Science.gov

Sample records for deutsche rentensystem ungerecht

  1. Lernpunkt Deutsch--Stage 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theil, Elvira

    1997-01-01

    Evaluates the first stage of "Lernpunkt Deutsch," a new three-stage German course designed for upper elementary and early secondary school. Describes the publisher's package of materials and the appropriateness of the course, utility of the different package elements, format of the materials, and assesses whether the course provides pedagogically…

  2. Lernpunkt Deutsch--Stage 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theil, Elvira

    1997-01-01

    Evaluates the first stage of "Lernpunkt Deutsch," a new three-stage German course designed for upper elementary and early secondary school. Describes the publisher's package of materials and the appropriateness of the course, utility of the different package elements, format of the materials, and assesses whether the course provides pedagogically…

  3. Herausforderungen durch die deutsche Wiedervereinigung

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stäglin, Reiner

    Die Wiedervereinigung stellte auch die Statistik vor große Aufgaben. Die als Organ der staatlichen Planung staatsnah orientierte Statistik der DDR musste auf das zur Neutralität und wissenschaftlichen Unabhängigkeit verpflichtete System der Bundesrepublik umgestellt werden. Ebenso verlangten die Universitäten eine Neuorientierung. Die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft hat sich vor allem dreier Aufgaben mit großem Engagement, aber auch mit Bedachtsamkeit angenommen: Aufnahme und Integration der Statistiker aus den neuen Bundesländern in die Gesellschaft, Begleitung der Neuausrichtung des Faches Statistik an deren Hochschulen und Sicherung sowie Nutzung von Datenbeständen der ehemaligen DDR.

  4. Time Travel: Deutsch vs. Teleportation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Svetlichny, George

    2011-12-01

    The quantum teleportation protocol can be used to probabilistically simulate a quantum circuit with backward-in-time connections. This allows us to analyze some conceptual problems of time travel in the context of physically realizable situations free of paradoxes. As an example one can perform encrypted measurements of future states for which the decryption key becomes available in the future. Likewise, the gauge-like freedom of locally changing the direction of time flow in quantum circuits can lead to conceptual and computational simplifications. I contrast this situation with Deutsch's treatment of quantum mechanics in the presence of closed time-like curves pointing out some of its deficiencies and problems.

  5. A different Deutsch-Jozsa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bera, Debajyoti

    2015-06-01

    One of the early achievements of quantum computing was demonstrated by Deutsch and Jozsa (Proc R Soc Lond A Math Phys Sci 439(1907):553, 1992) regarding classification of a particular type of Boolean functions. Their solution demonstrated an exponential speedup compared to classical approaches to the same problem; however, their solution was the only known quantum algorithm for that specific problem so far. This paper demonstrates another quantum algorithm for the same problem, with the same exponential advantage compared to classical algorithms. The novelty of this algorithm is the use of quantum amplitude amplification, a technique that is the key component of another celebrated quantum algorithm developed by Grover (Proceedings of the twenty-eighth annual ACM symposium on theory of computing, ACM Press, New York, 1996). A lower bound for randomized (classical) algorithms is also presented which establishes a sound gap between the effectiveness of our quantum algorithm and that of any randomized algorithm with similar efficiency.

  6. Ich spreche Deutsch: A User's Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glassar, Sheila

    1969-01-01

    The textbook under discussion, "Ich spreche Deutsch" by Heinz Griesbach and Dora Schulz (London-Harlow: Longmans-Hueber, 1966), is intended to be a one-year introduction to German, particularly for less academic pupils and students. (FWB)

  7. Ich spreche Deutsch: A User's Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glassar, Sheila

    1969-01-01

    The textbook under discussion, "Ich spreche Deutsch" by Heinz Griesbach and Dora Schulz (London-Harlow: Longmans-Hueber, 1966), is intended to be a one-year introduction to German, particularly for less academic pupils and students. (FWB)

  8. Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part I, German.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in German for use with "Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part 1" focus on the development of basic skills through the use of short dialogues and structured exercises. The contents of this guide focus on: (1) course description, (2) broad goals and performance objectives,…

  9. Lernen Wir Deutsch!: Part 2, German.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in German for use with "Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part 2" focus on development of basic skills through the use of short dialogues and structured exercises. The grammar of the course includes the study of nouns, pronouns, and verbs. Possessive determiners are…

  10. Health Information in German (Deutsch): MedlinePlus

    MedlinePlus

    ... Tools You Are Here: Home → Multiple Languages → German (Deutsch) URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/german.html Health Information in German (Deutsch) To use the sharing features on this page, ...

  11. Re-Purposing an OER for the Online Language Course: A Case Study of "Deutsch Interaktiv" by the Deutsche Welle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Edward M.; Hondo, Junko

    2014-01-01

    This paper will describe pedagogical approaches for re-purposing an open educational resource (OER) designed and produced by the Deutsche Welle. This free online program, "Deutsch Interaktiv," consists of authentic digital videos, slideshows and audio texts and gives a contemporary overview of the culture and language in Germany, Austria…

  12. Re-Purposing an OER for the Online Language Course: A Case Study of "Deutsch Interaktiv" by the Deutsche Welle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Edward M.; Hondo, Junko

    2014-01-01

    This paper will describe pedagogical approaches for re-purposing an open educational resource (OER) designed and produced by the Deutsche Welle. This free online program, "Deutsch Interaktiv," consists of authentic digital videos, slideshows and audio texts and gives a contemporary overview of the culture and language in Germany, Austria…

  13. Obituary: Lynne Karen Deutsch, 1954-2004

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sprague, Ann L.

    2004-12-01

    It is with deep sadness and regret that we note the passing of our dear friend and colleague Prof. Lynne K. Deutsch. Lynne died on 2 April 2004 after a protracted illness and lengthy battle with complications caused by the blood disease Polycythaemia Vera. Lynne was born in Chicago on 26 November 1956 to Victor and Ailsa Deutsch. She lived with her family in the town of Morton Grove, IL until she was 8 years old, when they moved to Beverly Hills, CA. She was an outgoing child who played basketball and excelled in her studies. She graduated from Beverly Hills High School at the age of 16 after completing all high school requirements in only three years. Lynne had a beautiful singing voice, and was in the chorus in high school and college. Lynne earned her first bachelor's degree in philosophy from the University of California at Berkeley in 1977. She then returned to Berkeley and received a second bachelor's degree, this time in physics, in 1981. She was a graduate student and teaching assistant at MIT and earned an MS in physics from MIT in 1983. Lynne then attended the astronomy graduate program at Harvard University, where she earned her MA in 1985 and PhD in 1990. During her degree studies she began crafting mid-infrared instrumentation. These instruments were destined to be used by a host of eager observers to discover, identify, and study many emissions from the Solar System, and galactic and extragalactic sources. Lynne was a National Research Council Post-doctoral Fellow at NASA Ames Research Center from 1990 - 1992, where she played an important role in the development of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory/University of Arizona Mid-Infrared Array Camera (MIRAC), a well-known and much sought after instrument frequently used in studies of Mercury, Jupiter, the Moon, planetary nebulae, star formation regions, galactic center, young stellar objects, and extragalactic objects. After leaving NASA Ames Research Center, Lynne taught for several years (1993

  14. Remembering Albert deutsch, an advocate for mental health.

    PubMed

    Weiss, Kenneth J

    2011-12-01

    Albert Deutsch, journalist, advocate for the mentally ill, and honorary APA Fellow died 50 years ago. Author of The Mentally Ill in America and The Shame of the States, he believed in the obligation of individuals and institutions to advocate for patients. In 1961, he was in the midst of a vast project to assess the state of the art in psychiatric research. This article recalls aspects of Deutsch's life and work and places him in the historical context of individuals who have shown great compassion for disabled persons.

  15. Kinder Lernen Deutsch. Materials Project Part I. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of Teachers of German.

    The Kinder Lernen Deutsch (LKD) materials evaluation project identifies materials appropriate for the elementary school German classrooms in grades K-8. This guide consists of an annotated bibliography, with ratings, of these materials. The guiding principles by which the materials were assessed were: use of the communicative approach; integration…

  16. Kinder Lernen Deutsch Materials Evaluation Project: Grades K-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of Teachers of German.

    The Kinder Lernen Deutsch (Children Learn German) project, begun in 1987, is designed to promote German as a second language in grades K-8. The project is premised on the idea that the German program will contribute to the total development of the child and the child's personality. Included in this guide are a selection of recommended core…

  17. An Applied Methodology for the Use of "Deutsch, Erstes Buch."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimler, G. Richard

    Discussion of teaching methods used with the text, "Deutsch, Erstes Buch" by Hugo Mueller, focuses on practical approaches to the problem of teaching culture through the spoken language and the use of pattern practice. While concentrating on Chapter Eight, "In der Sommerfrische," discussion is presented in subdivisions characteristic of every…

  18. THE DEUTSCH MODEL--INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENTAL STUDIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York Univ., NY. Inst. for Developmental Studies.

    THE DEUTSCH INTERVENTION MODEL IS BASED ON THE THEORY THAT ENVIRONMENT PLAYS A MAJOR ROLE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE SKILLS AND OF FUNCTIONAL USE OF INTELLECTUAL CAPABILITIES. DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN HAVE INTELLECTUAL DEFICITS WHICH MAY BE OVERCOME BY USE OF MATCHED REMEDIAL MEASURES. LANGUAGE SKILLS AND MOTIVATION CAN BE IMPROVED BY TEACHING…

  19. Quantum Cryptography Based on the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagata, Koji; Nakamura, Tadao; Farouk, Ahmed

    2017-06-01

    Recently, secure quantum key distribution based on Deutsch's algorithm using the Bell state is reported (Nagata and Nakamura, Int. J. Theor. Phys. doi: 10.1007/s10773-017-3352-4, 2017). Our aim is of extending the result to a multipartite system. In this paper, we propose a highly speedy key distribution protocol. We present sequre quantum key distribution based on a special Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm using Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states. Bob has promised to use a function f which is of one of two kinds; either the value of f(x) is constant for all values of x, or else the value of f(x) is balanced, that is, equal to 1 for exactly half of the possible x, and 0 for the other half. Here, we introduce an additional condition to the function when it is balanced. Our quantum key distribution overcomes a classical counterpart by a factor O(2 N ).

  20. Quantum Cryptography Based on the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagata, Koji; Nakamura, Tadao; Farouk, Ahmed

    2017-09-01

    Recently, secure quantum key distribution based on Deutsch's algorithm using the Bell state is reported (Nagata and Nakamura, Int. J. Theor. Phys. doi: 10.1007/s10773-017-3352-4, 2017). Our aim is of extending the result to a multipartite system. In this paper, we propose a highly speedy key distribution protocol. We present sequre quantum key distribution based on a special Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm using Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states. Bob has promised to use a function f which is of one of two kinds; either the value of f( x) is constant for all values of x, or else the value of f( x) is balanced, that is, equal to 1 for exactly half of the possible x, and 0 for the other half. Here, we introduce an additional condition to the function when it is balanced. Our quantum key distribution overcomes a classical counterpart by a factor O(2 N ).

  1. Measurement Theory in Deutsch's Algorithm Based on the Truth Values

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagata, Koji; Nakamura, Tadao

    2016-08-01

    We propose a new measurement theory, in qubits handling, based on the truth values, i.e., the truth T (1) for true and the falsity F (0) for false. The results of measurement are either 0 or 1. To implement Deutsch's algorithm, we need both observability and controllability of a quantum state. The new measurement theory can satisfy these two. Especially, we systematically describe our assertion based on more mathematical analysis using raw data in a thoughtful experiment.

  2. A Journey Through the Universe at the Deutsches Museum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wankerl, B.

    2010-12-01

    Five research institutions in Munich and Garching bei München joined forces in the International Year of Astronomy 2009 to realise a unique exhibition project at the Deutsches Museum. The exhibition is called Evolution of the Universe and invites visitors to take a tour through time, beginning 13.7 billion years ago with the Big Bang and finishing with a glimpse into the future of the Universe. En route visitors learn how space, time, matter and the large structures in space have formed. The exhibition combines findings from astronomy, astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics in order to present the history of cosmos from different perspectives.

  3. Developing the Deutsch Hayden approach to quantum mechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hewitt-Horsman, C.; Vedral, V.

    2007-05-01

    The formalism of Deutsch and Hayden is a useful tool for describing quantum mechanics explicitly as local and unitary, and therefore quantum information theory as concerning a 'flow' of information between systems. In this paper we show that these physical descriptions of flow are unique, and develop the approach further to include the measurement interaction and mixed states. We then give an analysis of entanglement swapping in this approach, showing that it does not in fact contain either nonlocal effects or any form of superluminal signalling.

  4. Implementing the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm with macroscopic ensembles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Semenenko, Henry; Byrnes, Tim

    2016-05-01

    Quantum computing implementations under consideration today typically deal with systems with microscopic degrees of freedom such as photons, ions, cold atoms, and superconducting circuits. The quantum information is stored typically in low-dimensional Hilbert spaces such as qubits, as quantum effects are strongest in such systems. It has, however, been demonstrated that quantum effects can be observed in mesoscopic and macroscopic systems, such as nanomechanical systems and gas ensembles. While few-qubit quantum information demonstrations have been performed with such macroscopic systems, a quantum algorithm showing exponential speedup over classical algorithms is yet to be shown. Here, we show that the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm can be implemented with macroscopic ensembles. The encoding that we use avoids the detrimental effects of decoherence that normally plagues macroscopic implementations. We discuss two mapping procedures which can be chosen depending upon the constraints of the oracle and the experiment. Both methods have an exponential speedup over the classical case, and only require control of the ensembles at the level of the total spin of the ensembles. It is shown that both approaches reproduce the qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm, and are robust under decoherence.

  5. Unifying parameter estimation and the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm for continuous variables

    SciTech Connect

    Zwierz, Marcin; Perez-Delgado, Carlos A.; Kok, Pieter

    2010-10-15

    We reveal a close relationship between quantum metrology and the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on continuous-variable quantum systems. We develop a general procedure, characterized by two parameters, that unifies parameter estimation and the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm. Depending on which parameter we keep constant, the procedure implements either the parameter-estimation protocol or the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm. The parameter-estimation part of the procedure attains the Heisenberg limit and is therefore optimal. Due to the use of approximate normalizable continuous-variable eigenstates, the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm is probabilistic. The procedure estimates a value of an unknown parameter and solves the Deutsch-Jozsa problem without the use of any entanglement.

  6. Deutsch's CTC Model and its Implications for the Foundations of Quantum Theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunlap, Lucas

    This dissertation is an exploration of several issues surrounding David Deutsch's CTC model first introduced in his 1991 paper "Quantum Mechanics Near Closed Timelike Lines". Deutsch developed his model to account for the effects of quantum theory, which had been left out of classical discussions of time travel paradoxes. Deutsch's formulation of his model in terms of quantum computational circuits lends itself to being adopted in the quantum information community. The dissertation argues that the adoption of the D-CTC model entails the existence of Nonlocal Signaling, which is in conflict with a fundamental principle of the quantum information approach. In order to motivate this argument, in Chapter 2 I introduce a distinction between Nonlocal Signaling, and Superluminal Information Transfer. In the latter case, a carrier of information physically traverses the space between the distant communicating parties faster than the speed of light. Exploiting quantum entanglement to signal, however, need not have this feature. I term this Nonlocal Signaling. Chapter 3 is where I present the argument that D-CTCs entail Nonlocal Signaling, and examine the controversy surrounding this and related results. I argue that the resistance to these kinds of predictions in the literature is motivated by a commitment to the principles of quantum information theory, which are inappropriately applied here. Chapters 4 and 5 examine details of Deutsch's model. Chapter 4 argues that it presupposes a significant metaphysical picture that, when explicitly stated, makes a much less comfortable fit between D-CTCs and quantum information theory. Chapter 5 argues that, because of Deutsch's commitment to this metaphysical picture, he is committed to the existence of physical situations that are in every way indistinguishable from the paradoxes he attempts to rule out by adopting the model in the first place. In Chapter 6, I make some observations about the relationship between the quantum

  7. Graphene-based room-temperature implementation of a modified Deutsch-Jozsa quantum algorithm.

    PubMed

    Dragoman, Daniela; Dragoman, Mircea

    2015-12-04

    We present an implementation of a one-qubit and two-qubit modified Deutsch-Jozsa quantum algorithm based on graphene ballistic devices working at room temperature. The modified Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm decides whether a function, equivalent to the effect of an energy potential distribution on the wave function of ballistic charge carriers, is constant or not, without measuring the output wave function. The function need not be Boolean. Simulations confirm that the algorithm works properly, opening the way toward quantum computing at room temperature based on the same clean-room technologies as those used for fabrication of very-large-scale integrated circuits.

  8. Two Thematic Units for the Middle School Curriculum: An Initiative by the "Kinder lernen Deutsch" Steering Committee's Writing Team

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busch, Iris; Freimann-Cavanaugh, Corinna; Eichler, Ester

    2009-01-01

    The Kinder lernen Deutsch Committee (KLD) is a standing committee of the AATG that has existed since 1987 and that was originally charged to support the advocacy of German in grades K-8. With generous funding by the Standige Arbeitsgruppe Deutsch als Fremdsprache (StADaF) from the German government and the Goethe-Institut, the Kinder lernen…

  9. Two Thematic Units for the Middle School Curriculum: An Initiative by the "Kinder lernen Deutsch" Steering Committee's Writing Team

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busch, Iris; Freimann-Cavanaugh, Corinna; Eichler, Ester

    2009-01-01

    The Kinder lernen Deutsch Committee (KLD) is a standing committee of the AATG that has existed since 1987 and that was originally charged to support the advocacy of German in grades K-8. With generous funding by the Standige Arbeitsgruppe Deutsch als Fremdsprache (StADaF) from the German government and the Goethe-Institut, the Kinder lernen…

  10. Scalable method for demonstrating the Deutsch-Jozsa and Bernstein-Vazirani algorithms using cluster states

    SciTech Connect

    Tame, M. S.; Kim, M. S.

    2010-09-15

    We show that fundamental versions of the Deutsch-Jozsa and Bernstein-Vazirani quantum algorithms can be performed using a small entangled cluster state resource of only six qubits. We then investigate the minimal resource states needed to demonstrate general n-qubit versions and a scalable method to produce them. For this purpose, we propose a versatile photonic on-chip setup.

  11. The Place of "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache" in the German Curriculum. A Report of a Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Gerd K.

    The "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache," an examination developed by the Adult Education Centers in West Germany and the Goethe Institute to measure a student's proficiency in German as a foreign language, consists of two main parts, group testing and individual testing. The group testing section covers listening and reading…

  12. Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and the Oral Proficiency Interview: A Comparison of Test Scores and Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lalande, John F.; Schweckendiek, Jurgen

    1986-01-01

    Investigates what correlations might exist between an individual's score on the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and on the Oral Proficiency Interview. The tests themselves are briefly described. Results indicate that the two tests appear to correlate well in their evaluation of speaking skills. (SED)

  13. 75 FR 8117 - Prohibited Transaction Exemptions and Grant of Individual Exemptions involving: 2010-01; Deutsche...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ... Conditions (a) At the time the foreign exchange transaction is entered into, the terms of the transaction are... or below) the interbank bid and asked rates for such currency at the time of the transaction as.... Section III. Notice Requirements (a) At the time Deutsche Bank or its affiliate is retained as...

  14. Demonstration of Deutsch's algorithm on a stable linear optical quantum computer

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang Pei; Liu Ruifeng; Gao Hong; Li Fuli; Huang Yunfeng

    2010-12-15

    We report an experimental demonstration of quantum Deutsch's algorithm using a linear-optical system. By employing photon polarization and spatial modes, we implement all balanced and constant functions for a quantum computer. The experimental system is very stable, and the experimental data are in excellent accordance with the theoretical results.

  15. Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and the Oral Proficiency Interview: A Comparison of Test Scores and Examinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lalande, John F.; Schweckendiek, Jurgen

    1986-01-01

    Investigates what correlations might exist between an individual's score on the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and on the Oral Proficiency Interview. The tests themselves are briefly described. Results indicate that the two tests appear to correlate well in their evaluation of speaking skills. (SED)

  16. The Place of "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache" in the German Curriculum. A Report of a Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Gerd K.

    The "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache," an examination developed by the Adult Education Centers in West Germany and the Goethe Institute to measure a student's proficiency in German as a foreign language, consists of two main parts, group testing and individual testing. The group testing section covers listening and reading…

  17. Quantum computation with classical light: Implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perez-Garcia, Benjamin; McLaren, Melanie; Goyal, Sandeep K.; Hernandez-Aranda, Raul I.; Forbes, Andrew; Konrad, Thomas

    2016-05-01

    We propose an optical implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using classical light in a binary decision-tree scheme. Our approach uses a ring cavity and linear optical devices in order to efficiently query the oracle functional values. In addition, we take advantage of the intrinsic Fourier transforming properties of a lens to read out whether the function given by the oracle is balanced or constant.

  18. Experimental realization of Deutsch's algorithm in a one-way quantum computer.

    PubMed

    Tame, M S; Prevedel, R; Paternostro, M; Böhi, P; Kim, M S; Zeilinger, A

    2007-04-06

    We report the first experimental demonstration of an all-optical one-way implementation of Deutsch's quantum algorithm on a four-qubit cluster state. All the possible configurations of a balanced or constant function acting on a two-qubit register are realized within the measurement-based model for quantum computation. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with the theoretical model, therefore demonstrating the successful performance of the algorithm.

  19. Scheme for implementing the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm in cavity QED

    SciTech Connect

    Zheng Shibiao

    2004-09-01

    We propose a scheme for realizing the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm in cavity QED. The scheme is based on the resonant interaction of atoms with a cavity mode. The required experimental techniques are within the scope of what can be obtained in the microwave cavity QED setup. The experimental implementation of the scheme would be an important step toward more complex quantum computation in cavity QED.

  20. [CME activities of medical journals: quality of multiple-choice questions as evaluation tool. Using the example of the German medical journals Deutsches Arzteblatt, Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, and Der Internist].

    PubMed

    Kühne-Eversmann, Lisa; Nussbaum, Claudia; Reincke, Martin; Fischer, Martin R

    2007-12-15

    The participation of doctors in Continuing Medical Education (CME) activities provided by medical journals increases. Therefore, their quality and efficacy need to be evaluated. This study evaluated the quality of the multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as evaluation tool of CME activities in three German medical journals (Der Internist, Deutsches Arzteblatt, Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift). In total, 390 MCQs were reviewed using evidence-based principles of effective item writing. The content quality of the MCQs was not evaluated in this study. 264 (67.7%) of 390 MCQs contained flaws with 449 flaws in total. The proportion of flawed items was 60.8% in Deutsches Arzteblatt, 63.3% in Der Internist, and 77.9% in Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift. The most frequent flaws were clues (33.8%, Deutsches Arzteblatt), negatively worded stems (29.8%, Der Internist), and unfocused stems (24.7%, Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift). SCHLUSSFOLGERUNG: The problem of formal flaws in MCQs has an extensive relevance, as seen by the large number of studies related to this topic. The frequency of flaws (67.7%) was similar to recent studies. The distribution of the flaws suggests that with minor editing the quality of the MCQs could be substantially improved. The use of high-quality evaluation tools is essential to invalidate the accusation of the trivialization of CME activities, irrespective of their social context.

  1. Efficient classical simulation of the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's algorithms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johansson, Niklas; Larsson, Jan-Åke

    2017-09-01

    A long-standing aim of quantum information research is to understand what gives quantum computers their advantage. This requires separating problems that need genuinely quantum resources from those for which classical resources are enough. Two examples of quantum speed-up are the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's problem, both efficiently solvable on a quantum Turing machine, and both believed to lack efficient classical solutions. Here we present a framework that can simulate both quantum algorithms efficiently, solving the Deutsch-Jozsa problem with probability 1 using only one oracle query, and Simon's problem using linearly many oracle queries, just as expected of an ideal quantum computer. The presented simulation framework is in turn efficiently simulatable in a classical probabilistic Turing machine. This shows that the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's problem do not require any genuinely quantum resources, and that the quantum algorithms show no speed-up when compared with their corresponding classical simulation. Finally, this gives insight into what properties are needed in the two algorithms and calls for further study of oracle separation between quantum and classical computation.

  2. Deutsches "Nationales Krebshilfe-Monitoring" 2015-2019 - Studienprotokoll und erste Ergebnisse.

    PubMed

    Schneider, Sven; Görig, Tatiana; Schilling, Laura; Breitbart, Eckhard W; Greinert, Rüdiger; Diehl, Katharina

    2017-09-01

    Das Projekt "Nationales Krebshilfe-Monitoring zur Solariennutzung" (National Cancer Aid Monitoring of Tanning Bed Use, NCAM) ist eine deutsche Großstudie mit dem Ziel, die wichtigsten Risikofaktoren für Hautkrebs zu beobachten: natürliches Sonnenlicht und künstliche UV-Strahlung. NCAM ist eine bundesweite Querschnittstudie mit zunächst vier Runden der Datenerfassung (sogenannten Wellen) zwischen 2015 und 2018. Jedes Jahr wird eine bundesweit repräsentative Stichprobe aus 3.000 Personen im Alter von 14 bis 45 Jahren befragt. Die Querschnittsbefragung wird durch eine Kohorte von n = 450 aktuellen Solariennutzern ergänzt. Die erste Welle im Jahr 2015 ergab eine Gesamtprävalenz der Solariennutzung von 29,5 %. Elf Prozent aller Teilnehmer hatten in den vergangenen zwölf Monaten ein Solarium genutzt. Zu den Determinanten der aktuellen Solariennutzung gehörten jüngeres Alter, weibliches Geschlecht und Vollzeit-/Teilzeitbeschäftigung. Die hauptsächlichen Beweggründe, die für die Nutzung eines Solariums genannt wurden, waren Entspannung und Attraktivitätssteigerung. NCAM ist weltweit die erste Studie zur Überwachung der Risikofaktoren für Hautkrebs in jährlichen Intervallen anhand einer großen, landesweit repräsentativen Stichprobe. Erste Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass Millionen Deutsche trotz Warnungen der WHO Solarien nutzen, und dass viele dieser Nutzer Jugendliche sind - trotz gesetzlicher Beschränkungen, die das Ziel haben, die Nutzung von Solarien durch Minderjährige zu verhindern. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Do consumers have the right to drink healthy wine? An appraisal of the Deutsches Weintor case.

    PubMed

    Inglese, Marco

    2013-09-01

    This article seeks to appraise the development that the Deutsches Weintor case will bring to EU law concerning health protection. The analysis will be carried out by highlighting the structure and the aims of Regulation no. 1924/2006/EC in order to assess its role in the construction of health as a fundamental right. Furthermore, attention will be devoted to how this judgment could affect the general theory behind fundamental rights and how it is placed in relation to the settled case law of the Court.

  4. Implementing Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm using light shifts and atomic ensembles

    SciTech Connect

    Dasgupta, Shubhrangshu; Biswas, Asoka; Agarwal, G.S.

    2005-01-01

    We present an optical scheme to implement the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm using ac Stark shifts. The scheme uses an atomic ensemble consisting of four-level atoms interacting dispersively with a field. This leads to a Hamiltonian in the atom-field basis which is quite suitable for quantum computation. We show how one can implement the algorithm by performing proper one- and two-qubit operations. We emphasize that in our model the decoherence is expected to be minimal due to our usage of atomic ground states and freely propagating photon.

  5. Experimental realization of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm with a six-qubit cluster state

    SciTech Connect

    Vallone, Giuseppe; Donati, Gaia; Bruno, Natalia; Chiuri, Andrea; Mataloni, Paolo

    2010-05-15

    We describe an experimental realization of the Deutsch-Jozsa quantum algorithm to evaluate the properties of a two-bit Boolean function in the framework of one-way quantum computation. For this purpose, a two-photon six-qubit cluster state was engineered. Its peculiar topological structure is the basis of the original measurement pattern allowing the algorithm realization. The good agreement of the experimental results with the theoretical predictions, obtained at {approx}1 kHz success rate, demonstrates the correct implementation of the algorithm.

  6. Experimental demonstration of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm in homonuclear multispin systems

    SciTech Connect

    Wu Zhen; Luo Jun; Feng Mang; Li Jun; Zheng Wenqiang; Peng Xinhua

    2011-10-15

    Despite early experimental tests of the Deutsch-Jozsa (DJ) algorithm, there have been only a very few nontrivial balanced functions tested for register number n>3. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate the DJ algorithm in four- and five-qubit homonuclear spin systems by the nuclear-magnetic-resonance technique, by which we encode the one function evaluation into a long shaped pulse with the application of the gradient ascent algorithm. Our work, dramatically reducing the accumulated errors due to gate imperfections and relaxation, demonstrates a better implementation of the DJ algorithm.

  7. Braiding of Atomic Majorana Fermions in Wire Networks and Implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kraus, Christina V.; Zoller, P.; Baranov, Mikhail A.

    2013-11-01

    We propose an efficient protocol for braiding Majorana fermions realized as edge states in atomic wire networks, and demonstrate its robustness against experimentally relevant errors. The braiding of two Majorana fermions located on one side of two adjacent wires requires only a few local operations on this side which can be implemented using local site addressing available in current experiments with cold atoms and molecules. Based on this protocol we provide an experimentally feasible implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm for two qubits in a topologically protected way.

  8. Deterministic implementations of single-photon multi-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithms with linear optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Hai-Rui; Liu, Ji-Zhen

    2017-02-01

    It is very important to seek an efficient and robust quantum algorithm demanding less quantum resources. We propose one-photon three-qubit original and refined Deutsch-Jozsa algorithms with polarization and two linear momentums degrees of freedom (DOFs). Our schemes are constructed by solely using linear optics. Compared to the traditional ones with one DOF, our schemes are more economic and robust because the necessary photons are reduced from three to one. Our linear-optic schemes are working in a determinate way, and they are feasible with current experimental technology.

  9. Discrimination of unitary transformations in the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm: Implications for thermal-equilibrium-ensemble implementations

    SciTech Connect

    Collins, David

    2010-05-15

    A general framework for regarding oracle-assisted quantum algorithms as tools for discriminating among unitary transformations is described. This framework is applied to the Deutsch-Jozsa problem and all possible quantum algorithms which solve the problem with certainty using oracle unitaries in a particular form are derived. It is also used to show that any quantum algorithm that solves the Deutsch-Jozsa problem starting with a quantum system in a particular class of initial, thermal equilibrium-based states of the type encountered in solution-state NMR can only succeed with greater probability than a classical algorithm when the problem size n exceeds {approx}10{sup 5}.

  10. Single qudit realization of the Deutsch algorithm using superconducting many-level quantum circuits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiktenko, E. O.; Fedorov, A. K.; Strakhov, A. A.; Man'ko, V. I.

    2015-07-01

    Design of a large-scale quantum computer has paramount importance for science and technologies. We investigate a scheme for realization of quantum algorithms using noncomposite quantum systems, i.e., systems without subsystems. In this framework, n artificially allocated "subsystems" play a role of qubits in n-qubits quantum algorithms. With focus on two-qubit quantum algorithms, we demonstrate a realization of the universal set of gates using a d = 5 single qudit state. Manipulation with an ancillary level in the systems allows effective implementation of operators from U(4) group via operators from SU(5) group. Using a possible experimental realization of such systems through anharmonic superconducting many-level quantum circuits, we present a blueprint for a single qudit realization of the Deutsch algorithm, which generalizes previously studied realization based on the virtual spin representation (Kessel et al., 2002 [9]).

  11. Amerikas Einschätzung der deutschen Atomforschung: Das deutsche Uranprojekt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walker, Mark

    2002-07-01

    Die amerikanischen Wissenschaftler und ihre emigrierten Kollegen, die am Bau der Atombombe beteiligt waren, verfügten über sehr widersprüchliche und großteils falsche Informationen über den Fortschritt des deutschen Uranprogramms. Noch nach Kriegsende lässt sich dies an Aussagen des Leiters der amerikanischen Alsos-Mission, Samuel Goudsmit, festmachen. Tatsächlich war das deutsche Programm hinsichtlich seiner wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen und des Managements nicht so unterlegen, wie vielfach behauptet wurde. Aber die deutschen Behörden waren nicht in der Lage, Geld und Ressourcen in gleichem Maße in das Uranprojekt zu investieren, wie etwa in das Peenemünder Raketenprojekt.

  12. An Inconvenient History: the Nuclear-Fission Display in the Deutsches Museum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sime, Ruth Lewin

    2010-06-01

    One of the longstanding attractions of the Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany, has been its display of the apparatus associated with the discovery of nuclear fission. Although the discovery involved three scientists, Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner, and Fritz Strassmann, the fission display was designated for over 30 years as the Arbeitstisch von Otto Hahn (Otto Hahn’s Worktable), with Strassmann mentioned peripherally and Meitner not at all, and it was not until the early 1990s that the display was revised to include all three codiscoverers more equitably. I examine the creation of the fission display in the context of the postwar German culture of silencing the National Socialist past, and trace the eventual transformation of the display into a contemporary exhibit that more accurately represents the scientific history of the fission discovery.

  13. NMR tomography of the three-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mangold, Oliver; Heidebrecht, Andreas; Mehring, Michael

    2004-10-01

    The optimized version of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm proposed by Collins was implemented using the three F19 nuclear spins of 2,3,4-trifluoroaniline as qubits. To emulate the behavior of pure quantum-mechanical states pseudopure states of the ensemble were prepared prior to execution of the algorithm. Full tomography of the density matrix was employed to obtain detailed information about initial, intermediate, and final states. Information, thus obtained, was applied to optimize the pulse sequences used. It is shown that substantial improvement of the fidelity of the preparation may be achieved by compensating the effects caused by the different relaxation behavior of the different substates of the density matrix. All manipulations of the quantum states were performed under the conditions of unresolved spin-spin interactions.

  14. Social Psychological Consequences of Interpersonal Relations: A Confirmatory Approach to Testing Deutsch's Theory of Cooperation and Conflict Resolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Quahwu

    This study tested M. Deutsch's theory of cooperation and conflict resolution using an intervention project at an inner city alternative high school in New York City. The study was designed to test the theory by confirmatory structural modeling and by evaluating the intervention. The procedure involved a pre- and post-test procedure administered…

  15. Deutsch Durch Audio-Visuelle Methode: An Audio-Lingual-Oral Approach to the Teaching of German.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson Public Schools, ND. Instructional Media Center.

    This teaching guide, designed to accompany Chilton's "Deutsch Durch Audio-Visuelle Methode" for German 1 and 2 in a three-year secondary school program, focuses major attention on the operational plan of the program and a student orientation unit. A section on teaching a unit discusses four phases: (1) presentation, (2) explanation, (3)…

  16. 77 FR 56199 - Deutsche Bank Energy Trading LLC; Notice of Designation of Commission Staff as Non-Decisional

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Deutsche Bank Energy Trading LLC; Notice of Designation of Commission Staff as Non-Decisional With respect to an order issued by the Commission on September 5, 2012 in the above-captioned docket, with the...

  17. Insights and Perspectives into Durable Mechanical Circulatory Support with Continuous Flow Technology from the Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin.

    PubMed

    Pagani, Francis D

    Professor Hetzer and colleagues at the Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin describe their experience with continuous flow rotary blood pumps beginning in 1998. The Berlin team has implanted 10 different pumps in 908 patients, acquiring a unique and concentrated experience with important insights into the management of patients supported with this technology.

  18. Die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft in der Weimarer Republik und während der Nazidiktatur

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilke, Jürgen

    Nach anfänglichen Schwierigkeiten durch den 1. Weltkrieg erlangte die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft (DStatG) unter dem renommierten Statistiker und Vorsitzenden der DStatG, Friedrich Zahn, durch eine Vielzahl von Aktivitäten hohes Ansehen. Es gab Bestrebungen, Statistiker aus allen Arbeitsfeldern der Statistik in die DStatG zu integrieren, wobei die "Mathematische Statistik" nur zögerlich akzeptiert wurde (Konjunkturforschung, Zeitreihenanalyse). Nach der Machtübernahme 1933 durch Adolf Hitler geriet die DStatG in das Fahrwasser nationalsozialistischer Ideologie und Politik (Führerprinzip, Gleichschaltung des Vereinswesens). Damit war eine personelle Umstrukturierung in der DStatG verbunden. Politisch Missliebige und rassisch Verfolgte mussten die DStatG verlassen (Bernstein, Freudenberg, Gumbel u.a.). Unter den Statistikern gab es alle Abstufungen im Verhalten zum Regime von Ablehnung und zwangsweiser Anpassung über bereitwilliges Mitläufertum bis zu bewusster Täterschaft. Besonders die Bevölkerungsstatistik wurde durch die NS- Rassenpolitik auf lange Sicht diskreditiert. Im Rahmen von Wirtschaftsplanung und Aufrüstung wurden neue zukunftsträchtige statistische Modelle (Grünig, Bramstedt, Leisse) entwickelt.

  19. Identification of bacterial strains by laboratories participating in the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum quality assurance programme.

    PubMed

    Boot, R; Reubsaet, F A G

    2007-10-01

    The quality assurance programme (QAP) of the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ) is a proficiency testing system developed to service the laboratory animal discipline. QAP comprises the quarterly distribution of two bacterial strains originating from various species of animals for identification to the species level and antibiotic susceptibility testing. We compared identification results reported by QAP participants over the years 1996-2004 with those obtained by the Dutch Bacterial Diagnostics reference laboratory on 68 samples comprising 71 bacterial strains and a fungus. Significant differences were found in the frequency of reported and correct identifications when bacteria were assigned to different groups based on morphology by Gram stain and on origin (animal versus environmental, rodent and rabbit versus other animal species, pathogen versus non-pathogens). Rodent and rabbit pathogens yielded 73% correct identifications, and with all bacterial strains only 60% of the identifications were correct. We assume that most QAP participants were from laboratory animal diagnostic laboratories. If this is true, the capabilities of laboratories in the laboratory animal discipline to correctly identify bacterial species are well below what are considered acceptable limits for human diagnostic laboratories. The distribution of cultured bacteria circumvents the most difficult step in the microbiological monitoring of animals, namely primary culture from clinical samples. We propose to set up a QAP that comprises the distribution of specimens mimicking clinical samples normally submitted to laboratory animal diagnostic laboratories.

