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Sample records for copying foreign policies

  1. Morality and Foreign Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kissinger, Henry

    1985-01-01

    Morality as an enduring element in United States foreign policy is discussed. In order to strengthen the steady purpose and responsible involvement of the American people, human rights policy must be presented in the context of a realistic assessment of world affairs. (RM)

  2. Foreign Policy: A Campaign Primer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenn, David

    2008-01-01

    Presidential campaigns are usually eager to provide mind-numbingly detailed domestic-policy proposals. When it comes to foreign policy, however, campaigns often prefer to operate on the plane of generality and gesture. In the absence of blueprints, journalists and tea-leaf readers scrutinize the foreign-policy advisers attached to each candidate:…

  3. Global Health and Foreign Policy

    PubMed Central

    Feldbaum, Harley; Lee, Kelley; Michaud, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    Health has long been intertwined with the foreign policies of states. In recent years, however, global health issues have risen to the highest levels of international politics and have become accepted as legitimate issues in foreign policy. This elevated political priority is in many ways a welcome development for proponents of global health, and it has resulted in increased funding for and attention to select global health issues. However, there has been less examination of the tensions that characterize the relationship between global health and foreign policy and of the potential effects of linking global health efforts with the foreign-policy interests of states. In this paper, the authors review the relationship between global health and foreign policy by examining the roles of health across 4 major components of foreign policy: aid, trade, diplomacy, and national security. For each of these aspects of foreign policy, the authors review current and historical issues and discuss how foreign-policy interests have aided or impeded global health efforts. The increasing relevance of global health to foreign policy holds both opportunities and dangers for global efforts to improve health. PMID:20423936

  4. Biotechnology's foreign policy.

    PubMed

    Feldbaum, Carl

    2002-01-01

    From its inception, biotechnology has been a uniquely international enterprise. An American and an Englishman working together elucidated the structure of DNA almost 50 years ago; more recently, the Human Genome Project linked researchers around the world, from the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston to the Beijing Human Genome Center. Today our industry's researchers hail from African villages and Manhattan high rises; from Munich and Melbourne; from London, Ontario, and London, England; from Scotland and Nova Scotia--New Scotland; from Calcutta and Calgary. But in the beginning, the infrastructure that supported these efforts--intellectual property, venture capital, streamlined technology transfer--was less widely dispersed and the world's brightest biotech researchers clustered in only half a dozen scientific Meccas. Previous technological revolutions have spread around the world. Following in their footsteps, biotechnology's global diaspora seems inevitable, especially since governments are promoting it. But as our science and business emigrate from early strongholds in the United States, Canada and Europe across oceans and borders and into new cultures, international tensions over biotechnology continue to grow. In just the last few years, controversies have rolled over R&D spending priorities, genetic patents, bioprospecting, transgenic agriculture and drug pricing. My premise today is that our industry needs to formulate its first foreign policy, one which is cognizant of the miserable judgments and mistakes of other industries--and avoids them.

  5. 22 CFR 92.79 - Procuring copies of foreign public documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... foreign officials copies of birth, death, and marriage certificates, or copies of other public records... RELATED SERVICES Copying, Recording, Translating and Procuring Documents § 92.79 Procuring copies of... pay for copies of or extracts from foreign public records obtained at the request of private...

  6. 77 FR 24452 - Foreign Ownership Policies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-24

    ... limit the flexibility of foreign investors in structuring their investments. Commenters also state that...'s goals of reducing unnecessary regulatory barriers to foreign investment that can benefit... section 310(b)(4) policy framework employs an open entry standard for foreign investment from WTO...

  7. 22 CFR 92.79 - Procuring copies of foreign public documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procuring copies of foreign public documents. 92.79 Section 92.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES NOTARIAL AND... foreign public documents. (a) Nature of services. When requested to do so by United States citizens or...

  8. American Students' Perceptions of American Foreign Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barger, Robert N.

    The perception of typical U.S. college students toward the Reagan administration's foreign policy is that it is based on the principle that Communism must be stopped at any cost. Students' beliefs are defined according to their reactions to specific U.S. foreign policy initiatives. Three areas have aroused considerable campus reaction and…

  9. Indonesia a US Foreign Policy Dilemma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1966-04-08

    THESIS XCD INDONESIA , A US FOREIGN POLICY DILEMMA By JAMES N. LOTHROP, JR. Lieutenant Colonel, Ordnance Corpfc LIBRARY JUL IS  lU^RM...ELEMENT (Thesis) INDONESIA , A US FOREIGN POLICY DILEMMA by Lt Col James N. Lothrop, Jr. Ordnance US Army War College Carlisle Barracks...policy ...... 19 3. STRATEGIC VALUE OF INDONESIA . . . . 21 Social aspects . 21 Economic aspects ..... 22 Geographic aspects 26 Military and

  10. The Criticism of Foreign Policy Argument.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Robert P.

    This survey of the state-of-the-art of research in international relations suggests that principles of sound argumentation can apply to major decisions in foreign policy. An analysis and critique of policy arguments regarding the Cuban Missile Crisis, the China-Korea-Vietnam embroilment, and the reestablishment of diplomatic relations with…

  11. Contemporary United States Foreign Policy Towards Indonesia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    thesis is the section on foreign relations, which contains an essay by the former Secretary-General of ASEAN, Rodolfo C. Severino , on Indonesia’s...Society (USINDO). Severino provides a historical perspective on Indonesia’s leadership and positive influence on the development of ASEAN since the...domestic and foreign policies, and judicious application of its diplomatic 24 skills (2003, 177). Severino notes how Indonesia’s approach towards the

  12. Perspectives on Russian Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    cabinet; see Ivan Safronov, “President controls the state defense order,” Kom- mersant, July 13, 2011; Viktor Myasnikov, “State-defense-failure: price...dawn of Putin’s presidency. For as Deputy Foreign Minister Ivan Ivanov stated in 1999: Our country is not in need of affiliation with the EU. This...Great’s time, if not since the state’s inception under Ivan III, and it continues to this day. The following exam- ples underscore this continuity

  13. 22 CFR 40.33 - Foreign policy. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Foreign policy. 40.33 Section 40.33 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Security and Related Grounds § 40.33 Foreign policy....

  14. 22 CFR 40.33 - Foreign policy. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Foreign policy. 40.33 Section 40.33 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Security and Related Grounds § 40.33 Foreign policy....

  15. 22 CFR 40.33 - Foreign policy. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Foreign policy. 40.33 Section 40.33 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Security and Related Grounds § 40.33 Foreign policy....

  16. 22 CFR 40.33 - Foreign policy. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Foreign policy. 40.33 Section 40.33 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Security and Related Grounds § 40.33 Foreign policy....

  17. 22 CFR 40.33 - Foreign policy. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Foreign policy. 40.33 Section 40.33 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Security and Related Grounds § 40.33 Foreign policy....

  18. 21 CFR 20.65 - National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false National defense and foreign policy. 20.65 Section... PUBLIC INFORMATION Exemptions § 20.65 National defense and foreign policy. (a) Records or information may... established by an Executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy;...

  19. 21 CFR 20.65 - National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false National defense and foreign policy. 20.65 Section... PUBLIC INFORMATION Exemptions § 20.65 National defense and foreign policy. (a) Records or information may... established by an Executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy;...

  20. 21 CFR 20.65 - National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false National defense and foreign policy. 20.65 Section... PUBLIC INFORMATION Exemptions § 20.65 National defense and foreign policy. (a) Records or information may... established by an Executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy;...

  1. 21 CFR 20.65 - National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false National defense and foreign policy. 20.65 Section... PUBLIC INFORMATION Exemptions § 20.65 National defense and foreign policy. (a) Records or information may... established by an Executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy;...

  2. 21 CFR 20.65 - National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false National defense and foreign policy. 20.65 Section... PUBLIC INFORMATION Exemptions § 20.65 National defense and foreign policy. (a) Records or information may... established by an Executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy;...

  3. Competing Foreign Policy Visions: Rhetorical Hybrids after the Cold War.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuckey, Mary E.

    1995-01-01

    Examines ways in which two very different political actors, George Bush and Bill Clinton, attempted to construct a new foreign policy consensus by blending the rhetorical forms of the Cold War with other foreign policy metaphors. Argues that these hybrids have not proven persuasive as justifications for American actions in foreign policy. (SR)

  4. The Underpinnings of American Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    rarest occasions the use of military force. United States foreign policy was considered self-centered if not isolationist. While its diplomacy was...Roosevelt responded in Jacksonian and forceful terms. America responded to its loss in pride, honor and blood with acts of war, only redeemed by...communicated a hard truth; “The United States of America has helped underwrite global security for more than six decades with the blood of our citizens and

  5. Foreign and Security Policy Decisionmaking Under Yeltsin,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    Yeltsin’s first term, the lack of clear lines of authority and competence in the foreign and security field led to increased rivalry between the...government and presidential bureaucracy, which actively competed with one another in an effort to shape for- eign and security policy. As one Russian...characterized by "bustle, incoherence, in- competence , and as a result, zig-zagging.ŕ The criticism came from a wide spectrum of sources, including

  6. Advancing women's status: a foreign policy goal.

    PubMed

    Albright, M

    1997-01-01

    US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright asserted in a March 1997 speech to the State Department that integrating gender issues into foreign policy forwards the interests of the US government. Albright noted that advancing the status of women is necessary to build the kind of future the US wants for the world. This cannot happen unless women have the equal access, rights, and protection necessary to contribute to society to their full potential. Advancing the status of women is crucial for realizing the goals of building peace, expanding the circle of democracy, sustaining a growing global economy, and spreading US-endorsed values. The US is incorporating concerns relating to women into the mainstream of its foreign policy by supporting foreign aid programs that expand the political and economic participation of women, increase access for women to education and health care, and augment the ability of women to protect themselves from violence and disease. This integration process means that the US will be working with other governments as well as with nongovernmental organizations and other agents of progress. This gender perspective will affect every stage from policy-making to program implementation. The US will be seeking an end to the old era of injustice and repression to make way for a new era of opportunity and full participation.

  7. Foreign Policy Choices for Americans: A Nonpartisan Guide for Voters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy L., Ed.; And Others

    Eighteen foreign policy topics are presented in this book to provide voters, officeholders, candidates, students, and teachers with background information, facts, and U.S. foreign policies. A fact list, historical background information, current administration policy, and policy alternatives are described for most of these topics. Part 1 discusses…

  8. Great Decisions 1988: Foreign Policy Issues Facing the Nation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy, Ed.

    Eight selected U.S. foreign policy issues are explored in this study and discussion guide. Issue 1, "U.S. Foreign Policy: Projecting U.S. Influence," describes United States involvement in diplomacy, military power, intelligence, trade, and foreign aid since World War II. U.S.-Mexico relations are considered in issue 2, "Mexico and…

  9. International migration, international relations and foreign policy.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, C

    1989-01-01

    Recent literature on migration, international relations, and foreign policy is reviewed in this article, stressing applications of global systems paradigms, studies of state entry and exit rules, and anatomies of domestic policy-setting processes on migration. After a concise assessment of the contemporary theory of global political economy, the paper argues for seeking mid-range generalizations on the international relations of migration. It also suggests that analysis begin with the policy-setting processes of the state. Especially through the use of comparative perspectives available from domestic policy making studies and from the field of international comparative public policy, this approach offers the opportunity to fix empirically the political roles of transnational social forces, which often present themselves as participants in domestic policy contests. Promising future directions in the study of state-to-state relations are also evaluated, with the anticipation that verifying regional or other intermediate patterns of world migration politics may contribute to more general theories of international political economy.

  10. Globalisation, health and foreign policy: emerging linkages and interests

    PubMed Central

    Owen, John Wyn; Roberts, Olivia

    2005-01-01

    A discussion of the growing links between the issues of globalisation, health and foreign policy. This article examines the effect this has on health, development and foreign policy communities in the UK and internationally and considers what steps the policy community must take to address the challenges and opportunities of this new relationship. PMID:16053520

  11. 78 FR 34702 - Foreign Affairs Policy Board Meeting Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office STATE DEPARTMENT Foreign..., 5 U.S.C. App., the Department of State announces a meeting of the Foreign Affairs Policy Board to take place on July 15, 2013, at the Department of State, Washington, DC. The Foreign Affairs...

  12. Global health in foreign policy--and foreign policy in health? Evidence from the BRICS.

    PubMed

    Watt, Nicola F; Gomez, Eduardo J; McKee, Martin

    2014-09-01

    Amidst the growing literature on global health, much has been written recently about the Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS) countries and their involvement and potential impact in global health, particularly in relation to development assistance. Rather less has been said about countries' motivations for involvement in global health negotiations, and there is a notable absence of evidence when their motivations are speculated on. This article uses an existing framework linking engagement in global health to foreign policy to explore differing levels of engagement by BRICS countries in the global health arena, with a particular focus on access to medicines. It concludes that countries' differing and complex motivations reinforce the need for realistic, pragmatic approaches to global health debates and their analysis. It also underlines that these analyses should be informed by analysis from other areas of foreign policy.

  13. Toward a Better Union: Improving the Effectiveness of Foreign Policies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    relationship between foreign policy communication and foreign entity response can be drawn. Understood in this sense as a feedback loop, there...very narrow sense of the word, when foreign policies are made “explicit” through “quantization,” they are codified in a written form that explicates...two ways, but it is my opinion that both uses are fundamentally the same. In one sense , Trust means “predictability” in that some amount of trust

  14. Simulated Foreign Policy Exchanges. The Rationale Underlying a Theory of Foreign Policy Interaction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1973-08-01

    interest to empirical psychology ; but it is irrelevant to the logical analysis of scientific knowledge. This latter is concerned not with queationa of fact...foreign policy interactions. 5. Research in psychology tends to support the notion of reci- procity. Taylor (1965) and Tognoli (1967) provide evidence...Experimental Negotiations." In J. Berger, M. Zelditch, Jr., and B. Anderson Sociological Theories in Progress. New York: Houghton Miff1 in. BRUNER

  15. Health in All (Foreign) Policy: challenges in achieving coherence.

    PubMed

    Labonté, Ronald

    2014-06-01

    Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach is generally perceived as an intersectoral approach to national or sub-national public policy development, such that health outcomes are given full consideration by non-health sectors. Globalization, however, has created numerous 'inherently global health issues' with cross-border causes and consequences, requiring new forms of global governance for health. Although such governance often includes both state and non-state (private, civil society) actors in agenda setting and influence, different actors have differing degrees of power and authority and, ultimately, it is states that ratify intergovernmental covenants or normative declarations that directly or indirectly affect health. This requires public health and health promotion practitioners working within countries to give increased attention to the foreign policies of their national governments. These foreign policies include those governing national security, foreign aid, trade and investment as well as the traditional forms of diplomacy. A new term has been coined to describe how health is coming to be positioned in governments' foreign policies: global health diplomacy. To become adept at this nuanced diplomatic practice requires familiarity with the different policy frames by which health might be inserted into the foreign policy deliberations, and thence intergovernmental/global governance negotiations. This article discusses six such frames (security, trade, development, global public goods, human rights, ethical/moral reasoning) that have been analytically useful in assessing the potential for greater and more health-promoting foreign policy coherence: a 'Health in All (Foreign) Policies' approach.

  16. Fundamentals of U.S. Foreign Policy. Public Information Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of State, Washington, DC. Bureau of Public Affairs.

    Designed to explore the interests and objectives of U.S. foreign policy, this book addresses: (1) national security and arms control; (2) economic programs and trends; (3) human rights efforts; (4) science and technological developments; (5) relationships with various world regions; and (6) the need for an adequate foreign affairs budget. Chapter…

  17. Hybrid Power: Mobility Air Forces and Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-21

    divisive term, ―smart power.‖ In order to capitalize on the potential that hybrid power has in influencing foreign policy, the entire paradigm of smart...current impact the military has in the formulation and execution of foreign policy. In order to capitalize on the potential that the military has in...military actions. The Wilsonian school, on the other hand, holds that the United States is morally obligated to spread its form of democracy and social

  18. Framing health and foreign policy: lessons for global health diplomacy

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Global health financing has increased dramatically in recent years, indicative of a rise in health as a foreign policy issue. Several governments have issued specific foreign policy statements on global health and a new term, global health diplomacy, has been coined to describe the processes by which state and non-state actors engage to position health issues more prominently in foreign policy decision-making. Their ability to do so is important to advancing international cooperation in health. In this paper we review the arguments for health in foreign policy that inform global health diplomacy. These are organized into six policy frames: security, development, global public goods, trade, human rights and ethical/moral reasoning. Each of these frames has implications for how global health as a foreign policy issue is conceptualized. Differing arguments within and between these policy frames, while overlapping, can also be contradictory. This raises an important question about which arguments prevail in actual state decision-making. This question is addressed through an analysis of policy or policy-related documents and academic literature pertinent to each policy framing with some assessment of policy practice. The reference point for this analysis is the explicit goal of improving global health equity. This goal has increasing national traction within national public health discourse and decision-making and, through the Millennium Development Goals and other multilateral reports and declarations, is entering global health policy discussion. Initial findings support conventional international relations theory that most states, even when committed to health as a foreign policy goal, still make decisions primarily on the basis of the 'high politics' of national security and economic material interests. Development, human rights and ethical/moral arguments for global health assistance, the traditional 'low politics' of foreign policy, are present in discourse but do

  19. Framing health and foreign policy: lessons for global health diplomacy.

    PubMed

    Labonté, Ronald; Gagnon, Michelle L

    2010-08-22

    Global health financing has increased dramatically in recent years, indicative of a rise in health as a foreign policy issue. Several governments have issued specific foreign policy statements on global health and a new term, global health diplomacy, has been coined to describe the processes by which state and non-state actors engage to position health issues more prominently in foreign policy decision-making. Their ability to do so is important to advancing international cooperation in health. In this paper we review the arguments for health in foreign policy that inform global health diplomacy. These are organized into six policy frames: security, development, global public goods, trade, human rights and ethical/moral reasoning. Each of these frames has implications for how global health as a foreign policy issue is conceptualized. Differing arguments within and between these policy frames, while overlapping, can also be contradictory. This raises an important question about which arguments prevail in actual state decision-making. This question is addressed through an analysis of policy or policy-related documents and academic literature pertinent to each policy framing with some assessment of policy practice. The reference point for this analysis is the explicit goal of improving global health equity. This goal has increasing national traction within national public health discourse and decision-making and, through the Millennium Development Goals and other multilateral reports and declarations, is entering global health policy discussion. Initial findings support conventional international relations theory that most states, even when committed to health as a foreign policy goal, still make decisions primarily on the basis of the 'high politics' of national security and economic material interests. Development, human rights and ethical/moral arguments for global health assistance, the traditional 'low politics' of foreign policy, are present in discourse but do

  20. A Foreign Policy for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gore, Albert, Jr.

    1988-01-01

    Presents 1988 Democratic presidential candidate, Albert Gore, Jr.'s views about the future direction of U.S. foreign policy. Discusses the U.S. role as leader of the Western world and Gore's policies for dealing with allies and the Soviet Union, while maintaining U.S. respect and power. (GEA)

  1. Human Rights and Foreign Policy. Headline Series 241.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankel, Charles

    A discussion is presented of the meaning of human rights, implications of human rights for foreign policy, and obstacles to its realization on a global scale. Chapter I identifies human rights as a critical issue, commends President Carter's initiative in this area, and points out difficulties of implementing a human rights policy. Chapter II…

  2. Foreign Language Immersion Programs and School Policy: Conflicting Agendas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson Beal, Heather K.; Haj-Broussard, Michelle; Boudreaux, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    In this position article, we explore what happens when school district policies regarding desegregation, accountability, and foreign language immersion education collide. Specifically, we contrast 2 immersion programs that experienced distinct outcomes as a result of the conflicting agendas underlying these 3 policies. One program, originally…

  3. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Policy and Procedures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-11-09

    Relative to the world economic problems, the U.S. took sev- era] steps in an attempt to stabilize the situation. The first step was the Reciprocal...Assistance Act of 1971 For the first time in the history of the Foreign Aid Program, the Senate, in 1971, refused to approve the economic aind...and rejected. The conference was deadlocked for a month over the Senate passed ammendment to the Foreign Assistance Program calling for the

  4. The Bush Doctrine: The Foreign Policy of Republican Empire

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    be other than they are (means). According to Aristotle , prudence is the virtue most characteristic of the statesman. In foreign affairs, prudence...the main issue—as is the case with foreign policy in general—is prudence, which Aristotle described as deliberating well about those things that can...is the rejection of ‘‘ moral equivalency’’ in international affairs. The Bush Doctrine unapologetically asserts the need for—and the possibility of

  5. 32 CFR Appendix F to Part 197 - Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series F Appendix F to Part 197 National Defense Department of...—Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series 1. The records...

  6. 32 CFR Appendix F to Part 197 - Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series F Appendix F to Part 197 National Defense Department of...—Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series 1. The records...

  7. 32 CFR Appendix F to Part 197 - Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series F Appendix F to Part 197 National Defense Department of...—Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series 1. The records...

  8. Post-Unified Korean Foreign Policy Options: Regional Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-09-01

    Korean War, the U.S. security policy toward Korea has been instrumental in promoting peace and stability on the peninsula. The strong defense alliance...request the removal of United States troops from the Korean peninsula and the nullification of the United States-South Korea Mutual Defense Treaty...security alliance. However, after the elimination of the North Korean threat, a unified Korea will be able to redefine its foreign policy options

  9. Turkey: Selected Foreign Policy Issues and U.S. Views

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-29

    Mustafa Oguz, “Turkey Rolls its Diplomatic Dice ,” Turkish Daily News, August 14, 2008. 15 “Austria Says Turkey’s Position in Nabucco Limited,” Turkish...and the East. Turkey’s almost relentless engagement with some of its neighbors puts it at odds with U.S. foreign policy. The AKP does not share the

  10. USAFRICOM: The Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    do” attitude, coupled with its large resource pool, has catapulted it to the front of Govern- ment agencies in its ability to implement and support...like the other combatant commands—is another prime example of American proconsuls plying foreign policy.28 In ancient Rome , proconsuls were

  11. Great Decisions 1990: Foreign Policy Issues Facing the Nation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy L., Ed.

    The 1990 Great Decisions program, part of an annual series on foreign policy issues, is intended to create better better public understanding through information and analyses of important international issues. Current information is presented so that participants may be stimulated toward discussion, form opinions and contribute to the policy…

  12. Great Decisions 1989. Foreign Policy Issues Facing the Nation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy L., Ed.

    This briefing book provides the only material needed to participate in the 1989 Great Decisions national non-partisan program of volunteer run discussions on U.S. foreign policy issues for classrooms and community groups. Everyone who participates in the program is invited to fill out the opinion ballots provided in the back of the book; the…

  13. A Brief Introduction to Foreign Languages Education Policy in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Weiwen

    2012-01-01

    Based on a series of official published documents and relevant research reports, the paper make a brief introduction to foreign languages education policies in China, which included national English teaching guidance, national English language textbooks, national English curriculum standard and the massive English teachers training program, etc.…

  14. Global health diplomacy: advancing foreign policy and global health interests.

    PubMed

    Michaud, Josh; Kates, Jennifer

    2013-03-01

    Attention to global health diplomacy has been rising but the future holds challenges, including a difficult budgetary environment. Going forward, both global health and foreign policy practitioners would benefit from working more closely together to achieve greater mutual understanding and to advance respective mutual goals.

  15. Russian Foreign Policy in Historical and Current Context: A Reassessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    of Western culture fit well with the narrative of Russian tra- ditionalism and of Russia standing up to the bullying West. As the Ukraine crisis...the key voice for all elements of Russian policy, foreign and domestic, from standing up to Western bullying to rejection of Euro-Atlantic integration

  16. Foreign Policy News in the 1980 Presidential Election Campaign.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stovall, James Glen

    A survey was conducted to determine the extent and content of newspaper coverage of foreign policy issues in the 1980 United States presidential campaign. Fifty daily newspapers from every region of the country were selected randomly based on circulation. A list of 757 news events was divided into party and nonparty events, and the party events…

  17. Morality and Foreign Policy. A Symposium on President Carter's Stance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lefever, Ernest W., Ed.

    This monograph contains a critical examination of President Carter's view on ethics and foreign policy as expressed in his commencement speech at Notre Dame University on May 22, 1977. The book is organized into three parts. Part 1 contains Mr. Carter's speech entitled, "Power for Humane Purposes." Part 2 contains nine responses to the…

  18. Foreign Policy & Morality: Framework for a Moral Audit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hesburgh, Theodore M.; Halle, Louis J.

