects. Individual and party characteristics varied by drinking context. Greater time at a party was associated with drinking to intoxication at five of six settings, while larger party size was significant only for outdoor settings. Enforcing the legal drinking age and refusing to serve intoxicated patrons were associated with lower likelihood of intoxication at Greek and off-campus parties. The presence of a keg was associated with drinking to intoxication at Greek, off-campus and outdoor parties; at bars, cover charges and drink promotions were positively associated with drinking to intoxication. In four of six settings, we found evidence of significant mediating effects through perceived prevalence of intoxicated partygoers. Findings highlight risk and protective characteristics of parties by drinking setting, and have prevention implications. PMID:25976418

  12. Party Characteristics, Drinking Settings, and College Students' Risk of Intoxication: A Multi-Campus Study.

    PubMed

    Marzell, Miesha; Bavarian, Niloofar; Paschall, Mallie J; Mair, Christina; Saltz, Robert F

    2015-08-01

    We examined party characteristics across different college drinking settings, associations between party characteristics and likelihood of drinking to intoxication, and the mediating role of perceived prevalence of intoxicated partygoers. Students (N = 6903) attending 14 public universities in California during the 2010 and 2011 fall semesters completed surveys on individual and party characteristics in six unique settings (e.g., residence hall). We used descriptive statistics to examine party characteristics by setting. We estimated multilevel logistic regression models to identify party characteristics associated with drinking to intoxication, and we used RMediation to determine significance of mediating effects. Individual and party characteristics varied by drinking context. Greater time at a party was associated with drinking to intoxication at five of six settings, while larger party size was significant only for outdoor settings. Enforcing the legal drinking age and refusing to serve intoxicated patrons were associated with lower likelihood of intoxication at Greek and off-campus parties. The presence of a keg was associated with drinking to intoxication at Greek, off-campus and outdoor parties; at bars, cover charges and drink promotions were positively associated with drinking to intoxication. In four of six settings, we found evidence of significant mediating effects through perceived prevalence of intoxicated partygoers. Findings highlight risk and protective characteristics of parties by drinking setting, and have prevention implications.

  13. Fraternity membership, rape myths, and sexual aggression on a college campus.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, M D; Nogrady, C A

    1996-06-01

    This study examines whether male support groups, specifically fraternities, supports the victimization of women, and the extent of its relationship to alcohol use. 119 self-administered questionnaires were analyzed. Among male subjects, 93.3% were Whites with an average age of 20.5 years; approximately 22% of this sample were members of fraternities. After analysis of data, the hypothesis, which states that fraternity men were more likely to hold rape myths than non-fraternity men, was rejected. It was further revealed that fraternity men are not different from other men on a variety of measures. However, the existence of a male peer support system for the victimization of women was evident in this study. Moreover, the strong relationship between heavy drinking and admission as a sexual aggressor revealed in this study should alert rape educators on college campuses to make alcohol education a high priority in their anti-rape efforts.

  14. To Solicit or Not Solicit--That Is the Question: Issues and Guidelines for the College Administrator Concerned with Solicitation on the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Melvin W., II

    Legal opinion and case law concerning door-to-door solicitation in student residence halls and other campus facilities are discussed in order to assist administrators in policy development and review. Conclusions include the following: colleges' regulation of solicitation is limited by First Amendment free speech guarantees; in deciding what areas…

  15. Campus Climate Matters: Changing the Mental Health Climate on College Campuses Improves Student Outcomes and Benefits Society. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    RAND Corporation, 2016

    2016-01-01

    California, which has some 2.8 million students on its public higher education campuses, is taking steps to reduce the gap between students' need for mental health treatment and their use of mental health services. Beginning in 2011, as part of a statewide initiative to improve mental health outcomes for all Californians, the California Mental…

  16. Campus Climate Matters: Changing the Mental Health Climate on College Campuses Improves Student Outcomes and Benefits Society. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    RAND Corporation, 2016

    2016-01-01

    California, which has some 2.8 million students on its public higher education campuses, is taking steps to reduce the gap between students' need for mental health treatment and their use of mental health services. Beginning in 2011, as part of a statewide initiative to improve mental health outcomes for all Californians, the California Mental…

  17. National Conference on Campus Safety (22nd, The University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, July 6-10, 1975). Safety Monographs for Schools and Colleges No. 35.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Jack N., Ed.

    The objective of the Campus Safety Association is to promote safety on college and university campuses by the exchange of information on prevention of accidents to faculty, staff, and students. The annual conference, of several days duration, is a combination of education, training, and discussion of specific problems. This monograph contains the…

  18. Stopping Sexual Assault on Private College Campuses: Impact Evaluation of a Prevention and Awareness Intervention Conducted with Community Partners at a Christian University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Alycia; Butcher, Melissa; Thomas, Kate H.; Jemsek, Jacqueline; Shields, Margaret M.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Prevention advocates work hard to create and deliver sexual assault awareness programs on college campuses, including Christian universities. To do so requires savvy planning and a high degree of cultural competence, as a review of the literature indicates that some Christian campuses shy away from the topic and refuse to allow needed…

  19. Alcohol Prevention on College Campuses: The Moderating Effect of the Alcohol Environment on the Effectiveness of Social Norms Marketing Campaigns*

    PubMed Central

    Scribner, Richard A.; Theall, Katherine P.; Mason, Karen; Simonsen, Neal; Schneider, Shari Kessel; Towvim, Laura Gomberg; DeJong, William