  20. Implementation schemes in NMR of quantum processors and the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm by using virtual spin representation

    SciTech Connect

    Kessel, Alexander R.; Yakovleva, Natalia M.

    2002-12-01

    Schemes of experimental realization of the main two-qubit processors for quantum computers and the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm are derived in virtual spin representation. The results are applicable for every four quantum states allowing the required properties for quantum processor implementation if for qubit encoding, virtual spin representation is used. A four-dimensional Hilbert space of nuclear spin 3/2 is considered in detail for this aim.

  1. Experimental implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm for three-qubit functions using pure coherent molecular superpositions

    SciTech Connect

    Vala, Jiri; Kosloff, Ronnie; Amitay, Zohar; Zhang Bo; Leone, Stephen R.

    2002-12-01

    The Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm is experimentally demonstrated for three-qubit functions using pure coherent superpositions of Li{sub 2} rovibrational eigenstates. The function's character, either constant or balanced, is evaluated by first imprinting the function, using a phase-shaped femtosecond pulse, on a coherent superposition of the molecular states, and then projecting the superposition onto an ionic final state, using a second femtosecond pulse at a specific time delay.

  2. Quantum computers and reality: Deutsch's anti-positivist campaign for explanations-in-general, apart from his Many Worlds Interpretation.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Donnell, Thomas W.

    2002-04-01

    David Deutsch (Oxford University) is known for ``Deutsch's algorithmm"---for going beyond the initial ideas about quantum computing (QC) of Benioff, Bennett and Feynman, to describe a quantum Turing machine, and sparking today's widespread experimental research to actually build one. Deutsch does not accept the standard Copenhagen Interpretation (CI) of quantum mechanics (QM); he supports the Many Worlds Interpretation (MWI) and credits it for his insights. In his book, The Fabric of Reality, and numerous articles and talks, he argues that the the adoption of the MWI is phnecessary for making the advances required for quantum computing. His argues that physicists must resolutely take a ``realistic" viewpoint to its logical conclusions, and, that the MWI is phthe realistic theory. In response to ubiquitous assertions by the majority of physicists that ``both systems give the same numbers," and ``all physics does (or can do) is to predict the outcome of experiments," he argues strenuously for the importance of explanations in quantum physics, and to scientific progress in general. Hence, I argue that there are two, reasonably separable, layers here: (i) opposition to positivist and instrumentalist arguments against the validity and/or value of phany explanation(s) phas such, and (ii) an argument about just what is the correct explanation: the MWI over the CI. While establishing the validity of (i) may possibly undermine CI's spirit, nevertheless (i) can be strongly validated independent from complicatons of an overlap with issues of the interpretation of QM. I develop some simple, historical contradictions regarding point (i), (without passing judgement on Deutsch's MWI or involving the CI). For example, the majority viewpoint identifies its seemingly ``non- philosophical" and non-``methaphysical" mindset as archtypically ``scientific", while seemingly quite unaware of the theoretical difficuties with positivist notions of truth, such as the fact that the foundations

  3. The metaphysics of D-CTCs: On the underlying assumptions of Deutsch's quantum solution to the paradoxes of time travel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunlap, Lucas

    2016-11-01

    I argue that Deutsch's model for the behavior of systems traveling around closed timelike curves (CTCs) relies implicitly on a substantive metaphysical assumption. Deutsch is employing a version of quantum theory with a significantly supplemented ontology of parallel existent worlds, which differ in kind from the many worlds of the Everett interpretation. Standard Everett does not support the existence of multiple identical copies of the world, which the D-CTC model requires. This has been obscured because he often refers to the branching structure of Everett as a "multiverse", and describes quantum interference by reference to parallel interacting definite worlds. But he admits that this is only an approximation to Everett. The D-CTC model, however, relies crucially on the existence of a multiverse of parallel interacting worlds. Since his model is supplemented by structures that go significantly beyond quantum theory, and play an ineliminable role in its predictions and explanations, it does not represent a quantum solution to the paradoxes of time travel.

  4. International Seminar on Curriculum Development for Basic Education Programmes. (Berlin, West Germany, June 12-21, 1978). Final Report. DSE [Deutsche Stiftung fur internationale Entwicklung] Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahler, David, Ed.

    This report presents the proceedings of a 1978 international seminar held in Berlin which was convened by the German Foundation for International Development (Deutsche Stiftung fur internationale Entwicklung) in cooperation with Teheran's International Institute for Adult Literacy Methods. The designated purpose of the seminar was to examine…

  5. Deutsches SOFIA Institut (DSI) at the SOFIA Science Center: engineering and scientific contributions to the airborne observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolf, Jürgen; Colditz, Sebastian; Lachenmann, Michael; Pfüller, Enrico; Schindler, Karsten; Wiedemann, Manuel; Zinnecker, Hans; Krabbe, Alfred

    2016-09-01

    The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a 2.5-meter infrared telescope built into a Boeing 747SP. In 2014 SOFIA reached its "Full Operational Capability" milestone and nowadays takes off about three times a week to observe the infrared sky from altitudes above most of the atmosphere's water vapor content. Despite reaching this major milestone, efforts to improve the observatory's performance are continuing in many areas. The team of the Deutsches SOFIA Institut, DSI (German SOFIA Institute) at the SOFIA Science Center in Moffett Field, CA works in several engineering areas to improve the observatory's performance and its efficiency. DSI supports the allocation process of SOFIA's observation time for guest observers, provides and supports two facility science instruments and conducts an observing program of stellar occultations by small objects of the solar system. This paper summarizes results and ongoing work on a spare secondary mirror made of aluminum, the new and improved Focal Plane Imager (FPI+) that has become a facility science instrument, the Field-Imaging Far-Infrared Line Spectrometer (FIFI-LS), new cameras and optics for the Fine Field and Wide Field Imagers (FFI+ and WFI+), real-time astrometric solution of star field images, ground support equipment and astronomical observations.

  6. Frequent major errors in antimicrobial susceptibility testing of bacterial strains distributed under the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum Quality Assurance Program.

    PubMed

    Boot, R

    2012-07-01

    The Quality Assurance Program (QAP) of the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ) was a proficiency testing system developed to service the laboratory animal discipline. The QAP comprised the distribution of bacterial strains from various species of animals for identification to species level and antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST). Identification capabilities were below acceptable standards. This study evaluated AST results using the DKFZ compilations of test results for all bacterial strains showing the number of participants reporting the strain as resistant (R), sensitive (S) or intermediate susceptible (I) to each antibiotic substance used. Due to lack of information about methods used, it was assumed that what the majority of the participants reported (R or S) was the correct test result and that an opposite result was a major error (ME). MEs occurred in 1375 of 14,258 (9.7%) of test results and ME% ranged from 0% to 23.2% per bacterial group-agent group combination. Considerable variation in MEs was found within groups of bacteria and within groups of agents. In addition to poor performance in proper species classification, the quality of AST in laboratory animal diagnostic laboratories seems far below standards considered acceptable in human diagnostic microbiology.

  7. Deutsch 100, 200, 300.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    Manitoba's curriculum guide for German 100, 200, and 300 is designed to (1) make teachers of these courses aware of the official policy concerning the nature, goals, and objectives of the courses and approved teaching materials, and (2) provide instructional guidelines. The guide provides information about three sets of teaching materials from…

  8. Deutsch 100, 200, 300.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    Manitoba's curriculum guide for German 100, 200, and 300 is designed to (1) make teachers of these courses aware of the official policy concerning the nature, goals, and objectives of the courses and approved teaching materials, and (2) provide instructional guidelines. The guide provides information about three sets of teaching materials from…

  9. Deutsch 7-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    The Manitoba Department of Education's curriculum guide to German instruction in grades 7 through 9 presents the approved curriculum, makes recommendations for its implementation, and provides information about sets of teaching materials from which teachers can make appropriate selections. The guide outlines the rationale for the curriculur and…

  10. Shaping the System - The DRG Evaluation Project of the German Society for Gynaecology and Obstetrics (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, DGGG).

    PubMed

    Fiori, W; Renner, S P; Siam, K; Babapirali, J; Roeder, N; Dausch, E; Hildebrandt, T; Hillemanns, P; Nehmzow, M; Zygmunt, M; Piroth, D; Schem, C; Schwenzer, T; Friese, K; Wallwiener, D; Beckmann, M W

    2013-08-01

    Introduction: The German DRG system is annually adapted to the changing services provided. For the further development, the self-governing body and its DRG Institute (InEK) depend on participation of the users. Methods: For one of the DRG evaluation projects initiated by DGGG, cost and performance data for the year 2011 from 16 hospitals were available. After plausibility checks and corrections, analyses for service and cost homogeneity were performed. In cases of inadequate DRG-representation attributes were sought that would make an appropriate reimbursement possible. Conspicuities and potential solutions were checked for clinical plausibility. Results: 44 concrete modification proposals for further development of the G-DRG system were formulated and submitted in due time to the InEK. In addition, 3 modification proposals were addressed to the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (Deutsches Institut für Medizinische Dokumentation und Information, DIMDI) for further development of the diagnosis classification ICD-10-GM. For all modification proposals care was taken to minimise misdirected incentives and to reduce the potential for disputes with the cost bearers and their auditors services in settlements. Discussion: The publication of the G-DRG system 2014 shows which modification proposals have been realised. Essentially, an appropriate redistribution of the resources among the gynaecological and obstetrics departments is to be expected. The financial pressure that is caused by the generally inadequate financing of hospitals will not be reduced by a further development of the G-DRG system.

  11. Event-related potentials elicited by the Deutsch "high-low" word illusion in the patients with first-episode schizophrenia with auditory hallucinations.

    PubMed

    Xu, You; Chai, Hao; Zhang, Bingren; Gao, Qianqian; Fan, Hongying; Zheng, Leilei; Mao, Hongjing; Zhang, Yonghua; Wang, Wei

    2016-02-18

    The exact cerebral structural and functional mechanisms under the auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in schizophrenia are still unclear. The Deutsch "high-low" word illusion might trigger attentional responses mimicking those under AVHs. We therefore have invited 16 patients with first-episode, paranoid schizophrenia, and 16 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers to undergo the "oddball" event-related potentials elicited by the illusion. The clinical characteristics of patients were measured with the positive and negative symptom scale. Besides the longer reaction time to the illusion, the standard P2 latency was shortened, the N2 latency was prolonged, and both N1 and P3 amplitudes were reduced in patients. The P3 source analyses showed the activated bilateral temporal lobes, parietal lobe and cingulate cortex in both groups, left inferior temporal gyrus in controls, and left postcentral gyrus in schizophrenia. Moreover, the N1 amplitude was positively correlated with the paranoid score in patients. Our results were in line with previous neurophysiological and neuroimaging reports of hallucination or auditory processing in schizophrenia, and illustrated a whole process of cerebral information processing from N1 to P3, indicating this illusion had triggered a dynamic cerebral response similar to that of the AVHs had engaged.

  12. Changes in hormones, metabolites, and milk after treatment with sometribove (recombinant methionyl bST) in Deutsches Fleckvieh and German black and white cows.

    PubMed

    Schams, D; Graf, F; Meyer, J; Graule, B; Mauthner, M; Wollny, C

    1991-04-01

    Twelve second-lactation Deutsches Fleckvieh cows, (FV, a dual-purpose breed) and 12 German Black and White (BW, a dairy breed) were used to evaluate similarities and differences in the response to a prolonged-release formulation of sometribove (N-methionyl bovine somatotropin, bST). Cows were milked twice daily and fed a basic diet (70% corn silage, 30% alfalfa hay) ad libitum plus 1 kg of concentrate. Additionally, concentrates and supplements were offered at the rate of 1 kg for each 22 kg of milk produced above 12 kg/d. Six cows of each breed were treated s.c. with 500 mg of sometribove at 14-d intervals from wk 9 to 29 postpartum (pp). Blood was collected by jugular vein puncture once weekly from wk 7 to 33 pp and daily for 14 d after the first and last (11th) injection of bST. Somatotropin (ST), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), insulin, thyroid hormones, nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), liver enzymes, and blood metabolites were evaluated. During bST treatment, plasma ST increased significantly on d 7 in both breeds and then decreased on d 14 after injection. Plasma IGF-I was positively correlated with ST. Plasma NEFA were high on d 7 and decreased on d 14. In response to bST, the average milk yield increased for FV and BW cows by 5.1 kg/d (29.7%) and 5.0 kg/d (28%), respectively, and 4% fat-corrected milk (FCM) increased by 5.0 kg/d (28%) and 5.3 kg/d (19.9%), respectively. Milk content of fat, protein, lactose, number of somatic cells, and body weight were similar across treatments.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  13. Substantial agreement of referee recommendations at a general medical journal--a peer review evaluation at Deutsches Ärzteblatt International.

    PubMed

    Baethge, Christopher; Franklin, Jeremy; Mertens, Stephan

    2013-01-01

    Peer review is the mainstay of editorial decision making for medical journals. There is a dearth of evaluations of journal peer review with regard to reliability and validity, particularly in the light of the wide variety of medical journals. Studies carried out so far indicate low agreement among reviewers. We present an analysis of the peer review process at a general medical journal, Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. 554 reviewer recommendations on 206 manuscripts submitted between 7/2008 and 12/2009 were analyzed: 7% recommended acceptance, 74% revision and 19% rejection. Concerning acceptance (with or without revision) versus rejection, there was a substantial agreement among reviewers (74.3% of pairs of recommendations) that was not reflected by Fleiss' or Cohen's kappa (<0.2). The agreement rate amounted to 84% for acceptance, but was only 31% for rejection. An alternative kappa-statistic, however, Gwet's kappa (AC1), indicated substantial agreement (0.63). Concordance between reviewer recommendation and editorial decision was almost perfect when reviewer recommendations were unanimous. The correlation of reviewer recommendations and citations as counted by Web of Science was low (partial correlation adjusted for year of publication: -0.03, n.s.). Although our figures are similar to those reported in the literature our conclusion differs from the widely held view that reviewer agreement is low: Based on overall agreement we consider the concordance among reviewers sufficient for the purposes of editorial decision making. We believe that various measures, such as positive and negative agreement or alternative Kappa values are superior to the application of Cohen's or Fleiss' Kappa in the analysis of nominal or ordinal level data regarding reviewer agreement. Also, reviewer recommendations seem to be a poor proxy for citations because, for example, manuscripts will be changed considerably during the revision process.

  14. Shaping the System – The DRG Evaluation Project of the German Society for Gynaecology and Obstetrics (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, DGGG)

    PubMed Central

    Fiori, W.; Renner, S. P.; Siam, K.; Babapirali, J.; Roeder, N.; Dausch, E.; Hildebrandt, T.; Hillemanns, P.; Nehmzow, M.; Zygmunt, M.; Piroth, D.; Schem, C.; Schwenzer, T.; Friese, K.; Wallwiener, D.; Beckmann, M. W.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The German DRG system is annually adapted to the changing services provided. For the further development, the self-governing body and its DRG Institute (InEK) depend on participation of the users. Methods: For one of the DRG evaluation projects initiated by DGGG, cost and performance data for the year 2011 from 16 hospitals were available. After plausibility checks and corrections, analyses for service and cost homogeneity were performed. In cases of inadequate DRG-representation attributes were sought that would make an appropriate reimbursement possible. Conspicuities and potential solutions were checked for clinical plausibility. Results: 44 concrete modification proposals for further development of the G-DRG system were formulated and submitted in due time to the InEK. In addition, 3 modification proposals were addressed to the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (Deutsches Institut für Medizinische Dokumentation und Information, DIMDI) for further development of the diagnosis classification ICD-10-GM. For all modification proposals care was taken to minimise misdirected incentives and to reduce the potential for disputes with the cost bearers and their auditors services in settlements. Discussion: The publication of the G-DRG system 2014 shows which modification proposals have been realised. Essentially, an appropriate redistribution of the resources among the gynaecological and obstetrics departments is to be expected. The financial pressure that is caused by the generally inadequate financing of hospitals will not be reduced by a further development of the G-DRG system. PMID:24771931

  15. Das deutsche Adverbialsystem (The German Adverbial System)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Droescher, W. O.

    1974-01-01

    Describes the surface structure of German adverbs proceeding from the standpoint of dependence-valence grammar. On the basis of their meaning, adverbs are classified as modal, temporal and locational. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  16. Deutsch in Australien (German in Australia)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Apelt, Hans-Peter

    1975-01-01

    German studies have expanded in the last 25 years in Australia. In 1974 the Goethe Institute conducted developmental conferences for German teachers, in cooperation with Australian universities and school authorities. Twelve universities have fully developed Germanistic Institutes. The Australian government has subsidized increasing numbers of…

  17. Lernen Wir Deutsch! Part 10, German: 7535.02.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course in German prescribes broad goals and performance objectives for the development of cultural awareness, student attitudes, and listening, speaking, writing, and reading skills. The content of the course, based on Units 21 and 22 of "A-LM German: Level 2" and "Reading for Meaning," requires mastery of selected…

  18. Lernen Wir Deutsch! Part 9, German: 7535.01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course in German prescribes broad goals and performance objectives for the development of cultural awareness, student attitudes, and listening, speaking, writing, and reading skills. Students read about and discuss a castle built by Ludwig, the "Mad King of Bavaria," and become acquainted with Bonn, the capital of West Germany. The…

  19. Lernen Wir Deutsch! Part 5, German: 7534.01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course in German prescribes broad goals and performance objectives for the development of cultural awareness, student attitudes, and listening, speaking, writing, and reading skills. Students plan an imaginary shopping trip and visit to the city. Practice in asking directions and discussion of such German customs as a skiing trip and the…

  20. Lernen Wir Deutsch! Part 13, German: 7536.01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course in German prescribes broad goals and performance objectives for the development of cultural awareness, student attitudes, and listening, speaking, writing, and reading skills. Students gain an insight into life in postwar Germany through stories about this period of history. Structural items stressed, are relative pronouns and clauses,…

  1. Deutsche Spacelab Mission D1 - Payload overview and implementation status

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandt, G.; Bruecker, H.

    1984-10-01

    The scientific payloads of the first German Spacelab Mission (D1), scheduled for October, 1985, are characterized and illustrated with drawings and diagrams. The modules described include a material science laboratory, a processing chamber, the Material-science Experiment Double-rack for Experiment modules and Apparatus (MEDEA), a life-science unit, the ESA Biorack, a vestibular sled, a navigation experiment, the Material Experiment Assembly, special support equipment, and facilities for storing loose items. Consideration is given to the data acquisition and storage system, the procedures for payload integration, and payload processing at the launch site. The program schedule calls for completion of integrated-systems testing in March, 1985, and delivery to KSC by May 1, 1985.

  2. [Pharmaceutical industry and "New German Medicine" ("Neue Deutsche Heilkunde")].

    PubMed

    Meyer, Ulrich

    2004-01-01

    THe so-called "New German Medicine", initially propagated in the health policy of the National Socialist Party, promoted greater use of phytotherapeutic and homeopathic drugs by the medical community. In response, the "Reichsfachschaft der pharmazeutischen Industrie e. V." (Association of Pharmaceutical Industry of the Reich") was obliged to pursue a carefully chosen double strategy, given that the members of the Association were both manufacturers of natural remedies and manufacturers of allopathic drugs.However, the fact that I.G. Farben completely ignored the "New German Medicine" suggests that the large chemical-pharmaceutical manufacturers did not take this policy very seriously. The only documents pertaining to increased research in the area of natural remedies stem from the medium-sized manufacturers Knoll and Schering. In the case of both companies it is noteworthy that they worked towards obtaining a scientific foundation for the developed preparates, and that they employed conventional methods of chemical analysis and proof of activity. THe growth of the classical manufacturers of natural remedies, such as the company Willmar Schwabe was, as far as any growth at all could be observed, significantly smaller than had been theoretically postulated. There is no casual relationship between any commercial success during the period in which the Nazis were in power and today's commercial prosperity.Moreover, from the viewpoint of the pharmaceutical industry, the "New German Medicine" seems to have passed its zenith before 1936, when the 4-year plan for war preparation entered into force.

  3. Rhipicephalus microplus strain Deutsch, 10 BAC clone sequences

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, has a genome over 2.4 times the size of the human genome, and with over 70% of repetitive DNA, this genome would prove very costly to sequence at today's prices and difficult to assemble and analyze. We used labeled DNA probes from the coding reg...

  4. Electro-optics laboratory evaluation: Deutsch optical waveguide connectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    A description of a test program evaluating the performance of an optical waveguide connector system is presented. Both quality and effectiveness of connections made in an optical fiber, performance of the equipment used and applicability of equipment and components to field conditions are reviewed.

  5. Deutsch im Louvre (oder: Deutsch als tote Sprache) (German in the Louvre [or, German as a Dead Language])

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markwald, Sabine

    1976-01-01

    Describes a German course for archeologists and art historians, given in the Louvre by the Paris Goethe Institute. Reliance is placed on the students' visual memory, with schematic presentation of pronoun and article declension. This approach sometimes fosters errors and misunderstandings. The verb system is emphasized. (Text is in German.)…

  6. Anorexia nervosa, Felix Deutsch, and the associative anamnesis: a psychosomatic kaleidoscope.

    PubMed

    Lipsitt, D R

    1989-01-01

    An abiding mystery of the mind-body connection is that it should seem mysterious at all--an indication, perhaps, of how deeply conditioned we have been by "dualism." That doctrine, laid down more than three centuries ago by French philosopher Rene Descartes, sees mind and body as distinct entities, to be treated separately. It became the paradigm for medicine, and still dominates medical thinking.

  7. Liebes Tagebuch: Abroad at Last, But Let Me Tell You "auf Deutsch."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Annelise M.

    This paper describes techniques used by a German instructor with American students during a summer abroad program. Learning activities, both in and outside of class, concentrate on writing. The students keep logs and diaries, which force them to be aware of their surroundings and to participate more actively in the life around them. With the…

  8. Another Look at Correlations between the Oral Proficiency Interview and the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vazulik, Johannes; Brown, Cheri

    A study supplementing earlier research by Lalande and Schweckendiek investigated comparisons and correlations obtained from testing a group of 17 university students of German using both the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) and the most recent revision of the examination for the…

  9. CyberDeutsch: Language Production and User Preferences in a Moodle Virtual Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stickler, Ursula; Hampel, Regine

    2010-01-01

    This case study focuses on two learners who took part in an intensive online German course offered to intermediate level students in the Department of Languages of the Open University. The course piloted the use of a Moodle-based virtual learning environment and a range of new online tools which lend themselves to different types of language…

  10. Deutsch als Fremdsprachenphilologie: Das Heidelberger Modell (German as a Foreign Language Philology: The Heidelberg Model)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dietrich, Rainer; Heuer, Fritz

    1975-01-01

    German as a Foreign Language Philology is a new subject developed at the New Philology Faculty of the University of Heidelberg. Students whose native language is not German can earn a Master of Arts in this field. The study plan, educational goals, and the content and organization of the curriculum are described. (Text is in German.) (TL)

  11. Von den Flitterwochen zur distanzierten Partnerschaft. Deutsche Manager in internationalen M&A

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuchs, Martina; Schalljo, Martin

    2017-04-01

    Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) require considerable intercultural openness on the part of the managers involved. A recent wave of takeovers by private equity investors and foreign investors from emerging economies has challenged German executives. In cases of friendly takeovers, as described in this study, managers at first appear to extend a cosmopolitan welcome to the new owners. However, further analysis of structural hermeneutics reveals latent normative professional ethics of managers which lead to practices of distancing, in particular from young investors from China, India, and Russia.

  12. German-American Workshop on Adult Education with Target Groups = Deutsch-amerikanisches Doppelseminar zur Zielgruppenarbeit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerner, Claus, Ed.; Odenbrett, Glenn, Ed.

    This collection includes eight papers (authored by Germans) on adult education programs in Cleveland, Ohio, and eight papers (authored by Americans) about adult education programs in the Federal Republic of Germany as well as German and English introductions to the collection. The following papers are included: "Neue Wege in der…

  13. The Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache (Certificate in German as a Foreign Language): An Alabama Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graves, Oliver Finley

    1980-01-01

    Describes the benefits derived by the University of Alabama at a time of declining enrollment from offering the Goethe Institute exam for the "Certificate in German as a Foreign Language." Also mentions other innovations introduced by the German department: an intensive first year course and a German House on campus. (MES)

  14. German-American Workshop on Adult Education with Target Groups = Deutsch-amerikanisches Doppelseminar zur Zielgruppenarbeit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerner, Claus, Ed.; Odenbrett, Glenn, Ed.

    This collection includes eight papers (authored by Germans) on adult education programs in Cleveland, Ohio, and eight papers (authored by Americans) about adult education programs in the Federal Republic of Germany as well as German and English introductions to the collection. The following papers are included: "Neue Wege in der…

  15. Audio-Immersion und Deutsch als Fremdsprache (Audio-Immersion and German as a Foreign Language)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Lothar

    1973-01-01

    Based on a paper by H. Schenk presented at 3. Arbeitstagung der Gesellschaft fur Angewandte Linguistik, Stuttgart, West Germany, 7-9 October, 1971 (Third Workshop of the Society for Applied Linguistics). (DD)

  16. Zur Analyse von Deutsch-Englischen Interferenzerscheinungen (On the Analysis of German-English Interference Phenomena).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornell, Alan; Schmidt, Helmut

    1980-01-01

    Presents examples of interference phenomena, lexical, grammatical, and orthographic, which occurred in the translation section of examinations given to prospective teachers of English in German university-preparatory high schools. The elements of error are analyzed, and corrected versions are supplied. (IFS/WGA)

  17. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus strain Deutsch, whole genome shotgun sequencing project first submission of genome sequence

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The size and repetitive nature of the Rhipicephalus microplus genome makes obtaining a full genome sequence difficult. Cot filtration/selection techniques were used to reduce the repetitive fraction of the tick genome and enrich for the fraction of DNA with gene-containing regions. The Cot-selected ...

  18. Another Look at Correlations between the Oral Proficiency Interview and the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vazulik, Johannes; Brown, Cheri

    A study supplementing earlier research by Lalande and Schweckendiek investigated comparisons and correlations obtained from testing a group of 17 university students of German using both the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) and the most recent revision of the examination for the…

  19. CyberDeutsch: Language Production and User Preferences in a Moodle Virtual Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stickler, Ursula; Hampel, Regine

    2010-01-01

    This case study focuses on two learners who took part in an intensive online German course offered to intermediate level students in the Department of Languages of the Open University. The course piloted the use of a Moodle-based virtual learning environment and a range of new online tools which lend themselves to different types of language…

  20. Rhipicephalus microplus strain Deutsch, whole genome shotgun sequencing project Version 2

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, has a genome over 2.4 times the size of the human genome, and with over 70% of repetitive DNA, this genome would prove very costly to sequence at today's prices and difficult to assemble and analyze. Cot filtration/selection techniques were used ...

  1. Von den Flitterwochen zur distanzierten Partnerschaft - Deutsche Manager in internationalen M&A

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuchs, Martina; Schalljo, Martin

    2017-02-01

    Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) require considerable intercultural openness on the part of the managers involved. A recent wave of takeovers by private equity investors and foreign investors from emerging economies has challenged German executives. In cases of friendly takeovers, as described in this study, managers at first appear to extend a cosmopolitan welcome to the new owners. However, further analysis of structural hermeneutics reveals latent normative professional ethics of managers which lead to practices of distancing, in particular from young investors from China, India, and Russia.

  2. How Well Can a Computer Program Teach German Culture? Some Preliminary Findings from EthnoDeutsch.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashby, Wendy; Ostertag, Veronica

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the effectiveness of an interactive, computer-mediated instructional segment designed to educate students about ethnicity in German-speaking countries. Fifty-two intermediate German students worked with computer-mediated segments and rated the segments' effectiveness on a Likert-scale questionnaire. (AS)

  3. Deutsche Feste. Sitten und Brauche mit Liedern Gedichten Ratseln. (German Festivities. Habits and Customs Using Songs and Stories).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawrysz, Ilse, Ed.

    This teacher's guide of supplemental cultural materials includes descriptions of major celebrations and cultural activities of the German people. The text includes songs, poems, and stories about the New Year, carnival, springtime, Easter, fall festivals, and Christmas, as well as a traditional German wedding. (TR)

  4. Deutsch, Doyc or Doitsch? Chatters as Languagers--The Case of a German-Turkish Chat Room

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinnenkamp, Volker

    2008-01-01

    The paper looks at the process of online-languaging of adolescents with a migratory and ethnic Turkish background in a diasporic chat room. The multiple resources and voices used are analysed. One particular example is looked at more thoroughly to illustrate the process of languaging and how it is legitimised by the chatters themselves. Finally,…

  5. The Role of Previously Learned Languages in the Thought Processes of Multilingual Writers at the Deutsche Schule Barcelona

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tullock, Brandon D.; Fernandez-Villanueva, Marta

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, scholars have voiced the need for research which focuses on the ability of multilinguals to write across multiple languages rather than on the limitations that they face when composing in a non-native language. In order to better understand multilingual writers as resourceful and creative problem-solvers, the current study aims to…

  6. Der Wandervogel: Eine Deutsche Jugendbewegung des 20. Jahrhunderts (The "Wandervogel:" A German Youth Movement of the Twentieth Century).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailliet, Theresia Sauter

    1971-01-01

    In an attempt to place the attitudes of present-day youth--specifically hippies and similar groups--in perspective, this article reviews the roots and history of the "Wandervogel," a German youth movement which attempted a return to nature and the simplicity of folkways. While quoting pertinent literature from the past decade, the author…

  7. The Fifth German Oral Health Study (Fünfte Deutsche Mundgesundheitsstudie, DMS V) - rationale, design, and methods.

    PubMed

    Jordan, Rainer A; Bodechtel, Constanze; Hertrampf, Katrin; Hoffmann, Thomas; Kocher, Thomas; Nitschke, Ina; Schiffner, Ulrich; Stark, Helmut; Zimmer, Stefan; Micheelis, Wolfgang

    2014-12-29

    Oral diseases rank among the most prevalent non-communicable diseases in modern societies. In Germany, oral epidemiological data show that both dental caries and periodontal diseases are highly prevalent, though significant improvements in oral health has been taking in the population within the last decades, particularly in children. It is, therefore, the aim of the Fifth German Oral Health Study (DMS V) to actualize the data on current oral health status and to gather information on oral health behavior and risk factors. In addition to current oral health monitoring, the study will also permit conclusions about trends in the development of oral health in Germany between 1989 and 2014. DMS V is a cross-sectional, multi-center, nationwide representative, socio-epidemiological study to investigate the oral health status und behavior of the German resident population in four age cohorts. Study participants are children (12-year-olds), adults (35- to 44-year-olds), young olds (65- to 74-year-olds), and old olds (75- to 100-year-olds) who are drawn from local residents' registration offices. Social-science investigation parameters concern subjective perceptions and attitudes regarding oral health and nutrition, sense of coherence, and socio-demographic data. Clinical oral parameters are tooth loss, caries and periodontitis, prosthodontic status, further developmental and acquired dental hard tissue and mucosal lesions. To ensure reproducibility, the dental investigators are trained and calibrated by experts and multiple reliability checks are performed throughout the field phase. Statistical analyses are calculated according to a detailed statistical analysis plan. The DMS studies first performed in 1989, 1992 and repeated in 1997 and 2005 are the only cross-sectional oral health studies conducted in Germany on a population-based national representative level. Updated prevalence and trend analyses of key oral diseases are, therefore, of major epidemiological and health services research interest. German Health Services Research Data Bank VfD_DMSV_13_002152.

  8. The Role of Previously Learned Languages in the Thought Processes of Multilingual Writers at the Deutsche Schule Barcelona

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tullock, Brandon D.; Fernandez-Villanueva, Marta

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, scholars have voiced the need for research which focuses on the ability of multilinguals to write across multiple languages rather than on the limitations that they face when composing in a non-native language. In order to better understand multilingual writers as resourceful and creative problem-solvers, the current study aims to…

  9. 76 FR 81968 - United States v. Deutsche Börse AG and NYSE Euronext; Proposed Final Judgment and Competitive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ... ] technology, pricing, and in the development of exchange models. 2. NYSE operates some of the oldest, largest... new market model and introducing a new pricing scheme, which gave rebate incentives to certain..., Goldman Sachs Group Inc., Citadel Investment Group LLC, and Knight Capital Group Inc. ISE owns 31.54% of...

  10. Zum Problem der Fehlergraduierung in deutsch-franzoesischen Uebersetzungen (On the Problem of Grading Errors in German-French Translations)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kielhoefer, Bernd

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the correction system for German-French translations used in German universities. The following are proposed: (1) Differentiation of, and a grading scale for, errors; (2) Distinguishing interstructural vs. intrastructural errors, (with suggestion for grading); (3) Localizing errors in grammar or vocabulary, with consequences for grading.…

  11. [From the national competence network for viral hepatitis (HepNet) emerged the German Liver Foundation (Deutsche Leberstiftung)].

    PubMed

    Hardtke, S; Wiebner, B; Manns, M P

    2016-04-01

    The competence network for viral hepatitis (HepNet) was founded in 2002 with funding from the German government and has influenced the research on viral hepatitis in Germany. HepNet collaborator sites have been involved in numerous national and international investigator-initiated, as well as industry-sponsored, phase 1-3 studies. Within the HepNet Study-House, many groundbreaking investor-initiated trials have been completed and are still ongoing. For example, the acute hepatitis C trials and trials on chronic hepatitis D (delta), which led to therapy optimization. Continuation of the competence network on viral hepatitis has been achieved by the foundation of the German Liver Foundation, which has been an external cooperation partner of the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) for two years. The well-established HepNet Study-House acts here as the clinical trial platform for all DZIF hepatitis trials.

  12. Transcriptome database derived from the Texas Deutsch outbreak strain population of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The Southern cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, vectors Babesia bovis and B. bigemina, which are the protozoans causing cattle fever, a disease that is responsible for significant production losses to cattle producers in much of Africa, Central and South America, and Australia. We ini...

  13. Deutsch, Doyc or Doitsch? Chatters as Languagers--The Case of a German-Turkish Chat Room

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinnenkamp, Volker

    2008-01-01

    The paper looks at the process of online-languaging of adolescents with a migratory and ethnic Turkish background in a diasporic chat room. The multiple resources and voices used are analysed. One particular example is looked at more thoroughly to illustrate the process of languaging and how it is legitimised by the chatters themselves. Finally,…

  14. Europeanization of the Hospital Markets - Opportunities and Risks for German Hospitals (Europaeisierung des Krankenhausmarkets - Chancen und Risiken fuer deutsche Krankenhaeuser)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-07-06

    e Peise Dpos𔄁ln G. Neubauer: Einftihrung in die Themnatik 4 . Ausblick* 0 Bdatneut. Phase Konergetzhase oninungspolffische Opbion MIuse Diskussion mm...2180163 4.070 2W,4135 3 .004 0 12 a 4 ,. 4 e sho 426_8_48 1,10C 09M2,95 3 8 C2 -004,13 100 8 3M inovwion 3M HIS - Pan Europische Projekt-Studie Tagungsband...780 1998 1999 200 2001 2002 B SornMischeKH RPsychatmsd*KHGU Polnische Krankenhduser: Bettenkapazitaten sana M W - - 2 3 0 . M6 9 2 21.7 1 3 2 1 4 A W

  15. [Quality assurance measures within DIN 6856: the adaptation of film viewing boxes and their specifications in the radiology department of a university hospital. Deutsche Industrie-Norm].

    PubMed

    Kirchner, J; Kollath, J

    1996-02-01

    The aim of our study was to examine the quality and consistency of film viewing equipment and surroundings for radiological film viewing as stipulated by the recently released DIN 6856 standard specifications sheet. 107 film viewers in 43 locations in the Department of General Radiology (Hospital of the Goethe University in Frankfurt, Germany) were examined with regard to viewer brightness (intrinsic luminous intensity) uniformity of viewbox brightness, colour of fluorescence tubes, dimensions, adjustable filters, positioning of the viewers and ambient light level. Requirements regarding brightness were met in 70%, whereas conditions regarding uniformity of brightness were fulfilled in only 27% and the required filters in only 20% of all cases. 89% of the examined film viewboxes did not comply with the strict specifications laid down in DIN 6856. The requirements regarding the ambient light level (recommended range 50-100 lx) were met by only 75% of the examined desks.

  16. Komm, Lass dir was erzahlen. Versuch einer Methodologie zum Geschichtenerzahlen fur Deutsch (A Methodology for Storytelling in the German Language Classroom).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wicke, Rainer E.

