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Sample records for diagnosis endovascular treatment

  1. [Modern possibilities of endovascular surgery in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic inflammatory diseases].

    PubMed

    Ivanusa, S Ia; Lazutkin, M V; Alent'ev, S A

    2014-09-01

    Demonstration of possibilities of an effective application of endovascular techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic inflammatory diseases. Group N1 - 41 patients with severe acute pancreatitis, whose complex treatment was complemented with catheterization of the celiac trunk and subsequent regional intra-arterial drug perfusion of the pancreas and spiral celiac angiography. Group N2 - 18 patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis in whom endovascular surgery was performed with the aim of diagnosis and arresting of arrosive haemorrhage. Regional intra-arterial perfusion of the pancreas is effective as a method of prevention of septic complications, progression of pancreatic necrosis in patients with aseptic forms of severe pancreatitis, in case of infected necrotizing pancreatitis significant advantage of this method over the standard multimodality treatment was observed. Effectiveness of endovascular surgery in the diagnosis and haemostasis of arrosive arterial haemorrhage is showed. The results of this study suggest that the effective use of endovascular surgery as possible in patients with severe acute pancreatitis and late postnecrotic complications.

  2. Hypothenar hammer syndrome in a computer programmer: CTA diagnosis and surgical and endovascular treatment.

    PubMed

    Abdel-Gawad, Ehab A; Bonatti, Hugo; Housseini, Ahmed M; Maged, Ismaeel M; Morgan, Raymond F; Hagspiel, Klaus D

    2009-01-01

    Finger ischemia due to embolic occlusion of digital arteries resulting from trauma to the palmar ulnar artery has been termed hypothenar hammer syndrome (HHS). In HHS, arterial thrombosis and/or aneurysm formation with embolization to the digital arteries causes symptoms of ischemia. We describe a patient in whom the initial diagnosis was made on multidetector computed tomographic angiography (CTA), as well as his endovascular and surgical management.

  3. An Approach to Diagnosis and Endovascular Treatment of Refractory Ascites in Liver Transplant: A Pictorial Essay and Clinical Practice Algorithm.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Keith; Salsamendi, Jason; Fan, Ji

    2015-10-01

    Recipients of liver transplant are surviving longer as both the surgical procedure and postsurgical care have improved. Despite improvements, serious complications from the procedure remain that significantly affect patient outcome and may result in retransplant. Refractory ascites is one complication, occurring in about 5.6% of transplant recipients. Management of refractory ascites after liver transplant presents a challenge to the multidisciplinary team caring for these patients. We discuss approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of refractory ascites after liver transplant, based on a literature review, with a primary focus on vascular causes. These approaches are illustrated by case examples highlighting our experiences at an academic tertiary medical center. We propose a clinical practice algorithm for optimal endovascular treatment of refractory ascites after liver transplant. The cornerstone of refractory ascites care is diagnosis and treatment of the cause. Vascular causes are not infrequently encountered and, if not treated early, are associated with graft loss and high morbidity and mortality and are major indications for retransplant. For patients with recurrent disease or graft rejection needing large volume paracentesis, the use of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt may serve as a bridge to more definitive treatment (retransplant), although it may not be as effective for managing ascites as splenic artery embolization, arguably underused, which is emerging as a potential alternative treatment option. A multidisciplinary strategy for the diagnosis and care of patients with refractory ascites after liver transplant is crucial, with endovascular treatment playing an important role. The aim is for this document to serve as a concise and informative reference to be used by those who may care for patients with this rare yet serious diagnosis.

  4. Endovascular Treatment of AVF after Hair Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Dogan, Sozen; Cinar, Celal; Demirpolat, Gulen; Memis, Ahmet

    2008-07-15

    Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the scalp is a very rare complication of hair transplantation. Only 9 cases have been reported in nearly half a century. The diagnosis is clinical but angiography is necessary for defining the angioarchitecture of the lesion. Due to technical developments, endovascular embolization has become the primary treatment for AVF of the scalp.

  5. Endovascular treatment of blister aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Peitz, Geoffrey W; Sy, Christopher A; Grandhi, Ramesh

    2017-06-01

    Blister aneurysms are rare cerebrovascular lesions for which the treatment methods are reviewed here, with a focus on endovascular options. The reported pathogenesis of blister aneurysms varies, and hemodynamic stress, arterial dissection, and arteriosclerotic ulceration have all been described. There is consensus on the excessive fragility of blister aneurysms and their parent vessels, which makes clipping technically difficult. Open surgical treatment is associated with high rates of complications, morbidity, and mortality; endovascular treatment is a promising alternative. Among endovascular treatment options, deconstructive treatment has been associated with higher morbidity compared with reconstructive methods such as direct embolization, stent- or balloon-assisted direct embolization, stent monotherapy, and flow diversion. Flow diversion has been associated with higher technical success rates and similar clinical outcomes compared with non-flow diverting treatment methods. However, delayed aneurysm occlusion and the need for antiplatelet therapy are potential drawbacks to flow diversion that must be considered when choosing among treatment methods for blister aneurysms.

  6. Pulmonary artery rupture as a complication of Swan-Ganz catheter application. Diagnosis and endovascular treatment: a single centre's experience.

    PubMed

    Rudziński, Piotr N; Henzel, Jan; Dzielińska, Zofia; Lubiszewska, Barbara M; Michałowska, Ilona; Szymański, Piotr; Pracoń, Radosław; Hryniewiecki, Tomasz; Demkow, Marcin

    2016-01-01

    The placement of a Swan-Ganz catheter into the pulmonary artery may lead to a number of complications (2-17%). In less than 0.2% of cases Swan-Ganz catheterization results in serious vascular damage - pulmonary artery rupture (PAR). This paper presents two distinct forms of iatrogenic PAR treated endovascularly using different vascular devices. To evaluate the effectiveness of endovascular treatment and the application of different types of vascular devices in the management of pulmonary artery rupture caused by Swan-Ganz catheterization. In this retrospective study we evaluated 2 patients in whom Swan-Ganz catheter application was used for perioperative monitoring and resulted in pulmonary artery rupture. This complication was treated endovascularly by means of interventional cardiology. We report the cases of 2 patients with a pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm formed in the perioperative period. In case 1, a single, 4-loop, 3 mm diameter coil was implanted. In case 2, a 5 mm Amplatzer Vascular Plug IV was applied. In both cases, the endovascular approach resulted in total occlusion of the feeding artery and reduced further extravasation of the blood. Despite its extremely low incidence, iatrogenic PAR is a serious, life-threatening complication of Swan-Ganz catheterization that requires urgent attention. Among available methods of treatment, percutaneous embolization is a relatively quick, safe, accurate and highly effective alternative to traumatizing surgery.

  7. Endovascular Treatment of Symptomatic Vertebral Artery Dissecting Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Han, Jinsol; Ha, Sung-Kon; Choi, Jong-Il; Jin, Sung-Won; Kim, Se-Hoon

    2016-01-01

    Objective Vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms (VADAs) are rare and many debates are present about treatment options. We review types and efficacy of our endovascular treatments and establish a safe endovascular therapeutic strategy regard to the angio-architecture of VADAs. Materials and Methods Between July 2008 and October 2015, we treated 22 patients with symptomatic VADAs. Fifteen patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage from the ruptured VADAs, digital subtraction angiography and magnetic resonance image confirmed the diagnosis and endovascular treatments were followed as their angio-architecture. Results Clinical results were good in 13 patients (86.7%), and there were no technical problems during endovascular procedures. The other 2 patients with poor prognosis showed severe neurological deficits at the initial evaluation. Among the three different endovascular treatments, there were no radiologic cure in one patient with stent insertion alone, but the patient had no significant clinical symptoms either. Conclusion Endovascular treatments are safe and effective treatment option for managing VADAs and can be the first treatment of choice for most patients. To select proper endovascular treatment according to the angio-architecture of VADAs can reduce the risk of the treatment. PMID:27847762

  8. Endovascular treatment for traumatic thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Cases of an endovascular treatment for traumatic aortic injury are extremely rare. A prompt diagnosis of traumatic thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm through a 3-dimensional computed tomographic angiography of aorta and emergency repair are mandatory to rescue the life-threatening condition. An endovascular treatment is a trend for traumatic aortic injury because of lower invasivity, morbidity and mortality. We reported a rare case of traumatic aortic injury with thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm definitively diagnosed by the reconstructional computed tomographic angiography of aorta and successfully treated with endovascular stent-graft. PMID:23452982

  9. Endovascular Treatment of Nutcracker Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Policha, Aleksandra; Lamparello, Patrick; Sadek, Mikel; Berland, Todd; Maldonado, Thomas

    2016-10-01

    Nutcracker syndrome, or mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein (LRV), with associated symptoms related to venous hypertension in the left kidney, is a rare entity that may result in severe symptoms requiring operative intervention. We report on 3 patients who presented with nutcracker syndrome, including one patient with a circumaortic LRV resulting in posterior nutcracker syndrome, who underwent successful endovascular treatment with renal vein stenting. A review of existing literature on endovascular management of nutcracker syndrome follows. Three women (age range 28-43 years) presented with symptoms and imaging studies consistent with nutcracker syndrome. Symptoms included pelvic and flank pain in all 3 patients, and episodes of hematuria in 2 patients. Imaging studies demonstrated compression of the LRV between the superior mesenteric artery and aorta in 2 of the patients. The third patient was noted to have a circumaortic LRV. All 3 patients underwent venography and LRV stenting. Stents included a 12 × 40 mm self-expanding nitinol stent, 14 × 60 mm WALLSTENT, and 16 × 40 mm WALLSTENT. All patients were placed on clopidogrel postoperatively. The duration of follow-up ranged from 6 to 27 months. At follow-up, all 3 patients reported significant symptomatic improvement, and duplex ultrasonography demonstrated stent patency in all. Nutcracker syndrome is a rare condition that can be successfully treated with renal vein stenting via an endovascular approach. Results are encouraging at follow-up periods beyond 2 years. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Emergency endovascular treatment of popliteal aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Saratzis, Athanasios; Melas, Nikolaos; Dixon, Hannah; Saratzis, Nikolaos

    2010-12-01

    Popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA), despite being rare, is the most common peripheral aneurysm. It can present as acute thrombosis and occlusion of the aneurysmal segment, and distal embolization, causing either chronic or acute limb ischemia. It has traditionally been treated with open surgical reconstruction. Endovascular repair of PAAs has recently been applied electively with a favourable early and mid-term outcome; however there is a lack of reports on the endovascular treatment of PAAs presenting with acute complications. This report describes the treatment of a thrombosed PAA in a 58 year old male using an endovascular stent-graft and also provides a systematic review of the literature on the emergency endovascular treatment of PAAs.

  11. Endovascular treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis: Contemporary multicenter experience

    PubMed Central

    Mokin, Maxim; Lopes, Demetrius K; Binning, Mandy J; Veznedaroglu, Erol; Liebman, Kenneth M; Arthur, Adam S; Doss, Vinodh T; Levy, Elad I

    2015-01-01

    Endovascular therapy of cerebral venous thrombosis using modern approaches to intracranial recanalization, such as stent retrievers and aspiration thrombectomy, is not well described. We performed a retrospective review of data for consecutive patients with venous sinus thrombosis who underwent endovascular treatment between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013 at participating institutions. We identified a total of 13 patients with a diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis. The most frequently utilized type of endovascular intervention was the Penumbra aspiration system (Penumbra Inc., Alameda, California, USA) (nine cases), followed by local infusion of tissue plasminogen activator (bolus and/or drip in six cases) and stent retrievers (Solitaire FR (Covidien, Irvine, California, USA) in three cases and Trevo (Stryker, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA) in one case). Overall, multimodality treatment (two or more different types of devices or approaches) was performed in 62% of cases. Follow-up data were available for 11 patients; of those, five had a favorable clinical outcome (defined as modified Rankin Scale score of 0–2) and three patients died. Various endovascular approaches are utilized in current clinical practice. A multimodal approach to endovascular therapy for the treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis resulted in partial or complete restoration of flow in all cases, yet the mortality rate of 27% indicates the need for improvement in recanalization strategies for this disorder. PMID:26055685

  12. Acute stroke endovascular treatment: tips and tricks.

    PubMed

    Rangel-Castilla, Leonardo; Rajah, Gary B; Shakir, Hakeem J; Davies, Jason M; Snyder, Kenneth V; Siddiqui, Adnan H; Levy, Elad I; Hopkins, L Nelson

    2016-12-01

    Acute ischemic stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States, responsible for 1 of every 20 deaths. The efficacy of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) alone for recanalization of large-vessel occlusion (LVO) is low. Several randomized trials have now established endovascular treatment of LVO as a standard of care. Endovascular techniques continue to evolve at a rapid pace. This review seeks to report recent advances in endovascular technology, discuss the correlation between speed of reperfusion and patient outcomes, and present mobile stroke care, shortcoming of the recent technology (such as clot fragmentation), and potential solutions to overcome these drawbacks, as well as anesthetic considerations and cost-effectiveness.

  13. Endovascular Treatment of Giant Splenic Artery Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Góes Junior, Adenauer Marinho de Oliveira; Góes, Amanda Silva de Oliveira; de Albuquerque, Paloma Cals; Palácios, Renato Menezes; Abib, Simone de Campos Vieira

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. Visceral artery aneurysms are uncommon. Among them, splenic artery is the most common (46–60%). Most splenic artery aneurysms are asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally, but its rupture, potentially fatal, occurs in up to 8% of cases. Presentation of Case. A female patient, 64 years old, diagnosed with a giant aneurysm of the splenic artery (approximately 6.5 cm in diameter) was successfully submitted to endovascular treatment by stent graft implantation. Discussion. Symptomatic aneurysms and those larger than 2 cm represent some of the main indications for intervention. The treatment may be by laparotomy, laparoscopy, or endovascular techniques. Among the various endovascular methods discussed in this paper, there is stent graft implantation, a method still few reported in the literature. Conclusion. Although some authors still consider the endovascular approach as an exception to the treatment of SAA, in major specialized centers these techniques have been consolidated as the preferred choice, reserving the surgical approach in cases where this cannot be used. For being a less aggressive approach, it offers an opportunity of treatment to patients considered “high risk” for surgical treatment by laparotomy/laparoscopy. PMID:23316410

  14. Endovascular treatment of spontaneous isolated abdominal aortic dissection

    PubMed Central

    Giribono, Anna Maria; Ferrara, Doriana; Spalla, Flavia; Narese, Donatella; Bracale, Umberto; Pecoraro, Felice; Bracale, Renata; del Guercio, Luca

    2016-01-01

    Isolated abdominal aortic dissection is a rare clinical disease representing only 1.3% of all dissections. There are a few case series reported in the literature. The causes of this pathology can be spontaneous, iatrogenic, or traumatic. Most patients are asymptomatic and symptoms are usually abdominal or back pain, while claudication and lower limb ischemia are rare. Surgical and endovascular treatment are two valid options with acceptable results. We herein describe nine cases of symptomatic spontaneous isolated abdominal aortic dissection, out of which four successfully were treated with an endovascular approach between July 2003 and July 2013. All patients were men, smokers, symptomatic (either abdominal or back pain or lower limb ischemia), with a history of high blood pressure, with a medical history negative for concomitant aneurysmatic dilatation or previous endovascular intervention. Diagnosis of isolated abdominal aortic dissection were established by contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the thoracic and abdominal aorta. All nine patients initially underwent medical treatment. In four symptomatic cases, non-responsive to medical therapy, bare-metal stents or stent grafts were successfully positioned. All patients completed a CTA follow-up of at least 12 months, during which they remained symptom-free. Endovascular management of this condition is associated with a high rate of technical success and a low mortality; therefore, it can be considered the treatment of choice when it is feasible. PMID:27994881

  15. New Developments in the Pathophysiology, Workup, and Diagnosis of Dural Venous Sinus Thrombosis (DVST) and a Systematic Review of Endovascular Treatments

    PubMed Central

    Konakondla, Sanjay; Schirmer, Clemens M.; Li, Fengwu; Geng, Xiaogun; Ding, Yuchuan

    2017-01-01

    Dural venous sinus thrombosis (DVST) is a rare cause of stroke, which typically affects young women. The importance of identifying pre-disposing factors that lead to venous stasis lies in the foundation of understanding the etiology, pathophysiology and clinical presentation. The precise therapeutic role of interventional therapies is not fully understood though the current data do suggest potential applications. The aim of the study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the utility of and short-term 30-day survival after endovascular therapy for patients with DVST. Standard PRISMA guidelines were followed. Data sources included PubMed keywords and phrases, which were also incorporated into a MeSH search to yield articles indexed in Medline over a 5-year period. All RCTs, observational cohort studies, and administrative registries comparing or reporting DVST were included. Sixty-six studies met inclusion criteria. 35 articles investigating treatment in a summation of 10,285 patients were eligible for data extraction and included in the review of treatment modalities. A total of 312 patients were included for statistical analysis. All patients included received endovascular intervention with direct thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy or both. 133 (42.6%) patients were documented to have a neurologic decline, which prompted endovascular intervention. All patients who had endovascular interventions were those who were started on and failed systemic anticoagulation. 44 patients were reported to have intracranial hemorrhages after intervention. Regardless of systemic anticoagulation, patients were still reported to have complications of VTE and PE. Primary outcome at 3-6 month follow up revealed mRS<1 in 224 patients. DVST presents with many diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The utility of invasive interventions such as local thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy is not fully understood. It is exceedingly difficult to conduct large

  16. Endovascular Treatment of Symptomatic Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease

    PubMed Central

    Short, Jody L.; Majid, Arshad; Hussain, Syed I.

    2011-01-01

    Symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) is responsible for approximately 10% of all ischemic strokes in the United States. The risk of recurrent stroke may be as high as 35% in patient with critical stenosis >70% in diameter narrowing. Recent advances in medical and endovascular therapy have placed ICAD at the forefront of clinical stroke research to optimize the best medical and endovascular approach to treat this important underlying stroke etiology. Analysis of symptomatic ICAD studies lead to the question that whether angioplasty and/or stenting is a safe, suitable, and efficacious therapeutic strategy in patients with critical stenoses that are deemed refractory to medical management. Most of the currently available data in support of angioplasty and/or stenting in high risk patients with severe symptomatic ICAD is in the form of case series and randomized trial results of endovascular therapy versus medical treatment are awaited. This is a comprehensive review of the state of the art in the endovascular approach with angioplasty and/or stenting of symptomatic ICAD. PMID:21359195

  17. Periprocedural complications in endovascular stroke treatment

    PubMed Central

    Yilmaz, Guliz

    2016-01-01

    Endovascular stroke treatment is a neurointerventional emergency where the main goal is the early recanalization of the occlusion within the critical time window, as safely as possible. Although the time window and rate of complications for endovascular stroke treatment differ with anterior and posterior circulation strokes, awareness of potential periprocedural complications is important, as they affect patient morbidity and mortality. Periprocedural complications are classified as haemorrhagic complications, procedure-/device-related, puncture site complications, and late-onset events including vascular stenosis. We present the digital subtraction angiography and CT imaging findings related to these complications in a study of 56 stroke patients, as they relate to previous findings in the literature. PMID:26529228

  18. Complications of endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Orrù, Emanuele; Roccatagliata, Luca; Cester, Giacomo; Causin, Francesco; Castellan, Lucio

    2013-10-01

    The number of neuroendovascular treatments of both ruptured and unruptured aneurysms has increased substantially in the last two decades. Complications of endovascular treatments of cerebral aneurysms are rare but can potentially lead to acute worsening of the neurological status, to new neurological deficits or death. Some of the possible complications, such as vascular access site complications or systemic side effects associated with contrast medium (e.g. contrast medium allergy, contrast induced nephropathy) can also be encountered in diagnostic angiography. The most common complications of endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms are related to acute thromboembolic events and perforation of the aneurysm. Overall, the reported rate of thromboembolic complications ranges between 4.7% and 12.5% while the rate of intraprocedural rupture of cerebral aneurysms is about 0.7% in patients with unruptured aneurysms and about 4.1% in patients with previously ruptured aneurysms. Thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications may occur during different phases of endovascular procedures and are related to different technical, clinical and anatomic reasons. A thorough knowledge of the different aspects of these complications can reduce the risk of their occurrence and minimize their clinical sequelae. A deep understanding of complications and of their management is thus part of the best standard of care.

  19. Endovascular Treatment Strategies in Aortoiliac Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Ozkan, Ugur Oguzkurt, Levent Tercan, Fahri Gumus, Burcak

    2009-05-15

    The aim of this study was to report our experience in endovascular treatment of total aortoiliac occlusion. Five patients who underwent endovascular recanalization procedures including manual aspiration thrombectomy, balloon angioplasty, and stent placement for total aortoiliac occlusion in a 4-year period were reviewed retrospectively. The mean age of patients was 51 years (range, 43 to 58 years). All patients had abdominal aorta and bilateral common iliac artery occlusion with or without external iliac artery occlusion. All patients either had a contraindication to surgery or refused it. Initial technical success was obtained in four of five (80%) patients. Endovascular techniques were successful in four patients who had good distal runoff and short-segment aortoiliac occlusion, but failed in a patient who had the worst distal runoff and long-segment aortoiliac occlusion. We observed two major complications, one of which was bilateral rupture of the common iliac arteries treated with covered stent placement. Another patient had extension of intra-aortic thrombus into the iliac stent after primary stenting. This was successfully treated with manual aspiration thrombectomy. Aortic and iliac stents remained patent during the follow-up period (median, 18 months; range, 3 to 26 months) in four patients. Primary patency rates at 6, 12, and 24 months were all 80%. In conclusion, endovascular treatment can be an alternative for aortoiliac occlusion in selected patients. Short- to midterm follow-up so far is satisfactory. Removal of intra-aortic thrombus with manual aspiration thrombectomy before balloon angioplasty and/or stenting is possible and a good alternative to thrombolysis.

  20. Emergency Endovascular Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Feasibility and Results

    SciTech Connect

    Lagana, Domenico Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Mangini, Monica; Fontana, Federico; Caronno, Roberto; Castelli, Patrizio; Cuffari, Salvatore; Fugazzola, Carlo

    2006-04-15

    Purpose. To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of emergency endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Methods. During 36 months we treated, on an emergency basis, 30 AAAs with endovascular exclusion. In 21 hemodynamically stable patients preoperative CT angiography (CTA) was performed to confirm the diagnosis and to plan the treatment; 9 patients with hemorrhagic shock were evaluated with angiography performed in the operating room. Twenty-two Excluder (Gore) and 8 Zenith (Cook) stent-grafts (25 bifurcated and 5 aorto-uni-iliac) were used. The follow-up was performed by CTA at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Results. Technical success was achieved in 100% of cases with a 10% mortality rate. The total complication rate was 23% (5 increases in serum creatinine level and 2 wound infections). During the follow-up, performed in 27 patients (1-36 months, mean 15.2 months), 4 secondary endoleaks (15%) (3 type II, 2 spontaneously thrombosed and 1 under observation, and 1 type III treated by iliac extender insertion) and 1 iliac leg occlusion (treated with femoro-femoral bypass) occurred. We observed a shrinkage of the aneurysmal sac in 8 of 27 cases and stability in 19 of 27 cases; we did not observe any endotension. Conclusions. Endovascular repair is a good option for emergency treatment of AAAs. The team's experience allows correct planning of the procedure in emergency situations also, with technical results comparable with elective repair. In our experience the bifurcated stent-graft is the device of choice in patients with suitable anatomy because the procedure is less time-consuming than aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafting with surgical crossover, allowing faster aneurysm exclusion. However, further studies are required to demonstrate the long-term efficacy of endovascular repair compared with surgical treatment.

  1. Endovascular treatment of the carotid stump syndrome.

    PubMed

    Nano, Giovanni; Dalainas, Ilias; Casana, Renato; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico G

    2006-01-01

    In patients with an occluded internal carotid artery, the carotid stump syndrome is a potential source of microemboli that pass through the ipsilateral external carotid artery and the ophthalmic artery to the territory of the middle cerebral artery. Thus, the syndrome is associated with carotid territory symptoms although the internal carotid artery is occluded. Surgical exclusion of the internal carotid artery associated with endarterectomy of the external carotid artery has been described as the gold standard of treatment by many authors. This report is the second case, to our knowledge, of endovascular treatment of the carotid stump syndrome with the use of a stent-graft.

  2. [Endovascular stroke treatment following recent positive clinical trials].

    PubMed

    Thomalla, G; Fiehler, J

    2016-04-01

    Recently, five independent randomized controlled clinical trials demonstrated the efficacy and safety of endovascular stroke treatment in stroke patients with occlusion of proximal intracranial arteries. The five trials MR CLEAN, ESCAPE, EXTEND-IA, SWIFT-PRIME and REVASCAT randomized a total of 1287 stroke patients to either standard treatment, which in the majority of patients consisted of intravenous thrombolysis within 4.5 h of symptom onset or additional endovascular stroke treatment. In all the studies endovascular treatment resulted in a better clinical outcome with an odds ratio for a better clinical outcome 90 days after stroke ranging between 1.7 and 3.1 and an absolute increase in the proportion of patients with functionally independent outcome between 14% and 31%. The overwhelming benefit of endovascular treatment mainly results from mechanical thrombectomy using stent retriever devices and starting endovascular treatment within 6 h of symptom onset in stroke patients.

  3. [Endovascular treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms].

    PubMed

    Bracard, S; Derelle, A L; Tonnelet, R; Barbier, C; Proust, F; Anxionnat, R

    2016-02-01

    Giant aneurysms are defined as having a maximal diameter higher than 25mm. The dynamic aspect of giant aneurysms, in particular, is its growth, which was responsible for parenchyma sequellae either due to haemorrhagic complications or a compression of cranial nerves. The treatment of these giant aneurysms was challenging because of its size, the mass effect and the neck diameter. These morphologic conditions required complex endovascular procedures such as remodelling, stenting, using flow diverters. Subsequently, the complex procedures increased the risk of morbidity because of ischemic complications. Despite these procedures, the risk of recurrence was high.

  4. Endovascular treatment of primary hepatic tumours

    PubMed Central

    Popiel, M; Gulie, L; Turculeţ, C; Beuran, M

    2008-01-01

    First transcatheter embolization of hepatic artery has been materializing in 1974, in France, for unresectable hepatic tumours. Then, this treatment has become use enough in many countries, especially in Japan, where primary hepatic tumours are very frequent. In this article, we present procedures of interventional endovascular treatment for primary hepatic tumours: chemoembolization, intra–arterial chemotherapy. The study comprises patients with primary hepatic tumours investigated by hepatic–ultrasound and contrast–enhanced CT or MRI. DSA–hepatic angiography is very important to verify the accessory hepatic supply. It has been performed selective catheterization of right/left hepatic branches followed by cytostatics injection. Most of the patients have benefit by hepatic chemoembolization (cytostatics, Lipiodol and embolic materials). The selective intra–arterial chemotherapy (cytostatics without Lipiodol) was performing in cases with contraindications for Lipiodol or embolic materials injection (cirrhosis–Child C, thrombosis of portal vein, hepatic insufficiency). For treatment of primary hepatic tumours we use 5–F–Uracil, Farmarubicin and Mytomicin C. Less numbers of the reservoirs were placed because financial causes. Chemoembolization was better than procedures without Lipiodol or embolic materials. Lipiodol reached in tumoural tissue and the distribution of Lipiodol harmonises with degree of vascularisation. After the chemoembolization procedure, the diameter of tumours decreased gradually depending on the size of tumour. Effective alternative for unresectable primary hepatic tumours (big size, hepatic dysfunction, and other surgical risk factors) is endovascular interventional treatment. PMID:20108517

  5. Microsurgical Clipping of Intracranial Aneurysms Following Unsuccessful Endovascular Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Yu, J.-L.; Xu, K.; Wang, H.-L.; Wang, B.; Luo, Q.

    2010-01-01

    Summary The purpose of the current study was to examine the reasons for failed endovascular aneurysm coiling and to determine the outcome of immediate microsurgical clipping. From July 2006 to July 2008, 198 patients underwent endovascular coiling at our institute; among them, ten cases were unsuccessful. All of the patients were diagnosed with intracranial aneurysms (ICAs) by cranial computed tomography angiography (CTA), and all underwent endovascular treatment without digital subtraction angiography (DSA). When endovascular coiling failed, the patients were immediately transferred to the operating room for microsurgical clipping under the same anesthetic. The ten patients were divided into three groups based on the cause of endovascular failure and associated clinical features. The clinical follow-up period was between 6-12 months, and all 10 patients had good outcomes following the surgery. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that immediate microsurgical clipping after failed endovascular coiling is efficient and may provide improved outcomes by preventing rebleeding. PMID:20377976

  6. Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Pericallosal Artery Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Ko, Jun Kyeung; Kim, Hwan Soo; Choi, Hyuk Jin; Lee, Tae Hong; Yun, Eun Young

    2015-01-01

    Objective Aneurysms arising from the pericallosal artery (PA) are uncommon and challenging to treat. The aim of this study was to report our experiences of the endovascular treatment of ruptured PA aneurysms. Methods From September 2003 to December 2013, 30 ruptured PA aneurysms in 30 patients were treated at our institution via an endovascular approach. Procedural data, clinical and angiographic results were retrospectively reviewed. Results Regarding immediate angiographic control, complete occlusion was achieved in 21 (70.0%) patients and near-complete occlusion in 9 (30.0%). Eight procedure-related complications occurred, including intraprocedural rupture and early rebleeding in three each, and thromboembolic event in two. At last follow-up, 18 patients were independent with a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-2, and the other 12 were either dependent or had expired (mRS score, 3-6). Adjacent hematoma was found to be associated with an increased risk of poor clinical outcome. Seventeen of 23 surviving patients underwent follow-up conventional angiography (mean, 16.5 months). Results showed stable occlusion in 14 (82.4%), minor recanalization in two (11.8%), and major recanalization, which required recoiling, in one (5.9%). Conclusion Our experiences demonstrate that endovascular treatment for a ruptured PA aneurysms is both feasible and effective. However, periprocedural rebleedings were found to occur far more often (20.0%) than is generally suspected and to be associated with preoperative contrast retention. Analysis showed existing adjacent hematoma is predictive of a poor clinical outcome. PMID:26539261

  7. Endovascular and Surgical Treatment of Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: Assessment of Post-treatment Clinical Outcome

    PubMed Central

    ZOGOPOULOS, Panagiotis; NAKAMURA, Hajime; OZAKI, Tomohiko; ASAI, Katsunori; IMA, Hiroyuki; KIDANI, Tomoki; KADONO, Yoshinori; MURAKAMI, Tomoaki; FUJINAKA, Toshiyuki; YOSHIMINE, Toshiki

    2016-01-01

    Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are the most commonly encountered vascular malformation of the spinal cord and a treatable cause of progressive para- or tetraplegia. It is an elusive pathology that tends to be under-diagnosed, due to lack of awareness among clinicians, and affects males more commonly than females, typically between the fifth and eighth decades. Early diagnosis and treatment may significantly improve outcome and prevent permanent disability and even mortality. The purpose of our retrospective, single-center study was to determine the long-term clinical and radiographic outcome of patients who have received endovascular or surgical treatment of a spinal DAVF. In particular, during a 6-year period (2009–2014) 14 patients with a spinal DAVF were treated at our department either surgically (n = 4) or endovascularly (n = 10) with detachable coils and/or glue. There was no recurrence in the follow-up period (mean: 36 months, range 3–60 months) after complete occlusion with the endovascular treatment (n = 9; 90%), while only one patient (10%) had residual flow both post-treatment and at 3-month follow-up. All four surgically treated patients (100%) had no signs of residual DAVF on follow-up magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and/or angiography (mean follow-up period of 9 months). Since improvement or stabilization of symptoms may be seen even in patients with delayed diagnosis and substantial neurological deficits, either endovascular or surgical treatment is always justified. PMID:26466887

  8. [Endovascular treatment of descending thoracic aorta aneurysm].

    PubMed

    Mertens, Renato; Valdés, Francisco; Krämer, Albrecht; Mariné, Leopoldo; Irarrázaval, Manuel; Morán, Sergio; Zalaquet, Ricardo; Schwartz, Eitan; Vergara, Jeannette; Valdebenito, Magaly

    2003-06-01

    The natural history of aneurysms ends in rupture and death. In 1990 the first endovascular exclusion of an aneurysm, using an endoluminal graft implanted through the femoral arteries was performed. More recently, the same procedure has been used for aneurysms of the thoracic aorta. To report our experience with endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta aneurysms. Analysis of 14 patients (nine male), aged 30 to 79 years, treated between May 2001 and August 2002. The mean diameter of the aneurysms was 6.9 cm. The etiology was atherosclerotic in nine patients. The Excluder device (Gore) was preferentially used. There was no operative mortality or paraplegia. One patient had a transient leg monoparesis that reverted completely. No patient had type I endoleaks. Two patients had type II endoleaks on discharge, that sealed spontaneously. In a follow up, ranging from 2 to 17 months, one patient died of a bronchopneumonia and no aneurysm rupture has been detected. The short term results of endoluminal treatment of thoracic aorta aneurysms are excellent. This treatment is less invasive and has less complications than conventional surgery.

  9. Current status of endovascular stroke treatment.

    PubMed

    Meyers, Philip M; Schumacher, H Christian; Connolly, E Sander; Heyer, Eric J; Gray, William A; Higashida, Randall T

    2011-06-07

    The management of acute ischemic stroke is rapidly developing.Although acute ischemic stroke is a major cause of adult disability and death, the number of patients requiring emergency endovascular intervention remains unknown, but is a fraction of the overall stroke population. Public health initiatives endeavor to raise public awareness about acute stroke to improve triage for emergency treatment, and the medical community is working to develop stroke services at community and academic medical centers throughout the United States. There is an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education–approved pathway for training in endovascular surgical neuroradiology, the specialty designed to train physicians specifically to treat cerebrovascular diseases. Primary and comprehensive stroke center designations have been defined, yet questions remain about the best delivery model. Telemedicine is available to help community medical centers cope with the complexity of stroke triage and treatment. Should comprehensive care be provided at every community center, or should patients with complex medical needs be triaged to major stroke centers with high-level surgical,intensive care, and endovascular capabilities? Although the answers to these and other questions about stroke care delivery remain unanswered owing to the paucity of empirical data, we are convinced that stroke care regionalization is crucial for delivery of high-quality comprehensive ischemic stroke treatment. A stroke team available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week requires specialty skills in stroke neurology, endovascular surgical neuroradiology, neurosurgery, neurointensive care, anesthesiology, nursing, and technical support for optimal success. Several physician groups with divergent training backgrounds (i.e., interventional neuroradiology, neurosurgery,neurology, peripheral interventional radiology, and cardiology) lay claim to the treatment of stroke patients,particularly the endovascular or

  10. [Endovascular and surgical associated treatment of post-traumatic epistaxis].

    PubMed

    Rydzewski, Bogdan; Juszkat, Robert; Matusiak, Monika; Zarzecka, Małgorzata Anna

    2008-01-01

    We report on two cases of patients, in whom endovascular embolization of the maxillary artery and next surgical ligation of the anterior ethmoidal artery was performed due to posttraumatic intracrable epistaxis. In those patients, conservative treatment failed, hence endovascular embolization was made. Due to persisted bleeding, right anterior ethmoidal artery were surgically ligated in both patients. After the procedures, bleeding completely stopped.

  11. Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Buck, Dominique B.; van Herwaarden, Joost A.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.; Moll, Frans L.

    2014-01-01

    Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are usually treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), which has become the standard of care in many hospitals for patients with suitable anatomy. Clinical evidence indicates that EVAR is associated with superior perioperative outcomes and similar long-term survival compared with open repair. Since the randomized, controlled trials that provided this evidence were conducted, however, the stent graft technology for infrarenal AAA has been further developed. Improvements include profile downsizing, optimization of sealing and fixation, and the use of low porosity fabrics. In addition, imaging techniques have improved, enabling better preoperative planning, stent graft placement, and postoperative surveillance. Also in the past few years, fenestrated and branched stent grafts have increasingly been used to manage anatomically challenging aneurysms, and experiments with off-label use of stent grafts have been performed to treat patients deemed unfit or unsuitable for other treatment strategies. Overall, the indications for endovascular management of AAA are expanding to include increasingly complex and anatomically challenging aneurysms. Ongoing studies and optimization of imaging, in addition to technological refinement of stent grafts, will hopefully continue to broaden the utilization of EVAR. PMID:24343568

  12. Endovascular treatment of hemodialysis access pseudoaneurysms.

    PubMed

    Shah, Aamir S; Valdes, Jaime; Charlton-Ouw, Kristofer M; Chen, Zhongxue; Coogan, Sheila M; Amer, Hammad M; Estrera, Anthony L; Safi, Hazim J; Azizzadeh, Ali

    2012-04-01

    Pseudoaneurysm (PSA) formation is a complication of hemodialysis access. Open repair requires PSA resection, interposition graft placement, and insertion of a catheter as a bridge. Endovascular stent graft repair is an alternative that permits immediate use of the access site. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of stent grafts for repair of arteriovenous fistula and arteriovenous graft PSA. A retrospective review of medical records from October 2007 to March 2011 revealed 24 patients with a PSA who underwent endovascular repair using a stent graft. Indications for repair included PSA with symptoms (n = 11), PSA with skin erosion (n = 8), PSA with failed hemodialysis (n = 3), and PSA after balloon angioplasty of a stenosis (n = 2). Outcome measures were technical success, 30-day and 180-day patency, secondary interventions, and complications. All the statistical analyses were conducted by using software SAS 9.1 (SAS, SAS Institute, Gary, NC). Twenty-seven self-expanding stent grafts (Viabahn, W. L. Gore, n = 25; Fluency, Bard, n = 2) were used to treat hemodialysis access (arteriovenous graft, n = 13; arteriovenous fistula, n = 11) PSA in 24 patients (16 females; mean age, 55.7 years; mean body mass index, 28.4; mean PSA diameter, 19.5 mm). Comorbidities included hypertension (n = 22; 91.7%), diabetes mellitus (n = 8; 33.3%), and coronary artery disease (n = 4; 16.67%). The median time from access creation to repair was 455 days. The technical success rate was 100%. Balloon angioplasty of an outflow stenosis was performed in 56% of stent grafts. The 30- and 180-day patency rate was 100% and 69.2%, respectively. Three secondary interventions were performed for treatment of unrelated stenosis. Treatment failure occurred in five (18.5%) stent grafts due to infection (n = 3) and thrombosis (n = 2). Treatment of PSA with skin erosion was associated with failure due to infection (odds ratio, 5.0; 95% confidence interval, .38, 66.01). The remaining

  13. Endograft Collapse After Endovascular Treatment for Thoracic Aortic Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Bandorski, Dirk Brueck, Martin; Guenther, Hans-Ulrich; Manke, Christoph

    2010-06-15

    Endovascular treatment is an established therapy for thoracic aortic disease. Collapse of the endograft is a potentially fatal complication. We reviewed 16 patients with a thoracic endograft between 2001 and 2006. Medical records of the treated patients were studied. Data collected include age, gender, diagnosis, indication for endoluminal treatment, type of endograft, and time of follow up. All patients (n = 16; mean age, 61 years; range, 21-82 years) underwent computed tomography (CT) for location of the lesion and planning of the intervention. Time of follow-up with CT scan ranged from 1 to 61 months. Indications for endovascular treatment were degenerative aneurysm (n = 7; 44%), aortic dissection (n = 2; 12%), perforated aortic ulcer (n = 4; 25%), and traumatic aortic injury (n = 3; 19%). Three patients suffered from a collapse of the endograft (one patient distal, two patients proximal) between 3 and 8 days after endovascular treatment. These patients were younger (mean age, 37 {+-} 25 years vs. 67 {+-} 16 years; P < 0.05) and showed more oversizing (proximal, 36 {+-} 19.8% vs. 29 {+-} 20.7% [P > 0.05]; distal, 45 {+-} 23.5% vs. 38 {+-} 21.7% [P > 0.05]). Proximal collapse was corrected by placing a bare stent. In conclusion, risk factors for stent-graft collapse are a small lumen of the aorta and a small radius of the aortic arch curvature (young patients), as well as oversizing, which is an important risk factor and is described for different types of endografts and protheses (Gore TAG and Cook Zenith). Dilatation of the collapsed stent-graft is not sufficient. Following therapy implantation of a second stent or surgery is necessary in patients with a proximal endograft collapse. Distal endograft collapse can possibly be treated conservatively under close follow-up.

  14. Emergency Endovascular Treatment of Sac Rupture for Type IIIa Endoleak in Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Previously Excluded with Endovascular Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Carrafiello, Gianpaolo Mangini, Monica Bracchi, Elena Recaldini, Chiara; Cocozza, Eugenio; Piffaretti, Gabriele; Pellegrino, Carlo Lagana, Domenico Fugazzola, Carlo

    2010-08-15

    Elective endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic pathology has been applied in a variety of conditions. The complications of thoracic aortic stenting are also well recognized. Endoleak after endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms is the most frequent complication; among them, type III is the least frequent. Endovascular treatment of type III endoleak is generally performed under elective conditions; less frequently, in emergency. We report a successful emergency endovascular management of post-thoracic endovascular repair for thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture due to type IIIa endoleak.

  15. Acute Iliac Artery Rupture: Endovascular Treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Chatziioannou, A.; Mourikis, D.; Katsimilis, J.; Skiadas, V. Koutoulidis, V.; Katsenis, K.; Vlahos, L.

    2007-04-15

    The authors present 7 patients who suffered iliac artery rupture over a 2 year period. In 5 patients, the rupture was iatrogenic: 4 cases were secondary to balloon angioplasty for iliac artery stenosis and 1 occurred during coronary angioplasty. In the last 2 patients, the rupture was secondary to iliac artery mycotic aneurysm. Direct placement of a stent-graft was performed in all cases, which was dilated until extravasation was controlled. Placement of the stent-graft was successful in all the cases, without any complications. The techniques used, results, and mid-term follow-up are presented. In conclusion, endovascular placement of a stent-graft is a quick, minimally invasive, efficient, and safe method for emergency treatment of acute iliac artery rupture, with satisfactory short- and mid-term results.

  16. Endovascular treatment of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: personal experience.

    PubMed

    Pozzi Mucelli, F; Doddi, M; Bruni, S; Adovasio, R; Pancrazio, F; Cova, M

    2007-04-01

    This paper describes the different endovascular treatments (cuffs, endografts and embolisation) available for types I, II and III endoleaks occurring after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). From January 2000 to June 2006, 134 patients (118 men, 16 women; mean age 75.1 years) underwent EVAR. Ten patients (7%) developed significant endoleaks requiring endovascular treatment. Five endoleaks were type I, two were type II and three were type III. Of the five type I endoleaks, four were proximal and one was distal. The proximal endoleaks were treated by cuff deployment, whereas the distal endoleak was treated with a bifurcated graft. Of the two patients with type II endoleak, one was treated by translumbar puncture and coil embolisation, and the other was treated by superselective embolisation of the lumbar feeding vessel with nonresorbable particles. Of the three patients with type III endoleak, two were treated by deploying an aortouniiliac endograft inside the bifurcated graft and the other by implanting a cuff to restore continuity between the graft body and the contralateral limb. Endovascular treatment was successful in 6/10 cases, whereas three cases required surgical conversion. One patient did not undergo surgery owing to poor general condition. The reported incidence of endoleaks after EVAR is 10%-20%. Significant endoleaks should be treated promptly. Endovascular treatment can be done with different techniques, but success in not constant due to adverse anatomical conditions and technical difficulties.

  17. Endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous sinus fistula: A systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Korkmazer, Bora; Kocak, Burak; Tureci, Ercan; Islak, Civan; Kocer, Naci; Kizilkilic, Osman

    2013-01-01

    Carotid cavernous sinus fistulas are abnormal communications between the carotid system and the cavernous sinus. Several classification schemes have described carotid cavernous sinus fistulas according to etiology, hemodynamic features, or the angiographic arterial architecture. Increased pressure within the cavernous sinus appears to be the main factor in pathophysiology. The clinical features are related to size, exact location, and duration of the fistula, adequacy and route of venous drainage and the presence of arterial/venous collaterals. Noninvasive imaging (computed tomography, magnetic resonance, computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, Doppler) is often used in the initial work-up of a possible carotid cavernous sinus fistulas. Cerebral angiography is the gold standard for the definitive diagnosis, classification, and planning of treatment for these lesions. The endovascular approach has evolved as the mainstay therapy for definitive treatment in situations including clinical emergencies. Conservative treatment, surgery and radiosurgery constitute other management options for these lesions. PMID:23671750

  18. Endovascular Treatment of Femoropopliteal Aneurysms: A Five-Year Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Lagana, Domenico Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Mangini, Monica; Caronno, Roberto; Giorgianni, Andrea; Lumia, Domenico; Castelli, Patrizio; Fugazzola, Carlo

    2006-10-15

    Purpose. To assess the effectiveness of endovascular treatment of femoropopliteal aneurysms (FPAs). Methods. In the last 5 years, we have treated 17 FPAs (diameter 21-75 cm, mean 38.4 cm; length 27-100 cm, mean 72.5 cm) in 15 patients (age 57-80 years, mean 70.9 years). The diagnosis was obtained by color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) and the procedure was planned by CT angiography (CTA) and preprocedural angiography. Eight FPAs were excluded with only one stent-graft; in 8 patients, two stent-grafts were positioned; and in 1 patient, three stent-grafts were used. In 14 cases we used a Wallgraft endoprosthesis, in 2 cases a Hemobahn, and in 1 case an Excluder contralateral leg. The patients were followed up with CDU and occasionally with CTA. Results. Immediate technical success was obtained in 17 of 17 cases (100%). One patient died during the first year. During a mean follow-up of 26.9 months (range 3-60 months) we observed 6 of 16 (38%) stent-graft occlusions (3 of which were recanalized with locoregional thrombolysis and 3 with mechanical thrombectomy). Two stent-grafts were patent at 12 and 24 months. Four patients experienced subsequent occlusions and recanalizations until corrected by surgical bypass (1 at 14 months, 2 at 18 months, and 1 at 36 months). Therefore the primary patency was 63% and assisted patency was 73%. Conclusion. The endovascular approach is a minimally invasive treatment option for FPAs. Moreover endovascular stent-grafting does not necessarily preclude conventional surgical repair, but it can delay it. Longer follow-up will be needed to determine the long-term patency rate.

  19. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment for Hepatic Artery Stenosis after Liver Transplantation: The Role of Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Vidjak, Vinko; Novačić, Karlo; Matijević, Filip; Kavur, Lovro; Slavica, Marko; Mrzljak, Anna; Filipec-Kanižaj, Tajana; Leder, Nikola Ivan; Škegro, Dinko

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background To retrospectively analyze the outcomes of interventional radiology treatment of patients with hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after liver transplantation at our Institution. Material/Methods Hepatic artery stenosis was diagnosed and treated by endovascular technique in 8 (2.8%) patients, who underwent liver transplantation between July 2007 and July 2011. Patients entered the follow-up period, during which we analyzed hepatic artery patency with Doppler ultrasound at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after percutaneous endovascular treatment (PTA), and every six months thereafter. Results During the 12-month follow-up period, 6 out of 8 patients (75%) were asymptomatic with patent hepatic artery, which was confirmed by multislice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography, or color Doppler (CD) ultrasound. One patient had a fatal outcome of unknown cause, and one patient underwent orthotopic liver retransplantation (re-OLT) procedure due to graft failure. Conclusions Our results suggest that HAS angioplasty and stenting are minimally invasive and safe endovascular procedures that represent a good alternative to open surgery, with good 12-month follow-up patency results comparable to surgery. PMID:26150902

  20. Endovascular treatment of chronic arterial mesenteric ischemia: a changing perspective?

    PubMed

    Gibbons, C P; Roberts, D E

    2010-03-01

    Endovascular treatment for chronic mesenteric ischemia is growing in popularity because of its lower periprocedural morbidity and mortality than open surgery. It is especially suitable for the high-risk surgical candidate and for those who have a poor nutritional state, although endovascular surgery may not be possible in patients with ostial occlusions or heavily calcified vessels. A positive response to angioplasty is helpful to secure a diagnosis in patients with slightly atypical symptoms. There are little data at present to suggest that primary stenting is better than angioplasty alone, but insertion of a stent may be valuable as a rescue procedure following dissection, vascular recoil, or thrombosis during angioplasty. The superior mesenteric artery is probably the most important vessel to treat but, where this is impossible, celiac or inferior mesenteric artery dilatation may have therapeutic benefit. However, there is some evidence at present favoring multiple, as opposed to single-vessel, angioplasty or stenting. Long-term patency is better after mesenteric bypass, which may be preferred in the younger and fitter patient. Treatment of the celiac artery compression syndrome is primarily surgical, but stent insertion may have a role as a secondary procedure where there is a residual stenosis after median arcuate ligament division.

  1. Three-dimensional computed tomography image based endovascular treatment for hepatic vein.

    PubMed

    Ninomiya, Mizuki; Ikeda, Tetsuo; Shirabe, Ken; Kayashima, Hiroto; Harimoto, Norifumi; Iguchi, Tomohiro; Sugimachi, Keishi; Yamashita, Yo-Ichi; Ikegami, Toru; Saeki, Hiroshi; Oki, Eiji; Uchiyama, Hideaki; Yoshizumi, Tomoharu; Soejima, Yuji; Kawanaka, Hirofumi; Morita, Masaru; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2013-11-01

    Along with the expansion of living donor liver transplantation, whereby hepatic venous anastomosis is mandatory, the frequency of hepatic venous stenosis that need interventional treatment is increasing. Due to its anatomical features, there are several pitfalls in the process of endovascular intervention for hepatic vein. Insufficient information of and around the hepatic vein may lead to miss-diagnosis of target lesion. Simulation by using three-dimensional computed tomography images was useful in planning the direction of X-ray projection and, as a consequence, contributed to safe endovascular treatment for hepatic venous stenosis.

  2. Endovascular Treatment of Vertebro-Vertebral Arteriovenous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Briganti, F.; Tedeschi, E.; Leone, G.; Marseglia, M.; Cicala, D.; Giamundo, M.; Napoli, M.; Caranci, F.

    2013-01-01

    This report describes endovascular approaches for occlusion of vertebro-vertebral arteriovenous fistula (W-AVF) in a series of three cases and a review of the literature. Complete neuroimaging assessment, including CT, MR and DSA was performed in three patients (two female, one male) with W-AVF. Based on DSA findings, the W-AVF were occluded by endovascular positioning of detachable balloons (case 1), coils (case 2), or a combination of both (case 3) with parent artery patency in two out of three cases. In this small series, endovascular techniques for occlusion of W-AVF were safe and effective methods of treatment. To date, there are no guidelines on the best treatment for W-AVF. Detachable balloons, endovascular coiling, combined embolization procedures could all be considered well-tolerated treatments. PMID:23859293

  3. Endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Leslie-Mazwi, Thabele; Rabinov, James; Hirsch, Joshua A

    2016-01-01

    Endovascular thrombectomy is an effective treatment for major acute ischemic stroke syndromes caused by major anterior circulation artery occlusions (commonly referred to as large vessel occlusion) and is superior to intravenous thrombolysis and medical management. Treatment should occur as quickly as is reasonably possible. All patients with moderate to severe symptoms (National Institutes of Health stroke scale >8) and a treatable occlusion should be considered. The use of neuroimaging is critical to exclude hemorrhage and large ischemic cores. Very shortly after stroke onset (<3 hours) computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography provide sufficient information to proceed; diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is less reliable during this early stage. After 3 hours from onset diffusion MRI is the most reliable method to define ischemic core size and should be used in centers that can offer it rapidly. Recanalization is highly effective with a stentriever or using a direct aspiration technique, with the patient awake or under conscious sedation rather than general anesthesia, if it may be performed safely. After thrombectomy the patient should be admitted to an intensive care setting and inpatient rehabilitation undertaken as soon as feasible. Patient outcomes should be assessed at 3 months, preferably using the modified Rankin score. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Successful Endovascular Treatment of Iliac Vein Compression (May-Thurner) Syndrome in a Pediatric Patient

    SciTech Connect

    Oguzkurt, Levent Tercan, Fahri; Sener, Mesut

    2006-06-15

    A 10-year-old boy presented to our clinic with left lower extremity swelling present for 1 year with deterioration of symptoms during the prior month. Laboratory investigation for deep vein thrombosis was negative. Venography and computed tomography scan of the pelvis showed compression of the left common iliac vein by the right common iliac artery. A diagnosis of iliac vein compression syndrome was made. After venography, endovascular treatment was planned. The stenosis did not respond to balloon dilatation and a 12 mm Wallstent was placed with successful outcome. The patient's symptoms improved but did not resolve completely, probably due to a chronically occluded left superficial femoral vein that did not respond to endovascular recanalization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of successful endovascular treatment of iliac vein compression syndrome with stent placement in a pediatric patient.

  5. Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic fistulas.

    PubMed

    Léobon, Bertrand; Roux, Daniel; Mugniot, Antoine; Rousseau, Hervé; Cérene, Alain; Glock, Yves; Fournial, Gérard

    2002-07-01

    Aortoesophageal and aortobronchial fistulas constitute a problem in therapy because of the high rates of morbidity and mortality associated with operation. From May 1996 to March 2000, we treated by an endovascular procedure one aortoesophageal and three aortobronchial fistulas. There was no postoperative death. We noted one peripheral vascular complication that required a surgical procedure, one postoperative confusion, and one inflammatory syndrome. In one case, because of a persistent leakage after 21 months, we had to implant a second endovascular stent graft. A few weeks later the reopening of this patient's esophageal fistula led to his death by mediastinitis 25 months after the first procedure. The few cases published seem to bear out the interest, observed in our 4 patients, of an endovascular approach to treat complex lesions such as fistulas of the thoracic aorta especially in emergency or palliative cases.

  6. Spontaneous Intrahepatic Portal Venous Shunt: Presentation and Endovascular Treatment.

    PubMed

    Sheth, Nakul; Sabbah, Nathanael; Contractor, Sohail

    2016-07-01

    Spontaneous intrahepatic portal venous shunts are rare with only few case reports published. Treatments using various endovascular techniques have been described, although no single technique has been shown to be preferred. We present a patient who was referred for treatment of a spontaneous portal venous shunt and describe our treatment approach and present a review on previously reported cases.

  7. Multiple Intracranial Aneurysms: Endovascular Treatment and Complications

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Xun; Xu, Tao; Ding, Xuan; Wang, Wenlei; Liu, Zhi; Qin, Huaihai

    2014-01-01

    Summary This study evaluated the results of endovascular embolization of multiple intracranial aneurysms. A retrospective hospital chart and radiograph review were made of all patients with multiple intracranial aneurysms seen between March 2010 and January 2011. Ten patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage, four with mass effect, two with brain ischemia and twenty were incidental. These 36 patients harbored 84 aneurysms, 63 of which were treated with endovascular techniques, two by surgical clipping, and 19 were left untreated. Of the coil-treated lesions, a complete endovascular occlusion was achieved in 54 aneurysms (85.7%), and eight (12.7%) presented neck remnants with one (1.6%) stented only. Twenty-six patients (72.2%) underwent coil embolization of more than one aneurysm in the first session. Follow-up angiographic studies in 31 patients demonstrated an unchanged or improved result in 93.0% of the aneurysms (53 lesions) and coil compaction in 7.0% (four lesions). The overall clinical outcome was excellent in 33 patients (91.7%), good in one (2.8%) and fair in two (5.5%). Endovascular techniques may be a particularly suitable method for treating multiple intracranial aneurysms. PMID:25207907

  8. Endovascular treatment of true and false aneurysms in hemodialysis access.

    PubMed

    Hedin, U; Engström, J; Roy, J

    2015-08-01

    Formation of true and false aneurysms in vascular access for hemodialysis is a complication associated with an immediate or chronic threat to the patient, which jeopardizes access function for further dialysis. Although open surgical repair remains the established treatment of choice, during the last decade, endovascular procedures, largely utilizing stent grafts, have emerged as a viable option for treatment in emergencies as well as for elective cases. Here, basic concepts in vascular access aneurysm management are recapitulated and strategies for endovascular treatment of these complications discussed.

  9. Endovascular treatment of penetrating aortic ulcers: mid-term results.

    PubMed

    Dalainas, I; Nano, G; Medda, M; Bianchi, P; Casana, R; Ramponi, F; Stegher, S; Malacrida, G; Inglese, L; Tealdi, D G

    2007-07-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate mid-term results of endovascular treatment of penetrating aortic ulcers. Between February 2000 and November 2006, 18 consecutive patients underwent endovascular treatment of the descending thoracic aorta (N=16) and abdominal infrarenal aorta (N=2) for penetrating aortic ulcer, in a single University Hospital. Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. Mean follow-up was 41 months (range 4 to 77 months). Technical success was achieved in all patients. No perioperative deaths occurred. No conversion to open repair or secondary procedures were required. Two patients died in the follow-up period for reasons not related to penetrating aortic ulcers. One type II endoleak was observed. It was still present, unchanged, twelve months after the procedure. Endovascular treatment of penetrating aortic ulcers of the descending thoracic and infrarenal aorta were safe and effective in the mid-term in this small series of patients.

  10. Endovascular Treatment of a Renal Artery Branch Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Malacrida, G.; Dalainas, Ilias Medda, Massimo; Nano, Giovanni; Inglese, Luigi

    2007-02-15

    A 58-year-old woman was admitted to our institution because of a left renal artery branch saccular aneurysm with a 2 cm diameter. Due to a hostile abdomen and the infrarenal location, an endovascular approach was chosen. A Jostent Peripheral Stent-Graft was placed under angiographic control, excluding the aneurysm from the circulation. No peri- or postprocedural complications were observed. At 6 months follow-up, the endograft is patent, excluding the aneurysm. Endovascular treatment may represent an alternative to surgery, especially in the distal infraparenchymal location.

  11. Bronchial Aneurysms Mimicking Aortic Aneurysms: Endovascular Treatment in Two Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Vernhet, Helene; Bousquet, Claudine; Jean, Betty; Lesnik, Alvian; Durand, Gerard; Giron, Jacques; Senac, Jean Paul

    1999-05-15

    Bronchial artery dilatation and aneurysm formation is a potential complication of local inflammation, especially in bronchiectasis. When the bronchial artery has an ectopic origin from the inferior segment of the aortic arch, aneurysms may mimick aortic aneurysms. Despite this particular location, endovascular treatment is possible. We report two such aneurysms that were successfully embolized with steel coils.

  12. Intracranial pediatric aneurysms: endovascular treatment and its outcome.

    PubMed

    Saraf, Rashmi; Shrivastava, Manish; Siddhartha, Wuppalapati; Limaye, Uday

    2012-09-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the location, clinical presentation, and morphological characteristics of pediatric aneurysms and the safety, feasibility, and durability of endovascular treatment. The authors conducted a retrospective study of all cases involving patients 18 years old or younger who underwent endovascular treatment for pediatric aneurysms at their institution between July 1998 and July 2010. The clinical presentation, aneurysm location, endovascular management, and treatment outcome were studied. During the study period, 23 pediatric patients (mean age 13 years, range 2 months-18 years) were referred to the authors' department and underwent endovascular treatment for aneurysms. The aneurysms were saccular in 6 cases, dissecting in 4, infectious in 5, and giant partially thrombosed lesions in 8. Fourteen of the aneurysms were ruptured, and 9 were unruptured. Thirteen were in the anterior circulation and 10 in the posterior circulation. The most common location in the anterior circulation was the anterior communicating artery; in the posterior circulation, the most common location was the basilar artery. Saccular aneurysms were the most common type in the anterior circulation; and giant partially thrombosed and dissecting aneurysms were the most common types in the posterior circulation. Coil embolization was performed in 7 cases, parent vessel sacrifice in 10, flow reversal in 3, glue embolization in 2, and stent placement in 1. Immediate angiographic cure was seen in 21 (91%) of 23 patients. Complications occurred in 4 patients, 3 of whom eventually had a good outcome. No patient died. Overall, a favorable outcome was seen in 22 (96%) of 23 patients. Follow-up showed stable occlusion of aneurysms in 96% of the patients. Pediatric aneurysms are rare. Their clinical presentation varies from intracranial hemorrhage to mass effect. They may also be found incidentally. Among pediatric patients with aneurysms, giant aneurysms are relatively common

  13. Endovascular treatment of traumatic injuries of the vertebral artery.

    PubMed

    Herrera, D A; Vargas, S A; Dublin, A B

    2008-09-01

    There are a few reports regarding the treatment of traumatic vertebral arteriovenous fistulas and pseudoaneurysms. Our aim was to describe the clinical and angiographic results of endovascular therapy for traumatic injuries of the vertebral artery. The clinical and angiographic features of 18 traumatic injuries of the vertebral artery during an 8-year period were reviewed. There were 14 male (78%) and 4 female patients (22%). The average age was 28 years (range, 11-49 years). Of the 18 lesions of the vertebral artery, 17 (95%) were the result of penetrating trauma (gunshot or stab wound injury) and 1 (5%) was iatrogenic (jugular vein catheter). In 16 (89%) instances, the injury resulted in an arteriovenous fistula, and in the other 2 (11%), in a pseudoaneurysm. All patients were treated with an endovascular approach by using different techniques (balloon occlusion, coil embolization, and/or stent deployment). Endovascular therapy resulted in immediate lesion total occlusion in 16 (89%) patients. Delayed total occlusion was demonstrated angiographically during follow-up in the 2 remaining patients. Clinical improvement was documented in all patients, and there were no clinically symptomatic complications. In this small series, endovascular techniques were a safe and effective method of treatment and were not associated with significant morbidity or mortality.

  14. Endovascular Treatment of an Aortoiliac Tuberculous Pseudoaneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Villegas, Miguel O.; Mereles, Alberto Perez; Tamashiro, Gustavo A.; Dini, Andres E.; Mollon, Ana P.; De Candido, Laura V.; Zelaya, Denis A.; Soledispa-Suarez, Carlos I.; Denato, Sergio; Tamashiro, Alberto; Diaz, Jose A.

    2013-04-15

    We report a rare case of a tuberculous mycotic aortoiliac pseudoaneurysm treated with an endovascular procedure and follow-up of 36 months. The patient was a white 72-year-old man with pulmonary tuberculosis and a former smoker with hypertension, chronic renal failure, and dyslipidemia. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a left paravertebral cavity with fluid content and involvement of vertebrae L2-L4. After a surgical repair attempt, the patient was treated with the implant of a bifurcated endoprosthesis. Because it is unlikely that any center has extensive experience in the management of this rare manifestation of the disease, we reviewed the literature for similar cases.

  15. Endovascular Treatment of Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysms: Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Machado, Rui Manuel; Rego, Duarte Nuno Cunha; de Oliveira, Pedro Nuno Ferreira Pinto; de Almeida, Rui Manuel Gonçalves Fernandes

    2016-01-01

    Objective Internal iliac artery aneurysms (IIAA) are rare, representing only 0.3% of aortoiliac aneurysms. Its treatment with open surgery is complex and associated with high morbidity and mortality, which led to increasing application of endovascular solutions. In this study, we aimed to evaluate outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of IIAA in one institution. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all cases of IIAA treated with endovascular techniques between 2003 and 2014. Endpoints were morbidity, mortality, freedom from pelvic ischemic symptoms (buttock claudication, ischemic colitis, and spinal cord injury), and need for reintervention. Results There were 16 patients, 13 males and 3 females, with mean age of 75.1±7 years. A total of 20 IIAA (4 cases were bilateral), with mean diameter of 37.9 mm, were treated. EVAR was performed in 13 (81.3%) patients, with associated internal iliac artery's outflow occlusion in 2. Iliac branch device was used in one patient. Two patients underwent endovascular IIAA embolization alone. One patient underwent percutaneous, transgluteal, IIAA embolization. IIAA flow preservation in at least one internal iliac artery was possible in 9 (56.3%) patients. Early mortality was 7% (1 case). Early morbidity was 18.8%. Pelvic ischemic complications occurred in 1 (7%) patient with buttock claudication. Late reintervention was needed in 3 patients, none of them for IIAA related complications. Conclusion Endovascular treatment of IIAA is technically feasible and durable. Although overall morbidity is relatively high, major complications are infrequent and perioperative mortality is low. internal iliac artery flow preservation is technically challenging and, in a significant number of cases, not possible at all. PMID:27556311

  16. Midterm experience with the endovascular treatment of isolated iliac aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Casana, R; Nano, G; Dalainas, I; Stegher, S; Bianchi, P; Tealdi, D G

    2003-03-01

    The aim of this retrospective, single institution study was to describe our 4-year experience with the endovascular repair of isolated iliac artery aneurysms. Between May 1997 and June 2001, 16 patients (15 males; mean age 64+/-9 years), were treated with covered stent grafts. Twelve of the endovascular procedures were performed under epidural and 4 under local anaesthesia. The percutaneous approach was employed in 13 cases and the femoral artery had to be exposed in 3 cases that demanded simultaneous revascularization of the peripheral circulation (n=2) or required a 16 F sheath to employ a Baxter Lifepath stent graft (n=1). The mean size of the iliac aneurysms was 4.5 cm (range 3.5 to 5.2 cm). Four aneurysms involved the hypogastric ostium in absence of any distal neck. All the patients underwent initially successful endovascular treatment of isolated iliac aneurysms and were followed from 3 to 52 months (mean 18 months). No procedural deaths and no acute or late graft thrombosis occurred. The perioperative complications included 1 dissection of the external iliac artery that required a further endovacular procedure and 1 case of endovascular leak fed to the hypogastric artery. A CT scan 4 months later showed spontaneous thrombosis of aneurysm and no further leakage. Two patients had undergone combinated femoro-popliteal arterial bypass. In our early clinical experience the use of self-expandable covered stent graft successful treated isolated iliac artery aneurysms. Endovascular repair is a safe and effective technique with good midterm results in patients at standard and high risk.

  17. Endovascular treatment of acute type B dissection complicating aortic coarctation.

    PubMed

    Kassaian, Seyed Ebrahim; Abbasi, Kyomars; Mousavi, Mehdi; Sahebjam, Mohammad

    2013-01-01

    Surgical treatment poses a high risk to patients with concomitant aortic coarctation and dissection, and an interventional approach could be an alternative. We describe the case of a 52-year-old man with a long history of untreated hypertension and aortic coarctation who emergently presented at our institution with an acute Stanford type B dissection. The patient's elevated serum creatinine level, perfusion deficit in the right lower limb, and hypertension did not respond to medical therapy, and he did not consent to surgery. By endovascular means, we used a self-expandable stent-graft to cover the entry point of the dissection; then, we deployed a balloon-expandable bare-metal stent to correct residual stenosis. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the endovascular treatment of aortic coarctation complicated by type B dissection.

  18. Endovascular Treatment of Basilar Artery Aneurysms Associated with Distal Fenestration

    PubMed Central

    Juszkat, R.; Nowak, S.; Moskal, J.; Kociemba, W.; Zarzecka, A.

    2009-01-01

    Summary Segmental non-fusion of the basilar artery results from failed fusion of the neural arteries and from regression of the bridging arteries that connect the longitudinal arteries. This condition is associated with aneurysm formation in 7% of cases. Distally unfused arteries with associated aneurysms are very rare. We report on a case of successful endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the distally unfused basilar trunk. PMID:20465939

  19. Carotid Stump Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Endovascular Treatment Options

    SciTech Connect

    Lakshminarayan, Raghuram; Scott, Paul M.; Robinson, Graham J.; Ettles, Duncan F.

    2011-02-15

    Carotid stump syndrome is one of the recognised causes of recurrent ipsilateral cerebrovascular events after occlusion of the internal carotid artery. It is believed that microemboli arising from the stump of the occluded internal carotid artery or the ipsilateral external carotid artery can pass into the middle cerebral artery circulation as a result of patent external carotid-internal carotid anastomotic channels. Different pathophysiologic causes of this syndrome and endovascular options for treatment are discussed.

  20. Management of Splenic Artery Aneurysms and False Aneurysms with Endovascular Treatment in 12 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Guillon, R.; Garcier, J.M.; Abergel, A.; Mofid, R.; Garcia, V.; Chahid, T.; Ravel, A.; Pezet, D.; Boyer, L.

    2003-06-15

    Purpose: To assess the endovascular treatment of splenic artery aneurysms and false aneurysms. Methods: Twelve patients (mean age 59 years, range 47-75 years) with splenic artery aneurysm (n = 10) or false aneurysm (n = 2) were treated. The lesion was asymptomatic in 11 patients; hemobilia was observed in one patient. The lesion was juxta-ostial in one case, located on the intermediate segment of the splenic artery in four, near the splenic hilus in six,and affected the whole length of the artery in one patient. In 10 cases, the maximum lesion diameter was greater than 2 cm; in one case 30% growth of an aneurysm 18 mm in diameter had occurred in 6 months;in the last case, two distal aneurysms were associated (17 and 18 mm in diameter). In one case, stent-grafting was attempted; one detachable balloon occlusion was performed; the 10 other patients were treated with coils. Results: Endovascular treatment was possible in 11 patients (92%) (one failure: stenting attempt). In four cases among 11, the initial treatment was not successful (residual perfusion of aneurysm); surgical treatment was carried out in one case, and a second embolization in two. Thus in nine cases (75%) endovascular treatment was successful: complete and persistent exclusion of the aneurysm but with spleen perfusion persisting at the end of follow-upon CT scans (mean 13 months). An early and transient elevation of pancreatic enzymes was observed in four cases. Conclusion: Ultrasound and CT have made the diagnosis of splenic artery aneurysm or false aneurysm more frequent. Endovascular treatment, the morbidity of which is low, is effective and spares the spleen.

  1. Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Iliac Aneurysm Previously Treated by Endovascular Means

    SciTech Connect

    Dalainas, Ilias Nano, Giovanni; Stegher, Silvia; Bianchi, Paolo; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico G.

    2008-03-15

    A patient with a ruptured iliac aneurysm was admitted to the Emergency Department in hypovolemic shock. He had previously undergone surgical treatment for an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, which was managed with a terminal-terminal Dacron tube graft. Subsequently, he developed two iliac aneurysms, which were treated endovascularly with two wall-grafts in the right and one wall-graft in the left iliac arteries. He suffered chronic renal failure and arterial hypertension. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed rupture of the right iliac aneurysm and dislocation of the two wall-grafts. He was treated in an emergency situation with the implantation of an iliac endograft that bridged the two wall-grafts, which resulted in hemostasis and stabilization of his condition. Five days later, in an elective surgical situation, he was treated with the implantation of an aorto-uni-iliac endograft combined with a femoral-femoral bypass. He was discharged 5 days later in good condition. At the 4 year follow-up visit, the endoprosthesis remained in place with no evidence of an endoleak. In conclusion, overlapping of endografts should be avoided, if possible. Strict surveillance of the endovascularly treated patient remains mandatory.

  2. [Acute traumatic transection of the thoracic aorta: endovascular treatment].

    PubMed

    Sepúlveda, Nelson; Mertens, Renato; Valdés, Francisco; Krämer, Albrecht; Mariné, Leopoldo; Zalaquett, Ricardo; Geni, Ricardo; Aguilera, Hernán; Heiremans, Guy; Vergara, Jeannette; Valdebenito, Magaly

    2003-03-01

    Traumatic rupture of the aorta has a near 80% mortality. Most patients die on the site of the accident. Conventional surgical repair of these lesions has a high morbidity and mortality, generally associated to the severity of associated lesions. Over the last decade, endovascular treatment has become an effective therapeutic alternative. We report a 40 years old male, that suffered a traumatic rupture of the descending thoracic aorta in a car accident. A successful endovascular repair was performed, installing an endoprothesis on the site of the lesion, using a femoral artery approach. The patient had a good postoperative evolution and was discharged from the hospital once complete rehabilitation of his associated lesions was obtained.

  3. Endovascular treatment strategies for supra-aortic arterial occlusive disease.

    PubMed

    Peeters, P; Verbist, J; Deloose, K; Bosiers, M

    2005-06-01

    Because of the focal nature of stenoses or occlusions in the supra-aortic vasculature, the high blood-pressures in this area and the very low morbidity rates related to percutaneous therapy have largely replaced surgical revascularization as the initial treatment of choice for patients with supra-aortic arterial occlusive disease. The initial technical success and durability of percutaneous angioplasty (PTA) and stenting in these lesions is excellent. Nevertheless several factors can make PTA and stenting a complex procedure that requires advanced endovascular skills for a successful outcome. Profound knowledge of surgical reconstruction techniques or extra-anatomic bypasses remains mandatory, as it is occasionally required for failure of endovascular techniques or if contraindications exist.

