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Sample records for day case surgery

  1. Day-case otological surgery.

    PubMed

    Uziel, A

    2017-09-01

    The author reviews day-case otological surgery, which has become increasingly popular in France and all over the world over recent years. Ear surgery is particularly suitable for short-stay admission because of the rapidity of these procedures and possibilities of pain control. This article discusses the advantages of this mode of management (for the patient, the surgeon and the healthcare institution), organizational and safety constraints, and ineligibility criteria. Day-case otological surgery should now become the rule rather than an opportunity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. Psychological aspects in day-case surgery.

    PubMed

    Bellani, Marco L

    2008-01-01

    Many reasons have helped to achieve the expansion of day surgery in health care system. First, surgical and pharmacological advances have dramatically reduced length of hospitalizazion needed for recovery from anaesthesia and operation. Second, day surgery has the potential to be more cost-effective than inpatient surgery. Third, patients generally are satisfied with day surgery because they have no or minimal side effects, are discharged the same day they have surgery and there is a minimal disruption in their everyday life. In this new era of safe, efficient, convenient, economical and speedy surgical interventions and minimal hospital stay, considerable attention must be given to some psychological issues, as anxiety and its management and information provision. Several studies have highlighted causes and degree of anxiety experienced by patients admitted in day surgery and a lack of an adequate and documented support. A combination of consistent strategies and interpersonal skills may have the potential to become the base of a formal psychoeducational plan implemented to manage anxiety. An essential component of anxiety management is information provision. Since lack or inadequacy of information is one of the main complaints with day surgery and the most common cause of patients' dissatisfaction, a formal and structured programme of information delivery is required. The timely and appropriate provision of different levels of information tailored to patient's coping styles and preferences has been strongly recommended. The information provided must cover the whole range of procedural, behavioural and sensory information and include pre-operative, operative and post-operative phases.

  3. Endoscopic sinus surgery as day-case procedure.

    PubMed

    Bajaj, Y; Sethi, N; Carr, S; Knight, L C

    2009-06-01

    Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is the mainstay of surgical treatment for chronic sinusitis. Day-case surgery has the advantage over in-patient surgery of being cost-effective and resource sparing. The objectives of this study were to assess our results for day-case functional endoscopic sinus surgery. This was a retrospective case note review of day-case functional endoscopic sinus surgery procedures performed at Leeds General Infirmary from February 2004 to February 2007. We recorded patients' demographic data, operative details, post-operative course and follow-up results. A total of 105 day-case functional endoscopic sinus surgery procedures were included in the study. Patients' ages ranged from 16 to 93 years; 44 (41.9 per cent) were female and 61 (58.1 per cent) were male. Of these patients, 39 (37.1 per cent) had chronic sinusitis and the rest (66; 62.8 per cent) had nasal polyposis and sinusitis. Sixty-one patients (58.1 per cent) underwent surgery on the morning operating list, while the rest (44; 41.9 per cent) underwent surgery in the afternoon. Of the 105 patients, 24 (22.8 per cent) had undergone previous nasal surgery. The majority of patients (90/105; 85.7 per cent) were discharged on the same day as surgery. The only complication recorded in this study was bleeding, noted in seven patients (6.7 per cent). At the follow-up appointment, 90/105 (85.7 per cent) patients were satisfied with their post-operative results. Day-case endoscopic sinus surgery can be performed safely as a day-case procedure. The most important factors for a successful outcome are correct patient selection, in terms of general health and social circumstances, and a dedicated day-case team.

  4. Case Report: Red Urine After Day Care Strabismus Surgery.

    PubMed

    Caroline, Pregardien; Marie-Cécile, Nassogne; Demet, Yuksel; Francis, Veyckemans

    2017-02-15

    In the absence of surgery on the urinary tract, the emission of red urine after anesthesia should be considered as a diagnostic emergency because it can be a sign of hematuria, hemoglobinuria, blood transfusion reaction, significant myoglobinuria, or porphyria.This case describes the management of a 12-year-old boy who presented red urine at the day care unit after strabismus surgery.

  5. Day-case surgery: enhanced recovery with flumazenil.

    PubMed Central

    Birch, B R; Anson, K M; Clifford, E; Miller, R A

    1990-01-01

    In an open, randomized, parallel group study of 84 adult patients undergoing elective day-case urological surgery the specific benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil was shown to reverse effectively subjective postoperative sedation due to midazolam and enabled 83% of patients to recover and be ready for potential discharge within 15 min of surgery (control group 24% p less than 0.001). The significantly shorter recovery time has benefits in terms of increased patient cooperation and reduced demands on postoperative nursing care. The implications of these findings for day-case surgery are discussed. PMID:2118572

  6. Changes in mood state after day case forefoot surgery.

    PubMed

    Mandy, Anne; Feeney, Sally

    2014-01-01

    Limited published data exploring patients' emotional recovery after day case foot surgery are available. The aim of the present study was to explore the changes in patient mood from preoperatively to 8 weeks postoperatively after outpatient forefoot surgery. The patients completed the Profile of Mood States-Bipolar™ questionnaire, Speilberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a 10-cm visual analog scale to measure pain preoperatively and again at 1, 2, and 8 weeks postoperatively. Of the 6 mood subscales, 3 showed statistically significant improvements by 8 weeks postoperatively: composed-anxious (Student's t test, t = -5.319; df = 84; p = .05); confident-unsure (t = -2.074; df = 84; p = .02); and clearheaded-confused (t = -2.46; df = 84; p = .007). Furthermore, the decrease in anxiety and pain was statistically significant after foot surgery. These findings have contributed to the understanding of patients' psychological needs in relation to outpatient day case foot surgery, and foot and ankle surgeons' understanding of patients' mood and anxiety levels can contribute to improving patient care and enhancing patient-practitioner relationships, which, in turn, could improve patients' perceived outcomes of their surgery.

  7. Simple day-case surgery for pilonidal sinus disease.

    PubMed

    Thompson, M R; Senapati, A; Kitchen, P

    2011-02-01

    Pilonidal disease is a common and usually minor disease. Although wide excisional surgery has been common practice, there are more simple alternatives. This review focused on the aetiology and management of pilonidal disease. A comprehensive review of the literature on pilonidal disease was undertaken. MEDLINE searches for all articles listing pilonidal disease (1980-2010) were performed to determine the aetiology and results of surgical and non-surgical treatments. Single papers describing new techniques or minor modifications of established techniques were excluded. Further articles were traced through reference lists. Patients with minimal symptoms and those having drainage of a single acute abscess can be treated expectantly. Non-surgical treatments may be of value but their long-term results are unknown. There is no rational basis or need for wide excision of the abscess and sinus. Simple removal of midline skin pits, the primary cause of pilonidal disease, with lateral drainage of the abscess and sinus is effective in most instances. Hirsute patients with extensive primary disease and deep natal clefts, or with recurrent disease and unhealed midline wounds, may also require flattening of the natal cleft with off-midline skin closure. These more conservative procedures are usually done as a day case, require minimal care in the community and are associated with a rapid return to work. They also avoid the occasional debilitating complications of surgical treatment. Simple day-case surgery to eradicate midline skin pits without wide excision of the abscesses and sinus is rational, safe and effective for patients with pilonidal sinus disease. Copyright © 2010 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. National survey of day-case vitreoretinal surgery in the United Kingdom.

    PubMed

    Hussain, Rumana; Matare, Taurai; Zambarakji, Hadi

    2011-01-01

    Day-case surgery has become uniformly accepted in ophthalmology for most procedures but not for complex, lengthy ones, including vitreoretinal surgery. There is a need for uniform practice that is not only financially and resource efficient, but also convenient for patients. To describe current practice patterns of day-case vitreoretinal (DCVR) surgery in the United Kingdom. A 16-part e-mail questionnaire was sent to UK vitreoretinal consultants, with day-case surgery defined as patients admitted and discharged following surgery on the same day. The questionnaire was sent to all consultant members of the Britain and Eire Association of Vitreoretinal Surgeons using the e-mail address beavrs@yahoogroups.com to increase the response rate. The overall response rate was 41%. Of 55 responders, 9% do not undertake DCVR surgery, but 61% perform DCVR surgery in >75% of patients. Of all undertaking DCVR surgery, 85% of responders discharge patients home and 13% to a hostel. A total of 76% of responders use local/sub-Tenon anesthesia in >50% of patients undergoing DCVR surgery. A total of 15% of responders were not in favor of DCVR surgery. Common reasons for not undertaking DCVR surgery were significant traveling distances for patients, patient choice, and the need for support during posturing. The practice of DCVR surgery across the United Kingdom is variable and is influenced by local factors, patient factors, and surgeon views. There is a lack of guidelines to help decision-making. Common standards are required to maximize clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction, as well as reduce the cost burden of hospital admissions.

  9. Day-case surgery patients' health-related quality of life.

    PubMed

    Suhonen, Riitta A; Iivonen, Mauri K; Välimäki, Maritta A

    2007-04-01

    This study describes the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of day-surgery patients and aims to identify factors associated with HRQoL. The cross-sectional questionnaire survey data were collected from day-surgery patients being discharged from hospitals in one Finnish hospital district in 2001 using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). The analysis was based on statistical methods. Day-case surgical patients had the best HRQoL in the social dimension and mobility. The NHP scores showed moderate distress in sleep and energy, and demonstrated pain. Older age and vocational education were associated with higher scores as measured with the NHP, indicating more problems in the measured variables. The patients who have been operated as day cases recovered satisfactorily and the operation did not weaken their perceived HRQoL. More emphasis should be put on evaluating day-case surgery patients' pain. Patient's age should be taken into account in planning type of surgery. The NHP is also a useful tool for the purposes of studying the HRQoL of day-case surgery patients.

  10. Parents' experiences of caring for their child following day case surgery: a diary study.

    PubMed

    Hughes, Jane M; Callery, Peter

    2004-03-01

    The development of children's health care over the last 15-20 years has resulted in an increased move towards ambulatory care, including day case surgery, which has implied benefits in reduced hospitalization and cost. The wider impact on the child and family is less clear. The study aimed for greater insight into the impact of day case surgery on the child and family from the parent's perspective. Using a qualitative approach and descriptive and inductive methods, the design focused on the parent's experiences of their child's surgery. Diaries were completed by 11 families over a 7-14-day period following their child's surgery. Findings demonstrated that there were significant issues for families in managing the care of their child with regard to the social impact for the parent and child, emotional issues for parent and child, and the need for formal and informal support systems.

  11. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as day-case surgery (without overnight hospitalization).

    PubMed

    Rebibo, Lionel; Dhahri, Abdennaceur; Badaoui, Rachid; Dupont, Hervé; Regimbeau, Jean-Marc

    2015-01-01

    Day-case surgery (DCS) has boomed over recent years, as has laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) for the treatment of morbid obesity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of day-case SG. This was a prospective, nonrandomized study of 100 patients undergoing day-case SG from May 2011 to July 2013. All patients met the criteria for DCS and for the treatment of morbid obesity. Standard surgical, anesthetic, and analgesic protocols were used. The primary study endpoint was the unplanned overnight admission rate. Secondary endpoints were standard DCS criteria, frequency and type of complications, and satisfaction rate of performing day-case SG. The short-term postoperative course of patients undergoing day-case and conventional SG also were compared. A total of 416 patients were screened and 100 (24%) were included. There were 8 unplanned overnight admissions. Seven unexpected consultations, 7 hospital readmissions, and 5 major complications were recorded, including 3 cases of unexpected surgery for gastric leak. At follow-up, 96% of the patients were satisfied with day-case SG. The short-term postoperative course was similar among patients undergoing DCS and conventional management. In selected patients, day-case SG is feasible with acceptable complication and readmission rates. The postoperative course was similar to that observed for standard SG. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. The Evaluation of Nursing Care Satisfaction and Patient Learning Needs in day Case Surgery.

    PubMed

    Goktas, Sonay B; Yildiz, Tülin; Nargiz, Sibel Kosucu

    2015-12-01

    Patients in surgical service units have higher expectations for treatment and care. The aims of this study were to determine nursing care satisfaction and information requirements at the time of discharge of patients from a day surgery unit and to assess the effects of demographics. The study was conducted on 291 patients undergoing day case surgery. Patient perception scale for nursing care (PPSN) and the patient learning needs scale (PLNS) were used and total and sub-dimension points averages were calculated and then compared with demographic data using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The results were evaluated at the p < 0.05 significance level with 95 % confidence intervals. Of the patients, 58.8 % (n = 171) were females and the average age was 49.5 ± 15.3 years. PPSN and PLNS total point averages were 68.16 ± 10.17 and 178.53 ± 27.59, respectively. A significant difference was determined in PPSN total point average with regard to previous hospitalisations; the PPSN total point average was higher for patients with prior hospitalisations (p < 0.001). Significant differences were determined between PLNS total point average and age group, marital status, receiving discharge training, and education level (p = 0.008, 0.006, <0.001, and 0.015, respectively). Differences were found in the PLNS sub-dimension point averages between groups, especially with regard to age group and educational level. We showed that patient satisfaction and patient information requirements could change according to demographic features of the patients at a day case surgery unit. In this respect, healthcare providers should offer healthcare services by evaluating the personal characteristics of patients because this is important for their satisfaction.

  13. Unplanned admissions in day-case surgery as a clinical indicator for quality assurance.

    PubMed

    Margovsky, A

    2000-03-01

    Day surgery is a modern, effective and economical way to treat patients while maintaining the same level of quality of patient care. Quality improvement in day surgery units, however, continues to be an issue due to high rates of unplanned admissions. The aim of the present retrospective study was to investigate reasons for and methods of preventing unplanned postoperative admissions in a day surgical unit over a 12-month period in respect to different surgical specialties. The study was based on an audit from the Endoscopy and Day Surgery Unit (EDSU) at Launceston General Hospital, which provides health care to a population of more than 120000. For the accounted period 920 outpatients had elective day surgical procedures. Overall the unplanned admission rate was 4.7%, and surgical, anaesthetic and social reasons accounted for 58.2, 37.2 and 4.6% of the unplanned admissions, respectively. The highest rate of unplanned admissions was for plastic and reconstructive surgery (12.8%) and orthopaedic surgery (7.5%) despite the relatively small number of patients who underwent such procedures in the day surgery unit. The results also showed a correlation between age group, pre-operative medical status of the patients found suitable for the day surgical procedure and unplanned admissions. Strategies to reduce the unplanned admission rate which include patient selection and pre-operative assessment, patient waiting time and education, pre-operative anaesthesia, follow-up with nursing care and postoperative analgesia are discussed.

  14. Admission-discharge policies for hysteroscopic surgery: a randomised comparison of day case with in-patient admission.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharya, S; Cameron, I M; Mollison, J; Parkin, D E; Abramovich, D R; Kitchener, H C

    1998-01-01

    To study the effectiveness and acceptability of day case hysteroscopic surgery. Prospective randomised controlled trial. Aberdeen Royal Infirmary. One hundred and ninety four consecutive women who underwent hysteroscopic endometrial ablation. Seventy three women were allocated to day case surgery and 37 to inpatient admission; 84 women though otherwise fit for day case surgery were scheduled for in-patient admission as they lived more than 20 miles away. All women completed a questionnaire 24 h after their operations. Readmission rates were obtained from case notes. Satisfaction rates 12 months after the operation were recorded by means of a follow-up questionnaire. Post-operative pain was absent or slight in 48 (75%) of the women in the day case group 27 (84%) of women in the in-patient group, and 55 (82%) in the non-randomised in-patient group. Post-operative analgesia was necessary in 34 (52%) women in the day case group, 24 (75%) women in the in-patient group and 36 (53%) women in the non-randomised in-patient group. Hospital costs were significantly less in the day case group. Satisfaction with stay 92% in the day case group, and 100% in the other two groups. In this setting, day care is a safe acceptable and less expensive alternative to in-patient care for hysteroscopic endometrial ablation.

  15. Multidisciplinary day surgery unit: seven years' experience.

    PubMed

    Leardi, Sergio; Pietroletti, Irenato; Angeloni, Gianfranco; Ciofani, Emilio; De Blasis, Giovanni; Di Bastiano, Walter

    2008-01-01

    The autonomous multidisciplinary day surgery unit is the gold standard for day surgery procedures. The Authors report their experience with the Pescina Hospital autonomous multidisciplinary day surgery unit (Avezzano Heath Authority, University of L'Aquila). In total, 4140 patients were enrolled to the day surgery setting from 2001 to 2007. Age, gender and ASA of patients, type of disease, surgery, anaesthesia and the usual day surgery activity quality indices (cancellation and delays of operations, postoperative pain and nausea or vomiting, postoperative morbidity, discharge and early readmission) were evaluated. 4046 patients underwent day surgery (orthopaedic 29.8%, general surgery 26.2%, ophthalmology 21.6%, vascular surgery 19.8%, miscellaneous 2.6%). Rates of cancelled and delayed operations were 2.3% and 2.4%, respectively. Local anaesthesia was performed in 54.3% of operations. None of the patients reported postoperative nausea and vomiting. Severe postoperative pain was present in 10% of cases. 77% of patients was discharged within four hours of surgery, and the others within six hours. Four patients (0.11%) were readmitted early. The postoperative morbidity and mortality rates were 0.49% and 0%, respectively. None of the postoperative events correlated with gender, age, ASA, or type of surgery and anaesthesia. The multidisciplinary day surgery unit, with dedicated medical and nursing staff and suitable organisation such as ours is characterised by favourable surgery activity quality indices and good patient outcomes.

  16. Variations in lengths of stay and rates of day case surgery: implications for the efficiency of surgical management.

    PubMed Central

    Morgan, M; Beech, R

    1990-01-01

    Variability in lengths of acute hospital stay and rates of day case surgery is shown to be a continuing pattern which occurs both between and within countries. A model of the determinants of health service activity is presented and the contribution of different factors to the observed variations is assessed. Differences in methods of funding health services are identified as a major determinant of the between country variations, while the within country variations largely reflect the influence of local differences in facilities and services and the organisation of care at a hospital level, as well as the independent effects of differences in clinical practice style. The main rationale for advocating a reduction in length of stay and increased use of day surgery is to increase efficiency by reducing costs per case while maintaining the quality of care. These criteria of costs, clinical outcomes and patient acceptability are examined in relation to day case surgery for an intermediate surgical procedure (inguinal hernia repair) and short stay surgery for cholecystectomy. The precise cost savings are shown to depend on the methods of costing, assumptions made and facilities employed, while factors influencing the outcomes achieved include the criteria of patient selection, the surgical techniques employed, and the adequacy of preoperative communication. Barriers to the more widespread adoption of short stay and day case surgery include practical and organisational constraints on clinical practice at a hospital level, lack of awareness among clinicians as to how far their practices differ from current norms, and clinical barriers raised by surgeons who do not see short stay policies as advantageous. Mechanisms to promote changes in clinical practice styles include independent professional audit, peer review, and involvement of clinicians in budgeting and resource allocation. Assessing quality requires that attention is given to patient acceptability and satisfaction as

  17. The day of your surgery - adult

    MedlinePlus

    Same-day surgery - adult; Ambulatory surgery - adult; Surgical procedure - adult; Preoperative care - day of surgery ... meet with them at an appointment before the day of surgery or on the same day of ...

  18. Intrathecal chloroprocaine vs. lidocaine in day-case surgery: recovery, discharge and effect of pre-hydration on micturition.

    PubMed

    Breebaart, M B; Teune, A; Sermeus, L A; Vercauteren, M P

    2014-02-01

    This randomised, double blind prospective study compares intrathecal lidocaine with chloroprocaine in day-case surgery and the influence of a 500 ml pre-load intravenously. We tested the hypothesis that chloroprocaine provides faster recovery and discharge in day-case surgery. Secondary we studied the influence of a preload compared with fluid restriction on discharge time and micturition problems. One hundred patients undergoing day-case arthroscopy were randomised to receive either lidocaine (L) 60 mg or chloroprocaine (CP) 40 mg intrathecally and this with (L+, CP+) or without (L−, CP−) a 500 ml pre-load of crystalloid. Block characteristics, micturition and discharge times were registered. Bladder volumes were monitored by ultrasound. Micturition problems received a micturition score. Onset and quality of the block were comparable between groups. Time to regain Bromage 1 and L2 regression were shorter for the CP group compared with the L group. Voiding (168 ± 44 min) and discharge (178 ± 52 min) were approximately 40 min faster for the CP group compared with the L group. Pre-load provided faster bladder filling but there were no differences in voiding time within the CP or L group. The CP+ group (166 ± 36 min) was discharged faster than both L groups (226 ± 57 min, 227 ± 59 min). More serious micturition problems occurred in the L+ group compared with both CP groups. Chloroprocaine is suitable for day-case surgery because of faster block regression and discharge than lidocaine. A 500 ml pre-load may not affect discharge but did not increase micturition problems for chloroprocaine.

  19. Anesthesia for pediatric day-case dental surgery: a study comparing the classic laryngeal mask airway with nasal trachea intubation.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Nan; Deng, Feng; Yu, Cong

    2014-05-01

    To study sevoflurane inhalation general anesthesia using the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and nasal endotracheal (ET) intubation to maintain the airway in pediatric day-case dental surgery. A total of 171 children aged 2 to 7 years received elective day-case dental surgical procedure under general anesthesia. Children were randomly grouped into LMA groups (L) and nasal ET intubation group (N). In L groups, LMA was inserted after induction of anesthesia using 8% sevoflurane and were allowed to breathe spontaneously. Rocuronium and remifentanil were given intravenously during 8% sevoflurane induction by nasal ET intubation in the N group . The time of anesthetic induction, maintenance, recovery, surgical access, and bispectral index score were recorded. Postoperative nausea and vomiting and the incidence of adverse events during induction and recovery period were also recorded. The insertion time of LMA was significantly shorter than nasal ET (P < 0.05). The incidence of airway complications, the surgeons' access, and bispectral index were not different between the 2 groups. However, recovery time was significantly shorter in group L (P < 0.05). The incidence of sore throat and postoperative nausea and vomiting (P < 0.01) were much less in group L as well. Sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia through LMA is a safe and reliable method for pediatric day-case dental surgery.

  20. Trends in 30-day mortality rate and case mix for paediatric cardiac surgery in the UK between 2000 and 2010

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Katherine L; Crowe, Sonya; Franklin, Rodney; McLean, Andrew; Cunningham, David; Barron, David; Tsang, Victor; Pagel, Christina; Utley, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To explore changes over time in the 30-day mortality rate for paediatric cardiac surgery and to understand the role of attendant changes in the case mix. Methods, setting and participants Included were: all mandatory submissions to the National Institute of Cardiovascular Outcomes Research (NICOR) relating to UK cardiac surgery in patients aged <16 years. The χ2 test for trend was used to retrospectively analyse the proportion of surgical episodes ending in 30-day mortality and with various case mix indicators, in 10 consecutive time periods, from 2000 to 2010. Comparisons were made between two 5-year eras of: 30-day mortality, period prevalence and mean age for 30 groups of specific operations. Main outcome measure 30-day mortality for an episode of surgical management. Results Our analysis includes 36 641 surgical episodes with an increase from 2283 episodes in 2000 to 3939 in 2009 (p<0.01). The raw national 30-day mortality rate fell over the period of review from 4.3% (95% CI 3.5% to 5.1%) in 2000 to 2.6% (95% CI 2.2% to 3.0%) in 2009/2010 (p<0.01). The case mix became more complex in terms of the percentage of patients <2.5 kg (p=0.05), with functionally univentricular hearts (p<0.01) and higher risk diagnoses (p<0.01). In the later time era, there was significant improvement in 30-day mortality for arterial switch with ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair, patent ductus arteriosus ligation, Fontan-type operation, tetralogy of Fallot and VSD repair, and the mean age of patients fell for a range of operations performed in infancy. Conclusions The raw 30-day mortality rate for paediatric cardiac surgery fell over a decade despite a rise in the national case mix complexity, and compares well with international benchmarks. Definitive repair is now more likely at a younger age for selected infants with congenital heart defects. PMID:25893099

  1. Euglycaemic ketoacidosis: a potential new hazard to plastic surgery day case and inpatient procedures.

    PubMed

    Sleiwah, Aseel; McBride, Michael; Black, Claire E

    2017-08-09

    A woman aged 44 underwent elective standard abdominoplasty and bilateral mastopexy (superiorly based pedicle with vertical scar) following weight loss of 8.5 stone (53.9 kg) over a 5-year period. She had type 2 diabetes and her antidiabetic medications included metformin, liraglutide and empagliflozin. Towards the end of the first postoperative day, she reported gradual onset of nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Her condition continued to deteriorate overnight, becoming tachycardic and tachypnoeic. Urgent investigations showed severe diabetic ketoacidosis with euglycaemia. She was managed with fluid resuscitation, insulin infusion and intravenous sodium bicarbonate in the high dependency unit. She made a complete clinical and biochemical recovery and was discharged on day 9 postoperatively. This case illustrates a diagnostic challenge of a serious life-threatening complication of diabetes in the postoperative period associated with a novel class of antidiabetic medications, sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. © BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  2. Management of Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis as Day Case Surgery: Feasibility and a Critical Analysis of Exclusion Criteria and Treatment Failure.

    PubMed

    Grelpois, Gérard; Sabbagh, Charles; Cosse, Cyril; Robert, Brice; Chapuis-Roux, Emilie; Ntouba, Alexandre; Lion, Thierry; Regimbeau, Jean-Marc

    2016-11-01

    Day case surgery (DCS) for uncomplicated acute appendicitis (NCAA) is evaluated. The objective of this prospective, single-center, descriptive, nonrandomized, intention-to-treat cohort study was to assess the feasibility of DCS for NCAA with a critical analysis of the reasons for exclusion and treatment failures and a focus on patients discharged to home and admitted for DCS on the following day. From April 2013 to December 2015, NCAA patients meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the study. The primary end point was the success rate for DCS (length of stay less than 12 hours) in the intention-to-treat population (all NCAA) and in the per-protocol population (no pre- or perioperative exclusion criteria). The secondary end points were morbidity, DCS quality criteria, predictive factors for successful DCS, patient satisfaction, quality of life, and reasons for pre- or perioperative exclusion. A subgroup of patients discharged to home the day before operation was also analyzed. A total of 240 patients were included. The success rate of DCS was 31.5% in the intention-to-treat population and 91.5% in the per-protocol population. The rates of unplanned consultations, hospitalization, and reoperation were 13%, 4%, and 1%, respectively. An analysis of the reasons for DCS exclusion showed that 73% could have been modified. For the 68 patients discharged to home on the day before operation, the DCS success rate was 91%. Day case surgery is feasible in NCAA. A critical analysis of the reasons for exclusion from DCS showed that it should be possible to dramatically increase the eligible population. Copyright © 2016 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. [Nursing workload in Day Surgery].

    PubMed

    Bulfone, Giampiera; Dell'Aglio, Agostino; Rizzato, Mariuccia; Conte, Luigi

    2010-01-01

    The "workload" is defined as the whole of the activities completed by a group of professionals in a period of time. The different conceptualization of nursing workload has determined different methods and tools of evaluation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the nursing workload in a Day Surgery Unit with a quantitative (time in activities) and qualitative approach (perceived complexity). We want analyze also every correlation with the time in the activities. The study design is observational. We have analyzed 147 patients admitted to the Day Surgery Unit of a University Hospital in Italy. The nurses have dedicated the average of 164,8 minutes in care. The nursing care time is correlated to anesthesiological risk class and to the general surgery procedure. The patients in specialistic surgery are considered more complexes from the nurses then the general surgery patients. Another indicator associated to the high perceived complexity is the "comorbidity management". This study will help to manage nursing resources and the admission of the patients.

  4. Effects of Metoclopramide and Ranitidine on Preoperative Gastric Contents in Day-Case Surgery

    PubMed Central

    2006-01-01

    This prospective, randomized, double-blinded study was performed to evaluate the effects of intravenous metoclopramide and ranitidine on preoperative gastric contents in outpatients receiving intravenous anesthesia for laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. Fifteen minutes before the induction of anesthesia, the Z-M group (n = 20) received 50 mg ranitidine and 10 mg metoclopramide intravenously and the control group (n = 20) received the same volume of normal saline. Before the surgery, a 14-F multiorifice nasogastric tube was inserted to aspirate the gastric contents of patients under sedation with propofol and midazolam. The mean pH values of the gastric fluid were 2.7 ± 2.0 (SD) [median 1.6 (range: 1.2-7.2)] in the control group, and 6.1 ± 1.9 [median 6.8 (range 1.4-7.8)] in the Z-M group. The mean aspirated volumes (mL) were 15.3 ± 10.4 (SD) [median 11.0 (range: 5.0-44.0)] in the control group, and 6.9 ± 10.0 (SD) [median 4.5 (range: 0-38.0)] in the Z-M group. There were significantly more high-risk (gastric fluid volumes > 25 mL and pH < 2.5) patients in the control group (4/20, 20%) than in the Z-M group (1/20, 5%). In conclusion, intravenous prophylactic ranitidine and metoclopramide may be an easy and useful method to decrease the volume while increasing the pH of gastric contents, and therefore may reduce the number of patients at risk for aspiration pneumonitis in ambulatory laparoscopic procedures who receive an anesthesia. PMID:16807979

  5. Outpatient multimodal intravenous analgesia in patients undergoing day-case surgery: description of a three year experience.

    PubMed

    Serra, Magdalena; Vives, Roser; Cañellas, Montserrat; Planell, Josep; Oliva, Joan Carles; Colilles, Carmen; Pontes, Caridad

    2016-09-13

    The use of elastomeric devices for ambulatory intravenous pain treatment in Major Ambulatory Surgery (MAS) has been described to improve postoperative pain management. The objective of the study was to describe the first 3 years experience of the use of elastomeric devices for ambulatory intravenous pain treatment in MAS implemented at our site since 2010. Data were retrieved from the medical records for all patients who, between January 2010 and March 2014, underwent surgical procedures at the ambulatory surgical centre at our hospital and were prescribed a home-based continuous intravenous analgesia. Data were retrieved from the medical records of 1128 patients. The most frequent surgical interventions included orthopedic and proctology surgeries. 80 % of patients were discharged home without pain; during the first 48 h after discharge roughly 40 % of subjects were completely free of pain, 50 % reported mild pain (VAS 1 to 3) and 9 % reported higher pain scores (4 and above). Peripheral nerve block was associated to better pain control in the immediate postoperative period. Vomiting in the first 24 h was 4.6 % before introducing haloperidol into the drug schemes, and 2.6 % thereafter. Complications related with the intravenous route required treatment withdrawal in 1.1 % cases. Only 3.5 % of patients returned to the hospital in the first 72 h, mainly for non-pain related reasons. Overall, 99.5 % of patients were satisfied with the treatment received at home. Our initial experience suggest that outpatient multimodal intravenous analgesia in patients undergoing day-case surgery is a feasible alternative in our setting, that allows an effective management of postoperative pain with a small rate of adverse events and complications requiring readmission.

  6. [Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate as a day case surgery: prospective evaluation of the first 30 patients].

    PubMed

    Gabbay, G; Bernhard, J-C; Renard, O; Ballanger, P; Ferriere, J-M; Fallot, J; Comat, V; Robert, G

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the feasibility of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) as a day case surgery. Observational prospective study including 30 consecutive patients after exclusion of unstable diseases and anticoagulant therapy. Patients were discharged before 8PM and the urinary catheter was removed at home the next morning. The monitoring included a phone call after 24hours and clinical evaluations after 1 and 3month follow-up. Clinical data were prospectively collected and complications were classified according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. The mean age of the study population was 63.8, prostate volume was 75.3cc, maximum urinary flow rate was 9.5mL/s, and IPSS was 22.9. The conversion rate to conventional hospitalization was 3.3%. After 3months follow-up, readmission and reoperation rates were respectively 16.6% and 3.3%. The overall complication rate was 66% (Clavien I=57.7%, II=38.5%, III=3.8%). The satisfaction rate was 100% (score=9.2/10). The mean prostate volume at 3months follow-up was 23.3cc, maximum urinary flow was 25.6mL/s, and IPSS was 4.7. This study confirmed the feasibility of HoLEP as a day case surgery for selected patients. Conversion rate to conventional hospitalization and complications of grade >2 were less than 5% while the satisfaction rate was high. 3. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Management implications for the perioperative surgical home related to inpatient case cancellations and add-on case scheduling on the day of surgery.

    PubMed

    Epstein, Richard H; Dexter, Franklin

    2015-07-01

    The American Society of Anesthesiologists has embraced the concept of the Perioperative Surgical Home as a means through which anesthesiologists can add value to the health systems in which they practice. One key listed element of the Perioperative Surgical Home is to support "scheduling initiatives to reduce cancellations and increase efficiency." In this study, we explored the potential benefits of the Perioperative Surgical Home with respect to inpatient cancellations and add-on case scheduling. We evaluated 6 hypotheses related to the timing of inpatient cancellations and preoperative anesthesia evaluations. Inpatient cancellations were studied during 26 consecutive 4-week intervals between July 2012 and June 2014 at a tertiary care academic hospital. All timestamps related to scheduling, rescheduling, and cancellation activities were retrieved from the operating room (OR) case scheduling system. Timestamps when patients were seen by anesthesia residents were obtained from the preoperative evaluation system database. Batch mean methods were used to calculate means and SE. For cases cancelled, we determined whether, for "most" (>50%) cancellations, a subsequent procedure (of any type) was performed on the patient within 7 days of the cancellation. Comparisons with most and other fractions were assessed using the 1 group, 1-sided Student t test. We evaluated whether a few procedures were highly represented among the cancelled cases via the Herfindahl (Simpson's) index, comparing it with <0.15. The rate of scheduling activity was assessed by computing the number of OR scheduling office decisions in each 1-hour bin between 6:00 AM and 3:59 PM. These values were compared with ≥1 decision per hour at the study hospital. Data from 24,735 scheduled inpatient cases were assessed. Cases cancelled after 7 AM on the day before or at any time on the scheduled day of surgery accounted for 22.6% ± 0.5% (SE) of the scheduled minutes all scheduled cases, and 26.8% ± 0.4% of

  8. Similar levels of pain are reported in forefoot surgery after management as a day case and admission for 48 hours: A continuous prospective study of 317 patients.

    PubMed

    Chaudier, P; Bourdin, M; Gauthier, J; Fessy, M H; Besse, J L

    2015-12-01

    While many forefoot procedures may be performed as a day case, there are no specific guidelines as to which procedures are suitable. This study assessed the early post-operative pain after forefoot surgery performed a day case, compared with conventional inpatient management. A total of 317 consecutive operations performed by a single surgeon were included in the study. Those eligible according to the criteria of the French Society of Anaesthesia (SFAR) were managed as day cases (127; 40%), while the remainder were managed as inpatients. The groups were comparable in terms of gender, body mass index and smoking status, although the mean age of the inpatients was higher (p < 0.001) and they had higher mean American Society of Anaesthesiologists scores (p = 0.002). The most severe daily pain was on the first post-operative day, but the levels of pain were similar in the two groups; (4.2/10, SD 2.5 for day cases, 4.4/10, SD 2.4 for inpatients; p = 0.53). Overall, 28 (9%) of patients who had their surgery as a day case and 34 (11%) of inpatients reported extreme pain (≥ 8/10). There were more day case patients rather than inpatients that declared their pain disappeared seven days after the surgery (p = 0.02). One day-case patient with excessive bleeding was admitted post-operatively. Apart from the most complicated cases, forefoot surgery can safely be performed as a day case without an increased risk of pain, or complications compared with management as an inpatient.

  9. Outpatient Follow-Up versus 30-day Readmission among General and Vascular Surgery Patients: A Case for Redesigning Transitional Care

    PubMed Central

    Saunders, Richard Scott; Fernandes-Taylor, Sara; Rathouz, Paul J.; Saha, Sandeep; Wiseman, Jason T.; Havlena, Jeffrey; Matsumura, Jon; Kent, K. Craig

    2014-01-01

    Background The association between early outpatient follow-up and 30-day readmission has not been evaluated in any surgical population. Our study characterizes the relationship between outpatient follow-up and early readmissions among surgical patients. Methods We queried the medical record at a large, tertiary care institution (July 2008-December 2012) to determine rates of 30-day outpatient follow-up and readmission for general or vascular surgical procedures. Results The majority of discharges for general (84% of 7552) and vascular (75% of 2362) surgery had a follow-up visit before readmission or within 30 days of discharge. General surgery patients who were not readmitted had high rates of follow-up (88%) and received follow-up at approximately 2-weeks post-discharge (median time 11 days after discharge). In contrast, readmitted general surgery patients received first follow-up at one week (a median time of 8 days); 49% had follow-up. Vascular surgery patients showed a similar trend. Over half of patients readmitted after follow-up were readmitted within 24 hours of their most recent outpatient visit. Conclusions Current routine follow-up does not occur early enough to detect adverse events and prevent readmission. Early outpatient care may prevent readmission in some patients, but often serves as a conduit for readmission among patients already experiencing complications. PMID:25239351

  10. Ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy: An audit of day case vs overnight surgery at a community hospital in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Sato, Atsushi; Terashita, Yukio; Mori, Yoichiro; Okubo, Tomotaka

    2012-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the applicability and safety of ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and to compare day case and overnight stay LC. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively and consecutively for day case and overnight stay LC patients from July 1, 2009 to April 30, 2011. Outcomes were analyzed for patient demographics, operation time, blood loss during operation and frequency and reasons for unexpected or prolonged hospitalization in each group. RESULTS: There was no hospital mortality and no patient was readmitted with serious morbidity after discharge. 50 patients received a day case LC and 19 had an overnight stay LC. There was a significant difference in age between both groups (P < 0.02). There were no significant differences between the day case LC performed (n = 41) and failed (n = 9) groups and between the day case LC performed and the one night stay LC (n = 12) groups. There was a significant difference in age between the one night stay and more nights stay LC groups (P < 0.05). Thus, elderly patients showed a tendency to like to stay in hospital rather than being a day case. The proportion of unexpected or prolonged hospitalization was not significantly different between the day case and overnight stay LC groups, when the patient’s request was excluded. CONCLUSION: Day case LC can be performed with a low rate of complications. In overnight stay patients, there are many who could be performed safely as a day case. Moreover, we need to take special care to treat elderly patients. PMID:23493831

  11. Ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy: An audit of day case vs overnight surgery at a community hospital in Japan.

    PubMed

    Sato, Atsushi; Terashita, Yukio; Mori, Yoichiro; Okubo, Tomotaka

    2012-12-27

    To evaluate the applicability and safety of ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and to compare day case and overnight stay LC. Data were collected retrospectively and consecutively for day case and overnight stay LC patients from July 1, 2009 to April 30, 2011. Outcomes were analyzed for patient demographics, operation time, blood loss during operation and frequency and reasons for unexpected or prolonged hospitalization in each group. There was no hospital mortality and no patient was readmitted with serious morbidity after discharge. 50 patients received a day case LC and 19 had an overnight stay LC. There was a significant difference in age between both groups (P < 0.02). There were no significant differences between the day case LC performed (n = 41) and failed (n = 9) groups and between the day case LC performed and the one night stay LC (n = 12) groups. There was a significant difference in age between the one night stay and more nights stay LC groups (P < 0.05). Thus, elderly patients showed a tendency to like to stay in hospital rather than being a day case. The proportion of unexpected or prolonged hospitalization was not significantly different between the day case and overnight stay LC groups, when the patient's request was excluded. Day case LC can be performed with a low rate of complications. In overnight stay patients, there are many who could be performed safely as a day case. Moreover, we need to take special care to treat elderly patients.

  12. [The incidence of emergence delirium and risk factors following sevoflurane use in pediatric patients for day case surgery, Kingston, Jamaica].

    PubMed

    Gooden, Rachel; Tennant, Ingrid; James, Brian; Augier, Richard; Crawford-Sykes, Annette; Ehikhametalor, Kelvin; Gordon-Strachan, Georgiana; Harding-Goldson, Hyacinth

    2014-01-01

    Emergence delirium is a distressing complication of the use of sevoflurane for general anesthesia. This study sought to determine the incidence of emergence delirium and risk factors in patients at a specialist pediatric hospital in Kingston, Jamaica. This was a cross-sectional, observational study including pediatric patients aged 3-10 years, ASA I and II, undergoing general anesthesia with sevoflurane for elective day-case procedures. Data collected included patients' level of anxiety pre-operatively using the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale, surgery performed, anesthetic duration and analgesics administered. Postoperatively, patients were assessed for emergence delirium, defined as agitation with non-purposeful movement, restlessness or thrashing; inconsolability and unresponsiveness to nursing and/or parental presence. The need for pharmacological treatment and post-operative complications related to emergence delirium episodes were also noted. 145 children were included, with emergence delirium occurring in 28 (19.3%). Emergence delirium episodes had a mean duration of 6.9±7.8min, required pharmacologic intervention in 19 (67.8%) children and were associated with a prolonged recovery time (49.4±11.9 versus 29.7±10.8min for non-agitated children; p<0.001). Factors positively associated with emergence delirium included younger age (p=0.01, OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.2-8.6) and moderate and severe anxiety prior to induction (p<0.001, OR 5.6, 95% CI 2.3-13.0). Complications of emergence delirium included intravenous line removal (n=1), and surgical site bleeding (n=3). Children of younger age with greater preoperative anxiety are at increased risk of developing emergence delirium following general anesthesia with sevoflurane. The overall incidence of emergence delirium was 19%. Copyright © 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  13. Day-surgery versus overnight stay surgery for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Vaughan, Jessica; Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Davidson, Brian R

    2013-07-31

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is used to manage symptomatic gallstones. There is considerable controversy regarding whether it should be done as day-surgery or as an overnight stay surgery with regards to patient safety. To assess the impact of day-surgery versus overnight stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy on patient-oriented outcomes such as mortality, severe adverse events, and quality of life. We searched the Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and mRCT until September 2012. We included randomised clinical trials comparing day-surgery versus overnight stay surgery for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, irrespective of language or publication status. Two authors independently assessed trials for inclusion and independently extracted the data. We analysed the data with both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models using Review Manager 5 analysis. We calculated the risk ratio (RR), mean difference (MD), or standardised mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) based on intention-to-treat or available case analysis. We identified a total of six trials at high risk of bias involving 492 participants undergoing day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy (n = 239) versus overnight stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy (n = 253) for symptomatic gallstones. The number of participants in each trial ranged from 28 to 150. The proportion of women in the trials varied between 74% and 84%. The mean or median age in the trials varied between 40 and 47 years.With regards to primary outcomes, only one trial reported short-term mortality. However, the trial stated that there were no deaths in either of the groups. We inferred from the other outcomes that there was no short-term mortality in the remaining trials. Long-term mortality was not reported in any of the trials. There was no significant difference in the

  14. An "all 5 mm ports" technique for laparoscopic day-case anti-reflux surgery: A consecutive case series of 205 patients.

    PubMed

    Almond, L M; Charalampakis, V; Mistry, P; Hodson, J; Lafaurie, G; Matthews, J; Singhal, R; Super, P

    2016-11-01

    Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is conventionally performed using two 10/12 mm ports. While laparoscopic procedures reduce post-operative pain, the use of larger ports invariably increases discomfort and affects cosmesis. We describe a new all 5 mm ports technique for laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery and present a review of our initial experience with this approach. All patients undergoing laparoscopic fundoplication over a 35 month period from February 2013 under the care of a single surgeon were included. A Lind laparoscopic fundoplication was performed using an all 5 mm port technique. Data was recorded prospectively on patient demographics, operating surgeon, surgical time, date of discharge, readmissions, complications, need for re-intervention, and reasons for admission. Two hundred and five consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic fundoplication over the study period. The all 5 mm port technique was used in all cases, with conversion to a 12 mm port only once (0.49%). Median operating time was 52 min 185 (90.2%) patients were discharged as day cases. Increasing ASA grade and the presence of a hiatus hernia were associated with the need for overnight stay with admission required in 33% of patients with ASA 3, compared to 4% with ASA 1 (p = 0.001), and 29% of those with a hiatus hernia vs. 5% without (p < 0.001). No port-related complications occurred, and no patients developed recurrence of reflux symptoms. A single patient required mesh repair of a large hiatus hernia. The all 5 mm ports approach to laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is a safe, efficient, and cost-effective technique which facilitates same day discharge and minimises port related complications. National commissioning guidelines in the UK should target quality improvements in anti-reflux surgery based around day-case management. This would improve the service for these patients and culminate in cost savings for the NHS. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  15. A new vision for day surgery.

    PubMed

    Baskerville, Paul

    2006-07-01

    The premise that underlines this article (based on a presentation delivered at AfPP's Annual Congress in October 2006) is that all elective surgery performed in this country should be day surgery. This should eventually include patients undergoing hip replacements, radical prostatectomies, aortic aneurysm repair and hepatectomies, to name a few. All of these procedures we should perform, safely and well, under the British definition of day surgery as 'going home at the end of the day'.

  16. Predicting 30-day mortality after hip fracture surgery: Evaluation of the National Hip Fracture Database case-mix adjustment model.

    PubMed

    Tsang, C; Boulton, C; Burgon, V; Johansen, A; Wakeman, R; Cromwell, D A

    2017-09-01

    The National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) publishes hospital-level risk-adjusted mortality rates following hip fracture surgery in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The performance of the risk model used by the NHFD was compared with the widely-used Nottingham Hip Fracture Score. Data from 94 hospitals on patients aged 60 to 110 who had hip fracture surgery between May 2013 and July 2013 were analysed. Data were linked to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) death register to calculate the 30-day mortality rate. Risk of death was predicted for each patient using the NHFD and Nottingham models in a development dataset using logistic regression to define the models' coefficients. This was followed by testing the performance of these refined models in a second validation dataset. The 30-day mortality rate was 5.36% in the validation dataset (n = 3861), slightly lower than the 6.40% in the development dataset (n = 4044). The NHFD and Nottingham models showed a slightly lower discrimination in the validation dataset compared with the development dataset, but both still displayed moderate discriminative power (c-statistic for NHFD = 0.71, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.67 to 0.74; Nottingham model = 0.70, 95% CI 0.68 to 0.75). Both models defined similar ranges of predicted mortality risk (1% to 18%) in assessment of calibration. Both models have limitations in predicting mortality for individual patients after hip fracture surgery, but the NHFD risk adjustment model performed as well as the widely-used Nottingham prognostic tool and is therefore a reasonable alternative for risk adjustment in the United Kingdom hip fracture population.Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2017;6:550-556. © 2017 Tsang et al.

  17. A prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial comparing the suitability of KTP laser tonsillectomy with conventional dissection tonsillectomy for day case surgery.

    PubMed

    Kothari, P; Patel, S; Brown, P; Obara, L; O'Malley, S

    2002-10-01

    Tonsillectomy using a KTP laser has been performed increasingly but is not a routinely practised technique in the UK. In the USA, tonsillectomy is often performed as a day case procedure but, here in the UK, it is still standard practice to admit patients for overnight stay. We present the largest prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial to date (151 patients) comparing KTP laser with standard dissection tonsillectomy and assess the suitability of both procedures for day case surgery. We found that there was significantly less peroperative haemorrhage if tonsillectomy was performed using the KTP laser, but it did cause more postoperative pain, more depression in mood and a higher rate of both reactionary and secondary haemorrhage, which was not significant when compared with conventional dissection. There was no difference in operating time, and over 40% of patients in each group needed overnight admission. We conclude that KTP laser tonsillectomy offers no benefit apart from less intraoperative bleeding over standard dissection tonsillectomy. Discharge from hospital after tonsillectomy was found to be unpredictable. Tonsillectomy is therefore an unsuitable procedure for planned surgery through a day unit, but approximately 58% of patients could be discharged on the same day from an extended day surgery unit, and the rest have one night in hospital.

  18. Applying a managerial approach to day surgery.

    PubMed

    Onetti, Alberto

    2008-01-01

    The present article explores the day surgery topic assuming a managerial perspective. If we assume such a perspective, day surgery can be considered as a business model decision care and not just a surgical procedure alternative to the traditional ones requiring patient hospitalization. In this article we highlight the main steps required to develop a strategic approach [Cotta Ramusino E, Onetti A. Strategia d'Impresa. Milano; Il Sole 24 Ore; Second Edition, 2007] at hospital level (Onetti A, Greulich A. Strategic management in hospitals: the balanced scorecard approach. Milano: Giuffé; 2003) and to make day surgery part of it. It means understanding: - how and when day surgery can improve the health care providers' overall performance both in terms of clinical effectiveness and financial results, and, - how to organize and integrate it with the other hospital activities in order to make it work. Approaching day surgery as a business model decision requires to address in advance a list of potential issues and necessitates of continued audit to verify the results. If it does happen, day surgery can be both safe and cost effective and impact positively on surgical patient satisfaction. We propose a sort of "check-up list" useful to hospital managers and doctors that are evaluating the option of introducing day surgery or are trying to optimize it.

  19. Day case laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.

    PubMed

    Abboudi, Hamid; Doyle, Patrick; Winkler, Mathias

    2017-10-03

    To evaluate the feasibility of performing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) as a day case procedure while maintaining patient satisfaction and safety. Herein we report our experience, selection criteria, and discharge criteria for day case LRP. We performed a prospective study with 32 patients undergoing extraperitoneal LRP. These patients were counselled before the procedure that they would go home the same evening of the procedure. Pain scores and quality of life data were recorded day 1 postoperatively via a telephone consultation. The patients underwent routine blood tests on day 2 and an outpatient review on day 7 and regularly thereafter via an assigned key worker. Socio-demographic data, comorbidities, and outcomes were collected for analysis. All patients were successfully discharged the same day of surgery. Mean patient age was 62 years with a mean body mass index of 25. Mean operative time was 147 minutes, and estimated blood loss was 101 ml. Three patients were treated for post operative urinary tract infections; two patients developed infected lymphoceles which required percutaneous drainage and one patient required re-catheterisation due to a burst catheter balloon. Of these six complications four patients required re-admission. Post-operative pain, nausea and vomiting were low whilst patient satisfaction scores were unanimously high in all patients surveyed. The early experience with extraperitoneal LRP as a same day surgery is promising although patients who are at high risk of lymphocele should be excluded. Preoperative patient counselling and selection is paramount. Patient satisfaction is not adversely affected by the shortened stay. Surgeon experience, a well-motivated patient, meticulous attention to detail through an integrated pathway, a multidisciplinary team and adequate postoperative assessment are essential.

  20. [Organization of nurses' work in day surgery].

    PubMed

    Acker, Françoise

    2015-05-01

    Day surgery articulates strongly the dimensions of time, space and work organisation. This modifies the nursing practice itself, the visibility and the recognition of the tasks: maintaining the flow of the pathways, monitoring, informing the patient and seeing to their comfort.

  1. One-day thyroid surgery - is it safe?

    PubMed

    Wieloch, Maria; Koza, Piotr; Kuzdak, Krzysztof; Ziemniak, Piotr; Kołomecki, Krzysztof

    2013-06-01

    was to evaluate the safety of one-day thyroid surgery based on the assessment of the incidence of early postoperative complications. The study comprised 726 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy during the period between January, 2012 and February, 2013. The study considered the three most common thyroidectomy complications. In the group of 726 patients, recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis was observed in 22 cases, accounting for 3.07% of all patients. Postoperative bleeding was observed in 12 cases (1.65%). In 8 cases, bleeding occurred during the first 8 hours after surgery, while in the remaining four cases- 9, 12, 18, and 26 hours after surgery. The study group was divided into three subgroups, in which the concentrations of calcium and parathyroid hormone, 6 hours and 20 hours after surgery, were determined. In the first group (223 patients), only the parathyroid hormone level was determined. The decreased PTH level was associated with the appearance of tetany symptoms in 15% of cases. Amongst patients in whom the parathyroid hormone level was normal, tetany symptoms were observed in 0.5% of cases. In the second group (256 patients), only the serum calcium level was determined. Amongst patients with normal serum calcium levels, 1% of cases presented with tetany symptoms. In patients where the serum calcium level was reduced, tetany symptoms appeared in 35% of cases. In the third group (247 patients), both serum calcium and parathyroid hormone levels were determined. In the group of patients with normal, both serum calcium and parathyroid hormone levels, tetany symptoms were not observed. Amongst patients with normal serum calcium levels and decreased PTH levels on the day of surgery, tetany symptoms were observed in 25% of cases, while during the first postoperative day-37% of cases. One-day thyroid surgery, due to the appearance of complications cannot be regarded as a completely safe procedure.

  2. Questionable safety of thyroid surgery with same day discharge

    PubMed Central

    Doran, HE; England, J; Palazzo, F

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Over the last two decades increasing numbers of surgical procedures have been performed on an outpatient basis. In 2000 the National Health Service in England set the target of performing 75% or more of all elective surgical procedures as day cases and in 2001 the British Association of Day Surgery added thyroidectomy to the list of day case procedures. However, same day discharge following thyroidectomies has been adopted by only a very small number of UK centres. The aim of this review was to establish the evidence base surrounding same day discharge thyroid surgery. METHODS The British Association of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons commissioned the authors to perform a review of the best available evidence regarding day case thyroid surgery as a part of a consensus position to be adopted by the organisation. A MEDLINE® review of the English medical literature was performed and the relevant articles were collated and reviewed. RESULTS There are limited comparative data on day case thyroid surgery. It is feasible and may save individual hospitals the cost of inpatient stay. However, the risk of airway compromising and life threatening post-operative bleeding remains a major concern since it is not possible to positively identify those patients most and least at risk of bleeding after thyroidectomy. It is estimated that half of all post-thyroidectomy bleeds would occur outside of the hospital environment if patients were discharged six hours after surgery. CONCLUSIONS Same day discharge in a UK setting cannot be endorsed. Any financial benefits may be outweighed by the exposure of patients to an increased risk of an adverse outcome. Consequently, 23-hour surgery is recommended. PMID:23131222

  3. Treatment of simple snoring using radio waves for ablation of uvula and soft palate: a day-case surgery procedure.

    PubMed

    Wedman, Jan; Miljeteig, Harald

    2002-07-01

    Uvulopalatoplasty, performed with high-frequency radio waves, was evaluated as a treatment for social snoring. Forty male social snorers were included in this prospective, nonrandomized study. Patients' subjective complaints before, during, and 3 months after radio-assisted uvulopalatoplasty were recorded on a visual analogue scale. Complications were negligible. Snoring sounds and daytime tiredness reduced significantly. Considering effect and suffering during and after surgery, a high number of patients (93%) were willing to undergo the procedure again if necessary. The results of radio-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (RAUP) seem to be similar to other surgical methods used to reduce snoring. The relative small investments needed and its simplicity makes RAUP a good alternative to known treatment strategies.

  4. Day-surgery, one-day surgery: the experience of an ENT Unit in a 250 bed Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Singarelli, S; Berni, A; Coppo, G; Fracchia, P

    2005-01-01

    Summary The increasing trend in day-surgery procedures, resulting from continuous improvement in medical practice as well as cultural and economic factors, has profoundly changed the management of patient hospitalisation. Improvement in organizational and professional skills of health staff is essential for this procedure which allows mean hospitalisation time to be reduced. A retrospective study on personal experience of day-surgery procedures from 1st January 2002 to 31st December 2004 is herewith presented. The study comprises 1077 patients (74.2%) out of 1452 hospitalisations for programmed surgery in this period. Re-conversion rate of day-surgery hospitalisation reached 0.5%, while re-admissions within one month reached 2.5% and referred to late post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage in all 27 cases. The Authors highlight the importance of communication for an active and responsible involvement of the patients: the human factor is an indispensable quality for the good outcome of the procedure. PMID:16749605

  5. [Indicators of healthcare quality in day surgery (2010-2012)].

    PubMed

    Martínez Rodenas, F; Codina Grifell, J; Deulofeu Quintana, P; Garrido Corchón, J; Blasco Casares, F; Gibanel Garanto, X; Cuixart Vilamajó, L; de Haro Licer, J; Vazquez Dorrego, X

    2014-01-01

    Monitoring quality indicators in Ambulatory Surgery centers is fundamental in order to identify problems, correct them and prevent them. Given their large number, it is essential to select the most valid ones. The objectives of the study are the continuous improvement in the quality of healthcare of day-case surgery in our center, by monitoring selective quality parameters, having periodic information on the results and taking corrective measures, as well as achieving a percentage of unplanned transfer and cancellations within quality standards. Prospective, observational and descriptive study of the day-case surgery carried out from January 2010 to December 2012. Unplanned hospital admissions and cancellations on the same day of the operation were selected and monitored, along with their reasons. Hospital admissions were classified as: inappropriate selection, medical-surgical complications, and others. The results were evaluated each year and statistically analysed using χ(2) tests. A total of 8,300 patients underwent day surgery during the 3 years studied. The day-case surgery and outpatient index increased by 5.4 and 6.4%, respectively (P<.01). Unexpected hospital admissions gradually decreased due to the lower number of complications (P<.01). Hospital admissions, due to an extended period of time in locoregional anaesthesia recovery, also decreased (P<.01). There was improved prevention of nausea and vomiting, and of poorly controlled pain. The proportion of afternoon admissions was significantly reduced (P<.01). The cancellations increased in 2011 (P<.01). The monitoring of quality parameters in day-case surgery has been a useful tool in our clinical and quality management. Globally, the unplanned transfer and cancellations have been within the quality standards and many of the indicators analysed have improved. Copyright © 2013 SECA. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Day surgery in Scotland: patient satisfaction and outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Bain, J.; Kelly, H.; Snadden, D.; Staines, H.

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patients' views on the process and outcome of day surgery in Scotland, and to study patients' satisfaction with care in a range of specific procedures. DESIGN: Questionnaires completed by a census of day case surgery patients within a band of 25 procedures under the umbrella of five broad groups: (1) general surgery; (2) urology; (3) gynaecology; (4) orthopaedics; (5) ear, nose, and throat; ophthalmology. SETTING: 13 hospitals in six health board areas in Scotland. SUBJECTS: During the period 1995-6, 5069 day case patients were asked to complete a questionnaire within two weeks of their operation and discharge from hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Arrangements before admission; immediate postoperative symptoms and complications; problems experienced after discharge; readmission after discharge. RESULTS: A response rate of 68% was obtained from 13 sites ranging from 43% to 82%. The overall satisfaction score was 85. A total of 894 patients (26%) experienced pain after surgery and 783 (23%) had relatively minor medical problems after discharge. In total, 265 (7.8%) patients were readmitted to hospital after discharge. Few notable differences existed between specialties or hospitals in terms of satisfaction scores, although notable pain was experienced more frequently in gynaecology and general surgery patients. Readmission was more common for urological procedures. CONCLUSION: Overall, patient satisfaction with day case surgery was high. Dissatisfaction was largely related to waiting times between admission, operation, and discharge. The amount of pain experienced also had a notable impact on the level of patient satisfaction. Day surgery is not without complications, with 26% of patients experiencing notable degrees of pain; 23% having minor medical problems after discharge; and 8% of respondents having to reattend hospital with problems relating to their original operations. PMID:10557683

  7. [Bilateral thoracoscopic sympathectomy in treatment of palmar and axillary hyperhydrosis - a summary of 22 cases. A role for one day surgery in thoracic surgery?].

    PubMed

    Kocsis, Akos; Agócs, László; Kostic, Szilárd; Lévay, Bernadett; Török, Klára; Rényi-Vámos, Ferenc

    2012-10-01

    The procedure of the ETS is carried out by two ports, a videothoracoscop and a diathermy instrument are introduced into the pleural cavity. After the identification of the sympathetic chain, the relevant ganglia are divided or excised. 22 patient underwent bilateral video assisted thoracoscopic T2-T4 sympathectomy in a half-way sitting position for palmar and axillary hyperhydrosis between December 2008 and January 2011. 5 male and 17 female patients with a mean age of 39.9 years, (19-63) underwent the above procedure. The mean operation time was 36 minutes, (30-61 minutes). No postoperative complications were detected. The authors believe that two port VATS sympathectomy is a safe and effective method for the treatment of hyperhydrosis even as one day surgical procedure.

  8. Endocrine surgery in present-day academia.

    PubMed

    Kuo, Jennifer H; Pasieka, Janice L; Parrack, Kevin M; Chabot, John A; Lee, James A

    2014-12-01

    Endocrine surgery is a specialty that is evolving constantly. In this study, we sought to delineate the practice patterns of surgeons taking care of endocrine diseases in present-day academic centers. A review of the Faculty Practice Solutions Center database was conducted for the years 2005, 2009, and 2013. Practice patterns were determined by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision and Current Procedural Terminology codes, and analyzed for practice composition, regional variability, and volume of endocrine operations. Of 97 national academic centers, 52 were identified to have 120 practicing American Association of Endocrine Surgeons (AAES) surgeons in the study. On average, endocrine operations comprise ∼65% of the AAES surgeon's practice, and 51% are considered high-volume surgeons for thyroidectomy, parathyroidectomy, and adrenalectomy. Most non-AAES surgeons who perform endocrine operations are otolaryngologists (24.5%) and other general surgeons (18.5%). Overall, non-AAES surgeons perform the majority of endocrine operations at academic institutions (61.6%), and low-volume surgeons perform most of these operations (55.6%). Research has shown that high-volume surgeons have improved outcomes. Even in academia, however, the majority of endocrine operations are performed by low-volume surgeons, suggesting that there is an opportunity for expanding the number of surgeons with expertise in endocrine surgery in present-day academic centers. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. The Safety and Efficacy of Day Care Cataract Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Cabric, Emir; Zvornicanin, Jasmin; Jusufovic, Vahid

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate safety and efficacy of day care cataract surgery in developing country. Patients and Methods: This prospective study included 200 patients planned for cataract surgery during October and November 2012 divided in to two groups, day care cataract surgery (DCCS) and inpatient cataract surgery (ICS), with same number of male and female patients right and left eyes. All patients had same operative conditions and postoperative follow up. Results: The average age of patients in this study was 68.4 ± 7.47 years. Visual acuity before cataract extraction was 0.1754 where 44.5% of patients had severe visual impairment and another 23% had complicated cataract. Posterior capsule rupture was noted in 4.5% of cases. The main risk factors in both groups were: higher age, female gender, left side, complicated cataract, higher dioptric power of IOL and ECCE. Regular control opthalmologic examinations 30, 90 and 180 days after the cataract extraction did not reveal signs bullous keratopathy, wound dehiscence, cystoid macular edema and endophtalmitis in any of patients. Postoperative visual acuity 180 days after the operation in DCCS was 0.920 ± 0.154 and 0.928 ± 0.144 in ICS. Visual acuity less than 0.5 was noted in 4.5% due to posterior eye segment changes. Patients in DCCS group had 30 control examinations more and 95 days of hospitalization less than ICS with 16.5% cost reduction. Conclusion: The concept of day care cataract surgery is equally safe and more cost effective than inpatient cataract surgery. PMID:24937936

  10. Day surgery nurses' selection of patient preoperative information.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Mark

    2017-01-01

    To determine selection and delivery of preoperative verbal information deemed important by nurses to relay to patients immediately prior to day surgery. Elective day-case surgery is expanding, patient turnover is high and nurse-patient contact limited. In the brief time-frame available, nurses must select and precisely deliver information to patients, provide answers to questions and gain compliance to ensure a sustained, co-ordinated patient throughput. Concise information selection is therefore necessary especially given continued day surgery expansion. Electronic questionnaire. A survey investigating nurses' choice of patient information prior to surgery was distributed throughout the UK via email addresses listed on the British Association of Day Surgery member's website (January 2015-April 2015). Participants were requested to undertake the survey within 2-3 weeks, with 137 participants completing the survey giving a 44% response rate. Verbal information deemed most important by nurses preoperatively was checking fasting time, information about procedure/operation, checking medication, ensuring presence of medical records/test results and concluding medical investigations checks. To a lesser extent was theatre environment information, procedure/operation start time and possible time to discharge. Significant differences were established between perceived importance of information and information delivery concerning the procedure/operation and anaesthesia details. Nurses working with competing demands and frequent interruptions, prioritised patient safety information. Although providing technical details during time-limited encounters, efforts were made to individualise provision. A more formal plan of verbal information provision could help ease nurses' cognitive workload and enhance patient satisfaction. This study provides evidence that verbal information provided immediately prior to day surgery may vary with experience. Nurse educators and managers may

  11. The day of surgery for your child

    MedlinePlus

    The anesthesia and surgery team will talk with you and your child before surgery. You may meet with them ... a special marker. Talk to you about the anesthesia they will give your child. Get any needed ...

  12. Day surgery; development of a questionnaire for eliciting patients' experiences.

    PubMed

    Black, N; Sanderson, C

    1993-09-01

    To develop a single, short, acceptable, and validated postal questionnaire for assessing patients' experiences of the process and outcome of day surgery. Interviews and review of existing questionnaires; piloting and field testing of draft questionnaires; consistency and validity checks. Four hospitals, in Coventry (two), Swindon, and Milton Keynes. 373 patients undergoing day surgery in 1990. Postoperative symptoms, complications, health and functional status, general satisfaction, and satisfaction with specific aspects of care. Response rates of 50% were obtained on field testing draft questionnaires preoperatively and one week and one month after surgery. 28% of initial non-responders replied on receiving a postal reminder, regardless of whether or not a duplicate questionnaire was sent; a second reminder had little impact. Many patients who expressed overall satisfaction with their care were nevertheless dissatisfied with some specific aspects. Outcome and satisfaction were related to three aspects of case mix; patient's age, sex, and type of operative procedure. The final questionnaire produced as a result of this work included 28 questions with precoded answers plus opportunities to provide qualitative comments. Several factors (only one, shorter questionnaire to complete, fewer categories of nonresponders, and administration locally) suggested that a response rate of at least 65% (with one postal reminder) could be expected. A validated questionnaire for day surgery was developed, which will be used to establish a national comparative database.

  13. Evidence-based medicine in day surgery.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Anil

    2007-12-01

    To present the evidence available for the management of pain, for the prevention of nausea and vomiting, and for the best anaesthetic technique during ambulatory surgery. Paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective analgesics with a low number needed to treat, and are recommended when not contraindicated. Droperidol, dexamethasone and ondansetron are equally effective in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting during ambulatory surgery. The choice of the anaesthetic technique appears to play a minor role in recovery from anaesthesia or in the occurrence of minor postoperative complications or home discharge, except for the use of total intravenous anaesthesia for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Pain should be prevented adequately and treated vigorously. Postoperative nausea and vomiting is common and should be prevented in the at-risk patient. The choice of inhalation agents during ambulatory surgery is of minor importance in recovery from anaesthesia.

  14. Day surgery management model in china: practical experience and initial evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Huiyong; Han, Junyi; Lu, Aiguo; Liu, Xiufeng

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Day surgery has been increasingly performed in some major teaching hospitals in China. We aimed to evaluate the current day surgery management model (DSMM) and compare the clinical outcome and health service utility of day surgery with inpatient surgery. Methods: We reviewed 14482 day surgery cases under the DSMM and 2591 inpatient surgery cases under the non-DSMM between September 2006 and September 2012 in Shanghai East Hospital. The endpoints of interest were hospitalization days, incision infection rate and hospital cost. Results: Among 14482 day surgery cases, only 52 (0.4%) were converted to hospitalization. The average hospitalization time of the patients was 2-10 hours. None of them had incision infection. Hospital cost of DSMM was less than 50% of non-DSMM (inpatient surgery). The most common postoperative complications were nausea, vomiting and dizziness. Nearly half of patients had mild to moderate pain after surgery. Conclusions: DSMM optimizes the utilization of healthcare resources by reducing hospital admission, hospital cost and incision infection in China. PMID:25550971

  15. Patient and staff satisfaction with 'day of admission' elective surgery.

    PubMed

    Sofela, Agbolahan A; Laban, James T; Selway, Richard P

    2013-04-01

    To evaluate patient and staff satisfaction with day of admission surgery in a neurosurgical unit and its effect on theatre start times. Patients were admitted to a Neurosciences admission lounge (NAL) for neurosurgery on the morning of their operation if deemed appropriate by their neurosurgical consultant. All patients in the NAL were asked to complete patient satisfaction questionnaires. Staff members involved in the care of these patients also completed a satisfaction questionnaire. Theatre start times were compared with those whose patients had been admitted prior to the day of surgery. 378 patients admitted on the day of surgery, 16 doctors (5 anaesthetists, 7 neurosurgeons and 4 neuro high dependency unit, HDU doctors) and 5 nurses. Patients completed an anonymised emotional mapping patient satisfaction questionnaire, and short interviews were carried out with staff members. Theatre start times were obtained retrospectively from the theatre database for lists starting with patients admitted on the day of surgery, and lists starting with patients admitted prior to the day of surgery. 83% of patients felt positive on arrival in the NAL and 88% felt positive on being seen by the doctors and nurses prior to surgery. Overall 79% of patients gave positive responses throughout their patient pathway. 90% of staff were positive about day of admission surgery and all staff members were satisfied that there were no negative effects on surgical outcome. Theatre start time was on average 27 minutes earlier in patients admitted on the day of surgery. Neurosurgical patients, appropriately selected, can be admitted on the day of surgery with high staff and patient satisfaction and without delaying theatre start times.

  16. The early days of spinal tumour surgery.

    PubMed

    Ellis, Harold

    2011-12-01

    In numerous examples in this series of essays on 'The Early Days of ...' there is argument and debate about who should be given the credit for introducing a particular major advance in treatment. However, in the story of the management of tumours involving the spinal cord, there is no doubt at all about priority; the surgeon was Victor Horsley and the date was June 1887! The patient was a Captain Gilbey, a business man and a retired Army officer. In 1884, shortly after his wife's death following a road traffic accident, he developed severe upper thoracic back pain. He was seen over succeeding months and years by numbers of specialists, whose diagnoses ranged from an aneurysm to neurasthenia, and whose treatments included advice to take a long sea voyage, to have Turkish baths and to take the cure at the medicinal baths at Aix-la-Chapelle. His various medical advisors thought his condition to be functional, even though he was gradually losing sensation and movement in his legs and trunk, was having considerable difficulty in passing his urine and was now requiring morphia for the pain.

  17. Safety of lornoxicam in the treatment of postoperative pain: a post-marketing study of analgesic regimens containing lornoxicam compared with standard analgesic treatment in 3752 day-case surgery patients.

