Lehman, J A; Tabbal, N; Haas, D G; Haas, A J
Patients with severe mandibular prognathism are best managed with a combined orthodontic-surgical approach. In our patients, the orthodontic treatment consisted of six to eighteen months of presurgical preparation, which in some patients may accentuate the dental deformity. This is done to provide two well-aligned dental arches that will fit accurately at surgery. The surgical procedure used was an oblique subcondylar osteotomy. This was followed by six to eight months of orthodontic treatment to complete dental alignment. Thirty patients were treated using this combined approach, with excellent results and few complications.
Kolarov, D; Just, A; Wirbelauer, C
The treatment of therapy-resistent chronic macular oedema remains a challenge. Therefore a combination therapy, consisting of medical, biological and mechanical components was assessed. A surgical treatment was performed in 35 eyes (34 patients) with chronic and therapy-resistant macular oedema, resulting from diabetic maculopathy (n = 25), vitreoretinal traction (n = 7) or following a retinal venous occlusion (n = 3). An intravitreal injection of bevacizumab was given on the day before surgery, consisting of pars plana vitrectomy with ILM peeling with Brilliant Blue G (BBG), as well as an air tamponade combined with postoperative prone positioning. The visual function and the central retinal thickness were measured in follow-up. Functionally, the visual acuity could be stabilised to an average of 0.18 and macular oedema was reduced in most patients. Anatomically, a significant reduction in central macular thickness by 193 µm (29 %), from 598 µm to 405 µm (p < 0.001), and a regression in the intraretinal cystoid changes were observed. No significant complications occurred, whereas in 6 patients additional consecutive treatment was necessary. A stabilisation of the visual acuity and an improvement in the structural retinal situation could be achieved by an elaborate combination therapy, based on a pharmacological, a biological and a mechanical approach. Long-term follow-up and consecutive supplementary treatments are necessary to ensure the functional stability. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Gormus, N; Tanyeli, O; Senaran, H; Duman, A; Solak Görmüs, Z I; Durgut, K
A 4 year-old boy was admitted to our clinic with symptoms of pain and ecchymosis in his right leg and foot after injection of benzathine penicilline. There was a localized gangrenous area at the femoral injection site. Doppler ultrasonography showed no arterial flow in the femoral artery and clear evidence of acute thrombosis of the superficial femoral and popliteal veins. Femoral arterial and venous thrombectomy and fasciotomy were performed immediately. After surgery the boy was treated by Iloprost infusion and enoxaparine. One week later necrotic changes had regressed, fasciotomies were closed and only the distal phalanx of the third toe needed amputation. Early surgical intervention and standard management combined with Iloprost infusion may help in healing the lesions by increasing extremity perfusion and may prevent extremity loss.
Kovacicova, K; Omran, N; Mandak, J
The co-incidence of lung cancer and heart disease is increasing. This can be caused by population ageing, which has more co-morbidities and most likely due to the common etiological causes of both entities, i.e. smoking, hypertension and obesity. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of simultaneously performed heart surgery and pulmonary resection in a selected group of patients. From January 2002 to December 2011 we performed in our department 1115 pulmonary resections for lung tumor. Significant heart disease requiring surgical treatment was diagnosed in 21 patients from the whole group. In 12 patients, group A; simultaneous heart surgery and lung resection procedure were performed. Group A consisted of 8 men and 4 women with the median age of 67.8 ± 5.9 years. In this group, 10 lobectomy procedures and 2 wedge resections for pulmonary metastasis were done. Nine patients underwent coronary artery revascularization, 2 patients underwent mitral valve replacement and one patient underwent tumor removal from the left atrium. In 5 patients, extracorporeal circulation (ECC) was needed, the remaining 7 patients underwent myocardial revascularization using an off-pump technique. Group B consisted of 7 men and 5 women with the age of 68.5 ± 7.4 years. Ten lobectomy procedures and 2 wedge resections were performed. The risk of simultaneously performed lung resection and cardiac surgery is not high. Despite the certain differences in clinical indicators between group A and B, the safety of simultaneous procedure, in group A, was evident. Furthermore, earlier lung resection was enabled and the eventual complications from further surgical procedure were avoided (Tab. 5, Ref. 33).
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Bahcivan, Muzaffer; Doyurgan, Onur; Urkmez, Melih; Keceligil, Hasan Tahsin
Percutaneous interventions are increasingly used in the treatment of cardiac diseases which are resistant to medical treatment. However, the complications caused by these interventions can lead to serious results. In this article, we present a case of a successful combination of interventional and surgical treatment methods, following the development of left atrial perforation during radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA), in a patient with atrial fibrillation resistant to medical treatment.
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SPUNTARELLI, M.; CECCHETTI, F.; ARCURI, L.; TESTI, D.; MELONE, P.; BIGELLI, E.; GERMANO, F.
SUMMARY Impaction of maxillary canine is a relatively frequent orthodontic anomaly which could represent fuctional and aesthetic problems for patients. Nowadays, the conventional technique to impacted canines consists of a combined orthodontic and surgical approach, aimed to guide cuspids at the center of the alveolar ridge in a stable position and surrounded by healthy hard and soft tissues. This article presents three cases studies with different combined surgical-orthodontic approaches for the treatment of infraosseous impacted canines. An impacted maxillary canine could be guided, after adequate space is created orthodontically, to the center of the ridge through an orthodontic traction directly applied to the crown of impacted cuspid. Several surgical techniques have been proposed to expose the crown of impacted tooth. Location (buccal or palatal side) of impactation and depth influence surgical approach in order to obtain best aesthetic and functional results. PMID:27555906
Chernousov, A F; Andrianov, V A; Kiladze, M A; Zaĭkina, T N
The authors discuss experience in combined gastrectomy in 206 patients with gastric carcinoma. They encountered 72 various postoperative complications which were not fatal. Fourteen patients died, which made up a total postoperative mortality of 6.8%. The most frequent and threatening complication was incompetence of the esophago-intestinal++ anastomosis, which occurred in 17 cases (8.3%) and was the cause of death of 6 patients (42.9%). The incidence of purulent and pleuropulmonary complications was 19.9 and 3.4%, respectively. Extensive lymphadenectomy was performed in combined gastrectomy in 40 cases, which accounted for 42.6% of all combined interventions. The incidence of complication was lowest in this group of patients (15%), and there were only 2 fatal outcomes (5%). The authors believe that total gastrectomy with omentectomy, splenectomy, resection of the lower esophagus, and extensive lymphadenectomy is the method of choice in surgical treatment of gastric carcinoma.
Younis, George; Reul, George J; Krajcer, Zvonimir
To present a complex case involving an infected carotid-carotid bypass graft that was successfully treated with a stent-graft and subsequent surgical removal of the infected graft. A 75-year-old woman presented with persistent purulent drainage of an infected and exposed carotid-carotid prosthetic bypass graft. Wound cultures revealed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. She was treated with appropriate intravenous antibiotic therapy without improvement in wound drainage. Because of her comorbid conditions, a decision was made to pursue endovascular revascularization of her left and right common carotid arteries (CCA), with subsequent surgical removal of the infected prosthetic graft. The patient underwent balloon angioplasty; a 7x18-mm Omnilink stent was deployed in the innominate artery and a 7x18-mm Herculink stent in the ostial left CCA. During the same procedure, the carotid-carotid bypass graft was excluded with deployment of an 8x50-mm Viabahn stent-graft in the right CCA. Several days later, the infected and now thrombosed carotid-carotid bypass graft was surgically removed, and an area of adjacent muscle was used to patch the previously excluded connection of the bypass from the right CCA. A saphenous vein patch was used to repair the defect in the left CCA. Her postoperative course was uneventful. At 1 year, the clinical and duplex examinations revealed satisfactory wound healing and patent left and right CCAs. This case indicates that a combined endovascular and surgical approach may be a safe and effective option in the treatment of carotid-carotid bypass graft infection.
Uematsu, Setsuko; Uematsu, Takashi; Furusawa, Kiyofumi; Deguchi, Toshio; Kurihara, Saburo
The impacted incisor was moved into its proper position with surgical exposure and orthodontic traction. Although apicoectomy was performed during the orthodontic treatment, the incisor showed good stability after the long retention period.
Eichberg, Daniel G; Starke, Robert M; Levi, Allan D
To analyze the endovascular, surgical, and clinical outcomes of patients with aggressive vertebral haemangiomas (VHs) treated over a 17 year period. All medical, radiological, and surgical records were reviewed retrospectively. All patients underwent follow-up evaluation for pain and neurological outcome. A total of 10 patients diagnosed with aggressive VHs causing neurologic compromise or pain underwent 13 operative procedures for tumour resection/stabilization. All but one patient underwent preoperative procedures to minimize intraoperative blood loss. Mean follow-up length was 26.3 months. Of eight patients presenting with neurological deficits, all improved postoperatively. The two patients presenting with pain reported improvement postoperatively. Two patients had new postoperative lower extremity weakness, both of which improved during follow-up. One patient experienced tumour recurrence at 1 year, requiring a second staged surgery. A second patient required a staged surgery for resection of multiple VHs. Seven patients had subtotal resections, two patients had gross total resections, and one patient had an en bloc resection of tumour. Combined preoperative embolization followed by aggressive tumour resection and spinal stabilization are safe and effective procedures for the treatment of aggressive VH causing symptomatic stenosis.
Liu Jincheng; Zhang Jinzhou Yang Jian; Zuo Jian; Zhang Jinbao; Yu Shiqiang; Chen Tao; Xu Xuezeng; Wei Xufeng; Yi Dinghua
Surgical repair and endovascular stent-graft placement are both therapies for thoracic aortic dissection. A combination of these two approaches may be effective in patients with type A dissection. In this study, we evaluated the prognosis of this combined technique. From December 2003 to December 2006, 15 patients with type A dissection were admitted to our institute; clinical data were retrospectively reviewed. Follow-up was performed at discharge and approximately 12 months after operation. Endovascular stent-graft placement by interventional radiology and surgical repair for reconstruction of aortic arch was performed in all patients. Total arch replacement for distal arch aneurysm was carried out under deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest; antegrade-selected cerebral perfusion was used for brain protection. Four patients concomitantly received a coronary artery bypass graft. Hospital mortality rate was 6.7%; the patient died of cerebral infarction. Neurological complications developed in two patients. Multi-detector-row computed tomography scans performed before discharge revealed complete thrombosis of the false lumen in six patients and partial thrombosis in eight patients. At the follow-up examination, complete thrombosis was found in another three patients, aortic rupture, endoleaks, or migration of the stent-graft was not observed and injuries of peripheral organs or anastomotic endoleaks did not occur. For patients with aortic type A dissection, combining intervention and surgical procedures is feasible, and complete or at least partial thrombosis of the false lumen in the descending aorta can be achieved. This combined approach simplified the surgical procedures and shortened the circulatory arrest time, minimizing the necessity for further aortic operation.
Sánchez-Vicente, J L; Rueda-Rueda, T; Llerena-Manzorro, L; Molina-Socola, F E; Contreras-Díaz, M; Szewc, M; Vital-Berral, C; Alfaro-Juárez, A; Medina-Tapia, A; López-Herrero, F; González-García, L; Muñoz-Morales, A
The case is presented of a 39 year-old man with a combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium, who experienced progressive visual loss and worsening of metamorphopsia. The patient underwent vitrectomy and epiretinal component peeling, with improvement in visual acuity, metamorphopsia, and retinal architecture, assessed by optical coherence tomography. Selected patients with combined hamartomas of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium may beneﬁt from surgical management. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Cohen, Joel L; Geronemus, Roy
Surgical scars are an unwanted sequela following surgical procedures. Several different treatment modalities and approaches are currently being employed to improve the cosmesis of surgical scars with each having varying degrees of success. The objective of this study was to assess the ef cacy and safety pulsed dye laser treatment, CO2 ablative fractional resurfacing, and a combined treatment with these two modalities for the cosmetic improvement of surgical scarring that occurred following the surgical removal of skin cancer from different anatomic areas. Twenty-five patients with surgical scarring most frequently on the face following recent surgical excision of skin cancer with Mohs surgery were included in this multicenter, prospective clinical study. Patients were randomized into 4 treatment arms, namely, pulsed dye laser alone, CO2 laser alone, a combined treatment with these two modalities, and CO2 ablative fractional resurfacing on the same day of surgery to half of the scar, followed by a combined treatment with the two modalities to that half of the scar. Patients in each study arm received a total of 3-4 treatments, while those patients in Arm 4 underwent an additional treatment with CO2 laser immediately after surgery. Patients were followed up at 1 and 3 months after the final treatment session. No adverse events were seen. Significant improvements in the appearance of scars were achieved in all study arms, as as- sessed by the Vancouver Scar Scale and Global Evaluation Response scales, with the best clinical outcomes seen in those scars that underwent a combination treatment. All patients reported very high satisfaction from treatment. Both pulsed dye laser treatment and CO2 ablative fractional resurfacing, when used as a monotherapy, are safe and effective in the treatment and improvement of recent surgical scarring. When both of these modalities are used in combination, however, they appear to potentially have a synergistic effect and an accelerated
The case report describes the surgical and photodynamic treatment (PDT) of an equine sarcoid in a 6-year-old gelding. A mass on the ventral prepuce, several tumours on the lateral aspect of the prepuce and one sarcoid on the front aspect of the chest were treated. For PDT, Temoporfin (Fospeg® Biolitec AG, Jena) at a concentration of 0.15mg/ml was injected locally. The subsequent irradiation was performed using a red-light laser (652nm) with an energy density of 10J/cm². The mass on the ventral aspect of the prepuce and some of the lateral tumours displayed total remission. The remaining tumours decreased in size or stopped growing.
Tangren, Christopher M; Cripe, Linda; Beekman, Robert H; Wilson, Kimberly; Inge, Thomas H
We report a case of a patient with a congenitally bicuspid aortic valve and extreme obesity who developed severe aortic stenosis. She dramatically improved after the combined use of balloon valvuloplasty and Roux en Y gastric bypass. Gastric bypass surgery has promise for patients with congenital cardiac disease whose treatment is complicated by extreme obesity.
Carditello, Antonio; Milone, Antonino; Stilo, Francesco; Mollo, Francesco; Basile, Maurizio
The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of anoplasty by mucosal advancement combined with internal sphincterotomy for the treatment of iatrogenic anal stenosis. From January 1990 to December 2000, 149 patients with post-haemorrhoidectomy anal strictures underwent internal sphincterotomy and mucosal advancement flap anoplasty. Seventy-one percent of patients were operated on under local anaesthesia by perineal block according to Marti. In 90 percent of the patients, postoperative pain was mild. No significant complications were seen. The mean hospital stay was two days. Ninety-seven percent of patients were well satisfied with the surgical result one year after operation. Current surgical options for the treatment of post-haemorrhoidectomy anal stricture are reported and the advantages of mucosal advancement flap anoplasty outlined.
As most hemangiomas and tattoos require many sessions to be cured completely by argon-laser or conventional therapy I developed a new combined surgical and laser-therapy method for large hemangiomas and tattoos. This is a three step method. First: The skin lesion is treated by argon-laser with the point by point method, developed by ourself. Second: Under local or general anaesthesia a) the hemangioma is partially excised and undermined letting only the skin which is already treated by argon-laser-beams. Than the hemangioma is exstirpated in toto, the wound closed by running intradermal sutures and a pressure bandage applied, b) the tattoo is abraded as deep as possible, draped by lyofoam. Then a pressure bandage is applied. Third: The hemangioma as well as the tattoo are treated by argon-laser-beams after the operation. This method is safe and effective, gives good results, minimal scars in the case of hemangiomas and tattoos. In this paper the method is described and some cases are illustrated by pre- and postoperational photographs.
Gavrilenko, A V; Egorov, A A; Kotov, A E; Mamukhov, A S; Molokopoĭ, S N
Analysed herein are the outcomes of surgical management of a total of 108 patients presenting with atherosclerotic alterations in the aortoiliac segment in a combination with distal-bed lesions. All patients were subdivided into 3 groups. Group One patients were subjected to surgical treatment consisting in isolated aortoiliac bypass grafting. The deep femoral artery according to the findings of the angiographic study appeared to be large and anastomosed with the popliteal artery. Group Two patients underwent simultaneously performed reconstructions on the aortofemoral segment in a combination with femoropopliteal bypass grafting above and below the knee-joint fissure. Reconstructions in Group Three patients were supplemented with indirect revascularizations of the extremities. The operations performed were represented by the following interventions: arterialization of the venous blood flow of the foot, lumbar sympathectomy, revascularizing osteotrephi nation, administration of gene-engineering complexes. The reconstructions in the aortofemoral segment in this group of patients were supplemented with indirect revascularization due to the presence of diffuse lesions of the distal-bed arteries. Analysing both immediate and remote outcomes of surgical management of these patients made it possible to compare its therapeutic efficacy in the represented groups.
Dong, Jiao-Yun; Song, Fei; Qing, Chun; Lu, Shu-Liang
To further study the mechanism of epithelization on the fascia side of the flap after surgical incision and the treatment of the negative pressure therapy. With the patients' informed consent, parts of tissue samples were obtained from a 51-year-old diabetic patient who was suffering lower extremity ulcers. The samples were processed with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and Masson trichrome staining. The keratin 19, keratin 15 and carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) were immunohistochemically detected. The results of HE staining showed that the specimen was divided into two regions, newborn area and original epithelial area. There were more inflammatory cells infiltrating in the dermis in the newborn epithelial area, compared with the original epithelial area. Cells in newborn epithelial area were more active and many dinuclear and polynuclear cells were observed in newborn epithelial area. But there were more cuticular layers and obvious rete pegs in original epithelial area. In addition, the cells with keratin 19 and CEA positive were found around hair follicle, while keratin 15 was negative. Masson trichrome staining showed that there was a lot of de novo collagen in newborn epithelial area. Epidermal cells on the fascia side of the flap could be derived from the stem cells. Negative pressure wound therapy would attract not only cells but also other elements such as growth factors, cytokines, some nutrients and extracellular matrix. With the formation of the appropriate microenvironment after debridement, the migrated cells can grow, differentiate and spread, eventually leading to the epithelization on the fascia side of the flap in diabetic foot. Copyright © 2017. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.
Morozov, D A; Pimenova, E S; Tatochenko, V K; Bakradze, M D; Gadliya, D D; Morozova, O L; Talalaev, A G
The rare combination of intestinal lymphangiectasia with malrotation of the duodenum in a child of three months of life is described. Basing on the literature review only 3 similar cases were described in the world practice. The boy with protein-losing enteropathy was examined at Moscow Scientific Centre of Children's Health. The child had vomiting, diarrhea, loss in body weight, hypoproteinemia, lymphopenia. The infectious nature of the disease was excluded. It had been suggested the Waldman desease (primary intestinal lymphangiectasia). The prognosis for such disease is unfavorable. An examination of the child was continued against the backdrop of ongoing symptomatic therapy. Complete physical examination included monitoring laboratory blood tests, X-ray examination with contrast, CT-scan, gastroduodenoscopy with biopsy of the mucosa of the small intestine. Malrotation duodenum with the recurrent mid-gut volvulus with the development of secondary intestinal lymphangiectasia was diagnosed. Modern methods of examination and multidisciplinary approach made it possible to diagnose the case. Operation to eliminate fixation duodenum resulted in the recovery of the patient. At the present time the child grows and develops according to age and does not require treatment. The prognosis for this disease is regarded as favorable.
Engel, Jerome; Wiebe, Samuel; Radhakrishnan, Kurupath; Palmini, André
Surgical treatment for epilepsy remains highly underutilized: in the United States, there has been no increase in the number of surgical procedures performed annually since 19901; for most patients referred, the average duration of epilepsy is 22 years2; and there has been no change in this delay to surgery3, despite two randomized controlled trials4, 5 and an American Academy of Neurology practice parameter that recommended surgery as the treatment of choice for medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy6. This session addressed issues relevant to increasing the availability of epilepsy surgery, particularly in countries with limited resources.
Park, Eun Jung; Song, Ki-Hwan; Baik, Seung Hyuk; Park, Jae Jun; Kang, Jeonghyun; Lee, Kang Young; Goo, Ja Il; Kim, Nam Kyu
Infliximab is regarded as an effective therapeutic to treat Crohn's disease. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of infliximab combined with surgery and to analyze clinical manifestations according to fistula subtypes in patients with fistulizing perianal Crohn's disease. From April 2013 to December 2015, 47 patients with perianal Crohn's disease in two hospitals of South Korea (Goo Hospital, Gangnam Severance Hospital) were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were categorized into two groups as simple fistula (n = 20) and complex fistula group (n = 27). All patients received 5 mg/kg of infliximab intravenously at 0, 2, and 6 weeks after surgical treatments. Then every eight weeks, the responders continued to receive 5 mg/kg infliximab for maintenance therapy. Complete response of induction therapy was 72.3%, and partial response was 27.7%. After maintenance therapy, complete response was 97.9% and partial response was 2.1%. There was no patient without a response to infliximab in this study. The median time to the first fistula closure was 6.00 ± 8.00 weeks. Infliximab was used on average 2.13 ± 0.71 times until the first fistula closure. The rate of recurrence was 8.5% and adverse events were 4.2%. In comparison with clinical manifestations between simple and complex fistula groups, there was no significant difference except for the coexistence of perianal abscess. Combined surgical and infliximab therapy was efficacious to treat fistulizing perianal Crohn's disease with rapid treatment response and favorable clinical outcomes. It is expected that this top-down strategy with combining surgeries can overcome previous limitations in treating perianal Crohn's disease. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.
Watanabe, Atsushi; Miyajima, Masayoshi; Mishina, Taijiro; Nakazawa, Junji; Harada, Ryo; Kawaharada, Nobuyoshi; Higami, Tetsuya
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is defined as a specific form of chronic, progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown cause. IPF is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, and lung cancer patients with IPF undergoing pulmonary resection for non-small cell lung cancer have increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Especially, postoperative acute exacerbation of IPF (AEIPF) causes fatal status and long-term outcomes are worse than for patients without IPF, although certain subgroups have a good long-term outcome. A comprehensive review of the current literature pertaining to AEIPF and the late phase outcome after the context of a surgical intervention was performed.
Siewiera, I.; Drozdowski, P.; Wójcicki, P.
Background:Port-wine stains (PWS) are vascular malformations of the skin concerning about 0,3% of the population. Though various laser systems have been used for various treatment regimens the treatment of PWS of large size is especially difficult and demanding from aesthetic and psychological point of view.
Miller, John W.; Hakimian, Shahin
Purpose of Review: This article outlines indications for neurosurgical treatment of epilepsy, describes the presurgical workup, summarizes surgical approaches, and details expected risks and benefits. Recent Findings: There is class I evidence for the efficacy of temporal lobectomy in treating intractable seizures, and accumulating documentation that successful surgical treatment reverses much of the disability, morbidity, and excess mortality of chronic epilepsy. Summary: Chronic, uncontrolled focal epilepsy causes progressive disability and increased mortality, but these can be reversed with seizure control. Vigorous efforts to stop seizures are warranted. If two well-chosen and tolerated medication trials do not achieve seizure control, an early workup for epilepsy surgery should be arranged. If this workup definitively identifies the brain region from which the seizures arise, and this region can be removed with a low risk of disabling neurologic deficits, neurosurgery will have a much better chance of stopping seizures than further medication trials. PMID:23739107
Botti, F; Losco, A; Viganò, C; Oreggia, B; Prati, M; Contessini Avesani, E
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease which may involve any segment of the gastrointestinal tract, most frequently the terminal ileum, the large intestine, and the perianal region. The symptoms of perianal Crohn's disease include skin disorders, hemorrhoids, anal ulcers, anorectal stenosis, perianal abscesses and fistulas, rectovaginal fistulas and carcinoma of the perianal region. The perianal manifestations of Crohn's disease cause great discomfort to the patient and are among the most difficult aspects to treat. Management of perianal disease requires a combination of different imaging modalities and a close cooperation between gastroenterologists and dedicated surgeons.
Fernández Alonso, L
In spite of the numerous advances made over the last two decades, the treatment of congenital vascular malformations continues to be one of the greatest enigmas facing modern medicine. There are no clear criteria concerning the indications to be followed, and even less concerning the most appropriate therapeutic procedures for each type of lesion. The results of a strictly surgical approach are discouraging and today it is accepted that congenital vascular malformations should be attended to and treated by multidisciplinary units, combining the efforts of all the specialists involved in its treatment. This paper reviews the general principles of surgical treatment of congenital vascular malformations, without losing sight of the fact that the traditional role of isolated surgery in the treatment of congenital vascular malformations has been replaced by a multidisciplinary approach to this type of lesions, making it possible to integrate embolization, sclerotherapy and surgery to improve the results. The combination of these techniques reduces the risk and complications that existed when they were applied in an isolated form. Thus, surgical treatment should not be considered as an independent tool of treatment but as a therapeutic weapon integrated in the ensemble of measures directed at improving the quality of life of the patient with a congenital vascular malformation.
Giannotti, Erika; Merlo, Andrea; Zerbinati, Paolo; Longhi, Maria; Prati, Paolo; Masiero, Stefano; Mazzoli, Davide
Equinovarus foot deformity (EVFD) compromises several prerequisites of walking and increases the risk of falling. Guidelines on rehabilitation following EVFD surgery are missing in current literature. The aim of this study was to analyze safety and adherence to an early rehabilitation treatment characterized by immediate weight bearing with an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) in hemiplegic patients after EVFD surgery and to describe gait changes after EVFD surgical correction combined with early rehabilitation treatment. Retrospective observational cohort study. Inpatient rehabilitation clinic. Forty-seven adult patients with hemiplegia consequent to ischemic or haemorrhagic stroke (L/R 20/27, age 56±15 years, time from lesion 6±5 years). A specific rehabilitation protocol with a non-articulated AFO, used to allow for immediate gait training, started one day after EVFD surgery. Gait analysis (GA) data before and one month after surgery were analyzed. The presence of differences in GA space-time parameters, in ankle dorsiflexion (DF) values and peaks at initial contact (DF at IC), during stance (DF at St) and swing (DF at Sw) were assessed by the Wilcoxon Test while the presence of correlations between pre- and post-operative values by Spearman's correlation coefficient. All patients completed the rehabilitation protocol and no clinical complications occurred in the sample. Ankle DF increased one month after surgery at all investigated gait phases (Wilcoxon Test, P<0.0001), becoming neutral at IC. Significant (P<0.05) variations were found for stride length, stride width, anterior step length of the affected side and for the duration of the double support phase of the contralateral side. The postsurgery ankle DF at St was found to be correlated (R=0.81, P<0.0001) with its pre-surgery value, thus being predictable. Weaker significant correlations were found for DF at Sw and DF at IC, where contribution from the dorsiflexor muscles is required in addition to calf muscle
Kim, Joo Pyung; Chang, Won Seok; Chang, Jin Woo
There is some debate about the effects of pallidal deep brain stimulation (DBS) or lesioning on secondary dystonia. We applied a multimodal method to maximize the treatment effects of deep brain stimulation in patients with secondary dystonia. Between March 2003 and January 2009, four patients underwent bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) DBS and six patients underwent bilateral GPi DBS plus unilateral thalamotomy for treatment of cerebral palsy (CP). Among the patients with secondary dystonia without CP, five were also treated by DBS. We classified patients with generalized secondary dystonia with cerebral palsy into group I and patients with focal dystonia without CP into group II. Clinical outcome assessments were based on Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale movement and disability scores. Heath-related quality of life was assessed with a 36-item short-form general health survey questionnaire preoperatively and at the last follow-up. The movement and disability scores of group I-A had improved by 32.0% (P = 0.285) and 14.3% (P = 0.593), respectively, at the last follow-up compared with baseline. The movement and disability scores of group I-B had improved by 31.5% and 0.18% at the last follow-up compared with baseline, respectively. In comparison with patients in group I-A, patients in group I-B showed a significant improvement in movement scores for the contralateral arm (P = 0.042). Group II patients showed a marked improvement in movement and disability scores of 77.7% (P = 0.039) and 80.0% (P = 0.041), respectively. We demonstrated that DBS plus unilateral ventralis oralis thalamotomy for CP patients with fixed states in the upper extremities is useful not only to treat secondary dystonic movement but also to improve quality of life. In group II patients with post-traumatic dystonia and tardive dyskinesia, we achieved excellent clinical outcomes using a stereotactic procedure.
Masaki, Y; Ishigami, K; Oka, M; Matsumoto, N; Honma, K; Uchiyama, T
The authors examined the sensitivities of esophageal cancer to Bleomycin (BLM), Peplomycin (PEP), Cisplatin (CDDP) and 5-FU by the INAS method using 3H-thymidine or 14C-formate as labeled precursors, and determined the concentrations of anticancer agents in cancer lesions by the Band Culture method. On the other hand, the authors investigated the superiority or inferiority of various methods of BLM administration by observing the prevention effect of BLM on the development of experimental esophageal cancer in rats. Forty-three cases out of 76, 57%, showed a sensitivity to BLM, 60% to PEP, 38% to CDDP and 56% to 5-FU. As to the types of roentgenological findings, the superficial and tumorous types showed a high sensitivity rate. As to the types of macroscopical findings, the protruded and superficial types showed a high sensitivity rate. As to the types of histological findings, well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma showed a high sensitivity rate. Sensitivity was higher in metastatic lymph nodes than in main cancer lesions. Tumor tissues which had undergone previous hyperthermic management (at 42 degrees C) showed a higher sensitivity than those which had not. PEP at a half dose brought about the same grade of anticancer effect as BLM. The sensitivities of esophageal cancer to various anticancer agents showed individual differences among clinical cases. Therefore, combination chemotherapy for esophageal cancer was thought to be an effective administration method. The divided administration of small doses of BLM was thought to be more superior than the one-shot administration of a large dose for esophageal cancer. The results of the INAS sensitivity test were perfectly coincident with the effects of chemotherapy in clinical cases of esophageal cancer.
Lozano, A; Linazasoro, G
Dystonia is a neurological syndrome which is often progressive and disabling. The pathophysiological basis is only partly understood. Medical treatment often fails. Peripheral surgical techniques can alleviate the symptoms of many patients with diverse forms of focal dystonia. In patients with generalized dystonia, central surgical techniques are preferable. Thalamotomy is the best known technique, although the target is not fully defined. Experience with surgery of the pallidum and subthalamus is very limited, but results are promising. More studies are necessary to discover the precise potential benefit of these techniques and define the ideal candidates. It is important that such studies should be done using rigorous methodology and be similar for all groups working on this.
Carlino, Paolo; Pettini, Francesco; Cantore, Stefania; Grassi, Felice Roberto; Pepe, Valentina
The aim of this report is to analyze the clinical symptoms, ethologic factors, and prosthetic rehabilitation in a case of Combination Syndrome (CS). The treatment of CS can be conventional or surgical, with or without the bone reconstruction of maxilla. The correct prosthetic treatment helps this kind of patients to restore the physiologic occlusion plane to allow a correct masticatory and aesthetic function. Management of this kind of patients can be a challenge for a dental practitioner. PMID:24511397
Słowińska, Iwona; Słowiński, Radosław; Rutkowska-Sak, Lidia
Gout is an inflammatory joint disease associated with deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the bones forming the joints, in periarticular tissues and in other organs. The disease is one of the most frequent causes of disability. This paper presents the case of a 57-year-old male patient treated for generalised gout. A "clinical mask" suggesting another disease was the cause of making the correct diagnosis only six years after the occurrence of the first manifestations. The patient, with high values of inflammatory markers, severe pain and advanced joint destruction, was given an aggressive anti-inflammatory treatment. The unsatisfactory effect of the conservative treatment forced the authors to perform surgical resection of the gouty nodules in the hands. After several operations the function of the hand joints operated on, appearance of the hands and the quality of the patient's life improved significantly.
Słowińska, Iwona; Słowiński, Radosław
Gout is an inflammatory joint disease associated with deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the bones forming the joints, in periarticular tissues and in other organs. The disease is one of the most frequent causes of disability. This paper presents the case of a 57-year-old male patient treated for generalised gout. A “clinical mask” suggesting another disease was the cause of making the correct diagnosis only six years after the occurrence of the first manifestations. The patient, with high values of inflammatory markers, severe pain and advanced joint destruction, was given an aggressive anti-inflammatory treatment. The unsatisfactory effect of the conservative treatment forced the authors to perform surgical resection of the gouty nodules in the hands. After several operations the function of the hand joints operated on, appearance of the hands and the quality of the patient’s life improved significantly. PMID:27994273
Li, Yiping; Cikla, Ulas; Baggott, Christopher; Yilmaz, Tevfik; Chao, Clifford; Baskaya, Mustafa K
The natural history of Moyamoya disease (MD) is variable. Moyamoya disease in children mostly presents with progressive ischemic complications and in adulthood it tends to present with hemorrhage. Surgical strategies depend on augmenting cerebral blood flow to the anterior cerebral circulation. Revascularization is the mainstay treatment for MD. We introduce a 31 year old female with a history of MD and leftsided revascularization as a child, who presented with headache, confusion, and worsening left sided weakness. Cranial computed tomography (CT) showed a right sided putaminal hemorrhage. Cerebral angiogram with selective external runs revealed MD, hypoplastic parietal branch of the superficial temporal artery (STA) on the right side and previous revascularization on the left side. Thus, our decision was made to perform a bypass with the frontal branch of the STA to an M3-M4 segment of the middle cerebral artery and an encephaloduroarteriomyosynangiosis with the parietal branch of the STA. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. Postoperative CT angiogram confirmed patency of bypass. This technique provides immediate revascularization and seems to provide risk reduction for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. We review the natural history and surgical treatment of MD along with a case presentation in which surgical technique is demonstrated in video.
Tekgündüz, Kadir Şerafettin; Kepenekli, Eda; Demirelli, Yaşar; Caner, İbrahim; Kara, Mustafa
Newborns are more susceptible to infection; this makes proper wound care extremely important in them. Unfortunately, in spite of successful surgery, patients can die as a result of wound area infections. Herein, we report a case in which a combined therapy of chlorhexidine (a disinfectant) and saline (a cleansing agent used in wound care) was used effectively to treat the wound in a newborn infant with an antibiotic-resistant, Gram-negative, bacteria-related surgical site infection. © 2014 The Authors. International Wound Journal © 2014 Medicalhelplines.com Inc and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Haumonté, J-B; Sentilhes, L; Macé, P; Cravello, L; Boubli, L; d'Ercole, C
Systematic revue of different conservative and non-conservative surgical treatment of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). Elaboration of surgical strategy after failed medical treatment of PPH. French and English publications were identified through PubMed and Cochrane databases. Each obstetrical unit has to rewrite a full protocol of management of PPH depending on local environment quickly available in theatre (professional consensus). Conservative surgical treatment of PPH: efficacy of vascular ligature (bilateral uterine artery ligation (BUAL) or bilateral hypogastric artery ligation (BHAL)) as a first line of surgical treatment of PPH is about 60 % to 70 % (EL4). Bilateral uterine artery ligation (BUAL) is easy to perform with low rate of immediate severe complication (professional consensus). BUAL as BHAL seems not to affected fertility and obstetrical outcomes of next pregnancies (EL4). Efficacy of haemostatics brace suturing in case of failed medical treatment of PPH is about 75 % (EL3), without risk of major obstetrical complications at the next pregnancy (EL4). Radical surgical treatment of PPH: total hysterectomy is not significantly associated with more urinary tract injury in comparison with subtotal hysterectomy (EL3). Choice of surgical procedure of hysterectomy (total or subtotal) will depend on local consideration and clinicians habits (professional consensus). Surgical strategy: conservative surgical treatment are efficient and associated with low morbidity, they have to be primarily performed in women with further fertility desire. Specific medical consideration as massive PPH or cardiovascular instability has to consider performing haemostatic hysterectomy as the first line surgical treatment of PPH. PPH during caesarean delivery: in case of PPH during caesarean section, embolisation is not recommended, surgical treatment using vascular devascularisation or compression brace suturing should be performed (professional consensus). Surgical conservative
Park, J W; Kim, Y S; Yoon, J O; Kim, J S; Chang, J S; Kim, J M; Chun, J M; Jeon, I H
Non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection of the musculoskeletal tissue is a rare disease. An early and accurate diagnosis is often difficult because of the indolent clinical course and difficulty of isolating pathogens. Our goal was to determine the clinical features of musculoskeletal NTM infection and to present the treatment outcomes. A total of 29 patients (nine females, 20 males between 34 and 85 years old, mean age 61.7 years; 34 to 85) with NTM infection of the musculoskeletal system between 1998 to 2011 were identified and their treatment retrospectively analysed. Microbiological studies demonstrated NTM in 29 patients: the isolates were Mycobacterium intracellulare in six patients, M. fortuitum in three, M. abscessus in two and M. marinum in one. In the remaining patients we failed to identify the species. The involved sites were the hand/wrist in nine patients the knee in five patients, spine in four patients, foot in two patients, elbow in two patients, shoulder in one, ankle in two patients, leg in three patients and multiple in one patient. The mean interval between the appearance of symptoms and diagnosis was 20.8 months (1.5 to 180). All patients underwent surgical treatment and antimicrobial medication according to our protocol for chronic musculoskeletal infection: 20 patients had NTM-specific medication and nine had conventional antimicrobial therapy. At the final follow-up 22 patients were cured, three failed to respond to treatment and four were lost to follow-up. Identifying these diseases due the initial non-specific presentation can be difficult. Treatment consists of surgical intervention and adequate antimicrobial therapy, which can result in satisfactory outcomes.
Camargo, Jose F; Yakoub, Danny; Cho-Vega, Jeong Hee
Lipid formulations of amphotericin B remain the first-line antifungal therapy for invasive mucormycosis. Posaconazole is an alternative for salvage therapy, but its use as primary therapy is not recommended due to the paucity of clinical data. Here we describe the case of a 57-year-old diabetic woman receiving etanercept and prednisone for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis who developed primary cutaneous mucormycosis after a minor gardening injury. Infection was successfully treated with aggressive surgical debridement followed by a 6-week course of the new delayed-release tablet formulation of posaconazole and temporary withholding of anti-TNF treatment. Primary antifungal therapy with posaconazole can be considered in selected cases of cutaneous mucormycosis.
Candido, Luiz Claudio
Surgical exploration of cavities, sinuses, and specific antibiotic therapy are fundamental for the control fo cutaneous infection. Topical treatment will vary based on evaluation of the lesion, experience of the health care team, and the environment.
Uterine sarcomas are rare, heterogeneous malignant tumours of several histologic types originating from mesenchymal tissues of the uterus. The most common histologic types are carcinosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and endometrial stromal sarcoma, accounting for 90% of uterine sarcomas. To date, no effective treatment has been found to achieve a high rate of cure or prolong survival. Although complete surgical excision of the tumour is the only curative treatment modality, the rarity of these tumours and their diversity of histologic types have precluded the development of standard surgical strategies. Surgery may also be optimal for recurrent uterine sarcomas, but indications for secondary surgical treatment have not been established. Here, we describe recent changes in, and updates of, the surgical treatment of the three most common types of malignant uterine sarcomas.
Wang, Rui; Bi, Chun-Chao; Lei, Chun-Ling; Sun, Wen-Tao; Wang, Shan-Shan; Dong, Xiao-Juan
AIM To describe clinical findings and complications from cases of traumatic lens subluxation/dislocation in patients with secondary glaucoma, and discuss the multiple treating methods of operation combined with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. METHODS Non-comparative retrospective observational case series. Participants: 30 cases (30 eyes) of lens subluxation/dislocation in patients with secondary glaucoma were investigated which accepted the surgical treatment by author in the Ophthalmology of Xi'an No.4 Hospital from 2007 to 2011. According to the different situations of lens subluxation/dislocation, various surgical procedures were performed such as crystalline lens phacoemulsification, crystalline lens phacoemulsification combined anterior vitrectomy, intracapsular cataract extraction combined anterior vitrectomy, lensectomy combined anterior vitrectomy though peripheral transparent cornea incision, pars plana lensectomy combined pars plana vitrectomy, and intravitreal cavity crystalline lens phacofragmentation combined pars plana vitrectomy. And whether to implement trabeculectomy depended on the different situations of secondary glaucoma. The posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC-IOLs) were implanted in the capsular-bag or trassclerally sutured in the sulus decided by whether the capsular were present. Main outcome measures: visual acuity, intraocular pressure, the situation of intraocular lens and complications after the operations. RESULTS The follow-up time was 11-36mo (21.4±7.13). Postoperative visual acuity of all eyes were improved; 28 cases maintained IOP below 21 mm Hg; 2 cases had slightly IOL subluxation, 4 cases had slightly tilted lens optical area; 1 case had postoperative choroidal detachment; 4 cases had postoperative corneal edema more than 1wk, but eventually recovered transparent; 2 cases had mild postoperative vitreous hemorrhage, and absorbed 4wk later. There was no postoperative retinal detachment, IOL dislocation, and
Merino, M L; Gómez de Liaño, P; Merino, P; Franco, G
We report 3 cases with a vertical incomitance in upgaze, narrowing of palpebral fissure, and pseudo-overaction of both inferior oblique muscles. Surgery consisted of an elevation of both lateral rectus muscles with an asymmetrical weakening. A satisfactory result was achieved in 2 cases, whereas a Lambda syndrome appeared in the other case. The surgical technique of upper-insertion with a recession of both lateral rectus muscles improved vertical incomitance in 2 of the 3 patients; however, a residual deviation remains in the majority of cases. Copyright © 2011 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
Galano, Gregory J; Bigliani, Louis U; Ahmad, Christopher S; Levine, William N
Injuries to the long thoracic and spinal accessory nerves present challenges in diagnosis and treatment. Palsies of the serratus anterior and trapezius muscles lead to destabilization of the scapula with medial and lateral scapular winging, respectively. Although nonoperative treatment is successful in some patients, failures have led to the evolution of surgical techniques involving various combinations of fascial graft and/or transfer of adjacent muscles. Our preferred method of reconstruction for serratus anterior palsy is a two-incision, split pectoralis major transfer without fascial graft. For trapezius palsy, we prefer a modified version of the Eden-Lange procedure. At a minimum followup of 16 months (mean, 47 months), six patients who underwent the Eden-Lange procedure showed improvement in mean American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder scores (33.3-64.6), forward elevation (141.7-151.0), and visual analog scale (7.0-2.3). At a minimum followup of 16 months (mean, 44 months), 10 patients (11 shoulders) who underwent split pectoralis transfer also improved American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder scores (53.3-63.8), forward elevation (158.2-164.5), and visual analog scale (5.0-2.9). We encountered two complications, both superficial wound infections. These tendon transfers were effective for treating scapular winging in patients who did not respond to nonoperative treatment.
Suleiman, Suleiman Hussein; Wadaella, El Sammani; Fahal, Ahmed Hassan
Surgical intervention is an integral component in the diagnosis and management of mycetoma. Surgical treatment is indicated for small, localised lesions and massive lesions to reduce the mycetoma load and to enable better response to medical therapy. It is also a life-saving procedure in patients with massive disease and sepsis. Surgical options for mycetoma treatment range from a wide local surgical excision to repetitive debridement excisions to amputation of the affected part. Adequate anaesthesia, a bloodless field, wide local excision with adequate safety margins in a suitable surgical facility, and expert surgeons are mandatory to achieve the best surgical outcome. Surgical intervention in mycetoma is associated with considerable morbidity, deformities, and disabilities, particularly in advanced disease. These complications can be reduced by educating patients to seek medical advice earlier when the lesion is small, localised, and amenable to surgery. There is no evidence for mycetoma hospital cross infection. This communication is based on the authors' experience in managing over 7,200 mycetoma patients treated at the Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Sudan.
Suleiman, Suleiman Hussein; Wadaella, EL Sammani; Fahal, Ahmed Hassan
Surgical intervention is an integral component in the diagnosis and management of mycetoma. Surgical treatment is indicated for small, localised lesions and massive lesions to reduce the mycetoma load and to enable better response to medical therapy. It is also a life-saving procedure in patients with massive disease and sepsis. Surgical options for mycetoma treatment range from a wide local surgical excision to repetitive debridement excisions to amputation of the affected part. Adequate anaesthesia, a bloodless field, wide local excision with adequate safety margins in a suitable surgical facility, and expert surgeons are mandatory to achieve the best surgical outcome. Surgical intervention in mycetoma is associated with considerable morbidity, deformities, and disabilities, particularly in advanced disease. These complications can be reduced by educating patients to seek medical advice earlier when the lesion is small, localised, and amenable to surgery. There is no evidence for mycetoma hospital cross infection. This communication is based on the authors’ experience in managing over 7,200 mycetoma patients treated at the Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Sudan. PMID:27336736
Llorente, José Luis; Obeso, Sergio; Rial, Juan Carlos; Sánchez-Fernández, Rafael; Suárez, Carlos
Clival chordomas are benign neoplastic tumors displaying high morbidity and mortality rates. The difficulties involved in obtaining a total resection and its infiltrative nature explain this aggressiveness. We present a retrospective clinical series of 8 surgically treated cases of clival chordomas at our department from 1993 to 2006. All 8 patients underwent a total of 14 surgical procedures, 6 of which were anterior approaches (5 transmandibular), 2 subtemporal-preauricular, 2 from the transcondylar lateral edge and 2 transcochlear. In 7 patients the surgery was performed with curative intent. In 2 cases it was necessary to perform the surgery sequentially, in two steps. Total resection was achieved in 58% of patients. Average follow up was 40 months. Two patients died due to local recurrence, one patient died in the postoperative period and another died due to causes which were not related with the tumor. The low incidence of clival chordomas makes it difficult to carry out random clinical studies of its management. The treatment of choice is surgery, supplemented by radiotherapy in selected cases. We prefer to use the transmandibular approach, combined with transcondylar lateral edge approach when the occipital condyle is infiltrated. For lateral extensions, we use the subtemporal-preauricular or transpetrosal approaches. New radiotherapy modalities provide an effective treatment of tumoural residues. Extradural approaches imply anatomical regions which are familiar for otolaryngologists. Specific knowledge about the limitations of each approach is essential in order to avoid unnecessary morbidity and incomplete resections. Copyright 2009 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.
Franzini, Angelo; Ferroli, Paolo; Messina, Giuseppe; Broggi, Giovanni
The most common types of cranial neuralgias amenable to surgical therapeutic options are trigeminal neuralgia and glossopharyngeal neuralgia, the former having an approximate incidence of 5/100000 cases per year and the latter of 0.05/100000 cases per year. Surgical therapy of these pathological conditions encompasses several strategies, going from ablative procedures to neurovascular decompression, to radiosurgery. The choice of the most appropriate surgical option (which must be taken into account when all conservative treatments have proven to be unsuccessful) has to take into account many factors, the most important ones being neuroradiological evidence of a neurovascular conflict, severity of symptoms, the age and clinical history of the patient, and the patient's overall medical condition. In this chapter we report our experience with the treatment of trigeminal and glossopharyngeal neuralgia, describing the surgical procedures performed and reviewing the most recent aspects on this subject in the past literature.
Hong, Chang Ki; Hong, Je Beom; Park, Hunho; Moon, Ju Hyung; Chang, Jong Hee; Lee, Kyu Sung
Among intracranial meningiomas, falcotentorial meningiomas, occurring at the junction of the falx cerebri and tentorial dural folds, are extremely rare. Because of their deep location, they are surrounded by critical structures, and have been regarded as one of the most challenging lesions for surgical treatment. In this study, we describe our surgical strategy for falcotentorial meningiomas and provide a review of our experience. PMID:27189300
Lese, M; Naghi, I; Pop, C
The medical and endoscopic treatment of duodenal ulcer are decreasing the frequency of surgical treatment in this disease. The authors study the operations performed for duodenal ulcer within the period 1989-1999 in the County Hospital Baia Mare. The decrease of the rate of surgical interventions is the pure effect of the medical treatment, as long as the endoscopic treatment is not yet available in our service. The rate of ulcer--induced perforations remained, however, unmodified (48% of total operatory indications), as well as the postoperative morbidity and--mortality (18% respectively 9%). The last category seems not to be influenced by the type of chosen surgical procedure, but by the patient's age, duration of the disease, and associated pathology.
Purpose To introduce a novel technique to treat necrotic scleral calcification caused by previous regional conjunctivectomy using conjunctival autografting and amniotic membrane inlay filling, and to evaluate the clinical outcome. Methods Ten patients (11 eyes, 12 regions) who had undergone regional conjunctivectomy with postoperative mitomycin C (MMC) for pterygia or pingueculae were included. Scleral calcification was removed using a bevel-down crescent knife. After the conjunctival donor tissue was harvested from the upper bulbar conjunctiva, the tissue was grafted to the scleral defect and secured with sutures. Amniotic membrane was inserted randomly into spaces between the conjunctival graft and the scleral bed. Protective amniotic membrane was transplanted over the graft, with stromal side up. Results Scleral calcification developed in ischaemic areas in 11 of the 12 regions; 50% of cases had a surface defect seen with a fluorescent dye. The grafted conjunctiva epithelialized successfully in all cases. In 10 regions, the epithelialization occurred in 1 or 2 weeks. In the remaining two regions, one region required another surgery because of graft failure, and epithelialization occurred in the last region in 9 weeks. Vascular growth into the graft from the surrounding tissue occurred in all cases in 1 to 10 weeks. The surgical wound stabilized 3 weeks postoperatively. Conclusion The combined technique had high success rates of graft survival and good revitalization of the necrotic area of scleral calcification, eliminated the need for invasive and time-consuming scleral autografting or allografting, and provided good cosmesis. Scleral ischaemia, which was caused by MMC, may induce scleral calcification. PMID:21869832
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Sepehri, Mitra; Jørgensen, Bo
With a continuing increase in the number of tattoos performed worldwide, the need to treat tattoo complications is growing. Earlier treatments of chronic inflammatory tattoo reactions were dominated by a medical approach, or with no active intervention. In this chapter, we will address modern surgical approaches applied to situations when medical treatment is inefficient and lasers are not applicable. Dermatome shaving is positioned as first-line treatment of allergic tattoo reactions and also indicated in a number of other tattoo reactions, supplemented with excision in selected cases. The methods allow fundamental treatment with removal of the culprit pigment from the dermis. The different instruments, surgical methods, and treatment schedules are reviewed, and a guide to surgeons is presented. Postoperative treatments and the long-term outcomes are described in detail. An algorithm on specialist treatment and follow-up of tattoo reactions, which can be practiced in other countries, is presented. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Evaluation of clinical and laboratory findings of pediatric and adult patients with oropharyngeal tularemia in Turkey: a combination of surgical drainage and antibiotic therapy increases treatment success.
Gozel, Mustafa Gokhan; Engin, Aynur; Altuntas, Emine Elif; Salk, İsmail; Kaya, Ali; Celik, Cem; Dokmetas, Ilyas; Bakir, Mehmet; Elaldi, Nazif
We analyzed the clinical and laboratory findings of both pediatric and adult patients with oropharyngeal tularemia. We also compared the therapeutic outcomes of patients who underwent surgical drainage of lymph nodes early or late during antibiotic therapy. A total of 68 patients with oropharyngeal tularemia, including 26 children and 42 adults, were enrolled in this study. The average duration between symptom onset and hospital admission was 20.8 days (4-60 days) in the pediatric group and 32.6 days (4-90 days) in the adult group (P = 0.009). The most frequently observed clinical symptoms were sore throat (100% and 100%), fever (96.2% and 90.5%), tonsillitis (69.2% and 78.6%), and rash (15.4% and 11.9%) in the pediatric and adult groups, respectively. However, the frequencies of erythema, tenderness, and fluctuant of enlarged lymph nodes were significantly higher in the adult group than in the pediatric group (P = 0.005, P = 0.029, and P = 0.041, respectively). Treatment failure was observed in 2 (7.7%) pediatric patients and 4 (9.5%) adult patients, for a total of 6 (8.8%) treatment failures in the study group. Similar clinical findings and treatment outcomes were observed in both groups. We concluded that a combination of surgical drainage and antibiotic therapy increases treatment success for patients diagnosed with oropharyngeal tularemia.
Gurusamy, Kurinchi S; Davidson, Brian R
Currently there is no evidence for prophylactic cholecystectomy to prevent gallstone formation (grade B). Cholecystectomy cannot be recommended for any group of patients having asymptomatic gallstones except in those undergoing major upper abdominal surgery for other pathologies (grade B). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred treatment for all patient groups with symptomatic gallstones (grade B). Patients with gallstones along with common bile duct stones treated by endoscopic sphincterotomy should undergo cholecystectomy (grade A). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration or with intraoperative endoscopic sphincterotomy is the preferred treatment for obstructive jaundice caused by common bile duct stones, when the expertise and infrastructure are available (grade B). Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Taffurelli, Mario; Pellegrini, Alice; Santini, Donatella; Zanotti, Simone; Di Simone, Domenico; Serra, Margherita
Recurrent periductal mastitis is a benign breast disorder that often features a mammary fistula that runs between periareolar skin and the ductal mammary system. Due to the high recurrence rate of this disease, its management is controversial. This study was designed to assess the efficacy of fistulectomy (Hadfield operation), particularly with regard to its long-term outcome. We reviewed all women with recurrent periductal mastitis who underwent the Hadfield operation in the Breast Center in S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital (Bologna University) from 2005 to 2015. All but one of the patients were heavy smokers and presented with a recurrent periareolar abscess and a periareolar mammary fistula. Eighteen women underwent the Hadfield surgical treatment. Mean age at the time of presentation was 42 years; 17 of 18 women smoked >10 cigarettes/d. All patients had a breast ultrasonography or mammography. Half of the patients had undergone antibiotic therapy with one or more prior abscess drainages or another form of operative treatment. All patients who underwent operative treatment had no postoperative events and were satisfied with the cosmetic results. Squamous metaplasia was always present in the specimens. After a median follow-up of 36 months, 2 patients developed a recurrence after a few months; neither had stopped smoking. Based on our review of the literature and taking into account the results of this study, it seems clear that the best treatment involves a combined total excision of the affected duct and the fistulous tract. Due to the important role of smoking in this disease, it is important to encourage patients to stop smoking. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Andreou, D; Henrichs, M P; Gosheger, G; Nottrott, M; Streitbürger, A; Hardes, J
Primary bone neoplasms can be classified into benign, locally/aggressive and rarely metastasizing and malignant tumors. Patients with benign tumors usually undergo surgical treatment in cases of local symptoms, mainly consisting of pain or functional deficits due to compression of important anatomical structures, such as nerves or blood vessels. Locally/aggressive and rarely metastasizing tumors exhibit an infiltrative growth pattern, so that surgical treatment is necessary to prevent further destruction of bone leading to local instability. Finally, the surgical treatment of malignant tumors is, with few exceptions, considered to be a prerequisite for long-term survival, either alone or in combination with systemic chemotherapy. Whereas the main objective of surgery in the treatment of benign tumors is relief of local symptoms with a minimum amount of damage to healthy tissue and minimizing the risk of local recurrence while ensuring bone stability in locally aggressive and rarely metastasizing tumors, the primary goal in the operative treatment of bone sarcomas is the resection of the tumor with clear surgical margins followed by defect reconstruction and the preservation of function. This review examines the current developments in the surgical treatment of primary bone neoplasms with respect to the management of the tumors and novel reconstructive options.
Essed, E; Schroeder, F H
Five patients with Peyronie disease were treated successfully with a surgical technique derived from Nesbit's technique for the treatment of congenital curvature of the penis. Excision of ellipses of tunica albuginea from the convex side of the penis as described by Nesbit was not done, but instead the tunica was reeved with nonresorbable sutures to achieve straightening. The surgical technique combined with prior radiotherapy was successfully applied to patients with severe forms of Peyronie disease. More experience is necessary to establish the value of the proposed treatment concept.
Vergara-Fernández, O; Salinas-Aragón, L E; Camacho-Mauries, D; Medina-Franco, H
Rectal affection accounts for 30% of colorectal cancer. The standard of treatment is surgical resection, which often is curative. For superior and middle-rectal involvement, low anterior resection (LAR) is the preferred procedure. For tumors involving the lower portion of the rectum, abdominoperineal resection (APR) or LAR are the options of treatment, depending on sphincter involvement. The main surgical objective is to achieve a R0 resection with an appropriated total mesorrectal excision, greater number of lymph nodes and negative distal and radial margins. These surgical parameters have been used as quality indicators and have prognostic implications in terms of overall and disease-free survival. Total mesorectal excision with preservation of hypogastric nerves has shown a reduction in rates of sexual and bladder dysfunction as well as lower local recurrence. At specialized centers such procedures are performed by minimal invasive surgery; however the number of meta-analysis is scarce.
The management of facial paralysis is one of the most complex areas of reconstructive surgery. Given the wide variety of functional and cosmetic deficits in the facial paralysis patient, the reconstructive surgeon requires a thorough understanding of the surgical techniques available to treat this condition. This review article will focus on surgical management of facial paralysis and the treatment options available for acute facial paralysis (<3 weeks duration), intermediate duration facial paralysis (3 weeks to 2 yr) and chronic facial paralysis (>2 yr). For acute facial paralysis, the main surgical therapies are facial nerve decompression and facial nerve repair. For facial paralysis of intermediate duration, nerve transfer procedures are appropriate. For chronic facial paralysis, treatment typically requires regional or free muscle transfer. Static techniques of facial reanimation can be used for acute, intermediate, or chronic facial paralysis as these techniques are often important adjuncts to the overall management strategy. PMID:19434284
Galano, Gregory J.; Bigliani, Louis U.; Ahmad, Christopher S.
Injuries to the long thoracic and spinal accessory nerves present challenges in diagnosis and treatment. Palsies of the serratus anterior and trapezius muscles lead to destabilization of the scapula with medial and lateral scapular winging, respectively. Although nonoperative treatment is successful in some patients, failures have led to the evolution of surgical techniques involving various combinations of fascial graft and/or transfer of adjacent muscles. Our preferred method of reconstruction for serratus anterior palsy is a two-incision, split pectoralis major transfer without fascial graft. For trapezius palsy, we prefer a modified version of the Eden-Lange procedure. At a minimum followup of 16 months (mean, 47 months), six patients who underwent the Eden-Lange procedure showed improvement in mean American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder scores (33.3–64.6), forward elevation (141.7–151.0), and visual analog scale (7.0–2.3). At a minimum followup of 16 months (mean, 44 months), 10 patients (11 shoulders) who underwent split pectoralis transfer also improved American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder scores (53.3–63.8), forward elevation (158.2–164.5), and visual analog scale (5.0–2.9). We encountered two complications, both superficial wound infections. These tendon transfers were effective for treating scapular winging in patients who did not respond to nonoperative treatment. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:18196359
Song, Yi-Jun; Chen, Mei-Ting; Lian, Wei; Xing, Bing; Yao, Yong; Feng, Ming; Wang, Ren-Zhi
Abstract A total of 184 cases of surgically treated male prolactinoma were analyzed retrospectively to summarize the outcome of this surgical intervention. We analyzed the general characteristics, clinical manifestations, hormone levels, imaging features, preoperative treatments, surgical outcomes, pathology results, and follow-up records for all included patients. The most common clinical manifestations included sexual dysfunction (47.4%), headache (55.9%), and visual disturbance (46.7%). Serum prolactin levels ranged from 150 to 204,952 ng/mL. Tumor size varied from 6 to 70 mm. Pituitary adenomas grew in a parasellar pattern with visual deficits occurring 40.7% of the time. After surgical therapy, 88.6% of patients achieved symptom relief, and 98.4% experienced an immediate postoperative decline in prolactin level. Fifty-seven patients (31.0%) achieved initial remission, and 26 patients (45.6%) experienced recurrence. Hence, our results suggest that in male prolactinoma characterized by a large pituitary diameter and high serum prolactin level, tumor size predicts the degree of gross resection. The prognostic predictors included preoperative tumor growth pattern and Ki-67 index. Citation: Yi-jun S, Mei-ting C, Wei L, Bing X, Yong Y, Ming F, Ren-zhi W. (2016) Surgical treatment for male prolactinoma: a retrospective study of 184 cases PMID:28079813
Onesti, Maria G; Fino, Pasquale; Ponzo, Ida; Ruggieri, Martina; Scuderi, Nicolò
Some chronic ulcers often occur with slough, not progressing through the normal stages of wound healing. Treatment is long and other therapies need to be performed in addition to surgery. Patients not eligible for surgery because of ASA class (American Society of Anesthesiologists class) appear to benefit from chemical therapy with collagenase or hydrocolloids in order to prepare the wound bed, promoting the healing process. We describe four cases of traumatic, upper limb deep wounds caused by different physical and chemical agents, emphasising the effectiveness of treatment based on topical application of collagenase and hyaluronic acid (HA) before standardised surgical procedures. We performed careful disinfection of lesions combined with application of topical cream containing hyaluronic acid, bacterial fermented sodium hyaluronate (0·2%w/w) salt, and bacterial collagenase obtained from non-pathogenic Vibrio alginolyticus (>2·0 nkat1/g). In one patient a dermo-epidermal graft was used to cover the wide loss of substance. In two patients application of a HA-based dermal substitute was done. We obtained successful results in terms of wound healing, with satisfactory aesthetic result and optimal recovery of the affected limb functionality. Topical application of collagenase and HA, alone or before standardised surgical procedures allows faster wound healing.
Brisinda, Giuseppe; Vanella, Serafino; Cadeddu, Federica; Marniga, Gaia; Mazzeo, Pasquale; Brandara, Francesco; Maria, Giorgio
Anal stenosis is a rare but serious complication of anorectal surgery, most commonly seen after hemorrhoidectomy. Anal stenosis represents a technical challenge in terms of surgical management. A Medline search of studies relevant to the management of anal stenosis was undertaken. The etiology, pathophysiology and classification of anal stenosis were reviewed. An overview of surgical and non-surgical therapeutic options was developed. Ninety percent of anal stenosis is caused by overzealous hemorrhoidectomy. Treatment, both medical and surgical, should be modulated based on stenosis severity. Mild stenosis can be managed conservatively with stool softeners or fiber supplements. Sphincterotomy may be quite adequate for a patient with a mild degree of narrowing. For more severe stenosis, a formal anoplasty should be performed to treat the loss of anal canal tissue. Anal stenosis may be anatomic or functional. Anal stricture is most often a preventable complication. Many techniques have been used for the treatment of anal stenosis with variable healing rates. It is extremely difficult to interpret the results of the various anaplastic procedures described in the literature as prospective trials have not been performed. However, almost any approach will at least improve patient symptoms. PMID:19399922
Barnes, Thomas G; Zafrani, Zakhi; Abdelrazeq, Ayman S
There is paucity of data on the long-term outcome of the combination of fissurectomy and botulinum toxin A injection for the management of chronic anal fissure. The aim of this study is to assess the safety, efficacy, and long-term outcome of the combination of fissurectomy and botulinum toxin A injection. This is a nonrandomized prospective cohort study. This study was conducted at a district general hospital in the United Kingdom. The cohort included all patients treated with fissurectomy and botulinum toxin A for chronic anal fissure between September 2008 and March 2012. The patients were treated with a combination of fissurectomy and botulinum toxin A injection. Symptomatic relief, fissure healing, complications, recurrence, and the need for further surgical intervention. One hundred and two patients received fissurectomy and botulinum toxin A injection for chronic anal fissure. At 12-week follow-up, 68 patients had resolution of symptoms and complete healing of chronic anal fissure, 29 patients had improvement of symptoms but incomplete healing and had further topical or botulinum toxin A treatment with subsequent complete healing. Ninety-five patients (93%) reported no postoperative complications. Seven patients reported a degree of incontinence in the immediate postoperative period. All reported normal continence at12-week follow-up. No local complications were observed or reported. At the mean follow-up of 33 months, there was no evidence of recurrence. Twelve-month follow-up was conducted via telephone interview only. This study is nonrandomized and did not examine the dose response of Botulinum Toxin A. Fissurectomy combined with high-dose botulinum toxin A is a safe, effective, and durable option for the management of chronic anal fissure and a promising alternative to surgical sphincterotomy.
Posterior fossa decompression combined with resection of the cerebellomedullary fissure membrane and expansile duraplasty: a radical and rational surgical treatment for Arnold-Chiari type I malformation.
