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Sample records for dengan radiasi sinar

  1. CO2 Laser Market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simonsson, Samuel

    1989-03-01

    It gives me a great deal of pleasure to introduce our final speaker of this morning's session for two reasons: First of all, his company has been very much in the news not only in our own community but in the pages of Wall Street Journal and in the world economic press. And, secondly, we would like to welcome him to our shores. He is a temporary resident of the United States, for a few months, forsaking his home in Germany to come here and help with the start up of a new company which we believe, probably, ranks #1 as the world supplier of CO2 lasers now, through the combination of former Spectra Physics Industrial Laser Division and Rofin-Sinar GMBH. Samuel Simonsson is the Chairman of the Board of Rofin-Sinar, Inc., here in the U.S. and managing director of Rofin-Sinar GMBH. It is a pleasure to welcome him.

  2. The Arabidopsis Ethylene/Jasmonic Acid-NRT Signaling Module Coordinates Nitrate Reallocation and the Trade-Off between Growth and Environmental Adaptation[W][OPEN

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Guo-Bin; Yi, Hong-Ying

    2014-01-01

    Stresses decouple nitrate assimilation and photosynthesis through stress-initiated nitrate allocation to roots (SINAR), which is mediated by the nitrate transporters NRT1.8 and NRT1.5 and functions to promote stress tolerance. However, how SINAR communicates with the environment remains unknown. Here, we present biochemical and genetic evidence demonstrating that in Arabidopsis thaliana, ethylene (ET) and jasmonic acid (JA) affect the crosstalk between SINAR and the environment. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays showed that ethylene response factors (ERFs), including OCTADECANOID-RESPONSIVE ARABIDOPSIS AP2/ERF59, bind to the GCC boxes in the NRT1.8 promoter region, while ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3) binds to the EIN3 binding site motifs in the NRT1.5 promoter. Genetic assays showed that cadmium and sodium stresses initiated ET/JA signaling, which converged at EIN3/EIN3-Like1 (EIL1) to modulate ERF expression and hence to upregulate NRT1.8. By contrast, ET and JA signaling mediated the downregulation of NRT1.5 via EIN3/EIL1 and other, unknown component(s). SINAR enhanced stress tolerance and decreased plant growth under nonstressed conditions through the ET/JA-NRT1.5/NRT1.8 signaling module. Interestingly, when nitrate reductase was impaired, SINAR failed to affect either stress tolerance or plant growth. These data suggest that SINAR responds to environmental conditions through the ET/JA-NRT signaling module, which further modulates stress tolerance and plant growth in a nitrate reductase-dependent manner. PMID:25326291

  3. 75 FR 10761 - Certain Coated Paper from Indonesia: Preliminary Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-09

    ... identified the Asia Pulp & Paper/Sinar Mas Group (APP/SMG), through the Indonesian paper mills it operates... Paper Mills (Pindo Deli or PD), and PT. Indah Kiat Pulp & Paper, Tbk. (Indah Kiat or IK) (hereinafter... Indonesia, 74 FR 61174; and USITC Publication 4108 entitled Certain Coated Paper Suitable for...

  4. Diode laser potential in laser cleaning of stones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salimbeni, Renzo; Pini, Roberto; Siano, Salvatore; Bachmann, Friedrich G.; Meyer, Frank

    2001-10-01

    In this work we investigated for the first time the laser cleaning process of encrusted stones by employing a high power diode laser system. The test have been carried out using a Rofin-Sinar mod. DL025S emitting up to 2.5 kW CW power to clean various samples representing natural encrustation by pollution exposition and graffiti, typically encountered on historical monuments and buildings in urban environment.

  5. Assessing the reactivity of sodium alkyl-magnesiates towards quinoxaline: single electron transfer (SET) vs. nucleophilic alkylation processes.

