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Sample records for d5s43 d7s21 d7s22

  1. Genetic variation at the ApoB 3[prime] HVR, D2S44, and D7S21 loci in the Ewondo ethnic group of Cameroon

    SciTech Connect

    Destro-Bisol, G.; d'Aloja, E.; Dobosz, M.; Pascali, V.L. ); Spedini, G. ); Presciuttini, S. )

    1994-07-01

    A sample of the Ewondo population (a Bantu-speaking group of Southern Cameroon) was analyzed for the polymorphism at three tandem repeated DNA loci (ApoB 3[prime] HVR, D2S44, and D7S21). The authors observed a greater number of ApoB 3[prime] HVR alleles (17) and a significantly higher estimated heterozygosity (.879[+-].011) than in previously surveyed populations, with the exception of U.S. Blacks. The higher genetic variability of Ewondo and U.S. Blacks was also shown by the ApoB 3[prime] HVR allele-frequency spectra. A method for measuring population distances, based on cumulative fragment-size distribution, is described. Interpopulation comparisons for ApoB 3[prime] HVR were carried out by this method and were compared with those obtained by a genetic distance measurement. The two sets of results showed a consistent pattern of population differentiation: the Ewondos and the U.S. Blacks clustered together and were apart from both a Caucasian cluster (Swedes, U.S. Whites, Italians, and Germans) and other well-defined populations (Sikhs of India and Pehuence Indians of Chile). Profile distances were then computed from D2S44 and D7S21 binned data. This analysis indicated a genetic affinity between Ewondos, U.S. Blacks, and Afro-Caribbean Blacks and outlined the genetic diversity between Ewondos, Caucasians, and Asian Indians. 56 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Genetic variation at the ApoB 3'HVR, D2S44, and D7S21 loci in the Ewondo Ethnic Group of Cameroon.

    PubMed Central

    Destro-Bisol, G.; Presciuttini, S.; d'Aloja, E.; Dobosz, M.; Spedini, G.; Pascali, V. L.

    1994-01-01

    A sample of the Ewondo population (a Bantu-speaking group of Southern Cameroon) was analyzed for the polymorphism at three tandem repeated DNA loci (ApoB 3' HVR, D2S44, and D7S21). We observed a greater number of ApoB 3' HVR alleles (17) and a significantly higher estimated heterozygosity (.879 +/- .011) than in previously surveyed populations, with the exception of U.S. Blacks. The higher genetic variability of Ewondo and U.S. Blacks was also shown by the ApoB 3' HVR allele-frequency spectra. A method for measuring population distances, based on cumulative fragment-size distribution, is described. Interpopulation comparisons for ApoB 3' HVR were carried out by this method and were compared with those obtained by a genetic distance measurement. The two sets of results showed a consistent pattern of population differentiation: the Ewondos and the U.S. Blacks clustered together and were well apart from both a Caucasian cluster (Swedes, U.S. Whites, Italians, and Germans) and other well-defined populations (Sikhs of India and Pehuence Indians of Chile). Profile distances were then computed from D2S44 and D7S21 bined data. This analysis indicated a genetic affinity between Ewondos, U.S. Blacks, and Afro-Caribbean Blacks and outlined the genetic diversity between Ewondos, Caucasians, and Asian Indians. PMID:7912886

  3. Short alleles revealed by PCR demonstrate no heterozygote deficiency at minisatellite loci D1S7, D7S21, and D12S11.

    PubMed Central

    Alonso, S; Castro, A; Fernández-Fernández, I; de Pancorbo, M M

    1997-01-01

    Short VNTR alleles that go undetected after conventional Southern blot hybridization may constitute an alternative explanation for the heterozygosity deficiency observed at some minisatellite loci. To examine this hypothesis, we have employed a screening procedure based on PCR amplification of those individuals classified as homozygotes in our databases for the loci D1S7, D7S21, and D12S11. The results obtained indicate that the frequency of these short alleles is related to the heterozygosity deficiency observed. For the most polymorphic locus, D1S7, approximately 60% of those individuals previously classified as homozygotes were in fact heterozygotes for a short allele. After the inclusion of these new alleles, the agreement between observed and expected heterozygosity, along with other statistical tests employed, provide additional evidence for lack of population substructuring. Comparisons of allele frequency distributions reveal greater differences between racial groups than between closely related populations. Images Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:9012415

  4. [The application of minisatellite MS31A MVR-PCR digital coding technique in forensic science].

