Science.gov

Sample records for determining language objectives

  1. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    This executive summary describes the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS) developed to support the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. The C/LOBS functions as a subsystem of the instructional systems development (ISD) approach currently in use in the TRADOC school system. The…

  2. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    This executive summary describes the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS) developed to support the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. The C/LOBS functions as a subsystem of the instructional systems development (ISD) approach currently in use in the TRADOC school system. The…

  3. A Communication/Language Objectives-Based System (C/LOBS) for Foreign Language Training. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    This report of recommendations describes in detail the system for determining communication/language objectives (C/LOBS) within an instructional systems development (ISD) framework. C/LOBS was developed to support the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center and functions as a subsystem of the ISD…

  4. 11B Infantryman Special Forces (Russian). Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume XI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    The job position of infantryman of special forces as performed in Russian is described in terms of terminal skill objectives (TSOs) and enabling objectives (EOs). This analysis is part of the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language…

  5. Mandarin Chinese Function Catalog and Rolebook. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume IX.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    A Mandarin Chinese Function Catalog and Instructor Rolebook for Mandarin Chinese are presented. The catalog and rolebook are part of the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. The C/LOBS project, which is described in 13…

  6. Methodological Tools: Computer Analysis, Data Collection Instruments. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    The methodologies employed in the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, are examined. The C/LOBS project, which is described in 13 volumes and an executive summary, functions as a subsystem of the instructional systems…

  7. MAAG Job Position (Iberian Spanish). Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume V.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    The job position of military advisory and assistance group (MAAG) officer for the Air Force as performed in Iberian Spanish is described in terms of terminal skill objectives (TSOs) and enabling objectives (EOs). This analysis is part of the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of…

  8. Linguistic Relativity in Japanese and English: Is Language the Primary Determinant in Object Classification?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazuka, Reiko; Friedman, Ronald S.

    2000-01-01

    Tested claims by Lucy (1992a, 1992b) that differences between the number marking systems used by Yucatec Maya and English lead speakers of these languages to differentially attend to either the material composition or the shape of objects. Replicated Lucy's critical objects' classification experiments using speakers of English and Japanese.…

  9. Linguistic Relativity in Japanese and English: Is Language the Primary Determinant in Object Classification?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazuka, Reiko; Friedman, Ronald S.

    2000-01-01

    Tested claims by Lucy (1992a, 1992b) that differences between the number marking systems used by Yucatec Maya and English lead speakers of these languages to differentially attend to either the material composition or the shape of objects. Replicated Lucy's critical objects' classification experiments using speakers of English and Japanese.…

  10. Second Language Learning Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, D. Anthony

    1978-01-01

    The primary objective of foreign language learning, social communication, requires that experiences be simulated in the classroom. Before such simulations can be constructed, the teacher has to know what is involved when people communicate, in other words, the nature of the language act. This paper analyzes the situational, syntactical, and…

  11. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria. Volume II. Methodological Tools: Computer Analysis, Data Collection Instruments.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-05-25

    This volume presents (1) Methods for computer and hand analysis of numerical language performance data (includes examples) (2) samples of interview, observation, and survey instruments used in collecting language data. (Author)

  12. Objectives at the Crossroads: Critical Theory and Self-Determination in Indigenous Language Revitalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albury, Nathan John

    2015-01-01

    Indigenous language revitalization is a popular focus of critical theorists. From the perspective of sociolinguists, critical theory interrogates language policies to name and shame inequalities and propose solutions to correct injustices and emancipate the disadvantaged. From a broader perspective, language revitalization policy also resides…

  13. Objectives at the Crossroads: Critical Theory and Self-Determination in Indigenous Language Revitalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albury, Nathan John

    2015-01-01

    Indigenous language revitalization is a popular focus of critical theorists. From the perspective of sociolinguists, critical theory interrogates language policies to name and shame inequalities and propose solutions to correct injustices and emancipate the disadvantaged. From a broader perspective, language revitalization policy also resides…

  14. 11BF1 Operations/Intelligence Specialist Special Forces (Mandarin Chinese). Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume VIII.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    The job position of operations/intelligence specialist as performed in Mandarin Chinese is described in terms of terminal skill objectives (TSOs) and enabling objectives (EOs). This analysis is part of the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute…

  15. Conceptual Tools: Functional System, List of Functions, Operational Definitions of Functions. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    The conceptual tools used in the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, are examined. The C/LOBS project, which is described in 13 volumes and an executive summary, functions as a subsystem of the instructional systems…

  16. MAAG Job Position: Rolebooks and Technical Vocabulary (Iberian Spanish). Methods for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume VII.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    Rolebooks and technical Iberian Spanish vocabulary for the job position of military advisory and assistance group (MAAG) officer of the Air Force are presented. The materials are part of the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language…

  17. Object Pragmatics and Language Development.

    PubMed

    Béguin, Marie

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this contribution is to investigate the advent of language in the light of the appropriation of the cultural uses of the material objects related to material culture and the constitution of their public and shared meanings linked to their uses. First, we suggest that the Object Pragmatics paradigm offers a framework which allows us to take into account the uses of objects in daily life as a site of social conventions, communication and public and shared meanings. Second, we would like to underline the key role of the adult's mediations in the child's ability to evolve towards linguistic development. This contribution will discuss the notion of scenario involving primarily the object, as a possible semiotic tool to support the child's transition to language. We will finally illustrate that it is possible to take into consideration the mastery of conventional uses of the object in the child's ability to engage in a scenario and then to move towards communication and speech development. These issues will be addressed in the context of a research project which focuses on the observation of children interacting with an adult at 16, 20 and 24 months. These longitudinal data were collected by video in a semi-experimental triadic interaction design. The triadic interaction is considered as a relevant unit for the observation and analysis of the role of material culture in speech development, suggesting the existence of new mechanisms to be taken into account in addition to the interactive conditions largely mentioned in literature.

  18. Language Arts Goals and Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cherry Creek School District 5, Englewood, CO.

    Recognizing that the enrichment of the child's language arts experience is a prime educational responsibility, this booklet presents language learning materials which focus on teaching as developing awareness, widening the pupil's breadth of understanding, correcting poor habits, and cultivating positive attitudes toward language learning.…

  19. Object Clitic Omission: Two Language Types

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavarro, Anna; Torrens, Vicenc; Wexler, Ken

    2010-01-01

    The literature generally assumes that object clitic omission is equally allowed in all child languages. In this paper we challenge this claim by means of an elicitation experiment carried out with children acquiring two closely related languages, Catalan and Spanish. Our results show that while omission is high in young Catalan-speaking children,…

  20. Basic Objectives in Language Arts K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis. Div. of Curriculum.

    This book contains sets of basic objectives for elementary, middle, and high school language arts instruction that indicate the goals that the majority of students should achieve before high school graduation. Both exit objectives (to be mastered before high school graduation) and enabling objectives (specific behaviors/activities that help…

  1. Null Objects in Second Language Acquisition: Grammatical vs. Performance Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zyzik, Eve C.

    2008-01-01

    Null direct objects provide a favourable testing ground for grammatical and performance models of argument omission. This article examines both types of models in order to determine which gives a more plausible account of the second language data. The data were collected from second language (L2) learners of Spanish by means of four oral…

  2. Ape Metaphysics: Object Individuation without Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendes, Natacha; Rakoczy, Hannes; Call, Josep

    2008-01-01

    Developmental research suggests that whereas very young infants individuate objects purely on spatiotemporal grounds, from (at latest) around 1 year of age children are capable of individuating objects according to the kind they belong to and the properties they instantiate. As the latter ability has been found to correlate with language, some…

  3. Ape Metaphysics: Object Individuation without Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendes, Natacha; Rakoczy, Hannes; Call, Josep

    2008-01-01

    Developmental research suggests that whereas very young infants individuate objects purely on spatiotemporal grounds, from (at latest) around 1 year of age children are capable of individuating objects according to the kind they belong to and the properties they instantiate. As the latter ability has been found to correlate with language, some…

  4. Object Orientation Affects Spatial Language Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burigo, Michele; Sacchi, Simona

    2013-01-01

    Typical spatial descriptions, such as "The car is in front of the house," describe the position of a located object (LO; e.g., the car) in space relative to a reference object (RO) whose location is known (e.g., the house). The orientation of the RO affects spatial language comprehension via the reference frame selection process.…

  5. Object Orientation Affects Spatial Language Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burigo, Michele; Sacchi, Simona

    2013-01-01

    Typical spatial descriptions, such as "The car is in front of the house," describe the position of a located object (LO; e.g., the car) in space relative to a reference object (RO) whose location is known (e.g., the house). The orientation of the RO affects spatial language comprehension via the reference frame selection process.…

  6. Object orientation affects spatial language comprehension.

    PubMed

    Burigo, Michele; Sacchi, Simona

    2013-01-01

    Typical spatial descriptions, such as "The car is in front of the house," describe the position of a located object (LO; e.g., the car) in space relative to a reference object (RO) whose location is known (e.g., the house). The orientation of the RO affects spatial language comprehension via the reference frame selection process. However, the effects of the LO's orientation on spatial language have not received great attention. This study explores whether the pure geometric information of the LO (e.g., its orientation) affects spatial language comprehension using placing and production tasks. Our results suggest that the orientation of the LO influences spatial language comprehension even in the absence of functional relationships. Copyright © 2013 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  7. Language and memory for object location.

    PubMed

    Gudde, Harmen B; Coventry, Kenny R; Engelhardt, Paul E

    2016-08-01

    In three experiments, we investigated the influence of two types of language on memory for object location: demonstratives (this, that) and possessives (my, your). Participants first read instructions containing demonstratives/possessives to place objects at different locations, and then had to recall those object locations (following object removal). Experiments 1 and 2 tested contrasting predictions of two possible accounts of language on object location memory: the Expectation Model (Coventry, Griffiths, & Hamilton, 2014) and the congruence account (Bonfiglioli, Finocchiaro, Gesierich, Rositani, & Vescovi, 2009). In Experiment 3, the role of attention allocation as a possible mechanism was investigated. Results across all three experiments show striking effects of language on object location memory, with the pattern of data supporting the Expectation Model. In this model, the expected location cued by language and the actual location are concatenated leading to (mis)memory for object location, consistent with models of predictive coding (Bar, 2009; Friston, 2003). Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Ape metaphysics: object individuation without language.

    PubMed

    Mendes, Natacha; Rakoczy, Hannes; Call, Josep

    2008-02-01

    Developmental research suggests that whereas very young infants individuate objects purely on spatiotemporal grounds, from (at latest) around 1 year of age children are capable of individuating objects according to the kind they belong to and the properties they instantiate. As the latter ability has been found to correlate with language, some have speculated whether it might be essentially language dependent and therefore uniquely human. Existing studies with non-human primates seem to speak against this hypothesis, but fail to present conclusive evidence due to methodological shortcomings. In the present experiments we set out to test non-linguistic object individuation in three great ape species with a refined manual search methodology. Experiment 1 tested for spatiotemporal object individuation: Subjects saw 1 or 2 objects simultaneously being placed inside a box in which they could reach, and then in both conditions only found 1 object. After retrieval of the 1 object, subjects reached again significantly more often when they had seen 2 than when they had seen 1 object. Experiment 2 tested for object individuation according to property/kind information only: Subjects saw 1 object being placed inside the box, and then either found that object (expected) or an object of a different kind (unexpected). Analogously to Experiment 1, after retrieval of the 1 object, subjects reached again significantly more often in the unexpected than in the expected condition. These results thus confirm previous findings suggesting that individuating objects according to their property/kind is neither uniquely human nor essentially language dependent. It remains to be seen, however, whether this kind of object individuation requires sortal concepts as human linguistic thinkers use them, or whether some simpler form of tracking properties is sufficient.

  9. Objects as closures - Abstract semantics of object oriented languages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reddy, Uday S.

    1988-01-01

    The denotational semantics of object-oriented languages is discussed using the concept of closure widely used in (semi) functional programming to encapsulate side effects. It is shown that this denotational framework is adequate to explain classes, instantiation, and inheritance in the style of Simula as well as SMALLTALK-80. This framework is then compared with that of Kamin (1988), in his recent denotational definition of SMALLTALK-80, and the implications of the differences between the two approaches are discussed.

  10. Objects as closures - Abstract semantics of object oriented languages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reddy, Uday S.

    1988-01-01

    The denotational semantics of object-oriented languages is discussed using the concept of closure widely used in (semi) functional programming to encapsulate side effects. It is shown that this denotational framework is adequate to explain classes, instantiation, and inheritance in the style of Simula as well as SMALLTALK-80. This framework is then compared with that of Kamin (1988), in his recent denotational definition of SMALLTALK-80, and the implications of the differences between the two approaches are discussed.

  11. Objects as closures: Abstract semantics of object oriented languages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reddy, Uday S.

    1989-01-01

    We discuss denotational semantics of object-oriented languages, using the concept of closure widely used in (semi) functional programming to encapsulate side effects. It is shown that this denotational framework is adequate to explain classes, instantiation, and inheritance in the style of Simula as well as SMALLTALK-80. This framework is then compared with that of Kamin, in his recent denotational definition of SMALLTALK-80, and the implications of the differences between the two approaches are discussed.

  12. Developing Language Objectives for English Language Learners in Physical Education Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clancy, Mary E.; Hruska, Barbara L.

    2005-01-01

    Drawing on the unique opportunities that physical education settings provide, physical education specialists can assist English language learners (ELLs) in developing language by implementing language objectives in their lessons. Language objectives encourage teachers to provide explicit language instruction and language support for students who…

  13. Teaching Adaptability of Object-Oriented Programming Language Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhu, Xiao-dong

    2012-01-01

    The evolution of object-oriented programming languages includes update of their own versions, update of development environments, and reform of new languages upon old languages. In this paper, the evolution analysis of object-oriented programming languages is presented in term of the characters and development. The notion of adaptive teaching upon…

  14. Grid : A Graphical Object Connecting Language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Ian; Schutz, Bernard

    1997-08-01

    Signal-processing systems are fast becoming an essential tool within the scientific community. This is primarily due to the need for constructing large complex algorithms which would take many hours of work to code using conventional programming languages. Grid OCL (Object Connecting Language) is a graphical interactive multi-threaded environment allowing users to create complex algorithms by creating a flexible object-oriented block diagram of the analysis required. Algorithms can be run incrementally or continuously e.g. when analysing long data streams. Grid (1.0 alpha) is written in Java (about 37,000 lines of code) and is currently distributed free of charge over the WWW. Although originally developed to analyse data taken from the GEO 600 gravitational wave detector, its use has been much more widespread e.g. collaborators are working on tools for various signal and image problems, multimedia teaching aids and even to construct a musical composition system.

  15. Symbolic Play Connects to Language through Visual Object Recognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Linda B.; Jones, Susan S.

    2011-01-01

    Object substitutions in play (e.g. using a box as a car) are strongly linked to language learning and their absence is a diagnostic marker of language delay. Classic accounts posit a symbolic function that underlies both words and object substitutions. Here we show that object substitutions depend on developmental changes in visual object…

  16. Symbolic Play Connects to Language through Visual Object Recognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Linda B.; Jones, Susan S.

    2011-01-01

    Object substitutions in play (e.g. using a box as a car) are strongly linked to language learning and their absence is a diagnostic marker of language delay. Classic accounts posit a symbolic function that underlies both words and object substitutions. Here we show that object substitutions depend on developmental changes in visual object…

  17. A Survey of Object Oriented Languages in Programming Environments.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    Chairman. Depart fient of Computer Science Dean of Information and Policy .c$ 4iAI ABSTRACT This thesis addresses object oriented programming languages...5. Instances......................................... 55 6. Methods......................................... 5 C. INFORMATION HIDING...56 1. Definition ........................................ 56 2. Information Hiding in Object Oriented Languages .......... 56 D. DATA

  18. Using Learning Objects to Teach Programming Languages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavus, Nadire; Ibrahim, Dogan

    2004-01-01

    The idea of using "Learning Objects" in teaching has become very popular in the last few years. Although the concept of using objects in teaching is not new, the power of the computer technology and the Internet gives educators large opportunities and endless combination of possibilities in applying new theories to web-based education.…

  19. Communicative, Educational, Pedagogical Objectives and Planning in Russian Language Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evtyugina, Alla A.; Hasanova, Irina I.; Kotova, Svetlana S.; Sokolova, Anastasia N.; Svetkina, Irina A.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the problem stems from the necessity to distinctly plan educational process and set the goals for successful mastering of Russian language by foreign students in Russian higher educational institutions. The article is aimed at defining the foreign students' objectives for Russian language training, allowing them to get involved…

  20. ERIC: An Object-Oriented Simulation Language,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    attribute of class and value is the value assigned to that attribute. For example, (ask fish make instance george with genus betta species splendens ...attributes. A keyword is simply an attribute name prefixed by a colon. Thus, (make-object fish :genus ’ betta :species ’ splendens :common-name ’siamese

  1. Representing Object Colour in Language Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connell, Louise

    2007-01-01

    Embodied theories of cognition hold that mentally representing something "red" engages the neural subsystems that respond to environmental perception of that colour. This paper examines whether implicit perceptual information on object colour is represented during sentence comprehension even though doing so does not necessarily facilitate task…

  2. The Nature of Object Marking in American Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gokgoz, Kadir

    2013-01-01

    In this dissertation, I examine the nature of object marking in American Sign Language (ASL). I investigate object marking by means of directionality (the movement of the verb towards a certain location in signing space) and by means of handling classifiers (certain handshapes accompanying the verb). I propose that object marking in ASL is…

  3. The Nature of Object Marking in American Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gokgoz, Kadir

    2013-01-01

    In this dissertation, I examine the nature of object marking in American Sign Language (ASL). I investigate object marking by means of directionality (the movement of the verb towards a certain location in signing space) and by means of handling classifiers (certain handshapes accompanying the verb). I propose that object marking in ASL is…

  4. Supporting Science Learning through Science Literacy Objectives for English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrier, Karen A.

    2005-01-01

    The author provides information on how science teachers can write science literacy objectives that help English language learners (ELLs) develop the scientific literacy needed for academic success in the science classroom. The article offers suggestions on how teachers can determine the vocabulary, language functions, and sentence structures that…

  5. 77 FR 17104 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ecstatic Alphabets/Heaps...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ecstatic Alphabets/Heaps of Language... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ecstatic Alphabets/Heaps of Language...

  6. Language Arts Program Objectives (Grades 7, 8, and 9).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Allen County Schools, New Haven, IN.

    A language arts program for the seventh, eighth, and ninth grades is detailed in this document. Outlines of the scope and sequence of course components and lists of program objectives are given for each grade. Following these program objectives, the document consists of outline sketches for each course topic, including the scope and sequence of…

  7. Dynamic Learning Objects to Teach Java Programming Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narasimhamurthy, Uma; Al Shawkani, Khuloud

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a model for teaching Java Programming Language through Dynamic Learning Objects. The design of the learning objects was based on effective learning design principles to help students learn the complex topic of Java Programming. Visualization was also used to facilitate the learning of the concepts. (Contains 1 figure and 2…

  8. Dynamic Learning Objects to Teach Java Programming Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narasimhamurthy, Uma; Al Shawkani, Khuloud

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a model for teaching Java Programming Language through Dynamic Learning Objects. The design of the learning objects was based on effective learning design principles to help students learn the complex topic of Java Programming. Visualization was also used to facilitate the learning of the concepts. (Contains 1 figure and 2…

  9. Creating Tangible Interfaces by Augmenting Physical Objects with Multimodal Language

    SciTech Connect

    McGee, David R. ); Cohen, Philip R.

    2001-01-01

    Rasa is a tangible augmented reality environment that digitally enhances the existing paper-based command and control capability in a military command post. By observing and understanding the users' speech, pen, and touch-based multimodal language, Rasa computationally augments the physical objects on a command post map, linking these items to digital representations of the same; for example, linking a paper map to the world and Post-it notes to military units. Herein, we give a thorough account of Rasa's underlying multiagent framework, and its recognition, understanding, and multimodal integration components. Moreover, we examine five properties of language: generativity, comprehensibility, compositionality, referentiality, and, at times, persistence--that render it suitable as an augmentation approach, contrasting these properties to those of other augmentation methods. It is these properties of language that allow users of Rasa to augment physical objects, transforming them into tangible interfaces.

  10. Methylxanthines: properties and determination in various objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andreeva, Elena Yu; Dmitrienko, Stanislava G.; Zolotov, Yurii A.

    2012-05-01

    Published data on the properties and determination of caffeine, theophylline, theobromine and some other methylxanthines in various objects are surveyed and described systematically. Different sample preparation procedures such as liquid extraction from solid matrices and liquid-liquid, supercritical fluid and solid-phase extraction are compared. The key methods of analysis including chromatography, electrophoresis, spectrometry and electrochemical methods are discussed. Examples of methylxanthine determination in plants, food products, energy beverages, pharmaceuticals, biological fluids and natural and waste waters are given. The bibliography includes 393 references.

  11. SIMOGEN - An Object-Oriented Language for Simulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    program generator must also be written in the same prcgramming languaje . In this case, the C language was chosen, for the following main reasons...quickly. The internal coding of each section within an object is procedural and quite conventional in nature . It was felt that, whilst the object...paradigm provide a very natural of decomposing the mechanical world, people generally seem to describe each activity which a piece of equipment can carry

  12. Object schemas for grounding language in a responsive robot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsiao, Kai-Yuh; Tellex, Stefanie; Vosoughi, Soroush; Kubat, Rony; Roy, Deb

    2008-12-01

    An approach is introduced for physically grounded natural language interpretation by robots that reacts appropriately to unanticipated physical changes in the environment and dynamically assimilates new information pertinent to ongoing tasks. At the core of the approach is a model of object schemas that enables a robot to encode beliefs about physical objects in its environment using collections of coupled processes responsible for sensorimotor interaction. These interaction processes run concurrently in order to ensure responsiveness to the environment, while co-ordinating sensorimotor expectations, action planning and language use. The model has been implemented on a robot that manipulates objects on a tabletop in response to verbal input. The implementation responds to verbal requests such as 'Group the green block and the red apple', while adapting in real time to unexpected physical collisions and taking opportunistic advantage of any new information it may receive through perceptual and linguistic channels.

  13. Language structure in the n -object naming game

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipowski, Adam; Lipowska, Dorota

    2009-11-01

    We examine a naming game with two agents trying to establish a common vocabulary for n objects. Such efforts lead to the emergence of language that allows for an efficient communication and exhibits some degree of homonymy and synonymy. Although homonymy reduces the communication efficiency, it seems to be a dynamical trap that persists for a long, and perhaps indefinite, time. On the other hand, synonymy does not reduce the efficiency of communication but appears to be only a transient feature of the language. Thus, in our model the role of synonymy decreases and in the long-time limit it becomes negligible. A similar rareness of synonymy is observed in present natural languages. The role of noise, that distorts the communicated words, is also examined. Although, in general, the noise reduces the communication efficiency, it also regroups the words so that they are more evenly distributed within the available “verbal” space.

  14. Objective tumour heterogeneity determination in gliomas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simon, Dirk; Klein, Jan; Rexilius, Jan; Stieltjes, Bram

    2009-02-01

    Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) derived apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values are known to correlate inversely to tumour cellularity in brain tumours. The average ADC value increases after successful chemotherapy, radiotherapy or a combination of both and can be therewith used as a surrogate marker for treatment response. Moreover, high and low malignant areas can be distinguished. The main purpose of our project was to develop a software platform that enables the automated delineation and ADC quantification of different tumour sections in a fast, objective, user independent manner. Moreover, the software platform allows for an analysis of the probability density of the ADC in high and low malignant areas in ROIs drawn on conventional imaging to create a ground truth. We tested an Expectation Maximization algorithm with a Gaussian mixture model to objectively determine tumour heterogeneity in gliomas because of yielding Gaussian distributions in the different areas. Furthermore, the algorithm was initialized by seed points in the areas of the gross tumour volume and the data indicated that an automatic initialization should be possible. Thus automated clustering of high and low malignant areas and subsequent ADC determination within these areas is possible yielding reproducible ADC measurements within heterogeneous gliomas.

  15. A Minimalist Approach to Null Subjects and Objects in Second Language Acquisition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, H.

    2004-01-01

    Studies of the second language acquisition of pronominal arguments have observed that: (1) L1 speakers of null subject languages of the Spanish type drop more subjects in their second language (L2) English than first language (L1) speakers of null subject languages of the Korean type and (2) speakers of Korean-type languages drop more objects than…

  16. A Minimalist Approach to Null Subjects and Objects in Second Language Acquisition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, H.

    2004-01-01

    Studies of the second language acquisition of pronominal arguments have observed that: (1) L1 speakers of null subject languages of the Spanish type drop more subjects in their second language (L2) English than first language (L1) speakers of null subject languages of the Korean type and (2) speakers of Korean-type languages drop more objects than…

  17. Objective determination of Fitzpatrick skin type.

    PubMed

    Ravnbak, Mette Henriksen

    2010-08-01

    back indicate that people seem to refer to sun sensitivity after multiple exposures to the sun rather than a single sun exposure, when they reply to the question of Fitzpatrick skin type. Hence, both SED to MED and SED to MMD are better correlated to skin type after respectively 4 and 5 exposures to Solar Simulator and nUVB compared to 1 exposure. Only when tanning is preceded by erythema there is a relation between SED to MMD and skin type/PPF. Thus only after nUVB and Solar. For nUVB and Solar there was a linear relation between erythema and tanning ability with the intercept different from zero. In spite of what we expected based on the literature, the correlation was better between SED to MED and skin type than between SED to MMD and skin type. This applied to single and multiple exposures and to single calculations and multiple regression analyses. The long-waved UVA1 and broadband UVA should definitely not be used for skin type determination, as there was no relation between MMD and skin type/PPF. Both nUVB and Solar can be considered. Finally, based on the objective parameters: pre-exposure pigmentation measured by skin reflectance, MED and MMD we tried to predict the Fitzpatrick skin type by multinominal logistic regression analyses to evaluate the significance of the different parameters for the subjective skin type classification and thereby hopefully enlighten what Fitzpatrick skin type represents. For single UV-exposure only the pre-exposure pigmentation worked as a predictor of Fitzpatrick skin type, and that is what PPF is based on. When this parameter was removed, only SED to MED was significant. Our model succeeds better to classify people correct after multiple UV-exposure compared to a single UV-exposure. PPF was predicted likewise and was highly correlated to SED to MED, as expected, and even higher correlated to Fitzpatrick skin type. SED to MMD was not significant. This study confirms that Fitzpatrick skin type is an unreliable predictor of UV

  18. Cognitive characteristics of learning Java, an object-oriented programming language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, Garry Lynn

    Industry and Academia are moving from procedural programming languages (e.g., COBOL) to object-oriented programming languages, such as Java for the Internet. Past studies in the cognitive aspects of programming have focused primarily on procedural programming languages. Some of the languages used have been Pascal, C, Basic, FORTAN, and COBOL. Object-oriented programming (OOP) represents a new paradigm for computing. Industry is finding that programmers are having difficulty shifting to this new programming paradigm. This instruction in OOP is currently starting in colleges and universities across the country. What are the cognitive aspects for this new OOP language Java? When is a student developmentally ready to handle the cognitive characteristics of the OOP language Java? Which cognitive teaching style is best for this OOP language Java? Questions such as the aforementioned are the focus of this research Such research is needed to improve understanding of the learning process and identify students' difficulties with OOP methods. This can enhance academic teaching and industry training (Scholtz, 1993; Sheetz, 1997; Rosson, 1990). Cognitive development as measured by the Propositional Logic Test, cognitive style as measured by the Hemispheric Mode Indicator, and physical hemispheric dominance as measured by a self-report survey were obtained from thirty-six university students studying Java programming. Findings reveal that physical hemispheric dominance is unrelated to cognitive and programming language variables. However, both procedural and object oriented programming require Piaget's formal operation cognitive level as indicated by the Propositional Logic Test. This is consistent with prior research A new finding is that object oriented programming also requires formal operation cognitive level. Another new finding is that object oriented programming appears to be unrelated to hemispheric cognitive style as indicated by the Hemispheric Mode Indicator (HMI

  19. Multiple Objectives and the Path Determination Problem.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-03

    weceemy anid e.*i1& by’ block number) Networks; Gr-akhs; Shortest path labeling algorithms; Yitioljetivce i~myrs;>’ti~ecriteria nolyi (; ctwork. flow; ~oi...OF TIS PA@E(IMbi DWO ESbmdj 2. (Cont,) The algorithm, titled the L.onirnferior rath Labeling Algorithm (NPLA), is shown to be at least four to ten...times faster than shortest path labeling algorithms applied inultiobjectively for a problem with two objectives. NPLA is judged to be unique in its cal

  20. An objective determination of +Gz acceleration tolerance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sandler, H.; Rositano, S. A.; McCutcheon, E. P.

    1977-01-01

    Until recently, human +Gz acceleration tolerance has relied solely on subjective criteria relating to loss of vision. By use of newly developed noninvasive instrumentation using a transcutaneous Doppler flow system, objective end point criteria have been developed based on measured blood flow to the head. The system consists of miniature 8 MHz Doppler sensors (2 x 1 x 0.5 cm) placed on the forehead over both frontal branches of the temporal arteries to detect blood flow velocity from back scattered ultrasound. Its use has allowed for correlation of altered, decreased and actual reversal of eye level blood flow with subsequent central light loss. Over 100 subjects have now been studied during more than 2,000 centrifuge runs. Objective changes in temporal artery flow velocity consistently preceded visual degradation for each subject during all acceleration profiles. No subject has gone unconscious without first exhibiting a minimum 6 sec of total flow cessation. Retrograde flow followed by complete flow cessation always preceded central light loss. Results indicate that this method can be successfully used with a wide variety of tasks during exposure to +Gz acceleration. It is recommended for use during evaluation of protective maneuvers or devices on the centrifuge or during actual flight in high performance aircraft. It may also serve as a potential safety monitor during space Shuttle re-entry if there is doubt about a passenger's cardiovascular status.