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Evaluations of social norms marketing campaigns to reduce college student drinking have produced conflicting results. This study examines whether the effectiveness of such campaigns may be moderated by on-premise alcohol outlet density in the surrounding community. Method: Multilevel analyses were conducted of student survey responses (N = 19,838) from 32 U.S. colleges that took part in one of two 4-year randomized, controlled trials completed for the Social Norms Marketing Research Project (SNMRP). In the models, students by year were nested within treatment (n = 16) and control group (n = 16) campuses, which were characterized by the on-premise outlet density in their surrounding community. The moderating effect of outlet density was introduced into the models as an interaction between the treatment effect (i.e., the effect of the social norms marketing campaigns over time) and outlet density. The models were also stratified by campus alcohol outlet density (high vs. low) to examine the effect of the intervention in each type of setting. Results: There was a significant interaction between the treatment effect and on-premise alcohol outlet density for one of the drinking outcomes targeted by the SNMRP intervention, the number of drinks when partying, and marginal evidence of interaction effects for two other outcomes, maximum recent consumption and a composite drinking scale. In stratified analyses, an intervention effect was observed for three of the four outcomes among students from campuses with lower on-premise alcohol outlet density, whereas no intervention effect was observed among students from campuses with higher on-premise alcohol outlet density. Conclusions: The findings suggest that the campus alcohol environment moderates the effect of social norms marketing interventions. Social norms marketing intervention may be less effective on campuses with higher densities of on-sale alcohol outlets. PMID:21388596

  20. Alcohol prevention on college campuses: the moderating effect of the alcohol environment on the effectiveness of social norms marketing campaigns.

    PubMed

    Scribner, Richard A; Theall, Katherine P; Mason, Karen; Simonsen, Neal; Schneider, Shari Kessel; Towvim, Laura Gomberg; DeJong, William

    2011-03-01

    Evaluations of social norms marketing campaigns to reduce college student drinking have produced conflicting results. This study examines whether the effectiveness of such campaigns may be moderated by on-premise alcohol outlet density in the surrounding community. Multilevel analyses were conducted of student survey responses (N= 19,838) from 32 U.S. colleges that took part in one of two 4-year randomized, controlled trials completed for the Social Norms Marketing Research Project (SNMRP). In the models, students by year were nested within treatment (n = 16) and control group (n = 16) campuses, which were characterized by the on-premise outlet density in their surrounding community. The moderating effect of outlet density was introduced into the models as an interaction between the treatment effect (i.e., the effect of the social norms marketing campaigns over time) and outlet density. The models were also stratified by campus alcohol outlet density (high vs. low) to examine the effect of the intervention in each type of setting. There was a significant interaction between the treatment effect and on-premise alcohol outlet density for one of the drinking outcomes targeted by the SNMRP intervention, the number of drinks when partying, and marginal evidence of interaction effects for two other outcomes, maximum recent consumption and a composite drinking scale. In stratified analyses, an intervention effect was observed for three of the four outcomes among students from campuses with lower on-premise alcohol outlet density, whereas no intervention effect was observed among students from campuses with higher on-premise alcohol outlet density. The findings suggest that the campus alcohol environment moderates the effect of social norms marketing interventions. Social norms marketing intervention may be less effective on campuses with higher densities of on-sale alcohol outlets.

  1. College student marijuana involvement: Perceptions, use, and consequences across 11 college campuses.

    PubMed

    Pearson, Matthew R; Liese, Bruce S; Dvorak, Robert D

    2017-03-01

    Marijuana is currently the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, and with the movement toward legalization of recreational marijuana, the country faces numerous issues regarding policy, prevention, and treatment of marijuana use. The present study examines the prevalence of marijuana use and consequences and compares users and non-users on a wide range of other marijuana-related constructs among college students across 11 universities. Participants included 8141 college students recruited from the psychology department participant pools of 11 universities throughout the US, including four major regions of the US (West, South, Midwest, Northeast) and states with varying policies regarding the legality of marijuana use. We observed marijuana use rates similar to representative samples of young adults and college students (i.e., 53.3% lifetime marijuana users, 26.2% past month marijuana users). About 1 in 10 past month marijuana users experienced no consequences from their use, whereas nearly 1 in 10 experienced 19 or more consequences. Lifetime marijuana users had more positive perceptions of marijuana compared to non-users on a wide-range of marijuana-related constructs. We report descriptive statistics on a wide range of marijuana-related variables. We hope that these data provide a useful baseline prior to increased legalization of recreational marijuana use. Multi-site studies like this one are needed to study the risky and protective factors for problematic marijuana use. These findings can inform interventions and public policy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) Web Academy Webinar: Compost from Food Waste: Understanding Soil Chemistry and Soil Biology on a College/University Campus

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This page contains information about the Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) Web Academy Webinar Series titled Compost from Food Waste:Understanding Soil Chemistry and Soil Biology on a College/University Campus

  3. College Students' Experiences and Perceptions of Harassment on Campus: An Exploration of Gender Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reason, Robert D.; Rankin, Susan R.

