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Sample records for college south hadley

  1. Delineation of Areas Contributing Water to the Dry Brook Public-Supply Well, South Hadley, Massachusetts

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Garabedian, Stephen P.; Stone, Janet Radway

    2004-01-01

    Areas contributing water to the Dry Brook public-supply well in South Hadley, Massachusetts, were delineated with a numerical ground-water-flow model that is based on geologic and hydrologic information for the confined sand and gravel aquifer pumped by the supply well. The study area is along the Connecticut River in central Massachusetts, about 12 miles north of Springfield, Massachusetts. Geologic units in the study area consist of Mesozoic-aged sedimentary and igneous bedrock, late-Pleistocene glaciolacustrine sediments, and recent alluvial deposits of the Connecticut River flood plain. Dry Brook Hill, immediately south of the supply well, is a large subaqueous lacustrine fan and delta formed during the last glacial retreat by sediment deposition into glacial Lake Hitchcock from a meltwater tunnel that was likely near where the Connecticut River cuts through the Holyoke Range. The sediments that compose the aquifer grade from very coarse sand and gravel along the northern flank of the hill, to medium sands in the body of the hill, and to finer-grained sediments along the southern flank of the hill. The interbedded and overlapping fine-grained lacustrine sediments associated with Dry Brook Hill include varved silt and clay deposits. These fine-grained sediments form a confining bed above the coarse-grained aquifer at the supply well and partially extend under the Connecticut River adjacent to the supply well. Ground-water flow in the aquifer supplying water to Dry Brook well was simulated with the U.S. Geological Survey ground-water-flow modeling code MODFLOW. The Dry Brook aquifer model was calibrated to drawdown data collected from 8 observation wells during an aquifer test conducted by pumping the supply well for 10 days at a rate of 122.2 cubic feet per minute (ft3/min; 914 gallons per minute) and to water levels collected from observation wells across the study area. Generally, the largest hydraulic conductivity values used in the model were in the sand and

  2. Geology of Hadley Rille.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, K. A.; Head, J. W.; Swann, G. A.

    1972-01-01

    Apollo 15 data support the concept that Hadley Rille is a giant collapsed lava tube that originated at its south end. The south half of the rille is sinuous and the bends are not structurally controlled, whereas the north half of the rille follows pre-mare structural troughs. Most of the rille has a V-shaped profile apparently formed by recession of the rims and coalescence of talus from both sides. The rille is scalloped and discontinuous locally, and the deepest parts consistently are the widest. This is a different relationship from that shown by river channels, but can instead be explained by collapse, with most extensive foundering at the deepest points. The upper 60 meters of the walls of the rille at the Apollo 15 site expose several layers of mare basalt. Most are massive units averaging at least 10 m thick; others are layered. Numerous talus blocks derived from the massive outcrops are 10 to 30 m across. The lunar flows are thus both thick and little jointed. The outcrop ledge and blocky talus derived from it are absent where the rille abuts Apennine massifs, showing that the rille cuts through the mare basalt and against massif material.

  3. Geology of Hadley Rille

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, K. A.; Head, J. W.; Swann, G. A.

    1972-01-01

    The regional setting, external and internal shape, and materials of Hadley Rille near the Apollo 15 landing site are described. The petrography presented includes lithologies, regolith, talus, and outcrops. The stratigraphy exposed on the rille wall is also considered.

  4. Scott on Slope of Hadley Delta

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1971-01-01

    Astronaut David R. Scott, mission commander, with tongs and gnomon in hand, studies a boulder on the slope of Hadley Delta during the Apollo 15 lunar surface extravehicular activity. The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) or Rover is in right foreground. View is looking slightly south of west. 'Bennett Hill' is at extreme right. Astronaut James B. Irwin, lunar module pilot, took this photograph.

  5. South Asians in College Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmad-Stout, David J.; Nath, Sanjay R.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this article is to provide information on the assessment and treatment of South Asian college students for mental health practitioners. We provide a brief historical review of the cultures from which these students come and the process of migration to the United States and also make recommendations for work with these students in the…

  6. South Asians in College Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmad-Stout, David J.; Nath, Sanjay R.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this article is to provide information on the assessment and treatment of South Asian college students for mental health practitioners. We provide a brief historical review of the cultures from which these students come and the process of migration to the United States and also make recommendations for work with these students in the…

  7. TROPICAL METEOROLOGY & Climate: Hadley Circulation

    SciTech Connect

    Lu, Jian; Vecchi, Gabriel A.

    2015-01-30

    The Hadley circulation, a prominent circulation feature characterized by rising air near the Equator and sinking air in the subtropics, defines the position of dry subtropical areas and is a fundamental regulator of the earth’s energy and momentum budgets. The character of the Hadley circulation, and its related precipitation regimes, exhibits variation and change in response to both climate variability and radiative forcing changes. The strength and position of the Hadley circulation change from year to year paced by El Niño and La Niña events. Over the last few decades of the twentieth century, the Hadley cell has expanded poleward in both hemispheres, with changes in atmospheric composition (including stratospheric ozone depletion and greenhouse gas increases) thought to have contributed to its expansion. This article introduces the basic phenomenology and driving mechanism of the Hadley circulation and discusses its variations under both natural and anthropogenic climate forcings.

  8. Apollo 15 at Hadley Base.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

    This publication highlights the mission of Apollo 15 and includes many detailed black and white and color photographs taken near the lunar Apennine Mountains and the mile-wide, meandering Hadley Rille. Some of the photographs are full page (9 by 12 inch) reproductions. (Author/PR)

  9. Apollo 15 at Hadley Base.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

    This publication highlights the mission of Apollo 15 and includes many detailed black and white and color photographs taken near the lunar Apennine Mountains and the mile-wide, meandering Hadley Rille. Some of the photographs are full page (9 by 12 inch) reproductions. (Author/PR)

  10. Are Community Colleges Right for South Africa?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ratcliff, James L.; Gibson-Benninger, Barbara

    Post-apartheid South Africa has been struggling with the question of how to restructure its institutions of higher education to both foster an equitable society and contribute to economic and technological development. Proponents of community colleges in the United States suggest that these institutions may best meet South Africa's needs.…

  11. Latino College Completion: South Dakota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  12. Latino College Completion: South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  13. 2011 Quantum Control of Light & Matter Gordon Research Conference (July 31-August 5, 2011, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA)

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas Weinacht

    2011-08-05

    Quantum control of light and matter is the quest to steer a physical process to a desirable outcome, employing constructive and destructive interference. Three basic questions address feasibility of quantum control: (1) The problem of controllability, does a control field exist for a preset initial and target state; (2) Synthesis, constructively finding the field that leads to the target; and (3) Optimal Control Theory - optimizing the field that carries out this task. These continue to be the fundamental theoretical questions to be addressed in the conference. How to realize control fields in the laboratory is an ongoing challenge. This task is very diverse viewing the emergence of control scenarios ranging from attoseconds to microseconds. How do the experimental observations reflect on the theoretical framework? The typical arena of quantum control is an open environment where much of the control is indirect. How are control scenarios realized in dissipative open systems? Can new control opportunities emerge? Can one null decoherence effects? An ideal setting for control is ultracold matter. The initial and final state can be defined more precisely. Coherent control unifies many fields of physical science. A lesson learned in one field can reflect on another. Currently quantum information processing has emerged as a primary target of control where the key issue is controlling quantum gate operation. Modern nonlinear spectroscopy has emerged as another primary field. The challenge is to unravel the dynamics of molecular systems undergoing strong interactions with the environment. Quantum optics where non-classical fields are to be generated and employed. Finally, coherent control is the basis for quantum engineering. These issues will be under the limelight of the Gordon conference on Quantum Control of Light and Matter.

  14. Astronaut David Scott on slope of Hadley Delta during Apollo 15 EVA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1971-01-01

    Astronaut David R. Scott, mission commander, with tongs and gnomon in hand, studies a boulder on the slope of Hadley Delta during the Apollo 15 lunar surface extravehicular activity. The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) or Rover is in right foreground. View is looking slightly south of west. 'Bennett Hill' is at extreme right. Astronaut James B. Irwin, lunar module pilot, took this photograph.

  15. Reginal Geology of Hadley Rille, part F

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, K. A.; Head, J. W.

    1972-01-01

    Local geology of Hadley Rille near the landing site of Apollo 15 is described. Orbital photography from the Hasselblad, metric, and panoramic cameras is used to study regional relationships of the rille. The shape of the rille due to various natural causes is examined, along with stratigraphic measurements of mare materials.

  16. College Women and the Job Market in the South, 1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galambos, Eva C.

    To provide women of the region and their counselors with information for assessing choices of college majors and career plans, the Southern Regional Education Board Manpower and Education Project findings on the employment outlook in the South for college graduates in various fields of study were refined to differentiate the total projected supply…

  17. EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE SOUTH CAMPUS OF SEATTLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCGUFFEY, C.W.

    THE SOUTH CAMPUS IS ONE OF THREE PLANNED FOR SEATTLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE. A CONSULTANT GROUP WORKED WITH STAFF COMMITTEES IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THIS FACILITY. AREAS CONSIDERED ARE SITE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, AND FACILITIES FOR ADMINISTRATION AND FACULTY, STUDENT PERSONNEL SERVICES, COLLEGE CENTER, INSTRUCTIONAL…

  18. South Texas Community College Fact Book, 2000-2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lance, Melissa L., Ed.

    The 2000-2001 Fact Book provides a comprehensive body of facts about South Texas Community College (STCC). Topics addressed include general college profile, access, completion, transfer rate, employment, student retention, TASP Test passage rate, academic progress of students, student and faculty satisfaction, finance, and facilities. Report…

  19. Temperature influence on Hadley cell dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Molnos, S.

    2016-12-01

    Over the last decades, satellite observations indicate that the Hadley cells have widened and possibly also intensified [1,2]. This might lead to a shift of fertile habitats with implications for biodiversity and agriculture [3]. Causes for these observed changes are uncertain and the possible role of global warming is debated. To better understand the key dynamical forcings involved, we investigate Hadley cell dynamics with an idealized atmosphere model [4,5] and compare its results with reanalysis data. This statistical-dynamical atmosphere model (SDAM) is based on time-averaged equations, and therefore much faster than the more widely used Atmospheric general circulations models (AGCMs).With SDAMS it is possible to perform climate simulations up to multi-millennia timescales. Here, we employ it to study the dominant processes related to the observed strengthening and widening of the Hadley cell using a very large ensemble sensitivity experiment testing the following possible underlying drivers: meridional temperature gradient, temperature anomaly and global mean temperature GMT. Interestingly, whereas the width of the Hadley cell depends nonlinearly on the temperature gradient, while its Intensification is nearly independent on temperature gradient. In contrast, a larger GMT always leads to an intensified Hadley cell. References: [1] Mitas, C. M.: Has the Hadley cell been strengthening in recent decades?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32(3), 2005. [2] Seidel, D., Fu, Q., Randel, W. and Reichler, T.: Widening of the tropical belt in a changing climate, Nat. Geosci., 1(1), 21-248, 2008. [3] Heffernan, O.: The Mystery of Expanding Tropics, Nature, 530, 20-22, 2016. [4] Coumou, D., Petoukhov, V. and Eliseev, A. V.: Three-dimensional parameterizations of the synoptic scale kinetic energy and momentum flux in the Earth's atmosphere, Nonlinear Process. Geophys., 18(6), 807-827, 2011. [5] Eliseev, A. V., Coumou, D., Chernokulsky, A. V., Petoukhov, V. and Petri, S.: Scheme for

  20. College Degrees in South Carolina: An Employer's Guide, 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This Guide provides basic information to South Carolina employers regarding the nature of college degrees. It covers South Carolina law regarding the use of degrees, how to accurately describe degree needs when advertising for a position, how to evaluate a job applicant's claim of a degree, the growing problem of diploma mill degrees, and related…

  1. North & south elevations. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    North & south elevations. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Classics Building. Also includes longitudinal sections through the boiler room, plan of chimney, elevations of counter in the bookkeeping room, and detail of trusses over the oral English room. Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 4, job no. 312. Scales 1/8 inch to the foot and 1/2 inch to the foot. February 15, 1927. - San Bernardino Valley College, Classics Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  2. Energetic constraints on monsoonal Hadley circulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merlis, T. M.; Schneider, T.; Bordoni, S.; Eisenman, I.

    2011-12-01

    The strength of monsoons is believed to have varied in the past in response to changes in the seasonal shortwave radiation distribution associated with orbital precession and is expected to vary during the coming century due to increases in greenhouse gas concentrations. Here, we examine the constraint that the moist static energy budget imposes on the response to radiative perturbations of the cross-equatorial, or monsoonal, Hadley circulations. Changes in the strength of the mass transport can occur in response to radiative perturbations, which has been frequently discussed in the past. An additional factor in the energetic balance, however, is the atmosphere's energy stratification, which is commonly known as the gross moist stability in tropical meteorology. Therefore, changes in the atmosphere's gross moist stability can play a fundamental role in determining changes in the mass transport of mean circulations. Also, the influence of spatial variations in surface heat capacity on the top-of-the-atmosphere energy balance, rather than its widely discussed role in determining surface temperature, is important in determining how radiative perturbations are energetically balanced by monsoonal Hadley circulations. We examine the importance of energetic constraints on monsoonal Hadley circulations in idealized general circulation model simulations that have either an aquaplanet slab-ocean boundary condition or a zonally symmetric subtropical continent. The radiative balance in the simulations is perturbed first by insolation variations associated with orbital precession and then by increased carbon dioxide concentration. The simulation results demonstrate that summertime changes in gross moist stability are important for understanding past and future monsoon variations.

  3. Bidecadal Oscillation in Hadley and Walker Circulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minobe, S.

    2002-12-01

    Relation between the Bi-Decadal Oscillation and the Hadley and Walker circulations are investigated using NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data. It is known that the BDO has a global distribution but one action center of the atmospheric circulation anomaly associated with the BDO is Aleutian lows. As a representative time series of the BDO, wintertime (DJF) Aleutian low strength known as NPI, which is SLP averaged over 30-65N, 160E-140W, is used. In order to know the relation between the BDO and zonally averaged Hadley circulation, correlation and regression are calculated between the zonally-averaged vertical-meridional mass stream function in four seasons and the wintertime NPI after a 10-30-year band-pass filter was applied to both data. The most well organized structure in the correlations is observed in winter season, with two positive maxima of correlations (r >0.8) at 20S and 35N, which sandwich relatively weak negative correlations over the equator. The vertical extent of the southern high-correlations penetrate up to 200 hPa from 900 hPa, but the high-correlations in the northern hemisphere occur in the lower troposphere. The symmetry is less prominent in regressions, which are much intense in the northern hemisphere. Dominant positive correlations and regressions indicate that when Aleutian low is strong accompanied by negative NPIs, northward (southward) winds generally prevail in the lower (upper) troposphere in the off-equatorial tropics. For the Walker circulation, correlation and regression are calculated between the wintertime NPI and zonal wind speeds meridionally-averaged between 10S and 10N. High correlations and regressions are located in the middle of the troposphere over the western equatorial Pacific. The present results indicate that the BDO influences the Hadley and Walker circulations substantially. The correlations of stream functions prevailing over both the northern and southern hemispheres have significant implications on the inter

  4. Anthropogenic forcing on the Hadley circulation in CMIP5 simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Lijun; Hu, Yongyun; Liu, Jiping

    2016-05-01

    Poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation has been an important topic in climate change studies in the past few years, and one of the critically important issues is how it is related to anthropogenic forcings. Using simulations from the coupled model intercomparison projection phase 5 (CMIP5), we study influences of anthropogenic forcings on the width and strength of the Hadley circulation. It is found that significant poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation can be reproduced in CMIP5 historical all-forcing simulations although the magnitude of trends is much weaker than observations. Simulations with individual forcings demonstrate that among three major types of anthropogenic forcings, increasing greenhouse gases (GHGs) and stratospheric ozone depletion all cause poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation, whereas anthropogenic aerosols do not have significant influences on the Hadley circulation. Increasing GHGs cause significant poleward expansion in both hemispheres, with the largest widening of the northern cell in boreal autumn. Stratospheric ozone depletion forces significant poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation for the southern cell in austral spring and summer and for the northern cell in boreal spring. In CMIP5 projection simulations for the twenty-first century, the magnitude of poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation increases with GHG forcing. On the other hand, ozone recovery competes with increasing GHGs in determining the width of the Hadley circulation, especially in austral summer. In both historical and projection simulations, the strength of the Hadley circulation shows significant weakening in winter in both hemispheres.

  5. The dominant roles of the regional Hadley cell variability in boreal winter Hadley circulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Yong; Ramstein, Gilles; Li, Laurent Z. X.; Zhou, Tianjun; Tan, Ning

    2017-04-01

    Much attention has been focused on the recent poleward shift of Hadley circulation (HC). There have been no consensuses on the cause of this shift. In this study, we aim to demonstrate the cause of interannual variability of HC edges as well as HC strength, especially to isolate the key regions determining the HC edges from the dominant regions on HC strength base on four reanalysis datasets and Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP) datasets involved in Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5). Both observation and simulations confirm the roles of regional Hadley cells (RHCs) in charge of the interannual variability of northern Hadley cell intensity (NHCI) as well as southern Hadley cell edge (SHCE) and northern Hadley cell edge (NHCE). ENSO drives a stronger and narrower HC associated with intensified HC in tropics and weakened HC in subtropics during El Niño, but for La Niña the situation is opposite. Furtherly, it is the RHC over Eurasia (30 S˜30 N, 30 W˜155 E; RHC-Eurasia) under the under the modulation of midlatitude eddy related to ENSO events that mainly contributes the interannual variability of NHCE in boreal winter. The RHC over the Central Pacific (30˚ S˜30˚ N, 155˚ E˜230˚ E; RHC-CP) under the local control of ENSO-induced tropical diabatic heating largely determines the interannual variability of NHCI in boreal winter. the RHCs over the two domains (Eastern Pacific: 30 S˜30 N, 230 E˜ E; RHC-EP and Western Atlantic: 30 S˜30 N, 70 W˜30 W; RHC-WA) under the local control of ENSO-induced meridional temperature gradient exert the dominant roles in the interannual variability of SHCE in boreal winter.

  6. Perceptions of Leadership Attributes of South Carolina Technical College Presidents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Kevin Michael

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the leadership attributes perceived to be possessed by the presidents in South Carolina's Technical College System. The participants consisted of 16 presidents and 80 subordinates that were selected by the presidents. All participants were asked to complete the "Leader Attribute Inventory." Additionally, each…

  7. Accelerating the College and Career Readiness of South Dakota's Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    South Dakota is in the process of transitioning to new English language arts and mathematics standards that will better prepare students to be successful in college and their careers. Time, effort, and resources must be dedicated to effective implementation in order to realize the promise of these new common core state standards. This paper…

  8. Perceptions of Leadership Attributes of South Carolina Technical College Presidents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Kevin Michael

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the leadership attributes perceived to be possessed by the presidents in South Carolina's Technical College System. The participants consisted of 16 presidents and 80 subordinates that were selected by the presidents. All participants were asked to complete the "Leader Attribute Inventory." Additionally, each…

  9. Hadley circulations for zonally averaged heating centered off the equator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lindzen, Richard S.; Hou, Arthur Y.

    1988-01-01

    Consistent with observations, it is found that moving peak heating even 2 deg off the equator leads to profound asymmetries in the Hadley circulation, with the winter cell amplifying greatly and the summer cell becoming negligible. It is found that the annually averaged Hadley circulation is much larger than the circulation forced by the annually averaged heating.

  10. Astronaut David Scott on slope of Hadley Delta during Apollo 15 EVA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1971-08-01

    AS15-85-11437 (31 July 1971) --- Astronaut David R. Scott, commander, with tongs and gnomon in hand, studies a boulder on the slope of Hadley Delta during the Apollo 15 lunar landing mission's first extravehicular activity (EVA). The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), "Rover", is in the right foreground. The view is looking slightly south of west. "Bennett Hill" is at extreme right. Astronaut James B. Irwin, lunar module pilot, took this photograph. While astronauts Scott and Irwin descended together in the Lunar Module (LM) "Falcon" to explore the Hadley-Apennine area of the moon, astronaut Alfred M. Worden, command module pilot, remained with the Command and Service Modules (CSM) in lunar orbit.

  11. A simplified model of the modified Hadley circulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schneider, Edwin K.

    1987-01-01

    In this paper, a simplified model of modified Hadley circulation that is amenable to analysis is developed to find the low-latitude upper-tropospheric circulation which would exist in the absence of transient eddies. The model is developed as a perturbation of the ideal Hadley circulation solution due to zonally assymmetric thermal forcing and is solved semianalytically. The modified Hadley circulation, found using forcing derived from observed outgoing long-wave radiation, exhibits some similarities to observed features of the tropical and subtropical time-mean upper-tropospheric flow, particularly with regard to the velocity potential.

  12. Retaining Graduates of South Carolina Public Colleges and Universities. Special Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    With significant investments being made in higher education, particularly through merit-based student financial aid programs intended to encourage enrollment and graduation from the state's colleges, and the need for increased numbers of college graduates in South Carolina, the question of whether graduates of South Carolina's colleges and…

  13. Binge Drinking and Drinking and Driving among South Korean International College Students in the USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sa, J.; Seo, D.-C.; Nelson, T. F.; Lohrmann, D. K.; Ellis, N. T.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate two risky behaviours (i.e. binge drinking and drinking and driving) and their individual- and college-level correlates among South Korean international college students in the USA Design: Cross-sectional online survey (student response rate = 41.6%). Setting: South Korean college students (N = 1201) were recruited from 52…

  14. Binge Drinking and Drinking and Driving among South Korean International College Students in the USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sa, J.; Seo, D.-C.; Nelson, T. F.; Lohrmann, D. K.; Ellis, N. T.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate two risky behaviours (i.e. binge drinking and drinking and driving) and their individual- and college-level correlates among South Korean international college students in the USA Design: Cross-sectional online survey (student response rate = 41.6%). Setting: South Korean college students (N = 1201) were recruited from 52…

  15. Learning through Working: A Case Study of Chinese College Students in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cha, Minyoung; Chang, Wonsup

    2009-01-01

    This qualitative case study was designed to provide an understanding of the work experience of Chinese college students in South Korea. A growing number of Chinese students are coming to South Korea for college education, and their aspirations for better work materialize into work experiences in South Korean businesses. In-depth interviews were…

  16. Learning through Working: A Case Study of Chinese College Students in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cha, Minyoung; Chang, Wonsup

    2009-01-01

    This qualitative case study was designed to provide an understanding of the work experience of Chinese college students in South Korea. A growing number of Chinese students are coming to South Korea for college education, and their aspirations for better work materialize into work experiences in South Korean businesses. In-depth interviews were…

  17. Compositional variation in the Hadley Apennine region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark, P. E.; Hawke, B. R.

    Orbital geochemical data in the Hadley Apennine region are related to typical rock compositions and used in determining the distribution of soils derived from the rock types found in this region. Orbital XRF Mg/Si and Al/Si intensities are the orbital data that are used primarily. These data are corrected for spurious interorbit variation using a modification of a previously developed method. The corrected values are than converted to % MgO and % Al2O3, respectively, from theoretical considerations, and as such are compared with similar concentrations for typical lunar rocks and soils of the Apollo 15 landing site. The relationship of the XRF values to Fe, Ti, and Th concentrations, derived from gamma-ray observations, is also considered. It is established that the orbital geochemistry data for this region are consistent with the presence of a mixture of ANT suite and Fra Mauro basalt components frequently dominated by a KREEP basalt component toward the west and by a mafic pyroclastic component toward the east.

  18. Compositional variation in the Hadley Apennine region

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, P. E.; Hawke, B. R.

    1982-01-01

    Orbital geochemical data in the Hadley Apennine region are related to typical rock compositions and used in determining the distribution of soils derived from the rock types found in this region. Orbital XRF Mg/Si and Al/Si intensities are the orbital data that are used primarily. These data are corrected for spurious interorbit variation using a modification of a previously developed method. The corrected values are than converted to % MgO and % Al2O3, respectively, from theoretical considerations, and as such are compared with similar concentrations for typical lunar rocks and soils of the Apollo 15 landing site. The relationship of the XRF values to Fe, Ti, and Th concentrations, derived from gamma-ray observations, is also considered. It is established that the orbital geochemistry data for this region are consistent with the presence of a mixture of ANT suite and Fra Mauro basalt components frequently dominated by a KREEP basalt component toward the west and by a mafic pyroclastic component toward the east.

  19. Compositional variation in the Hadley Apennine region

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, P. E.; Hawke, B. R.

    1982-01-01

    Orbital geochemical data in the Hadley Apennine region are related to typical rock compositions and used in determining the distribution of soils derived from the rock types found in this region. Orbital XRF Mg/Si and Al/Si intensities are the orbital data that are used primarily. These data are corrected for spurious interorbit variation using a modification of a previously developed method. The corrected values are than converted to % MgO and % Al2O3, respectively, from theoretical considerations, and as such are compared with similar concentrations for typical lunar rocks and soils of the Apollo 15 landing site. The relationship of the XRF values to Fe, Ti, and Th concentrations, derived from gamma-ray observations, is also considered. It is established that the orbital geochemistry data for this region are consistent with the presence of a mixture of ANT suite and Fra Mauro basalt components frequently dominated by a KREEP basalt component toward the west and by a mafic pyroclastic component toward the east.

  20. The Hadley and Rossby regimes in a spherical atmosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feldstein, S. B.; Clark, J. H. E.

    1985-01-01

    The properties of the steady Hadley and Rossby regimes for a thermally forced rotating fluid on a sphere are studied. The two layer modified geostrophic model is employed which allows for thermal advection by the divergent wind and time dependent static stability. Heating processes are parameterized using the Newtonian approximation and Rayleigh friction is accounted for. The equations are transformed to spectral form using spherical harmonics and then truncated retaining a simple axisymmetric state and initial, one wave. A time independent Hadley circulation is obtained which is neutral to axisymmetric disturbances but unstable to wave like perturbations for intermediate values of the meridional temperature gradient, indicating the existence of both an upper and lower symmetric Hadley regime. An analytical solution for the steady Rossby circulation is determined for values of the meridional temperature gradient where the Hadley regime is unstable. Linear perturbation theory is used to show that within the steady Rossby regime two or more waves cannot exist simultaneously.

  1. The influence of concentrated heating on the Hadley circulation

    SciTech Connect

    Hou, A.Y. ); Lindzen, R.S. )

    1992-07-15

    This study extends the earlier work on Hadley circulations forced by broad, global heating distributions to situations where heating is latitudinally concentrated. In the case of heating symmetrically centered on the equator, concentration unambiguously increases the intensity of the Hadley circulation-by up to a factor of 5. For heating centered off the equator, its effect depends on whether the concentration is drawn symmetrically from both sides of the heating maximum or whether the heat is preferentially drawn from the winter side. In the latter case, concentration again leads to pronounced intensification of the Hadley circulation. Indeed, agreement between the calculated and observed Hadley intensity is achieved with mild concentration, consistent with the observed zonally averaged precipitation, rather than the narrower rainfall association with the ITCZ. This suggests that a weakening of those processes that broaden the zonally averaged rainfall (i.e., the easterly waves and regional land processes) would result in a much stronger Hadley circulation. The implication of this work is that a small change in the tropical heating distribution can profoundly alter the intensity of the Hadley circulation and the baroclinicity in the extratropics. This can, in turn, modulate wave transport in the middle and high latitudes, resulting in significant changes in the global climate. 82 refs., 24 figs.

  2. The Applied and Workforce Baccalaureate at South Texas College: Specialized Workforce Development Addressing Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mejia, Juan E.

    2012-01-01

    South Texas College (STC), created in 1993 as South Texas Community College (STCC), has developed from a concept by visionary leaders in the region to currently offering more than one hundred degree and certificate options for students from the counties of Hidalgo and Starr, including two bachelor of applied technology (B.A.T.) degrees. These…

  3. The Applied and Workforce Baccalaureate at South Texas College: Specialized Workforce Development Addressing Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mejia, Juan E.

    2012-01-01

    South Texas College (STC), created in 1993 as South Texas Community College (STCC), has developed from a concept by visionary leaders in the region to currently offering more than one hundred degree and certificate options for students from the counties of Hidalgo and Starr, including two bachelor of applied technology (B.A.T.) degrees. These…

  4. The Second Wave: The Small Protestant College in the South after the Civil War.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Read, Ira

    The creation, growth and history of white, coeducational, four-year, small, Protestant, liberal arts colleges in the South during the period between the Civil War and World War II are reviewed. The primary issues discussed are the geographical location of such colleges, their religious atmospheres, the problems of the college constituency, the…

  5. The influence of concentrated heating on the Hadley circulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hou, Arthur Y.; Lindzen, Richard S.

    1992-01-01

    The studies of Lindzen and Hou (1988) of Hadley circulation forced by global heating distributions are extended to situations where heating is latitudinally concentrated. The qualitative effect of narrow heating is examined by means of simple 'equal area' arguments of the type developed by Held and Hou (1980). Numerical calculations for a continuous fluid are carried out, showing that the intensity of the resulting Hadley circulation depends on how the heating is concentrated. It is shown that only a mild concentration is needed to achieve agreement with observations.

  6. The morphology and origin of Hadley Rille, the moon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brewer, T.

    1976-01-01

    Hadley Rille is directly related to the emplacement of mare basalts in Palus Putredinis. Existing hypotheses of sinuous rille origin are in discord with the cooling behavior of deep lava flows and the strength of materials. It is proposed that Hadley Rille is a channel which returned lava to the southern vent from which it initially extruded and that the channel persisted through many episodes of volcanism. This view is supported by available topographic information obtained by the lunar orbiter photography and the Apollo 15 mission.

  7. The Sioux Indian Goes to College. An Analysis of Selected Problems of South Dakota Indian College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Artichoker, John, Jr.; Palmer, Neil M.

    Problems of American Indian college students in South Dakota which appeared to be "distinctively Indian" in nature were identified. Two questionnaires were administered to 72 Indian students enrolled in 4-year colleges and universities during the spring of 1957. Data analysis centered on the comparison of the problems of two pair of…

  8. A Resource Handbook for Counseling the Physically Handicapped Student: Chabot College, South County Joint Junior College District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South County Joint Junior Coll. District, Hayward, CA.

    This handbook is intended for those who counsel the physically handicapped (hearing, orthopedic, speech, or visually impaired) students in high schools and community colleges within the South County Joint Junior College District. Following an overview on counseling the handicapped, three levels of educational resources, the high schools, Chabot…

  9. Nonlinear Hadley circulation driven by asymmetric differential heating

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunkerton, Timothy J.

    1989-01-01

    The dynamical state of the stratosphere influenced by radiative heating, with no internal sources or sinks of angular momentum, is examined. It is shown that there exists a nonlinear Hadley regime driven by antisymmetric (or more generally, asymmetric) thermal equilibria typical of the middle atmosphere at the solstices. This regime consists of a single mean meridional cell, equatorial easterlies, and strong winter westerlies. Outside of the circulation region the flow is in thermal equilibrium. The effect of one-sided friction, acting as a drag on midlatitude westerlies only, is to expand the Hadley cell into the winter hemisphere and increase the magnitude of cross-equatorial flow. This result is possible even in the steady state when the advection of angular momentum in the tropics is made small by reducing the gradient of angular momentum in this region instead of the advecting velocity.

  10. The Emergence of Marketing and Communications Strategy in South African Further Education and Training Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGrath, Simon; Akoojee, Salim

    2007-01-01

    South African further education and training (FET) colleges have been enjoined to become more responsive to their external environment, in keeping with international trends in public vocational education and training (VET) reform. One mechanism for achieving this goal is to market colleges and communicate more effectively to future students,…

  11. The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2016: South Carolina Key Findings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2016

    2016-01-01

    "The Condition of College and Career Readiness" looks at the progress of the 2016 ACT®-tested graduating class relative to college and career readiness. This state briefing begins with statistics in the following categories for South Carolina: performance, STEM, career readiness, impact, behaviors that impact access and opportunity,…

  12. The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2016: South Dakota Key Findings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2016

    2016-01-01

    "The Condition of College and Career Readiness" looks at the progress of the 2016 ACT®-tested graduating class relative to college and career readiness. This state briefing begins with statistics in the following categories for South Dakota: performance, STEM, career readiness, impact, behaviors that impact access and opportunity,…

  13. Student Voices: The Literacy Histories of Developmental Reading Students in a South Texas College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ready, Arlene; Parson, Paula

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a profile of the literacy histories of developmental reading students enrolled in a South Texas college. A literacy history questionnaire was used to collect written responses regarding the students' early literacy experiences prior to entering the college setting. Analysis of the written responses…

  14. The Emergence of Marketing and Communications Strategy in South African Further Education and Training Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGrath, Simon; Akoojee, Salim

    2007-01-01

    South African further education and training (FET) colleges have been enjoined to become more responsive to their external environment, in keeping with international trends in public vocational education and training (VET) reform. One mechanism for achieving this goal is to market colleges and communicate more effectively to future students,…

  15. TEC Marketing Survey: Results of the 1981 Statewide Technical College Survey of South Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Univ., Columbia. Coll. of Journalism.

    In 1981, a statewide survey of South Carolina's 16 technical college (TEC) service areas was conducted to pinpoint technical training programs with high and low visibility in order to improve recruitment, retention, and public awareness; to determine how the colleges can best communicate the career options offered; to assess citizen awareness of…

  16. Historical Analysis of the Policy on the College Entrance System in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Hee Jun; Park, Ji-Hye

    2013-01-01

    The national college admission system has quite frequently been altered in South Korea since Korea was liberated from Japanese colonial rule in 1945. Nonetheless, there are still many ways in which the national college entrance system can be improved. This article initially analysed and synthesized the issues associated with the Korean college…

  17. The effects of physical processes on the Hadley circulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rind, D.; Rossow, W. B.

    1984-01-01

    The Hadley cell is involved in the energy, momentum and moisture budgets in the atmosphere; it may be expected to change as sources and sinks of these quantities are altered due to climate perturbations. The nature of the Hadley cell change is complicated since alterations in one budget generally result in alterations in the others. Thus, Hadley cell sensitivity needs to be explored in an interactive system. In the GISS GCM (model I), a number of experiments are performed in which physical processes in each of the three budgets are omitted, the system adjusts, and the resultant circulation is compared to that of the control run. This procedure highlights which effects are most important and reveals the nature of the various interactions. The results emphasize the wide variety of processes that appear capable of influencing the mean circulation. The intensity of the circulation is related to the coherence of the thermal forcing, and to the thermal opacity of the atmosphere. When all frictional forcing is removed, the circulation is restricted to the equatorial region. The latitudinal extent appears to be controlled primarily by eddy processes (Ferrel cell intensity). The implications for climate modeling and climate projections (e.g. rainfall changes) are discussed.

  18. Surgical vs nonoperative treatment of Hadley type IIA odontoid fractures.

    PubMed

    Aldrian, Silke; Erhart, Jochen; Schuster, Rupert; Wernhart, Simon; Domaszewski, Florian; Ostermann, Roman; Widhalm, Harald; Platzer, Patrick

    2012-03-01

    Type II odontoid fractures with additional chip fragments are rare in clinical practice, accounting for < 10% of all odontoid fractures. Hadley et al were the first to describe these fractures as an individual subtype (IIA). To analyze the outcome of patients after surgical or nonoperative treatment of Hadley type IIA odontoid fractures. We analyzed the records of 46 patients at an average of 64 years of age at the time of injury. Twenty-five patients underwent surgical stabilization by anterior screw fixation and were entered into study group A; 21 patients were treated nonoperatively by halo vest immobilization and included in study group B. Thirty-seven patients (84%) returned to their preinjury activity level and were satisfied with their treatment. Using the Cervical Spine Outcomes Questionnaire to quantify the clinical outcome, we had an overall outcome score of 21.8. We did not find a significant difference in the overall clinical outcome between study groups. Bony fusion was achieved in 35 patients (80%). We had a nonunion rate of 13% after anterior screw fixation and a significantly higher rate of 30% after halo vest immobilization. Failure of reduction or fixation occurred in 12 patients (27%), with a significantly higher failure rate after halo vest immobilization. Hadley type IIA odontoid fractures are inherently unstable and impede proper realignment. These fractures have a significantly increased risk for secondary loss of reduction and bony nonunion, particularly after nonoperative management. Early surgery should be considered to avoid further complications.

  19. Longitudinal Trend Analysis of Performance Indicators for South Carolina's Technical Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hossain, Mohammad Nurul

    2010-01-01

    This study included an analysis of the trend of performance indicators for the technical college sector of higher education in South Carolina. In response to demands for accountability and transparency in higher education, the state of South Carolina developed sector specific performance indicators to measure various educational outcomes for each…

  20. Further Observational Evidence of Hadley Cell Widening in the Southern Hemisphere

    SciTech Connect

    Choi, Jung; Son, Seok-Woo; Lu, Jian; Min, Seung-Ki

    2014-04-16

    Various observational and modeling studies have shown that the Hadley cell (HC) has widened during the past few decades. Here, we present further observational evidence of the widening of the HC in the Southern Hemisphere by tracking the location of the subtropical ridge. A robust and significant poleward shift of the southern edge of the HC has been observed during the austral summer over the past three decades with a shift of 0.22 degrees per decade having occurred between 1980 and 2012, primarily from the South Atlantic Ocean to Australia. In other seasons, significant changes in the southern edge of the HC have not been observed, with a discernable regional trend having only occurred in a limited region. The comparison of these results with those derived from reanalysis data and possible causes for the summer HC expansion are briefly discussed.

