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Sample records for dam ndi id

  1. National Dam Inspection Program. Maple Lake Dam (NDI ID Number PA-01026, DER ID Number 57-38), Susquehanna River Basin, Branch of Blackwater Run, Sullivan County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    34 dsde 187 SUSQUEHANNA RIVER BASIN BRANCH OF BLACKWATER RUN, SULLIVAN COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA Accession ForMAPLE LAKE DAM NTIS . A&.I.. NDI ID NO. PA-01026...iii OVERVIEW OF MAPLE LAKE DAM .. ........ .......... ........vi SECTION 1 - GENERAL INFOkMATION .. .. ............ ..........1 SECTION 2 - ENGINEERING...of Dam: Maple Lake Dam NDI ID No. PA-01026 DER ID No. 57-38 Size: Small (14.4 feet high; 126.5 acre-feet) Hazard Classification: High Owner: Russell E

  2. National Dam Inspection Report. Indian Mountain Lake Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00783, DER ID Number 45-227), Indian Mountain Lakes Civic Association, Inc. Delaware River Basin, Mud Run, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    north of Interstate 80. Indian Mountain Lake Dam is underlain by the Poplar Gap Member of the Catskill Fonitiori. The Poplar Gap Member is predo.inantly...ADAO B 588 GANNETT FLEM -INS CORORY AND CARPENTER ,INC HARRISBURG PA F/S 13/13 NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION REPORT. INDIAN MOUNTAIN LAKE DAM (NI I...COUNTYA BAINLEYEV PENNSYLVANIA NDI ID NO. PA.0078 DUl ID NO. 45-227 INDIAN MOUNTAIN LAKES CIVIC ASSOCIATION, INC. PHASE I INSPECTION REPORT NATIONAL DAM

  3. National Dam Inspection Program. Mountain Lake Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00546, DER ID Number 40-50). Delaware River Basin, Meadow Run, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    the Duncannon Member. Mountain Lake Dam is underlain by the Duncannon Member of the Catskill Formation. The Duncannon Member is predominantly a...ADAO87 936 GANNETT FLEMING CORODRY AND CARPENTER INC. HARRISBURG PA F/G 13/13 NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM. MOUNTAIN LAKE DAM (NDI ID NUMB--ETC(U...FLEMING CORDDRY AND GARPENTERIN4C. DACW31-80-C-00 17 8 0 8 11 1 4 9 DELAWARE RIVER BASIN MEADOW RUN, LUZERNE COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA MOUNTAIN LAKE DAM V NDI

  4. National Dam Inspection Program. Macham Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00043 Pennder I.D. Number 8-56) Susquehanna River Basin. Wolcott Creek, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    INSPECTION PROGRAM ABSTRACT Macham Dam: NDI I.D. No. PA-00043 Owner: Manley and Afton Chamberlain State Located: Pennsylvania (PennDER I.D. No. 8-56...storage capacity at top of dam. d. Hazard Classification. High (see Section 3.l.e). e. Ownership. Manley and Afton Chamberlain Box 122 R.D. 2 Wellsburg...N.Y. 14894 1 f. Purpose. Recreation. h. Historical Data. Macham Dam is owned by Manley and Afton Chamberlain, a father and son partnership who conceived

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. Little Youghiogheny River Site Number 5 (NDI-ID-MD-55), Ohio River Basin, Landon’s Dam Run, Garrett County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-06-01

    r~~t ~~ 1~• !~~,~ O8 13 J,~ 1 P b National Dam Inspection Program. Little \\ I Youghiogheny River Site Niguber 5 I (NDI~ID~MD—55), Ohio River...i / NAME OF DAM: Little Youghiogheny Site No. 5 STATE LOCATED: Maryland COUNTY LOCATED: Garrett STREAM : Landon ’s Dam Run , a small...conditions as they existed on the dates of the field reconnaissances , the general cond ition of Little Youghlogheny Site No. 5 is considered to be

  6. National Dam Inspection Program. Belmont Dam (NDI-ID Number PA-00252, DER-ID 35-33), Susquehanna River Basin, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    inspection check list is in Appendix A of this report. Sketches of a general plan , profile and typical cross sections as surveyed during the inspection are...on a regular basis. Valves should be maintained and operate~d on an annual basis. A formal surveillance plan and downstream warning system should be...end of reservoir breached in sixties. GENERAL PLAN OF DAM Not available. See sketch Plate A-I, Appendix A. TYPICAL SECTIONS Plates III and IV

  7. National Dam Inspection Program. Mountain Springs Lake Dam (NDI-ID number PA-00770), DER-ID number 45-42 Delaware River Basin, Appenzell Creek, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    Poplar Gap Member; and sandstones and conglomerates in the Duncannon Member. Mountain Springs Lake Dam is underlain by the Long Run Member of The Catskill ...AD-AG 636 GANNETT FLEMING CORDORY AND CARPENTER INC HARRISBURG PA F/G 13/13 NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM. MOUNTAIN SPRINGS LAKE DAM (NOI--ETC(U...5REEK. MONROE gOLJNTY ’ PENNSYLVANIA- -- " MOUNTAIN PRINGS LAKE DA &N I-ID .PA -,O ’a 7 0 , 7f 0- DER-ID -- d- 45-4 (~ ACK B /RADR ORDOINAL CONTAINS

  8. National Dam Inspection Program. Ingham Creek (Aquetong Lake) Dam (NDI ID PA 00224, PA DER 9-49) Delaware River Basin, Ingham Creek, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-04-01

    8217 Date of Inspection: December 18, 19B0 ASSESSMENT Ingham Creek Dam , which impounds a private recreational lake, consists of an earth embankment...Appurtenances. Ingham Creek Dam consists of an earth embankment, approximately 645 feet long, with a maximum height of 24 feet. The embankment has a...Elev. 149.8 12.4 Top of Dam , Elev. 150.8 13.4 g. Dam Data Type Earth Embankment Length 645 feet Height to Low Point of Top of Dam 24 feet Crest Width

  9. National Dam Inspection Program. Piney Run Dam (NDI-ID Number MD139), Chesapeake Bay Basin, Piney Run, Carroll County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    I ,/ .110 / DAM PLAN. GEOLOGIC NVESTIGATION LAYOUT AND OUTLET CHANLa DETAILS PINEY RUN WATERSHED CARhLL cONTY. HARYLAND U . S . DEPARTMENT OF...34 hazard dam in accordance with U . S . Army Corps of Engineers dam safety critera. Based on the evaluation of available design information and visual...conditions and ascertain cause of intermittent ponded water. ~18 4 APPENDIX A VISUAL OBSERVATIONS CHECK LIST AND FIELD SKETCH L-J (n(L S - 0 U . V 00 m

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Arlington Lake Dam (NDI ID PA 00321, PA DER 45-5), Delaware River Basin, Big Meadow Run, Pennsylvania. Phase I inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    generally considered to be safe under any expected Zone 1 earthquake loading conditions if it is stable under static loading conditions. Since the dam...hDCL m1 0i r-4 a) C 4z4 3- O) 4-) CL L. = 0= - 0. ) aLi 4-) 0) 0 .0o 4- 4-)4-3 +) .G) cc 0 .t 0) 0 0C &- 4-L4 . Lk =) 4m) - ’ GmO .C0-OJ00 0)4 D U ap 3

  11. National Dam Inspection Program. Bronson Pond Dam (NDI ID Number PA 00143, DER ID Number 64-42),Delaware River Basin, Middle Creek, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    r Bronson Pond Dam is an earth and rockfill structure approxi- mately 8 feet high and 100 feet in length. The dam was...near top of dam . Inflow occurring when the lake is at or above top of dam passes over and through the rockfill embankment. 1.3 Pertinent Data. a...the dam could cause a gradual, progressive failure. The flow rate does not appear to be an excessive amount for a dam of rockfill construction, but

  12. National Dam Inspection Program. Shawnee Dam (NDI-ID number PA-00629), DER-ID number 45-115 Shawnee Development, nc. Delaware River Basin, Shawnee Creek, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    development is present. The terrain varies from steep, mountainous areas to nearly flat areas in the valley. Camp Sun Mountain Lake Dam, a 9-foot high...dam, is located within the watershed about 0.45 mile upstream from Shawnee Dam. (Photographs K and L). Data for Camp Sun Mountain Lake Dam obtained...there is no means of drawing down the reservoir. (4) Reservoir Area. Camp Sun Mountain Lake Damn, located 0.45 mile upstrem, does affect the

  13. National Dam Inspection Program. Saxe Pond Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-729, DER ID Number 8-10) Susquehanna River Basin. North Branch Mehoopany Creek, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-04-01

    formations and the Catskill Formation between them belong to the Susquehanna Group of Upper Devonian Age. They consist of sandstones, shales , and...1; 1. I)If *~~~~~ C iy GEOLOGIC MAP OF AREA AROUND SAXE POND DAM, ROSCOE BURGESS DAM AND THE BIRCH CREEK DAM SCALE 1:250,000 PENNSvVANIAN DEVONIAN

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. Lewis Lake Dam (NDI-ID Number PA-00061, DER-ID Number 58-7), Susquehanna River Basin, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    HISTORY None. A-4 NDI NO. PA-00061 VISUAL INSPECTION OBSERVATIONS AND REMARKS INSTRUMENTATION Monumentation None. Observation Wells None. Weirs...6.52 1 1079. ( 16.B9) I 30.56)( 2 5770. ( 163.39)( 3 abo.01 C 158.59)( 4 4538, I 12B,0)O 5 3238. C 91,70)( SUIhARY OF PAM SAFETY ANALISIS PLAN I

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. Lower Hemlock Dam (NDI-ID Number PA-00756, DER-ID Number 52-117) Delaware River Basin, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    Spillway crest (Elev. 1432.0) 23.1 -3- G. Dam Refer to Plates III & IV in Appendix E for plan and section. Type: Earth embankment with concrete core...visual inspection check list and sketches of the general plan and profile of the dam, as surveyed during the inspection, are presented in Appendix A...Pecks Pond, Pa. See Plate II, Appendix E CONSTRUCTION HISTORY No records. GENERAL PLAN OF DAM Plate III, Appendix E. TYPICAL SECTIONS Plate IV, Appendix

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Forest Lake Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00968, DER ID Number 58-21), Susquehanna River Basin, Forest Lake Creek, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-05-01

    CREEK Unannounced 11Justification SUSQUEHANNA COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA Distribution/gf Avallability Codes FOREST L A K E D A M Avail and/or Dist Special Dist...limited to, overtopping of the dam and the development of piping conditions at the toe of the dam. (2) When warnings of storms of major proportions are...spillway provided for the facility. A service spillway, consisting of two 15-inch diameter, 27-foot-long Corrugated Metal Pipes (CMP), is located at

  17. National Dam Inspection Program. Laurel Run Number 2 Dam. (NDI ID Number PA-00550, DER ID Number 40-23), Susquehanna River Basin, Laurel Run, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    QUALITY PRACTICABLE. THE COPY FURNISHED TO DTIC CONTAINED A SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF PAGES WHICH DO NOT REPRODUCE LEGIBLY. SUSQUEHANNA -RIVER BASIN P44 N...GANNETT FLEMING CORDDRY \\ AND CARPENTER, INC. FREDERICK FUTCHKO S :,, Project Manager , Dam Section Date: 2 May 1980 Approved by: DEPARTMENT OF THE...Evaluation. a. Availability. Engineering data were provided by the Bureau of Dams and Waterway Management , Department of Environmental Resources

  18. National Dam Inspection Program. Meadow Run (DAM NDI ID Number PA-00555, DER ID Number 40-51), Delaware River Basin, Meadow Run, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    spillway crest level with excess inflow discharging over the spillway. The emergency drawdown facilities are not used. Spillway discharge flows to Mountain ...information acquired for this Report is summarized in Appendix B. Datum for the survey was taken at a USGS horizontal control point at Mountain Lake...to be an as-constructed condition. Tailwater at the dam is caused by Mountain Lake; the upstream end of Mountain Lake is at the toe of the dam

  19. National Dam Inspection Program. Arrowhead Lake Dam (NDI-ID Number PA- 00780, DER-ID Number 45-207), Delaware River Basin, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    channel is a typical mountain stream with tree lined overbanks. A maintenance building is located immediately down- stream from the dam. About 1000 feet...cottages surround- - the lake. Slopes Sedimentation None reported. Watershed Flat slopes - wooded. Description DOWNSTREAM CHANNEL Mountain stream - stony...Dam and Reservoir I Formation Name: Duncannon Member of the Catskill Formation. Lithology: Fine to coarse grained grayish red sandstone inter- bedded

  20. National Dam Inspection Program. Ponderosa Pines Dam (NDI ID Number PA- 00304, DER ID Number 64-204), Delaware River Basin, Tributary to West Branch Lackawaxen River, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    Engineer. (5) Monitor the rate and clarity of the point source leakage and any cha~nges in the extent of the wet area below the toe of the dam and take...pool level. There are no existing facilities to drain the reservoir below the aforementioned lower pool level. 1.4 Pertinent Data. a. Drainage Area ...Reservoir. Surface : (acres) Normal pool 10.1 Maximum pool Design Conditions Not Known Existing Conditions 15.3 g. Dam: Type - Earthfill embankment

  1. National Dam Inspection Program. Perrins Marsh Dam (NDI I.D. PA-0886, DER I.D. 066-005), Susquehanna River Basin Whitelock Creek, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    square miles and impounds a reservoir with a surface area of 84 acres at normal pool level. The flood discharge facilities for the dam consist of the...of the creek. The stream flows adjacent to a rural residential area for approximately one mile, and then discharges to an essentially uninhabited...valley. It is estimated that a failure of this dam would likely cause damage to the downstream bridges and property in the rural residential area . Loss of

  2. National Dam Inspection Program. Mountain Shadow Lake Dam (NDI ID Number PA 00244, DER ID Number 19-75), Susquehanna River Basin, Beaver Run, Columbia County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    Data. a. Drainage Area (square miles).. From files: 2.68 Computed for this report: 2.60 Use: 2.60 b. Discharge at Damsite (cubic feet per second...360.0 f. Reservoir Surface (acres). Spillway crest (El. 942.0) 35.0 Maximum pool (El. 947.0) 66.0 g. Dam. NOTE: Refer to Plates in Appendix E for plan...dam. Data available includes detailed plans and specifications , a report of soils investigation, and a hydrology report. In addition, the PennDER files

  3. National Dam Inspection Program. Reservoir Number 7 Dam (NDI ID Number PA 00090, DER ID Number 64-1), Susquehanna River Basin, Racket Brook, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    SECTION 1 - Project Information ............... ................. ... 1 SECTION 2 - Engineering Data ................ s....*.see..............4 SECTION 3 ...the PfIC , prior to overtopping the embankment. The dam was judged nz;,c to fail under 1/2 PHF conditions. Therefore, in accordance with the recommended...discharge channel. 3 . The operational condition of the outlet works should be determined and necessary maintenance performed, including clearing the

  4. National Dam Inspection Report. Lake Ondawa Dam (NDI ID Number PA-517 DER ID Number 8-28) Susquehanna River Basin, Tributary Bentley Creek, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-04-01

    i " ’ i - - ~ ~, ,, -’ NU !|I ’ hs nI(I’ C;i o dd R / ,\\I C II " I . . . ../ 4P ’dN DAM SUAR REE DA AN LAE DAWA DA Ds , A". ’’ E ’ -i A~ F ,,, vat.. 1, P Codd,,4 014, 14, "I, C Tw 1- 04,shot *./A -e Ds I

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. Saw Creek Club Dam. Delaware River Basin, Saw Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania (NDI ID Number PA-00764, DER ID Number 52-7), Saw Creek Club, Inc. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    Mountain , which is a part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. The escarpment is well-defined southwestward from Camelback Mountain , but is more irregular...the Catskill Formation. These members include sand-stones, siltstone, and shales of the Towamensing Member; sandstone, siltstone and shale of the...Club Dam is underlain by the Walcksville Member of the Catskill Formation. The Walcksville Member is a cycle sequence of sandstones and shales with

  6. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Jamie Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00778, DER ID Number 45-220). Delaware River Basin, Leavitt Branch of Brodhead Creek, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    the reservoir. It is a natural low area that discharges into Spruce Mountain Run. The various features of the dam are shown on the Photographs in...Construction was due to start in the late summer of 1955, when Tropical Storm Diane occurred. The Owner believed the contractor was called " Mountain ...spillway discharge flows downstream in Spruce Mountain Run. 1.3 Pertinent Data a. Drainage Area. (square miles) 0.8 b. Discharge at Damsite. (cfs.) Maximum

  7. National Dam Inspection Program. Lower Birchwood Lake Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00403, DER ID Number 52-145). Delaware River Basin, Dike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    CHECK 1LIST OF ENGINEERING DATA APPENDIX C - PHT(OGRAPHS APPENDIX )- HYIROLOGY AN HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS APPENDI X E - PILATFS APPENDIX F - GEOLOGIC...displace- ment of these walls. About 500 feet below the dam, the channel discharges through an 8’ x 5.5’ high culvert located under a state highway...EQUIPMENT, Sloping slide gate (18" x 18") on the upstream PLANS & DETAILS slope. Plate III, Appendix E. CONSTRUCTION RECORDS None, except copy of

  8. National Dam Inspection Program. K-Section Dam (NDI ID Number PA-1045, DER ID Number 1-84), Potomac River Basin, Tributary to Toms Creek, Adams County, Pennsylvania, Carroll Valley Borough. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    on the west side of this fault were uplifted during the closing stages of the Triassic period , forming the South Mountains of the Blue Ridge Province...observed to be located adjacent to the spillway. It was observed during the inspection that during periods of excessive inflow to the reservoir...a, APPENDIX F GEOLOGY General Geology The K-Section Dam is located in the Triassic Lowland Section, also known as the Gettysburg Plain, of the

  9. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Hamilton Dam (NDI-ID Number PA-01031), DER-ID Number 64-157), Delaware River Basin, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    5. That the valve on the outlet pipe be maintained and operated at least once each year . 6. That the low area on the right side of the spillway be...EVALUATION OF FEATURES 12 SECTION 6 - STRUCTURAL STABILITY 6.1 EVALUATION OF STRUCTURAL STABILITY 14 SECTION 7 - ASSESSMENT AND RECOMMENDATIONS 7.1 DAM...Classification: High (Refer to Section 3.i.E.) E. Ownership: Ms. Lavanda L. Lyman, Executive Director Rolling Hill Girl Scout Council 733 Route 202

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Jennings Pond Dam (NDI I.D. PA-0891 DER I.D. 066-012) Susquehanna River Basin, Little Mehoopany Creek, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-19

    CdeS ii i~ Aval i and/’r--PC ieesah r Assessment - Jennings Pond Dam 3. Around-the-clock surveillance should be provided during unusually heavy runoff...of upstream rock fill is unknown Cutoff Concrete wall Grout curtain Unknown h. Regulating Outlet Type 22-inch pipe Length 50+ feet Closure Upstream...concrete conduit controlled by a gate on the upstream end. A stem supported by a steel structure is used to manually operate the gate. The pipe extends

  11. National Dam Inspection Program. Johnson’s Pond (NDI-ID Number MD-11), Wicomico River Basin, Wicomico River, Wicomico County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    include construction records or design calculations for the clay fill embankments, is considered to be sufficient to make the recommendations that are...DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM JOHNSONIS POND SCALE GUIDE TO LOCATION OF PHOTOGRAPHS 0 50’ 100, __________________________________ 11E 1980 PLATE C-1 I~ EhI

  12. National Dam Inspection Program. St. Mary’s River Watershed, Site Number 1, (NDI-ID Number MD-28) Potomac River Basin, Western Branch of St. Mary’s River, St. Mary’s County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    storm frequency is assigned to the 11.5 inches of rainfall. Using the 11,700 cfs rate, the maximum design high water level was established at an eleva...THE COPY FURNISHED TO DTIC CONTAINED A SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF PAGES WHICH DO NOT REPRODUCE LEGIBLY. JPTOX4C JIVER BAS! 5 f ESTERN)RANCH OF ST. MARY’S...River Watershed, Site No. I NDI ID NO. MD-28 Size: Intermediate (9600 acre-feet, 38 feet high ) Hazard Classification: High Owner: State of Maryland

  13. National Dam Inspection Program. Laurel Hill Lake Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-267, Penn.DER Number 56-66) Ohio River Basin. Laurel Hill Creek, Somerset County, Pennsylvania Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    AD-A GOG 1 73 ACKENH’EIL AND I ASSOCIATES INC BALTIMORE MO F /6 13/13NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM. LAUREL HILL LAKE DAM (NI I.D.--ETC(U) MAR...E2 APPENDIX F - REGIONAL GEOLOGY Regional Geology ...... ................ Fl Geologic Map.. ...... ................. F2 vi 4...Department of Environmental Resources, P. 0. Box 1467, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17120. F . PURPOSE OF DAM: The dam was constructed for use as a

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. Todd Spring Reservoir (NDI ID Number PA-00241, DER ID Number 5-6), Susquehanna River Basin, Unnamed Tributary of Raystown Branch Juniata River, Bedford County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    AC -- 0 011 0 V. V,’SCALE V ’ t’ CON ’’PE11138 .~~~- .. . BIVt. OF WA?60 1-4- G& lfs.s. EARTH DAM CONTOUR PLAN OF THE SOUTH BANK ~ OF THE TODD...PLLO ATE 3 IPOOL LEVEL DT FISETO:GNRLPA 2ICH ABV SPL BARIDES FEDISPCTIONE CHNOTE L FIELD INSPECTION DATE: NOV. 19,19T9 DWPPLANI4 NOT TO SCALE 0 -~ 0

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. Ross Pond Dam (NDI I.D. PA-0265, DER I. D. 058-142), Susquehanna River Basin, Tributary of Drinker Creek, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    visual examination of the spillway and the visible portions of the outlet works. 3. The evaluation of the downstream area hazard potential. The specific ... areas , at about the midheight of the dam, signs of sloughing were observed. Sloughing appeared to be surficial, caused by surface runoff. In these...of 0.98 square mile and impounds a reservoir with a surface area of 51.4 acres at normal pool level. The flood discharge facility of the dam

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Blue Mountain Lake Dam (NDI ID PA 00627, PA DER 45-34), Delaware River Basin, Unnamed Tributary of Brodhead Creek, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    mounood [ ,3Q,,s’t,lt l oo &I on .. .. .+ MCCR DELAWARE RIVER BASIN Avallability Co4e _Avail- and/tim’eor - 11As pecial8J BLUE MOUNTAIN LAKE DAM...concrete reservoir outlet pipe discharges into the spillway channel about 50 feet downstream of the embankment. The inlet gate, which is located in the...impoundment at the upstream end of the pipe , is no longer operable. b. Lncation. Blue Mountain Lake Dam is located on a branch of Ruliffs Run, about 2.5

  17. National Dam Inspection Program. North Arrowhead Lake Dam (NDI ID PA 00743, PA DER 45-246), Delaware River Basin, Unnamed Tributary of Trout Creek, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    junction with the concreto discharge apron. 7. Irreyular surfaces on the dam and levee should be regraded and back- filled with suitable compacted...to good aquifer. Glacial deposits occurring in the valley floor are quite permeable and act as excellent sources of groundwater and recharge to the

  18. National Dam Inspection Program. Hathaway Pond Dam (NDI ID Number PA 00050, PennDER Number 58-06), Susquehanna River Basin, West Branch of Lackawanna River, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    34 ’" ’ , :J.. SECTION 3 - VISUAL INSPECTION 3.1 FINDINGS a. General - The dam was found to be in poor overall condition at the time of inspection on...outlet to basin divide. L = Length of water course from outlet to point opposite the centroid of drainage area. ca 1P MIC. AEI. BAKER, JR., INC. Subject...Pr.0 5V1A~ps- -s-zey -] V7 (/f.a 4 27. 4 tP.4,/)-7.4 o)) V= -z- 3 ~-/ A𔄃ZF f’- tje � 5V? 17,tt 7W,9 LV V10,xI: 0.30 -. . 7-,e r 4 7 ’i gesw’./7’ LV

  19. National Dam Inspection Program. Little Youghiogheny River Site Number 1. (NDI I.D. Number MD-44) Ohio River Basin. Cherry Glade Run, Garrett County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-01

    the dam embankment and spillway are in good condition. Visual observations were made during periods when reservoir and tailwater were at normal pool...There is no record of the emergency spillway ever being activated during periods of heavy rainfall. c. Visual Observations. No serious appurtenant...tailvater pool levels. and emergency spillway channel during periods of unusually heavy rainfall. b) Warning System. Formal warning procedures to alert

  20. National Dam Inspection Program. Broad Creek Dam (NDI-Number-MD-00017), Susquehana River Basin, Broad Creek, Harford County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-08-01

    4 miles upstream from Conowingo Dam . c. Size Classification. The maximum height of the dam is 36.4 feet. The reservoir volume to the top of the dam at...159.0 HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL GAGES: a. Type daily totals b. Location Conowingo Dam c. Records 44 yrs. of record B-1 1 lam CN r-4 -4 .4 1 -4 :3 44 N C~4 q...G7NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM. BROAD CREEK DAM (NDI NUMBER-MD--ETC(U) UNCLASSIFIED mnmmmmmmmu miinihEEEEEiA JIB125 1.4~~~flf~~ MICRO~COPY R[So

  1. National Dam Inspection Program. Upper Mt. Holly Dam (NDI Number PA-00583, DER Number 21-001), Susquehanna River Basin, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    static stability is sufficient to withstand minor earthquake- induced dynamic forces. No studies or calculations have been made to confirm this...periods of high or prolonged rainfall . 7. That an operation and maintenance manual be prepared for guidance in the operation of the dam during normal and...later plans available. OUTLETS: No plans. PLAN DETAILS CONSTRAINTS DISCHARGE RATINGS B-I NDI NO. PA-O_ 583 ENGINEERING DATA ITEM REMARKS RAINFALL & No

  2. National Dam Inspection Program. Crabapple Dam (NDI Number PA 00907, PennDER Number 26-32) Ohio River Basin, Crabapple Run, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    7 D-A091 529 ACKENHEIL AND ASSOCIATES INC PITTSBURGH PA F/6 13/13 NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM. CRABAPPLE DAM (NDI NUMBER PA 0-ETC(U) JUL B8 J P...HANNAN, J E BARRICK DAC 31- BOC-0026 UNCLASSIFIE NLE2IIIIIIIhIIIl EIIIIIIIIIIIII 0OHI0 RIVER BASIN CRABAPPLE RUN FAYETTE COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA NDI No. PA...00907 :E- 1rŘ PENN DER No. 26-32 me CRABAPPLE DAM STEPHEN VINCINSKI and GEORGE THOMAS PHASE I INSPECTION REPORT NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM J 1

  3. DamID Analysis of Nuclear Organization in Caenorhabditis elegans.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Saldivar, Georgina; Meister, Peter; Askjaer, Peter

    2016-01-01

    The development of genomics and next generation sequencing platforms has dramatically improved our insight into chromatin structure and organization and its fine interplay with gene expression. The nuclear envelope has emerged as a key component in nuclear organization via extensive contacts between the genome and numerous proteins at the nuclear periphery. These contacts may have profound effects on gene expression as well as cell proliferation and differentiation. Indeed, their perturbations are associated with several human pathologies known as laminopathies or nuclear envelopathies. However, due to their dynamic behavior the contacts between nuclear envelope proteins and chromatin are challenging to identify, in particular in intact tissues. Here, we propose the DamID technique as an attractive method to globally characterize chromatin organization in the popular model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. DamID is based on the in vivo expression of a chromatin-associated protein of interest fused to the Escherichia coli DNA adenine methyltransferase, which produces unique identification tags at binding site in the genome. This marking is simple, highly specific and can be mapped by sensitive enzymatic and next generation sequencing approaches.

  4. SpDamID: Marking DNA Bound by Protein Complexes Identifies Notch-Dimer Responsive Enhancers.

    PubMed

    Hass, Matthew R; Liow, Hien-Haw; Chen, Xiaoting; Sharma, Ankur; Inoue, Yukiko U; Inoue, Takayoshi; Reeb, Ashley; Martens, Andrew; Fulbright, Mary; Raju, Saravanan; Stevens, Michael; Boyle, Scott; Park, Joo-Seop; Weirauch, Matthew T; Brent, Michael R; Kopan, Raphael

    2015-08-20

    We developed Split DamID (SpDamID), a protein complementation version of DamID, to mark genomic DNA bound in vivo by interacting or juxtapositioned transcription factors. Inactive halves of DAM (DNA adenine methyltransferase) were fused to protein pairs to be queried. Either direct interaction between proteins or proximity enabled DAM reconstitution and methylation of adenine in GATC. Inducible SpDamID was used to analyze Notch-mediated transcriptional activation. We demonstrate that Notch complexes label RBP sites broadly across the genome and show that a subset of these complexes that recruit MAML and p300 undergo changes in chromatin accessibility in response to Notch signaling. SpDamID differentiates between monomeric and dimeric binding, thereby allowing for identification of half-site motifs used by Notch dimers. Motif enrichment of Notch enhancers coupled with SpDamID reveals co-targeting of regulatory sequences by Notch and Runx1. SpDamID represents a sensitive and powerful tool that enables dynamic analysis of combinatorial protein-DNA transactions at a genome-wide level.

  5. SpDamID: Marking DNA Bound by Protein Complexes Identifies Notch-Dimer Responsive Enhancers

    PubMed Central

    Hass, Matthew R.; Liow, Hien-haw; Chen, Xiaoting; Sharma, Ankur; Inoue, Yukiko U.; Inoue, Takayoshi; Reeb, Ashley; Martens, Andrew; Fulbright, Mary; Raju, Saravanan; Stevens, Michael; Boyle, Scott; Park, Joo-Seop; Weirauch, Matthew T.; Brent, Michael; Kopan, Raphael

    2015-01-01

    SUMMARY We developed Split DamID (SpDamID), a protein complementation version of DamID, to mark genomic DNA bound in vivo by interacting or juxtapositioned transcription factors. Inactive halves of DAM (DNA Adenine Methyltransferase) were fused to protein pairs to be queried Interaction or proximity enabled DAM reconstitution and methylation of adenine in GATC. Inducible SpDamID was used to analyze Notch-mediated transcriptional activation. We demonstrate that Notch complexes label RBP sites broadly across the genome, and show that a subset of these complexes that recruit MAML and p300 undergo changes in chromatin accessibility in response to Notch signaling. SpDamID differentiates between monomeric and dimeric binding thereby allowing for identification of half-site motifs used by Notch dimers. Motif enrichment of Notch enhancers coupled with SpDamID reveals co-targeting of regulatory sequences by Notch and Runx1. SpDamID represents a sensitive and powerful tool that enables dynamic analysis of combinatorial protein-DNA transactions at a genome-wide level. PMID:26257285

  6. 75 FR 50777 - Minidoka Dam Spillway Replacement, Minidoka County, ID

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-17

    ... Snake River about 18 miles northeast from the city of Burley, ID within the Minidoka Wildlife Refuge... Road, Boise, ID. Bureau of Reclamation, Upper Snake Field Office, 1359 Hansen Avenue, Burley, ID...

  7. Dam it's good! DamID profiling of protein-DNA interactions.

    PubMed

    Aughey, Gabriel N; Southall, Tony D

    2016-01-01

    The interaction of proteins with chromatin is fundamental for several essential cellular processes. During the development of an organism, genes must to be tightly regulated both temporally and spatially. This is achieved through the action of chromatin-binding proteins such as transcription factors, histone modifiers, nucleosome remodelers, and lamins. Furthermore, protein-DNA interactions are important in the adult, where their perturbation can lead to disruption of homeostasis, metabolic dysregulation, and diseases such as cancer. Understanding the nature of these interactions is of paramount importance in almost all areas of molecular biological research. In recent years, DNA adenine methyltransferase identification (DamID) has emerged as one of the most comprehensive and versatile methods available for profiling protein-DNA interactions on a genomic scale. DamID has been used to map a variety of chromatin-binding proteins in several model organisms and has the potential for continued adaptation and application in the field of genomic biology. WIREs Dev Biol 2016, 5:25-37. doi: 10.1002/wdev.205 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website. © 2015 The Authors. WIREs Developmental Biology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Inducible DamID systems for genomic mapping of chromatin proteins in Drosophila

    PubMed Central

    Pindyurin, Alexey V.; Pagie, Ludo; Kozhevnikova, Elena N.; van Arensbergen, Joris; van Steensel, Bas

    2016-01-01

    Dam identification (DamID) is a powerful technique to generate genome-wide maps of chromatin protein binding. Due to its high sensitivity, it is particularly suited to study the genome interactions of chromatin proteins in small tissue samples in model organisms such as Drosophila. Here, we report an intein-based approach to tune the expression level of Dam and Dam-fusion proteins in Drosophila by addition of a ligand to fly food. This helps to suppress possible toxic effects of Dam. In addition, we describe a strategy for genetically controlled expression of Dam in a specific cell type in complex tissues. We demonstrate the utility of the latter by generating a glia-specific map of Polycomb in small samples of brain tissue. These new DamID tools will be valuable for the mapping of binding patterns of chromatin proteins in Drosophila tissues and especially in cell lineages. PMID:27001518

  9. damidseq_pipeline: an automated pipeline for processing DamID sequencing datasets.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Owen J; Brand, Andrea H

    2015-10-15

    DamID is a powerful technique for identifying regions of the genome bound by a DNA-binding (or DNA-associated) protein. Currently, no method exists for automatically processing next-generation sequencing DamID (DamID-seq) data, and the use of DamID-seq datasets with normalization based on read-counts alone can lead to high background and the loss of bound signal. DamID-seq thus presents novel challenges in terms of normalization and background minimization. We describe here damidseq_pipeline, a software pipeline that performs automatic normalization and background reduction on multiple DamID-seq FASTQ datasets. Open-source and freely available from http://owenjm.github.io/damidseq_pipeline. The damidseq_pipeline is implemented in Perl and is compatible with any Unix-based operating system (e.g. Linux, Mac OSX). o.marshall@gurdon.cam.ac.uk Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press.

  10. Analysis of steric effects in DamID profiling of transcription factor target genes.

    PubMed

    Ramialison, Mirana; Waardenberg, Ashley J; Schonrock, Nicole; Doan, Tram; de Jong, Danielle; Bouveret, Romaric; Harvey, Richard P

    2017-03-01

    DNA adenine methyltransferase identification (DamID) is an enzymatic technology for detecting DNA regions targeted by chromatin-associated proteins. Proteins are fused to bacterial DNA adenine methyltransferase (Dam) and expressed in cultured cells or whole organisms. Here, we used DamID to detect DNA regions bound by the cardiac-restricted transcription factors (TFs) NKX2-5 and SRF, and ubiquitously-expressed co-factors ELK1 and ELK4. We compared targets bound by these TFs as N- and C-terminal fusions with Dam, for both wild type (WT) NKX2-5 and mutant proteins mimicking those found in congenital heart disease. Overall, DamID is highly robust: while the orientation of WT Dam fusions can affect the size of the target sets, their signatures remained largely reproducible. Furthermore, a severe NKX2-5 mutant lacking the homeodomain showed strong steric effects negatively impacting target discovery. The extent of steric effect is likely to be dependent on the protein in question and the orientation of Dam fusion. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. National Dam Safety Program. Martindale Dam (NDI Number PA-00444, PennDER Number 11-17), Ohio River Basin, Trout Run, Cambria County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    AD-A91 699 BAKER ( MICHAEL ) JR INC BEAVER PA F/6 13/13 NATIONAL DAM SAFETY PROBRAM. MARTINDALE DAM (NDI NUMBER PA.OGRR-ETCCU) 9 AUG Bo OACW3-80-C...Q- Baltimore, Maryland 21203 preparod by a- C.o / MICHAEL BAKER, JR., INC. , Consulting Engineers - $’ 9 cm: 4301 Dutch Ridge Road Beaver...Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Baltimore District, Corps of Engineers Baltimore, Maryland 21203. b1 (1:’ w I Prepared by: MICHAEL BAKER, JRI

  12. A non-parametric peak calling algorithm for DamID-Seq.

    PubMed

    Li, Renhua; Hempel, Leonie U; Jiang, Tingbo

    2015-01-01

    Protein-DNA interactions play a significant role in gene regulation and expression. In order to identify transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) of double sex (DSX)-an important transcription factor in sex determination, we applied the DNA adenine methylation identification (DamID) technology to the fat body tissue of Drosophila, followed by deep sequencing (DamID-Seq). One feature of DamID-Seq data is that induced adenine methylation signals are not assured to be symmetrically distributed at TFBS, which renders the existing peak calling algorithms for ChIP-Seq, including SPP and MACS, inappropriate for DamID-Seq data. This challenged us to develop a new algorithm for peak calling. A challenge in peaking calling based on sequence data is estimating the averaged behavior of background signals. We applied a bootstrap resampling method to short sequence reads in the control (Dam only). After data quality check and mapping reads to a reference genome, the peaking calling procedure compromises the following steps: 1) reads resampling; 2) reads scaling (normalization) and computing signal-to-noise fold changes; 3) filtering; 4) Calling peaks based on a statistically significant threshold. This is a non-parametric method for peak calling (NPPC). We also used irreproducible discovery rate (IDR) analysis, as well as ChIP-Seq data to compare the peaks called by the NPPC. We identified approximately 6,000 peaks for DSX, which point to 1,225 genes related to the fat body tissue difference between female and male Drosophila. Statistical evidence from IDR analysis indicated that these peaks are reproducible across biological replicates. In addition, these peaks are comparable to those identified by use of ChIP-Seq on S2 cells, in terms of peak number, location, and peaks width.

  13. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake of the Four Seasons Dam (NDS-ID Number PA-568, DER-ID Number 40-225) Susquehanna River Basin, Oley Creek, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    A0-AU91 266 KIMBALL (L ROBERT) AND ASSOCIATES EBENSBURG PA F/G 13/13 NATIONAL JAM INSPECTION PROGRAM. LAKE OF THE FOUR SEASONS DAM (--ETC(U) SEP 80 R...PENNSYLVANI LAKE OF THE FOUR SEASONS DA NDS ID NO. PA-568 DER ID NO. 40-225 DIVERSIFIED MORTGAGE INVESTORS INC. PHASE I INSPECTION REPORT v- NATIONAL DAM...OLEY CREEK LUZERNE COUNTY ~ IEPEN NSYL VAN IA-,, LAKE OF THE FOUR SEASONS DAM li0 L __NOS4D14. PA-56! DER 40. 4Y225) A:HASE JINSPE TIO LEP 5 NATIONAL

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. Group Camp Dam. (NDI Number PA 00259, PennDER Number 4-31), Ohio River Basin, Traverse Run, Phase 1 Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    dam is on the low side of the "Small" size category.) The spillway is-therefore’con- sidered "adequate." -The dam was found to be in good overall...ENGINEERS AMS W. PECK olonel, Corps of Engineers istrict Engineer Date: A ,I7 S- iiiF • .. .| -•j GROUP CAMP DAM IMI* 4 View of Upstream Side of Dam...from the Right Abutment ’ i II , X. View of Downstream Side of Dam from the Right Abutment iv -L-LL TABLE OF CONTENTS P age Section 1 - Project

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. SCS Dam PA-419 (NDI Number PA-00086 DER Number 64-170), Delaware River Basin, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    1259) 2.1 Emergency Spillway crest (Elev. 1273.2) 8.9 Top of dam (Elev. 1278.1) 11.3 G. Dam Refer to Plate III and VI in Appendix E for plan and section...specifications is included in the design report. As built plans are available in the SCS office, Harrisburg, PA. 2.3 OPERATION There are no formal records...foot below the crest of the emergency spillway. The visual inspection check list and sketches of the general plan and profile of the dam, as surveyed

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Auburn Dam (NDS I.D. Number PA 00670, DER I.D. Number 54-163) Delaware River Basin Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    AUBURN DAM, NDS I.D. No. PA 00670 (3) Surficial joint deterioration of the right non- overflow section should be periodically inspected. If... periodically monitored and evalu- ated. Repairs to deteriorated joints caused by seepage would include sealing of the structure/ joint from the upstream side of...non-overflow section should be periodically monitored and evaluated. 9 SECTION 4 OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES 4.1 Procedures. Operation of the dam does not

  17. National Dam Inspection Program. Wye Mills Dam, (NDI-Number-MD-00029) Upper Chesapeake Bay Basin. Queen Annes County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-05-01

    AD-AOG8 799 cORPS OF ENGINEERS BALTIMORE MD BALTIMORE DISTRICT F/6 13/13 NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM? WYE MILLS DAM, (NOI-NJMBFR-MD---ETC(U...ARMY Baltimore District, Corps of Engineers Baltimore, Maryland 21203 Prepared by: WATER RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION Department of Natural Resources Tawes...Copies of these guidelines may be obtained from the Office of Chief of Engineers , Washington, D.C. 20314. The purpose of a Phase I Investigation is to

  18. National Dam Inspection Program. Highlands Farm Dam NDI Number PA-01099 DER Number 1-087. Susquehanna River Basin. Adams County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-04-01

    maintenance manual be prepared for guidance in the operation of the dam during normal and emer- gency conditions, and that a schedule be developed for the...operation and maintenance manual be prepared for guidance in the operation of the dam during normal and emer- gency conditions, and that a schedule be...conducted for this report are presented in Section 5. For detailed information regarding this program refer to the Users Manual for the Flood Hydrograph

  19. National Dam Inspection Program. Sheppard Dam (NDI Number PA-00333, DER Number 1-71), Susquehanna River Basin, Adams County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    well maintained grass mat . The downstream slope is flat and there were no signs of instability or seepage. The junctions at the abutments were good...the dam and the downstream slope are protected with a well maintained grass mat . The downstream toe is clear of any brush and weeds. The upstream slope...I0 0 62L69 m0 0 0 0 000 __ _ _ _+_ SH EPPAR D DAM 0 n0 PA - 00333 LO I NSPECTION SURVEY PILATE A-I r1 APPENDIX B CHECK LIST OF ENGINEERING DATA

  20. National Dam Inspection Program. SCS Dam PA-451 (NDI Number PA-01031 DER Number 64-197), Delaware River Basin, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    classification of this dam is small and the hazard classifi- cation is high. For this dam the recommended Spillway Design Flood (SDF) is the Probable Maximum...Quadrangle - Newfoundland, Pa. Latitude 410-17.7 ’, Longitude 75-21.7’ Appendix E, Plates I & II C. Size Classification : Small (Height 15 feet Storage 190...acre-feet) -1- .~~~~~~ .k ..... D. Hazard Classification : High (Refer to Section 3.1.E) E. Ownership (Maintenance): Wayne County Commissioners Wayne

  1. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Strause Dam (NDI Number PA-01010, DER Number 38-068), Susquehanna River Basin, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    STRAUSE INC. LEBANON COUNTY S(6) That an operation and maintenanceu manual be prepared for guidance in the operation of the dam during normal and emer... manual be prepared for guidance in the operation of the dam during normal and emer- gency conditions, and that a schedule be developed for the annual...Xc e -r I - 1 //oA- 14L t (4, f 72,,q) (~* ;~ 30" 3o. 4 1.7 BY--. --- DATlE_ BERGEI ASSOCIATES s1111 NO, -- _ . _- CNKD. BY ------ DATE .- _ _ P- -OJlC

  2. DamID-seq: Genome-wide Mapping of Protein-DNA Interactions by High Throughput Sequencing of Adenine-methylated DNA Fragments.