    Two papers and several commentaries discuss a viable moral framework for foreign policy. It is hoped that the thought of some of the world's major thinkers can provide at least the foundations for a more enduring approach to the issues of political morality. The two main papers are by Father Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., president of the…

  19. An Alternative American Foreign Policy for Ukraine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    POLICY FOR UKRAINE by Randall G. Williams June 1993 Thesis Advisor: Roman Laba Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 93-27112...unclassified/unlimited _ same as report - DTIC users Unclassified 22a Name of Responsible Individual 22b Telephone (include Area Code) 22c Office Symboi Roman ...Randall G. Williams Approved by: 12 n? Roman Laba, Thesis Advisor Mikhail Oypkin, Second Reader Thomas C. Bruneau, Chairman, Department of National

  20. 20 CFR 703.105 - Copies of forms of policies to be submitted with application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Copies of forms of policies to be submitted with application. 703.105 Section 703.105 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES...

  1. 20 CFR 703.105 - Copies of forms of policies to be submitted with application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Copies of forms of policies to be submitted with application. 703.105 Section 703.105 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES...

  2. 20 CFR 703.105 - Copies of forms of policies to be submitted with application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Copies of forms of policies to be submitted with application. 703.105 Section 703.105 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES...

  3. 20 CFR 703.105 - Copies of forms of policies to be submitted with application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Copies of forms of policies to be submitted with application. 703.105 Section 703.105 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES...

  4. 45 CFR 5.62 - Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy... defense and foreign policy. We are not required to release records that, as provided by FOIA, are “(a... national defense or foreign policy and (b) are in fact properly classified pursuant to such Executive...

  5. 45 CFR 5.62 - Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy... defense and foreign policy. We are not required to release records that, as provided by FOIA, are “(a... national defense or foreign policy and (b) are in fact properly classified pursuant to such Executive...

  6. 45 CFR 5.62 - Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy... defense and foreign policy. We are not required to release records that, as provided by FOIA, are “(a... national defense or foreign policy and (b) are in fact properly classified pursuant to such Executive...

  7. 49 CFR 801.51 - National defense and foreign policy secrets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false National defense and foreign policy secrets. 801... defense and foreign policy secrets. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(1), national defense and foreign policy secrets established by Executive Order, as well as properly classified documents, are exempt from...

  8. 49 CFR 801.51 - National defense and foreign policy secrets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false National defense and foreign policy secrets. 801... defense and foreign policy secrets. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(1), national defense and foreign policy secrets established by Executive Order, as well as properly classified documents, are exempt from...

  9. 49 CFR 801.51 - National defense and foreign policy secrets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false National defense and foreign policy secrets. 801... defense and foreign policy secrets. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(1), national defense and foreign policy secrets established by Executive Order, as well as properly classified documents, are exempt from...

  10. 49 CFR 801.51 - National defense and foreign policy secrets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false National defense and foreign policy secrets. 801... defense and foreign policy secrets. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(1), national defense and foreign policy secrets established by Executive Order, as well as properly classified documents, are exempt from...

  11. 49 CFR 801.51 - National defense and foreign policy secrets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false National defense and foreign policy secrets. 801... defense and foreign policy secrets. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(1), national defense and foreign policy secrets established by Executive Order, as well as properly classified documents, are exempt from...

  12. 78 FR 54623 - Effects of Foreign Policy-Based Export Controls

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ... relating to the following: 1. Information on the effect of foreign policy-based export controls on sales of... controls more effective. 6. Information that illustrates the effect of foreign policy-based export controls... Bureau of Industry and Security Effects of Foreign Policy-Based Export Controls AGENCY: Bureau...

  13. Biafra Still Matters: Contested Humanitarian Airlift and American Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    i BIAFRA STILL MATTERS : CONTESTED HUMANITARIAN AIRLIFT AND AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY BY MAJOR DAVID WALTER MYRICK A THESIS PRESENTED...Statehood described as rushing “to pontificate on matters which these men (western scholars) are incompetent to comprehend.”2 Okpaku attributes...design for a Nigerian Federation. Nigerian nationalists wavered back and forth on the matter of federation and were less zealous than many of their

  14. The Soviet Breakup and U.S. Foreign Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Allen

    1991-01-01

    This issue of a quarterly publication on world affairs explores the historical significance of the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the implication for U.S. foreign policy. With the breakup of the USSR in 1990-91, Russia for the first time this century does not have control over the non-Russian nations of its former empire in Central Asia,…

  15. The Global Financial Crisis: Foreign and Trade Policy Effects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-07

    when we created them. As indicated in Figure 1, the financial crisis began with a rising default level in subprime mortgages, bankruptcies, an...political crises in Eastern Europe and tug-of- war for influence there between Russia and the EU/U.S. Fundamental Philosophies Rise of state capitalism and...designed to prevent future crises and correct past abuses of the system. The fourth phase has been to deal with political and foreign policy effects of the

  16. Teaching Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War Era. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graseck, Susan

    This ERIC Digest discusses issues relating to teaching about U.S. foreign policy in the changing international environment following the end of the Cold War era and the disintegration of the Soviet Union. The document treats: (1) the need and rationale for teaching and learning about current foreign policy issues; (2) main themes in foreign policy…

  17. 32 CFR Appendix F to Part 197 - Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Foreign Relations of the United States Series F Appendix F to Part 197 National Defense Department of...—Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series 1. The records will.../declassification and historical research branch staff member must be present at all times. 4. OSD will supply...

  18. World population growth, family planning, and American foreign policy.

    PubMed

    Sharpless, J

    1995-01-01

    The US decision since the 1960s to link foreign policy with family planning and population control is noteworthy for its intention to change the demographic structure of foreign countries and the magnitude of the initiative. The current population ideologies are part of the legacy of 19th century views on science, morality, and political economy. Strong constraints were placed on US foreign policy since World War II, particularly due to presumptions about the role of developing countries in Cold War ideology. Domestic debates revolved around issues of feminism, birth control, abortion, and family political issues. Since the 1960s, environmental degradation and resource depletion were an added global dimension of US population issues. Between 1935 and 1958 birth control movements evolved from the ideologies of utopian socialists, Malthusians, women's rights activists, civil libertarians, and advocates of sexual freedom. There was a shift from acceptance of birth control to questions about the role of national government in supporting distribution of birth control. Immediately postwar the debates over birth control were outside political circles. The concept of family planning as a middle class family issue shifted the focus from freeing women from the burdens of housework to making women more efficient housewives. Family planning could not be taken as a national policy concern without justification as a major issue, a link to national security, belief in the success of intervention, and a justifiable means of inclusion in public policy. US government involvement began with agricultural education, technological assistance, and economic development that would satisfy the world's growing population. Cold War politics forced population growth as an issue to be considered within the realm of foreign policy and diplomacy. US government sponsored family planning was enthusiastic during 1967-74 but restrained during the 1980s. The 1990s has been an era of redefinition of

  19. Japanese Elites and Foreign Policy in the Era of Emerging Asian Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Louis J.

    1996-01-01

    Explicates the mercantilist ideology of the Japanese elite and its impact on Japanese trade policy. Offers a textured portrait of the world view of a particular elite: Japan's technocrats. Reveals a nationalist ideology that is not advertised by its adherents, especially to foreign observers such as in the United States. (MJP)

  20. Foreign policy and arms control: The view from China

    SciTech Connect

    Daoyu, Li

    1993-12-01

    The great changes that have taken place in international relations in the past few years have created a new political an economic environment in the world, with both opportunities and challenges to the overall objective of peace and development. While the international community has finally shaken off the Cold War pattern of confrontation between the two military blocs, it is not yet free from the threat of political instability, regional conflict, and even the scourges of war. There is still along way to go in realizing the cardinal goal of complete prohibition and thorough destruction of all types of weapons of mass destruction. We continue to be confronted by so many contrasts between accomplishments and lapses, by gaps between words and deeds, and by double standards. China`s stated primary foreign policy objective is to maintain world peace, promote common progress and create favorable external conditions for China`s development. Guided by the independent foreign policy of peace, China refrains from joining any alliance, and is always opposed to hegemonism and power politics.

  1. 78 FR 75563 - Commission Policies and Procedures Under the Communications Act, Foreign Investment in Broadcast...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-12

    ... Policies for Common Carrier and Aeronautical Radio Licensees under Section 310(b)(4) of the Communications... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Commission Policies and Procedures Under the Communications Act, Foreign Investment in...

  2. Health imperatives in foreign policy: the case of Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Barraclough, Simon; Phua, Kai-Lit

    2007-03-01

    Malaysia's global, regional and bilateral international health relations are surveyed against the historical backdrop of the country's foreign policy. Malaysia has always participated in multilateral agencies, most notably the World Health Organization, as such agencies are part of the longstanding fabric of "good international citizenship". The threats of infectious diseases to human health and economic activity have caused an intensification and an organizational formalization of Malaysian health diplomacy, both regionally and bilaterally. Such diplomacy has also established a basis for developing a wider set of cooperative relationships that go beyond responding to the threat of pandemics. As Malaysia approaches "developed" status, its health sector is becoming increasingly integrated into the global economy through joint research and development ventures and transnational investment. At the same time, it will have the technological, financial and human resources to play an expanded altruistic role in global and regional health.

  3. Administration knowledge of economic costs of foreign policy export controls

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-09-02

    The Export Administration Act of 1979 requires consultation, as appropriate, with businesses affected by proposed controls and consideration of the controls economic impact. GAO found that although there was minimal formal business consultation, the business community and the Commerce and State Departments did provide decision-makers with the essential economic arguments against the use of export controls. Administration economic analyses usually did not provide estimates of the controls indirect effects, but important limits exist to Commerce's ability to better quantify such economic costs. GAO's review does not support the conclusion that the administration might have acted differently had it been aware of the total economic costs, and it shifts the debate back to the usefulness of such foreign policy controls.

  4. The Public Looks at Foreign Policy: A Report from Five Cities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, John P.; Holm, John D.

    The document examines the American public stand on foreign policy and explores the extent of citizen support for six basic foreign policy orientations--anti-Communism, internationalism, democracy, isolationism, interventionism, and self-interest. The extent of public support within these orientations among subgroups in the populace is also…

  5. The Public Controversy Over the Panama Canal Treaties: An Analysis of American Foreign Policy Rhetoric.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollihan, Thomas A.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses the public rhetoric created during the debate over the Panama Canal treaties. Examines three foreign policy dramas that emerged: Cold War, New World Order, and Power Politics. Argues that these dramas provide insight into how foreign policy rhetoric reflects Americans' conceptions of themselves and their global responsibility. (JD)

  6. American Foreign Policy for the '80s: A Voter's Guide to the Facts and Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irwin, Wallace, Jr., Ed.; And Others

    The purpose of this guide is to provide voters, officeholders, and candidates with background information on major foreign policy issues so that they can follow the 1980 presidential debates and reach their own informed conclusions. Thirteen major foreign policy topics are covered. The material is written in telegraphic style to get the essential…

  7. 45 CFR 5.62 - Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy. 5.62 Section 5.62 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Reasons for Withholding Some Records § 5.62 Exemption one: National defense and foreign policy. We are not...

  8. U.S. Foreign Policy: Illusions of Powerlessness and Realities of Power.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleveland, Harlan

    The foreign policy of the United States has not taken into consideration the dynamics of world politics and the kinds of power required to participate in it. Foreign policy makers need a post-Kissinger, post-Brzezinski doctrine that corrects the distorted focus on U.S.-Soviet relations as on our central problem, accepts the inherent linkage…

  9. Foreign Language Policy at School Level: FLT and Cultural Studies across the Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corson, David

    1989-01-01

    Explores aspects of successful foreign language teaching and learning that could be pertinent to the design of school policies; defines the current conception of "communicative competence"; discusses how cultural studies can be related to foreign language instruction; and describes a model policy developed during case studies across various…

  10. 16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Policy on imported products, importers, and... GENERAL GENERAL STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1009.3 Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers. (a) This policy states the Commission's views as to imported...

  11. 16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Policy on imported products, importers, and... GENERAL GENERAL STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1009.3 Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers. (a) This policy states the Commission's views as to imported...

  12. 16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Policy on imported products, importers, and... GENERAL GENERAL STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1009.3 Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers. (a) This policy states the Commission's views as to imported...

  13. The China-Africa Connection: Implications for United States Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    CONNECTION: IMPLICATIONS FOR UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY Bernadette M. Semple June 1992 Thesis Advisor: Claude Buss Approved for public release; distribution...ELEMENT NO. NO.N. ACCESSWONR U NO. 11. 11 LIE (Incudie Secunly Glassiamlon) The China-Africa Connection: Implications for United States Foreign Policy ...June, 1992 d 130 1& ,UPPLMEINAY NIAIION The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position

  14. 32 CFR Appendix F to Part 197 - Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Procedures for Copying of Documents for the Foreign Relations of the United States Series F Appendix F to Part 197 National Defense Department of... THE FILES OF THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (OSD) Pt. 197, App. F Appendix F to Part...

  15. Clinton administration forging population-foreign policy links.

    PubMed

    De Sherbinin, A

    1994-12-01

    In the US, the Clinton administration has renewed the link between global population and national security issues. These so-called "soft security issues" receive attention from the Under-Secretary of State for Global Affairs, Tim Wirth, and the senior director of the Global Environmental Affairs branch of the National Security Council, Eileen Claussen. Wirth and Claussen draft the US response to soft security issues such as environmental security, refugee and migration movements, political instability, and religious and ethnic conflict as well as the other nonmilitary threats of illegal drug trafficking, terrorism, and international organized crime. Population was first considered a foreign policy concern in the 1960s. By 1965, President Johnson decided that the US would provide family planning supplies and technical assistance to any country which asked for help. The initial justification for assuming a leading role in developing innovative population strategies for less developed countries was a humanitarian desire to forward economic development, the self-interest of maintaining access to resources, and concern that rapid growth produced more communists. Today the US remains concerned about resource access and economic development and is also wary of spill-over environmental effects, economic migration, diminished US trade opportunities, political asylum seekers and refugees, and increasing demand for US peacekeepers. It is also believed that rapid population growth leads to political destabilization. Critics of these views blame the development difficulties of less developed countries on poor governing decisions (inadequate institutions, trade barriers, or indifference). Women's reproductive rights advocates fear that using security as a rationale for population assistance could lead to restrictions on women's rights to choose the number and spacing of births. Despite such objections, the belief that population growth is an underlying problem in imploding

  16. Confession and Carrying into Execution of Foreign Arbitration Courts' Decisions: Reciprocity and Public Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarina, Salima A.; Nukusheva, Aigul A.; Kalmagambetov, Kassym S.; Kumysbekova, Zhanara T.; Nesterova, Elena V.

    2016-01-01

    The article contains a comparative analysis of foreign arbitration courts' decisions, ensuring the reciprocity and public policy. The aim of the study is to explore such aspects as reciprocity and public policy of arbitration courts. The result is the view of the public policy, despite its apparent irrelevance in today's Kazakhstan, which is of…

  17. China’s Foreign Policy: What Does It Mean for U.S. Global Interests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-18

    5 Presumed PRC Foreign Policy Goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Enhancing Sustainable Economic...2007 study directed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China’s outward foreign direct investment (FDI) in 2005 was 5 percent that of the United...Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 5 See CRS Report RL34310, China’s ‘Soft Power’ in Southeast Asia, by Thomas Lum, Wayne Morrison, and

  18. Globalisation and the Political Economy of Singapore's Policy on Foreign Talent and High Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Low, Linda

    2002-01-01

    Faced with an aging population, economic restructuring, and cyclical economic change, Singapore's government adopted flow-through policy of bringing in foreign capital, technology, and workers. The challenges of balancing the delicate sociopolitical compact between foreign talent and local skills are increasingly complex. (Contains 32 references.)…

  19. 77 FR 13383 - Foreign Affairs Policy Board Meeting Notice; Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office STATE DEPARTMENT Foreign... Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. 10(a)(2), the Department of State announces a meeting of the Foreign Affairs Policy Board to take place on March 19, 2012, at the Department of State, Washington, DC....

  20. The Conduct of United States Foreign Policy in the Nation's Third Century. Headline Series. No. 231.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Bayless

    This Headline Series, focusing on U.S. foreign policy, is adapted from a series of four lectures by the author delivered at the Claremont University Center in April 1975. Part one discusses the 1973 Mideast oil embargo and the impact of the crisis on future U.S. foreign relations. Especially affected are questions of interdependence, raw…

  1. Making health an imperative of foreign policy: The value of a human rights approach.

    PubMed

    Bustreo, Flavia; Doebbler, Curtis F J

    2010-06-15

    Health is increasingly seen as relevant to foreign policy; nevertheless, it remains subordinate to other interests. In particular, the interests of security and economics are often presented as more critical than health. This is due to a failure to sufficiently recognize the legal obligations that states have undertaken to ensure the human right to health. This article argues that health should be an imperative of foreign policy, equally valid, and prioritized in resource allocation. We suggest application of the human rights approach with attention to the legal duty of cooperation and the necessity of ensuring broad participation. We suggest that the human rights approach to health can contribute to achieving this result and is compatible with, and beneficial to, other foreign policy concerns. Finally, we conclude that the human rights approach to health requires that health be an imperative in foreign policymaking processes.

  2. Language Policing: Micro-Level Language Policy-in-Process in the Foreign Language Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amir, Alia; Musk, Nigel

    2013-01-01

    This article examines what we call "micro-level language policy-in-process"--that is, how a target--language-only policy emerges "in situ" in the foreign language classroom. More precisely, we investigate the role of "language policing", the mechanism deployed by the teacher and/or pupils to (re-)establish the…

  3. Lessons from History: Defining Moments in the American Presidency and Foreign Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claunch, Ann

    2008-01-01

    For much of American history, political leaders have stood by a principle that "politics stops at the water's edge." While political disagreements about domestic policies are seen as inevitable and even healthy, there has been a tradition of trying to avoid partisan disagreements over foreign policy. As a result, intense disagreements…

  4. The Rhetorical Icon: Toward an Iconological Theory of U.S. Foreign Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamlett, Ralph A.

    American foreign policy must operate within the parameters of public opinion, and governmental and non-governmental actors must educate the characteristically alienated citizenry concerning policy issues. Since rational discourse is of limited benefit in the process, advocates instead use verbal representations or metaphor to instill within the…

  5. International Education as Soft Power? The Contributions and Challenges of Canadian Foreign Policy to the Internationalization of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trilokekar, Roopa Desai

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the role of the Canadian federal government in two foreign policy areas: overseas development assistance and international cultural relations by providing a brief history of the federal government's engagement in both policy areas and highlighting the contributions and challenges of Canadian foreign policy to the…

  6. Oslo Ministerial Declaration--global health: a pressing foreign policy issue of our time.

    PubMed

    2007-04-21

    Under their initiative on Global Health and Foreign Policy, launched in September, 2006, in New York, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Brazil, France, Indonesia, Norway, Senegal, South Africa, and Thailand issued the following statement in Oslo on March 20, 2007-In today's era of globalisation and interdependence there is an urgent need to broaden the scope of foreign policy. Together, we face a number of pressing challenges that require concerted responses and collaborative efforts. We must encourage new ideas, seek and develop new partnerships and mechanisms, and create new paradigms of cooperation. We believe that health is one of the most important, yet still broadly neglected, long-term foreign policy issues of our time. Life and health are our most precious assets. There is a growing awareness that investment in health is fundamental to economic growth and development. It is generally acknowledged that threats to health may compromise a country's stability and security. We believe that health as a foreign policy issue needs a stronger strategic focus on the international agenda. We have therefore agreed to make impact on health a point of departure and a defining lens that each of our countries will use to examine key elements of foreign policy and development strategies, and to engage in a dialogue on how to deal with policy options from this perspective. As Ministers of Foreign Affairs, we will work to: increase awareness of our common vulnerability in the face of health threats by bringing health issues more strongly into the arenas of foreign policy discussions and decisions, in order to strengthen our commitment to concerted action at the global level; build bilateral, regional and multilateral cooperation for global health security by strengthening the case for collaboration and brokering broad agreement, accountability, and action; reinforce health as a key element in strategies for development and for fighting poverty, in order to reach the

  7. The Future of Swiss Foreign and Security Policy: Increasing International Cooperation is the Key to National Autonomy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    instruments to support economical and social transformation processes mainly characterize the common foreign policy . The main task of the High...FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY : INCREASING INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IS THE KEY TO NATIONAL AUTONOMY by Niels O. Buechi December 2011...DATE December 2011 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Future of Swiss Foreign and Security Policy

  8. Global health diplomacy: barriers to inserting health into Canadian foreign policy.

    PubMed

    Runnels, Vivien; Labonté, Ronald; Ruckert, Arne

    2014-01-01

    Health opportunities and risks have become increasingly global in both cause and consequence. Governments have been slow to recognise the global dimensions of health, although this is beginning to change. A new concept - global health diplomacy (GHD) - has evolved to describe how health is now being positioned within national foreign policies and entering into regional or multilateral negotiations. Traditionally, health negotiations have been seen as 'low politics' in international affairs: however, attention is now being given to understanding better how health can increase its prominence in foreign policy priorities and multilateral forums. We sought to identify how these efforts were manifested in Canada, with a focus on current barriers to inserting health in foreign policy. We conducted individual interviews with Canadian informants who were well placed through their diplomatic experience and knowledge to address this issue. Barriers identified by the respondents included a lack of content expertise (scientific and technical understanding of health and its practice), insufficient diplomatic expertise (the practice and art of diplomacy, including legal and technical expertise), the limited ways in which health has become framed as a foreign policy issue, funding limitations and cuts for global health, and lack of cross-sectoral policy coordination and coherence, given the important role that non-health foreign policy interests (notably in trade and investment liberalisation) can play in shaping global health outcomes. We conclude with some reflections on how regime change and domestic government ideology can also function as a barrier to GHD, and what this implies for retaining or expanding the placement of health in foreign policy.

  9. Soviet Foreign Policy Towards Greece and Turkey: Contrast within Coherence.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-06-01

    may have been motivated on the Greek side by wariness of the apparent courtship of the Soviet Union being undertaken by Greece’s traditional rival...Ulam, Adam B., The Rivals, Penguin Books, 1971. 11. Couloumbis, T.A., Petropulos, J.A. Psomiades, H.J., Foreign Interference in Greek Politics, Pella

  10. German Foreign and Security Policy: Determinants of German Military Engagement in Africa Since 2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    militaereinsaetze-gaucks-leitfaden-12778867.html; Christian Nünlist, “Mehr Verantwortung?: Deutsche Außenpolitik 2014 [More responsibility?: German foreign...and Strategy 55, no. 6 (2013): 63–90, http://www.tandfonline.com.libproxy.nps.edu/doi/pdf/ 10.1080/ 00396338.2013.862937; Joschka Fischer, “ Deutsche ...libyen- einsatz- deutsche -aussenpolitik-eine-farce-1.1075362; “German Foreign Policy: The Unadventurous Eagle,” Economist, May 12, 2011, http

  11. Policies and Procedures for Foreign Exchange Agencies. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartman, Donald D.

    The guide details the policy of the Jefferson County (Alabama) Board of Education policy concerning international exchange of students (travel both to and from United States) in elementary and secondary grades. The first section specifies the standards by which the county will evaluate all international exchange agencies concerning structure,…

  12. Looking beyond the national interest: reconstructing the debate on health and foreign policy.

    PubMed

    McInnes, Colin J

    2004-02-16

    Current international instability has promoted health to the foreign and security policy agenda; however, health is narrowly conceived in terms of promoting the national interest and defending the state, particularly from the risks of infectious disease and bioterrorism. This development involves the risk of global health being co-opted into an international agenda that focuses narrowly on security concerns rather than on broader global health issues. An alternative construction places greater emphasis on shared humanitarian values in a globalised world. This offers a more equal relationship between health and foreign policy and allows a broader range of issues (eg, trade in goods and services affecting health) to be considered in bringing together global health and foreign and security policy.

  13. Cosmopolitanism and foreign policy for health: ethics for and beyond the state

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Foreign policy holds great potential to improve the health of a global citizenship. Our contemporary political order is, in part, characterized by sovereign states acting either in opposition or cooperation with other sovereign states. This order is also characterized by transnational efforts to address transnational issues such as those featured so prominently in the area of global health, such as the spread of infectious disease, health worker migration and the movement of health-harming products. These two features of the current order understandably create tension for truly global initiatives. Discussion National security has become the dominant ethical frame underlying the health-based foreign policy of many states, despite the transnational nature of many contemporary health challenges. This ethical approach engages global health as a means to achieving national security objectives. Implicit in this ethical frame is the version of humanity that dichotomizes between “us” and “them”. What has been left out of this discourse, for the most part, is the role that foreign policy can play in extending the responsibility of states to protect and promote health of the other, for the sake of the other. Summary The principal purpose of this paper is to review arguments for a cosmopolitan ethics of health-based foreign policy. I will argue that health-based foreign policy that is motivated by security interests is lacking both morally and practically to further global health goals. In other words, a cosmopolitan ethic is not only intrinsically superior as a moral ideal, but also has potential to contribute to utilitarian ends. This paper draws on the cosmopolitanism literature to build robust support for foreign policies that contribute to sustainable systems of global health governance. PMID:23829176

  14. In defence of New Zealand. Foreign policy choices in the nuclear age

    SciTech Connect

    Thakur, R.