Liang, Chen Jian; Dong, Qiu Jian; Xing, You Heng; Shan, Ma; Wen, Lian Xiao; Qiang, Zhong Yuan; Ping, Zhang Qing; Tao, Peng Zhi; Ping, Huang Xiao
This study aims to introduce a new surgical procedure for the treatment of Arnold-Chiari type I malformation (ACM-1) and to compare its effectiveness with the techniques described in previous studies. We performed the following procedures: foramen magnum decompression combined with the removal of both the atlanto-occipital membrane, extended resection of the cerebellomedullary fissure arachnoid membrane, and artificial duraplasty to enlarge the membranic posterior fossa without resecting the cerebellar tonsils and syringosubarachnoid shunting. There were 21 ACM-1 patients: 12 cases had osteo-compression on the cerebellar hemisphere, 18 cases had thickened adhered fabric ring that stretched from arachnoid membrane to cerebellar hemisphere, and 15 cases with syringomyelia. The patients were followed up for 6 months to 3 years after the surgery. All patients showed a remarkable recovery of syringomyelia. There were no morbidity or death related to the surgery. Most of ACM-1 patients, the osteo- and membrane compression on cerebellar hemisphere and tonsil were observed during the operation. Therefore, decompression of foramen magnum and posterior craniocervical combined with the removal of cerebellomedullary fissure arachnoid membrane and placement of an artificial dural graft should be considered as a comprehensive option of minimally invasive surgery and rational and radical treatment of ACM-1. Our experience showed that, by using our procedure, shunting becomes no longer necessary in the treatment of ACM-1-associated syringomyelia.
Reichart, B; Kemkes, B M; Klinner, W; Kreuzer, E; Becker, H M; Harrington, O B; Crosby, V G; Wolf, R Y
This is an account on combined procedures in 124 patients suffering from arteriosclerotic vessel disease. In order to judge the proceedings and the results the patients were divided up into two groups. in 15 patients (group I) a carotid endarterectomy combined with an aorto-coronary bypass operation was performed; once a subclavian artery stenosis was resected at the same time. One patient of that group died after 31 days (7%). In group II 108 heart valve operations were performed together with a coronary artery revascularisation. Early and late mortality divided up as follows: aortic stenosis 6/44 (14%) respectively 2/44 (5%); aortic insufficiency 1/14 (7%) resp. 0; combined aortic disease 1/8 )13%) resp. 0; mitral stenosis 1/11 (9%) resp. 0; mitral insufficiency 6/26 (23%) resp. 2/26 (8%); combined mitral valve disease 1/2 (50%) resp. 0; three times both valves (aorta, mitral) were replaced without mortality. In our opinion combined procedures, resection of supraaortic artery stenosis respectively cardiac valve operations and aorto-coronary bypass are indicated especially since the functional long-term results are excellent. Though one should consider the high operative risk in patients with mitral insufficiency and combined mitral valve disease.
Mastalier, B.; Tihon, C.; Ghita, B.; Botezatu, C.; Deaconescu, V.; Mandisodza, P.; Draghici, C.; Simion, S.
Most patients with colon cancer are surgically treated, with postoperative association of chemotherapy and possibly immunotherapy in advanced cases. Surgical treatment is chosen depending on the evolution stage, tumor topography and the existence of complications, colonic surgery being dictated by colonic vascularization. The radical character of the surgical intervention can be assured only in the early stages of the tumor. Colostomy is rarely necessary in patients with colon cancer. In the period of the last 5 years (2007-2011), 307 patients with colon cancer were operated in “Colentina” Surgical Clinic, radical intervention being possible only in 219 cases. 48 cases were emergency interventions for occlusion or perforation with peritonitis. Every time the mechanical preparation of the bowel was not possible, the intraoperative washout technique was used. Postoperative complications were met in 27 cases, being represented by bleeding (3 cases), peritoneal abscess (5 cases), anastomotic fistula (7 cases), abdominal wound infection (12 cases). In 5 cases the operation was done laparoscopically. Preoperative mortality was of 13 cases. Postoperative chemotherapy was done in the great majority of cases. PMID:23144667
Zhang, Xi; Zhang, Guojun; Yu, Tao; Ni, Duanyu; Cai, Lixin; Qiao, Liang; Du, Wei; Li, Yongjie
The purpose of this study was to improve the surgical treatment of epilepsy by maximising seizure control while protecting language function. A combined process of extra-operative electrical cortical stimulation (ECS) mapping, direct ECS and intra-operative continuous language assessment was performed during complicated operative cases. Of the 24 epilepsy patients, nine had a complex relationship between the seizure onset zone and the language cortices. The combined process was used in these nine patients. In the other 15 patients, surgical resection was completed based on extra-operative ECS results alone. Evaluations were performed before and after surgery to assess language function and seizure control. The intra-operative continuous language assessment provided important information at the time of the resection. Seven extra-operative ECS positive language sites were resected without obvious language deficits in two patients. Resection was interrupted by language disturbances in an area where no extra-operative ECS positive site was identified in one patient. In three other patients, functional boundary was undefined in extra-operative ECS result, epileptogenic cortices were maximally resected during the continuous language assessment. In terms of seizure control, 18 of 24 (75%) patients reached Engel's class I, including all nine patients who underwent intra-operative continuous language assessment. One patient had minor surgery-related language deficits three months after resection. Intra-operative continuous language assessment proved to be complementary to extra-operative ECS mappings. The combination of ECS mappings and intra-operative continuous language assessment can maximise the resection of epileptogenic cortices and preserve language function in difficult cases involving the language cortex. Copyright © 2013 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ospanov, Oral B.; Orekeshova, Akzhunis M.; Fursov, Roman A.; Yelemesov, Aset A.
Obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are serious medical, social, and economic problems of modern society. A pilot randomized two-arm controlled clinical study was conducted to compare laparoscopic plication of the greater gastric curvature combined with Nissen fundoplication (LFN+LGP) versus only Nissen fundoplication (LFN). The…
Gfrerer, Lisa; Guyuron, Bahman
The senior author (BG) introduced the modern concept of migraine surgery in 2000. Since then, over 40 articles have been published by eight centers across the US, Europe, and Asia, describing positive outcomes after surgery in 68-95% of cases. Surgeons, neurologists, and patients are increasingly interested in this new treatment method. However, the majority of publications on this topic are found in surgical literature, with few articles presented in neurology journals. This review is an introduction to migraine surgery for neurologists from a surgeons view. It discusses the surgical treatment of migraine headaches based on the discoveries made and articles published by the senior author. It outlines the current history of migraine surgery, presents evidence supporting its effectiveness, and tries to dispel claims that what we are seeing is a placebo effect. It further describes detection of trigger sites and outlines surgical techniques of peripheral nerve decompression. We hope that this review will generate a positive discussion between surgeons and neurologists and lead to more interdisciplinary collaboration for the benefit of the patients in the future.
Loran, O B; Luk'ianov, I V; Markov, A V
The results of operative and rehabilitative treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) was analysed for 69 BPH patients with postoperative irritative disorders of voiding. The patients were divided into four groups by rehabilitative therapy: group 1 received antibacterial therapy; group 2--antibacterial therapy+alpha-adrenoblockers; group 3--antibacterial therapy+transrectal laser and magnetic physiotherapy; group 4--antibacterial therapy+alpha-adrenoblockers+transrectal laser and magnetic physiotherapy. The worst result was obtained in group 1, the best one in groups 3 and 4 (the response was compatible). Thus, the addition of physiotherapy to the complex of postoperative rehabilitation of patients operated for BPH is justified and provides treatment improvement.
Kleinman, D; Rosen, R C; Cohen, J M
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy is an often overlooked diagnostic cause of posttraumatic pain. After wound healing, persistent pain frequently is treated with continued analgesic administration, physical therapy, acupuncture, nerve blocks, psychotherapy and sometimes even ignored in hopes that either the pain or the patient will "go away." The authors relate successful evaluation and treatment of reflex sympathetic dystrophy in the case of a young man with disabling pain following a healed crush injury to his foot.
Chan, Hsun-Liang; Chun, Yong-Hee Patricia; MacEachern, Mark
Gingival recession represents a clinical condition in adults frequently encountered in the general dental practice. It is estimated that 23% of adults in the US have one or more tooth surfaces with ≥ 3 mm gingival recession. Clinicians often time face dilemmas of whether or not to treat such a condition surgically. Therefore, we were charged by the editorial board to answer this critical question: “Does gingival recession require surgical treatment?” An initial condensed literature search was performed using a combination of gingival recession and surgery controlled terms and keywords. An analysis of the search results highlights our limited understanding of the factors that often guide the treatment of gingival recession. Understanding the etiology, prognosis and treatment of gingival recession continues to offer many unanswered questions and challenges in the field of periodontics as we strive to provide the best care possible for our patients. PMID:26427577
Warnock, Julia K; Swanson, Stephen G; Borel, Raymond W; Zipfel, Lisa M; Brennan, John J
To compare the effect of esterified estrogens and methyltestosterone versus esterified estrogens alone on diminished sexual interest in surgically menopausal women. This randomized, double-blind study compared the effect of combined esterified estrogens (1.25 mg) and methyltestosterone (2.5 mg) (EE/MT) versus esterified estrogens (1.25 mg) alone (EE) for 8 weeks. Several different sexual function questionnaires were used to measure response to therapy. Changes from baseline in sexual interest/function and hormone levels were evaluated after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. A total of 102 women were randomized into the study; 52 (age range, 32-61 years) to EE/MT and 50 (age range, 33-62 years) to EE. After 8 weeks, significant differences between treatments were not seen in the Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (CSFQ-F-C) sexual desire/interest subscale score, the primary efficacy variable. In contrast statistically significant between-treatment differences were found for several secondary efficacy variables including Menopausal Sexual Interest Questionnaire (MSIQ) sexual interest/desire score, CSFQ-F-C arousal/erection subscale score and Women's Health Questionnaire sexual functioning subscale score. The mean serum concentration of bioavailable and free testosterone significantly increased, approximately doubling between baseline and the end of the study in patients receiving EE/MT, with a significant (P < 0.001) between-treatment difference. The mean serum concentration of sex hormone-binding globulin significantly decreased to less than one third of the pretreatment levels in patients receiving EE/MT (P < 0.001). Both treatments were well tolerated. The mixed results seen with the different sexual function questionnaires may be due to the CSFQ-F-C's lack of specificity for this population. Increased levels of bioavailable and free testosterone paralleled the improved MSIQ item scores. Both the EE and EE/MT treatments were well tolerated.
Buchfelder, Michael; Schlaffer, Sven-Martin
Surgical extraction of as much tumour mass as possible is considered the first step of treatment in acromegaly in many centers. In this article the potential benefits, disadvantages and limitations of operative acromegaly treatment are reviewed. Pertinent literature was selected to provide a review covering current indications, techniques and results of operations for acromegaly. The rapid reduction of tumour volume is an asset of surgery. To date, in almost all patients, minimally invasive, transsphenoidal microscopic or endoscopic approaches are employed. Whether a curative approach is feasible or a debulking procedure is planned, can be anticipated on the basis of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. The radicality of adenoma resection essentially depends on localization, size and invasive character of the tumour. The normalization rates of growth hormone and IGF-1 secretion, respectively, depend on tumour-related factors such as size, extension, the presence or absence of invasion and the magnitude of IGF-1 and growth hormone oversecretion. However, also surgeon-related factors such as experience and patient load of the centers have been shown to strongly affect surgical results and the rate of complications. As compared to most medical treatments, surgery is relatively cheap since the costs occur only once and not repeatedly. There are several new technical gadgets which aid in the surgical procedure: navigation and variants of intraoperative imaging. For the mentioned reasons, current algorithms of acromegaly management suggest an initial operation, unless the patients are unfit for surgery, refuse an operation or only an unsatisfactory resection is anticipated. A few suggestions are made when a re-operation could be considered.
Rollán Villamarín, V; Ollero Fresno, J C; Alonso Calderón, J L; Ollero Caprani, J M
A case is presented wherein a set of black female pygopagus siamese twins were successfully separated by our department in their 45th day of life. Both twins had multiple malformations: cardiopulmonary, vertebral, anorectal, genitourinary, etc. The bilateral renal absence in one of them, originated her death on the 7th postoperative day. Only nine other cases have been referred successful during the last 35 years, in a bibliographic review conducted. The associated malformations and surgical skills for treatment and separation of them, are studied: previous colostomy and effective separation at life ages, comprised between one and thirteen months.
Sigler Morales, L; Mier y Díaz, J; Melgoza Ortiz, C; Blanco Benavides, R; Medina González, E
Even when the number of patients with invasive amebiasis has decreased, the internist and surgeon must be alert in case that the patient requires an operation. Amebic liver abscess is treated medically; percutaneous evacuation is rarely used and surgical drainage is made when there is not response to medical treatment or there is high risk of abscess rupture. Operation is mandatory when the abscess has ruptured to the abdominal cavity or through the pericardial sac. In fulminant colitis it is necessary to resect the diseased portion of the colon without primary anastomoses. Amebic apendicitis is difficult to diagnosis before an operation. It may be suspected in cases of apendicitis if the cecal wall is inflammed. Colon ameboma requires medical treatment except if it is associated with necrosis or perforation. In a four year period (1985-1988) 294 patients with diagnosis of invasive amebiasis were admitted to three hospitals of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Mexico City. 218 had hepatic abscess, 45 required surgical drainage with four deaths (9%) and four not operated patients died. In this series only four patients had their abscess drained percutaneously. 31 patients with amebic colitis were treated; three required colonic resection with one death. Ameboma was seen in five patients and there were 11 cases of amebic apendicitis. No deaths occurred in these last two groups.
Bennett, G L; Weiner, D S; Leighley, B
We report a retrospective review of 50 consecutive patients (75 feet) with chronically symptomatic accessory tarsal naviculars that failed to improve with conservative treatment. Surgical treatment consisted of excision of the accessory tarsal navicular or medial protuberance of a prominent cornuate-shaped navicular combined with simple replication of the tibialis posterior tendon without altering its course. Good and excellent results were obtained in 45 (70 feet) of the 50 patients (90%). The procedure has a low rate of minor complications, is easy to perform, and is extremely well accepted by the patients.
Pola, E; Logroscino, C A; Gentiempo, M; Colangelo, D; Mazzotta, V; Di Meco, E; Fantoni, M
Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) represents approximately 2-7% of all cases of osteomyelitis. The approach to the treatment of PVO may be conservative, which includes antibiotic therapy and orthopaedic treatment, or surgical. To overview conservative and surigical approaches to PVO. A literature review was performed using the Pubmed database to identify studies published in the last 20 years, addressing the treatment of PVO. Empirical antibiotic treatment of PVO, while waiting for the results of cultures or in culture-negative cases, should include broad spectrum agents in association with agents active on Staphylococcus (S.) aureus. Based on local epidemiological data, antibiotics active on methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) should be included. Once an organism has been identified, antibiotics should be initially administered intravenously but the optimal duration of antimicrobial therapy is unclear. Studies have reported that the incidence of treatment failure was higher when i.v. therapy was administered for less than 4 weeks. Rifampin is widely used in the combination therapy of PVO, but no controlled trials are available to define weather this approach is beneficial. Many PVO need a surgical treatment and can represent a real challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. Anterior and posterior cervical, thoracic, lumbar approaches and the relatives surgical strategies are reported in this review. Moreover, recently the mininvasive posterior stabilization have been proposed as a efficient alternative to open surgery in elderly with severe comorbidities. Possible advantages and limitations of this technique are also reported. Further research is needed in order to define the optimal duration of antibiotic therapy, and the benefits and limitations of open or mini-invasive surgical techniques.
Zeng, Xiandong; Zhang, Yong
Anal fistula is a common disease. It is also quite difficult to be solved without recurrence or damage to the anal sphincter. Several techniques have been described for the management of anal fistula, but there is no final conclusion of their application in the treatment. This article summarizes the history of anal fistula management, the current techniques available, and describes new technologies. Internet online searches were performed from the CNKI and Wanfang databases to identify articles about anal fistula management including seton, fistulotomy, fistulectomy, LIFT operation, biomaterial treatment and new technology application. Every fistula surgery technique has its own place, so it is reasonable to give comprehensive individualized treatment to different patients, which may lead to reduced recurrence and avoidance of damage to the anal sphincter. New technologies provide promising alternatives to traditional methods of management. Surgeons still need to focus on the invention and improvement of the minimally invasive techniques. Besides, a new therapeutic idea is worth to explore that the focus of surgical treatment should be transferred to prevention of the formation of anal fistula after perianal abscess.
... Risky Surgical Combination A A A | Print | Share Smoking and Bone Healing – A Risky Surgical Combination Imagine ... saying that they'd prefer patients to quit smoking. There hasn't been a great deal of ...
Linyov, K A
The medical records of 100 patients with gunshot abdomen injuries were analysed. The damaging nature of the projectile, the nature of the damage and the combination with damage to other body parts were studied. The anesthesiologist--resuscitator and surgeon actions after hospitalisation of injured persons were postulated. The emergency victim examination was reduced to ultrasound and SCT. The indications for laparotomy in abdominal gunshot injuries were defined. Three most common variants of gunshot abdomen injuries were found. In surgical treatment we applied "damage control" strategy included the initial (abbreviated) operation, resuscitative therapy and final operation. The postoperative complications, couse of deaths was investigated.
Porubsky, Edward A; Gourin, Christine G
Acquired tracheoceles are rare clinical entities that can cause a variety of chronic and recurrent aerodigestive tract symptoms. The management of acquired tracheoceles is primarily conservative, but surgical intervention may be indicated for patients with refractory symptoms. We present a case of acquired tracheocele and describe a method of successful surgical management.
Sisk, Allen L.
There are many conditions in which chronic orofacial pain is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem. It is generally accepted that surgical treatment for these chronic pain problems should be resorted to only when more conservative treatments have been ineffective. Literature concerning selected orofacial pain problems is reviewed and the indications for surgical management are discussed. PMID:6370045
Berker, Nilufer; Batman, Cosar
The treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is still a subject of debate. Medical therapy efforts, as well as retinal laser photocoagulation, have mostly dealt with management of the sequelae of CRVO, and have shown limited success in improving visual acuity. The unsatisfactory results of such therapeutic efforts led to the development of new treatment strategies focused on the surgical treatment of the occluded retinal vein. The purpose of this review is to summarize the outcomes of commonly reported surgical treatment strategies and to review different opinions on the various surgical approaches to the treatment of CRVO.
Serra, J M; Valiente, E; Paloma, V; Samayoa, V; Ordiales, G; Mesa, F
Our surgical protocol for reconstruction of eyelid's defects after tumor excision is presented. Each technique is applied depending on the site and extension of the lesion and also on the pathologic characteristics of the tumor.
Kelkar, Jai Aditya; Gopal, Santhan; Shah, Rachana B; Kelkar, Aditya S
Surgical management of intermittent exotropias (IXTs) is ambiguous, with techniques of management varying widely between institutions. This review aims to examine available literature on the surgical management of IXT. A literature search was performed using PubMed, Web of Knowledge, LILACS, and the University of Liverpool Orthoptic Journals and Conference Transactions Database. All English-language papers published between 1958 and the present day were considered. PMID:26458472
Gressot, L V; Hassaneen, W; Fox, B D; Mitchell, B D; Tatsui, C E; Ehni, B L; Omeis, I
Simultaneous hemifacial spasm (HFS) and trigeminal neuralgia caused by cranial nerve (CN) compression from a tortuous basilar artery (BA) is very rare. We report a case of a 66-year-old man who presented with both HFS and "atypical" trigeminal neuralgia. The patient had a tortuous BA compressing both CN V and VII. The patient underwent microvascular decompression after failing conservative medical management. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of both HFS and "atypical" trigeminal neuralgia that were both successfully treated by surgical intervention. We report the management of this rare combination and review the literature.
Recent advances in technology are driving a renewed search to find surgical solutions for low vision rehabilitation. The scope of surgery is now being pushed beyond the initial goal of repairing existing anatomical structures. Today, the goal for vision rehabilitation is no less than replacing damaged ocular tissues with artificial ones. Surgical management of low vision may be subdivided into two categories, those procedures aimed at restoring ultrastructural visual function and those aimed at enhancing visual acuity of the residual retina with various levels of magnification. This paper briefly reviews advances in ultrastructural restoration by repair and considers in more detail enhanced acuity through magnification or replacement.
Kobus, Kazimierz; Wójcicki, Piotr
Morphology, genetic conditioning, terminology, and the principles of treatment of Treacher Collins syndrome have been presented on the basis of our own material, as well as review of literature. Fifty patients (27 males, 23 females) were operated on at the Hospital of Plastic Surgery in Polanica Zdrój from 1976 to 2005. The patients were first seen when they were from 1 to 32 years of age (mean, 7). The disease was hereditary in 17 patients, while the remaining subjects did not reveal any genetic conditioning. The lifesaving surgical treatment was undertaken in 4 children with the most severe form of the disease who presented with dyspnea and paroxysmal apnea. In those cases, the treatment aimed at improving the respiratory function by restoring patency of the nostrils and distraction of the mandible. Twelve patients were operated on for cleft palate between 1 and 2 years of age. Twelve patients had eyelid correction with the use of musculocutaneous flap transposition from the upper eyelid (Z-plasty). The zygomatic bone and lateral wall of the orbit were reconstructed by means of iliac bone grafts in 26 patients. The auricular reconstruction was usually undertaken after 10 years of age. Nine patients underwent bilateral auricular reconstruction by means of a modified Brent method. Fifteen patients aged 12-14 had chin osteotomy according to the Obwegeser method. Nasal osteotomy was performed in 10 patients with characteristic broad, long, and hooked noses, who were operated on after 16 years of age and after completion of orthognathic treatment. In total, 258 surgical procedures were performed in 50 patients, an average of 5.2 operations per every patient. Apart from a multistage surgical treatment, the patients required a combined multidisciplinary approach, mainly due to hearing impairment and occlusal disturbances. The obtained outcome of treatment, although far from being perfect, but still beneficial, confirmed the correctness of applied approach but at the
Galich, S P; Gindich, O A; Dabizha, A Yu; Ogorodnik, Ya P
Results of surgical treatment of 37 patients for the head and neck capillary malformations were analyzed. Optimal surgical tactics, depending on the malformation form and localization, was proposed. Restitution of the tissues defect after excision of malformation, using the flaps transposition, have permitted to achieve good esthetic results.
Similar to other anorectal malformations, cloaca also represents a spectrum of defects that goes from "benign" cloaca with a good functional prognosis that can be repaired with a relatively simple surgical technique, to very complex malformations with many anatomic variations that require different surgical maneuvers to be able to successfully reconstruct those patients. The group of patients born with a "benign" type of cloaca will have bowel and urinary control, will become sexually active and may get pregnant and deliver by cesarean section. All this is possible, provided the malformation is repaired with a meticulous and delicate technique. Fortunately this represents more than 50% of all cloacas. Our belief is that the surgical technique to repair this group of defects is reproducible and can be taught to pediatric surgical trainees. On the other hand, complex cloaca with a common channel longer than 3 cm should be repaired by surgeons fully dedicated to repair these malformations. The experience reported in this paper is based on 570 patients with cloaca operated by Dr. Alberto Peña and the author in the last 8 years. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
[Differential surgical treatment of victims with damage to the small and large intestines in a closed abdominal injury combined, depending on the prediction of traumatic disease course and morphological changes of the intestinal wall].
Zaruts'kyĭ, Ia L; Denysenko, V M; Khomenko, I P; Levkivskyĭ, R H
Use of differentiated surgical approach to the management of surgical treatment, depending on the degree of violation of systemic hemodynamics, the timing and volume of surgical procedures, depending on the prognosis of traumatic disease course of cardiac index, interventions in the small and large intestine depending on morphological changes of the intestinal wall by cardiac and stroke indexes, put method extra-enteric anastomosis in patients with damage to the small intestine and colon combined with closed abdominal injury permitted to reduce the rate of postoperative complications from 22.2 to 10.1%, mortality at 2.1 times in shock period (from 19.3 to 9.2%) and the overall mortality from 33.3 to 21.1%.
Schrom, T; Bast, F
Impairment of the peripheral or central part of the facial nerve causes an ipsilateral peripheral facial nerve paresis. It is quite a common syndrome and affects 20-35 persons per 100,000 per year in Western Europe and the United States. A possible complication of facial palsy is paralytic lagophthalmos with aesthetic and functional impairment for the patient. Beside primary nerve reconstructive procedures plastic-reconstructive procedures play a major role in correcting paralytic lagophthalmos. The eyebrow, upper and lower lids, medial and lateral lid angle as well as the lacrimal system need to be seen as functional units and can be corrected with local surgical procedures. Restoration of eye closure is the most important goal in treating the affected eye. Due to the significant aesthetic limitations and resultant psychological stress for the patient cosmetic aspects must be included in the surgical concept.
Welte, Maria; Izbicki, Jakob R.; Bachmann, Kai
The pancreas was one of the last explored organs in the human body. The first surgical experiences were made before fully understanding the function of the gland. Surgical procedures remained less successful until the discovery of insulin, blood groups, and finally the possibility of blood donation. Throughout the centuries, the surgical approach went from radical resections to minimal resections or only drainage of the gland in comparison to an adequate resection combined with drainage procedures. Today, the well-known and standardized procedures are considered as safe due to the high experience of operating surgeons, the centering of pancreatic surgery in specialized centers, and optimized perioperative treatment. Although surgical procedures have become safer and more efficient than ever, the overall perioperative morbidity after pancreatic surgery remains high and management of postoperative complications stagnates. Current research focuses on the prevention of complications, optimizing the patient's general condition preoperatively and finding the appropriate timing for surgical treatment. PMID:28819358
Danek, T; Janousek, R; Havlícek, K
Authors present their experience with combined trombolytic-surgical treatment of acute ischaemia of low extremity based on trombosis of popliteal artery aneurysm. This treatment was performed in three patients. Authors compare results of intraarterial catheter pharmacological trombolysis of infrapopliteal arteries with indirect surgical trombolysis.
Shim, Jong Sup; Koh, Kyoung Hwan; Lee, Do Kyung
Background The purpose of this study was to report outcomes of congenital hallux varus deformity after surgical treatment. Methods We evaluated ten feet of eight patients with a congenital hallux varus deformity, including four feet combined with a longitudinal epiphyseal bracket (LEB). There were seven male patients and one female patient with a mean age of 33 months (range, 7 to 103 months) at the time of surgery. Two patients were bilaterally involved. The mean duration of follow-up was 5.9 years (range, 2.3 to 13.8 years). Clinical outcomes were assessed according to the criteria of Phelps and Grogan. Surgical procedures included the Farmer procedure, the McElvenny procedure or an osteotomy at the first metatarsal or proximal phalanx. Results The clinical results were excellent in two feet, good in six and poor in two feet. The LEB was associated with hallux varus in four feet and were treated by osteotomy alone or in conjunction with soft tissue procedure. Conclusions Congenital hallux varus was successfully corrected by surgery with overall favorable outcome. Preoperatively, a LEB should be considered as a possible cause of the deformity in order to prevent recurrent or residual varus after surgery. PMID:24900905
Dinu, Doina; Grigorescu, Adina; David, Roxana; Urda, S
Taking into consideration the age of the patient, the strabismus surgery targets different things. Thus, for infants, the goal of the surgical intervention for congenital esotropia, is to prevent the occurrence of amblyopia and binocular vision dysfunctions (ARC, suppression). In preschool children, we operate aiming the recovery of the binocular vision, while in children over ten years old, the surgery is done only for esthetic reasons. On the other hand, in adults, the strabismus surgery has two aspects: for esthetic reasons in monocular strabismus with amblyopia, or for diplopia treatment in strabismus of traumatic or neurological cause. To get the best results, the surgical intervention has to respect several rules, which differ with patient's age. This presentation will discuss several surgical procedures: for congenital esotropia (including its advantages and drawbacks), for preschool children strabismus and also for strabismus in adults. We will also review the surgical treatment for Duane syndrome, Ciancia syndrome and superior oblique muscle palsy.
Lipsett, Pamela A; Pitt, Henry A
Biliary cystic disease is uncommon in Asia and very rare in Europe and the Americas. Patients with biliary cysts may present as infants, children, or adults. When patients present as adults, they are more likely to have stones in the gallbladder, common duct, or intrahepatic ducts and to present with biliary colic, acute cholecystitis, cholangitis, or gallstone pancreatitis. With increasing age at presentation, the risks of intrahepatic strictures and stones, segmented hepatic atrophy/hypertrophy, secondary biliary cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and biliary malignancy all increase significantly. Factors to be considered when performing surgery on patients with biliary cystic disease include: (1) age, (2) presenting symptoms, (3) cyst type, (4) associated biliary stones, (5) prior biliary surgery, (6) intrahepatic strictures, (7) hepatic atrophy/hypertrophy, (8) biliary cirrhosis, (9) portal hypertension, and (10) associated biliary malignancy. In general, regardless of age, presenting symptoms, biliary stones, prior surgery or other secondary problems, surgery should include cholecystectomy and excision of extrahepatic cyst(s). With respect to the distal bile duct, the surgical principle should be excision of a portion of the intrapancreatic bile duct with care to not injure the pancreatic duct or a long common channel. Resection of the pancreatic head should be reserved for patients with an established malignancy. With respect to the intrahepatic ducts, surgery should be individualized depending on whether (1) both lobes are involved, (2) strictures and stones are present, (3) cirrhosis has developed, or (4) an associated malignancy is localized or metastatic. When the liver is not cirrhotic, hepatic parenchyma should be preserved even when strictures and stones are present. If cirrhosis is advanced, hepatic transplantation may be indicated, but this sequence of events is unusual. If a malignancy has developed, oncologic principles should be followed. Whenever
Sultanov, D D; Usmanov, N U; Kurbanov, N R; Abdulloev, N K
The authors report herein the results of examination and surgical management of fifty-one patients presenting with cervical ribs. Of these, there were 33 women. Compression of the neurovascular bundle (NVB) was found to be caused by a supplementary cervical rib in twenty-three patients while in the remaining 28 patients by a rudimentary cervical rib. Twenty-two patients were found to have clinical manifestations of Raynaud's syndrome. The presence of abnormal cervical ribs was determined roentgenologically. All the patients with rudimentary cervical ribs and twelve of the 23 patients with supplementary cervical ribs were diagnosed as having bilateral abnormalities. Haemodynamics was studied by Doppler ultrasonography revealing blood flow impairments in upper-limb arteries in Edson's test in patients with supplementary cervical ribs and Raynaud's syndrome. In rudimentary cervical rib - only in the development of Raynaud's syndrome. The nervous function was studied by means of electroneuromyography (ENMG). All the patients were diagnosed as having a significant decrease in both motor and sensitive nervous conductivity of the radial and median nerves. All patients were operated on under endotracheal anaesthesia. Decompression operations were carried out in fifty-one patients, with selective thoracocervical sympathectomy performed in twelve. For treating rudimentary cervical rib, we worked out a combined method of an operative intervention. Analysing the obtained surgical outcomes showed the following: forty-four patients (86.3%) endured the operation with no complications. Intraoperative complications were noted to occur in 5.9% of patients and complications in the immediate postoperative period were observed to develop in 7.8% of patients. All the encountered complications turned out transient, easily amendable to treatment, and did not influence the final outcome of the operation. In the remote period up to 5 years positive results remained in 90.2% of the patients.
González Muñoz, J I; Córdoba Peláez, M; Tébar Boti, E; Téllez Cantero, J C; Castedo Mejuto, E; Varela de Ugarte, A
Osteomyelitis of the sternocosto-clavicular (SCC) articulation is a rare infection usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus and enterobacteria. It usually occurs in individuals with osteoarticular disease or predisposing factors. Prolonged antibiotic treatment and articular puncture are generally accepted. Authors do not agree on an established protocol. We report three cases of SCC septic arthritis in two previously healthy patients with two foci of infection (one perianal abscess and one dental extraction) and in one adult patient with Still's disease. Pain and intense inflammation was referred to the shoulder, with scarce leukocytosis and fever reaching 38 degrees C. The germs responsible were S. aureus, Bacteroides fragilis and B. oralis. Two of the patients had local, regional abscesses. Long-term antibiotic treatment failed in all cases and surgery for SCC resection and myoplasty of the pectoralis major muscle was required. Recovery was good and shoulder and arm mobility was excellent. We propose medical treatment and articular diagnostic-therapeutic puncture as the first line of therapy for this disease. When evolution is poor or when complications appear, such as abscesses or mediastinitis, we conclude that radical debridement and myoplasty of the pectoralis major muscle are indicated.
appropriate results, the chest should be carefully inspected after closure of the skin, and flaws, if they exist, should be corrected right then. Also, surgical repair of all pectus anomalies, especially excavatum deformities, should be supplemented in due time with an appropriate exercise program. Swimming and weight lifting are especially useful. 6) We found that the age limit imposed on small children by some authors is unnecessary, and as a matter of fact it is preferable to operate on children at an early age, around 2 years, because of commonly existing psychologic problems at a later age. The author advises restraint in operating on individuals past the teenage years unless the deformity is physiologically restricting. 7) The jury is still out regarding procedures using limited exposure and that do not use transverse sternotomy to correct the depressed or elevated sternal axis. 8) The usage of cosmetic procedures, or in other words, operations that do not correct the anomaly of the bony chest wall but use various implants as camouflage, should be restricted to cases of moderate excavatum anomalies in late teenage patients and to adults without cardiorespiratory symptoms.
Ferrarese, Alessia; Moggia, Elisabetta; Francone, Elisa; Sagnelli, Carlo; Martino, Maria Di; de Franciscis, Stefano; Amato, Bruno; Grande, Raffaele; Butrico, Lucia; Amato, Maurizio; Serra, Raffaele; Martino, Valter; Berti, Stefano
Abstract Lymphedema is a chronic disease with a progressively ingravescent evolvement and an appearance of recurrent complications of acute lymphangitic type; in nature it is mostly erysipeloid and responsible for a further rapid increase in the volume and consistency of edema. The purpose of this work is to present our experience in the minimally invasive treatment for recurrence of lymphedema; adapting techniques performed in the past which included large fasciotomy with devastating results cosmetically; but these techniques have been proposed again by the use of endoscopic equipment borrowed from the advanced laparoscopy surgery, which allows a monoskin access of about one cm.
Zaina, Fabio; Tomkins-Lane, Christy; Carragee, Eugene; Negrini, Stefano
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a debilitating condition associated with degeneration of the spine with aging. To evaluate the effectiveness of different types of surgery compared with different types of non-surgical interventions in adults with symptomatic LSS. Primary outcomes included quality of life, disability, function and pain. Also, to consider complication rates and side effects, and to evaluate short-, intermediate- and long-term outcomes (six months, six months to two years, five years or longer). We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, five other databases and two trials registries up to February 2015. We also screened reference lists and conference proceedings related to treatment of the spine. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing surgical versus non-operative treatments in participants with lumbar spinal stenosis confirmed by clinical and imaging findings. For data collection and analysis, we followed methods guidelines of the Cochrane Back and Neck Review Group (Furlan 2009) and those provided in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions (Higgins 2011). From the 12,966 citations screened, we assessed 26 full-text articles and included five RCTs (643 participants).Low-quality evidence from the meta-analysis performed on two trials using the Oswestry Disability Index (pain-related disability) to compare direct decompression with or without fusion versus multi-modal non-operative care showed no significant differences at six months (mean difference (MD) -3.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) -10.12 to 2.80) and at one year (MD -6.18, 95% CI -15.03 to 2.66). At 24 months, significant differences favoured decompression (MD -4.43, 95% CI -7.91 to -0.96). Low-quality evidence from one small study revealed no difference in pain outcomes between decompression and usual conservative care (bracing and exercise) at three months (risk ratio (RR) 1.38, 95% CI 0.22 to 8.59), four years (RR
Snyder, William H.
On the basis of statistics, total thymectomy should be considered for the treatment of myasthenia gravis if the disease is severe and response to well regulated medical management is unsatisfactory. That improvement follows the operation in many cases, particularly if symptoms are of recent development, is indicated by reports in the literature. Of two patients operated upon by the author, one whose symptoms were of short duration was benefited objectively and subjectively; the other, in whom symptoms had existed seven years, said she felt better but there was no objective evidence of improvement. Patients should be told beforehand of the operative risks involved and the uncertainty of prognosis following the procedure. ImagesFigure 1 PMID:18109366
Allum, William H.; Bonavina, Luigi; Cassivi, Stephen D.; Cuesta, Miguel A.; Dong, Zhao Ming; Felix, Valter Nilton; Figueredo, Edgar; Gatenby, Piers A.C.; Haverkamp, Leonie; Ibraev, Maksat A.; Krasna, Mark J.; Lambert, René; Langer, Rupert; Lewis, Michael P.N.; Nason, Katie S.; Parry, Kevin; Preston, Shaun R.; Ruurda, Jelle P.; Schaheen, Lara W.; Tatum, Roger P.; Turkin, Igor N.; van der Horst, Sylvia; van der Peet, Donald L.; van der Sluis, Peter C.; van Hillegersberg, Richard; Wormald, Justin C.R.; Wu, Peter C.; Zonderhuis, Barbara M.
The following, from the 12th OESO World Conference: Cancers of the Esophagus, includes commentaries on the role of the nurse in preparation of esophageal resection (ER); the management of patients who develop high-grade dysplasia after having undergone Nissen fundoplication; the trajectory of care for the patient with esophageal cancer; the influence of the site of tumor in the choice of treatment; the best location for esophagogastrostomy; management of chylous leak after esophagectomy; the optimal approach to manage thoracic esophageal leak after esophagectomy; the choice for operational approach in surgery of cardioesophageal crossing; the advantages of robot esophagectomy; the place of open esophagectomy; the advantages of esophagectomy compared to definitive chemoradiotherapy; the pathologist report in the resected specimen; the best way to manage patients with unsuspected positive microscopic margin after ER; enhanced recovery after surgery for ER: expedited care protocols; and long-term quality of life in patients following esophagectomy. PMID:25266029
Cossu, Massimo; Pelliccia, Veronica; Gozzo, Francesca; Casaceli, Giuseppe; Francione, Stefano; Nobili, Lino; Mai, Roberto; Castana, Laura; Sartori, Ivana; Cardinale, Francesco; Lo Russo, Giorgio; Tassi, Laura
The role of resective surgery in the treatment of polymicrogyria (PMG)-related focal epilepsy is uncertain. Our aim was to retrospectively evaluate the seizure outcome in a consecutive series of patients with PMG-related epilepsy who received, or did not receive, surgical treatment, and to outline the clinical characteristics of patients who underwent surgery. We evaluated 64 patients with epilepsy associated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-documented PMG. After presurgical evaluation, 32 patients were excluded from surgical treatment and 32 were offered surgery, which was declined by 8 patients. Seizure outcome was assessed in the 40 nonsurgical and 24 surgical patients. Of 40 nonsurgical patients, 8 (20%) were seizure-free after a mean follow-up of 91.7 ± (standard deviation) 59.5 months. None of the eight patients who declined surgical treatment was seizure-free (mean follow-up: 74.3 ± 60.6 months). These seizure outcomes differ significantly (p = 0.000005 and p = 0.0003, respectively) from that of the 24 surgical patients, 18 of whom (66.7%) were Engel's class I postoperatively (mean follow-up: 66.5 ± 54.0 months). Of the eight patients excluded from surgery for seizure control at first visit, two had seizure recurrence at last contact. At last contact, antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) had been withdrawn in 6 of 24 surgical and in one of 40 nonsurgical cases (p = 0.0092). The present study indicates that, at least in a subset of adequately selected patients with PMG-related epilepsy, surgery may provide excellent seizure outcomes. Furthermore, it suggests that surgery is superior to AEDs for achieving seizure freedom in these cases. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 International League Against Epilepsy.
Ortmaier, R.; Koller, H.; Koller, J.; Hitzl, W.; Auffarth, A.; Resch, H.; von Keudell, A.
Objective. Long-term radiological and clinical outcome retrospective study of surgical treatment for T12 and L1 burst fractures in perspective of sagittal balance measures. Methods. Patients with age of 16–60 years, complete radiographs, early surgical treatment surgery, and follow-up (F/U) > 18 months were included and strict exclusion criteria applied. Regional and thoracolumbar kyphosis angles (RKA and TLA) were measured preoperatively and at final F/U, as were parameters of the spinopelvic sagittal alignment. Clinical outcomes were assessed using validated measures. Results. 36 patients with age mean age of 39 years and F/U of 69 months were included. 61% of patients were treated with bisegmental posterior instrumentation (POST-I) and 39% with combined posteroanterior instrumented fusion (PA-F). At F/U, several indicators for clinical outcomes showed a significant correlation with radiographic measures in the overall cohort with inferior clinical outcomes corresponding with increasing residual deformity and sagittal malalignment. Statistical analysis failed to reach level of significance for the differences between POST-I and PA-F group at final F/U. Only a strong trend towards better restoration of the thoracolumbar alignment was observed for the PA-F group in terms of the RKA and TLA. Conclusions. Results in a surgically treated cohort of T12 and L1 burst fracture patients indicate that superior clinical outcomes depend on restoration of sagittal alignment. PMID:28164114
Williams, Sharon; Cunningham, Emily; Pories, Walter J
This article explores the surprising finding that bariatric surgery can produce full and durable remission of the metabolic syndrome as well as other comorbidities of obesity including type II diabetes, hypertension, polycystic ovary syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux disease, nonalcoholic steatotic hepatitis, adult asthma and improvement in weight-bearing arthropathy. Such an outcome was previously deemed impossible. One effect of the surgery is the correction of hyperinsulinemia, a common denominator in the various expressions of the metabolic syndrome. Basal insulin levels return to normal levels within a matter of days following surgery, allowing a return of the first phase of insulin secretion. This effect is 'dose related' to the extent of the reduction of contact between food and the gut. The resolution of the spectrum of diseases that comprise the metabolic syndrome following bariatric surgery suggests that hyperinsulinemia may be the common cause that is corrected by lowering contact between food and the gut. If this concept is true, then the cause of the syndrome, including diabetes, could be a diabetogenic signal from the gut that forces the islets to produce excessive and harmful levels of insulin, or the cause could be the removal of a signal that blocks excessive insulin secretion. If either of these mechanisms is proven correct, the current treatment of diabetes with long-term insulin administration deserves review.
Bigazzi, P.; Casini, C.; De Angelis, C.; Ceruso, M.
Radioulnar synostosis is a rare complication of forearm fractures. The formation of a bony bridge induces functional disability due to limitation of the pronosupination. Although the etiology of posttraumatic synostosis is unknown, it seems that the incidence is higher in patients who have suffered a concomitant neurological or burn trauma, and extensive soft tissue injury, mainly due to high-energy impact. Surgical treatment, such as reinsertion of distal biceps tendon into the radius, seems to be another possible factor. The aim of the surgical treatment is to remove the bony bridge and restore complete range of movement (ROM), thus preventing recurrence. Literature does not indicate a preferred type of surgical procedure for the aforementioned complication; however, it has been shown that surgical interposition of inert material reduces the formation rate of recurrent bony bridge. We describe a surgical technique in two cases in which the radius and ulna were wrapped with allogenic, cadaver fascia lata graft to prevent bony bridge formation. The data from 2 years of follow-up are reported, indicating full restoration of ROM and no recurrence of synostosis. PMID:26977328
Mau, H; Koch, M; Bürger, K
The main reason for renovascular hypertension in children is ideopathic fibrous and fibromuscular displasia. The pathogenetic classification of the disease was worked out in 1971 by Harrison and McCormac. Of all cases of hypertension in children between 5 and 20% are of renovascular origin. The illness demands an absolute necessity for treatment. The concept of management of renovascular hypertension includes the conservative treatment as well as angioplasty and especially the surgical reconstruction of the arteries. Nephrectomy should be considered as the treatment of last resort. For the surgical reconstruction of arteries a variety of techniques are available. Aortorenal bypasses using autologous arterial or venous grafts are expecially suitable in surgical treatment of renovascular hypertension in children. Results given in literature of the management of 334 children with renovascular hypertension and 8 own cases were evaluated by us according to the criteria of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. In the majority of surgical treated children a substantial improvement in the state of health, or cure, could be achieved.
Souza-Gallardo, Luis Manuel; Martínez-Ordaz, José Luis
Appendicitis represents a common disease for the surgeon with a relative risk between 7-8%. It was thought that if more time passed between diagnosis and treatment, the risk for complications, such as perforation or abscess formation, was higher; nevertheless; the evolution is variable, making necessary the development of different strategies such as antibiotic use only, interval surgery or endoscopic treatment. The purpose of this study is to make a revision in the management of appendicitis comparing conservative and surgical treatment. It is known that traditional management of appendicitis is appendectomy with a complication rate of 2.5% to 48%. Nowadays, laparoscopy is the approach of choice by many surgeons and there have proposed new invasive techniques such as endoscopic treatment with the use of prosthesis and ambulatory surgery. Antibiotic use is essential in the management of appendicitis. Its use as the only strategy to treat this disease has the purpose of lowering costs and diminishing complications related to surgery or the resection of the organ. We conclude that the ideal management of appendicitis remains controversial and it will depend of the clinical characteristics of each patient and the resources available.
This study examined the clinical features of complications of congenital retinoschisis and the clinical efficacy of vitreoretinal surgery in the treatment of these complications. The clinical efficacy of surgical treatments was retrospectively analyzed in 10 patients with congenital retinoschisis (10 eyes) complicated with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (n=5), vitreous hemorrhage (n=2) and macula- involving schisis (n=1). All the patients suffered foveal and peripheral schisis. They were treated with scleral buckling (n=1) or vitrectomy (n=9). After the surgical treatment, the retina was reattached in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment; the refractive media became transparent in those with vitreous hemorrhage; the visual acuity in 80% of patients was improved; no remarkable progression of schisis was found; no severe operative complications occurred. It was concluded that vitreoretinal surgery in the treatment of complications of congenital retinoschisis is safe and effective, and helps improve and maintain the visual function.
Andolfi, Ciro; Jalilvand, Anahita; Plana, Alejandro; Fisichella, P Marco
The management of paraesophageal hernia (PEH) can be challenging due to the lack of consensus regarding indications and principles of operative treatment. In addition, data about the pathophysiology of the hernias are scant. Therefore, the goal of this review is to shed light and describe the classification, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and indications for treatment of PEHs, and provide an overview of the surgical management and a description of the technical principles of the repair.
Carrillo-Esper, Raúl; Muciño-Bermejo, María Jimena
Sustained remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus and significantly improved hyperlipidemia and arterial hypertension, control has been achieves in both lean and obese patient after bariatric surgery procedures or other gastrointestinal surgical procedures. It has been demonstrated that the metabolic effects of bariatric surgery in these patients derives not only in reducing weight and caloric intake, but also endocrine changes resulting from surgical manifestation gastrointestinal tract. In this article we review the clinical outcomes of such interventions (collectively called "metabolic surgery") and the perspectives on the role that these surgeries play in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Iida, Atsushi; Yamaguchi, Akio
Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is major treatment for acid reflux. It reduces major symptom of GERD and effective. However, the cause of GERD is the insufficiency of anti-reflux mechanism of cardia. Only surgical treatment can care for hiatal hernia as the main cause of the disruption. Redundant reflux against conservative treatment or obvious hiatal hernia is indication for laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Late diagnosis might request radical operation, so we need to know the indication for laparoscopic treatment. For the safer laparoscopic procedure, we perform curtain retraction technique and Floppy Nissen -short cuff method. The former contribute to prevent hemorrhage or pneumothorax, and the latter can reduce the post-operative disphagia.
Bahcivan, Muzaffer; Keceligil, H Tahsin; Kolbakir, Fersat; Gol, M Kamil
Peripheral arterial aneurysms (PAA) may rupture, cause emboli and ischemia, and local symptoms due to compression. A total of 109 patients who underwent surgery for PAA were analyzed retrospectively, including clinical presentation, surgical procedures used, and postoperative follow-up data obtained 10 days after discharge. True aneurysm was present in 59 (54.1%) patients and pseudoaneurysm in 50 (45.9%). The femoral artery was the most common location. The surgical procedures used were as follows: graft interposition in 31 patients, bypass with synthetic or autologous grafts in 33 patients, aneurysm ligation in 5 patients, primary repair in 41 patients, and patch angioplasty reconstruction in 7 patients. One patient died as a result of massive hemorrhage. In four patients, amputation had to be performed. It is possible to prevent amputation and other complications, including mortality, during the surgical treatment of symptomatic and asymptomatic PAA.
Fridley, J.; Reddy, G.; Curry, D.; Agadi, S.
Pediatric epileptiform encephalopathies are a group of neurologically devastating disorders related to uncontrolled ictal and interictal epileptic activity, with a poor prognosis. Despite the number of pharmacological options for treatment of epilepsy, many of these patients are drug resistant. For these patients with uncontrolled epilepsy, motor and/or neuropsychological deterioration is common. To prevent these secondary consequences, surgery is often considered as either a curative or a palliative option. Magnetic resonance imaging to look for epileptic lesions that may be surgically treated is an essential part of the workup for these patients. Many surgical procedures for the treatment of epileptiform encephalopathies have been reported in the literature. In this paper the evidence for these procedures for the treatment of pediatric epileptiform encephalopathies is reviewed. PMID:24288601
Tarantino, R; Donnarumma, P; Fazzolari, B; Marruzzo, D; Delfini, R
To evaluate the best treatment of Pott's disease. 7 cases of Pott's disease were treated in the department of Neurosurgery of Sapienza University of Rome (Italy) between 2004 to 2011. All patients underwent surgical drainage of abscess and vertebral stabilization. In all cases culture exam showed positivity after 40 days of incubation. After surgery for a period of one year chemotherapy was administered. In all cases MRI scan with gd of the spinal column were performed 12 months after surgery and no recurrence of disease has been shown. Pott's disease is defined as vertebral involvement of extrapulmonary Tubercolosis (TB), involving mainly toraco-lumbar tract of the spine. MRI with gd represents the gold standard for the diagnosis. Treatment can be medical, surgical or usually both. The slippery course of the disease often causes a delay in getting to a diagnosis that is not made prior to rising signs, such as large abscess, neurological impairment or vertebral fractures. In these cases medical treatment alone did not show effective results, because no specific antibiotic drug can permeate the abscess's capsule, and an effective concentration is not achieved in the infection's site. Therefore, surgical treatment is necessary to abscess draining and setting the correct medical treatment to mycobacterial eradication.
de Santibañes, Martín; Cristiano, Agustín; Mazza, Oscar; Grossenbacher, Luis; de Santibañes, Eduardo; Sánchez Clariá, Rodrigo; Sivori, Enrique; García Mónaco, Ricardo; Pekolj, Juan
The endogenous hyperinsulinemic hypoglicemia syndrome (EHHS) can be caused by an insulinoma, or less frequently, by nesidioblastosis in the pediatric population, also known as non insulinoma pancreatic hypoglycemic syndrome (NIPHS) in adults. The aim of this paper is to show the strategy for the surgical treatment of ehhs. A total of 19 patients with a final diagnosis of insulinoma or NIPHS who were treated surgically from january 2007 until june 2012 were included. We describe the clinical presentation and preoperative work-up. Emphasis is placed on the surgical technique, complications and long-term follow-up. All patients had a positive fasting plasma glucose test. Preoperative localization of the lesions was possible in 89.4% of cases. The most frequent surgery was distal pancreatectomy with spleen preservation (9 cases). Three patients with insulinoma presented with synchronous metastases, which were treated with simultaneous surgery. There was no perioperative mortality and morbidity was 52.6%. Histological analysis revealed that 13 patients (68.4%) had benign insulinoma, 3 malignant insulinoma with liver metastases and 3 with a final diagnosis of SHPNI. Median follow-up was 20 months. All patients diagnosed with benign insulinoma or NIPHS had symptom resolution. The surgical treatment of EHHS achieves excellent long-term results in the control of hypoglucemic symptoms. Copyright © 2012 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
Hinojosa, J; Esparza, J; Muñoz, M J; Salván, R; Romance, A; Alén, J F; Muñoz, A
Premature closure of metopic suture is a relatively uncommon form of craniosyostosis with an estimated incidence of 0,3 per 1000 live births, comprising about 7% of surgical craniosynostosis referred to craniofacial centers. A broad phenotypical spectrum spreads from minor metopic ridges to severe trigonocephaly with pterional indentation supraorbital bar retrusion, temporal and parietal compensating bossings and hypotelorism. Most of the cases arise spontaneously although autosomal dominant inheritance has been described and association with cromosomal abnormalities and different syndromes has been widely reported. Surgical correction has been attempted with good cosmetic results using several variations of the standard frontoorbitary advance. However there is still a number of questions to be solved in relation to this entity, mainly on its pathogenesis, but also on its development, natural history and treatment. Direct surgical approach to associated hypotelorism is a matter of argument when considering the reestablishment of normal interorbitary distances. We have conducted a retrospective analysis of our serie consisting of twenty-eight cases of trigonocephalies. Surgical correction of hypotelorism was attempted in eleven cases while the resting seven children remained "not treated". The objective was to review the functional outcome and cosmetic results comparing the different techniques applied to the frontal bone and to observe evolution of the hypoteleorbitism after the treatment with or without osteotomies and grafting of the nasoethmoidal area.
Tiemann, A. H.; Hofmann, G. O.
The basic treatment of osteomyelitis remains even today the surgical debridement in combination with a wound irrigation by lavage systems. Next to a comprehensive knowledge of the surgical techniques a profound knowledge of the lavage systems, the rinsing solutions used and the philosophies of revision programs are a must. In this article the typical hardware of modern lavage systems is analysed, their advantages and disadvantages are pointed out. In addition we investigate the value of common antiseptic wound irrigation solutions for their use in osteomyelitis therapy. Finally the two basic philosophies of wound revision and irrigation in the course of osteomyelitis therapy are presented and discussed. PMID:26504692
Yaramov, N; Sokolov, M; Angelov, K; Toshev, S; Petrov, B
Achalasia comes from a Greek word that means "failure to relax." Cardiospasm and achalasia refer to the same condition. This report addresses esophageal achalasia--its history, diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment options. We report our experience in treating this disorder surgically using modified Heller myotomy combined or not with partial gastric fundoplication. 47 patients with achalasia surgically operated in 20-years period are reported by authors. These features make it reasonable to reasses the relative indications for surgery and nonsurgical therapy in achalasia of the esophagus.
Wagner, Timothy D. Kobayashi, Wendy; Dean, Susan; Goldberg, Saveli I.; Kirsch, David G.; Suit, Herman D.; Hornicek, Francis J.; Pedlow, Francis X.; Raskin, Kevin A.; Springfield, Dempsey S.; Yoon, Sam S.; Gebhardt, Marc C.; Mankin, Henry J.; DeLaney, Thomas F.
Purpose: To assess the feasibility and outcomes of combination short-course preoperative radiation, resection, and reduced-field (tumor bed without operative field coverage) high-dose postoperative radiation for patients with solid tumors mainly involving the spine and pelvis. Methods and Materials: Between 1982 and 2006, a total of 48 patients were treated using this treatment strategy for solid tumors involving bone. Radiation treatments used both photons and protons. Results: Of those treated, 52% had chordoma, 31% had chondrosarcoma, 8% had osteosarcoma, and 4% had Ewing's sarcoma, with 71% involving the pelvis/sacrum and 21% elsewhere in the spine. Median preoperative dose was 20 Gy, with a median of 50.4 Gy postoperatively. With 31.8-month median follow-up, the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate is 65%; 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate, 53.8%; and 5-year local control (LC) rate, 72%. There were no significant differences in OS, DFS, and LC according to histologic characteristics. Between primary and recurrent disease, there was no significant difference in OS rates (74.4% vs. 51.4%, respectively; p = 0.128), in contrast to DFS (71.5% vs. 18.3%; p = 0.0014) and LC rates (88.9% vs. 30.9%; p = 0.0011) favoring primary disease. After resection, 10 patients experienced delayed wound healing that did not significantly impact on OS, DFS, or LC. Conclusion: This approach is promising for patients with bone sarcomas in which resection will likely yield close/positive margins. It appears to inhibit tumor seeding with an acceptable rate of wound-healing complications. Dose escalation is accomplished without high-dose preoperative radiation (likely associated with higher rates of acute wound healing delays) or large-field postoperative radiation only (likely associated with late normal tissue toxicity). The LC and DFS rates are substantially better for patients with primary than recurrent sarcomas.
Wagner, Timothy D; Kobayashi, Wendy; Dean, Susan; Goldberg, Saveli I; Kirsch, David G; Suit, Herman D; Hornicek, Francis J; Pedlow, Francis X; Raskin, Kevin A; Springfield, Dempsey S; Yoon, Sam S; Gebhardt, Marc C; Mankin, Henry J; Delaney, Thomas F
To assess the feasibility and outcomes of combination short-course preoperative radiation, resection, and reduced-field (tumor bed without operative field coverage) high-dose postoperative radiation for patients with solid tumors mainly involving the spine and pelvis. Between 1982 and 2006, a total of 48 patients were treated using this treatment strategy for solid tumors involving bone. Radiation treatments used both photons and protons. Of those treated, 52% had chordoma, 31% had chondrosarcoma, 8% had osteosarcoma, and 4% had Ewing's sarcoma, with 71% involving the pelvis/sacrum and 21% elsewhere in the spine. Median preoperative dose was 20 Gy, with a median of 50.4 Gy postoperatively. With 31.8-month median follow-up, the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate is 65%; 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate, 53.8%; and 5-year local control (LC) rate, 72%. There were no significant differences in OS, DFS, and LC according to histologic characteristics. Between primary and recurrent disease, there was no significant difference in OS rates (74.4% vs. 51.4%, respectively; p = 0.128), in contrast to DFS (71.5% vs. 18.3%; p = 0.0014) and LC rates (88.9% vs. 30.9%; p = 0.0011) favoring primary disease. After resection, 10 patients experienced delayed wound healing that did not significantly impact on OS, DFS, or LC. This approach is promising for patients with bone sarcomas in which resection will likely yield close/positive margins. It appears to inhibit tumor seeding with an acceptable rate of wound-healing complications. Dose escalation is accomplished without high-dose preoperative radiation (likely associated with higher rates of acute wound healing delays) or large-field postoperative radiation only (likely associated with late normal tissue toxicity). The LC and DFS rates are substantially better for patients with primary than recurrent sarcomas.
Sandakov, P Ia; Samartsev, V A; Mineev, D A
It was analyzed the features of different forms of acute pancreatitis in 1001 patients including 324 cases with pancreatonecrosis and 245 patients with middle severity of disease. It was shown that monitoring of patients' condition and destructive process in pancreas by using of modified SOFA-scale and evaluation of sonographic signs of inflammation are advisable. Flow indicators including resistance index and the maximum flow velocity in celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery represented severity of gland's destruction. Sonographic investigation revealed small-focal pancreonecrosis. It allows to differentiate medical tactics. Surgical treatment was performed in 582 patients. Efficiency of surgical treatment is determined by diagnostic methods, timely sanation of destructive focuses of pancreas, abdominal cavity, retroperitoneal fiber, adequate drainage and mini-invasive techniques using in case of purulent complications. The main prognostic factors of development of complications and adverse outcomes are determined.
Amato, Francesco; Mirabella, A Davide; Borlizzi, Diego
This article presents a clinical case of bilateral partial edentulism in the posterior mandible with severe horizontal and moderate vertical bone atrophy. A new technique using rapid orthodontics after ridge splitting is presented. The split-crest technique was carried out using piezosurgical instruments in the first molar and second premolar areas to widen the bone crest and open a channel for tooth movement. Immediately after, orthodontic appliances were used to move the first premolars distally and the second molars mesially into the surgical site. The rationale was to facilitate and accelerate orthodontic movement of the teeth, which is otherwise difficult in a cortical knife-edged ridge. The bone defect was filled with the alveolar bone of the adjacent teeth that were moved into the surgically opened path. Adequate bone volume for implant placement was generated in the first premolar area. Implants were then inserted, and the patient was rehabilitated.
Papavasiliou, Vasilios A; Papavasiliou, Athanasios V
Clubfoot (talipes equinovarus) is a condition well known since the time of Hippocrates. Numerous conservative treatments have been introduced for this condition; few are still in favour. Conservative treatment was used in our department up to the third month of age. The indication for surgery was failure to correct or maintain the correction after conservative treatment. We report on 134 children (206 feet) who had operative treatment for clubfoot in our department during the period 1990-1996, using a novel surgical technique based on extensive posteromedial release combined with the lateral spread of the "extensor forces" of the foot. This new technique has produced excellent results.
Zaugg, Y; Grosjean, P; Maire, R
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common disorder that presents to the general practitioner. This condition represents one of the most common causes of peripheral vertigo. The diagnosis is made on clinical grounds. The treatment relies on repositioning maneuvers with relief of symptoms that occur in a few weeks in the majority of the cases. Rarely, patients are incapacitated by persistent or recurrent BPPV despite multiple repositioning maneuvers. In these cases, surgical therapies are available which provide excellent results.
Copeland, G P; Machin, D G; Shennan, J M
This review seeks to draw attention to the existence of the 'slipping rib syndrome' as a not uncommon clinical entity. It is characterized by trunk pain in a radicular distribution, often related to certain movements or activity, but not associated with other visceral symptoms. The diagnosis is a clinical one, with surgical excision of the affected rib and costal cartilage a successful simple treatment for relieving those patients of a severe and persistent pain syndrome.
Uchikov, A; Nonchev, B; Danev, V; Murdzhev, K; Vladeva, S; Terzieva, D
The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of the surgical treatment of patients with thyrotoxicosis in three surgical clinics in Plovdiv. PATIENTS AND MEDHOTS: We studied 90 patients, who underwent surgical treatment for thyrotoxicosis between 2000-2004. Of those 19 men (21%) and 71 women (79%); men:women = 1:3.74; mean age 38 +/- 8.3 years. The nosological distribution was as follows: Graves' disease--72 subjects (80.00%), solitary toxic adenoma--4 subjects (4.40%), toxic nodular goiter--14 subjects (15.60%). 77 subtotal thyroidectomies (85%) and 9 total thyroidectomies were performed. Patients with solitary toxic adenoma underwent lobectomy. Massive bleeding witch required revision and haemostasis was encountered in 1 patient. Transient laryngeal nerve injury occurred in 3 patients (3.33%), and temporary hypoparathyroidism in 6 subjects (6.67%), necessitating calcium supplementation. One year postoperatively, 49.35% (n = 38) of the patients who have undergone subtotal thyroidectomy were euthyroid, 45.45% (n = 35) developed hypothyroidism, and 5.2% (n = 4) relapsed. Our results indicate that surgery is safe and effective for patients with thyrotoxicosis referred for radical treatment. Because of the high rate of postoperative thyroid disfunction, assessment of the non-operative factors, witch influence the functional results, is recommended.