    PubMed

    Wu, Feinan; Olson, Brennan G; Yao, Jie

    2016-01-27

    The DNA adenine methyltransferase identification (DamID) assay is a powerful method to detect protein-DNA interactions both locally and genome-wide. It is an alternative approach to chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). An expressed fusion protein consisting of the protein of interest and the E. coli DNA adenine methyltransferase can methylate the adenine base in GATC motifs near the sites of protein-DNA interactions. Adenine-methylated DNA fragments can then be specifically amplified and detected. The original DamID assay detects the genomic locations of methylated DNA fragments by hybridization to DNA microarrays, which is limited by the availability of microarrays and the density of predetermined probes. In this paper, we report the detailed protocol of integrating high throughput DNA sequencing into DamID (DamID-seq). The large number of short reads generated from DamID-seq enables detecting and localizing protein-DNA interactions genome-wide with high precision and sensitivity. We have used the DamID-seq assay to study genome-nuclear lamina (NL) interactions in mammalian cells, and have noticed that DamID-seq provides a high resolution and a wide dynamic range in detecting genome-NL interactions. The DamID-seq approach enables probing NL associations within gene structures and allows comparing genome-NL interaction maps with other functional genomic data, such as ChIP-seq and RNA-seq.

  3. Scoring overlapping and adjacent signals from genome-wide ChIP and DamID assays.

    PubMed

    Fu, Audrey Qiuyan; Adryan, Boris

    2009-12-01

    Much of the research utilising genome-wide ChIP and DamID assays aims to understand the combinatorial feature of transcription factor binding and the chromatin modification code. With these experimental methods becoming more affordable and widespread, the focus of research is shifting to making sense of the data. Amongst the many challenges arising from data analyses, we are concerned with identifying biologically meaningful co-occurrences of transcription factor binding or chromatin modifications, using genome-wide profiles generated from ChIP and DamID assays. Co-occurrences are reflected in overlapping and adjacent signals in multiple ChIP or DamID profiles. We review existing quantitative methods to score overlaps and to cluster binding events in ChIP and DamID profiles. For pairwise comparison, existing methods either are based on a single score at the genome level or take a genomic, region-specific view. To draw inference from many profiles simultaneously, methods exist to cluster regions by their regulatory importance or to infer cis-regulatory modules for a particular region. We provide a simple guide to some of the statistical tools used by these methods.

  4. National Dam Inspection Program. Heilman Dam (NDI Number PA-00612, DER Number 13-005), Delaware River Basin, Carbon County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    Facing Mill Dam at this site was issued to the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company on February 26, 1914. Construction was to be in accordance with the plans as...Appendix E for plan and section. Type: Earthfill. Length: 385 feet, including 125 foot long spillway. Height: 15 feet. Top Width: Design - 12 feet...noticeable at both abutments and near the valve house. Plans were submitted for remedial measures in 1914 and were approved on June 23, 1914. These

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. SCS Dam PA-445 (NDI Number PA-00099 DER Number 64-176), Delaware River Basin, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    per second) See Appendix D for hydraulic calculations Maximum known inflow (estimated from U.S.G.S. 370 ~gage data for Mill Creek at nearby Mountain ...PA-445. Based on records of the U.S.G.S. stream gage on Mill Creek at nearby Mountain - home, PA, the maximum inflow to PA-445 is estimated to be 370...44 𔃾 -~ ( APPENDIX F 4 ~ ~q* ~ - A ~ I ~ GEOLOGIC REPORT Bedrock - Dam and Reservoir Formation Name: Poplar Gap Member, Catskill Formation

  6. National Dam Inspection Program. Keen Lake Dam (NDI Number PA-00092, Der Number 64-13), Delaware River Basin. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    flood plain within 1/2 mile of dam. No. Homes A- 5 j F~~ C/o w S // o Kee / ake Suree /I J- .9 PLAT A,- t ryr L- :10 ;L J&/ 5 Q s~odo1~ KM,,!/s L~/0040...l1h UlJI, 12 1 0 0 .71 RoUlINGi VIA LOSS [LOSS AVG IRES ISAME IOPT IF’iF’ L3TR 0.0 0.000 0.00 1 0 0 0 0 NSTPS NST[,L LAU AMS1K X ISK STOFRA IrI’RAT 1 0...OF RESERVOIR DEPT1I STORAbE OUTFLOW OVER TOP MAX OUTFLOW FAILORE PKF W.S.ELEV OVER DAK AC-FT CFS HOURS HOURS HOURS .39 1370,06 0.00 2442. 1044, 0,00

  7. National Dam Inspection Program. Peck’s Branch Dam (NDI-ID Number MD-23) Patapsco River Basin, Gwynns Run, Baltimore City, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    graient. braided *treson conmplex. Knc Clay fa6cis Light grey to black or brown clay containing variable anmouflto of qiene ll anid pawl., local...concordant einphtbolite 5n butse ewcniter, tote o caneitn thick, but @Iasymsta mtr thick es 44101lsn 1 f Dould Hill Ampkbole Member. Jl Drui Rigl...Arse in which the mapped rock formatione inetada up to 80% pegmatite identical t that descrbed abee,. commonly ae concordent mons a few inetm~ thick

  8. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Aleeda Dam (NDI-ID Number PA-00557) (DER-ID Number 40-219) (SCS-ID Number PA-530), Delaware River Basin Tributary to Bear Creek, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-05-01

    shallow syncline on the crest of North Mountain , forming the Mehoopnay coal basin. The second is the Milton Anticline, which exposes the Portage group in...Appalachian Plateau Province and are characterized by horizontal, or nearly horizontal strata. The Catskill continental group of rocks underlies those part...sandstone in the Catskill formation of Devonian Age. The Catskill formation is composed of shale, siltstone, and claystone; fine-to-medium-grained

  9. National Dam Inspection Program. Canonsburg Dam Number 2 (Johnsons Run Dam) (NDI Number PA 00506, PennDER Number 63-41), Ohio River Basin, Johnsons Run, Washington County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    performed by Burgess and Niple, Limited, and supplemented by Michael Baker, Jr., Inc., in accordance with procedures established by the Baltimore...Discharge at Dam Site (c.f.s.) - Maximum Flood - Unknown Spillway Capacity (at Pool El. 1035.0 ft. from Burgess and Niple, Limited "Synopsis of Flood...Crest Elevation 1030.8 feet used by Burgess and Niple, Limited. The original design drawings show the crest Elevation is 1024.5 feet. The conversion of

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Page’s Lake Dam NDI Number PA 00062 PennDER Number 58-5) Susquehanna River Basin, Salt Lick Creek, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    Upstream - 1.5H:lV Downstream - Vertical (stone wall) Zoning - The upstream slope is earth and rockfill . A concrete core wall is located upstream of...feet high, with a trapezoidal earth spillway. d. Overtopping Potential - Page’s Lake Dam is an "Intermediate" size - "Significant" hazard dam ...34Evalua- tion and Repair of Stonewall- earth Dams ," by Kent A. Healy, Proceedings of "Safety of Small Dams " conference, New England College, Henniker, New

  11. National Dam Inspection Program, Big Beaver Dam (Pa No Name Number 14, NDI Number PA 00258, PennDER Number 4-11), Ohio River Basin, Tributary of Clark’s Run, Beaver County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    the Allegheny Group , Pennsylvanian System. These members consist of cyclic sequences of shale, sandstone, limestone, and coal. It is estimated that the...4, GEOLOGIC MAP Blg Beaver Dom NDI No. PA 00258 Beaver County c Reproduced from Greater Pittsburgh Region Geologic Map. -A% 0 4 Compiled by W. R...Wagner and others, 1975 N Scale: One Inch Equals Approximately Two Miles See Legend, Next Page GEOLOGY MAP LEGEND GROUP FORMATION DESCRIPTION Alluvium

  12. National Dam Inspection Program. Comet Lake Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00796, PennDER I.D. Number 28-103), Potomac River Basin, Spring Run, Franklin County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    Cambrian age. The Harpers Formation is composed of a thick sequence of graywacke , siltstone, phyllite, and the conspicuous Montalto quartzite member. This...very resistant quartzite forms the upper slopes and crests of the ridges, while the less resistant siltstones, phyllites, and graywackes underlie

  13. National Dam Inspection Program. Totem Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00042, PennDER I.D. Number 8-8), Susquehanna River Basin, Camps Creek, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    surveillance of the facility during periods of unusually heavy precipitation. b. Have the facility evaluated by a registered pro- fessional engineer...be provisions for around-the-clock surveillance of the facility during periods of unusually heavy precipitation. 10 SECTION 5 HYDROLOG IC/HYDRAULIC...be provi- sions for around-the-clock surveillance of the facility during periods of unusually heavy precipitation. b. Have the facility evaluated by a

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. Rose Valley Lake Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-01127, PennDER I.D. Number 41-97), Susquehanna River Basin, Mill Creek, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    Group of Devonian age. Soils, generally on the north, northeast and south shores are derived from glacial till whereas the soils underlying the site of... period of continental glaciation. The Catskill member is poorly represented in outcrop throughout the area; however, outcrops in the Mill Creek gorge just

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. Edwards Dam (NDI ID Number PA-277, DER ID Number 32-36), Ohio River Basin, Unnamed Tributary of Two Lick Creek, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-18

    the spillway capacity and the nature and extent of improvements _____._,__ required to provide adequate spillway capacity. In the interim, the Avall ...condition of the outlet works facilities and develop a means for upstream control on all the pipes through the embankment. c. Clear brush and trees...channel. The records indicate that the outlet facilities consist of a 12-inch cast-iron blow-off pipe and a 6-inch cast-iron supply line. Flow through the

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Steel Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00495, PENNDER I.D. Number 63-63), Ohio River Basin, Center Branch of Pigeon Creek, Washington County, Pennsylvania.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    along the expansion joints in the spillway floor (see Photographs 3 and 4). The vegetation and supporting soil should be removed and the joints filled...owner immediately: a. Develop a formal emergency warning system to 4 notify downstream residents should hazardous conditons develop. Included in the... Soil Conservation Service, 2nd Edition, Washington, D. C. 1969. 16. Water Resources Engineering, R. K. Linsley and J. B. Franzini, McGraw-Hill, Inc

  17. National Dam Inspection Program. Elk Lake Dam (NDI ID Number PA-01102, DER ID Number 64-4), Delaware River Basin, Elk Lake Run, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    about 3 feet of the surface of the water." According to the PWSC, the lake was acquired circa 1898 by the Lake Lodore Improvement Company, along with...lake was in dispute. The dispute was apparently settled by jury trial in 1962. As described by the present Owner, the Lake Lodore Improvement Company

  18. National Dam Inspection Program. Williamsburg Station Dam (NDI ID Number PA-540, DER ID Number 7-48), Susquehanna River Basin, Frankstown Branch, Juniata River, Blair County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    area should be inspected during periods of low flow in the river to document the actual condition of the section. The inspection of the structure...inspected during a period of low fllow in the riverd. 6 SECTION 4 OPERATIO0AL PROCEDURES 4.1 Procedures. Water is drawn from the reservoir on an as...approximate analysis of the static stability of the gravity spillway section was performed for this study. During periods of extreme hydrometeorological

  19. National Dam Safety Program. Penn Nursery Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00470, Penn DER I.D. Number 14-117), Susquehanna River Basin, Potter Run, Centre County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    surveillance of the facility during periods of unusually heavy precipitation. GAI Consultants, Inc. Approved by: Bernard M. mih Ixin, . tMW.FC \\JColonel...essentially self-regulating with excess inflows being automatically discharged over the emergency spillway. During periods of low flow in the dry summer...emergency warning system that provides for around-the-clock surveil- lance of the facility during periods of unusually heavy precipitation. 10j SECTION

  20. National Dam Inspection Program. Rockview Reservoir Dam. (NDI I.D. Number PA-00472 Pender I.D. Number 14-90) Susquehanna River Basin. McBrides Run, Centre County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    during periods of unusually heavy precipitation. e. Develop formal manuals of maintenance and operation to ensure future proper care of the facility...little mainten- ance is required. The lack of control mechanisms in the gate house reduces even further the number of items requir- ing periodic ...in the plan should be providions for around-the-clock surveillance of the facility during periods of unusually heavy precipitation. e. Develop formal

  1. National Dam Inspection Program. Upper Castanea Reservoir Dam. (NDI I.D. Number PA-00393 Pennder I.D. Number 18-7) Susquehanna River Basin. Harvey’s Run, Clinton County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    b - 8-.. it8 b - -1 . . w -4 4C - aa V3 I.1 A. ’ +ua~e BAN. sAF rT"( " UL+ TTAJ . DAEUBJE-C HET NO. l LF( L" OFUPE9 CASTAkJEA R.ES .LVT, UAM By DATE...NL22llllllllllum//l2 liii- IIIII 11H 11 14 MICROCOPY RESOLUIION TESI CHARI NA11_N AL N I , 4t 𔃾 II APPENDIX E FIGURES LIST OF FIGURES Figure Description/Title

  2. National Dam Inspection Program. Sugar Creek Dam (NDI ID Number PA-728, DER ID Number 8-53), Susquehanna River Basin, South Branch Sugar Creek, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-01

    chanpes are known to have occurred since the structure was enpleted in 1964 . e. Seismic Stah ~li.L. The dvii is located In seismic zone 1. No seismic...mapping or U.S.G.S. 7.5 minute " series topographic uaps or taken from reasonably accurate design data. * . 4. Dan Overtopping. Using given percentages of

  3. National Dam Inspection Program. Long Ridge Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA- 01022, PennDER I.D. Number 52-185), Delaware River Basin, Branch of Hornbecks Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    Erosbionobsre blong thuies usreamdem- attention. The deficiency is the result of inadequate slope pro- tection along portions of the upstream embankment...8217iftitift i~iIit tin’i. Hm’i inati 30f’? Vb~f 01,’,tlti’ ilA%9i~iittt Nnlint i~ LAUFRAnu Io PICK$fuumtpnntINdi.ig’iy anyttf’i r iud h~i.~.lIi i .u* i

  4. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Lattimore Dam (NDI-ID Number PA-00406, DER-ID Number 52-78) Delaware River Basin, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    Appendix E) and the access footbridge to this structure was replaced with earthfill between two retaining walls. -6- SECTION 3 - VISUAL INSPECTION 3.1...LOPF -NO. FOO1’BR I DG; E-M ’AN KM EN’, lN 5AC.K(,ROlINl’ NU FOOTBRIDGE . NOTE DETERIORATION OF PIERS -NO. 4 SPILLWAY -NO. )&)WN’U R ’,IIANNi.",. NOi’F

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. Dunmore Number 3 Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00376, DER ID Number 35-23), Susquehanna River Basin, Tributary to Little Roaring Brook, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-02-01

    shale, Pocono sandstone, and Catskill continental group are encountered in turn. The tributary streams, in flowing down the mountains , have generally cut...the Damascus formation of the Catskill group (oldest). The rim rocks, the Pottsville formation ang Pocon8 sandstone, have dips that rarely excead 10 to...rise in terrain is quite gradual and the crests of the high mountains are several miles from the Lackawanna River. Streams, such as Roaring Brook

  6. National Dam Inspection Program. Panther Lake Dam. Delaware River Basin, Freeling Run, Pike County, Pennsylvania (NDI ID Number PA-00416, DER ID Number 52-157), Panther Lake Property Owners Association. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    in Pike County within the Appalachian Plateau Physiographic Province. The most pronounced topographic feature in the area is Camelback Mountain ...which is part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. This escarpment has a well-defined southwestward trend from Camelback Mountain , but is irregular between...Camelback Mountain and Mt. Pocono, which lies to the north. Streams east of the escarpment drain directly to the Delaware River, while those to the

  7. National Dam Inspection Program. Number 5 Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00375 DER ID Number 35-22), Susquehanna River Basin, Stafford Meadow Brook, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-04-01

    Catskill continental group are encountered in turn. The tributary streams, in flowing down the mountains , have generally cut through or around the hard...the Catskill group (oldest). The rim rocks, the Pottsville formation and Pcono sandstone, have dips that rarely exceed 10 to 20 and form a rather...gradual and the crests of the high mountains are several miles from the Lackawanna River. Streams, such as Little Roaring Brook, Stafford Meadow Brook, and

  8. National Dam Inspection Program. Pecks Pond Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00754, PennDER I.D. Number 52-15), Delaware River Basin, Bush Kill Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    northeast over the Catskill Mountains and from the north over the Appalachian Plateau. The terminal moraine resulting from the southern most advance of the...see Geology Map). The sedimentological changes observed in the Catskill Formation indicate that the rate of sedimentation exceeded the rate of basin

  9. National Dam Inspection Program. Fawn Lake Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00822, PennDER I.D. Number 52-182). Delaware River basin, Branch of Hornbecks Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    Catskill Mountains and from the north over the Appalachian Plateau. The terminal moraine resulting from the southern most advance of the Wisconsin ice...The sedimentological changes observed in the Catskill Formation indicate that the rate of sedimentation exceeded the rate of basin subsidence...a -a MONROE CO. u NOE HEHBEDROCK SURFACE IS COVERED 4 AND SILTY CLAyS 3F VARIABLE BIusNILI THICKNESS REVISION 12-17-80 LEGEND Catskill Formation

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Watawga Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00098, DER ID Number 64-38), Delaware River Basin, Tributary to Lehigh River, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    The most pronounced topographic feature in the area is Camelback Mountain , which is part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. This escarpment has a well...defined, southwestward trend from Camelback Mountain , but is irregular between Camel- back Mountain and Mt. Pocono, which lies to the north. Streams...Formation, siltstones and shales of the Trimmers Rock Formation, and seven mapped members of the Catskill Formation. These members include sandstones

  11. National Dam Inspection Program. Glass Pond Number 2 Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00082, DER ID Number 64-8), Delaware River Basin, Tributary to Lackawaxen River, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    Camelback Mountain , which is part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. The escarpment has a well-deflned, southwestward trend from Camelback Mountain ...but it is irregular between Camelback Mountain and Mt. Pocono, which lies to the north. Streams east of the escarpment drain directly to the Delaware...Formation, and seven mapped members of the Catskill Formation. These members include sandstones, siltstones, and shales of the Towamensing Member

  12. National Dam Inspection Program. Pocono Highland Dam (NDI ID Number PA- 00992, DER ID Number 45-131), Delaware River Basin, Spring Run, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    is Camelback Mountain , which is a part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. The escarpment is well defined southwestward from Camelback Mountain , but is...more irregular between Camelback Mountain and Mt. Pocono, which lies to the north. Streams east of the escarpment drain directly to the Delaware...the Catskill Formation. These members include sandstones, siltstones, and shales of the Towamensing Member; sandstone, siltstone and shale of the

  13. National Dam Inspection Program. Pinetree Lake Dam NDI ID number PA-00784, DER ID number 45-244. Delaware River Basin, Dry Sawmill Run. Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    Camelback Mountain , which is part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. The escarpment has a well-defined southwestward trend from Camelback Mountain , but is...irregular between Camelback Mountain and Mt. Pocono, which lies to the north. Streams east of the escarpment drain directly to the Delaware River...members of the Catskill Formation. These members include sandstones, siltstones, and shales of the Towamensing member; sandstone, siltstone and shale

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. Westcolang Lake Dam, NDI I.D. Number PA-00396 PennDER I.D. Number 52-4. Delaware River Basin. Westcolang Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-01

    over the Catskill Mountains and from the north over ’he Appalachian Plateau. The terminal moraine resulting from the southern most advance of the...Geology Map). The sedimentological changes observed in the Catskill Formation indicate that the rate of sedi- mentation exceeded the rate of basin

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. SCS Dam PA-452 (NDI-ID Number PA-00100) (DER-ID Number 64-177), Delaware River Basin, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    U.S.G.S. stream gage on Mill Creek at nearby Mountain - home, PA, the maximum inflow to PA-452 is estimated to be 141 cfs. The emergency spillway has...Member, Catskill Formation. Lithology: Predominantly fine- to medium-grained, gray sandstones, locally conglomeratic. Some interbeds of red siltstone and...material in the pitsiI was mostly till composed of sandy silt or silty sand with gravel and boulders. Aquifer Characteristics The rocks of the Catskill

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Locklin Pond Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00139, DER ID Number 64-31), Delaware River Basin, Lakeville Creek, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    Wayne County within the Appalachian Plateau Physiographic Province. The most pronounced topographic feature in the area is Camelback Mountain , which...is part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. The escarpment has a well-defined southwestward trend from Camelback Mountain , but is irregular between...Camelback Mountain and Mt. Pocono, which lies to the north. Streams east of the escarpment drain directly to the Delaware River, while those to the west

  17. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Florence Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA- 01092, PennDER I.D. Number 64-207), Delaware River Basin, Red Shale Brook, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    sand and some small boulders. The direction of the Wisconsin ice advance was from the northeast over the Catskill Mountains and from the north over the...probably of Upper Devonian age (see Geology Map). The sedimentological changes observed in the Catskill Formation *Upper Devonian Age) indicate that the

  18. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Greeley Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA- 00752, PennDER I.D. Number 52-20), Delaware River Basin, Taylortown Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    gravel than sand and some small boulders. The direction of the Wisconsin ice advance was from the northeast over the Catskill Mountains and from the north...observed in the Catskill Formation indicate that the rate of sedi- mentation exceeded the rate of basin subsidence resulting in a facies change from marine

  19. National Dam Inspection Program. Maple Lake Dam. Delaware River Basin, Stoffle-Denmark Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania (NDI ID Number PA-00766, DER ID Number 52-170). Pine Ridge Community Association. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    Mountain , which is a part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. The escarpment is well-defined southwestward from Camelback Mountain , but is more...irregular between Camelback Mountain and Mt. Pocono, which lies to the north. Streams east of the escarpment drain directly to the Delaware River, while those...Period. These units include siltstones of the Mahantango Formation, siltstones and shales of the Trimmers Rock, and seven mapped members of the Catskill

  20. National Dam Inspection Program. Brier Crest Woods Dam. Delaware River Basin, Tributary to Tunkhannock Creek, Monroe County, Pennsylvania (NDI ID Number PA-00879, DER ID Number 45-245), Brier Crest Woods, Inc. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    located in Monroe County within the Appalachian Plateau Province. The most pronounced topographic feature in the area is Camelback Mountain , which is a...part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. The escarpment has a well-defined southwestward trend from Camelback Mountain , but is more irregular between...units include siltstones of the Mahantango Formation, siltstones and shales of the Trimmers Rock Formation, and seven mapped members of the Catskill

  1. National Dam Inspection Program. Beaver Lake Lodge Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00300, PennDER I.D. Number 52-93), Delaware River Basin, Raymondskill Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    the northeast over the Catskill Mountains and from the north over the Appalachian Plateau. The terminal moraine resulting from the southern most advance...Devonian age (see Geology Map). The sedimentological changes observed in the Catskill Formation indicate that the rate of sedimentation exceeded the rate of

  2. National Dam Inspection Program. Bel-Air Lake Dam (NDI I.D. PA-0066, DER I.D. 058-116), Susquehanna River Basin, Tributary of Snake Creek, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    thickness from a few feet to approximately 200 feet. The glacial till is underlain by the Devonian Catskill Formation, which is approximately 1,800 feet...thick in this area. The Catskill Formation is continental in origin, consisting of red shale and cross-bedded red and green sandstone and siltstone. The...calcareone lenses: includes -red eabaes which Aerons more"numerous cAst word. Relation to type Dsews e not prared. Catskill Formation Chic/dy red do

  3. National Dam Inspection Program. North Lake Dam (NDI I.D. Number PA-00268, PennDER I.D. Number 52-180), Delaware River Basin, Branch of Hornbecks Creek, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    gravel than sand and some small boulders. The direction of the Wisconsin ice advance, was from the northeast over the Catskill Mountains and from the...observed in the Catskill Formation indicate that the rate of sedimentation exceeded the rate of basin subsidence resulting in a facies change from

  4. National Dam Inspection Program. Deer Lake Dam (NDI ID Number-PA-00698, DER ID Number-64-202), Delaware River Basin, Tributary to Lake Wallenpaupak, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    the area is Camelback Mountain , which is part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment. The escarpment has a well-defined, south westward trend from Camelback... Mountain , but it is irregular between Camelback Moutain and Mt. Pocono, which lies to the north. Streams east of the excarpment drain directly to the...Rock Formation, and seven mapped members of the Catskill Formation. These members include sandstones, siltstones, and shales of the Towamensing

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. Duck Harbor Pond Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00144, DER ID Number 64-54), Delaware River Basin, Little Equinunk Creek, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-05-01

    Appalachian Plateau Physiographic Province. The most pronounced topographic feature in the area is Camelback Mountain , which is part of the Pocono Plateau...Escarpment. The escarpment has a well-defined, southwestward trend from Camelback Mountain , but it is irregular between Camelback Mountain and Mt...include siltstones of the Mahantango Formation, siltstones and shales of the Trimmers Rock Formation, and seven mapped members of the Catskill Formation

  6. National Dam Inspection Program. Rocky Glen Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00369, DER ID Number 35-2), Susquehanna River Basin, Dry Valley Creek, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-01

    the Damascus formation of the Catskill group (oldest). The rim rocks, the Pottsville formation and Poconr sandstone, have dips that rarely exceed 100...rise in terrain is quite gradual and the crests of the high mountains are several miles from the Lackawanna River. Streams, such as Roaring Brook...Stafford Meadow Brook, and Spring Brook, have cut deep canyons through the mountains and follow a tortuou course to their confluence with the Lackawanna

  7. National Dam Inspection Program. Curtis Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00370 DER ID Number 35-17), Susquehanna River Basin, White Oak Run, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-04-01

    Mauch Chunk shale, Pocono sandstone, and Catskill continental group are encountered in turn. The tributary streams, in flowing down the mountains , have...shale, Pocono sandstone to the Damascus formation of the Catskill group (oldest). The rim rocks, the Pottsville formation and Pocono sandstone, have...of the Lackawanna River, the rise in terrain is quite gradual and the crests of the high mountains are several miles from the Lackawanna River

  8. National Dam Inspection Program. Bunnell’s Pond Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00170, DER ID Number 64-29), Delaware River Basin, Carley Brook, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-01

    Plateau Physiographic Province. The most pronounced topographic feature in the area is Camelback Mountain ; which is part of the Pocono Plateau Escarpment...The escarpment has a well-defined, southwestward trend from Camelback Mountain ; but it is irregular between Camelback Mountain and Mt. Pocono, which...siltstones of the Mahantango Formation, siltstones and shales of the Trimmers Rock Formation, and seven mapped members of the Catskill Formation. These

  9. National Dam Inspection Program. Crescent Lake Dam (NDI-ID Number PA-00413, DER-ID 52-142) Delaware River Basin, Pike County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    CRESPIT LAhE SUPAREA ISIAO ICOMP - IECUN ITAFL J’LT-- JPRT INAhE ISTAGE IAUTO. 8 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 HYDROGRAPH DAIA IHYOG IUHG TAREA SNAP TRSPA TrNSC RATIO...T A 1 CUMF, IECIN I I At-, JftT JPRT INAhE ISTtAGE IUO 10 1 1) 0 0 0 1 0 0 knUl1Nli 1,AIs DLOS CLOK-S AI., G IREq ISAIIt IOPT IFPF LSiN 0.0 0.000 0.00

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Doverspike Number 1 Dam (NDI ID PA-01131, DER ID 33-56). Ohio River Basin, Cherry Run, Jefferson County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-27

    DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY S BALTIMORE DISTRICT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS - BALTIMORE, MARYLAND 21203 A’’- 1 BY o ’ < -7" D’APPOLONIA CONSULTING ENGINEES ., • 10ODUFF...cc, ? s experienced professional engineer to conduct NT~ s additional detailed hydrologic and hydraulic DT’ . studies to determine the nature and...r,.nco I). Andersen P.E . - 0 _.1v.j.98 0 . .__V.-"___ N-YA.1 I Approved by:", -’xAi i, , I/\\ "-./ --¢+ S /; JAMItS W. PECK / .,’/ ’ & olonel, Corps

  11. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Jean Dam. (NDI I.D. Number PA-00570 PennDER I.D. Number 40-16) Susquehanna River Basin, Branch of Kitchen Creek, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    is formally inspected on an annual basis by state representatives of the PennDER, Division of Com - pleted Projects. Results of past inspections...ftfts dSA 5t- .l 7.dll -, -v * W6D6 S4~ J - ~ SI-, b%~MobUmeeftf. m =Ara~ .j WSJ ~j~7 fara’ - - A6 WsM .fSW cft =M1=1 -I-. 5Tf4M

  12. National Dam Inspection Program. Perch Pond Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00135, DER ID Number 64-23), Delaware River Basin, Branch of Shehawken Creek, Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    soil type. Some deposits of glacial outwash and Kame terraces are also found in the area. These deposits are composed of loose, poorly sorted to strati...fied deposits of silt, sand and gravel. The Kame and outwash deposits are generally very pervious. Other loose, pervious soils in the area are the

  13. National Dam Inspection Program. Acre Pond Dam (NDI ID Number PA-00973, DER ID Number 58-34), Susquehanna River Basin, Partners Creek, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    indicate at least 12 feet of overburden soil. Some deposits of glacial outwash and Kame terraces are also found in the area. These deposits are composed...of loose, poorly sorted to stratified deposits of silt, sand, and gravel. The Kame and outwash de- posits are generally very pervious. Other loose

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. Upper Pigeon Hill Dam. (NDI I.D. Number PA-00340, PennDER I.D. Number 67-5) Susquehanna River Basin, Gitts Run, York County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    the- clock surveillance of the facility during periods of un- usually heavy precipitation. b. Have the facility studied by a registered profes- sional...reduce its design discharge capacity and could possibly have an adverse effect on the embankment structure during periods of high discharge. 5.4 Method...should be provisions for around-the-clock surveillance of the facility during periods of unusually heavy precipitation. b. Have the facility studied

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Ashburton (NDI ID MD-108) Patapsco River Basin, Gwynns Run, Baltimore City, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    stream channelasiis Oeseerpps-in: Pegmatite injection complex. Armas in which the mapped pr Cretsreous toipographic louts rock formations include UP...to 5096a Pegmatite . identical to that described above, commonly as concordant masses a Thickness 2 to 35 in c7 tet 115 fto fewe meters thsck- in

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Polk Dam (NDI Number PA-00253, PennDER Number 61-7), Ohio River Basin, Piffer Run of Little Sandy Creek, Venango County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    measures to reduce the overtopping potential of the dam. 2) Fill the two depressions on the downstream slope of the dam and monitor these areas in future...structure should be repaired. It is recommended that the slope be partially cut back in this area so as to decrease or stop the sloughing and erosion. ii...slope should be removed and the excavated area regraded and compacted. In addition, the following operational measures are recommended to be

  17. National Dam Inspection Program. Star Junction Number 1 Dam (NDI Number PA-00198, PennDER Number 26-30) Ohio River Basin, Washington Run, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    end and erosion K of the training dike has occurred. g. Instrumentation : No instrumentation was observed during the inspection. h. Downstream...DATE: 19 MAR 80 RN TDZ: 10.30.40 NATIONAL PROGR FOR TEM INSPEC ION OF NON-FEERAL DM HXDROLOMC AND MRAILIC ANALISIS OF STAR JUNCTION NamR 1 DAm PROBABLE

  18. National Dam Inspection Program. Warner Dam (NDI Number PA 00975, PennDER Number 58-71), Susquehanna River Basin, Tributary of Snake Creek, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    the state, into the Marine Beds, the Catskill Formation and the Oswayo Formation. The rocks underlying the dam most likely belong to the Catskill Forma...tion. This formation is composed chiefly of red to brownish shales and sandstones, including gray and greenish sandstone tongues named Elk Mountain

  19. National Dam Inspection Program. Fishpond Dam (NDS ID Number PA-899, DER ID Number 19-81), Susquehanna River Basin, Unnamed Tributary to Roaring Creek, Columbia County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    lies within the Appalachian Mountain Section of the Valley and Ridge Physiographic Province. This area is characterized by overturned and assymetric...the dam. The bedrock underlying the dam consists of the Devonian aged Catskill formation. This is a complex unit consisting of sandstones, siltstones

  20. National Dam Inspection Program. Upper Dam (NDI Number PA-00445, PennDER Number 14-25), Susquehanna River Basin, Cold Stream, Centre County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    valve control is located upstream of the embank- ment centerline, in the gate house. W !Jli -17 ! (3) Water SUpply Pipeline : The water supply pipeline ...Damn is owned by the Keystone Water Company. Correspondence should be addressed to: Keystone Water Company Moshannon District 323 North Front Street...the principal spill- way. A water supply pipeline through the dam provides water and pressure head for the Philipsburg water supply system. The

  1. National Dam Inspection Program. Greenville Dam Number 3 (NDI Number PA 01081 PENN DER Number 431) Ohio River Basin. Little Shenango River, Mercer County, Pennsylvania. Greenville Municipal Authority. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-01

    fractured shale bedrock and under, or around, the cutoff trench. In 1928, 2 feet thick concrete cutoff walls were constructed at both upstream abutment...of the right ab;tent, the seeps are assumed to originate from the fractured shale rock, and are not considered to rppresent a siqnficant hdzard to the...Location c. Records MAXIMUM NON-DAMAGING DISCHARGE Est, 1177 cfs (existing conditions) 0-3 HEC-1-DAM SAFETY VERSION HYDROLOGY AND HYDAULIC ANALYSIS DATA

  2. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Timberline Dam (NDI Number PA 00977, PennDER Number 58-125), Susquehanna River Basin, Tributary of Choconut Creek, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    group has been subdivided in other sections of the state into the Marine Beds, the Catskill Formation, and the Oswayo Formation. The rocks underlying...the dam are most likely of the Catskill Formation. This formadion is composed chiefly of red to brownish shales and sandstones; including gray and...greenish sandstone tongues named Elk Mountain , Honesdale, Shohola, and Delaware River in the east. II WUNTY 401 Chocfjný ory Gro" no’ok " it Lanes dot

  3. National Dam Inspection Program. Croops Dam (NDS I.D. Number PA 01063, DER I.D. Number 40-227), Susequehanna River Basin, Tributary to Hunlock Creek, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    8217-4 z 0 0 E40 wU APPENDIX * D Sheet 1 of 10 CHECK LIST HYDROLOGIC AND HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING DATA Small, mountainous , 80% zwooded, very little...401VA31 I N 0 -z .* 4 -~, - /z zz I N ] I APPENDIX F SITE GEOLOGY CROOPS DAM Croops Dam is located in the Appalachian Mountain Section of the Valley and...Ridge Physiographic Province. As shown in Plate F-i, the dam is constructed upon the Catskill Formation of Upper Devonian age, consisting of red to tan

  4. National Dam Inspection Program. Mosquito Run Dam (NDI Number PA01012, PennDER Number 41-2), Susquehanna River Basin, Mosquito Creek, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    operational measures are recommended to be undertaken by the owner: 1) Develop a detailed emergency operation and warning system. 2) During periods of unusually...system. 2) During periods of unusually heavy rainfai!, provide around-the-clock surveillance of the dam. 3) When warning of a storm of major...Approximately Four Miles Pho Soo Legend, Next Pav -Ar AL GEOLOGY MAP LEGEND SILURIAN Tunu’t-owiiy "I"l~ l L . Wills C~reetk F~ormation - h.1, , S’d A

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Pinecrest Dam (NDS ID Number PA-641, DER ID Number 40-200). Lake Pinecrest Sportmans Club. Susquehanna River Basin, Tributary to Huntington Creek, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    periodically . The upstream slope of the dam ranges from IH:1V to 5H:IV. The downstream slope 1.7511:1V and is grass covered. Several small animal burrows and...at the time of inspection. A roadway exists across the embankment crest which is oiled periodically . Brush and small trees which had been growing on...and dam are of the Devonian aged Susquehanna Group. This is a complex unit of conglomerate, sandstone and shale. The usually well developed bedding

  6. National Dam Inspection Program. Flat Rock Dam (NDS I.D. Number PA 00896, DER I.D. Number 51-1), Delaware River Basin, Schuylkill River, Montgomery and Philadelphia Counties, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    engineering characteristics of the dam include the Water Resources Bulletin, Bulletin No. 4, "Water Resources Survey, The Schuylkill River , Pennsylvania...2.8 12.5 iii,,1.0 .0 12 .0*2 1111 L A, 1 .2 1 1 MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART 10AIIONA1 0111I AAil 0 IANDAR[1, 101,3 A DELAWARE RIVER BA(IN SNOYLKILL... RIVER UIUTllUERY AND PUILADELPEIA eoNuTIES PENNSYLVANIA lOS I PA. 06816 DER IB 51-1 . t0 II PHASE I INSPECTION REPORT I NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION

  7. National Dam Inspection Program. Lower Dam (NDS I.D. Number PA-697, DER I.D. Number 54-57) Delaware River Basin, Silfis run Schuylkill County, Orwigsburg Water Authority. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    K’ 9 E-1I’~ CONSULTING ENGINEERS & ARCHITECTS1 APPENDIX F GEOLOGY General Geology Lower Dam lies within the Appalachian Mountain Section of the... Catskill formation. This is a complex unit consisting of sandstones, siltstones, shales, and conglomerates. The usually well developed beds range in

  8. Cell-type-specific profiling of protein-DNA interactions without cell isolation using targeted DamID with next-generation sequencing.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Owen J; Southall, Tony D; Cheetham, Seth W; Brand, Andrea H

    2016-09-01

    This protocol is an extension to: Nat. Protoc. 2, 1467-1478 (2007); doi:10.1038/nprot.2007.148; published online 7 June 2007The ability to profile transcription and chromatin binding in a cell-type-specific manner is a powerful aid to understanding cell-fate specification and cellular function in multicellular organisms. We recently developed targeted DamID (TaDa) to enable genome-wide, cell-type-specific profiling of DNA- and chromatin-binding proteins in vivo without cell isolation. As a protocol extension, this article describes substantial modifications to an existing protocol, and it offers additional applications. TaDa builds upon DamID, a technique for detecting genome-wide DNA-binding profiles of proteins, by coupling it with the GAL4 system in Drosophila to enable both temporal and spatial resolution. TaDa ensures that Dam-fusion proteins are expressed at very low levels, thus avoiding toxicity and potential artifacts from overexpression. The modifications to the core DamID technique presented here also increase the speed of sample processing and throughput, and adapt the method to next-generation sequencing technology. TaDa is robust, reproducible and highly sensitive. Compared with other methods for cell-type-specific profiling, the technique requires no cell-sorting, cross-linking or antisera, and binding profiles can be generated from as few as 10,000 total induced cells. By profiling the genome-wide binding of RNA polymerase II (Pol II), TaDa can also identify transcribed genes in a cell-type-specific manner. Here we describe a detailed protocol for carrying out TaDa experiments and preparing the material for next-generation sequencing. Although we developed TaDa in Drosophila, it should be easily adapted to other organisms with an inducible expression system. Once transgenic animals are obtained, the entire experimental procedure-from collecting tissue samples to generating sequencing libraries-can be accomplished within 5 d.