    2006-01-01

    Using a campus climate assessment instrument developed by Rankin (1998), we surveyed students (N = 7,347) from 10 campuses to explore the different experiences with harassment and campus climates reported by men and women. Both men and women reported experiencing harassment, although women experienced harassment at statistically significantly…

  4. Tweeting negative emotion: An investigation of Twitter data in the aftermath of violence on college campuses.

    PubMed

    Jones, Nickolas M; Wojcik, Sean P; Sweeting, Josiah; Silver, Roxane Cohen

    2016-12-01

    Studying communities impacted by traumatic events is often costly, requires swift action to enter the field when disaster strikes, and may be invasive for some traumatized respondents. Typically, individuals are studied after the traumatic event with no baseline data against which to compare their postdisaster responses. Given these challenges, we used longitudinal Twitter data across 3 case studies to examine the impact of violence near or on college campuses in the communities of Isla Vista, CA, Flagstaff, AZ, and Roseburg, OR, compared with control communities, between 2014 and 2015. To identify users likely to live in each community, we sought Twitter accounts local to those communities and downloaded tweets of their respective followers. Tweets were then coded for the presence of event-related negative emotion words using a computerized text analysis method (Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count, LIWC). In Case Study 1, we observed an increase in postevent negative emotion expression among sampled followers after mass violence, and show how patterns of response appear differently based on the timeframe under scrutiny. In Case Study 2, we replicate the pattern of results among users in the control group from Case Study 1 after a campus shooting in that community killed 1 student. In Case Study 3, we replicate this pattern in another group of Twitter users likely to live in a community affected by a mass shooting. We discuss conducting trauma-related research using Twitter data and provide guidance to researchers interested in using Twitter to answer their own research questions in this domain. (PsycINFO Database Record

  5. The Campus Sweetheart: An Idealized, Gendered Image on College Campuses in the Early to Mid-Twentieth Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorgosz, Jon

    2014-01-01

    On a June, summer day at Albion College, Byron Stokes and Dudleigh Vernor, two undergraduate members of the local chapter of Sigma Chi fraternity, sat down at the college organ in Dickie Hall and coined the most famous song in fraternity history, "The Sweetheart of Sigma Chi" ("The Sweetheart of Sigma Chi," n.d.a). The tune…

  6. The First Close Look at Colleges' Digital Pirates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Read, Brock

    2007-01-01

    This article reports on a monitoring project commenced by the campus-network officials at Illinois State University that shows that the campus network is a haven for illegal activity. In an effort to bridge the divide between the university and the entertainment industry, Illinois State designed an unorthodox research program to give a detailed…

  7. The First Close Look at Colleges' Digital Pirates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Read, Brock

    2007-01-01

    This article reports on a monitoring project commenced by the campus-network officials at Illinois State University that shows that the campus network is a haven for illegal activity. In an effort to bridge the divide between the university and the entertainment industry, Illinois State designed an unorthodox research program to give a detailed…

  8. Security: Vandalism, Campus Security

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nation's Schools and Colleges, 1975

    1975-01-01

    Police use a middle school at Lauderdale Lakes, Florida, as a nighttime headquarters. At several colleges and universities students are supplementing professional campus security departments. (Author/MLF)

  9. Community organizing goes to college: a practice-based model to implement environmental strategies to reduce high-risk drinking on college campuses.

    PubMed

    Wagoner, Kimberly G; Rhodes, Scott D; Lentz, Ashley W; Wolfson, Mark

    2010-11-01

    Community organizing is a successful method to leverage resources and build community capacity to identify and intervene on health issues. However, published accounts documenting the systematic facilitation of the process are limited. This qualitative analysis explored community organizing using data collected as part of the Study to Prevent Alcohol Related Consequences (SPARC), a randomized community trial of 10 North Carolina colleges focused on reducing consequences of high-risk drinking among college students. The authors sought to develop and confirm use of a community-organizing model, based in practice, illustrating an authentic process of organizing campus and community stakeholders for public health change. Using the grounded theory approach, they analyzed and interpreted data from three waves of individual interviews with full-time community organizers on five SPARC intervention campuses. A five-phase community-organizing model was developed and its use was confirmed. This model may serve as a practical guide for public health interventions using community-organizing approaches.

  10. Illinois Community Colleges: Expanding Opportunities. A Guide to Quality, Affordable, Educational Opportunities...Very Close to Home.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    Designed as a recruitment pamphlet and general information guide for prospective students, this booklet contains two comprehensive charts on the 240 programs offered, and the degrees and certificates available at each of the 49 campuses in the Illinois Community College system. The first chart indicates which campuses in the system offer Associate…

  11. Illinois Community Colleges: Expanding Opportunities. A Guide to Quality, Affordable, Educational Opportunities...Very Close to Home.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    Designed as a recruitment pamphlet and general information guide for prospective students, this booklet contains two comprehensive charts on the 240 programs offered, and the degrees and certificates available at each of the 49 campuses in the Illinois Community College system. The first chart indicates which campuses in the system offer Associate…

  12. Predictors of safer sex on the college campus: a social cognitive theory analysis.

    PubMed

    O'Leary, A; Goodhart, F; Jemmott, L S; Boccher-Lattimore, D

    1992-05-01

    In April and May 1989, the authors surveyed a sample of students enrolled on four college campuses in New Jersey (N = 923) concerning their HIV transmission-related behavior, knowledge, and a variety of conceptual variables taken primarily from social cognitive theory that were thought to be potentially predictive of safer sexual behavior. Analyses of sexually active, unmarried students' responses indicated that men expected more negative outcomes of condom use and were more likely to have sexual intercourse while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs, whereas women reported higher perceived self-efficacy to practice safer sex. Regression analyses indicated that, among the factors assessed, stronger perceptions of self-efficacy to engage in safer behavior, expecting fewer negative outcomes of condom use, and less frequency of sex in conjunction with alcohol or other drug use significantly predicted safer sexual behavior. Enhanced self-efficacy to discuss personal history with a new partner was associated with a greater number of risky encounters. Implications of these findings for intervention efforts with students are discussed.