    1986-01-01

    Nuclear-free zones, neutrality, and non-alignment are catchwords that have recently earned international publicity for New Zealand's foreign policy. This book addresses the issues underlying world-wide interest in the area. The following topics are covered: the nuclear debate; the ANZUS alliance; the ANZUS debate; nonalignment; neutrality; nuclear free Pacific; and port access and alliance management. The author concludes that, rather than indicating a need for a radically new course, a thorough review of New Zealand's defence and foreign policies may well provide renewed justification for existing alliance structures.

  15. East Asia’s Foreign Exchange Rate Policies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-16

    At the other extreme, Japan, the Philippines, and South Korea have usually allowed their currencies to float freely in foreign exchange ( forex ...China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam allow their currency to adjust in value in forex markets so long as the...There were also reports that Korea sold more dollars for won in early April 2008.7 At the time, some forex analysts claimed that the new South Korean

  16. Oil, the state, and power politics: the political economy of Nigeria's foreign policy, 1960-80

    SciTech Connect

    Abubakar, D.

    1986-01-01

    This study deals with the misconception of policy makers about the place of a commodity in the international market, and the potential confusion of economic gains as a political leverage in the realm of foreign policy. Substantively, the study focuses on the orientation of Nigeria's foreign policy over a period of two decades (1960-80) and emphasizes the impact of oil wealth, along with the perception of such sudden wealth by relevant Nigerian decision makers, on the pattern of the country's behavior in the international system. By drawing pertinent insight from interdependence paradigm and decision-making theories, the thesis tests a central hypothesis that differences in the attributes of nation state actors will be related to variations in the foreign policy behavior patterns that the state will exhibit in the international arena. Oil, the thesis argues, has been an important determinant of Nigeria's diplomatic posture in the African sub-system. However, the sharp decline in oil prices affected Nigeria adversely. In terms of her foreign policy, the hitherto activist orientation of the 1970s gradually gave way to a rather low profile posture in the early 1980s.

  17. From Assistance to Partnership: Morocco and Its Foreign Policy in West Africa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    contribution of Morocco’s early banking investments. Those charged with the formulation of Moroccan policy and strat- egy towards sub-Saharan Africa have...the Sahel region through initiatives promoting moderate Islam , and concludes with a number of recommendations on how Morocco could be supported by...Sahara issue continues to dominate Morocco’s foreign policy towards African countries and the AU. In June 2014, the appointment of former Mozambican

  18. A Policy of Inclusion: Alternative Foreign Language Curriculum for High-Risk and Learning-Disabled Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pritikin, Lorin

    As an alternative to waiving foreign language requirements for students with learning disabilities or learning problems, a policy of inclusion in foreign language programs is proposed, based on research suggesting that alternative language teaching methods can be effective with these populations. The rationale for such a policy and the theoretical…

  19. National Opinion Ballot Report, October 1993. Results of National Opinion Survey on U.S. Foreign Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norpoth, Helmut

    This publication reports on the results of 35,793 high school participants in the Foreign Policy Association's 1993 study and discussion program focusing on opinions about U.S. foreign policy. The topics highlighted in the research include: (1) the U.S. in a New World; (2) the United Nations; (3) Germany's role; (4) China; (5) Trade; (6) Russian…

  20. English Language Ideologies in the Chinese Foreign Language Education Policies: A World-System Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pan, Lin

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates the Chinese state's English language ideologies as reflected in official Chinese foreign language education policies (FLEP). It contends that the Chinese FLEP not only indicate a way by which the state gains consent, maintains cultural governance, and exerts hegemony internally, but also shows the traces of the combined…

  1. Private Military Firms as Instruments of U.S. Foreign Policy: The Case of Columbia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    Contra Costa Times, August 18, 2001, cited at Media Awareness Project at http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v01/n1516/a11.html access May 23, 2007...May 22, 2007]. Miller, T. Christian “Colombia: Use of Foreign Pilots Avoids Drug War Policy;” Contra Costa Times, August 18, 2001, cited at Media

  2. 78 FR 44028 - Review of Foreign Ownership Policies for Common Carrier and Aeronautical Radio Licensees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-23

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 1 Review of Foreign Ownership Policies for Common Carrier and Aeronautical Radio... carrier, aeronautical en route and aeronautical fixed radio station licensees. DATES: Effective on August..., July 10, 2013, the following corrections are made: Subpart F--Wireless Radio Services Applications...

  3. Belief Structure and Foreign Policy: Comparing Dimensions of Elite and Mass Opinion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oldendick, Robert, And Others

    1981-01-01

    This study compares the dimensions of elite (political leaders) and mass (general public) opinions towards foreign policy. A factor analysis revealed the elite's five major concerns (internationalism, international organization, Americanism, defense spending, and interventionism) and an overall preference for structured approaches. The masses also…

  4. Defusing a Foreign Policy Crisis: Myth and Victimage in Reagan's 1983 Lebanon/Grenada Adress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klope, David C.

    1986-01-01

    Investigates the operation of myth and victimage in President Reagan's Lebanon/Grenada address. Delineates the clustering structure within the speech, suggesting how the arrangement of mythic content accomplished victimage. Argues that Reagan defused his foreign policy by redefining it, thereby making the Lebanon/Grenada situation appear both…

  5. China's Policy of Chinese as a Foreign Language and the Use of Overseas Confucius Institutes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Hongqin; Huang, Jianbin

    2010-01-01

    China's economic power is changing attitudes towards Mandarin Chinese worldwide. Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) consequently emerges as a subject for research as well as an educational market. This article investigates the modern evolution of CFL curriculum policy that has led to the current rapid growth of the Confucius Institute (CI) around…

  6. Containing Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez: United States Foreign Policy Options

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-16

    Ecuadorian President Rafeal Correa and Bolivian President Evo Morales , offer little tangible support. Notably, the South American countries most able to...the FARC shares common socialist values with Chavez‟ Bolivarian Revolution. Venezuela also supports socialist regimes in Ecuador and Bolivia ...controversial foreign policies. With the exception of the state leaders of Iran, Cuba, Ecuador and Bolivia , Chavez has few supporters. Arguably, Russia

  7. 17 CFR 250.105 - Disclosure detrimental to the national defense or foreign policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... United States for protection in the interests of national defense or foreign policy. (b) Where a document... such document or information, a statement from an appropriate department or agency of the United States... the Commission pursuant to a determination of an appropriate department or agency of the United...

  8. Simulations for the Discipline Specific and Professional Education of Foreign Policy Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelton, Maryanne; Kingsmill, Verity

    2016-01-01

    Increasingly universities aim to provide students with opportunities to graduate with skills ready to perform in the workplace. However, workplace-based opportunities for students enrolled in foreign policy subjects are more limited due to the diplomatic and sensitive political nature of the professional work. Thus there exists a need for higher…

  9. The Real Rebalancing: American Diplomacy and the Tragedy of President Obama’s Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    President Obama’s foreign policy overshadows in scope, depth , and importance the other “rebalance” most often associated with the 44th President—that is...between the number of U.S. civilians in Kabul and elsewhere in the country.58 21 These war time experiences have fueled perceptions in the White House

  10. The Impact of Foreign Policy on Educational Exchange: The Swedish State Scholarship Programme 1938-1990

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Åkerlund, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Programmes of international educational exchange are not only carried out for educational purposes, but form an important part of modern-day public diplomacy. Through exchange programmes education and research are linked with foreign policy interests, which then in turn should affect the international contacts of universities and research…

  11. United States Foreign Policy Toward Australia in the Next Decade

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1966-04-08

    5 3. AUSTRALIA’S TEMPESTUOUS NEIGHBORS. ........... 7 Basic causes for unrest ................. 7 Specific problem areas.................9 Summary...33 Summary.........................40 5 .. UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD AUSTRALIA .. ....... 41 General...With a population of only five million, she had more men killed than did the United States. 5 The Second World War, for the first time, posed a

  12. German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-20

    Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher is also said to have expressed concerns about German unification. See Bush speech at the German Embassy, Washington, DC...Members of Congress view Germany as a key U.S. ally, have welcomed German leadership in Europe, and voiced expectations for increased U.S.-German...8 European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) .....................................................................9 European Leadership

  13. East Timor and U.S. Foreign Policy: Making Sausage

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    financial institutions (IFIs) and the Indonesian Government (GOI) on a rescue package. Sensing President Soeharto was vulnerable, East Timor activists...pressed harder; but Soeharto staved off any dramatic policy change for the province. My contacts3 tell me Washington decision-making on the political

  14. The United States and Tunisia: A Foreign Policy Analysis.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-01

    olive oil , wheat and wine--all cultivated in the low and moist coastal areas. 24 6, IV The French colonization experience still affects Tunisia’s...same years, exceptionally good weather In Tunisia contributed to record levels of citrus and olive oil production. A 1974 increase in world phosphate...the Western European market for many of Tunisia’s food products, especially olive oil , was reduced as a result of EEC policies. Since 1975, Tunisia

  15. The French Defense and Foreign Policies: Rwanda Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-25

    France learnt this lesson harshly in Rwanda in 1994 . Indeed, in the wave of the genocide , accusations not only arose against France and senior...critics to the French policy in Rwanda during the genocide in 1994 . First, the 1983 revision permitted the French military to be involved in combat and... genocide . In 1994 in Rwanda , France learned harsh lessons and lost some of its credibility in Africa and among its allies. Since then, important

  16. Policy solutions to address the foreign-educated and foreign-born health care workforce in the United States.

    PubMed

    Chen, Peggy G; Auerbach, David I; Muench, Ulrike; Curry, Leslie A; Bradley, Elizabeth H

    2013-11-01

    Foreign-educated and foreign-born health workers constitute a sizable and important portion of the US health care workforce. We review the distribution of these workers and their countries of origin, and we summarize the literature concerning their contributions to US health care. We also report on these workers' experiences in the United States and the impact their migration has on their home countries. Finally, we present policy strategies to increase the benefits of health care worker migration to the United States while mitigating its negative effects on the workers' home countries. These strategies include attracting more people with legal permanent residency status into the health workforce, reimbursing home countries for the cost of educating health workers who subsequently migrate to the United States, improving policies to facilitate the entry of direct care workers into the country, advancing efforts to promote and monitor ethical migration and recruitment practices, and encouraging the implementation of programs by US employers to improve the experience of immigrating health workers.

  17. Problems and policies regarding the socio-economic integration of returnees and foreign workers in Greece.

    PubMed

    Glytsos, N P

    1995-01-01

    "The integration of repatriating Greek migrants, ethnic Greeks and foreign workers has individual and macroeconomic aspects, both of which must be addressed within a dynamic perspective.... This article analyses the problems involved, and the policies and programmes adopted (or the lack of policies), for the integration of incoming workers to the Greek economy. Wherever possible, the suitability and effectiveness of measures taken are evaluated against the experience gained.... It may be concluded from this analysis that policies adopted for the integration of various migrant groups to Greece (i.e. Greek migrant returnees, ethnic-Greek foreigners and illegal migrants) lack a central aim, orientation and strategy, as well as a long-term perspective." (SUMMARY IN FRE AND SPA)

  18. A New Generation of Stable, Nonantibiotic, Low-Copy-Number Plasmids Improves Immune Responses to Foreign Antigens in Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi Live Vectors▿ §

    PubMed Central

    Galen, James E.; Wang, Jin Yuan; Chinchilla, Magaly; Vindurampulle, Christopher; Vogel, Jeffrey E.; Levy, Haim; Blackwelder, William C.; Pasetti, Marcela F.; Levine, Myron M.

    2010-01-01

    We hypothesized that adequately engineered attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi strains can serve as multivalent mucosal live vector vaccines to immunize against unrelated human pathogens. Toward this ultimate goal, we have developed a novel genetic stabilization system for antigen-expressing plasmids, engineered to encode the single-stranded binding protein (SSB), an essential protein involved in DNA metabolism which was deleted from the live vector chromosome. We utilized full-length protective antigen (PA83) of anthrax toxin from Bacillus anthracis as a foreign antigen and expressed PA83 as a fusion with the ClyA export protein, which allows export of ClyA-PA83 to the surface of S. Typhi live vectors. A series of SSB-encoding multicopy expression plasmids were introduced into reengineered S. Typhi strains previously tested in clinical trials, i.e., CVD 908-htrA and its less attenuated parent CVD 908. Immunogenicity was examined using a mouse model of intranasal immunization with live vector, followed by parenteral boosting with purified PA83. PA-specific antibody responses markedly improved as the copy number of the SSB-encoding plasmids decreased, and this effect was dramatically enhanced when the foreign antigen was delivered by the less attenuated live vector CVD 908ssb. These results suggest that antibody responses to antigens delivered by S. Typhi live vectors are inversely related to the metabolic burden imposed by expression of the foreign antigen and that these responses can be improved when antigens are expressed from low-copy-number plasmids and exported out of the cytoplasm of less attenuated live vectors. PMID:19884333

  19. Gazprom and Russia: The economic rationality of Russian foreign energy policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaloudis, Stergos Carl Thornton

    Charges of imperialism underpinned by coercive economic tactics are some of the accusations leveled against Vladimir Putin's foreign energy policy during his presidential tenure. However, after the traditional policies of coercion failed to secure Russian interests in Europe during the 1990's, this dissertation argues Putin adopted a radically different approach upon his rise to the Presidency. Driven by public demand to continue the domestic subsidization of natural gas and realizing that the chief avenue for securing revenue was in gas sales to Europe, this project suggests that Putin developed a new foreign energy policy approach meant to secure Russian interests. This transformation was accomplished by the Presidential Administration's efforts during Putin's tenure to bring the Russian natural gas monopoly, Gazprom, under its control. Dubbed Persuasive Politics, this paradigm suggests that the foreign energy policies of the Presidential Administration and Gazprom during Putin's tenure were underpinned by the rational economic argument that the only route to Russian resurgence in the medium term was through profitable economic relations with the European states. To test this theoretical approach the author employs a case study analysis of Russian relations with the European Union member state Greece as well as the non-EU state of Ukraine. The intent is to identify how a mutually beneficial relationship was constructed to persuade both governments through the utilization of economic inducements that cooperation with Russia in the natural gas sphere was in their own best interest.

  20. Has the United States’ Manifest Destiny Run Its Course? U.S. Foreign Policy Juxtaposed Against Fourth Generation Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-10

    the growing trends of inter-state and international non-state actors. In my endeavor, I would like to thank Dr. Mark Jacobsen , Dr. Rebecca Johnson...military force. The “Vietnam Syndrome ”—a condition among post-Vietnam policy makers stemming from the foreign policy crises and the resulting military...foreign policy of this era. However, with the Vietnam syndrome still at play, the collapse of the Soviet Union left a void for directed U.S. foreign

  1. Understanding the cost bases of Space Shuttle pricing policies for commercial and foreign customers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stone, Barbara A.

    1984-01-01

    The principles and underlying cost bases of the 1977 and 1982 Space Shuttle Reimbursement Policies are compared and contrasted. Out-of-pocket cost recovery has been chosen as the base of the price for the 1986-1988 time period. With this cost base, it is NASA's intent to recover the total cost of consumables and the launch and flight operations costs added by commercial and foreign customers over the 1986-1988 time period. Beyond 1988, NASA intends to return to its policy of full cost recovery.

  2. Africa Command and the Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-10

    its large resource pool has literally catapulted the military out in front of other government agencies in its ability to implement and support...that USAFRICOM--like the other GCCs--is another prime example of American Proconsuls plying foreign policy.83 In ancient Rome , proconsuls were...Keeping Peace With America’s Military, 70. 84 The Columbia Encyclopedia, “proconsul, in ancient Rome ,” The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed., (New York

  3. From ’Chicken Kiev’ to Ukrainian Recognition: Domestic Politics in U.S. Foreign Policy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    This thesis uses original research to achieve two goals. First , it is meant to give the first analytical account of U.S. recognition of Ukraine...will have an increasing role in American foreign policy for three reasons. First , they have superior knowledge to elites who are encrusted in Cold War...the ethnic population of the United States is growing. The thesis works on at least five levels. First : the role of nationalism in world politics

  4. Managing Relative Decline: An Analysis of Foreign Policy Alternatives for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-17

    Eugenics Society nearly 80 years ago describing a psychological phenomenon that still permeates current macroeconomic and foreign policy discourse...Population,” The Eugenics Review 29, no. 1 (1937), 13. 2. Charles Krauthammer, “The Unipolar Moment Revisited,” The National Interest, no. 70 (Winter... Eugenics Review 29, no. 1 (1937): 13-17. Krauthammer, Charles. “The Unipolar Moment Revisited.” The National Interest, no. 70 (Winter 2002/03): 5-17

  5. Foreign Policy Dimensions of Argentina and Brazill: Emerging Middle Powers Marching to their Own Drum.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    interests and pursuit of independent foreign policy goals. The OAS supplements both nation’s bilateral relations. On the regional level, Argentina has some...rights when leading from a weak hand, and when it needs to supplement its unilateral or bilateral efforts to gain specific goals, such as, improving...negotiations. Argentina and Chile both have supplemented their territorial claims in recent years. Argentina has provided quarters for women and

  6. Background Issues Concerning Soviet Foreign Policy and Syrian Initiatives in the Middle East

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-01

    85 II2 I. i , I- K)V - ’V.W- RV ~ ~ w ’ LIST OF TABLES TABLE PAGE I. Religious Composition of Syria’s Population , 1985...66 II. Arab Population Figures . . . . . . . . . . . 7 III. Israeli/Jewish Population Figures . . . . . a. 68 IV. Rank Order of...anxious to re-establish the detente era. Detente has singularly been the most effective Soviet foreign policy concept since Stalin’s era and has produced

  7. U.S. Foreign Policy Towards Africa: Commitment or Empty Rhetoric

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-04-01

    USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT U.S. Foreign Policy Towards Africa: Commitment or Empty Rhetoric by Lieutenant Colonel Jacqueline E. Cumbo United ...NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS U.S. Army War College Carlisle Barracks Carlisle, PA17013-5050 8. PERFORMING...with corruption. The United States has maintained a strategy of engagement in Africa since the end of the Cold War. Each change in the United

  8. Analysis of the Status Quo and Suggested Policy Adjustments for Sino-Foreign Cooperation in Running Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meiqiong, Qin

    2009-01-01

    Statistics and analysis indicate that there are many problems to be resolved over the issue of Sino-foreign cooperation in running schools. These include national policy failing to catch up with development, Chinese and foreign partners disagreeing on the objectives of their cosponsored programs, cooperation being geographically unbalanced,…

  9. "Foreign Language Activities" in Japanese Elementary Schools: Negotiating Teacher Roles and Identities within a New Language Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horii, Sachiko Yokoi

    2012-01-01

    In 2008, a new language education policy called "Gaikokugo Katsudou" [Foreign Language Activities] was issued by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sport, Science, and Technology (MEXT) in Japan. Effective 2011, foreign language education became mandatory in all Japanese public elementary schools for the first time. With this dramatic…

  10. Past Fame, Present Frames and Future Flagship? An Exploration of How Health is Positioned in Canadian Foreign Policy

    PubMed Central

    Labonté, Ronald; Runnels, Vivien; Gagnon, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    Canada has been regarded as a model global citizen with firm commitments to multilateralism. It has also played important roles in several international health treaties and conventions in recent years. There are now concerns that its interests in health as a foreign policy goal may be diminishing. This article reports on a thematic analysis of key Canadian foreign policy statements issued over the past decade, and interviews with key informants knowledgeable of, or experienced in the interstices of Canadian health and foreign policy. It finds that health is primarily and increasingly framed in relation to national security and economic interests. Little attention has been given to human rights obligations relevant to health as a foreign policy issue, and global health is not seen as a priority of the present government. Global health is nonetheless regarded as something with which Canadian foreign policy must engage, if only because of Canada’s membership in many United Nations and other multilateral fora. Development of a single global health strategy or framework is seen as important to improve intersectoral cooperation on health issues, and foreign policy coherence. There remains a cautious optimism that health could become the base from which Canada reasserts its internationalist status. PMID:24977037

  11. Past Fame, Present Frames and Future Flagship? An Exploration of How Health is Positioned in Canadian Foreign Policy.

    PubMed

    Labonté, Ronald; Runnels, Vivien; Gagnon, Michelle

    2012-06-01

    Canada has been regarded as a model global citizen with firm commitments to multilateralism. It has also played important roles in several international health treaties and conventions in recent years. There are now concerns that its interests in health as a foreign policy goal may be diminishing. This article reports on a thematic analysis of key Canadian foreign policy statements issued over the past decade, and interviews with key informants knowledgeable of, or experienced in the interstices of Canadian health and foreign policy. It finds that health is primarily and increasingly framed in relation to national security and economic interests. Little attention has been given to human rights obligations relevant to health as a foreign policy issue, and global health is not seen as a priority of the present government. Global health is nonetheless regarded as something with which Canadian foreign policy must engage, if only because of Canada's membership in many United Nations and other multilateral fora. Development of a single global health strategy or framework is seen as important to improve intersectoral cooperation on health issues, and foreign policy coherence. There remains a cautious optimism that health could become the base from which Canada reasserts its internationalist status.

  12. In the Shadow of the Cold War: The Caribbean and Central America in U.S. Foreign Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malkasian, Mark; Davidson, Louise K.

    With the improvement of U.S.-Soviet relations in recent years, there is much reason to take a fresh look at U.S. foreign policy. This unit provides secondary students with an opportunity to examine U.S. policy toward the Caribbean and Central America. Composed of four chapters, the first chapter examines the economic and military concerns that…

  13. Greek National Security Concerns and the European Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy: Consensus or Divergence?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP), Frontex , Security, Defense, Foreign Policy, Turkey, Albania, FYROM, Immigration. 15. NUMBER OF PAGES...58  2.  Frontex ................................................................................... 61  V.  CONCLUSIONS...the other half originating mainly from Albania. Monitoring the illegal border crossing in the EU, Frontex , the EU’s agency for external border

  14. Crossing Shadows: Polish Sovereignty, Post-Communist Foreign Policy and European Security

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    initially imported 120 bd. 12 11bid., 43. 12 2 Atef Gawad, "How the Gulf Was Won: Oil and Islam in Soviet Foreign Policy," Amean-ab Affairs 22 ( Fall ... fall of East European communists and the new complexion of the Gorbachev doctrine apparently left the pioneering Poles with less than what could be...passed a law making it legal to storm the Bastille , yet it feU." 14 5 4. An Autonomous Military Doctrine Yet another step in the movement away from

  15. Contextual and conceptual content analysis in the study of foreign policy decision making

    SciTech Connect

    Schlagheck, D.M.

    1985-01-01

    This dissertation focuses upon two related questions in the study of foreign policy decision making at the individual level: (1) How does a decision maker define the situation he/she confronts. and, (2) How can the research reliably establish that definition. The problem of context and how a decision maker defines it is shown to be a common thread running throughout the foreign policy literature, brought together in a manageable form by the operational code. The operational code is used to guide the application of a new, contextual and conceptual content analysis program in a case study of Henry A. Kissinger's definition of the situations he faced in the Vietnam and arms control negotiations. Kissinger's verbal behavior is examined, including his academic writing; speeches and interviews he gave while in office; his memoirs; and, addresses he has made since leaving public service. The content analysis program (Minnesota Contextural Content Analysis, MCCA) analyzes an individual's understanding of context based on her/his choice of language, and scores verbal behavior in four context categories: pragmatic (rational), analytical, emotional, and traditional. Results of the content analysis of Kissinger's definition of the Vietnam War and arms control talks are analyzed in terms of COPDAB events data to determine whether Kissinger's verbal behavior was events dependent; results are also evaluated in terms of other psycho-biographical and operational studies of Kissinger, as well.

  16. Proficiency, Policy, and Professionalism in Foreign Language Education. Report of the Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (Columbus, Ohio, April 9-11, 1987). Selected Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birckbichler, Diane W., Ed.; And Others

    Selected papers from a conference on language proficiency, policy, and language teacher professionalism include: "Proficiency in Perspective in the Foreign Language Classroom" (Sally Sieloff Magnan); "Teaching Foreign Languages: Policy and the Federal Role" (Paul Simon); "Proficiency in the 'Real World' of the Professional…

  17. Evolution of Brazilian Civil-Military Relations: From Pacted Transition to Lula’s Foreign Policy Tool

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    poor environmental record had become one of the most contentious sticking points in U.S.-Brazilian foreign relations . The external pressure on the...rivalry between the armed forces and the Itamaraty (Ministry of External Relations ) forced him to find an alternate. In what appeared to be throwing a...BRAZILIAN CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS : FROM PACTED TRANSITION TO LULA’S FOREIGN POLICY TOOL by Michael Ben McKenzie March 2011 Thesis Advisor

  18. 10 CFR 1050.201 - Policy against accepting foreign gifts or decorations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... foreign gifts or decorations. (a) The Constitution of the United States, Article I, section 9, clause 8... any * * * foreign State.” In the Foreign Gifts and Decorations Act the Congress consented to...