  1. An objective determination of +Gz acceleration tolerance.

    PubMed

    Sandler, H; Rositano, S A; McCutcheon, E P

    1977-01-01

    Until recently, human +Gz acceleration tolerance has relied solely on subjective criteria relating to loss of vision. By use of newly developed noninvasive instrumentation using a transcutaneous Doppler flow system, objective end point criteria have been developed based on measured blood flow to the head. The system consists of miniature 8 MHz Doppler sensors (2 x 1 x 0.5 cm) placed on the forehead over both frontal branches of the temporal arteries to detect blood flow velocity from back scattered ultrasound. Its use has allowed for correlation of altered, decreased and actual reversal of eye level blood flow with subsequent central light loss. Over 100 subjects have now been studied during more than 2,000 centrifuge runs. Objective changes in temporal artery flow velocity consistently preceded visual degradation for each subject during all acceleration profiles. No subject has gone unconscious without first exhibiting a minimum 6 sec of total flow cessation. Retrograde flow followed by complete flow cessation always preceded central light loss. Results indicate that this method can be successfully used with a wide variety of tasks during exposure to +Gz acceleration. It is recommended for use during evaluation of protective maneuvers or devices on the centrifuge or during actual flight in high performance aircraft. It may also serve as a potential safety monitor during space Shuttle re-entry if there is doubt about a passenger's cardiovascular status.

  2. An objective determination of +Gz acceleration tolerance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sandler, H.; Rositano, S. A.; McCutcheon, E. P.

    1977-01-01

    Until recently, human +Gz acceleration tolerance has relied solely on subjective criteria relating to loss of vision. By use of newly developed noninvasive instrumentation using a transcutaneous Doppler flow system, objective end point criteria have been developed based on measured blood flow to the head. The system consists of miniature 8 MHz Doppler sensors (2 x 1 x 0.5 cm) placed on the forehead over both frontal branches of the temporal arteries to detect blood flow velocity from back scattered ultrasound. Its use has allowed for correlation of altered, decreased and actual reversal of eye level blood flow with subsequent central light loss. Over 100 subjects have now been studied during more than 2,000 centrifuge runs. Objective changes in temporal artery flow velocity consistently preceded visual degradation for each subject during all acceleration profiles. No subject has gone unconscious without first exhibiting a minimum 6 sec of total flow cessation. Retrograde flow followed by complete flow cessation always preceded central light loss. Results indicate that this method can be successfully used with a wide variety of tasks during exposure to +Gz acceleration. It is recommended for use during evaluation of protective maneuvers or devices on the centrifuge or during actual flight in high performance aircraft. It may also serve as a potential safety monitor during space Shuttle re-entry if there is doubt about a passenger's cardiovascular status.

  3. Logbooks and Language Learning Objectives in an Intensive ESP Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, William; Whisenand, Rick

    1993-01-01

    Learners in an English for specific purposes workshop in northeast Thailand determined and accomplished their own objectives through the use of logbooks. Analyses of logbook writings and videotaped comments and observations showed the usefulness of logbooks as an available source of assessment information and future program planning. (Contains…

  4. Method and apparatus for determining the coordinates of an object

    DOEpatents

    Pedersen, Paul S.

    2002-01-01

    A simplified method and related apparatus are described for determining the location of points on the surface of an object by varying, in accordance with a unique sequence, the intensity of each illuminated pixel directed to the object surface, and detecting at known detector pixel locations the intensity sequence of reflected illumination from the surface of the object whereby the identity and location of the originating illuminated pixel can be determined. The coordinates of points on the surface of the object are then determined by conventional triangulation methods.

  5. EVALUATING THE OBJECTIVES IN FOREIGN-LANGUAGE TEACHING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VALETTE, REBECCA M.

    AUDIOLINGUAL TEACHING METHODS HAVE CREATED THE NEED FOR NEW TESTING TECHNIQUES IN THE FOUR LANGUAGE SKILLS OF LISTENING, SPEAKING, AND WRITING. VARIOUS CURRENT METHODS AND SPECIFIC STANDARDIZED TESTS FOR EVALUATING EACH OF THE SKILLS, INCLUDING PURE SKILLS TESTS WHICH UTILIZE ONLY ONE SKILL IN BOTH STIMULUS AND RESPONSE AND HYBRID SKILLS TESTS…

  6. Context shifts: extending the meanings of physical objects with language

    SciTech Connect

    McGee, David R. ); Pavel, Misha; Cohen, Philip R.

    2001-12-25

    The influence that language has on contextual interpretations cannot be ignored by computer systems that strive to be context-aware. Rather, once systems are designed to perceive language and other forms of human action, these interpretative processes will of necessity be context-dependent. As an example, we illustrate how people simply and naturally create new contexts by naming and referring. We then describe Rasa, a mixed-reality system that observes and understands how users in a military command post create such contexts as part of the process of maintaining situational awareness. In such environments, commander?s maps are covered with Post-it notes. These paper artifacts are contextually transformed to represent units in the field by the application of multimodal language. Rasa understands this language, thereby allowing paper-based tools to become the basis for digital interaction. Finally, we argue that architectures for such context-aware systems will need to be built to process the inherent ambiguity and uncertainty of human input in order to be effective.

  7. Script and language determination from document images

    SciTech Connect

    Spitz, A.L.

    1994-12-31

    We have developed techniques for distinguishing which language is represented in an image of text. This work is restricted to a small but important subset of the world`s languages, using techniques that should be applicable across much more comprehensive samples. The method first classifies the script into two broad classes: European and Asian. This classification is based on the spatial relationships of fiducial points related to the upward concavities in character structures. Language identification within the Asian script class (Japanese, Chinese, Korean) is performed by analysis of the optical density distribution of the text images. Within the European script class, language identification is described in separate papers.

  8. The Identification of Index Terms in Natural Language Object Descriptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heidorn, P. Bryan

    1999-01-01

    Examines the vocabulary and communication constructs that are used by novices and domain experts to describe objects in an object identification task. Results suggest that indexing and retrieval systems should provide semantic level similarity mechanisms to allow for whole-object as well as part-wise visual analogy. The systems should also provide…

  9. ROSS: An Object-Oriented Language for Constructing Simulations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    W. Giarla, S. Narain, E. Cesar , and S. Turner, R-3158-AF, October 1984. Fast Concurrent Simulation Using the Time Warp Mechanism, Part I: Local Contru... Villanueva , and H. M. Markowitz, The Simscript H Pmoramming Language, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1968. Klahr, P., J. Ellis, W. Giarla, S...Narain, E. Cesar , and S. Turner, TWIRL Tactical Warfare in the ROSS Lanuage, The Rand Corporation, R.3158-AF, October 1984. Klahr, P., and W. S

  10. An Implementation of an Operating System Kernel using Concurrent Object Oriented Language ABCL/c+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doi, Norihisa; Kodama, Yasushi; Hirose, Ken

    The ABCL/c+ is a C-based concurrent object-oriented language, designed as an extension of ABCL/l, a language developed by A. Yonezawa and others. In order to create the world of processes, a routine object is introduced which unifies procedures, functions, and objects. ABCL/c+ is then used to write an operating system kernel. The XINU operating system, developed by D. Comer and others of Bell Laboratories, is rewritten entirely in ABCL/c+. The result shows that concurrent object-oriented languages can produce a highly readable and understandable operating system kernel.

  11. Attentional Capture of Objects Referred to by Spoken Language

    PubMed Central

    Salverda, Anne Pier; Altmann, Gerry T. M.

    2011-01-01

    Participants saw a small number of objects in a visual display and performed a visual detection or visual-discrimination task in the context of task-irrelevant spoken distractors. In each experiment, a visual cue was presented 400 ms after the onset of a spoken word. In experiments 1 and 2, the cue was an isoluminant color change and participants generated an eye movement to the target object. In experiment 1, responses were slower when the spoken word referred to the distractor object than when it referred to the target object. In experiment 2, responses were slower when the spoken word referred to a distractor object than when it referred to an object not in the display. In experiment 3, the cue was a small shift in location of the target object and participants indicated the direction of the shift. Responses were slowest when the word referred to the distractor object, faster when the word did not have a referent, and fastest when the word referred to the target object. Taken together, the results demonstrate that referents of spoken words capture attention. PMID:21517215

  12. ERPs Reveal Atypical Processing of Subject versus Object "Wh"-Questions in Children with Specific Language Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Baila; Hestvik, Arild; Shafer, Valerie L.; Schwartz, Richard G.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) show particular difficulty comprehending and producing object ("Who did the bear follow?") relative to subject ("Who followed the tiger?") "wh"-questions. Aims: To determine if school-age children with SLI, relative to children with typical development (TD),…

  13. ERPs Reveal Atypical Processing of Subject versus Object "Wh"-Questions in Children with Specific Language Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Baila; Hestvik, Arild; Shafer, Valerie L.; Schwartz, Richard G.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) show particular difficulty comprehending and producing object ("Who did the bear follow?") relative to subject ("Who followed the tiger?") "wh"-questions. Aims: To determine if school-age children with SLI, relative to children with typical development (TD),…

  14. Children's Comprehension of Object Relative Sentences: It's Extant Language Knowledge That Matters, Not Domain-General Working Memory.

    PubMed

    Rusli, Yazmin Ahmad; Montgomery, James W

    2017-09-15

    The aim of this study was to determine whether extant language (lexical) knowledge or domain-general working memory is the better predictor of comprehension of object relative sentences for children with typical development. We hypothesized that extant language knowledge, not domain-general working memory, is the better predictor. Fifty-three children (ages 9-11 years) completed a word-level verbal working-memory task, indexing extant language (lexical) knowledge; an analog nonverbal working-memory task, representing domain-general working memory; and a hybrid sentence comprehension task incorporating elements of both agent selection and cross-modal picture-priming paradigms. Images of the agent and patient were displayed at the syntactic gap in the object relative sentences, and the children were asked to select the agent of the sentence. Results of general linear modeling revealed that extant language knowledge accounted for a unique 21.3% of variance in the children's object relative sentence comprehension over and above age (8.3%). Domain-general working memory accounted for a nonsignificant 1.6% of variance. We interpret the results to suggest that extant language knowledge and not domain-general working memory is a critically important contributor to children's object relative sentence comprehension. Results support a connectionist view of the association between working memory and object relative sentence comprehension. https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.5404573.

  15. Determiner Selection in Romance Languages: Evidence from French

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foucart, Alice; Branigan, Holly P.; Bard, Ellen G.

    2010-01-01

    Determiner selection requires the retrieval of the noun's syntactic features (e.g., gender) and sometimes of its phonological features. Miozzo and Caramazza (1999) argued that the selection of determiners in Germanic languages is more straightforward than in Romance languages because it is not dependent on the phonological properties of the…

  16. Syntactic Survey of Determiners in Mo/Deg Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anto, Sylvester Kwabena

    2014-01-01

    This study is descriptive, and it is set out to primarily investigate the use and order of determiners in the Mo/Deg language. The study finds answers to the questions, "What determiner types are there in the Mo/Deg language, and in what order do they collocate with the head of the noun phrase?" Using purposive sampling, the study…

  17. Determiner Selection in Romance Languages: Evidence from French

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foucart, Alice; Branigan, Holly P.; Bard, Ellen G.

    2010-01-01

    Determiner selection requires the retrieval of the noun's syntactic features (e.g., gender) and sometimes of its phonological features. Miozzo and Caramazza (1999) argued that the selection of determiners in Germanic languages is more straightforward than in Romance languages because it is not dependent on the phonological properties of the…

  18. Recovery from First-Language Transfer: The Second Language Acquisition of English Double Objects by Korean Speakers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Eunjeong

    2010-01-01

    Previous studies on second language (L2) acquisition of English dative alternation by Korean speakers (Oh and Zubizarreta, 2003, 2006a, 2006b) have shown that the acquisition of English benefactive double object (DO) (e.g. "John baked Mary a cake") lags behind that of its counterpart goal double object (e.g. "John sent Mary the letter"). This…

  19. Recovery from First-Language Transfer: The Second Language Acquisition of English Double Objects by Korean Speakers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Eunjeong

    2010-01-01

    Previous studies on second language (L2) acquisition of English dative alternation by Korean speakers (Oh and Zubizarreta, 2003, 2006a, 2006b) have shown that the acquisition of English benefactive double object (DO) (e.g. "John baked Mary a cake") lags behind that of its counterpart goal double object (e.g. "John sent Mary the letter"). This…

  20. Our Perception of Woman as Determined by Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayim, Maryann

    Recognition of gender as a significant factor in the social parameters of language is a very recent phenomonon. The external aspects of language as they relate to sexism have social and political ramifications. Using Peirce's definition of sign, which encompasses the representation, the object, and its interpretation, sexually stereotypic language…

  1. Our Perception of Woman as Determined by Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayim, Maryann

    Recognition of gender as a significant factor in the social parameters of language is a very recent phenomonon. The external aspects of language as they relate to sexism have social and political ramifications. Using Peirce's definition of sign, which encompasses the representation, the object, and its interpretation, sexually stereotypic language…

  2. Multi-User Domain Object Oriented (MOO) as a High School Procedure for Foreign Language Acquisition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backer, James A.

    Foreign language students experience added difficulty when they are isolated from native speakers and from the culture of the target language. It has been posited that MOO (Multi-User Domain Object Oriented) may help overcome the geographical isolation of these students. MOOs are Internet-based virtual worlds in which people from all over the real…

  3. The role of language in acquiring object kind concepts in infancy.

    PubMed

    Xu, Fei

    2002-10-01

    Four experiments investigated whether 9-month-old infants could use the presence of labels to help them establish a representation of two distinct objects in a complex object individuation task. We found that the presence of two distinct labels facilitated object individuation, but the presence of one label for both objects, two distinct tones, two distinct sounds, or two distinct emotional expressions did not. These findings suggest that language may play an important role in the acquisition of sortal/object kind concepts in infancy: words may serve as "essence placeholders". Implications for the relationship between language and conceptual development are discussed.

  4. Artifactual Literacies: Every Object Tells a Story. Language & Literacy Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pahl, Kate; Rowsell, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    To re-engage students with literacy, teachers need an entry point that recognizes and honors students' out-of-school identities. This book looks at how artifacts (everyday objects) access the daily, sensory world in which students live. Exploring how artifacts can generate literacy learning, the book shows teachers how to use a family photo,…

  5. Attentional Capture of Objects Referred to by Spoken Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salverda, Anne Pier; Altmann, Gerry T. M.

    2011-01-01

    Participants saw a small number of objects in a visual display and performed a visual detection or visual-discrimination task in the context of task-irrelevant spoken distractors. In each experiment, a visual cue was presented 400 ms after the onset of a spoken word. In experiments 1 and 2, the cue was an isoluminant color change and participants…

  6. Object-Oriented Query Language For Events Detection From Images Sequences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganea, Ion Eugen

    2015-09-01

    In this paper is presented a method to represent the events extracted from images sequences and the query language used for events detection. Using an object oriented model the spatial and temporal relationships between salient objects and also between events are stored and queried. This works aims to unify the storing and querying phases for video events processing. The object oriented language syntax used for events processing allow the instantiation of the indexes classes in order to improve the accuracy of the query results. The experiments were performed on images sequences provided from sport domain and it shows the reliability and the robustness of the proposed language. To extend the language will be added a specific syntax for constructing the templates for abnormal events and for detection of the incidents as the final goal of the research.

  7. Attitudes of Students towards Learning Objects in Web-Based Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basal, Ahmet; Gurol, Mehmet; Sevindik, Tuncay

    2012-01-01

    Language education is important in the rapidly changing world. Every year much effort has spent on preparing teaching materials for language education. Since positive attitudes of learners towards a teaching material enhance the effectiveness of that material, it is important to determine the attitudes of learners towards the material used.…

  8. Differential Effects of Language Attrition in the Domains of Verb Placement and Object Expression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the differential effects of language attrition in two diverse linguistic domains: verb placement and object expression. Linguistic phenomena at the syntax--discourse interface, such as object expression, have been shown to be more vulnerable to attrition than narrow syntax properties, such as verb placement. This study aims…

  9. Language Test as Boundary Object: Perspectives from Test Users in the Healthcare Domain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macqueen, Susy; Pill, John; Knoch, Ute

    2016-01-01

    Objects that sit between intersecting social worlds, such as Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) tests, are "boundary objects"--dynamic, historically derived mechanisms which maintain coherence between worlds (Star & Griesemer, 1989). They emerge initially from sociopolitical mandates, such as the need to ensure a safe and efficient…

  10. Language Test as Boundary Object: Perspectives from Test Users in the Healthcare Domain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macqueen, Susy; Pill, John; Knoch, Ute

    2016-01-01

    Objects that sit between intersecting social worlds, such as Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) tests, are "boundary objects"--dynamic, historically derived mechanisms which maintain coherence between worlds (Star & Griesemer, 1989). They emerge initially from sociopolitical mandates, such as the need to ensure a safe and efficient…

  11. Differential Effects of Language Attrition in the Domains of Verb Placement and Object Expression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the differential effects of language attrition in two diverse linguistic domains: verb placement and object expression. Linguistic phenomena at the syntax--discourse interface, such as object expression, have been shown to be more vulnerable to attrition than narrow syntax properties, such as verb placement. This study aims…

  12. A Selected Annotated Bibliography on Behavioral Objectives in the English Language Arts (Elementary and Secondary).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barth, Rodney J.

    This bibliography describes books and articles designed to help English language arts teachers plan instructional goals, write behavioral objectives, and evaluate student performance. In addition, materials are included which discuss the pros and cons of behavioral objectives and related efforts at accountability. This bibliography contains all of…

  13. Integration across Time Determines Path Deviation Discrimination for Moving Objects.

    PubMed

    Whitaker, David; Levi, Dennis M; Kennedy, Graeme J

    2008-04-16

    Human vision is vital in determining our interaction with the outside world. In this study we characterize our ability to judge changes in the direction of motion of objects-a common task which can allow us either to intercept moving objects, or else avoid them if they pose a threat. Observers were presented with objects which moved across a computer monitor on a linear path until the midline, at which point they changed their direction of motion, and observers were required to judge the direction of change. In keeping with the variety of objects we encounter in the real world, we varied characteristics of the moving stimuli such as velocity, extent of motion path and the object size. Furthermore, we compared performance for moving objects with the ability of observers to detect a deviation in a line which formed the static trace of the motion path, since it has been suggested that a form of static memory trace may form the basis for these types of judgment. The static line judgments were well described by a 'scale invariant' model in which any two stimuli which possess the same two-dimensional geometry (length/width) result in the same level of performance. Performance for the moving objects was entirely different. Irrespective of the path length, object size or velocity of motion, path deviation thresholds depended simply upon the duration of the motion path in seconds. Human vision has long been known to integrate information across space in order to solve spatial tasks such as judgment of orientation or position. Here we demonstrate an intriguing mechanism which integrates direction information across time in order to optimize the judgment of path deviation for moving objects.

  14. Ruby-Helix: an implementation of helical image processing based on object-oriented scripting language.

    PubMed

    Metlagel, Zoltan; Kikkawa, Yayoi S; Kikkawa, Masahide

    2007-01-01

    Helical image analysis in combination with electron microscopy has been used to study three-dimensional structures of various biological filaments or tubes, such as microtubules, actin filaments, and bacterial flagella. A number of packages have been developed to carry out helical image analysis. Some biological specimens, however, have a symmetry break (seam) in their three-dimensional structure, even though their subunits are mostly arranged in a helical manner. We refer to these objects as "asymmetric helices". All the existing packages are designed for helically symmetric specimens, and do not allow analysis of asymmetric helical objects, such as microtubules with seams. Here, we describe Ruby-Helix, a new set of programs for the analysis of "helical" objects with or without a seam. Ruby-Helix is built on top of the Ruby programming language and is the first implementation of asymmetric helical reconstruction for practical image analysis. It also allows easier and semi-automated analysis, performing iterative unbending and accurate determination of the repeat length. As a result, Ruby-Helix enables us to analyze motor-microtubule complexes with higher throughput to higher resolution.

  15. Concurrent Aggregates (CA): An Object-Oriented Language for Fine-Grained Message-Passing Machines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-07-01

    MIMD computer. In IEEE Proceeding of the International Conference on Parallel Processing , pages 6-8. IEEE, 1978. [911 V. Strassen. Gaussian ... processing language message-passing massively parallel 20. ABSTRACT (Continue on reverse side If neceee, and Identify by block nember) Fine-grained parallel...Parallel Programming, Object-oriented, Fine-grained, Parallel Processing , Language, Message-Passing, Massively Parallel. Concurrent Aggregates (CA): An

  16. Brain strategies for reading in the second language are determined by the first language.

    PubMed

    Nakada, T; Fujii, Y; Kwee, I L

    2001-08-01

    Brain activation associated with reading was investigated in ten normal Japanese volunteers (five highly literate in both Japanese and English) and ten American native English speakers (five highly literate in both English and Japanese) in order to determine the neuroanatomic substrates employed in reading the first language (L1), and to determine the effect of L1 on the neurosubstrates involved in reading the second language (L2). The study was performed using blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) on a high-field (3.0T) system specifically optimized for fMRI. The activation patterns in Japanese subjects reading Japanese (L1) were substantially different from the patterns obtained in American subjects reading English text (L1). The activation patterns reading L2 were virtually identical to the patterns seen when reading L1 in both Japanese and English natives highly literate in both language systems. The results demonstrated that the neuroanatomical substrates underlying the cognitive processing of reading are differentially determined based on the language system. The study further indicates that the cognitive processes for reading in the second language involve the same cortical structures employed for the first language, supporting the hypothesis that the second language represents the cognitive extension of the first language.

  17. The Wages of Risk: Determining Fair and Reasonable Profit Objectives.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    POif 7&T PROJECT ,- ASK U.S. ARMYAREA & uh.Ri( UNIT NUMBERS CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LABORATORY P.O. Box 4005, Champaign, IL 61820...Duration of Project 32 AS Proposal H Factor Weighting Graph for Fixed Asset Investment 32 Cl Proposal I Profit Objective Determination Worksheet for...Participation 38 C4 Proposal I Factor Weighting Graph for Duration of Project 39 I 7I FIGURES (Cont’d) Number Page C5 Proposal I Factor Weighting Graph

  18. Official language minority communities in Canada: is linguistic minority status a determinant of mental health?

    PubMed

    Puchala, Chassidy; Leis, Anne; Lim, Hyun; Tempier, Raymond

    2013-04-05

    Language has been identified as a determinant of mental health. Within Canada, individuals may speak an official language and still belong within the linguistic minority (Francophones outside Quebec and Anglophones within Quebec). The objectives of this study were to compare mental health problems between minority and majority official language communities, and examine the association between official language minority and mental health problems. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 1.2 were used to make two comparisons: Francophones to Anglophones within Quebec, and Francophones to Anglophones outside Quebec. Twelve-month and lifetime prevalences of mental disorders (major depressive episode, anxiety disorders, and alcohol/substance abuse/dependence) and mental health indices were compared. Logistic regression analysis examined whether official language minority status was a determinant of mental health. Mental health between minority and majority language groups was similar. Official language minority status was not a significant determinant of mental health. Self-rated mental health indices varied between groups. In some cases, minority language groups reported lower levels of life satisfaction (minority Anglophones versus majority Francophones), while in other cases more majority Anglophones reported poor life satisfaction and mental health (majority Anglophones versus minority Francophones). Overall, few differences were found between language groups, though variations in self-rated mental health indices were observed. In order to better understand the role of context in determining health outcomes, future research should examine mental health problems among official language minority groups provincially to help stakeholders in directing resources and programs to populations in most need.

  19. Method and apparatus for determining the coordinates of an object

    DOEpatents

    Pedersen, Paul S; Sebring, Robert

    2003-01-01

    A method and apparatus is described for determining the coordinates on the surface of an object which is illuminated by a beam having pixels which have been modulated according to predetermined mathematical relationships with pixel position within the modulator. The reflected illumination is registered by an image sensor at a known location which registers the intensity of the pixels as received. Computations on the intensity, which relate the pixel intensities received to the pixel intensities transmitted at the modulator, yield the proportional loss of intensity and planar position of the originating pixels. The proportional loss and position information can then be utilized within triangulation equations to resolve the coordinates of associated surface locations on the object.

  20. Quicky location determination based on geographic keywords of natural language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Danhuai; Cui, Weihong

    2007-06-01

    In location determination based on natural language, it is common to find the location by describing relationship between the undetermined position and one or several determined position. That indicates that the uncertainty of location determination processing is derived from the one of natural language procedure, the one of spatial position description and the one of spatial relationship description. Most of current researches and regular GIS software take certainty as prerequisite and try to avoid uncertainty and its influence. The research reported in this paper is an attempt to create a new combing method of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Fuzzy set theory and spatial information science named Quickly Location Determination based on Geographic Keywords (QLDGK) to rise to the challenge of location searching technique based on natural language. QLDGK have two technical gists. The first one is geographic-keywords-library and special natural-language-separation-model-library that increases the language processing efficiency. The second one is fuzzy theory based definition of spatial relationship, spatial metric and spatial orientation that extends the searching scope and defines variant confidences on variant searching outcome. QLDGK takes consideration on both higher query efficiency and the lower omission rate. The above method has been proved workable and efficient by QLDGK prototype system which was tested by about 12000 emergency call reports from K-city, Southwest of China, and achieved the test result with 78% accuracy in highest confidence and 8% omitting ration.

  1. Reporting presence or absence of named objects by a language-trained dolphin.

    PubMed

    Herman, L M; Forestell, P H

    1985-01-01

    Referential "reporting" was defined as the transmission of information about the presence or absence of symbolically-referenced real-world objects. In Experiment 1 two bottlenosed dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), trained in earlier studies to carry out instructions conveyed by imperative sentences expressed in artificial gestural or acoustic languages, each gave spontaneous indications that an object referenced in an imperative was absent from their tank. In Experiment 2 the dolphin tutored in the gestural language was taught to make explicit reports of object absence by pressing a "No" paddle in response to imperatives referencing an absent object. Absence was reported correctly on 84% of 97 missing-object probes inserted at random intervals among 598 sentences referring to objects that were present. Reports were typically made after active search of the tank for an average of 15.0 sec. False reports, that objects present were absent, were few (7.5%). In Experiment 3, the dolphin was taught an interrogative sentence form that enabled us to ask direct questions about the presence or absence of specific objects. Responses by the dolphin on the No paddle indicated absence, while responses on a "Yes" paddle indicated presence. From one to three objects were shown the dolphin and then placed in the tank in a discrete-trial procedure. In response to the interrogative, reports or object presence or absence were better than 91% correct with a single object in the tank and either that object or some other object referenced; accuracy declined to 72-78% correct with three objects present, but was still well above chance. Several lines of evidence suggested that the dolphin was attempting to remember which objects it had been shown, rather than conducting an active environmental search as in Experiment 2. The memory strategy became less efficient as the number of objects to be remembered increased. Overall, the results evidenced the language-trained dolphin's understanding of

  2. Looking at anything that is green when hearing "frog": how object surface colour and stored object colour knowledge influence language-mediated overt attention.

    PubMed

    Huettig, Falk; Altmann, Gerry T M

    2011-01-01

    Three eye-tracking experiments investigated the influence of stored colour knowledge, perceived surface colour, and conceptual category of visual objects on language-mediated overt attention. Participants heard spoken target words whose concepts are associated with a diagnostic colour (e.g., "spinach"; spinach is typically green) while their eye movements were monitored to (a) objects associated with a diagnostic colour but presented in black and white (e.g., a black-and-white line drawing of a frog), (b) objects associated with a diagnostic colour but presented in an appropriate but atypical colour (e.g., a colour photograph of a yellow frog), and (c) objects not associated with a diagnostic colour but presented in the diagnostic colour of the target concept (e.g., a green blouse; blouses are not typically green). We observed that colour-mediated shifts in overt attention are primarily due to the perceived surface attributes of the visual objects rather than stored knowledge about the typical colour of the object. In addition our data reveal that conceptual category information is the primary determinant of overt attention if both conceptual category and surface colour competitors are copresent in the visual environment.

  3. Determination of feature generation methods for PTZ camera object tracking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doyle, Daniel D.; Black, Jonathan T.

    2012-06-01

    Object detection and tracking using computer vision (CV) techniques have been widely applied to sensor fusion applications. Many papers continue to be written that speed up performance and increase learning of artificially intelligent systems through improved algorithms, workload distribution, and information fusion. Military application of real-time tracking systems is becoming more and more complex with an ever increasing need of fusion and CV techniques to actively track and control dynamic systems. Examples include the use of metrology systems for tracking and measuring micro air vehicles (MAVs) and autonomous navigation systems for controlling MAVs. This paper seeks to contribute to the determination of select tracking algorithms that best track a moving object using a pan/tilt/zoom (PTZ) camera applicable to both of the examples presented. The select feature generation algorithms compared in this paper are the trained Scale-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and Speeded Up Robust Features (SURF), the Mixture of Gaussians (MoG) background subtraction method, the Lucas- Kanade optical flow method (2000) and the Farneback optical flow method (2003). The matching algorithm used in this paper for the trained feature generation algorithms is the Fast Library for Approximate Nearest Neighbors (FLANN). The BSD licensed OpenCV library is used extensively to demonstrate the viability of each algorithm and its performance. Initial testing is performed on a sequence of images using a stationary camera. Further testing is performed on a sequence of images such that the PTZ camera is moving in order to capture the moving object. Comparisons are made based upon accuracy, speed and memory.