  13. Heavy Episodic Drinking on College Campuses: Does Changing the Legal Drinking Age Make a Difference?*

    PubMed Central

    Rasul, Jawaid W.; Rommel, Robert G.; Jacquez, Geoffrey M.; Fitzpatrick, Ben G.; Ackleh, Azmy S.; Simonsen, Neal; Scribner, Richard A.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This article extends the compartmental model previously developed by Scribner et al. in the context of college drinking to a mathematical model of the consequences of lowering the legal drinking age. Method: Using data available from 32 U.S. campuses, the analyses separate underage and legal age drinking groups into an eight-compartment model with different alcohol availability (wetness) for the underage and legal age groups. The model evaluates the likelihood that underage students will incorrectly perceive normative drinking levels to be higher than they actually are (i.e., misperception) and adjust their drinking accordingly by varying the interaction between underage students in social and heavy episodic drinking compartments. Results: The results evaluate the total heavy episodic drinker population and its dependence on the difference in misperception, as well as its dependence on underage wetness, legal age wetness, and drinking age. Conclusions: Results suggest that an unrealistically extreme combination of high wetness and low enforcement would be needed for the policies related to lowering the drinking age to be effective. PMID:21138707

  14. Sexual violence on the college campus: a template for compliance with federal policy.

    PubMed

    McMahon, Patricia Pasky

    2008-01-01

    The author introduces a template, the Model Policy for the Prevention and Response to Sexual Assault, to assist institutions of higher education to benchmark campus policy compliance with federal laws directed at sexual assault. The author presents a detailed review of policy criteria recommended by the National Institute of Justice. The author proposes 2 unique criteria not found in the National Institute of Justice report for consideration for a comprehensive campus sexual assault policy. The template provides an inclusive system to benchmark campus sexual assault policies. Conforming to the template provides compliance with federal laws and demonstrates that the campus fosters a climate that does not tolerate sexual violence.

  15. Assessing Campus Counseling Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrar, William R.; Affsprung, Eric H.; Long, Jeffrey C.

    2010-01-01

    Campus mental health needs are in the spotlight. Whether the nature and severity of problems presenting in college counseling centers are increasing or not, it is important to provide appropriate services for the campus as a whole. By surveying the general campus population, a better basis for determining the needs of students can be established…

  16. Iowa Postsecondary Colleges, Universities, and Schools On-Campus and Off-Campus Classes Available across the State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greiner, Keith

    2010-01-01

    Iowa has 85 colleges and universities, and 112 registered instructional schools. In a world of growing online educational opportunities, the state's higher education institutions continue to provide an additional 130 sites where face-to-face learning takes place. Educators suggest that there continues to be a strong need for face-to-face learning…

  17. Learn about and Visit Historic College and University Campuses Using the National Park Service "Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shull, Carol D.

    2011-01-01

    The National Park Service actively educates the public about registered historic places on college and university campuses and encourages people to visit them through its "Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series." By featuring the historic buildings and grounds of colleges and universities in the itineraries, the National…

  18. How Many More Guns?: Estimating the Effect of Allowing Licensed Concealed Handguns on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bouffard, Jeffrey A.; Nobles, Matt R.; Wells, William; Cavanaugh, Michael R.

    2012-01-01

    Among other arguments, advocates for lifting bans on carrying concealed handguns on campus propose that this would increase the prevalence of legitimately carried handguns, which might then deter crimes or be used to intervene in campus shooting incidents like the one that took place at Virginia Tech in 2007. Opponents suggest that increased…

  19. Protective Factors, Campus Climate, and Health Outcomes among Sexual Minority College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodford, Michael R.; Kulick, Alex; Atteberry, Brittanie

    2015-01-01

    Heterosexism on campus can create a chilly climate for sexual minority students. Research has documented the negative impacts of campus climate on sexual minority students' health; however, little research has examined the role of potential protective factors among this population. Drawing on data collected from self-identified sexual minority…

  20. Legal Factors Related to Access to Campuses of Public Colleges and Universities: An Occasional Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lytle, Michael A.

    Legal methods and related case law that can be used by public higher education administrators to deal with intrusions by outsiders onto the campus are examined. The following legal factors related to control of campus access are addressed: risk management, police power, general trespass, school related trespass/loitering statutes, First and…

  1. Historically Black Colleges and Universities' Campus Culture and HIV Prevention Attitudes and Perceptions among Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren-Jeanpiere, Lari; Sutton, Madeline; Jones, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    This study provides insight into some sociostructural factors that may impact the experiences of HBCU students and influence their HIV/AIDS-related perceptions or use of prevention strategies on campuses. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study that addresses the potential influence of campus-related structural risks on the HIV…

  2. Perceptions of Campus Climates for Civic Learning as Predictors of College Students' Mental Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Joshua J.; Reason, Robert D.; Hemer, Kevin M.; Finley, Ashley

    2016-01-01

    This study explored whether three broad areas promoted students' mental health: perceptions of the climate related to civic learning, experiences on campus, and civic engagement. Campus climates for civic learning including the development of ethical and moral reasoning and the importance of contributing to community were the strongest predictors…

  3. Parents of Suicidal College Students: What Deans, Judges, and Legislators Should Know about Campus Research Findings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Thomas R.