  19. 10 CFR 1050.201 - Policy against accepting foreign gifts or decorations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... foreign gifts or decorations. (a) The Constitution of the United States, Article I, section 9, clause 8... any * * * foreign State.” In the Foreign Gifts and Decorations Act the Congress consented to...

  20. 10 CFR 1050.201 - Policy against accepting foreign gifts or decorations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... foreign gifts or decorations. (a) The Constitution of the United States, Article I, section 9, clause 8... any * * * foreign State.” In the Foreign Gifts and Decorations Act the Congress consented to...

  1. The Persian Gulf Balance of Power and United States Foreign Policy Response.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    FOREIGN POLICY RESPONSE(U) AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL RFD AL C R ALLEN APR 60 ACSC-9B-00BS I UNC.RSSIFIED F/G 5/4 NI. )U TM’.rio im % L12...thanks Lieutenant Colonel Thomas M. Henneman for the advice, patience, and guidance provided as the advisor to this project. His painstaking and...FILE .~MIDDLE EAST MIDDLE EAST z NV1ISI)4Vd z UU. 4z C - F- L m c FR’! TUR’Um v’)~som M1 VC’ ZI 7777 71W. 7,~A llr vuX " A ’%~v U - W7b x IV I 0.011

  2. In the Shadow of the Cold War: The Caribbean and Central America in U.S. Foreign Policy. Teacher's Resource Book. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malkasian, Mark; Davidson, Louise K.

    This teacher's resource book is designed to be used with "In the Shadow of the Cold War: The Caribbean and Central America in U.S. Foreign Policy," which was written to help high school students to weigh important U.S. foreign policy issues. The resource book includes eight lessons. Lessons 3-6 focus specifically on the dimension of the…

  3. The Educational Policy Strategy on Foreign Citizens Coming to the Russian Federation, as a Factor of Their Socio-Cultural Adaptation and Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolzhikova, Anzhela V.; Moseikina, Marina N.; Vladimirsky, Irena

    2016-01-01

    Considering the fact that starting from January 1, 2015 the complex exam is introduced for the first time in the Russian Federation for the foreign citizens, who apply for obtaining the employment and residence permits, this article reveals the educational policy strategy on this category of foreigners. This policy is considered within the…

  4. Research Self-Efficacy Sources and Research Motivation in a Foreign Language University Faculty in Mexico: Implications for Educational Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reyes-Cruz, María del Rosario; Perales-Escudero, Moisés Damián

    2016-01-01

    The research self-efficacy and motivation of foreign language (FL) faculty in periphery countries is under-researched, yet there is a need to understand the impact of public policies that drive such faculty to conduct research. This paper reports a qualitative case study investigating research self-efficacy and research motivation in a group of…

  5. A Citizen's Guide to U.S. Foreign Policy: Election '88. Nonpartisan Briefs on 18 Key Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy, Ed.; And Others

    In order to make informed voting decisions citizens need background information on complex foreign policy issues facing the United States. This guide presents current issues and provides information to help citizens cast a thoughtful vote. The guide is divided into six main headings: Leadership; Security; Economic and Social Issues; Critical…

  6. In Search of Consensus: Role Versus Belief Systems in Bureaucratic Bargaining. An American Foreign Policy Simulation (AFPS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobbs, Heidi H.; Moreno, Dario V.

    Reported are results from two runs of the simulation "Bureaucratic Bargaining," developed to help students understand the inherent tension between roles and belief systems in American foreign policy decision making. To determine their belief systems, 165 students enrolled in an introductory international relations course were tested with…

  7. 36 CFR 1256.100 - What is the copying policy for USIA audiovisual records that either have copyright protection or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... copied as follows: (a) USIA audiovisual records prepared for dissemination abroad that NARA determines... audiovisual records prepared for dissemination abroad that NARA determines may have copyright protection or may contain copyrighted material are provided to you if you seek the release of such materials in...

  8. 36 CFR 1256.100 - What is the copying policy for USIA audiovisual records that either have copyright protection or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... copied as follows: (a) USIA audiovisual records prepared for dissemination abroad that NARA determines... audiovisual records prepared for dissemination abroad that NARA determines may have copyright protection or may contain copyrighted material are provided to you if you seek the release of such materials in...

  9. 36 CFR 1256.100 - What is the copying policy for USIA audiovisual records that either have copyright protection or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... copied as follows: (a) USIA audiovisual records prepared for dissemination abroad that NARA determines... audiovisual records prepared for dissemination abroad that NARA determines may have copyright protection or may contain copyrighted material are provided to you if you seek the release of such materials in...

  10. 77 FR 50628 - Review of Foreign Ownership Policies for Common Carrier and Aeronautical Radio Licensees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... Commission uses for assessing foreign ownership of the controlling U.S.-organized parents of common carrier...), greater than 25 percent foreign ownership in the controlling U.S.-organized parent of a common carrier... agencies the opportunity to review proposed foreign ownership in the controlling U.S.-organized parents...

  11. Sustainable development as an organizing principle for US foreign policy: Opportunities and enduring constraints

    SciTech Connect

    Munro, J.F.

    1995-07-01

    The disintegration of the Soviet Union has dramatically changed the international topography. Bipolar international relations have given way to a multipolar world wherein the United States is the only true superpower as gauged by both economic and military might. The decline of the Soviet Union has removed an important stabilizing force in international politics and a critical organizing principle for American Foreign Policy -- namely, the containment of international communism. The Soviet Union`s dismantlement has created opportunities for both cooperation and conflict. It means that increasingly cooperative relations between Russia and the United States have reduced the threat of nuclear war while intensifying regional political instability among present and former allies and former client states. Without the Soviet threat more resources are available to restore the nation`s transportation, communications, and industrial infrastructure, clean up the environment, and to develop technologies that promise to increase US economic competitiveness while minimizing environmental impacts. Internationally, there should be additional resources to promote international economic growth, to preserve natural environments, and to build democratic institutions in developing nations.

  12. Cognitive Biases and Structural Failures in United States Foreign Policy: Explaining Decision-Making Dissonance in Phase IV Policy and Plans for Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    Present, and Future, Third ed. (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1997), 235. See also Allison , Essence of Decision, 13. 16 Hans J. Morgenthau, "A...value maximizing.18 Graham Allison posits that states select courses of action where the likelihood of achieving “goals and objectives” for a given...Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999), 4. 18 Graham T. Allison , "Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis" In American Foreign Policy

  13. 22 CFR 401.13 - Copies required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Copies required. 401.13 Section 401.13 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE Applications § 401.13... additional copies of the documents mentioned therein as may be requested by the Commission shall be...

  14. 22 CFR 401.13 - Copies required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Copies required. 401.13 Section 401.13 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE Applications § 401.13... additional copies of the documents mentioned therein as may be requested by the Commission shall be...

  15. 22 CFR 401.13 - Copies required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Copies required. 401.13 Section 401.13 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE Applications § 401.13... additional copies of the documents mentioned therein as may be requested by the Commission shall be...

  16. 22 CFR 401.13 - Copies required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Copies required. 401.13 Section 401.13 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE Applications § 401.13... additional copies of the documents mentioned therein as may be requested by the Commission shall be...

  17. 22 CFR 401.13 - Copies required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Copies required. 401.13 Section 401.13 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE Applications § 401.13... additional copies of the documents mentioned therein as may be requested by the Commission shall be...

  18. The Mechanics of Russian Foreign Policy in the Caucasus and Central Asia -- Regional Hegemony or Neo-Imperialism?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    CODE 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) Under President Putin, Russia’s foreign policy adopted the characteristics of Great Power Normalization, a...DIME), Great Power Normalization, neo-imperialism 16. PRICE CODE 17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT Unclassified 18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION...therefore provide a good litmus test for assessing Russian motives as well as how effective Russia’s attempts to re-exert its influence have been

  19. The Relationship of Military Posture to National Policy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    suspicious, and uncertain in their international relationships , and if anything seem to be pursuing a more obscurantist and even romantic foreign...4 "Copy 9 of 100 copies AD-A239 144 IDA PAPER P-1588 THE RELATIONSHIP OF MILITARY POSTURE TO NATIONAL POLICY William J. Schultis Herschel Kanter John...FINAL: SEPTEMBER 1981 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS THE RELATIONSHIP OF MILITARY POSTURE TO NATIONAL POLICY NONE 6. AUTHOR(S) W. Schultis

  20. Polish Foreign Policy Under a Non-Communist Government: Prospects and Problems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    Geremek, La Vanguardia , July 5, 1989 (translated in Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Daily Report, East Europe [FBIS-EEU], No. 137, July 19...Foreign Minister Krzysztof Skubiszewski has also stressed the far-off nature of Polish neutrality. See the interview with Skubiszewski in La Vanguardia

  1. Foreign Language Teaching Policies and European Unity: The Dutch National Action Programme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Els, Theo. J. M.; van Hest, Erna W. C. M.

    1990-01-01

    Describes and reviews the Dutch National Action Programme (NAP) on Foreign Languages, instituted in anticipation of the demands of the 1992 Single European Market. The increasing demand for foreign languages is confirmed, some shortcomings of the current program regarding French and German language learning are identified, and recommendations for…

  2. How sustainable is Japan's foreign aid policy? An analysis of Japan's official development assistance and funding for energy sector projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamaguchi, Hideka

    Japan has adopted a sustainable development strategy since the late 1980s in the effort to address social and environmental damages caused by past Japan-funded projects in partner nations. Even after about a decade and a half of the policy implementation, however, there are few reports which critically examine effects of the adoption of the idea of sustainable development. This dissertation evaluates Japan's foreign aid policy to determine the extent to which new revisions of aid policy have improved the environmental sustainability of the policy. This dissertation reviews the mainstream idea of sustainable development (also known as the sustainable development paradigm in this dissertation) to reveal the nature of the idea of sustainable development that Japan's foreign aid policy depends on. A literature review of two development discourses---modernization theory and ecological modernization theory---and three types of critiques against the sustainable development paradigm---focused on adverse impacts of modern science, globalization, and environmental overuse---reveals core logics of and problems with the sustainable development paradigm. Japan's foreign aid policy impacts on energy sector development in recipient countries is examined by means of a quantitative analysis and a qualitative analysis. Specifically, it examines the effect of Japan's ODA program over fifteen years that proposed to facilitate sustainable development in developing countries. Special emphasis is given to investigation of ODA disbursements in the energy sector and detailed case studies of several individual energy projects are performed. The dissertation discovers that the sustainable development paradigm guiding Japan's ODA has little capacity to accomplish its goals to bring about social and ecological improvement in developing countries. This dissertation finds three fundamental weaknesses in Japanese ODA policy on energy sector development as well as the sustainable development

  3. 48 CFR 3401.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... GENERAL ED ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 3401.105-3 Copies. Copies of the... EDAR is available for viewing at: http://www.ed.gov/policy/fund/reg/clibrary/edar.html....

  4. 48 CFR 3401.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... GENERAL ED ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 3401.105-3 Copies. Copies of the... EDAR is available for viewing at: http://www.ed.gov/policy/fund/reg/clibrary/edar.html....

  5. 48 CFR 3401.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... GENERAL ED ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 3401.105-3 Copies. Copies of the... EDAR is available for viewing at: http://www.ed.gov/policy/fund/reg/clibrary/edar.html....

  6. 48 CFR 3401.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... GENERAL ED ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 3401.105-3 Copies. Copies of the... EDAR is available for viewing at: http://www.ed.gov/policy/fund/reg/clibrary/edar.html....

  7. 76 FR 65472 - Review of Foreign Ownership Policies for Common Carrier and Aeronautical Radio Licensees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... reasonable accommodations (accessible format documents, sign language interpreters, CART, etc.) by e-mail to... Ownership Guidelines), pet. for recon. pending. 29. That is, in calculating foreign equity interests in...

  8. An Analysis of U.S. Foreign Direct Investment Policy and Economic Development. A.I.D. Discussion Paper No. 36.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergsten, C. Fred; De Castro, Bruce

    The purpose of the paper is to analyze U.S. policies toward financial investment in developing nations. The paper is presented in two sections. In section I, the controversial effects of direct foreign investment on development are discussed. Case studies of investment policies toward India, the Philippines, Ghana, Guatemala, and Argentina are…

  9. In the Shadow of the Cold War: The Caribbean and Central America in U.S. Foreign Policy. Teacher's Resource Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malkasian, Mark; Davidson, Louise K.

    With the improvement of U.S.-Soviet relations in recent years, there is much reason to take a fresh look at U.S. foreign policy. This teacher's resource book is designed to accompany a unit that provides high school students with an opportunity to examine U.S. policy toward the Caribbean and Central America. Composed of four chapters, the first…

  10. Chopping Copy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bush, Don

    1994-01-01

    Discusses ways an editor can cut out words to help the reader understand quickly. Discusses dead wood, redundancy, redundancy in thought, smothered verbs, false precision, editing and academia, and making copy smoother. (SR)

  11. Crafting AIDS policy in Brazil and Russia: State-civil societal ties, institutionalised morals, and foreign policy aspiration.

    PubMed

    Gómez, Eduardo J

    2016-10-01

    During the 1990s, Brazil and Russia diverged in their policy response to AIDS. This is puzzling considering that both nations were globally integrated emerging economies transitioning to democracy. This article examines to what extent international pressures and partnerships with multilateral donors motivated these governments to increase and sustain federal spending and policy reforms. Contrary to this literature, the cases of Brazil and Russia suggest that these external factors were not important in achieving these outcomes. Furthermore, it is argued that Brazil's policy response was eventually stronger than Russia's and that it had more to do with domestic political and social factors: specifically, AIDS officials' efforts to cultivate a strong partnership with NGOs, the absence of officials' moral discriminatory outlook towards the AIDS community, and the government's interest in using policy reform as a means to bolster its international reputation in health.

  12. U.S. Foreign Policy and the Military Instrument of National Power: Important Questions and a Model for Developing Military Engagement Recommendations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    September 26, 2007). 8 policy was influenced not only by a Social Gospel21, but by influential theologians and one in particular named Reinhold...Service College Fellows. The views expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy ...or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. U.S. FOREIGN POLICY AND THE MILITARY INSTRUMENT OF

  13. Global Change and Africa: Implications for U.S. Policy. Report of the Strategy for Peace, U.S. Foreign Policy Conference (30th, Warrenton, Virginia, October 19-21, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Kathy, Comp.; And Others

    The Stanley Foundation annually assembles a panel of experts from the public and private sectors to assess specific foreign policy issues and to recommend future directions. The round-table discussion summarized in this report focused on the future of Africa and the changing global context of U.S. policy toward Africa. While the Cold War has…

  14. From Politics to Policy: Rethinking the Relationship between Language Centres and Modern Foreign Language Departments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dlaska, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    One of the key recommendations of the Worton Review of Modern Foreign Languages provision in higher education in England (2009) is more effective collaboration between language centres and language departments. This paper presents a fully integrated model of such collaboration and develops recommendations for language centres and language…

  15. The "Languages Review" in England: Foreign Language Planning in the Absence of an Overarching Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    Looked at from a certain distance, the "Languages Review" (Dearing & King, 2007) was seen by some in the foreign language (FL) education community, when it first came out, as a major disappointment because the authors had decided not to opt for the one measure that would reverse the falling numbers of students studying a foreign…

  16. Spanish Only for Foreign Language in the Elementary School (FLES): Competing Discourses in Local Language Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubota, Ryuko; Catlett, Shawna

    2008-01-01

    Teaching Spanish has become increasingly popular in the United States due to demographic shifts. This study focuses on a Spanish-only initiative for an existing Foreign Language in the Elementary School (FLES) program proposed by a southeastern public school district's school board. It analyzes discourses underlying the policymakers' rationales…

  17. U. S. Naval Strategy and Foreign Policy in China, 1945-1950.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-05

    Amethyst to protect the Crown’s interests. In their answer to a century of foreign domination of the waterways of China, communist gunners riddled the... Amethyst and seriously mauled the British cruiser London, and two other ships sent to the rescue. Only after heroic efforts were the British ships able to

  18. The Role of the Department of State in the Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-02-01

    traveled in Western Europe, Morocco, India and Pakistan. In addition to her degree programs, she has studied at the Sorbonne and the Ecole des Etudes...of the geog1"aphic buz-eaus. At present, the Foreign Service regards the idea. of greater Civil Service input into pol icy as heret icai , and the

  19. Soviet Foreign Policy in East Asia and the Pacific Under Gorbachev

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    making Soviet diplomatic <~I.~ 4 performance susceptible to a test against commitments made. + q Two years later in Krasnoyarsk , Gorbachev...34The "Fortress’ Opens", Newsweek, 17 October Gorbachev, Mikhail. speech given at Krasnoyarsk , USSR, 16 September 1988, Foreign Broadcast Information

  20. Third World Radical Regimes: U.S. Policy under Carter and Reagan. Foreign Policy Association Headline Series, No. 272.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lake, Anthony

    One in a series of booklets on world issues, this document evaluates United States policy toward the nations of Nicaragua, Afghanistan, Vietnam, South Africa, Libya, and Iran. Chapter one reviews United States relations with six radical regimes during the administrations of presidents Carter and Reagan and offers a number of lessons about the…

  1. One Nation...Indivisible? Ethnic Interest Groups and U.S. Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-04-01

    group’s efforts is the decision-maker possessing the power to influence events. Jürgen Habermas described the differences in public and quasi-public...Huntington, "The Erosion of American National Interests," Foreign Affairs, 76, no. 5 (September/October 1997): 40. 4 Jürgen Habermas , "On the...Concept of Public Opinion," in The Habermas Reader, ed. William Outhwaite (Oxford, U.K.: Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 1996), 37. 26 Chapter 6 Conclusion Will a

  2. Parsimony or Policy? Congress’ Attempt to Merge the Foreign Affairs Agencies in 1995

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    preservrng an adequate foreign assrstance budget would also work in favor of preserving USAID as an organizatron I2 It seemed to be the right ...Senate.23 After an attempt at cloture failed on August 1, Senate MaJority Leader Robert Dole pulled the bill, womed that other more pressing...reversed hunself, clearly womed about the impact thus move would have on Middle East peace.29 At this pomt, it appeared the issue should have lost rts

  3. 78 FR 41314 - Review of Foreign Ownership Policies for Common Carrier and Aeronautical Radio Licensees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS... Radio Licensees AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: In this document, the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) modifies the policies and procedures that apply...

  4. Venezuela’s Changing Foreign Policy Towards the United States: A Holistic Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-12-01

    few successful democracies in Latin America. It supports U.S. policy in El Salvador ; it is an important donor in the new Caribbean basin initiative...policy. Government spending increased while oil prices declined. The result was when Carlos Andres Perez took office in 1989 he inherited a...bankrupt state; total external debt was just over $29 billion.50 Upon assuming office Perez immediately implemented a textbook case of the Washington

  5. Beyond the Warsaw Pact: Russian Foreign Policy in East Central Europe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    NATO r. ision" (text). Warsaw PAP in English, 2142 GMT, 30 November 1990. (FBIS-ELJ-90-233, 4 December 1990): 27. " Kupa Assesses Economic Prospects for...1992" (text). Budapest Magyar Nenizet in Hungarian, 7 November 1991. Translated by FBIS. (FBIS-EEU-91-219, 13 November 1991): 21. " Kupa Encourages...Economic Ties with Soviets" (text). Budapest MTI in English, 1440 GMT, 19 June 1991. (FBIS-EEU-91-120, 21 June 1991): 14. " Kupa Expects Foreign Deficit to

  6. Unanswered Questions in Colombia's Foreign Language Education Policy (Preguntas por responder en la política educativa de lenguas extranjeras en Colombia)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonilla Carvajal, Camilo Andrés; Tejada-Sánchez, Isabel

    2016-01-01

    Following the trend of much of the Western, non-English speaking world, Colombia has tirelessly strived for spreading English education in an effort to augment economic benefits. This paper aims at providing a critical account of foreign language education policy in Colombia, with special attention to English. It outlines the impact of its…

  7. Debt and Democracy in Latin America. U.S. Foreign Policy Conference (30th, Airlie House, Proceedings on Strategy for Peace, Warrenton, Virginia, October 19-21, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.

    An annual assembly of a panel of experts from the public and private sectors assessed specific foreign policy issues and recommended future direction. The oneset of the debt crisis in 1982 generated fears regarding the future of democracy in Latin America. The focus on the assembled experts was on the role of external pressures and the impact of…

  8. Soviet Economic Reform: Socialism and Property. Report of the Strategy for Peace, U.S. Foreign Policy Conference (30th, Warrenton, Virginia, October 19-21, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Kathy, Comp.; And Others

    The Stanley Foundation annually assembles a panel of experts from the public and private sectors to assess specific foreign policy issues and to recommend future direction. The participants in the round-table discussion summarized in this report agreed that the Soviets are moving from a Marxist-Leninist version of socialism to a broader version,…

  9. Hierarchy and Community at Home and Abroad: Evidence of a Common Structure of Domestic and Foreign Policy Beliefs in American Elites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rathbun, Brian C.

    2007-01-01

    Although there is increasing evidence of a relationship between domestic and foreign policy attitudes among American elites, we have less of an idea about why these sets of attitudes cohere. The answer lies in a better understanding of what we mean when we talk about "left" and "right" or "liberal" and "conservative." Drawing on the literature on…

  10. Strategy for Peace 1984. The Stanley Foundation US Foreign Policy Conference Report (25th, Annapolis, Maryland, October 11-13, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.

    Proceedings are summarized of a conference in which 62 foreign policy professionals met to recommend strategies for peace in the areas of U.S.-Soviet competition in the Third World, space weapons and arms control, objectives of U.S. economic and security assistance, and the United States and UNESCO. Four sections focusing on each of these areas…

  11. Initial Survey of Foreign Language Teaching Policies, Facilities and Methodology in the Caribbean. Linguistic Documentation for the Developing Countries: Cases, Problems, Solutions, No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solomon, Denis, Comp.

    A study sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization had the following objectives: (1) to describe and evaluate the policies, practices, facilities, and methodology of foreign language teaching in the Commonwealth Caribbean, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Suriname, the Netherlands Antilles, and Cuba; (2) to…

  12. Disaster preparedness--formalizing a comparative advantage for the Department of Defense in U.S. global health and foreign policy.

    PubMed

    Licina, Derek

    2011-11-01

    Disaster preparedness is a comparative advantage of the Department of Defense (DoD) in the global health arena. It is in line with the domestic interest of sustaining foreign natural disaster assistance and the foreign policy interest of maintaining national security. The DoD humanitarian assistance policy guidance published in 2009 states Disaster Preparedness should be considered as a key priority in humanitarian assistance engagement. Unfortunately, a whole of government disaster preparedness program framework does not exist to facilitate effective and efficient implementation. Leveraging the United Nations Hyogo Framework for Action agreed upon by 168 nations to take action and reduce disaster risk by 2015, the DoD could synchronize disaster preparedness efforts with other interagency and international partners. Increased civilian-military cooperation in disaster risk reduction supports the whole of government approach to work in a more coherent manner in pursuit of shared foreign policy goals. It also maximizes the ability to deliver critical national capacity in the health sector and beyond. Disaster preparedness is an essential element of U.S. global health and foreign policy, and the DoD must be a critical partner in a whole of government approach.

  13. The Use of Tactical Airlift as a Tool of Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    policy pie and did not get the more visible equipment and supply support we have provided other earthquake victims. On the other hand, when floods...H.W. Wilson Company, 1986); and Jack C. Plano and Roy Olton, The International Relations Dictionary (Santa Barbara, Cal.: ABC-Clio, 1988), pp. 7-8. 16

  14. 16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...). Basically, the Policy states that in order to fully protect the American consumer from hazardous consumer... manufacturers, distributors, and retailers, carry out their obligations and responsibilities under the five Acts... recognizes the critical position of importers in protecting American consumers from unreasonably...