  9. National Dam Safety Program. Waterloo Dam (I.D. Number NY 709), Oswego River Basin, Seneca County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-30

    RPORT NUMBR TACCESSIONNO 3. RE CATALOG NUMBER 4TITLE .uBfKl#e) S. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED Phase- ?nventory Report Phase I Inspection Report...Erie-Ontario plains physiographic province of New York State. The rock in this area includes limestone, dolomite and shale from the Devonian era. A...does indicate that there is a major unconformity between Devonian and Silurian rock formations in the vicinity of the dam. The surficial soils are

  10. National Dam Inspection Program, Spring Mill Dam (NDS I.D. Number PA 00785 DER I.D. Number 39-1), Delaware River Basin, Spring Creek, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    include a method of warning water treatment plant personnel if high flows are expected and provisions for evacuating these people in the event of an...21.5 feet below the spillway crest, which admit water into the chamber from which the flow is carried through a 16 inch main to the water treatment plant downstream...34 hazard classification is assigned consistent with the dam’s location above a water treatment plant and the potential to cause economic loss and possible

  11. National Dam Inspection Program. Hopewell Dam (NDS I.D. Number PA 00724, DER I.D. Number 6-401), Delaware River Basin, Scotts Run, Berks County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    and possible loss of life in the event of failure, a formal procedure of observation and warning during periods of high precipitation should be... periodically . Visual inspection indicated two small holes in the mortar of the small stones of the ogee section between the notch and the left spillway...surveillance of the dam during periods of high rainfall runoff. It is also noted that the manual contains factual errors relative to the physical

  12. National Dam Safety Program. Lake Monocan Dam (ID VA-12502), James River Basin, Allen Creek. Nelson County, Virginia. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    abutment. The broad - crested weir crest , at elevation ’Measured from the streambed at the downstream toe to the embankment crest .2All elevations are...LAKE MONOCAN DAM 7 677.0 feet M.S.L., is 38.4 feet long. Vertical steel reinforcing bars embedded in the crest of the weir act as a trash rack. The...elevation of 677.0 feet M.S.L. by means of the weir crest of the side channel principal spillway. During periods of heavy inflow, the excess water is

  13. National Dam Inspection Program. Broadford Run Dam. Little Youghiogheny River Site Number 6. (NDI I.D. Number MD-361) Ohio River Basin. Broadford Run. Garrett County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-01

    and fluctuation in flow due to reservoir pool levels or ground water conditions. c) Quality of seepage (amount of eroded fines contained in seepage...Plate No. 5 and Regional Geology, Appendix F.) 2) Seepage Drain System. Embankment seepage water is collected by filter trench drains and diverted out...outlet pipe is approximately 192 ft. long and is connected to the base of the principal spillway riser. Water entering the principal spillway flows

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. Upper Rock Creek Watershed Site Number 1 Potomac River Basin (Lake Bernard Frank) Montgomery County, Maryland (NDI-Number-MD-0050) Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-08-01

    NAME OF DAM: Upper Rock Creek Watershed Site #1 (Lake Bernard Frank) STATE: Maryland COUNI: Montgomery STREAM: Upper Rock Creek DATE OF INSPECTION...the condition of the dam-at Upper Rock Creek Site #1 (Lake Bernard Frank) Is assessed to be good. This dam is an intermediate size class I structure...F - Geology Report Pv *1i 5 i PHASE I INSPECTION REPORT NATIONAL DAM INSPECTION PROGRAM UPPER ROCK CREEK UATERSHED SITE :1 (LAKE BERNARD FRANK) NOI

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. Lake Louise Dam (NDS ID Number PA-558, DER ID Number 40-134), Susquehanna River Basin, Suttons Creek, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    0 .. 0 I-IV 0 0 41 0 * v-4 1-4 V- 2 * .~蚌M A-1. z z - 141 .00 .4 .4 NI ~a3 ~a m m w II A- 2 - I I U 4- 41 41...1.4. 00 1.id I.I @1a .a 1-4 40 0 P44 1. o 00 I. PAU Z004 cna B-10 100 -4e 0 o 00 ac 03 0 - ad 0a1. 6 a !9l ol9 B- 2 z ad W U3 CA W I~Id 000 04 -3 I Ron...12 Ii a bg W: z 40a 9 ! I I J2 .L 2 .- 1P 00 I W A a 0 , Il CI -- - ;I

  16. National Dam Inspection Program. Silt Pond B, (NDI Number PA 00824 PENN DER Number 63-77) Ohio River Basin, Pigeon Creek, Washington County, Pennsylvania. United States Steel Corporation, Raw Materials Division. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-01

    Classification: Silt Pond B is classified as a "high" hazard dam. In the event of a dam failure , at least seven inhabited dwellings could be subjected to...emergency pro- cedure to alert or evacuate downstream residents upon threat of a dam failure . 4.5 EVALUATION The maintenance program should be continued...i 4-4 4-) 4-.) .1 -4 C3C -4 0OC 0L b3 L. >- LC o L 0) 4)-) 4. C -)Q)V 10 cO C 30 &.CV0 .- ) a 0.,I ) .0 L u C.-li CL .4L0 &.( tO a) 0 C) 0. mLcC 4z3

  17. National Dam Inspection Program. Stanford Avenue Stormwater Retention Pond (NDI Number PA-01146, DER Number 6-467), Delaware River Basin, Tributary to Wyomissing Creek, Berks County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    refusal and six borings were drilled 10 feet into rock. Laboratory testinq included phvsical properties and compaction tests. Borrow materials from...be given to installing a trash rack at the low level outlet in the event that the fence should fail during a large storm oermitting large debris to...DAM STABILITY SEEPAGE STUDIES MATERIALS INVESTIGATIONS BORING RECORDS LABORATORY Complete records are located in FIELD the Township Engineer’s files

  18. National Dam Inspection Program. Little Youghiogheny River Site Number 2. (NDI I.D. Number MD-33) Ohio River Basin. Cherry Glade Run, Garrett County Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-01

    structure is constructed with a reinforced concrete slab for anti- vortex protection. Steel crosspieces serve as trash racks for the riser crest openings...measuring 0.5 ft. high by 2.0 ft. wide, is located at normal pool level (El. 2,465.6) and is protected by a steel trash rack cage. Two (2) high stage riser...surfaces. High stage trash racks were free of debris and flow obstructions. However, the low stage trash rack and orifice opening are partially obstructed

  19. National Dam Safety Program. Wappingers Falls Dam (I.D. Number N.Y. 3, D.E.C. 613A), Hudson River Basin, Dutchess County, New York. Phase 1 Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-30

    existing dams that come within the provisions of the Law. Permits are required for the construccion , repair or reconstruction of dams in accordance...meet with you. V ye r-niy rs/ JS:r AMES $PRAWFT, PE., cc: J. DePaola, Director of Civil Defense ommissioner cc: E. Schueler, County Executive cc: R

  20. National Dam Inspection Program. SCS PA 477 (NDS I.D. Number PA 00720, DER I.D. Number 6-457), Delaware River Basin, Tributary of Mill Creek. Berks County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    condition of the dam, the only recommendations made beyond routine maintenance of the dam are: 1. The multiflora rose should be removed from the...drainage swale between the embankment and the highway to prevent the spread of the multiflora rose to the embankment. ii " ’-1 I’P" " " """ z i,’i .. K ’li...worn through the embankment cover, as shown in Photograph No. 8, Appendix C, but no significant erosion has resulted. Multiflora rose is starting to

  1. National Dam Safety Program. South River Number 26 (ID Number VA-01501), Potomac River Basin, Inch Branch. Augusta County, Virginia. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    complete geologic report was not provided. There were no rock outcrops in the vicinity of the dam; however, the bedrock in this area is of Cambrian age...the as-built plans. The dam is located in the Blue Ridge geologic region of Virginia. The predominant deposit in the area is the Cambrian Age Harpers...34Technical Paper No. 40, Rainfall Frequency Atlas of the United States for Dura- tions from 30 Minutes to 24 Hours and Return Periods from 1 to 100 Years

  2. Manprint Handbook for Nondevelopmental Item (NDI) Acquisition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-01

    Nondevelopmental Item, . _• Training.. ,.System Safety. . 117 Manpower’ NDI %. Personnel :b Human Factors). .% Health Hazards, 16, PRICE CODE 17. SECURITY...in terms of manpower, personnel, training, safety, health hazards, and human factors) support the Army’s requirements and iii ANC-P 602-2 constraints...Appendices vii 3.3. 6 Health Hazards List of FiguZes vii List of EXa8•Ve&1 3.4 WWU N Domain Interdependence 3-5 CHAPTE 1 - INTRODUCTION 1-1 to 1-4 3.5

  3. 20. HORSESHOE DAM LOOKING EAST WITH UPPER END DEMOLISHED FOR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. HORSESHOE DAM LOOKING EAST WITH UPPER END DEMOLISHED FOR NEW SPILLWAY (negative reversed) - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

  4. 7. ISLAND PLANT AND HORSESHOE DAM FROM WEST BANK (negative ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. ISLAND PLANT AND HORSESHOE DAM FROM WEST BANK (negative reversed) - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

  5. 5. VIEW SHOWING THE DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF SWAN FALLS DAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. VIEW SHOWING THE DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF SWAN FALLS DAM AND POWER HOUSE, LOOKING UPSTREAM TO SOUTH FROM THE A MOUND OF DEBRIS ABOUT THIRTY TO FORTY FEET ABOVE THE RIVER - Swan Falls Dam, Snake River, Kuna, Ada County, ID

  6. 22. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN DISTANCE; LOOKING EAST. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

  7. 23. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN DISTANCE; LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

  8. 1. SNAKE RIVER VALLEY IRRIGATION DISTRICT DAM, VIEW OF NORTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. SNAKE RIVER VALLEY IRRIGATION DISTRICT DAM, VIEW OF NORTH ELEVATION OF INTAKE ON EAST SIDE OF DAM - Snake River Valley Irrigation District, East Side of Snake River (River Mile 796), Shelley, Bingham County, ID

  9. 32. AERIAL VIEW OF BOISE DIVERSION DAM. VIEW TO NORTH. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    32. AERIAL VIEW OF BOISE DIVERSION DAM. VIEW TO NORTH. Photocopy of photograph by Glade Walker, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Pacific Northwest Region, May 1981. - Boise Project, Boise River Diversion Dam, Across Boise River, Boise, Ada County, ID

  10. INTAKE AND DAM #3; FACING NORTHEAST Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTAKE AND DAM #3; FACING NORTHEAST - Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project, Reservoir and Dam Complex, North Bank of Snake River, extreme Eastern end of the Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project, Tipperary Corner, Jerome County, ID

  11. OVERVIEW OF FALLS AND DAM COMPLEX, SPILLWAY AT RIGHT; FACING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    OVERVIEW OF FALLS AND DAM COMPLEX, SPILLWAY AT RIGHT; FACING EAST-NORTHEAST - Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project, Reservoir and Dam Complex, North Bank of Snake River, extreme Eastern end of the Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project, Tipperary Corner, Jerome County, ID

  12. OVERVIEW OF DAM COMPLEX FROM SPILLWAY TO INTAKE; FACING WESTNORTHWEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    OVERVIEW OF DAM COMPLEX FROM SPILLWAY TO INTAKE; FACING WEST-NORTHWEST - Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project, Reservoir and Dam Complex, North Bank of Snake River, extreme Eastern end of the Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project, Tipperary Corner, Jerome County, ID

  13. INTAKE, DAMS #1, #2, AND #3, AND FOOTBRIDGE; FACING NORTHNORTHEAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTAKE, DAMS #1, #2, AND #3, AND FOOTBRIDGE; FACING NORTH-NORTHEAST - Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project, Intake, North Bank of Snake River, immediately West/Northwest of the Shoshone Falls Hydroelectric Project Dam No. 1, Tipperary Corner, Jerome County, ID

  14. Aging aircraft NDI Development and Demonstration Center (AANC): An overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walter, Patrick L.

    1992-07-01

    A major center with emphasis on validation of nondestructive inspection (NDI) techniques for aging aircraft, the Aging Aircraft NDI Development and Demonstration Center (AANC), has been funded by the FAA at Sandia National Laboratories. The Center has been assigned specific tasks in developing techniques for the nondestructive inspection of static engine parts, assessing inspection reliability (POD experiments), developing testbeds for NDI validation, maintaining a FAA library of characterized aircraft structural test specimens, and leasing a hangar to house a high flight cycle transport aircraft for use as a full scale test bed.

  15. National Dam Safety Program. Middle Fork Slurry Impoundment (ID No. VA-16708), Tennessee River Basin, Middle Fork of Dumps Creek, Russell County, Virginia. Phase I inspection report. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, R.E.

    1980-03-01

    The purpose of a Phase I investigation is to identify expeditiously those dams which may pose hazards to human life or property. The assessment of the general conditions of the dam is based upon available data and visual inspections. Detailed investigations and analyses involving topographic mapping, subsurface investigations, testing, and detailed computational evaluations are beyond the scope of Phase I investigation; however, the investigation is intended to identify any need for such studies. Based upon the field conditions at the time of the field inspection and all available engineering data, the Phase I report addresses the hydraulic, hydrologic, geologic, geotechnic, and structural aspects of the dam. The engineering techniques employed give a reasonably accurate assessment of the conditions of the dam. It should be realized that certain engineering aspects cannot be fully analyzed during a Phase I inspection. Assessment and remedial measures in the report include the requirement of additional indepth study when necessary. Phase I reports include project information of the dam and appurtenances, all existing engineering data, operational procedures, hydraulic/hydrologic data of the watershed, dam stability, visual inspection report and an assessment including required remedial measures.

  16. Recent and Future Enhancements in NDI for Aircraft Structures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-30

    AFRL-RX-WP-JA-2016-0028 RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) Eric A. Lindgren, John Brausch, and...October 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In-House 5b...unlimited. 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Article published in 7th International Symposium on NDT in Aerospace – Mo.1.A.1. The U.S. Government is joint

  17. Recent and Future Enhancements in NDI for Aircraft Structures (POSTPRINT)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    AFRL-RX-WP-JA-2016-0028 RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) Eric A. Lindgren, John Brausch, and...October 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In-House 5b...unlimited. 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Article published in 7th International Symposium on NDT in Aerospace – Mo.1.A.1. The U.S. Government is joint

  18. RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-16

    AFRL-RX-WP-JA-2016-0028 RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) Eric A. Lindgren, John Brausch, and...October 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In-House 5b...unlimited. 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Article published in 7th International Symposium on NDT in Aerospace – Mo.1.A.1. The U.S. Government is joint

  19. Recent and Future Enhancements in NDI for Aircraft Structures (POSTPRINT)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-16

    AFRL-RX-WP-JA-2016-0028 RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) Eric A. Lindgren, John Brausch, and...October 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In-House 5b...unlimited. 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Article published in 7th International Symposium on NDT in Aerospace – Mo.1.A.1. The U.S. Government is joint

  20. NDI using mm-wave resonant techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Martens, J.S.; Sachtjen, S.; Sorensen, N.R.

    1995-08-01

    Millimeter wave resonant measurements are commonly used for surface and near-surface materials characterization including the detection of cracks and defects, analysis of semiconducting and dielectric materials, and analysis of metallic electrical properties beneath coatings. Recent work has also shown the approach to be useful in evaluating corrosion products and the detection of incipient corrosion and corrosion cracking. In the analysis area, complex permittivity data of the corrosion products can be extracted, usually with accuracy of a few percent or better, to aid in identification of the product and possibly of mechanisms. In the detection area, corrosion-related cracks of order 100{mu}m or less near the surface have been detected and corrosion products have been detected beneath a variety of paints. Surface preparation requirements are minimal, particularly compared to some optical techniques, giving increased hope of field applicability. A number of examples of NDI on aircraft related materials and structures will be presented along with an assessment of detection and accuracy limits.

  1. 54. Photocopy of a photograph1921 PANORAMA OF 1913 DAM FROM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    54. Photocopy of a photograph--1921 PANORAMA OF 1913 DAM FROM ISLAND POWER PLANT - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

  2. 4. Photocopy of a photographWATER SPILLING OVER DAM FROM ISLAND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Photocopy of a photograph--WATER SPILLING OVER DAM FROM ISLAND PLANT - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

  3. 55. Photocopy of a photograph1921 PANORAMA OF 1913 DAM LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    55. Photocopy of a photograph--1921 PANORAMA OF 1913 DAM LOOKING EAST - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

  4. 106. DAM EARTH DIKE SUBMERSIBLE DAMS & DIKE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    106. DAM - EARTH DIKE - SUBMERSIBLE DAMS & DIKE CONN. AT MOVABLE DAM (ML-8-52/2-FS) March 1940 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  5. Accuracy of the NDI Wave Speech Research System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Jeffrey J.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This work provides a quantitative assessment of the positional tracking accuracy of the NDI Wave Speech Research System. Method: Three experiments were completed: (a) static rigid-body tracking across different locations in the electromagnetic field volume, (b) dynamic rigid-body tracking across different locations within the…

  6. Recent and Future Enhancements in NDI for Aircraft Structures (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    characterization, plus initial testing of materials, components, and assemblies . Analysis includes ensuring design meets requirements. NDI capability for...penetrant, into sections where capability is determine by geometry. Typical aircraft geometry includes raised head fasteners , edges, radii, and flat or open...areas, such as those found close to flush head fasteners . The initial publication in 2008 indicated the originally assumed capability for some

  7. Accuracy of the NDI Wave Speech Research System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Jeffrey J.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This work provides a quantitative assessment of the positional tracking accuracy of the NDI Wave Speech Research System. Method: Three experiments were completed: (a) static rigid-body tracking across different locations in the electromagnetic field volume, (b) dynamic rigid-body tracking across different locations within the…

  8. RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-10

    This capability was documented in the publication EN- SB -08-012, “Nondestructive Inspection Capability Guidelines for United States Air Force...unlimited. 8 POD curve for the inspections is an input to risk calculations. Detected fatigue cracks require remediation to ensure safety of aircraft is...www.dtic.mil. [6] EZ- SB -15-002, “Requirements for NDI Procedure Development, Validation and Verification for Aircraft Structural Inspection During

  9. Recent and Future Enhancements in NDI for Aircraft Structures (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    This capability was documented in the publication EN- SB -08-012, “Nondestructive Inspection Capability Guidelines for United States Air Force...unlimited. 8 POD curve for the inspections is an input to risk calculations. Detected fatigue cracks require remediation to ensure safety of aircraft is...www.dtic.mil. [6] EZ- SB -15-002, “Requirements for NDI Procedure Development, Validation and Verification for Aircraft Structural Inspection During

  10. Recent and Future Enhancements in NDI for Aircraft Structures (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-30

    Integrity Program (ASIP) was established in November 1958 in response to in-flight structural failures. Additional failures in the late 1960’s, far...Orders which established inspection and maintenance requirements to maintain structural integrity and to control risk to an acceptable level...Therefore, the execution of effective nondestructive inspection (NDI) is essential to maintain the structural integrity of USAF aircraft and clear guidance

  11. Recent and Future Enhancement in NDI for Aircraft Structures (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    Integrity Program (ASIP) was established in November 1958 in response to in-flight structural failures. Additional failures in the late 1960’s, far...Orders which established inspection and maintenance requirements to maintain structural integrity and to control risk to an acceptable level...Therefore, the execution of effective nondestructive inspection (NDI) is essential to maintain the structural integrity of USAF aircraft and clear guidance

  12. RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES POSTPRINT

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-10

    Charles Buynak Air Force Research Laboratory Charles Babish Air Force Life Cycle Management Center NOVEMBER 2015 Interim Report...FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YY) 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) November 2015 Interim 03 March 2014 – 31...October 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE RECENT AND FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS IN NDI FOR AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES (POSTPRINT) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In-House 5b

  13. 107. DAM EARTH DIKE SUBMERSIBLE DAMS PLANS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    107. DAM - EARTH DIKE - SUBMERSIBLE DAMS - PLANS & SECTIONS (ML-8-52/3-FS) March 1940 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  14. 3. CREST OF THE SOUTH CHANNEL DAM, SHOWING BLOCK HOUSE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. CREST OF THE SOUTH CHANNEL DAM, SHOWING BLOCK HOUSE (NOT ORIGINAL) COVERING THE ELECTRICALLY POWERED GATE-LIFTING MECHANISM THAT REPLACED THE ORIGINAL HAND-OPERATED LIFTING DEVICE, LOOKING NORTH. - Washington Water Power Company Post Falls Power Plant, South Channel Dam, West of intersection of Spokane & Fourth Streets, Post Falls, Kootenai County, ID

  15. 1. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF THE NORTH CHANNEL DAM FROM PUBLICLY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF THE NORTH CHANNEL DAM FROM PUBLICLY RESTRICTED PROPERTY OF THE RECENTLY CLOSED LOUISIANA PACIFIC LUMBER MILL. THE NORTH CHANNEL DAM'S HOLDING RESERVOIR AND TAINTER GATES ARE IN THE FOREGROUND, AND THE ROLLING SECTOR GATE IS IN THE BACKGROUND, LOOKING EAST. - Washington Water Power Company Post Falls Power Plant, North Channel Dam, West of intersection of Spokane & Fourth Streets, Post Falls, Kootenai County, ID

  16. Roles of bound quinone in the single subunit NADH-quinone oxidoreductase (Ndi1) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    PubMed

    Yamashita, Tetsuo; Nakamaru-Ogiso, Eiko; Miyoshi, Hideto; Matsuno-Yagi, Akemi; Yagi, Takao

    2007-03-02

    To understand the biochemical basis for the function of the rotenone-insensitive internal NADH-quinone (Q) oxidoreductase (Ndi1), we have overexpressed mature Ndi1 in Escherichia coli membranes. The Ndi1 purified from the membranes contained one FAD and showed enzymatic activities comparable with the original Ndi1 isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. When extracted with Triton X-100, the isolated Ndi1 did not contain Q. The Q-bound form was easily reconstituted by incubation of the Q-free Ndi1 enzyme with ubiquinone-6. We compared the properties of Q-bound Ndi1 enzyme with those of Q-free Ndi1 enzyme, with higher activity found in the Q-bound enzyme. Although both are inhibited by low concentrations of AC0-11 (IC(50) = 0.2 microm), the inhibitory mode of AC0-11 on Q-bound Ndi1 was distinct from that of Q-free Ndi1. The bound Q was slowly released from Ndi1 by treatment with NADH or dithionite under anaerobic conditions. This release of Q was prevented when Ndi1 was kept in the reduced state by NADH. When Ndi1 was incorporated into bovine heart submitochondrial particles, the Q-bound form, but not the Q-free form, established the NADH-linked respiratory activity, which was insensitive to piericidin A but inhibited by KCN. Furthermore, Ndi1 produces H(2)O(2) as isolated regardless of the presence of bound Q, and this H(2)O(2) was eliminated when the Q-bound Ndi1, but not the Q-free Ndi1, was incorporated into submitochondrial particles. The data suggest that Ndi1 bears at least two distinct Q sites: one for bound Q and the other for catalytic Q.

  17. Aging Aircraft NDI Development and Demonstration Center (AANC): An overview

    SciTech Connect

    Walter, P.L.

    1991-01-01

    A major center with emphasis on validation of nondestructive inspection techniques for aging aircraft, the Aging Aircraft NDI Development and Demonstration Center (AANC), has been funded by the FAA at Sandia National Laboratories. The Center has been assigned specific tasks in developing techniques for the nondestructive inspection of static engine parts, assessing inspection reliability (POD experiments), developing test beds for nondestructive inspection validation, maintaining a FAA library of characterized aircraft structural test specimens, and leasing a hangar to house a high flight cycle transport aircraft for use as a full scale test bed. 3 refs.

  18. National Program of Inspection of Non-Federal Dams, Tennessee. (Inventory Number TN 11101), Cumberland River Basin, Jennings Creek Watershed Dam Number 16 near North Springs, Macon County, Tennessee. Phase I Investigation Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    List Visual Inspection of Earth Dams Department of Conservation Division of Water Resources Name of Dan Jennings Creek Watershed Dam # 16 County Macon...Date of Inspection January 8, 1981 ID # - State 56-7001 Federal TN11101 Type of Dam Earth Hazard Category-Federal High State Weather -Partly cloudy...Storage Volume 359 acre-feet (Normal Pool to Dam Crest) G. Surface Area at Dam Crest 23.4 acres Emergency Spillway: A. Type Saddle, trapezoidal, earth , rock

  19. Bulletins examine dam issues

    SciTech Connect

    Ervine, A.

    1994-12-31

    This month`s Tech Notes includes discussions of bulletins on upstream slope protection of embankment dams, dams and environmental geophysical impacts, rock materials for rockfill dams, and a scathing review of various hydro efforts accross the world.

  20. Not Another ID Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Stephanie; Conn, Cynthia; Lohr, Linda; Hunt, Erin; Duffy, Annmari

    2003-01-01

    Presents a meta-model of instructional design (ID) that integrates content covered in instructional technology graduate programs and explores the impact of an instructional designer's perspective on designs. Discusses the theoretical background; instructional strategies; educational philosophies; paradigm shifts; behaviorist, constructivist, and…

  1. Aging aircraft NDI Development and Demonstration Center (AANC): An overview. [nondestructive inspection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walter, Patrick L.

    1992-01-01

    A major center with emphasis on validation of nondestructive inspection (NDI) techniques for aging aircraft, the Aging Aircraft NDI Development and Demonstration Center (AANC), has been funded by the FAA at Sandia National Laboratories. The Center has been assigned specific tasks in developing techniques for the nondestructive inspection of static engine parts, assessing inspection reliability (POD experiments), developing testbeds for NDI validation, maintaining a FAA library of characterized aircraft structural test specimens, and leasing a hangar to house a high flight cycle transport aircraft for use as a full scale test bed.

  2. Dam safety: Morris Sheppard Dam rehabilitation

    SciTech Connect

    Garland, J.D.; Waters, R.H.; Focht, J.A. Jr.

    1995-12-31

    Morris Sheppard Dam is one of the world`s largest flat slab buttress dams. It is located on the Brazos River about 96 km (60 miles) west of Dallas - Fort Worth. Designed by Ambursen Dam Company, the dam was constructed between 1938 and 1941 at a cost of $8.7 million. In 1987, a maximum buttress movement of 114 mm (4.5 inches) was discovered. The dam was successfully rehabilitated between 1987 and 1994 at a cost of $36 million. This paper will describe: (1) the dam`s construction and operational history, (2) the lowering of the reservoir by 3.94 m (13 feet) as an emergency response when the movement was discovered, (3) the initial stabilization of the dam by the addition of relief wells and grouting, (4) the final stabilization using ballast to increase the weight of the dam, (5) the use of actual dam performance as a full-scale, long-term, load test to back-calculate realistic strength parameters, (6) the multiple sets of design stability criteria used to analyze the structure, and (7) the use of model studies to enlarge the dam`s stilling basin and design an emergency spillway to handle the PMF.

  3. Increased longevity mediated by yeast NDI1 expression in Drosophila intestinal stem and progenitor cells

    PubMed Central

    Hur, Jae H.; Bahadorani, Sepehr; Graniel, Jacqueline; Koehler, Christopher L.; Ulgherait, Matthew; Rera, Michael; Jones, D. Leanne; Walker, David W.

    2013-01-01

    A functional decline in tissue stem cells and mitochondrial dysfunction have each been linked to aging and multiple aging-associated pathologies. However, the interplay between energy homeostasis, stem cells, and organismal aging remains poorly understood. Here, we report that expression of the single-subunit yeast alternative NADH dehydrogenase, ndi1, in Drosophila intestinal stem and progenitor cells delays the onset of multiple markers of intestinal aging and extends lifespan. In addition, expression of ndi1 in the intestine increases feeding behavior and results in organismal weight gain. Consistent with increased nutrient uptake, flies expressing ndi1 in the digestive tract display a systemic reduction in the activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a key cellular energy sensor. Together, these results demonstrate that ndi1 expression in the intestinal epithelium is an effective strategy to delay tissue and organismal aging. PMID:24038661

  4. Validity and reliability of a German version of the Neck Disability Index (NDI-G).

    PubMed

    Swanenburg, Jaap; Humphreys, Kim; Langenfeld, Anke; Brunner, Florian; Wirth, Brigitte

    2014-02-01

    The Neck Disability Index (NDI) is a widely used questionnaire in the assessment of disability of neck patients. The aim of this study was to translate the NDI according to established guidelines into German (NDI-G) and to test the psychometric properties. Patients with acute (ACU) and chronic neck pain (CHR) and a healthy control group (HCG) completed the NDI-G twice with a mean test-retest interval of 3 days. The total score of NDI-G showed high reliability (Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC2,1) = 0.92) and a high Cronbach's alpha (α = 0.96). The minimal detectable change was 7 points. The Bland-Altman plot revealed a small positive systematic error of 1.02 points. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed significant differences in the NDI-G total score among the three groups (χ(2) = 29.77, p < 0.001). Mann-Whitney U tests showed significant differences in the total score between ACU and HCG (p < 0.001), and CHR and HCG (p < 0.001). The factor analysis of NDI-G yielded 2 factors that together explained 67% of the variance. Spearman's phi coefficients showed no correlation between the NDI-G total score and the visual analogue scale (VAS) in the ACU group (phi = 0.23, p = 0.40), and a moderate correlation in the CHR group (phi = 0.55, p = 0.03). The item analysis of the NDI-G revealed moderate to good reliability for all items. Only the item 'work' could differentiate between the ACU and CHR group. The NDI-G emerged from this study as a valid and reliable assessment. Its psychometric properties are comparable with the original version. Thus, the NDI-G is recommended for research and clinical settings in neck pain in German speaking countries.

  5. DAM Safety and Deformation Monitoring in Dams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalkan, Y.; Bilgi, S.; Potts, L.; Miiama, J.; Mahgoub, M.; Rahman, S.

    2013-12-01

    Water is the life and necessity to water is increasing day by day with respect to the World population, rising of living standards and destruction of nature. Thus, the importance of water and water structures have been increasing gradually. Dams are among the most important engineering structures used for water supplies, flood controls, agricultural purposes as well as drinking and hydroelectric power. There are about 150.000 large size dams in the World. Especially after the Second World War, higher and larger capacity dams have been constructed. Dams create certain risks like the other manmade structures. No one knows precisely how many dam failures have occurred in the World, whereas hundreds of dam failures have occurred throughout the U.S. history. Some basic physical data are very important for assessing the safety and performance of dams. These are movement, water pressure, seepage, reservoir and tail-water elevations, local seismic activities, total pressure, stress and strain, internal concrete temperature, ambient temperature and precipitation. These physical data are measured and monitored by the instruments and equipment. Dams and their surroundings have to be monitored by using essential methods at periodic time intervals in order to determine the possible changes that may occur over the time. Monitoring programs typically consist of; surveillance or visual observation. These programs on dams provide information for evaluating the dam's performance related to the design intent and expected changes that could affect the safety performance of the dam. Additionally, these programs are used for investigating and evaluating the abnormal or degrading performance where any remedial action is necessary. Geodetic and non-geodetic methods are used for monitoring. Monitoring the performance of the dams is critical for producing and maintaining the safe dams. This study provides some information, safety and the techniques about the deformation monitoring of the

  6. Successful I.D. Encounters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poorman, Margaret J.

    Instructional Development (I.D.) encounters are dependent for success on such variables as power, politics, promotion, and organizational placement. I.D. consultants must be aware of power bases or orientation of other personnel and clients, e.g., these four "power personalities" which affect their efforts in managing I.D. encounters: the gate…

  7. 50. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    50. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM -- DAM CONCRETE -- GENERAL ARRANGEMENT -- SECTION AND ELEVATIONS. M-L 26(R) 40/3 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  8. 49. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    49. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM -- DAM CONCRETE -- TYPICAL PIER ISOMETRIC. M-L 26(R) 40/1 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  9. CRIB DAM, LOOKING ALONG DAM FROM WEST ABUTMENT, SHOWING PLANK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    CRIB DAM, LOOKING ALONG DAM FROM WEST ABUTMENT, SHOWING PLANK SHEATHING IN FOREGROUND. VIEW TO EAST - Kachess Dam, 1904 Cascade Canal Company Crib Dam, Kachess River, 1.5 miles north of Interstate 90, Easton, Kittitas County, WA

  10. Focusing on dam safety

    SciTech Connect

    Lagassa, G.

    1993-01-01

    With increased relicensing activity and a federal emphasis on safety, dam repair and refurbishment is a growing business. Providers of goods and services are gearing up to meet the dam repair and rehabilitation needs that result.

  11. The Neck Disability Index-Russian Language Version (NDI-RU): A Study of Validity and Reliability.

    PubMed

    Bakhtadze, Maxim A; Vernon, Howard; Zakharova, Olga B; Kuzminov, Kirill O; Bolotov, Dmitry A

    2015-07-15

    Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric testing. To perform a validated Russian translation and then to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Russian language version of the Neck Disability Index (NDI-RU). Neck pain is highly prevalent and can greatly affect daily activity. The Neck Disability Index (NDI) is the most frequently used scale for self-rating of disability due to neck pain. Its translated versions are applied in many countries. However, the Russian language version of the NDI has not been developed yet. Cross-cultural adaptation of the NDI-RU was performed according to established guidelines. Then, the NDI-RU was evaluated for content validity, concurrent criterion validity, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, factor structure, and minimum detectable change. Two hundred thirty-two patients took part in the study in total: 109 in validity (39.5 ± 10 yr), 123 in reliability (38.4 ± 11 yr; 80 in the test-retest phase). A culturally valid translation was achieved. NDI-RU total scores were distributed normally. Floor/ceiling effects were absent. Good values of Cronbach α were obtained for each item (from 0.80 to 0.84) and for the total NDI-RU (0.83). A 2-factor solution was found for the NDI-RU. The average interitem correlation coefficient was 0.53. Intraclass correlation coefficients for test-retest reliability coefficients ranged from 0.65 to 0.92 for different items and 0.91 for the total NDI-RU. Moderate correlation (Spearman rs = 0.62; P < 0.05) was found between the NDI-RU total score and graphic rating scalepain score. Completion of the NDI-RU takes 3.6 ± 1 minutes. The development of a Russian language version of the Neck Disability Index resulted in a valid, reliable instrument that can be used both in clinical practice and scientific investigations. 1.

  12. Hoover Dam Learning Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Reclamation (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    This learning packet provides background information about Hoover Dam (Nevada) and the surrounding area. Since the dam was built at the height of the Depression in 1931, people came from all over the country to work on it. Because of Hoover Dam, the Colorado River was controlled for the first time in history and farmers in Nevada, California, and…

  13. Dam removal: Listening in

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Foley, Melissa M.; Bellmore, James; O'Connor, James E.; Duda, Jeff; East, Amy E.; Grant, Gordon G.; Anderson, Chauncey; Bountry, Jennifer A.; Collins, Mathias J.; Connolly, Patrick J.; Craig, Laura S.; Evans, James E.; Greene, Samantha; Magilligan, Francis J.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Major, Jon J.; Pess, George R.; Randle, Timothy J.; Shafroth, Patrick B.; Torgersen, Christian; Tullos, Desiree D.; Wilcox, Andrew C.

    2017-01-01

    Dam removal is widely used as an approach for river restoration in the United States. The increase in dam removals—particularly large dams—and associated dam-removal studies over the last few decades motivated a working group at the USGS John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis to review and synthesize available studies of dam removals and their findings. Based on dam removals thus far, some general conclusions have emerged: (1) physical responses are typically fast, with the rate of sediment erosion largely dependent on sediment characteristics and dam-removal strategy; (2) ecological responses to dam removal differ among the affected upstream, downstream, and reservoir reaches; (3) dam removal tends to quickly reestablish connectivity, restoring the movement of material and organisms between upstream and downstream river reaches; (4) geographic context, river history, and land use significantly influence river restoration trajectories and recovery potential because they control broader physical and ecological processes and conditions; and (5) quantitative modeling capability is improving, particularly for physical and broad-scale ecological effects, and gives managers information needed to understand and predict long-term effects of dam removal on riverine ecosystems. Although these studies collectively enhance our understanding of how riverine ecosystems respond to dam removal, knowledge gaps remain because most studies have been short (< 5 years) and do not adequately represent the diversity of dam types, watershed conditions, and dam-removal methods in the U.S.

  14. Development of a corrosion detection experiment to evaluate conventional and advanced NDI techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Roach, D.

    1995-12-31

    The Aging Aircraft NDI Validation Center (AANC) was established by the Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center (FAATC) at Sandia National Laboratories in August of 1991. The goal of the AANC is to provide independent validation of technologies intended to enhance the structural inspection of aging commuter and transport aircraft. The deliverables from the AANC`s validation activities are assessments of the reliability of existing and emerging inspection technologies as well as analyses of the cost benefits to be derived from their implementation. This paper describes the methodology developed by the AANC to assess the performance of NDI techniques. In particular, an experiment being developed to evaluate corrosion detection devices will be presented. The experiment uses engineered test specimens, as well as complete aircraft test beds to provide metrics for NDI validation.

  15. 2. SNAKE RIVER VALLEY IRRIGATION DISTRICT DAM, PHOTOGRAPHIC COPY OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. SNAKE RIVER VALLEY IRRIGATION DISTRICT DAM, PHOTOGRAPHIC COPY OF DRAWING, PLAN, SHEET 5 OF 5, 1924 (on file at the Idaho State Office of Water Resources, Boise, Idaho) - Snake River Valley Irrigation District, East Side of Snake River (River Mile 796), Shelley, Bingham County, ID

  16. PERSPECTIVE ON LANDSLIDE DAMS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schuster, Robert L.; Costa, John E.; ,

    1986-01-01

    The most common types of mass movements that form landslide dams are rock and soil slumps and slides; mud, debris, and earth flows: and rock and debris avalanches. The most common initiation mechanisms for dam-forming landslides are excessive rainfall and snow melt, and earthquakes. Most landslide dams are remarkable short-lived. In a sample of 63 documented cases, 22 percent of the landslide dams failed in less than 1 day after formation, and half failed within 10 days. Overtopping was by far the most frequent cause of landslide-dam failure. Backwater flooding behind landslide dams can inundate communities and valuable agricultural land. Floods from the failure of landslide dams are smaller than floods from constructed dams impounding bodies of water with the same potential energy, but larger than floods from failure of ice dams. Secondary effects of landslide-dam failures include additional landslides as reservoir levels drop rapidly, aggradation of valleys upstream and downstream of the dams, and avulsive channel changes downstream.

  17. IDS contribution to ITRF2008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valette, J.; Lemoine, F.; Ferrage, P.; Altamimi, Z.; Willis, P.; Stepanek, P.; Otten, M.; Govind, R.; Kuzin, S.; Le Bail, K.; Moore, P.; Yaya, P.; Soudarin, L.

    2009-12-01

    The International DORIS Service (IDS), in operation since 2003, submitted three sets of solutions to ITRF2005 from the IGN/JPL, LEGOS/CLS, and INASAN analysis centers, but no DORIS technique combination. Since that time new analysis centers have become operational including the Geodetic Observatory Pecny (GOP), the European Space Operations Center (ESOC), Geoscience Australia (GAU), the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSC), and the University of Newcastle (NCL). These analysis centers run different software, including Gypsy (IGN & INASAN), GINS (LCA), Bernese (GOP), NAPEOS (ESOC), GEODYN (Geoscience Australia and NASA GSFC) and FAUST (NCL). In order to contribute to ITRF2008, seven analysis centers processed DORIS data from TOPEX/Poseidon, SPOT2, SPOT3, SPOT4, SPOT5, and ENVISAT from 1992 to 2008, producing weekly SINEX solutions or normal equations. The weekly SINEX files from seven AC’s were processed with the CATREF software. Three iterations of an IDS weekly combined time series were completed. The IDS-1, and IDS-2 combinations were preliminary station-only solutions. In the final combination, IDS-3, both stations and the Earth Orientation Paramters (EOP’s) were adjusted. Between each of the IDS combinations, the combination strategy (station filtering, outliers, weighting, scale or geocenter contributions) was improved and the AC’s SINEX series were refined. Some series were extended in data span while others were recomputed to correct anomalies or to improve the quality of the submissions, based on feedback from the combination analyses and intercenter comparisons. For example in IDS-1, both the GAU and GSC solutions were affected by a 20 mm scale offset that was removed in IDS-2 and IDS-3 after the application of improved troposphere modelling in the GEODYN software. The analysis for IDS-1 showed a higher station position WRMS in the vicinity of the high solar flux periods (late 2001-2002). Consequently for IDS-2, several AC’s (LCA, GAU, GSC

  18. 16. Parker Dam, only top fourth of dam visible, at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Parker Dam, only top fourth of dam visible, at 320' high, Parker Dam is one of the highest in the world. Much of this height is because dam penetrates well below river bottom to fasten to bedrock. - Parker Dam, Spanning Colorado River between AZ & CA, Parker, La Paz County, AZ

  19. Space environmental effects, materials, and NDE/NDI presentation to SSTAC/ARTS Review Committee

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Venneri, Samuel L.

    1991-01-01

    Viewgraphs are presented on space environmental effects, materials, and NDE/NDI for the integrated technology plan for the civil space program. Topics covered include: space materials; space durable polymers; simulated space environmental effects; space radiation effects on polymer matrix composites; advanced coatings for spacecraft; Long Duration Exposure Facility; meteoroid and debris velocity distribution; and space environmental effects.

  20. New complexes containing the internal alternative NADH dehydrogenase (Ndi1) in mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    PubMed

    Matus-Ortega, M G; Cárdenas-Monroy, C A; Flores-Herrera, O; Mendoza-Hernández, G; Miranda, M; González-Pedrajo, B; Vázquez-Meza, H; Pardo, J P

    2015-10-01

    Mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae lack the respiratory complex I, but contain three rotenone-insensitive NADH dehydrogenases distributed on both the external (Nde1 and Nde2) and internal (Ndi1) surfaces of the inner mitochondrial membrane. These enzymes catalyse the transfer of electrons from NADH to ubiquinone without the translocation of protons across the membrane. Due to the high resolution of the Blue Native PAGE (BN-PAGE) technique combined with digitonin solubilization, several bands with NADH dehydrogenase activity were observed on the gel. The use of specific S. cerevisiae single and double mutants of the external alternative elements (ΔNDE1, ΔNDE2, ΔNDE1/ΔNDE2) showed that the high and low molecular weight complexes contained the Ndi1. Some of the Ndi1 associations took place with complexes III and IV, suggesting the formation of respirasome-like structures. Complex II interacted with other proteins to form a high molecular weight supercomplex with a molecular mass around 600 kDa. We also found that the majority of the Ndi1 was in a dimeric form, which is in agreement with the recently reported three-dimensional structure of the protein. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. Unshielded Facility Nondestructive Inspection (NDI) Radiation Protection Survey for Homestead ARB, FL

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-09

    and where workers have completed ALARA training. U, Uncontrolled Area; An area not controlled or monitored by the NDI section and where...workers have not completed ALARA training. bMax dose estimate for 1 h = (updated reading [mrem/h])*(exposure duration [h]). cAnnual dose

  2. 51. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    51. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM -- TAINTER GATE -- GENERAL ARRANGEMENT. M-L 26(R) 45/1 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  3. 9. Excavation work at Pleasant Dam (now called Waddell Dam). ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Excavation work at Pleasant Dam (now called Waddell Dam). Photographer unknown, July, 22, 1926. Source: Maricopa County Municipal Water Conservation District Number One (MWD). - Waddell Dam, On Agua Fria River, 35 miles northwest of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

  4. Validation of the Greek Translation of the Nursing Dimensions Inventory questionnaire (NDI-35)

    PubMed Central

    Kotrotsiou, Evagelia; Gouva, Mary; Kotrotsiou, Stiliani; Malliarou, Maria; Paralikas, Theodosios

    2014-01-01

    Context: The concept of care is a fundamental issue in nursing science. Therefore the development and the use of tools for assessing care is an imperative for the nursing profession. The NDI-35 questionnaire is one such tool for assessing the nursing care. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to adapt and use the NDI-35 questionnaire in Greek nursing practice. A translation and validation of NDI-35 questionnaire is performed. Methods: Exploratory factor analyses, as well as internal consistency and test–retest analyses, were conducted. Forward translations from English were produced by three independent Greek translators and then back translations by five independent bilingual translators. The Greek NDI-35 questionnaire that was produced was administered to 200 nurses (144 women and 56 men) from tertiary and secondary health care facilities. Data were analyzed using principal component analysis and Cronbach’s alpha. Results: One hundred and eighty four nurses that answered the NDI-35 questionnaire were graduates from the Technological Educational Institute (T.E.I.) and 64% of the respondents had more than 15 years of professional experience. Two subscales arbitrarily called “clinical work” and “patient needs” emerged, with the mean “clinical work” subscale score being at 70.16 ±12.90 (a maximum of 85) and mean “patient needs” subscale at 21.49± 6.16. Considerable differences in scoring among different items were observed when the NDI-35 answers were compared to their Greek counterparts’. Results confirmed that: (a) the translated versions are an accurate translation of the original, (b) factor analyses established similar factor solutions as that of the English versions, (c) reliability coefficients are satisfactory (i.e., Cronbach’s α coefficients and test–retests), and (d) construct validity revealed similarities between English and Greek versions, replications consistent with past research, as well as differences explained

  5. Yeast AMID Homologue Ndi1p Displays Respiration-restricted Apoptotic Activity and Is Involved in Chronological Aging

    PubMed Central

    Li, Wei; Sun, Libo; Liang, Qiuli; Wang, Juan; Mo, Weike; Zhou, Bing

    2006-01-01

    Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and AIF-homologous mitochondrion-associated inducer of death (AMID) are both mitochondrial flavoproteins that trigger caspase-independent apoptosis. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that these two proteins evolutionarily diverge back from their common prokaryote ancestor. Compared with AIF, the proapoptotic nature of AMID and its mode of action are much less clarified. Here, we show that overexpression of yeast AMID homologue internal NADH dehydrogenase (NDI1), but not external NADH dehydrogenase (NDE1), can cause apoptosis-like cell death, and this effect can be repressed by increased respiration on glucose-limited media. This result indicates that the regulatory network of energy metabolism, in particular the cross-talk between mitochondria and the rest of the cell, is involved in Ndi1p-induced yeast cell apoptosis. The apoptotic effect of NDI1 overexpression is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mitochondria. In addition, NDI1 overexpression in sod2 background causes cell lethality in both fermentable and semifermentable media. Interruption of certain components in the electron transport chain can suppress the growth inhibition from Ndi1p overexpression. We finally show that disruption of NDI1 or NDE1 decreases ROS production and elongates the chronological life span of yeast, accompanied by the loss of survival fitness. Implication of these findings for Ndi1p-induced apoptosis is discussed. PMID:16436509

  6. Intravitreal delivery of AAV-NDI1 provides functional benefit in a murine model of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy

    PubMed Central

    Chadderton, Naomi; Palfi, Arpad; Millington-Ward, Sophia; Gobbo, Oliverio; Overlack, Nora; Carrigan, Matthew; O'Reilly, Mary; Campbell, Matthew; Ehrhardt, Carsten; Wolfrum, Uwe; Humphries, Peter; Kenna, Paul F; Jane Farrar, G

    2013-01-01

    Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a mitochondrially inherited form of visual dysfunction caused by mutations in several genes encoding subunits of the mitochondrial respiratory NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase complex (complex I). Development of gene therapies for LHON has been impeded by genetic heterogeneity and the need to deliver therapies to the mitochondria of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), the cells primarily affected in LHON. The therapy under development entails intraocular injection of a nuclear yeast gene NADH-quinone oxidoreductase (NDI1) that encodes a single subunit complex I equivalent and as such is mutation independent. NDI1 is imported into mitochondria due to an endogenous mitochondrial localisation signal. Intravitreal injection represents a clinically relevant route of delivery to RGCs not previously used for NDI1. In this study, recombinant adenoassociated virus (AAV) serotype 2 expressing NDI1 (AAV-NDI1) was shown to protect RGCs in a rotenone-induced murine model of LHON. AAV-NDI1 significantly reduced RGC death by 1.5-fold and optic nerve atrophy by 1.4-fold. This led to a significant preservation of retinal function as assessed by manganese enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and optokinetic responses. Intraocular injection of AAV-NDI1 overcomes many barriers previously associated with developing therapies for LHON and holds great therapeutic promise for a mitochondrial disorder for which there are no effective therapies. PMID:22669418

  7. Anti-leukaemic activity of the TYK2 selective inhibitor NDI-031301 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

    PubMed

    Akahane, Koshi; Li, Zhaodong; Etchin, Julia; Berezovskaya, Alla; Gjini, Evisa; Masse, Craig E; Miao, Wenyan; Rocnik, Jennifer; Kapeller, Rosana; Greenwood, Jeremy R; Tiv, Hong; Sanda, Takaomi; Weinstock, David M; Look, A Thomas

    2017-04-01

    Activation of tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) contributes to the aberrant survival of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) cells. Here we demonstrate the anti-leukaemic activity of a novel TYK2 inhibitor, NDI-031301. NDI-031301 is a potent and selective inhibitor of TYK2 that induced robust growth inhibition of human T-ALL cell lines. NDI-031301 treatment of human T-ALL cell lines resulted in induction of apoptosis that was not observed with the JAK inhibitors tofacitinib and baricitinib. Further investigation revealed that NDI-031301 treatment uniquely leads to activation of three mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), resulting in phosphorylation of ERK, SAPK/JNK and p38 MAPK coincident with PARP cleavage. Activation of p38 MAPK occurred within 1 h of NDI-031301 treatment and was responsible for NDI-031301-induced T-ALL cell death, as pharmacological inhibition of p38 MAPK partially rescued apoptosis induced by TYK2 inhibitor. Finally, daily oral administration of NDI-031301 at 100 mg/kg bid to immunodeficient mice engrafted with KOPT-K1 T-ALL cells was well tolerated, and led to decreased tumour burden and a significant survival benefit. These results support selective inhibition of TYK2 as a promising potential therapeutic strategy for T-ALL.