    A methodology is presented for storytelling in the elementary school German language classroom. Intended for the instructor in Alberta, this guide is illustrated with examples of types of activities and techniques useful for teaching German to the elementary school student. (JC)

  17. DFVLR/FAA (Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft und Raumfahrt/Federal Aviation Administration) Propeller Noise Tests in the German- Dutch Wind Tunnel DNW

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    result the computer needs a higher disturbance factor (F = 2.44 = 144 %) for averaging at least 50 time-sequences and deletes 6 series in this mode. The...80 Q 70 ~ 60 50 r 40 - 0 10 200 H A P TC I (,’ NIIF 1 1N TIA -[S 0 1 - - -1 w~~i i i i v1 n)ric 10 AVERACE K 7 0 ) POCR SPECTRUiM_(P < 1-4 %* _ 100 0

  18. Representing Value as Digital Object: A Discussion of Transferability and Anonymity; Digital Library Initiatives of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft; CrossRef Turns One; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, Robert E.; Lyons, Patrice A.; Brahms, Ewald; Brand, Amy; van den Bergen, Mieke

    2001-01-01

    Includes four articles that discuss the use of digital objects to represent value in a network environment; digital library initiatives at the central public funding organization for academic research in Germany; an application of the Digital Object Identifier System; and the Web site of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. (LRW)

  19. Representing Value as Digital Object: A Discussion of Transferability and Anonymity; Digital Library Initiatives of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft; CrossRef Turns One; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, Robert E.; Lyons, Patrice A.; Brahms, Ewald; Brand, Amy; van den Bergen, Mieke

    2001-01-01

    Includes four articles that discuss the use of digital objects to represent value in a network environment; digital library initiatives at the central public funding organization for academic research in Germany; an application of the Digital Object Identifier System; and the Web site of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. (LRW)

  20. Komm, Lass dir was erzahlen. Versuch einer Methodologie zum Geschichtenerzahlen fur Deutsch (A Methodology for Storytelling in the German Language Classroom).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wicke, Rainer E.

    A methodology is presented for storytelling in the elementary school German language classroom. Intended for the instructor in Alberta, this guide is illustrated with examples of types of activities and techniques useful for teaching German to the elementary school student. (JC)

  1. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus strain Deutsch, 5 BAC clone sequencing, including two encoding Cytochrome P450s and one encoding CzEst9 carboxylesterase

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, has a genome over 2.4 times the size of the human genome, and with over 70% of repetitive DNA, this genome would prove very costly to sequence at today's prices and difficult to assemble and analyze. BAC clones give insight into the genome struct...

  2. [Guideline (S2k, AWMF) of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmedizin und Umweltmedizin "Diagnostics and Expert Opinion in the Occupational Disease No. 4101 Silicosis (Including Coal Worker's Pneumoconiosis)"].

    PubMed

    Baur, X; Heger, M; Bohle, R M; Hering, K G; Hofmann-Preiß, K; Nowak, D; Tannapfel, A; Teschler, H; Voshaar, T; Kraus, T

    2016-12-01

    During the last 1.5 years an update of the guideline on silicosis was made by an interdisciplinary working group. New medical and scientific knowledge and the experience in expert opinion practice were taken into account.By preparing the initial guideline in 2010 standardization of diagnostics and adaption of the "Moers convention" which was not based on medical knowledge was in the focus, whereas the current update deals with fine emendation and extension, especially of the compensation rate (adaption with the Reichenhall recommendation).The diagnosis of silicosis (including mixed dust pneumoconiosis) is based on a detailed occupational history, and predominantly on the typical radiological findings. However, at initial diagnosis the standardized LD-HRCT takes an important role because of its high sensitivity and specificity. Exceptional cases are those with characteristic findings in chest X-ray follow-up. Correspondingly, it is mentioned in the guideline: "The standardized appraisal of the Low-Dose-Volume HRCT requires application of the CT classification (ICOERD, International Classification of Occupational and Environmental Respiratory diseases). In order to diagnose silicosis in CT scan opacities with sharp borders in both central upper lung fields and their circumferencies have to be documented. By comparing with ILO standard radiographs at least profusion category 1 in the right and left upper lung fields has to be reached (total profusion category 2)."The pathologic minimal requirement for the diagnosis of silicosis which has undergone controversial discussion has now also been defined. Corresponding to Hnizdo et al. 2000 it is now mentioned: "Finding of less than 5 silicotic granuloma per lung lobe by palpation is regarded as insignificant." This is a convention and not a threshold based on detailed medical scientific and statistical studies; it is based on extended experience in the South African gold mines.This guideline also deals with silicotic hilar (and sometimes mediastinial) lymph nodes; according to the guideline working group they do not closely correlate with the degree of pulmonary involvement. Extended conglomerating and enduring lymph-node processes may lead to dislocation of the hili with impairment of large bronchi and vessels. Shell-like calcifications dominating in the periphery of lymph nodes produce so-called egg-shell hili.The paragraph on exercise testing is now extended: if neither ergometry nor spiroergometry can be performed a 6 minute walking test by measuring oxygen saturation should be done.Furthermore, in individual expert opinion examinations right heart catheterization (the patient is not obliged to give informed consent) may be recommended, if echo cardiography gives evidence for pulmonary hypertension or if it is difficult to differentiate between right and left heart failure. The presence of pulmonary hypertension which is of prognostic relevance has to be considered when grading reduction in earning capacity.For interpretation of spirometry values the new GLI reference values has to be applied. Grading of impairment is due to the recommendation of the DGP.According to current medical scientific knowledge it is unclear, whether certain disorders of the rheumatic group such is scleroderma or Caplan syndrome which are sometimes associated with silicosis (or coal workers' pneumoconiosis) belong in toto to the occupational disease number 4101 (silicosis). Within this context, additional studies are needed to clarify the role of occupational quartz exposure and other risk factors.The guideline working group hopes that this update will help to optimize diagnostics and expert opinion of silicotic patients.

  3. Prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care of sepsis: 1st revision of S-2k guidelines of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft e.V. (DSG)) and the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin (DIVI))

    PubMed Central

    Reinhart, K.; Brunkhorst, F. M.; Bone, H.-G.; Bardutzky, J.; Dempfle, C.-E.; Forst, H.; Gastmeier, P.; Gerlach, H.; Gründling, M.; John, S.; Kern, W.; Kreymann, G.; Krüger, W.; Kujath, P.; Marggraf, G.; Martin, J.; Mayer, K.; Meier-Hellmann, A.; Oppert, M.; Putensen, C.; Quintel, M.; Ragaller, M.; Rossaint, R.; Seifert, H.; Spies, C.; Stüber, F.; Weiler, N.; Weimann, A.; Werdan, K.; Welte, T.

    2010-01-01

    Practice guidelines are systematically developed statements and recommendations that assist the physicians and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care measures for specific clinical circumstances taking into account specific national health care structures. The 1st revision of the S-2k guideline of the German Sepsis Society in collaboration with 17 German medical scientific societies and one self-help group provides state-of-the-art information (results of controlled clinical trials and expert knowledge) on the effective and appropriate medical care (prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care) of critically ill patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. The guideline had been developed according to the “German Instrument for Methodological Guideline Appraisal” of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies (AWMF). In view of the inevitable advancements in scientific knowledge and technical expertise, revisions, updates and amendments must be periodically initiated. The guideline recommendations may not be applied under all circumstances. It rests with the clinician to decide whether a certain recommendation should be adopted or not, taking into consideration the unique set of clinical facts presented in connection with each individual patient as well as the available resources. PMID:20628653

  4. Prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care of sepsis: 1st revision of S-2k guidelines of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft e.V. (DSG)) and the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin (DIVI)).

    PubMed

    Reinhart, K; Brunkhorst, F M; Bone, H-G; Bardutzky, J; Dempfle, C-E; Forst, H; Gastmeier, P; Gerlach, H; Gründling, M; John, S; Kern, W; Kreymann, G; Krüger, W; Kujath, P; Marggraf, G; Martin, J; Mayer, K; Meier-Hellmann, A; Oppert, M; Putensen, C; Quintel, M; Ragaller, M; Rossaint, R; Seifert, H; Spies, C; Stüber, F; Weiler, N; Weimann, A; Werdan, K; Welte, T

    2010-06-28

    Practice guidelines are systematically developed statements and recommendations that assist the physicians and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care measures for specific clinical circumstances taking into account specific national health care structures. The 1(st) revision of the S-2k guideline of the German Sepsis Society in collaboration with 17 German medical scientific societies and one self-help group provides state-of-the-art information (results of controlled clinical trials and expert knowledge) on the effective and appropriate medical care (prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care) of critically ill patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. The guideline had been developed according to the "German Instrument for Methodological Guideline Appraisal" of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies (AWMF). In view of the inevitable advancements in scientific knowledge and technical expertise, revisions, updates and amendments must be periodically initiated. The guideline recommendations may not be applied under all circumstances. It rests with the clinician to decide whether a certain recommendation should be adopted or not, taking into consideration the unique set of clinical facts presented in connection with each individual patient as well as the available resources.

  5. [Prevention and follow-up care of sepsis. 1st revision of S2k guidelines of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft e.V., DSG) and the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin, DIVI)].

    PubMed

    Brunkhorst, F M; Gastmeier, P; Kern, W; Krüger, W; Mayer, K; Weimann, A; Welte, T; Putensen, C; Werdan, K; Reinhart, K

    2010-07-01

    The 1st revision of the S2k guideline on the prevention and follow-up care of sepsis, provided by the German Sepsis Society in collaboration with 17 German medical scientific societies and one self-help group provides state-of-the-art information on the effective and appropriate medical care of critically ill patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. The guideline recommendations may not be applied under all circumstances. It rests with the clinician to decide whether a certain recommendation should be adopted or not, taking into consideration the unique set of clinical facts presented in connection with each individual patient as well as the available resources.

  6. 75 FR 7299 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Order Approving Proposed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-18

    ... Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse'') and SIX Swiss Exchange (``SIX''). SIX is owned by SIX Group (Eurex Frankfurt, Eurex Z rich, Deutsche B rse, SIX, SIX Group, and U.S. Exchange Holdings, Inc. are collectively...

  7. 78 FR 70984 - Order Extending Temporary Conditional Exemption for Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ... FSA Letter; SFJ Letter; AFME Letter; JCR Letter. \\30\\ See Letter from Tom Deutsch, Executive Director... from Tom Deutsch, Executive Director, American Securitization Forum and Chris Dalton, Chief...

  8. 77 FR 71201 - Order Extending Temporary Conditional Exemption for Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-29

    ... Deutsch, Executive Director, American Securitization Forum, and Chris Dalton, Chief Executive Officer... Barnard to the Commission, dated Nov. 23, 2011 (``Barnard Letter''); Letter from Tom Deutsch,...

  9. 77 FR 15417 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-15

    ... Global Derivatives AG (``EGD''), which will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse''), effectively granting Deutsche B rse a 100% indirect ownership interest in ISE Holdings... Frankfurt is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eurex Z rich, which, in turn, is jointly owned by Deutsche B rse...

  10. 77 FR 15422 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-15

    ... wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse''), effectively granting Deutsche B rse a..., in turn, is jointly owned by Deutsche B rse and SIX. SIX is owned by SIX Group AG (``SIX Group''). \\3... B rse, SIX Group, and SIX signed a definitive agreement for the Transaction, which would give...

  11. 77 FR 24752 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; International Securities...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ...''), which will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse''), granting Deutsche B rse a 100% indirect ownership interest in ISE Holdings which, in turn, wholly owns ISE and holds a...'', and, with Deutsche B rse, the ``German Upstream Owners'').\\8\\ Eurex Frankfurt is a wholly-owned...

  12. 77 FR 15413 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-15

    ... wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse''), effectively granting Deutsche B rse a..., in turn, is jointly owned by Deutsche B rse ] and SIX. SIX is owned by SIX Group AG (``SIX Group... B rse, SIX Group, and SIX signed a definitive agreement for the Transaction, which would give...

  13. 78 FR 14844 - Topaz Exchange, LLC; Order Granting Application for a Conditional Exemption Pursuant to Section...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... Zurich AG (``Eurex Zurich''), which, in turn, is fifty percent (50%) owned by Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse'') and fifty percent (50%) owned by Eurex Global Derivatives AG (``EGD''). Deutsche B rse..., Eurex Frankfurt, Eurex Zurich, Deutsche B rse and EGD (collectively, the ``Foreign Direct Affiliates...

  14. "Land der Berge, Land der Seen": Zum Oesterreichbild in amerikanischen Deutsch-Lehrbuechern ("Land of Mountains, Land of Lakes": On the Picture of Austria Presented by German Textbooks in the USA).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koppensteiner, Juergen

    1978-01-01

    Nearly all German textbooks currently used in the USA either entirely fail to mention Austria, or else portray it by means of myths, cliches (Apfelstrudel, Sachertorte, Gemuetlichkeit), and often with outright untruths. The American student gets a picture of Austria as an "underdeveloped Disneyland of Europe". (WGA)

  15. Die Vergangenheitstempora als Lehr- und Lerngegenstand im Fach "Deutsch als Fremdsprache" (The Past Tenses as a Topic of Teaching and Learning in the Field of "German as a Foreign Language)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latzel, Sigbert

    1974-01-01

    Evaluates tenses as to (1) communicative importance, (2) frequency, and (3) range. Under (1), finds actual tense less important than accompanying adverbials and extra-linguistic factors. Discusses chief difficulties appearing in use and interpretation of past tenses, and how the results of linguistic research may help to deal with them. (Text is…

  16. "Onkle Karl" aus Milwaukee: Deutsch-amerikanische Einwandererkultur im Spiegel der Jugendliteratur vor hundert Jahren (Uncle Carl from Milwaukee: German-American Newcomer Culture Reflected in Children's Literature a Hundred Years Ago).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, Gerhard

    1998-01-01

    Examines a late nineteenth-century Milwaukee (Wisconsin) publication for children and young people as a reflection of German-American middle-class culture of the time, showing how the spirit of the 1848 revolution and the experience of the American Civil War shaped German-American intellectuals and how the ideals of freedom and equality dominated…

  17. DFVLR/FAA (Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft und Raumfahrt/Federal Aviation Administration) Propeller Noise Tests in the German-Dutch Wind Tunnel DNW. Appendix VI. The Effect of Engine-Cowling Installation,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    6 ) 0 I . n -10 20 =.5 TIMEQU EC . S- A( P P 8.7 Hx PIN= -9. .t.’ ~ ~ 0102 4 [[.TIME -REQ VY AVEAG , 6 )POE PETU...231 c:.00 T: 2-87.5 10INSTANTANEOUS ITIME HISTORY MX9. 5 (L I 0 0 -. 5 - - - TUE-RV 11w VRG 6 )PWRSETU MF .7H -10 00 7 0 Iu I a60 50 010 20 30 4...7 RUN: 17D rP: p 0 : 19.90 NH: .6745 n: 2100 rpm v/u: .231 d: .00 T: 287 . K 30 INSTANTANEOUS TIME HISTORY PMAX= 1 . 6 20 - 10 a 0 In S0 0 -40

  18. Ein Stiefkind des Unterrichts in Deutsch als Fremdsprache: Ausspracheschulung (A Stepchild in the Teaching of German as a Foreign Language: Training in Pronunciation. Experiences in the Production of a Pronunciation Course for Schools)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goebel, Heinz; Graffmann, Heinrich

    1977-01-01

    Describes a course in pronunciation produced in Buenos Aires as a supplement to a school textbook in German. The course, available on tape, was tried out in twelve schools, and was found usable beginning with Grade 3. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  19. "Onkle Karl" aus Milwaukee: Deutsch-amerikanische Einwandererkultur im Spiegel der Jugendliteratur vor hundert Jahren (Uncle Carl from Milwaukee: German-American Newcomer Culture Reflected in Children's Literature a Hundred Years Ago).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, Gerhard

    1998-01-01

    Examines a late nineteenth-century Milwaukee (Wisconsin) publication for children and young people as a reflection of German-American middle-class culture of the time, showing how the spirit of the 1848 revolution and the experience of the American Civil War shaped German-American intellectuals and how the ideals of freedom and equality dominated…

  20. Abstracts of papers presented at the 8th workshop of the Virology Section of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikro-biologie, Würzburg, March 17-19, 1983.

    PubMed

    1983-09-01

    17 adenovirus strains were found to be antigenically related to prototype Ad 15 by neutralization. No relationship to Ad 15, but to Ad 9 could be detected by hemagglutination-inhibition; we therefore named them Ad 15/H9 intermediate strains. After analysis of the genome by five different restriction enzymes, the fragment patterns obtained deviated widely from the prototype Ad 15, but only slightly from Ad 9. Differences could also be observed among the variants. After digestion by five restriction enzymes, altogether six genome types could be established among the 17 intermediate strains. To map the variations on the genome of the 15/H9 strains, two methods were employed: the double digestion of the DNA and DNA fragments together with the determination of the terminal fragments made it possible to construct a physical map. The second method depends on a particularity of adenoviruses: the DNA is covalently linked with a 55 kD protein at the 5' terminus. After digestion of the DNA, which does contain this protein, the terminal DNA fragments do not migrate into the agarose gel; after an additional digestion with pronase B, they do migrate into the gel. Thus the terminal fragments were determined by comparing the fragment patterns with and without previous pronase B treatment.

  1. "Land der Berge, Land der Seen": Zum Oesterreichbild in amerikanischen Deutsch-Lehrbuechern ("Land of Mountains, Land of Lakes": On the Picture of Austria Presented by German Textbooks in the USA).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koppensteiner, Juergen

    1978-01-01

    Nearly all German textbooks currently used in the USA either entirely fail to mention Austria, or else portray it by means of myths, cliches (Apfelstrudel, Sachertorte, Gemuetlichkeit), and often with outright untruths. The American student gets a picture of Austria as an "underdeveloped Disneyland of Europe". (WGA)

  2. [Participation of hospital nephrology departments in outpatient dialysis care. Joint Statement of the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nephrologie (DGfN)«, »Verband leitender Klinikärzte in der Nephrologie (VLKN)«, »Verband Deutsche Nierenzentren (DN) e. V.« , »KfH Kuratorium für Dialyse und Nierentransplantation e. V.« and »PHV - Der Dialysepartner Patienten-Heimversorgung«].

    PubMed

    Floege, Jürgen; Alscher, Mark Dominik; Bach, Dieter; Dähne, Werner; Daschner, Michael; Kuhlmann, Martin

    2015-09-01

    The proposals by health care providers to impose drastic limits on chronic dialysis in hospitals to the extent that it can only be provided on loss-making terms, will jeopardize the cost efficiency of nephrological departments in hospitals and hence their continued existence. Such departments play a key role within the discipline, however, as the training of nephrologists is tied to them by further training regulations. The authors take the view that the proposals by health care providers are short-sighted with regard to the quality of care and the safeguarding of care in the future, and that they counteract the goals of quality assurance currently dominating the health policy agenda. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  3. 76 FR 31222 - Identification of Enforceable Rules and Orders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Rebecca G. Deutsch, Office of the General Counsel, CFPB, 1801 L Street, NW., Washington, DC 20036, rebecca.deutsch@treasury.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Act, on the...

  4. Surgery May Be Best for Advanced Melanoma

    MedlinePlus

    ... patients long-term," said study leader Dr. Gary Deutsch, a cancer surgeon at Northwell Health in Great ... within the belly is rare. For the study, Deutsch and his team analyzed the medical records of ...

  5. 75 FR 78758 - Prohibited Transaction Exemptions From Certain Prohibited Transaction Restrictions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-16

    ... following: 2010-31, Deutsche Asset Management (UK) Limited, D-11495; 2010-32, Sherburne Tele Systems, Inc... the participants and beneficiaries of the plan. Deutsche Asset Management (UK) Limited (the Applicant... Management (UK) Ltd. and executed by Deutsche Bank AG were not part of any agreement, arrangement,...

  6. Prediction Markets as a Way to Manage Acquisition Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    19 B. GOLDMAN SACHS AND DEUTSCHE BANK “ECONOMIC DERIVATIVES” MARKET...into decision- making. B. GOLDMAN SACHS AND DEUTSCHE BANK “ECONOMIC DERIVATIVES” MARKET Another example of the relative performance of a prediction...market comes from the ―Economic Derivatives‖ market established by Goldman Sachs and Deutsche Bank. This market is tied to macroeconomic outcomes

  7. 77 FR 19397 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1... combination (the ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). The Holdco...

  8. 77 FR 19391 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... NYSE Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b... business combination (the ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse...

  9. 75 FR 51134 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... the FWB Frankfurter Wertpapierb rse (Frankfurt Stock Exchange) and traded on the Xetra trading system operated by Deutsche B rse AG (``DBAG''). DBAG is regulated by the German Federal Financial Supervisory.... \\7\\ See ``Guide to the Equity Indices of Deutsche B rse,'' at http://www.deutsche-boerse.com for...

  10. 77 FR 19396 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... Between NYSE Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section... business combination (the ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse...

  11. 77 FR 19399 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... Combination Between NYSE Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to... Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). The Holdco Proposal was conditionally approved by the Commission...

  12. 77 FR 19400 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... NYSE Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012 Pursuant to Section 19(b... business combination (the ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse...

  13. 77 FR 19394 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1... ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). The Holdco Proposal was...

  14. 76 FR 27863 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A318-112, A319-111, A319-112, A319-115, A319-132, A319-133...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ... been detected on terminal modules Part Number (P/N) NSA 937901M1604, manufactured by Deutsch, due to an... on terminal modules Part Number (P/N) NSA 937901M1604, manufactured by Deutsch, due to an... Number (P/N) NSA 937901M1604, manufactured by Deutsch, due to an insufficient crimping of the...

  15. 77 FR 55235 - Cash Account Trust, et al.; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-07

    ... Americas Inc. (``DIMA''), and Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc. (``DBSI''). SUMMARY: Summary of Application.... DIMA, a Delaware corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of Deutsche Bank Americas Holding Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Taunus Corporation, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Deutsche Bank...

  16. DFVLR/FAA (Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft und Raumfahrt/Federal Aviation Administration) Propeller Noise Tests in the German-Dutch Wind Tunnel DNW. Appendix V. The Effect of Propeller Disc-Plane Attitude (Propeller 2: Thickness 8.5%, Square Tip-Shape),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    100 PlX 1. ul -100 cl -200 0L a- -300 -400 -i PMIN= -340.2 -500 1 .0 .5 1.0 TIME - REV. 120 AVERAGE (70) P IOWER SPECTRUM OF= 11 .2 Hz 110 00 0...268 4: 3.60 T: 288.6 K, AVERAGE (68) TIME HISTOPY (AP < 56 %) PMAX= 60.9 50 -- ,’-qJ .. 50 TIME- 0 ul -50 Lu a., -,,ɜ - Io -200 r18 . .0 .5 1.0 TIME

  17. Personal Storytelling and Narrative as a Means for Climate Scientists to Engage and Inform Public Audiences - Illustrated by the Play '2071 - The World We'll Leave Our Grandchildren' Comissioned by the Royal Court Theatre, London and the Deutsches Schauspielhaus, Hamburg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rapley, C. G.

    2015-12-01

    In order to engage greater public interest in science it is necessary to move beyond the traditional academic "information deficit" mode of communication, with its emphasis on the delivery and explantion of 'facts'. This is especially the case for topics such as climate science, which have the potential to provoke strong conscious or unconscious emotional and ideological audience reactions. The use of personalised narrative and storytelling offers a means to draw in non-experts in a way that overcomes barriers of disinterest or prejudice. The talk will address the role of climate scientists in communicating within the public square, and will use the play '2071 - The World We'll Leave Our Grandchildren" as an example of how theatre can provide an effective means of communicating complex and provocative knowledge and understanding. The play was commissioned by the Royal Court Theatre, London and the Deutshes Schauspielhaus, Hamburg. It received positive reviews and sold out at the London venue.

  18. DFVLR/FAA (Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft und Raumfahrt/Federal Aviation Administration) Propeller Noise Tests in the German-Dutch Wind Tunnel DNW. Appendix IV. The Effect of Propeller Disc-Plane Attitude (Propeller 1: Thickness 6.4%, Round Tip-Shape),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    8.7 Hzj . -1)0 I ’ 0~ wD1001 90 " a- • ..°I 60 I ’ 0 10 20 30 0 HARMONIC NUMBER 20 1W SKHz FREQUENC i-.. -7...TIME - REV. 2AVERAGE (69) POWER SPECTRUM% 110 OF= 8.7 HZj 1I100 a~ 30 (p80 70 - 010 20 3𔃺 HARMONIC NUMeER 0 12K HZ FREQUENCY -.. 4- 4% % { DATA...AVERAGE (6,4) POWER SPECTRUM ~ 180 OF= 7.5 Hzj .- 00 a-- -J 90 ui~J 0 10 20 30 4 HARMONIC NUMBER 0 2 KHz FREQUENCY 4 DATA POINT: FN-4 PUN:. 169 N,: P

  19. Implementierung eines Rolling Horizon Ansatzes zur Anwendung bei der Lokomotiveneinsatzoptimierung (Implementation of a Rolling Horizon Approach to its Application for Locomotive Scheduling)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Kooperationspartners Deutsche Bahn 1 1.2. Motivation und Ziel der Arbeit 2 1.3. Aufbau der Arbeit . . . . 3 2. Mathematischen Grundlagen 4 2.1...RHH Tfz VR VRP VSP Aircraft Sequencing Problem Baureihe Deutsche Bahn First In First Out Abteilung Verkehrsnetzentwicklung und Verkehrsmodelle...zuerst der Kooperationspartner vorgestellt und im Anschluss auf die Problemstellung eingegangen. 1.1. Vorstellen des Kooperationspartners Deutsche

  20. International Data Archive

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1971-01-01

    and the International System. 20. Russett Bruce M., Karl Deutsch , Hayward Alker, and Harold Lasswell, World Handbook of Political and Social...Russett, Bruce M., Karl Deutsch , Hayward Alker, and Harold Lasswell. World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators. Data for 141 polities...August, 1969, Charles McClelland. (23,000 Events) World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators, First Edition, Bruce Russett, Karl Deutsch

  1. Research in Text Processing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-21

    Seminar on User Modeling, Deutsches Forschungszentrum fiir Kiinstliche Intelligenz GmbH (DFKI), Saarbruecken, Germany, November 1990. Douglas Appelt has...Italy, Novem- ber 1990. "* Douglas Appelt, "Weighted Abduction for Plan Ascription", Seminar on User Modeling, Deutsches Forschungszentrum fir...Understanding System) project in England, France, Netherlands, and Germany. "* A group at Deutsches Forschungszentrum ffir Kiinstliche Intelligenz GmbH (DFKI

  2. Panel on Emerging Petroleum and Natural Gas Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-30

    5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Deutsche Bank ,Theodor-Heuss- Allee 70,60486 Frankfurt, Germany, 8...Economist Deutsche Bank adam.sieminski@db.com + 1 202 662 1624 All prices are those current at the end of the previous trading session unless otherwise...indicated. Prices are sourced from local exchanges via Reuters, Bloomberg and other vendors. Data is sourced from Deutsche Bank and subject companies

  3. Historical Experiments and Science Education--From Conceptual Planning of Exhibitions to Continuing Education for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teichmann, Juergen

    2015-01-01

    At the Deutsches Museum in München, we established in the department of education during more than 35 years a series of historical experiments and constructed apparatus for pedagogic purposes. We use these reproductions mainly for continuing teacher education within our department. At the exhibitions of the Deutsches Museum there exist many…

  4. GPS Sounding of the Ionosphere Onboard CHAMP

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    Wilken Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) / Institut für Kommunikation und Navigation Kalkhorstweg 53 Neustrelitz GERMANY...Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) / Institut für Kommunikation und Navigation Kalkhorstweg 53 Neustrelitz GERMANY 8. PERFORMING

  5. Briefkasten oder Brieftaube? Zur Auswahl der Lexik in amerikanischen Deutschlehrwerken fuer die Grundstufe. ("Mailbox" or "Carrier Pigeon"? Selecting Vocabulary for American College-Level Elementary German Textbooks).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolton, Sibylle

    A comparison of four college-level elementary German textbooks reveals significant differences in the numbers of vocabulary entries in each textbook. Further comparison of three of the textbooks with the basic German vocabulary lists provided in "Kontaktschwelle Deutsch als Fremdsprache" and in "Das Zertificat Deutsch als Fremdsprache" reveal in…

  6. Briefkasten oder Brieftaube? Zur Auswahl der Lexik in amerikanischen Deutschlehrwerken fuer die Grundstufe. ("Mailbox" or "Carrier Pigeon"? Selecting Vocabulary for American College-Level Elementary German Textbooks).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolton, Sibylle

    A comparison of four college-level elementary German textbooks reveals significant differences in the numbers of vocabulary entries in each textbook. Further comparison of three of the textbooks with the basic German vocabulary lists provided in "Kontaktschwelle Deutsch als Fremdsprache" and in "Das Zertificat Deutsch als Fremdsprache" reveal in…

  7. Historical Experiments and Science Education--From Conceptual Planning of Exhibitions to Continuing Education for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teichmann, Juergen

    2015-01-01

    At the Deutsches Museum in München, we established in the department of education during more than 35 years a series of historical experiments and constructed apparatus for pedagogic purposes. We use these reproductions mainly for continuing teacher education within our department. At the exhibitions of the Deutsches Museum there exist many…

  8. 75 FR 13151 - In the Matter of the Applications of EDGX Exchange, Inc., and EDGA Exchange, Inc. for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... Frankfurt AG (``Eurex Frankfurt,'' and, with Deutsche B rse AG, the ``German Upstream Owners''). Eurex... owned by Deutsche B rse AG and SIX Swiss Exchange AG (``SWX''), a wholly-owned subsidiary of SIX Group... rse AG, Eurex Z rich, SWX, SWX Group, and Verein SWX Swiss Exchange. \\16\\ In this regard, through...

  9. Methanol: the Swiss army knife of star formation. Physical properties of early stages of high mass star formation.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leurini, Silvia; Schilke, Peter; Wyrowski, Friedrich; Menten, Karl

    Despite the major observational effort carried out in the last years by several authors (e.g. Molinari et al. 1996, Sridharan et al. 2002, Beuther et al. 2002), little is known about the initial phases of evolution of high-mass stars and their physics. A powerful diagnostic tool to investigate the early evolutionary sequence of high-mass stars is found in the analysis of their molecular spectra, which can be seen as fingerprints of a molecular cloud, as they carry the information on its chemistry, and therefore on its history, on its physical conditions and on its dynamics and kinematics. Often, symmetric rotors such as NH3 are used to probe a cloud's kinetic temperature (Walmsley & Ungerechts 1983, Danby et al. 1988), while linear molecules, e.g. CS, are used to determine its density (e.g. Snell et al. 1984, Beuther et al. 2002). However, different spatial distributions of the tracers (caused by their different chemistry) may complicate the picture, (see, e.g. Tafalla et al. 2002) as they often trace physically different and spatially non-coexisting gas components. It is thus desirable to trace all relevant physical parameters with a single molecule. Studies on slightly asymmetric rotors (H2CO: Mundy et al. 1987, Mangum & Wootten 1993; CH3OH: Leurini et al. 2004) reveal that these molecules can be used as diagnostic tools of both parameters, since slightly asymmetric molecules allow determinations of spatial density and often share a strong sensitivity to kinetic temperature with symmetric rotors. Leurini et al. 2004 have discussed the tracing properties of CH3OH, reaching the conclusion that CH3OH is indeed very useful as a prob of physical conditions in star forming regions in all mass regimes, since it has a very reach spectrum of transitions spread throughout all the centimeter, millimeter and submillimeter spectral windows. Moreover it is ubiquitously found in different regimes of star formation, from quiescent, cold (T ~ 10 K), dark clouds (Friberg et al

  10. STS-55 MS3 Harris conducts HOLOP experiment at SL-D2 Rack 11 aboard OV-102

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr works at Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) Rack 11 with the Holographic Optics Laboratory (HOLOP) aboard the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102.

  11. Telecommunications: Competitive Impact of Restructuring the International Satellite Organizations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-07-01

    service in the Americas include Anik (Canada); Solidaridad (Mexico); Hispasat (Spain); Nahuelsat (Argentina) and Brazilsat (Brazil). Also, the...Deutsche Telecom (DFS-kopernicus and Palapa); Telecom Mexico ( Solidaridad ); Embratel (Brazilsat). Their investment in competing systems is directly

  12. The Fabric of Reality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitaker, Andrew

    David Deutsch, The Fabric of Reality (London: Allen Lane, 1997), x+390 pp., ISBN 0-713-990619, hardback. David Deutsch's popular book, The Fabric of Reality, has already won acclaim as a sustained and comprehensible explanation of his own worldview, which encompasses his four main strands of quantum physics, epistemology, computation and evolution, as well as the many connections between them. Deutsch is a strong opponent of reductionism, and the latter three strands are 'high level' theories compared to quantum physics; but all four are to be regarded as fundamental because they are the theories that provide the deepest explanations. Deutsch considers that his worldview may be called the first genuine Theory of Everything; it would stand in strong contrast to the reductionist theories given that title at present. In fact he believes his approach may enable us to unify and explain not just science, but philosophy, logic, mathematics, ethics, politics and aesthetics.

  13. ARC-2010-ACD10-0242-022

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2010-12-17

    German Deligation visits Ames SOFIA Science Office for briefing. Left to right Jochen Homann, German State Secretary Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, and Manuel Wiedemann, post-doctorate student from the Deutsches SOFIA Institute, University of Stuttgart.

  14. Zu Problemen statistischer Methoden in der Sprachwissenschaft (Problems of Statistical Methods in Linguistics)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zorn, Klaus

    1973-01-01

    Discussion of statistical apparatus employed in L. Doncheva-Mareva's article on the wide-spread usage of the present and future tense forms with future meaning in German letters, Deutsch als Fremdsprache, n1 1971. (RS)

  15. Der Forschungsflughafen und das Institut fuer Luft- und Raumfahrtsysteme

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Forschungsflughafen Aerodata Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt DLR VW Air Services TU Braunschweig Luftfahrt-Bundesamt LBA Deutscher Aeroclub... Aerodata - Weltmarktführer für Flight Inspection Systeme Flight Inspection - Flugvermessung

  16. Alpha One Foundation

    MedlinePlus

    Languages French (Francais) German (Deutsch) Italian (Italiano) Spanish (Español) Portuguese (Portugues) Swedish (Svenska) Donate One Time Monthly Keep In Touch | About Us | Contact Us | What is the Alpha-1 ...

  17. The Ghost in the Atom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davies, P. C. W.; Brown, Julian R.

    1993-09-01

    Foreword; 1. The strange world of the quantum; 2. Alain Aspect; 3. John Bell; 4. John Wheeler; 5. Rudolf Peierls; 6. David Deutsch; 7. John Taylor; 8. David Bohm; 9. Basil Hiley; Glossary; Further reading; Index.

  18. 2 of 3 U.S. Patients Keep Unused Painkillers After Surgery

    MedlinePlus

    ... surgical oncologist at Northwell Health Cancer Institute in Lake Success, N.Y. Deutsch was not involved with ... M.D., surgical oncologist, Northwell Health Cancer Institute, Lake Success, N.Y.; Aug. 2, 2017, JAMA Surgery , ...

