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Sample records for determining language objectives

  1. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    This executive summary describes the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS) developed to support the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. The C/LOBS functions as a subsystem of the instructional systems development (ISD) approach currently in use in the TRADOC school system. The…

  2. MAAG Job Position (Iberian Spanish). Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume V.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    The job position of military advisory and assistance group (MAAG) officer for the Air Force as performed in Iberian Spanish is described in terms of terminal skill objectives (TSOs) and enabling objectives (EOs). This analysis is part of the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of…

  3. Linguistic Relativity in Japanese and English: Is Language the Primary Determinant in Object Classification?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazuka, Reiko; Friedman, Ronald S.

    2000-01-01

    Tested claims by Lucy (1992a, 1992b) that differences between the number marking systems used by Yucatec Maya and English lead speakers of these languages to differentially attend to either the material composition or the shape of objects. Replicated Lucy's critical objects' classification experiments using speakers of English and Japanese.…

  4. Method for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria. Volume II. Methodological Tools: Computer Analysis, Data Collection Instruments.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-05-25

    This volume presents (1) Methods for computer and hand analysis of numerical language performance data (includes examples) (2) samples of interview, observation, and survey instruments used in collecting language data. (Author)

  5. Objectives at the Crossroads: Critical Theory and Self-Determination in Indigenous Language Revitalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albury, Nathan John

    2015-01-01

    Indigenous language revitalization is a popular focus of critical theorists. From the perspective of sociolinguists, critical theory interrogates language policies to name and shame inequalities and propose solutions to correct injustices and emancipate the disadvantaged. From a broader perspective, language revitalization policy also resides…

  6. MAAG Job Position: Rolebooks and Technical Vocabulary (Iberian Spanish). Methods for Determining Language Objectives and Criteria, Volume VII.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setzler, Hubert H., Jr.; And Others

    Rolebooks and technical Iberian Spanish vocabulary for the job position of military advisory and assistance group (MAAG) officer of the Air Force are presented. The materials are part of the communication/language objectives-based system (C/LOBS), which supports the front-end analysis efforts of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language…

  7. Object Pragmatics and Language Development.

    PubMed

    Béguin, Marie

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this contribution is to investigate the advent of language in the light of the appropriation of the cultural uses of the material objects related to material culture and the constitution of their public and shared meanings linked to their uses. First, we suggest that the Object Pragmatics paradigm offers a framework which allows us to take into account the uses of objects in daily life as a site of social conventions, communication and public and shared meanings. Second, we would like to underline the key role of the adult's mediations in the child's ability to evolve towards linguistic development. This contribution will discuss the notion of scenario involving primarily the object, as a possible semiotic tool to support the child's transition to language. We will finally illustrate that it is possible to take into consideration the mastery of conventional uses of the object in the child's ability to engage in a scenario and then to move towards communication and speech development. These issues will be addressed in the context of a research project which focuses on the observation of children interacting with an adult at 16, 20 and 24 months. These longitudinal data were collected by video in a semi-experimental triadic interaction design. The triadic interaction is considered as a relevant unit for the observation and analysis of the role of material culture in speech development, suggesting the existence of new mechanisms to be taken into account in addition to the interactive conditions largely mentioned in literature.

  8. Basic Objectives in Language Arts K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis. Div. of Curriculum.

    This book contains sets of basic objectives for elementary, middle, and high school language arts instruction that indicate the goals that the majority of students should achieve before high school graduation. Both exit objectives (to be mastered before high school graduation) and enabling objectives (specific behaviors/activities that help…

  9. Null Objects in Second Language Acquisition: Grammatical vs. Performance Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zyzik, Eve C.

    2008-01-01

    Null direct objects provide a favourable testing ground for grammatical and performance models of argument omission. This article examines both types of models in order to determine which gives a more plausible account of the second language data. The data were collected from second language (L2) learners of Spanish by means of four oral…

  10. Ape Metaphysics: Object Individuation without Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendes, Natacha; Rakoczy, Hannes; Call, Josep

    2008-01-01

    Developmental research suggests that whereas very young infants individuate objects purely on spatiotemporal grounds, from (at latest) around 1 year of age children are capable of individuating objects according to the kind they belong to and the properties they instantiate. As the latter ability has been found to correlate with language, some…

  11. Object Orientation Affects Spatial Language Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burigo, Michele; Sacchi, Simona

    2013-01-01

    Typical spatial descriptions, such as "The car is in front of the house," describe the position of a located object (LO; e.g., the car) in space relative to a reference object (RO) whose location is known (e.g., the house). The orientation of the RO affects spatial language comprehension via the reference frame selection process.…

  12. Ape metaphysics: object individuation without language.

    PubMed

    Mendes, Natacha; Rakoczy, Hannes; Call, Josep

    2008-02-01

    Developmental research suggests that whereas very young infants individuate objects purely on spatiotemporal grounds, from (at latest) around 1 year of age children are capable of individuating objects according to the kind they belong to and the properties they instantiate. As the latter ability has been found to correlate with language, some have speculated whether it might be essentially language dependent and therefore uniquely human. Existing studies with non-human primates seem to speak against this hypothesis, but fail to present conclusive evidence due to methodological shortcomings. In the present experiments we set out to test non-linguistic object individuation in three great ape species with a refined manual search methodology. Experiment 1 tested for spatiotemporal object individuation: Subjects saw 1 or 2 objects simultaneously being placed inside a box in which they could reach, and then in both conditions only found 1 object. After retrieval of the 1 object, subjects reached again significantly more often when they had seen 2 than when they had seen 1 object. Experiment 2 tested for object individuation according to property/kind information only: Subjects saw 1 object being placed inside the box, and then either found that object (expected) or an object of a different kind (unexpected). Analogously to Experiment 1, after retrieval of the 1 object, subjects reached again significantly more often in the unexpected than in the expected condition. These results thus confirm previous findings suggesting that individuating objects according to their property/kind is neither uniquely human nor essentially language dependent. It remains to be seen, however, whether this kind of object individuation requires sortal concepts as human linguistic thinkers use them, or whether some simpler form of tracking properties is sufficient.

  13. Objects as closures - Abstract semantics of object oriented languages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reddy, Uday S.

    1988-01-01

    The denotational semantics of object-oriented languages is discussed using the concept of closure widely used in (semi) functional programming to encapsulate side effects. It is shown that this denotational framework is adequate to explain classes, instantiation, and inheritance in the style of Simula as well as SMALLTALK-80. This framework is then compared with that of Kamin (1988), in his recent denotational definition of SMALLTALK-80, and the implications of the differences between the two approaches are discussed.

  14. Objects as closures: Abstract semantics of object oriented languages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reddy, Uday S.

    1989-01-01

    We discuss denotational semantics of object-oriented languages, using the concept of closure widely used in (semi) functional programming to encapsulate side effects. It is shown that this denotational framework is adequate to explain classes, instantiation, and inheritance in the style of Simula as well as SMALLTALK-80. This framework is then compared with that of Kamin, in his recent denotational definition of SMALLTALK-80, and the implications of the differences between the two approaches are discussed.

  15. Teaching Adaptability of Object-Oriented Programming Language Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhu, Xiao-dong

    2012-01-01

    The evolution of object-oriented programming languages includes update of their own versions, update of development environments, and reform of new languages upon old languages. In this paper, the evolution analysis of object-oriented programming languages is presented in term of the characters and development. The notion of adaptive teaching upon…

  16. Symbolic Play Connects to Language through Visual Object Recognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Linda B.; Jones, Susan S.

    2011-01-01

    Object substitutions in play (e.g. using a box as a car) are strongly linked to language learning and their absence is a diagnostic marker of language delay. Classic accounts posit a symbolic function that underlies both words and object substitutions. Here we show that object substitutions depend on developmental changes in visual object…

  17. A Survey of Object Oriented Languages in Programming Environments.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    Chairman. Depart fient of Computer Science Dean of Information and Policy .c$ 4iAI ABSTRACT This thesis addresses object oriented programming languages...5. Instances......................................... 55 6. Methods......................................... 5 C. INFORMATION HIDING...56 1. Definition ........................................ 56 2. Information Hiding in Object Oriented Languages .......... 56 D. DATA

  18. Using Learning Objects to Teach Programming Languages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavus, Nadire; Ibrahim, Dogan

    2004-01-01

    The idea of using "Learning Objects" in teaching has become very popular in the last few years. Although the concept of using objects in teaching is not new, the power of the computer technology and the Internet gives educators large opportunities and endless combination of possibilities in applying new theories to web-based education.…

  19. Communicative, Educational, Pedagogical Objectives and Planning in Russian Language Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evtyugina, Alla A.; Hasanova, Irina I.; Kotova, Svetlana S.; Sokolova, Anastasia N.; Svetkina, Irina A.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the problem stems from the necessity to distinctly plan educational process and set the goals for successful mastering of Russian language by foreign students in Russian higher educational institutions. The article is aimed at defining the foreign students' objectives for Russian language training, allowing them to get involved…

  20. ERIC: An Object-Oriented Simulation Language,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    attribute of class and value is the value assigned to that attribute. For example, (ask fish make instance george with genus betta species splendens ...attributes. A keyword is simply an attribute name prefixed by a colon. Thus, (make-object fish :genus ’ betta :species ’ splendens :common-name ’siamese

  1. The Nature of Object Marking in American Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gokgoz, Kadir

    2013-01-01

    In this dissertation, I examine the nature of object marking in American Sign Language (ASL). I investigate object marking by means of directionality (the movement of the verb towards a certain location in signing space) and by means of handling classifiers (certain handshapes accompanying the verb). I propose that object marking in ASL is…

  2. Language Arts Program Objectives (Grades 7, 8, and 9).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Allen County Schools, New Haven, IN.

    A language arts program for the seventh, eighth, and ninth grades is detailed in this document. Outlines of the scope and sequence of course components and lists of program objectives are given for each grade. Following these program objectives, the document consists of outline sketches for each course topic, including the scope and sequence of…

  3. Dynamic Learning Objects to Teach Java Programming Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narasimhamurthy, Uma; Al Shawkani, Khuloud

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a model for teaching Java Programming Language through Dynamic Learning Objects. The design of the learning objects was based on effective learning design principles to help students learn the complex topic of Java Programming. Visualization was also used to facilitate the learning of the concepts. (Contains 1 figure and 2…

  4. Creating Tangible Interfaces by Augmenting Physical Objects with Multimodal Language

    SciTech Connect

    McGee, David R. ); Cohen, Philip R.

    2001-01-01

    Rasa is a tangible augmented reality environment that digitally enhances the existing paper-based command and control capability in a military command post. By observing and understanding the users' speech, pen, and touch-based multimodal language, Rasa computationally augments the physical objects on a command post map, linking these items to digital representations of the same; for example, linking a paper map to the world and Post-it notes to military units. Herein, we give a thorough account of Rasa's underlying multiagent framework, and its recognition, understanding, and multimodal integration components. Moreover, we examine five properties of language: generativity, comprehensibility, compositionality, referentiality, and, at times, persistence--that render it suitable as an augmentation approach, contrasting these properties to those of other augmentation methods. It is these properties of language that allow users of Rasa to augment physical objects, transforming them into tangible interfaces.

  5. SIMOGEN - An Object-Oriented Language for Simulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    program generator must also be written in the same prcgramming languaje . In this case, the C language was chosen, for the following main reasons...quickly. The internal coding of each section within an object is procedural and quite conventional in nature . It was felt that, whilst the object...paradigm provide a very natural of decomposing the mechanical world, people generally seem to describe each activity which a piece of equipment can carry

  6. Object schemas for grounding language in a responsive robot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsiao, Kai-Yuh; Tellex, Stefanie; Vosoughi, Soroush; Kubat, Rony; Roy, Deb

    2008-12-01

    An approach is introduced for physically grounded natural language interpretation by robots that reacts appropriately to unanticipated physical changes in the environment and dynamically assimilates new information pertinent to ongoing tasks. At the core of the approach is a model of object schemas that enables a robot to encode beliefs about physical objects in its environment using collections of coupled processes responsible for sensorimotor interaction. These interaction processes run concurrently in order to ensure responsiveness to the environment, while co-ordinating sensorimotor expectations, action planning and language use. The model has been implemented on a robot that manipulates objects on a tabletop in response to verbal input. The implementation responds to verbal requests such as 'Group the green block and the red apple', while adapting in real time to unexpected physical collisions and taking opportunistic advantage of any new information it may receive through perceptual and linguistic channels.

  7. Language structure in the n -object naming game

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipowski, Adam; Lipowska, Dorota

    2009-11-01

    We examine a naming game with two agents trying to establish a common vocabulary for n objects. Such efforts lead to the emergence of language that allows for an efficient communication and exhibits some degree of homonymy and synonymy. Although homonymy reduces the communication efficiency, it seems to be a dynamical trap that persists for a long, and perhaps indefinite, time. On the other hand, synonymy does not reduce the efficiency of communication but appears to be only a transient feature of the language. Thus, in our model the role of synonymy decreases and in the long-time limit it becomes negligible. A similar rareness of synonymy is observed in present natural languages. The role of noise, that distorts the communicated words, is also examined. Although, in general, the noise reduces the communication efficiency, it also regroups the words so that they are more evenly distributed within the available “verbal” space.

  8. Methylxanthines: properties and determination in various objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andreeva, Elena Yu; Dmitrienko, Stanislava G.; Zolotov, Yurii A.

    2012-05-01

    Published data on the properties and determination of caffeine, theophylline, theobromine and some other methylxanthines in various objects are surveyed and described systematically. Different sample preparation procedures such as liquid extraction from solid matrices and liquid-liquid, supercritical fluid and solid-phase extraction are compared. The key methods of analysis including chromatography, electrophoresis, spectrometry and electrochemical methods are discussed. Examples of methylxanthine determination in plants, food products, energy beverages, pharmaceuticals, biological fluids and natural and waste waters are given. The bibliography includes 393 references.

  9. A Minimalist Approach to Null Subjects and Objects in Second Language Acquisition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, H.

    2004-01-01

    Studies of the second language acquisition of pronominal arguments have observed that: (1) L1 speakers of null subject languages of the Spanish type drop more subjects in their second language (L2) English than first language (L1) speakers of null subject languages of the Korean type and (2) speakers of Korean-type languages drop more objects than…

  10. 77 FR 17104 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ecstatic Alphabets/Heaps...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ecstatic Alphabets/Heaps of Language... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ecstatic Alphabets/Heaps of...

  11. Cognitive characteristics of learning Java, an object-oriented programming language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, Garry Lynn

    Industry and Academia are moving from procedural programming languages (e.g., COBOL) to object-oriented programming languages, such as Java for the Internet. Past studies in the cognitive aspects of programming have focused primarily on procedural programming languages. Some of the languages used have been Pascal, C, Basic, FORTAN, and COBOL. Object-oriented programming (OOP) represents a new paradigm for computing. Industry is finding that programmers are having difficulty shifting to this new programming paradigm. This instruction in OOP is currently starting in colleges and universities across the country. What are the cognitive aspects for this new OOP language Java? When is a student developmentally ready to handle the cognitive characteristics of the OOP language Java? Which cognitive teaching style is best for this OOP language Java? Questions such as the aforementioned are the focus of this research Such research is needed to improve understanding of the learning process and identify students' difficulties with OOP methods. This can enhance academic teaching and industry training (Scholtz, 1993; Sheetz, 1997; Rosson, 1990). Cognitive development as measured by the Propositional Logic Test, cognitive style as measured by the Hemispheric Mode Indicator, and physical hemispheric dominance as measured by a self-report survey were obtained from thirty-six university students studying Java programming. Findings reveal that physical hemispheric dominance is unrelated to cognitive and programming language variables. However, both procedural and object oriented programming require Piaget's formal operation cognitive level as indicated by the Propositional Logic Test. This is consistent with prior research A new finding is that object oriented programming also requires formal operation cognitive level. Another new finding is that object oriented programming appears to be unrelated to hemispheric cognitive style as indicated by the Hemispheric Mode Indicator (HMI

  12. Objective determination of Fitzpatrick skin type.

    PubMed

    Ravnbak, Mette Henriksen

    2010-08-01

    back indicate that people seem to refer to sun sensitivity after multiple exposures to the sun rather than a single sun exposure, when they reply to the question of Fitzpatrick skin type. Hence, both SED to MED and SED to MMD are better correlated to skin type after respectively 4 and 5 exposures to Solar Simulator and nUVB compared to 1 exposure. Only when tanning is preceded by erythema there is a relation between SED to MMD and skin type/PPF. Thus only after nUVB and Solar. For nUVB and Solar there was a linear relation between erythema and tanning ability with the intercept different from zero. In spite of what we expected based on the literature, the correlation was better between SED to MED and skin type than between SED to MMD and skin type. This applied to single and multiple exposures and to single calculations and multiple regression analyses. The long-waved UVA1 and broadband UVA should definitely not be used for skin type determination, as there was no relation between MMD and skin type/PPF. Both nUVB and Solar can be considered. Finally, based on the objective parameters: pre-exposure pigmentation measured by skin reflectance, MED and MMD we tried to predict the Fitzpatrick skin type by multinominal logistic regression analyses to evaluate the significance of the different parameters for the subjective skin type classification and thereby hopefully enlighten what Fitzpatrick skin type represents. For single UV-exposure only the pre-exposure pigmentation worked as a predictor of Fitzpatrick skin type, and that is what PPF is based on. When this parameter was removed, only SED to MED was significant. Our model succeeds better to classify people correct after multiple UV-exposure compared to a single UV-exposure. PPF was predicted likewise and was highly correlated to SED to MED, as expected, and even higher correlated to Fitzpatrick skin type. SED to MMD was not significant. This study confirms that Fitzpatrick skin type is an unreliable predictor of UV

  13. Logbooks and Language Learning Objectives in an Intensive ESP Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, William; Whisenand, Rick

    1993-01-01

    Learners in an English for specific purposes workshop in northeast Thailand determined and accomplished their own objectives through the use of logbooks. Analyses of logbook writings and videotaped comments and observations showed the usefulness of logbooks as an available source of assessment information and future program planning. (Contains…

  14. 75 FR 66419 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Object of Devotion...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Object of Devotion: Medieval English... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Object of Devotion: Medieval English Alabaster Sculpture...

  15. An objective determination of +Gz acceleration tolerance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sandler, H.; Rositano, S. A.; McCutcheon, E. P.

    1977-01-01

    Until recently, human +Gz acceleration tolerance has relied solely on subjective criteria relating to loss of vision. By use of newly developed noninvasive instrumentation using a transcutaneous Doppler flow system, objective end point criteria have been developed based on measured blood flow to the head. The system consists of miniature 8 MHz Doppler sensors (2 x 1 x 0.5 cm) placed on the forehead over both frontal branches of the temporal arteries to detect blood flow velocity from back scattered ultrasound. Its use has allowed for correlation of altered, decreased and actual reversal of eye level blood flow with subsequent central light loss. Over 100 subjects have now been studied during more than 2,000 centrifuge runs. Objective changes in temporal artery flow velocity consistently preceded visual degradation for each subject during all acceleration profiles. No subject has gone unconscious without first exhibiting a minimum 6 sec of total flow cessation. Retrograde flow followed by complete flow cessation always preceded central light loss. Results indicate that this method can be successfully used with a wide variety of tasks during exposure to +Gz acceleration. It is recommended for use during evaluation of protective maneuvers or devices on the centrifuge or during actual flight in high performance aircraft. It may also serve as a potential safety monitor during space Shuttle re-entry if there is doubt about a passenger's cardiovascular status.

  16. EVALUATING THE OBJECTIVES IN FOREIGN-LANGUAGE TEACHING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VALETTE, REBECCA M.

    AUDIOLINGUAL TEACHING METHODS HAVE CREATED THE NEED FOR NEW TESTING TECHNIQUES IN THE FOUR LANGUAGE SKILLS OF LISTENING, SPEAKING, AND WRITING. VARIOUS CURRENT METHODS AND SPECIFIC STANDARDIZED TESTS FOR EVALUATING EACH OF THE SKILLS, INCLUDING PURE SKILLS TESTS WHICH UTILIZE ONLY ONE SKILL IN BOTH STIMULUS AND RESPONSE AND HYBRID SKILLS TESTS…

  17. An Implementation of an Operating System Kernel using Concurrent Object Oriented Language ABCL/c+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doi, Norihisa; Kodama, Yasushi; Hirose, Ken

    The ABCL/c+ is a C-based concurrent object-oriented language, designed as an extension of ABCL/l, a language developed by A. Yonezawa and others. In order to create the world of processes, a routine object is introduced which unifies procedures, functions, and objects. ABCL/c+ is then used to write an operating system kernel. The XINU operating system, developed by D. Comer and others of Bell Laboratories, is rewritten entirely in ABCL/c+. The result shows that concurrent object-oriented languages can produce a highly readable and understandable operating system kernel.

  18. Determiner Selection in Romance Languages: Evidence from French

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foucart, Alice; Branigan, Holly P.; Bard, Ellen G.

    2010-01-01

    Determiner selection requires the retrieval of the noun's syntactic features (e.g., gender) and sometimes of its phonological features. Miozzo and Caramazza (1999) argued that the selection of determiners in Germanic languages is more straightforward than in Romance languages because it is not dependent on the phonological properties of the…

  19. Syntactic Survey of Determiners in Mo/Deg Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anto, Sylvester Kwabena

    2014-01-01

    This study is descriptive, and it is set out to primarily investigate the use and order of determiners in the Mo/Deg language. The study finds answers to the questions, "What determiner types are there in the Mo/Deg language, and in what order do they collocate with the head of the noun phrase?" Using purposive sampling, the study…

  20. ERPs Reveal Atypical Processing of Subject versus Object "Wh"-Questions in Children with Specific Language Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Baila; Hestvik, Arild; Shafer, Valerie L.; Schwartz, Richard G.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) show particular difficulty comprehending and producing object ("Who did the bear follow?") relative to subject ("Who followed the tiger?") "wh"-questions. Aims: To determine if school-age children with SLI, relative to children with typical development (TD),…

  1. Method and apparatus for determining the coordinates of an object

    DOEpatents

    Pedersen, Paul S.

    2002-01-01

    A simplified method and related apparatus are described for determining the location of points on the surface of an object by varying, in accordance with a unique sequence, the intensity of each illuminated pixel directed to the object surface, and detecting at known detector pixel locations the intensity sequence of reflected illumination from the surface of the object whereby the identity and location of the originating illuminated pixel can be determined. The coordinates of points on the surface of the object are then determined by conventional triangulation methods.

  2. Our Perception of Woman as Determined by Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayim, Maryann

    Recognition of gender as a significant factor in the social parameters of language is a very recent phenomonon. The external aspects of language as they relate to sexism have social and political ramifications. Using Peirce's definition of sign, which encompasses the representation, the object, and its interpretation, sexually stereotypic language…

  3. Recovery from First-Language Transfer: The Second Language Acquisition of English Double Objects by Korean Speakers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Eunjeong

    2010-01-01

    Previous studies on second language (L2) acquisition of English dative alternation by Korean speakers (Oh and Zubizarreta, 2003, 2006a, 2006b) have shown that the acquisition of English benefactive double object (DO) (e.g. "John baked Mary a cake") lags behind that of its counterpart goal double object (e.g. "John sent Mary the letter"). This…

  4. The role of language in acquiring object kind concepts in infancy.

    PubMed

    Xu, Fei

    2002-10-01

    Four experiments investigated whether 9-month-old infants could use the presence of labels to help them establish a representation of two distinct objects in a complex object individuation task. We found that the presence of two distinct labels facilitated object individuation, but the presence of one label for both objects, two distinct tones, two distinct sounds, or two distinct emotional expressions did not. These findings suggest that language may play an important role in the acquisition of sortal/object kind concepts in infancy: words may serve as "essence placeholders". Implications for the relationship between language and conceptual development are discussed.

  5. Attentional Capture of Objects Referred to by Spoken Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salverda, Anne Pier; Altmann, Gerry T. M.

    2011-01-01

    Participants saw a small number of objects in a visual display and performed a visual detection or visual-discrimination task in the context of task-irrelevant spoken distractors. In each experiment, a visual cue was presented 400 ms after the onset of a spoken word. In experiments 1 and 2, the cue was an isoluminant color change and participants…

  6. An Object Description Language for Distributed Discrete Event Simulations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-05-24

    system of an object undergoing projectile motion under the influence of gravity. When considering this physical system we can ignore many of the...part. Thesis Advisor Associate Professor David W. Krume Draper Technical Supervison Dr. Owen L. Deutsch Thesis Committee Member. Associate Professor...to a merciful conclusion. This thesis was prepared at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc., under projects 13025 (Multi-Agent Collaboration

  7. Attitudes of Students towards Learning Objects in Web-Based Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basal, Ahmet; Gurol, Mehmet; Sevindik, Tuncay

    2012-01-01

    Language education is important in the rapidly changing world. Every year much effort has spent on preparing teaching materials for language education. Since positive attitudes of learners towards a teaching material enhance the effectiveness of that material, it is important to determine the attitudes of learners towards the material used.…

  8. Determiner selection in romance languages: evidence from French.

    PubMed

    Foucart, Alice; Branigan, Holly P; Bard, Ellen G

    2010-11-01

    Determiner selection requires the retrieval of the noun's syntactic features (e.g., gender) and sometimes of its phonological features. Miozzo and Caramazza (1999) argued that the selection of determiners in Germanic languages is more straightforward than in Romance languages because it is not dependent on the phonological properties of the following word. In the present study, we used the picture-word interference paradigm to investigate the dependency of the determiner on the noun's features in French. In 3 experiments, we found a gender congruency effect at +200 stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA), indicating that participants were slower to produce the name of a picture (determiner + noun) when the picture-word pair was incongruent in gender than when it was congruent. We failed to replicate this effect at 0 SOA, in line with previous studies (Alario & Caramazza, 2002). Our results suggest that the features involved in determiner selection are not language specific but rather are specific to the determiner system.

  9. A Selected Annotated Bibliography on Behavioral Objectives in the English Language Arts (Elementary and Secondary).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barth, Rodney J.