Gao, Jun; Kong, Xiangyi; Li, Zhimin; Wang, Tianyu; Li, Yongning
Abstract To investigate effects of surgical treatment on adult tethered cord syndrome (TCS). A retrospective analysis of 82 adult patients (17 male cases, 82% and 24 female cases, 59%) with TCS treated by surgery was conducted between March, 2005 and December, 2015, with an average age of 31.6 years and average disease course of 6.7 years. All the 82 cases of patients received nerve electrophysiology monitoring assisted microsurgery. After surgery, all patients were followed up for an average of 2.5 years. Surgical effects were evaluated according to Hoffman grading system. As this is just a retrospective study that does not involve any interventions, ethical approval was not necessary according to the rules of the hospital. All patients were followed up, no death occurred. According to Hoffman grading system, the neurologic symptoms were improved in 22 patients (27%), stabilized in 60 patients (73%). Of 10 cases with lipoma tethered spinal cord, corresponding symptoms were improved in 2 cases. Of 32 cases with tethered spinal cord caused by dermoid cyst and epidermoid cyst, the symptoms were improved in 6 cases. Of 40 cases without occupying lesions of tethered spinal cord, the symptoms were improved in 14 cases. Besides, there was no deteriorated case. Surgical treatment on adult patients with TCS can improve the neurologic deficits which are associated with the course of disease, early treatment has much better curative effect. PMID:27861396
Dillon, Alexander B.; Sideris, Andrew; Hadi, Ali
Vitiligo is one of the most common cutaneous disorders of depigmentation. Although its underlying causes are still being studied and no definitive cure currently exists, recent research has provided insight into pathogenic mechanisms and new treatment options. Objective: The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of the medical and surgical therapies for vitiligo with emphasis on the most recent treatment modalities. Design: This review was conducted through a literature search using PubMed and the National institutes of Health’s clinicalTrials.gov databases from January 2010 to July 2015. This yielded 86 studies, 12 of which were excluded, and 74 of which were reviewed. Results: Recent studies and ongoing clinical trials indicate that there are many promising new medical and surgical treatment modalities for this chronic condition. Conclusion: A combination of traditional and newer treatments may work synergistically to provide additional improvement in patients’ disease state and quality of life. PMID:28210378
Seino, Yutomo; Allen, Jacqui E
Aging may affect the voice through either physiological or pathological changes. Globally society is aging and the working lifetime is extending. Increasing numbers of elderly will present with voice issues. This review examines current thinking regarding surgical treatment of the aging voice. The mainstay of surgical treatment remains injection laryngoplasty and medialization thyroplasty. In-office injection laryngoplasty is increasingly common. Data suggest that patients with vocal fold atrophy do not achieve as much benefit from augmentation treatments as other causes of glottal incompetence. In addition the timing of injection laryngoplasty may influence the rate of subsequent medialization thyroplasty. Disease-specific treatments can provide some benefit to voice, such as deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease. Novel treatments including growth factor therapy are entering clinical practice and will provide new options for the clinician in future. Voice disorders affect approximately 20% of the elderly population. Causes include neurologic, malignant, iatrogenic and benign vocal fold disorders. These should be ruled out before accepting dysphonia is age-related in nature. Treatment should be specific to recognized vocal disorders but may also address physiologic changes in the glottis. Injection laryngoplasty and thyroplasty remain effective options for treating glottal incompetence but novel therapies are showing promising results.
de AQUINO, José Luis Braga; SAID, Marcelo Manzano; PEREIRA, Douglas Rizzanti; do AMARAL, Paula Casals; LIMA, Juliana Carolina Alves; LEANDRO-MERHI, Vânia Aparecida
Background Idiopathic esophageal achalasia is an inflammatory disease of unknown origin, characterized by aperistalsis of the esophageal body and failure of the lower esophageal sphincter in response to swallowing, with consequent dysphagia. Aim To demonstrate the results of surgical therapy in these patients, evaluating the occurred local and systemic complications. Methods Were studied retrospectively 32 patients, 22 of whom presented non-advanced stage of the disease (Stage I/II) and 10 with advanced disease (Stage III/IV). All of them had the clinical conditions to be submitted to surgery. The diagnoses were done by clinical, endoscopic, cardiological, radiological and esophageal manometry analysis. Pre-surgical evaluation was done with a questionnaire based on the most predisposing factors in the development of the disease and the surgical indication was based on the stage of the disease. Results The patients with non-advanced stages were submitted to cardiomyotomy with fundoplication, wherein in the post-surgical early assessment, only one (4,4%) presented pulmonary infection, but had a good outcome. In patients with advanced disease, seven were submitted to esophageal mucosectomy preserving the muscular layer, wherein one patient (14,2%) presented dehiscence of gastric cervical esophagus anastomosis as well as pulmonary infection; all of these complications were resolved with proper specific treatment; the other three patients with advanced stage were submitted to transmediastinal esophagectomy; two of them presented hydropneumothorax with good evolution, and one of them also presented fistula of the cervical esophagogastric anastomosis, but with spontaneous healing after conservative treatment and nutritional support. The two patients with fistula of the cervical anastomosis progressed to stenosis, with good results after endoscopic dilations. In the medium and long term assessment done in 23 patients, all of them reported improvement in life quality, with
Sandok, E K; Cascino, G D
Our purpose was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of surgical treatment for perirolandic lesional epilepsy. We analyzed the records of 14 consecutive patients who underwent a stereotactic lesionectomy for intractable partial epilepsy between 1985 and 1994. All patients had a neuroimaging-identified lesion in the perirolandic cortex. The mean duration of follow-up was 6 years (range 1-11 years). Thirteen patients (93%) had a significant improvement in seizure tendency. Eleven patients (78%) were rendered seizure-free. Morbidity occurred in only one patient, who experienced an increased monoparesis after surgery. Stereotactic lesionectomy is an effective surgical strategy in patients with perirolandic lesional epilepsy. The recent development of functional brain imaging using subtraction ictal single-photon emission computed tomography co-registered with volumetric magnetic resonance imaging has been shown to be a reliable indicator of epileptic brain tissue that may significantly alter the preoperative evaluation in patients with extratemporal seizures.
Pelizzo, Maria Rosa; Toniato, Antonio; Piotto, Andrea; Pagetta, Costantino; Ide, Eric Casal; Boschin, Isabella Merante; Bernante, Paolo
The simple nodular goiter, the etiology of which is multifactorial, encompasses the spectrum from the incidental asymptomatic small solitary nodule to the large intrathoracic goiter, causing pressure symptoms as well as cosmetic complaints. The mainstay in the diagnostic evaluation is related to functional and morphological characterization with serum TSH and (some kind of) imaging. Because malignancy is just as common in patients with a multinodular goiter as patients with a solitary nodule, the increasing use of fineneedle aspiration biopsy (cytology) is supported Its management is still the cause of considerable controversy. Prevalence of nodular goiter and results of surgical treatment in a large series of patients operated on at our center are reported. From January to December 2004, 1009 out of 1580 patients admitted to our Center underwent surgical treatment for thyroid disease. Nodular goiter accounted for 80% of the whole series. More in detail, toxic multinodular goiter was found in 13.5% of the patients, euthyroid multinodular goiter in 46.6%, single hyperplastic nodule in 2.3%, follicular lesion in 14%, Plummer's adenoma in 4.4%, relapsing goiter in 2.6% and thyroid cyst in 0.12%. Thyroid lobectomy was carried out in 20.8% of patients, while the remaining 79.2% underwent to total thyroidectomy. A carcinoma was incidentally found in 7.6% of the multinodular goiters. Surgery should be advocated for the treatment of thyroid nodules whenever a patient presents with either pressure symptoms, hyperthyroidism or follicular cytology. Serum TSH measurement, ultrasounds and fine needle aspiration cytology are the main diagnostic tools. Bilateral surgical exploration of the gland should be always carried out to assess the extension of the disease. Total or near total thyroidectomy in order to minimize the risk of recurrent nerve palsy and hypoparathyroidism represents the treatment of choice for bilateral goiter. Thyroid lobectomy with frozen section should be
Rönn, Karolin; Reischl, Nikolaus; Gautier, Emanuel; Jacobi, Matthias
Osteoathritis (OA) of the knee is common, and the chances of suffering from OA increase with age. Its treatment should be initially nonoperative—and requires both pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment modalities. If conservative therapy fails, surgery should be considered. Surgical treatments for knee OA include arthroscopy, cartilage repair, osteotomy, and knee arthroplasty. Determining which of these procedures is most appropriate depends on several factors, including the location, stage of OA, comorbidities on the one side and patients suffering on the other side. Arthroscopic lavage and débridement is often carried out, but does not alter disease progression. If OA is limited to one compartment, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty or unloading osteotomy can be considered. They are recommended in young and active patients in regard to the risks and limited durability of total knee replacement. Total arthroplasty of the knee is a common and safe method in the elderly patients with advanced knee OA. This paper summarizes current surgical treatment strategies for knee OA, with a focus on the latest developments, indications and level of evidence. PMID:22046517
Rönn, Karolin; Reischl, Nikolaus; Gautier, Emanuel; Jacobi, Matthias
Osteoathritis (OA) of the knee is common, and the chances of suffering from OA increase with age. Its treatment should be initially nonoperative-and requires both pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment modalities. If conservative therapy fails, surgery should be considered. Surgical treatments for knee OA include arthroscopy, cartilage repair, osteotomy, and knee arthroplasty. Determining which of these procedures is most appropriate depends on several factors, including the location, stage of OA, comorbidities on the one side and patients suffering on the other side. Arthroscopic lavage and débridement is often carried out, but does not alter disease progression. If OA is limited to one compartment, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty or unloading osteotomy can be considered. They are recommended in young and active patients in regard to the risks and limited durability of total knee replacement. Total arthroplasty of the knee is a common and safe method in the elderly patients with advanced knee OA. This paper summarizes current surgical treatment strategies for knee OA, with a focus on the latest developments, indications and level of evidence.
Shimizu, Yusuke; Suzuki, Shigeaki; Nagasao, Tomohisa; Ogata, Hisao; Yazawa, Masaki; Suzuki, Norihiro; Kishi, Kazuo
Purpose Currently, only a few reports have recommended surgery as a suitable treatment for blepharoptosis associated with myasthenia gravis. The present study aims to introduce our surgical criteria, surgical options, outcomes, and precautions for medically refractory myasthenic blepharoptosis. Patients and methods Eight patients who failed to respond to at least 2 years of medical treatment and who underwent blepharoptosis surgery, from January 2008 to December 2011, were enrolled in this study. Medical records, photographs, and questionnaire results regarding postoperative status were evaluated. Of the eleven procedures performed, four involved frontal suspension, four involved external levator advancement, one involved nonincisional transconjunctival levator advancement, and two involved subbrow blepharoplasty with orbicularis oculi muscle tucking. The margin reflex distance improved postoperatively in seven patients. Results Seven patients had very minimal scarring, and one had minimal scarring. Five patients showed no eyelid asymmetry, one had subtle asymmetry, and two had obvious asymmetry. Seven patients were very satisfied, and one patient was satisfied with the overall result. Postoperative complications included mild lid lag with incomplete eyelid closure, prolonged scar redness, and worsened heterophoria. No patient experienced postoperative exposure keratitis or recurrent blepharoptosis during the study period. Conclusion Our results indicate that blepharoptosis surgery is effective for patients with myasthenia gravis, especially those with residual blepharoptosis despite multiple sessions of medical treatments. We recommend that neurologists and surgeons collaborate more systematically and discuss comprehensive treatment plans to increase the quality of life for patients with myasthenia gravis. PMID:25278744
Pedullà, Giuseppe; Crocetti, Daniele; Paliotta, Annalisa; Tarallo, Maria Rita; De Gori, Antonietta; Cavallaro, Giuseppe; De Toma, Giorgio
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is a rare autosomal dominant cancer syndrome. Forty to fifty percent of patients with MEN 2A develops pheochromocytoma. Surgeons treating these patients with pheochromocytoma have always been faced with question of whether to perform mono-or bilateral adrenalectomy and the timing of surgical intervention. Over the past 20 years, thanks to the development of ever more sophisticated techniques of diagnostic imaging (TC, MRI, Scintigraphy, PET), which make it possible to identify small lesions, and to ever more rapid laboratory tests, there has been a change in the surgical management of this condition. Surgeons moved from bilateral open adrenalectomy (6- 9) to laparoscopic partial adrenalectomy and cortical sparing (10-13). After partial adrenalectomy one third of the patients require replacement therapy because the function of the residual parenchyma was compromised by excessive devascularization during surgery. In patients with bilateral pheochromocytoma it is advisable to perform only partial adrenalectomy of at least one gland, i.e. to completely remove the gland with the larger lesion and remove part of the gland with the smaller lesion to reduce the risk of recurrence. The authors report 4 cases of MEN 2, including 2 first-degree relatives, which illustrate the progress made in surgical treatment for pheochromocytoma.
Tudyka, Vera N.; Clark, Susan K.
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a dominantly inherited condition caused by germline mutation of the APC gene resulting in formation of numerous large bowel adenomas in late childhood or adolescence. Unless these are removed, colorectal cancer inevitably develops. Prophylactic surgical treatment is required to prevent this. In surgical decision making, considerations should include genotype-phenotype correlation, perioperative morbidity and risk of impaired sexual and reproductive function in young patients after major pelvic surgery. Colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis remains an appropriate prophylactic procedure in many patients. However, in those with high-density polyposis or a genotype predictive of aggressive disease, restorative proctocolectomy is preferable. There is a range of other features, as FAP is essentially a systemic disease. These include duodenal and peri-ampullary adenomas and carcinoma, desmoid tumors, papillary-type thyroid carcinoma and pancreatic carcinoma among others. With improved management that reduces the risk of colorectal cancer, these extracolonic manifestations have become of increasing clinical significance. For all FAP patients, including those undergoing proctocolectomy, thorough surveillance is of vital importance as there remains a risk of developing neoplasia. Despite advances in surgical techniques, screening and surveillance, life expectancy in patients with FAP is still less than that of the general population. PMID:24714154
Boĭko, V V; Tishchenko, A M; Gusak, I V; Maloshtan, A A; Skoryĭ, D I; Smachilo, R M
Retrospective analysis of the treatment results of 120 patients, suffering solitary hepatic abscess (SHA), was conducted. The sanation methods, in accordance to technology, the treatment impact intensity and aggressiveness, may be divided on three lines: aspirational, draining and resectional. The method of sanation is selected on the background of morphological peculiarities of abscess--its sizes, by presence of sequesters, divisioning septs, dense rigid capsule, grade of periprocess. Surgical access is determined by the abscess localization, the patient's state severity, instrumental equipment of the clinic. Differentiated approach, taking into account genesis, sizes, localization and stage of its formation, constitutes a background of successful treatment of SHA. In totally formatted acute SHA, as a rule, the methods of choice are aspirational and aspiration-draining methods of sanation under ultrasonographic control or laparoscopy. In the presence of chronic SHA or suppurated parasitic hepatic cyst it is mandatory to select the resectional methods.
Ray, S; Goldberg, V M
Surgical management of the accessory navicular or navicular beak using the Kidner procedure was indicated in 29 feet. Pain was present in all feet; difficulty with shoe fit and flat feet were other complaints. The patients were followed up for two to ten years (mean, 4.5 years) after operation. Eleven results were excellent, 15 good, and 3 poor, all in boys with a navicular beak. Only one complication occurred. Excision of the accessory navicular or navicular beak, together with suturing the fibers of the posterior tibial tendon (inserting on the accessory navicular or navicular beak) to the inferior surface of the navicular, is effective treatment.
Arab, Hamidreza; Shiezadeh, Farid; Moeintaghavi, Amir; Anbiaei, Najme; Mohamadi, Satlikh
The aim of this clinical trial was to evaluate 6-month clinical and radiographic outcomes after surgical regenerative therapy of peri-implantitis lesions using either porous titanium granules (Natix, Tigran Technologies, Malmo, Sweden) alone or bovine bone mineral (Bio-Oss, Giestlich, Wolhusen, Switzerland) with a collagen membrane (B&B Dental Implant Company, San Pietro, Italy). Twenty-four patients having at least one implant with a peri-implantitis lesion were involved in this study. Patients were assigned randomly into two groups and treated with two different regenerative approaches. The first group (Group 1) received Natix alone and the second group (Group 2) received Bio-Oss plus collagen membrane after debridement of the defect. Probing depth, clinical attachment level, and radiographic measurements were recorded at baseline and after 6 months of healing. One patient with one implant from Group 1 and another patient with 2 implants from the Group 2 discontinued the study. Mean pocket depth change was 1.1 ± 1.4 mm in Group 1 and 1.1 ± 2.1 mm in Group 2. Bone level changes were 0.85 ± 1.06 and 1.4 ± 1.04 mm in the two groups, respectively, over the 6-month follow-up period. Neither clinical nor radiographical differences between the two groups were statistically significant. We conclude that both application of porous titanium granules and Bio-Oss plus collagen membrane resulted in clinical improvement of peri-implantitis lesions over a period of 6 months.
Lavítola, P de L; Dallan, L A; Tarasoutchi, F; Grinberg, M; da Luz, P L; Pileggi, F; Jatene, A D
To study the morbidity and mortality due to valvar surgical treatment performed concomitantly to myocardial revascularization. From 1650 patients submitted to mitral or aortic valve surgical treatment, 103 (6.24%) had it associated to myocardial revascularization. Coronary insufficiency was associated to aortic valvar lesion in 66 (64.0%) patients, group I, with mean age of 62.3 +/- 8 years; and in 37 (35.9%) patients with mitral valve lesion, group II, with mean age of 57.8 +/- 5.8 years. Diagnosis was based upon the anamnesis, physical examination and confirmed by cine-coronarographic findings. I-Complications at the immediate postoperative; a) mortality 11 (10.6%) patients, 6 (9.09%) from group I: by low cardiac output 3, uncontrolled arrhythmia 1, mediastinitis 1; acute infarction with cardiogenic shock 1, and 5 (134.5%) of group II: uncontrolled hemorrhage 2, sudden death 1, saphenous vein graft occlusion, respiratory insufficiency and sepsis 2; b) controlled intercurrences that increased the time of hospitalization: mental disorder 5 patients; CVA 7, diabetes decompensation 2, worsening of chronic renal insufficiency 1, upper level digestive hemorrhage 1 and respiratory insufficiency 3 patients. II-late postoperative complications of 77 (83.6%) patients which could be followed up during a period of 60 months: 1) mortality: 3 (3.89%) patients; 2 due to cardiomyopathy and 1 by acute myocardial infarction; 2) late evolution-functional capacity III (NYHA) by cardiomyopathy 6; I/II 68 patients; mild angina 6 patients, 2 underwent revascularization at the end of final 36-42 months. The clinical improvement and mortality indexes statistically similar to the isolate surgical acts stimulate us to keep up with such associate procedures.
Furquim, Bruna Alves; de Freitas, Karina Maria Salvatore; Janson, Guilherme; Simoneti, Luis Fernando; de Freitas, Marcos Roberto; de Freitas, Daniel Salvatore
The aim of the present case report is to describe the orthodontic-surgical treatment of a 17-year-and-9-month-old female patient with a Class III malocclusion, poor facial esthetics, and mandibular and chin protrusion. She had significant anteroposterior and transverse discrepancies, a concave profile, and strained lip closure. Intraorally, she had a negative overjet of 5 mm and an overbite of 5 mm. The treatment objectives were to correct the malocclusion, and facial esthetic and also return the correct function. The surgical procedures included a Le Fort I osteotomy for expansion, advancement, impaction, and rotation of the maxilla to correct the occlusal plane inclination. There was 2 mm of impaction of the anterior portion of the maxilla and 5 mm of extrusion in the posterior region. A bilateral sagittal split osteotomy was performed in order to allow counterclockwise rotation of the mandible and anterior projection of the chin, accompanying the maxillary occlusal plane. Rigid internal fixation was used without any intermaxillary fixation. It was concluded that these procedures were very effective in producing a pleasing facial esthetic result, showing stability 7 years posttreatment. PMID:25431691
Brain metastasis is the most common intracranial tumor in adults. Currently, treatment of brain metastasis requires multidisciplinary approach tailored for each individual patient. Surgery has an indispensible role in relieving intracranial mass effect, improving neurological status and survival while providing or confirming neuropathological diagnosis with low mortality and morbidity rates. Besides the resection of a single brain metastasis in patients with accessible lesions, good functional status, and absent/controlled extracranial disease; surgery is proven to play a role in management of multiple metastases. Surgical technique has an impact on the outcome since piecemeal resection rather than en bloc resection and leaving infiltrative zone behind around resection cavity may have a negative influence on local control. Best local control of brain metastasis can be accomplished with optimal surgical resection involving current armamentarium of preoperative structural and functional imaging, intraoperative neuromonitoring, and advanced microneurosurgical techniques; followed by adjunct therapies like stereotactic radiosurgery, whole brain radiotherapy, or intracavitary therapies. Here, treatment options for brain metastasis are discussed with controversies about surgery.
Karapanos, Konstantinos; Nomikos, Iakovos N.
Despite all improvements in both surgical and other conservative therapies, pancreatic cancer is steadily associated with a poor overall prognosis and remains a major cause of cancer mortality. Radical surgical resection has been established as the best chance these patients have for long-term survival. However, in most cases the disease has reached an incurable state at the time of diagnosis, mainly due to the silent clinical course at its early stages. The role of palliative surgery in locally advanced pancreatic cancer mainly involves patients who are found unresectable during open surgical exploration and consists of combined biliary and duodenal bypass procedures. Chemical splanchnicectomy is another modality that should also be applied intraoperatively with good results. There are no randomized controlled trials evaluating the outcomes of palliative pancreatic resection. Nevertheless, data from retrospective reports suggest that this practice, compared with bypass procedures, may lead to improved survival without increasing perioperative morbidity and mortality. All efforts at developing a more effective treatment for unresectable pancreatic cancer have been directed towards neoadjuvant and targeted therapies. The scenario of downstaging tumors in anticipation of a future oncological surgical resection has been advocated by trials combining gemcitabine with radiation therapy or with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib, with promising early results. PMID:24212633
Guzmán-Vargas, R; Rincón-Cardozo, D F; Camacho-Casas, J A
Subtrochanteric fractures in children are rare events, occur in only 4% of all femur fractures, most injuries occur as a result of high energy trauma, being young males patient the most affected. The management of this type of injury is controversial, there are many forms of treatment, including the use of plaster spica 90-90, closed reduction and use of elastic or rigid intramedullary nails, open reduction and plate placement and external fixators. Most suggest that children under 10 should be preferred non-operative and for older than 12 surgical management is indicated, but the discussion is between 6 and 12 years old. Through this article we present the treatment of such entity with a proximal fracture plate using a minimally invasive technique.
Regan, John D; Fleury, Alex A P
This paper highlights that one of the main goals of root canal treatment is the elimination of microorganisms from the contaminated root canal system. Instrumentation alone will not allow for adequate debridement and disinfection of the complex and diverse root canal system. Chemomechanical debridement is required. The importance of the use of irrigants during non-surgical root canal treatment has frequently been neglected both during instruction of dental students and later in the clinical practice of endodontics. The article highlights 'shape, clean and fill' vs. 'clean, shape and fill' to enable chemomechanical debridement. Our protocol advises mechanical debridement and copious irrigation for a minimum of twenty minutes with 2.5% to 6% solutions of sodium hypochlorite, followed by a rinse with a 17% solution of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and a final rinse with 2% chlorhexidine. The canals are dried with high volume aspirators and sterile paper points.
Gaibov, A D; Kakhorov, A Z; Sadriev, O N; Yunusov, Kh A
The authors present immediate and long-term results of treatment of 117 patients with superior thoracic outlet syndrome (STOS). There were different reasons for compression of neu- rovascular fascicle in outlet of the thorax. The costaclavicular syndrome was a reason in 48 patients, additional cervical ribs had 36 patients. Skalenus syndrome was noted in 26 cases, rudimentary cervical ribs or hypertrophy of cervical vertebrae C7 had 7 patients. Raynaud's syndrome took place in 19 cases. The required volume of diagnostic procedures and surgical treatment of STOS were determined according to the cause of the syndrome. Differentiated approach to the different forms of STOS was used in relation to dominant symptoms of the disease and reasons for compression of neurovascular fascicle. This allowed getting positive results in majority of patients (90,4%) in long- term period.
Putzier, M; Pumberger, M; Halm, H; Zahn, R K; Franke, J
De-novo scoliosis is most commonly associated with chronic back pain and in 70 % of cases with neurological symptoms of the lower extremities. In recent literature, the occurrence and severity of segmental lateral listhesis has been discussed as being an important prognostic factor of sagittal and frontal deformity progression. In general, operative interventions in patients with de-novo scoliosis are associated with a high rate of complications. Therefore, conservative treatment modalities are recommended at early stages of the disease. If conservative management fails and a sufficient reduction of the patient's symptoms cannot be achieved, depending on the symptoms, a selective decompression, short-segment fusion or long-instrumented reduction and fusion are indicated. Additionally to the patient's symptoms, specific imaging diagnostics are necessary to develop an adequate surgical treatment strategy. Selective decompression without fusion is indicated in patients with a fixed deformity and primarily neurologic pain or deficits. In conditions of a focal pathology as cause of significant low back pain and/or neurologic symptoms at early stages of deformity, a short segment fusion is the treatment of choice. However, short-segment fusion as a less-invasive procedure must not be performed in biplanar unbalanced patients and/or advanced de-novo scoliosis. In advanced degenerative de-novo scoliosis a long-segment reposition and fusion following an alignment correction are needed. Standardized pre-operative planning and perioperative management are highly critical to the post-operative success. All operative treatment strategies in patients with de-novo scoliosis can be successful but they require sophisticated and individual surgical indication.
Malkoc, Melih; Korkmaz, Ozgur; Keskinbora, Mert; Seker, Ali; Oltulu, Ismail; Bulbul, Ahmet Murat; Say, Ferhat; Cakir, Aslı
INTRODUCTION A subungual exostosis (SE) is a bony overgrowth that is permanently attached to the tip of the distal phalanx. Its pathology differs from osteocartilaginous exostoses in that it mainly involves the overgrowth of normal bone, which may present beneath the toenail or on the sides of the toe. This retrospective study aimed to report the results of surgical treatment when the diagnosis of SE was delayed; the condition was initially considered to be another pathology affecting a different nail or the terminal toe. METHODS A total of 17 patients (12 female, five male) were included in the study. All surgical resections were performed by the same surgeon using the same surgical technique, with the patient under digital anaesthesia. The patients were evaluated pre- and postoperatively (on Weeks 1 and 6, the first year, and the last follow-up visit) using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale score. RESULTS The patients underwent surgery for SE removal between December 2009 and October 2012. Their mean age was 21.3 ± 4.4 (range 14–29) years and the mean follow-up period was 27.1 ± 7.8 (range 18–45) months. Clinical or radiological recurrence was not observed in any of the patients during the follow-up period. Four patients had superficial infections, which were treated using appropriate antibiotic therapies. CONCLUSION As SE is an uncommon benign lesion, its diagnosis may be delayed. Radiography may be useful in obtaining a differential diagnosis. PMID:26778465
Bertossi, Dario; Albanese, Massimo; Chiarini, Luigi; Corega, Claudia; Mortellaro, Carmen; Nocini, Pierfrancesco
Eagle syndrome (ES) is an uncommon complication of styloid process elongation with stylohyoideal complex symptomatic calcification. It is an uncommon condition (4% of the population) that is symptomatic in only 4% of the cases. Eagle syndrome is usually an acquired condition that can be related to tonsillectomy or to a neck trauma. A type of ES is the styloid-carotid syndrome, a consequence of the irritation of pericarotid sympathetic fibers and compression on the carotid artery. Clinical manifestations are found most frequently after head turning and neck compression. Although conservative treatment (analgesics, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, local infiltration with steroids, or anesthetic agents) have been used, surgical treatment is often the only effective treatment in symptomatic cases. We present the case of a 55-year-old patient, successfully treated under endotracheal anesthesia. The cranial portion of the calcified styloid process was shortened through an external approach, using a piezoelectric cutting device (Piezosurgery Medical II; Mectron Medical Technology, Carasco, Italy) with MT1-10 insert, pump level 4, vibration level 7. No major postoperative complications such as nerve damage, hematoma, or wound dehiscence occurred. After 6 months, the patient was completely recovered. Two years after the surgery, the patient did not refer any symptoms related to ES. The transcervical surgical approach in patients with ES seems to be safe and effective, despite the remarkable risk for transient marginal mandibular nerve palsy. This risk can be decreased by the use of the piezoelectric device for its distinctive characteristics--such as precision, selective cut action, and bloodless cut.
Li, Aijun; Ma, Senlin; Pawlik, Timothy; Wu, Bin; Yang, Xiaoyu; Cui, Longjiu; Wu, Mengchao
Abstract Double primary liver cancer (DPLC) is a special type of clinical situation. As such, a detailed analysis of the surgical management and prognosis of patients with DPLC is lacking. The objective of the current study was to define the management and outcome of patients undergoing surgery for DPLC at a major hepatobiliary center. A total of 87 patients treated by surgical resection at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from January 1st, 2007 to October 31st, 2013 who had DPLC demonstrated by final pathological diagnosis were identified. Among these, 50 patients had complete clinical and prognostic data. Demographic and tumor characteristics as well as the prognosis were analyzed. The proportion of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) (+) and hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg) (+), HBsAg (+), and HBeAg (−) hepatocirrhosis in all patients was 21.84%, 67.82%, and 63.22%, respectively. Incidental findings accounted for 58.62% of patients; among those who had symptoms, the main symptom was abdominal pain (31.03%). Nonanatomic wedge resection was the main operative approach (62.07%). Postoperatively, the main complications included seroperitoneum (11.49%), hypoproteinemia (10.34%), and pleural effusion (8.05%). Factors associated with disease-free survival (DFS) included intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) tumor size (P = 0.002) and use of postoperative prophylactic transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatment (P = 0.015). Meanwhile, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) size (P = 0.045), ICC size (P < 0.001), and liver function (including aspartate aminotransferase [P = 0.001] and r-glutamyl transferase [P < 0.001]) were associated with overall survival (OS). Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatitis or cirrhosis is also an important factor in the pathogenesis of DPLC and surgical treatment is safe for it with low complication rates. In addition, it is effective to prolong DFS that DPLC patients undergo postoperative
Tachibana, Mitsuo; Kinugasa, Shoichi; Shibakita, Muneaki; Tonomoto, Yasuhito; Hattori, Shinji; Hyakudomi, Ryoji; Yoshimura, Hiroshi; Dhar, Dipok Kumar; Nagasue, Naofumi
The worldwide incidence of superficial esophageal cancer (SEC) is increasing. The aim of this study is to review the systematic surgical outcomes of esophagectomy for SEC. Only manuscripts written in English and written between 1980 and 2003 were selected from MEDLINE. The keywords consisting of superficial esophageal cancer, early esophageal cancer, and early stage or superficial stage or stage I in esophageal cancer were searched. There were no exclusion criteria for published information relevant to the topics. The most representative articles were selected when there were several articles from the same institution. Case reports were excluded. DATA EXTRACTIONS: Thirty-two manuscripts were finally collected from MEDLINE and eight articles were also added from reference lists of the pertinent literatures. In evaluating the statistical analysis of the complications of the reported literature, collective method was used. The collected information was organized. The conclusions drawn from those articles showed that the overall prevalence of SEC accounted around 10% and increased to 25% in the 2000s. The overall incidence of lymph node metastasis of SEC was about 25% and its incidences in mucosal and submucosal cancer were 5 and 35%, respectively. The percentage of the cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) vs adenocarcinoma (AC) widely varied depending on the geographic locations reported; most SCC cases were from the Asian countries and most AC cases were from the European countries. Clinical significance of multimodal treatment for SEC has dramatically developed in the recent era and could provide various potential therapeutic options for SEC. These concepts make it possible to individualize surgical management of SEC as part of various multimodal treatments. The operative approaches for SEC varied from minimally invasive thoracoscopic esophagectomy, limited transabdominal distal esophagectomy, conventional transthoracic esophagectomy, transhiatal esophagectomy
de la Garza Villaseñor, L
During an 11 year period, 47 patients with acute acalculous cholecystitis were operated on. Two to one male/female ratio was observed with a mean age of 55 age of 55 years. No one had a past history of biliary tract pathology but 70 per cent of the patients had risk factors, mainly diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular and collagenous diseases, some different of those reported in the world literature (sepsis, trauma, non biliary tract surgery, etc.). The ultrasound was the best diagnostic tool. Open cholecystectomy was performed in all patients and some sort of local complication was found in 85 per cent of patients (empyema, gangrene or perforation) in spite of the surgical procedure was done on emergency or early elective basis, a 31 per cent operative mortality rate was found and a 10.6% Operative mortality rates was observed. The bacterial cultures showed gram negative and anaerobic flora. This report shows that an early diagnosis and surgical treatment keeps a low morbidity and mortality rates but the gallbladder late complications have a high rates.
Alpizar-Aguirre, Armando; Lara Cano, Jorge Giovanni; Rosales, Luis; Míramontes, Victor; Reyes-Sánchez, Alejandro Antonio
The concept of spinal instability is still controversial. Anatomical, biomechanical, clinical and radiographic variants are involved and make the definition complicated. There are solid diagnostic bases in cases of fractures and degenerative disorders; however, pure spinal instability is still under study. The latter may be defined as increased mobility that goes beyond the physiological limits of one vertebra over another in at least one of the three spinal planes of motion. In the case of the craniocervical region, its understanding becomes even more challenging, since its anatomy and physiology are more complex and it is more mobile. Surgical treatment is possible with either an anterior or a posterior approach. Best results are obtained with occipitocervical or atlantoaxial stabilization through a posterior approach, since the anterior one has its limitations. For example, a transoral approach with a bone graft provides compression strength but does not enable immediate appropriate fixation and involves the risk of infection. The choice of the surgical approach must consider the patient's medical status, the specific spine levels involved, the extent of neurological compromise, the X-ray abnormalities and the individual pathology. The goals of surgery are achieved through an appropriate anatomical alignment, assuring the protection of the neural elements and achieving proper spine stabilization with as much preservation of the mobile vertebral segments as possible.
The aim of the paper was to present the efficacy and indications for application of conventional surgical treatment of retinal detachment by using external implants, that is,application of encircling band and buckle. This study comprised patients from the University Eye Clinic in Skopje. A total of 33 patients were diagnosed and surgically treated in the period between May 2010 and August 2011. Conventional surgery was applied in smaller number of patients whose changes of the vitreous body were manifested by detachment of posterior hyaloid membrane, syneresis, with appearance of a small number of pigment cells in the vitreous body and synchysis, and the very retina was with fresh detachment without folds or epiretinal changes (that is, PVR A grade). There were a larger number of patients with more distinct proliferative changes of the vitreous body and of the retina, grades PVR B to C1-C2, and who also underwent the same surgical approach. Routine ophthalmologic examinations were performed, including: determination of visual acuity by Snellen's optotypes, determination of eye pressure with Schiotz's tonometer, examination of anterior segment on biomicroscopy, indirect biomicroscopy of posterior eye segment (vitreous body and retina) and examination on biomicroscopy with Goldmann prism, B scan echography of the eyes before and after surgical treatment. Conventional treatment was used by external application of buckle or application of buckle and encircling band. In case of one break, radial buckle was applied and in case of multiple breaks in one quadrant limbus parallel buckle was applied. Besides buckle, encircling band was applied in patients with total or subtotal retinal detachment with already present distinct changes in the vitreous body (PVR B or C1-C2) and degenerative changes in the vitreous body. Breaks were closed with cryopexy. The results obtained have shown that male gender was predominant and that the disease was manifested in younger male adults
Prusinowska, Agnieszka; Krogulec, Zbigniew; Turski, Piotr; Przepiórski, Emil; Małdyk, Paweł; Księżopolska-Orłowska, Krystyna
Functions of the ankle joint are closely connected with the gait and ability to maintain an upright position. Degenerative lesions of the joint directly contribute to postural disorders and greatly restrict propulsion of the foot, thus leading to abnormal gait. Development of total ankle replacement is connected with the use of the method as an efficient treatment of joint injuries and continuation of achievements in hip and knee surgery. The total ankle replacement technique was introduced as an alternative to arthrodesis, i.e. surgical fixation, which made it possible to preserve joint mobility and to improve gait. Total ankle replacement is indicated in post-traumatic degenerative joint disease and joint destruction secondary to rheumatoid arthritis. In this paper, total ankle replacement and various types of currently used endoprostheses are discussed. The authors also describe principles of early postoperative rehabilitation as well as rehabilitation in the outpatient setting.
Futami, Kitaro; Higashi, Daijiro; Hirano, Yukiko; Ikeda, Yuichi; Mikami, Koji; Hirano, Kimikazu; Miyake, Toru; Takahashi, Hiroyuki; Maekawa, Takafumi
Perianal lesions are a frequent complication of Crohn's disease (CD) and include fistula, abscess, anal ulcer, skin tag, anal stricture, and carcinoma. Perianal fistula is the most commonly observed condition and exhibits multiple incidence and intractable characteristics. The starting point for the management of perianal fistula is an accurate diagnosis, which requires careful exploration during an EUA. The condition is treated with medications such as antibiotics, immunosuppressants, or anti-tumor necrosis factor agents. However, it is difficult to maintain long-term remission. Surgical therapy is selected according to the type of fistula and can include conventional fistulotomy, seton drainage, diverting stoma, and anorectal amputation. After fistulotomy, recurrence is frequent and there is an increased risk of incontinence. Seton drainage is the preferred treatment to improve symptoms and preserve anal function. Stoma is useful to relieve symptoms but difficult to indicate for young patients. The optimum treatment for perianal fistula associated with CD remains controversial. Currently, the goal of therapy for these patients has shifted from complete fistula closure to reducing drainage from the fistula to improve their quality of life. Ongoing careful management is important to control anal symptoms and maintain long-term anal function in the treatment of patients with CD, while monitoring them to detect possible progression to anorectal carcinoma.
Kröpil, Feride; Raffel, Andreas M; Schauer, Matthias; Rehders, Alexander; Eisenberger, Claus F; Knoefel, Wolfram T
Rectovaginal fistulae (RVF) are a serious and debilitating problem for patients and a challenge for the treating surgeons. We present our experiences in the surgical treatment of these patients. Study population consisted of 22 consecutive patients (range 26-70 years) with RVF treated in our department between 2003 and 2009. 13 RVF were observed after colorectal or gynaecological surgery, 3 occurred after radiotherapy, 2 due to tumour infiltration, 4 because of local inflammation (3x diverticultis, 1x ulcus simplex recti). The RVF was classified in all patients before treatment as either 'low' or 'high'. Local procedures (transvaginal excision, preanal repair) as initial treatment were performed in 9 patients with low fistula. In 13 cases with high fistula an abdominal approach was performed to close the fistula. A recurrence was observed in 8/22 cases (36%), which were treated by a gracilis flap (n=2), a bulbospongiosus composite (n=1), a second abdominal approach (n=4), and a re-local excision (n=1). Ultimatively, in 19 cases the defect healed but in 3 patients the RVF persisted. Most important predictor of healing/failure is etiology followed by localization and recurrence of the RVF. Local (preanal, transvaginal) procedures are suitable for low RVF, whereas abdominal surgery is necessary in high RVF. In recurrent RVF, muscle flaps are promising procedures.
Fobi, M. A. L.
Obesity is a chronic disease due to excess fat storage, a genetic predisposition, and strong environmental contributions. This problem is worldwide, and the incidence is increasing daily. There are medical, physical, social, economic, and psychological comorbid conditions associated with obesity. There is no cure for obesity except possibly prevention. Nonsurgical treatment has been inadequate in providing sustained weight loss. Currently, surgery offers the only viable treatment option with longterm weight loss and maintenance for the morbidly obese. Surgeries for weight loss are called bariatric surgeries. There is no one operation that is effective for all patients. Gastric bypass operations are the most common operations currently used. Because there are inherent complications from surgeries, bariatric surgeries should be performed in a multidisciplinary setting. The laparoscopic approach is being used by some surgeons in performing the various operations. The success rate--usually defined as >50% excess weight loss that is maintained for at least five years from bariatric surgery--ranges from 40% in the simple to >70% in the complex operations. The weight loss from surgical treatment results in significant improvements and, in some cases, complete resolution of comorbid conditions associated with obesity. Patients undergoing surgery for obesity need lifelong nutritional supplements and medical monitoring. Images Figure 4 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:14746355
The source of chronic pelvic pain may be reproductive organ, urological, musculoskeletal - neurological, gastrointestinal, or myofascial. A psychological component almost always is a factor, whether as an antecedent event or presenting as depression as result of the pain. Surgical interventions for chronic pelvic pain include: 1) resection or vaporization of vulvar/vestibular tissue for human papillion virus (HPV) induced or chronic vulvodynia/vestibulitis; 2) cervical dilation for cervix stenosis; 3) hysteroscopic resection for intracavitary or submucous myomas or intracavitary polyps; 4) myomectomy or myolysis for symptomatic intramural, subserosal or pedunculated myomas; 5) adhesiolysis for peritubular and periovarian adhesions, and enterolysis for bowel adhesions, adhesiolysis for all thick adhesions in areas of pain as well as thin ahesions affecting critical structures such as ovaries and tubes; 6) salpingectomy or neosalpingostomy for symptomatic hydrosalpinx; 7) ovarian treatment for symptomatic ovarian pain; 8) uterosacral nerve vaporization for dysmenorrhea; 9) presacral neurectomy for disabling central pain primarily of uterine but also of bladder origin; 10) resection of endometriosis from all surfaces including removal from bladder and bowel as well as from the rectovaginal septal space. Complete resection of all disease in a debulking operation is essential; 11) appendectomy for symptoms of chronic appendicitis, and chronic right lower quadrant pain; 12) uterine suspension for symptoms of collision dyspareunia, pelvic congestion, severe dysmenorrhea, cul-desac endometriosis; 13) repair of all hernia defects whether sciatic, inguinal, femoral, Spigelian, ventral or incisional; 14) hysterectomy if relief has not been achieved by organ-preserving surgery such as resection of all endometriosis and presacral neurectomy, or the central pain continues to be disabling. Before such a radical step is taken, MRI of the uterus to confirm presence of adenomyosis
Dukić, Walter; Kuna, Tihomir; Lapter-Varga, Marina; Jurić, Hrvoje; Lulić-Dukić, Olga
Odontogenic tumor is a rare condition in dental medicine that mostly proceeds unrecognized until the occurrence of clinical symptoms such as delayed eruption, or is incidentally detected on routine x-ray examination. The exact cause is not known, however, previous dental trauma and infection have been postulated as the potential factors in the development of odontogenic tumor. The earliest possible operative extirpation of the tumorous growth is recommended to eliminate permanent tooth impaction and to enable normal growth of the teeth. In some cases, corticotomy, including complete removal of the bony coat of the tooth, may be needed to additionally facilitate and precipitate its eruption. Orthodontic therapy is also of great importance in correct alignment of the teeth 'n the dental arch as well as in the management of other anomalies that may be associated with odontogenic tumor. A patient with compound odontoma is presented, along with the course of combined surgical-orthodontic therapy. The patient reported previous intrusion trauma that had occurred at the age of 4 years, which may have been the potential factor in the development of odontoma. In this case, there was a massive odontogenic tumor which had compromised the growth of permanent teeth, and the growth impulse was almost at the end since the patient was 11 years old and the apexes of the upper incisors were partially closed. The first operation included complete removal of the tumorous mass that had interrupted spontaneous eruption of the upper permanent incisors. It did not result in immediate spontaneous tooth eruption, so an additional operation was needed. The objective of the second operative procedure was complete removal of the covering bone over the unerupted upper permanent incisors in order to eliminate the physical barrier to tooth growth and eruption. The objective of fixed orthodontic therapy was full eruption of the partially erupted upper incisors. After 16 months, the upper incisors
Rosuvastatin 1.2 mg In Situ Gel Combined With 1:1 Mixture of Autologous Platelet-Rich Fibrin and Porous Hydroxyapatite Bone Graft in Surgical Treatment of Mandibular Class II Furcation Defects: A Randomized Clinical Control Trial.
Pradeep, A R; Karvekar, Shruti; Nagpal, Kanika; Patnaik, Kaushik; Raju, Arjun; Singh, Priyanka
A wide range of regenerative materials have been tried and tested in the treatment of furcation defects. Rosuvastatin (RSV) is a new synthetic, second-generation, sulfur-containing, hydrophilic statin with potent anti-inflammatory and osseodifferentiation mechanisms of action. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a platelet concentrate having sustained release of various growth factors with regenerative potential to treat periodontal defects. Porous hydroxyapatite (HA) bone grafting material has a clinically satisfactory response when used to fill periodontal intrabony defects. This double-masked randomized study is designed to evaluate the potency of a combination of 1.2 mg RSV in situ gel with a 1:1 mixture of autologous PRF and HA bone graft in the surgical treatment of mandibular Class II furcation defects compared with autologous PRF and HA bone graft placed after open-flap debridement (OFD). One hundred five mandibular furcation defects were treated with OFD + placebo gel (group 1), PRF + HA with OFD (group 2), or 1.2 mg RSV gel + PRF + HA with OFD (group 3). Clinical and radiologic parameters (i.e., probing depth [PD], relative vertical and relative horizontal clinical attachment level [rvCAL and rhCAL], intrabony defect depth, and percentage of defect fill) were recorded at baseline and 9 months postoperatively. Mean PD reduction was greater in group 2 (3.68 ± 1.07 mm) and group 3 (4.62 ± 1.03 mm) than group 1 (2.11 ± 1.25 mm), and mean rvCAL and rhCAL gain were greater in group 2 (3.31 ± 0.52 and 2.97 ± 0.56 mm, respectively) and group 3 (4.17 ± 0.70 and 4.05 ± 0.76 mm) compared with group 1 (1.82 ± 0.78 and 1.62 ± 0.64 mm). A significantly greater percentage of mean bone fill was found in group 2 (54.69% ± 1.93%) and group 3 (61.94% ± 3.54%) compared with group 1 (10.09% ± 4.28%). Treatment of furcation defects with 1.2 mg RSV in situ gel combined with autologous PRF and porous HA bone graft results in significant improvements of clinical and
Meljnikov, Igor; Radojcić, Branka; Grebeldinger, Slobodan; Radojcić, Nikola
Most of the history of appendicitis and appendectomy has been made during the past two centuries. Jacopo Berengario da Carpi gave the first description of this structure in 1522. Gabriele Fallopio, in 1561, appears to have been the first writer to compare the appendix to a worm. In1579 Caspar Bauhin proposed the ingenious theory that the appendix served in intrauterine life as a receptacle for the faexes. Many of anatomists added more or less insignificant ideas concerning the structure of the appendix and entered upon useless controversy concerning the name, function, position of the appendix vermiformis. The first successful appendectomy was performed in 1735 by Claudius Amyand. Geillaume Dupuytren considered that acute inflammation of the right side of the abdomen arose from disease of the caecum and not the appendix. As surgeons were wary of opening the abdomen for examination, early stages of appendicitis remained unknown. John Parkinson was able to give a good description of fatal appendicitis in 1812. Surgeons began draining localised abscesses which had already formed. In 1880 Robert Lawson Tait made the first diagnosis of appendicitis and surgically removed the appendix. In 1886 Reginald Heber Fitz published a study on appendicitis and named the procedure an appendectomy. In 1889, Tait split open and drained an inflamed appendix without removing it. Charles McBurney proposed his original muscle splitting operation in 1893 and this was modified by Robert Fulton Weir in 1900. Today we have a multiplicity of signs and symptoms, helping to diagnose appendicitis, and there are a lot of techniques for operation with little essential difference throughout. Kurt Semm performed the first laparoscopic appendectomy in 1981 which became a new gold standard in surgical treatment of acute and chronic appendicitis.
Schnitzer, J J; Donahoe, P K
Unraveling of the genetics of CAH offers the possibility of earlier detection and prenatal treatment or, alternatively, blastocyst embryo selection and eventually in utero gene therapy. Endocrine, surgical, and anesthesia management after birth have improved, leading to a better outcome for these patients. In the authors' experience, early one-stage reconstructive surgery, although demanding, allows one to use all available tissue. Once mastered, the repair is actually technically easier than vaginal pull-through surgery in the adolescent. Patients go through childhood with a body image that is more concordant with normal. Neither the child nor the parents must suffer the anticipation of a major operative intervention at puberty that can cause great emotional stress and that may be more difficult. The authors have encountered situations in late adolescence in which it has been impossible to separate the urogenital sinus from below. Under these circumstances, one can consider a posterior sagittal approach in which the rectum is bivalved to allow one to approach the vagina from below in an attempt to separate it safely from the urethra and to mobilize it to the perineum. It is also feasible to consider fashioning a segment of sigmoid colon as a neovagina, realizing that mucosal drainage needs to be managed daily. The authors have also encountered the rare 46,XX patient raised as a male and committed to the male role. In these cases, the patient can be offered gonadectomy, followed by staged complex hypospadias repair, and surgery to remove Müllerian structures and, if possible, to preserve the vas, followed by prepenile scrotal repair and insertion of testicular prostheses. Children with CAH require a lifetime of care with surgical approaches that are age appropriate. These patients can lead a full and productive life. It is the physician's responsibility to make certain that these children reach their full potential with the least number of interventions, which
Recently, various video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical techniques have been reported with occasional success in treating hepatic hydrothorax (HH). In 2 patients with refractory HH, we applied a combination of four therapeutic modalities as a single procedure named as a "four-step approach": (1) pneumoperitoneum for localization of diaphragmatic defects, (2) thoracoscopic pleurodesis, (3) postoperative continuous positive airway pressure, and (4) drainage of ascites for abdominal decompression. The treatment was successful in both patients, without recurrence during the follow-up period of 24 and 3 months, respectively.
Usmanova, T É
The results of 95 patients treatment with benign brest gland tumours (BBGT) were studied. For improve the results of treatment the introduction of surgical techniques that reduce the invasiveness of operations were applied. The performance of preoperative ultrasound (US) marking BB GT, cosmetically non-traumatic incisions, US dissector, combined cosmetic suture applay for the glandular tissue after sectoral resection of brest gland contribute to improving the results of surgical treatment, which is confirmed by the auspicious course of the early postoperative period.
Lumpkin, S M; Bishop, S G; Bennett, S
Surgical excision has been the accepted treatment of laryngeal polypoid degeneration, or chronic polypoid corditis. We report on 29 women with polypoid degeneration who received one of three surgical treatments: vocal fold stripping, carbon dioxide laser obliteration, or the Hirano technique. The duration of postoperative dysphonia was longest with the laser removal and shortest with the Hirano technique. A combination of vocal hygiene management and the Hirano technique of removal provided the most efficacious treatment.
Smith, Peter K; Puskas, John D; Ascheim, Deborah D; Voisine, Pierre; Gelijns, Annetine C; Moskowitz, Alan J; Hung, Judy W; Parides, Michael K; Ailawadi, Gorav; Perrault, Louis P; Acker, Michael A; Argenziano, Michael; Thourani, Vinod; Gammie, James S; Miller, Marissa A; Pagé, Pierre; Overbey, Jessica R; Bagiella, Emilia; Dagenais, François; Blackstone, Eugene H; Kron, Irving L; Goldstein, Daniel J; Rose, Eric A; Moquete, Ellen G; Jeffries, Neal; Gardner, Timothy J; O'Gara, Patrick T; Alexander, John H; Michler, Robert E
Ischemic mitral regurgitation is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. For surgical patients with moderate regurgitation, the benefits of adding mitral-valve repair to coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) are uncertain. We randomly assigned 301 patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation to CABG alone or CABG plus mitral-valve repair (combined procedure). The primary end point was the left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI), a measure of left ventricular remodeling, at 1 year. This end point was assessed with the use of a Wilcoxon rank-sum test in which deaths were categorized as the lowest LVESVI rank. At 1 year, the mean LVESVI among surviving patients was 46.1±22.4 ml per square meter of body-surface area in the CABG-alone group and 49.6±31.5 ml per square meter in the combined-procedure group (mean change from baseline, -9.4 and -9.3 ml per square meter, respectively). The rate of death was 6.7% in the combined-procedure group and 7.3% in the CABG-alone group (hazard ratio with mitral-valve repair, 0.90; 95% confidence interval, 0.38 to 2.12; P=0.81). The rank-based assessment of LVESVI at 1 year (incorporating deaths) showed no significant between-group difference (z score, 0.50; P=0.61). The addition of mitral-valve repair was associated with a longer bypass time (P<0.001), a longer hospital stay after surgery (P=0.002), and more neurologic events (P=0.03). Moderate or severe mitral regurgitation was less common in the combined-procedure group than in the CABG-alone group (11.2% vs. 31.0%, P<0.001). There were no significant between-group differences in major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events, deaths, readmissions, functional status, or quality of life at 1 year. In patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation, the addition of mitral-valve repair to CABG did not result in a higher degree of left ventricular reverse remodeling. Mitral-valve repair was associated with a reduced prevalence of moderate or
Kang, Seok Joo; Jeon, Seong Pin
We present the rare case of a violence-related accident involving a periorbital foreign body and surgical treatment. A 43-year-old man was brought to the hospital with a foreign body lodged in his left eyelid. A ballpoint pen penetrated the upper lid and orbital floor and reached the maxillary sinus.The spring of the ballpoint pen was observed in the radiograph, but the other parts of the ballpoint pen were not seen.The ballpoint pen was retrieved along the path of insertion. The fractured part of the orbital floor was slightly enlarged with a drill to allow visual access during surgery. Plastic pieces and the spring of the pen were removed under endoscopy inside the maxillary sinus. The inferior orbital wall was successfully reconstructed and there were no postoperative complications.The unique features of this case include the nature of the foreign body and its trajectory; removal was particularly challenging because the foreign body was not clearly visible in the radiograph.
IMAGAMA, SHIRO; TSUJI, TAICHI; OHARA, TETSUYA; KATAYAMA, YOSHITO; GOTO, MANABU; ISHIGURO, NAOKI; KAWAKAMI, NORIAKI
ABSTRACT Cohen syndrome is a very rare disease. Complication by spinal deformity has been reported, but management and surgery for spinal deformity in Cohen syndrome has not been previously described. The objective of this study was to examine the outcome of surgical treatment for kyphoscoliosis of Cohen syndrome with a literature review. The patient was a 14-year-old male with the characteristics of Cohen syndrome: truncal obesity, mental retardation, arachnodactyly, microcephalia, and a facial malformation. Scoliosis was conservatively treated with a brace at 13 years of age, but the spinal deformity rapidly progressed within a year. Plain radiographs before surgery showed scoliosis of 47° (T5-T11) and 79° (T11-L3), and kyphosis of 86° (T7-L1). One-stage anteroposterior corrective fusion of T4-L3 was scheduled after 2-week Halo traction. Postoperative respiratory management was carefully performed because of Cohen syndrome-associated facial malformation, obesity, and reduced muscle tonus. Respiration was managed with intubation until the following day and no respiratory problems occurred. After surgery, thoracolumbar scoliosis was 28° (correction rate: 65%). Kyphosis was markedly improved from 86° to 20°, achieving a favorable balance of the trunk. The outcome is favorable at 6.5 years after surgery. In conclusion, Cohen syndrome is often complicated by spinal deformity, particularly kyphosis, that is likely to progress even in adulthood. In our patient, spinal deformity progressed within a short period, even with brace treatment. Surgery should be required before progression to the severe spinal deformity with careful attention to general anesthesia. PMID:24640185
Bjerkeset, Tormod; Johnsen, Lars Gunnar; Kibsgaard, Leif; Fuglesang, Paul
The diagnosis and treatment of painful degenerative spinal diseases remains controversial in the literature, and surgical treatment differs greatly between centres and surgeons. We have evaluated our results over a nine-year period. 237 patients referred with chronic degenerative spinal diseases could be evaluated, 132 women and 105 men, median age 48 (17 - 85). Median symptom duration was 10 years (1.5 - 50 years). The patient files were retrospectively studied independently by two surgeons. Out of the patients, 83 (35 %) had previously had lumbar spine operations, mainly discectomies. All patients were controlled as outpatients with clinical examination and an X-ray taken of the lower spine columna at least once. The final evaluation of patient satisfaction with the operation, pain and walking and working capacity was based on a questionnaire. Out of these patients, 64 were treated with decompression only, 173 had additional posterolateral fusion with bone or instrument. Fusion rate was 90 %, with no significant difference between type of fusion (p = 0.07). After a median observation time of 5.2 years (0.5 - 10.5 years) 75 % of the patients were very satisfied or satisfied with the outcome; 48 % were back at work. Factors significantly related to poor results were little preoperative pain (p < 0.001), previous back operations (p = 0.003) and long preoperative sick leave (p = 0.015). Our results are comparable with most published studies. One should be restrictive with surgery on patients with little pain, long sick leave, preoperative inactivity, and previous multiple spinal operations.
Said, Sinan; Christainsen, Svend Erik; Faunoe, Peter; Lund, Bent; Lind, Martin
Clinical outcome following surgical treatment and intensive physiotherapy was evaluated in patients with arthrofibrosis as a complication to varying knee-ligament reconstructions. From 2003 to 2007, 31 patients underwent surgery for arthrofibrosis as a postoperative complication following knee-ligament reconstruction. Treatment for reduced range of motion consisted of forced manipulation or arthroscopic arthrolysis followed by intensive physiotherapy. Twenty-seven patients (12 men and 15 women; median age 35(12-70) years) were followed up. Objective examination, Pain, KOOS and Tegner scores were used to evaluate the clinical outcome at follow-up. Fourteen patients were treated with forced manipulation alone, and the remaining thirteen were treated with forced manipulation and arthroscopic arthrolysis. The patients' median follow-up was 51 months (19-73 months). Median interval between primary surgery and surgical release was 4 (1-32) months. Median range of motion (ROM) improved from -0°(0 to 20) to 0°(+2-9) in extension deficit and from 90°(40-145) to 130°(90-155) in flexion. Mean KOOS score were symptoms 63, pain 72, ADL 77, sport 42, QOL 45. Median Tegner score was 4 (2-9). Surgical arthrolysis combined with intensive physiotherapy improved range of motion to nearly normal values. Subjective outcome scores revealed relatively poor outcome levels compared to uncomplicated knee-ligament reconstruction. Predictors of poor outcome were global arthrofibrosis and greater than 6-month time interval from primary reconstruction and surgical release. Retrospective clinical case series, Level IV.
Hur, Su Won; Kim, Sung Eun; Chung, Kyu Jin; Lee, Jun Ho; Kim, Tae Gon
Background Reconstruction of combined orbital floor and medial wall fractures with a comminuted inferomedial strut (IMS) is challenging and requires careful practice. We present our surgical strategy and postoperative outcomes. Methods We divided 74 patients who underwent the reconstruction of the orbital floor and medial wall concomitantly into a comminuted IMS group (41 patients) and non-comminuted IMS group (33 patients). In the comminuted IMS group, we first reconstructed the floor stably and then the medial wall by using separate implant pieces. In the non-comminuted IMS group, we reconstructed the floor and the medial wall with a single large implant. Results In the follow-up of 6 to 65 months, most patients with diplopia improved in the first-week except one, who eventually improved at 1 year. All patients with an EOM limitation improved during the first month of follow-up. Enophthalmos (displacement, 2 mm) was observed in two patients. The orbit volume measured on the CT scans was statistically significantly restored in both groups. No complications related to the surgery were observed. Conclusions We recommend the reconstruction of orbit walls in the comminuted IMS group by using the following surgical strategy: usage of multiple pieces of rigid implants instead of one large implant, sequential repair first of the floor and then of the medial wall, and a focus on the reconstruction of key areas. Our strategy of step-by-step reconstruction has the benefits of easy repair, less surgical trauma, and minimal stress to the surgeon. PMID:26217562
Palmes, Daniel; Brüwer, Matthias; Bader, Franz G; Betzler, Michael; Becker, Heinz; Bruch, Hans-Peter; Büchler, Markus; Buhr, Heinz; Ghadimi, Beta Michael; Hopt, Ulrich T; Konopke, Ralf; Ott, Katja; Post, Stefan; Ritz, Jörg-Peter; Ronellenfitsch, Ulrich; Saeger, Hans-Detlev; Senninger, Norbert
Correct diagnosis, surgical treatment, and perioperative management of patients with esophageal carcinoma remain crucial for prognosis within multimodal treatment procedures. This study aims to achieve a consensus regarding current management strategies in esophageal cancer by questioning a panel of experts from the German Advanced Surgical Treatment Study (GAST) group, comprised of 9 centers specialized in esophageal surgery, with a combined total of >220 esophagectomies per year. The Delphi method, a systematic and interactive, evidence-based approach, was used to obtain consensus statements from the GAST group regarding ambiguities and disparities in diagnosis, patient selection, surgical technique, and perioperative management of patients with esophageal carcinoma. After four rounds of surveys, agreement was measured by Likert scales and defined as full (100% agreement), near (≥66.6% agreement), or no consensus (<66.6% agreement). Full or near consensus was obtained for essential aspects of esophageal cancer staging, proper surgical technique, perioperative management and indication for primary surgery, and neoadjuvant treatment or palliative treatment. No consensus was achieved regarding acceptability of minimally invasive technique and postoperative nutrition after esophagectomy. The GAST consensus statement represents a position paper for treatment of patients with esophageal carcinoma which both contributes to the development of clinical treatment guidelines and outlines topics in need of further clinical studies.
Bhattacharjee, Harsha; Bhattacharjee, Kasturi; Bhattacharjee, Pankaj; Das, Dipankar; Gogoi, Krishna; Arati, Diyali
Aims: To describe liquefied after cataract (LAC) and its surgical management following an uneventful phacoemulsification with posterior chamber in-the-bag intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis (CCC). Design: Interventional case series. Materials and Methods: Eleven patients with LAC, following uneventful phacoemulsification with CCC and in-the-bag IOL implantation were enrolled. After the basic slit lamp examination, each case was investigated with Scheimpflug photography and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). Each case was treated with capsular lavage. Biochemical composition of the milky fluid was evaluated and ring of anterior capsular opacity (ACO) was examined under electron microscope. Results: All 11 cases presented with blurring of vision after 6-8 years of cataract surgery with IOL implantation. All cases had IOL microvacuoles, 360° anterior capsule, and anterior IOL surface touch along with ACO, ring of Soemmering, and posterior capsule distension filled with opalescent milky fluid with whitish floppy or crystalline deposits. Biochemically, the milky fluid contained protein (800 mg/dl), albumin (100 mg/dl), sugar (105 mg/dl), and calcium (0.13%) and was bacteriologically sterile. Histologically, the dissected ACO showed fibrous tissue. All cases were successfully treated with capsular lavage with good visual recovery and with no complication. There was no recurrence of LAC during 2 years postoperative follow-up in any of the cases. Conclusions: LAC is a late complication of standard cataract surgery. It may be a spectrum of capsular bag distension syndrome (CBDS) without shallow anterior chamber and secondary glaucoma. Capsular bag lavage is a simple and effective treatment for LAC and a safe alternative to neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd-YAG) capsulotomy. PMID:24881605
Dabizha, Oleksii Y.; Kostenko, Alona A.; Gomolyako, Irina V.; Samko, Kristina A.; Borovyk, Denys V.
Background: Tubular breasts are caused by connective tissue malformation and occur in puberty. The main clinical characteristics of the tubular breast are breast asymmetry, dense fibrous ring around the areola, hernia bulging of the areola, megaareola, and hypoplasia of quadrants of the breast. Pathology causes great psychological discomfort to patients. Methods: This study included 17 patients, aged 18 to 34 years, with tubular breast type II who had bilateral pathology and were treated from 2013 to 2016. They had surgical treatment by method of the clinic. Correction technique consisted of mobilization of the central part of the gland and formation of a glandular flap with vertical and horizontal scorings, which looks like a “chessboard,” that was sufficient to cover the lower pole of the implant. The flap was fixed to the submammary folds with stitches that prevented its reduction and accented a new submammary fold. To underscore the importance of the method and to study the structural features of the vascular bed of tubular breast tissue, a morphological study was conducted. Results: Mean follow-up time was 25 months (range between 13 and 37 mo). The proposed technique achieved good results. Complications (hematoma, circumareolar scarring, and “double-bubble” deformity) were identified in 4 patients. Conclusions: Our morphological study confirmed that tubular breast tissue has increased vascularity due to the vessels with characteristic minor malformation and due to the high restorative potential of the vascular bed. Therefore, an extended glandular flap could be freely mobilized without damaging its blood supply; thus, the flap in most cases covered the implant completely and good aesthetic results were achieved. PMID:27826461
Chudecka-Głaz, Anita; Kuźniak, Sławomir; Menkiszak, Janusz
Abstract Detectability of early stages of ectopic pregnancies has increased due to improvements in ultrasonographic and biochemical techniques. Since the patients’ future procreative plans must be taken into consideration when commencing treatment, the goal of this work was to compare the effects of treatment methods and their impact on fertility. The study included 91 patients treated surgically for ectopic pregnancy. The choice of treatment depended on patients’ general condition, ultrasonographic evaluation and serum level of beta-hCG. A combination of laparoscopic and conservative systemic treatment was applied in 70% of cases. More rapid beta-hCG reduction was noted when laparoscopy and intra-oviductal injection of hyperosmolar glucose or methotrexate (MTX) were combined with intramuscular administration of MTX at a dose of 50 mg/m2. Follow-up examination of 66 patients revealed that the greatest number of spontaneous pregnancies (48%) resulted after this combination therapy. We conclude that this combination treatment is safe and provides satisfactory results in terms of future fertility. PMID:28352846
The aim of this report is to present the scientific rationale for considering maxillomandibular advancement as the surgical treatment of choice in selected patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; review the treatment planning that will identify those patients who would benefit from this procedure; review the surgical techniques; and review the patient outcomes after maxillomandibular advancement surgery. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome who have demonstrable retropositioning of the maxilla and mandible should be informed of maxillomandibular advancement as the primary surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
Vasudeva, Viren S; Chi, John H; Groff, Michael W
OBJECTIVE Vertebral hemangiomas are common tumors that are benign and generally asymptomatic. Occasionally these lesions can exhibit aggressive features such as bony expansion and erosion into the epidural space resulting in neurological symptoms. Surgery is often recommended in these cases, especially if symptoms are severe or rapidly progressive. Some surgeons perform decompression alone, others perform gross-total resection, while others perform en bloc resection. Radiation, embolization, vertebroplasty, and ethanol injection have also been used in combination with surgery. Despite the variety of available treatment options, the optimal management strategy is unclear because aggressive vertebral hemangiomas are uncommon lesions, making it difficult to perform large trials. For this reason, the authors chose instead to report their institutional experience along with a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS A departmental database was searched for patients with a pathological diagnosis of "hemangioma" between 2008 and 2015. Medical records were reviewed to identify patients with aggressive vertebral hemangiomas, and these cases were reviewed in detail. RESULTS Five patients were identified who underwent surgery for treatment of aggressive vertebral hemangiomas during the specified time period. There were 2 lumbar and 3 thoracic lesions. One patient underwent en bloc spondylectomy, 2 patients had piecemeal gross-total resection, and the remaining 2 had subtotal tumor resection. Intraoperative vertebroplasty was used in 3 cases to augment the anterior column or to obliterate residual tumor. Adjuvant radiation was used in 1 case where there was residual tumor as well. The patient who underwent en bloc spondylectomy experienced several postoperative complications requiring additional medical care and reoperation. At an average follow-up of 31 months (range 3-65 months), no patient had any recurrence of disease and all were clinically asymptomatic, except the
Rydzewski, Bogdan; Juszkat, Robert; Matusiak, Monika; Zarzecka, Małgorzata Anna
We report on two cases of patients, in whom endovascular embolization of the maxillary artery and next surgical ligation of the anterior ethmoidal artery was performed due to posttraumatic intracrable epistaxis. In those patients, conservative treatment failed, hence endovascular embolization was made. Due to persisted bleeding, right anterior ethmoidal artery were surgically ligated in both patients. After the procedures, bleeding completely stopped.