    2006-01-01

    When suicidal behavior is reported, student affairs officers on many campuses notify parents as one component of a multifaceted campus suicide prevention plan. In response to proposals to mandate parental notification, the author argues that practical considerations warrant against expanding state laws to require notification following campus…

  4. Wiring Information to a College Campus: A Port for Every Pillow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finnegan, Gregory A.

    1990-01-01

    Describes the evolution of the current campus-wide computer network at Dartmouth and the library materials available to network users, including an online catalog, reference materials, machine readable data files not held by the library, and other databases. Plans for an integrated campus-wide information system and the library's role in this…

  5. Cool Campus! A How-To Guide for College and University Climate Action Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Walter

    2009-01-01

    While a number of excellent campus climate planning resources are available, this guide attempts to fill a gap by providing an abundance of "how-to" information. The goal of the guide is to assist climate action planning teams at schools that are well versed in campus climate issues and well along in the CAP (Climate Action Planning) process as…

  6. Protective Factors, Campus Climate, and Health Outcomes among Sexual Minority College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodford, Michael R.; Kulick, Alex; Atteberry, Brittanie

    2015-01-01

    Heterosexism on campus can create a chilly climate for sexual minority students. Research has documented the negative impacts of campus climate on sexual minority students' health; however, little research has examined the role of potential protective factors among this population. Drawing on data collected from self-identified sexual minority…

  7. Cool Campus! A How-To Guide for College and University Climate Action Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Walter

    2009-01-01

    While a number of excellent campus climate planning resources are available, this guide attempts to fill a gap by providing an abundance of "how-to" information. The goal of the guide is to assist climate action planning teams at schools that are well versed in campus climate issues and well along in the CAP (Climate Action Planning) process as…

  8. Campus Racial Climate: A Litmus Test for Faculty Satisfaction at Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Victorino, Christine A.; Nylund-Gibson, Karen; Conley, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on a study that investigated the relationship between three dimensions of campus racial climate and faculty satisfaction with a large, nationally representative faculty sample (N = 29,169), using a multilevel structural equation model. Results indicate that campus racial climate has a large and highly significant effect upon…

  9. Campus Connections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnzen, Michael A.

    1995-01-01

    Presents guidelines for college students on using the Internet. Highlights include registering early, learning about Campus Wide Information System, finding an ideal time to use the computer lab and experimenting on the equipment, finding local USENET groups, reading the local mailing lists, researching professors' backgrounds, e-mailing…

  10. Public archaeological interpretation on the campus of St. Mary's College of Maryland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horrom, Alexander Michael

    2011-12-01

    Communicating archaeological findings to non-archaeologists is one of the most important and challenging aspects of the discipline. Archaeologists must serve multiple publics, bring communities into the archaeological process, and effectively disseminate information in order for their work to achieve relevance in the modern world. Communication with the public can take many forms, and brings together aspects of historic preservation, dialogic interpretation, applied critical archaeology, heritage, and landscape studies. This dissertation analyzes public interpretation at St. Mary's City, Maryland, a multi-component historic landscape containing historic and prehistoric sites from various time periods and proposes measures to be taken there to better engage the public. This site presents a unique context for public interpretation: the Historic St. Mary's City archaeological museum occupies a portion of the landscape, while neighboring St. Mary's College of Maryland is a public collegiate campus that contains an imposing number of uninterpreted sites. Exploration of the histories and relationships between these institutions provide insight into the many factors which impact public interpretation. Examination of this case includes identifying audiences, gauging attitudes towards archaeology, assessing current interpretive measures, and identifying areas where public engagement can be improved. The example of St. Mary's outlines how an individual's relationship to archaeology is interwoven into their experience of the landscape. The past and present coexist on historic landscapes, and public communication can use this juxtaposition to engage audiences in meaningful ways. I conclude by developing an archaeological walking tour of the St. Mary's landscape aimed at creating discussion and making people aware of the sites around them.

  11. Campus Profile 98.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glendale Community Coll., CA. Planning and Research Office.

    Glendale Community College's Campus Profile is designed to assist faculty, staff, and students in understanding the college's diverse operations. Organized around an outline from the state accountability model, this statistical report focuses on the academic years 1995-1997. "Campus Profile '98" includes more accountability performance…

  12. A Safer Campus?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Violino, Bob

    2010-01-01

    The FBI, in partnership with the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Secret Service, recently released a report on violent attacks on college campuses that details ongoing security concerns at U.S. institutions of higher learning, including the nation's 1,173 community colleges. Researchers say the goal of the report, "Campus Attacks:…

  13. Changes in eating and physical activity behaviors across seven semesters of college: living on or off campus matters.