  19. Zweiter Linguistischer Orientierungskurs (Second Linguistic Orientation Course)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gosewitz, Uta; Wiegand, Herbert Ernst

    1973-01-01

    Report on the Second Linguistic Orientation Course sponsored by the Institut fur deutsche Sprache (Institute for the German Language) and funded by the Volkswagen Foundation; held at Mannheim, West Germany, February 21-March 3, 1972. (RS)

  20. Zu Problemen statistischer Methoden in der Sprachwissenschaft (Problems of Statistical Methods in Linguistics)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zorn, Klaus

    1973-01-01

    Discussion of statistical apparatus employed in L. Doncheva-Mareva's article on the wide-spread usage of the present and future tense forms with future meaning in German letters, Deutsch als Fremdsprache, n1 1971. (RS)

  1. Re-Inventing German Security and Defense Policy: A Struggle to be Understood

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    book, see “Publisher Drops Nazi Porno Book,” Deutsche Welle World News, 5 February 2004, www.dw-world.de 20 Günzel who was fired for his outward...ed_inhalt_06.php “Publisher Drops Nazi Porno Book,” Deutsche Welle World News, 5 February 2004, www.dw-world.de Pye, Lucian W. and Sidney Verba

  2. Laser Photodeposition and Photoetching Study.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-03-31

    J. Silversmith and T. F. Deutsch, "One-Step Repair of Transparent Defects in Hard-Surface Photo- lithographic Masks Via Laser Photodeposition...Microelectronics," CLEO 󈨕 Technical Digest, Paper THH5, Washington, D.C. June 1981. T. F. Deutsch, D. J. Ehrlich, D. D. Rathman, D. J. Silversmith ...D. J. Ehrlich, D. J. Silversmith , R. W. Mountain, and J. Y. Tsao, "Fabrication of Through-Wafer Via Conductor in Si by Laser Photochemical Prccessing

  3. Physics, History, and the German Atomic Bomb.

    PubMed

    Walker, Mark

    2017-04-27

    Physics, History, and the German Atomic Bomb. This paper examines the German concept of a nuclear weapon during National Socialism and the Second World War. Zusammenfassung: Physik, Geschichte und die deutsche Atombombe. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht die deutsche Vorstellung einer nuklearen Waffe während des Nationalsozialismus und des Zweiten Weltkrieges. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. Examination of the Open Market Corridor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-12-01

    Post Offices. In April 2003, Deutsche Post World Net acquired DHL and initiated a merger with two other major Deutsche Post Companies, Danzas ...both air cargo express delivery through DHL Express, and heavy freight and logistics through its DHL Danzas Air and Ocean division. DHL promises...shoulder fired Surface-to-Air missile.) DHL Danzas Air and Ocean also established five different hubs in Iraq’s neighboring countries to be used as

  5. TTCP Requirements Engineering and Rapid Prototyping Workshop Proceedings Held in Eatontown, New Jersey on November 14-16, 1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-05-01

    University USA Deutsch, Michael Carnegie-Mellon University SEI USA Fink, Robert C. Performance Resources, Inc. USA Fountain , Harrison Naval...Harlan Deutsch, Michael Harris, Donald C. Charette, Robert N. * Fountain , Harrison Menell, Raymond Fink, Robert C. Overmyer, Scott P. * Podracky, Mark A...Harrison D. Fountain US Naval Post Graduate School Computer Science Department Monterey, California 93943 (408) 646-2461 Dr. William Gilmore Internati

  6. Sequencing and Timing in Skilled Perception and Action: An Overview.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    nouns substitue for nouns, adverbs substitute for adverbs , syllables substitute for syllables, etc. What does not happen, for example, is that a...other important topics in timing, particularly of rhythm. The interested reader may consult important papers by Deutsch (1983), Povel (1981, 1984...164. Deutsch , D. The generation of two isochronous sequences in parallel. Perception and Psychophysics, 1983, 34, 331-337. Essens, P. J. & Povel, D

  7. Medical Robotic and Telesurgical Simulation and Education Research

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    Deutsch • Gerard Doherty • Brian Dunkin • Susan Dunlow • Gary Dunnington • Ricardo Estape • Peter Fabri • Vicenzo Ficarra • Marvin Fried • Gerald...Prokar Dasgupta • Ellen Deutsch • Gerard Doherty • Brian Dunkin • Susan Dunlow • Gary Dunnington • Ricardo Estape • Peter Fabri • Vicenzo Ficarra...further frontiers for more effective management or even a potential cure for several diseases . However, with the exponential growth of technology in

  8. Archaeological Test Excavation and Evaluation of Three Prehistoric Sites at Swift Bar, on the Lower Snake River, Southeastern Washington.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    1010a (ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No. 2) Cö-w\\’- ;^- Deutsche Forschungsanstalt - für Luft- und Raumfahrt AKWY/NAVY/AIR FORCE LIBRAtfV *- EDISON...WNA^- Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Luft- und Raumfahrt rDLR Forschungsbericht Das Arbeitsplatzsystem APS der DLR ein wirtschaftliches System...Zentrale Datenverarbeitung Oberpfaffenhofen 44 Seiten 1 Bild 1 Tabelle DLR-FB 90-08 Accession For NTT.S GRA&I DTIC TAB Unannounced

  9. Vaccine Acquisition Strategies - The Force Health Protection Gamble

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Wayne Foxworth Project Advisor The views expressed in this academic research paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official...NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR (S) Deutsch , Mary R. ; 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7...Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39.18 ii iii ABSTRACT AUTHOR : Mary R. Deutsch TITLE: Vaccine Acquisition Strategies-The Force Health Protection Gamble FORMAT

  10. Military Periodicals.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-01

    per year) ICDM of North America, Inc. 2065 Martin Avenue, Ste. 104 Santa Clara, California 95050 Executive Editor: Rosalyn 0. Barry $36.00 NCOA...Djurgaardsslatten 92 115 21 Stockholm, Sweden Telephone: 08-782 56 10 Editor: Hans Ulfhielm Kr. 30 Militaer Geschichte (6/yr) Institut Fuer Deutsche ... Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Heereskunde e.v. Augustin-Wibbelt Strasse 8 4720 Beckum, West Germany DM.60 Znamenosets (M) (Formerly Starshina

  11. German guidelines for the diagnosis and management of infective endocarditis.

    PubMed

    2007-06-01

    This Gudelines are the translation of the German Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Infective Endocarditis, which were prepared by the Working Group on Infective Endocarditis of the Paul-Ehrlich-Society and the German Society for Cardiology, Heart, and Circulatory Research in cooperation with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Thorax-, Herz und Gefässchirurgie (DGTHG; German Society for Thorax-, Cardiac-, and Vascular Surgery), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Infektiologie (DGI; German Society for Infectious Diseases), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internistische Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin (DGIIN; German Society for Internal Intensive Care Medicin and Emergency Medicine), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie (DGHM; German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Innere Medizin (DGIM; German Society for Internal Medicine) (Naber CK et al. [S2 Guideline for diagnosis and therapy of infectious endocarditis] Z Kardiol. 2004;93:1005-21). The Guidelines provide recommendations for the diagnosis and management of infective endocarditis.

  12. The octave illusion revisited again.

    PubMed

    Deutsch, Diana

    2004-04-01

    The octave illusion (D. Deutsch, 1974) occurs when 2 tones separated by an octave are alternated repeatedly, such that when the right ear receives the high tone, the left ear receives the low tone, and vice versa. Most subjects in the original study reported hearing a single tone that alternated from ear to ear, whose pitch also alternated from octave to octave, and D. Deutsch (1975a) proposed an explanation in terms of separate what and where auditory pathways. C. D. Chambers, J. B. Mattingley, and S. A. Moss (2002) argued that the perceived pitch difference generally corresponds more to a semitone and proposed an alternative explanation in terms of diplacusis. This article argues that Chambers et al. used problematic procedures and reports a new experiment on the octave illusion. The findings confirm that an octave difference is generally perceived, and they agree with the model of Deutsch (1975a) but are at variance with the diplacusis hypothesis.

  13. Distinguishing quantum states using time-traveling qubits in the presence of thermal environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dziewit, Bartosz; Richter, Monika; Dajka, Jerzy

    2017-03-01

    We consider quantum circuits with time travel designed for distinguishing specific nonorthogonal quantum states in two of the most popular models: Deutsch's and postselected. We modify them by the presence of a weakly coupled thermal environment. Using the Davies approximation, we study how the thermal noise affects the ability of circuits to distinguish nonorthogonal quantum states. We show that for a purely dephasing environment the paradoxical power of such circuits remains preserved. We also present a physics-based argument for conditions of validity of the maximum-entropy rule introduced by Deutsch for resolving the uniqueness ambiguity in a circuit with time travel.

  14. Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

    MedlinePlus

    ... Adults Common Questions & Glossary Additional Resources Professionals About SRS العَرَبِية 中文 فارسی français deutsche Ελληνικά Italiano 日本語 ... with spinal deformity Patients and Families Professionals About SRS Türkçe español português 한국어 日本語 Ελληνικά deutsche Italiano ...

  15. Interfacing external quantum devices to a universal quantum computer.

    PubMed

    Lagana, Antonio A; Lohe, Max A; von Smekal, Lorenz

    2011-01-01

    We present a scheme to use external quantum devices using the universal quantum computer previously constructed. We thereby show how the universal quantum computer can utilize networked quantum information resources to carry out local computations. Such information may come from specialized quantum devices or even from remote universal quantum computers. We show how to accomplish this by devising universal quantum computer programs that implement well known oracle based quantum algorithms, namely the Deutsch, Deutsch-Jozsa, and the Grover algorithms using external black-box quantum oracle devices. In the process, we demonstrate a method to map existing quantum algorithms onto the universal quantum computer.

  16. Suicide assisted by two Swiss right-to-die organisations.

    PubMed

    Fischer, S; Huber, C A; Imhof, L; Mahrer Imhof, R; Furter, M; Ziegler, S J; Bosshard, G

    2008-11-01

    In Switzerland, non-medical right-to-die organisations such as Exit Deutsche Schweiz and Dignitas offer suicide assistance to members suffering from incurable diseases. First, to determine whether differences exist between the members who received assistance in suicide from Exit Deutsche Schweiz and Dignitas. Second, to investigate whether the practices of Exit Deutsche Schweiz have changed since the 1990s. This study analysed all cases of assisted suicide facilitated by Exit Deutsche Schweiz (E) and Dignitas (D) between 2001 and 2004 and investigated by the University of Zurich's Institute of Legal Medicine (E: n = 147; D: n = 274, total: 421). Furthermore, data from the Exit Deutsche Schweiz study which investigated all cases of assisted suicide during the period 1990-2000 (n = 149) were compared with the data of the present study. More women than men were assisted in both organisations (D: 64%; E: 65%). Dignitas provided more assistance to non-residents (D: 91%; E: 3%; p = 0.000), younger persons (mean age in years (SD): D: 64.5 (14.1); E: 76.6 (13.3); p = 0.001), and people suffering from fatal diseases such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (D: 79%; E: 67%; p = 0.013). Lethal medications were more often taken orally in cases assisted by Dignitas (D: 91%; E: 76%; p = 0.000). The number of women and the proportion of older people suffering from non-fatal diseases among suicides assisted by Exit Deutsche Schweiz has increased since the 1990s (women: 52% to 65%, p = 0.031; mean age in years (SD): 69.3 (17.0) to 76.9 (13.3), p = 0.000), non-fatal diseases: 22% to 34%, p = 0.026). Weariness of life rather than a fatal or hopeless medical condition may be a more common reason for older members of Exit Deutsche Schweiz to commit suicide. The strong over-representation of women in both Exit Deutsche Schweiz and Dignitas suicides is an important phenomenon so far largely overlooked and in need of further study.

  17. Development of Fracture Mechanics Maps for Composite Materials. Volume 3.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-01

    RD-At69 W4 DEVELOPMENT OF FRCTURE ECHNICS NPS FOR COMPOSITE V3jMATERIALS VOLUME 3( ) DEUTSCHE FORSCHUNOS- UND YERSUCHSANSTALT FUER LUFT- UND RAUMF...ungekerbter CFK -Laminate J.- Block DFVLR 4 Institut~~ ~ firSrutrecai Braunschweig le- DEUTSCHE ~~~~~*~ FOSHUG-UN ERUHA:TL Y FOR LUFT- UND RAUMFAHRT E.V...Laminaten mittels Schallemissionsanalyse e Braunschweig, den 15.11.1984 Der Bericht umfal~t-:-:. 32 Seiten mit . %. * 14 Bildern und 1 Anhang Institutsleiter

  18. Drive decay: the cause of fast "extinction" of habits learned for brain stimulation.

    PubMed

    HOWARTH, C I; DEUTSCH, J A

    1962-07-06

    According to Deutsch's theory of intracranial self-stimulation, cessation of responding after the withdrawal of the stimulus should be a simple function of time without stimulation. To test this prediction, the lever was withdrawn from a Skinner box for varying times, then replaced and normal extinction completed. The number of extinction trials was a simple function of the time the lever was out of the box, thus confirming Deutsch's hypothesis that cessation of responding in this instance is due to a decay of a motivational excitation produced by the electrical stimulation, and not a function of the number of unreinforced trials as in normal extinction.

  19. Childhelp

    MedlinePlus

    ... English Français Deutsch Español The Issue What is Child Abuse? Child Abuse Statistics Our Story The History of Childhelp Sara & ... Safe Childhelp Community Center Intervention Programs Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline Childhelp Foster Care & Adoption Services Childhelp Group ...

  20. Constructing a New Vision: Undoing Gender through Secondary Education in Honduras

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy-Graham, Erin

    2009-01-01

    This article presents results from a qualitative study on how the Honduran secondary education programme, "Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial" (SAT), attempts to "undo gender" (Deutsch 2007: 122) by encouraging students to rethink gender relations in their everyday lives in a way that reflects their increased consciousness of…

  1. Antisense Oligodeoxynucleotide Inhibition of HIV Gene Expression

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-20

    8162t1986). (8, 8) (0. I) (424-911) 26. Neckers, L M., Bauer, S.. Mc~ lernen , R. C., Trepel, J. B., Rao, K. & Greene, W. C. Mdclc. PHA-stirnulated cells 40 30...actoimyosin.ADP.Pi state; and (3) 0 S. was a visiting fellow supported by the Deutsche Kreb- that a preceding step, probably an actomyosln.ADP.Pi lsoineri

  2. European Science Notes Information Bulletin (ESNIB) Reports on Current European/Middle Eastern Science

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    project called centers in the US. There are now new cooperative efforts "Machine Learning" (Maschinelles Lernen , [ML]). This underway, especially...Collins The Pearl Program and Process Control at the University of Hannover 10:12 Daniel J. Collins Electronics The Research Institute of the Deutsche

  3. Resolving Conflicts in Natural and Grammatical Gender Agreement: Evidence from Eye Movements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dank, Maya; Deutsch, Avital; Bock, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    The present research investigated the attraction phenomenon, which commonly occurs in the domain of production but is also apparent in comprehension. It particularly focused on its accessibility to conceptual influence, in analogy to previous findings in production in Hebrew (Deutsch and Dank, "J Mem Lang," 60:112-143, 2009). The…

  4. Quantum probability from decision theory?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnum, H.; Caves, C. M.; Finkelstein, J.; Fuchs, C. A.; Schack, R.

    2000-05-01

    In a recent paper (quant-ph/9906015), Deutsch claims to derive the "probabilistic predictions of quantum theory" from the "non-probabilistic axioms of quantum theory" and the "non-probabilistic part of classical decision theory." We show that his derivation fails because it includes hidden probabilistic assumptions.

  5. 75 FR 64384 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Order Instituting Proceedings To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-19

    ..., particularly in times of market stress, and exacerbate market volatility.\\8\\ \\7\\ See BATS Letter at 2; Deutsche... Volatility Guard to work within the parameters of the recently adopted single-stock circuit breakers, and to... the increasing number of LRPs on May 6 played into their decisions to reduce liquidity, pause...

  6. Probabilities and Shannon's Entropy in the Everett Many-Worlds Theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wichert, Andreas; Moreira, Catarina

    2016-12-01

    Following a controversial suggestion by David Deutsch that decision theory can solve the problem of probabilities in the Everett many-worlds we suggest that the probabilities are induced by Shannon's entropy that measures the uncertainty of events. We argue that a relational person prefers certainty to uncertainty due to fundamental biological principle of homeostasis.

  7. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

    MedlinePlus

    ... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Amharic (amarunya) Arabic (العربية) Chinese - Traditional (繁體中文) French (français) German (Deutsch) ... Amharic) PDF Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Arabic (العربية) Carbon Monoxide Poisoning English (Arabic) العربية PDF ...

  8. Legal Bases for the Use of Force Against International Terrorism: The U.S. Paradigm of Humanitarian Self-Defense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-04-01

    MALAYSIAN NATIONAL NEWS AGENCY , Aug. 24, 1998, at News, at 1. 13 Hamas Condemns U.S. Strikes Against Sudan, Afghanistan, DEUTSCHE PRESSE-AGENTUR, Aug. 20...Id. 15 Malaysia Supports Sudan’s Callfor the Convening of a Special Session, ASIA INTELLIGENCE WIRE, BERNAMA, THE MALAYSIAN NATIONAL NEWS AGENCY , Aug

  9. Colloquium on Foreign Languages in the Elementary School Curriculum. Proceedings (New York, New York, September 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenbusch, Marcia, Ed.; Kremer, Douglas, Ed.

    A colloquium convened at the Deutsches Haus in New York is summarized that brought together experts to discuss (1) the significance foreign languages have for other elementary school subjects, and (2) what function the other subjects serve for early foreign language learning. The following six topics, guided by session leaders, provided the…

  10. 76 FR 65247 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ...), the Hessian Exchange Supervisory Authority, the Dutch Minister of Finance, the French Minister of the... Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). NYSE Euronext owns 100% of the equity interest of NYSE Group, Inc., a... ``NYSE Exchanges'')--the New York Stock Exchange, LLC (``NYSE''), NYSE Arca, Inc. (``NYSE Arca'') and...

  11. 76 FR 65288 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht), the Hessian Exchange Supervisory Authority, the Dutch Minister of Finance, the French Minister... Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). NYSE Euronext owns 100% of the equity interest of NYSE Group, Inc., a... ``NYSE Exchanges'')--the Exchange, NYSE Arca, Inc. (``NYSE Arca'') and NYSE Amex LLC (``NYSE Amex'')--and...

  12. [Advantages of Ocusert treatment (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Wagner, E

    1978-09-01

    The medical service of Deutsche Bundesbahn supervises through its eye-doctors all those employees who, affected to glaucoma caused by shift and stress, are rated approximately 170 per year. The drug carrier Ocusert (Federal Republic of Germany: Chemie Grünenthal) which is applied on most of the glaucomas is discussed-especially with regard to social-medical aspects.

  13. Worldwide Report, Telecommunications Policy, Research and Development No. 275.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-10

    to Cologne would receive a record with Mozart pieces for three pianos (Schmidt equitably having left the more rewarding 16 part to Mr Christoph...Japanese Mozart aficionados wrote in. Also popular are the practical T-shirts with the emblem of Deutsche Welle, a stylized globe, or— in the Third

  14. Meningitis - Multiple Languages

    MedlinePlus

    ... français) German (Deutsch) Hindi (हिन्दी) Hmong (Hmoob) Japanese (日本語) Khmer (Cambodian) (Khmer / ភាសាខ្មែរ) ... Hmong) PDF Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Japanese (日本語) Expand Section Lumbar Puncture - 日本語 (Japanese) Bilingual ...

  15. Competitive Aggression without Interaction: Effects of Competitive versus Cooperative Instructions on Aggressive Behavior in Video Games.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Craig A.; Morrow, Melissa

    1995-01-01

    Extended and tested Deutsch's theory of competition effects. Predicted that people view competitive situations as inherently more aggressive than cooperative ones. Predicted that leading people to think of an aggressive situation in competitive terms would increase aggressive behavior. Increase of kill ratio occurred in absence of changes in…

  16. Assessing Follow Through: Changes in Intelligence Test Scores over Two and Three Years of Experience in the Responsive Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rayder, Nicolas; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Four Wechsler subscales were administered in a longitudinal design to children from the Responsive Model Follow Through Program. On the first testing, subjects' average intelligence scores were significantly lower, but on subsequent tests equivalent to or higher than national norms, calling into question Deutsch's cumulative-deficit hypothesis.…

  17. The Efforts of Educational Interest Groups To Defeat Merit Pay for Teachers in Pennsylvania: 1983-1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiore, Alice Marie

    Efforts of educational interest groups to defeat merit pay for Pennsylvania teachers during 1983-1986 are explored in this case study. Political systems theory and allocative theory provide the conceptual framework. Deutsch's (1973) outline of variables that affect the course of conflict was used to organize indepth personal interviews and a…

  18. ECHO: A Computer Based Test for the Measurement of Individualistic, Cooperative, Defensive, and Aggressive Models of Behavior. Occasional Paper No. 30.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krus, David J.; And Others

    This paper describes a test which attempts to measure a group of personality traits by analyzing the actual behavior of the participant in a computer-simulated game. ECHO evolved from an extension and computerization of Horstein and Deutsch's allocation game. The computerized version of ECHO requires subjects to make decisions about the allocation…

  19. Do Our Students Learn What We Teach Them?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boss, Bettina; Jansen, Louise

    2003-01-01

    Teachers like to believe that students learn what they are taught. Following up on research that questions this belief, a large-scale study of the acquisition of German as a foreign language by French-speaking school students in Geneva (DiGS, or "Deutsch in Genfer Schulen," "German in Geneva schools") further explored the…

  20. Multipartite entanglement in quantum algorithms

    SciTech Connect

    Bruss, D.; Macchiavello, C.

    2011-05-15

    We investigate the entanglement features of the quantum states employed in quantum algorithms. In particular, we analyze the multipartite entanglement properties in the Deutsch-Jozsa, Grover, and Simon algorithms. Our results show that for these algorithms most instances involve multipartite entanglement.

  1. Hoer-Sprech-Uebungen fuer Iraner (Aural-Oral Exercises for Iranians).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scharf, Kurt

    1980-01-01

    Exercises are presented as supplementary material for beginning classes. Many examples illustrate ways to consolidate the learned material, with particular reference to the textbook "Ich lerne Deutsch" and its pictures. Other exercises are designed to compare German and Farsi sentence structure. (IFS/WGA)

  2. Incorporating Critical Thinking and Authenticity into Business German Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egbert, Maria; Maxim, Hiram

    1998-01-01

    Proposes to integrate critical thinking and problem-solving into two existing international tests of business German (Prufung Wirtschaftsdeutsch International and Zertifikat Deutsch fur den Beruf), and to contextualize the tests' tasks in a more authentic business setting without compromising their content. Parallels are drawn with the American…

  3. Facilitative Dimensions in Interpersonal Relations: Verifying the Theoretical Assumptions of Carl Rogers in School, Family Education, Client-Centered Therapy, and Encounter Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tausch, Reinhard

    1978-01-01

    Summarized numerous different projects which investigated assumptions made by Carol Rogers about the necessary and sufficient conditions for significant positive change in person-to-person contact. Findings agree with Rogers' about the importance of empathy, genuineness, and respect. Presented at the Thirtieth Congress of Deutsch Gesell Schaft for…

  4. Wien und Wein: Connecting Sound and Symbol in First-Year German.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Philip N.

    1984-01-01

    Describes a technique to train students to associate correct pronunciation of German with the graphemes as soon as they see them. When a student misreads a word, he or she is asked to compare that word with very common words which are almost never mispronounced or misspelled, such as "ein,""die," and "deutsch." (SED)

  5. Language and Music as Communication: A Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Roger; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Roger Brown, Diana Deutsch, Warren Benson, and Ruth Day comment on the similarities and differences between verbal language and music as forms of communication. This discussion occurred at the first session of the National Symposium on the Applications of Psychology to the Teaching and Learning of Music, Ann Arbor. (SJL)

  6. Cultural Representations in Foreign Language Teaching: A Critique of Four BBC Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mar-Molinero, Clare

    1992-01-01

    Examines four well-known BBC language courses, "Deutsch Direkt!""A Vous la France!""Viva Espana," and "Buongiorno Italia!" It is suggested that these courses focus on tourism, stereotyping both learners and the target culture and that the presentation of the cultural materials is unrealistic. (VWL)

  7. ARC-2010-ACD10-0242-021

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2010-12-17

    German Deligation visits Ames SOFIA Science Office for briefing. Left to right Jochen Homann, German State Secretary Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, Dr. Benno Bunse, President & CEO, German American Chamber of Commerce, New York, Manuel Wiedemann, post-doctorate student from the Deutsches SOFIA Institute, University of Stuttgart.

  8. Taking Decisions: Assessment for University Entry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plassmann, Sibylle; Zeidler, Beate

    2014-01-01

    Language testing means taking decisions: about the test taker's results, but also about the test construct and the measures taken in order to ensure quality. This article takes the German test "telc Deutsch C1 Hochschule" as an example to illustrate this decision-making process in an academic context. The test is used for university…

  9. Review of Recent Research (1998-2012) in German for Academic Purposes (GAP) in Comparison with English for Academic Purposes (EAP): Cross-Influences, Synergies and Implications for Further Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaworska, Sylvia

    2015-01-01

    This state-of-the-art review reports on the major studies conducted in the field of "Deutsch als Wissenschaftssprache" (academic German) since the late 1990s. To begin with, the current position of German as a language of academic communication nationally and internationally will be discussed, focusing especially on the challenges posed…

  10. Culture Curriculum for German, Level I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Larry M.; Loew, Helene Z.

    This teacher's guide to cultural instruction in a level-1 German course is designed to be used with the text "Deutsch, Erstes Buch, Erster Teil." Instructional observations pertain to the first eight lessons of the text and comprise the major portion of this text including: (1) die Post, (2) Munchen, (3) Sport in Deutschland, (4) die deutschen…

  11. Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

    2001-01-01

    Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

  12. The Octave Illusion Revisited Again

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deutsch, Diana

    2004-01-01

    The octave illusion (D. Deutsch, 1974) occurs when 2 tones separated by an octave are alternated repeatedly, such that when the right ear receives the high tone, the left ear receives the low tone, and vice versa. Most subjects in the original study reported hearing a single tone that alternated from ear to ear, whose pitch also alternated from…

  13. German 1990: Intensive and Diverse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kempf, Franz R.

    1990-01-01

    Suggests the following methods for improving university-level German language education curricula: reduce skill-development time through immersion programs, adopt Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache as the proficiency standard for advanced students, and include literature from a variety of liberal arts disciplines in the reading materials for…

  14. Prospects for the Working Poor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, S. M.

    1970-01-01

    Based on a chapter entitled "Barriers to Employment of the Disadvantaged by Martin Deutsch and S. M. Miller in "Manpower Report of the President, 1968. Discusses the Nixon proposals for remediating poverty in relation to the socioeconomic factors operating to maintain the condition of being poor while working. (JM)

  15. Solving Conflicts--Not Just for Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scherer, Marge

    1992-01-01

    Although teachers can gain as much as students from practicing conflict resolution procedures, they often remain unconvinced about benefits unless they actually try them. Drawing on experimental programs in Pittsburgh and New York City, this article describes the basics of moving adults from conflict to collaboration. Morton Deutsch's sidebar…

  16. Education in Colonial Africa: The German Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    vanderPloeg, Arie J.

    1977-01-01

    Examines the introduction and growth of state-supported schools in two German colonies in Africa, Kamerun and Deutsch Ostafrika, describes African reaction to and utilization of them, assesses, from the colonial perspective, why such schools were introduced and what they were intended to accomplish, and examines the reasons for their differential…

  17. Lost (and Found) in Translation: Learning from German Language Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doecke, Brenton

    2016-01-01

    This essay introduces two presentations (or "Vorträge") by Ulf Abraham and Thomas Zabka that were originally published in the German journal, "Didaktik Deutsch." I reflect on the complexities of translation and intercultural communication, and ask how we might meaningfully compare the policy environment of one country with that…

  18. Entwicklung neuer Uebungsformen durch die Einbeziehung des Mediums Fernsehen (Development of New Types of Exercises through the Use of Television)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eggers, Dietrich

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the use of television in university-preparatory schools. The exercises are supplementary to "Deutsch 2000" (M. Hueber, Munich), and deal with land and culture. Three short films are presented, for use in free comment. Examples of grammar, vocabulary and dictation exercises are given. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  19. Hit or Miss, or Missing: The Role of Second Language Acquisition Research in Language Teacher Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rankin, Jamie

    1994-01-01

    This article discusses how the syllabus for language teacher training in German has evolved and considers what direction foreign language teacher training might take if it were to follow the cue of "Deutsch als Fremdsprache" and appropriate the research agenda of second-language acquisition studies. (Contains 51 references.) (JL)

  20. Cultural Dimensions of Digital Library Development, Part I: Theory and Methodological Framework for a Comparative Study of the Cultures of Innovation in Five European National Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalbello, Marija

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the influence of culture on digital libraries of the first wave. The local cultures of innovation of five European national libraries (Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library) are reconstructed in case histories from…

  1. Cultural Dimensions of Digital Library Development, Part II: The Cultures of Innovation in Five European National Libraries (Narratives of Development)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalbello, Marija

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the narrative accounts of the beginnings of digital library programs in five European national libraries: Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library. Based on interviews with policy makers and developers of digital…

  2. Initial Evaluation of Advanced Powder Metallurgy Magnesium Alloys for Armor Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    INSTITUT FUR KURZZEITDYNAMIK ERNST MACH INSTITUT V HOHLER E STRASSBURGER R TRAM K THOMA ECKERSTRASSE4 D 79 104 FREIBURG GERMANY...1X5 CANADA 2 DEUTSCH FRANZOSISCHES FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT ST LOUIS H ERNST H LERR CEDEX 5 RUE DU GENERAL CASSAGNOU F 68301 SAINT

  3. BKG/DGFI Combination Center Annual Report 2012

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bachmann, Sabine; Loesler, Michael; Heinkelmann, Robert; Gerstl, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This report summarizes the activities of the Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (Bundesamt fuer Kartographie und Geodaesie, BKG) and the German Geodetic Research Institute (Deutsches Geodaetisches Forschungsinstitut, DGFI)BKG/DGFI Combination Center in 2011 and outlines the planned activities for the year 2012. The main focus was to stabilize outlier detection and to update the Web presentation of the combined products.

  4. Interactive Human Communication: Some Lessons Learned from Laboratory Experiments.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-09-16

    done with what I have called "immaculate prose." Words are formed into perfect sentences, with nouns, verbs, adverbs , and other parts of speech all in...20852 Dr. James H. Howard Dr. Stanley Deutsch Department of Psychology Office of Life Sciences Catholic University Headquarters, NASA Washington DC 20064

  5. Parsimonious or Profligate: How Many and Which Discourse Structure Relations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    slippery slope toward having to deal with the full ŗSimilarly, there is no guarantee that the terms VERB, NOUN, ADJECTIVE, ADVERB , etc. are the "right...Planning in the LILOG Project. Unpublished working document, Projekt LILOG, Institut fur Wissensbasierte Systeme, IBM Deutsch - land, Stuttgart. [Hovy 90a

  6. Intron size and genome size in plants.

    Treesearch

    J. Wendel; R. Cronn; I. Alvarez; B. Liu; R. Small; D. Senchina

    2002-01-01

    It has long been known that genomes vary over a remarkable range of sizes in both plants (Bennett, Cox, and Leitch 1997) and animals (Gregory 2001). It also has become evident that across the broad phylogenetic sweep, genome size may be correlated with intron size (Deutsch and Long 1999; Vinogradov 1999; McLysaght et al. 2000), suggesting that some component of genome...

  7. 49 CFR 571.120 - Tire selection and rims and motor home/recreation vehicle trailer load carrying capacity...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (3) “J” indicates Japan Automobile Tire Manufacturers' Association, Inc. (4) “D” indicates Deutsche..., have a minimum print size of 2.4 millimeters (3/32 inches) high and be printed in black print on a..., have a minimum print size of 2.4 millimeters (3/32 inches) high and be printed in black print on a...

  8. First Steps towards Successful Group Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, George M.; Tan, Hui Shan

    2015-01-01

    The use in education of small groups of two to four members receives substantial support from both theory and research (e.g., (Deutsch, 1949, 1962; Gillies, 2007; Johnson & Johnson, 2006; Lewin, 1935; Sharan, 1999; Slavin, 1995; Vygotsky, 1978, Webb, et al., 2009). This theory and research suggests that people learn more and gain affective…

  9. Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Vaccines - Multiple Languages

    MedlinePlus

    ... French (français) German (Deutsch) Hmong (Hmoob) Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) Japanese (日本語) Khmer (Cambodian) (Khmer / ភាសាខ្មែ ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) Expand Section Vaccine Information Statement (VIS) -- Tdap (Tetanus, ...

  10. Forces for Positive Change: Preparing Leaders for the 21st Century in an Undergraduate Honors Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polk, Denise M.

    2014-01-01

    Leadership education is offered in myriad ways at many institutions of higher education (Borgese, Deutsch, & Winkler, 2004). This article highlights the West Chester University Honors College (WCUHC), a highly selective, four-year program for undergraduate students. The WCUHC instituted a liberal education, interdisciplinary approach to…

  11. Strong Horses-Systems Thinking-Strategic Communication

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-30

    31, 2009). Leading Systems Theorist in the field of Political Science are Karl Deutsch of Yale University and David Easton of the University of...evolves (Lilienfeld, 1978, 213). According to David Easton, in order to better understand the system, one must fully be versed in how the pluralist...central decoding station for outbound and inbound communication traffic. 86 C. David

  12. A SELF-CONSISTENT DEUTSCHIAN ESP MODEL

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report presents a new version of the EPA I Southern Research Institute electrostatic precipitator (ESP) model. The primary difference between this and the standard (Revision 3) versions is in the treatment of the particulate space charge. Both models apply the Deutsch equatio...

  13. Cumulative Language Deficit Among Indian Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mickelson, Norma I.; Galloway, Charles G.

    The present language study, carried out by the University of Victoria and the Department of Indian Affairs during the summer of 1968, was based on the Deutsch "cumulative deficit hypothesis." (This theory has as one of its bases the idea that the lack of appropriate language stimulation in early home and school life makes success in…

  14. [Complementarity of causality and finality in biology--a report reviewing two lectures given at the 1987 annual meeting of the Leopoldina].

    PubMed

    Peil, J

    1988-01-01

    Reviews of the opening lecture of H. Mohr "The Elementary in the Science--Possibilities and Limits of the Reductionism" and of the final lecture of N. Bischof "Order and Organization as Heuristic Principles of the Reductive Way of Thinking" at the meeting 1987 of the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher LEOPOLDINA are framed by remarks about the connections between Biology and Physics.

  15. The Physical Basis of the Ionosphere in the Solar-Terrestrial System.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    K.H. Fricke for helpful discussions and to M. Roemer for his continued support. This research was financed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft...Swedish and French Auroral Investigation) viennent d’dtre entreprises en zone aurorale en coordination avec les projets STARE et EISCAT (CROCHET M

  16. East Europe Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-17

    Claim Farm Price Reform Promotes Wise Resource Use (Siegfried Doehler , Erhard Gerstenberg; DEUTSCHE BAUERNZEITUNG, No 34, 23 Aug 85) 1 LPG...BAUERNZEITUNG in German Vol 26 No 34, 23 Aug 85 pp 6-7 [Article by Siegfried Doehler , deputy manager of the Office of Prices, Council of Ministers, and Dr

  17. 75 FR 3053 - Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-19

    ....; Deutsche Asset Management (UK) Limited (the Applicant); UBS Financial Services Inc. and Its Affiliates... of the assets of such Collective Fund that are invested in shares of the Mutual Fund. This condition... for shares in the Mutual Fund is the net asset value (NAV) per share (as defined in Section III (h...

  18. Ethanol-Induced Taste Aversions: Lack of Involvement of Acetaldehyde and the Area Postrema

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    Bonison. H. L. Area postrema: Chemoreceptive trigger zone for 55-65. 1986. 1 vomiting-is that all. /J6h’ Stii 14: 1807-1917. 1974. 1S. Rabin. B. M...area postrema in radiation-induced taste aversion learning 7. Deutsch. J. A.. F. Molina and A. Puerto. Conditione. taste and emesis in cats . Pi’hvi

  19. Analyzing Global Interdependence. Volume III. Methodological Perspectives and Research Implications,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-11-01

    cybernetics and Habermas ’ Marxian writings on communicative competence. They may make possible respecifications of mixed interest choice situations in ways...Deutsch, The Nerves of Government: Models of Political Communication and Control (New York: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1963); and JUrgen Habermas

  20. Acquisition des competences discursives dans un contexte plurilingue (Acquisition of Discourse Competencies in a Multilingual Context).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berthoud, Anne-Claude, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This collection of articles on second language learning in a multilingual environment includes: "Franzosisch-Deutsch: Zweisprachiges Lernen au der Sekundarstufe 1" (French-German: Learning Two Languages at Secondary School, Level 1) (Otto Stern, Brigit Eriksson, Christine Le Pape, Hans Reutener, Cecilia Serra Oesch); "Das Projekt…

  1. Severe Weather Guide - Mediterranean Ports. 15. Haifa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-01

    Ship LANT (2) 31B1 Amphibious Cargo Ship LANT 31G1 Amphibious Transport Ship LANT 31H1 Amphibious Assault Ship LANT (2) 3111 Dock Landing Ship...GERMANY DIRECTOR, DEUTSCHES HYDROGRAPHISCHES INSTITUT TAUSCHSTELLE, POSTFACH 220 D2000 HAMBURG 4 FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY ISTITUTG UNIVERSITARIO

  2. Severe Weather Guide - Mediterranean Ports. 14. Ashdod

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-01

    Amphibious Transport Ship LANT 31HI Amphibious Assault Ship LANT (2) 3111 Dock Landing Ship LANT 31J1 Dock Landing Ship LANT 31M1 Tank Landing Ship LANT...REPUBLIC OF GERMANY 23 KIEL CEDEX, FRANCE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY INSTITUT FUR MEERESKUNDE DER DIRECTOR, DEUTSCHES ISTITUTO UNIVERSITARIO NAVALE

  3. Severe Weather Guide , Mediterranean Ports. 21. La Spezia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-01

    Amphibious Command Ship LANT (2) 31B1 Amphibious Cargo Ship LANT 31G1 Amphibious Transport Ship LANT 31H1 Amphibious Assault Ship LANT (2) 3111...DIRECTOR, DEUTSCHES HYDROGRAPHISCHES INSTITUT TAUSCHSTELLE, POSTFACH 220 D2000 HAMBURG 4 FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY ISTITUTO UNIVERSITARIO NAVALE

  4. Severe Weather Guide - Mediterranean Ports - 22. Venice

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-08-01

    Cargo Ship LANT 31G1 Amphibious Transport Ship LANT 31H1 Amphibious Assault Ship LANT (2) 3111 Dock Landing Ship LANT 31J1 Dock Landing Ship LANT...DUSTERNBROOKER WEG 20 23 KIEL FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY Dist-5 INSTITUT FUR MEERESKUNDE DER DIRECTOR, DEUTSCHES ISTITUTO UNIVERSITARIO NAVALE

  5. Beneath the Surface.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Andrew

    1998-01-01

    Discusses wood-flooring components for athletic facilities, what materials make up these floors, and how they affect a floor's performance once installed. The pros and cons of anchored versus floating systems are examined, including the issue of moisture resistance. Also discussed is the influence of Deutsches Institut fur Normans (DIN) standards…

  6. Educating Educators in a Volatile Climate--The Challenge of Modernising Higher Business Schools in Serbia and Montenegro

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollinshead, Graham

    2006-01-01

    This study is set in the rapidly changing higher educational environment that has ensued in Serbia and Montenegro in the post Milosevic era. Its primary focus is a "Training Trainers" initiative, mounted by the GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit/Society for Technical Co-operation), designed to upgrade the teaching…

  7. Distance Study in West Germany: The DIFF's Conceptual Contribution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rebel, Karlheinz

    1983-01-01

    The contributions of the Deutsches Institut fur Fernstudien (D.I.F.F.) to research in distance education and in the development of study units are analyzed in light of West German and international influences. Sixteen references are listed. (Author/MBR)

  8. Backgrounder: Final Rule for Current Good Manufacturing ...

    Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

    ... History. ... Tiếng Việt | 한국어 | Tagalog | Русский | العربية | Kreyòl Ayisyen | Français | Polski | Português | Italiano | Deutsch | 日本語 | فارسی | English. ...

  9. RotaTeq (Rotavirus Vaccine) and Intussusception Information

    Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

    ... History. ... Tiếng Việt | 한국어 | Tagalog | Русский | العربية | Kreyòl Ayisyen | Français | Polski | Português | Italiano | Deutsch | 日本語 | فارسی | English. ...

  10. SOPP 9151: Procedures for Handling Requests for ...

    Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

    ... History; ... Tiếng Việt | 한국어 | Tagalog | Русский | العربية | Kreyòl Ayisyen | Français | Polski | Português | Italiano | Deutsch | 日本語 | فارسی | English. ...