    PubMed

    Rawal, Narinder; Krøner, Karsten; Simin-Geertsen, Marija; Hejl, Charlotte; Likar, Rudolf

    2010-01-01

    Post-marketing surveillance studies can provide supplemental data on the safety of medications in the general population. This study aimed to evaluate the safety of analgesic regimens including the NSAID lornoxicam in the short-term treatment of postoperative pain in a clinically relevant population. Randomized, open-label, multicentre, multinational, observational cohort study of 4 days' duration. In-hospital postoperative setting, with discharge to home treatment within 24 hours of surgery. Adults aged > or =18 years expected to be in need of analgesic treatment after day-case surgery. Analgesic regimens containing lornoxicam were compared with a standard analgesic treatment, which was defined as the treatment that the patient would normally receive at the centre. Following day-case surgery, patients were provided with appropriate analgesic medication, and adverse events (AEs; defined as all recorded events with symptoms) were recorded by the investigator during the in-hospital stay and by the patient for the next 3 days using entries recorded morning and evening in a patient diary. Statistical analyses tested for between-treatment differences in AEs, adverse drug reactions (ADRs; defined as events probably, possibly or unlikely to be related to treatment) and gastrointestinal AEs (GI-AEs). A total of 4152 patients were randomized to treatment. Since 400 patients did not take any analgesic, the safety population consisted of 1838 patients for lornoxicam and 1914 patients for standard analgesic treatment. Demographic and disease characteristics were similar between the two treatment groups, as were the type of surgery and the anaesthesia used in surgery. In the safety population, 16.9% of patients received no analgesic in hospital, and when analgesics were provided they were often administered in combination. Similarly, approximately 17% of patients did not take any analgesics at home. AEs were reported in 27.1% and 29.4% of patients in the lornoxicam and standard

  18. Influence of gender and anaesthesia type on day surgery anxiety.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Mark

    2012-05-01

      To investigate the possible influence of gender and anaesthesia type on anxiety prior to day surgery.   Elective surgery undertaken on a day, short stay or 'day of surgery' basis is growing and much emphasis also placed on 'enhanced recovery' for in-patient surgery. During such brief episodes preoperative apprehension can be considerable but the opportunity to help reduce anxiety is minimal and formal plans uncommon.   As part of a larger study, a questionnaire was distributed to 1606 patients undergoing day surgery, with anaesthesia (2005-2007). Participants were requested to return the questionnaire by mail 24-48 hours following surgery, with 674 returned. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of variance.   Of the total patients 82·4% experienced anxiety on the day of surgery with the wait, anaesthesia and possible pain being common anxiety-provoking aspects. The majority preferred to receive information between 1-4 weeks in advance and participants experiencing general anaesthesia required information at a statistically significantly earlier stage. General anaesthesia patients were statistically significantly more anxious than local anaesthesia patients and desired more information. Female patients were statistically significantly more anxious, anxiety commenced earlier and they preferred to wait with a relative/friend or talk with other patients.   Anxiety was experienced by the majority of participants but was more prevalent amongst general anaesthesia and female patients. For general anaesthesia patients, a comprehensive level of information may be required a number of weeks prior to surgery and gender differences associated with the preoperative wait may require greater consideration. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  19. Consensus statement on anaesthesia for day care surgeries.

    PubMed

    Kulkarni, Satish; Harsoor, S S; Chandrasekar, M; Bhaskar, S Bala; Bapat, Jitendra; Ramdas, Edakeparavan Keloth; Valecha, Umesh Kumar; Pradhan, Amol Shashikumar; Swami, Adarsh Chandra

    2017-02-01

    The primary aim of day-care surgery units is to allow for early recovery of the patients so that they can return to their familiar 'home' environment; the management hence should be focused towards achieving these ends. The benefits could include a possible reduction in the risk of thromboembolism and hospital-acquired infections. Furthermore, day-care surgery is believed to reduce the average unit cost of treatment by up to 70% as compared to inpatient surgery. With more than 20% of the world's disease burden, India only has 6% of the world's hospital beds. Hence, there is an immense opportunity for expansion in day-care surgery in India to ensure faster and safer, cost-effective patient turnover. For this to happen, there is a need of change in the mindset of all concerned clinicians, surgeons, anaesthesiologists and even the patients. A group of nine senior consultants from various parts of India, a mix of private and government anaesthesiologists, assembled in Mumbai and deliberated and discussed on the various aspects of day-care surgery. They formulated a consensus statement, the first of its kind in the Indian scenario, which can act as a guidance and tool for day-care anaesthesia in India. The statements are derived from the available published evidence in peer-reviewed literature including guidelines of several bodies such as the American Society of Anesthesiologists, British Association of Day Surgery and International Association of Ambulatory Surgery. The authors also offer interpretive comments wherever such evidence is inadequate or contradictory.

  20. Consensus statement on anaesthesia for day care surgeries

    PubMed Central

    Kulkarni, Satish; Harsoor, SS; Chandrasekar, M; Bhaskar, S Bala; Bapat, Jitendra; Ramdas, Edakeparavan Keloth; Valecha, Umesh Kumar; Pradhan, Amol Shashikumar; Swami, Adarsh Chandra

    2017-01-01

    The primary aim of day-care surgery units is to allow for early recovery of the patients so that they can return to their familiar 'home' environment; the management hence should be focused towards achieving these ends. The benefits could include a possible reduction in the risk of thromboembolism and hospital-acquired infections. Furthermore, day-care surgery is believed to reduce the average unit cost of treatment by up to 70% as compared to inpatient surgery. With more than 20% of the world's disease burden, India only has 6% of the world's hospital beds. Hence, there is an immense opportunity for expansion in day-care surgery in India to ensure faster and safer, cost-effective patient turnover. For this to happen, there is a need of change in the mindset of all concerned clinicians, surgeons, anaesthesiologists and even the patients. A group of nine senior consultants from various parts of India, a mix of private and government anaesthesiologists, assembled in Mumbai and deliberated and discussed on the various aspects of day-care surgery. They formulated a consensus statement, the first of its kind in the Indian scenario, which can act as a guidance and tool for day-care anaesthesia in India. The statements are derived from the available published evidence in peer-reviewed literature including guidelines of several bodies such as the American Society of Anesthesiologists, British Association of Day Surgery and International Association of Ambulatory Surgery. The authors also offer interpretive comments wherever such evidence is inadequate or contradictory. PMID:28250479

  1. Day-case laparoscopic hernia repair.

    PubMed

    Evans, D S; Ghaneh, P; Khan, I M

    1996-10-01

    Some 114 patients (median age 52 years) underwent laparoscopic hernia repair as a day-case procedure. Twenty-one patients had bilateral and 11 recurrent hernias. Some 113 patients underwent transabdominal preperitoneal mesh repair but one required conversion to open operation. Mean operating time was 24 min for unilateral and 38 min for bilateral repair. In an operating session of 3.5 h, up to five patients (mean 4.4) underwent surgery and as many as seven hernias were repaired. More than 10 per cent of patients were found to have a previously undiagnosed hernia on the opposite side. A total of 111 patients were discharged home on the day of surgery. Major complications included one omental bleed and one small bowel obstruction. Seroma was the commonest minor complication and occurred in 7 per cent of patients. More than 35 per cent of patients needed no postoperative analgesia. To date there has been one recurrence (follow-up range 2-18 months).

  2. The value of comparative research in major day surgery.

    PubMed

    Llop-Gironés, Alba; Vergara-Duarte, Montse; Sánchez, Josep Anton; Tarafa, Gemma; Benach, Joan

    2017-05-19

    To measure time trends in major day surgery rates according to hospital ownership and other hospital characteristics among the providers of the public healthcare network of Catalonia, Spain. Data from the Statistics of Health Establishments providing Inpatient Care. A generalized linear mixed model with Gaussian response and random intercept and random slopes. The greatest growth in the rate of major day surgery was observed among private for-profit hospitals: 42.9 (SD: 22.5) in 2009 versus 2.7 (SD: 6.7) in 1996. These hospitals exhibited a significant increase in major day surgery compared to public hospitals (coefficient 2; p-value <0.01) CONCLUSIONS: The comparative evaluation of hospital performance is a decisive tool to ensure that public resources are used as rationally and efficiently as possible. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Risk model of thoracic aortic surgery in 4707 cases from a nationwide single-race population through a web-based data entry system: the first report of 30-day and 30-day operative outcome risk models for thoracic aortic surgery.

    PubMed

    Motomura, Noboru; Miyata, Hiroaki; Tsukihara, Hiroyuki; Takamoto, Shinichi

    2008-09-30

    The objective of this study was to collect integrated data from nationwide hospitals using a web-based national database system to build up our own risk model for the outcome from thoracic aortic surgery. The Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database was used; this involved approximately 180 hospitals throughout Japan through a web-based data entry system. Variables and definitions are almost identical to the STS National Database. After data cleanup, 4707 records were analyzed from 97 hospitals (between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2005). Mean age was 66.5 years. Preoperatively, the incidence of chronic lung disease was 11%, renal failure was 9%, and rupture or malperfusion was 10%. The incidence of the location along the aorta requiring replacement surgery (including overlapping areas) was: aortic root, 10%; ascending aorta, 47%; aortic arch, 44%; distal arch, 21%; descending aorta, 27%; and thoracoabdominal aorta, 8%. Raw 30-day and 30-day operative mortality rates were 6.7% and 8.6%, respectively. Postoperative incidence of permanent stroke was 6.1%, and renal failure requiring dialysis was 6.7%. OR for 30-day operative mortality was as follows: emergency or salvage, 3.7; creatinine >3.0 mg/dL, 3.0; and unexpected coronary artery bypass graft, 2.6. As a performance metric of the risk model, C-index of 30-day and 30-day operative mortality was 0.79 and 0.78, respectively. This is the first report of risk stratification on thoracic aortic surgery using a nationwide surgical database. Although condition of these patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery was much more serious than other procedures, the result of this series was excellent.

  4. Prevention and control of perioperative incision infection in patients undergoing day cataract surgery.

    PubMed

    Yang, Chunyan; Chen, Aihuan; Wang, Yinghuan; Fang, Xiaoqun; Ye, Ronghua; Lin, Jingyi

    2014-09-01

    To explore the effects of the prevention and control of perioperative incision infection on the quality of day cataract surgery. The nursing care and efficacy of 5087 patients undergoing day cataract surgery between October 2012 and October 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The disinfection and isolation guidance was established for perioperative prevention and control of infection, topical administration of ocular agents, reexamination and healthcare instruction, and alternative measures were taken. All 5087 patients successfully underwent day surgery of phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation. All cases recovered without incision infection. Preoperative preparation, and intraoperative and postoperative prevention and control of infection serve as vital measures for effectively avoiding the incidence of incision infection in patients undergoing day cataract surgery.

  5. [Calling patients on the eve of their day surgery procedure].

    PubMed

    Boule, Marie; Darribère, Véronique; Derouard, Nathalie; Goyenetche, Maryline; Peyroulet, Christel; Coquet, Marie-Monique

    2015-01-01

    In day surgery, the call on the eve of the procedure is a key stage in the patient's care pathway. Systematically carried out by the nurse, it helps to establish a relationship of trust with the nursing team. Through this exchange, the nurse ensures various aspects of the patient management are taken care of and optimises the organisation of the following day's programme. A team from Pau shares its practice. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. A prospective, randomised, controlled study examining binaural beat audio and pre-operative anxiety in patients undergoing general anaesthesia for day case surgery.

    PubMed

    Padmanabhan, R; Hildreth, A J; Laws, D

    2005-09-01

    Pre-operative anxiety is common and often significant. Ambulatory surgery challenges our pre-operative goal of an anxiety-free patient by requiring people to be 'street ready' within a brief period of time after surgery. Recently, it has been demonstrated that music can be used successfully to relieve patient anxiety before operations, and that audio embedded with tones that create binaural beats within the brain of the listener decreases subjective levels of anxiety in patients with chronic anxiety states. We measured anxiety with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory questionnaire and compared binaural beat audio (Binaural Group) with an identical soundtrack but without these added tones (Audio Group) and with a third group who received no specific intervention (No Intervention Group). Mean [95% confidence intervals] decreases in anxiety scores were 26.3%[19-33%] in the Binaural Group (p = 0.001 vs. Audio Group, p < 0.0001 vs. No Intervention Group), 11.1%[6-16%] in the Audio Group (p = 0.15 vs. No Intervention Group) and 3.8%[0-7%] in the No Intervention Group. Binaural beat audio has the potential to decrease acute pre-operative anxiety significantly.

  7. Day case robotic ventral rectopexy compared with day case laparoscopic ventral rectopexy: a prospective study.

    PubMed

    Faucheron, J-L; Trilling, B; Barbois, S; Sage, P-Y; Waroquet, P-A; Reche, F

    2016-10-01

    Ventral rectopexy to the promontory has become one of the most strongly advocated surgical treatments for patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse and deep enterocele. Despite its challenges, laparoscopic ventral rectopexy with or without robotic assistance for selected patients can be performed with relatively minimal patient trauma thus creating the potential for same-day discharge. The aim of this prospective case-controlled study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and cost of day case robotic ventral rectopexy compared with routine day case laparoscopic ventral rectopexy. Between February 28, 2014 and March 3, 2015, 20 consecutive patients underwent day case laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for total rectal prolapse or deep enterocele at Michallon University Hospital, Grenoble. Patients were selected for day case surgery on the basis of motivation, favorable social circumstances, and general fitness. One out of every two patients underwent the robotic procedure (n = 10). Demographics, technical results, and costs were compared between both groups. Patients from both groups were comparable in terms of demographics and technical results. Patients operated on with the robot had significantly less pain (p = 0.045). Robotic rectopexy was associated with longer median operative time (94 vs 52.5 min, p < 0.001) and higher costs (9088 vs 3729 euros per procedure, p < 0.001) than laparoscopic rectopexy. Day case robotic ventral rectopexy is feasible and safe, but results in longer operative time and higher costs than classical laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for full-thickness rectal prolapse and enterocele.

  8. Reconstructive valve surgery within 10 days of stroke in endocarditis.

    PubMed

    Raman, Jai; Ballal, Apoorva; Hota, Bala; Mirza, Sara; Lai, David; Bleck, Thomas; Lateef, Omar

    2016-07-01

    The optimal timing of surgical treatment for infective endocarditis complicated by cerebrovascular events is controversial, largely due to the perceived risk of perioperative intracranial bleeding. Current guidelines suggest waiting 2 weeks between the diagnosis of stroke and surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and neurological outcomes of early surgery following a stroke. This was a single-center retrospective analysis of 12 consecutive patients requiring surgery for infective endocarditis between 2011 and 2014 at Rush University Medical Center, with either ischemic (n = 6) and/or hemorrhagic (n = 6) cerebrovascular complications. All underwent computed tomographic angiography prior to early valve reconstructive surgery to identify potentially actionable neurological findings. Early valve surgery was performed for ongoing sepsis or persistent emboli. Neurologic risk and outcome were assessed pre- and postoperatively using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and the Glasgow Outcome Scale, respectively. All 12 patients underwent surgical treatment within 10 days of the diagnosis of stroke. Mortality in the immediate postoperative period was 8%. Eleven of the 12 patients exhibited good neurological recovery in the immediate postoperative period, with a Glasgow Outcome Scale score ≥ 3. There was no correlation between duration of cardiopulmonary bypass and neurological outcomes. Early cardiac surgery in patients with infective endocarditis and stroke maybe lifesaving with a low neurological risk. Comprehensive neurovascular imaging may help in identifying patient-related risk factors. © The Author(s) 2016.

  9. Initial experience using a femtosecond laser cataract surgery system at a UK National Health Service cataract surgery day care centre

    PubMed Central

    Dhallu, Sandeep K; Maurino, Vincenzo; Wilkins, Mark R

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To describe the initial outcomes following installation of a cataract surgery laser system. Setting National Health Service cataract surgery day care unit in North London, UK. Participants 158 eyes of 150 patients undergoing laser-assisted cataract surgery. Interventions Laser cataract surgery using the AMO Catalys femtosecond laser platform. Primary and secondary outcome measures Primary outcome measure: intraoperative complications including anterior and posterior capsule tears. Secondary outcome measures: docking to the laser platform, successful treatment delivery, postoperative visual acuities. Results Mean case age was 67.7±10.8 years (range 29–88 years). Docking was successful in 94% (148/158 cases), and in 4% (6/148 cases) of these, the laser delivery was aborted part way during delivery due to patient movement. A total of 32 surgeons, of grades from junior trainee to consultant, performed the surgeries. Median case number per surgeon was 3 (range from 1–20). The anterior capsulotomy was complete in 99.3% of cases, there were no anterior capsule tears (0%). There were 3 cases with posterior capsule rupture requiring anterior vitrectomy, and 1 with zonular dialysis requiring anterior vitrectomy (4/148 eyes, 2.7%). These 4 cases were performed by trainee surgeons, and were either their first laser cataract surgery (2 surgeons) or their first and second laser cataract surgeries (1 surgeon). Conclusions Despite the learning curve, docking and laser delivery were successfully performed in almost all cases, and surgical complication rates and visual outcomes were similar to those expected based on national data. Complications were predominately confined to trainee surgeons, and with the exception of intraoperative pupil constriction appeared unrelated to the laser-performed steps. PMID:27466243

  10. Severity and impact of pain after day-surgery.

    PubMed

    Beauregard, L; Pomp, A; Choinière, M

    1998-04-01

    To assess the intensity, duration and impact of pain after day-surgery interventions. Predictors of pain severity were also evaluated along with the quality of analgesic practices and patient satisfaction. Eighty-nine consecutive day-surgery patients completed self-administered questionnaires before leaving the hospital and at 24, 48 hr and seven days after discharge. The survey instrument was composed of 0-10 pain intensity scales, selected items of the Brief Pain Inventory, of the Patient Outcome Questionnaire and of the Barriers Questionnaire. Analgesic intake in hospital and at home was recorded along with the use of other pain control methods. Forty percent of the patients reported moderate to severe pain during the first 24 hr after hospital discharge. The pain decreased with time but it was severe enough to interfere with daily activities in a substantial number of patients. The best predictor of severe pain at home was inadequate pain control during the first few hours following the surgery. More than 80% of the participants were satisfied with their pain treatment. However, one patient in four (25%) needed contact with a health care provider because of pain at home. Many patients (33% to 51%) reported that instructions about pain control were either unclear or non-existent on several aspects. Medication use was low overall. Thirty-two percent of the patients did not take any pain medication during the first 24 hr after discharge although almost half of them (46%) rated their pain > or = 4. The most common concerns patients had about using pain medication were fear of drug addiction and side effects. The severity and duration of pain after day-surgery should not be underestimated. Aggressive analgesic treatment during the hospital stay should be provided along with take-home analgesia protocols and comprehensive patient education programs.

  11. Same-day discharge in benign esophageal surgery: a prospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Desbeaux, A; Gronnier, C; Piessen, G; Vanderbeken, M; Ruolt, N; Triboulet, J-P; Mariette, C

    2017-04-01

    Day-case esophageal surgery has been demonstrated to be safe in small prospective cohorts and only for laparoscopic fundoplication. The aims of this study are to assess the feasibility and safety of a large series of esophageal day-case surgeries, including laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF), Zenker diverticulectomy (ZD), and laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) and to compare the outcomes among three procedures.This was a prospective, observational study of selected patients who underwent day-case LNF, ZD, and LHM between 2003 and 2013. Postoperative outcomes, the patients' satisfaction, and functional results were evaluated with dedicated scores and compared.Of the 427 patients who underwent surgery for those indications during the study period, 168 (39.3%) eligible patients underwent day-case procedures (134 LNF, 14 LHM, and 20 ZD). The overnight unplanned admission rate was 16.2% and was similar among the groups (P = 0.681). Ten patients were readmitted during the first postoperative week because of dysphagia (n = 6, all in the LNF group), flu-like syndrome (n = 1), and secondary perforation (n = 3, all in the LHM group). The unplanned seven-day readmission rate was significantly higher in the LHM group than in the ZD and LNF groups (P = 0.042). The 30-day rates of unplanned readmission and consultation were 8.9% (P = 0.300) and 4.8%, respectively. At follow-up, 87.5% of the patients were satisfied with day-case treatment, and the functional results were good for 81.4% of the patients.Day-case esophageal surgery is feasible for LNF and seems to be feasible for ZD. Safety criteria have not yet been met for LHM, requiring further adaptations.

  12. Mortality after surgery in Europe: a 7 day cohort study.

    PubMed

    Pearse, Rupert M; Moreno, Rui P; Bauer, Peter; Pelosi, Paolo; Metnitz, Philipp; Spies, Claudia; Vallet, Benoit; Vincent, Jean-Louis; Hoeft, Andreas; Rhodes, Andrew

    2012-09-22

    Clinical outcomes after major surgery are poorly described at the national level. Evidence of heterogeneity between hospitals and health-care systems suggests potential to improve care for patients but this potential remains unconfirmed. The European Surgical Outcomes Study was an international study designed to assess outcomes after non-cardiac surgery in Europe. We did this 7 day cohort study between April 4 and April 11, 2011. We collected data describing consecutive patients aged 16 years and older undergoing inpatient non-cardiac surgery in 498 hospitals across 28 European nations. Patients were followed up for a maximum of 60 days. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcome measures were duration of hospital stay and admission to critical care. We used χ(2) and Fisher's exact tests to compare categorical variables and the t test or the Mann-Whitney U test to compare continuous variables. Significance was set at p<0·05. We constructed multilevel logistic regression models to adjust for the differences in mortality rates between countries. We included 46,539 patients, of whom 1855 (4%) died before hospital discharge. 3599 (8%) patients were admitted to critical care after surgery with a median length of stay of 1·2 days (IQR 0·9-3·6). 1358 (73%) patients who died were not admitted to critical care at any stage after surgery. Crude mortality rates varied widely between countries (from 1·2% [95% CI 0·0-3·0] for Iceland to 21·5% [16·9-26·2] for Latvia). After adjustment for confounding variables, important differences remained between countries when compared with the UK, the country with the largest dataset (OR range from 0·44 [95% CI 0·19-1·05; p=0·06] for Finland to 6·92 [2·37-20·27; p=0·0004] for Poland). The mortality rate for patients undergoing inpatient non-cardiac surgery was higher than anticipated. Variations in mortality between countries suggest the need for national and international strategies to improve care

  13. Children in day surgery: clinical practice and routines. The results from a nation-wide survey.

    PubMed

    Segerdahl, M; Warrén-Stomberg, M; Rawal, N; Brattwall, M; Jakobsson, J

    2008-07-01

    Day surgery is common in paediatric surgical practice. Safe routines including parental and child information in order to optimise care and reduce anxiety are important. Most day surgery units are not specialised in paediatric care, which is why specific paediatric expertise is often lacking. We studied the practice of paediatric day surgery in Sweden by a questionnaire survey sent to all hospitals, obtaining an 88% response rate. Three specific paediatric cases were enquired for in more detail. The proportion of paediatric day surgery vs. in-hospital procedures was 46%. Seventy-one out of 88 responding units performed paediatric day surgery. All units had anxiolytic pre-medication as a routine in 1-6-year-olds, and in 7-16-year-olds at 60% of the units. Most units performed circumcision and adenoidectomy, while 33% performed tonsillectomy. Anaesthesia induction was intravenous in older children, and also in 1-6-year-olds at 50% of the units. Parental presence at induction was mandatory. Post-operatively, 93% of units routinely assessed pain. Paracetamol and NSAIDs were the most common analgesics, as monotherapy or combined with rescue medication in the recovery as IV morphine. At 42% of units, take-home bags of analgesics were provided, covering 1-3 days of treatment. Pain was the most frequent complaint on follow-up. Micturition difficulties were common after circumcision, nausea after adenoidectomy and nutrition difficulties after tonsillectomy. In Sweden, most day surgery units perform paediatric surgery, most children receive pre-medication, anaesthesia is induced IV and take-home analgesics paracetamol and or NSAIDs are often provided. Still, pain is a common complaint after discharge.

  14. The management pattern carried out in a cataract surgery day ward.

    PubMed

    Lin, Jing; Fang, Xiaoqun; Wu, Suhong

    2013-06-01

    To evaluate the management practice and process of a cataract surgery day ward. From January to December in 2012, a portion of the cataract patients were evaluated for the pattern of day ward management. Methods were as follows: 1) Establish the cataract day ward. 2) Enroll the patients who met the following criteria: voluntary, local residents or outsiders who stayed in a hotel near the hospital, accompanied by family, and who had simple senile cataract without any systemic major diseases. 3) Establish the hospitalization process. 4) Analyze the nursing process. After cataract day surgery, the patients were followed for 2 hours and completed a questionnaire about their needs and sentiments. A total of 3971 cases were observed in this study; 49 cases were switched to a normal pattern of hospitalization because of operative complications, 1 case had a strong desire to switch to a normal pattern of hospitalization because of ocular discomfort, 8 cases went back to the hospital for treatment because of ocular pain, and 52 cases called on the phone to seek help. Overall, 3820 cases(96.2%) returned on time the next day to visit the doctor. No patients showed severe postoperative complications and 98% expressed great satisfaction with the day ward process. Only 200 cases expressed great concern about not knowing how to deal with postoperative pain, the changes in condition outside the hospital, the therapeutic effects, and the problem of expense reimburse-ment. Day ward cataract surgery is an efficient and safe mode, and has the potential to relieve the demand for inpatient beds and to ensure timely treatment of the patients. In addition, it helps the patients enjoy health care at public expense, reserving reimbursement for those who need to be hospitalized. Nurses should pay more attention to systemic evaluation of the patients, health education, and psychological guidance, and keep in close communication with doctors, which is the key to ensure the safety of day ward

  15. [Readaptation after total intravenous anesthesia in one-day surgery].

    PubMed

    Buravtsev, V A; Medvinskiĭ, I D

    1997-01-01

    The authors analyze the stages of readaptation and recovery of clear consciousness in the immediate postoperative period in 200 patients administered one of the four variants of intravenous anesthesia in a one-day surgical hospital. The purpose of this work was to optimize the anesthetic care and the readaptation period. The stages of readaptation were assessed by psychophysiological testing. This process coursed most smoothly after propofol-phentanyl and hypnomidate-phentanyl anesthesia. Readaptation after sombrevin-phentanyl coursed reliably slower. The longest recovery was observed after calipsol-diazepam anesthesia, despite drug stimulation. This type of narcosis is irrational for one-day surgery, for it requires prolonged postoperative monitoring and thus makes the hospital stay longer.

  16. The challenge of cancellations on the day of surgery.

    PubMed

    Dimitriadis, P A; Iyer, S; Evgeniou, E

    2013-01-01

    Cancellations of planned surgical procedures have been a major and long-standing problem for healthcare organisations across the world. They represent a significant loss of revenue and waste of resources, have significant psychological, social and financial implications for patients and their families and represent a significant loss of training opportunities for surgical trainees. The current study investigates the reasons for day of surgery cancellations at an NHS Foundation Trust in the United Kingdom and proposes strategies to reduce their incidence. All cancellations of elective and emergency procedures during the period from January 2012 to December 2012 were identified retrospectively using the IQ Utopia patient management software. The rate of cancellations on the day of surgery for elective and planned emergency procedures during 2012 was 5.19%. The main reason for cancellation was patient not fit for operation (33.73%), followed by lack of beds (21.79%), lack of theatre time (17.31%), patient failed to attend (6.87%) and operation no longer necessary (4.08%). Similar reasons for cancellations have been reported in studies from around the world. The published literature provides various examples of successful and unsuccessful strategies to reduce surgery cancellations, even when they are caused by factors that are sometimes considered unavoidable. The feasibility and profitability of approaches that have been proven to be successful in other institutions should be assessed thoroughly in the context of the individual institution's characteristics and individual problems before a decision for implementation is made. Copyright © 2013 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Breaking Barriers to Successful Implementation of Day Case Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Reynolds, I; Bolger, J; Al-Hilli, Z; Hill, A D K

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a common procedure performed in both emergency and elective settings. Our aim was to analyse the trends in laparoscopic surgery in Ireland in the public and private healthcare systems. In particular we studied the trend in day case laparoscopic cholecystectomy. National HIPE data for the years 2010-2012 was obtained. Similar datasets were obtained from the three main health insurers. 19,214 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were carried out in Ireland over the 3-year period. More procedures were performed in the public system than the private system from 2010-2012. There was a steady increase in surgeries performed in the public sector, while the private sector remained static. Although the ALOS was significantly higher in the public sector, there was an increase in the rate of day case procedures from 416 (13%) to 762 (21.9%). The day case rates in private hospitals increased only slightly from 29 (5.1%) in 2010 to 40 (5.9%) in 2012. Day case laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been shown to be a safe procedure, however significant barriers remain in place to the implementation of successful day case units nationwide.

  18. A methodology to estimate the potential to move inpatient to one day surgery

    PubMed Central

    Gilliard, Nicolas; Eggli, Yves; Halfon, Patricia

    2006-01-01

    Background The proportion of surgery performed as a day case varies greatly between countries. Low rates suggest a large growth potential in many countries. Measuring the potential development of one day surgery should be grounded on a comprehensive list of eligible procedures, based on a priori criteria, independent of local practices. We propose an algorithmic method, using only routinely available hospital data to identify surgical hospitalizations that could have been performed as one day treatment. Methods Moving inpatient surgery to one day surgery was considered feasible if at least one surgical intervention was eligible for one day surgery and if none of the following criteria were present: intervention or affection requiring an inpatient stay, patient transferred or died, and length of stay greater than four days. The eligibility of a procedure to be treated as a day case was mainly established on three a priori criteria: surgical access (endoscopic or not), the invasiveness of the procedure and the size of the operated organ. Few overrides of these criteria occurred when procedures were associated with risk of immediate complications, slow physiological recovery or pain treatment requiring hospital infrastructure. The algorithm was applied to a random sample of one million inpatient US stays and more than 600 thousand Swiss inpatient stays, in the year 2002. Results The validity of our method was demonstrated by the few discrepancies between the a priori criteria based list of eligible procedures, and a state list used for reimbursement purposes, the low proportion of hospitalizations eligible for one day care found in the US sample (4.9 versus 19.4% in the Swiss sample), and the distribution of the elective procedures found eligible in Swiss hospitals, well supported by the literature. There were large variations of the proportion of candidates for one day surgery among elective surgical hospitalizations between Swiss hospitals (3 to 45.3%). Conclusion

  19. Are we ready for day-case partial nephrectomy?

    PubMed

    Bernhard, Jean-Christophe; Payan, Anne; Bensadoun, Henri; Cornelis, François; Pierquet, Grégory; Pasticier, Gilles; Robert, Grégoire; Capon, Grégoire; Ravaud, Alain; Ferriere, Jean-Marie

    2016-06-01

    Fast-track and day-case surgeries are gaining more and more importance. Their development was eased by the diffusion of minimal invasive surgical strategies and the consequential morbidity reduction. In the field of kidney cancer, seven cases of ambulatory radical nephrectomy were previously reported in the international literature. Regarding robotic partial nephrectomy (PN), short postoperative pathways resulting in patients' discharge on postoperative day 1 were shown to be safe and feasible. We report our initial experience of robot-assisted PN discharged on postoperative day zero and discuss the criteria for adequate patient selection. Indeed, outpatient PN will obviously not be suitable for all patients, and careful selection will be mandatory. Both specific baseline patient's factors and postoperative events will have to be recognized for the first ones and prevented for the second ones. Safety, patient satisfaction, cost efficiency, and reproducibility will be the key factors to assess and promote day-case PN.

  20. Day-Case Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate: Prospective Evaluation of 90 Consecutive Cases.

    PubMed

    Comat, Vincent; Marquette, Thibault; Sutter, Willy; Bernhard, Jean-Christophe; Pasticier, Gilles; Capon, Gregoire; Bensadoun, Henri; Ferrière, Jean-Marie; Robert, Gregoire

    2017-09-28

    To prospectively assess the feasibility and safety of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) as day-case surgery for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. A prospective observational study was conducted by a single surgeon between June 2012 and October 2015. Except for patients ineligible for day-case surgery due to unstable cardiovascular disease, all patients with lower urinary tract symptoms presumably due to benign prostatic hyperplasia were consecutively included. HoLEP procedures were performed at 8AM, and patients were discharged before 8PM. The urinary catheter was removed at home the following morning. The monitoring of complications related with surgery included systematic assessment of perioperative complications, phone call within 48 hours after surgery, and follow-up visits after 1 and 3 months. Intent-to-treat univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify risk factors for day-case surgery failure. Ninety among 211 HoLEP performed by the surgeon were selected for day-case surgery (43%). Hospital stay was <12 hours in 83.4% of them. Prolonged hospitalization was necessary in 15 patients mainly due to gross hematuria requiring continuous bladder irrigation (n = 13). Day-case surgery failure rate (including prolonged hospitalization and readmissions within 48 hours) was 20.0% (18/90). The overall complication rate was 36.7%, with a Clavien III complication rate of only 3.3%. Monocentric design and limited number of patients are the main limitations of this work. This prospective evaluation shows that day-case HoLEP may be performed by a trained surgeon with an appropriate patient selection.

  1. Same-Day Evaluation and Surgery for Otitis Media and Tympanostomy Tube Placement: A Feasibility Study.

    PubMed

    Billings, Kathleen R; Hajduk, John; Rose, Allison; De Oliveira, Gildasio S; Suresh, Suresh S; Thompson, Dana M

    2016-10-01

    To determine the feasibility of providing streamlined same-day evaluation and surgical management of children with recurrent otitis media or chronic serous otitis media who meet criteria for tympanostomy tube (TT) placement. Retrospective matched case series. Tertiary care children's hospital. A comparison group (age, sex, insurance product) was utilized to determine if the same-day process decreased facility time and surgical time for the care episode. A parent satisfaction survey was administered. Thirty children, with a median age of 16 months (range, 12-22 months), participated in the same-day surgery process for TT. Twenty-one patients (70.0%) were male, and these patients were matched to a comparison group (similar age, sex, and insurance product) having non-same-day (routine) TT placement. The same-day patients spent significantly less time in clinic for the preoperative physician visit (average, 15 minutes) when compared with the non-same-day patients (average, 51.5 minutes; P < .001). The operative experience for the same-day patients was similar to the non-same-day patients (average, 145 vs 137 minutes, respectively; P = .35), but the overall experience was significantly shorter for the same-day patients (average, 151 vs 196 minutes for comparisons; P < .001). All parents surveyed in the same-day group were satisfied with the efficiency of the experience. The same-day surgery process for management of children who meet the criteria for TT placement is a model of improved efficiency of care for children who suffer from otitis media. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2016.

  2. [Percutaneous Endovascular Aortic Repair with Local Anesthesia - One Day Surgery].

    PubMed

    Sousa, Joel; Brandão, Daniel; Barreto, Paulo; Ferreira, Joana; Almeida Lopes, José; Mansilha, Armando

    2016-06-01

    Introdução: Avaliar os resultados do tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal (EVAR) por via percutânea e anestesia local, segundo o conceito de one day surgery.Material e Métodos: Análise retrospetiva, unicêntrica dos doentes com doença aneurismática aorto-ilíaca, consecutivamente submetidos a tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal por via percutânea (pEVAR) pela técnica de Preclose, seguindo critérios de ambulatorização com pernoita após o procedimento. O sucesso técnico, exclusão do saco aneurismático, endoleak, reintervenção e tempo de internamento foram avaliados.Resultados: Vinte doentes consecutivos (todos homens, idade média 74,65 anos) foram tratados por pEVAR e anestesia local, dos quais 95% (19) apresentavam aneurisma da aorta abdominal e 5% (1) aneurisma da artéria ilíaca comum. Todos os implantes foram realizados com sucesso, com uma taxa de endoleak inicial de 10% (2), à custa de um endoleak 1a corrigido intraoperatoriamente com sucesso, e um endoleak 2a diagnosticado na primeira angio-tomografia computorizada pós-operatória, que selou espontaneamente no controlo aos 6 meses. O sucesso técnico inicial do encerramento percutâneo foi de 97,5%, com um caso reportado de pseudo-aneurisma femoral, corrigido posteriormente por injeção percutânea de trombina. A mediana de internamento foi de 1 dia [1-10], com follow-up médio de 11,4 meses [1-36]. A reintervenção e mortalidade são de 0% no período descrito. Conclusão: O tratamento ambulatório do aneurisma da aorta abdominal por via endovascular com acesso percutâneo segundo o nosso modelo de one day surgery é inovador, seguro e eficaz, respeitando os critérios de seleção.

  3. Reducing Cancelations on the Day of Scheduled Surgery at a Children's Hospital.

    PubMed

    Pratap, Jayant Nick; Varughese, Anna M; Mercurio, Patti; Lynch, Terri; Lonnemann, Teresa; Ellis, Andrea; Rugg, John; Stone, W Ray; Bedinghaus, Cindi

    2015-05-01

    Cancelation on the day of surgery (DoSC) represents a costly wastage of operating room (OR) time and causes inconvenience, emotional distress, and financial cost to families. A quality improvement project sought to reduce lost OR time due to cancelation. Key drivers of the process included effective 2-way communication with families, compliance with fasting rules, and decision-making on patient illness before the day of surgery. A multidisciplinary team conducted serial tests of change addressing the various key drivers. Interventions were simplified, colorful, personalized preoperative instruction sheets and text-message reminders to caregivers' cellphones, as well as a defined institutional decision-making pathway to permit rescheduling before the day of surgery in case of patient illness concerns. After initial smaller-scale testing, the interventions were implemented across all patients and sites. Data were collected from the hospital information technology system and analyzed by using control charts and statistical process control methods. Mean OR time lost due to DoSC was decreased from a baseline of 5.7 to 3.6 hours/day in testing with a subset of surgical services at the hospital's base campus, and then from 6.6 hours to 5.5 hours/day when implemented across all services at both surgical sites. By applying quality improvement methods, significant reductions were made in time lost due to DoSC. The impact can be significant by improving institutional resource utilization. Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  4. Differences in immune response to anesthetics used for day surgery versus hospitalization surgery for breast cancer patients.

    PubMed

    Kim, Ryungsa; Kawai, Ami; Wakisaka, Megumi; Funaoka, Yuri; Ohtani, Shoichiro; Ito, Mitsuya; Kadoya, Takayuki; Okada, Morihito

    2017-09-14

    Surgery/anesthetic technique-stimulated immunosuppression may be associated with outcome for cancer patients. Here, the immune responses of patients undergoing day surgery versus hospitalization surgery for breast cancer were compared in a prospective study. Between February 2012 and August 2014, 21 breast cancer patients underwent day surgery and 16 breast cancer patients underwent hospitalization surgery. The former group received lidocaine/propofol/pethidine, while propofol/systemic opioid- and sevoflurane/propofol/systemic opioid-based anesthesia were administered to the latter group. Surgical stress response was evaluated based on time of operation and amount of bleeding during operation. Immune function was assessed based on natural killer (NK) cell activity, CD4/8 T cell ratio, and cytokine levels of IL-6 and IL-10 that were detected before surgery, after surgery, and on the first postoperative day. Operation time did not differ between the two groups. Blood loss was significantly less for the hospitalization surgery group. No change in NK cell activity was observed for either group, although the CD4/8 T cell ratio increased transiently following day surgery. Levels of IL-6 increased significantly in both groups following surgery, and these levels tended to be higher in the hospitalization surgery group. One patient who underwent hospitalization surgery had higher levels of IL-10. There were few differences in immune response between the two groups, potentially since a majority of the hospitalization surgery patients received propofol-based anesthesia. We hypothesize that the use of volatile anesthetic/opioid analgesia in hospitalization surgery has a greater influence on immune function in breast cancer patients than local anesthetic/propofol-based anesthesia in day surgery.

  5. Medicare inpatient and 90-day postdischarge adverse outcomes in carotid artery surgery.

    PubMed

    Fry, Donald E; Pine, Michael; Locke, David; Reband, Agnes; Torres, Zeke; Pine, Gregory

    2015-10-01

    Longitudinal, risk-adjusted measurement of outcomes of carotid artery (CA) surgery is necessary for the evaluation of quality performance and for the assessment of strategies of quality improvement. Patients from quality coding hospitals who underwent CA surgery and met procedural and diagnostic coding requirements in the Medicare Inpatient Limited Data Set from 2009 to 2011 were used to design logistic prediction models for the Adverse Outcomes (AOs) of inpatient deaths, 3-sigma prolonged length-of-stay outliers (prLOS) among live discharges, 90-day post-discharge deaths without readmission (PD-90), and 90-day post-discharge readmissions (ReAdm-90). A total of 653 quality coding hospitals had 54,183 CA surgery cases. There were 122 inpatient deaths (0.23%) and 3,337 (6.2%) prLOS. After discharge, there were 258 patients that were PD-90 and 9,804 patients (18.1 % of live discharges) were readmitted. Among all readmissions, 1,592 (13.3%) were judged to be totally unrelated to the index operation. A total of 495 patients died during readmission to the hospital. The rate of total adverse outcome was 22.6% with all ReAdm-90 cases counted. In CA surgery, more AOs occur in the 90 days after discharge than during the inpatient period of care. ReAdm-90 remains the major cause for AOs and represents the greatest opportunity for improvement in the care of CA surgery patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Day-case versus overnight stay in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Gurusamy, K S; Junnarkar, S; Farouk, M; Davidson, B R

    2008-01-23

    Although day-case elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy can save bed costs, its safety remains to be established. To assess the safety and benefits of day-case surgery compared to overnight stay in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index Expanded until February 2007 for identifying randomised trials using search strategies. Only randomised clinical trials, irrespective of language, blinding, or publication status, comparing day-case and overnight stay in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were considered for the review. We collected the data on the characteristics of the trial, methodological quality of the trials, morbidity, prolonged hospitalisation, re-admissions, pain and quality of life from each trial. We analysed the data with both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models using RevMan Analysis. For each outcome we calculated the relative risk, weighted mean difference, or standardised mean difference with 95% confidence intervals (CI) based on available case-analysis. Five trials with 429 patients randomised to the day-case group (215) and overnight stay group (214) were included in the review. Four of the five trials were of low risk of bias regarding randomisation and follow up, but all lacked blinding. The trials recruited 49% of patients undergoing cholecystectomy. The selection criteria varied, but most included only patients without other diseases. The patients were living in easy reach of the hospital and with a responsible adult to take care of them. On the day of surgery, 81% of day-case patients were discharged. The drop-out rate after randomisation varied from 6.5% to 12.7%. There was no significant difference between day-case and overnight stay group as regards to morbidity, prolongation of hospital stay, re

  7. Day-case versus overnight stay for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Junnarkar, Sameer; Farouk, Marwan; Davidson, Brian R

    2008-07-16

    Although day-case elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy can save bed costs, its safety remains to be established. To assess the safety and benefits of day-case surgery compared to overnight stay in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index Expanded until April 2008 for identifying randomised trials using search strategies. Only randomised clinical trials, irrespective of language, blinding, or publication status, comparing day-case and overnight stay in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were considered for the review. We collected the data on the characteristics of the trial, methodological quality of the trials, morbidity, prolonged hospitalisation, re-admissions, pain and quality of life from each trial. We analysed the data with both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models using RevMan Analysis. For each outcome we calculated the risk ratio, weighted mean difference, or standardised mean difference with 95% confidence intervals (CI) based on available case-analysis. Five trials with 429 patients randomised to the day-case group (215) and overnight stay group (214) were included in the review. All the trials were of high risk of bias. The trials recruited 49% of patients undergoing cholecystectomy. The selection criteria varied, but most included only patients without other diseases. The patients were living in easy reach of the hospital and with a responsible adult to take care of them. On the day of surgery, 81% of day-case patients were discharged. The drop-out rate after randomisation varied from 6.5% to 12.7%. There was no significant difference between day-case and overnight stay group as regards to morbidity, prolongation of hospital stay, re-admission rates, pain, quality of life, patient satisfaction and return to normal

  8. Day surgery: Results after restructuration of a university public general surgery unit.

    PubMed

    Gaucher, S; Cappiello, F; Bouam, S; Damardji, I; Aissat, A; Boutron, I; Béthoux, J P

    2013-06-01

    Nowadays, in France, development of the ambulatory surgery has stalled. This is probably related to the fact that ambulatory surgery is restricted by the law to the "day surgery" in 12 hours, and only 17 procedures are referenced for this surgery. Thus, conventional hospitalization remained the rule after surgery. In January 2010, our university general surgery unit was restructured. It evolved from a conventional unit to a predominantly ambulatory unit. Otherwise, our unit adjoins a hotel, even inside our institution, which accommodates patients, patient visitors and tourists. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the postoperative accommodation modalities between two groups of patients. The first group consisted of patients admitted before January 2010, at the time of conventional activity, whereas the second group consisted of patients admitted after January 2010 in a restructured unit. Inclusion of patients admitted from April 1, 2008 to March 31, 2009 (conventional hospitalization period) and from April 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011 (ambulatory management period), scheduled for one single surgical procedure excluding emergency. A total of 360 patients were retained: 229 for the conventional period and 131 for the ambulatory period, with a median age of 55 (range 15-87). No statistically significant difference was noted between the two groups as concerned median age, gender or ASA status. The number of postoperative nights varied significantly between the two groups with a mean of 3.8 nights (median three nights, range 0-32) for the conventional period versus 0.4 nights (median 0 night, range 0-10) for the ambulatory period (P<0.0001 by the unadjusted Mann-Whitney test and P<0.0001 by the Wald test [with adjustment]). Our results show that it is clearly possible to distinguish the need for care of the need for accommodation and significantly reduce postoperative conventional accommodation. They also raise the question of extending the legal period

  9. Day-case septoplasty: a default pathway or is case selection the key?

    PubMed

    Al-Hussaini, Ali; Walijee, Hussein; Khan, Anwar; Cuddihy, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Septoplasty has been identified as suitable for day surgery, but is not commonly performed as such. Guidelines for day surgery stipulate that the unexpected re-admission rate should be 2-3 %; however previous studies have not attained this target. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the surgical and patient factors associated with re-admission following day-case septoplasty. A retrospective case-notes analysis of day-case septoplasties between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012 was undertaken. Data on patient demographics, surgeon grade and operative technique were examined using a univariate analysis model. A total of 256 septoplasties were performed. 23 patients were admitted, overwhelmingly due to bleeding in the immediate post-operative period, giving an overall admission rate of 9.0 % within the first 24 h. Factors associated with re-admission included the use of intranasal splints (relative risk (RR) 5.34, p < 0.001), the performance of additional operative procedures (RR 4.96, p < 0.001) and surgery on patients with co-morbidities (RR 3.37, p = 0.002). There was no correlation between unexpected admission and patient gender, age, surgeon grade, performance of revision surgery and operative factors including nasal preparation with cocaine, local anaesthetic infiltration, type of incision, number of mucoperichondrial flaps raised, extensive bony dissection, performance of a turbinate procedure, quilting, closure of incision and post-operative packing. Day-case septoplasty in patients with co-morbidities and where additional surgical procedures are performed may be associated with unexpected overnight admission. Thus, safe and efficient day-case septoplasty may not be suitable as a universal default pathway but one where case selection is key.

  10. Early surgery within 2 days for hip fracture is not reliable as healthcare quality indicator.

    PubMed

    Lizaur-Utrilla, Alejandro; Martinez-Mendez, Daniel; Collados-Maestre, Isabel; Miralles-Muñoz, Francisco A; Marco-Gomez, Luis; Lopez-Prats, Fernando A

    2016-07-01

    To analyze prospectively the influence of the timing of surgery on morbidity and mortality, and to assess whether the early surgery within 2 days admission may be a reliably healthcare quality indicator. Prospective observational study of 628 patients age 60 or older who had been co-managed between surgeons and internists. Based on the literature, many potential factors influencing outcomes were collected to control confounding regard to surgery delay, complications and mortality. Multivariate logistic regression and Cox regression models were used to assess effects on the delay and mortality, respectively. Mean Charlson index was 2.3, and 284 patients had at least 3 comorbidities. Mean timing of surgery was 3.6 days (range 0-20). 418 patients were fit for surgery, of which 180 underwent surgery within 2 days. Delay for surgery more than 2 days was significantly associated with ASA >2, Charlson >2 and anticoagulant therapy. Medical complications were not significantly associated with delayed surgery more than 2 days. Mortality rate was 0.9% in-hospital, 3.4 at 1 month, 7.0% at 3 months, and 13.6% at 12 months. There were no significant differences in in-hospital, 3-month or 1-year mortality between patients operated within 2 days and those operated at 3-4 days, but delayed more than 4 days was associated with higher 1-year mortality. Likewise, patients readmitted within 30 days had higher in-hospital mortality. Excluding unfit for surgery patients at admission, there was no significant difference in 3-month or 1-year mortality between patients operated within 2 days and those with delayed surgery. Delaying surgery up to 4 days was not associated with higher morbidity or mortality rates. We recommend concentrating more on preoperative optimizing the condition of patient with sufficient medical treatment rather than being bound by a universal timing of surgery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Effect of day of the week on short- and long-term mortality after emergency general surgery.

    PubMed

    Gillies, M A; Lone, N I; Pearse, R M; Haddow, C; Smyth, L; Parks, R W; Walsh, T S; Harrison, E M

    2017-06-01

    The effect of day of the week on outcome after surgery is the subject of debate. The aim was to determine whether day of the week of emergency general surgery alters short- and long-term mortality. This was an observational study of all patients undergoing emergency general surgery in Scotland between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2007, followed to 2012. Multilevel logistic and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to assess the effect of day of the week of surgery on outcome after adjustment for case mix and risk factors. The primary outcome was perioperative mortality; the secondary outcome was overall survival. A total of 50 844 patients were identified, of whom 31 499 had an emergency procedure on Monday to Thursday and 19 345 on Friday to Sunday. Patients undergoing surgery at the weekend were younger (mean 45·9 versus 47·5 years; P < 0·001) and had fewer co-morbidities, but underwent riskier and/or more complex procedures (P < 0·001). Patients who had surgery at the weekend were more likely to have been operated on sooner than those who had weekday surgery (mean time from admission to operation 1·2 versus 1·6 days; P < 0·001). No difference in perioperative mortality (odds ratio 1·00, 95 per cent c.i. 0·89 to 1·13; P = 0·989) or overall survival (hazard ratio 1·01, 0·97 to 1·06; P = 0·583) was observed when surgery was performed at the weekend. There was no difference in overall survival after surgery undertaken on any particular day compared with Wednesday; a borderline reduction in perioperative mortality was seen on Tuesday. There was no difference in short- or long-term mortality following emergency general surgery at the weekend, compared with mid-week. © 2017 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Day of surgery urine cultures identify urogynecologic patients at increased risk for postoperative urinary tract infection.

    PubMed

    Fok, Cynthia S; McKinley, Kathleen; Mueller, Elizabeth R; Kenton, Kimberly; Schreckenberger, Paul; Wolfe, Alan; Brubaker, Linda

    2013-05-01

    Despite preoperative screening and treatment for urinary tract infections, a postoperative urinary tract infection develops in approximately 1 in 5 urogynecologic patients. In this study we assess the proportion of urogynecologic patients with a positive day of surgery urine culture, the clinical consequences of a positive day of surgery culture and differences in postoperative urinary tract infection risks based on day of surgery culture. After institutional review board approval, patients undergoing urogynecologic surgery at Loyola University Medical Center were recruited for the study. Catheterized urine samples were collected in the operating room before intravenous antibiotic administration. Clinical cultures were considered positive if 1,000 colonies per ml or more bacteria were found on routine culture. For analysis we matched each woman with a positive culture with 2 women with negative culture by age within 10 years and within surgical groups (ie prolapse and/or incontinence). Data were analyzed using SPSS® version 19. Nearly a tenth (9.5%) of participants had positive day of surgery cultures. The clinical and demographic characteristics were similar in women with negative vs positive day of surgery cultures. However, women with positive day of surgery cultures were more likely to experience a postoperative urinary tract infection despite standard perioperative antibiotic administration (29.6% vs 5.6%, p = 0.005, odds ratio 7.2). Regardless of day of surgery culture status no participant experienced postoperative systemic urinary complications. Nearly a tenth of urogynecologic patients had positive day of surgery cultures. Patients with a positive day of surgery culture had an increased risk (29.6%) of postoperative urinary tract infection within 6 weeks of surgery. These findings highlight an opportunity to identify and treat patients with positive day of surgery cultures and reduce the incidence of postoperative urinary tract infections. Copyright

  13. Day of surgery cancellation rates in urology: Identification of modifiable factors

    PubMed Central

    Leslie, Robert J.; Beiko, Darren; van Vlymen, Janet; Siemens, D. Robert

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Day-of-surgery cancellations have a negative effect on operating room (OR) resources, as well as on patient satisfaction and perception of quality of care. Given increasing wait times in a universal healthcare system and the nature of urological surgery in our aging population, it should be a priority to identify modifiable risks of OR cancellations to assure timely and efficient delivery of care. We explore the rate and reasons for elective surgery cancellations in a Canadian urological practice. Methods: We evaluated the rate and reason of urological surgery cancellation at a single academic institution, prospectively collected in our centre’s Operating Room Scheduling Office System (ORSOS) database. Documented reasons for cancellations were divided into 3 components: (1) structural factors (e.g., no hospital bed); (2) patient factors (e.g., patient unwell); and (3) process factors (e.g., scheduling error). Rates and reasons for cancellations were compared to those of General Surgery and Gynecology. The documented reasons for cancellation in the ORSOS database were confirmed or extended by chart review and interviews with a subset of cancelled patients. Results: Between 2005 and 2009, 1544 out of 19 141 (8.07 %) elective surgical cases were cancelled within the three surgical specialties (general surgery, gynecology and urology); urology had the highest average rate of 9.53%. Non-oncological cases represented a higher percentage of cancelled cases (15%, p < 0.001) and overall rates varied significantly over time in urology compared to the other surgical specialties. Potentially modifiable, process-related causes were by far the most common reason for cancellation (58.5%) and “standby” cases were a common cause of overall cancellation rates. Patient interviews confirmed the emotional and financial impact of cancellation; there was no overwhelming concern that clinical outcomes were negatively affected. Conclusions: This contemporary exploration of

  14. Day care versus in-patient surgery for age-related cataract.

    PubMed

    Lawrence, David; Fedorowicz, Zbys; van Zuuren, Esther J

    2015-11-02

    Age-related cataract accounts for more than 40% of cases of blindness in the world with the majority of people who are blind from cataract living in lower income countries. With the increased number of people with cataract, it is important to review the evidence on the effectiveness of day care cataract surgery. To provide authoritative, reliable evidence regarding the safety, feasibility, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of day case cataract extraction by comparing clinical outcomes, cost-effectiveness, patient satisfaction or a combination of these in cataract operations performed in day care versus in-patient units. We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register) (2015, Issue 7), Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE Daily, Ovid OLDMEDLINE (January 1946 to August 2015), EMBASE (January 1980 to August 2015), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature Database (LILACS) (January 1982 to August 2015), the ISRCTN registry (www.isrctn.com/editAdvancedSearch), ClinicalTrials.gov (www.clinicaltrials.gov) and the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) (www.who.int/ictrp/search/en). We did not use any date or language restrictions in the electronic searches for trials. We last searched the electronic databases on 17 August 2015. We included randomised controlled trials comparing day care and in-patient surgery for age-related cataract. The primary outcome was the achievement of a satisfactory visual acuity six weeks after the operation. Two review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. We contacted study authors for additional information. We collected adverse effects information from the trials. We included two trials. One study was conducted in the USA in 1981 (250 people randomised and completed trial) and one study conducted in Spain in 2001 (1034 randomised, 935 completed trial). Both trials

  15. The Seattle spine score: Predicting 30-day complication risk in adult spinal deformity surgery.

    PubMed

    Buchlak, Quinlan D; Yanamadala, Vijay; Leveque, Jean-Christophe; Edwards, Alicia; Nold, Kellen; Sethi, Rajiv

    2017-09-01

    Complication rates in complex spine surgery range from 25% to 80% in published studies. Numerous studies have shown that surgeons are not able to accurately predict whether patients are likely to face post-operative complications, in part due to biases based on individual experience. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a predictive risk model and decision support system that could accurately predict the likelihood of 30-day postoperative complications in complex spine surgery based on routinely measured preoperative variables. Preoperative and postoperative data were collected for 136 patients by reviewing medical records. Logistic regression analysis (LRA) was applied to develop the predictive algorithm based on patient demographic parameters, including age, gender, and co-morbidities, including obesity, diabetes, hypertension and anemia. We additionally compared the performance of the predictive model to a spine surgeon's ability to predict patient complications using signal detection theory statistics representing sensitivity and response bias (A' and B″ respectively). We developed a decision support system tool, based on the LRA predictive algorithm, that was able to provide a numeric probabilistic likelihood statistic representing an individual patient's risk of developing a complication within the first 30days after surgery. The predictive model was significant (χ(2)=16.242, p<0.05), showed good fit, and was calibrated by using area under the receiver operating characteristics curve analysis (AUROC=0.712, p<0.01). The model yielded a predictive accuracy of 75.0%. It was validated by splitting the data set, comparing subset models, and testing them with unknown data. Validation also involved comparing the classification of cases by experts with the classification of cases by the model. The model significantly improved the classification accuracy of physicians involved in the delivery of complex spine surgical care. The application of

  16. Parental Satisfaction with Pediatric Day-Care Surgery and its Determinants in a Tertiary Care Hospital.

    PubMed

    Sam, Cenita James; Arunachalam, Pavai A; Manivasagan, Sivamani; Surya, T

    2017-01-01

    The objective is to assess the level of parental satisfaction of pediatric day-care surgery and its different determinants. This is a descriptive study performed in a tertiary care hospital in India among parents of pediatric day-care surgery patients from June 2013 to March 2015. The core questionnaire for the assessment of patient satisfaction for general day care (COPS-D) was used. Variables related to surgery, overall satisfaction, one open-ended question, and socio-demographic data were also collected. Calculated sample size was 121. The mean and standard deviation of parental satisfaction were estimated in eight domains of day care (COPS-D) using Likert scale 1-5. Preadmission visit had a mean of 4.63 (0.52), day of surgery 4.65 (0.58), operating room 4.76 (0.51), nursing care 4.46 (0.79), medical care 4.89 (0.48), information 4.51 (0.68), autonomy 4.64 (0.56), and discharge 4.50 (0.72). In elder children, there was less satisfaction on the information and discharge domains. Overall satisfaction was good in 88% of patients and was less than satisfactory when they had significant pain. Perception of quality of pediatric day-care surgery was assessed with a questionnaire and was found to be good. Variables related to surgery such as pain may be included in the questionnaire for assessing satisfaction in the day-care surgery.

  17. Day care cataract surgery in Central and Southern Italy: a multicentric survey

    PubMed Central

    Cillino, Salvatore; Casuccio, Alessandra; Di Pace, Francesco; Pillitteri, Francesco; Cillino, Giovanni; Lodato, Gaetano

    2007-01-01

    Background Cataract day surgery has rapidly gained worldwide acceptance, because the new surgical techniques and costs are generally lower than those involved in ordinary hospitalization. Cataract surgery serves as a proxy indicator of the trend towards day surgery hospitalization in Italy and, therefore, of regional variability in health-care delivery and cost. The aim of this study was to update the diffusion of cataract day surgery through various surgical ophthalmological centers in central and southern Italy during 2005. Methods A two-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to draw a sample of Cataract Surgery Unit from Ophthalmic Units of central and southern Italy. A questionnaire was sent to 25 cataract surgery centers in nine health districts that represented the range of establishments (public, private, accredited or otherwise) in which cataract surgery is performed. Data were collected on numbers of procedures performed in 2005, hospital admission type, time from the onset of cataract day surgery, surgical procedure, and presence of other surgical centers. Results The response rate was 42% (10 surveys), resulting in at least one completed questionnaire for each of these 9 districts. There is a positive trend towards day surgery hospitalization in all surgical centers. The percentage of patients treated as outpatients during 2005 varied from 50–60% (Avellino, Naples, Campobasso), to 80–90% (Rome, Bari), up to 90–100% (Catania, Palermo, Siracusa and Trapani), with an increasing trend in all the centers studied. Few differences were found in surgical procedures, and these were statistically insignificant. Conclusion Our results confirm a positive trend towards day surgery in place of hospital inpatient admission for cataract surgery. This trend is expected to close the existing regional gap in Italy. Increased efficiency is an overriding need for the National Health Service in order to improve the rationalization of resources. PMID:17270040

  18. Postoperative Pain, an Unmet Problem in Day or Overnight Italian Surgery Patients: A Prospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Antonielli D'Oulx, Maria Delfina; Paradiso, Rosetta; Perretta, Laura; Dimonte, Valerio

    2016-01-01

    Background. Because of economic reasons, day surgery rates have steadily increased in many countries and the trend is to perform around 70% of all surgical procedures as day surgery. Literature shows that postoperative pain treatment remains unfulfilled in several fields such as orthopedic and general surgery patients. In Italy, the day surgery program is not yet under governmental authority and is managed regionally by local practices. Aim. To investigate the trends in pain intensity and its relation to type of surgeries and pain therapy protocols, in postoperative patients, discharged from three different Ambulatory Surgeries located in North West Italy (Piedmont region). Method. The present study enrolled 276 patients who undergone different surgical procedures in ambulatory regimen. Patients recorded postoperative pain score twice a day, compliance with prescribed drugs, and pain related reasons for contacting the hospital. Monitoring lasted for 7 days. Results. At discharge, 72% of patients were under weak opioids, 12% interrupted the treatment due to side effects, 17% of patients required extra drugs, and 15% contacted the hospital reporting pain problems. About 50% of patients experienced moderate pain during the first day after surgery. Results from our study show that most of the patients experienced avoidable pain after discharge. PMID:28115878

  19. Postoperative Pain, an Unmet Problem in Day or Overnight Italian Surgery Patients: A Prospective Study.

    PubMed

    Campagna, Sara; Antonielli D'Oulx, Maria Delfina; Paradiso, Rosetta; Perretta, Laura; Re Viglietti, Silvia; Berchialla, Paola; Dimonte, Valerio

    2016-01-01

    Background. Because of economic reasons, day surgery rates have steadily increased in many countries and the trend is to perform around 70% of all surgical procedures as day surgery. Literature shows that postoperative pain treatment remains unfulfilled in several fields such as orthopedic and general surgery patients. In Italy, the day surgery program is not yet under governmental authority and is managed regionally by local practices. Aim. To investigate the trends in pain intensity and its relation to type of surgeries and pain therapy protocols, in postoperative patients, discharged from three different Ambulatory Surgeries located in North West Italy (Piedmont region). Method. The present study enrolled 276 patients who undergone different surgical procedures in ambulatory regimen. Patients recorded postoperative pain score twice a day, compliance with prescribed drugs, and pain related reasons for contacting the hospital. Monitoring lasted for 7 days. Results. At discharge, 72% of patients were under weak opioids, 12% interrupted the treatment due to side effects, 17% of patients required extra drugs, and 15% contacted the hospital reporting pain problems. About 50% of patients experienced moderate pain during the first day after surgery. Results from our study show that most of the patients experienced avoidable pain after discharge.

  20. [Weak evidence for the use of graduated elastic compression stockings by laparoscopic day surgery].

    PubMed

    Reza, Joan Anwar; Gögenur, Ismail; Rasmussen, Hans Morten Schnack

    2016-03-07

    Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are well-known complications after surgery. Despite the widespread use of graduated elastic compression stockings as a mechanical prophylaxis method against thromboembolic complications, data supporting their use for patients under-going laparoscopic surgery for benign conditions are sparse. In this paper, we address the evidence for the effectiveness of the stockings as a method of prophylaxis in laparoscopic day surgery.

  1. A nested case–control study to determine the incidence and factors associated with unanticipated admissions following day care surgery

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Madhurita; Ponniah, Manickam; Jacob, KS

    2016-01-01

    Background and Aims: Day care surgery offers respite from hospitalisation for specific surgical procedures and has many advantages. However, occasionally patients who undergo such surgery require hospitalisation for unanticipated complications. We aimed to determine their incidence and to identify factors associated with unanticipated admissions in a tertiary care hospital in South India. Methods: During the 3-month study, 63 cases requiring admission and 126 randomly selected controls were taken from the 776 procedures that were performed were compared. The variables studied were patients’ demographic characteristics, pre-operative medical illness, personal habits, American Society of Anesthesiologists status, the diagnosis and surgical procedures, time since last meal, duration of anaesthesia and surgery, experience of the surgeon and anaesthetist, and intraoperative management (techniques, drugs, monitoring, etc.). Univariate and bivariate statistics were used to determine factors associated with unanticipated admissions. Results: The incidence of unanticipated admissions following day care surgery was 8.11%. The reasons for admission were anaesthetic (33.33%), surgical (15.87%), medical (6.34%) and social (44.44%). The factors significantly associated with unanticipated admissions included duration of anaesthesia more than 50 min (odds ratio [OR]: 3.179; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.503–6.722), and starting the last case after 3 pm (OR: 10.095; 95% CI: 2.418–42.148). Conclusion: Unanticipated admissions following day care surgery occur mainly due to anaesthetic, surgical, medical and social reasons. PMID:27942057

  2. The use of local area networks in the day surgery department.

    PubMed

    Meikle, S M; Dresen, S D

    1994-08-01

    As patient care moves from inpatient to outpatient status, there is an increased demand for specially developed software applications in the Day Surgery Department. Although a stand-alone computer initially could handle routine tasks performed by surgical staff, it is becoming increasingly apparent that a need exists for a more inclusive system that can manage the vast amounts of information necessary for effective resource management in today's Day Surgery Department environment. Local area networks (LANs) provide the necessary flexibility, expandability, and usability requisite of such a system. This article will discuss the benefits of using LANs in the Day Surgery Department. Specifically, an operating room scheduling and resource management software program is used to illustrate the advantages of LANs in the Day Surgery Department.

  3. Follow-Up After Cardiac Surgery Should be Extended to at Least 120 Days When Benchmarking Cardiac Surgery Centers.

    PubMed

    Hansen, Laura S; Sloth, Erik; Hjortdal, Vibeke E; Jakobsen, Carl-Johan

    2015-08-01

    Short-term (30 days) mortality frequently is used as an outcome measure after cardiac surgery, although it has been proposed that the follow-up period should be extended to 120 days to allow for more accurate benchmarking. The authors aimed to evaluate whether mortality rates 120 days after surgery were comparable to general mortality and to compare causes of death between the cohort and the general population. A multicenter descriptive cohort study using prospectively entered registry data. University hospital. The cohort was obtained from the Western Denmark Heart Registry and matched to the Danish National Hospital Register as well as the Danish Register of Causes of Death. A weighted, age-matched general population consisting of all Danish patients who died within the study period was identified through the central authority on Danish statistics. A total of 11,988 patients (>15 years) who underwent cardiac-surgery at Aarhus, Aalborg and Odense University Hospitals from April 1, 2006 to December 31, 2012 were included. Coronary artery bypass grafting, valve surgery and combinations. Mortality after cardiac surgery matches with mortality in the general population after 140 days. Mortality curves run almost parallel from this point onwards, regardless of The European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation (EuroSCORE) and intervention. The causes of death in the cohort differed statistically significantly from the background population (p<0.0001; one-sample t-test) throughout the first postoperative year. The leading cause of death in the cohort was cardiac (38%); 53% of which was categorized as heart failure. A total of 54% of these patients were assessed preoperatively as having normal or mildly impaired heart function (EuroSCORE). This study supported an extended follow-up period after cardiac surgery when benchmarking cardiac surgery centers. Regardless of preoperative heart function, heart failure was the consistent leading cause of death. Copyright

  4. Day surgery versus overnight stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Tang, Huairong; Dong, Aihua; Yan, Lunan

    2015-07-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomies are being increasingly performed as a day surgery procedure. To systematically assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a day surgery procedure compared to overnight stay. Randomized controlled trials and clinical controlled trials involving day surgery laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in a systematic literature search. Two authors independently assessed the studies for inclusion and extracted the data. A meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the safety and feasibility of day surgery compared to overnight stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Twelve studies were selected for our meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups on morbidity (P=0.65). The mean in-hospital admission and readmission rates were 13.1% and 2.4% in the day surgery group, respectively. The two groups had similar prolonged hospitalization (P=0.27), readmission rate (P=0.58) and consultation rate (P=0.73). In addition, there was no significant difference in the visual analogue scale score, postoperative nausea and vomiting scale, time to return to activity and work between the two groups (P>0.05). Currently available evidence demonstrates that laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in selected patients as a day surgery procedure, though further studies are needed. Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Day-care versus inpatient pediatric surgery: a comparison of costs incurred by parents.

    PubMed Central

    Stanwick, R S; Horne, J M; Peabody, D M; Postuma, R

    1987-01-01

    The cost-effectiveness for parents of day-care pediatric surgery was assessed by comparing time and financial costs associated with two surgical procedures, one (squint repair) performed exclusively as a day-care procedure, the other (adenoidectomy) performed exclusively as an inpatient procedure. All but 1 of 165 eligible families participated. The children underwent surgery between February and July 1981. The day-care surgery group (59 families) incurred average total time costs of 16.1 hours, compared with 37.1 hours for the inpatient surgery group (105 families), as parents in the latter group remained with their child during the longer hospital stay. Parents from out of town incurred the greater time and financial costs. In both groups parents of younger children tended to spend more time at the hospital than parents of older children. Type of surgical management was not a significant factor in out-of-pocket expenses. Loss of income was associated with employment of the mother as a professional or a manager and may reflect inequalities in access to compassionate leave between men and women in equivalent positions. Opening day-care surgery facilities on weekends might reduce the financial burden on working mothers. Overall, day-care surgery was found to be cost-effective for families. PMID:3594330

  6. General anaesthesia and day-case patient anxiety.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Mark

    2010-05-01

    This paper is a report of a study carried out to uncover the most anxiety-provoking aspects of general anaesthesia and determine what interventions may help to alleviate such anxiety. General anaesthesia has proved to be highly anxiety-provoking. With the rise in elective day surgery, this aspect of patients' experience has become a prominent issue. Indeed, with brief hospital stays, limited contact with healthcare professionals, restricted formal anxiety management and the acute psychological impact of day surgery, such anxiety may be increasing. As part of a larger study, a questionnaire was given on the day of surgery to 1250 adult patients undergoing surgery with general anaesthesia over a two year period from 2005-2007. The issue examined was anxiety in relation to the environment, hospital personnel and general anaesthesia. Participants were requested to return the questionnaire by mail 24-48 hours following surgery, and 460 completed questionnaires were returned. A total of 85% of respondents experienced some anxiety on the day of surgery. Immediate preoperative experiences and concerns about unconsciousness were highly anxiety-provoking. Using factor analysis Preoperative Anaesthetic Information, Anaesthetic Catastrophising, Final Support, Personal Support, Imminence of Surgery, Possible Adverse Events and Final Preoperative Experiences were identified as central features. Multiple regression demonstrated Preoperative Anaesthetic Information, Anaesthetic Catastrophising and Imminence of Surgery were statistically significantly associated with an overall increased level of anxiety. Focusing on the timely, formal delivery of information about anaesthesia management, emphasizing the notion of 'controlled unconsciousness' and dispelling misconceptions associated with general anaesthesia may help to limit patient anxiety.

  7. Association between day of the week of elective surgery and postoperative mortality

    PubMed Central

    Dubois, Luc; Vogt, Kelly; Vinden, Chris; Winick-Ng, Jennifer; McClure, J. Andrew; Roshanov, Pavel S.; Bell, Chaim M.; Garg, Amit X.