    PubMed

    Livingstone, Zoe; Hernán-Gómez, Alberto; Baillie, Sharon E; Armstrong, David R; Carrella, Luca M; Clegg, William; Harrington, Ross W; Kennedy, Alan R; Rentschler, Eva; Hevia, Eva

    2016-04-14

    By exploring the reactivity of sodium butyl-magnesiate (1) supported by the bulky chelating silyl(bisamido) ligand {Ph2Si(NAr*)2}(2-) (Ar* = 2,6-iPr2-C6H3) towards Quinoxaline (Qx), the ability of this bimetallic system to effectively promote SET processes has been disclosed. Thus 1 executes the single-electron reduction of Qx affording complex (2) whose structure in the solid state contains two quinaxolyl radical anions Qx˙ stabilised within a dimeric magnesiate framework. Combining multinuclear NMR and EPR measurements with DFT calculations, new insights into the constitution of 2 in solution and its magnetic behaviour have been gained. Further evidence on the SET reactivity of 1 was found when it was reacted with nitroxyl radical TEMPO which furnished contacted ion pair sodium magnesiate [(Ph2Si(NAr*)2)Mg(TEMPO(-))Na(THF)3] (4) where both metals are connected by an alkoxide bridge, resulting from reduction of TEMPO. The role that the different ligands present in 1 can play in these new SET reactions has also been assessed. Using an amination approach, the Bu group in 1 can be replaced by the more basic amide TMP allowing the isolation of (3) which was characterised by multinuclear NMR and X-ray crystallography. (1)H NMR monitoring of the reaction of 3 with Qx showed its conversion to 2, leaving the hydrogen atoms of the heterocycle untouched. Contrastingly, using sodium homoalkyl magnesiate [NaMg(CH2SiMe3)3] (5) led to the chemoselective C2 alkylation of this heterocycle, suggesting that the presence of the steric stabiliser {Ph2Si(NAr*)2}(2-) on the mixed-metal reagent is required in order to facilitate the Qx reduction.

  6. CO2 laser beam propagation with ZnSe optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leong, K. H.; Liu, Yi; Holdridge, D. J.

    Beam propagation characteristics of ZnSe optics used in kiloWatt power CO2 laser aided material processing applications are determined using the Prometec Laser Beam Analyzer. The laser used was a Rofin Sinar RS6000 CO2 laser with mode aperturing. Beam power varied from 500W to 6300W and beam modes used were TEM(sub 00), TEM(sub 01), TEM(sub 10), and TEM(sub 20). Both transmissive and reflective optics were examined. The ZnSe lenses tested included meniscus, diffractive, and cylindrical lenses of 5 in. focal length and a 10 in. focal length integrating lens. Reflective optics included an integrator and a 5 in. focal length parabolic mirror for welding. Parameters obtained included beam propagation profiles, intensity profiles, depth of focus, spot size, and back focal length. A subset of the data obtained is presented here. Details of the work will appear in a full length paper.

  7. 2011 Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers: the PECASE Awards Ceremony

    SciTech Connect

    Poneman, Daniel

    2012-08-01

    The winners for 2011 of the DOE PECASE Awards were recognized in a ceremony held August 01, 2012. Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of the Office of Science introduced the main speaker, DOE Deputy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman. Leaders from across the Department and the fields of energy research and technology presented the 2011 winners. They are: Dr. Stanley Atcitty (SNL); Dr. Jeffrey W. Banks (LLNL); Dr. Amy J. Clarke (LANL); Derek R. Gaston (INL); Dr. Christopher Hirata (California Institute of Technology); Dr. Heileen Hsu-Kim (Duke University); Dr. Thomas Francisco (Jaramillo Stanford University); Dr.Pablo Jarillo-Herrero (MIT); Dr. Peter Mueller (ANL); Dr. Daniel B. Sinars (SNL); Dr. Jesse Thaler (MIT); and Dr. Heather Whitley (LLNL).

  8. [The study on spectral reflectance reconstruction based on wideband multi-spectral acquisition system].

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhen; Wan, Xiao-Xia; Huang, Xin-Guo; Liu, Qiang; Li, Chan

    2013-04-01

    The multispectral image acquisition oriented to reproduction requests that the data is device independent and scenes independent, and can realize the characterization of the original color information. Aiming at disturbance, noise error of system, and the requirement for training samples' typical representative and correlation, the authors proposed orthogonal regression spectral algorithm and training samples selection algorithm based on subspace tracking, through the mapping function between the spectral space and color space, by selecting the best samples in typical representative and correlation samples between target samples and selected samples. The modified Sinar 75H trichromatic digital camera combined with bandpass filter glasses were used for experiment, the data show that our method has higher spectral and chromaticity accuracy, the training samples selected by subspace tracking method are uniformly distributed in the sample space, and have good orthogonality. The statistics experimental results indicate that the performance of the proposed method is obviously better than that of previous method, in both color difference error and spectral reflectance error. PMID:23841432

  9. [The study on spectral reflectance reconstruction based on wideband multi-spectral acquisition system].