  4. Identity as the Primary Determinant of Language Choice in Valencia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrer, Raquel Casesnoves; Sankoff, David

    2003-01-01

    Examines the determinants of language choice using sociodemographic, behavioral, and ideological data on a sample of 180 high school students in the city of Valencia, Spain and the neighboring town of Xativa. Evaluates the relative importance of sociodemographic and ideological factors on the choice of Valencian or Castilian in several contexts…

  5. CANTAB object recognition and language tests to detect aging cognitive decline: an exploratory comparative study

    PubMed Central

    Cabral Soares, Fernanda; de Oliveira, Thaís Cristina Galdino; de Macedo, Liliane Dias e Dias; Tomás, Alessandra Mendonça; Picanço-Diniz, Domingos Luiz Wanderley; Bento-Torres, João; Bento-Torres, Natáli Valim Oliver; Picanço-Diniz, Cristovam Wanderley

    2015-01-01

    Objective The recognition of the limits between normal and pathological aging is essential to start preventive actions. The aim of this paper is to compare the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) and language tests to distinguish subtle differences in cognitive performances in two different age groups, namely young adults and elderly cognitively normal subjects. Method We selected 29 young adults (29.9±1.06 years) and 31 older adults (74.1±1.15 years) matched by educational level (years of schooling). All subjects underwent a general assessment and a battery of neuropsychological tests, including the Mini Mental State Examination, visuospatial learning, and memory tasks from CANTAB and language tests. Cluster and discriminant analysis were applied to all neuropsychological test results to distinguish possible subgroups inside each age group. Results Significant differences in the performance of aged and young adults were detected in both language and visuospatial memory tests. Intragroup cluster and discriminant analysis revealed that CANTAB, as compared to language tests, was able to detect subtle but significant differences between the subjects. Conclusion Based on these findings, we concluded that, as compared to language tests, large-scale application of automated visuospatial tests to assess learning and memory might increase our ability to discern the limits between normal and pathological aging. PMID:25565785

  6. Determiner selection in romance languages: evidence from French.

    PubMed

    Foucart, Alice; Branigan, Holly P; Bard, Ellen G

    2010-11-01

    Determiner selection requires the retrieval of the noun's syntactic features (e.g., gender) and sometimes of its phonological features. Miozzo and Caramazza (1999) argued that the selection of determiners in Germanic languages is more straightforward than in Romance languages because it is not dependent on the phonological properties of the following word. In the present study, we used the picture-word interference paradigm to investigate the dependency of the determiner on the noun's features in French. In 3 experiments, we found a gender congruency effect at +200 stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA), indicating that participants were slower to produce the name of a picture (determiner + noun) when the picture-word pair was incongruent in gender than when it was congruent. We failed to replicate this effect at 0 SOA, in line with previous studies (Alario & Caramazza, 2002). Our results suggest that the features involved in determiner selection are not language specific but rather are specific to the determiner system. (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved

  7. Improved Space Object Orbit Determination Using CMOS Detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schildknecht, T.; Peltonen, J.; Sännti, T.; Silha, J.; Flohrer, T.

    2014-09-01

    CMOS-sensors, or in general Active Pixel Sensors (APS), are rapidly replacing CCDs in the consumer camera market. Due to significant technological advances during the past years these devices start to compete with CCDs also for demanding scientific imaging applications, in particular in the astronomy community. CMOS detectors offer a series of inherent advantages compared to CCDs, due to the structure of their basic pixel cells, which each contains their own amplifier and readout electronics. The most prominent advantages for space object observations are the extremely fast and flexible readout capabilities, feasibility for electronic shuttering and precise epoch registration, and the potential to perform image processing operations on-chip and in real-time. The major challenges and design drivers for ground-based and space-based optical observation strategies have been analyzed. CMOS detector characteristics were critically evaluated and compared with the established CCD technology, especially with respect to the above mentioned observations. Similarly, the desirable on-chip processing functionalities which would further enhance the object detection and image segmentation were identified. Finally, we simulated several observation scenarios for ground- and space-based sensor by assuming different observation and sensor properties. We will introduce the analyzed end-to-end simulations of the ground- and space-based strategies in order to investigate the orbit determination accuracy and its sensitivity which may result from different values for the frame-rate, pixel scale, astrometric and epoch registration accuracies. Two cases were simulated, a survey using a ground-based sensor to observe objects in LEO for surveillance applications, and a statistical survey with a space-based sensor orbiting in LEO observing small-size debris in LEO. The ground-based LEO survey uses a dynamical fence close to the Earth shadow a few hours after sunset. For the space-based scenario

  8. Determining root correspondence between previously and newly detected objects

    DOEpatents

    Paglieroni, David W.; Beer, N Reginald

    2014-06-17

    A system that applies attribute and topology based change detection to networks of objects that were detected on previous scans of a structure, roadway, or area of interest. The attributes capture properties or characteristics of the previously detected objects, such as location, time of detection, size, elongation, orientation, etc. The topology of the network of previously detected objects is maintained in a constellation database that stores attributes of previously detected objects and implicitly captures the geometrical structure of the network. A change detection system detects change by comparing the attributes and topology of new objects detected on the latest scan to the constellation database of previously detected objects.

  9. Deep Multimodal Embedding: Manipulating Novel Objects with Point-clouds, Language and Trajectories

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-25

    Deep Multimodal Embedding: Manipulating Novel Objects with Point-clouds, Language and Trajectories Jaeyong Sung, Ian Lenz, and Ashutosh Saxena...space using a deep neural network. In order to learn semantically meaningful spaces throughout our network, we introduce a method for pre-training...push pull handle lever fillstove stopcup control towards Fig. 1. Deep Multimodal Embedding: Our deep neural network learns to embed both

  10. GELLO: An Object-Oriented Query and Expression Language for Clinical Decision Support

    PubMed Central

    Sordo, Margarita; Ogunyemi, Omolola; Boxwala, Aziz A.; Greenes, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    GELLO is a purpose-specific, object-oriented (OO) query and expression language [1]. GELLO is the result of a concerted effort of the Decision Systems Group (DSG) working with the HL7 Clinical Decision Support Technical Committee (CDSTC) to provide the HL7 community with a common format for data encoding and manipulation. GELLO will soon be submitted for ballot to the HL7 CDSTC for consideration as a standard. PMID:14728515

  11. Detecting Target Objects by Natural Language Instructions Using an RGB-D Camera

    PubMed Central

    Bao, Jiatong; Jia, Yunyi; Cheng, Yu; Tang, Hongru; Xi, Ning

    2016-01-01

    Controlling robots by natural language (NL) is increasingly attracting attention for its versatility, convenience and no need of extensive training for users. Grounding is a crucial challenge of this problem to enable robots to understand NL instructions from humans. This paper mainly explores the object grounding problem and concretely studies how to detect target objects by the NL instructions using an RGB-D camera in robotic manipulation applications. In particular, a simple yet robust vision algorithm is applied to segment objects of interest. With the metric information of all segmented objects, the object attributes and relations between objects are further extracted. The NL instructions that incorporate multiple cues for object specifications are parsed into domain-specific annotations. The annotations from NL and extracted information from the RGB-D camera are matched in a computational state estimation framework to search all possible object grounding states. The final grounding is accomplished by selecting the states which have the maximum probabilities. An RGB-D scene dataset associated with different groups of NL instructions based on different cognition levels of the robot are collected. Quantitative evaluations on the dataset illustrate the advantages of the proposed method. The experiments of NL controlled object manipulation and NL-based task programming using a mobile manipulator show its effectiveness and practicability in robotic applications. PMID:27983604

  12. Detecting Target Objects by Natural Language Instructions Using an RGB-D Camera.

    PubMed

    Bao, Jiatong; Jia, Yunyi; Cheng, Yu; Tang, Hongru; Xi, Ning

    2016-12-13

    Controlling robots by natural language (NL) is increasingly attracting attention for its versatility, convenience and no need of extensive training for users. Grounding is a crucial challenge of this problem to enable robots to understand NL instructions from humans. This paper mainly explores the object grounding problem and concretely studies how to detect target objects by the NL instructions using an RGB-D camera in robotic manipulation applications. In particular, a simple yet robust vision algorithm is applied to segment objects of interest. With the metric information of all segmented objects, the object attributes and relations between objects are further extracted. The NL instructions that incorporate multiple cues for object specifications are parsed into domain-specific annotations. The annotations from NL and extracted information from the RGB-D camera are matched in a computational state estimation framework to search all possible object grounding states. The final grounding is accomplished by selecting the states which have the maximum probabilities. An RGB-D scene dataset associated with different groups of NL instructions based on different cognition levels of the robot are collected. Quantitative evaluations on the dataset illustrate the advantages of the proposed method. The experiments of NL controlled object manipulation and NL-based task programming using a mobile manipulator show its effectiveness and practicability in robotic applications.

  13. Object shape and orientation do not routinely influence performance during language processing.

    PubMed

    Rommers, Joost; Meyer, Antje S; Huettig, Falk

    2013-11-01

    The role of visual representations during language processing remains unclear: They could be activated as a necessary part of the comprehension process, or they could be less crucial and influence performance in a task-dependent manner. In the present experiments, participants read sentences about an object. The sentences implied that the object had a specific shape or orientation. They then either named a picture of that object (Experiments 1 and 3) or decided whether the object had been mentioned in the sentence (Experiment 2). Orientation information did not reliably influence performance in any of the experiments. Shape representations influenced performance most strongly when participants were asked to compare a sentence with a picture or when they were explicitly asked to use mental imagery while reading the sentences. Thus, in contrast to previous claims, implied visual information often does not contribute substantially to the comprehension process during normal reading.

  14. A simple objective method for determining a dynamic journal collection.

    PubMed

    Bastille, J D; Mankin, C J

    1980-10-01

    In order to determine the content of a journal collection responsive to both user needs and space and dollar constraints, quantitative measures of the use of a 647-title collection have been related to space and cost requirements to develop objective criteria for a dynamic collection for the Treadwell Library at the Massachusetts General Hospital, a large medical research center. Data were collected for one calendar year (1977) and stored with the elements for each title's profile in a computerized file. To account for the effect of the bulk of the journal runs on the number of uses, raw use data have been adjusted using linear shelf space required for each title to produce a factor called density of use. Titles have been ranked by raw use and by density of use with space and cost requirements for each. Data have also been analyzed for five special categories of use. Given automated means of collecting and storing data, use measures should be collected continuously. Using raw use frequency ranking to relate use to space and costs seems sensible since a decision point cutoff can be chosen in terms of the potential interlibrary loans generated. But it places new titles at risk while protecting titles with long, little used runs. Basing decisions on density of use frequency ranking seems to produce a larger yield of titles with fewer potential interlibrary loans and to identify titles with overlong runs which may be pruned or converted to microform. The method developed is simple and practical. Its design will be improved to apply to data collected in 1980 for a continuous study of journal use. The problem addressed is essentially one of inventory control. Viewed as such it makes good financial sense to measure use as part of the routine operation of the library to provide information for effective management decisions.

  15. Atypical Right Hemisphere Specialization for Object Representations in an Adolescent with Specific Language Impairment

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Timothy T.; Erhart, Matthew; Avesar, Daniel; Dale, Anders M.; Halgren, Eric; Evans, Julia L.

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with a diagnosis of specific language impairment (SLI) show abnormal spoken language occurring alongside normal non-verbal abilities. Behaviorally, people with SLI exhibit diverse profiles of impairment involving phonological, grammatical, syntactic, and semantic aspects of language. In this study, we used a multimodal neuroimaging technique called anatomically constrained magnetoencephalography (aMEG) to measure the dynamic functional brain organization of an adolescent with SLI. Using single-subject statistical maps of cortical activity, we compared this patient to a sibling and to a cohort of typically developing subjects during the performance of tasks designed to evoke semantic representations of concrete objects. Localized patterns of brain activity within the language impaired patient showed marked differences from the typical functional organization, with significant engagement of right hemisphere heteromodal cortical regions generally homotopic to the left hemisphere areas that usually show the greatest activity for such tasks. Functional neuroanatomical differences were evident at early sensoriperceptual processing stages and continued through later cognitive stages, observed specifically at latencies typically associated with semantic encoding operations. Our findings show with real-time temporal specificity evidence for an atypical right hemisphere specialization for the representation of concrete entities, independent of verbal motor demands. More broadly, our results demonstrate the feasibility and potential utility of using aMEG to characterize individual patient differences in the dynamic functional organization of the brain. PMID:24592231

  16. Complexity constrained rate-distortion optimization of sign language video using an objective intelligibility metric

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciaramello, Frank M.; Hemami, Sheila S.

    2008-01-01

    Sign language users are eager for the freedom and convenience of video communication over cellular devices. Compression of sign language video in this setting offers unique challenges. The low bitrates available make encoding decisions extremely important, while the power constraints of the device limit the encoder complexity. The ultimate goal is to maximize the intelligibility of the conversation given the rate-constrained cellular channel and power constrained encoding device. This paper uses an objective measure of intelligibility, based on subjective testing with members of the Deaf community, for rate-distortion optimization of sign language video within the H.264 framework. Performance bounds are established by using the intelligibility metric in a Lagrangian cost function along with a trellis search to make optimal mode and quantizer decisions for each macroblock. The optimal QP values are analyzed and the unique structure of sign language is exploited in order to reduce complexity by three orders of magnitude relative to the trellis search technique with no loss in rate-distortion performance. Further reductions in complexity are made by eliminating rarely occuring modes in the encoding process. The low complexity SL optimization technique increases the measured intelligibility up to 3.5 dB, at fixed rates, and reduces rate by as much as 60% at fixed levels of intelligibility with respect to a rate control algorithm designed for aesthetic distortion as measured by MSE.

  17. Integrating Language-and-Culture Teaching: An Investigation of Spanish Teachers' Perceptions of the Objectives of Foreign Language Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castro, Paloma; Sercu, Lies; Mendez Garcia, Maria del Carmen

    2004-01-01

    A recent shift has been noticeable in foreign language education theory. Previously, foreign languages were taught as a linguistic code. This then shifted to teaching that code against the sociocultural background of, primarily, one country in which the foreign language is spoken as a national language. More recently, teaching has reflected on…

  18. Semantic framework for mapping object-oriented model to semantic web languages

    PubMed Central

    Ježek, Petr; Mouček, Roman

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with and discusses two main approaches in building semantic structures for electrophysiological metadata. It is the use of conventional data structures, repositories, and programming languages on one hand and the use of formal representations of ontologies, known from knowledge representation, such as description logics or semantic web languages on the other hand. Although knowledge engineering offers languages supporting richer semantic means of expression and technological advanced approaches, conventional data structures and repositories are still popular among developers, administrators and users because of their simplicity, overall intelligibility, and lower demands on technical equipment. The choice of conventional data resources and repositories, however, raises the question of how and where to add semantics that cannot be naturally expressed using them. As one of the possible solutions, this semantics can be added into the structures of the programming language that accesses and processes the underlying data. To support this idea we introduced a software prototype that enables its users to add semantically richer expressions into a Java object-oriented code. This approach does not burden users with additional demands on programming environment since reflective Java annotations were used as an entry for these expressions. Moreover, additional semantics need not to be written by the programmer directly to the code, but it can be collected from non-programmers using a graphic user interface. The mapping that allows the transformation of the semantically enriched Java code into the Semantic Web language OWL was proposed and implemented in a library named the Semantic Framework. This approach was validated by the integration of the Semantic Framework in the EEG/ERP Portal and by the subsequent registration of the EEG/ERP Portal in the Neuroscience Information Framework. PMID:25762923

  19. Semantic framework for mapping object-oriented model to semantic web languages.

    PubMed

    Ježek, Petr; Mouček, Roman

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with and discusses two main approaches in building semantic structures for electrophysiological metadata. It is the use of conventional data structures, repositories, and programming languages on one hand and the use of formal representations of ontologies, known from knowledge representation, such as description logics or semantic web languages on the other hand. Although knowledge engineering offers languages supporting richer semantic means of expression and technological advanced approaches, conventional data structures and repositories are still popular among developers, administrators and users because of their simplicity, overall intelligibility, and lower demands on technical equipment. The choice of conventional data resources and repositories, however, raises the question of how and where to add semantics that cannot be naturally expressed using them. As one of the possible solutions, this semantics can be added into the structures of the programming language that accesses and processes the underlying data. To support this idea we introduced a software prototype that enables its users to add semantically richer expressions into a Java object-oriented code. This approach does not burden users with additional demands on programming environment since reflective Java annotations were used as an entry for these expressions. Moreover, additional semantics need not to be written by the programmer directly to the code, but it can be collected from non-programmers using a graphic user interface. The mapping that allows the transformation of the semantically enriched Java code into the Semantic Web language OWL was proposed and implemented in a library named the Semantic Framework. This approach was validated by the integration of the Semantic Framework in the EEG/ERP Portal and by the subsequent registration of the EEG/ERP Portal in the Neuroscience Information Framework.

  20. Subjective and Objective Assessment of Foreign Language Performance: Discussion and Some Experimental Findings. Work Papers from the Language Teaching Research Center, No. 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oskarsson, Mats

    The first part of the paper presents theoretical arguments in favor of more student-centered approaches to the evaluation of progress in foreign language learning. It is argued that subective self-assessment procedures are not necessarily less reliable than objective tests and that the language student cannot assume full responsibility for the…

  1. 3-D Object Pose Determination Using Complex EGI

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-10-01

    IKEG1 ji = 0. . .. 12 4.1 Tesselated pentakis dodecahedron ..... ....................... 19 4.2 First composite object used for testing... dodecahedron (tesselated pentakis dodecahedron ) as shown in Fig. 4.1. The normal direction space is discretized into 240 cells as well. The CEGI weights are...deviation of the error distribution.) 18 Figure 4. 1: Tesselated pentakis dodecahedron Figure 4.2: First composite object used for testing 19 Figure

  2. Determination of crossed language dominance: dissociation of language lateralization within the temporoparietal cortex.

    PubMed

    Jansen, Andreas; Müller, Stephanie; Bedenbender, Johannes; Krach, Sören; Paulus, Frieder M; Kircher, Tilo; Sommer, Jens

    2013-08-01

    'Crossed language dominance' is a rare form of language lateralization, characterized by a dissociation of anterior and posterior language regions. We present the case of a healthy subject whose language lateralization pattern, as assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging, is reliably characterized as crossed language dominance based on a word generation task, but typical left-lateralized when a semantic decision task is applied. A single language task is therefore not sufficient to characterize language lateralization, at least not for subjects with rare forms of language dominance. In the pre-surgical diagnostic of language lateralization, several language tasks tapping into different aspects of language functions should be applied.

  3. The application of the unified modeling language in object-oriented analysis of healthcare information systems.

    PubMed

    Aggarwal, Vinod

    2002-10-01

    This paper concerns itself with the beneficial effects of the Unified Modeling Language (UML), a nonproprietary object modeling standard, in specifying, visualizing, constructing, documenting, and communicating the model of a healthcare information system from the user's perspective. The author outlines the process of object-oriented analysis (OOA) using the UML and illustrates this with healthcare examples to demonstrate the practicality of application of the UML by healthcare personnel to real-world information system problems. The UML will accelerate advanced uses of object-orientation such as reuse technology, resulting in significantly higher software productivity. The UML is also applicable in the context of a component paradigm that promises to enhance the capabilities of healthcare information systems and simplify their management and maintenance.

  4. Determinants of novel object and location recognition during development.

    PubMed

    Jablonski, S A; Schreiber, W B; Westbrook, S R; Brennan, L E; Stanton, M E

    2013-11-01

    In the novel object recognition (OR) paradigm, rats are placed in an arena where they encounter two sample objects during a familiarization phase. A few minutes later, they are returned to the same arena and are presented with a familiar object and a novel object. The object location recognition (OL) variant involves the same familiarization procedure but during testing one of the familiar objects is placed in a novel location. Normal adult rats are able to perform both the OR and OL tasks, as indicated by enhanced exploration of the novel vs. the familiar test item. Rats with hippocampal lesions perform the OR but not OL task indicating a role of spatial memory in OL. Recently, these tasks have been used to study the ontogeny of spatial memory but the literature has yielded conflicting results. The current experiments add to this literature by: (1) behaviorally characterizing these paradigms in postnatal day (PD) 21, 26 and 31-day-old rats; (2) examining the role of NMDA systems in OR vs. OL; and (3) investigating the effects of neonatal alcohol exposure on both tasks. Results indicate that normal-developing rats are able to perform OR and OL by PD21, with greater novelty exploration in the OR task at each age. Second, memory acquisition in the OL but not OR task requires NMDA receptor function in juvenile rats [corrected]. Lastly, neonatal alcohol exposure does not disrupt performance in either task. Implications for the ontogeny of incidental spatial learning and its disruption by developmental alcohol exposure are discussed.

  5. Fishy Fishes: The Typicality of Object Stimuli Used to Assess Children's Language in the Reynell Development Language Scales--III

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Syrnyk, Corinne; Meints, Kerstin

    2012-01-01

    Background: Numerous studies show clear evidence that children display typicality effects during early word learning. However, little is known of the typicality of stimuli used by standardized language tests to assess children's language development. Aims: To examine the typicality of stimuli used by the Reynell Developmental Language Scales--III…

  6. Fishy Fishes: The Typicality of Object Stimuli Used to Assess Children's Language in the Reynell Development Language Scales--III

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Syrnyk, Corinne; Meints, Kerstin

    2012-01-01

    Background: Numerous studies show clear evidence that children display typicality effects during early word learning. However, little is known of the typicality of stimuli used by standardized language tests to assess children's language development. Aims: To examine the typicality of stimuli used by the Reynell Developmental Language Scales--III…

  7. Matrix Determination of Reflectance of Hidden Object via Indirect Photography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    figure(1) colormap (bone) imagesc(ObjView) %% Define S2 positions L1y=15.5; x2min=3; x2max=7; x2step=(x2max-x2min)/(Resolution); CenterX=5... colormap (bone) 55 %imagesc(BRDFMat) DarkSum=0; for i=1:ObjectCols if mod(floor(i/(Restart+.001)),2)==0; %if column corresponds to odd

  8. Using Norm-Referenced Tests to Determine Severity of Language Impairment in Children: Disconnect between U.S. Policy Makers and Test Developers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaulding, Tammie J.; Szulga, Margaret Swartwout; Figueroa, Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify various U.S. state education departments' criteria for determining the severity of language impairment in children, with particular focus on the use of norm-referenced tests. A secondary objective was to determine if norm-referenced tests of child language were developed for the purpose of…

  9. Verbal inflection, articles and object clitics in Italian specific language impairment.

    PubMed

    Junyent, Andrea Anahí; Levorato, Maria Chiara; Denes, Gianfranco

    2010-11-01

    Morphosyntactic skills in spontaneous and elicited production of a 7-year-old boy with specific language impairment (SLI) were examined and compared to those of younger, mean length of utterance (MLU)-matched, typically-developing children. This study focused on inflectional phrase structures as well as complex constructions in order to investigate hypotheses which suggest verbal inflection is a key deficit underlying SLI. It analysed the most affected morphemes in Italian: articles and direct and indirect object clitics. A deficit was found in verbal inflection as well as in articles and object clitics. The difficulties with verbal inflection found were expected given the child's MLU. Problems with articles and clitics were unexpected for MLU, presenting a challenge for hypotheses that focus on verbal inflection.

  10. Uniformizing Rational Relations for Natural Language Applications Using Weighted Determinization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Howard Johnson, J.

    Rational functions have many applications in natural language processing. Specifying them can be difficult since many of the techniques over-generalize and incorrect transformations need to be removed or avoided. Uniformization is the process of restricting a rational relation to make it single-valued while preserving its domain. One way of doing this is to use weighted determinization with an appropriate semiring to produce a subsequential transducer when this is possible. A basic algorithm using the genealogical minimum as the selection process is discussed with a motivating example.

  11. Space Object Temperature Determination from Multi-Band Infrared Measurements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-16

    equivalent isophotal emissions. Resident Space Objects; Infrared Observations UNL UNL UNL UNL 9 Kathleen E. Kraemer 781-377-7377 Reset INSTRUCTIONS FOR...show that the characteristic parameters are more consistent with the Planck function model when expressed as their equivalent isophotal emissions...Calculations. Sensor Band Minimum Wavelength (μm) Maximum Wavelength (μm) Isophotal Wavelength (μm) A 5.88 11.19 8.28 C 10.53 13.70 12.13 D 12.66

  12. Power spectral density changes and language lateralization during covert object naming tasks measured with high-density EEG recordings.

    PubMed

    Ramon, C; Holmes, M; Freeman, Walter J; Gratkowski, Maciej; Eriksen, K J; Haueisen, Jens

    2009-01-01

    Our objective was to study changes in EEG time-domain power spectral density (PSDt) and localization of language areas during covert object naming tasks in human subjects with epilepsy. EEG data for subjects with epilepsy were acquired during the covert object naming tasks using a net of 256 electrodes. The trials required each subject to provide the names of common objects presented every 4 seconds on slides. Each trial comprised the 1.0 second before and 3.0 seconds after initial object presentation. PSDt values at baseline and during tasks were calculated in the theta, alpha, beta, low gamma, and high gamma bands. The spatial contour plots reveal that PSDt values during object naming were 10-20% higher than the baseline values for different bands. Language was lateralized to left frontal or temporal areas. In all cases, the Wada test disclosed language lateralization to the left hemisphere as well.

  13. Multiple object redshift determinations in clusters of galaxies using OCTOPUS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazure, A.; Proust, D.; Sodre, L.; Lund, G.; Capelato, H.

    1987-03-01

    The ESO multiobject facility, Octopus, was used to observe a sample of galaxy clusters such as SC2008-565 in an attempt to collect a large set of individual radial velocities. A dispersion of 114 A/mm was used, providing spectral coverage from 3800 to 5180 A. Octopus was found to be a well-adapted instrument for the rapid and simultaneous determination of redshifts in cataloged galaxy clusters.

  14. Multiple object redshift determinations in clusters of galaxies using OCTOPUS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazure, A.; Proust, D.; Sodre, L.; Capelato, H. V.; Lund, G.

    1988-04-01

    The ESO multiobject facility, Octopus, was used to observe a sample of galaxy clusters such as SC2008-565 in an attempt to collect a large set of individual radial velocities. A dispersion of 114 A/mm was used, providing spectral coverage from 3800 to 5180 A. Octopus was found to be a well-adapted instrument for the rapid and simultaneous determination of redshifts in cataloged galaxy clusters.

  15. Shape determination of unidimensional objects: the virtual image correlation method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Francois, M.; Semin, B.; Auradou, H.; Vatteville, J.

    2010-06-01

    The proposed method, named Virtual Image Correlation, allows one to identify an analytical expression of the shape of a curvilinear object from its image. It uses a virtual beam, whose curvature field is expressed as a truncated mathematical series. The virtual beam width only needs to be close to the physical one; its gray level (in the transverse direction) is bell-shaped. The method consists in finding the coefficients of the series for which the correlation between physical and virtual beams is the best. The accuracy and the robustness of the method is shown by the mean of two examples. The first details a Young’s modulus identification from a cantilever beam image. The second is relative to a thermal plume image, that have a weak contrast and a lot of noise.

  16. Determining the Association between Language and Cognitive Tests in Poststroke Aphasia.

    PubMed

    Wall, Kylie J; Cumming, Toby B; Copland, David A

    2017-01-01

    Individuals with aphasia are often excluded from studies exploring poststroke cognition because so many of the standard cognitive assessments rely on language ability. Our primary objective was to examine the association between performance on cognitive tests and performance on comprehension and naming tests in poststroke aphasia. Second, we aimed to determine the association between language performance and a real-life measure of cognition (Kettle Test). Third, we explored the feasibility of administering cognitive tests in aphasia. Thirty-six participants with poststroke aphasia and 32 controls were assessed on a battery of pen-and-paper cognitive tests recommended in stroke. Auditory comprehension was measured using the Comprehensive Aphasia Test and naming was measured using the Boston Naming Test. Twenty-two community dwelling participants with aphasia and controls were also asked to complete the Kettle Test. Multiple linear regressions were used to explore the relationship between language performance and performance on the cognitive tests. Feasibility was determined by quantifying missing data. The cognitive tests with the highest variance accounted for by auditory comprehension and naming were animal fluency (R(2) = 0.67, R(2) = 0.78) and the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (recognition discrimination index) (R(2) = 0.65, R(2) = 0.78). All cognitive tests were significantly associated with auditory comprehension and naming, except for the Star Cancellation Test and the Kettle Test. Thirty-three percent of participants with aphasia were unable to complete all the cognitive tests. Language and non-linguistic cognitive processes are often interrelated. Most pen-and-paper cognitive tests were significantly associated with both auditory comprehension and naming, even in tests that do not require a verbal response. Language performance was not significantly associated with a real-life cognitive performance measure. Task instructions, stimuli, and responses

  17. A rating scale for the assessment of objective and subjective formal Thought and Language Disorder (TALD).

    PubMed

    Kircher, Tilo; Krug, Axel; Stratmann, Mirjam; Ghazi, Sayed; Schales, Christian; Frauenheim, Michael; Turner, Lena; Fährmann, Paul; Hornig, Tobias; Katzev, Michael; Grosvald, Michael; Müller-Isberner, Rüdiger; Nagels, Arne

    2014-12-01

    Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a core syndrome of schizophrenia. However, patients with other diagnoses, such as mania and depression amongst others, also present with FTD. We introduce a novel, comprehensive clinical rating scale, capturing the full variety of FTD phenomenology including subjective experiences. The 30-item Thought and Language Disorder (TALD) scale is based on a detailed review of the literature, encompassing all formal thought disorder symptoms reported from the early 20th century onwards. Objectively observable symptoms as well as subjective phenomena were included. Two hundred and ten participants (146 patients ICD-10 diagnoses: depression n=63, schizophrenia n=63, mania n=20; 64 healthy control subjects) were interviewed and symptoms rated with the TALD, TLC, HAMD, YMRS and SAPS/SANS. A principal component analyses was performed for the TALD to differentiate sub-syndromes. The principal component analysis revealed four FTD factors; objective and subjective as well as positive and negative factor dimensions. The correlation analyses with the TLC and the SAPS/SANS FTD sub-scores demonstrated the factor validity for the objective factors. The different diagnoses showed a distinct pattern of symptom severity in each of the factors, with mania patients exhibiting the highest value in the positive, objective dimension. The scale showed good psychometric results, which makes it a practicable, nosologically-open instrument for the detailed assessment of all FTD dimensions. The results strengthen the importance of subjective symptom assessment reported by the patient.