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In prior studies, higher mortality was observed among patients who had elective surgery on a Friday rather than earlier in the week. We investigated whether mortality after elective surgery was associated with day of the week of surgery in a Canadian population and whether the association was influenced by surgeon experience and volume. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study in the province of Ontario, Canada. We included adults who underwent 1 of 12 elective daytime surgical procedures from Apr. 1, 2002, to Dec. 31, 2012. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. We used generalized estimating equations to compare outcomes for surgeries performed on different days of the week, adjusting for patient and surgeon factors. RESULTS: A total of 402 899 procedures performed by 1691 surgeons met our inclusion criteria. The median length of hospital stay was 6 (interquartile range 5–8) days. Surgeon experience varied significantly by day of week (p < 0.001), with surgeons operating on Fridays having the least experience. Nearly all of the patients who had their procedure on a Friday had postoperative care on the weekend, as compared with 49.1% of those whose surgery was on a Monday (p < 0.001). We found no difference in the 30-day mortality between procedures performed on Fridays and those performed on Mondays (adjusted odds ratio 1.08, 95% confidence interval 0.97–1.21). INTERPRETATION: Although surgeon experience differed across days of the week, the risk of 30-day mortality after elective surgery was similar regardless of which day of the week the procedure took place. PMID:27754897

  8. Reasons for delayed patient discharge following day surgery: a literature review.

    PubMed

    Rae, Alison

    2016-11-09

    Aim The aim of this literature review was to explore the reasons why some patients are not suitable for discharge following day surgery. Method A pragmatic, mixed-methods approach was used to undertake a critical evaluation of the literature and current practice to determine what is already known about discharge following day surgery. Thematic analysis was used to identify the main themes and issues, enabling recommendations to be made to reduce the incidence of patients unable to be discharged following day surgery. Findings The main themes or reasons for delayed discharge following day surgery identified from the literature review were: post-operative nausea and vomiting, post-operative pain, going late to theatre and social factors. These themes were supported by the findings of an unpublished audit carried out in one day surgery unit in an NHS healthcare organisation in the south of England between June and August 2014, which indicated that 54 out of 1,180 day surgery patients required an overnight stay during this 12-week period. The audit also showed that a patient going late to theatre had the greatest effect on discharge outcomes. Conclusion Recommendations for practice include: the introduction of post-operative nausea and vomiting risk scoring and prophylactic protocols; reorganisation of theatre lists to ensure patients have enough time to recover; and provision of information during the pre-assessment process about the requirement for a responsible adult escort to take patients home and stay with them for the first 24 hours. These changes may help NHS organisations to improve discharge outcomes for day surgery patients and reduce unplanned costs.

  9. Cancellation of elective operations on the day of intended surgery in a Hong Kong hospital: point prevalence and reasons.

    PubMed

    Chiu, C H; Lee, Anna; Chui, P T

    2012-02-01

    To determine the point prevalence of elective surgical case cancellations and the reasons. Cross-sectional study. Teaching hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS; Operating theatre records of elective surgery cancellations from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Cancellation of scheduled elective surgery on the day of surgery and the corresponding reasons. Of 6234 cases scheduled, 476 were cancelled, which yielded a point prevalence of 7.6%, with a 95% confidence interval of 7.0-8.3%. The highest number of cancellations occurred in patients scheduled for major general surgical procedures (n=94, 20%), major urological procedures (n=64, 13%), major orthopaedic surgery (n=38, 8%), and ultra-major cardiothoracic surgery (n=29, 6%). The most common category for cancellation was facility (73%), followed by work-up (17%), patient (10%), and surgeon (1%). No available operating room time due to overrun of the previous surgery was the most common reason for case cancellation (n=310). Compared to general surgery, the odds of no available operating time was significantly less in orthopaedics (odds ratio=0.26; 95% confidence interval, 0.17-0.39), otolaryngology (0.25; 0.13-0.46), neurosurgery (0.36; 0.16-0.70), paediatrics (0.53; 0.31-0.87), gynaecology (0.18; 0.11-0.29), ophthalmology (0.19; 0.07-0.41), and dentistry (0.10; 0.00-0.60). CONCLUSIONS. Case cancellations were mainly due to facility factors, such as no operating room time being available. The odds of having no operating room time available varied between surgical specialties.

  10. The efficacy of intravenous paracetamol versus dipyrone for postoperative analgesia after day-case lower abdominal surgery in children with spinal anesthesia: a prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background A multimodal and preventative approach to providing postoperative analgesia is becoming increasingly popular for children and adults, with the aim of reducing reliance on opioids. We conducted a prospective, randomized double-blind study to compare the analgesic efficacy of intravenous paracetamol and dipyrone in the early postoperative period in school-age children undergoing lower abdominal surgery with spinal anesthesia. Methods Sixty children scheduled for elective lower abdominal surgery under spinal anesthesia were randomized to receive either intravenous paracetamol 15 mg/kg, dipyrone 15 mg/kg or isotonic saline. The primary outcome measure was pain at rest, assessed by means of a visual analog scale 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h and 6 h after surgery. If needed, pethidine 0.25 mg/kg was used as the rescue analgesic. Time to first administration of rescue analgesic, cumulative pethidine requirements, adverse effects and complications were also recorded. Results There were no significant differences in age, sex, weight, height or duration of surgery between the groups. Pain scores were significantly lower in the paracetamol group at 1 h (P = 0.030) and dipyrone group at 2 h (P = 0.010) when compared with placebo. The proportion of patients requiring rescue analgesia was significantly lower in the paracetamol and dipyrone groups than the placebo group (vs. paracetamol P = 0.037; vs. dipyrone P = 0.020). Time to first analgesic requirement appeared shorter in the placebo group but this difference was not statistically significant, nor were there significant differences in pethidine requirements, adverse effects or complications. Conclusion After lower abdominal surgery conducted under spinal anesthesia in children, intravenous paracetamol appears to have similar analgesic properties to intravenous dipyrone, suggesting that it can be used as an alternative in the early postoperative period. Trial registration Clinical Trials

  11. Same Day Surgery at the 121st General Hospital Seoul, South Korea

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    Therapy Clinic Optometry Clinic Pharmacy Services Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic Physical Therapy Clinic Orthopedic Clinic Pre-Admission Unit...most conducive to BAMC’s current operating environment; and seventh, recommend a location for the physical layout of the same-day surgery areas at... physical and financial constraints of the 12 1st GH over a several year period, hospital-based integrated SDS has developed minus the correct coding of

  12. Randomized clinical trial examining the effect of music therapy in stress response to day surgery.

    PubMed

    Leardi, S; Pietroletti, R; Angeloni, G; Necozione, S; Ranalletta, G; Del Gusto, B

    2007-08-01

    Music therapy could reduce stress and the stress response. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of music therapy in alleviating stress during day surgery. Sixty patients undergoing day surgery were randomized to one of three groups, each containing 20 patients. Before and during surgery, patients in group 1 listened to new age music and those in group 2 listened to a choice of music from one of four styles. Patients in group 3 (control group) heard the normal sounds of the operating theatre. Plasma levels of cortisol and subpopulations of lymphocytes were evaluated before, during and after operation. Plasma cortisol levels decreased during operation in both groups of patients who listened to music, but increased in the control group. Postoperative cortisol levels were significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 (mean(s.d.) 14.21(6.96) versus 8.63(2.72) ng/dl respectively; P < 0.050). Levels of natural killer lymphocytes decreased during surgery in groups 1 and 2, but increased in controls. Intraoperative levels of natural killer cells were significantly lower in group 1 than in group 3 (mean(s.d.) 212.2(89.3) versus 329.1(167.8) cells/microl; P < 0.050). Perioperative music therapy changed the neurohormonal and immune stress response to day surgery, especially when the type of music was selected by the patient. Copyright (c) 2007 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd.

  13. Visual loss after spine surgery: Case report.

    PubMed

    Cobar-Bustamante, Andrés E; Cahueque, Mario A; Caldera, Gustavo

    2016-12-01

    The presence of postoperative visual loss is a well-known complication, and described in various reports, its low incidence (0.028-0.2%) makes it extremely rare. Two main causes have been determined: Posterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy and central Retinal Artery Oclusion. The following is a case report of a 52-year-old patient that presented visual loss after elective spine surgery that had no complications that could initially explain this complication. Studies were performed and evaluations by ophthalmologists determined that the cause of Posterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy due to multiple risk factors that the patient had previously and during the surgery. After 3 year follow-up the patient still has total visual loss and no other complications were reported.

  14. Fatal hemorrhage from AVM after DBS surgery: case report.

    PubMed

    Fukaya, Chikashi; Shimoda, Kentaro; Watanabe, Mitsuru; Morishita, Takashi; Sumi, Koichiro; Otaka, Toshiharu; Obuchi, Toshiki; Toshikazu, Kano; Kobayashi, Kazutaka; Oshima, Hideki; Yamamoto, Takamitsu; Katayama, Yoichi

    2013-01-01

    Intracranial hemorrhage is a crucial complication of deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. The bleeding caused by mechanical tissue injury due to microelectrode and/or DBS electrode lead insertion has been well studied. However, hemorrhage caused by a congenital underlying disease such as vascular malformation has not been examined carefully. We encountered a case of intracerebral hemorrhage from arteriovenous malformation (AVM) after DBS surgery. Preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging did not show any abnormality in the patient. Computed tomography (CT) images taken immediately after the surgery did not show any intracranial hematoma and other abnormal findings. However, the patient did not recover from the general anesthesia, and hemorrhage in the left occipital lobe was detected by CT performed a day after the surgery. The location of the hematoma was markedly distant from the trajectory of DBS leads. Evacuation of the hematoma under general anesthesia was immediately performed. As an intraoperative finding, we noted the presence of abnormal vessels inside the hematoma in the occipital lobe. Tissue specimens including the abnormal vessels were obtained for histopathological analysis, results of which led to the diagnosis was AVM. Despite its low incidence, we would like to advise that such a type of hemorrhage could occur and measures should be taken to prevent its occurrence as much as possible. Preoperative detection of abnormal vessels by MR angiography and/or CT angiography might be helpful. Moreover, paying close attention to the possible leakage of cerebrospinal fluid during surgery might be important. © 2012 International Neuromodulation Society.

  15. Thirty-Day Postoperative Mortality Risk Estimates and 1-Year Survival in Veterans Health Administration Surgery Patients.

    PubMed

    Smith, Tracy; Li, Xinli; Nylander, William; Gunnar, William

    2016-05-01

    For more than 2 decades, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has relied on risk-adjusted, postoperative, 30-day mortality data as a measure of surgical quality of care. Recently, the use of 30-day mortality data has been criticized based on a theory that health care professionals manage patient care to meet the metric and that other outcome metrics are available. To determine whether postoperative mortality data identify a delay in care to meet a 30-day mortality metric and to evaluate whether 30-day mortality risk score groups stratify survival patterns up to 365 days after surgery in surgical procedures assessed by the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP). Patients undergoing VASQIP-assessed surgical procedures within the VHA from October 1, 2011, to September 30, 2013, were evaluated. Data on 365-day survival follow-up of 212 733 surgical cases using VHA Vital Status and admission records were obtained with 10 947 mortality events. Data analysis was conducted from September 3, 2014, to November 9, 2015. Survival up to 365 days after surgery for the overall cohort divided into 10 equal groups (deciles). There were 10 947 mortality events identified in a cohort of 212 733 surgical patients. The mean probability of death was 1.03% (95% CI, 1.01%-1.04%). Risk estimate groups in the 212 733 surgical cases analyzed showed significantly different postoperative survival, with consistency beyond the time frame for which they were developed. The lowest risk decile had the highest 365-day survival probability (99.74%; 95% CI, 99.66%-99.80%); the highest risk decile had the lowest 365-day survival probability (72.04%; 95% CI, 71.43%-72.64%). The 9 lowest risk deciles had linear survival curves from 0 to 365 postoperative days, with the highest risk decile having early survival risk and becoming more linear after the first 180 days. Survival curves between 25 and 35 days were consistent for all risk deciles and showed no evidence that

  16. Day-case adenotonsillectomy for sleep apnoea in children?

    PubMed

    Gan, Richard Wei Chern; Kamani, Tawakir; Wilkinson, Sophie; Thomas, David; Marshall, Andrew H; Sudarshan, Purushothaman; Daniel, Matija

    2015-12-01

    Many clinicians are concerned about possible airway or respiratory complications following adenotonsillectomy for sleep related breathing disorder (SRBD), and routinely admit such patients for overnight monitoring. However, published guidelines suggest this is unnecessary in some cases. This study firstly aimed to establish current UK practice, and secondly to investigate whether children with mild/moderate SRBD experience respiratory problems during the first post-operative night. To establish current UK practice, we carried out a telephone survey asking if the procedure was carried out as a day-case, and admission criteria. For the second aim, a prospective study of children admitted following adenotonsillectomy for mild/moderate SRBD was carried out to investigate occurrence of respiratory complications on first post-operative night. Forty-two UK ENT doctors responded to the telephone survey, 50% routinely admitted patients having adenotonsillectomy for SRBD. Discharge criteria included stable observations and eating and drinking (14 hospitals), no bleeding (1), stable oxygen saturations (1) and age above 5 years (1); four had no specific criteria. Of 51 children admitted following adenotonsillectomy for mild/moderate SRBD, 11 (21.6%) experienced oxygen desaturations overnight. Of these, nine were under 4 years old, and two older children had asthma. Irrespective of comorbidities, 9/27 (33.2%) children under 4 years old experienced desaturations. The only children aged more than 4 years that had desaturations were ones that had additional comorbidities. Half of surveyed doctors admit all children following surgery for SRBD. The number of admissions could be reduced, because same-day discharge for otherwise-healthy children over 4 years old having adenotonsillectomy for mild/moderate SRBD appears to be safe. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. A model humanitarian cleft mission: 312 cleft surgeries in 7 days.

    PubMed

    Fayyaz, Ghulam Qadir; Gill, Nauman Ahmad; Ishaq, Irfan; Ganatra, Muhammad Ashraf; Mahmood, Farrakh; Kashif, Muhammad; Alam, Iftikhar; Chen, Philip Kuo-Ting; Lo, Lun-Jou; Laub, Donald Rudolph

    2015-03-01

    There are many countries in the world where patients with cleft lip and palate cannot get access to specialized cleft care units. Cleft missions play an important role in providing surgical care to the areas of the world with limited resources. This article presents a model of cleft missions that can be adopted in many countries where expertise is available but resources are limited. Through proper utilization of local human resource, this type of mission can be a cost-effective and robust way of treating patients with cleft in countries with approximately 52% of the world's population. We present a case series of patients of one of our cleft missions carried out in Khairpur, Pakistan, in March 2014 over a period of 7 days. Specific details concerning the organization of mission, gathering of patients, preparation for surgery, and carrying out surgical procedures in a safe and swift manner are presented. A total of 312 patients were operated on in 7 days. There were 145 patients with cleft lip and 167 patients with cleft palate. There were 187 male and 125 female patients with mean age of 7 years. Contemporary operative techniques were utilized to repair different types of cleft lip and palate. Of 167 patients, only 16 developed fistula. A locoregional cleft team can be more effective to care for the patients with cleft in countries where surgical and other expertise can be utilized by proper organization of cleft missions on a national level.

  18. Modifying and increasing day-case procedures to solve local problems: Experience of a urology unit

    PubMed Central

    Okorie, Chukwudi O.; Pisters, Louis L.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Surgical ward congestion continues to be a problem across rural Africa. Day-case surgery has helped minimize this problem in most developed countries but remains underdeveloped across Africa. The objective of this study was to carefully expand day-case services within the framework of already existing hospital infrastructure. Materials and Methods: Seventy-one consecutive patients out of 149 mostly urologic patients that met the study criteria were treated and followed up on a daycase basis over a 15-month period. In the absence of a day surgery unit, these patients were prioritized and operated on urologic theater days while adequately utilizing the equipped preoperative holding area for patient recovery. Patients were all nonemergent, of American Society of Anesthesiologists’ physical status (ASA-PS) classes 1 and 11 and accepting to undergo day-case procedure among other selection criteria. The main outcome measures were to determine the percentage reduction in admission rate and encountered complications. Results: Forty-nine (69%) of these 71 patients were treated using local anesthesia. The day-case surgery rate for the urology service was increased to 47.65% from a previous rate of 21.6%. Six patients (8.4%) felt that their postoperative pain was more significant than they had anticipated. Postoperative nausea and vomiting occurred in two patients (2.8%). There was one case of scrotal hematoma that resolved on observation. There was no mortality. Conclusions: In the absence of a dedicated day-case service, individual specialists should develop or increase safe lists of cases in their respective fields that can be done on a day-case basis in order to reduce demand for in-patient beds. PMID:23271841

  19. Hospital-Based Acute Care Within 7 Days of Discharge After Outpatient Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jiabin; Flynn, David N; Liu, Wai-Man; Fleisher, Lee A; Elkassabany, Nabil M

    2017-06-16

    The rate of hospital-based acute care (defined as hospital transfer at discharge, emergency department [ED] visit, or subsequent inpatient hospital [IP] admission) after outpatient procedure is gaining momentum as a quality metric for ambulatory surgery. However, the incidence and reasons for hospital-based acute care after arthroscopic shoulder surgery are poorly understood. We studied adult patients who underwent outpatient arthroscopic shoulder procedures in New York State between 2011 and 2013 using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database. ER visits and IP admissions within 7 days of surgery were identified by cross-matching 2 independent Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project databases. The final cohort included 103,476 subjects. We identified 1867 (1.80%, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.72%-1.89%) events, and the majority of these encounters were ER visits (1643, or 1.59%, 95% CI, 1.51%-1.66%). Direct IP admission after discharged was uncommon (224, or 0.22%, 95% CI, 0.19%-0.24%). The most common reasons for seeking acute care were musculoskeletal pain (23.78% of all events). Nearly half of all events (43.49%) occurred on the day of surgery or on postoperative day 1. Operative time exceeding 2 hours was associated with higher odds of requiring acute care (odds ratio [OR], 1.28; 99% CI, 1.08-1.51). High-volume surgical centers (OR, 0.67; 99% CI, 0.58-0.78) and regional anesthesia (OR, 0.72; 99% CI, 0.56-0.92) were associated with lower odds of requiring acute care. The rate of hospital-based acute care after outpatient shoulder arthroscopy was low (1.80%). Complications driving acute care visits often occurred within 1 day of surgery. Many of the events were likely related to surgery and anesthesia (eg, inadequate analgesia), suggesting that anesthesiologists may play a central role in preventing acute care visits after surgery.

  20. Pharyngoesophageal perforation 3 years after anterior cervical spine surgery: a rare case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Yin, Dan-Hui; Yang, Xin-Ming; Huang, Qi; Yang, Mi; Tang, Qin-Lai; Wang, Shu-Hui; Wang, Shuang; Liu, Jia-Jia; Yang, Tao; Li, Shi-Sheng

    2015-08-01

    Pharyngoesophageal perforation after anterior cervical spine surgery is rare and the delayed cases were more rarely reported but potentially life-threatening. We report a case of pharyngoesophageal perforation 3 years after anterior cervical spine surgery. The patient presented with dysphagia, fever, left cervical mass and developing dyspnea 3 years after cervical spine surgery for trauma. After careful examinations, he underwent an emergency tracheostomy, neck exploration, hardware removal, abscess drainage and infected tissue debridement. 14 days after surgery, CT of the neck with oral contrast demonstrated no contrast extravasation from the esophagus. Upon review of literature, only 14 cases of pharyngoesophageal perforation more than 1 year after anterior cervical spine surgery were found. We discussed possible etiology, diagnosis and management and concluded that in cases of dysphagia, dyspnea, cervical pain, swelling and edema of the cervical area even long time after anterior cervical spine surgery, potential pharyngoesophageal damage should be considered.

  1. Nontrauma emergency surgery: optimal case mix for general surgery and acute care surgery training.

    PubMed

    Cherry-Bukowiec, Jill R; Miller, Barbra S; Doherty, Gerard M; Brunsvold, Melissa E; Hemmila, Mark R; Park, Pauline K; Raghavendran, Krishnan; Sihler, Kristen C; Wahl, Wendy L; Wang, Stewart C; Napolitano, Lena M

    2011-11-01

    To examine the case mix and patient characteristics and outcomes of the nontrauma emergency (NTE) service in an academic Division of Acute Care Surgery. An NTE service (attending, chief resident, postgraduate year-3 and postgraduate year-2 residents, and two physician assistants) was created in July 2005 for all urgent and emergent inpatient and emergency department general surgery patient consults and admissions. An NTE database was created with prospective data collection of all NTE admissions initiated from November 1, 2007. Prospective data were collected by a dedicated trauma registrar and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-intensive care unit (ICU) coordinator daily. NTE case mix and ICU characteristics were reviewed for the 2-year time period January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2009. During the same time period, trauma operative cases and procedures were examined and compared with the NTE case mix. Thousand seven hundred eight patients were admitted to the NTE service during this time period (789 in 2008 and 910 in 2009). Surgical intervention was required in 70% of patients admitted to the NTE service. Exploratory laparotomy or laparoscopy was performed in 449 NTE patients, comprising 37% of all surgical procedures. In comparison, only 118 trauma patients (5.9% of admissions) required a major laparotomy or thoracotomy during the same time period. Acuity of illness of NTE patients was high, with a significant portion (13%) of NTE patients requiring ICU admission. NTE patients had higher admission Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation III scores [61.2 vs. 58.8 (2008); 58.2 vs. 55.8 (2009)], increased mortality [(9.71% vs. 4.89% (2008); 6.78% vs. 5.16% (2009)], and increased readmission rates (15.5% vs. 7.4%) compared with the total surgical ICU (SICU) admissions. In an era of declining operative caseload in trauma, the NTE service provides ample opportunity for complex general surgery decision making and operative procedures for

  2. Retrobulbar gas after macular hole surgery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Roth, Daniel B; Ballintine, Sheila D

    2013-01-01

    To present a case of a patient who underwent vitreoretinal surgery for repair of a full-thickness macular hole and received an inappropriate concentration of C3F8 gas. Interventional case report. A 63-year-old man with a Stage IV full-thickness macular hole underwent uneventful macular hole surgery. The vitreous cavity was filled with presumed 16% perfluoropropane (C3F8) gas and none of the sclerotomies were sutured closed. Postoperatively, the patient presented with severe pain and proptosis and a visual acuity of count fingers. His condition was managed initially with a vitreous gas tap after which an emergency computed tomography was performed revealing retrobulbar air. The patient returned to the operating room and underwent surgical decompression of the retrobulbar gas. Despite medical management to manage his intraocular pressure, the patient required a second vitreous tap. By Postoperative Day 10 after his original macular hole surgery, the gas fill of the posterior segment started to decrease, his proptosis had resolved, and his pain had diminished. By Postoperative Day 60, the macular hole closed and the optic nerve exhibited no pallor or cupping. Despite an inappropriate concentration of gas being used, the unsutured sclerotomies allowed escape of the gas from the vitreous space, buffering the rise in intraocular pressure and preventing complete vascular occlusion.

  3. [Levels of satisfaction and perceived quality in a day surgery unit of a tertiary referral hospital].

    PubMed

    García Durán, A; Docobo Durántez, F; Mena Robles, J; Cárave López Becerra, A; Vázquez Monchul, J; Durán Ferreras, I

    2003-12-01

    Surgical and anesthetic advances have allowed an adequate develop at the day surgery programs, with a rational application and cost-effectiveness of the hospital resorts. The aim of this study, is to know the level of quality perceived in surgical treatment in a program of day surgery. A randomised selection of 204 patients from a series of 751 operated, between April-May 2001 in a day-surgery institution, was done. Phone questionnaire was done following protocol SERCAL (sociodemographic factors and general satisfaction, accessibility, personal assistance, guarantee and fidelity service) with validation for day surgery programs. Absolute and relatives frequencies were evaluated for dichotomous and categoric variables and medium and standard deviation for numeric variables. Possible differences were evaluated by chi2 test in qualitative variables and Student's t and ANOVA test for quantitative variables. Response index was 70.1%. Satisfaction general index was 9.1%, for 18 numeric items (range 0-10). Social and demographic items show that the best validity of treatment were by elderly, women, retired and low cultural patients. Data reduction by factorial analysis showed 4 factors with incidence (total variance 71.62%): Scientific-technical guarantee service and adequate personal treatment (Cronbach's alpha 0.9060), comfortable and security assistance (Cronbach's alpha 0.8708), accessibility to hospital and professionals (Cronbach's alpha 0.0652), accessibility to surgical service. General satisfaction of the patients treated in the day-surgery program was high, 9.1 (range 0-10). 88.8% patients would recommend this type of treatment to their parents or friends and in 84.3% would repeat the same experience in the surgery unit. The best appreciate items were the direct treatment and relation, respect, intimacy and information along the assistential circuit by implicated professionals. The worst identified item was the time past in waiting surgical list.

  4. Same day admission for elective cardiac surgery: how to improve outcome with satisfaction and decrease expenses.

    PubMed

    Silvay, George; Goldberg, Andrew; Gutsche, Jacob T; T Augoustides, John G

    2016-06-01

    Admission on the day of surgery for elective cardiac and non-cardiac surgery has been established as a prevalent, critical practice. This approach realizes medical, logistical, psychological and fiscal benefits, and its success is predicated on an effective outpatient pre-operative evaluation. The establishment of a highly functional pre-operative clinic with a comprehensive set-up and efficient logistical pathways is invaluable. This notion has been expanded in recent years to include the entire peri-operative period and the concept of a 'peri-operative anesthesia/surgical home' is gaining popularity and support. Evaluating patients prior to admission for surgery, anesthesiologists can place themselves at the forefront of reducing unnecessary pre-operative hospital admissions, excess lab tests, unneeded consultations, and ultimately decrease the cancellations on the day of surgery. Furthermore, by taking a leadership role in the pre-operative clinic, anesthesiologists place themselves squarely at the forefront of the burgeoning movement for the peri-operative surgical home and continue to cement the indispensability of the anesthesiologist during the entire peri-operative course. The authors present this review as a follow-up describing the successful implementation of a pre-operative same-day cardiac surgery clinic and offer these experiences over the last 8 years as a guide to helping other anesthesiologists do the same.

  5. The use of standard operating procedures in day case anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Khan, T; Jackson, W F; Beard, D J; Marfin, A; Ahmad, M; Spacie, R; Jones, R; Howes, S; Barker, K; Price, A J

    2012-08-01

    The current rate of day-case anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in the UK remains low. Although specialised care pathways with standard operating procedures (SOPs) have been effective in reducing length of stay following some surgical procedures, this has not been previously reported for ACLR. We evaluate the effectiveness of SOPs for establishing day-case ACLR in a specialist unit. Fifty patients undergoing ACLR between May and September 2010 were studied prospectively ("study group"). SOPs were designed for pre-operative assessment, anaesthesia, surgical procedure, mobilisation and discharge. We evaluated length of stay, readmission rates, patient satisfaction and compliance to SOPs. A retrospective analysis of 50 patients who underwent ACLR prior to implementation of the day-case pathway was performed ("standard practice group"). Eighty percent of patients in the study group were discharged on the day of surgery (mean length of stay=5.3h) compared to 16% in the standard practice group (mean length of stay=21.6h). This difference was statistically significant (p<0.05, Mann-Whitney U test). All patients were satisfied with the day case pathway. Ninety-two percent of the study group were discharged on the day of surgery when all SOPs were followed and 46% where they were not. High rates of day-case ACLR with excellent patient satisfaction can be achieved with the use of a specialised patient pathway with SOPs.

  6. Structural, Nursing, and Physician Characteristics and 30-Day Mortality for Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery in Pennsylvania.

    PubMed

    Lane-Fall, Meghan B; Ramaswamy, Tara S; Brown, Sydney E S; He, Xu; Gutsche, Jacob T; Fleisher, Lee A; Neuman, Mark D

    2017-09-01

    Cardiac surgery ICU characteristics and clinician staffing patterns have not been well characterized. We sought to describe Pennsylvania cardiac ICUs and to determine whether ICU characteristics are associated with mortality in the 30 days after cardiac surgery. From 2012 to 2013, we conducted a survey of cardiac surgery ICUs in Pennsylvania to assess ICU structure, care practices, and clinician staffing patterns. ICU data were linked to an administrative database of cardiac surgery patient discharges. We used logistic regression to measure the association between ICU variables and death in 30 days. Cardiac surgery ICUs in Pennsylvania. Patients having coronary artery bypass grafting and/or cardiac valve repair or replacement from 2009 to 2011. None. Of the 57 cardiac surgical ICUs in Pennsylvania, 43 (75.4%) responded to the facility survey. Rounds included respiratory therapists in 26 of 43 (60.5%) and pharmacists in 23 of 43 (53.5%). Eleven of 41 (26.8%) reported that at least 2/3 of their nurses had a bachelor's degree in nursing. Advanced practice providers were present in most of the ICUs (37/43; 86.0%) but residents (8/42; 18.6%) and fellows (7/43; 16.3%) were not. Daytime intensivists were present in 21 of 43 (48.8%) responding ICUs; eight of 43 (18.6%) had nighttime intensivists. Among 29,449 patients, there was no relationship between mortality and nurse ICU experience, presence of any intensivist, or absence of residents after risk adjustment. To exclude patients who may have undergone transcatheter aortic valve replacement, we conducted a subgroup analysis of patients undergoing only coronary artery bypass grafting, and results were similar. Pennsylvania cardiac surgery ICUs have variable structures, care practices, and clinician staffing, although none of these are statistically significantly associated with mortality in the 30 days following surgery after adjustment.

  7. An audit of pain management following pediatric day surgery at British Columbia Children’s Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Shum, Serena; Lim, Joanne; Page, Trish; Lamb, Elizabeth; Gow, Jennifer; Ansermino, J Mark; Lauder, Gillian

    2012-01-01

    A prospective audit of 225 children was conducted to evaluate current pain management strategies both in-hospital and at home following day surgery at British Columbia Children’s Hospital (Vancouver, British Columbia). Anesthetic, postanesthetic care unit and surgical day care unit records were collected to generate in-hospital data. A telephone questionnaire was administered 48 h postdischarge for at home data. Pain reports and scores were significantly higher (P<0.01) at home compared with in-hospital. Children undergoing certain procedures were more likely to experience significant pain. Although good pain control was commonly achieved after surgery, improvements may be possible by increasing the use of multimodal analgesia, providing standardized written discharge instructions and using surgery-specific pediatric analgesia guidelines. PMID:23061083

  8. Abstracts from the First Annual Baylor Scott and White Surgery Research Day

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    The First Annual Baylor Scott and White Surgery Research Day was held on May 2, 2014, in Temple, Texas. The program built on the tradition of eight previous research days for the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine and Scott & White Memorial Hospital and this year included the Department of Surgery at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas. The forum is open to all Baylor Scott and White surgery fellows, residents, and medical students and includes a variety of basic science, clinical, and educational research projects with a focus on trainees’ research. The 2014 forum was organized by Dr. J. Scott Thomas and Dr. Raman C. Mahabir, under the guidance of Dr. Harry T. Papaconstantinou. This article highlights the top 16 abstracts selected from the submissions for presentation from the podium. PMID:25484497

  9. Early post-operative morbidity following tonsillectomy in children: implications for day surgery.

    PubMed

    Panarese, A; Clarke, R W; Yardley, M P

    1999-12-01

    Adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy are amongst the most commonly performed surgical procedures. In our prospective study we looked at early post-operative morbidity (haemorrhage, vomiting and pyrexia) in 521 consecutive children following tonsillectomy, adenotonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. While the incidence of reactionary haemorrhage is low, pyrexia and vomiting are common. The implications of this high early post-operative morbidity for day surgery are discussed.

  10. Does a teaching programme in day surgery impact on efficiency and quality of care?

    PubMed

    Rudkin, G E; O'Driscoll, M C; Carty, V M

    1997-12-01

    Recent medical advances have led to an explosion in the use of day surgery, making traditional teaching untenable and necessitating a transfer of undergraduate teaching programmes into the day surgery setting. concerns have been raised about the impact of teaching on efficiency and quality of care in this environment. Thirty-one final year medical students participated in a new teaching programme conducted in a dedicated day surgery unit in a major Australian public teaching hospital, Five commonly performed procedures were audited and analysed by a mixed model analysis of variance to determine whether students impacted significantly on operation time. Student performance was monitored using a logbook. Surgeons and nursing staff completed questionnaires about their perceptions of the impact of the programme on the overall efficiency of the day surgery unit. Students had no significant effect on operation time for the procedures examined. Staff did not perceive that students had significantly detracted from the overall efficiency of the unit. An unexpected finding was the substantial contribution that students made to quality of patient care.

  11. Surgical site infections in breast surgery: case-control study.

    PubMed

    Vilar-Compte, Diana; Jacquemin, Benedicte; Robles-Vidal, Carlos; Volkow, Patricia

    2004-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of surgical site infections (SSIs) and identify associated risk factors for each type of breast surgery at a cancer hospital. We used a nested case-control design. Between February 1, 2000 and July 31, 2000, all breast surgeries performed were recorded on a daily basis. After hospital discharge, we evaluated patients simultaneously with surgeons three times a week for 30 days or longer. The odds ratio (OR) was estimated using logistic regression analysis. The study followed 280 patients (298 wounds). Altogether, 77 SSIs were detected, for an overall SSI rate of 25.8% (77/298). For excisions, conservative surgery, and radical mastectomies the SSI rates were 1.4%, 18.0%, and 38.3%, respectively. Excisions were excluded ( n = 68) for risk factor analysis. After multivariate analysis, risk factors associated with SSIs were obesity [OR 2.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-4.3], concomitant chemotherapy and radiation (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2-4.3), radical surgery (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.1-8.6), insertion of a second drain during the late postoperative period (OR 3.7, 95% CI 1.8-7.8), and drainage duration > or = 19 days (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.5-5.6). The bacteria most frequently isolated were Pseudomonas aeruginosa ( n = 18 ), Serratia sp. ( n = 18), Staphylococcus aureus ( n = 10), and Staphylococcus epidermidis ( n = 10). Poor compliance with infection control practices and wound management was detected throughout the study period. The overall frequency of SSIs for mastectomies was higher than the reported rates, which was principally related to the more radical surgery required for advanced-stage disease, preoperative irradiation, and inadequate wound and drain care.

  12. Day case stapled anopexy for the treatment of haemorrhoids and rectal mucosal prolapse.

    PubMed

    Hidalgo Grau, L A; Heredia Budó, A; Llorca Cardeñosa, S; Carbonell Roure, J; Estrada Ferrer, O; García Torralbo, E; Suñol Sala, X

    2012-06-01

    Stapled anopexy (SA) gives better early postoperative results than classical haemorrhoidectomy. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that SA is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of haemorrhoids and rectal mucose prolapse in a day-case surgery programme. From January 2000 to December 2008, 297 SA procedures were performed; 230 (77.4%) were performed in the Day Surgery Unit (DSU). Third- and fourth-degree haemorrhoids, second-degree haemorrhoids with no response to conservative treatment and several cases of rectal prolapse were included. The mean age of the patients in the series was 48.1 years (range 21-85). Preoperative preparation included phosphate enemas and antibiotic prophylaxis. Patients were operated on mainly under spinal anaesthesia. Day-case rate, postoperative pain (measured by a visual analogic scale, 1-10), admissions, re-admissions, early postoperative situation and recurrence were evaluated in the study. The overall DSU rate was 78%, with a progressive increase from 46% to 99% in 2008. One hundred and eighty-five patients (80%) had pain scores under 2; no patient had a pain score over 7. Eighteen (8%) patients required admission on the day of surgery. Late admission was needed for 3 (3%) patients. Thirty-three patients reported their situation as excellent, 174 as good, 20 as acceptable and three as bad when they answered a phone questionnaire 24 h after surgery. Overall, 20 (9%) patients had recurrence of symptoms. SA is a safe and effective procedure for prolapsing haemorrhoids in the day case setting. The recurrence rate is higher than that observed in classical haemorrhoidectomy. Most patients can be managed as day-cases. © 2011 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2011 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  13. Sevoflurane requirement during elective ankle day surgery: the effects of etirocoxib premedication, a prospective randomised study

    PubMed Central

    Turan, Ibrahim; Hein, Anette; Jacobson, Eva; Jakobsson, Jan G

    2008-01-01

    Background Anti-inflammatory drugs, NSAIDs, have become an important part of the pain management in day surgery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Coxib premedication on the intra-operative anaesthetic requirements in patients undergoing elective ankle surgery in general anaesthesia. Type of study Prospective, randomized study of the intra-operative anaesthetic-sparing effects of etoricoxib premedication as compared to no NSAID preoperatively. Methods The intra-operative requirement of sevoflurane was studied in forty-four ASA 1–2 patients undergoing elective ankle day surgical in balanced general anaesthesia. Primary study endpoint was end-tidal sevoflurane concentration to maintain Cerebral State Index of 40 – 50 during surgery. Results All anaesthesia and surgery was uneventful, no complications or adverse events were noticed. The mean end-tidal sevoflurane concentration intra-operatively was 1.25 (SD 0.2) and 0.91 (SD 0.2) for the pre and post-operative administered group of patients respectively (p < 0.0001). No other intra-operative differences could be noted. Emergence and recovery was rapid and no difference was noticed in time to discharge-eligible mean 52 minutes in both groups studied. In all 6 patients, 5 in the group receiving etoricoxib post-operatively, after surgery, and one in the pre-operative group required rescue analgesia before discharge from hospital. No difference was seen in pain or need for rescue analgesia, nausea or patients satisfaction during the first 24 postoperative hours. Conclusion Coxib premedication before elective day surgery has an anaesthetic sparing potential. PMID:18786254

  14. Administrative data measured surgical site infection probability within 30 days of surgery in elderly patients.

    PubMed

    van Walraven, Carl; Jackson, Timothy D; Daneman, Nick

    2016-09-01

    Elderly patients are inordinately affected by surgical site infections (SSIs). This study derived and internally validated a model that used routinely collected health administrative data to measure the probability of SSI in elderly patients within 30 days of surgery. All people exceeding 65 years undergoing surgery from two hospitals with known SSI status were linked to population-based administrative data sets in Ontario, Canada. We used bootstrap methods to create a multivariate model that used health administrative data to predict the probability of SSI. Of 3,436 patients, 177 (5.1%) had an SSI. The Elderly SSI Risk Model included six covariates: number of distinct physician fee codes within 30 days of surgery; presence or absence of a postdischarge prescription for an antibiotic; presence or absence of three diagnostic codes; and a previously derived score that gauged SSI risk based on procedure codes. The model was highly explanatory (Nagelkerke's R(2), 0.458), strongly discriminative (C statistic, 0.918), and well calibrated (calibration slope, 1). Health administrative data can effectively determine 30-day risk of SSI risk in elderly patients undergoing a broad assortment of surgeries. External validation is necessary before this can be routinely used to monitor SSIs in the elderly. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Postoperative care fragmentation and thirty-day unplanned readmissions after head and neck cancer surgery.

    PubMed

    Graboyes, Evan M; Kallogjeri, Dorina; Saeed, Mohammed J; Olsen, Margaret A; Nussenbaum, Brian

    2017-04-01

    Postdischarge care fragmentation, readmission to a hospital other than the one performing the surgery, has not been described in head and neck cancer patients. We sought to determine the frequency, risk factors, and outcomes for head and neck cancer patients experiencing postdischarge care fragmentation. Retrospective cohort study. We analyzed patients in the 2008 to 2010 California State Inpatient Database with a 30-day unplanned readmission following head and neck cancer surgery. The frequency of postdischarge care fragmentation, patient- and hospital-level risk factors for care fragmentation, readmission diagnosis, and readmission outcomes were determined. Of 561 patients with a 30-day unplanned readmission, 210 (37.4%) were readmitted to a hospital other than the one performing the surgery. Surgical hospitalization length of stay ≥15 days (odds ratio [OR]: 1.87, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13-3.10) and discharge to a care facility (OR: 2.85, 95% CI: 1.77-4.58) were associated with care fragmentation. Overall, 39.8% of unplanned 30-day readmissions (223/561) were treatment complications, and 30.9% of treatment complication readmissions (69/223) occurred at a nonindex hospital. Patients with postdischarge care fragmentation had a 2.1-fold increased risk of in-hospital mortality within 30 days of readmission compared to patients readmitted to the index hospital (95% CI: 1.04-4.26). Postdischarge care fragmentation following head an neck cancer surgery is common, as 37% of readmitted patients and 31% of patients readmitted with a treatment complication are readmitted to a hospital other than the surgical hospital. Head and neck cancer patients experiencing care fragmentation are at increased risk of in-hospital mortality within 30 days of readmission. 4. Laryngoscope, 127:868-874, 2017. © 2016 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  16. The impact of day of surgery on the length of stay for major urological procedures

    PubMed Central

    Nason, Gregory J.; O’Connor, Eabhann M.; O’Neill, Cathleen; Izzeldin, Omer; Considine, Shane W.; O’Brien, M. Frank

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Surgery performed later in the week has been associated with longer length of stay (LOS). The aim of this study was to assess if the day of the surgery impacted the LOS for two major urological procedures in a tertiary referral university teaching hospital. Methods A retrospective review was performed of two major urological procedures consecutively performed by a single surgeon in our unit from March 2012 to December 2015. Patient demographics, histopathological characteristics, operative details, and LOS were obtained from the patients’ medical records. Procedures performed on Monday or Tuesday were defined as early in the week and procedures performed on Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday were defined as late in the week. Results During the study period, 140 open radical prostatectomy (ORP) and 42 open partial nephrectomy (OPN) procedures were performed. There was a significant difference in median LOS for major urological procedures performed early in the week compared to late in the week (3 [3–4] days vs. 4 [4–5] days; p= 0.0001). There was a significant difference in median LOS for ORP performed early in the week compared to late in the week (3 [3–4] days vs. 4 [4–5] days; p= 0.0004). There was a similar significant difference in OPN performed early in the week compared to late in the week (4 [3–5.5] days vs. 5 [4–5] days; p= 0.029). Conclusions The day of surgery impacts LOS for major urological procedures. Major procedures should be performed early in the week, when it is feasible to facilitate prompt safe discharge and better use of hospital resources. PMID:28096920

  17. Minimising preoperative anxiety with music for day surgery patients - a randomised clinical trial.

    PubMed

    Ni, Cheng-Hua; Tsai, Wei-Her; Lee, Liang-Ming; Kao, Ching-Chiu; Chen, Yi-Chung

    2012-03-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of musical intervention on preoperative anxiety and vital signs in patients undergoing day surgery. Studies and systematic meta-analyses have shown inconclusive results of the efficacy of music in reducing preoperative anxiety. We designed a study to provide additional evidence for its use in preoperative nursing care. Randomised, controlled study. Patients (n = 183) aged 18-65 admitted to our outpatient surgery department were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (music delivered by earphones) or control group (no music) for 20 minutes before surgery. Anxiety, measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and vital signs were measured before and after the experimental protocol. A total of 172 patients (60 men and 112 women) with a mean age of 40·90 (SD 11·80) completed the study. The largest number (35·7%) was undergoing elective plastic surgery and 76·7% of the total reported previous experience with surgery. Even though there was only a low-moderate level of anxiety at the beginning of the study, both groups showed reduced anxiety and improved vital signs compared with baseline values; however, the intervention group reported significantly lower anxiety [mean change: -5·83 (SD 0·75) vs. -1·72 (SD 0·65), p < 0·001] on the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory compared with the control group. Patients undergoing day surgery may benefit significantly from musical intervention to reduce preoperative anxiety and improve physiological parameters. Finding multimodal approaches to ease discomfort and anxiety from unfamiliar unit surroundings and perceived risks of morbidity (e.g. disfigurement and long-term sequelae) is necessary to reduce preoperative anxiety and subsequent physiological complications. This is especially true in the day surgery setting, where surgical admission times are often subject to change and patients may have to accommodate on short notice or too long a wait that may provoke

  18. Temporal Changes in Survival after Cardiac Surgery Are Associated with the Thirty-Day Mortality Benchmark

    PubMed Central

    Maxwell, Bryan G; Wong, Jim K; Miller, D Craig; Lobato, Robert L

    2014-01-01

    Objective To assess the hypothesis that postoperative survival exhibits heterogeneity associated with the timing of quality metrics. Data Sources Retrospective observational study using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2005 through 2009. Study Design Survival analysis was performed on all admission records with a procedure code for major cardiac surgery (n = 595,089). The day-by-day hazard function for all-cause in-hospital mortality at 1-day intervals was analyzed using joinpoint regression (a data-driven method of testing for changes in hazard). Data Extraction Methods A comprehensive analysis of a publicly available national administrative database was performed. Principal Findings Statistically significant shifts in the pattern of postoperative mortality occurred at day 6 (95 percent CI = day 5–8) and day 30 (95 percent CI = day 20–35). Conclusions While the shift at day 6 plausibly can be attributed to the separation between routine recovery and a complicated postoperative course, the abrupt increase in mortality at day 30 has no clear organic etiology. This analysis raises the possibility that this observed shift may be related to clinician behavior because of the use of 30-day mortality as a quality metric, but further studies will be required to establish causality. PMID:24713085

  19. Impact of body mass index on 30-day outcomes after spinopelvic fixation surgery.

    PubMed

    Bhashyam, Niketh; De la Garza Ramos, Rafael; Nakhla, Jonathan; Jacob, Jane; Echt, Murray; Ammar, Adam; Nasser, Rani; Yassari, Reza; Kinon, Merritt D

    2017-01-01

    Obesity is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases associated with degenerative spinal disease. There is limited evidence regarding the short-term outcome of patients with elevated BMI following spinopelvic fixation surgery. We used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database from 2013 to 2014. Inclusion criteria included: adults, aged 18 and older, who underwent all-cause spinopelvic fixation surgery. Primary outcome measures were 30-day readmission, reoperation, and major complication rates. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the effect of elevated body mass index (BMI) on 30-day outcome. A total of 618 patients met inclusion criteria stratified into levels of BMI: 11.2% were Class 2 obese and 10.3% were Class 3 obese. Significant differences were found between the classes for the incidence of revision surgery, reoperations, and deep wound infections. However, there were no significant increases in readmissions and major complications rates, and only Class 3 obese patients had significantly higher odds of reoperation than those who were not obese. Significant differences between all classes of obesity regarding revision surgery, reoperation, and deep wound infection rates were found. Class 3 obese patients had significantly higher odds of reoperation, most likely attributed to the greater number/severity of preoperative comorbidities.

  20. First 101 Robotic General Surgery Cases in a Community Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Robertson, Jarrod C.; Alrajhi, Sharifah

    2016-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The general surgeon's robotic learning curve may improve if the experience is classified into categories based on the complexity of the procedures in a small community hospital. The intraoperative time should decrease and the incidence of complications should be comparable to conventional laparoscopy. The learning curve of a single robotic general surgeon in a small community hospital using the da Vinci S platform was analyzed. Methods: Measured parameters were operative time, console time, conversion rates, complications, surgical site infections (SSIs), surgical site occurrences (SSOs), length of stay, and patient demographics. Results: Between March 2014 and August 2015, 101 robotic general surgery cases were performed by a single surgeon in a 266-bed community hospital, including laparoscopic cholecystectomies, inguinal hernia repairs; ventral, incisional, and umbilical hernia repairs; and colorectal, foregut, bariatric, and miscellaneous procedures. Ninety-nine of the cases were completed robotically. Seven patients were readmitted within 30 days. There were 8 complications (7.92%). There were no mortalities and all complications were resolved with good outcomes. The mean operative time was 233.0 minutes. The mean console operative time was 117.6 minutes. Conclusion: A robotic general surgery program can be safely implemented in a small community hospital with extensive training of the surgical team through basic robotic skills courses as well as supplemental educational experiences. Although the use of the robotic platform in general surgery could be limited to complex procedures such as foregut and colorectal surgery, it can also be safely used in a large variety of operations with results similar to those of conventional laparoscopy. PMID:27667913

  1. First 101 Robotic General Surgery Cases in a Community Hospital.

    PubMed

    Oviedo, Rodolfo J; Robertson, Jarrod C; Alrajhi, Sharifah

    2016-01-01

    The general surgeon's robotic learning curve may improve if the experience is classified into categories based on the complexity of the procedures in a small community hospital. The intraoperative time should decrease and the incidence of complications should be comparable to conventional laparoscopy. The learning curve of a single robotic general surgeon in a small community hospital using the da Vinci S platform was analyzed. Measured parameters were operative time, console time, conversion rates, complications, surgical site infections (SSIs), surgical site occurrences (SSOs), length of stay, and patient demographics. Between March 2014 and August 2015, 101 robotic general surgery cases were performed by a single surgeon in a 266-bed community hospital, including laparoscopic cholecystectomies, inguinal hernia repairs; ventral, incisional, and umbilical hernia repairs; and colorectal, foregut, bariatric, and miscellaneous procedures. Ninety-nine of the cases were completed robotically. Seven patients were readmitted within 30 days. There were 8 complications (7.92%). There were no mortalities and all complications were resolved with good outcomes. The mean operative time was 233.0 minutes. The mean console operative time was 117.6 minutes. A robotic general surgery program can be safely implemented in a small community hospital with extensive training of the surgical team through basic robotic skills courses as well as supplemental educational experiences. Although the use of the robotic platform in general surgery could be limited to complex procedures such as foregut and colorectal surgery, it can also be safely used in a large variety of operations with results similar to those of conventional laparoscopy.

  2. Complications Within 30 Days of Hand Surgery: An Analysis of 10,646 Patients.

    PubMed

    Lipira, Angelo B; Sood, Ravi F; Tatman, Philip D; Davis, Jeffrey I; Morrison, Shane D; Ko, Jason H

    2015-09-01

    The American College of Surgeons Surgical Quality Improvement Program database collects detailed and validated data on demographics, comorbidities, and 30-day postoperative outcomes of patients undergoing operations in most subspecialties. This dataset has been previously used to quantify complications and identify risk factors in other surgical subspecialties. We sought to determine the incidence of postoperative complications following hand surgery and to identify factors associated with increased risk of complications in order to focus preventive strategies. National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data from 2006 to 2011 were queried using 302 hand-specific Current Procedural Technology codes. Descriptive statistics were calculated for the population, and potential risk factors and patient characteristics were analyzed for their association with complications in the 30-day postoperative period using both univariate and multivariate analyses. There were 208 hand-specific Current Procedural Technology codes represented in the data, and of these, 84 were associated with at least 1 complication. The overall incidence of complications within 30 days of hand surgery was 2.5% (95% confidence interval, 2.2%-2.8%). In univariate analysis, older age, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, atherosclerosis, steroids, bleeding disorder, increasing American Society of Anesthesiologists class, increasing wound class, emergency procedure, longer operative time, and preoperative transfusion were associated with significantly higher risk of complications, and local anesthesia and outpatient surgery were associated with lower risk. In the multivariate model, male sex, increasing American Society of Anesthesiologists class, wound class 4, and preoperative transfusion were associated with significantly higher risk, and outpatient surgery was associated with significantly lower risk. The most common complication was surgical-site infection (1

  3. Surveillance of surgical site infections after thyroidectomy in a one-day surgery setting.

    PubMed

    Dionigi, G; Rovera, F; Boni, L; Dionigi, R

    2008-01-01

    Different studies underline the importance of hospital stay on the development of infectious complications. We performed an audit of surgical site infections (SSI) after thyroidectomy was performed in a one-day surgery setting. One hundred and twelve consecutive patients admitted between April 2007 and discharged before May 2008 were studied. Patient selection criteria for one-day surgery were specific medical and social-logistic status. The technique of thyroidectomy was standardized. SSI affect 2.6% of patients undergoing thyroid surgery with short hospitalization. The incidence of SSI was 3.2% following thyroidectomy, 2% for lobectomy. Mean time interval to symptom onset was 3 days (range 2-6). Most likely organism was Staphylococcus aureus. WI was associated with prolonged ambulatory medications. Rates of SSI are similar to those described in the literature with longer hospitalization. All SSI become evident only after patient discharge. Prevention of SSI is very much the responsibility of the persons working in the operating theater. Effort should be made to improve sterile technique. Appropriate antibiotic coverage is indicated when infection develops postoperatively.

  4. Quality of counselling for knee and shoulder arthroscopy patients during day surgery.

    PubMed

    Kaakinen, Pirjo; Ervasti, Helka; Kääriäinen, Maria

    2017-02-01

    Counselling for day surgery patients is one of the core components for a knee or shoulder arthroscopy patient to succeed in self-care. This cross-sectional study examined the quality of counselling given to patients (n = 86) during their day surgery, using the Counselling Quality Instrument (CQI). The data were analysed using basic and multivariate statistical methods. Most respondents were male and aged over 50 years. Almost all knee and shoulder arthroscopy patients were satisfied with the counselling given on follow-up and rehabilitation as well as the counselling given relating to wound and pain treatment. There was a lack of patient-centred and goal-oriented counselling, although interaction during counselling was good. Counselling was perceived as providing benefit in regard to a patient's self-care, emotions and knowledge. Respondents aged below 40 years were more dissatisfied with counselling for day surgery than those aged 40 years and over. This study identified a need to train healthcare staff in patient-centred and goal-oriented counselling. Counselling with people who are aged below 40 years should take account of patients' specific concerns. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. The safety of same-day breast reconstructive surgery: An analysis of short-term outcomes.

    PubMed

    Cordeiro, Erin; Zhong, Toni; Jackson, Timothy; Cil, Tulin

    2017-09-01

    We sought to examine the safety of same-day breast reconstructive (BR) surgery. An analysis of the American College of Surgeons, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) files was performed. Patients undergoing BR for breast cancer were examined, excluding those with high-risk co-morbidities or concurrent surgery. A propensity score was calculated and a multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the difference in 30-day complications between those undergoing SDS versus longer hospital stay. The study consisted of 21,539 patients; 17,449 had implant and 4090 had autologous breast reconstruction. 1195 (5.5%) underwent SDS, whereas 20,344 (94.5%) were admitted at least overnight. On unadjusted analysis, the rate of post-operative complications was nearly three times higher in those admitted compared to those undergoing SDS (6.7% vs. 2.5%; p < 0.001). On propensity score adjusted multivariable regression there was no significant difference in complications amongst those undergoing SDS versus staying in hospital (OR 1.4 (95%CI: 0.9, 2.2)). These results suggest that admitting BR patients does not prevent short-term complications and same day BR surgery is safe when co-morbidities are accounted for. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Improved Surgery Planning Using 3-D Printing: a Case Study.

    PubMed

    Singhal, A J; Shetty, V; Bhagavan, K R; Ragothaman, Ananthan; Shetty, V; Koneru, Ganesh; Agarwala, M

    2016-04-01

    The role of 3-D printing is presented for improved patient-specific surgery planning. Key benefits are time saved and surgery outcome. Two hard-tissue surgery models were 3-D printed, for orthopedic, pelvic surgery, and craniofacial surgery. We discuss software data conversion in computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance (MR) medical image for 3-D printing. 3-D printed models save time in surgery planning and help visualize complex pre-operative anatomy. Time saved in surgery planning can be as much as two thirds. In addition to improved surgery accuracy, 3-D printing presents opportunity in materials research. Other hard-tissue and soft-tissue cases in maxillofacial, abdominal, thoracic, cardiac, orthodontics, and neurosurgery are considered. We recommend using 3-D printing as standard protocol for surgery planning and for teaching surgery practices. A quick turnaround time of a 3-D printed surgery model, in improved accuracy in surgery planning, is helpful for the surgery team. It is recommended that these costs be within 20 % of the total surgery budget.

  7. Pneumocephalus and Pneumorrhachis after Spinal Surgery: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    KARAVELIOGLU, Ergun; ESER, Olcay; HAKTANIR, Alpay

    2014-01-01

    Trauma is a common cause of pneumocephalus, or air in the cranial cavity, and of pneumorrhachis, or the presence of intraspinal air. After spinal surgery, occurrence of pneumocephalus, especially with pneumorrhachis, is extremely rare. We report the case of a patient who developed pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis after lumbar disc surgery and pedicle screw fixation. There was no cerebrospinal fluid leakage during surgery. On postoperative day 1, the patient complained of headache, nausea, and dizziness. Brain and lumbar computed tomography scans revealed pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis. With conservative treatment, the patient's complaints resolved within 10 days. PMID:24305016

  8. [The cardiological evaluation in patients undergoing to Day Surgery: when is indicated].

    PubMed

    Sonnessa, S; Sebastianelli, A; De Lucia, G; Rauzino, J; Lala, N; Mingoia, C; Fazi, S; Trappolini, M

    Guidelines established preoperative cardiac management of the patient undergoing non-cardiac surgery in hospitalization. Regarding the patients undergoing the surgery in DS, the management is not defined. Aim of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of the cardiological consultation requested by the patients undergoing surgery with this method. We examined the request of cardiological evaluation for patient admitted to DS of Sant'Andrea Hospital in Rome. We have considered: age, sex, clinic history, simpthomatology, electrocardiogram, cardiovascular objectivity, hemodynamic stability, comorbidity, therapy, type of the surgery, the motivation of the request. Of 2350 patients, 495 patients (21%) have been undergone the preoperative cardiologic consultation. The request was resulted as unnecessary for 432 (87.2%) patients, appropriate for 63 (12.7%): 4 that had the ischemic heart disease without knowing this, 6 with severe hypertension; 2 with mitral valve prolapse and valvular regurgitation; 34 with congestive heart failure; 6 with the alterations in EKG : 3 with "Brugada pattern"; 1 with Pace Maker (PMK) that had to be reprogrammed before the operation; 3 under dual antiplatelet therapy; 7 that were taking the oral anticoagulant therapy. Cardiac complications occurred just in one case with patient suffering dilated cardiomyopathy, diabetes and hypertension; during the cataract surgery was presented the abrupt increase of blood pressure and left ventricular failure. Preoperative cardiologic evaluation results as useless in most patients. However, in some particular situations had allowed the diagnosis of heart disease for the patients who did not know to have it.

  9. [Decree of anaesthesia of 1994, day surgery and medical responsibility: necessary reflections on the inevitable conciliation between regulations and recommendations].

    PubMed

    Bontemps, G; Daver, C; Ecoffey, C

    2014-12-01

    Day surgery is often considered as a marker of the necessity of reorganizing the hospital to take care globally and so better meet the expectations of improvement of the management of patients. But the actual deployment of day surgery can also act as a real revelation of the stakes of conciliation between the regulations, which supervise professional practices and organization, and the functioning of hospitals. Between the regulations supervising hospitals and professional practices and the place of the recommendations, between the general legal framework of the medical activity and specific legal framework (decree of anesthesia of 1994) and the Evidence-Based Medicine, the pretext of the improvement of the patient flow in day surgery, recommended by several institutions (Sfar, ANAP, HAS), questions about the legal obligation of the passage of all the patients in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Seen under the angle of a legal action against a medical doctor, the study of the French jurisprudence reveals that every practitioner has to respect the recommendations and the Evidence-Based Medicine, and this in the standardized frame of the MD's activity and the respect for a very strict legal environment. The question of an obvious conciliation between all these measures arises today clearly. In the case of a potential conflict, the key of resolution, based only on legal standards (constitution, laws, decrees), is not enough for arbitrating. Applying that the only respect for the decree of anesthesia would be enough for exempting itself from any contentious risk does not satisfy more. There is a real difficulty defining the legal precise nature of the recommendations, so best practices as better organization, which are more and more frequently. Even if these recommendations originally had not their place in the hierarchy of the legal standards, they are brought in there today. There is a real brake in the deployment of the day surgery because the strict respect for

  10. [Spontaneous epidural hematoma after open heart surgery: case report].

    PubMed

    Anegawa, S; Hayashi, T; Furukawa, Y; Nagashima, T; Kumate, M

    1999-11-01

    Acute epidural hematoma not associated with head injury is rarely encountered and is known as spontaneous epidural hematoma. To our knowledge, only five cases with epidural hematoma after open-heart surgery have been published. Pathogenesis and preventive measures have not yet been determined. We report a case of such spontaneous epidural hematoma and consider the possible pathogenesis. A 12-year-old female received a radical operation for severe subaortic stenosis. The intraoperative course was uneventful except for massive hemorrhage which was adequately controlled. Postoperatively, she was moved to the CCU still not having aroused from anesthesia. Eleven hours later, it was found that her pupils were fixed and dilated. CT scan demonstrated a huge bifrontal epidural hematoma with disappearance of the basal cistern. Even though immediate emergency evacuation was performed, the patient died of acute brain swelling four days after the operation.

  11. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Case Log: General Surgery Resident Thoracic Surgery Experience

    PubMed Central

    Kansier, Nicole; Varghese, Thomas K.; Verrier, Edward D.; Drake, F. Thurston; Gow, Kenneth W.

    2014-01-01

    Background General surgery resident training has changed dramatically over the past 2 decades, with likely impact on specialty exposure. We sought to assess trends in general surgery resident exposure to thoracic surgery using the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) case logs over time. Methods The ACGME case logs for graduating general surgery residents were reviewed from academic year (AY) 1989–1990 to 2011–2012 for defined thoracic surgery cases. Data were divided into 5 eras of training for comparison: I, AY89 to 93; II, AY93 to 98; III, AY98 to 03; IV, AY03 to 08; V, AY08 to 12. We analyzed quantity and types of cases per time period. Student t tests compared averages among the time periods with significance at a p values less than 0.05. Results A total of 21,803,843 general surgery cases were reviewed over the 23-year period. Residents averaged 33.6 thoracic cases each in period I and 39.7 in period V. Thoracic cases accounted for nearly 4% of total cases performed annually (period I 3.7% [134,550 of 3,598,574]; period V 4.1% [167,957 of 4,077,939]). For the 3 most frequently performed procedures there was a statistically significant increase in thoracoscopic approach from period II to period V. Conclusions General surgery trainees today have the same volume of thoracic surgery exposure as their counterparts over the last 2 decades. This maintenance in caseload has occurred in spite of work-hour restrictions. However, general surgery graduates have a different thoracic surgery skill set at the end of their training, due to the predominance of minimally invasive techniques. Thoracic surgery educators should take into account these differences when training future cardiothoracic surgeons. PMID:24968766

  12. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education case log: general surgery resident thoracic surgery experience.

    PubMed

    Kansier, Nicole; Varghese, Thomas K; Verrier, Edward D; Drake, F Thurston; Gow, Kenneth W

    2014-08-01

    General surgery resident training has changed dramatically over the past 2 decades, with likely impact on specialty exposure. We sought to assess trends in general surgery resident exposure to thoracic surgery using the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) case logs over time. The ACGME case logs for graduating general surgery residents were reviewed from academic year (AY) 1989-1990 to 2011-2012 for defined thoracic surgery cases. Data were divided into 5 eras of training for comparison: I, AY89 to 93; II, AY93 to 98; III, AY98 to 03; IV, AY03 to 08; V, AY08 to 12. We analyzed quantity and types of cases per time period. Student t tests compared averages among the time periods with significance at a p values less than 0.05. A total of 21,803,843 general surgery cases were reviewed over the 23-year period. Residents averaged 33.6 thoracic cases each in period I and 39.7 in period V. Thoracic cases accounted for nearly 4% of total cases performed annually (period I 3.7% [134,550 of 3,598,574]; period V 4.1% [167,957 of 4,077,939]). For the 3 most frequently performed procedures there was a statistically significant increase in thoracoscopic approach from period II to period V. General surgery trainees today have the same volume of thoracic surgery exposure as their counterparts over the last 2 decades. This maintenance in caseload has occurred in spite of work-hour restrictions. However, general surgery graduates have a different thoracic surgery skill set at the end of their training, due to the predominance of minimally invasive techniques. Thoracic surgery educators should take into account these differences when training future cardiothoracic surgeons. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Pain intensity on the first day after surgery: a prospective cohort study comparing 179 surgical procedures.

    PubMed

    Gerbershagen, Hans J; Aduckathil, Sanjay; van Wijck, Albert J M; Peelen, Linda M; Kalkman, Cor J; Meissner, Winfried

    2013-04-01

    Severe pain after surgery remains a major problem, occurring in 20-40% of patients. Despite numerous published studies, the degree of pain following many types of surgery in everyday clinical practice is unknown. To improve postoperative pain therapy and develop procedure-specific, optimized pain-treatment protocols, types of surgery that may result in severe postoperative pain in everyday practice must first be identified. This study considered 115,775 patients from 578 surgical wards in 105 German hospitals. A total of 70,764 patients met the inclusion criteria. On the first postoperative day, patients were asked to rate their worst pain intensity since surgery (numeric rating scale, 0-10). All surgical procedures were assigned to 529 well-defined groups. When a group contained fewer than 20 patients, the data were excluded from analysis. Finally, 50,523 patients from 179 surgical groups were compared. The 40 procedures with the highest pain scores (median numeric rating scale, 6-7) included 22 orthopedic/trauma procedures on the extremities. Patients reported high pain scores after many "minor" surgical procedures, including appendectomy, cholecystectomy, hemorrhoidectomy, and tonsillectomy, which ranked among the 25 procedures with highest pain intensities. A number of "major" abdominal surgeries resulted in comparatively low pain scores, often because of sufficient epidural analgesia. Several common minor- to medium-level surgical procedures, including some with laparoscopic approaches, resulted in unexpectedly high levels of postoperative pain. To reduce the number of patients suffering from severe pain, patients undergoing so-called minor surgery should be monitored more closely, and postsurgical pain treatment needs to comply with existing procedure-specific pain-treatment recommendations.

  14. 27-gauge and 25-gauge vitrectomy day surgery for idiopathic epiretinal membrane.

    PubMed

    Naruse, Saigen; Shimada, Hiroyuki; Mori, Ryusaburo

    2017-10-10

    This study compared the postoperative outcomes of 27-gauge (G) and 25-G vitrectomy performed for the treatment of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM). The study design was single center, retrospective, interventional case series. Two hundred consecutive eyes that underwent primary vitrectomy for ERM (27-G vitrectomy in 100 eyes and 25-G vitrectomy in 100 eyes) were studied for 6 months. In all eyes, scleral tunnels were made using angle incisions, and air or gas exchange was performed. There were no significant differences in age, spherical diopter power, as well as preoperative Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) score, central retinal thickness (CRT), and intraocular pressure between the 27-G and 25-G groups. The proportions of simultaneous cataract surgery (27-G vs. 25-G: 82% vs. 90%), air-filled eyes (99% vs. 98%), and scleral wound suture at the end of surgery (0% vs. 0%) were not significantly different between two groups. The mean operation time for vitrectomy was significantly (P = 0.0322) longer by 4 min for 27-G (37 min) compared to 25-G (33 min) vitrectomy. Gain in ETDRS score was significantly (P = 0.0421) better in 27-G group (4.7 ± 8.1 letters) compared to 25-G group (1.1 ± 13.6 letters) at 1 month post-vitrectomy, but not significantly different at 3 and 6 months (P = 0.0835 and 0.0569, respectively). Decrease in CRT was significantly (P = 0.0354) greater in 27-G group (-24.2 ± 50.0 μm) compared to 25-G group (-8.0 ± 48.6 μm) at 1 month post-vitrectomy, but not significantly different at 3 and 6 months (P = 0.6059 and 0.1725, respectively). On postoperative day 1, hypotony (≤ 6 mmHg) was observed in 2 eyes in 27-G group and 6 eyes in 25-G group, while ocular hypertension (≥ 25 mmHg) was found in 4 eyes in 27-G group and 11 eyes in 25-G group, with no significant differences between two groups. Postoperative complications requiring treatment occurred in one eye (vitreous hemorrhage) in 27-G group

  15. Low platelet activity predicts 30 days mortality in patients undergoing heart surgery.

    PubMed

    Kuliczkowski, Wiktor; Sliwka, Joanna; Kaczmarski, Jacek; Zysko, Dorota; Zembala, Michal; Steter, Dawid; Zembala, Marian; Gierlotka, Marek; Kim, Moo Hyun; Serebruany, Victor

    2016-03-01

    Despite advanced techniques and improved clinical outcomes, patient survival following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is still a major concern. Therefore, predicting future CABG mortality represents an unmet medical need and should be carefully explored. The objective of this study is to assess whether pre-CABG platelet activity corresponds with 30 days mortality post-CABG. Retrospective analyses of platelet biomarkers and death at 30 days in 478 heart surgery patients withdrawn from aspirin or/and clopidogrel. Platelet activity was assessed prior to CABG for aspirin (ASPI-test) with arachidonic acid and clopidogrel (ADP-test) utilizing Multiplate impedance aggregometer. Most patients (n = 198) underwent conventional CABG, off-pump (n = 162), minimally invasive (n = 30), artificial valve implantation (n = 48) or valves in combination with CABG (n = 40). There were 22 deaths at 30 days, including 10 in-hospital fatalities. With the cut-off value set below 407 area under curve (AUC) for the ASPI-test, the 30-day mortality was 5.90% for the lower cohort and 2.66% for patients with significantly higher platelet reactivity (P = 0.038). For the ADP-test with a cut-off at 400AUC, the 30-day mortality was 9.68% for the lower cohort and 3.66% for patients with higher platelet reactivity, representing a borderline significant difference (P = 0.046). Aside from the platelet indices, patients who received red blood cell (RBC) concentrate had a highly significant (P < 0.0001) risk of death at 30 days. Both aspirin and clopidogrel tests were useful in predicting 30 days mortality following heart surgery, suggesting the danger of diminished platelet activity prior to CABG in such high-risk patients. These preliminary evidence supports early discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy for elective CABG and requires adequately powered randomized trials to test the hypothesis and potentially improve survival.

  16. [Parental anxiety increases pre-operative anxiety in the paediatric patient subjected to day surgery].

    PubMed

    Rangel Ávila, F; Haro Haro, J M; García Méndez, N

    2012-02-01

    To evaluate the pre-operative anxiety associated with parental anxiety in children subjected to day surgery, by studying the parent-child behaviour and interaction in the surgical environment. A prospective, observational and cross-sectional study was conducted on 98 paediatric patients, between 2 and 10 years-old, scheduled for elective day surgery with general anaesthesia. The modified YALE Pre-operative Anxiety Scale was applied, and the parents were independently evaluated using the Hamilton Anxiety Test. Pre-operative anxiety was present in 71.4% of the patients. Children between 5 and 7 years had a significantly higher risk of presenting with anxiety (P=.05). In the parents group, 55.2% showed mild anxiety, and 9.2% moderate. The mother was the family member who most often accompanied the paediatric patient. The anxiety in children subjected to surgery is characterised by subjective feelings of tension, fear, nervousness, and worry that could be expressed in diverse forms. The evaluation of anxiety in the pre-operative period is an excellent tool to start and to perform both psychological and pharmacological interventions. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  17. A preoperative risk prediction model for 30-day mortality following cardiac surgery in an Australian cohort.