  15. The Potential of Applying Judeo-Christian Ethics to Tax Policy in Foreign Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamill, Susan Pace

    2008-01-01

    This article extends the author's previous domestic analysis of tax policy and education finance under the moral principles of Judeo-Christian ethics to the international arena, beginning with an examination of the English-speaking OECD countries, which are the most economically and culturally similar to the United States. Although the tax and…

  16. English for University Administrative Work: English Officialization Policy and Foreign Language Learning Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jeongyeon; Choi, Jinsook

    2014-01-01

    This study examines how the English officialization policy of higher education in an EFL context interplays with administrative workers' motivational orientations towards English learning. The data consisted of questionnaire responses of 117 administrative members with undergraduate degrees and qualitative interviews with 9 who answered the…

  17. Debtor States and the World Market: Explaining Mexican and Brazilian Foreign Economic Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gayle, Dennis John

    The ways in which world market instabilities affect indebted developing countries and explanations of their differential policy responses are the central issues addressed in this paper. The development of Brazil and Mexico is examined as examples of middle-income developing nations whose economies have assumed dependent development. Dependent…

  18. United States-China-Taiwan Foreign Policy and Economic Globalization: An Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    China” principle, continues to pay dividends and should be maintained. The Bush Administration’s China policy must be part of a larger Asian strategy...approach. WORD COUNT= 6493 17 ENDNOTES 1 Robert Manning, “Taiwan and the Future of Asian Security,” Politique International, Summer 2000: available from...Asian Security.” Politique International (Summer 2000). Available from <http://www.dfr.org/p/pubs/Manning Asian-Security Op-ed.html>. Internet

  19. A Decision for War: The Formulation of English Foreign Policy from September 1754 to July 1755.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-31

    products of vast impersonal forces such as commercial rivalry or imperialism. Policy evolved in a competitive political environment in which numerous...costs of goods and materials rose, the Flemish could not compete with the less expensive products of the English and Dutch merchants and manufacturers...cool on the subject. Newcastle was particularly happy about affairs in Spain. With the disgrace and fall of Ensenada, he wrote, "things are certainly

  20. Egypt between the Superpowers: Continuity or Change in Egyptian Foreign Policy under Mubarak.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    placed the normalization process with Israel in cold storage. Moreover, the new Soviet ambassador to Cairo, 31 . - . . . . . .. . . . . . . Alexander ...extend- ed four day visit he met with Al-Baz, Boutros-Ghali, and Abdel Halim Badawi in discussing bilateral relations and the current Middle East...distorted and do not reflect the policies of the Egyptian government [Ref. 38]. On September 24, the new Soviet ambassador, Alexander Bolotogov

  1. U.S. Foreign Policy and the UN System. Special Bibliography Series.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-10-01

    Routledge, 1992. (D 842 .C64 1992) (’ortnight, David , and George A. Lopez, eds. lconomic Sanctions: Panacea or lgacebuilding in a Post-Cold War...and More Peaceful World." International Affairs (Moscow) 3 (Spning 1995): 15-9. Rieff, David . "Illusions of Peacekeeping." World Policy Journal 11.3...Nov -Dc, 1993): 26-3 1 Safronchuk, Vassil y "UN. National Processes and Local Conflicts." International Affairs 3 (Spring 1995) 95-103 Segal, David R

  2. Growing Interdependence in Europe: Implications for U.S. Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-19

    descriptive poles within which the U.S. has oscillated. These are internationalism and isolationism . Over the past 45 years, the U.S. has moved...Domestic issues Isolationism Figure 1 A close and objective review of U.S. actions over the Cold War period will indicate that the U.S. has indeed...factors include political initiatives to encourage the spread of democracy, economic policy that reduces protectionism , and military strength that

  3. Correlation of Identity and Interest in Foreign Policy: Implications for Mongolia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    of policy for nation-states; for the reason that the latter is a too modern and dynamic institution to acquire such archaic features . b. Identity...population is composed of ethnic Mongols, considered to be autochthonous ethnie of the East Central Asian plateau. Linguistically , the Mongolian ...of Central Asia. Therefore, the Mongolian primordial identity (by virtue of geography, ethno- linguistic affiliation and lifestyle) is that of the

  4. Historical Review of U.S. Foreign Aid as a Tool of Foreign Policy in Israel and Egypt During 1952-1969

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-06

    FIGURE Figure 1. U.S. foreign aid given to Israel and Egypt during 1952-1969………………………...15 1 Introduction Hans Morgenthau , a...political theory of foreign aid, Morgenthau argued that the United States has interests abroad that cannot be secured by military means or by traditional...methods of diplomacy, and foreign aid is a means to support such interests.2 As noted by Morgenthau , the aid giver can derive political loyalties

  5. Writing Wrongs: Copying as a Strategy for Underachieving EFL Writers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porte, Graeme K.

    1995-01-01

    This paper reports on a small-scale study of the outcomes generated by 15 underachieving English-as-a-Foreign-Language university writers copying text displayed on a computer monitor under pressure of time. Analysis of student's copied texts showed that various inaccuracies that were not in the original had passed into the copied version,…

  6. Ambiguity and Its Effect on Foreign Policy Decision Strategies And Choice.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-16

    security-see James and Oneal 1991; Morgan and Bickers 1992; Ostrom and Job 1986) and also develops the list of possible alternatives to deal with the...policy decision-making (James and Oneal, .99.; Morgan and Bickers .992; Ostrom and Job, ,9S„). These dimensions areÄ. milUary, ec0„0Mfc. ^ ’ Mew...34Task Complexity and Contingent Processing in Decision-Making- A 2^00 iT ExtenS1°n" 0rS^izational Behavior andHuman Performance 62 Ostrom

  7. Regulatory policy and the location of bio-pharmaceutical foreign direct investment in Europe.

    PubMed

    Koenig, Pamina; Macgarvie, Megan

    2011-09-01

    This paper examines the relationship between cross-country differences in drug price regulation and the location of biopharmaceutical Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Europe. Simple theory predicts that price regulation in one country might affect total investment, but not the location of that investment, if sales are global. Nevertheless, some manufacturers threaten that the introduction of price regulation in a country will motivate them to move their investments to other countries. Are such threats cheap talk, or is there evidence that firms avoid price-controlling countries when making FDI location choices? We use data on 527 investments initiated in 27 European countries between 2002 and 2009 and find that investors are less likely to choose countries with price controls, after controlling for other determinants of investment. We also observe a relative decline in investment in countries that increased the stringency of regulatory regimes during our sample period. The effect is restricted to non-manufacturing investments and is most robust for those related to administrative functions.

  8. The Revista Médica project: medical journals as instruments of German foreign cultural policy towards Latin America, 1920-1938.

    PubMed

    Wulf, Stefan

    2013-03-01

    After the First World War, foreign cultural policy became one of the few fields in which Germany could act with relative freedom from the restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. In this context the Hamburg doctors Ludolph Brauer, Bernhard Nocht and Peter Mühlens created the Revista Médica de Hamburgo (as of 1928 Revista Médica Germano-Ibero-Americana), a monthly medical journal in Spanish (and occasionally in Portuguese), to increase German influence especially in Latin American countries. The focus of this article is on the protagonists of this project, the Hamburg doctors, the Foreign Office in Berlin, the German pharmaceutical industry, and the publishing houses involved.

  9. Understanding how and why health is integrated into foreign policy - a case study of health is global, a UK Government Strategy 2008–2013

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Over the past decade, global health issues have become more prominent in foreign policies at the national level. The process to develop state level global health strategies is arguably a form of global health diplomacy (GHD). Despite an increase in the volume of secondary research and analysis in this area, little primary research, particularly that which draws directly on the perspectives of those involved in these processes, has been conducted. This study seeks to fill this knowledge gap through an empirical case study of Health is Global: A UK Government Strategy 2008–2013. It aims to build understanding about how and why health is integrated into foreign policy and derive lessons of potential relevance to other nations interested in developing whole-of-government global health strategies. Methods The major element of the study consisted of an in-depth investigation and analysis of the UK global health strategy. Document analysis and twenty interviews were conducted. Data was organized and described using an adapted version of Walt and Gilson’s policy analysis triangle. A general inductive approach was used to identify themes in the data, which were then analysed and interpreted using Fidler’s health and foreign policy conceptualizations and Kingdon’s multiples streams model of the policymaking process. Results The primary reason that the UK decided to focus more on global health is self-interest - to protect national and international security and economic interests. Investing in global health was also seen as a way to enhance the UK’s international reputation. A focus on global health to primarily benefit other nations and improve global health per se was a prevalent through weaker theme. A well organized, credible policy community played a critical role in the process and a policy entrepreneur with expertise in both international relations and health helped catalyze attention and action on global health when the time was right. Support

  10. 22 CFR 65.4 - Copies of regulations to Department of State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Copies of regulations to Department of State. 65.4 Section 65.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES FOREIGN STUDENTS § 65.4 Copies of regulations to Department of State. In order to enable the Secretary of State...

  11. 22 CFR 65.4 - Copies of regulations to Department of State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Copies of regulations to Department of State. 65.4 Section 65.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES FOREIGN STUDENTS § 65.4 Copies of regulations to Department of State. In order to enable the Secretary of State...

  12. 22 CFR 65.4 - Copies of regulations to Department of State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Copies of regulations to Department of State. 65.4 Section 65.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES FOREIGN STUDENTS § 65.4 Copies of regulations to Department of State. In order to enable the Secretary of State...

  13. 22 CFR 65.4 - Copies of regulations to Department of State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Copies of regulations to Department of State. 65.4 Section 65.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES FOREIGN STUDENTS § 65.4 Copies of regulations to Department of State. In order to enable the Secretary of State...

  14. 22 CFR 65.4 - Copies of regulations to Department of State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Copies of regulations to Department of State. 65.4 Section 65.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES FOREIGN STUDENTS § 65.4 Copies of regulations to Department of State. In order to enable the Secretary of State...

  15. NASA printing, duplicating, and copying management handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    This handbook provides information and procedures for the implementation of NASA policy and applicable laws and regulations relating to printing, duplicating, and copying. The topics addressed include a description of relevant laws and regulations, authorizations required, and responsible entities for NASA printing, duplicating, and copying. The policy of NASA is to ensure understanding and application of authority and responsibility on printing matters. Where necessary, the handbook clarifies the intent of basic laws and regulations applicable to NASA.

  16. Breaking and Entering: Copying and Copy Protection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westlake, Wayne; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Describes several commercially-available computer programs which allow users to make copies of "protected" software. Current costs, program features, and ordering information are provided for these "encryption" programs. Also describes a monthly journal (The HARDCORE Computist) which focuses on unlocking copy-protected…

  17. The Foreign Student Dilemma.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altbach, Philip G.

    1985-01-01

    Analytical introduction and 313-item annotated bibliography address foreign student infrastructure, highlighting academic experiences and performance; adaptation problems; policies (institutional, industrialized nations, Third World nations); educational studies (attitudinal, behavioral, disciplinary, historical, statistical); issues (non-return,…

  18. Learner Autonomy in Foreign Language Policies in Vietnamese Universities: An Exploration of Teacher Agency from a Sociocultural Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phan, T. T. Huyen; Hamid, M. Obaidul

    2017-01-01

    Learner autonomy (LA) is generally accepted as an important goal, either explicit or implicit, in language education policies across polities. Fostering LA in educational settings primarily depends on the role of teachers in enacting macro-level policies at the micro level. While various top-down and bottom-up frameworks for language policy…

  19. Latin American Cultural Resiliency to External Foreign Policy: Strategic Implications for the United States as China Extends Into Latin America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-04

    on an “ever-expanding network of free-trade agreements and broadly orthodox fiscal and monetary policies .”1 Mexico coupled its pursuit of aggressive...currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 04 – 04 – 2016 2. REPORT TYPE ... Policy : Strategic Implications for the United States as China Extends Into Latin America 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  20. Latin American Cultural Resiliency to External Foreign Policy: Strategic Implications for the United States as China Extends into Latin America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-04

    on an “ever-expanding network of free-trade agreements and broadly orthodox fiscal and monetary policies .”1 Mexico coupled its pursuit of aggressive...currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 04 – 04 – 2016 2. REPORT TYPE ... Policy : Strategic Implications for the United States as China Extends Into Latin America 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  1. Indochina Policy for the Next Administration. Report of the Strategy for Peace, US Foreign Policy Conference (29th, Warrenton, Virginia, October 13-15, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.

    Recommended guidelines for U.S. policy toward Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos were developed by a bipartisan group of experts. General premises are stated first, followed by specific recommendations on how to assist in bringing about a settlement in Cambodia; how to pursue U.S. bilateral relations with Vietnam on refugees, the prisoner of war/missing…

  2. Copy-left and Copy-right

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    VanderPlas, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Any discussion of open licensing almost invariably devolves into a debate between copy-left licenses and permissive licenses, both sides defending their views with a nearly religious fervor. Copy-left licenses, typified by the GPL family of licenses, require all derived products to maintain the open, GPL license. Permissive licenses, typified by the BSD family of licenses, do not impose such requirements. I'll briefly explore the common arguments put forth in favor of either approach, and discuss some concrete examples of where these approaches have helped or hindered the software packages that used them.

  3. Cultural Diplomacy and its Presentation in International Affairs Textbooks, 1945-1971. A Study of the Treatment Accorded International Education and Cultural Relations in 171 Textbooks on International Relations, Foreign Policy, and International Organization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flack, Michael J.; And Others

    International education and cultural relations (IEC) are surveyed in the content of books from three areas of political science--international relations, foreign policy, and international organizations. One hundred seventy one texts published in the U.S. from 1945-mid 1971 are statistically analyzed in terms of amount of consideration of IEC;…

  4. 26 CFR 46.4371-2 - Imposition of tax on policies issued by foreign insurers; scope of tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... indemnity, fidelity, or surety bond is made, continued, or renewed, if issued: (1) By a nonresident alien... section 4372(c). (b) Life insurance, sickness, and accident policies, and annuity contracts. Unless the... contract is made, continued, or renewed, if issued: (1) By a nonresident alien individual, a...

  5. 26 CFR 46.4371-2 - Imposition of tax on policies issued by foreign insurers; scope of tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... indemnity, fidelity, or surety bond is made, continued, or renewed, if issued: (1) By a nonresident alien... section 4372(c). (b) Life insurance, sickness, and accident policies, and annuity contracts. Unless the... contract is made, continued, or renewed, if issued: (1) By a nonresident alien individual, a...

  6. 26 CFR 46.4371-2 - Imposition of tax on policies issued by foreign insurers; scope of tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... indemnity, fidelity, or surety bond is made, continued, or renewed, if issued: (1) By a nonresident alien... section 4372(c). (b) Life insurance, sickness, and accident policies, and annuity contracts. Unless the... contract is made, continued, or renewed, if issued: (1) By a nonresident alien individual, a...

  7. 77 FR 70400 - Reform of Rules and Policies on Foreign Carrier Entry Into the U.S. Telecommunications Market

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ...: Sec. 63.18 Contents of applications for international common carriers. * * * * * (k) * * * (3) The... international telecommunications services and facilities under section 214 of Communications Act of 1934, as... INFORMATION CONTACT: Jodi Cooper or James Ball, Policy Division, International Bureau, FCC, (202) 418-1460...

  8. Credibility in Peril: The Mismatch Between UK Foreign Policy and Capability in Deterring Aggression in the South Atlantic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-26

    by another. In Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s 2005 “World without Zionism” speech, an English metaphor was applied to a phrase that was...outlines the history and legality of the FI claims in the context of the stated UK and Argentine policies to compare the resolve or desired ends of...wealth that increases its strategic significance.4 From an international legal standpoint, the United Nations (UN) Charter advocates primacy for the

  9. Liberal, Imperial, and Economic Motivation of U.S. Foreign Policy in the Philippines 1898-1946

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    compromised by the personality of Quezon and the increased separation between the government elites and the citizens facilitated by coconut oil revenues...that of economic interest which was strictly in favor of policy benefiting the United States economically regardless of the question of independence...political will to intervene.[63] Likewise when it became apparent that the windfall millions of dollars accrued to the commonwealth government from coconut

  10. Effects and Counter Effects of United States Foreign and Economic Policies with the Third World--A South Asian View.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-04

    South Africa . Whether these moves take place or not the Soviets have developed an outstanding advantage in the form of enormous numbers of satel- lite...not be expected to agree to a US support of South Africa . Some governments will recognize the vital strategic importance of South Africa and the...necessity to safeguard this, whilst gradually per- suading the South African government to change the Aparthied policies, but 34 very few or none will

  11. 22 CFR 501.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Policy. 501.1 Section 501.1 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS APPOINTMENT OF FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICERS § 501.1 Policy. It is the policy of the Broadcasting Board of Governors that Foreign Service Officers occupy positions in which there is a need...

  12. BRACEROS, MEXICO, AND FOREIGN TRADE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1966

    CRITICISM OF GOVERNMENTAL POLICY RESTRICTING USE OF FOREIGN CONTRACT WORKERS ON AMERICAN FARMS IN 1965 EXPRESSES THREE POSSIBILITIES -- (1) A SEVERE DISRUPTION OF DOMESTIC FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTION, (2) AN INCREASE OF AMERICAN INVESTMENT IN FOREIGN, PARTICULARLY MEXICAN, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, AND (3) A LOSS OF UNITED STATES EXPORT MARKET…

  13. Copy Machine Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sommer, Jean

    1984-01-01

    Images created with copy machines make children feel successful, as their work acquires the authority of being printed. Students can learn advanced processes like electrostatic image-making and can get involved in projects like making collages. They acquire an appreciation of design and of two-dimensional composition. (CS)

  14. 28 CFR 5.1101 - Copies of the Report of the Attorney General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Copies of the Report of the Attorney General. 5.1101 Section 5.1101 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF FOREIGN AGENTS REGISTRATION ACT OF 1938, AS AMENDED § 5.1101 Copies of the Report of...

  15. 28 CFR 5.1101 - Copies of the Report of the Attorney General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Copies of the Report of the Attorney General. 5.1101 Section 5.1101 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF FOREIGN AGENTS REGISTRATION ACT OF 1938, AS AMENDED § 5.1101 Copies of the Report of...

  16. 10 CFR 205.307 - Form and style; number of copies

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Form and style; number of copies 205.307 Section 205.307 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and... Electric Energy to A Foreign Country § 205.307 Form and style; number of copies An original and...

  17. 10 CFR 205.307 - Form and style; number of copies

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Form and style; number of copies 205.307 Section 205.307 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and... Electric Energy to A Foreign Country § 205.307 Form and style; number of copies An original and...

  18. 10 CFR 205.307 - Form and style; number of copies

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Form and style; number of copies 205.307 Section 205.307 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and... Electric Energy to A Foreign Country § 205.307 Form and style; number of copies An original and...

  19. 10 CFR 205.307 - Form and style; number of copies

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Form and style; number of copies 205.307 Section 205.307 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and... Electric Energy to A Foreign Country § 205.307 Form and style; number of copies An original and...

  20. 10 CFR 205.307 - Form and style; number of copies

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Form and style; number of copies 205.307 Section 205.307 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Electric Power System Permits and... Electric Energy to A Foreign Country § 205.307 Form and style; number of copies An original and...

  1. American Foreign Policy: Regional Perspectives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-15

    economic growth and op- portunities, and diminishes the quality of life for all. To support Latin American countries better in their quest to improve...the Middle East at the ground level, with private- sector civilian programs to help improve the quality of life and good governance in the region...more than just the virtual foundations of the postmodern information society. 4. Energy and environmental insecurity have reached a tipping point. The

  2. Foreign Aid Reform: Studies and Recommendations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-28

    coherence to U.S. foreign assistance policy, provide budget transparency, and allow for monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness of foreign... monitoring and evaluation , human resources, procurement, and emergency response. Improve Policy and Agency Coordination A majority of the...the U.S. government evaluation of the effectiveness of foreign aid programs to be inadequate. Eight of the reports call for better monitoring and evaluation of

  3. Foreign Language Planning in Saudi Arabia: Beyond English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, Mark; Almansour, Maram

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents findings from an exploratory study of foreign language planning in Saudi Arabia. In terms of official policy, the sole foreign language taught in Saudi public schools is English. Therefore, researching foreign languages there is often limited to researching the area of English as a Foreign Language. However, evidence shows that…

  4. Multi-Ethnicity in the Malaysian Workplace: The Net Balance of 35 Years of Affirmative Policies as Observed by a Foreign Visitor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montesino, Max U.

    2007-01-01

    This paper looks at the net societal balance of post-independence affirmative action policies in Malaysia. Social imbalances prompted the country to implement affirmative policies to uplift the majority natives (Malays, Indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak, etc.). These policies were reluctantly accepted by the immigrant communities (Chinese,…

  5. Rare Copy Number Variants

    PubMed Central

    Grozeva, Detelina; Kirov, George; Ivanov, Dobril; Jones, Ian R.; Jones, Lisa; Green, Elaine K.; St Clair, David M.; Young, Allan H.; Ferrier, Nicol; Farmer, Anne E.; McGuffin, Peter; Holmans, Peter A.; Owen, Michael J.; O’Donovan, Michael C.; Craddock, Nick

    2015-01-01

    Context Recent studies suggest that copy number variation in the human genome is extensive and may play an important role in susceptibility to disease, including neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and autism. The possible involvement of copy number variants (CNVs) in bipolar disorder has received little attention to date. Objectives To determine whether large (>100 000 base pairs) and rare (found in <1% of the population) CNVs are associated with susceptibility to bipolar disorder and to compare with findings in schizophrenia. Design A genome-wide survey of large, rare CNVs in a case-control sample using a high-density microarray. Setting The Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium. Participants There were 1697 cases of bipolar disorder and 2806 nonpsychiatric controls. All participants were white UK residents. Main Outcome Measures Overall load of CNVs and presence of rare CNVs. Results The burden of CNVs in bipolar disorder was not increased compared with controls and was significantly less than in schizophrenia cases. The CNVs previously implicated in the etiology of schizophrenia were not more common in cases with bipolar disorder. Conclusions Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder differ with respect to CNV burden in general and association with specific CNVs in particular. Our data are consistent with the possibility that possession of large, rare deletions may modify the phenotype in those at risk of psychosis: those possessing such events are more likely to be diagnosed as having schizophrenia, and those without them are more likely to be diagnosed as having bipolar disorder. PMID:20368508

  6. 31 CFR 535.566 - Unblocking of foreign currency deposits held by U.S.-owned or controlled foreign firms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unblocking of foreign currency... Licensing Policy § 535.566 Unblocking of foreign currency deposits held by U.S.-owned or controlled foreign... of blocked dollar deposits into foreign currencies are not authorized....

  7. 11. Photographic copy of copy of Twin Lakes Outlet Works ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Photographic copy of copy of Twin Lakes Outlet Works construction drawing dated January 15, 1951. Drawn by W.A. Doe for the Twin Lakes Reservoir and Canal Co. (copy in possession of Bureau of Reclamation, location of original unknown) 'AS CONSTRUCTED' PLANS OF 1949-1950, REHABILITATION OF TWIN LAKES RESERVOIR OUTLET WORKS, DETAILS OF UPSTREAM WING WALLS. - Twin Lakes Dam & Outlet Works, Beneath Twin Lakes Reservoir, T11S, R80W, S22, Twin Lakes, Lake County, CO

  8. 12. Photographic copy of copy of Twin Lakes Outlet Works ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Photographic copy of copy of Twin Lakes Outlet Works construction drawing dated January 15, 1951. Drawn by W.A. Doe for the Twin Lakes Reservoir and Canal Co. (copy in possession of Bureau of Reclamation, location of original unknown) 'AS CONSTRUCTED' PLANS OF 1949-50, REHABILITATION OF TWIN LAKES RESERVOIR OUTLET WORKS, DETAILS OF DISCHARGE BASIN. - Twin Lakes Dam & Outlet Works, Beneath Twin Lakes Reservoir, T11S, R80W, S22, Twin Lakes, Lake County, CO

  9. [Foreigners, 1989].

    PubMed

    Fleischer, H

    1990-08-01

    The first part of this article contains data on the foreign population in West Germany in 1989, along with some comparative statistics for earlier years. Information is included on population size, births and deaths, international migration, refugees, regional distribution, nationality, and age structure. The second part provides summary statistics on foreigners in East Germany.