  1. View looking north showing Mount Hadley photographed during Apollo 15 EVA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1971-08-02

    AS15-90-12187 (31 July-2 Aug. 1971) --- This view, looking generally north, shows the tall Mount Hadley in the left background. The photograph was taken from the slope of Hadley Delta during Apollo 15 extravehicular activity (EVA). The crewmen of Apollo 15 noted the visible layering feature of the mountain. Note boulder in foreground. Mount Hadley rises approximately 14,765 feet (about 4,500 meters) above the plain.

  2. Asymptotic and numerical solutions of the axisymmetric moist Hadley circulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burns, Samuel P.

    A simplified model of the moist axisymmetric Hadley circulation is examined in the asymptotic limit in which surface friction is strong and the meridional wind is weak compared to the zonal wind. This model consists of the Quasi-Equilibrium Tropical Circulation Model (QTCM) equations on an axisymmetric aquaplanet equatorial beta-plane. This model includes two vertical momentum modes, one baroclinic and one barotropic. Prior studies use either continuous stratification, or a shallow water system best viewed as representing the upper troposphere. The analysis here focuses on the interaction of the baroclinic and barotropic modes, and the way in which this interaction allows the constraints on the circulation known from the fully stratified case to be satisfied in an approximate way. The dry equations, with temperature forced by Newtonian relaxation towards a prescribed radiative equilibrium, are solved in chapter 4. At leading order, the resulting circulation has a zonal wind profile corresponding to uniform angular momentum at a level near the tropopause, and zero zonal surface wind, owing to the cancellation of the barotropic and baroclinic modes there. The weak surface winds are calculated from the first order corrections. The broad features of these solutions are similar to those obtained in previous studies of the dry Hadley circulation. The moist equations are solved in chapter 5, with a fixed sea surface temperature at the lower boundary and simple parameterizations of surface fluxes, deep convection, and radiative transfer. The solutions yield the structure of the barotropic and baroclinic winds, as well as the temperature and moisture fields. In addition, we derive expressions for the width and strength of the equatorial precipitating region (ITCZ) and the width of the entire Hadley circulation. The ITCZ width is on the order of a few degrees in the absence of any horizontal diffusion and is relatively insensitive to parameter variations. In chapter 6

  3. Changes in food habits of south Indian Hindu Brahmin immigrants in State College, PA.

    PubMed

    Mahadevan, Meena; Blair, Dorothy

    2009-01-01

    This study was conducted to understand the factors influencing changes in the food habits of south Indian Brahmin immigrants in State College, PA. Data was collected from participants (n = 28) using a semi-structured interview based on the PRECEDE framework, and participant observations. Analysis of the data used grounded theory generated themes highlighting their food acculturation experience. Adjusting in State College was described as a "delicate balance" that meant maintaining their south Indian traditions while at the same time adapting to the cultural milieu of a town that favored north Indian cuisine, and "blending in" with the larger American society.

  4. South African Universities Viewed through a Community College Lens

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Kristin Bailey; Van Alebeek, Wouter

    2017-01-01

    Since the end of apartheid, South African leaders have been working to transform all aspects of the racialized society into a nonracialized, nonsexist democratic state, including postsecondary education. This chapter examines the changing South African collegiate context focusing on access, persistence, affordability, accreditation, transfer, and…

  5. Predicting Alcohol Misuse Among College Students in the US and South Korea.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sang-Yeon; Ahn, Seokhoon; Lim, Tae-Seop

    2015-01-01

    This study examines contributing factors of alcohol misuse among college students in South Korea and the U.S. Exploratory factor analyses (EFA) on measurements of alcohol expectancy, alcohol efficacy, and accommodation resulted in social and personal causes for alcohol misuse. Social causes alone predicted alcohol misuse for both countries. Social factors constituted a much stronger predictor of alcohol misuse among South Korean students than among American students. Practical implications for effective deterrence of student binge drinking are discussed.

  6. A possible widening of the tropical Hadley cell over the past decades

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reichler, T.; Held, I.

    2005-12-01

    The tropical Hadley cell is an important feature of the general circulation of the atmosphere. The meridional overturning associated with the Hadley cell sets the stage for many tropical-extratropical interactions, and interannual variability and long-term trends of the Hadley cell can give rise to great impacts upon the variability of global climate. We investigate long-term trends of the meridional extent of the Hadley cell using a wide range of observational and model derived data. All data sources show a consistent widening trend of the Hadley cell, which amounts to a few degrees latitude during the past decades. In other words, the tropics have been increasing at the expense of the extratropics. The trend is consistent with other recent findings of decadal changes in the tropical atmosphere. The findings of this study raise the question for the reasons behind those changes and carries implications about future climate change and its resultant impact on global climate.

  7. Campus Protests on South African Investments; North Carolina's College-Desegregation Tangle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seligmann, Jean; Howard, Lucy

    1978-01-01

    Students put the pressure on universities to shed their stocks in U.S. corporations that do business with racially segregated South Africa and the Federal government's Department of Health, Education and Welfare pressures colleges who have failed to achieve full integration. (RK)

  8. Educational Plant Survey, South Florida Community College, January 5-8, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Office of Educational Facilities.

    Pursuant to Florida educational legislation, this report presents findings of an educational plant survey conducted in January 1993 at South Florida Community College (SFCC). The report is designed to aid the formulation of plans for housing the educational program, student population, faculty, administrators, staff, and ancillary services of the…

  9. The Development of Research Capability at Private Colleges in North and South Dakota. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adkins, E. Robert

    This final report summarizes the activities and accomplishments of a 3-year cooperative project (Dakota ACCORD) designed to stimulate and support educational research in three private liberal arts colleges located in North and South Dakota. Specific project objectives were: (1) to develop an awareness of research opportunities and skills among the…

  10. Factors Negatively Affect Speaking Skills at Saudi Colleges for Girls in the South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamad, Mona M.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated factors negatively affect English language speaking skills in Saudi colleges for girls in the South in terms of: a) Instructors. b) Students. c) Curriculum and textbook. d) English Language teaching methods and exercises. e) Teaching and learning environment. To collect data for the study, a questionnaire papers were…

  11. Overcoming the Challenges of Globalization: Community Colleges and the South's Economic Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Allen, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This newsletter offers the text of an address by David L. Dodson, President of MDC, Inc., to the presidents and officers of the Southern Association of Community, Junior, and Technical Colleges (SACTJC) on December 6, 1999 in Atlanta, Georgia. The talk focuses on MDC's fall 2000 report, the "State of the South." Research for the report…

  12. Journeys to Transformation: South Sudanese Refugees Negotiate Community College Education in Massachusetts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reyes, Andres Ray F.

    2013-01-01

    Using narrative inquiry, this qualitative study sought to examine the community college experiences of 12 South Sudanese refugees resettled in Massachusetts. Through interviews, I gathered participants' narratives around three focal areas: the impact of culturally responsive practices on their learning experiences, the challenges and obstacles…

  13. The Economic Value of Career Counseling Services for College Students in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Bo Young; Lee, Ji Hee; Kim, Areum; Kim, Boram; Cho, Daeyeon; Lee, Sang Min

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated college students' perception of the monetary value of career counseling services by using the contingent valuation method. The results of a multivariate survival analysis based on interviews with a convenience sample of 291 undergraduate students in South Korea indicate that, on average, participants' expressed willingness…

  14. South Jersey Outreach, Counseling and Training Project at Glassboro State College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glassboro State Coll., NJ. Office of Adult Continuing Education.

    The South Jersey Outreach, Counseling and Training Project was initiated by the Glassboro State College Office of Adult Continuing Education on September 23, 1985. The purpose of the project was to provide outreach, counseling, and in some cases training to single parents and homemakers in Gloucester, Camden, and Cumberland counties (New Jersey).…

  15. Profile of State College and Career Readiness Assessments (CCR) Policy. South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center on Education Policy, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This individual profile provides information on South Carolina's college and career readiness assessment policy. Some of the categories presented include: (1) CCR assessment policy; (2) Purpose; (3) Major changes in CCR assessment policy since the 2009-10 school year for financial reasons; (4) State financial support for students to take the CCR…

  16. Institutional Factors as Predictors of Students' Academic Achievement in Colleges of Education in South Western Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adeyemi, Abisola Moradeyo; Adeyemi, Seminu Babatunde

    2014-01-01

    The enhancement of the academic achievement of the Nigerian students has continued to engage the attention of educational practitioners and policy makers. This paper investigated institutional factors as predictors of students' academic performance in Colleges of Education in South-Western Nigeria. The study employed the ex post facto design using…

  17. Chaos or Coherence? Further Education and Training College Governance in Post-Apartheid South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wedekind, Volker

    2010-01-01

    This article frames the lived experiences of management and educators in further education and training (FET) colleges in South Africa, against the backdrop of the radical transformation in the governance of this sector over the past twenty years. The reforms are first described and analysed in terms of their integration and rationale for agency.…

  18. Correlate of Resource Utilization and Students' Learning Outcome in Colleges of Education in South West Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ibukun, W. O.; Akinfolarin, C. A.; Alimi, O. S.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated resource utilisation in vocational and technical education as a correlate of student learning outcome in selected colleges of education in south west Nigeria. The study examined the relationship between time, space and physical resource utilisation and perceived student learning outcome. The study used the descriptive…

  19. The Economic Value of Career Counseling Services for College Students in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Bo Young; Lee, Ji Hee; Kim, Areum; Kim, Boram; Cho, Daeyeon; Lee, Sang Min

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated college students' perception of the monetary value of career counseling services by using the contingent valuation method. The results of a multivariate survival analysis based on interviews with a convenience sample of 291 undergraduate students in South Korea indicate that, on average, participants' expressed willingness…

  20. A Robust Response of the Hadley Circulation to Global Warming

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lau, William K M.; Kim, Kyu-Myong

    2014-01-01

    Tropical rainfall is expected to increase in a warmer climate. Yet, recent studies have inferred that the Hadley Circulation (HC), which is primarily driven by latent heating from tropical rainfall, is weakened under global warming. Here, we show evidence of a robust intensification of the HC from analyses of 33 CMIP5 model projections under a scenario of 1 per year CO2 emission increase. The intensification is manifested in a deep-tropics squeeze, characterized by a pronounced increase in the zonal mean ascending motion in the mid and upper troposphere, a deepening and narrowing of the convective zone and enhanced rainfall in the deep tropics. These changes occur in conjunction with a rise in the region of maximum outflow of the HC, with accelerated meridional mass outflow in the uppermost branch of the HC away from the equator, coupled to a weakened inflow in the return branches of the HC in the lower troposphere.

  1. "Mythical Realities": College Students' Constructions of the South Pacific

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Carmen M.; Adinkrah, Mensah

    2007-01-01

    In 2002, the geographic knowledge of college-age students in the North was highlighted in a survey sponsored by the National Geographic Society. Students in the U.S. ranked second to last among those surveyed on questions assessing basic knowledge of world geography. That many young adults got "the facts" wrong about particular places…

  2. The Condition of College and Career Readiness, 2011: South Dakota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    Annually, ACT provides a snapshot of the college and career readiness of ACT-tested high school graduates. This report is offered as a service to inform policymakers and practitioners about selected indicators of effectiveness and how that translates into readiness. It is designed to stimulate discussion, inquiry, and action. This report for the…

  3. Supply and Demand for College Graduates in the South, 1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarty, Marilu H.; Galambos, Eva C.

    Data concerning job prospects and supply/demand figures for 1985 college graduates in the southern United States are presented in this booklet prepared by the Southern Regional Education Board. Supply is defined as the number of entrants into the job market, and demand as the number of job openings in that year. The data provide an update of…

  4. "Mythical Realities": College Students' Constructions of the South Pacific

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Carmen M.; Adinkrah, Mensah

    2007-01-01

    In 2002, the geographic knowledge of college-age students in the North was highlighted in a survey sponsored by the National Geographic Society. Students in the U.S. ranked second to last among those surveyed on questions assessing basic knowledge of world geography. That many young adults got "the facts" wrong about particular places…

  5. The Condition of College and Career Readiness, 2011: South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    Annually, ACT provides a snapshot of the college and career readiness of ACT-tested high school graduates. This report is offered as a service to inform policymakers and practitioners about selected indicators of effectiveness and how that translates into readiness. It is designed to stimulate discussion, inquiry, and action. This report for the…

  6. South Africa's Vocational Colleges Struggle to Do Their Job

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Ryan

    2012-01-01

    With youth unemployment in South Africa hovering around 50 percent and close to half the population living in poverty, a university degree has come to be seen by many as the only way out. And universities are straining under the burden: This admissions cycle, the University of Johannesburg alone rejected more than 70,000 applicants in filling an…

  7. South Africa's Vocational Colleges Struggle to Do Their Job

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Ryan

    2012-01-01

    With youth unemployment in South Africa hovering around 50 percent and close to half the population living in poverty, a university degree has come to be seen by many as the only way out. And universities are straining under the burden: This admissions cycle, the University of Johannesburg alone rejected more than 70,000 applicants in filling an…

  8. Planning for the impacts of Hadley cell expansion on water supply in Victoria, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Post, David; Timbal, Bertrand; Chiew, Francis; Hendon, Harry; Moran, Rae

    2013-04-01

    South-eastern Australia has recently experienced the worst drought of the instrumental record; the so-called Millennium drought (1997-2009). This drought was primarily a cool season phenomenon, with large reductions in rainfall observed during the Austral winter (April to October). This reduction in winter rainfall, combined with an absence of wet years and very wet months led to a reduction in streamflow across the region far greater than would be anticipated based on the 12 percent reduction in mean annual rainfall alone. These conditions have proven particularly challenging for water management and planning processes. Our research has linked the extent, duration and severity of this drought to the ongoing observed expansion of the Southern Hemisphere Hadley cell of 0.5 degrees per decade. This expansion has intensified the sub-tropical ridge over southern Australia, pushing cool season mid-latitude storm tracks further south, leading to a reduction in winter rainfall over the region. Modelling has shown that the expansion of the Hadley cell can only be reproduced if anthropogenic influences (greenhouse gases, aerosols and stratospheric ozone) are included in the models, thus providing evidence that the Millennium drought was at least partly attributable to climate change. Climate model projections also indicate that the expansion of the Hadley Cell is likely to continue. This means that the traditional winter "filling season" for water supply systems in Victoria may be less reliable in the future. However, in the light of the expansion of tropical influences, the cool season rainfall deficit may be offset to some extent by increased rainfall in the warmer months of the year. Given that the Millennium drought has been shown to be at least partly attributable to climate change and the considerable uncertainties associated with projected future changes, water planning and management processes in Victoria have been modified to be more robust, adaptive and flexible

  9. Agreement between South County Community College District and Chabot College Teachers Association/C.T.A./N.E.A. for Certificated Personnel, July 1, 1987-June 30, 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South County Community Coll. District, Hayward, CA.

    The collective bargaining agreement between the South County Community College District Board of Trustees and the Chabot College Teachers Association/California Teachers Association/National Education Association, is presented. This contract, covering the period from July 1987 through June 1990, deals with the following topics: bargaining agent…

  10. Changes in intensity of the regional Hadley cell in Indian Ocean and its impacts on surrounding regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, Ana Carolina Vasques; Aímola, Luis; Ambrizzi, Tércio; de Oliveira, Cristiano Prestrelo

    2017-06-01

    The impacts of changes in the intensity of the regional Hadley Cell (HC) in the Indian Ocean (HCIO) on its surrounding regions are investigated during the period 1979-2013. A strengthening of the HCIO and the Indian monsoon (IM) is found during austral winter (JJA) and spring (SON) seasons. This is associated with the sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the Pacific and Indian Ocean. A La Niña signal started to form in JJA over the equatorial Pacific region, and in SON, it was completely developed. Significant positive SST anomalies are seen over the western Pacific and western Indian Ocean around 10°S in JJA, associated with positive temperature anomalies in the south of China, in the north of the Maritime Continent, and in the southeastern coast of Africa. In SON, they are observed over the western Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean around the equator, associated with positive temperature anomalies observed on a great part of the Maritime Continent and southeastern Atlantic Ocean. Positive rainfall anomalies are seen mainly over the south of India, south of China, Maritime Continent, and eastern coast of Australia. In SON, the connection monsoon-ENSO-Hadley is stronger, because of a series of positive feedbacks that reinforce the initial connection. SST gradients explain much of the variability in the intensity of the HCIO and, especially, of the IM. However, other factors also seem to come into play in determining the changes of the HCIO intensity, whereas the SST changes have a dominant influence on the IM.

  11. Changes in intensity of the regional Hadley cell in Indian Ocean and its impacts on surrounding regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, Ana Carolina Vasques; Aímola, Luis; Ambrizzi, Tércio; de Oliveira, Cristiano Prestrelo

    2016-09-01

    The impacts of changes in the intensity of the regional Hadley Cell (HC) in the Indian Ocean (HCIO) on its surrounding regions are investigated during the period 1979-2013. A strengthening of the HCIO and the Indian monsoon (IM) is found during austral winter (JJA) and spring (SON) seasons. This is associated with the sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the Pacific and Indian Ocean. A La Niña signal started to form in JJA over the equatorial Pacific region, and in SON, it was completely developed. Significant positive SST anomalies are seen over the western Pacific and western Indian Ocean around 10°S in JJA, associated with positive temperature anomalies in the south of China, in the north of the Maritime Continent, and in the southeastern coast of Africa. In SON, they are observed over the western Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean around the equator, associated with positive temperature anomalies observed on a great part of the Maritime Continent and southeastern Atlantic Ocean. Positive rainfall anomalies are seen mainly over the south of India, south of China, Maritime Continent, and eastern coast of Australia. In SON, the connection monsoon-ENSO-Hadley is stronger, because of a series of positive feedbacks that reinforce the initial connection. SST gradients explain much of the variability in the intensity of the HCIO and, especially, of the IM. However, other factors also seem to come into play in determining the changes of the HCIO intensity, whereas the SST changes have a dominant influence on the IM.

  12. Evaluation of a Simple Theoretical Expression for Hadley Cell Width

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rees, K.; Garrett, T. J.; Reichler, T.; Staten, P. W.

    2016-12-01

    The latitudinal width of Earth's Hadley cell has a simple expression that is a function of the planetary radius, and the atmosphere's angular velocity, stability, and depth: the cell width varies as the square root of the Brunt-Vaisala frequency and the tropospheric depth such that a deep, stable atmosphere extends further poleward. There are multiple avenues to this expression based on either the dynamics (Schneider (1977); Held (2000)) or the statistical mechanics (Garrett et al (2016)) of the cell. Here, we contrast these approaches and test the expression for application to other planetary bodies within the solar system. In general, we find the expression accounts for the wide range of cell widths, ranging from very narrow (Jupiter) to very wide (Titan). However, there is a choice of atmospheric depth to be considered in the calculation, and we find that the effective depth that leads to best agreement with observed cell widths is closest to the tropospheric density scale height rather than the depth of the troposphere itself, as has commonly been assumed. There remain significant discrepancies that require explanation, however. For example, the effective depth for Earth is 11.3 km rather than 8.5 km and Uranus has an effective depth of 20 km compared to its tropospheric scale height of 27.7 km. We discuss possible explanations for these differences.

  13. Artist's concept of Hadley-Apennine landing site with alternate traverses

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1971-06-01

    S71-33432 (1 July 1971) --- These alternative traverses can be carried out on foot. They will be used if the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) becomes inoperative. This artist's concept showing part of the Hadley Rille and several of the Apennine Mountains was excerpted from "On the Moon with Apollo 15: A Guidebook to the Hadley-Apennine Region," by Gene Simmons. Artwork by Jerry Elmore.

  14. Transforming Further Education and Training in South Africa: A Case Study of Technical Colleges in KwaZulu-Natal. Volume One: Qualitative Findings and Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraak, Andre; Hall, Graham

    This book contains eight papers from a detailed study of technical college provision in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, that raised the following four issues relevant to the transformation of technical colleges across South Africa: (1) the teaching and learning environment at technical colleges is suboptimal; (2) social relations at the technical…

  15. Guiding Math Students to Campus Services: An Impact Evaluation of the Beacon Program at South Texas College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Visher, Mary; Butcher, Kristin F.; Cerna, Oscar S.

    2011-01-01

    This research rigorously evaluates whether a low-cost intervention can improve students' performance in developmental math. The "Beacon Mentoring Program" was developed at South Texas College by professors, administrators, and staff at the college. Surveys of students revealed that many did not have someone on campus whom they felt they…

  16. Hadley cell dynamics of a cold and virtually dry Snowball Earth atmosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voigt, Aiko; Held, Isaac; Marotzke, Jochem

    2010-05-01

    We use the full-physics atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM5 to investigate a cold and virtually dry Snowball Earth atmosphere that results from specifying sea ice as the surface boundary condition everywhere, corresponding to a frozen aquaplanet, while keeping total solar irradiance at its present-day value of 1365 Wm-2. The aim of this study is the investigation of the zonal-mean circulation of a Snowball Earth atmosphere, which, due to missing moisture, might constitute an ideal though yet unexplored testbed for theories of atmospheric dynamics. To ease comparison with theories, incoming solar insolation follows permanent equinox conditions with disabled diurnal cycle. The meridional circulation consists of a thermally direct cell extending from the equator to 45 N/S with ascent in the equatorial region, and a weak thermally indirect cell with descent between 45 and 65 N/S and ascent in the polar region. The former cell corresponds to the present-day Earth's Hadley cell, while the latter can be viewed as an eddy-driven Ferrell cell; the present-day Earth's direct polar cell is missing. The Hadley cell itself is subdivided into a vigorous cell confined to the troposphere and a weak deep cell reaching well into the stratosphere. The dynamics of the vigorous Snowball Earth Hadley cell differ substantially from the dynamics of the present-day Hadley cell. The zonal momentum balance shows that in the poleward branch of the vigorous Hadley cell, mean flow meridional advection of absolute vorticity is not only balanced by eddy momentum flux convergence but also by vertical diffusion. Inside the poleward branch, eddies are more important in the upper part and vertical diffusion is more important in the lower part. Vertical diffusion also contributes to the meridional momentum balance as it decelerates the vigorous Hadley cell by downgradient momentum mixing between its poleward and equatorward branch. Zonal winds, therefore, are not in thermal wind balance in

  17. Variability of the extent of the Hadley circulation in the southern hemisphere: a regional perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nguyen, H.; Hendon, H. H.; Lim, E.-P.; Boschat, G.; Maloney, E.; Timbal, B.

    2017-03-01

    In order to understand the regional impacts of variations in the extent of the Hadley circulation in the Southern Hemisphere, regional Hadley circulations are defined in three sectors centered on the main tropical heat sources over Africa, Asia-Pacific (Maritime Continent) and the Americas. These regional circulations are defined by computing a streamfunction from the divergent component of the meridional wind. A major finding from this study is that year-to-year variability in the extent of the hemispheric Hadley circulation in the Southern Hemisphere is primarily governed by variations of the extent of the Hadley circulation in the Asia-Pacific sector, especially during austral spring and summer when there is little co-variability with the African sector, and the American sector exhibits an out of phase behavior. An expanded Hadley circulation in the Southern Hemisphere (both hemispherically and in the Asia-Pacific sector) is associated with La Niña conditions and a poleward expansion of the tropical wet zone in the Asia-Pacific sector. While La Niña also promotes expansion in the American and African sectors during austral winter, these tropical conditions tend to promote contraction in the two sectors during austral summer as a result of compensating convergence over the Americas and Africa sectors: a process driven by variations in the Walker circulation and Rossby wave trains emanating from the tropical Indian Ocean.

  18. The effect of the Hadley circulation on the meridional propagation of stationary waves

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Watterson, Ian G.; Schneider, Edwin K.

    1987-01-01

    The effect of the Hadley circulation on the meridional propagation of stationary planetary waves was investigated using a multilevel linearized steady primitive equation model with an idealized meridional circulation. It was found that a mean meridional circulation in the basic state can change the response of a multilevel model, especially to forcing in the tropics. The idealized model version was altered in several ways and was run with realistic zonal mean conditions of January and July for a variety of forcings, including topographic forcing and idealized tropical heating. In this model, the Hadley circulation changes the response to earth topographic forcing in the subtropics. The inclusion of the Hadley circulation allows interhemispheric connections in the stationary response to tropical forcing comparable to those that observations suggest are forced by the Asian monsoon in July and the anomalous upper-tropospheric divergence during the El Nino in January.

  19. Midlatitude Cloud Shifts, Their Primary Link to the Hadley Cell, and Their Diverse Radiative Effects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tselioudis, George; Lipat, Bernard R.; Konsta, Dimitra; Grise, Kevin M.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the interannual relationship among clouds, their radiative effects, and two key indices of the atmospheric circulation: the latitudinal positions of the Hadley cell edge and the midlatitude jet. From reanalysis data and satellite observations, we find a clear and consistent relationship between the width of the Hadley cell and the high cloud field, statistically significant in nearly all regions and seasons. In contrast, shifts of the midlatitude jet correlate significantly with high cloud shifts only in the North Atlantic region during the winter season. While in that region and season poleward high cloud shifts are associated with shortwave radiative warming, over the Southern Oceans during all seasons they are associated with shortwave radiative cooling. Finally, a trend analysis reveals that poleward high cloud shifts observed over the 1983-2009 period are more likely related to Hadley cell expansion, rather than poleward shifts of the midlatitude jets.

  20. Midlatitude cloud shifts, their primary link to the Hadley cell, and their diverse radiative effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tselioudis, George; Lipat, Bernard R.; Konsta, Dimitra; Grise, Kevin M.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.

    2016-05-01

    We investigate the interannual relationship among clouds, their radiative effects, and two key indices of the atmospheric circulation: the latitudinal positions of the Hadley cell edge and the midlatitude jet. From reanalysis data and satellite observations, we find a clear and consistent relationship between the width of the Hadley cell and the high cloud field, statistically significant in nearly all regions and seasons. In contrast, shifts of the midlatitude jet correlate significantly with high cloud shifts only in the North Atlantic region during the winter season. While in that region and season poleward high cloud shifts are associated with shortwave radiative warming, over the Southern Oceans during all seasons they are associated with shortwave radiative cooling. Finally, a trend analysis reveals that poleward high cloud shifts observed over the 1983-2009 period are more likely related to Hadley cell expansion, rather than poleward shifts of the midlatitude jets.

  1. View of Hadley Delta from top hatch of Apollo 15 Lunar Module after landing

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1971-07-31

    AS15-87-11748 (31 July 1971) --- A view of Hadley Delta, looking southeasterly, as photographed from the top hatch of the Apollo 15 Lunar Module (LM) by astronaut David R. Scott, commander, during his stand-up extravehicular activity (EVA) just after the LM "Falcon" touched down at the Hadley-Apennine landing site. The prominent feature on the horizon in the center of the picture was called Silver Spur by the Apollo 15 crew men. Hadley Delta Mountain rises approximately 4,000 meters (about 13,124 feet) above the plain. While astronauts Scott and James B. Irwin, lunar module pilot, descended in the LM to explore the moon, astronaut Alfred M. Worden, command module pilot, remained with the Command and Service Module's (CSM) in lunar orbit.

  2. Midlatitude Cloud Shifts, Their Primary Link to the Hadley Cell, and Their Diverse Radiative Effects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tselioudis, George; Lipat, Bernard R.; Konsta, Dimitra; Grise, Kevin M.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the interannual relationship among clouds, their radiative effects, and two key indices of the atmospheric circulation: the latitudinal positions of the Hadley cell edge and the midlatitude jet. From reanalysis data and satellite observations, we find a clear and consistent relationship between the width of the Hadley cell and the high cloud field, statistically significant in nearly all regions and seasons. In contrast, shifts of the midlatitude jet correlate significantly with high cloud shifts only in the North Atlantic region during the winter season. While in that region and season poleward high cloud shifts are associated with shortwave radiative warming, over the Southern Oceans during all seasons they are associated with shortwave radiative cooling. Finally, a trend analysis reveals that poleward high cloud shifts observed over the 1983-2009 period are more likely related to Hadley cell expansion, rather than poleward shifts of the midlatitude jets.

  3. Telephoto lens view of Silver Spur in the Hadley Delta region from Apollo 15

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1971-07-31

    AS15-84-11250 (31 July-2 Aug. 1971) --- A telephoto lens view of the prominent feature called Silver Spur in the Hadley Delta region, photographed during the Apollo 15 lunar surface extravehicular activity (EVA) at the Hadley-Apennine landing site. The distance from the camera to the spur is about 10 miles. The field of view across the bottom is about one mile. Structural formations in the mountain are clearly visible. There are two major units. The upper unit is characterized by massive subunits, each one of which is approximately 200 feet deep. The lower major unit is characterized by thinner bedding and cross bedding.

  4. Artist's concept of Hadley-Apennine landing site with LRV traverses outlined

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1971-06-01

    S71-33433 (1 July 1971) --- An artist's concept of the Hadley-Apennine landing site, depicting the traverses planned on the Apollo 15 lunar landing mission using the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV). The Roman numerals indicate the three periods of extravehicular activity (EVA). The Arabic numbers represent the station stops. This artist's concept was excerpted from "On the Moon with Apollo 15: A Guidebook to Hadley Rille and the Apennine Mountains," by Gene Simmons. The station stops indicated here are keyed to information given in the publication. Artwork by Jerry Elmore.

  5. Steps toward Transformation: One College's Achieving the Dream Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Dawna; Bower, Beverly L.

    2016-01-01

    Tarrant County College's Achieving the Dream transformation has not only changed the college but all who engaged in the initiative. In four years, through ATD TCC became a college with one purpose, one goal, and one focus--student success through data informed decision making. From TCC Chancellor Dr. Erma Johnson Hadley to campus administrators,…

  6. Steps toward Transformation: One College's Achieving the Dream Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Dawna; Bower, Beverly L.

    2016-01-01

    Tarrant County College's Achieving the Dream transformation has not only changed the college but all who engaged in the initiative. In four years, through ATD TCC became a college with one purpose, one goal, and one focus--student success through data informed decision making. From TCC Chancellor Dr. Erma Johnson Hadley to campus administrators,…

  7. Spanning the Pacific Ocean through Voice-Over Internet Protocol Chat with the Hadley School for the Blind--China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilson, Christie L.; Rongqiang, Xia

    2007-01-01

    Founded in 1920, the Hadley School for the Blind is known worldwide for its tuition-free distance-education courses for people who are visually impaired. Hadley's main school in the United States serves more than 9,000 students, and the overseas school in the People's Republic of China provides vital educational services to more than 1,000 Chinese…

  8. Pre-matriculation program at the University of South Florida College of Medicine.

    PubMed

    Williams, M T

    1999-04-01

    Underrepresented-minority (URM) students at the University of South Florida College of Medicine increased from 4.9% to 10.5% of the total student body from 1991 to 1997. During that period it became clear that some majority and minority students had serious academic difficulties with the first-year curriculum and that a higher proportion of the minority matriculants had difficulties. In response, the college in 1997 created the Summer Pre-matriculation Program to reduce the number of first-year students who had academic difficulty. In the summer before they matriculate in the college, the students complete a six-week program of lectures, small-group discussions, compute-aided instruction, and laboratory instruction in biochemistry, human embryology, and gross anatomy. URM students, non-science majors, and students who have been away from the academic environment (e.g., pursuing medicine as a second career) are given priority for the 20 positions available each year. At the end of the first cohort's first medical school year, the academic performances of program participants and other students were compared, and it was clear that the program participants had performed as well as or slightly better than their counterparts in gross anatomy, biochemistry, and human embryology. Further, the program participants performed at or above the class average in medical school courses for which they had not had targeted instruction during the program. The College of Medicine is committed to diversifying its student body and realizes that diverse students bring varying levels of academic preparation as well as diversity in cultural and academic backgrounds. Concerted efforts such as the pre-matriculation program may be required to normalize the "playing field" at the very outset of medical school and to ensure that every matriculant has an equal opportunity to succeed.

  9. Language Anxiety from the Foreign Language Specialist's Perspective: Interviews with Krashen, Omaggio Hadley, Terrell and Rardin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Dolly J.

    The responses of four scholars in the field of second language education to questions about language anxiety in second language learners are presented. The four respondents were Stephen Krashen, Alice Omaggio Hadley, Tracy Terrell, and Jennybelle Rardin. The formats of the interviews included telephone interviews on questions presented beforehand,…

  10. Artist's concept of Hadley-Apennine landing site with LRV traverses outlined

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1971-01-01

    An artist's concept of the Hadley-Apennine landing site, depicting the traverses planned on the Apollo 15 lunar landing mission using the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV). The Roman numerals indicate the three periods of extravehicular activity (EVA). The Arabic numbers represent the station stops. Art work by Jerry Elmore.

  11. Supercritical Hadley circulation within a layer of fluid saturated porous medium: Bifurcation to traveling wave

    SciTech Connect

    Manole, D.M.; Lage, J.L.; Antohe, B.V.

    1995-12-31

    Hadley circulation induced by horizontal and vertical temperature gradients imposed on a fluid saturated porous medium layer is simulated numerically. The flow is assumed to be longitudinal, that is the secondary flow is composed of cells with axes transverse to the direction of the Hadley circulation. Critical (bifurcation) states predicted theoretically via linear stability analysis are verified by the numerical results giving confidence on the accuracy of the method. Several values of horizontal Rayleigh number, Ra{sub h}, and vertical Rayleigh number, Ra{sub v}, are studied. Results indicate that beyond a threshold horizontal Rayleigh number value the flow and temperature fields evolve from subcritical Hadley circulation to a supercritical time periodic flow. The secondary flow emerges in the form of a traveling wave aligned with the main (Hadley) flow direction. This traveling wave is characterized, at supercritical low vertical Rayleigh numbers, by the continuous drifting of two horizontal layers of flow cells that move in opposite directions. As the vertical Rayleigh number increases, the traveling wave becomes characterized by a unique layer of cells drifting in the direction opposite to the applied horizontal temperature gradient. Numerical animation unravels the main features of the transport process. This simplified model is of fundamental and practical importance, for instance, to the study of geothermal activities, underground transport of pollutants, paper processing, crystal growth, building insulation, and gas reservoirs.

  12. Variability and trends of the meridional energy transports and implications for the Hadley circulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boschat, Ghyslaine; Simmonds, Ian

    2016-04-01

    The atmosphere and the ocean play a critical role in the Earth energy balance by transporting heat from the equator to the poles. In the atmosphere, this net meridional energy transport is the sum of many atmospheric processes on very different scales in space and time: in the tropics most of the energy is transported poleward by the Hadley circulation, whereas eddies become the principal agency of heat transport in higher latitudes. However these synoptic systems are also believed to interact in a quite complex manner with the Hadley circulation. The aim of this study is to perform a detailed and updated analysis of the meridional heat transports by the atmosphere and determine the relative role of the Hadley circulation and eddy activity in this energy redistribution. Using 6 hourly ERA-Interim data from 1979 to 2014, we examine the spatial contrasts in the transport of sensible heat, latent heat and potential energy components, and diagnose how these may have been changing on seasonal to inter-annual timescales. These contributions are further partitioned into mean circulations and (stationary and transient) eddies' activities, to explore the complementary variations occurring between baroclinic synoptic systems and mean tropical cells. Finally, this "unifying conceptual framework" provides new insights into the variability and trends of the Hadley circulation, which help us better understand the factors controlling the behavior of the cell both in the present climate and under a global warming scenario.

  13. The influence of Hadley circulation intensity changes on extratropical climate in an idealized model

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, E.K.M.

    1995-06-01

    Experiments have been performed using a simple global model with idealized physics and zonally symmetrical forcings to investigate the influence of Hadley circulation intensity changes on extratropical climate. The heating within the Tropics is latitudinally concentrated, while the heating in the extratropics is kept unchanged. This leads to an increase in the intensity of the Hadley circulation. As found earlier by Hou, along with the increase in the intensity of the Hadley circulation, there is a statistically significant temperature increase in the winter high latitudes. Zonal-mean diagnostics have been performed in order to identify the link between the changes in the Tropics and the extratropics. Detailed diagnostics of the heat budget shows that warming in the winter high latitudes is induced by changes in the mean meridional circulation, over the opposing cooling effects caused by changes in the eddy heat fluxes. Such a change is consistent with an equatorward shift of the jet stream and its associated heating pattern. It is suggested that the equatorward shift in jet position is caused by an increase in westerly acceleration within the Tropics associated with the enhancement in the intensity of the Hadley circulation. Limitations of the model are also discussed. 28 refs., 16 figs.

  14. Astronaut David Scott on slope of Hadley Delta during Apollo 15 EVA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1971-01-01

    Astronaut David R. Scott, mission commander, performs a task at the Lunar Roving Vehicle parked on the edge of Hadley Rille during the first Apollo 15 lunar surface extravehicular activity (EVA-1). This photograph was taken by Astronaut James B. Irwin, lunar module pilot, from the flank of St. George Crater. The view is looking north along the rille.

  15. Drastic Shrinking of the Hadley circulation in the Mid-Cretaceous Supergreenhouse

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hasegawa, H.; Tada, R.; Jiang, X.; Suganuma, Y.; Imsamut, S.; Charusiri, P.; Ichinnorov, N.; Khand, Y.