    PubMed

    Billah, Baki; Reid, Christopher Michael; Shardey, Gilbert C; Smith, Julian A

    2010-05-01

    Population-specific risk models are required to build consumer and provider confidence in clinical service delivery, particularly when the risks may be life-threatening. Cardiac surgery carries such risks. Currently, there is no model developed on the Australian cardiac surgery population and this article presents a novel risk prediction model for the Australian cohort with the aim to provide a guide for the surgeons and patients in assessing preoperative risk factors for cardiac surgery. This study aims to identify preoperative risk factors associated with 30-day mortality following cardiac surgery for an Australian population and to develop a preoperative model for risk prediction. All patients (23016) undergoing cardiac surgery between July 2001 and June 2008 recorded in the Australian Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ASCTS) database were included in this analysis. The data were divided randomly into model creation (13810, 60%) and model validation (9206, 40%) sets. The model was developed on the creation set and then validated on the validation set. The bootstrap sampling and automated variable selection methods were used to develop several candidate models. The final model was selected from this group of candidate models by using prediction mean square error (MSE) and Bayesian Information Criteria (BIC). Using a multifold validation, the average receiver operating characteristic (ROC), p-value for Hosmer-Lemeshow chi-squared test and MSE were obtained. Risk thresholds for low-, moderate- and high-risk patients were defined. The expected and observed mortality for various risk groups were compared. The multicollinearity and first-order interaction effect between clinically meaningful risk factors were investigated. A total of 23016 patients underwent cardiac surgery and the 30-day mortality rate was 3.2% (728 patients). Independent predictors of mortality in the model were: age, sex, the New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, urgency of procedure

  18. Thirty-day readmission rates in spine surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Bernatz, James T; Anderson, Paul A

    2015-10-01

    OBJECT The rate of 30-day readmissions is rapidly gaining significance as a quality metric and is increasingly used to evaluate performance. An analysis of the present 30-day readmission rate in the spine literature is needed to aid the development of policies to decrease the frequency of readmissions. The authors examine 2 questions: 1) What is the 30-day readmission rate as reported in the spine literature? 2) What study factors impact the rate of 30-day readmissions? METHODS This study was registered with Prospera (CRD42014015319), and 4 electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were searched for articles. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess the current 30-day readmission rate in spine surgery. Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria. The readmission rate as well as data source, time from enrollment, sample size, demographics, procedure type and spine level, risk factors for readmission, and causes of readmission were extrapolated from each study. RESULTS The pooled 30-day readmission rate was 5.5% (95% CI 4.2%-7.4%). Studies from single institutions reported the highest 30-day readmission rate at 6.6% (95% CI 3.8%-11.1%), while multicenter studies reported the lowest at 4.7% (95% CI 2.3%-9.7%). Time from enrollment had no statistically significant effect on the 30-day readmission rate. Studies including all spinal levels had a higher 30-day readmission rate (6.1%, 95% CI 4.1%-8.9%) than exclusively lumbar studies (4.6%, 95% CI 2.5%-8.2%); however, the difference between the 2 rates was not statistically significant (p = 0.43). The most frequently reported risk factors associated with an increased odds of 30-day readmission on multivariate analysis were an American Society of Anesthesiology score of 4+, operative duration, and Medicare/Medicaid insurance. The most common cause of readmission was wound complication (39.3%). CONCLUSIONS The 30-day readmission rate following spinal surgery is

  19. Paediatric day-case neurosurgery in a resource challenged setting: Pattern and practice

    PubMed Central

    Owojuyigbe, Afolabi Muyiwa; Komolafe, Edward O.; Adenekan, Anthony T.; Dada, Muyiwa A.; Onyia, Chiazor U.; Ogunbameru, Ibironke O.; Owagbemi, Oluwafemi F.; Talabi, Ademola O.; Faponle, Fola A.

    2016-01-01

    Background: It has been generally observed that children achieve better convalescence in the home environment especially if discharged same day after surgery. This is probably due to the fact that children generally tend to feel more at ease in the home environment than in the hospital setting. Only few tertiary health institutions provide routine day-case surgery for paediatric neurosurgical patients in our sub-region. Objective: To review the pattern and practice of paediatric neurosurgical day-cases at our hospital. Patients and Methods: A prospective study of all paediatric day-case neurosurgeries carried out between June 2011 and June 2014. Results: A total of 53 patients (34 males and 19 females) with age ranging from 2 days to 14 years were seen. Majority of the patients (77.4%) presented with congenital lesions, and the most common procedure carried out was spina bifida repair (32%) followed by ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion (26.4%) for hydrocephalus. Sixty-eight percentage belonged to the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status class 2, whereas the rest (32%) belonged to class 1. General anaesthesia was employed in 83% of cases. Parenteral paracetamol was used for intra-operative analgesia for most of the patients. Two patients had post-operative nausea and vomiting and were successfully managed. There was no case of emergency re-operation, unplanned admission, cancellation or mortality. Conclusion: Paediatric day-case neurosurgery is feasible in our environment. With careful patient selection and adequate pre-operative preparation, good outcome can be achieved. PMID:27251657

  20. Discharge to a rehabilitation facility is associated with decreased 30-day readmission in elective spinal surgery.

    PubMed

    Abt, Nicholas B; McCutcheon, Brandon A; Kerezoudis, Panagiotis; Murphy, Meghan; Rinaldo, Lorenzo; Fogelson, Jeremy; Nassr, Ahmad; Currier, Bradford L; Bydon, Mohamad

    2017-02-01

    The aim of our study was to determine independent predictors of discharge disposition to rehabilitation or skilled care (SC) facilities and investigate whether discharge location is associated with unplanned readmission and/or reoperation rates. All elective spinal surgery patients in a national surgical registry were analyzed using between 2011 and 2012. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to assess for predictors of discharge to rehabilitation or SC facilities versus home as well as to determine whether discharge disposition was significantly associated with the 30-day unplanned readmission or reoperation. Of 34,023 elective spinal surgery patients, the distribution of discharge locations was as follows: 30,606 (90.0%) discharged home, 1674 (4.9%) discharged to rehabilitation, and 1743 (5.1%) discharged to SC. Patients discharged home were associated with the lowest complication rate relative to rehabilitation and SC facilities. Following multivariable regression analysis, there was a significant increase in the odds of discharge to rehabilitation associated with age, male gender, current smoking, ASA class three and four, history of diabetes, operative time, total hospital length of stay, preoperative neurologic morbidity and having at least one postoperative morbidity event. Moreover, there were 804 (4.06%) 30-day unplanned readmissions and 822 (2.45%) unplanned reoperations. After risk adjustment, discharge to rehabilitation was independently associated with decreased odds of 30-day unplanned readmission (OR=0.41; p=0.008) but not reoperation.

  1. Sedation in oral and maxillofacial day care surgery: A comparative study between intravenous dexmedetomidine and midazolam

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, Niranjan; Birmiwal, Krishna Gopal; Pani, Nibedita; Raut, Subhrajit; Sharma, Gaurav; Rath, Krushna Chandra

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Sedation is an important component of day care oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures under local anesthesia. Although various sedative drugs in different regimens have been used for sedation, an ideal agent and regimen are yet to be established. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of intravenous (IV) dexmedetomidine and midazolam as a sedative agent for day care oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures. Settings: The study was conducted in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, SCB Dental College and Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India. Materials and Methods: A total of sixty adult patients of age group 18–65 years, of either sex were randomly selected equally in two groups for the study. One group named Group D received dexmedetomidine and the other named Group M received midazolam. Patients were evaluated for oxygen saturation (SPO2), respiration rate (RR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), Ramsay sedation score, bispectral index (BIS) score, amnesia, Aldrete score, relaxation during the surgery, and drug preference. Results: Midazolam was associated with greater amnesia. Dexmedetomidine was associated with lower heart rate, SBP, and DBP. There was no significant difference in SPO2, RR, Aldrete score, Ramsay sedation score, and BIS score between the two drugs. Patient preference and relaxation were more in dexmedetomidine group. Conclusion: IV dexmedetomidine is a comparable alternative to midazolam for sedation in day care oral and maxillofacial surgery under local anesthesia. It is the preferred drug when a lower heart rate and blood pressure or less amnesia is needed without any serious side effects.

  2. Enhancing Medical Curricula: The Role of a 1-Day Plastic Surgery Course as an Educational Adjunct for Medical Students.

    PubMed

    Spiers, Harry V M; Zargaran, Alexander; Murtaza, Aasim Nisar; Thomas, Amal; Turki, Mohammed Adil A; Ali, Farida

    2017-07-13

    Plastic surgery is underrepresented in medical school curricula. The St George׳s Surgical Society hosted a 1-day undergraduate course in plastic surgery. Our aim was to introduce students to plastic surgery and teach basic plastic surgical skills. The skills day consisted of lectures from consultants and a core trainee followed by registrar-taught workshops in suturing, tendon repair, and local flap design. Precourse and postcourse questionnaires assessed perceptions of plastic surgery, confidence in performing basic plastic surgical skills, and usefulness of course components. Many perceptions of plastic surgery saw statistically significant changes. The belief that plastic surgery covers a wide range of specialties increased by 36% (p = 0.01). A -32% change (p = 0.00) was seen in the perception of plastic surgery only being pursued as a career for financial gain. Delegates reported greater confidence in all components of basic plastic surgical skills. The most useful activity was reported as performing surgical skills on real tissue. A 1-day course can significantly increase positive perceptions of plastic surgery, dispel preconceived false stereotypes, while improving student confidence in performing basic plastic surgery skills. It is important that university surgical societies provide opportunities for student education, to aid informed decisions about future careers. Copyright © 2017 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. The impact of obesity on the 30-day morbidity and mortality after surgery for endometrial cancer.

    PubMed

    Mahdi, Haider; Jernigan, Amelia M; Aljebori, Qataralnada; Lockhart, David; Moslemi-Kebria, Mehdi

    2015-01-01

    To examine the effect of body mass index (BMI) on postoperative 30-day morbidity and mortality after surgery to treat endometrial cancer. Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Patients with endometrial cancer who underwent surgery from 2005 to 2011. Women were grouped according to weight, as follows: normal weight (BMI 18 to <30), obese (BMI 30 to <40), and morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 40). Univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were analyzed. Of 3947 patients, 38% were of normal weight, 38% were obese, and 24% were morbidly obese. Of these, 48% underwent laparoscopy and 52% underwent laparotomy. Overall 30-day morbidity and mortality were 13% and 0.7%, respectively. Obesity and morbid obesity were associated with a higher American Society of Anesthesiologists class, diabetes, and hypertension. Preoperatively, elevated serum creatinine concentration, hypoalbuminemia, and leukocytosis were more common in morbidly obese women than those of normal weight. Laparoscopic surgery was performed less frequently in morbidly obese women than in those of normal weight (42.5% vs 50%; p = .001). Morbidly obese patients were more likely to develop postoperative complications (morbidly obese 16% vs normal weight 13% vs obese 11%; p = .001), in particular surgical (morbidly obese 14% vs normal weight 11% vs obese 9%; p < .001) and infectious complications (morbidly obese 10% vs normal weight 5% vs obese 5%; p = .01). After laparotomy, morbidly obese women demonstrated a higher rate of any complication (normal weight 21%, obese 18%, morbidly obese 25%; p = .002), surgical complications (normal weight 18%, obese 14%, morbidly obese 22%; p = .002) and infectious complications (normal weight 6%, obese 10%, morbidly obese 16%; p < .001). After laparoscopy there was no difference in complication rates according to BMI group. The 30-day mortality was not significantly different according to BMI

  4. Perceived quality in Day Surgery Units Proposal of an enquiry postoperative questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Palumbo, Piergaspare; Perotti, Bruno; Amatucci, Chiara; Pangrazi, Maria Pia; Leuzzi, Barbara; Vietri, Francesco; Illuminati, Giulio

    2016-01-01

    La soddisfazione dei pazienti assume particolare importanza nell’attività chirurgica in Day Surgery, al fine di mantenere ed incrementare la domanda di prestazioni da parte dell’utenza ed inoltre di valutare le abilità e le competenze dello staff clinico dedicato. Sono stati valutati i risultati di un questionario somministrato dal 2007 al 2012, divisi in due gruppi, alla dimissione e a 30 giorni dall’intervento. Tali risultati hanno permesso di valutare i principali vantaggi e limiti del questionario in termini di comprensibilità, di corretto timing di somministrazione, e di utilità per lo staff clinico.

  5. A 31-day time to surgery compliant exercise training programme improves aerobic health in the elderly.

    PubMed

    Boereboom, C L; Phillips, B E; Williams, J P; Lund, J N

    2016-06-01

    Over 41,000 people were diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) in the UK in 2011. The incidence of CRC increases with age. Many elderly patients undergo surgery for CRC, the only curative treatment. Such patients are exposed to risks, which increase with age and reduced physical fitness. Endurance-based exercise training programmes can improve physical fitness, but such programmes do not comply with the UK, National Cancer Action Team 31-day time-to-treatment target. High-intensity interval training (HIT) can improve physical performance within 2-4 weeks, but few studies have shown HIT to be effective in elderly individuals, and those who do employ programmes longer than 31 days. Therefore, we investigated whether HIT could improve cardiorespiratory fitness in elderly volunteers, age-matched to a CRC population, within 31 days. This observational cohort study recruited 21 healthy elderly participants (8 male and 13 female; age 67 years (range 62-73 years)) who undertook cardiopulmonary exercise testing before and after completing 12 sessions of HIT within a 31-day period. Peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) (23.9 ± 4.7 vs. 26.2 ± 5.4 ml/kg/min, p = 0.0014) and oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold (17.86 ± 4.45 vs. 20.21 ± 4.11 ml/kg/min, p = 0.008) increased after HIT. It is possible to improve cardiorespiratory fitness in 31 days in individuals of comparable age to those presenting for CRC surgery.

  6. "Like a trip to McDonalds": a grounded theory study of patient experiences of day surgery.

    PubMed

    Mottram, Anne

    2011-02-01

    The amount and complexity of (ambulatory) day surgery is rapidly expanding internationally. Nurses have a responsibility to provide quality care for day surgery patients. To do this they must understand all aspects of the patient experience. There is dearth of research into day surgery using a sociological frame of reference. The study investigated patients' experiences of day surgery using a sociological frame of reference. A qualitative study using the grounded theory approach was used. The study was based in two day surgery units in two urban public hospitals in the United Kingdom. 145 patients aged 18-70 years and 100 carers were purposely selected from the orthopaedic, ear nose and throat and general surgical lists. They were all English speaking and were of varied socio-economic background. The data was collected from 2004 to 2006. Semi-structured interviews were conducted on three occasions: before surgery, 48 h following surgery and one month following discharge. Permission was received from the Local Research Ethics Committee. Analysis of the data involved line-by-line analysis, compilation of key words and phrases (codes) and constant comparison of the codes until categories emerged. Patients liked day surgery and placed it within the wider societal context of efficiency and speed. Time was a major issue for them. They wished surgery, like all other aspects of their life to be a speedy process. They likened it to a McDonald's experience with its emphasis on speed, predictability and control. This study throws new light on patient experiences and offers an understanding of day surgery against a western culture which emphasises the importance of speed and efficiency. It is a popular choice for patients but at times it can be seen to be a mechanistic way of providing care. The implications for nurses to provide education and information to add to the quality of the patient experience are discussed. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Biodentine pulpotomy several days after pulp exposure: Four case reports

    PubMed Central

    Borkar, Swati A.; Ataide, Ida

    2015-01-01

    Conventionally, few-days-old pulp exposures have been treated with root canal treatment. We report four cases of traumatized, fully matured, maxillary permanent central incisors, which have been treated by Biodentine pulpotomy several days after traumatic pulp exposure. Biodentine pulpotomy consisted of pulp tissue removal to a depth of 2 mm, then capping the pulpal wound with Biodentine, followed by immediate restoration. The teeth were assessed clinically through pulpal sensitivity tests and radiographically for periapical healing. At each recall (24 hours, 1 week, 30 days, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months), no spontaneous pain was observed; the pulp showed signs of vitality and absence of periapical radiolucency after 18 months. Biodentine pulpotomy is recommended as a treatment option for cases of vital pulp exposure in permanent incisors due to trauma. PMID:25657533

  8. Biodentine pulpotomy several days after pulp exposure: Four case reports.

    PubMed

    Borkar, Swati A; Ataide, Ida

    2015-01-01

    Conventionally, few-days-old pulp exposures have been treated with root canal treatment. We report four cases of traumatized, fully matured, maxillary permanent central incisors, which have been treated by Biodentine pulpotomy several days after traumatic pulp exposure. Biodentine pulpotomy consisted of pulp tissue removal to a depth of 2 mm, then capping the pulpal wound with Biodentine, followed by immediate restoration. The teeth were assessed clinically through pulpal sensitivity tests and radiographically for periapical healing. At each recall (24 hours, 1 week, 30 days, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months), no spontaneous pain was observed; the pulp showed signs of vitality and absence of periapical radiolucency after 18 months. Biodentine pulpotomy is recommended as a treatment option for cases of vital pulp exposure in permanent incisors due to trauma.

  9. The risk of cardiorespiratory deaths persists beyond 30 days after proximal femoral fracture surgery.

    PubMed

    Khan, Sameer K; Rushton, Stephen P; Shields, David W; Corsar, Kenneth G; Refaie, Ramsay; Gray, Andrew C; Deehan, David J

    2015-02-01

    30-day mortality is routinely used to assess proximal femoral fracture care, though patients might remain at risk for poor outcome for longer. This work has examined the survivorship out to one year of a consecutive series of patients admitted for proximal femoral fracture to a single institution. We wished to quantify the temporal impact of fracture upon mortality, and also the influence of patient age, gender, surgical delay and length of stay on mortality from both cardiorespiratory and non-cardiorespiratory causes. Data were analysed for 561 consecutive patients with 565 fragility type proximal femoral fractures treated surgically at our trauma unit. Dates and causes of death were obtained from death certificates and also linked to data from the Office of National Statistics. Mortality rates and causes were collated for two time periods: day 0-30, and day 31-365. Cumulative incidence analysis showed that mortality due to cardiorespiratory causes (pneumonia, myocardial infarction, cardiac failure) rose steeply to around 100 days after surgery and then flattened reaching approximately 12% by 1 year. Mortality from non-cardiorespiratory causes (kidney failure, stroke, sepsis etc.) was more progressive, but with a rate half of that of cardiorespiratory causes. Progressive modelling of mortality risks revealed that cardiorespiratory deaths were associated with advancing age and male gender (p<0.001 for both), but the effect of age declined after 100 days. Non-cardiorespiratory deaths were not time-dependent. We believe this analysis extends our understanding of the temporal impact of proximal femoral fracture and its surgical management upon outcome beyond the previously accepted standard (30 days) and supports the use of a new, more relevant timescale for this high risk group of patients. It also highlights the need for planning and continuing physiotherapy, respiratory exercises and other chest-protective measures from 31 to 100 days. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier

  10. Variability in elective day-surgery rates between Belgian hospitals - Analyses of administrative data explained by surgical experts.

    PubMed

    Leroy, Roos; Camberlin, Cécile; Lefèvre, Mélanie; Van den Heede, Koen; Van de Voorde, Carine; Beguin, Claire

    2017-09-01

    In the last decades, day surgery has steadily and significantly grown in many countries, yet the increase has been uneven. There are large variations in day-surgery activity between countries, but also within countries between hospitals and surgeons. This paper explores the variability in day-care activity for elective surgical procedures between Belgian hospitals. The administrative hospital data of all patients formally admitted in a Belgian hospital for inpatient or day-care surgery between 2011 and 2013 were analysed and summarized in graphs. During 11 expert meetings with ad-hoc surgical expert groups the variability in day-surgery share between hospitals was discussed in depth. The variability in day-care share between Belgian hospitals is considerable. For 37 out of 486 elective surgical procedures, the variability ranged between 0 and 100%. High national day-care rates do not preclude room for improvement for certain hospitals as for the majority of these procedures there are "low performers". According to the consulted clinical experts, the high variability in day-care share may for the greater part be explained by medical team related factors, customs and traditions, the lack of clinical guidelines, financial factors, organisational factors and patient related factors. If a further expansion of day surgery is envisaged in Belgium the factors that contribute to the current variability in day-surgery rates between hospitals should be addressed. In addition, a feedback system in which hospitals and health care providers have the figures on their percentage of procedures carried out in day surgery compared to other hospitals and care providers (benchmarking) and the monitoring of a number of quality indicators (e.g. unplanned readmission, unplanned inpatient stay, emergency department visit) should be installed. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Extent of Surgery Does Not Influence 30-Day Mortality in Surgery for Metastatic Bone Disease: An Observational Study of a Historical Cohort.

    PubMed

    Sørensen, Michala Skovlund; Hindsø, Klaus; Hovgaard, Thea Bechmann; Petersen, Michael Mørk

    2016-04-01

    Estimating patient survival has hitherto been the main focus when treating metastatic bone disease (MBD) in the appendicular skeleton. This has been done in an attempt to allocate the patient to a surgical procedure that outlives them. No questions have been addressed as to whether the extent of the surgery and thus the surgical trauma reduces survival in this patient group. We wanted to evaluate if perioperative parameters such as blood loss, extent of bone resection, and duration of surgery were risk factors for 30-day mortality in patients having surgery due to MBD in the appendicular skeleton. We retrospectively identified 270 consecutive patients who underwent joint replacement surgery or intercalary spacing for skeletal metastases in the appendicular skeleton from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2013. We collected intraoperative (duration of surgery, extent of bone resection, and blood loss), demographic (age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologist score [ASA score], and Karnofsky score), and disease-specific (primary cancer) variables. An association with 30-day mortality was addressed using univariate and multivariable analyses and calculation of odds ratio (OR). All patients were included in the analysis. ASA score 3 + 4 (OR 4.16 [95% confidence interval, CI, 1.80-10.85], P = 0.002) and Karnofsky performance status below 70 (OR 7.34 [95% CI 3.16-19.20], P < 0.001) were associated with increased 30-day mortality in univariate analysis. This did not change in multivariable analysis. No parameters describing the extent of the surgical trauma were found to be associated with 30-day mortality. The 30-day mortality in patients undergoing surgery for MBD is highly dependent on the general health status of the patients as measured by the ASA score and the Karnofsky performance status. The extent of surgery, measured as duration of surgery, blood loss, and degree of bone resection were not associated with 30-day mortality.

  12. A Study to Determine the Feasibility of Implementing Same-Day Surgery at Brooke Army Medical Center

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-02-01

    satisfactorily. C0 Patients are usually requested to arrive at the same-day 0 surgery reception desk on the day of surgery thirty to ninety 0 i minutes before...personnel costs may be prohibitive. 5 HSC Panm 40-7-3 PATIENT GOWNING, m"U0A RECEPTION / PREPARATION A ANESTHETIC 0 M ADMISSION HOLDING QIE NO0 Z9Z...with aspiration or tubal ligation) Epis lotomy *Four quadrant endometrial biopsy *Htymenectomy *Hymenotomy Hysterosal pinqogram Laparoscopy with or

  13. Increased intraocular pressure on the first postoperative day following resident-performed cataract surgery

    PubMed Central

    Kim, J Y; Jo, M-W; Brauner, S C; Ferrufino-Ponce, Z; Ali, R; Cremers, S L; An Henderson, B

    2011-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation after resident-performed cataract surgery and to determine variables, which influence postoperative day 1 (POD1) IOP. Methods In all, 1111 consecutive cataract surgeries performed only by training residents between 1 July 2001 and 30 June 2006 were included. Elevated IOP was defined as ≥23 mm Hg. Surgeries were classified according to the presence of POD1-IOP elevation. Fisher's exact test and Student t-test were used to compare both groups. Multivariate analyses using generalized estimating equations were performed to investigate predictor variables associated with POD1-IOP elevation. Results The average preoperative IOP was 16.0±3.2 mm Hg and the average POD1-IOP was 19.3±7.1 mm Hg, reflecting a significant increase in IOP (P<0.001, paired t-test). The incidence of POD1-IOP elevation ≥23 mm Hg was 22.0% (244/1111). Presence of glaucoma and ocular hypertension, higher preoperative IOP, and longer axial length were frequently encountered variables in the POD1-IOP elevation group (all P<0.05). Using a multivariate analysis, presence of glaucoma (P=0.004, OR=2.38; 95% confidence interval (95% CI)=1.31–4.30), presence of ocular hypertension (P=0.003, OR=6.09; 95% CI=1.81–20.47), higher preoperative IOP (P<0.001, OR=3.73; 95% CI=1.92–7.25), and longer axial length (P=0.01, OR=1.15; 95% CI=1.03–1.29) were significant predictive factors for POD1-IOP elevation. Conclusions IOP elevation on the first postoperative day following resident-performed cataract surgery occurred frequently (22.0%). Increased early postoperative IOP was associated with presence of glaucoma and ocular hypertension, higher preoperative IOP, and longer axial length. PMID:21527959

  14. The role of day one postoperative review of intraocular pressure in modern vitrectomy surgery.

    PubMed

    Brennan, Nicholas; Reekie, Ian; Ezra, Eric; Barton, Keith; Viswanathan, Ananth; Muqit, Mahiul Mk

    2017-09-01

    With the introduction of sutureless 23-gauge (23G) vitrectomy, the risks for elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and the need for day 1 review of IOP are less certain. To assess current practice for postoperative review in the vitreoretinal service at a large tertiary referral centre; to assess whether day 1 review detected complications altering patient management; to identify risk factors for IOP spikes postvitrectomy. Retrospective, consecutive case note review of all patients undergoing 23G vitrectomy at the study institution between April and June 2013. Patients had assessment at either day 1, week 2 and month 2 or week 2 and month 2. Linear regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for IOP elevation. 200 (89%) cases met inclusion criteria. Of these, 176 (89.3%) had day 1 review, 24 (12%) were seen at week 2. Mean follow-up was 120 days (range 20-360). Two cases (1%) required urgent surgical intervention due to early IOP complications. Combined laser was the only risk factor for a day 1 IOP spike (p=0.005). In total, 44 patients (22%) were treated for elevated IOP within 2 weeks following vitrectomy. No long-term complications were detected in these patients. Day 1 review detected adverse events in 0.5% of study patients. No long-term complications were reported in the 22% of patients who received treatment for early postoperative IOP elevation. This observation has led to the removal of routine day 1 review from the surgical care pathway following routine uncomplicated vitrectomy at the study institution. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  15. Microsurgery flap in endodontic surgery: case report

    PubMed Central

    CECCHETTI, F.; RICCI, S.; DI GIORGIO, G.; PISACANE, C.; OTTRIA, L.

    2009-01-01

    SUMMARY In periodontal plastic surgery it is increasingly more evident the relavance of the protection of the gingival marginal anatomy through the realization of a conservative flap. Minimizing the recession of the treated tissue. A correct healing always needs to take into account the diameter and type of the suture and the time of removal from the wound. PMID:23285354

  16. Microsurgery flap in endodontic surgery: case report.

    PubMed

    Cecchetti, F; Ricci, S; DI Giorgio, G; Pisacane, C; Ottria, L

    2009-01-01

    In periodontal plastic surgery it is increasingly more evident the relavance of the protection of the gingival marginal anatomy through the realization of a conservative flap. Minimizing the recession of the treated tissue. A correct healing always needs to take into account the diameter and type of the suture and the time of removal from the wound.

  17. Pediatric transoral robotic surgery for oropharyngeal malignancy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Wine, Todd M; Duvvuri, Umamaheswar; Maurer, Scott H; Mehta, Deepak K

    2013-07-01

    The treatment of oropharyngeal malignancy is associated with numerous functional morbidities. Transoral robotic surgery has been used with increased frequency in adult oropharyngeal malignancy. The benefits include decreased surgical morbidity and improved functional outcomes. Use of transoral robotic has been limited in children. This case represents our experience with a 17-month old child who was diagnosed with a high-grade undifferentiated sarcoma of the soft palate. She was able to be successfully treated with transoral robotic surgery as a part of her multimodal therapy, representing the first case of transoral robotic surgery for an oropharyngeal malignancy in a young child. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Incidence And Risk Factors For 30-Day Readmissions After Hip Fracture Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Christopher T; Gao, Yubo; Pugely, Andrew J.

    2016-01-01

    Background Unplanned hospital readmission following orthopedic procedures results in significant expenditures for the Medicare population. In order to reduce expenditures, hospital readmission has become an important quality metric for Medicare patients. The purpose of the present study is to determine the incidence and risk factors for 30-day readmissions after hip fracture surgery. Methods Patients over the age of 18 years who underwent hip fracture surgery, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF), intramedullary nailing, hemi-arthroplasty, or total hip arthroplasty, between the years 2012 and 2013 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality improvement Program (NSQIP) database. Overall, 17,765 patients were identified. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed in order to determine patient and surgical factors associated with 30-day readmission. Results There were 1503 patients (8.4%) readmitted within 30-days of their index procedure. Of the patients with a reason listed for readmission, 27.4% were for procedurally related reasons, including wound complications (16%), peri-prosthetic fractures (4.5%) and prosthetic dislocations (6%). 72.6% of readmissions were for medical reasons, including sepsis (7%), pneumonia (14%), urinary tract infection (6.3%), myocardial infarction (2.7%), renal failure (2.7%), and stroke (2.3%). In the subsequent multivariate analysis, pre-operative dyspnea, COPD, hypertension, disseminated cancer, a bleeding disorder, pre-operative hematocrit of <36, pre-operative creatinine of >1.2, an ASA class of 3 or 4, and the operative procedure type were each independently associated with readmissions risk (p<0.05 for each). Conclusions The overall rate of readmission following hip fracture surgery was moderate. Surgeons should consider discharge optimization in the at risk cohorts identified here, particularly patients with multiple medical comorbidities or an elevated ASA class, and

  19. Impact of Public Reporting of 30-day Mortality on Timing of Death after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery.

    PubMed

    Hua, May; Scales, Damon C; Cooper, Zara; Pinto, Ruxandra; Moitra, Vivek; Wunsch, Hannah

    2017-09-13

    Recent reports have raised concerns that public reporting of 30-day mortality after cardiac surgery may delay decisions to withdraw life-sustaining therapies for some patients. The authors sought to examine whether timing of mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery significantly increases after day 30 in Massachusetts, a state that reports 30-day mortality. The authors used New York as a comparator state, which reports combined 30-day and all in-hospital mortality, irrespective of time since surgery. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery in hospitals in Massachusetts and New York between 2008 and 2013. The authors calculated the empiric daily hazard of in-hospital death without censoring on hospital discharge, and they used joinpoint regression to identify significant changes in the daily hazard over time. In Massachusetts and New York, 24,864 and 63,323 patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, respectively. In-hospital mortality was low, with 524 deaths (2.1%) in Massachusetts and 1,398 (2.2%) in New York. Joinpoint regression did not identify a change in the daily hazard of in-hospital death at day 30 or 31 in either state; significant joinpoints were identified on day 10 (95% CI, 7 to 15) for Massachusetts and days 2 (95% CI, 2 to 3) and 12 (95% CI, 8 to 15) for New York. In Massachusetts, a state with a long history of publicly reporting cardiac surgery outcomes at day 30, the authors found no evidence of increased mortality occurring immediately after day 30 for patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. These findings suggest that delays in withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy do not routinely occur as an unintended consequence of this type of public reporting.

  20. Risk Factors and Indications for 30-Day Readmission After Primary Surgery for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

    PubMed Central

    AlHilli, Mariam; Langstraat, Carrie; Tran, Christine; Martin, Janice; Weaver, Amy; McGree, Michaela; Mariani, Andrea; Cliby, William; Bakkum-Gamez, Jamie

    2015-01-01

    Background To identify patients at risk for postoperative morbidities, we evaluated indications and factors associated with 30-day readmission after epithelial ovarian cancer surgery. Methods Patients undergoing primary surgery for epithelial ovarian cancer between January 2, 2003, and December 29, 2008, were evaluated. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were fit to identify factors associated with 30-day readmission. A parsimonious multivariable model was identified using backward and stepwise variable selection. Results In total, 324 (60.2%) patients were stage III and 91 (16.9%) were stage IV. Of all 538 eligible patients, 104 (19.3%) were readmitted within 30 days. Cytoreduction to no residual disease was achieved in 300 (55.8%) patients, and 167 (31.0%) had measurable disease (≤1 cm residual disease). The most common indications for readmission were surgical site infection (SSI; 21.2%), pleural effusion/ascites management (14.4%), and thromboembolic events (12.5%). Multivariate analysis identified American Society of Anesthesiologists score of 3 or higher (odds ratio, 1.85; 95% confidence interval, 1.18–2.89; P = 0.007), ascites [1.76 (1.11–2.81); P = 0.02], and postoperative complications during initial admission [grade 3–5 vs none, 2.47 (1.19–5.16); grade 1 vs none, 2.19 (0.98–4.85); grade 2 vs none, 1.28 (0.74–2.21); P = 0.048] to be independently associated with 30-day readmission (c-index = 0.625). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was the sole predictor of readmission for SSI (odds ratio, 3.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.07–4.33; P = 0.04). Conclusions Clinically significant risk factors for 30-day readmission include American Society of Anesthesiologists score of 3 or higher, ascites and postoperative complications at initial admission. The SSI and pleural effusions/ascites are common indications for readmission. Systems can be developed to predict patients needing outpatient management, improve care, and reduce

  1. Identifying children at risk of death within 30 days of surgery at an NSQIP pediatric hospital.

    PubMed

    Langham, Max R; Walter, Arianne; Boswell, Timothy C; Beck, Robert; Jones, Tamekia L

    2015-12-01

    Informed consent for operative procedures performed on children relies on the ability of the surgeon to estimate and describe accurately the risks and benefits of the planned operation to the parents. Understanding patient-specific risks is also an important prerequisite for surgeons and hospital administrators who wish to change hospital processes and improve patient safety. This study tests the feasibility of estimating the risk of death within 30 days of surgery using National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP)-Pediatric data from a single children's hospital. Patient data submitted to NSQIP-Pediatric from our hospital were analyzed to identify variables predictive of death within 30 days of operation. A multiple logistic regression model was constructed using 3 years of data and validated using data submitted the following year. The model was then tested using the participant use file provided by NSQIP-Pediatric for 2012. The model identified 7 variables predictive of death: neonatal status, respiratory support, inotropic support, having a blood disorder, cerebrovascular injury, previous cardiac intervention, and the work relative value unit for the procedure. The resulting final model had a c statistic = 0.97. It is possible for a participating children's hospital to use NSQIP-Pediatric data to develop risk models for patient mortality occurring within 30 days of operation at their institution. The model presented may be generalizable to other institutions, but needs further testing and refining. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Ambulatory surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism: A 67-case series.

    PubMed

    Culié, D; Pescetto, B; Dassonville, O; Guevara, N; Benisvy, D; Santini, J

    2017-10-01

    Surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism, targeted by ultrasound and scintigraphy, satisfies the theoretical criteria allowing ambulatory surgery. The purpose of this study was to validate this strategy on a homogeneous case series assessed by this imaging strategy. All patients operated for primary hyperparathyroidism by ambulatory surgery from 01/01/13 to 30/04/15 were included in this retrospective study. The usual endpoints of ambulatory surgery were evaluated. A total of 144 patients were operated for primary hyperparathyroidism during the study period. Ambulatory surgery was possible in 67 patients, who all had a preoperative diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma. All patients were assessed by ultrasound and 66 patients were assessed by sestamibi scintigraphy, resulting in targeted unilateral neck surgery in 98.5% of cases. Two patients had to be hospitalised overnight due to minor complications. Surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism can be performed with short operating times in carefully selected patients with a low complication rate, thereby allowing ambulatory surgery. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. A Case of Unexpected Symptomatic Vasospasm after Clipping Surgery for an Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Hashimoto, Hiroaki; Kameda, Masahiro; Yasuhara, Takao; Date, Isao

    2016-03-01

    Delayed symptomatic vasospasm after clipping surgery for unruptured aneurysm is rarely reported. We report a case of a 62-year-old woman who presented with symptomatic vasospasm 11 days after clipping surgery for an unruptured aneurysm. We could not predict the existence of vasospasm until ischemic symptoms developed. We retrospectively found mild vasospasm in the computed tomography angiogram taken 8 days after the operation. The patient complained of a prolonged unexpected headache 1 week after the operation. We should recognize prolonged unexpected headache as a warning sign of vasospasm.

  4. Orthognathic surgery in pycnodysostosis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Hernández-Alfaro, F; Arenaz Búa, J; Serra Serrat, M; Mareque Bueno, J

    2011-01-01

    Pycnodysostosis is an extremely rare genetic osteosclerosis caused by cathepsin K deficiency. It is a human autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized mainly by osteosclerosis of the skeleton due to decreased bone turnover. It is characterized by short stature, brachycephaly, short and stubby fingers, open cranial sutures and fontanelle, and diffuse osteosclerosis. Multiple fractures of the long bones and osteomyelitis of the jaw are frequent complications. The authors describe an 18-year-old girl with a clinical and radiological diagnosis of pycnodysostosis and the ortho-surgical treatment undertaken. Bimaxillary orthognathic surgery was carried out using rigid fixation and bone grafts. The authors recommend bimaxillary orthognathic surgery as a choice for treating the dentofacial deformities of pycnodysostosis, emphasizing the good and stable results obtained in terms of facial aesthetics and occlusion. Copyright © 2010 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. [Paediatric one-stop surgery: a series of 75 cases].

    PubMed

    López Alvarez-Buhilla, P; Astigarraga Aguirre, I; Torres Piedra, C; Azcona Zorrilla, M I; Olaizola Mendibil, A; Latorre Guisasola, M

    2009-01-01

    By one-stop surgery is meant the performing of both the pre-surgery assessment and the surgical procedure on the same day. We report our experience with a pilot study on one-stop surgery in the province of Bizkaia, with a population of 124,494 children aged 1 to 14 years old. Under the new scheme, the patient average of four visits to the hospital outpatient clinics was cut down to only one. Diagnosis and pre-surgery assessments were made by the children's Primary Care Paediatricians at their NHS clinics. Seventy-five children were treated over 10 months. They had abdominal wall, genital or soft tissue surgery. Only two developed minor complications. Families were generally satisfied with the quality of the medical care received as shown by a survey: 32.7% scored it as "excellent", 36.2% "very good", 24.1% "good" and 3.4% "medium". We think that one-stop surgery is a breakthrough in ambulatory surgery. Not only does it dramatically lower the number of visits to hospital outpatient clinics, but also the waiting time for surgery, the costs, and the surgeon's workload, and helps streamline the Public Health Services and the quality of the medical care as perceived by both patients and families. Ensuring a close relationship between Paediatric Surgeons and Primary Care Paediatricians is paramount.

  6. The clinical effect of LLLT in endodontic surgery: a prospective study on 72 cases.

    PubMed

    Payer, Michael; Jakse, Norbert; Pertl, Christoph; Truschnegg, Astrid; Lechner, Evelyn; Eskici, Antranik

    2005-09-01

    The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate a possible clinical benefit of LLLT in endodontic surgery. Seventy-two endosurgery cases on incisors and premolars were included to the study and were split randomly into an LLLT test group, a placebo group, and a control group. In the LLLT group, irradiation was performed intraoperatively and postoperatively 1, 3, and 7 days after surgery. In the placebo group, irradiation was performed without laser activation. In the control group, neither LLLT nor placebo therapy was used. Swelling, wound healing, and pain were evaluated by a blinded investigator 1, 3, and 7 days postoperatively. No statistically relevant differences between the LLLT and the placebo groups were found. Patients in the control group reported on statistically relevant stronger pain. In routine endodontic surgery cases, LLLT does not achieve a significant clinical benefit. Further, the results indicate a prominent placebo effect of the soft laser therapy.

  7. A Comprehensive Analysis of the Causes and Predictors of 30-Day Mortality Following Hip Fracture Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Hossain, Fahad Siddique; Aqil, Adeel; Akinbamijo, Babawande; Mushtaq, Vhaid; Kapoor, Harish

    2017-01-01

    Background A fracture neck of femur is the leading cause of injury-related mortality in the elderly population. The 30-day mortality figure is a well utilised marker of clinical outcome following a fracture neck of femur. Current studies fail to analyse all patient demographic, biochemical and comorbid parameters associated with increased 30-day mortality. We aimed to assess medical risk factors for mortality, which are easily identifiable on admission for patients presenting with a fractured neck of femur. Methods A retrospective review of a prospectively populated database was undertaken to identify all consecutive patients with a fracture neck of femur between October 2008 and March 2011. All factors related to the patient, injury and surgery were identified. The primary outcome of interest was 30-day mortality. Univariate and subsequent multivariate analyses using a backward stepwise likelihood ratio Cox regression model were performed in order to establish all parameters that significantly increased the risk of death. Results A total of 1,356 patients were included in the study. The 30-day mortality was 8.7%. The most common causes of death included pneumonia, sepsis and acute myocardial infarction. Multiple regression analysis revealed male gender, increasing age, admission source other than the patient's own home, admission haemoglobin of less than 10 g/dL, a history of myocardial infarction, concomitant chest infection during admission, increasing Charlson comorbidity score and liver disease to be significant predictors of mortality. Conclusions This study has elucidated risk factors for mortality using clinical and biochemical information which are easily gathered at the point of hospitalization. These results allow for identification of vulnerable patients who may benefit from a prioritisation of resources. PMID:28261422

  8. Variability in Trauma Case Volume in Orthopedic Surgery Residents

    PubMed Central

    Blood, Travis D.; Gil, Joseph A.; Born, Christopher T.; Daniels, Alan H.

    2017-01-01

    Orthopedic trauma surgery is a critical component of resident education. Surgical case logs obtained from the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Students from 2009 to 2013 for orthopedic surgery residents were examined for variability between the 90th and 10th percentiles in regards to the volume of cases performed. There was an upward trend in the mean number of cases performed by senior residents from 484.4 in 2009 to 534.5 in 2013, representing a 10.3% increase. There was a statistically significant increase in the number of cases performed for humerus/elbow, forearm/wrist, and pelvis/hip during this period (P<0.05). Although the difference between the 10th and 90th percentile case volumes narrowed over the study period, the difference between these groups remained significant in 2013 (P=0.02). In 2013, all categories of trauma cases had a greater than 2.2-fold difference between the 10th and 90th percentile of residents for numbers of trauma cases performed. Although case volume is not the sole determinant of residency education and competency, evidence suggests that case volume plays a crucial role in surgeon confidence and efficiency in performing surgery. Further studies are needed to better understand the effect of this variability seen among residents performing orthopedic trauma surgery. PMID:28286621

  9. Pediatric robotic surgery: A single-institutional review of the first 100 consecutive cases.

    PubMed

    Meehan, John J; Sandler, Anthony

    2008-01-01

    Robotic surgery is a new technology which may expand the variety of operations a surgeon can perform with minimally invasive techniques. We present a retrospective review of our first 100 consecutive robotic cases in children. A three-arm robot was used with one camera arm and two instrument arms. Additional accessory ports were utilized as necessary. Two different attending surgeons performed the procedures. Twenty-four different types of procedures were completed using the robot. The majority of the procedures (89%) were abdominal procedures with 11% thoracic. No urology or cardiac procedures were performed. Age ranged from 1 day to 23 years with an average age of 8.4 years. Weight ranged from 2.2 to 103 kg with a median weight of 27.9 kg. Twenty-two patients were less than 10.0 kg. Examples of cases included gastrointestinal (GI) surgery, hepatobiliary, surgical oncology, and congenital anomalies. The overall majority of cases had never been performed minimally invasively by the authors. The overall intraoperative conversion rate to open surgery was 13%. One case (1%) was converted to thoracoscopic because of lack of domain for the articulating instruments. No conversions or complications occurred as a result of injuries from the robotic instruments. Interestingly, four abdominal cases were converted to open surgery due to equipment failures or injuries from standard laparoscopic instruments used through non-robotic accessory ports. Robotic surgery is safe and effective in children. An enormous variety of cases can be safely performed including complex cases in neonates and small children. Simple operations such as cholecystectomies have minimal advantages by using robotic technology but can serve as excellent teaching tools for residents and newcomers to this form of minimally invasive surgery (MIS). The technology is ideal for complex hepatobiliary cases and thoracic surgery, particularly solid chest masses.

  10. Robotics in hepatobiliary surgery-initial experience, first reported case series from India.

    PubMed

    Goja, S; Singh, M K; Soin, A S

    2017-01-01

    Robotic surgical system's ability to perform complex hepatobiliary surgeries is gaining momentum with outcomes similar to open surgery and advantages of minimal access surgery. The authors present their initial experience of a heterogenous spectrum of robotic hepatobiliary cases and the first reported case series from India. Retrospective review of hepatobiliary cases done robotically from February 2015 to January 2016 was done. The series has ten patients; with median age of 45 years (range 15-72). Etiologies were choledochal cyst type IVa, benign lower end common bile duct stricture (biliary reconstruction group); incidental gallbladder carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, recurrent pyogenic cholangitis, polycystic liver disease, hemangioma, liver metastases, hydatid cyst (resection group). Median operative duration was 510min; one patient needed intra-operative blood transfusion and there were no conversions to open surgery. One patient developed bile leak which was managed by biliary stenting and another thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura during post-operative period. Median length of hospital stay was 6days with average cost of robotic surgery being $1700 USD more for major hepatectomy and $900 USD more for biliary reconstruction compared to open procedure. This initial series adds to existing data on the feasibility of robotic hepatobiliary cases with inherent advantages of minimal invasive surgery, however with limitation of availability and use of devices like cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA) and higher operative cost. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  11. Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis: report of a case following heart surgery.

    PubMed

    Canlas, M S; Dillon, M L

    1977-07-01

    Clinical, laboratory, and pathologic features of a case of Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis in a 57-year-old white male following an open mitral commissurotomy are presented. This is the second reported case of Histoplasma endocarditis following surgery. Treatment with amphotericin B failed in these two cases, though cases of Histoplasmosis endocarditis have been successfully treated. The importance of early diagnosis and treatment is emphasized.

  12. Rapid prototyping in maxillofacial surgery and traumatology: case report.

    PubMed

    da Rosa, Everton Luis Santos; Oleskovicz, César Fernando; Aragão, Bruno Nogueira

    2004-01-01

    Review of the literature from 1991 to 2002 on the use of rapid prototyping in the biomedical area emphasizes the applicability of this technique to aid diagnosis and planning in Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology. A case report in which a TMJ ankylosis relapse was treated using rapid prototyping (selective laser sintering) for surgery planning is presented. After one year, the patient's buccal opening was 45 mm. Transitory paralysis of the facial nerve disappeared totally in six months.

  13. Hospital-based, acute care use among patients within 30-days of discharge after coronary artery bypass surgery

    PubMed Central

    Fox, Justin P.; Suter, Lisa G.; Wang, Karen; Wang, Yongfei; Krumholz, Harlan M.; Ross, Joseph S.

    2013-01-01

    Background There is growing interest in how frequently patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery require hospital readmission within 30-days of discharge. Readmissions, however, may not capture all hospital-based, acute care needs after discharge. The purpose of this study is to describe the frequency of and diagnoses associated with emergency department (ED) visits and hospital readmissions within 30-days of discharge following CABG surgery and to compare outcomes across hospitals. Methods Using the California State Inpatient and Emergency Department Databases, we identified all adults who underwent isolated CABG surgery between January 2005 and June 2009. We then calculated hospital's 30-day, risk-standardized readmission and ED visit rates using hierarchical generalized linear models. The correlation between hospital readmission and ED visit rates was estimated, weighting for hospital volume. Results We identified 63,911 adults who underwent isolated CABG surgery at 114 hospitals. Hospital 30-day, risk-standardized ED visit without readmission rates (median ED visit rate = 11.9%, 25th-75th percentile, 10.5%-13.7%) nearly equaled the hospital 30-day risk-standardized readmission rates (median readmission rate = 15.0%, 25th-75th percentile, 13.5%-16.5%). Both outcomes varied widely among hospitals. A composite of these outcomes, the median 30-day risk-standardized hospital-based, acute care rate was 23.9% (25th-75th percentile, 22.2%-25.5%). Post-operative infections, congestive heart failure, and chest discomfort were among the most common reasons for both readmissions and ED visits. Hospitals' 30-day risk-standardized ED visit and readmission rates were not significantly correlated (weighted correlation coefficient = -0.07, p = 0.44). Conclusions Patients discharged after CABG surgery frequently experienced ED visits and hospital readmissions within 30 days, often for similar diagnoses. Monitoring both hospital readmissions and ED visits

  14. [Same day postoperative examination after cataract surgery under local anesthesia--huge economic impact without increased risk].

    PubMed

    Naftali, Modi; Movshovitz, Ina; Jabaly, Haneen

    2014-07-01

    Cataract surgery is one of the most common surgeries in medicine. Re-evaluating the regimen for followup might save thousands of visits to the clinic and many working days every year. To check the safety of same day postoperative follow-up as a substitute for the common practice in Israel of examination on the next day. Retrospective examination of the digital files of patients after cataract surgery, who had their first postoperative examination on the same day of the surgery and the second examination after 1 week, during 2 years in a private clinic. Six hundred and sixty two files of patients were included in the study. Twenty nine had intraocular pressure (IOP) above 22 mmHg during the same day examination; 2 of those also had high pressure after 1 week. Two patients with residual lens material were re-operated one week later. Two had small corneal erosion, and one had anterior synechia; all were immediately treated in the clinic. Four patients were admitted, 3 for endophthalmitis, with no bacterial growth, and one for TASS [Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome). Two patients had vitrectomy, and 2 had conservative treatment; all ended up with good visual acuity. All 4 patients were examined after calling the surgeon complaining of visual acuity deterioration, and arrived at the hospital early with no delay in the diagnosis. A change in the follow-up regimen after cataract surgery did not increase the risk for complications. It is safe and economical and should be considered nationally.

  15. [Causal analysis and management strategies of 30-day unplanned revision surgery following single-stage posterior vertebral column resection for severe spinal deformity].

    PubMed

    Tao, Y P; Wu, J G; Ma, H S; Shao, S L; Zhang, L L; Gao, B; Li, H X

    2017-03-01

    Objective: To investigate the causes of 30-day unplanned revision surgery following one-stage posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) for severe spinal deformity and the methods of prevention and management. Methods: A total of 112 severe deformity patients underwent one-stage PVCR for surgical treatment in the 306(th) Hospital of People's Liberation Army from May 2010 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Six patients required reoperation within 30 days after PVCR, including 2 males and 4 females with average age of 21 years (ranging from 12 to 38 years). Four cases were congenital kyphoscoliosis, 1 was post-laminectomy kyphoscoliosis and 1 was post-tuberculous angular kyphosis. Three cases associated with preoperative neurologic deficit (Frankel C in 1 patient and D in 2 patients). The causes, management and outcomes of unplanned revision surgery within 30 days after PVCR were recorded. Results: The total incidence of unplanned revision surgery within 30 days following PVCR was 5.4% (6/112). There was 1 case due to cerebrospinal fluid leak, 5 cases with varying degrees of new neurologic deficits, the causes were as followed: dural buckling in 1 case, residual bone compression in 1 case, epidural hematoma compression in 2 cases, spinal subdural hematoma in 1 case. All the 6 cases underwent surgical exploration again, including further dural repair, decompression and hematoma clearance. After unplanned reoperation, 6 cases recovered completely. The average follow-up time after surgery was 30.8 months (ranging from 10 to 60 months). The major curve at coronal plane was improved from preoperative 87.7° to 34.2°, with a mean correction of 61.0% at final follow-up; the sagittal kyphosis curve was improved from preoperative 119.5° to 45.5°, with a mean correction of 61.9% at final follow-up. Two patients' neurological status improved from Frankel D to Frankel E, one patient's neurological status improved from Frankel C to Frankel E. Conclusions: One

  16. Chloroprocaine vs. articaine as spinal anaesthetics for day-case knee arthroscopy.

    PubMed

    Förster, J G; Kallio, H; Rosenberg, P H; Harilainen, A; Sandelin, J; Pitkänen, M T

    2011-03-01

    Chloroprocaine and articaine have recently gained interest as short-acting spinal anaesthetics. They have not, however, previously been compared in an ambulatory surgery setting. In this double-blind, randomised, controlled trial, adult patients (≤65 years, ASA I-II, body mass index<36 kg/m2) underwent day-case knee arthroscopy under spinal anaesthesia with either 40 mg of plain chloroprocaine (20 mg/ml) (group C40; n=39) or 60 mg of plain articaine (40 mg/ml) (group A60; n=39). Study parameters included the onset, degree, and regression of both sensory and motor block. Standardised telephone interviews on the first and seventh post-operative day were aimed at detecting any untoward sequelae, e.g., transient neurologic symptoms (TNSs). The groups were comparable regarding demographic data, onset and maximal spread of spinal anaesthesia, and duration of surgery. All arthroscopies were performed successfully under spinal anaesthesia, except for one patient (C40, unforeseen delay in the start of surgery). The duration of sensory block≥dermatome L1 was significantly shorter in C40 vs. A60. Correspondingly, complete recovery was significantly faster (P<0.0001, Mann-Whitney U-test) in C40 vs. A60 for both motor [75 (60/90) vs. 135 (105/150) min] and sensory [105 (105/135) vs. 165 (135/180) min] block, respectively [data are median (25th/75th percentiles)]. No TNSs were noted. Both anaesthetics used provided a rapid onset of spinal anaesthesia of about 1 h and were satisfactory for day-case knee arthroscopy. Recovery, however, was significantly faster in group C40. The data add to earlier results that TNSs seem to be uncommon after spinal chloroprocaine and articaine. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation.

  17. Comparison of 30-day outcomes after emergency general surgery procedures: potential for targeted improvement.

    PubMed

    Ingraham, Angela M; Cohen, Mark E; Bilimoria, Karl Y; Raval, Mehul V; Ko, Clifford Y; Nathens, Avery B; Hall, Bruce L

    2010-08-01

    Patients who undergo emergency operations represent a high-risk population and have been shown to have a high risk of poor outcomes. Little is known, however, about the variability in the quality of emergency general surgical care across hospitals or within hospitals across different procedures. The objectives of this study were to identify risk factors associated with adverse events, to compare 30-day outcomes after 3 common emergency general surgery procedures within and across hospitals, and thus, to determine whether the quality of emergency surgical care is procedure-dependent or intrinsic to other aspects of the hospital environment. Patients who underwent emergency appendectomy, cholecystectomy, or colorectal resection at 95 hospitals that submitted at least 20 of each procedure were identified in the 2005-2008 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project database. Outcomes of interest included 30-day overall morbidity and serious morbidity/mortality. Step-wise logistic regression generated patient-level predicted probabilities of an outcome. Based on the expected probabilities, observed to expected (O/E) ratios for each outcome, after each of the 3 procedures, were calculated for each hospital. Hospitals were divided into terciles based on O/E ratios. The agreement on hospital outcomes performance for overall morbidity and serious morbidity/mortality after appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and colorectal resection was assessed using weighted kappa statistics. Of the 30,788 appendectomies, 1,984 (6.44%) patients had any morbidity, and 1,140 (3.70%) patients had a serious morbidity or died. Of the 5,824 cholecystectomies, 503 (8.64%) patients had any morbidity, and 371 (6.37%) patients had a serious morbidity or died. Of the 8,990 colorectal resections, 4,202 (46.74%) patients had any morbidity, and 3,736 (41.56%) patients had a serious morbidity or died. For overall morbidity, O/E ratios for appendectomy ranged from 0.26 to 2.36; O

  18. O’ Surgery Case Log Data, Where Art Thou?

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Mayur B; Guillamondegui, Oscar D; Ott, Mickey M; Palmiter, Kimberly A; May, Addison K

    2012-01-01

    Background The American College of Surgeons Case Log (ACS Case Log) represents a data system that satisfies the American Board of Surgery (ABS) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program, yet has broad data fields for surgical subspecialties. Using the ACS Case Log, we have developed a method of data capture, categorization, and reporting of acute care surgery fellows' experiences. Study Design In July 2010, our Acute Care Surgery fellowship required our fellows to log their clinical experiences into the ACS Case Log. Cases were entered similar to billable documentation rules. Keywords were entered that specified institutional services and/or resuscitation types. This data was exported in comma separated value format, de-identified, and structured by Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes relevant to acute care surgery and sub-stratified by fellow and/or fellow year. Results Fifteen report types were created consisting of operative experience by service, procedure by major category (cardiothoracic, vascular, solid organ, abdominal wall, hollow viscus, and soft tissue), total resuscitations, ultrasound, airway, Intensive Care Unit services, basic neurosurgery, and basic orthopaedics. Results are viewable via a secure web application, accessible nationally, and exportable to many formats. Conclusions Utilizing the ACS Case Log satisfies the ABS MOC program requirements and provides a method for monitoring and reporting acute care surgery fellow experiences. This system is flexible to accommodate the needs of surgical subspecialties and their training programs. As documentation requirements expand, efficient clinical documentation is a must for the busy surgeon. Although, our data entry and processing method has the immediate capacity for acute care surgery fellowships nationwide, multiple larger decisions regarding national case log systems should be encouraged. PMID:22634118

  19. Same day discharge following inter-scalene block administration for arthroscopic shoulder surgery: implementing a change in practice.

    PubMed

    Lane, Suzanne; Blundell, Clare; Mills, Simon; Charalambous, C P

    2014-10-01

    Patients who had arthroscopic shoulder surgery with the provision of an inter-scalene nerve block (ISB) at Blackpool Teaching Hospitals, were previously required to remain in hospital overnight. We introduced a new protocol that allowed same day discharge following arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anaesthesia and ISB. The aim of this study was to review the outcome of this change in practice. Our results indicated that providing a discharge protocol for patients having arthroscopic shoulder surgery with the inclusion of ISB can avoid unnecessary overnight stay and enable significant cost savings, without detriment to patient safety or satisfaction.

  20. Managing overlapping surgery: an analysis of 1018 neurosurgical and spine cases.

    PubMed

    Guan, Jian; Brock, Andrea A; Karsy, Michael; Couldwell, William T; Schmidt, Meic H; Kestle, John R W; Jensen, Randy L; Dailey, Andrew T; Schmidt, Richard H

    2016-12-02

    OBJECTIVE Overlapping surgery-the performance of parts of 2 or more surgical procedures at the same time by a single lead surgeon-has recently come under intense scrutiny, although data on the effects of overlapping procedures on patient outcomes are lacking. The authors examined the impact of overlapping surgery on complication rates in neurosurgical patients. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective review of consecutive nonemergent neurosurgical procedures performed during the period from May 12, 2014, to May 12, 2015, by any of 5 senior neurosurgeons at a single institution who were authorized to schedule overlapping cases. Overlapping surgery was defined as any case in which 2 patients under the care of a single lead surgeon were under anesthesia at the same time for any duration. Information on patient demographics, premorbid conditions, surgical variables, and postoperative course were collected and analyzed. Primary outcome was the occurrence of any complication from the beginning of surgery to 30 days after discharge. A secondary outcome was the occurrence of a serious complication-defined as a life-threatening or life-ending event-during this same period. RESULTS One thousand eighteen patients met the inclusion criteria for the study. Of these patients, 475 (46.7%) underwent overlapping surgery. Two hundred seventy-one patients (26.6%) experienced 1 or more complications, with 134 (13.2%) suffering a serious complication. Fourteen patients in the cohort died, a rate of 1.4%. The overall complication rate was not significantly higher for overlapping cases than for nonoverlapping cases (26.3% vs 26.9%, p = 0.837), nor was the rate of serious complications (14.7% vs 11.8%, p = 0.168). After adjustments for surgery type, surgery duration, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical classification grade, and intraoperative blood loss, overlapping surgery remained unassociated with overall complications (OR 0.810, 95% CI 0

  1. Both bias and lack of knowledge influence organizational focus on first case of the day starts.

    PubMed

    Dexter, Elisabeth U; Dexter, Franklin; Masursky, Danielle; Garver, Michael P; Nussmeier, Nancy A

    2009-04-01

    The economic costs of reducing first case delays are often high, because efforts need to be applied to multiple operating rooms (ORs) simultaneously. Nevertheless, delays in starting first cases of the day are a common topic in OR committee meetings. We added three scientific questions to a 24 question online, anonymous survey performed before the implementation of a new OR information system. The 57 respondents cared sufficiently about OR management at the United States teaching hospital to complete all questions. The survey revealed reasons why personnel may focus on the small reductions in nonoperative time achievable by reducing tardiness in first cases of the day. (A) Respondents lacked knowledge about principles in reducing over-utilized OR time to increase OR efficiency, based on their answering the relevant question correctly at a rate no different from guessing at random. Those results differed from prior findings of responses at a rate worse than random, resulting from a bias on the day of surgery of making decisions that increase clinical work per unit time. (B) Most respondents falsely believed that a 10 min delay at the start of the day causes subsequent cases to start at least 10 min late (P < 0.0001 versus random chance). (C) Most respondents did not know that cases often take less time than scheduled (P = 0.008 versus chance). No one who demonstrated knowledge (C) about cases sometimes taking less time than scheduled applied that information to their response to (B) regarding cases starting late (P = 0.0002). Knowledge of OR efficiency was low among the respondents working in ORs. Nevertheless, the apparent absence of bias shows that education may influence behavior. In contrast, presence of bias on matters of tardiness of start times shows that education may be of no benefit. As the latter results match findings of previous studies of scheduling decisions, interventions to reduce patient and surgeon waiting from start times may depend principally

  2. Effectiveness of a 1-day aspiration plus Gamma Knife surgery procedure for metastatic brain tumor with a cystic component.

    PubMed

    Higuchi, Fumi; Kawamoto, Shunsuke; Abe, Yoshihiro; Kim, Phyo; Ueki, Keisuke

    2012-12-01

    Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) has gained increasing relevance in the treatment of metastatic brain tumors, but many metastatic tumors contain a large cystic component and often exceed the size limit for GKS. For such lesions, the authors adopted a procedure in which stereotactic aspiration is first performed and followed immediately by GKS on the same day. In this paper, the authors describe this 1-day combined procedure and evaluate its efficacy. Between 2005 and 2010, 25 cystic metastases in 25 patients were treated at Dokkyo Medical University. The patients first underwent MRI and stereotactic aspiration of the cyst while stationary in a Leksell stereotactic frame; immediately afterward, the patients underwent a second MR imaging session and Gamma Knife treatment. Tumor volume reduction, tumor control rate, and overall survival were examined. Tumor volume, including the cystic component, decreased from 8.0-64.2 cm(3) (mean 20.3 cm(3)) to 3.0-36.2 cm(3) (mean 10.3 cm(3)) following aspiration, and the volume of 24 of 25 lesions decreased to less than 16.6 cm(3), which is equivalent to the volume of a 3.16-cm sphere. At least 20 Gy was delivered to the entire lesion in 24 of 25 cases. Good tumor control was obtained in 16 of 21 cases that could be evaluated during a median follow-up period of 11 months (range 1-27 months); however, reaccumulation of cyst contents was observed in 2 patients who required Ommaya reservoir placement. The 1-day aspiration plus GKS procedure is an effective and time-efficient treatment for large cystic brain metastases.

  3. A rare case of jejunogastric intussusception following gastric surgery.

    PubMed

    Vaidya, Yash; Vaithianathan, Rajan

    2017-01-01

    Jejunogastric intussusception (JGI) is an extremely rare complication of prior gastric surgery. Fewer than 200 cases have been reported in the literature. We present a case of an elderly male who presented with typical abdominal pain, hematemesis and a palpable epigastric mass. Ultrasonography and upper endoscopy diagnosed jejunogastric intussusception. Emergent laparotomy with manual reduction of the efferent loop intussusception resulted in successful treatment. We report this case of efferent loop JGI, developing 40 years after the primary Billroth II gastrectomy. This is the longest interval from the initial gastric surgery for gastric cancer to be reported. Maintaining a high index of suspicion is paramount in early diagnosis and treatment of this condition, which is associated with high mortality rates if surgery is delayed. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  4. Lymphopenia at 4 Days Postoperatively Is the Most Significant Laboratory Marker for Early Detection of Surgical Site Infection Following Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Shigematsu, Hideki; Okuda, Akinori; Morimoto, Yasuhiko; Masuda, Keisuke; Nakajima, Hiroshi; Koizumi, Munehisa; Tanaka, Yasuhito

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Case control study. Purpose To identify the most significant laboratory marker for early detection of surgical site infection (SSI) using multiple logistic regression analysis. Overview of Literature SSI is a serious complication of spinal instrumentation surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the laboratory data of patients who underwent posterior lumbar instrumentation surgery for degenerative spinal disease from January 2003 to December 2014. Six laboratory markers for early SSI detection were considered: renewed elevation of the white blood cell count, higher at 7 than 4 days postoperatively; renewed elevation of the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, higher at 7 than 4 days postoperatively; CRP level of >10 mg/dL at 4 days postoperatively; neutrophil percentage of >75% at 4 days postoperatively; lymphocyte percentage of <10% at 4 days postoperatively; and lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively. Results Ninety patients were enrolled; five developed deep SSI. Multivariate regression analysis showed that a lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively was the sole significant independent laboratory marker for early detection of SSI (p=0.037; odds ratio, 11.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.2–122.7). Conclusions A lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively is the most significant laboratory marker for early detection of SSI. PMID:27994779

  5. A pre-emptive pain management protocol to support self-care following vitreo-retinal day surgery.

    PubMed

    McCloud, Christine; Harrington, Ann; King, Lindy

    2014-11-01

    To describe the development and evaluation of a pre-emptive and multimodal pain management protocol that aims to improve patient experiences following vitreo-retinal day surgery. Vitreo-retinal surgery has been increasingly performed as day surgery that requires patients to undertake postoperative self-care, including the management of pain. While vitreo-retinal surgery is known to be painful in the convalescent period, pain management following day surgery has been described as problematic across many surgical specialties. One hundred patient audit and in-depth qualitative interviews with nine participants. A pain management protocol was developed from research evidence, established knowledge and expert opinion, then implemented and evaluated. The pre-emptive and multimodal protocol used intravenous Parecoxib in conjunction with regional ocular anaesthesia and oral paracetamol. Parecoxib 40 mg was administered prior to discharge, and participants were instructed to take the paracetamol six hours post-regional anaesthesia. Rescue analgesia was also provided. Following implementation of the protocol in a single clinical site, low levels of pain were reported in the audited patient cohort and confirmed in the qualitatively explored experiences of nine participants. The results of this study were encouraging, in that post vitreo-retinal day surgery pain appeared to have been successfully self-managed with a multimodal and pre-emptive protocol. The protocol was flexible and sensitive to patient comorbidities, surgical complexity, previous experiences and medical preferences. Further research is required to consolidate the success of this protocol to effectively support patients' self-care pain management and provide capacity to generalise the findings. Knowledge developed through this clinically based research has the potential for informing future patient care across many sites where day surgery is an integral component of treatment for people with vitreo

  6. Day Care vs Overnight Stay after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy even with Co-morbidity and a Possible Second Surgery: A Patient’s Choice

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard for symptomatic gall stone disease. It is being practiced as a day care procedure in healthy individuals in American Society of Anaesthesialogists (ASA) grade I and II. It is not yet established in presence of co-morbidity and when a second surgery is added. In most of the study, patient’s choice and the psycho-social factors were not considered in deciding the day care procedure. Aim To find the safety of LC and a second surgery as day care in presence of compensated co-morbidity. To study the choice of the patient whether to stay in hospital or go home after declaring them fit for day care. Materials and Methods All the patients of symptomatic cholelithiasis with co-morbidity and associations were evaluated and made uncompromising for elective surgery. All the LC were done at 8mmHg CO2 peumo-peritoneal pressure using harmonic scalpel as the energy source for dissection of gall bladder from the liver bed. Cases with conversion and placement of drain were excluded. Results A total of 1029 out of 1042 patients was included from Jan 2005 to Jan 2015. The age range was 38 to 91years (mean 44.65, SD 14.15). There were 634 females and 395 males. A total of 121(11.7%) of them had co-morbidity and associations. A total of 72(7%) had undergone a second surgery. Only 0.8% had real day care. A total of 95.7% had overnight stay even after fulfilling all the criteria. Only 0.2% needed re-admission in 30 days and one required intervention. Conclusion Patients like to stay over night in the hospital even if found fit for day care after LC. Overnight stay makes them happy, psycho-socially confident in developing nation and best suited for all patients including co-morbidity. PMID:27891393

  7. Remote cerebellar hemorrhage after a spinal surgery complicated by dural tear: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Karaeminogullari, Oguz; Atalay, Basar; Sahin, Orcun; Ozalay, Metin; Demirors, Huseyin; Tuncay, Cengiz; Ozen, Ozlem; Tandogan, Reha

    2005-07-01

    This report presents a case in which cerebellar hemorrhage occurred after lumbar decompression surgery that was complicated by dural tear and prolonged cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Remote cerebellar hemorrhage after spinal surgery is extremely rare. Our objective is to describe this unusual complication, discuss the possible mechanisms of remote cerebellar hemorrhage, and review the literature. A 73-year-old woman underwent surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. A dural tear occurred during decompression, and the patient developed remote cerebellar hemorrhage on postoperative Day 2. The cerebellar hemorrhage was treated surgically, and a biopsy of hemorrhagic brain parenchyma revealed an arteriovenous malformation. Although it is an extremely rare complication, remote cerebellar hemorrhage should be kept in mind as a possible complication of spinal surgery, especially in operations complicated by dural tears.

  8. [Experience in transumbilical endoscopic surgery diagnosis for 3 cases of pseudomyxoma peritonei].

    PubMed

    Tian, Li; Tang, Anliu; Liu, Fen; Shen, Shourong; Wang, Xiaoyan

    2016-11-28

    Three patients of pseudomyxoma peritonei who were diagnozed by transumbilical endoscopic surgery (TUES) were reviewed retrospectively from September 2014 to November 2014. Three cases of ascites patients underwent TUES were diagnozed as pseudomyxoma peritonei. All operations were successful. No open surgery or laparoscopic surgery was required. The mean operative time was (45±16) min; the mean intraoperative blood loss was 510 mL; the mean hospital stay time was 3 days. During the follow up of 911 months, no obvious scar was observed. Cosmetic results appear to be excellent. All patients were treated with intraperitoneal hyperthermia and chemotherapy. The survival rate was 100%. As a novel scarless endoscopic invasive abdominal surgery, TUES has high clinical value with the advantages such as small trauma, no scars, small risk and low cost in the diagnosis of unexplained ascites.

  9. Minimally invasive surgery and its impact on 30-day postoperative complications, unplanned readmissions and mortality.