  8. National Program of Inspection of Non-Federal Dams, Tennessee. Marys Creek Dam Number 8 (Inventory Number TN 15727), Wolf River Basin, near Cross Roads, Shelby County, Tennessee. Phase I Investigation Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    signjfic;an1M- d m rdn ..... A nr ’ the up- stream slope of the dam and downstream of the toe. 3) There wae no measurehle eerg fonntL XI. Recommendations 1...Inspection April 1 1 5I ID # - State 79- 7078 Federal TN 15776 Type of Dam Earth Hazard Category-Federal 1 State High Weather Sunny, breezy Temperature

  9. In vivo complementation of complex I by the yeast Ndi1 enzyme. Possible application for treatment of Parkinson disease.

    PubMed

    Seo, Byoung Boo; Nakamaru-Ogiso, Eiko; Flotte, Terence R; Matsuno-Yagi, Akemi; Yagi, Takao

    2006-05-19

    Recent studies suggest that dysfunction of the NADH-quinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is associated with a number of human diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson disease. We have shown previously that the single subunit rotenone-insensitive NADH-quinone oxidoreductase (Ndi1) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria can restore NADH oxidation in complex I-deficient mammalian cells. The Ndi1 enzyme is insensitive to complex I inhibitors such as rotenone and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion, known as a metabolite of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). To test the possible use of the NDI1 gene as a therapeutic agent in vivo, we chose a mouse model of Parkinson disease. The NDI1-recombinant adeno-associated virus particles (rAAV-NDI1) were injected unilaterally into the substantia nigra of mice. The animals were then subjected to treatment with MPTP. The degree of neurodegeneration in the nigrostriatal system was assessed immunohistochemically through the analysis of tyrosine hydroxylase and glial fibrillary acidic protein. It was evident that the substantia nigra neurons on the side used for injection of rAAV-NDI1 retained a high level of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells, and the ipsilateral striatum exhibited significantly less denervation than the contralateral striatum. Furthermore, striatal concentrations of dopamine and its metabolites in the hemisphere that received rAAV-NDI1 were substantially higher than those of the untreated hemisphere, reaching more than 50% of the normal levels. These results indicate that the expressed Ndi1 protein elicits resistance to MPTP-induced neuronal injury. The present study is the first successful demonstration of complementation of complex I by the Ndi1 enzyme in animals.

  10. Focusing attention on dam safety

    SciTech Connect

    Barnes, M.J.

    1992-09-01

    When people think of hydropower, an image of a dam often comes to mind. Indeed, at most high-hazard dams, there is a hydro plant. A North American hydro industry survey shows that dams and their safety are a priority among project owners. The survey identified several recent dam safety activities: development of safety evaluation programs; dam rehabilitation for greater stability; dam monitoring installations; seismic strengthening; and emergency preparedness.

  11. Proceedings of Dam Safety Training Program

    SciTech Connect

    Tanner, D.T.; Sloan, R.C.; Tockstein, C.D.; Price, J.T.; Stone, S.D.; Newton, D.; Spearman, E.L.; Hodge, R.D.; Jenkins, C.; Chapman, L.D.

    1985-01-01

    The papers included are titled: Assessment of Instrumentation Data, Design of Concrete Dams, Instrumentation of Dams, TVA's Dam Safety Program, Design of Earth Dams, Hydrologic Design of Dams, Emergency Action Plans, TVA Dam Safety Studies and Project Rehabilitation, Collection of Instrumentation Data, Structural Inspection at Non-Power Dams, Construction of Dams, and Site Selection and Geology.

  12. Detecting dam failures

    SciTech Connect

    Knarr, C.M.; Barker, T.J.; McKenery, S.F. )

    1994-06-01

    This article describes efforts by Southern California Edison to meet Federal Energy Regulatory Commission requirements for unattended dam monitoring against failure. The topics include a description of the two dam systems, monitoring system design and operation including warning sirens for remote camping areas, and installation of the systems.

  13. Dammed or Damned?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirsch, Philip

    1988-01-01

    Summarizes issues raised at a workshop on "People and Dams" organized by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia. Objectives were to (1) understand problems created by dams for people, (2) consider forces affecting displaced populations and rehabilitation efforts, and (3) gain a perspective on popular education efforts among…

  14. 1. GORGE HIGH DAM. THIS THIN ARCH DAM WITH A ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. GORGE HIGH DAM. THIS THIN ARCH DAM WITH A GRAVITY SECTION IS THE THIRD DAM BUILT BY SEATTLE CITY LIGHT TO PROVIDE WATER FOR GORGE POWERHOUSE AND WAS COMPLETED IN 1961, 1989. - Skagit Power Development, Gorge High Dam, On Skagit River, 2.9 miles upstream from Newhalem, Newhalem, Whatcom County, WA

  15. PROMIS Physical Function Correlation with NDI and mJOA in the Surgical Cervical Myelopathy Patient Population.

    PubMed

    Owen, Robert J; Zebala, Luke; Peters, Colleen; McAnany, Steven

    2017-08-04

    : STUDY DESIGN.: retrospective review OBJECTIVE.: To determine the correlation of PROMIS (Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) physical function with NDI (Neck Disability Index) and mJOA (Modified Japanese Orthopedic Association) scores in the surgical cervical myelopathy patient population SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Outcome measures such as NDI and mJOA are essential for analyzing treatments for cervical myelopathy. Administrative burdens impose limits on completion of these measures. The PROMIS group developed an outcome measure to improve reporting of patient symptoms and function and to reduce administrative burden. Despite early success, NDI and mJOA have not been compared with PROMIS in patients with cervical myelopathy. This study determines the correlation of NDI and mJOA with PROMIS in surgical patients with cervical myelopathy. 60 patients with cervical myelopathy undergoing surgery were included. PROMIS, NDI, and mJOA were collected preoperatively, and in the first 6 months postoperatively. Correlations between NDI, mJOA and PROMIS were quantified using Pearson correlation coefficients. Students T-tests were used to test significance. All 60 (100%) of patients completed preoperative questionnaires. 55 (92%) of patients completed initial follow up questionnaires within the first 6 months. PROMIS physical function and NDI demonstrated a strong negative correlation at baseline and in initial follow up (R = -0.69, -0.76). PROMIS and mJOA demonstrated a strong positive correlation at baseline and in initial follow up (R = 0.61, 0.72). PROMIS physical function has a strong negative correlation with NDI and a strong positive correlation with mJOA at baseline and in the early postoperative course in patients undergoing surgery for cervical myelopathy. Surgeons may factor these outcomes into the delivery and interpretation of patient reported outcome measures in this population. Use of PROMIS may improve completion of outcome

  16. A look at the ASEAN-NDI: building a regional health R&D innovation network

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Globally, there are growing efforts to address diseases through the advancement in health research and development (R&D), strengthening of regional cooperation in science and technology (particularly on product discovery and development), and implementation of the World Health Assembly Resolution 61.21 (WHA61.21) on the Global Strategy and Plan of Action on Public Health, Innovation, and Intellectual Property (GSPA-PHI). As such, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is responding to this through the establishment of the ASEAN-Network for Drugs, Diagnostics, Vaccines, and Traditional Medicines Innovation (ASEAN-NDI). This is important in the ASEAN considering that infectious tropical diseases remain prevalent, emerging, and reemerging in the region. This paper looks into the evolution of the ASEAN-NDI from its inception in 2009, to how it is at present, and its plans to mitigate public health problems regionally and even globally. PMID:24834349

  17. Parkinson's disease and mitochondrial complex I: a perspective on the Ndi1 therapy.

    PubMed

    Marella, Mathieu; Seo, Byoung Boo; Yagi, Takao; Matsuno-Yagi, Akemi

    2009-12-01

    Mitochondrial impairment has been collecting more and more attention as a contributing factor to the etiology of Parkinson's disease. Above all, the NADH-quinone oxidoreductase, complex I, of the respiratory chain seems to be most culpable. Complex I dysfunction is translated to an increased production of reactive oxygen species and a decreased energy supply. In the brain, the dopaminergic neurons are one of the most susceptible cells. Their death is directly linked to the disease apparition. Developing an effective gene therapy is challenged by harmful actions of reactive oxygen species. To overcome this problem a therapeutic candidate must be able to restore the NADH-quinone oxidoreductase activity regardless of how complex I is impaired. Here we discuss the potency of the yeast alternative NADH dehydrogenase, the Ndi1 protein, to reinstate the mitochondrial respiratory chain compensating for disabled complex I and the benefit Ndi1 brings toward retardation of Parkinson's disease.

  18. A Tool Measuring Remaining Thickness of Notched Acoustic Cavities in Primary Reaction Control Thruster NDI Standards

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sun, Yushi; Sun, Changhong; Zhu, Harry; Wincheski, Buzz

    2006-01-01

    Stress corrosion cracking in the relief radius area of a space shuttle primary reaction control thruster is an issue of concern. The current approach for monitoring of potential crack growth is nondestructive inspection (NDI) of remaining thickness (RT) to the acoustic cavities using an eddy current or remote field eddy current probe. EDM manufacturers have difficulty in providing accurate RT calibration standards. Significant error in the RT values of NDI calibration standards could lead to a mistaken judgment of cracking condition of a thruster under inspection. A tool based on eddy current principle has been developed to measure the RT at each acoustic cavity of a calibration standard in order to validate that the standard meets the sample design criteria.

  19. A look at the ASEAN-NDI: building a regional health R&D innovation network.

    PubMed

    Montoya, Jaime C; Rebulanan, Carina L; Parungao, Nico Angelo C; Ramirez, Bernadette

    2014-01-01

    Globally, there are growing efforts to address diseases through the advancement in health research and development (R&D), strengthening of regional cooperation in science and technology (particularly on product discovery and development), and implementation of the World Health Assembly Resolution 61.21 (WHA61.21) on the Global Strategy and Plan of Action on Public Health, Innovation, and Intellectual Property (GSPA-PHI). As such, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is responding to this through the establishment of the ASEAN-Network for Drugs, Diagnostics, Vaccines, and Traditional Medicines Innovation (ASEAN-NDI). This is important in the ASEAN considering that infectious tropical diseases remain prevalent, emerging, and reemerging in the region. This paper looks into the evolution of the ASEAN-NDI from its inception in 2009, to how it is at present, and its plans to mitigate public health problems regionally and even globally.

  20. Neuroprotective effect of long-term NDI1 gene expression in a chronic mouse model of Parkinson disorder.

    PubMed

    Barber-Singh, Jennifer; Seo, Byoung Boo; Nakamaru-Ogiso, Eiko; Lau, Yuen-Sum; Matsuno-Yagi, Akemi; Yagi, Takao

    2009-08-01

    Previously, we showed that the internal rotenone-insensitive nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-quinone oxidoreductase (NDI1) gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast) can be successfully inserted into the mitochondria of mice and rats and the expressed enzyme was found to be fully functional. In this study, we investigated the ability of the Ndi1 enzyme to protect the dopaminergic neurons in a chronic mouse model of Parkinson disorder. After expression of the NDI1 gene in the unilateral substantia nigra of male C57BL/6 mice for 8 months, a chronic Parkinsonian model was created by administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) with probenecid and evaluated using neurochemical and behavioral responses 1-4 weeks post-MPTP/probenecid injection. We showed that expression of Ndi1 was able to significantly prevent the loss of dopamine and tyrosine hydroxylase as well as the dopaminergic transporters in the striatum of the chronic Parkinsonian mice. Behavioral assessment based on a methamphetamine-induced rotation test and spontaneous swing test further supported neurological preservation in the NDI1-treated Parkinsonian mice. The data presented in this study demonstrate a protective effect of the NDI1 gene in dopaminergic neurons, suggesting its therapeutic potential for Parkinson-like disorders.

  1. The Macromolecular Neutron Diffractometer MaNDi at the Spallation Neutron Source

    DOE PAGES

    Coates, Leighton; Cuneo, Matthew J.; Frost, Matthew J.; ...

    2015-07-18

    The Macromolecular Neutron Diffractometer (MaNDi) is located on beamline 11B of the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Moreover, the instrument is a neutron time-of-flight wavelength-resolved Laue diffractometer optimized to collect diffraction data from single crystals. Finally, the instrument has been designed to provide flexibility in several instrumental parameters, such as beam divergence and wavelength bandwidth, to allow data collection from a range of macromolecular systems.

  2. The Macromolecular Neutron Diffractometer MaNDi at the Spallation Neutron Source

    SciTech Connect

    Coates, Leighton; Cuneo, Matthew J.; Frost, Matthew J.; He, Junhong; Weiss, Kevin L.; McFeeters, Hana; Tomanicek, Stephen J.; Vandavasi, Venu Gopal; Langan, Paul; Iverson, Erik B.

    2015-07-18

    The Macromolecular Neutron Diffractometer (MaNDi) is located on beamline 11B of the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Moreover, the instrument is a neutron time-of-flight wavelength-resolved Laue diffractometer optimized to collect diffraction data from single crystals. Finally, the instrument has been designed to provide flexibility in several instrumental parameters, such as beam divergence and wavelength bandwidth, to allow data collection from a range of macromolecular systems.

  3. National Dam Inspection Program. Dyers Run Number 3 Dam (NDI Number PA 00676 DER Number 54-038), Delaware River Basin, Schuykill County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    34’-’JPRE PARED-- R::R... ..... ’ DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Baltimore District, Corps of Engineers Baltimore , Maryland 21203/r > _ BY .,, Berger...Investi- gations. Copies of these guidelines may be obtained from the Office of Chief of Engineers , Washington, D.C. 20314. The purpose of a Phase I...SCHUYLKILL Stream: DYER RUN Date of Inspection: October 21, 1980 Based on the visual inspection, past performance and the available engineering data, the

  4. National Dam Inspection Program. Sweet Arrow Lake Dam (NDI-PA-00680, DER-54-102), Susquenhanna River Basin, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-04-01

    RESERVOIR Some steep, some flat in built up area (houses, Slopes roadway). Sedimentation None. Wa tershed Mos tly far mland , except wooded in the mountains ...sandstone memberr Catskill Fm.— F Damascus Member m Marcellus Shale Dci ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Member ~ Selinegrove limestone I ~~~~ I Triaaers Bk

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. WOLFF Farm Dam, NDI Number PA-01115, DER Number 21-179. Susquehanna River Basin. Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-04-01

    34 A/ 7(> V’/ L /--F [AIMfl ’= /,*; I/. £ 57/ (. /"’ £-LA ,> 1.9Zf -25 CF5 5iE $ li35/P-C o pCV IAC e_/.. L//. S:/ACF T/ C/UF AiA K /A/M , H6(C.,,J - 2...W-- L F A / ?. . / ........................ /00 Y-? FL OOL. 7-TTL /NA/NFALL ( p o’,- TP -40) D tl-14Tll E p Tr (H /,,) (/,V) I 2.3q 2 3.60 3...Wa 12 HOURS - _24 HOURS ហ HOURS - Or 72 HOURS ZONE (3) 15A 15A SV , /c4) .54/1.15 .54/1.15 ’Y (51 OJ L (MILES) .38 .38 < L c, (MILES) .16 .16 a- Tp

  6. National Dam Inspection Program. Milltown Dam (NDI Number PA-00218, DER Number 15-146), Delaware River Basin, Chester County, Pennsylvania. Phase I inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    GENERAL1 1.2 DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT 1 1.3 PERTINENT DATA 2 SECTION 2 - ENGINEERING DATA 2.1 DESIGN 5 2.2 CONSTRUCTION 5 2.3 OPERATION 5 2.4 EVALUATION...hydraulic analyses. In accordance with the established Guide- lines, the spillway design flood is based on the estimated "Probable Maximum Flood" for...the region (greatest reasonably possible storm runoff), or fractions thereof. The spillway design flood provides a measure of relative spillway

  7. Cation and Vacancy Disorder in U1-yNdyO2.00-X Alloys

    DOE PAGES

    Barabash, Rozaliya I.; Voit, Stewart L.; Aidhy, Dilpuneet S.; ...

    2015-09-14

    In this study, the intermixing and clustering of U/Nd, O, and vacancies were studied by both laboratory and synchrotron-based x-ray diffraction in U1-yNdyO2-X alloys. It was found that an increased holding time at the high experimental temperature during initial alloy preparation results in a lower disorder of the Nd distribution in the alloys. Adjustment of the oxygen concentration in the U1-yNdyO2-X alloys with different Nd concentrations was accompanied by the formation of vacancies on the oxygen sublattice and a nanocrystalline component. The lattice parameters in the U1-yNdyO2-X alloys were also found to deviate significantly from Vegard's law when the Ndmore » concentration was high (53%) and decreased with increasing oxygen concentration. Such changes indicate the formation of large vacancy concentrations during oxygen adjustment at these high temperatures. Finally, the change in the vacancy concentration after the oxygen adjustment was estimated relative to Nd concentration and oxygen stoichiometry.« less

  8. Threshold extended ID3 algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, A. B. Rajesh; Ramesh, C. Phani; Madhusudhan, E.; Padmavathamma, M.

    2012-04-01

    Information exchange over insecure networks needs to provide authentication and confidentiality to the database in significant problem in datamining. In this paper we propose a novel authenticated multiparty ID3 Algorithm used to construct multiparty secret sharing decision tree for implementation in medical transactions.

  9. Wynoochee Dam Foundation Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-01

    metamorphosed tholeiitic basalt, diabase , volcaniclastic, and associated sediments. From 8 miles upstream to 10 miles downstream from the dam the rocks are...clay and fine sandy interbeds are occasion- ally present at flow contacts. locally, the basalt is cut by dark gray, moderately jointed diabase dike...rock. 3.03.2 All of the concrete dam is founded on bedrock (figure 3-3). Basalt forms the right abutment, diabase forms the left, and a contact zone

  10. 8. VIEW OF SWAN FALLS DAM AND VILLAGE FROM LEFT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. VIEW OF SWAN FALLS DAM AND VILLAGE FROM LEFT BANK (SOUTH) OF SNAKE RIVER, FACING EAST. VISIBLE VILLAGE STRUCTURES FROM LEFT TO RIGHT ON HILLSIDE ARE: COTTAGE 521, GARAGE 531, COTTAGE 101; VISIBLE AT RIVER LEVEL ARE: COTTAGE 361, COTTAGE 362, COTTAGE 363, BOAT HOUSE 394, CLUB HOUSE 011, GARAGE 393, COTTAGE 191, COTTAGE 181, GARAGE 532. - Swan Falls Village, Snake River, Kuna, Ada County, ID

  11. 23. VIEW TAKEN OF VILLAGE, DAM, AND POWER HOUSE AROUND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. VIEW TAKEN OF VILLAGE, DAM, AND POWER HOUSE AROUND 1945. CAMERA IS PROBABLY ON ROAD LEADING INTO VILLAGE AND FACES SOUTHWEST. CLUB HOUSE IS AT LOWER LEFT, WITH COTTAGES 361, 362, AND 363 TO THE RIGHT OF IT ON THE SAME SIDE OF THE ROAD. COTTAGE 231 SHOWS WASHING ON THE CLOTHESLINE. COTTAGE 101 AT LOWER RIGHT. - Swan Falls Village, Snake River, Kuna, Ada County, ID

  12. 140. PLAN AND SECTION OF NEW DAM AND OLD DAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    140. PLAN AND SECTION OF NEW DAM AND OLD DAM From Annual Report of 1872, Water Department of Philadelphia - Fairmount Waterworks, East bank of Schuylkill River, Aquarium Drive, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  13. Dams and Intergovernmental Transfers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bao, X.

    2012-12-01

    Gainers and Losers are always associated with large scale hydrological infrastructure construction, such as dams, canals and water treatment facilities. Since most of these projects are public services and public goods, Some of these uneven impacts cannot fully be solved by markets. This paper tried to explore whether the governments are paying any effort to balance the uneven distributional impacts caused by dam construction or not. It showed that dam construction brought an average 2% decrease in per capita tax revenue in the upstream counties, a 30% increase in the dam-location counties and an insignificant increase in downstream counties. Similar distributional impacts were observed for other outcome variables. like rural income and agricultural crop yields, though the impacts differ across different crops. The paper also found some balancing efforts from inter-governmental transfers to reduce the unevenly distributed impacts caused by dam construction. However, overall the inter-governmental fiscal transfer efforts were not large enough to fully correct those uneven distributions, reflected from a 2% decrease of per capita GDP in upstream counties and increase of per capita GDP in local and downstream counties. This paper may shed some lights on the governmental considerations in the decision making process for large hydrological infrastructures.

  14. Genetic forms of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI): Vasopressin receptor defect (X-linked) and aquaporin defect (autosomal recessive and dominant).

    PubMed

    Bichet, Daniel G; Bockenhauer, Detlef

    2016-03-01

    Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), which can be inherited or acquired, is characterized by an inability to concentrate urine despite normal or elevated plasma concentrations of the antidiuretic hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP). Polyuria with hyposthenuria and polydipsia are the cardinal clinical manifestations of the disease. About 90% of patients with congenital NDI are males with X-linked NDI who have mutations in the vasopressin V2 receptor (AVPR2) gene encoding the vasopressin V2 receptor. In less than 10% of the families studied, congenital NDI has an autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant mode of inheritance with mutations in the aquaporin-2 (AQP2) gene. When studied in vitro, most AVPR2 and AQP2 mutations lead to proteins trapped in the endoplasmic reticulum and are unable to reach the plasma membrane. Prior knowledge of AVPR2 or AQP2 mutations in NDI families and perinatal mutation testing is of direct clinical value and can avert the physical and mental retardation associated with repeated episodes of dehydration. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. ECHETA DAM RIPRAP ON RESERVOIR SIDE OF THE DAM AT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    ECHETA DAM RIP-RAP ON RESERVOIR SIDE OF THE DAM AT BREACH. VIEW TO NORTH-NORTHEAST. - Echeta Dam & Reservoir, 2.9 miles east of Echeta Road at Echeta Railroad Siding at County Road 293, Echeta, Campbell County, WY

  16. Coupled dam safety analysis using WinDAM

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Windows® Dam Analysis Modules (WinDAM) is a set of modular software components that can be used to analyze overtopping and internal erosion of embankment dams. Dakota is an extensive software framework for design exploration and simulation. These tools can be coupled to create a powerful framework...

  17. 52. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    52. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). FIRST STAGE DAM -- TAINTER GATE HOIST-ASSEMBLY -- PLANS AND ELEVATIONS. M-L 26(R) 46/2 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  18. 32. AERIAL VIEW OF TIETON DAM, UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    32. AERIAL VIEW OF TIETON DAM, UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM (Trashrack-structure for outlet at lower left in reservoir, spillway at upper left. Reservoir nearly empty due to drought.) - Tieton Dam, South & East of State Highway 12, Naches, Yakima County, WA

  19. Small dams need better management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balcerak, Ernie

    2012-03-01

    Many small dams around the world are poorly maintained and represent a safety hazard, according to Pisaniello et al. Better oversight of small dams is needed, the authors argue. The researchers reviewed literature, conducted case studies in four states in Australia, and developed policy benchmarks and best practices for small-dam management. Small dams, often just several meters high and typically privately owned by individual farmers, have historically caused major damage when they fail. For instance, in China in 1975, 230,000 people died when two large dams failed because of the cumulative failure of 60 smaller upstream dams. In the United States, in 1977 the 8-meter-high Kelly Barnes Lake dam failed, killing 39 people. Many other small-dam failures around the world have resulted in casualties and severe ecological and economic damage.

  20. Id-1 and Id-2 are markers for metastasis and prognosis in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Yuen, H-F; Chan, Y-P; Chan, K-K; Chu, Y-Y; Wong, M L-Y; Law, S Y-K; Srivastava, G; Wong, Y-C; Wang, X; Chan, K-W

    2007-11-19

    Id protein family consists of four members namely Id-1 to Id-4. Different from other basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, they lack the DNA binding domain. Id proteins have been shown to be dysregulated in many different cancer types and their prognostic value has also been demonstrated. Recently, Id-1 has been shown to be upregulated in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the prognostic implications of Id proteins in ESCC have not been reported. We examined the expression of the Id proteins in ESCC cell lines and clinical ESCC specimens and found that Id protein expressions were dysregulated in both the ESCC cell lines and specimens. By correlating the expression levels of Id proteins and the clinicopathological data of our patient cohort, we found that M1 stage tumours had significantly higher nuclear Id-1 expression (P=0.012) while high nuclear Id-1 expression could predict development of distant metastasis within 1 year of oesophagectomy (P=0.005). In addition, high levels of Id-2 expression in both cytoplasmic and nuclear regions predicted longer patient survival (P=0.041). Multivariate analysis showed that high-level expression of Id-2 in both cytoplasmic and nuclear regions and lower level of nuclear Id-1 expression were independent favourable predictors of survival in our ESCC patients. Our results suggest that Id-1 may promote distant metastasis in ESCC, and both Id-1 and Id-2 may be used for prognostication for ESCC patients.

  1. Dam health diagnosis and evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Zhongru; Su, Huaizhi

    2005-06-01

    Based on the bionics principle in the life sciences field, we regard a dam as a vital and intelligent system. A bionics model is constructed to observe, diagnose and evaluate dam health. The model is composed of a sensing system (nerve), central processing unit (cerebrum) and decision-making implement (organism). In addition, the model, index system and engineering method on dam health assessment are presented. The proposed theories and methods are applied to evaluate dynamically the health of one concrete dam.

  2. Synthesis, conformational and theoretical studies of 1,n-di(2-formyl-4-phenylazophenoxy)alkanes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balachander, R.; Manimekalai, A.

    2016-01-01

    1,n-di(2-Formyl-4-phenylazophenoxy)alkanes 1 and 2 and 1,3-di(2-formyl-4-phenylazophenoxymethyl)benzene 3 were synthesis and characterized by FT-IR, UV-Vis, 1H, 13C NMR and mass spectral studies. The stable conformations of 1-3 were predicted theoretically and selected geometrical parameters were derived from optimized structures. The molecular parameters of HOMO-LUMO energies, polarizability, hyperpolarizability, natural bond orbital (NBO), atom in molecule (AIM) analysis and molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) surfaces were determined by the density functional theory (DFT) method and analysed.

  3. FAA Airworthiness Assurance NDI Validation Center (AANC) operated by Sandia National Laboratories.

    SciTech Connect

    Roach, Dennis Patrick; Hartman, Roger D.

    2010-09-01

    Airworthiness Assurance NDI Validation Center (AANC) objectives are: (1) Enhance aircraft safety and reliability; (2) Aid developing advanced aircraft designs and maintenance techniques; (3) Provide our customers with comprehensive, independent, and quantitative/qualitative evaluations of new and enhanced inspection, maintenance, and repair techniques; (4) Facilitate transferring effective technologies into the aviation industry; (5) Support FAA rulemaking process by providing guidance on content & necessary tools to meet requirements or recommendations of FARs, ADs, ACs, SBs, SSIDs, CPCP, and WFD; and (6) Coordinate with and respond to Airworthiness Assurance Working Group (AAWG) in support of FAA Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee (ARAC).

  4. Designing the IDS business portfolio.

    PubMed

    Etchen, L L; Bouton, J L

    2000-01-01

    The business-value model is a strategic and business decision-making tool that can help integrated delivery systems (IDSs) evaluate the relative value that their individual businesses contribute to their overall systems. To use the model, IDSs first need to identify their individual business lines using criteria such as scope, size, marketability, operations, and competition. Businesses then are categorized as core, continuum, cash, or complementary based on four criteria: system purpose, size as reflected by annual revenue, competitive position, and level of profitability. Standards for these criteria should be set by the IDS in accordance with its market circumstances.

  5. The International Doris Service (IDS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tavernier, G.; Feissel-Vernier, M.; Lemoine, F.; Noll, C.; Ries, J.; Soudarin, L.; Willis, P.

    The DORIS system was developed for precise orbit determination and precise positioning on Earth. In continuation of the DORIS Pilot Experiment initiated in 1999, the International DORIS Service (IDS) officially started on July 1, 2003 as an IAG Service after the decision of the IAG Executive Committee at the IUGG General Assembly in Sapporo. Following this decision, the IERS Directing board accepted the DORIS Service as a new IERS external service. Six satellites fitted out with DORIS receivers are currently flying, permanently observed by 56 well distributed stations. Among them, three satellites equipped with new DORIS receivers (Jason-1, ENVISAT and SPOT5) have been successfully launched between Dec. 2001 and May 2002. All of them host a navigation function, called DIODE. Two new stations have been added to the permanent network in 2003: Crozet (French Southern Indian Ocean territories) and Jiufeng (China). In response to proposals submitted by candidate host agencies in the frame of IDS, the following stations were installed: Wettzell (Germany), Gavdos (radar altimeter calibration site in Crete), Lambert and Sorsdal (Glacier movement monitoring in Antarctica) in Winter 2001/2002, 2002/2003 and 2003/2004. The 2003 and early 2004 highlights include the renovation of a number of stations, reorganization of the Data Centers, and new developments in the coordination of analyses. While the Analysis Centers continue their support to IERS, the Analysis Coordinator and the Central Bureau are jointly developing comparison and combination activities that eventually aim at benefiting to the IERS Combination Pilot Project.

  6. Dams and water developments

    Treesearch

    Robert H. Schueneman

    1979-01-01

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is involved in the construction and regulation of many activities relating to water resource development. Such activities include dams and reservoirs, channelization and erosion control on rivers and tributaries, and coastal works. These activities can result in an array of visual effects depending on the specific activity type and...

  7. CG-DAMS: Concrete gravity dam stability analysis software

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    CG-DAMS is a finite element based program written specifically for the stability analysis of concrete gravity dams. The code automates the prediction and evaluation of cracking in the dam, along the dam-rock interface, and in the foundation using incremental nonlinear analysis techniques based on the smeared crack'' approach. Its primary application is in the computation of dam-rock interface sliding stability factors of safety. The automated procedure for crack propagation analysis replaces the trial-and-error cracked-base analysis method commonly used in gravity dam safety analyses. This Application manual of CG-DAMS illustrates, through sample problems, the many features of the software. Example problems illustrate the capabilities of both CG-DAMS-PC and CG-DAMS-ABAQUS. CG-DAMS-PC is a menu driven program that runs on 386/486 PCs under the DOS operating system (4 Megabytes RAM, 25 Megabytes of hard disk space). CG-DAMS-ABAQUS is a pre- and post-processor along with a concrete constitutive model and distributed load module that interfaces with the ABAQUS general purpose finite element program. The PC program contains thermal analysis capabilities, a rough crack constitutive model, and an interface to the CRFLOOD software not available with the ABAQUS version. The CG-DAMS-ABAQUS program contains time marching dynamic analysis capabilities not available with the PC program. Example analyses presented include static, pseudo dynamic, and time marching dynamic analyses. The manual also presents sensitivity evaluations on mesh size and foundation material strength. Comparisons are presented between CG-DAMS and gravity method calculations. Comparisons with other finite element software are included for the dynamic time history analyses.

  8. Environmental Assessment : Tumwater Dam and Dryden Dam Fish Passage Projects.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1986-01-01

    Existing fish passage facilities at Tumwater Dam and Dryden Dam currently do not effectively pass the anadromous fish runs in the Wenatchee River. At Tumwater Dam, the proposed action includes the construction of a new fish ladder which will improve water flow characteristics and, subsequently, fish passage. In order to improve fish passage at Dryden Dam, a new fish ladder will be constructed to replace the existing ladder and another ladder will be constructed. The proposed action will supplement mitigation of adverse hydroelectric impacts to the fisheries of the Columbia River basin. The proposal to fund the Tumwater Dam and Dryden Dam Fish Passage facilities does not appear to constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment and would not require an environmental impact statement.

  9. Post Falls Dam stabilization

    SciTech Connect

    Gorny, R.H.; Gibson, J.Z.

    1995-12-31

    The stability of Washington Water Power`s (WWP) Middle Channel and South Channel Dams at Post Falls, Idaho, were evaluated as required by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and did not meet guideline stability criteria under Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) loading. This paper describes the stability analysis, stabilization design, design parameters, construction of the anchors, and compares the design and as-built conditions. Value engineering was used to select the optimal stabilization measure. Constructibility, cost, and schedule were major considerations. The value engineering study evaluated 41 potential stabilization alternatives, selected post tensioning, and used scheduling criteria to optimize the design. Access considerations required the installation of five 47 strand, 7400 kN (1645{sup k}) anchors in the Middle Dam, and installation of six anchors with different capacities anchors in the South Channel Dam. The Washington Water Power - Black & Veatch team used value engineering, contractor prequalification, resident engineering services provided by the engineer, and strong construction support provided by the Owner to successfully complete the project on a very tight schedule.

  10. Dam Failure Planning Report, Winnibigoshish Dam, Mississippi River, Minnesota.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-01-01

    A ̂ 57 231 DAM FAILUR PLANNING R-PORT WINNISIGOSI4IS OAl -- I 7 A1 723 MISSISSIPPI RIVER iINNESO&(US ARMy 1INEIlSIRCI SI LOUIS M0 JAN 85 A,’ F I F D...TSCATALOG NME 4. TITLE (and Subti.) Dam Failure’Planning Report, s. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED Winnibigoshish Dam, Mississippi River , Minnesota 6...safety at Winnibigoshish Dam near Deer River , Minnesota. Discussion is made including computer programs used, routing methods used, assumptions made

  11. Ecohydrology of a Dammed Amazon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Timpe, K. A.; Kaplan, D. A.

    2016-12-01

    The Amazon River watershed is the world's largest river basin and provides >US$30 billion/yr in ecosystem services to local populations, national societies and humanity at large. Construction of >30 large hydroelectric dams and >170 small dams in the Brazilian Amazon is currently underway as a result of governmental plans geared toward increased energy security, economic growth, improved living standards and industrialization. Changes in the Amazon's freshwater ecosystems from the development of hydropower will have a cascade of physical, ecological, and social effects at local to global scales. Here we demonstrate the extensive and large-scale effects of hydroelectric dams in the Amazon region on hydrologic parameters calculated using the Indicators of Hydrologic Alteration (IHA) method applied to 33 small and large dams in the Brazilian Amazon. Our analysis provides the first holistic assessment of hydrological alterations (HA) caused by Amazonian dams and offers insight on the primary physical and management drivers of dam impacts. Across sites, results show that dams have affected all ecologically important flow characteristics (i.e., magnitude, duration, timing, frequency and rate of change of pulse events). While each dam/river system are unique, some dams cause substantially greater HA. The "worst" dams were Balbina (HA=108%), Manso (HA=62%), and Serra da Mesa (HA=48%). All three are "large" dams with substantial reservoirs, however Serra da Mesa produces 6 times more electricity than either Balbina or Manso, with lower impact. The most dramatic dam-induced shifts in hydrologic regime were related to the frequency/duration and frequency/rate of change of pulse events. HA on rivers with multiple dams was only 8% higher than those with individual dams. Dam elevation and reservoir area were the best environmental predictors of HA. Results suggest that hydrological impacts from dams are similar among temperate and tropical climates (i.e., peak flows are often

  12. A new nidovirus (NamDinh virus NDiV): Its ultrastructural characterization in the C6/36 mosquito cell line

    SciTech Connect

    Thuy, Nguyen Thanh; Huy, Tran Quang; Nga, Phan Thi; Morita, Kouichi; Dunia, Irene; Benedetti, Lucio

    2013-09-15

    We describe the ultrastructure of the NamDinh virus (NDiV), a new member of the order Nidovirales grown in the C6/36 mosquito cell line. Uninfected and NDiV-infected cells were investigated by electron microscopy 24–48 h after infection. The results show that the viral nucleocapsid-like particles form clusters concentrated in the vacuoles, the endoplasmic reticulum, and are scattered in the cytoplasm. Mature virions of NDiV were released as budding particles on the cell surface where viral components appear to lie beneath and along the plasma membrane. Free homogeneous virus particles were obtained by ultracentrifugation on sucrose gradients of culture fluids. The size of the round-shaped particles with a complete internal structure was 80 nm in diameter. This is the first study to provide information on the morphogenesis and ultrastructure of the first insect nidovirus NDiV, a missing evolutionary link in the emergence of the viruses with the largest RNA genomes. - Highlights: • NamDinh virus (NDiV), a new member of the order Nidovirales was tested in cultured cell line. • The morphogenesis and ultrastructure of NDiV were investigated by electron microscopy. • The viral nucleocapsid-like particles clustered and scattered in the cytoplasm. • NDiVs were released as budding particles on the cell surface. • The size of the viral particles with a complete internal structure was 80 nm in diameter.

  13. 1000 dams down and counting

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    O'Connor, James E.; Duda, Jeff J.; Grant, Gordon E.

    2015-01-01

    Forty years ago, the demolition of large dams was mostly fiction, notably plotted in Edward Abbey's novel The Monkey Wrench Gang. Its 1975 publication roughly coincided with the end of large-dam construction in the United States. Since then, dams have been taken down in increasing numbers as they have filled with sediment, become unsafe or inefficient, or otherwise outlived their usefulness (1) (see the figure, panel A). Last year's removals of the 64-m-high Glines Canyon Dam and the 32-m-high Elwha Dam in northwestern Washington State were among the largest yet, releasing over 10 million cubic meters of stored sediment. Published studies conducted in conjunction with about 100 U.S. dam removals and at least 26 removals outside the United States are now providing detailed insights into how rivers respond (2, 3).

  14. iDamIDseq and iDEAR: an improved method and computational pipeline to profile chromatin-binding proteins

    PubMed Central

    Gutierrez-Triana, Jose Arturo; Ibberson, David; Ryu, Soojin

    2016-01-01

    DNA adenine methyltransferase identification (DamID) has emerged as an alternative method to profile protein-DNA interactions; however, critical issues limit its widespread applicability. Here, we present iDamIDseq, a protocol that improves specificity and sensitivity by inverting the steps DpnI-DpnII and adding steps that involve a phosphatase and exonuclease. To determine genome-wide protein-DNA interactions efficiently, we present the analysis tool iDEAR (iDamIDseq Enrichment Analysis with R). The combination of DamID and iDEAR permits the establishment of consistent profiles for transcription factors, even in transient assays, as we exemplify using the small teleost medaka (Oryzias latipes). We report that the bacterial Dam-coding sequence induces aberrant splicing when it is used with different promoters to drive tissue-specific expression. Here, we present an optimization of the sequence to avoid this problem. This and our other improvements will allow researchers to use DamID effectively in any organism, in a general or targeted manner. PMID:27707796

  15. iDamIDseq and iDEAR: an improved method and computational pipeline to profile chromatin-binding proteins.

    PubMed

    Gutierrez-Triana, Jose Arturo; Mateo, Juan L; Ibberson, David; Ryu, Soojin; Wittbrodt, Joachim

    2016-11-15

    DNA adenine methyltransferase identification (DamID) has emerged as an alternative method to profile protein-DNA interactions; however, critical issues limit its widespread applicability. Here, we present iDamIDseq, a protocol that improves specificity and sensitivity by inverting the steps DpnI-DpnII and adding steps that involve a phosphatase and exonuclease. To determine genome-wide protein-DNA interactions efficiently, we present the analysis tool iDEAR (iDamIDseq Enrichment Analysis with R). The combination of DamID and iDEAR permits the establishment of consistent profiles for transcription factors, even in transient assays, as we exemplify using the small teleost medaka (Oryzias latipes). We report that the bacterial Dam-coding sequence induces aberrant splicing when it is used with different promoters to drive tissue-specific expression. Here, we present an optimization of the sequence to avoid this problem. This and our other improvements will allow researchers to use DamID effectively in any organism, in a general or targeted manner.