  11. SOPP 8507: Procedures for Responding to an Illegitimate ...

    Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

    ... History. ... Tiếng Việt | 한국어 | Tagalog | Русский | العربية | Kreyòl Ayisyen | Français | Polski | Português | Italiano | Deutsch | 日本語 | فارسی | English. ...

  12. Synthesis and Characterization of Superconducting Electronic Materials.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-11-15

    82172.5 II~1111 .4 1 1.6 ’- I -1 Il MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS-1963-A ........... ..................... eaj J.. o. e Q...San Diego, September 1984. Fermiflussigkeitseffekte in Superleitern, Verhandl. Deutsche Physik. Gesels . VI, 19, 509 (1984), J.A.X. Alexander, G.B

  13. Planning Sign Languages: Promoting Hearing Hegemony? Conceptualizing Sign Language Standardization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eichmann, Hanna

    2009-01-01

    In light of the absence of a codified standard variety in British Sign Language and German Sign Language ("Deutsche Gebardensprache") there have been repeated calls for the standardization of both languages primarily from outside the Deaf community. The paper is based on a recent grounded theory study which explored perspectives on sign…

  14. Modeling the Structure and Effectiveness of Intelligence Organizations: Dynamic Information Flow Simulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    World Policy. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. [Lawrence and Lorsch , 1969] Lawrence, Paul R.; and Lorsch , Jay W. (1969... Lorsch , 1969). Though all of these assumptions lend themselves to sensitivity analysis over multiple simulation runs (DIFS saves random number seeds...Terry; Conlon, Edward J.; Deutsch, Stuart Jay ; “Organizational Effectiveness: A Multiple-Constituency Approach.” Academy of Management Review

  15. The Need for Co-Operation in Creating and Maintaining Multilingual Subject Authority Files.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clavel-Merrin, Genevieve

    The tasks of creation, management, and maintenance of multilingual subject authority files require significant resources, and are therefore best carried out in cooperation. Four national libraries in Europe (the Swiss National Library, la Bibliotheque de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, and the British Library) have worked together on a…

  16. IFLA General Conference, 1986. Collections and Services Division. Section: Acquisitions and Exchange. Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

    Papers on acquisitions and exchange presented at the 1986 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) a condensed English version and the full German text of the presentation, "Document Exchange and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Council)--The Acquisition of Grey and Special Literature…

  17. Global Publishing and National Heritage: Selection of Internet Resources for National Bibliographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werner, Claudia

    This paper discusses the collection of digital publications at Die Deutsche Bibliothek as part of its mandate as the central archival library and national bibliographic center of the Federal Republic of Germany to collect, archive, index, and provide public access to all German and German-language publications. The first section describes the…

  18. A Regression Approach to Generate Aircraft Predictor Information

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-07-01

    Groton, CT 06340 Orlando, FL 32813 CDR James Goodson Dr. Alfred F. Smode Chief, Aerospace Psychology Division Training Analysis & Evaluation Group Naval...Stanley Deutsch Dr. Lloyd Hitchcock Office of Life Sciences Human Factors Engineering Branch Headquarters, NASA Crew Systems Department 600

  19. Cultural Dimensions of Digital Library Development, Part I: Theory and Methodological Framework for a Comparative Study of the Cultures of Innovation in Five European National Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalbello, Marija

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the influence of culture on digital libraries of the first wave. The local cultures of innovation of five European national libraries (Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library) are reconstructed in case histories from…

  20. Cultural Dimensions of Digital Library Development, Part II: The Cultures of Innovation in Five European National Libraries (Narratives of Development)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalbello, Marija

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the narrative accounts of the beginnings of digital library programs in five European national libraries: Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library. Based on interviews with policy makers and developers of digital…

  1. IFLA General Conference, 1986. Open Forum on IFLA Core Programmes. Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

    Papers presented at an open forum on IFLA core programs held at the 1986 general conference of IFLA include: (1) "The Current Activities of the IFLA International MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) Programme: International MARC Project--Deutsche Bibliothek (IMP-DB)," (Dieter Wolf, Germany), which reviews the duties of the IMP-DB program…

  2. Educating Educators in a Volatile Climate--The Challenge of Modernising Higher Business Schools in Serbia and Montenegro

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollinshead, Graham

    2006-01-01

    This study is set in the rapidly changing higher educational environment that has ensued in Serbia and Montenegro in the post Milosevic era. Its primary focus is a "Training Trainers" initiative, mounted by the GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit/Society for Technical Co-operation), designed to upgrade the teaching…

  3. Quantum algorithms for biomolecular solutions of the satisfiability problem on a quantum machine.

    PubMed

    Chang, Weng-Long; Ren, Ting-Ting; Luo, Jun; Feng, Mang; Guo, Minyi; Weicheng Lin, Kawuu

    2008-09-01

    In this paper, we demonstrate that the logic computation performed by the DNA-based algorithm for solving general cases of the satisfiability problem can be implemented more efficiently by our proposed quantum algorithm on the quantum machine proposed by Deutsch. To test our theory, we carry out a three-quantum bit nuclear magnetic resonance experiment for solving the simplest satisfiability problem.

  4. Official portrait of STS-55 SL-D2 Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter poses for his Official portrait. Walter is assigned to the STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) mission. This is the second dedicated German Spacelab flight. United States and German flags and a space shuttle orbiter model in launch configuration create the backdrop.

  5. Planning Sign Languages: Promoting Hearing Hegemony? Conceptualizing Sign Language Standardization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eichmann, Hanna

    2009-01-01

    In light of the absence of a codified standard variety in British Sign Language and German Sign Language ("Deutsche Gebardensprache") there have been repeated calls for the standardization of both languages primarily from outside the Deaf community. The paper is based on a recent grounded theory study which explored perspectives on sign…

  6. Assembled contigs of the synganglion transcriptome from an Australian population of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus microplus

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    In a collaboration with National Center for Genome Resources and University of Texas at El Paso researchers, we sequenced and assembled the transcriptome of the synganglion of the Texas strain (Deutsch) of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus. This transcriptome contains 43, 468 sequences and wa...

  7. Solving Conflicts--Not Just for Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scherer, Marge

    1992-01-01

    Although teachers can gain as much as students from practicing conflict resolution procedures, they often remain unconvinced about benefits unless they actually try them. Drawing on experimental programs in Pittsburgh and New York City, this article describes the basics of moving adults from conflict to collaboration. Morton Deutsch's sidebar…

  8. Culture Curriculum for German, Level I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Larry M.; Loew, Helene Z.

    This teacher's guide to cultural instruction in a level-1 German course is designed to be used with the text "Deutsch, Erstes Buch, Erster Teil." Instructional observations pertain to the first eight lessons of the text and comprise the major portion of this text including: (1) die Post, (2) Munchen, (3) Sport in Deutschland, (4) die deutschen…

  9. Assembled contigs of the synganglion transcriptome from a Texas population of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus microplus.

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    In a collaboration with National Center for Genome Resources and University of Texas at El Paso researchers, we sequenced and assembled the transcriptome of the synganglion of the Texas strain (Deutsch) of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus. This transcriptome contains 43, 468 sequences and wa...

  10. Effects of Cooperative, Competitive, and Individualized Goal Structures on Learning Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, David W.; Johnson, Roger T.

    A theoretical orientation to three goal structures (cooperation, competition, and individualization) is postulated, based upon Deutsch's extension of Lewin's theory of motivation. Lewin postulated that a state of tension within a person motivates movement toward the accomplishment of desired goals; a goal structure specifies the type of…

  11. Language and Music as Communication: A Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Roger; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Roger Brown, Diana Deutsch, Warren Benson, and Ruth Day comment on the similarities and differences between verbal language and music as forms of communication. This discussion occurred at the first session of the National Symposium on the Applications of Psychology to the Teaching and Learning of Music, Ann Arbor. (SJL)

  12. ECHO: A Computer Based Test for the Measurement of Individualistic, Cooperative, Defensive, and Aggressive Models of Behavior. Occasional Paper No. 30.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krus, David J.; And Others

    This paper describes a test which attempts to measure a group of personality traits by analyzing the actual behavior of the participant in a computer-simulated game. ECHO evolved from an extension and computerization of Horstein and Deutsch's allocation game. The computerized version of ECHO requires subjects to make decisions about the allocation…

  13. Lost (and Found) in Translation: Learning from German Language Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doecke, Brenton

    2016-01-01

    This essay introduces two presentations (or "Vorträge") by Ulf Abraham and Thomas Zabka that were originally published in the German journal, "Didaktik Deutsch." I reflect on the complexities of translation and intercultural communication, and ask how we might meaningfully compare the policy environment of one country with that…

  14. German in the Workplace: Workplace Learning for Immigrant and/or Ethnic Workers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmer, Veronika; Grünhage-Monetti, Matilde

    2014-01-01

    Although the importance of communicative competences in the workplace is conjured up in most discussions, there is little empirical research (in Germany) describing formal and informal communications in companies and branches with a high percentage of immigrant workers, particularly in the production sector. The study group "Deutsch am…

  15. Review of Recent Research (1998-2012) in German for Academic Purposes (GAP) in Comparison with English for Academic Purposes (EAP): Cross-Influences, Synergies and Implications for Further Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaworska, Sylvia

    2015-01-01

    This state-of-the-art review reports on the major studies conducted in the field of "Deutsch als Wissenschaftssprache" (academic German) since the late 1990s. To begin with, the current position of German as a language of academic communication nationally and internationally will be discussed, focusing especially on the challenges posed…

  16. Wien und Wein: Connecting Sound and Symbol in First-Year German.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Philip N.

    1984-01-01

    Describes a technique to train students to associate correct pronunciation of German with the graphemes as soon as they see them. When a student misreads a word, he or she is asked to compare that word with very common words which are almost never mispronounced or misspelled, such as "ein,""die," and "deutsch." (SED)

  17. Hoer-Sprech-Uebungen fuer Iraner (Aural-Oral Exercises for Iranians).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scharf, Kurt

    1980-01-01

    Exercises are presented as supplementary material for beginning classes. Many examples illustrate ways to consolidate the learned material, with particular reference to the textbook "Ich lerne Deutsch" and its pictures. Other exercises are designed to compare German and Farsi sentence structure. (IFS/WGA)

  18. Hit or Miss, or Missing: The Role of Second Language Acquisition Research in Language Teacher Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rankin, Jamie

    1994-01-01

    This article discusses how the syllabus for language teacher training in German has evolved and considers what direction foreign language teacher training might take if it were to follow the cue of "Deutsch als Fremdsprache" and appropriate the research agenda of second-language acquisition studies. (Contains 51 references.) (JL)

  19. Resolving Conflicts in Natural and Grammatical Gender Agreement: Evidence from Eye Movements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dank, Maya; Deutsch, Avital; Bock, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    The present research investigated the attraction phenomenon, which commonly occurs in the domain of production but is also apparent in comprehension. It particularly focused on its accessibility to conceptual influence, in analogy to previous findings in production in Hebrew (Deutsch and Dank, "J Mem Lang," 60:112-143, 2009). The…

  20. Culture Curriculum for German, Level II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oetiker, Rosemary

    This teacher's guide to cultural instruction in a level-2 German course is designed to be used with the text "Deutsch, Erstes Buch, Erster Teil." Instructional observations pertain to the seventh through the 12th lessons and comprise the major portion of this text including: )1) die Eisenbahn, (2) Reisen und Essen in Deutschland, (3) die Familie,…

  1. Do Our Students Learn What We Teach Them?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boss, Bettina; Jansen, Louise

    2003-01-01

    Teachers like to believe that students learn what they are taught. Following up on research that questions this belief, a large-scale study of the acquisition of German as a foreign language by French-speaking school students in Geneva (DiGS, or "Deutsch in Genfer Schulen," "German in Geneva schools") further explored the…

  2. The Octave Illusion Revisited Again

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deutsch, Diana

    2004-01-01

    The octave illusion (D. Deutsch, 1974) occurs when 2 tones separated by an octave are alternated repeatedly, such that when the right ear receives the high tone, the left ear receives the low tone, and vice versa. Most subjects in the original study reported hearing a single tone that alternated from ear to ear, whose pitch also alternated from…

  3. The Efforts of Educational Interest Groups To Defeat Merit Pay for Teachers in Pennsylvania: 1983-1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiore, Alice Marie

    Efforts of educational interest groups to defeat merit pay for Pennsylvania teachers during 1983-1986 are explored in this case study. Political systems theory and allocative theory provide the conceptual framework. Deutsch's (1973) outline of variables that affect the course of conflict was used to organize indepth personal interviews and a…

  4. Education in Colonial Africa: The German Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    vanderPloeg, Arie J.

    1977-01-01

    Examines the introduction and growth of state-supported schools in two German colonies in Africa, Kamerun and Deutsch Ostafrika, describes African reaction to and utilization of them, assesses, from the colonial perspective, why such schools were introduced and what they were intended to accomplish, and examines the reasons for their differential…

  5. Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

    2001-01-01

    Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

  6. Cultural Representations in Foreign Language Teaching: A Critique of Four BBC Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mar-Molinero, Clare

    1992-01-01

    Examines four well-known BBC language courses, "Deutsch Direkt!""A Vous la France!""Viva Espana," and "Buongiorno Italia!" It is suggested that these courses focus on tourism, stereotyping both learners and the target culture and that the presentation of the cultural materials is unrealistic. (VWL)

  7. A SELF-CONSISTENT DEUTSCHIAN ESP MODEL

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report presents a new version of the EPA I Southern Research Institute electrostatic precipitator (ESP) model. The primary difference between this and the standard (Revision 3) versions is in the treatment of the particulate space charge. Both models apply the Deutsch equatio...

  8. Competitive Aggression without Interaction: Effects of Competitive versus Cooperative Instructions on Aggressive Behavior in Video Games.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Craig A.; Morrow, Melissa

    1995-01-01

    Extended and tested Deutsch's theory of competition effects. Predicted that people view competitive situations as inherently more aggressive than cooperative ones. Predicted that leading people to think of an aggressive situation in competitive terms would increase aggressive behavior. Increase of kill ratio occurred in absence of changes in…

  9. Assessing Follow Through: Changes in Intelligence Test Scores over Two and Three Years of Experience in the Responsive Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rayder, Nicolas; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Four Wechsler subscales were administered in a longitudinal design to children from the Responsive Model Follow Through Program. On the first testing, subjects' average intelligence scores were significantly lower, but on subsequent tests equivalent to or higher than national norms, calling into question Deutsch's cumulative-deficit hypothesis.…

  10. The Professional Negotiator: Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity and Motivation To Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medford, Robert E.; Miskel, Cecil

    The investigation examined the relationship among role conflict, role ambiguity, and motivation to work of teacher-negotiators. The theoretical rationale for the study was formulated from the finding of Walton and McKersie, Deutsch, Vidmar and McGrath, and Blum concerning the negotiator's conflict with his adversary, his dependence on his…

  11. Entwicklung neuer Uebungsformen durch die Einbeziehung des Mediums Fernsehen (Development of New Types of Exercises through the Use of Television)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eggers, Dietrich

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the use of television in university-preparatory schools. The exercises are supplementary to "Deutsch 2000" (M. Hueber, Munich), and deal with land and culture. Three short films are presented, for use in free comment. Examples of grammar, vocabulary and dictation exercises are given. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  12. Studies in Deprivation. Occasional Paper, Special. NDEA National Institute for Advanced Study in Teaching Disadvantaged Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haubrich, Vernon, Ed.

    This document contains four papers. "Some Effects of Social Class and Race on Children's Language and Intellectual Abilities" by Martin Whiteman, Bert R. Brown, and Martin Deutsch is a report of research investigating several different interactions between environmental factors, socioeconomic status, race, and the cognitive and verbal abilities of…

  13. Facilitative Dimensions in Interpersonal Relations: Verifying the Theoretical Assumptions of Carl Rogers in School, Family Education, Client-Centered Therapy, and Encounter Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tausch, Reinhard

    1978-01-01

    Summarized numerous different projects which investigated assumptions made by Carol Rogers about the necessary and sufficient conditions for significant positive change in person-to-person contact. Findings agree with Rogers' about the importance of empathy, genuineness, and respect. Presented at the Thirtieth Congress of Deutsch Gesell Schaft for…

  14. Incorporating Critical Thinking and Authenticity into Business German Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egbert, Maria; Maxim, Hiram

    1998-01-01

    Proposes to integrate critical thinking and problem-solving into two existing international tests of business German (Prufung Wirtschaftsdeutsch International and Zertifikat Deutsch fur den Beruf), and to contextualize the tests' tasks in a more authentic business setting without compromising their content. Parallels are drawn with the American…

  15. New Media in the Design of a Learners' Dictionary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamper, Johann; Knapp, Judith

    This paper presents an interdisciplinary research project that aims at developing an electronic vocabulary acquisition system for the German and the Italian language called ELDIT (Elektronisches Lern(er)worterbuch Deutsch Italienisch). The approach for studying and practicing the vocabulary. To ensure maximum effectiveness of the learning process,…

  16. Prospects for the Working Poor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, S. M.

    1970-01-01

    Based on a chapter entitled "Barriers to Employment of the Disadvantaged by Martin Deutsch and S. M. Miller in "Manpower Report of the President, 1968. Discusses the Nixon proposals for remediating poverty in relation to the socioeconomic factors operating to maintain the condition of being poor while working. (JM)

  17. German 1990: Intensive and Diverse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kempf, Franz R.

    1990-01-01

    Suggests the following methods for improving university-level German language education curricula: reduce skill-development time through immersion programs, adopt Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache as the proficiency standard for advanced students, and include literature from a variety of liberal arts disciplines in the reading materials for…

  18. Taking Decisions: Assessment for University Entry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plassmann, Sibylle; Zeidler, Beate

    2014-01-01

    Language testing means taking decisions: about the test taker's results, but also about the test construct and the measures taken in order to ensure quality. This article takes the German test "telc Deutsch C1 Hochschule" as an example to illustrate this decision-making process in an academic context. The test is used for university…

  19. Constructing a New Vision: Undoing Gender through Secondary Education in Honduras

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy-Graham, Erin

    2009-01-01

    This article presents results from a qualitative study on how the Honduran secondary education programme, "Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial" (SAT), attempts to "undo gender" (Deutsch 2007: 122) by encouraging students to rethink gender relations in their everyday lives in a way that reflects their increased consciousness of…

  20. Sub-Saharan Africa Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-03-23

    Junctioh-Sunyani road and the Assembly Bridge Programme. The remaining four which are in their initial stages include the Kaneshie- Malam road...570,440,883.27 and 31,792,990.00 Deutsche Marks, Axim-Mpataba- Elubo 0478,324,418.66, Yamoransa-Takoradi, (2169.109,497.37, Kaneshie- Malam ,(2168

  1. 75 FR 16843 - Prohibited Transaction Exemptions Grant of Individual Exemptions Involving: 2010-09, Ivy Asset...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... made pursuant to a written offer by Deutsche Bank (the Offer) containing all of the material terms of... Rate Security (if reliable information is available). Either the Offer or other materials available to... rights or claims in connection with the Unrelated Sale; (g) The decision to accept the Offer or...

  2. Enhanced Competition: Shaping the Depots after Next.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Staff Analyst, Office of Business Planning , Joint Depot Maintenance Analysis Group, telephone interview by author, 7 February 1998. 39Deutsch...Technology, 11 March 1996, 49-50. Jenkinson, Dave, Staff Analyst, Office of Business Planning , Joint Depot Maintenance Analysis Group. Telephone interview

  3. Images of Germany: Past and Present. A Film Collection, Series II Instructional Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankenship, Glen; Hutcheson, Gwen

    This booklet offers classroom activities for use with 15 social studies-related films for teaching about Germany. The series of 25-minute films are made available by Deutsche Welle Television and Goethe House New York. Lessons in the booklet include: (1) "Germany Since 1945: A Focus on Berlin"; (2) "'I'll Get You All Out of Here!' A…

  4. Distance Study in West Germany: The DIFF's Conceptual Contribution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rebel, Karlheinz

    1983-01-01

    The contributions of the Deutsches Institut fur Fernstudien (D.I.F.F.) to research in distance education and in the development of study units are analyzed in light of West German and international influences. Sixteen references are listed. (Author/MBR)

  5. A genetic-algorithm-based method to find unitary transformations for any desired quantum computation and application to a one-bit oracle decision problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bang, Jeongho; Yoo, Seokwon

    2014-12-01

    We propose a genetic-algorithm-based method to find the unitary transformations for any desired quantum computation. We formulate a simple genetic algorithm by introducing the "genetic parameter vector" of the unitary transformations to be found. In the genetic algorithm process, all components of the genetic parameter vectors are supposed to evolve to the solution parameters of the unitary transformations. We apply our method to find the optimal unitary transformations and to generalize the corresponding quantum algorithms for a realistic problem, the one-bit oracle decision problem, or the often-called Deutsch problem. By numerical simulations, we can faithfully find the appropriate unitary transformations to solve the problem by using our method. We analyze the quantum algorithms identified by the found unitary transformations and generalize the variant models of the original Deutsch's algorithm.

  6. The mitochondrial genome of a Texas outbreak strain of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, derived from whole genome sequencing Pacific Biosciences and Illumina reads.

    PubMed

    McCooke, John K; Guerrero, Felix D; Barrero, Roberto A; Black, Michael; Hunter, Adam; Bell, Callum; Schilkey, Faye; Miller, Robert J; Bellgard, Matthew I

    2015-10-15

    The cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is one of the most significant medical veterinary pests in the world, vectoring several serious livestock diseases negatively impacting agricultural economies of tropical and subtropical countries around the world. In our study, we assembled the complete R. microplus mitochondrial genome from Illumina and Pac Bio sequencing reads obtained from the ongoing R. microplus (Deutsch strain from Texas, USA) genome sequencing project. We compared the Deutsch strain mitogenome to the mitogenome from a Brazilian R. microplus and from an Australian cattle tick that has recently been taxonomically designated as Rhipicephalus australis after previously being considered R. microplus. The sequence divergence of the Texas and Australia ticks is much higher than the divergence between the Texas and Brazil ticks. This is consistent with the idea that the Australian ticks are distinct from the R. microplus of the Americas.

  7. [Geriatric trauma centers - requirements catalog. An initiative to promote and guarantee the quality of care of elderly trauma patients receiving inpatient care].

    PubMed

    Gogol, M; van den Heuvel, D; Lüttje, D; Püllen, R; Reingräber, A C; Schulz, R-J; Veer, A; Wittrich, A

    2014-06-01

    For the care of the elderly, specific geriatric care facilities in hospitals and specialized rehabilitation centers have been established in the last 20 years throughout Germany. In addition, trauma surgery departments in hospitals and clinics also provide comprehensive care for trauma patients. The present requirements catalog was developed with the aim to ensure the standardization and quality assurance of these care facilities. Thus, the structural basics and, in particular, the structured cooperation between geriatrics and trauma surgery are described and defined in terms of structure, process, and outcome quality. The Bundesverband Geriatrie, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geriatrie, and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gerontologie und Geriatrie offer documentation for external and internal use and evaluation of the structures and processes for certification of geriatric trauma centers. Prerequisite for certification is to meet the technical requirements defined in the requirements catalogue or documents derived from it, and proof of a quality management system according to ISO 9001.

  8. NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy 747SP shows off its new blue-and-white livery at L-3 Communications' Integrated Systems in Waco, Texas

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2006-09-25

    NASA's freshly painted Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 747SP is shown at L-3 Communications Integrated Systems' facility in Waco, Texas, where major modifications and installation was performed. The observatory, which features a German-built 100-inch (2.5 meter) diameter infrared telescope weighing 20 tons, is approaching the flight test phase as part of a joint program by NASA and DLR Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Center). SOFIA's science and mission operations are being planned jointly by Universities Space Research Association (USRA) and the Deutsches SOFIA Institut (DSI). Once operational, SOFIA will be the world's primary infrared observatory during a mission lasting up to 20 years, as well as an outstanding laboratory for developing and testing instrumentation and detector technology.

  9. NASA's newly painted Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy 747SP is pushed back from L-3 Communications' Integrated Systems hangar in Waco, Texas

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2006-09-25

    NASA's freshly painted Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 747SP aircraft sits outside a hangar at L-3 Communications Integrated Systems' facility in Waco, Texas. The observatory, which features a German-built 100-inch (2.5 meter) diameter infrared telescope weighing 20 tons, is approaching the flight test phase as part of a joint program by NASA and DLR Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Center). SOFIA's science and mission operations are being planned jointly by Universities Space Research Association (USRA) and the Deutsches SOFIA Institut (DSI). Once operational, SOFIA will be the world's primary infrared observatory during a mission lasting up to 20 years, as well as an outstanding laboratory for developing and testing instrumentation and detector technology.

  10. [Treatment prevalence in pathological gambling].

    PubMed

    Queri, S; Erbas, B; Soyka, M

    2007-08-01

    Based on American studies lifetime prevalence of 'Pathological Gambling' (ICD-10, F 63.0) in Germany can be estimated at 0.5 %. That means about 400,000 gamblers requiring treatment. Epidemiological studies showed that only a little proportion is actually seeking treatment. Reliable knowledge about treatment prevalence does not exist for Germany. The study at hand using secondary data was performed to validate the estimation of the 'Deutsche Suchthilfestatistik' regarding inpatient and outpatient treatment prevalence in 'Pathological Gambling' with data from service providers (cost unit). The analysis proves the estimation of the German Addiction Statistics ('Deutsche Suchthilfestatistik') that the inpatient treatment prevalence has considerably risen. In spite of the consideration that treatment of pathological gambling is not limited to specialized hospitals there is still a considerable gap between estimated prevalence and treatment prevalence.

  11. East Europe Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, No. 2170

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    ALLGEMEINE in German 25 Jun 83 p 10 ["Two Cultures —Two States? A Comparative ’Cultural-Political Dictionary ’"--Review by Iring Fetscher of book...34Kulturpolitisches Woerterbuch, Bundesrepublik Deutschland/Deutsche Demokratische Republik im Vergleich" (Cultural-Political Dictionary , Federal...probably would have been more accurate to speak of "culture and politics" in the two states. The "Comparative Dictionary " was presumably patterned

  12. STS-55 MS3 Harris in life raft during emergency egress exercises at JSC WETF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Using a small single person life raft, STS-55 Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr floats in the pool located in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29. Harris, wearing a launch and entry suit (LES) and launch and entry helmet (LEH), prepares to send a flare during this launch emergency egress (bailout) training session. STS-55 with the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) payload will fly aboard Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, in 1993.

  13. STS-55 MS3 Harris holds turbine blade sample at SL-D2 Rack 8 Werkstofflabor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr, wearing gloves, holds turbine blade sample and examines it in front of the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) Rack 8 Werkstofflabor (WL) (Material Sciences Laboratory). Harris is working at the Furnace for Turbine-blade geometry specimens to process special metallic alloys and cast them in the shape of turbine blades. SL-D2 is the German-managed payload aboard Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102.

  14. STS-55 MS3 Harris and Payload Specialist Schlegel conduct Anthrorack experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel breathes into Rack 9 Anthrorack (AR) (Human Physiology Laboratory) device for Pulmonary Perfusion and Ventilation During Rest and Exercise experiment while working inside the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module aboard the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. In the background, Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr monitors his activity.

  15. Three-Dimensional Interactions and Vortical Flows with Emphasis on High Speeds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    experimental evidence, but there are also advantages to be gained by such an economy . Recently, J. C. R. Hunt et al. (1978) have shown that the notions of...Atraghji (1972), in which circum- ferential measurements of surface static pressure, surface impact pressure, and oil-dot flow visualization were...209, Jan. 1975. Fiechter, M., " Uber Wirbelsysteme an schlanken Rotationskbrpern und ihren Einfluss auf die aerodynamischen Beiwerte," Deutsch

  16. Quantum Optics Initiative

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-30

    does not include saturation, which is a very important effect in our measurements, especially for atmospheric pressure and below. The effects of... Cold Atom Meeting, Banff, Canada (2/06). Physics Colloquium, University of Houston, Houston (1/06). Aspen Center for Physics Workshop on Strong...Atlanta, GA (3/05). Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft Annual Meeting, Berlin (3/05). Workshop on Solitons in BEC’s, Almagro, Spain (2/05). Banff Cold

  17. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-09

    of Iran are UBS and Credit Suisse (Switzerland), HSBC (Britain), Germany’s Commerzbank A.G and Deutsche Bank AG. U.S. pressure has reportedly...The available sanctions the President can select from (Section 6) include: (1) denial of Export-Import Bank loans, credits , or credit guarantees...expand the definition of sanctionable entities to official credit guarantee agencies, such as France’s COFACE and Germany’s Hermes, and to financial

  18. Iran Sanctions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-09

    are UBS and Credit Suisse (Switzerland), HSBC (Britain), Germany’s Commerzbank A.G and Deutsche Bank AG. U.S. pressure has reportedly convinced...select from (Section 6) include (1) denial of Export-Import Bank loans, credits , or credit guarantees for U.S. exports to the sanctioned entity; (2...on September 26, 2008)— would have (1) expanded the definition of sanctionable entities to official credit guarantee agencies, such as France’s

  19. Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-19

    Iran are UBS and Credit Suisse (Switzerland), HSBC (Britain), Germany’s Commerzbank A.G and Deutsche Bank AG. U.S. pressure has reportedly convinced...some Iranian banks. Separate U.S. efforts to persuade European governments to curb trade, investment, and credits to Iran; and to convince foreign...the difficulty obtaining credit from foreign banks is hurting their ability to operate. Students have conducted several high-profile anti-Ahmadinejad

  20. STS-55 backup Payload Specialist Brummer, poolside, during JSC WETF bailout

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-55 backup German Payload Specialist Renate Brummer, wearing launch and entry suit (LES), communications carrier assembly (CCA), and parachute pack, stands on the poolside and watches ongoing activities in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29. Brummer is participating in launch emergency egress (bailout) exercises along with other DLR representatives. STS-55 to be flown aboard Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, is the second dedicated German (Deutsche) Spacelab flight and is designated D2.

  1. William Healy, M.D., Father of the American Child Guidance Movement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    coming book, "The Science of Psychoanalysis " (1928). Healy was chosen president of this organization in 1926.104 Healy used his membership in national...Healy and Bronner had explored psychoanalysis with Helene Deutsch in Vienna in 1929, and Healy had taken a short didactic analysis in Boston with...1910 and was deep and long-lasting. He and Bronner wrote a primer on psychoanalysis which met with great 107 success. Healy took special pride in his

  2. Estimating Demand Elasticities for Mobile Telecommunications in Austria

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    Telecommunications Pol- icy, 27, 457-476. RTR, 2004, Informationen fiber den Telekom- Markt in Osterreich, Vienna, http://www.rtr. at/web .nsf/deutsch...Foreign Direct Investment, Production, and Welfare, No. 11 (June 2003). "* Dewenter, Ralf, The Economics of Media Markets, No. 10 (June 2003). "* Josten...Briduninger, Michael, A Note on Health Insurance and Growth, No. 6 (June 2003). * Dewenter, Ralf, Media Markets with Habit Formation, No. 5 (June

  3. U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-21

    international information exchanges on lost and stolen passports and to promote travel document security through the use of interoperable biometric...on VWP participants to meet certain security and passport standards and to sign on to a number of information-sharing agreements; at the same time...Still Resisting Obama Over Guantanamo Inmates,” Deutsche Welle, February 17, 2010; Peter Finn and Anne Kornblut, “Obama Creates Indefinite Detention

  4. U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-09

    United States and the EU have pledged to enhance international information exchanges on lost and stolen passports and to promote travel document...Scanners,” Deutsche Welle, January 21, 2010. 10 “U.S. Conciliatory in Air Marshal Demands,” Associated Press, April 26, 2004; John M. Doyle, “U.S., EU To...and other interested states) to qualify. Among other measures, P.L. 110-53 called on VWP participants to meet certain security and passport

  5. Interferometric Processing of Spaceborne SAR Data in Advanced SAR Imaging Modes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-10-01

    Mittermayer and Alberto Moreira Deutsches Zentrum fiur Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) Institut fuir Hochfrequenztechnik und Radarsysteme 82234 Oberpfaffenhofen...34, IEEE Transactions on Geosc., Vol. 32, No. 4, July 1994, pp. 855-865. [4] J. Mittermayer , A. Moreira, 0. Lofeld: "Spotlight SAR Data Processing Using the...Frequency Scaling Algo- rithm", IEEE Trans. on Geosc. and Remote Sensing, Vol. 37, No. 5, September 1999. [51 Mittermayer , J., A. Moreira and 0

  6. Experimental demonstration of deterministic one-way quantum computation on a NMR quantum computer

    SciTech Connect

    Ju, Chenyong; Zhu Jing; Peng Xinhua; Chong Bo; Zhou Xianyi; Du Jiangfeng

    2010-01-15

    One-way quantum computing is an important and novel approach to quantum computation. By exploiting the existing particle-particle interactions, we report an experimental realization of the complete process of deterministic one-way quantum Deutsch-Josza algorithm in NMR, including graph state preparation, single-qubit measurements, and feed-forward corrections. The findings in our experiment may shed light on the future scalable one-way quantum computation.

  7. STS-55 crewmembers pose with U.S. and German flags in SL-D2 module on OV-102

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1993-05-06

    STS-55 crewmembers pose with United States and German flags inside the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module located in the payload bay (PLB) of Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. Wearing communications kit assembly headsets (HDSTs) are (left to right) Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, and Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel.

  8. Assessments of Bubble Dynamics Model and Influential Parameters in Microbubble Drag Reduction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    July 1, 2004 to December 31, 2005 Report Date: March 2006 Prepared Under Award No: N00014-04-1-0717 Submitted to Patrick Purtell Office...data of Merkle and Deutsch (1992) and the numerical model of Kunz et al. (2003). 8 Figure 6. Schematic diagram of the computational domain used for...Kim and Cleaver 1995; Meng and Uhlman 1998; Xu et al. 2002; Kunz et al. 2003) to reveal the mechanism of the microbubble drag reduction phenomenon

  9. JPRS Report Science & Technology Europe, Economic Competitiveness.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    urinary tracts. Participants: Aix- la-Chapelle Technology University, Deutsches Woll- forchungsinstitut; Union Explosivos Rio Tinto (Sp), Vygon (Ger...time being on activities that will be profitable in the short term. At the end of 1989, there were 87,000 people working in industrial R&D in the...basis of innovation—does not have an easy task ahead. With the association, basic research and training , especially at university level

  10. Worldwide Report, Telecommunications Policy, Research and Development, No. 275

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    FBIS FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE NOTE JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspapers , periodicals and books, but...News 8 Telephone Plans Told 8 - a - [III - WW - 140] INDIA ITI Director Tells Plane for Improvements (THE HINDU, 8 May 83) 9 Briefs New...Activities of Deutsche Welle (Gerd Kroencke; SUEDDEUTSCHE ZEITUNG, 3 May 83) 15 Lower Saxony To Introduce Private Television, Radio (DER

  11. Ballistic Performance Testing of Aluminum Alloy 5059-H131 and 5059-H136 for Armor Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    CANADA 2 DEUTSCH FRANZOSISCHES FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT ST LOUIS H ERNST H LERR CEDEX 5 RUE DU GENERAL CASSAGNOU F 68301 SAINT LOUIS...DEFENCE DIR OF EQPT & TECH LAND RUV 2 D HAUG POSTFACH 1328 53003 BONN GERMANY 4 FRANHOFER INSTITUT FUR KURZZEITDYNAMIK ERNST ... MACH INSTITUT V HOHLER E STRASSBURGER R TRAM K THOMA ECKERSTRASSE4 D 79 104 FREIBURG GERMANY 1 MINISTRY OF DEFENCE DGA

  12. Multifractal nature of stock exchange prices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ausloos, M.; Ivanova, K.

    2002-08-01

    The multifractal structure of the temporal dependence of the Deutsche Aktienindex (DAX) is analyzed. The qth order moments of the structure functions and the singular measures are calculated. The generalized Hurst exponent H( q) and the h( γ( q)) curve indicate a hierarchy of power law exponents. This approach leads to characterizing the nonstationarity and intermittency pertinent to such financial signals, indicating differences with turbulence data. A list of results on turbulence and financial markets is presented for asserting the analogy.

  13. STS-55 Payload Specialist Schlegel collects fungi sample at SL-D2 Rack 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, wearing lightweight headset, collects fungi sample while working at Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module Rack 1 Work Bench. Schlegel is conducting these procedures in conjunction with the 'Fruiting Body Development of Fungi' experiment. Pieces of the experiment casing freefloat in the workstation.Schlegel represents the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR) on the 10-day spacelab mission.

  14. STS-55 Payload Specialist Schlegel collects fungi sample at SL-D2 Rack 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, wearing lightweight headset, collects fungi sample while working at Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module Rack 1 Work Bench. Schlegel is conducting these procedures in conjunction with the 'Fruiting Body Development of Fungi' experiment. Schlegel was one of two payload specialists representing the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR) on the 10-day spacelab mission.

  15. Three-dimensional Stochastic Estimation of Porosity Distribution: Benefits of Using Ground-penetrating Radar Velocity Tomograms in Simulated-annealing-based or Bayesian Sequential Simulation Approaches

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-30

    crosshole seismic tomography and borehole logging information. Bayesian approaches [e.g., Gelman et al., 2003] have been applied to integrate diverse...simulation [e.g., Deutsch and Journel, 1998] with the added use of Bayesian formula [e.g., Chen et al., 2001; Gelman et al., 2003]. The Bayesian...3-D STOCHASTIC ESTIMATION OF POROSITY W05553 12 of 13 Gelman , A., J. B. Carlin, H. S. Stern, and D. B. Rubin (2003), Bayesian Data Analysis, 668 pp

  16. STS-55 crewmembers pose with U.S. and German flags in SL-D2 module on OV-102

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 crewmembers pose with United States and German flags inside the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module located in the payload bay (PLB) of Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. Wearing communications kit assembly headsets (HDSTs) are (left to right) Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, and Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel.