    PubMed

    Sood, A; Meyer, C P; Abdollah, F; Sammon, J D; Sun, M; Lipsitz, S R; Hollis, M; Weissman, J S; Menon, M; Trinh, Q-D

    2017-09-01

    A critical appraisal of the benefits of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is needed, but is lacking. This study examined the associations between MIS and 30-day postoperative outcomes including complications graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, unplanned readmissions, hospital stay and mortality for five common surgical procedures. Patients undergoing appendicectomy, colectomy, inguinal hernia repair, hysterectomy and prostatectomy were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Non-parsimonious propensity score methods were used to construct procedure-specific matched-pair cohorts that reduced baseline differences between patients who underwent MIS and those who did not. Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons was applied and P < 0·006 was considered significant. Of the 532 287 patients identified, 53·8 per cent underwent MIS. Propensity score matching yielded an overall sample of 327 736 patients (appendicectomy 46 688, colectomy 152 114, inguinal hernia repair 59 066, hysterectomy 59 066, prostatectomy 10 802). Within the procedure-specific matched pairs, MIS was associated with significantly lower odds of Clavien-Dindo grade I-II, III and IV complications (P ≤ 0·004), unplanned readmissions (P < 0·001) and reduced hospital stay (P < 0·001) in four of the five procedures studied, with the exception of inguinal hernia repair. The odds of death were lower in patients undergoing MIS colectomy (P < 0·001), hysterectomy (P = 0·002) and appendicectomy (P = 0·002). MIS was associated with significantly fewer 30-day postoperative complications, unplanned readmissions and deaths, as well as shorter hospital stay, in patients undergoing colectomy, prostatectomy, hysterectomy or appendicectomy. No benefits were noted for inguinal hernia repair. © 2017 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. An electronic surgical order, undertaking patient education, and obtaining informed consent for regional analgesia before the day of surgery reduce block-related delays

    PubMed Central

    Brooks, Brandon S; Barman, Joydip; Ponce, Brent A; Sides, Alisa; Vetter, Thomas R

    2016-01-01

    Background Obtaining patient informed consent for a regional analgesia block on the day of surgery can result in surgical case delays. We hypothesized that implementing a preoperative electronic surgical order, undertaking patient education, and obtaining informed consent for a regional block in our preoperative assessment clinic prior to the day of surgery would reduce surgical case delays attributed to our regional anesthesia pain service and increase the percentage of patients for whom our regional anesthesia pain service was requested to provide a block. Methods A prospective two-group time-series design, with a nonrandomized, pre- and post-intervention data collection strategy, was applied. Based upon the surgeons’ newly implemented preoperative electronic outpatient orders, patients were identified by our preoperative assessment clinic staff to receive educational materials. The attending anesthesiologist in the preoperative assessment clinic then obtained written informed consent. Block-related delay and utilization data were analyzed with conventional inferential statistics. Results We observed a 14.8% (95% CI: 9.4%, 20.1%; P<0.001) decrease in surgical case delays, attributed to the regional nerve block, in the post- vs pre-intervention group. In addition, there was a 9.9% (95% CI: 4.7%, 15.1%); P<0.001) increase in the proportion of patients for whom a regional nerve block was ordered by our three high-volume orthopedic surgeons in the post- vs pre-intervention time periods. Conclusion When performed before the day of surgery, a surgeon’s electronic order, patient education, and informed consent for regional postoperative analgesia can improve patient throughput, thereby reducing block-related operating room delays. The preoperative assessment clinic can serve as a venue to achieve this goal, thereby adding value by decreasing downstream delays on the day of surgery. PMID:27785096

  11. Short Hospitalization system: a new way of interpreting day surgery care.

    PubMed

    Rago, Rocco; Franceschini, Francesca; Tomassini, Carlo R

    2016-01-01

    Today's poorer income on the one hand and the more and more unbearable costs on the other, call for solutions to maintain public health through proper and collective care. We need to think of a new dimension of health, to found a modern and innovative approach, which can combine the respect of healthcare rights with the optimization of resources. Worldwide, franchises serving millions of people every year succeed in limiting operating costs and still offer a service and a quality equal to single businesses. Let's imagine every single Day Surgery Unit (DSU), within its own hospital, as a single trade: starting a process of centralized management and subsequent affiliation with other DSUs, they would increase their healthcare offer by means of solid organization, efficiency and foresight that with a strong focus on innovation and continuous updating, thus increasing its range of consumers and containing management costs. The Short Hospitalization System (SHS) is the proposed project, which is not only a type of hospitalization which is different from the ordinary, but also an innovative clinical-organizational model, with an important economic impact, where the management and maximization of the different hospital flows (care, professional, logistical, information), as well as the ability to implement strategies to anticipate them are crucial. The expected benefits are both clinically and socially relevant. Among them: 1) best practice build up; 2) lower impact on daily habits and increased patient satisfaction; 3) reduction of social and health expenditure.

  12. Music benefits on postoperative distress and pain in pediatric day care surgery.

    PubMed

    Calcaterra, Valeria; Ostuni, Selene; Bonomelli, Irene; Mencherini, Simonetta; Brunero, Marco; Zambaiti, Elisa; Mannarino, Savina; Larizza, Daniela; Albertini, Riccardo; Tinelli, Carmine; Pelizzo, Gloria

    2014-08-12

    Postoperative effect of music listening has not been established in pediatric age. Response on postoperative distress and pain in pediatric day care surgery has been evaluated. Forty-two children were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned to the music-group (music intervention during awakening period) or the non-music group (standard postoperative care). Slow and fast classical music and pauses were recorded and played via ambient speakers. Heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, glucose and cortisol levels, faces pain scale and Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) Pain Scale were considered as indicators of response to stress and pain experience. Music during awakening induced lower increase of systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels. The non-music group showed progressive increasing values of glycemia; in music-group the curve of glycemia presented a plateau pattern (P<0.001). Positive impact on reactions to pain was noted using the FLACC scale. Music improves cardiovascular parameters, stress-induced hyperglycemia. Amelioration on pain perception is more evident in older children. Positive effects seems to be achieved by the alternation of fast, slow rhythms and pauses even in pediatric age.

  13. Music Benefits on Postoperative Distress and Pain in Pediatric Day Care Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Calcaterra, Valeria; Ostuni, Selene; Bonomelli, Irene; Mencherini, Simonetta; Brunero, Marco; Zambaiti, Elisa; Mannarino, Savina; Larizza, Daniela; Albertini, Riccardo; Tinelli, Carmine; Pelizzo, Gloria

    2014-01-01

    Postoperative effect of music listening has not been established in pediatric age. Response on postoperative distress and pain in pediatric day care surgery has been evaluated. Forty-two children were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned to the music-group (music intervention during awakening period) or the non-music group (standard postoperative care). Slow and fast classical music and pauses were recorded and played via ambient speakers. Heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, glucose and cortisol levels, faces pain scale and Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) Pain Scale were considered as indicators of response to stress and pain experience. Music during awakening induced lower increase of systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels. The non-music group showed progressive increasing values of glycemia; in music-group the curve of glycemia presented a plateau pattern (P<0.001). Positive impact on reactions to pain was noted using the FLACC scale. Music improves cardiovascular parameters, stress-induced hyperglycemia. Amelioration on pain perception is more evident in older children. Positive effects seems to be achieved by the alternation of fast, slow rhythms and pauses even in pediatric age. PMID:25635217

  14. Late Bleeding after Total Thyroidectomy: Report of Two Cases occurring 13 Days after Operation

    PubMed Central

    Calò, Pietro Giorgio; Erdas, Enrico; Medas, Fabio; Pisano, Giuseppe; Barbarossa, Michela; Pomata, Mariano; Nicolosi, Angelo

    2013-01-01

    Postoperative hematoma is a rare but potentially life-threatening and unpredictable complication of thyroid surgery. We report two cases of very late postoperative bleeding occurring on the 13th postoperative day in patients treated with low-molecular-weight heparin and acenocoumarol. Patient 1 was readmitted with complaints of progressive anterior neck swelling and bleeding from the cervical wound without respiratory distress. The patient had restarted therapy with Acenocoumarol associated with Nadroparin one day before. Under general anesthesia, cervical exploration allowed detection of a superficial hematoma. Patient 2 returned to our institution with subhyoid ecchymosis and moderate blood loss from the left drainage wound. The patient underwent drainage and was treated conservatively. Although most bleeding occurs within 24 hours, caution should be taken in patients on oral anticoagulants and low-molecular weight heparin and close monitoring should also be advised at home after discharge, particularly if anticoagulant therapy has restarted. PMID:24250239

  15. [Considerations in a case of refractive surgery].

    PubMed

    Muşat, Ovidiu; Gheorghe, Andreea; Mahdi, Labib; Cernat, Corina; Toma, Oana; Asandi, Radu; Burcea, Marian

    2014-01-01

    We present a case report of a 38 year old patient, with medium myopia LASIK --operated, with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. We present the seriated surgical interventions (posterior vitrectomy with silicone oil, followed by the extrusion of the silicone oil and the extraction of complicated cataract with IOL-CP implantation).

  16. Evaluating the Traditional Day and Night Shift in an Acute Care Surgery Fellowship: Is the Swing Shift a Better Choice?

    PubMed

    Chestovich, Paul J; McNicoll, Christopher F; Ingalls, Nichole K; Kuhls, Deborah A; Fraser, Douglas R; Morrissey, Shawna L; Fildes, John J

    2017-09-20

    Fellowship trainees in Acute Care Surgery require experience in the management of complex and operative trauma cases. Trauma center staffing usually follows standard 12 or 24 hour shifts, with resident and fellow trainees following a similar schedule. Although trauma admissions can be generally unpredictable, we analyzed temporal trends of trauma patient arrival times to determine the best time frame to maximize trainee experience during each day. We reviewed ten years (2007-2016) of trauma registry data for blunt and penetrating trauma activations. Hourly volumetric trends were observed, and three specific events were chosen for detailed analysis: (1) Trauma activation with Injury Severity Scale (ISS) > 15, (2) Laparotomy for trauma and (3) Thoracotomy for trauma. A retrospective shift log was created, which included day (7a-7p), night (7p-7a), and swing (12p-12a) shifts. A swing shift was chosen because it captures the peak volume for all three events. Means and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and comparisons were made between shifts using the Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank test with Bonferroni correction, and p<0.05 considered significant. During the ten year study period, 28,287 patients were treated at our trauma center. This included the evaluation and management of 7874 patients with ISS > 15, performance of 1766 laparotomies and 392 thoracotomies for trauma. Swing shift was superior to both day and night shifts for ISS > 15 (p<0.001). Both swing and night shifts were superior to day shift for laparotomies (p<0.001). Swing shift was superior to both day shift (p<0.001) and night shift (p=0.031). Shifts with the highest yield of ISS > 15, laparotomies, and thoracotomies include night and swing shifts on Friday and Saturday. Projected experience of ACS fellows in managing complex trauma patients increases with the integration of swing shifts into the schedule. Daily trauma volume follows a temporal pattern which, when utilized correctly, can

  17. The ACGME case log: General surgery resident experience in pediatric surgery

    PubMed Central

    Gow, Kenneth W.; Drake, F. Thurston; Aarabi, Shahram; Waldhausen, John H.

    2014-01-01

    Background General surgery (GS) residents in ACGME programs log cases performed during their residency. We reviewed designated pediatric surgery (PS) cases to assess for changes in performed cases over time. Methods The ACGME case logs for graduating GS residents were reviewed from academic year (AY) 1989–1990 to 2010–2011 for designated pediatric cases. Overall and designated PS cases were analyzed. Data were combined into five blocks: Period I (AY1989–90 to AY1993–94), Period II (AY1994–95 to AY1998–99), Period III (AY1999–00 to AY2002–03), Period IV (AY2003–04 to AY2006–07), and Period V (AY2007–08 to AY2010–11). Periods IV and V were delineated by implementation of duty hour restrictions. Student t-tests compared averages among the time periods with significance at P < .05. Results Overall GS case load remained relatively stable. Of total cases, PS cases accounted for 5.4% in Period I and 3.7% in Period V. Designated pediatric cases declined for each period from an average of 47.7 in Period I to 33.8 in Period V. These changes are due to a decline in hernia repairs, which account for half of cases. All other cases contributed only minimally to the pediatric cases. The only laparoscopic cases in the database were anti-reflux procedures, which increased over time. Conclusions GS residents perform a diminishing number of designated PS cases. This decline occurred before the onset of work-hour restrictions. These changes have implications on the capabilities of the current graduating workforce. However, the case log does not reflect all cases trainees may be exposed to, so revision of this list is recommended. PMID:23932601

  18. The ACGME case log: general surgery resident experience in pediatric surgery.

    PubMed

    Gow, Kenneth W; Drake, F Thurston; Aarabi, Shahram; Waldhausen, John H

    2013-08-01

    General surgery (GS) residents in ACGME programs log cases performed during their residency. We reviewed designated pediatric surgery (PS) cases to assess for changes in performed cases over time. The ACGME case logs for graduating GS residents were reviewed from academic year (AY) 1989-1990 to 2010-2011 for designated pediatric cases. Overall and designated PS cases were analyzed. Data were combined into five blocks: Period I (AY1989-90 to AY1993-94), Period II (AY1994-95 to AY1998-99), Period III (AY1999-00 to AY2002-03), Period IV (AY2003-04 to AY2006-07), and Period V (AY2007-08 to AY2010-11). Periods IV and V were delineated by implementation of duty hour restrictions. Student t-tests compared averages among the time periods with significance at P < .05. Overall GS case load remained relatively stable. Of total cases, PS cases accounted for 5.4% in Period I and 3.7% in Period V. Designated pediatric cases declined for each period from an average of 47.7 in Period I to 33.8 in Period V. These changes are due to a decline in hernia repairs, which account for half of cases. All other cases contributed only minimally to the pediatric cases. The only laparoscopic cases in the database were anti-reflux procedures, which increased over time. GS residents perform a diminishing number of designated PS cases. This decline occurred before the onset of work-hour restrictions. These changes have implications on the capabilities of the current graduating workforce. However, the case log does not reflect all cases trainees may be exposed to, so revision of this list is recommended. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Use of the modified frailty index to predict 30-day morbidity and mortality from spine surgery.

    PubMed

    Ali, Rushna; Schwalb, Jason M; Nerenz, David R; Antoine, Heath J; Rubinfeld, Ilan

    2016-10-01

    OBJECTIVE Limited tools exist to stratify perioperative risk in patients undergoing spinal procedures. The modified frailty index (mFI) based on the Canadian Study of Health and Aging Frailty Index (CSHA-FI), constructed from standard demographic variables, has been applied to various other surgical populations for risk stratification. The authors hypothesized that it would be predictive of postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing spine surgery. METHODS The 2006-2010 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data set was accessed for patients undergoing spine surgeries based on Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes. Sixteen preoperative clinical NSQIP variables were matched to 11 CSHA-FI variables (changes in daily activities, gastrointestinal problems, respiratory problems, clouding or delirium, hypertension, coronary artery and peripheral vascular disease, congestive heart failure, and so on). The outcomes assessed were 30-day occurrences of adverse events. These were then summarized in groups: any infection, wound-related complication, Clavien IV complications (life-threatening, requiring ICU admission), and mortality. RESULTS A total of 18,294 patients were identified. In 8.1% of patients with an mFI of 0 there was at least one morbid complication, compared with 24.3% of patients with an mFI of ≥ 0.27 (p < 0.001). An mFI of 0 was associated with a mortality rate of 0.1%, compared with 2.3% for an mFI of ≥ 0.27 (p < 0.001). Patients with an mFI of 0 had a 1.7% rate of surgical site infections and a 0.8% rate of Clavien IV complications, whereas patients with an mFI of ≥ 0.27 had rates of 4.1% and 7.1% for surgical site infections and Clavien IV complications, respectively (p < 0.001 for both). Multivariate analysis showed that the preoperative mFI and American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of ≥ III had a significantly increased risk of leading to Clavien IV complications and death. CONCLUSIONS A higher m

  20. Day of Surgery Admission in Total Joint Arthroplasty: Why Are Surgeries Cancelled? An Analysis of 3195 Planned Procedures and 114 Cancellations

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, Enda G.; Murphy, Terence P.; McCoy, Gerry F.; Glynn, Aaron A.

    2016-01-01

    Background. Day of surgery admission (DOSA) is becoming standard practice as a means of reducing cost in total joint arthroplasty. Aims. The aim of our study was to audit the use of DOSA in a specialty hospital and identify reasons for cancellation. Methods. A retrospective study of patients presenting for hip or knee arthroplasty between 2008 and 2013 was performed. All patients were assessed at the preoperative assessment clinic (PAC). Results. Of 3195 patients deemed fit for surgery, 114 patients (3.5%) had their surgery cancelled. Ninety-two cancellations (80%) were due to the patient being deemed medically unsuitable for surgery by the anaesthetist. Cardiac disease was the most common reason for cancellation (n = 27), followed by pulmonary disease (n = 22). 77 patients (67.5%) had their operation rescheduled and successfully performed in our institution at a later date. Conclusion. DOSA is associated with a low rate of cancellations on the day of surgery. Patients with cardiorespiratory comorbidities are at greatest risk of cancellation. PMID:27974973

  1. Guillain-Barré Syndrome after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: a Case Report.

    PubMed

    Hekmat, Manouchehr; Ghaderi, Hamid; Foroughi, Mahnoosh; Mirjafari, S Adeleh

    2016-01-01

    Guillain-Barre syndrome is a neurologic disorder that may appear after infection or major surgery. Guillain-Barré syndrome following cardiac surgery is rare and only based on case reports, and we review all of the published cases. A 52-year-old man after 5 months suffering from chest pain was referred to our hospital and underwent coronary artery bypass graft for 3 vessel disease. The patient was discharged without complication on the 5th postoperative day. He presented Guillain-Barré syndrome after 12 months. He has not completely recovered weakness of upper extremities grade 4/5 with atrophy of both upper extremities remains after 18 months. This disorder is similar to classic GBS. It is important to be alert to de novo autoimmune neurological disorders after cardiac surgery. These disorders are similar to classic autoimmune disease and treated with standard therapies.

  2. Geriatric abdominal surgery under local anesthetic: a case report.

    PubMed

    Calhoon, E L

    1991-06-01

    Abdominal surgery in a fragile elderly patient is often a dilemma, especially in the rural hospital setting where complex anesthesiology services are not available. We have done thyroidectomies and umbilical and inguinal hernias under local anesthesia, and report the following case where the technique was extended to a critically ill geriatric patient with a strangulated hernia.

  3. Interns' Day in Surgery: improving intern performance through a simulation-based course for final year medical students.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Sankar N; Page, Wendy

    2015-01-01

    The transition from final year medical student into the first year of clinical practice is known to be associated with anxiety and stress that ultimately affects job performance. Studies have shown that much of this stress and anxiety results from a junior doctor's lack of confidence in performing a number of basic tasks. We investigated if implementation of a half-day simulation-based course in the final year medical students results in increased confidence in performing these tasks. Final year medical students of the University of Tasmania's School of Medicine posted at the Royal Hobart Hospital participated in a half-day simulation course, comprised of multiple simulation stations, which required students to perform the basic tasks a competent surgical intern would be expected to complete. Students completed a survey which investigated their confidence with each task before and after the course. Overall, the majority of students thought that the Interns' Day in Surgery course was useful. The most significant improvements perceived were in case presentation (57.5% to 94.6%; P = 0.02) and communication with patients and other professional colleagues (55.5% to 75.5%; P = 0.01). A follow-up survey of doctors who attended this course reinforced its benefits. Simulation-based courses in clinical practice provide good learning opportunities for final year medical students within the curriculum. This study confirms significant gains in all skills categories practised during the course with perceived benefits subsequently identified by interns. This should lead to a less stressful and more successful transition from student to doctor and ultimately, better patient care. © 2014 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  4. Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery: a large, international, prospective cohort study establishing diagnostic criteria, characteristics, predictors, and 30-day outcomes.

    PubMed

    Botto, Fernando; Alonso-Coello, Pablo; Chan, Matthew T V; Villar, Juan Carlos; Xavier, Denis; Srinathan, Sadeesh; Guyatt, Gordon; Cruz, Patricia; Graham, Michelle; Wang, C Y; Berwanger, Otavio; Pearse, Rupert M; Biccard, Bruce M; Abraham, Valsa; Malaga, German; Hillis, Graham S; Rodseth, Reitze N; Cook, Deborah; Polanczyk, Carisi A; Szczeklik, Wojciech; Sessler, Daniel I; Sheth, Tej; Ackland, Gareth L; Leuwer, Martin; Garg, Amit X; Lemanach, Yannick; Pettit, Shirley; Heels-Ansdell, Diane; Luratibuse, Giovanna; Walsh, Michael; Sapsford, Robert; Schünemann, Holger J; Kurz, Andrea; Thomas, Sabu; Mrkobrada, Marko; Thabane, Lehana; Gerstein, Hertzel; Paniagua, Pilar; Nagele, Peter; Raina, Parminder; Yusuf, Salim; Devereaux, P J; Devereaux, P J; Sessler, Daniel I; Walsh, Michael; Guyatt, Gordon; McQueen, Matthew J; Bhandari, Mohit; Cook, Deborah; Bosch, Jackie; Buckley, Norman; Yusuf, Salim; Chow, Clara K; Hillis, Graham S; Halliwell, Richard; Li, Stephen; Lee, Vincent W; Mooney, John; Polanczyk, Carisi A; Furtado, Mariana V; Berwanger, Otavio; Suzumura, Erica; Santucci, Eliana; Leite, Katia; Santo, Jose Amalth do Espirirto; Jardim, Cesar A P; Cavalcanti, Alexandre Biasi; Guimaraes, Helio Penna; Jacka, Michael J; Graham, Michelle; McAlister, Finlay; McMurtry, Sean; Townsend, Derek; Pannu, Neesh; Bagshaw, Sean; Bessissow, Amal; Bhandari, Mohit; Duceppe, Emmanuelle; Eikelboom, John; Ganame, Javier; Hankinson, James; Hill, Stephen; Jolly, Sanjit; Lamy, Andre; Ling, Elizabeth; Magloire, Patrick; Pare, Guillaume; Reddy, Deven; Szalay, David; Tittley, Jacques; Weitz, Jeff; Whitlock, Richard; Darvish-Kazim, Saeed; Debeer, Justin; Kavsak, Peter; Kearon, Clive; Mizera, Richard; O'Donnell, Martin; McQueen, Matthew; Pinthus, Jehonathan; Ribas, Sebastian; Simunovic, Marko; Tandon, Vikas; Vanhelder, Tomas; Winemaker, Mitchell; Gerstein, Hertzel; McDonald, Sarah; O'Bryne, Paul; Patel, Ameen; Paul, James; Punthakee, Zubin; Raymer, Karen; Salehian, Omid; Spencer, Fred; Walter, Stephen; Worster, Andrew; Adili, Anthony; Clase, Catherine; Cook, Deborah; Crowther, Mark; Douketis, James; Gangji, Azim; Jackson, Paul; Lim, Wendy; Lovrics, Peter; Mazzadi, Sergio; Orovan, William; Rudkowski, Jill; Soth, Mark; Tiboni, Maria; Acedillo, Rey; Garg, Amit; Hildebrand, Ainslie; Lam, Ngan; Macneil, Danielle; Mrkobrada, Marko; Roshanov, Pavel S; Srinathan, Sadeesh K; Ramsey, Clare; John, Philip St; Thorlacius, Laurel; Siddiqui, Faisal S; Grocott, Hilary P; McKay, Andrew; Lee, Trevor W R; Amadeo, Ryan; Funk, Duane; McDonald, Heather; Zacharias, James; Villar, Juan Carlos; Cortés, Olga Lucía; Chaparro, Maria Stella; Vásquez, Skarlett; Castañeda, Alvaro; Ferreira, Silvia; Coriat, Pierre; Monneret, Denis; Goarin, Jean Pierre; Esteve, Cristina Ibanez; Royer, Catherine; Daas, Georges; Chan, Matthew T V; Choi, Gordon Y S; Gin, Tony; Lit, Lydia C W; Xavier, Denis; Sigamani, Alben; Faruqui, Atiya; Dhanpal, Radhika; Almeida, Smitha; Cherian, Joseph; Furruqh, Sultana; Abraham, Valsa; Afzal, Lalita; George, Preetha; Mala, Shaveta; Schünemann, Holger; Muti, Paola; Vizza, Enrico; Wang, C Y; Ong, G S Y; Mansor, Marzida; Tan, Alvin S B; Shariffuddin, Ina I; Vasanthan, V; Hashim, N H M; Undok, A Wahab; Ki, Ushananthini; Lai, Hou Yee; Ahmad, Wan Azman; Razack, Azad H A; Malaga, German; Valderrama-Victoria, Vanessa; Loza-Herrera, Javier D; De Los Angeles Lazo, Maria; Rotta-Rotta, Aida; Szczeklik, Wojciech; Sokolowska, Barbara; Musial, Jacek; Gorka, Jacek; Iwaszczuk, Pawel; Kozka, Mateusz; Chwala, Maciej; Raczek, Marcin; Mrowiecki, Tomasz; Kaczmarek, Bogusz; Biccard, Bruce; Cassimjee, Hussein; Gopalan, Dean; Kisten, Theroshnie; Mugabi, Aine; Naidoo, Prebashini; Naidoo, Rubeshan; Rodseth, Reitze; Skinner, David; Torborg, Alex; Paniagua, Pilar; Urrutia, Gerard; Maestre, Mari Luz; Santaló, Miquel; Gonzalez, Raúl; Font, Adrià; Martínez, Cecilia; Pelaez, Xavier; De Antonio, Marta; Villamor, Jose Marcial; García, Jesús Alvarez; Ferré, Maria José; Popova, Ekaterina; Alonso-Coello, Pablo; Garutti, Ignacio; Cruz, Patricia; Fernández, Carmen; Palencia, Maria; Díaz, Susana; Del Castillo, Teresa; Varela, Alberto; de Miguel, Angeles; Muñoz, Manuel; Piñeiro, Patricia; Cusati, Gabriel; Del Barrio, Maria; Membrillo, Maria José; Orozco, David; Reyes, Fidel; Sapsford, Robert J; Barth, Julian; Scott, Julian; Hall, Alistair; Howell, Simon; Lobley, Michaela; Woods, Janet; Howard, Susannah; Fletcher, Joanne; Dewhirst, Nikki; Williams, C; Rushton, A; Welters, I; Leuwer, M; Pearse, Rupert; Ackland, Gareth; Khan, Ahsun; Niebrzegowska, Edyta; Benton, Sally; Wragg, Andrew; Archbold, Andrew; Smith, Amanda; McAlees, Eleanor; Ramballi, Cheryl; Macdonald, Neil; Januszewska, Marta; Stephens, Robert; Reyes, Anna; Paredes, Laura Gallego; Sultan, Pervez; Cain, David; Whittle, John; Del Arroyo, Ana Gutierrez; Sessler, Daniel I; Kurz, Andrea; Sun, Zhuo; Finnegan, Patrick S; Egan, Cameron; Honar, Hooman; Shahinyan, Aram; Panjasawatwong, Krit; Fu, Alexander Y; Wang, Sihe; Reineks, Edmunds; Nagele, Peter; Blood, Jane; Kalin, Megan; Gibson, David; Wildes, Troy

    2014-03-01

    Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) was defined as prognostically relevant myocardial injury due to ischemia that occurs during or within 30 days after noncardiac surgery. The study's four objectives were to determine the diagnostic criteria, characteristics, predictors, and 30-day outcomes of MINS. In this international, prospective cohort study of 15,065 patients aged 45 yr or older who underwent in-patient noncardiac surgery, troponin T was measured during the first 3 postoperative days. Patients with a troponin T level of 0.04 ng/ml or greater (elevated "abnormal" laboratory threshold) were assessed for ischemic features (i.e., ischemic symptoms and electrocardiography findings). Patients adjudicated as having a nonischemic troponin elevation (e.g., sepsis) were excluded. To establish diagnostic criteria for MINS, the authors used Cox regression analyses in which the dependent variable was 30-day mortality (260 deaths) and independent variables included preoperative variables, perioperative complications, and potential MINS diagnostic criteria. An elevated troponin after noncardiac surgery, irrespective of the presence of an ischemic feature, independently predicted 30-day mortality. Therefore, the authors' diagnostic criterion for MINS was a peak troponin T level of 0.03 ng/ml or greater judged due to myocardial ischemia. MINS was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.87; 95% CI, 2.96-5.08) and had the highest population-attributable risk (34.0%, 95% CI, 26.6-41.5) of the perioperative complications. Twelve hundred patients (8.0%) suffered MINS, and 58.2% of these patients would not have fulfilled the universal definition of myocardial infarction. Only 15.8% of patients with MINS experienced an ischemic symptom. Among adults undergoing noncardiac surgery, MINS is common and associated with substantial mortality.

  5. Ischemic complications after pituitary surgery: a report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Rahul; Sharma, Arun; Vaishya, Richa; Tandon, Monica

    2013-12-01

    Cerebral ischemic complications after pituitary surgery are not frequently reported. These vascular complications may be related to (1) direct trauma to the vessel wall, (2) compression of the internal carotid artery (ICA) due to pituitary apoplexy, (3) vasospasm secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage or vasoactive tumor extract, or (4) hypothalamic injury. We describe two cases where major vessel infarcts occurred after removal of pituitary tumor. One case has repeated episodes of thrombembolism probably due to a internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection triggered by minor intraoperative ICA injury during transsphenoidal excision. The other cases had a late-onset cerebral ischemia due vasospasm of middle cerebral artery after transcranial excision of a large pituitary tumor. Both patients had a long hospital stay and were managed successfully with anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs, aggressive supportive care in the intensive care unit, and rehabilitation. These cases highlight two different mechanisms of infarcts after pituitary surgery. The first case highlights the importance of ICA evaluation before surgery in elderly patients with risk factors, such as chronic smoking, hypertension, and atherosclerotic disease. Even minimal manipulation of the ICA can generate a cascade of thrombembolic events in such patients. The second case highlights the importance of observing the patient of a highly vascular giant pituitary adenoma in the hospital for a longer than usual time. Delayed vasospasm can occur like in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and have a good outcome if detected early and managed judiciously. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  6. Single port access laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors: Initial 51 cases of a single institute

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Bo Ra; Han, Jae Won; Kim, Tae Hyun; Han, Ae Ra; Hur, Sung Eun; Lee, Sung Ki

    2017-01-01

    Objective Investigation of initial 51 cases of single port access (SPA) laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors and evaluation of safety and feasibility of the surgical technique. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the first 51 patients who received SPA laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors greater than 10 cm, from July 2010 to February 2015. Results SPA adnexal surgeries were successfully completed in 51 patients (100%). The mean age, body mass index of the patients were 43.1 years and 22.83 kg/m2, respectively. The median operative time, median blood loss were 73.5 (range, 20 to 185) minutes, 54 (range, 5 to 500) mL, and the median tumor diameter was 13.6 (range, 10 to 30) cm. The procedures included bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n=18, 36.0%), unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n=14, 27.45%), and paratubal cystectomy (n=1, 1.96%). There were no cases of malignancy and none were insertion of additional ports or conversion to laparotomy. The cases with intraoperative spillage were 3 (5.88%) and benign cystic tumors. No other intraoperative and postoperative complications were observed during hospital days and 6-weeks follow-up period after discharge. Conclusion Our results suggest that SPA laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors may be a safe and feasible alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery. PMID:28217669

  7. Glaucoma Surgery in Pregnancy: A Case Series and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Razeghinejad, Mohammad Reza; Masoumpour, Masoumeh; Eghbal, Mohammad Hossein; Myers, Jonathan S.; Moster, Marlene R.

    2016-01-01

    Glaucoma management in pregnant patients is a real challenge, especially when the glaucoma is not controlled with medications. We report the results of 6 incisional glaucoma surgeries for the management of medically uncontrolled glaucoma patients during pregnancy. This retrospective, case series was conducted on the 6 eyes of 3pregnant patients with uncontrolled glaucoma using maximum tolerable medications. Details of the glaucoma surgical management of these patients as well as their postoperative care and pregnancy and clinical outcomes on longitudinal follow-up are discussed. All 3 patients had juvenile open-angle glaucoma and were on various anti-glaucoma medications, including oral acetazolamide. The first case described underwent trabeculectomy without antimetabolites in both eyes because of uncontrolled intraocular pressure with topical medications. The surgery was done with topical lidocaine jelly and subconjunctival lidocaine during the second and third trimesters. The second patient had an Ahmed valve implantation in both eyes during the second and third trimesters because of uncontrolled IOP with topical medications and no response to selective laser trabeculoplasty. Surgery was done with topical tetracaine and subconjunctival and sub-Tenon’s lidocaine. The third case had a Baerveldt valve implantation under general anesthesia in the second trimester. In selected pregnant glaucoma patients with medically uncontrolled intraocular pressure threatening vision, incisional surgery may lead to good outcomes for the patient with no risk for the fetus. PMID:27582594

  8. The effect of foot massage on patients' perception of care following laparoscopic sterilization as day case patients.

    PubMed

    Hulme, J; Waterman, H; Hillier, V F

    1999-08-01

    This randomized-controlled study examined the effects of foot massage on patients' perception of care received following surgery. The sample of 59 women who underwent laparoscopic sterilization as day case patients were randomly allocated into two groups. The experimental group received a foot massage and analgesia post-operatively, whilst the control group received only analgesia post-operatively. Each participant was asked to complete a questionnaire on the day following surgery. This examined satisfaction, memory and analgesia taken. The 76% response rate was comparable with other patient satisfaction studies following day-case surgery. Statistical analysis showed no overall significant difference in the pain experienced by the two groups; however, the mean pain scores recorded following surgery showed a significantly different pattern over time, such that the experimental group consistently reported less pain following a foot massage than the control group. This study has attempted to explore the use of foot massage in a systematic way and is therefore a basis for further study.

  9. Typical savings from each minute reduction in tardy first case of the day starts.

    PubMed

    Dexter, Franklin; Epstein, Richard H

    2009-04-01

    Analysts and clinicians sitting in operating room (OR) committee meetings cannot evaluate rapidly whether a suggested idea to reduce delays in first case of the day starts can be beneficial economically. Three years of data were used from a six OR outpatient surgery facility. The cost reduction from reducing the tardiness of start of first cases of the day was calculated using the method of McIntosh et al. (Anesth Analg 2006;103:1499-516), limited to ORs with at least 8 h of cases and turnovers. Results were then reported per minute reduction in tardy first case of the day starts as an approximation for rapid use in meetings. Each 1.0 min reduction in the tardy starts of first cases of the day in ORs with more than 8 h of cases and turnovers resulted overall in 1.1 +/- 0.1 min reduction in regularly scheduled labor costs (mean +/- se). This result was close to the 1.2 min obtained using an entirely different (simulation) method performed previously for OR time reductions. Secondary analyses confirmed that assumptions were satisfied at the facility, thereby reducing the chance that results are biased. For example, the proportions of the variance in tardiness attributable to anesthesiologists and specialties were only 1% and 3%, respectively, and there were no significant differences in tardiness among the 85 anesthesiologists or 14 specialties. Typical savings for reducing tardiness of first case of the day starts at a surgical suite equal the product of four values: i) 1.1 min reduction in staffed OR time per 1 min reduction in tardiness, ii) estimate for reductions in tardiness (min) per OR, iii) number of ORs at the suite with more than 8 h of cases, and iv) sum of the average compensations per regularly scheduled minute for personnel in each OR. If small, the analyst and/or clinician can promptly speak up and refocus group conversation toward other potential interventions. If large, the full return on investment analysis would be performed.

  10. A peripherally inserted central catheter line, inserted the day before surgery, decreases the time from induction to incision for spinal deformity surgery and safely provides central venous access during surgery: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Stuedemann, Anne E; Schwend, Richard M; Thomas, Valorie K; Leamon, Julia M; Lightner, Tammy S

    2017-02-24

    Pediatric patients undergoing surgery for spinal deformity may benefit from central venous access to provide intraoperative monitoring and fluid resuscitation. For pediatric surgical patients requiring central access, we hypothesized that placing a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line preoperatively should decrease time from induction of anesthesia to incision and result in improved patient safety and decreased operating room charges. This was a retrospective, nonrandomized, and case comparison study. Clinical records of all children with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis or neuromuscular scoliosis treated surgically by the senior author between December 2007 and April 2012 were reviewed. Control group patients had a central venous catheter (CVC) placed by the anesthesiologist after induction of anesthesia. The trial group had a PICC placed under local anesthesia the day before surgery by an experienced vascular access team. The time from induction of anesthesia to the time for the surgical incision was determined for each study group. The CVC line placement charges were determined by the operating room time charges at $214/min. Charges saved were the mean time difference multiplied by the operating room time charge, less the charge for PICC line insertion ($1282). There were 29 neuromuscular patients, the mean age was 13 years (SD: 4 years). The mean time from induction to incision for the PICC group was 91 min [95% confidence interval (CI): 67-115 min] and for the CVC group 113 min (95% CI: 99-127 min, P=0.083). For this mean time difference of 22 min, the estimated cost savings would be $3426 per patient. There were 59 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the mean age was 14 years (SD: 2 years). The mean time from induction to incision for the PICC group was 78 min (95% CI: 74-82 min) and for the CVC group 106 min (95% CI: 96-116  min, P≤0.001). For this mean time difference of 28 min, the estimated cost savings would

  11. Utility of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block for day-case inguinal hernia repair

    PubMed Central

    Pitoni, Sara; Gonnella, Gianluigi; Alfieri, Sergio; Catarci, Stefano; Draisci, Gaetano

    2017-01-01

    Background The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a regional anesthesia technique that effectively reduces the pain intensity and use of analgesia in abdominal surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the utility of the ultrasound-guided TAP block in improving the efficacy of the ultrasound-guided ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve (IIN/IHN) block for intraoperative anesthesia and postoperative pain control in day-case inguinal hernia repair (IHR). Methods We conducted a descriptive study of patients undergoing elective primary unilateral open IHR. Fifty-nine patients were divided into two groups according to the anesthetic technique used: ultrasound-guided TAP block plus ultrasound-guided IIN/IHN block (TAP group) vs. ultrasound-guided IIN/IHN block alone (IIN/IHN group). The outcome measures were the adequacy of anesthesia during surgery and postoperative analgesia. Results Four patients (12.5%) in the TAP group and 10 patients (37.0%) in the IIN/IHN group experienced inadequate anesthesia and needed systemic sedation (P < 0.05). No significant differences in additional local anesthetic volume were found between the two groups. Patients in the TAP group reported lower pain scores at the end of surgery (0.4 ± 0.8 vs. 2.1 ± 2.5, P < 0.01), at 2 hours after surgery (0.8 ± 1.3 vs. 3.0 ± 2.2, P < 0.01), at discharge (1.4 ± 1.2 vs. 4.3 ± 2.2, P < 0.01), and at 24 hours (1.5 ± 1.1 vs. 4.5 ± 2.3, P < 0.01). Conclusions The combination of the TAP and IIN/IHN blocks is associated with better intraoperative anesthesia and lower postoperative pain scores compared with the IIN/IHN block alone. PMID:28184266

  12. Pyoderma gangrenosum mimicking mediastinitis after cardiac surgery: a case study.

    PubMed

    Hysi, I; Vincentelli, A

    2016-06-01

    Pyoderma gangrenosum is a dermatosis which associates both, necrosis and polynuclear infiltration of the skin. While the aetiology is not well understood, the disease is thought to be due to immune system dysfunction and it can occur after minor trauma or surgery. Although it has seldom been reported after cardiac surgery in the literature, it is not exceptional. Here we report a case of pyoderma gangrenosum after coronary artery bypass grafting in a 76-year-old patient with chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis. Diagnosis was clinically made and the patient was treated with systemic steroids. The lesions showed a remarkable improvement with this therapy. In the field of cardiac surgery, physicians of the surgical team and nurses should think about this diagnosis in all rapidly expanding postoperative lesions without improvement after debridement or antibiotics. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

  13. Treatment decisions in 330 cases referred for apical surgery.

    PubMed

    von Arx, Thomas; Roux, Eliane; Bürgin, Walter

    2014-02-01

    Apical surgery is an important treatment option for teeth with postendodontic apical periodontitis. However, little information is available regarding treatment planning in cases referred for apical surgery. This study evaluated the decisions made in such cases and analyzed the variables influencing the decision-making process. The study retrospectively assessed clinical and radiographic data of 330 teeth that had been referred to a specialist in apical surgery with regard to the treatment decisions made in those teeth. The clinical and radiographic variables were divided into subcategories to analyze which factors influenced the decision-making process. The treatment decisions included apical surgery (59.1%), tooth extraction (25.8%), no treatment (9.1%), and nonsurgical endodontic retreatment (6.1%). Variables that showed statistically significant differences comparing treatment decisions among subcategories included probing depth (P = .001), clinical attachment level (P = .0001), tooth mobility (P = .012), pain (P = .014), clinical signs (P = .0001), length (P = .041) and quality (P = .026) of the root canal filling, and size (P = .0001) and location (P = .0001) of the periapical lesion. This study shows that apical surgery was the most frequently made treatment decision in teeth referred to a specialist in apical surgery, but every fourth tooth was considered nonretainable and was scheduled for extraction. The data showed that the most common variables that influenced the decision to extract teeth were teeth with an increased probing depth and tooth mobility and teeth presenting with lesions not located at the apex. Copyright © 2014 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Prediction of glycated hemoglobin levels at 3 months after metabolic surgery based on the 7-day plasma metabolic profile.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Hyuk Nam; Lee, Yeon Ji; Kang, Ju-Hee; Choi, Ji-Ho; An, Yong Jin; Kang, Sunmi; Lee, Dae Hyun; Suh, Young Ju; Heo, Yoonseok; Park, Sunghyouk

    2014-01-01

    Metabolic surgery has been shown to provide better glycemic control for type 2 diabetes than conventional therapies. Still, the outcomes of the surgery are variable, and prognostic markers reflecting the metabolic changes by the surgery are yet to be established. NMR-based plasma metabolomics followed by multivariate regression was used to test the correlation between the metabolomic profile at 7-days after surgery and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels at 3-months (and up to 12 months with less patients), and to identify the relevant markers. Metabolomic profiles at 7-days could differentiate the patients according to the HbA1c improvement status at 3-months. The HbA1c values were predicted based on the metabolomics profile with partial least square regression, and found to be correlated with the observed values. Metabolite analysis suggested that 3-Hydroxybutyrate (3-HB) and glucose contributes to this prediction, and the [3-HB]/[glucose] exhibited a modest to good correlation with the HbA1c level at 3-months. The prediction of 3-month HbA1c using 7-day metabolomic profile and the suggested new criterion [3-HB]/[glucose] could augment current prognostic modalities and help clinicians decide if drug therapy is necessary.

  15. [A case of Mycobacterium fortuitum meningitis following surgery for meningioma].

    PubMed

    Fujikawa, Keita; Suenaga, Akihito; Motomura, Masakatsu; Fukuda, Taku; Ooe, Nobuharu; Eguchi, Katsumi

    2006-07-01

    A 57-year-old woman had undergone surgery for meningioma. After the surgery, she suffered from repeated fever and headache. One year after surgery, she was admitted to our hospital for further examination. Cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) findings indicated bacterial meningitis infection. Germ culture, acid-fast bacterium culture, PCR for mycobacteriosis and cryptococcus antigens as well as cytological examination of CSF were checked repeatedly. However, all examinations were negative and etiology was unknown. We treated with many anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-tubercular drugs, but CSF findings were not improved. We repeated CSF examination and finally Mycobacterium fortuitum (M. fortuitum) was isolated. Clarithromycin (CAM) was started for M. fortuitum meningitis. After drug sensitivity testing, levofloxacin (LVFX), which was effective against M. fortuitum, was added to CAM, after which clinical and CSF findings improved dramatically. M. fortuitum rarely causes CNS infection. Several English literatures on M. fortuitum meningitis after traumatic injury and surgery have been published. Its CSF findings distinctly resemble those of bacterial meningitis, but are resistant to the usual antituberculosis drugs. We reported a case of M. fortuitum meningitis associated with surgery for meningioma.

  16. A case of anaphylaxis apparently induced by sugammadex and rocuronium in successive surgeries.

    PubMed

    Yamada, Yuko; Yamamoto, Takuji; Tanabe, Kumiko; Fukuoka, Naokazu; Takenaka, Motoyasu; Iida, Hiroki

    2016-08-01

    Rocuronium is the agent most frequently involved in perioperative anaphylaxis, and sugammadex has also been known to induce anaphylactic reactions. We describe a case of successive anaphylactic episodes that seemed to be induced by clinical doses of rocuronium and sugammadex. The patient was a 19-year-old woman who had a medical history of asthma, but no history of surgery. She had been injured in a fall, and several surgeries were scheduled for multiple bone fractures. At the first surgery under general anesthesia, she developed anaphylaxis 5 min after sugammadex administration. A second general anesthesia for treatment of calcaneal fracture was induced uneventfully without neuromuscular blockade after 10 days. A third general anesthesia was scheduled to reinforce the spinal column 12 days after the first surgery. She developed anaphylaxis 8 min after rocuronium administration. The level of plasma histamine was elevated, but serum tryptase level remained normal. This surgery was canceled and rescheduled without use of a neuromuscular blockade. Skin tests were performed in a later investigation. The patient showed positive results on intradermal tests for sugammadex and rocuronium, supporting a diagnosis of allergic reactions to both drugs. Clinicians must be aware that anaphylactic reactions can be induced by both sugammadex and rocuronium. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Echo-Guided Differential Popliteal Block in an Obese Patient With Intractable Painful Leg Ulcer for Early Discharge in Day Surgery.

    PubMed

    Zampi, Maddalena; Iacovazzo, Carmine; Pagano, Tommaso; Buonanno, Pasquale; Carlomagno, Mariella; Cianciulli, Flavia; Servillo, Giuseppe

    2016-06-01

    Pain management is extremely important in day surgery, and it is one of the limiting factors for this type of procedures. Locoregional anesthesia is strongly recommended for day surgery; nevertheless, it could be very difficult to localize nerve position especially in obese patients. Furthermore, a complete nerve blockade could result in a delayed discharge. We present a case of analgesic ultrasound-guided block of tibial and common peroneal nerves in the popliteal fossa without any motor function involvement in an obese patient undergoing debridement of an infected lower limb ulcer; all previous attempts of surgical debridement in day surgery with topical anesthetics had failed because of discomfort due to pain. Our aim was to ensure an optimal degree of analgesia and, at the same time, to save motor function in order to make early discharge possible. We used 15 mL ropivacaine 0.375% to obtain a differential block, taking advantage of sensitive fibers selectivity of ropivacaine. Surgical debridement was performed successfully. Our peripheral blockade was able to provide significantly prolonged analgesia without motor block that guaranteed a safe and early discharge according to the Post Anesthetic Discharge Scoring System. The satisfaction expressed by the patient and her comfort during the procedure support the choice of this approach for intractable painful ulcers of lower limb.

  18. Benefit of Oral Feeding as Early as One Day After Elective Surgery for Colorectal Cancer: Oral Feeding on First Versus Second Postoperative Day

    PubMed Central

    Fujii, Takaaki; Morita, Hiroki; Sutoh, Toshinaga; Yajima, Reina; Yamaguchi, Satoru; Tsutsumi, Soichi; Asao, Takayuki; Kuwano, Hiroyuki

    2014-01-01

    The optimal timing of early oral intake after surgery has not been fully established. The objective of this study was to compare early oral intake at postoperative day 1 after resection of colorectal cancer with that of day 2 to identify the optimal timing for resumption of oral intake in such patients. Consecutive patients with colorectal cancer who underwent elective colorectal resection were separated into two groups. Sixty-two patients began a liquid diet on the first postoperative day (POD1 group) and 58 patients began on POD2 (POD2 group) and advanced to a regular diet within the next 24 hours as tolerated. As for gastrointestinal recovery, the first passage of flatus was experienced, on average, on postoperative day 3.1 ± 1.0 in the POD2 group and on day 2.3 ± 0.7 in the POD1 group. The first defecation was also significantly earlier in patients in the POD1 group than those in the POD2 group (POD 3.2 ± 1.2 versus 4.2 ± 1.4, respectively). No statistical difference was found between the two groups in terms of postoperative complications. Our results suggest that very early feeding on POD1 after colorectal resection is safe and feasible and that induced a quicker recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal movement in patients. PMID:24833141

  19. [34,450 days of cardiac surgery in the Czech Republic].

    PubMed

    Pirk, J

    2005-01-01

    Professor Karel Maydl was born in Rokytnice nad Jizerou, where his father was employed at the local court. Czech cardio-surgery was born with the first successful treatment of the stab in the heart, which was done by professor Rychlík in 1910. The next few years the cardio-surgery was represented only by occasional treatment of heart injury. Only in 1934 Jirí Divis excided ganglion stelatum to cure angina pectoris and in 1936 he performed surgical treatment of constrictive pericarditis. Article reviews all Essentials moments in the development of cardio-surgery in Bohemia and Moravia. The second part of the paper gives at present the most frequently performed surgeries. It is concluded that the Czech cardio-surgery has according to the numbers and duality of the treatment the west-European level. At the end Professor Maydl, who died for heart failure, is quoted, why he himself had to be stroked by the disease, which is not possible to treat with the knife. In the 100 years since that it is possible to evaluate that in ICEM 283 medical doctors have been treated for the heart disease and results of their operations were Berger than in standard population. It reproves the bad record of doctors to be bad patients.

  20. Scarless surgery for a huge liver cyst: A case report.

    PubMed

    Kashiwagi, Hiroyuki; Kawachi, Jun; Isogai, Naoko; Ishii, Masanori; Miyake, Katsunori; Shimoyama, Rai; Fukai, Ryota; Ogino, Hidemitsu

    2017-09-01

    Symptomatic or complicated liver cysts sometimes require surgical intervention and laparoscopic fenestration is the definitive treatment for these cysts. We performed minimally invasive surgery, hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) without scarring, for a huge liver cyst. An 82-year-old female presented with a month-long history of right upper abdominal pain. We diagnosed her condition as a huge liver cyst by morphological studies. She denied any history of abdominal trauma. Her serum CEA and CA19-9 were normal and a serum echinococcus serologic test was negative. Laparoscopic fenestration, using a hybrid NOTES procedure via a transvaginal approach, was performed for a huge liver cyst because we anticipated difficulty with an umbilical approach, such as single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). Her post-operative course was uneventful and she was discharged from our hospital three days after surgery. Pain killers were not required during and after hospitalization. No recurrence of the liver cyst or bulging was detected by clinical examination two years later. A recent trend of laparoscopic procedure has been towards minimizing the number of incisions to achieve less invasiveness. This hybrid NOTES, with a small incision for abdominal access, along with vaginal access, enabled painless operation for a huge liver cyst. We report a huge liver cyst treated by hybrid NOTES. This approach is safe, less invasive, and may be the first choice for a huge liver cyst. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  1. [Maxillary mucocele after an orthognathic surgery: case report].

    PubMed

    Carrillo Andrades, Vicente Alfonso; Carrillo Venezian, Bernardita Claudia

    2017-01-16

    Mucoceles are not often found in the maxillary sinus, and is a rare surgery complication, in this case, orthognathic. This review describes a mucocele that partially occupies the right maxillary sinus, causing a chronic nasal obstruction. This is the case of a 44 year-old female patient, which after 12 years of several orthognathic surgeries, presents facial pain and right nasal obstruction. The paranasal sinus computed tomography reveals a mass with liquid content that occupies the lower part of the right maxillary sinus and compromises the right nasal cavity. The patient was treated with an intranasal marsupialization and a middle meatotomy with endoscopic nasal approach. Evolution was satisfactory two years after the intervention.

  2. Forensic evaluation of medical liability cases in general surgery.

    PubMed

    Moreira, H; Magalhães, T; Dinis-Oliveira, Rj; Taveira-Gomes, A

    2014-10-01

    Although medical liability (disciplinary, civil and criminal) is increasingly becoming an issue, few studies exist, particularly from the perspective of forensic science, which demonstrate the extent to which medical malpractice occurs, or when it does, the reasons for it. Our aims were to evaluate the current situation concerning medical liability in general surgery (GS) in Portugal, the reasons for claims, and the forensic evaluations and conclusions, as well as the association between these issues and the judicial outcomes. We analysed the Medico-Legal Council (CML) reports of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Portugal related to GS during 2001-2010. The judicial outcomes of each case were requested from the Public Prosecutor Office (PPO) and the court. Alleged cases of medical liability in GS represented 11.2% of the total cases analysed by the CML. We estimated that in Portugal, 4:100,000 surgeries are subject to litigation. The majority of complaints were due to the patient's death (75.4%), with laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgeries representing 55.2% of cases. In 76.1% of the cases, the CML believed that there was no violation of legesartis and in 55.2% of cases, no causal nexus was found between the medical practice and the alleged harm. The PPO prosecuted physicians in 6.4% of the cases and resulted in one conviction. Finally, the importance of the CML reports as a relevant technical-scientific tool for judicial decision was evident because these reports significantly (p < 0.05) influenced the prosecutor's decision, whether to prosecute or not.

  3. The impact of case reports in oral and maxillofacial surgery.

    PubMed

    Nabil, S; Samman, N

    2012-07-01

    This review examines the effect of publishing case reports on journal impact factor and future research. All case reports published in the four major English language oral and maxillofacial surgery journals in the two year period, 2007-2008, were searched manually. The citation data of each case report were retrieved from the ISI online database. The number, percentage and mean citations received by case reports and their relation to the 2009 journal impact factor were analysed. Case reports which received more than 5 citations were also identified and all of the citing articles retrieved and analysed. Thirty-one percent of all articles published in major oral and maxillofacial journals in 2007-2008 were case reports. Case reports had a low citation rate with a mean citation of less than 1. There were 38 (7.2%) case reports with more than 5 citations and 30% of the citing articles were also case reports. The publication of case reports negatively affected journal impact factor which correlated directly with the percentage of case reports published within a journal. Case reports reporting recent topics, describing new treatment/diagnosis method and with a literature review were more likely to receive citations. Copyright © 2012 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Paravertebral block for patients older than 80 years in one day surgery elective mastectomy.

    PubMed

    Compagnone, Christian; Schiappa, Eleonora; Bellantonio, Daniele; Ghirardi, Gianluca; Rossini, Elisabetta; Tagliaferri, Fernanda; Fanelli, Guido

    2014-01-23

    Paravertebral block (PVB) has been proposed as an alternative to General anaesthesia (GA) for breast surgery. It provides good operative anaesthesia, good pain control with little adverse effects. Six women older than 80 year were selected. All patients were post-operatively interviewed about the presence of pain, nausea and vomiting. All patients declared absence of pain and nausea and that they were satisfied with the procedure. The use of PVB allows elderly patients to undergo ambulatory surgery for the treatment of breast cancer with satisfaction. This technique allows a short recovery and adequate postoperative pain relief with reduced hospital costs.

  5. One day surgery in the treatment of benign prostatic enlargement with thulium laser: A single institution experience

    PubMed Central

    Carmignani, Luca; Macchi, Alberto; Ratti, Dario; Finkelberg, Elisabetta; Casellato, Stefano; Maruccia, Serena; Marenghi, Carlo

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Various articles have previously addressed the introduction of new surgical laser therapies for an enlarged prostate gland causing obstructive symptoms. The objective of this study was to report the feasibility of performing the thulium laser vapo-enucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) procedure for benign prostatic obstruction in a 1-day surgery. Materials and Methods From September 2011 to September 2013, we conducted a prospective study on patients who underwent ThuVEP in a 1-day surgery. The primary outcomes measured perioperatively included operative time, resected tissue weight, hemoglobin decrease, transfusion rate, postoperative irrigation and catheterization time, and postoperative hospital stay. Also, the preoperative and postoperative International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and results of uroflowmetry performed on the 7th and 30th postoperative days were recorded. All perioperative and postoperative complications were monitored. Results A total of 53 patients underwent the surgical treatment in a 1-day surgery. Seven patients continued antiaggregant therapy with aspirin. Mean preoperative prostatic adenoma volume was 56.6 mL. Mean operative time was 71 minutes. The average catheter time was 14.8 hours. The peak urinary flow rate on day 7 improved from 9.3 to 17.42 mL/s (p<0.001) and the IPSS improved from 18 to 10.2 (p<0.01). Patients were routinely discharged on the day of catheter removal. No complications were recorded. Conclusions ThuVEP can be safely conducted as a 1-day surgical procedure. This strategy results in cost savings. ThuVEP shows good standardized outcomes with respect to improvement in flow parameters and length of bladder catheterization. PMID:25964837

  6. One day surgery in the treatment of benign prostatic enlargement with thulium laser: A single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Carmignani, Luca; Macchi, Alberto; Ratti, Dario; Finkelberg, Elisabetta; Casellato, Stefano; Maruccia, Serena; Marenghi, Carlo; Picozzi, Stefano Carlo Maria

    2015-05-01

    Various articles have previously addressed the introduction of new surgical laser therapies for an enlarged prostate gland causing obstructive symptoms. The objective of this study was to report the feasibility of performing the thulium laser vapo-enucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) procedure for benign prostatic obstruction in a 1-day surgery. From September 2011 to September 2013, we conducted a prospective study on patients who underwent ThuVEP in a 1-day surgery. The primary outcomes measured perioperatively included operative time, resected tissue weight, hemoglobin decrease, transfusion rate, postoperative irrigation and catheterization time, and postoperative hospital stay. Also, the preoperative and postoperative International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and results of uroflowmetry performed on the 7th and 30th postoperative days were recorded. All perioperative and postoperative complications were monitored. A total of 53 patients underwent the surgical treatment in a 1-day surgery. Seven patients continued antiaggregant therapy with aspirin. Mean preoperative prostatic adenoma volume was 56.6 mL. Mean operative time was 71 minutes. The average catheter time was 14.8 hours. The peak urinary flow rate on day 7 improved from 9.3 to 17.42 mL/s (p<0.001) and the IPSS improved from 18 to 10.2 (p<0.01). Patients were routinely discharged on the day of catheter removal. No complications were recorded. ThuVEP can be safely conducted as a 1-day surgical procedure. This strategy results in cost savings. ThuVEP shows good standardized outcomes with respect to improvement in flow parameters and length of bladder catheterization.

  7. Association of Postoperative High-Sensitivity Troponin Levels With Myocardial Injury and 30-Day Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery.

    PubMed

    Devereaux, P J; Biccard, Bruce M; Sigamani, Alben; Xavier, Denis; Chan, Matthew T V; Srinathan, Sadeesh K; Walsh, Michael; Abraham, Valsa; Pearse, Rupert; Wang, C Y; Sessler, Daniel I; Kurz, Andrea; Szczeklik, Wojciech; Berwanger, Otavio; Villar, Juan Carlos; Malaga, German; Garg, Amit X; Chow, Clara K; Ackland, Gareth; Patel, Ameen; Borges, Flavia Kessler; Belley-Cote, Emilie P; Duceppe, Emmanuelle; Spence, Jessica; Tandon, Vikas; Williams, Colin; Sapsford, Robert J; Polanczyk, Carisi A; Tiboni, Maria; Alonso-Coello, Pablo; Faruqui, Atiya; Heels-Ansdell, Diane; Lamy, Andre; Whitlock, Richard; LeManach, Yannick; Roshanov, Pavel S; McGillion, Michael; Kavsak, Peter; McQueen, Matthew J; Thabane, Lehana; Rodseth, Reitze N; Buse, Giovanna A Lurati; Bhandari, Mohit; Garutti, Ignacia; Jacka, Michael J; Schünemann, Holger J; Cortes, Olga Lucía; Coriat, Pierre; Dvirnik, Nazari; Botto, Fernando; Pettit, Shirley; Jaffe, Allan S; Guyatt, Gordon H

    2017-04-25

    Little is known about the relationship between perioperative high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) measurements and 30-day mortality and myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS). To determine the association between perioperative hsTnT measurements and 30-day mortality and potential diagnostic criteria for MINS (ie, myocardial injury due to ischemia associated with 30-day mortality). Prospective cohort study of patients aged 45 years or older who underwent inpatient noncardiac surgery and had a postoperative hsTnT measurement. Starting in October 2008, participants were recruited at 23 centers in 13 countries; follow-up finished in December 2013. Patients had hsTnT measurements 6 to 12 hours after surgery and daily for 3 days; 40.4% had a preoperative hsTnT measurement. A modified Mazumdar approach (an iterative process) was used to determine if there were hsTnT thresholds associated with risk of death and had an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 3.0 or higher and a risk of 30-day mortality of 3% or higher. To determine potential diagnostic criteria for MINS, regression analyses ascertained if postoperative hsTnT elevations required an ischemic feature (eg, ischemic symptom or electrocardiography finding) to be associated with 30-day mortality. Among 21 842 participants, the mean age was 63.1 (SD, 10.7) years and 49.1% were female. Death within 30 days after surgery occurred in 266 patients (1.2%; 95% CI, 1.1%-1.4%). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that compared with the reference group (peak hsTnT <5 ng/L), peak postoperative hsTnT levels of 20 to less than 65 ng/L, 65 to less than 1000 ng/L, and 1000 ng/L or higher had 30-day mortality rates of 3.0% (123/4049; 95% CI, 2.6%-3.6%), 9.1% (102/1118; 95% CI, 7.6%-11.0%), and 29.6% (16/54; 95% CI, 19.1%-42.8%), with corresponding adjusted HRs of 23.63 (95% CI, 10.32-54.09), 70.34 (95% CI, 30.60-161.71), and 227.01 (95% CI, 87.35-589.92), respectively. An absolute hsTnT change of 5 ng/L or higher was associated

  8. Distress and Psychosocial Needs in Patients Accessing a Cancer Day Surgery Division: Implications for Clinical Decision Making

    PubMed Central

    Arnaboldi, Paola; Riva, Silvia; Vadilonga, Valeria; Tadini, Liliana; Magon, Giorgio; Pravettoni, Gabriella

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The Distress Thermometer (DT) was built and validated for screening cancer patients for distress, as suggested by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The current work was designed to measure the rates of distress in a sample of patients being hospitalized in a multidisciplinary outpatient surgery clinic. Objective: To measure the rates of distress in a sample of patients referring to a multidisciplinary day surgery division in a comprehensive cancer center based in Northern Italy. Methods: A total of 177 patients were asked to fill in the (DT) before surgery. Results: Out of 177 patients, 154 (87%) patients completed the DT. While 13% of the patients indicated a total absence of distress, more than half of the sample declared a moderate or high distress. A total of 55% of patients presented at least three difficulties in the Problem List Checklist. Distress was not correlated with age or other medical and clinical variables. Number of emotional problems was the best predictor of distress at admission (β = 0.655, p = 0.000). Conclusion: Screening for distress in a day surgery multidisciplinary oncology division is feasible and a relevant percentage of patients can be identified as clinically distressed. Outcomes also highlight the impact of age and precise physical and psycho-social signs as prognostic indicators of clinically significant distress. Measurement of distress and associated problems list represent the preliminary endpoint toward adequate recommendations that contribute to taking care of distress in cancer patients in cost-effective clinical setting. PMID:28082946

  9. Visual function and vision-related quality of life after macular hole surgery with short-duration, 3-day face-down positioning.

    PubMed

    Rayat, Jaspreet; Almeida, David R P; Belliveau, Michel; Wong, Jonathan; Gale, Jeffrey

    2011-10-01

    To investigate the relationship of vision-related quality of life (VRQOL) and visual function in patients undergoing macular-hole (MH) repair with and without cataract surgery and short-duration, 3-day prone posturing. Previous communications have assessed VRQOL in European and Japanese populations, but this is the first study to investigate VRQOL after MH surgery in a Canadian population. Prospective interventional case series. We studied 20 consecutive eyes in 19 patients with stage 2 and 3 idiopathic macular holes. Of those, 15 received combined cataract and MH surgery, and 5 received MH repair alone. Patients completed the self-administered National Eye Institute 25-item Visual Function Questionnaire before and after surgery. All patients received full ocular examinations pre- and postsurgery. Along with the questionnaire scores, we examined macular-hole closure rates, complications, postoperative visual acuity, and intraocular pressure. Macular-hole closure was achieved in 20 of 20 eyes (100%). Mean postoperative logMAR decreased (i.e., improved) by -0.303 (95% CI, -0.501-- -0.105, p = 0.0047). The Visual Function Questionnaire composite score rose from 82.019 ± 12.612 SD to 88.499 ± 7.963 SD (p = 0.012). Subscale scores, including general vision, near activities, mental health, role difficulties, and dependency were all significantly improved (p < 0.05). No complications or intraocular pressure increases were observed. Macular-hole surgery followed by short-duration, 3-day face-down positioning significantly improved VRQOL and visual acuity in a group of Canadian patients. The use of VRQOL tools alongside anatomic outcomes provide a more comprehensive overview of patients' experiences and satisfaction after surgical intervention. Copyright © 2011 Canadian Ophthalmological Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Same-Day Surgery Preparation: Reduction of Pediatric Patient Arousal and Distress through Participant Modeling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faust, Jan; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Children (n=26) were exposed to one of three surgery preparatory conditions: participant modeling alone, participant modeling with mother, and standard procedure control. Children exposed to modeling alone had significant reductions in physiological arousal after treatment compared to other groups. Both modeling groups exhibited significantly…

  11. Readmission Rate and Causes at 90-Day after Radical Cystectomy in Patients on Early Recovery after Surgery Protocol.

    PubMed

    Altobelli, Emanuela; Buscarini, Maurizio; Gill, Harcharan S; Skinner, Eila C

    2017-01-27

    Background: Radical cystectomy (RC) is associated with high risk of early and late perioperative complications, and readmissions. The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol has been applied to RC showing decreased hospital stay without increased morbidity. Objective: To evaluate the specific causes of hospital readmissions in RC patients treated before and after adoption of an ERAS protocol at our institution. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the outcome of 207 RC patients on ERAS protocol at the Stanford University Hospital from January 2012 to December 2014. We focused on early (30-day) and late (90-day) postoperative readmission rate and causes. Results were compared with a pre-ERAS consecutive series of 177 RC patients from January 2009 to December 2011. Results: In the post-ERAS time period a total of 56 patients were readmitted, 41 within the first 30 days after surgery (20%) and 15 within the following 60 days (7%). Fever, often associated with dehydration, was the most common reason for presentation to the hospital, accounting for 57% of all readmissions. At 90 days infection accounted for 53% of readmissions. Of all the patients readmitted during the first 90 days after surgery, 32 had positive urine cultures, mostly caused by Enterococcus faecalis isolated in 18 (56%). Readmission rates did not increase since the introduction of the ERAS protocol, with an incidence of 27% in the post-ERAS group versus 30% in the pre-ERAS group. Conclusions: Despite accurate adherence to most recent perioperative antibiotic guidelines, the incidence of readmissions after RC due to infection still remains significant.

  12. Readmission Rate and Causes at 90-Day after Radical Cystectomy in Patients on Early Recovery after Surgery Protocol

    PubMed Central

    Altobelli, Emanuela; Buscarini, Maurizio; Gill, Harcharan S.; Skinner, Eila C.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Radical cystectomy (RC) is associated with high risk of early and late perioperative complications, and readmissions. The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol has been applied to RC showing decreased hospital stay without increased morbidity. Objective: To evaluate the specific causes of hospital readmissions in RC patients treated before and after adoption of an ERAS protocol at our institution. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the outcome of 207 RC patients on ERAS protocol at the Stanford University Hospital from January 2012 to December 2014. We focused on early (30-day) and late (90-day) postoperative readmission rate and causes. Results were compared with a pre-ERAS consecutive series of 177 RC patients from January 2009 to December 2011. Results: In the post-ERAS time period a total of 56 patients were readmitted, 41 within the first 30 days after surgery (20%) and 15 within the following 60 days (7%). Fever, often associated with dehydration, was the most common reason for presentation to the hospital, accounting for 57% of all readmissions. At 90 days infection accounted for 53% of readmissions. Of all the patients readmitted during the first 90 days after surgery, 32 had positive urine cultures, mostly caused by Enterococcus faecalis isolated in 18 (56%). Readmission rates did not increase since the introduction of the ERAS protocol, with an incidence of 27% in the post-ERAS group versus 30% in the pre-ERAS group. Conclusions: Despite accurate adherence to most recent perioperative antibiotic guidelines, the incidence of readmissions after RC due to infection still remains significant. PMID:28149935

  13. Priority setting and cardiac surgery: a qualitative case study.

    PubMed

    Walton, Nancy A; Martin, Douglas K; Peter, Elizabeth H; Pringle, Dorothy M; Singer, Peter A

    2007-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe priority setting in cardiac surgery and evaluate it using an ethical framework, "accountability for reasonableness". Cardiac surgery is an expensive part of hospital budgets. Priority setting decisions are made daily regarding ever increasing volumes of patients. While much attention has been paid to the management of cardiac surgery waiting lists, little empirical research exists into the way actual decision makers deliberate upon and resolve priority setting decisions on a daily basis. A key goal of priority setting, in cardiac surgical areas as well as others, is fairness. "Accountability for reasonableness" is a leading ethical framework for fair priority setting, and can be used to identify opportunities for improvement (i.e. make it fairer) and highlight good practices. A case study was conducted to examine the process of priority setting processes at three University of Toronto affiliated cardiac surgery centres. Relevant documents were examined, weekly triage rounds were observed for 27 months, and interviews were carried out with 23 key participants including cardiac surgeons, cardiologists, and triage nurses. In data analysis, the conditions of "accountability for reasonableness" (relevance, publicity, appeals and enforcement) were used as an analytic lens. While decisions may appear to be based strictly upon clinical criteria (e.g. coronary anatomy); non-clinical criteria also have an impact upon decision-making (e.g. patients' lifestyle choices, type of surgical practice and departmental constraints on resource use). Participants stated that these factors influence their decision-making and can result in unfair and inconsistent decisions. PUBLICITY: Non-clinical reasons are not publicly accessible, nor are they clearly acknowledged in discussions between cardiac clinicians. APPEALS: There are mechanisms for challenging decisions however without access to the non-clinical reasons, this can be problematic

  14. Two rare cases of Acremonium acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery in a tertiary care hospital.

    PubMed

    Calderaro, Adriana; Motta, Federica; Larini, Sandra; Gorrini, Chiara; Martinelli, Monica; Piscopo, Giovanni; Benecchi, Magda; Arcangeletti, Maria Cristina; Medici, Maria Cristina; De Conto, Flora; Montecchini, Sara; Neri, Alberto; Scaroni, Patrizia; Gandolfi, Stefano; Chezzi, Carlo

    2013-10-01

    This report describes two cases of Acremonium sp. endophthalmitis, occurring in two patients who underwent cataract surgery on the same day in the same operating room of our hospital ophthalmology clinic. Diagnosis of fungal endophthalmitis was established by the repeated isolation of the same fungal agent from vitreous washing, acqueous fluid and intraocular lens samples and by its identification on the basis of morphological and molecular features. The cases reported in this study emphasize the need for clinical microbiology laboratories to be prepared to face the diagnosis of uncommon infectious diseases such as exogenous fungal endophthalmitis by Acremonium, and to enhance the awareness of surgeons and clinicians of this occurrence.

  15. [Endoscopic sinus surgery, clinical observation with 165 cases].

    PubMed

    Xie, Yunping; Wu, Jian; Huang, Jifeng; Que, Zhenru; Cai, Jiyi; Huang, Qinhui

    2002-05-01

    To observe the long-term curative effect of endoscopic sinus surgery(ESS). 165 cases (276 sides) of chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps were treated with ESS, and following up survey 1 year post-operatively. It was found that 107 cases were cured (64.8%), 43 cases achieved symptomatic relief (26.1%), 15 cases remained failure (9.1%), and the effective rate was 90.9%, mainly operative complication was adhesion of nasal cavity. The curative effect of ESS was successful. It is effective to use reasonable concentration hemostasin to hemostasia, it is very important to treat middle turbinate precisely, and regularly follow-up could reduce operation complications.