    This bibliography describes books and articles designed to help English language arts teachers plan instructional goals, write behavioral objectives, and evaluate student performance. In addition, materials are included which discuss the pros and cons of behavioral objectives and related efforts at accountability. This bibliography contains all of…

  10. Language Test as Boundary Object: Perspectives from Test Users in the Healthcare Domain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macqueen, Susy; Pill, John; Knoch, Ute

    2016-01-01

    Objects that sit between intersecting social worlds, such as Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) tests, are "boundary objects"--dynamic, historically derived mechanisms which maintain coherence between worlds (Star & Griesemer, 1989). They emerge initially from sociopolitical mandates, such as the need to ensure a safe and efficient…

  11. Differential Effects of Language Attrition in the Domains of Verb Placement and Object Expression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the differential effects of language attrition in two diverse linguistic domains: verb placement and object expression. Linguistic phenomena at the syntax--discourse interface, such as object expression, have been shown to be more vulnerable to attrition than narrow syntax properties, such as verb placement. This study aims…

  12. Ruby-Helix: an implementation of helical image processing based on object-oriented scripting language.

    PubMed

    Metlagel, Zoltan; Kikkawa, Yayoi S; Kikkawa, Masahide

    2007-01-01

    Helical image analysis in combination with electron microscopy has been used to study three-dimensional structures of various biological filaments or tubes, such as microtubules, actin filaments, and bacterial flagella. A number of packages have been developed to carry out helical image analysis. Some biological specimens, however, have a symmetry break (seam) in their three-dimensional structure, even though their subunits are mostly arranged in a helical manner. We refer to these objects as "asymmetric helices". All the existing packages are designed for helically symmetric specimens, and do not allow analysis of asymmetric helical objects, such as microtubules with seams. Here, we describe Ruby-Helix, a new set of programs for the analysis of "helical" objects with or without a seam. Ruby-Helix is built on top of the Ruby programming language and is the first implementation of asymmetric helical reconstruction for practical image analysis. It also allows easier and semi-automated analysis, performing iterative unbending and accurate determination of the repeat length. As a result, Ruby-Helix enables us to analyze motor-microtubule complexes with higher throughput to higher resolution.

  13. Identity as the Primary Determinant of Language Choice in Valencia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrer, Raquel Casesnoves; Sankoff, David

    2003-01-01

    Examines the determinants of language choice using sociodemographic, behavioral, and ideological data on a sample of 180 high school students in the city of Valencia, Spain and the neighboring town of Xativa. Evaluates the relative importance of sociodemographic and ideological factors on the choice of Valencian or Castilian in several contexts…

  14. CANTAB object recognition and language tests to detect aging cognitive decline: an exploratory comparative study

    PubMed Central

    Cabral Soares, Fernanda; de Oliveira, Thaís Cristina Galdino; de Macedo, Liliane Dias e Dias; Tomás, Alessandra Mendonça; Picanço-Diniz, Domingos Luiz Wanderley; Bento-Torres, João; Bento-Torres, Natáli Valim Oliver; Picanço-Diniz, Cristovam Wanderley

    2015-01-01

    Objective The recognition of the limits between normal and pathological aging is essential to start preventive actions. The aim of this paper is to compare the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) and language tests to distinguish subtle differences in cognitive performances in two different age groups, namely young adults and elderly cognitively normal subjects. Method We selected 29 young adults (29.9±1.06 years) and 31 older adults (74.1±1.15 years) matched by educational level (years of schooling). All subjects underwent a general assessment and a battery of neuropsychological tests, including the Mini Mental State Examination, visuospatial learning, and memory tasks from CANTAB and language tests. Cluster and discriminant analysis were applied to all neuropsychological test results to distinguish possible subgroups inside each age group. Results Significant differences in the performance of aged and young adults were detected in both language and visuospatial memory tests. Intragroup cluster and discriminant analysis revealed that CANTAB, as compared to language tests, was able to detect subtle but significant differences between the subjects. Conclusion Based on these findings, we concluded that, as compared to language tests, large-scale application of automated visuospatial tests to assess learning and memory might increase our ability to discern the limits between normal and pathological aging. PMID:25565785

  15. GELLO: An Object-Oriented Query and Expression Language for Clinical Decision Support

    PubMed Central

    Sordo, Margarita; Ogunyemi, Omolola; Boxwala, Aziz A.; Greenes, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    GELLO is a purpose-specific, object-oriented (OO) query and expression language [1]. GELLO is the result of a concerted effort of the Decision Systems Group (DSG) working with the HL7 Clinical Decision Support Technical Committee (CDSTC) to provide the HL7 community with a common format for data encoding and manipulation. GELLO will soon be submitted for ballot to the HL7 CDSTC for consideration as a standard. PMID:14728515

  16. Determination of feature generation methods for PTZ camera object tracking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doyle, Daniel D.; Black, Jonathan T.

    2012-06-01

    Object detection and tracking using computer vision (CV) techniques have been widely applied to sensor fusion applications. Many papers continue to be written that speed up performance and increase learning of artificially intelligent systems through improved algorithms, workload distribution, and information fusion. Military application of real-time tracking systems is becoming more and more complex with an ever increasing need of fusion and CV techniques to actively track and control dynamic systems. Examples include the use of metrology systems for tracking and measuring micro air vehicles (MAVs) and autonomous navigation systems for controlling MAVs. This paper seeks to contribute to the determination of select tracking algorithms that best track a moving object using a pan/tilt/zoom (PTZ) camera applicable to both of the examples presented. The select feature generation algorithms compared in this paper are the trained Scale-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and Speeded Up Robust Features (SURF), the Mixture of Gaussians (MoG) background subtraction method, the Lucas- Kanade optical flow method (2000) and the Farneback optical flow method (2003). The matching algorithm used in this paper for the trained feature generation algorithms is the Fast Library for Approximate Nearest Neighbors (FLANN). The BSD licensed OpenCV library is used extensively to demonstrate the viability of each algorithm and its performance. Initial testing is performed on a sequence of images using a stationary camera. Further testing is performed on a sequence of images such that the PTZ camera is moving in order to capture the moving object. Comparisons are made based upon accuracy, speed and memory.

  17. Atypical Right Hemisphere Specialization for Object Representations in an Adolescent with Specific Language Impairment

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Timothy T.; Erhart, Matthew; Avesar, Daniel; Dale, Anders M.; Halgren, Eric; Evans, Julia L.

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with a diagnosis of specific language impairment (SLI) show abnormal spoken language occurring alongside normal non-verbal abilities. Behaviorally, people with SLI exhibit diverse profiles of impairment involving phonological, grammatical, syntactic, and semantic aspects of language. In this study, we used a multimodal neuroimaging technique called anatomically constrained magnetoencephalography (aMEG) to measure the dynamic functional brain organization of an adolescent with SLI. Using single-subject statistical maps of cortical activity, we compared this patient to a sibling and to a cohort of typically developing subjects during the performance of tasks designed to evoke semantic representations of concrete objects. Localized patterns of brain activity within the language impaired patient showed marked differences from the typical functional organization, with significant engagement of right hemisphere heteromodal cortical regions generally homotopic to the left hemisphere areas that usually show the greatest activity for such tasks. Functional neuroanatomical differences were evident at early sensoriperceptual processing stages and continued through later cognitive stages, observed specifically at latencies typically associated with semantic encoding operations. Our findings show with real-time temporal specificity evidence for an atypical right hemisphere specialization for the representation of concrete entities, independent of verbal motor demands. More broadly, our results demonstrate the feasibility and potential utility of using aMEG to characterize individual patient differences in the dynamic functional organization of the brain. PMID:24592231

  18. Complexity constrained rate-distortion optimization of sign language video using an objective intelligibility metric

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciaramello, Frank M.; Hemami, Sheila S.

    2008-01-01

    Sign language users are eager for the freedom and convenience of video communication over cellular devices. Compression of sign language video in this setting offers unique challenges. The low bitrates available make encoding decisions extremely important, while the power constraints of the device limit the encoder complexity. The ultimate goal is to maximize the intelligibility of the conversation given the rate-constrained cellular channel and power constrained encoding device. This paper uses an objective measure of intelligibility, based on subjective testing with members of the Deaf community, for rate-distortion optimization of sign language video within the H.264 framework. Performance bounds are established by using the intelligibility metric in a Lagrangian cost function along with a trellis search to make optimal mode and quantizer decisions for each macroblock. The optimal QP values are analyzed and the unique structure of sign language is exploited in order to reduce complexity by three orders of magnitude relative to the trellis search technique with no loss in rate-distortion performance. Further reductions in complexity are made by eliminating rarely occuring modes in the encoding process. The low complexity SL optimization technique increases the measured intelligibility up to 3.5 dB, at fixed rates, and reduces rate by as much as 60% at fixed levels of intelligibility with respect to a rate control algorithm designed for aesthetic distortion as measured by MSE.

  19. Detecting Target Objects by Natural Language Instructions Using an RGB-D Camera

    PubMed Central

    Bao, Jiatong; Jia, Yunyi; Cheng, Yu; Tang, Hongru; Xi, Ning

    2016-01-01

    Controlling robots by natural language (NL) is increasingly attracting attention for its versatility, convenience and no need of extensive training for users. Grounding is a crucial challenge of this problem to enable robots to understand NL instructions from humans. This paper mainly explores the object grounding problem and concretely studies how to detect target objects by the NL instructions using an RGB-D camera in robotic manipulation applications. In particular, a simple yet robust vision algorithm is applied to segment objects of interest. With the metric information of all segmented objects, the object attributes and relations between objects are further extracted. The NL instructions that incorporate multiple cues for object specifications are parsed into domain-specific annotations. The annotations from NL and extracted information from the RGB-D camera are matched in a computational state estimation framework to search all possible object grounding states. The final grounding is accomplished by selecting the states which have the maximum probabilities. An RGB-D scene dataset associated with different groups of NL instructions based on different cognition levels of the robot are collected. Quantitative evaluations on the dataset illustrate the advantages of the proposed method. The experiments of NL controlled object manipulation and NL-based task programming using a mobile manipulator show its effectiveness and practicability in robotic applications. PMID:27983604

  20. Detecting Target Objects by Natural Language Instructions Using an RGB-D Camera.

    PubMed

    Bao, Jiatong; Jia, Yunyi; Cheng, Yu; Tang, Hongru; Xi, Ning

    2016-12-13

    Controlling robots by natural language (NL) is increasingly attracting attention for its versatility, convenience and no need of extensive training for users. Grounding is a crucial challenge of this problem to enable robots to understand NL instructions from humans. This paper mainly explores the object grounding problem and concretely studies how to detect target objects by the NL instructions using an RGB-D camera in robotic manipulation applications. In particular, a simple yet robust vision algorithm is applied to segment objects of interest. With the metric information of all segmented objects, the object attributes and relations between objects are further extracted. The NL instructions that incorporate multiple cues for object specifications are parsed into domain-specific annotations. The annotations from NL and extracted information from the RGB-D camera are matched in a computational state estimation framework to search all possible object grounding states. The final grounding is accomplished by selecting the states which have the maximum probabilities. An RGB-D scene dataset associated with different groups of NL instructions based on different cognition levels of the robot are collected. Quantitative evaluations on the dataset illustrate the advantages of the proposed method. The experiments of NL controlled object manipulation and NL-based task programming using a mobile manipulator show its effectiveness and practicability in robotic applications.

  1. Improved Space Object Orbit Determination Using CMOS Detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schildknecht, T.; Peltonen, J.; Sännti, T.; Silha, J.; Flohrer, T.

    2014-09-01

    CMOS-sensors, or in general Active Pixel Sensors (APS), are rapidly replacing CCDs in the consumer camera market. Due to significant technological advances during the past years these devices start to compete with CCDs also for demanding scientific imaging applications, in particular in the astronomy community. CMOS detectors offer a series of inherent advantages compared to CCDs, due to the structure of their basic pixel cells, which each contains their own amplifier and readout electronics. The most prominent advantages for space object observations are the extremely fast and flexible readout capabilities, feasibility for electronic shuttering and precise epoch registration, and the potential to perform image processing operations on-chip and in real-time. The major challenges and design drivers for ground-based and space-based optical observation strategies have been analyzed. CMOS detector characteristics were critically evaluated and compared with the established CCD technology, especially with respect to the above mentioned observations. Similarly, the desirable on-chip processing functionalities which would further enhance the object detection and image segmentation were identified. Finally, we simulated several observation scenarios for ground- and space-based sensor by assuming different observation and sensor properties. We will introduce the analyzed end-to-end simulations of the ground- and space-based strategies in order to investigate the orbit determination accuracy and its sensitivity which may result from different values for the frame-rate, pixel scale, astrometric and epoch registration accuracies. Two cases were simulated, a survey using a ground-based sensor to observe objects in LEO for surveillance applications, and a statistical survey with a space-based sensor orbiting in LEO observing small-size debris in LEO. The ground-based LEO survey uses a dynamical fence close to the Earth shadow a few hours after sunset. For the space-based scenario

  2. Determination of crossed language dominance: dissociation of language lateralization within the temporoparietal cortex.

    PubMed

    Jansen, Andreas; Müller, Stephanie; Bedenbender, Johannes; Krach, Sören; Paulus, Frieder M; Kircher, Tilo; Sommer, Jens

    2013-08-01

    'Crossed language dominance' is a rare form of language lateralization, characterized by a dissociation of anterior and posterior language regions. We present the case of a healthy subject whose language lateralization pattern, as assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging, is reliably characterized as crossed language dominance based on a word generation task, but typical left-lateralized when a semantic decision task is applied. A single language task is therefore not sufficient to characterize language lateralization, at least not for subjects with rare forms of language dominance. In the pre-surgical diagnostic of language lateralization, several language tasks tapping into different aspects of language functions should be applied.

  3. Determining root correspondence between previously and newly detected objects

    DOEpatents

    Paglieroni, David W.; Beer, N Reginald

    2014-06-17

    A system that applies attribute and topology based change detection to networks of objects that were detected on previous scans of a structure, roadway, or area of interest. The attributes capture properties or characteristics of the previously detected objects, such as location, time of detection, size, elongation, orientation, etc. The topology of the network of previously detected objects is maintained in a constellation database that stores attributes of previously detected objects and implicitly captures the geometrical structure of the network. A change detection system detects change by comparing the attributes and topology of new objects detected on the latest scan to the constellation database of previously detected objects.

  4. Semantic framework for mapping object-oriented model to semantic web languages

    PubMed Central

    Ježek, Petr; Mouček, Roman

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with and discusses two main approaches in building semantic structures for electrophysiological metadata. It is the use of conventional data structures, repositories, and programming languages on one hand and the use of formal representations of ontologies, known from knowledge representation, such as description logics or semantic web languages on the other hand. Although knowledge engineering offers languages supporting richer semantic means of expression and technological advanced approaches, conventional data structures and repositories are still popular among developers, administrators and users because of their simplicity, overall intelligibility, and lower demands on technical equipment. The choice of conventional data resources and repositories, however, raises the question of how and where to add semantics that cannot be naturally expressed using them. As one of the possible solutions, this semantics can be added into the structures of the programming language that accesses and processes the underlying data. To support this idea we introduced a software prototype that enables its users to add semantically richer expressions into a Java object-oriented code. This approach does not burden users with additional demands on programming environment since reflective Java annotations were used as an entry for these expressions. Moreover, additional semantics need not to be written by the programmer directly to the code, but it can be collected from non-programmers using a graphic user interface. The mapping that allows the transformation of the semantically enriched Java code into the Semantic Web language OWL was proposed and implemented in a library named the Semantic Framework. This approach was validated by the integration of the Semantic Framework in the EEG/ERP Portal and by the subsequent registration of the EEG/ERP Portal in the Neuroscience Information Framework. PMID:25762923

  5. Semantic framework for mapping object-oriented model to semantic web languages.

    PubMed

    Ježek, Petr; Mouček, Roman

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with and discusses two main approaches in building semantic structures for electrophysiological metadata. It is the use of conventional data structures, repositories, and programming languages on one hand and the use of formal representations of ontologies, known from knowledge representation, such as description logics or semantic web languages on the other hand. Although knowledge engineering offers languages supporting richer semantic means of expression and technological advanced approaches, conventional data structures and repositories are still popular among developers, administrators and users because of their simplicity, overall intelligibility, and lower demands on technical equipment. The choice of conventional data resources and repositories, however, raises the question of how and where to add semantics that cannot be naturally expressed using them. As one of the possible solutions, this semantics can be added into the structures of the programming language that accesses and processes the underlying data. To support this idea we introduced a software prototype that enables its users to add semantically richer expressions into a Java object-oriented code. This approach does not burden users with additional demands on programming environment since reflective Java annotations were used as an entry for these expressions. Moreover, additional semantics need not to be written by the programmer directly to the code, but it can be collected from non-programmers using a graphic user interface. The mapping that allows the transformation of the semantically enriched Java code into the Semantic Web language OWL was proposed and implemented in a library named the Semantic Framework. This approach was validated by the integration of the Semantic Framework in the EEG/ERP Portal and by the subsequent registration of the EEG/ERP Portal in the Neuroscience Information Framework.

  6. The application of the unified modeling language in object-oriented analysis of healthcare information systems.

    PubMed

    Aggarwal, Vinod

    2002-10-01

    This paper concerns itself with the beneficial effects of the Unified Modeling Language (UML), a nonproprietary object modeling standard, in specifying, visualizing, constructing, documenting, and communicating the model of a healthcare information system from the user's perspective. The author outlines the process of object-oriented analysis (OOA) using the UML and illustrates this with healthcare examples to demonstrate the practicality of application of the UML by healthcare personnel to real-world information system problems. The UML will accelerate advanced uses of object-orientation such as reuse technology, resulting in significantly higher software productivity. The UML is also applicable in the context of a component paradigm that promises to enhance the capabilities of healthcare information systems and simplify their management and maintenance.

  7. A simple objective method for determining a dynamic journal collection.

    PubMed

    Bastille, J D; Mankin, C J

    1980-10-01

    In order to determine the content of a journal collection responsive to both user needs and space and dollar constraints, quantitative measures of the use of a 647-title collection have been related to space and cost requirements to develop objective criteria for a dynamic collection for the Treadwell Library at the Massachusetts General Hospital, a large medical research center. Data were collected for one calendar year (1977) and stored with the elements for each title's profile in a computerized file. To account for the effect of the bulk of the journal runs on the number of uses, raw use data have been adjusted using linear shelf space required for each title to produce a factor called density of use. Titles have been ranked by raw use and by density of use with space and cost requirements for each. Data have also been analyzed for five special categories of use. Given automated means of collecting and storing data, use measures should be collected continuously. Using raw use frequency ranking to relate use to space and costs seems sensible since a decision point cutoff can be chosen in terms of the potential interlibrary loans generated. But it places new titles at risk while protecting titles with long, little used runs. Basing decisions on density of use frequency ranking seems to produce a larger yield of titles with fewer potential interlibrary loans and to identify titles with overlong runs which may be pruned or converted to microform. The method developed is simple and practical. Its design will be improved to apply to data collected in 1980 for a continuous study of journal use. The problem addressed is essentially one of inventory control. Viewed as such it makes good financial sense to measure use as part of the routine operation of the library to provide information for effective management decisions.

  8. Fishy Fishes: The Typicality of Object Stimuli Used to Assess Children's Language in the Reynell Development Language Scales--III

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Syrnyk, Corinne; Meints, Kerstin

    2012-01-01

    Background: Numerous studies show clear evidence that children display typicality effects during early word learning. However, little is known of the typicality of stimuli used by standardized language tests to assess children's language development. Aims: To examine the typicality of stimuli used by the Reynell Developmental Language Scales--III…

  9. 3-D Object Pose Determination Using Complex EGI

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-10-01

    IKEG1 ji = 0. . .. 12 4.1 Tesselated pentakis dodecahedron ..... ....................... 19 4.2 First composite object used for testing... dodecahedron (tesselated pentakis dodecahedron ) as shown in Fig. 4.1. The normal direction space is discretized into 240 cells as well. The CEGI weights are...deviation of the error distribution.) 18 Figure 4. 1: Tesselated pentakis dodecahedron Figure 4.2: First composite object used for testing 19 Figure

  10. Verbal inflection, articles and object clitics in Italian specific language impairment.

    PubMed

    Junyent, Andrea Anahí; Levorato, Maria Chiara; Denes, Gianfranco

    2010-11-01

    Morphosyntactic skills in spontaneous and elicited production of a 7-year-old boy with specific language impairment (SLI) were examined and compared to those of younger, mean length of utterance (MLU)-matched, typically-developing children. This study focused on inflectional phrase structures as well as complex constructions in order to investigate hypotheses which suggest verbal inflection is a key deficit underlying SLI. It analysed the most affected morphemes in Italian: articles and direct and indirect object clitics. A deficit was found in verbal inflection as well as in articles and object clitics. The difficulties with verbal inflection found were expected given the child's MLU. Problems with articles and clitics were unexpected for MLU, presenting a challenge for hypotheses that focus on verbal inflection.

  11. Power spectral density changes and language lateralization during covert object naming tasks measured with high-density EEG recordings.

    PubMed

    Ramon, C; Holmes, M; Freeman, Walter J; Gratkowski, Maciej; Eriksen, K J; Haueisen, Jens

    2009-01-01

    Our objective was to study changes in EEG time-domain power spectral density (PSDt) and localization of language areas during covert object naming tasks in human subjects with epilepsy. EEG data for subjects with epilepsy were acquired during the covert object naming tasks using a net of 256 electrodes. The trials required each subject to provide the names of common objects presented every 4 seconds on slides. Each trial comprised the 1.0 second before and 3.0 seconds after initial object presentation. PSDt values at baseline and during tasks were calculated in the theta, alpha, beta, low gamma, and high gamma bands. The spatial contour plots reveal that PSDt values during object naming were 10-20% higher than the baseline values for different bands. Language was lateralized to left frontal or temporal areas. In all cases, the Wada test disclosed language lateralization to the left hemisphere as well.

  12. Determinants of novel object and location recognition during development.

    PubMed

    Jablonski, S A; Schreiber, W B; Westbrook, S R; Brennan, L E; Stanton, M E

    2013-11-01

    In the novel object recognition (OR) paradigm, rats are placed in an arena where they encounter two sample objects during a familiarization phase. A few minutes later, they are returned to the same arena and are presented with a familiar object and a novel object. The object location recognition (OL) variant involves the same familiarization procedure but during testing one of the familiar objects is placed in a novel location. Normal adult rats are able to perform both the OR and OL tasks, as indicated by enhanced exploration of the novel vs. the familiar test item. Rats with hippocampal lesions perform the OR but not OL task indicating a role of spatial memory in OL. Recently, these tasks have been used to study the ontogeny of spatial memory but the literature has yielded conflicting results. The current experiments add to this literature by: (1) behaviorally characterizing these paradigms in postnatal day (PD) 21, 26 and 31-day-old rats; (2) examining the role of NMDA systems in OR vs. OL; and (3) investigating the effects of neonatal alcohol exposure on both tasks. Results indicate that normal-developing rats are able to perform OR and OL by PD21, with greater novelty exploration in the OR task at each age. Second, memory acquisition in the OL but not OR task requires NMDA receptor function in juvenile rats [corrected]. Lastly, neonatal alcohol exposure does not disrupt performance in either task. Implications for the ontogeny of incidental spatial learning and its disruption by developmental alcohol exposure are discussed.

  13. Language Structure Is Partly Determined by Social Structure

    PubMed Central

    Lupyan, Gary; Dale, Rick

    2010-01-01

    Background Languages differ greatly both in their syntactic and morphological systems and in the social environments in which they exist. We challenge the view that language grammars are unrelated to social environments in which they are learned and used. Methodology/Principal Findings We conducted a statistical analysis of >2,000 languages using a combination of demographic sources and the World Atlas of Language Structures— a database of structural language properties. We found strong relationships between linguistic factors related to morphological complexity, and demographic/socio-historical factors such as the number of language users, geographic spread, and degree of language contact. The analyses suggest that languages spoken by large groups have simpler inflectional morphology than languages spoken by smaller groups as measured on a variety of factors such as case systems and complexity of conjugations. Additionally, languages spoken by large groups are much more likely to use lexical strategies in place of inflectional morphology to encode evidentiality, negation, aspect, and possession. Our findings indicate that just as biological organisms are shaped by ecological niches, language structures appear to adapt to the environment (niche) in which they are being learned and used. As adults learn a language, features that are difficult for them to acquire, are less likely to be passed on to subsequent learners. Languages used for communication in large groups that include adult learners appear to have been subjected to such selection. Conversely, the morphological complexity common to languages used in small groups increases redundancy which may facilitate language learning by infants. Conclusions/Significance We hypothesize that language structures are subjected to different evolutionary pressures in different social environments. Just as biological organisms are shaped by ecological niches, language structures appear to adapt to the environment (niche) in

  14. A rating scale for the assessment of objective and subjective formal Thought and Language Disorder (TALD).

    PubMed

    Kircher, Tilo; Krug, Axel; Stratmann, Mirjam; Ghazi, Sayed; Schales, Christian; Frauenheim, Michael; Turner, Lena; Fährmann, Paul; Hornig, Tobias; Katzev, Michael; Grosvald, Michael; Müller-Isberner, Rüdiger; Nagels, Arne

    2014-12-01

    Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a core syndrome of schizophrenia. However, patients with other diagnoses, such as mania and depression amongst others, also present with FTD. We introduce a novel, comprehensive clinical rating scale, capturing the full variety of FTD phenomenology including subjective experiences. The 30-item Thought and Language Disorder (TALD) scale is based on a detailed review of the literature, encompassing all formal thought disorder symptoms reported from the early 20th century onwards. Objectively observable symptoms as well as subjective phenomena were included. Two hundred and ten participants (146 patients ICD-10 diagnoses: depression n=63, schizophrenia n=63, mania n=20; 64 healthy control subjects) were interviewed and symptoms rated with the TALD, TLC, HAMD, YMRS and SAPS/SANS. A principal component analyses was performed for the TALD to differentiate sub-syndromes. The principal component analysis revealed four FTD factors; objective and subjective as well as positive and negative factor dimensions. The correlation analyses with the TLC and the SAPS/SANS FTD sub-scores demonstrated the factor validity for the objective factors. The different diagnoses showed a distinct pattern of symptom severity in each of the factors, with mania patients exhibiting the highest value in the positive, objective dimension. The scale showed good psychometric results, which makes it a practicable, nosologically-open instrument for the detailed assessment of all FTD dimensions. The results strengthen the importance of subjective symptom assessment reported by the patient.

  15. Matrix Determination of Reflectance of Hidden Object via Indirect Photography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    figure(1) colormap (bone) imagesc(ObjView) %% Define S2 positions L1y=15.5; x2min=3; x2max=7; x2step=(x2max-x2min)/(Resolution); CenterX=5... colormap (bone) 55 %imagesc(BRDFMat) DarkSum=0; for i=1:ObjectCols if mod(floor(i/(Restart+.001)),2)==0; %if column corresponds to odd

  16. Description and status update on GELLO: a proposed standardized object-oriented expression language for clinical decision support.