  4. Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aortocaval Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Guzzardi, Giuseppe Fossaceca, Rita; Divenuto, Ignazio; Musiani, Antonello; Brustia, Piero; Carriero, Alessandro

    2010-08-15

    Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We report the endovascular repair of an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute hypotension. She presented with a pulsatile abdominal mass and became rapidly anuric. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. The features of the AAA made it suitable for endovascular repair. To prevent pulmonary embolism caused by the presence of sac thrombosis near the vena cava lumen, a temporary vena cava filter was deployed before the procedure. A bifurcated stent-graft was placed with the patient under local anaesthesia, and the AAA was successfully treated. A transient type II endoleak was detected on CT 3 days after endograft placement. At routine follow-up 6 and 12 months after the procedure, the patient was in good clinical condition, and the type II endoleak had sealed completely. Endovascular treatment offers an attractive therapeutic alternative to open repair in case of ACF; however, only small numbers of patients have been treated, and long-term follow-up interval is lacking.

  5. Angiographic and Clinical Result of Endovascular Treatment in Paraclinoid Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Wi Hyun; Kim, Sung Tae; Seo, Jung Hwa

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to analyze the results of an immediate and mid-term angiographic and clinical follow-up of endovascular treatment for paraclinoid aneurysms. Materials and Methods From January 2002 to December 2012, a total of 113 consecutive patients (mean age: 56.2 years) with 116 paraclinoid saccular aneurysms (ruptured or unruptured) were treated with endovascular coiling procedures. Clinical and angiographic outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. Results Ninety-three patients (82.3%) were female. The mean size of the aneurysm was 5.5 mm, and 101 aneurysms (87.1%) had a wide neck. Immediate catheter angiography showed complete occlusion in 40 aneurysms (34.5%), remnant sac in 51 (43.9%), and remnant neck in 25 (21.6%). Follow-up angiographic studies were performed on 80 aneurysms (69%) at a mean period of 20.4 months. Compared with immediate angiographic results, follow-up angiograms showed no change in 38 aneurysms, improvement in 37 (Fig. 2), and recanalization in 5. There were 6 procedure-related complications (5.2%), with permanent morbidity in one patient. Conclusion Out study suggests that properly selected patients with paraclinoid aneurysms can be successfully treated by endovascular means. PMID:25426303

  6. Endovascular Treatment of Proximal Bilateral Iliac Limb Dislocation and Kinking following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Alerci, Mario; Wyttenbach, Rolf Bogen, Marcel; Segesser, Ludwig K. von; Gallino, Augusto; Inglese, Luigi

    2005-05-15

    We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a late type 1b endoleak due to proximal migration of both iliac limbs 5 years after endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The endovascular method used to correct bilaterally this condition is described. Final angiographic control shows patency of the stent-graft without signs of endoleak.

  7. Endovascular Treatment of Epistaxis: Indications, Management, and Outcome

    SciTech Connect

    Strach, Katharina; Schroeck, Andreas; Wilhelm, Kai; Greschus, Susanne; Tschampa, Henriette; Moehlenbruch, Markus; Naehle, Claas P.; Jakob, Mark; Gerstner, Andreas O. H.; Bootz, Friedrich; Schild, Hans H.; Urbach, Horst

    2011-12-15

    Objective: Epistaxis is a common clinical problem, and the majority of bleedings can be managed conservatively. However, due to extensive and sometimes life-threatening bleeding, further treatment, such as superselective embolization, may be required. We report our experience with endovascular treatment of life-threatening epistaxis. Methods: All patients presenting with excessive epistaxis, which received endovascular treatment at a German tertiary care facility between January 2001 and December 2009, were retrospectively identified. Demographic data, etiology, origin and clinical relevance of bleeding, interventional approach, therapy-associated complications, and outcome were assessed. Results: A total of 48 patients required 53 embolizations. Depending on the etiology of bleeding, patients were assigned to three groups: 1) idiopathic epistaxis (31/48), 2) traumatic or iatrogenic epistaxis (12/48), and 3) hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) (5/48). Eleven of 48 patients required blood transfusions, and 9 of these 11 patients (82%) were termed clinically unstable. The sphenopalatine artery was embolized unilaterally in 10 of 53 (18.9%) and bilaterally in 41 of 53 (77.4%) procedures. During the same procedure, additional vessels were embolized in three patients (3/53; 5.7%). In 2 of 53(3.8%) cases, the internal carotid artery (ICA) was occluded. Long-term success rates of embolization were 29 of 31 (93.5%) for group 1 and 11 of 12 (91.7%) for group 2 patients. Embolization of patients with HHT offered at least a temporary relief in three of five (60%) cases. Two major complications (necrosis of nasal tip and transient hemiparesis) occurred after embolization. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment proves to be effective for prolonged and life-threatening epistaxis. It is easily repeatable if the first procedure is not successful and offers a good risk-benefit profile.

  8. The role of endovascular treatment in unruptured basilar tip aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Ge, Huijian; Lv, Xianli; Jin, Hengwei; Tian, Zhihua; Li, Youxiang; He, Hongwei

    2017-02-01

    Objective This study was to evaluate the safety and efficiency of endovascular treatment of unruptured basilar tip aneurysms. Methods We retrospectively reviewed consecutive 79 cases of unruptured basilar tip aneurysms in our center between 2009 and 2014. The patients' clinical and imaging information were recorded. Complications, initial occlusion rate, clinical outcomes and the predictors were retrospectively analyzed. Results Thirty-five cases received conservative treatment and 44 cases were treated by endovascular embolization. In the conservative treatment group, six (19.4%) of 31 basilar tip aneurysms ruptured and resulted in five deaths (16.1%) during the mean 18.1-month follow-up (range from 1 to 60 months). Among the endovascularly treated cases, 24 (54.5%) achieved initial complete occlusion and no delayed hemorrhagic events occurred during the mean 33.6-month follow-up (range from 10 to 68 months). For 20 (45.5%) incompletely occluded cases, five postoperative or delayed hemorrhagic events and two mass effect events resulted in six deaths. There were no statistical significant differences in hemorrhagic events ( p = 0.732) and mortality ( p = 0.502) between the incomplete occlusion group and untreated group. Large aneurysm size (≥10 mm) was an independent predictor for incomplete occlusion ( p = 0.002), which had a potential risk of postoperative or delayed hemorrhage. On univariate analysis, initial occlusion rate and aneurysm size were found to be associated with clinical outcomes ( p = 0.042 and 0.015). Conclusion Complete occlusion for unruptured basilar tip aneurysm proved to be a safe and effective therapeutic method that could eliminate the potential risk of postoperative or delayed hemorrhage.

  9. Vascular Complications in Lumbar Spinal Surgery: Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Kyoung Ho; Park, Jae Hyung; Chung, Jin Wook; Han, Joon Koo; Shin, Sang Joon; Kang, Heung Sik

    2000-01-15

    Four patients underwent endovascular treatment of vascular injuries complicating lumbar spinal surgery. In two patients with massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage, the extravasating lumbar arteries were successfully embolized with microcoils. Two patients with large iliac arteriovenous fistula (AVF) were treated, one with embolization using a detachable balloon and coils, which failed, and the other with placement of a stent graft after embolization of distal runoff vessels, which occluded the fistula.We conclude that acute arterial laceration or delayed AVF complicating lumbar spinal surgery can be managed effectively with selective embolization or stent-graft placement, respectively.

  10. Endovascular treatment for acute pulmonary embolism in neurological patient

    PubMed Central

    Paul, Gunchan; Paul, Birinder S; Gautam, Parshotam L; Mohan, Bishav; Sharma, Shruti

    2015-01-01

    Among the spectrum of venous thrombo-embolic disease, acute pulmonary embolism accounts for the most life threatening manifestations with mortality exceeding 50%. It can affect many patient populations across various disciplines, hence immediate attention and aggressive treatment is crucial. With the advancement of technologies, various catheter-based devices are available to treat massive or submassive PE. In this paper we report two patients of acute pulmonary embolism with neurological issues where the life threatening emergency was successfully managed by utilizing endovascular directed thrombolytic reperfusion therapy. PMID:26609298

  11. Standard of Practice for the Endovascular Treatment of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Type B Dissections

    SciTech Connect

    Fanelli, Fabrizio; Dake, Michael D.

    2009-09-15

    Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) represents a minimally invasive technique alternative to conventional open surgical reconstruction for the treatment of thoracic aortic pathologies. Rapid advances in endovascular technology and procedural breakthroughs have contributed to a dramatic transformation of the entire field of thoracic aortic surgery. TEVAR procedures can be challenging and, at times, extraordinarily difficult. They require seasoned endovascular experience and refined skills. Of all endovascular procedures, meticulous assessment of anatomy and preoperative procedure planning are absolutely paramount to produce optimal outcomes. These guidelines are intended for use in quality-improvement programs that assess the standard of care expected from all physicians who perform TEVAR procedures.

  12. Endovascular Techniques for the Treatment of Renal Artery Aneurysms

    SciTech Connect

    Elaassar, Omar Auriol, Julien; Marquez, Romero; Tall, Philippe; Rousseau, Herve; Joffre, Francis

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: Our goal was to analyze the indications and limitations of the different percutaneous endovascular approaches reported for the treatment of renal artery aneurysms (RAAs) and to develop a scientific approach for optimum selection of treatment strategy of RAAs through analyzing our experience and reviewing available literature. Methods: This retrospective study was designed to evaluate the treatment and follow-up of 13 consecutive patients who presented with 13 RAAs by using a variety of endovascular interventional techniques. Different combinations of coil embolization, liquid embolization, stenting, and stent-graft exclusion were used in correlation with variable-specific aneurysm criteria. Results: All patients were successfully treated with no significant short- or long-term complications. Patients were followed for an average period of 43 (range 13-103) months. Conclusions: Ten different determinants were found to affect our decision making: shape, size, neck, position of aneurysm on artery, branches arising, artery involved, condition of the artery, age, general condition of the patient, and renal function.

  13. Persistent Type I Endoleak after Endovascular Treatment with Chimney Technique

    PubMed Central

    Azevedo, Ana Isabel; Braga, Pedro; Rodrigues, Alberto; Ferreira, Nuno; Fonseca, Marlene; Dias, Adelaide; Gama Ribeiro, Vasco

    2016-01-01

    Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is increasingly used in the treatment of acute type B aortic dissection. Type Ia endoleaks are a common complication of the procedure, but its clinical significance and the best treatment strategy remain poorly defined. We present a case of a type Ia endoleak following TEVAR in the treatment of acute type B aortic dissection. Chimney technique approach was used in an attempt to seal the endoleak. Although technical success was suboptimal, the patient remained clinically stable and event free. Data regarding the natural course and management of type Ia endoleaks following TEVAR for aortic dissection are sparse. Future research is required to establish the clinical and technical determinants of the need to treat these endoleaks and the best treatment strategy. PMID:27703967

  14. Open surgical revision provides a more durable repair than endovascular treatment for unfavorable vein graft lesions

    PubMed Central

    McCallum, John C.; Bensley, Rodney P.; Darling, Jeremy D.; Hamdan, Allen D.; Wyers, Mark C.; Hile, Chantel; Guzman, Raul J.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Lower extremity bypass grafts that develop stenoses are commonly treated with either open surgical or endovascular revision. Vein graft stenoses with unfavorable lesions (multiple lesions, lesions greater than 2cm in length, lesions in grafts less than 3 months old, lesions in grafts less than 3mm in diameter) fare worse than those with favorable lesions when treated with endovascular therapy. However, it is not known if unfavorable lesions fare better with surgical revision than with endovascular treatment or than favorable lesions treated with surgery. Methods We performed a retrospective review of 175 vein graft revisions performed at a single institution from 2000 to 2010. Characteristics of lesions treated with surgical and endovascular revision were identified. Cox proportional hazard models were used to identify predictors of revision failure (restenosis >75%, revision, or amputation). Results 91 (52%) failing vein grafts were treated with surgical revision and 84 (48%) with endovascular treatment, with a median follow up of 30 months. Favorable lesions fared better than unfavorable lesions after endovascular treatment, with 12-month freedom from failure of 59% vs 34% (P <.01), but not after surgical revision (66% vs 62%, P =.90). Unfavorable lesions had better freedom from failure after surgery than endovascular treatment (62%vs 34%, P <.01), while results in favorable lesions were similar (66% versus 59%, P =.57). Conclusion For the treatment of failing vein grafts, endovascular therapy appears adequate for favorable lesions while surgical revision is more durable for unfavorable lesions. PMID:26483000

  15. Postcatheterization Femoral Arteriovenous Fistulas: Endovascular Treatment with Stent-Grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Onal, Baran Kosar, Sule; Gumus, Terman; Ilgit, Erhan T.; Akpek, Sergin

    2004-09-15

    Purpose: To report our results of stent-graft implantation for the endovascular treatment of postcatheterization femoral arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) occurring between the deep femoral artery and the femoral vein.Methods: Endovascular treatment of iatrogenic femoral AVFs as a result of arterial puncture for coronary angiography and/or angioplasty was attempted in 10 cases. Balloon-expandable stent-grafts, one for each lesion, were used to repair the fistulas, which were between the deep femoral artery and the femoral vein in all cases. Stent-graft implantation to the deep femoral artery was performed by a contralateral retrograde approach.Results: All stent-grafts were deployed successfully. Complete closure of the fistulas was accomplished immediately in nine of 10 cases. In one case, complete closure could not be obtained but the fact that the complaint subsided was taken to indicate clinical success. In three cases, side branch occlusion of the deep femoral artery occurred. No complications were observed after implantation. Follow-up for 8-31 months (mean 18.5 months) with color Doppler ultrasonography revealed patency of the stented arterial segments without recurrent arteriovenous shunting in those nine patients who had successful immediate closure of their AVFs.Conclusion: Our results with a mean follow-up 18.5 months suggest that stent-graft implantation for the closure of postcatheterization femoral AVFs originating from the deep femoral artery is an effective, minimally invasive alternative procedure.

  16. Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Nakai, Y.; Sonobe, M.; Kato, N.; Okamoto, S.; Nakamura, K.; Sugita, K.

    2006-01-01

    Summary The aim of this paper is to provide a review of our experience in using the endovascular treatment of ruptured anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms. Between March 1997 and May 2004, 211 ruptured aneurysms were treated with Guglielmi detachable coil (GDC) system in Mito Medical Center, 73 were located at the ACoA. Two cases were incomplete embolization, and performed microsurgical clipping. In the initial embolization for the 71 aneurysms, complete occlusion was achieved in 44 aneurysms, neck remnant in 11 aneurysms and body filling in 16 aneurysms. Intra-operative complication was occurred in six cases (8.2%). Aneurysm perforation was occurred in three cases (4.1%), thromboembolic complication was occurred in three cases (4.1%). Acute rebleeding were observed in two cases (2.7%). Endovascular treatment is an effective technique for treating ACoA aneurysms, and 3D-rotational angiography is important diagnostic tool for evaluating the ACoA complex. PMID:20569604

  17. Endovascular Treatment of Mycotic Aortic Pseudoaneurysms with Stent-Grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Tiesenhausen, Kurt Hessinger, Michael; Tomka, Maurice; Portugaller, Horst; Swanidze, Shota; Oberwalder, Peter

    2008-05-15

    Mycotic aortic aneurysms remain a therapeutic challenge, especially in patients who are not suitable for open surgery. Endovascular treatment with stent-grafts in this indication is still disputed. Between January 2002 and January 2006, six patients with mycotic aneurysms of the thoracoabdominal or abdominal aorta were admitted to our department. All patients were male, aged 57-83 years (mean, 74.6 years). The mycotic aneurysms were diagnosed on the basis of clinical signs of infection, on CT, and, in four cases, on a positive blood culture. In all patients the mycotic aortic aneurysms were treated endovascularly by stent-graft implantation. Technical and clinical success was achieved in all patients. There was no in-hospital or 30-day mortality. In the follow-up period (range, 2-47 months) four patients died of cancer, cardiac failure, or unknown cause (one case). Two patients are still alive with nearly complete regression of the aneurysms. We conclude that treatment of mycotic aortic aneurysms with stent-grafts may be an alternative in selected patients.

  18. Treatment of a Hepatic Artery Aneurysm by Endovascular Stent-Grafting

    SciTech Connect

    Jenssen, Guttorm L. Wirsching, Jan; Pedersen, Gustav; Amundsen, Svein Roar; Aune, Steinar; Dregelid, Einar; Jonung, Torbjorn; Daryapeyma, Alireza; Laxdal, Elin

    2007-06-15

    Aneurysms of the visceral arteries are rare. Traditional treatment has been surgical or endovascular with coil embolization. Recently, however, reports on endovascular therapy with stent-grafts have been published. We report the case of a 61-year-old man who was successfully treated with a stent-graft for a symptomatic combined celiac/hepatic artery aneurysm.

  19. [Endovascular and surgical treatment of a patient with traumatic rupture of the aorta and hepatic artery].

    PubMed

    Chernaya, N R; Muslimov, R Sh; Selina, I E; Kokov, L S; Vladimirova, E S; Navruzbekov, M S; Gulyaev, V A

    2016-01-01

    Traumatic rupture of the aorta is the second most common cause of death in closed chest injury. The latest findings of autopsy showed that 80% of lethal outcomes in aortic injury occur in the prehospital period. Taking into consideration the incidence and high rate of death prior to the diagnosis stage, aortic rupture in closed thoracic injury is an important problem. Due to the characteristic mechanism of the development (during sharp deceleration of the body) this type of traumatic lesion of the aorta became known as "deceleration syndrome". The most vulnerable to tension aortic portion is its neck where the mobile part of the thoracic aorta is connected to the fixed arch in the place of the arterial ligament attachment. Open surgical intervention in patients with severe closed chest injury (often concomitant injury) is associated with high mortality and complications. Currently endovascular prosthetic repair of the aorta is a method of choice at the primary stage of treatment of patients with aortic injury. In this article we present a rare case report of concomitant lesion of large vessels (the descending aortic portion and proper hepatic artery) in a patient with severe concomitant injury, as well as peculiarities of diagnosis and combined treatment (endovascular prosthetic repair of the aorta and hepatic artery with an aotovein).

  20. Effects of tripterygium glycosides on restenosis following endovascular treatment

    PubMed Central

    HAN, BING; GE, CHANG-QING; ZHANG, HONG-GUANG; ZHOU, CHEN-GUANG; JI, GUO-HUI; YANG, ZHENG; ZHANG, LIANG

    2016-01-01

    The mechanism and associated factors of restenosis following intravascular stent implantation remain to be elucidated. The present two-part experimental and clinical study aimed to investigate the effects of tripterygium glycosides on in-stent restenosis subsequent to intra-arterial therapy. Following endovascular stent implantation in rabbit iliac arteries, post-stent outcomes were evaluated in cyclosporine groups, low-dose and high-dose tripterygium glycosides groups and controls. Post-operative angiography indicated that vessel diameters were similar between groups; however, at 28 days after receiving the therapeutic agents, vessels of the cyclosporine and tripterygium glycosides groups were significantly larger than those of the controls. Furthermore, three groups of patients had comparable baseline levels of interleukin (IL)-10, IL-18 and C-reactive protein, and intima-media thickness. However, 1 month after stent implantation, levels of IL-10 and IL-18 were markedly reduced in the high- and low-dose tripterygium glycosides groups compared with controls. At 6 months after surgery, the stent patency rate in patients with bare stents was significantly lower than in patients receiving tripterygium glycosides (P≤0.009). In addition, the ankle-brachial index was also higher than in those without tripterygium glycosides (P<0.001). Results of the experimental and clinical studies suggest that tripterygium glycosides may inhibit and possibly aid in the prevention of in-stent restenosis formation following endovascular treatment of lower-extremity artery disease. PMID:27108914

  1. Computer-supported diagnosis for endotension cases in endovascular aortic aneurysm repair evolution.

    PubMed

    García, G; Tapia, A; De Blas, M

    2014-06-01

    An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized abnormal enlargement of the abdominal aorta with fatal consequences if not treated on time. The endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a minimal invasive therapy that reduces recovery times and improves survival rates in AAA cases. Nevertheless, post-operation difficulties can appear influencing the evolution of treatment. The objective of this work is to develop a pilot computer-supported diagnosis system for an automated characterization of EVAR progression from CTA images. The system is based on the extraction of texture features from post-EVAR thrombus aneurysm samples and on posterior classification. Three conventional texture-analysis methods, namely the gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), the gray level run length matrix (GLRLM), the gray level difference method (GLDM), and a new method proposed by the authors, the run length matrix of local co-occurrence matrices (RLMLCM), were applied to each sample. Several classification schemes were experimentally evaluated. The ensembles of a k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), a multilayer perceptron neural network (MLP-NN), and a support vector machine (SVM) classifier fed with a reduced version of texture features resulted in a better performance (Az=94.35±0.30), as compared to the classification performance of the other alternatives. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Randomized assessment of rapid endovascular treatment of ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Goyal, Mayank; Demchuk, Andrew M; Menon, Bijoy K; Eesa, Muneer; Rempel, Jeremy L; Thornton, John; Roy, Daniel; Jovin, Tudor G; Willinsky, Robert A; Sapkota, Biggya L; Dowlatshahi, Dar; Frei, Donald F; Kamal, Noreen R; Montanera, Walter J; Poppe, Alexandre Y; Ryckborst, Karla J; Silver, Frank L; Shuaib, Ashfaq; Tampieri, Donatella; Williams, David; Bang, Oh Young; Baxter, Blaise W; Burns, Paul A; Choe, Hana; Heo, Ji-Hoe; Holmstedt, Christine A; Jankowitz, Brian; Kelly, Michael; Linares, Guillermo; Mandzia, Jennifer L; Shankar, Jai; Sohn, Sung-Il; Swartz, Richard H; Barber, Philip A; Coutts, Shelagh B; Smith, Eric E; Morrish, William F; Weill, Alain; Subramaniam, Suresh; Mitha, Alim P; Wong, John H; Lowerison, Mark W; Sajobi, Tolulope T; Hill, Michael D

    2015-03-12

    Among patients with a proximal vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation, 60 to 80% of patients die within 90 days after stroke onset or do not regain functional independence despite alteplase treatment. We evaluated rapid endovascular treatment in addition to standard care in patients with acute ischemic stroke with a small infarct core, a proximal intracranial arterial occlusion, and moderate-to-good collateral circulation. We randomly assigned participants to receive standard care (control group) or standard care plus endovascular treatment with the use of available thrombectomy devices (intervention group). Patients with a proximal intracranial occlusion in the anterior circulation were included up to 12 hours after symptom onset. Patients with a large infarct core or poor collateral circulation on computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography were excluded. Workflow times were measured against predetermined targets. The primary outcome was the score on the modified Rankin scale (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) at 90 days. A proportional odds model was used to calculate the common odds ratio as a measure of the likelihood that the intervention would lead to lower scores on the modified Rankin scale than would control care (shift analysis). The trial was stopped early because of efficacy. At 22 centers worldwide, 316 participants were enrolled, of whom 238 received intravenous alteplase (120 in the intervention group and 118 in the control group). In the intervention group, the median time from study CT of the head to first reperfusion was 84 minutes. The rate of functional independence (90-day modified Rankin score of 0 to 2) was increased with the intervention (53.0%, vs. 29.3% in the control group; P<0.001). The primary outcome favored the intervention (common odds ratio, 2.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.7 to 3.8; P<0.001), and the intervention was associated with reduced mortality (10.4%, vs. 19.0% in the control group; P=0.04). Symptomatic

  3. Treatment of Type II Endoleaks After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Transcaval Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Mansueto, Giancarlo Cenzi, Daniela; D'Onofrio, Mirko; Petrella, Enrico; Gumbs, Andrew A.; Mucelli, Roberto Pozzi

    2005-06-15

    The purpose of the note is to describe a new technique for type II endoleak treatment, using an alternative approach through femoral venous access. Three patients who developed type II endoleak after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm were treated with direct transcaval puncture and embolization inside the aneurysm sac. The detailed technique is described. All patients were treated without any complications and discharged 48 hours after the treatment. At 1 month follow-up the computed tomograph scan did not show a recurrence of a type II endoleak. The management of patients with type II endoleak is a controversial issue and different techniques have been proposed. We suggest an alternative technique for type II endoleak treatment. The feasibility and the advantages of this approach can offer new possibilities for the diagnosis as well as for the treatment of this complication.

  4. [Endovascular surgery in the war].

    PubMed

    Reva, V A; Samokhvalov, I M

    2015-01-01

    Rapid growth of medical technologies has led to implementation of endovascular methods of diagnosis and treatment into rapidly developing battlefield surgery. This work based on analysing all available current publications generalizes the data on using endovascular surgery in combat vascular injury. During the Korean war (1950-1953) American surgeons for the first time performed endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta - the first intravascular intervention carried out in a zone of combat operations. Half a century thereafter, with the beginning of the war in Afghanistan (2001) and in Iraq (2003) surgeons of central hospitals of the USA Armed Forces began performing delayed endovascular operations to the wounded. The development of technologies, advent of mobile angiographs made it possible to later on implement high-tech endovascular interventions in a zone of combat operations. At first, more often they performed implantation of cava filters, somewhat afterward - angioembolization of damaged accessory vessels, stenting and endovascular repair of major arteries. The first in the theatre of war endovascular prosthetic repair of the thoracic aorta for severe closed injury was performed in 2008. Russian experience of using endovascular surgery in combat injuries is limited to diagnostic angiography and regional intraarterial perfusion. Despite the advent of stationary angiographs in large hospitals of the RF Ministry of Defence in the early 1990s, endovascular operations for combat vascular injury are casuistic. Foreign experience in active implementation of endovascular technologies to treatment of war-time injuries has substantiated feasibility of using intravascular interventions in tertiary care military hospitals. Carrying out basic training courses on endovascular surgery should become an organic part of preparing multimodality general battlefield surgeons rendering care on the theatre of combat operations.

  5. National trends in utilization and outcomes of endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke patients in the mechanical thrombectomy era.

    PubMed

    Hassan, Ameer E; Chaudhry, Saqib A; Grigoryan, Mikayel; Tekle, Wondwossen G; Qureshi, Adnan I

    2012-11-01

    Because several new devices for mechanical thrombectomy have become available, the outcomes of patients undergoing endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke are expected to improve in the United States. We performed this analysis to evaluate trends in utilization of endovascular treatment and associated rates of death and disability among acute ischemic stroke patients over a 6-year period, including further assessment within age strata. We obtained data for patients admitted to hospitals in the United States from 2004 to 2009 with a primary diagnosis of ischemic stroke using a large national database. We determined the rate and pattern of utilization, and associated in-hospital outcomes of endovascular treatment among ischemic stroke patients and further analyzed trends within age strata. Outcomes were classified as minimal disability, moderate to severe disability, and death based on discharge disposition and compared between 2 time periods: 2004 to 2007 (post-MERCI) and 2008 to 2009 (post-Penumbra) approvals Of the 3,292,842 patients admitted with ischemic stroke, 72,342 (2.2%) received intravenous thrombolytic treatment and 13 799 (0.4%) underwent endovascular treatment. There was a 6-fold increase in patients who underwent endovascular treatment (0.1% of ischemic strokes in 2004 vs 0.6% in 2009; P<0.001), with the patients aged≥85 years having the lowest rate of utilization (0.2%). The rates of intracranial hemorrhage remained unchanged throughout the 6 years. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for age, gender, presence of hypertension, congestive heart failure, renal failure, and secondary intracranial hemorrhages, there was no difference in the rate of minimal disability between the 2 study intervals (2004-2007 vs 2008-2009; odds ratio, 0.8; 95% confidence interval, 0.7-1.04; P=0.11). Mortality decreased while moderate to severe disability increased for patients treated during 2008 to 2009 (odds ratio, 0.7; 95% confidence

  6. Late Recurrence of a Hepatic Artery Aneurysm After Treatment Using an Endovascular Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Downer, Jonathan; Choji, Kiyoshi

    2008-11-15

    Endovascular stent placement and coil embolization have become established options in the treatment of visceral arterial aneurysms. In this article we report the case of an 83-year-old presenting with gastrointestinal hemorrhage due to a recurrent hepatic arterial aneurysm occurring 12 years after treatment with an endovascular stent. The recurrent aneurysm had resulted from stent fracture and was successfully treated by coil embolization. To our knowledge, stent fracture complicating the endovascular treatment of a visceral artery aneurysm has not been described in the published literature. With the increasing use of metallic endoprostheses in interventional radiology, recognizing and reporting device failure are of critical importance.

  7. Endovascular treatment of proximal arsastomotic aneurysms after aortic prosthetic reconstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Tiesenhausen, Kurt; Hausegger, Klaus A.; Tauss, Josef; Amann, Wilfried; Koch, Guenter

    2001-01-15

    Purpose: To describe the efficacy and value of endovascular stent-grafts for the treatment of aortic anastomotic pseudo-aneurysms.Methods: Three patients with proximal aortic anastomotic pseudoaneurysms 8-15 years after prosthetic reconstruction were treated by transfemoral stent-graft implantation. In two patients the pseudoaneurysms were excluded by Talent prostheses [tube graft (n=1), bifurcated graft (n=s1)]. In one patient an uniiliac Zenith stent-graft was implanted and an extra-anatomic crossover bypass for revascularization of the contralateral lower extremity was performed.Results: All procedures were successful with primary exclusion of the pseudoaneurysms. During the follow-up (mean 16 months) one endoleak occurred due to migration of the tube stent-graft. The endoleak was sealed successfully by implanting an additional bifurcated stent-graft.Conclusion: Stent-graft exclusion of aortic pseudoaneurysms offers a minimally invasive and safe alternative to open surgical reconstruction.

  8. Endovascular Treatment of Proximal Anastomotic Aneurysms After Aortic Prosthetic Reconstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Tiesenhausen, Kurt; Hausegger, Klaus A.; Tauss, Josef; Amann, Wilfried; Koch, Guenter

    2001-01-15

    Purpose: To describe the efficacy and value of endovascular stent-grafts for the treatment of aortic anastomotic pseudoaneurysms.Methods: Three patients with proximal aortic anastomotic pseudoaneurysms 8-15 years after prosthetic reconstruction were treated by transfemoral stent-graft implantation. In two patients the pseudoaneurysms were excluded by Talent prostheses [tube graft (n = 1), bifurcated graft (n = 1)]. In one patient an uni iliac Zenith stent-graft was implanted and an extra-anatomic crossover bypass for revascularization of the contralateral lower extremity was performed.Results: All procedures were successful with primary exclusion of the pseudoaneurysms. During the follow-up (mean 16 months) one endoleak occurred due to migration of the tube stent-graft. The endoleak was sealed successfully by implanting an additional bifurcated stent-graft.Conclusion: Stent-graft exclusion of aortic pseudoaneurysms offers a minimally invasive and safe alternative to open surgical reconstruction.

  9. Endovascular Treatment of Complications of Femoral Arterial Access

    SciTech Connect

    Tsetis, Dimitrios

    2010-06-15

    Endovascular repair of femoral arterial access complications is nowadays the treatment of choice in a group of patients who cannot tolerate vascular reconstruction and bleeding due to advanced cardiovascular disease. Endovascular procedures can be performed under local anesthesia, are well tolerated by the patient, and are associated with a short hospitalization time. Ninitinol stent technology allows for safe stent and stent-graft extension at the common femoral artery (CFA) level, due to increased resistance to external compression and bending stress. Active pelvic bleeding can be insidious, and prompt placement of a stent-graft at the site of leakage is a lifesaving procedure. Percutaneous thrombin injection under US guidance is the treatment of choice for femoral pseudoaneurysms (PAs); this can theoretically be safer with simultaneous balloon occlusion across the entry site of a PA without a neck or with a short and wide neck. In a few cases with thrombin failure due to a large arterial defect or accompanying arteriovenous fistula (AVF), a stent-graft can be deployed. The vast majority of catheter-induced AVFs can be treated effectively with stent-graft implantation even if they are located very close to the femoral bifurcation. Obstructive dissection flaps localized in the CFA are usually treated with prolonged balloon inflation; however, in more extensive dissections involving iliac arteries, self-expanding stents should be deployed. Iliofemoral thrombosis can be treated effectively with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) followed by prolonged balloon inflation or stent placement. Balloon angioplasty and CDT can occasionally be used to treat stenoses and occlusions complicating the use of percutaneous closure devices.

  10. Comparative study of novel endovascular treatment techniques for intracranial aneurysms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cantón, Gádor; Lasheras, Juan C.; Levy, David I.; Sparks, Steven R.

    2002-11-01

    Intracranial aneurysms are life-threatening vascular lesions, which are potentially treatable to avoid the consequences of their rupture. Current treatments, either surgical or endovascular, are all guided to reduce the hemodynamic forces acting on the aneurysm wall in an effort to minimize the risk of rupture. Surgical clipping is still the most used technique to treat this type of aneurysm but there is a continued demand for less invasive approaches. This has led to the development of several endovascular techniques. We report here a comparative study of the reduction in the hemodynamic stresses and the modification of the flow in the parent vessel resulting from the use of three different techniques. The first one consists of endosaccular packing with platinum coils (GDC, Target Therapeutics), which is already widely used but its long-term efficacy has not yet been determined. The second one consists of the embolization of the aneurismal sac with Onyx, a polymer which hardens when in contact with the blood (being developed by Micro Therapeutics, Inc.). The third one involves the packing of the sac with hydrocoils, platinum wires coated with a gel which quickly hydrates when in contact with blood (developed by MicroVention). A Digital Particle Image Velocimetry (DPIV) system is used to measure in vitro the velocity field inside a model of an ACOM aneurysm (an aneurysm forming in the anterior communicating artery). Physiological accurate pulsatile flow conditions are input to the arterial model through a programmable pump. The measurements show that although all treatment techniques lead to a reduction in both normal and tangential shear stresses on the aneurismal sac, each one of them also leads to different modifications of the flow in the parent vessel which may have consequences related to potential for clotting. Comparison of the untreated aneurysm with the above three treated cases also showed that the characteristics of the wall shear stresses on the parent

  11. Endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke: the end or just the beginning?

    PubMed

    Mokin, Maxim; Khalessi, Alexander A; Mocco, J; Lanzino, Giuseppe; Dumont, Travis M; Hanel, Ricardo A; Lopes, Demetrius K; Fessler, Richard D; Ringer, Andrew J; Bendok, Bernard R; Veznedaroglu, Erol; Siddiqui, Adnan H; Hopkins, L Nelson; Levy, Elad I

    2014-01-01

    Various endovascular intraarterial approaches are available for treating patients with acute ischemic stroke who present with severe neurological deficits. Three recent randomized trials-Interventional Management of Stroke (IMS) III, Mechanical Retrieval and Recanalization of Stroke Clots Using Embolectomy (MR RESCUE), and Synthesis Expansion: A Randomized Controlled Trial on Intra-Arterial Versus Intravenous Thrombolysis in Acute Ischemic Stroke (SYNTHESIS Expansion)-evaluated the efficacy of endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke and, after failing to demonstrate any significant clinical benefit of endovascular therapies, raised concerns and questions in the medical community regarding the future of endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke. In this paper, the authors review the evolution of endovascular treatment strategies for the treatment of acute stroke and provide their interpretation of findings and potential limitations of the three recently published randomized trials. The authors discuss the advantage of stent-retriever technology over earlier endovascular approaches and review the current status and future directions of endovascular acute stroke studies based on lessons learned from previous trials.

  12. Is there already a place for endovascular treatment of the common femoral artery?

    PubMed

    Geiger, M; Deloose, K; Callaert, J; Bosiers, M

    2015-02-01

    Surgical endarterectomy has been considered the prefered technique for treating the common femoral artery (CFA). Although favorable endovascular treatment results of the CFA have recently become available, losing the groin area as an important acess site is still the major concern for this technique to become the golden standart. Nevertheless, the endovascular approach has shown, through several studies, including our experience, the capacity to establish itself as a complementery treatment for the modern vascular surgeon.

  13. Endovascular Embolization of Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Secondary to Anticoagulant Treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Isokangas, Juha-Matti Peraelae, Jukka M.

    2004-11-15

    The purpose of this study was to report a single hospital's experience of endovascular treatment of patients with retroperitoneal hemorrhage (RPH) secondary to anticoagulant treatment. Ten consecutive patients treated in an intensive care unit and needing blood transfusions due to RPH secondary to anticoagulation were referred for digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to detect the bleeding site(s) and to evaluate the possibilities of treating them by transcatheter embolization. DSA revealed bleeding site(s) in all 10 patients: 1 lumbar artery in 4 patients, 1 branch of internal iliac artery in 3 patients and multiple bleeding sites in 3 patients. Embolization could be performed in 9 of them. Coils, gelatin and/or polyvinyl alcohol were used as embolic agents. Bleeding stopped or markedly decreased after embolization in 8 of the 9 (89%) patients. Four patients were operated on prior to embolization, but surgery failed to control the bleeding in any of these cases. Abdominal compartment syndrome requiring surgical or radiological intervention after embolization developed in 5 patients. One patient died, and 2 had sequelae due to RPH. All 7 patients whose bleeding stopped after embolization had a good clinical outcome. Embolization seems to be an effective and safe method to control the bleeding in patients with RPH secondary to anticoagulant treatment when conservative treatment is insufficient.

  14. [Open surgery and endovascular treatment on the descending thoracic aorta: 15 years' experience].

    PubMed

    Carmona, P; Collado, B; Soriano, J L; Mateo, E

    2010-05-01

    Outcomes of surgical treatment of the descending thoracic aorta have improved markedly, although high associated morbidity and mortality continue to be a concern. Endovascular treatments are therefore attractive alternatives to open surgery. We compared outcomes of endovascular treatment to outcomes of open surgery on both aortic segments. Retrospective study of patients treated for descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aorta disease by means of open surgery or endovascular treatment in our hospital between 1995 and 2009. We analyzed preoperative characteristics, intraoperative variables, and postoperative results in both groups. We retrieved the cases of 22 patients, 10 who underwent open surgery and 12 who received endovascular treatment. Surgery was indicated to treat aneurysm (40%), aortic dissection (30%), or both (30%) in the open surgery group. In the endovascular treatment group, 66.7% had aneurysm, 33.3% dissection, and 0% both. Trauma was involved in 20% of the open surgeries and 16.7% of the endovascular procedures. Forty percent of the open surgery cases and 16.2% of the endovascular interventions were emergencies. Patient age was the only statistically significant between-group difference in preoperative characteristics. Postoperative complication rates were similar. Significant differences were observed in duration of surgery, lengths of critical care unit and total hospital stays, and intubation time (P < .05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the group of patients undergoing open surgery on the descending thoracic aorta was similar to incidences reported by other hospitals with moderate caseloads. A trend toward reduced morbidity and mortality in the endovascular treatment group was observed, and this group had significantly shorter times of intubation and lengths of critical care unit and hospital stays.

  15. The use of endovascular stents in the treatment of penetrating ulcers of the thoracic aorta.

    PubMed

    Brittenden, J; McBride, K; McInnes, G; Gillespie, I N; Bradbury, A W

    1999-11-01

    Penetrating atheromatous ulcers of the aorta are increasingly recognized as a distinct entity. Although their natural history remains ill-defined, such ulcers may lead to pseudoaneurysmal formation, dissection, rupture, or embolization. Given the morbidity associated with open repair, endovascular repair of penetrating atheromatous ulcers may be the treatment of choice. Although stent-graft replacement of acute aortic dissections has recently been described, endovascular repair of penetrating thoracic aortic ulcers has not previously been reported. We report two cases of successful endovascular repair of penetrating atheromatous ulcers that previously ruptured.

  16. A 2-Stage Surgical and Endovascular Treatment of Rare Multiple Aneurysms of Pancreatic Arteries.

    PubMed

    Aryal, Bibek; Komokata, Teruo; Ueno, Takayuki; Yamamoto, Bunsei; Senokuchi, Terutoshi; Yasuda, Hiroshi; Kaieda, Mamoru; Imoto, Yutaka

    2017-04-01

    Aneurysms of pancreatic arteries (PAs) are often found incidentally during evaluation of other abdominal pathology. Aneurysms involving multiple PAs are rarely reported in the literature. In case reports of PA aneurysm, inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery is the usual site of aneurysm occurrence. PA aneurysms can be treated surgically by aneurysm exclusion, excision, and by endovascular techniques. However, no clear consensus exists regarding treatment modality, leaving the surgeon to determine the most appropriate approach bearing in mind their experience, anatomical location of the aneurysm, involved artery, and urgency of the procedure. We report a rare PA aneurysm involving dorsal pancreatic artery (DPA) and anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery (AIPDA) associated with celiac stenosis that was incidentally diagnosed in a patient with hepatic hemangioma. In addition, we reviewed data from the literature on patients with diffuse or multiple PA aneurysms and discuss the treatment modality in these rare variants. Both surgical and endovascular procedures are equally advocated in treatment of multiple PA aneurysms. In our report, we demonstrate a 2-stage surgical and endovascular treatment modality; DPA aneurysm that was not suitable for endovascular treatment was surgically resected and an iliohepatic bypass was made between left common iliac artery and AIPDA to ensure good hepatic perfusion. One month after the first procedure, AIPDA aneurysm was treated with endovascular embolization. Two-stage surgical and endovascular procedure may represent a useful strategy to treat aneurysms involving multiple PAs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Endovascular Treatment of Iatrogenic and Traumatic Carotid Artery Dissection

    SciTech Connect

    Schulte, Stefan; Donas, Konstantinos P. Pitoulias, Georgios A.; Horsch, Svante

    2008-09-15

    This paper reports on the early and midterm results of endovascular treatment of acute carotid artery dissections, its specific problems, and its limitations. We encountered seven patients with symptomatic extracranial carotid artery dissection, three cases of which occurred after carotid endarterectomy, two after carotid angioplasty and stenting, and two after trauma. Balloon-expandable and self-expanding stents were placed using a transfemoral approach. Success in restoring the carotid lumen was achieved in all patients. No procedure-related complications occurred. All patients experienced significant clinical improvement while in the hospital and achieved complete long-term recovery. At follow-up (mean, 22.4 months), good luminal patency of the stented segments was observed. In conclusion, in this small series, primary stent-supported angioplasty seems to be a safe and effective strategy in the treatment of selected patients having acute traumatic extracranial carotid artery dissection, with excellent early and midterm results. Larger series and longer-term follow-up are required before definitive recommendations can be made.

  18. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Iliac Artery Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Carnevale, F. C. De Blas, Mariano; Merino, Santiago; Egana, Jose M.; Caldas, Jose G.M.P.

    2004-09-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiological long-term results of recanalization of chronic occluded iliac arteries with balloon angioplasty and stent placement.Methods: Sixty-nine occluded iliac arteries (mean length 8.1 cm; range 4-16 cm) in 67 patients were treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement. Evaluations included clinical assesment according to Fontaine stages, Doppler examinations with ankle-brachial index (ABI) and bilateral lower extremity arteriograms. Wallstent and Cragg vascular stents were inserted for iliac artery recanalization under local anesthesia. Follow-up lasted 1-83 months (mean 29.5 months).Results: Technical success rate was 97.1% (67 of 69). The mean ABI increased from 0.46 to 0.85 within 30 days after treatment and was 0.83 at the most recent follow-up. Mean hospitalization time was 2 days and major complications included arterial thrombosis (3%), arterial rupture (3%) and distal embolization (1%). During follow-up 6% stenosis and 9% thrombosis of the stents were observed. Clinical improvement occurred in 92% of patients. Primary and secondary patency rates were 75% and 95%, respectively.Conclusion: The long-term patency rates and clinical benefits suggest that percutaneous endovascular revascularization with metallic stents is a safe and effective treatment for patients with chronic iliac artery occlusion.

  19. [Color Doppler evaluation and diagnosis of local complications after arterial endovascular procedures].

    PubMed

    Novelli, Marco; Righi, Daniele; Pilato, Alida

    2012-09-01

    Diagnostic and therapeutic percutaneous endovascular procedures have become more and more common in recent years, and so also the number of local complications has increased. After such procedures a simple clinical examination may show the presence of an inguinal mass, but does not permit a diagnosis, while Color Doppler and Duplex Scanner can make a differential diagnosis between hematoma, pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula or other disease. Color Doppler is ubiquitously used to diagnose such complications as it offers a low-cost, easy-to-use method, only minimally uncomfortable for the patient. This ultrasound system can provide both anatomic and haemodynamic information. Our study highlights the diagnostic possibilities offered by the Color Doppler and Duplex Scanner and details, using many illustrations and examples, how the most common complications such as hematoma, pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula and thrombosis are imaged. Hematoma appears as a hypoechogenic zone, with no color inside, as flow is not present. Pseudoaneurysms, unlike hematoma, maintain a connection with an injured blood vessel, and so they show blood flow both inside the lesion and in the communicating channel, with a typical pattern. The arteriovenous fistula is a vascular channel created, after a percutaneous procedure, between an artery and an adjacent vein that have both been damaged. An endovascular thrombus is directly shown as a luminal defect of flow. Other less common complications are discussed and illustrated.

  20. Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia: Report of Five Cases

    SciTech Connect

    Nyman, Ulf; Ivancev, Krasnodar; Lindh, Mats; Uher, Petr

    1998-07-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the midterm results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement in stenotic and occluded mesenteric arteries in five consecutive patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Methods: Five patients with 70%-100% obliterations of all mesenteric vessels resulting in chronic mesenteric ischemia (n= 4) and as a prophylactic measure prior to abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (n= 1) underwent PTA of celiac and/or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) stenoses (n= 2), primary stenting of ostial celiac occlusions (n= 2), and secondary stenting of a SMA occlusion (n= 1; recoil after initial PTA). All patients underwent duplex ultrasonography (US) (n= 3) and/or angiography (n= 5) during a median follow-up of 21 months (range 8-42 months). Results: Clinical success was obtained in all five patients. Asymptomatic significant late restenoses (n3) were successfully treated with repeat PTA (n= 2) and stenting of an SMA occlusion (n= 1; celiac stent restenosis). Recurrent pain in one patient was interpreted as secondary to postsurgical abdominal adhesions. Two puncture-site complications occurred requiring local surgical treatment. Conclusions: Endovascular techniques may be attempted prior to surgery in cases of stenotic or short occlusive lesions in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Surgery may still be preferred in patients with long occlusions and a low operative risk.

  1. Endovascular Treatment of Cerebral Aneurysm with Coils and Onyx

    PubMed Central

    Ueno, J.; Tohma, N.

    2004-01-01

    Summary We investigated endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysm by coil and Onyx in vivo experiment in order to promote the advantages of coil embolization,. The aim of this study was to clarify the advantages and problems of coil and Onyx embolization and to evaluate its potentials for application in clinical medicine. We set experimental aneurysms made of external jugular vein to bilateral carotid arteries of 10 Beagle dogs and embolized aneurysm with coils and Onyx. Two months later, the dogs were sacrificed and took out the experimental aneurysms and examined them histologically. We have experienced Onyx migration into the vessel at the beginning of our experiment. Technical problems were as follows; Onyx was not easily visible on DSA monitor particularly in tight coil packing. Catheter tip was often stuck to the Onyx in the aneurysm. Protect balloon could not completely protect the Onyx leakage into the vessel. Microscopic examinations were as follows; The aneurysm was filled with Onyx, coils, and inflammatory reactants. The orifice of the aneurysm was packed with augmented fibrous tissue. 1. This method increased contact between the aneurysm wall and coils. 2. Onyx filled the intra-aneurismal space more tightly. 3. Coils prevented Onyx from flowing out into the vessel. 4. In Onyx, intimal layer was more rapidly formed at the neck of the aneurysm than coils only. 5. The most important problems during Onyx embolization is how to prevent Onyx migration into the vessel. We should like to propose the guideline for Onyx embolization. PMID:20587272

  2. Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia: Results in 14 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Chahid, Tamam; Alfidja, Agaicha T.; Biard, Marie; Ravel, Anne; Garcier, Jean Marc; Boyer, L.

    2004-11-15

    We evaluated immediate and long-term results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement to treat stenotic and occluded arteries in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Fourteen patients were treated by 3 exclusive celiac artery (CA) PTAs (2 stentings), 3 cases with both Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) and CA angioplasties, and 8 exclusive SMA angioplasties (3 stentings). Eleven patients had atheromatous stenoses with one case of an early onset atheroma in an HIV patient with antiphospholipid syndrome. The other etiologies of mesenteric arterial lesions were Takayashu arteritis (2 cases) and a postradiation stenoses (1 case). Technical success was achieved in all cases. Two major complications were observed: one hematoma and one false aneurysm occurring at the brachial puncture site (14.3%). An immediate clinical success was obtained in all patients. During a follow-up of 1-83 months (mean: 29 months), 11 patients were symptom free; 3 patients had recurrent pain; in one patient with inflammatory syndrome, pain relief was obtained with medical treatment; in 2 patients abdominal pain was due to restenosis 36 and 6 months after PTA, respectively. Restenosis was treated by PTA (postirradiation stenosis), and by surgical bypass (atheromatous stenosis). Percutaneous endovascular techniques are safe and accurate. They are an alternative to surgery in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia due to short and proximal occlusive lesions of SMA and CA.

  3. Endovascular Treatment of Thoracic Aortic Dissection: Hemodynamic Shear Stress Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Yik Sau; Lai, Siu Kai; Cheng, Stephen Wing Keung; Chow, Kwok Wing

    2012-11-01

    Thoracic Aortic Dissection (TAD), a life threatening cardiovascular disease, occurs when blood intrudes into the layers of the aortic wall, creating a new artificial channel (the false lumen) beside the original true lumen. The weakened false lumen wall may expand, enhancing the risk of rupture and resulting in high mortality. Endovascular treatment involves the deployment of a stent graft into the aorta, thus blocking blood from entering the false lumen. Due to the irregular geometry of the aorta, the stent graft, however, may fail to conform to the vessel curvature, and would create a ``bird-beak'' configuration, a wedge-shaped domain between the graft and the vessel wall. Computational fluid dynamics analysis is employed to study the hemodynamics of this pathological condition. With the `beaking' configuration, the local hemodynamic shear stress will drop below the threshold of safety reported earlier in the literature. The oscillating behavior of the shear stress might lead to local inflammation, atherosclerosis and other undesirable consequences. Supported by the Innovation and Technology Fund of the Hong Kong Government.

  4. Catheter venography and endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency.

    PubMed

    Mandato, Kenneth; Englander, Meridith; Keating, Lawrence; Vachon, Jason; Siskin, Gary P

    2012-06-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disorder characterized by damage to the myelin sheath insulation of nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord affecting nerve impulses which can lead to numerous physical and cognitive disabilities. The disease, which affects over 500,000 people in the United States alone, is widely believed to be an autoimmune condition potentially triggered by an antecedant event such as a viral infection, environmental factors, a genetic defect or a combination of each. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a condition characterized by abnormal venous drainage from the central nervous system that has been theorized to have a possible role in the pathogenesis and symptomatology of MS (1). A significant amount of attention has been given to this theory as a possible explanation for the etiology of symptoms related to MS patients suffering from this disease. The work of Dr. Zamboni, et al, who reported that treating the venous stenoses causing CCSVI with angioplasty resulting in significant improvement in the symptoms and quality of life of patients with MS (2) has led to further interest in this theory and potential treatment. The article presented describes endovascular techniques employed to diagnose and treat patients with MS and CCSVI.

  5. Endovascular Treatment of Veno-Occlusive Behcet's Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Tekbas, Guven; Oguzkurt, Levent Gur, Serkan; Onder, Hakan; Andic, Cagatay

    2012-08-15

    Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the outcome of endovascular treatments for patients with chronic veno-occlusive disease in different vascular beds secondary to Behcet's disease (BD). There are few case reports on the subject, and this is the largest study to date. Materials and Methods: From January 2001 through October 2009, chronic venous occlusions were treated in 10 patients (all male [age range 18-76 years]) with BD using percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and/or stent placement. All patients were symptomatic and had chronic iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT; n = 5), central venous occlusion (n = 3), or Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS; n = 2). All patients met criteria of the International Study Group on Behcet's Disease. Results: Two of five patients with DVT had unsuccessful recanalization attempts. Three patients had successful recanalization with stent placement. All three veins were occluded within 1 month with unsuccessful reinterventions. Three patients with chronic central venous occlusion had successful recanalization with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (n = 1) and stent placement (n = 2). Two patients had reocclusion with successful reintervention. Two BCS patients had successful treatment with stent placements. Overall technical success was 69%, and no procedural complications were encountered. None of the patients with chronic DVT had patent veins; however, all patients with central venous occlusion or BCS had patent veins on color Doppler ultrasonography at follow-up ranging from 3 to 48 months after intervention. Conclusion: Endovenous treatment for chronic iliofemoral DVT due to BD had a poor outcome. However, long-term outcome after endovenous treatment for upper-extremity central venous occlusion and BCS syndrome was good.

  6. Endovascular Treatment of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: Single Center Experience

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Jae-Sang; Oh, Hyuk-Jin; Shim, Jai-Joon; Bae, Hack-Gun; Lee, Kyeong-Seok

    2016-01-01

    Objective Treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) remains a challenge. However, after introduction of Onyx, transarterial approach is the preferred treatment option in many centers. We report our experience of dAVFs embolization with special emphasis on transarterial approach. Methods Seventeen embolization procedures were performed in 13 patients with dAVFs between Jan 2009 and Oct 2014. Clinical symptoms, location and type of fistulas, embolization methods, complications, radiological and clinical outcomes were evaluated using charts and PACS images. Results All 13 patients had symptomatic lesions. The locations of fistulas were transverse-sigmoid sinus in 6, middle fossa dura in 4, cavernous sinus in 2, and superior sagittal sinus in 1 patient. Cognard types were as follows : I in 4, IIa in 2, IIa+IIb in 5, and IV in 2. Embolization procedures were performed ≥2 times in 3 patients. Nine patients were treated with transarterial Onyx embolization alone. One of these required direct surgical puncture of middle meningeal artery. Complete obliteration of fistulas was achieved in 11/13 (85%) patients. There were no complications except for 1 case of Onyx migration in cavernous dAVF. Modified Rankin scale score at post-operative 3 months were 0 in 11, and 3 in 2 patients. Conclusion Transarterial Onyx embolization can be a first line therapeutic option in patients with dAVFs. However, transvenous approach should be tried first in cavernous sinus dAVF because of the risk of intracranial migration of liquid embolic materials. Furthermore, combined surgical endovascular approach can be considered as a useful option in inaccessible route. PMID:26885282

  7. A proposed grading system for endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations: Buffalo score

    PubMed Central

    Dumont, Travis M.; Kan, Peter; Snyder, Kenneth V.; Hopkins, L. Nelson; Siddiqui, Adnan H.; Levy, Elad I.

    2015-01-01

    Background: The Spetzler–Martin arteriovenous malformation (AVM) grading system has proven to be useful in guiding treatment of cerebral AVMs with craniotomy. It is based on anatomical characteristics each of which makes surgical resection of an AVM more difficult, namely, deep venous drainage, eloquence of surrounding tissue, and large nidus size. A higher score correlates with more complications after treatment. Although this grading system has proven reliable over time, it does not reflect the major determinants of risk associated with endovascular treatment. The authors developed a grading system unique to endovascular treatment of cerebral AVMs. Methods: The proposed grading system accounts for the principal AVM anatomical and physiological features that make endovascular embolization more difficult and, thus, the likelihood of complications greater. These include number of arterial pedicles, diameter of arterial pedicles, and eloquent location of AVM nidus. The proposed grading system was retrospectively applied to 50 patients undergoing endovascular AVM embolization, and its ability to predict complications was compared to the Spetzler–Martin grading system. Results: Perioperative complications among the 50 patients included 4 major and 9 minor complications. The proposed grading system was predictive of complication risk, with an increasing rate of perioperative complications associated with an increasing AVM grade. An improved correlation of perioperative complication incidence was noted with the proposed system (P = 0.002), when compared with the Spetzler–Martin grading system (P = 0.33). Conclusion: This grading system for the endovascular treatment of AVMs is simple, easily reproduced, and clinically valuable. PMID:25657856

  8. A proposed grading system for endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations: Buffalo score.

    PubMed

    Dumont, Travis M; Kan, Peter; Snyder, Kenneth V; Hopkins, L Nelson; Siddiqui, Adnan H; Levy, Elad I

    2015-01-01

    The Spetzler-Martin arteriovenous malformation (AVM) grading system has proven to be useful in guiding treatment of cerebral AVMs with craniotomy. It is based on anatomical characteristics each of which makes surgical resection of an AVM more difficult, namely, deep venous drainage, eloquence of surrounding tissue, and large nidus size. A higher score correlates with more complications after treatment. Although this grading system has proven reliable over time, it does not reflect the major determinants of risk associated with endovascular treatment. The authors developed a grading system unique to endovascular treatment of cerebral AVMs. The proposed grading system accounts for the principal AVM anatomical and physiological features that make endovascular embolization more difficult and, thus, the likelihood of complications greater. These include number of arterial pedicles, diameter of arterial pedicles, and eloquent location of AVM nidus. The proposed grading system was retrospectively applied to 50 patients undergoing endovascular AVM embolization, and its ability to predict complications was compared to the Spetzler-Martin grading system. Perioperative complications among the 50 patients included 4 major and 9 minor complications. The proposed grading system was predictive of complication risk, with an increasing rate of perioperative complications associated with an increasing AVM grade. An improved correlation of perioperative complication incidence was noted with the proposed system (P = 0.002), when compared with the Spetzler-Martin grading system (P = 0.33). This grading system for the endovascular treatment of AVMs is simple, easily reproduced, and clinically valuable.

  9. Combined external counterpulsation and endovascular stenting treatment for symptomatic vertebrobasilar artery stenosis: two case reports.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Li; Chen, Xiang Yan; Leung, Thomas Wai Hong; Wong, Lawrence Ka Sing

    2015-10-01

    Symptomatic vertebrobasilar artery (VBA) stenosis has a poor prognosis. Intravascular stents provide a new therapeutic approach, but the long-term outcome of stenting compared with medical outcome is controversial. External counterpulsation (ECP) is a noninvasive method to improve perfusion of vital organs. We report two cases of this combination with ECP treatment in addition to receiving endovascular stenting. Two patients experienced posterior ischemic stroke. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a severe basilar or vertebral artery stenosis. Computed tomographic perfusion revealed significantly decreased perfusion of posterior artery territories. Both of them underwent combined ECP treatment and endovascular stenting of the stenosed basilar or vertebral artery, without recurrent stroke within 30 days after stenting. The two patients were independent (modified Rankin scale ≤2) at the 12-month follow-up time. Combined ECP treatment and endovascular stent placement may be effective and safe for patients with symptomatic VBA stenosis who failed aggressive medical treatment.

  10. Surgical and endovascular treatment of visceral arteries aneurysms: single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Dalainas, Ilias; Nano, Giovanni; Casana, Renato; Bianchi, Paolo; Stegher, Silvia; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico G

    2006-01-01

    Through a retrospective single-Institution study we report our experience on the treatment of the visceral arteries aneurysms, surgical or endovascular. Between February 1993 and February 2003, 17 patients were admitted to our Institution for treatment of an aneurysm of a visceral artery. In the pre-endovascular period for our Institution (1993-1998), 9 patients have been treated surgically. In the second period (1998-2003), 4 patients were treated surgically; and 4 with an endovascular procedure. Only 1 patient died in the operating room because of the advanced hypovolemic shock (rupture pancreatoduodenal artery aneurysm) that was admitted to the Institution. She was one of the surgically treated patients of the second period. No other complications occurred in the other patients. The endovascular procedures had favorable outcome. Actually, the treatment of choice in our Department is interventistic, preferring endovascular treatment when the clinical and anatomo-morphological conditions are favorable. When the morphologic conditions are not favorable, the surgical reconstruction should respect as much as possible the anatomic location of the lesion.

  11. Hydrocephalus Onset after Microsurgical or Endovascular Treatment for Acute Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Retrospective Italian Multicenter Study

    PubMed Central

    Gangemi, Michelangelo; Cavallo, Luigi Maria; Di Somma, Alberto; Mazzucco, Grazia Marina; Bono, Paolo Sebastiano; Ghetti, Giovanni; Zambon, Giampaolo

    2014-01-01

    Background Chronic shunt-dependent hydrocephalus is a complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Its incidence and risk factors have been described while the hydrocephalus onset in terms of days after treatment (microsurgical or endovascular) has not been yet analyzed. Materials and Methods 45 patients, treated for aSAH in 4 Italian Neurosurgical Departments, were retrospectively analyzed. It was calculated the time that elapses between treatment and hydrocephalus onset in 36 patients. Results Of the 45 shunted patients, 15 (33.3%) were included in the microsurgical group (group A) and 30 (66.6%) were in the endovascular one (group B). There was no difference of the hydrocephalus onset between the two groups (24,1 days, group A vs. 27,7 days, group B). The presence of intracerebral hematoma (ICH) caused a delay in the hydrocephalus onset after endovascular treatment in terms of 11,5 days compared to microsurgical group as well the absence of vasospasm determined a delay of 13,7 days (not statistically significant). Conclusion No difference in terms of hydrocephalus onset after microsurgical or endovascular treatment has been demonstrated. Only the presence of ICH or the absence of vasospasm can cause a slight delay in the time of hydrocephalus onset in the endovascular series (not statistically significant). Long-term follow-up studies involving higher numbers of subjects are needed to better demonstrate this issue. PMID:24809036

  12. Endovascular Treatment of Aneurysms Arising from the Basilar Artery Trunk and Branches

    PubMed Central

    Yu, J.-L.; Wang, H.-L.; Xu, N.; Xu, K.; Wang, B.; Luo, Q.

    2010-01-01

    Summary This study reports our experience with the endovascular treatment of basilar artery (BA) trunk and branch aneurysms. Subjects included 16 patients with BA trunk and branch aneurysms who underwent endovascular treatment in our hospital from October 2000 to October 2009, including four patients with associated arteriovenous malformation (AVM), two with associated moyamoya disease, one with multiple aneurysms at adjacent sites, and one with a distant aneurysm. Endovascular coil embolization, together with stent or balloon assistance when necessary, or while occluding the parent artery was performed. Associated diseases were managed intraoperatively or in the second stage, or treated with gamma knife radiotherapy, or followed up. Two patients with unsuccessful embolization died of re-rupture at the fourth month and fifth month follow-up. The remaining 14 patients reported good outcomes and experienced no re-rupture of either the aneurysm or associated disease. Angiographic follow-ups were conducted for the 14 patients for six to 12 months. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) examination at the last follow-up showed no recurrence of the BA trunk and branch aneurysms. Together, BA trunk and branch aneurysms should be actively managed via endovascular techniques to prevent serious consequences due to aneurysm rupture and bleeding. Favorable outcomes can be obtained by the proper selection of endovascular treatment regimens. PMID:21162767

  13. Endovascular treatment of multiple anomalous splenic artery aneurysms in a Jehovah witness.

    PubMed

    Borioni, R; De Persio, G; Leporace, M; Di Capua, C; Boggi, U; Garofalo, M

    2013-01-01

    The present report describes a full endovascular treatment of a multiple anomalous (Splenic artery aneurysms) SAA with combination of coils embolization and proximal occlusion of the splenic artery with the Amplatzer vascular plug. A 53-year-old Jehovah witness woman presented with multiple aneurysms arising from an anomalous splenic artery. An endovascular treatment was performed by implantation of multiple coils and an Amplatzer Vascular Plug. A CT scan 2 months after the procedure showed complete thrombosis of the aneurysms. Aneurysms involving an anomalous or aberrant splenic artery are rarely reported in the literature. Their surgical treatment involves potential difficulties as a consequence of anatomical position and vascular anomalies. A fully endovascular technique can be much more attractive compared to any surgical management, providing an effective and minimally invasive option.

  14. History, Evolution, and Importance of Emergency Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke.

    PubMed

    Holodinsky, Jessalyn K; Yu, Amy Y X; Assis, Zarina A; Al Sultan, Abdulaziz S; Menon, Bijoy K; Demchuk, Andrew M; Goyal, Mayank; Hill, Michael D

    2016-05-01

    More than 800,000 people in North America suffer a stroke each year, with ischemic stroke making up the majority of these cases. The outcomes of ischemic stroke range from complete functional and cognitive recovery to severe disability and death; outcome is strongly associated with timely reperfusion treatment. Historically, ischemic stroke has been treated with intravenous thrombolytic agents with moderate success. However, five recently published positive trials have established the efficacy of endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke. In this review, we will discuss the history of stroke treatments moving from various intravenous thrombolytic drugs to intra-arterial thrombolysis, early mechanical thrombectomy devices, and finally modern endovascular devices. Early endovascular therapy failures, recent successes, and implications for current ischemic stroke management and future research directions are discussed.

  15. Endovascular Treatment of Bilateral Pulmonary Artery Stenoses and Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in a Patient with Advanced Mediastinal Fibrosis

    PubMed Central

    Kuban, Joshua D.; Ramanathan, Rohit; Whigham, Cliff J.

    2016-01-01

    Vascular stenosis is a relatively uncommon and often fatal sequela of mediastinal fibrosis. There are very few reports in the medical literature of endovascular treatment for concomitant bilateral pulmonary artery stenoses and superior vena cava syndrome. We report the endovascular treatment of these conditions in a 54-year-old man, and the long-term outcome. PMID:27303243

  16. Plague Diagnosis and Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... Search Form Controls Cancel Submit Search the CDC Plague Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported ... message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov . Plague Home Ecology & Transmission Symptoms Diagnosis & Treatment Maps & Statistics ...

  17. PTSD: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature PTSD Symptoms, Diagnosis , Treatment Past Issues / Winter 2009 Table of Contents ... version of this page please turn Javascript on. Symptoms As with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), PTSD ...

  18. Carbon dioxide contrast medium for endovascular treatment of ilio-femoral occlusive disease.

    PubMed

    Mendes, Cynthia de Almeida; Martins, Alexandre de Arruda; Teivelis, Marcelo Passos; Kuzniec, Sergio; Varella, Andrea Yasbek Monteiro; Fioranelli, Alexandre; Wolosker, Nelson

    2015-10-01

    Compare the use of carbon dioxide contrast medium with iodine contrast medium for the endovascular treatment of ilio-femoral occlusive disease in patients without contraindications to iodine. From August 2012 to August 2014, 21 consecutive patients with ilio-femoral occlusive disease who were eligible for endovascular treatment and lacked contraindications to either iodine contrast or carbon dioxide were randomized into the carbon dioxide or iodine groups and subjected to ilio-femoral angioplasty.We analyzed the feasibility of the procedures, the surgical and clinical outcomes, the procedure lengths, the endovascular material costs, the contrast costs and the quality of the angiographic images in each group. No conversions to open surgery and no contrast media related complications were noted in either group. A post-operative femoral pulse was present in 88.9% of the iodine group and 80% of the carbon dioxide group. No differences in procedure length, endovascular material cost or renal function variation were noted between the groups. Four patients in the carbon dioxide group required iodine supplementation to complete the procedure. Contrast media expenses were reduced in the carbon dioxide group. Regarding angiographic image quality, 82% of the carbon dioxide images were graded as either good or fair by observers. The use of carbon dioxide contrast medium is a good option for ilio-femoral angioplasty in patients without contraindications to iodine and is not characterized by differences in endovascular material costs, procedure duration and surgical outcomes. In addition, carbon dioxide has lower contrast expenses compared with iodine.

  19. Endovascular Treatment for Proximal Anastomotic Pseudoaneurysm after Total Arch Replacement in Behcet's Disease.

    PubMed

    Sakata, Tomoki; Ueda, Hideki; Watanabe, Michiko; Kohno, Hiroki; Tamura, Yusaku; Abe, Shinichiro; Inage, Yuichi; Ikeuchi, Hiroki; Kanda, Tomoyoshi; Fujii, Masahiko; Matsumiya, Goro

    2016-07-01

    A 17-year-old patient underwent total arch replacement for aortic arch aneurysm due to vascular Behcet's disease (BD). Follow-up computed tomography, performed 6 months after the operation, demonstrated pseudoaneurysm formation at the proximal anastomotic site. We performed endovascular treatment and used a short stent graft that was originally designed for abdominal aortic aneurysm. To avoid the occlusion of the coronary or brachiocephalic artery (BCA) due to stent graft migration, we used right ventricular rapid pacing and BCA ballooning. Thus, we believe that endovascular treatment can be used for anastomotic complications in the ascending aorta after open surgery for connective tissue disorders including BD.

  20. Endovascular Treatment of Totally Occluded Superior Mesenteric Artery by Retrograde Crossing via the Villemin Arcade

    SciTech Connect

    Ferro, Carlo; Rossi, Umberto G. Seitun, Sara; Bovio, Giulio; Fornaro, Rosario

    2013-06-15

    Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a rare disorder that is commonly caused by progressive atherosclerotic stenosis or occlusion of one or more mesenteric arteries. Endovascular treatment for symptomatic CMI represents a viable option, especially in high-operative risk patients. We report a case of acute symptomatic CMI with chronic totally occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) associated with significant stenosis of celiac trunk (CT) and inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) that underwent endovascular treatment of all the three mesenteric arteries: stenting of CT and IMA stenosis, and recanalization of the SMA occlusion by retrograde crossing via the Villemin arcade.

  1. Drip 'n Ship Versus Mothership for Endovascular Treatment: Modeling the Best Transportation Options for Optimal Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Milne, Matthew S W; Holodinsky, Jessalyn K; Hill, Michael D; Nygren, Anders; Qiu, Chao; Goyal, Mayank; Kamal, Noreen

    2017-03-01

    There is uncertainty regarding the best way for patients outside of endovascular-capable or Comprehensive Stroke Centers (CSC) to access endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke. The role of the nonendovascular-capable Primary Stroke Centers (PSC) that can offer thrombolysis with alteplase but not endovascular treatment is unclear. A key question is whether average benefit is greater with early thrombolysis at the closest PSC before transportation to the CSC (Drip 'n Ship) or with PSC bypass and direct transport to the CSC (Mothership). Ideal transportation options were mapped based on the location of their endovascular-capable CSCs and nonendovascular-capable PSCs. Probability models for endovascular treatment were developed from the ESCAPE trial's (Endovascular Treatment for Small Core and Anterior Circulation Proximal Occlusion With Emphasis on Minimizing CT to Recanalization Times) decay curves and for alteplase treatment were extracted from the Get With The Guidelines decay curve. The time on-scene, needle-to-door-out time at the PSC, door-to-needle time at the CSC, and door-to-reperfusion time were assumed constant at 25, 20, 30, and 115 minutes, respectively. Emergency medical services transportation times were calculated using Google's Distance Matrix Application Programming Interface interfaced with MATLAB's Mapping Toolbox to create map visualizations. Maps were generated for multiple onset-to-first medical response times and door-to-needle times at the PSCs of 30, 60, and 90. These figures demonstrate the transportation option that yields the better modeled outcome in specific regions. The probability of good outcome is shown. Drip 'n Ship demonstrates that a PSC that is in close proximity to a CSC remains significant only when the PSC is able to achieve a door-to-needle time of ≤30 minutes when the CSC is also efficient. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  2. Somnambulism: Diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Bharadwaj, Rahul; Kumar, Suresh

    2007-04-01

    Somnambulism is an arousal disorder that is usually benign, self-limited and only infrequently requires treatment. Chronic sleepwalking in children has been shown to be associated with behavioral problems and poor emotional regulation. Most cases can be diagnosed with careful noting of case history and epilepsy is an important differential diagnosis. Management with pharmacological and behavioural measures is usually safe and effective. We present two cases of somnambulism that highlight the importance of the diagnosis and treatment of this condition.

  3. Long-Term Follow-Up After Endovascular Treatment of Acute Aortic Emergencies

    SciTech Connect

    Pitton, M. B. Herber, S.; Schmiedt, W.; Neufang, A.; Dorweiler, B.; Dueber, C.