  10. Photocopy of copy of 1922 map, revised in 1936. Copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of copy of 1922 map, revised in 1936. Copy in the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center Directorate of Public Works, building 118. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Bounded by East Colfax to south, Peoria Street to west, Denver City/County & Adams County Line to north, & U.S. Route 255 to east, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  11. 10. Photographic copy of copy of original construction drawing, dated ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Photographic copy of copy of original construction drawing, dated 1899?. Original in possession of Twin Lakes Reservoir and Canal Company, Ordway, Colorado. PLAN OF DAM AND HEAD GATES FOR THE TWIN LAKES RESERVOIR. - Twin Lakes Dam & Outlet Works, Beneath Twin Lakes Reservoir, T11S, R80W, S22, Twin Lakes, Lake County, CO

  12. Students' Preferences on the Use of Mother Tongue in English as a Foreign Language Classrooms: Is It the Time to Re-Examine English-Only Policies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debreli, Emre; Oyman, Nadire

    2016-01-01

    In literature on bilingual teaching, different perspectives exist for and against the use of first language (L1) in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classrooms. There is a continuing matter of debate on whether L1 contributes to or precludes the learning of a second language (L2). Numerous studies have been conducted on this topic, but no clear…

  13. Do Inclusion Practices for Pupils with Special Educational Needs in the English as a Foreign Language Class in Israel Reflect Inclusion Laws and Language Policy Requirements?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russak, Susie

    2016-01-01

    The study of additional languages is mandatory for all pupils in most European countries. Usually, the first foreign language is English. This is due to the status of English as a global language. According to inclusion laws, pupils with special educational needs (SEN) should be taught in regular classes with support services by teachers with…

  14. Mechanisms of COPI vesicle formation

    PubMed Central

    Hsu, Victor W.; Yang, Jia-Shu

    2009-01-01

    Coat Protein I (COPI) is one of the most intensely investigated coat complexes. Numerous studies have contributed to a general understanding of how coat proteins act to initiate intracellular vesicular transport. This review highlights key recent findings that have shaped our current understanding of how COPI vesicles are formed. PMID:19854177

  15. Counting copy number and calories.

    PubMed

    White, Stefan

    2015-08-01

    Copy number variation (CNV) at several genomic loci has been associated with different human traits and diseases, but in many cases the findings could not be replicated. A new study provides insights into the degree of variation present at the amylase locus and calls into question a previous association between amylase copy number and body mass index.

  16. Extending Word Processing for Foreign Characters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melby, Alan K.

    1984-01-01

    Presents short text in French and discusses possible methods of extending word processing to allow text entry, text editing, and hard copy output of foreign characters. Highlights include discussions of using ASCII for English and problems with French, one-character and two-character approaches, and examples in terms of specific microcomputer…

  17. National Foreign Language Planning: Practices and Prospects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sajavaara, Kari, Ed.; And Others

    A selection of essays on foreign language planning at the national level contains articles on the language planning process, language choice, teacher education, testing and assessment, and transnational planning. Essays include the following: "Foreign Language Teaching Policy: Some Planning Issues" (Theo J. M. van Els); "Foreign…

  18. 12 CFR 347.113 - Restrictions applicable to activities by a foreign organization in the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... foreign organization engages in the United States are incidental to its international or foreign business... representative office. (2) The following activities are incidental to international or foreign business: (i... INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING §...

  19. Foreign Languages for Business in the Secondary School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grosse, Christine Uber

    A survey of the 20 most populous states concerning their secondary school provision of foreign languages for business is reported. State foreign language supervisors were interviewed for information on state policy or planning for the inclusion of foreign language for business or applied language studies, for information about specific programs or…

  20. The College Handbook. Foreign Student Supplement, 1987-88.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY. Coll. Scholarship Service.

    Information on foreign student policies at 1,955 accredited U.S. colleges and universities is presented. Separate sections for undergraduate and graduate students provide detailed information in a tabular format, including degree levels offered, enrollment for both foreign and U.S. students, admissions tests and English as a foreign language…

  1. Zero-Copy Objects System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burleigh, Scott C.

    2011-01-01

    Zero-Copy Objects System software enables application data to be encapsulated in layers of communication protocol without being copied. Indirect referencing enables application source data, either in memory or in a file, to be encapsulated in place within an unlimited number of protocol headers and/or trailers. Zero-copy objects (ZCOs) are abstract data access representations designed to minimize I/O (input/output) in the encapsulation of application source data within one or more layers of communication protocol structure. They are constructed within the heap space of a Simple Data Recorder (SDR) data store to which all participating layers of the stack must have access. Each ZCO contains general information enabling access to the core source data object (an item of application data), together with (a) a linked list of zero or more specific extents that reference portions of this source data object, and (b) linked lists of protocol header and trailer capsules. The concatenation of the headers (in ascending stack sequence), the source data object extents, and the trailers (in descending stack sequence) constitute the transmitted data object constructed from the ZCO. This scheme enables a source data object to be encapsulated in a succession of protocol layers without ever having to be copied from a buffer at one layer of the protocol stack to an encapsulating buffer at a lower layer of the stack. For large source data objects, the savings in copy time and reduction in memory consumption may be considerable.

  2. The Ascendance of Iran: A Study of the Emergence of an Assertive Iranian Foreign Policy and Its Impact on Iranian-Soviet Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-06-01

    use of Kurdish as the official language within that state. Earlier a similar orgnization with similar objectives had been formed among the Azeri... modern decision-making systems. 3 tbid., P. 9. Due to the nature of the problem addressed by this study, which requires an appraisal of the Soviet...cultural features of policy-making in Iran, including the traditional role of the monarch in decision-making and the unique impact of Shia Islam, both

  3. 22 CFR 1500.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Policy. 1500.2 Section 1500.2 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION SUNSHINE REGULATIONS § 1500.2 Policy. It is the policy of the African Development Foundation to provide the public with the fullest practical information regarding its...

  4. 15 CFR 15.31 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy. 15.31 Section 15.31 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce LEGAL PROCEEDINGS Statement of Policy and Procedures Regarding Indemnification of Department of Commerce Employees § 15.31 Policy. (a) The...

  5. 22 CFR 308.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Policy. 308.2 Section 308.2 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 308.2 Policy. It is the policy of the Peace Corps to protect, preserve and defend the right of privacy of any individual as to whom the...

  6. 22 CFR 308.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Policy. 308.2 Section 308.2 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 308.2 Policy. It is the policy of the Peace Corps to protect, preserve and defend the right of privacy of any individual as to whom the...

  7. 22 CFR 308.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Policy. 308.2 Section 308.2 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 308.2 Policy. It is the policy of the Peace Corps to protect, preserve and defend the right of privacy of any individual as to whom the...

  8. 22 CFR 308.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Policy. 308.2 Section 308.2 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 308.2 Policy. It is the policy of the Peace Corps to protect, preserve and defend the right of privacy of any individual as to whom the...

  9. 22 CFR 308.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Policy. 308.2 Section 308.2 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 308.2 Policy. It is the policy of the Peace Corps to protect, preserve and defend the right of privacy of any individual as to whom the...

  10. 22 CFR 212.51 - General policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Research Purposes § 212.51 General policy. (a) The Agency will open its records on an equitable basis to.... (b) Access for research purposes to the classified foreign policy records in the Agency's custody... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General policy. 212.51 Section 212.51...

  11. Foreign grants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program offers opportunities for support of research in Burma, Guinea, India, and Pakistan in astrophysics and earth sciences. Opportunities also are available in the following disciplines: anthropology, archeology and related topics, systematic and environmental biology, and museum programs.Grants in the local currencies of the countries listed above are awarded to American institutions for research by senior scientists. Collaborative programs involving host country institutions are welcome. Awards are determined on the basis of competitive scholarly review. The deadline for submission of applications is November 1 each year. For further information, contact the Foreign Currency Program, Office of Fellowships and Grants, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 (telephone: 202-287-3321).

  12. Foreign grants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, a national research grants program, offers opportunities for support of research in Burma, Guinea, India, and Pakistan in astrophysics and earth sciences; anthropology, archeology, and related disciplines; systematic and environmental biology; and museum programs.Grants in the local currencies of the countries are awarded to U.S. institutions for research by senior scientists; collaborative programs involving host country institutions are welcome. Awards are determined on the basis of competitive scholarly review.

  13. To Copy-Protect or Not to Copy-Protect?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sacks, Jonathan

    1985-01-01

    Discusses the issues of software piracy, why people illegally copy software, protection afforded software developers by copyright laws, and current and future methods of disk-based protection built into software by developers and the problems these methods have created. (MBR)

  14. 15 CFR 744.11 - License requirements that apply to entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. 744.11... national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. BIS may impose foreign policy export... of being or becoming involved in activities that are contrary to the national security or...

  15. 15 CFR 744.11 - License requirements that apply to entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. 744.11... national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. BIS may impose foreign policy export... of being or becoming involved in activities that are contrary to the national security or...

  16. 19 CFR 133.22 - Restrictions on importation of articles bearing copying or simulating trademarks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Restrictions on importation of articles bearing... Importations Bearing Recorded Marks or Trade § 133.22 Restrictions on importation of articles bearing copying...) Denial of entry. Any articles of foreign or domestic manufacture imported into the United States...

  17. 37 CFR 1.217 - Publication of a redacted copy of an application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... each such foreign-filed application that is in a language other than English, and a statement that the... Office correspondence previously received by applicant including any desired redactions, and a second... redactions, and a second copy of each submission previously filed by the applicant showing the...

  18. Foreign Language Education in Primary Schools in the People's Republic of China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Minglin

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyses the national policies on foreign language in primary schools in the People's Republic of China (PRC). It begins with a brief introduction to the changes in foreign language education policy and the main motives for those changes in the context of socio-political circumstances. It then examines foreign language education in…

  19. 33 CFR 187.313 - Must a State honor a prior State title, Coast Guard documentation, and foreign registry?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... title, Coast Guard documentation, and foreign registry? 187.313 Section 187.313 Navigation and Navigable..., Coast Guard documentation, and foreign registry? (a) A State must honor a title issued by another State.... (c) A State must honor an authenticated copy of a foreign registry, or evidence of deletion from...

  20. 15 CFR 1170.3 - General policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... as when foreign competitors are producting competing products in non-metric units. (a) The Secretary... necessary organizational structure, and allocating appropriate resources to carry out this policy....

  1. Russian National Security Policy: Perceptions, Policies, and Prospects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-07-01

    that policy in terms of factors influencing Russian national security policy formulation, Russia’s perceptions of the world and itself, current Russian...security and foreign policies in key regions of the world , and prospects for Russian interests and actions in the world and especially with regard to the United States.

  2. 48 CFR 1401.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Copies. 1401.105-3 Section 1401.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1401.105-3 Copies. Copies of...

  3. 48 CFR 1401.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Copies. 1401.105-3 Section 1401.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1401.105-3 Copies. Copies of...

  4. 48 CFR 1401.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Copies. 1401.105-3 Section 1401.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1401.105-3 Copies. Copies of...

  5. 48 CFR 1401.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Copies. 1401.105-3 Section 1401.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 1401.105-3 Copies. Copies of...

  6. 14 CFR 187.7 - Copies; seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Copies; seal. 187.7 Section 187.7... REGULATIONS FEES § 187.7 Copies; seal. The fees for furnishing photostatic or similar copies of documents and for affixation of the seal for a certification or validation are the same as those provided in...

  7. 14 CFR 187.7 - Copies; seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Copies; seal. 187.7 Section 187.7... REGULATIONS FEES § 187.7 Copies; seal. The fees for furnishing photostatic or similar copies of documents and for affixation of the seal for a certification or validation are the same as those provided in...

  8. 14 CFR 187.7 - Copies; seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Copies; seal. 187.7 Section 187.7... REGULATIONS FEES § 187.7 Copies; seal. The fees for furnishing photostatic or similar copies of documents and for affixation of the seal for a certification or validation are the same as those provided in...

  9. 14 CFR 187.7 - Copies; seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Copies; seal. 187.7 Section 187.7... REGULATIONS FEES § 187.7 Copies; seal. The fees for furnishing photostatic or similar copies of documents and for affixation of the seal for a certification or validation are the same as those provided in...

  10. 14 CFR 187.7 - Copies; seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Copies; seal. 187.7 Section 187.7... REGULATIONS FEES § 187.7 Copies; seal. The fees for furnishing photostatic or similar copies of documents and for affixation of the seal for a certification or validation are the same as those provided in...

  11. 48 CFR 3401.104-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Copies. 3401.104-3 Section 3401.104-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL ED ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 3401.104-3 Copies. Copies of...

  12. 48 CFR 2001.104-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Copies. 2001.104-3 Section 2001.104-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 2001.104-3 Copies. Copies...

  13. 48 CFR 2001.104-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Copies. 2001.104-3 Section 2001.104-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 2001.104-3 Copies. Copies...

  14. 48 CFR 2001.104-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Copies. 2001.104-3 Section 2001.104-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 2001.104-3 Copies. Copies...

  15. 48 CFR 2001.104-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Copies. 2001.104-3 Section 2001.104-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 2001.104-3 Copies. Copies...

  16. 48 CFR 2001.104-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Copies. 2001.104-3 Section 2001.104-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 2001.104-3 Copies. Copies...

  17. 36 CFR 703.20 - File copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false File copies. 703.20 Section... Is Not a Party § 703.20 File copies. The Office of the General Counsel will maintain the official file of copies of all demands served on the Library and deciding officials' responses....

  18. 22 CFR 706.31 - How do I request copies of or access to OPIC records that are not otherwise available to the public?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true How do I request copies of or access to OPIC records that are not otherwise available to the public? 706.31 Section 706.31 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION Procedures for...

  19. 22 CFR 706.31 - How do I request copies of or access to OPIC records that are not otherwise available to the public?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true How do I request copies of or access to OPIC records that are not otherwise available to the public? 706.31 Section 706.31 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION Procedures for...

  20. 22 CFR 706.21 - What types of OPIC records are publicly available, and how do I obtain access to or copies of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true What types of OPIC records are publicly available, and how do I obtain access to or copies of these records? 706.21 Section 706.21 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION Procedures...

  1. 22 CFR 706.31 - How do I request copies of or access to OPIC records that are not otherwise available to the public?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true How do I request copies of or access to OPIC records that are not otherwise available to the public? 706.31 Section 706.31 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION Procedures for...

  2. 22 CFR 706.21 - What types of OPIC records are publicly available, and how do I obtain access to or copies of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true What types of OPIC records are publicly available, and how do I obtain access to or copies of these records? 706.21 Section 706.21 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION Procedures...

  3. 15 CFR 2008.4 - Basic policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Basic policy. 2008.4 Section 2008.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12065; OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES...

  4. 15 CFR 2008.4 - Basic policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basic policy. 2008.4 Section 2008.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12065; OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES...

  5. 48 CFR 947.7001 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION Foreign Travel 947.7001 Policy. Contractor foreign travel shall be conducted pursuant to the requirements contained in DOE Order 551.1C, or its successor, Official Foreign Travel, or any subsequent version of the order in effect at the time of award....

  6. 48 CFR 947.7001 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION Foreign Travel 947.7001 Policy. Contractor foreign travel shall be conducted pursuant to the requirements contained in DOE Order 551.1C, or its successor, Official Foreign Travel, or any subsequent version of the order in effect at the time of award....

  7. 15 CFR 2008.4 - Basic policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Basic policy. 2008.4 Section 2008.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12065; OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES...

  8. 15 CFR 2008.4 - Basic policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Basic policy. 2008.4 Section 2008.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12065; OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES...

  9. 15 CFR 2008.4 - Basic policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Basic policy. 2008.4 Section 2008.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS TO IMPLEMENT E.O. 12065; OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES...

  10. 15 CFR 2002.0 - Trade Policy Committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Trade Policy Committee. 2002.0 Section 2002.0 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE OPERATION OF COMMITTEES § 2002.0 Trade Policy Committee. (a) The Trade...

  11. 15 CFR 2002.2 - Trade Policy Staff Committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Trade Policy Staff Committee. 2002.2 Section 2002.2 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE OPERATION OF COMMITTEES § 2002.2 Trade Policy Staff Committee. (a)...

  12. 15 CFR 2002.1 - Trade Policy Committee Review Group.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Trade Policy Committee Review Group. 2002.1 Section 2002.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE OPERATION OF COMMITTEES § 2002.1 Trade Policy...

  13. Copying and Evolution of Neuronal Topology

    PubMed Central

    Fernando, Chrisantha; Karishma, K. K.; Szathmáry, Eörs

    2008-01-01

    We propose a mechanism for copying of neuronal networks that is of considerable interest for neuroscience for it suggests a neuronal basis for causal inference, function copying, and natural selection within the human brain. To date, no model of neuronal topology copying exists. We present three increasingly sophisticated mechanisms to demonstrate how topographic map formation coupled with Spike-Time Dependent Plasticity (STDP) can copy neuronal topology motifs. Fidelity is improved by error correction and activity-reverberation limitation. The high-fidelity topology-copying operator is used to evolve neuronal topologies. Possible roles for neuronal natural selection are discussed. PMID:19020662

  14. 22 CFR 1507.2 - General policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... permitted only where an important public policy need for such exemptions has been determined pursuant to... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true General policies. 1507.2 Section 1507.2 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL INFORMATION § 1507.2 General...

  15. 22 CFR 303.3 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Policy. 303.3 Section 303.3 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 303.3 Policy. The Peace Corps will make its records concerning its operations, activities, and business available...

  16. 22 CFR 303.3 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Policy. 303.3 Section 303.3 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 303.3 Policy. The Peace Corps will make its records concerning its operations, activities, and business available...

  17. 22 CFR 303.3 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Policy. 303.3 Section 303.3 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 303.3 Policy. The Peace Corps will make its records concerning its operations, activities, and business available...

  18. 22 CFR 303.3 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Policy. 303.3 Section 303.3 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 303.3 Policy. The Peace Corps will make its records concerning its operations, activities, and business available...

  19. 22 CFR 507.1 - General policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true General policies. 507.1 Section 507.1 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING OPEN MEETINGS UNDER THE SUNSHINE ACT FOR THE BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS § 507.1 General policies. The Broadcasting Board of Governors...

  20. 22 CFR 207.01 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Policy. 207.01 Section 207.01 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INDEMNIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES § 207.01 Policy. (a) A.I.D. may... employees) for any verdict, judgment or other monetary award which is rendered against any such...

  1. 22 CFR 21.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Policy. 21.1 Section 21.1 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL INDEMNIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES § 21.1 Policy. (a) The Department of State may indemnify an employee for any verdict, judgment, or other monetary award which is rendered against...

  2. 15 CFR 5.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy. 5.2 Section 5.2 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce OPERATION OF VENDING STANDS § 5.2 Policy. (a) The... its continuance. (e) Disagreements concerning the denial, revocation, or modification of a permit...

  3. 22 CFR 9a.2 - General policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General policy. 9a.2 Section 9a.2 Foreign... ENERGY PROGRAMS; RELATED MATERIAL § 9a.2 General policy. (a) The United States has entered into the... the IEA. Confidentiality is essential to assure the free and open discussion necessary to...

  4. 77 FR 73456 - Update to the TR-12 Fuel Related Rate Adjustment Policy (SDDC Fuel Surcharge Policy)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ... Department of the Army Update to the TR-12 Fuel Related Rate Adjustment Policy (SDDC Fuel Surcharge Policy...: Reference: TR-12 Fuel Related Rate Adjustment Policy. Background: The following FRA policy applies to... increases in diesel fuel prices. Miscellaneous: A copy of the TR-12 FRA Policy can be accessed via the...

  5. 37 CFR 1.55 - Claim for foreign priority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... language translation of a non-English language foreign application is not required except: (A) When the...) If an English language translation is required, it must be filed together with a statement that the translation of the certified copy is accurate. (b) An applicant in a nonprovisional application may...

  6. 46 CFR 153.9 - Foreign flag vessel endorsement application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... endorsement from the cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection and have aboard the vessel copies of IMO Certificates issued by the vessel's administration and— (1) An additional classification society statement that... 46 Shipping 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Foreign flag vessel endorsement application....

  7. 46 CFR 153.9 - Foreign flag vessel endorsement application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... endorsement from the cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection and have aboard the vessel copies of IMO Certificates issued by the vessel's administration and— (1) An additional classification society statement that... 46 Shipping 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Foreign flag vessel endorsement application....

  8. 46 CFR 153.9 - Foreign flag vessel endorsement application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... endorsement from the cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection and have aboard the vessel copies of IMO Certificates issued by the vessel's administration and— (1) An additional classification society statement that... 46 Shipping 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Foreign flag vessel endorsement application....

  9. 46 CFR 153.9 - Foreign flag vessel endorsement application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... endorsement from the cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection and have aboard the vessel copies of IMO Certificates issued by the vessel's administration and— (1) An additional classification society statement that... 46 Shipping 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Foreign flag vessel endorsement application....

  10. 22 CFR 161.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... environmental concerns and, when consistent with the foreign policy of the United States, lend appropriate... POLICY ACT (NEPA) General § 161.2 Policy. It is the policy of the Department of State to use all... appropriate, Federal, State and local governmental authorities and public involvement in decisions...

  11. 32 CFR 268.3 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements of the National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies (NAC). ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Policy. 268.3 Section 268.3 National Defense... REPORTING OF FOREIGN INDEBTEDNESS WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE § 268.3 Policy. It is the policy of...

  12. 22 CFR 120.37 - Foreign ownership and foreign control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Foreign ownership and foreign control. 120.37 Section 120.37 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.37 Foreign ownership and foreign control. Foreign ownership means more than 50 percent...

  13. 22 CFR 120.37 - Foreign ownership and foreign control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Foreign ownership and foreign control. 120.37 Section 120.37 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.37 Foreign ownership and foreign control. Foreign ownership means more than 50 percent...

  14. 22 CFR 120.37 - Foreign ownership and foreign control.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Foreign ownership and foreign control. 120.37 Section 120.37 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.37 Foreign ownership and foreign control. Foreign ownership means more than 50 percent...

  15. 7 CFR 3022.4 - USDA Panel to determine appropriateness of research misconduct policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... written copy of such policies and procedures or a Web site address where such policies and procedures can... National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The Panel will review the research institution's policies...

  16. 7 CFR 3022.4 - USDA Panel to determine appropriateness of research misconduct policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... written copy of such policies and procedures or a Web site address where such policies and procedures can... National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The Panel will review the research institution's policies...

  17. 7 CFR 3022.4 - USDA Panel to determine appropriateness of research misconduct policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... written copy of such policies and procedures or a Web site address where such policies and procedures can... National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The Panel will review the research institution's policies...

  18. 12 CFR 614.4700 - Financing foreign trade receivables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... policies adopted by their boards of directors, are authorized to finance foreign trade receivables on... acceptances; (3) Factoring; and (4) Open accounts. (b) To reduce credit, political, and other risks...

  19. Bridges to Knowledge: Foreign Students in Comparative Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Elinor G., Ed.; And Others

    Foreign study is examined from different perspectives, especially comparative ones, in 15 articles. Attention is directed to: the significance of foreign study for developing countries, national and regional policies and trends, development strategies, political and institutional dilemmas, a bibliography and a literature review. Titles and authors…

  20. Foreign Higher Education Institutes in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naithani, Pranav

    2011-01-01

    Gulf cooperation council (GCC) countries are witnessing an exponential growth in new foreign higher education institutions on account of government policies which promote setting up of local campuses of renowned foreign universities. But GCC countries have not been able to adequately address key quality related issues in higher education domain…

  1. Downgrading the Military in Soviet Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-04-01

    iron curtain." More ominously, the authors raise, in the plain talk that has become a sign of the times, the startling spectre of mounting future...p. 56). 52. E.g., S. Men’shikov, "The Economy Without Weapons: Utopia or Reality?" Pravda, June 27, 1988, p. 6; A. Kireyev, "Disarmament: the Quest

  2. SALT, Human Rights and Foreign Policy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-30

    achievements. Political, economic and psychological considerations overshadow military ones. Arms control is one approach to managing this potential for...York Times , December 4, 1978, pp. Al, DII; Christoph Bertram, "Arms Control and Technological Change," Adelphi Papers Number 146; Edgar Ulsmer...He concludes that a concern forhuman rights is a vital component of the long-term solution to the problem which SALT seeks to manage in the short term

  3. President Assad’s Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    Author : " y h;V, Li7 t .. Antun Attallah Approved By: .Ralph H. Maghg Thesis Advisor __ John W Amos, Second-Reader Thomas C. Bruneau, Chairman Department...civilization. Ba’athism, however, disparages any unity that is achieved by military force or through agreement among political leaders regardless 4 1Nabil Y ... Chamoun to take office for a second six-year term, thus extending the tenure of a pro-Western government in Lebanon. Radio Cairo 120 and Ra-io Damascus

  4. Russian Foreign Policy. Sources and Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Gonki Yad- ernikh Vooruzheniy [Political-Military Analysis: Reanimation of the Nuclear Arms Race],” Krasnaya Zvezda, August 18, 2005. Russia’s...Military Analysis: Reanimation of the Nuclear Arms Race],” Krasnaya Zvezda, August 18, 2005. Malashenko, Aleksei, “Faktor Islama v Rossiiskoi Vneshnei

  5. South Africa: Minerals, Sanctions and Foreign Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-05-30

    conductivity. They are also used in anti-cancer drugs, dental alloys and in high temperature vessels used in manufacturing glass. PGMs are much harder...where strength and resistance to high temperature oxidation are necessary. Zircon is used for foundry and refractory purposes. Additionally, cubic ...airconia is used in laser crystal production; as a semiconductor substance; in sensors for microprocessors; and in alloys for jet engines. Zirconias ceramics

  6. 22 CFR 708.2 - Open meeting policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Open meeting policy. 708.2 Section 708.2 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS SUNSHINE REGULATIONS § 708.2 Open meeting policy. (a) It is the policy of the Corporation to provide the public with the...