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhen; Wan, Xiao-Xia; Huang, Xin-Guo; Liu, Qiang; Li, Chan

    2013-04-01

    The multispectral image acquisition oriented to reproduction requests that the data is device independent and scenes independent, and can realize the characterization of the original color information. Aiming at disturbance, noise error of system, and the requirement for training samples' typical representative and correlation, the authors proposed orthogonal regression spectral algorithm and training samples selection algorithm based on subspace tracking, through the mapping function between the spectral space and color space, by selecting the best samples in typical representative and correlation samples between target samples and selected samples. The modified Sinar 75H trichromatic digital camera combined with bandpass filter glasses were used for experiment, the data show that our method has higher spectral and chromaticity accuracy, the training samples selected by subspace tracking method are uniformly distributed in the sample space, and have good orthogonality. The statistics experimental results indicate that the performance of the proposed method is obviously better than that of previous method, in both color difference error and spectral reflectance error.

  10. A short and valid measure of work-family enrichment.

    PubMed

    Kacmar, K Michele; Crawford, Wayne S; Carlson, Dawn S; Ferguson, Merideth; Whitten, Dwayne

    2014-01-01

    The stream of research concerning work-family enrichment has generated a significant body of research because it plays an important role in occupational health (Masuda, McNall, Allen, & Nicklin, 2012). work-family enrichment has been defined as "the extent to which experiences in one role improve the quality of life in the other role" (Greenhaus & Powell, 2006, p. 73). Within work-family enrichment, there are two directions: work to family and family to work. Carlson, Kacmar, Wayne, and Grzywacz (2006) developed an 18-item scale to measure this construct. Although the scale has been shown to be both reliable and valid, it also requires work-family researchers to include a proportionally large number of items to capture this construct in a study. The goal of the current study was to isolate a subset of the items in this measure that produces results similar to the full version thereby providing a more streamlined scale for researchers. Using a five-sample study that follows the scale reduction procedures offered by Stanton, Sinar, Balzer, and Smith (2002), we provide evidence that scales containing only three items for each direction of enrichment produce results equivalent to the full scale with respect to reliability and discriminant, convergent, and predictive validity. Reducing the original scale by two thirds, without losing explanatory power, allows scholars to measure enrichment in the work and family domains more efficiently, which should help minimize survey time, lower refusal rates, and generate less missing data.

  11. X-ray imaging diagnostics for axially-located experiments using the Z / ZR dynamic hohlraum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tierney, T.; Idzorek, G.; Watt, R.; Workman, J.; Kanzleiter, R.; Magelssen, G.; Peterson, D.; Peterson, R.; Tierney, H.

    2006-10-01

    Radiation transport is among a class of inertial confinement fusion problems being examined using the Z dynamic hohlraum (DH) and the future ZR DH. We describe experiments wherein a target is mounted above the DH to permit radiographic access. X-ray diodes and bolometers characterize the ˜100 kJ quasi- Planckian radiation (Trad˜ 150-220 eV) emitted on-axis from the DH. High-resolution, soft x-ray imaging of hohlraum wall ablation and motion is sometimes complemented by a blast wave (BW) calorimeter. As an example, we describe an experimental configuration fielded at Z that imaged BWs emerging from copper wall hohlraums using the 6.15 keV monochromatic imaging system [Sinars et al., 2004]. This experiment diagnosed energy loss through gaps or holes similar to diagnostic and/or laser entrance holes in hohlraums. Future experiments require higher energy backlighters (9-25 keV) to study, e.g., how high-albedo hohlraum material ablates and fills holes. We also discuss possible x-ray diagnostics for experiments that use the ZR DH as a radiation source.