    2008-01-15

    Purpose. To investigate the long-term outcome and efficacy of emergency treatment of acute aortic diseases with endovascular stent-grafts. Methods. From September 1995 to April 2007, 37 patients (21 men, 16 women; age 53.9 {+-} 19.2 years, range 18-85 years) with acute complications of diseases of the descending thoracic aorta were treated by endovascular stent-grafts: traumatic aortic ruptures (n = 9), aortobronchial fistulas due to penetrating ulcer or hematothorax (n = 6), acute type B dissections with aortic wall hematoma, penetration, or ischemia (n = 13), and symptomatic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta (n = 9) with pain, penetration, or rupture. Diagnosis was confirmed by contrast-enhanced CT. Multiplanar reformations were used for measurement of the landing zones of the stent-grafts. Stent-grafts were inserted via femoral or iliac cut-down. Two procedures required aortofemoral bypass grafting prior to stent-grafting due to extensive arteriosclerotic stenosis of the iliac arteries. In this case the bypass graft was used for introduction of the stent-graft. Results. A total of 46 stent-grafts were implanted: Vanguard/Stentor (n = 4), Talent (n = 31), and Valiant (n = 11). Stent-graft extension was necessary in 7 cases. In 3 cases primary graft extension was done during the initial procedure (in 1 case due to distal migration of the graft during stent release, in 2 cases due to the total length of the aortic aneurysm). In 4 cases secondary graft extensions were performed-for new aortic ulcers at the proximal stent struts (after 5 days) and distal to the graft (after 8 months) and recurrent aortobronchial fistulas 5 months and 9 years after the initial procedure-resulting in a total of 41 endovascular procedures. The 30-day mortality rate was 8% (3 of 37) and the overall follow-up was 29.9 {+-} 36.6 months (range 0-139 months). All patients with traumatic ruptures demonstrated an immediate sealing of bleeding. Patients with aortobronchial fistulas also

  4. Endovascular treatment of iliac occlusive disease: review and update.

    PubMed

    Mousa, Albeir Y; Beauford, Robert B; Flores, Lucio; Faries, Peter L; Patel, Prem; Fogler, Richard

    2007-01-01

    Use of endovascular interventions for arterial occlusive lesions continues to increase. With the evolution of the technology supporting these therapeutic measures, the results of these interventions continue to improve. In general, a comparison of techniques for revascularization of iliac occlusive diseases shows similar initial technical success rates for open versus percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Angioplasty is often associated with lower periprocedural morbidity and mortality rates. Conversely, surgery frequently provides greater long-term patency, although late failure of percutaneous therapies may occur but still can be treated successfully with reintervention. The perpetual buildup of experience with angioplasty and stenting will eventually characterize its role in the management of occlusive disease. This review outlines the current consensus and applicability of endovascular management of iliac occlusive diseases.

  5. Advanced Age and Disease Predict Lack of Symptomatic Improvement after Endovascular Iliac Treatment in Male Veterans

    PubMed Central

    Assi, Roland; Brownson, Kirstyn E.; Hall, Michael R.; Kuwahara, Go; Vasilas, Penny; Dardik, Alan

    2015-01-01

    Background: Endovascular angioplasty and stent placement is currently the most frequent treatment for iliac artery occlusive disease. However, despite a successful endovascular procedure, some patients do not experience symptomatic improvement and satisfaction with their care. This study seeks to identify patient-related factors associated with lack of symptomatic improvement after endovascular iliac artery treatment in male veterans. Methods: Retrospective review of patients treated with endovascular methods for iliac artery occlusive disease between January 2008 and July 2012 at VA Connecticut Healthcare System. Symptomatic improvement on the first post-operative visit was evaluated, with bilateral treatments counted separately. Results: Sixty-two patients had 91 iliac arteries treated with angioplasty and stent placement. Forty-seven (52 percent) legs had critical limb ischemia, and 77 (85 percent) had at least two-vessel distal runoff. Angiographic success was 100 percent. Patient-reported symptomatic improvement at the first post-operative visit was 55 percent (50/91). Lack of symptomatic improvement correlated with older age (OR 1.09 [1.03-1.17], p = 0.008), presence of critical limb ischemia (OR 3.03 [1.09-8.65], p = 0.034), and need for additional surgical intervention (OR 5.61 [1.65-17.36], p = 0.006). Survival, primary and secondary patency, and freedom from restenosis were comparable between patients who reported symptomatic improvement and those who did not. Conclusions: Despite angiographically successful revascularization, patients who are older or have critical limb ischemia who are treated with isolated endovascular iliac artery intervention are more likely to require additional interventions and less likely to experience symptomatic improvement. These patients may need more extensive infra-inguinal revascularization than isolated iliac angioplasty and stent placement, despite a preserved ankle-brachial index. Quality of life needs to be measured

  6. Endovascular Treatment of Extracranial Internal Carotid Aneurysms Using Endografts

    SciTech Connect

    Baldi, Sebastian Rostagno, Roman D.; Zander, Tobias; Llorens, Rafael; Schonholz, Claudio; Maynar, Manuel

    2008-03-15

    Aneurysms of the extracranial internal carotid artery (EICA) are infrequent. They are difficult to treat with conventional surgery because of their distal extension into the skull base. We report three cases of EICA aneurysms in two symptomatic patients successfully treated with polytetrafluoroethylene self-expanding endografts using an endovascular approach. The aneurysms were located distal to the carotid bifurcation and extended to the subpetrous portion of the internal carotid artery.

  7. Emergency Endovascular 'Bridge' Treatment for Iliac-Enteric Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Franchin, Marco; Tozzi, Matteo; Piffaretti, Gabriele; Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Castelli, Patrizio

    2011-10-15

    Aortic aneurysm has been reported to be the dominant cause of primary iliac-enteric fistula (IEF) in >70% of cases [1]; other less common causes of primary IEF include peptic ulcer, primary aortitis, pancreatic pseudocyst, or neoplastic erosion into an adjacent artery [2, 3]. We describe an unusual case of IEF managed with a staged approach using an endovascular stent-graft as a 'bridge' in the emergency setting to optimize the next elective definitive excision of the lesion.

  8. Combined endovascular treatment of aorto-oesophageal fistula with mediastinitis

    PubMed Central

    Berna, Pascal; Pequignot, Aurélien; De Temmerman, Pierre; De Dominicis, Florence

    2013-01-01

    False aortic aneurysm is an uncommon complication after oesophageal perforation and results in a high rate of mortality. A 63-year-old patient presented with acute chest pain. Biochemical tests (cardiac enzymes) and electrocardiogram were normal. A thoracic and abdominal CT scan was performed, and showed a foreign body in the posterior mediastinum, with mediastinal cellulitis and a false aortic aneurysm. Surgical endovascular management was performed, with stenting of the thoracic aorta and oesophageal exploration. PMID:23042800

  9. Endovascular Treatment of Acute and Chronic Thoracic Aortic Injury

    SciTech Connect

    Raupach, Jan Ferko, Alexander; Lojik, Miroslav; Krajina, Antonin; Harrer, Jan; Dominik, Jan

    2007-11-15

    Our aim is to present midterm results after endovascular repair of acute and chronic blunt aortic injury. Between December 1999 and December 2005, 13 patients were endovascularly treated for blunt aortic injury. Ten patients, 8 men and 2 women, mean age 38.7 years, were treated for acute traumatic injury in the isthmus region of thoracic aorta. Stent-graftings were performed between the fifth hour and the sixth day after injury. Three patients (all males; mean age, 66 years; range, 59-71 years) were treated due to the presence of symptoms of chronic posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm of the thoracic aorta (mean time after injury, 29.4 years, range, 28-32). Fifteen stent-grafts were implanted in 13 patients. In the group with acute aortic injury one patient died due to failure of endovascular technique. Lower leg paraparesis appeared in one patient; the other eight patients were regularly followed up (1-72 months; mean, 35.6 months), without complications. In the group with posttraumatic pseudoaneurysms all three patients are alive. One patient suffered postoperatively from upper arm claudication, which was treated by carotidosubclavian bypass. We conclude that the endoluminal technique can be used successfully in the acute repair of aortic trauma and its consequences. Midterm results are satisfactory, with a low incidence of neurologic complications.

  10. Endovascular treatment of penetrating traumatic injuries of the extracranial carotid artery.

    PubMed

    Herrera, Diego A; Vargas, Sergio A; Dublin, Arthur B

    2011-01-01

    To describe the clinical and angiographic results of endovascular therapy for traumatic injuries of the extracranial carotid artery. The clinical and angiographic features of 36 traumatic injuries of the carotid artery during a 12-year period were reviewed. There were 35 male patients (97.2%) and 1 female patient (2.8%) with an average age of 28.8 years (range 13-60 years). Of the 36 lesions of the carotid artery, 29 (80.6%) were the result of gunshot injury, and 7 (19.4%) were secondary to stab wounds. In 24 (66.7%) instances, the injury resulted in a pseudoaneurysm; in 7 (19.4%), in an arteriovenous fistula (AVF); in 4 (11.1%), in a dissection; and in 1 (2.8%), in inactive bleeding. All patients were treated with an endovascular approach using different techniques (balloon occlusion, embolization, or stent deployment). Endovascular therapy resulted in documented lesion occlusion in 34 (94.4%) patients. Two patients declined any follow-up postprocedural imaging; however, they have remained asymptomatic. Clinical improvement was documented in 35 (97.2%) patients, and there was one procedure-related complication with fatal consequences. In this series, endovascular techniques were an effective method of treatment. It was possible to use different endovascular reconstructive techniques or parent artery occlusion depending on the degree of vessel damage, with resolution of clinical symptoms and avoidance of surgery in most cases. Copyright © 2011 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Endovascular Treatment of Proximal Aortic Arch Lesions through a Retrograde Approach

    PubMed Central

    Samaniego, Edgar A.; Katzen, Barry T.; Kreusch, Andreas S.; Uthoff, Heiko

    2015-01-01

    Tandem atherosclerotic lesions of the carotid bifurcation and the ipsilateral proximal common carotid artery (CCA) or innominate arteries (IA) can be challenging to treat. A surgical approach may treat the lesion at the carotid bifurcation, but proximal CCA or IA lesions require a major surgical exposure. An endovascular approach is challenging as well since anatomic variations, such as a type III aortic arch, can render navigation very difficult. We report our experience in the hybrid surgical and endovascular treatment of complex proximal CCA and IA lesions. Eleven patients who underwent hybrid procedures with surgical exposure (with or without endarterectomy) of the carotid artery and retrograde endovascular intervention of a proximal lesion were included in the study. The mean percentage of stenosis was 81%. Seven patients underwent a carotid endarterectomy (CEA), and 4 patients underwent only a surgical cutdown for retrograde endovascular access of the IA or left CCA. All procedures were technically successful. Eight patients had no symptoms within 30 days of the procedure. The hybrid retrograde endovascular approach through carotid exposure with or without CEA appears to be effective and safe in selected patients who have a high-risk complex anatomy of tandem lesions. PMID:25999991

  12. Endovascular Treatment of Medically Refractory Cerebral Vasospasm Following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    PubMed Central

    Jun, P.; Ko, N.U.; English, J.D.; Dowd, C.F.; Halbach, V.V.; Higashida, R.T.; Lawton, M.T.; Hetts, S.W.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CV following aneurysmal SAH is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. We review our experiences using PTA and IA verapamil infusion for treating medically refractory cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a retrospective review of patients with SAH admitted from July 2003 to January 2008. RESULTS Of 546 patients admitted within 72 hours of symptom onset, 231 patients (42%) developed symptomatic CV and 189 patients (35%) required endovascular therapy. A total of 346 endovascular sessions were performed consisting of 1 single angioplasty, 286 IA verapamil infusions, and 59 combined treatments. PTA was performed on 151 vessel segments, and IA verapamil was infused in 720 vessel segments. IA verapamil doses ranged from 2.0 to 30.0 mg per vessel segment and from 3.0 to 55.0 mg per treatment session. Repeat treatments were necessary in 102 patients (54%) for persistent, recurrent, or worsening CV. There were 6 treatment-related complications, of which 2 resulted in clinical worsening. No deaths were attributable to endovascular therapy. At follow-up, 115 patients (61%) had a good outcome and 55 patients (29%) had a poor outcome. Sixteen patients died from causes related to SAH, while 3 died from other medical complications. CONCLUSIONS Endovascular treatments are an integral part of managing patients with medically refractory CV. In our experience, PTA and IA verapamil are safe, with a low complication rate, but further studies are required to determine appropriate patient selection and treatment efficacy. PMID:20616179

  13. Spanning from the West to East: An Updated Review on Endovascular Treatment of Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease

    PubMed Central

    Hussain, Mohammed; Datta, Neil; Cheng, Zhe; Dornbos, David; Bashir, Asif; Sultan, Ibrahim; Mehta, Tapan; Shweikeh, Faris; Mazaris, Paul; Lee, Nora; Nouh, Amre; Geng, Xiaokun; Ding, Yuchuan

    2017-01-01

    Ischemic stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, incurring significant cost. Intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) accounts for 10-15% of ischemic stroke in Western societies, but is an underlying pathology in up to 54% of ischemic strokes in Asian populations. ICAD has largely been treated with medical management, although a few studies have examined outcomes following endovascular treatment. Our objective was to summarize the major trials that have been performed thus far in regard to the endovascular treatment of ICAD and to provide direction for future management of this disease process. Systematic review of the literature from 1966 to 2015, was conducted in regard to intracranial angioplasty and stenting. Studies were analyzed from PubMed, American Heart Association and Society of Neurointerventional Surgery databases. SAMMPRIS and VISSIT are the only randomized controlled trials from which Western guidelines of intracranial stenting have been derived, which have displayed the superiority of medical management. However, pooled reviews of smaller studies and other nonrandomized trials have shown better outcomes with endovascular therapy in select patient subsets, such as intracranial vertebrobasilar stenosis or in the presence of robust collaterals. Suboptimal cases, including longer lesions, bifurcations and significant tortuosity tend to fair better with medical management. Medical management has been shown to be more efficacious with less adverse outcomes than endovascular therapy. However, the majority of studies on endovascular management included a diverse patient population without ideal selection criteria, resulting in higher adverse outcomes. Population analyses and selective utilization of endovascular therapy have shown that the treatment may be superior to other management in select patients. PMID:28400985

  14. Spanning from the West to East: An Updated Review on Endovascular Treatment of Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease.

    PubMed

    Hussain, Mohammed; Datta, Neil; Cheng, Zhe; Dornbos, David; Bashir, Asif; Sultan, Ibrahim; Mehta, Tapan; Shweikeh, Faris; Mazaris, Paul; Lee, Nora; Nouh, Amre; Geng, Xiaokun; Ding, Yuchuan

    2017-04-01

    Ischemic stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, incurring significant cost. Intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) accounts for 10-15% of ischemic stroke in Western societies, but is an underlying pathology in up to 54% of ischemic strokes in Asian populations. ICAD has largely been treated with medical management, although a few studies have examined outcomes following endovascular treatment. Our objective was to summarize the major trials that have been performed thus far in regard to the endovascular treatment of ICAD and to provide direction for future management of this disease process. Systematic review of the literature from 1966 to 2015, was conducted in regard to intracranial angioplasty and stenting. Studies were analyzed from PubMed, American Heart Association and Society of Neurointerventional Surgery databases. SAMMPRIS and VISSIT are the only randomized controlled trials from which Western guidelines of intracranial stenting have been derived, which have displayed the superiority of medical management. However, pooled reviews of smaller studies and other nonrandomized trials have shown better outcomes with endovascular therapy in select patient subsets, such as intracranial vertebrobasilar stenosis or in the presence of robust collaterals. Suboptimal cases, including longer lesions, bifurcations and significant tortuosity tend to fair better with medical management. Medical management has been shown to be more efficacious with less adverse outcomes than endovascular therapy. However, the majority of studies on endovascular management included a diverse patient population without ideal selection criteria, resulting in higher adverse outcomes. Population analyses and selective utilization of endovascular therapy have shown that the treatment may be superior to other management in select patients.

  15. Telescoping Dual Covered Stent Graft Construct for Endovascular Treatment of a Giant Extracranial Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Ding, Dale; Starke, Robert M.; Moriarty, Maurice; Brew, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    Large pseudoaneurysms which compress the parent vessel are challenging lesions to successfully treat with endovascular therapy. We describe the endovascular treatment of a giant extracranial carotid artery (ECCA) pseudoaneurysm resulting in substantial mass effect on the common carotid artery (CCA) bifurcation using a telescoping dual covered stent graft construct. A 56-year-old male was diagnosed with an 8.5 cm × 13 cm pseudoaneurysm arising from the left CCA bifurcation, which was causing luminal narrowing of the CCA and proximal internal carotid artery (ICA). The patient underwent endovascular intervention, during which a balloon-expandable covered stent was deployed within a heparin-bonded covered stent, such that the overall construct spanned from the CCA to the lower cervical ICA. The employment of a telescoping dual covered stent technique can successfully treat appropriately selected patients with large or giant ECCA pseudoaneurysms, with the concomitant goals of excluding the pseudoaneurysm and restoring the luminal caliber of the parent artery. PMID:28163519

  16. Telescoping Dual Covered Stent Graft Construct for Endovascular Treatment of a Giant Extracranial Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm.

    PubMed

    Ding, Dale; Starke, Robert M; Moriarty, Maurice; Brew, Stefan

    2016-12-01

    Large pseudoaneurysms which compress the parent vessel are challenging lesions to successfully treat with endovascular therapy. We describe the endovascular treatment of a giant extracranial carotid artery (ECCA) pseudoaneurysm resulting in substantial mass effect on the common carotid artery (CCA) bifurcation using a telescoping dual covered stent graft construct. A 56-year-old male was diagnosed with an 8.5 cm × 13 cm pseudoaneurysm arising from the left CCA bifurcation, which was causing luminal narrowing of the CCA and proximal internal carotid artery (ICA). The patient underwent endovascular intervention, during which a balloon-expandable covered stent was deployed within a heparin-bonded covered stent, such that the overall construct spanned from the CCA to the lower cervical ICA. The employment of a telescoping dual covered stent technique can successfully treat appropriately selected patients with large or giant ECCA pseudoaneurysms, with the concomitant goals of excluding the pseudoaneurysm and restoring the luminal caliber of the parent artery.

  17. Rescue Therapy of Inadvertent Coil Migration for Endovascular Treatment of Type II Endoleak

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Kanghaeng; Park, Hyung Sub; Lee, Taeseung

    2016-01-01

    Coil migration during endovascular procedures is not an unusual complication, but there is no standard management strategy for bailout. Here, we describe a technique for removal of a migrated coil using a snare. During embolization of type II endoleak from the inferior mesenteric artery in a post-endovascular aneurysm repair patient, the coil migrated to the sigmoidal artery causing an occlusion. We used a microsnare loop and successfully retrieved the migrated coil. This is the first case in Korea that uses a loop snare for the removal of a migrated coil during visceral endovascular treatment to our knowledge. This technique of using a microsnare for removal of displaced coils can be a good resort in selected cases. PMID:27051657

  18. Outcomes of endovascular occlusion and stenting in the treatment of carotid blowout.

    PubMed

    Brinjikji, Waleed; Cloft, Harry J

    2015-08-01

    Carotid blowout is a life threatening complication of invasive head and neck cancers and their treatments. This is commonly treated with endovascular embolization and carotid stenting. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we report the immediate clinical results of patients receiving embolization and/or stenting for treatment of carotid blowout associated with head and neck cancer. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the period 2003-2011, we defined carotid blowout patients as those with head and neck malignancies receiving carotid stenting and/or endovascular embolization without open surgery. Outcomes studied included mortality, acute ischemic stroke, hemiplegia/paresis, and other post-operative neurologic complications. Outcomes for the endovascular embolization and carotid stenting group were compared. A total of 1218 patients underwent endovascular treatment for carotid blowout. Of these, 1080 patients (88.6%) underwent embolization procedures and 138 patients (11.4%) underwent carotid stenting. The mortality rate of endovascular embolization patients was similar to that of carotid stenting patients (8.0%, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 6.5%-9.7% versus 10.2%, 95% CI=6.0%-16.4%, p = 0.36). Stroke rate was similar between embolization patients and stenting patients (2.3%, 95% CI=1.6%-3.4% vs. 3.4%, 95% CI=1.3%-8.4%, p = 0.43). Hemiplegia rates were significantly higher rate in stenting patients compared with endovascular occlusion patients (3.8%, 95% CI=1.3%-8.4% vs. 1.4%, 95% CI=1.4%-2.4%, p = 0.05). The rate of post-operative neurologic complications was higher in stenting patients compared with embolization patients (6.5%, 95% CI=3.3%-12.1% vs. 1.4%, 95% CI=0.9%-2.4%, p < 0.0001). Given the natural history of carotid blowout, carotid stenting and endovascular embolization are acceptable means of treating this disease. Endovascular embolization remains the most common treatment among patients with head and neck cancers with lower

  19. Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullis, Thomas

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment planning for individuals with substance abuse problems. The intent is to provide information to professional counselors in school, rehabilitation, school psychology, social work, public mental health, and private treatment settings. Information to be…

  20. Technical strategy in endovascular treatment of proximal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Chang, Hyuk Won; Youn, Sung Won; Jung, Cheolkyu; Kang, Hyun-Seung; Sohn, Chul Ho; Kwon, Bae Ju; Han, Moon Hee

    2011-02-01

    There have been few reports on the endovascular treatment of aneurysms arising from A1 due to their rarity. We report the angiographic results, clinical outcomes, and technical aspects of endovascular treatment for 13 A1 aneurysms in 12 patients. From January 2002 to November 2007, 12 patients (9 females and 3 males) with 13 A1 aneurysms underwent endovascular treatment. Three of these patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage, and 10 unruptured aneurysms were detected in 9 patients. All of the aneurysms were successfully treated with coil embolization. Most of the aneurysms projected posteriorly (61.5%) and were located in the proximal A1 segment (69.2%). Procedural, clinical, and radiological follow-up data were reviewed. Procedure-related complications occurred in 3 patients (25%) and included 1 non-leaking aneurysmal perforation and 2 thromboembolic events; none of them were clinically significant. No bleeding or rebleeding occurred during the follow-up period in this cohort of patients. Endovascular coil embolization is an effective treatment modality for A1 aneurysms. Tailored microcatheter shaping according to aneurysm projection and location is necessary. Long-term follow-up studies involving a larger number of patients and further comparisons with surgical data are needed.

  1. Risk of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients undergoing endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Jitendra; Nanda, Ashish; Jung, Richard S; Mehta, Sonal; Pooria, Javad; Hsu, Daniel P

    2013-11-01

    We report the incidence and risk factors for contrast-induced nephropathy after the use of iodinated contrast for endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke. A retrospective chart review was performed in 194 consecutive patients who underwent endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke between January 2006 and January 2011. No patients were excluded from treatment for elevated creatinine (Cr). Each patient received approximately 150 ml intra-arterial non-ionic low-osmolar contrast agent (Optiray 320) during the endovascular procedure. Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) was defined according to the Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria as a relative increase of serum Cr 50% above the baseline or an absolute increase of 0.3 mg/dl at 48 h following the endovascular procedure. Of 194 patients (mean age 65 ± 14 years), 52% were women (n=100) and 25% (n=48) were diabetic. Baseline Cr levels for 191 patients ranged between 0.4 and 2.7 mg/dl. Three patients on chronic hemodialysis had baseline Cr levels ranging between 5.3 and 6.1 mg/dl. Cr was ≤ 1.5 mg/dl in 163 patients (84%) and ≥ 1.5 mg/dl in 31 (16%). Three of the 191 patients (1.5%) developed CIN as noted from Cr measurements between baseline and within 48 h. One patient who developed an elevated Cr level had a known history of chronic renal insufficiency (Cr > 1.5 mg/dl) and two had baseline Cr levels within the normal range. An additional CT angiogram was obtained in 44 patients, none of which developed CIN. Female gender and diabetes were not associated with a higher risk of developing CIN. The risk of developing CIN is low among patients with acute stroke who undergo emergency endovascular treatment. Treatment of acute stroke should be performed irrespective of Cr levels.

  2. Predictors for Symptomatic Intracranial Hemorrhage After Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke.

    PubMed

    Hao, Yonggang; Yang, Dong; Wang, Huaiming; Zi, Wenjie; Zhang, Meng; Geng, Yu; Zhou, Zhiming; Wang, Wei; Xu, Haowen; Tian, Xiguang; Lv, Penghua; Liu, Yuxiu; Xiong, Yunyun; Liu, Xinfeng; Xu, Gelin

    2017-05-01

    Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) pose a major safety concern for endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the risk and related factors of SICH after endovascular treatment in a real-world practice. Patients with stroke treated with stent-like retrievers for recanalizing a blocked artery in anterior circulation were enrolled from 21 stroke centers in China. Intracranial hemorrhage was classified as symptomatic and asymptomatic ones according to Heidelberg Bleeding Classification. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors for SICH. Of the 632 enrolled patients, 101 (16.0%) were diagnosed with SICH within 72 hours after endovascular treatment. Ninety-day mortality was higher in patients with SICH than in patients without SICH (65.3% versus 18.8%; P<0.001). On multivariate analysis, baseline neutrophil ratio >0.83 (odds ratio [OR], 2.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24-3.46), pretreatment Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score of <6 (OR, 2.27; 95% CI, 1.24-4.14), stroke of cardioembolism type (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.13-3.25), poor collateral circulation (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.16-3.36), delay from symptoms onset to groin puncture >270 minutes (OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.03-2.80), >3 passes with retriever (OR, 2.55; 95% CI, 1.40-4.65) were associated with SICH after endovascular treatment. Incidence of SICH after thrombectomy is higher in Asian patients with acute ischemic stroke. Cardioembolic stroke, poor collateral circulation, delayed endovascular treatment, multiple passes with stent retriever device, lower pretreatment Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score, higher baseline neutrophil ratio may increase the risk of SICH. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  3. Enhancing brain lesions after endovascular treatment of aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Cruz, J P; Marotta, T; O'Kelly, C; Holtmannspötter, M; Saliou, G; Willinsky, R; Krings, T; Agid, R

    2014-10-01

    Complications of endovascular therapy of aneurysms mainly include aneurysm rupture and thromboembolic events. The widespread use of MR imaging for follow-up of these patients revealed various nonvascular complications such as aseptic meningitis, hydrocephalus, and perianeurysmal brain edema. We present 7 patients from 5 different institutions that developed MR imaging-enhancing brain lesions after endovascular therapy of aneurysms, detected after a median time of 63 days. The number of lesions ranged from 4-46 (median of 10.5), sized 2-20 mm, and were mostly in the same vascular territory used for access. Three patients presented with symptoms attributable to these lesions. After a median follow-up of 21.5 months, the number of lesions increased in 2, was stable in 1, decreased in 3, and disappeared in 1. The imaging and clinical characteristics suggested a foreign body reaction. We could find no correlation to a specific device, but a possible source may be the generic hydrophilic coating.

  4. The Impact of Endovascular Treatment on Isolated Iliac Artery Aneurysm Treatment and Mortality

    PubMed Central

    Buck, Dominique B.; Bensley, Rodney P.; Darling, Jeremy; Curran, Thomas; McCallum, John C.; Moll, Frans L.; van Herwaarden, Joost A.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Isolated Iliac artery aneurysms are rare, but potentially fatal. The impact of recent trends in the utilization of endovascular iliac aneurysm repair (EVIR) on isolated iliac artery aneurysm-associated mortality is unknown. Methods We identified all patients with a primary diagnosis of iliac artery aneurysm in the NIS from 1988 to 2011. We examined trends in management (open vs. EVIR, elective and urgent) and overall isolated iliac artery aneurysm related deaths (with or without repair). We compared in-hospital mortality and complications for the subgroup of patients undergoing elective open and EVIR from 2000-2011. Results We identified 33,161 patients undergoing isolated iliac artery aneurysm repair from 1988-2011: of which there were 9,016 EVIR and 4,933 open elective repairs from 2000-2011. Total repairs increased after introduction of EVIR from 28 to 71 per 10M US population (P<.001). EVIR surpassed open repair in 2003. Total isolated iliac artery aneurysm-related deaths, due to rupture or elective repair, decreased after the introduction of EVIR (4.4 to 2.3 per 10M US population, P<.001). However, urgent admissions have not decreased over this time period (15 to 15 procedures per 10M US population, P=0.30). Among elective repairs after 2000, EVIR patients were older (72.4 vs. 69.4 years, P=0.002) and were more likely to have a history of prior MI (14.0% vs. 11.3%, P<.001) and renal failure (7.2% vs. 3.6%, P<.001). Open repair had significantly higher in-hospital mortality (1.8% vs. 0.5%, P<0.001) and complications (17.9% vs. 6.7%, P<0.001), and a longer length of stay (6.7 vs. 2.3 days, P<0.001). Conclusions Treatment of isolated iliac artery aneurysm has increased since the introduction of EVIR and is associated with lower perioperative mortality, despite a higher burden of comorbid illness. Decreasing iliac artery aneurysm-attributable in-hospital deaths are likely related primarily to lower elective mortality with EVIR rather than rupture

  5. Choosing a Hyperacute Stroke Imaging Protocol for Proper Patient Selection and Time Efficient Endovascular Treatment: Lessons from Recent Trials

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jin Soo; Demchuk, Andrew M.

    2015-01-01

    Recently, several prospective randomized control trials regarding endovascular treatment for patients with intracranial large artery occlusions causing acute ischemic stroke have been successfully reported. Effort to minimize time delays to endovascular treatment, patient selection and the use of retrievable stent were important factors for the success of these trials. The inclusion and exclusion criteria for each of these trials did include differences in imaging protocols. In this review, we focus on the importance of baseline non-invasive angiography prior to deciding endovascular treatment. Then imaging protocols are described for each trial according to measurement of infarct volume and collateral grading. PMID:26437989

  6. [Endovascular treatment in acute ischaemic stroke. A stroke care plan for the region of Madrid].

    PubMed

    Alonso de Leciñana, M; Díaz-Guzmán, J; Egido, J A; García Pastor, A; Martínez-Sánchez, P; Vivancos, J; Díez-Tejedor, E

    2013-09-01

    Endovascular therapies (intra-arterial thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy) after acute ischaemic stroke are being implemented in the clinical setting even as they are still being researched. Since we lack sufficient data to establish accurate evidence-based recommendations for use of these treatments, we must develop clinical protocols based on current knowledge and carefully monitor all procedures. After review of the literature and holding work sessions to reach a consensus among experts, we developed a clinical protocol including indications and contraindications for endovascular therapies use in acute ischaemic stroke. The protocol includes methodology recommendations for diagnosing and selecting patients, performing revascularisation procedures, and for subsequent patient management. Its objective is to increase the likelihood of efficacy and treatment benefit and minimise risk of complications and ineffective recanalisation. Based on an analysis of healthcare needs and available resources, a cooperative inter-hospital care system has been developed. This helps to ensure availability of endovascular therapies to all patients, a fast response time, and a good cost-to-efficacy ratio. It includes also a prospective register which serves to monitor procedures in order to identify any opportunities for improvement. Implementation of endovascular techniques for treating acute ischaemic stroke requires the elaboration of evidence-based clinical protocols and the establishment of appropriate cooperative healthcare networks guaranteeing both the availability and the quality of these actions. Such procedures must be monitored in order to improve methodology. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  7. [Urticaria: diagnosis and treatment].

    PubMed

    Soria, A; Francès, C

    2014-09-01

    Urticaria is a common inflammatory skin disease. It is clinically defined as the occurrence of transient papular skin and/or mucosal lesions or subcutaneous lesions called angioedema. Chronic urticaria is defined as a clinical course over more than 6weeks. Different clinical forms of urticaria can coexist in the same patient. Urticaria results of mast cell activation. The diagnosis of urticaria is based on clinical examination. An allergic etiology for acute urticaria, although rare, is always to find and remove. Chronic urticaria is not allergic. Diagnosis is based on questioning and a careful clinical examination to rule out differential diagnoses. Few diagnostic tests are necessary for diagnosis and management, and are especially useful in case of doubtful diagnosis. The treatment of urticaria is symptomatic and based on anti-H1 second generation antihistamines as first-line therapy. In some chronic urticarial, antihistamines up dosing may be necessary. In the majority of patients, this treatment is sufficient to control chronic urticaria. In case of antihistamines failure, other treatment particularly immunomodulatory treatments can be offered in specialized departments.

  8. Endovascular treatment of intracranial infectious aneurysms in eloquent cortex with super-selective provocative testing: Case series and literature review.

    PubMed

    Fusco, Matthew R; Stapleton, Christopher J; Griessenauer, Christoph J; Thomas, Ajith J; Ogilvy, Christopher S

    2016-04-01

    Intracranial infectious aneurysms (IIAs) are a rare subgroup of intracranial aneurysms. Often erroneously termed mycotic aneurysms, these lesions most often result from infectious endocarditis and involve the distal anterior cortical circulation. Diagnosis typically follows headaches or septic infarcts, although increasing numbers of lesions are found incidentally, during screening protocols for infectious endocarditis. Open surgical treatment was previously the mainstay of treatment; however, these IIAs are often fusiform and quite fragile, making open surgical obliteration difficult and typically requiring lesion trapping. Current treatment techniques more commonly involve endovascular coil embolization or parent vessel occlusion. Many of these lesions occur distally, in or around the eloquent cortex, making embolization potentially dangerous. We present cases that highlight the use of super-selective provocative testing with sodium amobarbital and lidocaine, to help clarify and predict the risk of parent vessel occlusion in IIAs located in the eloquent cortex.

  9. [Successful treatment of secondary aortoesophageal fistula after thoracic endovascular aortic repair].

    PubMed

    Engelhardt, H; Paul, A; Niebel, W; Dechêne, A; Przyborek, M; Tsagakis, K; Kühl, H; Jakob, H; Erbel, R; Eggebrecht, H

    2010-10-01

    HISTORY AND CLINICAL SYMPTOMS: A 58-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with acute chest pain and subfebrile temperatures. Two years ago, endovascular aortic stent-graft placement had been performed for acute type B aortic dissection complicated by malperfusion syndrome. CT angiography showed a discrete soft-tissue attenuation mass between the aorta and esophagus. The patient developed progressive swallow disorder and esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy demonstrated deep esophageal ulcerations at the level of the implanted aortic stent-graft. Intravenous treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics was started. The FDG-PET/CT scan showed increased FDG uptake and air entrapment in the affected region establishing the diagnosis of aortoesophageal fistula formation. Given the generally poor condition of the patient and the high risk of any aggressive surgical intervention, a new limited surgical approach was chosen consisting of open transthoracic esophageal resection, blind closure of the stomach and cervical esophagostomy. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube was placed. After three months, esophageal continuity was restored by retrosternal colon interposition. The presented therapeutic management resulted in a full recovery of the patient. Aortoesophageal fistula is a rare complication of thoracic aortic stent-graft placement. Patient may present with unspecific symptoms such as fever and rised inflammatory markers, but may also present with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The herein presented limited therapy with esophageal resection represents a promising to the otherwise difficult therapy of aortoesophageal fistula. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  10. Endovascular strategies for treatment of embolizing thoracoabdominal aortic lesions

    PubMed Central

    Jeyabalan, Geetha; Wallace, Justin R.; Chaer, Rabih Antoine; Leers, Steven A.; Marone, Luke Keith; Makaroun, Michel S.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Aortic sources of peripheral and visceral embolization remain challenging to treat. The safety of stent graft coverage continues to be debated. This study reports the outcomes of stent coverage of these complex lesions. Methods Hospital records were retrospectively reviewed for patients undergoing aortic stenting between 2006 and 2013 for visceral and peripheral embolic disease. Renal function, method of coverage, and mortality after stent grafting were reviewed. Results Twenty-five cases of embolizing aortic lesions treated with an endovascular approach were identified. The mean age was 65 ± 13 years (range, 45–87 years), and 64% were female. Sixteen (64%) patients presented with peripheral embolic events, six with concomitant renal embolization. Five patients presented with abdominal or flank pain, and two were discovered incidentally. Three patients had undergone an endovascular procedure for other indications within the preceding 6 months of presentation. Nineteen patients had existing chronic kidney disease (stage II or higher), but only three had stage IV disease. Of the eight patients tested, four had a diagnosed hypercoagulable state. Eight of the patients had lesions identified in multiple aortic segments, and aortic aneurysm disease was present in 24%. Coverage of both abdominal and thoracic sources occurred in eight patients, whereas 17 had only one segment covered. Minimal intraluminal catheter and wire manipulation was paired with the use of intravascular ultrasound in an effort to reduce embolization and contrast use. Intravascular ultrasound was used in the majority of cases and transesophageal echo in 28% of patients. Two patients with stage IV kidney disease became dialysis-dependent within 3 months of the procedure. No other patients had an increase in their postoperative or predischarge serum creatinine levels. No embolic events were precipitated during the procedure, nor were there any recurrent embolic events detected on follow

  11. Possible role of an endovascular provocative test in the diagnosis of glossopharyngeal neuralgia as a vascular compression syndrome.

    PubMed

    Matsushima, T; Goto, Y; Ishioka, H; Mihara, F; Fukui, M

    1999-01-01

    We utilized endovascular provocative techniques to identify the indications for microvascular decompression surgery in a serious case of glossopharyngeal neuralgia. This is the first reported case in which an endovascular provocative test was applied for diagnosis of glossopharyngeal neuralgia as a vascular compression syndrome. A 68-year-old woman presented with severe paroxysmal facial pain which could not be controlled by medical therapy. Partial effectiveness to carbamazepine led us to wonder whether or not the selection of microvascular decompression surgery would be appropriate. Pre-operative angiography was performed. During the examination a microcatheter was inserted into the right posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), and an attack of typical glossopharyngeal neuralgia occurred. The patient thus underwent microvascular decompression surgery. The PICA was verified to compress the glossopharyngeal nerve and therefore was moved to induce decompression. The patient has since experienced no further pain for one year postoperatively. The diagnosis of glossopharyngeal neuralgia is sometimes complex and it is difficult to select the most appropriate surgical modality. In such cases this endovascular provocative technique may thus be useful for making a definitive decision or microvascular decompression surgery.

  12. Endovascular Treatment of a Dissected Celiac Trunk Aneurysm Complicated with Consequent Pseudoaneurysm: Primary Treatment and Treatment Relapse after 5 Years

    PubMed Central

    Giurazza, Francesco; Silvestre, Mattia; Cervo, Amedeo; Maglione, Franco

    2015-01-01

    We report on an asymptomatic 56-year-old male with incidental diagnosis of celiac trunk aneurysm, diagnosed during an ultrasound scan performed to control polycystic kidney disease. The CT scan revealed a 3.8 cm saccular aneurysm of the celiac artery dissected in the superior wall with a consequent 4.3 cm pseudoaneurysm; we adopted an endovascular approach to exclude the lesion by catheterizing the celiac trunk and positioning a vascular plug in the common hepatic artery and a covered stent in the splenic artery; finally we fulfilled the aneurysm sac with Onyx. 30-day control CT scan revealed procedural success. Five years later he came back to our department for an aneurysm relapse in the common hepatic artery. We performed a second endovascular approach with a superselective catheterization of the pancreaticoduodenal arcade in order to exclude the lesion with Onyx and microcoils. Nowadays the patient is in good clinical conditions. Endovascular approach is a valuable method to treat visceral aneurysms; however, long-term imaging follow-up is essential to monitor the risk of relapse. PMID:26124975

  13. [Endovascular treatment of spinal dorsal intradural arteriovenous fistulas].

    PubMed

    Santos-Franco, Jorge Arturo; Collado-Arce, María Griselda Lizbeth; Dávila-Romero, Julio César; Saavedra-Andrade, Rafael; Sandoval-Balanzario, Miguel Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: las fístulas arteriovenosas intradurales dorsales espinales (FAVIDE) son lesiones poco frecuentes y complejas que son subdiagnósticadas y condicionan discapacidad. El objetivo es presentar nuestra experiencia en el manejo endovascular. Métodos: estudio ambispectivo de pacientes con FAVIDE, tratados mediante terapia endovascular (TEV) con n-butil-cianoacrilato en el periodo de 2007 a 2013. Resultados: se incluyeron 15 pacientes con edad media de 37 años. En 12 casos la presentación fue progresiva e insidiosa en un lapso de entre 6 meses y un año, mientras que 3 presentaron hemorragia. La lesión tuvo localización torácica en 73 % de los casos, lumbar en 20 % y cervical en 7 %. Previo al tratamiento observamos discapacidad de grados 5 y 4 en 73 %, y 67 % tenían alteraciones de la micción de grado 3. Como complicaciones, solo una paciente tuvo deterioro del estado de alerta transitorio 6 horas después del procedimiento. Se encontró una mejoría hacia los grados 1 y 2 de discapacidad, a las 48 horas, 3 y 6 meses, de 53 %, 73 % y 87 %, respectivamente. Conclusiones: con la TEV se tiene un tiempo quirúrgico corto, el volumen de hemorragia es bajo y la estancia hospitalaria es corta, respecto de otras técnicas quirúrgicas. La TEV es un procedimiento seguro y con efectividad significativa en el tratamiento de FAVIDE. Esta es la primera serie de casos tratados con TEV en México.

  14. Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe Guidelines on Endovascular Treatment in Aortoiliac Arterial Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Rossi, Michele; Iezzi, Roberto

    2013-11-06

    PurposeThese guidelines are intended for use in assessing the standard for technical success and safety in aorto-iliac percutaneous endovascular interventions.MethodsAny recommendation contained in the text comes from the highest level and extension of literature review available to date.ResultsThe success of endovascular procedures is strictly related to an accurate planning based mainly on CT- or MR-angiography. TASC II A through C lesions have an endovascular-first option Pre-procedure ASA antiplatelet therapy is advisable in all cases. The application of stents improves the immediate hemodynamic and most likely long-term clinical results. Cumulative mean complication rate is 7.51 % according to the most relevant literature. Most of the complications can be managed by means of percutaneous techniques.ConclusionThe design and quality of devices, as well as the easy and accuracy of performing these procedures, have improved over the last decades, leading to the preferential treatment of aorto-iliac steno-obstructive disease via endovascular means, often as first-line therapy, with high technical success rate and low morbidity. This is mirrored by the decreasing number of patients undergoing surgical grafts over the last years with patency, limb salvage, and survival rates equivalent to open reconstruction.

  15. White blood cell scintigraphy in the diagnosis of infection of endovascular prostheses within the first month after implantation.

    PubMed

    Liberatore, Mauro; Misuraca, Maria; Calandri, Enrico; Rizzo, Luigi; Speziale, Francesco; Iurilli, Anna Paola; Anagnostou, Cristos

    2006-03-01

    99mTc-HMPAO-labeled leukocyte scintigraphy (WBCs) is useful in the diagnosis of vascular graft infection. However, false positives can occur in the early postoperative period. There are no data concerning the usefulness of WBCs in detecting endovascular prosthesis infection during this period. The aim of our study was to assess the reliability of WBCs in the diagnosis of early infection after endovascular prosthesis implantation. 23 patients treated with endovascular grafts were submitted to preoperative diagnostic screening and to 3 WBCs (1 week before, 1 week after, and 1 month after surgery). After the last WBCs, all patients underwent a 14-month follow-up (range 6-37 months, median 12 months). Three patients died, at 3, 4 and 5 months after surgery respectively. At the end of the follow-up, the presence of infection was demonstrated in one patient. Of the 70 WBCs performed, 4 gave positive results. No positive scintigraphies were obtained in the preoperative period. A positive scintigraphy was found one week after surgery in a patient who showed lymphorrhage at the site of surgical access. In the same patient, the scintigraphic result returned to normal at 1-month scintigraphy. At 12-month follow-up the patient did not present signs of infection. Three positive scintigraphies were obtained in the same patient. In this patient clinical symptoms of graft infection became evident about 19 months after surgery. WBCs was repeated and showed extension of the infection. The infection was confirmed at surgery. WBCs do not provide false-positives in the first month after endovascular prosthesis implantation.

  16. Carbon dioxide contrast medium for endovascular treatment of ilio-femoral occlusive disease

    PubMed Central

    de Almeida Mendes, Cynthia; de Arruda Martins, Alexandre; Teivelis, Marcelo Passos; Kuzniec, Sergio; Varella, Andrea Yasbek Monteiro; Fioranelli, Alexandre; Wolosker, Nelson

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Compare the use of carbon dioxide contrast medium with iodine contrast medium for the endovascular treatment of ilio-femoral occlusive disease in patients without contraindications to iodine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2012 to August 2014, 21 consecutive patients with ilio-femoral occlusive disease who were eligible for endovascular treatment and lacked contraindications to either iodine contrast or carbon dioxide were randomized into the carbon dioxide or iodine groups and subjected to ilio-femoral angioplasty. We analyzed the feasibility of the procedures, the surgical and clinical outcomes, the procedure lengths, the endovascular material costs, the contrast costs and the quality of the angiographic images in each group. RESULTS: No conversions to open surgery and no contrast media related complications were noted in either group. A post-operative femoral pulse was present in 88.9% of the iodine group and 80% of the carbon dioxide group. No differences in procedure length, endovascular material cost or renal function variation were noted between the groups. Four patients in the carbon dioxide group required iodine supplementation to complete the procedure. Contrast media expenses were reduced in the carbon dioxide group. Regarding angiographic image quality, 82% of the carbon dioxide images were graded as either good or fair by observers. CONCLUSIONS: The use of carbon dioxide contrast medium is a good option for ilio-femoral angioplasty in patients without contraindications to iodine and is not characterized by differences in endovascular material costs, procedure duration and surgical outcomes. In addition, carbon dioxide has lower contrast expenses compared with iodine. PMID:26598079

  17. Endovascular treatment of PA pseudoaneurysm caused by Swan-Ganz catheter.

    PubMed

    Rudziński, Piotr N; Demkow, Marcin; Michałowska, Ilona; Abramczuk, Elżbieta; Szymański, Piotr

    2014-01-01

    The following case report describes a complication of Swan-Ganz catheterization and its endovascular treatment with a single coil. Application of this particular catheter in the pulmonary artery during cardiac surgery may lead to mechanical perforation and creation of an extravascular sac, which is called a pseudoaneurysm. There are different methods that lead to tamponade or closure of the leakage. Interventional cardiology procedures are nowadays the most appropriate way of treatment of Swan-Ganz catheter induced vascular complications.

  18. The pros and cons of endovascular and open surgical treatments for patients with acute limb ischemia.

    PubMed

    Branco, B C; Montero-Baker, M F; Mills, J L

    2015-06-01

    The present review addresses the pros and cons of the current, wide variety of therapeutic options available for the treatment of acute limb ischemia (ALI). Despite five prospective randomized controlled trials comparing catheter directed thrombolysis and open surgical revascularization, no single treatment strategy can yet be considered optimal for patients with ALI. This report includes 20 years of published data to evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of thrombolytic agents and adjunctive endovascular techniques when compared to open surgical revascularization.

  19. [Three years experience of catheter treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome in conditions of 24-hour work of endovascular service].

    PubMed

    Porkhanov, V A; Kosmacheva, E D; Kruberg, L K; Pozdniakova, O A; Fedorchenko, A N; Bukhtoiarov, A Iu; Liaskovskiĭ, K O; Tupikin, R S; Volkolup, O S; Usachev, A A; Lazebnyĭ, P A

    2011-01-01

    In this work we have summarized 3-years experience of the treatment of acute coronary syndrome with the use of endovascular methods and presented organizational basis allowing to realize 24-hour work of the endovascular service, and algorithm of examination and treatment of patients admitted with diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. During the analyzed period invasive interventions were carried out in 1417 patients (transluminal angioplasty - in 93, angioplasty with stenting - in 1356 patients) with mean door to balloon time 37.7 min. For stenting we used 925 standard metal stents and 584 drug eluting stents. Coronary artery bypass surgery was performed in 150 patients. Severe complications during hospital stay developed in 3% of patients. Fifteen patients died, 14 of them were admitted in a state of cardiogenic shock. Repeat coronary angiography in remote period was fulfilled in 170 patients with recurrence of angina. Restenoses were found in 31.2% of these patients, predominantly in those with implanted standard metal stents.

  20. Otomycosis: Diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Vennewald, Irina; Klemm, Eckart

    2010-03-04

    Aspergillus and Candida spp are the most frequently isolated fungi in patients with otomycosis. The diagnosis of otitis externa relies on the patient's history, otoscopic examination under microscopic control, and imaging studies. Direct preparation of the specimens, particularly with optical brighteners, mycologic culture, and histologic examination, is very important and strongly recommended for the correct diagnosis. Patients with noninvasive fungal otitis externa should be treated with intense débridement and cleansing, and topical antifungals. Topical antifungals, such as clotrimazole, miconazole, bifonazole, ciclopiroxolamine, and tolnaftate, are potentially safe choices for the treatment of otomycosis, especially in patients with a perforated eardrum. The oral triazole drugs, itraconazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole are effective against Candida and Aspergillus, with good penetration of bone and the central nervous system. These drugs are essential in the treatment of patients with malignant fungal otitis externa complicated by mastoiditis and meningitis.

  1. Endovascular Treatment of an Aneurysmal Aberrant Systemic Artery Supplying a Pulmonary Sequestrum

    SciTech Connect

    Kristensen, Katrine Lawaetz; Duus, Louise Aarup; Elle, Bo

    2015-10-15

    An aberrant systemic artery originating from the abdominal aorta supplying a pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital malformation. This causes a left-to-left shunt. Symptoms include recurrent pneumonias, hemoptysis, and, in the long term, heart failure. Aneurysm of the aberrant vessel is rarely seen. Traditionally, treatment of pulmonary sequestrations includes ligation of the feeding vessel and lobectomy. A new promising treatment is an endovascular approach. Only a few cases describe endovascular treatment of pulmonary sequestration. This is the first published case of a giant aneurysmal branch from the abdominal aorta to the normal basal segments of the lung, successfully occluded with an Amplatzer Vascular Plug II (AVP II, St.Jude Medical, MN, USA) alone.

  2. Endovascular Treatment of Malignant Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: Results and Predictive Factors of Clinical Efficacy

    SciTech Connect

    Fagedet, Dorothee; Thony, Frederic; Timsit, Jean-Francois; Rodiere, Mathieu; Monnin-Bares, Valerie; Ferretti, Gilbert R.; Vesin, Aurelien; Moro-Sibilot, Denis

    2013-02-15

    To demonstrate the effectiveness of endovascular treatment (EVT) with self-expandable bare stents for malignant superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) and to analyze predictive factors of EVT efficacy. Retrospective review of the 164 patients with malignant SVCS treated with EVT in our hospital from August 1992 to December 2007 and followed until February 2009. Endovascular treatment includes angioplasty before and after stent placement. We used self-expandable bare stents. We studied results of this treatment and looked for predictive factors of clinical efficacy, recurrence, and complications by statistical analysis. Endovascular treatment was clinically successful in 95% of cases, with an acceptable rate of early mortality (2.4%). Thrombosis of the superior vena cava was the only independent factor for EVT failure. The use of stents over 16 mm in diameter was a predictive factor for complications (P = 0.008). Twenty-one complications (12.8%) occurred during the follow-up period. Relapse occurred in 36 patients (21.9%), with effective restenting in 75% of cases. Recurrence of SVCS was significantly increased in cases of occlusion (P = 0.01), initial associated thrombosis (P = 0.006), or use of steel stents (P = 0.004). Long-term anticoagulant therapy did not influence the risk of recurrence or complications. In malignancy, EVT with self-expandable bare stents is an effective SVCS therapy. These results prompt us to propose treatment with stents earlier in the clinical course of patients with SVCS and to avoid dilatation greater than 16 mm.

  3. Hirsutism: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Hohl, Alexandre; Ronsoni, Marcelo Fernando; Oliveira, Mônica de

    2014-03-01

    Hirsutism is defined as excessive terminal hair growth in androgen-dependent areas of the body in women, which grows in a typical male distribution pattern. Hirsutism is a common clinical problem in women, and the treatment depends on the cause. The condition is often associated with a loss of self-esteem. Hirsutism reflects the interaction between circulating androgen concentrations, local androgen concentrations, and the sensitivity of the hair follicle to androgens. Polycystic ovary syndrome and idiopathic hirsutism are the most common causes of the condition. A woman's history and, physical examination are particularly important in evaluating excess hair growth. The vast majority of women with hirsutism have the idiopathic variety, and the diagnosis is made by exclusion. Serum testosterone level>200 ng/dL is highly suggestive of adrenal or ovarian tumor. Treatment of hirsutism should be based on the degree of excess hair growth presented by the patient and in the pathophysiology of the disorder. Treatment includes lifestyle therapies, androgen suppression, peripheral androgen blockage, and cosmetic treatments. The current review discusses definition, pathogenesis, physiopathology, differential diagnosis, diagnostic strategies, and treatment.

  4. Endovascular treatment of distal middle cerebral artery aneurysms: Report of eight cases and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Lv, Nan; Zhou, Yu; Yang, Pengfei; Li, Qiang; Zhao, Rui; Fang, Yibin; Xu, Yi; Hong, Bo; Zhao, Wenyuan; Liu, Jianmin

    2016-01-01

    Background Endovascular treatment is an alternative choice for the treatment of distal middle cerebral artery (dMCA) aneurysm, in addition to open surgery; but is still seldom considered. We performed this retrospective study to evaluate the outcome of dMCA in patients. Methods During a period of 10 years, we were able to identify seven patients with a total of eight dMCA aneurysms that were treated endovascularly. They were five men and two women, with a mean age of 36.1 years. All of the aneurysms, including five infectious and three dissecting ones, were treated for the aneurysm and its parent artery’s occlusion, using coils and/or glue. Results The clinical follow-up (9–96 m, mean 36.8 m) showed that they all improved over baseline; except for one patient in whom a mild right hemiparesis remained, after the hematoma evacuation. Angiographic follow-up (7–24 m; mean: 14.6 m) showed that all of them were stable and without the need for recanalization. Conclusions Our data indicated that endovascular treatment is a safe and effective alternative for the treatment of dMCA aneurysms, and should be considered when treating these aneurysms. PMID:26637241

  5. Penetrating Atherosclerotic Ulcer of the Descending Thoracic Aorta: Treatment by Endovascular Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Murgo, Salvatore; Dussaussois, Luc; Golzarian, Jafar; Cavenaile, Jean Christophe; Abada, Hicham Tarik; Ferreira, Jose; Struyven, Julien

    1998-11-15

    Purpose: To present four cases of penetrating ulcer of the descending thoracic aorta treated by transfemoral insertion of an endoluminal stent-graft. Methods: Four patients with penetrating aortic ulcers were reviewed. Three cases were complicated by rupture, false aneurysm, or retrograde dissection. All patients were treated by endovascular stent-graft and were followed by helical computed tomography (CT). Results: Endovascular stent-graft deployment was successful in all patients. However, in one case we observed a perigraft leak that spontaneously disappeared within the first month, and two interventions were needed for another patient. Following treatment, one episode of transient spinal ischemia was observed. The 30-day survival rate was 100%, but one patient died from pneumonia with cardiac failure 34 days after the procedure. In one patient, helical CT performed at 3 months showed a false aneurysm independent of the first ulcer. This patient refused any further treatment and suddenly died at home (unknown cause) after a 6-month follow-up period. Conclusion: Transluminal placement of endovascular stent-grafts for treatment of penetrating ulcers of the descending thoracic aorta appears to be a possible alternative to classical surgery. After treatment, follow-up by CT is essential to detect possible complications of the disease.

  6. Multimodal endovascular treatment of a vertebrovertebral fistula presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and hydrocephalus.

    PubMed

    Walcott, Brian P; Berkhemer, Olvert A; Leslie-Mazwi, Thabele M; Chandra, Ronil V; Ogilvy, Christopher S; Yoo, Albert J

    2013-09-01

    Vertebrovertebral fistulae are rare vascular malformations that uncommonly can rupture to present clinically as intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage. We report a 69-year-old man presenting following spontaneous apoplectic collapse. Initial workup revealed diffuse, intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage and hydrocephalus. However, the etiology was not apparent on CT angiography of the head. Catheter-based angiography was performed, demonstrating a single-hole, high-flow vertebrovertebral fistula, arising from the V2 segment and decompressing into both cervical and skull base venous structures. Definitive treatment consisted of endovascular fistula obliteration with a combination of coil and liquid embolic material. The patient made a full neurological recovery. High cervical and skull base fistulae are rare causes of intracranial hemorrhage; endovascular treatment is effective at disconnection of the arteriovenous shunt.

  7. Endovascular treatment of peripheral and visceral arterial injuries in patients with acute trauma.

    PubMed

    Erbahçeci Salık, Aysun; Saçan İslim, Filiz; Çil, Barbaros Erhan

    2016-11-01

    The present study is an evaluation of the efficacy of endovascular treatment in emergency setting for patients with acute peripheral and visceral arterial injury secondary to penetrating or blunt trauma. Twelve patients (11 men) aged 35.8±11.3 years (range: 18-56 years) with penetrating or blunt trauma who underwent endovascular treatment in our department between March 2010 and June 2014 for peripheral and visceral arterial injury were retrospectively reviewed. Selective coil embolization was performed on 11 patients and particle embolization of the injured vessel was performed on 1 patient. Criteria for endovascular treatment included active extravasation or pseudoaneurysm on contrast-enhanced computed tomography and decrease in hemoglobin level or temporary hemodynamic instability. Arterial injuries were secondary to penetrating injury due to gunshot wound in 4 patients and stab wound in 5, and blunt abdominal injury as result of traffic accident in 3 patients. Traumatic lesions were in the right hepatic artery (n=3), left hepatic (n=2), right hepatic and right renal (n=1), left inferior epigastric (n=2), left facial (n=1), anterior tibial (n=1), and deep femoral (n=1) arteries. Technical success with no procedural complications was seen in all cases. Two patients died due to coexisting injuries on 29th and 43rd days of hospitalization. Median hospitalization period was 6.0 days (range: 1-43 days) and mean intensive care unit hospitalization was 7.7 days (range: 0-43 days). In our experience, endovascular treatment was a safe and effective option for acute traumatic peripheral and visceral arterial lesions.

  8. Endovascular Treatment of a Brachiocephalic Artery Pseudoaneurysm Secondary to Biopsy at Mediastinoscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Ahmed, Irfan Katsanos, Konstantinos; Ahmad, Farhan; Dourado, Renato; Lyons, Oliver; Reidy, John

    2009-07-15

    Isolated injury to the brachiocephalic artery is relatively rare. We report the case of a 53-year-old lymphoma patient who had had a biopsy at mediastinoscopy in the past and was found incidentally on routine staging computed tomography to have developed a large pseudoaneurysm of the brachiocephalic artery. We describe the successful percutaneous treatment of this iatrogenic injury using endovascular deployment of covered stent-grafts.

  9. Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    PubMed

    Kravets, Igor

    2016-03-01

    Hyperthyroidism is an excessive concentration of thyroid hormones in tissues caused by increased synthesis of thyroid hormones, excessive release of preformed thyroid hormones, or an endogenous or exogenous extrathyroidal source. The most common causes of an excessive production of thyroid hormones are Graves disease, toxic multinodular goiter, and toxic adenoma. The most common cause of an excessive passive release of thyroid hormones is painless (silent) thyroiditis, although its clinical presentation is the same as with other causes. Hyperthyroidism caused by overproduction of thyroid hormones can be treated with antithyroid medications (methimazole and propylthiouracil), radioactive iodine ablation of the thyroid gland, or surgical thyroidectomy. Radioactive iodine ablation is the most widely used treatment in the United States. The choice of treatment depends on the underlying diagnosis, the presence of contraindications to a particular treatment modality, the severity of hyperthyroidism, and the patient's preference.

  10. Woven Endobridge (WEB) device for endovascular treatment of complex unruptured aneurysms-a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Lescher, Stephanie; du Mesnil de Rochemont, Richard; Berkefeld, Joachim

    2016-04-01

    The introduction of the Woven Endobridge (WEB) device increases the feasibility of endovascular treatment of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms with limitations given by currently available sizes and shapes of the device. Parallel to other studies, we used the new device for selected patients who were no optimal candidates for established techniques like neurosurgical clipping or endovascular coiling. We aimed to report the angiographic and clinical results of WEB implantations or combinations between WEB and coiling or intracranial stents. We reviewed the records of n = 23 interventions in 22 patients with unruptured wide-neck aneurysms (UIA) who were assigned for aneurysm treatment with the use of the WEB or adjunctive techniques. Interventional procedures and clinical and angiographic outcomes are reported for the periprocedural phase and in mid-term FU. Of the included 22 patients, six patients needed additional coiling, intracranial stenting, or implantation of a flow diverter. WEB implantation was technically feasible in 22 out of the 23 interventions. Follow-up angiographic imaging proved total or subtotal occlusion of the aneurysm in 19 of 22 cases. Two minor recurrences remained stable during a period of 15 months. One patient with a partially thrombosed giant MCA aneurysm had a major recurrence and was retreated with a second WEB in combination with coiling. Despite of unfavorable anatomic conditions, broad-based and large UIA endovascular treatment with the WEB and adjunctive techniques was feasible with a low risk of complications and promising occlusion rates in mid-term follow-up.

  11. Endovascular treatment of sphenoid wing dural arteriovenous fistula with pure cortical venous drainage.

    PubMed

    Fukuda, Hitoshi; Miyake, Kosuke; Kunieda, Takenobu; Murao, Kenichi

    2014-07-01

    Curative endovascular treatment of sphenoid wing dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) with pure cortical venous drainage is challenging because of its rarity, lack of accessible dural sinus for transvenous embolization (TVE), and proximity of skull base vital regions. Direct surgery to disconnect venous reflux has been favored. We report the curative endovascular treatment of two sphenoid wing dAVFs with pure cortical venous drainage. One patient revealed complete obliteration of dAVF by a single session of transarterial embolization (TAE). As part of strategic TAE for this complex dAVF, we used a novel approach to create a complete flow-arrest condition in which coils and an occlusion balloon were combined. A liquid agent was then injected across the pathological fistula and into the parent venous apparatus, thereby occluding the lesion. The other patient was treated with percutaneous TVE after TAE was unsuccessful. With a specific strategy and appropriate devices, the microcatheter was successfully introduced through sigmoid sinus, transverse sinus, superior sagittal sinus, and refluxing cortical vein by puncture of the jugular vein. Coils were deployed at the venous side of the fistula, resulting in successful obliteration of the dAVF. Sphenoid wing dAVF with pure cortical venous drainage could be curable by endovascular treatment with proper strategy and instruments when anatomical condition permits.

  12. Treatment of ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms by endovascular approach: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Xintong; Li, Zhenbao; Fang, Xinggen; Liu, Jiaqiang; Wu, Degang; Lai, Niansheng

    2017-05-01

    The optimal treatment modalities of ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm are still controversial. The objective of this study is to analyze the outcomes of patients with ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms treated by endovascular coiling. From October 2011 to October 2015, 67 patients with 71 ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms received endovascular coiling in our hospital. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical, radiologic records and outcomes. Of all the 71 aneurysms (67 patients), 42 were treated by coil embolization merely, 27 by stent-assisted coiling and 2 unruptured aneurysms in patients with bilateral middle cerebral artery aneurysms without receiving treatment. Complete occlusion was achieved in 82.6% (57/69) of all the procedures. Each of incomplete and partial occlusion rates was 8.7% (6/69). Intraoperative rupture of aneurysms occurred in two procedures (2.9%). Thrombogenesis occurred in eight procedures (11.6%). Brain infarction occurred in eight patients (11.9%). Post-operative rebleeding occurred in seven patients (10.4%). Sixty-three patients were followed at a mean follow-up of 8.24 ± 7.16 months. The mortality and good outcome rate were 3.2% and 90.5%, respectively. Aneurysm recurrence occurred in 6 (13.3%) of the 45 aneurysms at a mean follow-up of 8.44 ± 7.83 months. Endovascular coiling is effective for patients with ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Individualized treatment should be assessed by experienced specialist. It is essential to perform randomized large trials to confirm the efficiency of endovascular coiling.

  13. Incidence and predictors of headache relief after endovascular treatment in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Ji, Wenjun; Liu, Aihua; Yang, Xinjian; Li, Youxiang; Jiang, Chuhan; Wu, Zhongxue

    2017-02-01

    Objective Patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms often present with headaches. We retrospectively determined the incidence of headache relief in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms after endovascular treatment, with the main goals of preventing aneurysmal haemorrhage and identifying factors associated with headache relief in a cohort study. Methods From a cohort of patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms who were treated with endovascular coiling and admitted between January 2012 and December 2014, we included 123 patients who had headaches and underwent regular follow-up. The severity of headache was assessed by a quantitative 11-point headache scale for all patients before and after the endovascular treatment. Headache relief was defined as a decrease in the headache score. We determined the incidence and predictors of headache relief using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analysis. Results Of the 123 patients with a mean follow-up of 14.1 months (range 1-39 months), 69 had headache relief. The overall cumulative incidence of headache relief was 62.3% (95% confidence interval (CI) 54.2%, 69.4%). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, the side of headache ipsilateral to the aneurysm (adjusted hazard ratio 0.540; 95% CI 0.408, 0.715; P < 0.001) and aneurysm size (adjusted hazard ratio 1.753; 95% CI 1.074, 2.863; P = 0.025) were significant predictors of headache relief. Conclusions Endovascular treatment relieved preoperative headaches for most patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The side of headache ipsilateral to the aneurysm and aneurysm size >10 mm were significant predictors of headache relief.

  14. Endovascular treatment of distal thoracic aortic transection associated with severe thoracolumbar spinal fracture.

    PubMed

    Chock, Megan M; Aho, Johnathon; Naik, Nimesh; Clarke, Michelle; Heller, Stephanie; Oderich, Gustavo S

    2015-10-01

    Endovascular repair has become the first line of treatment in most patients with blunt aortic injury. The most common mechanism is deceleration injury affecting the aortic isthmus distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery. Injuries of the distal thoracic aorta are uncommon. We report the case of a 25-year-old male patient who presented with paraplegia and distal thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm associated with severe thoracolumbar vertebral fracture and displacement after a motocross accident. Endovascular repair was performed using total percutaneous technique and conformable C-TAG thoracic stent-graft (WL Gore, Flagstaff, AZ). Following stent-graft placement and angiographic confirmation of absence of endoleak, thoracolumbar spinal fixation was performed in the same operative procedure. This case illustrates a multispecialty approach to complex aortic and vertebral injury and the high conformability of newer thoracic stent-grafts to adapt to tortuous anatomy. © The Author(s) 2014.

  15. Endovascular treatment of hepatic artery aneurysm in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Case report.

    PubMed

    Casana, R; Nano, G; Dalainas, I; Tealdi, D G

    2004-09-01

    Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a rare, variably inherited disorder affecting connective tissue. Patients with EDS often develop aneurysms of the thoracic and abdominal aorta as well as the visceral arteries. We report our experience with an elective endovascular exclusion of an hepatic artery aneurysm in a 26-year-old female patient with EDS type IV. A balloon-expandable 4x26 mm stent-graft was placed in the common hepatic artery, excluding the aneurysm. The follow-up at the 2, 6 and 18 months showed the patency of the common hepatic artery, the absence of endo-leak and the right location of the stent-graft. In EDS patients, the endovascular treatment could be preferable to open surgery because of the minimum trauma.

  16. Current recommendations for endovascular interventions in the treatment of ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Appelboom, Geoffrey; Strozyk, Dorothea; Meyers, Philip M; Higashida, Randall T

    2010-07-01

    Ischemic stroke remains one of the leading cause of adult death and disability in the United States. Reperfusion of the occluded vessel is the standard of care in the setting of acute ischemic stroke according to established guidelines. Since the introduction of intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in the late 1990s, significant advances have been made in methods to deliver thrombolytic agents and in devices for mechanical recanalization of occluded vessels. Furthermore, improvements in patient selection contribute to achievement of good clinical outcomes after endovascular therapy. This article summarizes findings from recent clinical trials and presents evidence-based guidelines for endovascular interventions in the treatment of ischemic stroke.

  17. Arsenicosis: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Das, Nilay Kanti; Sengupta, Sujit Ranjan

    2008-01-01

    Diagnosis of arsenicosis relies on both clinical and laboratory criteria, but principally it can be diagnosed on the basis of its cutaneous manifestations. Cutaneous manifestations (melanosis, keratosis, and cutaneous cancers) are essential clues in the diagnosis, and trained dermatologists or arsenic experts are able to clinically confirm a case even without laboratory backup. Although systemic manifestations are not considered as diagnostic hallmarks, yet their presence serves as important telltale signs in arriving at the diagnosis. In countries where laboratory facilities are available, measuring the level of arsenic in drinking water (consumed in the last 6 months), urine, hair, and nails is of immense value. Newer biomarkers of arsenic exposure are being explored to provide early information about arsenic intoxication, of which urinary porphyrin level, blood metallothionein have shown promising results. Controlling the problem of arsenicosis depends on various factors, of which the most important is cessation of intake of arsenic-contaminated water. Deep wells, traditional dug wells, treatment of surface water, rainwater harvesting, and removing arsenic from the contaminated water by arsenic removal plant or arsenic treatment unit are the available options for providing arsenic-free drinking water. The role of nutrition and antioxidants in preventing the onset of symptoms of arsenicosis is also of importance. Nonspecific therapies (e.g., keratolytics for hyperkeratosis) cannot also be ignored and serve as palliative measures. The persons affected need to be followed up at regular intervals to detect the onset of cancers (if any) at the earliest. Role of counseling and education should never be underestimated since absence of public awareness can undermine all efforts of mitigation measures.

  18. OSTEOPOROSIS DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

    PubMed Central

    de Souza, Márcio Passini Gonçalves

    2015-01-01

    Articles that update the state of knowledge regarding osteoporosis run the risk of quickly becoming obsolete because research and studies on osteoporosis today are arousing great interest among researchers, the pharmaceutical and medical equipment industries, governments and even WHO. All orthopedists know about osteoporosis because of its most deleterious effect: osteoporotic fracture. Osteoporosis without fractures does not arouse suspicion because this is a pathological condition with a nonspecific clinical profile. Osteoporotic fractures have an economic cost (from treatment), a social cost (from its sequelae) and a medical cost (from deaths). Many fractures could be avoided through diagnosing osteoporosis prior to the first fracture and thus many temporary and permanent disabilities could be avoided and many lives saved. Awareness of the risk factors for osteoporosis raises suspicions and bone densitometry aids in diagnosis. Treatment should be based on the physiopathology of the disease. Hence, for prevention or treatment of osteoporosis, the activity of osteoclasts should be diminished or the activity of osteoblasts should be increased, or both. Treatment that reduces the incidence of fractures by improving the bone geometry and microarchitecture would be ideal. Newly formed bone tissue needs to have good cell and matrix quality, normal mineralization, a good ratio between mineralized (mechanically resistant) and non-mineralized (flexible) bone, and no accumulated damage. The ideal treatment should have a positive remodeling rate and fast and long-lasting therapeutic effects. Such effects need to be easily detectable. They need to be safe. PMID:27022545

  19. OSTEOPOROSIS DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT.

    PubMed

    de Souza, Márcio Passini Gonçalves

    2010-01-01

    Articles that update the state of knowledge regarding osteoporosis run the risk of quickly becoming obsolete because research and studies on osteoporosis today are arousing great interest among researchers, the pharmaceutical and medical equipment industries, governments and even WHO. All orthopedists know about osteoporosis because of its most deleterious effect: osteoporotic fracture. Osteoporosis without fractures does not arouse suspicion because this is a pathological condition with a nonspecific clinical profile. Osteoporotic fractures have an economic cost (from treatment), a social cost (from its sequelae) and a medical cost (from deaths). Many fractures could be avoided through diagnosing osteoporosis prior to the first fracture and thus many temporary and permanent disabilities could be avoided and many lives saved. Awareness of the risk factors for osteoporosis raises suspicions and bone densitometry aids in diagnosis. Treatment should be based on the physiopathology of the disease. Hence, for prevention or treatment of osteoporosis, the activity of osteoclasts should be diminished or the activity of osteoblasts should be increased, or both. Treatment that reduces the incidence of fractures by improving the bone geometry and microarchitecture would be ideal. Newly formed bone tissue needs to have good cell and matrix quality, normal mineralization, a good ratio between mineralized (mechanically resistant) and non-mineralized (flexible) bone, and no accumulated damage. The ideal treatment should have a positive remodeling rate and fast and long-lasting therapeutic effects. Such effects need to be easily detectable. They need to be safe.