  16. [Totally robotic mitral valve surgery in 60 cases].

    PubMed

    Yang, Ming; Gao, Chang-qing; Wang, Gang; Wang, Jia-li; Xiao, Cang-song; Wu, Yang

    2011-10-01

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of robotic mitral valve surgery using da Vinci S system. We conducted a retrospective review of 60 robotic mitral surgeries from March 2007 to December 2010. Of the 60 patients, 44 underwent mitral valve repair and 16 received mitral valve replacement. The surgical approach was through 4 right chest ports with femoral and internal jugular vein cannulations. Transesophageal echocardiography was used intraoperatively to estimate the surgical results. None of the cases required a conversion to a median sternotomy. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass and cardiac arrest time was 132.2∓29.6 min and 88.1∓22.3 min for robotic mitral valve repair, and was 137.1∓21.9 min and 99.3∓17.4 min for robotic mitral valve replacement. Echocardiographic follow-up of all the patients revealed 3 cases of slight regurgitation in mitral valve repair group. In selected patients with mitral valve disease, robotic mitral surgery can be performed safely.

  17. Hip salvage surgery in cerebral palsy cases: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    de Souza, Rafael Carboni; Mansano, Marcelo Valentim; Bovo, Miguel; Yamada, Helder Henzo; Rancan, Daniela Regina; Fucs, Patricia Maria de Moraes Barros; Svartman, Celso; de Assumpção, Rodrigo Montezuma César

    2015-01-01

    Imbalance and muscle spasticity, in association with coxa valga and persistent femoral anteversion, compromises hip development in cases of cerebral palsy and may result in chronic pain and even dislocation. Some of these hips undergo salvage surgery because of the severe impact of their abnormalities in these patients' quality of life. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to compare the results from the main hip salvage techniques applied to these individuals. The literature search focused on studies that evaluated results from hip salvage surgery in cases of cerebral palsy, published from 1970 to 2011, which are present in the Embase, Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Library and SciELO databases. Although the results were not statistically comparable, this systematic review demonstrates that hip salvage surgery should be indicated after individual evaluation on each patient, due to the wide spectrum of presentations of cerebral palsy. Therefore, it seems that no surgical technique is superior to any other. Rather, there are different indications.

  18. Impact of Peri-Operative Acute Kidney Injury as a Severity Index for 30-day Readmission After Cardiac Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Jeremiah R.; Parikh, Chirag R.; Ross, Cathy S.; Kramer, Robert S.; Magnus, Patrick C.; Chaisson, Kristine; Boss, Richard A.; Helm, Robert E.; Horton, Susan R.; Hofmaster, Patricia; Desaulniers, Helen; Blajda, Pamela; Westbrook, Benjamin M.; Duquette, Dennis; LeBlond, Kelly; Quinn, Reed D.; Jones, Cheryl; DiScipio, Anthony W.; Malenka, David J.

    2014-01-01

    Background Of patients undergoing cardiac surgery in the United States, 15–20% are re-hospitalized within 30-days. Current models to predict readmission have not evaluated the association between severity of post-operative acute kidney injury (AKI) and 30-day readmissions. Methods We collected data from 2,209 consecutive patients who underwent either coronary artery bypass (CABG) or valve surgery at seven member hospitals of the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group Cardiac Surgery Registry (NNE) between July 2008 and December 2010. Administrative data at each hospital was searched to identify all patients readmitted to the index hospital within 30 days of discharge. We defined AKI Stages by the AKI Network definition of 0.3 or 50% increase (Stage 1), 2-fold increase (stage 2) and a 3-fold or 0.5 increase if the baseline serum creatinine was at least 4.0 (mg/dL) or new dialysis (stage 3). We evaluate the association between stages of AKI and 30-day readmission using multivariate logistic regression. Results There were 260 patients readmitted within 30-days (12.1%). The median time to readmission was 9 (IQR 4–16) days. Patients not developing AKI following cardiac surgery had a 30-day readmission rate of 9.3% compared to patients developing AKI stage 1 (16.1%), AKI stage 2 (21.8%) and AKI stage 3 (28.6%, p <0.001). Adjusted odds ratios for AKI stage 1 (1.81; 1.35, 2.44), stage 2 (2.39; 1.38, 4.14) and stage 3 (3.47; 1.85–6.50). Models to predict readmission were significantly improved with the addition of AKI stage (c-statistic 0.65, p = 0.001) and net reclassification rate of 14.6% (95%CI: 5.05% to 24.14%, p = .003). Conclusions In addition to more traditional patient characteristics, the severity of post-operative AKI should be used when assessing a patient’s risk for readmission. PMID:24119985

  19. Bilateral cortical blindness after lumbar spine surgery. A case report.

    PubMed

    Huber, J F; Grob, D

    1998-08-15

    A report of the unusual perioperative complication of bilateral cortical blindness after lumbar spine surgery. The hypothetical causes that can lead to this syndrome in spine surgery and the precautions are discussed. The circumstances surrounding the occurrence of perioperative cortical blindness, the explanation of possible mechanisms, and the patients at risk are evaluated. There have been no similar reports. Case report with description of the syndrome of cortical blindness, the diagnostic tools, and the different pathophysiologic causes. The severe impairment of visual capacities remained unchanged; some color discrimination and the differentiation between dark and daylight were possible. In obese patients (body mass index > 30) puncture of the subclavian vein and rotating and positioning of the patient in one step should be performed carefully.

  20. Persistent vertical diplopia after cataract surgery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Migliorini, R; Fratipietro, M; Segnalini, A; Arrico, L

    2013-01-01

    Diplopia is an event that can occur following cataract surgery, although its rate of occurrence is limited and ranges from 0.67% to 0.85%. The authors present a case of vertical diplopia arising after peribulbar anaesthesia for cataract surgery in a 78-year-old woman. Diplopia appeared at distance in primary position, while at near there was binocular single vision. Stereopsis was present at the Lang I - II Test, but the Wirth Test was incomplete. Although in the literature the frequency of these "accidents" is very limited, we think it is relevant to emphasize the need to perform pre-operative routine using a careful orthoptic examination along with a thorough medical, especially strabological, history.

  1. 42 CFR 412.82 - Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day outliers).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day... Certain Replaced Devices Payment for Outlier Cases § 412.82 Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day... discharge includes covered days of care beyond the applicable threshold criterion, the intermediary...

  2. 42 CFR 412.82 - Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day outliers).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day... Certain Replaced Devices Payment for Outlier Cases § 412.82 Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day... discharge includes covered days of care beyond the applicable threshold criterion, the intermediary...

  3. 42 CFR 412.82 - Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day outliers).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day... Certain Replaced Devices Payment for Outlier Cases § 412.82 Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day... discharge includes covered days of care beyond the applicable threshold criterion, the intermediary...

  4. 42 CFR 412.82 - Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day outliers).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day... Certain Replaced Devices Payment for Outlier Cases § 412.82 Payment for extended length-of-stay cases (day... discharge includes covered days of care beyond the applicable threshold criterion, the intermediary...

  5. Management of postoperative pain after Lumbar surgery-pregabalin for one day and 14 days-a randomized, triple-blinded, placebo-controlled study.

    PubMed

    Zarei, Mohammad; Najafi, Arvin; Mansouri, Pejman; Sadeghi-Yazdankhah, Sadaf; Saberi, Houshang; Moradi, Mehran; Farzan, Mahmoud

    2016-12-01

    Despite the progress in understanding acute pain physiology during recent decade, eighty percent of patients still suffer from post-operative discomfort. Pregabalin is an anticonvulsant agent that is approved for painful neuropathies in diabetic patients and post herpetic neuralgia. The main objective of the present study was to compare the improvement in post-operative pain management and patient lifestyle in 3 groups, as first group received placebo, second who received Pregabalin for one day and the last group those who received it for 14 days. This was a prospective single center, randomized, triple-blind, 3-arm, parallel group study. In this triple-blind study, patients were randomized to 1 of 3 groups using computer-generated random number table. 1) The first group received placebo for 14 days, the second group received Pregabalin 300mg 8h preoperatively and 150mg 12 and 24h postoperatively and for the rest of 13days received placebo and the third group received Pregabalin 300mg eight hours preoperatively and 15mg every 12h postoperatively for 14 days. Name, age, gender, height, weight, education, duration of pain, past medical history, drug history,total morphine requirement at the time of discharge and MRI findings of all the patients were recorded, also they Numerical scale system (NRS) and Oswestry low back pain disability index (ODI) questionnaire were completed for them. All the patients were operated based on standard surgery techniques, bilateral foramenotomy and interlaminar discectomy. Of the 105 patients who entered the run-in period, 47 patients (44.8%) were female and 58 (55.2%) were male. The Patients radicular pain mean score based on NRS estimated before surgery was 7.22±1.95 in pregabalin14, 7.71±1.84 in pregabalin1 and 7.45±1.9 in control group. There were no statically significant differences between three groups (P-Value>0.05). The Patients back pain mean score based on NRS was 5.2±2.87 in pregabalin14, 5.11±3.23 in pregabalin1 and 6

  6. Application of ultrasound in bone surgery: two case reports.

    PubMed

    Escoda-Francolí, Jaume; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Araceli; Berini-Aytés, Leonardo; Gay-Escoda, Cosme

    2010-11-01

    The present study describes some of the applications of ultrasound in bone surgery, based on the presentation of two clinical cases. The Piezosurgery® ultrasound device was used (Tecnología Mectron Medical, Carasco, Italy). In one case the instrument was used to harvest a chin bone graft for placement in a bone defect at level 1.2, while in the other case a bony window osteotomy was made in the external wall of the maxillary sinus, in the context of a sinus membrane lift procedure. The Piezosurgery® device produces specific ultrasound frequency modulation (25-29 kHz), and has been designed to secure increased precision in application to bone surgery. This instrument produces selective sectioning of the mineralized bone structures, and causes less intra- and postoperative bleeding. One of the advantages of the Piezosurgery® device is that it can be used for maxillary sinus lift procedures in dental implant placement. In this context it considerably lessens the risk of sinus mucosa laceration by preparing the bony window in the external wall of the upper maxilla, and can be used to complete the lifting maneuver. The use of ultrasound in application to hard tissues can be regarded as a slow technique compared with the conventional rotary instruments, since it requires special surgical skill and involves a certain learning curve.

  7. [Results of bronchiectasis surgery: About 64 cases].

    PubMed

    Rabiou, S; Issoufou, I; Ammor, F Z; Harmouchi, H; Belliraj, L; Lakranbi, M; Serraj, M; Ouadnouni, Y; Smahi, M

    2017-09-01

    Bronchiectasis is a serious and disabling disease. Surgical treatment is an interesting alternative to be proposed early to patients in case of complications or deterioration of quality of life, despite an optimal medical treatment. Through this retrospective study and literature review, we analyze surgical results for bronchiectasis. We conducted a monocentric, retrospective, descriptive and analytical study in the Department of thoracic surgery of CHU Hassan II Fès, about 64 patients operated for bronchiectasis during the period from January 2009 to December 2016. There were 30 men and 34 women with an average age of 32years. Twenty six percent (26 %) had a history of recurrent lung infection, and 17.18 % would have been treated for pulmonary tuberculosis and declared cured. Productive cough (93 %), morning chronic bronchorrhea (92 %) and repeatedly hemoptysis (62.5 %) were the main symptoms. On CT scanning, the bronchiectasis was unilateral and localized in 49 cases. The right lung was involved in 27 cases and the location was bilateral in 15 cases. It was 38 cystic bronchiectasis, 16 cylindrical bronchiectasis, and 10 mixed lesions predominantly cylindrical. The flexible bronchoscopy carried out in 34 cases, had shown a carcinoid tumor in 1 case, a bronchiolithiasis in 1 case and a intrabronchial foreign body in 1 case. The incision was a conservative posterolateral thoracotomy in all cases. The performed surgical procedure was lobectomy in 53 % of patients. The morbidity rate was 32.80 % and dominated by septic complications. After a mean follow-up of 20.52months, 2 cases of recurrence minimal hemoptysis and 1 case of renewed bronchorrhea are noted. For all other patients the outcome was favorable and no deaths have been noted to date. The surgery of bronchiectasis requires a perfect collaboration between the pulmonologist, the thoracic surgeon, the anesthesiologist, the biologist and particularly the physiotherapist for an optimal care

  8. Day of Surgery Impacts Outcome: Rehabilitation Utilization on Hospital Length of Stay in Patients Undergoing Elective Meningioma Resection.

    PubMed

    Sarkiss, Christopher A; Papin, Joseph A; Yao, Amy; Lee, James; Sefcik, Roberta K; Oermann, Eric K; Gordon, Errol L; Post, Kalmon D; Bederson, Joshua B; Shrivastava, Raj K

    2016-09-01

    Meningiomas account for approximately one third of all brain tumors in the United States. In high-volume medical centers, the average length of stay (LOS) for a patient is 6.8 days compared with 8.8 days in low-volume centers with median total admission charges equaling approximately $55,000. To our knowledge, few studies have evaluated day of surgery and its effect on hospital LOS. Our primary goal was to analyze patient outcome as a direct result of surgical date, as well as to characterize the individual variables that may impact their hospital course, early access to rehabilitation, and long-term functional status. A retrospective database was generated for cranial meningioma patients who underwent elective surgical resection at our institution over a 3-year study period (2011-2014). Inclusion criteria included any patient who underwent elective meningioma resection and was discharged either home or to a rehabilitation facility with at least 6 months of follow-up. Exclusion criteria included any patient who was not discharged after resection (i.e., expired). Each patient's medical record was evaluated for a subset of demographics and clinical variables. Given that patients who undergo surgical resection of meningiomas have a national median LOS of 6 days, we subdivided the patients into 2 cohorts: early discharge (LOS < 3) and late discharge (LOS ≥ 3). Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 21.0 to assess the significance of the results. We identified 139 (25 male, 114 female) meningioma patients who underwent surgical resection. Seventy of these patients had surgery during the early week (defined as Monday-Wednesday), and 69 had surgery in the later week (Thursday-Friday). The median age for both early and late groups was 58, and the median diameter of the tumor was 3.1 cm and 3.3 cm, respectively. Overall, 55% of the patients had public insurance and 43% had private insurance, with no significant variation between the early and late groups. The

  9. Asystole during posterior fossa surgery: Report of two cases

    PubMed Central

    Goyal, Keshav; Philip, Frenny Ann; Rath, Girija Prasad; Mahajan, Charu; Sujatha, M.; Bharti, Sachidanand Jee; Gupta, Nidhi

    2012-01-01

    Asystole during posterior fossa neurosurgical procedures is not uncommon. Various causes have been implicated, especially when surgical manipulation is carried out in the vicinity of the brain stem. The trigemino-cardiac reflex has been attributed as one of the causes. Here, we report two cases who suffered asystole during the resection of posterior fossa tumors. The vago-glossopharyngeal reflex and the direct stimulation of the brainstem were hypothesized as the causes of asytole. These episodes resolved spontaneously following withdrawal of the surgical stimulus emphasizing the importance of anticipation and vigilance during critical moments of tumor dissection during posterior fossa surgery. PMID:22870159

  10. Use of day 1 early morning cortisol to predict the need for glucocorticoid replacement after pituitary surgery.

    PubMed

    Bondugulapati, L N Rao; Campbell, Christopher; Chowdhury, Sharmistha Roy; Goetz, Pablo; Davies, J Stephen; Rees, D Aled; Hayhurst, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    Assessment of adrenal reserve in patients who have undergone pituitary surgery is crucial. However, there is no clear consensus with regards to the type and timing of the test that should be used in the immediate post-operative period. Recently, there has been increased interest in measuring post-operative cortisol levels. We present our data utilising day 1 post-operative early morning cortisol as a tool to assess adrenal reserve in steroid-naive patients. A retrospective analysis of endoscopic pituitary surgery undertaken over a 2-year period. 82 patients underwent 84 surgeries in total. Patients who were already on glucocorticoids pre-operatively and patients with Cushing's disease, pituitary apoplexy and those without follow-up data were excluded, leaving a study group of 44 patients with 45 operations. A 9am day 1 post-operative cortisol value of > 400 nmol/L was taken as an indicator of adequate adrenal reserve. All the patients were reassessed at 6 weeks with a standard short synacthen test (SST) using 250 micrograms of intravenous synacthen. 22 out of 45 patients had a cortisol value of > 400 nmol/L on day 1 post-operatively and were discharged without glucocorticoid supplementation. Of these, only 2 patients subsequently failed the SST when reassessed at 6-8 weeks. The remaining 23 patients had a cortisol value of < 400 nmol/L on day 1 post-operatively and were discharged on hydrocortisone 10 mg twice daily. At 6-8 weeks, nine continued to show suboptimal stimulated cortisol levels whereas the remaining fourteen patients showed adequate adrenal reserve. The 9 am cortisol value had high specificity (81.8%) and positive predictive value (90.9%) for integrity of the HPA axis. Sensitivity was 58.8% and negative predictive value was 39.1%. A day 1 post-operative early morning cortisol is a useful tool to predict adrenal reserve post-pituitary surgery, enabling clinicians to avoid unnecessary blanket glucocorticoid replacement.

  11. A risk score for predicting 30-day mortality in heart failure patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

    PubMed

    Andersson, Charlotte; Gislason, Gunnar H; Hlatky, Mark A; Søndergaard, Kathrine Bach; Pallisgaard, Jannik; Smith, J Gustav; Vasan, Ramachandran S; Larson, Martin G; Jensen, Per Føge; Køber, Lars; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2014-12-01

    Heart failure is an established risk factor for poor outcomes in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery, yet risk stratification remains a clinical challenge. We developed an index for 30-day mortality risk prediction in this particular group. All individuals with heart failure undergoing non-cardiac surgery between October 23 2004 and October 31 2011 were included from Danish administrative registers (n = 16 827). In total, 1787 (10.6%) died within 30 days. In a simple risk score based on the variables from the revised cardiac risk index, plus age, gender, acute surgery, and body mass index category the following variables predicted mortality (points): male gender (1), age 56-65 years (2), age 66-75 years (4), age 76-85 years (5), or age >85 years (7), being underweight (4), normal weight (3), or overweight (1), undergoing acute surgery (5), undergoing high-risk procedures (intra-thoracic, intra-abdominal, or suprainguinal aortic) (3), having renal disease (1), cerebrovascular disease (1), and use of insulin (1). The c-statistic was 0.79 and calibration was good. Mortality risk ranged from <2% for a score <5 to >50% for a score ≥20. Internal validation by bootstrapping (1000 re-samples) provided c-statistic of 0.79. A more complex risk score based on stepwise logistic regression including 24 variables at P < 0.05 performed only slightly better, c-statistic = 0.81, but was limited in use by its complexity. For patients with heart failure, this simple index can accurately identify those at low risk for perioperative mortality. © 2014 The Authors European Journal of Heart Failure © 2014 European Society of Cardiology.

  12. Factors influencing same-day hospital discharge and risk factors for readmission after robotic surgery in the gynecologic oncology patient population.

    PubMed

    Rivard, Colleen; Casserly, Kelly; Anderson, Mary; Isaksson Vogel, Rachel; Teoh, Deanna

    2015-02-01

    To determine the factors that allow for a safe outpatient robotic-assisted minimally invasive gynecologic oncology surgery procedure. Retrospective chart review (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). University hospital. All patients (140) undergoing robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery with the gynecologic oncology service from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2013. Risk factors for unsuccessful discharge within 23 hours of surgery and same-day discharge were assessed using logistic regression models. All patients were initially scheduled for same-day discharge. The outpatient surgery group was defined by discharge within 23 hours of the surgery end time, and a same-day surgery subgroup was defined by discharge before midnight on the day of surgery. One hundred fifteen (82.1%) were successfully discharged within 23 hours of surgery, and 90 (64.3%) were discharged the same day. The median hospital stay was 5.3 hours (range, 1-48 hours). Unsuccessful discharge within 23 hours was associated with a preoperative diagnosis of lung disease and intraoperative complications; unsuccessful same-day discharge was associated with older age and later surgery end time. Only 2 patients (1.4%) were readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of surgery. Outpatient robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery is safe and feasible for most gynecologic oncology patients and appears to have a low readmission rate. Older age, preoperative lung disease, and later surgical end time were risk factors for prolonged hospital stay. These patients may benefit from preoperative measures to facilitate earlier discharge. Copyright © 2015 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Comparison of the effects of intrathecal different dosage of levobupivacaine in elective day-case arthroscopy of the knee.

    PubMed

    Onur, Ozlu; Sibel, Alkan Muruvvet; Mustafa, Aksoy; Mehmet, Yalvac

    2010-06-01

    To observe the motor and sensorial block characteristics with different dosage of levobupivacaine during spinal block for the patients undergoing day-case knee arthroscopy. Eighty, 80 ASA physical status I-II patients, undergoing day-case knee arthroscopy received 0.5% levobupivacaine; 7.5 mg in Group I, 10 mg in Group II, 12.5 mg in Group III and 15 mg in Group IV for spinal anesthesia. Maximum sensorial and motor block levels, sensorial and motor block durations, time to required readiness to surgery after block and side effects were recorded. The time required to achieve readiness to surgery was longest and mean duration of sensory and motor block was shortest in Group I. The groups were similar in regards to the number of failed blocks requiring general anaesthesia (p > 0.05). First micturition and unassisted ambulation with crutches times were shortest in Group I (p < 0.01). Home discharge and first additional analgesic request time were similar in four group (p > 0.05). The motor and sensorial block obtained with different spinal anesthesia dosages of 0.5% levobupivacaine were effective for day-case knee artroscopy. Although 7.5 mg is suitable for patients; 10, 12.5 and 15 mg could be used according to anesthetist experience without any side effects.

  14. How creation of a parent satisfaction questionnaire improved multidisciplinary service delivery in a paediatric day surgery unit.

    PubMed

    Bradley, Alison

    2013-01-01

    Auditing patient satisfaction has become a keystone of quality patient centred healthcare. A plethora of patient satisfaction studies exist but only a few studies have been evaluated for their validity, reliability, specificity or psychometric properties. And the majority focus on adult health care. However, if validated tools are not utilised, then inaccurate results could stymie service improvement. The level of satisfaction with the paediatric day surgery service at Tayside Children's Hospital was unknown. Our objective was to measure parent satisfaction with the paediatric day surgery by creating a parent satisfaction questionnaire which has undergone satisfactory testing for validity, reliability, specificity and psychometric properties. A Likert-style questionnaire was constructed through literature review and focus group meetings with professionals, parents and patient groups to establish content validity. Statements worded in positive phrasing were re-worded in negative phrasing to ensure intra-rater reliability. A pilot study was conducted and responses analysed for construct validity and inter-rater agreement. Internal reliability was established using Chronbach's alpha analysis, which produced scores for each part of the questionnaire between 0.7 and 0.9. Overall parent satisfaction was high. 95.48% either strongly agreed or agreed with positively worded statements regarding pre-operative clinic service. In particular 100% satisfaction was reported with the pre-operative phone call which only 70% of participants received. 96.60% strongly agreed or agreed with positive statements regarding service provided on the ward and 87.50% strongly agreed or agreed with positive statements regarding the discharge process. 5% specifically requested improved information giving. In conclusion the parent satisfaction questionnaire was found to have proven validity, reliability, specificity and psychometric properties. Overall parent satisfaction was found to be high

  15. Strategic laparoscopic surgery for improved cosmesis in general and bariatric surgery: analysis of initial 127 cases.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Ninh T; Smith, Brian R; Reavis, Kevin M; Nguyen, Xuan-Mai T; Nguyen, Brian; Stamos, Michael J

    2012-05-01

    Strategic laparoscopic surgery for improved cosmesis (SLIC) is a less invasive surgical approach than conventional laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and safety of SLIC for general and bariatric surgical operations. Additionally, we compared the outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with those performed by the SLIC technique. In an academic medical center, from April 2008 to December 2010, 127 patients underwent SLIC procedures: 38 SLIC cholecystectomy, 56 SLIC gastric banding, 26 SLIC sleeve gastrectomy, 1 SLIC gastrojejunostomy, and 6 SLIC appendectomy. SLIC sleeve gastrectomy was initially performed through a single 4.0-cm supraumbilical incision with extraction of the gastric specimen through the same incision. The technique evolved to laparoscopic incisions that were all placed within the umbilicus and suprapubic region. There were no 30-day or in-hospital mortalities or 30-day re-admissions or re-operations. For SLIC cholecystectomy, gastric banding, appendectomy, and gastrojejunostomy, conversion to conventional laparoscopy occurred in 5.3%, 5.4%, 0%, and 0%, respectively; there were no major or minor postoperative complications. For SLIC sleeve gastrectomy, there were no significant differences in mean operative time and length of hospital stay compared with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy; 1 (3.8%) of 26 SLIC patients required conversion to five-port laparoscopy. There were no major complications. Minor complications occurred in 7.7% in the SLIC sleeve group versus 8.3% in the laparoscopic sleeve group. SLIC in general and bariatric operations is technically feasible, safe, and associated with a low rate of conversion to conventional laparoscopy. Compared with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, SLIC sleeve gastrectomy can be performed without a prolonged operative time with comparable perioperative outcomes.

  16. Patient subjective experience and satisfaction during the perioperative period in the day surgery setting: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Rhodes, Lenore; Miles, Gail; Pearson, Alan

    2006-08-01

    This systematic review used the Joanna Briggs Institute Qualitative Assessment and Review Instrument to manage, appraise, analyse and synthesize textual data in order to present the best available information in relation to how patients experience nursing interventions and care during the perioperative period in the day surgery setting. Some of the significant findings that emerged from the systematic review include the importance of pre-admission contact, provision of relevant, specific education and information, improving communication skills and maintaining patient privacy throughout their continuum of care.

  17. A Historic Case of Cardiac Surgery in Pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Labib, Smael; Harandou, Mustapha

    2016-01-01

    Background. Heart disease is the leading cause of nonobstetric mortality in pregnant women. Because of high risk, medical management represents the first line of treatment. However, when medical treatment fails, cardiac surgery becomes necessary. Case Presentation. A 27-year-old female who underwent successfully cardiac surgery three times within 3 years. At the first time, she had an aortic valve replacement at 25 weeks of gestation after an infectious endocarditis complicated with an ischemic stroke. At 39 weeks of gestation, she had delivered, vaginally, a healthy baby boy weighing 2800 g. In the second time, pregnant again at 30 weeks of gestation, she had a mitral valve replacement with an aortic prosthesis reinforcement after a paraprosthetic regurgitation and a mitral vegetation. A fetal death in utero had occurred; the extraction of the fetus by cesarean section with a tubal ligation was performed after stabilization of the mother. In the third time, she underwent successfully a mitral prosthesis replacement with Bentall's procedure after a mitral prosthesis disinsertion with an abscess of aortic annulus due to new episode of infectious endocarditis. Conclusion. Our patient has assembled almost all poor prognosis factors, which makes her a real historic case, probably never described in the literature. PMID:27803828

  18. A case-control study to identify predictors of 14-day mortality following carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii bacteraemia.

    PubMed

    Nutman, A; Glick, R; Temkin, E; Hoshen, M; Edgar, R; Braun, T; Carmeli, Y

    2014-12-01

    Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is an increasingly common nosocomial pathogen. We sought to identify clinical and microbiological predictors of 14-day mortality among patients with CRAB bacteraemia. This case-control study included all adult patients in one Israeli hospital with CRAB on blood culture between July 2008 and June 2011. Cases were defined as patients who died within 14 days of bacteraemia onset and controls as patients who survived over 14 days. Sequence-typing of the blaOXA-51-like gene and REP-PCR identified CRAB clone groups. Logistic regression was performed to analyze predictors of 14-day all-cause mortality. To correct for differences in treatment onset, Cox regression was used to examine the effect of receiving an active antibiotic. Eighty-three cases and 89 controls were included. Six major CRAB clone groups were identified, with 14-day mortality ranging from 17 to 66%. Independent predictors of 14-day mortality were severity of illness (OR = 1.38 for each 1-point increase in Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score; 95% CI, 1.21, 1.56), independence in activities of daily living (ADL) on admission (OR = 3.40; 95% CI, 1.20, 9.67, for fully dependent vs. independent), surgery before bacteraemia (OR = 0.25; 95% CI, 0.11, 0.59) and clone group (OR = 7.76; 95% CI, 2.52, 23.85, for the most virulent group vs. the reference group). In the multivariate Cox model using a propensity score to adjust for SOFA, clone, ADL and surgery, active antibiotic treatment was protective (HR = 0.30; 95% CI, 0.15, 0.60). Differences in virulence between CRAB clones may partly explain heterogeneous results in previous studies of mortality following CRAB infection.

  19. Lymphopenia and Elevated Blood C-Reactive Protein Levels at Four Days Postoperatively Are Useful Markers for Early Detection of Surgical Site Infection Following Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Shigematsu, Hideki; Koizumi, Munehisa; Nakajima, Hiroshi; Okuda, Akinori; Morimoto, Yasuhiko; Masuda, Keisuke; Tanaka, Yasuhito

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Case-control study. Purpose To identify the characteristics of candidate indexes for early detection of surgical site infection (SSI). Overview of Literature SSI is a serious complication of spinal instrumentation surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for the welfare of the patient postoperation. Methods We retrospectively reviewed laboratory data of patients who underwent posterior lumbar instrumentation surgery for degenerative spine disease. The sensitivity and specificity of six laboratory markers for early detection of SSI were calculated: greater elevation of the white blood cell count at day 7 than at day 4 postoperatively, greater elevation of the C-reactive protein (CRP) level at day 7 than at day 4 postoperatively, a CRP level of >10 mg/dL at 4 days postoperatively, neutrophil percentage of >75% at 4 days postoperatively, a lymphocyte percentage of <10% at 4 days postoperatively, and a lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively. Statistical analysis was via Fisher's exact test and a p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results In total, 85 patients were enrolled. Of these, five patients developed deep SSI. The sensitivity and specificity of each index were as follows: index 1, 20.0% and 77.5%; index 2, 20.0% and 83.8%; index 3, 40.0% and 97.5%; index 4, 40.0% and 86.3%; index 5, 0% and 96.3%; and index 6, 80.0% and 80.0%. A significant difference was noted for indexes 3 and 6. Conclusions A CRP level of >10 mg/dL at 4 days postoperatively would be useful for definitive diagnosis of SSI, and a lymphocyte count of <1,000/µL at 4 days postoperatively would be a useful screening test for SSI. Although laboratory markers for early detection of SSI have been frequently reported, we believe that it is important to understand the characteristics of each index for a precise diagnosis. PMID:27114760

  20. Anesthetic Complication during Maxillofacial Trauma Surgery: A Case Report of Intraoperative Tension Pneumothorax.

    PubMed

    Al Shetawi, Al Haitham; Golden, Leonard; Turner, Michael

    2016-09-01

    Tension pneumothorax is a life-threatening emergency that requires a high index of suspension and immediate intervention to prevent circulatory collapse and death. Only five cases of pneumothorax were described in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery literature. All cases were postoperative complications associated with orthognathic surgery. We report a case of intraoperative tension pneumothorax during a routine facial trauma surgery requiring emergency chest decompression. The possible causes, classification, and reported cases will be presented.

  1. Absence of association between whole blood viscosity and delirium after cardiac surgery: a case-controlled study.

    PubMed

    CheheiliSobbi, Shokoufeh; van den Boogaard, Mark; Slooter, Arjen J C; van Swieten, Henry A; Ceelen, Linda; Pop, Gheorghe; Abdo, Wilson F; Pickkers, Peter

    2016-08-05

    Delirium after cardiothoracic surgery is common and associated with impaired outcomes. Although several mechanisms have been proposed (including changes in cerebral perfusion), the pathophysiology of postoperative delirium remains unclear. Blood viscosity is related to cerebral perfusion and thereby might contribute to the development of delirium after cardiothoracic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether whole blood viscosity differs between cardiothoracic surgery patients with and without delirium. In this observational study postoperative whole blood viscosity of patients that developed delirium (cases) were compared with non-delirious cardiothoracic surgery patients (controls). Cases were matched with the controls, yielding a 1:4 case-control study. Serial hematocrit, fibrinogen, and whole blood viscosity were determined pre-operatively and at each postoperative day. Delirium was assessed using the validated Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit or Delirium Screening Observation scale. In total 80 cardiothoracic surgery patients were screened of whom 12 delirious and 48 matched non-delirious patients were included. No significant difference was found between both groups in fibrinogen (p = 0.36), hematocrit (p = 0.23) and the area under curve of the whole blood viscosity between shear rates 0.02 and 50 s(-1) (p = 0.80) or between shear rates 0.02 and 5 s(-1) (p = 0.78). In this case control study in cardiothoracic surgery patients changes in whole blood viscosity were not associated with the development of delirium.

  2. Perioperative risk assessment in robotic general surgery: lessons learned from 884 cases at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Buchs, Nicolas C; Addeo, Pietro; Bianco, Francesco M; Gorodner, Veronica; Ayloo, Subhashini M; Elli, Enrique F; Oberholzer, José; Benedetti, Enrico; Giulianotti, Pier C

    2012-08-01

    To assess factors associated with morbidity and mortality following the use of robotics in general surgery. Case series. University of Illinois at Chicago. Eight hundred eighty-four consecutive patients who underwent a robotic procedure in our institution between April 2007 and July 2010. Perioperative morbidity and mortality. During the study period, 884 patients underwent a robotic procedure. The conversion rate was 2%, the mortality rate was 0.5%, and the overall postoperative morbidity rate was 16.7%. The reoperation rate was 2.4%. Mean length of stay was 4.5 days (range, 0.2-113 days). In univariate analysis, several factors were associated with increased morbidity and included either patient-related (cardiovascular and renal comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiologists score ≥ 3, body mass index [calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared] <30, age ≥ 70 years, and malignant disease) or procedure-related (blood loss ≥ 500 mL, transfusion, multiquadrant operation, and advanced procedure) factors. In multivariate analysis, advanced procedure, multiquadrant surgery, malignant disease, body mass index of less than 30, hypertension, and transfusion were factors significantly associated with a higher risk for complications. American Society of Anesthesiologists score of 3 or greater, age 70 years or older, cardiovascular comorbidity, and blood loss of 500 mL or more were also associated with increased risk for mortality. Use of the robotic approach for general surgery can be achieved safely with low morbidity and mortality. Several risk factors have been identified as independent causes for higher morbidity and mortality. These can be used to identify patients at risk before and during the surgery and, in the future, to develop a scoring system for the use of robotic general surgery

  3. 9 CFR 96.12 - Uncertified casings not disinfected in 30 days; disposition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 30 days; disposition. 96.12 Section 96.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH... STATES § 96.12 Uncertified casings not disinfected in 30 days; disposition. Foreign animal casings... period of 30 days after arrival in the United States, subject to the ability of Division inspectors...

  4. 9 CFR 96.12 - Uncertified casings not disinfected in 30 days; disposition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 30 days; disposition. 96.12 Section 96.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH... STATES § 96.12 Uncertified casings not disinfected in 30 days; disposition. Foreign animal casings... period of 30 days after arrival in the United States, subject to the ability of Division inspectors...

  5. 9 CFR 96.12 - Uncertified casings not disinfected in 30 days; disposition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 30 days; disposition. 96.12 Section 96.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH... STATES § 96.12 Uncertified casings not disinfected in 30 days; disposition. Foreign animal casings... period of 30 days after arrival in the United States, subject to the ability of Division inspectors...

  6. 9 CFR 96.12 - Uncertified casings not disinfected in 30 days; disposition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 30 days; disposition. 96.12 Section 96.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH... STATES § 96.12 Uncertified casings not disinfected in 30 days; disposition. Foreign animal casings... period of 30 days after arrival in the United States, subject to the ability of Division inspectors...

  7. Minimally invasive surgery for giant esophageal leiomyoma: a case report & review of the literatures

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Xiaosang; Xi, Yong; Wang, Hao

    2017-01-01

    Despite the rapid development of minimally invasive surgery, the treatment of esophageal lesions remains controversial. Giant esophageal leiomyoma could be removed once diagnosed, but its operative method is not quite the same as esophageal leiomyoma of small size. We report a case of giant esophageal leiomyoma and review published cases of giant leiomyomas in the past 10 years. A 29-year-old man was admitted to the clinic for the complaints of 2-month history of dysphagia and discomfort. Radiologic and endoscopic findings suggested esophageal lesion in the muscular layer. The VATS enucleation was performed to relieve the patient’s symptoms. The patient started oral intake on the 1st postoperative day, with following solid meal. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on the 8th postoperative day. PMID:28203434

  8. The importance of the Edmonton Obesity Staging System in predicting postoperative outcome and 30-day mortality after metabolic surgery.

    PubMed

    Chiappetta, Sonja; Stier, Christine; Squillante, Simone; Theodoridou, Sophia; Weiner, Rudolf A

    2016-12-01

    The Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS) is a more comprehensive measure of obesity-related diseases and predictor of mortality than body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference. Its application for the selection of obese patients for obesity surgery has been suggested. The aim of this study was to determine whether the EOSS can also be used in predicting postoperative outcome and 30-day mortality after metabolic surgery. Center of maximum care in Germany METHODS: We collected data prospectively for patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), or laparoscopic omega-loop gastric bypass (LOLGB). The data collected included preoperative EOSS score, gender, age, BMI, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, co-morbidities, early postoperative complications, and 30-day mortality. A total of 534 patients were included. The mean BMI was 45.57 kg/m(2) (range 35-64.5) for LRYGB patients (n = 168), 53.27 kg/m(2) (range 35.1-82.1) for LSG patients (n = 282), and 49.42 kg/m(2) (range 36-73.1) for LOLGB patients (n = 84). The total postoperative complication rate was 8.99%. The most common EOSS stage was 2 (70.6% of patients), followed by stages 3 (12.55%), 1 (11.61%), and 0 (5.06%). The postoperative complication rates after LRYGB, LSG, and LOLGB were 0% for EOSS 0 and 1.61% for EOSS 1. The postoperative complication rates were 8.22% for EOSS 2 and 22.39% for EOSS 3. Patients with EOSS≥3 have a higher risk of postoperative complications. Our data confirm that the EOSS is useful as a scoring system for the selection of obese patients before surgery and suggest that it may also be useful for presurgical stratification and risk assessment in clinical practice. Patients should be recommended for obesity surgery when their EOSS stage is 2 to prevent impairments associated with metabolic disease and to reduce the risk of postoperative complications. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by

  9. Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy: case report of a rare complication after general surgery.

    PubMed

    Gaillard, M-C; Zambaz, B-D; Borruat, F-X

    2004-05-01

    Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy (PION) is a rare cause of bilateral severe and bilateral visual loss. Three mechanisms for posterior ischemic optic neuropathy are recognized: arteritic, non-arteritic, and peri- or postoperative. We report a case of bilateral postoperative posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. A previously healthy 51-year-old man complained of the sudden onset of visual loss and unformed visual hallucinations in both eyes, 24 hours after an uneventful lumbar spine surgery. Duration of surgery was 12 hours with 2.5 liters of blood loss. At the time of visual loss, anemia was 74 g/L. Ophthalmic examination revealed decreased visual acuity to count fingers and normal optic disc without swelling or hemorrhages in both eyes. Despite blood transfusion 2 days after visual loss, evolution was stable. One month later, visual acuity was 0.15 RE and 0.2 LE with severe dyschromatopsia. Pupils reacted sluggishly to light but briskly to convergence. Optic discs were diffusely pale. Peri- and postoperative posterior ischemic optic neuropathy is a rare but devastating complication of surgery performed at distance from the visual pathways and its vascularization. Risk factors include: spine surgery, peri-operative hypotension, anemia, facial edema. Early recognition of posterior ischemic optic neuropathy and rapid correction of hypotension and/or anemia might improve outcome of posterior ischemic optic neuropathy, which usually is poor.

  10. Cutaneous mucormycosis postcosmetic surgery: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Al-Tarrah, Khaled; Abdelaty, Mahmoud; Behbahani, Ahmad; Mokaddas, Eman; Soliman, Helmy; Albader, Ahdi

    2016-07-01

    Mucormycosis is a rare, aggressive, and life-threatening infection that is caused by organisms belonging to the order Mucorales. It is usually acquired through direct means and virtually always affects immunocompromised patients with the port of entry reflecting the site of infection, in this case, cutaneous. Unlike other mucormycoses, patients affected by Apophysomyces elegans (A elegans) are known to be immunocompetent. This locally aggressive disease penetrates through different tissue plains invading adjacent muscles, fascia, and even bone causing extensive morbidity and may prove fatal if treated inadequately. Cutaneous mucormycosis is associated with disruption of cutaneous barriers such as trauma. However, rarely, it may be iatrogenic. No cases have been previously reported postcosmetic surgery, especially one that is so commonly performed, lipofilling. The patient is a, previously healthy, 41-year-old middle-eastern female who was admitted to the plastic surgery department 17 days after undergoing cosmetic surgery. She suffered from extensive tissue inflammation and necrosis in both gluteal regions. Following admission, she was initially started on empirical antimicrobial therapy which was changed to an antifungal agent, voriconazole, when preliminary microbiological results showed filamentous fungi. This was discontinued and liposomal amphotericin B was commenced when further mycological analysis identified A elegans. Furthermore, she underwent a total of 10 sessions of extensive debridement to the extent that portions of the sacrum and left femoral head became exposed. Her clinical status and wounds improved with the appropriate management and she remained an inpatient for 62 days. Subsequently, she had defects in both gluteal regions which required reconstructive surgery. A elegans is an uncommon cause of iatrogenic cutaneous mucormycosis. A high index of clinical suspicion is required, especially in the absence of clinical improvement despite

  11. Transoral robotic surgery for parapharyngeal lesions: a case series of four benign tumours.

    PubMed

    Samoy, K; Lerut, B; Dick, C; Kuhweide, R; Vlaminck, S; Vauterin, T

    2015-01-01

    The parapharyngeal space (PPS) is an anatomically complex space in the vicinity of vital structures. With the introduction of the daVinci robot in head and neck surgery, the surgical robotic system is now being used to gain direct access to the parapharyngeal space and to excise the tumors endoscopically. This study evaluates the outcomes of four patients with benign PPS tumors treated with a transoral robotic surgery approach in a single centre. All patients with benign tumors of the PPS who underwent transoral resection (between January 2012 and June 2014) using the robot were included in this retrospective study. The study population comprised of two males and two females with a mean age of 52 (range 34-66 years). The parapharyngeal mass was successfully transorally removed in all cases. Overall, mean length of stay was 3.25 days with mean time to oral diet of one day. No intraoperative, perioperative or postoperative complications were encountered. The histological diagnosis was pleomorphic adenoma in two cases (50%). The other two cases were: schwannoma and angioma. There were no recurrences on radiological investigations during a mean follow-up of 14.5 months. MRI scan showed a stable residual fibrotic lesion in case of the angioma. The preoperative complaints of mucus in the throat, painless swelling of the soft palate or throat burden of all patients resolved after surgery. With the assistance of the surgical robotic system, benign tumors within the PPS can be excised safely without neck incisions. Further long-term evaluation is needed to define patient selection and the role of TORS for PPS neoplasms.

  12. Convulsions during cataract surgery under peribulbar anesthesia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Bensghir, Mustapha; Badou, Najlae; Houba, Abdelhafid; Balkhi, Hicham; Haimeur, Charki; Azendour, Hicham

    2014-06-23

    Locoregional anesthesia techniques are increasingly used for cataract surgery. From these techniques, peribulbar anesthesia has been very successful over the retrobulbar anesthesia seen its effectiveness and safety. However, peribulbar anesthesia is not without risk. A 70-year-old African man was scheduled for cataract surgery and lens implant for his right eye. His medical history included hypertension, diabetes mellitus and gall bladder surgery. There were no personal or family antecedents of allergy, epilepsy or taking food or toxic drug. No abnormalities were detected in his preoperative evaluation. In the operating room, standard monitoring was installed and a peripheral venous catheter 18g was inserted. Peribulbar anesthesia was realized with two injections in primary gaze position. The anesthetic mixture contained lidocaine 2% and bupivacaine 0.5%. The needle used was 25GA, 19mm, ¾ inch. The first injection was performed in his lower temporal peribulbar space with 5mL of mixture; the second injection was performed with 3mL of mixture in his upper nasal peribulbar space. These injections were performed after a negative aspiration test and followed by manual compression of his globe for 5 minutes. Five minutes after peribulbar anesthesia, his blood pressure increased to 209/115mmHg requiring three bolus of nicardipine (3.0mg) to reduce his blood pressure to 134/56mmHg. One minute after, he had generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Tracheal intubation was performed. His capillary blood glucose was 170mg/dL, axillary temperature was 36.5°C, and his serum electrolytes were normal. He recovered spontaneous ventilation 1.5 hours later. A neurological examination noted no deficit. Extubation was performed 15 minutes later without incident. A brain computed tomography and electroencephalogram were unremarkable. He was discharged on the second day and operated on 1 month later under general anesthesia. Various serious complications can occur during locoregional

  13. Adverse Events in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Infectious Orbital Complications of Sinusitis: 30-Day NSQIP Pediatric Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Jeffrey; Liu, Beiyu; Farjat, Alfredo E; Jang, David W

    2017-10-01

    Objective Identify predictors of adverse events for children who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for treatment of orbital complications associated with sinusitis. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis of a US national database. Setting American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP), pediatric version (2012-2015). Subjects and Methods Patients were identified with a combination of codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and 2014 Current Procedural Terminology. Our primary outcome measure was adverse events, which were compared with clinical risk factors to examine for any associations. Results A total of 57 patients were included for analysis. No significant relationship was identified between 30-day postoperative adverse events and age, sex, race, body mass index, prematurity, history of asthma, steroid use (within 30 days), and preoperative white blood cell count. There was a statistically significant increase in adverse events for those patients who underwent delayed surgery ( P < .0001). No serious adverse events related to death, sepsis, nerve injury (eg, visual loss), or other organ space infections (eg, intracranial infection) were identified. After controlling for age group and race, delayed operative intervention was a significant clinical predictor of adverse events (odds ratio = 25.65; 95% CI, 3.86-170.45; P = .0008). We observed unplanned reoperation and readmission rates of 5.3% and 7%, respectively. Conclusions Endoscopic surgical drainage for infectious orbital complications of sinusitis in children appears to be safe. Serious or significant adverse events were uncommon. Areas for improvement include limiting and reducing unplanned reoperations and readmissions.

  14. A behavioral study of daily mean turnover times and first case of the day start tardiness.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jihan; Dexter, Franklin; Yang, Kai

    2013-06-01

    Previous research has identified 2 psychological biases in operating room (OR) decisions on the day of surgery: risk attitude of the decision-maker at the OR control desk and decisions made by OR staff to increase clinical work per unit time during the hours they are assigned. Resulting decisions are worse than random chance at reducing overutilized time. To isolate the second bias from decisions at the OR control desk, previous studies of the second bias have analyzed decisions made in non-OR locations and on nights/weekends. Another way to isolate the second bias from decisions at the OR control desk is to study facilities with negligible overutilized OR time. We examined the second bias using data from such a facility. One year of data was collected from a 5-OR hospital. Allocated OR time that minimized the inefficiency of use of OR time was determined first to confirm there was virtually no overutilized OR time. A structural equation model was then built to evaluate the relations among variables while controlling for other correlations. We tested the hypothesis that nonoperative times were no longer on days with little versus relatively large workload. The extra ORs were not cost efficient (i.e., the mean potential improvement varied among days from 21.1% ± 0.2% [SE] to 38.9% ± 0.2%), resulting in very little overutilized OR time. However, conditioned on the preceding tactical decision of running extra ORs, the allocated OR time during the studied period was that which minimized the inefficiency of use of OR time. As the preceding results showed that the facility was suitable for the behavioral study, the behavioral study was performed, and the hypothesized relation confirmed. Each 1-hour decrease in the daily estimated (total) duration of elective cases resulted in a managerially unimportant decrease in the mean turnover times (0.41 ± 0.21 minutes, P = 0.053). Excluding turnovers when there were >2 turnovers occurring simultaneously, there was no

  15. Intussusception after pancreatic surgery in children: a case series.

    PubMed

    Laje, Pablo; Stanley, Charles A; Adzick, N Scott

    2010-07-01

    Postoperative intussusception (POI) has been described after a wide variety of pediatric surgical procedures, but it has not been reported as a complication after pediatric pancreatic resections. We performed a retrospective review of 5 cases of pancreatectomy-related POI observed between October 1998 and July 2009 within a series of 234 pancreatic resections in children. The incidence of pancreatectomy-related POI was 2.1%. Postoperative intussusception was observed after either partial or near-total pancreatic resections. There was no sex predisposition. All cases occurred within the first 2 postoperative weeks and involved the small bowel exclusively. The outcome after surgery was uneventful in all cases. The overall clinical course in our cases was similar to that described in the literature for POI associated with other surgical procedures. The incidence of POI after pancreatic resections in children is significantly higher than the general incidence reported in the literature (2.1% vs 0.08%-0.25%). Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Case report of two patients having successful surgery for lung cancer after treatment for Grade 2 radiation pneumonitis

    PubMed Central

    Nakajima, Yuki; Akiyama, Hirohiko; Kinoshita, Hiroyasu; Atari, Maiko; Fukuhara, Mitsuro; Saito, Yoshihiro; Sakai, Hiroshi; Uramoto, Hidetaka

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Surgery for locally advanced lung cancer is carried out following chemoradiotherapy. However, there are no reports clarifying what the effects on the subsequent prognosis are when surgery is carried out in cases with radiation pneumonitis. In this paper, we report on 2 cases of non-small cell lung cancer with Grade 2 radiation pneumonitis after induction chemoradiotherapy, in which we were able to safely perform radical surgery subsequent to the treatment for pneumonia. Presentation of cases Case 1 was a 68-year-old male with a diagnosis of squamous cell lung cancer cT2aN2M0, Stage IIIA. Sixty days after completion of the radiotherapy, Grade 2 radiation pneumonitis was diagnosed. After administration of predonine, and upon checking that the radiation pneumonitis had improved, radical surgery was performed. Case 2 was a 63-year-old male. He was diagnosed with squamous cell lung cancer cT2bN1M0, Stage IIB. One hundred and twenty days after completion of the radiotherapy, he was diagnosed with Grade 2 radiation pneumonitis. After administration of predonine, the symptoms disappeared, and radical surgery was performed. In both cases, the postoperative course was favorable, without complications, and the patients were discharged. Conclusion Surgery for lung cancer on patients with Grade 2 radiation pneumonitis should be deferred until the patients complete steroid therapy, and the clinical pneumonitis is cured. Moreover, it is believed that it is important to remove the resolved radiation pneumonitis without leaving any residual areas and not to cut into any areas of active radiation pneumonitis as much as possible. PMID:26793310

  17. Metal hypersensitivity in total knee arthroplasty: revision surgery using a ceramic femoral component - a case report.

    PubMed

    Bergschmidt, Philipp; Bader, Rainer; Mittelmeier, Wolfram

    2012-03-01

    We present a case involving the revision of a total knee arthroplasty with a metal femoral component using a ceramic implant due to metal hypersensitivity. A 58-year-old female patient underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a standard metal bicondylar knee system. She suffered from persistent pain and strong limitations in her range of motion (ROM) associated with flexion during the early postoperative period. Arthroscopic arthrolysis of the knee joint and intensive active and passive physical treatment, in combination with a cortisone regime, temporarily increased the ROM and reduced pain. No signs of low grade infection or other causes of implant failure were evident. Histology of synovial tissue revealed lymphoplasmacellular fibrinous tissue, consistent with a type IV allergic reaction. Allergometry (skin reaction) revealed type IV hypersensitivity against nickel-II-sulfate and palladium chloride. Revision surgery of the metal components was performed with a cemented ceramic femoral component (same bicondylar design) and a cemented titanium alloy tibial component. Postoperative evaluations were performed 10days, and 3 and 12months after the revision surgery. There was an increased ROM in flexion to 90° at the 12month follow-up. No swelling or effusion was observed at all clinical examinations after the revision surgery. No pain at rest and moderate walking pain were evident. The presented case demonstrates that ceramic implants are a promising solution for patients suffering from hypersensitivity to metal ions in total knee arthroplasty.

  18. [Nursing care in patients undergoing radiological surgery. A case report].

    PubMed

    Armero-Barranco, David; Ruiz-Mateos, María; Alcaraz-Baños, Miguel; Bernal-Páez, Fernando Luis

    2007-01-01

    We report the case of a 73-year-old man with medical diagnoses of long-standing diabetes mellitus, chronic ischemia of the lower limbs and intermittent claudication, for which the patient had been treated with minimally invasive radiological surgery. On arrival at the radiology unit, the patient had nursing diagnoses of anxiety and fear. Intraoperatively, the client had nursing diagnoses of pain, urine retention and infection risk. At discharge, a collaboration problem was detected and hemorrhagic risk. The patient received individualized nursing care. Interventions were planned following the nursing intervention classification (NIC) and the expected results for these interventions followed the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) taxonomy. The application of an appropriate nursing care plan contributes to making the patient's hospital stay easier, more comfortable and less traumatic.

  19. The association of noise and surgical-site infection in day-case hernia repairs.

    PubMed

    Dholakia, Shamik; Jeans, John Paul; Khalid, Usman; Dholakia, Shruti; D'Souza, Charlotte; Nemeth, Kristof

    2015-06-01

    Surgical-site infections (SSIs) are associated with an increased duration of hospital stay, poorer quality of life, and an marked increase in cost to the hospital. Lapses in compliance with aseptic principles are a substantial risk factor for SSI, which may be attributable to distractions such as noise during the operation. The aims of this study were to assess whether noise levels in the operating room are associated with the development of SSI and to elucidate the extent to which these levels affect the financial burden of surgery. Prospective data collection from elective, day-case male patients undergoing elective hernia repairs was undertaken. Patients were included if they were fit and at low risk for SSI. Sound levels during procedures was measured via a decibel meter and correlated with the incidence of SSI. Data analysis was performed with IBM SPSS (IBM, Armonk, NY). Noise levels were substantially greater in patients with SSI from time point of 50 minutes onwards, which correlated to when wound closure was occurring. Additional hospital costs for these patients were £243 per patient based on the National Health Service 2013 reference costing. Decreasing ambient noise levels in the operating room may aid in reducing the incidence of SSIs, particularly during closure, and decrease the associated financial costs of this complication. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Variation of mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery in relation to hour, day and month of the procedure

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Mortality and complications after percutaneous coronary intervention is higher when performed after regular duty hours due to challenging patient characteristics, inferior processes of care and limited resources. Since these challenges are also encountered during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery that is performed after regular work hours, we assessed whether hour and day of procedure influenced mortality after CABG. Methods We studied 4,714 consecutive patients who underwent CABG at the Minneapolis Veterans Administration (VA) Medical Center between 1987 and 2009. We compared postoperative (30-day) mortality rates in relation to hour and day in which the operation was performed. Results Operations performed on weekends and after 4 PM had higher risk patients (p < 0.0001) and were more likely to be emergent (p < 0.0001), require intra-aortic balloon pump support (p < 0.0001) and result in postoperative complications (p < 0.0001) compared to those at regular work hours. Mortality was significantly higher when CABG was performed on weekends compared to weekdays (9.4% versus 2.5%; odds ratio (OR) 4.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6 to 10.4, p = 0.003), and after 4 PM compared to between 7 AM-4 PM (6.2% versus 2.2%; OR 2.9, 95% CI 1 to 8, p = 0.049). In multivariable analysis, when adjusted for the urgency of the operation and the VA estimated mortality risk score, these associations were no longer statistically significant. Conclusions Mortality after CABG is higher when surgery is performed on the weekends and after 4 PM. These variations in mortality were related to higher patient risk, and urgency of the operation rather than external factors. PMID:22014242

  1. Differences in postoperative morbidity rates, including infection and dry socket, and differences in the healing process after mandibular third molar surgery in patients receiving 1-day or 3-day prophylaxis with lenampicillin.

    PubMed

    Yoshii, Takashi; Hamamoto, Yoshihiko; Muraoka, Shigetada; Furudoi, Shungo; Komori, Takahide

    2002-03-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis for mandibular third molar surgery from the viewpoint of the duration of administration. A comparative study was conducted on postoperative infection, dry socket, and the healing process in 178 healthy patients receiving 1-day or 3-day prophylaxis with lenampicillin (LAPC; 1.5 g/day). Postoperative infection developed in only 1 (1.1%) of the 91 patients in the 3-day group, while there was no patient with infection in the 87 patients in the 1-day group. Dry socket developed in 8.0% of the 87 patients in the 1-day group and in 7.7% of the 91 patients in the 3-day group. However, the incidence of these complications, in relation to the degree of impaction of the molars, did not significantly differ between the 1-day and 3-day groups. Scores indicating clinical symptoms for the 7 days after surgery also reflected no significant difference between the groups, irrespective of the degree of impaction. These results suggest that 1-day therapy with LAPC in our regimen may at least be recommended as a prophylaxis for mandibular third molar surgery in medically healthy patients.

  2. Indocyanine green fluorescent dye during bowel surgery: are the blood supply "guessing days" over?

    PubMed

    Foppa, C; Denoya, P I; Tarta, C; Bergamaschi, R

    2014-08-01

    Assessing the blood supply of the bowel is a difficult task even for experienced surgeons. Laser-assisted indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescent dye angiography provides intraoperative visual assessment of blood flow to the bowel wall and surrounding tissues, allowing for modification to the surgical plan, which can reduce the risk of postoperative complications. ICG angiography was prospectively performed in a single center during a 1-year period for small bowel ischemia and left colorectal resections. ICG angiography played a major role in the intraoperative decision making in 4 of 160 patients, whose clinical and operative details are here reported. In case of acute small intestine ischemia, resection is not warranted unless absolute perfusion units are below 19 (relative 21%). When evaluating blood supply to the left colon prior to anastomosing, resection is recommended with absolute units lower than 18 (relative 31%) even if the bowel appears macroscopically perfused.

  3. The Australian litigation landscape - oral and maxillofacial surgery and general dentistry (oral surgery procedures): an analysis of litigation cases.

    PubMed

    Badenoch-Jones, E K; White, B P; Lynham, A J

    2016-09-01

    There are persistent concerns about litigation in the dental and medical professions. These concerns arise in a setting where general dentists are more frequently undertaking a wider range of oral surgery procedures, potentially increasing legal risk. Judicial cases dealing with medical negligence in the fields of general dentistry (oral surgery procedure) and oral and maxillofacial surgery were located using the three main legal databases. Relevant cases were analysed to determine the procedures involved, the patients' claims of injury, findings of negligence and damages awarded. A thematic analysis of the cases was undertaken to determine trends. Fifteen cases over a 20-year period were located across almost all Australian jurisdictions (eight cases involved general dentists; seven cases involved oral and maxillofacial surgeons). Eleven of the 15 cases involved determinations of whether or not the practitioner had failed in their duty of care; negligence was found in six cases. Eleven of the 15 cases related to molar extractions (eight specifically to third molar). Dental and medical practitioners wanting to manage legal risk should have regard to circumstances arising in judicial cases. Adequate warning of risks is critical, as is offering referral in appropriate cases. Preoperative radiographs, good medical records and processes to ensure appropriate follow-up are also important. © 2015 Australian Dental Association.

  4. [Frequency, type and predictors of pleuropulmonary complications during the first thirty days after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in children].

    PubMed

    Hernández-López, Jessica Jacqueline; Solano-Gutiérrez, Alejandro; Rosas-Aragón, Flor Teresita; Antúnez-Soto, Airam Gabriela; Flores-Lujano, Janet; Nuñez-Enríquez, Juan Carlos

    2017-07-01

    To determine the frequency, type and predictors of pleuropulmonary complications in the first thirty postoperative days of patients undergoing surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass. A retrospective cohort study was carried out between January 2013 and December 2014. It includes all patients with congenital heart disease who underwent cardiac surgery with a sternal or thoracic approach, without cardiopulmonary bypass with a registered admission to Neonatal or Pediatric Intensive Care. The frequency of events of pleuropulmonary complications and logistic regression analysis was performed and adjusted odds ratio (OR) and confidence intervals at 95% (95% CI) were calculated. A total of 139 patients were included; the frequency of pleuropulmonary complications was 42.4% (N=59), and the most frequent types were atelectasis (28 events), ventilator-associated pneumonia (24 events), pneumothorax (20 events), at times finding more than one complication per patient. Significant risk factors were cyanogenic congenital heart disease (OR=3.58, 95% CI: 1.10-7.50, P=.001), thoracotomy approach (OR=1.46, 95% CI: 1, 18-1,12, P=.008) an emergency surgical event (OR=3.46, 95% CI: 1.51-7.95, P=.002). The main pleuropulmonary complication was atelectasis, which is consistent with that reported in the international literature. Patients with any of the predictors identified in the present study should be closely monitored in order to prevent, detect and/or treat pleuropulmonary complications in a timely manner after cardiac surgery. Copyright © 2017 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  5. Materials in the vitreous during cataract surgery: nature and incidence, with two cases of histological confirmation.

    PubMed

    Kam, Andrew W; Chen, Tony S; Wang, Sarah B; Jain, Neeranjali S; Goh, Aaron Yj; Douglas, Christopher P; McKelvie, Penny A; Agar, Ashish; Osher, Robert H; Francis, Ian C

    2016-12-01

    To identify and classify materials in the vitreous observed during phacoemulsification cataract surgery (phaco). Prospective, consecutive, observational case series at one ophthalmic day surgery in Sydney, Australia. A total of 767 consecutive phaco cases. Cases were excluded if there was posterior capsule rupture or vitreous loss intraoperatively. For each patient, age, gender, baseline corrected distance visual acuity, presence of pseudoexfoliation, nuclear sclerosis grade and phacoemulsification ultrasound time were recorded. The relationship between these variables and materials in the vitreous was evaluated with regression analysis. Two patients with materials in the vitreous developed an acute intraoperative rock-hard eye syndrome. In these two patients, pars plana needle aspiration of retrolenticular fluid was performed to re-establish normal intraocular pressure. Histology was undertaken to compare this fluid with known lens material retrieved from the Fluid Management System bags in two unrelated cases. Presence of materials in the vitreous during phaco. Materials in the vitreous were observed in either Berger's space or the anterior vitreous in 386 eyes (50.3% of cases); the majority was putatively lens material (46.5% of all cases). Pigment and ophthalmic viscoelastic device were seen in the anterior vitreous in 9.8% and 1.7% of cases, respectively. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that higher nuclear sclerosis grade (P = 0.025), male gender (P = 0.003) and greater age (P = 0.016) were predictive of the presence of materials in the vitreous. Histological assessment with light microscopy and birefringence techniques identified the materials in the vitreous as lens material. Materials in the vitreous were seen in 50.3% of phaco cases. It has been histologically demonstrated that lens materials can be introduced into the anterior vitreous during phaco. © 2016 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.

  6. Patient satisfaction with outpatient hysteroscopy versus day case hysteroscopy: randomised controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Kremer, C; Duffy, S; Moroney, M

    2000-01-29

    To compare outpatient hysteroscopy with day case hysteroscopy in terms of patient satisfaction and acceptability. Gynaecology clinic of a teaching hospital. 100 women. Patients were randomly allocated to outpatient hysteroscopy or day case hysteroscopy provided they had no preference for either procedure. Satisfaction rate, requirements for postoperative analgesia, speed of recovery, time away from home, and time off work. The outpatient group recovered preoperative fitness more quickly than the day case group (2 days (range 1-2.7) versus 3 days (2-4), P<0.05). After the procedure, the outpatient group were also fully mobile more quickly than the day case group (0 minutes (0-5) versus 105 minutes (80-120), P<0.001). Requirements for postoperative analgesia were similar in both groups. Overall, 78% of patients considered that the pain from outpatient hysteroscopy was less than that usually experienced during menstruation. Patient satisfaction was similar in both groups (83.6% in the outpatient group versus 77.0% in the day case group). Outpatient hysteroscopy and day case hysteroscopy were equally acceptable to patients. Patients recovered significantly more quickly from outpatient hysteroscopy than from day case hysteroscopy.

  7. Characteristics of meningitis following transsphenoidal endoscopic surgery: a case series and a systematic literature review.

    PubMed

    Pagliano, Pasquale; Caggiano, Chiara; Ascione, Tiziana; Solari, Domenico; Di Flumeri, Giusy; Cavallo, Luigi Maria; Tortora, Fabio; Cappabianca, Paolo

    2017-08-03

    Meningitis occurs in 0.8-1.5% of patients undergoing neurosurgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristics of meningitis after endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EETS) comparing the findings retrieved to those highlighted by literature search. Patients treated by EETS during an 18-year period in the Department of Neurosurgery of 'Federico II' University of Naples were evaluated and included in the study if they fulfilled criteria for meningitis. Epidemiological, demographic, laboratory, and microbiological findings were evaluated. A literature research according to PRISMA methodology completed the study. EETS was performed on 1450 patients, 8 of them (0.6%) had meningitis [median age 46 years (range 33-73)]. Endoscopic surgery was performed 1-15 days (median 4 days) before diagnosis. Meningeal signs were always present. CSF examination revealed elevated cells [median 501 cells/μL (range 30-5728)], high protein [median 445 mg/dL (range 230-1210)], and low glucose [median 10 mg/dL (range 1-39)]. CSF culture revealed Gram-negative bacteria in four cases (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Alcaligenes spp., and Haemophilus influenzae), Streptococcus pneumoniae in two cases, Aspergillus fumigatus in one case. An abscess occupying the surgical site was observed in two cases. Six cases reported a favorable outcome; two died. Incidence of meningitis approached to 2%, as assessed by the literature search. Incidence of meningitis after EETS is low despite endoscope goes through non-sterile structures; microorganisms retrieved are those present within sinus microenvironment. Meningitis must be suspected in patients with persistent fever and impaired conscience status after EETS.

  8. Sacrohysteropexy performed as uterus conserving surgery for pelvic organ prolapse: Review of case files.

    PubMed

    Khan, Ayesha; Jaleel, Riffat; Nasrullah, Farah Deeba

    2016-01-01

    To assess the outcome and safety of sacrohysteropexy as uterus conserving surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in young women and to assess patients' satisfaction with the procedure. This is a case series of patients operated at Sind Government Lyari General Hospital and Civil Hospital Karachi, between January, 2007 to October, 2015. Data of the patients who had sacrohysteropexy were reviewed. Complications during surgery and post-operative period including haemorrhage, visceral injury, paralytic ileus and peritonitis were studied. Success of procedure, need of blood transfusion, hospital stay and condition on discharge and six weeks follow-up were noted. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Mean ± SD was calculated for numerical, while frequencies were computed for categorical variables. Data of 60 patients were reviewed. Early post-operative success was 100%. Duration of surgery was less than two hours in 57 (95%) patients. Blood loss was negligible in majority of cases. Out of all 60 cases, 52 (86.7%) did not suffer any complication. One patient had ureteric injury, while one patient sustained bowel injury. Two patients had paralytic ileus. Four patients suffered from abdominal wound infection. All patients were managed satisfactorily. Mean duration of stay in hospital was four days. Upon follow up 96.7% patients were satisfied with results of operative procedure. Sixteen (26.7%) patients complained of backache on follow-up visit. This review concludes that sacrohysteropexy was successful in all cases in early post-operative period. It is a safe procedure and should be considered as an option for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse in young women, in whom uterine conservation is required.

  9. Sacrohysteropexy performed as uterus conserving surgery for pelvic organ prolapse: Review of case files

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Ayesha; Jaleel, Riffat; Nasrullah, Farah Deeba

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To assess the outcome and safety of sacrohysteropexy as uterus conserving surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in young women and to assess patients’ satisfaction with the procedure. Methods: This is a case series of patients operated at Sind Government Lyari General Hospital and Civil Hospital Karachi, between January, 2007 to October, 2015. Data of the patients who had sacrohysteropexy were reviewed. Complications during surgery and post-operative period including haemorrhage, visceral injury, paralytic ileus and peritonitis were studied. Success of procedure, need of blood transfusion, hospital stay and condition on discharge and six weeks follow-up were noted. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Mean ± SD was calculated for numerical, while frequencies were computed for categorical variables. Results: Data of 60 patients were reviewed. Early post-operative success was 100%. Duration of surgery was less than two hours in 57 (95%) patients. Blood loss was negligible in majority of cases. Out of all 60 cases, 52 (86.7%) did not suffer any complication. One patient had ureteric injury, while one patient sustained bowel injury. Two patients had paralytic ileus. Four patients suffered from abdominal wound infection. All patients were managed satisfactorily. Mean duration of stay in hospital was four days. Upon follow up 96.7% patients were satisfied with results of operative procedure. Sixteen (26.7%) patients complained of backache on follow-up visit. Conclusion: This review concludes that sacrohysteropexy was successful in all cases in early post-operative period. It is a safe procedure and should be considered as an option for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse in young women, in whom uterine conservation is required. PMID:27882016

  10. An Ultralow-Dose 1-Day Protocol With Activities Lower Than 20 MBq for the Detection of Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Breast Cancer-Experiences After 150 Cases.

    PubMed

    Kolberg, Hans-Christian; Afsah, Shabnam; Kuehn, Thorsten; Winzer, Ute; Akpolat-Basci, Leyla; Stephanou, Miltiades; Wetzig, Sarah; Hoffmann, Oliver; Liedtke, Cornelia

    2017-01-01

    Common protocols for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes in early breast cancer often include the injection of the tracer 1 day before surgery. In order to detect enough activity on the day of surgery, the applied activity in many protocols is as high as several hundred MBq. So far, very few protocols with an activity below 20 MBq have been reported. We developed an ultralow-dose 1-day protocol with a mean activity lower than 20 MBq in order to reduce radiation exposure for patients and staff. Here, we are presenting our experiences in 150 consecutive cases. A total of 150 patients with clinically and sonographically negative axilla and no multicentricity underwent a sentinel lymph node biopsy using an ultralow-dose protocol performed on the day of surgery. No patient received systemic therapy prior to sentinel node biopsy. After peritumoral injection of the tracer Technetium-99m, a lymphoscintigraphy was performed in all cases. Seven minutes before the first cut, we injected 5 mL of blue dye in the region of the areola. In 148 (98.7%) of 150 patients, at least 1 sentinel lymph node could be identified by lymphoscintigraphy; the detection rate during surgery with combined tracers Technetium-99m and blue dye was 100%. The mean applied activity was 17.8 MBq (9-20). A mean number of 1.3 (0-5) sentinel lymph nodes were identified by lymphoscintigraphy and a mean number of 1.8 (1-5) sentinel lymph nodes were removed during sentinel lymph node biopsy. Ultralow-dose 1-day protocols with an activity lower than 20 MBq are a safe alternative to 1-day or 2-day protocols with significantly higher radiation doses in primary surgery for early breast cancer. Using Technetium-99m and blue dye in a dual tracer approach, detection rates of 100% are possible in clinical routine in order to reduce radiation exposure for patients and staff.