    PubMed

    Sordo, Margarita; Boxwala, Aziz A; Ogunyemi, Omolola; Greenes, Robert A

    2004-01-01

    A major obstacle to sharing computable clinical knowledge is the lack of a common language for specifying expressions and criteria. Such a language could be used to specify decision criteria, formulae, and constraints on data and action. Al-though the Arden Syntax addresses this problem for clinical rules, its generalization to HL7's object-oriented data model is limited. The GELLO Expression language is an object-oriented language used for expressing logical conditions and computations in the GLIF3 (GuideLine Interchange Format, v. 3) guideline modeling language. It has been further developed under the auspices of the HL7 Clinical Decision Support Technical Committee, as a proposed HL7 standard., GELLO is based on the Object Constraint Language (OCL), because it is vendor-independent, object-oriented, and side-effect-free. GELLO expects an object-oriented data model. Although choice of model is arbitrary, standardization is facilitated by ensuring that the data model is compatible with the HL7 Reference Information Model (RIM).

  17. Assessing language dominance in Mandarin-English bilinguals: Convergence and divergence between subjective and objective measures

    PubMed Central

    Sheng, Li; Lu, Ying; Gollan, Tamar H.

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the convergence and divergence between subjective and objective measures of language proficiency for assessing language dominance in Mandarin-English bilinguals. Sixty-two young adults (Experiment 1) and 27 children (Experiment 2) provided self-ratings of proficiency level (or were rated by their parents), were interviewed for spoken proficiency, and named pictures in the Multilingual Naming Test (MINT) and (in Experiment 1 only) the Boston Naming Test. In Experiment 1, the four measures converged in the number of people classified into different dominance groups but both naming tests indicated greater English dominance than self-report and interview measures. In Experiment 2, parent report and interview measures converged in dominance classifications but the MINT indicated higher degrees of English dominance. To a large extent bilinguals were able to classify themselves (or their children) into dominance groups but some mismatches between measures in dominance classification were observed for all age and dominance groups. These results, together with previous findings with Spanish-English bilingual adults (Gollan et al., 2012), suggest that bilinguals may shift to English dominance in confrontation naming before they do so in conversational fluency, and that dominance shifts persist throughout the lifespan but may be relatively more pronounced in children. These findings caution against the use of self-reports as the sole means of classifying bilinguals into dominance groups and support a multi-measure approach including direct assessment of the relevant linguistic domain. PMID:25379011

  18. Teaching computer interfacing with virtual instruments in an object-oriented language.

    PubMed

    Gulotta, M

    1995-11-01

    LabVIEW is a graphic object-oriented computer language developed to facilitate hardware/software communication. LabVIEW is a complete computer language that can be used like Basic, FORTRAN, or C. In LabVIEW one creates virtual instruments that aesthetically look like real instruments but are controlled by sophisticated computer programs. There are several levels of data acquisition VIs that make it easy to control data flow, and many signal processing and analysis algorithms come with the software as premade VIs. In the classroom, the similarity between virtual and real instruments helps students understand how information is passed between the computer and attached instruments. The software may be used in the absence of hardware so that students can work at home as well as in the classroom. This article demonstrates how LabVIEW can be used to control data flow between computers and instruments, points out important features for signal processing and analysis, and shows how virtual instruments may be used in place of physical instrumentation. Applications of LabVIEW to the teaching laboratory are also discussed, and a plausible course outline is given.

  19. Space Object Temperature Determination from Multi-Band Infrared Measurements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-16

    equivalent isophotal emissions. Resident Space Objects; Infrared Observations UNL UNL UNL UNL 9 Kathleen E. Kraemer 781-377-7377 Reset INSTRUCTIONS FOR...show that the characteristic parameters are more consistent with the Planck function model when expressed as their equivalent isophotal emissions...Calculations. Sensor Band Minimum Wavelength (μm) Maximum Wavelength (μm) Isophotal Wavelength (μm) A 5.88 11.19 8.28 C 10.53 13.70 12.13 D 12.66

  20. Multiple object redshift determinations in clusters of galaxies using OCTOPUS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazure, A.; Proust, D.; Sodre, L.; Lund, G.; Capelato, H.

    1987-03-01

    The ESO multiobject facility, Octopus, was used to observe a sample of galaxy clusters such as SC2008-565 in an attempt to collect a large set of individual radial velocities. A dispersion of 114 A/mm was used, providing spectral coverage from 3800 to 5180 A. Octopus was found to be a well-adapted instrument for the rapid and simultaneous determination of redshifts in cataloged galaxy clusters.

  1. Multiple object redshift determinations in clusters of galaxies using OCTOPUS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazure, A.; Proust, D.; Sodre, L.; Capelato, H. V.; Lund, G.

    1988-04-01

    The ESO multiobject facility, Octopus, was used to observe a sample of galaxy clusters such as SC2008-565 in an attempt to collect a large set of individual radial velocities. A dispersion of 114 A/mm was used, providing spectral coverage from 3800 to 5180 A. Octopus was found to be a well-adapted instrument for the rapid and simultaneous determination of redshifts in cataloged galaxy clusters.

  2. Determining Classroom Placement for First Year English Language Learner Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peña, Rodrigo H.; Maxwell, Gerri M.

    2015-01-01

    This study explores classroom placement for first year English Language Learner (ELL) students from the perspective of a dual language director and two bilingual education strategists. The study strives to interrogate classroom placement for first year ELL students whose language proficiency level is at beginning level. Through a process of coding…

  3. Morphological Variability in Interlanguage Grammars: New Evidence from the Acquisition of Gender and Number in Italian Determiner Phrases and Direct Object Pronouns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santoro, Maurizio

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I investigate the phenomenon of morphological variability in the production of Italian determiners, descriptive adjectives, and direct object pronouns by adult English learners of Italian to determine whether morphological errors are the result of computational or representational difficulties. Second language acquisitionists do…

  4. Shape determination of unidimensional objects: the virtual image correlation method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Francois, M.; Semin, B.; Auradou, H.; Vatteville, J.

    2010-06-01

    The proposed method, named Virtual Image Correlation, allows one to identify an analytical expression of the shape of a curvilinear object from its image. It uses a virtual beam, whose curvature field is expressed as a truncated mathematical series. The virtual beam width only needs to be close to the physical one; its gray level (in the transverse direction) is bell-shaped. The method consists in finding the coefficients of the series for which the correlation between physical and virtual beams is the best. The accuracy and the robustness of the method is shown by the mean of two examples. The first details a Young’s modulus identification from a cantilever beam image. The second is relative to a thermal plume image, that have a weak contrast and a lot of noise.

  5. La langue francaise, objet de politique linguistique (The French Language, Object of Linguistic Politics).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eloy, Jean-Michel

    1994-01-01

    Discussion of politics of the French language looks at the nature of linguistic politics, offers historical perspective on French linguistic politics, and argues that, in France, language is always linked to the State. Aspects of French linguistic politics concerning the language itself and its role in everyday life are examined. (MSE)

  6. 75 FR 53731 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Contemporary Argentine...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Contemporary Argentine Masterworks'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Contemporary Argentine...

  7. 78 FR 48216 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Balthus: Cats and Girls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Balthus: Cats and Girls--Paintings and Provocations'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Balthus: Cats and...

  8. 75 FR 21384 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Birth of Impressionism...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Birth of Impressionism: Masterpieces... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Birth...

  9. 77 FR 48198 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Faking It: Manipulated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Faking It: Manipulated Photography..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Faking It:...

  10. 78 FR 51802 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Robert Motherwell: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Robert Motherwell: The Early..., 2003, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Robert Motherwell:...

  11. 78 FR 17744 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Maya: Hidden Worlds...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Maya: Hidden Worlds Revealed... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Maya: Hidden Worlds Revealed,'' imported...

  12. 78 FR 28274 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Medieval Treasures from...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim,''...

  13. 77 FR 52783 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Federico Barocci...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Federico Barocci: Renaissance Master... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Federico Barocci: Renaissance...

  14. 78 FR 48925 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Violence and Virtue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Violence and Virtue: Artemisia... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Violence...

  15. 78 FR 61981 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Anders Zorn: Sweden's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Anders Zorn: Sweden's Master Painter... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Anders Zorn: Sweden's Master...

  16. 76 FR 38452 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “King Amenemhet II”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``King Amenemhet II'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``King Amenemhet II,''...

  17. 78 FR 79057 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gauguin: Metamorphoses”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gauguin: Metamorphoses'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition, ``Gauguin:...

  18. 70 FR 43928 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Max Liebermann: From...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2005-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Max Liebermann: From Realism to... , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition, ``Max Liebermann: From...

  19. 68 FR 23172 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Max Beckmann”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2003-04-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Max Beckmann'' AGENCY: Department of... , as amended, I hereby determine that one additional object to be included in the exhibition,...

  20. 76 FR 56491 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso's Drawings, 1890...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Picasso's Drawings, 1890-1921..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Picasso's Drawings,...

  1. 77 FR 65245 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Portrait of Spain...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Portrait of Spain: Masterpieces From..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Portrait of...

  2. 75 FR 28848 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Original Copy...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Original Copy: Photography of... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Original Copy: Photography...

  3. 78 FR 40544 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2013...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2013: Adam Broomberg..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography...

  4. 76 FR 59182 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Impressionism...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Impressionism: Masterworks on Paper... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Impressionism: Masterworks on Paper''...

  5. 78 FR 79058 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chinese Paintings from...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chinese Paintings from Japanese..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chinese Paintings...

  6. 76 FR 20802 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Capitoline Venus”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Capitoline Venus'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``The Capitoline...

  7. 75 FR 53012 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ivory Mirror Case”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ivory Mirror Case'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Ivory Mirror Case,''...

  8. 76 FR 23642 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Projects 95: Runa Islam”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Projects 95: Runa Islam'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Projects 95: Runa...

  9. 78 FR 52997 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Yoga: the Art of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Yoga: the Art of Transformation... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Yoga: the Art of Transformation,''...

  10. 78 FR 1916 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Impressionism, Fashion...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Impressionism, Fashion, and..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Impressionism,...

  11. 78 FR 51802 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Silla: Korea's Golden...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Silla: Korea's Golden Kingdom... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Silla: Korea's Golden Kingdom,'' imported...

  12. The language of objects: Christian Jürgensen Thomsen's science of the past.

    PubMed

    Eskildsen, Kasper Risbjerg

    2012-03-01

    The Danish amateur scholar Christian Jürgensen Thomsen has often been described as a founder of modern "scientific" archaeology. Thomsen's innovation, this essay argues, reflects developments within neighboring fields, such as philology and history. He reacted against historians who limited themselves to histories of texts and therefore abandoned the earliest human history. Instead, he proposed a new history of objects, which included the entire history of humankind. Thomsen's work as director of the Royal Museum of Nordic Antiquities in Copenhagen was especially important for this renewal. The arrangement of artifacts not only helped him formulate his theories, but also allowed him to present his arguments in a language of objects. At the same time, Thomsen's definition of archaeology as a museum science placed his branch of archaeology in a closer relationship with other museum sciences, such as geology and comparative anatomy. From the 1840s, Thomsen's museum became a model for how the study of human artifacts could deliver scientific insights into human nature and the laws of human development.

  13. 78 FR 45285 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Egypt's Mysterious Book...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-26

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Egypt's Mysterious Book of the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Egypt's Mysterious Book... custodians. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at The Walters Art...

  14. Marketing data: has the rise of impact factor led to the fall of objective language in the scientific article?

    PubMed

    Fraser, Véronique J; Martin, James G

    2009-05-11

    The language of science should be objective and detached and should place data in the appropriate context. The aim of this commentary was to explore the notion that recent trends in the use of language have led to a loss of objectivity in the presentation of scientific data. The relationship between the value-laden vocabulary and impact factor among fundamental biomedical research and clinical journals has been explored. It appears that fundamental research journals of high impact factors have experienced a rise in value-laden terms in the past 25 years.

  15. Strength of object representation: its key role in object-based attention for determining the competition result between Gestalt and top-down objects.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Jingjing; Wang, Yonghui; Liu, Donglai; Zhao, Liang; Liu, Peng

    2015-10-01

    It was found in previous studies that two types of objects (rectangles formed according to the Gestalt principle and Chinese words formed in a top-down fashion) can both induce an object-based effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the strength of an object representation affects the result of the competition between these two types of objects based on research carried out by Liu, Wang and Zhou [(2011) Acta Psychologica, 138(3), 397-404]. In Experiment 1, the rectangles were filled with two different colors to increase the strength of Gestalt object representation, and we found that the object effect changed significantly for the different stimulus types. Experiment 2 used Chinese words with various familiarities to manipulate the strength of the top-down object representation. As a result, the object-based effect induced by rectangles was observed only when the Chinese word familiarity was low. These results suggest that the strength of object representation determines the result of competition between different types of objects.

  16. Task Irrelevant External Cues Can Influence Language Selection in Voluntary Object Naming: Evidence from Hindi-English Bilinguals

    PubMed Central

    Bhatia, Divya; Prasad, Seema Gorur; Sake, Kaushik; Mishra, Ramesh Kumar

    2017-01-01

    We examined if external cues such as other agents' actions can influence the choice of language during voluntary and cued object naming in bilinguals in three experiments. Hindi–English bilinguals first saw a cartoon waving at a color patch. They were then asked to either name a picture in the language of their choice (voluntary block) or to name in the instructed language (cued block). The colors waved at by the cartoon were also the colors used as language cues (Hindi or English). We compared the influence of the cartoon’s choice of color on naming when speakers had to indicate their choice explicitly before naming (Experiment 1) as opposed to when they named directly on seeing the pictures (Experiment 2 and 3). Results showed that participants chose the language indicated by the cartoon greater number of times (Experiment 1 and 3). Speakers also switched significantly to the language primed by the cartoon greater number of times (Experiment 1 and 2). These results suggest that choices leading to voluntary action, as in the case of object naming can be influenced significantly by external non-linguistic cues. Importantly, these symbolic influences can work even when other agents are merely indicating their choices and are not interlocutors in bilingual communication. PMID:28081136

  17. Task Irrelevant External Cues Can Influence Language Selection in Voluntary Object Naming: Evidence from Hindi-English Bilinguals.

    PubMed

    Bhatia, Divya; Prasad, Seema Gorur; Sake, Kaushik; Mishra, Ramesh Kumar

    2017-01-01

    We examined if external cues such as other agents' actions can influence the choice of language during voluntary and cued object naming in bilinguals in three experiments. Hindi-English bilinguals first saw a cartoon waving at a color patch. They were then asked to either name a picture in the language of their choice (voluntary block) or to name in the instructed language (cued block). The colors waved at by the cartoon were also the colors used as language cues (Hindi or English). We compared the influence of the cartoon's choice of color on naming when speakers had to indicate their choice explicitly before naming (Experiment 1) as opposed to when they named directly on seeing the pictures (Experiment 2 and 3). Results showed that participants chose the language indicated by the cartoon greater number of times (Experiment 1 and 3). Speakers also switched significantly to the language primed by the cartoon greater number of times (Experiment 1 and 2). These results suggest that choices leading to voluntary action, as in the case of object naming can be influenced significantly by external non-linguistic cues. Importantly, these symbolic influences can work even when other agents are merely indicating their choices and are not interlocutors in bilingual communication.

  18. Determinants of Second Language Proficiency among Refugees in the Netherlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Tubergen, Frank

    2010-01-01

    Little is known about the language acquisition of refugees in Western countries. This study examines how pre- and post-migration characteristics of refugees are related to their second language proficiency. Data are from a survey of 3,500 refugees, who were born in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, former Yugoslavia and Somalia, and who resided in the…

  19. Analysis of matters associated with the transferring of object-oriented applications to platform .Net using C# programming language

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarsimbayeva, S. M.; Kospanova, K. K.

    2015-11-01

    The article provides the discussion of matters associated with the problems of transferring of object-oriented Windows applications from C++ programming language to .Net platform using C# programming language. C++ has always been considered to be the best language for the software development, but the implicit mistakes that come along with the tool may lead to infinite memory leaks and other errors. The platform .Net and the C#, made by Microsoft, are the solutions to the issues mentioned above. The world economy and production are highly demanding applications developed by C++, but the new language with its stability and transferability to .Net will bring many advantages. An example can be presented using the applications that imitate the work of queuing systems. Authors solved the problem of transferring of an application, imitating seaport works, from C++ to the platform .Net using C# in the scope of Visual Studio.

  20. Language Learning Careers as an Object of Narrative Research in TESOL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Phil

    2011-01-01

    One of the strengths of narrative research in TESOL is its potential to provide insight into long-term language learning experiences that cannot be investigated in real time. Reliance on retrospection, however, brings two problems that are addressed in this article through the concept of "language learning careers". The first problem is…

  1. The TCD Modern Languages Research Project: Objectives, Instruments, and Preliminary Results. CLCS Occasional Paper No. 26.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singleton, David

    A study of the relationship between university-level second language development and previous language and other experience is described. The study, in its early stages at the time of writing, is being conducted at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland, and involves students of French, German, Italian, and Spanish. This report describes the subjects…

  2. 77 FR 65245 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Late Roman and Early...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-25

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Late Roman and Early Byzantine... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Late Roman and... exhibit objects at the The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois from on or about November...

  3. 76 FR 12399 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Paris: Life & Luxury”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-07

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Paris: Life & Luxury'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Paris: Life & Luxury... objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians. I also...

  4. Pre-Service and In-Service Teachers' Experiences of Learning to Program in an Object-Oriented Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Govender, I.; Grayson, D. J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an investigation into the various ways in which pre-service and in-service teachers experience learning to program in an object-oriented language. Both groups of teachers were enrolled in university courses. In most cases, the pre-service teachers were learning to program for the first time, while the in-service…

  5. 75 FR 5637 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Architecture as Icon...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Architecture as Icon: Perception and Representation of Architecture in Byzantine Art'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Architecture...

  6. 78 FR 2478 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ming Masterpieces From...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-11

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ming Masterpieces From the Shanghai Museum'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ming Masterpieces...

  7. 75 FR 37521 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Eton College Myers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-29

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Eton College Myers Collection at Johns Hopkins University'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Eton College...

  8. 78 FR 4972 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chagall: Beyond Color”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chagall: Beyond Color'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chagall: Beyond Color,'' imported from abroad for...

  9. 76 FR 77582 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cindy Sherman”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Cindy Sherman'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Cindy Sherman,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  10. 78 FR 15802 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hans Richter: Encounters”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Hans Richter: Encounters'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Hans Richter: Encounters,'' imported from abroad for...

  11. 77 FR 8943 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rembrandt's Self-Portrait”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Rembrandt's Self-Portrait'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Rembrandt's Self-Portrait,'' imported from abroad for...

  12. 78 FR 5555 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “SHANGAA, Art of Tanzania”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``SHANGAA, Art of Tanzania'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``SHANGAA, Art of Tanzania,'' imported from abroad for...

  13. 77 FR 50542 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2012...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2012: Michele Abeles... objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography 2012: Michele Abeles, Birdhead (Ji Weiyu...

  14. 76 FR 53993 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2011...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2011: Zhang Dali... objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography 2011: Zhang Dali, Moyra Davey, George...

  15. 76 FR 12786 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Poetry in Clay: Korean...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Poetry in Clay: Korean Buncheong... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Poetry in Clay: Korean Buncheong Ceramics from the...

  16. 77 FR 34121 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Lucian Freud: Portraits”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Lucian Freud: Portraits'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Lucian Freud: Portraits,'' imported from abroad by The...

  17. 78 FR 20372 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hall of Ancient Egypt”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Hall of Ancient Egypt'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Hall of Ancient Egypt,'' imported from abroad for...

  18. 75 FR 51518 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ballplayers, Gods, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ballplayers, Gods, and Rainmaker... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ballplayers, Gods, and Rainmaker Kings: Masterpieces...

  19. 78 FR 28939 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Tomoaki Suzuki”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Tomoaki Suzuki'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Tomoaki Suzuki,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  20. 77 FR 60004 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Wtewael's Adam and Eve”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Wtewael's Adam and Eve'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Wtewael's Adam and Eve,'' imported from abroad for...

  1. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cervera Bible”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Cervera Bible'' SUMMARY: Notice is... object to be included in the exhibition ``Cervera Bible,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  2. 75 FR 23318 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “John Baldessari: Pure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``John Baldessari: Pure Beauty... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``John Baldessari: Pure Beauty,'' imported...

  3. 78 FR 48539 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Iran Modern”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Iran Modern'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Iran Modern,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  4. 77 FR 48199 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Bernini: Sculpting in Clay”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Bernini: Sculpting in Clay'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Bernini: Sculpting in Clay,'' imported from abroad...

  5. 78 FR 27276 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Goya's Two Hares”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Goya's Two Hares'' SUMMARY: Notice is... object to be included in the exhibition ``Goya's Two Hares,'' imported from abroad for...

  6. 77 FR 61468 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Balthus: Cats and Girls”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Balthus: Cats and Girls'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Balthus: Cats and Girls,'' imported from abroad for...

  7. 77 FR 56698 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Opera Nobile...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces From Ancient Italy'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces from Ancient Italy,'' imported...

  8. 77 FR 3320 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Renoir, Impressionism...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-23

    ... Exhibition Determinations: ``Renoir, Impressionism, and Full-Length Painting'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Renoir, Impressionism, and Full-Length Painting,''...

  9. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Johan Zoffany RA: Society...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Johan Zoffany RA: Society Observed'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Johan Zoffany RA: Society Observed,'' imported from abroad...

  10. "Can you see me now?" An objective metric for predicting intelligibility of compressed American Sign Language video

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciaramello, Francis M.; Hemami, Sheila S.

    2007-02-01

    For members of the Deaf Community in the United States, current communication tools include TTY/TTD services, video relay services, and text-based communication. With the growth of cellular technology, mobile sign language conversations are becoming a possibility. Proper coding techniques must be employed to compress American Sign Language (ASL) video for low-rate transmission while maintaining the quality of the conversation. In order to evaluate these techniques, an appropriate quality metric is needed. This paper demonstrates that traditional video quality metrics, such as PSNR, fail to predict subjective intelligibility scores. By considering the unique structure of ASL video, an appropriate objective metric is developed. Face and hand segmentation is performed using skin-color detection techniques. The distortions in the face and hand regions are optimally weighted and pooled across all frames to create an objective intelligibility score for a distorted sequence. The objective intelligibility metric performs significantly better than PSNR in terms of correlation with subjective responses.

  11. 78 FR 8682 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Henri Labrouste...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the...

  12. 77 FR 56697 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The English Prize: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``The English Prize: The Capture of the Westmorland, an Episode of the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The English Prize:...

  13. 78 FR 55134 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Iran Modern”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-09

    ... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Iran Modern'' ACTION: Notice..., number 153) of determinations made by the Department of State pertaining to the exhibit ``Iran Modern... in the exhibition ``Iran Modern,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  14. 78 FR 59080 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Delacroix and the Matter...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Delacroix and the Matter of Finish... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Delacroix and the Matter of Finish,''...

  15. 75 FR 39724 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Arcimboldo (1526-1593...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Arcimboldo (1526-1593): Nature and... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Arcimboldo (1526-1593): Nature...

  16. 75 FR 30459 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dynasty and Divinity: Ife...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dynasty and Divinity: Ife Art in... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Dynasty and Divinity: Ife Art...

  17. 77 FR 36329 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dead Sea Scrolls & The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dead Sea Scrolls & The Bible Ancient... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Dead Sea...

  18. 77 FR 60506 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Light and Shadows: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Light and Shadows: The Story of..., 2003), I hereby determine that certain of the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Light...

  19. 76 FR 53524 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Light Years: Conceptual...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Light Years: Conceptual Art and the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Light Years:...

  20. 77 FR 48582 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: Terracotta Bell-Krater...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: Terracotta Bell-Krater Attributed to..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object Terracotta Bell-Krater attributed to the Altamura...

  1. 76 FR 39974 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Warhol: The Headlines”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ..., from on or about September 25, 2011, until on or about January 2, 2012, at The Andy Warhol Museum... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Warhol: The Headlines'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Warhol: The...

  2. 70 FR 3959 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Max Ernst: A Retrospective”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2005-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Max Ernst: A Retrospective'' AGENCY... April 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition, ``Max Ernst:...

  3. 75 FR 57825 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Artifacts From Auschwitz...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Artifacts From Auschwitz-Birkenau... of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition...

  4. 77 FR 12102 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Constable: Oil Sketches...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Constable: Oil Sketches From the V..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Constable: Oil...

  5. 75 FR 53012 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Treasures of Moscow...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... exhibit objects at the Museum of Russian Icons, Clinton, MA, from on or about October 23, 2010, until on... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Treasures of Moscow: Icons From the Andrey Rublev Museum'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to...

  6. 75 FR 13806 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Loan From the Aura...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Loan From the Aura Collection of a... hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Loan from the Aura Collection of...

  7. 78 FR 53817 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Venetian Glass by Carlo...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Venetian Glass by Carlo Scarpa: The... April 15, 2003, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Venetian Glass...

  8. 78 FR 50137 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chagall: Love, War, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chagall: Love, War, and Exile... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chagall: Love, War, and Exile,'' imported...

  9. 75 FR 18252 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Through African Eyes: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Through African Eyes: The European in... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Through African...

  10. 76 FR 56491 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Adapting the Eye: An...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Adapting the Eye: An Archive of the... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Adapting the...

  11. 77 FR 25780 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gold, Jasper, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gold, Jasper, and Carnelian: Johann... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Gold,...

  12. 77 FR 61468 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Matisse: In Search of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Matisse: In Search of True Painting... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Matisse: In Search of True...

  13. 76 FR 53524 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Mirror of the Buddha...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mirror of the Buddha: Early..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Mirror of the...

  14. 75 FR 15764 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gods of Angkor: Bronzes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gods of Angkor: Bronzes From the... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Gods of...

  15. 76 FR 81004 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Woman in Blue, Against...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water'' by Edvard...

  16. 77 FR 56251 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Body Beautiful in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Body Beautiful in Ancient Greece... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Body Beautiful in Ancient...

  17. 77 FR 53959 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dancing Into Dreams, Maya...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dancing Into Dreams, Maya Vases From..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Dancing Into Dreams,...

  18. 77 FR 73511 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Arts of Islamic Lands...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Arts of Islamic Lands: Masterpieces... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Arts of...

  19. Why Are You Learning a Second Language? Motivational Orientations and Self-Determination Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noels, Kimberly A.; Pelletier, Luc G.; Clement, Richard; Vallerand, Robert J.

    2003-01-01

    Examined self-determination theory (SDT) in the language learning context. Involved the development of a valid and reliable instrument to assess different subtypes of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and explored the link between these motivational sub-types and various orientations to language learning. Showed instrumental orientation and the…

  20. CSAMT method for determining depth and shape of a sub-surface conductive object

    DOEpatents

    Lee, David O.; Montoya, Paul C.; Wayland, Jr., J. Robert

    1986-01-01

    The depth to and size of an underground object may be determined by sweeping a CSAMT signal and locating a peak response when the receiver spans the edge of the object. The depth of the object is one quarter wavelength in the subsurface media of the frequency of the peak.