    2008-12-01

    Understanding the behaviour of the global climate system during extremely warm periods is one of the major targets of paleoclimatology. Paleo-SST proxy data demonstrate that the equator-to-pole temperature gradient was much lower than the present during the mid-Cretaceous "gsupergreenhouse"h period, implying larger meridional heat transport either by atmospheric and/or oceanic circulation. However, reconstruction of the atmospheric circulation during the Cretaceous has been hampered by the lack of appropriate data sets with reliable proxies. Desert distribution directly reflects the position of subtropical high pressure belt, and prevailing surface wind pattern preserved in the desert deposits gives the information on the exact position of its divergent axis that marks the poleward flank of the Hadley circulation. We reconstruct temporal changes in latitude of the subtropical high pressure belt and its divergent axis during the Cretaceous based on the spatio-temporal changes in latitudinal distribution of deserts and prevailing surface wind patterns recorded in the Asian interior (Gobi basin of Mongolia; Ordos, Subei, Jianguan, Sichuan, Simao basins of China; Khorat basin of Thailand). The results reveal poleward shift of the subtropical high pressure belt during the early and late Cretaceous periods, suggesting poleward expansion of Hadley circulation, whereas equatorward shift of such belt during the mid-Cretaceous "gsupergreenhouse"h period, suggesting drastic shrinking of the Hadley circulation. These results in conjunction with recent observations suggest that the Hadley circulation gradually expands poleward in response to the increase in global temperatures and atmospheric pCO2, and when global temperatures and atmospheric pCO2 exceed a certain threshold, the Hadley circulation shrinks drastically.

  16. A Cross-Cultural Comparison of College Students' Learning Strategies for Academic Achievement between South Korea and the USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hye-Jung; Lee, Jihyun; Makara, Kara A.; Fishman, Barry J.; Teasley, Stephanie D.

    2017-01-01

    This study explores how the relationship between college students' learning strategies and their grade point average (GPA) differs across two culturally different institutions. Surveys of 621 students at a South Korean university and 824 students at a university in the USA were used to assess four types of learning strategies: motivation-related,…

  17. Faculty and Student Perceptions Regarding Delivery of Online Courses in the Early Childhood Department of Select South Carolina Technical Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Earlene

    2009-01-01

    The South Carolina Technical College System serves a diverse population of students who sometimes find it difficult to gain an education in the traditional format, such as attending scheduled classes as a full-time student. The purpose of this study was to investigate both faculty and student perceptions toward online learning, online teaching,…

  18. On the Edge of the New Millennium: The Learning Center. South Plains College 1998-99 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Platt, Gail M.

    This report provides an overview of the Learning Center at South Plains College (Texas) during the 1998-99 academic year. Since its inception in 1980, the Learning Center has offered developmental courses, collegiate instruction in reading and human development, peer-tutoring, computer-aided instruction, independent-study opportunities, workshops…

  19. Recognition of Prior Learning as "Radical Pedagogy": A Case Study of the Workers' College in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bofelo, Mphutlane; Shah, Anitha; Moodley, Kessie; Cooper, Linda; Jones, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that the model of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) in use at the Workers' College in South Africa may be seen as a form of "radical pedagogy." Drawing on documentary sources, focus group interviews with staff, and observations, it describes an educational philosophy which aims to build the competencies of activists…

  20. A Cross-Cultural Comparison of College Students' Learning Strategies for Academic Achievement between South Korea and the USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hye-Jung; Lee, Jihyun; Makara, Kara A.; Fishman, Barry J.; Teasley, Stephanie D.

    2017-01-01

    This study explores how the relationship between college students' learning strategies and their grade point average (GPA) differs across two culturally different institutions. Surveys of 621 students at a South Korean university and 824 students at a university in the USA were used to assess four types of learning strategies: motivation-related,…

  1. Student Retention and First-Year Programs: A Comparison of Students in Liberal Arts Colleges in the Mountain South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Jeff S.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the retention rate and 9 first-year student programs at Liberal Arts Colleges in the Mountain South, a region in the southern Appalachian Mountains of the United States. Nine first-year programs were studied: Summer Bridge Programs, Preterm Orientation, Outdoor Adventure Orientation,…

  2. Student Retention and First-Year Programs: A Comparison of Students in Liberal Arts Colleges in the Mountain South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Jeff S.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the retention rate and 9 first-year student programs at Liberal Arts Colleges in the Mountain South, a region in the southern Appalachian Mountains of the United States. Nine first-year programs were studied: Summer Bridge Programs, Preterm Orientation, Outdoor Adventure Orientation,…

  3. Recognition of Prior Learning as "Radical Pedagogy": A Case Study of the Workers' College in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bofelo, Mphutlane; Shah, Anitha; Moodley, Kessie; Cooper, Linda; Jones, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that the model of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) in use at the Workers' College in South Africa may be seen as a form of "radical pedagogy." Drawing on documentary sources, focus group interviews with staff, and observations, it describes an educational philosophy which aims to build the competencies of activists…

  4. The South Carolina Plan for Equity and Equal Opportunity in the Public Colleges and Universities as Approved by the U.S. Department of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, Columbia.

    The South Carolina Plan for further desegregating its public colleges and universities, as approved by the U.S. Department of Education, is presented. In addition, South Carolina's response to the Office of Civil Rights on the South Carolina Plan is included. The following areas are addressed: the state's position as to the equity and equal…

  5. The formation of Hadley Rille and implications for the geology of the Apollo 15 region

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spudis, Paul D.; Swann, Gordon A.; Greeley, Ronald

    1988-01-01

    The results of studies of terrestrial lava tube systems and the regional and detailed site geology of the Apollo 15 area have been combined to develop a model for the formation of Hadley Rille. The regional geology of the Apennine bench formation and its relation to Mozart and Hadley Rilles is discussed. It is shown that the total thickness of mare basalt at the Apollo landing site is on the order of a few tens of meters, mostly less than 50 m. It is suggested that the role of thermal erosion in the development of sinuous rilles on the moon may be less important than previously assumed and that the assimilation of refractory highland rock types into mare basaltic magma is a minor lunar process.

  6. View of Commemorative plaque left on moon at Hadley-Apennine landing site

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1971-01-01

    A close-up view of a commemorative plaque left on the Moon at the Hadley-Apennine landing site in memory of 14 NASA astronauts and USSR cosmonauts, now deceased. Their names are inscribed in alphabetical order on the plaque. The plaque was stuck in the lunar soil by Astronauts David R. Scott and James B. Irwin during their Apollo 15 lunar surface extravehicular activity. The tin, man-like object represents the figure of a fallen astronaut/cosmonaut.

  7. View of Commemorative plaque left on moon at Hadley-Apennine landing site

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1971-01-01

    A close-up view of a commemorative plaque left on the Moon at the Hadley-Apennine landing site in memory of 14 NASA astronauts and USSR cosmonauts, now deceased. Their names are inscribed in alphabetical order on the plaque. The plaque was stuck in the lunar soil by Astronauts David R. Scott and James B. Irwin during their Apollo 15 lunar surface extravehicular activity. The tin, man-like object represents the figure of a fallen astronaut/cosmonaut.

  8. An Analysis of Economic Variables Affecting Enrollments in the South Carolina Technical College System and Virginia Community College System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivers, Hope Epps

    2010-01-01

    The idea that high unemployment rates give rise to higher enrollments for community colleges is widely accepted (Sundberg, 1998). However, according to Betts and McFarland (1995), not much is known empirically about the role that economic factors play in determining two-year college enrollment. Only a few states have included cyclical variables in…

  9. Community Colleges in the South: Strengthening Readiness and Pathways. The Report of the SREB Community College Commission

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanco, Cheryl; Spence, Dave

    2015-01-01

    Community colleges are vital to the states and the nation. The importance of community colleges as providers of postsecondary education and training is well documented. Fulfilling both economic and social roles, these institutions have successfully created new markets and empowered new populations through educational opportunity. This report…

  10. An Analysis of Economic Variables Affecting Enrollments in the South Carolina Technical College System and Virginia Community College System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivers, Hope Epps

    2010-01-01

    The idea that high unemployment rates give rise to higher enrollments for community colleges is widely accepted (Sundberg, 1998). However, according to Betts and McFarland (1995), not much is known empirically about the role that economic factors play in determining two-year college enrollment. Only a few states have included cyclical variables in…

  11. CMIP5 simulated change in the intensity of the Hadley and Walker circulations from the perspective of velocity potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Botao; Shi, Ying; Xu, Ying

    2016-07-01

    Based on the simulations of 31 global models in CMIP5, the performance of the models in simulating the Hadley and Walker circulations is evaluated. In addition, their change in intensity by the end of the 21st century (2080-2099) under the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios, relative to 1986-2005, is analyzed from the perspective of 200 hPa velocity potential. Validation shows good performance of the individual CMIP5 models and the multi-model ensemble mean (MME) in reproducing the meridional (zonal) structure and magnitude of Hadley (Walker) circulation. The MME can also capture the observed strengthening tendency of the winter Hadley circulation and weakening tendency of the Walker circulation. Such secular trends can be simulated by 39% and 74% of the models, respectively. The MME projection indicates that the winter Hadley circulation and the Walker circulation will weaken under both scenarios by the end of the 21st century. The weakening amplitude is larger under RCP8.5 than RCP4.5, due to stronger external forcing. The majority of the CMIP5 models show the same projection as the MME. However, for the summer Hadley circulation, the MME shows little change under RCP4.5 and large intermodel spread is apparent. Around half of the models project an increase, and the other half project a decrease. Under the RCP8.5 scenario, the MME and 65% of the models project a weakening of the summer southern Hadley circulation.

  12. Perceptions of South African Emerging Adult FET College Students on Sexual Practices in Relation to Religion.

    PubMed

    Moodley, Colleen Gail

    2016-10-11

    HIV and AIDS are rapidly spreading amongst the world's 15- to 24-year age group, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite vigorous government interventions and campaigns, 10 % of South African youth in the age cohort 15-24 are infected with HIV and AIDS. Furthermore, for the first time in history the world has its largest number of individuals under the age of 30 years. Researchers are desperately seeking a solution and have found religion to play an important role in moderating risky sexual behaviour amongst youth. This exploratory qualitative study aims to increase our understanding of emerging adult Further Education and Training (FET) students' perceptions of the role of religion and religious beliefs in their sexual decision-making and practices. The qualitative data emerged from five focus group discussions, each consisting of 12 heterosexual emerging adult FET college students aged 18-24 years, selected using random sampling. Participants were representative of all the major South African racial groups (Blacks, Whites, Coloured and Indians) as well as different religious and cultural groupings. Secularisation theory was used as a theoretical framework for this study. These focus group discussions revealed the following themes: Theme 1-religious institutions need to embrace change in order to become effective social agents of change. Theme 2-a need for open discussion and communication concerning current issues related to young people's sexual health (by religious institutions/religious leaders). Theme 3-perceptions of religion's negative sanctions towards sexual behaviour. Theme 4-religious leaders' indifference and abdication of responsibility to the problems that youth face. Theme 5-religion and condom-related beliefs. Theme 6-perceptions of religious leaders as role models. Theme 7-emerging adults general concern for the moral decay of society. Theme 8-perceptions of whether religion has an influence on young people's sexual decision-making and

  13. We're Different Because We're Scholars": A Case Study of a College Access Program in South Los Angeles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zarate, Lizette

    2013-01-01

    This work is a case study focused on the practices of a comprehensive college access program that serves students in south Los Angeles that has maintained a high school graduation rate of 100% and a college matriculation rate of 98% since 1997. This study sought to utilize the voice and experience of students of color to discern the factors that…

  14. Tenured and Non-Tenured College of Education Faculty Motivators and Barriers in Grant Writing: A Public University in the South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walden, Patrick R.; Bryan, Valerie C.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to identify College of Education (COE) faculty members' perceptions of motivators and barriers to grant writing at a public university in the South, to compare the university's COE faculty perceptions to previously published survey results of Colleges of Education at Research I institutions, and to compare…

  15. Clinical Influences on Nurse-Academics' Instructional Planning Decisions in the Implementation of Basic Nursing Curricula in Colleges of Advanced Education in New South Wales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Kathryn L.

    A study examined the clinical influences on the instructional planning decisions made by registered nurses who are lecturers in basic nursing at colleges of advanced education (CAEs) in New South Wales, Australia. Data were collected from a questionnaire that was completed by 98 nurse-academics from 12 of New South Wales' 15 CAEs offering basic…

  16. Institutional Influences on Nurse-Academics' Instructional Planning Decisions in the Implementation of Basic Nursing Curricula in Colleges of Advanced Education in New South Wales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Kathryn L.

    A study examined institutional influences on the instructional planning decisions of nurse-academics presenting basic nursing curricula in colleges of advanced education (CAEs) in New South Wales. Data were collected from the following sources: survey of 86 selected nurse-academics from 12 of New South Wales' 15 tertiary institutions running basic…

  17. Radical Education in the Rural South: Commonwealth College, 1922-1940.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobb, William H.

    Commonwealth College was the longest lived and most notorious of the resident labor colleges operating during the 1920s-30s. Founded in 1923 at NewLlano Cooperative Colony in Louisiana, the school was modeled on the self-maintenance characteristics of an abortive pre-war experiment in social education: Ruskin College. Disputes over priorities with…

  18. Current Operating Costs of Two-Year Colleges in the South.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Eldridge E.

    This analysis of current expenditures of 127 accredited public and private 2-year colleges in 11 southern states is intended to provide data for comparison of expenditures by private and public colleges, to show administrators where spending differs among the colleges, and to provide objective data for them to judge the efficiency of their own…

  19. Radical Education in the Rural South: Commonwealth College, 1922-1940.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobb, William H.

    Commonwealth College was the longest lived and most notorious of the resident labor colleges operating during the 1920s-30s. Founded in 1923 at NewLlano Cooperative Colony in Louisiana, the school was modeled on the self-maintenance characteristics of an abortive pre-war experiment in social education: Ruskin College. Disputes over priorities with…

  20. Climate Variability over India and Bangladesh from the Perturbed UK Met Office Hadley Model: Impacts on Flow and Nutrient Fluxes in the Ganges Delta System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitehead, P. G.; Caesar, J.; Crossman, J.; Barbour, E.; Ledesma, J.; Futter, M. N.

    2015-12-01

    A semi-distributed flow and water quality model (INCA- Integrated Catchments Model) has been set up for the whole of the Ganges- Brahmaputra- Meghna (GBM) River system in India and Bangladesh. These massive rivers transport large fluxes of water and nutrients into the Bay of Bengal via the GBM Delta system in Bangladesh. Future climate change will impact these fluxes with changing rainfall, temperature, evapotranspiration and soil moisture deficits being altered in the catchment systems. In this study the INCA model has been used to assess potential impacts of climate change using the UK Met Office Hadley Centre GCM model linked to a regionally coupled model of South East Asia, covering India and Bangladesh. The Hadley Centre model has been pururbed by varying the parameters in the model to generate 17 realisations of future climates. Some of these reflect expected change but others capture the more extreme potential behaviour of future climate conditions. The 17 realisations have been used to drive the INCA Flow and Nitrogen model inorder to generate downstream times series of hydrology and nitrate- nitrogen. The variability of the climates on these fluxes are investigated and and their likley impact on the Bay of Begal Delta considered. Results indicate a slight shift in the monsoon season with increased wet season flows and increased temperatures which alter nutrient fluxes. Societal Importance to Stakeholders The GBM Delta supports one of the most densely populated regions of people living in poverty, who rely on ecosystem services provided by the Delta for survival. These ecosystem services are dependent upon fluxes of water and nutrients. Freshwater for urban, agriculture, and aquaculture requirements are essential to livelihoods. Nutrient loads stimulate estuarine ecosystems, supporting fishing stocks, which contribute significantly the economy of Bangladesh. Thus the societal importance of upstream climate driven change change in Bangladesh are very

  1. View of Commemorative plaque left on moon at Hadley-Apennine landing site

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1971-08-01

    AS15-88-11894 (31 July-2 Aug. 1971) --- A close-up view of a commemorative plaque left on the moon at the Hadley-Apennine landing site in memory of 14 NASA astronauts and USSR cosmonauts, now deceased. Their names are inscribed in alphabetical order on the plaque. The plaque was stuck in the lunar soil by astronauts David R. Scott, commander, and James B. Irwin, lunar module pilot, during their Apollo 15 lunar surface extravehicular activity (EVA). The names on the plaque are Charles A. Bassett II, Pavel I. Belyayev, Roger B. Chaffee, Georgi Dobrovolsky, Theodore C. Freeman, Yuri A. Gagarin, Edward G. Givens Jr., Virgil I. Grissom, Vladimir Komarov, Viktor Patsayev, Elliot M. See Jr., Vladislav Volkov, Edward H. White II, and Clifton C. Williams Jr. The tiny, man-like object represents the figure of a fallen astronaut/cosmonaut. While astronauts Scott and Irwin descended in the Lunar Module (LM) "Falcon" to explore the Hadley-Apennine area of the moon, astronaut Alfred M. Worden, command module pilot, remained with the Command and Service Modules (CSM) in lunar orbit.

  2. English Is for Dummies: Linguistic Contradictions at an International College in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Stephanie K.

    2016-01-01

    Under the slogan of internationalisation, Korean universities have opened international colleges as a way to better attract and accommodate foreign students. However, due to a lack of foreign student recruiting capability, the majority of the students who enrol at one such international college are not foreign, but Korean. Contradictions arise…

  3. English Is for Dummies: Linguistic Contradictions at an International College in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Stephanie K.

    2016-01-01

    Under the slogan of internationalisation, Korean universities have opened international colleges as a way to better attract and accommodate foreign students. However, due to a lack of foreign student recruiting capability, the majority of the students who enrol at one such international college are not foreign, but Korean. Contradictions arise…

  4. Doing the Tango: A Community College Librarian Goes to South America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tang, Donna Taxco

    1991-01-01

    Offers a personal account of a fellowship project undertaken in Argentina by a community college librarian from the United States. Provides an overview of Argentine libraries, and reviews highlights of a seminar held in Argentina on the community college concept. (DMM)

  5. Risk Behaviors Related to Inter-personal Violence Among School and College-going Adolescents in South Delhi

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Rahul; Grover, Vijay L; Chaturvedi, Sanjay

    2008-01-01

    Background: Injuries are a major cause of death and disability among the adolescents in the world. Objective: To study risk behavior related to interpersonal violence amongst school- and college-going adolescents in South Delhi and its epidemiological correlates. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Three schools and two colleges in South Delhi. Participants: Five hundred and fifty adolescents aged 14-19 years. Statistical Analysis: Proportions, Chi-square test, multivariate logistic regression. Results: Among the study participants, 65 (11.8%) reported having carried a weapon in past 30 days. Seventy-four (13.5%) respondents had threatened or injured someone with a weapon in past 12 months. Almost one in every two boys (49.1%) reported being involved in a physical fight in past 12 months. Involvement in interpersonal violence was found to be significantly more amongst males than females. Adolescents who were working part time were more likely to be ‘at risk’ (67.5%) than those not working (48.5%). In logistic regression analysis, the significant correlates of interpersonal violence were male gender, lower age, number of close friends, having seen role models smoke/drink, and residing in resettlement colonies, slums or villages. The findings regarding violence-related behaviors among adolescents are remarkably similar to those in other countries. PMID:19967030

  6. Greatly expanded tropical warm pool and weakened Hadley circulation in the early Pliocene.

    PubMed

    Brierley, Chris M; Fedorov, Alexey V; Liu, Zhonghui; Herbert, Timothy D; Lawrence, Kira T; Lariviere, Jonathan P

    2009-03-27

    The Pliocene warm interval has been difficult to explain. We reconstructed the latitudinal distribution of sea surface temperature around 4 million years ago, during the early Pliocene. Our reconstruction shows that the meridional temperature gradient between the equator and subtropics was greatly reduced, implying a vast poleward expansion of the ocean tropical warm pool. Corroborating evidence indicates that the Pacific temperature contrast between the equator and 32 degrees N has evolved from approximately 2 degrees C 4 million years ago to approximately 8 degrees C today. The meridional warm pool expansion evidently had enormous impacts on the Pliocene climate, including a slowdown of the atmospheric Hadley circulation and El Niño-like conditions in the equatorial region. Ultimately, sustaining a climate state with weak tropical sea surface temperature gradients may require additional mechanisms of ocean heat uptake (such as enhanced ocean vertical mixing).

  7. Astronaut David Scott on slope of Hadley Delta during Apollo 15 EVA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1971-07-31

    AS15-85-11514 (31 July-2 Aug. 1971) --- Astronaut David R. Scott, commander, standing on the slope of Hadley Delta, uses a 70mm camera during Apollo 15 extravehicular activity (EVA) on the lunar surface. He is 10.5 miles (or 17.5 kilometers) from the base of the Apennine Mountains seen in the background. Scott carries tongs in his left hand. The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) is in the background. This view is looking east. While astronauts Scott and James B. Irwin, lunar module pilot, descended in the Lunar Module (LM) "Falcon" to explore the moon, astronaut Alfred M. Worden, command module pilot, remained with the Command and Service Modules (CSM) in lunar orbit.

  8. Attribution of the local Hadley cell widening in the Southern Hemisphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Y. H.; Min, S. K.; Son, S. W.; Choi, J.

    2016-12-01

    This study conducts an attribution analysis of long-term changes in the southern edge of local Hadley Cell (HC) during austral summer for the past three decades (1979-2009). HC edges are defined as the latitudes of maximum sea level pressure in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) subtropics, and long-term variations of local HC edges are compared between multi-reanalyses with those from CMIP5 multi-model simulations using an optimal fingerprinting technique. Observed local HC exhibits the poleward expansion in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions, which are successfully reproduced by the CMIP5 models simulated including anthropogenic forcing (ANT) but with a weaker amplitude. The detection analyses further show that ANT signals are detected robustly in both Atlantic and Indian HC trends. More importantly, anthropogenic forcings other than greenhouse gas forcing are found to be clearly detected in isolation, indicating a possible attribution of the observed local HC widening over these regions to stratospheric ozone depletion.

  9. Local partitioning of the overturning circulation in the tropics and the connection to the Hadley and Walker circulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwendike, Juliane; Govekar, Pallavi; Reeder, Michael J.; Wardle, Richard; Berry, Gareth J.; Jakob, Christian

    2014-02-01

    Conceptually, it is useful to partition the three-dimensional tropical circulation into meridional and zonal components, namely, the Hadley and Walker circulations. The averaging involved in their definitions can introduce ambiguities. These problems can be circumvented by first partitioning the total vertical mass flux into components associated with overturning in the meridional and zonal directions, respectively, called here the local Hadley and local Walker circulations. Defining the local Hadley and local Walker circulations this way ensures the pair of two-dimensional overturning circulations can be added to give the original three-dimensional circulation, even when the averages are taken over limited domains. The method is applied to the vertical motion from the ERA-Interim reanalysis for the period 1979 to 2009. One important result is that the local Hadley circulation responds much more strongly to ENSO than the local Walker circulation, even though the local Walker circulation in the central Pacific weakens during El Niño years and strengthens and widens during La Niña years.

  10. Intimate partner violence-related experiences and mental health among college students in Japan, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Kamimura, Akiko; Nourian, Maziar M; Assasnik, Nushean; Franchek-Roa, Kathy

    2016-05-01

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health threat that contributes to a wide range of mental and physical health problems for victims. The purpose of this study was to examine IPV-related experiences and mental health outcomes among college students in Japan, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan. The data were obtained from the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), the International Dating Violence Study (IDVS) 2001-2006 (ICPSR 29583; N = 981; Japan n = 207; Singapore n = 260; South Korea n = 256; Taiwan n = 258). Co-experience of physical IPV victimization and perpetration was associated with borderline personality traits and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but not with depression. Childhood sexual abuse, gender hostility and violence socialization were significant predictors of borderline personality traits, depression and PTSD. While country and gender variations in mental health are noted, there are two specific populations that may need special attention for mental health interventions: Taiwanese women especially for borderline personality traits and PTSD, and Japanese men especially for depression. IPV victimization and perpetration, childhood sexual abuse, gender hostility and violence socialization have a significant impact on the mental health of college students in Japan, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan. Since IPV and mental health are significant public health issues, research on IPV and mental health consequences of IPV victimization and perpetration in these countries should be further expanded in order to better understand the interventions that will be effective in treating victims, perpetrators and victim/perpetrators of IPV. © The Author(s) 2016.

  11. Genre-specific media and perceptions of personal and social risk of smoking among South Korean college students.

    PubMed

    So, Jiyeon; Cho, Hyunyi; Lee, Jinro

    2011-05-01

    The smoking rate among adult men in South Korea is one of the highest in the world, standing at about 53%. Although various mass media-based educational initiatives have been taken to reduce this rate, their contribution toward the smoking risk perceptions of South Koreans has not been investigated. This study examined the association between genre-specific media exposure and personal and social risk perceptions of smokers and nonsmokers. Data from a survey of 558 South Korean college students (39% smokers) show that genre-specific media exposure differentially predicts personal and social risk perceptions of smokers and nonsmokers. News media exposure predicted smokers' personal risk perceptions, whereas entertainment media exposure predicted nonsmokers' personal risk perceptions. Exposure to a hybrid genre, health infotainment, predicted social risk perceptions, but not personal risk perceptions, of both smokers and nonsmokers. High rates of exposure to medical documentary were associated with low personal risk perceptions of nonsmokers, but not smokers. These results collectively suggest that mixed-media strategies may effectively address perceptions of personal and social risk of smoking. Suggestions for future research, and theoretical and practical implications, are offered.

  12. [Workshop for coordinating South Carolina`s pre-college systemic initiatives in science and mathematics

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-12-31

    On December 19, 1991, South Carolina`s Governor, established the Governor`s Mathematics and Sciences Advisory Board (MSAB) to articulate a vision and develop a statewide plan for improving science and mathematics education in South Carolina. The MSAB recognized that systemic change must occur if the achievement levels of students in South Carolina are to improve in a dramatic way. The MSAB holds two fundamental beliefs about systemic change: (1) All the elements of the science and mathematics education system must be working in harmony towards the same vision; and (2) Each element of the system must be held against high standards and progress must be assessed regularly against these standards.

  13. Texas Affordable Baccalaureate Program: A Collaboration between the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, South Texas College, and Texas A&M University-Commerce. CBE Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein-Collins, Rebecca; Glancey, Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    This case study is part of a series on newer competency-based degree programs that have been emerging in recent years. In January 2014, the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB), South Texas College (STC), and Texas A&M University-Commerce (A&M Commerce) launched the Texas Affordable Baccalaureate Program, the state's first…

  14. Levels of Possession of Science Process Skills by Final Year Students of Colleges of Education in South-Eastern States of Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akani, Omiko

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the levels of possession of science process skills by final year Nigerian Certificate in Education (NCE) Students in colleges of Education in South-Eastern States of Nigeria. The skills that were assessed were observation, experimentation, measurement, communication, and inference. The research was guided by five research…

  15. The Challenges of Promoting Instructional Improvement: Teaching Behaviors and Teaching Cultures at Liberal Arts Institutions in the Associated Colleges of the South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersen, Kent; Lom, Barbara; Sandlin, Betsy A.

    2016-01-01

    One goal of faculty development is to improve instructional practice (McKee, Johnson, Ritchie, & Tew, 2013; Ouellett 2010; Sorcinelli, Austin, Eddy, & Beach, 2006). This goal accords with the design of the Associated Colleges of the South Teaching and Learning Workshop, a faculty development workshop begun in 1992 for 16 residential,…

  16. Body Dissatisfaction and Disordered Eating among College Women in China, South Korea, and the United States: Contrasting Predictions from Sociocultural and Feminist Theories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Jaehee; Forbes, Gordon B.

    2007-01-01

    Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating were compared across groups of college women from China (n = 109), South Korea (n = 137), and the United States (n = 102). Based on cultural differences in the amount of exposure to Western appearance standards, particularly the thin-body ideal, sociocultural theory (Thompson, Heinberg, Altabe, &…

  17. Implementation of the Ohio College Library Center's Proposed Serials Control Subsystem at the University of South Florida Library: Some Preliminary Considerations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twitchell, Anne; Sprehn, Mary

    An evaluation of the Ohio College Library Center's (OCLC) proposed Serials Control Subsystem was undertaken to determine what effect the system would have on the operation of the Serials Department at the University of South Florida (USF) Library. The system would consist of three components: 1) claiming--identifying missing issues and generating…

  18. The Challenges of Promoting Instructional Improvement: Teaching Behaviors and Teaching Cultures at Liberal Arts Institutions in the Associated Colleges of the South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersen, Kent; Lom, Barbara; Sandlin, Betsy A.

    2016-01-01

    One goal of faculty development is to improve instructional practice (McKee, Johnson, Ritchie, & Tew, 2013; Ouellett 2010; Sorcinelli, Austin, Eddy, & Beach, 2006). This goal accords with the design of the Associated Colleges of the South Teaching and Learning Workshop, a faculty development workshop begun in 1992 for 16 residential,…

  19. Community Colleges in the South: Strengthening Readiness and Pathways. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanco, Cheryl; Spence, Dave

    2015-01-01

    Community colleges are essential to achieving state goals--increasing the educational attainment of the population, increasing access and completion, eliminating achievement gaps, closing opportunity gaps, and addressing workforce and economic development objectives. These institutions are flexible, adaptable, affordable, community-based,…

  20. The Academic Success of Homeschooled Students in a South Carolina Technical College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagwell, Jack N., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    In 2010, homeschooling was increasing in prevalence in the United States. Yet, little was known about the academic achievement of these students as they matriculated into colleges and universities. The purpose of this mixed methods sequential explanatory study was to examine the academic success achieved by the homeschooled population (N = 273)…

  1. Community Colleges in the South: Strengthening Readiness and Pathways. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanco, Cheryl; Spence, Dave

    2015-01-01

    Community colleges are essential to achieving state goals--increasing the educational attainment of the population, increasing access and completion, eliminating achievement gaps, closing opportunity gaps, and addressing workforce and economic development objectives. These institutions are flexible, adaptable, affordable, community-based,…

  2. The Educational Horizon Shifts South for U.S. Border Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, James E.

    1997-01-01

    Inspired by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), community colleges throughout the Southwest (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Texas) are developing curricula catering to the growing number of students seeking careers linked to hemispheric trade. The rush for cross-border collaboration (exchange programs, sabbaticals, cultural tours,…

  3. A SURVEY OF PARKING LOT UTILIZATION AT THE SOUTH CAMPUS, MACOMB COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macomb County Community Coll., Warren, MI.

    COLLEGE PARKING FACILITIES SHOULD (1) PERMIT FREE MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES, (2) ACCOMMODATE PEAK HOUR TRAFFIC DEMANDS, INCLUDING PROVISION OF RESERVOIR SPACE AT ENTRANCES AND EXITS, (3) BE ADEQUATELY MARKED AND POSTED, (4) BE DESIGNED TO ALLOW INTERNAL MOVEMENT, EASE AND SAFETY OF ACCESS, ADEQUATE MANEUVERING AREAS, AND GENERAL CONVENIENCE, AND (5) BE…

  4. The Educational Horizon Shifts South for U.S. Border Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, James E.

    1997-01-01

    Inspired by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), community colleges throughout the Southwest (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Texas) are developing curricula catering to the growing number of students seeking careers linked to hemispheric trade. The rush for cross-border collaboration (exchange programs, sabbaticals, cultural tours,…

  5. Energetic and hydrological responses of Hadley circulations and the African Sahel to sea surface temperature perturbations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, Spencer Alan

    Tropical precipitation is linked through the moist static energy (MSE) budget to the global distribution of sea surface temperatures (SSTs), and large deviations from the present-day SST distribution have been inferred for past climates and projected for global warming. We use idealized SST perturbation experiments in multiple atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs) to examine the hydrologic and energetic responses in the zonal mean and in the African Sahel to SST perturbations. We also use observational data to assess the prospects for emergent constraints on future rainfall in the Sahel. The tropical zonal mean anomalous MSE fluxes in the NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) AM2.1 AGCM due to SST anomalies caused by either historical greenhouse gas or aerosol forcing primarily occur through the time-mean, zonal mean (Hadley) circulation. Away from the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), this largely stems from altered efficiency of the Hadley circulation energy transport, i.e. the gross moist stability (GMS). A thermodynamic scaling-based estimate that relates GMS change to the local climatological moisture and temperature change relative to the ITCZ captures most of the qualitative GMS responses. It also yields a heuristic explanation for the well known correlation between low-latitude MSE fluxes and the ITCZ latitude. Severe Sahelian drying with uniform SST warming in AM2.1 is eliminated when the default convective parameterization is replaced with an alternate. The drying is commensurate with MSE convergence due to suppressed ascent balanced by MSE divergence due to increased dry advection from the Sahara. These qualitative energetic responses to uniform warming are shared by five other GFDL models and ten CMIP5 models, although they do not translate into quantitative predictors of the Sahel rainfall response. Climatological values and interannual variability in observations and reanalyses suggest that drying in AM2.1 is exacerbated by

  6. Ringxiety and the Mobile Phone Usage Pattern among the Students of a Medical College in South India

    PubMed Central

    Subba, Sonu H.; Mandelia, Chetan; Pathak, Vaibhav; Reddy, Divya; Goel, Akanksha; Tayal, Ayushi; Nair, Swati; Nagaraj, Kondagunta

    2013-01-01

    Aims: Technologies like mobile phones may not always work positively but they may have unforeseen adverse effects. This study was conducted to find the proportion of students who experienced ringxiety (phantom ringing) and other perceived effects, as well as the pattern of the mobile phone usage among college students. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, south India, among 336 medical students by using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Among the total number of students, 335 students possessed mobile phones. Mostly, the persons whom they talked to on their phones were parents for 220 (51%) of the students. 48% (150) talked for less than half hour in a day and 41% (137) were high volume message users. “Ringxiety” was experienced by 34.5% (116) of the students and they were more likely to use their phones at restricted places like classrooms (99%) and libraries (60.3%). A significantly larger proportion of ringxiety sufferers also complained of hampered studies. Conclusion: The pattern of mobile phone use among the medical students appeared to be problematic, as a fairly large proportion suffered from ringxiety, they reported getting very upset and they used their phones at restricted times and places. This problem needs to be recognized, all stakeholders must be made aware of the symptoms and measures must be taken to reduce it. PMID:23542709

  7. Workshop for coordinating South Carolina`s pre-college systemic initiatives

    SciTech Connect

    1997-03-26

    The goal of the South Carolina Statewide Systemic Initiative (SC SSI) is to provide quality and effective learning experiences in science and mathematics to all people of South Carolina by affecting systemic change. To accomplish this goal, South Carolina must: (1) coordinate actions among many partners for science and mathematics change; (2) place the instruments of change into the hands of the effectors of change - teachers and schools; and (3) galvanize the support of policy makers, parents, and local communities for change. The SC SSI proposes to establish a network of 13 regional mathematics and science HUBs. The central idea of this plan is the accumulation of Teacher Leaders at each HUB who are prepared in special Curriculum Leadership Institutes to assist other teachers and schools. The HUB becomes a regional nexus for delivering services to schools who request assistance by matching schools with Teacher Leaders. Other initiatives such as the use of new student performance assessments, the integration of instructional technologies into the curriculum, a pilot preservice program, and Family Math and Family Science will be bundled together through the Teacher Leaders in the HUBs. Concurrent policy changes at the state level in teacher and administrator certification and recertification requirements, school regulations and accountability, and the student performance assessment system will enable teachers and schools to support instructional practices that model South Carolina`s new state Curriculum Frameworks in Mathematics and Science.

  8. Personal Factors as Predictors of Students' Academic Achievement in Colleges of Education in South Western Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adeyemi, Abisola Moradeyo; Adeyemi, Semiu Babatunde

    2014-01-01

    Educational stakeholders have continued to express concerns over the poor academic performance of Nigerian students at virtually all levels of academic engagements. This paper investigated personal factors as predictors of students' academic performance in the South-Western Nigeria. The study employed the ex post facto design using a survey design…

  9. Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates. South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    National and regional trends mask important variation among states in the supply of high school graduates. This profile provides brief indicators for South Carolina related to: current levels of educational attainment, projections of high school graduates into the future, and two common barriers to student access and success--insufficient academic…

  10. South Australian Science Teachers Association Conference and Science Fair, Salisbury Teachers College, July 1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1971

    The major papers presented at the 1971 conference of the South Australian Science Teachers Association are included in this pamphlet. Scientists from industry, research institutions, and the police forensic laboratory, and practicing teachers presented papers which included descriptions of modern scientific techniques, discussions of the role of…

  11. South Australian Science Teachers Association Conference and Science Fair, Salisbury Teachers College, July 1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1971

    The major papers presented at the 1971 conference of the South Australian Science Teachers Association are included in this pamphlet. Scientists from industry, research institutions, and the police forensic laboratory, and practicing teachers presented papers which included descriptions of modern scientific techniques, discussions of the role of…

  12. Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates. South Dakota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    National and regional trends mask important variation among states in the supply of high school graduates. This profile provides brief indicators for South Dakota related to: current levels of educational attainment, projections of high school graduates into the future, and two common barriers to student access and success--insufficient academic…

  13. Community Colleges in South Africa? Assessment of Potential from Comparative International Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolhuter, C. C.