  18. ERPs reveal atypical processing of subject versus object Wh-questions in children with specific language impairment

    PubMed Central

    Epstein, Baila; Hestvik, Arild; Shafer, Valerie L.; Schwartz, Richard G.

    2013-01-01

    Background Children with specific language impairment (SLI) show particular difficulty comprehending and producing object (Who did the bear follow?) relative to subject (Who followed the tiger?) wh-questions. Aims To determine if school-age children with SLI, relative to children with typical development (TD), show a more distinct unevenness, or asymmetry, in the comprehension of these questions. In addition, this study examined whether the sustained left-anterior negativity (LAN) in event-related potentials (ERP) could be used as a marker for atypical processing of these questions in children with SLI. The LAN effect signals the greater working memory processes for maintaining in memory the dislocated object in object wh-questions and reflects working memory capacity in adults. It was predicted that the amplitude of the LAN would be greater in children with SLI, reflecting the characteristic low working memory capacity in this population. The concomitance of these behavioural and electrophysiological effects would suggest that the subject–object asymmetry in SLI should be investigated in relation to poor working memory skills. Methods & Procedures Groups including 13 children with SLI, 17 same-age TD children and 18 normal adults completed an auditory sentence comprehension task requiring button responses while continuous electroencephalography (EEG) was collected. Accuracy for subject and object questions was calculated. The mean amplitude values of the ERP data for the wh-questions were examined to identify differential processing of subject and object questions. Outcomes & Results TD children demonstrated asymmetrical comprehension of subject and object wh-questions, whereas children with SLI comprehended both question types poorly and adults did not show subject–object asymmetry. ERP waveforms spanning the wh-dependency revealed a large and widespread sustained anterior positivity for object relative to subject questions in the TD group, indicating

  19. Language Structure Is Partly Determined by Social Structure

    PubMed Central

    Lupyan, Gary; Dale, Rick

    2010-01-01

    Background Languages differ greatly both in their syntactic and morphological systems and in the social environments in which they exist. We challenge the view that language grammars are unrelated to social environments in which they are learned and used. Methodology/Principal Findings We conducted a statistical analysis of >2,000 languages using a combination of demographic sources and the World Atlas of Language Structures— a database of structural language properties. We found strong relationships between linguistic factors related to morphological complexity, and demographic/socio-historical factors such as the number of language users, geographic spread, and degree of language contact. The analyses suggest that languages spoken by large groups have simpler inflectional morphology than languages spoken by smaller groups as measured on a variety of factors such as case systems and complexity of conjugations. Additionally, languages spoken by large groups are much more likely to use lexical strategies in place of inflectional morphology to encode evidentiality, negation, aspect, and possession. Our findings indicate that just as biological organisms are shaped by ecological niches, language structures appear to adapt to the environment (niche) in which they are being learned and used. As adults learn a language, features that are difficult for them to acquire, are less likely to be passed on to subsequent learners. Languages used for communication in large groups that include adult learners appear to have been subjected to such selection. Conversely, the morphological complexity common to languages used in small groups increases redundancy which may facilitate language learning by infants. Conclusions/Significance We hypothesize that language structures are subjected to different evolutionary pressures in different social environments. Just as biological organisms are shaped by ecological niches, language structures appear to adapt to the environment (niche) in

  20. Language structure is partly determined by social structure.

    PubMed

    Lupyan, Gary; Dale, Rick

    2010-01-20

    Languages differ greatly both in their syntactic and morphological systems and in the social environments in which they exist. We challenge the view that language grammars are unrelated to social environments in which they are learned and used. We conducted a statistical analysis of >2,000 languages using a combination of demographic sources and the World Atlas of Language Structures--a database of structural language properties. We found strong relationships between linguistic factors related to morphological complexity, and demographic/socio-historical factors such as the number of language users, geographic spread, and degree of language contact. The analyses suggest that languages spoken by large groups have simpler inflectional morphology than languages spoken by smaller groups as measured on a variety of factors such as case systems and complexity of conjugations. Additionally, languages spoken by large groups are much more likely to use lexical strategies in place of inflectional morphology to encode evidentiality, negation, aspect, and possession. Our findings indicate that just as biological organisms are shaped by ecological niches, language structures appear to adapt to the environment (niche) in which they are being learned and used. As adults learn a language, features that are difficult for them to acquire, are less likely to be passed on to subsequent learners. Languages used for communication in large groups that include adult learners appear to have been subjected to such selection. Conversely, the morphological complexity common to languages used in small groups increases redundancy which may facilitate language learning by infants. We hypothesize that language structures are subjected to different evolutionary pressures in different social environments. Just as biological organisms are shaped by ecological niches, language structures appear to adapt to the environment (niche) in which they are being learned and used. The proposed Linguistic Niche

  1. Imitation, Objects, Tools, and the Rudiments of Language in Human Ontogeny

    PubMed Central

    Meltzoff, A. N.

    2013-01-01

    Human beings are imitative generalists. We can immediately imitate a wide range of behaviors with great facility, whether they be vocal maneuvers, body postures, or actions on objects. The ontogeny of this skill has been an enduring question in developmental psychology. Classical theory holds that the ability to imitate facial gestures is a milestone that is passed at about one year. Before this time infants are thought to lack the perceptual-cognitive sophistication necessary to match a gesture they can see with one they cannot see themselves perform. A second developmental milestone is the capacity for deferred imitation, i.e. imitation of an absent model. This is said to emerge at about 18 months, in close synchrony with other higher-order activities such as object permanence and tool use, as part of a general cognitive shift from a purely sensory-motor level of functioning to one that allows language. Research suggests that the imitative capacity of young infants has been underestimated. Human infants are capable of imitating facial gestures at birth, with infants less than one day old manifesting this skill. Moreover recent experiments have established deferred imitation well before the predicted age of 18 months. Studies discussed here show that 9-month-olds can duplicate acts after a delay of 24 hours, and that 14-month-olds can retain and duplicate as many as five actions over a 1-week delay. These new findings re-raise questions about the relation between nonverbal cognitive development and language development: What aspects, if any, of these two domains are linked? A hypothesis is delineated that predicts certain very specific relations between particular cognitive and semantic achievements during the one-word stage, and data are reported supporting this hypothesis. Specifically, relations are reported between: (a) the development of object permanence and the use of words encoding disappearance, (b) means-ends understanding (as manifest in tool use) and

  2. Description and status update on GELLO: a proposed standardized object-oriented expression language for clinical decision support.

    PubMed

    Sordo, Margarita; Boxwala, Aziz A; Ogunyemi, Omolola; Greenes, Robert A

    2004-01-01

    A major obstacle to sharing computable clinical knowledge is the lack of a common language for specifying expressions and criteria. Such a language could be used to specify decision criteria, formulae, and constraints on data and action. Al-though the Arden Syntax addresses this problem for clinical rules, its generalization to HL7's object-oriented data model is limited. The GELLO Expression language is an object-oriented language used for expressing logical conditions and computations in the GLIF3 (GuideLine Interchange Format, v. 3) guideline modeling language. It has been further developed under the auspices of the HL7 Clinical Decision Support Technical Committee, as a proposed HL7 standard., GELLO is based on the Object Constraint Language (OCL), because it is vendor-independent, object-oriented, and side-effect-free. GELLO expects an object-oriented data model. Although choice of model is arbitrary, standardization is facilitated by ensuring that the data model is compatible with the HL7 Reference Information Model (RIM).

  3. Morphological Variability in Interlanguage Grammars: New Evidence from the Acquisition of Gender and Number in Italian Determiner Phrases and Direct Object Pronouns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santoro, Maurizio

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I investigate the phenomenon of morphological variability in the production of Italian determiners, descriptive adjectives, and direct object pronouns by adult English learners of Italian to determine whether morphological errors are the result of computational or representational difficulties. Second language acquisitionists do…

  4. 76 FR 56491 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso's Drawings, 1890...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Picasso's Drawings, 1890-1921..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Picasso's Drawings,...

  5. 78 FR 1916 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Impressionism, Fashion...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Impressionism, Fashion, and..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Impressionism,...

  6. 77 FR 48198 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Faking It: Manipulated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Faking It: Manipulated Photography..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Faking It: Manipulated...

  7. 75 FR 21384 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Birth of Impressionism...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Birth of Impressionism: Masterpieces... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Birth of...

  8. 77 FR 65245 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Portrait of Spain...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Portrait of Spain: Masterpieces From..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Portrait of...

  9. 76 FR 44977 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Nobility and Virtue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Nobility and Virtue: Masterpieces of Ming Loyalist Art... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Nobility and...

  10. 76 FR 59182 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Impressionism...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Impressionism: Masterworks on Paper... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Impressionism: Masterworks on Paper'' imported...

  11. 78 FR 52997 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Yoga: the Art of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Yoga: the Art of Transformation... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Yoga: the Art of Transformation,''...

  12. 78 FR 17744 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Maya: Hidden Worlds...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Maya: Hidden Worlds Revealed... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Maya: Hidden Worlds Revealed,'' imported from...

  13. 78 FR 79058 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chinese Paintings from...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chinese Paintings from Japanese..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chinese Paintings...

  14. 78 FR 61981 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Anders Zorn: Sweden's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Anders Zorn: Sweden's Master Painter... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Anders Zorn: Sweden's Master...

  15. 78 FR 79057 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gauguin: Metamorphoses”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gauguin: Metamorphoses'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition, ``Gauguin: Metamorphoses...

  16. 76 FR 38452 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “King Amenemhet II”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``King Amenemhet II'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``King Amenemhet II,''...

  17. 70 FR 43928 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Max Liebermann: From...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2005-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Max Liebermann: From Realism to... , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition, ``Max Liebermann: From...

  18. 68 FR 23172 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Max Beckmann”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2003-04-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Max Beckmann'' AGENCY: Department of... , as amended, I hereby determine that one additional object to be included in the exhibition,...

  19. 78 FR 51802 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Robert Motherwell: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Robert Motherwell: The Early..., 2003, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Robert Motherwell:...

  20. 75 FR 53012 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ivory Mirror Case”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ivory Mirror Case'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Ivory Mirror Case,''...

  1. 78 FR 28274 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Medieval Treasures from...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim,''...

  2. 77 FR 52783 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Federico Barocci...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Federico Barocci: Renaissance Master... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Federico Barocci: Renaissance...

  3. 76 FR 29286 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Pissarro's People”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Pissarro's People'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Pissarro's People,'' imported...

  4. 71 FR 47555 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Guercino: Stylistic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2006-08-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Guercino: Stylistic Evolution in... hereby determine that the art object to be included in the exhibition ``Guercino: Stylistic Evolution in...

  5. 76 FR 20802 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Capitoline Venus”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Capitoline Venus'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``The Capitoline Venus...

  6. 77 FR 77178 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Pre-Raphaelites...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Art and..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition...

  7. 78 FR 51802 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Silla: Korea's Golden...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Silla: Korea's Golden Kingdom... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Silla: Korea's Golden Kingdom,'' imported...

  8. 75 FR 53731 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Contemporary Argentine...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Contemporary Argentine Masterworks'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Contemporary Argentine...

  9. 78 FR 48216 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Balthus: Cats and Girls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Balthus: Cats and Girls--Paintings and Provocations'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Balthus: Cats and...

  10. Assessing language dominance in Mandarin-English bilinguals: Convergence and divergence between subjective and objective measures

    PubMed Central

    Sheng, Li; Lu, Ying; Gollan, Tamar H.

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the convergence and divergence between subjective and objective measures of language proficiency for assessing language dominance in Mandarin-English bilinguals. Sixty-two young adults (Experiment 1) and 27 children (Experiment 2) provided self-ratings of proficiency level (or were rated by their parents), were interviewed for spoken proficiency, and named pictures in the Multilingual Naming Test (MINT) and (in Experiment 1 only) the Boston Naming Test. In Experiment 1, the four measures converged in the number of people classified into different dominance groups but both naming tests indicated greater English dominance than self-report and interview measures. In Experiment 2, parent report and interview measures converged in dominance classifications but the MINT indicated higher degrees of English dominance. To a large extent bilinguals were able to classify themselves (or their children) into dominance groups but some mismatches between measures in dominance classification were observed for all age and dominance groups. These results, together with previous findings with Spanish-English bilingual adults (Gollan et al., 2012), suggest that bilinguals may shift to English dominance in confrontation naming before they do so in conversational fluency, and that dominance shifts persist throughout the lifespan but may be relatively more pronounced in children. These findings caution against the use of self-reports as the sole means of classifying bilinguals into dominance groups and support a multi-measure approach including direct assessment of the relevant linguistic domain. PMID:25379011

  11. Teaching computer interfacing with virtual instruments in an object-oriented language.

    PubMed Central

    Gulotta, M

    1995-01-01

    LabVIEW is a graphic object-oriented computer language developed to facilitate hardware/software communication. LabVIEW is a complete computer language that can be used like Basic, FORTRAN, or C. In LabVIEW one creates virtual instruments that aesthetically look like real instruments but are controlled by sophisticated computer programs. There are several levels of data acquisition VIs that make it easy to control data flow, and many signal processing and analysis algorithms come with the software as premade VIs. In the classroom, the similarity between virtual and real instruments helps students understand how information is passed between the computer and attached instruments. The software may be used in the absence of hardware so that students can work at home as well as in the classroom. This article demonstrates how LabVIEW can be used to control data flow between computers and instruments, points out important features for signal processing and analysis, and shows how virtual instruments may be used in place of physical instrumentation. Applications of LabVIEW to the teaching laboratory are also discussed, and a plausible course outline is given. PMID:8580361

  12. Teaching computer interfacing with virtual instruments in an object-oriented language.

    PubMed

    Gulotta, M

    1995-11-01

    LabVIEW is a graphic object-oriented computer language developed to facilitate hardware/software communication. LabVIEW is a complete computer language that can be used like Basic, FORTRAN, or C. In LabVIEW one creates virtual instruments that aesthetically look like real instruments but are controlled by sophisticated computer programs. There are several levels of data acquisition VIs that make it easy to control data flow, and many signal processing and analysis algorithms come with the software as premade VIs. In the classroom, the similarity between virtual and real instruments helps students understand how information is passed between the computer and attached instruments. The software may be used in the absence of hardware so that students can work at home as well as in the classroom. This article demonstrates how LabVIEW can be used to control data flow between computers and instruments, points out important features for signal processing and analysis, and shows how virtual instruments may be used in place of physical instrumentation. Applications of LabVIEW to the teaching laboratory are also discussed, and a plausible course outline is given.

  13. Capable Reader Program: Language Arts. Volume II. Objectives for Units B2 through B4. Bulletin No. 335.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Sandra; And Others

    Part of a curriculum series for academically gifted elementary students in the area of reading, the document presents objectives and activities for language arts instruction. There are three major objectives: (1) recognizing persuasive use of words, vague and imprecise words, multiple meanings conveyed by a single word, and propaganda techniques;…

  14. Determining Classroom Placement for First Year English Language Learner Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peña, Rodrigo H.; Maxwell, Gerri M.

    2015-01-01

    This study explores classroom placement for first year English Language Learner (ELL) students from the perspective of a dual language director and two bilingual education strategists. The study strives to interrogate classroom placement for first year ELL students whose language proficiency level is at beginning level. Through a process of coding…

  15. Strength of object representation: its key role in object-based attention for determining the competition result between Gestalt and top-down objects.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Jingjing; Wang, Yonghui; Liu, Donglai; Zhao, Liang; Liu, Peng

    2015-10-01

    It was found in previous studies that two types of objects (rectangles formed according to the Gestalt principle and Chinese words formed in a top-down fashion) can both induce an object-based effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the strength of an object representation affects the result of the competition between these two types of objects based on research carried out by Liu, Wang and Zhou [(2011) Acta Psychologica, 138(3), 397-404]. In Experiment 1, the rectangles were filled with two different colors to increase the strength of Gestalt object representation, and we found that the object effect changed significantly for the different stimulus types. Experiment 2 used Chinese words with various familiarities to manipulate the strength of the top-down object representation. As a result, the object-based effect induced by rectangles was observed only when the Chinese word familiarity was low. These results suggest that the strength of object representation determines the result of competition between different types of objects.

  16. The impact of object and gesture imitation training on language use in children with autism spectrum disorder.

    PubMed

    Ingersoll, Brooke; Lalonde, Katherine

    2010-08-01

    Reciprocal imitation training (RIT) is a naturalistic behavioral intervention that teaches imitation to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) within a social-communicative context. RIT has been shown to be effective at teaching spontaneous, generalized object and gesture imitation. In addition, improvements in imitation are associated with increases in verbal imitation and spontaneous language. This study used a modified multiple-baseline design across 4 children to examine whether adding gesture imitation training improves the overall rate of appropriate language use in children with ASD who have already been participating in object imitation training. Three of the 4 children showed greater improvements in their use of appropriate language after gesture imitation was begun. Further, the children were more likely to use verbal imitation during gesture imitation training than during object imitation training. These findings suggest that adding gesture imitation training to object imitation training can lead to greater gains in rate of language use than object imitation alone. Implications for both language development and early intervention are discussed.

  17. La langue francaise, objet de politique linguistique (The French Language, Object of Linguistic Politics).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eloy, Jean-Michel

    1994-01-01

    Discussion of politics of the French language looks at the nature of linguistic politics, offers historical perspective on French linguistic politics, and argues that, in France, language is always linked to the State. Aspects of French linguistic politics concerning the language itself and its role in everyday life are examined. (MSE)

  18. The language of objects: Christian Jürgensen Thomsen's science of the past.

    PubMed

    Eskildsen, Kasper Risbjerg

    2012-03-01

    The Danish amateur scholar Christian Jürgensen Thomsen has often been described as a founder of modern "scientific" archaeology. Thomsen's innovation, this essay argues, reflects developments within neighboring fields, such as philology and history. He reacted against historians who limited themselves to histories of texts and therefore abandoned the earliest human history. Instead, he proposed a new history of objects, which included the entire history of humankind. Thomsen's work as director of the Royal Museum of Nordic Antiquities in Copenhagen was especially important for this renewal. The arrangement of artifacts not only helped him formulate his theories, but also allowed him to present his arguments in a language of objects. At the same time, Thomsen's definition of archaeology as a museum science placed his branch of archaeology in a closer relationship with other museum sciences, such as geology and comparative anatomy. From the 1840s, Thomsen's museum became a model for how the study of human artifacts could deliver scientific insights into human nature and the laws of human development.

  19. 76 FR 12399 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Paris: Life & Luxury”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-07

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Paris: Life & Luxury'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Paris: Life & Luxury... objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians. I also...

  20. 77 FR 65245 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Late Roman and Early...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-25

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Late Roman and Early Byzantine... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Late Roman and... exhibit objects at the The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois from on or about November...

  1. Animacy Affects the Processing of Subject-Object Ambiguities in the Second Language: Evidence from Self-Paced Reading with German Second Language Learners of Dutch

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Carrie N.; Roberts, Leah

    2010-01-01

    The results of a self-paced reading study with German second language (L2) learners of Dutch showed that noun animacy affected the learners' on-line commitments when comprehending relative clauses in their L2. Earlier research has found that German L2 learners of Dutch do not show an on-line preference for subject-object word order in temporarily…

  2. Marketing data: Has the rise of impact factor led to the fall of objective language in the scientific article?

    PubMed Central

    Fraser, Véronique J; Martin, James G

    2009-01-01

    The language of science should be objective and detached and should place data in the appropriate context. The aim of this commentary was to explore the notion that recent trends in the use of language have led to a loss of objectivity in the presentation of scientific data. The relationship between the value-laden vocabulary and impact factor among fundamental biomedical research and clinical journals has been explored. It appears that fundamental research journals of high impact factors have experienced a rise in value-laden terms in the past 25 years. PMID:19432970

  3. Marketing data: has the rise of impact factor led to the fall of objective language in the scientific article?

    PubMed

    Fraser, Véronique J; Martin, James G

    2009-05-11

    The language of science should be objective and detached and should place data in the appropriate context. The aim of this commentary was to explore the notion that recent trends in the use of language have led to a loss of objectivity in the presentation of scientific data. The relationship between the value-laden vocabulary and impact factor among fundamental biomedical research and clinical journals has been explored. It appears that fundamental research journals of high impact factors have experienced a rise in value-laden terms in the past 25 years.

  4. 78 FR 2478 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ming Masterpieces From...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-11

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ming Masterpieces From the Shanghai Museum'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ming Masterpieces...

  5. 75 FR 37521 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Eton College Myers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-29

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Eton College Myers Collection at Johns Hopkins University'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Eton College...

  6. 77 FR 34121 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Lucian Freud: Portraits”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Lucian Freud: Portraits'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Lucian Freud: Portraits,'' imported from abroad by The...

  7. 75 FR 45194 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Drawing from Nature...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Drawing from Nature: Landscapes by... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Drawing from Nature: Landscapes by Max Liebermann, Lovis...

  8. 77 FR 48199 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Bernini: Sculpting in Clay”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Bernini: Sculpting in Clay'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Bernini: Sculpting in Clay,'' imported from abroad for...

  9. 77 FR 50542 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2012...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2012: Michele Abeles... objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography 2012: Michele Abeles, Birdhead (Ji Weiyu...

  10. 78 FR 28939 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Tomoaki Suzuki”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Tomoaki Suzuki'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Tomoaki Suzuki,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  11. 78 FR 28274 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “1763: A Revolutionary Peace”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``1763: A Revolutionary Peace'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``1763: A Revolutionary Peace,'' imported from abroad for...

  12. 77 FR 53959 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Pedimental Relief”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Pedimental Relief'' SUMMARY: Notice... object to be included in the exhibition ``Pedimental Relief,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  13. 76 FR 12786 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Poetry in Clay: Korean...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Poetry in Clay: Korean Buncheong... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Poetry in Clay: Korean Buncheong Ceramics from the...

  14. 78 FR 20372 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hall of Ancient Egypt”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Hall of Ancient Egypt'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Hall of Ancient Egypt,'' imported from abroad for...

  15. 78 FR 27276 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Goya's Two Hares”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Goya's Two Hares'' SUMMARY: Notice is... object to be included in the exhibition ``Goya's Two Hares,'' imported from abroad for...

  16. 77 FR 61468 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Balthus: Cats and Girls”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Balthus: Cats and Girls'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Balthus: Cats and Girls,'' imported from abroad for...

  17. 75 FR 51518 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ballplayers, Gods, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ballplayers, Gods, and Rainmaker... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ballplayers, Gods, and Rainmaker Kings: Masterpieces from...

  18. 75 FR 23318 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “John Baldessari: Pure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``John Baldessari: Pure Beauty... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``John Baldessari: Pure Beauty,'' imported from...

  19. 77 FR 6168 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “John Chamberlain: Choices”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``John Chamberlain: Choices'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``John Chamberlain: Choices,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  20. 78 FR 4972 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chagall: Beyond Color”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chagall: Beyond Color'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chagall: Beyond Color,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  1. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cervera Bible”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Cervera Bible'' SUMMARY: Notice is... object to be included in the exhibition ``Cervera Bible,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  2. 78 FR 48539 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Iran Modern”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Iran Modern'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Iran Modern,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  3. Task Irrelevant External Cues Can Influence Language Selection in Voluntary Object Naming: Evidence from Hindi-English Bilinguals.

    PubMed

    Bhatia, Divya; Prasad, Seema Gorur; Sake, Kaushik; Mishra, Ramesh Kumar

    2017-01-01

    We examined if external cues such as other agents' actions can influence the choice of language during voluntary and cued object naming in bilinguals in three experiments. Hindi-English bilinguals first saw a cartoon waving at a color patch. They were then asked to either name a picture in the language of their choice (voluntary block) or to name in the instructed language (cued block). The colors waved at by the cartoon were also the colors used as language cues (Hindi or English). We compared the influence of the cartoon's choice of color on naming when speakers had to indicate their choice explicitly before naming (Experiment 1) as opposed to when they named directly on seeing the pictures (Experiment 2 and 3). Results showed that participants chose the language indicated by the cartoon greater number of times (Experiment 1 and 3). Speakers also switched significantly to the language primed by the cartoon greater number of times (Experiment 1 and 2). These results suggest that choices leading to voluntary action, as in the case of object naming can be influenced significantly by external non-linguistic cues. Importantly, these symbolic influences can work even when other agents are merely indicating their choices and are not interlocutors in bilingual communication.

  4. Task Irrelevant External Cues Can Influence Language Selection in Voluntary Object Naming: Evidence from Hindi-English Bilinguals

    PubMed Central

    Bhatia, Divya; Prasad, Seema Gorur; Sake, Kaushik; Mishra, Ramesh Kumar

    2017-01-01

    We examined if external cues such as other agents' actions can influence the choice of language during voluntary and cued object naming in bilinguals in three experiments. Hindi–English bilinguals first saw a cartoon waving at a color patch. They were then asked to either name a picture in the language of their choice (voluntary block) or to name in the instructed language (cued block). The colors waved at by the cartoon were also the colors used as language cues (Hindi or English). We compared the influence of the cartoon’s choice of color on naming when speakers had to indicate their choice explicitly before naming (Experiment 1) as opposed to when they named directly on seeing the pictures (Experiment 2 and 3). Results showed that participants chose the language indicated by the cartoon greater number of times (Experiment 1 and 3). Speakers also switched significantly to the language primed by the cartoon greater number of times (Experiment 1 and 2). These results suggest that choices leading to voluntary action, as in the case of object naming can be influenced significantly by external non-linguistic cues. Importantly, these symbolic influences can work even when other agents are merely indicating their choices and are not interlocutors in bilingual communication. PMID:28081136

  5. Analysis of matters associated with the transferring of object-oriented applications to platform .Net using C# programming language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarsimbayeva, S. M.; Kospanova, K. K.

    2015-11-01

    The article provides the discussion of matters associated with the problems of transferring of object-oriented Windows applications from C++ programming language to .Net platform using C# programming language. C++ has always been considered to be the best language for the software development, but the implicit mistakes that come along with the tool may lead to infinite memory leaks and other errors. The platform .Net and the C#, made by Microsoft, are the solutions to the issues mentioned above. The world economy and production are highly demanding applications developed by C++, but the new language with its stability and transferability to .Net will bring many advantages. An example can be presented using the applications that imitate the work of queuing systems. Authors solved the problem of transferring of an application, imitating seaport works, from C++ to the platform .Net using C# in the scope of Visual Studio.

  6. Determinants of Second Language Proficiency among Refugees in the Netherlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Tubergen, Frank

    2010-01-01

    Little is known about the language acquisition of refugees in Western countries. This study examines how pre- and post-migration characteristics of refugees are related to their second language proficiency. Data are from a survey of 3,500 refugees, who were born in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, former Yugoslavia and Somalia, and who resided in the…

  7. Determinants of Second Language Proficiency among Refugees in the Netherlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Tubergen, Frank

    2010-01-01

    Little is known about the language acquisition of refugees in Western countries. This study examines how pre- and post-migration characteristics of refugees are related to their second language proficiency. Data are from a survey of 3,500 refugees, who were born in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, former Yugoslavia and Somalia, and who resided in the…

  8. 77 FR 56698 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Opera Nobile...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces From Ancient Italy'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces from Ancient Italy,'' imported...

  9. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Johan Zoffany RA: Society...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Johan Zoffany RA: Society Observed'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Johan Zoffany RA: Society Observed,'' imported from abroad...

  10. 77 FR 3320 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Renoir, Impressionism...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-23

    ... Exhibition Determinations: ``Renoir, Impressionism, and Full-Length Painting'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Renoir, Impressionism, and Full-Length Painting,''...

  11. 76 FR 44976 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Heroic Africans...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... Exhibition Determinations: ``Heroic Africans: Legendary Leaders, Iconic Sculptures'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Heroic Africans: Legendary Leaders, Iconic Sculptures...

  12. 76 FR 68256 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Shapeshifting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-03

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Shapeshifting: Transformations in Native American Art'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Shapeshifting: Transformations in Native American Art...

  13. Determining Optimal Instructor Levels at the Defense Language Institute

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    0S13 and OS14.) 2.2 OSI2 OS12 minimizes changes in the number of instructors from year-to-year while ensuring that no more than totinst (the objective...previous instructor year totals into the models implementable instructor year totals. ( OSI2 uses smooth1 = 100, smooth2 = 10, and smooth3 = 1 for the...to the value determined by OS12. OS13 uses different notation from OSI and OSI2 . It has a third index on the decision variable which counts the number

  14. Language Learning Careers as an Object of Narrative Research in TESOL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Phil

    2011-01-01

    One of the strengths of narrative research in TESOL is its potential to provide insight into long-term language learning experiences that cannot be investigated in real time. Reliance on retrospection, however, brings two problems that are addressed in this article through the concept of "language learning careers". The first problem is…

  15. The TCD Modern Languages Research Project: Objectives, Instruments, and Preliminary Results. CLCS Occasional Paper No. 26.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singleton, David

    A study of the relationship between university-level second language development and previous language and other experience is described. The study, in its early stages at the time of writing, is being conducted at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland, and involves students of French, German, Italian, and Spanish. This report describes the subjects…

  16. 78 FR 8682 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Henri Labrouste...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the...