  1. Method for determining depth and shape of a sub-surface conductive object

    DOEpatents

    Lee, D.O.; Montoya, P.C.; Wayland, Jr.

    1984-06-27

    The depth to and size of an underground object may be determined by sweeping a controlled source audio magnetotelluric (CSAMT) signal and locating a peak response when the receiver spans the edge of the object. The depth of the object is one quarter wavelength in the subsurface media of the frequency of the peak. 3 figures.

  2. 76 FR 18292 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Steins Collect...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... exhibition or display of all of these exhibit objects at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San... of six of the objects at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about February 21... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Steins Collect: Matisse,...

  3. Method for determining depth and shape of a sub-surface conductive object

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, D. O.; Montoya, P. C.; Wayland, J. R., Jr.

    1984-06-01

    The depth to and size of an underground object may be determined by sweeping a controlled source audio magnetotelluric (CSAMT) signal and locating a peak response when the receiver spans the edge of the object. The depth of the object is one quarter wavelength in the subsurface media of the frequency of the peak.

  4. 77 FR 67725 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Michelangelo's David Apollo”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Michelangelo's David Apollo'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Michelangelo's David Apollo,'' imported from abroad for... display of the exhibit object at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, from on or about December...

  5. Methods for determination of language dominance: the Wada test and proposed noninvasive alternatives.

    PubMed

    Abou-Khalil, Bassel

    2007-11-01

    The intracarotid amobarbital procedure, also known as the Wada test, helps to lateralize language dominance by deactivating the language cortex with an intracarotid injection of an anesthetic agent. Although it has been the gold standard for determining language dominance for more than four decades, its invasiveness has prompted a search for noninvasive alternatives. Potential replacements have included neuropsychological techniques, measurements of anatomic brain asymmetries, magnetic stimulation for deactivation of language cortex, measurement of the electrical or magnetic neurophysiologic response to language activation, and methods that detect the hemodynamic response to activation of language cortex, namely increased local blood flow or increased local oxygenation. Based on widespread availability and the ability to provide localizing as well as lateralizing information, functional MRI will likely be the most widely used alternative.

  6. On-line processing and comprehension of direct object pronoun sentences in Spanish-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment.

    PubMed

    Girbau, Dolors

    2017-01-01

    Eleven native Spanish-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) (8;3-10;11) and 11 typically developing children (8;7-10;8) received a comprehensive psycholinguistic evaluation. Participants listened to either Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences or filler sentences without any pronoun, and they decided whether a picture on the screen (depicting the antecedent, another noun in the sentence, or an unrelated object) was 'alive'. They answered comprehension questions about pronoun sentences. Children with SLI showed significantly poorer comprehension of DO pronoun sentences when answering comprehension questions than children with Typical Language Development (TLD). This poor pronoun sentence understanding correlated significantly with poor auditory sentence completion, non-word repetition task and expressive vocabulary skills. Children with SLI were significantly slower in the animacy decisions than children with TLD across all pronoun and filler sentence conditions. Both groups exhibited high accuracy in the animacy decisions for any conditions. Clinical implications are discussed.

  7. WORLD Program Description, Goals and Objectives. Vocational English-as-a-Second Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coad, Cynthia

    A vocational English-as-a-Second Language program for limited-English-proficient adults enrolled in North Orange County Community College District courses was developed to meet the needs of this population. The limited-English-speaking population of the district is an immigrant and refugee population with people from a variety of language…

  8. Verbal Inflection, Articles and Object Clitics in Italian Specific Language Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Junyent, Andrea Anahi; Levorato, Maria Chiara; Denes, Gianfranco

    2010-01-01

    Morphosyntactic skills in spontaneous and elicited production of a 7-year-old boy with specific language impairment (SLI) were examined and compared to those of younger, mean length of utterance (MLU)-matched, typically-developing children. This study focused on inflectional phrase structures as well as complex constructions in order to…

  9. The Role of Language in Acquiring Object Kind Concepts in Infancy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Fei

    2002-01-01

    Four experiments investigated whether 9-month-olds could use the presence of labels to help them establish a representation of two distinct objects in a complex object individuation task. Found that the presence of two distinct labels facilitated object individuation, but presence of one label for both objects, two distinct tones, two distinct…

  10. Method for Determining the Weight of Functional Objectives on Manufacturing System

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Qingshan; Xu, Wei; Zhang, Jiekun

    2014-01-01

    We propose a three-dimensional integrated weight determination to solve manufacturing system functional objectives, where consumers are weighted by triangular fuzzy numbers to determine the enterprises. The weights, subjective parts are determined by the expert scoring method, the objective parts are determined by the entropy method with the competitive advantage of determining. Based on the integration of three methods and comprehensive weight, we provide some suggestions for the manufacturing system. This paper provides the numerical example analysis to illustrate the feasibility of this method. PMID:25243203

  11. Method for determining the weight of functional objectives on manufacturing system.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Qingshan; Xu, Wei; Zhang, Jiekun

    2014-01-01

    We propose a three-dimensional integrated weight determination to solve manufacturing system functional objectives, where consumers are weighted by triangular fuzzy numbers to determine the enterprises. The weights, subjective parts are determined by the expert scoring method, the objective parts are determined by the entropy method with the competitive advantage of determining. Based on the integration of three methods and comprehensive weight, we provide some suggestions for the manufacturing system. This paper provides the numerical example analysis to illustrate the feasibility of this method.

  12. 75 FR 21384 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Glory of Ukraine...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Glory of Ukraine: Sacred Images... Ukraine: Sacred Images from the 11th to the 19th Centuries,'' imported from abroad for temporary... be determined, is in the national interest. Public Notice of these Determinations is ordered to...

  13. Method and system for determining a volume of an object from two-dimensional images

    DOEpatents

    Abercrombie, Robert K [Knoxville, TN; Schlicher, Bob G [Portsmouth, NH

    2010-08-10

    The invention provides a method and a computer program stored in a tangible medium for automatically determining a volume of three-dimensional objects represented in two-dimensional images, by acquiring at two least two-dimensional digitized images, by analyzing the two-dimensional images to identify reference points and geometric patterns, by determining distances between the reference points and the component objects utilizing reference data provided for the three-dimensional object, and by calculating a volume for the three-dimensional object.

  14. Determination of the force transmitted by an ion thruster plasma plume to an orbital object

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alpatov, A.; Cichocki, F.; Fokov, A.; Khoroshylov, S.; Merino, M.; Zakrzhevskii, A.

    2016-02-01

    An approach to determine the force transmitted by the plasma plume of an ion thruster to an orbital object immersed in it using its central projection on a selected plane is proposed. A photo camera is used to obtain the image of the object central projection. The algorithms for the calculation of the transmission of momentum by the impacting ion beam are developed including the determination of the object contour and the correction of the error due to a camera offset from the ion beam axis, and the computation of the fraction of the ion beam that impinges on the object surface.

  15. Resting-State Functional MR Imaging for Determining Language Laterality in Intractable Epilepsy.

    PubMed

    DeSalvo, Matthew N; Tanaka, Naoaki; Douw, Linda; Leveroni, Catherine L; Buchbinder, Bradley R; Greve, Douglas N; Stufflebeam, Steven M

    2016-10-01

    Purpose To measure the accuracy of resting-state functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in determining hemispheric language dominance in patients with medically intractable focal epilepsies against the results of an intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP). Materials and Methods This study was approved by the institutional review board, and all subjects gave signed informed consent. Data in 23 patients with medically intractable focal epilepsy were retrospectively analyzed. All 23 patients were candidates for epilepsy surgery and underwent both IAP and resting-state functional MR imaging as part of presurgical evaluation. Language dominance was determined from functional MR imaging data by calculating a laterality index (LI) after using independent component analysis. The accuracy of this method was assessed against that of IAP by using a variety of thresholds. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated by using leave-one-out cross validation. Spatial maps of language components were qualitatively compared among each hemispheric language dominance group. Results Measurement of hemispheric language dominance with resting-state functional MR imaging was highly concordant with IAP results, with up to 96% (22 of 23) accuracy, 96% (22 of 23) sensitivity, and 96% (22 of 23) specificity. Composite language component maps in patients with typical language laterality consistently included classic language areas such as the inferior frontal gyrus, the posterior superior temporal gyrus, and the inferior parietal lobule, while those of patients with atypical language laterality also included non-classical language areas such as the superior and middle frontal gyri, the insula, and the occipital cortex. Conclusion Resting-state functional MR imaging can be used to measure language laterality in patients with medically intractable focal epilepsy. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

  16. Regional and hemispheric determinants of language laterality: implications for preoperative fMRI.

    PubMed

    Seghier, Mohamed L; Kherif, Ferath; Josse, Goulven; Price, Cathy J

    2011-10-01

    Language is typically a function of the left hemisphere but the right hemisphere is also essential in some healthy individuals and patients. This inter-subject variability necessitates the localization of language function, at the individual level, prior to neurosurgical intervention. Such assessments are typically made by comparing left and right hemisphere language function to determine "language lateralization" using clinical tests or fMRI. Here, we show that language function needs to be assessed at the region and hemisphere specific level, because laterality measures can be misleading. Using fMRI data from 82 healthy participants, we investigated the degree to which activation for a semantic word matching task was lateralized in 50 different brain regions and across the entire cortex. This revealed two novel findings. First, the degree to which language is lateralized across brain regions and between subjects was primarily driven by differences in right hemisphere activation rather than differences in left hemisphere activation. Second, we found that healthy subjects who have relatively high left lateralization in the angular gyrus also have relatively low left lateralization in the ventral precentral gyrus. These findings illustrate spatial heterogeneity in language lateralization that is lost when global laterality measures are considered. It is likely that the complex spatial variability we observed in healthy controls is more exaggerated in patients with brain damage. We therefore highlight the importance of investigating within hemisphere regional variations in fMRI activation, prior to neuro-surgical intervention, to determine how each hemisphere and each region contributes to language processing.

  17. Integrating an object system into CLIPS: Language design and implementation issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Auburn, Mark

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes the reasons why an object system with integrated pattern-matching and object-oriented programming facilities is desirable for CLIPS and how it is possible to integrate such a system into CLIPS while maintaining the run-time performance and the low memory usage for which CLIPS is known. The requirements for an object system in CLIPS that includes object-oriented programming and integrated pattern-matching are discussed and various techniques for optimizing the object system and its integration with the pattern-matcher are presented.

  18. 75 FR 48736 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Kurt Schwitters: Color...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Kurt Schwitters: Color and Collage... Schwitters: Color and Collage,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  19. 76 FR 1660 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Art in Cameroon...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Art in Cameroon: Sculptural... ``Art in Cameroon: Sculptural Dialogues,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  20. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold From England's Dark Ages'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold From England's Dark Ages,''...

  1. 76 FR 23642 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Marajo: Ancient Ceramics...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Marajo: Ancient Ceramics at the... ``Marajo: Ancient Ceramics at the Mouth of the Amazon'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  2. 78 FR 68134 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Renaissance to Goya...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Renaissance to Goya: Prints and... ``Renaissance to Goya: Prints and Drawings from Spain,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  3. 76 FR 70805 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Renaissance Portrait...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Renaissance Portrait From... ``The Renaissance Portrait from Donatello to Bellini,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  4. 78 FR 39435 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Magritte: The Mystery of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-01

    ... Exhibition; Determinations: ``Magritte: The Mystery of the Ordinary, 1926-1938'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Magritte: The Mystery of the Ordinary, 1926-1928,''...

  5. 75 FR 62916 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “India's Fabled City: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``India's Fabled City: The Art of... ``India's Fabled City: The Art of Courtly Lucknow,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  6. 75 FR 38589 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvador Dali: The Late...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ... October 19, 1999, as amended, and Delegation of Authority No. 257 of April 15, 2003 , I hereby determine... exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA, from on or about...

  7. 75 FR 25031 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Tiffany: Color and Light”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Tiffany: Color and Light'' SUMMARY... included in the exhibition ``Tiffany: Color and Light,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  8. 77 FR 61045 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “China's Terracotta...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``China's Terracotta Warriors: The... Terracotta Warriors: The First Emperor's Legacy,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  9. 77 FR 54647 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “African Art, New York...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``African Art, New York, and the Avant-Garde'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``African Art, New York, and the Avant- Garde,'' imported...

  10. 68 FR 16852 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Max Beckmann”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2003-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Max Beckmann'' AGENCY: Department of... exhibition, ``Max Beckmann,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  11. 76 FR 53705 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Seductive Luxury and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation... ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation: The Furniture of Abraham and David Roentgen,'' imported from abroad...

  12. 75 FR 28095 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso Looks at Degas”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Picasso Looks at Degas'' SUMMARY... included in the exhibition ``Picasso Looks at Degas,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  13. 76 FR 53524 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Once Upon Many Times...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Once Upon Many Times: Legends and... Times: Legends and Myths in Himalayan Art,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  14. 76 FR 4986 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gentile Bellini: Portrait...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gentile Bellini: Portrait of Caterina... the exhibition ``Gentile Bellini: Portrait of Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus,'' imported...

  15. [Determination of lithium content in human biological objects (liver, kidney) by the method of flame photometry].

    PubMed

    Luzanova, I S; Voznesenskaia, T V; Menitskaia, V I; Pushchinskaia, E V

    2007-01-01

    The authors give a method of determination of the content of lithium in biological objects (liver, kidney) by the method of flame photometry. It is possible to use this method in forensic medicine in cases of acute intoxication.

  16. 77 FR 2340 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Snapshot: Painters and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Snapshot: Painters and Photography... Photography, Bonnard to Vuillard'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  17. 75 FR 8425 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Masterpieces of European...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Masterpieces of European Painting... European Painting from Dulwich Picture Gallery,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  18. 76 FR 65558 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Masterpieces of Landscape...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Masterpieces of Landscape Painting... Landscape Painting from the Forbidden City'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  19. 78 FR 23623 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “American Encounters...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``American Encounters: Genre Painting...: Genre Painting and Everyday Life,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  20. 76 FR 5236 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Upside Down Arctic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Upside Down Arctic Realities... Down Arctic Realities,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  1. 77 FR 23318 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “African Cosmos: Stellar Arts”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``African Cosmos: Stellar Arts... Cosmos: Stellar Arts,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, is...

  2. 75 FR 32980 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ringo Starr's Snare Drum”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ringo Starr's Snare Drum'' SUMMARY... included in the exhibit ``Ringo Starr's Snare Drum,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  3. 76 FR 7893 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Neoclassicism: A Taste...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Neoclassicism: A Taste for the... ``Neoclassicism: A Taste for the Antique,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  4. 76 FR 12786 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Charlotte Salomon: Life...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Charlotte Salomon: Life? Or Theatre... Salomon: Life? Or Theatre?'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  5. 78 FR 8682 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vermeer's Woman in Blue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a... ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a Letter,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  6. 76 FR 42158 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Lyonel Feininger...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Lyonel Feininger: Photographs, 1928...: Photographs: 1928- 1939,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  7. 76 FR 15358 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Before the Pyramids: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Before the Pyramids: The Origins of... ``Before the Pyramids: The Origins of Egyptian Civilization'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  8. 77 FR 52783 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dancing Around the Bride...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dancing Around the Bride: Cage... ``Dancing Around the Bride: Cage, Cunningham, Johns, Rauschenberg, and Duchamp,'' imported from abroad...

  9. 77 FR 53248 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Mantegna to Matisse...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mantegna to Matisse: Master Drawings... Matisse: Master Drawings From The Courtauld Gallery,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  10. 76 FR 49832 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Warhol: The Headlines”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-11

    ... about January 2, 2012, at The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from on or about October 14... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Warhol: The Headlines'' ACTION..., ``Warhol: The Headlines.'' The referenced notice is corrected to add one additional object to be...

  11. 78 FR 27470 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Shaping Power: Luba...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... the exhibit objects at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California, from on or about... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Shaping Power: Luba Masterworks From the Royal Museum for Central Africa'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following...

  12. 77 FR 38374 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Human Beast: German...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ... exhibit objects at The San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA, from on or about July 21, 2012, until on or... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Human Beast: German Expressionism at The San Diego Museum of Art'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following...

  13. 75 FR 21384 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Holocaust”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Holocaust'' SUMMARY: Notice is... included in the exhibition ``The Holocaust,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the... objects in the permanent exhibit of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, from on or...

  14. 76 FR 56865 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Degas and the Nude”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Degas and the Nude'' SUMMARY: Notice... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Degas and the Nude,'' imported from abroad for...

  15. Teaching How to Write Instructional Objectives to Pre-Service Language Teachers through the ABCD Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiliçkaya, Ferit

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the use of the ABCD model as a way to train teachers of English to write clear and specific objectives. It is stated here that most of the instructional objectives written by pre-service teachers are inadequately formulated. With this in mind, pre-service teachers (n = 46) were trained in writing instructional objectives…

  16. Instructional Objectives and Content Outline, English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL). Bulletin No. 275.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frank, Gloria; And Others

    This booklet consists of a list of instructional objectives and a content outline for the beginning and intermediate levels of the Montgomery County (Maryland) public ESL program. The publication was prepared to identify performance objectives and to provide guidelines for teachers and administrators, both for teaching and for forming realistic…

  17. 77 FR 4858 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Byzantium and Islam: Age...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... determinations made by ] the Department of State pertaining to the exhibition ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... Islam: Age of Transition (7th-9th Century),'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  18. 75 FR 53731 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Sheila Hicks: 50 Years”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Sheila Hicks: 50 Years'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the.... 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Sheila Hicks: 50 Years,'' imported from abroad...

  19. Comprehension of Double-Object Constructions by Hard-of-Hearing Subjects. Lektos: Interdisciplinary Working Papers in Language Sciences, Vol. 2., No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholes, Robert J.; And Others

    Human beings who have been forced to acquire language through non-auditory modalities characteristically display an impoverished syntactic system. I.M. Schlessinger (1970) has shown, for example, that users of sign language have difficulty in communicating syntactic relations such as "subject of main verb,""object of the verb," and "indirect…

  20. Teaching Spanish by Being Responsible for Specific Objectives. Stanislaus County Schools Project for the Development of County Wide Articulation in Foreign Language Instruction Through Common Measurement Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Melvin I.

    An introduction to this teaching guide briefly explains the underlying theory of language, identifies behavioral objectives, and offers taxonomies of the four language skills. The major portion of the guide is composed of transcripts of Spanish listening comprehension tests. The tests are designed for use with audiolingual materials (ALM) and…

  1. The Effects of Language Impairment on the Use of Direct Object Pronouns and Verb Inflections in Heritage Spanish Speakers: A Look at Attrition, Incomplete Acquisition and Maintenance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Peggy F.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined object clitic pronouns (OCPs) and verb inflections in twenty-five school-age children with typical development (TD) and twenty children with bilingual language impairment (BLI). MANOVA and ANOVA were used to explore differences according to grade level and language status (TD vs. BLI). Although children with BLI produced higher…

  2. Modular Sequence: English as a Second Language, Methods and Techniques. TTP 001.04 Psychology and Second-Language Teaching: Determining Factors of Success. Teachers Corps Bilingual Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.

    This learning module is designed to provide the prospective second-language teacher with an overview of the social and psychological factors affecting second-language learning and practical classroom application of this knowledge. The specific objectives of the module are to: (a) enable the student to explain the roles of attitude, age, aptitude,…

  3. 77 FR 51843 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Plants of Virtue and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ...On August 14, 2012, notice was published on pages 48582-3 of the Federal Register (volume 77, number 157) of determinations made by the Department of State pertaining to the object ``Plants of Virtue and Rocks by a Stream'' by Shitao. The referenced notice is corrected here to change the name of the exhibition in which that object will appear to ``The Artful Recluse: Painting, Poetry, and......

  4. Subject-Object Asymmetry in the Second Language Acquisition of English Relatives and Embedded Wh-Questions.

    PubMed

    Kang, Hyun-Sook

    2016-12-01

    This study examined subject-object asymmetry and developmental sequence in the second language (L2) acquisition of three types of wh-extraction, i.e., English headed relatives, headless relatives, and embedded wh-questions. Sixty-four L1 Korean learners of English completed an elicited imitation task and a grammaticality judgment task. The learners demonstrated a subject advantage in the headed RCs and headless RCs, but an object advantage in the embedded wh-questions, which suggests that they treat embedded wh-questions differently from headed relatives and headless relatives despite the similarities in surface forms. The learners further demonstrated the order of developing headless RCs followed by embedded wh-questions, and subsequently headed RCs, which supports the primacy of headless relatives as a simple nominal in L2 development.

  5. Innovative Language-Based & Object-Oriented Structured AMR Using Fortran 90 and OpenMP

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Norton, C.; Balsara, D.

    1999-01-01

    Parallel adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) is an important numerical technique that leads to the efficient solution of many physical and engineering problems. In this paper, we describe how AMR programing can be performed in an object-oreinted way using the modern aspects of Fortran 90 combined with the parallelization features of OpenMP.

  6. The Status of Subject-Object Reanalyses in the Language Comprehension Architecture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haupt, Friederike S.; Schlesewsky, Matthias; Roehm, Dietmar; Friederici, Angela D.; Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the hypothesis that grammatical function reanalyses in simple sentences should not be treated as phrase structure revisions, but rather as increased costs in "linking" an argument from a syntactic to a semantic representation. To this end, we investigated whether subject-object reanalyses in German verb-final sentences can be…

  7. Enhancing Problem-Solving Capabilities Using Object-Oriented Programming Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unuakhalu, Mike F.

    2009-01-01

    This study integrated object-oriented programming instruction with transfer training activities in everyday tasks, which might provide a mechanism that can be used for efficient problem solving. Specifically, a Visual BASIC embedded with everyday tasks group was compared to another group exposed to Visual BASIC instruction only. Subjects were 40…

  8. Handedness for grasping objects and pointing and the development of language in 14-month-old infants.

    PubMed

    Esseily, Rana; Jacquet, Anne-Yvonne; Fagard, Jacqueline

    2011-09-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between object-related handedness and handedness for communicative gestures. We observed 22 infants aged 14 months on a baby laterality test consisting of grasping objects in different conditions, on a pointing task with targets placed out of reach at different spatial positions from left to right, and on word understanding and word production. Results show that 77% of infants pointed to the left, middle, and right targets. The majority of infants were right-handed for pointing--except for the far left target--and, to a lesser extent, for grasping objects, but there was no significant relation between the two measures of handedness. The frequency of pointing tended to be related to the number of words understood, and infants right-handed for pointing understood and produced significantly more words than non-right-handed pointers. These results are interpreted as confirming the link between pointing and language development, and as showing that communicative gesture lateralisation is not a mere consequence of object-related handedness, at least during development. Whether lateralised communicative gesture reinforces a pre-existing tendency to use the right hand to interact with objects remains an open question.

  9. 75 FR 41274 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The World of Khubilai...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The World of Khubilai Khan: Chinese... Department of State pertaining to the exhibit ``From Xanadu to Dadu: The World of Khubilai Khan.'' The... exhibit name is now titled, ``The World of Khubilai Khan: Chinese Art in the Yuan Dynasty.'' Pursuant...

  10. 77 FR 7655 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Inventing the Modern...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-13

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Inventing the Modern World: Decorative Arts at the World's Fairs, 1851-1939'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... ``Inventing the Modern World: Decorative Arts at the World's Fairs, 1851-1939'' imported from abroad...

  11. 76 FR 60112 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Byzantium and Islam: Age...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... Islam: Age of Transition (7th-9th Century),'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  12. 77 FR 77178 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Pre-Raphaelites...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Art and...: Victorian Art and Design, 1848-1900,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  13. 78 FR 62354 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-18

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times'' ACTION... exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice was corrected...

  14. 77 FR 64373 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-19

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times,'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times... the exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice...

  15. 78 FR 16565 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times'' ACTION... exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice was corrected...

  16. 78 FR 24462 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-25

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times... the exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice...

  17. 76 FR 36166 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Gabriel von Max: Be...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Gabriel von Max: Be-Tailed Cousins... the exhibition ``Gabriel von Max: Be-Tailed Cousins and Phantasms of the Soul,'' imported from...

  18. 78 FR 6398 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso Black and White”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-30

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Picasso Black and White'' AGENCY... pertaining to the exhibition ``Picasso Black and White.'' The referenced notice is corrected here to include... ``Picasso Black and White,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  19. 75 FR 1680 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition: Determinations: “Giovanni Boldini in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... Paris'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... Paris,'' imported from abroad for temporary ] exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians....

  20. 78 FR 51803 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Charles Marville...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... Paris'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority...: Photographer of Paris,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners...

  1. 78 FR 26682 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hall of Ancient Egypt”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Hall of Ancient Egypt'' AGENCY... pertaining to the exhibition ``Hall of Ancient Egypt.'' The referenced notice is corrected here to include... of Ancient Egypt,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  2. 75 FR 71787 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvator Rosa: Bandits...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ... and Magic'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``Salvator Rosa: Bandits, Wilderness and Magic'', imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the... objects at the Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX, from on or about December 12, 2010, until on or...

  3. 75 FR 27613 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Holocaust (Warsaw...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Holocaust (Warsaw Ghetto... that the documents to be included in the exhibition ``The Holocaust (Warsaw Ghetto),'' imported from... exhibition or display of the documents at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, from on...

  4. 76 FR 18291 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Boris Mikhailov: Case...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Boris Mikhailov: Case History... Mikhailov: Case History,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of... Art, New York, New York, from on or about May 26, 2011, until on or about September 5, 2011, and...

  5. 75 FR 1680 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Roman Art”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Roman Art'' SUMMARY: Notice is... included in the exhibition ``Roman Art,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United... the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about January 2010 until on or about...

  6. Four Scenarios for Determining the Size and Reusability of Learning Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoonenboom, Judith

    2012-01-01

    The best method for determining the size of learning objects (LOs) so as to optimise their reusability has been a topic of debate for years now. Although there appears to be agreement on basic assumptions, developed guidelines and principles are often in conflict. This study shows that this confusion stems from the fact that in the literature,…

  7. 78 FR 79560 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Khirbet el-Maqatir...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Khirbet el-Maqatir: History of a..., ``Khirbet el-Maqatir: History of a Biblical Site,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  8. Cumulative sums for edge determination of a single object in PET and SPECT images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Protonotarios, Nicholas E.; Spyrou, George M.; Kastis, George A.