Aisen, J; Pereira, W C; Andrade, A F; Psilakis, J M
The authors relate their experience in the anterior floor meningoencephaloceles surgical treatment, excised by the intracranial pathway and extradural approach. They compare their results on five cases operated according to this technique, with other six cases treated in the same Department using other surgical procedures and with those in the literature.
Chaudhary, Milind M; Chaudhary, Ishani M; Vikas, KN; KoKo, Aung; Zaw, Than; Siddhartha, A
Background: Cam femoroacetabular impingement is caused by a misshapen femoral head with a reduced head neck offset, commonly in the anterolateral quadrant. Friction in flexion, adduction and internal rotation causes limitation of the hip movements and pain progressively leading to labral and chondral damage and osteoarthritis. Surgical hip dislocation described by Ganz permits full exposure of the hip without damaging its blood supply. An osteochondroplasty removes the bump at the femoral head neck junction to recreate the offset for impingement free movement. Materials and Methods: Sixteen patients underwent surgery with surgical hip dislocation for the treatment of cam femoroacetabular impingement by open osteochondroplasty over last 6 years. Eight patients suffered from sequelae of avascular necrosis (AVN). Three had a painful dysplastic hip. Two had sequelae of Perthes disease. Three had combined cam and pincer impingement caused by retroversion of acetabulum. All patients were operated by the trochanteric flip osteotomy with attachments of gluteus medius and vastus lateralis, dissection was between the piriformis and gluteus minimus preserving the external rotators. Z-shaped capsular incision and dislocation of the hip was done in external rotation. Three cases also had subtrochanteric osteotomy. Two cases of AVN also had an intraarticular femoral head reshaping osteotomy. Results: Goals of treatment were achieved in all patients. No AVN was detected after a 6 month followup. There were no trochanteric nonunions. Hip range of motion improved in all and Harris hip score improved significantly in 15 of 16 cases. Mean alpha angle reduced from 86.13° (range 66°–108°) to 46.35° (range 39°–58°). Conclusion: Cam femoroacetabular Impingement causing pain and limitation of hip movements was treated by open osteochondroplasty after surgical hip dislocation. This reduced pain, improved hip motion and gave good to excellent results in the short term. PMID
Mayer, C S; Hoffmann, A E
Iris defects with their disturbed pupillary function, visual impairment and glare constitute a therapeutic challenge in surgical reconstruction. A new therapeutic option for distinctive defects consists in the implantation of a custom-made silicone iris. This new and challenging therapy provides the opportunity to achieve an individual, aesthetically appealing and good functional result for the patient.
Goiato, Marcelo Coelho; Santos, Murillo Rezende; Pesqueira, Aldiéris Alves; Moreno, Amália; dos Santos, Daniela Micheline; Haddad, Marcela Filié
Techniques of rapid prototyping were introduced in the 1980s in the field of engineering for the fabrication of a solid model based on a computed file. After its introduction in the biomedical field, several applications were raised for the fabrication of models to ease surgical planning and simulation in implantology, neurosurgery, and orthopedics, as well as for the fabrication of maxillofacial prostheses. Hence, the literature has described the evolution of rapid prototyping technique in health care, which allowed easier technique, improved surgical results, and fabrication of maxillofacial prostheses. Accordingly, a literature review on MEDLINE (PubMed) database was conducted using the keywords rapid prototyping, surgical planning, and maxillofacial prostheses and based on articles published from 1981 to 2010. After reading the titles and abstracts of the articles, 50 studies were selected owing to their correlations with the aim of the current study. Several studies show that the prototypes have been used in different dental-medical areas such as maxillofacial and craniofacial surgery; implantology; neurosurgery; orthopedics; scaffolds of ceramic, polymeric, and metallic materials; and fabrication of personalized maxillofacial prostheses. Therefore, prototyping has been an indispensable tool in several studies and helpful for surgical planning and fabrication of prostheses and implants.
Bruskewitz, R; Raz, S
A comparison is made of two groups of patients treated surgically in nonrandomized fashion for Peyronie disease. The first group was treated with excision of the plaque and dermal patch graft; the second with simple incision of the plaque and implantation of penile prostheses. Literature and personal experience comparing the two methods are discussed.
Bruschini, H; Mitre, A I
A new method for surgical correction of Peyronie disease by grafting autologous muscular aponeurosis was tried in 4 patients. Early results were encouraging, with disappearance of penile curvature and of pain on erection. The urologist can perform the operation without the assistance a plastic surgeon must usually give when dermal grafts are used.
Uchida, T; Fukasawa, M; Kawahara, Y
Postinfarction ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a lethal complication with high mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate our surgical strategy and results of VSR. Between 1996 and 2008, 13 consecutive patients underwent operation for VSR at our hospital. All patients required emergent operation because of severe cardiogenic shock. Surgical procedure consisted of endocardial patch repair with infarct exclusion, so called "Komeda-David operation". In patients with multiple coronary artery disease, myocardial revascularization was done simultaneously. These patients were divided into 2 groups according to the location of VSR. There were 9 patients of anterior VSR. Two of them could not be weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass and died of severe low output syndrome (LOS) at early postoperative period. The site of infarction in both patients was broad anteroseptal region including right ventricle. On the other hand, there were 4 patients of inferior VSP. Two of these patients were lost due to LOS. One patient was complicated with left ventricular free wall rupture. In another patient, infarction was extended proximally toward the mitral annulus and papillary muscles. Both cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic crossclamp time were significantly longer in inferior VSR than in anterior region. There was no late death in 2 groups. Despite improvements of surgical procedures, such as infarct exclusion technique, the operative mortality remains high in cases with broad infarction and/or right ventricular infarction. In these particular circumstances, in should be mandatory to consider the optimal timing of operation and the modification of surgical technique itself.
Constantin, A; Mates, IN; Predescu, D; Hoara, P; Achim, FI; Constantinoiu, S
Background: Pharyngo-esophageal diverticula are most frequently described in elderly patients, having symptoms such as dysphagia, regurgitation, chronic cough, aspiration and weight loss. The etiology remains controversial, although most of the theories are linked to structural or functional abnormalities of the crico-pharyngeal muscle. With the therapeutic attitude varying from conservative to surgical (with associated morbidity and mortality), the importance of knowing the etiopathology and clinical implications of the disease for establishing the management of the case is mandatory. The aim of the study is the reevaluation of the methods and therapeutic principles in pharyngo-esophageal diverticular disease, starting from the etio pathogeny. Materials and Methods: Our study group is made up of 11 patients with surgical indication for Zenker diverticulum, operated between 2001 and 2011. Results: During that period, more patients were diagnosed with this pathology, but the surgical indication was carefully established, in conformity with the actual practice guides, which involve the evaluation of the clinical manifestations determined by the diverticulum, as well as the identification and interception of the pathological mechanisms by the therapeutic gesture. Conclusion: Although it has a “benign” pathology, the esophageal diverticulum requires complex surgical procedure that implies significant morbidity. Abbreviations UES= upper esophageal sphincter; NPO= nothing by mouth PMID:22574094
Samokhvalov, I M; Zavrazhnov, A A; Kornilov, E A; Margarian, S A
An investigation of materials of treatment of 130 wounded with combined wounds (CW) of extremity blood vessels during war in Afghanistan and in counter-terrorist operations in the Northern Caucasus has shown that the specific feature of surgical treatment of wounds of the extremity arteries associated with severe wounds of other localizations consists in limited possibilities to save the extremities. The scale MESS of a severity of extremity wounds was improved. It allowed a reliable prognosis for wounded with gunshot injuries of the arteries concerning necessary amputation (97%) or a possibility to save the extremity (100%). A strategy of surgical treatment of CW of the extremity arteries is proposed on the basis of an estimation of the general severity of the trauma, the V.A. Kornilov classification of the severity of acute ischemia and a FS-MESS scale of extremity injuries.
Hong, Guang-Liang; Lu, Cai-Jiao; Lu, Zhong-Qiu; Li, Meng-Fang; Qiu, Qiao-Meng; Liang, Huan; Wu, Bin
Necrotising fasciitis and sepsis caused by the infection of vibrio is a rare but dangerous clinical emergency, with a mortality of 50-100%. Early diagnosis and surgical treatment may improve the prognosis significantly. However, valid emergency operation indications are scarce and need to be explored, which will be helpful for the early recognition and selection of operational procedures in patients with vibrio necrotising fasciitis. We retrospectively analysed the patients with vibrio necrotising fasciitis admitted to the emergency department of our hospital from July 2000 to June 2009. The surgical treatment strategy was summarised in order to provide clinical evidence for surgical treatment of vibrio necrotising fasciitis. A total of 19 cases of vibrio necrotising fasciitis were selected in our study. All the patients were living along the coast, and 68.4% had a history of chronic liver disease, 78.9% had a history of ethanol abuse, 52.6% had fever, 89.5% were complicated with septic shock and 31.6% progressed to multiple-organ dysfunction syndrome. Rapidly progressive local swelling and pain as well as skin superficial venous stasis were the early presentations of vibrio necrotising fasciitis, while skin ecchymosis, blisters or blood blisters, necrosis and subcutaneous crepitation were the presentations of the advanced stage. Seventeen patients received emergency incision and drainage, subcutaneous vein thrombosis, subcutaneous tissue necrosis, muscle and full-thickness necrosis observed in the operation, and necrotising fasciitis was confirmed by exploration or pathologic examination. Selective debridement and skin graft was performed to repair the wound after operation, and amputation was performed on two patients to close the wound. The average length of stay was 21.3 days (1-82 days), and eight patients died, with mortality being 42.1%. Rapidly progressive local damage and acute deterioration of the patients are the most distinctive clinical manifestations
Lewis, Robert T.; Bleier, Joshua I. S.
Crohn disease involves the perineum and rectum in approximately one-third of patients. Symptoms can range from mild, including skin tags and hemorrhoids, to unremitting and severe, requiring a proctectomy in a small, but significant, portion. Fistula-in-ano and perineal sepsis are the most frequent manifestation seen on presentation. Careful diagnosis, including magnetic resonance imaging or endorectal ultrasound with examination under anesthesia and aggressive medical management, usually with a tumor necrosis factor-alpha, is critical to success. Several options for definitive surgical repair are discussed, including fistulotomy, fibrin glue, anal fistula plug, endorectal advancement flap, and ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract procedure. All suffer from decreased efficacy in patients with Crohn disease. In the presence of active proctitis or perineal disease, no surgical therapy other than drainage of abscesses and loose seton placement is recommended, as iatrogenic injury and poor wound healing are common in that scenario. PMID:24436656
Vida, Vladimiro L; Carrozzini, Massimiliano; Padalino, Massimo; Milanesi, Ornella; Stellin, Giovanni
Congenital mitral valve (MV) dysplasia is a relatively rare and highly complex cardiac disease. We present our results and illustrate the techniques used to repair these valves. Between 1972 and 2014, 100 consecutive patients underwent surgical repair of congenital MV dysplasia at our institution. Predominant MV regurgitation was present in 53 patients (53%) whereas mitral stenosis was prevalent in 47 (47%). There were five early (5%) and eight late deaths (9%). Actuarial survival was 95%, 94%, and 93% at 5, 10, and 20 years, respectively. Sixteen patients (18%) required reintervention due to subsequent MV dysfunction. Actuarial freedom from reintervention for MV dysfunction was 95%, 92%, and 89% at 5, 10, and 20 years, respectively. The mechanism underlying the valve dysfunction in congenital mitral valve dysplasia is multifactorial and requires the application of a variety of surgical techniques for repair. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12743 (J Card Surg 2016;31:352-356). © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Lee, V; Konrad, H; Bunce, C; Nelson, C; Collin, J R O
Aims: To describe the aetiology, demography, surgical management, and outcome of a cohort of paediatric ptosis patients in a large tertiary referral oculoplastic centre. Methods: A case note review of all patients undergoing ptosis surgery below the age of 16 years in a tertiary referral oculoplastic unit documenting the laterality, aetiology, severity of ptosis, indications for and type of surgery undertaken, the proportion of good, suboptimal, and poor surgical outcomes, re-operations, and level of patient satisfaction. Results: 340 patients (82% (280/340) unilateral, 18% (60/340) bilateral ptosis) with myogenic (79%, 269/340), aponeurotic (5%, 16/340), neurogenic (11%, 37/340), mechanical (2%, 6/340), apparent (1%, 2/340), and syndrome related (3%, 10/340) ptosis underwent anterior (41%, 141/340) and posterior (26%, 90/340) levator resection, frontalis suspension with mersilene (9%, 29/340) and autogenous fascia lata (17%, 59/340), levator transposition (5%, 15/340) and other surgery (1%, 6/340) for visual (43%, 141/333) and cosmetic (57%, 189/333) indications. 77% (260/340) of patients achieved a good outcome, 10% (35/340) a suboptimal outcome, and 13% (45/340) a poor outcome requiring re-operation. There was no statistically significant difference in surgical outcome between patients with mild, moderate, or severe ptosis and with good, moderate, or poor levator function. The level of recorded patient satisfaction with the surgical outcome was 90% (206/229). Conclusions: Results suggest that most groups of paediatric ptosis patients, including those with poor levator function and severe ptosis, achieve satisfactory results with the appropriate ptosis surgery. PMID:12386090
Tu, Ming; Lu, Qin; Zhu, Penglei; Zheng, Weiming
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare disease caused by a sudden hemorrhage into or infarction of the pituitary gland. Its optimal management remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of surgical and non-surgical treatments for pituitary apoplexy. A systematic literature search was performed of MedLine, EmBase, the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science for articles published between January 1992 and September 2014. Studies of the outcomes in consecutive patients that compared surgical intervention with non-surgical treatment for pituitary apoplexy were included. Six studies met the inclusion criteria. As compared to the non-surgically treated patients, surgically treated patients had a significantly higher rate of recovery of ocular palsy and visual field (both P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the recovery of visual acuity and pituitary function (P>0.05) between the two groups. The findings of our study suggest that surgical intervention should be advocated for pituitary apoplexy patients with visual field defects and ocular palsy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Janson, Marcos; Janson, Guilherme; Sant'Ana, Eduardo; Simão, Tassiana Mesquita; de Freitas, Marcos Roberto
Despite the different orthodontic approaches to Class II subdivision malocclusions one has also to consider the skeletal components before undertaking any treatment protocol. Significant involvement of the skeletal structures may require a combined surgical orthodontic treatment, which has remained stable for more than four years, as illustrated in this case report.
Janson, Marcos; Janson, Guilherme; Sant′ana, Eduardo; Simão, Tassiana Mesquita; de Freitas, Marcos Roberto
Despite the different orthodontic approaches to Class II subdivision malocclusions one has also to consider the skeletal components before undertaking any treatment protocol. Significant involvement of the skeletal structures may require a combined surgical orthodontic treatment, which has remained stable for more than four years, as illustrated in this case report. PMID:19466264
Oztemür, Zekeriya; Bulut, Okay; Korkmaz, Murat; Gölge, Umut Hatay; Oztürk, Hayati; Tezeren, Gündüz; Günaydın, Ilhan
Radiation synovectomy (RS) is one of many therapeutic options used for recurrent joint synovitis. Our aim was to analyze the effect of the surgical synovectomy combined with yttrium 90 ((90)Y) in the treatment for recurrent joint synovitis. A surgical combined RS procedure was used on 32 knees of 30 patients. They were divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 7 knees of 7 patients (5 women and 2 men) with a mean age of 40.7 years in whom RS was combined with the open synovectomy. Group 2 consisted of 25 knees of 23 patients (21 men and 2 women) with a mean age of 45.5 years in whom RS was combined with the arthroscopic synovectomy. Arthroscopic synovectomy or open surgery biopsy was carried out for all cases who diagnosed of having synovitis. A scintigraphic examination was conducted within 24 h after the RS procedure to investigate the systemic leakage of (90)Y in all patients. The outcome of treatment was assessed based on self-reporting using the visual analogue scale (VAS) of night pain, rest pain, activity pain, effusion, and satisfactory scores. The average follow-up period was 4.15 years. There was a significant difference between before and after treatment in terms of outcome parameters' VAS scores in both groups (p < 0.05). But there was no statistically significant difference between open and arthroscopic synovectomy groups in terms of outcome parameters (p > 0.05). Satisfactory outcome was excellent in 3 patients (42.8 %) in group 1 and 8 patients (32 %) in group 2. Surgical synovectomy with combined (90)Y could treat recurrent joint synovitis successfully. There was no statistically significant difference between open and arthroscopic synovectomy techniques combined with RS procedure.
Cameron, Alan Edmond Parsons
This article presents a personal view of the indications for surgical treatment of patients with hyperhidrosis based on long clinical experience. Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy is the preferred opinion for palmar sweating. It is also useful when there is additional axillary sweating but is not the first choice for isolated armpit symptoms. Surgical treatment of craniofacial sweating is much more likely to be followed by undesirable side-effects. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Xing, Lei; He, Qiang; Wang, Yuan-Yuan; Li, Hong-Yuan; Ren, Guo-Sheng
Breast cancer has become the top malignant neoplasm in Chinese women with an increasing risk of morbidity and mortality. As a crucial part of comprehensive treatment of breast cancer, breast surgical technique is ceaselessly ameliorating and enriching its features. With the purpose of achieving minimal surgical intervention and satisfactory cosmetic results, the trend of mammary surgery is focusing on minimally invasive treatment and aesthetics in the 21st century. This article gives an overview of the most representative surgical procedures, such as breast conservative surgery, sentinel lymph node dissection, oncoplastic technique and breast reconstructive surgery.
Pinzur, Michael S
With the increased number of diabetics worldwide and the increased incidence of morbid obesity in more prosperous cultures, there has become an increased awareness of Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle. Outcome studies would suggest that patients with deformity associated with Charcot Foot arthropathy have impaired health related quality of life. This awareness has led reconstructive-minded foot and ankle surgeons to develop surgical strategies to treat these acquired deformities. This article outlines the current clinical approach to this disabling medical condition. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Bugeja, Simon; Andrich, Daniela E; Mundy, Anthony R
The surgical and non-surgical treatment of localised prostate cancer may be complicated by bladder neck contractures, prostatic urethral stenoses and bulbomembranous urethral strictures. In general, such complications following radical prostatectomy are less extensive, easier to treat and associated with a better outcome and more rapid recovery than the same complications following radiotherapy, high-intensity focussed ultrasound and cryotherapy. Treatment options range from minimally invasive endoscopic procedures to more complex and specialised open surgical reconstruction.In this chapter the surgical management of bladder neck contractures following the treatment of prostate cancer is described together with the management of prostatic urethral stenoses and bulbomembranous urethral strictures, given the difficulty in distinguishing them from one another clinically.
Hofstede, Stefanie N.; Marang-van de Mheen, Perla J.; Vliet Vlieland, Thea P. M.; van den Ende, Cornelia H. M.; Nelissen, Rob G. H. H.; van Bodegom-Vos, Leti
Introduction International evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) recommend to start with (a combination of) non-surgical treatments, and using surgical intervention only if a patient does not respond sufficiently to non-surgical treatment options. Despite these recommendations, there are strong indications that non-surgical treatments are not optimally used in orthopaedic practice. To improve the adoption of non-surgical treatments, more insight is needed into barriers and facilitators of these treatments. Therefore, this study assessed which barriers and facilitators are associated with the use and prescription of different non-surgical treatments before hip and knee OA in orthopaedic practice among patients and orthopaedic surgeons in the Netherlands. Materials and Methods We performed two internet-based surveys among 172 orthopaedic surgeons and 174 OA patients. Univariate association and multivariable regression techniques are used to identify barriers and facilitators associated with the use of non-surgical treatments. Results Most barriers and facilitators among patients were associated with the use of physical therapy, lifestyle advice and dietary therapy. Among orthopaedic surgeons, most were associated with prescription of acetaminophen, dietary therapy and physical therapy. Examples of barriers and facilitators among patients included “People in my environment had positive experiences with a surgery” (facilitator for education about OA), and “Advice of people in my environment to keep on moving” (facilitator for lifestyle and dietary advice). For orthopaedic surgeons, examples were “Lack of knowledge about guideline” (barrier for lifestyle advice), “Agreements/ deliberations with primary care” and “Easy communication with a dietician” (facilitators for dietary therapy). Also the belief in the efficacy of these treatments was associated with increased prescription. Conclusions
Hofstede, Stefanie N; Marang-van de Mheen, Perla J; Vliet Vlieland, Thea P M; van den Ende, Cornelia H M; Nelissen, Rob G H H; van Bodegom-Vos, Leti
International evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) recommend to start with (a combination of) non-surgical treatments, and using surgical intervention only if a patient does not respond sufficiently to non-surgical treatment options. Despite these recommendations, there are strong indications that non-surgical treatments are not optimally used in orthopaedic practice. To improve the adoption of non-surgical treatments, more insight is needed into barriers and facilitators of these treatments. Therefore, this study assessed which barriers and facilitators are associated with the use and prescription of different non-surgical treatments before hip and knee OA in orthopaedic practice among patients and orthopaedic surgeons in the Netherlands. We performed two internet-based surveys among 172 orthopaedic surgeons and 174 OA patients. Univariate association and multivariable regression techniques are used to identify barriers and facilitators associated with the use of non-surgical treatments. Most barriers and facilitators among patients were associated with the use of physical therapy, lifestyle advice and dietary therapy. Among orthopaedic surgeons, most were associated with prescription of acetaminophen, dietary therapy and physical therapy. Examples of barriers and facilitators among patients included "People in my environment had positive experiences with a surgery" (facilitator for education about OA), and "Advice of people in my environment to keep on moving" (facilitator for lifestyle and dietary advice). For orthopaedic surgeons, examples were "Lack of knowledge about guideline" (barrier for lifestyle advice), "Agreements/ deliberations with primary care" and "Easy communication with a dietician" (facilitators for dietary therapy). Also the belief in the efficacy of these treatments was associated with increased prescription. Strategies to improve non-surgical treatment use in orthopaedic practice
Tao, Liu; Xi-Lin, H; Xiang-Dong, M
The aim of this study is to explore the surgical strategies for treating Hashimoto's disease complicated with thyroid microcarcinoma. We analyzed the clinical data of 25 patients with Hashimoto's disease with thyroid microcarcinoma who were treated in our hospital from January 1995 to September 2011. The incidence of Hashimoto's disease with thyroid microcarcinoma was 9.8 % (25/256) in our hospital. Amongst them, 19 patients had papillary thyroid carcinoma and six had follicular thyroid carcinoma. There were 24 cases (96 %) confirmed by the frozen section examination and one (4 %) after surgery. One patient did not undergo remedial surgery. The surgical approaches were determined based on preoperative examinations and intraoperative frozen pathology, including thyroid lobe and isthmus resection with contralateral lobe subtotal resection in 19 cases, and bilateral subtotal thyroid lobectomy in one case. Central lymph node dissection was conducted for all patients except one who was not diagnosed until after the surgery. No recurrence occurred during the follow-up (range: 6 months to 17 years) and all patients have survived to date. The preoperative diagnosis rate of Hashimoto's disease with thyroid cancer (in particular thyroid microcarcinomas) is low. Preoperative palpation, color Doppler ultrasound, fine needle aspiration, and the frozen section examination are helpful to improve the diagnosis rate of Hashimoto's disease with thyroid microcarcinoma. Surgery procedure is the most effective approach.
Mujanovic, Emir; Bergsland, Jacob; Avdic, Sevleta; Stanimirovic-Mujanovic, Sanja; Kovacevic-Preradovic, Tamara; Kabil, Emir
Introduction: Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a rare condition because in most instances ventricular free-wall rupture leads to fatal pericardial tamponade. Rupture of the free wall of the left ventricle is a catastrophic complication of myocardial infarction, occurring in approximately 4% of patients with infarcts, resulting in immediate collapse of the patient and electromechanical dissociation. In rare cases the rupture is contained by pericardial and fibrous tissue, and the result is a pseudoaneurysm. The left ventricular pseudoaneurysm contains only pericardial and fibrous elements in its wall-no myocardial tissue. Because such aneurysms have a strong tendency to rupture, this disorder may lead to death if it is left surgically untreated. Case report: In this case report, we present a patient who underwent successful repair of a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm, which followed a myocardial infarction that was caused by occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery. Although repair of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is still a surgical challenge, it can be performed with acceptable results in most patients. PMID:25568538
Gunderson, L.L.; Hoskins, R.B.; Cohen, A.C.; Kaufman, S.; Wood, W.C.; Carey, R.W.
In a series of 46 patients with localized gastric cancer treated at Massachusetts General Hospital, problems with excessive acute or chronic toxicity due to combination treatment with irradiation (XRT) and chemotherapy (CT) were not seen. Forty of the 46 received combined treatment with 2 regimens: (1) irradiation plus concomitant 3 days of 5-FU followed by maintenance 5-FU or combined drugs-26 patients; (2) in the other 14 patients, the sequence of irradiation and chemotherapy was altered. A single course of combined drug chemotherapy was given prior to irradiation and 5 to 6 additional courses were administered after completion of XRT (CT-XRT-CT). The drug combination was initially 5-FU-BGNU but this was changed to FAM (5-FU, Adriamycin, Mitomycin C). In this series, there were no cases of septicemia or any deaths related to treatment. A 3 year survival rate of about 20% was achieved for the total group of patients and 43% in the group with resection but at high risk for later failure. Our inability to improve these numbers is undoubtedly a result of dose limitations with external beam irradiation combined with a systemic failure problem. When irradiation is combined with surgical resection of all or a majority of tumor, both survival and local control appear to be better than in the unresected patient group. Only 4 of 29 patients (14%) with curative resection, or resection but residual disease, had later evidence of failure within the irradiation field as opposed to 6 of 9 or 66% in the group with unresectable disease.
Torres-Villalobos, Gonzalo; Martin-del-Campo, Luis Alfonso
Achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder that leads to dysphagia, chest pain, and weight loss. Its diagnosis is clinically suspected and is confirmed with esophageal manometry. Although pneumatic dilation has a role in the treatment of patients with achalasia, laparoscopic Heller myotomy is considered by many experts as the best treatment modality for most patients with newly diagnosed achalasia. This review will focus on the surgical treatment of achalasia, with special emphasis on laparoscopic Heller myotomy. We will also present a brief discussion of the evaluation of patients with persistent or recurrent symptoms after surgical treatment for achalasia and emerging technologies such as LESS, robot-assisted myotomy, and POEM. PMID:24348542
Aranda-Narváez, José Manuel; González-Sánchez, Antonio Jesús; Montiel-Casado, Custodia; Sánchez-Pérez, Belinda; Jiménez-Mazure, Carolina; Valle-Carbajo, Marta; Santoyo-Santoyo, Julio
Presacral tumors are rare, but can comprise a great variety of histological types. Congenital tumors are the most common. Once the diagnosis is established, surgical resection is essential because of the potential for malignancy or infection. Previous biopsy is not necessary or may be even harmful. To decide the best surgical approach (abdominal, sacral or combined) an individual and multidisciplinary analysis must be carried out. We report three cases of cystic presacral masses in which a posterior approach (Kraske procedure) enabled complete resection, the only way to decrease local recurrence. All patients had a satisfactory recovery. A brief overview of retrorectal tumors is presented, focusing on classification, clinical presentation, diagnosis and surgical management.
Giassin, Nantin Panagiota; Apatzidou, Danae Anastasia; Solomou, Katerina; Mateo, Luis R; Panagakos, Fotinos S; Konstantinidis, Antonis
To determine the efficacy of a desensitizing regimen compared to a control in preventing the occurrence and/or alleviating dentin/root sensitivity (DRS) following non-surgical (NSPT) and surgical periodontal treatment (SPT). Seventy-four chronic-periodontitis patients (CPP) were randomized into a test group (n = 38) using an in-office prophylaxis paste and a toothpaste at home both containing 8% arginine and calcium carbonate (Pro-Argin(™) Technology) or into a control group (n = 36) receiving a fluoride-free prophylaxis paste and a fluoride toothpaste. The examiner applied the assigned paste onto selected teeth for 3 s following NSPT and for 60 s before flap closure. Patients brushed with the assigned toothpaste twice daily throughout the study. DRS to air stimulus was assessed by the Schiff scale (0-3) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS: 0-100 mm) six times over 17 weeks. In the test group, VAS scores significantly decreased at 8, 11 and 17 weeks from baseline (p ≤ 0.003) and Schiff scores at 8 and 11 weeks from baseline (p ≤ 0.014). The control group exhibited significant increases in VAS and Schiff during the study period (p ≤ 0.006). Marked inter-group differences were noted at all time points (p < 0.001). The combined use of desensitizing products (8% arginine and calcium carbonate) in-office and at-home prevented DRS development and maintained this effect for 17 weeks following NSPT and SPT. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Oduwole, K. O.; de SA, D.; Kay, J.; Findakli, F.; Duong, A.; Simunovic, N.; Yen, Y-M.
Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the existing literature from 2005 to 2016 reporting on the efficacy of surgical management of patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) secondary to slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Methods The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched and screened in duplicate. Data such as patient demographics, surgical technique, surgical outcomes and complications were retrieved from eligible studies. Results Fifteen eligible level IV studies were included in this review comprising 261 patients (266 hips). Treatment groups included arthroscopic osteochondroplasty, surgical hip dislocation, and traditional open osteotomy. The mean alpha angle corrections were 32.14° (standard deviation (sd) 7.02°), 41.45° (sd 10.5°) and 6.0° (sd 5.21°), for arthroscopy, surgical hip dislocation, and open osteotomy groups, respectively (p < 0.05). Each group demonstrated satisfactory clinical outcomes across their respective scoring systems. Major complication rates were 1.6%, 10.7%, and 6.7%, for arthroscopy, surgical dislocation and osteotomy treatments, respectively. Conclusion In the context of SCFE-related FAI, surgical hip dislocation demonstrated improved correction of the alpha angle, albeit at higher complication and revision rates than both arthroscopic and open osteotomy treatments. Further investigation, including high-quality trials with standardised radiological and clinical outcome measures for young patients, is warranted to clarify treatment approaches and safety. Cite this article: K. O. Oduwole, D. de Sa, J. Kay, F. Findakli, A. Duong, N. Simunovic, Y. Yi-Meng, O. R. Ayeni. Surgical treatment of femoroacetabular impingement following slipped capital femoral epiphysis: A systematic review. Bone Joint Res 2017;6:472–480. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.68.BJR-2017-0018.R1. PMID:28790036
Mirković, L; Petković, S; Mirković, D; Jeremić, K; Milenković, V; Maksimović, M
Analyses were carried out on 545 Wertheim-Meigs radical hysterectomies performed at the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the Clinical Center of Serbia during a four-year period from 2002 to 2006. More than ten lymphatic glands in 84.4% of patients were removed. The apical part of the vagina was removed in 77.8% of cases, and 77.6% of patients had the right part of the vagina removed. Distribution of surgical radicality according to FIGO stage of disease has been demonstrated. Comparison of research results in the period from 1996 to 2000 shows a significantly more radical approach concerning the number of lymphatic glands removed during this period.
Varga, Péter Pál
Chordoma is an uncommon malignant tumor with unusual characteristics developing in the remnants of the notochord and usually manifesting itself in patients in their forties and fifties. It is usually located in the body's symmetrical axis or attached to it. The pathological structure is rather characteristic to benign tumors. Although not painful, it is a mercilessly aggressive local tumor, in some cases resulting metastatic progression and might alter its histological picture in long-lived patients. It is found most prevalently (about 60 percent) in the sacrococcygeal region and at the clivus and manifesting itself spinally (over the sacrum) most likely in the lumbar region. Between 1992 and 2002, the authors have treated surgically 37 patients with sacrococcygeal chordoma. They applied wide resection following which only seven patients required re-operation. They show detailed data regarding this patient group and discuss the technical aspects of the wide tumor-resection.
Tan, S M; Chin, T W; Mitra, A K; Tan, S K
The accessory navicular is a known cause of foot pain. When symptomatic and conservative measures have failed, surgical intervention may be required. Simple excision of the ossicle or the Kidner procedure with transplantation of tibialis posterior tendon to the undersurface of the navicular bone may be done. Eighteen patients with symptomatic accessory navicular were reviewed at the Singapore General Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery 'O' Unit. All 18 patients had foot pain and restriction of activities. Thirteen noticed a prominence on the medial side of the affected foot and 7 had difficulty with shoe fitting. Nine underwent simple excision of the ossicle while the other 9 had the Kidner procedure done. The average follow-up period was 3.1 years. Both the simple excision and the Kidner procedure were equally successful in relieving symptoms in 15 out of the 18 cases. The Kidner procedure did not confer any particular advantage over simple excision.
Kaya, D; Taner, T; Aksu, M; Keser, E I; Tuncbilek, G; Mavili, M E
The aim of this case report was to present the combined orthodontic and surgical treatment of a patient with Apert syndrome in an adult stage. A 15 years old male patient with Apert syndrome was concerned about the appearance of his face and malocclusion. His profile was concave with a retruded maxilla and prominent lower lip. He had an Angle class I molar relationship with a 9.5 mm anterior open bite. The amount of crowding was 20.4 mm in the maxilla and 6 mm in the mandible. Cephalometric analysis revealed a skeletal Class III relationship due to maxillary hypoplasia with a dolichofacial growth pattern. Orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery were planned for the patient. After 45 months of presurgical orthodontics, the patient underwent two surgeries sequentially. The first surgery was performed to advance the maxilla and the second surgery was performed to correct the mandibular rotation and increase the overbite at the time of removing halo device. The amount of maxillary advencement was 8 mm. Mandibula was moved 1.5 mm anteriorly and rotated 1° to 1.5° (SNB and facial depth) in a counterclockwise direction. After a relatively long treatment, an esthetically pleasing and functional occlusion and correction of the skeletal problem was achieved in this adult case.
Chu, Yong-Ming; Bergeron, Léonard; Chen, Yu-Ray
Bimaxillary protrusion is a commonly seen deformity in Asian populations. This condition is characterized by protrusive and proclined upper and lower incisors and an increased procumbency of the lips. It is usually combined with lip incompetence, gummy smile, mentalis strain, and anterior open bite. Facial aesthetics is the primary concern of these patients. Successful treatment depends on a thorough evaluation and understanding of this dentofacial deformity. Typical orthodontic treatment includes retraction and retroclination of maxillary and mandibular incisors after extraction of the four first premolars. Orthognathic surgery is required to correct significant skeletal problems. Anterior subapical osteotomies and extraction of premolars can correct sagittal excess of the jaw bones and relieve dental crowding. Segmental maxillary osteotomies are performed to treat patients with an associated exaggerated curve of Spee and vertical maxillary excess. Differential intrusion of anterior and posterior maxilla/maxillary segments with clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane is a useful technique for treatment of anterior open bite and creation of a consonant smile arc. Le Fort I osteotomy with setback sometimes provides an alternative to segmental maxillary osteotomies. Meticulous planning and execution of osteotomies in accordance with surgical planning are essential for aesthetic and functional outcome.
The authors analyze the results of surgical treatment for bilateral destructive pulmonary tuberculosis in 234 patients who have under- gone 449 lung operations. A study group comprised 156 patients who received mini-invasive surgical treatments via mini-accesses under video-assisted thoracoscopic control. A comparison group included 78 patients operated on through standard approaches by the conventional procedures. In the study group, surgery of less duration was attended by less blood loss, a need for fewer blood transfusions, and the lower incidence and severity of intraoperative complications. Complications following mini-invasive surgery occurred 4 times less frequently and postoperative mortality was 5 times less than that in the comparison group. With mini-invasive surgical techniques, a complete clinical effect at surgical hospital discharge was achieved 1.5-fold more frequently and it was more steady-state in the late period.
Robertson, Jason O.; Lawrance, Christopher P.; Maniar, Hersh S.; Damiano, Ralph J.
The use of surgical lesion sets for the treatment of atrial fibrillation has been increasing, particularly in patients with complicated anatomical substrates and those undergoing concomitant surgery. Preferences in terms of lesion set, surgical approach and ablation technology vary by center. This review discusses both the surgical techniques and the outcomes for the most commonly performed procedures in the context of recent consensus guidelines. The Cox-Maze IV, pulmonary vein isolation, extended left atrial lesion sets, the hybrid approach and ganglionated plexus ablation are each reviewed in an attempt to provide insight into current clinical practice and patient selection PMID:23823731
Dobrowolsky, Adrian; Fisichella, P Marco
The goal of this review is to illustrate our approach to patients with achalasia in terms of preoperative evaluation and surgical technique. Indications, patient selection and management are herein discussed. Specifically, we illustrate the pathogenetic theories and diagnostic algorithm with current up-to-date techniques to diagnose achalasia and its manometric variants. Finally, we focus on the therapeutic approaches available today: medical and surgical. A special emphasis is given on the surgical treatment of achalasia and we provide the reader with a detailed description of our pre and postoperative management.
Regueira, F M; Rodríguez-Spiteri, N; García Manero, M; Zornoza, G
Adecuate surgical treatment is mandatory in order to achieve cure in patients with breast cancer. Breast surgeons have to choice the best surgical technique over the breast and over the axillary nodes. Two new surgical aproaches have been implemented in the last decade: oncoplastic conservative surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Oncoplastic surgery provides oncologic safety results and good cosmetic outcome. In this paper the technical steps and indications of different oncoplastic techniques in conservative breast surgery are review. Concerning to axillary surgery sentinel lymph node biopsy is the gold standard. However there are several controversial points in sentinel node biopsy referring to indications, identification and histological findings.
Al-Otaibi, Faisal; Baeesa, Saleh S.; Parrent, Andrew G.; Girvin, John P.; Steven, David
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of medically intractable epilepsy. Advances in electrophysiology and neuroimaging have led to a more precise localization of the epileptogenic zone within the temporal lobe. Resective surgery is the most effective treatment for TLE. Despite the variability in surgical techniques and in the extent of resection, the overall outcomes of different TLE surgeries are similar. Here, we review different surgical interventions for the management of TLE. PMID:22957228
Kuhns, Benjamin D.; Frank, Rachel M.; Pulido, Luis
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a common cause of hip pain, and when indicated, can be successfully managed through open surgery or hip arthroscopy. The goal of this review is to describe the different approaches to the surgical treatment of FAI. We present the indications, surgical technique, rehabilitation, and complications associated with (1) open hip dislocation, (2) reverse periacetabular osteotomy, (3) the direct anterior “mini-open” approach, and (4) arthroscopic surgery for FAI. PMID:26697431
Timerbulatov, V M; Mekhdiev, D I; Timerbulatov, M V; Sagitov, R B; Iamalov, R A
This article presents results of surgical treatment of 2963 patients with cholelithiasis. The majority of them (71.8%) had an elective surgery, though 28.2% of patients underwent an emergency operation. A comparative assessment of obligate treatment criteria was made in 2 groups. A first group consisted of 803 patients and it was before introduction of Roman selection criteria used for surgical treatment of patients. A second group included 2963 patients in the period after introduction of selection criteria. Preoperative planning of surgery with evaluation of technical complexity of all stages of intervention with prognosis for possible complications should be the base of reasonable choice of surgical method of treatment of cholelithiasis and safety protection of surgery. The study completed and results obtained allowed decrease of the rate of postoperative complications to 1.4% and lethality--to 0.3%, respectively.
Keshtkar-Jahromi, Maryam; Razavi, Seyed-Mostafa; Gholamin, Sharareh; Keshtkar-Jahromi, Marzieh; Hossain, Mian; Sajadi, Mohammad
This review was undertaken to determine the role of surgery in the treatment of brucella endocarditis. All English and French articles reporting brucella endocarditis (1966–2011) in Pubmed, Google and Scopus were reviewed. 308 cases were identified and Linear and Logistic regression was performed. Surgery improved outcomes by decreasing mortality from 32.7% in the medical treatment only group to 6.7% in the combined surgical and medical treatment group (p<.001). This association was still significant while controlling for other contributing factors. In the absence of a controlled trial, we recommend the utmost vigilance and consideration of surgical management in treating such patients. PMID:23102495
Schneider, Susanne A; Deuschl, Günther
Tremor is a hyperkinetic movement disorder characterized by rhythmic oscillations of one or more body parts. Disease severity ranges from mild to severe with various degrees of impact on quality of life. Essential tremor and parkinsonian tremor are the most common etiologic subtypes. Treatment may be challenging; although several drugs are available, response may be unsatisfactory. For some tremor forms, controlled data are scarce or completely missing and treatment is often based on anecdotal evidence. In this article, we review the current literature on tremor treatment, with a focus on common forms.
Prifti, Edvin; Bonacchi, Massimo; Baboci, Arben; Giunti, Gabriele; Veshti, Altin; Demiraj, Aurel; Zeka, Merita; Rruci, Edlira; Bejko, Ervin
The left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LVP) is rare, the surgical experience is limited and its surgical treatment remains still a challenge with an elevated mortality. Herein, it is presented a retrospective analysis of our experience with acquired post infarct LVP over a10-year period. Between January 2006 through August 2016, a total of 13 patients underwent operation for post infarct pseudoaneurysm of the left ventricle. There were 10 men and 3 women and the mean age was 61 ± 7.6 years. 4 patients presented acute LVP. Two patients had preoperative intraortic balloon pump implantation. Various surgical techniques were used to obliterate the pseudoaneurysm such as direct pledgeted sutures buttressed by polytetrafluoroethylene felt, a Gore-Tex or Dacron patch, transatrial closure of LVP neck in submitral pseudoaneurysm, or linear closure in cases presenting associated postinfarct ventricular septal defect. Concomitant coronary artery bypasses were performed for significant stenoses in 12 patients, ventricular septal defect closure in 4 patients, mitral valve replacement in 3 and aortic valve replacement in 1 patient. Operative mortality was 30.8% (4 patients). Three of them were acute LVP. Three patients required the continuous hemodyalisis and 8 patients required intra-aortic balloon pump. At follow-up two deaths occurred at 1 and 3 years after surgery. In conclusion, this study revealed that surgical repair of post infarct left ventricular pseudoaneurysm was associated with an acceptable surgical mortality rate, that cardiac rupture did not occur in surgically treated patients.
Malvindi, Pietro Giorgio; Viola, Nicola
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare congenital heart disorder secondary to a malformation of the tricuspid valve and right ventricle. The heterogeneous spectrum of presentation of its structural anomalies and associated cardiomyopathy accounts for a widely varied clinical and hemodynamic manifestation of the pathology and its impact on timing of diagnosis and prognosis. Neonatal Ebstein's anomaly is characterized by reduced survival, while an average risk of mortality per year of 1% to 1.4% has been reported in infancy and adulthood. Medical management and a careful clinical and echocardiographic follow-up are advisable for all asymptomatic patients and those with minimal abnormalities. Surgical correction is recommended in presence of progressive dilation of the right atrium and right ventricle, development of right ventricular dysfunction, occurrence of supraventricular or ventricular arrhythmias or episodes of paradoxical embolization, reduced exercise capacity, or significant desaturation. Prosthetic valve replacement or repair of the tricuspid valve are both common strategies in the correction of tricuspid regurgitation. During the last three decades, important contributions in the development of repair techniques were driven from the experience of Danielson, Carpentier and da Silva, with satisfactory results in terms of safety and durability at long-term follow-up.
Convergence excess is a common finding especially in pediatric strabismus. A detailed diagnostic approach has to start after full correction of any hyperopia measured in cycloplegia. It includes measurements of manifest and latent deviation at near and distance fixation, near deviation after relaxation of accommodation with addition of +3 dpt, assessment of binocular function with and without +3 dpt as well as the accommodation range. This diagnostic approach is important for the classification into three types of convergence excess, which require different therapeutic approaches: 1) hypo-accommodative convergence excess is treated with permanent bifocal glasses, 2) norm-accommodative patients should be treated with bifocals which can be weaned over years, especially in patients with good stereopsis and 3) non-accommodative convergence excess and patients with large distance deviations need a surgical approach. The most effective operations include those which reduce the muscle torque, e. g. bimedial Faden operations or Y‑splitting of the medial rectus muscles.
Wieser, H G; Siegel, A M
The evaluation of drug-resistant epileptics in view of causal surgical epilepsy therapy aims at accurate identification of the 'epileptogenic area'. Definition of the 'epileptogenic area', which is not synonymous or coexistent with the 'lesional area', as a positively defined area of seizure onset is obtained through the recording and analysis of spontaneous habitual seizures with electrodes placed in or close to the presumed epileptogenic brain areas. Interictal epileptiform field potentials are important too. Long-term intracranial recording techniques include direct intracerebral stereotactic depth-recording (stereo-electroencephalography, SEEG) and epicortical recordings with the use of foramen ovale as well as subdural strip and grid electrodes. The use of SEEG requires rigorous criteria, and the anatomy and vessels of the individual brain must be known in terms of a stereotactic reference system. Multi-contact flexible hollow-core electrodes are stereotactically implanted into strategically important targets, according to the evaluation strategy for a given patient. For presurgical assessment of potential candidates for selective amygdalo-hippocampectomy we have developed a less invasive extracerebral recording technique. It consists of bilateral insertion of solid four-contact electrodes via the foramen ovale, with positioning of the tips of the electrodes at the end of the ambient cistern. This technique permits stable and excellent recording from the mediobasal limbic structures of both temporal lobes. Personal experience with long-term extra-operative intracranial recording and stimulation now includes 131 patients evaluated with SEEG and 109 patients evaluated with foramen ovale electrodes.
Kawarada, Yoshifumi; Das, Bidhan C; Tabata, Masami; Isaji, Shuji
The benefit of total resection of the dilated bile duct has remained unclear. We describe here our surgical management of 13 patients with type IV choledochal cysts. All six younger patients (25-35 years old) underwent resection of the extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) and hepaticojejunostomy (HJ), whereas three of the seven older patients (50-68 years old) underwent resection of the EHBD resection and HJ, with the remaining four older patients undergoing total resection of the dilated bile duct and removal of a pancreatobiliary maljunction (PBMJ) in the form of a S4a+S5 hepatectomy (so-called Taj Mahal) and/or pancreas head resection with second portion pancreaticoduodenectomy. No malignancies were detected in the dilated bile duct after resection in the younger patients, but cancer of the gallbladder and/or the dilated bile duct was found in two (27.5%) of the older patients. No cancers were detected during the long-term follow up (1974-2008) in those patients who underwent EHBD resection plus partial hepatectomy, but cancer developed in the remnant duct in one of the older patients who underwent EHBD resection alone. Based on our findings, we recommend that type IV choledochal cysts should be treated by total excision of the dilated bile duct, including the PBMJ, due to its frequent association with malignancy, and to prevent the development of cancer in the remnant duct and improve the long-term survival rate.
Uzuner, F. Deniz; Darendeliler, Nilufer
Surgery on the dentoalveolar process combined with orthodontic treatment was emphasized as an alternative method for reducing the treatment time and improving the orthodontic treatment on post-adolescent and adult patients. This combined treatment facilitates and accelerates orthodontic tooth movement. This article reviews the clinical practice in surgery-assisted orthodontic treatment in relation to historical perspective, indications and biological principles, as well as limitations and risks of dento-osseous surgical techniques, including dento-osseous osteotomy and/or ostectomy, dento-osseous microfracture, dento-osseous corticotomy, and/or corticoectomy, and dental distraction. PMID:24883038
Thomas, M; Grant, N; Marshall, J; Stevens, J
A comparison between 86 patients with low back pain who underwent surgery and 32 who did not showed that laminectomy is an effective treatment for many patients in whom conservative treatment has failed. Surgery should be undertaken sooner rather than later (preferably within a year), both because a good outcome is less likely with longer duration of symptoms and because long periods of disability and time off work can in this way be avoided.
Management of premature ejaculation (PE) has evolved tremandoulsy over the last 20 years. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants and local anesthetics are the most and best studied treatments. This evidence has led to the establishment of an evidence-based definition of PE and the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of PE. The current treatment of choice for PE according to the ISSM guidelines is a centrally acting SSRI or peripherally acting topical anesthetics. Despite the progress in threating PE, the drawbacks of these medical treatments are controversial. Before the ISSM guidelines were established, selective dorsal neurectomy (SDN) and glans penis augmentation (GPA) using a hyaluronic acid (HA) gel were developed to decrease sensitivity of the glans penis but later ISSM guidelines do not recommend surgical treatment because of possible permanent loss of sexual function and insufficient reliable data. Despite the drawbacks of medical treatments and debates about the ISSM guideline, surgical treatment for PE has increased continuously in Asian countries for non-responders to medical treatment. In contrast to the concerns outlined in the ISSM guidelines, SDN has been reported as effective and safe with rare sensory loss. Percutaneous computed tomography-guided cryoablation of the dorsal penile nerve and neuromodulation of the dorsal penile nerve by pulsed radiofrequency are reported as effective and safe for PE. It is time to re-evaluate rather than ignore surgical treatments for PE because doctors and patients need surgical alternatives for patients with PE who are not satisfied with medical treatment. SDN has a definite role in the efficacy but needs more safety data to be used as standard surgical treatment for PE. SDN must be performed carefully and more well-designed studies are needed. GPA with a HA gel does not induce serious sensory loss in patients with ED erectile
Moon, Du Geon
Management of premature ejaculation (PE) has evolved tremandoulsy over the last 20 years. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants and local anesthetics are the most and best studied treatments. This evidence has led to the establishment of an evidence-based definition of PE and the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of PE. The current treatment of choice for PE according to the ISSM guidelines is a centrally acting SSRI or peripherally acting topical anesthetics. Despite the progress in threating PE, the drawbacks of these medical treatments are controversial. Before the ISSM guidelines were established, selective dorsal neurectomy (SDN) and glans penis augmentation (GPA) using a hyaluronic acid (HA) gel were developed to decrease sensitivity of the glans penis but later ISSM guidelines do not recommend surgical treatment because of possible permanent loss of sexual function and insufficient reliable data. Despite the drawbacks of medical treatments and debates about the ISSM guideline, surgical treatment for PE has increased continuously in Asian countries for non-responders to medical treatment. In contrast to the concerns outlined in the ISSM guidelines, SDN has been reported as effective and safe with rare sensory loss. Percutaneous computed tomography-guided cryoablation of the dorsal penile nerve and neuromodulation of the dorsal penile nerve by pulsed radiofrequency are reported as effective and safe for PE. It is time to re-evaluate rather than ignore surgical treatments for PE because doctors and patients need surgical alternatives for patients with PE who are not satisfied with medical treatment. SDN has a definite role in the efficacy but needs more safety data to be used as standard surgical treatment for PE. SDN must be performed carefully and more well-designed studies are needed. GPA with a HA gel does not induce serious sensory loss in patients with ED erectile
de Ruijter, S H W; van Dalen, Th; Muller, A F
A man aged 80 and three women aged 66, 26, and 39 years respectively, underwent surgery for Graves' disease. The first woman had pneumonia and experienced thyrotoxic storm. Euthyroidism was restored with antithyroid drugs (ATD) and thyroidectomy was performed as ablative treatment for hyperthyroidism. The man presented with thyrotoxicosis and had severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. After euthyroidism was restored with ATD, he underwent subtotal thyroidectomy. The second woman presented with severe thyrotoxicosis but was allergic to ATD. She was treated with iodine and beta-blockers after which subtotal thyroidectomy was done as an ablative procedure. Medical treatment for hyperthyroidism failed in the last patient and, as she had experienced severe psychological disturbances during a previous relapse, she too chose surgery as a definitive treatment option. In two patients the postoperative course was complicated by early hypocalcaemia and one of these patients experienced temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis. Surgery has a limited role in the treatment of Graves' disease. In pregnant women with severe ATD-resistant thyrotoxicosis, surgery is the only treatment option, while in patients with Graves' orbitopathy surgery may be preferable because of its neutral and perhaps even beneficial effects on eye symptoms. Large goitre size and thyroid nodules are concomitant reasons for choosing surgery, as are allergy to ATD and patients' preference. Lastly, in patients who have suffered from severe thyrotoxicosis, surgery provides rapid and definitive treatment. Early morbidity following surgery is common and should be discussed with the patient.
Vekris, Marios D; Lykissas, Marios G; Soucacos, Panayiotis N; Korompilias, Anastasios V; Beris, Alexandros E
Congenital syndactyly is one of the most common congenital hand differences and various methods of surgical treatment have been described since the 19th century. Nevertheless, unsatisfactory results including web creep, flexion contractures, and rotational deformities of the fingers are still reported. This study presents the outcome of syndactyly release in 131 webs in 78 patients. The sex ratio was 40 males/38 females. The age ranged from 4 months to 22 years (average: 4 y). In the majority of the webs the result was good or excellent. The type of flaps used for the reconstruction of the web was important as the combination of a dorsal rectangular and 2 volar triangular flaps gave superior results than the use of 2 triangular flaps. The less rewarding overall outcome was obtained in the presence of associated differences of the involved fingers, that is, complex complicated syndactyly and in the cases of delayed correction. Use of a dorsal rectangular flap in combination with 2 volar triangular flaps and use of full thickness skin grafts, ensure a satisfactory outcome and minimize the number of operations per web.
Hirakawa, Akihiro; Miyamoto, Kei; Masuda, Takahiro; Fukuta, Shoji; Hosoe, Hideo; Iinuma, Nobuki; Iwai, Chizuo; Nishimoto, Hirofumi; Shimizu, Katsuji
A prospective study on the clinical outcomes in patients with tuberculous spondylitis treated by a 2-stage operation (posterior and anterior) using posterior spinal instrumentation. To evaluate the clinical outcomes of the 2-stage surgical treatment (first stage: placement of posterior instrumentation and second stage: anterior debridement and bone grafting) for tuberculous spondylitis. There have been few reports describing the effects of 2-stage surgical treatment for tuberculous spondylitis. Ten patients (5 men and 5 women) with tuberculous spondylitis were treated by 2-stage operations. Age at the initial operation was 64.6+/-14.8 years (average+/-SD) (range: 47 to 83 y). The clinical outcomes were evaluated before and after the surgery in terms of hematologic examination, pain level, and neurologic status. Bone fusion and changes in sagittal alignment were examined radiographically. All patients showed suppression of infection, bony fusion, relief of pain, and recovery of neurologic function. No significant changes were observed in kyphosis angle at the final follow-up. There were no incidences of severe complications or recurrence. Our results showed that posterior and anterior 2-stage surgical treatment for tuberculous spondylitis is a viable surgical option for cases in which conservative treatment has failed. However, the changes in sagittal alignment showed that this strategy provides limited kyphosis correction.
Maggio, Federica; Bras, Dineli
Canine glaucoma is a common cause of vision loss associated with raised intraocular pressure, and leads to damage of the retina and optic nerve head. In most cases, medical treatment alone cannot provide long-term management of intraocular pressure control and preservation of vision. Surgical intervention is usually recommended to either decrease aqueous humor production, or increase its outflow. Among the current available procedures, filtering techniques are aimed at increasing aqueous humor outflow. Proper surgical timing and a combination of cyclodestructive and filtering procedures have been recently suggested to improve the long-term success of surgical treatment in dogs. Bleb fibrosis and surgical failure are still common occurrences in filtration surgery with relapse of glaucoma and vision loss. End stage procedures, such as enucleation, evisceration with intrascleral prosthesis, and chemical ablation of the ciliary bodies are then recommended to address chronic discomfort in buphthalmic and blind eyes.
Hwang, Te-Long; Alpert, Jack N.; Cooley, Denton A.; Hall, Robert J.
A 20-year-old white woman with Takayasu's arteritis had headaches, neck soreness, and a right carotid bruit. Corticosteroid treatment only temporarily relieved symptoms and caused Cushing's syndrome because of high dosage requirements. Progressive narrowing of the right common carotid artery occurred despite treatment. The diseased portion of the artery was successfully resected and replaced by a Dacron graft. Corticosteroid treatment was then tapered and discontinued, and the patient has remained well for 3 years. Carotid Doppler and real-time ultrasound studies performed more than 2 years after surgery showed a patent graft and no new disease process. This technique may be of value in selected cases for both prevention of cerebral ischemia and the elimination of local symptoms of the inflammatory process. Images PMID:15227106
Chen, Hong-Wei; Bi, Qing
Background This study compared the efficacy of combined lateral and medial approach, lateral approach, and anterior medial approach in treatment of terrible triad of the elbow (TTE). Material/Methods Thirty-eight TTE patients hospitalized in our center were retrospectively analyzed, among which 14 patients were arranged for combined lateral and medial approach, 12 for lateral approach, and 12 for anterior medial approach. All included patients underwent open reduction, collateral ligament repair, and postoperative function exercise. Follow-up was conducted for 13~22 months. The elbow motion, excellent and good rate, healing time, and complication rate were recorded and compared. Results These 3 approaches significantly improved the postoperative elbow motion, MEPS, VAS, excellent and good rate, and open reduction (all P<0.05). The VAS score for lateral approach was evidently higher than that for combined lateral and medial approach (P<0.05). Combined lateral and medial approach and anterior medial approach had better performance on elbow motion, MEPS, and excellent and good rate than lateral approach (both P<0.05). Lateral approach and anterior medial approach had a significantly reduced healing time compared with combined lateral and medial approach (both P<0.05), while anterior medial approach had a higher complication rate compared with anterior medial approach and lateral approach (both P<0.05). Conclusions Lateral combined medial surgery approach contributes to wide surgical exposure, facture stability, and decreased complication rate, and thus has superior efficacy than the other 2 surgical approaches. PMID:27841255
Uzunova, V; Murdzhev, K; Paskalev, G; Manolova, D; Poryazova, E
The goal of the current article is to point the role of the different methods of surgical behavior in cases of mammary gland formations which have been ultrasonographically and mammographically diagnosed as cysts. Thirty-four women, clinically, ultrasonographicaly and mammographicaly diagnosed with cysts, are taken under consideration. Fine needle biopsy is carried out in all of the cases and the cysts' contents are cytologically and microbiologically tested. In 16 of the cases, puncture followed by pneumatocele represents the definitive treatment. In the end of the puncture, a control mammography is performed. Eighteen of the patients undergo surgical treatment due to the density of the cysts' contents, presence of bloody discharge, presence of a bilocular cyst and relapse following the puncture. As a result of the surgical treatment of 18 patients and of the histology are found as follows: benign cysts (13), carcinoma (1), papilloma (1), sclerotic adenosis (1), ADH (1), epidermoid cyst (1).
Williams, Richard; Foote, Matthew; Deverall, Hamish
Primary spine tumors are rare, accounting for only 4% of all tumors of the spine. A minority of the more common primary benign lesions will require surgical treatment, and most amenable malignant lesions will proceed to attempted resection. The rarity of malignant primary lesions has resulted in a paucity of historical data regarding optimal surgical and adjuvant treatment and, although we now derive benefit from standardized guidelines of overall care, management of each neoplasm often proceeds on a case-by-case basis, taking into account the individual characteristics of patient operability, tumor resectability, and biological potential. This article aims to provide an overview of diagnostic techniques, staging algorithms and the authors' experience of surgical treatment alternatives that have been employed in the care of selected benign and malignant lesions. Although broadly a review of contemporary management, it is hoped that the case illustrations given will serve as additional “arrows in the quiver” of the treating surgeon. PMID:24353976
Maspero, Cinzia; Giannini, Lucia; Galbiati, Guido; Kairyte, Laima; Farronato, Giampietro
Crouzon syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with variable expressivity, characterized by skull and facial malformations. Such alterations vary from case to case. Management requires multidisciplinary approach. Two cases of two sisters affected by Crouzon syndrome are described. Treatment was performed by orthopedic and orthodontic devices without surgery. Good esthetics and functional results were obtained. Five-year follow-up records are presented.
Altomare, Donato F; Giuratrabocchetta, Simona
The management of haemorrhoids has evolved rapidly during the past few decades. Several new treatments have been proposed with the aim of reducing patients' postoperative pain, time to return to normal life, risk of early and late complications, and recurrence rate. Although conservative treatment based on dietary and lifestyle changes can help the majority of patients, and rubber band ligation and phlebotonic drugs can effectively treat grade I and II haemorrhoids, surgery is required for the most advanced stages. Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy is considered to be the gold-standard approach for grade IV haemorrhoids. An increasing number of minimally invasive treatment options, including mucopexy with or without mucosal resection and haemorrhoid artery ligation, have now been proposed for the management of grade III haemorrhoids. These approaches aim to correct the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the aetiology of haemorrhoids. An increased risk of recurrence is the price to pay for these minimally invasive and less painful treatments, but the sparing of the sensitive anoderm and a rapid return to normal life without pain are greatly appreciated by patients. An algorithm for the management of haemorrhoids using evidence-based medicine is also presented here.
Arribas, Leoncio; Chust, María L; Menéndez, Antonio; Arana, Estanislao; Vendrell, Juan B; Crispín, Vicente; Pesudo, Carmen; Mengual, José L; Mut, Alejandro; Arribas, Mar; Guinot, José L
To evaluate the results of local control and complications in the treatment of vestibular schwannoma treated with radiation. A retrospective study of 194 patients diagnosed with vestibular schwannoma, treated consecutively with radiation (either stereotactic radiosurgery or fractionated radiotherapy) from 1997 to 2012. We analyze the local control of tumors, as well as secondary complications to treatment with radiation. A total of 132 (68%) tumors 68% are grade I-II tumors of the Koos classification, 40 (19%) are grade III, and 22 (13%) are grade IV. The tumors associated with neurofibromatosis (NF2), are 3.6% (6 tumors in 4 patients). The tumor control for the overall serie is 97% at 5 years, with a median follow-up of 80.4 months. For large tumors the local control is 91% at 5 years. Free survival of chronic complications is 89% at 5 years. Additionally, 50 tumors were subjected to regular follow-up with MRI without treatment, and 28 (58%) did not experienced tumor growth. Radiation and follow up with MRI, are an alternative to surgery in the treatment of vestibular schwannoma, with a low level of complications inside of multidisciplinary approach. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Patología Cérvico-Facial. All rights reserved.
Although many eye conditions can be managed medically, several require surgical intervention. This article aims to review those conditions with surgical treatment options before going on to consider the various aspects of surgery itself, whether that be in the field or in a hospital setting. Often the surgery one would ideally like to perform is limited by geographic issues of transporting the animal to a surgical facility, and thus attempts have to be made to undertake the best operative procedures one can, given the field conditions available. Even more so, economic factors often limit the type of operations one would wish to carry out. Here, rather than reduce the surgical techniques discussed to the lowest common denominator, the author seeks to explore what is possible in the best situations, trusting that the reader can modify the operations described to fit the environment and animal they are faced with. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Osmólski, Antoni; Frenkiel, Zofia; Osmólski, Robert
of this study was examination of laryngeal nerve injury, hypoparathyroidism, bleeding and thyroid storm frequency after thyroidectomy. Retrospective analysis of 847 patients surgically treated from 1985 to 2004 due to thyroid cancer (77) or multinodular goiter (770). We analyzed influence of type of thyroidectomy, diagnosis and reoperation on complication rates. Statistical analysis was performed with Chi2 or Fisher exact test. Unilateral lobectomy was performed in 195 cases (23%)--total unilateral lobectomy in 51% of patients and partial or subtotal lobectomy in rest of them. Bilateral lobectomy was performed in 652 patients--in 20% of cases it was total thyroidectomy and partial or subtotal thyroidectomy in 524 of patients. There was no mortality in operative or postoperative period. Wound exploration due to bleeding was performed in 3 cases (0,4%) and thyroid storm was noticed in 1,6% of all patients. Unilateral permanent laryngeal nerve injury was in 2,1% of patients, in one patient it was permanent bilateral nerve injury and unilateral temporary nerve injury in 3,2%. We noticed statistically significant differences in permanent and temporary nerve injury between total and partial thyroidectomy groups (7,0% vs 1,3% and 8.6% vs 2,2%; p < 0,005) and after primary operation and reoperation groups (8,9% vs 1,7% and 6,7% vs 2,9; p < 0,005). Permanent and temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve injury rates after total thyroidectomy due to cancer or multinodular goiter were not significant (7,8% vs 5,9% and 9,1% vs 7,8%; p = 0,72). Temporary hypoparathyroidism was noticed in 34 cases (4%) and permanent in one case. Again temporary hypoparathyroidism was significantly higher after total thyroidectomy compared to partial (18,0% vs 2,1%; p < 0,005) and after reoperation (17,8% vs 3,2%; p < 0,005). There were no differences in hypoparathyroidism rates after total thyroidectomy due to cancer or multinodular goiter (20,8% vs 13,7%; p = 0,35). Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury
Fistal', N M
Results of treatment of 160 adults which were treated in the department of thermal defeats and plastic surgery of IURS named by V. K. Gusak AMS of Ukraine in 2005-2007 were analysed. 110 men in age 34.82 +/- 1.22 entered a basic group. All patients of this group were operated in early terms 1-2 days after a trauma. The group of comparison is made from 50 men in the same age with identical on an area and depth defeats. The patients of this group had prolongation of the specialized treatment, therefore primary surgical treatment began later. At the analysis of treatment results we found out that early surgical treatment of the burned adult brought to the decline burn disease, reduce the terms of treatment and amount of operative interferences, prevents formation of rough scars and deformations.