  17. 75 FR 82127 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Muhammad Juki's Shahnamah...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the Asia Society, New York, NY, from on... Determinations be published in the Federal Register. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For further information...

  18. 77 FR 56697 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The English Prize: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``The English Prize: The Capture of the Westmorland, an Episode of the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The English Prize:...

  19. 78 FR 55134 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Iran Modern”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-09

    ... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Iran Modern'' ACTION: Notice..., number 153) of determinations made by the Department of State pertaining to the exhibit ``Iran Modern... in the exhibition ``Iran Modern,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  20. 75 FR 82128 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue-Skinned Savior'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue-Skinned...

  1. Pre-Service and In-Service Teachers' Experiences of Learning to Program in an Object-Oriented Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Govender, I.; Grayson, D. J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an investigation into the various ways in which pre-service and in-service teachers experience learning to program in an object-oriented language. Both groups of teachers were enrolled in university courses. In most cases, the pre-service teachers were learning to program for the first time, while the in-service…

  2. Determiners in Bilingual German-Italian Children: What They Tell Us about the Relation between Language Influence and Language Dominance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kupisch, Tanja

    2007-01-01

    This study addresses the question of whether language dominance and cross-linguistic influence are related by investigating the acquisition of determiner omission in four bilingual German-Italian children. The study begins by showing that monolingual Italian learners omit determiners less extensively than monolingual German learners. If bilingual…

  3. 77 FR 67725 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Michelangelo's David Apollo”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Michelangelo's David Apollo'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Michelangelo's David Apollo,'' imported from abroad for... display of the exhibit object at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, from on or about December...

  4. Method for determining depth and shape of a sub-surface conductive object

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, D. O.; Montoya, P. C.; Wayland, J. R., Jr.

    1984-06-01

    The depth to and size of an underground object may be determined by sweeping a controlled source audio magnetotelluric (CSAMT) signal and locating a peak response when the receiver spans the edge of the object. The depth of the object is one quarter wavelength in the subsurface media of the frequency of the peak.

  5. CSAMT method for determining depth and shape of a sub-surface conductive object

    DOEpatents

    Lee, David O.; Montoya, Paul C.; Wayland, Jr., J. Robert

    1986-01-01

    The depth to and size of an underground object may be determined by sweeping a CSAMT signal and locating a peak response when the receiver spans the edge of the object. The depth of the object is one quarter wavelength in the subsurface media of the frequency of the peak.

  6. Method for determining depth and shape of a sub-surface conductive object

    DOEpatents

    Lee, D.O.; Montoya, P.C.; Wayland, Jr.

    1984-06-27

    The depth to and size of an underground object may be determined by sweeping a controlled source audio magnetotelluric (CSAMT) signal and locating a peak response when the receiver spans the edge of the object. The depth of the object is one quarter wavelength in the subsurface media of the frequency of the peak. 3 figures.

  7. 76 FR 18292 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Steins Collect...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... exhibition or display of all of these exhibit objects at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San... of six of the objects at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about February 21... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Steins Collect: Matisse,...

  8. 75 FR 21385 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cleopatra: The Search for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Cleopatra: The Search for the Last... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Cleopatra: The Search for the Last...

  9. 76 FR 56491 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Tombs, Temples and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Tombs, Temples and Warriors: China's..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Tombs, Temples and...

  10. 78 FR 55772 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Beauty Revealed: Images of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Beauty Revealed: Images of Women in... April 15, 2003, I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Beauty...

  11. 76 FR 77582 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Beauty and Belief...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Beauty and Belief: Crossing Bridges... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Beauty...

  12. 78 FR 71021 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Antonio Canova: The Seven...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Antonio Canova: The Seven Last Works... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Antonio Canova: The Seven Last Works...

  13. 78 FR 59080 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Delacroix and the Matter...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Delacroix and the Matter of Finish... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Delacroix and the Matter of Finish,''...

  14. 77 FR 25780 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gold, Jasper, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gold, Jasper, and Carnelian: Johann... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Gold,...

  15. 75 FR 18252 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Through African Eyes: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Through African Eyes: The European in... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Through African...

  16. 76 FR 56491 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Adapting the Eye: An...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Adapting the Eye: An Archive of the... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Adapting the...

  17. 76 FR 81004 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Woman in Blue, Against...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water'' by Edvard...

  18. 77 FR 53959 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dancing Into Dreams, Maya...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dancing Into Dreams, Maya Vases From..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Dancing Into Dreams,...

  19. 76 FR 53524 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Light Years: Conceptual...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Light Years: Conceptual Art and the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Light Years:...

  20. 77 FR 60506 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Light and Shadows: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Light and Shadows: The Story of..., 2003), I hereby determine that certain of the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Light...

  1. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rembrandt and Degas: Two...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Rembrandt and Degas: Two Young..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Rembrandt and Degas: Two...

  2. 75 FR 39724 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Arcimboldo (1526-1593...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Arcimboldo (1526-1593): Nature and... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Arcimboldo (1526-1593): Nature and...

  3. 78 FR 53817 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Venetian Glass by Carlo...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Venetian Glass by Carlo Scarpa: The... April 15, 2003, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Venetian Glass...

  4. 78 FR 50137 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chagall: Love, War, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chagall: Love, War, and Exile... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chagall: Love, War, and Exile,'' imported...

  5. 78 FR 48925 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Violence and Virtue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Violence and Virtue: Artemisia... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Violence and...

  6. 77 FR 61468 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Matisse: In Search of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Matisse: In Search of True Painting... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Matisse: In Search of True...

  7. 78 FR 45285 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Egypt's Mysterious Book...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Egypt's Mysterious Book of the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Egypt's Mysterious Book...

  8. 76 FR 39974 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Warhol: The Headlines”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ..., from on or about September 25, 2011, until on or about January 2, 2012, at The Andy Warhol Museum... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Warhol: The Headlines'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Warhol: The...

  9. 76 FR 2439 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cézanne's Card Players”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``C zanne's Card Players'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``C zanne's Card Players...

  10. 77 FR 36329 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dead Sea Scrolls & The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dead Sea Scrolls & The Bible Ancient... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Dead Sea...

  11. 75 FR 20031 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Spectacular Art of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Spectacular Art of Jean-L on G r... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Spectacular Art of Jean-L on G r...

  12. 70 FR 3959 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Max Ernst: A Retrospective”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2005-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Max Ernst: A Retrospective'' AGENCY... April 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition, ``Max Ernst:...

  13. 75 FR 57825 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Artifacts From Auschwitz...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Artifacts From Auschwitz-Birkenau... of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition...

  14. 77 FR 21142 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Edouard Vuillard: A...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Edouard Vuillard: A Painter and His..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Edouard Vuillard: A...

  15. 76 FR 53524 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Mirror of the Buddha...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mirror of the Buddha: Early..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Mirror of the...

  16. 75 FR 53012 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Treasures of Moscow...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... exhibit objects at the Museum of Russian Icons, Clinton, MA, from on or about October 23, 2010, until on... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Treasures of Moscow: Icons From the Andrey Rublev Museum'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to...

  17. 76 FR 23642 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Projects 95: Runa Islam”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Projects 95: Runa Islam'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Projects 95: Runa Islam...

  18. 75 FR 15764 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gods of Angkor: Bronzes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gods of Angkor: Bronzes From the... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Gods of Angkor...

  19. 77 FR 73511 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Arts of Islamic Lands...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Arts of Islamic Lands: Masterpieces... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Arts of...

  20. 78 FR 40544 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2013...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-05

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2013: Adam Broomberg..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography 2013... The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, from on or about September 14, 2013, until on or about...

  1. 77 FR 56251 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Body Beautiful in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Body Beautiful in Ancient Greece... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Body Beautiful in Ancient...

  2. 78 FR 60994 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “In Grand Style...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``In Grand Style: Celebrations in... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``In Grand Style...

  3. "Can you see me now?" An objective metric for predicting intelligibility of compressed American Sign Language video

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciaramello, Francis M.; Hemami, Sheila S.

    2007-02-01

    For members of the Deaf Community in the United States, current communication tools include TTY/TTD services, video relay services, and text-based communication. With the growth of cellular technology, mobile sign language conversations are becoming a possibility. Proper coding techniques must be employed to compress American Sign Language (ASL) video for low-rate transmission while maintaining the quality of the conversation. In order to evaluate these techniques, an appropriate quality metric is needed. This paper demonstrates that traditional video quality metrics, such as PSNR, fail to predict subjective intelligibility scores. By considering the unique structure of ASL video, an appropriate objective metric is developed. Face and hand segmentation is performed using skin-color detection techniques. The distortions in the face and hand regions are optimally weighted and pooled across all frames to create an objective intelligibility score for a distorted sequence. The objective intelligibility metric performs significantly better than PSNR in terms of correlation with subjective responses.

  4. Method for Determining the Weight of Functional Objectives on Manufacturing System

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Qingshan; Xu, Wei; Zhang, Jiekun

    2014-01-01

    We propose a three-dimensional integrated weight determination to solve manufacturing system functional objectives, where consumers are weighted by triangular fuzzy numbers to determine the enterprises. The weights, subjective parts are determined by the expert scoring method, the objective parts are determined by the entropy method with the competitive advantage of determining. Based on the integration of three methods and comprehensive weight, we provide some suggestions for the manufacturing system. This paper provides the numerical example analysis to illustrate the feasibility of this method. PMID:25243203

  5. Method for determining the weight of functional objectives on manufacturing system.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Qingshan; Xu, Wei; Zhang, Jiekun

    2014-01-01

    We propose a three-dimensional integrated weight determination to solve manufacturing system functional objectives, where consumers are weighted by triangular fuzzy numbers to determine the enterprises. The weights, subjective parts are determined by the expert scoring method, the objective parts are determined by the entropy method with the competitive advantage of determining. Based on the integration of three methods and comprehensive weight, we provide some suggestions for the manufacturing system. This paper provides the numerical example analysis to illustrate the feasibility of this method.

  6. Method and system for determining a volume of an object from two-dimensional images

    DOEpatents

    Abercrombie, Robert K [Knoxville, TN; Schlicher, Bob G [Portsmouth, NH

    2010-08-10

    The invention provides a method and a computer program stored in a tangible medium for automatically determining a volume of three-dimensional objects represented in two-dimensional images, by acquiring at two least two-dimensional digitized images, by analyzing the two-dimensional images to identify reference points and geometric patterns, by determining distances between the reference points and the component objects utilizing reference data provided for the three-dimensional object, and by calculating a volume for the three-dimensional object.

  7. Determination of the force transmitted by an ion thruster plasma plume to an orbital object

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alpatov, A.; Cichocki, F.; Fokov, A.; Khoroshylov, S.; Merino, M.; Zakrzhevskii, A.

    2016-02-01

    An approach to determine the force transmitted by the plasma plume of an ion thruster to an orbital object immersed in it using its central projection on a selected plane is proposed. A photo camera is used to obtain the image of the object central projection. The algorithms for the calculation of the transmission of momentum by the impacting ion beam are developed including the determination of the object contour and the correction of the error due to a camera offset from the ion beam axis, and the computation of the fraction of the ion beam that impinges on the object surface.

  8. CANTAB object recognition and language tests to detect aging cognitive decline: an exploratory comparative study.

    PubMed

    Soares, Fernanda Cabral; de Oliveira, Thaís Cristina Galdino; de Macedo, Liliane Dias e Dias; Tomás, Alessandra Mendonça; Picanço-Diniz, Domingos Luiz Wanderley; Bento-Torres, João; Bento-Torres, Natáli Valim Oliver; Picanço-Diniz, Cristovam Wanderley

    2015-01-01

    The recognition of the limits between normal and pathological aging is essential to start preventive actions. The aim of this paper is to compare the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) and language tests to distinguish subtle differences in cognitive performances in two different age groups, namely young adults and elderly cognitively normal subjects. We selected 29 young adults (29.9±1.06 years) and 31 older adults (74.1±1.15 years) matched by educational level (years of schooling). All subjects underwent a general assessment and a battery of neuropsychological tests, including the Mini Mental State Examination, visuospatial learning, and memory tasks from CANTAB and language tests. Cluster and discriminant analysis were applied to all neuropsychological test results to distinguish possible subgroups inside each age group. Significant differences in the performance of aged and young adults were detected in both language and visuospatial memory tests. Intragroup cluster and discriminant analysis revealed that CANTAB, as compared to language tests, was able to detect subtle but significant differences between the subjects. Based on these findings, we concluded that, as compared to language tests, large-scale application of automated visuospatial tests to assess learning and memory might increase our ability to discern the limits between normal and pathological aging.

  9. Using norm-referenced tests to determine severity of language impairment in children: disconnect between U.S. policy makers and test developers.

    PubMed

    Spaulding, Tammie J; Swartwout Szulga, Margaret; Figueroa, Cecilia

    2012-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify various U.S. state education departments' criteria for determining the severity of language impairment in children, with particular focus on the use of norm-referenced tests. A secondary objective was to determine if norm-referenced tests of child language were developed for the purpose of identifying the severity of children's language impairment. Published procedures for severity determinations were obtained from U.S. state education departments. In addition, manuals for 45 norm-referenced tests of child language were reviewed to determine if each test was designed to identify the degree of a child's language impairment. Consistency was evaluated among state criteria, test developers' intentions, and test characteristics. At the time of this study, 8 states published guidelines for determining the severity of language impairment, and each specified the use of norm-referenced tests for this purpose. The degree of use and cutoff-point criteria for severity determination varied across states. No cutoff-point criteria aligned with the severity cutoff points described within the test manuals. Furthermore, tests that included severity information lacked empirical data on how the severity categories were derived. Researchers and clinicians should be cautious in determining the severity of children's language impairment using norm-referenced test performance given the inconsistency in guidelines and lack of empirical data within test manuals to support this use.

  10. On-line processing and comprehension of direct object pronoun sentences in Spanish-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment.

    PubMed

    Girbau, Dolors

    2017-01-01

    Eleven native Spanish-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) (8;3-10;11) and 11 typically developing children (8;7-10;8) received a comprehensive psycholinguistic evaluation. Participants listened to either Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences or filler sentences without any pronoun, and they decided whether a picture on the screen (depicting the antecedent, another noun in the sentence, or an unrelated object) was 'alive'. They answered comprehension questions about pronoun sentences. Children with SLI showed significantly poorer comprehension of DO pronoun sentences when answering comprehension questions than children with Typical Language Development (TLD). This poor pronoun sentence understanding correlated significantly with poor auditory sentence completion, non-word repetition task and expressive vocabulary skills. Children with SLI were significantly slower in the animacy decisions than children with TLD across all pronoun and filler sentence conditions. Both groups exhibited high accuracy in the animacy decisions for any conditions. Clinical implications are discussed.

  11. The Role of Language in Acquiring Object Kind Concepts in Infancy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Fei

    2002-01-01

    Four experiments investigated whether 9-month-olds could use the presence of labels to help them establish a representation of two distinct objects in a complex object individuation task. Found that the presence of two distinct labels facilitated object individuation, but presence of one label for both objects, two distinct tones, two distinct…

  12. Why Are You Learning a Second Language? Motivational Orientations and Self-Determination Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noels, Kimberly A.; Pelletier, Luc G.; Clement, Richard; Vallerand, Robert J.

    2003-01-01

    Examined self-determination theory (SDT) in the language learning context. Involved the development of a valid and reliable instrument to assess different subtypes of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and explored the link between these motivational sub-types and various orientations to language learning. Showed instrumental orientation and the…

  13. 75 FR 1680 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Roman Art”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Roman Art'' SUMMARY: Notice is... included in the exhibition ``Roman Art,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  14. 75 FR 28095 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso Looks at Degas”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Picasso Looks at Degas'' SUMMARY... included in the exhibition ``Picasso Looks at Degas,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  15. 76 FR 12786 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Charlotte Salomon: Life...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Charlotte Salomon: Life? Or Theatre... Salomon: Life? Or Theatre?'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  16. 78 FR 8682 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vermeer's Woman in Blue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a... ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a Letter,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  17. 76 FR 42158 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Lyonel Feininger...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Lyonel Feininger: Photographs, 1928...: Photographs: 1928- 1939,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  18. 76 FR 15358 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Before the Pyramids: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Before the Pyramids: The Origins of... ``Before the Pyramids: The Origins of Egyptian Civilization'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  19. 77 FR 52783 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dancing Around the Bride...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dancing Around the Bride: Cage... ``Dancing Around the Bride: Cage, Cunningham, Johns, Rauschenberg, and Duchamp,'' imported from abroad...

  20. 75 FR 71787 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvator Rosa: Bandits...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Salvator Rosa: Bandits, Wilderness... ``Salvator Rosa: Bandits, Wilderness and Magic'', imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  1. 75 FR 25031 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Tiffany: Color and Light”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Tiffany: Color and Light'' SUMMARY... included in the exhibition ``Tiffany: Color and Light,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  2. 76 FR 4986 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gentile Bellini: Portrait...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gentile Bellini: Portrait of Caterina... the exhibition ``Gentile Bellini: Portrait of Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus,'' imported...

  3. 75 FR 5637 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Architecture as Icon...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Architecture as Icon: Perception and... Icon: Perception and Representation of Architecture in Byzantine Art,'' imported from abroad...

  4. 76 FR 59767 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Contested Visions in the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Contested Visions in the Spanish... Spanish Colonial World'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of...

  5. 75 FR 3272 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Sacred Made Real...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Sacred Made Real: Spanish... Real: Spanish Painting and Sculpture 1600-1700,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  6. 76 FR 5236 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Upside Down Arctic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Upside Down Arctic Realities... Down Arctic Realities,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of...

  7. 75 FR 8425 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Masterpieces of European...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Masterpieces of European Painting... European Painting from Dulwich Picture Gallery,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  8. 76 FR 65558 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Masterpieces of Landscape...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Masterpieces of Landscape Painting... Landscape Painting from the Forbidden City'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  9. 78 FR 23623 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “American Encounters...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``American Encounters: Genre Painting...: Genre Painting and Everyday Life,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  10. 77 FR 54647 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “African Art, New York...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``African Art, New York, and the Avant-Garde'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``African Art, New York, and the Avant- Garde,'' imported...

  11. 76 FR 7893 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Neoclassicism: A Taste...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Neoclassicism: A Taste for the... ``Neoclassicism: A Taste for the Antique,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  12. 77 FR 54646 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Becoming Van Gogh”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Becoming Van Gogh'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Becoming Van Gogh,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  13. 75 FR 32980 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ringo Starr's Snare Drum”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ringo Starr's Snare Drum'' SUMMARY... included in the exhibit ``Ringo Starr's Snare Drum,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  14. 68 FR 16852 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Max Beckmann”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2003-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Max Beckmann'' AGENCY: Department of... exhibition, ``Max Beckmann,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  15. 75 FR 82127 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Central Nigeria Unmasked...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Central Nigeria Unmasked: Arts of the Benue River Valley... Nigeria Unmasked: Arts of the Benue River Valley,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  16. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold From England's Dark Ages'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold From England's Dark Ages,'' imported...

  17. 77 FR 61045 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “China's Terracotta...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``China's Terracotta Warriors: The... Terracotta Warriors: The First Emperor's Legacy,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  18. 78 FR 45286 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Canterbury and St. Albans...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Canterbury and St. Albans: Treasures... St. Albans: Treasures from Church and Cloister,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  19. 76 FR 1660 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Art in Cameroon...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Art in Cameroon: Sculptural... ``Art in Cameroon: Sculptural Dialogues,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  20. 78 FR 39435 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Magritte: The Mystery of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-01

    ... Exhibition; Determinations: ``Magritte: The Mystery of the Ordinary, 1926-1938'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Magritte: The Mystery of the Ordinary, 1926-1928,''...

  1. 76 FR 70805 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Renaissance Portrait...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Renaissance Portrait From... ``The Renaissance Portrait from Donatello to Bellini,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  2. 75 FR 82127 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gauguin: Maker of Myth”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gauguin: Maker of Myth'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Gauguin: Maker of Myth'' imported from abroad for...

  3. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Diego Rivera: Murals for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Diego Rivera: Murals for the Museum of Modern Art'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Diego Rivera: Murals for The Museum of Modern Art,'' imported...

  4. 77 FR 53248 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Mantegna to Matisse...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mantegna to Matisse: Master Drawings... Matisse: Master Drawings From The Courtauld Gallery,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  5. 75 FR 78335 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Thomas Lawrence: Regency...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Thomas Lawrence: Regency Power and... ``Thomas Lawrence: Regency Power and Brilliance,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  6. 75 FR 48736 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Kurt Schwitters: Color...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Kurt Schwitters: Color and Collage... Schwitters: Color and Collage,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  7. 77 FR 23318 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “African Cosmos: Stellar Arts”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... custodian. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit object at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of African Arts, Washington, DC, from on or about June 20, 2012, until on or...

  8. 76 FR 16851 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Seeing Gertrude Stein...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Seeing Gertrude Stein: Five Stories... Gertrude Stein: Five Stories,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  9. [Determination of lithium content in human biological objects (liver, kidney) by the method of flame photometry].

    PubMed

    Luzanova, I S; Voznesenskaia, T V; Menitskaia, V I; Pushchinskaia, E V

    2007-01-01

    The authors give a method of determination of the content of lithium in biological objects (liver, kidney) by the method of flame photometry. It is possible to use this method in forensic medicine in cases of acute intoxication.

  10. WORLD Program Description, Goals and Objectives. Vocational English-as-a-Second Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coad, Cynthia

    A vocational English-as-a-Second Language program for limited-English-proficient adults enrolled in North Orange County Community College District courses was developed to meet the needs of this population. The limited-English-speaking population of the district is an immigrant and refugee population with people from a variety of language…

  11. Verbal Inflection, Articles and Object Clitics in Italian Specific Language Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Junyent, Andrea Anahi; Levorato, Maria Chiara; Denes, Gianfranco

    2010-01-01

    Morphosyntactic skills in spontaneous and elicited production of a 7-year-old boy with specific language impairment (SLI) were examined and compared to those of younger, mean length of utterance (MLU)-matched, typically-developing children. This study focused on inflectional phrase structures as well as complex constructions in order to…

  12. Learning a "New Language"--The Objective Approach to Early Literacy in English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashbrook, John

    2010-01-01

    Published research shows that English speakers gain literacy skills up to the 7-year level more effectively when taught using a language experience approach rather than a word reading approach (reading common words plus phonic reading). It is suggested that this is because of the almost unique nature of English phonology, that is the strengthening…

  13. Verbal Inflection, Articles and Object Clitics in Italian Specific Language Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Junyent, Andrea Anahi; Levorato, Maria Chiara; Denes, Gianfranco

    2010-01-01

    Morphosyntactic skills in spontaneous and elicited production of a 7-year-old boy with specific language impairment (SLI) were examined and compared to those of younger, mean length of utterance (MLU)-matched, typically-developing children. This study focused on inflectional phrase structures as well as complex constructions in order to…

  14. Bilingualism as a Window into the Language Faculty: The Acquisition of Objects in French-Speaking Children in Bilingual and Monolingual Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez-Leroux, Ana T.; Pirvulescu, Mihaela; Roberge, Yves

    2009-01-01

    Where do the two languages of the bilingual child interact? The literature has debated whether bilingual children have delays in the acquisition of direct objects. The variety of methods and languages involved have prevented clear conclusions. In a transitivity-based approach, null objects are a default structural possibility, present in all…

  15. 75 FR 38589 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvador Dali: The Late...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Salvador Dali: The Late Work... that the objects to be ] included in the exhibition ``Salvador Dali: The Late Work,'' imported from...

  16. 78 FR 46402 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dying Gaul”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dying Gaul'' SUMMARY: Notice is... object to be included in the exhibition ``The Dying Gaul,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  17. 76 FR 63341 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the Discovery Times Square, New York, NY, from... for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times...

  18. 75 FR 21384 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Holocaust”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Holocaust'' SUMMARY: Notice is... included in the exhibition ``The Holocaust,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the... objects in the permanent exhibit of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, from on or...

  19. 76 FR 49832 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Warhol: The Headlines”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-11

    ... about January 2, 2012, at The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from on or about October 14... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Warhol: The Headlines'' ACTION..., ``Warhol: The Headlines.'' The referenced notice is corrected to add one additional object to be...

  20. 76 FR 28121 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “National Geographic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ... United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to a loan agreement with... aforementioned exhibition or display period, the objects shall be repatriated back to the United Kingdom. I have... Earth'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority...

  1. 75 FR 54692 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Van Gogh, Gauguin...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Van Gogh, Gauguin, C zanne, and... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Van Gogh, Gauguin, C zanne, and Beyond: Post...

  2. Determining heat-transfer coefficients of solid objects by laser photothermal IR radiometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aleksandrov, S. E.; Gavrilov, G. A.; Kapralov, A. A.; Muratikov, K. L.; Sotnikova, G. Yu.

    2017-07-01

    A simple method for determining heat-transfer coefficients of solid objects is proposed that is based on direct measurement of the sample surface temperature dynamics. The object is probed by a laser beam with preset temporal variation of the radiation power, and the thermal response is detected by photodiodes operating in the mid-IR spectral range without forced cooling.

  3. 76 FR 56865 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Degas and the Nude”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Degas and the Nude'' SUMMARY: Notice... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Degas and the Nude,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  4. 77 FR 51843 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Plants of Virtue and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Plants of Virtue and Rocks by a... State pertaining to the object ``Plants of Virtue and Rocks by a Stream'' by Shitao. The referenced...

  5. 76 FR 53993 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2011...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-30

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2011: Zhang Dali... objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography 2011: Zhang Dali, Moyra Davey, George Georgiou... at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, from on or about September 27, 2011, until on or...

  6. Methods for determination of language dominance: the Wada test and proposed noninvasive alternatives.

    PubMed

    Abou-Khalil, Bassel

    2007-11-01

    The intracarotid amobarbital procedure, also known as the Wada test, helps to lateralize language dominance by deactivating the language cortex with an intracarotid injection of an anesthetic agent. Although it has been the gold standard for determining language dominance for more than four decades, its invasiveness has prompted a search for noninvasive alternatives. Potential replacements have included neuropsychological techniques, measurements of anatomic brain asymmetries, magnetic stimulation for deactivation of language cortex, measurement of the electrical or magnetic neurophysiologic response to language activation, and methods that detect the hemodynamic response to activation of language cortex, namely increased local blood flow or increased local oxygenation. Based on widespread availability and the ability to provide localizing as well as lateralizing information, functional MRI will likely be the most widely used alternative.

  7. Research in Presistent Simulation: Development of the Persistent ModSim Object-Oriented Programming Language

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-07-01

    information hiding and facilitates software reusability through separate compilation. An advantage of separate compilation is that source code for the...to average 1 hour Per response, including the time for reviewing inatinions, searching existing dea sources . gathering and maintaining the data needed...Technology Transfer 6 2 OBJECT-ORIENTED SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY ......................... 7 The Object-Oriented Paradigm 7 Object-Oriented Programming

  8. 75 FR 53731 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Sheila Hicks: 50 Years”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Sheila Hicks: 50 Years'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the.... 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Sheila Hicks: 50 Years,'' imported from abroad...

  9. 77 FR 4858 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Byzantium and Islam: Age...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... determinations made by ] the Department of State pertaining to the exhibition ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... Islam: Age of Transition (7th-9th Century),'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  10. Integrating an object system into CLIPS: Language design and implementation issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Auburn, Mark

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes the reasons why an object system with integrated pattern-matching and object-oriented programming facilities is desirable for CLIPS and how it is possible to integrate such a system into CLIPS while maintaining the run-time performance and the low memory usage for which CLIPS is known. The requirements for an object system in CLIPS that includes object-oriented programming and integrated pattern-matching are discussed and various techniques for optimizing the object system and its integration with the pattern-matcher are presented.

  11. Autonomous space object tracking and azimuth determination using star tracker technique under complex space environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Tao; Zhou, Fuqiang

    2015-07-01

    Autonomous space object tracking under complex space environment is a popular topic in space engineering research. However, it is a challenging task for measurement equipment, implementing navigation under complex environment, and tracking object with unknown trajectory. An algorithm for space object tracking and azimuth determination using star tracker technology is the first time proposed in this paper. It includes two major steps, star tracking and object tracking. In star tracking stage, a motion-vector algorithm is the first time exploring to track stars in sequence images, which can track stars under complex space environment. With the tracked stars, the star tracker's attitude can be updated in real-time. In object tracking stage, with the obtained attitude of the star tracker, the Kalman filter (KF) model is built to predict the object state. It takes the measured azimuth as observations rather than the object coordinates in CCD plane, which can avoid the computational complexity due to matrix derivations compared to traditional Extend-Kalman filter, and its convergence rate of the filter is improved consequently. The azimuth and the velocity of the object can be updated by the KF prediction process. In addition, different levels of background noise were added to simulate the complex space environment, and an artificial object is also added in frame with non-linear trajectory in CCD plane. The feasibility of the proposed methods is validated using synthesized sequence images which contain object motions. The simulated results show that the algorithm proposed can track stars and object successfully.