  11. Subcutaneous emphysema during third molar surgery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Romeo, Umberto; Galanakis, Alexandros; Lerario, Francesco; Daniele, Gabriele Maria; Tenore, Gianluca; Palaia, Gaspare

    2011-01-01

    Extraction of third molars is the most common surgical procedure performed in oral surgery on a daily basis and, despite surgical skills and expertise, complications may occur. Complications observed during or after third molar removal may include pain, swelling, bleeding, infection, sinus perforation and nerve damage. Fortunately, with a proper management and a good surgical technique, the incidence of such events is low. Subcutaneous emphysema associated with dental extraction occurs when the air from the high-speed dental handpiece is forced into the soft tissue through the reflected flap and invades the adjacent tissues, leading to swelling, crepitus on palpation and occasionally spreading through the tissue spaces of the fascial planes. Although rare, iatrogenic subcutaneous emphysema can have serious and potentially life-threatening consequences. Care should be taken when using air-driven handpieces. The access of air into the facial tissues is not limited to tooth extractions, but may also occur through other portals of entrance, such as endodontically treated teeth, periodontium and lacerations of intraoral soft tissues. When subcutaneous emphysema occurs, it must be quickly diagnosed and properly managed to reduce the risk of further complications. This report presents a case of subcutaneous emphysema occurred during extraction of a mandibular third molar extraction with the use of an air turbine handpiece. Case management is described and issues relative to the diagnosis and prevention of this surgical complication are discussed.

  12. Malpractice in colorectal surgery: a review of 122 medicolegal cases.

    PubMed

    Gordhan, Chirag G; Anandalwar, Seema P; Son, Julie; Ninan, Gigio K; Chokshi, Ravi J

    2015-12-01

    Medical malpractice has become a rising concern for physicians, affecting the cost and delivery of health care. Colorectal procedures account for 24% of all general surgery cases, a high-risk specialty, with 15% of its physicians facing malpractice suit annually. The Westlaw legal database was used to identify colorectal malpractice cases. In all, 122 of 230 lawsuits were included in this study. A majority of 65.6% were physician verdicts, 19.7% plaintiff verdicts, and 14.8% reached a settlement. Plaintiff payments were found to be significantly higher than settlement awards. The most common cause of alleged malpractice was failure to recognize a complication in a timely manner (45.1%), followed by damage to surrounding tissues (36.1%). The most common cause of alleged malpractice was failure to recognize a complication in a timely manner, followed by damage to surrounding tissue. Plaintiff awards were significantly higher than settlement payments. It is important to understand the mechanism of malpractice allegations to better prevent litigation and improve patient care. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. [Medical, social, and economic effectiveness of treatment of day-case patients with peptic ulcer].

    PubMed

    Butorov, I V; Osoianu, Iu P; Maksimov, V V; Butorov, S I

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate medical, social, and economic effectiveness of treatment of day-case patients with peptic ulcer (PU). The subjects of the study were 60 day-case patients with duodenal ulcer aged 18 to 60, who underwent clinical and instrumental examination including esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy and Helicobacter pylori (HP) detection. The patients received 7-day eradication therapy, which included omeprazol in a dose of 20 mg twice a day, clarithromycin--500 mg twice a day, and metronidazole--500 mg twice a day. There was a control group, which included 60 inpatients treated in Gastroenterology Division of the hospital. The use of the three-component medication in the day-case patients and the inpatients led to disappearance of pain syndrome 7.4 +/- 0.3 and 8.6 +/- 0.2 days after the beginning of the treatment, respectively; dyspepsia disappeared in the day-case patients and the inpatients 7.6 +/- 0.2 and 8.8 +/- 0.3 days after the beginning of the treatment, respectively. HP eradication was effective in 86.7% of the day-case patients, and in 88.3% of the inpatients. The course of the disease was recurrence-free during two years in 80% of the day-case patients, and in 76.4% of the inpatients; the cost of the treatment was 2.1 times higher in the group of inpatients. The results show that high effectiveness of the three-component medication, judging by the results of HP eradication, terms of disappearance of pain syndrome and ulcer healing, allows recommending this regimen for wide clinical application in day-case patients with PU.

  14. Patient satisfaction with outpatient hysteroscopy versus day case hysteroscopy: randomised controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    Kremer, Christian; Duffy, Sean; Moroney, Michelle

    2000-01-01

    Objective To compare outpatient hysteroscopy with day case hysteroscopy in terms of patient satisfaction and acceptability. Setting Gynaecology clinic of a teaching hospital. Participants 100 women. Design and interventions Patients were randomly allocated to outpatient hysteroscopy or day case hysteroscopy provided they had no preference for either procedure. Main outcome measures Satisfaction rate, requirements for postoperative analgesia, speed of recovery, time away from home, and time off work. Results The outpatient group recovered preoperative fitness more quickly than the day case group (2 days (range 1-2.7) versus 3 days (2-4), P<0.05). After the procedure, the outpatient group were also fully mobile more quickly than the day case group (0 minutes (0-5) versus 105 minutes (80-120), P<0.001). Requirements for postoperative analgesia were similar in both groups. Overall, 78% of patients considered that the pain from outpatient hysteroscopy was less than that usually experienced during menstruation. Patient satisfaction was similar in both groups (83.6% in the outpatient group versus 77.0% in the day case group). Conclusions Outpatient hysteroscopy and day case hysteroscopy were equally acceptable to patients. Patients recovered significantly more quickly from outpatient hysteroscopy than from day case hysteroscopy. Key messagesPatients' satisfaction rates with outpatient hysteroscopy and day case hysteroscopy were similarThe outpatient group recovered preoperative fitness more quickly than the day case groupRequirements for postoperative analgesia were similar in both groups78% of patients considered that the pain from outpatient hysteroscopy was less than that usually experienced during menstruation Postmenopausal women may benefit less from outpatient hysteroscopy than premenopausal women PMID:10650023

  15. Outcomes of endoscopic ethmoidectomy performed on a day-case basis: a prospective bi-centric study.

    PubMed

    Oker, N; Dupuch, V; Herman, P; Leclerc, N; Vironneau, P; Dang, H; Majer, J; Pastourel, R; Pavier, Y; Blancal, J-P; Saroul, N; Mom, T; Kania, R; Vicaut, E; Gilain, L; Verillaud, B

    2017-01-01

    Evaluation of endoscopic ethmoidectomy performed as a day-case in terms of security, quality, and satisfaction of the patient. This prospective observatory bi-centric study over 1 year included 74 patients undergoing an ethmoidectomy respecting the eligibility criteria of ambulatory care. We recorded patients' demographic data, operative details, satisfaction, postoperative course, and follow-up results. Nasal symptoms were evaluated by SNOT-22 on preoperative appointment and postoperatively at D30. No non-absorbable nasal packing was used, eventually in the case of preoperative-bleeding absorbable gelatine packing. The postoperative follow-up took place at D1 by phone call and at D10 and D30 to assess complications, Visual Analogue Scale, and state of ethmoidal corridors by endoscopic exam. Patients benefited of bilateral ethmoidectomy in 82.4 % cases associated with septoplasty in 42 %. The majority (95 %) was discharged on the same day. Only one patient had bleeding at D0 and was kept in standard hospitalization, such as three other patients for medical or organizational reasons not related to surgery. At D1, 23 % described postoperative light bleeding but needed no revisit and pain was estimated at 1.3 (VAS). No readmission was observed, and no major complication was noted. SNOT-22 decreased successfully by 56 %, statistically related to postoperative treatment of corticosteroids and in the case of Samter triad. 97 % of patients were satisfied of the ambulatory care. These results suggest that within an experienced and dedicated day-case medical and paramedical team, ethmoidectomy can be safely performed on a day-case basis with high quality of taking care and satisfaction of patients.

  16. [Prepuce plastic surgery, known as the Lille operation, in distal hypospadias. Apropos of 138 cases].

    PubMed

    Wallon, P; Saint-Supery, G; Bucco, P

    1984-01-01

    Distal hypospadias with meatus situated on the glans, in the balano-penile furrow, even on the distal part of the shaft, are the most frequent hypospadias. Without chordee, it's only a cosmetic handicap. The aim of surgery is to produce the esthetic appearance of a normal penis. In France, circumcision is not usual and most people prefer a child with prepuce. The best technique in this case is to keep the meatus in its hypospadial situation and get the prepuce circular with a ventral suture. It's an easy technique. The hospital stay is short, 2 or 3 days, without any diversion of the urine. This operation is made when the child is about 3 years. Saint-Aubert described this procedure in 1967. The authors present their technique and results. Since 1971, 138 boys underwent this operation with few complications: 2% of fistulas and 2% of phimosis on the last hundred of cases.

  17. Predictors of wound infection in elective colorectal surgery. Multicenter observational case-control study.

    PubMed

    Fraccalvieri, Doménico; Kreisler Moreno, Esther; Flor Lorente, Blas; Torres García, Antonio; Muñoz Calero, Alberto; Mateo Vallejo, Francisco; Biondo, Sebastiano

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of Vicryl Plus(®) suture in reducing the rate of postoperative wound infection in elective colorectal surgery. A prospective case-control multicenter study with 480 patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery was performed between 2006 and 2007. Patients were divided in 2 groups of equal sample size: group 1, closure of the abdominal wall using Vicryl Plus(®) and group 2 where PDS II(®) was used. The study involved 5 hospitals in the Spanish State. Wound infection was classified into superficial and deep. All patients diagnosed of wound infection during the hospital stay and up to 30 days after discharge were studied. For the statistical analysis Chi-square test and Fisher exact were used for bivariate analysis and logistic regression model for multivariate analysis. Wound infection rates were significantly lower in group 1: 14.6 vs. 29.2. Multivariate analysis showed that risk of wound infection was higher in patients with cancer, lung disease, anemia, operative time greater than 2 h, lack of second dose intra-operative prophylactic antibiotic and laparotomy closure with PDS suture II(®). The use of suture coated with triclosan can be an effective prophylactic tool in reducing wound infection rate in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  18. Infrahyoid muscle flap for pharyngeal fistulae after cervical spine surgery: a novel approach—Report of six cases

    PubMed Central

    Niedeggen, Andreas; Todt, Ingo; Westhofen, Martin; Ernst, Arne

    2006-01-01

    A report of our experiences involving the treatment six male patients with a new method of closing perforations in the pharynx and upper esophagus, following surgery of the cervical spine region. Perforation of the pharynx and upper esophagus are rare complications following cervical spine surgery. The grave consequences of these complications necessitate in most cases immediate surgical therapy. In most cases, the first step involves the removal of the cervical plate and screws. The defect was then closed using a vascular pedicled musculofascia flap derived from the infrahyoid musculature. In all cases, the flap healed into place without complications. The patients began taking oral nutrients after an average of seven postoperative (5–12) days. In none of the cases did functional disorders or complications arise during the follow-up period (1–5 years). The infrahyoid muscle flap is well suited for reconstruction of the posterior pharyngeal wall and the upper esophagus. PMID:16927070

  19. [Surgery and electroneurophysiological evaluation for CI case with modiolus ossification].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Daoxing

    2014-08-01

    The purpose of this study is to report surgical skills for CI cases with modiolus ossification and to investigate the relation between post-operational electroneurophysilogical test result and speech recognition result. Further more, we also attempt to confirm indications for CI in this specific population. Based on temporal bone HRCT, 7 subjects were identified as modiolus ossification from 101 cases with cochlear ossification. Modiolus ossification is confirmed by CT scan if CT value in modiolus reaches or exceeds 900 HU with the exception of congenital modiolus ossification or modiolus seal off. Electroneurophysiological test was conducted intra- and pos-operationally speech tests were applied for 7 subjects. Normal impedance value was observed by intro-operational measurement in 7 subjects. EABR test was conducted and negtive response was observed in only 1 subject, while other 6 subjects were confirmed with atypical EABR waves which were observed in apical and middle turn region. Hearing threshold test (in sound field) was applied, no auditory response was recorded for the subject without EABR waveform, while hearing threshold in average for the other 6 subjects was 75 dB. Results of speech tests (Mandarin) were followed as 0 for the one without EABR wave, while 100% (simple finals test) and 30% (simple initials test) for the other 6 subjects. Optimal multichannel CI surgery that inserting and locating electrode array spirally is very frequently interrupted by ossification,which was indentified with atypical EABR wave and relative poor speech recognition results, especially in modiolus ossification case. A post-operative negative EABR response may indicate surgical failure following cochlear implantation.

  20. Effect of Endovascular Interventions on General Surgery Trainee Operative Experience; a Comparison of Case Log Reports.

    PubMed

    Pedersen, Rose C; Li, Yiping; Chang, Jason S; Lew, Wesley K; Patel, Kaushal Kevin

    2016-05-01

    Vascular surgery fellowship training has evolved with the widespread adoption of endovascular interventions. The purpose of this study is to examine how general surgery trainee exposure to vascular surgery has changed over time. Review of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education national case log reports for graduating Vascular Surgery Fellows (VF), and general surgery residents (GSR) from 2001 to 2012 was performed. The number of GSR increased from 1021 to 1098, and the number of VF increased from 96 to 121 from 2001 to 2012. The total number of vascular cases done by VF increased by 1161 since 2001 (298-762), whereas the total number of vascular cases done by GSR has decreased by 40% during this time period (186-116). Vascular fellows increase was due primarily to an increase in endovascular experience; a finding not noted in general surgery residents. Vascular fellow case log changes are due primarily to an increase in endovascular experience that has not been mirrored by general surgery trainees. Open surgery experience has decreased overall for general surgery residents in all major categories, a change not seen in vascular surgery fellows. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. First year experience of robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery with 153 cases in a general surgery department: indications, technique and results.

    PubMed

    Tomulescu, V; Stănciulea, O; Bălescu, I; Vasile, S; Tudor, St; Gheorghe, C; Vasilescu, C; Popescu, I

    2009-01-01

    Robotic surgery was developed in response to the limitations and drawbacks of laparoscopic surgery. Since 1997 when the first robotic procedure was performed various papers pointed the advantages of robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery, this technique is now a reality and it will probably become the surgery of the future. The aim of this paper is to present our preliminary experience with the three-arms "da Vinci S surgical system", to assess the feasibility of this technique in various abdominal and thoracic procedures and to point out the advantages of the robotic approach for each type of procedure. Between 18 January 2008 and 18 January 2009 153 patients (66 men and 87 women; mean age 48,02 years, range 6 to 84 years) underwent robotic-assisted surgical procedures in our institution; we performed 129 abdominal and 24 thoracic procedures, as follows: one cholecystectomy, 14 myotomies with Dor fundoplication, one gastroenteroanastomosis for unresectable antral gastric cancer, one transthoracic esophagectomy, 14 gastrectomies, one polypectomy through gastrotomy, 22 splenectomies,7 partial spleen resections, 22 thymectomy, 6 Nissen fundoplications, one Toupet fundoplication, one choledocho-duodeno-anastomosis, one drainage for pancreatic abscess, one distal pancreatectomy, one hepatic cyst fenestration, 7 hepatic resections, 29 colonic and rectal resections, 5 adrenalectomies, 12 total radical hysterectomies and pelvic lymphadenectomy, 3 hysterectomies with bilateral adnexectomy for uterine fibroma, one unilateral adnexectomy, and 2 cases of cervico-mediastinal goitre resection. 147 procedures were robotics completed , whereas 6 procedures were converted to open surgery due to the extent of the lesion. Average operating room time was 171 minutes (range 60 to 600 minutes, Median length of stay was 8,6 days (range 2 to 48 days). One system malfunctions was registered. Post-operatory complications occurred in 14 cases. There were no deaths. Our preliminary experience

  2. [Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). Technical complement for cases of acute lithiasis].

    PubMed

    Amón, J H; Cepeda, M; Conde, C; Alonso, D; González, V; Martínez-Sagarra, J M

    2011-02-01

    Washing the renal cavities using minipercutaneous surgery shaft is an ideal technical procedure for retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) when lithiasic fragmentation is significant or if the anatomy of the renal cavities may obstruct the spontaneous elimination of fragments. we performed 37 RIRS on 35 patients with renal lithiasis (14 men, 21 women) with a mean age of 56 (range 33-72) years, divided into two groups in accordance with the size of their kidney stones. Group A, 23 patients with lithiasis <1.5 cm; Group B, 12 cases with lithiasis >1.5 cm. 28 patients had a single kidney stone and 7 had multiple stones. Flexible uretrorenoscopy, 7.5 Fr (Flex-X(®, Karl Storz) by means of a ureteral access sheath. Holmium laser lithotripsy (Calculase®, Karl Storz) using 200 and 365 micrometer fibres. Fragment extraction with 1.7 Fr nitinol baskets (N-gage, Cook). In cases of significant fragmented stone burden, the renal cavities were washed with low-pressure fluid irrigation using a ureteral access sheath, which was collected together with the stone fragments carried by the "mini-perc" sheath (Ultrax-x® 18Fr, Cook; Rusch, 14 Fr) placed under radiologic and endoscopic control at the level of the calyx-papilla selected for fragment drainage. the mean diameter for group A was 9.13 (range 5-13) mm and 20.25 (range 16-28) mm for group B. The overall mean operating time was 81 (range 30-160) min. Group A required 66.43±35.18 min. and group B 107.5±46.73 min. (p=0.006). The rate of absence of stones immediately after surgery was 83.2%, 93.1% at 3 months (95.6% for A and 83.3% for B; p=0.217). In no case was ureteral stenosis observed as a result of the use of ureteral access sheaths. In 7 group B patients (58.3%) with acute lithiasis and/or alteration in their pyelocaliceal anatomy, we performed active lavage of the renal cavities applying the aforementioned percutaneous technique. The mean post-surgery hospital stay was 2.1 (range 1-4) days. There were post-surgery

  3. Case Report: Pediatric Scar Management After Open-heart Surgery.

    PubMed

    Phan, Ha; Harger, Beau; Estrada, Nick

    2016-01-01

    Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital disease caused by structural defects within the heart that can lead to cyanosis. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the use of PracaSil-Plus, a proprietary topical anhydrous silicone base containing pracaxi oil, in scar-management therapy, following open-heart surgery on a pediatric patient with tetralogy of Fallot. The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale was the research instrument used to evaluate for efficacy of the scar therapy. Following 8 weeks of treatment with PracaSil-Plus, reduction in scores were observed for scar color, stiffness, thickness, and irregularity, with improvements of 87.5%, 90.0%, 66.7%, and 66.7% from baseline, respectively. The post-treatment scar was similar to normal skin in appearance, with a 77.8% improvement in the total score. These results show that PracaSil-Plus may be a valuable option for practitioners and pharmacists to consider in pediatric scar-management therapy. Copyright© by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding, Inc.

  4. Epilepsy surgery in children and adolescents: Report on 43 cases.

    PubMed

    Aberastury, Marina; Comas, Betina; García, María; Besocke, Ana; Ciraolo, Carlos; Agosta, Guillermo; Silva, Walter

    2016-10-01

    Epilepsy surgery in children with refractory epilepsy is one of the most effective methods to control seizures. The proper selection and assessment of surgery candidates is critical for surgical treatment to be adequately effective and safe. The purpose of this article is to describe our experience with 43 consecutive pediatric patients that underwent epilepsy surgery for refractory epilepsy between September 2005 and May 2014. Effectiveness, safety, and prognostic factors were analyzed. The median age was 12 years old at the time of surgery and 4.5 years old at epilepsy onset, with a latency period of up to 6 years until surgery. Since the surgery, the 43 patients have been in follow-up for a median of 5.4 years (±2.3 years). Resective surgery was performed in 32 patients and hemispherectomy, in 11 patients. To date, 62.8% of patients remain seizure-free. Abetterprognosis was observed in patients who underwent surgery with a duration of epilepsy of less than two years and in patients in whom a complete resection of the epileptogenic zone was achieved.

  5. Surgery

    MedlinePlus

    ... pleasing to the person than it was originally. Anesthesia Because surgery is typically painful, it is almost ... three types of anesthesia: Local Regional General Local anesthesia and regional anesthesia These types of anesthesia consist ...

  6. Surgery

    MedlinePlus

    ... pulmonary disease (COPD) includes two separate lung problems, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Some people with COPD have ... improve breathing. The surgery takes care of the emphysema component of COPD. Not everyone is a candidate ...

  7. Improvement of chronic back pain or failed back surgery with vitamin D repletion: a case series.

    PubMed

    Schwalfenberg, Gerry

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews 6 selected cases of improvement/resolution of chronic back pain or failed back surgery after vitamin D repletion in a Canadian family practice setting. Pub Med was searched for articles on chronic back pain, failed back surgery, and vitamin D deficiency. Chronic low back pain and failed back surgery may improve with repletion of vitamin D from a state of deficiency/insufficiency to sufficiency. Vitamin D insufficiency is common; repletion of vitamin D to normal levels in patients who have chronic low back pain or have had failed back surgery may improve quality of life or, in some cases, result in complete resolution of symptoms.

  8. [Postoperative visual loss due to conversion disorder after spine surgery: a case report].

    PubMed

    Bezerra, Dailson Mamede; Bezerra, Eglantine Mamede; Silva Junior, Antonio Jorge; Amorim, Marco Aurélio Soares; Miranda, Denismar Borges de

    2016-01-21

    Patients undergoing spinal surgeries may develop postoperative visual loss. We present a case of total bilateral visual loss in a patient who, despite having clinical and surgical risk factors for organic lesion, evolved with visual disturbance due to conversion disorder. A male patient, 39 years old, 71kg, 1.72 m, ASA I, admitted to undergo fusion and discectomy at L4-L5 and L5-S1. Venoclysis, cardioscopy, oximetry, NIBP; induction with remifentanil, propofol and rocuronium; intubation with ETT (8.0mm) followed by capnography and urinary catheterization for diuresis. Maintenance with full target-controlled intravenous anesthesia. During fixation and laminectomy, the patient developed severe bleeding and hypovolemic shock. After 30minutes, hemostasis and hemodynamic stability was achieved with infusion of norepinephrine, volume expansion, and blood products. In the ICU, the patient developed mental confusion, weakness in the limbs, and bilateral visual loss. It was not possible to identify clinical, laboratory or image findings of organic lesion. He evolved with episodes of anxiety, emotional lability, and language impairment; the hypothesis of conversion syndrome with visual component was raised after psychiatric evaluation. The patient had complete resolution of symptoms after visual education and introduction of low doses of antipsychotic, antidepressant, and benzodiazepine. Other symptoms also regressed, and the patient was discharged 12 days after surgery. After 60 days, the patient had no more symptoms. Conversion disorders may have different signs and symptoms of non-organic origin, including visual component. It is noteworthy that the occurrence of this type of visual dysfunction in the postoperative period of spinal surgery is a rare event and should be remembered as a differential diagnosis. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  9. Collateral Weight Loss in Children Living with Adult Bariatric Surgery Patients: A Case Control Study

    PubMed Central

    Hirsch, Annemarie G.; Wood, G. Craig; Bailey-Davis, Lisa; Lent, Michelle R.; Gerhard, Glenn S.; Still, Christopher D.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the impact of adult bariatric surgery on the Body Mass Index (BMI) of children living in the same household. Design and Methods A retrospective case-control study. Case dyads (n=128) were composed of one adult who had bariatric surgery and one child at the same address. Control dyads (n=384) were composed of an adult with obesity but no bariatric surgery and a child at the same address. We used a two-sample t-test to determine whether the differences between actual and expected BMI at follow-up (post-surgery) differed between children in the case and control dyads. Results Among boys who were overweight, boys who lived with a surgery patient had a lower than expected BMI post-surgery, while boys who did not live with a surgery patient had a higher than expected BMI at follow-up (p=0.045). Differences between actual and expected BMIs of children were not significantly different between cases and controls in girls or in children in other weight classes. Conclusions Overweight boys who lived with an adult bariatric surgery patient had a lower than expected BMI after surgery as compared to controls. Future studies may be warranted to determine the mechanisms by which these children experience collateral weight loss. PMID:24989939

  10. Prophylactic use of fibrin sealant (ARTISS(™) ) for facilitating safe transition to drain-free thyroid surgery: a single-centre case series review of 109 procedures.

    PubMed

    Heyes, Richard; Ramdoo, Krishan; Manjaly, Joseph G; Charn, Tze Choong; Tatla, Taran

    2017-02-24

    Despite a lack of evidence to support drain insertion in thyroid surgery, drain placement, to prevent rapidly expanding haematoma which occurs in around 1% of cases, remains common (1,2,3) . Throughout surgery there has been a drive towards reducing postoperative length of hospital admission. For day-case thyroidectomy to become a widely adopted clinical reality, the use of drains requires abandonment, but beyond this, the cause for surgeons' reticence to practise drain-free surgery, namely haematoma risk, needs to be addressed. This paper describes a study conducted to examine the efficacy of ARTISS(™) , a commercially available thrombin-dilute fibrin sealant, in thyroid surgery to permit safe transition to drain-free surgery. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  11. Evaluation of intraoperative bleeding during an endoscopic surgery of nasal polyposis after a pre-operative single dose versus a 5-day course of corticosteroid.

    PubMed

    Atighechi, Saeid; Azimi, Mohammad Reza; Mirvakili, Seyyed Abbas; Baradaranfar, Mohammad Hossein; Dadgarnia, Mohammad Hossein

    2013-09-01

    Nasal polyps are associated with the inflammation of the nasal cavity and the sinus mucosa. When medical treatment cannot solve a patient's problem, a functional endoscopic sinus surgery may be indicated. Bleeding impairs the surgery field during operation and increases the operation risk and time. Pre-operative corticosteroids can reduce bleeding during surgery. In this study, we have evaluated the effect of pre-operative single-dose prednisolone (1 mg/Kg/dose 24 h before surgery) versus 5-day prednisolone (1 mg/Kg/day before operation) on the bleeding volume and the surgery field quality during FESS. In this mono blind randomized clinical trial, 80 patients with bilateral nasal polyps were randomly assigned in two groups. The first group (A) received a single dose of 1 mg/Kg/dose prednisolone on the day before the surgery. The second group (B) received 1 mg/Kg/day prednisolone for 5 days before the operation. The patients were operated on under general anesthesia through the same protocol. The mean arterial blood pressure was 70-80 mm Hg in both groups. The surgeons were not aware of the patients' group. The bleeding volume and the surgeons' opinion about the surgery field quality were recorded at the end of the procedure and analyzed by Chi-square and t test. The two groups were not significantly different in their overall demographic and clinical characteristics. The mean bleeding volume during the operation was 266.5 ± 96.31 ml in group A and 206 ± 52.81 ml in group B; there was a significant difference between the groups (P value = 0.038). There was no significant difference between the groups in the surgeons' opinion about the surgery field quality (P value = 0.09). In conclusion, unlike a single dose (1 mg/kg/dose), treatment with 5-day prednisolone (1 mg/kg/day) can reduce blood loss during FESS more efficiently and may improve the surgery field quality slightly. But this difference is not clinically significant.

  12. Surgery-first orthognathic approach case series: Salient features and guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Gandedkar, Narayan H; Chng, Chai Kiat; Tan, Winston

    2016-01-01

    Conventional orthognathic surgery treatment involves a prolonged period of orthodontic treatment (pre- and post-surgery), making the total treatment period of 3–4 years too exhaustive. Surgery-first orthognathic approach (SFOA) sees orthognathic surgery being carried out first, followed by orthodontic treatment to align the teeth and occlusion. Following orthognathic surgery, a period of rapid metabolic activity within tissues ensues is known as the regional acceleratory phenomenon (RAP). By performing surgery first, RAP can be harnessed to facilitate efficient orthodontic treatment. This phenomenon is believed to be a key factor in the notable reduction in treatment duration using SFOA. This article presents two cases treated with SFOA with emphasis on “case selection, treatment strategy, merits, and limitations” of SFOA. Further, salient features comparison of “conventional orthognathic surgery” and “SFOA” with an overview of author's SFOA treatment protocol is enumerated. PMID:26998476

  13. Inflammatory response measured by body temperature, C-reactive protein and white blood cell count 1, 3, and 5 days after laparotomic or laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

    PubMed

    Csendes, Attila; Burgos, Ana Maria; Roizblatt, Daniel; Garay, Claudio; Bezama, Pablo

    2009-07-01

    Morbid obesity is a chronic inflammatory condition due to the production of several cytokines from the adipose tissue. However, what happens with some of these parameters the first days after surgery is unknown. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine, through a prospective and descriptive study, the behavior of the C-reactive protein (CRP), the white blood cell count, and the body temperature prior to a gastric bypass and for 5 days afterwards. A total of 156 patients with morbid obesity were included in this prospective study. There were 120 women and 36 men, with a mean age of 41 years and a body mass index of 43 kg/m(2). They were submitted either to a laparotomic resectional gastric bypass or to a laparoscopic gastric bypass. Body temperature was measured every 8 h during 5 days. CPR and white blood cells were measured at the first, third, and fifth day after surgery. All patients had a normal postoperative course. Body temperature showed no change. White blood cells increased significantly at the first and third day after surgery but normalized by the fifth day. However, the third day after surgery, laparotomic gastric bypass patients showed a significantly greater increase in the total white blood cell count as well as in segmented neutrophil cells compared to laparoscopic surgery patients. CRP exhibited a similar increase and was more pronounced after a laparotomic approach. During the 5 days after gastric bypass, a significant increase in white blood cells and CRP was observed. The increase was significantly greater after a laparotomic bypass compared to the laparoscopic approach.

  14. The impact of socioeconomic factors on 30-day mortality following elective colorectal cancer surgery: a nationwide study.

    PubMed

    Frederiksen, B L; Osler, M; Harling, H; Ladelund, Steen; Jørgensen, T

    2009-05-01

    We investigated postoperative mortality in relation to socioeconomic status (SES) in electively operated colorectal cancer patients, and evaluated whether social inequalities were explained by factors related to patient, disease or treatment. Data from the nationwide database of Danish Colorectal Cancer Group were linked to individual socioeconomic information in Statistics Denmark. Patients born before 1921 and those having local surgical or palliative procedures were excluded. A total of 7160 patients, operated on in the period 2001-2004, were included, of whom 342 (4.8%) died within 30 days of surgery. Postoperative mortality was significantly lower in patients with high income (odds ratio (OR)=0.82 (0.70-0.95) for each increase in annual income of EUR 13,500), higher education versus short education (OR)=0.60 (0.41-0.87), and owner-occupied versus rental housing (OR)=0.73 (0.58-0.93). Differences in comorbidity and to a lesser extent lifestyle characteristics accounted for the excess risk of postoperative death among low-SES patients.

  15. Cataract surgery in a case of carotid cavernous fistula.

    PubMed

    Nair, Akshay Gopinathan; Praveen, Smita Vittal; Noronha, Veena Olma

    2014-09-01

    A carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. The ocular manifestations include conjunctival chemosis, proptosis, globe displacement, raised intraocular pressure and optic neuropathy. Although management of CCF in these patients is necessary, the ophthalmologist may also have to treat other ocular morbidities such as cataract. Cataract surgery in patients with CCF may be associated with many possible complications, including suprachoroidal hemorrhage. We describe cataract extraction surgery in 60-year-old female with bilateral spontaneous low-flow CCF. She underwent phacoemulsification via a clear corneal route under topical anesthesia and had an uneventful postoperative phase and recovered successfully. Given the various possible ocular changes in CCF, one must proceed with an intraocular surgery with caution. In this communication, we wish to describe the surgical precautions and the possible pitfalls in cataract surgery in patients with CCF.

  16. Cataract surgery in a case of carotid cavernous fistula

    PubMed Central

    Nair, Akshay Gopinathan; Praveen, Smita Vittal; Noronha, Veena Olma

    2014-01-01

    A carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. The ocular manifestations include conjunctival chemosis, proptosis, globe displacement, raised intraocular pressure and optic neuropathy. Although management of CCF in these patients is necessary, the ophthalmologist may also have to treat other ocular morbidities such as cataract. Cataract surgery in patients with CCF may be associated with many possible complications, including suprachoroidal hemorrhage. We describe cataract extraction surgery in 60-year-old female with bilateral spontaneous low-flow CCF. She underwent phacoemulsification via a clear corneal route under topical anesthesia and had an uneventful postoperative phase and recovered successfully. Given the various possible ocular changes in CCF, one must proceed with an intraocular surgery with caution. In this communication, we wish to describe the surgical precautions and the possible pitfalls in cataract surgery in patients with CCF. PMID:25370401

  17. Facial nerve paralysis after impacted lower third molar surgery: a literature review and case report.

    PubMed

    Vasconcelos, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito; Bessa-Nogueira, Ricardo Viana; Maurette, Paul Edward; Carneiro, Suzana Célia Soares de Aguiar

    2006-03-01

    Facial nerve paralysis (FNP) is the most common cranial nerve disorders and it results in a characteristic facial distortion that is determined in part by the nerves branches involved. With multiples etiologies, these included trauma, tumor formation, idiopathic conditions, cerebral infarct, pseudobulbar palsy and viruses. FNP during dental treatment is very rare and can be associated with the injection of local anesthetic, prolonged attempt to remove a mandibular third molar and subsequent infection. We report a case of a 21 years-old black woman who developed a Bell's palsy after an impacted third molar surgery under local anaesthesia, present a FNP classified like a grade IV by the House-Brackmann's grading system. The treatment was based of prescription of a cytidine and uridine complex (NUCLEO CMP tm) one tablet twice per day and a close follow up. Three months later that had beginning the treatment, the patient recovery her normal facial muscle activity.

  18. A Day at the Beach: A Multidisciplinary Business Law Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rymsza, Leonard; Saunders, Kurt; Baum, Paul; Tontz, Richard

    2010-01-01

    This case study, written for use in a multidisciplinary course, exposes students to concepts in business law, economics, and statistics. The case is based upon a hypothetical scenario involving a young woman who, having spent a relaxing day at the beach, heads for home. On the drive home, a flip-flop she is wearing becomes lodged under the gas…

  19. A Day at the Beach: A Multidisciplinary Business Law Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rymsza, Leonard; Saunders, Kurt; Baum, Paul; Tontz, Richard

    2010-01-01

    This case study, written for use in a multidisciplinary course, exposes students to concepts in business law, economics, and statistics. The case is based upon a hypothetical scenario involving a young woman who, having spent a relaxing day at the beach, heads for home. On the drive home, a flip-flop she is wearing becomes lodged under the gas…

  20. Cutting Edge Treatment: Pain and Surgery in the Ashley X Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sobsey, Dick

    2009-01-01

    Pain and surgery are phenomena that have frequently been mentioned in the discussions of the Ashley X case. This article describes how pain and surgery have been used selectively to argue for or against the Ashley X procedures. Few if any of the many publications discussing the merits of the Ashley-X procedures can be said to strike a reasonable…

  1. Children Coping with Surgery through Drawings: A Case Study from a Parenting Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broecher, Joachim

    2012-01-01

    This case study illustrates how parents can help their children cope with the fear and pain of surgery by engaging them in expressive drawing. As part of a parenting class that utilized art therapy techniques, a father shared his 6-year-old son's spontaneous drawings that had been created directly before and after surgery. Through guidance by the…

  2. Children Coping with Surgery through Drawings: A Case Study from a Parenting Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broecher, Joachim

    2012-01-01

    This case study illustrates how parents can help their children cope with the fear and pain of surgery by engaging them in expressive drawing. As part of a parenting class that utilized art therapy techniques, a father shared his 6-year-old son's spontaneous drawings that had been created directly before and after surgery. Through guidance by the…

  3. Collaborating to increase access to clinical and educational resources for surgery: a case study.

    PubMed

    Tomasko, Jonathan M; Adams, Nancy E; Garritano, Frank G; Santos, Mary C; Dillon, Peter W

    2014-01-01

    A case study is described in which collaborations between a Department of Surgery, a Department of Information Technology, and an academic health sciences library resulted in the development of an electronic surgical library available at the bedside, the deployment of tablet devices for surgery residents, and implementation of a tablet-friendly user interface for the institution's electronic medical record.

  4. Risk-adjusted and case-matched comparative study between antegrade and retrograde cerebral perfusion during aortic arch surgery: based on the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database : the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database Organization.

    PubMed

    Usui, Akihiko; Miyata, Hiroaki; Ueda, Yuichi; Motomura, Noboru; Takamoto, Shinichi

    2012-03-01

    Antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) and retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) are two major types of brain protection for aortic arch surgery. A large-scale clinical study of RCP and ACP is important to clarify the respective characteristics for major adverse events. We conducted a comparative study to evaluate up-to-date clinical outcomes in Japan based on the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JACVSD). The subjects were confined to cases undergone electively with ACP or RCP for nondissection aneurysms in the ascending aorta and aortic arch between 2005 and 2008 from 13 467 aortic surgeries. There were 2209 ACP cases and 583 RCP cases. A risk-adjusted comparison based on 30-day mortality, operative mortality, and major morbidity was assessed by a multivariable logistic regression analysis. A conditional logistic regression analysis was also conducted in 499 propensity matched-pairs with ACP and RCP. A risk-adjusted analysis showed no significant differences between the ACP and RCP groups regarding 30-day mortality (3.5% vs. 2.6%), operative mortality (5.3% vs. 4.1%), or stroke (6.8% vs. 3.1%). Propensity-matched pairs also revealed no significant differences between ACP and RCP regarding 30-day mortality (3.4% vs. 2.4%), operative mortality (3.8% vs. 3.4%), or stroke rate (5.0% vs. 3.0%); however, RCP resulted in a significantly higher rate of transient neurological dysfunction (3.0% vs. 5.8%) and need for dialysis (1.6% vs. 4.2%). Both RCP and ACP provide comparable clinical outcomes regarding both the mortality and stroke rates. RCP resulted in a higher incidence only in patients demonstrating transient neurological dysfunction and the need for dialysis.

  5. Spine deformity surgery in the elderly: risk factors and 30-day outcomes are comparable in posterior versus combined approaches.

    PubMed

    Yue, John K; Sing, David C; Sharma, Sourabh; Upadhyayula, Pavan S; Winkler, Ethan A; Shaw, Jeremy D; Metz, Lionel N

    2017-09-19

    Objectives Risk factors portending poor outcome following elective spine deformity fusion remain in need of characterization and stratification in the elderly population. Methods Cases aged ≥60 years who underwent elective posterior or anterior-posterior ('combined') fusion were extracted from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program years 2007-2013 and analyzed by surgical cohort (posterior vs. combined). The 30-day outcomes included operation time, hospital length of stay (HLOS), perioperative complications, and discharge destination. Multivariable regressions controlling for demographic/clinical variables were performed. Odds ratios (OR) and mean differences (B) were reported with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results A total of 881 cases (18.2% combined; 81.8% posterior) aged 70 ± 6.2 years, 32.8% male, and 87.2% Caucasian were included. Posterior fusions associated with extreme body habitus (obese class II/III and underweight; P = 0.027), functional independence (97.5% vs. 91.8%; P = 0.010), and multi-level fusions (7-12 levels: 24.8% vs. 18.1%; ≥13 levels: 8.9% vs. 3.1%; P = 0.004). Overall operation time was 338.0 ± 150.2-min and HLOS 7.4 ± 6.6-days; 17.1% suffered early complications and 54.5% were discharged home. On multivariable analysis, combined (B = 63.8-min; P < 0.001), and multi-level fusions (7-12: 61.0-min; P < 0.001; ≥13: 133.8-min; p < 0.001) associated with increased operation time. HLOS increased for multi-level fusions (7-12 levels: 1.3-days; P = 0.012; ≥13 levels: 2.2-days; P = 0.008). Overall complications did not differ by cohort or levels; on post hoc analysis combined fusions associated with pneumonia (OR = 3.05; P = 0.008). Multi-level fusions showed decreased odds of discharge home (7-12 levels: OR = 0.57; P = 0.003; ≥13-levels: OR = 0.41; P = 0.003). Conclusions The 30-day outcomes and early perioperative complications are comparable for posterior

  6. Over-the-scope-clipping system for anastomotic leak after colorectal surgery: Report of two cases

    PubMed Central

    Kobayashi, Hirotoshi; Kikuchi, Akifumi; Okazaki, Satoshi; Ishiguro, Megumi; Ishikawa, Toshiaki; Iida, Satoru; Uetake, Hiroyuki; Sugihara, Kenichi

    2014-01-01

    An anastomotic leak is one of the major complications following colorectal surgery. Standard treatments for anastomotic leak are total parenteral nutrition or temporary ileostomy. The over-the-scope-clipping (OTSC) system was originally developed to treat intestinal perforation or to close the tissue after natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. Two cases of successful management of an anastomotic leak after colorectal surgery using the OTSC system are reported. One patient avoided a temporary ileostomy. In the other, hospitalization was shortened by the use of the OTSC system. The OTSC system can be a potential option in the management of anastomotic leaks after colorectal surgery. PMID:24976736

  7. Morbidity after intracranial tumor surgery: sensitivity and specificity of retrospective review of medical records compared with patient-reported outcomes at 30 days.

    PubMed

    Drewes, Christina; Sagberg, Lisa Millgård; Jakola, Asgeir Store; Gulati, Sasha; Solheim, Ole

    2015-10-01

    Published outcome reports in neurosurgical literature frequently rely on data from retrospective review of hospital records at discharge, but the sensitivity and specificity of retrospective assessments of surgical morbidity is not known. The aim of this study was to elucidate the sensitivity and specificity of retrospective assessment of morbidity after intracranial tumor surgery by comparing it to patient-reported outcomes at 30 days. In 191 patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of intracranial tumors, we evaluated newly acquired neurological deficits within the motor, language, and cognitive domains. Traditional retrospective discharge data were collected by review of hospital records. Patient-reported data were obtained by structured phone interviews at 30 days after surgery. Data on perioperative medical and surgical complications were obtained from both hospital records and patient interviews conducted 30 days postoperatively. Sensitivity values for retrospective review of hospital records as compared with patient-reported outcomes were 0.52 for motor deficits, 0.4 for language deficits, and 0.07 for cognitive deficits. According to medical records, 158 patients were discharged with no new or worsened deficits, but only 117 (74%) of these patients confirmed this at 30 days after surgery. Specificity values were high (0.97-0.99), indicating that new deficits were unlikely to be found by retrospective review of hospital records at discharge when the patients did not report any at 30 days. Major perioperative complications were all identified through retrospective review of hospital records. Retrospective assessment of medical records at discharge from hospital may greatly underestimate the incidence of new neurological deficits after brain tumor surgery when compared with patient-reported outcomes after 30 days.

  8. [Drainage of amoebic liver abscess by single incision laparoscopic surgery. Report of a case].

    PubMed

    Telich-Tarriba, José Eduardo; Parrao-Alcántara, Iris Jocelyn; Montes-Hernández, Jesús Manuel; Vega-Pérez, Jesús

    2015-01-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery has increased recently due to successful results, achieved in several procedures. The aim of the present work is to present the first case in which single incision laparoscopy is used for the drainage of an amoebic liver abscess. A 44-year-old man presented with intense right upper quadrant pain, generalised jaundice, tachycardia, fever, hepatomegaly and a positive Murphy's sign. Laboratory results revealed an increased plasma bilirubin, elevated alkaline phosphatase and transaminases, leucocytosis, negative viral panel for hepatitis, and positive antibodies against Entamoeba histolytica. On an abdominal computed tomography a 15 × 12.1 cm hypodense lesion was observed in the patient's liver, identified as an amoebic liver abscess. Analgesics and antibiotics were started and subsequently the patient was submitted to laparoscopic drainage of the abscess using a single port approach. Drainage and irrigation of the abscess was performed. Four days later the patient was discharged without complications. Management of amoebic liver abscess is focused on the elimination of the infectious agent and obliteration of the abscess cavity in order to prevent its complications, especially rupture. Laparoscopic surgery has proved to be a safe and effective way to manage this entity. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  9. A Classification of Healthcare Facilities: Toward the Development of Energy Performance Benchmarks for Day Surgery Centers in Australia.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Tarek M F; Rajagopalan, Priyadarsini; Fuller, Robert

    2015-01-01

    In the literature, there is no consistent classification of healthcare facilities. In order to benchmark, assess, and compare the environmental performance of these buildings, it is important to clearly identify the typology within the scope of a particular research. This article identifies the different typologies within the healthcare sector, particularly in Australia, with the aim of the development of energy performance benchmarks for day surgery/procedure centers. Healthcare buildings encompass a wide range of facilities. They all share the same purpose of healing and offering a health service for patients. However, they vary significantly in terms of patient type and service provided. These buildings consume a considerable amount of energy, and as a result of the different designs and sizes, their pattern of energy consumption varies. The research used a systematic review of the literature to determine how the term "healthcare facility" has been employed in different contexts. In order to better understand the differences in healthcare facilities, definitions and the origin of hospitals and healthcare facilities are introduced and a framework for the classification of healthcare facilities and hospitals is proposed. Healthcare facilities are classified into the following six categories: patient type, care provided, management and ownership, level of care, facility size, and location. Based on these classifications, a categorization for the studies of energy performance in healthcare is introduced. This study provides a basis for assessment and comparison for a particular healthcare building typology that will assist researchers working in the field of design and energy assessment of healthcare facilities. © The Author(s) 2015.

  10. Post-endodontic treatment periodontal surgery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Azaripour, Adriano; Willershausen, Ines; Kämmerer, Philipp; Willershausen, Brita

    2013-02-01

    Two patients were diagnosed with combined endodontic-periodontal lesions. Endodontic treatment was performed, followed by surgery. In addition, the regeneration process was supported by the application of an enamel matrix derivate alone or in combination with guided bone regeneration techniques. At recall visits after 24 months, the teeth were asymptomatic and marked bone regeneration had occurred in both patients. The successful post-endodontic treatment of combined endodontic-periodontal lesions, using periodontal surgery and as adjunct guided tissue regenerative techniques, is presented. Further, the possibility of saving teeth, even with severely apparent pathology, should be highlighted.

  11. Instrument malfunction during robotic surgery: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Shivanshu; Bora, Girdhar S.; Devana, Sudheer S.; Mavuduru, Ravimohan S.; Singh, Shrawan K.; Mandal, Arup K.

    2016-01-01

    Robotic assistance is the new dimension of minimally invasive surgery. Despite being the state-of-the-art technology, newer technical problems still occur during robotic surgeries which are not addressed in the trouble shooting manual. We report one such problem being encountered with the tip cover accessory of monopolar scissors. In the current report, we discuss the technical fault and its correction. We feel that this problem needs to be registered into the trouble-shooting manual to prevent such incidents in future. PMID:27127362

  12. Day-care for breast cancer: ambulatory surgery and intra-operative radiation. Techniques and preliminary results of the Centre Val-d'Aurelle--Montpellier.

    PubMed

    Mourregot, A; Lemanski, C; Gutowski, M; Colombo, P-E; Charissoux, M; Dubois, J-B; Azria, D; Saint-Aubert, B; Domergue, J; Mathieu-Daude, H; Rouanet, P

    2014-04-01

    One-day breast carcinoma treatment is defined as association of ambulatory surgery and intra-operative irradiation. Selection and rigorous process of patients is the key to success. The surgical technique is not changed by the radiotherapy. Patient's satisfaction index is very high. Financial loss should not be a hurdle to its implementation.

  13. Booking patients for hospital admissions: evaluation of a pilot programme for day cases

    PubMed Central

    McLeod, Hugh; Ham, Chris; Kipping, Ruth

    2003-01-01

    Problem NHS patients requiring elective surgery usually have to wait before being treated and are usually told when a date becomes available. Design 18 month pilot programme to enable day case patients to book date of hospital admission at time of decision to operate. Background and setting 24 pilot sites in England with relatively short waiting times and some experience of booking appointments. Key measures for improvement Proportion of patients with booked or “to come in” date during and after pilot programme, proportion not attending for admission, and proportion waiting ≥ 6 months. Comparison of pilot sites with non-pilot sites. Strategies for change National Patients' Access Team established to help pilot sites enable patients to book admission dates. Provision of £9.9m to pilot sites to employ project managers, purchase equipment, buy extra time from clinical and other staff, and invest in information and communications technology. Effects of change Proportion of patients with booked or “to come in” date increased from 51.1% to 72.7% between end of March 1999 and end of March 2000, and then fell to 66.2% by end of March 2001. Over the same periods, the proportion of patients waiting ≥ 6 months fell from 10.9% to 10.5% and then increased to 11.9%. The proportion of patients failing to attend fell from 5.7% to 3.1% between the first quarter of 1999 and the first quarter of 2000, and then increased to 4.0% in the first quarter of 2001. Pilot sites varied widely in performance during and after the pilot phase. Pilot sites had higher proportions of patients with booked or “to come in” date than non-pilot sites at end of each period. Lessons learnt Increasing the proportion of patients who book their date of hospital admission is possible, but there are difficulties in sustaining this. Several factors facilitated or hindered the implementation of booking, and the roll out of the programme across the NHS is seeking to incorporate these factors. PMID

  14. Compensatory quadrant-hyperhidrosis after contralateral intrathoracic surgery: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Unilateral hyperhidrosis can be a neurological manifestation of irritations of the central or peripheral nervous system. Case presentation We present the case of a 67-year-old German man who had hyperhidrosis of his right upper body quadrant (including face, arm, and chest) following intrathoracic surgery of a left-sided pleural lipoma. Conclusion An isolated unilateral hyperhidrosis might occur after intrathoracic surgery. Besides anticholinergic drugs the use of botulinum toxin should be considered. PMID:23331641

  15. A Case for Day Care in Chicago: A Study of Families Using Not-for-Profit Day Care Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Syler, Murrell; Kemper, Patti Gregory

    This report is based on a survey undertaken by the Mayor's Office in Chicago to ascertain the effects of proposed HEW regulations for Title IV-A funds on the eligibility of families now using day care services in Chicago. The survey attempted to: (1) obtain actual profiles of the families currently using non-profit day care centers, (2) establish…

  16. Persistent urinary retention after surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis: a multi-center series of 16 cases.

    PubMed

    Azaïs, Henri; Rubod, Chrystèle; Ghoneim, Tarek; Vassilieff, Maud; Bailly, Emmanuel; Boileau, Laurent; Villet, Richard; Collinet, Pierre

    2015-06-01

    Persistent urinary retention (UR) is a complication of 3.5-14.3% of patients having undergone deep pelvic endometriosis (DPE) surgery of posterior compartment, and it is prone to persist. The purpose of this study is to identify surgical procedures and clinical circumstances associated with persistent UR, and consider its treatment. We undertook a multi-center retrospective study studying medical records of patients who had surgery for DPE between January 2005 and December 2012. Patients who suffered from UR defined as a post-void residual (PVR) volume >100 mL needing intermittent self-catheterizations more than 30 days after surgery were included. Preoperative data (functional complaints, clinical examination, imaging, medical treatment) were recorded. Types of surgery and detailed postoperative urinary symptoms were noted. 881 patients had surgery for DPE and 16 patients were included (1.8%). In 93.8% of cases, a lesion of posterior compartment was clinically significant. Mean lesion size was 28.8 ± 7.3 mm. Colorectal resection and colpectomy were necessary in 93.8 and 87.5% of cases, respectively. Loss of bladder sensation and straining during urination were the two most common post-operative symptoms. 11 patients still required self-catheterization up to 1 year after the intervention. Patients with increased risks of UR present with a symptomatic and clinically palpable deep pelvic endometriotic lesion of the posterior compartment. Treatment implies surgery with colorectal resection. Bilateral resection of utero-sacral ligaments and posterior colpectomy tend to increase that risk. Complications due to PVR volume and straining during urination may be prevented by self-catheterization.

  17. Symptomatic Triple-Region Spinal Stenosis Treated with Simultaneous Surgery: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Schaffer, Joseph C.; Raudenbush, Brandon L.; Molinari, Christine; Molinari, Robert W.

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Case report. Objectives Symptomatic triple-region spinal stenosis (TRSS), defined as spinal stenosis in three different regions of the spine, is extremely rare. To our knowledge, treatment with simultaneous decompressive surgery is not described in the literature. We report a case of a patient with TRSS who was treated successfully with simultaneous decompressive surgery in three separate regions of the spine. Methods A 50-year-old man presented with combined progressive cervical and thoracic myelopathy along with severe lumbar spinal claudication and radiculopathy. He underwent simultaneous decompressive surgery in all three regions of his spine and concomitant instrumented fusion in the cervical and thoracic regions. Results Estimated blood loss for the procedure was 600 mL total (250 mL cervical, 250 mL thoracic, 100 mL lumbar) and operative time was ∼3.5 hours. No changes were noted on intraoperative monitoring. The postoperative course was uncomplicated. The patient was discharged to inpatient rehabilitation on postoperative day (POD) 7 and discharged home on POD 11. At 6-month follow-up, his gait and motor function was improved and returned to normal in all extremities. He remains partially disabled due to chronic back pain. Conclusions This report is the first of symptomatic TRSS treated with simultaneous surgery in three different regions of the spine. Simultaneous triple region stenosis surgery appears to be an effective treatment option for this rare condition, but may be associated with prolonged hospital stay after surgery. PMID:26682102

  18. A population study of stroke in West Ukraine: incidence, stroke services, and 30-day case fatality.

    PubMed

    Mihálka, L; Smolanka, V; Bulecza, B; Mulesa, S; Bereczki, D

    2001-10-01

    According to World Health Organization statistics, Ukraine has extremely high stroke mortality. No population-based prospective studies of stroke incidence have been performed yet in this European country with approximately 50 million inhabitants. High reported rates of stroke mortality in official statistics conflict with some locally published incidence data in Ukraine. To obtain accurate data, we evaluated stroke incidence and 30-day case fatality in a prospective population study in the West Ukrainian city of Uzhgorod with a population of 126 000 inhabitants. Case certification by neurologists and follow-up at 30 days after stroke for all patients identified by any level of the health service system were performed for a 12-month period. We identified 352 stroke cases. The age-standardized incidence was 341 and 238 of 100 000 and mortality was 83 and 69 of 100 000 with the use of the European or world standard population for standardization. Mean age of stroke patients was 63.4+/-12.5 years. Rate of hospitalization was 66%. Hospitalized patients were >10 years younger than those treated in their homes. The 30-day case fatality rates were 15.4% among hospitalized patients and 36.8% among those treated at home. Overall 30-day case fatality was 23.3%. Stroke incidence and 30-day case fatality in this West Ukrainian city were similar to those of some West European countries and were much lower than what could be expected from World Health Organization statistics. The relatively low incidence rate seems accurate; because of the organization of local stroke services, it is not probable that a considerable proportion of patients with acute stroke could bypass all levels of the acute care health system. Local health statistics reported a much lower number of stroke cases and stroke deaths than found in our survey; thus, further study is needed to clarify the reason for the discrepancy between local data and the high reported stroke mortality in Ukraine.

  19. Recurrent radiculopathy caused by epidural gas after spinal surgery: report of four cases and literature review.

    PubMed

    Sasani, Mehdi; Ozer, A Fahir; Oktenoglu, Tunc; Cosar, Murat; Karaarslan, Ercan; Sarioglu, Ali C

    2007-05-01

    The article presents and discusses 4 cases in which symptomatic epidural gas developed after different surgeries on the lumbar spine. To raise spinal surgeons' awareness of this potential problem. Vacuum phenomenon (gas accumulation in an intervertebral disc) is relatively common. Gas can also spontaneously enter and collect in the epidural space, but symptomatic epidural gas after spinal surgery is very rare. To date, only 5 such cases after lumbar surgery have been reported. The primary disorders in the 4 new cases were disc extrusion at L2-L3 (Case 1), disc degeneration and herniation at L4-L5 (Case 2), stenosis of the lumbar spinal canal (Case 3), and disc herniation at L5-S1 with spinal canal stenosis (Case 4). The corresponding surgeries performed were L2-L3 microdiscectomy, L4-L5 microdiscectomy with instrumentation, right unilateral hemilaminotomy with complete instrumentation, and L5-S1 microdiscectomy. All 4 patients developed unexpected postoperative complaints of low back and radicular pain. Each was investigated with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The images revealed epidural gas collections compressing the thecal sac and/or nerve roots. Conservative management was effective in all but 1 case. In the latter case, computed tomography-guided needle aspiration was performed, but this did not resolve the problem. Surgery led to a favorable outcome, and follow-up lumbar computed tomography showed no epidural gas. Epidural gas after lumbar surgery is very rare but can cause unexpected postoperative back or radicular pain. Combined computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging should be used to identify the problem and rule out other disorders. Conservative treatment should be the first-line approach but surgery is often necessary if this does not resolve the problem.

  20. Complications and outcomes following rectal pull-through surgery in dogs with rectal masses: 74 cases (2000-2013).

    PubMed

    Nucci, Daniel J; Liptak, Julius M; Selmic, Laura E; Culp, William T N; Durant, April M; Worley, Deanna; Maritato, Karl C; Thomson, Maurine; Annoni, Maurizio; Singh, Ameet; Matz, Brad; Benson, John; Buracco, Paolo

    2014-09-15

    To evaluate the incidence of and factors associated with complications following rectal pull-through (RPT) surgery and the outcome for dogs with rectal tumors. Retrospective case series. 74 dogs with rectal masses. Information regarding signalment, history, diagnostic testing, type of rectal disease, surgical details, and postoperative complications, treatments, and outcomes was obtained from medical records and follow-up communications. Survival times were calculated. Descriptive statistics were generated. Regression analyses were used to evaluate the effect of various variables on the development of postsurgical complications and survival time. 58 (78.4%) dogs developed postsurgical complications, the most common of which was fecal incontinence with 42 (56.8%) dogs affected, of which 23 (54.8%) developed permanent incontinence. Other complications included diarrhea (n = 32), tenesmus (23), stricture formation (16), rectal bleeding (8), constipation (7), dehiscence (6), and infection (4). The rectal tumor recurred in 10 dogs. The median survival time was 1,150 days for all dogs and 726 days for dogs with malignant tumors. The 2 most common rectal masses were rectal carcinoma and rectal carcinoma in situ, and the dogs with these tumors had median survival times of 696 and 1,006 days, respectively. Dogs with rectal diseases that underwent RPT surgery had a high incidence of complications; however, those dogs had good local tumor control and survival times. The risk and impact of postsurgical complications on the quality of life and oncological outcomes should be discussed with owners before RPT surgery is performed in dogs with rectal masses.

  1. Influence of Arousal, Previous Experience, and Age on Surgery Preparation of Same Day of Surgery and In-Hospital Pediatric Patients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faust, Jan; Melamed, Barbara G.

    1984-01-01

    Studied two pediatric surgery populations (N=66) to determine differences in retention of preparatory information. Results showed that children exposed to a hospital-relevant film retained more information than those children not prepared regardless of age, IQ, previous experience, sex, and time of film preparation. (LLL)

  2. Disabling pelvic pain following open surgery for rectal prolapse: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Iatrogenic inferior hypogastric plexus neuropathy is a well-reported side effect of rectal prolapse surgery. This case report emphasizes the importance of careful evaluation of surgical strategy in pelvic surgery. Case presentation A 60-year-old Swiss Caucasian woman developed disabling pelvic pain in the right iliac fossa, radiating to the upper posterior side of the right thigh and right labium majus characterized by electric feelings. This followed resection and bilateral rectal fixation to the sacral promontory as treatment for rectal prolapse. Investigations included a multidisciplinary neurological pain evaluation. A computed tomography scan did not reveal any cause. Revision surgery was performed and a foreign body, a thread, was found wrapped around the inferior hypogastric plexus and was removed. Four years later, the patient remains asymptomatic. Conclusion This case emphasizes the importance of careful identification of the inferior hypogastric plexus during primary pelvic surgery.

  3. One-day surgery for acquired forefoot deformity: sciatic nerve blockade with mepivacaine vs mepivacaine+ropivacaine: a prospective, randomized study.

    PubMed

    Bugamelli, S; Zangheri, E; Montebugnoli, M; Borghi, B; Ricci, A; De Simone, N; Bonfatti, M; Elmar, K; Luppi, M; Pignotti, E

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the doses of ropivacaine combined with mepivacaine for sciatic nerve blockade to enable the extension of analgesia without prolonged motor blockade, for the management of very painful operations in one-day surgery. After obtaining approval by the ethics committee and written informed consent, we recruited 30 ASA I-III patients undergoing corrective orthopedic surgery of the forefoot in one-day surgery with sciatic nerve blockade. The patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: one control group, treated by 1.5% mepivacaine (300 mg), and two groups differentiated by the dose of 0.5% ropivacaine (25 and 40 mg) used in combination with 1.5% mepivacaine (225 mg). The offset data of the blockade were obtained by a self-assessment form filled in by the patients, and a direct check on discharge by a blinded observer. There was no significant difference in the duration of the blockade among the 3 groups; the extension of analgesia was significant (P<0.003) in the group treated by mepivacaine+ropivacaine 40 mg (mean 477+/-255 min). Adequate doses of ropivacaine added to mepivacaine for peripheral blockade produce and increase the duration of analgesia without influencing the criteria for discharge after Day Surgery.

  4. Hysterectomy for benign conditions: Complications relative to surgical approach and other variables that lead to post-operative readmission within 90 days of surgery.

    PubMed

    Lonky, Neal M; Mohan, Yasmina; Chiu, Vicki Y; Park, Jeanna; Kivnick, Seth; Hong, Christina; Hudson, Sharon M

    2017-08-01

    To examine variables associated with hysterectomy-related complications, relative to surgical approach and other variables, that lead to readmission within 90 days of surgery. We conducted an observational cohort study for which data were extracted from electronic health records. Data were extracted of all patients (n = 3106) who underwent hysterectomies at 10 Kaiser Permanente Southern California medical centers between June 2010 and September 2011. Patients who were pregnant or had a cancer diagnosis were excluded from the study. To identify univariate associations between examined variables and procedure type, chi-square tests for categorical variables and t-tests or analysis of variance for continuous variables were used. Generalized estimating equations methods were used to test associations between independent variables and primary outcomes of interest. Statistical significance was determined using a p-value <.05. Of 3106 patients, 109 experienced 168 post-operative complications. The most common post-operative complications were related to pelvic abscesses, bowel obstruction, or severe ileus, and the vaginal cuff. Pelvic abscesses were most frequent among total laparoscopic hysterectomy and total abdominal hysterectomy cases (p = .002), and vaginal cuff complications were most frequent among total laparoscopic hysterectomy cases (p = .015). Patients who underwent total vaginal hysterectomy (odds ratio = 2.13, confidence interval = 1.15-3.92), laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (odds ratio = 3.11, confidence interval = 1.13-8.57), and total laparoscopic hysterectomy (odds ratio = 5.60, confidence interval = 2.90-10.79) experienced increased occurrence of post-operative complications resulting in readmission. Other variables associated with an increased risk for readmission included high estimated blood loss (201-300 mL and 301+ mL, relative to 0-50 mL; odds ratio = 2.28, confidence interval = 1

  5. [Three cases of esophageal bleeding after cardiovascular surgery].

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Yasuhiko; Kosaka, Makoto

    2005-09-01

    Three patients after cardiovascular surgery developed severe esophageal bleeding. All had been diagnosed as having an aberrant subclavian artery (ASCA). ASCA is the commonest congenital anomaly of the aortic arch, which arises from the proximal portion of the descending thoracic aorta and runs across the back side of the esophagus. The patients were intubated with a tracheal, nasogastric or ileus tube for a long time after surgery because of low output syndrome (LOS), delayed awareness, or ileus. The ASCA was compressed by the nasogastric or ileus tube in the esophagus and the patients developed an ASCA-esophageal fistula and bleeding. It should be noted that patients with an ASCA may suffer from esophageal bleeding due to the prolonged use of a nasogastric tube. Prevention is the best way to avoid this serious complication.

  6. Post-operative delirium is an independent predictor of 30-day hospital readmission after spine surgery in the elderly (≥65years old): A study of 453 consecutive elderly spine surgery patients.

    PubMed

    Elsamadicy, Aladine A; Wang, Timothy Y; Back, Adam G; Lydon, Emily; Reddy, Gireesh B; Karikari, Isaac O; Gottfried, Oren N

    2017-07-01

    In the last decade, costs of U.S. healthcare expenditures have been soaring, with billions of dollars spent on hospital readmissions. Identifying causes and risk factors can reduce soaring readmission rates and help lower healthcare costs. The aim of this is to determine if post-operative delirium in the elderly is an independent risk factor for 30-day hospital readmission after spine surgery. The medical records of 453 consecutive elderly (≥65years old) patients undergoing spine surgery at Duke University Medical Center from 2008 to 2010 were reviewed. We identified 17 (3.75%) patients who experienced post-operative delirium according to DSM-V criteria. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and post-operative complication rates were collected for each patient. Elderly patients experiencing post-operative delirium had an increased length of hospital stay (10.47days vs. 5.70days, p=0.009). Complication rates were similar between the cohorts with the post-operative delirium patients having increased UTI and superficial surgical site infections. In total, 12.14% of patients were re-admitted within 30-days of discharge, with post-operative delirium patients experiencing approximately a 4-fold increase in 30-day readmission rates (Delirium: 41.18% vs. No Delirium: 11.01%, p=0.002). In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, post-operative delirium is an independent predictor of 30-day readmission after spine surgery in the elderly (p=0.03). Elderly patients experiencing post-operative delirium after spine surgery is an independent risk factor for unplanned readmission within 30-days of discharge. Preventable measures and early awareness of post-operative delirium in the elderly may help reduce readmission rates. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Anaesthetic Management for Cataract Surgery in VACTERL Syndrome Case Report.

    PubMed

    Khatavkar, Sonal S; Jagtap, S R

    2009-02-01

    Eight year old girl, weighing 14 kg with VACTERL syndrome V: Vertebral anomalies, A: Anal malformation, C: Cardiovascular defect, TE: Tracheal and esophageal malformation, R: Renal agenesis, L: Limb anomalies. underwent cataract surgery under general anaesthesia. She had multiple congenital anomalies like esophageal atresia, imperforate anus (corrected), single kidney & radial aplasia. Anticipating problems of gastro-esophageal reflux & chronic renal failure, successful management was done.

  8. Reconstructive surgery for giant penoscrotal elephantiasis: about one case.

    PubMed

    Kirakoya, Brahima; Zango, Barnabé; Paré, Abdoul Karim; Kaboré, Aristide Fasnéwendé; Yaméogo, Clotaire

    2014-01-01

    Elephantiasis of the external genitalia is characterized by lymphedema and thickening of the subcutaneous tissues. This gives the skin an appearance similar to a pachyderm skin. This pathology is invalidating for the patient. Reconstructive surgery is often the only way to restaure aesthetic and functional aspects of the external genitalia. We aim to report a 52 year man with huge penoscrotal elephantiasis who underwent excision and penoscrotal reconstruction at the department of Urology, Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital at Ouagadougou.

  9. A Case Study: Transitioning from a Five-Day School Week to a Four-Day School Week

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duchscherer, Brian

    2011-01-01

    For over a century, most PK-12 schools across the United States have been using the same format of five days of school a week for approximately 9 months a year. The discussion of a four-day school week is being considered as many school districts try to balance their budgets each school year. Some schools in the past 30 years have begun changing…

  10. A Case Study: Transitioning from a Five-Day School Week to a Four-Day School Week

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duchscherer, Brian

    2011-01-01

    For over a century, most PK-12 schools across the United States have been using the same format of five days of school a week for approximately 9 months a year. The discussion of a four-day school week is being considered as many school districts try to balance their budgets each school year. Some schools in the past 30 years have begun changing…

  11. The most cited articles in hand surgery over the past 20-plus years: a modern-day reading list.

    PubMed

    To, Philip; Atkinson, Cameron T; Lee, Donald H; Pappas, Nick D

    2013-05-01

    To create a current reading list of the hand surgery articles most commonly cited in the last 20-plus years. Using the Web of Science Citation Index Search, we searched "hand" and "wrist" in the orthopedic, surgery, and sport sciences research areas. We then reviewed the articles and chose the 50 most commonly cited articles related to hand surgery. Articles were categorized as clinical or basic science. Clinical articles were subcategorized as either therapeutic, prognostic, diagnostic, or economic/decision analysis and assigned a level of evidence rating. We calculated the number of citations per year (citation density). The total number of citations for the top 50 articles ranged from 92 to 317. Citation density ranged from 4 to 24 (average, 9.7). Of the 50 articles, 39 were clinical (78%), whereas the remainder were basic science. Clinical articles were most commonly therapeutic (25 of 39; 64%), followed by diagnostic (11 of 39; 28%) and prognostic (3 of 39; 8%). There were no economic/decision analysis-type articles. The most common level of evidence was level IV, which made up 38% of the list (19 of 50 articles). The second most common was level I, which represented 20% of the list (10 of 50 articles). A total of 70% of the articles (35 of 50) were published between 1990 and 1999, and the remainder of the articles were published after 1999. Fifty percent of the articles appeared in the Journal of Hand Surgery, American volume. Many of the articles found on our list have shaped the way we practice hand surgery today. We hope that this report and the articles it names can help residents and fellows study current hand surgery and its evolution over the past 20 years. Economic and decision analyses IV. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Cefazolin-related fever in postoperative spine surgery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Wilartratsami, Sirichai; Jutasompakorn, Pinpilai; Luksanapruksa, Panya

    2014-09-01

    There have been few reports describing antibiotic related fever especially in the beta-lactam class of antibiotics. The present report is a case of postoperative immediate-onset cefazolin-related fever in a lumbar spine surgery patient. A 58-year-old woman presented with progressive low back pain and neurogenic claudication of both extremities for six months. Magnetic resonance imagese (MRI) of the lumbar spine indicated central canal stenosis with nerve root compression from L4 to S1. After decompressive laminectomy, pedicular screw fixation, and posterolateral fusion were performed, the patient experienced-postoperative fever without obvious evidence of infection. The blood and tip of drain bacterial culture grew no organisms. After propholactic cefazolin was discontinued in postoperative day 5, the fever began to declined and returned to normal on postoperative day 9. Postoperative drug fever that is caused by prophylactic cefazolin may be delayed in diagnosis because drug fever is usually diagnosed by exclusion after the elimination of other potential causes. The research authors would like to encourage physicians to be aware of this entity. Prompt cause identification can obviate unnecessary diagnostic procedures and inappropriate treatments.