  16. National Dam Safety Program. Lake Stockholm Dam (NJ 00302), Passaic River Basin, Small Branch, Passaic County, New Jersey. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-03-01

    been classified as having “High Hazard Potential” on the basis that failure of the dam would cause excessive property damage to residences downstream...and could potentially cause more than a few deaths. Visual inspection of the downstream area shows that breach of the dam would cause little damage...L ~ .~ tI-, _______ DATE I~ 7 .73 Li. k~~~ L .1 a ’ u s-. JOB NO. ~J’ 7~ ~ p CKD ~~~~) DATE L-bz?~L SHEET NO. ‘ OF ID I- ‘Cz~- I— 0 0 CL

  17. USGS Dam Removal Science Database

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bellmore, J. Ryan; Vittum, Katherine; Duda, Jeff J.; Greene, Samantha L.

    2015-01-01

    This database is the result of an extensive literature search aimed at identifying documents relevant to the emerging field of dam removal science. In total the database contains 179 citations that contain empirical monitoring information associated with 130 different dam removals across the United States and abroad. Data includes publications through 2014 and supplemented with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Inventory of Dams database, U.S. Geological Survey National Water Information System and aerial photos to estimate locations when coordinates were not provided. Publications were located using the Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Clearinghouse for Dam Removal Information.

  18. Health impacts of large dams

    SciTech Connect

    Lerer, L.B.; Scudder, T.

    1999-03-01

    Large dams have been criticized because of their negative environmental and social impacts. Public health interest largely has focused on vector-borne diseases, such as schistosomiasis, associated with reservoirs and irrigation projects. Large dams also influence health through changes in water and food security, increases in communicable diseases, and the social disruption caused by construction and involuntary resettlement. Communities living in close proximity to large dams often do not benefit from water transfer and electricity generation revenues. A comprehensive health component is required in environmental and social impact assessments for large dam projects.

  19. R&D100: IC ID

    SciTech Connect

    Hamlet, Jason; Pierson, Lyndon; Bauer, Todd

    2015-11-19

    Supply chain security to detect, deter, and prevent the counterfeiting of networked and stand-alone integrated circuits (ICs) is critical to cyber security. Sandia National Laboratory researchers have developed IC ID to leverage Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) and strong cryptographic authentication to create a unique fingerprint for each integrated circuit. IC ID assures the authenticity of ICs to prevent tampering or malicious substitution.

  20. R&D100: IC ID

    ScienceCinema

    Hamlet, Jason; Pierson, Lyndon; Bauer, Todd

    2016-07-12

    Supply chain security to detect, deter, and prevent the counterfeiting of networked and stand-alone integrated circuits (ICs) is critical to cyber security. Sandia National Laboratory researchers have developed IC ID to leverage Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) and strong cryptographic authentication to create a unique fingerprint for each integrated circuit. IC ID assures the authenticity of ICs to prevent tampering or malicious substitution.

  1. War damages and reconstruction of Peruca dam

    SciTech Connect

    Nonveiller, E.; Rupcic, J. |; Sever, Z.

    1999-04-01

    The paper describes the heavy damages caused by blasting in the Peruca rockfill dam in Croatia in January 1993. Complete collapse of the dam by overtopping was prevented through quick action of the dam owner by dumping clayey gravel on the lowest sections of the dam crest and opening the bottom outlet of the reservoir, thus efficiently lowering the water level. After the damages were sufficiently established and alternatives for restoration of the dam were evaluated, it was decided to construct a diaphragm wall through the damaged core in the central dam part as the impermeable dam element and to rebuild the central clay core at the dam abutments. Reconstruction works are described.

  2. 6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND FOR MONITORING MOVEMENT OF DAM AND EARTH. - Gene Wash Reservoir & Dam, 2 miles west of Parker Dam, Parker Dam, San Bernardino County, CA

  3. Synthesizing Studies of Dam Removal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Connor, Jim; East, Amy

    2014-10-01

    Dam decommissioning is rapidly emerging as an important river restoration strategy in the United States. Hundreds of dams have been removed in the past few decades, including several large ones (>10-15 meters) impounding large sediment volumes (>106 cubic meters) in the past 3 years, notably Condit Dam and the Elwha River dams in Washington State. These removals and the associated studies provide for the first time an opportunity to evaluate the immediate and persistent consequences of these significant fluvial—and in some cases, coastal—perturbations. Understanding dam removal response not only improves understanding of landscape and ecosystem adjustment to profound sediment pulses but also provides important lessons for future watershed restoration efforts.

  4. Geotechnical practice in dam rehabilitation

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, L.R.

    1993-01-01

    This proceedings, Geotechnical Practice in Dam Rehabilitation, consists of papers presented at the Specialty Conference sponsored by the Geotechnical Engineering Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers held in Raleigh, North Carolina, April 25-28, 1993. The conference provided a forum for the discussion of the rehabilitation of dams, including case histories and current geotechnical practice. The topics covered by this proceeding include: (1) inspection and monitoring of dams; (2) investigation and evaluation of dams and foundations; (3) risk and reliability assessment; (4) increasing reservoir capacity, spillway modifications and overtopping; (5) seepage control; (6) improving stability of dams, foundations and reservoir slopes; (7) rehabilitation for seismic stability; and (8) geosynthetics and ground improvement techniques.

  5. Caenorhabditis elegans expressing the Saccharomyces cerevisiae NADH alternative dehydrogenase Ndi1p, as a tool to identify new genes involved in complex I related diseases

    PubMed Central

    Cossard, Raynald; Esposito, Michela; Sellem, Carole H.; Pitayu, Laras; Vasnier, Christelle; Delahodde, Agnès; Dassa, Emmanuel P.

    2015-01-01

    Isolated complex I deficiencies are one of the most commonly observed biochemical features in patients suffering from mitochondrial disorders. In the majority of these clinical cases the molecular bases of the diseases remain unknown suggesting the involvement of unidentified factors that are critical for complex I function. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae NDI1 gene, encoding the mitochondrial internal NADH dehydrogenase was previously shown to complement a complex I deficient strain in Caenorhabditis elegans with notable improvements in reproduction and whole organism respiration. These features indicate that Ndi1p can functionally integrate the respiratory chain, allowing complex I deficiency complementation. Taking into account the Ndi1p ability to bypass complex I, we evaluate the possibility to extend the range of defects/mutations causing complex I deficiencies that can be alleviated by NDI1 expression. We report here that NDI1 expressing animals unexpectedly exhibit a slightly shortened lifespan, a reduction in the progeny, and a depletion of the mitochondrial genome. However, Ndi1p is expressed and targeted to the mitochondria as a functional protein that confers rotenone resistance to those animals without affecting their respiration rate and ATP content. We show that the severe embryonic lethality level caused by the RNAi knockdowns of complex I structural subunit encoding genes (e.g., NDUFV1, NDUFS1, NDUFS6, NDUFS8, or GRIM-19 human orthologs) in wild type animals is significantly reduced in the Ndi1p expressing worm. All together these results open up the perspective to identify new genes involved in complex I function, assembly, or regulation by screening an RNAi library of genes leading to embryonic lethality that should be rescued by NDI1 expression. PMID:26124772

  6. ID-based encryption scheme with revocation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Othman, Hafizul Azrie; Ismail, Eddie Shahril

    2017-04-01

    In 2015, Meshram proposed an efficient ID-based cryptographic encryption based on the difficulty of solving discrete logarithm and integer-factoring problems. The scheme was pairing free and claimed to be secure against adaptive chosen plaintext attacks (CPA). Later, Tan et al. proved that the scheme was insecure by presenting a method to recover the secret master key and to obtain prime factorization of modulo n. In this paper, we propose a new pairing-free ID-based encryption scheme with revocation based on Meshram's ID-based encryption scheme, which is also secure against Tan et al.'s attacks.

  7. Charge-transfer complexations of 1, n-di(9-ethylcarbazol-3-yl)alkanes with tetracyanoethylene and tetranitromethane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asker, Erol; Masnovi, John

    2009-01-01

    1, n-Di(9-ethylcarbazol-3-yl)alkanes, where n = 1-5, as the dichromophoric model compounds of poly-3-vinylcarbazoles were synthesized to examine their complexation behaviors with the electron acceptors tetracyanoethylene (TCNE) and tetranitromethane (TNM). 9,9'-Diethyl-3,3'-dicarbazolyl, di(3-ethylcarbazol-9-yl)methane, and three monomeric analogues were also included for comparison. In dichloromethane solution, the dicarbazoles formed stable 1:1 electron donor-acceptor complexes with TCNE having formation enthalpies around -3.5 kcal/mol. With TNM they formed more weakly bound complexes that showed little dependence on concentration and almost zero dependence on temperature changes having nearly 0 kcal/mol enthalpies of formation. The smaller gap between the two carbazole groups in 1, n-di(9-ethylcarbazol-3-yl)alkanes with n ≤ 2 affected complexation adversely, while such an effect was not observed in the dicarbazoles with n ≥ 3.

  8. K/FAST - The U.S. Army's NDI multi-purpose Ku-band fly-away Satcom terminal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelly, Alexander J.; Bernard, Robert A.; Stevens, Peter E.; D'Alessandro, Maryann

    1992-03-01

    Attention is given to K/FAST, a NDI multi-purpose Ku-band fly-away Satcom terminal, and the ways in which it epitomizes current trends in military C3I. K/FAST is a state-of-the-art, all solid-state Ku-band terminal providing medium data rate (less than T1) capability. It is designed to accept a GFE bulk encryptor, and includes a multiplexer subsystem with plug-in jacks for secure or nonsecure phones. The multiplexer is reconfigurable, in the field, and permits a mix of compressed voice, data, facsimile, and compressed video. It is demonstrated that off-the-shelf state-of-the-art NDI hardware can be integrated to meet military mission requirements while bypassing the typical multiyear DOD research-and-development cycle.

  9. Economic aspects of hydro geological risk mitigation measures management in Italy: the ReNDiS project experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spizzichino, D.; Campobasso, C.; Gallozzi, P. L.; Dessi', B.; Traversa, F.

    2009-04-01

    ReNDiS project is a useful tool for monitoring, analysis and management of information data on mitigation measures and restoration works of soil protection at national scale. The main scope of the project, and related monitoring activities, is to improve the knowledge about the use of national funds and efforts against floods and landslides risk and, as a consequence, to better address the preventive policies in future. Since 1999 after the disastrous mudflow event occurred in Sarno in 1998, which caused the loss of 160 human lives, an extraordinary effort was conducted by the Italian Government in order to promote preventive measures against the hydro geological risk over the entire Italian territory. The Italian Ministry for the Environment promoted several and annual soil protection programmes. The ReNDiS project (Repertory of mitigation measures for National Soil Protection) is carried out by ISPRA - Institute for Environmental protection and Research, with the aim of improving the knowledge about the results of preventive policies against floods and landslides in order to better address national funds as requested by the Minister itself. The repertory is composed by a main archive and two secondary interface, the first for direct data management (ReNDiS-ist) and the latter (ReNDiS-web) for the on-line access and public consultation. At present, ReNDiS database contains about 3000 records concerning those programmes, focused on restoration works but including also information on landslide typologies and processes. The monitoring project is developed taking into account all the information about each step of every mitigation measure from the initial funding phase until the end of the work. During present work, we have statistically analyzed the ReNDiS database in order to highlight the conformity between the characteristic and type of the hazard (identified in a specific area) and the corresponding mitigation measures adopted for risk reduction. Through specific

  10. One ID to rule them all

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2017-06-01

    Some Springer Nature journals, including Nature Physics, are mandating Open Researcher and Contributor IDs (ORCIDs) for the corresponding authors of accepted papers. We provide some context to this initiative.

  11. Three Gorges Dam, China

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2002-07-25

    This ASTER image shows a 60 km stretch of the Yangtze River in China, including the Xiling Gorge, the eastern of the three gorges. In the left part of the image is the construction site of the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest. This image was acquired on July 20, 2000 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA03852

  12. 7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Dam safety. 1724.55 Section 1724.55 Agriculture... § 1724.55 Dam safety. (a) The provisions of this section apply only to RUS financed electric system... for Dam Safety,”(Guidelines), as applicable. A dam, as more fully defined in the Guidelines,...

  13. 7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Dam safety. 1724.55 Section 1724.55 Agriculture... § 1724.55 Dam safety. (a) The provisions of this section apply only to RUS financed electric system... for Dam Safety,”(Guidelines), as applicable. A dam, as more fully defined in the Guidelines,...

  14. 7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Dam safety. 1724.55 Section 1724.55 Agriculture... § 1724.55 Dam safety. (a) The provisions of this section apply only to RUS financed electric system... for Dam Safety,”(Guidelines), as applicable. A dam, as more fully defined in the Guidelines,...

  15. 7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Dam safety. 1724.55 Section 1724.55 Agriculture... § 1724.55 Dam safety. (a) The provisions of this section apply only to RUS financed electric system... for Dam Safety,”(Guidelines), as applicable. A dam, as more fully defined in the Guidelines,...

  16. Is it worth a dam?

    PubMed Central

    Joyce, S

    1997-01-01

    Once a sign of modernization and growth, dams are often seen today as symbols of environmental and social devastation. Over 800,000 dams have been built worldwide to provide drinking water, flood control, hydropower, irrigation, navigation, and water storage. Dams do indeed provide these things,but at the cost of several adverse, unexpected effects: disruption of ecosystems, decline of fish stocks, forced human and animal resettlements, and diseases such as malaria, which are borne by vectors that thrive in quiet waters. PMID:9349830

  17. Deer Creek Dam, Dam, 1,204 feet/238 degrees from intersection of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Deer Creek Dam, Dam, 1,204 feet/238 degrees from intersection of dam complex access road and U.S. Highway 189 to center of dam, 874 feet/352 degrees from Hydroelectric Powerplant (HAER UT-93-B) to center of dam, Charleston, Wasatch County, UT

  18. To ID or not to ID? Changes in classification rates of intellectual disability using DSM-5.

    PubMed

    Papazoglou, Aimilia; Jacobson, Lisa A; McCabe, Marie; Kaufmann, Walter; Zabel, T Andrew

    2014-06-01

    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for intellectual disability (ID) include a change to the definition of adaptive impairment. New criteria require impairment in one adaptive domain rather than two or more skill areas. The authors examined the diagnostic implications of using a popular adaptive skill inventory, the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-Second Edition, with 884 clinically referred children (ages 6-16). One hundred sixty-six children met DSM-IV-TR criteria for ID; significantly fewer (n  =  151, p  =  .001) met ID criteria under DSM-5 (9% decrease). Implementation of DSM-5 criteria for ID may substantively change the rate of ID diagnosis. These findings highlight the need for a combination of psychometric assessment and clinical judgment when implementing the adaptive deficits component of the DSM-5 criteria for ID diagnosis.

  19. FORMATION AND FAILURE OF NATURAL DAMS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Costa, John E.; Schuster, Robert L.

    1988-01-01

    Of the numerous kinds of dams that form by natural processes, dams formed from landslides, glacial ice, and late-neoglacial moraines present the greatest threat to people and property. Landslide dams form a wide range of physiographic settings. The most common types of mass movements that form landslide dams are rock and debris avalanches; rock and soil slumps and slides; and mud, debris, and earth flows. The most common initiation mechanisms for dam-forming landslides are excessive rainfall and snowmelt and earthquakes. Natural dams may cause upstream flooding as the lake rises and downstream flooding as a result of failure of the dam. Although data are few, for the same potential energy at the dam site, downstream flood peaks from the failure of glacier-ice dams are smaller than those from landslide, moraine, and constructed earth-fill and rock-fill dam failures.

  20. Photophysical study of P3HT/NDI based hybrid nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satapathi, Soumitra; Rahaman Molla, Mijanur; Bhattacharyya, Santanu; Ghosh, Suhrit; Patra, Amitava

    2014-11-01

    Electron donor-acceptor based hybrid novel structure remains a frontier area of research to design optoelectronic, photovoltaic, and light harvesting devices. Here, we report the synthesis of interdyad and intradyad nanoparticles by using the electron donating polymer Poly-3-(hexylthiophine)) (P3HT) and the electron accepting molecule 1, 4, 5, 8 naphthalene tetracarboxylic diimide (NDI). The intradyad nanostructures are fabricated in situ by adding donor and acceptor molecules simultaneously whereas interdyad nanoparticles are fabricated by attaching the donor and acceptor nanoparticles electrostatically. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) confirms the segmental motion of the polymer chain and the uniform packing in intradyad nanostructures which is absent in the interdyad system. The photoluminescence quenching and the shortening of decay time of the excited state of the donor molecule were observed with increasing the concentration of acceptor molecule in the intradyad system which is attributed to the photoinduced electron transfer from donor to the acceptor molecule. However, in the case of the interdyad system, the change in photoluminescence quenching and the decay time is less significant due to different photophysical processes. Supplementary material in the form of one pdf file available from the Journal web page at http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjd/e2014-50328-7

  1. Inhibitor of differentiation 4 (ID4): From development to cancer.

    PubMed

    Patel, Divya; Morton, Derrick J; Carey, Jason; Havrda, Mathew C; Chaudhary, Jaideep

    2015-01-01

    Highly conserved Inhibitors of DNA-Binding (ID1-ID4) genes encode multi-functional proteins whose transcriptional activity is based on dominant negative inhibition of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors. Initial animal models indicated a degree of compensatory overlap between ID genes such that deletion of multiple ID genes was required to generate easily recognizable phenotypes. More recently, new model systems have revealed alterations in mice harboring deletions in single ID genes suggesting complex gene and tissue specific functions for members of the ID gene family. Because ID genes are highly expressed during development and their function is associated with a primitive, proliferative cellular phenotype there has been significant interest in understanding their potential roles in neoplasia. Indeed, numerous studies indicate an oncogenic function for ID1, ID2 and ID3. In contrast, the inhibitor of differentiation 4 (ID4) presents a paradigm shift in context of well-established role of ID1, ID2 and ID3 in development and cancer. Apart from some degree of functional redundancy such as HLH dependent interactions with bHLH protein E2A, many of the functions of ID4 are distinct from ID1, ID2 and ID3: ID4 proteins a) regulate distinct developmental processes and tissue expression in the adult, b) promote stem cell survival, differentiation and/or timing of differentiation, c) epigenetic inactivation/loss of expression in several advanced stage cancers and d) increased expression in some cancers such as those arising in the breast and ovary. Thus, in spite of sharing the conserved HLH domain, ID4 defies the established model of ID protein function and expression. The underlying molecular mechanism responsible for the unique role of ID4 as compared to other ID proteins still remains largely un-explored. This review will focus on the current understanding of ID4 in context of development and cancer.

  2. Id-1 and Id-2 genes and products as markers of epithelial cancer

    DOEpatents

    Desprez, Pierre-Yves [El Cerrito, CA; Campisi, Judith [Berkeley, CA

    2011-10-04

    A method for detection and prognosis of breast cancer and other types of cancer. The method comprises detecting expression, if any, for both an Id-1 and an Id-2 genes, or the ratio thereof, of gene products in samples of breast tissue obtained from a patient. When expressed, Id-1 gene is a prognostic indicator that breast cancer cells are invasive and metastatic, whereas Id-2 gene is a prognostic indicator that breast cancer cells are localized and noninvasive in the breast tissue.

  3. Id-1 and Id-2 genes and products as markers of epithelial cancer

    DOEpatents

    Desprez, Pierre-Yves; Campisi, Judith

    2008-09-30

    A method for detection and prognosis of breast cancer and other types of cancer. The method comprises detecting expression, if any, for both an Id-1 and an Id-2 genes, or the ratio thereof, of gene products in samples of breast tissue obtained from a patient. When expressed, Id-1 gene is a prognostic indicator that breast cancer cells are invasive and metastatic, whereas Id-2 gene is a prognostic indicator that breast cancer cells are localized and noninvasive in the breast tissue.

  4. Concrete gravity dam stability analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Morris, D.

    1992-09-01

    Under Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) guidelines, dam owners must evaluate the stability of their structures every five years. Because traditional approaches typically yield overly conservative stability estimates, EPRI sponsored the development of a computer code, CG-DAMS, to provide more-realistic assessments that reflect site-specific conditions. This finite-element code-which is available in mainframe, workstation, and personal computer versions-can be used to predict crack growth, shear, and stress under a variety of loads.

  5. Structural Stability Evaluation, Pokegama Dam.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    rock - filled timber crib construction; the original structure was essentially replaced in 1903 by a new timber and concrete structure. Construction after...1279.27. Pertinent dam data are given in Table 1. 5 Structure evolution 8. Reconstruction in 1903. Because the original structure was of timber and rock ...were the timber sluiceway floor aprons and the rock -filled timber cribs in the embankment at each end of the dam. The left and right cribs are 50 and

  6. "U.S. Reclamation Service, Grand River Dam, topographical map of dam ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    "U.S. Reclamation Service, Grand River Dam, topographical map of dam site and construction plant. September 15, 1914." - Grand Valley Diversion Dam, Half a mile north of intersection of I-70 & Colorado State Route 65, Cameo, Mesa County, CO

  7. Elwha River Riparian Vegetation Response to Dams and Dam Removal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafroth, P. B.; Brown, R. L.; Clausen, A. J.; Chenoweth, J.

    2012-12-01

    Riparian vegetation is highly diverse and influences habitat of aquatic and terrestrial wildlife. Riparian vegetation dynamics are driven by stream flow regime, and fluxes of sediment and large woody debris, all of which can be altered by river damming. Dam removal is often implemented, in part, to help restore degraded riparian vegetation by reversing the alteration of these key drivers. However, increased disturbance and sediment flux associated with transport and exposure of trapped reservoir sediment can complicate a simple return to pre-dam conditions and can favor exotic species. We are studying the effects of dams and their removal on riparian vegetation along the Elwha River in Washington State, where removal of two large dams began in September 2011. To characterize vegetation composition, structure, and diversity prior to dam removal, we sampled 60-150 vegetation plots in 2004, 2005, and 2010 along five cross-valley transects in each of three river reaches: above both dams (upper reach), between the dams (middle reach), and downstream of both dams (lower reach). In summer 2012, we resampled a subset of our plots in the lower and middle reaches to evaluate vegetation and geomorphic change. We also sampled vegetation, topography, and grain size along newly-established transects within the exposed former reservoir behind Elwha Dam, which was removed in 2011 and 2012. Plant community distribution on bottomland geomorphic surfaces along the Elwha is typical of other systems in the region. We identified 8 overstory and 26 understory communities using multivariate analyses. Young bar surfaces (5-20 yrs) were dominated by willow, red alder, and black cottonwood. Floodplains and transitional fluvial terraces (<90yrs) were generally dominated by alder and cottonwood. Mature terraces (>90yrs) were often dominated by big-leaf maple. Douglas fir occurred on both young and old floodplains and terraces. Overstory species composition was more stable from 2005 to 2010

  8. Full-Scale Structural and NDI Validation Tests of Bonded Composite Doublers for Commercial Aircraft Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Roach, D.; Walkington, P.

    1999-02-01

    Composite doublers, or repair patches, provide an innovative repair technique which can enhance the way aircraft are maintained. Instead of riveting multiple steel or aluminum plates to facilitate an aircraft repair, it is possible to bond a single Boron-Epoxy composite doubler to the damaged structure. Most of the concerns surrounding composite doubler technology pertain to long-term survivability, especially in the presence of non-optimum installations, and the validation of appropriate inspection procedures. This report focuses on a series of full-scale structural and nondestructive inspection (NDI) tests that were conducted to investigate the performance of Boron-Epoxy composite doublers. Full-scale tests were conducted on fuselage panels cut from retired aircraft. These full-scale tests studied stress reductions, crack mitigation, and load transfer capabilities of composite doublers using simulated flight conditions of cabin pressure and axial stress. Also, structures which modeled key aspects of aircraft structure repairs were subjected to extreme tension, shear and bending loads to examine the composite laminate's resistance to disbond and delamination flaws. Several of the structures were loaded to failure in order to determine doubler design margins. Nondestructive inspections were conducted throughout the test series in order to validate appropriate techniques on actual aircraft structure. The test results showed that a properly designed and installed composite doubler is able to enhance fatigue life, transfer load away from damaged structure, and avoid the introduction of new stress risers (i.e. eliminate global reduction in the fatigue life of the structure). Comparisons with test data obtained prior to the doubler installation revealed that stresses in the parent material can be reduced 30%--60% through the use of the composite doubler. Tests to failure demonstrated that the bondline is able to transfer plastic strains into the doubler and that the

  9. The nuclear genes encoding the internal (KlNDI1) and external (KlNDE1) alternative NAD(P)H:ubiquinone oxidoreductases of mitochondria from Kluyveromyces lactis.

    PubMed

    Tarrío, N; Díaz Prado, S; Cerdán, M E; González Siso, M I

    2005-01-01

    Cloning, sequence and functional analyses of the Kluyveromyces lactis genes KlNDI1 and KlNDE1 are reported. These genes encode for proteins with high homology to the mitochondrial internal (Ndi1p) and external (Nde1p) alternative NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductases from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and complement the respective mutations. Analysis of KlNDI1 transcriptional regulation showed that expression of this gene is lower in 2% glucose than in 0.5% glucose or non-fermentable carbon sources. Beta-galactosidase activity values, shown by lacZ fusions of KlNDI1 promoter deletions, suggested that two Adr1p binding sites mediate this carbon source regulation of KlNDI1. The expression of the KlNDE1 gene in S. cerevisiae mutant strains and measurement of respiration with isolated mitochondria showed that the protein encoded by KlNDE1 oxidizes NADPH, this being an important difference with respect to the conventional yeast S. cerevisiae. Moreover, Northern blot experiments using a phosphoglucose isomerase mutant showed that KlNDE1 gene transcription increases with glucose metabolism through the pentose phosphate pathway.

  10. Damming the rivers of the Amazon basin.

    PubMed

    Latrubesse, Edgardo M; Arima, Eugenio Y; Dunne, Thomas; Park, Edward; Baker, Victor R; d'Horta, Fernando M; Wight, Charles; Wittmann, Florian; Zuanon, Jansen; Baker, Paul A; Ribas, Camila C; Norgaard, Richard B; Filizola, Naziano; Ansar, Atif; Flyvbjerg, Bent; Stevaux, Jose C

    2017-06-14

    More than a hundred hydropower dams have already been built in the Amazon basin and numerous proposals for further dam constructions are under consideration. The accumulated negative environmental effects of existing dams and proposed dams, if constructed, will trigger massive hydrophysical and biotic disturbances that will affect the Amazon basin's floodplains, estuary and sediment plume. We introduce a Dam Environmental Vulnerability Index to quantify the current and potential impacts of dams in the basin. The scale of foreseeable environmental degradation indicates the need for collective action among nations and states to avoid cumulative, far-reaching impacts. We suggest institutional innovations to assess and avoid the likely impoverishment of Amazon rivers.

  11. Damming the rivers of the Amazon basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Latrubesse, Edgardo M.; Arima, Eugenio Y.; Dunne, Thomas; Park, Edward; Baker, Victor R.; D'Horta, Fernando M.; Wight, Charles; Wittmann, Florian; Zuanon, Jansen; Baker, Paul A.; Ribas, Camila C.; Norgaard, Richard B.; Filizola, Naziano; Ansar, Atif; Flyvbjerg, Bent; Stevaux, Jose C.

    2017-06-01

    More than a hundred hydropower dams have already been built in the Amazon basin and numerous proposals for further dam constructions are under consideration. The accumulated negative environmental effects of existing dams and proposed dams, if constructed, will trigger massive hydrophysical and biotic disturbances that will affect the Amazon basin’s floodplains, estuary and sediment plume. We introduce a Dam Environmental Vulnerability Index to quantify the current and potential impacts of dams in the basin. The scale of foreseeable environmental degradation indicates the need for collective action among nations and states to avoid cumulative, far-reaching impacts. We suggest institutional innovations to assess and avoid the likely impoverishment of Amazon rivers.

  12. Floods from tailings dam failures.

    PubMed

    Rico, M; Benito, G; Díez-Herrero, A

    2008-06-15

    This paper compiles the available information on historic tailings dam failures with the purpose to establish simple correlations between tailings ponds geometric parameters (e.g., dam height, tailings volume) and the hydraulic characteristics of floods resulting from released tailings. Following the collapse of a mining waste dam, only a part of tailings and polluted water stored at the dam is released, and this outflow volume is difficult to estimate prior the incident. In this study, tailings' volume stored at the time of failure was shown to have a good correlation (r2=0.86) with the tailings outflow volume, and the volume of spilled tailings was correlated with its run-out distance (r2=0.57). An envelope curve was drawn encompassing the majority of data points indicating the potential maximum downstream distance affected by a tailings' spill. The application of the described regression equations for prediction purposes needs to be treated with caution and with support of on-site measurement and observations. However, they may provide a universal baseline approximation on tailing outflow characteristics (even if detailed dam information is unavailable), which is of a great importance for risk analysis purposes.

  13. Personal computer accelerates dam analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Slopek, R.J. )

    1991-12-01

    Analyzing the stability of a dam can require several months of calculations - depending upon the number of dam cross sections and the variety of loadings that are studied. Monenco Consultants Limited, an engineering firm with its head office in Calgary, Alberta, has evaluated the safety of existing dams at more than 40 water resource developments in the last 20 years. Realizing the complexity of these evaluations, Monenco engineers were interested in developing techniques that would reduce the hours of professional time required for stability calculations, and therefore the cost to the dams owners. The firm eventually developed a microcomputer program for its engineers to use in the stability analysis of concrete gravity dams and two spread-sheets to use with the program for analyzing uplift and internal stresses. Using the computer programs cuts man-hours spent in analysis by about 75 percent and reduces the possibility of error in multiple calculations. Ultimately, the programs allow the engineer to spend more time in detailed analysis of a structure during a safety evaluation and less time performing tedious calculations.

  14. 75 FR 45682 - Idaho Disaster #ID-00010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-03

    ... ADMINISTRATION Idaho Disaster ID-00010 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This... State of Idaho (FEMA-1927- DR), dated 07/27/2010. Incident: Severe storms and flooding. Incident Period... Counties: Adams, Gem, Idaho, Lewis, Payette, Valley, Washington. The Interest Rates are: Percent For...

  15. 76 FR 31388 - Idaho Disaster #ID-00014

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ... ADMINISTRATION Idaho Disaster ID-00014 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This... State of Idaho (FEMA-- 1987--DR), dated 05/20/2011. Incident: Flooding, landslides, and mudslides... Counties: Bonner, Clearwater, Idaho, Nez Perce, Shoshone, Nez Perce Tribe. The Interest Rates are: Percent...

  16. Suggested References. PACE I.D. Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergson, Rita

    During the course of the PACE I.D. Center Project, 1966-1969, staff members recorded references that they felt contributed to the general knowledge of the prevention of learning and behavior problems. More specifically, those references that implied concern for the child in his total environment were considered most relevant. The references are…

  17. What Is "Real-World" ID Anyway?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardre, Patricia L.

    2013-01-01

    The term "real-world ID" is commonly heard at professional conferences, but its meaning is assumed rather than defined. Unless we examine the meanings and implications of rhetoric of the field, we risk error in presenting ourselves, and we risk derailing the progress of our profession. This article examines the term "real world" as applied to…

  18. OVERALL VIEW OF CASCADE CANAL COMPANY CRIB DAM, LOOKING UPSTREAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    OVERALL VIEW OF CASCADE CANAL COMPANY CRIB DAM, LOOKING UPSTREAM FROM DIRECTION OF KACHESS DAM. VIEW TO NORTH - Kachess Dam, 1904 Cascade Canal Company Crib Dam, Kachess River, 1.5 miles north of Interstate 90, Easton, Kittitas County, WA

  19. 17. VIEW OF MAIN AND DIVERSION DAMS FROM WATERGATE AFTER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. VIEW OF MAIN AND DIVERSION DAMS FROM WATER-GATE AFTER REMOVAL OF DRIFTWOOD. DIVERSION DAM IN LEFT FOREGROUND, MAIN DAM TO THE RIGHT. Photographed July 18, 1938. - Forge Creek Dam-John Cable Mill, Townsend, Blount County, TN

  20. Selection of starter cultures for idli batter fermentation and their effect on quality of idlis.

    PubMed

    Sridevi, J; Halami, Prakash M; Vijayendra, S V N

    2010-10-01

    Idli batter samples were prepared using lactic starter cultures like Pediococcus pentosaceus (Pp), Enterococcus faecium MTCC 5153 (Ef), Ent. faecium (IB2 Ef-IB2), individually, along with the yeast culture, Candida versatilis (Cv). Idli batter prepared using Ef and Ef-IB2 cultures gave better results, when evaluated for the rise in batter volume (80 ml), level of CO2 production (23.8%), titratable acidity 2.4-3.5% (lactic acid) and pH 4.3-4.4. Storage stability of batter made with selected starter cultures was determined by analyzing the idlis prepared using the batter stored for 1 and 5 days for texture, nutrient composition and sensory quality. Slight variations in the results were seen among the idlis of different combination of cultures, whereas these results are better than that of the idlis made using naturally fermented idli batter. Sensory profile of idlis prepared using starter cultures had a higher score (3.9-4.4) compared to the control (3.6) for overall acceptability.

  1. Unshielded and Shielded Facility Nondestructive Inspection (NDI) Radiation Protection Survey for F.S. Gabreski ANGB, NY

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-06

    an area controlled by the NDI section and where workers have completed ALARA training. bMax Dose Estimate for 1 h = (Net Reading in mR/h...completed ALARA training. bMax Dose Estimate for 1 h = (Net Reading in mR/h)*[Exposure Duration (h)]. cAnnual Dose Estimate = (Net Reading (mR/h...RSO provided ALARA training (T.O. 33B-1-1, 6.8.2.1) 3. Ensure personnel are removed during exposures 4. Survey

  2. Three Gorges Dam, China

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This ASTER image shows a 60 km stretch of the Yangtze River in China, including the Xiling Gorge, the eastern of the three gorges. In the left part of the image is the construction site of the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest.

    This image was acquired on July 20, 2000 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

    ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, a long-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.

    The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

    Size: 60 x 24 km (36 x 15 miles) Location: 30.6 deg. North lat., 111.2 deg. East long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER

  3. Three Gorges Dam, China

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This ASTER image shows a 60 km stretch of the Yangtze River in China, including the Xiling Gorge, the eastern of the three gorges. In the left part of the image is the construction site of the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest.

    This image was acquired on July 20, 2000 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

    ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, a long-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.

    The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

    Size: 60 x 24 km (36 x 15 miles) Location: 30.6 deg. North lat., 111.2 deg. East long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER

  4. 97. DAM OPERATING HOUSE WALL SECTION & MISCELLANEOUS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    97. DAM - OPERATING HOUSE - WALL SECTION & MISCELLANEOUS DETAIL (ML-8-41/2-FS) June 1935 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  5. 105. DAM TAINTER GATE SUBMERGIBLE SECTION & ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    105. DAM - TAINTER GATE - SUBMERGIBLE - SECTION & ELEVATION (ML-8-48/8-FS) June 1935 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  6. 103. DAM TAINTER GATE NONSUBMERGIBLE SECTION & ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    103. DAM - TAINTER GATE - NON-SUBMERGIBLE - SECTION & ELEVATION (ML-8-48/1-FS) June 1935 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  7. 102. DAM TAINTER GATE SUBMERGIBLE DESIGN DATA ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    102. DAM - TAINTER GATE - SUBMERGIBLE - DESIGN DATA - CHANNEL RIBS (ML-8-48/C-FS) June 1935 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  8. Have Large Dams Altered Extreme Precipitation Patterns?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hossain, Faisal; Jeyachandran, Indumathi; Pielke, Roger

    2009-12-01

    Dams and their impounded waters are among the most common civil infrastructures, with a long heritage of modern design and operations experience. In particular, large dams, defined by the International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) as having a height greater than 15 meters from the foundation and holding a reservoir volume of more than 3 million cubic meters, have the potential to vastly transform local climate, landscapes, regional economics, and urbanization patterns. In the United States alone, about 75,000 dams are capable of storing a volume of water equaling almost 1 year's mean runoff of the nation [Graf, 1999]. The World Commission on Dams (WCD) reports that at least 45,000 large dams have been built worldwide since the 1930s. These sheer numbers raise the question of the extent to which large dams and their impounded waters alter patterns that would have been pervasive had the dams not been built.

  9. The Dramatic Methods of Hans van Dam.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van de Water, Manon

    1994-01-01

    Interprets for the American reader the untranslated dramatic methods of Hans van Dam, a leading drama theorist in the Netherlands. Discusses the functions of drama as a method, closed dramatic methods, open dramatic methods, and applying van Dam's methods. (SR)

  10. Id-1, Id-2, and Id-3 co-expression correlates with prognosis in stage I and II lung adenocarcinoma patients treated with surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Antonângelo, Leila; Tuma, Taila; Fabro, Alexandre; Acencio, Milena; Terra, Ricardo; Parra, Edwin; Vargas, Francisco; Takagaki, Teresa; Capelozzi, Vera

    2016-06-01

    Inhibitors of DNA binding/inhibitors of differentiation (Id) protein family have been shown to be involved in carcinogenesis. However, the roles of Id during lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) progression remain unclear. Eighty-eight ADC samples were evaluated for Id-1,2,3 level and angiogenesis (CD 34 and VEGF microvessel density) by immunohistochemistry and morphometry. The impact of these markers was tested on follow-up until death or recurrence. A significant difference between tumor and normal tissue was found for Id-1,2,3 expression (P < 0.01). In addition, high levels of nuclear Id-1 were associated with higher angiogenesis in the tumor stroma (P < 0.01). Equally significant was the association between patients in T1-stage and low cytoplasmic Id-2, as well as patients in stage-IIb and low Id-3. High cytoplasm Id-3 expression was also directly associated to lymph nodes metastasis (P = 0.05). Patients at stages I to III, with low Id-1 and Id-3 cytoplasm histoscores showed significant long metastasis-free survival time than those with high Id-1 or Id-3 expression (P = 0.04). Furthermore, high MVD-CD34 and MVD-VEGF expression were associated with short recurrence-free survival compared to low MVD-CD34 and MVD-VEGF expressions (P = 0.04). Cox model analyses controlled for age, lymph node metastasis, and adjuvant treatments showed that nuclear Id-1, cytoplasmic Id-3, and MVD-CD34 were significantly associated with survival time. Median score for nuclear Id-1 and cytoplasmic Id-3 divided patients in two groups, being that those with increased Id-1 and Id-3 presented higher risk of death. Ids showed an independent prognostic value in patients with lung ADC, regardless of disease stage. Id-1 and Id-3 should be considered new target candidates in the development of personalized therapy in lung ADC.

  11. WinDAM C earthen embankment internal erosion analysis software

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Two primary causes of dam failure are overtopping and internal erosion. For the purpose of evaluating dam safety for existing earthen embankment dams and proposed earthen embankment dams, Windows Dam Analysis Modules C (WinDAM C) software will simulate either internal erosion or erosion resulting f...

  12. Arch dam of the Khudoni hydroelectric station

    SciTech Connect

    Dzhakeli, P.A.; Kobakhidze, V.D.; Koridze, G.I.

    1987-01-01

    This paper discusses the Khudoni hydroelectric station. The selection of the type and site of the dam are described. A plan of the hydro development with the chosen concrete arch dam is shown. Engineering-geologic and seismotectonic conditions of the chosen site are examined. Two types of design were examined for the arch dam, and they are described. Structural elements of the dam are discussed as is reinforcement, stress-strain state, underground contour and outlet works.

  13. Molecular characterization of antibodies bearing Id-460. II. Molecular basis for Id-460 expression

    PubMed Central

    1985-01-01

    Id-460+ immunoglobulins can be induced in vivo by immunization with dinitrophenyl (DNP) or P. pneumotropica and form two nonoverlapping groups of antibodies with respect to antigen binding specificity. In this study, using Id-460+ antibodies of differing antigen binding specificities, we compared on the molecular genetic level the five gene segment combinations (VH, DH, JH, VL, and JL) that encode the variable regions of these idiotype-positive immunoglobulins. The Id-460 determinant appears to be a conformational or combinatorial determinant encoded by VH460 and VK1 crosshybridizing genes. DH, JH, and JK gene segments appear to have no measurable effect upon expression of Id-460. Finally, antigen binding specificity does not appear to simply localize to any particular gene segment but may in part be the result of somatic mutation and/or VDJH junctional sequences, whose length correlates roughly with antigen binding specificity. PMID:3932578

  14. Webinar: Stepped chute design for embankment dams

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Changing demographics in the vicinity of dams have led to hazard creep in a number of dams worldwide. Many of these dams now have insufficient spillway capacity as a result of these changes in hazard classification from low to significant or high hazard. Stepped chutes applied to the embankment da...

  15. 75 FR 49429 - Metal and Nonmetal Dams

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ... embankment material strengths, and stability analyses to verify that the slopes of the dam would have... design the dam; several design and construction deficiencies, such as poor compaction, steep slopes, and... slope failure in 1987, the mine operator installed instruments in the dam to monitor internal water...

  16. Inception point for embankment dam stepped spillways

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Stepped spillways applied to embankment dams have become a common design practice with the rehabilitation of aging watershed dams, especially those experiencing a hazard classification change from low to high hazard. Previous research on stepped spillways focused on gravity dams where aerated flow ...

  17. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  18. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  19. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  20. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  1. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  2. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  3. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  4. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  5. 30 CFR 57.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retaining dams. 57.20010 Section 57.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE....20010 Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be...

  6. 30 CFR 56.20010 - Retaining dams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retaining dams. 56.20010 Section 56.20010 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Retaining dams. If failure of a water or silt retaining dam will create a hazard, it shall be of...

  7. The formation and failure of natural dams

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Costa, J.E.; Schuster, R.L.

    1987-01-01

    Of the numerous kinds of dams that form by natural processes, dams formed from landslides, glacial ice, and neoglacial moraines present the greatest threat to people and property. The most common types of mass movements that form landslide dams are rock and debris avalanches, rock and soil slumps and slides, and mud, debris, and earth flows. The most common initiation mechanisms for dam-forming landslides are excessive rainfall and snowmelt and earthquakes. Landslide dams can be classified into six categories based on their relation with the valley floor. Type I dams (11%) of the 81 landslide dams around the world that were classifed do not reach from one valley side to the other. Type II dams (44%) span the entire valley flood, occasionally depositing material high up on opposite valley sides. Type III dams (41%) move considerable distances both upstream and downstream from the landslide failure. Type IV dams (1%) are rare and involve the contemporaneous failure of material from both sides of a valley. Type V dams (1%) are also rare, and are created when a single landslide sends multiple tongues of debris into a valley forming two or more landslide dams in the same surfaces, that extend under the stream or valley and emerge on the opposite valley side. Many landslide dams fail shortly after formation. Overtopping is by far the most common cause of failure. Glacial ice dams can produce at least nine kinds of ice-dammed lakes. The most dangerous are lakes formed in main valleys dammed by tributary glaciers. Failure can occur by erosion of a drainage tunnel under or through the ice dam or by a channel over the ice dam. Cold polar ice dams generally drain supraglacially or marginally by downmelting of an outlet channel. Warmer temperate-ice dams tend to fail by sudden englacial or subglacial breaching and drainage. Late neoglacial moraine-dammed lakes are located in steep mountain areas affected by the advances and retreats of valley glaciers in the last several

  8. Improved bioethanol production in an engineered Kluyveromyces lactis strain shifted from respiratory to fermentative metabolism by deletion of NDI1.