  7. 22 CFR 708.2 - Open meeting policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Open meeting policy. 708.2 Section 708.2 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS SUNSHINE REGULATIONS § 708.2 Open meeting policy. (a) It is the policy of the Corporation to provide the public with the...

  8. 22 CFR 212.1 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Statement of policy. 212.1 Section 212.1 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC INFORMATION General § 212.1 Statement of policy. (a) It is the policy of the United States Agency for International Development...

  9. 22 CFR 212.1 - Statement of policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Statement of policy. 212.1 Section 212.1 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC INFORMATION General § 212.1 Statement of policy. (a) It is the policy of the United States Agency for International Development...

  10. [Selective internationalization: foreign workers and Japanese society].

    PubMed

    Ito, R

    1990-01-01

    Japan's December 1989 revision of the law on immigration and recognition of refugees was intended to provide greater felxibility for employment of foreigners with specialized skills or professional qualifications while excluding migrant workers. This policy, referred to as selective internationalization by the author, represents an effort by the government to early 1980s and to changes in the Japanese economy which after decades of rapid growth is entering a new phase of diversification. The ideal of national homogeneity has prevented formulation of any coherent policy of integrating Japan's foreign born population, mostly descendents of laborers from Japan's former colonies. In 1988, Japan's 677,000 Korean residents constituted 72% of the foreign population registered in Japan. As of 1988, some 40,000 foreigners were registered as residents and permitted to work in any of several well-defined areas. The number, while small, is growing. Illegal migrants are defined essentially as foreigners exercising economic activities not authorized by their visas. The number of such workers is notoriously difficult to estimate, but the number of expulsions for labor violations increased by 4700 in 1989 to 22,600, suggesting that the problem is growing. The Ministry of Justice estimated the number of foreigners in irregular situations at 70,000 in 1988, and it has probably reached 120,000 at present. The number of foreign workers, authorized or not, is estimated at 150-160,000 or .3% of the active population. The 1989 revision of the immigration law does not constitute a foreign labor policy, but it does clearly signal the end of complete protectionism vis a vis the labor market which characterized Japan's period of rapid growth. Internationalization of the labor market reflects 2 concerns, provision of highly qualified employees to enable large enterprises to adapt more readily to changing international conditions, and continued control over the foreign labor supply of small

  11. Foreign offshore worker injuries in foreign waters: why a United States forum

    SciTech Connect

    Sutterfield, J.R.

    1981-07-01

    When foreigners are injured or killed in offshore oil operations in foreign jurisdictional waters, US laws do not always apply as they would if the plaintiffs are American or resident aliens. The courts must first consider whether the Jones Act, Death on the High Seas Act, general maritime law, or a combination of laws applies and whether the court should assume jurisdiction or use the doctrine of forum non conveniens. Cases involving foreign offshore workers are used to illustrate the factors involved in each application and to consider the foreign-policy implication when foreign nationals assume that American laws and morality accompany multinational business. Congress has yet to resolve the issues, although a bill was proposed in 1980. 75 references. (DCK)

  12. 12 CFR 614.4900 - Foreign exchange.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... international financial activities. The bank's policies should include established guidelines for: (1) Net... Cooperatives and Agricultural Credit Banks Financing International Trade § 614.4900 Foreign exchange. (a) Before a bank for cooperatives or an agricultural credit bank may engage in any financial...

  13. 48 CFR 3001.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Copies. 3001.105-3 Section 3001.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND SECURITY....105-3 Copies. Official versions of the HSAR are available in the Code of Federal Regulations,...

  14. 48 CFR 3001.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....105-3 Copies. The HSAR is available in the Federal Register and electronically at http://www.dhs.gov... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Copies. 3001.105-3 Section 3001.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND...

  15. 48 CFR 3001.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Copies. 3001.105-3 Section 3001.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND SECURITY....105-3 Copies. Official versions of the HSAR are available in the Code of Federal Regulations,...

  16. 48 CFR 3001.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....105-3 Copies. The HSAR is available in the Federal Register and electronically at http://www.dhs.gov... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Copies. 3001.105-3 Section 3001.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND...

  17. 48 CFR 201.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Copies. 201.105-3 Section 201.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 201.105-3 Copies....

  18. 48 CFR 1501.105-3 - Copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Copies. 1501.105-3 Section 1501.105-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL GENERAL... 20402. Copies of loose-leaf EPAAR are distributed within EPA and may be obtained from the EPA...

  19. Foreign Investment in the U.S.: Costs and Benefits. Headline Series 249.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zupnick, Elliot

    The document discusses the implications and positive and negative aspects of foreign direct investment in the United States. The objective is to determine whether a restrictive U.S. policy as it relates to foreign direct investment in the United States is desirable. It is presented in five chapters. Chapter I defines foreign direct investment…

  20. Technology Transfer: A Policy Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    US foreign policy must support technology. A case in point: The Chinese are newly enlightened about some forms of economic develop- ment as the only...Directors of the National Technology Transfer Society. II TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: A Policy Model Text and display type in Trade Gothic ; Title and half-title

  1. Implications of the President's strategic defense initiative and antisatellite weapons policy. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Arms Control, International Security and Science of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, April 24 and May 1, 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    The House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Arms Control, International Security and Science held hearings on April 24 and May 1, 1985, to consider the implications of the strategic defense initiative and antisatellite weapons policy for arms control in space. This document is the transcript of that hearing and includes the prepared statements of congressmen, two former secretaries of defense and representatives of several organizations concerned with arms control. Previously published reports and the text of the ABM Treaty are attached as appendices.

  2. Soviet Muslim Policy: Domestic and Foreign Policy Linkages.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-30

    of the Muslim population threatens to bring them into direct competition with Slavic settlers in Central Asia for a limited number of desirable jobs...Ukranians and Belorussians. 2’ There are two serious implications of these trends. First, competition for local jobs, especially for the better paid ones... competition between Slavs and Muslims in Central Asia and will face the Soviet Union with a difficult problem of how to shift population resources to areas

  3. 22 CFR 129.5 - Policy on embargoes and other proscriptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... REGISTRATION AND LICENSING OF BROKERS § 129.5 Policy on embargoes and other proscriptions. (a) The policy and... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Policy on embargoes and other proscriptions.... national security or foreign policy or law enforcement interests (e.g., an individual subject to...

  4. ACTA Technology Presents EPA with Patent Copy

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    US EPA SBIR awardee, ACTA Technology, presented James H. Johnson, Director of the US EPA National Center for Environmental Research, and April Richards, Program Manager of the US EPA's SBIR Program, with a copy of their Red Ribbon patent.

  5. Kinetic versus Energetic Discrimination in Biological Copying

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sartori, Pablo; Pigolotti, Simone

    2013-05-01

    We study stochastic copying schemes in which discrimination between a right and a wrong match is achieved via different kinetic barriers or different binding energies of the two matches. We demonstrate that, in single-step reactions, the two discrimination mechanisms are strictly alternative and cannot be mixed to further reduce the error fraction. Close to the lowest error limit, kinetic discrimination results in a diverging copying velocity and dissipation per copied bit. On the other hand, energetic discrimination reaches its lowest error limit in an adiabatic regime where dissipation and velocity vanish. By analyzing experimentally measured kinetic rates of two DNA polymerases, T7 and Polγ, we argue that one of them operates in the kinetic and the other in the energetic regime. Finally, we show how the two mechanisms can be combined in copying schemes implementing error correction through a proofreading pathway.

  6. Line copy presentation slides with Kodalith.

    PubMed

    Kraushar, M F; Bailey, B A

    1978-08-01

    Line copy presentation slides with white letters on a blue background can be produced with a two-step process. The slides are more permanent than diazo slides, and the process is faster and less expensive.

  7. COPI Is Required for Enterovirus 71 Replication

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jianmin; Wu, Zhiqiang; Jin, Qi

    2012-01-01

    Enterovirus 71 (EV71), a member of the Picornaviridae family, is found in Asian countries where it causes a wide range of human diseases. No effective therapy is available for the treatment of these infections. Picornaviruses undergo RNA replication in association with membranes of infected cells. COPI and COPII have been shown to be involved in the formation of picornavirus-induced vesicles. Replication of several picornaviruses, including poliovirus and Echovirus 11 (EV11), is dependent on COPI or COPII. Here, we report that COPI, but not COPII, is required for EV71 replication. Replication of EV71 was inhibited by brefeldin A and golgicide A, inhibitors of COPI activity. Furthermore, we found EV71 2C protein interacted with COPI subunits by co-immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assay, indicating that COPI coatomer might be directed to the viral replication complex through viral 2C protein. Additionally, because the pathway is conserved among different species of enteroviruses, it may represent a novel target for antiviral therapies. PMID:22662263

  8. Single copy DNA homology in sea stars.

    PubMed

    Smith, M J; Nicholson, R; Stuerzl, M; Lui, A

    1982-01-01

    The sequence homology in the single copy DNA of sea stars has been measured. Labeled single copy DNA from Pisaster ochraceus was reannealed with excess genomic DNA from P. brevispinus, Evasterias troschelii, Pycnopodia helianthoides, Solaster stimpsoni, and Dermasterias imbricata. Reassociation reactions were performed under two criteria of salt and temperature. The extent of reassociation and thermal denaturation characteristics of hybrid single copy DNA molecules follow classical taxonomic lines. P. brevispinus DNA contains essentially all of the sequences present in P. ochraceus single copy tracer while Evasterias and Pycnopodia DNAs contain 52% and 46% of such sequences respectively. Reciprocal reassociation reactions with labeled Evasterias single copy DNA confirm the amount and fidelity of the sequence homology. There is a small definite reaction of uncertain homology between P. ochraceus single copy DNA and Solaster or Dermasterias DNA. Similarly Solaster DNA contains sequences homologous to approximately 18% of Dermasterias unique DNA. The thermal denaturation temperatures of heteroduplexes indicate that the genera Pisaster and Evasterias diverged shortly after the divergence of the subfamilies Pycnopodiinae and Asteriinae. The two Pisaster species diverged more recently, probably in the most recent quarter of the interval since the separation of the genera Pisaster and Evasterias.

  9. China’s Detente Policy: Elements of Stability and Instability,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-01-01

    policy and the elements of stability and instability of that policy, particularly the question of whether domestic political issues are likely to affect...China’s foreign relations. The paper evaluates the general impact of domestic factors on Chinese foreign policy since 1950 and assesses the prospects...might shift simply because domestic policy did so. Political developments in China are never revealed to the outside world (or even to China’s

  10. Language Policy and the Manufacturing of Consent for Foreign Intervention in Colombia (La política lingüística y la fabricación del consentimiento para la intervención extranjera en Colombia)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valencia, Marlon

    2013-01-01

    The present paper provides a critical analysis of Colombia's National Program of Bilingualism focusing on the ideologies behind it, how it facilitates the manufacturing of Colombian citizens' consent for foreign intervention through free trade agreements, and the progressive dismantling of public education. The program is analyzed with a critical…

  11. Discussion on copy constructor in C++ programming language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Fafen; Du, Ruiqing

    2011-12-01

    C++ is a widely used object-orientated programming language in the software industry. The purpose of this paper is to discuss concept and application of the copy constructor, a special constructor in C++. As fundamental knowledge, constructor and destructor were introduced at first. Several examples of copy constructor were presented to illustrate concept of copy constructor and its use. Shallow copy and deep copy were also presented. After discussions on copy constructor by analyzing all the examples of copy constructor, the conclusion was made about that how to define a copy constructor and how to use it properly.

  12. Technology Assessment and Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Majone, Giandomenico

    1977-01-01

    Argues that the application of policy analysis to technology assessment requires the abandonment of stereotyped approaches and a reformulation of analytical paradigms to include consideration of institutional constraints. Available from: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Box 211, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, single copies available.…

  13. 5 CFR 2411.4 - Information policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... General Counsel, the Panel or the IG. (d) All agency records, except those exempt from mandatory....4 Information policy. (a) Authority/General Counsel/Panel/IG. (1) It is the policy of the Authority, the General Counsel, the Panel and IG to make available for public inspection and copying (unless...

  14. 5 CFR 2411.4 - Information policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... General Counsel, the Panel or the IG. (d) All agency records, except those exempt from mandatory....4 Information policy. (a) Authority/General Counsel/Panel/IG. (1) It is the policy of the Authority, the General Counsel, the Panel and IG to make available for public inspection and copying (unless...

  15. 5 CFR 2411.4 - Information policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... General Counsel, the Panel or the IG. (d) All agency records, except those exempt from mandatory....4 Information policy. (a) Authority/General Counsel/Panel/IG. (1) It is the policy of the Authority, the General Counsel, the Panel and IG to make available for public inspection and copying (unless...

  16. 48 CFR 2825.302 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION Balance of Payments Program 2825.302 Policy. The HCA, or designee at a level not lower than the... evaluation of domestic and foreign offers under the Balance of Payments Program. All determinations...

  17. 48 CFR 2825.302 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION Balance of Payments Program 2825.302 Policy. The HCA, or designee at a level not lower than the... evaluation of domestic and foreign offers under the Balance of Payments Program. All determinations...

  18. 48 CFR 2825.302 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION Balance of Payments Program 2825.302 Policy. The HCA, or designee at a level not lower than the... evaluation of domestic and foreign offers under the Balance of Payments Program. All determinations...

  19. 48 CFR 2825.302 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION Balance of Payments Program 2825.302 Policy. The HCA, or designee at a level not lower than the... evaluation of domestic and foreign offers under the Balance of Payments Program. All determinations...

  20. 48 CFR 2825.302 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION Balance of Payments Program 2825.302 Policy. The HCA, or designee at a level not lower than the... evaluation of domestic and foreign offers under the Balance of Payments Program. All determinations...

  1. 48 CFR 25.901 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....901 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Customs and Duties 25.901 Policy. United States laws impose duties on foreign supplies imported into the customs territory of the United States. Certain exemptions from these duties...

  2. 48 CFR 25.901 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....901 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Customs and Duties 25.901 Policy. United States laws impose duties on foreign supplies imported into the customs territory of the United States. Certain exemptions from these duties...

  3. 22 CFR 161.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Policy. 161.2 Section 161.2 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL... support to initiatives, resolutions, and programs designed to maximize international cooperation...

  4. [Foreign immigration in Spain (1985-1994)].

    PubMed

    Gozalvez Perez, V

    1996-01-01

    "During the decade 1985-94, Spain [has had]...some growing and unexpected flows of foreign immigrations. The tradition of emigration of Spanish people, some grave difficulties of [the] employment market in the country, irregular entrance of workers from developing countries, the fear of a very rapid growth of these immigrants, the instability and marginality of their work, and the agreement of Spain in the European Union have led the government to develop an active migratory policy, first against the illegal flows and, more recently, in direction of the integration of immigrants in Spanish society.... The article analyzes main features from some different groups of foreign workers, and in particular Africans: spatial repartition, demographic profile, migratory strategies and trajectories, uneasy insertion in the national employment market, and draws lastly the main features of the Spanish migratory policy." (SUMMARY IN ENG AND SPA)

  5. Foreign Energy Company Competitiveness: Background information

    SciTech Connect

    Weimar, M.R.; Freund, K.A.; Roop, J.M.

    1994-10-01

    This report provides background information to the report Energy Company Competitiveness: Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994). The main body of this publication consists of data uncovered during the course of research on this DOE report. This data pertains to major government energy policies in each country studied. This report also provides a summary of the DOE report. In October 1993, the Office of Energy Intelligence, US Department of Energy (formerly the Office of Foreign Intelligence), requested that Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepare a report addressing policies and actions used by foreign governments to enhance the competitiveness of their energy firms. Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepared the report Energy Company Competitiveness Little to Do With Subsidies (DOE 1994), which provided the analysis requested by DOE. An appendix was also prepared, which provided extensive background documentation to the analysis. Because of the length of the appendix, Pacific Northwest Laboratory decided to publish this information separately, as contained in this report.

  6. School Leadership Policy Trends and Developments: Policy Expediency or Policy Excellence?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Virginia; Smith, L. Wes; Boutin, James

    2011-01-01

    Background: Institutional theorists suggest environmental stakeholders in the "organizational field" have a symbiotic relationship with governing agencies, leading to institutional isomorphism. Hence state policy makers copy the work of their colleagues across states to create a sense of legitimacy, certainty, and professionalization…

  7. Foreign Language Reading Anxiety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saito, Yoshiko; Horwitz, Elaine K.; Garza, Thomas J.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the possibility of anxiety in response to foreign- or second-language reading. Introduces the construct of foreign-language reading anxiety, offers a scale for its measurement, and reports on a preliminary study of reading anxiety in 30 intact first-semester classes of Spanish, Russian, and Japanese. (VWL)

  8. Foreign Languages and Careers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Lucille J.; Brod, Richard I.

    1974-01-01

    Gives employment opportunity information in the following fields where foreign language can be used as an auxiliary skill: 1) Business, Industry, Commerce; 2) Civil Service; 3) Education; 4) Law; 5) Library Science; 6) Media; 7) Science; 8) Service; 9) Social Sciences; 10) Travel, Tourism. The fields of foreign language teaching and interpretation…

  9. WHAT ABOUT FOREIGN LANGUAGES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GARTNER, JUDITH; AND OTHERS

    THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IS STRESSED IN A BRIEF BROCHURE DESIGNED FOR STUDENTS OF ALL LEVELS, PARENTS, TEACHERS, COUNSELORS, AND ADMINISTRATORS. INFORMATION IS GIVEN ON WHEN TO BEGIN A LANGUAGE, THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING ABLE TO SPEAK A LANGUAGE, USES FOR A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT HOME, LANGUAGE JOB OPPORTUNITIES, AND LANGUAGE…

  10. Foreign Body Retrieval

    MedlinePlus Videos and Cool Tools

    ... ensure that no foreign bodies remain in the body and to check for the presence of any side effects such as infection. top of page What are the benefits vs. risks? Benefits Removal of a foreign body will reduce your chances of suffering an infection ...

  11. [Foreign immigration in Spain].

    PubMed

    Serra Yoldi, I

    1997-01-01

    This article, translated from the original Spanish, analyzes recent trends in immigration to Spain. Information is provided on annual totals of immigrants and emigrants, 1976-1991; resident foreigners by nationality, 1990-1994; resident foreigners by province and continent of origin, 1991; occupations of immigrants, 1990-1991; migrant characteristics; attitudes toward immigration; and assimilation of immigrants.

  12. Russian Policy and the Korean Crisis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-09-30

    leading player in Asia, is the fundamental political objective of Russia’s current Asian policy.2 It is only by addressing military and political issues...basis for formulating foreign policy exists as yet. Since there is no institutional hierarchy, all players : rival ministries, the Security Council...frankly no rule of law, this absence of legal constraint creates a free-for-all. Any player can attack anyone else in the struggle for foreign, defense, or

  13. 23. Photographic copy enlargement from a 4x5 copy negative of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Photographic copy enlargement from a 4x5 copy negative of a drawing (Original drawing located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, Calfornia). JANUARY 1960 USAF PLANT 16 MASTER PLOT AND GRID PLAN. - NASA Industrial Plant, Missile Research Laboratory, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  14. 22. Photographic copy enlargement from a 4x5 copy negative of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. Photographic copy enlargement from a 4x5 copy negative of a print. (Original print located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). 1954 USAF PLANT 16 AERIAL BUILDING 41 NORTH TO SOUTH. - NASA Industrial Plant, Missile Research Laboratory, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  15. 15. Photographic copy englargement from a 4x5 copy negative (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photographic copy englargement from a 4x5 copy negative (Original drawing located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). 1980 BLDG 10, BLDG 42 FLOOR PLAN, NASA MARCH 15 1980. - NASA Industrial Plant, Maintenance Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  16. 9. Photographic copy enlargement from a 4x5 copy negative. (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photographic copy enlargement from a 4x5 copy negative. (Original drawing located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). 1976 BLDGS.25, 41 SITE PLAN. - NASA Industrial Plant, Storage Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  17. 14. Photographic copy englargement from a 4x5 copy negative (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Photographic copy englargement from a 4x5 copy negative (Original photograph by original photographer located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH 1935-1936 CONSOLIDATED VULTEE AIRCRAFT CORPORATION FROM WEST TO EAST - NASA Industrial Plant, Maintenance Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  18. Mechanisms of change in gene copy number.

    PubMed

    Hastings, P J; Lupski, James R; Rosenberg, Susan M; Ira, Grzegorz

    2009-08-01

    Deletions and duplications of chromosomal segments (copy number variants, CNVs) are a major source of variation between individual humans and are an underlying factor in human evolution and in many diseases, including mental illness, developmental disorders and cancer. CNVs form at a faster rate than other types of mutation, and seem to do so by similar mechanisms in bacteria, yeast and humans. Here we review current models of the mechanisms that cause copy number variation. Non-homologous end-joining mechanisms are well known, but recent models focus on perturbation of DNA replication and replication of non-contiguous DNA segments. For example, cellular stress might induce repair of broken replication forks to switch from high-fidelity homologous recombination to non-homologous repair, thus promoting copy number change.

  19. Chloroplast DNA Copy Number Changes during Plant Development in Organelle DNA Polymerase Mutants

    PubMed Central

    Morley, Stewart A.; Nielsen, Brent L.

    2016-01-01

    Chloroplast genome copy number is very high in leaf tissue, with upwards of 10,000 or more copies of the chloroplast DNA (ctDNA) per leaf cell. This is often promoted as a major advantage for engineering the plastid genome, as it provides high gene copy number and thus is expected to result in high expression of foreign proteins from integrated genes. However, it is also known that ctDNA copy number and ctDNA integrity decrease as cells age. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) allows measurement of organelle DNA levels relative to a nuclear gene target. We have used this approach to determine changes in copy number of ctDNA relative to the nuclear genome at different ages of Arabidopsis plant growth and in organellar DNA polymerase mutants. The mutant plant lines have T-DNA insertions in genes encoding the two organelle localized DNA polymerases (PolIA and PolIB). Each of these mutant lines exhibits some delay in plant growth and development as compared to wild-type plants, with the PolIB plants having a more pronounced delay. Both mutant lines develop to maturity and produce viable seeds. Mutants for both proteins were observed to have a reduction in ctDNA and mtDNA copy number relative to wild type plants at all time points as measured by qPCR. Both DNA polymerase mutants had a fairly similar decrease in ctDNA copy number, while the PolIB mutant had a greater effect of reduction in mtDNA levels. However, despite similar decreases in genome copy number, RT-PCR analysis of PolIA mutants show that PolIB expression remains unchanged, suggesting that PolIA may not be essential to plant survival. Furthermore, genotypic analysis of plants from heterozygous parents display a strong pressure to maintain two functioning copies of PolIB. These results indicate that the two DNA polymerases are both important in ctDNA replication, and they are not fully redundant to each other, suggesting each has a specific function in plant organelles. PMID:26870072

  20. Gene copy number and malaria biology

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, Tim J.C.; Patel, Jigar; Ferdig, Michael T.

    2010-01-01

    Alteration in gene copy number provides a simple way to change expression levels and alter phenotype. This was fully appreciated by bacteriologists more than 25 years ago, but the extent and implications of copy number polymorphism (CNP) have only recently become apparent in other organisms. New methods demonstrate the ubiquity of CNPs in eukaryotes and their medical importance in humans. CNP is also widespread in the Plasmodium falciparum genome and has an important and underappreciated role in determining phenotype. In this review, we summarize the distribution of CNP, its evolutionary dynamics within populations, its functional importance and its mode of evolution. PMID:19559648

  1. 77 FR 321 - Section 4(f) Policy Paper

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ... Federal Highway Administration Section 4(f) Policy Paper AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA... draft Section 4(f) Policy Paper that will provide guidance on the procedures the FHWA will follow when... practicable. Background A copy of the proposed Section 4(f) Policy Paper is available for download and...

  2. The Effects of Answer Copying on the Ability Level Estimates of Cheater Examinees in Answer Copying Pairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zopluoglu, Cengiz; Davenport, Ernest C., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of answer copying on the ability level estimates of cheater examinees in answer copying pairs. The study generated answer copying pairs for each of 1440 conditions, source ability (12) x cheater ability (12) x amount of copying (10). The average difference between the ability level estimates…

  3. [Foreign Body in Esophagus].

    PubMed

    Domeki, Yasushi; Kato, Hiroyuki

    2015-07-01

    An esophageal foreign body is the term for a foreign body in the esophagus. The 2 age groups most prone to this condition are children age 9 and under (and especially toddlers age 4 and under) and elderly individuals age 70 and over. A foreign body often lodges where the esophagus is most constricted. In toddlers, the foreign body is often currency or coins or a toy. In adults, the body is often a piece of fish, dentures, a piece of meat, a pin or needle, or a drug in its blister pack packaging. In children, an esophageal foreign body is treated by fluoroscopically guided removal of the body with a balloon catheter or magnetic catheter or removal of the body via endoscopy or direct esophagoscopy under general anesthesia. In adults, the best choice for treating an esophageal foreign body is removing the body with an endoscope but there are instances where surgery is performed because the body is hard to remove endoscopically, a puncture has occurred, or empyema or mediastinitis has developed. This paper reviews the diagnosis and treatment of an esophageal foreign body.