    PubMed

    Small, Meg; Bailey-Davis, Lisa; Morgan, Nicole; Maggs, Jennifer

    2013-08-01

    The transition from adolescence to adulthood is an important period for establishing behavioral patterns that affect long-term health and chronic disease risk. Nelson and colleagues speculated that developmental changes and changes in living situation may play an important role in the nutrition and physical activity behaviors of college students. Data from the University Life Study, a longitudinal study of college students that includes web-based surveys administered 14 consecutive days each semester, were used to examine fruit, vegetable, and sugared soda consumption, physical activity, and sedentary activity behaviors across seven semesters. Estimates for each semester were calculated to determine the frequency with which students consumed fruits, vegetables, and sugared soda, engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity, and engaged in sedentary activities. Four models, estimated with HLM 6.04, were used to predict changes in these behaviors across the seven semesters. Living on or off campus was included to determine if this explained additional variance. Results indicated that few college students consumed fruits and vegetables or exercised at optimal levels during the seven semesters surveyed. Daily fruit and vegetable consumption and daily physical activity declined significantly from the first to the seventh semester. For both of these findings, living off campus exacerbated the problem. Average number of hours of sedentary behaviors declined over time, as did number of days on which at least one sugared soda was consumed. Living location did not explain additional variance in these positive trends. Implications for policy, practice, and future research are discussed.

  14. A group-randomized tobacco trial among 30 Pacific Northwest colleges: Results from the Campus Health Action on Tobacco study

    PubMed Central

    McLerran, Dale; Livaudais, Jennifer C.; Coronado, Gloria D.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: We conducted a group-randomized trial to increase smoking cessation and decrease smoking onset and prevalence in 30 colleges and universities in the Pacific Northwest. Methods: Random samples of students, oversampling for freshmen, were drawn from the participating colleges; students completed a questionnaire that included seven major areas of tobacco policies and behavior. Following this baseline, the colleges were randomized to intervention or control. Three interventionists developed Campus Advisory Boards in the 15 intervention colleges and facilitated intervention activities. The freshmen cohort was resurveyed 1 and 2 years after the baseline. Two-years postrandomization, new cross-sectional samples were drawn, and students were surveyed. Results: At follow-up, we found no significant overall differences between intervention and control schools when examining smoking cessation, prevalence, or onset. There was a significant decrease in prevalence in private independent colleges, a significant increase in cessation among rural schools, and a decrease in smoking onset in urban schools. Discussion: Intervention in this college population had mixed results. More work is needed to determine how best to reach this population of smokers. PMID:20447935

  15. Impact of a Randomized Campus/Community Trial to Prevent High-Risk Drinking among College Students

    PubMed Central

    Wolfson, Mark; Champion, Heather; McCoy, Thomas P.; Rhodes, Scott D.; Ip, Edward H.; Blocker, Jill N.; Martin, Barbara Alvarez; Wagoner, Kimberly G.; O’Brien, Mary Claire; Sutfin, Erin L.; Mitra, Ananda; DuRant, Robert H.

    2013-01-01

    Background High-risk drinking by college students continues to pose a significant threat to public health. Despite increasing evidence of the contribution of community-level and campus-level environmental factors to high risk drinking, there have been few rigorous tests of interventions that focus on changing these interlinked environments. The Study to Prevent Alcohol Related Consequences (SPARC) assessed the efficacy of a comprehensive intervention using a community organizing approach to implement environmental strategies in and around college campuses. The goal of SPARC was to reduce high-risk drinking and alcohol-related consequences among college students. Methods Ten universities in North Carolina were randomized to an Intervention or Comparison condition. Each Intervention school was assigned a campus/community organizer. The organizer worked to form a campus-community coalition, which developed and implemented a strategic plan to use environmental strategies to reduce high-risk drinking and its consequences. The intervention was implemented over a period of 3 years. Primary outcome measures were assessed using a web-based survey of students. Measures of high-risk drinking included number of days alcohol was consumed, number of days of binge drinking, and greatest number of drinks consumed (all in the past 30 days); and number of days one gets drunk in a typical week. Measures of alcohol-related consequences included indices of moderate consequences due to one’s own drinking, severe consequences due to one’s own drinking, interpersonal consequences due to others’ drinking, and community consequences due to others’ drinking (all using a past 30-day timeframe). Measure of alcohol-related injuries included (1) experiencing alcohol-related injuries and (2) alcohol-related injuries caused to others. Results We found significant decreases in the Intervention group compared to the Comparison group in severe consequences due to students’ own drinking and

  16. Extending animal models to explore social rewards associated with designated smoking areas on college campuses.

    PubMed

    Lochbihler, Stephanie L; Miller, Daniel A; Etcheverry, Paul E

    2014-01-01

    Animal studies have shown that when nicotine is administered in the presence of other animals (as compared with alone), it is more rewarding. As a human analogue to these studies, rewards associated with designated smoking areas on university campuses were examined, since these areas promote using nicotine in the presence of others. Participants were 118 (Sample 1, collected November 2011) and 94 (Sample 2, collected April 2012) student smokers at a midwestern university. Data were collected via an Internet survey. Social interaction while smoking on campus (as compared with smoking alone) significantly increased the perceived reward of smoking, looking forward to spending time in the campus smoking areas, and how many times the campus smoking areas were visited. Although designated smoking areas may protect nonsmoking students from the dangers of secondhand smoke, these areas may increase the rewards associated with nicotine for the smokers who use them.

  17. The Home Environments of Christian College Freshmen: Behind Closed Doors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fledderjohann, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    This study provides a descriptive snapshot of high school students' home lives from their perspective as first-year college students as they attended a Bible college or Christian liberal arts college. The sample of over 2,300 surveys was collected annually for 14 years through selected freshmen courses, and the data reports on the frequencies of…

  18. The Home Environments of Christian College Freshmen: Behind Closed Doors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fledderjohann, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    This study provides a descriptive snapshot of high school students' home lives from their perspective as first-year college students as they attended a Bible college or Christian liberal arts college. The sample of over 2,300 surveys was collected annually for 14 years through selected freshmen courses, and the data reports on the frequencies of…

  19. 75 FR 28786 - Federal Advisory Committee; National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors; Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-24

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors; Closed Meeting AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, National Defense Intelligence College, DoD. ACTION... of the Defense Intelligence Agency, National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors will be...