Halttunen, P; Meurala, H; Standertskjöld-Nordenstam, C-G
Four cases of benign endobronchial tumour are reported which were successfully treated by bronchial resection. In two cases (of fibroma and leiomyoma respectively) a cylinder of bronchus alone was resected; in one case (lipoma) a healthy right upper lobe was preserved by a bronchoplastic procedure and in the other (chondroma) the tumour was removed with the right lower lobe, which was irreversibly damaged. It is important to recognise that such tumours are unsuitable for treatment by endoscopic means alone. Images PMID:7157223
Ambe, P; Weber, S A; Esfahani, B J; Köhler, L
Chronic constipation is a symptom complex caused by a wide variety of diseases. Primary causes of constipation, including enterocele, rectocele, rectum prolapse and intussusception, involve changes of the bowel which either delay or prevent the passage of bowel content. This condition has been termed "obstructed defaecation syndrome" (ODS).This article is based on clinical experience and a review of selected literature. The complexity of chronic constipation warrants interdisciplinary work-up and treatment. The diagnostic work-up includes taking a focus on the history of patient's complaints. This can be objectified using a standardized scoring system, e. g. Longo score. Gynaecological examinations must be performed on all female patients. Intraluminal abnormalities are best excluded by colonoscopy and rectoscopy. An abnormal score in combination with negative findings on endoscopy and gynaecologic examinations warrant a radiological assessment with a defaecogramm in symptomatic patients. Treatment is usually medical, involving changes in life style, bowel habits and the use of laxatives. Biofeedback has been shown to be effective in some patients. Surgery is indicated for selected patient who do not improve after medical treatment. A range of surgical procedures have been shown to be effective in the treatment of chronic constipation. The minimal invasive double stapled trans anal rectum resection (STARR procedure) has been proven effective in treating rectocele and rectum prolapse in selected patients. The advantages of the STARR procedure include: short hospital stay, reduced postoperative pain and an early return to work. We consider this procedure as safe and effective when performed by a well trained surgeon in selected patients.
Morax, S; Pascal, D
Functional and cosmetic ophthalmic complications of Graves' disease are exophthalmos, eyelid retraction and oculomotor disturbances. This paper describes and takes over the surgical procedures used when these complications are associated. In severe exophthalmos, we used an orbital decompression of the orbital floor sometimes combined with the medial wall by an anterior approach. In eyelid retraction, we perform a recession of the levator muscle with scleral graft implantation. In incomitant strabismus, surgery is usually limited to recessions of the involved muscles, most of the surgery is directed to the inferior rectus and medial rectus, as these are the most commonly affected muscles. The indications depend on the status of the patient at the time of referral. For severe exophthalmos with true retraction of the upper eyelid, we begin at the first stage by treatment of the retraction and if it is not sufficient, we perform an orbital decompression at the second stage. For severe exophthalmos with oculomotor disturbances, we perform at the first stage the orbital decompression and at the second stage the strabismus surgery. For oculomotor disturbances with eyelid retraction, we perform the strabismus surgery at the first stage and the eyelid retraction at the second stage. When there is the association of exophthalmos, eyelid retraction and oculomotor disturbances, the indication and the choice of treatment are difficult and depend on numerous factors. If an orbital decompression is indicated, it will be done first, followed by the strabismus surgery and at a later stage, the eyelid retraction. If only the eyelid retraction is treated, it will be done after the strabismus surgery. The chronology of the treatment depends on the modification we observed on the other components of the ophthalmopathy when one stage treatment is performed on one component: for example orbital decompression can modify the oculomotor disturbance and oculomotor surgery can modify eyelid
Wilson, David; Steel, Timothy; Sutton, Ian
We describe a woman with intracranial hypotension provoked by a combination of calcified disc protrusion and chiropractic manipulation who required surgical intervention for definitive treatment. Intracranial hypotension is a rare but increasingly well recognized cause of orthostatic headache that arises due to spinal cerebrospinal fluid leakage from meningeal diverticula or dural perforations.
Bjørslev, Naja; Ebskov, Lars; Lind, Marianne; Mersø, Camilla
The purpose of this study was to determine the quality and re-operation rate of the surgical treatment of ankle fractures at a large university hospital. X-rays and patient records of 137 patients surgically treated for ankle fractures were analyzed for: 1) correct classification according to Lauge-Hansen, 2) if congruity of the ankle joint was achieved, 3) selection and placement of the hardware, and 4) the surgeon's level of education. Totally 32 of 137 did not receive an optimal treatment, 11 were re-operated. There was no clear correlation between incorrect operation and the surgeon's level of education.
Kotenko, O G; Gusev, A V; Korshak, A A; Popov, A O; Grinenko, A V; Fedorov, D A; Grigorian, M S; Petrishche, I I
The results of surgical treatment of 58 patients for chronic hepatic abscess were presented. In patients of the main group hepatic resection was performed and in a control one--sanation and drainage of the abscess cavity. Antibacterial therapy was conducted in patients of both groups before and after operative treatment. The peculiarities and common efficacy of antibacterial therapy depending on the operative treatment kind were noted.
Fowler, John R; Gaughan, John P; Boden, Barry P; Pavlov, Helene; Torg, Joseph S
Stress fractures of the tarsal navicular, first described in 1970, were initially thought to be rare injuries. Heightened awareness and increased participation in athletics has resulted in more frequent diagnosis and more aggressive treatment. The vascular supply of the tarsal navicular results in a relatively avascular zone in the central one-third, which experiences severe compressive forces during explosive manoeuvers such as jumping and sprinting. Repetitive activities can result in stress reactions or even fracture. Patients often initially complain of vague midfoot pain localized to the medial border of the foot. The pain is usually exacerbated by activity and relieved with rest. The diagnosis of tarsal navicular stress fracture is challenging because of the high false negative rate of plain radiographs. Additional diagnostic testing with bone scan, CT and MRI are often required for diagnosis. The proper treatment of tarsal navicular stress fractures has become a topic of debate as surgical intervention for these injuries has increased. In a recent meta-analysis, Torg et al. found that 96% of tarsal navicular stress fractures treated with non-weight-bearing (NWB) conservative treatment for 5 weeks went on to successful outcomes. However, only 44% of patients treated with weight-bearing (WB) conservative treatment had successful outcomes. Surgical treatment resulted in successful outcome in 82% of patients. Interestingly, the meta-analysis also found that fracture type did not correlate with outcomes, regardless of treatment. The meta-analysis also found no difference in time to return to activity between patients treated surgically and those who underwent NWB conservative treatment. The recent literature indicates that patients are undergoing surgery or are receiving WB conservative management as a first-line treatment option with the expectation that they will return to their activity more quickly. Although surgical treatment seems increasingly common, the
Larson, Thomas D
The members of the Minnesota legislature have debated methods by which access to dental care and treatment of dental disease can be improved at a cost lower than that of present delivery systems. This review sheds light on some significant aspects of what the dental profession has learned over the last century that has proven significantly beneficial to the overall health of the American populace. Recommendations are made in the use of cost-effective dental public health interventions that could be used to provide better access and improved dental health at lower cost.
Cantore, Giampaolo; Bistazzoni, Simona; Esposito, Vincenzo; Tola, Serena; Lenzi, Jacopo; Passacantilli, Emiliano; Innocenzi, Gualtiero
This study reports the anatomopathological classification of Tarlov cysts and the various treatment techniques described in the literature. The authors present their patient series (19 cases) with a long follow-up (range 9 months to 25 years) treated by cyst remodeling around the root using titanium clips. The technique is effective in both avoiding cerebrospinal fluid leakage and resolving bladder dysfunction when urinary symptoms are incomplete and discontinuous. The clipping technique for Tarlov cysts is easy, valid, safe, rapid, and effective. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Erko, I P; Moloshok, A A; Zotov, V N
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) have formed a certain nosologic group in 2000 yr. Precise diagnosis may be established basing only on the results of immunohistochemical investigation and the CD 117 revealing. The results of treatment of 32 patients, suffering GIST in 2007 - 2012 yrs were adduced. Clinical signs of GIST are nonspecific. Examination must include the upper endoscopy conduction, as well as abdominal ultrasonography and computeric tomography. Gastric GIST was diagnosed in 65.6% patients, the small intestinal--in 9.4%, colonic--in 9.4%, pancreatic-- in 3.1%. The operation volume depends on localization, dimensions and spread of the tumor.
Carl, Hannah M; Walia, Gurjot; Bello, Ricardo; Clarke-Pearson, Emily; Hassanein, Aladdin H; Cho, Brian; Pedreira, Rachel; Sacks, Justin M
Background Although conservative management of lymphedema remains the first-line approach, surgery is effective in select patients. The purpose of this study was to review the literature and develop a treatment algorithm based on the highest quality lymphedema research. Methods A systematic literature review was performed to examine the surgical treatments for lymphedema. Studies were categorized into five groups describing excision, liposuction, lymphovenous anastomosis (LVA), vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT), and combined/multiple approaches. Studies were scored for methodological quality using the methodological index for nonrandomized studies (MINORS) scoring system. Results A total of 69 articles met inclusion criteria and were assigned MINORS scores with a maximum score of 16 or 24 for noncomparative or comparative studies, respectively. The average MINORS scores using noncomparative criteria were 12.1 for excision, 13.2 for liposuction, 12.6 for LVA, 13.1 for VLNT, and 13.5 for combined/multiple approaches. Loss to follow-up was the most common cause of low scores. Thirty-nine studies scoring > 12/16 or > 19/24 were considered high quality. In studies measuring excess volume reduction, the mean reduction was 96.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 86.2-107%) for liposuction, 33.1% (95% CI: 14.4-51.9%) for LVA, and 26.4% (95% CI: - 7.98 to 60.8%) for VLNT. Included excision articles did not report excess volume reduction. Conclusion Although the overall quality of lymphedema literature is fair, the MINORS scoring system is an effective method to isolate high-quality studies. These studies were used to develop an evidence-based algorithm to guide clinical practice. Further studies with a particular focus on patient follow-up will improve the validity of lymphedema surgery research.
Youn, Joong Kee; Kim, Suh Min; Han, Ahram; Choi, Chanjoong; Min, Sang-Il; Ha, Jongwon; Kim, Sang Joon; Min, Seung-Kee
Purpose: Infected aneurysms of the abdominal aorta or iliac artery (IAAA) are rare but fatal and difficult to treat. The purpose of this study was to review the clinical presentations and outcomes of IAAA and to establish a treatment strategy for optimal treatment of IAAA. Materials and Methods: Electronic medical records of 13 patients treated for IAAA at Seoul National University Hospital between March 2004 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Mean age was 64.2 (median 70, range 20–79) years. Aneurysms were located in the infrarenal aorta (n=7), iliac arteries (n=5), and suprarenal aorta (n=1). Seven patients underwent excision and in situ interposition graft, 3 underwent extra-anatomical bypass, and 1 underwent endovascular repair. One patient with endovascular repair in an outside hospital refused resection, and only debridement was done, which revealed tuberculosis infection. One staphylococcal infection was caused by iliac stenting. Mycobacterium was the most common pathogen, followed by Klebsiella, Salmonella, and Staphylococcus. There were 3 in-hospital mortalities and the causes were sepsis in 2 and aneurysm rupture in 1. The 3 extra-anatomic bypasses were all patent after 5-year follow-up. Conclusion: IAAA develops from various causes and various organisms. IAAA cases with gross pus were treated with extra-anatomic bypass, which was durable. In situ reconstruction is favorable for long term-safety and efficacy, but extensive debridement is essential. PMID:26217643
Gorodnichenko, A I; Guseĭnov, T Sh; Uskov, O N
55 patients with intra-articular condyles fractures of humerus were operated in terms 1998 to 2013 year in the Clinic of Traumatology and Orthopedics of the Presidential Administration. All patients were operated by using of perosseous osteosynthesis method with external fixing device design A.I. Gorodnichenko. Indications for osteosynthesis were open and closed fractures of C1,2,3 types accordingly to AO Classification. Closed, atraumatic and reliable fixation of bone fragments intensifies patients faster, improves their life quality, decreases time of hospitalization and minimizes complications rate. Fractures consolidation was achieved in all cases. It was observed such complications as soft tissue inflammatory around shafts in 4 (7.3%) observations. Long-term results were studied in 51 (92.7%) patients including 9 (17.6%) patients with excellent results, 24 (47.1%) patients with good results and 18 (35.3%) patients with satisfactory results. It was not detected unsatisfactory results. The method permits early reconstructive treatment of patients and improves functional results in case of condyles fractures. This preserves active moving function of damaged elbow from the first day after operation and during all period of treatment.
Goncalves, Thais Marques Simek Vega; de Oliveira, Jonas Alves; Sanchez-Ayala, Alfonso; Rodrigues Garcia, Renata Cunha Matheus
The aim of this case report was to describe the surgical removal of an extensive mandibular torus and the conventional prosthetic treatment that was performed. During surgery, the torus was exposed by a intrasulcular lingual incision from molar to contralateral molar side and displacement of the mucoperiosteal flap. The bone volume was carefully removed in three separate blocks by sculpting a groove in the superior lesion area and chiseling. After a 30-day postoperative period, a prosthetic treatment was performed using a conventional distal extension removable partial denture. The patient's esthetic and functional expectations were achieved. The surgical procedure and prosthetic treatment performed in the treatment of the mandibular torus in this clinical case is a viable treatment that produces few complications and re-establishes normal masticatory function.
Iba Ba, J; Mwanyombet, L; Nkoghe, D; Assengone Zeh, Y; Chouteau, P-Y; Loembe, P-M
Spondylolisthesis is a spinal disease revealed by lombalgia and/or lombosciatalgia, which may persist under medical treatment and physiotherapy. Indications for surgery are impairing symptoms and emergency conditions. We report outcome in 21 patients (14 women, 7 men, aged from 30 to 60 years old) who underwent surgery for isthmic (n = 10) and degenerative (n = 11) spondylolisthesis. Radiographic staging was: I in seven patients, II in ten, and III in four. Many techniques were used: simple laminectomy (n = 4), Gill's operation (n = 4), Lapras' technique (n = 4), and Roy-Camille instrumentation (n = 9). Immediate and long-term postoperative follow-up of sixteen patients confirm good results: excellent outcome in eleven patients, good in four, and fair in one. Considering social and economic factors, we prefer Lapras' technique which provides very satisfactory results.
Vieru, Rozana D.; Lefter, Agafita; Herman, Sonia
In the marginal pr ogressive profound periodontities, we associated low level laser therapy (LLLT) to the classical surgical treatment with implant of biovitroceramics. From a total of 50 patients, 37 where irradiated with the laser. We used a diode laser, =830 nm, energy density up to 2 J cm2, in Nogier pulsed mode. The laser treatment is used in a complex of therapeutic procedures: odontal, local anti-inflammatory -- as well as in the cabinet and at home --, prosthetic, and for the morphologic and functional rebalancing. The immediate effects where: an evolution without bleeding and without post-surgical complications, as can appear at the patients who didn't benefit of laser irradiation (hematom, pain, functional alteration in the first post-surgical week). Operated tissue is recovering faster. The percentage of recurrences decreases and the success depends less on the biological potential and the immunity of each individual.
Kosins, Aaron M; Lambros, Val; Daniel, Rollin K
The plunging tip refers to a deformity in which the nasal tip plunges on smiling. To understand the plunging tip, we have updated our series of 25 cosmetic rhinoplasty patients who complained of a plunging tip with a focus on the anatomic changes of the nose on smiling. Twenty-five female cosmetic primary rhinoplasty patients who complained of a nasal tip that plunged on smiling were photographed in static and smiling sequences preoperatively and one year postoperatively. Different nasal angles and landmarks were measured to study changes of the nose. Pre- and postoperatively, there was no statistically significant difference in the changes in the nasal angles and landmarks on smiling. At one year postoperatively, 2 patients had nasal tips that continued to plunge on smiling; these patients had requested no increase in tip rotation preoperatively. Only 2 patients had columellar base muscles cut for reasons other than treating the plunging tip. This is the first prospective, evidence-based study on the plunging tip. Measurements of the nose before and after surgery demonstrate that the nasal tip moves less than 1 mm and 1 degree on smiling. Treatment of the plunging tip illusion was effective by increasing the tip angle in repose. No columellar base muscles were cut to treat the plunging tip, and the nose moved just as much after surgery as before. Cutting or manipulating muscles is not necessary for treatment. To treat the illusion, the surgeon must increase tip rotation. © 2015 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: email@example.com.
Christel, P; Rigal, S; Poux, D; Roger, B; Witvoët, J
Among the various lesions of the hindfoot in athletes, plantar fascia ruptures are not well documented and their surgical treatment is not often reported in the literature. The purpose of the current work was to more precisely define therapeutic indications and to evaluate the results of the surgical treatment based on the excision-release of the plantar fascia. Between 1986 and 1991, 19 patients (5 females, 14 males, average age 32 years) were operated on by one surgeon. All patients were either recreational or competitive athletes. The plantar fascia rupture occurred 18 times during sports activity. Surgical treatment was indicated when pain persisted despite a well conducted conservative treatment. In 17 cases, MRI allowed to plan the operative strategy by showing the fascia lesion. The patients were operated after an average of 8 months following the initial injury (6-16 months). One patient was lost for follow-up, 2 had a follow-up below 6 months, thus 16 patients were available for analysis. The clinical outcome was evaluated through persistence of pain, return to sports, and functional activity. With a 16-month average follow-up (6-51 months) it was observed that pain constantly disappeared and that 11 patients over 16 returned to the same level of sports activity after 6 months with a time-stable result. After failure of a well conducted conservative treatment, surgical treatment of plantar fascia rupture must be proposed. Surgical technique is based not only on fascia release but also on the excision of the pathological scar tissue in order to avoid the restoration of the continuity of the fascia with the calcaneus.
Gasperoni, M.; Neri, R.; Carboni, A.; Purpura, V.; Morselli, P.G.; Melandri, D.
Summary The extensive loss of skin in burned patients is a critical clinical condition, and the choice of an effective technique to cover and protect the damaged area has always been a challenge in the surgical field. Despite its wide clinical use, there is little data in the literature on using the Alexander technique to treat severe burns, while several studies have focused on alternative approaches. The present study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Alexander surgical technique on 117 patients with severe burns. The characteristics of the burned patients, factors related to etiology of burns as well as adverse prognostic factors and their incidence in discharged versus deceased patients were also taken into account. Finally, a comparison is made with an alternative surgical procedure described in the literature. Our results show a satisfactory level of survival for patients with severe burns surgically treated with the Alexander technique, accounting for 63% of all clinical cases reported here. This treatment is also less expensive and more rapid than the alternative approach we compared it with. The Alexander technique is a lifesaving method for the treatment of severe burns that provides a satisfactory chance of survival at lower cost than the alternative surgical procedure examined. PMID:28289363
Few differences in quality of life results are reported between different primary surgical treatments for breast cancer. Assumptions regarding the role of informed choice in psychosocial morbidity have not been substantiated, and fewer women than expected take an active role in decision making. Rigorous research is needed. (Author/EMK)
Pucher, Beata; Grzegorowski, Michał
Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital malformation of the larynx which causes stridor in newborns and infants. The stridor is inspiratory and it is first noted at birth but sometimes may not develop until 2 weeks of age. It increases in severity during crying, nursing, agitation, excitement and is made worse with head flexion or supination. Other symptoms such as supraclavicular, intraclavicular, intercostal and abdominal retractions may be associated. Boys are affected over twice as often as girls. Diagnosis of laryngomalacia is made by rigid or flexible laryngoscopy. Although this disorder is usually self-limited, in some cases the symptoms are so severe that operative intervention cannot be avoided. Between 2002 and 2005, 13 infants were operated for severe form of laryngomalacia in the Pediatric ENT Dept in Poznań. In all patients the rigid or flexible laryngoscopy was performed to confirm the diagnosis. Then aryepiglottoplasty or epiglottoplasty were performed in all cases. It involved excision of the redundant mucosa over the arytenoid cartilages, the offending parts of he aryepiglottic folds, and trimming the lateral edges of the epiglottis, using microlaryngeal scissors and forceps. In all children symptoms such as: laryngeal stridor, feeding difficulties and dyspnea improved or completely resolved. In one case post-operative ventilation for several hours was required. All patients except one demonstrated significant airway improvement in the immediate postoperative period. Direct laryngoscopy must be performed prior to the aryepiglottoplasty to decide what amount of tissue to resect. Endoscopic aryepiglottoplasty with use of microlaryngeal instruments is an effective and safe method of the treatment of severe form of laryngomalacia. It is better to perform this procedure in general anesthesia without intubation.
Zhang, Si; Lin, Sen; Hui, Xuhui; Li, Hao; You, Chao
Surgical treatment of cavernous malformations (CMs) involving medulla oblongata is more difficult than the CMs in other sites because of the surrounding vital structures. However, the distinctive features and treatment strategies have not been well illustrated. Therefore, we enrolled a total of 19 patients underwent surgical treatment of CMs involving medulla oblongata in our hospital from August 2008 to August 2014. The clinical features, surgical management and clinical outcome of these patients were retrospectively analyzed, while our institutional surgical indications, approaches and microsurgical techniques were discussed. In our study, gross total resection was achieved in 17 patients and subtotal resection in 2. Two patients underwent emergency surgeries due to severe and progressive neurological deficits. The postoperative new-onset or worsened neurological deficits occurred in 6 patients. After a mean follow-up of 45.8±22.2months, the neurological status was improved in 10 patients and remained stable in 7. The mean modified Rankin Scale (mRS) was 2.58±1.26 preoperatively, 3.11±0.99 postoperatively and 1.84±1.42 at the recent follow-up, respectively. During the follow-up period, no rehemorrhage and recurrence occurred, and the residual lesions remained stable. We recommended surgical resection of symptomatic CMs involving medulla oblongata via optimal approaches, feasible entry zones and meticulous microsurgical techniques in attempting to achieve safe resection and favorable outcome. The clinical features, surgical indications, timing and microsurgical techniques of this special entity should be distinctive from the brainstem cavernous malformations in other sites.
Aranda-Narváez, José Manuel; González-Sánchez, Antonio Jesús; Montiel-Casado, Custodia; Sánchez-Pérez, Belinda; Jiménez-Mazure, Carolina; Valle-Carbajo, Marta; Santoyo-Santoyo, Julio
Presacral tumors are rare, but can comprise a great variety of histological types. Congenital tumors are the most common. Once the diagnosis is established, surgical resection is essential because of the potential for malignancy or infection. Previous biopsy is not necessary or may be even harmful. To decide the best surgical approach (abdominal, sacral or combined) an individual and multidisciplinary analysis must be carried out. We report three cases of cystic presacral masses in which a posterior approach (Kraske procedure) enabled complete resection, the only way to decrease local recurrence. All patients had a satisfactory recovery. A brief overview of retrorectal tumors is presented, focusing on classification, clinical presentation, diagnosis and surgical management. PMID:22655127
Felício, João S; Martins, Carlliane Lins P; Liberman, Bernardo
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is an uncommon condition and its most important predisposing factor is diabetes mellitus. Although the treatment of choice is prompt surgical abscess evacuation, followed by antibiotic therapy, successful conservative treatment of SEA has been reported in some cases. We describe a SEA case in a 23-year old white woman with diabetes for 14 years, who was successfully treated only with antibiotics, and achieved full recovery at the fourth month of follow-up.
Franceschi, J P; Curvale, G; Acquaviva, P; Lafforgue, P; Mattei, J P; Roux, H
This study analyses the results of 30 surgical repairs of the rotator cuff. The basic problem was degenerative pathology in which medical treatment had been tried previously in all cases. The type of treatment was based upon preoperative evaluation and arthro-CT scan in particular. Results were invariably good, with regression of pain and recovery of activity. Muscle power was significantly correlated with the value of the tendon repaired, this being reflected overall by incomplete recovery.
Kheireddin, A S; Lubnin, A Yu; Kaftanov, A N; Akhvlediani, K N; Belousova, O B; Dmitriev, A V; Kuchina, O B
Hemorrhages from arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in pregnant females are rare, but they are known to lead to high maternal and infant mortality. There are no standards for AVM treatment in pregnant females. Many authors believe that AVM resection before delivery improves the prognosis for life and health of the mother and fetus. In this paper, we present a case of successful surgical treatment of a female patient with AVM hemorrhage at 20 weeks and address management issues of these patients.
Fleury, Anna Maria; Silva, Antonio Carlos da; de Castro Pochini, Alberto; Pochini, Alberto; Ejnisman, Benno; Lira, Claudio Andre Barbosa de; Andrade, Marilia Dos Santos
Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle appears to be increasing in athletes. However, the optimal treatment strategy has not yet been established. To compare the isokinetic shoulder performance after surgical treatment to that after non-surgical treatment for pectoralis major muscle rupture. We assessed 33 pectoralis major muscle ruptures (18 treated non-surgically and 15 treated surgically). Horizontal abduction and adduction as well as external and internal rotation at 60 and 120 degrees/s were tested in both upper limbs. Peak torque, total work, contralateral deficiency, and the peak torque agonist-to-antagonist ratio were measured. Contralateral muscular deficiency did not differ between the surgical and non-surgical treatment modalities. However, the surgical group presented twice the number of athletes with clinically acceptable contralateral deficiency (<20%) for internal rotators compared to the non-surgical group. The peak torque ratio between the external and internal rotator muscles revealed a similar deficit of the external rotation in both groups and on both sides (surgical, 61.60% and 57.80% and non-surgical, 62.06% and 54.06%, for the dominant and non-dominant sides, respectively). The peak torque ratio revealed that the horizontal adduction muscles on the injured side showed similar weakness in both groups (surgical, 86.27%; non-surgical, 98.61%). This study included the largest single series of athletes reported to date for this type of injury. A comparative analysis of muscular strength and balance showed no differences between the treatment modalities for pectoralis major muscle rupture. However, the number of significant clinical deficiencies was lower in the surgical group than in the non-surgical group, and both treatment modalities require greater attention to the rehabilitation process, especially for the recovery of muscle strength and balance.
Fleury, Anna Maria; da Silva, Antonio Carlos; de Castro Pochini, Alberto; Ejnisman, Benno; de Lira, Claudio Andre Barbosa; dos Santos Andrade, Marilia
INTRODUCTION: Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle appears to be increasing in athletes. However, the optimal treatment strategy has not yet been established. OBJECTIVES: To compare the isokinetic shoulder performance after surgical treatment to that after non-surgical treatment for pectoralis major muscle rupture. METHODS: We assessed 33 pectoralis major muscle ruptures (18 treated non-surgically and 15 treated surgically). Horizontal abduction and adduction as well as external and internal rotation at 60 and 120 degrees/s were tested in both upper limbs. Peak torque, total work, contralateral deficiency, and the peak torque agonist-to-antagonist ratio were measured. RESULTS: Contralateral muscular deficiency did not differ between the surgical and non-surgical treatment modalities. However, the surgical group presented twice the number of athletes with clinically acceptable contralateral deficiency (<20%) for internal rotators compared to the non-surgical group. The peak torque ratio between the external and internal rotator muscles revealed a similar deficit of the external rotation in both groups and on both sides (surgical, 61.60% and 57.80% and non-surgical, 62.06% and 54.06%, for the dominant and non-dominant sides, respectively). The peak torque ratio revealed that the horizontal adduction muscles on the injured side showed similar weakness in both groups (surgical, 86.27%; non-surgical, 98.61%). CONCLUSIONS: This study included the largest single series of athletes reported to date for this type of injury. A comparative analysis of muscular strength and balance showed no differences between the treatment modalities for pectoralis major muscle rupture. However, the number of significant clinical deficiencies was lower in the surgical group than in the non-surgical group, and both treatment modalities require greater attention to the rehabilitation process, especially for the recovery of muscle strength and balance. PMID:21484052
Melby, Spencer J.; Schuessler, Richard B.; Damiano, Ralph J.
The Cox maze procedure for the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation has been simplified from its original cut-and-sew technique. Various energy sources now exist which create linear lines of ablation that can be used to replace the original incisions, greatly facilitating the surgical approach. This review article describes the anatomy of the atria that must be considered in choosing a successful energy source. Furthermore the device characteristics, safety profile, mechanism of tissue injury, and ability to create transmural lesions of the various energy sources that have been used in the Cox maze procedure, along with the strengths and weaknesses of each device is discussed. PMID:23995989
Theivendran, Kanthan; Lever, Caroline J; Hart, William J
Ossification of the femoral attachment of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the knee with associated pain and restricted movements is rare and is characteristic of the Pellegrini-Stieda (PS) syndrome. Although in mild cases conservative treatment is often successful, patients with more significant bone formation and persistent symptoms require surgical excision. We describe a case of PS syndrome with a description of the surgical technique consisting of excision of the bony lesion and reconstruction of the MCL by using the adductor magnus tendon.
Cuestas, Giselle; Demarchi, Victoria; Martínez Corvalán, María Pía; Razetti, Juan; Boccio, Carlos
Ankyloglossia is a congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum resulting in varying degrees of difficulty of tongue mobility. It may be asymptomatic or it may present with breastfeeding difficulties, speech and dentition disorders, and social problems related to the functional limitation of the tongue. While it is a common and known pathology, controversies and diversity of opinions persist regarding the indication, timing and method of surgical correction. We describe our experience with 35 children presenting this condition; they underwent successful surgical treatment.
Neely, Robert C; Leacche, Marzia; Shah, Jinesh; Byrne, John G
Valve endocarditis is associated with high morbidity and mortality and requires a thorough evaluation including early surgical consultation to identify patients who may benefit from surgery. We review 5 recent articles that highlight the current debates related to best treatment strategies for valve endocarditis. Recent publications have focused on neurologic risk assessment, timing of surgery, and prognostic factors associated with native and prosthetic valve endocarditis. The initial patient assessment and management is best performed by a multidisciplinary team. Future investigations should focus on identifying surgical candidates early and the outcomes affected by replacement valve choice in both native and prosthetic valve endocarditis.
Mischianu, Dan; Florescu, Ioan; Madan, Victor; Iatagan, Cristian; Bratu, Ovidiu; Oporan, Anca; Giublea, C
Introduction: The necessity for complex and multidisciplinary approach of “border” surgical pathology has unanimously been agreed upon for such a long period of time, its advantages becoming even more obvious in rare, particular cases. Patients and methods: We report the case of a 39 year-old man diagnosed with lymphangiomatosis back in his childhood. He is admitted with a giant pseudotumoral scrotal mass presenting an important scrotal enlargement (40/35 cm). Physical examination, blood tests, ultrasound, IVP, abdominal and chest CT, psychiatric and plastic surgery evaluation established the diagnosis: peno-scrotal lymphedema with gigantic hydrocele and depressive disorder. Taking into account the important enlargement of the scrotum associated with the alteration of the local skin, we decided to form a mixed surgical team: urology - plastic and reconstructive surgery. We performed bilateral surgical therapy of hydrocele with partial excision and eversion of sac edges, excision of peno-scrotal skin and subcutaneous tissue surplus. At the end we made a reconstruction by using a partial-thickness graft from the normal skin of the left thigh. Results: Spinal anaesthesia was sufficient in order to perform a qualitative complex surgery. Intra and postoperative course was uneventful with minimal blood loss. Conclusion: Rare cases like this one clearly reveal the advantages of a multidisciplinary surgical team by combining usual surgical procedures from different specialities that could lead to spectacular results. PMID:20108494
Dumurgier, C; Falandry, L; Nour, M
The authors report their surgical experience of complicated stenosis of urethra in the Department of Urology of the Central Hospital of N'Djaména (Tchad) from 1984 to 1987 (July). The surgical treatment was indicated for the complicated cases of stenosis of the urethra, which were obstructed (less than a quarter of the patients who were admitted for urethra stenosis). Before 1984 the only surgical procedure was called "Chemin de fer: a blind pull-through method with a lot of complications. After 1984 the one stage urethroplasties were used in forty four cases: either with a free full thickness skin graft (DEVINE), or with a vascularized flap (BLANDY'S or ORANDI'S technique). The results are studied with a follow up of 18 months. The urethroplasties with a vascularized flap have had less failures (16%) than with a free full thickness skin graft (33%).
Rikli, D A; Babst, R; Jupiter, J B
New advances in the biomechanics and pathomechanics of distal radius fractures as well as new generations of plates and improved surgical approaches now make possible the stable management and early functional rehabilitation not only of simple but also of complicated distal radius fractures according to the principles for articular and juxta-articular fractures. Especially for complex articular fractures, the fracture patterns are so heterogeneous that an individual surgical treatment strategy must be developed for each case. The preoperative clarification of articular fractures with computed tomography is particularly useful for planning surgery. Mental exposition with the three-column model and pathomechanics is an important prerequisite for understanding this type of injury and the appropriate choice of operative technique. A decisive factor for success is the subtle surgical procedure in approaching and handling the fine plates.
Smiljanić, B; Hrastović, Z; Marinić, S
The authors discuss the problem of treatment of pretrochanteric fractures and emphasize that this type of fracture generally heals well and that it is characterized by fast callus formation. Conservative therapy in coxofemoral plaster often leads to serious complications and has a high mortality rate. Lasting extension according to Russel demands a long hospitalization period and significantly diminishes the number of surgical beds available. Surgical therapy has several advantages: it has far fewer complications and a mortality rate which is only about half as great as in conservative therapy. The authors evaluate their results obtained in 120 cases of pertrochanteric fractures treated surgically as satisfactory. In 106 cases osteosynthesis according to the AO technique and in the remaining 16 cases osteosynthesis using 3 to 4 Kirschner wires percutaneously were performed.
Goldstone, Andrew B; Joseph Woo, Y
Cardiac surgery is in the midst of a practice revolution. Traditionally, surgery for valvular heart disease consisted of valve replacement via conventional sternotomy using cardiopulmonary bypass. However, over the past 20 years, the increasing popularity of less-invasive procedures, accompanied by advancements in imaging, surgical instrumentation, and robotic technology, has motivated and enabled surgeons to develop and perform complex cardiac surgical procedures through small incisions, often eliminating the need for sternotomy or cardiopulmonary bypass. In addition to the benefits of improved cosmesis, minimally invasive mitral valve surgery was pioneered with the intent of reducing morbidity, postoperative pain, blood loss, hospital length of stay, and time to return to normal activity. This article reviews the current state-of-the-art of minimally invasive approaches to the surgical treatment of valvular heart disease.
Yontar, Necip Selcuk; Ogut, Tahir; Guven, Mehmet Fatih; Botanlioglu, Huseyin; Kaynak, Gokhan; Can, Ata
Idiopathic flexible pes planus (IFPP) is a common foot problem in adolescents and young adults. Hypothesis for the present study was that combination of procedures for IFPP can achieve results in adolescents and young adults that are as good as those seen in adult-acquired pes planovalgus (AAPP) treatment in adults. A total of 21 feet of 18 patients (10 boys, 8 girls) with mean age of 15.6 years underwent surgical reconstruction for flatfoot deformity. Symptomatic patients who had been unresponsive to conservative treatment were included in study group. Mean follow-up time was 39.2 months. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores were calculated for all patients, and based on final results, all families were asked whether or not they would elect to have the surgery again in same circumstances. All procedures were performed by the same surgeon: lateral column calcaneal lengthening osteotomy on 21 feet; percutaneous lengthening or gastrocnemius recession for Achilles tendon on 21 feet; medializing calcaneal osteotomy on 15 feet; flexor digitorum longus tendon transfer on 15 feet; medial cuneiform opening wedge osteotomy on 5 feet, spring ligament plication on 3 feet, and accessory navicular bone excision on 2 feet. Preoperative mean AOFAS score increased significantly from 56.76 to 95.29. All parents stated that they were satisfied with surgery results and would choose to have the same surgery performed again. Soft tissue and bony procedures used for reconstruction of AAPP can be used safely for IFPP in adolescents and young adults. Level IV, Therapeutic study. Copyright © 2016 Turkish Association of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Madry, Henning; Grün, Ulrich Wolfgang; Knutsen, Gunnar
Articular cartilage defects are most often caused by trauma and osteoarthritis and less commonly by metabolic disorders of the subchondral bone, such as osteonecrosis and osteochondritis dissecans. Such defects do not heal spontaneously in adults and can lead to secondary osteoarthritis. Medications are indicated for symptomatic relief. Slow-acting drugs in osteoarthritis (SADOA), such as glucosamine and chondroitin, are thought to prevent cartilage degeneration. Reconstructive surgical treatment strategies aim to form a repair tissue or to unload compartments of the joint with articular cartilage damage. In this article, we selectively review the pertinent literature, focusing on original publications of the past 5 years and older standard texts. Particular attention is paid to guidelines and clinical studies with a high level of evidence, along with review articles, clinical trials, and book chapters. There have been only a few randomized trials of medical versus surgical treatments. Pharmacological therapies are now available that are intended to treat the cartilage defect per se, rather than the associated symptoms, yet none of them has yet been shown to slow or reverse the progression of cartilage destruction. Surgical débridement of cartilage does not prevent the progression of osteoarthritis and is thus not recommended as the sole treatment. Marrow-stimulating procedures and osteochondral grafts are indicated for small focal articular cartilage defects, while autologous chondrocyte implantationis mainly indicated for larger cartilage defects. These surgical reconstructive techniques play a lesser role in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Osteotomy near the knee joint is indicated for axial realignment when unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee causes axis deviation. Surgical reconstructive techniques can improve joint function and thereby postpone the need for replacement of the articular surface with an artificial joint.
Jensen, Ute; Ruf, Sabine
The aim was to evaluate the short-term success rate of combined orthodontic-orthognathic surgical correction of anterior open bite. Fifteen patients (ages, 15-28 years) with open bite treated with a combined orthodontic-surgical approach were examined. Lateral cephalograms from before treatment, after treatment, and after an average of 18 months (range, 10-26 months) of retention were evaluated. Overbite was classified as normal (2-3.5 mm), borderline (0-1.5 mm), or relapse (<0 mm), and overjet as normal (2-3.5 mm) or relapse (≥4 and ≤1.5 mm). The average overbite was -3.2 mm before treatment, 1.8 mm after treatment, and 1.3 mm after retention. During active treatment, overbite and overjet were normalized in 53.3% and 66.7% of the subjects, respectively. After the retention period, 1 patient (6.7%) showed a negative overbite, whereas a borderline overbite was found in 53.3% of the subjects. Overjet relapsed in 40% of the subjects. Only 40% of the patients had a completely successful treatment with incisal contact and normal overjet and overbite. Orthodontic-surgical treatment of anterior open bite improves the overbite, but an excellent treatment outcome with normal overjet and overbite and proper incisal contact was achieved in only 40% of the subjects. Copyright © 2010 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Yokoyama, Yuhei; Chen, Fengshi; Aoyama, Akihiro; Sato, Toshihiko; Date, Hiroshi
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been widely used, but surgical resections of superior sulcus tumours remain challenging because of their anatomical location. For such cases, less-invasive procedures, such as the anterior transcervical-thoracic and transmanubrial approaches, have been widely performed because of their excellent visualization of the subclavian vessels. Recently, a combined operative technique with an anterior surgical approach and VATS for anterior superior sulcus tumours has been introduced. Herein, we report three cases of anterior superior sulcus tumours successfully resected by surgical approaches combined with a VATS-based lobectomy. In all cases, operability was confirmed by VATS, and upper lobectomies with hilar and mediastinal lymph node dissections were performed. Subsequently, dissections of the anterior inlet of the tumours were performed using the transmanubrial approach in two patients and the anterior trans-cervical-thoracic approach in one patient. Both approaches provided excellent access to the anterior inlet of the tumour and exposure of the subclavian vessels, resulting in radical resection of the tumour with concomitant resection of the surrounding anatomical structures, including the chest wall and vessels. In conclusion, VATS lobectomy combined with the anterior surgical approach might be an excellent procedure for the resection of anterior superior sulcus tumours.
Karsy, Michael; Guan, Jian; Ducis, Katrina
In the approximately 1% of children affected by epilepsy, pharmacoresistance and early age of seizure onset are strongly correlated with poor cognitive outcomes, depression, anxiety, developmental delay, and impaired activities of daily living. These children often require multiple surgical procedures, including invasive diagnostic procedures with intracranial electrodes to identify the seizure-onset zone. The recent development of minimally invasive surgical techniques, including stereotactic electroencephalography (SEEG) and MRI-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT), and new applications of neurostimulation, such as responsive neurostimulation (RNS), are quickly changing the landscape of the surgical management of pediatric epilepsy. In this review, the authors discuss these various technologies, their current applications, and limitations in the treatment of pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy, as well as areas for future research. The development of minimally invasive diagnostic and ablative surgical techniques together with new paradigms in neurostimulation hold vast potential to improve the efficacy and reduce the morbidity of the surgical management of children with drug-resistant epilepsy. PMID:27186523
Guarino, Carmine; Mazzarella, Gennaro; De Rosa, Nicolina; Cesaro, Cristiano; La Cerra, Giuseppe; Grella, Edoardo; Perrotta, Fabio; Curcio, Carlo; Guerra, Germano; Bianco, Andrea
Carcinoids are tumors that originate from diffuse neuroendocrine system cells (APUD cells) and represent 1-2% of all pulmonary tumors. Although surgical resection remains the mainstay of treatment, bronchoscopic radical resection of typical carcinoids in selected cases exhibiting endoluminal growth and small implant base has also been explored. Bronchoscopic removal of endobronchial lesions may also reduce the risk of post-obstructive infections and improve pulmonary function, allowing the patient to undergo surgery in better clinical and respiratory state. In this paper we have evaluated the impact on surgical planning and outcome of preoperative bronchoscopic resection in treatment of endobronchial typical carcinoids. Our observations further support the role of bronchoscopic treatment before surgery in endobronchial typical carcinoids.
Wang, Lei; Xia, Tian; Dong, Shuanghai; Zhao, Qinghua; Tian, Jiwei
This study investigates the clinical and radiographic characteristics of complex axis fractures with adjacent segment instability and describes the outcome of surgical treatment. Twenty-one patients (14 male, seven female; mean age=34 years) with complex axis fractures and adjacent segment instability who were treated between August 2003 and June 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Treatment selection was based on fracture type and stability of the upper cervical segments. All patients were immobilized with a hard collar for three months after surgery. The mean follow-up period was 12 months (range=6-36 months). No intraoperative surgery-related complications were observed and fusion was achieved in all patients. The outcome was excellent for 17 patients, good for two patients, fair for one patient, and poor for one patient. The upper cervical segments that can become unstable due to complex axis fractures include the atlantoaxial and C2-3 joints. Recommended surgical treatments produce good results.
Ching, Jessica A; Curtis, Heather L; Braue, Jonathan A; Kudchadkar, Ragini R; Mendoza, Tania I; Messina, Jane L; Cruse, C Wayne; Smith, David J; Harrington, Michael A
Although hedgehog inhibitor therapy (HHIT) is offered as isolated medical treatment for extensive basal cell carcinoma (BCC), there is little evidence on the use of HHIT before definitive surgical intervention. In order to better define the utilization of HHIT for extensive BCC, we evaluated the impact of neoadjuvant HHIT on the subsequent surgical resection and reconstruction. An IRB-approved, retrospective chart review was performed of patients who received HHIT as initial treatment for extensive BCC. Patients who discontinued HHIT and underwent surgical resection were included. Evaluation included BCC tumor response to HHIT, operative data, pathological data, radiation requirements, and evidence of tumor recurrence. Six patients were identified with tumors of the face/scalp (n = 4), trunk (n = 1) and upper extremity (n = 1). Hedgehog inhibitor therapy continued until tumors became unresponsive (n = 3, mean = 71 weeks) or side effects became intolerable (n = 3, mean = 31 weeks). In each case, a less extensive surgery was performed than estimated before HHIT. In 3 cases, significant bone resection was avoided. All resected specimens contained BCC. Four specimens exhibited clear margins. Postoperative radiation was performed in cases with positive margins (n = 2), and 1 patient experienced local recurrence. Length of follow-up was 5.7 to 11.8 months (mean = 8.23 months). Although HHIT was not curative for extensive BCC, HHIT can decrease the morbidity of surgical treatment and increase the likelihood of curative resection. For patients with extensive BCC, a combined neoadjuvant use of HHIT and surgical treatment should be considered.
Li, Yuanbo; Zhang, Yi; Xu, Qingsheng; Su, Lei; Zhi, Xiuyi; Wang, Ruotian; Qian, Kun; Hu, Mu; Liu, Lei
The diagnosis and surgical treatment of 36 huge mediastinal tumors were summarized in order to evaluate the effect and safety of the operation. Thirty-six huge mediastinal tumor patients treated in our department from June 2006 to June 2013 were retrospective analyzed, of whom clinical manifestations, diagnosis, surgical treatment and prognosis were carefully collected. Twenty-three cases were men and 13 were women. The average age was 39.2 years old. The pathology turned out to be benign in 23 cases and malignant in 13 cases. Complete resection was achieved in 34 cases while palliative resection in 2 cases with no perioperative death. Six cases had developed postoperative complications but all recovered after active treatment. Patients who had been diagnosed with benign tumors were all alive after follow-up periods of 6 months to 7 years. Nine malignat tumor patients developed recurrence or metastasis, including seven deaths. Surgery played a vital role in the diagnosis and treatment of huge mediastinal tumors. Preoperative diagnosis, accurate surgical approach and careful operation were the key to successful treatment. Benign huge mediastinal tumors had excellent prognosis with surgery.
Shin, S.H.; Choi, I.S.; Thomas, K.; David, C.A.
Summary Treatment of intracranial giant aneurysms presents is challenging. In the case of pediatric giant aneurysm, more challenges arise. We describe our experience with a 17-year-old pediatric patient who presented with severe headache. She was diagnosed as having a giant fusiform aneurysm at the right P1-P2-Pcom junction. The aneurysm was treated with superficial temporal artery-posterior cerebral artery bypass and subsequent coil embolization of the aneurysm with parent artery occlusion. The patient had an excellent outcome at one-year follow-up. Our case suggests a combined approach of surgical and endovascular management may yield a better outcome than surgery or endovascular management alone in the treatment of pediatric giant aneurysm. PMID:23693047
Fry, Donald E
Tuberculous infection has declined in the United States but remains a major infectious disease with morbidity and death for millions of people. Although the primary therapy is drugs, complications of the disease require surgical interventions. The published literature on tuberculosis was reviewed to provide a current understanding of the medical treatment of the disease and to define those areas where surgical intervention continues to be necessary. Multi-drug therapy for tuberculosis has become the standard and has reduced the complications of the disease necessitating surgical intervention. However, multi-drug resistance and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis continue to be major problems and require effective initial therapy with surveillance to define resistant infections. The roles of surgery in tuberculosis are in establishing the diagnosis in extra-pulmonary infection and in the management of complications of disseminated disease. Tuberculosis remains an occupational risk for surgeons and surgical personnel. Tuberculosis is still a global problem, mandating recognition and treatment. Surgeons should have an understanding of the diverse presentation and complications of the disease.
Akulin, S M; Ianenko, E K; Demin, A I; Nikitinskaia, L P
Renal function in patients with stag-horn nephrolithiasis was assessed after two surgical treatments--percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy (PCN L) and pyelonephrolithotomy. The function of the operated and contralateral kidneys was studied early and late after operation by parameters of blood biochemistry, Doppler investigation of renal parenchyma, dynamic nephroscintigraphy. Stabilization or improvement of blood biochemical indices was observed in 58 (70%) patients. A secretory renal function late after surgery (from 6 months to 2 years) evidenced for improvement or stabilization of renal function (according to radionuclide test) in 71 (85.5%) patients. Integral parameters of renal blood flow were physiological or improved versus preoperative ones. PCNL was made in patients with deficient secretion less than 70%, 35 (87.5%) patients were diagnosed to have stabilization or functional improvement. After open intervention functional improvement took place in 11 (25.6%) patients, stabilization of renal function occurred in 25 (58.1%) patients. Tubular secretion deterioration was seen much more frequently in patients after open intervention. PCNL is less invasive surgical intervention than pyelonephrolithotomy as this technique produces milder surgical trauma and does not result in intraoperative renal ischemia. PCNL is the most effective surgical modality in stag-horn concrements of the kidneys and significantly expands potential of low-invasive treatment of such patients.
Wang, Li-ya; Du, Hong-ming; Zhang, Gang; Tang, Wei; Liu, Lei; Jing, Wei; Long, Jie
The craniomaxillofacial defect and deformity always leads to serious dysfunction in mastication and facial contour damage, significantly reducing patients' quality of life. However, surgical reconstruction of a craniomaxillofacial hard tissue defect or deformity is extremely complex and often does not result in desired facial morphology. Improving the result for patients with craniomaxillofacial defect and deformity remains a challenge for surgeons. Using digital technology for surgical diagnosis and treatment may help solve this problem. Computer-assisted surgical technology and surgical navigation technology are included in the accurate digital diagnosis and treatment system we propose. These technologies will increase the accuracy of the design of the operation plan. In addition, the intraoperative real-time navigating location system controlling the robotic arm or advanced intelligent robot will provide accurate, individualized surgical treatment for patients. Here we propose the hypothesis that a digital surgical diagnosis and treatment technology may provide a new approach for precise surgical reconstruction of complicated craniomaxillofacial defect and deformity. Our hypothesis involves modern digital surgery, a three-dimensional navigation surgery system and modern digital imaging technology, and our key aim is to establish a technological platform for customized digital surgical design and surgical navigation for craniomaxillofacial defect and deformity. If the hypothesis is proven practical, this novel therapeutic approach could improve the result of surgical reconstruction for craniomaxillofacial defect and deformity for many patients. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
An analysis of the treatment of faecal incontinence in a surgical specialist practice with a particular interest in this disorder. From May 2003 to December 2005, a total of 61 patients, 49 women and 12 men with a median age of 72 and 67 years, respectively, were referred for diagnosis and treatment of faecal incontinence. The median Wexner incontinence score was 11 and median quality of life score, on a visual analogue scale ranging from 0 to 10, was 5. Treatment included surgical correction of recto-anal mucosal prolapse and grade 3 to 4 haemorrhoids, medical treatment and sphincter training. Patients were followed-up by a questionnaire after a median period of 23 months (range: 18-31). Six patients were immediately referred for hospital treatment. Ten patients in whom the result of conservative treatment was unsatisfactory were referred for treatment in specialized colorectal departments after 3-11 months. A total of 41 of the 45 patients returned the questionnaire. The median Wexner incontinence score fell from 11 to 5 (p < 0,01) and the median quality of life score dropped from 5 to 2 (p < 0,01). A total of 38 of the 51 patients who underwent conservative treatment were satisfied with the result and did not request referral to hospital for further treatment (75%; 95% confidence limit: 60-86). Patients suffering from a moderate degree of faecal incontinence which is not obviously of traumatic origin, including childbirth, may be treated conservatively with a satisfactory result in a surgical specialist practice with special interest in this disorder.
Tribak, M; Konaté, M; Ould Hbib, B; Konan, P; Mahfoudi, L; Hassani, A El; Daouda, A; Lachhab, F; Bendagha, N; Soufiani, A; Fila, J; Maghraoui, S; Bensouda, A; Marmade, L; Moughil, S
Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation (IMR) is a serious complication of coronary artery disease and is associated with a poor prognosis. The optimal surgical treatment of IMR involves controversies in its indications and modalities. To determine whether mitral annuloplasty associated with surgical revascularization improved short and mid terms outcomes compared with revascularization alone in patients with IMR. Between January 2007 and January 2011, 81 patients operated on Department of Cardiovascular Surgery "B" were included in this study divided into 3 groups. Group 1: 28 patients with IMR had mitral valve surgery associated with surgical revascularization. Group 2: 26 patients with IMR had surgical revascularization without mitral valve surgery. Group 3: 27 patients without IMR had isolated revascularization. Clinical end-points were operative mortality, late mortality, postoperative functional status (NYHA), and the Effective Regurgitant Orifice (ERO) at last follow-up. The mean follow-up was 5 years for groups 1 and 2 and 4 years for group 3. There was no difference between the 3 groups regarding age, sex, cardiovascular risk factors, and extension of coronary artery disease. The Left Ventricle End Diastolic Diameter (LVEDD) and the Left Ventricle Ejection Fraction (LVEF) were slightly different. Late and operative mortality were higher in group 2 compared to groups 1 and 3. Postoperative functional status (NYHA) improved both in groups 1 and 2. In group 1, there was a decrease in ERO. Mitral annuloplasty combined to revascularization improves symptoms, postoperative ERO and short- and mid-term survival compared with revascularization alone. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Castagna, Alessandro; Fontani, Vania; Rinaldi, Salvatore; Mannu, Piero
Purpose To report preliminary results with the tissue optimization (TO) treatment with a radio electric asymmetric conveyer (REAC) in promoting the repair of surgical wounds. Patients and methods Two subjects, a 54-year-old male with a tear bruise on the upper third of the leg and a 19-year-old female with a stab wound to the hand, were treated with 12 REAC-TO treatment sessions. Results In both patients, the wounds showed shorter healing time compared with the time usually required for similar wounds, and good repair quality. Conclusion REAC device with its specific treatment protocols may be an alternative therapy for wound healing. PMID:21931498
Calota, DR; Nitescu, C; Florescu, IP; Lascar, I
Patients with extensive burns (TBSA over 45%) can benefit from treatment with split thickness skin allotransplants (skin bank or honorific donors). In this study, we present our protocols for the surgical treatment by using allografts. We emphasize the criteria for the staging of the procedures, the prioritisation of the areas that need to be grafted and the postoperative management. The treatment includes a serial excision grafting with simple grafts or the sandwich method, which implies the covering of the wound with a widely meshed autograft (6:1). This layer is covered by a 1,5:1 or 3:1 expanded mesh allograft. PMID:23346256
Tiefenboeck, Thomas M; Binder, Harald; Joestl, Julian; Tiefenboeck, Michael M; Boesmueller, Sandra; Krestan, Christian; Schurz, Mark
Approximately 15 % of all juvenile injuries of the long bones involve the epiphyseal growth plate, and 2.9 % of these are juvenile Tillaux fractures. The Tillaux fracture is of great importance because it involves a major weight-bearing articular surface. Treatment protocols in the literature are not uniform for this kind of fracture, and numerous case reports can be found describing various treatment methods. The aim of this study was to present the clinical outcome at long-term follow-up after treatment of displaced Tillaux fractures. In all, 168 children and adolescent patients with physeal injuries of the distal tibia were treated from 2003 to 2012. Seven patients were identified as having Tillaux fractures requiring surgical treatment and therefore were included in our study and evaluated retrospectively. Seven patients with Tillaux fractures underwent surgical reconstruction by open or closed reduction. Excellent results were achieved in 90 % of the patients, with a mean Foot and Ankle Score at the last follow-up of 98.71. Anatomical reduction is required for every displaced epiphyseal fracture via open reduction and internal fixation, especially in cases with ≥2 mm fragment displacement. Plaster cast immobilization and non-weight-bearing mobilization for at least 4 weeks might be a good way of ensuring optimal surgical results and preventing complications.
Abramov, Y; Elchalal, U; Abramov, D; Goldfarb, A; Schenker, J G
Surgical therapy of lichen sclerosus of the vulva consists of three main operations: vulvectomy (with or without a skin graft), cryosurgery, and laser ablation. It is indicated in two conditions, either when malignant transformation is present or is likely to occur, or when medical treatment has failed. The overall risk for malignant transformation of vulvar lichen sclerosus is low, ranging between 0 and 9 percent. However, specific histological criteria, such as mixed dystrophy, have recently been associated with higher malignancy rates. Vulvectomy is indicated only when these criteria are met. Both skinning and simple vulvectomies are associated with recurrence rates as high as 50 percent. However, better sexual function and cosmetic results have been reported in the former, especially with concomitant split skin grafting. Cryosurgery also has high recurrence rates, although short-term results are favorable. Although only small series have been reported, laser therapy seems to carry better long-term results than other modes of treatment. Convalescence is complete within 6 weeks posttreatment, and remission rates are as high as 85 percent at 3 years of follow-up. The high recurrence rate of all surgical modalities makes surgical treatment suitable only for patients who failed to respond to multiple medical treatments such as topical high potent steroid ointments, testosterone, and retinoids.
Poorman, Caroline E.; Yang, Sun; Boniello, Anthony J.; Jalai, Cyrus M.; Worley, Nancy; Lafage, Virginie
Background HGS is a severe deformity most commonly affecting L5-S1 vertebral segment. Treatment available for HGS includes a range of different surgical options: full or partial reduction of translation and/or abnormal alignment and in situ fusion with or without decompression. Various instrumented or non-instrumented constructs are available, and surgical approach varies from anterior/posterior to combined depending on surgeon preference and experience. The aim of this systematic review was to review the literature on lumbosacral high-grade spondylolisthesis (HGS), identify patients at risk for progression to higher-grade slip and evaluate various surgical strategies to report on complications and radiographic and clinical outcomes. Methods Systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane and Google Scholar for papers relevant to HGS was performed. 19 articles were included after title, abstract, and full-text review and grouped to analyze baseline radiographic parameters and the effect of surgical approach, instrumentation, reduction and decompression on patient radiographic and clinical outcomes. Results There is a lack of high-quality studies pertaining to surgical treatment for HGS, and a majority of included papers were Level III or IV based on the JBJS Levels of Evidence Criteria. Conclusions Surgical treatment for HGS can vary depending on patient age. There is strong evidence of an association between increased pelvic incidence (PI) and presence of HGS and moderately strong evidence that patients with unbalanced pelvis can benefit from correction of lumbopelvic parameters with partial reduction. Surgeons need to weigh the benefits of fixing the deformity with the risks of potential complications, assessing patient satisfaction as well as their understanding of the possible complications. However, further research is necessary to make more definitive conclusions on surgical treatment guidelines for HGS. Level of Evidence II PMID:26512344
Liu, Yun-Hen; Hung, Yen-Ni; Hsieh, Hung-Chang; Ko, Po-Jen
Vascular surgeons often encounter dialysis graft failure in hemodialysis patients during their daily practice. Despite advances in percutaneous treatment, there remains a role for surgical thrombectomy of thrombosed dialysis grafts. This study was designed to investigate the long-term outcome of dialysis graft thrombectomy and to examine the indications for and effectiveness of therapies adjuvant to Fogarty thrombectomy. Surgical outcomes of 590 consecutive dialysis graft thrombectomies performed between 2001 and 2003 were retrospectively reviewed. The 590 cases were classified into four groups based on the procedure performed adjuvant to Fogarty thrombectomy: group A, surgical thrombectomy by Fogarty thrombectomy catheter alone; group B, thrombectomy plus intraoperative angioplasty of graft outlet; group C, thrombectomy plus sequential balloon angioplasty in subsequent intervention; group D, thrombectomy plus graft outlet surgical revision. Age, gender, co-morbidity, and primary patency of grafts were reviewed and analyzed. The four groups exhibited similar demographic features and comorbidities (p>0.05). Mean primary patency in the four groups was 1.99+/-4.02, 7.21+/-7.61, 8.35+/-9.53, and 7.26+/-6.99 (months), respectively. Survival curves for each group were determined by Kaplan-Meier methods. Primary patency in group A was statistically inferior to all of the other three groups, whereas groups B, C, and D did not significantly differ with regard to graft patency. Surgical thrombectomy alone is inadequate for treating a thrombosed dialysis graft. The underlying graft outlet stricture requires direct surgical revision or balloon angioplasty during surgery or intervention in the angiography suite to ensure long-term patency of the graft.
Centeno, Ricardo Silva; Yacubian, Elza Marcia; Sakamoto, Americo Ceiki; Ferraz, Antonio Fernando Patriani; Junior, Henrique Carrete; Cavalheiro, Sergio
This review summarizes some patterns of pre-surgical evaluation and surgical treatment of extratemporal epilepsy in pediatric patients with medically refractory seizures, whose ictal behavior is variable. The most effective treatment for intractable partial epilepsy is a focal cortical resection with excision of the epileptogenic zone (the area of ictal onset and initial seizure propagation). This might be risky, though, in the case of a widespread lesion, sometimes encroaching one or more lobes, given the risk to the functional cerebral cortex. An anterior temporal lobectomy might prove more effective then in preventing seizures with fewer potential complications. If partial extratemporal epilepsy is associated with pharmaco-resistant seizures, the preoperative evaluation and operative strategy are determined according to the epileptogenic zone and to the relationship between a substrate-directed disorder and eloquent areas. The pediatric treatment of extratemporal epilepsy is aimed at controlling the seizures, avoiding morbidity, and improving the patient's quality of life through psychosocial integration. Since the immature brain is more plastic than when mature, the recovery of functions after surgery is greater in children than in adults. Early surgery is recommended for children with intractable epilepsy, and is now accepted as an important therapeutic modality also for children with chronic epilepsy. Technological advances in the last two decades, mainly in neuroimaging, have led many medical centers to consider surgical treatment of epilepsy, accuracy being granted by MRI-based neuronavigation systems-an interface between the lesion seen in the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the operative field, often invisible to the surgeon.
Goriunov, V G; Davidov, M I
Sexual function was studied in 818 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) before and after surgical treatment of this disease. Before surgery, sexual activity was absent in 276 examinees. After surgery 4.3% of them retained erection, 95.7% remained impotent. 542 patients before operations were sexually active. Surgical treatment of BPH (transurethral resection, transvesical adenomectomy) creates grounds for deterioration of sexual function and risk of erection loss. Thus, 77 operated patients had no erection, 176 had weak libido, 159--insufficient erection, 244 retrograde ejaculation, 188 painful orgasm. Transurethral resection led to a complete loss of copulative function in 5.3% of patients, transvesical adenomectomy--in 9.9%. Sexual readaptation after transurethral resection and transvesical adenomectomy has been improved due to a special complex developed by the authors. This complex consists of 14 therapeutic and prophylactic procedures.
Deng, Yin-shuan; Gao, Qiu-ming; Zhen, Ping; Tang, Kang-lai
Accessory navicular source flatfoot is one of the foot deformity of clinical common disease,its treatment method is more controversial, differences in clinical efficacy of different surgical methods, according to accessory navicular source flatfoot symptoms of surgical treatment,there is no uniform standard, around a pair of accessory navicular excision how to reconstruct the arch produced a series of operation methods, the clinical curative effect of different operative methods produce also different, how to develop the operation strategy, choose operation method, and after acessory navicular excision whether to rebuild posterior tibial tendon, how to rebuild, the problems such as how to rebuild is the research hotspot and difficulty, looking forward to further research.
Lukomskiĭ, G I; Shulutko, A M; Antropova, N V; Moiseev, A Iu; El-Said, A Kh
The results of surgical treatment of of 392 patients with postoperative ventral hernia are discussed. The algorithm of treatment of patients with large hernias was developed. Special preoperative management by dosed pneumocompression in an antioverload costume makes it possible to avoid menacing complications after the operation, which are caused by increased intraabdominal pressure. Test for tolerance to increase of intraabodominal pressure allowed prognostication of the character of the operative intervention: with or without decrease of the volume of the abdominal cavity (autoplasty or alloplasty, respectively). Prevention of wound complications consisted in control of infection, improvement of operative techniques, and use of modern surgical instruments. The prevention of recurrent hernias should be directed at correct choice of the method of plastics and removal of wound complications.