  20. Neuropsychological assessment after microsurgical clipping or endovascular treatment for anterior communicating artery aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Fontanella, M; Perozzo, P; Ursone, R; Garbossa, D; Bergui, M

    2003-10-01

    After open surgery for ruptured ACoA aneurysms, several patients who have achieved a favourable neurological outcome still exhibit significant cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to investigate the cognitive performances in patients with ACoA aneurysms submitted to different therapeutic options such as endovascular treatment and surgical clipping. We evaluated 37 consecutive patients in WFNS grade I or II, who underwent an early treatment (within 48 hours) of a bleeding ACoA aneurysm: 20 out of 37 were surgically clipped (group A) and 17 were treated with endovascular coiling (group B). These two groups were compared with 16 patients (group C) with subarachnoid haemorrhage and negative cerebral panangiography and with 18 volunteers (group D) without neurological or psychiatric disorders. All patients were neurologically intact at discharge and were in Glasgow Outcome Scale 1 at 6 months follow-up after SAH. All subjects were tested to assess selective attention, verbal, spatial and logical memory, frontal lobe executive functions, language and intelligence. Depressive symptoms and anxiety were also examined. Selective attention, verbal and spatial memory, and intelligence tests didn't show any significant difference between the patients and the controls. Surgically treated patients showed a significant worse performance on the logical memory and on the frontal lobe executive functions compared to controls, while the endovascular group and the group C (not treated) showed a significant decrease only in the literal fluency score.Moreover, the surgical group showed a significant impairment in using grammatical and syntactical rules to produce sentences. No significant difference was found between the group B, C and controls. Treated patients were not significantly more depressive or anxious than controls. Investigation of neuropsychological deficits can show an impairment, even in patients classified as good outcome by Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). The

  1. Endovascular treatment of pediatric intracranial aneurysms: a retrospective study of 35 aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Takemoto, Koichiro; Tateshima, Satoshi; Golshan, Ali; Gonzalez, Nestor; Jahan, Reza; Duckwiler, Gary; Vinuela, Fernando

    2014-07-01

    Pediatric intracranial aneurysms are rare and not well characterized in comparison with those in adults. To analyze our institution's longitudinal experience of endovascular treatment for pediatric aneurysms to better understand this rare condition. A retrospective record review was performed of patients aged <20 years treated with endovascular methods for intracranial aneurysms between 1995 and 2012. There were 31 patients (average 14.4±4.2 years; 20 male, 11 female) with 35 intracranial aneurysms. The rate of subarachnoid hemorrhage as the initial presentation was 48% and the rates of multiple and giant aneurysms were 13% and 31%, respectively; 28.5% of the cases were posterior circulation aneurysms. Fifteen saccular aneurysms occurred in 14 patients and 17 fusiform aneurysms were noted in 14 patients. Two infectious aneurysms were diagnosed in two patients and one traumatic aneurysm occurred in another patient. Thirty-four aneurysms were treated endovascularly and one had thrombosed spontaneously on a follow-up angiogram. Of the 15 saccular aneurysms, 11 were treated with conventional coiling, one was treated with stent-assisted coiling, one was treated with a flow-diverting stent and two were treated with parent vessel occlusion (PVO). Of the 17 fusiform aneurysms, 15 were treated with PVO with or without prior bypass surgery and one was treated with a flow-diverting stent. The rate of permanent complications and a favorable outcome were 2.9% and 87%, respectively. Endovascular treatment of pediatric aneurysms is technically feasible with an acceptable complication rate despite the high incidence of fusiform aneurysms. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  2. Osteoarthritis: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Sinusas, Keith

    2012-01-01

    Osteoarthritis is a common degenerative disorder of the articular cartilage associated with hypertrophic bone changes. Risk factors include genetics, female sex, past trauma, advancing age, and obesity. The diagnosis is based on a history of joint pain worsened by movement, which can lead to disability in activities of daily living. Plain radiography may help in the diagnosis, but laboratory testing usually does not. Pharmacologic treatment should begin with acetaminophen and step up to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Exercise is a useful adjunct to treatment and has been shown to reduce pain and disability. The supplements glucosamine and chondroitin can be used for moderate to severe osteoarthritis when taken in combination. Corticosteroid injections provide inexpensive, short-term (four to eight weeks) relief of osteoarthritic flare-ups of the knee, whereas hyaluronic acid injections are more expensive but can maintain symptom improvement for longer periods. Total joint replacement of the hip, knee, or shoulder is recommended for patients with chronic pain and disability despite maximal medical therapy.

  3. Combined endovascular intervention and percutaneous thrombin injection in the treatment of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm. Case report.

    PubMed

    Gabriel, M; Juszkat, R; Pukacki, F; Waliszewski, K

    2007-06-01

    One of the basic techniques of treatment of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms is percutaneous thrombin injection. Unfortunately, success rate of this treatment can be limited in cases associated with extensive damage to arterial wall. Our paper presents one case of combined treatment involving endovascular occlusion of the entry to the false aneurysm and percutaneous thrombin injection into the pseudoaneurysm chamber. In our opinion this technique can be successfully applied in patients with contraindications for compression therapy, surgical intervention or failure of traditional injection due to large entry, multiple arterial wall damage or accompanying arteriovenous fistula.

  4. [IMSIII, SYNTHESIS, and MR-RESCUE studies: the end of endovascular treatment for stroke?].

    PubMed

    Moreno, A; Hernández-Fernández, F

    2014-01-01

    Last March, in a single issue New England Journal of Medicine published 3 studies that evaluated the efficacy of endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke, leading to a heated controversy between neurologists and interventional neuroradiologists. The negative results have resulted in numerous reviews pointing out serious methodological defects. In this article, we analyze the outcomes of thrombolytic treatment for stroke and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the three above-mentioned studies. Despite the negative results, these studies can point the way for new trials that will justify this treatment modality that is backed up by scientific evidence. Copyright © 2013 SERAM. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  5. Microcatheter to recanalization (procedure time) predicts outcomes in endovascular treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke: when do we stop?

    PubMed

    Hassan, A E; Chaudhry, S A; Miley, J T; Khatri, R; Hassan, S A; Suri, M F K; Qureshi, A I

    2013-02-01

    Endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke consists of various mechanical and pharmacologic modalities used for recanalization of arterial occlusions. We performed this study to determine the relationship among procedure time, recanalization, and clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular treatment. We analyzed data from consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent endovascular treatment during a 6-year period. Demographic characteristics, NIHSS score before and 24 hours after the procedure, and discharge mRS score were ascertained. Procedure time was defined by the time interval between microcatheter placement and recanalization or completion of the procedure. We estimated the procedure time after which favorable clinical outcome was unlikely, even after adjustment for age, time from symptom onset, and admission NIHSS scores. We analyzed 209 patients undergoing endovascular treatment (mean age, 65 ± 16 years; 109 [52%] men; mean admission/preprocedural NIHSS score, 15.3 ± 6.8). Complete or partial recanalization was observed in 176 (84.2%) patients, while unfavorable outcome (mRS 3-6) was observed in 138 (66%) patients at discharge. In univariate analysis, patients with procedure time ≤30 minutes had lower rates of unfavorable outcome at discharge compared with patients with procedure time ≥30 minutes (52.3% versus 72.2%, P = .0049). In our analysis, the rates of favorable outcomes in endovascularly treated patients after 60 minutes were lower than rates observed with placebo treatment in the Prourokinase for Acute Ischemic Stroke Trial. In logistic regression analysis, unfavorable outcome was positively associated with age (P = .0012), admission NIHSS strata (P = .0017), and longer procedure times (P = .0379). Procedure time in patients with acute ischemic stroke appears to be a critical determinant of outcomes following endovascular treatment. This highlights the need for procedure time

  6. Endovascular Treatment of Visceral Aneurysms and Pseudoaneurysms: Long-term Outcomes from a Multicenter European Study

    SciTech Connect

    Spiliopoulos, Stavros Sabharwal, Tarun; Karnabatidis, Dimitrios; Brountzos, Elias; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Krokidis, Miltiadis; Gkoutzios, Panagiotis; Siablis, Dimitrios; Adam, Andreas

    2012-12-15

    Purpose: To investigate the percutaneous endovascular management of visceral aneurysms (VA) and visceral pseudoaneurysms (VPA) treated in three European interventional radiology departments. Methods: Patient archives from the department's databases were examined and retrospectively analyzed. Patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2010 with VA and/or VPA, confirmed by computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, or digital subtraction angiography and treated exclusively with percutaneous endovascular methods, were included in the study. The study's primary end points were procedural technical success, target lesion reintervention rate, and periprocedural mortality rate. Secondary end points included major and minor complications rates. Results: The medical records of 54 patients (41 male, mean age 55 {+-} 18.1 years) with 58 VAs or VPAs and treated with various percutaneous endovascular therapeutic modalities were analyzed. In total, 21 VAs (mean diameter 49.4 {+-} 21 mm, range 20-100 mm) and 37 VPAs (mean diameter 25.1 {+-} 14.6 mm, range 8-60 mm) were treated. Procedural technical success was achieved in 100% of the cases, while target lesion reintervention rate was 6.1% (2 of 33) and 14.2% (3 of 21) in the VPA and VA groups, respectively. Mean clinical follow-up period was 19.1 {+-} 21.4 months. Overall periprocedural mortality rate was 3% (1 of 33) in the VPA group and 0% (0 of 21) in the VA group. Conclusion: Percutaneous endovascular treatment of VAs and VPAs is safe and effective with low morbidity and mortality. There is a small but significant reintervention rate, particularly for true aneurysms; dedicated follow-up imaging is recommended. Successful aneurysm exclusion was achieved in all cases with a second procedure.

  7. Seasonal Allergies: Diagnosis, Treatment & Research

    MedlinePlus

    ... turn JavaScript on. Feature: Seasonal Allergies Diagnosis, Treatment & Research Past Issues / Spring 2015 Table of Contents Diagnosis ... Asthma exacerbation Sinus infection Asthma exacerbation Seasonal Allergy Research at NIH Asthma and Allergic Diseases Cooperative Research ...

  8. Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement

    SciTech Connect

    Idoguchi, Koji Yamaguchi, Masato; Okada, Takuya; Nomura, Yoshikatsu; Sugimura, Kazuro; Okita, Yutaka; Sugimoto, Koji

    2012-10-15

    Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with 'kissing'-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

  9. Stent-Assisted Endovascular Treatment of Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms – Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Kocur, Damian; Ślusarczyk, Wojciech; Przybyłko, Nikodem; Bażowski, Piotr; Właszczuk, Adam; Kwiek, Stanisław

    2016-01-01

    Summary The anterior cerebral artery is a common location of intracranial aneurysms. The standard coil embolization technique is limited by its inability to occlude wide-neck aneurysms. Stent deployment across the aneurysm neck supports the coil mass inside the aneurysmal sac, and furthermore, has an effect on local hemodynamic and biologic changes. In this article, various management strategies and techniques as well as angiographic outcomes and complications related to stent-assisted endovascular treatment of anterior communicating artery aneurysms are presented. This treatment method is safe and associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. PMID:27559426

  10. Lesion location, stability, and pretreatment management: factors affecting outcomes of endovascular treatment for vertebrobasilar atherosclerosis.

    PubMed

    Alexander, Matthew D; Rebhun, Jeffrey M; Hetts, Steven W; Kim, Anthony S; Nelson, Jeffrey; Kim, Helen; Amans, Matthew R; Settecase, Fabio; Dowd, Christopher F; Halbach, Van V; Higashida, Randall T; Cooke, Daniel L

    2016-05-01

    The proper role of endovascular treatment of cervicocerebral atherosclerosis is unclear. Posterior circulation disease has not been investigated as extensively as disease in the anterior circulation. In this study, we characterized the rates of technical success, transient ischemic attack, stroke, and death or disability, for both acute and elective endovascular treatment of atherosclerosis in the vertebrobasilar system. We identified patients with atherosclerosis of the vertebrobasilar circulation who underwent endovascular intervention at our hospital through retrospective medical record review, and evaluated the association between lesion and treatment features and subsequent stroke, death, or disability at 30 days and 1 year. We identified 136 lesions in 122 patients, including 13 interventions for acute strokes. Technical success was achieved in 123 of 136 cases (90.4%). Elective procedures had higher rates of technical success (6.5% vs 15.4%, p=0.21) and better clinical outcomes. In multivariate analysis, intracranial lesions were associated with more disability (modified Rankin Scale score >2) at 30 days (OR 7.1, p=0.01) and 1 year (OR 10, p=0.03). Patients with non-hypoperfusion related symptoms had fewer strokes at follow-up at 1 year when treated after an asymptomatic interval of >10 days compared with those treated within 10 days of the presenting symptoms (OR 0.2, p=0.03). Statin treatment prior to intervention was associated with favorable outcomes across several examined endpoints. Preoperative antiplatelet treatment was associated with lower rates of disability at 30 days and 1 year (OR 0.1, p<0.01 and OR 0.07, p=0.01, respectively), and preoperative anticoagulation treatment was associated with higher rates of death at 30 days, particularly when prescribed for reasons other than atrial fibrillation (OR 6.4, p=0.01). Endovascular treatment of symptomatic vertebrobasilar atherosclerosis can be performed safely and with good

  11. Endovascular Treatment of Autogenous Radiocephalic Fistulas with the 'Eighth Note' Deformity for Hemodialysis

    SciTech Connect

    Weng Meijui; Chen, Matt Chiung-Yu; Chi Wenche; Liu Yichun; Chien Kofen; Liang Hueilung; Pan, Huay-Ben

    2010-02-15

    The purpose of this paper is to describe a unique 'eighth note' deformity of the autogenous radiocephalic fistula for hemodialysis and to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of its endovascular treatment. Over 3 years, a total of 808 patients and 558 autogenous radiocephalic fistulas were treated for vascular access dysfunction or thrombosis. These included 14 fistulas in 14 patients (9 men, 5 women; mean age, 58.2 {+-} 2.8 years; range 27-79 years) whose fistulograms before treatment resembled a musical note, the eighth note. Endovascular treatment sought to remodel the deformed vascular access to a classic radiocephalic fistula and increase the number of cannulation sites available for hemodialysis. The technical and clinical success rates were each 92.8% (13/14). Fistula remodeling was successful in 13 patients. The postintervention primary patency was 100% at 90 days, 91.7 {+-} 0.8% at 120 days, 78.6 {+-} 13.9% at 180 days, 62.9 {+-} 17.9% at 360 days, 31.4 {+-} 24.0% at 540 days, and 0% at 720 days. The postintervention secondary patency was 100% at 90 days, 100% at 120 days, 100% at 180 days, 85.7 {+-} 13.2% at 360 days, and 85.7 {+-} 13.2% at 720 days. No major complications were noted. Minor complications were found in 71.4% of patients, all of which resolved spontaneously. In conclusion, endovascular treatment of fistulas with the eighth note deformity can effectively increase the number of available cannulation sites, facilitate fistula maturation, and facilitate thromboaspiration after fistula thrombosis.

  12. Outcomes and Complications After Endovascular Treatment of Brain Arteriovenous Malformations: A Prognostication Attempt Using Artificial Intelligence.

    PubMed

    Asadi, Hamed; Kok, Hong Kuan; Looby, Seamus; Brennan, Paul; O'Hare, Alan; Thornton, John

    2016-12-01

    To identify factors influencing outcome in brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVM) treated with endovascular embolization. We also assessed the feasibility of using machine learning techniques to prognosticate and predict outcome and compared this to conventional statistical analyses. A retrospective study of patients undergoing endovascular treatment of BAVM during a 22-year period in a national neuroscience center was performed. Clinical presentation, imaging, procedural details, complications, and outcome were recorded. The data was analyzed with artificial intelligence techniques to identify predictors of outcome and assess accuracy in predicting clinical outcome at final follow-up. One-hundred ninety-nine patients underwent treatment for BAVM with a mean follow-up duration of 63 months. The commonest clinical presentation was intracranial hemorrhage (56%). During the follow-up period, there were 51 further hemorrhagic events, comprising spontaneous hemorrhage (n = 27) and procedural related hemorrhage (n = 24). All spontaneous events occurred in previously embolized BAVMs remote from the procedure. Complications included ischemic stroke in 10%, symptomatic hemorrhage in 9.8%, and mortality rate of 4.7%. Standard regression analysis model had an accuracy of 43% in predicting final outcome (mortality), with the type of treatment complication identified as the most important predictor. The machine learning model showed superior accuracy of 97.5% in predicting outcome and identified the presence or absence of nidal fistulae as the most important factor. BAVMs can be treated successfully by endovascular techniques or combined with surgery and radiosurgery with an acceptable risk profile. Machine learning techniques can predict final outcome with greater accuracy and may help individualize treatment based on key predicting factors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Endovascular treatment of autogenous radiocephalic fistulas with the "eighth note" deformity for hemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Weng, Mei-Jui; Chen, Matt Chiung-Yu; Chi, Wen-Che; Liu, Yi-Chun; Chien, Ko-Fen; Liang, Huei-Lung; Pan, Huay-Ben

    2010-02-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe a unique "eighth note" deformity of the autogenous radiocephalic fistula for hemodialysis and to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of its endovascular treatment. Over 3 years, a total of 808 patients and 558 autogenous radiocephalic fistulas were treated for vascular access dysfunction or thrombosis. These included 14 fistulas in 14 patients (9 men, 5 women; mean age, 58.2 +/- 2.8 years; range 27-79 years) whose fistulograms before treatment resembled a musical note, the eighth note. Endovascular treatment sought to remodel the deformed vascular access to a classic radiocephalic fistula and increase the number of cannulation sites available for hemodialysis. The technical and clinical success rates were each 92.8% (13/14). Fistula remodeling was successful in 13 patients. The postintervention primary patency was 100% at 90 days, 91.7 +/- 0.8% at 120 days, 78.6 +/- 13.9% at 180 days, 62.9 +/- 17.9% at 360 days, 31.4 +/- 24.0% at 540 days, and 0% at 720 days. The postintervention secondary patency was 100% at 90 days, 100% at 120 days, 100% at 180 days, 85.7 +/- 13.2% at 360 days, and 85.7 +/- 13.2% at 720 days. No major complications were noted. Minor complications were found in 71.4% of patients, all of which resolved spontaneously. In conclusion, endovascular treatment of fistulas with the eighth note deformity can effectively increase the number of available cannulation sites, facilitate fistula maturation, and facilitate thromboaspiration after fistula thrombosis.

  14. Endovascular Treatment with Stent-Retriever Devices for Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    PubMed Central

    Bush, Chad K.; Kurimella, Dayaamayi; Cross, Lee J. S.; Conner, Katherine R.; Martin-Schild, Sheryl; He, Jiang; Li, Changwei; Chen, Jing; Kelly, Tanika

    2016-01-01

    Importance Acute ischemic stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Several recent clinical trials have shown that endovascular treatment improves clinical outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke. Objective To provide an overall and precise estimate of the efficacy of endovascular treatment predominantly using second-generation mechanical thrombectomy devices (stent-retriever devices) compared to medical management on clinical and functional outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke. Data Sources MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Collaboration Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, Web of Science, and NIH ClinicalTrials.gov were searched through November 2015. Study Selection Searches returned 3,045 articles. After removal of duplicates, two authors independently screened titles and abstracts to assess eligibility of 2,495 potentially relevant publications. From these, 38 full-text publications were more closely assessed. Finally, 5 randomized controlled trials of endovascular treatment with predominant use of retrievable stents were selected. Data Extraction and Synthesis Three authors independently extracted information on participant and trial characteristics and clinical events using a standardized protocol. Random effects models were used to pool endovascular treatment effects across outcomes. Main Outcomes and Measures The primary outcome was better functional outcome as measured on the modified Rankin Scale at 90 days of follow-up. Secondary outcomes included all-cause mortality and symptomatic intra-cerebral hemorrhage. Results Five trials representing 1,287 patients were included. Overall, patients randomized to endovascular therapy experienced 2.22 times greater odds of better functional outcome compared to those randomized to medical management (95% CI, 1.66 to 2.98; P < 0.0001). Endovascular therapy was not associated with mortality [OR (95% CI), 0.78 (0.54, 1.12); P = 0.1056] or symptomatic intracerebral

  15. Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: Radiological Diagnosis and Endovascular Treatment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    of SVC syndrome in 1757, which was caused by a syphilitic aortic aneurysm (2). It was originally thought that the majority of cases were caused by...Introduction William Hunter, a Scottish physician who gained notoriety with regard to his description of aneurysms (1), described the first case... aneurysms , however, extrinsic compression from malignancy is now the most common etiology, with bronchogenic lung cancer and lymphoma representing

  16. Spontaneous Subclavian Artery Dissection Causing Ischemia of the Arm: Diagnosis and Endovascular Management

    SciTech Connect

    Ananthakrishnan, Ganapathy Bhat, Rajesh; Zealley, Ian

    2009-03-15

    Spontaneous subclavian artery dissections are rare, with very few cases described in the literature. We report an unusual case of a 62-year-old female who presented with ischemia of the left arm secondary to spontaneous dissection of the first part of the left subclavian artery. We describe the imaging findings on both aortic arch angiogram and CT angiogram and discuss management by endovascular means.

  17. Acute Remodeling of an Adjoining Aneurysm after Endovascular Treatment of a Ruptured Splanchnic Arterial Aneurysm: A Case of Clinically Diagnosed Segmental Arterial Mediolysis

    PubMed Central

    Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Sasaki, Hiroki; Hosaka, Akihiro; Yamamoto, Kota; Okamoto, Hiroyuki; Shigematsu, Kunihiro; Miyata, Tetsuro

    2012-01-01

    A 61-year-old woman with multiple splanchnic arterial aneurysms (SAAs) was transferred to our hospital in a state of shock. She underwent coil embolization under the diagnosis of ruptured pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm. Follow-up computed tomography performed 2 weeks later showed rapid enlargement of a gastric artery aneurysm, and she underwent an additional embolization. Atherosclerotic, inflammatory or hereditary causes were excluded, and the patient was clinically diagnosed with segmental arterial mediolysis accompanied by multiple SAAs, one of which showed acute remodeling after endovascular treatment. PMID:23641269

  18. Acute remodeling of an adjoining aneurysm after endovascular treatment of a ruptured splanchnic arterial aneurysm: a case of clinically diagnosed segmental arterial mediolysis.

    PubMed

    Nishikawa, Yoshitaka; Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Sasaki, Hiroki; Hosaka, Akihiro; Yamamoto, Kota; Okamoto, Hiroyuki; Shigematsu, Kunihiro; Miyata, Tetsuro

    2012-01-01

    A 61-year-old woman with multiple splanchnic arterial aneurysms (SAAs) was transferred to our hospital in a state of shock. She underwent coil embolization under the diagnosis of ruptured pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm. Follow-up computed tomography performed 2 weeks later showed rapid enlargement of a gastric artery aneurysm, and she underwent an additional embolization. Atherosclerotic, inflammatory or hereditary causes were excluded, and the patient was clinically diagnosed with segmental arterial mediolysis accompanied by multiple SAAs, one of which showed acute remodeling after endovascular treatment.

  19. Endovascular Treatment of Internal Carotid and Vertebral Artery Aneurysms Using a Novel Pericardium Covered Stent

    PubMed Central

    Vulev, I.; Klepanec, A.; Bazik, R.; Balazs, T.; Illes, R.; Steno, J.

    2012-01-01

    Summary Intracranial aneurysm is a fairly common (often asymptomatic) condition. Subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with aneurysmal rupture is a potentially lethal event with a mortality rate as high as 50 percent and a high rate of disability among those who survive the initial hemorrhage, such that recently published guidelines support treatment of intracerebral aneurysms. The current treatment options include surgical clipping and endovascular treatment, but these are not without significant problems. Despite the trend toward endovascular treatment the rate of recurrence and complications is high. Current published evidence of the use of covered stent is limited to stents covered with polytetrafluoroethylene. It is now recognized that mammalian extracellular matrix represents an excellent scaffold material suitable for many therapeutic applications and glutaraldehyde treated pericardium has been widely used for many years due to its desirable features such as low immunogenicity and durability. This report describes the first published experience with the Aneugraft Pericardium Covered Stent (ITGI Medical, OR Akiva, Israel) in the treatment of internal carotid and vertebral artery aneurysms in three patients. In all three cases, the implantation of this novel device has resulted in successful closure of aneurysms. PMID:22681731

  20. Midterm results after endovascular treatment of acute, complicated type B aortic dissection: the Talent Thoracic Registry.

    PubMed

    Ehrlich, Marek P; Rousseau, Herve; Heijmen, Robin; Piquet, Philippe; Beregi, Jean-Paul; Nienaber, Christoph A; Sodeck, Gottfried; Fattori, Rossella

    2013-01-01

    To assess the efficacy and midterm results of endovascular treatment of acute complicated type B dissection. From January 1998 to March 2004, 29 patients (7 women and 22 men) with acute complicated aortic type B dissection (mean age, 61 years; range, 22-78), defined as aortic rupture, malperfusion, intractable pain, or uncontrolled hypertension, underwent endovascular stent graft placement with the Medtronic Talent device. Five patients (17%) had undergone previous surgery on the ascending aorta and/or aortic valve. The mean aortic diameter at intervention was 48 ± 13 mm. Follow-up was 100% complete and averaged 53 ± 41 months. The technical feasibility and success with deployment proximal to the entry tear was 100%, requiring partial or total coverage of the left subclavian artery in only 1 patient (3%). Hospital mortality was 17% ± 7% (70% confidence limit) with 6 late deaths. The causes of hospital death included multiorgan failure in 2 patients, aortic rupture in 2, and retrograde dissection in 1 patient. Three patients (10%) who survived the procedure developed neurologic complications (2 strokes and 1 transient ischemic attack). One patient required early conversion to surgery because of retrograde type A dissection. Furthermore, 4 patients developed a type Ia endoleak. A postprocedural increase in the distal aortic diameter was observed in 3 patients. The actuarial survival at 1 and 5 years was 79% and 61%, respectively. Freedom from treatment failure at 1 and 5 years (including reintervention, aortic rupture, device-related complications, aortic-related death, or sudden, unexplained late death) was 82% and 77%, respectively. Endovascular stent graft placement in acute complicated type B aortic dissection proves to be a promising alternative therapeutic treatment modality in this relatively difficult patient cohort. Refinements, especially in stent design and application, could further improve the prognosis of patients in this life-threatening situation

  1. Risk Score for Neurological Complications After Endovascular Treatment of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Ji, Wenjun; Liu, Aihua; Lv, Xianli; Kang, Huibin; Sun, Liqian; Li, Youxiang; Yang, Xinjian; Jiang, Chuhan

    2016-01-01

    Background and Purpose— Procedure-related neurological complications are common after endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. We aimed to develop a score to quantify individual patient risk. Methods— We retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients who underwent endovascular treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms between January 2012 and September 2015. After excluding those who lost to follow-up and those with fusiform unruptured intracranial aneurysms, included patients were randomly divided into a derivation group (60%) and a validation group (40%). A neurological complication was defined as any transient or permanent increase in the modified Rankin Scale score after aneurysm embolization. A risk score for neurological complications was derived from multivariable logistic regression analyses in the derivation group and validated in the validation group. Results— Overall, 1060 patients were included (636 in the derivation group and 424 in the validation group). The incidence of neurological complications was 5.5% (95% confidence interval, 3.8%–7.4%). A 3-point risk score (S-C-C) was derived to predict neurological complications (size [≥10 mm=1], core areas [yes=1], and cerebral ischemic comorbidity [yes=1]). The incidence of neurological complications varied from 2.2% in 0-point patients to 25.0% in 3-point patients. The score demonstrated significant discrimination (C-statistic, 0.714; 95% confidence interval, 0.624–0.804) and calibration (McFadden R2, 0.102) in the derivation group. Excellent prediction, discrimination, and calibration properties were reproduced in the validation group. Conclusions— One in 20 patients will develop neurological complications after endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The S-C-C score may be useful for predicting these adverse outcomes based on variables in daily practice. PMID:26869386

  2. Technique, Complication, and Long-Term Outcome for Endovascular Treatment of Iliac Artery Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Ozkan, Ugur Oguzkurt, Levent; Tercan, Fahri

    2010-02-15

    The aim of this study was to report technical details, procedure-related complications, and results of endovascular treatment in chronic iliac artery occlusion. Between 2001 and 2008, endovascular treatments of 127 chronic iliac artery occlusions in 118 patients (8 women and 110 men; mean age, 59 years) were retrospectively reviewed. The study was based on Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards (Society for Vascular Surgery/International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery Standards). All occlusions were treated with stent placement with or without preliminary balloon angioplasty. Kaplan-Meier estimators were used to determine patency rates. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine variables affecting successful recanalization, major complications, early stent thrombosis ({<=}30 days), and primary and secondary patency rates. Initial technical success was achieved in 117 (92%) procedures. Successful recanalization was obtained by antegrade approach in 69 of 77 (90%) procedures and by retrograde approach in 52 of 105 (50%) procedures (p < 0.001). Complications were encountered in 28 (24%) patients [minor in 7 patients (6%) and major in 22 patients (19%)]. One death occurred in the operative period secondary to iliac artery rupture. Early stent thrombosis was seen in eight (7%) patients. Presence of critical limb ischemia (p = 0.03), subintimal recanalization (p = 0.03), and major complication (p = 0.02) were the independent predictors of early stent thrombosis on multivariate analysis. Primary and secondary patency rates at 5 years were 63 and 93%, respectively. Presence of critical limb ischemia, TASC type C iliac lesions, combined occlusions of both common and external iliac arteries, and major complications were associated with decreased patency rates on univariate analysis, whereas these factors were not independent predictors of stent patency on multivariate analysis. In conclusion, endovascular treatment of iliac artery occlusion has a

  3. Costochondritis: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Proulx, Anne M; Zryd, Teresa W

    2009-09-15

    Costochondritis, an inflammation of costochondral junctions of ribs or chondrosternal joints of the anterior chest wall, is a common condition seen in patients presenting to the physician's office and emergency department. Palpation of the affected chondrosternal joints of the chest wall elicits tenderness. Although costochondritis is usually self-limited and benign, it should be distinguished from other, more serious causes of chest pain. Coronary artery disease is present in 3 to 6 percent of adult patients with chest pain and chest wall tenderness to palpation. History and physical examination of the chest that document reproducible pain by palpation over the costal cartilages are usually all that is needed to make the diagnosis in children, adolescents, and young adults. Patients older than 35 years, those with a history or risk of coronary artery disease, and any patient with cardiopulmonary symptoms should have an electrocardiograph and possibly a chest radiograph. Consider further testing to rule out cardiac causes if clinically indicated by age or cardiac risk status. Clinical trials of treatment are lacking. Traditional practice is to treat with acetaminophen or anti-inflammatory medications where safe and appropriate, advise patients to avoid activities that produce chest muscle overuse, and provide reassurance.

  4. Treatment outcomes and lessons learned from 5134 cases of outpatient office-based endovascular procedures in a vascular surgical practice.

    PubMed

    Lin, Peter H; Yang, Keun-Ho; Kollmeyer, Kenneth R; Uceda, Pablo V; Ferrara, Craig A; Feldtman, Robert W; Caruso, Joseph; Mcquade, Karen; Richmond, Jasmine L; Kliner, Cameron E; Egan, Kaitlyn E; Kim, Walter; Saines, Marius; Leichter, Rhoda; Ahn, Samuel S

    2017-04-01

    Introduction The office-based endovascular facility has increased in number recently due in part to expedient patient experience. This study analyzed treatment outcomes of procedures performed in our office-based endovascular suite. Methods Treatment outcomes of 5134 consecutive procedures performed in our office-based endovascular suites from 2006 to 2013 were analyzed. Five sequential groups (group I-V) of 1000 consecutive interventions were compared with regard to technical success and treatment outcomes. Results Our patients included 2856 (56%) females and 2267 (44%) males. Procedures performed included diagnostic arteriogram, arterial interventions, venous interventions, dialysis access interventions, and venous catheter management, which were 1024 (19.9%), 1568 (30.6%), and 3073 (60.0%), 621(12.1%), and 354 (6.9%), respectively. The complication rates for group I, II, III, IV, and V were 3%, 1.5%, 1%, 1.1%, and 0.7%, respectively. The complication rate was higher in group I when compared to each of the remaining four groups ( p < 0.05). Nine patients (0.18%) died within the 30-day period following their procedures, and none were procedure related. Conclusions Endovascular procedure can be performed safely in an office-based facility with excellent outcomes. Lessons learned in establishing office-based endovascular suites with efforts to reduce procedural complications and optimize quality patient care are discussed.

  5. Endovascular techniques for the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms: 7-year intention-to-treat results.

    PubMed

    Dalainas, Ilias; Nano, Giovanni; Bianchi, Paolo; Stegher, Silvia; Casana, Renato; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico G

    2006-10-01

    The purpose of this single-institution study was to describe our 7-year intention-to-treat results, obtained with the use of endovascular techniques for the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA). From October 1998 until March 2005, a total of 28 patients were admitted or transferred to our department with an rAAA. They were all treated according to a management protocol of intention-to-treat with endovascular techniques. Twenty of the patients received endovascular treatment and the remaining 8 underwent an open surgery procedure. The mortality rate of the endovascularly treated patients was 40% (8 in 20), whereas of the 8 surgical patients 3 survived (mortality = 62.5%). The overall mortality rate of the 28 patients admitted with an rAAA was 46.4% (13 of 28 patients). In our experience the intension-to-treat protocol for rAAA offered acceptable results in terms of mortality rates. Multi-center studies are necessary to establish the role of endovascular treatment in patients with rAAA.

  6. Permanent Pacemaker-Induced Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: Successful Treatment by Endovascular Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Lanciego, Carlos Rodriguez, Mario; Rodriguez, Adela; Carbonell, Miguel A.; Garcia, Lorenzo Garcia

    2003-11-15

    The use of metallic stents in the management of benign and malignant superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is well documented. Symptomatic stenosis or occlusion of the SVC is a rare complication of a transvenous permanent pacemaker implant. Suggested treatments have included anticoagulation therapy, thrombolysis, balloon angioplasty and surgery. More recently, endovascular stenting has evolved as an attractive alternative but the data available in the literature are limited. We describe a case in which venous stenting with a Wallstent endoprosthesis was used successfully. The patient remains symptom free and with normal pacemaker function 36 months later.

  7. Limitations of Endovascular Treatment with Stent-Grafts for Active Mycotic Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Ishida, Masaki; Kato, Noriyuki; Hirano, Tadanori; Shimono, Takatsugu; Yasuda, Fuyuhiko; Tanaka, Kuniyoshi; Yada, Isao; Takeda, Kan

    2002-06-15

    An 81-year-old woman with ruptured mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm was treated with endovascular placement of stent-grafts fabricated from expanded polytetrafluoroethylene and Z-stents. Although exclusion of the aneurysm was achieved at the end of the procedure, a type I endoleak developed on the following day.Despite emergent surgical resection of the aneurysm and extra-anatomical reconstruction, the patient died 2 days later. Stent-graft repair may not be a suitable method for the treatment of ruptured mycotic aneurysm in the presence of active infection.

  8. Endovascular Treatment of a Ruptured Para-Anastomotic Aneurysm of the Abdominal Aorta

    SciTech Connect

    Sfyroeras, Giorgos S.; Lioupis, Christos Bessias, Nikolaos; Maras, Dimitris; Pomoni, Maria; Andrikopoulos, Vassilios

    2008-07-15

    We report a case of a ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysm treated with implantation of a bifurcated stent-graft. A 72-year-old patient, who had undergone aortobifemoral bypass for aortoiliac occlusive disease 16 years ago, presented with a ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysm. A bifurcated stent-graft was successfully deployed into the old bifurcated graft. This is the first report of a bifurcated stent-graft being placed through an 'end-to-side' anastomosed old aortobifemoral graft. Endovascular treatment of ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysms can be accomplished successfully, avoiding open surgery which is associated with increased mortality and morbidity.

  9. Successful endovascular treatment of hemosuccus pancreaticus due to splenic artery aneurysm associated with segmental arterial mediolysis.

    PubMed

    Obara, Hideaki; Matsubara, Kentaro; Inoue, Masanori; Nakatsuka, Seishi; Kuribayashi, Sachio; Kitagawa, Yuko

    2011-11-01

    Hemosuccus pancreaticus, which is generally due to the rupture of a splenic artery aneursym into the pancreatic duct, is a rare cause of intermittent upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a rare arteriopathy. We report a 53-year-old man with hemosuccus pancreaticus due to a splenic artery aneurysm associated with SAM. The patient, who also had a celiac artery aneurysm affected by SAM, was successfully treated by both coil embolization and aortic stent grafting for complete coverage of the celiac artery. SAM is a very rare cause of hemosuccus pancreaticus, and endovascular treatment may be favorable for hemosuccus pancreaticus.

  10. Aneurysm clipping after endovascular treatment with coils: a report of 13 cases.

    PubMed

    Klein, Olivier; Colnat-Coulbois, Sophie; Civit, Thierry; Auque, Jean; Bracard, Serge; Pinelli, Catherine; Marchal, Jean-Claude

    2008-10-01

    In 1996, Civit et al. (Neurosurgery, 38:955-961, 1996) reported a series of eight patients whose aneurysms were clipped after previous embolization with coils. This paper highlighted the safety of this surgery in second line, with a low complication rate and a favorable outcome. The two major surgical indications were either after deliberate partial occlusion of the aneurysm (N=3) or partial occlusion after endovascular treatment (N=3). Reviewing 13 additional patients from 1996 to June 2005, the authors compared the surgical indications and focused on the technical problems of clipping after coiling. Thirteen patients (men=6, women=7) with aneurysm clipping following one or more endovascular embolizations have been operated on since 1996. The patients' files were reviewed retrospectively by both a senior consultant neurosurgeon and a neuroradiologist. Demographic data included sex, age at admission, relevant medical history, initial endosaccular treatment and its quality (partial or complete effectiveness), the rationale for surgery, and the complications arising from the different treatments. In addition to the patient's clinical follow-up, angiograms were performed soon after the surgical procedure, 3 months, 1 year, and 5 years after the coiling, respectively. None of the initial endovascular treatments was complete. Surgical indication was related firstly to anatomical particularities of the aneurysm (width of the neck, N=5; arterial branches from the aneurysm, N=4; no individualized neck in a small aneurysm, N=1); secondly to a shift of the coils with delayed aneurysm regrowth and repermeabilization, N=4; and thirdly to rebleeding, N=3. All the patients who were operated on underwent complete surgical exclusion of their aneurysm (controlled by angiogram). Twelve out of 13 patients recovered satisfactorily (92.3%), attaining the same neurological state they presented prior to surgery. One patient died after the operation. He had already been in a serious

  11. One-step endovascular treatment of bilateral traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulae with atypical clinical course.

    PubMed

    Chiriac, Alexandru; Iliescu, Bogdan F; Dobrin, Nicolae; Poeata, Ion

    2014-01-01

    Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (TCCF) is a rare neurovascular pathologic entity. The bilateral form occurs even rarer and given the potential risk for both optic tracts presents an urgent indication for quick and effective treatment. We present a patient with a bilateral Barrow type A TCCF with a fulminant development of symptoms, who was successfully treated with bilateral detachable balloons in a single session endovascular procedure. The patient experienced complete relief of symptoms, however the complete neurological deficit in the left optic nerve was persistent.

  12. Blister-like aneurysms of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery: challenging endovascular treatment with stent-assisted coiling.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Jung Yong; Cho, Jun Hyung; Jung, Jin Young; Lee, Byung Hee; Yoon, Pyeong Ho

    2008-09-01

    ''Blister-like'' aneurysms of the supraclinoid segment of the internal carotid artery are usually small and have fragile walls, necessitating special care to prevent rebleeding. These lesions are considered high-risk aneurysms because of the technical difficulties associated with their surgical and endovascular treatment. In this report, we describe the use of stent-assisted, repeated coil embolization in the treatment of a ruptured blister-like aneurysm that experienced rapid growth. Stent-assisted coil embolization is an alternative, but sometimes hazardous, treatment for select blister-like aneurysms. Careful serial follow-up angiography will provide documentation as to the long-term stability of the endovascularly treated blister-like aneurysm described here, but early results are encouraging. Alternatively, placement of telescoped stents or graft-stent devices offers promise for future endovascular therapy.

  13. Complete regression of a symptomatic, mycotic juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm after treatment with fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Durgin, Jonathan M; Arous, Edward J; Kumar, Shivani; Robinson, William P; Simons, Jessica P; Schanzer, Andres

    2016-09-01

    Mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysms are rare and present unique challenges when potential treatment options are considered. Although aortic resection with in situ grafting techniques or extra-anatomic reconstruction are the treatments of choice, endovascular aortic repair has emerged as a suitable alternative in critically ill patients. We report the successful endovascular repair of a symptomatic, mycotic juxtarenal aortic aneurysm using a physician-modified fenestrated endograft. In this patient, with >6 months of follow-up, the aneurysm has completely regressed, illustrating that in select patients with complex mycotic aneurysms, endovascular repair combined with appropriate medical management is a viable treatment strategy. Copyright © 2016 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Early Endovascular Treatment of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Complicated by Neurogenic Pulmonary Edema and Takotsubo-Like Cardiomyopathy

    PubMed Central

    Manto, Andrea; De Gennaro, Angela; Manzo, Gaetana; Serino, Antonietta; Quaranta, Gaetano; Cancella, Claudia

    2014-01-01

    Summary Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may be associated with acute cardiopulmonary complications, like neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) and Takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy (TCM). These dysfunctions seem to result from a neurogenically induced overstimulation of the sympathetic nervous system through the brain-heart connection and often complicate poor grade aneurysmal SAH. The optimal treatment modality and timing of intervention in this clinical setting have not been established yet. Early endovascular therapy seems to be the fitting treatment in this particular group of patients, in which surgical clipping is often contraindicated due to the added risk of craniotomy. Herein we describe the case of a woman admitted to the emergency department with aneurysmal SAH complicated by NPE-TCM, in which early endovascular coiling was successfully performed. Our case, characterized by a favorable outcome, further supports the evidence that early endovascular treatment should be preferred in this peculiar clinical scenario. PMID:24976204

  15. Early endovascular treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage complicated by neurogenic pulmonary edema and Takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy.

    PubMed

    Manto, Andrea; De Gennaro, Angela; Manzo, Gaetana; Serino, Antonietta; Quaranta, Gaetano; Cancella, Claudia

    2014-06-01

    Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may be associated with acute cardiopulmonary complications, like neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) and Takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy (TCM). These dysfunctions seem to result from a neurogenically induced overstimulation of the sympathetic nervous system through the brain-heart connection and often complicate poor grade aneurysmal SAH. The optimal treatment modality and timing of intervention in this clinical setting have not been established yet. Early endovascular therapy seems to be the fitting treatment in this particular group of patients, in which surgical clipping is often contraindicated due to the added risk of craniotomy. Herein we describe the case of a woman admitted to the emergency department with aneurysmal SAH complicated by NPE-TCM, in which early endovascular coiling was successfully performed. Our case, characterized by a favorable outcome, further supports the evidence that early endovascular treatment should be preferred in this peculiar clinical scenario.

  16. Delayed pan-hypopituitarism as a complication following endovascular treatment of bilateral internal carotid artery aneurysms. A case report and review.

    PubMed

    Hall, Jonathan; Caputo, Carmela; Chung, Carlos; Holt, Michael; Wang, Yi Yuen

    2015-04-01

    Pan-hypopituitarism has been reported in patients who are subsequently found to have a cerebral aneurysm and there have been reports of pituitary dysfunction immediately following both surgical and endovascular treatment. The authors report a rare case of delayed pan-hypopituitarism following endovascular treatment of bilateral internal carotid artery aneurysms with coil embolisation and flow-diverting stents.

  17. Endovascular Treatment of Internal Iliac Artery Stenosis in Patients with Buttock Claudication

    PubMed Central

    Prince, Jip F.; Smits, Maarten L. J.; van Herwaarden, Joost A.; Arntz, Mark J.; Vonken, Evert-Jan P. A.; van den Bosch, Maurice A. A. J.; de Borst, Gert Jan

    2013-01-01

    Aim To assess the technical feasibility and clinical outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with and without stent placement for treatment of buttock claudication caused by internal iliac artery (IIA) stenosis. Methods Between September 2001 and July 2011, thirty-four patients with buttock claudication underwent endovascular treatment. After angiographic lesion evaluation PTA with or without stent placement was performed. Technical success was recorded. Clinical outcome post-treatment was assessed at three months post-intervention and was classified as: 1) complete relief of symptoms, 2) partial relief, or 3) no relief of symptoms. Complications during follow-up were recorded. Results Forty-four lesions in 34 symptomatic patients were treated with PTA. Eight lesions were treated with additional stent placement. Technical success was achieved in 40/44 lesions (91%). Three procedure-related minor complications occurred, i.e. asymptomatic conservatively treated intimal dissections. After a median of 2.9 months, patients experienced no relief of symptoms in 7/34 cases (21%), partial relief in 14/34 cases (41%), and complete relief in 13/34 cases (38%). Six patients required a reintervention during follow-up. Conclusion Endovascular treatment of IIA stenosis has a high technical success rate and a low complication rate. Complete or partial relief of symptoms is achieved in the majority (79%) of patients. PMID:23951349

  18. Basic treatment planning parameters for a 90Sr / 90Y source train used in endovascular brachytherapy.

    PubMed

    Kirisits, Christian; Berger, Daniel; Schmid, Rainer; Syeda, Bonni; Pokrajac, Boris; Glogar, Dietmar; Pötter, Richard; Georg, Dietmar

    2004-01-01

    Working groups of the AAPM, DGMP, and ESTRO have published recommendations for endovascular brachytherapy, introducing concepts of relevant parameters for dose specification and treatment planning. However, the procedures for this treatment remain often mainly based on trial protocols and manufacturer instructions. Treatment planning requires the essential knowledge of the radial and longitudinal dose distribution, as well as information about geometrical uncertainties. The present study includes a whole data set for daily clinical practice using a commercially available device for endovascular brachytherapy (Novoste Betacath). The dose distribution around the 90Sr seed train was calculated with Monte-Carlo algorithms and verified by film dosimetry. The radial dose profile was determined starting from the surface of the delivery catheter Calculated dose profiles were in good agreement to measured values. The geometrical uncertainties were estimated with a retrospective analysis of 51 patient treatments. This shows the importance of using a safety margin of at least 10 mm between Intervention Length and Reference Isodose Length. Based on the longitudinal dose profile and the necessary safety margins, the maximum treatable intervention length is 25 mm and 45 mm for a 40 mm and 60 mm source train, respectively.

  19. ASPECTS score to select patients for endovascular treatment: the IMS-III trial

    PubMed Central

    Hill, MD; Demchuk, AM; Goyal, M; Jovin, TG; Foster, LD; Tomsick, TA; von Kummer, R; Yeatts, SD; Palesch, YY; Broderick, JP

    2014-01-01

    Background and Purpose The IMS-III trial randomized acute ischemic stroke patients to IV tPA plus endovascular therapy versus IV tPA therapy alone within 3 hours from symptom onset. A pre-defined secondary hypothesis was that subjects with significant early ischemic change on the baseline scan would not respond to endovascular therapy. Methods The primary outcome was 90-day mRS 0–2. The baseline and follow-up CT scan images were reviewed centrally, blinded to any clinical information. We assessed whether the baseline ASPECTS score predicted outcome, and interacted with study treatment. We analyzed subgroups defined by time from onset to IV tPA initiation and baseline occlusion status at a pre-specified alpha = 0.01. Results Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of 656 randomized patients were similar between subjects with a baseline ASPECTS score 8–10 (58% of the study sample) vs 0–7. Subjects with ASPECTS 8–10 were almost twice as likely [RR 1.8 CI99 1.4–2.4] to achieve a favorable outcome. There was insufficient evidence of a treatment-by-ASPECTS interaction. In those treated with onset to IV tPA under 120 minutes, in CTA-proven ICA or MCA occlusion, and in both, results were similar. The probability of achieving recanalization (AOL 2–3) of the primary arterial occlusive lesion [RR 1.3 CI99 1.0–1.8] or achieving TICI 2b/3 reperfusion [RR 2.0 CI99 1.2–3.2] was higher among subjects with higher ASPECTS scores. Conclusions ASPECTS is a strong predictor of outcome and a predictor of reperfusion. ASPECTS did not identify a sub-population of subjects that particularly benefitted from endovascular therapy immediately after routine IV tPA. PMID:24335227

  20. Endovascular treatment versus medical care alone for ischaemic stroke: systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Neves, Joana Briosa; Caldeira, Daniel; Ferro, José M; Ferreira, Joaquim J; Costa, João

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment, particularly adjunctive intra-arterial mechanical thrombectomy, in patients with ischaemic stroke. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, SciELO, LILACS, and clinical trial registries from inception to December 2015. Reference lists were crosschecked. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Randomised controlled trials in adults aged 18 or more with ischaemic stroke comparing endovascular treatment, including thrombectomy, with medical care alone, including intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). Trial endpoints were functional outcome (modified Rankin scale scores of ≤2) and mortality at 90 days after onset of symptoms. No language or time restrictions applied. Results 10 randomised controlled trials (n=2925) were included. In pooled analysis endovascular treatment, including thrombectomy, was associated with a higher proportion of patients experiencing good (modified Rankin scale scores ≤2) and excellent (scores ≤1) outcomes 90 days after stroke, without differences in mortality or rates for symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage, compared with patients randomised to medical care alone, including intravenous rt-PA. Heterogeneity was high among studies. The more recent studies (seven randomised controlled trials, published or presented in 2015) proved better suited to evaluate the effect of adjunctive intra-arterial mechanical thrombectomy on its index disease owing to more accurate patient selection, intravenous rt-PA being administered at a higher rate and earlier, and the use of more efficient thrombectomy devices. In most of these studies, more than 86% of the patients were treated with stent retrievers, and rates of recanalisation were higher (>58%) than previously reported. Subgroup analysis of these seven studies yielded a risk ratio of 1.56 (95

  1. Intracranial stents in the endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Delgado Acosta, F; Jiménez Gómez, E; Bravo Rey, I; Bravo Rodríguez, F A; Ochoa Sepúlveda, J J; Oteros Fernández, R

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intracranial stenting as a rescue therapy after failed mechanical thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We retrospectively studied 42 patients treated with intracranial stenting after failed mechanical thrombectomy between December 2008 and January 2016. We compared outcomes before and after the incorporation of stentrievers. We assessed the degree of recanalization in the carotid and basilar territories (modified TIMI score), prognostic factors, and outcome (modified Rankin Score at 3 months). Safety was evaluated in function of the appearance of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH). Median NIHSS was 17 in patients with carotid territory strokes and 26 in those with vertebrobasilar territory strokes. Median time from onset of symptoms to treatment was 225minutes in carotid territory strokes and 390minutes in vertebrobasilar territory strokes. A total of 10 patients underwent intravenous fibrinolytic therapy before treatment with stentrievers. Two patients developed SICH; both had undergone intravenous fibrinolytic therapy (p=0.0523). Recanalization was effective in 30 (71.4%) in the entire series: in 7 (50%) of 14 patients treated before the incorporation of stentrievers and in 23 (82.1%) of 28 treated after the incorporation of stentrievers (p=0.0666). Outcome at 3 months was good in 2 (14.3%) patients in the earlier group and in 14 (50%) patients in the later group (p=0.042). We found significant associations between recanalization and outcome (p=0.0415) and between shorter time to treatment and outcome (p=0.002). Outcome was good in 14 (48.3%) of the 29 patients with carotid territory strokes and in 2 (15.4%) of the 13 patients with vertebrobasilar territory strokes (p=0.078). Intracranial stenting is the rescue treatment when the usual treatment fails. Stentrievers must be used to eliminate the clot burden before stenting. In our study, antiplatelet treatment did not seem to increase the risk of SICH

  2. Endovascular treatment of recurrent intracranial aneurysms following previous microsurgical clipping with the Pipeline Embolization Device.

    PubMed

    Ding, Dale; Starke, Robert M; Evans, Avery J; Jensen, Mary E; Liu, Kenneth C

    2014-07-01

    The treatment of intracranial aneurysms with microsurgical clipping is associated with a very low rate of recurrence. However, in cases of aneurysm recurrence after previous clipping, microsurgical dissection due to adhesions and fibrosis may be challenging, and it may be difficult to safely occlude the recurrent lesion without the risk of significant morbidity. Flow-diverting stents have drastically changed the landscape of endovascular neurosurgery. We present two patients with large, recurrent supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms which were previously clipped 17 and 23 years ago at outside institutions. Both recurrent lesions were treated with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; ev3 Endovascular, Irvine, CA, USA) without radiographic or clinical complications. In the first patient, the 15 mm aneurysm significantly decreased in size at 6 month angiographic follow-up. The 21 mm aneurysm in the second patient was completely occluded 7 months following PED treatment. The moderate degree of in-stent stenosis present on initial follow-up imaging resolved on angiography 11 months post-treatment. The management of recurrent aneurysms after clipping is sparsely reported in the literature due to its infrequent occurrence. In carefully selected cases, flow-diverting stents may be used for complex aneurysms of the distal ICA, even for those which have recurred following microsurgical clipping.

  3. Endovascular Treatment of Aorto-Iliac-Femoral Anastomotic Pseudoaneurysms: A Multicentric Study.

    PubMed

    Laganà, Domenico; Guzzardi, Giuseppe; Petullà, Maria; Martelli, Massimiliano; Ierardi, Anna Maria; Del Sette, Bruno; Carrafiello, Gian Paolo

    2017-06-08

    The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of anastomotic pseudoaneurysms (APAs) endovascular treatment following aorto-iliac-femoral surgical reconstruction. We retrospectively evaluated 54 patients who underwent aorto-iliac-femoral bypass (72 APAs). Follow-up was performed with echo-color-Doppler and/or computed tomography angiography at 1, 3, and 6 months after the procedure and then yearly. We compared clinical success in terms of mortality between aortic APAs and nonaortic APAs (iliac-femoral-popliteal). Immediate technical success was 100%. No periprocedural complications occurred. Six patients died during follow-up due to causes not related to APA and 5 due to sepsis at 3 months after the procedure. Thirty-day mortality was 9% overall, and we did not register any statistically significant different between aortic APA and nonaortic APA groups. During a mean follow-up of 25.5 months (range: 3-72), we registered 3 occlusions of stent-graft leg, respectively, at 3 days, 7 days, and 24 months after the procedure, 2 type I endoleaks and 1 type III endoleak. Primary clinical success rate was 87.2%, and secondary clinical success was 95.7%. Endovascular treatment resulted as a valid alternative to open surgery and could be proposed as the treatment of choice for APAs especially in patients with a high surgical risk. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Radiological anatomy of upper limb arteries and their anatomical variability: implications for endovascular treatment in critical hand ischemia.

    PubMed

    Mauri, Giovanni; Fresa, Marco; Ferraris, Matteo; Acuña-Valerio, Jorge; Hamade, Meneme; DI Luca, Gabriele; Danzi, Gian B; Ferraresi, Roberto

    2016-12-01

    Critical hand ischemia (CHI) is a quite uncommon but highly disabling condition, generally caused by chronic occlusive arterial disease. For a correct approach to the endovascular treatment of these patients, good knowledge of the normal vascular anatomy and of the most frequently encountered vascular anatomical variations is of paramount importance. In the present paper a description of the normal vascular anatomy of the upper limb and of the most commonly encountered anatomical variations is provided, focusing on the implications for endovascular treatment of patients with CHI. Moreover, data of 151 patients with 172 critically ischemic hands treated at our institution between 2004 and 2016 are presented.

  5. Endovascular treatment of stenosis of autogenous arteriovenous access for hemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Kipiani, V K; Parkosadze, G L; Gogorishvili, I R; Urushadze, O P; Kipiani, K B; Kipshidze, N N

    2009-01-01

    Retrospectively review of long-term outcome of balloon angioplasty (TBA) in the treatment of native dialysis A-V fistulae stenosis was conducted. From February 2008 to January 2009, seven hemodialysis patients (5 women and 2 men; mean age 46.4 years) were treated for stenosis of the A-V fistula at the venous outflow tract. Angioplasty was performed with the use of high-pressure balloons. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was used. There were no any complications during and after procedure. In 4 cases residual stenosis did not exceed 10% and in 3 cases 30%. After 3 month the improvement rate was 85%. Two patients required surgical treatment. None of the patients displayed any major complications from the procedure. This study confirms the efficacy of PTA in the treatment of vascular access stenosis. Elevated dialysis blood line pressure can be the first sign of fistula stenosis. Although our series is small, we have nevertheless demonstrated that the concerted efforts of nephrologists, interventional radiologists, and surgeons are the key to maintaining and prolonging vascular access survival in this group of patients.

  6. Endovascular treatment of a large ruptured middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm in a 5-week-old infant: case report.

    PubMed

    Lyon, Kristopher A; Arrey, Eliel N; Haider, Ali S; Jeevan, Dhruve S; Benardete, Ethan A

    2017-10-01

    Ruptured intracranial aneurysms are extremely rare in infants. The optimal treatment strategy is not well established. Both microsurgical and endovascular techniques and strategies have been tried, and in the literature there is a significant variability in outcome. The authors report the presentation and successful endovascular treatment of a large, ruptured, middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm in a 5-week-old girl, one of only a few reported in the literature. Clinical and radiological findings at follow-up are also presented. The authors then review the literature on aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in infants, with particular regard to outcome after either endovascular or open surgical management. They also provide recommendations for follow-up in pediatric patients whose intracranial aneurysms have been treated with coil embolization.

  7. Endovascular Treatment of Late Aortic Erosive Lesion by Pedicle Screw without Screw Removal: Case Report and Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Zerati, Antonio Eduardo; Leiderman, Dafne Braga Diamante; Teixeira, William Gemio Jacobsen; Narazaki, Douglas Kenji; Cristante, Alexandre Fogaça; Wolosker, Nelson; de Luccia, Nelson; Barros Filho, Tarcísio Eloy Pessoa

    2017-02-01

    Aortic lesions are uncommon complications in spine surgery, but potentially fatal, because they can cause massive bleeding and hemodynamic instability. We report the endovascular treatment of late aortic erosive lesion by pedicle screw without screw removal. A breast cancer patient had a pathological fracture on T10, with spinal cord compression, and a pseudoaneurysm of the aorta in contact with an anterolateral pedicle screw. Endovascular surgery corrected the aortic lesion and allowed decompression, a week later, by posterior arthrodesis (T7-L1), with screw maintenance. There was no contrast leakage at thorax angiotomography in 2 years, and she died of meningeal carcinomatosis. Screw maintenance was safe in the endovascular treatment of aortic lesion by erosion. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Endovascular treatment of a small infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm causing duodenal obstruction: Case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Esposito, Andrea; Menna, Danilo; Mansour, Wassim; Sirignano, Pasqualino; Capoccia, Laura; Speziale, Francesco

    2015-06-01

    Duodenal obstruction caused by abdominal aortic aneurysm was first described by Osler in 1905 and is named "aortoduodenal syndrome." This condition has always been treated by open surgical repair. We report the first case of aortoduodenal syndrome successfully treated by endovascular aneurysm repair. A 74-year-old male patient referred to our hospital complaining postprandial vomit, reporting a consistent weight loss in the latest weeks. Enhanced computed tomography scans showed a small saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm compressing duodenum and inferior vena cava without any other evident pathological finding. As the patient underwent a successful endovascular treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm, symptoms immediately resolved so that he started back to feed and progressively gained body weight. Despite aortoduodenal syndrome is generally caused by large abdominal aortic aneurysm, this condition has to be suspected also in case of small abdominal aortic aneurysm. Differently from what has been reported in literature, endovascular aneurysm repair could be effective in the treatment of aortoduodenal syndrome.

  9. [Cardiovascular syphilis: diagnosis, treatment].

    PubMed

    Carrada-Bravo, Teodoro

    2006-01-01

    Cardiovascular tertiary syphilis may lead to aortitis, aortic aneurism, coronary stenosis, aortic insufficiency and, rarely, to myocarditis. The physician must be familiar with the clinical presentations of this process, including the asymptomatic variety and must be able to have an organized plan for the diagnosis and evaluation to establish or exclude the presence of cardiovascular pathology and the differential diagnosis with other entities. Once the etiologic and topographic diagnosis is established, the patient should be treated with penicillin, doxicycline and other antibiotics, and the consequences of the disorder, both actual and potential, should be considered before deciding weather to recommend surgical intervention. Although late syphilis can be prevented by appropriate therapy of early syphilis, this is a cardiovascular disease that most likely will continue to be diagnosed lately. Understanding of the pathology and pathophysiology of the disease, is most important for its prompt recognition and subsequent management. This paper reviews the natural history, diagnosis and therapy of cardiovascular syphilis.

  10. White-collar sign as a predictor of outcome after endovascular treatment for cerebral aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Fukuda, Kenji; Higashi, Toshio; Okawa, Masakazu; Iwaasa, Mitsutoshi; Yoshioka, Tsutomu; Inoue, Tooru

    2017-03-01

    OBJECTIVE The white-collar sign (WCS) is known as a thick neointimal tissue formation at the aneurysm neck after endovascular coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms, which may prevent aneurysm recanalization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors involved in the appearance of WCS and to identify radiological and clinical outcomes of treated aneurysms with WCS. METHODS The study included 140 patients with 149 aneurysms in which it was possible to confirm the aneurysm neck between the aneurysm sac and parent artery by using conventional angiography. The WCS was defined as a radiolucent band at the aneurysm neck on the angiogram at 6 months after initial embolization. The radiological outcome was evaluated using MR angiography. RESULTS In 23 of 149 aneurysms (15.4%), a WCS appeared. The WCS-positive group had a significantly smaller neck size (3.3 ± 0.8 mm vs 4.2 ± 1.1 mm, p < 0.001) and smaller aneurysm size (4.3 ± 0.9 mm vs 6.0 ± 2.1 mm, p < 0.001) than the WCS-negative group. Multivariate analysis revealed that WCS appearance was associated with small neck size (OR 0.376, 95% CI 0.179-0.787; p = 0.009). In 106 of 149 aneurysms, the rate of complete occlusion was significantly higher in the WCS-positive group (18/18, 100%) than in the WCS-negative group (n = 54/88, 61.4%; p = 0.001) in the mean follow-up period of 31.0 ± 9.7 months (range 5-52 months). Neither major recanalization nor rupture of the aneurysm occurred in the WCS-positive group. CONCLUSIONS Appearance of the WCS was associated with complete occlusion and good clinical outcome after endovascular coil embolization. The WCS would help to determine the prognosis of cerebral aneurysms after endovascular treatment.

  11. Contemporary Role of Computational Analysis in Endovascular Treatment for Thoracic Aortic Disease

    PubMed Central

    van Bogerijen, Guido H.W.; Tolenaar, Jip L.; Conti, Michele; Auricchio, Ferdinando; Secchi, Francesco; Sardanelli, Francesco; Moll, Frans L.; van Herwaarden, Joost A.; Rampoldi, Vincenzo; Trimarchi, Santi

    2013-01-01

    In the past decade, thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become the primary treatment option in descending aneurysm and dissection. The clinical outcome of this minimally invasive technique is strictly related to an appropriate patient/stent graft selection, hemodynamic interactions, and operator skills. In this context, a quantitative assessment of the biomechanical stress induced in the aortic wall due to the stent graft may support the planning of the procedure. Different techniques of medical imaging, like computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, can be used to evaluate dynamics in the thoracic aorta. Such information can also be combined with dedicated patient-specific computer-based simulations, to provide a further insight into the biomechanical aspects. In clinical practice, computational analysis might show the development of aortic disease, such as the aortic wall segments which experience higher stress in places where rupture and dissection may occur. In aortic dissections, the intimal tear is usually located at the level of the sino-tubular junction and/or at the origin of the left subclavian artery. Besides, computational models may potentially be used preoperatively to predict stent graft behavior, virtually testing the optimal stent graft sizing, deployment, and conformability, in order to provide the best endovascular treatment. The present study reviews the current literature regarding the use of computational tools for TEVAR biomechanics, highlighting their potential clinical applications. PMID:26798690

  12. Results of Endovascular Coil Embolization Treatment for Small (≤ 5 mm) Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Siwoo; Lee, Yong-Woo; Kim, Hyo-Joon; Kweon, Chang-young

    2016-01-01

    Objective Researchers and clinicians have been unable to fully elucidate the natural course of and proper treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) smaller than or equal to 5 mm, particularly with regard to whether close observation or surgery is more appropriate. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of endovascular coil embolization of small (≤ 5 mm) asymptomatic UIAs by analyzing outcomes and complications associated with the procedure. Materials and Methods We analyzed data from 150 patients with small asymptomatic UIAs (≤ 5 mm) treated with coil embolization between January 2011 and December 2015. Three-dimensional angiography was used to measure aneurysm size. We evaluated procedure-related morbidity and mortality, immediate post-operative angiographic results, brain computed thomography follow-up results on post-operative day one, and clinical progress. Results UIAs occurred primarily in the anterior circulation area (142 cases, 94.67%), though eight patients exhibited UIAs of the posterior circulation. Following coil embolization, aneurysms with complete occlusion were observed in 137 cases (91.3%). Partial occlusion occurred in five cases (3.33%), while the procedure had failed in eight cases (5.33%). Procedure-related morbidity and mortality were five cases (3.33%) and zero cases, respectively. Conclusion The endovascular treatment of small asymptomatic UIAs is associated with good short-term outcomes without permanent neurologic complications as well as low overall complication and morbidity rates. Thus, the procedure should be considered for patients with smaller asymptomatic UIAs. PMID:27847766

  13. Percutaneous Treatment of Sac Rupture in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Previously Excluded with Endovascular Repair (EVAR)

    SciTech Connect

    Lagana, Domenico Mangini, Monica Fontana, Federico; Nicotera, Paolo; Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Fugazzola, Carlo

    2009-01-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of percutaneous endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) previously treated by EVAR. In the last year, two male patients with AAAs, treated 8 and 23 months ago with bifurcated stent-graft, were observed because of lumbar pain and hemorragic shock. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) showed a retroperitoneal hematoma; in both cases a type III endoleak was detected, in one case associated with a type II endoleak from the iliolumbar artery. The procedures were performed in the theater, in emergency. Type II endoleak was treated with transcatheter superselective glue injection; type III endoleaks were excluded by a stent-graft extension. The procedures were successful in both patients, with immediate hemodynamic stabilization. MDCT after the procedure showed complete exclusion of the aneurysms. In conclusion, endovascular treatment is a safe and feasible option for the treatment of ruptured AAAs previously treated by EVAR; this approach allows avoidance of surgical conversion, which is technical very challenging, with a high morbidity and mortality rate.

  14. Endovascular Treatment for Infra-inguinal Autologous Saphenous Vein Graft Occlusion Using Self Expanding Nitinol Stents.

    PubMed

    Yanagiuchi, T; Kimura, M; Shiraishi, J; Sawada, T

    2016-01-01

    For patients with infra-inguinal autologous vein bypass graft occlusion, conventional open surgical repair or endovascular treatment (EVT) for native vessel occlusion have generally been performed. A 73 year old female with non-healing ulcer and gangrene of the left lower leg was diagnosed as having infra-inguinal autologous saphenous vein graft occlusion. In this case, surgical repair such as patch angioplasty, interposition graft, or replacement graft did not seem promising because of repeated previous infection in the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) vascular prosthesis and absence of available autologous vein due to past surgery. Moreover, there was no chance of crossing the native vessel, since the proximal superficial femoral artery (SFA) had already been resected. Thus, EVT was performed for the occluded autologous vein graft, implanting multiple self expanding bare nitinol stents throughout the vein graft achieving complete revascularization, good medium term patency, and dramatically improved wound healing. Endovascular recanalization using multiple bare stents could be an alternative treatment for infra-inguinal autologous vein graft occlusion.

  15. Bacterial Nanocellulose Magnetically Functionalized for Neuro-Endovascular Treatment.

    PubMed

    Echeverry-Rendon, Mónica; Reece, Lisa M; Pastrana, Fernando; Arias, Sandra L; Shetty, Akshath R; Pavón, Juan Jose; Allain, Jean Paul

    2017-01-24

    Current treatments for brain aneurysms are invasive, traumatic, and not suitable in most patients with increased risks. A new alternative method is using scaffold stents to create a local and focal attraction force of cells for an in situ reconstruction of the tunica media. For this purpose, a nanostructured bioactive coating is designed to render an asymmetric region of the stent scaffold magnetic and biomimetic, which utilizes bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) as a platform for both magnetic and cell attraction as well as proliferation. The magnetization of the BNC is realized through the reaction of Fe III and II, precipitating superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION). Subsequently, magnetic bacterial nanocellulose (MBNC) is coated with polyethylene glycol to improve its biocompatibility. Cytotoxicity and biocompatibility are evaluated using porcine aortic smooth muscle cells. Preliminary cellular migration assays demonstrate the behavior between MBNC and cells labeled with SPION. In this work, (1) synthesis of BNC impregnated with magnetic nanoparticles is successfully demonstrated; (2) a viable, resilient, and biocompatible hydrogel membrane is tested for neuroendovascular application using a stent scaffold; (3) cell viability and minimal cytotoxicity is achieved; (4) cell migration tests and examination of cellular magnetic attraction confirm the viability of MBNC as a multifunctional coating.

  16. Endovascular Treatment of Huge Dissecting Aneurysms Involving the Basilar Artery

    PubMed Central

    Yang, X.; Mu, S.; Lv, M.; Li, L.; Wu, Z.

    2007-01-01

    Summary Dissecting aneurysms involving the basilar artery (BA) are lesions with significant morbidity and mortality. Their management is controversial and often difficult. There is no generally approved strategy. Two cases of huge dissections involving the BA presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage in one case and mass effect in both cases. The dissection of case 1 involved the upper two thirds of the BA distal to the anterior inferior cerebellar arteries (AICA). Another dissection of case 2 involved the bilateral vertebral arteries (VA) distal to bilateral PICA and extended to upper third of the BA. After making a basket with coils inside the pseudoaneursym, proximal dissection was totally occluded in case 1. Dissection on the bilateral VA distal to the bilateral PICA and proximal BA was occluded in case 2 with a small residual dissection on the left VA. Case 1 had an excellent recovery with a durable image and clinical result. But recanalization and regrowth occurred in case 2, which might have originated from the residual dissection on the left VA, induced acute mass effect and sudden coma six weeks after the initial treatment. The residual and regrown dissection had to be occluded in a second intervention. The patient died two days later. BA occlusion is safe and efficient for dissections involving the BA as in our case and the literature. Proximal occlusion might be enough for huge and long lesions like ours. It seems that completely dense packing of proximal dissection is the key point to prevent recanalization. PMID:20566106

  17. Rescue Stenting in Endovascular Treatment of Acutely Ruptured Cerebral Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Mahmoud, M.

    2013-01-01

    Summary Thromboembolic events and major artery occlusion following cerebral aneurysm coiling may lead to serious complications and even death if not treated. The use of an intracranial stent in the setting of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is risky due to the need for antiplatelet therapy. However in some conditions it could be an effective solution for this major problem. This study describes a revascularization technique using a Solitaire stent for treatment of anterior cerebral artery (ACA) occlusion following coiling of anterior communicating artery (Acom) aneurysms. Three cases of ruptured Acom aneurysms treated during the course of SAH underwent unplanned deployment of an intracranial stent. Complete occlusion of the ACA at the origin of the A2 segment developed during or shortly after coiling. Emergent CT brain scan was done in two cases to exclude rebleeding. Follow-up CT or MRI scans were performed 24 hours after stenting. Technical success was achieved in all cases. Complete revascularization of the Acom was achieved post stent deployment (TIMI grade 3). Time from onset of symptoms to full revascularization in the three cases was 35 minutes, one hour 50 minutes and two hours 40 minutes respectively. No intracranial bleeding occurred in any case following the procedure. No neurological changes occurred in case 1; mild neurological and radiological changes occurred in cases 2 and 3. Deployment of an intracranial stent achieved complete revascularization of the occluded Acom. Its use in a context of SAH is relatively risky but the technique resulted in a significant improvement of symptoms following flow restoration and probably helped prevent symptoms worsening, major disability or even death. A study on a larger patient sample with long-term follow-up will be of value. PMID:23472719

  18. Endovascular Treatment Options in the Management of Lower Limb Deep Venous Thrombosis

    SciTech Connect

    Nazir, Sarfraz Ahmed Ganeshan, Arul; Nazir, Sheraz; Uberoi, Raman

    2009-09-15

    Lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Systemic anticoagulation therapy is the mainstay of conventional treatment instituted by most physicians for the management of DVT. This has proven efficacy in the prevention of thrombus extension and reduction in the incidence of pulmonary embolism and rethrombosis. Unfortunately, especially in patients with severe and extensive iliofemoral DVT, standard treatment may not be entirely adequate. This is because a considerable proportion of these patients eventually develops postthrombotic syndrome. This is characterized by chronic extremity pain and trophic skin changes, edema, ulceration, and venous claudication. Recent interest in endovascular technologies has led to the development of an assortment of minimally invasive, catheter-based strategies to deal with venous thrombus. These comprise catheter-directed thrombolysis, percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy devices, adjuvant venous angioplasty and stenting, and inferior vena cava filters. This article reviews these technologies and discusses their current role as percutaneous treatment strategies for venous thrombotic conditions.

  19. Penetrating Atherosclerotic Ulcer of the Abdominal Aorta Involving the Celiac Trunk Origin and Superior Mesenteric Artery Occlusion: Endovascular Treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Ferro, Carlo; Rossi, Umberto G. Petrocelli, Francesco; Seitun, Sara; Robaldo, Alessandro; Mazzei, Raffaele

    2011-02-15

    We describe a case of endovascular treatment in a 64-year-old woman affected by a penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU) of the abdominal aorta with a 26-mm pseudoaneurysm involving the celiac trunk (CT) origin and with superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion in the first 30 mm. The patient underwent stenting to treat the SMA occlusion and subsequent deployment of a custom-designed fenestrated endovascular stent-graft to treat the PAU involving the CT origin. Follow-up at 6 months after device placement demonstrated no complications, and there was complete thrombosis of the PAU and patency of the two branch vessels.