  4. Regulation of foreign direct investment in the Canadian mineral sector

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, D.L.

    1984-01-01

    This paper describes and assesses the historical development and operational experience of Canada's Foreign Investment Review Agency (FIRA), especially as it relates to the non-petroleum mineral sector. It provides a rationale for the actions of the Government of Canada in developing FIRA and of foreign investors and their home governments in adversely reacting to Canadian foreign direct investment (FDI) policies. It concludes that the present system encourages FIRA to aggressively pursue Canadian equity objectives on not only the activities listed in the original proposal which are subject to review, but also on future corporate activity. Such actions generate unnecessary hostility. 68 footnotes and references, 3 tables.

  5. Teaching Ad Copy--I and II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welty, Ward; Vanden Bergh, Bruce G.

    1981-01-01

    Ward Welty notes that the standard advertising course could be improved by including a unit of study in rhetoric, especially Aristotelian rhetoric. Bruce Vanden Bergh reports on research on the differences in creating advertising copy for radio versus the visual media of magazines, newspapers, and television. (RL)

  6. Copies of clinic letters to the family.

    PubMed

    Bartle, D G; Diskin, L; Finlay, F

    2004-11-01

    In April 2004 guidelines were introduced advising that letters to the GP should be copied to parents of young people. A study was carried out to ascertain the views of young people and their parents as to who they felt should receive correspondence after an outpatient appointment.

  7. Genomic characteristics of cattle copy number variations

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    We performed a systematic analysis of cattle copy number variations (CNVs) using the Bovine HapMap SNP genotyping data, including 539 animals of 21 modern cattle breeds and 6 outgroups. After correcting genomic waves and considering the trio information, we identified 682 candidate CNV regions (CNVR...

  8. 36 CFR 703.20 - File copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 703.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property LIBRARY OF CONGRESS DISCLOSURE OR PRODUCTION OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Testimony by Employees and Production of Documents in Certain Legal Proceedings Where the Library... file of copies of all demands served on the Library and deciding officials' responses....

  9. 36 CFR 703.20 - File copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 703.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property LIBRARY OF CONGRESS DISCLOSURE OR PRODUCTION OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Testimony by Employees and Production of Documents in Certain Legal Proceedings Where the Library... file of copies of all demands served on the Library and deciding officials' responses....

  10. 36 CFR 703.20 - File copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 703.20 Parks, Forests, and Public Property LIBRARY OF CONGRESS DISCLOSURE OR PRODUCTION OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Testimony by Employees and Production of Documents in Certain Legal Proceedings Where the Library... file of copies of all demands served on the Library and deciding officials' responses....

  11. Environmental policies in an international mixed duopoly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferreira, Fernanda A.; Ferreira, Flávio

    2009-11-01

    The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of environmental and trade policies in an international mixed duopoly serving two markets. We suppose that the firm in the home country is a welfare-maximizing public firm, while the firm in the foreign country is its own profit-maximizing private firm. We find that the environmental tax can be a strategic instrument for the home government to distribute production from the foreign private firm to the home public firm. An additional effect of the home environmental tax is the reduction of the foreign private firm's output for local consumption, thereby expanding the foreign market for the home public firm.

  12. Foreign Body Retrieval

    MedlinePlus

    ... pieces of toys and fish bones. Swallowing of magnets can cause significant problems including bowel blockages that may require surgical removal of magnets. Children account for about 80 percent of foreign ...

  13. COPI selectively drives maturation of the early Golgi

    DOE PAGES

    Papanikou, Effrosyni; Day, Kasey J.; Austin, Jotham; ...

    2015-12-28

    COPI coated vesicles carry material between Golgi compartments, but the role of COPI in the secretory pathway has been ambiguous. Previous studies of thermosensitive yeast COPI mutants yielded the surprising conclusion that COPI was dispensable both for the secretion of certain proteins and for Golgi cisternal maturation. To revisit these issues, we optimized the anchor-away method, which allows peripheral membrane proteins such as COPI to be sequestered rapidly by adding rapamycin. Video fluorescence microscopy revealed that COPI inactivation causes an early Golgi protein to remain in place while late Golgi proteins undergo cycles of arrival and departure. These dynamics generatemore » partially functional hybrid Golgi structures that contain both early and late Golgi proteins, explaining how secretion can persist when COPI has been inactivated. Our findings suggest that cisternal maturation involves a COPI-dependent pathway that recycles early Golgi proteins, followed by multiple COPI-independent pathways that recycle late Golgi proteins.« less

  14. The Impact of the Collapse of Communism and EU Accession on Language Education Policy and Practice in Central and Eastern Europe: Two Case-Studies Focussing on English and Russian as Foreign Languages in Hungary and Eastern Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruen, Jennifer; Sheridan, Vera

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the impact of geopolitical factors, and in particular the collapse of Communism and EU accession, on language education policy and practice in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). CEE is understood here as referring to the former soviet-controlled, eastern bloc counties of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, East Germany, Hungary,…

  15. Human Capital Development Policies: Enhancing Employees Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wan, Hooi Lan

    2007-01-01

    Purpose--The aim of this article is to gain insight into some of the human capital development (HCD) policies that enhance employee satisfaction. A salient focus of the study is to assess whether employees in globalised foreign-owned MNCs are likely to be more satisfied with the HCD policies than with the practices employed by locally owned MNCs.…

  16. Russian National Security: Perceptions, Policies, and Prospects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-11-01

    seemed intent on spinning off some the dividends from that effort to the public at large. Seven decades seemed a long enough period for sacrifices, with...Foreign Policy, Washington Quarterly, World Policy Journal, Asian Survey, Politique Internationale, Le Monde Diplomatique, Asahi Shimbun, Nikkei

  17. 22 CFR 212.51 - General policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Research Purposes § 212.51 General policy. (a) The Agency will open its records on an equitable basis to all individuals engaged in private research as soon as such action may be taken without adversely.... (b) Access for research purposes to the classified foreign policy records in the Agency's...

  18. 14 CFR 415.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Policy review. 415.23 Section 415.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... foreign policy interests, or international obligations of the United States. (b) Interagency...

  19. 48 CFR 1825.901 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Policy. 1825.901 Section 1825.901 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Customs and Duties 1825.901 Policy. NASA has statutory authority...

  20. 48 CFR 1825.901 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Policy. 1825.901 Section 1825.901 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Customs and Duties 1825.901 Policy. NASA has statutory authority...

  1. 14 CFR 431.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy review. 431.23 Section 431.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... issues adversely affecting U.S. foreign policy interests or international obligations. (3) The...

  2. 48 CFR 1825.901 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Policy. 1825.901 Section 1825.901 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Customs and Duties 1825.901 Policy. NASA has statutory authority...

  3. 14 CFR 431.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Policy review. 431.23 Section 431.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... issues adversely affecting U.S. foreign policy interests or international obligations. (3) The...

  4. 14 CFR 415.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Policy review. 415.23 Section 415.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... foreign policy interests, or international obligations of the United States. (b) Interagency...

  5. 14 CFR 431.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Policy review. 431.23 Section 431.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... issues adversely affecting U.S. foreign policy interests or international obligations. (3) The...

  6. 48 CFR 1825.901 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Policy. 1825.901 Section 1825.901 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Customs and Duties 1825.901 Policy. NASA has statutory authority...

  7. 48 CFR 1825.901 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Policy. 1825.901 Section 1825.901 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Customs and Duties 1825.901 Policy. NASA has statutory authority...

  8. 14 CFR 415.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Policy review. 415.23 Section 415.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... foreign policy interests, or international obligations of the United States. (b) Interagency...

  9. 14 CFR 431.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Policy review. 431.23 Section 431.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... issues adversely affecting U.S. foreign policy interests or international obligations. (3) The...

  10. 14 CFR 415.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy review. 415.23 Section 415.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... foreign policy interests, or international obligations of the United States. (b) Interagency...

  11. 14 CFR 431.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Policy review. 431.23 Section 431.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... issues adversely affecting U.S. foreign policy interests or international obligations. (3) The...

  12. 14 CFR 415.23 - Policy review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Policy review. 415.23 Section 415.23 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... foreign policy interests, or international obligations of the United States. (b) Interagency...

  13. 48 CFR 304.1300 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... foreign policy.” Examples include individuals' social security numbers; other personal identification... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Policy. 304.1300 Section 304.1300 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL...

  14. 48 CFR 304.1300 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... foreign policy.” Examples include individuals' social security numbers; other personal identification... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Policy. 304.1300 Section 304.1300 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL...

  15. 48 CFR 304.1300 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... foreign policy.” Examples include individuals' social security numbers; other personal identification... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Policy. 304.1300 Section 304.1300 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL...

  16. 48 CFR 3425.302 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Policy. 3425.302 Section 3425.302 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Balance of Payments Program 3425.302 Policy. The HCA is designated...

  17. 48 CFR 925.202 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Policy. 925.202 Section 925.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Buy American Act-Construction Materials 925.202 Policy. (b) Contracting officers may make...

  18. 48 CFR 3425.102 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Policy. 3425.102 Section 3425.102 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Buy American Act-Supplies 3425.102 Policy. (a) (b) The HCA...

  19. Laser thermographic technologies for hard copy recording

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bessmel'tsev, Viktor P.; Baev, Sergej G.

    1995-04-01

    Methods of hard copies recording based on thermal interaction of the beam from CO2 or YAG lasers with various kinds of films on any substrates have been developed. The recording processes are single-step and require no additional development. Among them are: (1) Laser thermodestruction of thin mask layers or of a material surface on any kinds of substrates. (2) Laser thermochemical reactions of thermal decomposition of metal salts in solid state phase on a surface of various hygroscopic substrates. The laser recording devices using the methods, described above have been developed and are manufactured now; they allow one to record hard copies with a size of up to 27 X 31 inches, a resolution of 4000 dpi.

  20. Colour hard-copy from workstation screens

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clayton, C. A.

    It is possible to produce a colour print on the DEC LJ250 inkjet printer of either the entire screen or a portion of the screen from VAXstations, DECstations, SUN workstations and the IKON image display. This document describes how to achieve this with each of the above workstations. The IKONPAINT software which is used to produce colour hard-copy from the IKON screen on the inkjet printer is fully documented in SUN/71 and is not described here.

  1. Modeling genetic inheritance of copy number variations

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Kai; Chen, Zhen; Tadesse, Mahlet G.; Glessner, Joseph; Grant, Struan F. A.; Hakonarson, Hakon; Bucan, Maja

    2008-01-01

    Copy number variations (CNVs) are being used as genetic markers or functional candidates in gene-mapping studies. However, unlike single nucleotide polymorphism or microsatellite genotyping techniques, most CNV detection methods are limited to detecting total copy numbers, rather than copy number in each of the two homologous chromosomes. To address this issue, we developed a statistical framework for intensity-based CNV detection platforms using family data. Our algorithm identifies CNVs for a family simultaneously, thus avoiding the generation of calls with Mendelian inconsistency while maintaining the ability to detect de novo CNVs. Applications to simulated data and real data indicate that our method significantly improves both call rates and accuracy of boundary inference, compared to existing approaches. We further illustrate the use of Mendelian inheritance to infer SNP allele compositions in each of the two homologous chromosomes in CNV regions using real data. Finally, we applied our method to a set of families genotyped using both the Illumina HumanHap550 and Affymetrix genome-wide 5.0 arrays to demonstrate its performance on both inherited and de novo CNVs. In conclusion, our method produces accurate CNV calls, gives probabilistic estimates of CNV transmission and builds a solid foundation for the development of linkage and association tests utilizing CNVs. PMID:18832372

  2. Digital authentication with copy-detection patterns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Picard, Justin

    2004-06-01

    Technologies for making high-quality copies of documents are getting more available, cheaper, and more efficient. As a result, the counterfeiting business engenders huge losses, ranging to 5% to 8% of worldwide sales of brand products, and endangers the reputation and value of the brands themselves. Moreover, the growth of the Internet drives the business of counterfeited documents (fake IDs, university diplomas, checks, and so on), which can be bought easily and anonymously from hundreds of companies on the Web. The incredible progress of digital imaging equipment has put in question the very possibility of verifying the authenticity of documents: how can we discern genuine documents from seemingly "perfect" copies? This paper proposes a solution based on creating digital images with specific properties, called a Copy-detection patterns (CDP), that is printed on arbitrary documents, packages, etc. CDPs make an optimal use of an "information loss principle": every time an imae is printed or scanned, some information is lost about the original digital image. That principle applies even for the highest quality scanning, digital imaging, printing or photocopying equipment today, and will likely remain true for tomorrow. By measuring the amount of information contained in a scanned CDP, the CDP detector can take a decision on the authenticity of the document.

  3. CONTRA: copy number analysis for targeted resequencing

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jason; Lupat, Richard; Amarasinghe, Kaushalya C.; Thompson, Ella R.; Doyle, Maria A.; Ryland, Georgina L.; Tothill, Richard W.; Halgamuge, Saman K.; Campbell, Ian G.; Gorringe, Kylie L.

    2012-01-01

    Motivation: In light of the increasing adoption of targeted resequencing (TR) as a cost-effective strategy to identify disease-causing variants, a robust method for copy number variation (CNV) analysis is needed to maximize the value of this promising technology. Results: We present a method for CNV detection for TR data, including whole-exome capture data. Our method calls copy number gains and losses for each target region based on normalized depth of coverage. Our key strategies include the use of base-level log-ratios to remove GC-content bias, correction for an imbalanced library size effect on log-ratios, and the estimation of log-ratio variations via binning and interpolation. Our methods are made available via CONTRA (COpy Number Targeted Resequencing Analysis), a software package that takes standard alignment formats (BAM/SAM) and outputs in variant call format (VCF4.0), for easy integration with other next-generation sequencing analysis packages. We assessed our methods using samples from seven different target enrichment assays, and evaluated our results using simulated data and real germline data with known CNV genotypes. Availability and implementation: Source code and sample data are freely available under GNU license (GPLv3) at http://contra-cnv.sourceforge.net/ Contact: Jason.Li@petermac.org Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:22474122

  4. Revised Seasonal Afterburner Policy

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document may be of assistance in applying the New Source Review (NSR) air permitting regulations including the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements. This document is part of the NSR Policy and Guidance Database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  5. Interpretation of Offset Policy

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document may be of assistance in applying the New Source Review (NSR) air permitting regulations including the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements. This document is part of the NSR Policy and Guidance Database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  6. 48 CFR 1835.016-70 - Foreign participation under broad agency announcements (BAAs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of International Cooperation in Space and Aeronautics Programs). NASA does not normally fund foreign... discharging their respective responsibilities. (2) In accordance with the National Space Transportation Policy... System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH...

  7. 48 CFR 1835.016-70 - Foreign participation under broad agency announcements (BAAs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of International Cooperation in Space and Aeronautics Programs). NASA does not normally fund foreign... discharging their respective responsibilities. (2) In accordance with the National Space Transportation Policy... System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH...

  8. 48 CFR 1835.016-70 - Foreign participation under broad agency announcements (BAAs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... of International Cooperation in Space and Aeronautics Programs). NASA does not normally fund foreign... discharging their respective responsibilities. (2) In accordance with the National Space Transportation Policy... System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH...

  9. 48 CFR 1835.016-70 - Foreign participation under broad agency announcements (BAAs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... of International Cooperation in Space and Aeronautics Programs). NASA does not normally fund foreign... discharging their respective responsibilities. (2) In accordance with the National Space Transportation Policy... System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH...

  10. 48 CFR 1835.016-70 - Foreign participation under broad agency announcements (BAAs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of International Cooperation in Space and Aeronautics Programs). NASA does not normally fund foreign... discharging their respective responsibilities. (2) In accordance with the National Space Transportation Policy... System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH...

  11. Foreign Ownership of U.S. Financial Assets: Implications of a Withdrawal

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-14

    likely would become involved as a result of its direct role in making economic policy and its oversight role over the Federal Reserve . In addition, the actions of foreign investors could complicate domestic economic policymaking.

  12. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  13. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  14. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  15. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  16. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  17. 19 CFR 133.42 - Infringing copies or phonorecords.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Referral to the U.S. Attorney. In the event that phonorecords or copies of motion pictures arrive in the U... trafficking in counterfeit labels for phonorecords or copies of motion pictures or other audiovisual works...

  18. Most Cancers Caused by Random DNA Copying Errors

    MedlinePlus

    ... fullstory_164252.html Most Cancers Caused by Random DNA Copying Errors While habits, environment can be key ... factors, genes inherited from parents, or simply random DNA copying errors. From their calculations, the researchers now ...

  19. 9. Photocopy of measured drawing (from a copy of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of measured drawing (from a copy of the original; copy in accompanying field records, location of original unknown) Adolf Scherrer, architect ca. 1906 'CROSS SECTION' - Maennerchor Building, 102 West Michigan Street, Indianapolis, Marion County, IN

  20. 17 CFR 230.402 - Number of copies; binding; signatures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... copy shall be bound, in one or more parts, without stiff covers. The binding shall be made on the side... filed with the Commission. Each copy shall be bound, in one or more parts, without stiff covers....

  1. 40 CFR 262.22 - Number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE The Manifest § 262.22 Number of copies. The manifest consists of at least the number of copies which will provide the generator, each transporter, and the owner... returned to the generator....

  2. 40 CFR 262.22 - Number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE The Manifest § 262.22 Number of copies. The manifest consists of at least the number of copies which will provide the generator, each transporter, and the owner... returned to the generator....

  3. 40 CFR 262.22 - Number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE The Manifest § 262.22 Number of copies. The manifest consists of at least the number of copies which will provide the generator, each transporter, and the owner... returned to the generator....

  4. 40 CFR 262.22 - Number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE The Manifest § 262.22 Number of copies. The manifest consists of at least the number of copies which will provide the generator, each transporter, and the owner... returned to the generator....

  5. 40 CFR 262.22 - Number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE The Manifest § 262.22 Number of copies. The manifest consists of at least the number of copies which will provide the generator, each transporter, and the owner... returned to the generator....

  6. The Meaning of Foreign Investment in the Chinese Economy. Training Discussion Paper No. 39.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castro, Claudio de Moura

    As the Chinese economy opens up to the outside world, the decision to engage in joint ventures with foreign capital is among the most important national policies. Significant direct consequences of joint ventures are the influx of foreign capital, expanding exports, and employment creation. However, the great importance of joint ventures lies in…

  7. Utilizing WAIS Scores to Determine Foreign Language Pathways and Learning Assistance for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trammell, Jack

    2016-01-01

    Foreign language (FL) requirements at postsecondary institutions remain a major hurdle for many students with learning disabilities (LD) as well as a significant portion of students without diagnosed LD. Many institutions have developed foreign language substitution (FLS) policies that allow students with LD to take alternate paths to meet the…

  8. 75 FR 59281 - Recognition of Foreign Certificates Under the International Convention on Standards of Training...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-27

    ... policy regarding the United States' recognition of foreign certificates held by foreign maritime officers who may be employed on some United States flag vessels. The Coast Guard is soliciting comments from... may be employed on some United States flag vessels. The Coast Guard is beginning to develop...

  9. Moving On: The Challenges for Foreign Language Learning on Transition from Primary to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Marilyn; Barnes, Ann; Powell, Bob; Martin, Cynthia

    2008-01-01

    Europe's commitment to language learning has resulted in higher percentages of pupils studying foreign languages during primary education. In England, recent policy decisions to expand foreign language learning at primary level by 2010 create major implications for transition to secondary. This paper presents findings on transition issues from…

  10. The Training Requirements of Foreign-Born Workers in Different Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Chris; Sinning, Mathias

    2012-01-01

    The training requirements of foreign-born workers may be different from those of native-born workers in similar jobs. Over recent decades Australian immigration policy has focused predominantly on accepting high-skilled migrants. Although this focus has resulted in the successful integration of foreign-born workers into the Australian labour…

  11. 12 CFR 347.211 - Examination of branches of foreign banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Examination of branches of foreign banks. 347.211 Section 347.211 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING Foreign Banks § 347.211 Examination of branches of...

  12. The Challenges of Internationalization from Foreign and Local Students' Perspectives: The Case of Management School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kondakci, Yasar; Van den Broeck, Herman; Yildirim, Ali

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative case study is to discern the issues pertaining to different dimensions of internationalization from the perspectives of both foreign and local students. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 foreign, and 13 local students. The results show that there is a dissonance between policy makers and…

  13. STS pricing policy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, C. M.; Stone, B.

    1982-01-01

    In 1977 NASA published Shuttle Reimbursement Policies for Civil U.S. Government, DOD and Commercial and Foreign Users. These policies were based on the principle of total cost recovery over a period of time with a fixed flat price for initial period to time to enhance transition. This fixed period was to be followed with annual adjustments thereafter, NASA is establishing a new price for 1986 and beyond. In order to recover costs, that price must be higher than the initial fixed price through FY 1985. NASA intends to remain competitive. Competitive posture includes not only price, but other factors such as assured launch, reliability, and unique services. NASA's pricing policy considers all these factors.

  14. Conditionally amplifiable BACs: switching from single-copy to high-copy vectors and genomic clones.

    PubMed

    Wild, Jadwiga; Hradecna, Zdenka; Szybalski, Waclaw

    2002-09-01

    The widely used, very-low-copy BAC (bacterial artificial chromosome) vectors are the mainstay of present genomic research. The principal advantage of BACs is the high stability of inserted clones, but an important disadvantage is the low yield of DNA, both for vectors alone and when carrying genomic inserts. We describe here a novel class of single-copy/high-copy (SC/HC) pBAC/oriV vectors that retain all the advantages of low-copy BAC vectors, but are endowed with a conditional and tightly controlled oriV/TrfA amplification system that allows: (1) a yield of ~100 copies of the vector per host cell when conditionally induced with L-arabinose, and (2) analogous DNA amplification (only upon induction and with copy number depending on the insert size) of pBAC/oriV clones carrying >100-kb inserts. Amplifiable clones and libraries facilitate high-throughput DNA sequencing and other applications requiring HC plasmid DNA. To turn on DNA amplification, which is driven by the oriV origin of replication, we used copy-up mutations in the gene trfA whose expression was very tightly controlled by the araC-P(araBAD) promoter/regulator system. This system is inducible by L-arabinose, and could be further regulated by glucose and fucose. Amplification of DNA upon induction with L-arabinose and its modulation by glucose are robust and reliable. Furthermore, we discovered that addition of 0.2% D-glucose to the growth medium helped toward the objective of obtaining a real SC state for all BAC systems, thus enhancing the stability of their maintenance, which became equivalent to cloning into the host chromosome

  15. 1 CFR 18.1 - Original and copies required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Original and copies required. 18.1 Section 18.1... PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS PREPARATION AND TRANSMITTAL OF DOCUMENTS GENERALLY § 18.1 Original and copies... two duplicate originals or certified copies. 1 However, if the document is printed or processed...

  16. 1 CFR 18.1 - Original and copies required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Original and copies required. 18.1 Section 18.1... PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS PREPARATION AND TRANSMITTAL OF DOCUMENTS GENERALLY § 18.1 Original and copies... two duplicate originals or certified copies. 1 However, if the document is printed or processed...

  17. 12 CFR 269b.730 - Number of copies; form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Number of copies; form. 269b.730 Section 269b... SYSTEM (CONTINUED) CHARGES OF UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICES General Rules § 269b.730 Number of copies; form... filed with four copies in addition to the original. All matters filed shall be printed, typed,...

  18. 12 CFR 269b.730 - Number of copies; form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Number of copies; form. 269b.730 Section 269b... SYSTEM CHARGES OF UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICES General Rules § 269b.730 Number of copies; form. Except as... copies in addition to the original. All matters filed shall be printed, typed, or otherwise...

  19. Syllables as Functional Units in a Copying Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kandel, Sonia; Valdois, Sylviane

    2006-01-01

    This research used a copying task to study spelling acquisition from a perception and action perspective. First to fifth graders copied words and pseudo-words on a digitiser. Simultaneously, a camera registered the children's gaze lifts. First and second graders copied the first syllable and then produced a gaze lift to obtain information on the…

  20. Readability as a Factor in Magazine Ad Copy Recall.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wesson, David A.

    1989-01-01

    Examines the relationship between advertising copy readability and advertising effectiveness. Finds that recall is improved when the copy style is either fairly easy or fairly hard to read. Suggests the value of considering copy readability as a potential contributor, though a minor one, to the success of magazine advertising. (RS)