  17. Air University Sampling and Surveying Handbook: Guidelines for Planning, Organizing, and Conducting Surveys

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    Publication Pending (1993). Altemeyer, R. A. (1970). Adverbs and Intervals: A Study of Likert Scales. American Psychological Association, Proceedings of...1959). Adverbs As Multipliers. Psychological Review, 66, pp 27-44. Cochran, W. G. (1963) Sampling Techniques. New York: Wiley and Sons, Inc. Deming...Auditor, Vol. 28, No. 6, pp 49-52. Selltiz, Claire, Marie Jahoda, Morton Deutsch , and Stuart W. Cook (1963). Research Methods in Social Relations

  18. Boundaries and Topological Algorithms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-08-01

    Binford 1986, Sher 1987a, Pratt 1978, Fram and Deutsch 1975) attempted to separate these two effects, but their heuristic methods seem only applicable...temporal struc- ture of different types of situations,7 verb tense and aspect, and temporal adverbs and connectives. I represent time using a cellular model... adverbs can occur in it, and how it can be related to other sentences using temporal connectives such as "when" and "until." The differences between

  19. STS-55 crewmembers pose with U.S. and German flags in SL-D2 module on OV-102

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 crewmembers pose with United States and German flags inside the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module located in the payload bay (PLB) of Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. Wearing communications kit assembly headsets (HDSTs) are (left to right) Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, and Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel.

  20. 25 Jahre - Institut fuer Geodaesie, Teil 2: Forschungsarbeiten und Veroeffentlichungen (25 Years - Institute of Geodesy, Part 2: Research Areas and Publications)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    diesen Einsatzgebieten zurn Standardverfahren entwickelt. In diesern Zusam- menhang wurden insbesondere fUlr die Deutsche Balm eine ganze Reihe...Vermessungs-Nachrichten 103, S.287-298, 1996 Marcus, M. G., Chambers, F. B., Miller, M. M.,Lang, M.: Recent Trends in Lemon Creek Glacier, Caspary, W...F. B., Miller, M. M., Heft 58, Neubiberg, 1997 Lang, M.: Recent Trends in Lemon Creek Glacier, Alaska. Schriftenreihe Studiengang Vermessungs- Zhong

  1. Correlations and multi-affinity in high frequency financial datasets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baviera, Roberto; Pasquini, Michele; Serva, Maurizio; Vergni, Davide; Vulpiani, Angelo

    2001-11-01

    In this paper we perform a quantitative check of long term correlations and multi-affinity in Deutsche Mark/US Dollar exchange rates using high frequency data. We show that the use of business time, i.e., the ranking of the quotes in the sequences, eliminates most of the seasonality in financial-time series, allowing a precise estimation of some return anomalies.

  2. Computer Simulation of Electrochemical Processes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    1997. 9. " Feynman Path Centroid Methods for Condensed Phase Quantum Dynamics", Invited Lecture at the Los Alamos Workshop on Novel Monte Carlo...Montreal, Canada, May, 1997. 3. "Path Integral Centroid Methods in Condensed Phase Quantum Dynamics", Invited Lecture , International Summer School on the...Excess Proton in Water", Invited Lecture at the Deutsche Bunsen-Gesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie International Discussion Meeting on "Hydrogen

  3. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) for Planetary Science and the Kuiper Belt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reach, W. T.

    2011-10-01

    The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA [1]) is a 2.5 meter telescope on a modified 747SP aircraft. The program is managed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR). Operations are supported by NASA and DLR in a partnership, with an 80/20 split per international Memorandum of Understanding.

  4. Modifications to Army Facilities Components System Drawings to Reflect Use of Metric-Sized Lumber.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-01

    2040 x 915 PHENAPAN DEUTSCHE NOVOPAN SP ISO-Verle- NSCM: XN003 geplatte V 100 - 00-V02-473! 19.0 2050 x 925 2040 x 915 ditto ditto Si: - 00-V02-4732...use: Build-in furniture Spanplatte, beide Seiten geschliffen, Gueteklasse I-I Verwcndungszweck: Fuer Einbaumoebel CODE 5530 Staerke Abmessungen...laminated, flat pressed, both sides sanded, for general purpose; DIN 68761 Holzspanplatte (Flachpressplatte), beide Seiten geschliffen, fuer allgemeine

  5. Never Send an Infantryman Where You Can Send an Artillery Shell.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    Weigley, Colonel Dwight L. Adams and Colonel Ronald A. Roberge who urged me to get the project underway; Colonel Donald P. Shaw, Dr. Harold C. Deutsch , Dr...parallel Lippe- Seiten Canal ran east and west. The river and canal would not only be the initial boundary between the two attacking Allied armies, but... Seiten Canal on the north. 84 36 Montgomery came to Ninth Army on 21 March and briefed the assembled corps and division commanders on Operation

  6. Federal Research: Super Collider Estimates and Germany’s Industrially Produced Magnets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-12

    DESY Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DOE Department of Energy GeV billion electron volts HEPAP High Energy Physics Advisory Panel HERA Hadron Electron...Advisory Panel ( HEPAP ) report indicated that reducing the energy would risk losing important physics. The panel fully endorsed the design as well as the...the Laboratory’s work. Two DOE reviews were completed by OER and ICE staff. At DOE’s request, the third independent review was conducted by the HEPAP

  7. Aachen: Offensive, Deliberate Attack, MOUT (Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain), 13 September-21 October 1944

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-23

    known as the Dutch frontier. The city was founded in the eighth century A.D. and is alleged to be the birthplace of the great German Emperor Charlemagne ...Aachen was the Western culture and learning during Charlemagne’s reign. In all, thirty-two German kings and emperors have been crowned in this highly...city of the Emperors ". Translated and digested at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College from Deutsche Allgemine Zeitun& , 26 Octiber 1944

  8. The Boeing 767 Program: A Case Study of Issues Related to Success in Managing an International Cooperative Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-01

    38 percent, British Aerospace (United Kingdom) 20 percent, and Construcciones Aeronauticas (Spain) 4 percent. Airbus is a French consortium which...Deutsche Air- bus, 26 percent for British Aerospace and 6 percent for Construcciones Aeronauticas (16:56). The A300 and A310 are currently in production and...commuter transport. The codevelopment partners are Construcciones Aeronauticas (Spain) and P. T. Nurtanio (Indonesia). "Engineering and manufacturing

  9. Workshop on Model-Driven Architecture and Program Generation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    enterprise systems (e.g., The Walt Disney Company, Deutsche Bank AG, transportation organizations, and healthcare organizations), as well as by the...fit in the context of past and current research in specification, analysis, and program generation? It is "ok" to address both natural strengths and...and code "skeletons," which most current MDA-based tools accomplish. 5.4 Present State of MDA Capabilities The real- world application of MDA is

  10. Workshop on Program Generation and Model-Driven Architecture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    members. The work of OMG is broadly accepted and used in enterprise systems (e.g., The Walt Disney Company, Deutsche Bank AG, transportation...It is “ok” to address both natural strengths and limitations inherent to the MDA approach. • Can MDA be a conduit for commercial exploitation of...5.4 Present State of MDA Capabilities The real- world application of MDA is still limited to certain problem domains. MDA works well in business

  11. Defense Horizons. Number 29, July 2003. Beyond the Mainland: Chinese Telecommunications Expansion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-07-01

    world network services providers, reestablishing China as a major player in this market.7 Perhaps even more important, Huawei Corporation is now pro...inantly American, including AT&T, Worldcom, Sprint, and Infonet, initially following the expansion of U.S. multinational corporate development from the...Worldcom’s by its financial and reporting problems; and Sprint’s by its unhappy joint venture with Deutsche Telekom and France Telecom in Global One

  12. Analysis of Full-Test tools and their limitations as applied to terminal junction blocks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, J. L.

    1983-01-01

    Discovery of unlocked contacts in Deutsch Block terminal junctions in Solid Rocket Booster flight hardware prompted an investigation into pull test techniques to help insure against possible failures. Internal frictional forces between socket and pin and between wire and grommet were examined. Pull test force must be greater than internal friction yet less than the crimp strength of the pin or socket. For this reason, a 100 percent accurate test is impossible. Test tools were evaluated. Available tools are adequate for pull testing.

  13. STS-55 German Payload Specialist Walter at the SL-D2 Fluid Physics Module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter conducts an experiment using the advanced fluid physics module located in Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) Rack 8 Werkstofflabor (WL) (Material Sciences Laboratory) aboard Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. Walter uses intravehicular activity (IVA) foot restraints to position himself in front of the rack. Walter represents the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR) on the 10-day mission.

  14. STS-55 Payload Specialist Schlegel collects fungi sample at SL-D2 Rack 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, wearing lightweight headset, collects fungi sample while working at Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module Rack 1 Work Bench. Schlegel is conducting these procedures in conjunction with the 'Fruiting Body Development of Fungi' experiment. Schlegel was one of two payload specialists representing the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR) on the 10-day spacelab mission.

  15. STS-55 Payload Specialist Schlegel collects fungi sample at SL-D2 Rack 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, wearing lightweight headset, collects fungi sample while working at Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module Rack 1 Work Bench. Schlegel is conducting these procedures in conjunction with the 'Fruiting Body Development of Fungi' experiment. Pieces of the experiment casing freefloat in the workstation.Schlegel represents the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR) on the 10-day spacelab mission.

  16. Fragwuerdige Luxussteuern: Statusstreben und Demonstratives Konsumverhalten in der Geschichte Oekonomischen Denkens (Questionable Luxury Taxes: Status Seeking and Conspicuous Consumption in the History of Economic Thought)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    und Karl Knies (* 182 1, t 1898) geh6iren zumn 5iteren Zweig der deutschen historischen Schule. Hauptvertreter des jfingeren Zweiges sind Gustav von...1848), 8680). 6 Nachdem die deutsche historische Schule in ihrer sp5iteren Entwicklung von ihrem ,,Schulleitee’ Gustav von Schmoller nachhaltig ins...Nach Cournots fundamentalem Nachfragegesetz wird die Nachfrage als Funktion des Preises dargestellt und die 10 Gustav von Schmoller war in zwei

  17. En Route to Solid State Spin Quantum Computing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mehring, M.; Mende, J.; Scherer, W.

    We present routes to quantum information processing in solids. An introduction to electron and nuclear spins as quantum bits (qubits) is given and basic quantum algorithms are discussed. In particular we focus on the preparation of pseudo pure states and pseudo entangled states in solid systems of combined electron and nuclear spins. As an example we demonstrate the Deutsch algorithm of quantum computing in an S-bus system with one electron spin coupled to a many 19F nuclear spins.

  18. On-line detection of dichlorodibenzodioxins by DLR Jet-REMPI. Report for June 1996--February 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Oser, H.; Thanner, R.; Grotheer, H.H.; Gullett, B.K.; French, N.B.

    1998-08-01

    The paper describes a Jet-REMPI (resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization) apparatus and presents spectra for 2,7-dichlorodibenzodioxin (DCDD). The apparatus is a product of Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR). Detection limits on the order of parts per trillion by volume (pptv) units have been determined. The small number of isomers (10) and the lower degree of chlorination make the DCDD compounds a favorable class of surrogates.

  19. CONSTRAINING THE TRUE NATURE OF AN EXOTIC BINARY IN THE CORE OF NGC 6624

    SciTech Connect

    Dalessandro, Emanuele; Pallanca, Cristina; Ferraro, Francesco R.; Lanzoni, Barbara; Castiglione, Claudia; Vignali, Cristian; Fiorentino, Giuliana

    2014-04-01

    We report on the identification of the optical counterpart to Star1, the exotic object serendipitously discovered by Deutsch et al. in the core of the Galactic globular cluster NGC 6624. Star1 has been classified by Deutsch et al. as either a quiescent cataclysmic variable or a low-mass X-ray binary. Deutsch et al. proposed StarA as a possible optical counterpart to this object. We used high-resolution images obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope to perform a variability analysis of the stars close to the nominal position of Star1. While no variability was detected for StarA, we found another star, referred to here as COM{sub S}tar1, showing a clear sinusoidal light modulation with amplitude Δm {sub F435W} ∼ 0.7 mag and an orbital period of P {sub orb} ∼ 98 minutes. The shape of the light curve is likely caused by strong irradiation by the primary heating of one hemisphere of the companion, thus suggesting a quite hot primary.

  20. Revisiting Consistency Conditions for Quantum States of Systems on Closed Timelike Curves: An Epistemic Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wallman, Joel J.; Bartlett, Stephen D.

    2012-05-01

    There has been considerable recent interest in the consequences of closed timelike curves (CTCs) for the dynamics of quantum mechanical systems. A vast majority of research into this area makes use of the dynamical equations developed by Deutsch, which were developed from a consistency condition that assumes that mixed quantum states uniquely describe the physical state of a system. We criticize this choice of consistency condition from an epistemic perspective, i.e., a perspective in which the quantum state represents a state of knowledge about a system. We demonstrate that directly applying Deutsch's condition when mixed states are treated as representing an observer's knowledge of a system can conceal time travel paradoxes from the observer, rather than resolving them. To shed further light on the appropriate dynamics for quantum systems traversing CTCs, we make use of a toy epistemic theory with a strictly classical ontology due to Spekkens and show that, in contrast to the results of Deutsch, many of the traditional paradoxical effects of time travel are present.

  1. [Emergency response management near the tracks of the public railway network: special aspects of missions connected with the German national railway system].

    PubMed

    Krämer, P; Aul, A; Vock, B; Frank, C

    2010-11-01

    Emergency response management and rescue operations concerning the railway network in Germany need special attention and implementation in several ways. The emergency response concerning the German national railway network managed by Deutsche Bahn AG is subject to various rules and regulations which have to be followed precisely. Only by following these rules and procedures is the safety of all emergency staff at the scene ensured. The German national railway network (Deutsche Bahn AG) provides its own emergency response control center, which specializes in managing its response to emergencies and dispatches an emergency response manager to the scene. This person serves as the primary Deutsche Bahn AG representative at the scene and is the only person who is allowed to earth the railway electrical power lines. This article will discuss different emergency situations concerning railway accidents and the emergency medical response to them based on a near collision with a high speed train during a rescue mission close to the railway track. Injury to personnel could only be avoided by chance and luck. The dangers and risks for rescue staff are specified. Furthermore, the article details practical guidelines for rescue operations around the German national railway track system.

  2. [Radioiodine therapy for benign thyroid diseases (version 5). German Guideline].

    PubMed

    Dietlein, Markus; Grünwald, Frank; Schmidt, Matthias; Schneider, Peter; Verburg, Frederik A; Luster, Markus

    2016-12-06

    The version 5 of the guideline for radioiodine therapy of benign thyroid disorders is an update of the version 4, which was published by the German Society of Nuclear Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nuklearmedizin, DGN) in co-ordination with the German Society of Endocrinology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Endokrinologie, DGE, Sektion Schilddrüse) and the German Society of General- and Visceral-Surgery (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgie, DGAV) in 2007. This guideline was harmonized with the recommendations of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM). According to the German "Directive on Radiation Protection in Medicine" the physician specialised in nuclear medicine ("Fachkunde in der Therapie mit offenen radioaktiven Stoffen") is responsible for the justfication to treat with radioiodine. Therefore, relevant medical indications for radioiodine therapy and alternative therapeutic options are discussed within the guideline. This procedure guideline is developed in the consensus of a representative expert group. This fulfils the level S1 (first step) within the German classification of Clinical Practice Guidelines.

  3. Decision theory and information propagation in quantum physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forrester, Alan

    In recent papers, Zurek [(2005). Probabilities from entanglement, Born's rule p k =| ψ k | 2 from entanglement. Physical Review A, 71, 052105] has objected to the decision-theoretic approach of Deutsch [(1999) Quantum theory of probability and decisions. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, 455, 3129-3137] and Wallace [(2003). Everettian rationality: defending Deutsch's approach to probability in the Everett interpretation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 34, 415-438] to deriving the Born rule for quantum probabilities on the grounds that it courts circularity. Deutsch and Wallace assume that the many worlds theory is true and that decoherence gives rise to a preferred basis. However, decoherence arguments use the reduced density matrix, which relies upon the partial trace and hence upon the Born rule for its validity. Using the Heisenberg picture and quantum Darwinism-the notion that classical information is quantum information that can proliferate in the environment pioneered in Ollivier et al. [(2004). Objective properties from subjective quantum states: Environment as a witness. Physical Review Letters, 93, 220401 and (2005). Environment as a witness: Selective proliferation of information and emergence of objectivity in a quantum universe. Physical Review A, 72, 042113]-I show that measurement interactions between two systems only create correlations between a specific set of commuting observables of system 1 and a specific set of commuting observables of system 2. This argument picks out a unique basis in which information flows in the correlations between those sets of commuting observables. I then derive the Born rule for both pure and mixed states and answer some other criticisms of the decision theoretic approach to quantum probability.

  4. The DHL EuroCup: shots on goal.

    PubMed

    Hemp, Paul

    2003-11-01

    Deutsche Post World Net, the German postal monopoly, faced significant challenges as it began the process of integrating three businesses: Deutsche Post Euro Express, its own ground-based parcel delivery service, and two companies it had acquired-DHL, the worldwide express delivery service, and Danzas, a worldwide air and ocean freight company. The cultural differences alone were imposing. For example, DHL was a privately held, entrepreneurial company in which most managers had international experience; Deutsche Post was until recently a state-owned monopoly in which few managers had worked outside their home country. Enter EuroCup. For 20 years, DHL employees had held a soccer tournament to strengthen company culture across national boundaries. Canceled the previous year due to budget constraints, the EuroCup tournament was revived in 2003-in part to help with the postmerger integration. But did the event really help? HBR senior editor Paul Hemp attended EuroCup 2003, joining nearly 2,500 DHL employees--about 600 of them players, the rest cheerleaders and other supporters--in the small Belgian town of Lommel. He set out to answer a number of questions relevant to any company staging an ambitious off-site intended to encourage teamwork and boost morale. How does a company determine whether such a large-scale event, even one that generates goodwill, is worth the investment? Does the team building extend to those back home who don't get to attend? Can intense competition between teams begin to overshadow the spirit of cooperation that such an event is meant to engender? In short, can a soccer tournament help a company achieve its corporate goal of creating a strong common culture?

  5. STS-55 MS3 Harris in life raft during emergency egress exercises at JSC WETF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Using a small single person life raft, STS-55 Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr floats in the pool located in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29. Harris, wearing a launch and entry suit (LES) and launch and entry helmet (LEH), opens a sealed canister containing a flare. Harris, along with other crewmembers, is participating in a launch emergency egress (bailout) training session. STS-55 with the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) payload will fly aboard Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, in 1993.

  6. Aeroacoustics research in Europe: The CEAS-ASC report on 2003 highlights

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schröder, W.

    2004-11-01

    This is a report on some highlights of aeroacoustics research in Europe in 2003, compiled from information provided to the Aeroacoustics Specialists Committee of the Confederation of European Aerospace Societies (CEAS). The CEAS currently comprises the national Aerospace Societies of France (Association Aéronautique et Astronautique de France), Germany (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt), Italy (Associazione Italiana di Aeronautica e Astronautica), The Netherlands (Nederlandse Vereniging voor Luchtvaarttechniek), Spain (Asociación de Ingenieros Aeronáuticos de España), Sweden (Flygtekniska Föreningen), Switzerland (Schweizerische Vereinigung für Flugwissenschaften) and the UK (The Royal Aeronautical Society).

  7. Torque anomaly in quantum field theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fulling, S. A.; Mera, F. D.; Trendafilova, C. S.

    2013-02-01

    The expectation values of energy density and pressure of a quantum field inside a wedge-shaped region appear to violate the expected relationship between torque and total energy as a function of angle. In particular, this is true of the well-known Deutsch-Candelas stress tensor for the electromagnetic field, whose definition requires no regularization except possibly at the vertex. Unlike a similar anomaly in the pressure exerted by a reflecting boundary against a perpendicular wall, this problem cannot be dismissed as an artifact of an ad hoc regularization.

  8. STS-55 German payload specialist Schlegel and MS3 Harris work in SL-D2 module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 2 Ulrich Walter, wearing special head gear, finds plenty of room to 'spread out' (head to the floor, feet at the ceiling) while conducting Tissue Thickness and Compliance Along Body Axis salt-water balance experiment in the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module aboard the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. Schlegel represents the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR). In the background, Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr monitors an experiment in Rack 11, an experiment rack.

  9. STS-55 MS3 Harris draws blood sample from Payload Specialist Schlegel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel (left) serves as a test subject inside the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module onboard the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr, a physician, performs one of many blood draws designed to help investigate human physiology under microgravity conditions. The two crewmembers use intravehicular activity (IVA) foot restraints (foot loops) in front of Rack 10, a stowage rack, to steady themselves during the procedure. Schlegel represents the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR).

  10. STS-55 MS3 Harris in life raft during emergency egress exercises at JSC WETF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Using a small single person life raft, STS-55 Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr floats in the pool located in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29. Harris, wearing a launch and entry suit (LES) and launch and entry helmet (LEH), opens a sealed canister containing a flare. Harris, along with other crewmembers, is participating in a launch emergency egress (bailout) training session. STS-55 with the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) payload will fly aboard Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, in 1993.

  11. Closed timelike curves in measurement-based quantum computation

    SciTech Connect

    Dias da Silva, Raphael; Galvao, Ernesto F.; Kashefi, Elham

    2011-01-15

    Many results have been recently obtained regarding the power of hypothetical closed timelike curves (CTCs) in quantum computation. Here we show that the one-way model of measurement-based quantum computation encompasses in a natural way the CTC model proposed by Bennett, Schumacher, and Svetlichny. We identify a class of CTCs in this model that can be simulated deterministically and point to a fundamental limitation of Deutsch's CTC model which leads to predictions conflicting with those of the one-way model.

  12. Positional Cloning of an Ashkenzai Jewish Hereditary Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Genetics, Salt Lake City, UT, 2005. Other Manuscripts: Stanford JL, McDonnell SK , Friedrichsen DM, Carlson EE, Kolb S , Deutsch K, Janer M, Hood L...276-290. Narla G, Difeo A, Reeves HL, Schaid DJ, Hirshfeld J, Hod E, Katz A, Isaacs WB, Hebbring S , Komiya A, McDonnell SK , Wiley KE, Jacobsen SJ...J., Burmester, J. K., Broman, K. W., Weber, J. L., Banerjee , T. K., Goddard, K. A. B., Witte, J. S ., Elston, R. C. & Catalona, W. J. (2000) Am. J

  13. ROMS and SUNTANS Continued Development and Support of AESOP And NLIWI

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-30

    International Conference on the Humboldt Current System, Lima/Peru, Dec. 2006. Deutsch, C. N. Gruber, H. Frenzel , T. Nagai, G.-K. Plattner, J.C. McWilliams, A...Stolzenbach, 2007: Circulation in the Southern California Bight. Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference, Leavenworth, WA, Sept. 2007. Frenzel , H., C. Dong, N. Gruber...Sept. 2006. Gruber, N., H. Frenzel , P. Marchesiello, J.C. McWilliams, T. Nagai, and G.-K. Plattner, 2007: On the Role of Eddies for Coastal Productivity

  14. [Development and future position of the Academy of German Urologists].

    PubMed

    Michel, M S; Hakenberg, O; Schroeder, A

    2014-08-01

    In order to do justice to the complex requirements of vocational training in urology, last year the Academy made great progress in further development. During the 65(th) annual congress of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Urologie (DGU, German Society of Urology) a multitude of Academy forums and Academy expert courses were offered again by the working groups. The Academy now provides four academy sections. After foundation of the junior academy and the team academy, the additional groups of patient academy and knowledge academy were also created.

  15. Multi-Model Ensemble Wake Vortex Prediction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koerner, Stephan; Ahmad, Nash'at N.; Holzaepfel, Frank; VanValkenburg, Randal L.

    2015-01-01

    Several multi-model ensemble methods are investigated for predicting wake vortex transport and decay. This study is a joint effort between National Aeronautics and Space Administration and Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt to develop a multi-model ensemble capability using their wake models. An overview of different multi-model ensemble methods and their feasibility for wake applications is presented. The methods include Reliability Ensemble Averaging, Bayesian Model Averaging, and Monte Carlo Simulations. The methodologies are evaluated using data from wake vortex field experiments.

  16. Development of a New Silicon Drift Detector Module

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welter, Edmund; Hansen, Karsten

    2007-02-01

    A novel 7 cell Silicon Drift Detector (SDD) module for X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy (XAFS) and similar methods is developed at the Hamburger Synchrotron Strahlungslabor at Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron. The monolithic 7 cell SDD detector chips were delivered by PN Sensors (Munich, Germany). Each cell has an active area of 7 mm2. In this paper we report results from the spatially resolved spectroscopic characterization of the SDD and their consequences for the final design of the complete detector modules. A specialized read out chip is currently developed at DESY and will make it possible to achieve a maximum count rate of 600 Kcps/detector cell.

  17. Gaussian quantum computation with oracle-decision problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adcock, Mark R. A.; Høyer, Peter; Sanders, Barry C.

    2013-04-01

    We study a simple-harmonic-oscillator quantum computer solving oracle decision problems. We show that such computers can perform better by using nonorthogonal Gaussian wave functions rather than orthogonal top-hat wave functions as input to the information encoding process. Using the Deutsch-Jozsa problem as an example, we demonstrate that Gaussian modulation with optimized width parameter results in a lower error rate than for the top-hat encoding. We conclude that Gaussian modulation can allow for an improved trade-off between encoding, processing and measurement of the information.

  18. AGARD Index of Publications, 1977 - 1979.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    HIGH N79- 22000 # General Dynamics/Fort Worth. Tex. ANGLE OF ATTACK SPIN RECOVERY DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR THE APPLICATION OF FORE- J J Cornish, IlI and M W...wing was determined G Y In AGARD High Angle of Attack Aerodyn Jan 1979 27 p refs (For primary document see N79-21996 13-01) N79- 22000 # Deutsche...gives the picture of the boundary layer including the variables It is argued that adequate closure techniques are transition development from iso -Mach

  19. STS-55 Commander Nagel and Pilot Henricks participate in KSC preflight tests

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Inside the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) module in the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Operations and Checkout Building (O and C) high bay, STS-55 Commander Steven R. Nagel (left) and Pilot Terence T. Henricks are participating in a mission sequence test to check out experiment steps and procedures which will be conducted on-orbit. They are standing in front of Rack 7 Biolabor (BB) microscope. SL-D2, the second German spacelab, is scheduled to fly on Space Shuttle Mission STS-55 in 1993. View provided by KSC with alternate number KSC-92PC-2346.

  20. STS-55 Commander Nagel uses SAREX II inside the SL-D2 module aboard OV-102

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Commander Steven R. Nagel, wearing headset, holds the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment II (SAREX-II) transceiver during testing of the whip antenna protruding from the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module. Nagel is stationed in front of the SL-D2 aft end cone. The seven member crew participated in communications with students and licensed radio operators via SAREX. Attached to the aft end cone are a fire extinguisher and an STS-37 extravehicular activity (EVA) photo of Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross (STS037-18-032).

  1. Performance of 3.9 GHz SRF cavities at Fermilab's ILCTA_MDB nhorizontal test stand

    SciTech Connect

    Harms, Elvin; Hocker, Andy; /Fermilab

    2008-08-01

    Fermilab is building a cryomodule containing four 3.9 GHz superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities for the Free electron LASer in Hamburg (FLASH) facility at the Deutsches Elektronen-SYnchrotron (DESY) laboratory. Before assembling the cavities into the cryomodule, each individual cavity is tested at Fermilab's Horizontal Test Stand (HTS). The HTS provides the capability to test fully-dressed SRF cavities at 1.8 K with high-power pulsed RF in order to verify that the cavities achieve performance requirements under these conditions. The performance at the HTS of the 3.9 GHz cavities built for FLASH is presented here.

  2. Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-13

    passports to most ethnic Ossetians and supported the regional economy. Simmering long-time tensions erupted on the evening of August 7, 2008, when South... passports and most appear to want their regions to be part of Russia.1 In late 2003, Mikheil Saakashvili came to power during the so-called “rose...Associated Press, August 12, 2008; “Georgia Still on Track to Join NATO, Alliance Chief Says,” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, August 12, 2008. Russia’s NATO

  3. [Further development and validation of a clinical auditing procedure for rehabilitation facilities].

    PubMed

    Meixner, K; Lubenow, B; Brückner, U; Gerdes, N

    2006-06-01

    Visitations (audits) are considered an instrument of external quality assurance by which the structural and organizational set-up of health facilities can be assessed on site by external experts. The Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund (including the former Bundesversicherungsanstalt für Angestellte, BfA, the statutory pension insurance agency for white collar employees) is the largest body responsible for rehabilitation in Germany, and it regularly carries out visitations in the approximately 650 rehab centres it sends its patients to. The project presented in this article aimed at developing a manual with detailed descriptions of the procedures and criteria of the assessment, as well as at checking the inter-rater-reliability of the assessment. The manual was developed in cooperation with experts of the Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund. It contains a description of the areas to be assessed during a visitation as well as leading questions and criteria for the evaluation of single features. The manual was examined in "test visitations" in 10 centres, each of which was visited by three visitation teams (1 medical and 1 administrative expert) simultaneously. When the resulting 30 assessments were compared, the criterion "overall quality of the centre" (which was assessed on a 10-point scale) showed precise agreement in 47 %, and a deviation by 1 point in 33 % of the cases. Single features assessed on a three-point scale (no improvement needed/improvement recommended/immediate improvement obligatory) resulted in precise agreement in between 80 % ("medical and therapeutic processes") and 86 % ("structural features") of the cases. Two-point scales (condition fulfilled or not fulfilled) showed an agreement between 89 % ("internal quality management") and 97 % ("single structural features"). In order to maintain and further develop this good inter-rater-reliability, the visitors of Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund are continually trained in applying the visitation manual

  4. [Current issues in pulmonary pathology. Report of the working group on pulmonary pathology of the German Society of Pathology].

    PubMed

    Schnabel, Ph A; Petersen, I; Junker, K

    2012-11-01

    The working group on pulmonary pathology of the German Society of Pathology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pathologie, DGP) developed very actively in the last year. Apart from the autumn meeting in Heidelberg in 2011 and the sessions at the annual DGP meeting in Berlin it was possible to realize a first publication with support and coauthorship of several members of the working group dealing with the classification of lung adenocarcinoma. In this report the key aspects of the activity related to the following issues are summarized including non-small cell lung carcinoma, neuroendocrine tumors of the lungs, interstitial pulmonary diseases, cell blocks in cytology and banking in thoracic pathology.

  5. STS-55 Payload Specialist Walter and backups at KSC Launch Complex (LC) Pad 39A

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter (center) discusses preflight procedures with backup payload specialists Dr. P. Gerhard Thiele (left) and Renate Brummer at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex (LC) Pad 39A. The entire seven-member flight crew and the two alternates are learning pad procedures and structures during the Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT), a dress rehearsal for launch. Walter, Thiele, and Brummer are representatives for Germany's DLR. View provided by KSC with alternate KSC number KSC-93PC-318.

  6. STS-55 SL-D2 crew reviews preflight CEIT procedures in KSC conference room

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) crewmembers, seated at a conference table, discuss Crew Equipment Interface Test (CEIT) procedures in a briefing room at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). From left are Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, Pilot Terence T. Henricks, Commander Steven R. Nagel, MS3 Bernard J. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, and MS2 Charles J. Precourt. Seated in the foreground are KSC technicians and payload integration officers. Walter and Schlegel are representatives from DLR. View provided by KSC with alternate KSC number KSC-93PC-212.

  7. STS-55 MS2 Precourt in life raft during egress exercises at JSC's WETF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Using a small single person life raft, STS-55 Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Charles J. Precourt floats in the pool located in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29. Precourt, wearing a launch and entry suit (LES) and launch and entry helmet (LEH), operates the Space Shuttle Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT) portable locating beacon (PLC) as SCUBA-equipped diver looks on. Precourt, along with other crewmembers, practiced launch emergency egress (bailout). STS-55 with the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) payload will fly aboard Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, in 1993.

  8. [German Urological Associations under National Socialism].

    PubMed

    Krischel, M; Moll, F; Fangerau, H

    2011-09-01

    The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Urologie (German Urological Association), established in 1907, was a German-Austrian medical society in which Jewish physicians held important positions. When the Nazis seized power in 1933, the Austrian Hans Rubritius was president of the society. The non-German presidency and the exclusion of Jewish colleagues from the professional society and medical practice led to a halt of the society's activities. At the same time in the mid 1930s, German urologists founded the Gesellschaft Reichsdeutscher Urologen (Association of Reichs-German Urologists) whose members aligned themselves with Nazi health policies and in turn received professional and personal benefits.

  9. Lower Devonian tentaculite bed in the Satun area, southern peninsular Thailand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agematsu, Sachiko; Sashida, Katsuo; Salyapongse, Sirot; Sardsud, Apsorn

    2006-05-01

    A Lower Devonian (Emsian) tentaculite fauna including Nowakia acuaria [Richer, R., 1854. Thüringische Tentaculiten. Zeitschr. Deutsch. Geol. Gesellsch. 6, 275-290] occurs in black shale in the basal part of a siliciclastic sequence exposed north of Satun, southern peninsular Thailand. Similar tentaculite beds with Nowakia have been reported from several areas in the Fang, Sri Sawat, and Trang areas of Thailand, the Langkawi Islands and the Mahang-Baling areas of Malaysia. The depositional environments in which the tentaculite-bearing black shale accumulated extended from modern northern Thailand to northwestern Malaysia during the Early Devonian (Emsian).

  10. STS-55 MS1/PLC Ross and Payload Specialist Walter work in SL-D2 module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross floats near cycle ergometer and Rack 9 Anthrorack (AR) (Human Physiology Laboratory) as German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter reviews a checklist in front of Rack 11 Experiment Rack. These experiment stations and the crewmembers are in the shirt-sleeve environment of the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module onboard the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. In the background is the SL-D2 aft end cone. Behind Ross and Walter is Rack 12 Experiment Rack with Baroreflex (BA).

  11. STS-55 Commander Nagel uses SAREX II inside the SL-D2 module aboard OV-102

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Commander Steven R. Nagel, wearing headset, holds the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment II (SAREX-II) transceiver during testing of the whip antenna protruding from the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module. Nagel is stationed in front of the SL-D2 aft end cone. The seven member crew participated in communications with students and licensed radio operators via SAREX. Attached to the aft end cone are a fire extinguisher and an STS-37 extravehicular activity (EVA) photo of Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross (STS037-18-032).

  12. STS-55 Columbia, OV-102, crew poses for onboard portrait in SL-D2 module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, crewmembers pose for their traditional onboard (inflight) portrait in the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module. Front (left to right) are Pilot Terence T. Henricks, Commander Steven R. Nagel, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, and Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Charles J. Precourt. In the rear (left to right) are MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, and MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross. Walter and Schlegel represent the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR).

  13. Speech Generation from Semantic Nets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-09-01

    Speech Generation from Semantic Nets Page 2 (inPUt and output) is monitored bY a "discourse module" ( Deutsch , 1975) to maintain an accurate...in the Phrase, HEURISTIC RULES Hornby describes three basic positions for adverbs in the c1ause1 "front" position, "mid" position, and "end...34 position, Front position adverbs occur before the subject: •YesterdaY he went home, from there he took a taxi," The interrogative adverbs (e,g, how, when

  14. Interference effects in short-term memory for timbre.

    PubMed

    Starr, G E; Pitt, M A

    1997-07-01

    Four experiments investigated memory for timbre using the interpolated-tone paradigm [Deutsch, Science 168, 1604-1605 (1970)], in which participants discriminate pairs of tones (standard and comparison) separated by intervening (interpolated) tones. Interpolated tones varied from the standard tone in spectral similarity (within-dimensional variation), fundamental frequency (cross-dimensional variation), and repetition frequency. While the latter two variables had negligible effects on timbre memory, interference with timbre memory increased with the spectral similarity of the interpolated tones to the standard tone. The findings closely parallel those found for pitch memory, and suggest that memory interference depends on perceptual similarity in both cases.

  15. STS-55 Columbia, OV-102, crew poses for onboard portrait in SL-D2 module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, crewmembers pose for their traditional onboard (inflight) portrait in the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module. Front (left to right) are Pilot Terence T. Henricks, Commander Steven R. Nagel, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, and Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Charles J. Precourt. In the rear (left to right) are MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, and MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross. Walter and Schlegel represent the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR).

  16. STS-55 crewmembers work in the SL-D2 module onboard OV-102

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Working in the shirt-sleeve research environment of the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module are STS-55 Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, and German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter. Ross examines sample tube at Rack 8 Werkstofflabor (WL) (left). Harris, holding his arm, waits to have his blood drawn by Schlegel (right). Wearing the baroreflex (BA) collar at Rack 12 Experiment Rack and waving is Walter. The SL-D2 module is located in the payload bay (PLB) of the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102.

  17. Future Large - Scale Projects and Programmes in Astronomy and Astrophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corbett, I.

    2004-03-01

    This workshop was proposed by Germany, which invited ESO to act as host, and took place on December 1-3, at the Deutsches Museum (December 1) and at the Ludwig- Maximilians-Universität (December 2, 3). It was attended by government-appointed delegates from fifteen Global Science Forum Member countries and Observers, three non- OECD countries, representatives of ESO, the President of the International Astronomical Union, invited speakers, and the OECD secretariat, and was chaired by Ian Corbett of ESO.