Guo, Jun-chao; Zhan, Han-xiang; Zhang, Tai-ping; Zhao, Yu-pei
To investigate the clinical features, diagnostic and therapeutic strategy of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma. The data of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma patients who underwent surgical operations from January 2002 to January 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Six cases of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma, identified with pathology were collected, including 3 males and 3 females with the average of 47.8 yeas old. Upper abdominal pain was present in 5 cases, weight loss was present in 4 cases with the average of 12.5 kg. Other symptoms included nausea/vomiting, back pain and obstructive jaundice. The serum CA19-9 and CA24-2 level were significantly elevated in 2 cases. CT scan, MRI and DSA were the main imaging methods to diagnose this disease. However, no case was diagnosed as pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma before operation. All cases were confirmed by the pathological examination. Relatively high rates of surgical resection, long operative time, more blood loss and combined multi-organ resection were the characteristics of this disease's operative surgical procedures. The average period of postoperative follow-up process was 60 months, and the mean survival time was (32 ± 8) months. The clinical features and biological behavior of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma are different from those of ductal adenocarcinoma, while the relatively specific clinical manifestations and imaging changes will be helpful for qualitative diagnosis before operation. As it has high rate of resection and better prognosis, more radical surgical strategies should be carried out for patients of this disease.
Hosseinian, Mohammad Ali; Loron, Ali Gharibi; Soleimanifard, Yalda
Background Surgical treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is necessary when non-surgical treatments fail. Complications of surgical procedures vary from short-term post-surgical pain to permanent disability. The outcome of TOS surgery is affected by the visibility during the operation. In this study, we have compared the complications arising during the supraclavicular and the transaxillary approaches to determine the appropriate approach for TOS surgery. Methods In this study, 448 patients with symptoms of TOS were assessed. The male-to-female ratio was approximately 1:4, and the mean age was 34.5 years. Overall, 102 operations were performed, including unilateral, bilateral, and reoperations, and the patients were retrospectively evaluated. Of the 102 patients, 63 underwent the supraclavicular approach, 32 underwent the transaxillary approach, and 7 underwent the transaxillary approach followed by the supraclavicular approach. Complications were evaluated over 24 months. Results The prevalence of pneumothorax, hemothorax, and vessel injuries in the transaxillary and the supraclavicular approaches was equal. We found more permanent and transient brachial plexus injuries in the case of the transaxillary approach than in the case of the supraclavicular approach, but the difference was not statistically significant. Persistent pain and symptoms were significantly more common in patients who underwent the transaxillary approach (p<0.05). Conclusion The supraclavicular approach seems to be the more effective technique of the two because it offers the surgeon better access to the brachial plexus and a direct view. This approach for a TOS operation offers a better surgical outcome and lower reoperation rates than the transaxillary method. Our results showed the supraclavicular approach to be the preferred method for TOS operations. PMID:28180101
D’Haese, Jan G; Tosolini, Chiara; Ceyhan, Güralp O; Kong, Bo; Esposito, Irene; Michalski, Christoph W; Kleeff, Jörg
Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) are rare and account for only 2%-4% of all pancreatic neoplasms. All PNENs are potential (neurendocrine tumors PNETs) or overt (neuroendocrine carcinomas PNECs) malignant, but a subset of PNETs is low-risk. Even in case of low-risk PNETs surgical resection is frequently required to treat hormone-related symptoms and to obtain an appropriate pathological diagnosis. Low-risk PNETs in the body and the tail are ideal for minimally-invasive approaches which should be tailored to the individual patient. Generally, surgeons must aim for parenchyma sparing in these cases. In high-risk and malignant PNENs, indications for tumor resection are much wider than for pancreatic adenocarcinoma, in many cases due to the relatively benign tumor biology. Thus, patients with locally advanced and metastatic PNETs may benefit from extensive resection. In experienced hands, even multi-organ resections are accomplished with acceptable perioperative morbidity and mortality rates and are associated with excellent long term survival. However, poorly differentiated neoplasms with high proliferation rates are associated with a dismal prognosis and may frequently only be treated with chemotherapy. The evidence on surgical treatment of PNENs stems from reviews of mostly single-center series and some analyses of nation-wide tumor registries. No randomized trial has been performed to compare surgical and non-surgical therapies in potentially resectable PNEN. Though such a trial would principally be desirable, ethical considerations and the heterogeneity of PNENs preclude realization of such a study. In the current review, we summarize recent advances in the surgical treatment of PNENs. PMID:25320524
Deans, Victoria M; Naqui, Zafar; Muir, Lindsay T S W
The management of scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal (STT) joint osteoarthritis (OA) remains controversial. This systematic review aims to review the evidence for surgical interventions specific to STT OA. Medline and Embase libraries were searched using a pre-defined search strategy in October 2014. All study designs and languages were included and evaluated by two reviewers (VMD and LM) against the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The study eligibility criteria included papers discussing surgical treatment of STT OA, and the review was conducted using the PRISMA guidelines. 295 unique results were identified from the search strategy after duplicates were filtered. 21 articles met the eligibility criteria. Trapezial excision and partial trapezoidal excision is an effective treatment with low morbidity and complications, although can lead to weakness of the thumb. Distal scaphoid excision remains an effective pain relief treatment with improved grip and pinch strengths post-operatively. The procedure is technically less demanding than arthrodesis, does not carry the risks of non-union and complication rate of STT joint arthrodesis, and has a shorter immobilisation requirement. It produces reliable results, but is contraindicated if there is either scapholunocapitate pathology or midcarpal instability. STT joint fusion has a place, typically producing 75% range of movement of the non-operated wrist. However it has a higher associated complication rate, and simultaneous radial styloidectomy is recommended to reduce ongoing pain from impingement. Implant arthroplasty using a graphite-coated pyrocarbon implant has been used more recently. The patients gained significant pain relief, although there have been reports of implant dislocation secondary to surgical errors. A reduction in post-operative wrist extension and radial deviation has been noted. From this systematic review, we have composed a treatment algorithm for the surgical management of STT joint OA.
Andolfi, Ciro; Wiesel, Ory; Fisichella, P Marco
The goal of this article is to illustrate the current minimal invasive approaches to patients with epiphrenic diverticulum in terms of preoperative evaluation, surgical technique, and outcomes. Two techniques will be presented: a laparoscopic and a video-assisted thoracic repair. Indications for each technique will be discussed as well as proper patient selection and management. Current controversies in the treatment of patients with this rare disease will be addressed.
Xie, Yuan; Wang, Anqiang; Zhang, Haohai; Yang, Xiaobo; Wan, Xueshuai; Lu, Xin; Sang, Xinting; Zhao, Haitao
Management of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the most lethal cancers worldwide, has presented a therapeutic challenge over past decades. Most patients with advanced HCC and a low possibility of surgical resection have limited treatment options and no alternative but to accept local or palliative treatment. In the new era of cancer therapy, increasing numbers of molecular targeted agents (MTAs) have been applied in the treatment of advanced HCC. However, mono-targeted therapy has shown disappointing outcomes in disease control, primarily because of tumor heterogeneity and complex cell signal transduction. Because incapacitation of a single target is insufficient for cancer suppression, combination treatment for targeted therapy has been proposed and experimentally tested in several clinical trials. In this article, we review research studies aimed to enhance the efficacy of targeted therapy for HCC through combination strategies. Combination treatments involving targeted therapy for advanced HCC are compared and discussed. PMID:27626176
Amroodi, Morteza Nakhaei; Mahmuudi, Ali; Salariyeh, Mostafa; Amiri, Arash
Background: When non-operative treatment of tennis elbow fails; a surgical procedure can be performed to improve the associated symptoms. Different surgical techniques for treatment of lateral epicondylitis are prescribed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of surgical treatment for tennis elbow based on small incision techniques. Methods: This technique was performed on 24 consecutive patients between June 2011 and July 2013. Outcomes were assessed using the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE), Nirschl’s staging system and visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and satisfaction criteria. Results: There were 15 female and 9 male patients in the study. The mean duration of symptoms before surgery was 3.7 years. The average duration of follow-up was 34.8 months. The post-operative outcome was good to excellent in most patients. The mean VAS score improved from 7.2 to 3.5 points. The total PRTEE improved from 68.7 to 15.8 points. Conclusion: This procedure provides a low complication rate which is associated with a high rate of patient satisfaction. Therefore, we suggest this option after failed conservative management of tennis elbow. PMID:27847851
Biglioli, F; Battista, V; Marelli, S; Valassina, D; Colombo, V; Bardazzi, A; Tarabbia, F; Colletti, G; Rabbiosi, D; Autelitano, L
Iatrogenic lingual nerve (LN) injuries are quite common in oral surgery both in maxillo-facial surgery and in oral surgery. LN runs superficially into the lateral mouth floor just beneath the mucous layer and this position enhances damage frequency. This article lists the different aetiologies of iatrogenic LN injuries and it almost focuses on lesions due to surgical treatment of ranulas. In the case report a LN lesion due to oral ranula excision is discussed; the patient experienced anaesthesia and hyperpatia in the corrisponded tongue side. It was treated with a microneurosugical anastomosis of LN, after amputation neuroma excision. The partial and definitive recovery of perception happened in six months and was deemed satisfying with 70% of functionality restored (results compared with the functionality of the contralateral side). An algorithm for diagnosis and therapy indication for iatrogenic injuries to nerves is also proposed. In case of surgical treatment, funcitonal recovery manifests after 4-6 month; a functional recovery of 70% of total nerve function is possible. The variable that most affects nerve functional recovery is surgical treatment timing; it must be performed as soon as possible.
Jiménez, I; Marcos-García, A; Muratore-Moreno, G; Medina, J
Lateral epicondylitis is a common injury in the population. Most patients improve with conservative treatment, but in a small percentage surgery is necessary. The aim of this study is to analyse the clinical results obtained by a «4 surgical tips» technique. This is a retrospective study of 35 operated elbows, with a mean follow-up of 5.3 years. In all cases epicondylar denervation, removal of the angiofibroblastic degeneration core, epicondylectomy, and release of posterior interosseous nerve, was performed. Each patient was evaluated using the Broberg and Morrey Rating System (BMRS), Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), DASH questionnaire, and a survey of subjective assessment. BMRS mean score was 97.2 points, with 95.71 points with the MEPS. The mean decrease in VAS was 8.12 points, and the mean score on the DASH was 1.68 points. The results were rated as excellent or very good by 94.3% of patients. There was one recurrence, which resolved with further surgery. Two neuropraxia of the posterior interosseous nerve occurred, which completely recovered in 10 weeks. Using the «4 surgical tips» technique, clinical resolution of symptoms in 97.1% was achieved at the first operation. Therefore, it appears to be an effective, reproducible technique with few complications, in the surgical treatment of lateral epicondylitis resistant to conservative treatment. Copyright © 2015 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
Types: A. Essential. B. Paradoxical. C. False. D. True. True incontinence.—A. Congenital: (a) Developmental abnormalities. (b) Malformations of nervous system. B. Acquired: (a) Local abnormalities. (b) False passages. (c) Disturbance of innervation. Anatomy of sphincteric mechanism in male and female. Diagnosis: Need for careful investigation including cysto-urethroscopy, cysto-urethrography, and cysto-manometry. Treatment: A. Physiotherapy. B. Direct surgical repair. C. Surgical diversion of urine. Types of true incontinence amenable to direct surgical repair: A. Epispadias. B. Aberrant ureteric ostia. C. Fistulæ. D. Congenital or acquired defective sphincteric mechanism. Operative treatment of vesico-vaginal fistulæ. Transvesical operation for cure of congenitally defective sphincteric mechanism—report of seven cases. Stress incontinence.—Value of urethrograms to ascertain nature of defect. Operative treatment. Incontinence following prostatic surgery.—Types of operation advocated. New operative procedure utilizing ribbon catgut with demonstrative moving picture. ImagesFig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3Fig. 4Fig. 5Fig. 6Fig. 7Fig. 8 PMID:19991939
Ramírez-Duque, N; García-Cabrera, E; Ivanova-Georgieva, R; Noureddine, M; Lomas, J M; Hidalgo-Tenorio, C; Plata, A; Gálvez-Acebal, J; Ruíz-Morales, J; de la Torre-Lima, J; Reguera, J M; Martínez-Marcos, F J; de Alarcón, A
We evaluate the clinical, echographic and prognostic characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in a large population of elderly patients, and the results of surgical approach. Multicentric, prospective, observational cohort study with 961 consecutive left-sided IE: 356 patients aged ≥65 years were compared with 605 younger. Indications for cardiac surgery, potential surgical risk, time and outcome, were compared. Hospital-acquired endocarditis, comorbidity, renal failure and septic shock were more frequent in elderly, but embolisms were less. Intracardiac destruction and ventricular failure were similar in both groups, but significantly fewer elderly patients underwent cardiac surgery (36% vs 51%; p < 0.01), and this group showed a worse outcome (43.2% of mortality vs 27% in younger; p < 0.01), resulting age as an independent predictor of mortality (OR: 1.02 CI95%: 1.01-1.03). Compared with medical treatment, surgery showed lower percentages of mortality compared with medical treatment (23.3% vs 31.3%; p = 0.03) in younger group, but a high mortality was observed with both procedures (47.6% vs 40.3%; p = 0.1) in the elderly. Although similar percentages of heart failure and intracardiac complications, increasing age is associated with higher mortality in IE. Lower rates of surgical treatment and a worse outcome after operation are common features in elderly patients. Copyright © 2011 The British Infection Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Person, Benjamin; Wexner, Steven D
Although surgery for fecal incontinence has been shown to be effective, it is still very challenging and sometimes frustrating. Overlapping sphincteroplasty, by far the most common procedure, is effective in patients with sphincter defects; however, recent data suggest that success rates tend to deteriorate over time. A thorough preoperative evaluation incorporates numerous factors, including patient characteristics, severity of incontinence, type and size of the sphincter defect as assessed by physical examination, anal ultrasound, and anorectal physiology studies including anal manometry, electromyography, and pudendal nerve terminal motor latency assessment. The use of these evaluation methods has allowed better patient assignment for a variety of new alternative treatment options. Innovations in the surgical treatment of fecal incontinence range from simple, office-based sphincter augmentation techniques to surgical implantation of mechanical devices. This article reviews 5 alternative surgical treatment options for fecal incontinence: injection of carbon-coated beads in the submucosa of the anal canal, radiofrequency energy delivery, stimulated graciloplasty, artificial bowel sphincter, and sacral nerve stimulation.
XU, SONGFENG; YU, XIUCHUN; XU, MING
The prognosis of patients with lung cancer metastasis to the spine is poor, and the choice of surgery is questionable based on the aggressiveness of the disease. The present study describes a case of a 56-year-old male with metastatic spinal cord compression. The patient underwent surgery for posterior decompression and internal fixation, in addition to receiving postoperative radiation and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor medication. After 24 months, positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan showed a reduction in the left upper lobe mass in the short axis and inactivation of the neoplasm in the left upper lobe and T9 vertebra. Based on these promising results, it is suggested that orthopedic oncologists consider the combination of radiation and EGFR inhibitor therapy with surgery for the treatment of lung cancer metastasis to the spine. PMID:25452785
Arliani, Gustavo Gonçalves; Astur, Diego da Costa; Cohen, Carina; Ejnisman, Benno; Andreoli, Carlos Vicente; De Castro Pochini, Alberto; Cohen, Moises
Anterior traumatic dislocation is a common problem faced by orthopedic surgeons. After the first episode of shoulder dislocation, a combination of lesions can lead to chronic instability. The management in treatment of young athletes after the first acute anterior shoulder dislocation is controversial. The available literature supports early surgical treatment for young male athletes engaged in highly demanding physical activities after the first episode of traumatic dislocation of the shoulder. This is because of the best functional results and lower recurrence rates obtained with this treatment in this population. However, further clinical trials of good quality comparing surgical versus nonsurgical treatment for well-defined lesions are needed, especially for categories of patients who have a lower risk of recurrence. PMID:24198566
Agnetis, Alessandro; Coppi, Alberto; Corsini, Matteo; Dellino, Gabriella; Meloni, Carlo; Pranzo, Marco
This research aims at supporting hospital management in making prompt Operating Room (OR) planning decisions, when either unpredicted events occur or alternative scenarios or configurations need to be rapidly evaluated. We design and test a planning tool enabling managers to efficiently analyse several alternatives to the current OR planning and scheduling. To this aim, we propose a decomposition approach. More specifically, we first focus on determining the Master Surgical Schedule (MSS) on a weekly basis, by assigning the different surgical disciplines to the available sessions. Next, we allocate surgeries to each session, focusing on elective patients only. Patients are selected from the waiting lists according to several parameters, including surgery duration, waiting time and priority class of the operations. We performed computational experiments to compare the performance of our decomposition approach with an (exact) integrated approach. The case study selected for our simulations is based on the characteristics of the operating theatre (OT) of a medium-size public Italian hospital. Scalability of the method is tested for different OT sizes. A pilot example is also proposed to highlight the usefulness of our approach for decision support. The proposed decomposition approach finds satisfactory solutions with significant savings in computation time.
Tackett, John J; Longo, Walter E; Lebastchi, Amir H; Nadzam, Geoffrey S; Yoo, Peter S
Attitudes, career goals, and educational experiences of general surgery residents are profiled during the acquisition of a community residency program by an academic residency program. The study population included all general surgery residents postgraduate years 2-5 in a tertiary academic medical center divided into community program matriculants (CPM) or academic program matriculants (APM). A survey compared perceptions before and after residency amalgamation in seven training categories as follows: relationships among residents, relationships with faculty, systems interactions, clinical training, surgical training, scholarship, and career plans. Responses were recorded on a Likert scale. Fisher exact test and one-sided t-test were applied. Thirty-five trainees (83%) participated, 23 APM (66%) and 12 CPM (34%). Neither cohort reported significant negative perceptions regarding surgical training, career planning, or scholarship (P > 0.05). There was a greater likelihood of significant negative perceptions regarding inter-resident relationships among CPM (P < 0.05). CPM perceived significantly improved opportunities for scholarship (P < 0.01) and nationwide networking through faculty (P < 0.05) after acquisition. There was a nearly significant trend toward CPM perceiving greater access to competitive specialties after acquisition. Overall, CPM perceptions were affected more often after acquisition; however, when affected, APM were less likely to be positively affected (odds ratio, 2.9). Acquisition of a community surgery residency by an academic program does not seem to negatively affect trainees' perceptions regarding training. The effect of such acquisition on CPMs' decision to pursue competitive fellowships remains ill defined, but CPM perceived improved research opportunities, faculty networking, and programmatic support to pursue a career in academic surgery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Bojanowski, Michel W; Weil, Alexander G; McLaughlin, Nancy; Chaalala, Chiraz; Magro, Elsa; Fournier, Jean-Yves
Blister aneurysms of the supraclinoid part of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are known for their high morbidity and mortality rates related to treatment, regardless of whether the treatment is surgical or endovascular. However, this grim prognosis is based on results that indiscriminately group all blister aneurysms together without taking into account the heterogeneous appearance of these lesions. The goal of this study was 2-fold: to determine whether different blister aneurysm morphologies present different pitfalls, which would then require different surgical strategies, as well as to determine whether there are identifiable subgroups of these types of aneurysms based on morphology. The authors reviewed the charts, cerebral catheter angiograms, surgical reports, and intraoperative videos of all ICA blister aneurysms treated surgically at the Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal from 2005 to 2012 to investigate whether there was a relationship between morphology and pitfalls, and whether different surgical strategies had been used according to these pitfalls. During this review process the authors noted 4 distinct morphological aspects. These 4 aspects led to a review of the English and French literature on blister aneurysms in which imaging was available, to determine whether other cases could also be classified into the same 4 subgroups based on these morphological aspects. The retrospective review of the authors' series of 10 patients allowed a division into 4 distinct subtypes: Type I (classic), Type II (berry-like), Type III (longitudinal), and Type IV (circumferential). These subtypes may at times be progressive stages in the arterial anomaly, and could represent a continuum. Each subtype described in this paper presented its own pitfalls and required specific surgical adaptations. Upon reviewing the literature the authors retained 35 studies involving a total of 61 cases of blister aneurysms, and all cases were able to be classified into 1
Ilizaliturri Sánchez, Víctor M; Mangino Pariente, Gerardo; Camacho Galindo, Javier
Total hip replacement is one of the most successful procedures in orthopaedic surgery. There are two different technologies for implant fixation in total hip replacement: cemented and cementless, both can be combined, which is called Hybrid arthroplasty. Long term implant stability results in long term function. The most important factor that limits longevity of well-fixed implants is the wear of the articular surfaces. Wear of the polyethylene from the acetabulum generates particles that access the implant bone or the implant-cement-bone interface. This produces an inflammatory reaction, osteolysis and implant loosening. Polyethylene of higher resistance to wear and prosthetic articulations without polyethylene (hard on hard bearings), have been introduced to improve wear particle generation. Minimally invasive surgical techniques minimize surgical trauma to sort tissue around the hip joint, facilitating a better and more rapid recovery.
Shaw, Eric James; Mitchell, Gregory Clyde; Tan, Ronny B.; Sangkum, Premsant
Peyronie disease is a common cause of penile deformity and sexual dysfunction. Although surgery is regarded as the definitive management for this condition, there are many medical and minimally invasive therapies available, with widely varying efficacy reported in the literature. The purpose of this review is to describe the current state-of-the-art for each of the most commonly used as well as several developing non-surgical treatments. Further, we hope to offer perspectives that will aid practitioners in deciding among these treatments that are either already in use or have the potential to be used as alternatives to surgery in the management of this frustrating disease. PMID:24459651
Shaw, Eric James; Mitchell, Gregory Clyde; Tan, Ronny B; Sangkum, Premsant; Hellstrom, Wayne John G
Peyronie disease is a common cause of penile deformity and sexual dysfunction. Although surgery is regarded as the definitive management for this condition, there are many medical and minimally invasive therapies available, with widely varying efficacy reported in the literature. The purpose of this review is to describe the current state-of-the-art for each of the most commonly used as well as several developing non-surgical treatments. Further, we hope to offer perspectives that will aid practitioners in deciding among these treatments that are either already in use or have the potential to be used as alternatives to surgery in the management of this frustrating disease.
Stefater, Margaret A; Kohli, Rohit; Inge, Thomas H
Due to the rapidly expanding prevalence of obesity, bariatric surgery is becoming an increasingly popular treatment option. Bariatric surgeries including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) produce long-term weight loss and metabolic improvement, reducing mortality. This review discusses the important benefits and risks of RYGB and VSG, highlighting hypothesized mechanisms for these effects. We present data suggesting that VSG, albeit a newer procedure, may be as effective as RYGB with fewer adverse effects including less surgical risk, reduced nutritional deficiency, and less incidence of dumping syndrome. This may position VSG as an increasingly important procedure, particularly for the treatment of pediatric obesity.
de Waal, Yvonne C M; Raghoebar, Gerry M; Meijer, Henny J A; Winkel, Edwin G; van Winkelhoff, Arie Jan
Objective of this study was to identify prognostic indicators for the outcome of resective peri-implantitis treatment, by an analysis of the pooled data of two previously conducted randomized controlled trials. Data of 74 patients with peri-implantitis (187 implants) who had received resective surgical treatment were available. Primary outcome variable was failure of peri-implantitis treatment after 12 months. Multilevel univariable and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the effect of various potentially prognostic indicators on the primary outcome. Peri-implantitis treatment was unsuccessful in 106 implants (57%) and 48 patients (67%) after 12 months. In the multiple regression analysis, the variables "order of inclusion" (P = 0.016) and mean bone loss at baseline (P = 0.030) were significant prognostic indicators for treatment failure. To eliminate the effect of "order of inclusion," post hoc analyses were carried out in a subgroup of patients. The univariable post hoc analysis showed a significant association for smoking (P = 0.015), maximum pocket depth at baseline (P = 0.073), mean bone loss at baseline (P = 0.003), and presence of plaque (P = 0.100). In the multiple regression post hoc analysis, only the variables smoking (P = 0.044) and mean bone loss (P = 0.043) remained statistically significant. The outcome of surgical peri-implantitis treatment is influenced by the experience of the surgical team with the surgical procedure. The observed learning effect has consequences for clinical practice and for conducting and interpreting clinical trials on peri-implantitis treatment. Other prognostic indicators are amount of peri-implant bone loss at baseline and smoking, and to a lesser extent, probing pocket depth at baseline and presence of plaque during follow-up. Early diagnosis of peri-implantitis and control of behavioral factors are crucial in achieving peri-implantitis treatment success. © 2015 John Wiley
Chou, Shih-Hsiang; Chen, Chung-Hwan; Chen, Jian-Chih; Chien, Song-Hsiung; Cheng, Yuh-Min
Melorheostosis is a rare disease that usually burdens the patient with painful disability or soft tissue compromise. The treatment is usually symptomatic and conservative. Patients with severe and complicated forms of the disease may require surgery. Involvement of the distal part of a limb usually carries more morbidity, such as tumefaction pain, cosmetic and psychosocial or functional problems that render conservative treatment unsatisfactory to patients. In our series, surgical debulking or decompression of the mass effect provided prompt symptom relief. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Henao-Martínez, Andrés F.; Castillo-Mancilla, José R.; Barron, Michelle A.; Nichol, Aran Cunningham
Treatment of Scedosporium apiospermum central nervous system (CNS) infection typically consists of an azole in combination with surgical debridement. This approach requires prolonged treatment and carries a high associated mortality. We present two cases of the successful treatment of S. apiospermum CNS infections with the combination of voriconazole and terbinafine. PMID:23738164
Roig, José Vicente; Salvador, Antonio; Frasson, Matteo; Cantos, Míriam; Villodre, Celia; Balciscueta, Zutoia; García-Calvo, Rafael; Aguiló, Javier; Hernandis, Juan; Rodríguez, Rodolfo; Landete, Francisco; García-Granero, Eduardo
To analyze short and medium-term results of different surgical techniques in the treatment of complicated acute diverticulitis (CAD). Multicentre retrospective study including patients operated on as surgical emergency or deferred-urgency with the diagnosis of CAD. A series of 385 patients: 218 men and 167 women, mean age 64.4±15.6 years, operated on in 10 hospitals were included. The median (25(th)-75(th) percentile) time from symptoms to surgery was 48 (24-72) h, being peritonitis the main surgical indication in a 66% of cases. Surgical approach was usually open (95.1%), and the commonest findings, a purulent peritonitis (34.8%) or pericolonic abscess (28.6%). Hartmann procedure (HP) was the most used technique in 278 (72.2%) patients, followed by resection and primary anastomosis (RPA) in 69 (17.9%). The overall postoperative morbidity and mortality was 53.2% and 13% respectively. Age, immunosupression, presence of general risk factors and faecal peritonitis were associated with increased mortality. Laparoscopic peritoneal lavage (LPL) was associated with an increased reoperation rate frequently involving a stoma, and anastomotic leaks presented in 13.7 patients after RPA, without differences in morbimortality when compared with HP. Median postoperative length of stay was 12 days, and was correlated with age, surgical risk, ASA score, hospital and postoperative complications. Surgery for CAD has important morbidity and mortality and is frequently associated with an end-stoma. Moreover LPL presented high reoperation rates. It seems better to resect and anastomose in most cases, even with an associated protective stoma. Copyright Â© 2016 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
van Dijk, Pim A D; Lubberts, Bart; Verheul, Claire; DiGiovanni, Christopher W; Kerkhoffs, Gino M M J
The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the available evidence on rehabilitation programmes after operatively treated patients with peroneal tendon tearsand ruptures. A systematic review was performed, and PubMed and EMBASE were searched for relevant studies. Information regarding the rehabilitation programme after surgical management of peroneal tendon tears and ruptures was extracted from all included studies. In total, 49 studies were included. No studies were found with the primary purpose to report on rehabilitation of surgically treated peroneal tendon tears or ruptures. The median duration of the total immobilization period after primary repair was 6.0 weeks (range 0-12), 7.0 weeks (range 3.0-13) after tenodesis, 6.3 weeks (range 3.0-13) after grafting, and 8.0 weeks (range 6.0-11) after end-to-end suturing. Forty one percent of the studies that reported on the start of range of motion exercises initiated range of motion within 4 weeks after surgery. No difference was found in duration of immobilization or start of range of motion between different types of surgical treatment options. Appropriate directed rehabilitation appears to be an important factor in the clinical success of surgically treated peroneal tendon tears and ruptures. There seems to be a trend towards shorter immobilization time and early range of motion, although there is no consensus in the literature on best practice recommendations for optimizing rehabilitation after surgical repair of peroneal tendon tears or ruptures. It is important to adjust the rehabilitation protocol to every specific patient for an optimal rehabilitation. Systematic Review, Level IV.
Vázquez-Roque, F J; Hernández-Oliver, M O; Medrano Plana, Y; Castillo Vitlloch, A; Fuentes Herrera, L; Rivero-Valerón, D
Radical or extended thymectomy is an effective treatment for myasthenia gravis in the adult population. There are few reports to demonstrate the effectiveness of this treatment in patients with juvenile myasthenia gravis. The main objective of this study was to show that extended transsternal thymectomy is a valid option for treating this disease in paediatric patients. Twenty-three patients with juvenile myasthenia gravis underwent this surgical treatment in the period between April 2003 and April 2014; mean age was 12.13 years and the sample was predominantly female. The main indication for surgery, in 22 patients, was the generalised form of the disease (Osserman stage II) together with no response to 6 months of medical treatment. The histological diagnosis was thymic hyperplasia in 22 patients and thymoma in one patient. There were no deaths and no major complications in the postoperative period. After a mean follow-up period of 58.87 months, 22 patients are taking no medication or need less medication to manage myasthenic symptoms. Extended (radical) transsternal thymectomy is a safe and effective surgical treatment for juvenile myasthenia gravis. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Michelassi, Fabrizio; Sultan, Samuel
The clinical presentations of Crohn disease of the small bowel vary from low to high complexity. Understanding the complexity of Crohn disease of the small bowel is important for the surgeon and the gastroenterologist caring for the patient and may be relevant for clinical research as a way to compare outcomes. Here, we present a categorization of complex small bowel Crohn disease and review its surgical treatment as a potential initial step toward the establishment of a definition of complex disease. The complexity of small bowel Crohn disease can be sorted into several categories: technical challenges, namely, fistulae, abscesses, bowel or ureteral obstruction, hemorrhage, cancer and thickened mesentery; extensive disease; the presence of short gut; a history of prolonged use of medications, particularly steroids, immunomodulators, and biological agents; and a high risk of recurrence. Although the principles of modern surgical treatment of Crohn disease have evolved to bowel conservation such as strictureplasty techniques and limited resection margins, such practices by themselves are often not sufficient for the management of complex small bowel Crohn disease. This manuscript reviews each category of complex small bowel Crohn disease, with special emphasis on appropriate surgical strategy.
Mura, Jorge; Cuevas, José Luis; Rojas-Zalazar, David; Riquelme, Francisco; Luna, Felipe; Sariego, Homero; Marengo, Juan José
Vestibular Schwannomas (VS) are benign intracranial tumors, for which their current management is a matter of debate, although microsurgical treatment remains the mode of choice in the majority of cases. To describe the surgical outcome of patients operated on for a VS in a Chilean Public Hospital. A series of 67 patients treated surgically between 2002 and 2012, in the Institute of Neurosurgery Asenjo is presented. Sixty-five cases (97%) corresponded to Koos III and IV tumors, of which 52% were large (3-4 cm) or Giant (>4 cm). Forty-one cases were operated on using a retrosigmoid transmeatalapproach (61%). Total resection was achieved in 97% of the cases and subtotal in the remaining 3%. A mean six months follow-up showed that good facial function (House-Brackmann I or II) was obtained in 32.7% of the patients, and moderate function (House-Brackmann III or IV) in 42.3%. Cardiopulmonary complications were the most frequent (28%), and mortality was 1.5%. The VS are tumors that can cause significant neurological deficit in advanced stages, despite their benign nature. Surgical treatment is very complex, and must be performed by specialized teams to ensure optimal functional results. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.
Pretell-Mazzini, Juan; Murphy, Robert F; Sawyer, Jeffrey R; Spence, David D; Warner, William C; Beaty, James H; Moisan, Alice; Kelly, Derek M
Although an accessory navicular (AN) is present in approximately 10% of the population, it rarely is symptomatic, and few cases necessitate operative intervention. When symptoms require surgical treatment, excision of the AN, with or without advancement of the posterior tibial tendon, usually is successful. We reviewed our records to evaluate the outcomes and complications of surgical treatment of AN. Retrospective chart review identified patients younger than 18 who were treated surgically for a painful AN between 1991 and 2012. Medical records and digital images were reviewed to determine demographic information, duration of symptoms before surgery, type of AN, presence of flatfoot deformity, type of surgery, length of follow-up, outcomes, and complications. Twenty-seven patients (32 feet) had either isolated excision (14 feet) or excision plus tendon advancement (18 feet). Overall, 28 (87.5%) of feet had excellent or good functional outcomes. There was no significant difference in outcomes between the 2 procedures, though there was a trend toward more complications and more reoperations after tendon advancement.
Faber, Carey; Garcia, Ryan M; Davis, Janine; Guyuron, Bahman
This study is meant to compare the direct and indirect cost of migraine headache care before and after migraine surgery and to evaluate any postoperative changes in patient participation in daily activities. Eighty-nine patients enrolled in a migraine surgery clinical trial completed the Migraine-Specific Quality-of-Life Questionnaire, the Migraine Disability Assessment questionnaire, and a financial cost report preoperatively and 5 years postoperatively. Mean follow-up was 63.0 months (range, 56.9 to 72.6 months). Migraine medication expenses were reduced by a median of $1997.26 annually. Median cost reduction for alternative treatment expenses was $450 annually. Patients had a median of three fewer annual primary care visits for the migraine headache treatment, resulting in a median cost reduction of $320 annually. Patients missed a median of 8.5 fewer days of work or childcare annually postoperatively, with a median regained income of $1525. The median total cost spent on migraine headache treatment was $5820 per year preoperatively, declining to $900 per year postoperatively. Total median cost reduction was $3949.70 per year postoperatively. The mean surgical cost was $8378. Significant improvements were demonstrated in all aspects of the Migraine-Specific Quality-of-Life Questionnaire and the Migraine Disability Assessment questionnaire. Surgical deactivation of migraine trigger sites has proven to be effective for the treatment of severe migraine headache. This study illustrates that the surgical treatment is a cost-effective modality, reducing direct and indirect costs. Patients may also expect improvements in the performance of and increased participation in activities of daily living. Therapeutic, IV.
Platzer, Patrick; Thalhammer, Gerhild; Oberleitner, Gerhard; Schuster, Rupert; Vécsei, Vilmos; Gaebler, Christian
A dens fracture is the most common cervical fracture in elderly patients. The purposes of this study were to analyze the functional and radiographic results after surgical treatment of dens fractures in patients over sixty-five years of age and to compare the two methods that were used for operative treatment. We reviewed the cases of fifty-six patients, with an average age of 71.4 years at the time of surgery, who had undergone surgical treatment of a dens fracture from 1988 to 2002. Thirty-seven fractures were stabilized with anterior screw fixation, and nineteen fractures had posterior cervical arthrodesis. Forty-five patients returned to their preinjury activity level and were satisfied with their treatment. Thirty-five patients had a full range of neck movement, and forty-seven patients were free of pain. Technical failures occurred in eight patients. The thirty-seven patients treated with anterior screw fixation had a good clinical outcome, with fracture-healing in thirty-three patients (89%) and technical failure in five patients (14%). All nineteen patients treated with posterior cervical arthrodesis had fracture union, with technical failure in three patients, but the functional results were worse than those after anterior screw fixation. With the inclusion of the six patients who had been excluded from the clinical and radiographic review, the overall morbidity rate was 16% (ten of sixty-two patients) and the overall mortality rate was 6% (four of sixty-two patients). A satisfactory outcome can be achieved with surgical treatment of a dens fracture in geriatric patients. It appears that anterior screw fixation may maintain better mobility of the cervical spine, but it appears to be associated with a higher rate of fracture nonunion and a greater potential for reoperation.
Gualdi, G; Monari, P; Apalla, Z; Lallas, A
Non melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) are the most common human neoplasms, encompassing basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), but also cutaneous lymphomas, adnexal tumors, merckel cell carcinoma and other rare tumors. The incidence of BCC and SCC varies significantly among different populations, and the overall incidence of both tumors has increased over the last decades. Although generally associated with a favorable prognosis, recent evidence suggests that the mortality rates of SCC might have been underestimated up-to-date.1 According to Medicare data, NMSC is the fifth most expensive cancer for health care systems. This increased economic burden is not associated with the cost of treating an individual patient, but with the large number of affected patients and the recurrence rates.2 Therefore, the adequate management of the primary tumor with a complete excision becomes a priority not only for the patient but also for the public health systems. Multiple treatment modalities are currently usedin clinicalpractice for the treatment of NMSC. While surgical excision (SE) remains the gold standard of care, non-surgical techniques have gained appreciation due to lower morbidity and better cosmetic results. The optimal management of treatment includes a complete tumor clearance, preservation of the normal tissue function, and the best possible cosmetic outcome.3 Surgery with a predefined excision margin is the treatment of choice for most NMSCs, with Mohs micrographic surgery being recommended for tumors considered to be at a higher recurrence risk or those developing on cosmetically sensitive areas.4, 5 Therefore, the surgical approach of a NMSC consists with three different and equally important steps. First the preoperative clinical assessment of the tumor margins, which can be facilitated by the use of dermoscopy. Second, the definition of the surgical margins depending on the tumor subtype and its biological behavior. Finally, the surgical
Likavec, A M; Dickerman, R D; Heiss, J D; Liow, K
Gelastic seizures are known to be refractory to medical treatment and to date surgical therapy has yet to pinpoint the best treatment for these refractory seizures. There has been a multitude of case reports published on gelastic seizures and different surgical treatments, thus we performed a review of the literature on gelastic seizures and surgical treatments to elucidate the best surgical approaches for medically refractory gelastic seizures.
Guilliard, M J; Segboer, I; Shearer, D H
To describe the signalment and response to surgical treatment, and to propose aetiopathogenetic mechanisms for the development of paw pad corns in dogs. A combined retrospective and prospective study was conducted on 30 dogs that presented with paw pad corns. The age, breed and gender of the dogs, together with anatomical positions of the corns were recorded. Surgical treatments involved either excision (n=27) or distal digital ostectomy (n=3). The minimum follow-up period was one year. The age at presentation was from two to 15 years. All the breeds in this study were either greyhounds or sighthounds. Males were over-represented. Ninety percent of the corns were found in the digital pads of digits three and four, and 90% were found in the thoracic limbs. The evidence suggests a mechanical aetiology or foreign body penetration. Long-term response to surgical excision resulted in a recurrence rate of more than 50% (n=27). Distal digital ostectomy gave good results in selective cases (n=3). Corns can cause severe chronic lameness in greyhounds and related breeds. Long-term response to surgical treatments is disappointing but it is recommended as an initial treatment as it can be curative.
Szabó, Ferenc János; Alexander, de la Taille
Minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery replaces many open surgery procedures in urology due to its advantages concerning post-operative morbidity. However, the technical challenges and need of learning have limited the application of this method to the work of highly qualified surgeons. The introduction of da Vinci surgical system has offered important technical advantages compared to the laparoscopic surgical procedure. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy became a largely accepted procedure. It has paved the way for urologists to start other, more complex operations, decreasing this way the operative morbidity. The purpose of this article is to overview the history of robotic surgery, its current and future states in the treatment of the cancer. We present our robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and the results.
Orava, S; Osterback, L; Hurme, M
A series of surgically treated patellar tendon lesions among athletes is presented. The material was collected during 5 years from three sports injury clinics and from two hospitals. During this period the authors treated about 150 cases of jumper's knee, of which 34 cases were treated by operation. The athletes were mostly volley ball players, jumpers or runners. The operation revealed a necrotic focus of the patellar tendon in 21 cases, the retinaculum was thick and adherent in 16 patients and an exostosis of the patellar insertion was seen in two cases. The necrotic areas were excised, the thick and adherent retinaculum was divided and the exostoses were excised and drilled. Surgical treatment of chronic patellar tendon pains may give good results in selected cases.
Orava, S; Osterback, L; Hurme, M
A series of surgically treated patellar tendon lesions among athletes is presented. The material was collected during 5 years from three sports injury clinics and from two hospitals. During this period the authors treated about 150 cases of jumper's knee, of which 34 cases were treated by operation. The athletes were mostly volley ball players, jumpers or runners. The operation revealed a necrotic focus of the patellar tendon in 21 cases, the retinaculum was thick and adherent in 16 patients and an exostosis of the patellar insertion was seen in two cases. The necrotic areas were excised, the thick and adherent retinaculum was divided and the exostoses were excised and drilled. Surgical treatment of chronic patellar tendon pains may give good results in selected cases. PMID:3814988
Schwenter, F; Dominguez, S; Meier, R; Oulhaci-de Saussure, W; Platon, A; Gervaz, P; Morel, P
Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common clinical syndrome caused mainly by postoperative adhesions. In complement to clinical and biological evaluations, CT scan has emerged as a valuable imaging modality and may provide reliable information. The early recognition of signs suggesting bowel ischemia is essential for urgent operation. However appropriate management of SBO remains a common clinical challenge. Although a conservative approach can be successful in a substantial percentage of selected patients, regular and close re-assessement is mandatory. Any persistance or progression of the critical symptoms and signs should indeed lead to surgical exploration. Here we review the principles of adhesive SBO management and suggest a decision procedure for conservative versus surgical treatment.
Park, Sang Min; Lee, Jae Woo; Kim, Hoon Soo; Lee, In Sook
Background The vermilion plays an important role in both the aesthetic and functional aspects of facial anatomy. Due to its structural features, the complete excision of vascular anomalies on the vermilion is challenging, making it difficult to determine the appropriate treatment strategy. Thus, the authors analyzed the results of surgical treatment of vascular anomalies on the vermilion. Methods The medical records of 38 patients with vascular anomalies on the vermilion who underwent surgery from 1995 to 2013 were analyzed. Nine of the cases had an involuted hemangioma, and 29 cases had a vascular malformation; of the vascular malformations, 13, 11, one, and four cases involved were capillary malformations (CMs), venous malformations (VMs), lymphatic malformations (LMs), and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), respectively. We investigated the surgical methods used to treat these patients, the quantity of surgical procedures, complications and instances of recurrence, and self-assessed satisfaction scores. Results A total of 50 operations were carried out: 28 horizontal partial excisions, eight vertical partial excisions, and 14 operations using other surgical methods. All cases of AVM underwent complete excision. Six cases experienced minor complications and one case of recurrence was observed. The overall average satisfaction score was 4.1 out of 5, while the satisfaction scores associated with each lesion type were 4.2 for hemangiomas, 3.9 for CMs, 4.2 for VMs, 5.0 for LMs, and 4.0 for AVMs. Conclusions It is difficult to completely excise vascular anomalies that involve the vermilion. This study suggests that partial excision focused on correcting the overall contour of the lips is effective and leads to satisfactory results. PMID:26848441
Derton, Nicola; Gracco, Antonio; Procopio, Olindo
Anterior cross-bite is a difficult malocclusion to treat in adult patients, especially if compounded by skeletal discrepancy. The present study describes a dentoskeletal Class III case and aims to provide the clinician with rational guidelines for presurgical orthodontic preparation and postsurgical finishing. In this case, a 20-year-old male patient, R.M, was treated for severe dental and skeletal Class III malocclusion on both the transversal and anteroposterior planes via combined orthodontics and surgery. Initially, the treatment involved surgically-assisted expansion of the upper jaw (total 1 month), followed by a fixed-orthodontics phase to decompensate for the malocclusion in preparation for movement of the osseous bases with the aim of achieving maximum coordination of the dental arches. After 19 months of orthodontic preparation, the patient underwent combined orthognathic surgery (upper and lower jaws). In the subsequent 4 months, orthodontic stabilization and finishing were performed, and debonding was carried out 24 months after the start of active treatment. The combined orthodontic and surgical treatment adequately corrected the severe Class III over a period of 2 years, leading to a satisfactory occlusal, functional and aesthetic result. Thorough diagnosis and close communication between the orthodontist and maxillofacial surgeon, operating as an interdisciplinary team, ensures good outcomes, even in complex orthodontic and surgical cases. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
Yiu, Glenn; Marra, Kyle V; Wagley, Sushant; Krishnan, Sheela; Sandhu, Harpal; Kovacs, Kyle; Kuperwaser, Mark; Arroyo, Jorge G
To compare functional and anatomical outcomes after idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling combined with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation versus ERM peeling alone. A retrospective, non-randomised comparative case series study was conducted of 81 eyes from 79 patients who underwent ERM peeling at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center between 2001 and 2010. Eyes that underwent combined surgery for ERM and cataracts (group 1) were compared with those that had ERM peeling alone (group 2) with respect to best-corrected visual acuity at 6 months and 1 year after surgery, postoperative central macular thickness (CMT) as measured on optical coherence tomography, and rates of complications, including elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), ERM recurrence and need for reoperation. Mean logMAR visual acuity improved significantly in both groups at 6 months (p<0.001) and 1 year (p<0.001) after surgery. There was no statistical difference between the two groups in visual acuity improvement at 6 months (p=0.108) or 1 year (p=0.094). Mean CMT of both groups also significantly decreased after surgery (p=0.002), with no statistical difference in CMT reduction between the two groups, but a trend toward less CMT reduction in group 1 (p=0.061). The rates of complications, including IOP elevation, ERM recurrence and frequency of reoperation, were similar in the two groups, with non-statistical trends toward greater ERM recurrence (p=0.084) and need for reoperation (p=0.096) in those that had combined surgery. Combined surgery for ERMs and cataracts may potentially be as effective as membrane peeling alone with respect to visual and anatomical outcomes. Further studies are necessary to determine if there may be greater ERM recurrence or need for reoperation after combined surgery.
Piccioli, A; Maccauro, G; Scaramuzzo, L; Graci, C; Spinelli, M S
Advances in adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapies have improved the prognosis of cancer patients leading to an increasing incidence of bone metastases and consequent long bone fractures. In the present study the authors consider the indications and the different surgical options of treatment of tibial pathological lesions. 13 patients (14 lesions, 6 pathological fractures), treated according to histotype and lesion localisation, were retrospectively evaluated. Using generic outcome instruments such as the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) and Quality of life questionnaire of European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (QLQ-C30) pain, mobility and use of analgesics were evaluated before and after surgery. In all patients, mechanical stabilisation of the osteolytic lesion was achieved. There were no pathological fractures, and no implant mechanical failure. All patients reported pain relief, with a relevant reduction in the amount of analgesics used. Surgical treatment of tibial metastases has to be decided taking into consideration the histotype, localisation of the metastases and life expectancy. The treatment has to be all-encompassing in a solitary lesion in patients with a good prognosis but less invasive in plurimetastatic patients with poor prognosis. Acquisition of good mechanical stability is crucial for a successful outcome. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
van Ruler, O; Boermeester, M A
Secondary peritonitis remains associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. Treatment of secondary peritonitis is still challenging even in the era of modern medicine. Surgical intervention for source control remains the cornerstone of treatment besides adequate antimicrobial therapy and when necessary intensive medical care measures and resuscitation. A randomized clinical trial showed that relaparotomy on demand (ROD) after initial emergency surgery was the preferred treatment strategy, irrespective of the severity and extent of peritonitis. The effective and safe use of ROD requires intensive monitoring of the patient in a setting where diagnostic tests and decision making about relaparotomy are guaranteed round the clock. The lack of knowledge on timely and adequate patient selection, together with the lack of use of easy but reliable monitoring tools seem to hamper full implementation of ROD. The accuracy of the relaparotomy decision tool is reasonable for prediction of the formation of peritonitis and necessary selection of patients for computed tomography (CT). The value of CT in the early postoperative phase is unclear. Future research and innovative technologies should focus on the additive value of CT after surgical treatment for secondary peritonitis and on the further optimization of bedside prediction tools to enhance adequate patient selection for interventions in a multidisciplinary setting.
Jerosch, Joerg; Schunck, J; Sokkar, S H
Posterior calcaneal exostosis treatment modalities showed many controversial opinions. After failure of the conservative treatment, surgical bursectomy and resection of the calcaneal exostosis are indicated by many authors. But clinical studies also show a high rate of unsatisfactory results with a relative high incidence of complications. The minimal surgical invasive technique by an endoscopic calcaneoplasty (ECP) could be an option to overcome some of these problems. We operated on 81 patients with an age range between 25 and 55 years, 40 males and 41 females. The radiologic examination prior to surgery documented in all cases a posterior superior calcaneal exostosis that showed friction to the Achilles tendon. All patients included in the study had neither clinical varus of the hind foot nor cavus deformities. All patients had undergone a trial of conservative treatment for at least 6 months and did not show a positive response. The average follow-up was 35.3 months (12-72). According to the Ogilvie-Harris-Score, 34 patients presented good and 41 patients excellent results, while three patients showed fair results, and three patients only poor results. All the post-operative radiographs showed sufficient resection of the calcaneal spur. Only minor postoperative complications were observed. ECP is an effective and of minimal-invasive procedure for the treatment of patients with calcaneal exostosis. After a short learning curve, the endoscopic exposure is superior to the open technique has less morbidity, less operating time, and nearly no complications; moreover, the pathology can better be differentiated.
Noguera, H; Castiella Acha, J C; Anguiano Jimenez, M
To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of different therapies applied in the past 30 years, both medical and surgical, and results, with the ultimate aim of determining which are the most appropriate criteria to indicate when and how to perform medical and surgical treatment in these patients. A retrospective randomized study was conducted on 198 patients with primary divergent strabismus first seen in our clinic (IOC) in the last 36 years (1976-2012), with a mean follow-up of 8.38 years. Demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as the various treatments performed, and motor and sensory outcome were collected. They were finally divided into 3 groups of 70, 71 and 56 patients, respectively, according to their first visit, in order to compare the therapies applied. Half (50%) of our patients debuted before 2 years of age (P50=24 months), and 26.3% had optimal binocular vision at the beginning of the study. Medical treatment was used as exclusive therapy in 29.3% of cases (occlusion therapy, applying negative lenses, botulinum toxin), and 70.7% required surgery (61.2% by double retro-insertion of lateral rectus, and 38.8% monolateral retro-resection). There was a recurrence in 26.7% of patients, and 40 re-interventions were performed (70% due to recurrence of divergent strabismus, 12.5% due to surgical over-correction, and 17.5% for other reasons). In the end, 61.1% of patients had perfect binocular vision (TNO=60"), and the proportion was higher in patients who showed proper control of their strabismus at the beginning (P=.003). However, no differences were found in the other variables studied. When the patients were divided into 3 groups (which are demographically comparable), an increased number of patients in Group 3 were found to be treated using negative lenses and botulinum toxin (P<.001 and P=.003). This group was found to have had a higher proportion of bilateral surgery (P=.032), seeking greater immediate postoperative over-correction, thus
Vida, Vladimiro L; Guariento, Alvise; Zucchetta, Fabio; Padalino, Massimo A; Milanesi, Ornella; Maschietto, Nicola; Stellin, Giovanni
During the last decade the cooperation between surgeons and cardiologists has further expanded by combining surgical and interventional techniques (CCBSI) performed in the operating room, without the use of fluoroscopy. We sought to evaluate the results of our experience with CCBSI. All children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who underwent a CCBSI in the operating room between June 2007 and January 2014 were enrolled. Sixty-eight patients were included. Median age at CCBSI was five months (range 1-48 months). The three main diagnoses leading to surgery included: (1) tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) (n = 40), (2) muscular ventricular septal defects (VSD) (n = 12), (3) single ventricle with pulmonary artery branch stenosis (n = 4). There were 72 catheter-based procedures associated with surgical maneuvres, including: (1) transatrial balloon dilation (BD) of the pulmonary valve (n = 45), (2) transinfundibular BD of the main pulmonary artery trunk (n = 12), (3) perventricular VSD closure with septal occluder (n = 8), (4) BD of pulmonary artery branches (n = 5), and other less common procedures (n = 2). There were no procedure-related complications and no hospital deaths. Median follow-up time was four years (range 0.95-7.9 years). There was one late death for respiratory distress after transapical balloon dilation of the aortic valve. One patient required BD and stenting of the left pulmonary artery branch 3.6 years after intraoperative BD for residual stenosis. The CCBSI represents a safe and effective treatment for selected patients with complex CHD. It will be helpful in minimizing patients' surgical trauma and in shortening or avoiding the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Background Rectovaginal fistulas (RVFs) have multiple causes, size and location on which the surgical treatment depends. Description The Authors consider different approaches to RVFs and describe a clinical case of recurrent high RVF. Conclusions Most RVFs can be successfully repaired, although many interventions may be necessary. A colostomy with delayed repair may improve RVFs outcome. Moreover, several authors indicate Mucosal Advancement Flap and Babcock-Bacon technique as the treatments of choice respectively for low and high RVFs (complex and recurrent) and emphasize the placement of endoscopic prothesis in cases of difficult healing of the anastomosis. PMID:24266908
Bergenfeldt, Magnus; Jensen, Benny Vittrup
Isolated colorectal liver metastases should be referred for multispecialist management at a liver centre. Long-time survival is possible after resection and adjuvant therapy. If unresectable, newer chemotherapy with oxaliplatin, irinitecan, bevacizumab and cetuximab may result in a median survival > 20 months. Selected patients may be down-staged and resected with good long-time survival. Bilateral, multiple and large metastases can also be treated by complex combinations of portal vein embolization/ligature, staged resections and local (radiofrequency) ablation.
Chamberlain, Ronald S; Culshaw, Darren L; Donovan, Brian J; Lamp, Kenneth C
The increasing frequency of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as a cause of surgical site infections, and decreased susceptibility to vancomycin, highlight the need for alternative therapies. All patients with a surgical site infection enrolled in the Cubicin Outcomes Registry and Experience (CORE 2007 retrospective multicenter registry were studied. Outcome was assessed at the end of daptomycin therapy using protocol-defined criteria. Success was defined as cured or improved. Non-evaluable patients were excluded from the efficacy analysis but were included in the safety analysis. Of 962 patients in the CORE registry in 2007, 104 (11%) had a surgical infection and met the criteria for the efficacy analysis. The overall success rate was 91% (95/104). The distribution of surgical site infections by depth was 36% (38/104) superficial incisional, 36% (38/104) deep incisional, and 27% (28/104) organ/space. Success rates by infection depth were 92% for superficial incisional, 92% deep incisional, and 89% organ/space (P = .9). Success in patients with and without surgery was 89% (49/55) and 94% (46/49) (P = .5). The median final daptomycin dose was 5.5 mg/kg. The median duration of daptomycin therapy was 14 days. Prior antibiotic therapy was given to 79% of patients; 35% failed. Prior vancomycin was used in 45% of patients; 24% failed. Among vancomycin failures, the daptomycin success rate was 91% (10/11). Of those with a positive culture, common pathogens were S. aureus (68%; MRSA 61%) and enterococci (26%; vancomycin-resistant 36%). There were 9 possible treatment-related adverse events (AEs) in 8 of 118 (7%) patients; 2 serious AEs were reported in 1 patient. Success rates for patients with a surgical site infection treated with daptomycin were high and did not differ based on the need for surgical intervention. High success rates were achieved in patients with infection caused by MRSA as well as in patients who had failed to respond to previous
Yokoi, Kohei; Matsuguma, Haruhisa
Carcinomatous pleuritis in patients with lung cancer is usually found to accompany frank malignant effusion and/or multiple pleural tumors and is associated with poor outcomes. The disease condition is now classified as stage IV (M1a) in the present TNM staging system and is generally considered to be a contraindication for surgical resection. However, this condition is sometimes discovered, with or without a small amount of pleural effusion, at thoracotomy in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer. The incidence was reported to be approximately 3%, and in such patients surgical treatment has been performed in some institutions. The surgical procedures employed are diverse, including limited resection, lobectomy, pneumonectomy, and extrapleural pneumonectomy. The median postoperative survival times and 5-year survival rates were reported to be 17-30 months and 13-24%, respectively. We performed extrapleural pneumonectomy in 23 patients from 1988 to 2012, and the median survival time and 5-year survival rate are 34 months and 34%, respectively. Among 12 patients with pathologic N0-1 disease, 6 patients are alive without disease 4 to 288 months after surgery, for a median survival time and 5-year survival rate of 126 months and 61%, respectively. Our results indicate that carefully selected patients with carcinomatous pleuritis may be candidates for curative extrapleural pneumonectomy.
ZENI, Luiza Bueno; RUSSI, Ricardo Fantazzini; FIALHO, Alexandre Faleiro; FONSECA, Ana Luiza Pagani; SOMBRIO, Lyara Schaefer; ROCHA, Igor Cunha
Background Pancreatic cancer has a high mortality rate due to late diagnosis and aggressive behavior. The prognosis is poor, with 5-year survival occurring in less than 5% of cases. Aim To analyze demographic characteristics, comorbidities, type of procedure and early postoperative complications of patients with pancreatic cancer submitted to surgical treatment. Methods Cross-sectional study with analysis of 28 medical records of patients with malignant tumors of the pancreas in a 62 month. Data collection was performed from the medical records of the hospital. Results Of the total, 53,6% were male and the mean age was 60.25 years. According to the procedure, 53,6% was submitted to duodenopancreactectomy the remainder to biliodigestive derivation or distal pancreatectomy. The ductal adenocarcinoma occurred in 82,1% and 92,9% of tumors were located in the pancreatic head. Early postoperative complications occurred in 64,3% of cases and the most prevalent was intra-abdominal abscess (32,1%). Among duodenopancreactectomies 77,8% had early postoperative complications. Conclusion Its necessary to encourage early detection of tumors of the pancreas to raise the number operations with curative intent. Refinements in surgical techniques and surgical teams can diminish postoperative complications and, so, operative morbimortality can also decrease over time. PMID:25626938
Lewandowicz, Edward; Zieliński, Tomasz; Iljin, Aleksandra; Fijałkowska, Marta; Kasielska-Trojan, Anna
Lipodystrophies are a wide group of diseases with various etiology, mainly genetic, metabolic or autoimmune. The treatment of these diseases is chronic and not always effective. Major concerns for patients with lipodystrophies are also esthetic defects, especially deformities in the face, neck and upper limbs. There are many surgical methods that can be used to improve patient's appearance like fillers, autologous fat transfer and skin flaps. The aim of this paper is to present and discuss surgical techniques used for correction of lipoatrophy and other skin lesions present in lupus erythematosus. In the first presented patient, lipodermal grafts were performed in two stages (first – to both zygomatic areas, the second – to both nasolabial folds). Moreover, the patient was qualified for arm scar plasty. Deepithelialized skin in the affected area was covered with advanced local skin flaps. In the second patient, an extensive scarring lesion on the scalp was excised and the defect was closed with an expanded scalp flap. Patients with lipodystrophies may require aesthetic surgical procedures to improve their appearance. In patients with lupus erythematosus, autologous fat graft in the face area seems to be a safe and effective method of refilling the volume of atrophic tissues. On the basis of our experience, it is worth emphasizing that the process of fat graft resorption is typical. In patients with scalp scars, an effective method of their removal and hairline restoring is usage of the tissue expander. PMID:25610357
Zuccon, Alexandre; Cardoso, Sérgio Inácio Cristiano; Abreu, Fábio Peluzo; Fernandes, Antonio Carlos
Objective To analyze the results from surgical treatment of 69 cases of clubfoot in 43 patients with myelodysplasia according to clinical and radiographic criteria, at our institution between 1984 and 2004. Methods This was a retrospective study involving analysis of medical files, radiographs and consultations relating to patients who underwent surgical correction of clubfoot. The surgical technique consisted of radical posteromedial and lateral release with or without associated talectomy. Results The patients’ mean age at the time of the surgery was four years and two months, and the mean length of postoperative follow-up was seven years and two months. Satisfactory results were achieved in 73.9% of the feet and unsatisfactory results in 26.1% (p < 0.0001). Conclusion Residual deformity in the immediate postoperative period was associated with unsatisfactory results. Opening of the Kite (talocalcaneal) angle in feet that only underwent posteromedial and lateral release, along with appropriate positioning of the calcaneus in cases that underwent talectomy, was the radiographic parameter that correlated with satisfactory results. PMID:26229877
Listl, Stefan; Frühauf, Nadine; Dannewitz, Bettina; Weis, Christiane; Tu, Yu-Kang; Chang, Huei-Ju; Faggion, Clovis M
The purpose of the present study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of various alternatives of non-surgical peri-implantitis treatment. A decision analytical model was constructed and populated with parameter estimates from recent literature for reduction in pocket probing depth (PPD) in response to eight different treatment alternatives. A micro-costing approach combined with an online expert survey was applied to simulate a decision-making scenario taking place in Germany. The treatment alternatives providing the most advantageous cost/outcome combinations were identified according to the net benefit criterion. Uncertainties regarding model input parameters were incorporated via simple and probabilistic sensitivity analysis based on Monte Carlo simulation. In the base case scenario, debridement alone, Air-Flow, debridement combined with PerioChip, and debridement combined with local antibiotics were identified as treatment strategies with comparably better value for money than Er:YAG laser monotherapy, Vector System, debridement combined with CHX, and photodynamic therapy. Sensitivity analysis revealed considerable decision uncertainty corresponding to limited evidence about different treatment alternatives for peri-implantitis treatment. Derivation of robust treatment recommendations for peri-implantitis requires more comprehensive and patient-centred evidence on peri-implantitis treatments. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Background The goal of this study was to determine whether there are correlations between various options of surgical treatment and long-term outcome for spinal osteosarcoma. Methods This was a retrospective review of 16 patients with spinal osteosarcoma, who underwent surgical treatment from 1999 to 2010. Seven patients were given total en bloc spondylectomy (TES), while nine received piecemeal resection (there were seven cases of total piecemeal spondylectomy, one of sagittal resection, and one of vertebrectomy). The outcome and prognosis of the patients were evaluated, grouped by surgical treatment. Results All 16 cases were followed for an average of 42.4 months. At follow-up, all patients noted that pain had eased or had gradually disappeared. Three months after surgery, eight patients (50.0%) had improved 1 to 2 grades in their neurological status, based on Frankel scoring. Six (37.5%) patients experienced local recurrence of the tumor, nine (56.3%) had metastases, and five (31.3%) died of the disease. Of the six patients who received a wide or marginal en bloc resection, none developed local recurrence or died from the disease. Conversely, of the ten patients who received intralesional or contaminated resections, six (60%) relapsed and five (50%) died from the disease. Conclusions TES, with a wide margin, should be planned for patients with osteosarcoma of the cervical and thoracolumbar spine, whenever possible. When the patients are not candidates for en bloc resection, total piecemeal spondylectomy is an appropriate choice for osteosarcoma in the mobile spine. PMID:23597053
Knyshov, G V; Rudenko, A V; Vorobyova, A M; Atamanyuk, M Y; Krykunov, O A
Infective endocarditis morbidity remains high: 3 to 8 cases per 100,000 of population. Antibiotic therapy is ineffective. Its surgical treatment experience is relatively limited. To share the surgical treatment experience of 855 patients with acute infective valvular endocarditis (AIVE) treated during 1982 to 2000 in the Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery AMS, Ukraine. 855 (75.4%) of 1128 hospitalized patients with AIVE were operated upon. Surgical interventions included removal of diseased tissues, heart chambers treatment with antiseptic solutions, wash out with normal saline solution, replacement or plastic procedure of valves. Heart abscesses were found in 132 (15.5%) patients. Hospital mortality was after aortic valve replacement 12.6%; mitral valve replacement 9.7%; plastic procedure on mitral valve 0%; aortic and mitral valve replacement 30%; tricuspid valve replacement 15.4%; and plastic procedure on tricuspid valve 6.1%. Recurrences of infective process occurred in 51 (6.0%) patients. Infections were observed more frequently in patients with heart abscesses: 10.6% versus 5.7% (p < 0.02). 716 (96.7%) patients were studied 2 to 194 (87.4+/-39.4) months postoperatively. Tenth year postoperative survival was 62.1+/-27.7% including hospital mortality. (1) AIVE has become one of the most frequent causes of acquired heart lesions in the postChernobyl nuclear power station catastrophe era. (2) Heart failure development in postoperative period is stipulated by the disease duration. (3) Presence of heart abscesses favors recurrence of development of infective endocarditis. (4) Postoperative antibiotic therapy for more than 3 weeks does not help in prevention of recurrences.