    2011-01-01

    While South African higher education has, in many respects, achieved remarkable achievements since 1994, a series of serious problems continue to beset the system, and a low internal (high attrition rate) and external (alignment with the employment market) efficiency. There also exist the problems of large scale youth unemployment and the policy…

  14. Community Colleges in South Africa? Assessment of Potential from Comparative International Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolhuter, C. C.

    2011-01-01

    While South African higher education has, in many respects, achieved remarkable achievements since 1994, a series of serious problems continue to beset the system, and a low internal (high attrition rate) and external (alignment with the employment market) efficiency. There also exist the problems of large scale youth unemployment and the policy…

  15. The geologic history of quartz-normative and olivine-normative basalts in the vicinity of Hadley Rille (Apollo 15)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grove, T. L.

    1985-01-01

    The geologic history of the quartz normative (QNB) and olivine normative (ONB) basalt types at Hadley Rille are discussed. A model for the geology of the mare basalts was constructed from a combination of field observations, sample chemistry, sample petrology and personal bias from terrestrial experience. The model proposes that the QNBs are the only mare lava type that is present as outcrop in the area traversed by the astronauts during the Apollo 15 mission. The returned QNB samples formed during a single eruptive phase of the Hadley Rille lava tube system. The ONB lavas are an exotic component transported to the site by a cratering event, or the ONBs are samples excavated from older are bedrock that was partly covered by the QNB lavas.

  16. The geologic history of quartz-normative and olivine-normative basalts in the vicinity of Hadley Rille (Apollo 15)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grove, T. L.

    1985-01-01

    The geologic history of the quartz normative (QNB) and olivine normative (ONB) basalt types at Hadley Rille are discussed. A model for the geology of the mare basalts was constructed from a combination of field observations, sample chemistry, sample petrology and personal bias from terrestrial experience. The model proposes that the QNBs are the only mare lava type that is present as outcrop in the area traversed by the astronauts during the Apollo 15 mission. The returned QNB samples formed during a single eruptive phase of the Hadley Rille lava tube system. The ONB lavas are an exotic component transported to the site by a cratering event, or the ONBs are samples excavated from older are bedrock that was partly covered by the QNB lavas.

  17. Perceptions and knowledge toward mobile-health among the college going students in Coastal South India

    PubMed Central

    Parthaje, Prasanna Mithra; Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran; Thapar, Rekha; Kumar, Nithin; Panikulam, Elizabeth Josy; Geroge, Elina; Pai, Prajwal; Kulkarni, Vaman; Holla, Ramesh; Darshan, Bhagwan Bhagyamma; Kumar, Avinash; Mehta, Rohil; Jay, Ratna

    2016-01-01

    Background: Among the manifold uses of mobile phones, mobile-health (mHealth) has been an important one, which is the practice of public health initiatives by awareness raising and communication campaigns. Optimum utilization of mHealth is possible only through adequate awareness. Hence, we aimed to study the perceptions and knowledge about mHealth among college going students in Mangalore, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in March 2014 among 627 students in selected engineering (302 students) and medical colleges (325 students) in Mangalore, India. Colleges were selected using convenience sampling (nonrandom) method. Data were collected using semi-structured self-administered questionnaire and analyzed. Results: Overall, 48.9% were males, 61.4% belonged to 18-20 years age group. The awareness about mobile phone health utilities among medical and engineering students was found to be similar. Among those who were aware of the concept of mHealth (74 [11.2%]), 40 (54.1%) were medical students. Marginally higher proportion of medical students felt mHealth could be helpful in protecting the patients’ confidentiality and would help in better communication with the patients. Conclusion: There was high level of general awareness about mHealth among the subjects. However, many specific areas had limited knowledge among both the streams of students, hence highlighting the need for increasing awareness and sensitization. PMID:27003975

  18. Attribution of the local Hadley cell widening in the Southern Hemisphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Yeon-Hee; Min, Seung-Ki; Son, Seok-Woo; Choi, Jung

    2017-01-01

    This study conducts an attribution analysis of long-term changes in the southern edge of the local Hadley cell (HC) during austral summer for the past three decades (1979-2009). The southern edges of the local overturning circulations (local HC) are defined as the latitudes of maximum sea level pressure in the Southern Hemisphere subtropics, and the long-term variations of local HC edges from multireanalyses are compared with those from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) multimodel simulations by using the optimal fingerprinting technique. The observed local HC exhibits a poleward expansion in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions, which is successfully reproduced by the CMIP5 models including anthropogenic forcing (ANT) but with a weaker amplitude. The detection analyses further show that ANT signals are detected robustly in both Atlantic and Indian HC trends. More importantly, anthropogenic forcings other than greenhouse gas forcing are found to be clearly detected in isolation, indicating a possible attribution of the observed local HC widening over these regions to stratospheric ozone depletion.

  19. Interannual variability of tropical cyclone activity and regional Hadley circulation over the Northeastern Pacific

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Gan; Wang, Zhuo

    2015-04-01

    The interannual variability of the regional Hadley circulation (HC) and tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the Northeastern Pacific (NEP) was investigated. The interannual variability of the HC in the NEP hurricane season is found dominated by a mode (M1EP) regulating the strength and meridional extent of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. M1EP has a more robust correlation with NEP TC activity than the El Niño-Southern Oscillation sea surface temperature indices. The strong correlation is attributed to the impacts of M1EP on environmental conditions. In addition, the leading mode of the Atlantic HC, which has an anticorrelation with M1EP, also strongly impacts NEP TC activity. The findings, together with Zhang and Wang (2013), highlight the role of the HC in controlling the variability of TC activity as well as the interbasin connection between the NEP and the Atlantic. The regional HC is thus recommended as a useful metric to benchmark models in simulating TC activity.

  20. Transient aspects of the Hadley circulation forced by an idealized off-equatorial ITCZ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez, Alex O.; Mora Rojas, Gabriela; Schubert, Wayne H.; Taft, Richard K.

    2017-03-01

    This paper presents analytical solutions of large-scale, zonally symmetric overturning circulations in the tropical free troposphere forced by transient diabatic heating in the off-equatorial intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). The dynamics are discussed in the context of the time-dependent meridional circulation equation arising in an equatorial β-plane model. The solutions of these differential equations contain terms for the slow, quasi-balanced part of the response and terms for the transient, zonally symmetric, inertia-gravity wave part of the response. When the off-equatorial (north of the equator) ITCZ diabatic heating is switched on at various rates, both parts of the response reveal a basic asymmetry between the southern and northern hemispheres, with the southern hemisphere side containing most of the quasi-balanced compensating subsidence and transient inertia-gravity wave activity. The inertia-gravity waves travel in wave packets that bounce off a spectrum of turning latitudes and are analyzed in the context of an average conservation law approach. These traveling wave packets cause the mass flux in the southern and northern Hadley cells to pulsate on timescales of about 1, 2, and 3 days for diabatic heating of the external, first internal, and second internal vertical modes, respectively. The spectral characteristics of the vertical motion in the ITCZ and subsidence regions are slightly more complicated and depend on ITCZ location.

  1. The responses of the Hadley circulation to different meridional SST structures in the seasonal cycle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Juan; Li, Jianping; Jin, Feifei; Zhao, Sen; Xie, Fei

    2017-08-01

    The meridional structure of sea surface temperature (SST) plays an important role in determining the variations of the Hadley circulation (HC). The quantitative differences in the HC caused by the changing meridional structures of SST over seasonal cycles remain unclear. To determine the quantitative response of the HC to the meridional structure of SST during the seasonal cycle, this study decomposes the variations of the SST and HC into two components: equatorially asymmetric components (i.e., SEA for SST and HEA for HC) and equatorially symmetric components (i.e., SES for SST and HES for HC). Variations in HEA (HES) are closely associated with those in SEA (SES). In this study, five atmospheric reanalyses and two SST reanalyses are analyzed, focusing on the period of 1979-2013. The response amplitude of HEA to SEA is about four times than that of HES to SES in most of the reanalyses. This result provides a possible explanation for the dominance of the equatorially asymmetric mode over the variability of the HC during the seasonal march.

  2. Transient Climate Change in the Hadley Centre Models: The Role of Physical Processes.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, K. D.; Senior, C. A.; Mitchell, J. F. B.

    2001-06-01

    A comparison of the response to increasing greenhouse gas concentrations of two versions of the Met Office's (Hadley Centre) coupled atmosphere-ocean model reveals differences that result in large local variations in the modeled impact of climate change. With the aim of understanding the important processes and feedbacks associated with climate change, and ultimately reducing uncertainty in predictions, a series of sensitivity experiments were performed using a coupled atmosphere-mixed layer ocean model. The primary differences in the atmospheric response of the coupled models studied are found to be due to changes made to the physical representation of the atmosphere rather than to the ocean. In particular, many of the different patterns of response can be explained through changes made to the boundary layer scheme combining in a nonlinear way with changes to the cloud scheme to alter the tropical temperature and precipitation response in the model. A new land surface exchange scheme largely accounts for the different Northern Hemisphere continental surface temperature response.

  3. Evidence for Interannual to Decadal Variations in Hadley and Walker Circulations and Links to Water and Energy Fluxes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robertson, Franklin; Bosilovich, Michael; Miller, Timothy

    2007-01-01

    Mass and energy transports associated with the Hadley and Walker circulations are important components of the earth s climate system and are strongly linked to hydrologic processes. Interannual to decadal variation in these flows likely signify a combination of natural climate noise as well as a response to anthropgenic forcing. There remains considerable uncertainty in quantifying variations in these flows. Evidence in the surface pressure record supports a weakening of the Walker circulation over the Pacific in recent decades. Conversely the NCEP / NCAR and ERA 40 reanalyses indicate that the Hadley circulation has increased in strength over the last two decades, though these analyses depict significantly different mass circulation changes. Interestingly, the NCEP - II / DOE reanalysis contains essentially no Hadley circulation changes. Most climate model integrations anticipate a weakening of both tropical circulations associated with stronger static stability. Clearly there is much uncertainty not only with the mass transports, but also how they are linked to water and energy balance of the planet through variations in turbulent heat and radiative fluxes and horizontal exports / imports of energy. Here we examine heat and water budget variations from a number of reanalysis products and focus on the linear and nonlinear response of ENSO warm and cold events as opportunities to study budget variations over the past 15-20 years. Our analysis addresses such questions as To what extent do Hadley and Walker Cell variations compensate each other on mass and energy transport? Do static stability adjustments appear to constrain fractional precipitation response vs. fractional water vapor response? We appeal to constraints offered by GPCP precipitation, SSWI ocean evaporation estimates, and ISCCP-FD radiative fluxes, and other satellite data sets to interpret and confirm reanalysis-based diagnostics. Using our findings we also attempt to place in context the recent

  4. Climatic response to large summertime injections of smoke into the atmosphere: changes in precipitation and the Hadley circulation

    SciTech Connect

    Ghan, S.J.; MacCracken, M.C.; Walton, J.J.

    1985-08-01

    An atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) has been initialized with a 150 Tg summertime injection of smoke from post-war fires over Europe, Asia and North America. The smoke is subject to large-scale and convectice transport, dry deposition, coagulation and precipitation scavenging. The Hadley circulation is shown to respond in three stages. In the first stage, which lasts about one week depending on initial conditions, the Hadley circulation doubles in intensity. As the smoke spreads across the equator, and as the troposphere becomes more stable, the Hadley cell then weakens until it becomes actually weaker than in the control climate. In the final stage, as the smoke is removed, the Hadley cell gradually returns towards the control. Surface precipitation generally decreases as a result of the smoke. By the fourth week following the injection, zonal-mean surface precipitation in the tropics and summer hemisphere midlatitudes are about half of those in the control climate. The decrease is most notable over land, ocean precipitation being reduced only in the tropics. Penetrating convective precipitation is greatly reduced at all latitudes; large-scale precipitation is enhanced, becoming the dominant mode of precipitation in the simulation. Precipitation scavenging is shown to be the dominant removal process for particles larger than one micron in diameter. As a result, the lifetime of large particles increases several-fold due to the reduction in precipitation and the ''self-lofting'' of the smoke. For particles smaller than one micron in diameter, precipitation scavenging is found to be a much less efficient removal mechanism than both coagulation, which is important during the first week following the injection, and dry deposition at later times. 16 refs., 23 figs.

  5. Evidence for Interannual to Decadal Variations in Hadley and Walker Circulations and Links to Water and Energy Fluxes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robertson, Franklin; Bosilovich, Michael; Miller, Timothy

    2007-01-01

    Mass and energy transports associated with the Hadley and Walker circulations are important components of the earth s climate system and are strongly linked to hydrologic processes. Interannual to decadal variation in these flows likely signify a combination of natural climate noise as well as a response to anthropgenic forcing. There remains considerable uncertainty in quantifying variations in these flows. Evidence in the surface pressure record supports a weakening of the Walker circulation over the Pacific in recent decades. Conversely the NCEP / NCAR and ERA 40 reanalyses indicate that the Hadley circulation has increased in strength over the last two decades, though these analyses depict significantly different mass circulation changes. Interestingly, the NCEP - II / DOE reanalysis contains essentially no Hadley circulation changes. Most climate model integrations anticipate a weakening of both tropical circulations associated with stronger static stability. Clearly there is much uncertainty not only with the mass transports, but also how they are linked to water and energy balance of the planet through variations in turbulent heat and radiative fluxes and horizontal exports / imports of energy. Here we examine heat and water budget variations from a number of reanalysis products and focus on the linear and nonlinear response of ENSO warm and cold events as opportunities to study budget variations over the past 15-20 years. Our analysis addresses such questions as To what extent do Hadley and Walker Cell variations compensate each other on mass and energy transport? Do static stability adjustments appear to constrain fractional precipitation response vs. fractional water vapor response? We appeal to constraints offered by GPCP precipitation, SSWI ocean evaporation estimates, and ISCCP-FD radiative fluxes, and other satellite data sets to interpret and confirm reanalysis-based diagnostics. Using our findings we also attempt to place in context the recent

  6. Narrowing of the Upwelling Branch of the Brewer-Dobson Circulation and Hadley Cell in Chemistry-Climate Model Simulations of the 21st Century

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Li, Feng; Stolarski, Richard S.; Pawson, Steven; Newman, Paul A.; Waugh, Darryn

    2010-01-01

    Changes in the width of the upwelling branch of the Brewer-Dobson circulation and Hadley cell in the 21st Century are investigated using simulations from a coupled chemistry-climate model. In these model simulations the tropical upwelling region narrows in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The narrowing of the Brewer-Dobson circulation is caused by an equatorward shift of Rossby wave critical latitudes and Eliassen-Palm flux convergence in the subtropical lower stratosphere. In the troposphere, the model projects an expansion of the Hadley cell's poleward boundary, but a narrowing of the Hadley cell's rising branch. Model results suggest that eddy forcing may also play a part in the narrowing of the rising branch of the Hadley cell.

  7. Narrowing of the Upwelling Branch of the Brewer-Dobson Circulation and Hadley Cell in Chemistry-Climate Model Simulations of the 21st Century

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Li, Feng; Stolarski, Richard S.; Pawson, Steven; Newman, Paul A.; Waugh, Darryn

    2010-01-01

    Changes in the width of the upwelling branch of the Brewer-Dobson circulation and Hadley cell in the 21st Century are investigated using simulations from a coupled chemistry-climate model. In these model simulations the tropical upwelling region narrows in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The narrowing of the Brewer-Dobson circulation is caused by an equatorward shift of Rossby wave critical latitudes and Eliassen-Palm flux convergence in the subtropical lower stratosphere. In the troposphere, the model projects an expansion of the Hadley cell's poleward boundary, but a narrowing of the Hadley rising branch. Model results suggest that the narrowing of the Hadley cell ascent is also eddy-driven.

  8. Narrowing of the Upwelling Branch of the Brewer-Dobson Circulation and Hadley Cell in Chemistry-Climate Model Simulations of the 21st Century

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Li, Feng; Stolarski, Richard S.; Pawson, Steven; Newman, Paul A.; Waugh, Darryn

    2010-01-01

    Changes in the width of the upwelling branch of the Brewer-Dobson circulation and Hadley cell in the 21st Century are investigated using simulations from a coupled chemistry-climate model. In these model simulations the tropical upwelling region narrows in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. The narrowing of the Brewer-Dobson circulation is caused by an equatorward shift of Rossby wave critical latitudes and Eliassen-Palm flux convergence in the subtropical lower stratosphere. In the troposphere, the model projects an expansion of the Hadley cell's poleward boundary, but a narrowing of the Hadley cell's rising branch. Model results suggest that eddy forcing may also play a part in the narrowing of the rising branch of the Hadley cell.

  9. U.S. Community College Professional Staff Seek South African Doctoral Degrees: An Analysis of an International Doctoral Program Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Margaret Vail

    2011-01-01

    Prominent challenges facing contemporary community colleges are enhancing leadership capacity and serving their diverse student populations. While doctoral education constitutes a mainstay strategy for developing community college leaders, community college professionals face constraints accessing doctoral programs. The innovation of an…

  10. U.S. Community College Professional Staff Seek South African Doctoral Degrees: An Analysis of an International Doctoral Program Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Margaret Vail

    2011-01-01

    Prominent challenges facing contemporary community colleges are enhancing leadership capacity and serving their diverse student populations. While doctoral education constitutes a mainstay strategy for developing community college leaders, community college professionals face constraints accessing doctoral programs. The innovation of an…

  11. Serving Students with Significant Disabilities in Two-Year Colleges. Program Accessibility Committee, Florence-Darlington Technical College, Florence, South Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gugerty, John, Ed.; Knutsen, Caryl, Ed.

    This report is an outcome of a project designed to seek, screen, evaluate, describe, and disseminate highly effective approaches used by two-year colleges to serve students with significant disabilities. "Two-year colleges" included academic institutions, technical colleges, and vocational institutes. From a pool of 18 applicants, the…

  12. Influence of the parent-adolescent relationship on condom use among South Korean male college students.

    PubMed

    Cha, Eun Seok; Kim, Kevin H; Doswell, Willa M

    2007-12-01

    This study examined the mediating role of condom self-efficacy between the parent-adolescent relationship and the intention to use condoms with a submodel based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. Male students aged 18-25 years (n = 176) were recruited from a university in Seoul, South Korea, using a flyer and self-referral in 2004. A sample of 170 male students was retained for the final data analyses as six subjects had incomplete data on more than one instrument. Condom self-efficacy completely mediated the prediction of intention to use condoms by the quality of the mother-son relationship. However, condom self-efficacy did not mediate the relationship between the quality of the father-son relationship and the intention to use condoms. Only an indirect effect between the quality of the father-son relationship and the intention to use condoms existed. The suggested sex education programs should develop culture-specific, theory-based, and family-based interventions in order to reduce risky sexual behavior among South Korean adolescents.

  13. Analysis of college students' online life-styles and their psychological profiles in South Korea.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sujin

    2010-12-01

    This study examines the relationships between the online life-styles of South Korean students as Internet users and Internet use, their tendency toward Internet addiction, and the level of cyber ethics. A sample of 324 students, aged between 18 and 23 years, from a medium-sized university in South Korea was asked to complete a survey. They were categorized into three groups depending on their online life-styles: a Social group (SG), an Individual group (IG), and a Loner group (LG). In the following analyses, no group difference was found in hours of Internet use on either weekdays or weekends, but the SG reported higher engagement in interaction-oriented activities (e.g. blogging, games, and instant messenger services) than the LG. As for tendency toward Internet addiction, all three groups belonged to the first phase of the "at-risk" classification in Korea. Interestingly, the IG characteristics of sensation seeking and independence reported the lowest scores in cyber ethics, while the LG characteristics of apathetic attitude toward the Internet reported the highest scores in cyber ethics. This preliminary study showed that Internet users impose different meanings and values on their Internet experiences, which contribute to their use of Internet services, their tendency toward Internet addiction, and their level of cyber ethics.

  14. Hadley circulation strength and width in a wide range of simulated climates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Agostino, R.; Adam, O.; Lionello, P.; Schneider, T.

    2016-12-01

    Understanding how the Hadley circulation (HC) responds to global warming is crucial because it determines climatic features such as the seasonal migration of the ITCZ, the extent of subtropical arid regions and the strength of the monsoons. Here we analyse changes in the HC strength and width in the set of PMIP3 and CMIP5 simulations, spanning a wide range of climate conditions from Last Glacial Maximum to future RCP projections. The large climate change signal emerging from comparing paleoclimate simulations to future scenarios offers the possibility to analyse the corresponding HC change and to investigate its response to large variations of the factors controlling it. The results confirm that the HC generally expands and weakens as the global mean temperature increases, consistent with results from other studies. Furthermore, we find an asymmetric HC response between the northern and southern hemisphere in the rate at which the HC edges shift poleward with global warming. The mid-latitude static stability and meridional temperature gradients affect the HC edges to different degrees in the two hemispheres. In the southern hemisphere the increase in the mid-latitude static stability is associated with a poleward shift of the southern HC edge, while in the northern hemisphere, the reduction in the meridional temperature gradient plays the dominant role in the poleward shift of the northern HC edge. The two hemispheres also exhibit very different changes of HC strength. The HC weakening with global warming occurs primarily in the northern hemisphere, while there is no change, or even a slighter weakening in the southern hemisphere. The HC changes also have pronounced seasonal signatures. The maximum poleward shift of the northern HC edge occurs one month later (from August to September) in future global warming scenarios than when comparing pre-industrial simulations with the Last Glacial Maximum.

  15. Hadley circulation and precipitation changes controling black shale deposition in the Late Jurassic Boreal Seaway

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Armstrong, Howard A.; Wagner, Thomas; Herringshaw, Liam G.; Farnsworth, Alexander J.; Lunt, Daniel J.; Harland, Melise; Imber, Jonathan; Loptson, Claire; Atar, Elizabeth F. L.

    2016-08-01

    New climate simulations using the HadCM3L model with a paleogeography of the Late Jurassic (155.5 Ma) and proxy-data corroborate that warm and wet tropical-like conditions reached as far north as the UK sector of the Jurassic Boreal Seaway (~35°N). This is associated with a northern hemisphere Jurassic Hadley cell and an intensified subtropical jet which both extend significantly poleward than in the modern (July-September). Deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation (KCF) occurred in the shallow, storm-dominated, epeiric Boreal Seaway. High-resolution paleo-environmental proxy data from the Kimmeridge Clay Formation (KCF; ~155-150 Ma), UK, are used to test for the role of tropical atmospheric circulation on meter-scale heterogeneities in black shale deposition. Proxy and model data show that the most organic-rich section (eudoxus to mid-hudlestoni zones) is characterized by a positive δ13Corg excursion and up to 37 wt % total organic carbon (%TOC). Orbital modulation of organic carbon burial primarily in the long eccentricity power band combined with a clear positive correlation between %TOC carbonate-free and the kaolinite/illite ratio supports peak organic carbon burial under the influence of very humid climate conditions, similar to the modern tropics. This reinterpretation of large-scale climate relationships, supported by independent modeling and geological data, has profound implications for atmospheric circulation patterns and processes affecting marine productivity and organic carbon burial further north along the Boreal Seaway, including the Arctic.

  16. Evidence of global warming impact on the evolution of the Hadley Circulation in ECMWF centennial reanalyses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Agostino, Roberta; Lionello, Piero

    2016-07-01

    This study analyzes the evolution of the Hadley Circulation (HC) during the twentieth century in ERA-20CM (AMIP-experiment) and ERA-20C (reanalysis). These two recent ECMWF products provide the opportunity for a new analysis of the HC trends and of their uncertainties. Further, the effect of sea surface temperature forcing (including its uncertainty) and data assimilation are investigated. Also the ECMWF reanalysis ERA-Interim, for the period 1979-2010, is considered for a complementary analysis. Datasets present important differences in characteristics and trends of the HC. In ERA-20C HC is weaker (especially the Southern Hemisphere HC) and the whole Northern Hemisphere HC is located more southward than in ERA-20CM (especially in the boreal summer). In ERA-Interim HC is stronger and wider than both other simulations. In general, the magnitude of trends is larger and more statistically significant in ERA-20C than in ERA-20CM. The presence of large multidecadal variability across twentieth century raises doubts on the interpretation of recent behavior, such as the onset of sustained long term trends, particularly for the HC strength. In spite of this, the southward shift of the Southern Edge and widening of the Southern Hemisphere HC appear robust features in all datasets, and their trends have accelerated in the last three decades, but actual expansion rates remain affected by considerable uncertainty. Inconsistencies between datasets are attributed to the different reproduction of the links between the HC width and factors affecting it (such as mean global temperature, tropopause height, meridional temperature contrast and planetary waves), which appear more robust in ERA-20CM than in ERA-20C, particularly for the two latter factors. Further, in ERA-Interim these correlations are not statistically significant. These outcomes suggest that data assimilation degrades the links between the HC and features influencing its dynamics.

  17. Investigation of the snow-monsoon relationship in a warming atmosphere using Hadley Centre climate model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panda, S. K.; Dash, S. K.; Bhaskaran, B.; Pattnayak, K. C.

    2016-12-01

    Several studies based on observed data and models show that there is an inverse relationship between the strength of the Indian summer monsoon and the extent/depth of Eurasian snow in the preceding season. Perturbed Physics Ensemble (PPE) simulations of Hadley Centre Coupled Model version 3 (HadCM3) have been used in this study to re-examine the snow-monsoon relationship in the longer time scale. The PPE monthly precipitation values during June, July, August and September (JJAS) have been compared with the corresponding values of Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia (UEA), UK for the period 1961-1990. The PPEs which simulated the Indian summer monsoon reasonably well have been used for examining snow-monsoon relationship. Atmospheric fields such as wind, geopotential height, velocity potential and stream function from the PPE simulations have been examined in detail. Results show that because of the west Eurasian snow depth anomalies, the mid-latitude circulation undergoes significant changes, which in turn lead to weak/strong monsoon circulation during deficient/excess Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall (ISMR) respectively. The first Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF1) of winter snow depth for the period 1961-1990 over the whole of Eurasia explains 13% variability. Thus the significant correlation patterns are consistent with the most dominant EOF of snow depth, in which the first mode describes a dipole type structure as observed. The study confirms that snow depth in the western part of Eurasia (20°E-65°E and 45°N-65°N) has negative correlation with the ISMR.

  18. Hadley circulation extent and strength in a wide range of simulated climates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Agostino, Roberta; Adam, Ori; Lionello, Piero; Schneider, Tapio

    2017-04-01

    Understanding the Hadley circulation (HC) dynamics is crucial because its changes affect the seasonal migration of the ITCZ, the extent of subtropical arid regions and the strength of the monsoons. Despite decades of study, the factors controlling its strength and extent have remained unclear. Here we analyse how HC strength and extent change over a wide range of climate conditions from the Last Glacial Maximum to future projections. The large climate change between paleoclimate simulations and future scenarios offers the chance to analyse robust HC changes and their link to large-scale factors. The HC shrinks and strengthens in the coldest simulation relative to the warmest. A progressive poleward shift of its edges is evident as the climate warms (at a rate of 0.35°lat./K in each hemisphere). The HC extent and strength both depend on the isentropic slope, which in turn is related to the meridional temperature gradient, subtropical static stability and tropopause height. In multiple robust regression analysis using these as predictors, we find that the tropical tropopause height does not add relevant information to the model beyond surface temperature. Therefore, primarily the static stability and secondarily the meridional temperature contrast together account for the bulk of the almost the total HC variance. However, the regressions leave some of the northern HC edge and southern HC strength variance unexplained. The effectiveness of this analysis is limited by the correlation among the predictors and their relationship with mean temperature. In fact, for all simulations, the tropical temperature explains well the variations of HC except its southern hemisphere intensity. Hence, it can be used as the sole predictor to diagnose the HC response to greenhouse-induced global warming. How to account for the evolution of the southern HC strength remains unclear, because of the large inter-model spread in this quantity.

  19. Hadley Cell Variability and Extremes in Reanalysis Data: Links to Tropical and Subtropical Precipitating Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stachnik, J. P.; Schumacher, C.

    2010-12-01

    The tropical Hadley circulation (HC, hereafter) accounts for the largest portion of global overturning in the meridional-vertical plane and is responsible for a significant redistribution of energy and heat throughout the global ocean-atmosphere system. The HC plays an important role in determining both local weather and climate (e.g., tropical rainfall patterns and suppression of precipitation in the subtropics) and can affect weather patterns at higher latitudes due to impacts on the general circulation. Reanalysis data is commonly used to study the behavior of the HC given the lack of observations over the tropical oceans, although previous studies have documented large discrepancies in the strength, location and latitudinal extent of the HC in older datasets. This study presents an HC climatology using multiple next generation and standard reanalysis datasets (including the ERA-Interim, ERA40, JRA25, NCEP/DOE and NCEP/NCAR). Variability in the long-term HC representation is quantified and explained by differences in the precipitation characteristics among datasets. Interannual variability and recent HC extremes are also explored with a new phenomenological approach, identifying changes in occurrence frequency and location of mesoscale precipitating systems as categorized by storm type (e.g., convective-stratiform, shallow-deep, etc.) using data collected by the Precipitation Radar (PR) onboard the TRMM satellite. Finally, satellite observations of storm type and other HC metrics derived from reanalysis are used to better elucidate HC latitudinal variability and determine those local areas of meridional overturning most important to comprising the zonal mean.

  20. Evidence of global warming impact on the evolution of the Hadley Circulation in ECMWF centennial reanalyses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Agostino, Roberta; Lionello, Piero

    2017-05-01

    This study analyzes the evolution of the Hadley Circulation (HC) during the twentieth century in ERA-20CM (AMIP-experiment) and ERA-20C (reanalysis). These two recent ECMWF products provide the opportunity for a new analysis of the HC trends and of their uncertainties. Further, the effect of sea surface temperature forcing (including its uncertainty) and data assimilation are investigated. Also the ECMWF reanalysis ERA-Interim, for the period 1979-2010, is considered for a complementary analysis. Datasets present important differences in characteristics and trends of the HC. In ERA-20C HC is weaker (especially the Southern Hemisphere HC) and the whole Northern Hemisphere HC is located more southward than in ERA-20CM (especially in the boreal summer). In ERA-Interim HC is stronger and wider than both other simulations. In general, the magnitude of trends is larger and more statistically significant in ERA-20C than in ERA-20CM. The presence of large multidecadal variability across twentieth century raises doubts on the interpretation of recent behavior, such as the onset of sustained long term trends, particularly for the HC strength. In spite of this, the southward shift of the Southern Edge and widening of the Southern Hemisphere HC appear robust features in all datasets, and their trends have accelerated in the last three decades, but actual expansion rates remain affected by considerable uncertainty. Inconsistencies between datasets are attributed to the different reproduction of the links between the HC width and factors affecting it (such as mean global temperature, tropopause height, meridional temperature contrast and planetary waves), which appear more robust in ERA-20CM than in ERA-20C, particularly for the two latter factors. Further, in ERA-Interim these correlations are not statistically significant. These outcomes suggest that data assimilation degrades the links between the HC and features influencing its dynamics.

  1. Department of Surgery/College of Medicine University of South Alabama: historical and contemporaneous perspectives.

    PubMed

    Richards, William O; Luterman, Arnold; Simmons, Jon D; Rodning, Charles B

    2014-05-01

    Many members of the medical profession in Mobile, Alabama, have exemplified a strong commitment to the education of their colleagues and successors, a tradition (L., traditio, "to hand over") that dates from the early 18th century. The Mobile General (city/county) Hospital (1830 to 1970) and its successor, the Medical Center, University of South Alabama (1971 to the present), were the institutional foci of those endeavors. Because it is individuals who create, design, and vitalize institutions, this monograph is an acknowledgment of the accomplishments of those who gave that endeavor purpose, direction, and meaning, particularly with reference to the evolution of surgical education. Numerous clinical and societal forces--cultural, economic, political, and social-influenced that evolution. This compilation gives attribution to a legacy of commitment to health and medical/surgical care, education, and research within southern Alabama.

  2. College Student Narratives about Learning and Using Self-Advocacy Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daly-Cano, Meada; Vaccaro, Annemarie; Newman, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    Self-advocacy is the ability to communicate one's needs and wants and to make decisions about the supports needed to achieve them (Stodden, Conway, & Chang, 2003). Research shows self-advocacy skills are related to academic performance and successful adaptation to college (Adams & Proctor, 2010; Getzel & Thoma, 2008; Hadley, 2006;…

  3. Education that allows South Korean Colleges of Dentistry to teach Emergency Care

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    As the medical environment and dental services change, the importance of educating dentists in responses to systemic emergencies is increasing. The current student-oriented education paradigm is moving towards training students in the abilities required to address the daily crises they will face, while also providing them with the ability to deliver knowledge. Before addressing a patient's situation, emergency physicians begin by diagnosing symptoms. As they must decide on the tests and treatments that are immediately required and must solve problems through interdisciplinary treatment, emergency physicians require additional skills and communication abilities besides clinical knowledge. Since dentistry colleges provide education that emphasizes the skills dentists require to treat oral diseases, they do not have sufficient time to teach emergency care. Additionally, because their professors lack expertise in pedagogy, dental students also have insufficient motivation to study the pathophysiology of systemic diseases. This review proposes a direction of teaching that can help dental students recognize problems and situations in emergency cases and that can help them develop their capability to immediately make a decision and resolve the problem. To do this, the author surveyed the educational philosophy and knowledge provided in the instructional design of clinical professors who give lectures on emergency care, and also examined the teaching methods of the learner-oriented education paradigm. PMID:28879310

  4. The Effect of Changes in the Hadley Circulation on Oceanic Oxygen Minimum Zones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De La Cruz Tello, G.; Ummenhofer, C.; Karnauskas, K. B.

    2014-12-01

    Recent research argued that the Hadley circulation (HC) is composed of three regional cells located at the eastern edges of the ocean basins, rather than a single, globe-encircling cell as the classic textbook view suggests. The HC is expected to expand in concert with global warming, which means that the dry regions beneath the descending branches of the HC are projected to become even drier. Changes in the HC are thus likely to impact freshwater resources on land, as well as the underlying ocean in the subtropics. The eastern edges of ocean basins are characterized by oxygen minimum zones (OMZs), which are regions of very low oxygen concentrations. They affect marine life, as many animals cannot handle the stress caused by such conditions. OMZs have expanded and shoaled in the last 50 years, and they are expected to continue to do so as global climate changes. The purpose of this research is to find links between the projected changes in OMZs and the HC. The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Earth System Model 1.0 (CESM), Representative Concentration Pathways 8.5 (RCP8.5) experiment with a resolution of 0.9 by 1.25 degrees, which formed part of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5), was used for this analysis. Meridional winds and oceanic oxygen concentrations were the primarily analyzed variables. Latitudinal ocean oxygen slices demonstrate the OMZs' location along the eastern edges of ocean basins. Meridional winds overlayed with oxygen concentration are consistent with the idea that surface meridional 'Hadleywise flow' (i.e., towards the equator at the surface and towards the poles aloft) and OMZs are linked through changes in upwelling. Area-averaged time series spanning the historical period through to the end of the 21st century with RCP8.5 confirm that future changes in OMZs and the HC may be connected. Further research could lead to improved understanding of the factors that drive changes in both, which could

  5. The Met Office Hadley Centre climate modelling capability: the competing requirements for improved resolution, complexity and dealing with uncertainty.

    PubMed

    Pope, V; Brown, S; Clark, R; Collins, M; Collins, W; Dearden, C; Gunson, J; Harris, G; Jones, C; Keen, A; Lowe, J; Ringer, M; Senior, C; Sitch, S; Webb, M; Woodward, S

    2007-11-15

    Predictions of future climate change require complex computer models of the climate system to represent the full range of processes and interactions that influence climate. The Met Office Hadley Centre uses 'families' of models as part of the Met Office Unified Model Framework to address different classes of problems. The HadGEM family is a suite of state-of-the-art global environment models that are used to reduce uncertainty and represent and predict complex feedbacks. The HadCM3 family is a suite of well established but cheaper models that are used for multiple simulations, for example, to quantify uncertainty or to test the impact of multiple emissions scenarios.

  6. Inertial instability flow in the troposphere over Suriname during the South American Monsoon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fortuin, J. P. F.; Kelder, H. M.

    2003-04-01

    Weekly sonde observations in Suriname, supported by ECMWF analyses and theory, are used to analyze the recurrence of inertial instability as the ITCZ migrates over land during the South American Monsoon. A layer of cooler air from the Atlantic Ocean is then advected southward over Suriname in the shape of a cold front, displacing the warmer air over the continent. The return flow northward, by the upper branch of the Hadley cell, is a region where inertial instability pervades due to cross-Equatorial advection of anticyclonic vorticity and the proximity of the subtropical jet. This unstable region evidently leads to the regular formation of a meridional sub-cell between the tropopause and the Hadley cell, conform the inertial frequency of this latitude, and contributes to the Hadley cell formation through northward acceleration in the upper branch. The moist saturated conditions in the lower troposphere also allows for inertial instability, which could possibly explain the southward acceleration experienced in the lower branch of the Hadley cell. The vertical dimension of the Hadley cell could be stretched by deep convection near the Equator to the observed depth.