  20. Endovascular Treatment of a Carotid Dissecting Pseudoaneurysm in a Patient with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type IV with Fatal Outcome

    SciTech Connect

    Lim, Siok Ping Duddy, Martin J.

    2008-01-15

    We present a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV (EDS IV) with a carotid dissecting pseudoaneurysm causing severe carotid stenosis. This lesion was treated endovascularly. Unfortunately, the patient died of remote vascular catastrophes (intracranial hemorrhage and abdominal aortic rupture). This unique case illustrates the perils of endovascular treatment of EDS IV patients and the need for preoperative screening for concomitant lesions. It also shows that a dissecting pseudoaneurysm can feasibly be treated with a covered stent and that closure is effective using Angioseal in patients with EDS IV.

  1. Preoperative simulations of endovascular treatment for a cerebral aneurysm using a patient-specific vascular silicone model.

    PubMed

    Kono, Kenichi; Shintani, Aki; Okada, Hideo; Terada, Tomoaki

    2013-01-01

    Silicone models of cerebral aneurysms are used for evaluation of devices, training, or hemodynamic studies. We report preoperative simulations of endovascular treatment for a case with an unruptured wide-neck aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery using a patient-specific silicone model. Using a rapid prototyping system, we created a silicone model based on the vascular image obtained by three-dimensional rotational angiogram. The aneurysm and vessels formed a cavity in the silicone block model. We performed endovascular simulations using several difference devices and attempted possible methods for coil embolization. We designed treatment strategies based on the simulations and performed balloon-assisted coil embolization of the aneurysm. The simulations were especially useful in navigation of a microcatheter by planning the shape of its tip beforehand. There was one significant difference between the silicone model simulations and actual treatment: the shape of the vessel in the silicone block model was not changed by insertion of a catheter or guidewire. This is the first study to describe preoperative endovascular simulations using a patient-specific silicone model. Our methods of creating a patient-specific model are relatively simple and easy. Although this is a single case, we demonstrate that the simulations are feasible and helpful for designing a treatment strategy and safe manipulation of endovascular devices by experiencing their behavior before actual treatment.

  2. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms in the flow diverter era: frequency of use and results in a consecutive series of 550 treatments in a single centre.

    PubMed

    van Rooij, Willem Jan; Bechan, Ratna S; Peluso, Jo P; Sluzewski, Menno

    2014-01-01

    Flow diverter devices became available in our department in 2009. We considered treatment with flow diverters only in patients with aneurysms not suitable for surgery or conventional endovascular techniques. This paper presents our preliminary experience with flow diverters in a consecutive series of 550 endovascular aneurysm treatments. Between January 2009 and July 2013, 550 endovascular treatments for intracranial aneurysms were performed. Of these, 490 were first-time aneurysm treatments in 464 patients and 61 were additional treatments of previously coiled aneurysms in 51 patients. Endovascular treatments consisted of selective coiling in 445 (80.8%), stent-assisted coiling in 68 (12.4%), balloon-assisted coiling in 13 (2.4%), parent vessel occlusion in 12 (2.2%) and flow diverter treatment in 12 (2.2%). Eleven patients with 12 aneurysms were treated with flow diverters. Two patients had ruptured dissecting aneurysms. One patient with a basilar trunk aneurysm died of acute in stent thrombosis and another patient died of brain stem ischaemia at 32 months follow-up. One patient had ischaemia with permanent neurological deficit. Two aneurysms are still open at up to 30 months follow-up. Flow diversion was used in 2% of all endovascular treatments. Both our own poor results and the high complication rates reported in the literature have converted our initial enthusiasm to apprehension and hesitancy. The safety and efficacy profile of flow diversion should discourage the use of these devices in aneurysms that can be treated with other techniques.

  3. Totally Percutaneous Access Using Perclose Proglide for Endovascular Treatment of Aortic Diseases

    PubMed Central

    Saadi, Eduardo Keller; Saadi, Marina; Saadi, Rodrigo; Tagliari, Ana Paula; Mastella, Bernardo

    2017-01-01

    Objective To evaluate our experience following the introduction of a percutaneous program for endovascular treatment of aortic diseases using Perclose Proglide® assessing efficacy, complications and identification of potential risk factors that could predict failure or major access site complications. Methods A retrospective cohort study during a two-year period was performed. All the patients submitted to totally percutaneous endovascular repair (PEVAR) of aortic diseases and transcatheter aortic valve implantation since we started the total percutaneous approach with the preclosure technique from November 2013 to December 2015 were included in the study. The primary endpoint was major ipsilateral access complication, defined according to PEVAR trial. Results In a cohort of 123 patients, immediate technical success was obtained in 121 (98.37%) patients, with only two (0.82%) cases in 242 vascular access sites that required intervention immediately after the procedure. Pairwise comparisons revealed increased major access complication among patients with >50% common femoral artery (CFA) calcification vs. none (P=0.004) and > 50% CFA calcification vs. < 50% CFA calcification (P=0.002). Small artery diameter (<6.5 mm) also increased major access complication compared to bigger diameters (> 6.5 mm) (P=0.027). Conclusion The preclosure technique with two Perclose Proglide® for PEVAR is safe and effective. Complications occur more often in patients with unfavorable access site anatomy and the success rate can be improved with proper patient selection.

  4. Traumatic lumbar artery rupture after lumbar spinal fracture dislocation causing hypovolemic shock: An endovascular treatment.

    PubMed

    Eun, Jong-Pil; Oh, Young-Min

    2015-01-01

    Recently, we observed a case of lumbar artery injury after trauma, which was treated by endovascular embolization. A 67-year-old woman who was injured in a traffic accident was brought to the emergency room. She was conscious and her hemodynamic condition was stable, but she had paraplegia below L1 dermatome. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of abdomen and pelvis revealed fracture dislocation of L3/4 along with retroperitoneal hematomas. However, there was no evidence of traumatic injury in both thoracic and abdominal cavity. At that time, her blood pressure suddenly decreased to 60/40 mmHg and her mental status deteriorated. Also, her hemoglobin level was 5.4 g/dl. While her hemodynamic condition stabilized with massive fluid resuscitation including blood transfusion, an angiography was immediately performed to look for and embolize site of retroperitoneal hemorrhage. On the angiographic images, there was an active extravasation from ruptured left 3rd lumbar artery, and we performed complete embolization with GELFOAM and coil. Lumbar artery injury after trauma is rare and endovascular treatment is useful in case of hemodynamic instability.

  5. Endovascular Treatment of Late Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms after Surgical Repair of Congenital Aortic Coarctation in Childhood

    PubMed Central

    Juszkat, Robert; Perek, Bartlomiej; Zabicki, Bartosz; Trojnarska, Olga; Jemielity, Marek; Staniszewski, Ryszard; Smoczyk, Wiesław; Pukacki, Fryderyk

    2013-01-01

    Background In some patients, local surgery-related complications are diagnosed many years after surgery for aortic coarctation. The purposes of this study were: (1) to systematically evaluate asymptomatic adults after Dacron patch repair in childhood, (2) to estimate the formation rate of secondary thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) and (3) to assess outcomes after intravascular treatment for TAAs. Methods This study involved 37 asymptomatic patients (26 female and 11 male) who underwent surgical repair of aortic coarctation in the childhood. After they had reached adolescence, patients with secondary TAAs were referred to endovascular repair. Results Follow-up studies revealed TAA in seven cases (19%) (including six with the gothic type of the aortic arch) and mild recoarctation in other six (16%). Six of the TAA patients were treated with stentgrafts, but one refused to undergo an endovascular procedure. In three cases, stengrafts covered the left subclavian artery (LSA), in another the graft was implanted distally to the LSA. In two individuals, elective hybrid procedures were performed with surgical bypass to the supraaortic arteries followed by stengraft implantation. All subjects survived the secondary procedures. One patient developed type Ia endoleak after stentgraft implantation that was eventually treated with a debranching procedure. Conclusions The long-term course of clinically asymptomatic patients after coarctation patch repair is not uncommonly complicated by formation of TAAs (particularly in individuals with the gothic pattern of the aortic arch) that can be treated effectively with stentgrafts. However, in some patients hybrid procedures may be necessary. PMID:24386233

  6. Endovascular Treatment of Supra-Aortic Extracranial Stenoses in Patients with Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency Symptoms

    SciTech Connect

    Zaytsev, A.Y. Stoyda, A.Y.; Smirnov, V.E.; Scherbyuk, A.N.; Kondrashin, S.A; Artukchina, E.G.; Kikevitch, V.A.

    2006-10-15

    Purpose. Stenoses and thromboses of vessels feeding the vertebrobasilar territory can evoke serious disturbances including ischemic stroke. We present our experience of endovascular interventions for patients with signs of vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) resulted from subclavian, vertebral and brachiocephalic arterial stenoses. Methods. Twenty-one patients (10 men) aged from 35 to 84 years (mean 64.3 years) with symptoms compatible with VBI underwent balloon angioplasty and stenting of subclavian (SA), innominate (IA) and vertebral (VA) arteries. Procedures were done by radiologists experienced in systematic stenting of the lesions. VBI was manifested by persistent signs in 15 patients, and by transitory ischemic attacks in the posterior circulatory territory in 4 (19%). Two patients (10%) experienced ischemic strokes (in the vertebrobasilar circulation in both cases). In 3 patients (14%) VBI was accompanied by upper limb vascular insufficiency symptoms. All cases were resistant to medical treatment. A neurologist assessed complaints, initial VBI signs and their alteration after intervention in all patients. Outcomes were measured with the 5-point scale suggested by Malek et al.: (1) excellent result (asymptomatic, no neurologic deficits and no symptoms of vertebrobasilar ischemia); (2) good (no neurologic deficits, at most one transient episode of vertebrobasilar ischemia over a period of 3 months after treatment); (3) fair (minimal neurologic deficit and at most one transient episode per month of vertebrobasilar ischemia); (4) poor (no improvement compared with neurologic status before treatment and/or persistent symptoms of vertebrobasilar ischemia); (5) death (regardless of cause). Endovascular treatment was performed for SA stenosis in 15 patients, for SA occlusion in 2, for IA stenosis in 2, and for VA stenosis in 2. There were 15 cases of atherosclerosis, 2 of aortoarteritis, 4 of proximal SA kinking. SA and IA stenoses ranged from 60% to 100% (mean 74

  7. Endovascular Treatment of Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens with Impending Venous Gangrene: Manual Aspiration Thrombectomy as the First-Line Thrombus Removal Method

    SciTech Connect

    Oguzkurt, Levent Ozkan, Ugur; Demirturk, Orhan S.; Gur, Serkan

    2011-12-15

    Purpose: Our purpose was to report the outcome of endovascular treatment with manual aspiration thrombectomy as the first-line thromboablative method for phlegmasia cerulea dolens. Methods: Between October 2006 and May 2010, seven consecutive patients (5 women, 2 men; age range, 31-80 years) with the diagnosis of phlegmasia cerulea dolens secondary to acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis had endovascular treatment with manual aspiration thrombectomy. Catheter-directed thrombolysis and stent placement were used as adjunctive procedures. Phlegmasia was left-sided in five and right-sided in two patients. Results: All patients had associated great saphenous vein thrombosis in addition to iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Aspiration thrombectomy completely removed the thrombus from the popliteal vein to the inferior vena cava (IVC) in all cases. Three patients with May-Thurner syndrome had stent placement in the left common iliac vein. Two patients had early recurrences. Repeated aspiration thrombectomy was unsuccessful in one patient. There were no complications related to the procedure. One patient who had been successfully treated died of sepsis and another patient who had unsuccessful repeated interventions had below-the-knee amputation. Overall, the clinical success and survival rates of patients in this study were 86%. On follow-up, three patients with successful treatment were asymptomatic with no deep venous insufficiency. One of these patients died during the 4-month follow-up period. Two patients had mild ankle swelling with deep venous insufficiency. Conclusions: Manual aspiration thrombectomy with adjunctive use of catheter-directed thrombolysis and stent placement is an effective endovascular treatment method with high clinical success and survival rates for phlegmasia cerulean dolens.

  8. Perinatal genetics: Diagnosis and treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Porter, I.H.; Hatcher, N.H.; Willey, A.M.

    1986-01-01

    This book consists of six sections, each containing several chapters. Some of the chapter titles are: Prenatal Diagnosis of the Fragile X Syndrome; Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis by Chorionic Villus Sampling; Prenatal Treatment of Biochemical Disorders; H-Y Antigen, Sex Determination and Gender Control; and Environmental Factors and Human Birth Defects: Interpretation of Relative Risks in Clinical Genetics.

  9. Diagnosis and treatment of dementia: 2. Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Feldman, Howard H.; Jacova, Claudia; Robillard, Alain; Garcia, Angeles; Chow, Tiffany; Borrie, Michael; Schipper, Hyman M.; Blair, Mervin; Kertesz, Andrew; Chertkow, Howard

    2008-01-01

    Background Dementia can now be accurately diagnosed through clinical evaluation, cognitive screening, basic laboratory evaluation and structural imaging. A large number of ancillary techniques are also available to aid in diagnosis, but their role in the armamentarium of family physicians remains controversial. In this article, we provide physicians with practical guidance on the diagnosis of dementia based on recommendations from the Third Canadian Consensus Conference on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia, held in March 2006. Methods We developed evidence-based guidelines using systematic literature searches, with specific criteria for study selection and quality assessment, and a clear and transparent decision-making process. We selected studies published from January 1996 to December 2005 that pertained to key diagnostic issues in dementia. We graded the strength of evidence using the criteria of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care. Results Of the 1591 articles we identified on all aspects of dementia diagnosis, 1095 met our inclusion criteria; 620 were deemed to be of good or fair quality. From a synthesis of the evidence in these studies, we made 32 recommendations related to the diagnosis of dementia. There are clinical criteria for diagnosing most forms of dementia. A standard diagnostic evaluation can be performd by family physicians over multiple visits. It involves a clinical history (from patient and caregiver), a physical examination and brief cognitive testing. A list of core laboratory tests is recommended. Structural imaging with computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is recommended in selected cases to rule out treatable causes of dementia or to rule in cerebrovascular disease. There is insufficient evidence to recommend routine functional imaging, measurement of biomarkers or neuropsychologic testing. Interpretation The diagnosis of dementia remains clinically integrative based on history, physical examination and

  10. Treatment of Infected Aneurysms of the Abdominal Aorta and Iliac Artery with Endovascular Aneurysm Repair and Percutaneous Drainage.

    PubMed

    Chino, Shuji; Kato, Noriyuki; Noda, Yoshihiro; Oue, Kensuke; Tanaka, Satofumi; Hashimoto, Takashi; Higashigawa, Takatoshi; Miyake, Yoichiro; Okabe, Manabu

    2016-10-01

    Infected aneurysm remains one of the most challenging diseases for vascular surgeons. We describe the successful treatment of 2 cases of infected aneurysms with endovascular aneurysm repair and percutaneous computed tomography-guided drainage. This strategy may be an effective alternative to open surgical repair in selected patients.

  11. [Short and long-term results of endovascular treatment of bifurcational coronary stenosis].

    PubMed

    Shugushev, Z Kh; Movsesiants, M Iu; Maksimkin, D A; Baranovich, V Iu; Faĭbushevich, A G; Stefanov, S A; Tarichko, Iu V

    2010-01-01

    Short and long-term results of endovascular treatment of true bifurcational coronary stenosis were analyzed in 229 patients. 68 patients received a "provisional-T" stenting on the first stage of the study. On the next stage 40 patients received the same "provisional-T" stenting, a total bifurcational stenting was conducted in 37 patients. Only coated stents were used. Independent risk factors of "provisional-T" stenting conversion to total bifurcational stenting were revealed. There were no differences between "provisional-T" and total bifurcational stenting considering the short-term treatment results. Long-term results (12-18 months) were analyzed in 70 patients. There were no restenosis of the main artery, whereas restenosis of the lateral branch was noticed in 5.5 and 2.94%, respectively, in the groups of "provisional-T" and total bifurcational stenting. Late thrombosis was registered in 1 case from the group of total bifurcational stenting.

  12. Facial artery pseudoaneurysm and severe bleeding after tonsillectomy – endovascular treatment with PVA particle embolization

    PubMed Central

    Juszkat, Robert; Korytowska, Aleksandra; Łukomska, Zofia; Zarzecka, Anna

    2010-01-01

    Summary Background: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common procedures performed in ENT departments. The most common complication is a haemorrhage, which incidence is estimated at 3–3.9% of all procedures. Case Report: We present the case of a 32-year-old female with severe bleeding 11 and 23 days after tonsillectomy. An angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm of the facial artery (FA), a 5 mm in diameter, at the level of tonsillar artery takeoff. The FA was embolized with 500-μm particles of PVA. The procedure was successful. The patient did not experience further bleeding. Conclusions: In rare cases post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage may be caused by the pseudoaneurysm of the facial artery. The endovascular embolization of this condition proved to be a valuable treatment method. It is a safe and permanent treatment option in this potentially life-threatening complication. PMID:22802767

  13. TBI Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention

    MedlinePlus

    ... Story: Traumatic Brain Injury TBI Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table of Contents For ... remove ruptured blood vessels or bruised brain tissue Prevention To prevent head injury and reduce the risk ...

  14. Colorectal Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... Past Issues Special Section: Colorectal Cancer Colorectal Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Past Issues / Spring 2009 Table of ... version of this page please turn Javascript on. Symptoms Check with your healthcare provider if you have ...

  15. Aortic Arch Aneurysms: Treatment with Extra anatomical Bypass and Endovascular Stent-Grafting

    SciTech Connect

    Kato, Noriyuki; Shimono, Takatsugu; Hirano, Tadanori; Mizumoto, Toru; Ishida, Masaki; Fujii, Hideki; Yada, Isao; Takeda, Kan

    2002-10-15

    Endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms is emerging as an attractive alternative to surgical graft replacement. However,patients with aortic arch aneurysms are often excluded from the target of endovascular repair because of lack of suitable landing zones, especially at the proximal ones. In this paper we describe our method for treating patients with aortic arch aneurysms using a combination of extra anatomical bypass surgery and endovascular stent-grafting.

  16. Ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the outcome of surgical treatment in experienced hands in the period prior to the advent of endovascular coiling

    PubMed Central

    Lafuente, J; Maurice-Williams, R

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the results of treatment of patients with a ruptured intracranial aneurysm treated by a single experienced vascular neurosurgeon in the period prior to the introduction of endovascular coiling. Methods: Over a mean (SD) period of 9 (2) years, between January 1990 and June 1999, 245 consecutive patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms were treated. Patients' details were obtained from a database that had been constructed prospectively. The patients consisted of all those patients treated by the senior author (Mr Maurice-Williams) over this period—that is, every third day on call at his unit. During this period, all patients under the age of 75 years with a diagnosis of subarachnoid haemorrhage were admitted to the neurosurgical unit as soon as was practicable regardless of clinical grade. Results: Of 245 patients, 190 (77.6%) underwent treatment by open surgery using standard microsurgical techniques. At 1 year, the mortality of the operated patients was 2.6%, while 89.5% of the patients had a Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) of 4 and 5. The overall management outcome (all patients treated, including operated and non-operated cases) at 1 year was: 17.1 % dead while 74.3% had GOS 4 and 5. Of the 190 patients who underwent surgery, 38 (20%) required additional operations, totalling 72 operations in all. Of these, 32 were for hydrocephalus and 17 for the evacuation of intracranial haematomas/collections. Complications of surgery occurred in 56 patients (29.5%). Conclusion: Open surgery, despite good eventual results, is associated with a significant rate of re-operations and complications that would probably be largely avoided with endovascular treatment. Nevertheless, although endovascular coiling has these immediate advantages over surgery it is still not certain that the long term results will be superior to surgery which leads to permanent obliteration of the aneurysm. There may still be a need for open surgery in the future. PMID:14638889

  17. Vertebro-basilar junction aneurysms: a single centre experience and meta-analysis of endovascular treatments.

    PubMed

    Graziano, Francesca; Ganau, Mario; Iacopino, Domenico Gerardo; Boccardi, Edoardo

    2014-12-01

    Vascular lesions of the vertebrobasilar junction (VBJ) are challenging in neurosurgical practice, and their gold-standard therapy is still under debate. We describe the operative strategies currently in use for the management of these complex vascular lesions and discuss their rationale in a literature meta-analysis and single centre blinded retrospective study. The single centre study included a review of initial presentation, angiographic features and clinical outcome (with modified Rankin Scale [mRS] scores) over a long-term follow-up. In our series, small aneurysms were effectively treated by endosaccular coil embolization, whereas a strategy including flow-diverter devices combined with endosaccular coil embolization was the option of choice in large and giant aneurysms, leading to satisfactory outcomes in most cases. Our Medline review showed that endovascular treatment was chosen in most VBJ cases, whereas the microsurgical option was assigned to only a few cases. Among the endovascular treatments, the most common techniques used for the treatment of VBJ aneurysms were: coiling, stent-assisted coiling and flow diversion. Our study highlights that aneurysm morphology, location and patient-specific angio-architecture are key factors to be considered in the management of VBJ aneurysms. Most case series, including our own, show that parent artery reconstruction using a flow-diverter device is a feasible and successful technique in some cases of giant and complex aneurysms (especially those involving the lower third of the basilar artery) while a "sit back, wait and see" approach may represent the safest and most reasonable option.

  18. Vertebro-Basilar Junction Aneurysms: A Single Centre Experience and Meta-Analysis of Endovascular Treatments

    PubMed Central

    Graziano, Francesca; Ganau, Mario; Iacopino, Domenico Gerardo; Boccardi, Edoardo

    2014-01-01

    Summary Vascular lesions of the vertebrobasilar junction (VBJ) are challenging in neurosurgical practice, and their gold-standard therapy is still under debate. We describe the operative strategies currently in use for the management of these complex vascular lesions and discuss their rationale in a literature meta-analysis and single centre blinded retrospective study. The single centre study included a review of initial presentation, angiographic features and clinical outcome (with modified Rankin Scale [mRS] scores) over a long-term follow-up. In our series, small aneurysms were effectively treated by endosaccular coil embolization, whereas a strategy including flow-diverter devices combined with endosaccular coil embolization was the option of choice in large and giant aneurysms, leading to satisfactory outcomes in most cases. Our Medline review showed that endovascular treatment was chosen in most VBJ cases, whereas the microsurgical option was assigned to only a few cases. Among the endovascular treatments, the most common techniques used for the treatment of VBJ aneurysms were: coiling, stent-assisted coiling and flow diversion. Our study highlights that aneurysm morphology, location and patient-specific angio-architecture are key factors to be considered in the management of VBJ aneurysms. Most case series, including our own, show that parent artery reconstruction using a flow-diverter device is a feasible and successful technique in some cases of giant and complex aneurysms (especially those involving the lower third of the basilar artery) while a "sit back, wait and see" approach may represent the safest and most reasonable option. PMID:25489898

  19. Endovascular Treatment of Anastomotic Pseudoaneurysms after Aorto-iliac Surgical Reconstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Lagana, Domenico Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Mangini, Monica Recaldini, Chiara; Lumia, Domenico; Cuffari, Salvatore; Caronno, Roberto; Castelli, Patrizio; Fugazzola, Carlo

    2007-11-15

    Purpose. To assess the effectiveness of endovascular treatment of anastomotic pseudoaneurysms (APAs) following aorto-iliac surgical reconstruction. Materials. We retrospectively evaluated 21 men who, between July 2000 and March 2006, were observed with 30 APAs, 13 to the proximal anastomosis and 17 to the distal anastomosis. The patients had had previous aorto-iliac reconstructive surgery with a bypass due to aneurysm (15/21) or obstructive disease (6/21). The following devices were used: 12 bifurcated endoprostheses, 2 aorto-monoiliac, 4 aortic extenders, 1 stent-graft leg, and 2 covered stents. Follow-up was performed with CT angiography at 1, 3, and 6 months after the procedure and yearly thereafter. Results. Immediate technical success was 100%. No periprocedural complications occurred. Four patients died during follow-up from causes not related to APA, and 1 (treated for prosthetic-enteric fistula) from sepsis 3 months after the procedure. During a mean follow-up of 19.7 months (range 1-72 months), 2 of 21 occlusions of stent-graft legs occurred 3 and 24 months after the procedure (treated with thrombolysis and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and femorofemoral bypass, respectively) and 1 type I endoleak. Primary clinical success rate was 81% and secondary clinical success was 91%. Conclusion. Endovascular treatment is a valid alternative to open surgery and can be proposed as the treatment of choice for APAs, especially in patients who are a high surgical risk. Further studies with larger series and longer follow-up are necessary to confirm the long-term effectiveness of this approach.

  20. Endovascular coil embolization of aneurysm neck for the treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysm with bleb formation

    PubMed Central

    Wan, Jun; Gu, Weijin; Zhang, Xiaolong; Geng, Daoying; Lu, Gang; Huang, Lei; Zhang, Lei; Ge, Liang; Ji, Lihua

    2014-01-01

    Background Ruptured intracranial aneurysm (ICA) with bleb formation (RICABF) is a special type of ruptured ICA. However, the exact role and effectiveness of endovascular coil embolization (ECE) in RICABF is unknown. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of ECE of aneurysm neck for RICABF treatment. Material/Methods We retrospectively assessed consecutive patients who were hospitalized in our endovascular intervention center between October 2004 and May 2012. Overall, 86 patients underwent ECE of aneurysm neck for 86 RICABF. Treatments outcomes included secondary rupture/bleeding rate, aneurysm neck embolization rate, residual/recurrent aneurysm, intraoperative incidents, and post-embolization complications, as well as improvements in the Glasgow outcome scale (extended) (GOS-E). Results Complete occlusion was achieved in 72 aneurysms (72/86, 83.7%), while 12 aneurysms (12/86, 14.0%) had a residual neck, and 2 aneurysms (2/86, 2.3%) had a residual aneurysm. The postoperative GOS-E was 3 in 3 patients (3.5%), 4 in 10 patients (11.6%), and 5 in 73 patients (84.9%). Follow-up angiography was performed in all patients (mean 9.0 months, interquartile range of 9.0). Recurrence was found in 3 patients (3/86, 3.5%). No aneurysm rupture or bleeding was reported. Conclusions Our mid-term follow-up study showed that ECE of aneurysm neck was an effective and safe treatment modality for RICABF. The long-term effectiveness and safety of this interventional radiology technique need to be investigated in prospective and comparative studies. PMID:24986761

  1. In-Stent Stenosis of Stent Assisted Endovascular Treatment on Intracranial Complex Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Yoon, Kyeong-Wook

    2010-01-01

    Objective To introduce the frequency and segment analysis of in-stent stenosis for intracranial stent assisted endovascular treatment on complex aneurysms. Methods A retrospective study was performed in 158 patients who had intracranial complex aneurysms and were treated by endovascular stent application with or without coil embolization. Of these, 102 patients were evaluated with catheter based angiography after 6, 12, and 18 months. Aneurysm location, using stent, time to stenosis, stenosis rate and narrowing segment were analyzed. Results Among follow-up cerebral angiography done in 102 patients, 8 patients (7.8%) were shown an in-stent stenosis. Two patients have unruptured aneurysm and six patients have ruptured one. Number of Neuroform stents were 7 cases (7.5%) and Enterprise stent in 1 case (11.1%). Six patients demonstrated in-stent stenosis at 6 months after stent application and remaining two patients were shown at 12 months, 18 months, respectively. Conclusion In-stent stenosis can be confronted after intracranial stent deployment. In our study, no patient showed symptomatic stenosis and there were no patients who required to further treatment except continuing antiplatets medication. In-stent stenosis has been known to be very few when they are placed into the non-pathologic parent artery during the complex aneurysm treatment, but the authors found that it was apt to happen on follow up angiography. Although the related symptom was not seen in our cases, the luminal narrowing at the stented area may result the untoward hemodynamic event in the specific condition. PMID:21430973

  2. Pertussis Diagnosis & Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... Treatment Prevention Adults Parents-to-be Babies & Children Preteens & Teens Travelers Healthcare Personnel Frequently Asked Questions Photos ... Pregnant Women For Parents of Young Children For Preteens & Teens For Adults For Spanish Speakers Publications Related ...

  3. Pancreatic cancer: diagnosis and treatments.

    PubMed

    Li, Hong-Yu; Cui, Zhong-Min; Chen, Jiang; Guo, Xiao-Zhong; Li, Ying-Yi

    2015-03-01

    Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest cancers, with exceptionally high mortality. Despite the relatively low incidence rate (10th), it is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in most developed countries. To improve the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and strengthen the standardized comprehensive treatment are still the main focus of pancreatic cancer research. Here, we summarized the rapid developments in the diagnosis and treatments of pancreatic cancer. Regarding diagnosis, we reviewed advances in medical imaging technology, tumor markers, molecular biology (e.g., gene mutation), and proteomics. Moreover, great progress has also been made in the treatments of this disease, including surgical resection, chemotherapy, targeted radiotherapy, targeted minimally invasive treatment, and molecular targeted therapy. Therefore, we also recapitulated the development, advantages, and disadvantages of each of the treatment methods in this review.

  4. Cocaine. Diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Weddington, W W

    1993-03-01

    Significant advances in our understanding the phenomenology of cocaine addiction have occurred in the past 12 years such that we now recognize addiction to cocaine as a major public health problem. We now can diagnose cocaine addiction more accurately. Furthermore, cocaine addiction has stimulated creation and testing of novel treatment efforts because standard addiction treatment, although efficacious, is not as effective for cocaine addiction as compared with other addictions. Much remains to be learned. We need to clarify symptoms and syndromes associated with cocaine addiction to more precisely delineate true "comorbidity." Special attention is needed to understand the course and response to treatment in women addicted to cocaine. Also, work is needed to clarify the interaction of HIV, cocaine, and pharmacotherapy used to treat HIV. Regarding treatment, effort is needed to better understand the interactions among educational, group, cognitive-behavioral, and pharmacologic interventions. Specific attention is needed regarding use of 12-step recovery programs adapted for cocaine addicts with comorbid psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, mood, and anxiety disorders. Finally, we need to better understand ways of attracting and holding cocaine addicts in treatment earlier in the course of their disorder. To that end, "nontraditional" interventions, such as acupuncture, deserve systematic examination as alternative methods of recruitment and intervention for certain populations of cocaine addicts.

  5. Profunda Anchor Technique for Ipsilateral Antegrade Approach in Endovascular Treatment of Superficial Femoral Artery Ostial Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Pua, Uei

    2015-04-15

    Endovascular treatment of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is challenging in the presence of flush ostial occlusion. One of the main challenges is the availability of access sites for intervention. Contralateral retrograde femoral access followed by cross-over and antegrade intervention while commonly used, may not be feasible in cases of altered iliac anatomy (e.g. kissing iliac stents). Ipsilateral antegrade intervention using common femoral artery (CFA) access in these instances while possible is typically challenging due to inadequate working length of the CFA for interrogation of the SFA ostium, compounded by the lack of sheath stability. The “profunda anchor” technique uses a buddy wire in the profunda femoris artery (PFA) to stabilize the sheath and allow catheter manipulation for antegrade intervention at the level of the SFA ostium. The PFA is further used as a conduit for deployment of closure device to avoid interference with the treated SFA.

  6. [Endovascular treatment of the renal artery aneurysm with stent and coils].

    PubMed

    Juszkat, Robert; Zarzecka, Anna; Stanisić, Michał; Majewski, Wacław

    2012-01-01

    Aneurysms of the renal artery are very rare and its incidence is estimated at 0.01% of population. A 50-year-old male was admitted to the Department of General and Vascular Surgery due to incidentally diagnosed aneurysm of the left renal artery. Due to wide neck of the aneurysm, a two-step procedure was planned. First, an intracranial stent was implanted into the left renal artery. Second, after 3 months, platinum coils were deposed in the aneurysm sac through the stent struts. Aneurysmal sac was totally occluded. Periprocedural course was uneventful. The endovascular embolization with the use of stent and detachable coils is a safe method of treatment of wide-necked renal artery aneurysms with preserving parent vessel patency.

  7. AngioLab--a software tool for morphological analysis and endovascular treatment planning of intracranial aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Larrabide, Ignacio; Villa-Uriol, Maria-Cruz; Cárdenes, Rubén; Barbarito, Valeria; Carotenuto, Luigi; Geers, Arjan J; Morales, Hernán G; Pozo, José M; Mazzeo, Marco D; Bogunović, Hrvoje; Omedas, Pedro; Riccobene, Chiara; Macho, Juan M; Frangi, Alejandro F

    2012-11-01

    Determining whether and how an intracranial aneurysm should be treated is a tough decision that clinicians face everyday. Emerging computational tools could help clinicians analyze clinical data and make these decisions. AngioLab is a single graphical user interface, developed on top of the open source framework GIMIAS, that integrates some of the latest image analysis and computational modeling tools for intracranial aneurysms. Two workflows are available: Advanced Morphological Analysis (AMA) and Endovascular Treatment Planning (ETP). AngioLab has been evaluated by a total of 62 clinicians, who considered the information provided by AngioLab relevant and meaningful. They acknowledged the emerging need of these type of tools and the potential impact they might have on the clinical decision-making process.

  8. Endovascular Treatment of a Giant Superior Mesenteric Artery Pseudoaneurysm Using a Nitinol Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Gandini, Roberto; Pipitone, Vincenzo; Konda, Daniel Pendenza, Gianluca; Spinelli, Alessio; Stefanini, Matteo; Simonetti, Giovanni

    2005-01-15

    A 68-year-old woman presenting with gastrointestinal bleeding (hematocrit 19.3%) and in a critical clinical condition (American Society of Anesthesiologists grade 4) from a giant superior mesenteric artery pseudoaneurysm (196.0 x 131.4 mm) underwent emergency endovascular treatment. The arterial tear supplying the pseudoaneurysm was excluded using a 5.0 mm diameter and 31 mm long monorail expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)-covered self-expanding nitinol stent. Within 6 days of the procedure, a gradual increase in hemoglobin levels and a prompt improvement in the clinical condition were observed. Multislice CT angiograms performed immediately, 5 days, 30 days and 3 months after the procedure confirmed the complete exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm.

  9. Diagnosis & Treatment of Dystonia

    PubMed Central

    Jinnah, H. A.

    2014-01-01

    Synopsis The dystonias are a group of disorders characterized by excessive involuntary muscle contractions leading to abnormal postures and/or repetitive movements. There are many different clinical manifestations and many different causes. A careful assessment of the clinical manifestations is helpful for identifying syndromic patterns that focus diagnostic testing on potential causes. If a cause can be identified, specific etiology-based treatments may be available. However, in the majority of cases, a specific cause cannot be identified, and treatments are based on symptoms. Treatment options include counseling and education, oral medications, botulinum toxin injections, and several surgical procedures. A substantial reduction in symptoms and improved quality of life can be achieved in the majority of patients by combining these various options. PMID:25432724

  10. Anaphylaxis: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Bethel, James

    Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening condition that is becoming increasingly prevalent. Healthcare professionals working in a variety of settings need to know how to recognise this condition and the importance of treating it promptly. This article describes the pathophysiology, causes and treatment of anaphylaxis.

  11. Tetanus: Diagnosis and Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... is a medical emergency requiring: Care in the hospital Immediate treatment with medicine called human tetanus immune globulin (TIG) Aggressive wound care Drugs to control muscle spasms Antibiotics Tetanus vaccination Depending on how serious the infection is, a machine to help you breathe may ...

  12. Onyx® in endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations – a review

    PubMed Central

    Szajner, Maciej; Roman, Tomasz; Markowicz, Justyna; Szczerbo-Trojanowska, Małgorzata

    2013-01-01

    Summary Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system. In most cases, the disorder may be asymptomatic. The objective of endovascular AVM treatment is set individually for each case upon consultations with a neurosurgeon and a neurologist. The endpoint of the treatment should consist in prevention of AVM bleeding in a management procedure characterized by a significantly lower risk of complications as compared to the natural history of AVM. Endovascular interventions within AVM may include curative exclusion of AVM from circulation, embolization adjuvant to resection or radiation therapy, targeted closure of a previously identified bleeding site as well as palliative embolization. Onyx was first described in the 1990s. It is a non-adhesive and radiolucent compound. Onyx-based closure of the lumen of the targeted vessel is obtained by means of precipitation. The process is enhanced peripherally to the main flux of the injected mixture. This facilitates angiographic monitoring of embolization at any stage. The degree of lumen closure is associated with the location of the vessel. Supratentorial and cortical locations are most advantageous. Dense and plexiform structure of AVM nidus as well as a low number of supplying vessels and a single superficial drainage vein are usually advantageous for Onyx administration. Unfavorable factors include nidus drainage into multiple compartments as well as multiarterial supply of the AVM, particularly from meningeal arteries, en-passant arteries or perforating feeders. Onyx appears to be a safe and efficient material for embolization of cerebral AVMs, also in cases of intracranial bleeding associated with AVM. Curative embolization of small cerebral AVMs is an efficient and safe alternative to neurosurgical and radiosurgical methods. Careful angiographic assessment of individual arteriovenous malformations should be performed before each Onyx administration

  13. Endovascular treatment of penetrating aortic ulcers: mid-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    Mestres, Gaspar; Rodríguez, Rubén; García-Madrid, Cesar; Montañà, Xavier; Burrel, Marta; Cruz, Luis Fernando; Flores, Carlos; Riambau, Vicente

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this work is to describe the short- and mid-term results of endovascular treatment of penetrating ulcers in the thoracic aorta. Between 1998 and 2010, 22 patients with penetrating ulcers in the thoracic aorta received endografts (mean age 69.8 years, 91% male); 50% were indicated for acute aortic syndrome (8 chest pain, 1 aortic rupture, 1 aortobronchial fistula, 1 distal embolization) and 50% for aortic or ulcer diameter. All preoperative, operative and follow-up data were recorded prospectively and met EUROSTAR criteria. Technical success was 100% with no intraoperative deaths or open conversions; 6 (27.3%) required preoperative supraaortic trunk debranching and 1.3 endografts were used per patient; 27.3% developed complications in-hospital and 9.1% required reintervention prior to discharge. Mortality at 30 days was 4.5%. After a mean 52.3 month follow-up (range 0.1-122), cumulative survival free from complications and reinterventions at 100 months was 61.7% and 79.5% respectively, with 95.5% cumulative survival free from aorta- or procedure-related death. We identified no factors significantly related to poor intra- or postoperative clinical course. Endovascular treatment of penetrating aortic ulcers is both possible and effective despite high patient comorbidity. Although a substantial rate of complications and reinterventions can be expected-especially in-hospital-(38.3% and 20.5% respectively at 100 months), long-term mortality is low (4.5%). Copyright © 2011 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  14. Leo Stent for Endovascular Treatment of Broad-Necked and Fusiform Intracranial Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Juszkat, R.; Nowak, S.; Smól, S.; Kociemba, W.; Blok, T.; Zarzecka, A.

    2007-01-01

    Summary The advent of intracranial stents has widened the indications for endovascular treatment of broad-necked and fusiform aneurysms. Leo stent is a self-expandable, nitinol, braided stent dedicated to intracranial vessels. The aim of this study is to present our experience in endovascular treatment of broad-necked and fusiform intracranial aneurysms using self-expanding, nitinol Leo stents. Between February 2004 and November 2006, 25 broad-necked and three fusiform aneurysms in 28 patients were treated using Leo stents in our centre. There were 18 patients who experienced acute subarachnoid haemorrhage due to aneurysm rupture, two patients who experienced SAH at least 12 months ago and in eight patients aneurysms were found incidentally. Aneurysms were located as follows: internal carotid artery15, basilar artery5, basilar tip3, posterior inferior cerebral artery2, M1/M2 segment1, A2 segment1 and vertebral artery1. There were no difficulties with stent deployment and delivery. All patients after acute SAH (n=18) underwent stent implantation and coil embolization in one procedure. The remaining patients underwent coil embolization in a staged procedure. Immediate aneurysm occlusion of more than 95% was achieved in all patients who underwent stent placement and coil embolization in one procedure. There were three thromboembolic complications encountered in patients in an acute setting of SAH, preloaded only on acetylsalicylic acid. Use of abciximab led to patency within the stent and parent vessel. However, one of these patients presented rebleeding from the aneurysm during administration of abciximab and died. Application of Leo stents in cases of broadnecked and fusiform intracranial aneurysms is safe and effective with a low complication rate. PMID:20566117

  15. A direct nitinol stent delivery technique for endovascular treatment: a sheath-less stenting technique.

    PubMed

    Shintani, Yoshiaki; Kawasaki, Tomohiro; Fujimura, Takashi; Ishida, Kouichirou; Higuchi, Takanori; Kajiwara, Masataka; Fukuoka, Ryota; Orita, Yoshiya; Umeji, Kyoko; Koga, Hisashi; Koga, Nobuhiko

    2015-04-01

    Access site problems often cause serious complications in endovascular treatment. The aim of this study is to investigate whether a sheath-less nitinol stenting technique leads to reduce access site complications. This study was a single-center retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database. The study enrolled consecutive 98 patients with 111 lesions undergoing provisional stenting for de novo iliac artery or femoro-popliteal artery stenosis between August 2010 and November 2011. The patients were divided into two groups, a conventional procedure group and a sheath-less procedure group. The outcomes of this study were peri-procedural access site complications, initial success rate, procedure time, hemostatic time and bed-rest time. Forty-four lesions in 39 patients that treated using the sheath-less nitinol stent delivery technique were compared with 67 lesions in 59 patients treated using the conventional procedure. All procedures were successful. The incidence of pseudoaneurysm was significantly lower in the sheath-less procedure group than in the conventional procedure group (p = 0.043). However, there were no significant differences in any other complications. No significant difference was observed in the procedural time (p = 0.309). However, hemostatic time and bed-rest time were significantly shorter in the sheath-less procedure than in the conventional procedure (p < 0.0001). A sheath-less stenting technique reduced the access site incidence of pseudoaneurysm and did not increase other access site complications. Besides, this technique shortened hemostatic time and bed-rest time. The sheath-less stenting technique is considered to be a useful method for endovascular treatment.

  16. Multimodal CT versus MRI in Selecting Acute Stroke Patients for Endovascular Treatment

    PubMed Central

    García-Bermejo, Pablo; Castaño, Carlos; Dávalos, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Arterial revascularization is the most effective therapy for acute stroke patients. Systemic thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator based on baseline non-contrast CT (NCCT) imaging criteria is the only treatment approved to date, which is limited by severe timing and medical restrictions, and a narrow efficacy. The simple imaging methodology required contrast with the current wide range of imaging modalities available, which permits the physician to rapidly obtain an estimation of the most relevant pathophysiological factors involved in an acute stroke, overcoming the limited capability of NCCT. Multimodal CT and MRI combine techniques that aim to depict the neurovasculature and the status of the brain parenchyma, including the presence of hemorrhage and infarction, as well as the viability of the cerebral ischemic areas involved. These additional imaging procedures have been explored in clinical studies and trials to guide intravenous thrombolysis in acute stroke patients beyond the currently established time windows, with inconclusive results. However, emergent endovascular materials and techniques are evolving, showing promising results with increasing rates of arterial recanalization with an acceptable safety profile, therefore becoming a potential alternative and complimentary treatment, although the current lack of a high level of evidence is limiting their use in routine clinical practice. Nevertheless, these advanced neuroimaging methods can be used to improve the selection of candidates for these novel invasive therapies and, moreover, to help the interventionist to design a faster and safer procedure. In this article, we review the basic aspects of both CT and MRI modalities and the state of the evidence of these imaging tools to guide endovascular therapy, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each method. PMID:25187769

  17. Endovascular Treatment of Central Vein Stenoses and/or Occlusions in Hemodialysis Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Maskova, Jana; Komarkova, Jana; Kivanek, Jiri; Danes, Jan; Slavikova, Marcela

    2003-02-15

    Purpose: To report our experience and results with the endovascular treatment of central vein stenoses and occlusions in hemodialysis patients. Methods: Between October 1999 and August 2001 (22 months) we performed 22 interventional procedures in 14 hemodialysis patients (8 women, 6 men) ranging in age from 38 to 87 years (mean 76 years). The indication for intervention was stenosis (n = 10) or occlusion (n =4) of a central vein in the upper arm used for dialysis inpatients with arm swelling and/or shunt malfunction. All patients had a previous history of subclavian vein cannulation. There were six percutaneous transluminal angioplasties (PTAs) and eight primary stentplacements and eight repeat interventions. Seven were for restenoses and one for early occlusion, with two secondary stent placements and six PTA of in-stent stenoses. In two patients a second stent was implanted. The mean follow-up was 8.5 months (range 1-19 months). All stents were self-expandable with diameters ranging from 9 to 16 mm. Results: All but one of the procedures was technically successful (95%, n = 21). The patient with an unsuccessful procedure died 1 month after the procedure, but the death was not procedure-related. During follow-up three patients died with a patent shunt and central vein, none of them in connection with the procedure. No complication occurred during the interventional procedures. One patient was lost to follow-up. The primary patency rate at 12 months was 43%, with a primary assisted patency rate of 83% and a secondary patency rate of 100% (n 6). Conclusion: Central vein stenoses and occlusions are associated with previous subclavian vein cannulation. They are a serious problem in hemodialysis patients with a shunt on the same arm.Endovascular treatment is a suitable option for these patients.

  18. Onyx(®) in endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations - a review.

    PubMed

    Szajner, Maciej; Roman, Tomasz; Markowicz, Justyna; Szczerbo-Trojanowska, Małgorzata

    2013-07-01

    Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system. In most cases, the disorder may be asymptomatic. The objective of endovascular AVM treatment is set individually for each case upon consultations with a neurosurgeon and a neurologist. The endpoint of the treatment should consist in prevention of AVM bleeding in a management procedure characterized by a significantly lower risk of complications as compared to the natural history of AVM. Endovascular interventions within AVM may include curative exclusion of AVM from circulation, embolization adjuvant to resection or radiation therapy, targeted closure of a previously identified bleeding site as well as palliative embolization. Onyx was first described in the 1990s. It is a non-adhesive and radiolucent compound. Onyx-based closure of the lumen of the targeted vessel is obtained by means of precipitation. The process is enhanced peripherally to the main flux of the injected mixture. This facilitates angiographic monitoring of embolization at any stage. The degree of lumen closure is associated with the location of the vessel. Supratentorial and cortical locations are most advantageous. Dense and plexiform structure of AVM nidus as well as a low number of supplying vessels and a single superficial drainage vein are usually advantageous for Onyx administration. Unfavorable factors include nidus drainage into multiple compartments as well as multiarterial supply of the AVM, particularly from meningeal arteries, en-passant arteries or perforating feeders. Onyx appears to be a safe and efficient material for embolization of cerebral AVMs, also in cases of intracranial bleeding associated with AVM. Curative embolization of small cerebral AVMs is an efficient and safe alternative to neurosurgical and radiosurgical methods. Careful angiographic assessment of individual arteriovenous malformations should be performed before each Onyx administration.

  19. [Cheilitis: Diagnosis and treatment].

    PubMed

    Samimi, Mahtab

    2016-02-01

    The whole examination of oral cavity, other mucosae and skin is required when managing a cheilitis. Irritants (climatic, mechanical, caustic agents...) constitute the main aetiological factors of cheilitis. Allergic contact cheilitis should be investigated with a detailed anamnesis in order to search any causative agent in contact with the oral mucosae. Patch testing is required to confirm the diagnosis of delayed hypersensivity. Chronic actinic cheilitis occurs mostly in middle-aged, fair-skinned men. It is a potentially malignant condition that requires biopsies to exclude severe dysplasia or carcinoma. Angular cheilitis can occur spontaneously but is frequently related with several precipitating factors, such as systemic immune suppression, local irritation and moisture, fungal and/or bacterial infection. Cheilitis can also be seen in various systemic conditions such as lichen planus, lupus, atopic dermatitis and nutritional deficiencies. Erosive and crusty cheilitis and bullous erosive stomatitis are the main oral features of erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Granulomatous macrocheilitis (cheilitis granulomatosa) presents with intermittent or permanent lip swelling. It should be confirmed by a biopsy. It can be either isolated (Miescher macrocheilitis) or associated with various systemic conditions.

  20. Breast cancer: Diagnosis and treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Ariel, I.M.; Clearly, J.B.

    1987-01-01

    This is a publication about the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer with an appeal for unified reporting of end results. Nine chapters cover historical reviews, risk factors, pathology-receptors-immunology, detection and diagnosis, treatment of the potentially curable patient, and treatment of the patient with advanced disease. The three concluding chapters discuss reconstruction, special clinical situations, and support for the patient. The role of radiation therapy is presented well. The current status of chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and combined therapies is also addressed by authoritative authors.

  1. Trichotillomania: Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kress, Victoria E. White; Kelly, Brandy L.; McCormick, Laura J.

    2004-01-01

    This article examines the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of trichotillomania (the recurrent desire to pull out one's hair). The authors provide a brief review both of proposed etiologies of trichotillomania and of the diagnostic and assessment issues related to this disorder, and they discuss interventions and treatments that have been shown…

  2. Trichotillomania: Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kress, Victoria E. White; Kelly, Brandy L.; McCormick, Laura J.

    2004-01-01

    This article examines the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of trichotillomania (the recurrent desire to pull out one's hair). The authors provide a brief review both of proposed etiologies of trichotillomania and of the diagnostic and assessment issues related to this disorder, and they discuss interventions and treatments that have been shown…

  3. Impetigo: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Hartman-Adams, Holly; Banvard, Christine; Juckett, Gregory

    2014-08-15

    Impetigo is the most common bacterial skin infection in children two to five years of age. There are two principal types: nonbullous (70% of cases) and bullous (30% of cases). Nonbullous impetigo, or impetigo contagiosa, is caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes, and is characterized by honey-colored crusts on the face and extremities. Impetigo primarily affects the skin or secondarily infects insect bites, eczema, or herpetic lesions. Bullous impetigo, which is caused exclusively by S. aureus, results in large, flaccid bullae and is more likely to affect intertriginous areas. Both types usually resolve within two to three weeks without scarring, and complications are rare, with the most serious being poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. Treatment includes topical antibiotics such as mupirocin, retapamulin, and fusidic acid. Oral antibiotic therapy can be used for impetigo with large bullae or when topical therapy is impractical. Amoxicillin/clavulanate, dicloxacillin, cephalexin, clindamycin, doxycycline, minocycline, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and macrolides are options, but penicillin is not. Natural therapies such as tea tree oil; olive, garlic, and coconut oils; and Manuka honey have been anecdotally successful, but lack sufficient evidence to recommend or dismiss them as treatment options. Treatments under development include minocycline foam and Ozenoxacin, a topical quinolone. Topical disinfectants are inferior to antibiotics and should not be used. Empiric treatment considerations have changed with the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, with methicillin-resistant S. aureus, macrolide-resistant streptococcus, and mupirocin-resistant streptococcus all documented. Fusidic acid, mupirocin, and retapamulin cover methicillin-susceptible S. aureus and streptococcal infections. Clindamycin proves helpful in suspected methicillin-resistant S. aureus infections. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole covers methicillin-resistant S

  4. Treatment of anterior communicating artery aneurysms: complementary aspects of microsurgical and endovascular procedures.

    PubMed

    Proust, François; Debono, Bertrand; Hannequin, Didier; Gerardin, Emmanuel; Clavier, Erick; Langlois, Olivier; Fréger, Pierre

    2003-07-01

    Endovascular and surgical treatment must be clearly defined in the management of anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms. In this study the authors report their recent experience in using a combined surgical and endovascular team approach for ACoA aneurysms, and compare these results with those obtained during an earlier period in which surgical treatment was used alone. Morbidity and mortality rates, causes of unfavorable outcomes, and morphological results were also assessed. The prospective study included 223 patients who were divided into three groups: Group A (83 microsurgically treated patients, 1990-1995); Group B (103 microsurgically treated patients, 1996-2000); and Group C (37 patients treated with Guglielmi Detachable Coil [GDC] embolization, 1996-2000). Depending on the direction in which the aneurysm fundus projected, the authors attempted to apply microsurgical treatment to Type 1 aneurysms (located in front of the axis formed by the pericallosal arteries). They proposed the most adapted procedure for Type 2 aneurysms (located behind the axis of the pericallosal arteries) after discussion with the neurovascular team, depending on the physiological status of the patient, the treatment risk, and the size of the aneurysm neck. In accordance with the classification of Hunt and Hess, the authors designated those patients with unruptured aneurysms (Grade 0) and some patients with ruptured aneurysms (Grades I-III) as having good preoperative grades. Patients with Grade IV or V hemorrhages were designated as having poor preoperative grades. By performing routine angiography and computerized tomography scanning, the causes of unfavorable outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale [GOS] score < 5) and the morphological results (complete or incomplete occlusion) were analyzed. Overall, the clinical outcome was excellent (GOS Score 5) in 65% of patients, good (GOS Score 4) in 9.4%, fair (GOS Score 3) in 11.6%, poor (GOS Score 2) in 3.6%, and fatal in 10.3% (GOS Score

  5. Role of the latest endovascular technology in the treatment of intermittent claudication.

    PubMed

    Ichihashi, Shigeo; Kichikawa, Kimihiko

    2014-01-01

    Intermittent claudication is a serious symptom in patients with peripheral arterial disease, and severely limits activities of daily living. Conservative treatment (optimal medical therapy and exercise rehabilitation programs) and revascularization procedures (endovascular treatment [EVT] or open bypass surgery) can relieve intermittent claudication. Among these treatment options, EVT has developed dramatically during the past decade, and has enabled physicians to offer less invasive treatment options with increasing durability. EVT for aortoiliac lesions has matured, and its long-term patency now approaches that of open bypass surgery. The latest EVT technologies include drug-eluting stents, stent grafts, drug-coated balloons, and bioresorbable stents. The recently reported patency of stent grafts in the femoropopliteal lesions was comparable with that of the prosthetic bypass graft. In the course of the paradigm shift from bypass surgery to EVT, evidence of any long-term benefit of EVT compared with supervised exercise is still inconclusive. EVT could improve walking performance in the short-term, while supervised exercise could improve walking performance more efficiently in the long-term. Combined treatment with EVT and exercise may offer the most sustainable and effective symptom relief. This paper reviews the relevant literature on the treatment of intermittent claudication, focusing on the latest EVT technologies, and outlines a strategy for achieving long-term benefits.

  6. Anatomically Based Approach for Endovascular Treatment of Vertebro-Vertebral Arteriovenous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Yeh, Chih-Hua; Chen, Yao-Liang; Wu, Yi-Ming; Huang, Yu-Chieh; Wong, Ho-Fai

    2014-01-01

    Summary Vertebro-vertebral arteriovenous fistula (VV-AVF) is a rare vascular disorder with an abnormal high-flow shunt between the extracranial vertebral artery (VA), its muscular or radicular branches and an adjacent vein. To date, there are no guidelines on the best treatment for VV-AVF. We present our experience of VV-AVF treatment with covered stents in three patients and detachable coils in two patients. One patient with fistula at the V3 segment had rapid fistula recurrence one week after covered stent treatment. The possible causes of failed treatment in this patient are discussed. The currently available treatment modalities for VV-AVF are also summarized after a literature review. At the end of this article, we propose a new concept of anatomically based approach for endovascular treatment of VV-AVF. Fistula in the V1-2 segments of vertebral artery could be treated safely and effectively by covered stent with the benefit of preserving VA patency. Embolization with variable embolizers should be considered first for fistula in the V3 segment because of the tortuous course and flexibility of the VA in this segment. PMID:25496689

  7. Endovascular Treatment of In-Stent Occlusion: New Technique for Recanalization of Long Superficial Femoral Artery Occlusion (Direct Stent Puncture Technique)

    SciTech Connect

    Palena, Luis Mariano Cester, Giacomo; Manzi, Marco

    2012-04-15

    In-stent reocclusion is a frequent complication of endovascular treatment and stenting, especially in the superficial femoral artery. Neointimal hyperplasia is the main cause of this problem, but in many cases, it occurs as a result of the presence of stent strut fractures. The two treatment options are endovascular and surgical intervention. The effectiveness of endovascular interventions in patients with critical limb ischemia has been well established, but in some cases, crossing the occluded stent is difficult. We describe a new technique to recanalize long in-stent superficial femoral artery occlusions characterized by direct stent puncture, followed by retrograde-antegrade recanalization after antegrade failures.

  8. Endovascular treatment of in-stent occlusion: new technique for recanalization of long superficial femoral artery occlusion (direct stent puncture technique).

    PubMed

    Palena, Luis Mariano; Cester, Giacomo; Manzi, Marco

    2012-04-01

    In-stent reocclusion is a frequent complication of endovascular treatment and stenting, especially in the superficial femoral artery. Neointimal hyperplasia is the main cause of this problem, but in many cases, it occurs as a result of the presence of stent strut fractures. The two treatment options are endovascular and surgical intervention. The effectiveness of endovascular interventions in patients with critical limb ischemia has been well established, but in some cases, crossing the occluded stent is difficult. We describe a new technique to recanalize long in-stent superficial femoral artery occlusions characterized by direct stent puncture, followed by retrograde-antegrade recanalization after antegrade failures.

  9. Rosacea: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    PubMed

    Oge', Linda K; Muncie, Herbert L; Phillips-Savoy, Amanda R

    2015-08-01

    Rosacea is a chronic facial skin condition of unknown cause. It is characterized by marked involvement of the central face with transient or persistent erythema, telangiectasia, inflammatory papules and pustules, or hyperplasia of the connective tissue. Transient erythema, or flushing, is often accompanied by a feeling of warmth. It usually lasts for less than five minutes and may spread to the neck and chest. Less common findings include erythematous plaques, scaling, edema, phymatous changes (thickening of skin due to hyperplasia of sebaceous glands), and ocular symptoms. The National Rosacea Society Expert Committee defines four subtypes of rosacea (erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular) and one variant (granulomatous). Treatment starts with avoidance of triggers and use of mild cleansing agents and moisturizing regimens, as well as photoprotection with wide-brimmed hats and broad-spectrum sunscreens (minimum sun protection factor of 30). For inflammatory lesions and erythema, the recommended initial treatments are topical metronidazole or azelaic acid. Once-daily brimonidine, a topical alpha-adrenergic receptor agonist, is effective in reducing erythema. Papulopustular rosacea can be treated with systemic therapy including tetracyclines, most commonly subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline. Phymatous rosacea is treated primarily with laser or light-based therapies. Ocular rosacea is managed with lid hygiene, topical cyclosporine, and topical or systemic antibiotics.

  10. Combined endovascular and surgical treatment of infected carotid-carotid bypass graft.

    PubMed

    Younis, George; Reul, George J; Krajcer, Zvonimir

    2006-10-01

    To present a complex case involving an infected carotid-carotid bypass graft that was successfully treated with a stent-graft and subsequent surgical removal of the infected graft. A 75-year-old woman presented with persistent purulent drainage of an infected and exposed carotid-carotid prosthetic bypass graft. Wound cultures revealed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. She was treated with appropriate intravenous antibiotic therapy without improvement in wound drainage. Because of her comorbid conditions, a decision was made to pursue endovascular revascularization of her left and right common carotid arteries (CCA), with subsequent surgical removal of the infected prosthetic graft. The patient underwent balloon angioplasty; a 7x18-mm Omnilink stent was deployed in the innominate artery and a 7x18-mm Herculink stent in the ostial left CCA. During the same procedure, the carotid-carotid bypass graft was excluded with deployment of an 8x50-mm Viabahn stent-graft in the right CCA. Several days later, the infected and now thrombosed carotid-carotid bypass graft was surgically removed, and an area of adjacent muscle was used to patch the previously excluded connection of the bypass from the right CCA. A saphenous vein patch was used to repair the defect in the left CCA. Her postoperative course was uneventful. At 1 year, the clinical and duplex examinations revealed satisfactory wound healing and patent left and right CCAs. This case indicates that a combined endovascular and surgical approach may be a safe and effective option in the treatment of carotid-carotid bypass graft infection.

  11. Distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms: endovascular or surgical treatment? A case report.

    PubMed

    Saponiero, R; Toriello, A; Locatelli, G; Pugliese, N D; Napoli, A N; Napoli, M; Siani, A; Cuomo, G; Panza, M P; Narciso, N; Posteraro, L

    2008-04-07

    Cerebral aneurysms are occasionally associated with anomalies of the cerebral arteries. Most reports on anomalies of the anterior cerebral artery have been concerned with hypoplasia, fenestration and the infra-optic course of the A1, variant A1 perforators or Heubner's artery, multi-channeled anterior communicating artery, and azygos anterior cerebral artery. Distal anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysms are known to have a poor clinical course and prognosis compared to other supratentorial aneurysms. The presence of the unpaired, distal, postcommunicating (A2) segment of the ACA is very rare in adults. We describe a patient with a ruptured aneurysm arising from the proximal end of the azygos ACA, first surgically treated with clipping and then with endovascular coiling. A 37-year-old woman at 34 weeks' gestation was transferred to our emergency room with sudden onset of severe headache and vomiting. Computed tomography (CT) revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage in the basal cisterna and the sylvian and interhemispheric fissures. Cerebral angiography showed an azygos ACA, a saccular aneurysm at the junction of the azygos ACA and the right A1 segment. A right fronto-temporal craniotomy was performed in the day of admission, and the neck of the aneurysm was clipped. One year later, an angiographic control examination revealed a regrowth of the aneurysm. The patient underwent endovascular treatment with coiling. Aneurysms of the azygos ACA are rare and their pathogenesis and course are still a matter of discussion. Developmental abnormalities or dynamic vessel wall stresses can explain the high incidence of aneurysms in these cases. The association of a rare anatomical variant with an aneurysm in the same location may suggest an embryogenesis alteration in the Willis circulation.

  12. Comparing perfusion CT evaluation algorithms for predicting outcome after endovascular treatment in anterior circulation ischaemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Khaw, A V; Angermaier, A; Kirsch, M; Kessler, C; Hosten, N; Langner, S

    2015-05-01

    To analyse perfusion CT (PCT) evaluation algorithms for their predictive value for outcome after endovascular therapy (ET) in acute ischaemic stroke. Twenty-six patients were prospectively enrolled to undergo endovascular therapy for moderate to severe [National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score of ≥5] anterior circulation stroke ≤6 h of onset. PCT datasets were evaluated according to three algorithms: visual mismatch estimate (VME), Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score (ASPECTS) perfusion, and quantitative perfusion ratios (QPRs: RCBF, RCBV) of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and volume (CBV). Results were correlated with outcome measures [NIHSS score at discharge, NIHSS score change until discharge (ΔNIHSSA/D), mRS at 90 days (mRS90d)] and compared with a matched control group. Recanalization was achieved in 73%, median NIHSS score decreased from 14 to 5 at discharge. The treatment and control group did not differ by VME and ASPECTS perfusion, nor did VME correlate with any of the three outcome measures. ASPECTS perfusion was not predictive of any outcome measure in the ET group. RCBF and RCBV were associated with ΔNIHSSA/D in controls and, inversely, the ET group, but not with mRS90d. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of RCBF (and RCBV) showed a positive predictive and negative predictive value of 87% (78%) and 74% (73%), respectively, for discriminating major neurological improvement (ΔNIHSSA/D <7 versus ≥7). Implementation of QPRs for CBF and CBV are superior to clinically used VME and ASPECTS perfusion evaluation methods for predicting early outcome after ET for anterior circulation stroke. Copyright © 2015 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Hydrocephalus in a patient with an unruptured pial arteriovenous fistula: hydrodynamic considerations, endovascular treatment, and clinical course.

    PubMed

    Morales-Gómez, Jesús A; Garza-Oyervides, Vicente V; Arenas-Ruiz, José A; Mercado-Flores, Mariana; Elizondo-Riojas, C Guillermo; Boop, Frederick A; de León, Ángel Martínez-Ponce

    2017-03-01

    Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas, also known as nongalenic fistulas, are rare vascular malformations affecting predominantly the pediatric population. Hydrocephalus is an unusual presentation in which the exact pathophysiology is not fully understood. The aim of treatment in these cases is occlusion of the fistula prior to considering ventricular shunting. Here, the authors describe the hydrodynamic considerations of the paravascular pathway and the resolution of hydrocephalus with endovascular treatment of the fistula.

  14. Plague: Clinics, Diagnosis and Treatment.

    PubMed

    Nikiforov, Vladimir V; Gao, He; Zhou, Lei; Anisimov, Andrey

    2016-01-01

    Plague still poses a significant threat to human health and as a reemerging infection is unfamiliar to the majority of the modern medical doctors. In this chapter, the plague is described according to Dr. Nikiforov's experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of patients, and also a review of the relevant literature on this subject is provided. The main modern methods and criteria for laboratory diagnosis of plague are briefly described. The clinical presentations include the bubonic and pneumonic form, septicemia, rarely pharyngitis, and meningitis. Early diagnosis and the prompt initiation of treatment reduce the mortality rate associated with bubonic plague and septicemic plague to 5-50 %; although a delay of more than 24 h in the administration of antibiotics and antishock treatment can be fatal for plague patients. Most human cases can successfully be treated with antibiotics.

  15. Rhabdomyolysis: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Torres, Patrick A.; Helmstetter, John A.; Kaye, Adam M.; Kaye, Alan David

    2015-01-01

    Background Rhabdomyolysis is a complex medical condition involving the rapid dissolution of damaged or injured skeletal muscle. Methods This review focuses on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, presentation, diagnosis, complications, management, and anesthetic considerations related to rhabdomyolysis. Results Any form of muscle damage––and by extension any entity that causes muscle damage––can initiate rhabdomyolysis. One of the most important treatment goals when rhabdomyolysis is suspected is avoiding acute kidney injury. Conclusion All clinicians should be aware of common causes, diagnosis, and treatment options. PMID:25829882

  16. THRIVE score predicts outcomes with a third-generation endovascular stroke treatment device in the TREVO-2 trial.

    PubMed

    Flint, Alexander C; Xiang, Bin; Gupta, Rishi; Nogueira, Raul G; Lutsep, Helmi L; Jovin, Tudor G; Albers, Gregory W; Liebeskind, David S; Sanossian, Nerses; Smith, Wade S

    2013-12-01

    Several outcome prediction scores have been tested in patients receiving acute stroke treatment with previous generations of endovascular stroke treatment devices. The TREVO-2 trial was a randomized controlled trial comparing a novel endovascular stroke treatment device (the Trevo device) to a previous-generation endovascular stroke treatment device (the Merci device). We used data from the TREVO-2 trial to validate the Totaled Health Risks in Vascular Events (THRIVE) score in patients receiving treatment with a third-generation endovascular stroke treatment device and to compare THRIVE to other predictive scores. We used logistic regression to model outcomes and compared score performance with receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. In the TREVO-2 trial, the THRIVE score strongly predicts clinical outcome and mortality. The relationship between THRIVE score and outcome is not influenced by either success of recanalization or the type of device used (Trevo versus Merci). The superiority of the Trevo device to the Merci device is evident particularly among patients with a low-to-moderate THRIVE score (0-5; 53.8% good outcome with Trevo versus 27.5% good outcome with Merci). In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the THRIVE score was comparable or superior to several other outcome prediction scores (HIAT, HIAT-2, SPAN-100, and iScore). The THRIVE score strongly predicts clinical outcome and mortality in the TREVO-2 trial. Taken together with THRIVE validation data from patients receiving intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator or no acute treatment, the THRIVE score has broad predictive power in patients with acute ischemic stroke, which is likely because THRIVE reflects a set of strong nonmodifiable predictors of stroke outcome. A free Web calculator for the THRIVE score is available at http://www.thrivescore.org.

  17. Endovascular Treatment in Emergency Setting of Acute Arterial Injuries After Orthopedic Surgery

    SciTech Connect

    Carrafiello, Gianpaolo Fontana, Federico Mangini, Monica Ierardi, Anna Maria Lagana, Domenico; Piacentino, Filippo Vizzari, Francesco Alberto Spano, Emanuela Fugazzola, Carlo

    2012-06-15

    Purpose: To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of emergency endovascular treatment of acute arterial injuries after orthopedic surgery. Materials and Methods: Fifteen patients (mean age 68.3 years) with acute arterial injuries after orthopedic surgery were observed, in particular, 5 patients with pseudoaneurysm, 9 patients with active bleeding, and 1 patient with arterial dissection. Transarterial embolization (TAE) and positioning of covered and noncovered stents were the treatments performed. Follow-up after stent implantation (mean 36 months) was performed with color Doppler US (CDU) at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Plain X-ray was performed to evidence dislodgment or fracture of the graft. A minimum of 12 months' follow-up is available after TAE. Results: Immediate technical success was obtained in all cases. No major complications occurred. Overall clinical success rate was 100%. During mean follow-up, stent-graft occlusions did not occurred. No recurrence and/or consequence of TAE was registered during a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Conclusions: Percutaneous treatment is a feasible and safe tool for treating arterial injuries because it can provide fast and definitive resolution of the damage. This low-invasiveness approach can be proposed as first-line treatment in patients with acute injuries after orthopedic surgery.

  18. Endovascular Treatment of Wide-Necked Visceral Artery Aneurysms Using the Neurovascular Comaneci Neck-Bridging Device: A Technical Report.

    PubMed

    Maingard, Julian; Kok, Hong Kuan; Phelan, Emma; Logan, Caitriona; Ranatunga, Dinesh; Brooks, Duncan Mark; Chandra, Ronil V; Lee, Michael J; Asadi, Hamed

    2017-06-29

    Visceral and renal artery aneurysms (VRAAs) are an uncommon clinical entity but carry a risk of rupture with associated morbidity and mortality. The rupture risk is particularly high when the aneurysms are large, of unfavourable morphology or in the setting of pregnancy and perioperative period. Endovascular approaches are now first line in the treatment of VRAA, but conventional techniques may be ineffective in excluding aneurysms with unfavourable anatomy such as those with wide necks or at arterial bifurcation points. The neurovascular Comaneci neck-bridging device is used to temporarily cover the neck of intracranial aneurysms without occluding forward arterial flow during endovascular coiling. We report the novel use of the Comaneci neck-bridging device for the treatment of complex peripheral VRAAs. We describe the treatment of two patients with renal and splenic artery aneurysms demonstrating unfavourable anatomic morphology for conventional endovascular approaches. In the first patient, the renal artery aneurysm was situated at the intrarenal bifurcation of the main renal artery in the setting of a solitary kidney. In the second patient, the splenic artery aneurysm was situated close to the splenic hilum at the distal splenic arterial bifurcation. The Comaneci neck-bridging device was successfully used in both cases to assist coil embolisation with visceral preservation. The Comaneci neck-bridging device is potentially safe and effective for the treatment of peripheral VRAA with unfavourable anatomic characteristics that would have been deemed unsuitable for treatment using conventional techniques. Level 4, Technical Report.

  19. The financial burden of surgical and endovascular treatment of diabetic foot wounds.

    PubMed

    Joret, Maximilian O; Dean, Anastasia; Cao, Colin; Stewart, Joanna; Bhamidipaty, Venu

    2016-09-01

    The cost of treating diabetes-related disease in New Zealand is increasing and is expected to reach New Zealand dollars (NZD) 1.8 billion in 2021. The financial burden attached to the treatment of diabetic foot wounds is difficult to quantify and reported costs of treatment vary greatly in the literature. As of yet, no study has captured the true total cost of treating a diabetic foot wound. In this study, we investigate the total minimum cost of treating a diabetic foot ulcer at a tertiary institution. A retrospective audit of hospital and interhospital records was performed to identify adult patients with diabetes who were treated operatively for a diabetic foot wound by the department of vascular surgery at Auckland Hospital between January 2009 and June 2014. Costs from the patients' admissions and outpatient clinics from their first meeting to the achievement of a final outcome were tallied to calculate the total cost of healing the wound. The hospital's expenses were calculated using a fully absorbed activity-based costing methodology and correlated with a variety of demographic and clinical factors extracted from patients' electronic records using a general linear mixed model. We identified 225 patients accounting for 265 wound episodes, 700 inpatient admissions, 815 outpatient consultations, 367 surgical procedures, and 248 endovascular procedures. The total minimum cost to the Auckland city hospital was NZD 10,217,115 (NZD 9,886,963 inpatient costs; NZD 330,152 outpatient costs). The median cost per wound episode was NZD 29,537 (NZD 28,491 inpatient costs; NZD 834 outpatient cost). Wound healing was achieved in 70% of wound episodes (average length of healing, 9 months); 19% of wounds had not healed before the patient's death. Of every 3.5 wound episodes, one required a major amputation. Wound treatment modality, particularly surgical management, was the strongest predictor of high resource utilization. Wounds treated with endovascular intervention and no

  20. Endovascular treatment of juxta-anastomotic venous stenoses of forearm radiocephalic fistulas: long-term results and prognostic factors.