Cubertafond, P; Gainant, A; Cucchiaro, G
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the benefit of an aggressive approach to gallbladder carcinoma on long-term survival. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Recent studies have shown that an aggressive surgical treatment of bile duct carcinoma can be associated with a surprising long-term survival. However, recent data on gallbladder carcinoma are not available. METHODS: Data were obtained from a questionnaire sent to 73 institutions in France, Europe, and overseas, and they were analyzed retrospectively. The review included an analysis of patient sex and age, associated hepatobiliary diseases, symptoms and signs, diagnostic tests, operative management, pathology reports, and survival. RESULTS: Seventy-eight per cent of the patients were women, and 22% were men (p < 0.001). Gallstones were present in 86% of the cases. Four per cent of the patients had Tis stage lesions, 11% had T1 to T2 stage lesions, and 85% had T3 to T4 stage lesions (p < 0.001). Pain was the most frequent symptom (77%). Twenty-three per cent of the patients underwent curative operations, and 77% had a palliative treatment (25% of the patients underwent exploratory laparotomy). Exploratory laparotomy was followed by the highest mortality rate (66%), and older patients (> 70 years) had a higher operative risk (p < 0.04). The overall median survival was 3 months, and long-term survival correlated with the cancer stage (Tis, > 60 months; T1 to T2, > 22 months, and T3 to T4, 2 to 8 months). No differences were observed among the different surgical procedures adopted. CONCLUSIONS: No progress has been made in the last 10 years in the treatment of gallbladder malignancies. PMID:8147608
Kong, Bong Young; Baek, Goo Hyun; Gong, Hyun Sik
A strong association has been reported between keloid formation after syndactyly reconstruction and primary digital enlargement, and methotrexate (MTX) treatment has been shown to produce promising results in a few reported cases. However, detailed surgical technique for revision of keloid formation after syndactyly division has not been well described, and there is still no standard treatment protocol regarding use of MTX in such cases. In this paper, we describe the technical details of keloid excision and full thickness skin grafting followed by MTX medication for the treatment of massive keloid formation after syndactyly division. We also describe a case of unsuccessful use of MTX, and our experience of its prophylactic use for a patient with syndactyly with primary digital enlargement.
Ponce, Brent A; Menendez, Mariano E; Oladeji, Lasun O; Fryberger, Charles T; Dantuluri, Phani K
The authors describe the first surgical case adopting the combination of real-time augmented reality and wearable computing devices such as Google Glass (Google Inc, Mountain View, California). A 66-year-old man presented to their institution for a total shoulder replacement after 5 years of progressive right shoulder pain and decreased range of motion. Throughout the surgical procedure, Google Glass was integrated with the Virtual Interactive Presence and Augmented Reality system (University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama), enabling the local surgeon to interact with the remote surgeon within the local surgical field. Surgery was well tolerated by the patient and early surgical results were encouraging, with an improvement of shoulder pain and greater range of motion. The combination of real-time augmented reality and wearable computing devices such as Google Glass holds much promise in the field of surgery.
Zhang, Li-Min; Ren, Liang; Zhao, Zhen-Qi; Zhao, Yan-Rui; Zheng, Yin-Feng; Zhou, Jun-Lin
Abstract Rationale: Bacterial meningitis (BM) has been recognized as a rare complication of spinal surgery. However, there are few reports on the management of postoperative BM in patients who have undergone spinal surgery. The initial approach to the treatment of patients suspected with acute BM depends on the stage at which the syndrome is recognized, the speed of the diagnostic evaluation, and the need for antimicrobial and adjunctive therapy. Patient concerns: Here, we report the case of a patient with lumbar spinal stenosis and underwent a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion at L4–L5. The dura mater was damaged intraoperatively. After the surgery, the patient displayed dizziness and vomiting. A CSF culture revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. Diagnoses: The patient was diagnosed with postoperative BM. Interventions: Antibiotic was administered intravenously depends on the organism isolated. Nevertheless, the patient's clinical condition continued to deteriorate. The patient underwent 2 open revision surgeries for dural lacerations and cyst debridement repair. Outcomes: The patient's mental status returned to normal and her headaches diminished. The patient did not have fever and the infection healed. Lessons: Surgical intervention is an effective method to treat BM after spinal operation in cases where conservative treatments have failed. Further, early surgical repair of dural lacerations and cyst debridement can be a treatment option for selected BM patients with complications including pseudomeningocele, wound infection, or cerebrospinal fluid leakage. PMID:28296723
Schaper, Andreas; Hofmann, Rainer; Bargain, Philippe; Desel, Herbert; Ebbecke, Martin; Langer, Claus
Body packers smuggle cocaine by swallowing containers filled with the drugs, whilst body pushers conceal the containers in the rectum or vagina. In a collaborative effort between the Department of General Surgery, two major airports and Poisons Centre, we performed a retrospective study to develop an algorithm for the treatment of ruptured cocaine-filled containers. The data of all cocaine body packers and body pushers who were identified at the airports of Frankfurt and Paris from 1985 to 2002 were evaluated concerning incidence, demographics and surgical aspects. From 1985 to 2002, 312 body pushers and 4,660 body packers were identified. The sex ratio was 1:1. Sixty-four "mules" (1.4%) developed life-threatening symptoms of cocaine overdose after the rupture of a container. In 20 patients, an emergency laparotomy was performed and the containers were removed; all of these patients survived. Forty-four body packers died before surgical treatment could be performed. Only one body pusher required medical attention. Cocaine overdose can be life-threatening. If the cause is the rupture of a container in a body packer, the only possible treatment is immediate laparotomy for the removal of the container.
Athié-Gutiérrez, César; Rodea-Rosas, Heriberto; Guízar-Bermúdez, Clemente; Alcántara, Avisaí; Montalvo-Javé, Eduardo E
Amebiasis is a worldwide health problem that mainly affects developing countries. Invasive amebiasis tends to develop complications, and among these, perforation of the colon, although infrequent (1.9-9.1%), is the most lethal. Surgical treatment in these cases should be carried out in a timely fashion prior to the presentation of systemic repercussions or death. In the present study, we analyzed a total of 122 cases of invasive amebiasis-associated colon perforation. We conducted a clinical, retrospective, and observational study and presented cases of colonic perforation observed over the past 30 years at the Medical-Surgical Emergency Service of the Mexico City-based Hospital General de México OD during the 1970-1999 period. During this time, a total of 19,916 emergency abdominal surgeries were performed. One hundred twenty-two of these procedures corresponded to cases of colon perforation by ameba, which represents 0.6%; 80 patients were men (65.6%) and 42 were women (34.4%), with an average age of 48 years. Multiple colon perforation was 74%, with right colon the most affected (90.5%). Depending on the perforation's extension and localization, right hemicolectomy with ileostomy were performed in 53 patients (43.45%), subtotal colectomy with ileostomy in 43 (35.25%), left hemicolectomy with transverse colostomy in 12 (9.83%), exteriorization of perforated left colon (stoma) in 13 (10.65%), and primary closure with exteriorization in one patient (0.8%). Post-operative complications were present in 48 patients (39.3%), and 20 cases were related with the creation of a stoma. Eighteen of these cases were due to persistent abdominal sepsis and ten due to toxic colon; the latter correspond solely to patients with initial nonresective treatment. General mortality was 40%, with 32% (17 of 53 cases) of mortality in those submitted to right hemicolestomy, 16.7% (two of 12) of left hemicolestomy, 44.2% (19 of 43) in those in whom a subtotal colectomy was performed, with
Huo, Lijun; Cui, Dongmei; Yang, Xiao; Gao, Zhenya; Zeng, Junwen
To investigate the etiology and the treatment of acquired blepharoptosis inpatients, especially secondary to surgery. The clinical records of 65 consecutive patients with acquired ptosis were reviewed from an eye center and a comprehensive hospital. Potential factors responsible for acquired ptosis were investigated. Surgical management principles and post-operative exposure keratitis are discussed. The top three causes of acquired ptosis were postsurgical ptosis (20/65, 30.8%), traumatic ptosis (17/65, 26.2%) and senile aponeurotic ptosis (12/65, 18.5%). Twenty patients had post-surgical ptosis secondary to orbital surgery (8/20, 40.0%), enucleation and hydroxyapatite (HA) artificial eye implantation (4/20, 20%), eyelid surgery (3/20, 15%), cataract or glaucoma surgery (2/20, 10%), conjunctive surgery (2/20, 10%) and superior oblique muscle surgery (1/20, 5%). The levator palpebrae superioris (LPS) muscle of ten eyes (10/20, 50%) was found during exploration and reattached to the tarsal plate, with shortening of the LPS. Nine eyes (9/20, 45%) underwent a frontalis suspension (FS) operation because the LPS muscle was missing. One(1/20, 5%) patient was not operated on due to a poor Bell's phenomenon. Two patients (2/65, 3.1%)--one patient with post-surgical ptosis and another with aponeurotic ptosis--developed exposure keratitis after ptosis correction. Post-surgical ptosis is one of the most common causes of acquired ptosis. It is important to explore LPS muscle during surgery. LPS reattachment is performed if the muscle is found; otherwise, a FS operation is chosen. Exposure keratitis after correction should be monitored.
Napolitano, A M; Innocenti, P; Costantini, R; Napolitano, L; Gargano, E
It is emphasized that currently only surgery offers a real hope of improving the prognosis of patients suffering from liver metastases and many data from the Literature supporting this contention are reported. Indications and prognostic factors for the surgical treatment of these lesions are evaluated. A series of 36 patients operated on for hepatic metastases and the relative technical procedures are presented. In 33 cases the primary tumor was a colorectal carcinoma. Two right lobectomies and 34 minor resections or segmentectomies were performed. No peroperative mortality was observed. The survival rate was 70% after 1 year, 51% after 2 years, and 27% after 3 years.
Bliemel, C; Oberkircher, L; Eschbach, D-A; Struewer, J; Ruchholtz, S; Buecking, B
Proximal femoral fractures are common in the elderly. Surgical and postoperative complications are of major importance in this population. Numerous factors affecting the treatment results could be identified so far. The effect of surgeons' experience in terms of educational status is not entirely clarified yet. The aim of the present study was to analyse the effect of surgeons' educational status on the outcome in proximal femoral fractures. Therefore treatment results were compared in terms of individual surgeons' experience. Furthermore, the surgical education concept of our department was evaluated. At a national trauma centre, patients of at least 60 years of age with proximal femoral fractures were prospectively screened. Patient-specific parameters like Barthel index, ASA score, Charlson score, patients' age and type of fracture were collected at the time of hospital admission. During the in-hospital stay type of fracture treatment, surgery time, number of blood transfusions, perioperative complications, duration of in-hospital stay as well as in-hospital mortality were recorded. Results were analysed for osteosynthesis and prosthesis depending on the surgeons' educational status. Four different groups of surgeons were distinguished (inexperienced senior house officer; experienced senior house officer; specialist in orthopaedics and accident surgery; specialist in orthopaedics and accident surgery with an additional qualification for special accident surgery). 402 patients with coxal femoral fractures could be included into the study. 160 patients (40 %) sustained complications of different severity. In-hospital mortality was shown to be 6.2 %. Separate consideration of osteosynthesis and prosthesis revealed no difference between the four groups of surgeons regarding mortality rate, number of blood transfusions and in-hospital stay. In terms of cutting/suture time consultants with a further specialisation in trauma surgery were significantly faster. Apart
Kanamori, Taro; Ichihara, Tetsuya; Sakaguchi, Hidehito; Inoue, Takehiko
Aorto-left ventricular continuity destruction due to prosthetic valve endocarditis is rare, but it is one of the fatal complications after aortic root operation. We report a case of surgical treatment for prosthetic valve endocarditis after aortic root replacement. A 47-year-old man, who had undergone aortic root replacement with a composite graft was transferred to our hospital with sudden chest pain and high fever. Enhanced computed tomography showed a large space with contrast enhancement suggesting perivalvular leakage around the artificial composite graft. Emergency operation including aortic root re-replacement and reconstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract was performed successfully. We focused on its technical aspect.
Weinstein, James N.; Tosteson, Tor D.; Lurie, Jon D.; Tosteson, Anna N. A.; Hanscom, Brett; Skinner, Jonathan S.; Abdu, William A.; Hilibrand, Alan S.; Boden, Scott D.; Deyo, Richard A.
Context Lumbar diskectomy is the most common surgical procedure performed for back and leg symptoms in US patients, but the efficacy of the procedure relative to nonoperative care remains controversial. Objective To assess the efficacy of surgery for lumbar intervertebral disk herniation. Design, Setting, and Patients The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial, a randomized clinical trial enrolling patients between March 2000 and November 2004 from 13 multidisciplinary spine clinics in 11 US states. Patients were 501 surgical candidates (mean age, 42 years; 42% women) with imaging-confirmed lumbar intervertebral disk herniation and persistent signs and symptoms of radiculopathy for at least 6 weeks. Interventions Standard open diskectomy vs nonoperative treatment individualized to the patient. Main Outcome Measures Primary outcomes were changes from baseline for the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey bodily pain and physical function scales and the modified Oswestry Disability Index (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons MODEMS version) at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 and 2 years from enrollment. Secondary outcomes included sciatica severity as measured by the Sciatica Bothersomeness Index, satisfaction with symptoms, self-reported improvement, and employment status. Results Adherence to assigned treatment was limited: 50% of patients assigned to surgery received surgery within 3 months of enrollment, while 30% of those assigned to nonoperative treatment received surgery in the same period. Intent-to-treat analyses demonstrated substantial improvements for all primary and secondary outcomes in both treatment groups. Between-group differences in improvements were consistently in favor of surgery for all periods but were small and not statistically significant for the primary outcomes. Conclusions Patients in both the surgery and the nonoperative treatment groups improved substantially over a 2-year period. Because of the large numbers of
Dal Molin, Danilo Canesin; Ribeiro, Fabiano Rebouças; Filho, Rômulo Brasil; Filardi, Cantídio Salvador; Tenor, Antonio Carlos; Stipp, Willian Nandi; Petros, Rodrigo Souto Borges
Objective: To evaluate the results from surgical treatment of 84 cases of acute acromioclavicular dislocation, using a posterosuperior access route. Methods: Eighty-four cases of acute acromioclavicular dislocation (grade III in the Allman-Tossy classification) operated between November 2002 and May 2010 were evaluated. The patients’ mean age was 34 years. The diagnoses were made using clinical and radiographic evaluations. The patients were operated by the same surgical team, within three weeks of the date of the trauma, using a posterosuperior approach to the shoulder to access the top of the base of the coracoid process for placement of two anchors, which were used in reducing the dislocation. The minimum follow-up was 12 months. The postoperative clinical-radiographic evaluation was done using the modified Karlsson criteria and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score. Results: 92.8% of the 84 patients treated presented good or excellent results, and 7.2% presented fair or poor results, using the UCLA assessment score. According to the modified Karlsson criteria, 76.2% were assessed as grade A, 17.9% as grade B and 5.9% as grade C. Conclusion: The posterosuperior access route to the shoulder is a new option for accessing the coracoid process and treating acromioclavicular dislocation, with clinical and radiographic results equivalent to those in the literature. PMID:27047866
Dal Molin, Danilo Canesin; Ribeiro, Fabiano Rebouças; Filho, Rômulo Brasil; Filardi, Cantídio Salvador; Tenor, Antonio Carlos; Stipp, Willian Nandi; Petros, Rodrigo Souto Borges
To evaluate the results from surgical treatment of 84 cases of acute acromioclavicular dislocation, using a posterosuperior access route. Eighty-four cases of acute acromioclavicular dislocation (grade III in the Allman-Tossy classification) operated between November 2002 and May 2010 were evaluated. The patients' mean age was 34 years. The diagnoses were made using clinical and radiographic evaluations. The patients were operated by the same surgical team, within three weeks of the date of the trauma, using a posterosuperior approach to the shoulder to access the top of the base of the coracoid process for placement of two anchors, which were used in reducing the dislocation. The minimum follow-up was 12 months. The postoperative clinical-radiographic evaluation was done using the modified Karlsson criteria and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score. 92.8% of the 84 patients treated presented good or excellent results, and 7.2% presented fair or poor results, using the UCLA assessment score. According to the modified Karlsson criteria, 76.2% were assessed as grade A, 17.9% as grade B and 5.9% as grade C. The posterosuperior access route to the shoulder is a new option for accessing the coracoid process and treating acromioclavicular dislocation, with clinical and radiographic results equivalent to those in the literature.
Mussi, A; Janni, A; Pistolesi, M; Ravelli, V; Buonaguidi, R; Angeletti, C A
Twenty patients with carcinoma of the lung and a brain metastasis have undergone combined lung and brain surgery, which was synchronous in five. There were no operative deaths. Survival from the first surgical intervention was less than one year (3-10 months) in four patients (20%), one to two years in four (20%) and more than two years (26-66 months) in five patients (25%). Seven patients (35%) are alive and well after an average period of three years and three months (15-66 months). Actuarial survival at five years is 33.6%. All patients had severe neurological symptoms and 18 (90%) had a complete remission. Our experience and data reported in the literature point to the effectiveness of combined lung and brain surgery in prolonging symptom free survival in patients with lung cancer and solitary brain metastasis. PMID:3983887
Oki, Eiji; Tokunaga, Shoji; Emi, Yasunori; Kusumoto, Tetsuya; Yamamoto, Manabu; Fukuzawa, Kengo; Takahashi, Ikuo; Ishigami, Sumiya; Tsuji, Akihito; Higashi, Hidefumi; Nakamura, Toshihiko; Saeki, Hiroshi; Shirabe, Ken; Kakeji, Yoshihiro; Sakai, Kenji; Baba, Hideo; Nishimaki, Tadashi; Natsugoe, Shoji; Maehara, Yoshihiko
The necessity of surgical treatment of liver metastases of gastric cancer is still controversial. We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study of liver-limited metastasis of gastric cancer treated surgically between 2000 and 2010. In this study, 103 patients were registered, with nine patients excluded from the analysis as they did not meet the eligibility criteria. Of the 94 patients, 69 underwent surgical resection, 11 underwent surgical resection combined with radiofrequency ablation or microwave coagulation therapy for small or deep tumors, and 14 underwent radiofrequency ablation or microwave coagulation therapy only. Synchronous and metachronous metastases were found in 37 and 57 patients, respectively. The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates of all the patients were 51.4 and 42.3 %, respectively. The 3- and 5-year relapse-free survival rates were 29.2 and 27.7 %, respectively. No significant difference in prognosis was observed between the patients who underwent surgical resection and those who underwent ablation therapy. The patients with hepatic solitary lesions and low-grade lymph node metastases of primary gastric cancer had significantly better overall survival and relapse-free survival. To our knowledge, this study is the largest series and first multicenter cohort study of liver-limited metastasis of gastric cancer. The study indicated that patients with a single liver metastasis with a grade lower than N2 lymph node metastasis of the primary lesion are the best candidates for liver resection.
Puchner, Stephan E.; Funovics, Philipp T.; Böhler, Christoph; Kaider, Alexandra; Stihsen, Christoph; Hobusch, Gerhard M.; Panotopoulos, Joannis; Windhager, Reinhard
Background and objectives Treatment of pelvic tumors remains challenging due to complex anatomy, poor oncological outcome and high complication rates. We sought to investigate the long-term oncological and surgical outcome of these patients. Methods Between 1980 and 2012, 147 patients underwent surgical treatment for pelvic sarcoma. Histological diagnosis was Chondrosarcoma in 54, Ewing’s Sarcoma/PNET in 37, Osterosarcoma in 32 and others in 24 patients. Statistical analysis for the evaluation of oncological and surgical outcome was performed by applying Cox proportional hazards regression and Fine-Gray regression models for competing risk (CR) endpoints. Results The estimated overall survival (OS) to death was 80%, 45% and 37% at 1, 5 and 10 years, respectively. Univariate analyses revealed a statistically significant unadjusted influence of age age (p = 0.038; HR = 1.01), margin (p = 0.043; HR = 0.51) and grade (p = 0.001; HR = 2.27) on OS. Considering the multivariable model, grade (p = 0.005; HR = 3.04) and tumor volume (p = 0.014; HR = 1.18) presented themselves as independent prognostic factors on OS. CR analysis showed a cumulative incidence for major complication of 31% at 5 years. Endoprosthetic reconstruction had a higher risk for experiencing a major complication (p<0.0001) and infection (p = 0.001). Conclusions Pelvic resections are still associated with a high incidence of complications. Patients with pelvic reconstruction and high volume tumors are especially at risk. Consequently, a cautious decision-making process is necessary when indicating pelvic reconstruction, although a restrictive approach to pelvic reconstruction is not necessarily reasonable when the other option is major amputation. PMID:28199377
Illuminati, G; D'Urso, A; Ceccanei, G; Caliò, F; Vietri, F
Until fenestrated endografts will become the standard treatment of pararenal aortic aneurysms, open surgical repair will currently be employed for the repair of this condition. Suprarenal aortic control and larger surgical dissection represent additional technical requirements for the treatment of pararenal aneurysms compared to those of open infrarenal aortic aneurysms, which may be followed by an increased operative mortality and morbidity rate. As this may be especially true when dealing with pararenal aneurysms in an elderly patients' population, we decided to retrospectively review our results of open pararenal aortic aneurysm repair in elderly patients, in order to compare them with those reported in the literature. Twenty-one patients over 75 years of age were operated on for pararenal aortic aneurysms in a ten-year period. Exposure of the aorta was obtained by means of a retroperitoneal access, through a left flank incision on the eleventh rib. When dealing with interrenal aortic aneurysm the left renal artery was revascularized with a retrograde bypass arising from the aortic graft, proximally bevelled on the ostium of the right renal artery. Two patients died of acute intestinal ischemia, yielding a postoperative mortality of 9.5%. Nonfatal complications included 2 pleural effusions, a transitory rise in postoperative serum creatinine levels in 3 cases, and one retroperitoneal hematoma. Mean renal ischemia time was 23 min, whereas mean visceral ischemia time was 19 min. Mean inhospital stay was 11 days. Pararenal aortic aneurysms in the elderly can be surgically repaired with results that are similar to those obtained in younger patients.
The upper eyelid of young people is characterized by a proper fullness and projection. Aging eyes show upper eyelid volume loss, symmetric or asymmetric hollowing with too much upper lid showing, dermatochalasis with skin excess. While in the past blepharoplasty surgery was the only approach used to improve eye appearance in the last years, hyaluronic acid (HA) filling of the upper eyelid area has been found very effective in reaching good eye rejuvenation and use of traditional surgical techniques can be limited. A total of 154 patients were enrolled in this study to improve eye appearance. One hundred twenty-eight patients were treated with HA injections in the upper eyelid only, 21 patients underwent surgical treatment followed by HA injections to ensure full correction, and 5 patients underwent blepharoplasty surgery only. The correct approach has been evaluated on the basis of standardized criterion. Twelve-month clinical follow-up was used to evaluate the results and the degree of patient satisfaction was high. The results are very lasting and no modifications after 2 years are common. HA filling is an effective means to rejuvenate the upper eyelid and in several cases it is the only approach able to restore the proper fullness of the upper eyelids. Surgical techniques should be used in the presence of dermatochalasis with excess skin. HA injections in the upper eyelid are easy to perform but it is important to use the correct technique and follow proper indications. This method is a manageable, lasting, and low-cost treatment. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www
Arístegui Ruiz, Miguel Ángel; González-Orús Álvarez-Morujo, Ricardo José; Oviedo, Carlos Martín; Ruiz-Juretschke, Fernando; García Leal, Roberto; Scola Yurrita, Bartolomé
Vestibular schwannoma is the most frequent cerebellopontine angle tumor. The aim of our study is to reflect our experience in the surgical treatment of this tumor Retrospective study of 420 vestibular schwannomas operated in our hospital between 1994-2014. We include tumor size, preoperative hearing, surgical approaches, definitive facial and hearing functional results, and complications due to surgery. A total of 417 patients with 420 tumors were analyzed, 209 female (50.1%) and 208 male (49.9%). Mean age at diagnosis was 49.8±13.2 years. The majority of the tumors were resected through a translabyrinthine approach (80.2%). Total tumor removal was achieved in 411 tumors (98.3%), and anatomic preservation of facial nerve in 404 (96.2%). Definitive facial nerve outcome was House-Brackmann grade I and II in 69.9%, and was significantly better in tumors under 20mm. Surgical complications included cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 3 patients (0.7%) and retroauricular subcutaneous collection in 16 (3.8%), 5 cases of meningitis (1.2%), 4 patients with intracraneal bleeding (0.9%), and death in 3 patients (0.7%). Surgery is the treatment of choice for vestibular schwannoma in the majority of patients. In our experience, the complication rate is very low and tumor size is the main factor influencing postoperative facial nerve function. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.
Chen, Yong-jun; Tian, Rui; Wang, Min; Shi, Cheng-jian; Qin, Ren-yi; Zou, Sheng-quan
To explore the improvement of typing and reasonable surgical treatment for pancreatic ductal stone (PDS). Totally 89 patients with pancreatic ductul stone treated underwent surgeries from January 2000 to December 2012 were involved into this study. There were 57 male and 32 female patients, the average age was (52 ± 23) years. According to the magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography imaging and finding during surgery, pancreatolithiasis was classified into three types: type I, the stones were located in the main pancreatic duct; type II, the stones were located both in main and branch pancreatic duct; type III, the stones were diffusely scattered in the branch pancreatic duct; the position of PDS within pancreatic parenchyma were subtitled. In this group, 43 type I PDS were extracted with endoscopic papillotomy or endoscopic pancreatic sphincterotomy, or pancreatolithotomy plus pancreato-jejunal lateral anastomosis with wide anastomotic stoma; 39 type II cases were treated by pancreatolithotomy plus pancreato-jejunal lateral anastomosis or/and resection of pancreatic section; 7 type III PDS were managed with resection of pancreatic section. All surgeries were performed successfully. Among complications, 6 cases (6.7%) were pancreatic leakage which recovered after systematic non-surgical treatment, 2 cases (2.2%) were anastomotic bleeding which led to 1 death, 6 cases (6.7%) were residual pancreatolithiasis in branch pancreatic duct type. Seventy-eight patients were followed up for 6 to 131 months, 57 cases were still alive so far. Five cases were intermittent abdominal pain, 7 cases were diabetes resulted from 2 subtotal pancreatectomy and 5 distal pancreatectomy, 5 cases occurred pancreatolithiasis recurrence and 3 underwent secondary surgeries. The basis of this modified typing of pancreatolithiasis is the position of stone in pancreatic duct rather than pancreas parenchyma. It is more important and valuable for surgical principle of taking stones out
Giovannetti, Riccardo; Alifano, Marco; Stefani, Alessandro; Legras, Antoine; Grigoroiu, Madalina; Collet, Jean-Yves; Magdelenat, Pierre; Regnard, Jean-François
Management of bronchiectasis remains controversial and information on long-term results of surgical treatment is poor. Clinical records of 45 patients, who underwent surgery for bronchiectasis in an 8-year period, were retrospectively reviewed. Bronchiectasis focus was isolated in 24 cases, associated with a limited homolateral or controlateral focus in 9 and 11, respectively; two patients had bilateral evident foci. Bronchiectasis was responsible for lobe destruction in 23 cases. All patients had symptoms: haemoptysis (n=7), recurrent pneumonia (n=7), persistent bronchorrea with recurrent infection (n=15), hemoptysis and recurrent infection (n=16). A total of 23 lobectomies, 11 lobectomies+segmentectomies, 2 bi-lobectomies, 9 segmentectomies and 1 pneumonectomy were carried out. There were no perioperative deaths; complications occurred in 5 patients (postoperative pneumonia in 2, prolonged air-leak, residual air-space and bronchial infection 1 each). Symptoms disappeared in 32 patients, 10 patients experienced a significant improvement. Exercise tolerance remained stable or improved in 33 and 2 cases, respectively, a slight impairment was observed in 9. Out of 32 evaluable patients 11 had an unchanged FEV(1), 15 had a limited FEV(1) lowering (<15%), and 9 had a more important functional loss. Surgical treatment of bronchiectasis obtains satisfactory long-term results, with acceptable morbidity rates.
Bensman, V M; Savchenko, Iu P; Evglevskiĭ, A A; Dolgarev, S O
An analysis of results of surgical treatment of 158 adult patients with the syndrome of chronic colostasis (SCC) has shown that the rectal form of Hirschsprung's disease (RFH) was diagnosed in 57 patients while idiopathic megadolichocolon (IMC)--in 101 patients. There were two types of SCC: proctogenic and cologenic. The proctogenic type appears in patients with RFH due to hypogangliosis and agangliosis, and in patients with IMC--as a result of dystrophy of ganglionic neurons of the Meissner plexus of the rectum. The computed morphometry and histochemical investigations have shown that hypogangliosis and agangliosis in RFH were of congenital origin while dystrophy of the rectal ganglia in many patients with IMC was an acquired pathology. The marginal variant of the second type of the colon structure can be considered as a cause of SCC. A new operation--endofascial resection of the rectum--is proposed for treatment of proctogenic SCC. The differential surgical strategy with pathomorphogenesis of SCC taken into account allowed to get satisfactory results in 73% of cases.
Jara, J; Lledó, E
Throughout human history, erectile dysfunction has represented one of the most omnipresent health problems. This has resulted in a search for solutions that, one after the other, have been shown to be fruitless. In this context, the emergence of possible surgical solutions at the start of the 20th century represented a revolution that, even then, would take several decades to demonstrate their effectiveness. We performed a literature review that shows the process in the development of potential surgical treatments for hormonal restoration for erectile dysfunction, followed by the sudden emergence of vascular surgery, with new anastomosis techniques, and in the future, the development of penile prosthetic implants as alternative treatments. The publication of results from erectile dysfunction surgery has been lagging for decades due to a lack of objectivity, given that sexual function is a topic restricted by patients' privacy. This situation has led to a reliance on results reported by various authors whose actual credibility could not be verified, with subsequent demonstrations showing that some of these results were not reproducible. This article reviews some of the most important milestones in the progress of surgeries designed to treat erectile dysfunction. The achievements and apparent failures provide a reason for reflection on how we far we have come and how far we can go in the near future. Copyright © 2012 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
Bahrami-Motlagh, Hooman; Hassanian-Moghaddam, Hossein; Behnam, Behdad; Arab-Ahmadi, Mehran
Body stuffing is defined as ingestion of unpackaged or packaged illicit drugs in a quick process. The drugs have usually been wrapped loosely in cellophane, plastic bags, paper, or aluminum foil. Methamphetamine toxicity is a dangerous state that occurs during methamphetamine leakage from the ingested packages in the gastrointestinal tract. This is usually occurring with cocaine and heroin, but methamphetamine body stuffing may less commonly happen, as well. Accordingly, management of methamphetamine body-stuffers is an important subject that has remained a controversy in clinical and legal aspects. We have reported two body-stuffer cases who underwent exploratory laparotomy. Although surgery was done, it was not useful to exit packs and even led to severe methamphetamine toxicity. These cases show that surgical treatment may be ineffective and even harmful in body-stuffers. On the other hand, this report suggests that pre and post-operation abdominal CT-scan is necessary for evaluating surgical treatment in patients who are still symptomatic. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.
Kruk-Jeromin, Julia; Zieliński, Tomasz
Hypertrophy of labia minora is a variant of normal anatomy. The enlargement can be unilateral or bilateral and is sometimes asymmetric. Hypertrophy of the labia minora may be attributed to mechanical irritation and endocrine diseases. Labia minora longer than 5 cm is a functional and aesthetic problem for many women. Surgical treatment is performed at the request of the patient and based on surgical reduction of labia minora. The goal of this paper is to present our own experiences in labia minora reduction. Twenty-one patients with labia minora hypertrophy aged from 18 to 35, were operated. Hypertrophy was bilateral in all cases but asymmetrical in 5. We have observed that labia majora were smaller than normally and even after labioplasty did not contact in the midline. We performed elliptical resection of the protuberant segment of the hypertrophic labium. We obtained good aesthetic and functional results. All patients were fully satisfied with the outcome. Hypertrophy of labia minora is not a pathologic condition but rather a variant of normal anatomy. Indication of the operation is psychical and functional discomfort. Elliptical resection of the protuberant tissue is a safe method of treatment.
Canavese, Federico; Rousset, Marie; Le Gledic, Benoit; Samba, Antoine; Dimeglio, Alain
Neuromuscular disorders are a group of diseases affecting the neuro-musculo-skeletal system. Children with neuromuscular disorders frequently develop progressive spinal deformities with cardio-respiratory compromise in the most severe cases. The incidence of neuromuscular scoliosis is variable, inversely correlated with ambulatory abilities and with a reported risk ranging from 80% to 100% in non-ambulatory patients. As surgical and peri-operative techniques have improved, more severely affected children with complex neuromuscular deformities and considerable co-morbidities are now believed to be candidates for extensive surgery for spinal deformity. This article aimed to provide a comprehensive review of how neuromuscular spinal deformities can affect normal spine balance and how these deformities can be treated with segmental instrumentation and sub-laminar devices. Older concepts have been integrated with newer scientific data to provide the reader with a basis for better understanding of how treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis has evolved over the past few decades. Recent advances, as well as challenges that remain to be overcome, in the surgical treatment of neuromuscular curves with sub-laminar devices and in the management of post-operative infections are outlined. PMID:24829875
Biglioli, Federico; Allevi, Fabiana; Lozza, Alessandro
Nerve-related complications are being reported with increasing frequency following oral and dental surgery, and typically involve the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). We assess herein the etiology of neuropathic pain related to IAN injuries, and describe the various surgical treatment techniques available. Between 2007 and 2013, 19 patients were referred to the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of San Paolo Hospital (Milan, Italy) with pain in the area supplied by the IAN, which developed following endodontic treatment, oral surgery and maxillofacial surgery. All patients underwent IAN surgery by several different microsurgical procedures. Most of the patients affected by pain before surgery experienced complete or partial amelioration of symptoms. All patients receiving sural nerve grafts were pain-free 12 months after surgery. In five patients the operation was unsuccessful. In 78.94% of cases, a significant increase in nerve function was observed. Pain following IAN surgical damage may be addressed by microsurgery; nerve substitution with a sural nerve interpositional graft appears to represent the most efficacious procedure. Scar releasing, nerve decompression and nerve substitution using vein grafts are less effective. Removal of endodontic material extravasated into the mandibular canal is mandatory and effective in patients experiencing severe pain. Surgery should be performed within 12 months postoperatively, ideally during the first few weeks after symptoms onset.
Rodríguez, Dayron; Sacco, Dianne E
Minimally invasive interventions for stone disease in the United States are mainly founded on 3 surgical procedures: extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, ureteroscopic lithotripsy, and percutaneous nephrolithotomy. With the advancement of technology, treatment has shifted toward less invasive strategies and away from open or laparoscopic surgery. The treatment chosen for a patient with stones is based on the stone and patient characteristics. Each of the minimally invasive techniques uses an imaging source, either fluoroscopy or ultrasound, to localize the stone and an energy source to fragment the stone. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy uses a shock wave energy source generated outside the body to fragment the stone. In contrast, with ureteroscopy, laser energy is placed directly on the stone using a ureteroscope that visualizes the stone. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy requires dilation of a tract through the back into the renal pelvis so that instruments can be inserted directly onto the stone to fragment or pulverize it. The success of the surgical intervention relies on performing the least invasive technique with the highest success of stone removal.
Lackmann, G M; Draf, W; Isselstein, G; Töllner, U
Although today most injuries of face and head are the result of car and motorcycle accidents, dog bites are a frequent cause of facial injuries in children. In recent years, general guidelines have been established concerning the surgical treatment of facial dog bite injuries in children. We have seen 16 children with such lesions at our hospital in the last 4 years. All children have been treated surgically, under general anaesthesia, by primary closure of the wound with interrupted sutures after having adapted the margins by subcutaneous sutures. In addition, all children have been evaluated 3 months-5 years after the accidents in order to objectify the results of our treatment. Special attention has been attached to the functional and aesthetic outcome. In all cases, we saw good-to-excellent results. Based on this experience we suggest a clinical classification of these injuries in regard to a special therapeutic regime for each stage. In this way, guidelines may be established for the surgeon dealing with these injuries.
Aldrian, Silke; Erhart, Jochen; Schuster, Rupert; Wernhart, Simon; Domaszewski, Florian; Ostermann, Roman; Widhalm, Harald; Platzer, Patrick
Type II odontoid fractures with additional chip fragments are rare in clinical practice, accounting for < 10% of all odontoid fractures. Hadley et al were the first to describe these fractures as an individual subtype (IIA). To analyze the outcome of patients after surgical or nonoperative treatment of Hadley type IIA odontoid fractures. We analyzed the records of 46 patients at an average of 64 years of age at the time of injury. Twenty-five patients underwent surgical stabilization by anterior screw fixation and were entered into study group A; 21 patients were treated nonoperatively by halo vest immobilization and included in study group B. Thirty-seven patients (84%) returned to their preinjury activity level and were satisfied with their treatment. Using the Cervical Spine Outcomes Questionnaire to quantify the clinical outcome, we had an overall outcome score of 21.8. We did not find a significant difference in the overall clinical outcome between study groups. Bony fusion was achieved in 35 patients (80%). We had a nonunion rate of 13% after anterior screw fixation and a significantly higher rate of 30% after halo vest immobilization. Failure of reduction or fixation occurred in 12 patients (27%), with a significantly higher failure rate after halo vest immobilization. Hadley type IIA odontoid fractures are inherently unstable and impede proper realignment. These fractures have a significantly increased risk for secondary loss of reduction and bony nonunion, particularly after nonoperative management. Early surgery should be considered to avoid further complications.
Rolski, D.; Zawadzki, P.; Życińska, K.; Mierzwińska-Nastalska, E.
Morphological and functional disturbances induced by postsurgical defects and loss of tissues in the stomatognathic system due to the treatment of tumors in the maxillofacial region determine the therapeutic needs of patients. The study aimed at clinical and epidemiological evaluation of patients under prosthetic treatment in order to establish the algorithm for rehabilitation. The study group was composed of the patients after midface surgery (45.74%); surgery in a lower part of the face (47.38%); mixed postoperative losses (3.44%); loss of face tissues and surgery in other locations in the head and neck region (3.44%). The supplementary treatment was applied in 69.63% of patients. Clinical and additional examinations were performed to obtain the picture of postoperative loss, its magnitude, and location to plan the strategy of prosthetic rehabilitation. The management algorithm for prosthetic rehabilitation in patients after surgical treatment of maxillofacial neoplasms was based on its division in stages. The location and magnitude of postoperative losses, as well as the implementation of supplementary treatment of the patients after treatment of maxillofacial tumors, influence the planning of prosthetic rehabilitation that plays a key role and facilitates the patients' return to their prior living situation, occupational and family lives. PMID:27747229
Georgescu, I; Vlad, C; Gavriliu, TȘ; Dan, S; Pârvan, AA
Introduction. Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a very rare disease compared to other afflictions, running the risk of social isolation for children and their parents, due to the problems specific to the disease. All the social, psychological and physical disadvantages must be removed or at least mitigated, all within the society’s limited resources. In Romania, this situation has led in the last couple of years to the selection of a number of extremely severe cases, which could not be solved by orthopedic and classic surgical treatment methods. These patients exhibit gracile long bones, which are distorted, often with cystic degeneration at the level of the extremities, pseudarthroses, limb length discrepancies, most of them being unable to walk, being condemned to sitting in a wheelchair. Aim. This paper deals with the experience of the Orthopedics Department of "Maria Sklodowska Curie" Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children, in Bucharest, in the field of surgical treatment for moderate and severe forms of OI, within the time frame of May 2002-May 2012. For the first time in Romania, on May 20, 2002, the team led by Professor Gh. Burnei, MD, has implanted telescopic rods in the femur and tibia of a patient with OI. One of the most important themes, of great interest in the orthopedic surgery, is the osteoarticular regularization and reconstruction in severe forms of OI, which should allow the patients to stand and walk. These cases are a challenge for the surgeon, who is in the position of applying new, complex procedures, or perfecting, modifying and adapting techniques that have already been established. The aim of the surgical treatment is the increase of the quality of life of these children and adolescents and of their social integration. Methods and results. In the above-mentioned period, from the OI patients who are in the evidence of our clinic, 32 were operated on, totaling 81 surgeries. Out of these, 28 patients, aged 2-27 years, have benefited from
Wang, Biao; Zhu, Yue; Jiao, Ying; Wang, Feng; Liu, Xinchun; Zhu, Haitao; Tu, Guanjun; Liang, Deyong
The preliminary results from a new anterior-posterior surgical approach are reported. To report a novel surgical approach, which was successfully applied to treat 8 cervical facet dislocation patients. The combined anterior-posterior surgical procedure is used as a common approach in the treatment of cervical facet dislocations. However, some problems may arise during the application of this approach, and as a result, surgeons must change the initial surgical plan to anterior-posterior-anterior approach. Between December 2011 and June 2012, 8 patients had facet dislocations were surgically treated by the new anterior-posterior approach. After anterior discectomy, a peek frame cage containing autologous iliac bone particles or tricalcium phosphate bone substitute was inserted in the interspace and fixed with a peek composite buttress plate screwed into the inferior vertebral body. Then, the anterior wound was closed and the patient was turned prone. Through a posterior midline approach, the posterior elements were exposed and the reduction was gradually achieved by posteriorly translating the superior segment and progressively positioning the patient's neck into extension. Then lateral mass or pedicle screws and titanium rods were placed in a favorable and satisfactory position, which was demonstrated by the intraoperative plain radiographs. A posterolateral fusion was performed and the posterior wound was closed. With the use of this new approach, all the patients had obtained successful reduction and satisfactory anatomic sagittal alignment. No instances of neurological deterioration and instrument failure occurred, no complications were owing to the use of this technique, and 4 patients existed neurological functional recovery at the most recent follow-up visit. This reported surgical approach is an efficient and safe way for the treatment of traumatic cervical facet dislocations.
Kocadereli, Ilken; Turgut, Melek D
This case report presented a combined surgical/orthodontic treatment of an impacted permanent incisor of a 10-year-old boy. Trauma to the primary dentition caused the impaction of the maxillary left permanent central incisor. Application of push coil spring between the adjacent teeth created space for the impacted tooth. A button with an extension of ligature wire was bonded to the maxillary left permanent central incisor to bring it into the arch. The maxillary left permanent central incisor was brought to its proper position after 16 months of active orthodontic treatment.
Bairov, G A; Osipov, I Iu; Koval'chuk, V S; Kurbanov, T A
An analysis of results of the surgical treatment of 61 patients aged from 1 to 14 years has been made. Follow-up examinations from 1 to 18 years after treatment was performed in 53 of the 61 patients. In sacral and iliac dystopia of the kidney good outcomes were obtained after combined reconstructive plastic operations consisting of nephropexy associated with ureterolysis, resection of accessory vessels, plasty of the pyeloureteral segment and resection of the kidney pole with abnormal blood supply. With pelvic and crossed dystopia nephrureterectomy is indicated. With the only dystopic kidney good remote results were obtained after a one-step radical correcting operation.
Kryzhanivs'ka, A Ie
The results of treatment of 127 patients, suffering cervix uteri cancer stage IIB in period of 1998 - 2012 yrs, were analyzed. Complications of surgical stage of the combined treatment have had occurred in 40.9% patients, including 40.5% patients, to whom neoadjuvant chemotherapy was conducted and in 41.5%--radiation therapy (RTH). The main postoperative complications--retroperitoneal lymphatic cysts--were revealed in 35.4% patients. The factors, raising the risk of postoperative complications occurrence, are following: the primary tumor spreading, metastatic affection of lymphatic nodes of pelvic cavity, preoperative conduction of RTH or chemotherapy.
Chuang, Chi-Cheng; Chang, Chen-Nen; Wei, Kuo-Chen; Liao, Cheng-Chih; Hsu, Peng-Wei; Huang, Ying-Cheng; Chen, Yao-Liang; Lai, Li-Ju; Pai, Ping-Ching
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare neurovascular insult. Early surgical decompression is the most effective treatment, especially for rapid deterioration of visual acuity or for altered consciousness. The timing of rapidly expanded mass was strongly related to the treatment outcome. Thirteen patients who presented with severe visual defect after pituitary apoplexy were enrolled retrospectively. Six patients without severe underlying diseases were considered non-complicated and were treated early. Another seven patients who received delayed treatment after medical problems were stabilized and/or conservative management failed were considered to be complicated. The visual acuity of each individual eye was evaluated and organized into six grades based on visual acuity. Twelve patients received transsphenoidal surgery and one craniotomy was performed for tumor removal. The delay of surgical treatment was 3.5 days and 8.7 days in the two groups, respectively. Overall, 19 out of 26 eyes (73%) improved after surgery; 100% in non-complicated group and 50% in complicated group. The average grade of visual improvement was 2.66 vs. 0.71 by each individual eye, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.000). The ratio of regained useful vision was significant in non-complicated patients (P<0.000). The incidence of requirement long-term hormone replacement was high in the complicated group (2/6 vs. 6/7). The resection rate was total in 8 patients, subtotal in 3, partial in 1, with one loss of image follow-up. Early decompression significantly improved visual outcomes and the need for hormone replacement was minimal. We postulated old age, underlying malignant diseases, and coagulation disorders played the predisposing factors of poor outcome in these cases.
Fanelli, F.; Gazzetti, M.; Boatta, E.; Ruggiero, M.; Lucatelli, P.; Speziale, F.
Free floating thrombus in the proximal descending aorta is an uncommon and dangerous condition that can be associated with acute peripheral embolization. The few cases described were solved with surgical and/or medical therapy. We report the case of a patient with acute left arm ischemia secondary to the presence of floating thrombus in the proximal descending aorta extending into the left subclavian artery, solved with combined endovascular and surgical therapy. Treatment was successfully performed with thrombembolectomy combined with temporary deployment, into the descending aorta, of a Wallstent in a 'basket-fashion' to avoid distal embolization secondary to thrombus fragmentation. At 1 year follow-up the patient remained symptom-free.
Lin, Shang-Hsi; Lin, Huwang-Chi; Jeng, Chu-Hsu; Hsieh, Cheng-Han; Lin, Yu-Hsien; Chen, Cha-Chun
Refractory migraine surgery developed since 2003 has excellent results over the past 10 years. According to the pioneer of migraine surgery, Dr. Bahman Guyuron, 5 major surgical classifications of migraines are described in the field of plastic surgery, namely, frontal migraine, temporal migraine, rhinogenic migraine, occipital migraine, and auriculotemporal migraine. In this study, we present the preliminary surgical results of the occipital migraine surgery. A total of 22 patients with simple occipital migraines came to our outpatient clinic for help from June 2014 to February 2015. Thirteen cases were excluded owing to ineligibility for operation or other reasons. The patients who concurrently experienced other types of migraines were precluded even if they received combined migraine surgery. Therefore, 9 simple occipital migraine cases were enrolled in this study. Migraine severity was evaluated by uniform questionnaires to identify the source of migraine. Neurolysis was performed under general anesthesia, with the patient in a prone position. Postoperative conditions were evaluated at the second, fourth, sixth, and eighth weeks by posttreatment questionnaires. Of all the 9 patients, 5 experienced single-sided migraines of greater occipital nerve origin (2 left-sided and 3 right-sided cases). Two patients had bilateral migraines of greater occipital nerve origin, and unilateral right lesser occipital nerve origin was noted in one patient. The last patient had right-sided migraines of greater and lesser occipital nerve origin. As a result in the follow-up, a response rate greater than 90% was documented, and complete resolution was observed in 2 patients. Drug doses were reduced more than 50% in the remaining patients. The overall efficacy of occipital migraine surgery in this study was 88.8% (8/9 cases). Some patients with migraine are good candidates for surgical resolution with appropriate and meticulous selection. Similar to what is observed in Western
Hejsek, L; Ernest, J; Němec, P; Rejmont, L; Manethová, K; Stepanov, A; Rozsíval, P
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment is a serious ocular pathology. Therapeutic options are surgical only. Surgery is in advanced stages technically and financially demanding. In this paper, we consider the results operated detachments, which were for their advancement, with respect to the technical possibilities of the present intraocular surgery, on the border of the surgical possibilities. The group consisted of 37 eyes of 37 patients who were followed prospectively and had in the affected eye very advanced (old) rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. As a method to confirtm any visual functions were used visual evoked potentials in flash monocular stimulation (F-VEP). All patients had a cerclage performed 12 mm from the limbus, 20G pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), in 2 was also performed cataract surgery (phacoemulsification with implantation of an artificial intraocular lens to the bag). Surgery was done in 23 of 37 patients (62 % of the whole group), with the remaining 14 eyes was not due to the severity of finding highly advanced retinal detachment. Attached retina at the end of the observation period had 14 eyes (61% of the patients, 38% of the whole group). In 5 eyes was due to local re-detachment in the periphery only stabilized finding (22% of operated eyes, 14% of all). The values of visual acuity in the subgroup of operated eyes were statistically significantly increased after surgery (Wilcoxon p = 0.036). The values of F-VEP were not statistically significantly different between operated and non-operated patients and was not found any statistically significant correlation between the vision (and even after surgery) and F-VEP in operated eyes. Anatomical success of surgical treatment of advanced retinal detachment is possible. But the correlation was not found in visual acuity and F-VEP or the severity of preoperative disturbed visual function, even in the improvement in the postoperative period. F-VEP is not a suitable marker for determining the
Kopp, Franz J; Marcus, Randall E
When conservative treatment fails to provide relief for a symptomatic accessory navicular, surgical intervention may be necessary. Numerous studies have been published, reporting the results of the traditional Kidner procedure and alternative surgical techniques, all of which produce mostly satisfactory clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to report the clinical results, utilizing the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Midfoot Scale, of surgical management for symptomatic accessory navicular with simple excision and anatomic repair of the tibialis posterior tendon. The authors retrospectively reviewed the results of 13 consecutive patients (14 feet) who underwent surgical treatment for symptomatic accessory navicular. The patients ranged in age from 16 to 64 years (average, 34.1 years; mean, 28.2 years) at the time of surgery. All patients had a type II accessory navicular. The average follow-up of the patients involved in the study was 103.4 months (range, 45-194 months). The AOFAS Midfoot Scale was utilized to determine both preoperative and postoperative clinical status of the 14 feet included in the study. The average preoperative AOFAS score was 48.2 (range, 20-75; mean, 38.8). The average postoperative AOFAS score was 94.5 (range, 83-100; mean, 94.3). At last follow-up, 13 of 14 feet were without any pain, no patients had activity limitations, and only two of 14 feet required shoe insert modification. Postoperatively, no patients had a clinically notable change in their preoperative midfoot longitudinal arch alignment. All of the patients in the study were satisfied with the outcome of their surgery and would undergo the same operation again under similar circumstances. When conservative measures fail to relieve the symptoms of a painful accessory navicular, simple excision of the accessory navicular and anatomic repair of the posterior tibialis tendon is a successful intervention. Overall, the procedure provides reliable pain
Bahr, Roald; Fossan, Bjørn; Løken, Sverre; Engebretsen, Lars
Although the surgical treatment of patellar tendinopathy (jumper's knee) is a common procedure, there have been no randomized, controlled trials comparing this treatment with forms of nonoperative treatment. The purpose of the present study was to compare the outcome of open patellar tenotomy with that of eccentric strength training in patients with patellar tendinopathy. Thirty-five patients (forty knees) who had been referred for the treatment of grade-IIIB patellar tendinopathy were randomized to surgical treatment (twenty knees) or eccentric strength training (twenty knees). The eccentric training group performed squats on a 25 degrees decline board as a home exercise program (with three sets of fifteen repetitions being performed twice daily) for a twelve-week intervention period. In the surgical treatment group, the abnormal tissue was removed by means of a wedge-shaped full-thickness excision, followed by a structured rehabilitation program with gradual progression to eccentric training. The primary outcome measure was the VISA (Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment) score (possible range, 0 to 100), which was calculated on the basis of answers to a symptom-based questionnaire that was developed specifically for patellar tendinopathy. The patients were evaluated after three, six, and twelve months of follow-up. There was no difference between the groups with regard to the VISA score during the twelve-month follow-up period, but both groups had improvement (p < 0.001). The mean combined VISA score for the two groups increased from 30 (95% confidence interval, 25 to 35) before the start of treatment to 49 (95% confidence interval, 42 to 55) at three months, 58 (95% confidence interval, 51 to 65) at six months, and 70 (95% confidence interval, 62 to 78) at twelve months. In the surgical treatment group, five knees had no symptoms, twelve had improvement but were still symptomatic, two were unchanged, and one was worse after twelve months (p = 0.49 compared
Trompetas, Vasileios; Sandison, Andrew Jp; Anderson, Hugh J
We report on the case of a 50-year-old woman with exsanguinating haemorrhage from the common femoral artery as a complication of recurrent vulvar cancer in the groin which was managed successfully with combined open surgical and endovascular intervention. She survived another three months and died from progressive disease without further episodes of bleeding. This complication is rare, presents dramatically, and is usually a terminal event. For those cases where intervention is considered appropriate, the option of combined open surgical and endovascular repair should be kept in mind.
Sandison, Andrew JP; Anderson, Hugh J
We report on the case of a 50-year-old woman with exsanguinating haemorrhage from the common femoral artery as a complication of recurrent vulvar cancer in the groin which was managed successfully with combined open surgical and endovascular intervention. She survived another three months and died from progressive disease without further episodes of bleeding. This complication is rare, presents dramatically, and is usually a terminal event. For those cases where intervention is considered appropriate, the option of combined open surgical and endovascular repair should be kept in mind. PMID:21278892
Vrublevskiĭ, S G; Kovarskiĭ, S L; Menovshchikova, L B; Korzinikova, I N; Vrublevskaia, E N; Al'-Mashat, N a; Poddubnyĭ, G S; Feoktistova, E V
The results of solitary renal cysts (SRC) treatment in children have been analysed. Laparoscopic and puncture methods have been used. The algorithm of SRC patients' management is proposed. Ninety children with simple renal cysts aged 1 to 15 years were treated in Moscow city N.F. Filatov children's hospital N 13 in 1996-2007. The diagnosis was made basing on the findings of ultrasound investigation, computed tomography and radionuclide scintigraphy. Surgical treatment was applied only in case of large cysts (2.5 cm and more), connection with collective renal system and clinical manifestations. In small-size cysts and normal urodynamics the patients were followed up. Laparoscopic excision of the cyst was performed in 71 cases. The punctures were made under ultrasonic guidance with catchment or without it. The cyst content was aspirated with following sclerosing and administration of 96% ethanol into the cyst cavity. There were no postoperative complications. Good results (cyst disappearance) were achieved in 64 patients after laparoscopic and in 13 after paracentetic treatment; satisfactory results (cyst size reduction and relieve of clinical symptoms) were obtained in 6 children after laparoscopic and in 4 after percutaneous puncture. Laparoscopic treatment failed in 1 case of intraparenchymatous cyst which relapsed. It is recommended to begin treatment of simple renal cysts with use of the paracentetic method with catchment and following sclerosing proving positive results after original surgery.
Ebrahimi, Ali; Kalantar Motamedi, Mohammad Hosein
Severe combined burn-blast injury is a great challenge to surgical teams due to its high mortality. It also results in unsightly traumatic tattoos. The aims of these case reports were to clarify the clinical characteristic of the dynamite explosion burn-blast facial injuries and discuss appropriate management of these patients. We report two patients suffering from facial burn-blast injury following dynamite explosion in which after primary stabilization, silver sulfadiazine cream was applied to the wounds and 12 hours later the wounds were cleaned under general anesthesia with vigorous saline solution irrigation and brushing. The foreign particles were meticulously removed from wounds and simultaneous repairing of defects was done with nylon 6-0 sutures. We conclude application of silver sulfadiazine cream on facial burn-blast injury tattoos several hours before surgical removal of particles is highly efficacious in facilitating particle removal and attaining a good result following surgical intervention, and primary repair. Treatment of combined burn-blast tattoos is different from other types of tattoos not associated with burns. Debridement and removal of foreign particles under general anesthesia from skin immediately and primary reconstruction of wounds is essential. We recommend application of the topical agent silver sulfadiazine to wounds about 12 hours before surgical intervention.
Ebrahimi, Ali; Kalantar Motamedi, Mohammad Hosein
Severe combined burn-blast injury is a great challenge to surgical teams due to its high mortality. It also results in unsightly traumatic tattoos. The aims of these case reports were to clarify the clinical characteristic of the dynamite explosion burn-blast facial injuries and discuss appropriate management of these patients. We report two patients suffering from facial burn-blast injury following dynamite explosion in which after primary stabilization, silver sulfadiazine cream was applied to the wounds and 12 hours later the wounds were cleaned under general anesthesia with vigorous saline solution irrigation and brushing. The foreign particles were meticulously removed from wounds and simultaneous repairing of defects was done with nylon 6-0 sutures. We conclude application of silver sulfadiazine cream on facial burn-blast injury tattoos several hours before surgical removal of particles is highly efficacious in facilitating particle removal and attaining a good result following surgical intervention, and primary repair. Treatment of combined burn-blast tattoos is different from other types of tattoos not associated with burns. Debridement and removal of foreign particles under general anesthesia from skin immediately and primary reconstruction of wounds is essential. We recommend application of the topical agent silver sulfadiazine to wounds about 12 hours before surgical intervention. PMID:24829894
Hofstede, Stefanie N; Vliet Vlieland, Thea P M; van den Ende, Cornelia H M; Nelissen, Rob G H H; Marang-van de Mheen, Perla J; van Bodegom-Vos, Leti
Objectives National and international evidence-based guidelines for hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) recommend to start with non-surgical treatments, followed by surgical intervention if a patient does not respond sufficiently to non-surgical treatments, but there are indications that these are not optimally used. The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which all recommended non-surgical treatments were used by patients with hip or knee OA who receive(d) a total hip or knee replacement, as reported by patients and orthopaedic surgeons. Setting We performed two cross-sectional internet-based surveys among patients and orthopaedic surgeons throughout the Netherlands. Participants 195 OA patients either have undergone total knee arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty no longer than 12 months ago or being on the waiting list for surgery with a confirmed date within 3 months and 482 orthopaedic surgeons were invited to participate. Primary and secondary outcome measures The use of recommended non-surgical treatments including education about OA/treatment options, lifestyle advice, dietary therapy, physical therapy, acetaminophen, NSAIDs and glucocorticoid injections. Results 174 OA patients (93%) and 172 orthopaedic surgeons (36%) completed the surveys. Most recommended non-surgical treatments were given to the majority of patients (eg, 80% education about OA, 73% physical therapy, 72% acetaminophen, 80% NSAIDs). However, only 6% of patients and 10% of orthopaedic surgeons reported using a combination of all recommended treatments. Dietary therapy was used least frequently. Only 11% of overweight and 30% of obese participants reported having received dietary therapy and 28% of orthopaedic surgeons reported to prescribe dietary therapy to overweight patients. Conclusions While most recommended non-surgical treatments were used frequently as single therapy, the combination is used in only a small percentage of OA patients. Especially, use of dietary therapy
Deitel, Mervyn; Shikora, Scott A
Morbid obesity is defined as obesity with a body mass index >/=40, or >/=35 with secondary serious diseases. Conservative medical therapies in these individuals generally fail to sustain weight loss. Thus, surgical operations have evolved which are based on gastric restriction and/or malabsorption. Historically, the intestinal bypass operation was followed by the gastric bypass operation (in some instances combined with intestinal bypass) or by the gastric restriction operations (gastroplasty or gastric banding). Laparoscopic techniques are now being used for these operations, but require surgical expertise in both the bariatric operations and advanced laparoscopic skills. All operations may have complications, but these occur in a very small percent. Postoperative follow-up and nutritional surveillance are mandatory. The operations result in significant weight loss, and the current operations have a mean lasting weight loss of about 50 percent of excess body weight, with improvement or resolution of most obesity-associated conditions. There is evidence that even modest to moderate weight loss in these individuals has significant medical benefit.
Duany, Nyagon G; Zywiel, Michael G; McGrath, Mike S; Siddiqui, Junaed A; Jones, Lynne C; Bonutti, Peter M; Mont, Michael A
To date, reports of surgical treatment of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SPONK) refractory to non-operative treatment have primarily focused on knee arthroplasty. This report presents an overview of the characteristics of SPONK and reports our experience with joint-preserving surgical treatment of this condition. Fifteen patients who had joint-preserving surgery after failed non-operative modalities were studied. These patients were treated at a single center between January 1998 and September 2006 with a combination of arthroscopy and core decompression, or osteochondral autograft transfers. Thirteen of the 15 knees (87%) had knee joint survival with a mean Knee Society Score of 81 points (range 45–100 points) at a mean follow-up of 40 months (range 9–120 months). Five of seven knees treated with core decompression had a successful clinical outcome. One of the patients who failed core decompression later underwent osteochondral autograft transfer, and eight of nine knees treated with this modality had a successful outcome. Overall, these results demonstrate that joint-preserving surgical treatment can successfully postpone the need for knee arthroplasty in selected patients with pre-collapse SPONK.
The use of robotic technology in the surgical treatment of brain tumour promises increased precision and accuracy in the performance of surgery. Robotic manipulators may allow superior access to narrow surgical corridors compared to freehand or conventional neurosurgery. This paper reports values and ranges of tool-tissue interaction forces during the performance of glioma surgery using an MR compatible, image-guided neurosurgical robot called neuroArm. The system, capable of microsurgery and stereotaxy, was used in the surgical resection of glioma in seven cases. neuroArm is equipped with force sensors at the end-effector allowing quantification of tool-tissue interaction forces and transmits force of dissection to the surgeon sited at a remote workstation that includes a haptic interface. Interaction forces between the tool tips and the brain tissue were measured for each procedure, and the peak forces were quantified. Results showed maximum and minimum peak force values of 2.89 N (anaplastic astrocytoma, WHO grade III) and 0.50 N (anaplastic oligodendroglioma, WHO grade III), respectively, with the mean of peak forces varying from case to case, depending on type of the glioma. Mean values of the peak forces varied in range of 1.27 N (anaplastic astrocytoma, WHO grade III) to 1.89 N (glioblastoma with oligodendroglial component, WHO grade IV). In some cases, ANOVA test failed to reject the null hypothesis of equality in means of the peak forces measured. However, we could not find a relationship between forces exerted to the pathological tissue and its size, type, or location. PMID:27314044
Jinghao, Zheng; Kai, Luo; Yanhui, Huang; Zhongqun, Zhu; Botao, Gao; Xinwei, Du; Zhiwei, Xu; Jinfen, Liu
Objective Ebstein anomaly is a rare type of tricuspid malformation. The present surgical methods to resolve this anomaly include tricuspid valvuloplasty, palliative surgery, and tricuspid valve replacement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and midterm outcomes of different surgical treatments among children with Ebstein anomaly. Methods This was a retrospective study of 136 Ebstein anomaly patients undergoing surgery at our institution from January, 2006 to August, 2015. This cohort included 118 patients receiving tricuspid valvuloplasty, 14 patients receiving palliative surgery and 4 patients receiving tricuspid valve replacement. Results There were two in-hospital deaths and one delayed death 6 months after bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt during a second-stage operation; thus, the mortality rate was 2.2% (3/136). The follow-up variables included echocardiography, chest radiography, oxygen saturation, and cardiac function. After a mean follow-up duration of 35.8 ± 16.5 months (range: 6-98 months), all survivors had no indications for reoperation; the oxygen saturation following radical surgery and palliative surgery was 95 to 100% and 85 to 95%, respectively. Most of the patients exhibited an improved New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class from III or IV preoperatively to I or II at follow-up; only two patients who underwent the Fontan procedure continued to exhibit NYHA functional class III. In most patients, tricuspid regurgitation (TR) degree decreased from moderate or severe preoperatively to mild or moderate at follow-up and only six patients continued to exhibit severe TR at follow-up. Conclusions Individualization of surgical methods based on different indications, including age, associated malformations, tricuspid anatomy, cardiac function, and intraoperative status, could effectively improve the outcomes of Ebstein anomaly patients.