  12. Resting-State Functional MR Imaging for Determining Language Laterality in Intractable Epilepsy.

    PubMed

    DeSalvo, Matthew N; Tanaka, Naoaki; Douw, Linda; Leveroni, Catherine L; Buchbinder, Bradley R; Greve, Douglas N; Stufflebeam, Steven M

    2016-10-01

    Purpose To measure the accuracy of resting-state functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in determining hemispheric language dominance in patients with medically intractable focal epilepsies against the results of an intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP). Materials and Methods This study was approved by the institutional review board, and all subjects gave signed informed consent. Data in 23 patients with medically intractable focal epilepsy were retrospectively analyzed. All 23 patients were candidates for epilepsy surgery and underwent both IAP and resting-state functional MR imaging as part of presurgical evaluation. Language dominance was determined from functional MR imaging data by calculating a laterality index (LI) after using independent component analysis. The accuracy of this method was assessed against that of IAP by using a variety of thresholds. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated by using leave-one-out cross validation. Spatial maps of language components were qualitatively compared among each hemispheric language dominance group. Results Measurement of hemispheric language dominance with resting-state functional MR imaging was highly concordant with IAP results, with up to 96% (22 of 23) accuracy, 96% (22 of 23) sensitivity, and 96% (22 of 23) specificity. Composite language component maps in patients with typical language laterality consistently included classic language areas such as the inferior frontal gyrus, the posterior superior temporal gyrus, and the inferior parietal lobule, while those of patients with atypical language laterality also included non-classical language areas such as the superior and middle frontal gyri, the insula, and the occipital cortex. Conclusion Resting-state functional MR imaging can be used to measure language laterality in patients with medically intractable focal epilepsy. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

  13. Regional and hemispheric determinants of language laterality: implications for preoperative fMRI.

    PubMed

    Seghier, Mohamed L; Kherif, Ferath; Josse, Goulven; Price, Cathy J

    2011-10-01

    Language is typically a function of the left hemisphere but the right hemisphere is also essential in some healthy individuals and patients. This inter-subject variability necessitates the localization of language function, at the individual level, prior to neurosurgical intervention. Such assessments are typically made by comparing left and right hemisphere language function to determine "language lateralization" using clinical tests or fMRI. Here, we show that language function needs to be assessed at the region and hemisphere specific level, because laterality measures can be misleading. Using fMRI data from 82 healthy participants, we investigated the degree to which activation for a semantic word matching task was lateralized in 50 different brain regions and across the entire cortex. This revealed two novel findings. First, the degree to which language is lateralized across brain regions and between subjects was primarily driven by differences in right hemisphere activation rather than differences in left hemisphere activation. Second, we found that healthy subjects who have relatively high left lateralization in the angular gyrus also have relatively low left lateralization in the ventral precentral gyrus. These findings illustrate spatial heterogeneity in language lateralization that is lost when global laterality measures are considered. It is likely that the complex spatial variability we observed in healthy controls is more exaggerated in patients with brain damage. We therefore highlight the importance of investigating within hemisphere regional variations in fMRI activation, prior to neuro-surgical intervention, to determine how each hemisphere and each region contributes to language processing.

  14. Determination of the object surface function by structured light: application to the study of spinal deformities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buendía, M.; Salvador, R.; Cibrián, R.; Laguia, M.; Sotoca, J. M.

    1999-01-01

    The projection of structured light is a technique frequently used to determine the surface shape of an object. In this paper, a new procedure is described that efficiently resolves the correspondence between the knots of the projected grid and those obtained on the object when the projection is made. The method is based on the use of three images of the projected grid. In two of them the grid is projected over a flat surface placed, respectively, before and behind the object; both images are used for calibration. In the third image the grid is projected over the object. It is not reliant on accurate determination of the camera and projector pair relative to the grid and object. Once the method is calibrated, we can obtain the surface function by just analysing the projected grid on the object. The procedure is especially suitable for the study of objects without discontinuities or large depth gradients. It can be employed for determining, in a non-invasive way, the patient's back surface function. Symmetry differences permit a quantitative diagnosis of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

  15. Teaching How to Write Instructional Objectives to Pre-Service Language Teachers through the ABCD Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiliçkaya, Ferit

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the use of the ABCD model as a way to train teachers of English to write clear and specific objectives. It is stated here that most of the instructional objectives written by pre-service teachers are inadequately formulated. With this in mind, pre-service teachers (n = 46) were trained in writing instructional objectives…

  16. Instructional Objectives and Content Outline, English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL). Bulletin No. 275.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frank, Gloria; And Others

    This booklet consists of a list of instructional objectives and a content outline for the beginning and intermediate levels of the Montgomery County (Maryland) public ESL program. The publication was prepared to identify performance objectives and to provide guidelines for teachers and administrators, both for teaching and for forming realistic…

  17. Modular Sequence: Teaching Reading to Bilingual Learners. TTP 002.02; Techniques for Determining Language Dominance. Teacher Corps Bilingual Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    This teaching module offers participants the requisite skills and professional perspective to determine the language dominance of Spanish-language-origin students. Upon completion of this module, participants should be able to (a) identify and describe an example of at least three techniques for determining the language dominance of…

  18. Encoding, learning, and spatial updating of multiple object locations specified by 3-D sound, spatial language, and vision.

    PubMed

    Klatzky, Roberta L; Lippa, Yvonne; Loomis, Jack M; Golledge, Reginald G

    2003-03-01

    Participants standing at an origin learned the distance and azimuth of target objects that were specified by 3-D sound, spatial language, or vision. We tested whether the ensuing target representations functioned equivalently across modalities for purposes of spatial updating. In experiment 1, participants localized targets by pointing to each and verbalizing its distance, both directly from the origin and at an indirect waypoint. In experiment 2, participants localized targets by walking to each directly from the origin and via an indirect waypoint. Spatial updating bias was estimated by the spatial-coordinate difference between indirect and direct localization; noise from updating was estimated by the difference in variability of localization. Learning rate and noise favored vision over the two auditory modalities. For all modalities, bias during updating tended to move targets forward, comparably so for three and five targets and for forward and rightward indirect-walking directions. Spatial language produced additional updating bias and noise from updating. Although spatial representations formed from language afford updating, they do not function entirely equivalently to those from intrinsically spatial modalities.

  19. Cumulative sums for edge determination of a single object in PET and SPECT images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Protonotarios, Nicholas E.; Spyrou, George M.; Kastis, George A.

    2016-08-01

    The issue of edge determination of a single object in reconstructed nuclear medicine images has been examined thoroughly in the past, nevertheless most of the investigation has focused on the concepts of either numerical sinogram differentiation or segmentation. This work aims to develop an automated method for determining the contour of a single convex object in PET and SPECT reconstructed images, which can be used for computing body edges for attenuation correction, as well as for eliminating streak artifacts outside the specific object. This was accomplished by implementing a modified cumulative sums (CUSUM) scheme in the sinogram. Our method can automatically detect the object's boundary in the reconstructed image. This approach has been tested in simulated as well as real phantoms and it performed efficiently for all convex objects. We were able to detect the contour of a single object in the image space, which in turn enabled us to eliminate streak artifacts outside and thus to obtain body edges necessary for attenuation correction.

  20. The Effects of Language Impairment on the Use of Direct Object Pronouns and Verb Inflections in Heritage Spanish Speakers: A Look at Attrition, Incomplete Acquisition and Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Peggy F.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined object clitic pronouns (OCPs) and verb inflections in twenty-five school-age children with typical development (TD) and twenty children with bilingual language impairment (BLI). MANOVA and ANOVA were used to explore differences according to grade level and language status (TD vs. BLI). Although children with BLI produced higher…

  1. Teaching Spanish by Being Responsible for Specific Objectives. Stanislaus County Schools Project for the Development of County Wide Articulation in Foreign Language Instruction Through Common Measurement Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Melvin I.

    An introduction to this teaching guide briefly explains the underlying theory of language, identifies behavioral objectives, and offers taxonomies of the four language skills. The major portion of the guide is composed of transcripts of Spanish listening comprehension tests. The tests are designed for use with audiolingual materials (ALM) and…

  2. Comprehension of Double-Object Constructions by Hard-of-Hearing Subjects. Lektos: Interdisciplinary Working Papers in Language Sciences, Vol. 2., No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholes, Robert J.; And Others

    Human beings who have been forced to acquire language through non-auditory modalities characteristically display an impoverished syntactic system. I.M. Schlessinger (1970) has shown, for example, that users of sign language have difficulty in communicating syntactic relations such as "subject of main verb,""object of the verb," and "indirect…

  3. The Effects of Language Impairment on the Use of Direct Object Pronouns and Verb Inflections in Heritage Spanish Speakers: A Look at Attrition, Incomplete Acquisition and Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Peggy F.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined object clitic pronouns (OCPs) and verb inflections in twenty-five school-age children with typical development (TD) and twenty children with bilingual language impairment (BLI). MANOVA and ANOVA were used to explore differences according to grade level and language status (TD vs. BLI). Although children with BLI produced higher…

  4. 78 FR 6398 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso Black and White”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-30

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Picasso Black and White'' AGENCY... pertaining to the exhibition ``Picasso Black and White.'' The referenced notice is corrected here to include... ``Picasso Black and White,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  5. Four Scenarios for Determining the Size and Reusability of Learning Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoonenboom, Judith

    2012-01-01

    The best method for determining the size of learning objects (LOs) so as to optimise their reusability has been a topic of debate for years now. Although there appears to be agreement on basic assumptions, developed guidelines and principles are often in conflict. This study shows that this confusion stems from the fact that in the literature,…

  6. 78 FR 79560 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Khirbet el-Maqatir...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Khirbet el-Maqatir: History of a..., ``Khirbet el-Maqatir: History of a Biblical Site,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  7. 76 FR 18291 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Boris Mikhailov: Case...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Boris Mikhailov: Case History... Mikhailov: Case History,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of... Art, New York, New York, from on or about May 26, 2011, until on or about September 5, 2011, and at...

  8. 76 FR 6650 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Birth of the Modern...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Birth of the Modern: Style and... ``Birth of the Modern: Style and Identity in Vienna 1900,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  9. 76 FR 5236 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Pastel Portraits: Images...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Pastel Portraits: Images of 18th... ``Pastel Portraits: Images of 18th-Century Europe,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  10. 75 FR 21384 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Glory of Ukraine...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Glory of Ukraine: Sacred Images... Ukraine: Sacred Images from the 11th to the 19th Centuries,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  11. 75 FR 62916 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “India's Fabled City: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``India's Fabled City: The Art of... ``India's Fabled City: The Art of Courtly Lucknow,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  12. 75 FR 1680 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition: Determinations: “Giovanni Boldini in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... Paris'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... Paris,'' imported from abroad for temporary ] exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians....

  13. 78 FR 51803 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Charles Marville...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... Paris'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority...: Photographer of Paris,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners...

  14. 77 FR 7655 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Inventing the Modern...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-13

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Inventing the Modern World: Decorative Arts at the World's Fairs, 1851-1939'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... ``Inventing the Modern World: Decorative Arts at the World's Fairs, 1851-1939'' imported from abroad for...

  15. 75 FR 41274 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The World of Khubilai...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The World of Khubilai Khan: Chinese... Department of State pertaining to the exhibit ``From Xanadu to Dadu: The World of Khubilai Khan.'' The... exhibit name is now titled, ``The World of Khubilai Khan: Chinese Art in the Yuan Dynasty.'' Pursuant to...

  16. 75 FR 27613 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Holocaust (Warsaw...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Holocaust (Warsaw Ghetto... that the documents to be included in the exhibition ``The Holocaust (Warsaw Ghetto),'' imported from... exhibition or display of the documents at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, from on...

  17. 76 FR 53524 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Once Upon Many Times...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Once Upon Many Times: Legends and... Times: Legends and Myths in Himalayan Art,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  18. 78 FR 24462 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-25

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times... the exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice...

  19. 77 FR 38374 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Human Beast: German...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ... Expressionism at The San Diego Museum of Art'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations...: German Expressionism at The San Diego Museum of Art'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition... exhibit objects at The San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA, from on or about July 21, 2012, until on or...

  20. 76 FR 36166 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Gabriel von Max: Be...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Gabriel von Max: Be-Tailed Cousins... the exhibition ``Gabriel von Max: Be-Tailed Cousins and Phantasms of the Soul,'' imported from...

  1. 78 FR 11725 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Claes Oldenburg: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-19

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Claes Oldenburg: The Street and The... Street and The Store,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of... Art, New York, New York, from on or about April 14, 2013, until on or about August 5, 2013, the Walker...

  2. 78 FR 26682 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hall of Ancient Egypt”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Hall of Ancient Egypt'' AGENCY... pertaining to the exhibition ``Hall of Ancient Egypt.'' The referenced notice is corrected here to include... of Ancient Egypt,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  3. General and specific effects of lexicon in grammar: determiner and object pronoun omissions in child Spanish.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Leroux, Ana Teresa; Castilla-Earls, Anny Patricia; Brunner, Jerry

    2012-04-01

    This study explores the hypothesis that vocabulary growth can have 2 types of effects in morphosyntactic development. One is a general effect, where vocabulary growth globally determines utterance complexity, defined in terms of sentence length and rates of subordination. There are also specific effects, where vocabulary size has a selective impact on the acquisition of grammatical markers and where lexicon is a prerequisite for typological convergence. The study compares the differential effects of vocabulary in 2 measures of morphosyntactic development: omissions of object clitic pronouns and definite articles. Correlation analysis and structural equation models were used to analyze the statistical effects of measures of vocabulary and grammatical development in 110 Spanish-speaking monolingual children ages 3-5 years. The data revealed general effects of vocabulary growth on utterance length and subordination rates and on the use of definite determiners and object pronouns. Specific effects of vocabulary growth were identified for object pronouns but not for determiners. The study found support for a 2-dimensional model separating lexicon and syntax and for 2 types of relationships. Vocabulary development generally determines sentence complexity and further evidence for specific effects in object pronoun use.

  4. 77 FR 22833 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Edouard Vuillard: A...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Edouard Vuillard: A Painter and His... pertaining to the exhibit ``Edouard Vuillard: A Painter and His Muses, 1890-1940.'' The reference notice is... exhibition ``Edouard Vuillard: A Painter and His Muses, 1890-1940,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  5. Four Scenarios for Determining the Size and Reusability of Learning Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoonenboom, Judith

    2012-01-01

    The best method for determining the size of learning objects (LOs) so as to optimise their reusability has been a topic of debate for years now. Although there appears to be agreement on basic assumptions, developed guidelines and principles are often in conflict. This study shows that this confusion stems from the fact that in the literature,…

  6. 76 FR 60112 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Byzantium and Islam: Age...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... Islam: Age of Transition (7th-9th Century),'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  7. 77 FR 48582 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Plants of Virtue and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Plants of Virtue and Rocks by a... ``Plants of Virtue and Rocks by a Stream'' by Shitao to be imported by The Santa Barbara Museum of Art from...

  8. 77 FR 2340 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Snapshot: Painters and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Snapshot: Painters and Photography... Photography, Bonnard to Vuillard'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are... Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianpolis, IN, from on or about June 8, 2012, until on or about September 2, 2012...

  9. 78 FR 16565 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times'' ACTION... exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice was corrected on...

  10. 78 FR 62354 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-18

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times'' ACTION... exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice was corrected on...

  11. 77 FR 64373 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-19

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times,'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times... the exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice is...

  12. Determining the 3-D structure and motion of objects using a scanning laser range sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nandhakumar, N.; Smith, Philip W.

    1993-12-01

    In order for the EVAHR robot to autonomously track and grasp objects, its vision system must be able to determine the 3-D structure and motion of an object from a sequence of sensory images. This task is accomplished by the use of a laser radar range sensor which provides dense range maps of the scene. Unfortunately, the currently available laser radar range cameras use a sequential scanning approach which complicates image analysis. Although many algorithms have been developed for recognizing objects from range images, none are suited for use with single beam, scanning, time-of-flight sensors because all previous algorithms assume instantaneous acquisition of the entire image. This assumption is invalid since the EVAHR robot is equipped with a sequential scanning laser range sensor. If an object is moving while being imaged by the device, the apparent structure of the object can be significantly distorted due to the significant non-zero delay time between sampling each image pixel. If an estimate of the motion of the object can be determined, this distortion can be eliminated; but, this leads to the motion-structure paradox - most existing algorithms for 3-D motion estimation use the structure of objects to parameterize their motions. The goal of this research is to design a rigid-body motion recovery technique which overcomes this limitation. The method being developed is an iterative, linear, feature-based approach which uses the non-zero image acquisition time constraint to accurately recover the motion parameters from the distorted structure of the 3-D range maps. Once the motion parameters are determined, the structural distortion in the range images is corrected.

  13. Determining the 3-D structure and motion of objects using a scanning laser range sensor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nandhakumar, N.; Smith, Philip W.

    1993-01-01

    In order for the EVAHR robot to autonomously track and grasp objects, its vision system must be able to determine the 3-D structure and motion of an object from a sequence of sensory images. This task is accomplished by the use of a laser radar range sensor which provides dense range maps of the scene. Unfortunately, the currently available laser radar range cameras use a sequential scanning approach which complicates image analysis. Although many algorithms have been developed for recognizing objects from range images, none are suited for use with single beam, scanning, time-of-flight sensors because all previous algorithms assume instantaneous acquisition of the entire image. This assumption is invalid since the EVAHR robot is equipped with a sequential scanning laser range sensor. If an object is moving while being imaged by the device, the apparent structure of the object can be significantly distorted due to the significant non-zero delay time between sampling each image pixel. If an estimate of the motion of the object can be determined, this distortion can be eliminated; but, this leads to the motion-structure paradox - most existing algorithms for 3-D motion estimation use the structure of objects to parameterize their motions. The goal of this research is to design a rigid-body motion recovery technique which overcomes this limitation. The method being developed is an iterative, linear, feature-based approach which uses the non-zero image acquisition time constraint to accurately recover the motion parameters from the distorted structure of the 3-D range maps. Once the motion parameters are determined, the structural distortion in the range images is corrected.

  14. Sensor for real-time determining the polarization state distribution in the object images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kilosanidze, Barbara; Kakauridze, George; Kvernadze, Teimuraz; Kurkhuli, Georgi

    2015-10-01

    An innovative real-time polarimetric method is presented based on the integral polarization-holographic diffraction element developed by us. This element is suggested to be used for real time analysis of the polarization state of light, to help highlight military equipment in a scene. In the process of diffraction, the element decomposes light incoming on them onto orthogonal circular and linear basis. The simultaneous measurement of the intensities of four diffracted beams by means of photodetectors and the appropriate software enable the polarization state of an analyzable light (all the four Stokes parameters) and its change to be obtained in real time. The element with photodetectors and software is a sensor of the polarization state. Such a sensor allows the point-by-point distribution of the polarization state in the images of objects to be determined. The spectral working range of such an element is 530 - 1600 nm. This sensor is compact, lightweight and relatively cheap, and it can be easily installed on any space and airborne platforms. It has no mechanically moving or electronically controlled elements. The speed of its operation is limited only by computer processing. Such a sensor is proposed to be use for the determination of the characteristics of the surface of objects at optical remote sensing by means of the determination of the distribution of the polarization state of light in the image of recognizable object and the dispersion of this distribution, which provides additional information while identifying an object. The possibility of detection of a useful signal of the predetermined polarization on a background of statistically random noise of an underlying surface is also possible. The application of the sensor is also considered for the nondestructive determination of the distribution of stressed state in different constructions based on the determination of the distribution of the polarization state of light reflected from the object under

  15. Subject-Object Asymmetry in the Second Language Acquisition of English Relatives and Embedded Wh-Questions.

    PubMed

    Kang, Hyun-Sook

    2016-12-01

    This study examined subject-object asymmetry and developmental sequence in the second language (L2) acquisition of three types of wh-extraction, i.e., English headed relatives, headless relatives, and embedded wh-questions. Sixty-four L1 Korean learners of English completed an elicited imitation task and a grammaticality judgment task. The learners demonstrated a subject advantage in the headed RCs and headless RCs, but an object advantage in the embedded wh-questions, which suggests that they treat embedded wh-questions differently from headed relatives and headless relatives despite the similarities in surface forms. The learners further demonstrated the order of developing headless RCs followed by embedded wh-questions, and subsequently headed RCs, which supports the primacy of headless relatives as a simple nominal in L2 development.

  16. 78 FR 5555 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “SHANGAA, Art of Tanzania”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000 (and, as appropriate, Delegation of Authority No. 257 of April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``SHANGAA, Art of Tanzania,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at QCC Art Gallery, Queensborough Community College, Bayside, NY, from on or about February 22, 2013, until on or about May 17, 2013; the Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine, from on or about June 8, 2013, until on or about August 25, 2013, and at possible additional exhibitions or venues yet to be determined, is in the national interest. I have ordered that Public Notice of these Determinations be published in the Federal Register.

  17. 76 FR 20802 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ancestors of the Lake...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ancestors of the Lake: Art from Lake Sentani and Humboldt Bay,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas, from on or about May 6, 2011, until on or about August 28, 2011, and at possible additional exhibitions or venues yet to be determined, is in the national interest. I have ordered that Public Notice of these Determinations be published in the Federal Register.

  18. 75 FR 43225 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Man, Myth, and Sensual...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Man, Myth, and Sensual Pleasures: Jan Gossart's Renaissance,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about October 5, 2010, until on or about January 17, 2011, and at possible additional exhibitions or venues yet to be determined, is in the national interest. Public Notice of these Determinations is ordered to be published in the Federal Register.

  19. 77 FR 60004 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Wtewael's Adam and Eve”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000 (and, as appropriate, Delegation of Authority No. 257 of April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Wtewael's Adam and Eve,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, is of cultural significance. The object is imported pursuant to a loan agreement with the foreign owner or custodian. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit object at The Frick Collection, New York, NY, from on or about October 8, 2012, until on or about April 8, 2015, and at possible additional exhibitions or venues yet to be determined, is in the national interest. I have ordered that Public Notice of these Determinations be published in the Federal Register.

  20. 75 FR 13806 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Loan From the Aura...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No. 236 of October 19, 1999, as amended, and Delegation of Authority No. 257 of April 15, 2003 [68 FR 19875], I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Loan from the Aura Collection of a Winged Figure Pendant,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, is of cultural significance. The object is imported pursuant to a loan agreement with the foreign owner or custodian. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit object at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about May 15, 2010, until on or about May 15, 2013, and at possible additional exhibitions or venues yet to be determined, is in the national interest. I have ordered that Public Notice of these Determinations be published in the Federal Register.

  1. The Status of Subject-Object Reanalyses in the Language Comprehension Architecture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haupt, Friederike S.; Schlesewsky, Matthias; Roehm, Dietmar; Friederici, Angela D.; Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the hypothesis that grammatical function reanalyses in simple sentences should not be treated as phrase structure revisions, but rather as increased costs in "linking" an argument from a syntactic to a semantic representation. To this end, we investigated whether subject-object reanalyses in German verb-final sentences can be…

  2. Enhancing Problem-Solving Capabilities Using Object-Oriented Programming Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unuakhalu, Mike F.

    2009-01-01

    This study integrated object-oriented programming instruction with transfer training activities in everyday tasks, which might provide a mechanism that can be used for efficient problem solving. Specifically, a Visual BASIC embedded with everyday tasks group was compared to another group exposed to Visual BASIC instruction only. Subjects were 40…

  3. Innovative Language-Based & Object-Oriented Structured AMR Using Fortran 90 and OpenMP

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Norton, C.; Balsara, D.

    1999-01-01

    Parallel adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) is an important numerical technique that leads to the efficient solution of many physical and engineering problems. In this paper, we describe how AMR programing can be performed in an object-oreinted way using the modern aspects of Fortran 90 combined with the parallelization features of OpenMP.

  4. Enhancing Problem-Solving Capabilities Using Object-Oriented Programming Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unuakhalu, Mike F.

    2009-01-01

    This study integrated object-oriented programming instruction with transfer training activities in everyday tasks, which might provide a mechanism that can be used for efficient problem solving. Specifically, a Visual BASIC embedded with everyday tasks group was compared to another group exposed to Visual BASIC instruction only. Subjects were 40…

  5. The impact of vocal warm-up exercises on the objective vocal quality in female students training to be speech language pathologists.

    PubMed

    Van Lierde, Kristiane M; D'haeseleer, Evelien; Baudonck, Nele; Claeys, Sofie; De Bodt, Mark; Behlau, Mara

    2011-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a specific vocal warm-up (WU) program-focused on the improvement of the dynamics of the extrinsic and intrinsic laryngeal muscles-on the objective vocal quality in Dutch female students who are getting trained to be speech language pathologists (SLPs). Hypothetically, one can assume that the objective vocal quality will increase after vocal WU exercises in SLPs in comparison with the matched control group that receives no WU program. This was a pretest-posttest control group design study, in which 45 female future SLPs were randomly assigned into two groups. The experimental group received a well-defined vocal WU program, whereas the control group took 30 minutes of vocal rest. Objective assessment techniques (aerodynamic, vocal range, acoustic measurements, and Dysphonia Severity Index [DSI]) were used. After vocal WU, a significant increased DSI value, increased vocal performance (with lower intensity and higher frequency), and increased fundamental frequency (F₀) were measured. Clinically, there is clear evidence that warming up the vocal mechanism is beneficial to the objective vocal quality and the vocal performance in future SLPs. To what extent the repetition of these vocal WU exercises has the possibility to maintain increased objective vocal quality in these future professional voice users is subject to further research. Copyright © 2011 The Voice Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Objective determination of image end-members in spectral mixture analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tompkins, Stefanie; Mustard, John F.; Pieters, Carle M.; Forsyth, Donald W.

    1993-01-01

    Spectral mixture analysis was shown to be a powerful, multifaceted tool for analysis of multi- and hyper-spectral data. The essence of the first phase of the approach is to determine a set of image end-members that best account for the spectral variance in an image cube within a constrained, linear least squares mixing model. The selection of the image end-member is usually achieved using a priori knowledge and successive trial and error solutions to refine the total number and physical location of the end-members. However, in many situations a more objective method of determining these essential components is desired. The problem of image end-member determination was approached objectively by using the inherent variance of the data. Unlike purely statistical methods such as factor analysis, this approach derives solutions that conform to a physically realistic model.

  7. Objective determination of image end-members in spectral mixture analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tompkins, Stefanie; Mustard, John F.; Pieters, Carle M.; Forsyth, Donald W.

    1993-01-01

    Spectral mixture analysis was shown to be a powerful, multifaceted tool for analysis of multi- and hyper-spectral data. The essence of the first phase of the approach is to determine a set of image end-members that best account for the spectral variance in an image cube within a constrained, linear least squares mixing model. The selection of the image end-member is usually achieved using a priori knowledge and successive trial and error solutions to refine the total number and physical location of the end-members. However, in many situations a more objective method of determining these essential components is desired. The problem of image end-member determination was approached objectively by using the inherent variance of the data. Unlike purely statistical methods such as factor analysis, this approach derives solutions that conform to a physically realistic model.

  8. Handedness for grasping objects and pointing and the development of language in 14-month-old infants.

    PubMed

    Esseily, Rana; Jacquet, Anne-Yvonne; Fagard, Jacqueline

    2011-09-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between object-related handedness and handedness for communicative gestures. We observed 22 infants aged 14 months on a baby laterality test consisting of grasping objects in different conditions, on a pointing task with targets placed out of reach at different spatial positions from left to right, and on word understanding and word production. Results show that 77% of infants pointed to the left, middle, and right targets. The majority of infants were right-handed for pointing--except for the far left target--and, to a lesser extent, for grasping objects, but there was no significant relation between the two measures of handedness. The frequency of pointing tended to be related to the number of words understood, and infants right-handed for pointing understood and produced significantly more words than non-right-handed pointers. These results are interpreted as confirming the link between pointing and language development, and as showing that communicative gesture lateralisation is not a mere consequence of object-related handedness, at least during development. Whether lateralised communicative gesture reinforces a pre-existing tendency to use the right hand to interact with objects remains an open question.

  9. Modular Sequence: English as a Second Language, Methods and Techniques. TTP 001.04 Psychology and Second-Language Teaching: Determining Factors of Success. Teachers Corps Bilingual Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.

    This learning module is designed to provide the prospective second-language teacher with an overview of the social and psychological factors affecting second-language learning and practical classroom application of this knowledge. The specific objectives of the module are to: (a) enable the student to explain the roles of attitude, age, aptitude,…

  10. 76 FR 58074 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Sanja Iveković: Sweet...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Sanja Ivekovi : Sweet Violence... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Sanja Ivekovi : Sweet Violence,'' imported...

  11. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Sanja Iveković: Sweet...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Sanja Ivekovi : Sweet Violence... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Sanja Ivekovi : Sweet Violence,'' imported...

  12. 75 FR 74126 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso: Guitars 1912-1914”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Picasso: Guitars 1912-1914'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Picasso: Guitars...

  13. 78 FR 79559 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Miró: The Experience of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mir : The Experience of Seeing... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Mir : The Experience of Seeing,''...

  14. 75 FR 48736 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Miró: The Dutch Interiors”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mir : The Dutch Interiors'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Mir : The Dutch...

  15. 76 FR 30228 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Portrait of a Man”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Portrait of a Man'', imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, is of cultural significance. The object is imported pursuant to a loan agreement with the foreign owner or custodian. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit object at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York, from on or about June 1, 2011, until on or about December 31, 2016, is in the national interest. Public Notice of these Determinations is ordered to be published in the Federal Register.

  16. Determinants of subjective and objective burden of informal caregiving of patients with psychotic disorders

    PubMed Central

    Flyckt, Lena; Fatouros-Bergman, Helena; Koernig, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Background: In a previous study, the objective burden of informal caregiving to patients with psychotic disorders amounted to 22 hours/week, and the subjective burden was huge with predominately anxiety and depression as main symptoms. In this study, determinants of the informal caregiving burden are analyzed to find foci for interventions to ease the size of burden. Methods: Patients with psychotic disorders (n = 107) and their informal caregivers (n = 118) were included. They were assessed with a comprehensive battery of rating scales including patient and caregiver characteristics as well as the amount and quality of health-care provision. Results: A multiple linear regression analysis showed that the subjective burden was significantly lower when patients had higher levels of functioning and when the health status of the informal caregivers was good. No significant determinants were found for the objective burden, but an association was found between a higher socioeconomic status of the caregivers and the amount of money provided for the patient. An association was also found between a positive perception of caregiving and more hours spent on caregiving. Conclusion: The functioning level of the patients was the main determinant of the subjective burden of informal care. For the objective burden, no main determinant was found. PMID:25770207

  17. Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kretschmer, Richard R.; Kretschmer, Laura W.