    PubMed

    González-Siso, María Isabel; Touriño, Alba; Vizoso, Ángel; Pereira-Rodríguez, Ángel; Rodríguez-Belmonte, Esther; Becerra, Manuel; Cerdán, María Esperanza

    2015-03-01

    In this paper, we report the metabolic engineering of the respiratory yeast Kluyveromyces lactis by construction and characterization of a null mutant (Δklndi1) in the single gene encoding a mitochondrial alternative internal dehydrogenase. Isolated mitochondria of the Δklndi1 mutant show unaffected rate of oxidation of exogenous NADH, but no oxidation of matrix NADH; this confirms that KlNdi1p is the only internal NADH dehydrogenase in K. lactis mitochondria. Permeabilized cells of the Δklndi1 mutant do not show oxidation of matrix NADH, which suggests that shuttle systems to transfer the NADH from mitochondrial matrix to cytosol, for being oxidized by external dehydrogenases, are not functional. The Δklndi1 mutation decreases the chronological life span in absence of nutrients. The expression of KlNDI1 is increased by glutathione reductase depletion. The Δklndi1 mutation shifts the K. lactis metabolism from respiratory to fermentative: the Δklndi1 strain shows reduced respiration rate and increased ethanol production from glucose, while it does not grow in non-fermentable carbon sources such as lactate. The biotechnological benefit of the Δklndi1 mutant for bioethanol production from waste cheese whey lactose was proved.

  9. Improved bioethanol production in an engineered Kluyveromyces lactis strain shifted from respiratory to fermentative metabolism by deletion of NDI1

    PubMed Central

    González-Siso, María Isabel; Touriño, Alba; Vizoso, Ángel; Pereira-Rodríguez, Ángel; Rodríguez-Belmonte, Esther; Becerra, Manuel; Cerdán, María Esperanza

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we report the metabolic engineering of the respiratory yeast Kluyveromyces lactis by construction and characterization of a null mutant (Δklndi1) in the single gene encoding a mitochondrial alternative internal dehydrogenase. Isolated mitochondria of the Δklndi1 mutant show unaffected rate of oxidation of exogenous NADH, but no oxidation of matrix NADH; this confirms that KlNdi1p is the only internal NADH dehydrogenase in K. lactis mitochondria. Permeabilized cells of the Δklndi1 mutant do not show oxidation of matrix NADH, which suggests that shuttle systems to transfer the NADH from mitochondrial matrix to cytosol, for being oxidized by external dehydrogenases, are not functional. The Δklndi1 mutation decreases the chronological life span in absence of nutrients. The expression of KlNDI1 is increased by glutathione reductase depletion. The Δklndi1 mutation shifts the K. lactis metabolism from respiratory to fermentative: the Δklndi1 strain shows reduced respiration rate and increased ethanol production from glucose, while it does not grow in non-fermentable carbon sources such as lactate. The biotechnological benefit of the Δklndi1 mutant for bioethanol production from waste cheese whey lactose was proved. PMID:25186243

  10. Seismic safety of high concrete dams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Houqun

    2014-08-01

    China is a country of high seismicity with many hydropower resources. Recently, a series of high arch dams have either been completed or are being constructed in seismic regions, of which most are concrete dams. The evaluation of seismic safety often becomes a critical problem in dam design. In this paper, a brief introduction to major progress in the research on seismic aspects of large concrete dams, conducted mainly at the Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR) during the past 60 years, is presented. The dam site-specific ground motion input, improved response analysis, dynamic model test verification, field experiment investigations, dynamic behavior of dam concrete, and seismic monitoring and observation are described. Methods to prevent collapse of high concrete dams under maximum credible earthquakes are discussed.

  11. Nonlinear Seismic Analysis of Morrow Point Dam

    SciTech Connect

    Noble, C R; Nuss, L K

    2004-02-20

    This research and development project was sponsored by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), who are best known for the dams, power plants, and canals it constructed in the 17 western states. The mission statement of the USBR's Dam Safety Office, located in Denver, Colorado, is ''to ensure Reclamation dams do not present unacceptable risk to people, property, and the environment.'' The Dam Safety Office does this by quickly identifying the dams which pose an increased threat to the public, and quickly completing the related analyses in order to make decisions that will safeguard the public and associated resources. The research study described in this report constitutes one element of USBR's research and development work to advance their computational and analysis capabilities for studying the response of dams to strong earthquake motions. This project focused on the seismic response of Morrow Point Dam, which is located 263 km southwest of Denver, Colorado.

  12. Earthquake resistance of the Nurek dam

    SciTech Connect

    Lyatkher, V.M.; Ivashchenko, I.N.; Li, A.T.

    1985-06-01

    The 300-m-high Nurek dam was designed and constructed with compressed, economical profile with a steepness of the upstream slope of 1:2.25. Modern earth dams in seismically active regions are often designed with flatter upstream slopes. Longterm investigation into the design and construction of the Nurek dam have made possible considerable progress in solving the problem of increasing the reliability and earthquake resistance of high earth dams being built in regions with high seismicity. The Nurek dam was constructed with a high earthquake resistance in conformity with standards. The technical decision on reinforcing earth dams by means of structural methods of the antiseismic collar type, accomplished at the Nurek dam, is reliable, cost effective and promising. The authors conclude that it is expedient to continue the development and investigation of such measures and to broaden the sphere of their use.

  13. Beam transport radiation shielding for branch lines 2-ID-B and 2-ID-C

    SciTech Connect

    Feng, Y.P.; Lai, B.; McNulty, I.; Dejus, R.J.; Randall, K.J.; Yun, W.

    1995-08-01

    The x-ray radiation shielding requirements beyond the first optics enclosure have been considered for the beam transport of the 2-ID-B and 2-ID-C branch lines of Sector 2 (SRI-CAT) of the APS. The first three optical components (mirrors) of the 2-ID-B branch are contained within the shielded first optics enclosure. Calculations indicate that scattering of the primary synchrotron beam by beamline components outside the enclosure, such as apertures and monochromators, or by gas particles in case of vacuum failure is within safe limits for this branch. A standard 2.5-inch-diameter stainless steel pipe with 1/16-inch-thick walls provides adequate shielding to reduce the radiation dose equivalent rate to human tissue to below the maximum permissible limit of 0.25 mrem/hr. The 2-ID-C branch requires, between the first optics enclosure where only two mirrors are used and the housing for the third mirror, additional lead shielding (0.75 mm) and a minimum approach distance of 2.6 cm. A direct beam stop consisting of at least 4.5 mm of lead is also required immediately downstream of the third mirror for 2-ID-C. Finally, to stop the direct beam from escaping the experimental station, a beam stop consisting of at least 4-mm or 2.5-mm steel is required for the 2-ID-B or 2-ID-C branches, respectively. This final requirement can be met by the vacuum chambers used to house the experiments for both branch lines.

  14. Lattice Parameter Behavior with Different Nd and O Concentrations in (U1-yNdy)O2±x Solid Solution

    DOE PAGES

    Lee, Seung Min; Knight, Travis W.; Voit, Stwart L.; ...

    2016-02-02

    The solid solution of (U1-yFPy)O-2±x, has the same fluorite structure as UO2±x lambda, and the lattice parameter is affected by dissolved fission product and oxygen concentrations. We investigated the relation between the lattice parameter and the concentrations of neodymium and oxygen in the fluorite structure of (U1-yNdy)O2±x using X-ray diffraction. Moreover, the lattice parameter behavior in the (U1-yNdy)O2±x, solid solution shows a linear change as a function of the oxygen-to-metal ratio and solubility of neodymium. The lattice parameter depends on the radii of ions forming the fluorite structure and also can be expressed by a particular rule (modified Vegard's law).more » Furthermore, the numerical analyses of the lattice parameters for the stoichiometric and nonstoichionietric solid solutions were conducted, and the lattice parameter model for the (U1-yNdy)O2±x, solid solution was assessed. There is a very linear relationship between the lattice parameter and the Nd and O concentration for the stoichiometry and nonstoichiometry of the (U1-yNdy)O2±x solid solution was verified.« less

  15. Broadband visible light-harvesting naphthalenediimide (NDI) triad: study of the intra-/intermolecular energy/electron transfer and the triplet excited state.

    PubMed

    Wu, Shuang; Zhong, Fangfang; Zhao, Jianzhang; Guo, Song; Yang, Wenbo; Fyles, Tom

    2015-05-21

    A triad based on naphthalenediimides (NDI) was prepared to study the intersystem crossing (ISC), the fluorescence-resonance-energy-transfer (FRET), as well as the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) processes. In the triad, the 2-bromo-6-alkylaminoNDI moiety was used as singlet energy donor and the spin converter, whereas 2,6-dialkylaminoNDI was used as the singlet/triplet energy acceptor. This unique structural protocol and thus alignment of the energy levels ensures the competing ISC and FRET in the triad. The photophysical properties of the triad and the reference compounds were studied with steady-state UV-vis absorption spectra, fluorescence spectra, nanosecond transient absorption spectra, cyclic voltammetry, and DFT/TDDFT calculations. FRET was confirmed with steady-state UV-vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. Intramolecular electron transfer was observed in polar solvents, demonstrated by the quenching of both the fluorescence and triplet state of the energy acceptor. Nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy shows that the T1 state of the triad is exclusively localized on the 2,6-dialkylaminoNDI moiety in the triad upon selective photoexcitation into the energy donor, which indicates the intramolecular triplet state energy transfer. The intermolecular triplet state energy transfer between the two reference compounds was investigated with nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. The photophysical properties were rationalized by TDDFT calculations.

  16. Yeast NDI1 improves oxidative phosphorylation capacity and increases protection against oxidative stress and cell death in cells carrying a Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy mutation.

    PubMed

    Park, Jeong Soon; Li, You-Fen; Bai, Yidong

    2007-05-01

    G11778A in the subunit ND4 gene of NADH dehydrogenase complex is the most common primary mutation found in Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) patients. The NDI1 gene, which encodes the internal NADH-quinone oxidoreductase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, was introduced into the nuclear genome of a mitochondrial defective human cell line, Le1.3.1, carrying the G11778A mutation. In transformant cell lines, LeNDI1-1 and -2, total and complex I-dependent respiration were fully restored and largely resistant to complex I inhibitor, rotenone, indicating a dominant role of NDI1 in the transfer of electrons in the host cells. Whereas the original mutant Le1.3.1 cell grows poorly in medium containing galactose, the transformants have a fully restored growth capacity in galactose medium, although the ATP production was not totally recovered. Furthermore, the increased oxidative stress in the cells carrying the G11778A mutation was alleviated in transformants, demonstrated by a decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. Finally, transformants were also shown to be desensitized to induction to apoptosis and also exhibit greater resistance to paraquat-induced cell death. It is concluded that the yeast NDI1 enzyme can improve the oxidative phosphorylation capacity in cells carrying the G11778A mutation and protect the cells from oxidative stress and cell death.

  17. National Dam Safety Program. Otisco Lake Dam (Inventory Number N.Y. 753), Oswego River Basin, Onondaga County, New York. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-23

    ona Dam Safety Program Oswego River Basin, Onondaga County,.NY 6. PERFORam0G OG. Re.PoRT Nu EaRB.’ Inventory No . NY00753 7- AU MOK&PS OTRC RGAN U~R...PHASE I INSPECTION REPORT NATIONAL DAN SAFETY PROGRAM OTISCO LAKE DAN I.D. NO . NY-753 DEC #73B-2751A OSWEGO RIVER BASIN ONONDAGA...COUNTY TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE NO . ASSESSMENT OVERVIEW PHOTOGRAPH 1 PROJECT INFORMATION 1 1.1 GENERAL 1 1.2 DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT 1 1.3 PERTINENT DATA 2 2

  18. Low physical fitness levels in older adults with ID: results of the HA-ID study.

    PubMed

    Hilgenkamp, Thessa I M; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M

    2012-01-01

    Physical fitness is as important to aging adults with ID as in the general population, but to date, the physical fitness levels of this group are unknown. Comfortable walking speed, muscle strength (grip strength), muscle endurance (30s Chair stand) and cardiorespiratory endurance (10 m incremental shuttle walking test) were tested in a sample of 1050 older adults with ID, and results were compared with reference values from the general population. Across all age ranges, approximately two-third of the entire study population scored 'below average' or 'impaired'. Even the youngest age groups (50-59 or 50-54 years) in this sample achieve similar or worse results than age groups 20-30 years older in the general population. Low physical fitness levels in older adults with ID demonstrate that this group is prone to unnecessary premature loss of functioning and health problems, and maintaining physical fitness should have priority in practice and policy.

  19. Egypt: after the Aswan Dam

    SciTech Connect

    Walton, S.

    1981-05-01

    Ten years after its completion, the controversial Aswan High Dam's hydrologic and human consequences are clearer because of a joint US-Egyptian interdisciplinary study. Water supply and distribution is emerging as a major world resource problem with the recognition that unsafe drinking water and inadequate sanitation contribute to health problems. Dams provide water supplies, but they also create conditions favorable to the spread of water-borne diseases. The Aswan Dam solved problems of flooding and drought by opening 2.5 million acres to year-round irrigation, although some of the reclaimed land has been lost to urban expansion and shoreline erosion, and provides hydroelectric power. The negative effects include increasing soil salinity, changes in the water table, excessive downstream water plant growth, and diseases such as schistosomiasis and other intestinal parasites, and the social impact on the Nubians, whose homeland was flooded. Planners must use the information gathered in this study to see that the benefits outweigh the human costs. 22 references, 7 figures.

  20. Seismicity around Brazilian dam reservoirs

    SciTech Connect

    Coelho, P.E.F.P. )

    1987-01-01

    More than 30 cases of seismicity associated with dam reservoir sites are known throughout the world. Despite the lack of data in some areas, where seismicity occurred after reservoir impounding, there have been distinct seismic patterns observed in seismic areas after dam projects implantation. This has demonstrated that reservoir loading can trigger earthquakes. A mechanism of earthquake generation by reservoir impounding is proposed here with particular application to the Brazilian cases and to areas subject to low confining stress conditions in stable regions. Six artificial lakes are described and the associated earthquake sources are discussed in terms of natural or induced seismicity. Earthquake monitoring in Brazil up to 1967, when Brasilia's seismological station started operation, was mainly based in personal communications to the media. Therefore, there is a general lack of seismic records in relatively uninhabited areas, making it difficult to establish a seismic risk classification for the territory and to distinguish natural from induced seismicity. Despite this, cases reported here have shown an alteration of the original seismic stability in dam sites after reservoir loading, as observed by the inhabitants or records from Brasilia's seismological station. All cases appear to be related to an increase in pore pressure in permeable rocks or fracture zones which are confined between impermeable rock slabs or more competent rock. It is apparent that some cases show some participation of high residual stress conditions in the area.

  1. Brazil's Amazonian dams: Ecological and socioeconomic impacts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fearnside, P. M.

    2016-12-01

    Brazil's 2015-2024 Energy Expansion Plan calls for 11 hydroelectric dams with installed capacity ≥ 30 MW in the country's Amazon region. Dozens of other large dams are planned beyond this time horizon, and dams with < 30 MW installed capacity number in the hundreds. Amazonian dams have substantial environmental and socioeconomic impacts. Loss of forest to flooding is one, the Balbina and Tucuruí Dams being examples (each 3000 km2). If the Babaquara/Altamira Dam is built it will flood as much forest as both of these combined. Some planned dams imply loss of forest in protected areas, for example on the Tapajós River. Aquatic and riparian ecosystems are lost, including unique biodiversity. Endemic fish species in rapids on the Xingu and Tapajós Rivers are examples. Fish migrations are blocked, such as the commercially important "giant catfish" of the Madeira River. Dams emit greenhouse gases, including CO2 from the trees killed and CH4 from decay under anoxic conditions at the bottom of reservoirs. Emissions can exceed those from fossil-fuel generation, particularly over the 20-year period during which global emissions must be greatly reduced to meet 1.5-2°C limit agreed in Paris. Carbon credit for dams under the Climate Convention causes further net emission because the dams are not truly "additional." Anoxic environments in stratified reservoirs cause methylation of mercury present in Amazonian soils, which concentrates in fish, posing a health risk to human consumers. Population displacement is a major impact; for example, the Marabá Dam would displace 40,000 people, mostly traditional riverside dwellers (ribeirinhos). Various dams impact indigenous peoples, such as the Xingu River dams (beginning with Belo Monte) and the São Luiz do Tapajós and Chacorão Dams on the Tapajós River. Brazil has many energy options other than dams. Much energy use has little benefit for the country, such as exporting aluminum. Electric showerheads use 5% of the country

  2. National Dam Safety Program. Structure E-1 (MO 20511), Verdigris - Neosho River Basin, Newton County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    all capital letters exactly as it appears on the publication. Titles should be unclassified whenever possible. Write out the English equivalent for...vatiOns for decl asification/downgrading schedules listed in paragraph 4-207 of DoD 5200.1-R. @lock 1. Distribution Statement of the Report. Insert...INSPECTION REPORT NATIONAL DAM SAFETY PROGRAM STRUCTURE E-i ID NO. 20511 TABLE OF CONTENTS Paragraph Page No. Title No. SECTION 1 - PROJECT

  3. 18. DETAIL AT JUNCTION OF MAIN DAM AT LEFT AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. DETAIL AT JUNCTION OF MAIN DAM AT LEFT AND DIVERSION DAM AT RIGHT SHOWING LOG CRIBBING. SPACES INSIDE CRIBBING WERE FILLED WITH STONE TO ANCHOR DAM; DETERIORATION OF DAM HAS ALLOWED STONE BALLAST TO WASH AWAY. Photographed July 18, 1938. - Forge Creek Dam-John Cable Mill, Townsend, Blount County, TN

  4. View of upstream face of the forebay dam of Grand ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of upstream face of the forebay dam of Grand Coulee Dam, looking west. Construction of the forebay dam, which replaced the eastern end of the original Grand Coulee Dam, was completed in 1974. - Columbia Basin Project, Grand Coulee Dam & Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake, Across Columbia River, Southeast of Town of Grand Coulee, Grand Coulee, Grant County, WA

  5. National Dam Inspection Program. Butler’s Lake Dam (NDI Number PA-01067, PennDER Number 2-29) Ohio River Basin, Drennen Branch, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-05-01

    from the downstream slope and regrading of the slope to a uniform condition. 2. Emergency Operation and Warning Plan : The owner should develop an...Emergency Operation and Warning Plan including: a. Guidelines for evaluating inflow during periods of heavy precipitation or runoff. b. Procedures for...Weir Plan , Elevation and Spillway Profile A13 APPENDIX B - ENGINEERING DATA CHECKLIST APPENDIX C - PHOTOGRAPHS Photo Key Map

  6. National Dam Inspection Program. Colonial Dam Number 3, (NDI Number PA-00209, PennDER Number 26-22) Ohio River Basin, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-05-01

    erosion of soil and rock has occurred in and just downstream of the breach described earlier. Normal inflow to the reservoir now passes into the breach...noted. No major structural cracks were observed. b. Right Abutment: The right abutment is con- sidered to be in poor conditon because of significant...erosion due to water flowing in the breach. The base of the breach channel is on bedrock, but the sides consisted of barren, steep soil slopes

  7. National Dam Inspection Program. Baggaley Dam. (NDI Number PA-00454, PennDER Number-65-10) Ohio River Basin, Indian Camp Run, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-05-01

    high, steep soil face was visible in the area to the left of the spillway chute. With the exception of the soil face, the left abutment area was heavily...However, there was no indication of movement of soil fines and the flow was not large. b. Abutments: (1) ’Right: No major indication of reservoir related...information on structural and operating conditons of the reported water supply pipeline is assessed to be a deficiency. d. Principal Spillway: (1

  8. National Dam Inspection Program. Trax Farm Dam (NDI Number PA 00131, PennDer Number 63-96) Ohio River Basin, Tributary to Peters Creek. Washington County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    groins to remove vehicle ruts and standing water and to provide adequate drainage and erosion protection. (2) Constructing and installing a larger trash ...cage on the principal spillway to permit unrestricted flow to the drop inlet even if the cage is partially blocked by debris. Anti- vortex devices...protected by a steel bar trash cage. (3) Outlet Works: The outlet works or pond drain facility reportedly consists of a low level inlet to the prin- cipal

  9. National Dam Inspection Program. Ligonier Dam (NDI Number PA-00477, PennDER Number 65-117), Ohio River Basin, South Fort of Mill Creek, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    sluice gate for the outlet pipe is non-functional because of block- age by a steel plate shoring the bottom portion of the intake tower. A 12 inch...i. 3t Ln - 02-4w- M .o -’ 0 S -4). 04 0 4 0-1 041r 0j -2 4 N 4 0>F4c4 04 0M2 )E-4- "t 44 J 4 )0 P4 ~ 0 0 4 w94 0 09 04o l3a > 1. 4P4to" )40a a ) 4)00a

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Long Run Reservoir Number I Dam (NDI Number PA-00882, DER Number 13-004), Delaware River Basin, Carbon County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    condition. 7. That the slope of the embankment adjacent to the spillway be provided with a protective cover. 8. That the footbridge over the spillway be...cement had disintegrated. The rocks appeared to be too small to be stable during high discharges (Photobraph No. 6). A footbridge across the spillway...of the spillway should be provided with stable large rock or a concrete slab. Repair of the footbridge is recommended. The valves and gates on the

  11. National Dam Inspection Program. Glade Run Dam. (NDI Number PA 01071, PENNDER Number 10-60) Ohio River Basin, Glade Run, Butler Country, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Fish Commission. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-01

    Cp O.L Ct 2.7 L 2.3 mile Lca 0.8 mile tp = Ct (L • Lca) 0 " 3 = 3.2 hours Loss Rates Initial Loss 1.0 inch Constant Loss Rate 0.05 inch/hour Base Flow...34 Doe254-f8f Cfbecked _ ____Dole _____ LovSs RAqTE AND7 BASE FLOWv PAKA17)ETEgS4 04s 61)e~ A~ PcvS OF tF-N 6l4f:ASEE ~l r t) p) 1 Dre c C S f rQ j* - C...1.00 0.0 0.0 1.00 1.00 C0 0.0 0.2- UNIT HYDRGRAPH DATA TP = 3.20 CP=𔃺.40 NTA= 0 RECESSION: DATA. STPTQ= -1.50 QRCSN= -0. 05 KRTIF 2. UNIT FYDRXRFAPH 68

  12. National Dam Inspection Program. Royal Reservoir Dam (NDI Number PA 00220, PennDER Number 26-41), Ohio River Basin, Rowes Run, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    r23 0) C v0 ( EI*CL.4 e0 a -- 44C2 4.-1 Es) >2 ). H 0r4-i4)c c43 )- 2) 2) c )-* W 4 C . C ) . t4 4- . f .c oc 2 =. 2* - C0ZLL0 =Ř 0 0-0 .-0 -- L 6...MA j COSULTNG ESINERSd OWO.NO. LAT I PTFSURGH PA, CHRLETONW. A. SALTMO1200D @PI*L *UUU LB SUIYN O..P .,P* .qI 1 - 4 1. - - - - - 00D Laa- . oil .. ~mo

  13. Exporting dams: China's hydropower industry goes global.

    PubMed

    McDonald, Kristen; Bosshard, Peter; Brewer, Nicole

    2009-07-01

    In line with China's "going out" strategy, China's dam industry has in recent years significantly expanded its involvement in overseas markets. The Chinese Export-Import Bank and other Chinese financial institutions, state-owned enterprises, and private firms are now involved in at least 93 major dam projects overseas. The Chinese government sees the new global role played by China's dam industry as a "win-win" situation for China and host countries involved. But evidence from project sites such as the Merowe Dam in Sudan demonstrates that these dams have unrecognized social and environmental costs for host communities. Chinese dam builders have yet to adopt internationally accepted social and environmental standards for large infrastructure development that can assure these costs are adequately taken into account. But the Chinese government is becoming increasingly aware of the challenge and the necessity of promoting environmentally and socially sound investments overseas.

  14. Id1 regulates angiogenesis through transcriptional repression of thrombospondin-1.

    PubMed

    Volpert, Olga V; Pili, Roberto; Sikder, Hashmat A; Nelius, Thomas; Zaichuk, Tetiana; Morris, Chad; Shiflett, Clinton B; Devlin, Meghann K; Conant, Katherine; Alani, Rhoda M

    2002-12-01

    Id proteins are helix-loop-helix transcription factors that regulate tumor angiogenesis. In order to identify downstream effectors of Id1 involved in the regulation of angiogenesis, we performed PCR-select subtractive hybridization on wild-type and Id1 knockout mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs). Here we demonstrate that thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis, is a target of transcriptional repression by Id1. We also show that Id1-null MEFs secrete an inhibitor of endothelial cell migration, which is completely inactivated by depletion of TSP-1. Furthermore, in vivo studies revealed decreased neovascularization in matrigel assays in Id1-null mice compared to their wild-type littermates. This decrease was completely reversed by a TSP-1 neutralizing antibody. We conclude that TSP-1 is a major target for Id1 effects on angiogenesis.

  15. The future role of dams in the United States of America

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ho, Michelle; Lall, Upmanu; Allaire, Maura; Devineni, Naresh; Kwon, Hyun Han; Pal, Indrani; Raff, David; Wegner, David

    2017-02-01

    xml:id="wrcr22481-sec-1001" numbered="no">Storage and controlled distribution of water have been key elements of a human strategy to overcome the space and time variability of water, which have been marked by catastrophic droughts and floods throughout the course of civilization. In the United States, the peak of dam building occurred in the mid-20th century with knowledge limited to the scientific understanding and hydrologic records of the time. Ecological impacts were considered differently than current legislative and regulatory controls would potentially dictate. Additionally, future costs such as maintenance or removal beyond the economic design life were not fully considered. The converging risks associated with aging water storage infrastructure and uncertainty in climate in addition to the continuing need for water storage, flood protection, and hydropower result in a pressing need to address the state of dam infrastructure across the nation. Decisions regarding the future of dams in the United States may, in turn, influence regional water futures through groundwater outcomes, economic productivity, migration, and urban growth. We advocate for a comprehensive national water assessment and a formal analysis of the role dams play in our water future. We emphasize the urgent need for environmentally and economically sound strategies to integrate surface and groundwater storage infrastructure in local, regional, and national water planning considerations. A research agenda is proposed to assess dam failure impacts and the design, operation, and need for dams considering both paleo and future climate, utilization of groundwater resources, and the changing societal values toward the environment.

  16. Comparison of Dam Breach Parameter Estimators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    from a large storm in 1975 (CEATI). The dam was constructed of a clay core containing shale. The upstream and downstream fill was homogeneous earth ...Comparison of Dam Breach Parameter Estimators D. Michael Gee1 1 Senior Hydraulic Engineer, Corps of Engineers Hydrologic Engineering...Center, 609 2nd St., Davis, CA 95616; email: michael.gee@usace.army.mil. ABSTRACT Analytical techniques for the estimation of dam breach

  17. To ID or Not to ID? Changes in Classification Rates of Intellectual Disability Using "DSM-5"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papazoglou, Aimilia; Jacobson, Lisa A.; McCabe, Marie; Kaufmann, Walter; Zabel, T. Andrew

    2014-01-01

    The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition" ("DSM-5") diagnostic criteria for intellectual disability (ID) include a change to the definition of adaptive impairment. New criteria require impairment in one adaptive domain rather than two or more skill areas. The authors examined the diagnostic…

  18. Low Physical Fitness Levels in Older Adults with ID: Results of the HA-ID Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M.

    2012-01-01

    Physical fitness is as important to aging adults with ID as in the general population, but to date, the physical fitness levels of this group are unknown. Comfortable walking speed, muscle strength (grip strength), muscle endurance (30 s Chair stand) and cardiorespiratory endurance (10 m incremental shuttle walking test) were tested in a sample of…

  19. Low Physical Fitness Levels in Older Adults with ID: Results of the HA-ID Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M.

    2012-01-01

    Physical fitness is as important to aging adults with ID as in the general population, but to date, the physical fitness levels of this group are unknown. Comfortable walking speed, muscle strength (grip strength), muscle endurance (30 s Chair stand) and cardiorespiratory endurance (10 m incremental shuttle walking test) were tested in a sample of…

  20. To ID or Not to ID? Changes in Classification Rates of Intellectual Disability Using "DSM-5"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papazoglou, Aimilia; Jacobson, Lisa A.; McCabe, Marie; Kaufmann, Walter; Zabel, T. Andrew

    2014-01-01

    The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition" ("DSM-5") diagnostic criteria for intellectual disability (ID) include a change to the definition of adaptive impairment. New criteria require impairment in one adaptive domain rather than two or more skill areas. The authors examined the diagnostic…

  1. Measurement of Dam Deformations: Case Study of Obruk Dam (Turkey)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gulal, V. Engin; Alkan, R. Metin; Alkan, M. Nurullah; İlci, Veli; Ozulu, I. Murat; Tombus, F. Engin; Kose, Zafer; Aladogan, Kayhan; Sahin, Murat; Yavasoglu, Hakan; Oku, Guldane

    2016-04-01

    In the literature, there is information regarding the first deformation and displacement measurements in dams that were conducted in 1920s Switzerland. Todays, deformation measurements in the dams have gained very different functions with improvements in both measurement equipment and evaluation of measurements. Deformation measurements and analysis are among the main topics studied by scientists who take interest in the engineering measurement sciences. The Working group of Deformation Measurements and Analysis, which was established under the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), carries out its studies and activities with regard to this subject. At the end of the 1970s, the subject of the determination of fixed points in the deformation monitoring network was one of the main subjects extensively studied. Many theories arose from this inquiry, as different institutes came to differing conclusions. In 1978, a special commission with representatives of universities has been established within the FIG 6.1 working group; this commission worked on the issue of determining a general approach to geometric deformation analysis. The results gleaned from the commission were discussed at symposiums organized by the FIG. In accordance with these studies, scientists interested in the subject have begun to work on models that investigate cause and effect relations between the effects that cause deformation and deformation. As of the scientist who interest with the issue focused on different deformation methods, another special commission was established within the FIG engineering measurements commission in order to classify deformation models and study terminology. After studying this material for a long time, the official commission report was published in 2001. In this prepared report, studies have been carried out by considering the FIG Engineering Surveying Commission's report entitled, 'MODELS AND TERMINOLOGY FOR THE ANALYSIS OF GEODETIC MONITORING OBSERVATIONS

  2. Comparative Evaluation of the BD Phoenix Yeast ID Panel and Remel RapID Yeast Plus System for Yeast Identification

    PubMed Central

    Grant, Michelle L.; Parajuli, Shobha; Deleon-Gonsalves, Raquel; Potula, Raghava; Truant, Allan L.

    2016-01-01

    Becton Dickinson Phoenix Yeast ID Panel was compared to the Remel RapID Yeast Plus System using 150 recent clinical yeast isolates and the API 20C AUX system to resolve discrepant results. The concordance rate between the Yeast ID Panel and the RapID Yeast Plus System (without arbitration) was 93.3% with 97.3% (146/150) and 95.3% (143/150) of the isolates correctly identified by the Becton Dickinson Phoenix and the Remel RapID, respectively, with arbitration. PMID:27366167

  3. Comparative Evaluation of the BD Phoenix Yeast ID Panel and Remel RapID Yeast Plus System for Yeast Identification.

    PubMed

    Grant, Michelle L; Parajuli, Shobha; Deleon-Gonsalves, Raquel; Potula, Raghava; Truant, Allan L

    2016-01-01

    Becton Dickinson Phoenix Yeast ID Panel was compared to the Remel RapID Yeast Plus System using 150 recent clinical yeast isolates and the API 20C AUX system to resolve discrepant results. The concordance rate between the Yeast ID Panel and the RapID Yeast Plus System (without arbitration) was 93.3% with 97.3% (146/150) and 95.3% (143/150) of the isolates correctly identified by the Becton Dickinson Phoenix and the Remel RapID, respectively, with arbitration.

  4. The Neck Disability Index (NDI) and its correlation with quality of life and mental health measures among patients with single-level cervical disc disease scheduled for surgery.

    PubMed

    Sundseth, J; Kolstad, F; Johnsen, L G; Pripp, A H; Nygaard, O P; Andresen, H; Fredriksli, O A; Myrseth, E; Züchner, M; Zwart, J A

    2015-10-01

    The Neck Disability Index (NDI) is widely used as a self-rated disability score in patients with cervical radiculopathy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the NDI score correlated with other assessments of quality of life and mental health in a specific group of patients with single-level cervical disc disease and corresponding radiculopathy. One hundred thirty-six patients were included in a prospective, randomized controlled clinical multicenter study on one-level anterior cervical discectomy with arthroplasty (ACDA) versus one-level anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (ACDF). The preoperative data were obtained at hospital admission 1 to 3 days prior to surgery. The NDI score was used as the dependent variable and correlation as well as regression analyses were conducted to assess the relationship with the short form-36, EuroQol-5Dimension-3 level and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The mean age at inclusion was 44.1 years (SD ±7.0, range 26-59 years), of which 46.3 % were male. Mean NDI score was 48.6 (SD = 12.3, minimum 30 and maximum 88). Simple linear regression analysis demonstrated a significant correlation between NDI and the EuroQol-5Dimension-3 level [R = -0.64, 95 % confidence interval (CI) -30.1- -19.8, p < 0.001] and to a lesser extent between NDI and the short form-36 physical component summary [R = -0.49, 95 % CI (-1.10- -0.58), p < 0.001] and the short form-36 mental component summary [R = -0.25, 95 % CI (-0.47- -0-09), p = 0.004]. Regarding NDI and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, a significant correlation for depression was found [R = 0.26, 95 % CI (0.21-1.73), p = 0.01]. Multiple linear regression analysis showed a statistically significant and the strongest correlation between NDI and the independent variables in the following order: EuroQol-5Dimension-3 level [R = -0.64, 95 % CI (-23.5- -7.9), p <0.001], short form-36 physical component summary [R = -0.41, 95

  5. National Dam Safety Program. Inventory of Dams, Delaware.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    of these regions and basins follows. 0 13. Item 17. River /Stream. Official name of river or stream on which dam is built. If un-named, listing should...0208 Lover Chesapeake Bay South Atlantic Oulf 03 I -two0301 R~oanoke 0302 Tar -Neuse 0305 Cape Fear 303-\\004& Pee Dee 0305 Santee- Edisto 0306 Savannab...has an official name. 12. Items 15 & 16. Codes for Region & Basin respectively in accordance with the following: Region 02 Middle Atlantic Basin 01

  6. A ravenous river reclaims its true course: the tale of Marmot Dam''s demise

    Treesearch

    Noreen Parks; Gordon Grant

    2009-01-01

    Removing dams that are outdated, unsafe, or pose significant economic or environmental costs has emerged in the last 10 years as a major river restoration strategy. The removal of the 45-foot-high Marmot Dam on the Sandy River in 2007 resulted in the biggest sediment release accompanying any dam removal to date. It also provided an unprecedented opportunity...

  7. The transcriptional regulators Id2 and Id3 control the formation of distinct memory CD8+ T cell subsets

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Cliff Y.; Best, J. Adam; Knell, Jamie; Yang, Edward; Sheridan, Alison D.; Jesionek, Adam K.; Li, Haiyan S.; Rivera, Richard R.; Lind, Kristin Camfield; D’Cruz, Louise M.; Watowich, Stephanie S.; Murre, Cornelis; Goldrath, Ananda W.

    2013-01-01

    During infection, naive CD8+ T cells differentiate into effector cells, which are armed to eliminate pathogens, and memory cells, which are poised to protect against reinfection. The transcriptional program that regulates terminal differentiation into short-lived effector-memory versus long-lived memory cells is not clearly defined. Through the use of mice expressing reporters for the DNA-binding inhibitors Id2 and Id3, we identified Id3hi precursors of long-lived memory cells before the peak of T cell population expansion or upregulation of cell-surface receptors that indicate memory potential. Deficiency in Id2 or Id3 resulted in loss of distinct CD8+ effector and memory populations, which demonstrated unique roles for these inhibitors of E-protein transcription factors. Furthermore, cytokines altered the expression of Id2 and Id3 differently, which provides insight into how external cues influence gene expression. PMID:22057289

  8. The transcriptional regulators Id2 and Id3 control the formation of distinct memory CD8+ T cell subsets.

    PubMed

    Yang, Cliff Y; Best, J Adam; Knell, Jamie; Yang, Edward; Sheridan, Alison D; Jesionek, Adam K; Li, Haiyan S; Rivera, Richard R; Lind, Kristin Camfield; D'Cruz, Louise M; Watowich, Stephanie S; Murre, Cornelis; Goldrath, Ananda W

    2011-11-06

    During infection, naive CD8(+) T cells differentiate into effector cells, which are armed to eliminate pathogens, and memory cells, which are poised to protect against reinfection. The transcriptional program that regulates terminal differentiation into short-lived effector-memory versus long-lived memory cells is not clearly defined. Through the use of mice expressing reporters for the DNA-binding inhibitors Id2 and Id3, we identified Id3(hi) precursors of long-lived memory cells before the peak of T cell population expansion or upregulation of cell-surface receptors that indicate memory potential. Deficiency in Id2 or Id3 resulted in loss of distinct CD8(+) effector and memory populations, which demonstrated unique roles for these inhibitors of E-protein transcription factors. Furthermore, cytokines altered the expression of Id2 and Id3 differently, which provides insight into how external cues influence gene expression.

  9. DriveID: safety innovation through individuation.

    PubMed

    Sawyer, Ben; Teo, Grace; Mouloua, Mustapha

    2012-01-01

    The driving task is highly complex and places considerable perceptual, physical and cognitive demands on the driver. As driving is fundamentally an information processing activity, distracted or impaired drivers have diminished safety margins compared with non- distracted drivers (Hancock and Parasuraman, 1992; TRB 1998 a & b). This competition for sensory and decision making capacities can lead to failures that cost lives. Some groups, teens and elderly drivers for example, have patterns of systematically poor perceptual, physical and cognitive performance while driving. Although there are technologies developed to aid these different drivers, these systems are often misused and underutilized. The DriveID project aims to design and develop a passive, automated face identification system capable of robustly identifying the driver of the vehicle, retrieve a stored profile, and intelligently prescribing specific accident prevention systems and driving environment customizations.

  10. 4. VIEW SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM, LOOKING NORTHEAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. VIEW SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM, LOOKING NORTHEAST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Kidney Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.7 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  11. 56. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). AUXILIARY LOCK AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    56. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). AUXILIARY LOCK AND REMAINDER OF DAM -- CONCRETE MONOLITH PLAN AND WALL ELEVATIONS (WITH LOCK APPURTENANCES). Drawing V-601 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  12. 34. VIEW OF COFFERDAM USED IN DAM CAPPING OPERATIONS. NOTE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    34. VIEW OF COFFERDAM USED IN DAM CAPPING OPERATIONS. NOTE BARGE AT RIGHT DUMPING FILL DIRT TO INCREASE WATER TIGHTNESS OF COFFER DAM, c. 1918. - Dam No. 5 Hydroelectric Plant, On Potomac River, Hedgesville, Berkeley County, WV

  13. GENERAL VIEW OF THE WILSON DAM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, GENERATING PLANT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GENERAL VIEW OF THE WILSON DAM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, GENERATING PLANT IN THE BACKGROUND. - Wilson Dam & Hydroelectric Plant, Spanning Tennessee River at Wilson Dam Road (Route 133), Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

  14. 2. East side of lower dam shown with water flowing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. East side of lower dam shown with water flowing over dam. VIEW WEST - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA

  15. 10. BRIDGE IN CONTEXT OF DAM, THIRD POWER HOUSE IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. BRIDGE IN CONTEXT OF DAM, THIRD POWER HOUSE IN FOREGROUND, LOOKING NORTH BY 360 DEGREES - Columbia River Bridge at Grand Coulee Dam, Spanning Columbia River at State Route 155, Coulee Dam, Okanogan County, WA

  16. 91. photographer unknown undated TOP OF SPILLWAY DAM PIERS WITH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    91. photographer unknown undated TOP OF SPILLWAY DAM PIERS WITH ASSEMBLY OF DAM GATES UNDERWAY. WASHINGTON SHORE WING WALL IN BACKGROUND. - Bonneville Project, Bonneville Dam, Columbia River, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  17. View of upstream face of Lake Sabrina Dam showing the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of upstream face of Lake Sabrina Dam showing the redwood planks and base of dam from Lake Sabrina Basin, view north - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Lake Sabrina Dam, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

  18. View of Lake Sabrina Dam downstream face from parking lot ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of Lake Sabrina Dam downstream face from parking lot showing concrete outlet structure on tow of dam at left edge of photo, view southeast - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Lake Sabrina Dam, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

  19. Dam located to east of powerhouse, view from south. This ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Dam located to east of powerhouse, view from south. This dam holds back the waters of the Chattahoochee River to form the mill pond north of Riverdale Cotton Mill - Riverdale Cotton Mill, Powerhouse & Dam, Valley, Chambers County, AL

  20. 6. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE AND TOE OF DAM, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE AND TOE OF DAM, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Kidney Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.7 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  1. 5. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE AND TOE OF DAM, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE AND TOE OF DAM, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Kidney Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.7 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  2. 3. OVERALL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE, LOOKING EAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. OVERALL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING UPSTREAM FACE, LOOKING EAST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Kidney Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.7 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  3. 4. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING A LARGE FIELDSTONE DAM (KNOWN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING A LARGE FIELD-STONE DAM (KNOWN LOCALLY AS DAM NO. 1), BUILT BY THE CCC - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge Dams, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

  4. 3. VIEW, LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING A SMALL FIELDSTONE DAM (KNOWN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. VIEW, LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING A SMALL FIELD-STONE DAM (KNOWN LOCALLY AS DAM NO. 2), BUILT BY THE CCC - J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge Dams, Along Lower Souris River, Kramer, Bottineau County, ND

  5. 8. VIEW OF DAM 83, SHOWING OLD SOURIS RIVER CHANNEL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. VIEW OF DAM 83, SHOWING OLD SOURIS RIVER CHANNEL FROM THE DOWNSTREAM FACE OF THE DAM WITH POND A IN THE BACKGROUND, LOOKING SOUTH - Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83, Souris River Basin, Foxholm, Surrey (England), ND

  6. 4. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER GATES, PIERS, HEADHOUSES ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER GATES, PIERS, HEADHOUSES AND DAM BRIDGE, LOOKING EAST, DOWNSTREAM - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 5, Minneiska, Winona County, MN

  7. 3. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER AND TAINTER GATES, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER AND TAINTER GATES, PIERS, HEADHOUSES AND DAM BRIDGE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, DOWNSTREAM - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 5, Minneiska, Winona County, MN

  8. 7. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER GATES, GATE PIERS, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER GATES, GATE PIERS, HEADHOUSES AND DAM BRIDGE, LOOKING NORTHWEST, UPSTREAM - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 9, Lynxville, Crawford County, WI

  9. 5. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER AND TAINTER GATES, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER AND TAINTER GATES, GATE PIERS, HEADHOUSES AND DAM BRIDGE, LOOKING NORTHWEST, UPSTREAM - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 9, Lynxville, Crawford County, WI

  10. 55. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). AUXILIARY LOCK AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    55. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). AUXILIARY LOCK AND REMAINDER OF DAM CONTROL HOUSE -- BUILDING SECTION. M-L 26(R) 92/3 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  11. 54. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). AUXILIARY LOCK AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    54. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). AUXILIARY LOCK AND REMAINDER OF DAM CONTROL HOUSE -- BUILDING SECTION. M-L 26(R) 92/3 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  12. 53. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). AUXILIARY LOCK AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    53. LOCK AND DAM NO. 26 (REPLACEMENT). AUXILIARY LOCK AND REMAINDER OF DAM CONTROL HOUSE -- ELEVATIONS. M-L 26 (R) 92/2 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  13. 2. OVERALL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING CREST AND DOWNSTREAM FACE, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. OVERALL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING CREST AND DOWNSTREAM FACE, WITH CONCRETE EXTENSION IN FOREGROUND, LOOKING NORTH - High Mountain Dams in Bonneville Unit, Fire Lake Dam, Wasatch National Forest, Kamas, Summit County, UT

  14. 11. 'CONSTRUCTION OF TRIAL LAKE DAM OF THE UNION RESERVOIR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. 'CONSTRUCTION OF TRIAL LAKE DAM OF THE UNION RESERVOIR CO., SEPTEMBER 7, 1912, AT 20 FEET ABOVE OUTLET. C.S. JARVIS, ENG.' - High Mountain Dams in Bonneville Unit, Trial Lake Dam, Kamas, Summit County, UT

  15. 3. VIEW OF UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM, SHOWING OUTLET GATE, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. VIEW OF UPSTREAM FACE OF DAM, SHOWING OUTLET GATE, LOOKING NORTHEAST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Island Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 4.8 miles North of Miners Gulch Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  16. 9. VIEW OF LATERAL GATE ON CANAL NEAR DAM, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. VIEW OF LATERAL GATE ON CANAL NEAR DAM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Twin Pots Dam, Ashley National Forest, 10.1 miles North of Mountain Home, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  17. 5. Downstream face of Rock Creek Diversion Dam, looking west ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Downstream face of Rock Creek Diversion Dam, looking west (Diversion into Irrigation District canal) - Bitter Root Irrigation Project, Rock Creek Diversion Dam, One mile east of Como Dam, west of U.S. Highway 93, Darby, Ravalli County, MT

  18. 24. VIEW OF DAM ROLLER GATE BULKHEADS, BULKHEAD CARS AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. VIEW OF DAM ROLLER GATE BULKHEADS, BULKHEAD CARS AND TRACKS IN STORAGE YARD, WITH MOVABLE CRANE AND DAM BRIDGE IN BACKGROUND, LOOKING WEST - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 3, Red Wing, Goodhue County, MN

  19. Id1, Id2 and Id3 are induced in rat melanotrophs of the pituitary gland by dopamine suppression under continuous stress.