    2016-08-01

    The issue of edge determination of a single object in reconstructed nuclear medicine images has been examined thoroughly in the past, nevertheless most of the investigation has focused on the concepts of either numerical sinogram differentiation or segmentation. This work aims to develop an automated method for determining the contour of a single convex object in PET and SPECT reconstructed images, which can be used for computing body edges for attenuation correction, as well as for eliminating streak artifacts outside the specific object. This was accomplished by implementing a modified cumulative sums (CUSUM) scheme in the sinogram. Our method can automatically detect the object's boundary in the reconstructed image. This approach has been tested in simulated as well as real phantoms and it performed efficiently for all convex objects. We were able to detect the contour of a single object in the image space, which in turn enabled us to eliminate streak artifacts outside and thus to obtain body edges necessary for attenuation correction.

  9. Determinants of translation ambiguity: A within and cross-language comparison.

    PubMed

    Degani, Tamar; Prior, Anat; Eddington, Chelsea M; Arêas da Luz Fontes, Ana B; Tokowicz, Natasha

    2016-01-01

    Ambiguity in translation is highly prevalent, and has consequences for second-language learning and for bilingual lexical processing. To better understand this phenomenon, the current study compared the determinants of translation ambiguity across four sets of translation norms from English to Spanish, Dutch, German and Hebrew. The number of translations an English word received was correlated across these different languages, and was also correlated with the number of senses the word has in English, demonstrating that translation ambiguity is partially determined by within-language semantic ambiguity. For semantically-ambiguous English words, the probability of the different translations in Spanish and Hebrew was predicted by the meaning-dominance structure in English, beyond the influence of other lexical and semantic factors, for bilinguals translating from their L1, and translating from their L2. These findings are consistent with models postulating direct access to meaning from L2 words for moderately-proficient bilinguals.

  10. Determining the 3-D structure and motion of objects using a scanning laser range sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nandhakumar, N.; Smith, Philip W.

    1993-12-01

    In order for the EVAHR robot to autonomously track and grasp objects, its vision system must be able to determine the 3-D structure and motion of an object from a sequence of sensory images. This task is accomplished by the use of a laser radar range sensor which provides dense range maps of the scene. Unfortunately, the currently available laser radar range cameras use a sequential scanning approach which complicates image analysis. Although many algorithms have been developed for recognizing objects from range images, none are suited for use with single beam, scanning, time-of-flight sensors because all previous algorithms assume instantaneous acquisition of the entire image. This assumption is invalid since the EVAHR robot is equipped with a sequential scanning laser range sensor. If an object is moving while being imaged by the device, the apparent structure of the object can be significantly distorted due to the significant non-zero delay time between sampling each image pixel. If an estimate of the motion of the object can be determined, this distortion can be eliminated; but, this leads to the motion-structure paradox - most existing algorithms for 3-D motion estimation use the structure of objects to parameterize their motions. The goal of this research is to design a rigid-body motion recovery technique which overcomes this limitation. The method being developed is an iterative, linear, feature-based approach which uses the non-zero image acquisition time constraint to accurately recover the motion parameters from the distorted structure of the 3-D range maps. Once the motion parameters are determined, the structural distortion in the range images is corrected.

  11. Objective determination of image end-members in spectral mixture analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tompkins, Stefanie; Mustard, John F.; Pieters, Carle M.; Forsyth, Donald W.

    1993-01-01

    Spectral mixture analysis was shown to be a powerful, multifaceted tool for analysis of multi- and hyper-spectral data. The essence of the first phase of the approach is to determine a set of image end-members that best account for the spectral variance in an image cube within a constrained, linear least squares mixing model. The selection of the image end-member is usually achieved using a priori knowledge and successive trial and error solutions to refine the total number and physical location of the end-members. However, in many situations a more objective method of determining these essential components is desired. The problem of image end-member determination was approached objectively by using the inherent variance of the data. Unlike purely statistical methods such as factor analysis, this approach derives solutions that conform to a physically realistic model.

  12. 76 FR 58074 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Sanja Iveković: Sweet...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Sanja Ivekovi : Sweet Violence... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Sanja Ivekovi : Sweet Violence,''...

  13. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Sanja Iveković: Sweet...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Sanja Ivekovi : Sweet Violence... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Sanja Ivekovi : Sweet Violence,''...

  14. 78 FR 79559 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Miró: The Experience of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mir : The Experience of Seeing... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Mir : The Experience of Seeing,''...

  15. 75 FR 48736 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Miró: The Dutch Interiors”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mir : The Dutch Interiors'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Mir : The Dutch...

  16. 75 FR 74126 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso: Guitars 1912-1914”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Picasso: Guitars 1912-1914'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Picasso: Guitars...

  17. Determining the ROI of an Online English as a Second Language Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathan, Edward P.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the methodology used to determine the return on investment (ROI) of an online English as a Second Language (ESL) program. The online ESL program was implemented in over 20 countries, and the scope of the analysis includes data from all participating countries. A form of ROI analysis had been conducted annually prior to the…

  18. Determinants of subjective and objective burden of informal caregiving of patients with psychotic disorders

    PubMed Central

    Flyckt, Lena; Fatouros-Bergman, Helena; Koernig, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Background: In a previous study, the objective burden of informal caregiving to patients with psychotic disorders amounted to 22 hours/week, and the subjective burden was huge with predominately anxiety and depression as main symptoms. In this study, determinants of the informal caregiving burden are analyzed to find foci for interventions to ease the size of burden. Methods: Patients with psychotic disorders (n = 107) and their informal caregivers (n = 118) were included. They were assessed with a comprehensive battery of rating scales including patient and caregiver characteristics as well as the amount and quality of health-care provision. Results: A multiple linear regression analysis showed that the subjective burden was significantly lower when patients had higher levels of functioning and when the health status of the informal caregivers was good. No significant determinants were found for the objective burden, but an association was found between a higher socioeconomic status of the caregivers and the amount of money provided for the patient. An association was also found between a positive perception of caregiving and more hours spent on caregiving. Conclusion: The functioning level of the patients was the main determinant of the subjective burden of informal care. For the objective burden, no main determinant was found. PMID:25770207

  19. Objective determination of image end-members in spectral mixture analysis of AVIRIS data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tompkins, Stefanie; Mustard, John F.; Pieters, Carle M.; Forsyth, Donald W.

    1993-01-01

    Spectral mixture analysis has been shown to be a powerful, multifaceted tool for analysis of multi- and hyper-spectral data. Applications of AVIRIS data have ranged from mapping soils and bedrock to ecosystem studies. During the first phase of the approach, a set of end-members are selected from an image cube (image end-members) that best account for its spectral variance within a constrained, linear least squares mixing model. These image end-members are usually selected using a priori knowledge and successive trial and error solutions to refine the total number and physical location of the end-members. However, in many situations a more objective method of determining these essential components is desired. We approach the problem of image end-member determination objectively by using the inherent variance of the data. Unlike purely statistical methods such as factor analysis, this approach derives solutions that conform to a physically realistic model.

  20. Vision Algorithms to Determine Shape and Distance for Manipulation of Unmodeled Objects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montes, Leticia; Bowers, David; Lumia, Ron

    1998-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of a robotic system for general use in an unstructured environment. This is illustrated through pick and place of randomly positioned, un-modeled objects. There are many applications for this project, including rock collection for the Mars Surveyor Program. This system is demonstrated with a Puma560 robot, Barrett hand, Cognex vision system, and Cimetrix simulation and control, all running on a PC. The demonstration consists of two processes: vision system and robotics. The vision system determines the size and location of the unknown objects. The robotics part consists of moving the robot to the object, configuring the hand based on the information from the vision system, then performing the pick/place operation. This work enhances and is a part of the Low Cost Virtual Collaborative Environment which provides remote simulation and control of equipment.

  1. The number of objects determines visual working memory capacity allocation for complex items.

    PubMed

    Balaban, Halely; Luria, Roy

    2015-10-01

    The goal of the present study was to examine whether visual working memory (WM) capacity allocation is determined solely by complexity, with the number of objects being redundant, as suggested by flexible resource models. Participants performed the change detection task with random polygons as stimuli, while we monitored the contralateral delay activity (CDA), an electrophysiological marker whose amplitude rises as WM load increases. In Experiment 1, we compared the WM maintenance of one whole polygon to a single half of the polygon, equating the number of items but varying the complexity level. Additionally, we compared the whole polygon to two halves of a polygon, thus roughly equating perceptual complexity but manipulating the number of items. The results suggested that only the number of objects determined WM capacity allocation: the CDA was identical when comparing one whole polygon to one polygon half, even though these conditions differed in complexity. Furthermore, the CDA amplitude was lower in the whole polygon condition relative to the two halves condition, even though both contained roughly the same amount of information. Experiment 2 extended these results by showing that two polygon halves that moved separately but then met and moved together were gradually integrated to consume similar WM capacity as one polygon half. Additionally, in both experiments we found an object benefit in accuracy, corroborating the important role of objects in WM. Our results demonstrate that WM capacity allocation cannot be explained by complexity alone. Instead, it is highly sensitive to objecthood, as suggested by discrete slot models.

  2. Context-sensitive neural responses to conflict resolution: electrophysiological evidence from subject-object ambiguities in language comprehension.

    PubMed

    Schlesewsky, Matthias; Bornkessel, Ina

    2006-07-07

    Reanalysis in language comprehension provides a window on how superficially similar processes of conflict resolution may differ depending on the context in which they are initiated. Thus, previous ERP studies have shown that reanalyses towards object-initial orders in German sentences with dative-active verbs (e.g., folgen, 'to follow') engender N400 effects, while reanalyses with accusative verbs (e.g., besuchen, 'to visit') elicit P600 effects. This difference appears surprising since these two verb classes are both associated with a subject-initial base order. The present paper reports two ERP experiments designed to shed further light on the nature of the conflict resolution processes involved in each case by examining structures in which word order disambiguation is separated from verb class disambiguation. Experiment 1 contrasted dative-active verbs with accusative verbs, while Experiment 2 compared dative-active and dative object-experiencer verbs (which are associated with an object-initial base order). Our results show that the reanalysis pattern for dative-active constructions is context-dependent: when verb class disambiguation precedes word order disambiguation, an N400-P600 pattern results. By contrast, the reanalysis patterns for the other two verb types are context independent: object-experiencer verbs invariably show an N400 and accusative verbs invariably show a P600. We argue that (a) the N400 is a general marker of reanalysis in dative sentences, reflecting an argument reindexation, while (b) the P600 in accusative sentences reflects a structural recomputation. The variable pattern for dative-active sentences reflects the (in)applicability of "good-enough" representations during conflict resolution in garden path sentences.

  3. Using Object-Based Activities and an Online Inquiry Platform to Support Learners' Engagement with Their Heritage Language and Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charitonos, Koula; Charalampidi, Marina; Scanlon, Eileen

    2016-01-01

    Heritage language education is distinct from the field of second language acquisition due to having the concept of identity always at its core (Leeman, Rabin, & Roman-Mendoza, 2012). This paper draws on this concept and presents an action research study focusing on the teaching and learning of Greek as a heritage language in the context of…

  4. [Functional magnetic resonance imaging in the determination of dominant language cerebral area].

    PubMed

    Meneses, Murilo S; Rocha, Samanta F Blattes; Blood, Marcelo R Young; Trentin, Alcides; Benites Filho, Paulo Roberto; Kowacs, Pedro André; Oliveira, Nelson de Andrade; Simão, Cristiane A; Awamura, Yumi; Vítola, Maria L A

    2004-03-01

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a technique for detecting minimal changes in brain perfusion and oxygenation secondary to neuronal activation. Its application in the pre-surgical evaluation of epileptic patients with temporal mesial sclerosis is currently being under investigation in several centers. This study aims to describe an activation paradigm for the evaluation of language and memory functions, as an alternative to the worldwide used Wada test, which is an invasive procedure. In order to propose a paradigm adapted to the Portuguese language, we report our experience in determining the dominant cerebral area for language through fMRI with a verbal fluency task. The results of the fMRI from 19 patients studied in Curitiba in a period of approximately two years were studied. Sixteen of them presented with left hemispheric cerebral language dominance. In five patients, results from fMRI and Wada test could be compared and agreed in localization. Our results reinforce the view that fMRI may become an essential tool for medical practice, perhaps for the determination of eloquent areas in the evaluation of candidates for epilepsy surgery.

  5. Determining the material type of man-made orbiting objects using low-resolution reflectance spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jorgensen, Kira; Africano, John L.; Stansbery, Eugene G.; Kervin, Paul W.; Hamada, Kris M.; Sydney, Paul F.

    2001-12-01

    The purpose of this research is to improve the knowledge of the physical properties of orbital debris, specifically the material type. Combining the use of the fast-tracking United States Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) telescopes with a common astronomical technique, spectroscopy, and NASA resources was a natural step toward determining the material type of orbiting objects remotely. Currently operating at the AFRL Maui Optical Site (AMOS) is a 1.6-meter telescope designed to track fast moving objects like those found in lower Earth orbit (LEO). Using the spectral range of 0.4 - 0.9 microns (4000 - 9000 angstroms), researchers can separate materials into classification ranges. Within the above range, aluminum, paints, plastics, and other metals have different absorption features as well as slopes in their respective spectra. The spectrograph used on this telescope yields a three-angstrom resolution; large enough to see smaller features mentioned and thus determine the material type of the object. The results of the NASA AMOS Spectral Study (NASS) are presented herein.

  6. The role of near-Sun objects in determining the population of Chelyabinsk-type bodies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Emel'yanenko, V.

    2014-07-01

    We have calculated the orbit of the Chelyabinsk object, applying the least-squares method directly to its astrometric positions (Emel'yanenko, Naroenkov, Jenniskens, Popova, 2014). A study of the backward dynamical evolution by integrating equations of motion for particles with orbits from the confidence region has shown that the majority of the Chelyabinsk clones reach the near-Sun state. An analysis of other meteorites with well-determined orbits also demonstrates frequent approaches of these bodies to the Sun in the past. In addition, we have found many observed near-Earth asteroids that had small perihelion distances in the past. In extreme near-Sun cases, asteroids should experience thermal and tidal disintegration. It is interesting to note that examples of such near-Sun objects are probably observed now as 'sunskirting comets'. Some members of the Kracht and Marsden families have been observed in a few apparitions. A detailed investigation of their forward motion shows that these bodies evolve to orbits of typical near-Earth objects. Thus they can generate Chelyabinsk-sized bodies in near-Earth space. We conclude that encounters of small bodies with the Sun play an important role in the production of near-Earth objects.

  7. 78 FR 62935 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “A Loan From the Vatican...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``A Loan From the Vatican Museums... hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``A Loan from the Vatican Museums... temporary exhibition within the United States, is of cultural significance. The object is imported...

  8. 75 FR 54692 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Miró: The Dutch Interiors”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mir : The Dutch Interiors'' ACTION... ''Mir : The Dutch Interiors.'' The reference notice is corrected to accommodate an additional object to... determine that the additional object to be included in the exhibition ``Mir : The Dutch...

  9. An Objective Method for Determining the Generalized Transport. Tensor for Two-Dimensional Eulerian Models.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-15

    sn nt No. Uf 9 0 FAA-EE 80’-32 ( 4 111 ond A& i~ 5. Rrp.,t Date An Objective Method for Determining the Generalized August 15, 1980 Transport.Tensor...viewpoints. Although a complete des- cription would yield the same results, one’s subjective concepts of the trans- port could be considerably different for...filtered set that spans the three-dimensional space. J. Mahlman of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) has devel- oped and tested such a

  10. [Determination of the real size of an object on the fundus of the living eye].

    PubMed

    Littmann, H

    1982-04-01

    A method is described which allows the real diameter of an object on the fundus to be determined by means of a system of curves which are the result of trigonometrical calculations and which give an approximate value; only a photograph of the fundus, a measurement of the ametropia and of the radius of the anterior surface of the cornea are required. The results can be corrected with a second graph, which makes use of the length of the optical axis of the eye.

  11. Determination of object position, vortex shedding frequency and flow velocity using artificial lateral line canals

    PubMed Central

    Bleckmann, Horst

    2011-01-01

    Summary The lateral line system of fish consists of superficial neuromasts, and neuromasts embedded in lateral line canals. Lateral line neuromasts allow fish to sense both minute water motions and pressure gradients, thereby enabling them to detect predators and prey or to recognize and discriminate stationary objects while passing them. With the aid of the lateral line, fish can also sense vortices caused by an upstream object or by undulatory swimming movements of fish. We show here that artificial lateral line canals equipped with optical flow sensors can be used to detect the water motions generated by a stationary vibrating sphere, the vortices caused by an upstream cylinder or the water (air) movements caused by a passing object. The hydrodynamic information retrieved from optical flow sensors can be used to calculate bulk flow velocity and thus the size of the cylinder that shed the vortices. Even a bilateral sensor platform equipped with only one artificial lateral line canal on each side is sufficient to determine the position of an upstream cylinder. PMID:21977440

  12. Mobile Technologies as Boundary Objects in the Hands of Student Teachers of Languages inside and outside the University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gajek, Elzbieta

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the use of mobile devices by students of linguistics, future foreign language teachers, outside the university and in-campus, and their vision of the potential usefulness of such devices for language learning at tertiary level. As various characteristics of mobile devices influence their usability, users select a device to fit…

  13. Setting Learning Objectives in Translation at the Department of Foreign Language Teaching through the Concept of Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eser, Oktay

    2014-01-01

    At the department of foreign language teaching, a variety of courses are offered in order for students to acquire translation competence. The courses are often carried out by translating a text from one language into the other. Learning by experience is an effective approach. However, it is inevitable that there are some aspects that we need to…

  14. Teachers' Conceptions of Motivation and Motivating Practices in Second-Language Learning: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muñoz, Ana; Ramirez, Marta

    2015-01-01

    Based on self-determination theory, we conducted an exploratory study aimed at identifying teachers' beliefs about motivation and motivating practices in second-language teaching at a private language center in Medellin, Colombia. To gather data, 65 teachers were surveyed; from this initial group, 11 were interviewed and observed in class during…

  15. 75 FR 53730 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Richard Hawkins-Third Mind”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind,'' imported...

  16. 75 FR 19668 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “From Xanadu to Dadu: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-15

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``From Xanadu to Dadu: The World of Khubilai Khan'' SUMMARY: Notice... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``From Xanadu to Dadu: The World...

  17. 78 FR 48216 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Heaven and Earth: Art of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-07

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium from Greek Collections'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Heaven and Earth: Art...

  18. Exploring the Determinants of Language Barriers in Health Care (LBHC): Toward a Research Agenda for the Language Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segalowitz, Norman; Kehayia, Eva

    2011-01-01

    There is growing interest in language barriers in health care (LBHC)--interest, that is, in how the quality of health care service delivery might be compromised when patients and health care providers do not share the same first language. This article discusses LBHC as an emerging research area that provides valuable opportunities for researchers…

  19. Tracking Students' Eye-Movements When Reading Learning Objects on Mobile Phones: A Discourse Analysis of Luganda Language Teacher-Trainees' Reflective Observations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kabugo, David; Muyinda, Paul B.; Masagazi, Fred. M.; Mugagga, Anthony M.; Mulumba, Mathias B.

    2016-01-01

    Although eye-tracking technologies such as Tobii-T120/TX and Eye-Tribe are steadily becoming ubiquitous, and while their appropriation in education can aid teachers to collect robust information on how students move their eyes when reading and engaging with different learning objects, many teachers of Luganda language are yet to gain experiences…

  20. Meeting the Objectives of the Curriculum at the First Stage of Basic School by the Child Having Left the Language Immersion Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kukk, Airi; Õun, Tiia

    2014-01-01

    Year after year, the interest in early learning of the state language by non-Estonian children has increased. In Estonia, the course has been directed that non-Estonian learners have to reach functional bilingualism by the time they leave basic school and thus to become competitive in labour and education markets in Estonia. The objective of the…

  1. Determinants of Three-Year Change in Children’s Objectively Measured Sedentary Time

    PubMed Central

    Foley, Louise; Corder, Kirsten; Ekelund, Ulf; van Sluijs, Esther M. F.

    2016-01-01

    Background Sedentary behaviours (SB) are highly prevalent in young people and may be adversely associated with physical and mental health. Understanding of the modifiable determinants of SB is necessary to inform the design of behaviour change interventions but much of the existing research is cross-sectional and focussed upon screen-based behaviours. Purpose To examine the social, psychological and environmental determinants of change in children’s objectively measured sedentary time from age 11 to 14 years. Methods Data are from the second (2008) and third (2011) waves of assessment in the Sport, Physical Activity, and Eating Behaviour: Environmental Determinants in Young People (SPEEDY) study, conducted in the county of Norfolk, United Kingdom. Longitudinal data on accelerometer assessed sedentary time were available for 316 (53.5% female, 11.2±0.3 years at baseline) and 264 children after-school and at the weekend respectively. Information on 14 candidate determinants, including school travel mode and electronic media ownership, was self-reported. Change in the proportion of registered time spent sedentary was used as the outcome variable in cross-classified linear regression models, adjusted for age, sex, body mass index and baseline sedentary time. Simple and multiple models were run and interactions with sex explored. Results Daily sedentary time increased by 30–40 minutes after-school and at the weekend from baseline to follow-up. Participants who travelled to school by cycle exhibited smaller increases in after-school sedentary time (beta; 95%CI for change in % time spent sedentary: -3.3;-6.7,-0.07). No significant determinants of change in weekend sedentary time were identified. Conclusions Time spent sedentary increased during the three-year duration of follow-up but few of the variables examined were significantly associated with changes in sedentary time. Children’s mode of school travel may influence changes in their sedentary time over this

  2. 78 FR 16565 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Le Corbusier: An Atlas of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Le Corbusier: An Atlas of Modern..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Le Corbusier: An Atlas...

  3. 78 FR 58378 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Peru: Kingdoms of the Sun...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Peru: Kingdoms of the Sun and the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Peru: Kingdoms of the...

  4. 76 FR 56492 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Antico: The Golden Age of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Antico: The Golden Age of..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Antico: The Golden Age...

  5. 75 FR 53730 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Roman Mosaic from Lod...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Roman Mosaic from Lod, Israel'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given... hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``The Roman Mosaic from Lod, Israel... that the exhibition or display of the exhibit object at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York,...

  6. 77 FR 56909 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Tokyo 1955-70: A New...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Tokyo 1955-70: A New Avant-Garde... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Tokyo 1955-70: A New Avant-Garde,''...

  7. 76 FR 45646 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “5,000 Years of Chinese...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``5,000 Years of Chinese Jade..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``5,000 Years of...

  8. 75 FR 6249 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Fiery Pool: The Maya and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Fiery Pool: The Maya and the Mythic... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Fiery Pool: The Maya and the...

  9. 78 FR 77771 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Love and Play: A Pair of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Love and Play: A Pair of Paintings by..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Love and Play: A Pair...

  10. 75 FR 38589 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Origins of Writing in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Origins of Writing in the... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Origins of Writing in...

  11. 77 FR 27533 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ends of the Earth: Land...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974''...

  12. 77 FR 319 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Put Your Freedom in the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Put Your Freedom in the Corner, Save... of Authority No. 257 of April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object ``Put Your Freedom in...

  13. 76 FR 42158 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rembrandt and the Face of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Rembrandt and the Face of Jesus... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Rembrandt and the Face of Jesus,''...

  14. 77 FR 15839 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Joan Miró: the Ladder of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Joan Mir : the Ladder of Escape... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Joan Mir : the Ladder of Escape,''...

  15. 78 FR 4585 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Albrecht Dürer: Master...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Albrecht D rer: Master Drawings... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Albrecht D...

  16. 77 FR 52783 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rudolf Nureyev: A Life in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Rudolf Nureyev: A Life in Dance... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Rudolf Nureyev: A Life in Dance''...

  17. 77 FR 64373 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Erotic Gold: The Art and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Erotic Gold: The Art and Life of... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Erotic Gold:...

  18. 77 FR 26599 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Artist in the Garden”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... exhibit objects at The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY, from on or about May 19, 2012, until on or... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Artist in the Garden'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Artist in the Garden'' imported from abroad for...

  19. New knowledge in determining the astronomical orientation of Incas object in Ollantaytambo, Peru

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanzalová, K.; Klokočník, J.; Kostelecký, J.

    2014-06-01

    This paper deals about astronomical orientation of Incas objects in Ollantaytambo, which is located about 35 km southeast from Machu Picchu, about 40 km northwest from Cusco, and lies in the Urubamba valley. Everybody writing about Ollantaytambo, shoud read Protzen (1993). He devoted his monograph to description and interpretation of that locality. Book of Salazar and Salazar (2005) deals, among others, with the orientation of objects in Ollantaytambo with respect to the cardinal direction. Zawaski and Malville (2007) documented astronomical context of major monuments of nine sites in Peru, including Ollantaytambo. We tested astronomical orientation in these places and confirm or disprove hypothesis about purpose of Incas objects. For assessment orientation of objects we used our measurements and also satellite images on Google Earth and digital elevation model from ASTER. The satellite images used to approximate estimation of astronomical orientation. The digital elevation model is useful in the mountains, where we need the really horizon for a calculation of sunset and sunrise on specific days (solstices), which were for Incas people very important. By Incas is very famous that they worshiped the Sun. According to him they determined when to plant and when to harvest the crop. In this paper we focused on Temple of the Sun, also known the Wall of six monoliths. We tested which astronomical phenomenon is connected with this Temple. First, we tested winter solstice sunrise and the rides of the Pleiades for the epochs 2000, 1500 and 1000 A.D. According with our results the Temple isn't connected neither with winter solstice sunrise nor with the Pleiades. Then we tested also winter solstice sunset. We tried to use the line from an observation point near ruins of the Temple of Sun, to west-north, in direction to sunset. The astronomical azimuth from this point was about 5° less then we need. From this results we found, that is possible to find another observation

  20. Method and apparatus for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material in an object

    DOEpatents

    Crane, Thomas W.

    1986-01-01

    The disclosure is directed to an apparatus and method for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material within an object. Neutrons having an energy higher than thermal neutrons are generated and thermalized. The thermal neutrons are detected and counted. The object is placed between the neutron generator and the neutron detector. The reduction in the neutron flux corresponds to the amount of thermal neutron absorbing material in the object. The object is advanced past the neutron generator and neutron detector to obtain neutron flux data for each segment of the object. The object may comprise a space reactor heat pipe and the thermal neutron absorbing material may comprise lithium.

  1. Method and apparatus for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material in an object

    DOEpatents

    Crane, T.W.

    1983-12-21

    The disclosure is directed to an apparatus and method for determining the content and distribution of a thermal neutron absorbing material within an object. Neutrons having an energy higher than thermal neutrons are generated and thermalized. The thermal neutrons are detected and counted. The object is placed between the neutron generator and the neutron detector. The reduction in the neutron flux corresponds to the amount of thermal neutron absorbing material in the object. The object is advanced past the neutron generator and neutron detector to obtain neutron flux data for each segment of the object. The object may comprise a space reactor heat pipe and the thermal neutron absorbing material may comprise lithium.