    PubMed

    Mortamais, Julie; Papillard, Matthieu; Girouin, Nicolas; Boutier, Romain; Cougnaud, Laure; Martin, Xavier; Badet, Lionel; Juillard, Laurent; Rouvière, Olivier

    2013-04-01

    To evaluate long-term results of endovascular procedures in treatment of venous juxta-anastomotic stenoses (JASs) of native forearm radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and to identify prognostic factors influencing these results. During a 124-month period, 147 endovascular interventions were performed in 75 forearm radiocephalic AVFs with JASs defined as stenoses located within the first 5 cm of the outflow vein. Prognostic factors included patient characteristics (age, sex, diabetes), AVF-related characteristics (location on forearm, age, maturity), stenosis-related characteristics (position relative to anastomosis, length, and degree), and degree of residual stenosis and delay of restenosis after the first endovascular procedure. At 1 and 3 years, access primary patency (PP) rates were 46.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 36.3%-59.9%) and 25.5% (95% CI, 15.7%-41.6%) and assisted PP (APP) rates were 81.3% (95% CI, 72.6%-91.1%) and 63.2% (95% CI, 50.6%-79.0%), respectively. Stenosis degree of 50%-75% (P = .017), stenosis length of 10 mm or more (P = .017), and time before first restenosis of less than 6 months (P = .03) significantly increased the frequency of endovascular procedures during follow-up. However, only the degree of residual stenosis after the first endovascular treatment significantly affected long-term APP (P = .039). When residual stenosis was less than 50%, 1- and 2-year access APP rates were 84.6% (95% CI, 75.8%-94.4%) and 76.1% (95% CI, 64.6%-89.6%), respectively. When it was at least 50%, the respective APP rates were 62.3% (95% CI, 38.9%-99.9%) and 46.8% (95% CI, 22.4%-97.7%). Endovascular treatment of JASs in forearm radiocephalic AVFs provides good long-term results except when the residual stenosis after the first procedure is 50% or more. In that case, the optimal treatment remains to be determined. Copyright © 2013 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Treatment of Endovascular Coil and Stent Migration Using the Merci Retriever: Report of Three Cases

    PubMed Central

    Kung, David K.; Abel, Taylor J.; Madhavan, Karthik H.; Dalyai, Richard T.; Dlouhy, Brian J.; Liu, Wei; Jabbour, Pascal M.; Hasan, David M.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Coil and stent migration is a potentially catastrophic complication in endovascular neurosurgery, which may lead to cerebral thromboembolism. Techniques for removing migrated coil and stent are not well established. Methods and Results. We present three cases in which coil or stent migration occurred during endovascular embolization of a cerebral aneurysm. The Merci Retrievers were used successfully in all cases to remove the displaced foreign bodies. Technical details are described. Conclusion. The Merci Retriever device can be utilized successfully for removal of migrated coils and stents in endovascular neurosurgery. PMID:22666264

  2. Diagnosis and treatment of haemorrhoids.

    PubMed

    Buntzen, Steen; Christensen, Peter; Khalid, Ali; Ljungmann, Ken; Lindholt, Jan; Lundby, Lilli; Walker, Line Rossell; Raahave, Dennis; Qvist, Niels

    2013-12-01

    These guidelines provide a review of diagnosis, conservative and surgical treatment of haemorrhoids with primary focus on the surgical treatment. In symptomatic hemorrhoids it is recommended, that conservative treatment is used as basic treatment regardless of grading. The vast majority of grade II haemorrhoids are treated conservatively, but surgery may be considered in a few cases with pronounced symptoms. In these cases chirurgia minor, Doppler guided dearterilization procedures or stapled haemorrhoidopexy are recommended. In grade III and IV Doppler guided dearterilization procedures, stapled haemorrhoidopexy (Grade III) or conventional Milligan Morgan haemorrhoidectomy are recommended.

  3. Trends and outcomes of endovascular and open treatment for traumatic thoracic aortic injury.

    PubMed

    Jonker, Frederik H W; Giacovelli, Jeannine K; Muhs, Bart E; Sosa, Julie Ann; Indes, Jeffrey E

    2010-03-01

    Traumatic thoracic aortic injury (TTAI) is associated with high mortality rates. Data supporting thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) to reduce mortality and morbidity for TTAI is limited to small series and meta-analyses. In this study, we evaluated the trends and outcomes of open surgery and TEVAR for TTAI in New York State. All cases of TTAI in New York State between 2000 and 2007 were extracted from the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database. A diagnosis by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision coding of TTAI was required for inclusion. We identified 328 patients with TTAI who underwent surgical repair in New York State between 2000 and 2007; mean age of the cohort was 39.3 years +/- 18 years; 80% were male. Open repair of TTAI was performed in 79.6% and 20.4% underwent TEVAR. Open repair was performed for all cases of TTAI until the introduction of TEVAR in 2005; TEVAR exceeded the use of open repair for TTAI in 2006 and 2007. Additional major injuries were present in 71.7% in the open repair group vs 91.0% of the TEVAR group (P = .001). The overall in-hospital mortality rate for the 8-year period was significantly increased after open repair of TTAI compared with TEVAR: 17% vs 6%, (odds ratio [OR] 3.19, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-9.23; P = .024). After controlling for the significant covariates, TEVAR independently reduced the risk of death following surgical intervention for TTAI compared with the open procedure (OR 3.8, 95% CI, 1.28-10.99; P = .010). Respiratory complications were the most common postoperative morbidity, and were significantly increased after open repair: 38% vs 24% (OR 1.95; 95% CI, 1.05-3.60; P = .032). There were no significant differences in cardiac complications, acute renal failure (ARF), paraplegia, or stroke. Endoleak and distal embolization each occurred in 9% of patients after TEVAR. There has been a shift toward endovascular management of patients with TTAI

  4. Hyperaldosteronism: diagnosis, lateralization, and treatment.

    PubMed

    Harvey, Adrian M

    2014-06-01

    Primary hyperaldosteronism is an important and commonly unrecognized secondary cause of hypertension. This article provides an overview of the current literature with respect to screening, diagnosis, and lateralization. Selection and outcomes of medical and surgical treatment are discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Mental Retardation: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poser, Charles M., Ed.

    A collection of writings by 17 authors, the text includes the following discussions: general principles of diagnosis and management of mental retardation, neurologic evaluation of the infant and child, psychological evaluation, educational information, and treatment of pseudoretardation, communicative disorders, and metabolic and endocrine causes.…

  6. Mental Retardation: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poser, Charles M., Ed.

    A collection of writings by 17 authors, the text includes the following discussions: general principles of diagnosis and management of mental retardation, neurologic evaluation of the infant and child, psychological evaluation, educational information, and treatment of pseudoretardation, communicative disorders, and metabolic and endocrine causes.…

  7. Mid-Term Outcomes of Endovascular Treatment for TASC-II D Femoropopliteal Occlusive Disease with Critical Limb Ischemia

    SciTech Connect

    Torres-Blanco, Álvaro Edo-Fleta, Gemma; Gómez-Palonés, Francisco; Molina-Nácher, Vicente; Ortiz-Monzón, Eduardo

    2016-03-15

    PurposeThe purpose of the study was to assess the safety and midterm effectiveness of endovascular treatment in Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC-II) D femoropopliteal occlusions in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).MethodsPatients with CLI who underwent endovascular treatment for TASC-D de novo femoropopliteal occlusive disease between September 2008 and December 2013 were selected. Data included anatomic features, pre- and postprocedure ankle-brachial index, duplex ultrasound, and periprocedural complications. Sustained clinical improvement, limb salvage rate, freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR), and freedom from target extremity revascularization (TER) were assessed by Kaplan–Meier estimation and predictors of restenosis/occlusion with Cox analysis.ResultsThirty-two patients underwent treatment of 35 TASC-D occlusions. Mean age was 76 ± 9. Mean lesion length was 23 ± 5 cm. Twenty-eight limbs (80 %) presented tissue loss. Seventeen limbs underwent treatment by stent, 13 by stent-graft, and 5 by angioplasty. Mean follow-up was 29 ± 20 months. Seven patients required major amputation and six patients died during follow-up. Eighteen endovascular and three surgical TLR procedures were performed due to restenosis or occlusion. Estimated freedom from TLR and TER rates at 2 years were 41 and 76 %, whereas estimated primary and secondary patency rates were 41 and 79 %, respectively.ConclusionsEndovascular treatment for TASC II D lesions is safe and offers satisfying outcomes. This patient subset would benefit from a minimally invasive approach. Follow-up is advisable due to a high rate of restenosis. Further follow-up is necessary to know the long-term efficacy of these procedures.

  8. Endovascular treatment of stenosis between hepatic vein and inferior vena cava following liver transplantation in a child: a case report.

    PubMed

    Carnevale, Francisco Cesar; Borges, Marcus Vinicius; Pinto, Ricardo Augusto de Paula; Oliva, José Luiz; Andrade, Wagner de Castro; Maksoud, João Gilberto

    2004-12-01

    The liver transplantation technique advances have allowed the endovascular treatment of stenosis between hepatic vein and inferior vena cava, and this has become an established and widely acceptable method for the treatment of patients with end-stage liver disease. However, in spite of the advances in the surgical technique of liver transplantation there is relatively still a high incidence of postoperative complications, especially those related to vascular complications. One technical variant of orthotopic liver transplantation is the piggyback technique with conservation of the recipient vena cava, which is anastomosed to the graft hepatic veins. As a consequence of the increased number of liver transplants in children, there is a higher demand for endovascular treatment of vascular stenosis, such as those at the level of the hepatic veins. This leads to more consistent experience of endovascular treatment of the surgical vascular complications following liver transplantation. This article describes the case of a child submitted to liver transplantation with reduced graft (left lateral segment) who presented stenosis of the anastomosis between the hepatic vein and IVC 6 months later which was successfully treated by PTA.

  9. Vascular anomalies: A pictorial review of nomenclature, diagnosis and treatment

    PubMed Central

    Nosher, John L; Murillo, Philip G; Liszewski, Mark; Gendel, Vyacheslav; Gribbin, Christopher E

    2014-01-01

    Vascular anomalies, including vascular malformations and tumors, are frequently straightforward to detect; however, accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment are often challenging. Misdiagnosis of these lesions can lead clinicians in the wrong direction when treating these patients, which can have unfavorable results. This review presents an overview of the classification systems that have been developed for the diagnosis of vascular lesions with a focus on the imaging characteristics. Pictorial examples of each lesion on physical examination, as well as non-invasive and minimally invasive imaging are presented. An overview of the endovascular treatment of these lesions is also given. In some cases, vascular anomalies may be associated with an underlying syndrome and several of the most commonly encountered syndromes are discussed. Understanding of the classification systems, familiarity with the treatment options and knowledge of the associated syndromes are essential for all physicians working with this patient population. The approach to the described entities necessitates an organized multi-disciplinary team effort, with diagnostic imaging playing an increasingly important role in the proper diagnosis and a combined interventional radiologic and surgical treatment method showing promising results. PMID:25276311

  10. Endovascular Treatment of Aneurysms of the Popliteal Artery By a Covered Endoprosthesis

    PubMed Central

    Wissgott, Christian; Lüdtke, Christopher W; Vieweg, Hendryk; Scheer, Fabian; Lichtenberg, Michael; Schlöricke, Erik; Andresen, Reimer

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE The current gold standard of popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) treatment is saphenous vein bypass grafting. The aim of this retrospective single-center study is to investigate the safety and efficacy in the treatment of PAA by an endovascular implanted covered endoprosthesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten patients, mean age 64.6 (range, 52–78) years, with PAA were treated with an expanded Polytetrafluoroethylen (ePTFE)-covered stent graft (Viabahn®, W.L. Gore and Associates Inc, Flagstaff, AZ, USA). In median, 1.4 prostheses were implanted with a median length of 180 mm. Follow-up visits included determination of ankle-brachial index (ABI) and color-coded duplex sonography. RESULTS The technical success rate was 100% (10/10). Clinically, there was an increase in ABI from 0.62 ± 0.17 to 0.91 ± 0.15 postinterventionally and to 0.89 ± 0.16 after an average follow-up of 24.7 months. During the follow-up period, 2 (20%) stent occlusions occurred; both of them were treated with a bypass graft. CONCLUSION The treatment of PAA with covered endoprosthesis is a safe and effective alternative to open surgical therapy, where open surgical therapy is contraindicated or patient refused open surgery. PMID:25574145

  11. Endovascular treatment of central venous stenosis and obstruction in hemodialysis patients.

    PubMed

    Shi, Ya-xue; Ye, Meng; Liang, Wei; Zhang, Hao; Zhao, Yi-ping; Zhang, Ji-wei

    2013-02-01

    Central venous stenosis and obstruction (CVD) is a serious and prevalent challenge to both resolve the venous hypertension symptoms and maintain the pantency of the ipsilateral hemodialysis access in hemodialysis patients. This study aimed to summarize our experience of the endovascular management of the central venous stenosis or obstruction in hemodialysis patients. Twenty-four haemodialysis cases of central vein stenosis or obstruction with ipsilateral functional vascular access in our hospital between July 2006 and February 2012 were treated by interventional therapy and the data were analyzed retrospectively. Eighteen males and six females with mean age of (66.4 ± 13.8) years and manifesting with arm swelling and venous hypertension were enrolled; 62.5% of them had a history of catheterization. Venography showed stenotic lesion in 10 cases including eight cases of brachiocephalic vein stenosis and two cases of subclavian vein stenosis and 14 cases of obstruction lesions including seven cases of short brachiocephalic obstruction and seven cases of long segment obstruction. Interventional therapy was performed and the technique success rate was 83.3%. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in nine cases and stent was performed in 11 cases firstly. The symptoms of venous hypertension were resolved after intervention in all the cases. There was no major complication and death perioperatively. During follow-up, reintervention was done, the primary patency rates were (88.9 ± 10.5)%, (64.8 ± 10.5)% and (48.6 ± 18.7)% at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after treatment in the PTA group; (90.0 ± 9.5)% and (77.1 ± 14.4)% at 6 months and 1 year after treatment in the stent group, respectively. The secondary patency rates were (48.6 ± 18.7)% in the PTA group and (83.3 ± 15.2)% in the stent group 1 year after treatment, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups (primary patency, P = 0.20; secondary patency, P = 0

  12. Multiple Myeloma: Diagnosis and Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Rajkumar, S. Vincent; Kumar, Shaji

    2016-01-01

    The diagnosis and treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) has changed dramatically in the last decade. The disease definition has been updated to allow highly specific biomarkers in addition to established markers of end-organ damage. The staging system has been revised to combine both measures of tumor burden and disease biology. Advances in therapy have resulted in a significant improvement of overall survival. New drugs introduced in the last few years include carfilzomib, pomalidomide, and panobinostat. In addition, monoclonal antibodies such as elotuzumab and daratumumab have shown promising clinical activity. In this review, we outline the current approach to diagnosis, prognosis, and management of MM. PMID:26763514

  13. Pruritus ani: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Nasseri, Yosef Y; Osborne, Marc C

    2013-12-01

    Pruritus ani is a common condition with multiple causes. Primary causes are thought to be fecal soiling or food irritants. Secondary causes include malignancy, infections including sexually transmitted diseases, benign anorectal diseases, systemic diseases, and inflammatory conditions. A broad differential diagnosis must be considered. A reassessment of the diagnosis is required if symptoms or findings are not responsive to therapy. The pathophysiology of itching, an overview of primary and secondary causes, and various treatment options are reviewed. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Electronic database for documentation of microsurgical and endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms: technical note.

    PubMed

    Gruber, A; Killer, M; Bavinzski, G; Richling, B

    2001-06-01

    The authors present an electronic database for the documentation and inter-group comparison of patients subjected to microsurgical and/or endovascular therapy of ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms.

  15. Endovascular brachytherapy for treatment of bilateral renal artery in-stent restenosis.

    PubMed

    Chrysant, George S; Goldstein, Jeffrey A; Casserly, Ivan P; Rogers, Jason H; Kurz, Howard I; Thorstad, Wade L; Singh, Jasvindar; Lasala, John M

    2003-06-01

    Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of renal artery stenosis is an attractive alternative to surgical therapy. However, even with endovascular stenting, the overall rate of restenosis is 21%. While brachytherapy for coronary in-stent restenosis has proven efficacy, its use for renal artery in-stent restenosis has not been formally evaluated. We report a case of bilateral in-stent renal artery restenosis treated with endovascular brachytherapy. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  16. Alterations of blood flow pattern after triple stent endovascular treatment of saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm: a porcine model.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Jahir Richard DE; Aquino, Maurício DE Amorim; Barros, Svetlana; Pitta, Guilherme Benjamin Brandão; Pereira, Adamastor Humberto

    2016-01-01

    to determine the blood flow pattern changes after endovascular treatment of saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm with triple stent. we conducted a hemodynamic study of seven Landrace and Large White pigs with saccular aneurysms of the infrarenal abdominal aorta artificially produced according to the technique described. The animals were subjected to triple stenting for endovascular aneurysm. We evaluated the pattern of blood flow by duplex scan before and after stent implantation. We used the non-paired Mann-Whitney test for statistical analysis. there was a significant decrease in the average systolic velocity, from 127.4cm/s in the pre-stent period to 69.81cm/s in the post-stent phase. There was also change in the flow pattern from turbulent in the aneurysmal sac to laminate intra-stent. there were changes in the blood flow pattern of saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular treatment with triple stent. determinar as alterações do padrão do fluxo sanguíneo após tratamento endovascular do aneurisma sacular de aorta abdominal com triplo stent. estudo hemodinâmico de sete suínos das raças Landrace e Large White portadores de aneurismas saculares de aorta abdominal infrarrenal artificialmente produzidos segundo técnica descrita. Os animais foram submetidos a implante de triplo stent para correção endovascular do aneurisma e reavaliados por duplex scan quanto ao padrão do fluxo sanguíneo antes e após o implante dos stents. A análise estatística foi realizada com o teste Mann-Whitney não pareado. verificou-se uma queda significativa da velocidade sistólica média de 127,4cm/s na fase pré-stent para 69,81cm/s na fase pós-stent. Houve ainda mudança no padrão do fluxo de turbilhonar no saco aneurismático para laminar intrastent. o estudo demonstrou alterações do padrão do fluxo sanguíneo do aneurisma sacular de aorta abdominal após tratamento endovascular com triplo stent.

  17. Endovascular Stroke Treatment Outcomes After Patient Selection Based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Clinical Criteria.

    PubMed

    Leslie-Mazwi, Thabele M; Hirsch, Joshua A; Falcone, Guido J; Schaefer, Pamela W; Lev, Michael H; Rabinov, James D; Rost, Natalia S; Schwamm, Lee; González, R Gilberto

    2016-01-01

    Which imaging modality is optimal to select patients for endovascular stroke treatment remains unclear. To evaluate the effectiveness of specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical criteria in the selection of patients with acute ischemic stroke for thrombectomy. In this observational, single-center, prospective cohort study, we studied 72 patients with middle cerebral artery or terminal internal carotid artery occlusion using computed tomographic angiography, followed by core infarct volume determination by diffusion weighted MRI, who underwent thrombectomy after meeting institutional criteria from January 1, 2012, through December 31, 2014. In this period, 31 patients with similar ischemic strokes underwent endovascular treatment without MRI and are categorized as computed tomography only and considered in a secondary analysis. Patients were prospectively classified as likely to benefit (LTB) or uncertain to benefit (UTB) using diffusion-weighted imaging lesion volume and clinical criteria (age, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, time from onset, baseline modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score, life expectancy). The 90-day mRS score, with favorable defined as a 90-day mRS score of 2 or less. Forty patients were prospectively classified as LTB and 32 as UTB. Reperfusion (71 of 103 patients) and prospective categorization as LTB (40 of 103 patients) were associated with favorable outcomes (P < .001 and P < .005, respectively). Successful reperfusion positively affected the distribution of mRS scores of the LTB cohort (P < .001). Reperfusion was achieved in 27 LTB patients (67.5%) and 24 UTB patients (75.0%) (P = .86). Favorable outcomes were obtained in 21 (52.5%) and 8 (25.0%) of LTB and UTB patients who were treated, respectively (P = .02). Favorable outcomes were observed in 20 of the 27 LTB patients (74.1%) who had successful reperfusion compared with 8 of the 24 UTB patients (33.3%) who had successful reperfusion (P

  18. Treatment parameters for beta and gamma devices in peripheral endovascular brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect

    Kirisits, Christian . E-mail: Christian.Kirisits@meduniwien.ac.at; Pokrajac, Boris; Berger, Daniel; Minar, Erich; Poetter, Richard; Georg, Dietmar

    2004-12-01

    Purpose: To determine dosimetric parameters, such as radial and longitudinal dose profiles, for {beta} and {gamma} devices in peripheral endovascular brachytherapy. Methods and materials: An {sup 192}Ir high-dose rate stepping source, a {sup 90}Sr source train, and a {sup 32}P-coated radiation balloon were investigated. The treatment-planning software PLATO, Monte Carlo code EGSnrc, and GafChromic film dosimetry were used to analyze the dose distribution of these devices. Results: For a 5-mm-diameter vessel, the ratio between the dose at 2 mm depth and the dose at the lumen surface was 1.8, 3.4, and 16.2 for the {sup 192}Ir, {sup 90}Sr, and {sup 32}P devices, respectively. The dose variation at the reference depth of 2 mm into the vessel wall was 7-18 Gy, for different analyzed dose prescriptions. The reference lumen dose was different by a factor >8. For all three devices, the reference isodose length was not <5 mm on the proximal and distal edge of the active source length. Conclusions: A complete set of dose parameters for {beta} and {gamma} sources has to be considered for appropriate treatment planning and performance, including reporting of reference depth dose, reference lumen dose, and reference isodose length.

  19. Endovascular Treatment of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Lesions With or Without Common Iliac Artery Involvement

    SciTech Connect

    Oender, Hakan; Oguzkurt, Levent; Guer, Serkan; Tekbas, Gueven; Guerel, Kamil; Coskun, Isa; Oezkan, Ugur

    2013-02-15

    To evaluate the results of stent placement for obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease with or without involvement of the common iliac artery. Forty patients had self-expanding stents primarily or after balloon dilatation in the abdominal aorta between January 2005 and May 2011. All patients had trouble walking. Follow-up examinations were performed with clinical visits; these included color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomographic angiography. Technical, clinical, and hemodynamic success was achieved in all patients. None of the patients underwent reintervention during the follow-up period, which ranged from 3 months to 6 years (median 24 months). Nine complications occurred in six patients. Of the nine complications, four were distal thromboembolisms, which were successfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis or anticoagulation therapy. Endovascular treatment of the obstructive aortic disease using self-expanding stents was safe and effective, with high technical success and long-term patency. Thromboembolic complications were high even though direct stenting was considered protective for thromboembolism formation. Particularly for infrarenal aortic stenosis, it can be recommended as the first-line treatment option for patients with obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease.

  20. Endovascular treatment of iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis in pregnancy using US-guided percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy

    PubMed Central

    Gedikoglu, Murat; Oguzkurt, Levent

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to describe ultrasonography (US)-guided percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy in pregnant women with iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis. METHODS This study included nine pregnant women with acute and subacute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis, who were severe symptomatic cases with massive swelling and pain of the leg. Patients were excluded from the study if they had only femoropopliteal deep vein thrombosis or mild symptoms of deep vein thrombosis. US-guided percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy was applied to achieve thrombus removal and uninterrupted venous flow. The treatment was considered successful if there was adequate venous patency and symptomatic relief. RESULTS Complete or significant thrombus removal and uninterrupted venous flow from the puncture site up to the iliac veins were achieved in all patients at first intervention. Complete relief of leg pain was achieved immediately in seven patients (77.8%). Two patients (22.2%) had a recurrence of thrombosis in the first week postintervention. One of them underwent a second intervention, where percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy was performed again with successful removal of thrombus and establishment of in line flow. Two patients were lost to follow-up after birth. None of the remaining seven patients had rethrombosis throughout the postpartum period. Symptomatic relief was detected clinically in these patients. CONCLUSION Endovascular treatment with US-guided percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy can be considered as a safe and effective way to remove thrombus from the deep veins in pregnant women with acute and subacute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis. PMID:27801353

  1. Successful endovascular treatment of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula with trisacryl gelatin microspheres.

    PubMed

    Rodiek, S O

    2002-09-01

    We report on the endovascular treatment of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) in a 50-year-old man, who presented with rapidly progressive paraparesis of lower extremities. Standard treatment of SDAVFs is by either embolization with liquid adhesive agents like NBCA or microsurgery. In our case the fistula was successfully occluded by application of trisacryl gelatin microspheres (TGM). Due to a small size of the feeding intercostal artery a superselective catheterization of the fistula itself by a microcatheter could not be performed. The particles were hence delivered through a diagnostic spinal catheter positioned within the proximal part of the feeding intercostal artery. Control MRI five weeks after intervention showed normalized perimedullary veins, which were dilated and tortuous initially. It also displayed a clinically silent focal ischaemia within the spongiosa of an adjacent hemi-vertebra due to particle passage through intersegmental vascular collaterals. A control angiogram confirmed the disappearance of the fistula. The patient underwent physiotherapy and experienced significant improvement of his gait within three months after intervention.

  2. German guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral artery disease - a comprehensive update 2016.

    PubMed

    Lawall, Holger; Huppert, Peter; Espinola-Klein, Christine; Zemmrich, Claudia Silke; Ruemenapf, Gerhard

    2017-03-01

    The prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) is increasing worldwide and is strongly age-related, affecting about 20 % of Germans over 70 years of age. Recent advances in endovascular and surgical techniques as well as clinical study results on comparative treatment methods strengthened the need for a comprehensive review of the published evidence for diagnosis, management, and prevention of PAD. The interdisciplinary guideline exclusively covers distal aorta and atherosclerotic lower extremity artery disease. A systematic literature review and formal consensus finding process, including delegated members of 22 medical societies and two patient self-support organisations were conducted and supervised by the Association of Scientific Medical Societies in Germany, AWMF. Three levels of recommendation were defined, A = "is recommended/indicated", B = "should be considered", C = "may be considered", means agreement of expert opinions due to lack of evidence. Altogether 294 articles, including 34 systematic reviews and 98 RCTs have been analysed. The key diagnostic tools and treatment basics have been defined. In patients with intermittent claudication endovascular and/or surgical techniques are treatment options depending on appropriate individual morphology and patient preference. In critical limb ischaemia, revascularisation without delay by means of the most appropriate technique is key. If possible and reasonable, endovascular procedures should be applied first. The TASC classification is no longer recommended as the base of therapeutic decision process due to advances in endovascular techniques and new crural therapeutic options. Limited new data on rehabilitation and follow-up therapies have been integrated. The article summarises major new aspects of PAD treatment from the updated German Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of PAD. Limited scientific evidence still calls for randomised clinical trials to close the present gap of evidence.

  3. Length of carotid stenosis predicts peri-procedural stroke or death and restenosis in patients randomized to endovascular treatment or endarterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Bonati, Leo H; Ederle, Jörg; Dobson, Joanna; Engelter, Stefan; Featherstone, Roland L; Gaines, Peter A; Beard, Jonathan D; Venables, Graham S; Markus, Hugh S; Clifton, Andrew; Sandercock, Peter; Brown, Martin M; CAVATAS Investigators

    2014-01-01

    Background The anatomy of carotid stenosis may influence the outcome of endovascular treatment or carotid endarterectomy. Whether anatomy favors one treatment over the other in terms of safety or efficacy has not been investigated in randomized trials. Methods In 414 patients with mostly symptomatic carotid stenosis randomized to endovascular treatment (angioplasty or stenting; n = 213) or carotid endarterectomy (n = 211) in the Carotid and Vertebral Artery Transluminal Angioplasty Study (CAVATAS), the degree and length of stenosis and plaque surface irregularity were assessed on baseline intraarterial angiography. Outcome measures were stroke or death occurring between randomization and 30 days after treatment, and ipsilateral stroke and restenosis ≥50% during follow-up. Results Carotid stenosis longer than 0.65 times the common carotid artery diameter was associated with increased risk of peri-procedural stroke or death after both endovascular treatment [odds ratio 2.79 (1.17–6.65), P = 0.02] and carotid endarterectomy [2.43 (1.03–5.73), P = 0.04], and with increased long-term risk of restenosis in endovascular treatment [hazard ratio 1.68 (1.12–2.53), P = 0.01]. The excess in restenosis after endovascular treatment compared with carotid endarterectomy was significantly greater in patients with long stenosis than with short stenosis at baseline (interaction P = 0.003). Results remained significant after multivariate adjustment. No associations were found for degree of stenosis and plaque surface. Conclusions Increasing stenosis length is an independent risk factor for peri-procedural stroke or death in endovascular treatment and carotid endarterectomy, without favoring one treatment over the other. However, the excess restenosis rate after endovascular treatment compared with carotid endarterectomy increases with longer stenosis at baseline. Stenosis length merits further investigation in carotid revascularisation trials. PMID

  4. Length of carotid stenosis predicts peri-procedural stroke or death and restenosis in patients randomized to endovascular treatment or endarterectomy.

    PubMed

    Bonati, Leo H; Ederle, Jörg; Dobson, Joanna; Engelter, Stefan; Featherstone, Roland L; Gaines, Peter A; Beard, Jonathan D; Venables, Graham S; Markus, Hugh S; Clifton, Andrew; Sandercock, Peter; Brown, Martin M

    2014-04-01

    The anatomy of carotid stenosis may influence the outcome of endovascular treatment or carotid endarterectomy. Whether anatomy favors one treatment over the other in terms of safety or efficacy has not been investigated in randomized trials. In 414 patients with mostly symptomatic carotid stenosis randomized to endovascular treatment (angioplasty or stenting; n = 213) or carotid endarterectomy (n = 211) in the Carotid and Vertebral Artery Transluminal Angioplasty Study (CAVATAS), the degree and length of stenosis and plaque surface irregularity were assessed on baseline intraarterial angiography. Outcome measures were stroke or death occurring between randomization and 30 days after treatment, and ipsilateral stroke and restenosis ≥50% during follow-up. Carotid stenosis longer than 0.65 times the common carotid artery diameter was associated with increased risk of peri-procedural stroke or death after both endovascular treatment [odds ratio 2.79 (1.17-6.65), P = 0.02] and carotid endarterectomy [2.43 (1.03-5.73), P = 0.04], and with increased long-term risk of restenosis in endovascular treatment [hazard ratio 1.68 (1.12-2.53), P = 0.01]. The excess in restenosis after endovascular treatment compared with carotid endarterectomy was significantly greater in patients with long stenosis than with short stenosis at baseline (interaction P = 0.003). Results remained significant after multivariate adjustment. No associations were found for degree of stenosis and plaque surface. Increasing stenosis length is an independent risk factor for peri-procedural stroke or death in endovascular treatment and carotid endarterectomy, without favoring one treatment over the other. However, the excess restenosis rate after endovascular treatment compared with carotid endarterectomy increases with longer stenosis at baseline. Stenosis length merits further investigation in carotid revascularisation trials. © 2013 The Authors. International Journal of Stroke

  5. Central Hypoventilation Syndrome Complicated with Lateral Medullary Infarction after Endovascular Treatment of the Vertebral Artery Dissecting Aneurysm: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Katsuhiro; Kanamaru, Hideki; Morikawa, Atsunori; Kawaguchi, Kenji

    2016-10-01

    Lateral medullary infarction rarely leads to central hypoventilation syndrome (CHS). CHS is a life-threatening disorder characterized by hypoventilation during sleep. We report the first case of CHS as a complication of lateral medullary infarction after endovascular treatment. A 65-year-old man presented twice with severe headache. Computed tomography revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage and cerebral angiography showed a right vertebral dissecting aneurysm involving the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. After emergent endovascular patent artery occlusion, he developed Wallenberg syndrome and experienced apnea and a conscious disturbance episode due to CHS on postoperative days 6 and 16. Intensive respiratory care including intubation, tracheostomy, mechanical ventilation, and rehabilitation prevented subsequent recurrence of apnea and the CHS resolved completely. CHS after unilateral medullary infarction involving respiratory centers tends to occur in the acute and subacute phase and may be lethal without careful respiratory management.

  6. [Hyperprolactinemia: causes, diagnosis, and treatment].

    PubMed

    Karasek, Michał; Pawlikowski, Marek; Lewiński, Andrzej

    2006-01-01

    The basic data on hyperprolactinemia (i.e. an excess of PRL above a reference laboratory's upper limits), the most common endocrine disorder of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis are given in this review. The following issues are discussed: regulation of prolactin (Prl) secretion, definition of hyperprolactinemia, its etiology and pathogenesis as well as its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment (including medical and surgical therapy). It should be stressed that finding of elevated PRL serum concentrations constitute the beginning of diagnostic procedure and, after exclusion of physiologic, pharmacologic, and other organic causes of increased PRL levels, should be followed by detailed diagnosis including MRI. In patients in whom hyperprolactinemia has been confirmed the treatment with dopamine agonists (with prevalence of cabergoline, followed by quinagoline) is currently considered first-choice therapy. Surgery should be performed only in the patients resistant or intolerant to these agents, or in patients who refuse long-term therapy.

  7. Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts

    SciTech Connect

    Pitton, Michael B. Scheschkowski, Tobias; Ring, Markus; Herber, Sascha; Oberholzer, Katja; Leicher-Dueber, Annegret; Neufang, Achim; Schmiedt, Walther; Dueber, Christoph

    2009-09-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 {+-} 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 {+-} 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 {+-} 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 {+-} 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P < 0.01). Patients in whom all aneurysm side branches were occluded prior to stent-grafting showed a significantly reduced incidence of large endoleaks. Endoleaks >10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks ({Delta} at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular

  8. Porphyria: Pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment.

    PubMed

    Gasson, Tracy; Klein, Kathleen

    2015-08-15

    Porphyrias are inherited metabolic disorders that involve alterations in enzymes utilized in the heme biosynthetic pathway. Most of these conditions are inherited; however, some are believed to be acquired through environmental exposures. Patients with porhyrias often present with a wide range of clinical symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose. Treatments vary depending on clinical presentation. A thorough and detailed history is essential and key to discovering a porphyria diagnosis.

  9. Endovascular Treatment of Descending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms with the EndoFit Stent-Graft

    SciTech Connect

    Saratzis, N.; Saratzis, Athanasios Melas, N.; Ginis, G.; Lioupis, A.; Lykopoulos, D.; Lazaridis, J.; Kiskinis, Dimitrios

    2007-04-15

    Objective. To evaluate the mid-term feasibility, efficacy, and durability of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (DTAA) exclusion using the EndoFit device (LeMaitre Vascular). Methods. Twenty-three (23) men (mean age 66 years) with a DTAA were admitted to our department for endovascular repair (21 were ASA III+ and 2 refused open repair) from January 2003 to July 2005. Results. Complete aneurysm exclusion was feasible in all subjects (100% technical success). The median follow-up was 18 months (range 8-40 months). A single stent-graft was used in 6 cases. The deployment of a second stent-graft was required in the remaining 17 patients. All endografts were attached proximally, beyond the left subclavian artery, leaving the aortic arch branches intact. No procedure-related deaths have occurred. A distal type I endoleak was detected in 2 cases on the 1 month follow-up CT scan, and was repaired with reintervention and deployment of an extension graft. A nonfatal acute myocardial infarction occurred in 1 patient in the sixth postoperative month. Graft migration, graft infection, paraplegia, cerebral or distal embolization, renal impairment or any other major complications were not observed. Conclusion. The treatment of DTAAs using the EndoFit stent-graft is technically feasible. Mid-term results in this series are promising.

  10. Usefulness of non-detachable balloons in endovascular treatment for cerebral aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Nakahara, I; Pile-Spellman, J; Hacein-Bey, L; Crowell, R M; Gress, D

    1994-06-01

    An endovascular non-detachable balloon technique was used to treat 14 patients with cerebral aneurysms. Eight patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage, and six others presented with headache or mass effect. Six aneurysms were located in the anterior circulation and eight in the posterior circulation. Seven aneurysms were giant, three were large, and four were small. All target aneurysms or vessels were occluded successfully. Parent vessel was successfully spared in seven cases. There were no procedural complications related to the non-detachable nature of the balloon used. Follow-up angiography detected refilling of aneurysms in three of 11 patients, two with small ruptured aneurysms that bled again following partial deflation or balloon movement. The other aneurysms tested remained occluded, as demonstrated on follow-up angiograms, for up to 15 months. Outcomes were good to excellent in 10 patients, poor in one, and three died. Non-detachable balloons might be preferred for treatment of certain types of cerebral aneurysms including those where intraaneurysmal maneuvers might be considered dangerous, for example, with recent bleeding or intraluminal fresh clots; where precise placement of the balloon is required, for example, in the vicinity of perforators or collaterals emerging near the neck; and where detachment could be dangerous or difficult in broad neck and fusiform aneurysms or in tortuous parent vessels.

  11. Wound healing and wound location in critical limb ischemia following endovascular treatment.

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Norihiro; Hirano, Keisuke; Nakano, Masatsugu; Muramatsu, Toshiya; Tsukahara, Reiko; Ito, Yoshiaki; Ishimori, Hiroshi

    2014-01-01

    The differences in wound healing according to wound location remain unclear. Between April 2007 and October 2011, 138 patients (166 limbs) with critical limb ischemia with tissue loss were treated with endovascular treatment. On these limbs, 177 individual wounds were identified on the foot and were evaluated for wound healing rates and time to healing according to their locations. Wound locations were divided into 3 groups: group T (Toe wounds, n=112), group H (Heel wounds, n=25), and group E (Extensive wounds extending onto the fore- or mid-foot along with dorsum or plantar surfaces, n=40). The mean follow-up period was 23±19 months. At 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, wound healing rates were 51%, 64%, 75%, and 75%, respectively, in group T; 12%, 36%, 36%, and 52%, respectively, in group H; and 0%, 5%, 8%, and 13%, respectively, in group E. The median time to healing was 64 days (interquartile range 25-156 days) in group T, 168 days (interquartile range 123-316 days) in group H, and 267 days (interquartile range 177-316 days) in group E (P=0.038). Extensive wounds extending onto the fore- or mid-foot along with dorsum or plantar surfaces were the most difficult type of wound to heal.

  12. Endovascular treatment of CCSVI in patients with multiple sclerosis: clinical outcome of 462 cases.

    PubMed

    Ghezzi, A; Annovazzi, P; Cocco, E; Coarelli, G; Lugaresi, A; Rovaris, M; Patti, F; Capello, E; Rodegher, M E; Moiola, L; Malucchi, S; Salemi, G; De Rossi, N; Provinciali, L; Perini, P; Bergamaschi, R; Scarpini, E; Lus, G; Gallo, A; Tola, M R; Amato, M P; Rottoli, M R; Bianchi, A; Comi, G

    2013-09-01

    Although it is still debated whether chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) plays a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) development, many patients underwent endovascular treatment (ET) of CCSVI. The objective of the study is to evaluate the outcome and safety of ET in Italian MS patients. Italian MS centers that are part of the Italian MS Study Group were all invited to participate to this retrospective study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect detailed clinical data before and after the ET. Data from 462 patients were collected in 33 centers. ET consisted of balloon dilatation (93 % of cases) or stent application. The mean follow-up duration after ET was 31 weeks. Mean EDSS remained unchanged after ET (5.2 vs. 4.9), 144 relapses occurred in 98/462 cases (21 %), mainly in RR-MS patients. Fifteen severe adverse events were recorded in 3.2 % of cases. Given the risk of severe adverse events and the lack of objective beneficial effects, our findings confirm that at present ET should not be recommended to patients with MS.

  13. Combined surgical and endovascular approach for treatment of aggressive vertebral haemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Eichberg, Daniel G; Starke, Robert M; Levi, Allan D

    2017-07-06

    To analyze the endovascular, surgical, and clinical outcomes of patients with aggressive vertebral haemangiomas (VHs) treated over a 17 year period. All medical, radiological, and surgical records were reviewed retrospectively. All patients underwent follow-up evaluation for pain and neurological outcome. A total of 10 patients diagnosed with aggressive VHs causing neurologic compromise or pain underwent 13 operative procedures for tumour resection/stabilization. All but one patient underwent preoperative procedures to minimize intraoperative blood loss. Mean follow-up length was 26.3 months. Of eight patients presenting with neurological deficits, all improved postoperatively. The two patients presenting with pain reported improvement postoperatively. Two patients had new postoperative lower extremity weakness, both of which improved during follow-up. One patient experienced tumour recurrence at 1 year, requiring a second staged surgery. A second patient required a staged surgery for resection of multiple VHs. Seven patients had subtotal resections, two patients had gross total resections, and one patient had an en bloc resection of tumour. Combined preoperative embolization followed by aggressive tumour resection and spinal stabilization are safe and effective procedures for the treatment of aggressive VH causing symptomatic stenosis.

  14. Endovascular Treatment of a Severe Stroke Occurring in a Commercial Airplane Over the Sahara.

    PubMed

    Foerch, Christian; Mayer, Christoph A; Berkefeld, Joachim; You, Se-Jong

    2016-09-01

    The occurrence of an acute stroke syndrome during a long-distance flight demands critical decisions from the crew and attendant physicians. One in particular is whether the flight should be continued or be detoured to a nearby airport. We describe a 42-yr-old woman who suffered from a severe stroke in a commercial airplane over the Sahara. The captain, together with a physician aboard and the next of kin, decided not to detour to north African or south European airports, but to continue flying to Frankfurt, Germany (final destination; remaining flight time 4 h), where an efficient transfer infrastructure and an advanced medical standard were presumed. At the hospital, the patient was successfully treated by means of catheter-based mechanical thrombus extraction. The patient was free of neurological deficits at discharge. The geographically unbalanced availability of complex but highly effective therapies such as mechanical recanalization in acute stroke challenges decision making in aviation medicine. In selected cases it might be beneficial to continue flying to cities with advanced medical standards instead of deviating to nearby airports. Foerch C, Mayer CA, Berkefeld J, You S-J. Endovascular treatment of a severe stroke occurring in a commercial airplane over the Sahara. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(9):825-829.

  15. The Incidence of Trigeminocardiac Reflex in Endovascular Treatment of Dural Arteriovenous Fistula with Onyx

    PubMed Central

    Lv, X.; Li, Y.; Jiang, C.; Wu, Z.

    2010-01-01

    Summary This paper reports the incidence of trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) in endovascular treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) with Onyx. The consecutive case histories of 45 patients with DAVFs, treated with Onyx transarterially and transvenously, from February 2005 to February 2008 at Beijing Tiantan Hospital, China, were retrospectively reviewed. The time period was limited as the anesthetic and intravascular procedure was performed under the same standardized anesthetic protocol and by the same team. The TCR rate was subsequently calculated. Of the 45 patients, five showed evidence of TCR during transarterial Onyx injection and transvenous DMSO injection. Their HR fell 50% during intravascular procedures compared with levels immediately before the stimulus. However, blood pressure values were stable in all cases. The TCR rate for all patients was 11.1% (95% CI, 4 to 24%), 7.7% (95% CI, 2 to 21%) in patients treated intraarterially and 33.3% (4 to 78%) in patients treated intravenously. Once HR has fallen, intravenous atropine is indicated to block the depressor response and prevention further TCR episodes. TCR may occur due to chemical stimulus of DMSO and Onyx cast formation under a standardized anesthetic protocol and should be blunted by atropine. PMID:20377980

  16. Diagnostic Accuracy of Somatosensory Evoked Potential Monitoring in Evaluating Neurological Complications During Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment.

    PubMed

    Ares, William J; Grandhi, Ramesh M; Panczykowski, David M; Weiner, Gregory M; Thirumala, Parthasarathy; Habeych, Miguel E; Crammond, Donald J; Horowitz, Michael B; Jankowitz, Brian T; Jadhav, Ashutosh; Jovin, Tudor G; Ducruet, Andrew F; Balzer, Jeffrey

    2017-06-14

    Somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) monitoring is used extensively for early detection and prevention of neurological complications in patients undergoing many different neurosurgical procedures. However, the predictive ability of SSEP monitoring during endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms is not well detailed. To evaluate the performance of intraoperative SSEP in the prediction postprocedural neurological deficits (PPNDs) after coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms. This population-based cohort study included patients ≥18 years of age undergoing intracranial aneurysm embolization with concurrent SSEP monitoring between January 2006 and August 2012. The ability of SSEP to predict PPNDs was analyzed by multiple regression analyses and assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. In a population of 888 patients, SSEP changes occurred in 8.6% (n = 77). Twenty-eight patients (3.1%) suffered PPNDs. A 50% to 99% loss in SSEP waveform was associated with a 20-fold increase in risk of PPND; a total loss of SSEP waveform, regardless of permanence, was associated with a greater than 200-fold risk of PPND. SSEPs displayed very good predictive ability for PPND, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.84 (95% CI 0.76-0.92). This study supports the predictive ability of SSEPs for the detection of PPNDs. The magnitude and persistence of SSEP changes is clearly associated with the development of PPNDs. The utility of SSEP monitoring in detecting ischemia may provide an opportunity for neurointerventionalists to respond to changes intraoperatively to mitigate the potential for PPNDs.

  17. Diagnosis and treatment of osteoarthritis.

    PubMed

    Taruc-Uy, Rafaelani L; Lynch, Scott A

    2013-12-01

    Osteoarthritis presents in primary and secondary forms. The primary, or idiopathic, form occurs in previously intact joints without any inciting agent, whereas the secondary form is caused by underlying predisposing factors (eg, trauma). The diagnosis of osteoarthritis is primarily based on thorough history and physical examination findings, with or without radiographic evidence. Although some patients may be asymptomatic initially, the most common symptom is pain. Treatment options are generally classified as pharmacologic, nonpharmacologic, surgical, and complementary and/or alternative, typically used in combination to achieve optimal results. The goals of treatment are alleviation of symptoms and improvement in functional status. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  18. Endovascular treatment for traumatic scalp arteriovenous fistulas: results with Onyx embolization.

    PubMed

    Dabus, Guilherme; Pizzolato, Raffaella; Lin, Eugene; Kreusch, Andreas; Linfante, Italo

    2014-06-01

    Arteriovenous fistulas of the scalp (S-AVFs) are rare lesions and may occur spontaneously or secondary to trauma. The use of Onyx for the treatment of S-AVFs is not well established at this time. We discuss three cases of traumatic S-AVFs treated successfully with Onyx embolization alone or in association with coils. The database of patients treated at the Baptist Cardiac and Vascular Institute, Miami, Florida, was reviewed. All patients with traumatic S-AVFs treated with Onyx were included. Two men and one woman with progressive enlarging pulsatile mass with bruit or tinnitus had angiographic evidence of S-AVF and were treated. In two patients the S-AVFs were secondary to hair transplantation. They were treated with Onyx-18 embolization as the single treatment modality. One patient with S-AVF resulting from temporomandibular joint arthroscopy was treated with coils and subsequent Onyx-34 embolization. In one patient, transarterial microcatheterization and injection of Onyx-18 was performed. In another patient, the intra-arterial approach was prevented by arterial vessel tortuosity. Therefore, access to the fistula was obtained through direct puncture of a large frontal vein; contrast injection confirmed the positioning of the needle within the draining vein of the AVF and Onyx-18 was then injected while the outflow vein was compressed. In the third patient in this series, coils were deployed to allow safer and more controlled injection of Onyx-34. No procedure related complications were noted. Post-embolization angiography demonstrated successful and complete occlusion of the AVF immediately after treatment. Follow-up revealed complete resolution of the symptoms. Our experience in this small series indicates that endovascular treatment of S-AVFs with Onyx is rapid, safe, and highly effective.

  19. Endovascular strategy for the elective treatment of concomitant aortoiliac aneurysm and symptomatic large bowel diverticular disease.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; Ricco, Jean-Baptiste; Schneider, Fabrice; Caliò, Francesco G; Ceccanei, Gianluca; Pacilè, Maria A; Pizzardi, Giulia; Palumbo, Piergaspare; Vietri, Francesco

    2014-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the strategy for treatment of patients presenting with asymptomatic diverticular disease of the large bowel associated with an asymptomatic aortoiliac aneurysmal (AAA) disease. Sixty-nine patients were included in this retrospective study. The patients were divided into 5 groups according to the type and sequence of the surgical treatment: 32 patients (47%) underwent colectomy followed by a staged open AAA repair (group A); 10 patients (14%) were treated with open AAA repair followed by a staged colectomy (group B); 13 patients (18%) received endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) followed by a staged bowel resection (group C); 8 patients (12%) had a bowel resection followed by staged EVAR (group D); and 6 patients (9%) underwent simultaneous open AAA repair and bowel resection (group E). Primary end points were mortality and complications after any of the procedures. Secondary end point was the time interval between the staged procedures. The cumulative death rate for delayed treatment of AAA was 6.5% and 0% for delayed treatment of diverticular disease [P=0.22]. The mean time interval between the staged procedures was 11 days for EVAR/colon resection (group C and group D) and 73 days for open AAA repair/colon resection (group A and group B; P<0.01). EVAR allows a significant reduction in the time required between AAA repair and colon resection, but no definite rule can be established regarding the sequence of staged procedures. Combined procedures should be reserved for selected cases. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. A collaborative system for endovascular treatment of acute ischaemic stroke: the Madrid Stroke Network experience.

    PubMed

    Alonso de Leciñana, M; Fuentes, B; Ximénez-Carrillo, Á; Vivancos, J; Masjuan, J; Gil-Nuñez, A; Martínez-Sánchez, P; Zapata-Wainberg, G; Cruz-Culebras, A; García-Pastor, A; Díaz-Otero, F; Fandiño, E; Frutos, R; Caniego, J-L; Méndez, J-C; Fernández-Prieto, A; Bárcena-Ruiz, E; Díez-Tejedor, E

    2016-02-01

    The complexity and expense of endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) can present difficulties in bringing this approach closer to the patients. A collaborative node was implemented involving three stroke centres (SCs) within the Madrid Stroke Network to provide round-the-clock access to EVT for AIS. A weekly schedule was established to ensure that at least one SC was 'on-call' to provide EVT for all those with moderate to severe AIS due to large vessel occlusion, >4.5 h from symptom onset, or within this time-window but with contraindication to, or failure of, systemic thrombolysis. The time-window for treatment was 8 h for anterior circulation stroke and <24 h in posterior stroke. Outcomes measured were re-canalization rates, modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 3 months, mortality and symptomatic intra-cranial haemorrhage (SICH). Over a 2-year period (2012-2013), 303 candidate patients with AIS were considered for EVT as per protocol, and 196 (65%) received treatment. Reasons for non-treatment were significant improvement (14%), spontaneous re-canalization (26%), clinical worsening (9%) or radiological criteria of established infarction (31%). Re-canalization rate amongst treated patients was 80%. Median delay from symptom onset to re-canalization was 323 min (p25; p75 percentiles 255; 430). Mortality was 11%; independence (mRS 0-2) was 58%; SICH was 3%. Implementation of a collaborative network to provide EVT for AIS is feasible and effective. Results are good in terms of re-canalization rates and clinical outcomes. © 2015 EAN.

  1. Endovascular occlusion of intracranial aneurysms with electrically detachable coils: Correlation of aneurysm neck size and treatment results

    SciTech Connect

    Zubillaga, A.F.; Guglielmi, G.; Vinuela, F.; Duckwiler, G.R.

    1994-05-01

    To devise a method to measure aneurysm neck size on angiographic films, and to correlate the sizes obtained with the extent of endovascular aneurysm occlusion, performed with electrically detachable coils. The angiograms of 79 intracranial aneurysms treated by endovascular occlusion using electrically detachable coils were retrospectively analyzed. A method using the average reported caliber of the major intracranial vessels was applied to determine the aneurysm neck sizes on the diagnostic angiograms. The cases were divided into two groups according to neck size, 4 mm being the discriminative value for small and wide necks. The posttreatment angiogram of each case was analyzed to evaluate the degree of occlusion achieved by the technique. Necks were successfully measured in 95% of the aneurysms. Complete aneurysm thrombosis was observed in 85% of the small-necked aneurysms and in 15% of the wide-necked aneurysms. Accurate angiographic measurements of neck diameter can be obtained in most aneurysms. The size of an aneurysm neck correlates well with the results of the endovascular treatment. Small-necked aneurysms can be satisfactorily occluded with this technique. In wide-necked aneurysms this technique should be reserved for lesions having a high surgical risk. 10 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  2. Endovascular treatment of type B dissection in patients with Marfan syndrome: mid-term outcomes and aortic remodeling.

    PubMed

    Eid-Lidt, Guering; Gaspar, Jorge; Meléndez-Ramírez, Gabriela; Cervantes S, Jorge; González-Pacheco, Hector; Dámas de Los Santos, Félix; Meave-González, Aloha; Ramírez Marroquín, Samuel

    2013-12-01

    To evaluate the mid-term outcomes, and the aortic remodeling in Marfan syndrome (MFS) patients with type B dissection that were treated with endovascular repair. MFS is a relative contraindication to thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Mid-term aortic outcomes data in MFS after TEVAR are limited, and the occurrence of late events remains unclear. Of 89 patients that underwent TEVAR between September 2002 and February 2011, 10 patients with mid-term follow-up fulfilled the Ghent criteria for MFS and complicated type B dissection. High risk for open surgery was documented in 90%. The mean age was 35.1 ± 9.4 years and all patients presented with acute aortic syndrome complicating a chronic type B dissection (DeBakey type IIIb). Five patients underwent a Bentall surgical procedure previous to endovascular repair, and in four patients initial TEVAR was followed by surgery of the ascending aorta. Treatment was limited to endovascular repair in only one patient. In-hospital mortality was 10%. At a mean follow-up of 59.6 ± 38.9 months, the cumulated mortality was of 20% and late mortality 11.1%. The rate of secondary endoleak was 44.4%, and late reintervention of 33.3%. Survival freedom from cardiovascular death at 8 years was 80.0%, and positive remodeling was documented in 37.5% of patients. Our results suggest that TEVAR is feasible, safe, and associated with a high reintervention rate and reduced rate of positive aortic remodeling in patients with Marfan syndrome. Survival at 8 years was comparable to contemporary series of open repair. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Magnetic resonance imaging-based endovascular versus medical stroke treatment for symptom onset up to 12 h.

    PubMed

    Wouters, Anke; Lemmens, Robin; Christensen, Soren; Wilms, Guido; Dupont, Patrick; Mlynash, Michael; Schneider, Armin; Laage, Rico; Cereda, Carlo W; Lansberg, Maarten G; Albers, Gregory W; Thijs, Vincent

    2016-01-01

    Recent trials have shown a clear benefit of endovascular therapy for stroke patients presenting within 6 h after stroke onset. Imaging-based selection may identify a cohort with a favorable response to endovascular therapy, in an even later time window. We performed an indirect comparison between outcomes seen in DEFUSE 2, a prospective cohort study of patients who received a baseline MRI before endovascular therapy, and a control group from AXIS 2 receiving standard medical care up to 12 h after symptom onset. Patients from AXIS 2 with a confirmed large vessel occlusion were selected as a control group for DEFUSE 2-patients. The primary endpoint was good functional outcome at day 90 (Modified Rankin Score 0-2). We performed a stratified analysis based on the presence of the target mismatch for both studies and reperfusion status in DEFUSE 2. We compared good functional outcome in 108 patients from AXIS 2 and 99 patients from DEFUSE 2. In DEFUSE 2-patients with the target mismatch profile in whom reperfusion was achieved, the rate of good functional outcome was increased compared to target mismatch patients in AXIS 2, 54% versus 29% (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.1-9.4). In target mismatch patients treated between 6 and 12 h after stroke onset, this association between study and good functional outcome remained present (OR 9.0, 95% CI 1.1-75.8). This indirect comparison suggests that endovascular treatment resulting in substantial reperfusion is associated with improved outcome in target mismatch patients even beyond 6 h after stroke onset. Confirmation is needed from future clinical trials that randomize patients beyond the 6 h time window. © 2016 World Stroke Organization.

  4. Diagnosis and Treatment in Neurosarcoidosis

    PubMed Central

    GÖZÜBATIK-ÇELİK, Gökçen; UYGUNOĞLU, Uğur; ULUDÜZ, Derya; ATAHAN, Ersan; MÜSELLİM, Benan; SAİP, Sabahattin; SİVA, Aksel

    2015-01-01

    Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory multisystem disorder, affecting many systems such as lung, lymph nodes, skin and eye involvement. Nervous system involvement is often seen in 5–15% of patients with systemic sarcoidosis in the first two years. Preceding to systemic involvement the initial symptom as neurological complaints has been rarely reported. Lacking of any specific, clinical and / or radiological findings for neurosarcoidosis in these cases, it could be difficult to make an accurate diagnosis and histopathological evaluation may be required. Due to rarity and complexity diagnosis of the neurosarcoidosis, in this study, clinical, radiological and / or histopathological features, treatment modalities of the 7 neurosarcoidosis patients to be presented with detailed investigations of different neurological symptoms were evaluated. PMID:28360686

  5. Endovascular Treatment of Complex Aortic Disease with Parallel-Graft Endovascular Aneurysm Repair. Retrospective Analysis of a Single Center Experience and Midterm Results.

    PubMed

    Roberto, Adovasio; Stefano, Chiarandini; Cristiano, Calvagna; Mario, D'Oria; Francesca, Zamolo; Damiano, Pipitone Marco; Giada, Sgorlon

    2017-09-21

    We sought to evaluate the midterm results of parallel-graft-endovascular aneurysm repair (pg-EVAR) for complex aortic anatomy in high-risk candidates for open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurism (AAA). Clinical and radiographic information on 35 patients treated by pg-EVAR between March 2010 and December 2015 was retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. All patients presented with symptomatic aneurysms and were treated within 3 days of clinical presentation. Primary endpoints included primary chimney-graft patency, overall survival, and freedom from all reintervention. Overall, 55 chimney grafts were placed into 47 renal arteries and 8 superior mesenteric arteries in 35 patients. An Endurant stent-graft was used as the main body component in all cases. At 36 months, primary chimney graft patency was 88%, overall survival of patients was 71% and the rate of freedom from all reintervention was 78%. Considering our mid-term results pg-EVAR seems to be a safe and effective treatment for patients with complex anatomies and at poor risk for open repair. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  6. Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of hypersexuality.

    PubMed

    Kaplan, Meg S; Krueger, Richard B

    2010-03-01

    This article reviews the current evidence base for the diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of hypersexual conditions. Controversy concerning this diagnosis is discussed. Terminology and diagnostic criteria, as well as psychological, psychopharmacological, and other treatment approaches, are presented.

  7. Diagnosis and Treatment of Plasmodium vivax Malaria

    PubMed Central

    Baird, J. Kevin; Valecha, Neena; Duparc, Stephan; White, Nicholas J.; Price, Ric N.

    2016-01-01

    The diagnosis and treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria differs from that of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in fundamentally important ways. This article reviews the guiding principles, practices, and evidence underpinning the diagnosis and treatment of P. vivax malaria. PMID:27708191

  8. Diagnosis and treatment of impetigo.

    PubMed

    Cole, Charles; Gazewood, John

    2007-03-15

    Impetigo is a highly contagious, superficial skin infection that most commonly affects children two to five years of age. The two types of impetigo are nonbullous impetigo (i.e., impetigo contagiosa) and bullous impetigo. The diagnosis usually is made clinically, but rarely a culture may be useful. Although impetigo usually heals spontaneously within two weeks without scarring, treatment helps relieve the discomfort, improve cosmetic appearance, and prevent the spread of an organism that may cause other illnesses (e.g., glomerulonephritis). There is no standard treatment for impetigo, and many options are available. The topical antibiotics mupirocin and fusidic acid are effective and may be superior to oral antibiotics. Oral antibiotics should be considered for patients with extensive disease. Oral penicillin V is seldom effective; otherwise there is no clear preference among antistaphylococcal penicillins, amoxicillin/clavulanate, cephalosporins, and macrolides, although resistance rates to erythromycin are rising. Topical disinfectants are not useful in the treatment of impetigo.

  9. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with Barricade coils: Feasibility, procedural safety, and immediate postoperative anatomical results.

    PubMed

    Zidan, Mohamed; Gawlitza, Matthias; Metaxas, Georgios; Foussier, Cédric; Soize, Sébastien; Pierot, Laurent

    2016-10-01

    The safety of bare platinum coils has been widely described in the literature. This study aimed to report the first series of intracranial aneurysms treated with Barricade bare platinum coils with a comprehensive evaluation of their procedural safety and postprocedural anatomical results. Patients with intracranial aneurysms treated between October 2013 and December 2015 by simple coiling or balloon-assisted coiling with Barricade coils (Blockade Medical, Irvine, California, USA) were prospectively included in a database and retrospectively studied. For all included patients, the patient and aneurysm characteristics, procedural complications, technical issues, postoperative anatomical results, and one-month clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale) were evaluated by an independent interventional neuroradiologist. Eighty-eight patients harboring 97 aneurysms were included. Procedural complications and technical issues were encountered in 17 and 5 patients (19.3 and 5.7%, respectively), but clinical worsening in only 2 patients (2.2%). There was no treatment-related mortality. After one month, morbidity (mRS≥1) was observed in 19 patients (21.8%), 17 related to subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in patients with ruptured aneurysms (19.4%) and 2 related to thromboembolic events in patients with unruptured aneurysms (2.3%). Nine patients initially presenting with a ruptured aneurysm were deceased at 1 month as a consequence of SAH (10.2%). Adequate occlusion was observed postoperatively in 94.8% of the aneurysms (complete occlusion in 81.4% and residual neck in 13.4%). Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with Barricade coils is feasible and the demonstrated overall safety results are within the ranges found in the literature for other coils. Immediate anatomical results are satisfying. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment of Hepatic Artery Stenosis in Adult and Pediatric Patients After Liver Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Maruzzelli, Luigi; Miraglia, Roberto Caruso, Settimo; Milazzo, Mariapina; Mamone, Giuseppe; Gruttadauria, Salvatore; Spada, Marco; Luca, Angelo; Gridelli, Bruno

    2010-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous endovascular techniques for the treatment of hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) occurring after liver transplantation (LT) in adult and pediatrics patients. From February 2003 to March 2009, 25 patients (15 adults and 10 children) whose developed HAS after LT were referred to our interventional radiology unit. Technical success was achieved in 96% (24 of 25) of patients. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in 13 patients (7 children), and stenting was performed in 11 patients (2 children). After the procedure, all patients were followed-up with liver function tests, Doppler ultrasound, and/or computed tomography. Mean follow-up was 15.8 months (range 5 days to 58 months). Acute hepatic artery thrombosis occurred immediately after stent deployment in 2 patients and was successfully treated with local thrombolysis. One patient developed severe HA spasm, which reverted after 24 h. After the procedure, mean trans-stenotic pressure gradient decreased from 30.5 to 6.2 mmHg. Kaplan-Meyer curve of HA primary patency was 77% at 1 and 2 years. During the follow-up period, 5 patients (20%) had recurrent stenosis, and 2 patients (8.3%) had late thrombosis. Two of 7 patients with stenosis/thrombosis underwent surgical revascularization (n = 1) and liver retransplantation (n = 1). Six (25%) patients died during follow-up, but overall mortality was not significantly different when comparing patients having patent hepatic arteries with those having recurrent stenosis/thrombosis. There were no significant differences in recurrent stenosis/thrombosis and mortality comparing patients treated by PTA versus stenting and comparing adult versus pediatric status. Percutaneous interventional treatment of HAS in LT recipients is safe and effective and decreases the need for surgical revascularization and liver retransplantation. However, the beneficial effects for survival are not clear, probably because

  11. [Progressive hematoma in anterior neck after endovascular treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysm].

    PubMed

    Ankay Yilbas, Aysun; Kanburoglu, Cigdem; Uzumcugil, Filiz; Cifci, Coskun; Saralp, Ozge Ozen; Karagoz, Heves; Akinci, Seda Banu; Arat, Anil

    2016-12-23

    Cervical hematomas can lead to airway compromise, a life threatening condition, regardless of the cause. The following case is the first presentation of cervical hematoma as a complication of endovascular treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysm. A 49 year-old woman was scheduled for stent placement under general anesthesia for middle cerebral artery aneurysm. Few days before intervention, acetyl salicylic acid and clopidogrel treatment was started. Following standard monitoring and anesthesia induction, the patient's trachea was intubated with a 7.5mm endotracheal tube and the procedure was completed without any complications. Three hours later, dyspnea developed and physical examination revealed progressive swelling and stiffness in the neck. Endotracheal intubation was performed with a 6mm diameter uncuffed tube with the aid of sedation. The vocal cords were completely closed due to compression. There was no leak around the endotracheal tube. The rapidly performed computerized tomography scans showed an enormous hematoma around the neck and extravasation of contrast medium through superior thyroid artery. After coil embolization of superior thyroid artery, she was taken to the intensive care unit as intubated and sedated. Surgical exploration of the hematoma was not recommended by the surgeons, because she was on clopidogrel. After two days, the patient's trachea was extubated safely ensuring that the swelling was sufficiently ceased and leak detected around the endotracheal tube. Securing the airway rapidly by endotracheal intubation is the most crucial point in the management of cervical hematomas. Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures should be performed only afterwards. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  12. Predictors of hemorrhagic complications from endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations.

    PubMed

    Jordan, José A; Llibre, Juan Carlos; Vázquez, Frank; Rodríguez, Raúl; Prince, José A; Ugarte, José Carlos

    2014-01-01

    Post-embolization hemorrhage is the most severe, dramatic and morbidity-mortality-related complication in the treatment of endovascular arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The objective of this study was to determine predictive factors of post-embolization hemorrhage. This is a retrospective study in 71 patients with cerebral AVMs having undergone 147 embolization sessions with n-butyl cyanoacrylate (n-BCA), carried out between 2006 and 2011. Clinical-demographic, morphological and treatment data as well as results were recorded. The relationship of post-procedure hemorrhage with demographic and morphological factors, percentage devascularization per session, venous drainage and whether or not post-procedure hypotension had been induced was investigated. Six post-embolization hemorrhages occurred, all in sessions characterized by extensive devascularization without the induction of post-procedure hypotension; which disappeared after a limit to the extent of devascularization per session and post-procedure hypotension were introduced. In the multivariate analysis, hemorrhage predictors were: nidus diameter < 3 cm (OR= 45.02; CI=95%:1.17-203.79; P=0.005); devascularization > 40% (OR=32.4; CI=95%: 3.142- 518.6; P=0.009) per session; intranidal aneurysms (OR=7.5; CI=95%:1.19-341.3; P=0.041) and lack of post-procedure hypotension (OR=16.51; CI=95%:1.81-324.4; P=0.049) and the association of sessions with devascularization exceeding 40% with lack of post-procedure hypotension, showed an increase in the risk of hemorrhage (OR=36.4; CI=95%:3.67-362.4; P=0.002). Extensive devascularization and the absence of post-procedure hypotension increase the risk of hemorrhage. We suggest partial, 25-30%, devascularization per session and the induction of post-procedure hypotension, which produces a 20% decrease of the basal mean arterial pressure (MAP).

  13. Predictors of Hemorrhagic Complications from Endovascular Treatment of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations

    PubMed Central

    Jordan, José A; Llibre, Juan Carlos; Vázquez, Frank; Rodríguez, Raúl; Prince, José A.; Ugarte, José Carlos

    2014-01-01

    Summary Post-embolization hemorrhage is the most severe, dramatic and morbidity-mortality-related complication in the treatment of endovascular arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The objective of this study was to determine predictive factors of post-embolization hemorrhage. This is a retrospective study in 71 patients with cerebral AVMs having undergone 147 embolization sessions with n-butyl cyanoacrylate (n-BCA), carried out between 2006 and 2011. Clinical-demographic, morphological and treatment data as well as results were recorded. The relationship of post-procedure hemorrhage with demographic and morphological factors, percentage devascularization per session, venous drainage and whether or not post-procedure hypotension had been induced was investigated. Six post-embolization hemorrhages occurred, all in sessions characterized by extensive devascularization without the induction of post-procedure hypotension; which disappeared after a limit to the extent of devascularization per session and post-procedure hypotension were introduced. In the multivariate analysis, hemorrhage predictors were: nidus diameter < 3 cm (OR= 45.02; CI=95%:1.17-203.79; P=0.005); devascularization > 40% (OR=32.4; CI=95%: 3.142- 518.6; P=0.009) per session; intranidal aneurysms (OR=7.5; CI=95%:1.19-341.3; P=0.041) and lack of post-procedure hypotension (OR=16.51; CI=95%:1.81-324.4; P=0.049) and the association of sessions with devascularization exceeding 40% with lack of post-procedure hypotension, showed an increase in the risk of hemorrhage (OR=36.4; CI=95%:3.67–362.4; P=0.002). Extensive devascularization and the absence of post-procedure hypotension increase the risk of hemorrhage. We suggest partial, 25-30%, devascularization per session and the induction of post-procedure hypotension, which produces a 20% decrease of the basal mean arterial pressure (MAP). PMID:24556303

  14. Osteogenesis imperfecta: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Palomo, Telma; Vilaça, Tatiane; Lazaretti-Castro, Marise

    2017-08-31

    Here we summarize the diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta, discuss newly discovered genes involved in osteogenesis imperfecta, and review the management of this disease in children and adults. Mutations in the two genes coding for collagen type I, COL1A1 and COL1A2, are the most common cause of osteogenesis imperfecta. In the past 10 years, defects in at least 17 other genes have been identified as responsible for osteogenesis imperfecta phenotypes, with either dominant or recessive transmission. Intravenous bisphosphonate infusions are the most widely used medical treatment. This has a marked effect on vertebra in growing children and can lead to vertebral reshaping after compression fractures. However, bisphosphonates are less effective for preventing long-bone fractures. At the moment, new therapies are under investigation. Despite advances in the diagnosis and treatment of osteogenesis imperfecta, more research is needed. Bisphosphonate treatment decreases long-bone fracture rates, but such fractures are still frequent. New antiresorptive and anabolic agents are being investigated but efficacy and safety of these drugs, especially in children, need to be better established before they can be used in clinical practice.

  15. Chronic Contained Rupture of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: From Diagnosis to Endovascular Resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Gandini, Roberto Chiocchi, Marcello; Maresca, Luciano; Pipitone, Vincenzo; Messina, Massimo; Simonetti, Giovanni

    2008-07-15

    A male patient, 69 years old, presented with fever, leucocytosis, and persistent low back pain; he also had an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), as previously diagnosed by Doppler UltraSound (US), and was admitted to our hospital. On multislice computed tomography (msCT), a large abdominal mass having no definite border and involving the aorta and both of the psoas muscles was seen. This mass involved the forth-lumbar vertebra with lysis, thus simulating AAA rupture into a paraspinal collection; it was initially considered a paraspinal abscess. After magnetic resonance imaging examination and culture of the fluid aspirated from the mass, no infective organisms were found; therefore, a diagnosisof chronically contained AAA rupture was made, and an aortic endoprosthesis was subsequently implanted. The patient was discharged with decreased lumbar pain. At 12-month follow-up, no evidence of leakage was observed. To our knowledge, this is the first case of endoprosthesis implantation in a patient, who was a poor candidate for surgical intervention due to renal failure, leucocytosis and high fever, having a chronically contained AAA ruptured simulatingspodilodiscitis abscess. Appropriate diagnosis and therapy resolved potentially crippling pathology and avoided surgical graft-related complications.

  16. Endovascular Treatment of a Vertebral Artery Pseudoaneurysm Following Posterior C1-C2 Transarticular Screw Fixation

    SciTech Connect

    Mendez, Jose C. Gonzalez-Llanos, Francisco

    2005-01-15

    We present a case of vertebral artery pseudoaneurysm after a posterior C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation procedure that was effectively treated with endovascular coil occlusion. Vertebral artery pseudoaneurysm complicating posterior C1-C2 transarticular fixation is extremely rare, with only one previous case having been reported previously. Endovascular occlusion is better achieved in the subacute phase of the pseudoaneurysm, when the wall of the pseudoaneurysm has matured and stabilized. Further follow-up angiographies are mandatory in order to confirm that there is no recurrence of the lesion.