    PubMed

    Konishi, H; Ogawa, T; Nakagomi, S; Inoue, K; Tohyama, M; Kiyama, H

    2010-09-15

    In rats under continuous stress (CS) there is decreased hypothalamic dopaminergic innervation to the intermediate lobe (IL) of the pituitary gland, which causes hyperactivation and subsequent degeneration of melanotrophs in the IL. In this study, we investigated the molecular basis for the changes that occur in melanotrophs during CS. Using microarray analysis, we identified several genes differentially expressed in the IL under CS conditions. Among the genes up-regulated under CS conditions, we focused on the inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation (Id) family of dominant negative basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors. RT-PCR, Western blotting and in situ hybridization confirmed the significant inductions of Id1, Id2 and Id3 in the IL of CS rats. Administration of the dopamine D2 receptor agonist bromocriptine prevented the inductions of Id1-3 in the IL of CS rats, whereas application of the dopamine D2 antagonist sulpiride induced significant expressions of Id1-3 in the IL of normal rats. Moreover, an in vitro study using primary cultured melanotrophs demonstrated a direct effect on Id1-3 inductions by dopamine suppression. These results suggest that the decreased dopamine levels in the IL during CS induce Id1-3 expressions in melanotrophs. Because Id family members inhibit various bHLH transcription factors, it is conceivable that the induced Id1-3 would cooperatively modulate gene expressions in melanotrophs under CS conditions to induce hormone secretion. (c) 2010 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Key Impact Factors on Dam Break Fatalities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, D.; Yu, Z.; Song, Y.; Han, D.; Li, Y.

    2016-12-01

    Dam failures can lead to catastrophes on human society. However, there is a lack of research about dam break fatalities, especially on the key factors that affect fatalities. Based on the analysis of historical dam break cases, most studies have used the regression analysis to explore the correlation between those factors and fatalities, but without implementing optimization to find the dominating factors. In order to understand and reduce the risk of fatalities, this study has proposed a new method to select the impact factors on the fatality. It employs an improved ANN (Artificial Neural Network) combined with LOOCV (Leave-one-out cross-validation) and SFS (Stepwise Forward Selection) approach to explore the nonlinear relationship between impact factors and life losses. It not only considers the factors that have been widely used in the literature but also introduces new factors closely involved with fatalities. Dam break cases occurred in China from 1954 to 2013 are summarized, within which twenty-five cases are selected with a comprehensive coverage of geographic position and temporal variation. Twelve impact factors are taken into account as the inputs, i.e., severity of dam break flood (SF), population at risk (PR), public understanding of dam break (UB), warning time (TW), evacuation condition (EC), weather condition during dam break (WB), dam break mode (MB), water storage (SW), building vulnerability (VB), dam break time (TB), average distance from the affected area to the dam (DD) and preventive measures by government (PG).From those, three key factors of SF, MB and TB are chosen. The proposed method is able to extract the key factors, and the derived fatality model performs well in various types of dam break conditions.

  1. Fragility Analysis of Concrete Gravity Dams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tekie, Paulos B.; Ellingwood, Bruce R.

    2002-09-01

    Concrete gravity dams are an important part ofthe nation's infrastructure. Many dams have been in service for over 50 years, during which time important advances in the methodologies for evaluation of natural phenomena hazards have caused the design-basis events to be revised upwards, in some cases significantly. Many existing dams fail to meet these revised safety criteria and structural rehabilitation to meet newly revised criteria may be costly and difficult. A probabilistic safety analysis (PSA) provides a rational safety assessment and decision-making tool managing the various sources of uncertainty that may impact dam performance. Fragility analysis, which depicts fl%e uncertainty in the safety margin above specified hazard levels, is a fundamental tool in a PSA. This study presents a methodology for developing fragilities of concrete gravity dams to assess their performance against hydrologic and seismic hazards. Models of varying degree of complexity and sophistication were considered and compared. The methodology is illustrated using the Bluestone Dam on the New River in West Virginia, which was designed in the late 1930's. The hydrologic fragilities showed that the Eluestone Dam is unlikely to become unstable at the revised probable maximum flood (PMF), but it is likely that there will be significant cracking at the heel ofthe dam. On the other hand, the seismic fragility analysis indicated that sliding is likely, if the dam were to be subjected to a maximum credible earthquake (MCE). Moreover, there will likely be tensile cracking at the neck of the dam at this level of seismic excitation. Probabilities of relatively severe limit states appear to be only marginally affected by extremely rare events (e.g. the PMF and MCE). Moreover, the risks posed by the extreme floods and earthquakes were not balanced for the Bluestone Dam, with seismic hazard posing a relatively higher risk.

  2. A Recommended Methodology for Quantifying NDE/NDI Based on Aircraft Engine Experience (Le Projet de Methodologie Pour l’Evaluation du Controle Non- Destructif Fonde sur l’Experience Acquise sur les moteurs d’Avions)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    A Recommended Methodology for Quantifying NDE/NDI Based on Aircraft Engine Experience--Translation(Le Projet de Methodologie Pour l’Evaluation du Controle Non-Destructif Fonde sur l’Experience Acquise sur les moteurs d’Avions)

  3. McNary Dam, Ice Harbor Dam, and Lower Monumental Dam Smolt Monitoring Program; 1996 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Hillson, Todd; Lind, Sharon; Price, William

    1997-07-01

    The Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW) assumed responsibility for the Smolt Monitoring Program at McNary Dam on the Columbia River in 1990 and at the new juvenile collection facility at Lower Monumental Dam on the Snake River in 1993. In 1996, Smolt Monitoring Program activities also began at the new juvenile collection facility located at Ice Harbor Dam. This report summarizes the 1996 Smolt Monitoring work at all three sites. The work at Ice Harbor consisted of Gas Bubble Trauma (GBT) monitoring only. In general, the 1996 passage season at both the McNary and Lower Monumental sites can be characterized by reduced passage of juveniles through the collection systems due to elevated river flows and spill, and low (<1%) overall facility mortality rates most likely resulting from cooler water temperatures. In accordance with the National Marine Fisheries Service recommendations (NMFS, 1995) all spring migrants were bypassed at McNary Dam in 1996. Mechanical problems within the McNary collection system resulted in collection and sampling activities being delayed until April 18 at this site, while sampling and collection began on the scheduled starting date of April 1 at Lower Monumental Dam. Monitoring operations were conducted through December 14 at McNary Dam and through October 28 at Lower Monumental Dam. An ongoing transportation evaluation summer migrant marking program was conducted at McNary Dam in 1996 by the NMFS. This necessitated the sampling of 394,211 additional fish beyond the recommended sampling guidelines. All total, 509,237 and 31,219 juvenile salmonids were anesthetized and individually counted, examined for scale loss, injuries, and brands by WDFW Smolt Monitoring personnel in 1996 at McNary Dam and Lower Monumental Dam, respectively.

  4. Transcriptional regulator Id2 mediates CD8+ T cell immunity.

    PubMed

    Cannarile, Michael A; Lind, Nicholas A; Rivera, Richard; Sheridan, Alison D; Camfield, Kristin A; Wu, Bei Bei; Cheung, Kitty P; Ding, Zhaoqing; Goldrath, Ananda W

    2006-12-01

    Transcriptional programs that initiate and sustain the proliferation, differentiation and survival of CD8(+) T cells during immune responses are not completely understood. Here we show that inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (Id2), an antagonist of E protein transcription factors, was upregulated in CD8(+) T cells during infection and that expression of Id2 was maintained in memory CD8(+) T cells. Although Id2-deficient naive CD8(+) T cells recognized antigen and proliferated normally early after infection, effector CD8(+) T cells did not accumulate because the cells were highly susceptible to apoptosis. Id2-deficient CD8(+) T cells responding to infection had changes in the expression of genes that influence survival and had altered memory formation. Our data emphasize the importance of Id2 in regulating gene expression by CD8(+) T cells and the magnitude of effector responses, suggesting a mechanism involving Id protein- and E protein-mediated survival and differentiation of mature T cells.

  5. Potential for seepage erosion of landslide dam

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Meyer, W.; Schuster, R.L.; Sabol, M.A.

    1994-01-01

    The failure potential of the debris-avalanche dam at Castle Lake near Mount St. Helens, Washington, by three processes of seepage erosion (1) Heave; (2) piping; and (3) internal erosion, is examined. Results indicated that the dam is stable against piping but potentially locally unstable against heave. -from Authors

  6. 104. DAM TAINTER GATE NONSUBMERGIBLE UPPER FRAME ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    104. DAM - TAINTER GATE - NON-SUBMERGIBLE - UPPER FRAME AND SKIN PLATE (ML-8-48/2-FS) June 1935 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  7. 75 FR 62024 - Metal and Nonmetal Dams

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Mine Safety and Health Administration 30 CFR Parts 56 and 57 RIN 1219-AB70 Metal and Nonmetal Dams AGENCY... measures to assure that metal and nonmetal mine operators design, construct, operate and maintain dams in...

  8. 76 FR 12094 - Whitman River Dam, Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ..., 38.5-foot-high Crocker Pond dam; (2) an existing 99.7- acre impoundment with a normal water surface... Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Whitman River Dam, Inc. Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission and Soliciting Additional Study Requests Take notice that the...

  9. The Impact of Dam-Reservoir-Foundation Interaction on Nonlinear Response of Concrete Gravity Dams

    SciTech Connect

    Amini, Ali Reza; Motamedi, Mohammad Hossein; Ghaemian, Mohsen

    2008-07-08

    To study the impact of dam-reservoir-foundation interaction on nonlinear response of concrete gravity dams, a two-dimensional finite element model of a concrete gravity dam including the dam body, a part of its foundation and a part of the reservoir was made. In addition, the proper boundary conditions were used in both reservoir and foundation in order to absorb the energy of outgoing waves at the far end boundaries. Using the finite element method and smeared crack approach, some different seismic nonlinear analyses were done and finally, we came to a conclusion that the consideration of dam-reservoir-foundation interaction in nonlinear analysis of concrete dams is of great importance, because from the performance point of view, this interaction significantly improves the nonlinear response of concrete dams.

  10. National Dam Safety Program. Brushy Creek Tailings Dam (MO 30951), White Basin, Reynolds County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-08-01

    a crushed rock underdrainage system and earth starter dam . The configuration of the dam , reservoir, and appurtenant structures are best described by...AO-AI06 458 ARMY ENGINEER DISTRICT ST LOUIS MO F/6 13/13 NATIONAL DAM SAFETY PROGRAM. BRUSHY CREEK TAILINGS DAM (MO 3095--ETC(U) AUG 79 W ft...CATALOG NUMBER 4. TITLE (ind Subtitle) 5. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED Phase I Dam Inspection Report National Dam Safety Program Final F’eprt . Brushy

  11. Molecular characterization of parthenogenic Fasciola sp. in Korea on the basis of DNA sequences of ribosomal ITS1 and mitochondrial NDI gene.

    PubMed

    Itagaki, Tadashi; Kikawa, Masayuki; Terasaki, Kunio; Shibahara, Toshiyuki; Fukuda, Koichi

    2005-11-01

    Nucleotide sequences of ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS1) and mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase I (NDI) gene were analyzed to genetically characterize aspermic Fasciola forms in Korea. From the difference in ITS1 sequences, Korean flukes were divided into 3 haplotypes represented by Kor1, Kor2 and Kor1/2, which had nucleotides identical to F. hepatica, F. gigantica and those overlapped between the two species, respectively. NDI sequences also showed that Korean flukes could be classified into 3 distinct haplotypes (Kor1: F. hepatica-type, Kor2a and Kor2b: F. gigantica-type). The sequences of Kor1 and Kor2a were 100% identical to those of the haplotypes Fsp1and Fsp2, respectively, which are major Fasciola forms in Japan. These findings strongly suggest that aspermic Fasciola forms in Korea and Japan originated from same ancestors and have recently spread throughout both countries.

  12. 75 FR 12974 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Hailey, ID

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... E airspace at Hailey, ID, to accommodate aircraft using the Area Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS) Standard Instrument Approach Procedure (SIAP) at Friedman Memorial Airport. This...

  13. Do we need construct more dams?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, J.; Shi, H.

    2013-12-01

    This paper reviews global dam development in association with the growths of global population, economy, and energy consumption in the past several decades, and also evaluates contributions of dam development to future world sustainable development. Eventually, this paper answers whether we need more dams in the future or not. The world population has rapidly increased from 1.6 billion in 1900, 2.5 billion in 1950, 6.1 billion in 2000, to 7.0 billion in 2011, and is projected to reach 9.5 billion in 2050; similarly, the world economy has dramatically expanded. To maintain socioeconomic development, the consumption of water, food and energy has increased rapidly as well. However, the total volume of available water resource over the world is limited, the food production largely depends on water supply, and the main energy sources are still oil, coal and gas at present, which are regarded as non-renewable resources. Accordingly, it is expected that we will face serious problems to deal with the challenges of water crisis, food security and energy shortage in the near future. In order to enhance the capability of regulating water resource, a great number of global dams (and related reservoirs) have been constructed in the last one hundred years; currently, almost all large rivers over the world have been regulated by dams. The reservoirs can supply sufficient water for irrigated land to ensure food production, and the associated hydropower stations can generate electricity. This article collects the dam data from the ICOLD (International Commission on Large Dams) and GRanD (Global Reservoir and Dam) databases, and some socioeconomic data, including population, economy, and consumptions of water, food and energy over the world. Analysis of these data reveals that global dam development has a great impact on the world sustainable development. Further, it is concluded that we need further dam development to maintain our future development.

  14. Yeast NDI1 Improve Oxidative Phosphorylation Capacity and Increases Protection Against Oxidative Stress and Cell Death in Cells Carrying a Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy Mutation

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jeong Soon; Li, You-fen; Bai, Yidong

    2007-01-01

    G11778A in the subunit ND4 gene of NADH dehydrogenase complex is the most common primary mutation found in Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) patients. The NDI1 gene, which encodes the internal NADH -quinone oxidoreductase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, was introduced into the nuclear genome of a mitochondrial defective human cell line, Le1.3.1, carrying the G11778A mutation. In transformant cell lines, LeNDI1-1 and -2, total and complex I-dependent respiration were fully restored and largely resistant to complex I inhibitor, rotenone, indicating a dominant role of NDI1 in the transfer of electrons in the host cells. Whereas the original mutant Le1.3.1 cell grows poorly in medium containing galactose, the transformants have a fully restored growth capacity in galactose medium, although the ATP production was not totally recovered. Furthermore, the increased oxidative stress in the cells carrying the G11778A mutation was alleviated in transformants, demonstrated by a decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. Finally, transformants were also shown to be desensitized to induction to apoptosis and also exhibit greater resistance to paraquat-induced cell death. It is concluded that the yeast ND11 enzyme can improve the oxidative phosphorylation capacity in cells carrying the G11778A mutation and protect the cells from oxidative stress and cell death. PMID:17320357

  15. Modeling an ancient Iranian dam system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ertsen, Maurits; De Schacht, Tijs

    2013-04-01

    In Iran, along the northern and eastern fringes of the Pasargadae plain, five dam remains from the Achaemenid period (550-330 BCE) present an important footprint of the human impact and reshaping of the region. The dams are predominantly found in dry wadi beds. In the framework of the Joint Iranian-French Archaeological Project at Pasargadae, these dam sites were studied and excavated. Located 22 km to the north of Pasargadae in a small wadi, the Sad-i Didegan dam has a watershed of circa 46 square km, small compared with catchments of other known Achaemenid dams. It is an earth built gravity dam of circa 90 m wide, 21 m high and with a crown length of about 150 m. In the lower body of the dam, remains of a feeder canal and an accessible control infrastructure at the downstream flank of the dam were found. To the northwest, the dam site of Sad-i Shahidabad can be found, another large Achaemenid dam, which stored water from the perennial river of the Rud-i Polvar. This dam also had a similar canal and control structure. Close to the Sad-i Didegan area is a large earthwork, found to cross the watershed divide between Didegan and Shahidabad, consisting of a wide V-shaped trench of remarkable size: up to 100 m wide, a total length of at least 900 m and a maximum present day depth of 7.5 m. Even though the construction of the system in this case clearly was left unfinished, the remains echo the major investment of available labor. Given the contemporaneity of both dam sites, it is clear evidence of the more regionally and elaborately planned character of the hydrological endeavors in the Pasargadae area. Only through further study and future fieldwork (also obtaining absolute dating material), this impressive feature will be fully understood. This contribution proposes a possible use of the two dam system using a modern control simulation model. This analysis will also shed light on the question why the system probably never functioned.

  16. Deformation Monitoring and Bathymetry Analyses in Rock-Fill Dams, a Case Study at Ataturk Dam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalkan, Y.; Bilgi, S.

    2014-12-01

    Turkey has 595 dams constructed between 1936 and 2013 for the purposes of irrigation, flood control, hydroelectric energy and drinking water. A major portion of the dam basins in Turkey are deprived of vegetation and have slope topography on near surrounding area. However, landscaping covered with forest around the dam basin is desirable for erosion control. In fact; the dams, have basins deprived of vegetation, fill up quickly due to sediment transport. Erosion control and forestation are important factors, reducing the sediment, to protect the water basins of the dams and increase the functioning life of the dams. The functioning life of dams is as important as the investment and construction. Nevertheless, in order to provide safety of human life living around, well planned monitoring is essential for dams. Dams are very large and critical structures and they demand the use or application of precise measuring systems. Some basic physical data are very important for assessing the safety and performance of dams. These are movement, water pressure, seepage, reservoir and tail-water elevations, local seismic activities, total pressure, stress and strain, internal concrete temperature, ambient temperature and precipitation. Monitoring is an essential component of the dam after construction and during operation and must en­able the timely detection of any behavior that could deteriorate the dam, potentially result in its shutdown or failure. Considering the time and labor consumed by long-term measurements, processing and analysis of measured data, importance of the small structural motions at regular intervals could be comprehended. This study provides some information, safety and the techniques about the deformation monitoring of the dams, dam safety and related analysis. The case study is the deformation measurements of Atatürk Dam in Turkey which is the 6th largest dam of world considering the filling volume of embankment. Brief information is given about the

  17. CG-DAMS: Concrete gravity dam stability analysis software. Application manual, final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    CG-DAMS is a finite element based program written specifically for the stability analysis of concrete gravity dams. The code automates the prediction and evaluation of cracking in the dam, along the dam-rock interface, and in the foundation using incremental nonlinear analysis techniques based on the ``smeared crack`` approach. Its primary application is in the computation of dam-rock interface sliding stability factors of safety. The automated procedure for crack propagation analysis replaces the trial-and-error cracked-base analysis method commonly used in gravity dam safety analyses. This Application manual of CG-DAMS illustrates, through sample problems, the many features of the software. Example problems illustrate the capabilities of both CG-DAMS-PC and CG-DAMS-ABAQUS. CG-DAMS-PC is a menu driven program that runs on 386/486 PCs under the DOS operating system (4 Megabytes RAM, 25 Megabytes of hard disk space). CG-DAMS-ABAQUS is a pre- and post-processor along with a concrete constitutive model and distributed load module that interfaces with the ABAQUS general purpose finite element program. The PC program contains thermal analysis capabilities, a rough crack constitutive model, and an interface to the CRFLOOD software not available with the ABAQUS version. The CG-DAMS-ABAQUS program contains time marching dynamic analysis capabilities not available with the PC program. Example analyses presented include static, pseudo dynamic, and time marching dynamic analyses. The manual also presents sensitivity evaluations on mesh size and foundation material strength. Comparisons are presented between CG-DAMS and gravity method calculations. Comparisons with other finite element software are included for the dynamic time history analyses.

  18. Dam Failure Inundation Map Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, Carl; Iokepa, Judy; Dahlman, Jill; Michaud, Jene; Paylor, Earnest (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    At the end of the first year, we remain on schedule. Property owners were identified and contacted for land access purposes. A prototype software package has been completed and was demonstrated to the Division of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), National Weather Service (NWS) and Pacific Disaster Center (PDC). A field crew gathered data and surveyed the areas surrounding two dams in Waimea. (A field report is included in the annual report.) Data sensitivity analysis was initiated and completed. A user's manual has been completed. Beta testing of the software was initiated, but not completed. The initial TNK and property owner data collection for the additional test sites on Oahu and Kauai have been initiated.

  19. Morphology-dependent optical anisotropies in the n -type polymer P(NDI2OD-T2)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, Steven J.; Schlitz, Ruth A.; Chabinyc, Michael L.; Schuller, Jon A.

    2016-10-01

    Organic semiconductors tend to self-assemble into highly ordered and oriented morphologies with anisotropic optical properties. Studying these optical anisotropies provides insight into processing-dependent structural properties and informs the photonic design of organic photovoltaic and light-emitting devices. Here we measure the anisotropic optical properties of spin-cast films of the n -type polymer P(NDI2OD-T2) using momentum-resolved absorption and emission spectroscopies. We quantify differences in the optical anisotropies of films deposited with distinct face-on and edge-on morphologies. In particular, we infer a substantially larger out-of-plane tilt angle of the optical transition dipole moment in high temperature annealed, edge-on films. Measurements of spectral differences between in-plane and out-of-plane dipoles, further indicate regions of disordered polymers in low temperature annealed face-on films that are otherwise obscured in traditional x-ray and optical characterization techniques. The methods and analysis developed in this work provide a way to identify and quantify subtle optical and structural anisotropies in organic semiconductors that are important for understanding and designing highly efficient thin film devices.

  20. Structural and thermoelectric properties of A-site substituted (Sr1-x-yCaxNdy)TiO3 perovskites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Somaily, Hamoud H.

    Detailed structural results and models are reported for a special class of A-site substituted perovskites, (Sr1-x-yCaxNd y)TiO3, obtained with high resolution NPD data as a function of temperature and Nd composition. Two series with various A-site concentrations were synthesized and investigated. Each series was designed to have a nominally constant tolerance factor. At room temperature (RT), I determine the space groups of the Sr-rich and Sr poor series as being tetragonal I4/mcm and orthorhombic Pbnm, respectively. The RT structures remain unchanged upon increasing the Nd3+ content. However, three different orthorhombic phases, Pbnm, Ibmm, Pbcm, are determined for the Sr-rich series as a function of decreasing temperature; whereas, for the Sr-poor series the orthorhombic Pbnm structure is found to persist throughout the full range of measured temperatures. A phase diagram is constructed and proposed in the temperature range 0-1000 K. Thermoelectric properties of (Sr 1-x-yCaxNdy)TiO3 were also investigated and the best figure of merit ZT=0.07 was obtained with the Sr-rich series.

  1. Interfacial Width Measurements of Dielectric/P(NDI2OD-T2) Using Resonant Soft X-ray Reflectivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Hongping; Gu, Ziran; Gann, Eliot; Collins, Brian; Swaraj, Sufal; Wang, Cheng; Schuettfort, Torben; McNeill, Chris; Ade, Harald

    2011-03-01

    Interfaces between a conjugated polymer and a dielectric play a critical role in organic thin-film transistors, yet it's difficult to measure. Resonant Soft X-ray Reflectivity (R-SoXR) is a unique and relatively simple method to investigate such interfaces. By tuning the soft X-ray energies, we are able to selectively and quantitatively characterize the interfacial width and thicknesses of the films. In an effort to relate performance to interface structure, we have used R-SoXR to investigate polystyrene (PS) or poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) as the top layer and poly{[N,N9-bis(2-octyldodecyl)-naphtha-lene-1,4,5,8-bis(dicarboximide)-2,6-diyl]-alt-5, 59-(2,29-bithiophene)} (P(NDI2OD-T2)) as bottom layer supported on a Si substrate. We found that the device with PS as dielectric has a higher threshold voltage, which correlates to the increased interfacial trapping due to increased interfacial roughness. The extension of R-SoXR to the energy of fluorine K absorption edge is also demonstrated. NSF DMR-0906457, DOE DE-FG02-98ER45737.

  2. Evaluation of ID-PaGIA syphilis antibody test.

    PubMed

    Naaber, Paul; Makoid, Ene; Aus, Anneli; Loivukene, Krista; Poder, Airi

    2009-01-01

    Laboratory diagnosis of syphilis is usually accomplished by serology. There are currently a large number of different commercial treponemal tests available that vary in format, sensitivity and specificity. To evaluate the ID-PaGIA Syphilis Antibody Test as an alternative to other specific treponemal tests for primary screening or confirmation of diagnosis. Serum samples from healthy adults (n = 100) were used for detection of specificity of ID-PaGIA. To evaluate sensitivity of ID-PaGIA serum samples (n = 101) from patients with confirmed or suspected syphilis were tested for syphilis antibodies with FTA-Abs IgM, ID-PaGIA, ELISA IgM and TPHA tests. No false-positive results were found with ID-PaGIA. Sensitivity of various treponemal tests was the following: FTA-Abs IgM: 95.5%, ID-PaGIA and ELISA IgM: 94%, and TPHA 75%. The positive and negative predictive values of ID-PaGIA were 100 and 89.5%, respectively. Compared with other treponemal tests ID-PaGIA has excellent sensitivity and specificity.

  3. An ID2-dependent mechanism for VHL inactivation in cancer.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sang Bae; Frattini, Veronique; Bansal, Mukesh; Castano, Angelica M; Sherman, Dan; Hutchinson, Keino; Bruce, Jeffrey N; Califano, Andrea; Liu, Guangchao; Cardozo, Timothy; Iavarone, Antonio; Lasorella, Anna

    2016-01-14

    Mechanisms that maintain cancer stem cells are crucial to tumour progression. The ID2 protein supports cancer hallmarks including the cancer stem cell state. HIFα transcription factors, most notably HIF2α (also known as EPAS1), are expressed in and required for maintenance of cancer stem cells (CSCs). However, the pathways that are engaged by ID2 or drive HIF2α accumulation in CSCs have remained unclear. Here we report that DYRK1A and DYRK1B kinases phosphorylate ID2 on threonine 27 (Thr27). Hypoxia downregulates this phosphorylation via inactivation of DYRK1A and DYRK1B. The activity of these kinases is stimulated in normoxia by the oxygen-sensing prolyl hydroxylase PHD1 (also known as EGLN2). ID2 binds to the VHL ubiquitin ligase complex, displaces VHL-associated Cullin 2, and impairs HIF2α ubiquitylation and degradation. Phosphorylation of Thr27 of ID2 by DYRK1 blocks ID2-VHL interaction and preserves HIF2α ubiquitylation. In glioblastoma, ID2 positively modulates HIF2α activity. Conversely, elevated expression of DYRK1 phosphorylates Thr27 of ID2, leading to HIF2α destabilization, loss of glioma stemness, inhibition of tumour growth, and a more favourable outcome for patients with glioblastoma.

  4. An ID2-dependent mechanism for VHL inactivation in cancer

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sang Bae; Frattini, Veronique; Bansal, Mukesh; Castano, Angelica M.; Sherman, Dan; Hutchinson, Keino; Bruce, Jeffrey N.; Califano, Andrea; Liu, Guangchao; Cardozo, Timothy; Iavarone, Antonio; Lasorella, Anna

    2015-01-01

    Mechanisms that maintain cancer stem cells are crucial to tumor progression. The ID2 protein underpins cancer hallmarks including the cancer stem cell state. HIFα transcription factors, most notably HIF2α, are expressed in and required for maintenance of cancer stem cells (CSCs). However, the pathways that are engaged by ID2 or drive HIF2α accumulation in CSCs have remained unclear. We report that DYRK1A and DYRK1B kinases phosphorylate ID2 on Threonine-27 (T27). Hypoxia down regulates this phosphorylation via inactivation of DYRK1, whose activity is stimulated in normoxia by the oxygen sensing prolyl hydroxylase PHD1. ID2 binds to the VHL ubiquitin ligase complex, displaces VHL-associated Cullin-2, and impairs HIF2α ubiquitylation and degradation. Phosphorylation of ID2-T27 by DYRK1 blocks ID2-VHL interaction and preserves HIF2α ubiquitylation. In glioblastoma ID2 positively modulates HIF2α activity. Conversely, elevated expression of DYRK1 phosphorylates ID2- T27, leading to HIF2α destabilization, loss of glioma stemness, inhibition of tumor growth, and a more favorable outcome for patients with glioblastoma. PMID:26735018

  5. A Contextual Model for Identity Management (IdM) Interfaces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Nathaniel J.

    2014-01-01

    The usability of Identity Management (IdM) systems is highly dependent upon design that simplifies the processes of identification, authentication, and authorization. Recent findings reveal two critical problems that degrade IdM usability: (1) unfeasible techniques for managing various digital identifiers, and (2) ambiguous security interfaces.…

  6. A Contextual Model for Identity Management (IdM) Interfaces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Nathaniel J.

    2014-01-01

    The usability of Identity Management (IdM) systems is highly dependent upon design that simplifies the processes of identification, authentication, and authorization. Recent findings reveal two critical problems that degrade IdM usability: (1) unfeasible techniques for managing various digital identifiers, and (2) ambiguous security interfaces.…

  7. Optical ID tags for automatic vehicle identification and authentication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Javidi, Bahram; Pérez-Cabré, Elisabet; Millán, María S.

    2008-03-01

    We review the potential of optical techniques in security tasks and propose to combine some of them in the design of new optical ID tags for automatic vehicle identification and authentication. More specifically, we propose to combine visible and near infrared imaging, optical decryption, distortion-invariant ID tags, optoelectronic devices, coherent image processor, optical correlation, and multiple authenticators. A variety of images and signatures, including biometric and random sequences, can be combined in an optical ID tag for multifactor identification. Encryption of the information codified in the ID tag allows increasing security and deters from unauthorized usage of optical tags. A novel NIR ID tag is designed and built by using commonly available materials. The ID tag content cannot be visually perceived at naked eye; it cannot be copied, scanned, or captured by any conventional device. The identification process encompasses several steps such as detection, information decoding and verification which are all detailed in this work. Design of rotation and scale invariant ID tags is taken into account to achieve a correct authentication even if the ID tag is captured in different positions.

  8. Remote object authentication using distortion-invariant ID tags

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perez-Cabre, Elisabet; Millan, Maria S.; Javidi, Bahram

    2005-09-01

    A number of applications in security or inventory control may benefit from an authentication system able to identify a remote object viewed from different perspectives or distances. Object identification can be accomplished by using optical ID tags, which include relevant information of the target and are located on a visible part of the object under surveillance. Encryption of the information codified in the ID tag allows increasing security and deters from unauthorized usage of optical tags. The identification process encompasses several steps such as detection, information decoding and verification which are all detailed in this work. Design of distortion-invariant ID tags has to be taken into account to achieve a correct object authentication even if the ID tag is detected and captured at different distances (i.e. different scales) or from different views (i.e. rotated versions of the original ID tag). Description of diverse distortion-invariant ID tags and authentication results using the proposed ID tags are provided. We show that distortion-tolerance is achieved by the described identification system. Information encrypted on the tested ID tags is correctly decoded and verified even if variations in scale and rotations are considered. The effects of environmental degradation are taken into account in the recognition process.

  9. Extending and implementing the Persistent ID pillars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Car, Nicholas; Golodoniuc, Pavel; Klump, Jens

    2017-04-01

    The recent double decade anniversary of scholarly persistent identifier use has triggered journal special editions such as "20 Years of Persistent Identifiers". For such a publication, it is apt to consider the longevity of some persistent identifier (PID) mechanisms (Digital Object Identifiers) and the partial disappearance of others (Life Sciences IDs). We have previously postulated a set of "PID Pillars" [1] which are design principles aimed at ensuring PIDs can survive technology and social change and thus persist for the long term that we have drawn from our observations of PIDs at work over many years. The principles: describe how to ensure identifiers' system and organisation independence; codify the delivery of essential PID system functions; mandate a separation of PID functions from data delivery mechanisms; and require generation of policies detailing how change is handled. In this presentation, first we extend on our previous work of introducing the pillars by refining their descriptions, giving specific suggestions for each and presenting some work that addresses them. Second, we propose a baseline data model for persistent identifiers that, if used, would assist the separation of PID metadata and PID system functioning. This would allow PID system function specifics to change over time (e.g. resolver services or even resolution protocols) and yet preserve the PIDs themselves. Third, we detail our existing PID system — the PID Service [2] — that partially implements the pillars and describe both its successes and shortcomings. Finally, we describe our planned next-generation system that will aim to use the baseline data model and fully implement the pillars.

  10. Trapping efficiency of three types check dams experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Hui-Kai; CHEN, Su-Chin; AN, Hsuan-Pei

    2015-04-01

    The check dams constructed to trap debris flow. This study divide check dams into three types as closed-type check dam, slit dam, and modular steel check dam. Closed-type check dam which can trap all kind of sediment or driftwood. Slit check dam is permeable dam, so it can prevent from depositing all of sediment or driftwood. A modular steel check dam improves the existing hard-to-change disadvantages of slit dam structure. The assembling of longitudinal and transverse beams can be constructed independently, and then it could be freely configured to form a flexibly adjustable modular steel check dam. This study used the laws of geometric similitude to design model of dam. To explore the trapping mechanisms and phenomenon in different dismantle transverse beams conditions and compared the trapping efficiency with different type of check dams. This study used different volume ratio with driftwood and sediment. In order to capture the trace of debris flow and calculate accuracy velocity of debris flow the study used several high-speed photography combining the method of 3D Remodeling from Motion Structure with Multi-View Stereo which constructed with multiple photos of overlapping coefficient at least 70% and established three-dimensional system of coordinate in laboratory experiment. As a result, the driftwood deposition rate of modular steel check dam increase 60% than slit dam and 40% than closed-type dam; the debris deposition rate increase 30% than slit dam. In addition, the increment of driftwood volume ratio led to the increment of trapping efficiency of three type of check dams. Meanwhile slit dam is the most effective type in trapping driftwood and sediment with more than 50% of increased rate, because of more driftwood flow through the slit dam jam together easily. Finally, transverse beams which installed the modular steel check dam can suppress the upward movement of driftwood, therefore driftwood can easily form the arched stacking efficiency with

  11. 46. Photocopy of photograph, c. 1933. VIEW OF DAM AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    46. Photocopy of photograph, c. 1933. VIEW OF DAM AND FOREBAY. NOTE ALL WATER FLOWING THROUGH FOREBAY AND OUT EITHER TAILRACE OR SLUICE GATE (INSTEAD OF OVER DAM) BECAUSE OF LOW WATER FLOW. (Courtesy of the Potomac Edison Company Library (Hagerstown, MD), Historical Data Files, Dam No. 5 listing - Dam No. 5 Hydroelectric Plant, On Potomac River, Hedgesville, Berkeley County, WV

  12. 8. WEST DAM, LOOKING DUE NORTH OVER TOP OF WEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. WEST DAM, LOOKING DUE NORTH OVER TOP OF WEST DAM, SHOWING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OUTLET TO RIGHT OF DAM, NEW PUMP PLANT BUILDING AND CANAL TO LEFT OF DAM. - Eastside Reservoir, Diamond & Domenigoni Valleys, southwest of Hemet, Hemet, Riverside County, CA

  13. 8. VIEW OF BASIN BEHIND DAM, SHOWING SCARS FROM EARTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. VIEW OF BASIN BEHIND DAM, SHOWING SCARS FROM EARTH MOVING TO CONSTRUCT DAM, LOOKING NORTH - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, East Timothy Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 8.4 miles North of Swift Creek Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  14. 4. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM, WITH SCARS FROM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM, WITH SCARS FROM EARTH MOVING TO CONSTRUCT DAM IN FOREGROUND, LOOKING NORTHWEST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, Five Point Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 12 miles Northwest of Swift Creek Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  15. 9. VIEW OF BASIN BEHIND DAM, SHOWING SCARS FROM EARTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. VIEW OF BASIN BEHIND DAM, SHOWING SCARS FROM EARTH MOVING TO CONSTRUCT DAM, LOOKING EAST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, East Timothy Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 8.4 miles North of Swift Creek Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  16. 66. AVALON DAM Photographic copy of historic photo, May ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    66. AVALON DAM - Photographic copy of historic photo, May 22, 1908 (original print filed in Record Group 115, National Archives, Washington, D.C.) W.J.Lubken, photographer 'VIEW LOOKING EAST FROM WEST END OF AVALON DAM, SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM' - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

  17. 2. Overview of the Lost River Diversion Dam House complex ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Overview of the Lost River Diversion Dam House complex taken from west edge of horseshoe-shaped Lost River Diversion Dam. Interior of east side of dam in the foreground. Facing East. - Klamath Basin Project, Lost River Diversion Dam House, Lost River near intersection of State Highway 140 & Hill Road, Klamath Falls, Klamath County, OR

  18. 53. AVALON DAM Photographic copy of historic photo, August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    53. AVALON DAM - Photographic copy of historic photo, August 9, 1893 (original print located at the Carlsbad Irrigation District offices, Carlsbad, New Mexico) photographer unknown 'EDDY DAM. LOOKING EAST.' VIEW OF COLLAPSED DAM - Carlsbad Irrigation District, Avalon Dam, On Pecos River, 4 miles North of Carlsbad, Carlsbad, Eddy County, NM

  19. 43. Credit TR. Reconstruction of Dam No. 4 after 1936 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    43. Credit TR. Reconstruction of Dam No. 4 after 1936 flood. Pouring concrete for new dam section; opening at left for flume to remove water from behind coffer dam. Photo c. 1936 - Dam No. 4 Hydroelectric Plant, Potomac River, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, WV

  20. 43 CFR 418.18 - Diversions at Derby Dam.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Diversions at Derby Dam. 418.18 Section 418... and Management § 418.18 Diversions at Derby Dam. (a) Diversions of Truckee River water at Derby Dam...) Increases in canal diversions which would reduce Truckee River flows below Derby Dam by more than 20...

  1. 6. DAM AFTERBAY, WITH OWYEE RIVER IN FOREGROUND, SHOWING OUTLET ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. DAM AFTERBAY, WITH OWYEE RIVER IN FOREGROUND, SHOWING OUTLET TUNNEL PORTAL (LEFT) AND POWERHOUSE AND ENTRANCE PORTAL TO DAM INTERIOR (RIGHT). NOTE RELEASE OF WATER FROM NEEDLE VALVE NUMBER 2 IN VALVEHOUSE ON DAM. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Owyhee Dam, Across Owyhee River, Nyssa, Malheur County, OR

  2. 7. SOUTHEAST VIEW OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE MULTIPLE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. SOUTHEAST VIEW OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE MULTIPLE ARCHES, AN UPSTREAM VIEW OF THE PARAPET WALL ALONG THE CREST OF THE DAM, AND THE SHELTER HOUSE AT THE EAST END OF THE DAM. - Big Dalton Dam, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

  3. Geophysics Methods in Electrometric Assessment of Dams

    SciTech Connect

    Davydov, V. A. Baidikov, S. V. Gorshkov, V. Yu. Malikov, A. V.

    2016-07-15

    The safety assessment of hydraulic structures is proposed to be conducted via geoelectric measurements, which are capable of assessing the health of earth dams in their natural bedding without intervention in their structure. Geoelectric measurements are shown as being capable of pinpointing hazardous parts of a dam, including areas of elevated seepage. Applications of such methods are shown for a number of mini-dams in the Sverdlovsk region. Aparameter (effective longitudinal conductivity) that may be used to monitor the safety of hydraulic structures is proposed. Quantitative estimates of this parameter are given in terms of the degree of safely.

  4. Concrete dam on the Bratsk hydroelectric station

    SciTech Connect

    Solov'eva, Z.I.

    1988-07-01

    The Bratsk concrete dam was designed and constructed with a sufficient degree of reliability. Settlement of the dam together with the powerhouse developed uniformly under the entire foundation. Two irreversible processes causing aging of the dam have been established by operating observations: leaching of the concrete and decompression of the contact zone of the foundation near the upstream face of the powerhouse sections. The decompression is due to the fact that the powerhouse sections are lighter than the spillway sections. At the present level this process can only be slowed by the combined use of grouting and drainage unloading.

  5. The role of dams in development.

    PubMed

    Altinbilek, Doğan

    2002-01-01

    Dams are a major issue in sustainable management of finite water resources; they have also become the subject of vigorous public debate. This article considers them in the light of the report of the World Commission on Dams and using the example of Turkey. It is argued that economic development and population growth, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions, make plain the need for dams for hydropower and irrigation. Environmental impact assessment is essential, as are effective programmes for resettlement to avoid the impoverishment of displaced people.