  2. Orbit determination of trans-Neptunian objects and Centaurs for the prediction of stellar occultations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desmars, J.; Camargo, J. I. B.; Braga-Ribas, F.; Vieira-Martins, R.; Assafin, M.; Vachier, F.; Colas, F.; Ortiz, J. L.; Duffard, R.; Morales, N.; Sicardy, B.; Gomes-Júnior, A. R.; Benedetti-Rossi, G.

    2015-12-01

    Context. The prediction of stellar occultations by trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) and Centaurs is a difficult challenge that requires accuracy both in the occulted star position and in the object ephemeris. Until now, the most used method of prediction, involving dozens of TNOs/Centaurs, has been to consider a constant offset for the right ascension and for the declination with respect to a reference ephemeris, usually the latest public version. This offset is determined as the difference between the most recent observations of the TNO/Centaur and the reference ephemeris. This method can be successfully applied when the offset remains constant with time, i.e. when the orbit is stable enough. In this case, the prediction even holds for occultations that occur several days after the last observations. Aims: This paper presents an alternative method of prediction, based on a new accurate orbit determination procedure, which uses all the available positions of the TNO from the Minor Planet Center database, as well as sets of new astrometric positions from unpublished observations. Methods: Orbits were determined through a numerical integration procedure called NIMA, in which we developed a specific weighting scheme that considers the individual precision of the observation, the number of observations performed during one night by the same observatory, and the presence of systematic errors in the positions. Results: The NIMA method was applied to 51 selected TNOs and Centaurs. For this purpose, we performed about 2900 new observations in several observatories (European South Observatory, Observatório Pico dos Dias, Pic du Midi, etc.) during the 2007-2014 period. Using NIMA, we succeed in predicting the stellar occultations of 10 TNOs and 3 Centaurs between July 2013 and February 2015. By comparing the NIMA and Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) ephemerides, we highlight the variation in the offset between them with time, by showing that, generally, the constant offset

  3. Mother-tongue training in school as a determinant of global language proficiency: A Belgian case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danesi, Marcel

    1988-12-01

    Experimental models of education that incorporate the mother tongue of immigrant children into the structure of their curricula constitute obvious cases-in-point for assessing the validity of bilingual or multilingual education for such children. The present case study of one such model, the so-called `Foyer Bicultural Education Project' of Brussels, is intended to shed some light on the relationship between formal mother-tongue training and the development of global language proficiency in minority-language children. Since this particular case-in-point involves three languages — Italian (the mother tongue), Flemish and French — it is especially interesting with regard to the validity of the so-called `interdependence principle', as formulated by Cummins (1979). The findings presented here confirm Cummins' principle that the development of literacy in the mother tongue is a determinant of global language proficiency in minority-language children.

  4. 76 FR 40419 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Prints and the Pursuit of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Prints and the Pursuit of Knowledge... the exhibition ``Prints and the Pursuit of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe,'' imported from...

  5. 77 FR 59701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Florence at the Dawn of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Florence at the Dawn of Renaissance... at the Dawn of Renaissance: Painting and Illumination,'' imported from abroad for...

  6. 77 FR 42790 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Last Days of Pompeii...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Last Days of Pompeii: Decadence... ``The Last Days of Pompeii: Decadence, Apocalypse, Resurrection,'' imported from abroad for...

  7. 78 FR 38430 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Of Heaven and Earth: 500...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Of Heaven and Earth: 500 Years of... Earth: 500 Years of Italian Painting from Glasgow Museums,'' imported from abroad for...

  8. 77 FR 24554 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Quay Brothers: On...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-24

    ... Pharmacist's Prescription for Lip-Reading Puppets'' AGENCY: State Department. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Quay Brothers: On Deciphering the Pharmacist's Prescription...

  9. 77 FR 8943 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dawn of Egyptian Art”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dawn of Egyptian Art'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Dawn of Egyptian Art,'' imported from abroad for...

  10. 76 FR 65559 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Mummy: Secrets of the Tomb”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Mummy: Secrets of the Tomb'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Mummy: Secrets of the Tomb'' imported from abroad for...

  11. 77 FR 31421 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Portrait of Helena de Kay”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Portrait of Helena de Kay'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Portrait of Helena de Kay,'' imported from abroad for...

  12. 75 FR 13805 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Race to the End of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Race to the End of the Earth... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Race to the End of the Earth,'' imported...

  13. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Diego Rivera: Murals for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Diego Rivera: Murals for The Museum of Modern Art,'' imported... that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, from...] [FR Doc No: 2011-26518] DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice: 7646] Culturally Significant...

  14. Determining the Drag Coefficient of Rotational Symmetric Objects Falling through Liquids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houari, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    I will propose here a kinematic approach for measuring the drag coefficient of rotational symmetric objects falling through liquids. For this, I will show that one can obtain a measurement of the drag coefficient of a rotational symmetric object by numerically solving the equation of motion describing its fall through a known liquid contained in a…

  15. 75 FR 51518 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso: Masterpieces...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ... National Picasso, Paris'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... agreement with the foreign owner or custodian. I also determine that the exhibition or display of...

  16. 78 FR 50137 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determination: “Heaven and Earth: Art of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determination: ``Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium... determinations made by the Department of State pertaining to the exhibition ``Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium... ``Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium from Greek Collections,'' at the Art Institute of Chicago,...

  17. 76 FR 71616 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Steins Collect...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-18

    ..., and the Parisian Avant-Garde'' Exhibition ACTION: Notice, correction. SUMMARY: On April 1, 2011..., and the Parisian Avant-Garde.'' The referenced notice is corrected as to the number of objects...

  18. Microwave determination of location and speed of an object inside a pipe

    DOEpatents

    Sinha, Dipen N.

    2010-12-14

    Apparatus and method are described for measuring the location and speed of an object, such as instrumentation on a movable platform, disposed within a pipe, using continuous-wave, amplitude-modulated microwave radiation.

  19. On peculiarities of the method for determining the probability of lightning striking terrestrial explosive objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gundareva, S. V.; Kalugina, I. E.; Temnikov, A. G.

    2016-10-01

    We have described a new probabilistic method for calculating and assessing lightning striking terrestrial explosive objects using a combined criterion for the emergence of upward streamer and leader discharges from the elements of the object being protected and lightning rods taking into account the probabilistic nature of the avalanche-streamer and streamer-leader transitions, the trajectories of a downward stepped lightning leader and lightning current. It has been shown that the disregard of possible formation of uncompleted streamer discharges from the elements of the object in the electric field of a downward lightning leader, which can ignite explosive emission, decreases the rated probability of the object being damaged by a lightning stroke by several times.

  20. 75 FR 45195 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Literary Lives: Portraits...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ... States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the... the McMullen Museum of Art, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, from on or about September...

  1. Measures for Determining English Language Proficiency and the Resulting Implications for Instructional Provision and Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albers, Craig A.; Kenyon, Dorry M.; Boals, Timothy J.

    2009-01-01

    Although numerous English language proficiency (ELP) measures currently exist, many were developed prior to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). These pre-NCLB measures typically focused on social language proficiency, whereas post-NCLB measures are linked to ELP standards and focus on academic language proficiency (ALP). ELP measures are…

  2. 78 FR 55772 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “American Adversaries...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-11

    ... Copley in a Transatlantic World'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... Adversaries: West and Copley in a Transatlantic World,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  3. 78 FR 56980 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Francesco Vanni: Art in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-16

    ... Renaissance Siena'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... Late Renaissance Siena,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  4. 76 FR 2438 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Kings, Queens, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ... Early Renaissance France'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to... the exhibition ``Kings, Queens, and Courtiers: Art in Early Renaissance France'' imported from...

  5. 75 FR 60490 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Haremhab, The General Who...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-30

    ... King'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``Haremhab, The General Who Became King,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  6. 77 FR 54647 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Manet: Portraying Life”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Manet: Portraying Life'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the... exhibition ``Manet: Portraying Life,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  7. 78 FR 43960 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dante Ferretti: Design...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-22

    ... Construction for Cinema'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... ``Dante Ferretti: Design and Construction for Cinema,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  8. 77 FR 34121 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Revealing the African...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ... Renaissance Europe'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Presence in Renaissance Europe'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  9. 75 FR 53013 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Treasures of Heaven...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ..., and Devotion in Medieval Europe'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the exhibition ``Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics, and Devotion in Medieval Europe,'' imported...

  10. 77 FR 15839 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Making a Presence: F...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... Artistic Photography'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the.... Holland Day in Artistic Photography,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  11. 78 FR 77772 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “A Royal Passion: Queen...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... Photography'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``A Royal Passion: Queen Victoria and Photography,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  12. 76 FR 28121 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “National Geographic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ... Earth'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``National Geographic Treasures of the Earth'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  13. 75 FR 47337 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “German Impressionist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... Painting: Liebermann-- Corinth--Slevogt'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the exhibition ``German Impressionist Landscape Painting: Liebermann--Corinth--Slevogt,''...

  14. 75 FR 47338 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Nepalese Legacy in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... Painting'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``The Nepalese Legacy in Tibetan Painting,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  15. 78 FR 52996 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Face to Face: Flanders...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ..., and Renaissance Painting'' Exhibition SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations...: Flanders, Florence, and Renaissance Painting,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  16. 78 FR 55772 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Beauty Revealed: Images of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-11

    ... Qing Dynasty Chinese Painting'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations...: Images of Women in Qing Dynasty Chinese Painting,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  17. 75 FR 52385 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Paintings From the Reign...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-25

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Paintings From the Reign of Victoria: The Royal Holloway..., ``Paintings from the Reign of Victoria: The Royal Holloway Collection, London'' would leave the United...

  18. 78 FR 5556 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Frida & Diego: Passion...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... Painting'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority..., Politics and Painting,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  19. 76 FR 44977 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “De Kooning: A Retrospective”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... Exhibition Determinations: ``De Kooning: A Retrospective'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... exhibition ``De Kooning: A Retrospective,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  20. 77 FR 7229 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Nomads and Networks: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ... and Culture of Kazakhstan'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant... Networks: The Ancient Art and Culture of Kazakhstan,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  1. 77 FR 37730 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Nomads and Networks: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-22

    ... and Culture of Kazakhstan'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant... Networks: The Ancient Art and Culture of Kazakhstan,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  2. 76 FR 77299 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Civic Pride: Group...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ... Amsterdam'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... Portraits from Amsterdam,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  3. 75 FR 9013 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vienna Circa 1780: An...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-26

    ... Silver Service Rediscovered'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant...: An Imperial Silver Service Rediscovered,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  4. 77 FR 73731 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Masterpieces of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-11

    ... Korea'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... Joseon Dynasty from the National Museum of Korea,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  5. 75 FR 43225 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Holocaust-Uniforms...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ..., and Shoes'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``The Holocaust--Uniforms, Canisters, and Shoes,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  6. 76 FR 4987 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Treasures From the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-27

    ...'s Crown Jewels'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... ``Treasures from the Hermitage: Russia's Crown Jewels,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  7. 76 FR 27742 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Picasso: Masterpieces...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ... National Picasso, Paris'' Summary: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... ``Picasso: Masterpieces from the Mus e National Picasso, Paris,'' imported from abroad for temporary... loan agreement with the foreign owner or custodian. I also determine that the exhibition or display...

  8. 78 FR 62326 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Toulouse-Lautrec and La...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-16

    ...: Paris 1880- 1910'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... the exhibition ``Toulouse-Lautrec and La Vie Moderne: Paris 1880-1910,'' imported from abroad for... pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians. I also determine that the exhibition...

  9. Sensor Placement Design for Object Pose Determination with Three Light- Stripe Range Finders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-10

    uncertainties in polyhedral object recognition. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, 7(3):361-371, June 1991. [6] R. E. Ellis. Planning...cell with multi-sensor capabilities. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, 5(6):765- 783, December 1989. [151 K. Ikeuchi and T. Kanade. Modeling

  10. 75 FR 45194 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Drawing from Nature...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ... Max Liebermann, Lovis Corinth, and Max Slevogt'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Drawing from Nature: Landscapes by Max Liebermann, Lovis Corinth, and Max Slevogt,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  11. Science 101: Do Balances and Scales Determine an Object's Mass or Its Weight?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, William C.

    2008-01-01

    The typical elementary-school explanation of the difference between mass and weight goes something like the following: Mass is the amount of matter contained in an object. If you travel to the Moon, another planet, or anywhere far away from Earth, your mass doesn't change. Weight is how hard Earth pulls on you. When you travel to the Moon or…

  12. 75 FR 22172 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vatican Splendors”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-27

    ... objects at the Missouri History Museum, Saint Louis, Missouri, from on or about May 15, 2010, until on or about September 12, 2010, the Senator John Heinz History Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from on or about October 2, 2010, until on or about January 9, 2011, the Museum of Art, Nova...

  13. 77 FR 74048 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Connecting Collections...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ... Connections. 50 Years of Pre-Columbian Art at Dumbarton Oaks'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the... exhibition ``Connecting Collections: Collecting Connections. 50 Years of Pre-Columbian Art at Dumbarton Oaks... that the exhibition or display of the exhibit object at Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC, from on...

  14. Determining Areas of Weakness in Introductory Programming as a Foundation for Reusable Learning Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costelloe, Eileen; Sherry, Elisabeth; Magee, Patricia

    2007-01-01

    Teaching programming to novices has proved challenging for both learner and lecturer due to the abstraction and complexity of the subject matter. The work described in this paper is part of an EU funded Minerva project called TUPULO (Teaching Undergraduate Programming Using Learning Objects) which aims to address the challenges faced by novice…

  15. The Nature of Experience Determines Object Representations in the Visual System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Yetta K.; Folstein, Jonathan R.; Gauthier, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    Visual perceptual learning (PL) and perceptual expertise (PE) traditionally lead to different training effects and recruit different brain areas, but reasons for these differences are largely unknown. Here, we tested how the learning history influences visual object representations. Two groups were trained with tasks typically used in PL or PE…

  16. 78 FR 61871 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “focus: Monika Baer” and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-04

    ... the Williams College Museum of Art,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with foreign...; the Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, MA, from on or about February 22, 2014, until on...

  17. 75 FR 54691 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Vorticists: Rebel...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... London and New York, 1914-18'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant... the exhibition ``The Vorticists: Rebel Artists in London and New York, 1914-18,'' imported from...

  18. 75 FR 7536 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-19

    ... Changed the World'' Summary: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Changed the World,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  19. 76 FR 59767 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Contested Visions in the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-27

    ... Colonial World'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... Spanish Colonial World'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  20. 78 FR 71022 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Christopher Williams: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ... Line of Happiness'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Product Line of Happiness,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  1. 75 FR 7536 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hendrick Avercamp (1585...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-19

    ... Little Ice Age'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Little Ice Age,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of...

  2. 78 FR 51803 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vasily Kandinsky: From...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... to the Bauhaus, 1910-1925'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant...: From Blaue Reiter to the Bauhaus, 1910-1925,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  3. 76 FR 5236 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Pastel Portraits: Images...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ...-Century Europe'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... ``Pastel Portraits: Images of 18th-Century Europe,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  4. 75 FR 53013 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chaos and Classicism: Art...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ..., Italy, and Germany, 1918-1936'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the exhibition ``Chaos and Classicism: Art in France, Italy, and Germany, 1918-1936,'' imported...

  5. 76 FR 6650 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Birth of the Modern...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... Identity in Vienna 1900'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... ``Birth of the Modern: Style and Identity in Vienna 1900,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  6. 77 FR 10599 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Elegance and Refinement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ...-Life Paintings of Willem van Aelst'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the exhibition ``Elegance and Refinement: The Still-Life Paintings of Willem van Aelst,''...

  7. 77 FR 57637 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Place of Provenance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-18

    ... Styles in Tibetan Painting'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to... the exhibition ``The Place of Provenance--Regional Styles in Tibetan Painting,'' imported from...

  8. 75 FR 3272 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Sacred Made Real...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ... Painting and Sculpture 1600-1700'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... Real: Spanish Painting and Sculpture 1600-1700,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  9. 77 FR 62311 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Royal Treasures From the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-12

    ...- Antoinette'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... Louvre: Louis XIV to Marie-Antoinette'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  10. 77 FR 6621 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Rylands Haggadah...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-08

    ... Jewish Art in Context'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the...: Medieval Jewish Art in Context,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  11. 77 FR 46146 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Shock of the News”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-02

    ... Exhibition Determinations: ``Shock of the News'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... exhibition ``Shock of the News,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  12. 78 FR 60994 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “In Grand Style...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-02

    ... Korean Art During the Joseon Dynasty'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations...: Celebrations in Korean Art during the Joseon Dynasty,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  13. 78 FR 33465 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Interwoven Globe: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-04

    ... Textile Trade, 1500- 1800'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to...: The Worldwide Textile Trade, 1500-1800,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  14. 78 FR 18664 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Diaghilev and the Ballets...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ..., 1909-1929: When Art Danced With Music'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the Ballets Russes, 1909- 1929: When Art Danced with Music,'' imported from abroad for...

  15. 77 FR 56697 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Steve McQueen”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-13

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Steve McQueen'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following... exhibition ``Steve McQueen,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, is...

  16. 78 FR 3067 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Looking East: Rubens's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-15

    ... With Asia'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... Encounter with Asia,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  17. Constrained Objects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-11-28

    degrees of freedom. Within each object, the programmer’s job is to manage the degrees of freedom in the object by adding subobjects and constraints...other constraint satisfiction mechanisms such as propagation of values. However, Siri recomputes the state of an object by solving a combination of...languages need not be as complicated as they are; a small number of powerful constructs can do the job just as well, and perhaps more elegantly. 154

  18. Small Schools Reading Curriculum, 7-8: Reading, Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies. Scope, Objectives, Activities, Resources, Monitoring Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartl, David, Ed.; And Others

    Designed to assist teachers in small schools with the improvement of curriculum and instruction and to help smaller districts which do not have curriculum personnel to comply with Washington's Student Learning Objectives (SLO) Law, this guide contains reading curriculum materials for grades 7 and 8. The objectives listed are correlated to the…

  19. Small Schools Reading Curriculum, K-3: Reading, Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies. Scope, Objectives, Activities, Resources, Monitoring Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartl, David, Ed.; And Others

    Designed to assist teachers in small schools with the improvement of curriculum and instruction and to help smaller districts which do not have curriculum personnel to comply with Washington's Student Learning Objectives (SLO) Law, this guide contains reading curriculum materials for grades K-3. The objectives listed are correlated to the Goals…

  20. Small Schools Reading Curriculum, 4-6: Reading, Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies. Scope, Objectives, Activities, Resources, Monitoring Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartl, David, Ed.; And Others

    Designed to assist teachers in small schools with the improvement of curriculum and instruction and to help smaller districts which do not have curriculum personnel to comply with Washington's Student Learning Objectives (SLO) Law, this guide contains reading curriculum materials for grades 4-6. The objectives listed are correlated to the Goals…

  1. Use of ground-based telescopes in determining the composition of the surfaces of solar system objects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mccord, T. B.; Adams, J. B.

    1977-01-01

    Recent evidence suggests that the way that the surfaces of the solar system objects reflect solar radiation is controlled by the composition and mineralogy of the surface materials. The way sunlight is reflected from the surface as a function of wavelength, i.e., the spectral reflectance, is the most important property. Laboratory efforts to use ground-based optical telescope measurements to determine the composition of the surfaces of the solar system objects are reviewed.

  2. 75 FR 21385 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cleopatra: The Search for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-23

    ... Queen of Egypt'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Queen of Egypt,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of... of Art, Fort Lauderdale, FL, from on or about January 1, 2013, until on or about May 31, 2013; and...

  3. 76 FR 33398 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations; “Lyonel Feininger: At the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-08

    ... World'' Summary: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of... ``Lyonel Feininger: At the Edge of the World,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  4. A MODEL FOR THE DETERMINATION OF SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS UNDER SPECIFIED OBJECTIVES AND CONSTRAINTS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'BRIEN, RICHARD J.

    THIS TECHNICAL NOTE, ONE OF A SERIES PUBLISHED ON THE URBAN EDUCATION MODEL, PRESENTS A MODEL FOR DETERMINING REQUIRED SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS WHEN RESTRICTIONS HAVE BEEN PLACED ON THE RACIAL AND/OR SOCIAL COMPOSITION OF EACH SCHOOL PLANT. THESE ATTENDANCE AREAS ARE GENERATED IN A MANNER INSURING THE ASSIGNMENT OF STUDENTS WHICH MINIMIZES THE…

  5. 77 FR 53959 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Roads of Arabia...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-04

    ... History of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations...: Archaeology and the History of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition... about November 17, 2012, until on or about February 24, 2013; the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston...

  6. General and Specific Effects of Lexicon in Grammar: Determiner and Object Pronoun Omissions in Child Spanish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez-Leroux, Ana Teresa; Castilla-Earls, Anny Patricia; Brunner, Jerry

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study explores the hypothesis that vocabulary growth can have 2 types of effects in morphosyntactic development. One is a general effect, where vocabulary growth globally determines utterance complexity, defined in terms of sentence length and rates of subordination. There are also specific effects, where vocabulary size has a…

  7. 75 FR 57825 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ancient Chinese Bronzes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the... (telephone: 202- 632-6469). The mailing address is U.S. Department of State, SA-5, L/PD, Fifth Floor...

  8. 78 FR 32000 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Before and After the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-28

    ...: Anishinaabe Artists of the Great Lakes'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the Horizon: Anishinaabe Artists of the Great Lakes,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition... 3, 2013, until on or about June 15, 2014, and at possible additional exhibitions or venues yet to...

  9. Experimental results supporting the determination of service quality objectives for DBS systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chouinard, G.; Whyte, W. A., Jr.; Goldberg, A. A.; Jones, B. L.

    1985-01-01

    A summary of the results of a joint United States and Canadian program on subjective measurements of the picture degradation caused by noise and interference on an NTSC encoded color television signal is given in this paper. The effects of system noise, cochannel and adjacent channel interference, and both single entry and aggregate as well as a combination of these types of interference were subjectively evaluated by expert and nonexpert viewers under reference conditions. These results were used to develop the rationale used at RARC '83 to establish the service quality objective for planning the DBS service for the American continents.

  10. Error determination of a successive correction type objective analysis scheme. [for surface meteorological data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, D. R.; Leslie, F. W.

    1984-01-01

    The Purdue Regional Objective Analysis of the Mesoscale (PROAM) is a successive correction type scheme for the analysis of surface meteorological data. The scheme is subjected to a series of experiments to evaluate its performance under a variety of analysis conditions. The tests include use of a known analytic temperature distribution to quantify error bounds for the scheme. Similar experiments were conducted using actual atmospheric data. Results indicate that the multiple pass technique increases the accuracy of the analysis. Furthermore, the tests suggest appropriate values for the analysis parameters in resolving disturbances for the data set used in this investigation.

  11. Agile supply chain capabilities: emerging patterns as a determinant of competitive objectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yusuf, Yahaya Y.; Adeleye, E. O.; Sivayoganathan, K.

    2001-10-01

    Turbulent change caused by factors such as changing customer and technological requirements threatens manufacturers through lower product life cycles, profits and bleak survival prospects. Therefore, several companies are stressing flexibility and agility in order to respond, real time, to the unique needs of customers and markets. However, the resource competencies required are often difficult to mobilise and retain by single companies. It is therefore imperative for companies to co-operate and leverage complementary competencies. To this end, legally separate and spatially distributed companies are becoming integrated through Internet-based technologies. The paper reviews emerging patterns in supply chain integration. It also explores the relationship between the emerging patterns and attainment of competitive objectives. The results reported in the paper are based on data from a survey by questionnaire. The survey involved 600 companies in the UK, as part of a larger study of agile manufacturing. The study was driven by a conceptual model, which relates supply chain practices to competitive objectives. The analysis involves the use of factor analysis to reduce research variables to a few principal components. Subsequently, multiple regression was conducted to study the relationship amongst the reduced variables. The results validate the proposed conceptual model and lend credence to current thinking that supply chain integration is a vital tool for competitive advantage.

  12. The Development of a Diagnostic Test for Determining Secondary Students' Knowledge and Understanding of Certain Basic Language Concepts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, Coleen Rawson

    Problems encountered in evaluating the effectiveness of an English elective program indicated the need for the development of a criterion-referenced diagnostic test for determining students' knowledge and understanding of certain basic language concepts in the field of English. A survey of 76 English elective programs throughout the United States…

  13. Assessment Practices of Multi-Disciplinary School Team Members in Determining Special Education Services for English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadowski, Garrett; O'Neill, Rob; Bermingham, Doug

    2014-01-01

    Multidisciplinary team members were surveyed to identify the frequency with which they use recommended assessment practices, how they interpret assessment information, and their confidence working with English Language Learners (ELLs) for the purpose of determining possible eligibility to receive special education services. Results of this study…

  14. Nontraditional method for determining unperturbed orbits of unknown space objects using incomplete optical observational data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perov, N. I.

    1985-02-01

    A physical-geometrical method for computing the orbits of earth satellites on the basis of an inadequate number of angular observations (N3) was developed. Specifically, a new method has been developed for calculating the elements of Keplerian orbits of unidentified artificial satellites using two angular observations (alpha sub k, S sub k, k = 1). The first section gives procedures for determining the topocentric distance to AES on the basis of one optical observation. This is followed by description of a very simple method for determining unperturbed orbits using two satellite position vectors and a time interval which is applicable even in the case of antiparallel AED position vectors, a method designated the R sub 2 iterations method.

  15. 77 FR 48582 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Plants of Virtue and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965, Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998, Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000 (and, as appropriate, Delegation of Authority No. 257 of......

  16. 78 FR 71022 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Piero della Francesca...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No.......

  17. 77 FR 71472 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: A Hellenistic “Herakles...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-30

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No.......

  18. 76 FR 30228 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Portrait of a Man”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No.......

  19. 75 FR 43225 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Man, Myth, and Sensual...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No.......

  20. 76 FR 77582 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Beauty and Belief...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No.......

  1. 78 FR 71021 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Antonio Canova: The Seven...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No.......