  7. Desi Women on the Forty Acres: Exploring Intergenerational Issues and Identity Development of South Asian American College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruzicka, Smita Sundaresan

    2011-01-01

    South Asian Americans are one of the fastest growing sub-groups within the Asian American population in the United States today. Between 1960 and 1990, the South Asian American population witnessed an increase of approximately 900% (Leonard, 1997). This increase in population also corresponds with the increase in South Asian American students…

  8. Desi Women on the Forty Acres: Exploring Intergenerational Issues and Identity Development of South Asian American College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruzicka, Smita Sundaresan

    2011-01-01

    South Asian Americans are one of the fastest growing sub-groups within the Asian American population in the United States today. Between 1960 and 1990, the South Asian American population witnessed an increase of approximately 900% (Leonard, 1997). This increase in population also corresponds with the increase in South Asian American students…

  9. North Valley/South Valley Survey--Perceptions of Utah Valley State College and the Need for a Branch Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Bart R.

    Utah Valley Community College became Utah Valley State College (UVSC) in 1993, due to the increasing need for a four-year, degree-granting institution in Utah County. UVSC now offers 21 four-year programs, and enrollment has been growing at an average rate of 8% per year since 1986. There were 20,946 students enrolled for fall term 2000, and…

  10. Robust Hadley Circulation Changes and Increasing Global Dryness Due to CO2 Warming from CMIP-5 Model Projections

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lau, William K. M.; Kim, K. M.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate changes in the Hadley Circulation (HC) and their connections to increased global dryness under CO2 warming from CMIP-5 model projections. We find a strengthening of the ascending branch of the HC manifested in a deep-tropics squeeze (DTS), i.e., a deepening and narrowing of the convective zone, increased high clouds, and a rise of the level of maximum meridional mass outflow in the upper troposphere (200-100 hectopascals) of the deep tropics. The DTS induces atmospheric moisture divergence, reduces tropospheric relative humidity in the tropics and subtropics, in conjunction with a widening of the subsiding branches of the HC, resulting in increased frequency of dry events in preferred geographic locations worldwide. Among water cycle parameters examined, global dryness has the highest signal-to-noise ratio. Our results provide scientific bases for inferring that the observed tend of prolonged droughts in recent decades is likely attributable to greenhouse warming.

  11. Satellite Sounder Observations of Contrasting Tropospheric Moisture Transport Regimes: Saharan Air Layers, Hadley Cells, and Atmospheric Rivers

    SciTech Connect

    Nalli, Nicholas R.; Barnet, Christopher D.; Reale, Tony; Liu, Quanhua; Morris, Vernon R.; Spackman, J. Ryan; Joseph, Everette; Tan, Changyi; Sun, Bomin; Tilley, Frank; Leung, L. Ruby; Wolfe, Daniel

    2016-12-01

    This paper examines the performance of satellite sounder atmospheric vertical moisture proles (AVMP) under tropospheric conditions encompassing moisture contrasts driven by convection and advection transport mechanisms, specifically Atlantic Ocean Saharan air layers (SALs) and Pacific Ocean moisture conveyer belts (MCBs) commonly referred to as atmospheric rivers (ARs), both of these being mesoscale to synoptic meteorological phenomena within the vicinity of subtropical Hadley subsidence zones. Operational AVMP environmental data records retrieved from the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) NOAA-Unique Combined Atmospheric Processing System (NUCAPS) are collocated with dedicated radiosonde observations (RAOBs) obtained from ocean-based intensive field campaigns; these RAOBs provide uniquely independent correlative truth data not assimilated into numerical weather prediction models for satellite sounder validation over open ocean. Using these marine-based data, we empirically assess the performance of the operational NUCAPS AVMP product for detecting and resolving these tropospheric moisture features over otherwise RAOB-sparse regions.

  12. Factors controlling Hadley circulation changes from the Last Glacial Maximum to the end of the 21st century

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Agostino, Roberta; Lionello, Piero; Adam, Ori; Schneider, Tapio

    2017-08-01

    The Hadley circulation (HC) extent and strength are analyzed in a wide range of simulated climates from the Last Glacial Maximum to global warming scenarios. Motivated by HC theories, we analyze how the HC is influenced by the subtropical stability, the near-surface meridional potential temperature gradient, and the tropical tropopause level. The subtropical static stability accounts for the bulk of the HC changes across the simulations. However, since it correlates strongly with global mean surface temperature, most HC changes can be attributed to global mean surface temperature changes. The HC widens as the climate warms, and it also weakens, but only robustly so in the Northern Hemisphere. On the other hand, the Southern Hemisphere strength response is uncertain, in part because subtropical static stability changes counteract meridional potential temperature gradient changes to various degrees in different models, with no consensus on the response of the latter to global warming.

  13. Dreher High School and the University of South Carolina College of Education: A Long-Standing PDS Relationship That Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smoak, Kimberly; Blakeney, Roy; Dalton, Mary Lu

    2016-01-01

    Dating back to 1990, the PDS relationship between the University of South Carolina and Dreher High School in Columbia, South Carolina, has had a persistent dedication to a partnership that not only benefits pre-service teacher candidates but also empowers early career teachers to actively engage in their school. This article describes how this…

  14. Dreher High School and the University of South Carolina College of Education: A Long-Standing PDS Relationship That Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smoak, Kimberly; Blakeney, Roy; Dalton, Mary Lu

    2016-01-01

    Dating back to 1990, the PDS relationship between the University of South Carolina and Dreher High School in Columbia, South Carolina, has had a persistent dedication to a partnership that not only benefits pre-service teacher candidates but also empowers early career teachers to actively engage in their school. This article describes how this…

  15. The Classroom Performance System (CPS): Effects on student participation, attendance, and achievement in multicultural anatomy and physiology classes at South Texas College

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Termos, Mohamad Hani

    2011-12-01

    The Classroom Performance System (CPS) is an instructional technology tool that increases student performance and addresses different learning styles. Instructional technologies are used to promote active learning; however, student embarrassment issue in a multicultural setting is not addressed. This study assessed the effect of the CPS on student participation, attendance, and achievement in multicultural college-level anatomy and physiology classes at South Texas College, where the first spoken language is not English. Quantitative method and quasi-experimental design were employed and comparative statistic methods and pre-post tests were used to collect the data. Participants were college students and sections of study were selected by convenient sampling. Participation was 100% during most of the lectures held and participation rate did not strike above 68% in control group. Attendance was significantly higher in CPS sections than the control group as shown by t-tests. Experimental sections had a higher increase in the pre-post test scores and student averages on lecture exams increased at a higher rate as compared to the control group. Therefore, the CPS increased student participation, attendance, and achievement in multicultural anatomy and physiology classes. The CPS can be studied in other settings where the first spoken language is English or in other programs, such as special education programs. Additionally, other variables can be studied and other methodologies can be employed.

  16. A cross-sectional study of problem gambling and its correlates among college students in South India

    PubMed Central

    TS, Jaisoorya; Nair, Sivasankaran; Rani, Anjana; Menon, Priya; Madhavan, Revamma; Rajan, Jeevan Chakkandan; Radhakrishnan, Komath Sankaran; Jose, Vineeta; Benegal, Vivek; Thennarasu, K.; Petry, Nancy M.

    2016-01-01

    Background In the Western world, a significant portion of college students have gambled. College gamblers have one of the highest rates of problem gambling. To date, there have been no studies on gambling participation or the rates of problem gambling in India. Aims This study evaluated the prevalence of gambling participation and problem gambling in college students in India. It also evaluated demographic and psychosocial correlates of gambling in that population. Method We surveyed 5784 college students from 58 colleges in the district of Ernakulam, Kerala, India, using cluster random sampling. Students completed questionnaires that addressed gambling, substance use, psychological distress, suicidality and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Results A total of 5580 completed questionnaires were returned, and while only 1090 (19.5%) college students reported having ever gambled, 415 (7.4%) reported problem gambling. Lotteries were the most popular form of gambling. Problem gamblers in comparison with non-gamblers were significantly more likely to be male, have a part-time job, greater academic failures, higher substance use, higher psychological distress scores, higher suicidality and higher ADHD symptom scores. In comparison with non-problem gamblers, problem gamblers were significantly more likely to have greater academic failures, higher psychological distress scores, higher suicidality and higher ADHD symptom scores. Conclusions This study, the first to look at the prevalence of gambling in India, found relatively low rates of gambling participation in college students but high rates of problem gambling among those who did gamble. Correlates of gambling were generally similar to those noted in other countries. Since 38% of college students who had gambled had a gambling problem, there is a need for immediate public health measures to raise awareness about gambling, and to prevent and treat problem gambling in this population. Declaration of

  17. [Workshop for coordinating South Carolina's pre-college systemic initiatives in science and mathematics]. [A Mathematics and Sciences Education Summit

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    On December 19, 1991, South Carolina's Governor, established the Governor's Mathematics and Sciences Advisory Board (MSAB) to articulate a vision and develop a statewide plan for improving science and mathematics education in South Carolina. The MSAB recognized that systemic change must occur if the achievement levels of students in South Carolina are to improve in a dramatic way. The MSAB holds two fundamental beliefs about systemic change: (1) All the elements of the science and mathematics education system must be working in harmony towards the same vision; and (2) Each element of the system must be held against high standards and progress must be assessed regularly against these standards.

  18. Effects of a Computer Assisted Instruction EEE Seminar on Mathematics Achievement and Academic Self-Concept of Students at a Predominantly Black College in a Rural Community in the South.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reglin, Gary L.; Butler, Don

    This study examined the effectiveness of computer assisted instruction (CAI) in improving the mathematics achievement and academic self-confidence of black students in an Education Entrance Examination (EEE) seminar at a predominantly black college in South Carolina. Subjects were 49 students participating in the seminar, 43% black males and 47%…

  19. PSAT/NMSQT[R] 2014-2015 College-Bound High School Sophomores. Summary Report. South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Board, 2015

    2015-01-01

    In the fall of 2014, students took the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) to help determine their level of readiness for college. The PSAT/NMSQT 2014 State Summary Reports summarize the characteristics, scores and educational plans of the Class of 2016 and Class of 2017.

  20. The Influence of Role-Players on the Character-Development and Character-Building of South African College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeks, Fazel Ebrihiam

    2015-01-01

    The present world is in a moral crisis and it seems as though educational institutions experience both challenges and enormous behavioural problems. Statistics prove that there is a drastic decline in morals, values, standards, ethics, character and behaviour and schools, where colleges and even universities seem to indulge in crisis after crisis.…

  1. A Comparative Analysis of Personal Skills Profiles among Administrators, Department Chairs and Faculty at a College in South Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mejia, Juan Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    To remain competitive in a global economy, institutions of higher learning must commit to excellence and establish as a priority organizational and human resource development (McCabe, 2001). While mission statements from community colleges throughout the country may include similar foci, it is of paramount importance that these institutions of…

  2. Lecturers' Awareness and Utilization of Instructional Media in the State-Owned Colleges of Education, South-West Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fakomogbon, Micheal Ayodele; Olanrewaju, Olatayo Solomon; Soetan, Aderonke Kofo

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigated the awareness and utilization of instructional media (IM) based on gender of the lecturers of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. It was a descriptive type of survey research. All lecturers of Colleges of Education in Southwest geo-political zone of Nigeria formed the population. Some 621 lecturers were randomly selected.…

  3. Realizing the Goal of College Readiness in South Texas: The Role of School & Community Leaders. Implications from UCEA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saenz, Victor B.; Ozuna, Taryn

    2010-01-01

    Going to college is a familiar first step towards fulfilling the American dream for graduating high school students and their families. Yet for many in this country, the reality of their everyday lives is increasingly riddled with obstacles and tough choices about their future educational and career pathways. In light of these challenges, many…

  4. PSAT/NMSQT[R] 2014-2015 College-Bound High School Juniors. Summary Report. South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Board, 2015

    2015-01-01

    In the fall of 2014, students took the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) to help determine their level of readiness for college. The PSAT/NMSQT 2014 State Summary Reports summarize the characteristics, scores and educational plans of the Class of 2016 and Class of 2017.

  5. PSAT/NMSQT[R] 2014-2015 College-Bound High School Sophomores. Summary Report. South Dakota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Board, 2015

    2015-01-01

    In the fall of 2014, students took the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) to help determine their level of readiness for college. The PSAT/NMSQT 2014 State Summary Reports summarize the characteristics, scores and educational plans of the Class of 2016 and Class of 2017.

  6. PSAT/NMSQT[R] 2014-2015 College-Bound High School Juniors. Summary Report. South Dakota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Board, 2015

    2015-01-01

    In the fall of 2014, students took the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT) to help determine their level of readiness for college. The PSAT/NMSQT 2014 State Summary Reports summarize the characteristics, scores and educational plans of the Class of 2016 and Class of 2017.

  7. The effect of cumulus friction on the simulation of the January Hadley Circulation by the GLAS model of the general circulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Helfand, H. M.

    1979-01-01

    A method of parameterizing the vertical mixing of horizontal momentum by cumulus convection was added to the GLAS model of the general circulation of the tropics. Addition of the cumulus friction term strengthened the winter Hadley circulation and smoothed the mean meridional wind field, with a slight increase in the eddy kinetic energy. The results showed that the intensity of the meridional circulation is regulated by the atmosphere's angular momentum budget, changes in the zonally-averaged Coriolis force correlate with the new cumulus friction term, and the intensification of Hadley circulation is a response of the mean meridional flow field to the downward cumulus field of relative angular momentum in the winter hemisphere.

  8. Mount Logan Ice Core Evidence For Changes In The Hadley And Walker Circulations Following The End Of The Little Ice Age

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, K.; Holdsworth, G.; Alverson, K.

    2004-05-01

    The Hadley and Walker circulations dominate the climate of the tropics and contribute to extra-tropical climate variability through the forcing of planetary waves that result in the long-range correlation of atmospheric circulation patterns known as teleconnections. Previous work showed that an annually resolved 301-year ice core record of annual snow accumulation from a high elevation site on Mount Logan in northwestern North America contains an expression of one such teleconnection, the Pacific North America (PNA) pattern. Here we show that this record contains a related signal associated with the regional Hadley and Walker circulations in the Pacific. We argue that the positive trend in snow accumulation in the ice core that started in the middle of the 19th century is a reflection of changes in the intensities of these circulations that has been ongoing since the end of the Little Ice Age.

  9. Robust Hadley Circulation changes and increasing global dryness due to CO2 warming from CMIP5 model projections.

    PubMed

    Lau, William K M; Kim, Kyu-Myong

    2015-03-24

    In this paper, we investigate changes in the Hadley Circulation (HC) and their connections to increased global dryness (suppressed rainfall and reduced tropospheric relative humidity) under CO2 warming from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) model projections. We find a strengthening of the HC manifested in a "deep-tropics squeeze" (DTS), i.e., a deepening and narrowing of the convective zone, enhanced ascent, increased high clouds, suppressed low clouds, and a rise of the level of maximum meridional mass outflow in the upper troposphere (200-100 hPa) of the deep tropics. The DTS induces atmospheric moisture divergence and reduces tropospheric relative humidity in the tropics and subtropics, in conjunction with a widening of the subsiding branches of the HC, resulting in increased frequency of dry events in preferred geographic locations worldwide. Among various water-cycle parameters examined, global dryness is found to have the highest signal-to-noise ratio. Our results provide a physical basis for inferring that greenhouse warming is likely to contribute to the observed prolonged droughts worldwide in recent decades.

  10. CMIP5 models' shortwave cloud radiative response and climate sensitivity linked to the climatological Hadley cell extent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipat, Bernard R.; Tselioudis, George; Grise, Kevin M.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.

    2017-06-01

    This study analyzes Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) model output to examine the covariability of interannual Southern Hemisphere Hadley cell (HC) edge latitude shifts and shortwave cloud radiative effect (SWCRE). In control climate runs, during years when the HC edge is anomalously poleward, most models substantially reduce the shortwave radiation reflected by clouds in the lower midlatitude region (LML; ˜28°S-˜48°S), although no such reduction is seen in observations. These biases in HC-SWCRE covariability are linked to biases in the climatological HC extent. Notably, models with excessively equatorward climatological HC extents have weaker climatological LML subsidence and exhibit larger increases in LML subsidence with poleward HC edge expansion. This behavior, based on control climate interannual variability, has important implications for the CO2-forced model response. In 4×CO2-forced runs, models with excessively equatorward climatological HC extents produce stronger SW cloud radiative warming in the LML region and tend to have larger climate sensitivity values than models with more realistic climatological HC extents.

  11. Robust Hadley Circulation changes and increasing global dryness due to CO2 warming from CMIP5 model projections

    PubMed Central

    Lau, William K. M.; Kim, Kyu-Myong

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate changes in the Hadley Circulation (HC) and their connections to increased global dryness (suppressed rainfall and reduced tropospheric relative humidity) under CO2 warming from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) model projections. We find a strengthening of the HC manifested in a “deep-tropics squeeze” (DTS), i.e., a deepening and narrowing of the convective zone, enhanced ascent, increased high clouds, suppressed low clouds, and a rise of the level of maximum meridional mass outflow in the upper troposphere (200−100 hPa) of the deep tropics. The DTS induces atmospheric moisture divergence and reduces tropospheric relative humidity in the tropics and subtropics, in conjunction with a widening of the subsiding branches of the HC, resulting in increased frequency of dry events in preferred geographic locations worldwide. Among various water-cycle parameters examined, global dryness is found to have the highest signal-to-noise ratio. Our results provide a physical basis for inferring that greenhouse warming is likely to contribute to the observed prolonged droughts worldwide in recent decades. PMID:25713344

  12. An Examination of the Hadley Sea-Surface Temperature Time Series for the Nino 3.4 Region

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, Robert M.

    2010-01-01

    The Hadley sea-surface temperature (HadSST) dataset is investigated for the interval 1871-2008. The purpose of this investigation is to determine the degree of success in identifying and characterizing El Nino (EN) southern (ENSO) extreme events, both EN and La Nina (LN) events. Comparisons are made against both the Southern Oscillation Index for the same time interval and with published values of the Oceanic Nino Index for the interval since 1950. Some 60 ENSO extreme events are identified in the HadSST dataset, consisting of 33 EN and 27 LN events. Also, preferential associations are found to exist between the duration of ENSO extreme events and their maximum anomalous excursion temperatures and between the recurrence rate for an EN event and the duration of the last known EN event. Because the present ongoing EN is a strong event, it should persist 11 months or longer, inferring that the next EN event should not be expected until June 2012 or later. Furthermore, the decadal sum of EN-related months is found to have increased somewhat steadily since the decade of 1920-1929, suggesting that the present decade (2010-2019) possibly will see about 3-4 EN events, totaling about 37 +/- 3 EN-related months (i.e., months that meet the definition for the occurrence of an EN event).

  13. An Assessment of the Potential Implications to Piedmont Technical College of Property Tax Limitation Legislation in South Carolina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, John A., Jr.

    A review of the literature concerning educational finance, taxation, and California's Proposition 13 (1978) reveals that educational institutions encountered financial pressures before the passage of Proposition 13, and that these pressures--hardly specific to California--are highly visible in the South Carolina Technical Education System. The…

  14. Mental Illness Stigma as a Mediator of Differences in Caucasian and South Asian College Students' Attitudes toward Psychological Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loya, Fred; Reddy, Radhika; Hinshaw, Stephen P.

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has established that Asian Americans use mental health services less frequently and hold poorer attitudes toward psychological counseling than Caucasians. The authors directly tested whether stigmatizing beliefs regarding mental illness might explain such differential attitudes toward counseling in a South Asian and Caucasian…

  15. Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization among South Korean College Students: A Focus on Gender and Childhood Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gover, Angela R.; Park, MiRang; Tomsich, Elizabeth A.; Jennings, Wesley G.

    2011-01-01

    Unlike the attention given to intimate partner violence among adolescents and young adults in western societies, dating violence is not currently recognized in South Korea as a social phenomenon in terms of research, prevention, and intervention. Childhood maltreatment has been identified in previous research as a risk factor for violence in a…

  16. Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization among South Korean College Students: A Focus on Gender and Childhood Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gover, Angela R.; Park, MiRang; Tomsich, Elizabeth A.; Jennings, Wesley G.

    2011-01-01

    Unlike the attention given to intimate partner violence among adolescents and young adults in western societies, dating violence is not currently recognized in South Korea as a social phenomenon in terms of research, prevention, and intervention. Childhood maltreatment has been identified in previous research as a risk factor for violence in a…

  17. Mental Illness Stigma as a Mediator of Differences in Caucasian and South Asian College Students' Attitudes toward Psychological Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loya, Fred; Reddy, Radhika; Hinshaw, Stephen P.

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has established that Asian Americans use mental health services less frequently and hold poorer attitudes toward psychological counseling than Caucasians. The authors directly tested whether stigmatizing beliefs regarding mental illness might explain such differential attitudes toward counseling in a South Asian and Caucasian…

  18. Simulated austral winter response of the Hadley circulation and stationary Rossby wave propagation to a warming climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, Ana C. V.; Frederiksen, Jorgen S.; O'Kane, Terence J.; Ambrizzi, Tércio

    2016-09-01

    Ensemble simulations, using both coupled ocean-atmosphere (AOGCM) and atmosphere only (AGCM) general circulation models, are employed to examine the austral winter response of the Hadley circulation (HC) and stationary Rossby wave propagation (SRW) to a warming climate. Changes in the strength and width of the HC are firstly examined in a set of runs with idealized sea surface temperature (SST) perturbations as boundary conditions in the AGCM. Strong and weak SST gradient experiments (SG and WG, respectively) simulate changes in the HC intensity, whereas narrow (5°S-5°N) and wide (30°S-30°N) SST warming experiments simulate changes in the HC width. To examine the combined impact of changes in the strength and width of the HC upon SRW propagation two AOGCM simulations using different scenarios of increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are employed. We show that, in contrast to a wide SST warming, the atmospheric simulations with a narrow SST warming produce stronger and very zonally extended Rossby wave sources, leading to stronger and eastward shifted troughs and ridges. Simulations with SST anomalies, either in narrow or wide latitude bands only modify the intensity of the troughs and ridges. SST anomalies outside the narrow latitude band of 5°S-5°N do not significantly affect the spatial pattern of SRW propagation. AOGCM simulations with 1 %/year increasing CO2 concentrations or 4 times preindustrial CO2 levels reveal very similar SRW responses to the atmospheric only simulations with anomalously wider SST warming. Our results suggest that in a warmer climate, the changes in the strength and width of the HC act in concert to significantly alter SRW sources and propagation characteristics.

  19. Hadley cell dynamics in Japanese Reanalysis-55 dataset: evaluation using other reanalysis datasets and global radiosonde network observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mathew, Sneha Susan; Kumar, Karanam Kishore; Subrahmanyam, Kandula Venkata

    2016-12-01

    Hadley circulation (HC) is a planetary scale circulation spanning one-third of the globe from tropics to the sub-tropics. Recent changes in HC width and its temporal variability is a topic of paramount interest because of the climate implications it carry alongside. The present study attempts to bring out the subtropical climate change indications in the comparatively new Japanese Re-analysis (JRA55) dataset by means of the mean meridional stream function (MSF). The observed features of HC in JRA55 are found to be reproduced in NCEP, MERRA and ECMWF datasets, with notable differences in the magnitudes of MSF. The calculated annual cycle of HC edges, center and total width from this dataset closely resembles the annual cycle of the respective parameters derived from the rest of the datasets, with very less inter-annual variability. For the first time, MSF estimated using four reanalysis datasets (JRA55, NCEP, MERRA and ECMWF datasets) are verified with observations from integrated global radiosonde archive datasets, using the process of subsampling. The features so estimated show a high degree of similarity amongst each other as well as with observations. The monthly trend in the total width of the HC is quantified to show a maximum of expansion during the month of July, which is significant at the 95 % confidence interval for all datasets. The present paper also discusses the presence of a `minor circulation' feature in the northern hemisphere which is centered on 34°N during the June and July months, but not in all years. The significance of the present study lies in evaluating the relatively new JRA55 datasets with widely used reanalysis data sets and radiosonde observations and revelation of a minor circulation not discussed hitherto in the context of HC dynamics.

  20. Simulated austral winter response of the Hadley circulation and stationary Rossby wave propagation to a warming climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, Ana C. V.; Frederiksen, Jorgen S.; O'Kane, Terence J.; Ambrizzi, Tércio

    2017-07-01

    Ensemble simulations, using both coupled ocean-atmosphere (AOGCM) and atmosphere only (AGCM) general circulation models, are employed to examine the austral winter response of the Hadley circulation (HC) and stationary Rossby wave propagation (SRW) to a warming climate. Changes in the strength and width of the HC are firstly examined in a set of runs with idealized sea surface temperature (SST) perturbations as boundary conditions in the AGCM. Strong and weak SST gradient experiments (SG and WG, respectively) simulate changes in the HC intensity, whereas narrow (5°S-5°N) and wide (30°S-30°N) SST warming experiments simulate changes in the HC width. To examine the combined impact of changes in the strength and width of the HC upon SRW propagation two AOGCM simulations using different scenarios of increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are employed. We show that, in contrast to a wide SST warming, the atmospheric simulations with a narrow SST warming produce stronger and very zonally extended Rossby wave sources, leading to stronger and eastward shifted troughs and ridges. Simulations with SST anomalies, either in narrow or wide latitude bands only modify the intensity of the troughs and ridges. SST anomalies outside the narrow latitude band of 5°S-5°N do not significantly affect the spatial pattern of SRW propagation. AOGCM simulations with 1 %/year increasing CO2 concentrations or 4 times preindustrial CO2 levels reveal very similar SRW responses to the atmospheric only simulations with anomalously wider SST warming. Our results suggest that in a warmer climate, the changes in the strength and width of the HC act in concert to significantly alter SRW sources and propagation characteristics.

  1. Photograph use on social network sites among South Korean college students: the role of public and private self-consciousness.

    PubMed

    Shim, Minsun; Lee, Min Ju; Park, Sang Hee

    2008-08-01

    This study challenges theories of computer-mediated communication (CMC) that typically assume a lack of visual cues in CMC and conceptualize them as a situational factor. We examine individual differences in photo use on social network sites and link them to the dispositional tendency of self-consciousness (SC). Included were 231 students from one university in South Korea, who owned and maintained Cyworld profiles (called "mini-homepages"). Findings suggest that public SC, but not private SC, was positively associated with the higher frequency of posting photos, replying to comments on the photos, and scrapping photos on their mini-homepages. The frequency of posting specific content types of photos (concerning social relationships or life events) was also determined by participants' public SC but not by private SC. Implications of the findings for CMC theories are discussed.

  2. Impact of the modal aerosol scheme GLOMAP-mode on aerosol forcing in the Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bellouin, N.; Mann, G. W.; Woodhouse, M. T.; Johnson, C.; Carslaw, K. S.; Dalvi, M.

    2013-03-01

    The Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model (HadGEM) includes two aerosol schemes: the Coupled Large-scale Aerosol Simulator for Studies in Climate (CLASSIC), and the new Global Model of Aerosol Processes (GLOMAP-mode). GLOMAP-mode is a modal aerosol microphysics scheme that simulates not only aerosol mass but also aerosol number, represents internally-mixed particles, and includes aerosol microphysical processes such as nucleation. In this study, both schemes provide hindcast simulations of natural and anthropogenic aerosol species for the period 2000-2006. HadGEM simulations of the aerosol optical depth using GLOMAP-mode compare better than CLASSIC against a data-assimilated aerosol re-analysis and aerosol ground-based observations. Because of differences in wet deposition rates, GLOMAP-mode sulphate aerosol residence time is two days longer than CLASSIC sulphate aerosols, whereas black carbon residence time is much shorter. As a result, CLASSIC underestimates aerosol optical depths in continental regions of the Northern Hemisphere and likely overestimates absorption in remote regions. Aerosol direct and first indirect radiative forcings are computed from simulations of aerosols with emissions for the year 1850 and 2000. In 1850, GLOMAP-mode predicts lower aerosol optical depths and higher cloud droplet number concentrations than CLASSIC. Consequently, simulated clouds are much less susceptible to natural and anthropogenic aerosol changes when the microphysical scheme is used. In particular, the response of cloud condensation nuclei to an increase in dimethyl sulphide emissions becomes a factor of four smaller. The combined effect of different 1850 baselines, residence times, and abilities to affect cloud droplet number, leads to substantial differences in the aerosol forcings simulated by the two schemes. GLOMAP-mode finds a present-day direct aerosol forcing of -0.49 W m-2 on a global average, 72% stronger than the corresponding forcing from CLASSIC. This

  3. Impact of the modal aerosol scheme GLOMAP-mode on aerosol forcing in the Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bellouin, N.; Mann, G. W.; Woodhouse, M. T.; Johnson, C.; Carslaw, K. S.; Dalvi, M.

    2012-08-01

    The Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model (HadGEM) includes two aerosol schemes: the Coupled Large-scale Aerosol Simulator for Studies in Climate (CLASSIC), and the new Global Model of Aerosol Processes (GLOMAP-mode). GLOMAP-mode is a modal aerosol microphysics scheme that simulates not only aerosol mass but also aerosol number, represents internally-mixed particles, and includes aerosol microphysical processes such as nucleation. In this study, both schemes provide hindcast simulations of natural and anthropogenic aerosol species for the period 2000-2006. HadGEM simulations using GLOMAP-mode compare better than CLASSIC against a data-assimilated aerosol re-analysis and aerosol ground-based observations. GLOMAP-mode sulphate aerosol residence time is two days longer than CLASSIC sulphate aerosols, whereas black carbon residence time is much shorter. As a result, CLASSIC underestimates aerosol optical depths in continental regions of the Northern Hemisphere and likely overestimates absorption in remote regions. Aerosol direct and first indirect radiative forcings are computed from simulations of aerosols with emissions for the year 1850 and 2000. In 1850, GLOMAP-mode predicts lower aerosol optical depths and higher cloud droplet number concentrations than CLASSIC. Consequently, simulated clouds are much less susceptible to natural and anthropogenic aerosol changes when the microphysical scheme is used. In particular, the response of cloud condensation nuclei to an increase in dimethyl sulphide emissions becomes a factor of four smaller. The combined effect of different 1850 baselines, residence times, and cloud susceptibilities, leads to substantial differences in the aerosol forcings simulated by the two schemes. GLOMAP-mode finds a present-day direct aerosol forcing of -0.49 W m-2 on a global average, 72% stronger than the corresponding forcing from CLASSIC. This difference is compensated by changes in first indirect aerosol forcing: the forcing of -1.17 W m-2

  4. Attitude of interns towards mental illness and psychiatry: A study from two medical colleges in South India.

    PubMed

    Kodakandla, Krishna; Nasirabadi, Minhajzafar; Pasha, Mohammed Shahid

    2016-08-01

    This study aims to assess the intern's beliefs about mental illness, their attitude towards psychiatry and psychiatry as a career choice. In a cross-sectional design, one hundred and seventy six interns from the two medical colleges completed the Belief about Mental illness scale and Attitudes Towards Psychiatry (ATP-29) scale. Majority of the interns considered mentally ill patients as dangerous, unpredictable, cannot take up major responsibilities, cannot be a good parent, have poor interpersonal or social skills. The attitude towards psychiatry overall, functioning of a psychiatrist, efficacy of psychiatry treatment was found to be good in over 90% of the interns. The attitude towards career and reward aspect of psychiatry was not favorable in about 40%. About 13% considered psychiatry as a career choice. Beliefs about mental illness continue to be negative. Though the attitude towards psychiatry, psychiatrist and treatment efficacy is good, the social and reward aspects of psychiatry are not encouraging. Steps for changes in undergraduate medical education policies are required. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Mount Logan Ice Core Evidence For Changes In The Hadley And Walker Circulations Following The End Of The Little Ice Age

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holdsworth, G.; Moore, K.; Alverson, K.

    2004-12-01

    The Hadley and Walker circulations dominate the climate of the tropics and contribute to extra-tropical climate variability through the forcing of planetary waves that result in the long-range correlation of atmospheric circulation patterns known as teleconnections. Previous work showed that an annually resolved 301-year ice core record of annual snow accumulation from a high elevation site on Mount Logan in northwestern North America contains an expression of one such teleconnection, the Pacific North America (PNA) pattern. Here we show that this record contains a related signal associated with the regional Hadley and Walker circulations in the Pacific. We argue that the positive trend in snow accumulation in the ice core that started in the middle of the 19th century is a reflection of changes in the intensities of these circulations that has been ongoing since the end of the Little Ice Age. This change may also be associated with the observed jump in δ 18O that occurred in the ice core as well as in a number of widely spaced tropical coral records around the same time.

  6. Student Deaths Shake Up College Campuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Linda Meggett

    2001-01-01

    Reports on two murders at historically Black colleges in South Carolina. Explores reasons for press attention, the schools' responses, law enforcement activities, and recent deaths at other colleges. Sidebars present information on crisis response and statistics on campus crime. (EV)

  7. Factors associated with Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage and molecular characteristics among the general population at a Medical College Campus in Guangzhou, South China.

    PubMed

    Chen, B J; Xie, X Y; Ni, L J; Dai, X L; Lu, Y; Wu, X Q; Li, H Y; Yao, Y D; Huang, S Y

    2017-04-11

    The nasal cavity is the main colonization site of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in human body. Nasal carriage may be a strong risk factor for some serious infection. There was still limited information about the nasal carriage for S. aureus in south China. Sought to determine the prevalence and molecular characteristics of S. aureus nasal carriage, 295 volunteers residing on a medicine campus were investigated and sampled the nasal cavity swab. Selected S. aureus isolates were carried through molecular analysis, including pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence analysis, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) and virulence gene detection. A total of 73 S. aureus isolates were recovered from separate subjects (24.7%, 73/295), with one methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolate (0.3%, 1/295). Among the 73 isolates, 71 isolates were successfully grouped into 13 pulsotypes by PFGE analysis, with profiles A and L the most prevalent; 12 sequence types (STs) were found among the 23 isolates which had similar drug resistant spectrum. ST59, ST188 and ST1 were the most prevalent, accounting for 17.4, 13.0 and 13.0% of all isolates, respectively. The MRSA isolate presented ST8-SCCmec III. 56.5% of isolates carried both the staphylococcal enterotoxin A (sea) and enterotoxin B (seb) genes. 83.6% of the S. aureus isolates were resistant to penicillin, all isolates were susceptible to quinupristin/dalfopristin, levofloxacin, teicoplanin and vancomycin. The most common risk factors for S. aureus carriage were being male, age ≤30 years, and nasal cavity cleaning habits. Colonization by S. aureus was greater among male and young age (20-30 years) students and those with irregularity nasal cleaning. The S. aureus isolates selected were revealed into various sequence types and pulsotypes, indicating molecular heterogeneity among S. aureus isolates from the populations in the medical college in Guangzhou.

  8. Producing "science/fictions" about the rural and urban poor: Community-based learning at a medical college in South India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arur, Aditi Ashok

    This dissertation is an ethnographic case study of a community-based teaching program (CBTP) in public health at a medical college in South India that explored how the CBTP produced particular ways of seeing and understanding rural and urban poor communities. Drawing from critical, feminist, and postcolonial scholars, I suggest that the knowledge produced in the CBTP can be understood as "science/fictions", that is, as cultural texts shaped by transnational development discourses as well as medical teachers' and students' sociospatial imaginations of the rural and urban poor. I explored how these science/fictions mediated medical students' performative actions and interactions with a rural and an urban poor community in the context of the CBTP. At the same time, I also examined how knowledge produced in students' encounters with these communities disrupted their naturalized understandings about these communities, and how it was taken up to renarrativize science/fictions anew. Data collection and analyses procedures were informed by critical ethnographic and critical discourse analysis approaches. Data sources includes field notes constructed from observations of the CBTP, interviews with medical teachers and students, and curricular texts including the standardized national textbook of public health. The findings of this study illustrate how the CBTP staged the government and technology as central actors in the production of healthy bodies, communities, and environments, and implicitly positioned medical teachers and students as productive citizens of a modern nation while rural and urban poor communities were characterized sometimes as empowered, and at other times as not-yet-modern and in need of reform. However, the community also constituted an alternate pedagogical site of engagement in that students' encounters with community members disrupted students' assumptions about these communities to an extent. Nevertheless, institutionalized practices of assessment

  9. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Leaping Well Reservoir (MA 00586) Connecticut River Basin, South Hadley, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    sealed on the outside with a concrete collar. The well casing pipe was extended to the top of the old concrete headwall which originally held the...installed 12" diameter well casing pipe plus the 12" dia. asbestos drain pipe are more than sufficient to handle any overflow from the reservoir without

  10. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Hillside Beach (MA 00600) Connecticut River Basin, South Hadley, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-06-01

    Coninrue an evee side It noseev and DdeADDip by blocknb er~) THe dam is a 332 ft. long, 21 ft. high, gravity earth embankment structure with a concrete...April 12, 1979 The dam is a 332k foot long, 21* foot high, gravity earth e bankment structure with a concrete core wall, concrete intake structure and...VISUAL INSPECTION . 3.1 Findings a. General Hillside Beach Dam was inspected April 12, 1979. Water (1"± deep) was discharging through the spillway

  11. The Effects of Transitional Bilingual and Dual Language Education Programs on the College Readiness of English Language Learners in a South Texas School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garza-Reyna, Gina Lydia

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to track, compare, and analyze the college readiness of two cohorts of Hispanic English Language Learners (ELLs) by examining scores on state exit-level and national college entrance exams. One cohort was enrolled in the early-exit Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE) program, while the other cohort was…

  12. The Effects of Transitional Bilingual and Dual Language Education Programs on the College Readiness of English Language Learners in a South Texas School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garza-Reyna, Gina Lydia

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to track, compare, and analyze the college readiness of two cohorts of Hispanic English Language Learners (ELLs) by examining scores on state exit-level and national college entrance exams. One cohort was enrolled in the early-exit Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE) program, while the other cohort was…

  13. Inertial instability flow in the troposphere over Suriname during the South American Monsoon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fortuin, J. Paul F.; Kelder, Hennie M.; Sigmond, Michael; Oemraw, Radchis; Becker, Cor R.