  6. Sustainability of dams-an evaluation approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petersson, E.

    2003-04-01

    Situated in the stream bed of a river, dams and reservoirs interrupt the natural hydrological cycle. They are very sensitive to all kinds of changes in the catchment, among others global impacts on land use, climate, settlement structures or living standards. Vice versa dams strongly affect the spatially distributed, complex system of ecology, economy and society in the catchment both up- and downstream of the reservoir. The occurrence of negative impacts due to large dams led to serious conflicts about future dams. Nevertheless, water shortages due to climatic conditions and their changes, that are faced by enormous water and energy demands due to rising living standards of a growing world population, seem to require further dam construction, even if both supply and demand management are optimised. Although environmental impact assessments are compulsory for dams financed by any of the international funding agencies, it has to be assumed that the projects lack sustainability. Starting from an inventory of today's environmental impact assessments as an integral part of a feasibility study the presentation will identify their inadequacies with regard to the sustainability of dams. To improve the sustainability of future dams and avoid the mistakes of the past, the planning procedures for dams have to be adapted. The highly complex and dynamical system of interrelated physical and non-physical processes, that involves many different groups of stakeholders, constitutes the need for a model-oriented decision support system. In line with the report of the World Commission of Dams an integrated analysis and structure of the complex interrelations between dams, ecology, economy and society will be presented. Thus the system, that a respective tool will be based on, is analysed. Furthermore an outlook will be given on the needs of the potential users of a DSS and how it has to be embedded in the overall planning process. The limits of computer-based decision-support in the

  7. Weighing a dam's economic and environmental impact

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    While some people claim that it was a publicity stunt or criticize it as an economic loss and a move in the wrong direction, the breaching of the low-slung Edwards Dam on July 1 has changed the landscape of the Kennebec River flowing through Augusta, Maine, and may also change the landscape for some other dammed rivers nationwide.The breaching marks the first time that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), which licenses nonfederal hydroelectric projects, has ruled that a dam should be removed because the environmental damage that it causes outweighs its economic benefits.

  8. Safety evaluation of arch dam stability

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Defu

    1995-12-31

    The abutment sliding is the main form of failure in arch dams. Two approaches are used in defining and evaluating the stability safety factor which are the load safety factor Kp and strength safety factor Kf. So far, the Kp method is still the main method in stability model test of arch dams. This paper, to begin with the analysis of the stability formulas and the influence factors of stability in arch dams, will discuss in detail the merits and demerits of Kp and Kf methods and compare Kp with Kf for same structure. A new approach is proposed and the test steps existing problems and their solutions are all discussed.

  9. National Dam Inspection Program. Kunkles Dam (NDS I.D. Number PA 00669, DER I.D. Number 54-67), Delaware River Basin, Pine Creek, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    be replaced. Because of the potential for property damage in the event of failure, a formal procedure of observation and warning during periods of...breast and a gate. Other records in DER files are primarily limited to periodic inspection reports. These reports indicate that trees have been growing on...to be established during periods of exceedingly heavy rainfalls. 4.5 Evaluation. There are no written operational procedures, main- tenance procedures

  10. National Dam Inspection Program. Bradys Lake Dam. (NDS-ID Number PA-00782) (DER-ID Number 45-8) Delaware River Basin, Trout Creek, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-01

    should be made to increase the discharge capacity of the structure. 2. Seepage at the downstream toe should be periodically monitored and checked, at...have a formal procedure of observation and warning during periods of high precipita- tion, such procedures should be developed and implemented. This...the Pennsylvania Game Commission, who periodically collect-debris from the spillway approach area, inspect the bridge and maintain a clear way for

  11. National Dam Inspection Program. Broomalls Dam (NDS I.D. Number PA 00349, DER I.D. Number 23-9), Delaware River Basin, Tributary to Ridley Creek, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    soil and settled. The culvert buckled at the point where it bent. Reportedly, this has been a result of surface runoff from Third Street, flowing over...at its * outlet and had a column of ice between the culvert outlet and embankment toe. There was no supporting soil for at least 16 *feet behind the...outlet. Ice was visible where the culvert *entered the soil . The middle culvert has pulled apart at a joint and is held together by a band. Evidence of

  12. National Dam Inspection Program. Moose Creek Reservoir Dam, (NDS I.D. Number PA-00423, PennDer I.D. Number 17-6), Susquehanna River Basin, Moose Creek, Clearfield County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-03-01

    31 feet Top Width = 20 feet Side Slopes - upstream: 2H:IV downstream: I-I/2H:lV 3 Zoning - Earth. "Select" material placed upstream of the concrete...selected material on the upstream side of the core wall and coarser material on the downstream side with all stones over 6 inches removed. The embankment...removed from the earth fill were placed on the slopes for riprap to a depth of 2 or 3 feet, and upon completion the stone on the downstream side was

  13. National Dam Inspection Program. Oxford Valley Mall Dam (NDS-ID Number PA-00801, DER-ID Number 9-171), Delaware River Basin, Queen Ann Creek, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    be in good condition, with some slight leaks through the top and sides and leachate stalactites . The exposed portions of the transition structure at...available design/eval- uation data, relatively simple hydraulic calculations, or information from the USGS Quandrangle maps. The input format is flexible...approximately midway within a 2,000 foot wide northeast-southwest trending belt of Chickies Quartzite. This early Cambrian age formation consists of

  14. National Dam Inspection Program. Railroad Creek Dam (NDS ID Number 01062, DER ID Number 9-175, SCS Number PA 615), Delaware River Basin, Tributary to West Branch Neshaming Creek, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    upstream of Chalfont, a formal procedure of observation and warning during periods of high precipitation has been developed. The Owner also has an...aware of the written procedures to insure that all items are carefully inspected and maintained on a periodic basis. 4 ary&. Beck, P.E. Date...Harrisburg. The embankment was seeded during an exceptionally mild spell in late October 1977, toward the end of the seeding period . At least some of the seed

  15. National Dam Inspection Program. Placid Lake Dam, (NDS I.D Number PA 00616, DER I.D. Number 13-97), Delaware River Basin, Laurel Run, Carbon County, Pennsylvania. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    134.00 142.00 0.00 0.00 LOIS DATA 13091 113 31113 31101 [A 1 7* 1m30 31303 31011. CulTL ALSIX 31119 0 0.0o 0.00 1.0 0.0 0.00 1.00 3.00 05 0.06 0.0 19...2.40 31119 . 9 12.14 M5.84 61.)( 1016.29) CDM L 4IO111, WiTION MKiIN M l5W Him am INNIcI 1A1uC JPLI joI w IIA tlioEn los INg 1 0 0 0 6 4 0 ILI lm A

  16. Reliablity analysis of gravity dams by response surface method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Humar, Nina; Kryžanowski, Andrej; Brilly, Mitja; Schnabl, Simon

    2013-04-01

    A dam failure is one of the most important problems in dam industry. Since the mechanical behavior of dams is usually a complex phenomenon existing classical mathematical models are generally insufficient to adequately predict the dam failure and thus the safety of dams. Therefore, numerical reliability methods are often used to model such a complex mechanical phenomena. Thus, the main purpose of the present paper is to present the response surface method as a powerful mathematical tool used to study and foresee the dam safety considering a set of collected monitoring data. The derived mathematical model is applied to a case study, the Moste dam, which is the highest concrete gravity dam in Slovenia. Based on the derived model, the ambient/state variables are correlated with the dam deformation in order to gain a forecasting tool able to define the critical thresholds for dam management.

  17. The relationship of dementia prevalence in older adults with intellectual disability (ID) to age and severity of ID.

    PubMed

    Strydom, A; Hassiotis, A; King, M; Livingston, G

    2009-01-01

    Previous research has shown that adults with intellectual disability (ID) may be more at risk of developing dementia in old age than expected. However, the effect of age and ID severity on dementia prevalence rates has never been reported. We investigated the predictions that older adults with ID should have high prevalence rates of dementia that differ between ID severity groups and that the age-associated risk should be shifted to a younger age relative to the general population. A two-staged epidemiological survey of 281 adults with ID without Down syndrome (DS) aged 60 years; participants who screened positive with a memory task, informant-reported change in function or with the Dementia Questionnaire for Persons with Mental Retardation (DMR) underwent a detailed assessment. Diagnoses were made by psychiatrists according to international criteria. Prevalence rates were compared with UK prevalence and European consensus rates using standardized morbidity ratios (SMRs). Dementia was more common in this population (prevalence of 18.3%, SMR 2.77 in those aged 65 years). Prevalence rates did not differ between mild, moderate and severe ID groups. Age was a strong risk factor and was not influenced by sex or ID severity. As predicted, SMRs were higher for younger age groups compared to older age groups, indicating a relative shift in age-associated risk. Criteria-defined dementia is 2-3 times more common in the ID population, with a shift in risk to younger age groups compared to the general population.

  18. 33 CFR 208.19 - Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Texas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Texas. 208.19 Section 208.19 Navigation and Navigable Waters... Marshall Ford Dam and Reservoir (Mansfield Dam and Lake Travis), Colorado River, Texas. In the interest of flood control, the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) shall operate the Marshall Ford Dam and...

  19. Analysis of seismic disaster failure mechanism and dam-break simulation of high arch dam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jingkui; Zhang, Liaojun

    2014-06-01

    Based on a Chinese national high arch dam located in a meizoseismal region, a nonlinear numerical analysis model of the damage and failure process of a dam-foundation system is established by employing a 3-D deformable distinct element code (3DEC) and its re-development functions. The proposed analysis model considers the dam-foundation-reservoir coupling effect, influence of nonlinear contact in the opening and closing of the dam seam surface and abutment rock joints during strong earthquakes, and radiation damping of far field energy dissipation according to the actual workability state of an arch dam. A safety assessment method and safety evaluation criteria is developed to better understand the arch dam system disaster process from local damage to ultimate failure. The dynamic characteristics, disaster mechanism, limit bearing capacity and the entire failure process of a high arch dam under a strong earthquake are then analyzed. Further, the seismic safety of the arch dam is evaluated according to the proposed evaluation criteria and safety assessment method. As a result, some useful conclusions are obtained for some aspects of the disaster mechanism and failure process of an arch dam. The analysis method and conclusions may be useful in engineering practice.

  20. Water Control Manual: Fullerton Dam, Fullerton Creek, California

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    t. .0 Crest elevation .................................. ft... 290 Design nur.harge (modified Rational Method ) ...... ft... 8.4 Design...discharge (modified Rational Method ) ...... ft... 3380 Outlets: Uncontrolled Number and size .................................. 1 - 3’W x 2’H Entrance invert...Corps of Engineer dams, Brea Dam and Carbon Canyon Dam, are located near Fullerton Dam, but each dam primarily protects its separate downstream channel

  1. Research on Dam Simulation System Based on OpenGL

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Kairong; Wang, Juanni; Zuo, Kui; Yun, Jian

    Dam, not only has great ability to alleviate water shortages especially during the dry season which improve hydropower capacity, but also plays an imporant rule in the river ecosystem. Dam has significant effect in improving our water environment and protecting ecological system.This paper copes with the three-dimensional model of dams and discusses OpenGL modeling, lighting, material, model transformation, perspective transformation technologies to achieve visualization of the dam, and eventually we visualize the dam through concrete examples.

  2. Allergic reaction after rubber dam placement.

    PubMed

    de Andrade, E D; Ranali, J; Volpato, M C; de Oliveira, M M

    2000-03-01

    In the last few years allergic reactions to natural rubber latex (NRL) have increased in dental practice affecting both the dental team and patients. Some case reports discuss the potential risks of hypersensitivity to NRL products. An adverse patient reaction after dental rubber dam placement is reported. About 1 min after the isolation of the tooth with a rubber dam the patient presented signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity. Oxygen and intravenous hydrocortisone were administered and the patient kept under observation. After 2 h she had stable vital signs and no more allergics symptoms. It is unclear whether components of the NRL dam or the cornstarch powder incorporated with the rubber dam was responsible for the allergic reaction. Dentists must be aware of the health problem and be prepared for an adequate management in dental practice.

  3. Industrial design of an earth overflow dam

    SciTech Connect

    Pravdivets, Yu.P.

    1988-06-01

    As a result of theoretical and experimental investigations of earth overflow dams of various types and purpose conducted by the author in the past ten years, methods of calculating the stability of protective structures of riprap, reinforcement meshes, gabions, and in situ and precast reinforced concrete were substantiated; the limits of economic applicability of various types of revetments and structures were determined; and new efficient designs of dams and revetments allowing the overflow of water with large discharge intensities were proposed. An earth overflow dam with the downstream slope protected by a precast reinforced-concrete revetment was determined to be the most effective design-technological solution. Both the entire dam or a part of it can be made overflow. The design has been realized on a number of experimental water-management objects which are reviewed.

  4. 7 CFR 1724.55 - Dam safety.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... impounding capacity at maximum water storage elevation of 55 acre-feet (68,000 m3) or more. (ii) The“Federal... publications regarding dam safety are available from FEMA: (i)“Emergency Action Planning Guidelines for...

  5. White Sturgeon Passage at The Dalles Dam

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    2008-01-01

    Researchers at the USGS Western Fisheries Research Center's Columbia River Research Laboratory, working with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, sought to better understand upstream and downstream passage of white sturgeon at dams. A study at The Dalles Dam provided the opportunity to compare two fish ladders; one that passes sturgeon upstream to one that does not, to determine if subtle differences in construction result in better passage of white sturgeon. Researchers conducted a study using a combination of acoustic and radio telemetry technologies to obtain information on juvenile and adult white sturgeon near The Dalles Dam, with the objectives of characterizing the distribution and movements of white sturgeon in the immediate vicinity of the dam and to determine timing and routes of upstream and downstream passage.

  6. Geologic Conceptual Model of Mosul Dam

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-01

    options in the Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) • MODFLOW modeling • ERDC Hydrogeologic Flow Model for Mosul Dam Most of the workshop time was...L., T. J. Budge, A. M. Lemon, and A. K. Zundel. 2002. Generating MODFLOW grids from boundary representation solid models. Ground Water 40(2):194-200...Modeling System (GMS) • MODFLOW Modeling • ERDC Hydrogeologic Flow Model for Mosul Dam ERDC TR-07-6 31 Trainees To fully benefit from the

  7. Big dams rise in little Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-05-26

    A team of international consultants, dam builders, tunnelers and workers are putting together a $2-billion, four-dam hydropower and irrigation development ot the Mahaweli River in Sri Lanka, India. The 30-year project is to be completed in 7 years and will harness the Mahaweli and its tributaries, initially for irrigation 350,000 acres and developing over 400 Mw of electrical capacity.

  8. Stability of the Zhitomir cellular buttress dam

    SciTech Connect

    Zeryukov, V.I.; Karlin, S.I.

    1985-05-01

    This paper reports on the results of inspections of the Zhitomir dam, which show that during its 15-year operation the negligible cracks that have appeared have not affected the strength of the structure. This confirms the main theoretical and construction decisions made in planning the dam. Secondly, to improve monitoring of the conditions of hydraulic structures in general, the authors recommend that they be equipped with measuring instruments such as height markers and piezometers.

  9. Global phosphorus retention by river damming

    PubMed Central

    Maavara, Taylor; Parsons, Christopher T.; Ridenour, Christine; Stojanovic, Severin; Dürr, Hans H.; Powley, Helen R.; Van Cappellen, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    More than 70,000 large dams have been built worldwide. With growing water stress and demand for energy, this number will continue to increase in the foreseeable future. Damming greatly modifies the ecological functioning of river systems. In particular, dam reservoirs sequester nutrient elements and, hence, reduce downstream transfer of nutrients to floodplains, lakes, wetlands, and coastal marine environments. Here, we quantify the global impact of dams on the riverine fluxes and speciation of the limiting nutrient phosphorus (P), using a mechanistic modeling approach that accounts for the in-reservoir biogeochemical transformations of P. According to the model calculations, the mass of total P (TP) trapped in reservoirs nearly doubled between 1970 and 2000, reaching 42 Gmol y−1, or 12% of the global river TP load in 2000. Because of the current surge in dam building, we project that by 2030, about 17% of the global river TP load will be sequestered in reservoir sediments. The largest projected increases in TP and reactive P (RP) retention by damming will take place in Asia and South America, especially in the Yangtze, Mekong, and Amazon drainage basins. Despite the large P retention capacity of reservoirs, the export of RP from watersheds will continue to grow unless additional measures are taken to curb anthropogenic P emissions. PMID:26644553

  10. Floodplain Hyporheic Response under Dam Release Hydrographs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, T.; Ward, A. S.; O'Connor, B. L.; Endreny, T. A.

    2012-12-01

    Hydropower operations cause altered hydrograph patterns downstream of dams, which regulates the direction and magnitude of floodplain and riverbed hyporheic flux. Periodic adjustments in river stage changes temporal and spatial patterns in hydraulic pressure, initiates propagation of lateral and vertical hyporheic flux, and affects the riparian ecological system by changing the hyporheic penetration distance, hyporheic flux rate, and thermal conditions in river banks. While this issue has been largely neglected by watershed scientists and managers, there is the potential to use hyporheic metrics in setting dam release rules and restoring downstream river reaches. In order to evaluate the hyporheic feedbacks of various dam release patterns, this study applied a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model to simulate the interaction of open water hydrographs on porous media lateral hyporheic exchange for the Green River, Utah, downstream of Flaming Gorge Dam. The CFD initially represented the river as a straight channel with a thick porous media extending from the channel banks and bottom. The dam release hydrographs changed the patterns of hyporheic flux at the river banks, the penetration distance of the hyporheic flux, the subsurface thermal patterns, and the residence time of water in the subsurface. The results suggest the undulating river stage downstream of dam releases can initiate patterns of hyporheic exchange similar to those induced by restoration of river bed morphology.

  11. Distributional Impacts of Large Dams in China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bao, X.

    2010-12-01

    Dams on a river are believed to have heterogeneous impacts to the upstream, local and downstream areas. Generally, irrigation dams will bring benefits to the downstream by facilitating more irrigation, while it will bring negative impacts to upstream due to inundation or no impact to local area as a combination result of population dislocation and economic benefits. This paper checked the impacts of large dams (above 100 meters) on the upstream, downstream and local area, using 2000-2008 county level data in China. Robust heterogeneous impacts of different categories of dams (mainly dams serving for irrigation, hydropower, or other purposes) were found on different areas, using IV regression approaches. Dams higher than 100 meters are significantly and heterogeneously impacting agricultural production, urban employment and rural per capita income. Its beneficial impact on agriculture production is significant for downstream especially in continuous drought years. But its impacts on social welfare indicators, such as primary school enrollment and hospital beds, are not heterogeneously different across regions.

  12. Stability analysis of White Oak Dam

    SciTech Connect

    1995-04-11

    White Oak Dam is located in the White Oak Creek watershed which provides the primary surface drainage for Oak Ridge National Laboratory. A stability analysis was made on the dam by Syed Ahmed in January 1994 which included an evaluation of the liquefaction potential of the embankment and foundation. This report evaluates the stability of the dam and includes comments on the report prepared by Ahmed. Slope stability analyses were performed on the dam and included cases for sudden drawdown, steady seepage, partial pool and earthquake. Results of the stability analyses indicate that the dam is stable and failure of the structure would not occur for the cases considered. The report prepared by Ahmed leads to the same conclusions as stated above. Review of the report finds that it is complete, well documented and conservative in its selection of soil parameters. The evaluation of the liquefaction potential is also complete and this report is in agreement with the findings that the dam and foundation are not susceptible to liquefaction.

  13. Crosshole seismic tomography across a masonry dam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wong, Joe

    1995-05-01

    An intensive crosshole seismic survey was done across a 700-foot-long stone-masonry dam. It involved measurements on six connected panels each approximately 100 feet in width extending completely across the dam from abutment to abutment. The objective was to provide tomographic images of P-wave velocity and dynamic elastic moduli of the dam and foundation materials along the axis of the dam. Field seismograms were recorded with an airgun source and hydrophone detectors. Data analysis included interactive time-picking, plotting of common source gathers, and tomographic imaging using an iterative back-propagation technique. Color-coded tomograms of velocity and dynamic Young's modulus were produced and correlated with geological and geophysical data measured on drill core samples. Low values of velocity and dynamic elastic modulus correlated with low RQD and high fracture frequency. The tomograms showed significant variations of mechanical properties in the stone masonry dam and its foundation. The colored tomograms were useful in highlighting zones of weak rock possibly requiring remedial action. They also assisted engineering evaluation of the dam by providing a detailed two-dimensional distribution of mechanical properties which can be used as ground truth data for numerical modeling of stress-strain fields.

  14. Geodetic deformation monitoring at Pendidikan Diponegoro Dam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuwono, Bambang Darmo; Awaluddin, Moehammad; Yusuf, M. A.; Fadillah, Rizki

    2017-07-01

    Deformation monitoring is one indicator to assess the feasibility of Dam. In order to get the correct result of the deformation, it is necessary to determine appropriate deformation monitoring network and the observation data should be analyse and evaluated carefully. Measurement and analysis of deformation requires relatively accurate data and the precision is high enough, one of the observation method that used is GPS (Global Positioning System). The research was conducted at Pendidikan Undip Dams is Dam which is located in Tembang. Diponegoro Dam was built in 2013 and a volume of 50.86 m3 of water, inundation normal width of up to 13,500 m2. The main purpose of these building is not only for drainage but also for education and micro hydro power plant etc. The main goal of this reasearch was to monitor and analyze the deformation at Pendidikan Undip Dam and to determaine whether GPS measurement could meet accuracy requirement for dam deformation measurements. Measurements were made 2 times over 2 years, 2015 and 2016 using dual frequency GPS receivers with static methods and processed by Scientific Software GAMIT 10.6

  15. National Dam Safety Program. Welch Lake Dam (MO 10733), Missouri - Kansas City Basin, Boone County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-01

    of Non-Federal Dams. This report assesses the general condition of the dam with respect to safety, based on available data and on visual inspection...Corps of Engi- neers. The purpose of the inspection wa to make an assessment of the general condition of the dam with respect to safety, based upon...professional engineering organizations, and private engineers. Based on these guidelines, this dam is classified as a small size dam with a high

  16. 416492 ORCID IDs and Counting: Uptake by the Astronomical Community

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holmquist, J.; Erdmann, C.; Damon, J.

    2015-04-01

    ORCID — an acronym short for Open Researcher and Contributor ID — is an international, interdisciplinary and community-driven effort to create and maintain a registry of persistent, unique identifiers for researchers and scholars. ORCID IDs are extremely important in the disambiguation of non-unique author names. They can also be embedded in key workflows, such as research profile maintenance, manuscript submissions and grant applications. Using several approaches to reach out to our users, we will report on ORCID ID uptake by the astronomical community.

  17. Dam failure analysis for the Lago de Matrullas Dam, Orocovis, Puerto Rico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Torres-Sierra, Heriberto; Gómez-Fragoso, Julieta

    2015-01-01

    Results from the simulated dam failure of the Lago de Matrullas Dam using the HEC–RAS model for the 6- and 24-hour PMP events showed peak discharges at the dam of 3,149.33 and 3,604.70 m3/s, respectively. Dam failure during the 100-year-recurrence, 24-hour rainfall event resulted in a peak discharge of 2,103.12 m3/s directly downstream from the dam. Dam failure under sunny day conditions produced a peak discharge of 1,695.91 m3/s at the dam assuming the antecedent lake level was at the morning-glory spillway invert elevation. Flood-inundation maps prepared as part of the study depict the flood extent and provide valuable information for preparing an Emergency Action Plan. Results of the failure analysis indicate that a failure of the Lago de Matrullas Dam could cause flooding to many of the inhabited areas along stream banks from the Lago de Matrullas Dam to the mouth of the Río Grande de Manatí. Among the areas most affected are the low-lying regions in the vicinity of the towns of Ciales, Manatí, and Barceloneta. The delineation of the flood boundaries near the town of Barceloneta considered the effects of a levee constructed during 2000 at Barceloneta in the flood plain of the Río Grande de Manatí to provide protection against flooding to the near-by low-lying populated areas. The results showed overtopping can be expected in the aforementioned levee during 6- and 24-hour probable-maximum-precipitation dam failure scenarios. No overtopping of the levee was simulated, however, during dam failure scenarios under the 100-year recurrence, 24-hour rainfall event or sunny day conditions.

  18. Hydraulics of embankment-dam breaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walder, J. S.; Iverson, R. M.; Logan, M.; Godt, J. W.; Solovitz, S.

    2012-12-01

    Constructed or natural earthen dams can pose hazards to downstream communities. Experiments to date on earthen-dam breaching have focused on dam geometries relevant to engineering practice. We have begun experiments with dam geometries more like those of natural dams. Water was impounded behind dams constructed at the downstream end of the USGS debris-flow flume. Dams were made of compacted, well-sorted, moist beach sand (D50=0.21 mm), 3.5 m from toe to toe, but varying in height from 0.5 to 1 m; the lower the dam, the smaller the reservoir volume and the broader the initially flat crest. Breaching was started by cutting a slot 30-40 mm wide and deep in the dam crest after filling the reservoir. Water level and pore pressure within the dam were monitored. Experiments were also recorded by an array of still- and video cameras above the flume and a submerged video camera pointed at the upstream dam face. Photogrammetric software was used to create DEMs from stereo pairs, and particle-image velocimetry was used to compute the surface-velocity field from the motion of tracers scattered on the water surface. As noted by others, breaching involves formation and migration of a knickpoint (or several). Once the knickpoint reaches the upstream dam face, it takes on an arcuate form whose continued migration we determined by measuring the onset of motion of colored markers on the dam face. The arcuate feature, which can be considered the head of the "breach channel", is nearly coincident with the transition from subcritical to supercritical flow; that is, it acts as a weir that hydraulically controls reservoir emptying. Photogenic slope failures farther downstream, although the morphologically dominant process at work, play no role at all in hydraulic control aside from rare instances in which they extend upstream so far as to perturb the weir, where the flow cross section is nearly self-similar through time. The domain downstream of the critical-flow section does influence

  19. MicroRNAs and intellectual disability (ID) in Down syndrome, X-linked ID, and Fragile X syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Siew, Wei-Hong; Tan, Kai-Leng; Babaei, Maryam Abbaspour; Cheah, Pike-See; Ling, King-Hwa

    2013-01-01

    Intellectual disability (ID) is one of the many features manifested in various genetic syndromes leading to deficits in cognitive function among affected individuals. ID is a feature affected by polygenes and multiple environmental factors. It leads to a broad spectrum of affected clinical and behavioral characteristics among patients. Until now, the causative mechanism of ID is unknown and the progression of the condition is poorly understood. Advancement in technology and research had identified various genetic abnormalities and defects as the potential cause of ID. However, the link between these abnormalities with ID is remained inconclusive and the roles of many newly discovered genetic components such as non-coding RNAs have not been thoroughly investigated. In this review, we aim to consolidate and assimilate the latest development and findings on a class of small non-coding RNAs known as microRNAs (miRNAs) involvement in ID development and progression with special focus on Down syndrome (DS) and X-linked ID (XLID) [including Fragile X syndrome (FXS)]. PMID:23596395

  20. National Dam Safety Program. Windmiller Dam Number 1 (MO 10035), Windmiller Dam Number 2 (MO 11675), Missouri - Kansas City Basin, Boone County, Missouri. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-05-01

    excavated through limestone bedrock approx- Cimately 1300 feet north of the left end of the dam. See Plate A-l. (b) Dam No. 2 discharge is through a...flows and flow from the spring are not periodi- cally monitored for change of color or change in volume. b. Dam No. 2. The lack of control of erosion of...which is considered a deficiency. c. Operating Records. There are no controlled operating facilities for these dams. d. Post Construction Changes . It

  1. Id-1 and Id-2 genes and products as therapeutic targets for treatment of breast cancer and other types of carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Desprez, Pierre-Yves; Campisi, Judith

    2014-09-30

    A method for treatment and amelioration of breast, cervical, ovarian, endometrial, squamous cells, prostate cancer and melanoma in a patient comprising targeting Id-1 or Id-2 gene expression with a delivery vehicle comprising a product which modulates Id-1 or Id-2 expression.

  2. 78 FR 53494 - Dam Safety Modifications at Cherokee, Fort Loudoun, Tellico, and Watts Bar Dams

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ... of Dam Structures: Combination of Concrete Floodwalls and Earthen Embankments, will protect the four... Watts Bar). TVA also installed a permanent concrete apron on approximately 2 acres of the downstream...--Permanent Modifications of Dam Structures: Combination of Concrete Floodwalls and Earthen Embankments....

  3. Out, out, dam spot! The geomorphic response of rivers to dam removal.

    Treesearch

    Jonathan. Thompson

    2005-01-01

    About 75,000 irrigation, flood control, and hydropower dams in the United States are aging, deteriorating, or have outlived their useful lives and purposes. Not surprisingly, dam removal is emerging as both a challenge and opportunity for river management and research. Scientists at the PNW Research Station in Corvallis, Oregon, are using scale models and monitoring...

  4. The remains of the dam: what have we learned from 15 years of US dam removals?

    Treesearch

    Gordon E. Grant; Sarah L. Lewis

    2015-01-01

    Important goals for studying dam removal are to learn how rivers respond to large and rapid introductions of sediment, and to develop predictive models to guide future dam removals. Achieving these goals requires organizing case histories systematically so that underlying physical mechanisms determining rates and styles of sediment erosion, transport, and deposition...

  5. Genetics Experts Unite to I.D. Unknown Katrina Victims

    MedlinePlus

    ... Current Issue Past Issues Research News From NIH Genetics Experts Unite to I.D. Unknown Katrina Victims ... in the recent Advances in molecular biology and genetics," says team member Stephen Sherry, Ph.D., of ...

  6. RadNet Air Data From Idaho Falls, ID

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This page presents radiation air monitoring and air filter analysis data for Idaho Falls, ID from EPA's RadNet system. RadNet is a nationwide network of monitoring stations that measure radiation in air, drinking water and precipitation.

  7. Role of yeast domination in Indian idli batter fermentation.

    PubMed

    Soni, S K; Sandhu, D K

    1991-07-01

    Adding Saccharomyces cerevisiae, along with natural bacterial flora of the ingredients, was the best method for standardizing idli termentation in terms of improved organoleptic characteristics, leavening and nutritional constituents.

  8. Defining the safe current limit for opening ID photon shutter

    SciTech Connect

    Seletskiy, S.

    2015-12-14

    The NSLS-II storage ring is protected from possible damage from insertion devices (IDs) synchrotron radiation by a dedicated active interlock system (AIS). It monitors electron beam position and angle and triggers beam drop if beam orbit exceeds the boundaries of pre-calculated active interlock envelope (AIE). The beamlines (BL) and beamline frontends (FE) are designed under assumption that the electron beam is interlocked within the AIE. For historic reasons the AIS engages the ID active interlock (AI-ID) at any non-zero beam current whenever the ID photon shutter (IDPS) is getting opened. Such arrangement creates major inconveniences for BLs commissioning. Apparently there is some IDPS safe current limit (SCL) under which the IDPS can be opened without interlocking the e-beam. The goal of this paper is to find such limit.

  9. RadNet Air Data From Boise, ID

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This page presents radiation air monitoring and air filter analysis data for Boise, ID from EPA's RadNet system. RadNet is a nationwide network of monitoring stations that measure radiation in air, drinking water and precipitation.

  10. Security analysis for biometric data in ID documents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schimke, Sascha; Kiltz, Stefan; Vielhauer, Claus; Kalker, Ton

    2005-03-01

    In this paper we analyze chances and challenges with respect to the security of using biometrics in ID documents. We identify goals for ID documents, set by national and international authorities, and discuss the degree of security, which is obtainable with the inclusion of biometric into documents like passports. Starting from classical techniques for manual authentication of ID card holders, we expand our view towards automatic methods based on biometrics. We do so by reviewing different human biometric attributes by modality, as well as by discussing possible techniques for storing and handling the particular biometric data on the document. Further, we explore possible vulnerabilities of potential biometric passport systems. Based on the findings of that discussion we will expand upon two exemplary approaches for including digital biometric data in the context of ID documents and present potential risks attack scenarios along with technical aspects such as capacity and robustness.

  11. Project Planning for Cougar Dam during 2010

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Haskell, Craig A.; Tiffan, Kenneth F.

    2011-01-01

    Cougar Dam is a 158 m-tall, rock fill dam located about 63 km east of Springfield, Oregon. Completed in 1963, the dam is owned and operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). It impounds Cougar Reservoir, which is 9.7 km long, has a surface area of 518 ha, and is predominately used for flood control. The pool elevation typically ranges from a maximum conservation pool of 515 m (1,690 ft) National Geodetic Vertical Datum (NGVD) in summer to a minimum flood control elevation of 467 m (1,532 ft NGVD) in winter. The reservoir thermally stratifies in the summer, has an average depth of 37 m, and holds 153,500 acre-feet when full. Cougar Dam is located on the South Fork of the McKenzie River 7 km upstream from the mainstem McKenzie River, a tributary of the Willamette River. The McKenzie River Basin basin supports the largest remaining population of wild spawning spring Chinook salmon in the Willamette River Basin (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; NOAA, 2008). Cougar Dam and others were collectively deemed to cause jeopardy to the sustainability of anadromous fish stocks in the Willamette River Basin (NOAA, 2008). Prior to dam construction, as many as 805 redds were observed in the South Fork of the McKenzie River (Willis and others, 1960) and it is estimated that 40 km of spawning habitat were lost when access was blocked after dam construction. The 2008 Willamette Biological Opinion (BIOP) requires improvements to operations and structures to reduce impacts on Upper Willamette River (UWR) Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and UWR steelhead (O. mykiss; NOAA, 2008). In 2010, an adult fish collection facility was completed below Cougar Dam to collect returning adult salmon for transport to spawning habitats above the dam. Before that time, returning adult spring Chinook salmon were transported to upstream spawning areas as part of a trap-and-haul program with adults passed ranging annually from 0 to 1,038 (Taylor, 2000). The progeny of

  12. Biometrics and ID Cards — Enablers for Personal Security

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reisen, Andreas

    The electronic ID card is a modernization and security project of the German Government. On the one hand, the multifunctional card is intended to boost security and the convenience of e-government and e-business applications. On the other hand, the new biometric ID card should allow citizens to use it as a travel document in the Schengen area and for specific destinations outside the European Union also in the future.

  13. Identification of Fasciola species isolated from Egypt based on sequence analysis of genomic (ITS1 and ITS2) and mitochondrial (NDI and COI) gene markers.

    PubMed

    Amer, Said; Dar, Yasser; Ichikawa, Madoka; Fukuda, Yasuhiro; Tada, Chika; Itagaki, Tadashi; Nakai, Yutaka

    2011-01-01

    Fascioliasis has a negative impact on the farming industry in both developed and developing countries, rather than a public health challenge. This study was performed to identify Fasciola sp. from different definitive hosts (buffalo, cattle, and sheep) based on the molecular parameters and spermatogenesis. Ninety-one adult flukes were collected from livers of slaughtered animals at abattoirs in different prefectures in Egypt. Microscopic examination of the analyzed flukes showed many normal spermatozoa in the seminal vesicles (spermic), suggesting that they have the ability of spermatogenesis. This study showed that no parthenogenic Fasciola species occurred in Egypt. Molecular analysis was performed utilizing genomic (ITS1 and ITS2) and mitochondrial (NDI and COI) gene markers. Whereas 16 animals proved to have infection with a single Fasciola species, 2 were infected with both F. hepatica and F. gigantica. The results indicated that sheep were prone to F. hepatica (8 out of 10 animals) more than F. gigantica infection. Sequences of ITS1 and ITS2 ribosomal region indicated that the flukes were categorized into 3 groups F. hepatica-type (47), F. gigantica-type (42) and 2 flukes possessed sequences of both types indicating an existence of different alleles at the same loci. Unique overlapping of T/C bases were detected in both ITS1 (Position 96) and ITS2 (Position 416). Based on results of mitochondrial gene markers (NDI and COI), flukes were classified into F. hepatica-type and F. gigantica-type. Extensive intra-sequence polymorphism was detected at both markers. NDI and COI sequences of Egyptian strain of F. gigantica showed pronounced diversity compared with relevant sequences at database.

  14. Hydrogeophysical investigations at Hidden Dam, Raymond, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Minsley, Burke J.; Burton, Bethany; Ikard, Scott; Powers, Michael H.

    2011-01-01

    Self-potential and direct current resistivity surveys are carried out at the Hidden Dam site in Raymond, California to assess present-day seepage patterns and better understand the hydrogeologic mechanisms that likely influence seepage. Numerical modeling is utilized in conjunction with the geophysical measurements to predict variably-saturated flow through typical two-dimensional dam cross-sections as a function of reservoir elevation. Several different flow scenarios are investigated based on the known hydrogeology, as well as information about typical subsurface structures gained from the resistivity survey. The flow models are also used to simulate the bulk electrical resistivity in the subsurface under varying saturation conditions, as well as the self-potential response using petrophysical relationships and electrokinetic coupling equations.The self-potential survey consists of 512 measurements on the downstream area of the dam, and corroborates known seepage areas on the northwest side of the dam. Two direct-current resistivity profiles, each approximately 2,500 ft (762 m) long, indicate a broad sediment channel under the northwest side of the dam, which may be a significant seepage pathway through the foundation. A focusing of seepage in low-topography areas downstream of the dam is confirmed from the numerical flow simulations, which is also consistent with past observations. Little evidence of seepage is identified from the self-potential data on the southeast side of the dam, also consistent with historical records, though one possible area of focused seepage is identified near the outlet works. Integration of the geophysical surveys, numerical modeling, and observation well data provides a framework for better understanding seepage at the site through a combined hydrogeophysical approach.

  15. Accelerated fermentation of 'idli' batter using soy residue okara.

    PubMed

    Rekha, C R; Vijayalakshmi, G

    2011-06-01

    The aim of this work was to reduce the natural fermentation period of 'idli' from the conventional 14 h to 10 h by adding underutilized okara for the preparation of 'idli'. Black gram was partially substituted with soy residue okara in the ratio of (1:1). After 14 h of natural fermentation, the pH and total acidity of control 'idli' batter was 4.51 and 0.64% and that of okara fortified 'idli' batter was 4.53 and 0.43%, respectively. The amount of CO2 released by the control and okara fortified batter was 19.7% and 33.6% respectively. The viable count of yeast and mold, lactics and mesophilic bacteria in control & okara batter increased with time reaching 9.00 & 10.34, 8.66 & 7.69, and 8.65 & 9.47 log10 cfu/g, respectively at the end of 10 h of natural fermentation. Okara fortified 'idli' was soft and spongy compared to control 'idli' .

  16. Id2 Is Dispensable for Myc-Induced Epidermal Neoplasia

    PubMed Central

    Murphy, Daniel J.; Swigart, Lamorna Brown; Israel, Mark A.; Evan, Gerard I.

    2004-01-01

    We have previously described a transgenic mouse model of epidermal neoplasia wherein expression of a switchable form of c-Myc, MycERTAM, is targeted to the postmitotic suprabasal keratinocytes of murine epidermis via the involucrin promoter. Sustained activation of c-MycERTAM results in a progressive neoplastic phenotype characterized by aberrant ectopic proliferation and delayed differentiation of suprabasal keratinocytes, culminating in papillomatosis. Transcription of the Id2 gene is regulated by Myc family proteins. Moreover, Id2 is implicated as a pivotal determinant of cell fate in multiple lineages and has a demonstrated role in mediating Myc-dependent cell proliferation in vitro through its interaction with retinoblastoma protein. Using Id2 nullizygous mice, we assessed in vivo the requirement for Id2 in mediating Myc-induced papilloma formation in skin. We show that absence of Id2 has no discernible impact on any measurable attribute of Myc function or on the timing or extent of eventual tumor formation. Thus, our data argue against any essential role for Id2 in mediating Myc action in vivo. PMID:14966287

  17. Distortion-invariant ID tags for object identification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perez-Cabre, Elisabet; Javidi, Bahram

    2004-11-01

    Active and passive optical identification (ID) tags and readers for remote identification and verification of objects are described. We focus our attention on the design of passive ID tags to achieve distortion-invariant authentication of the information included in the optical tag. A passive ID tag will consist of an optical phase code which can be placed in a visible part of an object for remote detection. We aim to authenticate the object even if the reader captures a distorted version of the code due to in-plane rotations. Distortion-invariance is achieved by both multiplexing the information included in the ID tag and the topology of the tag. For security purposes, double-phase encryption has already been shown as an appropriate technique to encode information. By using double-phase encryption, a signature is hidden in a phase-encoded ID tag not visible by visual inspection. Once the ID tag is captured by the reader and is decrypted, a correlation-based processor verifies the decoded information with a previously stored reference signal. The proposed system may have broad applications in transportation, homeland security, and inventory control.

  18. Dental dam patch: an effective intraoral repair technique using cyanoacrylate.

    PubMed

    Liebenberg, W H

    1998-10-01

    Secondary dental dam retention is a critical component of successful dental dam isolation and relates to the provision of an effective seal at the dam/tooth junction. Restorative success can be compromised if this seal is inadvertently interrupted during the operative effort. One such periodic mishap is entanglement of the bur and the interdental dam strip during caries or restorative removal. This invariably results in a gaping interproximal defect in the dam. This article discusses the importance of optimum isolation as it relates to current "wet bonding" adhesive procedures, and introduces a repair technique using a patch of dental dam and cyanoacrylate.

  19. Concrete dam of the Lenin Dnepr hydroelectric station

    SciTech Connect

    Durcheva, V.N.; Kazachenko, A.N.; Puchkova, S.M.

    1987-01-01

    This paper examines the Dnepr dam, which has been operating for 50 years. The construction of the Dnepr hydroelectric station is described, and the problem of cracking is examined and illustrated. The dam was reconstructed and the characteristics damages of the dam are described. An additional powerhouse was constructed called Dnepr-II. The static behavior of the Dnepr dam is characterized by a thermal stress state of the concrete with extreme values of opening of the joints and of the hydrostatic levels in April and October. The current state of the dam is examined, including seepage through the dam, uplift in the construction joints and uplift in the foundation.

  20. Marmot Dam Removal: Predictions and Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cui, Y.; Orr, B. K.; Wilcox, A.; Vick, J.; Podolak, C.; Wilcox, P.

    2008-12-01

    The 14-m tall Marmot Dam on the Sandy River, Oregon was removed in the summer of 2007, allowing the approximately 730,000 cubic meters of sand and gravel to remain in the river for natural erosion by the flow. Pre-dam removal studies included sediment transport modeling that simulated several dam removal alternatives and provided key pieces of information that allowed a diverse stakeholder group to unanimously agree on the "blow-and-go" alternative, allowing a large amount of sediment to be released to a major salmonid-bearing river in the Columbia River basin. Although it is still too early to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the model performance because morphological responses in the downstream reaches, if any, are likely years away, observations to date (one year after dam removal) indicate that model predictions are generally accurate. Here we present some of the key findings of pre-dam-removal sediment transport modeling predictions and compare them with post-removal observations.