  20. A Population-Wide Screening and Tailored Intervention Platform for Eating Disorders on College Campuses: The Healthy Body Image Program

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Megan; Kass, Andrea E.; Trockel, Mickey; Glass, Alan I.; Wilfley, Denise E.; Taylor, C. Barr

    2014-01-01

    Objectives This paper presents a new approach to intervention for eating disorders and body image concerns on college campuses, using a model of integrated eating disorder screening and intervention. Formative data on implementation feasibility are presented. Participants College students enrolled at two universities between 2011–2012. Methods The Healthy Body Image program is an evidence-based screening and intervention platform, enacted via community and online resources. An online screen was used to identify students at varying levels of risk or eating disorder symptom status; responses were used to direct students to universal or targeted online interventions or further evaluation. Universal prevention programs to improve healthy weight regulation and body image culture were offered to all students. Results Formative data from 1,551 students illustrates the application of this model. Conclusions The Healthy Body Image program is feasible to deliver and provides a comprehensive system of screening, evidence-based intervention, and community culture change. PMID:24621000

  1. Campus Lighting: A Better Way

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School and University, 1977

    1977-01-01

    The lighting design at the Northwest Campus of Tarrant County Junior College in Texas helped put the campus at the top of the state's list of energy-efficient buildings. One factor is tight time control of lights. (Author)

  2. Invisibility, Difference, and Disparity: Alcohol and Substance Abuse on Two-Year College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eren, Colleen; Keeton, André

    2015-01-01

    The impact of alcohol and substance abuse on college students' behavior has become a ripe area of focus and research. However, interest and research has primarily been focused on traditional four- year college students. Thus, the four-year college experience is taken as the default against which two-year colleges are compared. Nearly 12 million…

  3. Invisibility, Difference, and Disparity: Alcohol and Substance Abuse on Two-Year College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eren, Colleen; Keeton, André

    2015-01-01

    The impact of alcohol and substance abuse on college students' behavior has become a ripe area of focus and research. However, interest and research has primarily been focused on traditional four- year college students. Thus, the four-year college experience is taken as the default against which two-year colleges are compared. Nearly 12 million…

  4. Reconceptualizing prevention of violence against women on college campuses: response to Victoria Banyard's actualizing the potential of primary prevention: a research agenda.

    PubMed

    Gillum, Tameka L

    2014-10-01

    Research is clear that violence against college women is a problem that warrants alternative prevention approaches to addressing and reducing its prevalence and creating safer campuses for women and men. Banyard's presentation gave us food for thought as we consider what such novel approaches may look like. New and innovative approaches that are multifaceted, comprehensive, and informed by theory are key. The ecological model can inform our understanding of the issue, the risk and protective factors associated, and the design and implementation of prevention efforts. It is critically important to engage college students in these efforts to create interventions that are culturally appropriate for college students. We must also meet students where they are, utilizing social marketing campaigns and capitalizing on social media and the use of communication technologies. Together, such efforts will facilitate our ultimate goal of reducing, if not eliminating, violence against women on college campuses.

  5. Community organizing goes to college: A practice-based model of community organizing to implement environmental strategies to reduce high-risk drinking on college campuses

    PubMed Central

    Wagoner, Kimberly G.; Rhodes, Scott D.; Lentz, Ashley W.; Wolfson, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Community organizing is a successful method to leverage resources and build community capacity to identify and intervene upon health issues. However, published accounts documenting the systematic facilitation of the process are limited. This qualitative analysis explored community organizing using data collected as part of the Study to Prevent Alcohol Related Consequences (SPARC), a randomized community trial of 10 North Carolina colleges focused on reducing consequences of high-risk drinking among college students. We sought to develop and confirm use of a community-organizing model, based in practice, illustrating an authentic process of organizing campus and community stakeholders for public health change. Using the grounded theory approach, we analyzed and interpreted data from three waves of individual interviews with full-time community organizers on five SPARC intervention campuses. A five-phase community-organizing model was developed and its use was confirmed. This model may serve as a practical guide for public health interventions utilizing community-organizing approaches. PMID:20530638

  6. OnCampus: a mobile platform towards a smart campus.

    PubMed

    Dong, Xin; Kong, Xiangjie; Zhang, Fulin; Chen, Zhen; Kang, Jialiang

    2016-01-01

    An increasing number of researchers and practitioners are working to develop smart cities. Considerable attention has been paid to the college campus as it is an important component of smart cities. Consequently, the question of how to construct a smart campus has become a topical one. Here, we propose a scheme that can facilitate the construction of a smart and friendly campus. We primarily focus on three aspects of smart campuses. These are: the formation of social circles based on interests mining, the provision of educational guidance based on emotion analysis of information posted on a platform, and development of a secondary trading platform aimed at optimizing the allocation of campus resources. Based on these objectives, we designed and implemented a mobile platform called OnCampus as the first step towards the development of a smart campus that has been introduced in some colleges. We found that OnCampus could successfully accomplish the three above mentioned functions of a smart campus.