    2003-05-01

    Weekly sonde observations in Suriname, supported by ECMWF analyses and a linear stability analysis, are used to analyze the recurrence of inertial instability as the ITCZ migrates over land during the South American Monsoon. A layer of cool moist air from the Atlantic Ocean is then advected southward over Suriname in the shape of a cold front, displacing the warmer air over the continent. The return flow northward, by the upper branch of the Hadley cell, is a region where inertial instability pervades due to cross-equatorial advection of anticyclonic vorticity and the proximity of the subtropical jet as it migrates closer to the Equator. This unstable region evidently leads to the episodical formation of a meridional sub-cell below the tropopause, where the damping is calculated to be strong enough to stabilize flow at smaller vertical scales, and yet weak enough to allow the observed cell recurrence - at approximately the inertial frequency of the underlying latitudes. This instability should also contribute to the Hadley cell formation through northward acceleration in the upper branch. The moist saturated conditions in the lower troposphere do allow inertial instability here, but the high damping values within the boundary layer suggests that the observed southward acceleration in the lower branch of the Hadley cell has a cause other than inertial instability.

  14. South Carolina Course Alignment Project Newsletter. Volume 1, Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    In response to the Education and Economic Development Act of 2005 (EEDA), South Carolina has embarked on an exciting initiative called the South Carolina Course Alignment Project. In partnership with the South Carolina Department of Education and the South Carolina Technical College System, the project is led by the South Carolina Commission on…

  15. Supported further education provision for people with long-term mental health needs: findings from a survey of further education colleges and primary care trusts across the south east of England.

    PubMed

    Morrison, Ian; Clift, Stephen M; Stosz, Laura M

    2010-03-01

    Government policy has highlighted the need for inclusive education for people with long-term mental health needs. As a starting point, the aim of this study was to assess the extent to which further education (FE) colleges in the south east of England provide supported education for people with mental health needs, and the extent to which these organizations collaborate with local NHS primary care trusts (PCTs). Also, to assess the potential numbers of people who might benefit from fully inclusive educational provision needs assessment, together with the potential healthcare cost savings. A survey was conducted of 33 multi-faculty FE colleges and 49 PCTs via structured telephone interviews with nominated representatives, in order to collect quantitative and qualitative data of the provision of supported education provision for people with mental health needs. The FE survey enquired whether they had provision for people with mental health needs, and if so, the details. The PCT survey gathered data on their caseload of standard and enhanced clients for the population covered, and the extent to which they were aware of the benefits of learning on mental health. Only 15 FE colleges (45%) had some form of provision for students with long-term mental health needs, and only six PCTs (12%) provided an educational link co-ordinator. FE colleges with existing provision averaged 70 students per college, against an attainable potential target of 130 students per college. Encouragingly, cohorts of students with mental health needs were reported to have levels of 'retention', 'achievement' and 'success' rates that were comparable with students from the general population on mainstream courses--e.g. expected rates of around 85% retention, 75% achievement (of those retained), 65% success (overall from enrolled to achieving), with some 5% progressing to university and 12% into employment. On present levels of FE recruitment, there is a potential net saving to the taxpayer of 13

  16. South Georgia Autograph Parties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Womack, Geneva H.

    1978-01-01

    The manager of the South Georgia College Bookstore describes several autograph parties used as a sales promotion technique. The planning process, including initial contacts with the guest authors, are discussed, and the schedules and events of the authors' visits are reviewed. (JMD)

  17. South Georgia Autograph Parties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Womack, Geneva H.

    1978-01-01

    The manager of the South Georgia College Bookstore describes several autograph parties used as a sales promotion technique. The planning process, including initial contacts with the guest authors, are discussed, and the schedules and events of the authors' visits are reviewed. (JMD)

  18. Influence of South Pacific Subtropical Dipole on South Pacific Convergence Precipitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, F.

    2016-12-01

    This study analyses the influence of the South Pacific Subtropical Dipole(SPSD) on South Pacific Convergence Zone(SPCZ) and explores its dynamic processes by using SST data HadISST of Hadley center and atmospheric reanalysis data of NCEP-NCAR. Analyses show that South Pacific Subtropical Dipole is linearly independent of ENSO, and SPSD with a strong phase locking peaks in summer(12 2). The location of SPCZ precipitation during January-March is remarkably affected by SPSD event during December-February, and SPCZ precipitation zone moves north and the location of precipitation moves south during negative dipole event. Northeast pole (warmer SST) has positive precipitation anomaly because of lower pressure and convergence of moisture in this area during positive dipole event years. However southwest pole (cooler SST) with higher pressure is dominated by divergence of moisture in order to less precipitation, so SPCZ precipitation zone moves north and the location of precipitation is opposite during negative dipole event. The results of this study provide more knowledge of relationship between SPSD and SPCZ, and it's better to understand climate change and air-sea interaction in south Pacific

  19. Women between Cultures: The Lives of Kinnaird College Alumnae in British India. Foreign and Comparative Studies/South Asian Series 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maskiell, Michelle

    The impact of education on the lives of Indian women who attended Kinnaird College in British India is examined. The lives of 468 of the 1,544 women listed in the admissions register from 1913 to 1947, or about a 30 percent non-random sample, are the basis of the study. Alumnae records were examined, and personal interviews were conducted with…

  20. 9. SOUTH ELEVATION, MAIN TOWERS Copy photograph of photogrammetric plate ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. SOUTH ELEVATION, MAIN TOWERS Copy photograph of photogrammetric plate LC-HABS-GS07-T-935-104R. - Antioch College, Main Hall, Livermore Street & North College Avenue, Yellow Springs, Greene County, OH

  1. 2004-05 Performance Year Ratings Impacting Fiscal Year 2005-06. University of South Carolina Upstate. Sector: Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This series of documents contains performance scoring information for 2004-2005 for individual institutions of higher education in South Carolina. This information is used in establishing 2005-2006 fiscal year allocations. Data includes: (1) Degrees Awarded; (2) Enrollment; (3) Average SAT score; (4) Faculty; (5) Tuition; and (6) Financial…

  2. 2004-05 Performance Year Ratings Impacting Fiscal Year 2005-06. University of South Carolina Aiken. Sector: Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This series of documents contains performance scoring information for 2004-2005 for individual institutions of higher education in South Carolina. This information is used in establishing 2005-2006 fiscal year allocations. Data includes: (1) Degrees Awarded; (2) Enrollment; (3) Average SAT score; (4) Faculty; (5) Tuition; and (6) Financial…

  3. 2004-05 Performance Year Ratings Impacting Fiscal Year 2005-06. University of South Carolina Beaufort. Sector: Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This series of documents contains performance scoring information for 2004-2005 for individual institutions of higher education in South Carolina. This information is used in establishing 2005-2006 fiscal year allocations. Data includes: (1) Degrees Awarded; (2) Enrollment; (3) Average SAT score; (4) Faculty; (5) Tuition; and (6) Financial…

  4. 2004-05 Performance Year Ratings Impacting Fiscal Year 2005-06. South Carolina State University. Sector: Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This series of documents contains performance scoring information for 2004-2005 for individual institutions of higher education in South Carolina. This information is used in establishing 2005-2006 fiscal year allocations. Data includes: (1) Degrees Awarded; (2) Enrollment; (3) Average SAT score; (4) Faculty; (5) Tuition; and (6) Financial…

  5. What Works? A Qualitative Examination of the Factors Related to the Academic Success of African American Males at a Predominantly White College in the South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Ray V.; Mason, Danielle

    2008-01-01

    Our study examined the factors related to the retention/academic success of African American males at a mid-sized, regional, predominantly white university in the south. The selected university has an African American male graduation rate, of approximately twenty three percent, which is thirteen percentage points below the national Black male…

  6. South side of administration building, also showing the library in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South side of administration building, also showing the library in the left distance, and the life sciences building in the right distance. - San Bernardino Valley College, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  7. South front, west part, showing wrought iron gates and tiling ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South front, west part, showing wrought iron gates and tiling at the former main entrance. - San Bernardino Valley College, Life Science Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  8. South side, entire, looking north across the quadrangle from the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South side, entire, looking north across the quadrangle from the courtyard between the library and the life sciences building. - San Bernardino Valley College, Auditorium, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  9. High Acceptability of HIV Self-Testing among Technical Vocational Education and Training College Students in Gauteng and North West Province: What Are the Implications for the Scale Up in South Africa?

    PubMed Central

    Mokgatle, Mathildah Mpata; Madiba, Sphiwe

    2017-01-01

    Background Although HIV self-testing (HIVST) is globally accepted as an important complement to existing HIV testing approaches, South Africa has lagged behind in its adoption. As a result, data on the acceptability and uptake of HIVST testing is limited. The study investigated the acceptability of HIVST among students in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) colleges in two provinces in South Africa. Methods A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect data among 3,662 students recruited from 13 TVET colleges. Results The mean age of the students was 21.9 years. The majority (80.9%) were sexually active; while 66.1% reported that they had one sexual partner, and 33.9% had two or more sexual partners in the past year, and66.5% used condoms during the last sexual act. Three-quarters tested for HIV in the past year but less than half knew about HIVST prior to the survey. The acceptability of HIVST was high; about three-quarters showed a willingness to purchase a self-test kit and a majority would self-test with partners. Acceptability of HIVST was associated with being sexually active (OR = 1.73, p = 0.02, confidence interval (CI): 1.08–2.75), having ever been tested for HIV (OR = 1.74, p = 0.001, CI: 1.26–2.38), and having multiple sexual partners (OR = 0.61, p = 0.01, CI: 0.42–0.88). Three-quarters would confirm test results at a local health facility. In terms of counselling, telephone hotlines were acceptable to only 39.9%, and less than half felt that test-kit leaflets would provide sufficient information to self-test. Interpretations The high acceptability of HIVST among the students calls for extensive planning and preparation for the scaling up of HIVST in South Africa. In addition, campaigns similar to those conducted to promote HIV counselling and testing (HCT) should be considered to educate communities about HIVST. PMID:28141858

  10. A correlated shortening of the North and South American monsoon seasons in the past few decades

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arias, Paola A.; Fu, Rong; Vera, Carolina; Rojas, Maisa

    2015-12-01

    Our observational analysis shows that the wet seasons of the American monsoon systems have shortened since 1978 due to correlated earlier retreats of the North American monsoon (NAM) and late onsets of the southern Amazon wet season, an important part of the South American monsoon (SAM). These changes are related to the combination of the global sea surface temperature (SST) warming mode, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), the westward shift of the North Atlantic subtropical high (NASH), and the enhancement of Pacific South American and Pacific North American wave train patterns, which induces variations of the regional circulation at interannual and decadal scales. The joint contributions from these forcing factors are associated with a stronger and more equatorward regional Hadley cell, which enhances convergence towards the equator, strengthening and possibly delaying the retreat of the tropical part of the NAM. This in turn accelerates the demise of the northern NAM and delays the reversal of the cross-equatorial flow over South America, reducing moisture transport to the SAM and delaying its onset. In addition, the thermodynamic response to warming appears to cause local drier land conditions over both regions, reinforcing the observed changes in these monsoons. Although previous studies have identified the isolated influence of the regional Hadley cell, ENSO, AMO, global SST warming, and NASH on the NAM, the correlated changes between NAM and SAM through variations of the cross-equatorial flow had not been established before.

  11. Interannual and Decadal Variability of Summer Rainfall over South America

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhou, Jiayu; Lau, K.-M.

    1999-01-01

    Using the CPC (Climate Prediction Center) Merged Analysis of Precipitation product along with the Goddard Earth Observing System reanalysis and the Climate Analysis Center sea surface temperature (SST) data, we conduct a diagnostic study of the interannual and decadal scale variability of summer rainfall over South America. Results show three leading modes of rainfall variation identified with interannual, decadal, and long-term trend variability. Together, these modes explain more than half the total variance. The first mode is highly correlated with El Nino/southern oscillation (ENSO), showing severe drought over Northeast Brazil and copious rainfall over the Ecuador coast and the area of Uruguay-Southern Brazil in El Nino years. This pattern is attributed to the large scale zonal shift of the Walker circulation and local Hadley cell anomaly induced by positive (negative) SST anomaly over the eastern (western) equatorial Pacific. In El Nino years, two convective belts indicated by upper tropospheric velocity potential trough and mid-tropospheric rising motion, which are somewhat symmetric about the equator, extend toward the northeast and the southeast into the tropical North and South Atlantic respectively. Sandwiched between the ascent is a region of descending motion over Northeast Brazil. The southern branch of the anomalous Hadley cell is dynamically linked to the increase of rainfall over Uruguay-Southern Brazil. The regional response of anomalous circulation shows a stronger South American summer monsoon and an enhanced (weakened) subtropical high over the South Atlantic (South Pacific) Ocean. The decadal variation displays a meridional shift of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), which is tie to the anomalous cross-equatorial SST gradient over the Atlantic and the eastern Pacific. In conjunction with this mode is a large scale mass swing between the polar regions and midlatitudes in both hemispheres. Over the South Atlantic and the South Pacific

  12. Community college students conducting experiment

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2015-01-31

    STUDENTS FROM COMMUNITY COLLEGES THROUGHOUT THE SOUTH CAME TOGETHER AT THE U.S. SPACE AND ROCKET CENTER FOR THE BALLOONSAT LAUNCH EVENT. EACH COMMUNITY COLLEGE TEAM ASSEMBLED ITS OWN PAYLOAD, DESIGNED TO DOWNLOAD SCIENTIFIC AND ATMOSPHERIC INFORMATION, AND THEN 2 WEATHER BALLOONS WERE SENT ALOFT TO APPROXIMATELY 100,000 FEET WITH THE PAYLOADS. THE PAYLOADS WERE RECOVERED IN N. GEORGIA AND TAKEN BACK TO THE INDIVIDUAL SCHOOLS FOR DOWNLOADING.

  13. Hadley, John (1682-1744)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Mathematician and instrument designer, born in Enfield Chase, Hertfordshire (now in Greater London), credited with ROBERT HOOKE in building the first Gregorian reflector telescope, making it into an accurate instrument for use in astronomy. Invented a double-reflecting quadrant with bubble-level to measure the altitude of the Sun or of a star. It was used to determine position at sea and evolved ...

  14. Comparision of the evolution of the Hadley Circulation between ECMWF ERA-20C centennial reanalysis and the atmospheric model ensemble ERA-20CM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Agostino, Roberta; Lionello, Piero

    2016-04-01

    This study compares the evolution of the Hadley Circulation (HC) during the 20th Century in two recent datasets: ERA-20CM and ERA-20C. ERA-20CM is an ensemble of Atmospheric Model simulations forced by 10 different realizations of prescribed SSTs and by radiative forcing that follow CMIP5 protocol. ERA-20C is a single simulation that is similarly forced by the analyzed SST, but it additionally assimilates surface pressure and marine winds. This comparison allows to highlight the effect of the data assimilation on magnitude of the HC trends, and helps to identify differences in the HC structure between reanalysis and AMIP-simulation. The assimilation introduces relevant differences between ERA-20CM and ERA-20C in characteristics and trends of the HCs. In ERA-20C HCs are weaker and the whole Northern Hemisphere HC is shifted southward than in ERA-20CM. Furthermore, the magnitude of trends is larger and more statistically significant in ERA-20C than in ERA-20CM, and only ERA-20C supports a change of the HC strength. Both datasets show large multidecadal variability across 20th Century, which raises doubts on the interpretation of all recent behaviors as the onset of sustained long term trends. However, while the strengthening of the ERA-20C Southern Hemisphere HC is possibly an artifact introduced by data assimilation, the southward shift of the Southern Edge and widening of the Southern Hemisphere HC are robust features in both datasets. The widening of the whole tropical circulation is primary linked to the expansion of the Southern Hemisphere HC and it has accelerated in the last three decades. width of the Southern Hemisphere HCs throughout the 20th Century is mainly correlated to the mean global temperature, but changes in the meridional temperature gradient and planetary wave activity have a role, as well. Furthermore, we integrated the analysis in a long-term perspective with CMIP5 experiments, to analyze HC sensitivity to surface temperature from Last Glacial

  15. The impact of the subtropical South Atlantic SST on South American precipitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taschetto, A. S.; Wainer, I.

    2008-11-01

    The Community Climate Model (CCM3) from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is used to investigate the effect of the South Atlantic sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies on interannual to decadal variability of South American precipitation. Two ensembles composed of multidecadal simulations forced with monthly SST data from the Hadley Centre for the period 1949 to 2001 are analysed. A statistical treatment based on signal-to-noise ratio and Empirical Orthogonal Functions (EOF) is applied to the ensembles in order to reduce the internal variability among the integrations. The ensemble treatment shows a spatial and temporal dependence of reproducibility. High degree of reproducibility is found in the tropics while the extratropics is apparently less reproducible. Austral autumn (MAM) and spring (SON) precipitation appears to be more reproducible over the South America-South Atlantic region than the summer (DJF) and winter (JJA) rainfall. While the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) region is dominated by external variance, the South Atlantic Convergence Zone (SACZ) over South America is predominantly determined by internal variance, which makes it a difficult phenomenon to predict. Alternatively, the SACZ over western South Atlantic appears to be more sensitive to the subtropical SST anomalies than over the continent. An attempt is made to separate the atmospheric response forced by the South Atlantic SST anomalies from that associated with the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Results show that both the South Atlantic and Pacific SSTs modulate the intensity and position of the SACZ during DJF. Particularly, the subtropical South Atlantic SSTs are more important than ENSO in determining the position of the SACZ over the southeast Brazilian coast during DJF. On the other hand, the ENSO signal seems to influence the intensity of the SACZ not only in DJF but especially its oceanic branch during MAM. Both local and remote influences, however

  16. Producing physicians for south Texas.

    PubMed

    Thomson, W A; Denk, J P; Ferry, P G; Martinez-Wedig, C; Michael, L H

    1999-01-01

    South Texas, one of the fastest growing regions in the country, remains among the most medically underserved, in part, because few students from South Texas enter medical school. To address this issue and to increase the diversity of the matriculant pool, Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) and The University of Texas-Pan American (UT-PA) established in 1994 the Premedical Honors College (PHC), a rigorous undergraduate program at UT-PA for students from South Texas high schools. Students who complete all PHC requirements and BCM prerequisites are accepted into BCM upon graduation from UT-PA. Those in good standing receive counseling, enrichment experiences, and tuition and fee waivers from UT-PA and BCM. The program is increasing the number of students from South Texas universities matriculating into medical school, and is expanding the involvement of local physicians in undergraduate education, heightening visibility for partner institutions, and becoming an effective, replicable bachelor of science/doctor of medicine model.

  17. South entrance, plan, section, & detail. San Bernardino Valley Union ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South entrance, plan, section, & detail. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Science Building. Detailed drawings of tile work, wrought iron, and art stone, Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 6, job no. 311. Scale 1.2 inch to the foot. February 15, 1927. - San Bernardino Valley College, Life Science Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  18. South elevation and main floor plan. San Bernardino Valley Union ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South elevation and main floor plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Science Building. Includes chemistry and botany departments. Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 2, job no. 311. Scale 1/8 inch to the foot. February 15, 1927. - San Bernardino Valley College, Life Science Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  19. Community College Education for the Incarcerated: The Provision of Access, Persistence and Social Capital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teeter, Christian B.

    2010-01-01

    This study details an investigation of community college studies for the incarcerated, focusing on the offerings of South Coast College for inmates within California. The study interviewed ten former inmates, each of whom studied with South Coast College while in prison, as well as faculty members, educational administrators, and a corrections…

  20. Community College Education for the Incarcerated: The Provision of Access, Persistence and Social Capital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teeter, Christian B.

    2010-01-01

    This study details an investigation of community college studies for the incarcerated, focusing on the offerings of South Coast College for inmates within California. The study interviewed ten former inmates, each of whom studied with South Coast College while in prison, as well as faculty members, educational administrators, and a corrections…

  1. Oglala Lakota College Annual Report 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oglala Lakota Coll., Kyle, SD.

    This annual report of Oglala Lakota College (South Dakota) profiles staff members and highlights brief family histories of students and staff. Staff profiles include educational background, duties, and interests. Ancestors of interest include: (1) the college president's great-grandfather, Short Bull, who fought at the battle of the Little Big…

  2. Trident Technical College 1999 Fact Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.

    Presents the 12th edition of the Trident Technical College (South Carolina) Fact Book, which offers relevant information on principal characteristics and strengths of the college. Includes the following chapters: (1) general information, such as vision and mission statements, institutional goals, history, and accreditation; (2) enrollment…

  3. Higher Education in South Carolina: An Agenda for the Future. Report to the South Carolina Commission on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van de Water, Gordon; Augenblick, John

    Higher education in South Carolina was evaluated, with attention to college missions, financial resources for colleges, and the role of the South Carolina Commission on Higher Education. The development of higher education during the last 30 years and the state's role in organizing and managing the higher education enterprise are described. The…

  4. Research: Survey of Tribal Colleges Reveals Research's Benefits, Obstacles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mortensen, Margaret; Nelson, Claudia E.; Stauss, Jay

    2001-01-01

    Stresses the need for tribal colleges to increase focus on research at all levels, from institutional to individual. Discusses types of research, obstacles and benefits to research, and model collaborative programs at Dull Knife Memorial College (Montana), Cheyenne River Community College (South Dakota), and Little Priest Tribal College…

  5. Conversion of the Livermore Education Center to College Status.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freitas, Joseph M.; And Others

    In March 1988, the South County Community College District (SCCCD) requested the approval of the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges to change the status of the Livermore Education Center from an "educational center" to a "college." An analysis by the Chancellor's Office of the request indicated that the District met Title 5…

  6. American Colleges See Potential in Korean Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Karin

    2008-01-01

    For colleges in the United States seeking a foothold in South Korea's formerly insular higher-education sector, the lure seems to be part location, part alumni lobbying, and part desire to be part of the country's rapid transformation. The South Korean government's newfound openness to overseas universities is helping persuade American college…

  7. American Colleges See Potential in Korean Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Karin

    2008-01-01

    For colleges in the United States seeking a foothold in South Korea's formerly insular higher-education sector, the lure seems to be part location, part alumni lobbying, and part desire to be part of the country's rapid transformation. The South Korean government's newfound openness to overseas universities is helping persuade American college…

  8. South Carolina Course Alignment Project: Best Practices Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chadwick, Kristine; Ward, Terri; Hopper-Moore, Greg

    2014-01-01

    To facilitate a more seamless transition from high school to postsecondary education, high schools and colleges need to build new relationships and examine educational programming on both sides of the critical juncture between the senior year in high school and the first year in college. This South Carolina College and Career Readiness Toolkit was…

  9. College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapa, Marisa; Galvan-De Leon, Vanessa; Solis, Judith; Mundy, Marie-Anne

    2014-01-01

    During the 79th Texas Legislature, the bill "Advancement of College Readiness in Curriculum" was passed (THECB). As a response to this, high schools and colleges have combined forming an early college high school. The result of this union was a program that condensed the time it took to complete both the high school diploma and up to two…

  10. Construct validity and factor structure of the pittsburgh sleep quality index and epworth sleepiness scale in a multi-national study of African, South East Asian and South American college students.

    PubMed

    Gelaye, Bizu; Lohsoonthorn, Vitool; Lertmeharit, Somrat; Pensuksan, Wipawan C; Sanchez, Sixto E; Lemma, Seblewengel; Berhane, Yemane; Zhu, Xiaotong; Vélez, Juan Carlos; Barbosa, Clarita; Anderade, Asterio; Tadesse, Mahlet G; Williams, Michelle A

    2014-01-01

    The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) are questionnaires used to assess sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness in clinical and population-based studies. The present study aimed to evaluate the construct validity and factor structure of the PSQI and ESS questionnaires among young adults in four countries (Chile, Ethiopia, Peru and Thailand). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 8,481 undergraduate students. Students were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire that collected information about lifestyle, demographic, and sleep characteristics. In each country, the construct validity and factorial structures of PSQI and ESS questionnaires were tested through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA). The largest component-total correlation coefficient for sleep quality as assessed using PSQI was noted in Chile (r = 0.71) while the smallest component-total correlation coefficient was noted for sleep medication use in Peru (r = 0.28). The largest component-total correlation coefficient for excessive daytime sleepiness as assessed using ESS was found for item 1 (sitting/reading) in Chile (r = 0.65) while the lowest item-total correlation was observed for item 6 (sitting and talking to someone) in Thailand (r = 0.35). Using both EFA and CFA a two-factor model was found for PSQI questionnaire in Chile, Ethiopia and Thailand while a three-factor model was found for Peru. For the ESS questionnaire, we noted two factors for all four countries. Overall, we documented cross-cultural comparability of sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness measures using the PSQI and ESS questionnaires among Asian, South American and African young adults. Although both the PSQI and ESS were originally developed as single-factor questionnaires, the results of our EFA and CFA revealed the multi- dimensionality of the scales suggesting limited usefulness of the global PSQI and ESS scores

  11. South Carolina Wins the Prize.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Fred

    1992-01-01

    Discusses factors involved in locating new BMW car-manufacturing plant in South Carolina. Discusses state's business environment, transportation, and education system. Describes development process, site selection, and implications for economic development. Describes importance of state's labor-force development via regional technical colleges and…

  12. South Carolina Wins the Prize.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Fred

    1992-01-01

    Discusses factors involved in locating new BMW car-manufacturing plant in South Carolina. Discusses state's business environment, transportation, and education system. Describes development process, site selection, and implications for economic development. Describes importance of state's labor-force development via regional technical colleges and…

  13. OCCUPATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR TOMORROW'S WORLD OF WORK. NUMBER 4, COMMUNITY AND JUNIOR COLLEGES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HALL, GEORGE L.

    IN THE NORTH CENTRAL REGION ALL STATES EXCEPT SOUTH DAKOTA AND WISCONSIN HAVE PUBLICLY SUPPORTED COMMUNITY AND JUNIOR COLLEGES. THESE COLLEGES ARE INSTITUTIONS WHICH OFFER LESS THAN FOUR YEARS OF POST-HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION. JUNIOR COLLEGES GENERALLY OFFER ONLY LIBERAL ARTS COURSES WHILE COMMUNITY COLLEGES ALSO PROVIDE VOCATIONAL, TECHNICAL, AND…

  14. Improving First Aid Management of Epilepsy by Trainee Teachers of the Federal College of Education (Technical), Akoka - Lagos, South West Nigeria--Can Health Education have an Effect?

    PubMed

    Eze, Christian N; Ebuehi, Olufunke M

    2013-01-01

    lt is estimated that epilepsy affects approximately 50 million people worldwide and about 40 million of them live in developing countries. Studies have indicated high rates of poor knowledge, negative attitude and poor first aid management skills of students with epilepsy among practicing teachers. However, there is paucity of such studies on trainee teachers to ascertain any similarities or differences (if any) and the effect of educational interventions. To determine the effect of a health education intervention on trainee teachers' knowledge, attitude and first aid management of epilepsy. The effect of a health education intervention in first aid management of epilepsy was assessed among 226 trainee teachers, attending the Federal College of Education (Technical), Akoka. This was done using a quasi-experimental study design. Data were analyzed using the SPSS version 15. The respondents had a median age of 22 years with a range of 18 to 56 years. The majority of them were females (68.6%), single (79.2%), Christians (81.9%), Yoruba (70.4%) and in first year (100 level) of their study (69.9%). The highest proportion was from the Accounting department (46.0%). A consistent increase in responses to items on knowledge, attitude and first aid management of epileptic seizure items from baseline to post-intervention was observed. For instance, the proportion of responses that epileptic seizures originate from the brain significantly (p = 0.025) increased from 62.5% at baseline to 74.1% after intervention. Generally, slightly more than two-fifths (44.2%) and about two thirds (61.9%) of the respondents were observed to have poor knowledge and negative attitude to epilepsy respectively at baseline. Overall, giving health education on epilepsy led to a reduction in the proportion of respondents with poor knowledge by 15.5% (increase of good knowledge by 29.6%), decrease of negative attitude by 16.4% and increase of good first aid management skill by 25.0%. The knowledge

  15. EPA Regional Administrator Highlights the Benefits of Reducing Food Waste in South Bend

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    (SOUTH BEND, IND. - November 5, 2015) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Regional Administrator Susan Hedman joined South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg today at Ivy Tech Community College's culinary school to highlight the benefits of diverting food waste fr

  16. South Pole

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-11-02

    As spring progresses at the south pole, the surface reacts to the change of season. This image from NASA 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft shows a region of the south pole that is monitored throughout spring, summer, and fall at the south pole.

  17. Ocean Global Warming Impacts on the South America Climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramos-Da-Silva, Renato

    2016-03-01

    The global Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Model (OLAM) model was used to estimate the impacts of the global oceanic warming on the climate projections for the 21st Century focusing on the South America region. This new model is able to represent simultaneously the global and regional scales using a refining grid approach for the region of interest. First, the model was run for a 31-year control period consisting on the years 1960-1990 using the monthly Sea Surface Temperature (SST) from the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP) data as a driver for the ocean fluxes. Then, the model was run for the period 2010-2100 using the monthly projected SST from the Hadley Center model (HadCM3) as a driver for the oceanic changes. The model was set up with an icosahedral triangular global grid having about 250 km of grid spacing and with a refining grid resolution with the cells reaching about 32 km over the South America region. The results show an overall temperature increase mainly over the center of the Amazon basin caused by the increase of the greenhouse effect of the water vapor; a decrease on precipitation mainly over the northeast Brazil and an increase in the south and over the western Amazon region; and a major increase on the near surface wind speed. These results are similar to the global coupled models; however, OLAM has a novel type of grid that can provide the interaction between the global and regional scales simultaneously.

  18. When everyone goes to college: the causal effect of college expansion on earnings.

    PubMed

    Choi, Seongsoo

    2015-03-01

    In this study, we estimate the causal effect of college expansion on earnings using the example of South Korea in the 1990s where the college enrollment rate increased from just over thirty percent to over eighty percent over a fifteen years period. We compare the pre-expansion cohort and the post-expansion cohort in order to identify those who would attend college because of the expansion but would not attend otherwise (compliers). We, then, estimate compliers' earnings gain from the college expansion relative to the earnings changes of two control groups: those who either would or would not go to college regardless of college expansion (always-takers and never-takers). We find a striking gendered pattern; for men, the earnings return to college expansion is moderate and mostly driven by the increasing skill price, whereas, for women, the return is significantly large even net of the skill price change.

  19. College Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sauls, Samuel J.

    As with commercial stations, the underlying premise of the college radio station is to serve the community, whether it be the campus community or the community at large, but in unique ways often geared to underserved niches of the population. Much of college radio's charm lies in its unpredictable nature and constant mutations. The stations give…

  20. Navigating College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arum, Richard

    2016-01-01

    Students moving from high school to college in the United States typically confront a bewildering set of largely unstructured options. In the absence of clear signals about how to get the most out of college, they often choose pathways that involve limited academic rigor and engagement. In this article, Richard Arum describes a study that followed…

  1. Navigating College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arum, Richard

    2016-01-01

    Students moving from high school to college in the United States typically confront a bewildering set of largely unstructured options. In the absence of clear signals about how to get the most out of college, they often choose pathways that involve limited academic rigor and engagement. In this article, Richard Arum describes a study that followed…

  2. Electoral College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Joel K.

    1996-01-01

    Examines one of the least understood institutions of U.S. politics, the Electoral College. Discusses the historical circumstances resulting in its creation as well as the current structure and membership. Provides arguments for and against continuation of the Electoral College. (MJP)

  3. Is Community College Really College?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankenship, Mark

    2011-01-01

    There are a lot of misconceptions when it comes to community college. The general population appears to believe that because the tuition per credit hour is incredibly cheaper than that of the average university, students are receiving a "discounted," "cheap," "rip-off" education. Top community college students struggle against the mistaken…

  4. Is Community College Really College?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankenship, Mark

    2011-01-01

    There are a lot of misconceptions when it comes to community college. The general population appears to believe that because the tuition per credit hour is incredibly cheaper than that of the average university, students are receiving a "discounted," "cheap," "rip-off" education. Top community college students struggle against the mistaken…

  5. 13. Photocopy of photograph (original in Documents Collection, College of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Photocopy of photograph (original in Documents Collection, College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley, CA) Circa 1910, photographer unknown VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST - Howard B. Gates House, 62 South Thirteenth Street, San Jose, Santa Clara County, CA

  6. 14. INTERIOR DETAIL, FIRST FLOOR OF ADDITION AT SOUTH WALL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. INTERIOR DETAIL, FIRST FLOOR OF ADDITION AT SOUTH WALL OF TOILET ROOM, SHOWING ORNATE PAINTED RADIATOR AND TONGUE AND GROOVE WAINSCOTING. - Mills Hall, Mills College, 5000 MacArthur Boulevard, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  7. College Drinking

    MedlinePlus

    ... standard drink is one that contains about 14 grams of pure alcohol, which is found in: » 12 ... environmental-level interventions that work together to maximize positive effects. Strong leadership from a concerned college president, ...

  8. Hamilton College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudy, Julia

    1989-01-01

    A description of Hamilton College's campus computing environment looks at the planning and management of information technology, computing services, the telephone network, faculty and student computing, and computer applications in the library. (MSE)

  9. A Glimpse into a State Technical College System's POS Pathways

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frazier, Stephanie D.; Swygert, N. Maria

    2012-01-01

    The South Carolina Technical College System (SCTCS) has embraced POS, providing students across the state with pathways into careers ranging from nuclear systems technology to health care to industrial technology. The SCTCS has strived, over the last 50 years, to foster a bridge between business and education. The colleges coordinate and…

  10. The Evolution of a Technical College Regional Library Network

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erb, Rachel A.

    2008-01-01

    The South Carolina Information and Library Services Consortium (SCILS) began with three public two-year college libraries in 1995. Since then, nine other public two-year college libraries have joined SCILS. In 2004, Sirsi's buyout of Data Research Associates (DRA) in 2001 was the impetus for SCILS to migrate to Sirsi. Migration to a more dynamic…

  11. Bearings on the Future: The Tidewater Community College Strategic Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tidewater Community Coll., Norfolk, VA.

    This document describes strategic planning at Tidewater Community College (TCC) (Virginia). The TCC strategic plan is the culmination of two years of intensive discussions among the college faculty, students, and board members, as well as the members of the South Hampton Roads community at large. This plan comprises three sections. The first…

  12. Annual Report of the South Carolina Commission on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, Columbia.

    The South Carolina Commission on Higher Education submits its report on significant events of the last year and reports briefly on the following: (1) enrollment information for the colleges and universities; (2) establishment of the Student Intern Program of S.C. designed to utilize qualified college and university students on specific projects of…

  13. Black Students Enrolled in White Colleges and Universities: Their Attitudes and Perceptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Larry G.

    A sample of 2,564 black college students attending 19 predominantly white colleges in the south were surveyed to determine their attitudes and opinions about their institutions. The students were generally female, under 21 years of age, single, and enrolled full-time. The survey focused on four areas: campus life and activities, college choice,…

  14. "Por Los Ojos De Madres": Latina Mothers' Understandings of College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cortez, Laura Jean; Martinez, Melissa Ann; Sáenz, Victor B.

    2014-01-01

    In this study, data from six focus groups with 30 Latina mothers in South Texas were analyzed utilizing a "funds of knowledge" approach to uncover their understandings of college readiness and their role in ensuring their children are college ready. Findings indicate that Latina mothers perceived college readiness in a holistic fashion,…

  15. The Academy for Community College Leadership Advancement, Innovation, and Modeling (ACCLAIM): Abstract.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh. Academy for Community Coll. Leadership Advancement, Innovation, and Modeling.

    The Academy for Community College Leadership, Innovation, and Modeling (ACCLAIM) is a 3-year pilot project funded by the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, North Carolina State University (NCSU), and the community college systems of Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. ACCLAIM's purpose is to help the region's community colleges assume a…

  16. The Electoral College in 1988: A Model for Nationwide Campus Simulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Charles T.

    The use of an electoral college simulation model by college students is described. At least 16 students should participate to represent four geographical regions: the Northeast, the South, the Midwest, and the West. The electoral college simulation is most relevant in courses on American politics, the United States presidency, and elections.…

  17. Toward the Twenty-First Century. Public Supported Academic Libraries and the State Library in South Dakota. Report of a Study-Team. Publication 87-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Nancy; And Others

    This report documents the findings of a study that examined library and information services in South Dakota's state-supported academic libraries, the first such study conducted in 15 years. The state library and six schools--University of South Dakota, South Dakota State University, Black Hills State College, Dakota State College, Northern State…

  18. Standards Feedback Report. South Carolina Course Alignment Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Policy Improvement Center (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report, prepared for the South Carolina Commission on Higher Education by the Educational Policy Improvement Center (EPIC), provides a final list of recommended college readiness reference standards to be used as part of the South Carolina Course Alignment Project (SCCAP). The purpose of these standards is to serve as a common reference point…

  19. "Old Library." Photo no. 567. South front, library, looking northeast ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    "Old Library." Photo no. 567. South front, library, looking northeast across the lawn. Original print is a 5x7" enlargement from a 35mm negative. No other marks. - San Bernardino Valley College, Library, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  20. South Layers

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2006-05-20

    This MOC image shows remnants of layered materials near the west rim of South Crater, Mars. The composition of these layered rocks is unknown -- are they the remains of sedimentary rocks or accumulations of dust and ice?