    1990-01-01

    This paper discusses language in use, focusing on English, including definitions of language as well as how it has been and how it should be taught inside and outside the classroom. Impact of this information on the process of evaluation of hearing-impaired students' language is also considered. (Author/PB)

  18. Regional and Hemispheric Determinants of Language Laterality: Implications for Preoperative fMRI

    PubMed Central

    Seghier, Mohamed L; Kherif, Ferath; Josse, Goulven; Price, Cathy J

    2011-01-01

    Language is typically a function of the left hemisphere but the right hemisphere is also essential in some healthy individuals and patients. This inter-subject variability necessitates the localization of language function, at the individual level, prior to neurosurgical intervention. Such assessments are typically made by comparing left and right hemisphere language function to determinelanguage lateralization” using clinical tests or fMRI. Here, we show that language function needs to be assessed at the region and hemisphere specific level, because laterality measures can be misleading. Using fMRI data from 82 healthy participants, we investigated the degree to which activation for a semantic word matching task was lateralized in 50 different brain regions and across the entire cortex. This revealed two novel findings. First, the degree to which language is lateralized across brain regions and between subjects was primarily driven by differences in right hemisphere activation rather than differences in left hemisphere activation. Second, we found that healthy subjects who have relatively high left lateralization in the angular gyrus also have relatively low left lateralization in the ventral precentral gyrus. These findings illustrate spatial heterogeneity in language lateralization that is lost when global laterality measures are considered. It is likely that the complex spatial variability we observed in healthy controls is more exaggerated in patients with brain damage. We therefore highlight the importance of investigating within hemisphere regional variations in fMRI activation, prior to neuro-surgical intervention, to determine how each hemisphere and each region contributes to language processing. Hum Brain Mapp, 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. PMID:20814960

  19. Vision Algorithms to Determine Shape and Distance for Manipulation of Unmodeled Objects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montes, Leticia; Bowers, David; Lumia, Ron

    1998-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of a robotic system for general use in an unstructured environment. This is illustrated through pick and place of randomly positioned, un-modeled objects. There are many applications for this project, including rock collection for the Mars Surveyor Program. This system is demonstrated with a Puma560 robot, Barrett hand, Cognex vision system, and Cimetrix simulation and control, all running on a PC. The demonstration consists of two processes: vision system and robotics. The vision system determines the size and location of the unknown objects. The robotics part consists of moving the robot to the object, configuring the hand based on the information from the vision system, then performing the pick/place operation. This work enhances and is a part of the Low Cost Virtual Collaborative Environment which provides remote simulation and control of equipment.

  20. Vision Algorithms to Determine Shape and Distance for Manipulation of Unmodeled Objects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montes, Leticia; Bowers, David; Lumia, Ron

    1998-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of a robotic system for general use in an unstructured environment. This is illustrated through pick and place of randomly positioned, un-modeled objects. There are many applications for this project, including rock collection for the Mars Surveyor Program. This system is demonstrated with a Puma560 robot, Barrett hand, Cognex vision system, and Cimetrix simulation and control, all running on a PC. The demonstration consists of two processes: vision system and robotics. The vision system determines the size and location of the unknown objects. The robotics part consists of moving the robot to the object, configuring the hand based on the information from the vision system, then performing the pick/place operation. This work enhances and is a part of the Low Cost Virtual Collaborative Environment which provides remote simulation and control of equipment.

  1. Redshift Determination of BL Lac Objects as from Detection of Their Host Groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Torres Zafra, J.; Cellone, S. A.; Andruchow, I.; Buzzoni, A.; Portilla Barbosa, J. G.

    2017-07-01

    BL Lac objects are a subclass of blazars showing strong, non-thermal variable emission from radio to TeV energies. Their properties are usually attributed to beamed emission from a relativistic jet which is close to the line of sight. The lack of emission and/or absorption features in the optical spectra of these objects, makes the accurate determination of their redshifts very uncertain or even impossible. Since these sources are typically hosted by elliptical galaxies that are associated with groups or poor clusters, the detection of one of these structures in their close environment, serves as an estimator of their possible redshift. For this reason we perform a spectrophotometric study of the close environments of a sample of three BL Lac objects with unknown redshift: 3C 66A, PG 1553+113 and PKS 0332-403.

  2. Objective determination of image end-members in spectral mixture analysis of AVIRIS data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tompkins, Stefanie; Mustard, John F.; Pieters, Carle M.; Forsyth, Donald W.

    1993-01-01

    Spectral mixture analysis has been shown to be a powerful, multifaceted tool for analysis of multi- and hyper-spectral data. Applications of AVIRIS data have ranged from mapping soils and bedrock to ecosystem studies. During the first phase of the approach, a set of end-members are selected from an image cube (image end-members) that best account for its spectral variance within a constrained, linear least squares mixing model. These image end-members are usually selected using a priori knowledge and successive trial and error solutions to refine the total number and physical location of the end-members. However, in many situations a more objective method of determining these essential components is desired. We approach the problem of image end-member determination objectively by using the inherent variance of the data. Unlike purely statistical methods such as factor analysis, this approach derives solutions that conform to a physically realistic model.

  3. Integrating Intercultural and Communicative Objectives in the Foreign Language Class: A Proposal for the Integration of Two Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borghetti, Claudia

    2013-01-01

    The "intercultural turn" of the 1990s brought about the introduction of the terms "Foreign Language Education" and "Intercultural Foreign Language Education" (IFLE) in place of "language teaching". These terms broaden the aims of language education to include students' intercultural competence (IC),…

  4. Determinants of translation ambiguity: A within and cross-language comparison.

    PubMed

    Degani, Tamar; Prior, Anat; Eddington, Chelsea M; Arêas da Luz Fontes, Ana B; Tokowicz, Natasha

    2016-01-01

    Ambiguity in translation is highly prevalent, and has consequences for second-language learning and for bilingual lexical processing. To better understand this phenomenon, the current study compared the determinants of translation ambiguity across four sets of translation norms from English to Spanish, Dutch, German and Hebrew. The number of translations an English word received was correlated across these different languages, and was also correlated with the number of senses the word has in English, demonstrating that translation ambiguity is partially determined by within-language semantic ambiguity. For semantically-ambiguous English words, the probability of the different translations in Spanish and Hebrew was predicted by the meaning-dominance structure in English, beyond the influence of other lexical and semantic factors, for bilinguals translating from their L1, and translating from their L2. These findings are consistent with models postulating direct access to meaning from L2 words for moderately-proficient bilinguals.

  5. Results on the spatial resolution of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for cortical language mapping during object naming in healthy subjects.

    PubMed

    Sollmann, Nico; Hauck, Theresa; Tussis, Lorena; Ille, Sebastian; Maurer, Stefanie; Boeckh-Behrens, Tobias; Ringel, Florian; Meyer, Bernhard; Krieg, Sandro M

    2016-10-24

    The spatial resolution of repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for language mapping is largely unknown. Thus, to determine a minimum spatial resolution of rTMS for language mapping, we evaluated the mapping sessions derived from 19 healthy volunteers for cortical hotspots of no-response errors. Then, the distances between hotspots (stimulation points with a high error rate) and adjacent mapping points (stimulation points with low error rates) were evaluated. Mean distance values of 13.8 ± 6.4 mm (from hotspots to ventral points, range 0.7-30.7 mm), 10.8 ± 4.8 mm (from hotspots to dorsal points, range 2.0-26.5 mm), 16.6 ± 4.8 mm (from hotspots to apical points, range 0.9-27.5 mm), and 13.8 ± 4.3 mm (from hotspots to caudal points, range 2.0-24.2 mm) were measured. According to the results, the minimum spatial resolution of rTMS should principally allow for the identification of a particular gyrus, and according to the literature, it is in good accordance with the spatial resolution of direct cortical stimulation (DCS). Since measurement was performed between hotspots and adjacent mapping points and not on a finer-grained basis, we only refer to a minimum spatial resolution. Furthermore, refinement of our results within the scope of a prospective study combining rTMS and DCS for resolution measurement during language mapping should be the next step.

  6. Objective determination of skin phototypes in healthy children by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Petrovajova, M; Carska, N; Novotny, M

    2014-01-01

    The clinical method of evaluating the color of the skin based on visual assessment is subjective and thus inaccurate. The objective determination of skin phototypes and levels of melanin in the skin is important for diagnosing the pigment disorders and also for adequate photoprotection. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) is a non-invasive, precise and objective method for quantifying the melanin levels. The aim of this study is to assess the characteristic DRS spectrum of healthy skin in children and to detect the differences between them based on age, gender and skin phototype. Skin pigmentation was measured by DRS in 73 children patients with experimental spectrophotometer UM-ES600. The amount of melanin is quantified from the obtained DRS spectra by proposed melanin quantification angle α obtained by comparing the reflectance properties of skin sample and universal depigmented sample (albino skin). We evaluated spectroscopic characteristics of children's healthy skin depending on age, gender and phototype. The value of melanin quantification angle α grew proportionally from phototype I to phototype IV, without any correlation to age or gender. We confirmed a clear association between clinical determination of Fitzpatrick's skin phototypes and objective data collected by DRS and related angle α. Our proposed index quantifies the difference in melanin levels in healthy children skin and also for different skin phototypes. The proposed method and melanin quantification angle α can further be used for the objectification of the progress of pigmentary diseases or for monitoring the effect of their therapy (Tab. 5, Fig. 4, Ref. 29).

  7. Determining the material type of man-made orbiting objects using low-resolution reflectance spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jorgensen, Kira; Africano, John L.; Stansbery, Eugene G.; Kervin, Paul W.; Hamada, Kris M.; Sydney, Paul F.

    2001-12-01

    The purpose of this research is to improve the knowledge of the physical properties of orbital debris, specifically the material type. Combining the use of the fast-tracking United States Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) telescopes with a common astronomical technique, spectroscopy, and NASA resources was a natural step toward determining the material type of orbiting objects remotely. Currently operating at the AFRL Maui Optical Site (AMOS) is a 1.6-meter telescope designed to track fast moving objects like those found in lower Earth orbit (LEO). Using the spectral range of 0.4 - 0.9 microns (4000 - 9000 angstroms), researchers can separate materials into classification ranges. Within the above range, aluminum, paints, plastics, and other metals have different absorption features as well as slopes in their respective spectra. The spectrograph used on this telescope yields a three-angstrom resolution; large enough to see smaller features mentioned and thus determine the material type of the object. The results of the NASA AMOS Spectral Study (NASS) are presented herein.

  8. Determining the ROI of an Online English as a Second Language Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathan, Edward P.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the methodology used to determine the return on investment (ROI) of an online English as a Second Language (ESL) program. The online ESL program was implemented in over 20 countries, and the scope of the analysis includes data from all participating countries. A form of ROI analysis had been conducted annually prior to the…

  9. Determining the ROI of an Online English as a Second Language Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathan, Edward P.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the methodology used to determine the return on investment (ROI) of an online English as a Second Language (ESL) program. The online ESL program was implemented in over 20 countries, and the scope of the analysis includes data from all participating countries. A form of ROI analysis had been conducted annually prior to the…

  10. The role of near-Sun objects in determining the population of Chelyabinsk-type bodies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Emel'yanenko, V.

    2014-07-01

    We have calculated the orbit of the Chelyabinsk object, applying the least-squares method directly to its astrometric positions (Emel'yanenko, Naroenkov, Jenniskens, Popova, 2014). A study of the backward dynamical evolution by integrating equations of motion for particles with orbits from the confidence region has shown that the majority of the Chelyabinsk clones reach the near-Sun state. An analysis of other meteorites with well-determined orbits also demonstrates frequent approaches of these bodies to the Sun in the past. In addition, we have found many observed near-Earth asteroids that had small perihelion distances in the past. In extreme near-Sun cases, asteroids should experience thermal and tidal disintegration. It is interesting to note that examples of such near-Sun objects are probably observed now as 'sunskirting comets'. Some members of the Kracht and Marsden families have been observed in a few apparitions. A detailed investigation of their forward motion shows that these bodies evolve to orbits of typical near-Earth objects. Thus they can generate Chelyabinsk-sized bodies in near-Earth space. We conclude that encounters of small bodies with the Sun play an important role in the production of near-Earth objects.

  11. The Predictive Value of Admissions Materials on Objective and Subjective Measures of Graduate School Performance in Speech-Language Pathology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halberstam, Benjamin; Redstone, Fran

    2005-01-01

    A correlational study was conducted to determine which of a number of variables derived from the admissions material were predictive of student success in the graduate program at Lehman College of the City University of New York. An objective measure of student success, graduate grade point average (GPA) was significantly correlated with GPA for…

  12. The number of objects determines visual working memory capacity allocation for complex items.

    PubMed

    Balaban, Halely; Luria, Roy

    2015-10-01

    The goal of the present study was to examine whether visual working memory (WM) capacity allocation is determined solely by complexity, with the number of objects being redundant, as suggested by flexible resource models. Participants performed the change detection task with random polygons as stimuli, while we monitored the contralateral delay activity (CDA), an electrophysiological marker whose amplitude rises as WM load increases. In Experiment 1, we compared the WM maintenance of one whole polygon to a single half of the polygon, equating the number of items but varying the complexity level. Additionally, we compared the whole polygon to two halves of a polygon, thus roughly equating perceptual complexity but manipulating the number of items. The results suggested that only the number of objects determined WM capacity allocation: the CDA was identical when comparing one whole polygon to one polygon half, even though these conditions differed in complexity. Furthermore, the CDA amplitude was lower in the whole polygon condition relative to the two halves condition, even though both contained roughly the same amount of information. Experiment 2 extended these results by showing that two polygon halves that moved separately but then met and moved together were gradually integrated to consume similar WM capacity as one polygon half. Additionally, in both experiments we found an object benefit in accuracy, corroborating the important role of objects in WM. Our results demonstrate that WM capacity allocation cannot be explained by complexity alone. Instead, it is highly sensitive to objecthood, as suggested by discrete slot models. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. 75 FR 54692 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Miró: The Dutch Interiors”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mir : The Dutch Interiors'' ACTION... ''Mir : The Dutch Interiors.'' The reference notice is corrected to accommodate an additional object to... determine that the additional object to be included in the exhibition ``Mir : The Dutch...

  14. Context-sensitive neural responses to conflict resolution: electrophysiological evidence from subject-object ambiguities in language comprehension.

    PubMed

    Schlesewsky, Matthias; Bornkessel, Ina

    2006-07-07

    Reanalysis in language comprehension provides a window on how superficially similar processes of conflict resolution may differ depending on the context in which they are initiated. Thus, previous ERP studies have shown that reanalyses towards object-initial orders in German sentences with dative-active verbs (e.g., folgen, 'to follow') engender N400 effects, while reanalyses with accusative verbs (e.g., besuchen, 'to visit') elicit P600 effects. This difference appears surprising since these two verb classes are both associated with a subject-initial base order. The present paper reports two ERP experiments designed to shed further light on the nature of the conflict resolution processes involved in each case by examining structures in which word order disambiguation is separated from verb class disambiguation. Experiment 1 contrasted dative-active verbs with accusative verbs, while Experiment 2 compared dative-active and dative object-experiencer verbs (which are associated with an object-initial base order). Our results show that the reanalysis pattern for dative-active constructions is context-dependent: when verb class disambiguation precedes word order disambiguation, an N400-P600 pattern results. By contrast, the reanalysis patterns for the other two verb types are context independent: object-experiencer verbs invariably show an N400 and accusative verbs invariably show a P600. We argue that (a) the N400 is a general marker of reanalysis in dative sentences, reflecting an argument reindexation, while (b) the P600 in accusative sentences reflects a structural recomputation. The variable pattern for dative-active sentences reflects the (in)applicability of "good-enough" representations during conflict resolution in garden path sentences.

  15. An Objective Method for Determining the Generalized Transport. Tensor for Two-Dimensional Eulerian Models.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-15

    sn nt No. Uf 9 0 FAA-EE 80’-32 ( 4 111 ond A& i~ 5. Rrp.,t Date An Objective Method for Determining the Generalized August 15, 1980 Transport.Tensor...viewpoints. Although a complete des- cription would yield the same results, one’s subjective concepts of the trans- port could be considerably different for...filtered set that spans the three-dimensional space. J. Mahlman of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) has devel- oped and tested such a

  16. [Determination of the real size of an object on the fundus of the living eye].

    PubMed

    Littmann, H

    1982-04-01

    A method is described which allows the real diameter of an object on the fundus to be determined by means of a system of curves which are the result of trigonometrical calculations and which give an approximate value; only a photograph of the fundus, a measurement of the ametropia and of the radius of the anterior surface of the cornea are required. The results can be corrected with a second graph, which makes use of the length of the optical axis of the eye.

  17. [Gas chromatographic determination of N,N-asymmetric dimethylhydrazine in different environmental objects].

    PubMed

    Kuznetsova, L V; Egorova, G I; Mironov, A A

    2008-01-01

    The paper describes different guidelines used to develop a procedure for gas chromatographic determination of N,N-asymmetric dimethylhydrazine (NDMH) in various environmental objects in the area of a missile-dismantling base. The authors showed that the use of a capillary column with a 5-microm liquid phase layer on a Kristall-5000 chromatograph with a nitrogenous phosphoric detector (Russia) allowed development of a unified gas chromatographic procedure for determining NDMH in air, water, soil, biological material (urine), and plant cover (moss, couch-grass). The procedures differ in the way how to prepare samples and the analysis itself is based on conversion of NDMH to N,N-dimethylhydrazone-4-nitrobenzaldehyde, its liquid extraction from water, concentration of the extract via evaporation and assay by the internal standard test.

  18. Using Object-Based Activities and an Online Inquiry Platform to Support Learners' Engagement with Their Heritage Language and Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charitonos, Koula; Charalampidi, Marina; Scanlon, Eileen

    2016-01-01

    Heritage language education is distinct from the field of second language acquisition due to having the concept of identity always at its core (Leeman, Rabin, & Roman-Mendoza, 2012). This paper draws on this concept and presents an action research study focusing on the teaching and learning of Greek as a heritage language in the context of…

  19. The linguistic context effects on the processing of body-object interaction words: An ERP study on second language learners.

    PubMed

    Xue, Jin; Marmolejo-Ramos, Fernando; Pei, Xuna

    2015-07-10

    Embodied theories of cognition argue that the processing of both concrete and abstract concepts requires the activation of sensorimotor systems. The present study examined the time course for embedding a sensorimotor context in order to elicit sensitivity to the sensorimotor consequences of understanding body-object interaction (BOI) words. In the study, Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) were recorded while subjects performed a sentence acceptability task. Target BOI words were preceded by rich or poor sensorimotor sentential contexts. The behavioural results replicated previous findings in that high BOI words received a response faster than low BOI words. In addition to this, however, there was a context effect in the sensorimotor region as well as a BOI effect in the parietal region (involved in object representation). The results indicate that the sentential sensorimotor context contributes to the subsequent BOI processing and that action-and perception-related language leads to the activation of the same brain areas, which is consistent with the embodiment theory. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadlin, Barry; Nemanich, Donald

    1974-01-01

    An article and a bibliography constitute this issue of the "Illinois English Bulletin." In "Keep the Natives from Getting Restless," Barry Gadlin examines native language learning by children from infancy through high school and discusses the theories of several authors concerning the teaching of the native language. The "Bibliography of…

  1. Optimal capture occasion determination and trajectory generation for space robots grasping tumbling objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Jianjun; Zong, Lijun; Wang, Mingming; Yuan, Jianping

    2017-07-01

    This paper presents an optimal trajectory planning scheme for robotic capturing of a tumbling object. Motion planning of a space robot is much more complex than that of a fixed-based robot, due to the dynamic coupling between the manipulator and its base. In this work, the Path Independent Workspace (PIW), in which no dynamic singularity occurs, and Path Dependent Workspace (PDW) of the space robot are first calculated by the proposed algorithm. The motion equations of the tumbling object are formulated based on the Euler dynamics equations and the quaternion, which are used to predict the long-term motion of a grasping point on the tumbling object. Subsequently, the obtained PIW workspace and predicted motion trajectories are used to plan the trajectory of the end-effector to intercept the grasping point with zero relative velocity (to avoid impact) in an optimal way. In order to avoid dynamic singularity occurring at the capture moment, the optimal capture occasion is first determined by three proposed criterions guaranteeing the capture can be safely, reliably and rapidly performed, then the optimal trajectory of the end-effector is generated minimizing a cost function which acts as a constraint on acceleration magnitude. Simulations are presented to demonstrate the trajectory planning scheme for a space robot with a 3-degree of freedom (DOF) manipulator grasping a tumbling satellite, the results show that the manipulator end-effector can smoothly intercept the grasping point on the tumbling satellite with zero relative velocity.

  2. Determination of object position, vortex shedding frequency and flow velocity using artificial lateral line canals

    PubMed Central

    Bleckmann, Horst

    2011-01-01

    Summary The lateral line system of fish consists of superficial neuromasts, and neuromasts embedded in lateral line canals. Lateral line neuromasts allow fish to sense both minute water motions and pressure gradients, thereby enabling them to detect predators and prey or to recognize and discriminate stationary objects while passing them. With the aid of the lateral line, fish can also sense vortices caused by an upstream object or by undulatory swimming movements of fish. We show here that artificial lateral line canals equipped with optical flow sensors can be used to detect the water motions generated by a stationary vibrating sphere, the vortices caused by an upstream cylinder or the water (air) movements caused by a passing object. The hydrodynamic information retrieved from optical flow sensors can be used to calculate bulk flow velocity and thus the size of the cylinder that shed the vortices. Even a bilateral sensor platform equipped with only one artificial lateral line canal on each side is sufficient to determine the position of an upstream cylinder. PMID:21977440

  3. Determination of curvature and twist of deformed object by digital holographic interferometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quan, C.; Chen, W.; Tay, C. J.

    2008-11-01

    This paper describes a feasibility study of digital holographic interferometry for the measurement of curvature and twist of a deformed object. Measurement of curvature and twist is an important aspect in experimental mechanics. Numerous methods have been proposed to determine the curvature and twist by using digital shearography. We proposed a novel method to determine curvature and twist based on digital holography (DH) and complex phasor (CP). In the conventional methods, phase difference between the first and second states is obtained directly by digital phase subtraction (DPS) and Fourier transform is then employed to extract phase maps. In this study, CP method is proposed to improve the quality of phase maps corresponding to second-order derivatives. Subsequently, sine/cosine transformation and short time Fourier transform (STFT) are employed to process the wrapped phase maps. An experiment is conducted on a clamped circular plate under a point load at centre. The experimental results show that the proposed method is valid and able to obtain high quality phase maps corresponding to curvature and twist of a deformed object.

  4. Determinants of Three-Year Change in Children's Objectively Measured Sedentary Time.

    PubMed

    Atkin, Andrew J; Foley, Louise; Corder, Kirsten; Ekelund, Ulf; van Sluijs, Esther M F

    2016-01-01

    Sedentary behaviours (SB) are highly prevalent in young people and may be adversely associated with physical and mental health. Understanding of the modifiable determinants of SB is necessary to inform the design of behaviour change interventions but much of the existing research is cross-sectional and focussed upon screen-based behaviours. To examine the social, psychological and environmental determinants of change in children's objectively measured sedentary time from age 11 to 14 years. Data are from the second (2008) and third (2011) waves of assessment in the Sport, Physical Activity, and Eating Behaviour: Environmental Determinants in Young People (SPEEDY) study, conducted in the county of Norfolk, United Kingdom. Longitudinal data on accelerometer assessed sedentary time were available for 316 (53.5% female, 11.2±0.3 years at baseline) and 264 children after-school and at the weekend respectively. Information on 14 candidate determinants, including school travel mode and electronic media ownership, was self-reported. Change in the proportion of registered time spent sedentary was used as the outcome variable in cross-classified linear regression models, adjusted for age, sex, body mass index and baseline sedentary time. Simple and multiple models were run and interactions with sex explored. Daily sedentary time increased by 30-40 minutes after-school and at the weekend from baseline to follow-up. Participants who travelled to school by cycle exhibited smaller increases in after-school sedentary time (beta; 95%CI for change in % time spent sedentary: -3.3;-6.7,-0.07). No significant determinants of change in weekend sedentary time were identified. Time spent sedentary increased during the three-year duration of follow-up but few of the variables examined were significantly associated with changes in sedentary time. Children's mode of school travel may influence changes in their sedentary time over this period and should be examined further, alongside

  5. [Functional magnetic resonance imaging in the determination of dominant language cerebral area].

    PubMed

    Meneses, Murilo S; Rocha, Samanta F Blattes; Blood, Marcelo R Young; Trentin, Alcides; Benites Filho, Paulo Roberto; Kowacs, Pedro André; Oliveira, Nelson de Andrade; Simão, Cristiane A; Awamura, Yumi; Vítola, Maria L A

    2004-03-01

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a technique for detecting minimal changes in brain perfusion and oxygenation secondary to neuronal activation. Its application in the pre-surgical evaluation of epileptic patients with temporal mesial sclerosis is currently being under investigation in several centers. This study aims to describe an activation paradigm for the evaluation of language and memory functions, as an alternative to the worldwide used Wada test, which is an invasive procedure. In order to propose a paradigm adapted to the Portuguese language, we report our experience in determining the dominant cerebral area for language through fMRI with a verbal fluency task. The results of the fMRI from 19 patients studied in Curitiba in a period of approximately two years were studied. Sixteen of them presented with left hemispheric cerebral language dominance. In five patients, results from fMRI and Wada test could be compared and agreed in localization. Our results reinforce the view that fMRI may become an essential tool for medical practice, perhaps for the determination of eloquent areas in the evaluation of candidates for epilepsy surgery.

  6. Objectively determined physical activity levels of primary school children in south-west Germany.

    PubMed

    Kettner, Sarah; Kobel, Susanne; Fischbach, Nanette; Drenowatz, Clemens; Dreyhaupt, Jens; Wirt, Tamara; Koch, Benjamin; Steinacker, Jürgen Michael

    2013-09-28

    Only a small proportion of children and adolescents meet current recommendations of at least 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily. Most of the available data, however, relies on subjective reports; there is limited objective data on physical activity (PA) levels in German primary school children. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to accurately determine how much time children spend undertaking different intensities of PA and being sedentary during weekdays and weekend using objective assessment tools. Gender-specific and age-related differences were examined along with differences between normal weight and overweight/obese children. Children's height and weight were measured according to standard procedures and objective PA measurements were determined in a sub-cohort of 384 primary school children (20% of the whole cohort), participating in a large school-based intervention study in south-west Germany (n = 1947). Baseline data collection occurred on six consecutive days, including weekend days, using multi-sensor accelerometry (Actiheart, CamNtech Ltd., Cambridge UK). 318 children (7.1 ± 0.6 years, male: 50%, first grade: 51%) provided data for at least 3 days including one weekend day. According to the amount of energy expended, defined as metabolic equivalents (METs), different activity intensities were categorised as follows: sedentary < 1.5 METs; light = 1.5-3.0 METs; moderate = 3.0-6.0 METs, and vigorous > 6.0 METs. Average wear time was 1403 ± 94 min/day. Children spent 808 ± 97 min/day being sedentary; 497 ± 72 min/day in light; 128 ± 54 min/day in moderate, and 8 ± 10 min/day in vigorous intensity. 48% of children met the current MVPA guidelines. MVPA was significantly higher on weekdays compared to weekend days (144 ± 66 vs. 113 ± 66 min/day; p < 0.001). Furthermore, boys displayed higher MVPA levels compared to girls (164 ± 57 vs. 106 ± 50 min/day; p < 0.001). Measured objectively, less than half of primary

  7. Determination of quasi-static microaccelerations onboard a satellite using video images of moving objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levtov, V. L.; Romanov, V. V.; Boguslavsky, A. A.; Sazonov, V. V.; Sokolov, S. M.; Glotov, Yu. N.

    2009-12-01

    A space experiment aimed at determination of quasi-static microaccelerations onboard an artificial satellite of the Earth using video images of the objects executing free motion is considered. The experiment was carried out onboard the Foton M-3 satellite. Several pellets moved in a cubic box fixed on the satellite’s mainframe and having two transparent adjacent walls. Their motion was photographed by a digital video camera. The camera was installed facing one of the transparent walls; a mirror was placed at an angle to another transparent wall. Such an optical system allowed us to have in a single frame two images of the pellets from differing viewpoints. The motion of the pellets was photographed on time intervals lasting 96 s. Pauses between these intervals were also equal to 96 s. A special processing of a separate image allowed us to determine coordinates of the pellet centers in the camera’s coordinate system. The sequence of frames belonging to a continuous interval of photography was processed in the following way. The time dependence of each coordinate of every pellet was approximated by a second degree polynomial using the least squares method. The coefficient of squared time is equal to a half of the corresponding microacceleration component. As has been shown by processing made, the described method of determination of quasi-static microaccelerations turned out to be sufficiently sensitive and accurate.

  8. 75 FR 53730 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Richard Hawkins-Third Mind”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind,'' imported...

  9. 78 FR 48216 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Heaven and Earth: Art of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium from Greek Collections'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Heaven and Earth: Art...

  10. 75 FR 19668 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “From Xanadu to Dadu: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-15

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``From Xanadu to Dadu: The World of Khubilai Khan'' SUMMARY: Notice... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``From Xanadu to Dadu: The World of...

  11. Determinants of Three-Year Change in Children’s Objectively Measured Sedentary Time

    PubMed Central

    Foley, Louise; Corder, Kirsten; Ekelund, Ulf; van Sluijs, Esther M. F.