  12. Capsule implosions driven by dynamic hohlraum x-rays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bailey, James

    2005-10-01

    Dynamic hohlraum experiments at the Z facility already implode capsules with up to 80 kJ absorbed x-ray energy. However, many challenging issues remain for ICF. The present experiments use diagnostic capsules to address two of these issues: symmetry measurement and control and building understanding of the capsule/hohlraum implosion system. A suite of x-ray spectrometers record time and space resolved spectra emitted by Ar tracer atoms in the implosion core, simultaneously from up to three different quasi-orthogonal directions. Comparing the results with simulation predictions provide severe tests of understanding. These data also can used to produce a tomographic reconstruction of the time resolved core temperature and density profiles. X-ray and neutron diagnostics are used to examine how the implosion conditions change as the capsule design changes. The capsule design changes include variations in CH wall thickness and diameter, Ge-doped CH shells, and SiO2 shells. In addition, a new campaign investigating Be capsule implosions is beginning. Be capsules may offer superior performance for dynamic hohlraum research and it may be possible to investigate NIF-relevant Be implosion issues such as the fill tube effects, sensitivity to columnar growth associated with sputtered Be capsule fabrication, and the effect of Cu dopants on implosion conditions. Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the U.S. Dept. of Energy under contract No. DE-AC04-94AL85000. * In collaboration with G.A. Rochau, G.A. Chandler, S.A. Slutz, P.W. Lake, G. Cooper, G.S. Dunham, R.J. Leeper, R. Lemke, T.A. Mehlhorn, T.J. Nash, D.S. Nielsen, K. Peterson, C.L. Ruiz, D.B. Sinars, J. Torres, W. Varnum, Sandia; R.C. Mancini, T.J. Buris-Mog, UNR; I. Golovkin, J.J. MacFarlane, PRISM; A. Nikro, D. Steinman, J.D. Kilkenny, H. Xu, General Atomics; M. Bump, T.C. Moore, K-tech; D.G. Schroen, Schafer

  13. Radiography of magnetically-driven implosions of initially solid beryllium cylindrical shells for equation-of-state studies at the Z pulsed-power facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McBride, Ryan

    2011-06-01

    The Z accelerator delivers approximately 4-MV, 26-MA electrical pulses with adjustable current rise times of 100--600 ns, as well as adjustable pulse waveforms. The magnetic pressure produced is used for various applications, including magnetically-driven implosions. The Z-Beamlet Laser (ZBL) is a pulsed (0.3-1.5 ns), multi-kJ, TW-class Nd:glass laser system that provides x-ray radiography capabilities for Z experiments. This talk focuses primarily on the radiography diagnostic used to study the magnetically-driven implosions of initially solid cylindrical shells (also referred to as ``liners''). Specifically, we discuss the 6.151-keV monochromatic backlighting system and its use in obtaining radiographs of imploding beryllium (Be) liners. The high transmission efficiency of 6.151-keV photons in Be allowed us to obtain radiographs with finite transmission throughout the radial extent of the imploding liners. Abel inverting these data, we have obtained time-resolved measurements of the imploding liner's density as a function of both axial and radial location throughout the field of view. These data are allowing us to study magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor (MRT) growth for inertial-confinement-fusion applications, as well as compression-wave propagation for equation-of-state studies (see talks by R.L. Lemke and M.R. Martin). Additionally, Z's pulse-shaping capabilities have enabled us to obtain data for both shock- and quasi-isentropically-compressed Be. Example data from MRT, shock-compression, and quasi-isentropic-compression experiments will be shown. We will also discuss planned upgrades to 25-keV radiography that will allow us to study materials with opacities beyond that of beryllium. This work was done in collaboration with R.W. Lemke, M.R. Martin, J.-P. Davis, M.D. Knudson, D.B. Sinars, S.A. Slutz, C.A. Jennings, M.E. Cuneo, D.G. Flicker, and M.C. Herrmann. Sandia is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed-Martin company, for the US

  14. 2-20 ns interframe time 2-frame 6.151 keV x-ray imaging on the recently upgraded Z Accelerator: A progress report

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, G. R.; Smith, I. C.; Shores, J. E.; Sinars, D. B.; Robertson, G.; Atherton, B. W.; Jones, M. C.; Porter, J. L.