  1. College education

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Criswell, David R.

    1990-01-01

    Space Grant Colleges and Universities must build the space curriculum of the future on the firm basis of deep knowledge of an involvement with the present operating programs of the nation and an on-going and extensive program of leading edge research in the aerospace sciences and engineering, management, law, finance, and the other arts that are integral to our planetary society. The Space Grant College and Fellowship Program must create new academic fields of enquiry, which is a long and difficult process that will require deeper and broader interaction between NASA and academia than has previously existed.

  2. An Evaluation of a College Reading Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, A. J.

    A college reading improvement program (CRIP) at the University of South Florida was examined to determine if it was of benefit to the participating students. Sixty-five freshmen took part in the 15-week program which used individually planned programs and different methods and materials. Pretesting had shown these 65 students to be significantly…

  3. Changing the Culture of a College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorringe, Richard; And Others

    1994-01-01

    The purpose of this collection of eight essays is to demonstrate some of the ways in which the culture of British colleges of further education are being consciously changed to meet the demands of the 21st century. The essays are: (1) "Change Where Contrasting Cultures Meet," (Will Bridge) which examines the experiences of South Thames…

  4. When Legacies Are a College's Lifeblood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Elizabeth F.

    2007-01-01

    Every other summer, Sewanee: the University of the South invites a handful of prospective students to take an exclusive tour of its campus and surroundings, in Tennessee. This special treatment is reserved for "legacy" students. Sewanee, like many other small private colleges, aggressively recruits prospective students whose parents, grandparents,…

  5. OASES: Public Library/Community College Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Paul L.; Gilliland, J. Richard

    1977-01-01

    Describes the Open Access Satellite Educational Services (OASES) project, which was designed to increase continuing education services, encourage adult educational participation, and create a replicable model of cooperative services by combining the resources of South Oklahoma City Junior College and the Oklahoma County Libraries System. (RT)

  6. The Community College of the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terrey, John N.

    An overview is provided of the challenges facing community colleges due to the shift from a global society shaped by political philosophies to a society shaped by economic powers. Introductory comments are followed by a description of recent changes in the world community, including the rise of Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and…

  7. Massively Parallel Nanostructure Assembly Strategies for Sensing and Information Technology. Phase 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-25

    Approach to a Desk Top Fab,” (2010). 13. Gordon Research Conference on Noble Metal Nanoparticles, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley , MA; Alexander M...of Circulating Cancer Cells” (2012). 65. UCLA Hawthorne Lectureship, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA; “‘Artificial Atoms

  8. Interview with Beverly Daniel Tatum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ries, Eric

    1999-01-01

    Beverly Daniel Tatum, child psychologist and a dean at Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts, who has written about racial-identity development in teens and its impact in the classroom, argues that straight talk about race is essential and that racism affects everyone. (JOW)

  9. College Studying.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nist, Sherrie L.; Simpson, Michele

    2002-01-01

    Notes that many students enter postsecondary institutions unprepared to meet the studying demands placed on them. Examines models and taxonomies that have guided researchers as they have investigated studying. Reviews research factors related to studying at the college level: course characteristics, learner characteristics, and learning…

  10. College Valuations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Using the data published by "Boston" magazine and the New England Board of Higher Education's "2016 Guide to New England Colleges & Universities," Marc Rubin examined higher education institutions (HEIs) prices, defined as tuition and plus fees, as a function of several independent factors including: (1) Percentage of…

  11. College Valuations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Using the data published by "Boston" magazine and the New England Board of Higher Education's "2016 Guide to New England Colleges & Universities," Marc Rubin examined higher education institutions (HEIs) prices, defined as tuition and plus fees, as a function of several independent factors including: (1) Percentage of…

  12. College Studying.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nist, Sherrie L.; Simpson, Michele

    2002-01-01

    Notes that many students enter postsecondary institutions unprepared to meet the studying demands placed on them. Examines models and taxonomies that have guided researchers as they have investigated studying. Reviews research factors related to studying at the college level: course characteristics, learner characteristics, and learning…

  13. College Drinking - Changing the Culture

    MedlinePlus

    ... Strategies Read More about college aim NIAAA College Materials College-related materials from NIAAA. Fact Sheet on College Drinking (2015) ... Research Update: What Colleges Need to Know Now Materials from the NIAAA College Task Force (2002) Historical ...

  14. Initiated by the south. South - South Cooperation.

    PubMed

    Parsons, J S

    1993-12-01

    The UNFPA Deputy Chief of the Asia and Pacific Division explains how relations between representatives of developing countries to the South have often been less than congenial and how efforts have been made to smooth the way for greater cooperation between neighbors in the region. President Soeharto of Indonesia at a G-15 submeeting of Non-Aligned Countries in Malaysia in 1990 made the first overtures to his peers. He offered to work more closely with other interested countries economically and in terms of technical assistance. Prime Minister Von Van Kiet of Vietnam took him up on his offer and visited the President in Indonesia in January 1992 to discuss family planning issues. The subsequent assistance rendered by Indonesia to Vietnam in developing its family planning program was unique in bilateral relations in the region in that it was initiated by the nonaligned countries without outside interference. The author thinks that the UNFPA should play a facilitating role financially and organizationally in what may be the beginning of a trend toward greater South-South cooperation. Any help which developing countries could render to other developing nations will certainly be appreciated in this period of waning resources from developed countries for international population programs. The author also argues that service quality in donor countries is likely to improve.

  15. 13. VIEW SOUTH, ROUTE 130 SOUTH FROM ROUTE 130 SOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. VIEW SOUTH, ROUTE 130 SOUTH FROM ROUTE 130 SOUTH ISLAND - White Horse Pike Rond Point, Intersection of Crescent Boulevard (U.S. Route 130), White Horse Pike (U.S. Route 30), & Clay Avenue, Collingswood, Camden County, NJ

  16. Minding Our "P's" and "Q's": Indications of Productivity and Quality in South Carolina's Public Colleges and Universities. Reports on Act 255 of 1992 and Summary Report on Institutional Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, Columbia.

    The reports in this document assess the effectiveness of South Carolina's public postsecondary institutions for the 1995-96 academic year. Ten tables provide data as required by Act 255 on accreditation, graduation rates, percent change in enrollment, sources of undergraduate degrees, transfers, and professional examination rates. Summary reports…

  17. The Community College Option

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenbaum, James E.; Ahearn, Caitlin; Rosenbaum, Janet

    2016-01-01

    Efforts to promote college for all for all has opened college doors to a broad range of students. But college--and career success after college--doesn't have to mean a bachelor's degree. Community college credentials, such as associate's degrees and one-year certificates, can lead to further degrees or jobs that offer more benefits than students…

  18. The Community College Option

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenbaum, James E.; Ahearn, Caitlin; Rosenbaum, Janet

    2016-01-01

    Efforts to promote college for all for all has opened college doors to a broad range of students. But college--and career success after college--doesn't have to mean a bachelor's degree. Community college credentials, such as associate's degrees and one-year certificates, can lead to further degrees or jobs that offer more benefits than students…

  19. Onset and withdrawal of the large-scale South Asian monsoon: A dynamical definition using change point detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walker, Jennifer M.; Bordoni, Simona

    2016-11-01

    We introduce an objective definition for onset and withdrawal of the South Asian summer monsoon (SASM), based on the large-scale atmospheric moisture budget. The change point (CHP) index allows precise characterization of the different stages and timescales of the large-scale SASM and is highly correlated with the local operational index, the monsoon onset over Kerala. The CHP-based onset and withdrawal dates, which capture the expected seasonal transitions in rainfall and winds, correspond with regime changes in the SASM moisture budget between negative and positive net precipitation. Climatological composites reveal that the seasonal transitions in SASM sector mean precipitation and circulation closely resemble those of the zonal mean Hadley circulation. The CHP index at grid points within the SASM domain yields a robust definition of local onset and withdrawal dates, which are well correlated with the large-scale index on interannual timescales, providing insight into the regional variability of the SASM.

  20. [South] Korea.

    PubMed

    1987-04-01

    The Republic of Korea occupies approximately 38,000 square miles in the southern position of a mountaineous peninsula. It shares a land boundary with North Korea. With a population of more than 40 million people, South Korea has 1 of the highest population densities in the world. The language spoken is a Uralic language, closely akin to Japanese, Hungarian, Finnish, and Mongolian, and the traditional religions are Shamanism and Buddhism. Over the course of time, South Korea has been invaded and fought over by its neighbors. The US and the Soviet Union have never been able to reach a unification agreement for North and South Korea. The 3rd Republic era, begun in 1963, saw a time of rapid industrialization and a great deal of economic growth. The 5th Republic began with a new constitution and new elections brought about the election of a president to a 7-year term of office beginning in 1981. Economic growth has been remarkable over the last 25 years despite the fact that North Korea possesses most of the mineral and hydroelectric resources and the existing heavy industrial base built by the Japanese while South Korea has the limited agricultural resources and had, initially, a large unskilled labor pool. Serious industrial growth began in South Korea in the early 1960s and the GNP grew at an annual rate of 10% during the period 1963-78. Current GNP is now, at $2000, well beyond that of its neighbors to the north. The outlook for longterm growth is good; however, the military threat posed by North Korea and the absence of foreign economic assistance has resulted in Korea spending 1/3 of its budget on defense. South Korea is active in international affairs and in the UN. Economic realities have forced Korea to give economics priority in their foreign policy. There has been an on-again, off-again quality to dialogue between the 2 nations. However, the US is committed to maintaining peace on the Korean peninsula. In order to do so, they have supplied manpower and

  1. South Africa

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This true-color image of South Africa was acquired on May 14, 2000, by NASA's Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, or MODIS. The image was produced using a combination of the sensor's 250-m and 500-m resolution visible wavelength bands. As part of the opening ceremony to begin the joint U.S.-South Africa SAFARI Field Experiment, NASA presented print copies of this image as GIFts to Dr. Ben Ngubane, Minister of Arts, Science and Technology, and Honorable Advocate Ngoaka Ramathlodi, Premier of the Northern Province, South Africa. The area shown in this image encompasses seven capital cities and a number of the region's distinctive geological features can be seen clearly. Toward the northern (top) central part of the image, the browns and tans comprise the Kalahari Desert of southern Botswana. The Tropic of Capricorn runs right through the heart of the Kalahari and the Botswanan capital city of Gaborone sits on the Limpopo River, southeast of the Kalahari. Along the western coastline of the continent is the country of Namibia, where the Namib Desert is framed against the sea by the Kaokoveld Mountains. The Namibian capital of Windhoek is obscured by clouds. Looking closely in the center of the image, the Orange River can be seen running from east to west, demarcating the boundary between Namibia and South Africa. On the southwestern corner of the continent is the hook-like Cape of Good Hope peninsula and Cape Town, the parliamentary capital of South Africa. Running west to east away from Cape Town are the Great Karroo Mountains. The shadow in this image conveys a sense of the very steep grade of the cliffs along the southern coast of South Africa. Port Elizabeth sits on the southeasternmost point of South Africa, and a large phytoplankton bloom can be seen in the water about 100 miles east of there. Moving northward along the east coast, the Drakensberg Mountains are visible. The two small nations of Lesotho and Swaziland are in this region, completely

  2. Estimating the Economic Impact of a College or University on a Nonlocal Economy. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Troy

    This study presents an expanded methodology for economic impact analysis to measure the impact of a community college, South Plains College (SPC), Texas, on a specified nonlocal economy. The research had four parts. First an economic impact study was conducted for SPC and its impact on the local economy of Hockley County, where the college is…

  3. A Comparison of Levels of Satisfaction Regarding Human Resource Development among Employees of North Arkansas Community/Technical College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockton, James J.

    In July 1993, Twin Lakes Technical College and North Arkansas Community College merged to form the North and South Campuses, respectively, of North Arkansas Community-Technical College (NACTC). A study was undertaken to compare the institutional climate for human resource development (HRD) at the two campuses to determine the effects, if any, of…

  4. Interpersonal guilt in college student pathological gamblers

    PubMed Central

    Locke, Geoffrey W.; Shilkret, Robert; Everett, Joyce E.; Petry, Nancy M.

    2013-01-01

    Background Interpersonal guilt is associated with psychopathology, but its relationship to pathological gambling has not been studied. Objectives This study examined the relationship between interpersonal guilt and pathological gambling. Methods In total, 1,979 college students completed a questionnaire containing the South Oaks Gambling Screen, Interpersonal Guilt Questionnaire, and questions about substance use. Students identified as pathological gamblers (n = 145) were matched to non-problem gamblers with respect to demographics and substance use. Results Pathological gamblers had significantly higher interpersonal guilt than their non-problem gambling peers. Conclusions and Scientific Significance Pathological gambling college students have excessive interpersonal guilt, and these findings may lead to novel treatment approaches. PMID:22746179

  5. Qualitative content analysis of suicidal ideation in Korean college students.

    PubMed

    Jo, Kae-Hwa; An, Gyeong Ju; Sohn, Ki-Cheul

    2011-01-01

    The suicide rate for ages 15-24 increased recently in South Korea. The purpose of this study was to understand the suicidal ideation using the qualitative content analysis in South Korean college students. The data were collected with non-structured open questions in 134 college students and were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The collected materials were classified 2 categories, 6 themes, and 21 theme clusters. Two categories are emerged: (1) facilitators of suicidal ideation, and (2) inhibitors of suicidal ideation. This study identified that the facilitators of suicidal ideation are physical, psychological and societal concerns, and suggested that the inhibitors of suicidal ideation are influenced by religious and cultural context. These results presented that Buddhism and Confucianism had influence on reasons to not attempting suicide behavior as the inhibitor of suicidal ideation. In conclusion, cultural context should be considered to develop strategies for the suicide prevention in South Korean college student.

  6. Beacon College Project Directory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Lynn, Ed.

    The American Association of Community Colleges' Beacon College Project (BCP) uses funds from the Kellogg Foundation to award two-year grants to "Beacon" community colleges to form consortia with at least five associate colleges, designed to improve a specific aspect of institutional life. A total of 26 projects, many involving community…

  7. Financing of Tribal Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Laughlin, Jeanie

    In addition to higher education programs, tribal colleges offer welfare-to-work programs, adult education, vocational and agricultural training, and childcare, which makes their costs higher than those of conventional colleges. Most tribal colleges are small, resulting in higher than average per student costs. Tribal colleges charge an average of…

  8. Five Colleges: Five Histories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Story, Ronald, Ed.

    This book presents essays on the histories of five Massachusetts schools of higher education (Amherst College, Mount Holyoke College, the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Smith College, Hampshire College) who together have had a successful consortia lasting for 25 years. The first essay, by Theodore P. Greene, depicts the temper of Amherst…

  9. College Student Suicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

    2013-01-01

    Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

  10. College Student Suicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

    2013-01-01

    Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

  11. Planning Makes College Possible.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belmont, Jean

    Written by a college financial aid administrator, this booklet is intended to help parents of younger children plan and prepare for the financial aspects of college education. After an introductory chapter, Chapter II lists current and projected (year 2000) costs at the most expensive colleges and at New York City colleges. Chapter III presents…

  12. Frederick Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haney, L. Richard; McClellan, Debralee

    2009-01-01

    Frederick Community College (FCC) is a comprehensive open-door community college that serves the citizens of Frederick County, Maryland, the state's largest county by size and seventh in population (230,000). It is located in central Maryland, equidistant from Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The college's character as a learning college is…

  13. Small Colleges, Big Missions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, W. A., Jr., Ed.

    This monograph by the members of the American Association of Community Colleges' Commission on Small and/or Rural Community Colleges shares small and rural community college experiences. In "Leaders through Community Service," Jacqueline D. Taylor provides a model for how small and rural community colleges can be involved in building leaders…

  14. The Future College Executive.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boston Coll., Chestnut Hill, MA.

    This conference report examines various problems facing university administrators and discusses the future role of the executive in American colleges and universities. Conference papers concern the future college executive; efficiency, accountability and the college executive; administrative concerns; and the rights of college administrators. (MJM)

  15. Five Colleges: Five Histories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Story, Ronald, Ed.

    This book presents essays on the histories of five Massachusetts schools of higher education (Amherst College, Mount Holyoke College, the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Smith College, Hampshire College) who together have had a successful consortia lasting for 25 years. The first essay, by Theodore P. Greene, depicts the temper of Amherst…

  16. External College Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Ben K.

    This report presents the results of a community survey which attempted to determine the demand for another college in the Los Angeles Community College District. The function of this "community campus" or "external college" would be to serve members of the community who are not already served by the eight existing colleges. Questionnaires received…

  17. ACT and College Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bleyaert, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    What is the relationship between ACT scores and success in college? For decades, admissions policies in colleges and universities across the country have required applicants to submit scores from a college entrance exam, most typically the ACT (American College Testing) or SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test). This requirement suggests that high school…

  18. College Student Migration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenske, R. H.; And Others

    This study examines the background characteristics of two large national samples of first-time enrolled freshmen who (a) attended college within their state of residence but away from their home community, (b) migrated to a college in an adjacent state, (c) migrated to a college in a distant state, and (d) attended college in their home community.…

  19. Eligible & Ready for College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conley, David T.

    2010-01-01

    Many students who are "eligible" for college are not "ready" for college. Readiness is much more complex and multidimensional than eligibility. Most high schools are organized to make students eligible for college admission, not make them ready to succeed in entry-level college courses. Over the past 15 years, the author has conducted research on…

  20. Tower details, sheet 16. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Tower details, sheet 16. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium Building. Clock and finial details; tower roof plan. G. Stanley Wilson, Architect, A.I.A., Riverside, California. Sheet 16, job no. 692. Various scales. July 15, 1937. Application no. 1446, approved by the State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Architecture, July 24, 1937. - San Bernardino Valley College, Auditorium, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  1. Plot plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium building. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Plot plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium building. G. Stanley Wilson, Architect, A.I.A., Riverside, California. Sheet 1, job no. 692. Scale 1 inch to forty feet. March 27, 1936. Application no. 1446, approved by the State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Architecture, April 22, 1936. - San Bernardino Valley College, Auditorium, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  2. Detail of proscenium opening. San bernardino Valley Union Junior College, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of proscenium opening. San bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium Building. Details of corbels and soffit; lettering detail for frieze. G. Stanley Wilson, Architect, A.I.A., Riverside, California. Sheet W.P.A. 2, job no. 692. Scale 3/4 inch to the foot. May 18, 1937. (no state stamp. - San Bernardino Valley College, Auditorium, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  3. Sections. Ceiling plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Sections. Ceiling plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium Building. G. Stanley Wilson, Architect, A.I.A., Riverside, California. Sheet 9, job no. 692. Scale 1/8 inch to the foot. March 27, 1936. Application no. 1446, approved by the State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Architecture, April 22, 1936. - San Bernardino Valley College, Auditorium, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  4. Second floor plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Second floor plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium Building. G. Stanley Wilson, Architect, A.I.A., Riverside, California. Sheet 4, job no. 692. Scale 1/8 inch to the foot. March 27, 1936. Application no. 1446, approved by the State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Architecture, April 22, 1936. - San Bernardino Valley College, Auditorium, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  5. Basement plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium building. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Basement plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium building. G. Stanley Wilson, Architect, A.I.A., Riverside, California. Sheet 2, Job no. 692. Scale 1/8 inch to the foot. March 27, 1936. Application no. 1446, approved by the State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Architecture, April 22, 1936. - San Bernardino Valley College, Auditorium, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  6. Details of main entrance. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Details of main entrance. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Classics Building. Half elevation of exterior iron gates, half plan of interior with tiling, and section AA. Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 5, job no. 312. Scale 1/2 inch to the foot. February 15, 1927. - San Bernardino Valley College, Classics Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  7. West elevation. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Science Building. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    West elevation. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Science Building. Also includes plan of entrance, section EE showing tiling and typical transom design, and a full size detail of a door jamb for inside concrete walls. Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 7, job no. 311. Scale 1.2 inch to the foot. February 15, 1927. - San Bernardino Valley College, Life Science Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  8. East and west elevations. San Berardino Valley Union Junior College, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    East and west elevations. San Berardino Valley Union Junior College, Science Building. Also includes elevations and sections of chemistry department shelving. Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 4, Job no. 311. Scales 1/8 inch to the foot (elevations) and 1/2 inch t other foot (shelving). February 15, 1927. - San Bernardino Valley College, Life Science Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  9. Foundation plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Library Building. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Foundation plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Library Building. Also includes sections A through MM. Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 1, job no. 315. Scales 1/8 inch to the foot (plan) and 1/2 inch to the foot (sections). No date given on sheet (probably March or April, 1927). - San Bernardino Valley College, Library, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  10. East and west elevations. San Berardino Valley Union Junior College, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    East and west elevations. San Berardino Valley Union Junior College, Library Building. Also includes miscellaneous full size details. Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 4, Job no. 315. Scales 1/8 inch to the foot (elevations). No date given on sheet (probably March or April, 1927). - San Bernardino Valley College, Library, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  11. Foundation plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Classics Building. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Foundation plan. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Classics Building. Also includes sections AA-KK (except DD). Howard E. Jones, Architect, San Bernardino, California. Sheet 1, job no. 312. Scales 1/8 inch to the foot (plan) and 1/2 inch to the foot (sections). February 15, 1927. - San Bernardino Valley College, Classics Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  12. Elevations. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium Building. West, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Elevations. San Bernardino Valley Union Junior College, Auditorium Building. West, south, east elevations, elevation of loggia, areaway railing detail. G. Stanley Wilson, Architect, A.I.A., Riverside, California. Sheet 7, job no. 692. Scales 1/8 inch to the foot (elevations) and 3/4 inch to the foot (detail). March 27, 1936. Application no. 1446, approved by the State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Architecture, April 22, 1936. - San Bernardino Valley College, Auditorium, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  13. Personal Qualities and College Admissions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willingham, Warren W.; Breland, Hunter M.

    The extent to which personal and academic factors are important in college admission decisions was studied in 1978, based on data on 25,000 applicants to 9 colleges (Colgate University, Williams College, Ohio Wesleyan University, Kenyon College, Kalamazoo College, Occidental College, Hartwick College, University of Richmond, and Bucknell…

  14. Snapshots of Maryland Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Board for Community Colleges, Annapolis.

    These statistical profiles of 17 Maryland community colleges were prepared for use by the executive and legislative branches of the Maryland state government. The 17 colleges profiled are Allegany Community College, Anne Arundel Community College, Community College of Baltimore, Catonsville Community College, Cecil Community College, Charles…

  15. The Twelve College Cost-Quality Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinsey & Co., Inc., Washington, DC.

    Twelve colleges participated in a cost quality study. These colleges were: Allegheny College, Bryn Mawr College, Buchnell University, Carnegie-Mellon University, Chatham College, Dickinson College, Franklin and Marshall College, Gettysburg College, Haverford College, Lafayette College, Lehigh University, and Swarthmore College. The study is an…

  16. U. S. Maritime Interests in the South Atlantic. Appendix 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-10-01

    Harlan Ullman (the National War College) and other members of the study group. In his formal presentation, Professor Kemp offered the following...the South Atlantic was aptly demonstrated during World War II. Of considerable relevance to the current issue of the security of commercial...During the post- war period and until 1967, the South Atlantic received virtually no significant attention. However, growth in traffic passing through

  17. A Survey of African American College Students: Reactions to the Terrorist Acts of September 11, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Cecil

    A survey instrument was developed to identify the impact the World Trade Center and the Pentagon bombings of September 11, 2001, had on African American college students attending an Historically Black College-University (HBCU) in the South. The survey was administered to 136 students 8 days after the bombings in an effort to gain insight into…

  18. How Are Community, Technical, and Junior Colleges Putting Technology to Work for Their Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeHart, A. Robert; And Others

    1987-01-01

    In these four technology-related articles, Robert DeHart examines uses of satellite technology; Jack Pirkey describes televised instruction at Tarrant County Junior College (Texas); Baxter Hood focuses on occupational curriculum development at York Technical College (South Carolina); and Richard Schinoff considers computer-based student services…

  19. Colleges Respond to Decline: Resistance versus Application. Issues in Higher Education, No. 17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mingle, James R.; Norris, Donald M.

    Experiences of the 1970s and prospects for the 1980s of colleges that had undergone enrollment decline and/or financial cutbacks were surveyed, based on visits to 20 colleges and universities in 11 states in the Northeast, Midwest, and South. Some of the strategies to resist and overcome decline have potential for success in a wide range of…

  20. Effects on Reading Achievement in Developmental Education: Computer Assisted Instruction and the College Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lang, William Steve; Brackett, Elizabeth Jane

    A study measured the effectiveness of the computerized remedial reading program at Spartanburg Methodist College (South Carolina), and scrutinized potential instruments that might be used for placement and for exiting the program. Subjects were 48 college freshmen enrolled in a remedial reading class which consisted of 60% computer assisted…

  1. Validation of Reasons for Living and Their Relationship with Suicidal Ideation in Korean College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Yuri; Oh, Kyung Ja

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the validity of reasons for living (RFL) and the protective role they may play against suicidal ideation in college students in South Korea. A total of 277 undergraduate students participated by completing the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CS-RFL), along with measures of suicide risk including…

  2. Validation of Reasons for Living and Their Relationship with Suicidal Ideation in Korean College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Yuri; Oh, Kyung Ja

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the validity of reasons for living (RFL) and the protective role they may play against suicidal ideation in college students in South Korea. A total of 277 undergraduate students participated by completing the College Student Reasons for Living Inventory (CS-RFL), along with measures of suicide risk including…

  3. Native American Racial Identity Development and College Adjustment at Two-Year Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Joshua C.

    2009-01-01

    In this study, a series of simultaneous multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between racial identity development and college adjustment for a sample of 76 Choctaw community college students in the South. Results indicated that 3 of the 4 racial identity statuses (dissonance, immersion-emersion, and…

  4. "Eve Did No Wrong": Effective Literacy at a Public College for Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, David

    2009-01-01

    In this article, I test claims made about rhetorical education for women in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by examining Florida State College for Women (FSCW), one of eight public women's colleges in the South. I recover the voices of instructors and students by looking both at the interweaving strands of literature, journalism,…

  5. Gender Differences in the Relationship between Drinking Motives and Drinking Behaviors among Korean College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Jounghwa; Lee, Sun Young; Kwon, Myung Soon

    2017-01-01

    College drinking is an important public health issue in many countries, especially in South Korea. This study aims to explore drinking motives and their relationship with drinking behaviors and drinking outcomes among Korean college students (N = 553). Utilizing a Web-based survey, this study found some similarities and differences relative to…

  6. Exploring the Academic Achievement and Career Aspirations of College-Bound and Postsecondary Zulu Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Steven B.; Wallis, Amy Birtel; Dunston, Kwesi T.

    2003-01-01

    This article reports on a qualitative approach used to identify developmental and contextual factors associated with academic success and career aspirations of 13 Black Zulu South African students transitioning into college or in their first year of college. Students were queried on their aspirations and values, definitions of success, and…

  7. Native American Racial Identity Development and College Adjustment at Two-Year Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Joshua C.

    2009-01-01

    In this study, a series of simultaneous multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between racial identity development and college adjustment for a sample of 76 Choctaw community college students in the South. Results indicated that 3 of the 4 racial identity statuses (dissonance, immersion-emersion, and…

  8. "Eve Did No Wrong": Effective Literacy at a Public College for Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, David

    2009-01-01

    In this article, I test claims made about rhetorical education for women in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by examining Florida State College for Women (FSCW), one of eight public women's colleges in the South. I recover the voices of instructors and students by looking both at the interweaving strands of literature, journalism,…

  9. The Black Community and the Community College: Action Programs for Expanding Opportunity. A Project Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA. Inst. for Higher Educational Opportunity.

    A three-year project to investigate black student utilization of the public community college in the South began with a year-long study of the attitudes of black students enrolled in high schools and junior colleges in five communities. Trained interviewers talked at length with approximately 400 students and with teachers, parents, and community…

  10. Moving in Darkness: Back to the Future at Crown Woods College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yarker, Patrick; Benn, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    At the end of July 2011 "The Guardian" reported on the recently opened Crown Woods College in Eltham, South-East London. The College had been rebuilt on the site of the previous Crown Woods School with 50 million pounds of funding via the Building Schools for the Future project. Its nine buildings include four "mini-schools",…

  11. Positioning the College for the 21st Century, 1999-2004.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Midlands Technical Coll., Columbia, SC.

    This 1999-2004 strategic planning report by Midlands Technical College (MTC, South Carolina) includes summaries of college vision, statement of values, and mission statement as well as ten institutional goals with accompanying priority initiatives by which to accomplish those goals. As part of an outcomes-based assessment process to measure…

  12. Using Emerging Technology To Improve Instruction in College Transfer English and English as a Second Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bentley, Judith; Bourret, Roger

    After a new course in computer-aided writing was implemented at South Seattle Community College (SSCC), in Washington, a group of instructors met to evaluate the possibility of applying computer-aided instructional tools to the teaching of writing in College Transfer (CT) and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses at SSCC. For CT courses, the…

  13. Moving in Darkness: Back to the Future at Crown Woods College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yarker, Patrick; Benn, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    At the end of July 2011 "The Guardian" reported on the recently opened Crown Woods College in Eltham, South-East London. The College had been rebuilt on the site of the previous Crown Woods School with 50 million pounds of funding via the Building Schools for the Future project. Its nine buildings include four "mini-schools",…

  14. Helping Latina/o Students Navigate the College Choice Process: Considerations for Secondary School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Melissa A.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study utilized interviews with 20 Latina/o high school seniors and five secondary school counselors in South Texas to further understand how counselors help Latina/o students navigate their college choice process. Findings indicate counselors provided students with access to college information and facilitated university…

  15. Fast and Slow Responses of the South Asian Monsoon System to Anthropogenic Aerosols

    SciTech Connect

    Ganguly, Dilip; Rasch, Philip J.; Wang, Hailong; Yoon, Jin-Ho

    2012-09-25

    Using a global climate model with fully predictive aerosol life cycle, we investigate the fast and slow responses of the South Asian monsoon system to anthropogenic aerosol forcing. Our results show that the feedbacks associated with sea surface temperature (SST) change caused by aerosols play a more important role than the aerosol's direct impact on radiation, clouds and land surface (rapid adjustments) in shaping the total equilibrium climate response of the monsoon system to aerosol forcing. Inhomogeneous SST cooling caused by anthropogenic aerosols eventually reduces the meridional tropospheric temperature gradient and the easterly shear of zonal winds over the region, slowing down the local Hadley cell circulation, decreasing the northward moisture transport, and causing a reduction in precipitation over South Asia. Although total responses in precipitation are closer to the slow responses in general, the fast component dominates over land areas north of 25°N. Our results also show an east-west asymmetry in the fast responses to anthropogenic aerosols causing increases in precipitation west of 80°E but decreases east of it.

  16. Mechanism of ENSO influence on the South Asian monsoon rainfall in global model simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joshi, Sneh; Kar, Sarat C.

    2017-02-01

    Coupled ocean atmosphere global climate models are increasingly being used for seasonal scale simulation of the South Asian monsoon. In these models, sea surface temperatures (SSTs) evolve as coupled air-sea interaction process. However, sensitivity experiments with various SST forcing can only be done in an atmosphere-only model. In this study, the Global Forecast System (GFS) model at T126 horizontal resolution has been used to examine the mechanism of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) forcing on the monsoon circulation and rainfall. The model has been integrated (ensemble) with observed, climatological and ENSO SST forcing to document the mechanism on how the South Asian monsoon responds to basin-wide SST variations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The model simulations indicate that the internal variability gets modulated by the SSTs with warming in the Pacific enhancing the ensemble spread over the monsoon region as compared to cooling conditions. Anomalous easterly wind anomalies cover the Indian region both at 850 and 200 hPa levels during El Niño years. The locations and intensity of Walker and Hadley circulations are altered due to ENSO SST forcing. These lead to reduction of monsoon rainfall over most parts of India during El Niño events compared to La Niña conditions. However, internally generated variability is a major source of uncertainty in the model-simulated climate.

  17. Fast and slow responses of the South Asian monsoon system to anthropogenic aerosols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganguly, Dilip; Rasch, Philip J.; Wang, Hailong; Yoon, Jin-ho

    2012-09-01

    Using a global climate model with fully predictive aerosol life cycle, we investigate the fast and slow responses of the South Asian monsoon system to anthropogenic aerosol forcing. Our results show that the feedbacks associated with sea surface temperature (SST) change caused by aerosols play a more important role than the aerosol's direct impact on radiation, clouds and land surface (rapid adjustments) in shaping the total equilibrium climate response of the monsoon system to aerosol forcing. Inhomogeneous SST cooling caused by anthropogenic aerosols eventually reduces the meridional tropospheric temperature gradient and the easterly shear of zonal winds over the region, slowing down the local Hadley cell circulation, decreasing the northward moisture transport, and causing a reduction in precipitation over South Asia. Although total responses in precipitation are closer to the slow responses in general, the fast component dominates over land areas north of 25°N. Our results also show an east-west asymmetry in the fast responses to anthropogenic aerosols causing increases in precipitation west of 80°E but decreases east of it.

  18. U.S. Regional Agricultural Production in 2030 and 2095: Response to CO2 Fertilization and Hadley Climate Model (HadCM2) Projections of Greenhouse-Forced Climatic Change

    SciTech Connect

    NJ Rosenberg; RC Izaurralde: RA Brown

    1999-11-19

    Research activities underway to evaluate potential consequences of climate change and variability on the agriculture, water resources, and other U.S. sectors were mandated by the Global Change Research Act of 1990. These activities are being carried out in a public-private partnership under the guidance of the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have been using integrated assessment methodologies to appraise the possible impacts of global warming and climatic variability on the behavior of managed and natural systems. This interim PNNL report contributes to the U.S. National Assessment process with an analysis of the modeled impacts of climatic changes projected by the Hadley/UKMO (HadCM2) general circulation model on agricultural productivity and selected environmental variables. The construction of climatic data for the simulation runs followed general guidelines established by the U.S. National Assessment Synthesis Team. The baseline climate data were obtained from national records for the period 1961 - 1990. The scenario runs for two future periods (2025 - 2030 and 2090 - 2099) were extracted from results of a HadCM2 run distributed at a half-degree spatial resolution. The Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC) was used to simulate the behavior of 204 "representative farms" (i.e., soil-climate-management combinations) under baseline climate, the two future periods and their combinations with two levels of atmospheric C02 concentrations (365 and 560 ppm). Analysis of simulation results identified areas in Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and California that would experience large temperature increases by 2030. Slight cooling is expected by 2030 in parts of Alabama, Florida, Maine, Montana, Idaho, and Utah. Larger areas will experience increased warming by 2095. Uniform precipitation increases are expected by 2030 in the north eastern quarter of the country. These uniform precipitation

  19. The Effects of High School Track Choice on Students' Postsecondary Enrollment and Majors in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shim, Woo-jeong; Paik, Sunhee

    2014-01-01

    In South Korea, college-bound students are divided into two tracks: "Munka" (??) and "Yika" (??), and this tracking ("Munka-Yika" tracking; MY tracking) considerably influences students' choice of college majors and future careers. This study aims to examine how MY tracking and other factors influence students'…

  20. Nature and Dynamics of Industry-Based Workplace Learning for South African TVET Lecturers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Bijl, Andre; Taylor, Vanessa

    2016-01-01

    This article reports on the findings of an industry workplace experience project involving lecturers in South Africa's technical and vocational education and training (TVET) colleges, against the backdrop of new legislation and the realization that college lecturers' industry-related skills are in question. Its focus is on the nature of TVET…

  1. South Carolina's Gardner: Self-Appointed Spokesman for the 'Largest Educational Minority'--Freshmen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Elizabeth

    1987-01-01

    At the University of South Carolina, John Gardner directs University 101, a three-credit course designed to teach freshmen some basic "college survival skills," such as study techniques, constructive ways to relate to peers and professors, and how to use career center. In the last few years, it has been copied by hundreds of colleges in…

  2. Nature and Dynamics of Industry-Based Workplace Learning for South African TVET Lecturers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Bijl, Andre; Taylor, Vanessa

    2016-01-01

    This article reports on the findings of an industry workplace experience project involving lecturers in South Africa's technical and vocational education and training (TVET) colleges, against the backdrop of new legislation and the realization that college lecturers' industry-related skills are in question. Its focus is on the nature of TVET…

  3. South Carolina's Gardner: Self-Appointed Spokesman for the 'Largest Educational Minority'--Freshmen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Elizabeth

    1987-01-01

    At the University of South Carolina, John Gardner directs University 101, a three-credit course designed to teach freshmen some basic "college survival skills," such as study techniques, constructive ways to relate to peers and professors, and how to use career center. In the last few years, it has been copied by hundreds of colleges in…

  4. Assessment of Resources for Training Prospective Teachers in Business Education at the Colleges of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okoro, James

    2014-01-01

    This study assessed Resources for Training Prospective Teachers in Business Education at the colleges of Education at South South Nigeria. Business Teacher Education programmes are set up to produce competent teachers for the secondary schools and skilled labour force for the private sector. These products of Business Education programme at the…

  5. Assessment of Resources for Training Prospective Teachers in Business Education at the Colleges of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okoro, James

    2014-01-01

    This study assessed Resources for Training Prospective Teachers in Business Education at the colleges of Education at South South Nigeria. Business Teacher Education programmes are set up to produce competent teachers for the secondary schools and skilled labour force for the private sector. These products of Business Education programme at the…

  6. Proceedings of the International Best of Both Worlds Conference (Pretoria, South Africa, March 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains the proceedings of the International Best of Both Worlds Conference presented by the University of South Africa, Vista University, and the South African College of Education. Papers include: (1) "A Strategy for the Implementation of Environmental Education in the Intermediate and Secondary School Phases in South…

  7. Community Service Learning as Democratic Education in South Africa and the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendel-Reyes, Meta; Weinstein, Jeremy

    1996-01-01

    Describes development of the first community service-learning program for democratic education in South Africa, based on the Swarthmore College (Pennsylvania) Democracy Education Project at a black high school near Capetown (South Africa). Notes that successful transposition of the model requires recognition of complex historical and cultural…

  8. Short Course in South Asian Literature and Culture. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad 1994 (India).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shlensky, Jane

    This syllabus describes a college course developed to address South Asian literature and culture with a focus on India. Suggestions for student readings and discussion, oral communication, listening, writing, and field trips are included. The empires of South Asia, its religions, social stratification, parallels of history and religion with the…

  9. Prepared in Mind and Resources? A Report on Public Higher Education in South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alacbay, Armand; Poliakoff, Michael

    2011-01-01

    In 2011, South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley signed into law the South Carolina Higher Education Efficiency and Administrative Policies Act, maintaining the transparency and accountability that lead to increased academic quality and affordability at colleges and universities. It is in this context that ACTA (American Council of Trustees and…

  10. [South] Yemen.