  18. A self-consistent global model of surface wave discharges with cylindrical or co-axial structures: Ar or O2 fed with continuous or pulse-modulated power input

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kemaneci, Efe; Mitschker, Felix; Rudolph, Marcel; Szeremley, Daniel; Eremin, Denis; Awakowicz, Peter; Brinkmann, Ralf Peter

    2016-09-01

    A series of cylindrical and co-axial surface wave discharges fed with either argon or oxygen is modelled by a zero-dimensional global modelling approach. Compared to a recent study of the cylindrical surface-wave discharges, a self-consistent estimation of the edge-to-center ratios are analytically defined and extended to include the co-axial structures. The simulation results are compared with the experimental data of the considered discharges for continuous and pulse-modulated power input and a good agreement is obtained. Deutsch Bundesministerium fur Bildung und Forschung via PluTO+.

  19. Terminology and Assessment Methods of Solid Propellant Rocket Exhaust Signatures (Methodes d’Evaluation des Signatures des Propulseurs a Propergol Solide)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-01

    11 69D-80tJ0 Mu~nchcn 80 Spain Mr D,M. Barreiros Dr R. Dirscherl Departemento Energia y Deutsche Aerospace Propulsion Abteilung VAR 331 INTA Postfach... Solar scattering from less thtan a factor at I1) for smokte bmoke a Search lightl effert Near infrared S Glood S Poor P lrobably figir but relatively...rotational systems 8.01 to00o or solar aind earthishine regioni lredictiolls cai be made to a (1 Molecular Ilybrlde relatioii factor or 5 (I F. I [CI 1120) a

  20. Closed Timelike Curves via Postselection: Theory and Experimental Test of Consistency

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lloyd, Seth; Maccone, Lorenzo; Garcia-Patron, Raul; Giovannetti, Vittorio; Shikano, Yutaka; Pirandola, Stefano; Rozema, Lee A.; Darabi, Ardavan; Soudagar, Yasaman; Shalm, Lynden K.; Steinberg, Aephraim M.

    2011-01-01

    Closed timelike curves (CTCs) are trajectories in spacetime that effectively travel backwards in time: a test particle following a CTC can interact with its former self in the past. A widely accepted quantum theory of CTCs was proposed by Deutsch. Here we analyze an alternative quantum formulation of CTCs based on teleportation and postselection, and show that it is inequivalent to Deutsch’s. The predictions or retrodictions of our theory can be simulated experimentally: we report the results of an experiment illustrating how in our particular theory the “grandfather paradox” is resolved.

  1. Happiness: origins, forms, and technical relevance.

    PubMed

    Akhtar, Salman

    2010-09-01

    By critically reviewing Freud's views on happiness, and also those of Helene Deutsch, Bertram Lewin, Melanie Klein, and Heinz Kohut, the author evolves a complex and multilayered perspective on the phenomenon. He categorizes happiness into four related and occasionally overlapping varieties: pleasure-based happiness (elation), assertion-based happiness (joy), merger-based happiness (ecstasy), and fulfillment-based happiness (contentment). After entering some caveats and drawing from his clinical experience, the author then demonstrates the relevance of these ideas to the conduct of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis.

  2. [Migraine variants and unusual types of migraine in childhood].

    PubMed

    Gaul, C; Kraya, T; Holle, D; Benkel-Herrenbrück, I; Schara, U; Ebinger, F

    2011-04-01

    Migraine is a frequent primary headache disorder in children and adolescents. Most of the young sufferers of migraine describe typical migraine symptoms but sometimes rare forms of migraine variants and unusual types of migraine occur in children and adolescents. These childhood periodic syndromes are common precursors of migraine. Phenotypes are alternating hemiplegia of childhood, benign paroxysmal torticollis, benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood, alternating hemiplegia in childhood, Alice in Wonderland syndrome, cyclic vomiting syndrome, acute confusional migraine and abdominal migraine. © Deutsche Gesellschaft zum Studium des Schmerzes

  3. The design and performance of 150-MW S-band klystrons

    SciTech Connect

    Sprehn, D.; Phillips, R.M.; Caryotakis, G.

    1994-09-01

    As part of an international collaboration, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) klystron group has designed, fabricated and tested a 60 Hz, 3 {mu}s, 150 MW klystron built for Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY). A test diode with a 535 kV, 700 A electron beam was constructed to verify the gun operation. The first klystron was built and successfully met design specifications. This paper discusses design issues and experimental results of the diode and klystron including the suppression of gun oscillations.

  4. Partial coalescence of sessile drops with different liquids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borcia, Rodica; Bestehorn, Michael

    2014-11-01

    We examine numerically the interaction between two deformable drops consisting of two perfectly miscible liquids sitting on a solid substrate under a given contact angle. Driven by solutal Marangoni forces, several distinct coalescence regimes are achieved after the droplets collision. Phase diagrams for different control parameters are emphasized, which give predictions about drop behavior along the solid substrates, control of various interfacial effects, manipulations of tiny droplets in micro- and nano-fluidic devices without power supply, design of droplets or cleaning surfaces. This work was partially supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) under the project ``Dynamics of interfaces between drops with miscible liquids''.

  5. Monte Carlo procedure for protein design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Irbäck, Anders; Peterson, Carsten; Potthast, Frank; Sandelin, Erik

    1998-11-01

    A method for sequence optimization in protein models is presented. The approach, which has inherited its basic philosophy from recent work by Deutsch and Kurosky [Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 323 (1996)] by maximizing conditional probabilities rather than minimizing energy functions, is based upon a different and very efficient multisequence Monte Carlo scheme. By construction, the method ensures that the designed sequences represent good folders thermodynamically. A bootstrap procedure for the sequence space search is devised making very large chains feasible. The algorithm is successfully explored on the two-dimensional HP model [K. F. Lau and K. A. Dill, Macromolecules 32, 3986 (1989)] with chain lengths N=16, 18, and 32.

  6. Design Equation: A Novel Approach to Heteropolymer Design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iba, Yukito; Tokita, Kei; Kikuchi, Macoto

    1998-11-01

    A novel approach to heteropolymer design isproposed. It is based on the criterionby Kurosky and Deutsch, with whichthe probability of a target conformation in a conformationspace is maximized at low but finite temperature.The key feature of the proposed approach is the useof soft spins (fuzzy monomers) that leads to a design equation, whichis an analog of the Boltzmann machine learning equation in the design problem. We implement an algorithm based on the design equationfor the generalized HP model on the 3×3×3 cubic lattice and check its performance.

  7. STS-55 MS1/PLC Ross and Payload Specialist Walter work in SL-D2 module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross floats near cycle ergometer and Rack 9 Anthrorack (AR) (Human Physiology Laboratory) as German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter reviews a checklist in front of Rack 11 Experiment Rack. These experiment stations and the crewmembers are in the shirt-sleeve environment of the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module onboard the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. In the background is the SL-D2 aft end cone. Behind Ross and Walter is Rack 12 Experiment Rack with Baroreflex (BA).

  8. Das Allgemeine Statistische Archiv

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rinne, Horst

    Das Allgemeine Statistische Archiv1, nachfolgend kurz Archiv genannt, ist die älteste, ausschließlich der Statistik gewidmete deutschsprachige wissenschaftliche Fachzeitschrift. Sie ist gut zwanzig Jahre älter als die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft, zu deren Publikationsorgan sie mit der Gründung der Gesellschaft im Jahre 1911 wurde. Zeitschrift und Gesellschaft blicken auf eine sehr wechselvolle, aber erfolgreiche gemeinsame Geschichte zurück. Die wissenschaftliche Arbeit der Gesellschaft ist im Archiv und seinen Sonderheften für nachfolgende Generationen dokumentiert.

  9. [Interdisciplinary and individualized therapy of prostate cancer : International prostate cancer symposium Bonn 2013 - challenges and targets].

    PubMed

    Schwardt, M; Debus, J; Feick, G; Hadaschik, B; Hohenfellner, M; Schüle, R; Zacharias, J-P; Combs, S E

    2015-11-01

    Multimodal treatment of prostate cancer is based on specific staging via imaging, clinical parameters, tumor markers and histopathological grading. Risk-adapted therapy encompasses wait and see, active surveillance, surgical intervention, radiotherapy and hormone therapy. Some patients also need a combination of these treatment options. Even though clinical parameters guide the treatment plan, patient wishes and preferences are incorporated. Against this background leading basic research scientists, urologists, radiotherapists, epidemiologists and members of other associated disciplines discussed state of the art treatment concepts, innovative trial designs and translational research projects at the international meeting "Challenges and Chances in Prostate Cancer Research" organized by the German Cancer Aid (Deutsche Krebshilfe).

  10. Calendar of Selected Aeronautical & Space Meetings, January 1990 (Calendrier des Manifestations Aeronautiques et Spatiales (Selection) Janvier 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    scientifique et technique; " En leur 6vitant l’obligation de consulter diff~rentes sources pour ddter- miner les reunions qui ont 6t programm ~es...Ch. 1). (Veuillez noter que les manifestations dont le programme couvre plusieurs themes parmi ceux: qui sont indiqu~s ci-dessus de 0 1 09, sont...und Raunifahrt : Postfach 3267, D-3300 Braunschweig GE DGLR Deutsche Geselischaft rur Luft-und-Raunifalirt: Godesberger Allee 70, D-5 300 Bonn 2 GE DLR

  11. Multi-Model Ensemble Wake Vortex Prediction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koerner, Stephan; Holzaepfel, Frank; Ahmad, Nash'at N.

    2015-01-01

    Several multi-model ensemble methods are investigated for predicting wake vortex transport and decay. This study is a joint effort between National Aeronautics and Space Administration and Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt to develop a multi-model ensemble capability using their wake models. An overview of different multi-model ensemble methods and their feasibility for wake applications is presented. The methods include Reliability Ensemble Averaging, Bayesian Model Averaging, and Monte Carlo Simulations. The methodologies are evaluated using data from wake vortex field experiments.

  12. Study of Infrared Atmospheric Emission.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    Edward S. and Hajime Sakai, "The 5g Levels of Atomic Nitrogen," J. Phys. B: 14, L391 (1981) Sakai, Hajime, P. Hansen, M. Esplin, R Johansson, M. Peltola...Academic) Chang E S and Sakai H 1981 J. Phys. B: At. Mot. Pkys. 14 L391 -" 1982 to be published Deutsch C 1970 Phys. Rev. A 2 43-8 Edlin B 1964 Encyclopedia...Chang and H. Sakai, J. Phys. B 14, L391 (1981). G. Karl, B. hickel, J. D. Poll, and L. Wotniewicz, Phys. Rev. 6J. T. Hougen. The Calculatiot of

  13. STS-55 MS3 Harris draws blood sample from Payload Specialist Schlegel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel (left) serves as a test subject inside the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module onboard the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr, a physician, performs one of many blood draws designed to help investigate human physiology under microgravity conditions. The two crewmembers use intravehicular activity (IVA) foot restraints (foot loops) in front of Rack 10, a stowage rack, to steady themselves during the procedure. Schlegel represents the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR).

  14. Deterministic quantum computation with one photonic qubit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hor-Meyll, M.; Tasca, D. S.; Walborn, S. P.; Ribeiro, P. H. Souto; Santos, M. M.; Duzzioni, E. I.

    2015-07-01

    We show that deterministic quantum computing with one qubit (DQC1) can be experimentally implemented with a spatial light modulator, using the polarization and the transverse spatial degrees of freedom of light. The scheme allows the computation of the trace of a high-dimension matrix, being limited by the resolution of the modulator panel and the technical imperfections. In order to illustrate the method, we compute the normalized trace of unitary matrices and implement the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm. The largest matrix that can be manipulated with our setup is 1080 ×1920 , which is able to represent a system with approximately 21 qubits.

  15. Cannonical [sic] confusions, an illusory allusion, and more: a critique of Haggbloom, et al.'s list of eminent psychologists (2002).

    PubMed

    Black, Stephen L

    2003-06-01

    The analysis by Haggbloom, et al. (2002) establishing a list of the most eminent psychologists of the 20th century contains significant errors. In one case the achievements of Walter B. Cannon are misattributed to W. Gary Cannon. Other errors are eponyms misattributed to Margaret F. Washburn, Morton Deutsch, Wolfgang Köhler, and G. Stanley Hall. A further mistake is to miscalculate the statistic for introductory psychology textbook citations for Hans J. Eysenck. These errors have consequences for the ranking of individuals on this list. Care must be taken to guard against such mistakes.

  16. Experiment to measure vacuum birefringence: Conceptual design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mueller, Guido; Tanner, David; Doebrich, Babette; Poeld, Jan; Lindner, Axel; Willke, Benno

    2016-03-01

    Vacuum birefringence is another lingering challenge which will soon become accessible to experimental verification. The effect was first calculated by Euler and Heisenberg in 1936 and is these days described as a one-loop correction to the differential index of refraction between light which is polarized parallel and perpendicular to an external magnetic field. Our plan is to realize (and slightly modify) an idea which was originally published by Hall, Ye, and Ma using advanced LIGO and LISA technology and the infrastructure of the ALPS light-shining-through-walls experiment following the ALPS IIc science run. This work is supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Heising-Simons Foundation.

  17. STS-55 crewmembers work in the SL-D2 module onboard OV-102

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Working in the shirt-sleeve research environment of the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module are STS-55 Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, and German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter. Ross examines sample tube at Rack 8 Werkstofflabor (WL) (left). Harris, holding his arm, waits to have his blood drawn by Schlegel (right). Wearing the baroreflex (BA) collar at Rack 12 Experiment Rack and waving is Walter. The SL-D2 module is located in the payload bay (PLB) of the Earth-orbiting Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102.

  18. STS-55 SL-D2 crew reviews preflight CEIT procedures in KSC conference room

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) crewmembers, seated at a conference table, discuss Crew Equipment Interface Test (CEIT) procedures in a briefing room at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). From left are Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, Pilot Terence T. Henricks, Commander Steven R. Nagel, MS3 Bernard J. Harris, Jr, German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, and MS2 Charles J. Precourt. Seated in the foreground are KSC technicians and payload integration officers. Walter and Schlegel are representatives from DLR. View provided by KSC with alternate KSC number KSC-93PC-212.

  19. STS-55 MS2 Precourt in life raft during egress exercises at JSC's WETF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Using a small single person life raft, STS-55 Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Charles J. Precourt floats in the pool located in JSC's Weightless Environment Training Facility (WETF) Bldg 29. Precourt, wearing a launch and entry suit (LES) and launch and entry helmet (LEH), operates the Space Shuttle Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT) portable locating beacon (PLC) as SCUBA-equipped diver looks on. Precourt, along with other crewmembers, practiced launch emergency egress (bailout). STS-55 with the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) payload will fly aboard Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, in 1993.

  20. Classification of skin sensitizing substances: a comparison between approaches used by the DFG-MAK Commission and the European Union legislation.

    PubMed

    Lessmann, H; Uter, W; Diepgen, T L; Drexler, H; Fartasch, M; Greim, H; Hartwig, A; Kreis, P; Löser, E; Merget, R; Merk, H; Nowak, D; Rothe, A; Stropp, G; Schnuch, A

    2011-10-01

    A systematic classification of substances (or mixtures of substances) with regard to various toxicological endpoints is a prerequisite for the implementation of occupational safety strategies. As its principal task the "Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area" of the "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" (DFG-MAK Commission) derives and recommends maximum workplace concentrations and biological tolerance values (MAK and BAT values) based exclusively on scientific arguments. Several endpoints are evaluated separately in detail, e.g. carcinogenicity, risks during pregnancy, germ cell mutagenicity or contribution to systemic toxicity after cutaneous absorption. Skin- and airway sensitization is also considered; the present paper focuses on these two endpoints.

  1. Experimental realization of a four-photon seven-qubit graph state for one-way quantum computation.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sang Min; Park, Hee Su; Cho, Jaeyoon; Kang, Yoonshik; Lee, Jae Yong; Kim, Heonoh; Lee, Dong-Hoon; Choi, Sang-Kyung

    2012-03-26

    We propose and demonstrate the scaling up of photonic graph states through path qubit fusion. Two path qubits from separate two-photon four-qubit states are fused to generate a two-dimensional seven-qubit graph state composed of polarization and path qubits. Genuine seven-qubit entanglement is verified by evaluating the witness operator. Six qubits from the graph state are used to demonstrate the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm for general two-bit functions with a success probability greater than 90%.

  2. [Physical examination and palpation findings of mammary glands and indications of udder health in goat milk].

    PubMed

    Schulz, J; Fahr, R D; Finn, G; Naumann, I

    1999-04-01

    In dairy goats there is less evidence for relationships between udder form traits, results of physical udder examinations and mastitis indicators in the milk than in dairy cows. In 413 goats (predominantly Weisse Deutsche Edelziege and Bunte Deutsche Edelziege) from five herds (free from C.A.E.) repeated investigations of 2537 udder halves and fore milk samples were carried out in order to compare udder traits with findings in the milk. Less than 20% positive bacteriological findings and a low incidence of clinical mastitis testified a good clinical udder health status of the herds. Small teat-floor distances, loose hanging of the udders and bottle-shaped teats, findings which tended to become more frequent as lactation and lactation numbers progressed, indurative alterations of the mammary tissues and the teats tended to be connected with higher milk cell counts (> 1 million/microliter), more polymorphonuclear milk cells (> 40%), higher electrical milk conductivity (> 6.8 mS/cm) and lower milk lactose content (< 4.6%). A similar effect had a bad state of foot trimming. It is proposed to include the studied udder traits into herd health programs and breeding schemes for goats.

  3. Nonstandard Finite-Size Scaling at First-Order Phase Transitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janke, Wolfhard; Mueller, Marco; Johnston, Desmond A.

    2015-03-01

    We show that the standard inverse system volume scaling for finite-size corrections at a first-order phase transition (i.e., 1 /L3 for an L × L × L lattice in 3 D) is transmuted to 1 /L2 scaling if there is an exponential low-temperature phase degeneracy. The gonihedric Ising model which has a four-spin interaction, plaquette Hamiltonian provides an exemplar of just such a system. We use multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations of this model to generate high-precision data which provides strong confirmation of the nonstandard finite-size scaling law. The dual to the gonihedric model, which is an anisotropically coupled Ashkin-Teller model, has a similar degeneracy and also displays the nonstandard scaling behavior. Further potential applications of the transmuted finite-size scaling law will be briefly discussed. Work supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) through SFB/TRR 102 (project B04) and Deutsch-Französische Hochschule (DFH-UFA) under Grant No. CDFA-02-07.

  4. Pitch jnd and the tritone paradox: The linguistic nexus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safari, Kourosh

    2002-11-01

    Previous research has shown a connection between absolute pitch (the ability to name a specific pitch in the absence of any reference) and native competence in a tone language (Deutsch, 1990). In tone languages, tone is one of the features which determines the lexical meaning of a word. This study investigates the relationship between native competence in a tone language and the just noticeable difference of pitch. Furthermore, the tritone paradox studies have shown that subjects hear two tritones (with bell-shaped spectral envelopes) as either ascending or descending depending on their linguistic backgrounds (Deutsch, 1987). It is hypothesized that the native speakers of tone languages have a higher JND for pitch, and hear the two tones of the tritone paradox as ascending, whereas, native speakers of nontone languages hear them as descending. This study will indicate the importance of early musical training for the development of acute tone sensitivity. It will also underline the importance of language and culture in the way it shapes our musical understanding. The significance of this study will be in the areas of music education and pedagogy.

  5. Effects of spatially correlated acoustic-tactile information on judgments of auditory circular direction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cohen, Annabel J.; Lamothe, M. J. Reina; Toms, Ian D.; Fleming, Richard A. G.

    2002-05-01

    Cohen, Lamothe, Fleming, MacIsaac, and Lamoureux [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109, 2460 (2001)] reported that proximity governed circular direction judgments (clockwise/counterclockwise) of two successive tones emanating from all pairs of 12 speakers located at 30-degree intervals around a listeners' head (cranium). Many listeners appeared to experience systematic front-back confusion. Diametrically opposed locations (180-degrees-theoretically ambiguous direction) produced a direction bias pattern resembling Deutsch's tritone paradox [Deutsch, Kuyper, and Fisher, Music Percept. 5, 7992 (1987)]. In Experiment 1 of the present study, the circular direction task was conducted in the tactile domain using 12 circumcranial points of vibration. For all 5 participants, proximity governed direction (without front-back confusion) and a simple clockwise bias was shown for 180-degree pairs. Experiment 2 tested 9 new participants in one unimodal auditory condition and two bimodal auditory-tactile conditions (spatially-correlated/spatially-uncorrelated). Correlated auditory-tactile information eliminated front-back confusion for 8 participants and replaced the ``paradoxical'' bias for 180-degree pairs with the clockwise bias. Thus, spatially correlated audio-tactile location information improves the veridical representation of 360-degree acoustic space, and modality-specific principles are implicated by the unique circular direction bias patterns for 180-degree pairs in the separate auditory and tactile modalities. [Work supported by NSERC.

  6. Ground-based inhibition: Suppressive perceptual mechanisms interact with top-down attention to reduce distractor interference.

    PubMed

    Wager, Erica; Peterson, Mary A; Folstein, Jonathan R; Scalf, Paige E

    2015-01-01

    Successful attentional function requires inhibition of distracting information (e.g., Deutsch & Deutsch, 1963). Similarly, perceptual segregation of the visual world into figure and ground entails ground suppression (e.g., Likova & Tyler, 2008; Peterson & Skow, 2008). Here, we ask whether the suppressive processes of attention and perception-distractor inhibition and ground suppression-interact to more effectively insulate task performance from interfering information. We used a variant of the Eriksen flanker paradigm to assess the efficacy of distractor inhibition. Participants indicated the right/left orientation of a central arrow, which could be flanked by congruent, neutral, or incongruent stimuli. We manipulated the degree to which the ground region of a display was suppressed and measured the influence of this manipulation on the efficacy with which participants could inhibit responses from incongruent flankers. Greater ground suppression reduced the influence on target identification of interfering, incongruent information, but not that of facilitative, congruent information. These data are the first to show that distractor inhibition interacts with ground suppression to improve attentional function.

  7. The Deutch-Jozsa algorithm as a suitable framework for MapReduce in a quantum computer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipovaca, Samir

    The essence of the MapReduce paradigm is a parallel, distributed algorithm across hundreds or thousands machines. In crude fashion this parallelism reminds us of the method of computation by quantum parallelism which is possible only with quantum computers. Deutsch and Jozsa showed that there is a class of problems which can be solved more efficiently by quantum computer than by any classical or stochastic method. The method of computation by quantum parallelism solves the problem with certainty in exponentially less time than any classical computation. This leads to question would it be possible to implement the MapReduce paradigm in a quantum computer and harness this incredible speedup over the classical computation performed by the current computers. Although present quantum computers are not robust enough for code writing and execution, it is worth to explore this question from a theoretical point of view. We will show from a theoretical point of view that the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm is a suitable framework to implement the MapReduce paradigm in a quantum computer.

  8. Instandhaltung und Normung

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosenkranz-Wuttig, Angela

    Das DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. ist ein eingetragener Verein mit Sitz in Berlin. Das DIN erarbeitet gemeinsam mit den Experten der interessierten Kreise Normen und Standards als Dienstleistung für Wirtschaft, Staat und Gesellschaft. Die Kenntnis entsprechender Normen, Standards oder Regeln, sowie deren richtiger Einsatz, ist unter den heutigen Marktbedingungen für jedes Unternehmen ein nicht zu unterschätzender wirtschaftlicher Faktor. Normen schaffen Effizienz bei Produktionsabläufen und sorgen durch eine gleichbleibende sowie vergleichbare Produktqualität für Vertrauen bei den Endverbrauchern. Darüber hinaus stehen Normen unter rechtlichen Aspekten für mehr Sicherheit - Hersteller erreichen bei Anwendung und Einhaltung von Normen ein hohes Maß an rechtlicher Absicherung. Das DIN vertritt die deutschen Interessen in den europäischen und weltweiten Normungsorganisationen, siehe Abb. 1. Zuständig für die elektrotechnische Normung in Deutschland sowie als deutscher Repräsentant in den übernationalen Gremien ist die DKE Deutsche Kommission Elektrotechnik Elektronik Informationstechnik im DIN und VDE.

  9. Telescience with MARCO/HOLOP on board the spacelab D2-mission as a preparation for Columbus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bennett, E.; Geist, W.; Heimann, K.; Heyland, D.; Hibsch, G.; Schmidt, K. D.

    The implementation of the telescience concept and its test in precursor missions is mandatory for experiment operations in the Columbus era with respect to enhancements in science quality and quantity. During the German D2 Spacelab mission, scheduled for spring 1993, a fluid physics experiment (MARCO, MARangoni COnvection in an open boat) will be performed in the telescience mode, using the HOLOP-D2 (HOLographic OPtics laboratory) experiment facility. MARCO will be remotely operated by the experimenter from a USOC (User Support and Operations Center). DLR/MUSC (Microgravity User Support Center, located at Cologne, Germany) will play the role of this USOC, being connected to DLR/GSOC (German Space Operations Center, located in Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany) via remote data, voice and video lines. Telescience with MARCO/HOLOP is a joint effort between DARA GmbH (Deutsche Agentur für Raumfahrt-Angelegenheiten), DLR (Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.) and ESA (European Space Agency).

  10. The Radio Spectra and - Inertial Defects Behavior of Planar Aromatic Heterocycles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McNaughton, Don; Jahn, Michaela K.; Grabow, Jens-Uwe; Godfrey, Peter; Travers, Michael; Wachsmuth, Dennis

    2016-06-01

    The simplest tricyclic aromatic nitrogen heterocyclic molecules 5,6 benzoquinoline and 7,8 benzoquinoline are possible candidates for detection of aromatic systems in the interstellar medium. Therefore the pure rotational spectra have been recorded using frequency-scanned Stark modulated, jet-cooled millimetre wave absorption spectroscopy (48-87 GHz) and Fourier Transform Microwave (FT MW) spectroscopy (2-26 GHz) of a supersonic rotationally cold molecular jet. Guided by ab initio molecular orbital predictions, spectral analysis of mm wave spectra, and higher resolution FT MW spectroscopy provided accurate rotational and centrifugal distortion constants together with 14N nuclear quadrupole coupling constants for both species. The determined inertial defects, along with those of similar species are used to develop an empirical formula for calculation of inertial defects of aromatic ring systems. The predictive ability of the formula is shown to be excellent for planar species with a number of pronounced out of plane vibrations. The resultant constants are of sufficient accuracy to be used in potential astrophysical searches. We gratefully acknowledge support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the Deutsche Akademische Austauschdienst, as well as the Land Niedersachsen (J.-U.G). DMcN also thanks the Royal Society of Chemistry for their generous travel support.

  11. Modulation of Illusory Auditory Perception by Transcranial Electrical Stimulation.

    PubMed

    Prete, Giulia; D'Anselmo, Anita; Tommasi, Luca; Brancucci, Alfredo

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to test whether transcranial electrical stimulation can modulate illusory perception in the auditory domain. In two separate experiments we applied transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (anodal/cathodal tDCS, 2 mA; N = 60) and high-frequency transcranial Random Noise Stimulation (hf-tRNS, 1.5 mA, offset 0; N = 45) on the temporal cortex during the presentation of the stimuli eliciting the Deutsch's illusion. The illusion arises when two sine tones spaced one octave apart (400 and 800 Hz) are presented dichotically in alternation, one in the left and the other in the right ear, so that when the right ear receives the high tone, the left ear receives the low tone, and vice versa. The majority of the population perceives one high-pitched tone in one ear alternating with one low-pitched tone in the other ear. The results revealed that neither anodal nor cathodal tDCS applied over the left/right temporal cortex modulated the perception of the illusion, whereas hf-tRNS applied bilaterally on the temporal cortex reduced the number of times the sequence of sounds is perceived as the Deutsch's illusion with respect to the sham control condition. The stimulation time before the beginning of the task (5 or 15 min) did not influence the perceptual outcome. In accordance with previous findings, we conclude that hf-tRNS can modulate auditory perception more efficiently than tDCS.

  12. Lessons learned from the microbial analysis of the Herschel spacecraft during assembly, integration, and test operations.

    PubMed

    Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Pukall, Rüdiger; Probst, Alexander J; Stieglmeier, Michaela; Schwendner, Petra; Mora, Maximilian; Barczyk, Simon; Bohmeier, Maria; Rettberg, Petra

    2013-12-01

    Understanding microbial diversity in spacecraft assembly clean rooms is of major interest with respect to planetary protection considerations. A coordinated screening of different clean rooms in Europe and South America by three German institutes [Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Leibniz-Institut DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH (DSMZ), and the Institute of Microbiology and Archaea Center, University of Regensburg] took place during the assembly, test, and launch operations of the Herschel spacecraft in 2006-2009. Through this campaign, we retrieved critical information regarding the microbiome within these clean rooms and on the Herschel spacecraft, which served as a model for upcoming ESA mission preparations. This "lessons learned" document summarizes and discusses the data we obtained during this sampling campaign. Additionally, we have taken the opportunity to create a database that includes all 16S rRNA gene sequences ever retrieved from molecular and cultivable diversity studies of spacecraft assembly clean rooms to compare the microbiomes of US, European, and South American facilities.

  13. Pseudo-Potentials in Dense and He-like Hot temperature Plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deutsch, Claude; Rahal, Hamid

    2012-10-01

    Extending our former derivations in dense and high temperature plasmas of hydrogenic effective interactions mimiking the Heisenberg uncertainty principle [1,2], we worked out in a canonical ensemble, effective interactions in He-like plasmas where an orbital 1s electron remains strongly tighted to the He-like ions. The plasma electrons are then taken into account through appropriate Slater sums obtained in the most economical hydrogenic extension of the He-like bound and scattered states with angular orbital momentum l<3. Ground states are described by a multi-parametric HF approximation [3]. We thus obtain Diffraction-corrected electron-ion pseudo-potentials taking into account of a polarizable and nonpointlike ion core. Very large enhancements and discrepancies are obtained when they are contrasted to their H-like homologs with ion charge Z=2,10 and 92. These results are of obvious significance for He-like warm dense matter plasmas.Ionization is also considered.[4pt] [1] C. Deutsch, Phys. Lett. A60, 317 (1977)[4pt] [2] C. Deutsch, Y. Furutani and M.M. Gombert, Phys. Rep. 69,86 (1981)[0pt] [3] E. Clementi and C. Roetti, Atomic Data and Nucl. Data Tables, 14,177(1974)

  14. Observations and relocation of a West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus) off Bimini, The Bahamas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Melillo-Sweeting, Kelly; Reid, James P.; Gittens, Lester; Adimey, Nicole; Dillet, Jared Z.

    2011-01-01

    West Indian manatees (Trichechus manatus) are listed as vulnerable (IUCN Red List, 7 March 2009; Deutsch et al., 2008), with the subspecies Trichechus manatus latirostris and T. m. manatus (Florida and Antillean, respectively) considered endangered (IUCN Red List, 21 January 2011; Deutsch, 2008; Self-Sullivan & Mignucci-Giannoni, 2008). Manatees are not native to The Bahamas; however, sightings have been recorded periodically since 1904, with an increase in sightings documented in the 1990s (Lefebvre et al., 2001). In the area of Bimini, The Bahamas, the first recorded manatee sighting was in 1904 of a single individual that was apparently killed (Allen, 1942). The second was not until 1996, which was poorly documented. The small adult remained for approximately 6 wks before disappearing (Lefebvre et al., 2001). In 1998, a third sighting was reported off Bimini of a single individual. Although the animal was seen for several weeks and was relatively habituated to human presence (Al Sweeting, Jr., pers. comm., 28 November 2008), no data were collected on this individual nor any photographs suitable for identification purposes.

  15. Exubera. Inhale therapeutic systems.

    PubMed

    Bindra, Sanjit; Cefalu, William T

    2002-05-01

    Inhale, in colaboration with Pfizer and Aventis Pharma (formerly Hoechst Marion Roussel; HMR), is developing an insulin formulation utilizing its pulmonary delivery technology for macromolecules for the potential treatment of type I and II diabetes. By July 2001, the phase III program had been completed and the companies had begun to assemble data for MAA and NDA filings; however, it was already clear at this time that additional data might be required for filing. By December 2001, it had been decided that the NDA should include an increased level of controlled, long-term pulmonary safety data in diabetic patients and a major study was planned to be completed in 2002, with the NDA filed thereafter (during 2002). US-05997848 was issued to Inhale Therapeutic Systems in December 1999, and corresponds to WO-09524183, filed in February 1995. Equivalent applications have appeared to date in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Europe, Finland, Hungary, Japan, Norway, New Zealand, Poland and South Africa. This family of applications is specific to pulmonary delivery of insulin. In February 1999, Lehman Brothers gave this inhaled insulin a 60% probability of reaching market, with a possible launch date of 2001. The analysts estimated peak sales at $3 billion in 2011. In May 2000, Aventis predicted that estimated peak sales would be in excess of $1 billion. In February 2000, Merrill Lynch expected product launch in 2002 and predicted that it would be a multibillion-dollar product. Analysts Merril Lynch predicted, in September and November 2000, that the product would be launched by 2002, with sales in that year of e75 million, rising to euro 500 million in 2004. In April 2001, Merrill Lynch predicted that filing for this drug would occur in 2001. Following the report of the potential delay in regulatory filing, issued in July 2001, Deutsche Banc Alex Brown predicted a filing would take place in the fourth quarter of 2002 and launch would take place in the first

  16. Relations between lipoprotein(a) concentrations, LPA genetic variants, and the risk of mortality in patients with established coronary heart disease: a molecular and genetic association study.

    PubMed

    Zewinger, Stephen; Kleber, Marcus E; Tragante, Vinicius; McCubrey, Raymond O; Schmidt, Amand F; Direk, Kenan; Laufs, Ulrich; Werner, Christian; Koenig, Wolfgang; Rothenbacher, Dietrich; Mons, Ute; Breitling, Lutz P; Brenner, Herrmann; Jennings, Richard T; Petrakis, Ioannis; Triem, Sarah; Klug, Mira; Filips, Alexandra; Blankenberg, Stefan; Waldeyer, Christoph; Sinning, Christoph; Schnabel, Renate B; Lackner, Karl J; Vlachopoulou, Efthymia; Nygård, Ottar; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Tell, Grethe S; Sinisalo, Juha; Nieminen, Markku S; Laaksonen, Reijo; Trompet, Stella; Smit, Roelof A J; Sattar, Naveed; Jukema, J Wouter; Groesdonk, Heinrich V; Delgado, Graciela; Stojakovic, Tatjana; Pilbrow, Anna P; Cameron, Vicky A; Richards, A Mark; Doughty, Robert N; Gong, Yan; Cooper-DeHoff, Rhonda; Johnson, Julie; Scholz, Markus; Beutner, Frank; Thiery, Joachim; Smith, J Gustav; Vilmundarson, Ragnar O; McPherson, Ruth; Stewart, Alexandre F R; Cresci, Sharon; Lenzini, Petra A; Spertus, John A; Olivieri, Oliviero; Girelli, Domenico; Martinelli, Nicola I; Leiherer, Andreas; Saely, Christoph H; Drexel, Heinz; Mündlein, Axel; Braund, Peter S; Nelson, Christopher P; Samani, Nilesh J; Kofink, Daniel; Hoefer, Imo E; Pasterkamp, Gerard; Quyyumi, Arshed A; Ko, Yi-An; Hartiala, Jaana A; Allayee, Hooman; Tang, W H Wilson; Hazen, Stanley L; Eriksson, Niclas; Held, Claes; Hagström, Emil; Wallentin, Lars; Åkerblom, Axel; Siegbahn, Agneta; Karp, Igor; Labos, Christopher; Pilote, Louise; Engert, James C; Brophy, James M; Thanassoulis, George; Bogaty, Peter; Szczeklik, Wojciech; Kaczor, Marcin; Sanak, Marek; Virani, Salim S; Ballantyne, Christie M; Lee, Vei-Vei; Boerwinkle, Eric; Holmes, Michael V; Horne, Benjamin D; Hingorani, Aroon; Asselbergs, Folkert W; Patel, Riyaz S; Krämer, Bernhard K; Scharnagl, Hubert; Fliser, Danilo; März, Winfried; Speer, Thimoteus

    2017-07-01

    no associations with mortality. We conclude that these variables are not useful risk factors to measure to predict progression to death after coronary heart disease is established. Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technical Development (AtheroRemo and RiskyCAD), INTERREG IV Oberrhein Programme, Deutsche Nierenstiftung, Else-Kroener Fresenius Foundation, Deutsche Stiftung für Herzforschung, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Saarland University, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Willy Robert Pitzer Foundation, and Waldburg-Zeil Clinics Isny. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Zusammenfassung und Ausblick

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knopp, Lothar; Wiegleb, Gerhard

    Mit dem vorliegenden Buch wird als Ergebnis eines durch die Deutsche BundesstiftungUmwelt (DBU) geförderten Forschungsprojektes an der Brandenburgischen Technischen Universität Cottbus eine erste Standardisierung der Vorgehensweise zur Erfassung, Risikoabschätzung und Bewertung eines Biodiversitätsschadens nach dem Umweltschadensgesetz (USchadG) vorgelegt. Damit kann eine erste Bewertung potentieller Schadenssituationen vorgenommen werden. Die Nutzung der hier erarbeiteten Vorgehensweise bietet sich daher für all diejenigen an, die mit der Frage einer möglichen Haftung für Biodiversitätsschäden nach dem USchadG konfrontiert sind, seien es die Unteren und Oberen Naturschutzbehörden der Länder, die Schadensversicherer, die potentiell Haftenden oder die Naturschutzverbände.