  2. Automated objective determination of percentage of malignant nuclei for mutation testing.

    PubMed

    Viray, Hollis; Coulter, Madeline; Li, Kevin; Lane, Kristin; Madan, Aruna; Mitchell, Kisha; Schalper, Kurt; Hoyt, Clifford; Rimm, David L

    2014-01-01

    Detection of DNA mutations in tumor tissue can be a critical companion diagnostic test before prescription of a targeted therapy. Each method for detection of these mutations is associated with an analytic sensitivity that is a function of the percentage of tumor cells present in the specimen. Currently, tumor cell percentage is visually estimated resulting in an ordinal and highly variant result for a biologically continuous variable. We proposed that this aspect of DNA mutation testing could be standardized by developing a computer algorithm capable of accurately determining the percentage of malignant nuclei in an image of a hematoxylin and eosin-stained tissue. Using inForm software, we developed an algorithm, to calculate the percentage of malignant cells in histologic specimens of colon adenocarcinoma. A criterion standard was established by manually counting malignant and benign nuclei. Three pathologists also estimated the percentage of malignant nuclei in each image. Algorithm #9 had a median deviation from the criterion standard of 5.4% on the training set and 6.2% on the validation set. Compared with pathologist estimation, Algorithm #9 showed a similar ability to determine percentage of malignant nuclei. This method represents a potential future tool to assist in determining the percent of malignant nuclei present in a tissue section. Further validation of this algorithm or an improved algorithm may have value to more accurately assess percentage of malignant cells for companion diagnostic mutation testing.

  3. New objective criterion for determining, noninvasively, the healing potential of an ischemic ulcer

    SciTech Connect

    Siegel, M.E.; Stewart, C.A.; Wagner, W.; Sakimura, I.

    1981-02-01

    Peripheral vascular perfusion studies using intravenously administered thallium-201 were performed on 13 patients suffering from ischemic ulcer of the lower extermities. Scintillation camera views and point counting over the lesion and adjacent region were utilized to define qualitatively and quantitatively the relative hyperemia of the lesion. The preliminary findings demonstrate that when the relative hyperemia was equal to or greater than 1.5, 100% (seven of seven) went on to heal their ulcer with conservative management. Of those without this degree of hyperemia, 83% (five of six) will require amputation. Based on this limited series, noninvasive assessment of the relative hyperemia of an ischemic ulcer using thallium-201 is a new, useful, and objective indicator of the healing potential of a so-called ischemic ulcer.

  4. 76 FR 39974 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Titian's Woman in a Blue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Titian's Woman in a Blue Dress `La... ``Titian's Woman in a Blue Dress `La Bella','' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the..., Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Department of State. BILLING CODE 4710-05-P...

  5. 78 FR 61981 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ink Art: The Past as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ink Art: The Past as Present in... ``Ink Art: The Past as Present in Contemporary China,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  6. 76 FR 51458 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Wonder of the Age: Master...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Wonder of the Age: Master Painters... Age: Master Painters of India, 1100-1900,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  7. 77 FR 2341 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Cult of Beauty: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Cult of Beauty: The Victorian... Beauty: The Victorian Avant- Garde, 1860-1900,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  8. 77 FR 43644 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Byzantine Art in the Mary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-25

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Byzantine Art in the Mary and Michael Jaharis Galleries of Greek, Roman and Byzantine Art'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the... exhibition ``Byzantine Art in the Mary and Michael Jaharis Galleries of Greek, Roman and Byzantine...

  9. 75 FR 80885 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rooms With a View: The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... in the 19th Century'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to... the exhibition ``Rooms with a View: The Open Window in the 19th Century,'' imported from abroad for... display of the exhibit objects at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York, from on or...

  10. 76 FR 73759 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ancient Egypt-Art and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ancient Egypt--Art and Magic: Treasures From the Foundation Gandur pour L'Art, Geneva, Switzerland'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of... included in the exhibition ``Ancient Egypt--Art and Magic: Treasures from the Foundation Gandur pour...

  11. 77 FR 57637 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “City of Gold: Tomb and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``City of Gold: Tomb and Temple in... ``City of Gold: Tomb and Temple in Ancient Cyprus,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  12. The Amount of Language Exposure Determines Nonlinguistic Tone Grouping Biases in Infants from a Bilingual Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molnar, Monika; Lallier, Marie; Carreiras, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Duration-based auditory grouping preferences are presumably shaped by language experience in adults and infants, unlike intensity-based grouping that is governed by a universal bias of a loud-soft preference. It has been proposed that duration-based rhythmic grouping preferences develop as a function of native language phrasal prosody.…

  13. Utilizing WAIS Scores to Determine Foreign Language Pathways and Learning Assistance for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trammell, Jack

    2016-01-01

    Foreign language (FL) requirements at postsecondary institutions remain a major hurdle for many students with learning disabilities (LD) as well as a significant portion of students without diagnosed LD. Many institutions have developed foreign language substitution (FLS) policies that allow students with LD to take alternate paths to meet the…

  14. Programming Languages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tesler, Lawrence G.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the nature of programing languages, considering the features of BASIC, LOGO, PASCAL, COBOL, FORTH, APL, and LISP. Also discusses machine/assembly codes, the operation of a compiler, and trends in the evolution of programing languages (including interest in notational systems called object-oriented languages). (JN)

  15. Object-Oriented Analysis of Sea Ice Fragmentation Using SAR Imagery to Determine Pacific Walrus Habitat

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brigham, C.; Kolkowitz, I.; Dolson, M.; Rudy, J.; Brooks, A.; Hiatt, C.; Schmidt, C. L.; Skiles, J.

    2006-12-01

    Changes in climate are causing alterations in sea ice formation resulting in a changing habitat for Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens). Students from NASA Ames Research Center's DEVELOP Internship Program worked with the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) in Alaska to assess the use of satellite imagery for studying walrus habitat on sea ice. Few studies use satellite imagery to observe marine mammal habitats in polar regions because of the difficulty in obtaining imagery and georeferenced data points of species location for the same time period. This study used a method for sea ice image analysis that incorporated remote sensing segmentation and classification techniques with RADARSAT1 SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) imagery. Results were correlated with ground point data to determine the relationships of sea ice features to walrus' preferred habitat. MODIS data were utilized, where possible, to verify the classifications of sea ice surfaces obtained by RADARSAT1. The goal of the study was to define geophysical information from radar images that correlate with georeferenced species data points for the same time period. The students determined that walrus prefer thin to medium ice thicknesses. This finding means that aircraft census of walrus populations will not need to be done over areas of thick ice, saving flight time and allowing USFWS personnel to concentrate on locations where walrus populations can be expected to be found.

  16. Estimation of proportions of objects and determination of training sample-size in a remote sensing application

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chhikara, R. S.; Odell, P. L.

    1973-01-01

    A multichannel scanning device may fail to observe objects because of obstructions blocking the view, or different categories of objects may make up a resolution element giving rise to a single observation. Ground truth will be required on any such categories of objects in order to estimate their expected proportions associated with various classes represented in the remote sensing data. Considering the classes to be distributed as multivariate normal with different mean vectors and common covariance, maximum likelihood estimates are given for the expected proportions of objects associated with different classes, using the Bayes procedure for classification of individuals obtained from these classes. An approximate solution for simultaneous confidence intervals on these proportions is given, and thereby a sample-size needed to achieve a desired amount of accuracy for the estimates is determined.

  17. Using Instructional Technology to Integrate CEFR "Can Do" Performance Objectives into an Advanced-Level Language Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burston, Jack; Athanasiou, Androulla; Neophytou-Yiokari, Maro

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this presentation is to show how instructional technology can be exploited to effectively integrate Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) "Can Do" performance objectives (Council of Europe, 2001) into the syllabus and assessment of an advanced (B2) level course. The particular course that will be used for purposes…

  18. Small Schools Science Curriculum, K-3: Reading, Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies. Scope, Objectives, Activities, Resources, Monitoring Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartl, David, Ed.; And Others

    Learning objectives and suggested activities, monitoring procedures and resources for the Washington K-3 Small Schools Science Curriculum are based on the rationale that "young children need the opportunity to observe, classify, predict, test ideas again and again in a variety of contexts, ask questions, explain, discuss ideas, fail, and succeed.…

  19. Schmidt-Kalman Filter with Polynomial Chaos Expansion for Orbit Determination of Space Objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Y.; Cai, H.; Zhang, K.

    2016-09-01

    Parameter errors in orbital models can result in poor orbit determination (OD) using a traditional Kalman filter. One approach to account for these errors is to consider them in the so-called Schmidt-Kalman filter (SKF), by augmenting the state covariance matrix (CM) with additional parameter covariance rather than additively estimating these so-called "consider" parameters. This paper introduces a new SKF algorithm with polynomial chaos expansion (PCE-SKF). The PCE approach has been proved to be more efficient than Monte Carlo method for propagating the input uncertainties onto the system response without experiencing any constraints of linear dynamics, or Gaussian distributions of the uncertainty sources. The state and covariance needed in the orbit prediction step are propagated using PCE. An inclined geosynchronous orbit scenario is set up to test the proposed PCE-SKF based OD algorithm. The satellite orbit is propagated based on numerical integration, with the uncertain coefficient of solar radiation pressure considered. The PCE-SKF solutions are compared with extended Kalman filter (EKF), SKF and PCE-EKF (EKF with PCE) solutions. It is implied that the covariance propagation using PCE leads to more precise OD solutions in comparison with those based on linear propagation of covariance.

  20. Incremental nature of anterior eye grading scales determined by objective image analysis

    PubMed Central

    Wolffsohn, J S

    2004-01-01

    Aim: To use previously validated image analysis techniques to determine the incremental nature of printed subjective anterior eye grading scales. Methods: A purpose designed computer program was written to detect edges using a 3×3 kernal and to extract colour planes in the selected area of an image. Annunziato and Efron pictorial, and CCLRU and Vistakon-Synoptik photographic grades of bulbar hyperaemia, palpebral hyperaemia roughness, and corneal staining were analysed. Results: The increments of the grading scales were best described by a quadratic rather than a linear function. Edge detection and colour extraction image analysis for bulbar hyperaemia (r2 = 0.35−0.99), palpebral hyperaemia (r2 = 0.71−0.99), palpebral roughness (r2 = 0.30−0.94), and corneal staining (r2 = 0.57−0.99) correlated well with scale grades, although the increments varied in magnitude and direction between different scales. Repeated image analysis measures had a 95% confidence interval of between 0.02 (colour extraction) and 0.10 (edge detection) scale units (on a 0–4 scale). Conclusion: The printed grading scales were more sensitive for grading features of low severity, but grades were not comparable between grading scales. Palpebral hyperaemia and staining grading is complicated by the variable presentations possible. Image analysis techniques are 6–35 times more repeatable than subjective grading, with a sensitivity of 1.2–2.8% of the scale. PMID:15489489

  1. Determination of the magnetic polarizability tensor and three dimensional object location for multiple objects using a walk-through metal detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marsh, Liam A.; Ktistis, Christos; Järvi, Ari; Armitage, David W.; Peyton, Anthony J.

    2014-05-01

    A previously reported tomographic metal detector which is capable of inverting the location and magnetic polarizability tensor for a single object has been modified such that it is capable of inverting the location and magnetic polarizability tensor for multiple objects. In this paper, the term ‘multiple objects’ refers to up to three independent metallic objects. The results from this paper show that the algorithm works well for objects vertically separated by greater than 40 cm, however the reliability varies as objects are brought closer together, or are at the same vertical height; the estimation of position for multiple objects tends to perform well, but the estimation of the magnetic polarizability tensor becomes poorer. Interactions taking place between objects is presented as one possible explanation for this.

  2. What Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine (DICOM) could look like in common object request broker (CORBA) and extensible markup language (XML).

    PubMed

    Van Nguyen, A; Avrin, D E; Tellis, W M; Andriole, K P; Arenson, R L

    2001-06-01

    Common object request broker architecture (CORBA) is a method for invoking distributed objects across a network. There has been some activity in applying this software technology to Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), but no documented demonstration of how this would actually work. We report a CORBA demonstration that is functionally equivalent and in some ways superior to the DICOM communication protocol. In addition, in and outside of medicine, there is great interest in the use of extensible markup language (XML) to provide interoperation between databases. An example implementation of the DICOM data structure in XML will also be demonstrated. Using Visibroker ORB from Inprise (Scotts Valley, CA), a test bed was developed to simulate the principle DICOM operations: store, query, and retrieve (SQR). SQR is the most common interaction between a modality device application entity (AE) such as a computed tomography (CT) scanner, and a storage component, as well as between a storage component and a workstation. The storage of a CT study by invoking one of several storage objects residing on a network was simulated and demonstrated. In addition, XML database descriptors were used to facilitate the transfer of DICOM header information between independent databases. CORBA is demonstrated to have great potential for the next version of DICOM. It can provide redundant protection against single points of failure. XML appears to be an excellent method of providing interaction between separate databases managing the DICOM information object model, and may therefore eliminate the common use of proprietary client-server databases in commercial implementations of picture archiving and communication systems (PACS).

  3. The Experience of Burnout among English Language Teachers in Iran: Self and Other Determinants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadeghi, Karim; Khezrlou, Sima

    2016-01-01

    Burnout in teachers is an important concern since it adversely impacts their instruction as well as their psychological, mental, and physical health. The present study examined the levels of burnout (i.e. emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment) experienced by Iranian English language teachers. Specifically,…

  4. Determinants of International Students' Adaptation: Examining Effects of Integrative Motivation, Instrumental Motivation and Second Language Proficiency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Baohua; Downing, Kevin

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the influence of integrative motivation, instrumental motivation and second language (L2) proficiency on socio-cultural/academic adaptation in a sample of two groups of international students studying Chinese in China. Results revealed that the non-Asian student group reported higher levels of integrative motivation,…

  5. Function as a Determinant of Speech Production--Implications for Language Development in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skull, John

    The function of speech and its implications for studying, understanding, and promoting language development are explored in this paper. Function is considered to be the purpose of the speaker when speaking, variously termed context of situation, situation, context, circumstance, or mode. It is noted that very few studies of speech and speech…

  6. Determination of Spin Axis Orientation of Geosynchronous Objects Using Space-Based Sensors: An Initial Feasibility Investigation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    The spin axis of a rotating satellite can be determined by studying the rate of change of the observed spin rate as a function of the satellite’s...position in its orbit. The observed spin rate change is largest when the rate of change of the sun-satellite-observer angle is largest. Application of...this method is problematic for deep-space objects due to the slow rate of change of this angle, however some assumptions can be made to make the problem

  7. Determining an Effective Interactive Multimedia Arabic Language Courseware for Malaysian Primary School Children: An Alternative Paradigm for Learning in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faryadi, Qais; Bakar, Zainab Abu; Maidinsah, Hamidah

    2007-01-01

    The prime purpose of this experimental research was to determine whether learning Arabic as a foreign language can be effectively enhanced through traditional methodology. As such, this research carefully investigated and critically analyzed the effectiveness of the traditional paradigm in teaching Arabic as a foreign language to 3rd grade primary…

  8. X-ray Powder Diffraction in Conservation Science: Towards Routine Crystal Structure Determination of Corrosion Products on Heritage Art Objects.

    PubMed

    Dinnebier, Robert E; Fischer, Andrea; Eggert, Gerhard; Runčevski, Tomče; Wahlberg, Nanna

    2016-06-08

    The crystal structure determination and refinement process of corrosion products on historic art objects using laboratory high-resolution X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) is presented in detail via two case studies. The first material under investigation was sodium copper formate hydroxide oxide hydrate, Cu4Na4O(HCOO)8(OH)2∙4H2O (sample 1) which forms on soda glass/copper alloy composite historic objects (e.g., enamels) in museum collections, exposed to formaldehyde and formic acid emitted from wooden storage cabinets, adhesives, etc. This degradation phenomenon has recently been characterized as "glass induced metal corrosion". For the second case study, thecotrichite, Ca3(CH3COO)3Cl(NO3)2∙6H2O (sample 2), was chosen, which is an efflorescent salt forming needlelike crystallites on tiles and limestone objects which are stored in wooden cabinets and display cases. In this case, the wood acts as source for acetic acid which reacts with soluble chloride and nitrate salts from the artifact or its environment. The knowledge of the geometrical structure helps conservation science to better understand production and decay reactions and to allow for full quantitative analysis in the frequent case of mixtures.

  9. Validation experiments to determine radiation partitioning of heat flux to an object in a fully turbulent fire.

    SciTech Connect

    Ricks, Allen; Blanchat, Thomas K.; Jernigan, Dann A.

    2006-06-01

    It is necessary to improve understanding and develop validation data of the heat flux incident to an object located within the fire plume for the validation of SIERRA/ FUEGO/SYRINX fire and SIERRA/CALORE. One key aspect of the validation data sets is the determination of the relative contribution of the radiative and convective heat fluxes. To meet this objective, a cylindrical calorimeter with sufficient instrumentation to measure total and radiative heat flux had been designed and fabricated. This calorimeter will be tested both in the controlled radiative environment of the Penlight facility and in a fire environment in the FLAME/Radiant Heat (FRH) facility. Validation experiments are specifically designed for direct comparison with the computational predictions. Making meaningful comparisons between the computational and experimental results requires careful characterization and control of the experimental features or parameters used as inputs into the computational model. Validation experiments must be designed to capture the essential physical phenomena, including all relevant initial and boundary conditions. A significant question of interest to modeling heat flux incident to an object in or near a fire is the contribution of the radiation and convection modes of heat transfer. The series of experiments documented in this test plan is designed to provide data on the radiation partitioning, defined as the fraction of the total heat flux that is due to radiation.

  10. The Determinants of the Types of Selves in Relation to Foreign Language Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demirezen, Mehmet

    2016-01-01

    In the field of Modern Higher Education, the background of teachers as native or non-native speakers of the language they teach is of major concern in the field of teacher education. First things first, in teacher education each teacher has an ideal self of her or his own as non-native English-speaking teachers of English, as a second or foreign…

  11. Hebrew language usage: determinants and effects on earnings among immigrants in Israel.

    PubMed

    Chiswick, B R

    1998-01-01

    "This paper uses the 1983 Census of Israel to analyze Hebrew speaking skills and the effects of Hebrew fluency on the earnings of adult male immigrants. Hebrew fluency increases with a longer duration in Israel, the presence of children in the household, marrying after immigration, living in an area in which a smaller proportion speak one's mother tongue, a younger age at migration, a higher level of schooling and varies by country of birth. Earnings increase monotonically with the use of Hebrew. Speaking English as a second language is associated with higher earnings, even when country of origin is held constant."

  12. The Age of Second Language Acquisition Determines the Variability in Activation Elicited by Narration in Three Languages in Broca's and Wernicke's Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Constantine; Kaiser, Anelis; Kuenzli, Esther; Zappatore, Daniela; Haller, Sven; Franceschini, Rita; Luedi, Georges; Radue, Ernst-Wilhelm; Nitsch, Cordula

    2009-01-01

    It is generally accepted that the presence of a second language (L2) has an impact on the neuronal substrates build up and used for language processing; the influence of the age of L2 exposure, however, is not established. We tested the hypothesis that the age of L2 acquisition has an effect on the cortical representation of a multilingual…

  13. Development and validation of the Human Activity Profile into Chinese language: lessons in determining equivalence.

    PubMed

    Bonner, Ann; Wellard, Sally; Kenrick, Marita

    2006-03-01

    The Human Activity Profile (HAP), and associated Dyspnea Scale, is a self-report instrument for assessing levels of human activity. Although it has been used in studies examining the levels of activity in people, it is limited to people who are only able to understand English. However, many countries are multicultural with significant numbers of people whose native language is not English. This study sought to demonstrate the equivalence between the Chinese and English versions of the HAP and Dyspnea scales. Thirty-five bilingual university students completed both the Chinese and English versions of each questionnaire. There was 89% and 85% agreement between items across the HAP and Dyspnea Scale questionnaires, respectively. Although the psychometric evaluations suggested there was equivalence between the Chinese and English versions of both the HAP and Dyspnea Scale, lessons have been learnt regarding the different written forms of Chinese.

  14. English language learners with reading-related LD: linking data from multiple sources to make eligibility determinations.

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, Cheryl Y; Ortiz, Alba A; Robertson, Phyllis M; Kushner, Millicent I

    2006-01-01

    Results are reported for an exploratory study of eligibility decisions made for 21 Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs) with learning disabilities (LD) and no secondary disabilities who received special education support in reading. Eligibility determinations by an expert panel resulted in decisions that differed significantly from those of school multidisciplinary teams. The panel agreed that some students appeared to have reading-related LD (n = 5) but also identified students that they believed had disabilities, but not necessarily reading-related LD (n = 6). Another group of students (n = 10) had learning problems that the panel believed could be attributed to factors other than LD or for whom substantive additional data would be required to validate eligibility. Issues associated with referral, assessment, and eligibility determinations for ELLs are discussed, and recommendations for improving practice are offered, with an emphasis on the importance of linking data from multiple sources when deciding whether ELLs qualify for special education.

  15. The age of second language acquisition determines the variability in activation elicited by narration in three languages in Broca's and Wernicke's area.

    PubMed

    Bloch, Constantine; Kaiser, Anelis; Kuenzli, Esther; Zappatore, Daniela; Haller, Sven; Franceschini, Rita; Luedi, Georges; Radue, Ernst-Wilhelm; Nitsch, Cordula

    2009-02-01

    It is generally accepted that the presence of a second language (L2) has an impact on the neuronal substrates build up and used for language processing; the influence of the age of L2 exposure, however, is not established. We tested the hypothesis that the age of L2 acquisition has an effect on the cortical representation of a multilingual repertoire in 44 multilinguals with different age of exposure to a L2 (simultaneous or covert simultaneous exposure to L1 and L2, sequential acquisition of L1 and L2 between 1 and 5 years, late learning of L2 after 9 years of age) and all fluent in a late learned L3. Regional activation in a language production task showed a high in-between-subject variability, which was higher than within-subject variability between L1, L2, and L3. We, therefore, performed a single subject analysis and calculated the within-subject variance in the numbers of activated voxels in Broca's and Wernicke's area. Subjects with early exposure to L2 showed low variability in brain activation in all three languages, in the two early as well as the late learned language. In contrast, late multilinguals exhibited higher variability. Thus, cerebral representation of languages is linked to the age of L2 acquisition: early exposure to more than one language gives rise to a language processing network that is activated homogeneously by early and late learned languages, while the inhomogeneous activation in late multilinguals indicates more independent access to the multilingual repertoire. Early passive exposure to L2 results in the same low variance as active bilingual upbringing. Variability in local brain activity increases progressively from the simultaneous to late L2 exposure, indicating a gradual transition from the mode of early bilingual language representation to that of late ones.

  16. Estimation of trace gas fluxes with objectively determined basis functions using reversible-jump Markov chain Monte Carlo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lunt, Mark F.; Rigby, Matt; Ganesan, Anita L.; Manning, Alistair J.

    2016-09-01

    Atmospheric trace gas inversions often attempt to attribute fluxes to a high-dimensional grid using observations. To make this problem computationally feasible, and to reduce the degree of under-determination, some form of dimension reduction is usually performed. Here, we present an objective method for reducing the spatial dimension of the parameter space in atmospheric trace gas inversions. In addition to solving for a set of unknowns that govern emissions of a trace gas, we set out a framework that considers the number of unknowns to itself be an unknown. We rely on the well-established reversible-jump Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm to use the data to determine the dimension of the parameter space. This framework provides a single-step process that solves for both the resolution of the inversion grid, as well as the magnitude of fluxes from this grid. Therefore, the uncertainty that surrounds the choice of aggregation is accounted for in the posterior parameter distribution. The posterior distribution of this transdimensional Markov chain provides a naturally smoothed solution, formed from an ensemble of coarser partitions of the spatial domain. We describe the form of the reversible-jump algorithm and how it may be applied to trace gas inversions. We build the system into a hierarchical Bayesian framework in which other unknown factors, such as the magnitude of the model uncertainty, can also be explored. A pseudo-data example is used to show the usefulness of this approach when compared to a subjectively chosen partitioning of a spatial domain. An inversion using real data is also shown to illustrate the scales at which the data allow for methane emissions over north-west Europe to be resolved.

  17. Determining object boundaries from MR images with sub-pixel resolution: Towards in-line inspection with a mobile tomograph

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danieli, Ernesto; Berdel, Klaus; Perlo, Juan; Michaeli, Walter; Masberg, Ullrich; Blümich, Bernhard; Casanova, Federico

    2010-11-01

    This work evaluates the performance of edge-detection algorithms to determine the sample geometry with high spatial accuracy from low-resolution MR images. In particular, we show that by applying such numerical methods it is possible to reconstruct the internal and external contours of the object with a spatial precision that surpasses the nominal spatial resolution of the image by more than one order of magnitude. Special attention is paid to find the spatial resolution and signal-to-noise ratio required by the described numerical methodology to achieve a desired spatial accuracy. Finally, we discuss the potential application of this image processing approach for in-line quality control of extruded rubber materials, where micrometer spatial precision has to be achieved from images measured in short experimental times. The results presented here prove that the sensitivity of mobile MRI sensors is enough to achieve the spatial accuracy required to proof check the production of extruded rubber fittings in acceptable experimental times.

  18. An analysis of TA-Student Interaction and the Development of Concepts in 3-d Space Through Language, Objects, and Gesture in a College-level Geoscience Laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, S. L.