    PubMed

    1989-12-01

    Yemen has an area of 112,000 square miles, the terrain is mountainous in the interior, and has a flat and sandy coast. The climate is extremely hot with little rainfall. 2.2 million is the population level with an annual growth rate of 2.6%. The ethnic background is Arab, the religion is Islam and the language is Arabic. 50 years is the average life expectancy and the infant mortality rate is 142/1000. The labor force is 42% agriculture, fisheries, industry and commerce 31%, and services 27%. A republic formed in 1967, the government has a constitution approved in 1978. They have 1 party, the Yemeni Socialist Party with a executive presidium, a supreme people's council and a federal high court. Natural resources include oil and fish, and agricultural products are cotton, hides, skins, and coffee. In 1962 the Federation of South Arabia was formed and a treaty was signed in 1959 for independence by 1968. There was much turmoil from 1967 until 1986 when Haydar Bakr Al-Attus gained power, and there are still strong internal rivalries. The economy has been concentrated in the city of Aden, and with the loss of tourist trade in 1967, and closing of the British base, it has declined by more than 20% by 1968. Attempts are being made to build roads, fisheries, villages, a power plant, and agriculture and irrigation projects.

  11. College Transition Programs for Community College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haugen, Douglas E.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past four decades the number of students enrolling in colleges and universities requiring at least one pre-college level course has been about one-third of all students. Underprepared students are as likely to complete their academic goals as their prepared counterparts if they are able to complete their remedial course work. This study…

  12. College Affordability: Implications for College Opportunity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perna, Laura W.; Li, Chunyan

    2006-01-01

    By examining trends in college affordability, this article explores the extent to which the public perception that college is not affordable is justified. First, the article describes trends in national indicators that contribute to ability to pay, including income growth, health care costs, debt burden, and personal savings rates. Trends in…

  13. College Transition Programs for Community College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haugen, Douglas E.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past four decades the number of students enrolling in colleges and universities requiring at least one pre-college level course has been about one-third of all students. Underprepared students are as likely to complete their academic goals as their prepared counterparts if they are able to complete their remedial course work. This study…

  14. State College Readiness Initiatives and Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spence, David

    2009-01-01

    Greater attention to the college and career readiness problem by state leaders and policymakers could drastically boost the numbers and percentages of students who graduate from high school ready for college and career study. This chapter traces the author's work in developing California State University's Early Assessment Program, an initiative…

  15. Spartanburg Technical College 1998 Work Force Development Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinley, John W.; Cantrell, Jo Ellen

    The 1998 Work Force Development Study focuses on Spartanburg Technical College's (STC's) (South Carolina) role in preparing new workers and training/retraining the current workforce. Surveys were mailed to employers in business and industry--the response rate was 10%. In addition, a series of focus groups, including various business, industry,…

  16. Trident Technical College 1998 Graduate Follow-Up.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.

    Presents the results of South Carolina's Trident Technical College's (TTC's) 1998 graduate follow-up survey report of 915 TTC graduates. Graduates were surveyed and results were obtained for the following items: graduate goals, employment, placement rates, graduates in related fields, when job were obtained, job finding methods, job locations, job…

  17. Trident Technical College 1999 Graduate Follow-Up Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trident Technical Coll., Charleston, SC.

    Presents the results of South Carolina's Trident Technical College's (TTC's) 1999 graduate follow-up survey report. Graduates were surveyed and results were obtained for the following items: graduate goals, employment, placement rates, graduates in related fields, when job obtained, job finding methods, job locations, job satisfaction, job…

  18. Preparing for College: A Planning Guide for Junior High Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Dakota State Dept. of Education and Cultural Affairs, Pierre.

    This booklet identifies the minimum entrance requirements necessary for college admission in South Dakota's public universities and recommends specific content for each course in the curriculum, as well as additional experiences and skills that would smooth the transition to a higher education course. The following topics, targeted to students…

  19. STEM E-Mentoring and Community College Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gregg, Noel; Wolfe, Gerri; Jones, Stephanie; Todd, Robert; Moon, Nathan; Langston, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    This article reports the findings from a qualitative study to understand the provision of electronic mentoring (e-mentoring) to support the educational persistence of students with disabilities at a two-year college in a large city in the U.S. South. Building upon a five-year project at three postsecondary institutions and three secondary school…

  20. College/Career Centers: Counselors Successfully at Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, John M.; Woodall, Michael V.

    1994-01-01

    Describes on-campus College/Career Resource Centers (CCRCs) designed to help students in the Lexington Two school district in West Columbia, South Carolina, identify the higher educational institution of their choice and to search for the funds to afford that opportunity. Presents graphic picture of success story of parents and students working…

  1. Mediating Effects of Relationships with Mentors on College Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenz, A. Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between student adjustment to college and relational health with peers, mentors, and the community. Data were collected from 80 undergraduate students completing their first semester of course work at a large university in the mid-South. A series of simultaneous multiple regression analyses indicated that…

  2. A Historian Will Lead a Community College in the Bronx

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangan, Katherine

    2009-01-01

    In July 2009, Felix V. Matos Rodriguez will take over as president of Hostos Community College of the City University of New York, which in 1970 opened in a converted tire factory in the South Bronx to educate members of a primarily Puerto Rican community. Like Mr. Matos Rodriguez, who moved to the mainland United States at age 18, many of those…

  3. What American Colleges Can Learn from the Finns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casey, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    As large as Finland is small, as rich in natural resources as Finland is not, bordered by smaller, peaceable nations to the north and south and large oceans to the east and west, nobody has ever come to America and forced its people to rename and reorganize their colleges and universities--or, for that matter, to do anything else. Americans are…

  4. An Experiment in Outsourcing at the College of Charleston Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bielsky, Katherine

    1997-01-01

    An experiment at the College of Charleston (South Carolina) library examined whether using Blackwell's Library of Congress Machine Readable Cataloging with books without the CIP upgrading would be worthwhile in terms of cataloging productivity and efficiency; it also looked at additional costs involved with the CIP upgrading. (AEF)

  5. A Historian Will Lead a Community College in the Bronx

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangan, Katherine

    2009-01-01

    In July 2009, Felix V. Matos Rodriguez will take over as president of Hostos Community College of the City University of New York, which in 1970 opened in a converted tire factory in the South Bronx to educate members of a primarily Puerto Rican community. Like Mr. Matos Rodriguez, who moved to the mainland United States at age 18, many of those…

  6. College Bookshops Go Downtown.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Audrey Y.

    2001-01-01

    Describes how some small-college bookstores are relocating off-campus in an effort to increase profits and help revive flagging downtown business districts. Such a move can help fight competition in the $10.1-billion college bookstore industry, especially as more chains take over the operation of college bookstores and online booksellers carve out…

  7. The American Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Arthur M.; Brawer, Florence B.

    This monograph provides a comprehensive overview of community college education in the United States. Chapter I reviews the social forces that contributed to the development and expansion of community colleges and the continuing changes in institutional purposes. The changing patterns of community college student characteristics are the focus of…

  8. College Access Marketing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tremblay, Christopher W.

    2011-01-01

    College Access Marketing (CAM) is a relatively new phenomenon that seeks to positively influence the college-going rate. This report defines CAM, describes CAM examples, and discusses how CAM seeks to counter barriers to college. It explores four main elements of CAM: information, marketing, advocacy, and social mobilization. Further, it…

  9. Community Colleges Online

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Corinne; Persaud, Colin

    2013-01-01

    Presently, community colleges are bursting at the seams. In 2011, community colleges turned away more than 400,000 prospective students. In the next six years, 63 percent of all U.S. jobs will require postsecondary education. Twenty two million new workers with postsecondary degrees will be needed by 2018. Community colleges are turning…

  10. American Indian Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    One Feather, Gerald

    With the emergence of reservation based community colleges (th Navajo Community College and the Dakota Community Colleges), the American Indian people, as decision makers in these institutions, are providing Indians with the technical skills and cultural knowledge necessary for self-determination. Confronted with limited numbers of accredited…

  11. Prometheus College Bound.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austell, David B., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    Reports on interviews conducted to assess the status of humanities instruction in North Carolina's community colleges. Includes Dallas Herring's reflections on the establishment and growth of the state's community college system. Summarizes interviews with central office representatives and two-year college managers concerning the mission and…

  12. Community College Periodicals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pederson, Eldor O.

    Drawing from an examination of community college periodicals, their availability and characteristics, the academic affiliations of contributing authors, and the topics of their articles, this paper discusses the minor role which community college periodicals appear to play. A list of 35 periodicals dealing primary with community college education…

  13. College Access Marketing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tremblay, Christopher W.

    2011-01-01

    College Access Marketing (CAM) is a relatively new phenomenon that seeks to positively influence the college-going rate. This report defines CAM, describes CAM examples, and discusses how CAM seeks to counter barriers to college. It explores four main elements of CAM: information, marketing, advocacy, and social mobilization. Further, it…

  14. What Is College for?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delbanco, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    What is college for? There are basically three prevailing answers to this question. The most common answer is an economic one, though it is really two linked answers: first, that providing more people with a college education is good for the economic health of the nation; and second, that going to college is good for the economic competitiveness…

  15. COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NIKITAS, CHRISTUS M.; AND OTHERS

    TO MEET THE STATE'S HIGHER EDUCATION NEEDS, THE NEW HAMPSHIRE JUNIOR COLLEGE COMMISSION DEVELOPED A PLAN OF (1) GRADUAL AND SELECTIVE CONVERSION OF THE STATE'S TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS TO COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES, (2) SELECTIVE ADDITION OF 2-YEAR PROGRAMS AT THE STATE COLLEGES AND INSTITUTES, AND (3) ESTABLISHMENT OF A STATE…

  16. Special Report: College Housing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramson, Paul

    2003-01-01

    Responses of chief housing officers of 118 4-year colleges and universities to a survey focusing on costs, security, policies, and preferences provide a picture of college housing. More than 67% of respondents say that their colleges are planning to build more residential space. (SLD)

  17. Can Colleges Really Collaborate?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Edwin H.

    2008-01-01

    Seven small private colleges in three states have found a way to reduce their administrative technology costs and expand their technological capability at the same time. They have done it by choosing the common-sense, yet unconventional, college and university strategy of genuine collaboration. The result, the Independent College Enterprise (ICE),…

  18. Early College High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2011-01-01

    For at-risk students who stand little chance of going to college, or even finishing high school, a growing number of districts have found a solution: Give them an early start in college while they still are in high school. The early college high school (ECHS) movement that began with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 10 years ago…

  19. Leasing the College Store.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Richard M.

    1986-01-01

    A survey of college administrators responsible for supervising college stores found that three factors are strongly considered in deciding whether to lease the college store: available management skills, service orientation, and financial resources. It also found that private and public institutions and large and small institutions rank the…

  20. Financing Community Colleges, 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wattenbarger, James L.; Stepp, William F.

    The fourth in a series of analytical studies of the financing of community colleges in the United States, this report provides information for the 38 states which accounted for more than 95% of the total Fall 1978 community college enrollment. Data indicate that allocation of funds to community colleges still follows four traditional patterns and…

  1. The College Handbook 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Board, New York, NY.

    This directory is intended to provide students and their advisors with authoritative information on 3,171 colleges and universities in the United States as well as supplementary information. The information was gathered in the winter and spring of 1992 through the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges with descriptions subsequently verified…

  2. The College Promise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgeon, Julie

    2009-01-01

    College fees and tuition are rising--430 percent since 1982. Student borrowing for college has more than doubled since 1998, and about 50 percent of lower-income students head to college following high school, compared to 80 percent of high-income students, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Various public school districts…

  3. Early College High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2011-01-01

    For at-risk students who stand little chance of going to college, or even finishing high school, a growing number of districts have found a solution: Give them an early start in college while they still are in high school. The early college high school (ECHS) movement that began with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 10 years ago…

  4. Prometheus College Bound.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austell, David B., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    Reports on interviews conducted to assess the status of humanities instruction in North Carolina's community colleges. Includes Dallas Herring's reflections on the establishment and growth of the state's community college system. Summarizes interviews with central office representatives and two-year college managers concerning the mission and…

  5. 84. South Oregon St., 621 (residential), south and east facades, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    84. South Oregon St., 621 (residential), south and east facades, facade on right is South Oregon St., and facade on left is on Fifth Ave. - South El Paso Street Historic District, South El Paso, South Oregon & South Santa Fe Streets, El Paso, El Paso County, TX

  6. Africa South of the Sahara: A Guide to Reference Sources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Mary, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography has been compiled as an introduction to reference resources for college-level African studies and to suggest useful tools for literature searches. It is a guide to materials in the library of McGill University. Call numbers are included. The titles cited refer to Africa South of the Sahara as a whole or to large…

  7. 16. INTERIOR DETAIL, SECOND FLOOR OF ADDITION AT SOUTH WALL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. INTERIOR DETAIL, SECOND FLOOR OF ADDITION AT SOUTH WALL OF TOILET ROOM, SHOWING LARGER, DIFFERENT STYLE RADIATOR THAN AT FIRST FLOOR, AND TONGUE AND GROOVE WAINSCOTING WITH WOOD CAP TRIM. - Mills Hall, Mills College, 5000 MacArthur Boulevard, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  8. South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract, 2014. 36th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armour, Mim, Ed.

    2014-01-01

    The South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract is a comprehensive, single-source compilation of tables and graphs which report data frequently requested by the Governor, Legislators, college and university staff, other state government officials, and the general public. The 2014 edition of the Statistical Abstract marks the 36th year of…

  9. South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract, 2015. 37th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armour, Mim, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    The South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract is a comprehensive, single-source compilation of tables and graphs which report data frequently requested by the Governor, Legislators, college and university staff, other state government officials, and the general public. The 2015 edition of the Statistical Abstract marks the 37th year of…

  10. South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract, 2005. 27th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Stephanie, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    The South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract is a comprehensive, single-source compilation of tables and graphs which report data frequently requested by members of the coordinating board, staffs of colleges and universities, the legislature, state government officials and the general public. The Abstract includes glossary, figures and…

  11. South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract, 2007. 29th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Stephanie, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    The South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract is a comprehensive, single-source compilation of tables and graphs which report data frequently requested by members of the coordinating board, staffs of colleges and universities, the legislature, state government officials and the general public. The Abstract includes glossary, figures and…

  12. South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract, 2006. 28th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Stephanie, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    The South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract is a comprehensive, single-source compilation of tables and graphs which report data frequently requested by members of the coordinating board, staffs of colleges and universities, the legislature, state government officials and the general public. The Abstract includes glossary, figures and…

  13. Regional University Access: A Case Study from the South West.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eversole, Robyn

    A study examined university service delivery in an isolated, inland region of south Western Australia. Surveys, focus groups, and interviews with students and former students found that many pre-university youths leave the area because education is only offered through year 10. Therefore, college students in the area tend to be mature-aged. Key…

  14. THE NEGRO AND HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE SOUTH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GODARD, JAMES M.; AND OTHERS

    THIS STATEMENT BY THE SOUTHERN REGIONAL EDUCATION BOARD'S COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY RECOMMENDS THAT EDUCATIONAL LEADERS IN THE REGION AIM FOR PROVIDING EQUAL HIGHER EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR NEGROES IN THE SOUTH. THREE MEASURES ARE ESSENTIAL TO THE REALIZATION OF THIS GOAL--(1) IMMEDIATE STEPS TO HELP NEGRO COLLEGE STUDENTS…

  15. Geo-Strategic Context: South Asia, A National Security Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-02-27

    ARCHIVE COPY NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY NATIONAL WAR COLLEGE GEO-STRATEGIC CONTEXT SOUTH ASIA, A NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY MS Youngeun ... Anderson and Captain D Craig Wellmg/Class of 1998 Course 5604 Seminar I FACULTY SEMINAR LEADER CAPT J Kelso 27 February 1998 78-E-54 c-. I Report

  16. Africa South of the Sahara: A Guide to Reference Sources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Mary, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography has been compiled as an introduction to reference resources for college-level African studies and to suggest useful tools for literature searches. It is a guide to materials in the library of McGill University. Call numbers are included. The titles cited refer to Africa South of the Sahara as a whole or to large…

  17. ACT Profile Report: State. Graduating Class 2016. South Dakota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2016

    2016-01-01

    This report provides information about the performance of South Dakota's 2016 graduating seniors who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors; and self-reported at the time of testing that they were scheduled to graduate in 2016. Beginning with the Graduating Class of 2013, all students whose scores are college reportable, both standard and…

  18. ACT Profile Report: State. Graduating Class 2016. South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2016

    2016-01-01

    This report provides information about the performance of South Carolina's 2016 graduating seniors who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors; and self-reported at the time of testing that they were scheduled to graduate in 2016. Beginning with the Graduating Class of 2013, all students whose scores are college reportable, both standard…

  19. South Carolina Higher Education Statistical Abstract. Tenth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, Columbia.

    Information on higher education in South Carolina is presented in statistical form. The focus is on 10-year analysis of full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollments by level; 10-year analysis of headcount enrollments by level; 10-year analysis of headcount enrollments, technical colleges; 1987 opening fall enrollments; 1987 opening fall enrollments,…

  20. Undernutrition among children in South and South-East Asia.

    PubMed

    Pasricha, Sant-Rayn; Biggs, Beverley-Ann

    2010-09-01

    Undernutrition remains a major public health problem among children living in Asia. Although the burden is maximal among poorer, rural and Indigenous communities, the problem affects the majority in many Asian countries, especially in South Asia. In order to prevent the pervasive consequences of undernutrition, strategies that address this burden are required. Successful implementation of strategies may be limited by the complex aetiology of undernutrition, including the political setting. Rising food insecurity because of climate change, land use for biofuel production and the recent global financial crisis threaten to exacerbate childhood malnutrition. In this review, we describe the burden of undernutrition among Asian children and discuss contributing factors and potential solutions. © 2010 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2010 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

  1. Will the South Asian monsoon overturning circulation stabilize any further?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krishnan, R.; Sabin, T. P.; Ayantika, D. C.; Kitoh, A.; Sugi, M.; Murakami, H.; Turner, A. G.; Slingo, J. M.; Rajendran, K.

    2013-01-01

    Understanding the response of the South Asian monsoon (SAM) system to global climate change is an interesting scientific problem that has enormous implications from the societal viewpoint. While the CMIP3 projections of future changes in monsoon precipitation used in the IPCC AR4 show major uncertainties, there is a growing recognition that the rapid increase of moisture in a warming climate can potentially enhance the stability of the large-scale tropical circulations. In this work, the authors have examined the stability of the SAM circulation based on diagnostic analysis of climate datasets over the past half century; and addressed the issue of likely future changes in the SAM in response to global warming using simulations from an ultra-high resolution (20 km) global climate model. Additional sensitivity experiments using a simplified atmospheric model have been presented to supplement the overall findings. The results here suggest that the intensity of the boreal summer monsoon overturning circulation and the associated southwesterly monsoon flow have significantly weakened during the past 50-years. The weakening trend of the monsoon circulation is further corroborated by a significant decrease in the frequency of moderate-to-heavy monsoon rainfall days and upward vertical velocities particularly over the narrow mountain ranges of the Western Ghats. Based on simulations from the 20-km ultra high-resolution model, it is argued that a stabilization (weakening) of the summer monsoon Hadley-type circulation in response to global warming can potentially lead to a weakened large-scale monsoon flow thereby resulting in weaker vertical velocities and reduced orographic precipitation over the narrow Western Ghat mountains by the end of the twenty-first century. Supplementary experiments using a simplified atmospheric model indicate a high sensitivity of the large-scale monsoon circulation to atmospheric stability in comparison with the effects of condensational heating.

  2. Prevalence of food allergies in South Asia.

    PubMed

    Arakali, Schweta R; Green, Todd D; Dinakar, Chitra

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the published medical literature on the prevalence and types of food allergies in South Asia. A PubMed search was performed using the keywords India and food allergy, Asia and food allergy, and South Asia and food allergy for any period. Articles cited in selected studies were reviewed for their appropriateness of inclusion into this review. Publications were included that were original research and fit the topic of food allergy and South Asia. South Asia is defined as region inclusive of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. A total of 169 articles were initially identified, and 47 were reviewed in detail for inclusion in this review. The primary focus was placed on 10 studies that consisted of case reports of newly reported or documented food allergy, survey studies that investigated food allergy prevalence in specific demographics, and prospective and cross-sectional studies with case controls, all of which investigated food allergy prevalence by allergy testing in a selected population. The medical literature on the prevalence and types of food allergy in South Asia indicates that there is a variety of unusual and unique allergens and an overall low incidence of food allergy. There is also an association of increased food allergy prevalence in individuals who live in metropolitan regions or who migrate to communities that have adopted westernization. Copyright © 2016 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Public versus Private Colleges: Political Participation of College Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lott, Joe L., II.; Hernandez, Jose; King, Joe P.; Brown, Tiffany; Fajardo, Ismael

    2013-01-01

    Using data from the Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B:93/03) of College Graduates, we use structural equation modeling to model the relationships between college major, values held in college, collegiate community service participation, and the post-college political participation of college graduates by public versus private…

  4. Public versus Private Colleges: Political Participation of College Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lott, Joe L., II.; Hernandez, Jose; King, Joe P.; Brown, Tiffany; Fajardo, Ismael

    2013-01-01

    Using data from the Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B:93/03) of College Graduates, we use structural equation modeling to model the relationships between college major, values held in college, collegiate community service participation, and the post-college political participation of college graduates by public versus private…

  5. South Fork Latrine, oblique view showing south and east sides; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    South Fork Latrine, oblique view showing south and east sides; view northwest - Fort McKinley, South Fork Latrine, West side of East Side Drive, approximately 225 feet south of Weymouth Way, Great Diamond Island, Portland, Cumberland County, ME

  6. GENERAL VIEW OF SOUTH SAN GABRIEL RIVER BRIDGE, SOUTH APPROACH, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GENERAL VIEW OF SOUTH SAN GABRIEL RIVER BRIDGE, SOUTH APPROACH, LOOKING NORTH. - South San Gabriel River Bridge, Spanning South Fork of San Gabriel River at Georgetown at Business Route 35, Georgetown, Williamson County, TX

  7. GENERAL VIEW OF SOUTH SAN GABRIEL RIVER BRIDGE, SOUTH ABUTMENT, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GENERAL VIEW OF SOUTH SAN GABRIEL RIVER BRIDGE, SOUTH ABUTMENT, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. - South San Gabriel River Bridge, Spanning South Fork of San Gabriel River at Georgetown at Business Route 35, Georgetown, Williamson County, TX

  8. New South Wales

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-16

    ... city of Sydney was clouded with smoke when more than 80 wildfires raged across the state of New South Wales. These images were captured ... at JPL December 30, 2001 - Smoke from wildfires covers New South Wales. project:  MISR ...

  9. [Aspects of the Junior College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alt, Weston M.

    This series of eight briefs on the California junior college comprises (1) an argument in favor of the name "community" over "junior" college and remarks on a college campus vs. college district and on extended-district vs. single-campus functions, (2) what makes the junior college unique and the reasons for its increasing rate…

  10. Converting Work into College Credits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Joseph A.

    1976-01-01

    The Cooperative Education Program conducted by the New Jersey Department of Labor and Industry and Thomas A. Edison College enables State labor department employees to work toward college degrees by attending free classes, taking college-level examinations for college credit, and converting work and life experiences into college credits.…

  11. Rio Grande: Ohio's "Piggyback" College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morisseau, James J.

    1973-01-01

    Describes how a newly formed community college district proposes to contract with a private 4-year college to operate the community college program. If the plans are approved, the community college district stands to avoid the heavy capital expenditures involved in setting up the program and the financial future of the private college will be…

  12. Converting Work into College Credits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Joseph A.

    1976-01-01

    The Cooperative Education Program conducted by the New Jersey Department of Labor and Industry and Thomas A. Edison College enables State labor department employees to work toward college degrees by attending free classes, taking college-level examinations for college credit, and converting work and life experiences into college credits.…

  13. "Ganas": From the Individual to the Community, and the Potential for Improving College Going in the "Land That Texas Forgot"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabrera, Nolan L.; Lopez, Patricia D.; Saenz, Victor B.

    2012-01-01

    This study explores college-going "ganas" in the South Rio Grande Valley of Texas within the context of Frierian liberatory praxis. During focus groups, current and former high school students discussed their experiences developing "ganas" regarding college going and discussed how parental support was integral to…

  14. "Ganas": From the Individual to the Community, and the Potential for Improving College Going in the "Land That Texas Forgot"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabrera, Nolan L.; Lopez, Patricia D.; Saenz, Victor B.

    2012-01-01

    This study explores college-going "ganas" in the South Rio Grande Valley of Texas within the context of Frierian liberatory praxis. During focus groups, current and former high school students discussed their experiences developing "ganas" regarding college going and discussed how parental support was integral to…

  15. Above Titan South

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-09-17

    Titan south polar vortex seems to float above the moon south pole in this Cassini spacecraft view. The vortex, which is a mass of gas swirling around the south pole high in the moon atmosphere, can be seen in the lower right of this view.

  16. New South, Old Challenges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbs, Robert

    2001-01-01

    The South's recent rapid growth has not erased its widespread poverty and low levels of human capital. The rural South remains the nation's low-income and high-poverty region, and low education levels may limit the rural South's prospects for development. Underlying social and economic conditions that depend on and reinforce a low-skill population…

  17. Latinos in the South.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Emily Elliott, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This newsletter theme issue contains five articles about the growing Latino population in the South and its impact on communities, particularly in rural areas. "Social Capital of Mexican Communities in the South" (Ruben Hernandez-Leon, Victor Zuniga) argues that, to understand and advocate for Mexican newcomer communities in the South,…

  18. Analysis of Variables to Predict First Year Persistence Using Logistic Regression Analysis at the University of South Florida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, T. E.; Herreid, C. H.

    2008-01-01

    This article presents a project intended to produce a model for predicting the risk of attrition of individual students enrolled at the University of South Florida. The project is premised upon the principle that college student attrition is as highly individual and personal as any other aspect of the college-going experience. Students make…

  19. Access & Equity... Diversity in Higher Education. South Carolina Access & Equity Statewide Program, Fiscal Year 2009-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    From 1981 to 1986 South Carolina implemented a federally mandated desegregation plan designed to: (1) enhance the State's public historically black colleges; (2) desegregate student enrollment at the State's baccalaureate degree granting public colleges and universities; and (3) desegregate faculties, staffs, and governing bodies of all public…

  20. Factors that Enable Women of South Asian and African Descent to Succeed in Leadership Positions in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamassah, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    This research study focused on the factors that enable women of South Asian and African descent to succeed as leaders in the college system. The findings were derived from online questionnaires and in-depth interviews of 16 racialized women from two Greater Toronto Area (GTA) colleges. Many factors and recommendations were shared. Some of the…

  1. Performance of multiple hydrologic models under climate change in the Yongdam Catchment, South Korea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Y.; Park, D. K.; Damtew, G. T.; Kim, Y. O.

    2016-12-01

    Hydrologic models are frequently employed when observing the effects of climate change in water resources. As with climate change research, sources of uncertainty plays a major role in the accuracy of flow projections. A source of uncertainty is the performance of the parameters for the hydrologic models applied with comparison to the observed values. This study observes the performance of multiple hydrologic models and parameter estimation under climate change scenarios for the Yongdam catchment in South Korea. A combination of three hydrologic models are observed using different calibration methods. Mode'le du Ge`nie Rural a' 4 parame'tres Journalier (GR4J), Identification of unit hydrographs and component flows from rainfall, evapotranspiration, and streamflow (IHACRES), and Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) are used with Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model version 3 regional climate model projections are compared with the observed values. Parameter estimation methods were applied and uncertainty analysis was performed. The performance of the hydrologic models were also compared through categorized flow for different phases of the hydrograph (high flow, moist flow, mid-range flow, dry flow, and low flow). This study employs the use of Seoul National University - Climate change impact Assessment for Hydrology Library, SNU-CAHL, for multi-model flow generation under climate change in the R programming language. SNU-CAHL is a library tool to automate flow generation and performance studies. AcknowledgementThis study is supposed by the Korean Ministry of Environment as "Climate Change Correspondence Program (project number: 2014001310007)".

  2. Simulated impacts of the South Atlantic Ocean Dipole on summer precipitation at the Guinea Coast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nnamchi, Hyacinth C.; Li, Jianping; Kang, In-Sik; Kucharski, Fred

    2013-08-01

    An intermediate complexity atmospheric general circulation model has been used to investigate the influence of the South Atlantic Ocean (SAO) dipole (SAOD) on summer precipitation over the Guinea Coast of West Africa. Two ensemble integrations in which idealized but realistic SAOD-type sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly is prescribed only in the SAO, and then globally are performed and inter-compared. Consistently, above (below) the average precipitation is simulated over the Guinea Coast during the positive (negative) phase of the SAOD. Comparison of the two set of experiments reveal that in its active years, the SAOD is a dominant mechanism that shapes the spatial character of summer precipitation at the Guinea coast, the global SST variability merely slightly moderate its effects. During the SAOD, cool SST anomaly in the extra-tropical SAO off the Brazil-Uruguay-Argentina coast gives rise to suppressed convection and mass divergence. In turn, the subsidence tends to amplify the sub-tropical arm of anomalous Hadley-type circulation and consequently large scale convection and mass flux convergence in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean/Gulf of Guinea region bordering on the coastal fringes of West Africa. Precipitation is therefore increased at the Guinea Coast.

  3. South Asian summer monsoon breaks: Process-based diagnostics in HIRHAM5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanf, Franziska S.; Annamalai, H.; Rinke, Annette; Dethloff, Klaus

    2017-05-01

    This study assesses the ability of a high-resolution downscaling simulation with the regional climate model (RCM) HIRHAM5 in capturing the monsoon basic state and boreal summer intraseasonal variability (BSISV) over South Asia with focus on moist and radiative processes during 1979-2012. A process-based vertically integrated moist static energy (MSE) budget is performed to understand the model's fidelity in representing leading processes that govern the monsoon breaks over continental India. In the climatology (June-September) HIRHAM5 simulates a dry bias over central India in association with descent throughout the free troposphere. Sources of dry bias are interpreted as (i) near-equatorial Rossby wave response forced by excess rainfall over the southern Bay of Bengal promotes anomalous descent to its northwest and (ii) excessive rainfall over near-equatorial Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal anchor a "local Hadley-type" circulation with descent anomalies over continental India. Compared with observations HIRHAM5 captures the leading processes that account for breaks, although with generally reduced amplitudes over central India. In the model too, anomalous dry advection and net radiative cooling are responsible for the initiation and maintenance of breaks, respectively. However, weaker contributions of all adiabatic MSE budget terms, and an inconsistent relationship between negative rainfall anomalies and radiative cooling reveals shortcomings in HIRHAM5's moisture-radiation interaction. Our study directly implies that process-based budget diagnostics are necessary, apart from just checking the northward propagation feature to examine RCM's fidelity to simulate BSISV.

  4. College and University Challenge

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This EPA's Green Power Partnership Challenge tracks and recognizes U.S. colleges and universities recognizes the largest single green power users within each participating collegiate athletic conferences.

  5. Beyond College Eligibility: A New Framework for Promoting College Readiness. College Readiness Indicator Systems Resource Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The College Readiness Indicator Systems (CRIS) initiative was developed in response to a troubling pattern: More students than ever are enrolling in college after high school, but many of them are not college ready, as evidenced by persistently low rates of college completion. The sense of urgency to close the gap between college eligibility and…

  6. Strategic Planning for Open Learning. A Study of Capital Investment and Planning Strategies for Alternative Educational Delivery at Tea Tree Gully College of TAFE (SA) and Joondalup Campus (WA).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goode, T. W.

    The planning and development phases of Tea Tree Gully College in South Australia and stage 1 of the design and construction of Joondalup Campus of North Metropolitan College in Western Australia were examined in two detailed case studies. Both are colleges of Technical and Further Education (TAFE). Strategic planning processes emerged as the most…

  7. Strategic Planning for Open Learning. A Study of Capital Investment and Planning Strategies for Alternative Educational Delivery at Tea Tree Gully College of TAFE (SA) and Joondalup Campus (WA).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goode, T. W.

    The planning and development phases of Tea Tree Gully College in South Australia and stage 1 of the design and construction of Joondalup Campus of North Metropolitan College in Western Australia were examined in two detailed case studies. Both are colleges of Technical and Further Education (TAFE). Strategic planning processes emerged as the most…

  8. Report on the Results of Site Testing to Determine National Register Eligibility for Sites 39GR32, 39GR53, 39LM33 and 39LM39, in the Lake Francis Case Area, South Dakota. Volume 1. Main Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    LABORATORY OF THE CENTER FOR WESTERN STUDIES AUGUSTANA COLLEGE, SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA 57105 ARCHEOLOGICAL CONTRACT SERIES NUMBER 29 US Army Corps of...Studies, Augustana College, 2032 So. Grange Ave., Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57105 II. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE U.S...1986. by the Archeology Laboratory, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Earlier work at these sites was assessed

  9. SURVEY OF BIBLIOGRAPHIES AND REFERENCE WORKS ON ASIA, AFRICA, LATIN AMERICA, RUSSIA, AND EAST EUROPE--AND COMPILATION OF BIBLIOGRAPHIES ON EAST ASIA, SOUTH ASIA AND AFRICA SOUTH OF THE SAHARA FOR UNDERGRADUATE LIBRARIES. INTERIM REPORT, PHASE ONE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MOREHOUSE, WARD

    THE PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT IS TO ASSIST UNDERGRADUATE LIBRARIES IN STRENGTHENING THEIR RESOURCES ON AREAS OUTSIDE THE PERIMETER OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION USUALLY GIVEN LITTLE ATTENTION BY AMERICAN COLLEGES, WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON EAST AND SOUTH ASIA AND AFRICA SOUTH OF THE SAHARA. UNDER THE PROJECT'S FIRST PHASE, A PANEL OF LIBRARY ADVISERS WAS…

  10. Facilities Policies and Procedures Manual. South Carolina Commission on Higher Education. Division of Finance, Facilities, and Statistical Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, Columbia.

    This manual outlines the policies and procedures related to the submission and review of facilities projects at South Carolina's public colleges and universities. It provides an overview of the South Carolina Commission on Higher Education's role and responsibilities and its general policy regarding permanent improvements to facilities. The report…

  11. Developing an Engaged Institution: South Dakota State University's 2+2+2 Project and American Indian Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayongo-Male, Diane; Nichols, Laurie Stenberg; Nichols, Timothy

    2003-01-01

    The authors examine South Dakota's 2+2+2 Project, a collaborative effort between South Dakota State University (SDSU) and the state's tribal colleges designed to enhance educational opportunities for American Indians, through the W. K. Kellogg Foundation's indicators of an engaged institution. Indicators include responsiveness, respect for…

  12. Examining College Writing Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncheon, Julia C.; Tierney, William G.

    2014-01-01

    Increasing postsecondary access depends in large part on enhancing underrepresented students' writing ability, or college writing readiness. However, what exactly constitutes college-level writing is not clear-cut, complicating efforts to improve secondary preparation. This article examines recent efforts to define postsecondary writing,…

  13. Latino College Completion: Michigan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  14. Latino College Completion: Massachusetts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  15. Latino College Completion: Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  16. Latino College Completion: Louisiana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  17. Latino College Completion: Missouri

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  18. Latino College Completion: Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  19. Latino College Completion: Utah

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  20. Latino College Completion: Vermont

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…