    PubMed

    Hou, G

    2000-02-01

    Using isotope incorporate amplification technique of special 31A, 31A-A, 31A-G primers and alpha-32PdCTP, the minisatellite MS31A (located at D7S21 loci) was studied. A rapid, simple, and accurate MVR-PCR technique was successfully established. The technique can be applied in individual identification minutes amples, such as blood stains, semen stains contaminated by vaginal fluid, hair and bones. The sensitivity analysis revealed that this technique could detect 1 ng genoma DNA. It is also discribed about the application of the method in 40 criminal cases of rape and murder.

  5. [Genetic diversity of 3 DNA probes in the DNA fingerprinting of a Mexican population].

    PubMed

    Berumen-Campos, J; Casas-Avila, L; Hernández-Mendoza, A; Segura-Salinas, E; Medina-León, R; Larriva-Sahd, J

    1994-01-01

    Each individual may be identified by characterizing its genetic material by DNA fingerprinting technology. Its application in Mexico demands a knowledge of the allelic and genotypic diversity of the DNA markers and the probability that two individuals may have the same fingerprint. In the present study the allelic and genotypic diversities of the loci D12S11 (MS43A), D7S22 (g3) and D1S7 (MS1) were determined in 100 Mexican students of the military school of medicine (Escuela Médico Militar de México). The mean allelic frequency of the loci MS43A, g3, and MS1 was 0.01, 0.008 and 0.006, respectively. The heterozygosity of MS43A and g3 was 98 and 99% for MS1. The probability that two individuals might have the same genetic pattern was 2.0 x 10(-4), 1.3 x 10(-4) and 7.2 x 10(-5) for the loci MS43A, g3 and MS1, respectively, and as low as 1.9 x 10(-12) for the three taken together. These data indicate that the genetic diversity of these DNA fingerprinting markers in the Mexican population is high enough to warrant its use in paternity testing and in the identification of individuals in forensic medicine.

  6. A genome-wide search for genes predisposing to manic-depression, assuming autosomal dominant inheritance

    SciTech Connect

    Coon, H.; Jensen, S.; Hoff, M.; Holik, J.; Plaetke, R.; Reimherr, F.; Wender, P.; Leppert, M.; Byerley, W. )

    1993-06-01

    Manic-depressive illness (MDI), also known as [open quotes]bipolar affective disorder[close quotes], is a common and devastating neuropsychiatric illness. Although pivotal biochemical alterations underlying the disease are unknown, results of family, twin, and adoption studies consistently implicate genetic transmission in the pathogenesis of MDI. In order to carry out linkage analysis, the authors ascertained eight moderately sized pedigrees containing multiple cases of the disease. For a four-allele marker mapping at 5 cM from the disease gene, the pedigree sample has >97% power to detect a dominant allele under genetic homogeneity and has >73% power under 20% heterogeneity. To date, the eight pedigrees have been genotyped with 328 polymorphic DNA loci throughout the genome. When autosomal dominant inheritance was assumed, 273 DNA markers gave lod scores <[minus]2.0 at [theta] = .05, and 4 DNA marker loci yielded lod scores >1 (chromosome 5 -- D5S39, D5S43, and D5S62; chromosome 11 -- D11S85). Of the markers giving lod scores >1, only D5S62 continued to show evidence for linkage when the affected-pedigree-member method was used. The D5S62 locus maps to distal 5q, a region containing neurotransmitter-receptor genes for dopamine, norepinephrine, glutamate, and gamma-aminobutyric acid. Although additional work in this region may be warranted, the linkage results should be interpreted as preliminary data, as 68 unaffected individuals are not past the age of risk. 72 refs., 2 tabs.