    2008-10-15

    When used for the production of an x-ray imaging backlighter source on Sandia National Laboratories' recently upgraded 26 MA Z Accelerator, the terawatt-class, multikilojoule, 526.57 nm Z-Beamlet laser (ZBL) [P. K. Rambo et al., Appl. Opt. 44, 2421 (2005)], in conjunction with the 6.151 keV (1s{sup 2}-1s2p triplet line of He-like Mn) curved-crystal imager [D. B. Sinars et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3672 (2004); G. R. Bennett et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 10E322 (2006)], is capable of providing a high quality x radiograph per Z shot for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), complex hydrodynamics, and other high-energy-density physics experiments. For example, this diagnostic has recently afforded microgram-scale mass perturbation measurements on an imploding ignition-scale 1 mg ICF capsule [G. R. Bennett et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 205003 (2007)], where the perturbation was initiated by a surrogate deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel fill tube. Using an angle-time multiplexing technique, ZBL now has the capability to provide two spatially and temporally separated foci in the Z chamber, allowing 'two-frame' imaging to be performed, with an interframe time range of 2-20 ns. This multiplexing technique allows the full area of the four-pass amplifiers to be used for the two pulses, rather than split the amplifiers effectively into two rectangular sections, with one leg delayed with respect to the other, which would otherwise double the power imposed onto the various optics thereby halving the damage threshold, for the same irradiance on target. The 6.151 keV two frame technique has recently been used to image imploding wire arrays, using a 7.3 ns interframe time. The diagnostic will soon be converted to operate with p-rather than s-polarized laser light for enhanced laser absorption in the Mn foil, plus other changes (e.g., operation at the possibly brighter 6.181 keV Mn 1s{sup 2}-1s2p singlet line), to increase x-ray yields. Also, a highly sensitive inline multiframe ultrafast

  15. 2-20 ns interframe time 2-frame 6.151 keV x-ray imaging on the recently upgraded Z Accelerator: A progress report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bennett, G. R.; Smith, I. C.; Shores, J. E.; Sinars, D. B.; Robertson, G.; Atherton, B. W.; Jones, M. C.; Porter, J. L.

    2008-10-01

    When used for the production of an x-ray imaging backlighter source on Sandia National Laboratories' recently upgraded 26MA Z Accelerator, the terawatt-class, multikilojoule, 526.57nm Z-Beamlet laser (ZBL) [P. K. Rambo et al., Appl. Opt. 44, 2421 (2005)], in conjunction with the 6.151keV (1s2-1s2p triplet line of He-like Mn) curved-crystal imager [D. B. Sinars et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3672 (2004); G. R. Bennett et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 10E322 (2006)], is capable of providing a high quality x radiograph per Z shot for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), complex hydrodynamics, and other high-energy-density physics experiments. For example, this diagnostic has recently afforded microgram-scale mass perturbation measurements on an imploding ignition-scale 1mg ICF capsule [G. R. Bennett et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 205003 (2007)], where the perturbation was initiated by a surrogate deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel fill tube. Using an angle-time multiplexing technique, ZBL now has the capability to provide two spatially and temporally separated foci in the Z chamber, allowing "two-frame" imaging to be performed, with an interframe time range of 2-20ns. This multiplexing technique allows the full area of the four-pass amplifiers to be used for the two pulses, rather than split the amplifiers effectively into two rectangular sections, with one leg delayed with respect to the other, which would otherwise double the power imposed onto the various optics thereby halving the damage threshold, for the same irradiance on target. The 6.151keV two frame technique has recently been used to image imploding wire arrays, using a 7.3ns interframe time. The diagnostic will soon be converted to operate with p-rather than s-polarized laser light for enhanced laser absorption in the Mn foil, plus other changes (e.g., operation at the possibly brighter 6.181keV Mn 1s2-1s2p singlet line), to increase x-ray yields. Also, a highly sensitive inline multiframe ultrafast (1ns gate time

  16. Counting with Colours? Effect of Colours on the Numerical Abilities of House Crows (Corvus splendens) and Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis).