  17. Endovascular Treatment of the Huge Dissecting Aneurysms Involving the Basilar Artery by the Internal Trapping Technique: Technical Note

    PubMed Central

    Mu, Shi-Qing; Yang, Xin-Jian; Li, You-Xiang; Jiang, Chu-Han; Wu, Zhong-Xue

    2015-01-01

    Background: The endovascular strategy of the huge dissecting aneurysms involving the basilar artery (BA) is controversial and challenging. This study was to investigate the clinical and angiographic outcomes of the treatment of the huge dissecting aneurysms involving the BA by the internal trapping (IT) technique. Methods: We retrospectively studied 15 patients with the huge dissecting aneurysms involving the BA treated by the IT technique between September 2005 and September 2014 in Department of Interventional Neuroradiology of Beijing Tiantan Hospital. Clinical and angiographic data were reviewed and evaluated. Results: All patients were treated by the IT technique. That meant the dissecting artery and aneurysm segments were completed occlusion. After the procedure, the angiography demonstrated that all the dissecting artery and aneurysm segments were completed occlusion. Follow-up angiography was performed at 3–6 months or 12–18 months after the endovascular treatment (median 8 months), 14 patients had a good recovery. Re-canalization occurred in one patient whose aneurysm involved in bilateral vertebral arteries and the two third of the middle-lower BA. After the second treatment, the patient died by the ventricular tachycardia. Conclusions: The IT technique is a technically feasible and safe alternative for the treatment of BA dissecting aneurysms, but it is not necessarily the safest or most definitive treatment modality. The ideal treatment of the huge dissecting aneurysms involving the BA remains debatable and must be investigated on a case-by-case basis. PMID:26168833

  18. Endovascular Treatment of the Huge Dissecting Aneurysms Involving the Basilar Artery by the Internal Trapping Technique: Technical Note.

    PubMed

    Mu, Shi-Qing; Yang, Xin-Jian; Li, You-Xiang; Jiang, Chu-Han; Wu, Zhong-Xue

    2015-07-20

    The endovascular strategy of the huge dissecting aneurysms involving the basilar artery (BA) is controversial and challenging. This study was to investigate the clinical and angiographic outcomes of the treatment of the huge dissecting aneurysms involving the BA by the internal trapping (IT) technique. We retrospectively studied 15 patients with the huge dissecting aneurysms involving the BA treated by the IT technique between September 2005 and September 2014 in Department of Interventional Neuroradiology of Beijing Tiantan Hospital. Clinical and angiographic data were reviewed and evaluated. All patients were treated by the IT technique. That meant the dissecting artery and aneurysm segments were completed occlusion. After the procedure, the angiography demonstrated that all the dissecting artery and aneurysm segments were completed occlusion. Follow-up angiography was performed at 3-6 months or 12-18 months after the endovascular treatment (median 8 months), 14 patients had a good recovery. Re-canalization occurred in one patient whose aneurysm involved in bilateral vertebral arteries and the two third of the middle-lower BA. After the second treatment, the patient died by the ventricular tachycardia. The IT technique is a technically feasible and safe alternative for the treatment of BA dissecting aneurysms, but it is not necessarily the safest or most definitive treatment modality. The ideal treatment of the huge dissecting aneurysms involving the BA remains debatable and must be investigated on a case-by-case basis.

  19. [Successful endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysm secondary to infection of the umbilical artery catheter in preterm infants].

    PubMed

    Borchert, Evelyn; Lema, Guillermo; Springmuller, Daniel; González, Katia; Chang, Win T; González, Rodrigo; Garay, Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Aortic aneurysms (AA) in the paediatric population are uncommon. The use of umbilical catheters in neonates has been associated with infections and, on some occasions, the formation of aortic aneurysms. The surgical repair of these aneurysms is one type of treatment; however, percutaneous intervention with stents could provide an alternative treatment route, with fewer complications. The aim of this report is to present the therapeutic scope of a hybrid procedure, in which the combined surgical and percutaneous technique offers a less invasive alternative to open surgery for the repair of aortic aneurysms or their main branches. The case concerns a pre-term newborn of 30 weeks weighing 1,335 g. An umbilical catheter was introduced, which was withdrawn at 14 days due to an infection. It developed as Staphylococcus aureus with sepsis. The echocardiogram and Angio-CT confirmed AA, which were managed using a hybrid procedure of surgery and the endovascular implantation of 2 coated stents (Atrium V12 XR Medical Corp, Hudson, NH). The post-procedure clinical follow-ups, including abdominal echo-tomography, confirmed the success of the treatment. The endovascular aortic aneurysm repair procedure in premature newborns may be considered when deciding treatment of this disease, and could avoid the risks associated with open surgery. However, follow-up and monitoring is required while the patient grows up, due to the possibility that the implanted stents require re-dilating. The outcomes of neonatal endovascular procedures in the future are unknown. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Correlation of Acute M1 Middle Cerebral Artery Thrombus Location with Endovascular Treatment Success and Clinical Outcome

    PubMed Central

    Pavabvash, Seyedmehdi; Taleb, Shayandokht; Majidi, Shahram; Qureshi, Adnan I.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose The location of the arterial occlusion can help with prognostication and treatment triage of acute stroke patients. We aimed to determine the effects of M1 distance-to-thrombus on angiographic recanalization success rate and clinical outcome following endovascular treatment of acute M1 occlusion. Methods All acute ischemic stroke patients with M1 segment middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion on admission CT angiography (CTA) who underwent endovascular treatment were analyzed. The distance between thrombus origin and internal carotid artery (ICA) bifurcation was measured on admission CTA. The modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (mTICI) grades 2b (>50% of distal branch filling) and 3 (complete) were considered as successful recanalization. Favorable outcome was defined by 3-month follow-up modified Rankin scale (mRs) score ≤2. Results Successful recanalization was achieved in 24 (71%) of 34 consecutive patients included in this study. The M1 distance-to-thrombus was shorter among patients with successful recanalization (5.4 ± 5.4 mm) versus those without (11.3 ± 7.6 mm, p = 0.015). The successful recanalization rate was higher among patients with M1 distance-to-thrombus ≤6 mm (odds ratio: 8, 95% confidence interval: 1.37–46.81, p = 0.023) compared with those with distance-to-thrombus >6 mm. There was no significant correlation between M1 distance-to-thrombus and 3-month mRs (rho: 0.131, p = 0.461); however, the distance-to-thrombus negatively correlated with admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores (rho: −0.350, p=0.043). On the other hand, successful recanalization and admission NIHSS score were the only independent predictors of favorable outcome. Conclusion Shorter distance of M1 thrombus from ICA bifurcation is associated with higher rate of successful recanalization following endovascular treatment. PMID:28243346

  1. Diagnosis and Treatment of Delirium

    PubMed Central

    Henry, W. Desmond; Mann, Alan M.

    1965-01-01

    Delirium is not a clinical entity but a symptom-complex of manifold etiology. Its presence signifies acute cerebral insufficiency and often represents a medical and/or psychiatric emergency. Though some forms of delirium have distinctive features, the fundamental phenomena are common to all, with clouding of consciousness the sine qua non. The condition has two major components: (1) the basic “acute brain syndrome” and (2) associated release phenomena. Clinicians must first make the vital differentiation between delirium and “functional” mental disorder, then proceed with the elucidation of the underlying diagnosis and the concurrent organization of symptomatic and etiologic treatment. Proper treatment combines management of the acute brain syndrome with general and specific procedures for control of the underlying condition. Dealing with the symptom-complex itself involves the principles and practice of sedation, hydration, and nutrition, nursing care and supportive measures. Provided the basic organic condition is treatable, the prognosis today is usually good. PMID:5844423

  2. Piriformis syndrome, diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Kirschner, Jonathan S; Foye, Patrick M; Cole, Jeffrey L

    2009-07-01

    Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an uncommon cause of sciatica that involves buttock pain referred to the leg. Diagnosis is often difficult, and it is one of exclusion due to few validated and standardized diagnostic tests. Treatment for PS has historically focused on stretching and physical therapy modalities, with refractory patients also receiving anesthetic and corticosteroid injections into the piriformis muscle origin, belly, muscle sheath, or sciatic nerve sheath. Recently, the use of botulinum toxin (BTX) to treat PS has gained popularity. Its use is aimed at relieving sciatic nerve compression and inherent muscle pain from a tight piriformis. BTX is being used increasingly for myofascial pain syndromes, and some studies have demonstrated superior efficacy to corticosteroid injection. The success of BTX in treating PS supports the prevailing pathoanatomic etiology of the condition and suggests a promising future for BTX in the treatment of other myofascial pain syndromes.

  3. Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypopituitarism

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Hypopituitarism is a chronic endocrine illness that caused by varied etiologies. Clinical manifestations of hypopituitarism are variable, often insidious in onset and dependent on the degree and severity of hormone deficiency. However, it is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Therefore, early diagnosis and prompt treatment is necessary. Hypopituitarism can be easily diagnosed by measuring basal pituitary and target hormone levels except growth hormone (GH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. Dynamic stimulation tests are indicated in equivocal basal hormone levels and GH/ACTH deficiency. Knowledge of the use and limitations of these stimulation tests is mandatory for proper interpretation. It is necessary for physicians to inform their patients that they may require lifetime treatment. Hormone replacement therapy should be individualized according to the specific needs of each patient, taking into account possible interactions. Long-term endocrinological follow-up of hypopituitary patients is important to monitor hormonal replacement regimes and avoid under- or overtreatment. PMID:26790380

  4. Turco's injury: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    da Silva, Ana Paula Simões; Shimba, Leandro Girardi; Ribas, Luiz Henrique Boraschi Vieira; de Almeida, Alexandre Simmonds; Naves, Vinicius; Duarte Júnior, Aires

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to alert doctors to the existence of Turco's injury and discus the existing treatments that have been described in the worldwide literature. A bibliographic survey of Lisfranc's injury and Turco's injury covering from 1985 to 2013 was conducted in the SciELO and PubMed databases. Among the 193 articles, those relating to bone-ligament injuries of the Lisfranc joint and high-energy trauma were excluded, as were the case reports. The patients selected were professional or amateur athletes who solely presented a ligament injury to the Lisfranc joint (Turco's injury), which was diagnosed from the history, physical examination, radiographs and magnetic resonance images. Non-athletic patients and those with associated bone injuries were excluded (10). According to the injury classification, the patients were treated by means of either an open or a closed procedure and then a standard rehabilitation protocol. Out of the 10 patients, five underwent conservative treatment and five underwent surgical treatment using different techniques and synthesis materials. We obtained two poor results, one satisfactory, five good and two excellent. We conclude that the correct diagnosis has a direct influence on the treatment and on the final result obtained, and that lack of knowledge of this injury is the main factor responsible for underdiagnosing Turco's injury. There is a need for randomized prospective studies comparing the types of synthesis and evolution of treated cases, in order to define the best treatment for this injury.

  5. [Lymphedema: From diagnosis to treatment].

    PubMed

    Vignes, S

    2017-02-01

    Lymphedema results from impaired lymphatic transport with increased limb volume. Lymphedema are divided in primary and secondary forms. Upper-limb lymphedema secondary to breast cancer treatment is the most frequent in France. Primary lymphedema is sporadic, rarely familial or associated with complex malformative or genetic disorders. Diagnosis of lymphedema is mainly clinical and lymphoscintigraphy is useful in primary form to assess precisely the lymphatic function of the two limbs. Erysipelas (cellulitis) is the main complication, but psychological or functional discomfort may occur throughout the course of lymphedema. Lipedema is the main differential diagnosis, defined as an abnormal accumulation of fat from hip to ankle. Lymphedema management is based on complete decongestive physiotherapy (multilayer low-stretch bandage, manual lymph drainage, skin care, exercises). The first phase of treatment leads to a reduction of lymphedema volume and the second phase stabilizes the volume. Multilayer low-stretch bandage and elastic compression is the cornerstone of the complete decongestive physiotherapy. Patient-education programs, including self-management, aim to improve patient autonomy. Copyright © 2016 Société Nationale Française de Médecine Interne (SNFMI). Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. Inter- and Intrarater Agreement on the Outcome of Endovascular Treatment of Aneurysms Using MRA.

    PubMed

    Jamali, S; Fahed, R; Gentric, J-C; Letourneau-Guillon, L; Raoult, H; Bing, F; Estrade, L; Nguyen, T N; Tollard, É; Ferre, J-C; Iancu, D; Naggara, O; Chagnon, M; Weill, A; Roy, D; Fox, A J; Kallmes, D F; Raymond, J

    2016-05-01

    Patients treated with coiling are often followed by MR angiography. Our objective was to assess the inter- and intraobserver agreement in diagnosing aneurysm remnants and recurrences by using multimodality imaging, including TOF MRA. A portfolio composed of 120 selected images from 56 patients was sent to 15 neuroradiologists from 10 institutions. For each case, raters were asked to classify angiographic results (3 classes) of 2 studies (32 MRA-MRA and 24 DSA-MRA pairs) and to provide a final judgment regarding the presence of a recurrence (no, minor, major). Six raters were asked to independently review the portfolio twice. A second study, restricted to 4 raters having full access to all images, was designed to validate the results of the electronic survey. The proportion of cases judged to have a major recurrence varied between 16.1% and 71.4% (mean, 35.0% ± 12.7%). There was moderate agreement overall (κ = 0.474 ± 0.009), increasing to nearly substantial (κ = 0.581 ± 0.014) when the judgment was dichotomized (presence or absence of a major recurrence). Agreement on cases followed-up by MRA-MRA was similarly substantial (κ = 0.601 ± 0.018). The intrarater agreement varied between fair (κ = 0.257 ± 0.093) and substantial (κ= 0.699 ± 0.084), improving with a dichotomized judgment concerning MRA-MRA comparisons. Agreement was no better when raters had access to all images. There is an important variability in the assessment of angiographic outcomes of endovascular treatments. Agreement on the presence of a major recurrence when comparing 2 MRA studies or the MRA with the last catheter angiographic study can be substantial. © 2016 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  7. Ten-Year Single-Center Results of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Treatment: Endovascular versus Open Repair.

    PubMed

    Majd, Payman; Ahmad, Wael; Becker, Ingrid; Brunkwall, Jan Sigge

    2017-10-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare the long-term survival in matched cohorts of patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) undergoing an elective open repair (OR) or an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Patients with a primary elective repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm between 1998 and 2006 were identified in a retrospective review of our single-center database. EVAR and OR patients were matched with respect to age, gender, renal disease, tobacco use, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and coronary artery disease. The primary end points were the early mortality and all-cause mortality during follow-up. A total of 465 patients with elective infrarenal aortic aneurysm repair were identified in the database. The EVAR and OR patients were matched according to the above-mentioned characteristics, and finally, 108 patients were included in each group. The early mortality encountered was only one death in the open group (P = 0.316). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis by the log-rank test showed no difference in cumulative survival between OR group and EVAR group (P = 0.458). Seventeen reinterventions (16.7%) in the EVAR group vs. 7 (6.5%) in the OR group (P = 0.018) were necessary during follow-up. OR and EVAR can be performed safely for elective treatment of AAA. The reintervention rate is, as expected, significantly higher in the EVAR group, but the long-term survival remains equal in both groups. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Staged endovascular and surgical treatment of slow-flow vulvar venous malformations.

    PubMed

    Nassiri, Naiem; O, Teresa M J; Rosen, Robert J; Moritz, Jacques; Waner, Milton

    2013-05-01

    The objective of the study was to report our experience in a rare series of treated symptomatic slow-flow vulvar venous malformations (VVMs) using a staged, multidisciplinary approach. Consecutive patients with symptomatic lesions treated over a 7 year period (2005-2012) were followed up for technical success, resolution of symptoms, aesthetic outcomes, and complications. Direct endovenous sclerotherapy (DEVS) using sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS) foam was performed in all patients under ultrasound and contrast-enhanced fluoroscopic guidance. Surgical excision and layered primary closure was performed within 24 hours after the last DEVS session. Eleven patients (mean age, 25 years; range, 4-43 years) were treated. Presenting symptoms included pain (n = 11), soft tissue swelling (n = 11), local heaviness (n = 11), dyspareunia (n = 2), and dysmenorrhea (n = 2). Most were isolated lesions (n = 8). There were 2 cases of Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome and 1 case of Maffucci syndrome. The latter required Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation prior to sclerotherapy. On average, approximately 3 DEVS sessions were required prior to surgical excision (range, 1-6). Mean estimated surgical blood loss was 130 mL (range, 20-400 mL). Mean follow-up was 23 months (range, 3-55 months). Elimination of pain and soft tissue redundancy was achieved in all patients with satisfactory aesthetic outcomes. All patients experienced minor pain and swelling after DEVS. Following surgical excision, there was 1 case of hematoma and wound dehiscence requiring surgical evacuation. No other reinterventions, endovascular or surgical, were required. VVMs require increased awareness and appropriate preoperative evaluation for proper identification and treatment. A multidisciplinary approach can provide improvement in clinical signs and symptoms with satisfactory cosmesis and minimal complications. Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Endovascular Stent-Graft Placement as Emergency Treatment for Ruptured Iliac Pseudoaneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Aytekin, Cueneyt; Boyvat, Fatih; Yildirim, Erkan; Coskun, Mehmet

    2002-08-15

    A 65-year-old woman with advanced mucinous carcinoma of the ovary presented with massive rectal bleeding caused by rupture of an iliac artery pseudoaneurysm into the bowel. Surgery was contraindicated due to the patient's poor clinical condition. We successfully placed an endovascular stent-graft that excluded the pseudoaneurysm. There were no complications, and the patient recovered well.

  10. Emergency endovascular treatment of a ruptured thoracic aneurysm discovered as a back pulsatile mass.

    PubMed

    Collart, Frédéric; Kerbaul, Francois; Jop, Bertrand; Magnan, Pierre-Edouard; Bartoli, Jean-Michel

    2005-07-20

    We report a case of a 65-year-old patient admitted in emergency for a sudden chest pain associated with a pulsatile mass of the back. The CT scan showed a ruptured dissecting aneurysm involving the chest wall. The patient was treated in emergency with an endovascular-covered prosthesis with a favorable outcome.

  11. Role of Endovascular Treatment in Pediatric Cerebral Aneurysms: A Series of Two Case Reports

    PubMed Central

    Alurkar, Anand; Karanamm, Lakshmi Sudha Prasanna; Oak, Sagar

    2012-01-01

    Aneurysms in the pediatric age group are rare and have preponderance for the posterior circulation. These aneurysms are more commonly large, giant, and complex. We present two case reports of saccular aneurysms in pediatric patients who were treated successfully by endovascular technique. PMID:23393631

  12. Evolution from open surgical to endovascular treatment of ureteral-iliac artery fistula

    PubMed Central

    Malgor, Rafael D.; Oderich, Gustavo S.; Andrews, James C.; McKusick, Michael; Kalra, Manju; Misra, Sanjay; Gloviczki, Peter; Bower, Thomas C.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To review the indications and results of open surgical and endovascular treatment for ureteral-iliac artery fistula (UIAF). Methods We reviewed the clinical data of 20 consecutive patients treated for 21 UIAFs between 1996 and 2010. Since 2004, iliac artery stent grafts were the primary treatment except for complex fistulas with enteric contamination or abscess. Endpoints were early morbidity and mortality, patient survival, vessel or graft patency, freedom from vascular or stent graft/graft infection, and freedom from recurrent bleeding. Results There were 20 patients, 15 females, and five males, with mean age of 63 ± 13 years. Predisposing factors for UIAF were prior tumor resection in 18 patients, radiation in 15, ureteral stents in 15, ileal conduits in four, and ileofemoral grafts in three. All patients presented with hematuria, which was massive in 10. Treatment included iliac stent grafts in 11 patients/12 fistulas (55%), with internal iliac artery (IAA) exclusion in nine, femoral crossover graft with IAA exclusion in five, direct arterial repair in three, and ureteral exclusion with percutaneous nephrostomy and no arterial repair in one. There were no early deaths. Five of eight patients treated by open surgical repair developed complications, which included enterocutaneous fistula in three and superficial wound infection in two. Four patients (36%) treated by iliac stent grafts had complications, including pneumonia, non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, buttock claudication, and early stent occlusion in one each. After a median follow-up of 26 months, no one had recurrent massive hematuria, but minor bleeding was reported in three. Patient survival at 5 years was 42% compared with 93% for the general population (P < .001). Freedom from any recurrent bleeding at 3 years was 76%. In the stent graft group, primary and secondary patency rates and freedom from stent graft infection at 3 years were 81%, 92%, and 100%. Conclusions UIAF is a

  13. The Latest Information on Intracranial Atherosclerosis: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    PubMed

    Koo, Jaseong

    2015-10-01

    Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is the most common cause of ischemic stroke in the world. ICAS is especially common in the Asian population accounting for 30-50% of all ischemic strokes. The risk of recurrent stroke in patients with symptomatic ICAS is the highest among the stroke subtypes. Two major factors associated with recurrent stroke are high degree (>70%) of stenosis and progression of ICAS. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound, CT angiography, MR angiography, and conventional catheter angiography are used for the diagnosis of ICAS. Today, high-resolution MRI can provide important information to improve the understanding of pathophysiology and diagnosis of ICAS. For prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with ICAS, surgery and endovascular intervention failed to show benefit over best medical treatment. Best medical treatment includes intensive risk factor control and antiplatelet therapy. Various antiplatelet drugs or their combination can be used for prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with ICAS. Cilostazol with or without aspirin is effective in preventing progression of symptomatic ICAS. Cilostazol is also safer than aspirin in terms of bleeding complications.

  14. Endovascular treatment of immature, dysfunctional and thrombosed forearm autogenous ulnar-basilic and radial-basilic fistulas for haemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Natário, Ana; Turmel-Rodrigues, Luc; Fodil-Cherif, Mahammed; Brillet, Georges; Girault-Lataste, Anne; Dumont, Geneviève; Mouton, Albert

    2010-02-01

    Forearm basilic fistulas are rarely used as vascular accesses for haemodialysis but they represent a valuable option when autogenous radial-cephalic fistulas cannot be performed. There is no information in the literature to date about the outcome of direct ulnar-basilic or transposed radial-basilic forearm autogenous fistulas after endovascular treatment of stenosis or thrombosis. This retrospective study included 78 consecutive patients from eight dialysis units who were referred to a single interventional radiology centre for endovascular treatment of delayed maturation (n = 30), dysfunction (n = 35) or thrombosis (n = 13) of their autogenous forearm ulnar-basilic (n = 62) or radial-basilic fistulas (n = 16). The male/female ratio was 54/24, mean age was 64.7 years, 26% had diabetes, 83% were treated for hypertension and the mean body mass index was 24 kg/m(2). Immature and dysfunctional fistulas were treated by dilation and thrombosed fistulas by aspiration thrombectomy. Clinical success was defined as the perception of a continuous palpable thrill and the ability to perform dialysis. Fistula patency rates were calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Overall primary patency rates were 51% and 44% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. These rates were lower for immature and thrombosed fistulas compared to dysfunctional mature fistulas. Secondary patency rates were 96% and 91% at 1 and 4 years, respectively. Immediate overall clinical success was 97%. The two failures occurred with an immature and a thrombosed fistula. Immediate complications included two transient dilation-induced ruptures treated by prolonged balloon inflation. One case of subsequent hand ischaemia was successfully treated by distal artery ligation. Endovascular treatment plays a major role in the maturation process, maintenance and salvage of radial and ulnar-basilic fistulas. The preservation of upper arm veins for the future, with low risk of hand ischaemia or hyperflow, might encourage

  15. General Anesthesia Versus Conscious Sedation for Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke: The AnStroke Trial (Anesthesia During Stroke).

    PubMed

    Löwhagen Hendén, Pia; Rentzos, Alexandros; Karlsson, Jan-Erik; Rosengren, Lars; Leiram, Birgitta; Sundeman, Henrik; Dunker, Dennis; Schnabel, Kunigunde; Wikholm, Gunnar; Hellström, Mikael; Ricksten, Sven-Erik

    2017-06-01

    Retrospective studies have found that patients receiving general anesthesia for endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke have worse neurological outcome compared with patients receiving conscious sedation. In this prospective randomized single-center study, we investigated the impact of anesthesia technique on neurological outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients. Ninety patients receiving endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke in 2013 to 2016 were included and randomized to general anesthesia or conscious sedation. Difference in neurological outcome at 3 months, measured as modified Rankin Scale score, was analyzed (primary outcome) and early neurological improvement of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and cerebral infarction volume. Age, sex, comorbidities, admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, intraprocedural blood pressure, blood glucose, Paco2 and Pco2 modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Ischemia score, and relevant time intervals were recorded. In the general anesthesia group 19 of 45 patients (42.2%) and in the conscious sedation group 18 of 45 patients (40.0%) achieved a modified Rankin Scale score ≤2 (P=1.00) at 3 months, with no differences in intraoperative blood pressure decline from baseline (P=0.57); blood glucose (P=0.94); PaCO2 (P=0.68); time intervals (P=0.78); degree of successful recanalization, 91.1% versus 88.9% (P=1.00); National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at 24 hours 8 (3-5) versus 9 (2-15; P=0.60); infarction volume, 20 (10-100) versus 20(10-54) mL (P=0.53); and hospital mortality (13.3% in both groups; P=1.00). In endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke, no difference was found between general anesthesia and conscious sedation in neurological outcome 3 months after stroke. URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01872884. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  16. Trigeminal neuralgia - diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Maarbjerg, Stine; Di Stefano, Giulia; Bendtsen, Lars; Cruccu, Giorgio

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by touch-evoked unilateral brief shock-like paroxysmal pain in one or more divisions of the trigeminal nerve. In addition to the paroxysmal pain, some patients also have continuous pain. TN is divided into classical TN (CTN) and secondary TN (STN). Etiology and pathophysiology Demyelination of primary sensory trigeminal afferents in the root entry zone is the predominant pathophysiological mechanism. Most likely, demyelination paves the way for generation of ectopic impulses and ephaptic crosstalk. In a significant proportion of the patients, the demyelination is caused by a neurovascular conflict with morphological changes such as compression of the trigeminal root. However, there are also other unknown etiological factors, as only half of the CTN patients have morphological changes. STN is caused by multiple sclerosis or a space-occupying lesion affecting the trigeminal nerve. Differential diagnosis and treatment Important differential diagnoses include trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, posttraumatic or postherpetic pain and other facial pains. First line treatment is prophylactic medication with sodium channel blockers, and second line treatment is neurosurgical intervention. Future perspectives Future studies should focus on genetics, unexplored etiological factors, sensory function, the neurosurgical outcome and complications, combination and neuromodulation treatment as well as development of new drugs with better tolerability.

  17. Endovascular Treatment of a Superior Mesenteric Artery Aneurysm Secondary to Behcet's Disease with Onyx (Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer)

    SciTech Connect

    Gueven, Koray Rozanes, Izzet; Kayabali, Murat; Minareci, Ozenc

    2009-01-15

    Behcet's disease is a complex multisystemic chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized by oral and genital aphtous ulcers and vasculitis. Aneurysms of major arteries are the most important cause of mortality in Behcet's disease. Four patients with superior mesenteric artery (SMA) aneurysms related to Behcet's disease have been reported in the literature. We report here the first successful endovascular treatment of a giant, wide-necked SMA aneurysm secondary to Behcet's disease. We performed a balloon-assisted embolization technique using ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx, ev3, Irvine, CA, USA). There were no signs of recurrence during 2-year follow-up.

  18. Adverse events after endovascular treatment of chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) in patients with multiple sclerosis.

    PubMed

    Ghezzi, A; Annovazzi, P; Amato, M P; Capello, E; Cavalla, P; Cocco, E; Falcini, M; Gallo, A; Patti, F; Perini, P; Rodegher, M E; Rovaris, M; Rottoli, M R; Comi, G

    2013-06-01

    Although it is debated whether chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) plays a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) development, many patients undergo endovascular treatment (ET) of CCSVI. A study is ongoing in Italy to evaluate the clinical outcome of ET. Severe adverse events (AEs) occurred in 15/462 subjects at a variable interval after ET: jugular thrombosis in seven patients, tetraventricular hydrocephalus, stroke, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, status epilepticus, aspiration pneumonia, hypertension with tachicardia, or bleeding of bedsore in the remaining seven cases. One patient died because of myocardial infarction 10 weeks after ET. The risk of severe AEs related to ET for CCSVI must be carefully considered.

  19. Endovascular treatment of a traumatic dural arteriovenous fistula of the superior sagittal sinus using dual lumen balloon microcatheter

    PubMed Central

    Tao, Yihao; Niu, Yin; Zhu, Gang; Chen, Zhi

    2016-01-01

    Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVFs) induced by trauma in the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) are rare and difficult to treat because of their unique midline location, multiplicity of arterial feeders, and critical venous drainage. We report a case of an endovascular treatment using dual lumen balloon microcatheter on a patient with post-traumatic SSS DAVF. By the use of dual lumen Scepter balloon microcatheter, proximal Onyx reflux was prevented. In this case, complete embolization of the DAVFs was achieved and the outcome of the patient was fairly good. PMID:27094527

  20. Ion-implantation and characterization of 32P-radioactive platinum coils for endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leblanc, Philippe; Raymond, Jean; Roorda, Sjoerd

    2006-01-01

    We produced and measured over 800 32P-ion-implanted coils for pre-clinical and clinical studies. Platinum coils are intravascular implants most frequently used in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. This less invasive endovascular approach is safer than conventional surgery, but a frequent drawback is the recurrence of the aneurysm, associated with recanalization, a phenomenon that can be inhibited by the local application of beta radiation. Total coil activities, uniformity, reproducibility and 32P binding to platinum were determined and found to be adequate for this application.

  1. Flow Diverters as Useful Adjunct to Traditional Endovascular Techniques in Treatment of Direct Carotid-Cavernous Fistulas.

    PubMed

    Ogilvy, Christopher S; Motiei-Langroudi, Rouzbeh; Ghorbani, Mohammad; Griessenauer, Christoph J; Alturki, Abdulrahman Y; Thomas, Ajith J

    2017-09-01

    Direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas (CCFs) are high-flow arteriovenous shunts that are typically the result of a severe head injury. The endovascular treatment of these lesions includes the use of detachable balloons, coils, liquid embolic agents, and covered stents. To minimize the chance of treatment failure and subsequent complications, endoluminal reconstruction using a flow-diverting stent may be added to the treatment construct. We present 3 cases and review the existing literature. Three patients with direct traumatic CCFs were treated with either coils, coils and Onyx, or a detachable balloon, followed by placement of a flow-diverting stent for endoluminal reconstruction. All 3 cases had complete angiographic occlusion of the CCFs and recovered clinically. No complications were observed. We believe that endovascular coil or balloon occlusion of the fistula from either a transvenous or transarterial approach followed by flow diversion may be an appropriate treatment for direct CCFs. This addition of a flow diverter may facilitate endothelialization of the injury to the internal carotid artery. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Finite Element Modeling of Endovascular Intervention Enables Hemodynamic Prediction of Complex Treatment Strategies for Coiling and Flow Diversion

    PubMed Central

    Damiano, Robert J.; Ma, Ding; Xiang, Jianping; Siddiqui, Adnan H.; Snyder, Kenneth V.; Meng, Hui

    2016-01-01

    Endovascular interventions using coil embolization and flow diversion are becoming the mainstream treatment for intracranial aneurysms (IAs). To help assess the effect of intervention strategies on aneurysm hemodynamics and treatment outcome, we have developed a finite-element-method (FEM)-based technique for coil deployment along with our HiFiVS technique for flow diverter (FD) deployment in patient-specific IAs. We tested four clinical intervention strategies: coiling (1–8 coils), single FD, FD with adjunctive coils (1–8 coils), and overlapping FDs. By evaluating post-treatment hemodynamics using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), we compared the flow-modification performance of these strategies. Results show that a single FD provides more reduction in inflow rate than low PD coiling, but less reduction in average velocity inside the aneurysm. Adjunctive coils add no additional reduction of inflow rate beyond a single FD until coil PD exceeds 11%. This suggests that the main role of FDs is to divert inflow, while that of coils is to create stasis in the aneurysm. Overlapping FDs decreases inflow rate, average velocity, and average wall shear stress (WSS) in the aneurysm sac, but adding a third FD produces minimal additional reduction. In conclusion, our FEM-based techniques for virtual coiling and flow diversion enable recapitulation of complex endovascular intervention strategies and detailed hemodynamics to identify hemodynamic factors that affect treatment outcome. PMID:26169778

  3. Finite element modeling of endovascular coiling and flow diversion enables hemodynamic prediction of complex treatment strategies for intracranial aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Damiano, Robert J; Ma, Ding; Xiang, Jianping; Siddiqui, Adnan H; Snyder, Kenneth V; Meng, Hui

    2015-09-18

    Endovascular interventions using coil embolization and flow diversion are becoming the mainstream treatment for intracranial aneurysms (IAs). To help assess the effect of intervention strategies on aneurysm hemodynamics and treatment outcome, we have developed a finite-element-method (FEM)-based technique for coil deployment along with our HiFiVS technique for flow diverter (FD) deployment in patient-specific IAs. We tested four clinical intervention strategies: coiling (1-8 coils), single FD, FD with adjunctive coils (1-8 coils), and overlapping FDs. By evaluating post-treatment hemodynamics using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), we compared the flow-modification performance of these strategies. Results show that a single FD provides more reduction in inflow rate than low packing density (PD) coiling, but less reduction in average velocity inside the aneurysm. Adjunctive coils add no additional reduction of inflow rate beyond a single FD until coil PD exceeds 11%. This suggests that the main role of FDs is to divert inflow, while that of coils is to create stasis in the aneurysm. Overlapping FDs decreases inflow rate, average velocity, and average wall shear stress (WSS) in the aneurysm sac, but adding a third FD produces minimal additional reduction. In conclusion, our FEM-based techniques for virtual coiling and flow diversion enable recapitulation of complex endovascular intervention strategies and detailed hemodynamics to identify hemodynamic factors that affect treatment outcome.

  4. The Gore Global Registry for Endovascular Aortic Treatment: Objectives and Design.

    PubMed

    Loa, Jacky; Dubenec, Steven; Cao, Piergiorgio; Milner, Ross; Silveira, Pierre G; Trimarchi, Santi; Verhoeven, Eric; Weaver, Fred

    2016-02-01

    The Global Registry for Endovascular Aortic Treatment (GREAT) is a prospective observational multicenter cohort registry that was initiated in November 2011. The aim of the GREAT is to collect contemporary real-world data on the performance of all Gore aortic endografts in the treatment of multiple aortic pathologies. The primary and secondary objectives, design, and future directions of the GREAT are described. The GREAT aims to enroll 5000 consecutive patients with Gore thoracic and abdominal aortic endografts from multiple centers throughout the world. The GREAT has broad inclusion criteria with minimal exclusion criteria to reflect real-world practice such as including off-label use, nonstandard indications and devices deployed outside instruction for use. Follow-up will extend to 10 years providing major insights into the long-term durability and behavior of Gore aortic endografts. Primary end points include the incidence and timing of (1) endoleak of any type, (2) endograft migration and/or stent fracture, (3) endograft explantation, and (4) aortic rupture. Secondary end points include the following: (1) incidence of serious device events by pathology, (2) incidence of serious device events by aortic segment (ascending aorta, arch of aorta, descending thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta), (3) long-term survival by pathology, and (4) aorta-related mortality by pathology. As of June 2015, 2960 patients have been enrolled into the GREAT from 78 centers in Europe, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Brazil. The majority of patients and centers are from Europe and the United States. Completion of enrollment is anticipated to be in 2017 with interim results planned to be published during enrollment and on follow-up. Upon completion, the GREAT will be among the largest clinical registry to date of abdominal and thoracic aortic devices manufactured by a single sponsor. It will provide valuable real-world data on the use and durability of Gore aortic

  5. The role of radiology in the diagnosis and treatment of mesenteric ischaemia.

    PubMed

    Upponi, Sara; Harvey, John Julian; Uberoi, Raman; Ganeshan, Arul

    2013-03-01

    Clinicians working in any acute medical/surgical unit need an understanding of mesenteric ischaemia. Acute mesenteric ischaemia is a life-threatening vascular emergency associated with high morbidity and mortality. However, prompt diagnosis with the use of contrast-enhanced CT, more specifically CT angiography, has replaced catheter angiography as the new standard and is readily available in many emergency departments. Similarly, new hybrid open surgery endovascular treatment can minimise the surgical insult to these often critically ill elderly patients. Together, these changes can change the previously grim prognosis associated with this condition. By contrast, chronic mesenteric ischaemia (CMI) is an insidious disease and often a diagnosis of exclusion. However, it can cause a significant reduction in a patient's quality of life, due to 'mesenteric angina' and food avoidance, yet can potentially be treated simply and effectively. Recognition of the typical clinical history and imaging findings is key to making the diagnosis in a timely fashion. Radiology plays a significant role in the diagnosis and increasingly in the treatment of mesenteric ischaemia. Other clinicians should have a basic understanding of what radiology can and cannot offer. The advantages and limitations of commonly used imaging modalities-plain films, CT, MRI and ultrasound, are examined. The significance of findings, such as pneumatosis coli and portal gas are explained. Finally, the different endovascular management of both acute and CMI is discussed, which have emerged as minimally invasive options to complement open revascularisation surgery.

  6. Quality Improvement Guidelines for Imaging Detection and Treatment of Endoleaks following Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR)

    SciTech Connect

    Rand, T.; Uberoi, R.; Cil, B.; Munneke, G.; Tsetis, D.

    2013-02-15

    Major concerns after aortic aneurysm repair are caused by the presence of endoleaks, which are defined as persistent perigraft flow within the aortic aneurysm sac. Diagnosis of endoleaks can be performed with various imaging modalities, and indications for treatment are based on further subclassifications. Early detection and correct classification of endoleaks are crucial for planning patient management. The vast majority of endoleaks can be treated successfully by interventional means. Guidelines for Imaging Detection and Treatment of endoleaks are described in this article.

  7. Increasing use of endovascular therapy in acute arterial injuries: analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank.

    PubMed

    Reuben, Brian C; Whitten, Matthew G; Sarfati, Mark; Kraiss, Larry W

    2007-12-01

    The application of endovascular technology for the emergency treatment of traumatic vascular injuries is a new frontier. This study examines recent nationwide use of endovascular therapy in acute arterial traumatic injuries. This retrospective study used the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB). Cases with a diagnosis of arterial vascular injury were identified according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, and procedure codes for endovascular therapy were selected. A descriptive analysis and multiple regressions were performed to identify variables predictive of outcomes. From 1994 to 2003, 12,732 arterial injuries were identified. Between 1997 (when the first endovascular repair was recorded in the NTDB) and 2003, 7286 open arterial repairs and 281 endovascular repairs were recorded for an overall utilization rate for endovascular procedures of 3.7%. The yearly number of endovascular procedures registered in the NTDB increased 27-fold, from four in 1997 to 107 in 2003. Use of stents substantially increased from 12 in 2000 to 30 in 2003; endograft use increased from one in 2000 to 37 in 2003. Nearly equal numbers of blunt (n = 134) and penetrating (n = 111) injuries were treated. The injury severity score (median, interquartile range [IRQ]) was significantly lower in patients who underwent an endovascular procedure at 13 (IRQ, 9 to 26) for trauma vs patients requiring an open procedure at 20 (IRQ, 10 to 34; P < .001), a finding corroborated by the lower number of associated injuries in patients undergoing endovascular repair (8.7 +/- 7.2 vs 13.0 +/- 16.1, P < .001). Using multivariable regression to control for differences in injury severity score and associated injuries, mortality was significantly lower for patients undergoing endovascular procedures (odds ratio, 0.18; P = .029) including those with an arterial injury of the torso or head and neck (odds ratio, 0.51, P = .007). Total length of hospital stay also

  8. [Acute pancreatitis (protocols of diagnosis and treatment)].

    PubMed

    Tolstoĭ, A D; Bagnenko, S F; Krasnorogov, V B; Kurygin, A A; Grinev, M V; Lapshin, V N; Gol'tsov, V R

    2005-01-01

    Protocols of diagnosis and treatment of acute pancreatitis are presented. Definition based on pathogenesis of the disease is given. Phases of acute pancreatitis, features of diagnosis and treatment in each phase are analyzed. Terms of surgical treatment, main principles of postoperative treatment are discussed.

  9. Pheochromocytoma: evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment.

    PubMed

    Walther, M M; Keiser, H R; Linehan, W M

    1999-02-01

    Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-producing tumor of the sympathetic nervous system. Signs and symptoms are generally related to catecholamine excess; these include hypertension, sweating, palpitatione, headaches, and anxiety attacks. Abdominal imaging and 24-h urine collection for catecholamines are usually be sufficient for diagnosis. Catecholamine blockade with phenoxybenzamine and metyrosine generally ameliorates symptoms and is necessary to prevent hypertensive crisis during surgery. Standard treatment is laparoscopic adrenalectomy, although partial adrenalectomy is gaining enthusiastic support in familial forms of pheochromocytoma. Pheochromocytomas have been estimated to be present in approximately 0.3% of patients undergoing evaluation for secondary causes of hypertension [41]. Pheochromocytomas are usually curable if diagnosed and treated properly, but they can be fatal if they are not diagnosed or are managed inappropriately. Autopsy series suggest that many pheochromocytomas are not clinically suspected and that the undiagnosed tumor can be associated with morbid consequences [42].

  10. Feature Hepatitis: Hepatitis Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

    MedlinePlus

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature Hepatitis Hepatitis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention Past Issues / Spring 2009 ... No appetite Fever Headaches Diagnosis To check for hepatitis viruses, your doctor will test your blood. You ...

  11. Type II Endoleak after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Natural History and Treatment Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Liana; Cowled, Prue; Boult, Margaret; Howell, Stuart; Fitridge, Robert

    2017-10-01

    The natural history of type II endoleaks and linkage to aneurysm rupture is unclear. Likewise, treatment recommendations are controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence, factors associated with type II endoleaks, and outcomes in an Australia cohort of patients who have undergone endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Data from 693 patients who underwent EVAR between 2009 and 2013 at multiple institutions across Australia were studied. Patients who developed (1) type II endoleak and (2) type II endoleak with sac expansion were compared for preoperative demographics, mortality, sac expansion, aneurysm rupture, and intervention rates. A total of 225 patients developed type II endoleak over a mean follow-up of 1.9 years (±1.0 years), out of which 133 spontaneously resolved, 37 were untreated unresolved, and 16 underwent intervention. Type I and III endoleaks occurred in 50 and 19 patients, respectively. Smoking (P = 0.002) and warfarin (P = 0.044) were protective factors for development of type II endoleak, whereas age (P = 0.034), right iliac artery tortuosity (P = 0.031), and right (P = 0.008) and left external iliac diameters (P = 0.028) were risk factors for endoleak. Three patients suffered aneurysm ruptures in the entire cohort. All ruptures occurred in type II endoleak patients, of which two occurred after reintervention and in the absence of sac expansion (>5 mm). Late type II endoleak occurred in 117 patients, out of which 26 had sac expansion. Of those without late type II endoleak, 25 have sac expansion. There was no statistically significant difference in survival between those with and without type II endoleak. Age (P < 0.0001) and smoking (P = 0.001) were significant independent predictive factors for survival in this patient sample. Treatment outcomes were encouraging with most cases involving endoleak resolution (15 of 16 patients) and no sac expansion after intervention (0 of 8 patients with complete follow

  12. Spinal cord injury after endovascular treatment for thoracoabdominal aneurysm or dissection.

    PubMed

    Kato, Masaaki; Motoki, Manabu; Isaji, Toshihiko; Suzuki, Takahiro; Kawai, Yusuke; Ohkubo, Nobukazu

    2015-10-01

    Postoperative spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating complication of surgical repair for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm or dissection (TAAD), despite the complex reconstruction of inter-costal or lumbar arteries involved in the surgery. As an alternative technique, endovascular thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair (EVTAR) with visceral artery reconstruction has been accepted as a treatment option for severe comorbid patients of TAAD, because there is a permissible frequency of SCI after EVTAR in spite of no reconstruction of inter-costal or lumbar arteries. We report the results of EVTAR at our hospital with a focus on spinal cord injury. We analyzed data from 54 consecutive patients with TAAD (mean age, 74 ± 9.6 years; 42 men) who underwent EVTAR at our hospital between February 2007 and February 2014. Three types of EVTAR technique were used: fenestrated and/or branched stent graft implantation in 39 patients, a hybrid technique (bypass grafts to visceral arteries and straight stent graft implantation) in 10 patients, and intentional coverage of the coeliac artery and straight stent graft implantation in 5 patients. In all patients, mean systemic blood pressure was maintained at ≥80 mmHg. Opioid use was avoided in the perioperative period. According to the Crawford classification, the graft coverage extent was 9% (5/54) in type I, 11% (6/54) in type II, 39% (21/54) in type III, 22%(12/54) in type IV and 19% (10/54) in type V. In most patients (74%, 40/54), cerebrospinal fluid drainage was done intraoperatively and 1 day postoperatively. Hospital mortality was 5.6% (3/54). No patient developed SCI in the perioperative period. However, in the follow-up period 2 patients developed paraplegia as a consequence of shock caused by an aortic event. With close attention to spinal cord protection, EVTAR may be associated with only a low incidence of SCI in the perioperative period. Therefore, EVTAR is expected to become a promising treatment option for appropriately

  13. Physiologically-relevant measurements of flow through coils and stents: towards improved modeling of endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barbour, Michael; Levitt, Michael; Geindreau, Christian; Rolland Du Roscoat, Sabine; Johnson, Luke; Chivukula, Keshav; Aliseda, Alberto

    2016-11-01

    The hemodynamic environment in cerebral aneurysms undergoing flow-diverting stent (FDS) or coil embolization treatment plays a critical role in long-term outcomes. Standard modeling approaches to endovascular coils and FDS simplify the complex geometry into a homogenous porous volume or surface through the addition of a Darcy-Brinkman pressure loss term in the momentum equation. The inertial and viscous loss coefficients are typically derived from published in vitro studies of pressure loss across FDS and coils placed in a straight tube, where the only fluid path is across the treatment - an unrealistic representation of treatment apposition in vivo. The pressure drop across FDS and coils in side branch aneurysms located on curved parent vessels is measured. Using PIV, the velocity at the aneurysm neck plane is reconstructed and used to determine loss coefficients for better models of endovascular coils or FDS that account for physiological placement and vessel curvature. These improved models are incorporated into CFD simulations and validated against in vitro model PIV velocity, as well as compared to microCT-based coil/stent-resolving CFD simulations of patient-specific treated aneurysm flow.

  14. Rare use of twin Solitaire® stents in the double waffle-cone technique for endovascular treatment of a wide-necked bifurcation aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Nas, Omer Fatih; Kacar, Emre; Kaya, Ahmet; Erdogan, Cuneyt; Hakyemez, Bahattin

    2015-04-01

    Endovascular treatment of wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms may be challenging. The waffle-cone technique can be used in these aneurysms in case of acute angulation between parent artery and distal artery of the aneurysm. Solitaire® stent (Ev3, Irvine, CA, USA) has the significant advantage of mitigating the potential complication risks. This study reports the second case in the literature in which endovascular treatment of a wide-necked bifurcation aneurysm with the double waffle-cone technique by using twin Solitaire® stents proved to be successful. © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  15. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of endovascular thrombectomy compared with best medical treatment for acute ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Balami, Joyce S; Sutherland, Brad A; Edmunds, Laurel D; Grunwald, Iris Q; Neuhaus, Ain A; Hadley, Gina; Karbalai, Hasneen; Metcalf, Kneale A; DeLuca, Gabriele C; Buchan, Alastair M

    2015-12-01

    Acute ischemic strokes involving occlusion of large vessels usually recanalize poorly following treatment with intravenous thrombolysis. Recent studies have shown higher recanalization and higher good outcome rates with endovascular therapy compared with best medical management alone. A systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the benefits of all randomized controlled trials of endovascular thrombectomy where at least 25% of patients were treated with a thrombectomy device for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke compared with best medical treatment have yet to be performed. To perform a systematic review and a meta-analysis evaluating the effectiveness of endovascular thrombectomy compared with best medical care for treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Our search identified 437 publications, from which eight studies (totaling 2423 patients) matched the inclusion criteria. Overall, endovascular thrombectomy was associated with improved functional outcomes (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) [odds ratio 1·56 (1·32-1·85), P < 0·00001]. There was a tendency toward decreased mortality [odds ratio 0·84 (0·67-1·05), P = 0·12], and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage was not increased [odds ratio 1·03 (0·71-1·49), P = 0·88] compared with best medical management alone. The odds ratio for a favorable functional outcome increased to 2·23 (1·77-2·81, P < 0·00001) when newer generation thrombectomy devices were used in greater than 50% of the cases in each trial. There is clear evidence for improvement in functional independence with endovascular thrombectomy compared with standard medical care, suggesting that endovascular thrombectomy should be considered the standard effective treatment alongside thombolysis in eligible patients. © 2015 The Authors. International Journal of Stroke published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of World Stroke Organization.

  16. Diagnosis and treatment of insomnia.

    PubMed

    Passarella, Stacy; Duong, Minh-Tri

    2008-05-15

    The diagnostic criteria and treatment of insomnia are reviewed. Insomnia is most often described as a subjective complaint of poor sleep quality or quantity despite adequate time for sleep, resulting in daytime fatigue, irritability, and decreased concentration. Insomnia is classified as idiopathic or comorbid. Comorbid insomnias are associated with psychiatric disorders, medical disorders, substance abuse, and specific sleep disorders. Idiopathic insomnia is essentially a diagnosis of exclusion. A wide array of terminology exists for defining the duration of insomnia symptoms, which may add to the confusion regarding insomnia classification. Acute insomnia refers to sleep problems lasting from one night to a few weeks, whereas chronic insomnia refers to sleep problems lasting at least three nights weekly for at least one month. Diagnostic tools for identifying insomnia are multifactorial. Nonpharmacologic interventions for insomnia include sleep-hygiene education, stimulus-control therapy, relaxation therapy, and sleep-restriction therapy. The most effective pharmacologic therapies for insomnia are benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine-receptor agonists, melatonin-receptor agonists, and antidepressants. Choice of a specific agent should be based on patient-specific factors, including age, proposed length of treatment, primary sleep complaint, history of drug or alcohol abuse, and cost. Many treatment options are available for patients with insomnia. Behavioral therapies should be initiated as first-line treatment in most patients. For patients who require the addition of pharmacologic therapy, the drugs with the most evidence for benefit include benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine-receptor agonists, melatonin-receptor agonists, and antidepressants. Selection of a specific agent must take into account numerous patient-specific factors.

  17. Multiple Myeloma: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    PubMed

    Michels, Thomas C; Petersen, Keith E

    2017-03-15

    Multiple myeloma accounts for 1.6% of all cancer cases and approximately 10% of hematologic malignancies in the United States. In 2015, an estimated 28,850 new cases of multiple myeloma were diagnosed in the United States, and the disease caused more than 11,000 deaths. Patients older than 65 years account for 85% of those diagnosed with multiple myeloma, and there is a twofold increased incidence in blacks compared with whites. Patients may present with bone pain or with symptoms that are often nonspecific, such as nausea, vomiting, malaise, weakness, recurrent infections, and weight loss. Many patients present with only laboratory abnormalities, such as anemia, renal disease, and elevated protein levels. The diagnosis of multiple myeloma requires increased numbers of immature, abnormal, or atypical plasma cells in the bone marrow; a monoclonal protein in the serum or urine; or characteristic bone lesions. The diagnostic workup in a patient with suspected multiple myeloma should include a complete blood count with differential; serum chemistries; creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase, and beta2-microglobulin tests; immunoglobulin studies; skeletal survey; and bone marrow evaluation. Initiation of chemotherapy and assessment of eligibility for autologous stem cell transplantation require referral to an oncologist. Most patients with multiple myeloma will receive thromboprophylaxis, bisphosphonate therapy, and prophylaxis against infection at some point in their treatment. Family physicians play a role in assessing these patients for infection, adverse treatment effects, and renal and thrombotic complications, and in managing issues related to pain, nutrition, and psychosocial support.

  18. Endovascular Treatment of Giant Serpentine Aneurysm of the Middle Cerebral Artery

    PubMed Central

    Jeong, Young Ha; Koo, Youn Moo; Choi, Jong Wook; Whang, Kum; Hu, Chul; Cho, Sung Min

    2016-01-01

    Giant serpentine aneurysms are uncommon types of aneurysmal disease and have angiographically authentic features. We report a case of a 44-year-old male with headache and seizure. He presented a giant serpentine aneurysm arising from the middle cerebral artery (MCA). It was a large intracranial aneurysm thrombosed as a mass-like lesion while it maintained its outflow drainage into the distal MCA branches. The balloon occlusion test (BOT) was performed to test the tolerance of temporary collateral circulation. Following routine cerebral angiography, we performed an endovascular embolization on the proximal artery of MCA. He was discharged from the hospital with alert mental status and mild Gerstmann syndrome. The short-term follow-up imaging studies showed the decreased mass effect, and the patient presented an improved Gerstmann syndrome. After a careful evaluation of BOT, an endovascular embolization can be one of the powerful therapeutic instruments for giant serpentine aneurysm. PMID:27847772

  19. Endovascular Treatment of a Huge Hepatic Artery Aneurysm by Coil Embolization Method: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Hemmati, Hossein; Karimian, Mehdi; Moradi, Habibollah; Farid Marandi, Kambiz; Haghdoost, Afrooz

    2015-07-01

    Hepatic artery aneurysms are rare but potentially life threatening. We describe a novel case of a successful endovascular coil embolization of a huge hepatic artery aneurysm. A 67-year-old woman presented with recent abdominal pain that had begun from 2 weeks before referring to our hospital. Sonographic and computerized tomographic (CT) findings revealed a huge hepatic artery aneurysm with 95 mm × 83 mm diameter. The patient underwent an endovascular technique. In aortic angiography, the celiac artery orifice and superior mesenteric artery were so narrow, so sonography was used in order to determine the exact position of the catheter in the celiac artery orifice. The aneurysm was thrombosed using coil embolization. Pulsation of the aneurysm immediately disappeared. Huge hepatic artery aneurysm can be safely treated using coil embolization.

  20. Endovascular Treatment of Vertebral Artery Dissecting Aneurysms That Cause Subarachnoid Hemorrhage : Consideration of Therapeutic Approaches Relevant to the Angioarchitecture

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Seung Hoon; Lee, Seung Hwan; Koh, Jun Seok

    2015-01-01

    Objective Intracranial ruptured vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms (VADAns) are associated with high morbidity and mortality when left untreated due to the high likelihood of rebleeding. The present study aimed to establish an endovascular therapeutic strategy that focuses specifically on the angioarchitecture of ruptured VADAns. Methods Twenty-three patients with ruptured VADAn received endovascular treatment (EVT) over 7 years. The patient group included 14 women (60.9%) and 9 men (39.1%) between the ages of 39 and 72 years (mean age 54.2 years). Clinical data and radiologic findings were retrospectively analyzed. Results Four patients had aneurysms on the dominant vertebral artery. Fourteen (61%) aneurysms were located distal to the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). Six (26%) patients had an extracranial origin of the PICA on the ruptured VA, and 2 patients (9%) had bilateral VADAns. Eighteen patients (78%) were treated with internal coil trapping. Two patients (9%) required an adjunctive bypass procedure. Seven patients (30%) required stent-supported endovascular procedures. Two patients experienced intra-procedural rupture during EVT, one of which was associated with a focal medullary infarction. Two patients (9%) exhibited recanalization of the VADAn during follow-up, which required additional coiling. No recurrent hemorrhage was observed during the follow-up period. Conclusion EVT of ruptured VADAns based on angioarchitecture is a feasible and effective armamentarium to prevent fatal hemorrhage recurrence with an acceptable low risk of procedural complications. Clinical outcomes depend mainly on the pre-procedural clinical state of the patient. Radiologic follow-up is necessary to prevent hemorrhage recurrence after EVT. PMID:26539258

  1. Initial experience with transluminally placed endovascular grafts for the treatment of complex vascular lesions.

    PubMed Central

    Marin, M L; Veith, F J; Cynamon, J; Sanchez, L A; Lyon, R T; Levine, B A; Bakal, C W; Suggs, W D; Wengerter, K R; Rivers, S P

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Complex arterial occlusive, traumatic, and aneurysmal lesions may be difficult or impossible to treat successfully by standard surgical techniques when severe medical or surgical comorbidities exist. The authors describe a single center's experience over a 2 1/2-year period with 96 endovascular graft procedures performed to treat 100 arterial lesions in 92 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients had 36 large aortic and/or peripheral artery aneurysms, 48 had 53 multilevel limb-threatening aortoiliac and/or femoropopliteal occlusive lesions, and 11 had traumatic arterial injuries (false aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas). Endovascular grafts were placed through remote arteriotomies under local (16[17%]), epidural (42[43%]), or general (38[40%]) anesthesia. RESULTS: Technical and clinical successes were achieved in 91% of the patients with aneurysms, 91% with occlusive lesions, and 100% with traumatic arterial lesions. These patients and grafts have been followed from 1 to 30 months (mean, 13 months). The primary and secondary patency rates at 18 months for aortoiliac occlusions were 77% and 95%, respectively. The 18-month limb salvage rate was 98%. Immediately after aortic aneurysm exclusion, a total of 6 (33%) perigraft channels were detected; 3 of these closed within 8 weeks. Endovascular stented graft procedures were associated with a 10% major and a 14% minor complication rate. The overall 30-day mortality rate for this entire series was 6%. CONCLUSIONS: This initial experience with endovascular graft repair of complex arterial lesions justifies further use and careful evaluation of this technique for major arterial reconstruction. Images Figure 1. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 5. Figure 6. Figure 7. Figure 8. Figure 9. Figure 11. PMID:7574926

  2. Endovascular Treatment in an Unusual Case of Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Chavan, Rajendra Gajanan; Kamble, Ravindra Bhimrao; Bonde, Vivek

    2014-01-01

    Summary We describe a unique and unusual case of post-traumatic direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) with occluded proximal internal carotid artery and CCF filling from the contralateral side with retrograde cortical venous reflux. A male patient presented with intracranial haemorrhage due to cortical venous reflux. He was treated endovascularly through a contralateral approach by coiling the cavernous sinus and occluding the distal internal carotid artery at the fistulous site with glue. PMID:24750711

  3. Endovascular Treatment of Common Iliac Occlusion in the Presence of Persistent Sciatic Artery

    SciTech Connect

    Mofidi, R. Macaskill, E. J.; Griffiths, G. D.; Chakraverty, S.

    2008-07-15

    Persistent sciatic artery is a rare congenital anomaly. It is associated with increased incidence of aneurysmal dilatation, thrombosis, distal embolization, and atherosclerotic change. We describe the case of a patient with persistent sciatic artery who presented with a critically ischemic left leg as a result of an occluded left common iliac artery, which was treated by angioplasty and stenting, and discuss the endovascular iliac recanalization in the presence of a persistent sciatic artery.

  4. Endovascular repair versus open surgery in patients in the treatment of the ruptured of aneurysms abdominal.

    PubMed

    Novo Martínez, Gloria María; Ballesteros Pomar, Marta; Menéndez Sánchez, Elena; Santos Alcántara, Eliezer; Rodríguez Fernández, Inés; Zorita Calvo, Andrés Manuel

    2017-01-01

    Rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm is still a difficult challenge for the vascular surgeon due to the high perioperative mortality. The aim of our study is to describe the characteristics of the population as well as to compare morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing open surgery or endovascular repair in our center. Database with 82 rAAA between January 2002-December 2014, studying two cohorts, open surgery and endovascular repair. Epidemiologic, clinical, surgical techniques, perioperative mortality and complications are analyzed. 82 rAAA cases were operated (men: 80, women: 2). Mean age 72±9.6 years. 76.8% (63 cases) was performed by open surgery. smokers 59, 7%, alcoholism 19.5%, DM 10.9%, AHT: 53.6%, dyslipidemia 30.5%. The most frequent clinical presentation was abdominal pain with lumbar irradiation: 50 cases (20.7% associating syncope). Overall hospital mortality was 58.5%. Hemodynamic shock prior to intervention was associated with increased mortality (p <.001). Anemia, leukocytosis, aneurysm size, sex and age did not show a statistically significant difference with respect to mortality (p>.05). The presence of iliac aneurysms was associated with increased mortality (p <.0045). Perioperative mortality in endovascular repair was 42%, and in open surgery was 63.5% (p>.05). Hospital stay was lower in the endovascular group (p=.3859). Hemodynamic shock and the presence of concomitant iliac aneurysms have a statistically significant association with perioperative mortality in both groups. We found clinically significant differences in mortality, complications and hospital stay when comparing both groups with better results for EVAR, without statistically significant differences. Copyright © 2016 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Sexual dysfunction in 2013: Advances in epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment

    PubMed Central

    Lee, King Chien Joe; Fahmy, Nader; Brock, Gerald B.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To provide a contemporary review of the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of premature ejaculation (PE) and erectile dysfunction (ED). Methods We searched for English-language articles published in the past 12 months using the PubMed database. Relevant articles on the subjects of sexual dysfunction, ED and PE were selected for review. Conclusions Recent studies on male sexual dysfunction have provided new therapeutic possibilities. Tramadol, a well-used analgesic, has a new role in the treatment of PE. Super-selective targeting of dorsal penile nerves by surgery or cryoablative technologies might become a viable treatment option for refractory PE in the future. The role of ED as a harbinger of important comorbidities allows for the early detection and intervention of these conditions, which can optimise therapeutic outcomes. The long-term effect of chronic phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors on endothelial dysfunction, the angiogenic potential of low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy, and further advances in drug-eluting endovascular stents might in future allow clinicians to treat ED more definitively. PMID:26558082

  6. Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Detection and Follow-Up of an Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aorto-Caval Fistula and Endovascular Treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Clevert, D.-A. Stickel, M.; Flach, P.; Strautz, T.; Horng, A.; Jauch, K. W.; Reiser, M.

    2007-06-15

    An aorto-caval fistula is a rare complication of a symptomatic or ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm having a frequency of 3-6%. Patients typically present with clinical signs of diffuse abdominal pain associated with increasing venous congestion and tachycardia, rapid cardiopulmonary decompensation with acute dyspnea, and an audible machinerylike bruit. Perioperative mortality is high, ranging from 20% to 60%. We report a case of an endovascular aortic repair in a patient with a symptomatic infrarenal aortic aneurysm and an aorto-caval fistula. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound seems to be a promising new diagnostic option for the diagnosis and preoperative treatment planning for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms with rupture into the inferior vena cava. It is in addition to computed tomography angiography. It might allow a more rapid and noninvasive diagnosis, especially for patients in intensive care because of its bedside availability. Because the examination is dynamic, additional information about blood flow between the aorta and inferior cava vein can be evaluated.

  7. Diagnosis and Treatment of Lower Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis: Korean Practice Guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Min, Seung-Kee; Kim, Young Hwan; Joh, Jin Hyun; Kang, Jin Mo; Park, Ui Jun; Kim, Hyung-Kee; Chang, Jeong-Hwan; Park, Sang Jun; Kim, Jang Yong; Bae, Jae Ik; Choi, Sun Young; Kim, Chang Won; Park, Sung Il; Yim, Nam Yeol; Jeon, Yong Sun; Yoon, Hyun-Ki; Park, Ki Hyuk

    2016-01-01

    Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis is a serious medical condition that can result in death or major disability due to pulmonary embolism or post-thrombotic syndrome. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment are required to improve symptoms and salvage the affected limb. Early thrombus clearance rapidly resolves symptoms related to venous obstruction, restores valve function and reduces the incidence of post-thrombotic syndrome. Recently, endovascular treatment has been established as a standard method for early thrombus removal. However, there are a variety of views regarding the indications and procedures among medical institutions and operators. Therefore, we intend to provide evidence-based guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis by multidisciplinary consensus. These guidelines are the result of a close collaboration between interventional radiologists and vascular surgeons. The goals of these guidelines are to improve treatment, to serve as a guide to the clinician, and consequently to contribute to public health care. PMID:27699156

  8. Weekend effect in endovascular stroke treatment: do treatment decisions, procedural times, and outcome depend on time of admission?

    PubMed

    Nikoubashman, Omid; Probst, Thomas; Schürmann, Kolja; Othman, Ahmed E; Matz, Oliver; Brockmann, Marc-Alexander; Müller, Marguerite; Wiesmann, Martin; Reich, Arno

    2017-04-01

    Epidemiologic studies identified a 'weekend effect' or 'out-of-hours effect', which implies that procedural and clinical outcomes of patients with stroke, who are admitted out-of-hours, are less favorable than for patients admitted during working-hours. To determine (1) whether our procedural times and clinical outcome were affected by an out-of-hours effect and (2) whether the decision in favor of, or against, endovascular stroke treatment (EST) depends on the time of admission. Between February 2010 and January 2015, 6412 consecutive patients presenting with symptoms of acute ischemic stroke were evaluated for EST eligibility according to established local protocols and generally accepted consensus criteria, and dichotomized into working-hours and out-of-hours cohorts according to admission times. Within both groups, patients given EST were identified and the rate of treatment decision, procedural times, and clinical outcome were compared and analyzed. Clinical and radiological features of patients admitted in working-hours and out-of-hours did not differ significantly. Procedural times and clinical outcome were not affected by an out-of-hours effect (p≥0.054). 221/240 (92.1%) out-of-hours patients and 154/166 (92.8%) working-hours patients who were eligible for EST were transferred to the angiography suite for EST (p=0.798). The rationale not to treat patients who were eligible for EST did not differ between working-hours and out-of-hours admission (p=0.756). It is possible to produce competitive procedural times regardless of the time of admission and to prevent a treatment decision bias when standard operating procedures are applied consistently. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  9. Neurological morbidity and mortality associated with the endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations before and during the Onyx era.

    PubMed

    Crowley, R Webster; Ducruet, Andrew F; Kalani, M Yashar S; Kim, Louis J; Albuquerque, Felipe C; McDougall, Cameron G

    2015-06-01

    The widespread implementation of the embolic agent Onyx has changed the endovascular management of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Recent data suggest that outcomes following embolization and resection may have worsened in the Onyx era. It has been hypothesized that there may be increased complications with Onyx embolization and increased surgical aggressiveness in patients treated with Onyx. In this study the authors analyzed their institutional experience with the endovascular treatment of cerebral AVMs prior to and after the introduction of Onyx to determine factors associated with periprocedural neurological morbidity and mortality. A retrospective review was performed of all patients with cerebral AVMs undergoing embolization at the Barrow Neurological Institute from 1995 to 2012. Endovascular treatment of 342 cerebral AVMs was performed over 446 treatment sessions (mean age 37.8 years, range 1-83 years). Clinical presentation included hemorrhage in 47.6%, seizures in 21.9%, headaches in 11.1%, and no symptoms in 10% of cases. The endovascular pretreatment strategy was preoperative in 78.9%, preradiosurgery in 9.1%, palliative in 5.3%, targeted in 4.4%, and curative in 2.3%. The median Spetzler-Martin grade was III. The mean number of arteries embolized was 3.5 (range 0-13 arteries), and the mean number of treatment sessions was 1.3 (range 1-4 sessions). Onyx was used in 105 AVMs (30.7%), and N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) without Onyx was used in 229 AVMs (67%). AVMs treated with Onyx had a higher mean number of arterial pedicles embolized than did NBCA cases (4.3 ± 2.7 vs 3.2 ± 2.4, respectively; p < 0.001) and a greater number of sessions (1.5 ± 0.7 vs 1.2 ± 0.5, respectively; p < 0.05). Unexpected immediate postprocedural permanent neurological deficits were present in 9.6% of AVMs, while transient deficits were present in 1.8%. There was 1 death (0.3%). Spetzler-Martin grade was not associated with differences in outcome, as permanent

  10. Successful Endovascular Treatment of a Left Common Carotid Artery Aneurysm Following Failed Surgery of a Right Common Carotid Artery Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Cil, Barbaros E. Ucar, Ibrahim; Ozsoy, Fatma; Arat, Anil; Yorgancioglu, Cem; Boeke, Erkmen

    2005-04-15

    Aneurysm of the common carotid artery is a rare and serious disease requiring prompt treatment in order to avoid neurologic complications. A 39-year-old man presented with voice impairment and a pulsatile mass at the right side of his neck and was found by color Doppler examination to have bilateral common carotid artery aneurysms of unknown origin. The right-sided large aneurysm was treated with placement of an 8 mm interposition Gore-Tex graft between the right common and internal carotid arteries. The surgical graft thrombosed 7 days after the surgery but the left-sided aneurysm was successfully treated by a Jostent peripheral stent-graft. Color Doppler examination showed a patent stent and no filling of the aneurysm on his first and sixth-month follow-up. Bilateral common carotid artery aneurysm is an exceptionally unusual condition and endovascular treatment of carotid artery aneurysms with covered stents may become an effective treatment alternative for these lesions.

  11. [Diagnosis and treatment of cervicothoracic injuries].

    PubMed

    Tatarinova, E V; Pogodina, A N; Abakumov, M M

    2014-01-01

    It analyzed the diagnosis and treatment results of 123 patients with cervicothoracic injuries for 21 years. The frequency of cervicothoracic injuries among all patients with cervical injuries was 5.7%. Preoperative and postoperative diagnosis included radial and endoscopic methods. The complications rate was 43.6%. The most severe complications were observed in patients with delayed diagnosis of trachea and esophagus injuries.

  12. Delayed endovascular treatment of descending aorta stent graft collapse in a patient treated for post- traumatic aortic rupture: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background We report a case of delayed endovascular correction of graft collapse occurred after emergent Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for traumatic aortic isthmus rupture. Case presentation In 7th post-operative day after emergent TEVAR for traumatic aortic isthmus rupture (Gore TAG® 28-150), a partial collapse of the endoprosthesis at the descending tract occurred, with no signs of visceral ischemia. Considering patient's clinical conditions, the graft collapse wasn't treated at that time. When general conditions allowed reintervention, the patient refused any new treatment, so he was discharged. Four months later the patient complainted for severe gluteal and sural claudication, erectile disfunction and abdominal angina; endovascular correction was performed. At 18 months the graft was still patent. Discussion and Conclusion Graft collapse after TEVAR is a rare event, which should be detected and treated as soon as possible. Delayed correction of this complication can be lethal due to the risk of visceral ischemia and limbs loss. PMID:21609433

  13. [Fascioliasis: diagnosis, epidemiology and treatment].

    PubMed

    Carrada-Bravo, Teodoro

    2003-01-01

    Fascioliasis is a trematode, disease of liver and bile ducts of sheep, cattle, and other ruminants throughout the world that is caused by the fluke, Fasciola hepatica. Human infection has been reported in Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Chile, Peru, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina, the US, Europe, eastern Africa, Japan and Australia. The parasite's miracidium invades one of the various Lymnaea water snail hosts. Infection results from ingestion of encysted metacercariae attached to raw watercress (Nasturtium officinale). Symptoms recorded from human cases included irregular fever, epigastric pain and abdominal tenderness, obstructive jaundice and leucocytosis with eosinophilea up to 60%. Specific diagnosis is based on recovery of the eggs in the patient's stool or from biliary tract drainage. Treatment is with emetine hydrochloride given intramusculary. Bithionol is given orally at a dosage of 30-50 mg/kg but on alternate days from 10 to 15 doses. Praziquantel is probably effective. Preventive measures include education of the public on mode of transmission of life cycle of the parasite, and dipping fresh watercress into boiling water for a few sec, or drying suspected watercress.

  14. Feasibility of the Superselective Test with Propofol for Determining Eloquent Brain Regions in the Endovascular Treatment of Arteriovenous Malformations

    PubMed Central

    Jordán González, José A; Llibre Guerra, Juan Carlos; Prince López, José A.; Vázquez Luna, Frank; Rodríguez Ramos, Raúl Marino; Ugarte Suárez, José Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Summary The superselective test for determining eloquent brain areas, carried out prior to the embolization treatment for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), is a tool contributing to increase the safety of endovascular procedures. Taking into account amobarbital unavailability, it was decided to carry out the present study to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of propofol as an alternative to amobarbital to perform this test. A group of 58 patients were treated in 91 embolization sessions for brain AVMs using endovascular surgery between February 2006 and February 2011. The superselective test was performed prior to embolization with Histoacryl, using the intra-arterial administration of 20 mg propofol through a microcatheter positioned near the AVM nidus. Ten (7.8%) of the 128 superselective tests were positive. Neurological deficits appeared immediately after propofol administration, lasted for one minute and disappeared after five minutes. Only one of the patients showing a negative test result developed neurological deficits after embolization, for 99.2% negative predictive vale. Despite their positive test results, six patients were embolized and five developed post-embolization neurological deficits, for 83.3% positive predictive value. The test showed 83.3% sensitivity and 99.2% specificity. The use of propofol to perform the superselective test during brain AVM embolization is a safe and effective alternative to amobarbital, and may predict the occurrence of post-embolization ischemic complications. PMID:24070081

  15. Endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aneurysm into the inferior vena cava in patient after stent graft placement.