  7. Going to College: A Campus-Based Partnership for Students with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cranston-Gingras, Ann; Davis, Deborah; Gonzalez, Gigi; Knollman, Greg; Thomas, Daphne; Wissner, Anne

    2015-01-01

    In this article we describe a university-school district partnership offering an on-campus transition experience for students with intellectual disabilities that includes collaborative experiences with pre-service special education teacher candidates. A description of the specific components and outcomes of the program is presented along with a…

  8. The Lurking Evil: Racial and Ethnic Conflict on the College Campus. AASCU Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hively, Robert, Ed.

    This publication represents the views of a group of university presidents who met on the White House grounds and at the National Capital to survey the rise in violence in all American universities and to assist in appraising and solving the pressing problems that arise from racial and ethnic tensions on the country's campuses. Titles and authors…

  9. Current Campus Issues. Proceedings June 1969 Institutes on College and University Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University Consultants, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

    The Institutes were held in Washington, D.C. and Ann Arbor, Mich. in June 1969, and were directed toward helping administrators develop greater senstivity and understanding of the critical issues facing them. This monograph contains a description of the 3-day "campus confrontation crisis" game played by the conference participants, and presents…

  10. Meanings of Ebony: Politics and Black Self-Identification among College Women on Predominately White Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacPherson, Tehmekah Ann

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates how female student members in campus organizations for women of color discuss black self-identification and their understandings of race, ethnicity, and gender. Through qualitative research and a framework that employs postpositivist realism and intersectionality, the study examines how the women's interpretations of their…

  11. The Decline of In Loco Parentis and the Shift to Coed Housing on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willoughby, Brian J.; Carroll, Jason S.; Marshall, William J.; Clark, Caitlin

    2009-01-01

    Many universities have changed their policies regarding the nature of on-campus housing--shifting from gender-specific to coed dorms. This study examines the scope of that transition in the United States. From a sampling of 100 universities in the United States, including the nation's 50 largest universities, it was found that the vast majority of…

  12. Fifteen Year Study of Drug and Alcohol Use on a College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heritage, Jeannette; West, W. Beryl

    Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) conducted campus-wide surveys on drug and alcohol use in 1977, 1983, 1987, and 1992. This survey was generated during the 1992 Fall semester. Results show that alcohol and drug use at MTSU has changed little in 15 years. The most noticeable change was the reduced use of marijuana by males. Cigarette smoking…

  13. Going to College: A Campus-Based Partnership for Students with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cranston-Gingras, Ann; Davis, Deborah; Gonzalez, Gigi; Knollman, Greg; Thomas, Daphne; Wissner, Anne

    2015-01-01

    In this article we describe a university-school district partnership offering an on-campus transition experience for students with intellectual disabilities that includes collaborative experiences with pre-service special education teacher candidates. A description of the specific components and outcomes of the program is presented along with a…

  14. Bereavement on the College Campus: Establishing an Effective Ritual for the Classroom and beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCusker, Kristine M.; Witherow, Laurie B.

    2012-01-01

    On a Thursday night in December 2010, a Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) first-year student stepped in front of a train and killed himself. Because it took some time for the news to reach campus and be confirmed, the student was "funeralized," as they say in the South, and buried before his professors or peers could be informed. That left…

  15. The Lurking Evil: Racial and Ethnic Conflict on the College Campus. AASCU Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hively, Robert, Ed.

    This publication represents the views of a group of university presidents who met on the White House grounds and at the National Capital to survey the rise in violence in all American universities and to assist in appraising and solving the pressing problems that arise from racial and ethnic tensions on the country's campuses. Titles and authors…

  16. Sustainability in Higher Education: Best Practices, Trends and Obstacles Impacting Champions of Sustainability on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, William A.

    2012-01-01

    There are champions of sustainable causes and initiatives within higher education; their actions are numerous and diverse as are the employment positions these champions hold on their respective campuses. This dissertation utilizes qualitative research methods inclusive of semistructured in-depth interviews to formulate case studies that are then…

  17. Testing the Limits of Academic Freedom: Controversial Art on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickus, Keith H.

    2007-01-01

    In recent months, the principle of academic freedom has made headlines. From legislative attempts to exercise control of campus activities to the passionate response to Ward Churchill's comments about victims of 9-11, efforts to limit the free exchange of ideas appear with increasing regularity. This article reviews the confrontation between…

  18. Extending Animal Models to Explore Social Rewards Associated with Designated Smoking Areas on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lochbihler, Stephanie L.; Miller, Daniel A.; Etcheverry, Paul E.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Animal studies have shown that when nicotine is administered in the presence of other animals (as compared with alone), it is more rewarding. As a human analogue to these studies, rewards associated with designated smoking areas on university campuses were examined, since these areas promote using nicotine in the presence of others.…

  19. Testing the Limits of Academic Freedom: Controversial Art on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickus, Keith H.

    2007-01-01

    In recent months, the principle of academic freedom has made headlines. From legislative attempts to exercise control of campus activities to the passionate response to Ward Churchill's comments about victims of 9-11, efforts to limit the free exchange of ideas appear with increasing regularity. This article reviews the confrontation between…

  20. Sexual Violence on the College Campus: A Template for Compliance with Federal Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, Patricia Pasky

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The author introduces a template, the Model Policy for the Prevention and Response to Sexual Assault, to assist institutions of higher education to benchmark campus policy compliance with federal laws directed at sexual assault. The author presents a detailed review of policy criteria recommended by the National Institute of Justice.…