    2016-01-01

    Background Sedentary behaviours (SB) are highly prevalent in young people and may be adversely associated with physical and mental health. Understanding of the modifiable determinants of SB is necessary to inform the design of behaviour change interventions but much of the existing research is cross-sectional and focussed upon screen-based behaviours. Purpose To examine the social, psychological and environmental determinants of change in children’s objectively measured sedentary time from age 11 to 14 years. Methods Data are from the second (2008) and third (2011) waves of assessment in the Sport, Physical Activity, and Eating Behaviour: Environmental Determinants in Young People (SPEEDY) study, conducted in the county of Norfolk, United Kingdom. Longitudinal data on accelerometer assessed sedentary time were available for 316 (53.5% female, 11.2±0.3 years at baseline) and 264 children after-school and at the weekend respectively. Information on 14 candidate determinants, including school travel mode and electronic media ownership, was self-reported. Change in the proportion of registered time spent sedentary was used as the outcome variable in cross-classified linear regression models, adjusted for age, sex, body mass index and baseline sedentary time. Simple and multiple models were run and interactions with sex explored. Results Daily sedentary time increased by 30–40 minutes after-school and at the weekend from baseline to follow-up. Participants who travelled to school by cycle exhibited smaller increases in after-school sedentary time (beta; 95%CI for change in % time spent sedentary: -3.3;-6.7,-0.07). No significant determinants of change in weekend sedentary time were identified. Conclusions Time spent sedentary increased during the three-year duration of follow-up but few of the variables examined were significantly associated with changes in sedentary time. Children’s mode of school travel may influence changes in their sedentary time over this

  12. New knowledge in determining the astronomical orientation of Incas object in Ollantaytambo, Peru

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanzalová, K.; Klokočník, J.; Kostelecký, J.

    2014-06-01

    This paper deals about astronomical orientation of Incas objects in Ollantaytambo, which is located about 35 km southeast from Machu Picchu, about 40 km northwest from Cusco, and lies in the Urubamba valley. Everybody writing about Ollantaytambo, shoud read Protzen (1993). He devoted his monograph to description and interpretation of that locality. Book of Salazar and Salazar (2005) deals, among others, with the orientation of objects in Ollantaytambo with respect to the cardinal direction. Zawaski and Malville (2007) documented astronomical context of major monuments of nine sites in Peru, including Ollantaytambo. We tested astronomical orientation in these places and confirm or disprove hypothesis about purpose of Incas objects. For assessment orientation of objects we used our measurements and also satellite images on Google Earth and digital elevation model from ASTER. The satellite images used to approximate estimation of astronomical orientation. The digital elevation model is useful in the mountains, where we need the really horizon for a calculation of sunset and sunrise on specific days (solstices), which were for Incas people very important. By Incas is very famous that they worshiped the Sun. According to him they determined when to plant and when to harvest the crop. In this paper we focused on Temple of the Sun, also known the Wall of six monoliths. We tested which astronomical phenomenon is connected with this Temple. First, we tested winter solstice sunrise and the rides of the Pleiades for the epochs 2000, 1500 and 1000 A.D. According with our results the Temple isn't connected neither with winter solstice sunrise nor with the Pleiades. Then we tested also winter solstice sunset. We tried to use the line from an observation point near ruins of the Temple of Sun, to west-north, in direction to sunset. The astronomical azimuth from this point was about 5° less then we need. From this results we found, that is possible to find another observation

  13. 77 FR 26599 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Artist in the Garden”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... exhibit objects at The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY, from on or about May 19, 2012, until on or... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Artist in the Garden'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Artist in the Garden'' imported from abroad for...

  14. 76 FR 51458 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Wonder of the Age: Master...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Wonder of the Age: Master Painters... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Wonder of the...

  15. 75 FR 38589 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Origins of Writing in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Origins of Writing in the... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Origins of Writing in the...

  16. 77 FR 52783 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rudolf Nureyev: A Life in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Rudolf Nureyev: A Life in Dance... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Rudolf Nureyev: A Life in Dance''...

  17. 78 FR 77771 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Love and Play: A Pair of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Love and Play: A Pair of Paintings by..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Love and Play: A Pair...

  18. 78 FR 4585 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Albrecht Dürer: Master...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Albrecht D rer: Master Drawings... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Albrecht D...

  19. 77 FR 27533 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ends of the Earth: Land...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974''...

  20. 75 FR 53730 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Roman Mosaic from Lod...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Roman Mosaic from Lod, Israel'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given... hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``The Roman Mosaic from Lod, Israel... that the exhibition or display of the exhibit object at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York,...

  1. 77 FR 15839 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Joan Miró: the Ladder of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Joan Mir : the Ladder of Escape... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Joan Mir : the Ladder of Escape,''...

  2. 77 FR 56909 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Tokyo 1955-70: A New...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Tokyo 1955-70: A New Avant-Garde... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Tokyo 1955-70: A New Avant-Garde,''...

  3. 78 FR 51803 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Léger: Modern Art and the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``L ger: Modern Art and the Metropolis... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``L ger: Modern Art and the Metropolis...

  4. 76 FR 42158 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rembrandt and the Face of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Rembrandt and the Face of Jesus... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Rembrandt and the Face of Jesus,'' imported...

  5. 77 FR 64373 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Erotic Gold: The Art and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Erotic Gold: The Art and Life of... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Erotic Gold:...

  6. 75 FR 6249 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Fiery Pool: The Maya and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Fiery Pool: The Maya and the Mythic... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Fiery Pool: The Maya and the Mythic...

  7. Setting Learning Objectives in Translation at the Department of Foreign Language Teaching through the Concept of Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eser, Oktay

    2014-01-01

    At the department of foreign language teaching, a variety of courses are offered in order for students to acquire translation competence. The courses are often carried out by translating a text from one language into the other. Learning by experience is an effective approach. However, it is inevitable that there are some aspects that we need to…

  8. Mobile Technologies as Boundary Objects in the Hands of Student Teachers of Languages inside and outside the University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gajek, Elzbieta

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the use of mobile devices by students of linguistics, future foreign language teachers, outside the university and in-campus, and their vision of the potential usefulness of such devices for language learning at tertiary level. As various characteristics of mobile devices influence their usability, users select a device to fit…

  9. Mobile Technologies as Boundary Objects in the Hands of Student Teachers of Languages inside and outside the University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gajek, Elzbieta

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the use of mobile devices by students of linguistics, future foreign language teachers, outside the university and in-campus, and their vision of the potential usefulness of such devices for language learning at tertiary level. As various characteristics of mobile devices influence their usability, users select a device to fit…

  10. Objectively determined physical activity levels of primary school children in south-west Germany

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Only a small proportion of children and adolescents meet current recommendations of at least 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily. Most of the available data, however, relies on subjective reports; there is limited objective data on physical activity (PA) levels in German primary school children. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to accurately determine how much time children spend undertaking different intensities of PA and being sedentary during weekdays and weekend using objective assessment tools. Gender-specific and age-related differences were examined along with differences between normal weight and overweight/obese children. Methods Children’s height and weight were measured according to standard procedures and objective PA measurements were determined in a sub-cohort of 384 primary school children (20% of the whole cohort), participating in a large school-based intervention study in south-west Germany (n = 1947). Baseline data collection occurred on six consecutive days, including weekend days, using multi-sensor accelerometry (Actiheart, CamNtech Ltd., Cambridge UK). 318 children (7.1 ± 0.6 years, male: 50%, first grade: 51%) provided data for at least 3 days including one weekend day. According to the amount of energy expended, defined as metabolic equivalents (METs), different activity intensities were categorised as follows: sedentary < 1.5 METs; light = 1.5-3.0 METs; moderate = 3.0-6.0 METs, and vigorous > 6.0 METs. Results Average wear time was 1403 ± 94 min/day. Children spent 808 ± 97 min/day being sedentary; 497 ± 72 min/day in light; 128 ± 54 min/day in moderate, and 8 ± 10 min/day in vigorous intensity. 48% of children met the current MVPA guidelines. MVPA was significantly higher on weekdays compared to weekend days (144 ± 66 vs. 113 ± 66 min/day; p < 0.001). Furthermore, boys displayed higher MVPA levels compared to girls (164

  11. Method and apparatus for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material in an object

    DOEpatents

    Crane, Thomas W.

    1986-01-01

    The disclosure is directed to an apparatus and method for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material within an object. Neutrons having an energy higher than thermal neutrons are generated and thermalized. The thermal neutrons are detected and counted. The object is placed between the neutron generator and the neutron detector. The reduction in the neutron flux corresponds to the amount of thermal neutron absorbing material in the object. The object is advanced past the neutron generator and neutron detector to obtain neutron flux data for each segment of the object. The object may comprise a space reactor heat pipe and the thermal neutron absorbing material may comprise lithium.

  12. Method and apparatus for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material in an object

    DOEpatents

    Crane, T.W.

    1983-12-21

    The disclosure is directed to an apparatus and method for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material within an object. Neutrons having an energy higher than thermal neutrons are generated and thermalized. The thermal neutrons are detected and counted. The object is placed between the neutron generator and the neutron detector. The reduction in the neutron flux corresponds to the amount of thermal neutron absorbing material in the object. The object is advanced past the neutron generator and neutron detector to obtain neutron flux data for each segment of the object. The object may comprise a space reactor heat pipe and the thermal neutron absorbing material may comprise lithium.

  13. Title III Accountability Policies and Outcomes for K-12: Annual Measurable Achievement Objectives for English Language Learner Students in Southeast Region States. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 105

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Kimberly S.; Dufford-Melendez, Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    This report details Title III accountability policies and outcomes for K-12 English language learner (ELL) students for school year 2007/08 in the six Southeast Region states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina) under the Title III annual measurable achievement objectives (AMAO) provision of the No Child…

  14. Tracking Students' Eye-Movements When Reading Learning Objects on Mobile Phones: A Discourse Analysis of Luganda Language Teacher-Trainees' Reflective Observations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kabugo, David; Muyinda, Paul B.; Masagazi, Fred. M.; Mugagga, Anthony M.; Mulumba, Mathias B.

    2016-01-01

    Although eye-tracking technologies such as Tobii-T120/TX and Eye-Tribe are steadily becoming ubiquitous, and while their appropriation in education can aid teachers to collect robust information on how students move their eyes when reading and engaging with different learning objects, many teachers of Luganda language are yet to gain experiences…

  15. Meeting the Objectives of the Curriculum at the First Stage of Basic School by the Child Having Left the Language Immersion Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kukk, Airi; Õun, Tiia

    2014-01-01

    Year after year, the interest in early learning of the state language by non-Estonian children has increased. In Estonia, the course has been directed that non-Estonian learners have to reach functional bilingualism by the time they leave basic school and thus to become competitive in labour and education markets in Estonia. The objective of the…

  16. Modern Languages for Communication. Teaching the Curriculum: Checkpoint A, Grades K-6. Topics, Objectives, Activities in French, German, Italian, and Spanish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yonkers City School District, NY.

    The modern language curriculum guide for grades K-6 is designed to correlate with Checkpoint A of the New York State Syllabus. It presents major topics, listing instructional objectives, functions, skill areas, suggested instructional materials, suggested activities, cultural content, and games, songs, and puzzles. Introductory sections outline…

  17. Meeting the Objectives of the Curriculum at the First Stage of Basic School by the Child Having Left the Language Immersion Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kukk, Airi; Õun, Tiia

    2014-01-01

    Year after year, the interest in early learning of the state language by non-Estonian children has increased. In Estonia, the course has been directed that non-Estonian learners have to reach functional bilingualism by the time they leave basic school and thus to become competitive in labour and education markets in Estonia. The objective of the…

  18. Self-Determination, Engagement, and Identity in Learning German: Some Directions in the Psychology of Language Learning Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noels, Kimberly A.; Chaffee, Kathryn; Lou, Nigel Mantou; Dincer, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Drawing from Self-Determination Theory and diverse theories of language learning motivation, we present a framework that (1) represents a range of orientations that students may take towards learning German, and (2) explains how these orientations are connected to language learning engagement and diverse linguistic and non-linguistic outcomes. We…

  19. Teachers' Conceptions of Motivation and Motivating Practices in Second-Language Learning: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muñoz, Ana; Ramirez, Marta

    2015-01-01

    Based on self-determination theory, we conducted an exploratory study aimed at identifying teachers' beliefs about motivation and motivating practices in second-language teaching at a private language center in Medellin, Colombia. To gather data, 65 teachers were surveyed; from this initial group, 11 were interviewed and observed in class during…

  20. Teachers' Conceptions of Motivation and Motivating Practices in Second-Language Learning: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muñoz, Ana; Ramirez, Marta

    2015-01-01

    Based on self-determination theory, we conducted an exploratory study aimed at identifying teachers' beliefs about motivation and motivating practices in second-language teaching at a private language center in Medellin, Colombia. To gather data, 65 teachers were surveyed; from this initial group, 11 were interviewed and observed in class during…

  1. 77 FR 28419 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gustav Klimt: The Magic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ... that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles... information, including a list of the exhibit objects, contact Paul W. Manning, Attorney-Adviser, Office of...

  2. 77 FR 41473 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Lion Attacking a Horse”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-13

    ... object entitled ``Lion Attacking a Horse,'' to be imported by The J. Paul Getty Museum from abroad for... display of the exhibit object at The J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles, California from on or...

  3. Exploring the Determinants of Language Barriers in Health Care (LBHC): Toward a Research Agenda for the Language Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segalowitz, Norman; Kehayia, Eva

    2011-01-01

    There is growing interest in language barriers in health care (LBHC)--interest, that is, in how the quality of health care service delivery might be compromised when patients and health care providers do not share the same first language. This article discusses LBHC as an emerging research area that provides valuable opportunities for researchers…

  4. Exploring the Determinants of Language Barriers in Health Care (LBHC): Toward a Research Agenda for the Language Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segalowitz, Norman; Kehayia, Eva

    2011-01-01

    There is growing interest in language barriers in health care (LBHC)--interest, that is, in how the quality of health care service delivery might be compromised when patients and health care providers do not share the same first language. This article discusses LBHC as an emerging research area that provides valuable opportunities for researchers…

  5. Orbit determination of trans-Neptunian objects and Centaurs for the prediction of stellar occultations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desmars, J.; Camargo, J. I. B.; Braga-Ribas, F.; Vieira-Martins, R.; Assafin, M.; Vachier, F.; Colas, F.; Ortiz, J. L.; Duffard, R.; Morales, N.; Sicardy, B.; Gomes-Júnior, A. R.; Benedetti-Rossi, G.

    2015-12-01

    Context. The prediction of stellar occultations by trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) and Centaurs is a difficult challenge that requires accuracy both in the occulted star position and in the object ephemeris. Until now, the most used method of prediction, involving dozens of TNOs/Centaurs, has been to consider a constant offset for the right ascension and for the declination with respect to a reference ephemeris, usually the latest public version. This offset is determined as the difference between the most recent observations of the TNO/Centaur and the reference ephemeris. This method can be successfully applied when the offset remains constant with time, i.e. when the orbit is stable enough. In this case, the prediction even holds for occultations that occur several days after the last observations. Aims: This paper presents an alternative method of prediction, based on a new accurate orbit determination procedure, which uses all the available positions of the TNO from the Minor Planet Center database, as well as sets of new astrometric positions from unpublished observations. Methods: Orbits were determined through a numerical integration procedure called NIMA, in which we developed a specific weighting scheme that considers the individual precision of the observation, the number of observations performed during one night by the same observatory, and the presence of systematic errors in the positions. Results: The NIMA method was applied to 51 selected TNOs and Centaurs. For this purpose, we performed about 2900 new observations in several observatories (European South Observatory, Observatório Pico dos Dias, Pic du Midi, etc.) during the 2007-2014 period. Using NIMA, we succeed in predicting the stellar occultations of 10 TNOs and 3 Centaurs between July 2013 and February 2015. By comparing the NIMA and Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) ephemerides, we highlight the variation in the offset between them with time, by showing that, generally, the constant offset

  6. A Simple Objective Method for Determining a Dynamic Journal Collection *†

    PubMed Central

    Bastille, Jacqueline D.; Mankin, Carole J.

    1980-01-01

    In order to determine the content of a journal collection responsive to both user needs and space and dollar constraints, quantitative measures of the use of a 647-title collection have been related to space and cost requirements to develop objective criteria for a dynamic collection for the Treadwell Library at the Massachusetts General Hospital, a large medical research center. Data were collected for one calendar year (1977) and stored with the elements for each title's profile in a computerized file. To account for the effect of the bulk of the journal runs on the number of uses, raw use data have been adjusted using linear shelf space required for each title to produce a factor called density of use. Titles have been ranked by raw use and by density of use with space and cost requirements for each. Data have also been analyzed for five special categories of use. Given automated means of collecting and storing data, use measures should be collected continuously. Using raw use frequency ranking to relate use to space and costs seems sensible since a decision point cutoff can be chosen in terms of the potential interlibrary loans generated. But it places new titles at risk while protecting titles with long, little used runs. Basing decisions on density of use frequency ranking seems to produce a larger yield of titles with fewer potential interlibrary loans and to identify titles with overlong runs which may be pruned or converted to microform. The method developed is simple and practical. Its design will be improved to apply to data collected in 1980 for a continuous study of journal use. The problem addressed is essentially one of inventory control. Viewed as such it makes good financial sense to measure use as part of the routine operation of the library to provide information for effective management decisions. PMID:7437589

  7. On the determination of the electromagnetic field upon scattering by a small inhomogeneous spherical object

    SciTech Connect

    Shalashov, A. G. Gospodchikov, E. D.

    2016-10-15

    An efficient and fairly simple method of solving the problem of the incidence of a plane electromagnetic wave on an inhomogeneous object with specified spherically symmetric distributions of its electric permittivity and magnetic permeability is presented. The fields inside the object and the integrated scattering and absorption cross sections are found by assuming the object to be small compared to the vacuum wavelength. Since no constraints are imposed on the scales of the fields inside the object, the method is suitable for investigating complex cases, including those associated with the local amplification and absorption of the electromagnetic field in inhomogeneous resonant media.

  8. 78 FR 38430 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Of Heaven and Earth: 500...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Of Heaven and Earth: 500 Years of... Earth: 500 Years of Italian Painting from Glasgow Museums,'' imported from abroad for...

  9. 76 FR 77582 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cindy Sherman”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE... within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan... exhibit objects at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, from on or about February 26, 2012, until...

  10. 78 FR 68134 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Renaissance to Goya...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE... the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to a loan agreement... objects at the New Mexico Museum of Art, from on or about December 14, 2013, until on or about March 9...

  11. 75 FR 20873 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Glory of Ukraine...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE... the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements... objects at the Museum of Russian Art, Minneapolis, MN, from on or about September 3, 2010, until on or...

  12. 78 FR 59750 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Isa Genzken: Retrospective”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE... temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported... display of the exhibit objects at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, from on or about November 23...

  13. 77 FR 8943 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rembrandt's Self-Portrait”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE... exhibition within the United States, is of cultural significance. The object is imported pursuant to loan... exhibit object at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY from on or about April 5, 2012 until on or...

  14. 76 FR 12786 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Double Sexus”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are... exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the Wexner Center for the Arts at The Ohio State University...-0505. Dated: March 2, 2011. Ann Stock, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs...

  15. Determining the Drag Coefficient of Rotational Symmetric Objects Falling through Liquids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houari, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    I will propose here a kinematic approach for measuring the drag coefficient of rotational symmetric objects falling through liquids. For this, I will show that one can obtain a measurement of the drag coefficient of a rotational symmetric object by numerically solving the equation of motion describing its fall through a known liquid contained in a…

  16. Determining the Drag Coefficient of Rotational Symmetric Objects Falling through Liquids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houari, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    I will propose here a kinematic approach for measuring the drag coefficient of rotational symmetric objects falling through liquids. For this, I will show that one can obtain a measurement of the drag coefficient of a rotational symmetric object by numerically solving the equation of motion describing its fall through a known liquid contained in a…

  17. 77 FR 31421 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Portrait of Helena de Kay”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Portrait of Helena de Kay'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Portrait of Helena de Kay,'' imported from abroad for...

  18. Impact of an Extra-Curricular School Sport Programme on Determinants of Objectively Measured Physical Activity among Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lubans, David; Morgan, Philip

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify potential determinants of objectively measured physical activity in the "Learning to Enjoy Activity with Friends" (LEAF) study. Design: This study involved a quasi-experimental design and students (N = 116) were assigned to an intervention group (n = 50) or a comparison group (n = 66)…

  19. 75 FR 13805 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Race to the End of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Race to the End of the Earth... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Race to the End of the Earth,'' imported...

  20. 76 FR 65559 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Mummy: Secrets of the Tomb”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mummy: Secrets of the Tomb'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Mummy: Secrets of the Tomb'' imported from abroad for...

  1. 77 FR 8943 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dawn of Egyptian Art”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dawn of Egyptian Art'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Dawn of Egyptian Art,'' imported from abroad for...

  2. 75 FR 51518 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso: Masterpieces...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ... National Picasso, Paris'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... agreement with the foreign owner or custodian. I also determine that the exhibition or display of...

  3. Microwave determination of location and speed of an object inside a pipe

    DOEpatents

    Sinha, Dipen N.

    2010-12-14

    Apparatus and method are described for measuring the location and speed of an object, such as instrumentation on a movable platform, disposed within a pipe, using continuous-wave, amplitude-modulated microwave radiation.

  4. 75 FR 45195 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Literary Lives: Portraits...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ... States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the... the McMullen Museum of Art, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, from on or about September...

  5. On peculiarities of the method for determining the probability of lightning striking terrestrial explosive objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gundareva, S. V.; Kalugina, I. E.; Temnikov, A. G.

    2016-10-01

    We have described a new probabilistic method for calculating and assessing lightning striking terrestrial explosive objects using a combined criterion for the emergence of upward streamer and leader discharges from the elements of the object being protected and lightning rods taking into account the probabilistic nature of the avalanche-streamer and streamer-leader transitions, the trajectories of a downward stepped lightning leader and lightning current. It has been shown that the disregard of possible formation of uncompleted streamer discharges from the elements of the object in the electric field of a downward lightning leader, which can ignite explosive emission, decreases the rated probability of the object being damaged by a lightning stroke by several times.

  6. The associations between objectively-determined and self-reported urban form characteristics and neighborhood-based walking in adults

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Self-reported and objectively-determined neighborhood built characteristics are associated with physical activity, yet little is known about their combined influence on walking. This study: 1) compared self-reported measures of the neighborhood built environment between objectively-determined low, medium, and high walkable neighborhoods; 2) estimated the relative associations between self-reported and objectively-determined neighborhood characteristics and walking and; 3) examined the extent to which the objectively-determined built environment moderates the association between self-reported measures of the neighborhood built environment and walking. Methods A random cross-section of 1875 Canadian adults completed a telephone-interview and postal questionnaire capturing neighborhood walkability, neighborhood-based walking, socio-demographic characteristics, walking attitudes, and residential self-selection. Walkability of each respondent’s neighborhood was objectively-determined (low [LW], medium [MW], and high walkable [HW]). Covariate-adjusted regression models estimated the associations between weekly participation and duration in transportation and recreational walking and self-reported and objectively-determined walkability. Results Compared with objectively-determined LW neighborhoods, respondents in HW neighborhoods positively perceived access to services, street connectivity, pedestrian infrastructure, and utilitarian and recreation destination mix, but negatively perceived motor vehicle traffic and crime related safety. Compared with residents of objectively-determined LW neighborhoods, residents of HW neighborhoods were more likely (p < .05) to participate in (odds ratio [OR] = 3.06), and spend more time, per week (193 min/wk) transportation walking. Perceived access to services, street connectivity, motor vehicle safety, and mix of recreational destinations were also significantly associated with transportation walking. With regard to

  7. The associations between objectively-determined and self-reported urban form characteristics and neighborhood-based walking in adults.

    PubMed

    Jack, Elizabeth; McCormack, Gavin R

    2014-06-04

    Self-reported and objectively-determined neighborhood built characteristics are associated with physical activity, yet little is known about their combined influence on walking. This study: 1) compared self-reported measures of the neighborhood built environment between objectively-determined low, medium, and high walkable neighborhoods; 2) estimated the relative associations between self-reported and objectively-determined neighborhood characteristics and walking and; 3) examined the extent to which the objectively-determined built environment moderates the association between self-reported measures of the neighborhood built environment and walking. A random cross-section of 1875 Canadian adults completed a telephone-interview and postal questionnaire capturing neighborhood walkability, neighborhood-based walking, socio-demographic characteristics, walking attitudes, and residential self-selection. Walkability of each respondent's neighborhood was objectively-determined (low [LW], medium [MW], and high walkable [HW]). Covariate-adjusted regression models estimated the associations between weekly participation and duration in transportation and recreational walking and self-reported and objectively-determined walkability. Compared with objectively-determined LW neighborhoods, respondents in HW neighborhoods positively perceived access to services, street connectivity, pedestrian infrastructure, and utilitarian and recreation destination mix, but negatively perceived motor vehicle traffic and crime related safety. Compared with residents of objectively-determined LW neighborhoods, residents of HW neighborhoods were more likely (p < .05) to participate in (odds ratio [OR] = 3.06), and spend more time, per week (193 min/wk) transportation walking. Perceived access to services, street connectivity, motor vehicle safety, and mix of recreational destinations were also significantly associated with transportation walking. With regard to interactions, HW x utilitarian

  8. 75 FR 27383 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “A Gift From the Desert...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ... Desert: The Art, History and Culture of the Arabian Horse,'' imported from abroad for temporary... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``A Gift From the Desert: The Art, History and Culture of the Arabian Horse'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations...

  9. 78 FR 50137 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determination: “Heaven and Earth: Art of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determination: ``Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium... determinations made by the Department of State pertaining to the exhibition ``Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium... ``Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium from Greek Collections,'' at the Art Institute of Chicago,...

  10. Mother-tongue training in school as a determinant of global language proficiency: A Belgian case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danesi, Marcel

    1988-12-01

    Experimental models of education that incorporate the mother tongue of immigrant children into the structure of their curricula constitute obvious cases-in-point for assessing the validity of bilingual or multilingual education for such children. The present case study of one such model, the so-called `Foyer Bicultural Education Project' of Brussels, is intended to shed some light on the relationship between formal mother-tongue training and the development of global language proficiency in minority-language children. Since this particular case-in-point involves three languages — Italian (the mother tongue), Flemish and French — it is especially interesting with regard to the validity of the so-called `interdependence principle', as formulated by Cummins (1979). The findings presented here confirm Cummins' principle that the development of literacy in the mother tongue is a determinant of global language proficiency in minority-language children.

  11. fMRI as a Preimplant Objective Tool to Predict Postimplant Oral Language Outcomes in Children with Cochlear Implants.

    PubMed

    Deshpande, Aniruddha K; Tan, Lirong; Lu, Long J; Altaye, Mekibib; Holland, Scott K

    2016-01-01

    Despite the positive effects of cochlear implantation, postimplant variability in speech perception and oral language outcomes is still difficult to predict. The aim of this study was to identify neuroimaging biomarkers of postimplant speech perception and oral language performance in children with hearing loss who receive a cochlear implant. The authors hypothesized positive correlations between blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activation in brain regions related to auditory language processing and attention and scores on the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Preschool, Second Edition (CELF-P2) and the Early Speech Perception Test for Profoundly Hearing-Impaired Children (ESP), in children with congenital hearing loss. Eleven children with congenital hearing loss were recruited for the present study based on referral for clinical MRI and other inclusion criteria. All participants were <24 months at fMRI scanning and <36 months at first implantation. A silent background fMRI acquisition method was performed to acquire fMRI during auditory stimulation. A voxel-based analysis technique was utilized to generate z maps showing significant contrast in brain activation between auditory stimulation conditions (spoken narratives and narrow band noise). CELF-P2 and ESP were administered 2 years after implantation. Because most participants reached a ceiling on ESP, a voxel-wise regression analysis was performed between preimplant fMRI activation and postimplant CELF-P2 scores alone. Age at implantation and preimplant hearing thresholds were controlled in this regression analysis. Four brain regions were found to be significantly correlated with CELF-P2 scores. These clusters of positive correlation encompassed the temporo-parieto-occipital junction, areas in the prefrontal cortex and the cingulate gyrus. For the story versus silence contrast, CELF-P2 core language score demonstrated significant positive correlation with

  12. 78 FR 43960 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dante Ferretti: Design...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-22

    ... Construction for Cinema'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... ``Dante Ferretti: Design and Construction for Cinema,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  13. 75 FR 9013 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vienna Circa 1780: An...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-26

    ... Silver Service Rediscovered'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant...: An Imperial Silver Service Rediscovered,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  14. 78 FR 77772 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “A Royal Passion: Queen...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... Photography'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``A Royal Passion: Queen Victoria and Photography,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  15. 76 FR 44977 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “De Kooning: A Retrospective”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... Exhibition Determinations: ``De Kooning: A Retrospective'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... exhibition ``De Kooning: A Retrospective,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  16. 75 FR 47337 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “German Impressionist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... Painting: Liebermann-- Corinth--Slevogt'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the exhibition ``German Impressionist Landscape Painting: Liebermann--Corinth--Slevogt,''...

  17. 75 FR 47338 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Nepalese Legacy in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... Painting'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``The Nepalese Legacy in Tibetan Painting,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  18. 78 FR 52996 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Face to Face: Flanders...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ..., and Renaissance Painting'' Exhibition SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations...: Flanders, Florence, and Renaissance Painting,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  19. 75 FR 52385 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Paintings From the Reign...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-25

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Paintings From the Reign of Victoria: The Royal Holloway..., ``Paintings from the Reign of Victoria: The Royal Holloway Collection, London'' would leave the United...

  20. 78 FR 5556 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Frida & Diego: Passion...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... Painting'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority..., Politics and Painting,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...