  13. The Little Rascals Day Care Center Case: The Ingredients of Two Successful Prosecutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Nancy B.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses reasons that the Little Rascals Day Care Center case (Edenton, NC) was successfully prosecuted, including picking witnesses to testify according to their verbal ability, challenging the judge's decision to try the defendants together, and keeping victims' parents informed. One prosecutor developed a "court school" to familiarize child…

  14. Why carers use adult day respite: a mixed method case study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background We need to improve our understanding of the complex interactions between family carers’ emotional relationships with care-recipients and carers use of support services. This study assessed carer’s expectations and perceptions of adult day respite services and their commitment to using services. Methods A mixed-method case study approach was used with psychological contract providing a conceptual framework. Data collection was situated within an organisational case study, and the total population of carers from the organisation’s day respite service were approached. Fifty respondents provided quantitative and qualitative data through an interview survey. The conceptual framework was expanded to include Maslow’s hierarchy of needs during analysis. Results Carers prioritised benefits for and experiences of care-recipients when making day respite decisions. Respondents had high levels of trust in the service and perceived that the major benefits for care-recipients were around social interaction and meaningful activity with resultant improved well-being. Carers wanted day respite experiences to include all levels of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs from the provision of physiological care and safety through to the higher levels of belongingness, love and esteem. Conclusion The study suggests carers need to trust that care-recipients will have quality experiences at day respite. This study was intended as a preliminary stage for further research and while not generalizable it does highlight key considerations in carers’ use of day respite services. PMID:24906239

  15. Why carers use adult day respite: a mixed method case study.

    PubMed

    Stirling, Christine M; Dwan, Corinna A; McKenzie, Angela R

    2014-06-06

    We need to improve our understanding of the complex interactions between family carers' emotional relationships with care-recipients and carers use of support services. This study assessed carer's expectations and perceptions of adult day respite services and their commitment to using services. A mixed-method case study approach was used with psychological contract providing a conceptual framework. Data collection was situated within an organisational case study, and the total population of carers from the organisation's day respite service were approached. Fifty respondents provided quantitative and qualitative data through an interview survey. The conceptual framework was expanded to include Maslow's hierarchy of needs during analysis. Carers prioritised benefits for and experiences of care-recipients when making day respite decisions. Respondents had high levels of trust in the service and perceived that the major benefits for care-recipients were around social interaction and meaningful activity with resultant improved well-being. Carers wanted day respite experiences to include all levels of Maslow's hierarchy of needs from the provision of physiological care and safety through to the higher levels of belongingness, love and esteem. The study suggests carers need to trust that care-recipients will have quality experiences at day respite. This study was intended as a preliminary stage for further research and while not generalizable it does highlight key considerations in carers' use of day respite services.

  16. Managing Drawbacks in Unconventional Successful Glaucoma Surgery: A Case Report of Stent Exposure

    PubMed Central

    Fea, Antonio; Cannizzo, Paola Maria Loredana; Consolandi, Giulia; Lavia, Carlo Alessandro; Pignata, Giulia; Grignolo, Federico M.

    2015-01-01

    Traditional options in managing failed trabeculectomy (bleb needling, revision, additional incisional surgery and tube surgery) have a relatively high failure and complication rate. The use of microinvasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) has generally been reserved to mild to moderate glaucoma cases, proving good safety profiles but significant limitations in terms of efficacy. We describe a patient who underwent MIGS (XEN Aquesys subconjunctival shunt implantation) after a prior failed trabeculectomy. After the surgery, the IOP was well controlled but as the stent was close to an area of scarred conjunctiva of the previous trabeculectomy, it became partially exposed. As a complete success was achieved, we decided to remove the conjunctiva over the exposed area and replace it by an amniotic membrane transplantation and a conjunctiva autograft. Six months after surgery, the unmedicated IOP is still well controlled with complete visual acuity recovery. PMID:26294994

  17. Obesity weight management and bariatric surgery case management programs: a review of literature.

    PubMed

    Echols, Jennie

    2010-01-01

    The proportion of Americans with clinically severe obesity has vast implications for the nation's healthcare system since this population have twice as many chronic medical conditions as people with normal weight. Through the use of review of literature, this article (a) describes the types of weight loss programs; (b) reviews the results from studies on effectiveness of bariatric surgery; and (c) identifies recommendations for obesity and bariatric surgery case management programs. Disease management companies appear to be concentrating on general weight loss strategies associated with wellness and other condition-specific disease management products, whereas larger national healthcare companies with at-risk and insurance products offer specific bariatric surgery management products. Case management programs within healthcare systems, health management organizations, and insurance companies are frequently faced with the management of individuals with morbid obesity and, increasingly, those who are requesting or have undergone bariatric surgery. Research shows that morbid obesity is a disease that remains generally unresponsive to diet and drug therapy but appears to respond well to bariatric surgery. Research findings suggest that surgical treatment is more effective than pharmacological treatment of weight loss and the control of some comorbidities associated with obesity. The number of Americans having weight loss surgery increased by 804% between 1998 and 2004, which appears to be a driver for the recent development of obesity disease management and bariatric surgery case management programs. Although the immaturity and lack of studies citing outcomes of obesity disease and case management programs limit the identification of best practices based on outcomes, emerging practices can be identified and recommendations for case management can be formulated. In addition to primary prevention and treatment programs for obesity, this article describes program

  18. Portomesenteric venous thrombosis: A rare but probably under-reported complication of laparoscopic surgery: A case series

    PubMed Central

    Goh, Yan Mei; Tokala, Ajay; Hany, Tarek; Pursnani, Kishore G.; Date, Ravindra S.

    2017-01-01

    Portomesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is a rare but well-reported complication following laparoscopic surgery. We present three cases of PMVT following laparoscopic surgery. Our first case is a 71-year-old morbidly obese woman admitted for elective laparoscopic giant hiatus hernia (LGHH) repair. Post-operatively, she developed multi-organ dysfunction and computed tomography scan revealed portal venous gas and extensive small bowel infarct. The second patient is a 51-year-old man with known previous deep venous thrombosis who also had elective LGHH repair. He presented 8 weeks post-operatively with severe abdominal pain and required major bowel resection. Our third case is an 86-year-old woman who developed worsening abdominal tenderness 3 days after laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for adenocarcinoma and was diagnosed with an incidental finding of thrombus in the portal vein. She did not require further surgical intervention. The current guidelines for thromboprophylaxis follow-up in this patient group may not be adequate for the patients at risk. Hence, we propose prolonged period of thromboprophylaxis in the patients undergoing major laparoscopic surgery. PMID:28281480

  19. Propranolol therapy for cutaneous infantile haemangiomas initiated safely as a day-case procedure.

    PubMed

    McSwiney, Edward; Murray, Deirdre; Murphy, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    Propranolol is emerging as the treatment of choice for high-risk infantile haemangiomas. Current protocols recommend overnight admission for initiation of propranolol as well as baseline investigations including electrocardiography (ECG) and echocardiography (ECHO). Our study examined the safety profile of propranolol for the treatment of infantile haemangiomas using a simplified day-case initiation protocol. We evaluated 20 consecutive patients commencing propranolol as a day case for the treatment of an infantile haemangioma over an 18-month period. Investigations were carried out according to our local protocol. Cardiac investigations were not routinely performed. Patients were observed for 2 h following administration of the first dose of propranolol (0.5 mg/kg orally). If no adverse effects were observed, patients were discharged on a daily dose of propranolol of 1 mg/kg, increased to 2 mg/kg on day 4. Patients were reviewed on the day ward on day 8. All haemangiomas requiring treatment were small to moderate in size (median maximum diameter 2.35 cm). Except for capillary blood glucose measurement, no patient required venepuncture for additional blood investigations. As all patients had a normal clinical examination, none required ECHO. An ECG was performed on just one patient. No adverse reactions were observed following administration of propranolol. All patients were discharged home on the same day. No serious adverse events were reported at follow-up. We demonstrate that with targeted cardiac screening, propranolol can be safely initiated on a day-case basis for the treatment of small- to moderate-sized infantile haemangiomas.

  20. Day-Case Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Disease: Results from a Multi-Center European Study.

    PubMed

    Spiliopoulos, Stavros; Karnabatidis, Dimitrios; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Diamantopoulos, Athanasios; Ali, Tariq; Kitrou, Panagiotis; Cannavale, Alessandro; Krokidis, Miltiadis

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate safety and feasibility of day-case endovascular procedures for the management of peripheral arterial disease. This was a multi-center, retrospective study including all patients treated over a 30-month period with endovascular angioplasty or stenting for intermittent claudication (IC) or critical limb ischemia (CLI) on a day-case basis, in Interventional Radiology (IR) departments of three European tertiary hospitals. Exclusion criteria were not related to the type of lesion and included unavailability of an adult able to take care of patient overnight; high bleeding risk and ASA score ≥4. Primary efficacy outcome was the rate of procedures performed on an outpatient basis requiring no further hospitalization and primary safety outcome was freedom from 30-day major complications' rate. The study included 652 patients (male 75 %; mean age 68 ± 10 years; range: 27-93), 24.6 % treated for CLI. In 53.3 % of the cases a 6Fr sheath was used. Technical success was 97.1 %. Haemostasis was obtained by manual compression in 52.4 % of the accesses. The primary efficacy outcome occurred in 95.4 % (622/652 patients) and primary safety outcome in 98.6 % (643/652 patients). Major complications included five (0.7 %) retroperitoneal hematomas requiring transfusion; one (0.1 %) common femoral artery pseudoaneurysm successfully treated with US-guided thrombin injection, two cases of intra-procedural distal embolization treated with catheter-directed local thrombolysis and one on-table cardiac arrest necessitating >24 h recovery. No major complication was noted after same-day discharge. Day-case endovascular procedures for the treatment of IC or CLI can be safely and efficiently performed in experienced IR departments of large tertiary hospitals.

  1. An oncology mind-body medicine day care clinic: concept and case presentation.

    PubMed

    Paul, Anna; Cramer, Holger; Lauche, Romy; Altner, Nils; Langhorst, Jost; Dobos, Gustav J

    2013-11-01

    Cancer diagnosis and treatment are often associated with physical and psychosocial impairments. Many cancer patients request complementary and alternative therapies such as mind-body medicine. The department of internal and integrative medicine at the Essen-Mitte Clinics offer a mind-body medicine day care clinic for cancer patients that is based on the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program and the mind-body medicine cancer program of the Harvard Mind/Body Medical Institute. The program encompasses mindfulness training, yoga, mindful exercise, nutrition, naturopathic self-help strategies, and cognitive restructuring. Two patients who had participated in the day care clinic program are presented here. One patient presented with anxiety and depression after recently diagnosed breast cancer and the other with psychological impairments as a result of multiple nevi excision after malignant melanoma surgery. Both patients improved in terms of anxiety and further psychological symptoms. The Essen-Mitte Clinics mind-body medicine day care clinic appears to alleviate psychological consequences of cancer and its treatment. Further studies and randomized controlled trials are necessary to confirm these results.

  2. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgeries: A multicenter experience of 469 cases in Japan.

    PubMed

    Sato, Fuminori; Nakagawa, Ken; Kawauchi, Akihiro; Matsubara, Akio; Okegawa, Takatsugu; Habuchi, Tomonori; Yoshimura, Koji; Hoshi, Akio; Kinoshita, Hidefumi; Miyajima, Akira; Naitoh, Yasuyuki; Inoue, Shogo; Itaya, Naoshi; Narita, Shintaro; Hanai, Kazuya; Okubo, Kazutoshi; Yanishi, Masaaki; Matsuda, Tadashi; Terachi, Toshiro; Mimata, Hiromitsu

    2017-01-01

    To report on a multi-institutional series of non-robotic urological laparoendoscopic single-site surgery in Japan. Consecutive cases of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery carried out between February 2009 and December 2012 at nine academic institutions were included. We examined the surgical outcomes, including conversion and complications rates. Four hundred and sixty-nine cases were included in the analysis. The most common procedure was adrenalectomy (n = 177) and the second most common procedure was radical nephrectomy (n = 143). The procedures also included nephroureterectomy (n = 40), living donor nephrectomy (n = 40), pyeloplasty (n = 30), urachal remnant excision (n = 9), simple nephrectomy (n = 7), radical prostatectomy (n = 6) and others (n = 17). The access sites included umbilicus (n = 248, 53%) and other sites (n = 221, 47%). A transperitoneal approach was used in 385 cases (82%), and retroperitoneal approach in 84 cases (18%). The median operation time of all procedures was 198 min. Conversion to reduced port surgery, conventional laparoscopy, or open surgery was noted in 27 cases (5.8%), 12 cases (2.6%), and two cases (0.4%), respectively, with an overall conversion rate of 8.7%. Intraoperative complications occurred in 10 cases (2.1%). Post-operative complications were noted in 29 cases (6.2%), including five major complications (1.1%). No mortality was recorded in this series. Non-robotic laparoendoscopic single-site surgery is technically feasible and safe for various urologic diseases in Japan. Furthermore, urological laparoendoscopic single-site surgery is a promising minimally invasive surgical option that is feasible for experienced urological surgeons in intermediate-volume centers as well as high-volume centers. © 2016 The Japanese Urological Association.

  3. Pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis treated with emergency surgery: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Kakoki, Katsura; Miyata, Yasuyoshi; Shida, Youhei; Hakariya, Tomoaki; Takehara, Kosuke; Izumida, Seiya; Sekino, Motohiro; Kinoshita, Naoe; Igawa, Tsukasa; Fukuoka, Junya; Sakai, Hideki

    2015-12-09

    Pheochromocytoma is a neuroendocrine tumor that predominantly presents with hypertension, palpitations, and tachycardia due to excessive catecholamine excretion. Although pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis (PMC) is relatively rare, urologists and clinicians should focus on early diagnosis as delay in initiating the appropriate treatment can lead to mortality A 70-year-old man developed ileus after a few days of medication for hypertension. Computed tomography incidentally revealed a left adrenal mass. This finding together with his clinical course was compatible with pheochromocytoma. An α-blocker was administered immediately, and his blood pressure was well controlled. However, his general condition and laboratory data deteriorated rapidly, and the patient was diagnosed with PMC with lethal status. Thus, emergency adrenalectomy was performed without confirmation of catecholamine levels. From the resected specimen, his tumor was judged as pheochromocytoma. On immunohistochemical analysis, the proliferation index evaluated by Ki-67 staining was 9.7 %. This case report was approved by the Human Ethics Review Committee of the Nagasaki University Hospital. The present case of PMC was successfully treated with emergency surgery. The benign pheochromocytoma also presented with high cell proliferation potential, which may be a cause of the extreme aggressiveness of PMC.

  4. Day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy: analysis of the factors allowing early discharge.

    PubMed

    Tebala, Giovanni Domenico; Belvedere, Angela; Keane, Sean; Khan, Abdul Qayyum; Osman, Abdelsalam

    2017-03-21

    Despite a number of studies have already demonstrated that majority of patients can be safely discharged early after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, this approach did not gain widespread diffusion yet. The present study was set up to assess safety and feasibility of 24 h or same-day discharge after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to identify the prognostic factors. Perioperative variables of 229 patients undergoing cholecystectomy have been analyzed. Primary endpoints were: postoperative length of stay, rate of patients discharged within 24 h, and rate of those discharged on the same day. Secondary endpoints were rate of 30-day readmission and rate of 30-day postoperative complications. Two-hundred twenty-three cases have been started by laparoscopy. Conversion rate was 3.1%. Overall mean postoperative stay was 1.8 ± 3.5 days (median 1 day). Seventy-eight percent of patients have been discharged within 24 h, and 22.3% have been discharged on the same day. Postoperative morbidity was 2.2%. Readmission rate was 3.9%. At univariate analysis, factors related to early discharge were age (more or less than 65), diagnosis (simple symptomatic gallstones vs complicated gallstones), ASA score, timing of operation (elective vs emergency), history of CBD stones, laparoscopic operation, and use of drain. No single factor was significantly related to readmission rate, but the use of drains in laparoscopic cases. At multivariate analysis, only elective operation, simple symptomatic gallstones, no history of CBD stones, laparoscopic approach, and no abdominal drain resulted independently associated with discharge within 24 h from the operation. The predictive models are all fit and significant. Early postoperative discharge within 24 h should be considered in all patients with simple symptomatic gallstones who had laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Same-day discharge should be considered if no drain was left at the end of the operation.

  5. Safety and postoperative adverse events in pediatric otologic surgery: analysis of American College of Surgeons NSQIP-P 30-Day outcomes.

    PubMed

    Roxbury, Christopher R; Yang, Jingyan; Salazar, Jose; Shah, Rahul K; Boss, Emily F

    2015-05-01

    Describe safety and postoperative sequelae of pediatric otologic surgery and identify predictive factors for postoperative events. Retrospective cohort study of the American College of Surgeons National Surgery Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) database. Data pooled from the 2012 NSQIP-P public use file (50 institutions). Current procedural terminology codes were used to identify children who underwent otologic surgery. Variables of interest included demographics and 30-day postoperative events grouped as reoperation, readmission, and complication. Event rates were determined and prevalence of events compared by procedure type and within patient subgroups according to chi-square analysis. Multivariate logistic regression evaluated predictive factors for postoperative events. Of 37,319 pediatric operations, 2556 (6.8%) were otologic procedures. The most common procedure was tympanoplasty (n = 893, 34.9%), followed by myringoplasty (n = 741, 30.0%), cochlear implantation (n = 464, 18.2%), and tympanomastoidectomy (n = 458, 17.9%). There were 9 reoperations (0.4%), 32 readmissions (1.3%), and 18 complications (0.7%). Children undergoing tympanomastoidectomy or cochlear implantation were more likely to be readmitted irrespective of other factors (odds ratio = 5.5, P = .010; odds ratio = 3.5, P = .083). Children <3 years old were 4 times more likely to be readmitted than older children (odds ratio = 4.4, P < .001). Pediatric otologic procedures are common and have low rates of global 30-day postoperative events. Tympanomastoidectomy and cochlear implantation have the highest risk of 30-day readmission. Young children (<3 years) are more likely to be readmitted following these procedures. Further optimization of the NSQIP-P to include specialty and procedure-specific variables is necessary to assess complete, actionable outcomes of pediatric otologic surgery, however the present study provides a foundation to build upon for safety and quality improvement

  6. A Case of Delayed Spontaneous Aneurismal Rupture after Ear Surgery Under General Anesthesia

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Kyung Seok; Lee, Jong Min; Yoon, Yong Joo

    2012-01-01

    Many complications have been reported after ear surgery to treat chronic inflammation. These complications include facial nerve paralysis, perichondritis, injury of the dura or of the sigmoid sinus, cyst formation or mucocele in the healed mastoid cavity, and the recurrence of cholesteatoma, granulation tissue, or otorrhea. It might be believed that there could be no relation between ear surgery and spontaneous aneurysmal rupture, and only one other case of spontaneous aneurysmal rupture after ear surgery under general anesthesia has been previously reported in Korea. However, recently, the authors encountered a case of delayed spontaneous aneurysmal rupture 3 weeks after surgery. No problem was experienced during the operation, and it is suspected that an unidentified pre-existing aneurysm was responsible for the intracerebral hemorrhage. PMID:24653877

  7. Tapia's Syndrome after Corrective Jaw Surgery under General Anesthesia: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Izadi, Farzad; Ahmadi, Aslan; Daneshvar, Ali; Safdarian, Mahdi

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Tapia’s syndrome is a rare complication of recurrent laryngeal and hypoglossal nerve paralysis due to anesthetic airway mismanagement or malpositioning of the patient’s head during surgery. Case Report: Here we present a case of Tapia's syndrome in a 22-year-old male after corrective jaw surgery under general anesthesia, with a long period of recovery, related to airway management procedures and/or overstretching of the neck during positioning for surgery. Conclusion: Although it is a rare condition, every surgeon should be aware of Tapia’s syndrome in order to consider the correct positioning of the head and endotracheal tube during surgery and avoid this complication. PMID:28393059

  8. Low dose lignocaine + butorphanol vs. low dose bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia in day care urological surgeries: a prospective randomized control trial.

    PubMed

    Khant, Shahil Rameshbhai; Chaudhari, Rajeev; Kore, Rishikesh Arun; Bhagwat, Shirish; Jakhalekar, Ranjan Purushottam

    2017-06-01

    A local anaesthetic with fast onset, short and reliable duration of anaesthesia may be preferable for day care urological surgeries. Low dose lignocaine is believed to act faster and to have a shorter duration of action than low dose bupivacaine. Use of lignocaine for spinal anesthesia is discouraged now a days because of rare reports of transient neurological symptoms. The purpose of this study was to compare effectiveness and safety of low dose of lignocaine + butorphanol against low dose of bupivacaine for day care urological surgeries. A prospective randomized control trial was conducted between December 2012 to November 2015. After taking ethical committe approval and patient consent, total 990 patients were randomized in two groups. Group A received 0.5 mL of 5% lignocaine (25 mg) + 0.3 mL butorphanol (0.3 mg) and group B received 1 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine (5 mg) for spinal anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia was given at the L3-L4 interspace with the patient in the sitting or lateral position. The criteria for evaluation were time till onset of sensory and motor block, duration of sensory and motor block, time till ambulation, time till fit for discharge and any complications. Both the groups were comparable in terms of age, male to female ratio, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade and duration surgery. Group A and Group B were statistically different in terms of mean time till onset of sensory block (120±22 sec and 274±36 sec), onset of motor block (228±34 sec and 372±41 sec), duration of sensory block (100±21 min and 230±28 min), duration of motor block (60±15 min and 152±23 min), time till ambulation (138±24 min and 292±48 min), time till fit for discharge (256±35 min and 428±46 min) respectively (<0.0001). Nausea, vomitings, hypotension, bradycarida and pruritis were less in group A compared to group B (<0.01). None of patient in any group had temporary or permanent neurological defecit. Spinal anaesthesia is an effective as well as a

  9. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis brain abscess mimicking meningitis after surgery for glioblastoma multiforme: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Luciani, Léa; Dubourg, Grégory; Graillon, Thomas; Honnorat, Estelle; Lepidi, Hubert; Drancourt, Michel; Seng, Piseth; Stein, Andreas

    2016-07-07

    Salmonella brain abscess associated with brain tumor is rare. Only 11 cases have been reported to date. Here we report a case of brain abscess caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis mimicking post-surgical meningitis in a patient with glioblastoma multiforme. A 60-year-old Algerian woman was admitted through an emergency department for a 4-day history of headache, nausea and vomiting, and behavioral disorders. Surgery for cerebral tumor excision was performed and histopathological analysis revealed glioblastoma multiforme. On the seventh day post-surgery, she presented a sudden neurological deterioration with a meningeal syndrome, confusion, and fever of 39.8°C. Her cerebrospinal fluid sample and blood cultures were positive for S. enterica Enteritidis. She was treated with ceftriaxone and ciprofloxacin. On the 17th day post-surgery, she presented a new neurological disorder and purulent discharge from the surgical wound. Brain computed tomography revealed a large cerebral abscess located at the operative site. Surgical drainage of the abscess was performed and microbial cultures of surgical deep samples were positive for the same S. enterica Enteritidis isolate. She recovered and was discharged 6 weeks after admission. In this case report, a brain abscess was initially diagnosed as Salmonella post-surgical meningitis before the imaging diagnosis of the brain abscess. The diagnosis of brain abscess should be considered in all cases of non-typhoidal Salmonella meningitis after surgery for brain tumor. Surgical brain abscess drainage followed by prolonged antibiotic treatment remains a major therapeutic option.

  10. Perioperative visual loss with non-ocular surgery: case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Pandey, Nidhi; Chandrakar, Ashok K; Garg, Mangi L

    2014-04-01

    Perioperative visual loss (POVL), a rare but devastating complication, has been reported after spine, cardiac, and head-neck surgeries.The various causes include ischemic optic neuropathy, central or branch retinal artery occlusion, and cortical blindness. The contributory factors described are microvascular diseases and intraoperative hemodynamic compromise. However, the exact association of these factors with post-operative blindness has not yet been confirmed. A case of POVL with caesarian section surgery is being presented. The visual loss occurred due to a combined occlusion of central retinal artery and vein.The causes, presentation, and risk factors of POVL after non-ocular surgery are being discussed.

  11. Panniculectomy Combined with Bariatric Surgery by Laparotomy: An Analysis of 325 Cases

    PubMed Central

    Colabianchi, Vincenzo; de Bernardinis, Giancarlo; Giovannini, Matteo; Langella, Marika

    2015-01-01

    Surgical treatment of obese patients is much debated in the literature because of the significant intraoperative risks related to comorbidities presented by this type of patients. Recent literature suggests that panniculectomy should follow bariatric surgery after the patient's weight loss has been stabilized. However, when performed by laparotomy, bariatric surgery can be combined with panniculectomy. This paper presents the analysis of 325 cases of patients undergoing abdominal panniculectomy combined with bariatric surgery. The study highlights the risks, complications, and benefits of the combined procedure and describes a standardized technique for excision of a large abdominal panniculus in a short operating time. PMID:26682282

  12. Transfusion-free anesthetic management for open heart surgery in a neonate -A case report-.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jung Min; Byon, Hyo-Jin; Kim, Jin-Tae; Kim, Hee-Soo; Kim, Chong Sung

    2010-12-01

    In small infants or neonates, open heart surgery without transfusion can have many risks regarding inadequate oxygen delivery and coagulopathy. However, if parents refuse blood transfusion, cardiac surgery without transfusion should be considered. We report a case of bloodless cardiac surgery in a 2.89 kg neonate with Jehovah's Witness parents. Blood conserving strategies were used. Preoperatively, erythropoietin and iron were supplemented to increase the hemoglobin level. Intraoperatively, techniques for minimizing blood loss were used, such as reducing priming volume for cardiopulmonary bypass, a blood salvage system, and modified ultrafiltration. Postoperatively, pharmacologic agents were administered and blood sampling was minimized.

  13. Effectiveness of Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery in sleep apnea treatment: Case report.

    PubMed

    Ferraz, Otávio; Guimarães, Thais M; Rossi, Rowdley R; Cunali, Paulo A; Fabbro, Cibele Dal; Chaves, Cauby M; Maluly, Milton; Bittencourt, Lia; Tufik, Sergio

    2016-01-01

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by episodes of pharyngeal collapse during sleep. Craniofacial alterations such as retrognathia are often found in OSA patients. Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgeries increase the pharyngeal space and are a treatment option for OSA. The aim of this study was to present a successful case of MMA surgery in the treatment of OSA. A patient with moderate OSA (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)=25.2) and mandibular retrognathism and Maxillomandibular asymmetry underwent MMA surgery. The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) were considerably improved after six months (IAH =6.7) and one year of treatment (IAH=0.2).

  14. An Unusual Lacerated Tracheal Tube during Le Fort Surgery: Literature Review and Case Report

    PubMed Central

    George, Preeta; Fiadjoe, John E.

    2016-01-01

    Maxillofacial surgeries can present unique anesthetic challenges due to potentially complex anatomy and the close proximity of the patient's airway to the surgical field. Damage to the tracheal tube (TT) during maxillofacial surgery may lead to significant airway compromise. We report the management of a patient with a partially severed TT during Le Fort surgery for midfacial hypoplasia and management strategies based on peer-reviewed literature. This case illustrates the clinical clues associated with a damaged TT and explores the challenges of managing this potentially catastrophic issue. PMID:27895942

  15. Gamma knife surgery-induced ependymoma after the treatment of meningioma - a case report.

    PubMed

    Wang, Ke; Pan, Li; Che, Xiaoming; Lou, Meiqing

    2012-01-01

    Gamma knife surgery is widely used for a number of neurological disorders. However, little is known about its long-term complications such as carcinogenic risks. Here, we present a case of a radiosurgery-induced ependymoma by gamma knife surgery for the treatment of a spinal meningioma in a 7-year-old patient. In light of reviewing the previous reports, we advocate high caution in making young patients receive this treatment.

  16. Severe cellulitis and abdominal wall emphysema following laparoscopic colonic surgery: A case report.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Ryo; Kameyama, Hitoshi; Chida, Tadasu; Kanda, Tatsuo; Kano, Yosuke; Ichikawa, Hiroshi; Hanyu, Takaaki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Kosugi, Shin-Ichi; Wakai, Toshifumi

    2015-05-01

    Abdominal wall emphysema is a common complication of laparoscopic surgery. This condition is usually harmless; however, if an infection occurs, it can develop into a serious condition such as necrotizing fasciitis. We report a case of a 51-year-old woman suffering from severe cellulitis that spread from an area of abdominal wall emphysema after laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer. Recognizing this complication, early diagnosis, and prompt treatment are cornerstones for successful management of this potentially fatal disease.

  17. Extensive cytoreductive surgery in a Jehovah's Witness patient. A case report.

    PubMed

    Vallicelli, Carlo; Catena, Fausto; Ghermandi, Claudio; Amaduzzi, Annalisa; Coccolini, Federico; Cipolat, Luciano; Martignani, Matteo; Lazzareschi, Daniel; Cucchi, Michele; Schiavina, Riccardo; Di Pinna, Antonio

    2015-03-13

    Jehovah's Witnesses are a well-known patient demographic in medicine because of their religious-based refusal of blood transfusion. This case report outlines the treatment of a Jehovah's Witness patient in need of an extensive cytoreductive surgery due to a peritoneal carcinomatosis of ovarian origin. The surgeons carried out all the recommended surgical and anaesthetic measures concluding that extensive cytoreductive surgery on a Jehovah's Witness is possible and that a complete cytoreduction can be safely performed.

  18. Detection of carcinoembryonic antigen messenger RNA-expressing cells in peripheral blood 7 days after curative surgery is a novel prognostic factor in colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Sadahiro, Sotaro; Suzuki, Toshiyuki; Maeda, Yuji; Yurimoto, Satoshi; Yasuda, Seiei; Makuuchi, Hiroyasu; Kamijo, Akemi; Murayama, Chieko

    2007-03-01

    The significance of detection of circulating cancer cells in blood during surgery in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) remains controversial. Experimental study revealed that the cancer cells injected from the vein disappeared completely until 7 days. The aim of this study was to clarify that the detection of circulating cancer cells in blood taken later than 7 days after curative surgery may be a prognostic factor. Two hundred consecutive patients with CRC who underwent potentially curative surgery were the subjects. Peripheral blood was collected between 7 and 10 days after resection. Cancer cells were detected using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction targeting carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) messenger RNA (mRNA). The median follow-up period was 52 months (range: 34-69 months). The overall positive incidence of CEA mRNA was 22%. Detection of CEA mRNA was not significantly related to conventional clinicopathological findings. Recurrence has been confirmed in 55 patients (28%). The recurrence rate was significantly higher in patients with rectal cancer, deep penetration, lymph node metastasis, preoperative chemoradiotherapy and positive CEA mRNA. The CEA mRNA positive patients showed significantly poorer disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than the negative patients (DFS, P = 0.007; OS, P = 0.04). Multivariate analysis revealed that the positive expression of CEA mRNA (P < 0.01) as well as the tumor location and TNM stage classification was identified as the significant risk factors for recurrence. Detection of CEA mRNA expressing cells in peripheral blood 7 days after curative surgery is a novel independent factor predicting recurrence in patients with CRC.

  19. Length of stay, wait time to surgery and 30-day mortality for patients with hip fractures after the opening of a dedicated orthopedic weekend trauma room

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, Michel; Hopman, Wilma; Yach, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    Background In September 2011, Kingston General Hospital (KGH) opened a dedicated orthopedic weekend trauma room. Previously, 1 weekend operating room (OR) was used by all surgical services. We assessed the impact this dedicated weekend trauma room had on hospital length of stay (LOS), time to surgery and 30-day mortality for patients with hip fractures. Methods Patients admitted between Oct. 1, 2009, and Sept. 30, 2012, were identified through our trauma registry, representing the 2 years before and 1 year after the opening of the orthopedic weekend trauma room. We documented type of fracture, mode of fixation, age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, time to OR, LOS, discharge disposition and 30-day mortality. We excluded patients with multiple fractures, open fractures and those requiring trauma team activation. Results Our study included 609 patients (405 pre- and 204 post–trauma room opening). Mean LOS decreased from 11.6 to 9.4 days (p = 0.005) and there was a decreasing trend in mean time to OR from 31.5 to 28.5 hours (p = 0.16). There was no difference in 30-day mortality (p = 0.24). The LOS decreased by an average of 2 days following opening of the weekend trauma room (p = 0.031) and by an average of 2.2 additional days if the patient was admitted on the weekend versus during the week (p = 0.024). Conclusion The weekend trauma OR at KGH significantly decreased the LOS and appears to have decreased wait times to surgery. Further analysis is needed to assess the cost-effectiveness of the current strategy, the long-term outcome of this patient population and the impact the additional orthopedic weekend trauma room has had on other surgical services (i.e., general surgery) and their patients. PMID:27668332

  20. Outcome and prognostic factors following curative-intent surgery for oral tumours in dogs: 234 cases (2004 to 2014).

    PubMed

    Sarowitz, B N; Davis, G J; Kim, S

    2017-03-01

    To describe the long-term outcomes and prognostic factors associated with curative-intent surgery for oral tumours in a large series of dogs. Retrospective review of records for dogs with oral tumours treated with curative-intent surgery. Data collected included signalment, weight, surgical procedure, lymph node staging results, computed tomography results, tumour size, histopathology results including margin evaluation, complications, adjunctive therapies, local recurrence or metastasis, date and cause of death and owner satisfaction. Median cause-specific survival was shortest for malignant melanoma (206 days) and osteosarcoma (209 days). Local recurrence rate was highest for fibrosarcoma (54·2%) and distant metastatic rate was highest for malignant melanoma (30%). Curative-intent surgery resulted in complete surgical margins in 85·2% of cases. Results suggest tumour type, completeness of excision, tumour size, and age may affect disease-free interval and cause-specific survival. Fibrosarcoma had a higher risk of recurrence compared to other tumour types. © 2017 British Small Animal Veterinary Association.

  1. Unusual clinical case: extraluminal manifestation of a tapeworm from the eviscerated midline incision in a post-surgery patient.

    PubMed

    Dural, Ahmet Cem; Celik, Muhammet Ferhat; Temizgonul, Baha; Unsal, Mustafa Gokhan; Akarsu, Cevher; Gonenc, Murat; Kalayci, Mustafa Uygar; Alis, Halil

    2015-04-15

    Taenia saginata infestation is one of the most common cestode infestations in humans, that may cause gastrointestinal tract related complications as a result of obstruction, perforation or anastomotic leakage. A 55-year-old male patient who was receiving palliative chemotherapy for stage IV gastric cancer was admitted to the emergency department for abdominal pain. A hollow viscus organ perforation was diagnosed and an emergency surgery was performed. On postoperative day 5, the patient's midline incision eviscerated and a moving taenia emerged, with abundant particulated fluid from the incision line. The patient was admitted for abdominal surgery due to suspected bowel perforation. During the abdominal exploration, a relaxed purse stitch of the feeding tube was observed and no other bowel perforations were seen. The patient underwent two planned surgery for abdominal cavity lavage after the removal of cestode. Unfortunately, the patient died sixteen days after his admission to the intensive care unit. This is the first case describing an extraluminal manifestation of a tapeworm in a midline incision from evisceration without intestinal perforation.

  2. Enterocutaneous fistula as a complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with previous bariatric surgery: case report and bibliographic review.

    PubMed

    Marquesine Paul, Gustavo; Slongo, Luiz Edison; Rocha, Luiz Carlos de Almeida

    2010-01-01

    Enterocutaneous fistula is a rare complication after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Some situations are risk factors for it to occur, such as horseshoe kidney, retrorenal colon and chronic colonic dilation by several factors, among them late postoperative time after yeyunoileal bypass in morbid obesity treatment. 35-year-old female patient with a 2.5 cm calculus in the right renal pelvis. Late postoperative time after bariatric surgery using duodenal switch technique, and 55 kg lost till present. She undergone percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with two punctures, one in the lower calyx, lost during dilation, and other in the upper calyx through which surgery was successfully carried out. During immediate postoperative time it enteric secretions were observed through the lower chalice puncture. Once the intraperitoneal lesion was removed, decision for conservative treatment was taken with fistula drainage, broadspectrum antibiotic therapy, fasting and total parenteral nutrition. The fistula debt ceased in the 8th postoperative (PO) day, when drain and nephrostomy tube were withdrawn and patient was discharged from the hospital on 10th PO day. On ambulatory follow up the patient is in good conditions. One case of enterocutaneous fistula after PNL presented in a patient in late postoperative time after yeyunoileal bypass. She was successfully treated by conservative therapy. Several authors point to chronic colonic distention and to great loss of retroperitoneal fat as causes for the increase of inadvertent colonic punctures in percutaneous renal access. The risk of complications with enterocutaneous fistula is significantly higher during the postoperatory in patients of bariatric surgery than in others.

  3. [Mortality and morbidity in HIV-infected patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: a case control study].

    PubMed

    Jiménez-Expósito, María J; Mestres, Carlos A; Claramonte, Xavier; Cartañá, Ramón; Josa, Miquel; Pomar, José L; Mulet, Jaume; Miró, José M

    2006-03-01

    The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in patients with HIV infection has improved survival. This improvement combined with the metabolic effects of treatment has increased cardiovascular risk and the need for cardiac surgery in these patients. We compared morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients (cases, n=7) and non-HIV-infected patients (controls, n=21) who underwent isolated coronary artery surgery between 1997 and 2004. The durations of extracorporeal circulation and aortic cross-clamping were shorter in HIV-infected patients (P=.002 and P=.014, respectively). The percentage of patients who experienced complications was similar, at 57.1% in both groups, but there was a slightly higher number of complications per patient in non-HIV-infected individuals. The mean length of total hospitalization was greater in HIV-infected patients (27.1 [13.3] versus 8.8 [5.3] days; P=.003), as was that of postoperative hospitalization (18.2 [15.4] vs 7.9 [4.2] days; P=.08). No HIV-infected patient died or needed a repeat cardiac operation. No progression of the HIV infection was observed. Isolated coronary artery surgery in HIV-infected patients produces good results, and there is no increase in morbidity or mortality. Extracorporeal circulation did not influence disease progression.

  4. Postoperative High-Sensitivity Troponin and Its Association With 30-Day and 12-Month, All-Cause Mortality in Patients Undergoing On-Pump Cardiac Surgery.

    PubMed

    Mauermann, Eckhard; Bolliger, Daniel; Fassl, Jens; Grapow, Martin; Seeberger, Esther E; Seeberger, Manfred D; Filipovic, Miodrag; Lurati Buse, Giovanna A L

    2017-10-01

    Troponin T is a predictor of cardiac morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery with most data examining fourth generational troponin T assays. We hypothesize that postoperative high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) measured in increments of the upper limit of the norm independently predicts 30-day all-cause mortality. We included consecutive patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery from February 2010 to March 2012 in a prospective cohort that measured hsTnT at 0600 of the first and second postoperative day. Our primary end point was 30-day, all-cause mortality. The secondary end point was 12-month, all-cause mortality in patients surviving the first 30 days. We divided hsTnT into 5 predetermined categorizes based on the upper limit of the norm (ULN). We used Cox regression to examine an association of hsTnT independent of the EuroSCORE II at both 30 days as well as at 12 months in patients surviving the first 30 days. We assessed the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve and the net reassignment improvement for examining the benefit of adding of hsTnT to the EuroSCORE II for prognostication and restratification of 30-day, all-cause mortality. We included 1122 of 1155 eligible patients (75% male; mean age 66 ± 11 years). We observed 58 (5.2%) deaths at 30 days and another 35 (3.4%) deaths at 12 months in patients surviving 30 days. HsTnT categorized by ULN exhibited a graded response for the mortality. Furthermore, hsTnT remained an independent predictor of all-cause mortality at 30 days (adjusted hazard ratio 1.019 [1.014-1.024] per 10-fold increase in ULN) as well as at 12 months (adjusted hazard ratio 1.019 [1.007-1.032]) in patients surviving the first 30 days. The addition of hsTnT to the EuroSCORE II significantly increased the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (area under curve: 0.816 [95% confidence interval, 0.754-0.878] versus area under curve: 0.870 [95% confidence interval, 0.822-0.917], respectively; P

  5. The business case for bariatric surgery revisited: a non-randomized case-control study.

    PubMed

    Finkelstein, Eric A; Allaire, Benjamin T; Globe, Denise; Dixon, John B

    2013-01-01

    Prior studies reporting that bariatric surgery (including laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) and [laparoscopic Roux-en-Y] Gastric Bypass (LRYGB)) is cost-saving relied on a comparison sample of those with a morbid obesity (MO) diagnosis code, a high cost group who may not be reflective of those who opt for the procedures. We re-estimate net costs and time to breakeven using an alternative sample that does not rely on this code. Non-randomized case-control study using medical claims data from a commercial database in the USA. LAGB and LRYGB claimants were propensity score matched to two control samples: one restricted to those with a MO diagnosis code and one without this restriction. When using the MO sample, costs for LAGB and LRYGB are recovered in 1.5 (Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.45 to 1.55) and 2.25 years (CI: 2.07 to 2.43), and 5 year savings are $78,980 (CI: 62,320 to 100,550) for LAGB and $61,420 (CI: 44,710 to 82,870) for LRYGB. Without the MO requirement, time to breakeven for LAGB increases to 5.25 (CI: 4.25 to 10+) years with a 5 year net cost of $690 (CI: 6,800 to 8.400). For LRYGB, time to breakeven exceeds 10 years and 5 year net costs are $18,940 (CI: 10,390 to 26,740). The net costs and time to breakeven resulting from bariatric surgery are likely less favorable than has been reported in prior studies, and especially for LRYGB, with a time to breakeven of more than twice the 5.25 year estimate for LAGB.

  6. Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery: A case study

    PubMed Central

    Butali, Savita; Patil, Annapurna R.; Arbar, Aziz; Tonne, Veena

    2014-01-01

    A 11-year-old male child presented with the complaints of urinary incontinence, passing hard stools associated with weakness in lower limbs, deformity of feet, reduced sensation below ankle joint since he was 5 years of age as noticed by parents. The clinical features were seen as postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery and child had congenital talipus equinovarus. For this, he was administered anulomana, sarvāṅga abhyaṅga (oleation / massage), saṅgraha cikitsā, avagāha sveda (sudation) and matrā basti (type of oleaginous enema). After the treatment, child was able to get control over his bladder, he started feeling sense the fullness of the bladder, there was a desire to void urine and a reduction in a number of voids in daytime and a reduced degree of wetness PMID:25737612

  7. Association of holidays, full moon, Friday the 13th, day of week, time of day, day of week, and time of year on case distribution in an urban referral small animal emergency clinic.

    PubMed

    Drobatz, Kenneth J; Syring, Rebecca; Reineke, Erica; Meadows, Cheyney

    2009-10-01

    To interrogate the association of variables: day of week, time of day, day of the year (major holidays, Friday the 13th, and the full moon), and month of year with the caseload of an urban academic emergency service. Retrospective study. Urban small animal teaching hospital emergency clinic. Cats and dogs that were presented to the emergency clinic. None. The hospital computer database was searched for all visits to the Emergency Service of the Mathew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania from January 1, 1987 through December 31, 2002. Variables included in the electronic data were date of admission, time of day of admission, species (dog or cat), hospital service the case was transferred to for ongoing care and whether the case was discharged directly from the emergency service. The association of caseload with day of week, time of day, day of the year (major holidays, Friday the 13th, and the full moon), and month of year was described and statistically evaluated. Saturdays and Sundays were the busiest days of the week and significantly increased caseload was noted for the majority of holidays (except Easter Day and Thanksgiving Day) with Memorial Day being the busiest. Midweek evenings as well as Saturday and Sunday afternoons were the busiest periods of the day. There was no association with caseload and Halloween, the full moon, or Friday the 13th. The busiest times were midweek evenings, Saturday and Sunday afternoons, and most major holidays.

  8. [Anesthesia in the pleuropulmonary complications surgery of tuberculosis: a 79 cases study].

    PubMed

    Kane, O; Diouf, E; Beye, M D; Diarra, O; Ndoye Diop, M; Diouf, M; Ndiaye, M; Ka Sall, B

    2003-01-01

    Reported is a retrospective study carried out from Aristide Le Dantec Hospital in patients who underwent pleuropulmonary surgery after tuberculosis complication, from June 1995 to June 1999. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anaesthesiology procedures and outcomes of tuberculosis pleuropulmonary complications surgery. Seventy nine patients were studied. Their mean age was 34.63 years, and the sex ratio was 3.14. They all underwent general anaesthesia procedures with barbituric, morphinics et myorelaxants drugs. The peroperative complications noted were distributed as follow: 50 cases of haemorrhage needing transfusion, 18 cases of hypotension associated to the anaesthesia. In the intensive care period, we have noticed 30 atelectasia cases associated to a spastic bronchopathy, 3 cases of pulmonary oedema and 1 case of pulmonary infarctus. In the postoperative period, 8 cases of hemodynamic instability occurred, including 5 cases of cardiovascular collapsus treated by filling, and 2 septic shocks cases. An infectious bronchopneumopathy was noticed on 11 patients with two cases of septicaemia. The mortality rate was 6.3% (5 cases of death). The pleuropulmonary surgery in tuberculosis complication is very haemorrhagic, and therefore require an adequate preoperative preparation.

  9. Medical and logistical challenges of trauma care in a 12-day cave rescue: A case report.

    PubMed

    Schneider, Thomas-Michael; Bregani, Rino; Stopar, Rok; Krammer, Jacob; Göksu, Martin; Müller, Natalie; Petermeyer, Michael; Schiffer, Johannes; Strapazzon, Giacomo

    2016-01-01

    To describe the case of a patient with a severe head injury at a depth of about 1000 m from the cave entrance in Bavaria, Germany, who received pre-hospital trauma care for 12 days until evacuation. Search and rescue (SAR) operation involved 728 rescuers, 202 working directly in the cave (for a total of 9239 h) and 7 physicians from five countries. At 6-month follow-up, the patient had recovered completely and resumed his job. This case highlights several pitfalls of trauma care in complex SAR operations, which often rely on expert knowledge and are not yet evidence-based practice. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Traumatic arteriovenous fistula as consequence of TMJ arthroscopic surgery. A case report

    PubMed Central

    Marin-Fernandez, Ana-Belen; Monsalve-Iglesias, Fernando; Roman-Ramos, Maria; Garcia-Medina, Blas

    2016-01-01

    The ocurrence of a traumatic arteriovenous fistula after arthroscopic surgery of TMJ represents an extremely rare event. Specifically, this uncommon complication has been described only in a few case reports. In this light, the most frequent symptoms showed by this disease are thrills, bruits, pulsatile tinnitus, and an expansible vascular mass. Importantly, the severity of these symptoms is also dependent on the vessels involved. With regard to the management, is important to note that the vessel ligation with surgery as well as vessel emolization with endovascular procedures have been shown to be effective in the treatment of these cases. In view of that, the present study describes a case of superficial temporal arteriovenous fistula that arose as a postoperative complication of a bilateral arthroscopic eminoplasty of TMJ. The aim of the present report is to characterize this rare syndrome with the goal of proposing suitable treatments. Key words:Arteriovenous fistula, arthroscopic surgery, eminoplasty of TMJ, temporal vessels. PMID:27398189

  11. Review of 500 single incision laparoscopic colorectal surgery cases - Lessons learned

    PubMed Central

    Keller, Deborah S; Flores-Gonzalez, Juan R; Ibarra, Sergio; Haas, Eric M

    2016-01-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a minimally invasive platform with specific benefits over traditional multiport laparoscopic surgery. The safety and feasibility of SILS has been proven, and the applications continue to grow with experience. After 500 cases at a high-volume, single-institution, we were able to standardize instrumentation and operative steps, as well as develop adaptations in technique to help overcome technical and ergonomic challenges. These technical adaptations have allowed the successful application of SILS to technically difficult patient populations, such as pelvic cases, inflammatory bowel disease cases, and high body mass index patients. This review is a frame of reference for the application and wider integration of the single incision laparoscopic platform in colorectal surgery. PMID:26811615

  12. Optic Nerve Injury Secondary to Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: an Analysis of Three Cases

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jin Young; Kim, Hyun Jun; Kim, Chang-Hoon; Lee, Jeung-Gweon

    2005-01-01

    Major orbital complications after the endoscopic sinus surgeries are rare and of these, optic nerve injury is one of the most serious. This study was to undertaken to analyze 3 cases of optic nerve injury after endoscopic sinus surgery. The three cases included one patient with a loss of visual acuity and visual field defect, and two patients with total blindness. In all cases, no improvement of visual acuity was observed despite treatment. It is important to frequently check the location and direction of the endoscope during surgery to avoid optic nerve injury. In addition, surgeons must have a precise knowledge of the detailed anatomy through cadaver dissections, an ability to interpret the PNS CT scan and experienced procedural surgical skills. PMID:15861507

  13. A Revision Surgery for Cochlear Implantation in a Case of Incomplete Partition Type I.

    PubMed

    Rizk, Habib G; Hagood, Francesca; Holcomb, Meredith A; Meyer, Ted A

    Patients with cochlear malformations were long considered poor candidates for cochlear implantation (CI), and surgical approaches different than the standard facial recess approach were used to access the inner ear. There is no previous long-term follow-up of a patient with significantly malformed inner ear operated through an untraditional route and requiring a revision surgery. This case provides a long-term follow-up from the initial surgery, a short-term follow-up from the revision surgery, and it illustrates the evolving classification of inner ear malformations as well as the potential problems associated with nonstandard approaches to the cochlea. A case report. Herein, we report a case of revision CI in a patient with incomplete partition type I, through the round window via a facial recess approach, 18 yr after an initial implantation via a transmastoid labyrinthotomy approach. The patient had an uncomplicated surgery, and after activation, she noted auditory perception on all electrodes without facial stimulation. A sound field sound awareness threshold was obtained at 15 dB HL. As the prior generation of cochlear implant recipients ages, the probability of a revision surgery for various causes increases. Cochlear implant surgeons should be aware of the potential pitfalls associated in these often challenging cases.

  14. Esophageal Perforation Following Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Hershman, Stuart H; Kunkle, William A; Kelly, Michael P; Buchowski, Jacob M; Ray, Wilson Z; Bumpass, David B; Gum, Jeffrey L; Peters, Colleen M; Singhatanadgige, Weerasak; Kim, Jin Young; Smith, Zachary A; Hsu, Wellington K; Nassr, Ahmad; Currier, Bradford L; Rahman, Ra'Kerry K; Isaacs, Robert E; Smith, Justin S; Shaffrey, Christopher; Thompson, Sara E; Wang, Jeffrey C; Lord, Elizabeth L; Buser, Zorica; Arnold, Paul M; Fehlings, Michael G; Mroz, Thomas E; Riew, K Daniel

    2017-04-01

    Multicenter retrospective case series and review of the literature. To determine the rate of esophageal perforations following anterior cervical spine surgery. As part of an AOSpine series on rare complications, a retrospective cohort study was conducted among 21 high-volume surgical centers to identify esophageal perforations following anterior cervical spine surgery. Staff at each center abstracted data from patients' charts and created case report forms for each event identified. Case report forms were then sent to the AOSpine North America Clinical Research Network Methodological Core for data processing and analysis. The records of 9591 patients who underwent anterior cervical spine surgery were reviewed. Two (0.02%) were found to have esophageal perforations following anterior cervical spine surgery. Both cases were detected and treated in the acute postoperative period. One patient was successfully treated with primary repair and debridement. One patient underwent multiple debridement attempts and expired. Esophageal perforation following anterior cervical spine surgery is a relatively rare occurrence. Prompt recognition and treatment of these injuries is critical to minimizing morbidity and mortality.

  15. Cerebellar hemorrhage after spinal surgery: report of two cases and literature review.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Jonathan A; Ecker, Robert D; Piepgras, David G; Duke, Derek A

    2002-06-01

    Cerebellar hemorrhage remote from the site of surgery may complicate neurosurgical procedures. We describe our experience with two cases of cerebellar hemorrhage after spinal surgery and review the three cases previously reported in the literature to determine whether these cases provide insight regarding the pathogenesis of remote cerebellar hemorrhage. One of our patients developed cerebellar hemorrhage in the vermis and right hemisphere after transpedicular removal of a partially intradural T9-T10 herniated disc with the patient in the prone position. The other patient developed cerebellar hemorrhage in the vermis and bilateral hemispheres after L3-S1 decompression and instrumentation with the patient in the prone position, during which the dura was inadvertently opened. The first patient was treated conservatively and had mild residual dysarthria and gait ataxia 2 months after surgery. The second patient underwent exploration and revision of the lumbar wound with primary dural repair. The cerebellar hemorrhage was treated conservatively, and the patient had mild dysarthria and ataxia 1 month after surgery. Cerebellar hemorrhage must be considered in patients with unexplained neurological deterioration after spinal surgery. Dural opening with loss of cerebrospinal fluid has occurred in every reported case of cerebellar hemorrhage complicating a spinal procedure, supporting the hypothesis that loss of cerebrospinal fluid is central to the pathogenesis of this condition. Because remote cerebellar hemorrhage can occur after procedures with the patient in the supine, sitting, and prone positions, patient positioning seems unlikely to play a causative role in its occurrence.

  16. Esophageal Perforation Following Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Hershman, Stuart H.; Kunkle, William A.; Kelly, Michael P.; Buchowski, Jacob M.; Ray, Wilson Z.; Bumpass, David B.; Gum, Jeffrey L.; Peters, Colleen M.; Singhatanadgige, Weerasak; Kim, Jin Young; Smith, Zachary A.; Hsu, Wellington K.; Nassr, Ahmad; Currier, Bradford L.; Rahman, Ra’Kerry K.; Isaacs, Robert E.; Smith, Justin S.; Shaffrey, Christopher; Thompson, Sara E.; Wang, Jeffrey C.; Lord, Elizabeth L.; Buser, Zorica; Arnold, Paul M.; Fehlings, Michael G.; Mroz, Thomas E.

    2017-01-01

    Study Design: Multicenter retrospective case series and review of the literature. Objective: To determine the rate of esophageal perforations following anterior cervical spine surgery. Methods: As part of an AOSpine series on rare complications, a retrospective cohort study was conducted among 21 high-volume surgical centers to identify esophageal perforations following anterior cervical spine surgery. Staff at each center abstracted data from patients’ charts and created case report forms for each event identified. Case report forms were then sent to the AOSpine North America Clinical Research Network Methodological Core for data processing and analysis. Results: The records of 9591 patients who underwent anterior cervical spine surgery were reviewed. Two (0.02%) were found to have esophageal perforations following anterior cervical spine surgery. Both cases were detected and treated in the acute postoperative period. One patient was successfully treated with primary repair and debridement. One patient underwent multiple debridement attempts and expired. Conclusions: Esophageal perforation following anterior cervical spine surgery is a relatively rare occurrence. Prompt recognition and treatment of these injuries is critical to minimizing morbidity and mortality. PMID:28451488

  17. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery adrenalectomy – own experience and matched case-control study with standard laparoscopic adrenalectomy

    PubMed Central

    Ürge, Tomáš; Stránský, Petr; Trávníček, Ivan; Pitra, Tomáš; Kalusová, Kristýna; Dolejšová, Olga; Petersson, Fredrik; Krčma, Michal; Chlosta, Piotr

    2014-01-01

    Introduction At our institution, laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) has been established as a technique for laparoscopic nephrectomy since 2011, and since 2012 in selected cases for adrenalectomy (AE) as well. Aim To compare LESS AE with standard laparoscopic AE (SLAE). Material and methods Between 3/2012 and 7/2014, 35 adrenalectomies were performed. In 18 (51.4%), a LESS approach was chosen. Indications were strictly non-complicated cases (body mass index (BMI) < 34 kg/m2, tumour ≤ 7 cm, non-malignant aetiology, no previous surgery). All LESS procedures were done by one surgeon. Standard equipment was a 10 mm rigid 0° camera, Triport+, one pre-bent grasper, and a sealing instrument. The approach was pararectal in all cases except one (transumbilical in a slim man). Three patients with LESS were excluded (2 partial AEs only, one adrenal cancer converted to SLAE and then to open surgery). These 15 LESS AE procedures were compared to 15 SLAEs with similar characteristics chosen among 54 SLAEs performed in the period 1/2008–2/2012. Results In 8 cases (53.3%) of LESS AE, a 3 mm port was added to elevate the liver/spleen. Mean parameters of LESS AE vs. SLAE (Wilcoxon test): maximal tumour diameter 43.7 mm vs. 36.1 mm (p = 0.28), time of surgery 63.3 min vs. 55.3 min (p = 0.22), blood loss 38.0 ml vs. 38.0 ml (p = 0.38), BMI 26.9 kg/m2 vs. 28.5 kg/m2 (p = 0.13), discharge from hospital 5.4 days vs. 3.9 days (p = 0.038). There were no complications in either group. Conclusions The LESS AE is feasible in selected cases, especially small left-sided tumours in thin patients with no history of previous abdominal operations, but requires an additional port in half of the cases. PMID:25561998

  18. Assessing the utility of a clinical prediction score regarding 30-day morbidity and mortality following metastatic spinal surgery: the New England Spinal Metastasis Score (NESMS).

    PubMed

    Schoenfeld, Andrew J; Le, Hai V; Marjoua, Youssra; Leonard, Dana A; Belmont, Philip J; Bono, Christopher M; Harris, Mitchel B

    2016-04-01

    The New England Spinal Metastasis Score (NESMS) was recently proposed to help predict 1-year survival following surgery for spinal metastases. Its ability to predict short-term outcomes, including 30-day morbidity, mortality, and hospital length of stay, has not been evaluated. Assess the capacity of NESMS to predict 30-day morbidity and mortality, as well as hospital length of stay, following surgery for spinal metastases. Validation study. All patients who had undergone spinal surgery with a history of metastatic spinal disease within the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP; 2007-2013). Mortality, complications, failure to rescue, and length of stay. Demographic, oncologic, laboratory, and surgical data were obtained from the NSQIP. All patients were assigned an NESMS score (0-3). The effect of the NESMS score on the outcomes of interest was assessed using multivariable logistic regression and negative binomial regression that controlled for confounders. Final model discrimination and calibration were assessed using the c-statistic and Hosmer-Lemeshow test, respectively. Internal validation was performed using a bootstrapping procedure. NSQIP data on 776 patients were included in this analysis. The 30-day mortality rate was 11% (N=87), and 51% of patients (N=395) sustained one or more complications. The final adjusted model demonstrated that the NESMS was a statistically significant predictor of 30-day mortality (p<.001), major systemic complications (p<.001), and failure to rescue (p=.03) following metastatic spinal surgery. Patients with an NESMS score of 3 had an 89% reduction in mortality (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.04, 0.31), a 74% reduction in major systemic complications (95% CI: 0.11, 0.62), and an 88% reduction in failure to rescue (95% CI: 0.03, 0.47) as compared with those with a score of 0. The final model explained 71% of the variation in 30-day mortality. Findings were unchanged in the bootstrap analysis performed among 77

  19. Rare and massive odontogenic parakeratotic cyst treated by endoscopic sinus surgery: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Keratocystic odontogenic tumors are benign neoplasms of odontogenic origin with a potential for aggressive and infiltrative behavior. Many different treatments for this type of lesion have been reported. However, no common consensus has emerged to date regarding the most effective therapeutic approach. Cases of maxillary sinus giant keratocystic odontogenic tumors completely excised by enucleation or marsupialization via endoscopic sinus surgery are extremely rare, and, to the best of our knowledge, only one case has been described in the literature since 2005. Case presentation We report a case of a 24-year-old Italian man who came to our department with maxillary sinus region swelling, pain and left nasal obstruction. A massive keratocystic odontogenic tumor involving the right maxillary sinus and causing focal erosions of the bony walls was diagnosed. The keratocystic odontogenic tumor was removed as much as possible by a transnasal approach using endoscopic sinus surgery, which produced optimal surgical and prognostic outcomes. Follow-up is reported for an 8-year period. Conclusion Conservative management in this case demonstrated good therapeutic efficacy with a low risk of recurrence. For injuries involving the maxillary sinus, the possibility of decompression or marsupialization by endoscopic sinus surgery should always be considered because it demonstrated the potential to lead to excellent results even after 8 years of follow-up in our patient. To our knowledge, no case report has described follow-up longer than 8 years for a maxillary sinus keratocystic odontogenic tumor treated with endoscopic sinus surgery. PMID:25193270

  20. A single-institution experience: the integrated vascular surgery residency's effect on fellowship and general surgery resident case volume and diversity.

    PubMed

    Carroll, Megan I; Downes, Kathryne; Miladinovic, Branko; Illig, Karl A; Armstrong, Paul A; Back, Martin R; Johnson, Brad L; Shames, Murray L

    2014-01-01

    To determine whether the formation of an integrated vascular surgery residency (0 + 5) has negatively impacted the case volume and diversity of the vascular surgery fellows (5 + 2) and chief general surgeons at the same institution. Operative data from the vascular integrated (0 + 5), independent (5 + 2), and general surgery residencies at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed to determine vascular surgery case volumes from 2006-2012. National operative data (Residency Review Committee) were used for comparison of diversity and volume. Standard statistical methods were applied. During this period, the 5 + 2 fellows at our institution performed on average 741 (range, 554-1002) primary cases and 1091 (range, 844-1479) combined primary and secondary cases for the 2-year fellowship. Our integrated residency began in July 2007. Our fellows' primary case volumes remained relatively stable between 2006 and 2011, with a 4% increase in the number of cases, although their total (primary and secondary) case volumes fell 15%; by comparison, the equivalent national 50th percentile rates rose 16% during this time frame. Our institution's general surgery residents performed an average of 116 (range, 56-221) vascular cases individually during their 5-year residency from 2005-2011. From 2006-2011, the total case volume fell only 5%, while the national 50th percentile rate fell 24%. Across all years, however, resident and fellow volumes both continue to be above Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education minimum requirements, and the major vascular case volume at our institution in all groups studied remained statistically greater than or equal to the national 50th percentile of cases. Our first integrated resident to graduate finished in June 2012 with 931 total vascular cases and 249 general surgery cases for a total operative experience of 1180 cases during the 5-year residency. Finally, after an 8-year period (2003-2010) in which none of

  1. Major surgery in an osteosarcoma patient refusing blood transfusion: case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    We describe an unusual case of osteosarcoma in a Jehovah's Witness patient who underwent chemotherapy and major surgery without the need for blood transfusion. This 16-year-old girl presented with osteosarcoma of the right proximal tibia requiring proximal tibia resection, followed by endoprosthesis replacement. She was successfully treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery with the support of haematinics, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, recombinant erythropoietin and intraoperative normovolaemic haemodilution. This case illustrates the importance of maintaining effective, open communication and exploring acceptable therapeutic alternative in the management of these patients, whilst still respecting their beliefs. PMID:21059231

  2. Use of piezosurgery device in management of oral surgery complications: clincal case and clinical experience report.

    PubMed

    Sammartino, G; Riccitiello, F; Trosino, O; Marenzi, G; Cioffi, A; Mortellaro, C

    2012-05-01

    The root displacement into the maxillary sinus could be a complication of oral surgery in the upper jaw. In these cases, the root removal is needed in order to avoid the occurrence of sinus pathologies. Piezosurgery techniques could assure a safer management of such complications, because of the clear surgical visibility and the selective ability of cut. The aim of this article is to present a case of oral surgery complication (root displacement in the right maxillary sinus), in which piezosurgery technique helped for a correct and safe clinical management, allowing to reduce the soft tissue damage.

  3. A Case of Proliferative Retinopathy Complicated with Tuberous Sclerosis Treated by Vitreous Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Nemoto, Emika; Morishita, Seita; Akashi, Mari; Kohmoto, Ryohsuke; Fukumoto, Masanori; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Kobayashi, Takatoshi; Kida, Teruyo; Sugasawa, Jun; Ikeda, Tsunehiko

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of proliferative retinopathy complicated with retinal hamartoma in a tuberous sclerosis patient. This study involved a 16-year-old female patient who was diagnosed as having tuberous sclerosis at birth. Ophthalmic examination revealed retinal hamartoma surrounding the optic disc in both eyes. Vitreous surgery involving a vitrectomy and resection of the proliferative membranes was performed for proliferative retinopathy in her right eye. Postoperative fundus findings showed improvement and decreased exudative changes. The proliferative and exudative changes appeared to be due to the retinal hamartoma, and vitreous surgery proved effective in this case. PMID:28101046

  4. Regenerative therapy as an adjunct to periapical surgery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Chaturvedy, Vivek; Chaturvedy, Shefali

    2012-01-01

    Large periapical defects may adversely affect the success rate of endodontic surgery. Use of regenerative therapy may enhance the prognosis of such teeth. A case of traumatized upper anterior teeth with infected radicular cyst and associated sinus tract reported to the dental hospital. A periradicular surgical procedure was performed to remove the nonhealing pathological tissue. To augment the repair a bioactive bone graft material was placed. Six months interim results showed positive outcome of application of graft. How to cite this article: Chaturvedy V, Chaturvedy S. Regenerative Therapy as an Adjunct to Periapical Surgery: A Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012;5(1):75-77.

  5. Alveolar recruitment maneuver in refractory hypoxemia and lobar atelectasis after cardiac surgery: A case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Objective This case report describes an unusual presentation of right upper lobe atelectasis associated with refractory hypoxemia to conventional alveolar recruitment maneuvers in a patient soon after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Method Case-report. Results The alveolar recruitment with PEEP = 40cmH2O improved the patient’s atelectasis and hypoxemia. Conclusion In the present report, the unusual alveolar recruitment maneuver with PEEP 40cmH2O showed to be safe and efficient to reverse refractory hypoxemia and uncommon atelectasis in a patient after cardiac surgery. PMID:22726992

  6. Alveolar recruitment maneuver in refractory hypoxemia and lobar atelectasis after cardiac surgery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Herbst-Rodrigues, Marcus Vinicius; Carvalho, Vitor Oliveira; Abrahao, Ludhmila Hajjar; Nozawa, Emilia; Feltrim, Maria Ignez Zanetti; Gomes-Galas, Filomena Regina Barbosa

    2012-06-22

    This case report describes an unusual presentation of right upper lobe atelectasis associated with refractory hypoxemia to conventional alveolar recruitment maneuvers in a patient soon after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Case-report. The alveolar recruitment with PEEP = 40 cm H2O improved the patient's atelectasis and hypoxemia. In the present report, the unusual alveolar recruitment maneuver with PEEP 40 cm H2O showed to be safe and efficient to reverse refractory hypoxemia and uncommon atelectasis in a patient after cardiac surgery.

  7. A case description of speech disturbance and treatment following corrective surgery for stress velopharyngeal incompetence.

    PubMed

    Macrae, Toby; Stierwalt, Julie A G; Behel, Kensley A

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a motor learning guided (MLG) approach to speech treatment in a unique case of speech disturbance following surgery for stress velopharyngeal incompetence (SVPI). The patient was a 20-year-old female college student. Treatment took place over 6 sessions and focused on eliciting productions through a hierarchy of clinician support, with an emphasis on self-evaluation and -correction. Acoustic measurements and ratings from the treating clinician and unfamiliar listeners revealed a speech disturbance following surgery that was corrected following speech treatment. The patient's main difficulty appeared to be in producing the vocalic/postvocalic approximant, /r/, although vowel distortions were also noted. These difficulties may be explained by the structural alteration and formation of scar tissue as a result of surgery. The results provide initial support for an MLG approach to treating an acquired speech disturbance following SVPI surgery; however, additional research is warranted.

  8. Epinephrine-induced lactic acidosis in orthognathic surgery: a report of two cases

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Submucosal infiltration and the topical application of epinephrine as a vasoconstrictor produce excellent hemostasis during surgery. The hemodynamic effects of epinephrine have been documented in numerous studies. However, its metabolic effects (especially during surgery) have been seldom recognized clinically. We report two cases of significant metabolic effects (including lactic acidosis and hyperglycemia) as well as hemodynamic effects in healthy patients undergoing orthognathic surgery with general anesthesia. Epinephrine can induce glycolysis and pyruvate generation, which result in lactic acidosis, via β2-adrenergic receptors. Therefore, careful perioperative observation for changes in plasma lactate and glucose levels along with intensive monitoring of vital signs should be carried out when epinephrine is excessively used as a vasoconstrictor during surgery. PMID:27847739

  9. A rare case of Ramsay Hunt syndrome following temporomandibular joint surgery.

    PubMed

    Lehman, H; Rushinek, H

    2015-08-01

    Surgical approaches to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have been designed specifically to minimize injury to the temporal branch of the facial nerve. In spite of this, facial nerve dysfunction occurs in 1-32% of patients undergoing TMJ surgery. Ramsay Hunt syndrome is characterized by peripheral facial paralysis that often involves other cranial nerves, mostly cranial nerve VIII. The pathology is attributed to the reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus in the geniculate ganglion. The diagnosis is based mostly on history and physical findings. Surgical procedures have been known to reactivate varicella zoster virus, but Ramsay Hunt syndrome subsequent to TMJ surgery has not been described yet. This report describes a case of Ramsay Hunt syndrome associated with TMJ surgery. Because of the relatively high incidence of facial nerve dysfunction associated with TMJ surgery, patients with varicella zoster virus reactivation may initially be misdiagnosed with iatrogenic facial palsy, or vice versa.

  10. Detection of butane gas inhalation at 16days after hypoxic encephalopathy: A case report.

    PubMed

    Sato, Takako; Nishioka, Hiroshi; Tsuboi, Kento; Katagi, Munehiro; Miki, Akihiro; Saito, Takashi; Abe, Shuntaro; Nomura, Masakatsu; Kitagawa, Misa; Tsuchihashi, Hitoshi; Suzuki, Koichi

    2017-10-03

    In Japan, there are increasing reports of death by poisoning following butane abuse. To determine the specific cause of death in such cases, it is important to confirm the presence of fuel gas components in the body, although careful analysis is required because of their volatile properties. In most reported cases, the subject died suddenly during or immediately after butane aspiration. Thus, the butane concentration in the samples from the deceased should be relatively high. Herein, we present a case of an 18-year-old man found with cardiopulmonary arrest, who then exhibited hypoxic encephalopathy for 16days in a hospital. At autopsy, we detected hypoxic encephalopathy, pneumonia, and ischemia-reperfusion injury of the myocardium, while the cause of cardiac arrest remained unclear. Toxicological analysis was then performed for fuel gas components in several specimens collected at autopsy. Results showed that n-butane and isobutane were detected in the adipose tissue at 16days after inhalation, indicating a role of butane gas inhalation as the cause of death. These data suggest that adipose tissue may be the most appropriate analysis sample to be collected at postmortem in cases where involvement of volatile and fat-soluble gas inhalation is suspected. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Giant pseudomeningocele after spinal surgery: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Srilomsak, Prepram; Okuno, Kazuma; Sakakibara, Toshihiko; Wang, Zhuo; Kasai, Yuichi

    2012-01-01

    Very few reports have described giant pseudomeningoceles ≥ 8 cm in diameter. We report this case of the biggest giant pseudomeningocele at the unusual cervicothoracic level. A 59 year old man who underwent cervicothoracic laminectomy had a giant pseudomeningocele detected and the lesion gradually grew to about 15 cm in diameter by 2 years postoperatively. Cerebrospinal fluid leak closure was performed and the postoperative course was favorable. We present this case, review the literature and discuss the size and portion, mechanism of formation, symptoms and treatments of giant pseudomeningocele. PMID:22816066

  12. [O-arm navigation in spinal surgery for complex cases].

    PubMed

    Pescador, D; Rendón, D; Blanco, J; González, R; Martín, J M; Cano-Gala, C; Pescador, D

    2016-01-01

    The intraoperative computer-assisted navigation technique has evolved and changed the way