    2015-12-01

    The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) to describe how a teaching assistant (TA) in an undergraduate geology laboratory employs a multimodal system in order to mediate the students' understanding of scientific knowledge and develop a contextualization of a concept in three-dimensional space and 2) to describe how a linguistic awareness of gestural patterns can be used to inform TA training assessment of students' conceptual understanding in situ. During the study the TA aided students in developing the conceptual understanding and reconstruction of a meteoric impact, which produces shatter cone formations. The concurrent use of speech, gesture, and physical manipulation of objects is employed by the TA in order to aid the conceptual understanding of this particular phenomenon. Using the methods of gestural analysis in works by Goldin-Meadow, 2000 and McNeill, 1992, this study describes the gestures of the TA and the students as well as the purpose and motivation of the meditational strategies employed by TA in order to build the geological concept in the constructed 3-dimensional space. Through a series of increasingly complex gestures, the TA assists the students to construct the forensic concept of the imagined 3-D space, which can then be applied to a larger context. As the TA becomes more familiar with the students' meditational needs, the TA adapts teaching and gestural styles to meet their respective ZPDs (Vygotsky 1978). This study shows that in the laboratory setting language, gesture, and physical manipulation of the experimental object are all integral to the learning and demonstration of scientific concepts. Recognition of the gestural patterns of the students allows the TA the ability to dynamically assess the students understanding of a concept. Using the information from this example of student-TA interaction, a brief short course has been created to assist TAs in recognizing the mediational power as well as the assessment potential of gestural

  19. An Investigation into Digital Media: Characteristics of Learning Objects Which K-12 Teachers Determine Meet Their Instructional Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, Patricia Ann

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, learning objects have emerged as an instructional tool for teachers. Digital libraries and collections provide teachers with free or fee-base access to a variety of learning objects from photos and famous speeches to Flash animations and interactive Java Applets. Learning objects offer opportunities for students to interact with…

  20. Object Oriented Learning Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Ed

    2005-01-01

    We apply the object oriented software engineering (OOSE) design methodology for software objects (SOs) to learning objects (LOs). OOSE extends and refines design principles for authoring dynamic reusable LOs. Our learning object class (LOC) is a template from which individualised LOs can be dynamically created for, or by, students. The properties…

  1. A comitative source for object markers in Sinitic languages: 跟 kai55 in Waxiang and 共 kang7 in Southern Min

    PubMed Central

    Chappell, Hilary; Peyraube, Alain; Wu, Yunji

    2013-01-01

    This analysis sets out to specifically discuss the polyfunctionality of 跟 [kai55] in Waxiang (Sinitic), whose lexical source is the verb ‘to follow’. Amongst its various uses, we find a preposition ‘with, along’, a marker of adjuncts and a NP conjunction, thus superficially resembling its Mandarin cognate 跟 gēn ‘with’. Curiously, however, it has also evolved into a direct object marker in Waxiang, with a function similar to that of preposition 把 bă < ‘hold, take’ as found in the S–bă–O–VP or so-called ‘disposal’ form in standard Mandarin. The pathways of grammaticalization for 跟 [kai55] in Waxiang are thus discussed in order to determine how it has developed this unusual grammatical function in one of the linguistic zones of China where verbs of giving or taking are, in fact, the main source for grammaticalized object markers in ‘disposal’ constructions. On the basis of 16th and 17th century Southern Min literature (Sinitic), a comparison is also made with analogous developments for comitative 共 gòng ‘with’ to provide support for our hypothesis that the direct object marking use has evolved from the oblique function of a benefactive or dative, and is clearly separate from the crosslinguistically well-attested pathway that leads to its use as a conjunction. We would thus like to propose that these data contribute a new pattern to the stock of grammaticalization pathways, specifically, comitative > dative/benefactive > accusative (direct object marker). PMID:24273384

  2. Increasing genotype-phenotype model determinism: application to bivariate reading/language traits and epistatic interactions in language-impaired families.

    PubMed

    Simmons, Tabatha R; Flax, Judy F; Azaro, Marco A; Hayter, Jared E; Justice, Laura M; Petrill, Stephen A; Bassett, Anne S; Tallal, Paula; Brzustowicz, Linda M; Bartlett, Christopher W

    2010-01-01

    While advances in network and pathway analysis have flourished in the era of genome-wide association analysis, understanding the genetic mechanism of individual loci on phenotypes is still readily accomplished using genetic modeling approaches. Here, we demonstrate two novel genotype-phenotype models implemented in a flexible genetic modeling platform. The examples come from analysis of families with specific language impairment (SLI), a failure to develop normal language without explanatory factors such as low IQ or inadequate environment. In previous genome-wide studies, we observed strong evidence for linkage to 13q21 with a reading phenotype in language-impaired families. First, we elucidate the genetic architecture of reading impairment and quantitative language variation in our samples using a bivariate analysis of reading impairment in affected individuals jointly with language quantitative phenotypes in unaffected individuals. This analysis largely recapitulates the baseline analysis using the categorical trait data (posterior probability of linkage (PPL) = 80%), indicating that our reading impairment phenotype captured poor readers who also have low language ability. Second, we performed epistasis analysis using a functional coding variant in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene previously associated with reduced performance on working memory tasks. Modeling epistasis doubled the evidence on 13q21 and raised the PPL to 99.9%, indicating that BDNF and 13q21 susceptibility alleles are jointly part of the genetic architecture of SLI. These analyses provide possible mechanistic insights for further cognitive neuroscience studies based on the models developed herein.

  3. Examining the Effectiveness of an Academic Language Planning Organizer as a Tool for Planning Science Academic Language Instruction and Supports

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jung, Karl G.; Brown, Julie C.

    2016-12-01

    To engage in the practices of science, students must have a strong command of science academic language. However, content area teachers often make academic language an incidental part of their lesson planning, which leads to missed opportunities to enhance students' language development. To support pre-service elementary science teachers (PSTs) in making language planning an explicit part of their science lessons, we created the Academic Language Planning Organizer (ALPO). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the ALPO on two levels: first, by examining participants' interactions with the ALPO as they identified academic language features, objectives and supports; and second, by exploring the ways that participants translated identified language supports to planned science activities. Findings indicated that, when using the ALPO, PSTs identified clear language functions and relevant vocabulary terms, and also frequently developed clear, observable and measurable language objectives. When lesson planning, PSTs were largely successful in translating previously identified language supports to their lesson plans, and often planned additional language supports beyond what was required. We also found, however, that the ALPO did not meet its intended use in supporting PSTs in identifying discourse and syntax demands associated with specific academic language functions, suggesting that revisions to the ALPO could better support PSTs in identifying these academic language demands. Implications for supporting PSTs' planning for and scaffolding of science academic language use are presented.

  4. Objective Determination of Cloud Heights and Radar Reflectivities Using a Combination of Active Remote Sensors at the ARM CART Sites.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clothiaux, Eugene E.; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Mace, Gerald G.; Moran, Kenneth P.; Marchand, Roger T.; Miller, Mark A.; Martner, Brooks E.

    2000-05-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is deploying sensitive, millimeter-wave cloud radars at its Cloud and Radiation Test Bed (CART) sites in Oklahoma, Alaska, and the tropical western Pacific Ocean. The radars complement optical devices, including a Belfort or Vaisala laser ceilometer and a micropulse lidar, in providing a comprehensive source of information on the vertical distribution of hydrometeors overhead at the sites. An algorithm is described that combines data from these active remote sensors to produce an objective determination of hydrometeor height distributions and estimates of their radar reflectivities, vertical velocities, and Doppler spectral widths, which are optimized for accuracy. These data provide fundamental information for retrieving cloud microphysical properties and assessing the radiative effects of clouds on climate. The algorithm is applied to nine months of data from the CART site in Oklahoma for initial evaluation. Much of the algorithm's calculations deal with merging and optimizing data from the radar's four sequential operating modes, which have differing advantages and limitations, including problems resulting from range sidelobes, range aliasing, and coherent averaging. Two of the modes use advanced phase-coded pulse compression techniques to yield approximately 10 and 15 dB more sensitivity than is available from the two conventional pulse modes. Comparison of cloud-base heights from the Belfort ceilometer and the micropulse lidar confirms small biases found in earlier studies, but recent information about the ceilometer brings the agreement to within 20-30 m. Merged data of the radar's modes were found to miss approximately 5.9% of the clouds detected by the laser systems. Using data from only the radar's two less-sensitive conventional pulse modes would increase the missed detections to 22%-34%. A significant remaining problem is that the radar's lower-altitude data are often

  5. Effects of Physical Education on Objectively Determined Physical Activity in Primary School Children--Which Proportioning Is Best?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kobel, Susanne; Kettner, Sarah; Erkelenz, Nanette; Kesztyus, Dorothea; Steinacker, Jurgen M.

    2015-01-01

    Physical Education (PE) can foster regular physical activity (PA) in children. However, children engage in insufficient moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) during PE. This study objectively investigated MVPA of children during a single, compared with double PE-period. In 294 children (7.1 ± 0.7 years) PA was objectively assessed. PE periods were…

  6. Toward a Reappraisal of Foreign Language Instruction, or Can Culture Kill?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollerbach, Wolf

    The current crisis in foreign language instruction is largely the result of a general disillusionment with methods, objectives, and achievements, in fact with the whole philosophy that has determined foreign language programs in the U.S. for the last 15-20 years. Today, the primary goal of foreign language instruction must be reemphasized. This…

  7. An objective approach to determining the weight ranges of prey preferred by and accessible to the five large African carnivores.

    PubMed

    Clements, Hayley S; Tambling, Craig J; Hayward, Matt W; Kerley, Graham I H

    2014-01-01

    Broad-scale models describing predator prey preferences serve as useful departure points for understanding predator-prey interactions at finer scales. Previous analyses used a subjective approach to identify prey weight preferences of the five large African carnivores, hence their accuracy is questionable. This study uses a segmented model of prey weight versus prey preference to objectively quantify the prey weight preferences of the five large African carnivores. Based on simulations of known predator prey preference, for prey species sample sizes above 32 the segmented model approach detects up to four known changes in prey weight preference (represented by model break-points) with high rates of detection (75% to 100% of simulations, depending on number of break-points) and accuracy (within 1.3±4.0 to 2.7±4.4 of known break-point). When applied to the five large African carnivores, using carnivore diet information from across Africa, the model detected weight ranges of prey that are preferred, killed relative to their abundance, and avoided by each carnivore. Prey in the weight ranges preferred and killed relative to their abundance are together termed "accessible prey". Accessible prey weight ranges were found to be 14-135 kg for cheetah Acinonyx jubatus, 1-45 kg for leopard Panthera pardus, 32-632 kg for lion Panthera leo, 15-1600 kg for spotted hyaena Crocuta crocuta and 10-289 kg for wild dog Lycaon pictus. An assessment of carnivore diets throughout Africa found these accessible prey weight ranges include 88±2% (cheetah), 82±3% (leopard), 81±2% (lion), 97±2% (spotted hyaena) and 96±2% (wild dog) of kills. These descriptions of prey weight preferences therefore contribute to our understanding of the diet spectrum of the five large African carnivores. Where datasets meet the minimum sample size requirements, the segmented model approach provides a means of determining, and comparing, the prey weight range preferences of any carnivore species.

  8. Language: perspectives from another modality.

    PubMed

    Bellugi, U; Klima, E S

    1979-01-01

    Human languages have been forged in auditory-vocal channels throughout evolution. This paper examines the formal properties of a communication system that has developed in the absence of speech: the sign language of the deaf. The objective is to investigate to what extent the overall form and organization of language is determined by the articulatory and perceptual modality in which it has developed (its transmission system) and to what extent its form and organization represent more fundamental aspects of the human mind (intellect). Experimental and linguistic evidence is brought to bear on the analysis of the sign: studies of coding and processing of signs in memory; of slips of the hand; of historical change in signs over time; the heightened use of language in poetry and wit. American Sign Language differs dramatically from English and other spoken languages in the mechanisms by which its lexical units are modified. For the form of its morphological processes, the mode in which the language develops appears to make a crucial difference. Finally, the issue of cerebral specialization with respect to a visual-manual language is addressed.

  9. Determining the Index of Refraction of an Unknown Object using Passive Polarimetric Imagery Degraded by Atmospheric Turbulence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-09

    are visible in the polarimetric image. For more on polarimetric target detection see Ref. [51]. 3.1.2.2 Material Classification . Material...for ma- terial classification and object recognition in computer vision”. volume 2599, 54–63. SPIE, 1996. URL http://link.aip.org/link/?PSI/2599/54/1...remove atmospheric distortion and correctly classify the unknown object . The sec- ond classification algorithm, an enhanced version of the first

  10. Timed picture naming in seven languages

    PubMed Central

    BATES, ELIZABETH; D’AMICO, SIMONA; JACOBSEN, THOMAS; SZÉKELY, ANNA; ANDONOVA, ELENA; DEVESCOVI, ANTONELLA; HERRON, DAN; LU, CHING CHING; PECHMANN, THOMAS; PLÉH, CSABA; WICHA, NICOLE; FEDERMEIER, KARA; GERDJIKOVA, IRINI; GUTIERREZ, GABRIEL; HUNG, DAISY; HSU, JEANNE; IYER, GOWRI; KOHNERT, KATHERINE; MEHOTCHEVA, TEODORA; OROZCO-FIGUEROA, ARACELI; TZENG, ANGELA; TZENG, OVID

    2012-01-01

    Timed picture naming was compared in seven languages that vary along dimensions known to affect lexical access. Analyses over items focused on factors that determine cross-language universals and cross-language disparities. With regard to universals, number of alternative names had large effects on reaction time within and across languages after target–name agreement was controlled, suggesting inhibitory effects from lexical competitors. For all the languages, word frequency and goodness of depiction had large effects, but objective picture complexity did not. Effects of word structure variables (length, syllable structure, compounding, and initial frication) varied markedly over languages. Strong cross-language correlations were found in naming latencies, frequency, and length. Other-language frequency effects were observed (e.g., Chinese frequencies predicting Spanish reaction times) even after within-language effects were controlled (e.g., Spanish frequencies predicting Spanish reaction times). These surprising cross-language correlations challenge widely held assumptions about the lexical locus of length and frequency effects, suggesting instead that they may (at least in part) reflect familiarity and accessibility at a conceptual level that is shared over languages. PMID:12921412

  11. Discussion: Imagining the Languaged Worker's Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urciuoli, Bonnie

    2016-01-01

    What people perceive as "a language"--a named entity--is abstracted from practices and notions about those practices. People take for granted that language is somehow a "thing," an objectively distinct and bounded entity. How languages come to be thus imagined indexes the conditions under which they are imagined. The articles…

  12. Language Variation, Language Change and Perceptual Dialectology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gessinger, Joachim

    2010-01-01

    Subjective and objective language data collected in a research project on language variation in north Germany not only reveal information on current linguistic trends in north Germany; they also show how language change in this region is represented in the consciousness of the speakers themselves and described in comments by them. This diachronic…

  13. The Implementation of Industrial Training in Tertiary Education in Malaysia: Objectives, Realisations and Outputs in the Case of Foreign Language Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machart, Régis

    2017-01-01

    The large range of jobs that Malaysian undergraduates of foreign languages are often employed in after completion of their studies (education, tourism, banking, business, management, etc.) is not necessarily related to their major field of study. This situation often makes it difficult for lecturers to develop a comprehensive professional training…

  14. Cognition and Comprehension: A Study of the Need for Incorporation of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives in English as a Second Language Remedial Reading Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costin, Barbara Wei-hao Shen

    A survey conducted at the Hong Kong Baptist College gathered information about first-year remedial reading instruction in English as a second language (ESL). The study focused on the kinds and purposes of reading assignments, the levels of cognitive processes related to reading assignments, the cognitive ability levels of weak students, the…

  15. How Do You Say "Twos" in Spanish, if "Two" Is "Dos"? Language as Means and Object in a Bilingual Kindergarten Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulvihill, Naomi

    2014-01-01

    In this essay Naomi Mulvihill uses vignettes from her bilingual kindergarten classroom to explore the dynamic processes by which young children make sense of language, focusing on instances in which she asks her students to compare texts presented in English and Spanish. Using Piaget's concept of disequilibrium as a guiding framework,…

  16. The Effects of Verb Argument Complexity on Verb Production in Persons with Aphasia: Evidence from a Subject-Object-Verb Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sung, Jee Eun

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of verb argument complexity on verb production in individuals with aphasia using a verb-final language. The verb-argument complexity was examined by the number of arguments (1-, 2-, and 3-place) and the types of arguments (unaccusative vs. unergative comparisons). Fifteen Korean-speaking…

  17. 78 FR 144 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition-Determinations: “Girl With a Pearl Earring...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-02

    ... Paintings From the Mauritshuis SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to... Pearl Earring: Dutch Paintings from the Mauritshuis,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  18. 76 FR 30751 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Turkish Taste at the Court...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-26

    ...-Antoinette'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie- Antoinette,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  19. 77 FR 25226 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Wealth of a Nation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... Silver From the Museum's Collection'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... Nation: British Silver from the Museum's Collection,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  20. 75 FR 28095 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “E Ku Ana Ka Paia...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ..., Responsibility and the Ku Images'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to...: Unification, Responsibility and the Ku Images,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the... that Public Notice of these Determinations be published in the Federal Register. FOR...

  1. RETRACTION: Surface impedance determination of an object located over a planar PEC surface and its use in shape reconstruction Surface impedance determination of an object located over a planar PEC surface and its use in shape reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seda Ünal, Gül; Yapar, Ali; Akduman, Ibrahim

    2009-06-01

    This paper has substantial overlap with the paper 'Reconstruction of surface impedance of an object located over a planar PEC surface' by Gül Seda Ünal, Mehmet Çayören and Evrim Tetik (2008 Journal of Physics: Conference Series 135 012099). Therefore this article has been retracted by IOP Publishing and by the authors, Gül Seda Ünal, Ali Yapar and Ibrahim Akduman.

  2. Determination of the upper and lower bound of the mass limit of degenerate fermionic dark matter objects

    SciTech Connect

    Kupi, Gabor

    2008-01-15

    We give a gravitational upper limit for the mass of static degenerate fermionic dark matter objects. The treatment we use includes fully relativistic equations for describing the static solutions of these objects. We study the influence of the annihilation of the particles on this mass limit. We give the change of its value over the age of the Universe with annihilation cross sections relevant for such fermions constituting the dark matter. Our calculations take into account the possibility of Dirac as well Majorana spinors.

  3. Where Infants Look Determines How They See: Eye Movements and Object Perception Performance in 3-Month-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Scott P.; Slemmer, Jonathan A.; Amso, Dima

    2004-01-01

    A fundamental question of perceptual development concerns how infants come to perceive partly hidden objects as unified across a spatial gap imposed by an occluder. Much is known about the time course of development of perceptual completion during the first several months after birth, as well as some of the visual information that supports unity…

  4. Determination of an optimal control strategy for drug administration in tumor treatment using multi-objective optimization differential evolution.

    PubMed

    Lobato, Fran Sérgio; Machado, Vinicius Silvério; Steffen, Valder

    2016-07-01

    The mathematical modeling of physical and biologic systems represents an interesting alternative to study the behavior of these phenomena. In this context, the development of mathematical models to simulate the dynamic behavior of tumors is configured as an important theme in the current days. Among the advantages resulting from using these models is their application to optimization and inverse problem approaches. Traditionally, the formulated Optimal Control Problem (OCP) has the objective of minimizing the size of tumor cells by the end of the treatment. In this case an important aspect is not considered, namely, the optimal concentrations of drugs may affect the patients' health significantly. In this sense, the present work has the objective of obtaining an optimal protocol for drug administration to patients with cancer, through the minimization of both the cancerous cells concentration and the prescribed drug concentration. The resolution of this multi-objective problem is obtained through the Multi-objective Optimization Differential Evolution (MODE) algorithm. The Pareto's Curve obtained supplies a set of optimal protocols from which an optimal strategy for drug administration can be chosen, according to a given criterion.

  5. STakeholder-Objective Risk Model (STORM): Determining the aggregated risk of multiple contaminant hazards in groundwater well catchments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Enzenhoefer, R.; Binning, P. J.; Nowak, W.

    2015-09-01

    Risk is often defined as the product of probability, vulnerability and value. Drinking water supply from groundwater abstraction is often at risk due to multiple hazardous land use activities in the well catchment. Each hazard might or might not introduce contaminants into the subsurface at any point in time, which then affects the pumped quality upon transport through the aquifer. In such situations, estimating the overall risk is not trivial, and three key questions emerge: (1) How to aggregate the impacts from different contaminants and spill locations to an overall, cumulative impact on the value at risk? (2) How to properly account for the stochastic nature of spill events when converting the aggregated impact to a risk estimate? (3) How will the overall risk and subsequent decision making depend on stakeholder objectives, where stakeholder objectives refer to the values at risk, risk attitudes and risk metrics that can vary between stakeholders. In this study, we provide a STakeholder-Objective Risk Model (STORM) for assessing the total aggregated risk. Or concept is a quantitative, probabilistic and modular framework for simulation-based risk estimation. It rests on the source-pathway-receptor concept, mass-discharge-based aggregation of stochastically occuring spill events, accounts for uncertainties in the involved flow and transport models through Monte Carlo simulation, and can address different stakeholder objectives. We illustrate the application of STORM in a numerical test case inspired by a German drinking water catchment. As one may expect, the results depend strongly on the chosen stakeholder objectives, but they are equally sensitive to different approaches for risk aggregation across different hazards, contaminant types, and over time.

  6. 77 FR 75253 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Wait, Later This Will Be...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-19

    ...: Editions by Dieter Roth'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Nothing: Editions by Dieter Roth,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  7. 75 FR 53013 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Pre-Raphaelite Lens...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... Photography and Painting, 1848-1875'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the exhibition ``The Pre-Raphaelite Lens: British Photography and Painting, 1848-1875,'' imported...

  8. 75 FR 27383 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “A Gift From the Desert...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ..., History and Culture of the Arabian Horse'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... Desert: The Art, History and Culture of the Arabian Horse,'' imported from abroad for...

  9. The implementation of industrial training in tertiary education in Malaysia: Objectives, realisations and outputs in the case of foreign language students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Machart, Régis

    2017-02-01

    The large range of jobs that Malaysian undergraduates of foreign languages are often employed in after completion of their studies (education, tourism, banking, business, management, etc.) is not necessarily related to their major field of study. This situation often makes it difficult for lecturers to develop a comprehensive professional training for their benefit. In the early 2010s, unemployment rates of Malaysian undergraduates were increasing, although the job market was quite flexible. In order to improve students' employability, Malaysian universities decided to restructure their curricula. Industrial training, or Latihan Industri (LI), became a new mandatory requirement for all future undergraduates of the new programmes from 2011. LI aims to match students' academic training with the needs of the private sector. However, most companies were not prepared to accept the first influx of trainees from all types of programmes (sciences, social sciences or the humanities) in 2014. Consequently, many students could not find an appropriate LI position in the field they were studying, and were placed in positions for which they were poorly prepared. At the end of their LI, students had to submit a logbook of their activities as well as provide a final report in which they were asked to evaluate their experiences. A content analysis of these reports from four foreign language students who did their LI in different sectors (finance, education, industry and retail) provides interesting insights into the different skills required by Malaysian employers, irrespective of their sector of activity. The analysis of the reports raises the question of the adequacy of the academic training of foreign language students for the Malaysian job market, and the transferability of their acquired language skills to their new work environment.

  10. The Role of Tone in Some Cushitic Languages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appleyard, David L.

    1991-01-01

    The morphological function of tone/accent is examined in a number of Cushitic languages, with the objective of determining whether any comparative statement can be made validly at the group level. Three languages, the Somali dialect cluster, Afar, and Oromo, are the basis for the study. Patterns in case, gender, and the jussive form are analyzed.…

  11. Language-Related Criteria as Determinants of Ethnicity. Goals and Results of a Feasibility Study in the Netherlands.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broeder, Peter; And Others

    This paper addresses the potential value of language-related criteria for use in identifying ethnic minorities in the Netherlands. A description of the way the Dutch government defines ethnic minority groups is followed by a comparative outline of the use of language-related criteria in countries with a longer tradition of immigration (Australia,…

  12. Vocabulary Knowledge Is a Critical Determinant of the Difference in Reading Comprehension Growth between First and Second Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lervag, Arne; Aukrust, Vibeke Grover

    2010-01-01

    Background: This study examines the role of decoding and vocabulary skills as longitudinal predictors of reading comprehension in young first (L1) and second (L2) language learners. Methods: Two-group latent growth models were used to assess differences in growth and predictions of growth between the 198 L1 and 90 L2 language learners. Results: L1…

  13. Mother Tongue as a Determining Variable in Language Attitudes. The Case of Immigrant Latin American Students in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huguet, Angel; Janes, Judit

    2008-01-01

    Bearing in mind the relevance of immigration in Spain, we consider the linguistic idiosyncrasy of the autonomous community of Catalonia in the present study to describe and analyse language attitudes to Catalan and Spanish in a sample of 225 students of immigrant origin living in different parts of the region. We focus on language attitudes in so…

  14. Objective identification of mid-latitude storms in satellite imagery: determination of an independent storm validation dataset.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delsol, C.; Hodges, K.

    2003-04-01

    Current methods of validating GCMs involve comparing model results with Re-analysis datasets in which observations have been combined with a model. The quality of this approach depends on the observational data distribution in space and time and on the model formulation. We propose to use an automatic and objective technique that can provide efficiently a dataset of “real” data against which the models and re-analysis can be validated based on the identification and tracking of weather systems in satellite imagery. We present results of a boundary finding method based on Fourier Shape Descriptors for the identification of extra-tropical cyclones in the mid-latitudes using NOAA’s AVHRR IR imagery. The boundary-finding method, initially derived for medical image processing, is designed to incorporate model-based information into a boundary finding process for continuously deformable objects. This allows us to work with objects that are diverse and irregular in their shape such as developing weather systems. The method is suited to work in an environment, which may contain spurious and broken boundaries. The main characteristic features of an extra-tropical system such as the vortex and associated frontal systems are identified. This work provides a basis for statistical analyses of extra-tropical cyclones for climatological studies and for the validation of GCMs, making use of the vast amount of satellite archive data available. It is also useful for individual case studies for weather forecast verification.

  15. Determining the Factors That Affect the Objectives of Pre-Service Science Teachers to Perform Outdoor Science Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karademir, Ersin; Erten, Sinan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether pre-service teachers have an aim to perform outdoor education activities within the scope of science and technology course; by which factors this aim is affected, through The Theory of Planned Behaviour and the opinions of pre-service teachers. Accordingly, the study was designed as mixed research…

  16. Language Enabled Airmen Program: Language Intensive Training Events 2011 Results

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-01

    learning a second language ? Motivational orientations and self-determination theory . Language Learning , 53, 33-64. Nyikos, M...largely on improving language proficiency. Cultural learning and growth was a weak second focus. However, the challenges that the participants most...and motivations in language learning : Advances in theory , research and applications. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. Gardner, R.C. (1982). Language

  17. Bilinguals' Existing Languages Benefit Vocabulary Learning in a Third Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartolotti, James; Marian, Viorica

    2017-01-01

    Learning a new language involves substantial vocabulary acquisition. Learners can accelerate this process by relying on words with native-language overlap, such as cognates. For bilingual third language learners, it is necessary to determine how their two existing languages interact during novel language learning. A scaffolding account predicts…

  18. The Language Growth of Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rojas, Raul; Iglesias, Aquiles

    2013-01-01

    Although the research literature regarding language growth trajectories is burgeoning, the shape and direction of English Language Learners' (ELLs) language growth trajectories are largely not known. This study used growth curve modeling to determine the shape of ELLs' language growth trajectories across 12,248 oral narrative language samples…

  19. Objectively Determining the Educational Potential of Computer and Video-Based Courseware; or, Producing Reliable Evaluations Despite the Dog and Pony Show.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, Andrew J.; And Others

    The Center for Interactive Technology, Applications, and Research at the College of Engineering of the University of South Florida (Tampa) has developed objective and descriptive evaluation models to assist in determining the educational potential of computer and video courseware. The computer-based courseware evaluation model and the video-based…

  20. Language Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keener, Paul L.

    Capitalizing on the resources available in an urban city block, this resource guide for the emotionally handicapped (K-6) presents a resource list and objectives and activities relative to teaching language arts (reading, English, listening, speaking, and writing). The resource list is comprised of approximately 150 physical facilities (e.g.,…