    PubMed

    Rahman, Nor Amira Abdul; Ali, Zalila; Zuharah, Wan Fatma; Fadzly, Nik

    2016-08-01

    Kami menjalankan beberapa eksperimen aviari untuk mengenal pasti kesan warna ke atas pemilihan kuantiti oleh dua jenis burung, burung gagak (Corvus splendens) dan burung tiung (Acridotheres tristis). Cacing dalam kuantiti berbeza (tujuh pembahagian berlainan) diberikan kepada burung dalam turutan rawak menggunakan cacing dicat dengan warna merah bagi eksperimen 1 dan menggunakan cacing dicat warna hijau bagi eksperimen 2. Kedua-dua warna cacing merah dan hijau tidak memberi kesan kepada pemilihan kuantiti gagak (merah: ANOVA: F6,30 = 1.748, p = 0.144; dan hijau: ANOVA: F6,30 = 1.085, p = 0.394). Namun demikian, burung tiung menunjukkan kesan pengaruh kuat bagi warna merah ke atas pemilihan kuantiti (ANOVA: F6,30 = 2.922, p = 0.023), dengan burung berjaya memilih jumlah makanan yang lebih besar antara dua cawan, tetapi tidak apabila cacing berwarna hijau ditawarkan (ANOVA: F6,30 = 1.183, p = 0.342). Dalam eksperimen seterusnya, hipotesis kami ialah kedua-dua burung gagak dan burung tiung akan memilih makanan berwarna merah berbanding warna hijau apabila faktor jumlah makanan adalah sama. Kami memilih untuk menguji warna merah dan warna hijau kerana kedua-dua warna memainkan peranan penting dalam pemilihan makanan burung. Keputusan menunjukkan tiada perbezaan signifikan bagi pemilihan cacing merah dan hijau bagi kedua-dua burung gagak (ANOVA: F6,30 = 2.310, p = 0.06) dan burung tiung (ANOVA: F6,30 = 0.823, p = 0.561).

  17. Beryllium liner implosion experiments on the Z accelerator in preparation for Magnetized Liner Inertial Fusion (MagLIF)*

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McBride, Ryan D.

    2012-10-01

    filled interior of the liner during the implosion.[4pt] *This work was conducted in collaboration with S. A. Slutz, C. A. Jennings, D. B. Sinars, M. E. Cuneo, M. C. Herrmann, R. W. Lemke, M. R. Martin, R. A. Vesey, K. J. Peterson, A. B. Sefkow, C. Nakhleh, et al., B. E. Blue & General Atomics, J. B. Greenly & Cornell University, and the Z & ZBL operations, diagnostics, engineering, load hardware, and target teams. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. [4pt] [1] S.A. Slutz, et al., Phys. Plasmas 17, 056303 (2010).[0pt] [2] R.D. McBride et al., ``Penetrating radiography of imploding and stagnating beryllium liners on the Z accelerator,'' submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (May 2012).[0pt] [3] M. R. Martin, R. W. Lemke, R. D. McBride, et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 056310 (2012).

  18. Superfluid He-explained to SecundoPiaTurins through Self-Organized Criticality/SOC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maksoed, W. H.

    2015-11-01

    Through Mike Carrell: ``Arata & Zhang/AZ's coldFusion excess Heat & He Production'' normatively describe precedes by Arata & Chang: ``Establishment of the ``solid Fusion'':''..moreover at this time, nuclear fusion reaction was generated inside the solid with synchronous creation of both much 2H4 & thermal Energy''. Nuclear fuel used are ZrO2-Pd(nanoPd), ZrO2.Pd alloy (7[g]) + pure(100%) D2 & Pd-Zr-Ni alloy (18.4[g]) + ... After strange avalanche behavior of superfluid He3 offers a unique `testing ground' for rapid transition, to bioinspired computing, neurobiology & plasma physics quotes: ``SOC is a class of dynamical systems, whose macroscopic behaviour displays the spatial and/or temporal scale-invariance characteristics of a critical point of ``phase transition''-Wikipedia:SOC. Further are e.g to e-Marlin Early Science Meeting offers Secundo Pia Turins devoties, for avalanche dynamic in a pile of rice [V. Frette et al.] & slowly sprinkled to cause ``avalanches'' of Per Bak's sand-Pile experiment at least involving F Lavoise et al.: ``New Methods characterizing Avalanche behavior to determine powder Flow'' 2002 denotes MO Tjia, HL The, Suparno S, Sutrisno: ``Karakterisasi Struktur PP, PS & PVC dengan NMR'', DIP-ITB no. 4872181-1981 to fractions the expenditure in UI/NJOP of Elders-parentals of we Incredible devotes to Prof. Marsongko Hadi/PT.GIRILAYA- Bandung.