Iglesias, Pedro; Díez, Juan José
Postoperative hypoparathyroidism (HypoPT) and hypothyroidism (HypoT) are the main endocrine complications after the surgical treatment for thyroid cancer. Postsurgical HypoPT can be transient, protracted or permanent. Its frequency varies according to the underlying cervical pathology, surgical technique, and mainly the experience of the surgeon. Risk factors for HypoPT include aggressiveness of the tumor, extent of surgery, the presence of parathyroid gland in the pathologic specimen, and surgeon experience. Clinical manifestations of postsurgical HypoPT can be acute or chronic. An adequate surgical technique that minimizes trauma and preserve the vascularization of the parathyroid glands is the better procedure to reduce the risk of postoperative HypoPT. Acute hypocalcemia may be managed with intravenous or oral calcium supplements, according to the level of serum calcium and the presence of signs and symptoms. Patients with permanent HypoPT require lifelong calcium and vitamin D supplementation. Calcitriol is the vitamin D metabolite of preference because of its high activity and short half-life. Both PTH (1-34) and intact PTH (1-84) have demonstrated to be attractive options in hypoparathyroid patients who cannot maintain stable serum and urinary calcium levels with calcium and vitamin D supplementation. However, the long-term safety of these preparations has not been established. Postsurgical HypoT is an unavoidable consequence of total or near-total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer. Replacement and suppressive therapy are necessary in these patients. Thyroid hormone suppression therapy has shown to be accompanied by a decreased risk of disease progression and recurrence; however, it may also be associated with increased risk of dysrhythmia and loss of bone mass. Therefore, the intensity of TSH suppression must be established in a personalized way after balancing risk and benefits, according to the severity of the thyroid cancer, the response to therapy, and
BAO, CHANGSHUN; YANG, FUBING; LIU, LIANG; WANG, BING; LI, DINGJUN; GU, YINGJIANG; ZHANG, SHULING; CHEN, LIGANG
The aim of this study was to evaluate the curative effects of various surgical procedures on Chiari I malformation (CMI) complicated with syringomyelia. A total of 185 patients with CMI complicated with syringomyelia who received treatment between January 1997 and December 2011 were recruited. All patients underwent posterior fossa decompression in which the lamina of the first cervical vertebra was removed, with the removal of the second or third depending on the severity of the cerebellar tonsil herniation. Of the patients, 76 underwent large-bone-window decompression and duraplasty, while 109 underwent small-bone-window decompression, displaced cerebellar tonsil resection and duraplasty. The curative effects of the different surgical procedures were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical symptoms were eliminated or improved in 156 patients (84.3%) by the time of discharge from hospital. A total of 148 patients were evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which revealed that the cisterna magna was reconstructed in 92 patients and spinal syrinx was reduced in 75. Follow-up was performed on 147 patients (79.5%) for between 3 months and 12 years. During the follow-up, symptoms were eliminated or improved in 110 patients (74.8%), not improved in 26 (17.7%) and deteriorated in 11 (7.5%). MRI was performed on 95 patients during follow-up examinations and the cisterna magna was reconstructed in 87 patients and spinal syrinx was reduced in 79. Small-bone-window decompression plus duraplasty is an effective surgical procedure for treating CMI complicated with syringomyelia and intraoperative cerebellar tonsillectomy significantly aids patient recovery. PMID:23251294
Dobran, Mauro; Iacoangeli, Maurizio; Nocchi, Niccolò; Di Rienzo, Alessandro; di Somma, Lucia Giovanna Maria; Nasi, Davide; Colasanti, Roberto; Al-Fay, Mohuammad; Scerrati, Massimo
Objective and Background: The objective of this study is to evaluate how the neurological outcome in patients operated for cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) is influenced by surgical timing, admission American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading system, and age. Materials and Methods: From January 2004 to December 2011, we operated 110 patients with cervical SCI. Fifty-seven of them (44 males and 13 females) with preoperative neurological deficit, were included in this study with a complete follow-up. Age, sex, associated comorbidities (evaluated with Charlson comorbidity index [CCI]), mechanism of trauma, preoperative and follow-up ASIA score, time elapsed from injury to surgical treatment, preoperative cervical computed tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging, type of fractures, and surgical procedure were evaluated for each patient. The patient population was divided into two groups related to the timing of surgery: Ultra-early surgery group (within 12 h from the trauma, 27 patients) and early surgery (within 12–72 h from the trauma, 30 patients). Statistical Analysis Used: The univariate analysis of data was carried out by the Chi-square test for discrete variables, the t-test for the continuous ones. Logistic regression was used for the multivariate analysis. Results: Neurological outcome was statistically better in ultra-early surgery group (<12 h) than in patient underwent surgery within 12–72 h (82.14% vs. 31%, multivariate analysis P = 0.005). The neurological improvement was also correlated with the age and the ASIA grade at admission in the univariate analysis (P = 0.006 and P = 0.017 respectively) and in the multivariate 1 (P = 0.037 and P = 0.006 respectively) while the CCI was correlated with the improvement only in the univariate analysis (P = 0.007). Conclusion: Nowadays, in patients with cervical SCI early surgery could be associated with improved outcome, most in case of young people with mild neurological impairment. PMID:26396608
Karube, Norihisa; Yasuda, Shota; Miyamoto, Takuma; Matsuki, Yusuke; Isoda, Susumu; Goda, Motohiko; Suzuki, Shinichi; Masuda, Munetaka; Imoto, Kiyotaka
Objectives: We report the pathophysiology and treatment results of type A acute aortic dissection from our 20-year experience. Methods: We studied 673 patients with type A acute aortic dissection who underwent initial treatment from 1994 through July 2014. We divided these patients into two groups. The former group comprised 448 patients from 1994 through 2008, and the latter group comprised 225 patients from 2009 onward, when the current strategy of initial treatment and surgical technique including the early organ reperfusion therapies were established. Results: Women were significantly often presented than men in patients over 60 years of age. Thrombosed-type dissection accounted for more than half in patients over 70 years, and significantly often complicated pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade than patent type. Malperfusion occurred in 26% of patients. Central repair operations were performed in 579 patients. In-hospital mortality for all patients was 15%, and for the patients who underwent central repair operations was 10%. Former period of operation, malperfusion, and preoperative cardiopulmonary arrest were significant risk factor of in-hospital death. Preoperative left main trunk (LMT) stents were placed in eight patients and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) intervention was performed in five, they were effective to improve the outcome. From 2009 onward, in-hospital mortality was 5.0% and there was no significant risk factor. Conclusion: Surgical results of type A acute aortic dissection were dramatically improved in the past 20 years. Early reperfusion strategy for the patients with malperfusion improved the outcomes. (This article is a translation of Jpn J Vasc Surg 2015; 24: 127–134.) PMID:27738456
Gökalp, Mehmet Ata; Gözen, Abdurrahim; Ünsal, Seyyid Şerif; Önder, Haci; Güner, Savaş
BACKGROUND An osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that tends to be <1 cm in size. The tumor is characterized by night-time pain that may be relieved by aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Osteoid osteoma can be treated with various conservative and surgical methods, but these have some risks and difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to present an alternative treatment method for osteoid osteoma and the results we obtained. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period from 2010 to 2014, 10 patients with osteoid osteoma underwent nidus excision by using a safe alternative method in an operating room (OR) with no computed tomography (CT). The localization of the tumor was determined by use of a CT-guided Kirschner wire in the radiology unit, then, in the OR the surgical intervention was performed without removing the Kirschner wire. RESULTS Following the alternative intervention, all the patients were completely relieved of pain. In the follow-up, no recurrence or complication occurred. CONCLUSIONS The presented alternative method for treating osteoid osteoma is an efficient and practical procedure for surgeons working in clinics that lack specialized equipment.
Gökalp, Mehmet Ata; Gözen, Abdurrahim; Ünsal, Seyyid Şerif; Önder, Haci; Güner, Savaş
Background An osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that tends to be <1 cm in size. The tumor is characterized by night-time pain that may be relieved by aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Osteoid osteoma can be treated with various conservative and surgical methods, but these have some risks and difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to present an alternative treatment method for osteoid osteoma and the results we obtained. Material/Methods In the period from 2010 to 2014, 10 patients with osteoid osteoma underwent nidus excision by using a safe alternative method in an operating room (OR) with no computed tomography (CT). The localization of the tumor was determined by use of a CT-guided Kirschner wire in the radiology unit, then, in the OR the surgical intervention was performed without removing the Kirschner wire. Results Following the alternative intervention, all the patients were completely relieved of pain. In the follow-up, no recurrence or complication occurred. Conclusions The presented alternative method for treating osteoid osteoma is an efficient and practical procedure for surgeons working in clinics that lack specialized equipment. PMID:26898923
Vitale, Salvatore Giovanni; Valenti, Gaetano; Gulino, Ferdinando Antonio; Cignini, Pietro; Biondi, Antonio
Endometrial cancer is now the most common gynecologic malignancy. We investigate on new scientific evidences in endometrial cancer, particularly underlined updates in advanced endometrial cancer. Early stage endometrial cancer is the most frequent presentation; however, advanced endometrial cancer that occurs in 3-13 % of cases has bad prognosis. There are two types of endometrial cancer different in molecular pattern, therapeutic strategy and prognosis. Type I endometrial cancers develop in an environment of unopposed estrogen and often arise out of endometrial hyperplasia, characterized by mutations in the PTEN gene, K-ras, and microsatellite instability inception. Type II cancer is not an estrogen-related cancer, occurs predominantly in postmenopausal women, shows typical mutations in p53 and HER2/neu and has a poor prognosis. Preoperative characterization of the type's disease is an essential step for a right diagnosis and treatment. All patients should undergo to surgical staging, except those who are inoperable, according to FIGO recommendation. Surgical debulking, neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval debulking can be strategy options.
Thurmond, Portia; Bose, Sanchita; Lerner, Lori B
Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) is a surgical approach for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Limited evidence suggests laser ablation/vaporization is inferior to enucleation with respect to reoperation rates. Our objective was to determine if properly performed laser ablation results in outcomes similar to enucleation. A total of 198 patients with moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms and/or acute urinary retention had holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) or HoLAP between 2008 and 2014. Patients with metastatic prostate cancer, prior pelvic radiation, or bladder cancer involving the bladder neck or prostatic urethra were excluded. All procedures involved residents and were supervised by one experienced surgeon. The decision to perform HoLAP versus HoLEP was made intraoperatively. Demographics, pre, peri and postoperative data were collected. A total of 169 men were analyzed: 54 had HoLAP and 115 had HoLEP. Mean follow up was 27.16 months for HoLAP, and 38.18 months for HoLEP. As expected, the HoLEP group had larger prostates, longer mean operative times, and greater reduction in total PSA. There was no difference in the net change of flow rate between groups. Both HoLEP and HoLAP are appropriate surgical interventions for the management of BPH, when properly performed. Our findings suggest that adequate ablation of prostatic adenoma results in similar 2 year outcomes as enucleation.
Kim, Jung Taek; Jeong, Hyung Jun; Lee, Soong Joon; Kim, Hee Joong
Purpose Atypical femoral fracture (AFF), periprosthetic femoral fracture (PPFF) and femoral nonunion (FNU) are recalcitrant challenges for orthopedic surgeons. Teriparatide (TPTD) had been demonstrated to have anabolic effects on bone in various studies. We postulated that adjuvant TPTD after operation would enhance biologic stimulation for bone formation. We investigated (1) whether the adjuvant TPTD could achieve satisfactory union rate of surgically challenging cases such as displaced AFF, PPFF and FNU; (2) whether the adjuvant TPTD could promote development of abundant callus after surgical fixation; (3) whether the adjuvant TPTD had medically serious adverse effects. Materials and Methods Thirteen patients who agreed to off label use of TPTD in combination of operation were included in this retrospective case series. Median patients' age was 68.7 years, and there were three male and ten female patients. Their diagnoses were nonunion in six patients and acute fracture in seven. Medical records and radiographic images were reviewed. Results Twelve of thirteen fractures were united both clinically and radiologically within a year after adjuvant TPTD. Union completed radiologically median 5.4 months and clinically 5.7 months after the medication, respectively. Callus appeared abundantly showing median 1.4 of fracture healing response postoperatively. There was no serious adverse reaction of medication other than itching, muscle cramp, or nausea. Conclusion Even appropriate surgical treatment is a mainstay of treatment for AFF, PPFF, and FNU, the current report suggested that adjuvant TPTD combined with stable fixation results in satisfactory outcome for the challenging fractures of femur. PMID:27777917
Nonaka, Yoichi; Fukushima, Takanori; Watanabe, Kentaro; Friedman, Allan H; Cunningham, Calhoun D; Zomorodi, Ali R
Increasing numbers of patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) have been treated with focused-beam stereotactic radiation treatment (SRT) including Gamma knife, CyberKnife, X-knife, Novalis, or proton beam therapy. The purpose of this study was to document the incidence of tumor regrowth or symptoms that worsened or first developed following SRT and to discuss surgical strategies for patients who have failed SRT for VS. A consecutive series of 39 patients with SRT failed VS were surgically treated. Clinical symptoms, tumor regrowth at follow-up, intraoperative findings, and surgical outcome were evaluated. There were 15 males and 24 females with a mean age of 51.8 years. Thirty-six patients (92.3%) demonstrated steady tumor growth after SRT. Two (5.1%) patients with slight increase of the mass underwent surgical resection because of development of unbearable facial pain. Symptoms that worsened or newly developed following SRT in this series were deafness (41%), dizziness (35.9%), facial numbness (25.6%), tinnitus (20.5%), facial nerve palsy (7.7%), and facial pain (7.7%). Intraoperative findings demonstrated fibrous changes of the tumor mass, cyst formation, and brownish-yellow or purple discoloration of the tumor capsule. Severe adhesions between the tumor capsule and cranial nerves, vessels, and the brainstem were observed in 69.2%. Additionally, the facial nerve was more fragile and irritable in all cases. Gross total resection (GTR) was achieved in 33.3% of patients, near-total resection (NTR) in 35.9%, and subtotal resection (STR) in 30.8% of patients. New facial nerve palsy was seen in seven patients (19.4%) postoperatively. Our findings suggest that patients with VS who fail SRT with either tumor progression or worsening of clinical symptoms will have an increased rate of adhesions to the neurovascular structures and may have radiation-influenced neuromalacia. Salvage surgery of radiation-failed tumors is more difficult and will have a higher risk of
A case report is presented which demonstrates the effectiveness of comprehensive orthodontic treatment combined with orthognathic surgery in the correction of malocclusion and reduction in the sequelae of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). The patient's severe OSA was improved to very mild as evaluated by full overnight polysomnogram. The orthodontic treatment included the expansion of both dental arches and mandibular advancement surgery. There was significant improvement in the patient's sleep continuity and architecture with the elimination of obstructive apneas. PMID:27668098
Slim, K; Elbaz, V; Pezet, D; Chipponi, J
Thoracic oesophageal perforations are life-threatening conditions requiring immediate treatment. The type of treatment remains however controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the nonoperative management in this disease. Six patients were admitted in our surgical unit for thoracic oesophageal perforations during the study period. One perforation was spontaneous (Boerhaave's syndrome). One had complicated an oesophageal ulcer. Two were secondary to caustic lesions. Two were secondary to instrumental dilations. The diagnostic and therapeutic delay was < or = 1 day in 5 cases. In one case the delay was 4 days but the mediastinitis was well tolerated. The treatment was based on antibiotics, nasoesophageal tube suction, and total parenteral nutrition. There was no death in this group of patients. The mediastinitis healed in all cases. In the follow-up period two patients did not have nutritional restriction after healing. Three patients complained of oesophageal stenosis which required oesophageal replacement (n = 2) and dilation (n = 1). One neoplastic stenosis required an endoprosthesis. Nonoperative treatment is feasible and safe in selected cases of thoracic oesophageal perforations: perforations diagnosed early and confined to the mediastinum, instrumental perforations, and perforations diagnosed late but well tolerated.
Leopardi, G; Chiarella, G; Conti, S; Cassandro, E
Summary Congenital preauricular sinus is a malformation of the preauricular soft tissues with an incidence ranging between 0.1 and 0.9% in Europe and the United States. It presents a high risk of recurrence when treated by a standard surgical technique (simple sinectomy), the incidence of which is reported to be between 19% and 40%. The supra-auricular approach, proposed by Prasad et al. in 1990, is easier to perform and presents a lower recurrence risk. Personal experience is presented in the treatment of congenital preauricular sinus with the supra-auricular approach as first choice or in the case of recurrence following previous standard surgery. This report includes a short review of the literature in order not only to focus on the supra-auricular approach and check the efficacy as far as concerns reduction of recurrence risk but also to contribute to a more widespread use of this method. PMID:19205595
Heaton, Todd E.; Davidoff, Andrew M.
Most children who succumb to solid malignancies do so because of the burden of metastatic disease or due to complications associated with the therapy administered to treat metastatic disease. Approximately one-quarter of children with solid tumors will present with metastatic disease, and an additional 20% ultimately develop metastatic disease, most commonly in the lung. The role of surgery in the treatment of metastatic solid tumors, given its disseminated nature, is not intuitive, yet there are circumstances in which surgical resection of metastatic disease can potentially be curative. However, the utility of surgery is very much dependent on histology, and generally is most appropriate for those malignancies with histologies that are refractory to other adjuvant therapies. PMID:27955735
Krogulec, Zbigniew; Turski, Piotr; Przepiórski, Emil; Małdyk, Paweł; Księżopolska-Orłowska, Krystyna
Functions of the ankle joint are closely connected with the gait and ability to maintain an upright position. Degenerative lesions of the joint directly contribute to postural disorders and greatly restrict propulsion of the foot, thus leading to abnormal gait. Development of total ankle replacement is connected with the use of the method as an efficient treatment of joint injuries and continuation of achievements in hip and knee surgery. The total ankle replacement technique was introduced as an alternative to arthrodesis, i.e. surgical fixation, which made it possible to preserve joint mobility and to improve gait. Total ankle replacement is indicated in post-traumatic degenerative joint disease and joint destruction secondary to rheumatoid arthritis. In this paper, total ankle replacement and various types of currently used endoprostheses are discussed. The authors also describe principles of early postoperative rehabilitation as well as rehabilitation in the outpatient setting. PMID:27407223
Rothmund, M; Diethelm, L; Brünner, H; Kümmerle, F
Experience and problems in the localization, diagnosis and surgical treatment of mediastinal parathyroid tumors are reported. Arteriography, pneumomediastinum and, especially, selective blood withdrawal with assay of parathyroid hormone, have proven valuable to the authors. Scintigram, intravital staining methods and venography are less productive. Retrosternal parathyroid tumors that can be removed from a Kocher incision should not, for practical reasons, be classified with the mediastinal tumors. The authors recommend the one-phase operation. If, after an intensive search of the neck and behind the sternum, no tumor has been found, it is advisable to incise the sternum step by step and revise the anterior mediastinum in the same session. Images Fig. 1a. Fig. 1b. Figs. 2 a and b. Fig. 3. PMID:1247311
Chiarini, Luigi; Albanese, Massimo; Anesi, Alexandre; Galzignato, Pier-Francesco; Mortellaro, Carmen; Nocini, Pierfrancesco; Bertossi, Dario
Unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) is a disorder of unknown etiology mainly seen in growing patients, which results in facial asymmetry. High condylectomy alone or in association with orthognathic surgery can improve the occlusion and the facial aesthetics. Between 2005 and 2012, a total of 5 patients underwent high condylectomy for UCH using a piezoelectric cutting device. All patients were treated postoperatively with functional rehabilitation. The long-term follow-up showed that all patients had a satisfactory temporomandibular joint articular function associated with stable occlusion without any recurrence of further condylar growth. High condylectomy in the surgical treatment of unilateral UCH seems to be the procedure of choice in growing patients. The use of a piezoelectric cutting device allows a safe and less invasive high condylectomy.
Heaton, Todd E; Davidoff, Andrew M
Most children who succumb to solid malignancies do so because of the burden of metastatic disease or due to complications associated with the therapy administered to treat metastatic disease. Approximately one-quarter of children with solid tumors will present with metastatic disease, and an additional 20% ultimately develop metastatic disease, most commonly in the lung. The role of surgery in the treatment of metastatic solid tumors, given its disseminated nature, is not intuitive, yet there are circumstances in which surgical resection of metastatic disease can potentially be curative. However, the utility of surgery is very much dependent on histology, and generally is most appropriate for those malignancies with histologies that are refractory to other adjuvant therapies. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.
ZOGOPOULOS, Panagiotis; NAKAMURA, Hajime; OZAKI, Tomohiko; ASAI, Katsunori; IMA, Hiroyuki; KIDANI, Tomoki; KADONO, Yoshinori; MURAKAMI, Tomoaki; FUJINAKA, Toshiyuki; YOSHIMINE, Toshiki
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are the most commonly encountered vascular malformation of the spinal cord and a treatable cause of progressive para- or tetraplegia. It is an elusive pathology that tends to be under-diagnosed, due to lack of awareness among clinicians, and affects males more commonly than females, typically between the fifth and eighth decades. Early diagnosis and treatment may significantly improve outcome and prevent permanent disability and even mortality. The purpose of our retrospective, single-center study was to determine the long-term clinical and radiographic outcome of patients who have received endovascular or surgical treatment of a spinal DAVF. In particular, during a 6-year period (2009–2014) 14 patients with a spinal DAVF were treated at our department either surgically (n = 4) or endovascularly (n = 10) with detachable coils and/or glue. There was no recurrence in the follow-up period (mean: 36 months, range 3–60 months) after complete occlusion with the endovascular treatment (n = 9; 90%), while only one patient (10%) had residual flow both post-treatment and at 3-month follow-up. All four surgically treated patients (100%) had no signs of residual DAVF on follow-up magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and/or angiography (mean follow-up period of 9 months). Since improvement or stabilization of symptoms may be seen even in patients with delayed diagnosis and substantial neurological deficits, either endovascular or surgical treatment is always justified. PMID:26466887
Lempainen, Lasse; Sarimo, Janne; Mattila, Kimmo; Heikkilä, Jouni; Orava, Sakari
Background Hamstring strains are among the most frequent injuries in sports, especially in events requiring sprinting and running. Distal tears of the hamstring muscles requiring surgical treatment are scarcely reported in the literature. Objective To evaluate the results of surgical treatment for distal hamstring tears. Design A case series of 18 operatively treated distal hamstring muscle tears combined with a review of previously published cases in the English literature. Retrospective study; level of evidence 4. Setting Mehiläinen Sports Trauma Research Center, Mehiläinen Hospital and Sports Clinic, Turku, Finland. Patients Between 1992 and 2005, a total of 18 athletes with a distal hamstring tear were operated at our centre. Main outcome measurements At follow‐up, the patients were asked about possible symptoms (pain, weakness, stiffness) and their return to the pre‐injury level of sport. Results The final results were rated excellent in 13 cases, good in 1 case, fair in 3 cases and poor in 1 case. 14 of the 18 patients were able to return to their former level of sport after an average of 4 months (range 2–6 months). Conclusions Surgical treatment seems to be beneficial in distal hamstring tears in selected cases. PMID:17138628
Lempainen, Lasse; Sarimo, Janne; Mattila, Kimmo; Heikkilä, Jouni; Orava, Sakari; Puddu, Giancarlo
Hamstring strains are among the most frequent injuries in sports, especially in events requiring sprinting and running. Distal tears of the hamstring muscles requiring surgical treatment are scarcely reported in the literature. To evaluate the results of surgical treatment for distal hamstring tears. A case series of 18 operatively treated distal hamstring muscle tears combined with a review of previously published cases in the English literature. Retrospective study; level of evidence 4. Mehiläinen Sports Trauma Research Center, Mehiläinen Hospital and Sports Clinic, Turku, Finland. Between 1992 and 2005, a total of 18 athletes with a distal hamstring tear were operated at our centre. At follow-up, the patients were asked about possible symptoms (pain, weakness, stiffness) and their return to the pre-injury level of sport. The final results were rated excellent in 13 cases, good in 1 case, fair in 3 cases and poor in 1 case. 14 of the 18 patients were able to return to their former level of sport after an average of 4 months (range 2-6 months). Surgical treatment seems to be beneficial in distal hamstring tears in selected cases.
Olakowski, Marek; Hładoń, Aleksandra; Seweryn, Mariusz; Ciosek, Jakub; Świątkiewicz, Wojciech
In Polish society Stereotypes about the surgeons are deeply rooted, which could really affect their relationship with the patient and the entire treatment process. The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of an opinion survey on the image of the surgeon and operative treatment. Between 1 January and 30 October 2012, 1000 patients were examined by use of a original questionnaire containing 25 questions. Results were analyzed statistically by STATISTICA test. Differences between groups were tested using Chi-square test (X2) with Yates modification, adopting the significance level α = 0.05. The study group consisted of 1000 patients, including 56% of women (n = 560) and 44% of men (n = 440). The media image of Polish surgeon was identified as positive by 78% of respondents. A majority of patients (74%) considered that the Polish surgeons had equal level of competence and skills as foreign specialists. The greatest trust of the respondents (n = 537) had surgeons in middle age (40-60 years). For the majority of patients (n = 649) a sex of the surgeon had no significance. Respondents clearly stated that a surgeon performing the operation should not have additional financial rewards. Almost all respondents in medical emergencies without hesitation declared their agreement to surgery (n = 974). Present knowledge of Polish patients about surgeons and surgical treatment is high. The surgeon has a high social prestige, respect and appreciation, and his image in the opinion of the vast majority of respondents is positive.
Caruso, Anna Maria; Pane, Alessandro; Garau, Roberto; Atzori, Pietro; Podda, Marcello; Casuccio, Alessandra; Mascia, Luigi
An accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis is important to avoid severe outcome or unnecessary surgery but management is controversial. The aim of study was to evaluate, in younger and older children, the efficacy of conservative management for uncomplicated appendicitis and the outcome of complicated forms underwent early surgery. Children with acute appendicitis were investigated by clinical, laboratory variables and abdominal ultrasound and divided in two groups: complicated and uncomplicated. Complicated appendicitis underwent early surgery; uncomplicated appendicitis started conservative treatment with antibiotic. If in the next 24-48h it was worsening, the conservative approach failed and patients underwent late surgery. A total of 362 pediatric patients were included. One hundred sixty-five underwent early appendectomy; 197 patients were at first treated conservatively: of these, 82 were operated within 24-48h for failure. The total percentage of operated patients was 68.2%. An elevated association was found between surgery and ultrasound. Conservative treatment for uncomplicated appendicitis had high percentage of success (58%). Complications in operated patients were infrequent. Our protocol was effective in order to decide which patients treat early surgically and which conservatively; specific red flags (age and onset) can identified patients at most risk of complications or conservative failure. treatment study. II. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Efunkoya, Akinwale Adeyemi; Adebola, Raphael Adetokunbo; Amole, Ibiyinka Olushola; Akhiwu, Benjamin Idemudia; Osunde, Daniel Otasowie
Introduction Quality of life (QoL) studies provide information about the impact of disease, the treatment of symptoms, and outcomes following treatment. The present study aims to evaluate the postoperative QoL of patients treated for oral cancer in a Nigerian government tertiary hospital. Materials and Methods A prospective study on consenting patients with oral cancer was undertaken at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. The subjects completed the University of Washington QoL (UW-QoL) questionnaire one day prior to surgery and postoperatively after 7 days, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. Results Sixty-eight patients with oral cancer were recruited. Of these, 38 were males, and 30 were females (male : female, 1.3 : 1). Twenty-four patients (12 males and 12 females) underwent surgery and completed postoperative QoL assessment using the UW-QoL questionnaire. Preoperative QoL mean score was 2.21, while postoperative mean scores after 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months were 3.67, 3.46, 2.82, and 2.61, respectively. Conclusion An improvement in QoL following surgical treatment for patients with oral cancer was observed. 'Appearance,' 'recreation,' and 'chewing' were identified as the most important determinants of postoperative QoL in patients with oral cancer in our study. PMID:25741464
Efunkoya, Akinwale Adeyemi; Adebola, Raphael Adetokunbo; Omeje, Kelvin Uchenna; Amole, Ibiyinka Olushola; Akhiwu, Benjamin Idemudia; Osunde, Daniel Otasowie
Quality of life (QoL) studies provide information about the impact of disease, the treatment of symptoms, and outcomes following treatment. The present study aims to evaluate the postoperative QoL of patients treated for oral cancer in a Nigerian government tertiary hospital. A prospective study on consenting patients with oral cancer was undertaken at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. The subjects completed the University of Washington QoL (UW-QoL) questionnaire one day prior to surgery and postoperatively after 7 days, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. Sixty-eight patients with oral cancer were recruited. Of these, 38 were males, and 30 were females (male : female, 1.3 : 1). Twenty-four patients (12 males and 12 females) underwent surgery and completed postoperative QoL assessment using the UW-QoL questionnaire. Preoperative QoL mean score was 2.21, while postoperative mean scores after 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months were 3.67, 3.46, 2.82, and 2.61, respectively. An improvement in QoL following surgical treatment for patients with oral cancer was observed. 'Appearance,' 'recreation,' and 'chewing' were identified as the most important determinants of postoperative QoL in patients with oral cancer in our study.
Blanco, J A; Martínez-Mora, J; Granada, M; Toran, N; Isnard, R M; Castellví, A; Casasa, J M
The Mixed Gonadal Dysgenesis represents the 7.6% of all our patients with intersexual states. We report 14 patients who present Mixed Gonadal Dysgenesis. We have studied: diagnosis age; external genitalia description; sex assigned in birth and if has changed; the karyotype; sex chromatine; hormonal study; genitography; internal genitalia and internal Mullerians ducts structures; gonadal histologycal study; surgical treatment and hormonal treatment. The results show that 50% of the cases presents a 46XY karyotype and the other 50% mosaicisme 45XO/46XY. The histological study is very distinctive. A vulvovagynoplasty and clitoroplasty was made in all the cases. Four patients must follow an hormonal treatment after reaching puberal age. Summing up, with patients having ambiguous genitalia we can suspect it consists of a Mixed Gonadal Dysgenesis. The diagnosis must be precocious. And this diagnosis will be based in an ambiguous genitalia, with a karyotype 46XY or 45XO/46XY, the persistence of the internal Müllerian duct structures, and the histological study with a dysgenetic testis. These patients should be raised as females because they can obtain a good morphological and functional development like a normal female.
Polidori, G; Renard, Y; Lorimier, S; Pron, H; Derruau, S; Taiar, R
The purpose of this case report is to highlight for the first time the way Medical Infrared Thermography can be a helpful tool to assist the surgeon in the surgical treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa inflammatory disease. A 36-year-old man with a 7-year history of Hidradenitis Suppurativa presented inflammatory nodules in the left axilla area corresponding to Hurley stage II. Choice is made to surgically treat this patient using a wide excision protocol combined with a postoperative second intention healing. For the study purpose, an IR FLIR SC620 camera (FLIR Systems, Wilsonville, OR), having a high resolution pixel detector of 640×480 pixels for greater accuracy and higher resolution, has been used. For the first time in the literature, this case report on HS disease supports the idea that real-time medical infrared thermography may be helpful in establishing the true extent of disease preoperatively in the surgical room and in a similar manner, that this technique allows the surgeon to ensure all diseased lesions are removed during surgery. At least, medical infrared thermography seems to be a powerful tool to control the final wide surgical wound, in order to minimize recurrence risk of such a disease. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
Tarashchenko, Yu N; Bolgov, M Yu
The results of surgical treatment of the thyroid gland diseases were analyzed, including the specific morbidity rate, cosmetic effect of the operation, stationary treatment of patients duration, the operation radicalism. Improvement of the operation methods and introduction of modern electric surgical instruments have permitted to reduce the operation duration, the surgical access length, the rate of postoperative hypocalcaemia occurrence, duration of the patients stationary treatment.
Wang, Chao; Han, Guoqiang; You, Chao; Liu, Chuangxi; Wang, Jun; Xiong, Yunbiao
Intracranial arachnoid cysts (IAC) are benign congenital cystic lesions filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This study evaluated microsurgical craniotomy and endoscopy in the surgical treatment of IAC. Eight-one consecutive pediatric patients with IAC were surgically treated between January 2004 and January 2011. The surgical procedures included microsurgical craniotomy and endoscopy. Symptoms at presentation, location of IAC, surgical treatment options, and effectiveness were evaluated. There were 43 males and 38 females and the mean age was 8.7 years (range between 1 month and 14 years) at the time of surgery. The cyst location was supratentorial in 72 patients and infratentorial in 9 patients, arachnoid cyst were identified. Follow-up period ranged between 2 and 8 years. Of the 49 patients with headache 83.67% of patients had cure and 10.2% had significant improvement. Of the eight patients with hydrocephalus and gait disturbances, six (75%) had complete total relief of symptoms and two (25%) patients had significant improvement. Four of the six patients with cognitive decline and weakness showed improvement. Of the 18 patients with epilepsy seizure freedom was: Engle class I grade I in 14 (77.78%) patients; class II in 2 (11.11%) patients; and class III in 2 (11.11%) patients. Follow-up studies from 2 to 8 years showed that headache was cured in 41 of the 49 cases (83.67%), significantly improved in 5 cases (10.20%), and showed no variation in 3 cases (6.12%). Hydrocephalus and gait disturbances were controlled in six of the eight cases (75.00%) and significantly improved in two cases (25.00%). Cognitive decline and weakness were obviously improved in four of the six cases (66.67%) and exhibited no variation in two cases (33.33%). According to the Engle standard, the following results were obtained from 18 patients with epilepsy: Grade I in 14 cases (77.78%); grade II in 2 cases (11.11%); and grade III in 2 cases (11.11%). Eleven cases with local or general
... Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation; Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Availability... Ablation Devices for Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation.'' This guidance provides FDA's recommendations on clinical trial designs for surgical ablation devices intended for the treatment of atrial...
Beck, Jennifer J; Tepolt, Frances A; Miller, Patricia E; Micheli, Lyle J; Kocher, Mininder S
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a cause of leg pain in running athletes and is treated with fasciotomy after failure of nonoperative management. CECS is being seen with increased frequency in younger patients. The demographics and outcomes of fasciotomy for CECS in pediatric patients, including risk factors for treatment failure, have not been described. To describe characteristics of pediatric patients with CECS and determine surgical outcomes of the condition in this population. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. A retrospective review was performed for patients 18 years and younger treated surgically for CECS with compartment release at a single institution from 1995 to 2014. Demographic and condition characteristics, operative procedure, postoperative course, and clinical outcomes were recorded for 286 legs of 155 patients. Compartment pressure testing using the Pedowitz criteria confirmed the diagnosis in all patients. A total of 155 patients were included in the study (average patient age at presentation, 16.4 ± 1.38 years); 136 (88%) were female. All 155 patients presented with leg pain; of these patients, 8 (5%) also had neurologic symptoms, and 131 (85%) presented with bilateral symptoms requiring bilateral compartment release. Symptoms were chronic in nature, with duration over 1 year in 63% of patients. The primary sport was most commonly reported as running (25%), soccer (23%), or field hockey (12%); 50% of patients were multisport athletes. Of 286 legs, 138 (48%) had only anterior and/or lateral compartments released, while 84 (29.4%) had all 4 compartments released. Documented return to sport was seen in 79.5% of patients. Outcomes analysis was performed for 250 of 286 legs. Of these 250 legs, 47 (18.8%) had recurrent CECS requiring reoperation at a median of 1.3 years (interquartile range, 0.8-3.5) after initial compartment release. For each additional month between presentation and release, the odds of recurrence decreased by 12
Avdaj, Afrim; Namani, Sadie
Management option of hepatic echinococcosis represents a major challenge for a surgeon. The aim of the study was to evaluate surgical treatment of patients with hepatic echinococcosis at the surgery department of the regional hospital in Prizren (Kosovo). The medical records of 22 patients operated for hepatic echinococcosis in our department during a four year study period (2009-2013) were retrospectively reviewed. Apart from the total of 5850 operated patients, 22 cases were diagnosed for liver echinococcosis (0.4%). The most affected age group was from 26 to 50 years (54.5%). Female gender, 16 cases (73%), and patients living in rural places, 14 patients (64%), dominated significantly. The most affected region was Municipality of Dragash. All patients underwent ultrasonography, 13 patients underwent CT scans and 5 patients MRI of abdomen. The mean preoperative ultrasonographic diameter of cysts was 9.5 cm and maximal 21 cm. Cysts were most often localized in right hepatic lobe (77%) and subcostal laparotomy was most commonly performed (82%). The performed surgical procedures were: endocystectomy and partial pericystectomy with omentoplication according to Papadimitris (73%), endocystectomy and capitonnage and endocystectomy with external drainage (14%). The laparoscopic approach was used only in one patient. In conclusion, hepatic echinococosis was not common among operated patients at our surgery department. Subcostal laparotomy with endocystectomy and partial pericystectomy with omentoplication according to Papadimitris was most commonly used. Exact distribution of echinococcosis is needed to be analyzed with a larger cohort study including all surgery units in the country and with a longer monitoring.
Karanas, Yvonne L; Leong, Darren S; Da Lio, Andrew; Waldron, Kathleen; Watson, James P; Chang, Helena; Shaw, William W
The incidence of breast cancer is increasing each year. Concomitantly, cosmetic breast augmentation has become the second most often performed cosmetic surgical procedure. As the augmented patient population ages, an increasing number of breast cancer cases among previously augmented women can be anticipated. The surgical treatment of these patients is controversial, with several questions remaining unanswered. Is breast conservation therapy feasible in this patient population and can these patients retain their implants? A retrospective review of all breast cancer patients with a history of previous augmentation mammaplasty who were treated at the Revlon/UCLA Breast Center between 1991 and 2001 was performed. During the study period, 58 patients were treated. Thirty patients (52 percent) were treated with a modified radical mastectomy with implant removal. Twenty-eight patients (48 percent) underwent breast conservation therapy, which consisted of lumpectomy, axillary lymph node dissection, and radiotherapy. Twenty-two of the patients who underwent breast conservation therapy initially retained their implants. Eleven of those 22 patients (50 percent) ultimately required completion mastectomies with implant removal because of implant complications (two patients), local recurrences (five patients), or the inability to obtain negative margins (four patients). Nine additional patients experienced complications resulting from their implants, including contracture, erosion, pain, and rupture. The data illustrate that breast conservation therapy with maintenance of the implant is not ideal for the majority of augmented patients. Breast conservation therapy with explantation and mastopexy might be appropriate for rare patients with large volumes of native breast tissue. Mastectomy with immediate reconstruction might be a more suitable choice for these patients.
Santo, Marco Aurelio; Domene, Carlos Eduardo; Riccioppo, Daniel; Barreira, Lian; Takeda, Flavio Roberto; Pinotti, Henrique Walter
About 9% of the Brazilian population has gallstones and the incidence increases significantly with aging. The choledocholithiasis is found around 15% of these patients, and a third to half of these cases presented as asymptomatic. Once the lithiasis in the common bile duct is characterized through intraoperative cholangiography, the laparoscopic surgical exploration can be done through the transcystic way or directly through choledochotomy. To evaluate the results and outcomes of the laparoscopic treatment of common bile duct lithiasis. Seventy consecutive patients were evaluated. They prospectively underwent the treatment of the lithiasis in the common bile duct and the exploration ways were compared according to the following parameters: criteria on their indication, success in the clearance, surgical complications. It was verified that about ½ of the choledocholithiasis carriers did not show any expression of predictive factors (clinical antecedents of jaundice and/or acute pancreatitis, compatible sonographic data and the pertaining lab tests). The laparoscopic exploration through the transcystic way is favored when there are no criteria for the practice of primary choledochotomy, which are: lithiasis in the proximal bile duct, large (over 8 mm) or numerous calculi (multiple calculosis). The transcystic way was employed in about 50% of the casuistic and the choledochotomy in about 30%. A high success rate (around 80%) was achieved in the clearance of the common bile duct stones through laparoscopic exploration. The transcystic way, performed without fluoroscopy or choledochoscopy, attained a low rate of success (around 45%), being 10% of those by transpapilar pushing of calculi less than 3 mm. The exploration through choledochotomy, either primary or secondary, if the latter was performed after the transcystic route failure, showed high success rate (around 95%). When the indication to choledochotomy was primary, the necessity for choledochoscopy through
Chi, Lei-Ting; Li, Cheng; Zhang, Dong; Li, Zhi; Huang, Bo; Zhang, Ting-Jiu; Yu, Ming; Wang, Ping-Xi
To observe and evaluate the clinical effects of surgical treatment for the accessory navicular syndrome with simple excision. From November 2006 to December 2008, 23 patients (twenty-five feet) with accessory navicular syndrome received simple excision of the accessory navicular bone. The chief complains were intermittent pain of feet after running or walking. Physical examination showed local tenderness on palpation in the region of the navicular bone. X-ray or CT showed there was an accessory navicular bone. The present history ranged from 6 months to 12 years. There were 14 males and 9 females. The mean age was 14.6 years, ranging from 8 to 35 years. About 2 cm long incision was made at the tip of the medial prominence of the navicular bone. After partial dissection of the posterior tibial tendon, the accesssory navicular bone was exposed and excisied. The prominence of the tuberosity of the navicular bone was cut and shaved. The posterior tibial tenden was repaired before closing the wound. The foot was immobilized with cast or brace in inversion position and no weight-bearing for 2 weeks. Strenuous jumping or dancing must be avoided in 3 months after surgery. The patients with residual symptoms and signs received physical therapy and an arch support for shoes without flatfoot deformity. The average clinical follow-up during was 12 month (ranged, 3 to 18 months). The excellent results in 21 feet and good in 4 feet (3 feet with mild flat deformity and 1 foot with old sprain injury). The average hospital stay was 5 days and no wound infection occurred. All patients resumed the normal life and study after operation. Surgical treatment of the accessory navicular syndrome with simple excision has the advantages of less invasive to the posterior tibial tenden and the medial longitudinal arch of the foot, shorter time of immobilization of the foot and stay in hospital, small incision and good clinical results. This procedure is one of the best selective treatments for
Jiam, Nicole Tin-Lok; Goldberg, Andrew N.; Murr, Andrew H.
Background: The sinus lift (or sinus augmentation) is a common procedure to improve maxillary bone stock before dental implantation. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a potential complication of this procedure and may be refractory to medical treatment. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has previously been used to address CRS, however, results of previous studies indicated that implant removal is required. There are limited follow-up data available. Objective: The purpose of this study was to characterize the long-term outcomes and efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for refractory CRS after sinus lift, including the ability to salvage dental implants. Methods: This was a retrospective case series that described nine patients who, between June 2011 and September 2016, underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for CRS after a sinus lift procedure. The presenting symptoms of the patients, medical management, imaging results, operative procedures, and outcomes were reviewed. Results: The majority of patients developed symptoms (mucopurulent nasal drainage, facial pain and/or pressure, nasal congestion, and foul smell) within 3 months of implant placement and were treated with at least three courses of antibiotics before referral to an otolaryngologist. All the patients underwent wide endoscopic maxillary antrostomy, with no surgical complications or postoperative reports of infection. There was a statistically significant improvement in 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test scores (t(8) = −2.908; p = 0.02) and discharge, inflammation, and polyps/edema endoscopic scores ([z = −2.539; p = 0.011) between pre- and postsurgical treatment. Four patients had their dental implants removed before presentation. Among the five patients who presented with intact dental implants, none required removal before or after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Conclusion: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was a reasonable and efficacious treatment option for patients who presented with
Jiam, Nicole Tin-Lok; Goldberg, Andrew N; Murr, Andrew H; Pletcher, Steven D
The sinus lift (or sinus augmentation) is a common procedure to improve maxillary bone stock before dental implantation. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a potential complication of this procedure and may be refractory to medical treatment. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has previously been used to address CRS, however, results of previous studies indicated that implant removal is required. There are limited follow-up data available. The purpose of this study was to characterize the long-term outcomes and efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for refractory CRS after sinus lift, including the ability to salvage dental implants. This was a retrospective case series that described nine patients who, between June 2011 and September 2016, underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for CRS after a sinus lift procedure. The presenting symptoms of the patients, medical management, imaging results, operative procedures, and outcomes were reviewed. The majority of patients developed symptoms (mucopurulent nasal drainage, facial pain and/or pressure, nasal congestion, and foul smell) within 3 months of implant placement and were treated with at least three courses of antibiotics before referral to an otolaryngologist. All the patients underwent wide endoscopic maxillary antrostomy, with no surgical complications or postoperative reports of infection. There was a statistically significant improvement in 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test scores (t(8) = -2.908; p = 0.02) and discharge, inflammation, and polyps/edema endoscopic scores ([z = -2.539; p = 0.011) between pre- and postsurgical treatment. Four patients had their dental implants removed before presentation. Among the five patients who presented with intact dental implants, none required removal before or after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was a reasonable and efficacious treatment option for patients who presented with paranasal sinus disease after a sinus lift. Dental implant
Shaw, Brian A; Hosalkar, Harish S
Orthopaedic surgeons working in the Americas may be consulted in the care of patients bitten by venomous rattlesnakes (genus Crotalus ), particularly with regard to the possibilities of compartment syndrome and soft-tissue destruction. Despite considerable evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of antivenin in the treatment of rattlesnake bites in adults, controversy persists regarding the roles of antivenin and surgery in the treatment of rattlesnake envenomations in children. Our hypothesis is that aggressive use of antivenin is just as effective and safe for children as it is for adults. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of twenty-four consecutive patients who had been managed at our hospital because of a bite from a western diamondback rattlesnake. Nineteen of the twenty-four patients had been envenomated. The uniformity of collected data was facilitated by the use of an intensive-care-unit protocol during the ten-year period that was reviewed. A questionnaire was developed for long-term follow-up. Aggressive use of polyvalent equine antivenin safely prevented the need for surgery in sixteen of the nineteen envenomated patients. Of the three patients who had surgical treatment, two were managed with limited soft-tissue debridement and one was managed with a fasciotomy of the leg because of a compartment syndrome that occurred when adequate antivenin was withheld. No serious adverse effects were noted in association with the antivenin, and no functional impairments were noted at the time of discharge. Antivenin, rather than surgery, is the proper initial treatment of severe rattlesnake envenomations in children.
Pogosian, Iu M; Arutiunian, A A; Pogosian, A Iu; Lalaian, B K
Apicotomy of 105 teeth of 78 patients with chronic periodontitis has been performed. The periapical defect were filled with two kinds of osteoplastic matter: the first group was treated with demineralised bone matrix of newborn pigs (DBMNP), the second group with artificial hydroxyapatite, while both matters were enriched with platelet rich plazma (PRP).As a third, control group, cases. The defects of which were not filled with osteoplastic matter, were investigated. The dynamics of the regeneration of bone defects was studied based on the data of densitometric investigation. The results of objective observations have revealed high efficiency of surgical treatment of chronic periodontitis with the filling with DBMNP in combination with PRP.
Gasthuys, F; Steenhaut, M; De Moor, A; Sercu, K
Eighty-five male cattle with urethral obstruction due to urolithiasis were treated by surgery. In most cases local anaesthetic techniques combined with sedation were applied to the dorsally recumbent animals. The penis was transected and transposed in animals with a ruptured urethra. A ruptured bladder was repaired by a paramedian abdominal approach. The bladder was fistulated through the ventral abdominal wall when no alternative treatment was possible. Complications related to the different surgical interventions are described. Only 35.3 per cent of the animals recovered satisfactorily.
Swanson, K C; Pritchard, D J; Sim, F H
Nearly every malignant neoplasm has been described as having the capability to metastasize to bone. Of the estimated 1.2 million new cases of cancer diagnosed annually, more than 50% will eventually demonstrate skeletal metastasis. Advances in systemic and radiation therapy have led to a considerable improvement in the prognosis of patients with metastatic disease. As a result, orthopaedic surgeons are being asked with increasing frequency to evaluate and treat the manifestations of skeletal metastases. The femur is commonly the site of large impending lesions and complete pathologic fractures. Although the health status of some patients may preclude operative intervention, established pathologic fractures of the femur and metastatic lesions deemed likely to progress to imminent fracture generally should be treated surgically. A rational approach to selection of the proper treatment for these problems includes consideration of the patient's overall medical condition and the type, location, size, and extent of the tumor. Treatment principles are the same regardless of location. A construct should ideally provide enough stability to allow immediate full weight bearing with enough durability to last the patient's expected lifetime. All areas of weakened bone should be addressed at the time of surgery in anticipation of disease progression. To minimize disease progression and possible implant or internal fixation failure, postoperative external-beam irradiation should be considered.
Chuanyu, Sun; Ke, Xu; Jie, Zheng; Guowei, Xia; Zujun, Fang
Penile verrucous carcinoma is a rare, well-differentiated and low-grade tumor. The surgeons are deficiently aware about the biological behavior and the clinicopathological characteristic of this disease, which raises difficulties during the treatment. In our present study, the clinical and pathological data of 11 patients with penile verrucous carcinoma, aged between 49 to 85 years was retrospectively analyzed. The tumors exhibited exophytic, papillary, caulifower-like or verrucose lesions of great dimensions measuring between 2 to 10 cm on the penises. The tumors were located at glans in 6 cases, invaded the coronoid sulcus in 4 cases and invaded the shaft of the penis in 1 case. Eight cases underwent partial penectomy, while the other 3 were treated with local excision. The diagnosis of penile verrucous carcinoma was confirmed by histopathologic examination of the specimens with the negative surgical margins in all the cases. Within the period of 12 to 60 months of follow-up, all the patients were disease-free with no case of recurrence and metastasis. The novel knowledge and experience of the treatment of penile verrucous carcinoma will be a useful clinical guide for surgeons in the future. PMID:22346275
Song, Deyong; Chen, Zhong; Song, Dewei
Isthmic spondylolisthesis, which is demonstrated in 4%-6% of the general population, is one of the most common types of spondylolisthesis. However, double-level isthmic spondylolisthesis is extremely rare. Only a few reports have examined the outcomes of surgical treatment of double-level spondylolisthesis. The authors present an unusual case of double-level isthmic spondylolisthesis of the lumbar spine. The patient had low-back pain for 20 years and did not respond to conservative treatment. Radiographs revealed bilateral pars defects at L-4 and L-5. Grade 2 isthmic spondylolisthesis was present, both at L4-5 and at L5-S1. The patient underwent decompression, reduction, and posterior lumbar interbody fusion with autogenous bone chips from posterior decompression. At follow-up after 12 months, the patient was free of pain, slippage was corrected, and fusion was achieved. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion with posterior instrumentation and reduction may yield good functional short-term results for double-level spondylolisthesis.
Lladó, L; Fabregat, J; Baliellas, C; Gonzalez-Castillo, A; Ramos, E; Gonzalez-Vilatarsana, E; Torras, J; Rafecas, A
Biliary strictures are the most common biliary tract complication after liver transplantation. There are scarce data on the results of hepaticojejunostomy (HJ) in the management of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Thus, the role of surgery in this setting remains to be established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of surgical treatment of patients with biliary complications at our institution. We reviewed 1000 consecutive liver transplantations performed at our institution from 1984 to 2007. We used a prospectively recorded database to identify patients who underwent HJ to treat any biliary tract complication. Overall, 62 patients (6.2%) underwent HJ, 40 for an anastomotic and 7 for a non-anastomotic stricture as well as 15 for biliary leaks. Postoperative morbidity was 16%, and postoperative mortality 1.6%. There were 7 cases of anastomotic stenosis (11.3%). Four patients (5%) required retransplantation. HJ is a safe procedure to manage biliary complications after OLT. It may be the first treatment choice especially for cases with anastomotic strictures. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Taverna, Ettore; Sansone, Valerio; Battistella, Ferdinando
A description of a new technique for arthroscopic treatment of minimally displaced greater tuberosity fractures of the humerus and associated soft tissue lesions is presented. This kind of fracture is usually treated nonsurgically. However, recent evidence suggests that even a small amount of superior displacement may produce shoulder dysfunction and require a perfect surgical reduction and fixation. Moreover, any displaced fracture of the greater tuberosity presents a high rate of associated and largely undetected soft tissue lesions. To avoid underestimating accompanying soft tissue pathology, arthroscopic assessment before open treatment of greater tuberosity fractures has been suggested. In 2 earlier case reports, we described the use of an arthroscope not only to diagnose and treat a rotator cuff tear and a Bankart lesion associated with a minimally displaced greater tuberosity fracture but also to arthroscopically reduce and treat the fracture. With advancements in arthroscopy and equipment, we refined and systematized the original arthroscopic technique that we have routinely used since 1997. This article presents the new technique.
Wu, Wei-Ming; Yang, Yi; Gao, Zong-Li; Zhao, Tian-Cheng; He, Wei-Wei
To compare the surgery and conservative treatment of multiple fractured ribs, we designed a randomized controlled trial in the single center of thoracic surgery ward. After admission condition assessment (general clinical evaluation, operation condition assessment, the digital method of pain assessment), the selected multiple fractured rib patients were told to choose surgery or conservative treatment, according to the patient will undergo surgery or conservative treatment. In the acute phase, compared with conservative treatment, patients with mechanical ventilation in time (mechanical ventilation time MV) (3.7 ± 1.4 vs. 9.5 ± 4.3), ICU stay time (8.2 ± 4.3 vs. 14.6 ± 3.2), total hospitalization days (15.3 ± 6.4 vs. 26.5 ± 6.9), the incidence of pneumonia (6.7% vs. 19.1%), mortality (1.3% vs. 5.3%) and pain score on patients (3.3 vs. 5.8) of surgical treatment group were significant lower (P < 0.05). The number of tracheostomy in surgical patients with conservative treatment (4 vs. 7) was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). In chronic phase, the surgical patients compared with patients with conservative treatment in the chest wall pain (2.9 ± 1.2 vs. 5.6 ± 1.7), chest wall tension (13.3% vs. 57.3%), dyspnea (5.3% vs. 22.4%) and chest wall deformity rate (4% vs. 93.5%) were lower significantly (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the surgical treatment of multiple fractured ribs could ease the acute chest pain, reduce the mechanical ventilation time and incidence of pneumonia, shorten the hospitalization days and total hospitalization days in the ICU and alleviate the forward chest wall discomfort. The speedy recovery and long-term quality of patients’ life had improved significantly. PMID:26221350
Grønning, M; Ertzgaard, P; Myrseth, E
About 50% of patients with spinal cord injury suffer from persistent central neurogenic pain. The authors review the case of a patient with traumatic paraplegia who developed persistent central neurogenic pain. The pain was described as burning in the buttock area, icing in the rectum area and as lancinating pain to the lower extremities. The combination of amitryptilin and morphine had a slight, short-term effect, but the pain did not respond to treatment with simple analgetica, dextropropoxyphen or ketobemidone, neither administered alone nor in combination with tricyclic antidepressants, carbamazepine or baclophen. Transcutanous nerve stimulation and acupuncture had no effect. The patient was operated on by means of the computer-assisted dorsal root entry zone (DREZ)-microcoagulation technique 2.5 years after the trauma. This technique is described in brief. The prevalence and classification of neurogenic pain, and possible medical and surgical treatment, are also discussed.
Weinstein, James N.; Lurie, Jon D.; Tosteson, Tor D.; Skinner, Jonathan S.; Hanscom, Brett; Tosteson, Anna N. A.; Herkowitz, Harry; Fischgrund, Jeffrey; Cammisa, Frank P.; Albert, Todd; Deyo, Richard A.
Context For patients with lumbar disk herniation, the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) randomized trial intent-to-treat analysis showed small but not statistically significant differences in favor of diskectomy compared with usual care. However, the large numbers of patients who crossed over between assigned groups precluded any conclusions about the comparative effectiveness of operative therapy vs usual care. Objective To compare the treatment effects of diskectomy and usual care. Design, Setting, and Patients Prospective observational cohort of surgical candidates with imaging-confirmed lumbar intervertebral disk herniation who were treated at 13 spine clinics in 11 US states and who met the SPORT eligibility criteria but declined randomization between March 2000 and March 2003. Interventions Standard open diskectomy vs usual nonoperative care. Main Outcome Measures Changes from baseline in the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) bodily pain and physical function scales and the modified Oswestry Disability Index (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/MODEMS version). Results Of the 743 patients enrolled in the observational cohort, 528 patients received surgery and 191 received usual nonoperative care. At 3 months, patients who chose surgery had greater improvement in the primary outcome measures of bodily pain (mean change: surgery, 40.9 vs nonoperative care, 26.0; treatment effect, 14.8; 95% confidence interval, 10.8-18.9), physical function (mean change: surgery, 40.7 vs nonoperative care, 25.3; treatment effect, 15.4; 95% CI, 11.6-19.2), and Oswestry Disability Index (mean change: surgery, −36.1 vs nonoperative care, −20.9; treatment effect, −15.2; 95% CI, −18.5. to −11.8). These differences narrowed somewhat at 2 years: bodily pain (mean change: surgery, 42.6 vs nonoperative care, 32.4; treatment effect, 10.2; 95% CI, 5.9-14.5), physical function (mean change: surgery, 43.9 vs nonoperavtive care 31.9; treatment
Feneran, Ashley N; Kaufman, William S; Dabade, Tushar S; Feldman, Steven R
Background: Acne vulgaris is a chronic disease with several pathogenic factors. Multiple medications are typically used that can lead to nonadherence and treatment failure. Combination medications target multiple pathways of acne formation and may offer therapeutic benefit. Purpose: To explore the efficacy and tolerability of combination retinoid plus antimicrobial treatments in acne vulgaris. Methods: A PubMed and Google search was conducted for combination therapies of clindamycin and tretinoin, with secondary analysis of related citations and references. Similar searches were completed for the combination medications of benzoyl peroxide plus clindamycin or erythromycin, and for the combination therapy of adapalene and benzoyl peroxide. Results: Combination clindamycin phosphate and tretinoin gel was found to be more efficacious than monotherapy of either drug or its vehicle for acne, including inflammatory acne, and has a greater onset of action than either drug alone. Clindamycin phosphate and tretinoin gel was well-tolerated, and adherence to its use exceeded that of using both medications in separate formulations. Benzoyl peroxide-containing combination medications with clindamycin or erythromycin were both more effective in the treatment of acne than either drug alone. Both medications were well-tolerated, with dry skin being the most common adverse effect. Conclusions: Combination medications have superior efficacy and adherence, and have a similar tolerability profile compared with monotherapy of its components. Several studies have found antibiotic-containing combination products with a retinoid effective for acne. The use of antibiotic-containing combination medications for acne can lead to bacterial resistance. Due to this potential for bacterial resistance, benzoyl peroxide treatments are also recommended in combination with a retinoid. PMID:21760743
Background The objective of this randomized clinical study was to evaluate the effect of systemic administration of moxifloxacin compared to amoxicillin and metronidazole, combined with non-surgical treatment in patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) in a 6-month follow-up. Material and Methods A total of 39 systemically healthy patients with GAgP were evaluated in this randomized clinical trial. Periodontal parameters were recorded at the baseline during the 1st, 3rd and 6th month. Patients received either 400 mg of moxifloxacin per os once daily or 500 mg of metronidazole and 500 mg amoxicillin per os three times daily for 7 days consecutively. Results No significant differences between groups were found in any parameters at the baseline. Both groups led to a statistically significant decrease in all clinical periodontal parameters compared to the baseline (PI, p<0.001 and GI, PD, BOP, CAL, p<0.01). There were no differences between the 1st and 3rd months or the 3rd and 6th months for clinical parameters in the groups. Also, no intergroup difference was observed in any parameters at any time, except the gingival index at 6th months. Conclusions Systemic administration of moxifloxacin as an adjunct to non-surgical treatment significantly improves clinical outcomes and provides comparable clinical improvement with less adverse events to that of combination of amoxicillin and metronidazole in the treatment of GAgP. Key words: Aggressive periodontitis, amoxicillin, metronidazole, moxifloxacin, nonsurgical periodontal debridement. PMID:26034931
Yu, H B; Li, B; Zhang, L; Shen, S G; Wang, X D
Mandibular condylar osteochondroma (OC) results in asymmetric prognathism with facial morphology and functional disturbances. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of computer-assisted surgical planning combined with intraoperative navigation in the treatment of condylar OC. Five patients with mandibular condylar OC were enrolled in this study. Surgical planning and simulation was performed based on a computed tomography reconstruction model using SurgiCase software. Under the guidance of navigation, a condylar OC resection and conservative condylectomy was carried out via intraoral approach. Simultaneous orthognathic surgery was used to correct the facial asymmetry and malocclusion. All patients healed uneventfully. No facial nerve injury or salivary fistula occurred. Facial symmetry and morphology were greatly improved and stable occlusion was obtained in all cases. Good matching between preoperative planning and postoperative results was achieved. Patients showed no signs of recurrence or temporomandibular joint ankylosis during follow-up of 12-30 months. Computer-assisted surgical planning and intraoperative navigation is a valuable option in the treatment of mandibular condylar OC. Copyright © 2014 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Comas-Calonge, Aida; Figueiredo, Rui
Aims To determine the success rates of the surgical and non-surgical treatments in the management of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ). Material and Methods A systematic review of the literature was made. A PubMed Medline database search was performed in order to include clinical studies published in English,between2004 and 2014 with the following key-words: “BRONJ AND treatment” and “NOT osteoporosis”. The following data was gathered: authors, title, year of publication, aim of study, level of evidence, sample size, treatment performed, treatment outcomes and follow-up. Studies including more than 20 patients with at least 6 months of follow-up, and that specify the different treatment approaches and their outcomes were included. Systematic reviews were excluded.All studies were classified according to the SORT criteria (Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy). Results The initial electronic search yielded 169 papers, and 13 studies were added after a manual search (total of 182 studies). After analysing the title and abstract and removing duplicates, 31 full-texts were obtained. A total of 12 papers were finally included. Two were classified as level 3 evidence and 9 as level 2. The quality of the selected studies and the risk of bias were also reported. Conclusions Surgical treatments like sequestrectomy, surgical debridement and bone osteotomies provide successful treatment outcomes, with success rates ranging from 58 to 100%. Controlled randomized clinical trials with larger samples and longer follow-up are needed to support these findings. Key words:BRONJ, treatment. PMID:28210453
Yamamoto, Hiromichi; Kurimoto, Masanori; Hayashi, Nakamasa; Ohmori, Tomoaki; Hirashima, Yutaka; Endo, Shunro
Most cases of atlas burst fracture do not require surgical stabilization, because they can be successfully treated with external immobilization. The authors present two cases of atlas burst fracture in which surgical stabilization was required after external immobilization. The first patient was a 50-year-old male and the second patient was a 34-year-old male. Both presented with neck pain without neurological symptoms after a traffic accident. Neuroradiological examinations revealed atlas burst fracture in both patients. They were initially treated with conservative treatment; one with a rigid collar and the other with a halo vest. However, lateral offset of the atlas on the axis increased and atlanto-axial instability became evident three months later in both patients. They underwent upper cervical arthrodesis with satisfactory results. The authors review surgical indication and its timing in patients with atlas burst fracture.
Lonser, Russell R.; Wind, Joshua J.; Nieman, Lynnette K.; Weil, Robert J.; DeVroom, Hetty L.
Context: Factors influencing the outcome of surgical treatment of pediatric Cushing's disease (CD) have not been fully established. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine features influencing the outcome of surgery for pediatric CD. Design: In this prospective observational study, the clinical, imaging, endocrinological, and operative outcomes were analyzed in consecutive patients treated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 1982 through 2010. Setting: The study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. Results: Two hundred CD patients (106 females, 94 males) were included. Mean age at symptom development was 10.6 ± 3.6 years (range, 4.0 to 19.0 y). Mean age at NIH operation was 13.7 ± 3.7 years. Twenty-seven patients (13%) had prior surgery at another institution. Magnetic resonance imaging identified adenomas in 97 patients (50%). When positive, magnetic resonance imaging accurately defined a discrete adenoma in 96 of the 97 patients (99%), which was more accurate than the use of ACTH ratios during inferior petrosal sinus sampling to determine adenoma lateralization (accurate in 72% of patients without prior surgery). A total of 195 of the 200 patients (98%) achieved remission after surgery (189 [97%] were hypocortisolemic; 6 [3%] were eucortisolemic postoperatively). Factors associated with initial remission (P < .05) included identification of an adenoma at surgery, immunohistochemical ACTH-producing adenoma, and noninvasive ACTH adenoma. Younger age, smaller adenoma, and absence of cavernous sinus wall or other dural invasion were associated with long-term remission (P < .05). A minimum morning serum cortisol of less than 1 μg/dl after surgery had a positive predictive value for lasting remission of 96%. Conclusions: With rare disorders, such as pediatric CD, enhanced outcomes are obtained by evaluation and treatment at centers with substantial experience. Resection of pituitary adenomas in pediatric CD in that setting can be safe
Handa, Victoria L.; Whitcomb, Emily; Weidner, Alison C.; Nygaard, Ingrid; Brubaker, Linda; Bradley, Catherine S.; Paraiso, Marie Fidela R.; Schaffer, Joseph; Zyczynski, Halina M.; Zhang, Min; Richter, Holly E.
Objectives (1) to describe sexual function in women seeking treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI); (2) to compare the impact on sexual function of three SUI treatments; and (3) to investigate whether non-surgical treatment of SUI is associated with improved sexual function. Methods Women with SUI were randomized to continence pessary, behavioral therapy (pelvic floor muscle training and continence strategies), or combination therapy. Sexual function was assessed at baseline and 3-months using short forms of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Urinary Incontinence Sexual Function Questionnaire (PISQ-12) and the Personal Experiences Questionnaire (SPEQ). Successful treatment of SUI was assessed with a patient global impression of improvement. ANOVA was used to compare scores between groups. Results At baseline, sexual function was worse among women with mixed incontinence compared to those with pure SUI. After therapy, successful treatment of SUI was associated with greater improvement in PISQ-12 score (2.26 ± 3.24 versus 0.48 ± 3.76, p=0.0007), greater improvement in incontinence with sexual activity (0.45 ± 0.84 versus 0.01 ± 0.71, p=0.0002), and greater reduction in restriction in sexual activity related to fear of incontinence (0.32 ± 0.76 versus −0.06 ± 0.78, p=0.0008). Among those successfully treated for SUI, improvement in continence during sexual activity was greater in both the combined therapy group (p=0.019) and the behavioral group (p=0.02) compared to the pessary group. Conclusions Successful non-surgical treatment of SUI is associated with improvements in inconti