  18. Kos, Dresden, Utopia... A journey through idealism past and present in public health.

    PubMed

    Mackenbach, Johan

    2005-01-01

    This essay reviews some of the sources of idealism in public health, on the basis of an intellectual journey to Kos (home to Hippocrates and his altruistic legacy), Dresden (where the Deutsches Hygiene Museum illustrates the historical connections between fascism and public health), and Utopia (exemplified by Etienne Cabet's Icarie, a fantasy of an ideal city which has nevertheless been partly realized). It is suggested that the large-scale altruism of public health has to be balanced with the value of individual autonomy, and that some degree of dreaming of a better and healthier world is indispensable for further progress in public health. The main conclusion is that the ethical foundations of public health are not always self-evident, and that critical reflection on these foundations was, is, and will always be necessary.

  19. STS-55 SL-D2 MS3 Harris and MS1/PLC Ross inspect OV-102's PLB with techicians

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr (center, mustache) and MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross (far right), wearing clean suits, inspect Columbia's, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102's, payload bay (PLB) equipment and experiments. Ross points to the unique support structure (USS) and its experiments in the aft PLB as Harris and Kennedy Space Center (KSC) technicians look on. The Reaction Kinetics in Glass Melts (RKGM) get away special (GAS) canister is visible at the lower right corner and the Atomic Oxygen Exposure Tray on the USS. Harris and Ross are conducting a Crew Equipment Interface Test (CEIT) of PLB equipment while OV-102 is in KSC's Orbiter Processing Facility (OPF) High Bay 2. More commonly known as the sharp edge inspection, the test provides an opportunity for a thorough inspection of the payload before flight. View provided by KSC with alternate KSC number KSC-93PC-210.

  20. Spontaneous actin dynamics in contractile rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kruse, Karsten; Wollrab, Viktoria; Thiagarajan, Raghavan; Wald, Anne; Riveline, Daniel

    Networks of polymerizing actin filaments are known to be capable to self-organize into a variety of structures. For example, spontaneous actin polymerization waves have been observed in living cells in a number of circumstances, notably, in crawling neutrophils and slime molds. During later stages of cell division, they can also spontaneously form a contractile ring that will eventually cleave the cell into two daughter cells. We present a framework for describing networks of polymerizing actin filaments, where assembly is regulated by various proteins. It can also include the effects of molecular motors. We show that the molecular processes driven by these proteins can generate various structures that have been observed in contractile rings of fission yeast and mammalian cells. We discuss a possible functional role of each of these patterns. The work was supported by Agence Nationale de la Recherche, France, (ANR-10-LABX-0030-INRT) and by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through SFB1027.

  1. Status of Monte Carlo at Los Alamos

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, W.L.; Cashwell, E.D.; Godfrey, T.N.K.; Schrandt, R.G.; Deutsch, O.L.; Booth, T.E.

    1980-05-01

    Four papers were presented by Group X-6 on April 22, 1980, at the Oak Ridge Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC) Seminar-Workshop on Theory and Applications of Monte Carlo Methods. These papers are combined into one report for convenience and because they are related to each other. The first paper (by Thompson and Cashwell) is a general survey about X-6 and MCNP and is an introduction to the other three papers. It can also serve as a resume of X-6. The second paper (by Godfrey) explains some of the details of geometry specification in MCNP. The third paper (by Cashwell and Schrandt) illustrates calculating flux at a point with MCNP; in particular, the once-more-collided flux estimator is demonstrated. Finally, the fourth paper (by Thompson, Deutsch, and Booth) is a tutorial on some variance-reduction techniques. It should be required for a fledging Monte Carlo practitioner.

  2. High Reynolds number tests of the CAST 10-2/DOA 2 airfoil in the Langley 0.3-meter transonic cryogenic tunnel, phase 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dress, D. A.; Mcguire, P. D.; Stanewsky, E.; Ray, E. J.

    1983-01-01

    A wind tunnel investigation of an advanced technology airfoil, the CAST 10-2/DOA 2, was conducted in the Langley 0.3 meter Transonic Cryogenic Tunnel (0.3 m TCT). This was the first of a series of tests conducted in a cooperative National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e. V. (DFVLR) airfoil research program. Test temperature was varied from 280 K to 100 K to pressures from slightly above 1 to 5.8 atmospheres. Mach number was varied from 0.60 to 0.80, and the Reynolds number (based on airfoil chord) was varied from 4 x 10 to the 8th power to 45 x 10 to the 6th power. This report presents the experimental aerodynamic data obtained for the airfoil and includes descriptions of the airfoil model, the 0.3 m TCT, the test instrumentation, and the testing procedures.

  3. Regeneration of zinc anodes for the Electric Fuel{reg_sign} zinc-air refuelable EV battery system

    SciTech Connect

    Koretz, B.; Goldstein, J.R.

    1997-12-31

    The Electric Fuel Limited (EFL) refuelable zinc-air battery system is currently being tested in a number of electric vehicle demonstration projects, the largest of which is a field test of zinc-air postal vans sponsored chiefly by Deutsche Post AG (the German Post Office). The zinc-air battery is not recharged electrically, but rather is refueled through a series of mechanical and electrochemical steps that will require a special infrastructure in commercial application. As part of the German Post Office field test program, Electric Fuel designed and constructed a pilot zinc anode regeneration plant in Bremen, Germany. This plant is capable of servicing up to 100 commercial vans per week, which is adequate for the field test vehicle fleet. This paper will describe the design and operation of each of the areas and devices within the plant.

  4. [Innovative teleradiology network: concept and experience report].

    PubMed

    Kämmerer, M; Bethge, O T; Antoch, G

    2014-04-01

    (DICOM E-MAIL provides a standardized way for exchanging DICOM objects (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) and further relevant patient data for the treatment context reliably and securely via encrypted e-mails. The current version of the DICOM E-MAIL standard recommendations of the"Deutsche Röntgengesellschaft" (DRG, German Röntgen Society) defines for the first time options for setting up a special directory service for the provision and distribution of communication data of all participants in a network. By using such"telephone books", networks of any size can be operated independent of the provider. Compared to a Cross-Enterprise Document Sharing (XDS) scenario, the required infrastructure is considerably less complex and quicker to realize. Critical success factors are, in addition to the technology and an effective support, that the participants themselves contribute to the further development of the network and in this way, the network approach can be practiced.

  5. [Science and society. Guidelines for the Leopoldina Study Center].

    PubMed

    Hacker, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    In order to adequately perform its many diverse tasks as a scholars' society and as the German National Academy of Sciences, the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina needs to view itself in a historical context. This can only happen as part of a culture of remembrance which fosters the memory of the Leopoldina's past and subjects this to a critical analysis in the context of the history of science and academies. The newly founded Leopoldina Study Center for the History of Science and Science Academies is to be a forum that pursues established forms of historical research at the Leopoldina, organizes new scientific projects, and presents its findings to the public. The aim is to involve as many Leopoldina members as possible from all of its disciplines, as well as to collaborate with national and international partners.

  6. [Congenital hearing loss in children. 2: Genetic hearing loss].

    PubMed

    Gross, M; Lange, K; Spormann-Lagodzinski, M

    2001-08-01

    Molecular genetic tests enable a differentiated view of patho-physiological correlation of sensori-neural hearing impairment. On the basis of 4791 records of the German Central Registry on Childhood Hearing Loss (Deutsches Zentralregister für kindliche Hörstörungen (DZH)) it was shown that 35% of all permanent hearing impairment in Germany is caused genetically and 20% are acquired. The proportion of indistinct etiology remains at 45%. The number of children who have a hearing impairment by birth is also vague. It has to be expected that approximately 5% of these children develop a hearing impairment afterwards albeit its genetic determination. In 4791 cases a syndromal phenotype was assumed in 8.9%. Practical advice is given for clinical routine diagnostics with pragmatic suggestions and some distinct syndromes are described. Hitherto identified deafness genes reveal their role in pathological auditory function. Future diagnostic and therapeutic strategies are outlined on the basis of molecular genetic methods.

  7. A strategy for quantum algorithm design assisted by machine learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bang, Jeongho; Ryu, Junghee; Yoo, Seokwon; Pawłowski, Marcin; Lee, Jinhyoung

    2014-07-01

    We propose a method for quantum algorithm design assisted by machine learning. The method uses a quantum-classical hybrid simulator, where a ‘quantum student’ is being taught by a ‘classical teacher’. In other words, in our method, the learning system is supposed to evolve into a quantum algorithm for a given problem, assisted by a classical main-feedback system. Our method is applicable for designing quantum oracle-based algorithms. We chose, as a case study, an oracle decision problem, called a Deutsch-Jozsa problem. We showed by using Monte Carlo simulations that our simulator can faithfully learn a quantum algorithm for solving the problem for a given oracle. Remarkably, the learning time is proportional to the square root of the total number of parameters, rather than showing the exponential dependence found in the classical machine learning-based method.

  8. Plasmakristalle an Bord der ISS: Komplexe Plasmen in Schwerelosigkeit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Hubertus M.; Morfill, Gregor E.

    2005-03-01

    Das deutsch-russische Experiment PKE-Nefedov erforscht komplexe Plasmen in Schwerelosigkeit. Seit 2001 arbeitet es auf der internationalen Raumstation ISS. Komplexe Plasmen bestehen aus einem teilweise ionisierten Gas, das Mikropartikel enthält. Diese Partikel laden sich im Strom der Elektronen und Ionen elektrisch auf. Ihr Verhalten beeinflussen vor allem abgeschirmte Coulomb-Kräfte und Reibungskräfte im Gas. Sie können sich sogar zu einem Plasma-Kristall anordnen. Diese reguläre, dreidimensionale Struktur hat viele Eigenschaften eines echten Kristallgitters. Sie ist jedoch makroskopisch, also klassisch, und die einzelnen Partikel sind viel besser beobachtbar als etwa Atome in kondensierter Materie. Das macht sie zu idealen Modellsystemen für die Erforschung von Kristallen, Phasenübergängen oder von Flüssigkeiten. Komplexe Plasmen zeigen darüber hinaus ganz neue Eigenschaften.

  9. STS-55 Pilot Henricks uses CTE equipment mounted on SL-D2 aft end cone

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Pilot Terence T. Henricks, positioned in front of an adjustable workstation mounted on the Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module aft end cone, conducts Crew Telesupport Experiment (CTE). The STS-55 crew portrait (STS055(S)002) appears on the screen of the Macintosh portable computer. CTE will demonstrate real-time communication between the shuttle crew and the ground via a computer-based multimedia documentation file that includes text, graphics, and photos. CTE is expected to improve the effectiveness of on-orbit payload operations, returns from scientific investigations, crew interaction with the ground, and contingency maintenance tasks for systems and payloads. Also in the view and attached to the end cone are a fire extinguisher, a checklist, and an STS-37 extravehicular activity (EVA) photo of Mission Specialist (MS1) and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross (STS037-18-032).

  10. Remapping the quantum frontier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monroe, Christopher; Lukin, Mikhail

    2008-08-01

    In 1994 the mathematician Peter Shor, then working at AT&T Bell Laboratories in the US, applied quantum mechanics to an age-old problem in number theory and made a remarkable discovery. He showed that a computer that operates on and processes quantum systems could factor large integers exponentially faster than a conventional computer. This result attracted a lot of attention because the difficulty of factoring large numbers is what ensures the security of modern cryptography schemes - even the best conventional computer would take several thousand years to factor a number with more than about 150 digits. Shor's quantum factoring algorithm could, in principle, break such encryption standards - a possibility that led to an explosion of interest in quantum information science. Until then it was a field that had largely been a mere curiosity, despite notable contributions from the likes of Richard Feynman and David Deutsch.

  11. Collection and utilization of Japanese scientific and technological information in Europe and U.S.A. - Report on the Berlin Conference 1989 -

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyakawa, Takayasu; Miwa, Makiko; Obara, Michio

    The 2nd International Conference on Japanese Information in Science Technology and Commerce was held on October 23-25, 1989 at Japanisch-Deutsches Zentrum Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany. During two years since previous Conference at Warwick, England, in 1987, much progresses were made in collecting, using and evaluating Japanese scientific, technological and industrial information in Western countries. On the other hands, overseas supply of Japanese databases and information by Japanese governmental and private organizations have been improved in many aspects. There occurred presentation of papers and valuable exchange of opinions and experiences. The Conference consisted of II Sessions which covered trends and policies, various information sources, analysis and distributions, Japanese language and Kanji processings and direct connection with Japan.

  12. Biodegradation of 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX).

    PubMed

    Lee, Sheng-Yih; Brodman, Bruce W

    2004-01-01

    Two bacteria were isolated from 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) contaminated soil at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey. These organisms were subsequently identified as Rhiziobium rhizogenes BL and Burkholderia sp.BL by the Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH (DSMZ, German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures). In addition a fungus, identified as Cladosporium cladosporioides by DSMZ, was found to be growing on water wet RDX. All of these organisms were found to degrade RDX. The two bacteria were found to represent new species that have not been reported before. It was found that these organisms along with an added carbon source could degrade RDX to simple gaseous products. Data are presented that elucidate the mechanisms of RDX biodegradation for these organisms.

  13. A Landau-Squire Nanojet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosal, Sandip; Laohakunakorn, Nadanai; Gollnick, Benjamin; Moreno-Herrero, Fernando; Aarts, Dirk G. A. L.; Dullens, Roel P. A.; Keyser, Ulrich F.

    2013-11-01

    Fluid jets are found in nature at all length scales - microscopic to cosmological. Here we report on what may be the smallest liquid jet ever observed: an electroosmotically driven flow from a single glass nanopore about 75 nm in radius with a maximum flow rate of about 30 pL/s. A novel anemometry technique allows us to map out the vorticity and velocity fields which show excellent agreement with the classical Landau-Squire solution of the Navier Stokes equations for a point jet. We observe a phenomenon that we call flow rectification: an asymmetry in the flow rate with respect to voltage reversal. Such a nanojet could potentially find applications in gene delivery, nano patterning, and as a diode in microfluidic circuits. NIH (R01HG004842) & Leverhulme Trust (SG), George & Lillian Schiff Foundation & Trinity College (NL), Ministry of Education, Spain (BG), Deutsche Froschungsgemeinschaft & European Research Council (UFK).

  14. Constructing a New Vision: Undoing Gender through Secondary Education in Honduras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murphy-Graham, Erin

    2009-11-01

    This article presents results from a qualitative study on how the Honduran secondary education programme, Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial (SAT), attempts to "undo gender" (Deutsch 2007: 122) by encouraging students to rethink gender relations in their everyday lives in a way that reflects their increased consciousness of gender equality. My findings suggest that SAT increased women's gender consciousness and this heightened their desire for change in the domestic sphere. In some instances, women were able to negotiate a new sharing of responsibilities with their spouses. There are several features of SAT that make it a transformative innovation in education: (1) gender is mainstreamed into the curriculum; (2) gender is linked with the larger concept of justice; (3) students engage in reflection, dialogue and debate; (4) teachers are given the opportunity to reflect critically on their understanding of gender in professional development sessions; and (5) it emphasises that undoing gender requires change among individuals and in social structures such as the family.

  15. Integrative taxonomy reveals a new species of Callisto (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) in the Alps

    PubMed Central

    Kirichenko, Natalia; Huemer, Peter; Deutsch, Helmut; Triberti, Paolo; Rougerie, Rodolphe; Lopez-Vaamonde, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Europe has one of the best-known Lepidopteran faunas in the world, yet many species are still being discovered, especially in groups of small moths. Here we describe a new gracillariid species from the south-eastern Alps, Callisto basistrigella Huemer, Deutsch & Triberti, sp. n. It shows differences from its sister species Callisto coffeella in morphology, the barcode region of the cytochrome c oxidase I gene and the nuclear gene histone H3. Both Callisto basistrigella and Callisto coffeella can co-occur in sympatry without evidence of admixture. Two Callisto basistrigella specimens show evidence of introgression. We highlight the importance of an integrative approach to delimit species, combining morphological and ecological data with mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data. Furthermore, in connection with this study, Ornix blandella Müller-Rutz, 1920, syn. n. is synonymized with Callisto coffeella (Zetterstedt, 1839). PMID:25632257

  16. [Personnel requirements of medical radiation physics in radiotherapy in comparison to the current guidelines "radiation protection in medicine" : Special consideration of intensity-modulated radiation therapy].

    PubMed

    Leetz, H-K; Eipper, H H; Gfirtner, H; Schneider, P; Welker, K

    2014-08-01

    In 1994 and 1998 reports on staffing levels in medical radiation physics for radiation therapy were published by the "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medizinische Physik" (DGMP, German Society for Medical Physics). Because of the technical and methodological progress, changes in recommended qualifications of staff and new governmental regulations, it was necessary to establish new staffing levels. The data were derived from a new survey in clinics. Some of the previously established results from the old reports were adapted to the new conditions by conversion.The staffing requirements were normalized to main components as in the earlier reports resulting in a simple method for calculation of staffing levels. The results were compared with the requirements in the "Richtlinie Strahlenschutz in der Medizin" (guidelines on radiation protection in medicine) and showed satisfactory agreement.

  17. b.i.t. Bremerhaven: Thin Clients entlasten Schulen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Das Schulamt Bremerhaven zentralisiert die Verwaltungs-IT und schafft dadurch Freiräume für pädagogische und organisatorische Herausforderungen. Pflege und Support der neuen Infrastruktur übernimmt der Dienstleister b.i.t. Bremerhaven, die Thin Clients kommen vom Bremer Hersteller IGEL Technology. Ganztagsschulen, das 12-jährige Abitur, PISA, der Wegfall der Orientierungsstufe - deutsche Schulen müssen derzeit zahlreiche organisatorische und pädagogische Herausforderungen bewältigen. Um die neuen Strukturen umsetzen zu können, werden zusätzliche Ressourcen benötigt. Das Schulamt Bremerhaven hat gemeinsam mit dem Dienstleister b.i.t. Bremerhaven (Betrieb für Informationstechnologie) eine intelligente Lösung gefunden, wie sich die benötigten finanziellen Freiräume schaffen lassen.

  18. [Multimodal pain therapy. Current situation].

    PubMed

    Kaiser, U; Sabatowski, R; Azad, S C

    2015-10-01

    A multidisciplinary approach for the management of patients with chronic pain is now well-established in many countries, especially in situations involving a complex disease process in the sense of a biopsychosocial model. Both the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of multidisciplinary pain treatment programs and their superiority compared to unimodal therapy has been documented in a number of studies, reviews and meta-analyses, in particular for patients suffering from chronic low back pain. Nevertheless, there are still major shortcomings concerning the definition of multimodal and multidisciplinary treatment and the quality of structures and processes, compared for example to the standards defined by the German Pain Society (Deutsche Schmerzgesellschaft). Furthermore, there is still no consensus on specific therapeutic approaches, the differentiation between responders and non-responders as well as on the tools required for measurement. All these questions will have to be answered by concerted efforts in a multicenter setting.

  19. Die chronische venöse Insuffizienz - Eine Zusammenfassung der Pathophysiologie, Diagnostik und Therapie.

    PubMed

    Santler, Bettina; Goerge, Tobias

    2017-05-01

    Die chronische Venenerkrankung ist eine weit verbreitete Krankheit, die in späteren Stadien mit einer Vielzahl an Symptomen, aber auch Komplikationen wie dem Ulcus cruris, einhergeht. Dies wiederum hat weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Lebensqualität der Patienten wie auch auf das Gesundheitssystem. Für die Diagnostik der chronischen Venenerkrankungen steht eine Auswahl an Verfahren zur Verfügung, wobei sich die farbkodierte Duplexsonographie als Goldstandard etabliert hat. Im Bereich der Therapie kam es in den letzten Jahrzehnten zu großen Fortschritten, sodass heute auch Alternativen zum klassischen Stripping durch die endoluminalen Verfahren zur Verfügung stehen. Die Wahl der Therapieoption ist jedoch weiterhin stark abhängig von mehreren Faktoren, unter anderem von den anatomischen Gegebenheiten und dem Krankheitsstadium. Im folgenden Artikel werden die Anatomie und Pathophysiologie, sowie die aktuellen Standards der Diagnostik und Therapie zusammengefasst. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Sind die klassischen Methoden zur mykologischen Diagnostik noch "State-of-the-Art"?

    PubMed

    Wiegand, Cornelia; Bauer, Andrea; Brasch, Jochen; Nenoff, Pietro; Schaller, Martin; Mayser, Peter; Hipler, Uta-Christina; Elsner, Peter

    2016-05-01

    Die Labordiagnose einer Pilzinfektion der Haut basiert traditionell auf dem Nativpräparat und der Anzucht des Erregers aus dem klinischen Material. Auch der dermato- histologischer Nachweis von Pilzelementen ist möglich. Diese Methoden sind, sofern sie korrekt ausgeführt werden, in der Regel zum Pilznachweis geeignet. Im Zuge der personalisierten Medizin und den daraus erwachsenden Aufgaben werden jedoch neue Verfahren erforderlich, welche einfach, spezifisch und schnell sind. Der zusätzliche Einsatz von DNA-basierten molekularen Methoden erhöht die Empfindlichkeit sowie die diagnostische Spezifität und reduziert die zum Teil wochenlange Durchführungszeit der konventionellen mykologischen Diagnostik auf 24 bis 48 Stunden. Im Zuge der stetigen Weiterentwicklung im Bereich der personalisierten Medizin sind einfache Analysensysteme auf PCR-Basis denkbar, die in der Hautarztpraxis eine Dermatophyten-Sofort-Diagnostik erlauben (Point-of-Care-Tests). © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Complexity Studies and Security in the Complex World: An Epistemological Framework of Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mesjasz, Czeslaw

    The impact of systems thinking can be found in numerous security-oriented research, beginning from the early works on international system: Pitrim Sorokin, Quincy Wright, first models of military conflict and war: Frederick Lanchester, Lewis F. Richardson, national and military security (origins of RAND Corporation), through development of game theory-based conflict studies, International Relations, classical security studies of Morton A. Kaplan, Karl W. Deutsch [Mesjasz 1988], and ending with contemporary ideas of broadened concepts of security proposed by the Copenhagen School [Buzan et al 1998]. At present it may be even stated that the new military and non-military threats to contemporary complex society, such as low-intensity conflicts, regional conflicts, terrorism, environmental disturbances, etc. cannot be embraced without ideas taken from modern complex systems studies.

  2. Diagnostic analysis of the Lake Uluabat in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Degirminci, Hasan; Alp, Ahmet; Buyukcangaz, Hakan

    2006-05-01

    Diagnostic analysis of wetlands is an ordered/structured method of examining wetland systems to identify their values and constraints for the solution of the environmental problems. This study focuses on the diagnostic analysis of Lake Uluabat on the feasibility of "Objective Oriented Project Planning (OOPP)" approach, created by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and further improved by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ). Negative changes both in water quality and quantity were determined as the core problems. The main results were summarized as the water pollution and fluctuation in the water level caused by the urban and agricultural waste disposals, sedimentation, and overfishing. These negative effects cause loss of biodiversity and damage to crops. Disposal control, training, adequate regulations, and a centralized control and monitoring authority have been proposed to cope with the determined problems.

  3. Modeling of the thermal boundary layer in turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Emran, Mohammad; Shishkina, Olga

    2016-11-01

    We report modeling of the thermal boundary layer in turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection (RBC), which incorporates the effect of turbulent fluctuations. The study is based on the thermal boundary layer equation from Shishkina et al., and new Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of RBC in a cylindrical cell of the aspect ratio 1, for the Prandtl number variation of several orders of magnitude. Our modeled temperature profiles are found to agree with the DNS much better than those obtained with the classical Prandtl-Blasius or Falkner-Skan approaches. The work is supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) under the Grant Sh405/4 - Heisenberg fellowship and SFB963, Project A06.

  4. Beliefs, perceptions and psychosocial impact of acne amongst Singaporean students in tertiary institutions.

    PubMed

    Su, Peiqi; Chen Wee Aw, Derrick; Lee, Siew Hui; Han Sim Toh, Matthias Paul

    2015-03-01

    Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition which can have a negative impact on a patient's quality of life. A survey was distributed among students at tertiary institutions. Data was collected on participants' own rating of acne grade and how acne affected their social life. A clinician on-site graded the participants' acne. Of the 429 students who participated in the survey, 59.8 % felt embarrassed or self-conscious because of their acne. There was a low but statistically significant correlation (Spearman's Correlation Coefficient = 0.471, p < 0.001) between participants' and clinicians' grading of acne. Acne vulgaris causes a considerable amount of psychosocial stress. There are unfounded beliefs surrounding acne and unawareness of treatment options available. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. What is the size of a floating sheath? An answer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voigt, Farina; Naggary, Schabnam; Brinkmann, Ralf Peter

    2016-09-01

    The formation of a non-neutral boundary sheath in front of material surfaces is universal plasma phenomenon. Despite several decades of research, however, not all related issues are fully clarified. In a recent paper, Chabert pointed out that this lack of clarity applies even to the seemingly innocuous question ``What the size of a floating sheath?'' This contribution attempts to provide an answer that is not arbitrary: The size of a floating sheath is defined as the plate separation of an equivalent parallel plate capacitor. The consequences of the definition are explored with the help of a self-consistent sheath model, and a comparison is made with other sheath size definitions. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft within SFB TR 87.

  6. Ensemble prediction and intercomparison analysis of GRACE time-variable gravity field models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakumura, C.; Bettadpur, S.; Bruinsma, S.

    2014-03-01

    Precise measurements of the Earth's time-varying gravitational field from the NASA/Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission allow unprecedented tracking of the transport of mass across and underneath the surface of the Earth and give insight into secular, seasonal, and subseasonal variations in the global water supply. Several groups produce these estimates, and while the various gravity fields are similar, differences in processing strategies and tuning parameters result in solutions with regionally specific variations and error patterns. This study examined the spatial, temporal, and spectral variations between the different gravity field products and developed an ensemble gravity field solution from the products of four such analysis centers. The solutions were found to lie within a certain analysis scatter regardless of the local relative water height variation, and the ensemble model is clearly seen to reduce the noise in the gravity field solutions within the available scatter of the solutions.

  7. STS-55 crew examines emergency egress system (slidewire) mechanism at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) crewmembers examine emergency egress system (slidewire) mechanism and listen to training instructor's briefing on Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex (LC) tower 39A. In the slidewire basket (litter) are Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel (left) and Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Charles J. Precourt. On either side of the basket are (left to right) Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross (kneeling), Commander Steven R. Nagel, Pilot Terence T. Henricks, the instructor, and MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr. Schlegel and Walter are representatives for Germany's DLR. The crewmembers are participating in the Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT), a dress rehearsal for launch. View provided by KSC with alternate KSC number KSC-93PC-316.

  8. STS-55 crew (and backups) pose for portrait in front of SL-D2 module at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, crewmembers and backup (alternate) payload specialists pose for group portrait in front of Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module at a Kennedy Space Center (KSC) processing facility. Left to right (front) are Commander Steven R. Nagel, Pilot Terence T. Henricks, Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Charles J. Precourt, MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, backup Payload Specialist Dr. P. Gerhard Thiele, and Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel; and (back) backup Payload Specialist Renate Brummer and MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross. Walter and Schlegel are scheduled to represent the DLR as payload specialists for the mission, while Brummer and Thiele will serve as alternates and fill supportive roles on the ground.

  9. STS-55 SL-D2 crew poses in front of ET/SRB at KSC Launch Complex (LC) Pad 39A

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) crewmembers pose for a group portrait in front of Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex (LC) Pad 39A. Towering above them in the background are the external tank (ET) and solid rocket boosters (SRBs). Wearing flight coveralls are (left to right) Mission Specialist 2 (MS) Charles J. Precourt, Pilot Terence T. Henricks, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, Commander Steven R. Nagel, German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, and MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr. The crew is at KSC for the Terminal Countdown Demostration Test (TCDT), a dress rehearsal for launch. View provided by KSC with alternate KSC number KSC-93PC-319.

  10. STS-55 crew poses for portrait in front of SL-D2 module at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, crewmembers pose for group portrait in front of Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) science module at a Kennedy Space Center (KSC) processing facility. These five Americans and two Germans have been assigned as prime crewmembers to support the STS-55/SL-D2 mission. Left to right (front) are Commander Steven R. Nagel, Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, Mission Specialist 3 (MS3) Bernard A. Harris, Jr, Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, and MS2 Charles J. Precourt; and (back) Pilot Terence T. Henricks and MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross. Walter and Schlegel are scheduled to represent the DLR as payload specialists for the mission.

  11. STS-55 crew and backups listen to emergency egress briefing on KSC LC tower

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) crewmembers and backup (alternate) payload specialists listen to emergency egress system briefing at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex (LC) Pad 39A. Clockwise from the lower right corner are backup Payload Specialist Renate Brummer, Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Charles J. Precourt, Commander Steven R. Nagel, backup Payload Specialist Dr. P. Gerhard Thiele, MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, Pilot Terence T. Henricks, MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel, and Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter. Other members of the ground team look on. Brummer, Thiele, Schlegel, and Walter are representatives of Germany's DLR. The crew and two alternates are participating in the Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT), a dress rehearsal for launch. View provided by KSC with alternate KSC number KSC-93PC-314.

  12. STS-55 SL-D2 crew, in LESs, rehearse launch procedures during TCDT at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    STS-55 Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, Spacelab Deutsche 2 (SL-D2) crewmembers, wearing launch and entry suits (LESs), depart the Operations and Checkout (O and C) Building for Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex (LC) Pad 39A. Leading the way are Pilot Terence T. Henricks (left) and Commander Steven R. Nagel; behind them are, from left Mission Specialist 2 (MS2) Charles J. Precourt, MS3 Bernard A. Harris, Jr, MS1 and Payload Commander (PLC) Jerry L. Ross, German Payload Specialist 1 Ulrich Walter, and German Payload Specialist 2 Hans Schlegel. This is the final portion of the Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT), a dress rehearsal for launch which cumulates with a simulated T-0. View provided by KSC with alternate KSC number KSC-93PC-310.

  13. Quantum fields on closed timelike curves

    SciTech Connect

    Pienaar, J. L.; Myers, C. R.; Ralph, T. C.

    2011-12-15

    Recently, there has been much interest in the evolution of quantum particles on closed timelike curves (CTCs). However, such models typically assume pointlike particles with only two degrees of freedom; a very questionable assumption given the relativistic setting of the problem. We show that it is possible to generalize the Deutsch model of CTCs to fields using the equivalent circuit formalism. We give examples for coherent, squeezed, and single-photon states interacting with the CTC via a beamsplitter. The model is then generalized further to account for the smooth transition to normal quantum mechanics as the CTC becomes much smaller than the size of the modes interacting on it. In this limit, we find that the system behaves like a standard quantum-mechanical feedback loop.

  14. Extended Coherence Time on the Clock Transition of Optically Trapped Rubidium

    SciTech Connect

    Kleine Buening, G.; Will, J.; Ertmer, W.; Rasel, E.; Klempt, C.; Arlt, J.; Ramirez-Martinez, F.; Rosenbusch, P.; Piechon, F.

    2011-06-17

    Optically trapped ensembles are of crucial importance for frequency measurements and quantum memories but generally suffer from strong dephasing due to inhomogeneous density and light shifts. We demonstrate a drastic increase of the coherence time to 21 s on the magnetic field insensitive clock transition of {sup 87}Rb by applying the recently discovered spin self-rephasing [C. Deutsch et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 020401 (2010)]. This result confirms the general nature of this new mechanism and thus shows its applicability in atom clocks and quantum memories. A systematic investigation of all relevant frequency shifts and noise contributions yields a stability of 2.4x10{sup -11{tau}-1/2}, where {tau} is the integration time in seconds. Based on a set of technical improvements, the presented frequency standard is predicted to rival the stability of microwave fountain clocks in a potentially much more compact setup.

  15. Toward scalable information processing with ultracold polar molecules in an electric field: A numerical investigation

    SciTech Connect

    Bomble, Laeetitia; Pellegrini, Philippe; Ghesquiere, Pierre; Desouter-Lecomte, Michele

    2010-12-15

    We numerically investigate the possibilities of driving quantum algorithms with laser pulses in a register of ultracold NaCs polar molecules in a static electric field. We focus on the possibilities of performing scalable logical operations by considering circuits that involve intermolecular gates (implemented on adjacent interacting molecules) to enable the transfer of information from one molecule to another during conditional laser-driven population inversions. We study the implementation of an arithmetic operation (the addition of 0 or 1 on a binary digit and a carry in) which requires population inversions only and the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm which requires a control of the phases. Under typical experimental conditions, our simulations show that high-fidelity logical operations involving several qubits can be performed in a time scale of a few hundreds of microseconds, opening promising perspectives for the manipulation of a large number of qubits in these systems.

  16. Pressure Sensitive Mats as Safety Devices in Danger Zones.

    PubMed

    Dąbrowski, Stanisław; Brański, Zygfryd

    1998-01-01

    Developing prototypes of pressure sensitive mats and testing their practical application were the aims of this study. Two contact plate mats were designed and constructed: rubber-rubber (R) and metal-metal (M). A recipe for rubber mixes and the production technology were prepared. Two laboratory test stands for measuring the actuating force, response time, static pressure resistance, and the durability of the mats were constructed. Computer software was written to control the operation of those test stands. Methods of testing pressure sensitive mats were based on PrDIN 31 006 (Deutsches Institut fur Normung [DIN], 1990) and EN 1760-1 (Comite Europeen de Normalisation [CEN], 1997). Both prototypes of contact plate mats were tested under laboratory and industrial conditions. The test results proved that the design was correct, the setup requirements were fulfilled, and the mats were efficient and reliable in the industrial environment.

  17. Evidence and evidence gaps – an introduction

    PubMed Central

    Dreier, Gabriele; Löhler, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Background: Medical treatment requires the implementation of existing evidence in the decision making process in order to be able to find the best possible diagnostic, therapeutic or prognostic measure for the individual patient based on the physician’s own expertise. Clinical trials form the evidence base and ideally, their results are assembled, analyzed, summarized, and made available in systematic review articles. Beside planning, conducting, and evaluating clinical trials in conformity with GCP (good clinical practice), it is essential that all results of conducted studies are publicly available in order to avoid publication bias. This includes also the public registration of planned and cancelled trials. History: During the last 25 years, evidence-based medicine became increasingly important in medical care and research. It is closely associated with the names of Archibald Cochrane and David Sackett. About 15 years ago, the Deutsche Cochrane Zentrum (Cochrane Germany) and the Deutsche Netzwerk Evidenzbasierte Medizin e.V. (German Network for Evidence-based Medicine, DNEbM) were founded in Germany. In the International Cochrane Collaboration, clinicians and methodologists come together on an interdisciplinary level to further develop methods of evidence-based medicine and to discuss the topics of evidence generation and processing as well as knowledge transfer. Problem: Evidence is particularly important for physicians in the process of decision making, however, at the same time it is the base of a scientific proof of benefit for the patient and finally for the payers in health care. The closure of evidence gaps requires enormously high staff and financial resources, significant organizational efforts, and it is only successful when clinical and methodical expertise as well as specific knowledge in the field of clinical research are included. On the other hand, the knowledge has to be transferred into practice. For this purpose, practice guidelines, meetings

  18. Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of Coumarin-Triazole Hybrid Molecules as Potential Antitumor and Pancreatic Lipase Agents.

    PubMed

    Kahveci, Bahittin; Yılmaz, Fatih; Menteşe, Emre; Ülker, Serdar

    2017-08-01

    The design, synthesis, and investigation of antitumor and anti-lipase activities of some coumarin-triazole hybrid molecules are reported. The synthesis of these hybrid molecules was performed under microwave irradiation and conventional heating procedures. The newly synthesized hybrid molecules were investigated as inhibitors against four tumor cell lines (BT20 human breast carcinoma, SK-Mel 128 melanoma, DU-145 prostate carcinoma, and A549 lung carcinoma) and porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL). Most of these compounds showed notable antitumor activities against the tested tumor cell lines, and compounds 8i and 8l showed the best anti-lipase activity of 99.30 ± 0.56% and 99.85 ± 1.21%, respectively, at a concentration of 10 μM. © 2017 Deutsche Pharmazeutische Gesellschaft.

  19. Sweetener lowers costs

    SciTech Connect

    Muller, T.; Rosenstock, G.

    1983-10-01

    Mericat sweetening was used to get increased capacity needed by debottlenecking the FCCU at the Ruhr Refinery, Deutsche BP. A low conversion cost initiated the decision to adapt an existing copper chloride sweetener to Mericat but operating experience underscores the value of the choice because operating costs have been only 84% of design while anticipated capacity has been exceeded. Consequently, payout was accelerated to only about four months. Design specifications required that Light Cat Cracked Naphtha (LCCN) containing a maximum of 100 ppmw of mercaptan sulfur be sweetened to a maximum of 10 ppmw while caustic carryover sodium content not exceed 5 ppmw and that the sweetened LCCN meet Copper Strip No. 1 rating. Official tests based on runs with two different crude sources resulted in performance as shown in this paper. Operating costs of the copper chloride sweetening system before conversion and the Mericat system after conversion are also shown.

  20. Active Mesogenic Droplets: Impact of Liquid Crystallinity and Collective Behavior

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahr, Christian

    Droplets of common mesogenic compounds show a self-propelled motion when immersed in aqueous solutions containing ionic surfactants at concentrations well above the critical micelle concentration. After introducing some general properties of this type of artificial microswimmer, we focus on two topics: the influence of liquid crystallinity on the swimming behavior and the collective behavior of ensembles of a larger number of droplets. The mesogenic properties are not essential for the basic mechanism of self-propulsion, nevertheless they considerably influence the swimming behavior of the droplets. For instance, the shape of the trajectories strongly depends on whether the droplets are in the nematic or isotropic state. The droplet swimmers are also ideally suited for the study of collective behavior: Microfluidics enables the generation of large numbers of identical swimmers and we can tune their buoyancy. We report on the collective behavior in three-dimensional environments. Supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SPP 1726 ``Microswimmers'').