    PubMed

    Juszkat, Robert; Pukacki, Fryderyk; Zarzecka, Anna; Kulesza, Jerzy; Majewski, Wacław

    2009-07-01

    We report the case of a patient who underwent endovascular repair and then reintervention as a result of the presence of a persistent endoleak complicated by an aortocaval fistula. A 76-year-old patient with a history of endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm 2 years earlier had a palpable abdominal mass, high-output cardiac failure, and renal failure. A computed tomographic scan and angiography revealed bending of the right iliac limb, a type I endoleak, and rupture of the aneurysm into the inferior vena cava with aortocaval fistula formation. An iliac extension was positioned in the right external iliac artery. The procedure was finished successfully. Control angiography showed normal flow within the endoprosthesis, and both iliac arteries were without signs of endoleakage and aortocaval fistula. Ectatic common iliac artery may lead to a late distal attachment site endoleak. The application of a stent graft in cases of secondary aortocaval fistula after stent graft repair is a good option, particularly in emergency cases.

  16. Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aneurysm into the Inferior Vena Cava in Patient After Stent Graft Placement

    SciTech Connect

    Juszkat, Robert; Pukacki, Fryderyk; Zarzecka, Anna; Kulesza, Jerzy; Majewski, Waclaw

    2009-07-15

    We report the case of a patient who underwent endovascular repair and then reintervention as a result of the presence of a persistent endoleak complicated by an aortocaval fistula. A 76-year-old patient with a history of endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm 2 years earlier had a palpable abdominal mass, high-output cardiac failure, and renal failure. A computed tomographic scan and angiography revealed bending of the right iliac limb, a type I endoleak, and rupture of the aneurysm into the inferior vena cava with aortocaval fistula formation. An iliac extension was positioned in the right external iliac artery. The procedure was finished successfully. Control angiography showed normal flow within the endoprosthesis, and both iliac arteries were without signs of endoleakage and aortocaval fistula. Ectatic common iliac artery may lead to a late distal attachment site endoleak. The application of a stent graft in cases of secondary aortocaval fistula after stent graft repair is a good option, particularly in emergency cases.

  17. Endovascular management of pediatric aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Saleh, E; Dawson, R C

    2011-10-31

    Although the general principles of endovascular aneurysm treatment in adults hold true in children, these young patients pose unique challenges: small anatomy, longer life expectancy, associated conditions and morphological characteristics of the aneurysms. Few publications in the literature address the role of endovascular treatment for pediatric aneurysms; including series by Agid et al. (2005) (1) revisiting the Toronto series, Lasjaunias et al. (2005) (2) updating the Bicêtre series and Sanai et al (2006) (8) presenting the San Francisco series. In their conclusions, the authors of the former two publications favored endovascular treatment over microsurgery. On the other hand, the authors of the latter publication favored microsurgery over endovascular treatment. The authors reviewed Louisiana State University experience regarding endovascular treatment of pediatric aneurysms focusing on outcomes. A retrospective chart review was performed of children under 18, who underwent endovascular treatment for intracranial aneurysms between 2000 and 2009 in our institution. Twelve patients harboring seventeen aneurysms were identified. The patients ranged in age from seventeen months to seventeen years. Complete aneurysm obliteration following endovascular treatment was around 95%. Our results showed unique features for pediatric aneurysms when compared to adult aneurysms. No intra operative mortality was recorded. One aneurysm recurred (5% recurrence rate among total number of aneurysms). In this case, six months after treatment, a control angiogram showed that the coils were displaced toward the dome of the aneurysm. This recurrence occurred before the introduction of the hydro coils. One patient died during the post intervention period (8% occurrence rate among total number of patients). Outcomes were better in anterior circulation aneurysms than in posterior circulation lesions. We had no mortality, morbidity or disability in the anterior circulation aneurysm group

  18. Single-stage endovascular treatment in patients with severe extracranial large vessel stenosis and concomitant ipsilateral unruptured intracranial aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Kaçar, Emre; Nas, Ömer Fatih; Erdoğan, Cüneyt; Hakyemez, Bahattin

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of single-stage endovascular treatment in patients with severe extracranial large vessel stenosis and concomitant ipsilateral unruptured intracranial aneurysm. METHODS Hospital database was screened for patients who underwent single-stage endovascular treatment between February 2008 and June 2013 and seven patients were identified. The procedures included unilateral carotid artery stenting (CAS) (n=4), bilateral CAS (n=2), and proximal left subclavian artery stenting (n=1) along with ipsilateral intracranial aneurysm treatment (n=7). The mean internal carotid artery stenosis was 81.6% (range, 70%–95%), and the subclavian artery stenosis was 90%. All aneurysms were unruptured. The mean aneurysm diameter was 7.7 mm (range, 5–13 mm). The aneurysms were ipsilateral to the internal carotid artery stenosis (internal carotid artery aneurysm) in five patients, and in the anterior communicating artery in one patient. The patient with subclavian artery stenosis had a fenestration aneurysm in the proximal basilar artery. Stenting of the extracranial large vessel stenosis was performed before aneurysm treatment in all patients. In two patients who underwent bilateral CAS, the contralateral carotid artery stenosis, which had no aneurysm distally, was treated initially. RESULTS There were no procedure-related complications or technical failure. The mean clinical follow-up period was 18 months (range, 9–34 months). One patient who underwent unilateral CAS experienced contralateral transient ischemic attack during the clinical follow-up. There was no restenosis on six-month follow-up angiograms, and all aneurysms were adequately occluded. CONCLUSION A single-stage procedure appears to be feasible for treatment of patients with severe extracranial large vessel stenosis and concomitant ipsilateral intracranial aneurysm. PMID:26359875

  19. Clinical and Neuropsychological Outcome After Microsurgical and Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured and Unruptured Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms: A Single-Enter Experience.

    PubMed

    Pietrantonio, Andrea; Trungu, Sokol; Raco, Antonino

    2017-01-01

    Anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms have a high risk of rupture. Morbidity and mortality following rupture are higher than at other sites. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical and neuropsychological outcomes of patients treated for ruptured and unruptured ACoA aneurysms: a comparison between surgical and endovascular treatment was performed. All patients surgically or endovascularly treated for ruptured and unruptured ACoA aneurysms at our institution between January 2011 and December 2013 (n=50) were retrospectively reviewed. The Glasgow outcome score and the following neuropsychological tests were used to define the clinical and neuropsychological outcomes, respectively: The Stroop color and word test and the Stroop interference score digit span forward and backward test, phonemic and semantic verbal fluency tests, Rey auditory verbal learning test, comprehensive trail making test, and the Beck Depression Inventory. 28 patients (56 %) underwent surgical treatment and 22 (44 %) endovascular coiling; there were 31 (63 %) ruptured and 19 (37 %) unruptured aneurysms. At 1 year follow-up for ruptured aneurysms, clinical outcome was better in the endovascular group; neuropsychological assessment showed a greater deterioration only in the memory domain in the patients treated surgically for ruptured aneurysms. The presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage is more important than the type of treatment in determining the clinical and neuropsychological outcomes of ACoA treatment; these outcomes can be improved by adequate rehabilitation protocols.

  20. Endovascular treatment of chronic cerebro spinal venous insufficiency in patients with multiple sclerosis modifies circulating markers of endothelial dysfunction and coagulation activation: a prospective study.

    PubMed

    Napolitano, Mariasanta; Bruno, Aldo; Mastrangelo, Diego; De Vizia, Marcella; Bernardo, Benedetto; Rosa, Buonagura; De Lucia, Domenico

    2014-10-01

    We performed a monocentric observational prospective study to evaluate coagulation activation and endothelial dysfunction parameters in patients with multiple sclerosis undergoing endovascular treatment for cerebro-spinal-venous insufficiency. Between February 2011 and July 2012, 144 endovascular procedures in 110 patients with multiple sclerosis and chronical cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency were performed and they were prospectively analyzed. Each patient was included in the study according to previously published criteria, assessed by the investigators before enrollment. Endothelial dysfunction and coagulation activation parameters were determined before the procedure and during follow-up at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 months after treatment, respectively. After the endovascular procedure, patients were treated with standard therapies, with the addition of mesoglycan. Fifty-five percent of patients experienced a favorable outcome of multiple sclerosis within 1 month after treatment, 25% regressed in the following 3 months, 24.9% did not experience any benefit. In only 0.1% patients, acute recurrence was observed and it was treated with high-dose immunosuppressive therapy. No major complications were observed. Coagulation activation and endothelial dysfunction parameters were shown to be reduced at 1 month and stable up to 12-month follow-up, and they were furthermore associated with a good clinical outcome. Endovascular procedures performed by a qualified staff are well tolerated; they can be associated with other currently adopted treatments. Correlations between inflammation, coagulation activation and neurodegenerative disorders are here supported by the observed variations in plasma levels of markers of coagulation activation and endothelial dysfunction.

  1. Endovascular Therapy is Effective Treatment for Focal Stenoses in Failing Infrapopliteal Vein Grafts

    PubMed Central

    Westin, Gregory G.; Armstrong, Ehrin J.; Javed, Usman; Balwanz, Christopher R.; Saeed, Haseeb; Pevec, William C.; Laird, John R.; Dawson, David L.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular therapy for maintaining patency and preserving limbs among patients with failing infrapopliteal bypass grafts. Methods We gathered data from a registry of catheter-based procedures for peripheral artery disease. Of 1554 arteriograms performed from 2006 to 2012, 30 patients had interventions for failing bypass vein grafts to infrapopliteal target vessels. The first intervention for each patient was used in this analysis. Duplex ultrasonography was used within 30 days after intervention and subsequently at 3-6 month intervals for graft surveillance. Results Interventions were performed for duplex ultrasonography surveillance findings in 21 patients and for symptoms of persistent or recurrent critical limb ischemia in 9 patients. Procedural techniques included cutting balloon angioplasty (83%), conventional balloon angioplasty (7%), and stent placement (10%). Procedural success was achieved in all cases. There were no procedure-related complications, amputations, or deaths within 30 days. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, 37% were free from graft restenosis at 12 months and 31% were at 24 months. Receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that a lesion length of 1.75 cm best predicted freedom from restenosis (C statistic: 0.74). Residual stenosis (P=0.03), patency without reintervention (P=0.01), and assisted patency with secondary intervention (P=0.02) rates were superior for short lesions compared to long lesions. The cohort had acceptable rates of adverse clinical outcomes, with 96% of patients free from amputation at both 12 and 24 months; clinical outcomes were also better in patients with short lesions. Conclusions In this single-center experience with endovascular therapies to treat failing infrapopliteal bypass grafts, rates of limb preservation were high, but the majority of patients developed graft restenosis within 12 months. Grafts with longer stenoses fared poorly by comparison. These data suggest that

  2. Aortic aneurysm repair - endovascular

    MedlinePlus

    ... Endovascular aneurysm repair - aorta; AAA repair - endovascular; Repair - aortic aneurysm - endovascular ... leaking or bleeding. You may have an abdominal aortic aneurysm that is not causing any symptoms or problems. ...

  3. Sac Hygroma After Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Successful Treatment with Endograft Relining

    SciTech Connect

    Ryu, Robert K. Palestrant, Sarah; Ryu, Jessica; Trachtenberg, Jeffrey

    2007-06-15

    Aneurysm sac expansion following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is typically associated with endoleaks that can be readily diagnosed on computed tomographic angiography (CTA), ultrasound, or catheter-directed arteriography. Sac hygromas are a cause of sac expansion without apparent endoleak and are presumed to be a result of ultrafiltration of serum manifested by accumulation of fibrinous, gelatinous material within the aneurysm sac following EVAR. Although there are no reported associated ruptures, sac expansion is nevertheless disconcerting and intervention is presumably indicated. We report a case of an expanding aneurysm after EVAR secondary to sac hygroma that was successfully treated with relining of the existing, original endograft.

  4. Endovascular Treatment of Multiple HIV-related Aneurysms Using Multilayer Stents

    SciTech Connect

    Euringer, Wulf; Suedkamp, Michael; Rylski, Bartosz; Blanke, Philipp

    2012-08-15

    Complex peripheral aneurysm anatomy with major artery branches in the immediate vicinity and mycotic aneurysm often impede endovascular management using covered stent grafts. The Cardiatis Multilayer Stent (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium) is a recently approved innovative stent system for peripheral aneurysm management. Its multilayer design aims at decreasing mean velocity and vorticity within the aneurysm sac to cause thrombus formation while maintaining patency of branching vessels due to laminar flow. We present a case of bilateral subclavian artery aneurysms and perivisceral aortic aneurysms in an AIDS patient successfully treated with the Cardiatis Multilayer Stent at 18 months' follow-up.

  5. [The treatment of aorto-duodenal fistula with the use of the endovascular prosthesis].

    PubMed

    Milnerowicz, Artur; Milnerowicz, Aleksandra; Pawłowskii, Stanisław; Skóra, Jan; Pupka, Artur

    2012-01-01

    One of the most common and serious complications after implantation of aortic or aorto-femoral prosthesis are aortoduodenal fistula. Secondary aorto-duodenal fistula is the most commonly observed form of a fistula between the abdominal aorta and gastrointestinal tract. 76 years old male with infected vascular prosthesis was admitted to Clinic with syndroms of active bleeding from aorto-duodenal fistula. Because of general condition, patient was qualified to endovascular procedure, and a new stentgraft was implanted. After the procedure patient was treated with antibiotic compatible with inoculation from blood and he did not gave agreement for further surgical operations. He lived next 28 months and died because of lung cancer.

  6. Urgent endovascular treatment of proximal right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm using kissing technique.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Mi; Yuan, Ye; Hu, Yali; Zhao, Yi; Liu, Hui; Lu, Huijun

    2015-08-01

    A 50-year old man, sustained a blunt force injury to the chest during an engineering accident, underwent urgent endovascular angioplasty to treat proximal right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm (RSAP) with a hostile neck in our hospital. Six-month follow-up showed that there was sufficient right carotid artery and right subclavian artery infusion, and the kissing stents were patent. The results show the safety and efficacy of kissing stent technique for RSAP in emergency patients who has no sufficient proximal fixation zone. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Advances in the Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment of Bow Hunter's Syndrome: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Duan, Guangxin; Xu, Jiaping; Shi, Jijun; Cao, Yongjun

    2016-01-01

    Bow hunter's syndrome (BHS), also known as rotational vertebral artery (VA) occlusion syndrome, is a rare yet treatable type of symptomatic vertebrobasilar insufficiency resulting from mechanical occlusion or stenosis of the VA during head and neck rotation or extension. The symptoms of BHS range from transient vertigo to posterior circulation stroke. The underlying pathology is dynamic stenosis or compression of the VA by abnormal bony structures with neck rotation or extension in many cases, such as osteophyte, disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, tendinous bands or tumors. Imaging approaches, such as Doppler sonography, computed tomography and angiography, as well as magnetic resonance imaging and angiography, are widely used in the diagnosis and evaluation of this syndrome. Digital subtraction angiography with head rotation remains the gold standard diagnostic method. Conservative management, surgery and endovascular procedures are the three major treatment methods for BHS, whereas some symptomatic patients may need operative treatment including surgery and endovascular procedures when conservative management is not adequate. PMID:27610119

  8. Endovascular stroke treatment now and then-procedural and clinical effectiveness and safety of different mechanical thrombectomy techniques over time.

    PubMed

    von Gadow, Niels; Nikoubashman, Omid; Freiherr, Jessica; Block, Frank; Reich, Arno; Fesl, Gunther; Wiesmann, Martin

    2017-02-01

    The most essential development in endovascular stroke treatment (EST) was the shift from intra-arterial thrombolysis to endovascular thrombectomy with dedicated thrombectomy devices, most notably the introduction of stent-retrievers. We evaluated procedural and clinical effectiveness and safety of different EST techniques over time. We retrospectively analyzed EST cases that were treated by the same interventionalist before (n=36) and after (n=50) stent-retrievers were established as the treatment device of first choice. EST techniques in the first cohort comprised intra-arterial thrombolysis (n=24), manual thrombus aspiration (n=15), the use of the Penumbra thrombectomy system (n=13) and the Phenox clot retriever (n=3), intracranial stenting (n=10), and EST with stent-retrievers as a salvage procedure (n=11). In the second cohort, EST with stent-retrievers was the treatment option of first choice (n=47). Intra-arterial thrombolysis (n=15) and stenting of the occluded vessel (n=1) were performed, whenever EST with stent-retrievers failed. In both cohorts, revascularization rates (TICI ≥2b) were high (91.7% and 86.0%, respectively). A significantly lower number of interventional techniques per case were required in the second cohort (mean ± SD, 1.4±0.5 vs. 2.1±0.9, P<0.001). Recanalization was achieved almost twice as fast in the second cohort (85 vs. 163 minutes on average, P<0.001). The rate of patients achieving good functional outcome (mRS ≤2) was higher in the second cohort (40.0% vs. 22.2%, P=0.083). Our findings imply that when stent-retrievers were established as first-line the treatment device a significantly lower number of interventional techniques per case were required and recanalization was achieved almost twice as fast.

  9. Endovascular stroke treatment now and then—procedural and clinical effectiveness and safety of different mechanical thrombectomy techniques over time

    PubMed Central

    von Gadow, Niels; Freiherr, Jessica; Block, Frank; Reich, Arno; Fesl, Gunther; Wiesmann, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Background The most essential development in endovascular stroke treatment (EST) was the shift from intra-arterial thrombolysis to endovascular thrombectomy with dedicated thrombectomy devices, most notably the introduction of stent-retrievers. We evaluated procedural and clinical effectiveness and safety of different EST techniques over time. Methods We retrospectively analyzed EST cases that were treated by the same interventionalist before (n=36) and after (n=50) stent-retrievers were established as the treatment device of first choice. EST techniques in the first cohort comprised intra-arterial thrombolysis (n=24), manual thrombus aspiration (n=15), the use of the Penumbra thrombectomy system (n=13) and the Phenox clot retriever (n=3), intracranial stenting (n=10), and EST with stent-retrievers as a salvage procedure (n=11). In the second cohort, EST with stent-retrievers was the treatment option of first choice (n=47). Intra-arterial thrombolysis (n=15) and stenting of the occluded vessel (n=1) were performed, whenever EST with stent-retrievers failed. Results In both cohorts, revascularization rates (TICI ≥2b) were high (91.7% and 86.0%, respectively). A significantly lower number of interventional techniques per case were required in the second cohort (mean ± SD, 1.4±0.5 vs. 2.1±0.9, P<0.001). Recanalization was achieved almost twice as fast in the second cohort (85 vs. 163 minutes on average, P<0.001). The rate of patients achieving good functional outcome (mRS ≤2) was higher in the second cohort (40.0% vs. 22.2%, P=0.083). Conclusions Our findings imply that when stent-retrievers were established as first-line the treatment device a significantly lower number of interventional techniques per case were required and recanalization was achieved almost twice as fast. PMID:28275555

  10. Pneumococcal Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... Risk Factors Diagnosis & Management Prevention For Laboratorians Drug Resistance Surveillance & Reporting Global Pneumococcal Disease and Vaccine Resources Audio/Video Products Digital Materials Print Materials Publications Programs Related Links Global Pneumococcal ...

  11. Preliminary Experience with the GORE(®) EXCLUDER(®) Iliac Branch Endoprosthesis for Common Iliac Aneurysm Endovascular Treatment.

    PubMed

    Millon, Antoine; Della Schiava, Nellie; Arsicot, Matthieu; De Lambert, Alberic; Feugier, Patrick; Magne, Jean Luc; Lermusiaux, Patrick

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the safety and the short-term results of endovascular treatment of common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysms using the new GORE EXCLUDER iliac branch endoprosthesis (IBE) device. The study is a retrospective with prospective follow-up nonrandomized, single-arm evaluation. Patients with a CIA aneurysm (diameter >30 mm) extending to the iliac bifurcation underwent endovascular treatment with the Gore IBE. Anatomic and procedural data were collected. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) was performed within the 30 days after the procedure and every 6 month. Thirty-day and at least 6-months outcomes were investigated. From February 2014 to December 2014, 10 male patients with aneurysmal CIA (mean age 75 years old) underwent consecutive endovascular treatment with the Gore IBE. The CIA aneurysm (mean diameter 43.2 mm, range 32-49) treated with the Gore IBE was associated with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in 5 patients. One patient had a previous AAA open repair. CIA aneurysm was bilateral in 5 patients. Preliminary procedure of internal iliac artery embolization was performed in 3 patients. Technical success rate of the Gore IBE implantation was 100% with a median fluoroscopy time of 35 min (range 12-64, ±16) and median contrast load of 150 mL (range 100-250, ±45). No perioperative complications were observed. Median length of stay was 4 days (range 3-7, ±2). One aortic type Ia endoleak was observed on the postoperative CT scan requiring an aortic extension at day 3. Branch patency was observed in all 10 patients at 1 month and 9 patients at 6 month. All CIA aneurysms were excluded without type Ib or type III endoleak. The technical success and short-term results demonstrate encouraging results and clinical benefits of the new GORE EXCLUDER IBE. A longer follow-up is needed to assess midterm and long-term results. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Endovascular Treatment of Active Splenic Bleeding After Colonoscopy: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect

    Corcillo, Antonella; Aellen, Steve Zingg, Tobias; Bize, Pierre; Demartines, Nicolas; Denys, Alban

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: Colonoscopy is reported to be a safe procedure that is routinely performed for the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal diseases. Splenic rupture is considered to be a rare complication with high mortality and morbidity that requires immediate diagnosis and management. Nonoperative management (NOM), surgical treatment (ST), and, more recently, proximal splenic artery embolization (PSAE) have been proposed as treatment options. The goal of this study was to assess whether PSAE is safe even in high-grade ruptures. Methods: We report two rare cases of post colonoscopy splenic rupture. A systematic review of the literature from 2002 to 2010 (first reported case of PSAE) was performed and the three types of treatment compared. Results: All patients reviewed (77 of 77) presented with intraperitoneal hemorrhage due to isolated splenic trauma. Splenic rupture was high-grade in most patients when grading was possible. Six of 77 patients (7.8 %) were treated with PSAE, including the 2 cases reported herein. Fifty-seven patients (74 %) underwent ST. NOM was attempted first in 25 patients with a high failure rate (11 of 25 [44 %]) and requiring a salvage procedure, such as PSAE or ST. Previous surgery (31 of 59 patients), adhesions (10 of 13), diagnostic colonoscopies (49 of 71), previous biopsies or polypectomies (31 of 57) and female sex (56 of 77) were identified as risk factors. In contrast, splenomegaly (0 of 77 patients), medications that increase the risk of bleeding (13 of 30) and difficult colonoscopies (16 of 51) were not identified as risk factors. PSAE was safe and effective even in elderly patients with comorbidities and those taking medications that increase the risk of bleeding, and the length of the hospital stay was similar to that after ST. Conclusion: We propose a treatment algorithm based on clinical and radiological criteria. Because of the high failure rate after NOM, PSAE should be the treatment of choice to manage grade I through IV splenic

  13. Predictors of Neurological Deficit after Endovascular Treatment of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations and Functional Repercussions in Prospective Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Jordan, Jose; Llibre, Juan Carlos; Vazquez, Frank

    2014-01-01

    Summary Endovascular therapy is a well-established approach to the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The objective of this study was to determine the predictive factors of neurological deficit following endovascular procedures. Seventy-one patients with cerebral AVMs who underwent 147 embolization sessions from 2006 to 2011 were followed up prospectively (average 31.1 ± 17.5 months). Functional neurological condition was documented by means of the modified Rankin scale. Factors found to be predictors of neurological deficit were the partial obstruction of drainage veins (OR = 197.6; IC = 2.76 -1416.0; P = 0.015), a positive result in the Propofol test (OR = 50.2; IC = 6.18 - 566.5; P = 0.000), AVM diameter under 3 cm (OR = 21.3; IC: 1.71 − 265.6; P = 0.018), the presence of intranidal aneurysms (OR = 11.2; IC = 1.09 − 114.2; P = 0.042), the absence of post-procedure hypotension (OR = 10.2; IC = 1.35 − 77.7; P = 0.003), deep venous drainage (OR = 7.14; IC = 1.15 − 44.4; P = 0.035), and devascularization in excess of 40% per session (OR = 3.3; IC = 1.11 − 16.8; P = 0.056). Fifty-six patients (78.9%) did not experience changes in their neurological condition after the treatment and 13 patients (18.3%) showed a new neurological deficit related to the treatment; 95.8 % of the patients did not show significant long-term incapacity. Partial obstruction of drainage veins, small AVMs, intranidal aneurysms, faulty hemodynamic control and extensive devascularization were found to be predictors of neurological deficit. A significant number of patients with neurological deficit improved in the long term. PMID:25489896

  14. Safety and Efficacy of Mechanical Thrombectomy Using Stent Retrievers in the Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischaemic Stroke: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Puñal-Riobóo, Janet; Atienza, Gerardo; Blanco, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Background The treatment of choice for acute ischaemic stroke is the intravenous administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator within 3-4.5 h of symptom onset. However, the use of a thrombolytic would be limited by its narrow therapeutic window and contraindications. As a result, in recent years, techniques such as mechanical thrombectomy have emerged, which employ thrombus retrieval devices, such as stent retrievers (Solitaire™, Trevo® or Revive™), whose safety and efficacy in the endovascular treatment of acute ischaemic stroke is analysed in this article. Methods A systematic literature search was undertaken until March 2015. The quality of evidence was assessed according to the GRADE methodology. A meta-analysis of the results of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was performed, and the weighted average for the case series' sample size was calculated (Review Manager v5.2 and SPSS v19). Results Seventeen primary studies (2 RCTs, Solitaire™ and Trevo® vs. Merci®, and 15 case series) were selected. The RCT results show that stent retrievers have a safety profile similar to the Merci® device. However, both Solitaire™ and Trevo® achieved a higher recanalisation success rate (OR, 4.56; 95% CI, 2.63-7.90; p < 0.00001) and appropriate clinical outcome at 90 days (OR, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.52-4.25; p < 0.0004), although the 90-day mortality rate was similar in both groups (OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.17-3.37; p = 0.70). Conclusions Stent retrievers appear to be safe and effective devices, achieving high recanalisation rates and good clinical outcomes in the endovascular treatment of patients with acute ischaemic stroke due to the occlusion of intracranial arteries in comparison with the clot retriever Merci®. PMID:26279662

  15. The Added Value of Volume-of-Interest C-Arm CT Imaging during Endovascular Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Chintalapani, G; Chinnadurai, P; Maier, A; Xia, Y; Bauer, S; Shaltoni, H; Morsi, H; Mawad, M E

    2016-04-01

    Successful endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms requires understanding the exact relationship of implanted devices to the aneurysm, parent artery, and other branch vessels during the treatment. Intraprocedural C-arm CT imaging has been shown to provide such information. However, its repeated use is limited due to increasing radiation exposure to the patient. The goal of this study was to evaluate a new volume-of-interest C-arm CT imaging technique, which would provide device-specific information through multiple 3D acquisitions of only the region of interest, thus reducing cumulative radiation exposure to the patient. VOI C-arm CT images were obtained in 28 patients undergoing endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms. VOI images were acquired with the x-ray source collimated around the deployed device, both horizontally and vertically. The images were reconstructed by using a novel prototype robust reconstruction algorithm to minimize truncation artifacts from double collimation. The reconstruction accuracy of VOI C-arm CT images was assessed quantitatively by comparing them with the full-head noncollimated images. Quantitative analysis showed that the quality of VOI C-arm CT images is comparable with that of the standard Feldkamp, Davis, and Kress reconstruction of noncollimated C-arm CT images (correlation coefficient = 0.96 and structural similarity index = 0.92). Furthermore, 91.5% reduction in dose-area product was achieved with VOI imaging compared with the full-head acquisition. VOI imaging allows multiple 3D C-arm CT acquisitions and provides information related to device expansion, parent wall apposition, and neck coverage during the procedure, with very low additional radiation exposure to the patient. © 2016 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  16. Endovascular Aneurysm Sealing for the Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Brownrigg, Jack R. W.; Karthikesalingam, Alan; Patterson, Benjamin O.; Holt, Peter J. E.; Hinchliffe, Robert J.; Morgan, Robert A.; Loftus, Ian M.; Thompson, Matthew M.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To assess the feasibility and report preliminary results of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) repair with endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS), a novel therapeutic alternative whose feasibility has not been established in rAAAs due to the unknown effects of the rupture site on the ability to achieve sealing. Case Report: Between December 2013 and April 2014, 5 patients (median age 71 years, range 57–90; 3 men) with rAAAs were treated with the Nellix EVAS system at a single institution. Median aneurysm diameter was 70 mm (range 67–91). Aneurysm morphology in 4 of the 5 patients was noncompliant with instructions for use (IFU) for both EVAS and standard stent-grafts; the remaining patient was outside the IFU for standard stent-grafts but treated with EVAS under standard IFU for the Nellix system. Median Hardman index was 2 (range 0–3). Two patients died of multiorgan failure after re-laparotomy and intraoperative cardiac arrest, respectively. Among survivors, all devices were patent with no signs of endoleak or failed aneurysm sac sealing at 6 months (median follow-up 9.2 months). Conclusion: EVAS for the management of infrarenal rAAAs appears feasible. The use of EVAS in emergency repairs may broaden the selection criteria of the current endovascular strategy to include patients with more complex aneurysm morphology. PMID:25904491

  17. Periprocedural management of patients with endovascular treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic disease.

    PubMed

    Zaidat, Osama O

    2009-10-01

    Clinical outcome in endovascular therapy of intracranial atherosclerosis with stenting and angioplasty or angioplasty alone is dependent on multiple other factors beside the procedure itself. Preprocedure combined antiplatelet administration of aspirin and clopidogrel and its duration is critical. Preferably, this should be administered 5-7 days prior to the intended procedure and 90 days after the stent placement is preferred. Anticoagulation during the procedure is implemented routinely in the neurointerventional labs during intracranial intervention, with a goal of activated clotting time between 250 to 300 seconds. The preferred agent is unfractionated heparin as an intravenous bolus of 70-80 units/kg, without postprocedure reversal in most cases. Control of blood pressure intraprocedure and in the neurointensive care unit to avoid intracranial hemorrhage and hyperperfusion injury is of paramount significance. The preferred blood pressure is not well known, but lowering the blood pressure below the baseline after luminal gain with stenting would be recommended to prevent secondary injury. The use of general anesthesia versus local and monitored awake anesthesia is controversial and there are no data to support one method over another in cases of intracranial atherosclerosis interventional and endovascular therapy. If the patient is cooperative and would be able to tolerate the procedure under awake anesthesia, the latter would provide an immediate assessment of the neurological outcome and feedback from the patient. However, general anesthesia would provide the interventionalist with less movement artifact and less road mapping need and immediate and accurate assessment of the location of the microwire, catheter, and stent.

  18. Endovascular Treatment of Tandem Common Carotid Artery Origin and Distal Intracranial Occlusion in Acute Ischemic Stroke.

    PubMed

    Weiner, Gregory M; Feroze, Rafey; Panczykowski, David M; Aghaebrahim, Amin; Ares, William; Agarwal, Nitin; Enis, John; Zhu, Xiao; Ducruet, Andrew F

    2017-01-01

    Tandem occlusion resulting in acute ischemic stroke is associated with high morbidity and mortality and a poor response to thrombolytic therapy. The use of endovascular strategies for tandem stroke cases results in an improved outcome for this subgroup of patients. We present 2 cases with a pattern of tandem occlusion consisting of proximal obstruction at the origin of the common carotid artery (CCA) with concomitant intracranial occlusion treated by endovascular techniques. The 2 patients presented each with occlusion at the left CCA origin and ipsilateral intracranial vessel (left middle cerebral artery and carotid terminus, respectively). A transfemoral anterograde approach was used to deliver a balloon-mounted stent across the proximal CCA origin occlusion to gain access to the distal cerebral vasculature. Subsequently, a stent retriever assisted mechanical aspiration thrombectomy was used to revascularize the intracranial occlusion. Complete revascularization with Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction scores of 2b and improvement in neurologic deficits occurred in both cases. Good clinical outcome was achieved for both patients at 3-month follow-up. An anterograde transfemoral approach should be considered in cases of tandem occlusion of the proximal CCA and middle cerebral artery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Rapid Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke: What a General Radiologist Should Know.

    PubMed

    Du, Elizabeth H Y; Shankar, Jai J S

    2017-05-01

    Stroke is the second leading cause of mortality and the third leading cause of disability-adjusted life-years worldwide. For each minute of an ischemic stroke, an estimated 1.9 million brain cells die. The year 2015 saw the unprecedented publication of 5 multicentre, randomized, controlled trials. These studies showed that patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by large-vessel thrombus occlusion of the proximal anterior circulation had significantly reduced disability at 90 days when treated with endovascular thrombectomy and usual stroke care compared to usual stroke care alone. As a result, endovascular thrombectomy is now the new North American and European standard of care for suitable patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by large-vessel proximal anterior circulation occlusion. We review key take-home messages in this paradigm shift for radiologists, including the importance of time and workflow efficiency, what currently constitutes appropriate preimaging patient selection and imaging criteria, the use of newer generation thrombectomy devices, safety outcomes, as well as further areas still in need of elucidation. Copyright © 2016 Canadian Association of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Emergency Endovascular Treatment of an Acute Traumatic Rupture of the Thoracic Aorta Complicated by a Distal Low-Flow Syndrome

    SciTech Connect

    Bruninx, Guy; Wery, Didier; Dubois, Eric; El Nakadi, Badih; Dueren, Eric van; Verhelst, Guy; Delcour, Christian

    1999-11-15

    We report the case of a patient who suffered major trauma following a motorcycle accident that resulted in multiple fractures, bilateral hemopneumothorax, pulmonary contusions, and an isthmic rupture of the aorta with a pseudoaneurysm compressing the descending aorta. This compression was responsible for distal hypotension and low flow, leading to acute renal insufficiency and massive rhabdomyolysis. Due to the critical clinical status of the patient, which prevented any type of open thoracic surgery, endovascular treatment was performed. An initial stent-graft permitted alleviation of the compression and the re-establishment of normal hemodynamic conditions, but its low position did not allow sufficient coverage of the rupture. A second stent-graft permitted total exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm while preserving the patency of the left subclavian artery.

  1. Subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm complicating central venous catheterization: endovascular treatment with Amplatzer Vascular Plug 4 and covered stent.

    PubMed

    Rossi, Umberto G; Petrocelli, Francesco; Ferro, Carlo

    2013-12-01

    Central venous catheterization is a routine vascular access procedure; however, it may be associated with life-threatening complications such as arterial puncture, leading to pseudoaneurysm formation. We report a case of a 41-year-old female that developed an iatrogenic left subclavian pseudoaneurysm complicating the attempt of left internal jugular vein cannulation for temporary hemodialysis therapy. The patient underwent urgent endovascular treatment with deployment of covered stent into the left subclavian artery (SCA) after embolization of the origin of the left internal mammary artery with Amplatzer Vascular Plug 4. The patient's recovery was unremarkable. Follow-up till 24 months reveals total exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm of the left SCA with patency of the distal branches.

  2. Lowered LDL-C Levels Reduce Later Local Vascular Events after Surgical or Endovascular Treatment of Peripheral Artery Disease

    PubMed Central

    Ishii, Kouji; Takahashi, Junichiro; Kanaoka, Tsuyoshi; Wakamatsu, Yutaka; Gohda, Toshihiro; Matsui, Yoshiro

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the relationship between incidence of later, local vascular events (restenosis and occlusion) and clinical factors including lipid levels after surgical or endovascular treatment of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Methods: Consecutive 418 PAD lesions (in 308 patients under the age of 70) treated with surgical (n = 188) or endovascular (n = 230) repair for iliac (n = 228) and infrainguinal (n = 190) lesions were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical features and lipid levels were compared between patients who developed vascular events (n = 51; VE group) and those who did not (n = 257; NoVE group). Results: Among assessed factors, post-therapeutic low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels (mg/dL) were significantly higher in the VE group (120.4 ± 31.2) than in the NoVE group (108.2 ± 25.1) (P = 0.01). Infrainguinal lesions were more common in the VE than in the NoVE group (P <0.001). Cox hazard analysis indicated that infrainguinal lesions relative to iliac lesions significantly increased the risk of vascular events (hazard ratio (HR) 3.35; 95% CI 1.63–6.90; P = 0.001) and post-therapeutic LDL-C levels <130 (mg/dL) decreased the risk (HR 0.34; 95%CI 0.17–0.67; P = 0.002). Conclusion: Lowered post-therapeutic LDL-C levels can decrease the risk of later, local vascular events after PAD treatment. These results may support the rationale for aggressive lipid-modifying therapy for PAD. PMID:23555508

  3. The Effect of Diagnostic Catheter Angiography on Outcomes of Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients Being Considered for Endovascular Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Qureshi, Adnan I.; Saleem, Muhammad A.; Aytaç, Emrah; Malik, Ahmed A.

    2017-01-01

    Background The risk of catheter-based angiograms alone (non-therapeutic angiogram that does not lead to therapeutic intervention) in acute ischemic stroke patients who are considered for endovascular treatment is not well studied. Methods We compared the rates of neurological deterioration within 24 h; symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) within 30 h; acute kidney injury (AKI) and major non-ICH within five days; and functional independence (defined by modified Rankin scale of 0–2) at three months among subjects who underwent a non-therapeutic catheter-based angiogram with subjects who did not undergo catheter-based angiogram in a multicenter clinical trial. Logistic regression analyses was performed to adjust for age, baseline Alberta stroke program early CT score (ASPECTS) strata (0–7 and 8–10), and baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score strata (≤9, 10–19, and ≥20). Results Compared with subjects who did not undergo any catheter-based angiogram (n = 222), 89 subjects who underwent a non-therapeutic catheter-based angiogram had similar adjusted rates of neurological deterioration [odds ratio (OR) = 1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.4–2.3; p = 1] and symptomatic ICH (OR = 0.4; 95% CI 0.1–1.8; p = 0.2). There was no difference in the adjusted rates of AKI, or non-ICH between the two groups. The rate of functional independence at three months was significantly higher among the patients who received a catheter-based angiogram (OR = 2; 95% CI 1.1–3.5; p = 0.016) after adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusion Non-therapeutic catheter-based angiograms in acute ischemic stroke patients who are being considered for endovascular treatment do not adversely affect patient outcomes. PMID:28243351

  4. Endovascular Treatment for Iliac Vein Compression Syndrome: a Comparison between the Presence and Absence of Secondary Thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    Lou, Wen-Sheng; He, Xu; Chen, Liang; Su, Hao-Bo; Chen, Guo-Ping; Song, Jing-Hua; Wang, Tao

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the value of early identification and endovascular treatment of iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS), with or without deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Materials and Methods Three groups of patients, IVCS without DVT (group 1, n = 39), IVCS with fresh thrombosis (group 2, n = 52) and IVCS with non-fresh thrombosis (group 3, n = 34) were detected by Doppler ultrasonography, magnetic resonance venography, computed tomography or venography. The fresh venous thrombosis were treated by aspiration and thrombectomy, whereas the iliac vein compression per se were treated with a self-expandable stent. In cases with fresh thrombus, the inferior vena cava filter was inserted before the thrombosis suction, mechanical thrombus ablation, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, stenting or transcatheter thrombolysis. Results Stenting was performed in 111 patients (38 of 39 group 1 patients and 73 of 86 group 2 or 3 patients). The stenting was tried in one of group 1 and in three of group 2 or 3 patients only to fail. The initial patency rates were 95% (group 1), 89% (group 2) and 65% (group 3), respectively and were significantly different (p = 0.001). Further, the six month patency rates were 93% (group 1), 83% (group 2) and 50% (group 3), respectively, and were similarly significantly different (p = 0.001). Both the initial and six month patency rates in the IVCS patients (without thrombosis or with fresh thrombosis), were significantly greater than the patency rates of IVCS patients with non-fresh thrombosis. Conclusion From the cases examined, the study suggests that endovascular treatment of IVCS, with or without thrombosis, is effective. PMID:19270859

  5. Adult asthma: Diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Durham, Catherine O; Fowler, Terri; Smith, Whitney; Sterrett, James

    2017-09-27

    Adult asthma is a prevalent chronic medical condition that is associated with high morbidity, mortality, and cost. Early identification, evidence-based diagnosis, and step-wise management can lead to improvements in patient outcomes, decrease exacerbations, and eliminate respiratory function decline as the patient ages.

  6. [Integrated diagnosis and treatment of scar].

    PubMed

    Cen, Y; Chen, J J

    2016-11-20

    Scar is the common disease in the field of burn and plastic surgery, and its diagnosis and treatment should be involved in overwhelming majority hospitals. There are many substandard methods and medical hidden dangers in diagnosis and treatment of scar, due to the unevenness of doctors' clinical experience. According to the classification of integral scar and diabrotic scar, the problems related to diagnosis and treatment of scar are systemically summarized and normalized in this article for decrease in the incidence of adverse events and medical hidden dangers.

  7. [Endovascular treatment of intracranial arteriovenous malformation with n-butyl cyanoacrylate. Working methods and experience in 58 cases].

    PubMed

    Jordan González, José A; Llibre Guerra, Juan Carlos; Prince López, José A; Vázquez Luna, Frank; Rodríguez Ramos, Raúl Marino; Ugarte Suarez, José Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) constitute malformative lesions of the central nervous system vasculature and cause significant morbidity and mortality. Endovascular embolization with n-butyl cyanoacrylate is a well established modality of AVM treatment, usually combined with surgery or radiosurgery. The purpose of this study was to characterise the AVMs that were treated endovascularly with n-butyl cyanoacrylate and to evaluate the post-embolization results in the Cuban population. From February 2006 to February 2011, a group of 58 consecutive patients with brain AVMs were embolized using n-butyl cyanoacrylate in the endovascular therapy unit of the Medical Surgical Research Centre in Havana (Cuba). In all, 91sessions were carried out with intranidal embolization and mainly partial devascularization, 25-30% per session, and closing 123 arterial pedicles. Safety times for n-butyl cyanoacrylate injection were established by calculating the polymerisation times for different dilutions, using post-embolisation hypotension systematically, as well as a superselective test with propofol to determine cerebral eloquence. Haemorrhagic signs were the initial presentation in 68.8% of the patients, 24.1% presented with epileptic episodes and 1.7% with ischemic stroke. Of the AVMs, 93.2% were supratentorial; according to the Spetzler and Martin classification, 13.8% were grade II, 56.9% were grade III, 22.4% were grade IV and 6.8%, grade V. One hundred and twenty-eight selective tests with propofol were performed and 118 (92.2%) of those were negative. Partial devascularization (20-30%) prevailed; complete obliteration was achieved in 17.2% of the patients and 70%-99% in 27.5% of the patients. Safety times for n-butyl cyanoacrylate injection were established and the use of post-procedure hypotension was settled. Morbidity of 17.2%, with 6.9% haemorrhagic complications and mortality of 3.4% were registered in the whole series. The rates of total occlusion and of morbidity and

  8. Ruptured Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm: Staged Emergency Endovascular Treatment in the Interventional Radiology Suite

    SciTech Connect

    Kelckhoven, Bas-Jeroen van Bruijninckx, Boy M. A.; Knippenberg, Bob; Overhagen, Hans van

    2007-07-15

    Ruptured aneurysms of the internal iliac artery (IIA) are rare and challenging to treat surgically. Due to their anatomic location they are difficult to operate on and perioperative morbidity is high. An endovascular approach can be helpful. We recently treated a patient with a ruptured IIA aneurysm in the interventional radiology suite with embolization of the side-branch of the IIA and placement of a covered stent in the ipsilateral common and external iliac arteries. A suitable stent-graft was not available initially and had to be brought in from elsewhere. An angioplasty balloon was temporarily placed across the ostium of the IIA to obtain hemostasis. Two hours later, the procedure was finished by placing the stent-graft.

  9. Endovascular Treatment of Aortic Aneurysms and Blood Transfusion. What do We Need?

    PubMed

    Machado, Rui; Loureiro, Luís; Antunes, Inês; Coutinho, Jorge; Almeida, Rui

    2016-05-01

    Introdução: O tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta reduziu as taxas de transfusão. Não existem recomendações relativamente às unidades de glóbulos vermelhos a serem tipadas por crossmatch pré-operatoriamente. O nosso objetivo é contribuir para a análise das unidades de glóbulos vermelhos necessárias no tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta e na cirurgia híbrida de aneurismas da aorta e definir um protocolo do Maximum Surgical Blood Orders Schedule. Material e Métodos: Analisámos retrospetivamente a base de dados prospectiva dos doentes tratados eletivamente por tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta, entre 2001 e 2012. Analisamos idade, género, classe ASA, Maximum Surgical Blood Orders Schedule, unidades de glóbulos vermelhos transfundidas e tempos, endoprótese, relação unidades de glóbulos vermelhos consumidas/endoprótese, relação unidades crossmatched/transfundidas, conversão para cirurgia convencional, hemoglobina pré-operatória e na alta. Resultados: Selecionamos para análise 187 doentes, 90% homens, idade média 73,1, classe ASA III mais frequente. Usamos próteses aorto-bi-iliaca em 71%, aorto-uni-iliaca 23% e torácica 6%. Não necessitaram transfusão 72,6%. Transfundimos 171 unidades de glóbulos vermelhos. A relação unidades crossmatched/transfundidas foi 10,1 até 2010 e 7,3 após. A relação unidades de glóbulos vermelhos consumidas/endoprótese nas primeiras 24 horas foi 0,21 unidades de glóbulos vermelhos/aorto-bi-iliaca, 0,46 unidades de glóbulos vermelhos/aorto-uni-iliaca, 0,8 unidades de glóbulos vermelhos/torácica, 1,3 unidades de glóbulos vermelhos/híbrida-torácica e duas unidades de glóbulos vermelhos/híbrida-aorto-bi-iliaca. Obtivemos relação estatisticamente significativa entre unidades de glóbulos vermelhos transfundidas/endoprótese (p < 0,001) e entre classificação ASA e unidades de glóbulos vermelhos transfundidas após 24 h (p < 0,01). Discussão: As recomenda

  10. Brazilian guidelines for endovascular treatment of patients with acute ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Pontes-Neto, Octávio Marques; Cougo, Pedro; Martins, Sheila Cristina Ouriques; Abud, Daniel G; Nogueira, Raul G; Miranda, Maramélia; Castro-Afonso, Luiz Henrique de; Rebello, Leticia C; Caldas, José Guilherme M Pereira; Bazan, Rodrigo; Bezerra, Daniel C; Rezende, Marco Tulio; Freitas, Gabriel R de; Longo, Alexandre; Magalhães, Pedro; Carvalho, João José Freitas de; Montalverne, Francisco José; Lima, Fabricio Oliveira; Andrade, Gustavo H V; Massaro, Ayrton R; Oliveira-Filho, Jamary; Gagliardi, Rubens; Silva, Gisele Sampaio

    2017-01-01

    These guidelines are the result of a joint effort from writing groups of the Brazilian Stroke Society, the Scientific Department of Cerebrovascular Diseases of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology, the Brazilian Stroke Network and the Brazilian Society of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology. Members from these groups participated in web-based discussion forums with predefined themes, followed by videoconference meetings in which controversies and position statements were discussed, leading to a consensus. This guidelines focuses on the implications of the recent clinical trials on endovascular therapy for acute ischemic stroke due to proximal arterial occlusions, and the final text aims to guide health care providers, health care managers and public health authorities in managing patients with this condition in Brazil.

  11. Lingual thyroid. Diagnosis and treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Kansal, P.; Sakati, N.; Rifai, A.; Woodhouse, N.

    1987-11-01

    We describe four patients who presented with a lingual thyroid condition (three females and one male, aged between 7 and 22 years). Only the male patient was symptomatic with mild dysphagia and hemoptysis. The diagnosis was suspected in three patients, and was confirmed by iodine 123 or 131 scanning in all patients and by a computed tomographic scan in the one patient studied. The patient with dysphagia received a 10-mCl therapeutic dose of iodine 131 before thyroxine replacement was started. The diagnosis and management of lingual thyroid is discussed. All patients need lifelong thyroxine suppression. Unenhanced computed tomographic scans have a diagnostic appearance due to the iodine content of the ectopic thyroid tissue.

  12. Tobacco Addiction: Diagnosis and Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Hatsukami, Dorothy K.; Stead, Lindsay F.; Gupta, Prakash C.

    2015-01-01

    Tobacco use is associated with 5 million deaths per year worldwide and is considered as one of the leading causes of premature death. Comprehensive tobacco control programs can significantly reduce the prevalence of tobacco use. An important component of a comprehensive program is the provision of treatment for tobacco addiction. Treatment involves targeting multiple aspects of addiction including the underlying neurobiology and behavioral processes. Furthermore, building an infrastructure in health systems that encourage and facilitate cessation and expanding the accessibility of treatments are necessary. While current pharmacological and behavioral treatments are effective in improving cessation success, the rate of relapse to smoking remains high, demonstrating the strong addictive nature of nicotine. The future of treatment resides in better patient matching to treatment, combination or novel medications, and conceptualizing nicotine addiction as a chronic disorder which may require long-term treatment. PMID:18555914

  13. Active push deployment technique improves stent/vessel-wall interaction in endovascular treatment of acute stroke with stent retrievers.

    PubMed

    Wiesmann, Martin; Brockmann, Marc-Alexander; Heringer, Sarah; Müller, Marguerite; Reich, Arno; Nikoubashman, Omid

    2017-03-01

    The optimal interaction between stent struts and thrombus is crucial for successful revascularization in endovascular stroke therapy with stent retrievers. Deploying the stent retriever by actively pushing it into the thrombus increases the radial force with which the stent struts expand into the thrombus. To examine the active push deployment (APD) technique in an in vitro model and present our clinical experience with this technique. In an in vitro experiment we investigated the configuration of a Solitaire and a Trevo ProVue device (both 4×20 mm), depending on whether the devices were deployed using the APD technique or simple unsheathing. We retrospectively assessed the effectiveness and safety of this technique by analyzing 130 patients with large vessel occlusions (carotid T or M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery), who received endovascular treatment with a Trevo device (4×20 mm) that was deployed using the APD technique. In vitro experiment: the APD technique improved apposition of the devices to the vessel wall. There was widening of 30% (Trevo) and 19% (Solitaire) at the cost of a shortening of 5% and 4%, respectively, when the devices were deployed in a carotid T model. Clinical study: the revascularization rate (Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction ≥2b) with the Trevo device was 90%. There were no retriever-associated dissections or perforations in 278 retrieval maneuvers. The APD technique improves apposition of the tested devices to the vessel wall. The widening effect comes at the cost of minimal shortening of the devices. Our clinical experience shows that using the APD technique to deploy the Trevo device is effective and safe. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  14. Effective approach for the treatment of bronchopleural fistula: application of endovascular metallic ring-shaped coil in combination with fibrin glue.

    PubMed

    Sivrikoz, Cumhur M; Kaya, Tamer; Tulay, Cumhur M; Ak, Ilknur; Bilir, Ayten; Döner, Egemen

    2007-06-01

    The development of bronchopleural fistula is an important complication after pulmonary resections. Generally, conventional treatment methods are used in patients having bronchopleural fistulas. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of minimally invasive methods yielding better results. In our study, we applied a combination of endovascular metallic ring coil and fibrin glue. We hereby think that such an approach for a combination might be a contribution to improving the already existing minimally invasive treatment methods.

  15. Glaucoma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Latest Research

    MedlinePlus

    ... Feature: Glaucoma Glaucoma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Latest Research Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of Contents Symptoms ... patients may need to keep taking drugs. Latest Research Researchers are studying the causes of glaucoma, looking ...

  16. HIV / AIDS: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues HIV / AIDS HIV / AIDS: Symptoms , Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment Past Issues / ... Most people who have become recently infected with HIV will not have any symptoms. They may, however, ...

  17. Heart Health - Heart Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Cover Story Heart Health Heart Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment Past Issues / Winter 2009 ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Most heart attacks happen when a clot in the coronary ...

  18. Diagnosis and treatment of septic arthritis.

    PubMed

    Morton, Alison J

    2005-12-01

    Septic arthritis (SA) is a common orthopedic condition encountered in horses that are presented to equine veterinarians. Successful out-come is dependent on prompt and thorough evaluation and treatment. This article briefly reviews the pathophysiology, outlines diagnostics, describes treatment options and prognostics, and discusses current research in diagnosis and treatment of SA.

  19. Diagnosis and Treatment of Cyanide Toxicity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-02-01

    treat toxic amblyopia and optic neuritises caused by the cyanide present in tobacco smoke.64,65 Hydroxycobalamin therapy is usually well tolerated,44,59...JAN 2009 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Diagnosis and treatment of cyanide toxicity 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Diagnosis and Treatment of Cyanide Toxicity

  20. [Phyllodes tumor: diagnosis and treatment].

    PubMed

    Uribe, A; Bravo, G; Uribe, A; Viada, R; Capetillo, M; Villarroel, T

    1995-01-01

    We reviewed 1.178 benign tumors treated between 1981/93 among which 39 appeared with a Phylodes Tumors diagnosis, disregarding 5 of them because they did not have a precise description and histologic classification, studying 34 proved cases which represented 2.89% of all benign tumors; if we add 89% cancers in these years, we have 2.074 and the relation becomes 1.64% of the total. We found 22 benign phylodes (64.7%) 7 border line (20.5%) and 5 malignant (14.8%) whose clinic, histologic and evolutive characteristics are presented in this paper.

  1. Filariasis: diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

    PubMed

    Palumbo, Emilio

    2008-08-01

    Lymphatic filariasis caused by the mosquitoborne, lymphatic-dwelling nematodes Wuchereria bancrofti and Brigia malayi is still a common tropical parasitic disease and 120 million people are affected in the world, of which two-third in Asia. W. bancrofti is responsible for 90% of this disease, while B. malayi for the remaining 10%. Next to psychiatric illness, this is the leading cause for permanent and long-term disability. Some recent studies have evidenced new aspects in the diagnosis, management and in planning effective strategies for its global prevention. The aim of this up to date is to evidence clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of this very important infection.

  2. Reconstruction of intracranial vertebral artery with radial artery and occipital artery grafts for fusiform intracranial vertebral aneurysm not amenable to endovascular treatment: technical note.

    PubMed

    Kubota, Hisashi; Tanikawa, Rokuya; Katsuno, Makoto; Noda, Kosumo; Ota, Nakao; Miyata, Shiro; Yabuuchi, Tomonari; Izumi, Naoto; Bulsara, Ketan R; Hashimoto, Masaaki

    2013-08-01

    Symptomatic fusiform intracranial vertebral artery aneurysms pose a formidable treatment challenge when not amenable to endovascular treatment. In this paper, we illustrate the microsurgical management of such an aneurysm. To prevent neurological deterioration, anatomical reconstruction preserving all vessels including posterior inferior cerebellar artery and perforators is essential. In this case illustration, the occipital artery was used as a donor to a perforator originating from the aneurysmal segment. This bypass was performed in an end-to-side fashion. Subsequently, the aneurysmal component of the vertebral artery was resected and an end-to-side (V4 to V3) bypass was performed using a radial artery graft. The patient achieved complete resection of the aneurysm preserving normal anatomy of the posterior circulation without any ischemic complications. Complex cerebral artery bypass techniques are essential in the armamentarium of cerebrovascular for the treatment of complex lesions not amenable to endovascular therapy.

  3. Endovascular embolization of life threatening intracranial arterio-venous malformation.

    PubMed

    Khan, S U; Rahman, K M; Siddiqui, M R; Hoque, M A; Mondol, B A; Hussain, S; Mohammad, Q D

    2010-07-01

    Haemorrhagic stroke from cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) represents 2% of all hemorrhagic strokes. A clear understanding of the diagnostic and treatment algorithms of cerebral AVM management is very important, because AVMs are a cause of hemorrhage in young adults. Surgery, endovascular therapy, and radiosurgery can be used alone or in combination to treat an AVM. We reported a 40 years old man of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM), complicated with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Digital subtraction angiogram was done for diagnosis and endovascular embolization for treatment of the case. This is the first successful cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) embolization in any government hospital of Bangladesh. The aim of this case report is to inform about this new technologies and emerging treatment strategies in these areas.

  4. [Stroke due to acute occlusion of the basilar artery : Diagnosis and treatment].

    PubMed

    Nagel, S

    2017-09-13

    Acute occlusion of the basilar artery is a rare and, if left untreated, severe neurovascular condition with a high mortality. The clinical presentation is often atypical and hence diagnosis may be delayed. Because of the devastating natural course, recanalization strategies were often more aggressive than in patients with occlusions in the anterior circulation. To date, there is no evidence-based therapy, and recent larger registry studies and meta-analyses do not show a clear superiority of endovascular approaches over systemic thrombolysis alone. The current review aims to provide an overview of the most critical aspects in clinical and radiological diagnosis and treatment of basilar artery thrombosis.

  5. Meningococcal Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... sometimes detect and identify the bacteria if the cultures do not. Lumbar puncture to collect sample of cerebrospinal fluid ©Teresa Winslow – US Government has certain rights Treatment Doctors treat meningococcal ...

  6. Catatonia: diagnosis, classification, and treatment.

    PubMed

    Francis, Andrew

    2010-06-01

    Catatonia is a distinct neuropsychiatric syndrome that is becoming more recognized clinically and in ongoing research. It occurs with psychiatric, metabolic, or neurologic conditions. It may occur in many forms, including neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Treatment with benzodiazepines or electroconvulsive therapy leads to a dramatic and rapid response, although systematic, randomized trials are lacking. An important unresolved question is the role of antipsychotic agents in treatment and their potential adverse effects.

  7. Interventional radiology and endovascular surgery in the treatment of ectopic pregnancies

    PubMed Central

    Fornazari, Vinicius Adami Vayego; Szejnfeld, Denis; Elito, Julio; Goldman, Suzan Menasce

    2015-01-01

    The advent of interventional radiology enabled remarkable advances in diagnosis and treatment of several situations in obstetrics and gynecology. In the field of obstetrics, these advances include temporary occlusion of the iliac arteries to the management of placenta accreta and/or prior, arteriovenous fistulas after embolization of uterine curettage and management of ectopic uterine and extra-uterine pregnancies. The non-tubal ectopic pregnancy, either cervical, abdominal, ovarian or in a cesarean scar, often represents major therapeutic challenge, especially when exists a desire to maintain fertility. Despite the systemic methotrexate therapy and surgical resection of the ectopic gestational sac be the most used therapeutic options, the interventionist approach of non-tubal ectopic pregnancies, direct injection of methotrexate in the gestational sac and intra-arterial chemoembolization of uterine arteries constitute in the currently literature viable, safe, effective modalities with low morbidity, shorter hospital stay, and rapid clinical recovery. Because of little variety of materials used, and the increase in training of specialists in the area, the radiological intervention as a treatment option in ectopic pregnancies is financially viable and present considerable accessibility in the world and at most of Brazilian medical centers. PMID:25993085

  8. Diagnosis and treatment of hypernatremia.

    PubMed

    Muhsin, Saif A; Mount, David B

    2016-03-01

    Hypernatremia is defined as a serum sodium level above 145 mmol/L. It is a frequently encountered electrolyte disturbance in the hospital setting, with an unappreciated high mortality. Understanding hypernatremia requires a comprehension of body fluid compartments, as well as concepts of the preservation of normal body water balance. The human body maintains a normal osmolality between 280 and 295 mOsm/kg via Arginine Vasopressin (AVP), thirst, and the renal response to AVP; dysfunction of all three of these factors can cause hypernatremia. We review new developments in the pathophysiology of hypernatremia, in addition to the differential diagnosis and management of this important electrolyte disorder. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  9. Multiple myeloma: diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Nau, Konrad C; Lewis, William D

    2008-10-01

    Multiple myeloma, the most common bone malignancy, is occurring with increasing frequency in older persons. Typical symptoms are bone pain, malaise, anemia, renal insufficiency, and hypercalcemia. Incidental discovery on comprehensive laboratory panels is common. The disease is diagnosed with serum or urine protein electrophoresis or immunofixation and bone marrow aspirate analysis. Skeletal radiographs are important in staging multiple myeloma and revealing lytic lesions, vertebral compression fractures, and osteoporosis. Magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography or computed tomography are emerging as useful tools in the evaluation of patients with myeloma; magnetic resonance imaging is preferred for evaluating acute spinal compression. Nuclear bone scans and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry have no role in the diagnosis and staging of myeloma. The differential diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathies includes monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance, smoldering (asymptomatic) and symptomatic multiple myeloma, amyloidosis, B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, and rare plasma cell leukemia and heavy chain diseases. Patients with monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance or smoldering multiple myeloma should be followed closely, but not treated. Symptomatic multiple myeloma is treated with chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation, if possible. Melphalan, prednisolone, dexamethasone, vincristine, doxorubicin, bortezomib, and thalidomide and its analogue lenalidomide have been used successfully. It is important that family physicians recognize and appropriately treat multiple myeloma complications. Bone pain is treated with opiates, bisphosphonates, radiotherapy, vertebroplasty, or kyphoplasty; nephrotoxic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided. Hypercalcemia is treated with isotonic saline infusions, steroids, furosemide, or bisphosphonates. Because of susceptibility to infections

  10. Improved clinical outcome 3 months after endovascular treatment, including thrombectomy, in patients with acute ischemic stroke: a meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Falk-Delgado, Anna; Kuntze Söderqvist, Åsa; Fransén, Jian; Falk-Delgado, Alberto

    2016-01-01

    Background and purpose Intravenous thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator is standard treatment in acute stroke today. The benefit of endovascular treatment has been questioned. Recently, studies evaluating endovascular treatment and intravenous thrombolysis compared with intravenous thrombolysis alone, have reported improved outcome for the intervention group. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing endovascular treatment in addition to intravenous thrombolysis with intravenous thrombolysis alone. Methods Databases were searched for eligible randomized controlled trials. The primary outcome was a functional neurological outcome after 90 days. A secondary outcome was severe disability and death. Data were pooled in the control and intervention groups, and OR was calculated on an intention to treat basis with 95% CIs. Outcome heterogeneity was evaluated with Cochrane's Q test (significance level cut-off value at <0.10) and I2 (significance cut-off value >50%) with the Mantel–Haenszel method for dichotomous outcomes. A p value <0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. Results Six studies met the eligibility criteria, and data from 1569 patients were analyzed. A higher probability of a functional neurological outcome after 90 days was found for the intervention group (OR 2, 95% CI 2 to 3). There was a significantly higher probability of death and severe disability in the control group compared with the intervention group. Conclusions Endovascular treatment in addition to intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke leads to an improved clinical outcome after 3 months, compared with patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis alone. PMID:26138731

  11. Patellar Tendinopathy: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    PubMed

    Figueroa, David; Figueroa, Francisco; Calvo, Rafael

    2016-12-01

    Patellar tendinopathy is a common cause of pain in athletes' knees. Historically, it has been related to jumping sports, such as volleyball and basketball. Repetitive jumping generates a considerable load of energy in the extensor mechanism, leading to symptoms. The main pathophysiologic phenomenon in patellar tendinopathy is tendinosis, which is a degenerative disorder rather than an inflammatory disorder; therefore, the other popular term for this disease, tendinitis, is not appropriate. The nonsurgical treatment of patellar tendinopathy is focused on eccentric exercises and often has good results. Other experimental options, with variable levels of evidence, are available for recalcitrant cases. Surgical treatment is indicated for cases that are refractory to nonsurgical treatment. Open or arthroscopic surgery can be performed; the two methods are comparable, but arthroscopic surgery results in a faster recovery time.

  12. Turf Toe: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodeo, Scott A.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    The prevalence of artificial playing surfaces and the use of shoes on football fields is associated with increased incidence of turf toe. Artificial turf decreases shock absorption, and lightweight shoes do not provide adequate support. Treatment is recommended because of the potential for long-term sequelae including hallux rigidus. (SM)

  13. Turf Toe: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodeo, Scott A.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    The prevalence of artificial playing surfaces and the use of shoes on football fields is associated with increased incidence of turf toe. Artificial turf decreases shock absorption, and lightweight shoes do not provide adequate support. Treatment is recommended because of the potential for long-term sequelae including hallux rigidus. (SM)

  14. Endovascular Treatment of Acute Arterial Hemorrhage in Trauma Patients Using Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer (Onyx)

    SciTech Connect

    Mueller-Wille, R. Heiss, P.; Herold, T.; Jung, E. M. Schreyer, A. G. Hamer, O. W. Rennert, J. Hoffstetter, P. Stroszczynski, C.; Zorger, N.

    2012-02-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to determine the feasibility and efficacy of endovascular embolization with liquid embolic agent ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx) in patients with acute traumatic arterial bleeding. Methods: This is a retrospective review of 13 patients (9 men and 4 women; mean age 45 years) with severe trauma who underwent embolotherapy using Onyx from November 2003 to February 2009. Bleeding was located in the pelvis (5 patients), kidney (3 patients), mesenteric region (2 patients), retroperitoneal space (2 patients), neck (1 patient), and thigh (1 patient). In three cases (23.1%), Onyx was used in conjunction with coils. We evaluate the technical and clinical success, procedural and embolization time, occurrence of rebleeding, and embolotherapy-related complications, such as necrosis or migration of Onyx into nontarget vessels. Results: In all patients, embolotherapy was technically and clinically successful on the first attempt. Control of bleeding could be reached with a mean time of 19 (range, 4-63) min after correct placement of the microcatheter in the feeding artery. No recurrent bleeding was detected. No unintended necrosis or migration of Onyx into a nontarget region was observed. During the follow-up period, three patients (23.1%) died due to severe intracranial hemorrhage, cardiac arrest, and sepsis. Conclusions: Transcatheter embolization with new liquid embolic agent Onyx is technically feasible and effective in trauma patients with acute arterial hemorrhage.

  15. Neuropsychological function after endovascular and neurosurgical treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Egeto, Peter; Loch Macdonald, R; Ornstein, Tisha J; Schweizer, Tom A

    2017-04-14

    OBJECTIVE Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is treated with either surgical clipping or endovascular coiling, though the latter is the preferred treatment method given its more favorable functional outcomes. However, neuropsychological functioning after treatment is rarely taken into account. In this meta-analysis, the authors synthesized relevant data from the literature and compared neuropsychological functioning in patients after coiling and clipping of SAH. They hypothesized that the coiled patients would outperform the clipped patients; that group differences would be greater with higher posterior circulation rupture rates, in older patients, and in more recent publications; that group differences would be smaller with greater rates of middle cerebral artery (MCA) rupture; and that anterior communicating artery (ACoA) rupture rates would not influence effect sizes. METHODS The MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases were searched for clinical studies that compared neuropsychological functioning after either endovascular coiling or surgical clipping for SAH. Hedge's g and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using random effects models. Patients who had undergone coiling or clipping were compared on test performance in 8 neuropsychological domains: executive functions, language, attention/processing speed, verbal memory, visual memory, spatial memory, visuospatial functions, and intelligence. Patients were also compared with healthy controls, and meta-regressions were used to explore the relation between effect sizes and publication year, delay between treatment and neuropsychological testing, mean patient age, and rates of posterior circulation, ACoA, and MCA ruptures. RESULTS Thirteen studies with 396 clipped cases, 314 coiled cases, and 169 healthy controls were included in the study. The coil-treated patients outperformed the clip-treated patients on executive function (g = 0.17, 95% CI 0.08-0.25) and language tests (g = 0.23, 95% CI 0.07-0.39), and all

  16. The Diagnosis and Treatment of Intratesticular Varicocele

    SciTech Connect

    Morvay, Zita; Nagy, Endre

    1998-01-15

    A case of varicocele is reported. The dilated veins were situated in the left testis. The diagnosis required color Doppler sonography. Successful treatment was performed by transcatheter embolization of the left spermatic vein. The control sonogram revealed complete regression. A literature search yielded only three previous cases of intratesticular varicocele. No data were found on the treatment of this entity.

  17. First Case of Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm Using Stent Assisted Coiling at the Department of Neurosurgery in Skopje.

    PubMed

    Filipce, Venko; Caparoski, Aleksandar; Milosevic, Zoran

    2015-01-01

    The management of intracranial aneurysms has changed dramatically in recent years. The science and technology advancement have resulted in new therapeutic options for their treatment. There is an increased interest among neurosurgeons to perform endovascular procedures for intracranial aneurysms. This has become a part of the neurosurgical residency in the US. We are presenting our first experience of ruptured aneurysm coiling using stent assisted technique.

  18. Hodgkin Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    PubMed

    Ansell, Stephen M

    2015-11-01

    Hodgkin lymphoma is a rare B-cell malignant neoplasm affecting approximately 9000 new patients annually. This disease represents approximately 11% of all lymphomas seen in the United States and comprises 2 discrete disease entities--classical Hodgkin lymphoma and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma. Within the subcategorization of classical Hodgkin lymphoma are defined subgroups: nodular sclerosis, mixed cellularity, lymphocyte depletion, and lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin lymphoma. Staging of this disease is essential for the choice of optimal therapy. Prognostic models to identify patients at high or low risk for recurrence have been developed, and these models, along with positron emission tomography, are used to provide optimal therapy. The initial treatment for patients with Hodgkin lymphoma is based on the histologic characteristics of the disease, the stage at presentation, and the presence or absence of prognostic factors associated with poor outcome. Patients with early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma commonly receive combined-modality therapies that include abbreviated courses of chemotherapy followed by involved-field radiation treatment. In contrast, patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma commonly receive a more prolonged course of combination chemotherapy, with radiation therapy used only in selected cases. For patients with relapse or refractory disease, salvage chemotherapy followed by high-dose treatment and an autologous stem cell transplant is the standard of care. For patients who are ineligible for this therapy or those in whom high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplant have failed, treatment with brentuximab vedotin is a standard approach. Additional options include palliative chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors, nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant, or participation in a clinical trial testing novel agents.

  19. Haemorrhoids: modern diagnosis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Hollingshead, J R F; Phillips, R K S

    2016-01-01

    Haemorrhoids present often to primary and secondary care, and haemorrhoidal procedures are among the most common carried out. They may co-exist with more serious pathology, and correct evaluation is important. In most cases a one-off colonoscopy in patients aged 50 or above with flexible sigmoidoscopy in younger patients is reasonable. Many people with haemorrhoids do not require treatment. Topical remedies provide no more than symptomatic relief-and even evidence for this is poor. Bulk laxatives alone may improve symptoms of both bleeding and prolapse and seem as effective as injection sclerotherapy. Rubber band ligation is effective in 75% of patients in the short term, but does not treat prolapsed haemorrhoids or those with a significant external component. Conventional haemorrhoidectomy remains the most effective treatment in the long term, the main limitation being post-operative pain. Metronidazole, topical sphincter relaxants and operative technique have all been shown to reduce pain. Stapled haemorrhoidectomy and haemorrhoidal artery ligation techniques are probably less effective but less painful. Long-term data are poor for all procedures, with many studies reporting only 1-3 years of follow-up data. Haemorrhoids are common in pregnancy, occurring in 40% of women. They can usually be treated conservatively during pregnancy, with any treatment delayed until after delivery. Acutely strangulated haemorrhoids may be treated either conservatively or operatively. There is an increased risk of anal stenosis after acute surgery, but the risks of sepsis and sphincter damage are less significant than previously thought. The majority of patients who are treated conservatively will still require definitive treatment at a later date. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  20. Cystinosis: practical tools for diagnosis and treatment

    PubMed Central

    Wilmer, Martijn J.; Schoeber, Joost P.; van den Heuvel, Lambertus P.

    2010-01-01

    Cystinosis is the major cause of inherited Fanconi syndrome, and should be suspected in young children with failure to thrive and signs of renal proximal tubular damage. The diagnosis can be missed in infants, because not all signs of renal Fanconi syndrome are present during the first months of life. In older patients cystinosis can mimic idiopathic nephrotic syndrome due to focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis. Measuring elevated white blood cell cystine content is the corner stone for the diagnosis. The diagnosis is confirmed by molecular analysis of the cystinosin gene. Corneal cystine crystals are invariably present in all patients with cystinosis after the age of 1 year. Treatment with the cystine depleting drug cysteamine should be initiated as soon as possible and continued lifelong to prolong renal function survival and protect extra-renal organs. This educational feature provides practical tools for the diagnosis and treatment of cystinosis. PMID:20734088

  1. Endovascular treatment of bifurcation intracranial aneurysms with the WEB SL/SLS: 6-month clinical and angiographic results.

    PubMed

    Bozzetto Ambrosi, Patricia; Gory, Benjamin; Sivan-Hoffmann, Rotem; Riva, Roberto; Signorelli, Francesco; Labeyrie, Paul-Emile; Eldesouky, Islam; Sadeh-Gonike, Udi; Armoiry, Xavier; Turjman, Francis

    2015-08-01

    The WEB device is a recent intrasaccular flow disruption technique developed for the treatment of wide-necked intracranial aneurysms. To date, a single report on the WEB Single-Layer (SL) treatment of intracranial aneurysms has been published with 1-months' safety results. The aim of this study is to report our experience and 6-month clinical and angiographic follow-up of endovascular treatment of wide-neck aneurysm with the WEB SL. Ten patients with 10 unruptured wide-necked aneurysms were prospectively enrolled in this study. Feasibility, intraoperative