Science.gov

Sample records for discretionary fund final

  1. Director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    This technical memorandum contains brief technical papers describing research and technology development programs sponsored by the ARC Director's Discretionary Fund during fiscal year 1992 (Oct. 1991 through Sep. 1992). An appendix provides administrative information for each of the 45 sponsored research programs.

  2. JSC director's discretionary fund program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    The Johnson Space Center Director's Discretionary Fund Program Annual Report provides a brief review of the status of projects undertaken during the 1990 fiscal year. Three space exploration initiative related issues were focused on: regenerative life support, human spacecraft design, and lunar surface habitat. A viable program of life sciences, space sciences, and engineering research has been maintained.

  3. JSC Director's Discretionary Fund Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenkins, Lyle M. (Editor)

    1991-01-01

    The JSC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Program 1991 Annual Report provides a brief status of the projects undertaken during the 1991 fiscal year. For this year, four space exploration initiative related issues were focused on: regenerative life support, human spacecraft design, lunar surface habitat, and in situ resource utilization. In this way, a viable program of life sciences, space sciences, and engineering research has been maintained. For additional information on any single project, the individual investigator should be contacted.

  4. Glass fiber processing for the Moon/Mars program: Center director's discretionary fund final report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, D. S.; Ethridge, E.; Curreri, P.

    1992-01-01

    Glass fiber has been produced from two lunar soil simulants. These two materials simulate lunar mare soil and lunar highland soil compositions, respectively. Short fibers containing recrystallized areas were produced from the as-received simulants. Doping the highland simulant with 8 weight percent B2-O3 yielded a material which could be spun continuously. The effects of lunar gravity on glass fiber formation were studied utilizing NASA's KC-135 aircraft. Gravity was found to play a major role in final fiber diameter.

  5. Director's Discretionary Fund report for FY 1993

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    This technical memorandum contains brief technical papers describing research and technology development programs sponsored by the Ames Research Center Director's Discretionary Fund during fiscal year 1993 (October 1992 through September 1993). An appendix provides administrative information for each of the sponsored research programs.

  6. 23 CFR 650.705 - Application for discretionary bridge funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Application for discretionary bridge funds. 650.705... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Discretionary Bridge Candidate Rating Factor § 650.705 Application for discretionary bridge funds. Each year through its field offices, the FHWA will...

  7. 23 CFR 650.705 - Application for discretionary bridge funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Application for discretionary bridge funds. 650.705... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Discretionary Bridge Candidate Rating Factor § 650.705 Application for discretionary bridge funds. Each year through its field offices, the FHWA will...

  8. 23 CFR 650.705 - Application for discretionary bridge funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Application for discretionary bridge funds. 650.705... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Discretionary Bridge Candidate Rating Factor § 650.705 Application for discretionary bridge funds. Each year through its field offices, the FHWA will...

  9. 23 CFR 650.705 - Application for discretionary bridge funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Application for discretionary bridge funds. 650.705... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Discretionary Bridge Candidate Rating Factor § 650.705 Application for discretionary bridge funds. Each year through its field offices, the FHWA will...

  10. 23 CFR 650.705 - Application for discretionary bridge funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application for discretionary bridge funds. 650.705... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Discretionary Bridge Candidate Rating Factor § 650.705 Application for discretionary bridge funds. Each year through its field offices, the FHWA will...

  11. Director's discretionary fund report for FY 1991

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    The Director's Discretionary Fund (DDF) at the Ames Research Center was established to fund innovative, high-risk projects in basic research which would otherwise be difficult to initiate, but which are essential to our future programs. Here, summaries are given of individual projects within this program. Topics covered include scheduling electric power for the Ames Research Center, the feasibility of light emitting diode arrays as a lighting source for plant growth chambers in space, plasma spraying of nonoxide coatings using a constricted arcjet, and the characterization of vortex impingement footprint using non-intrusive measurement techniques.

  12. Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC): non-discretionary funding provisions of the William F. Goodling Child Nutrition Reauthorization Act of 1998. Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. Final rule.

    PubMed

    1999-12-06

    This final rule incorporates into the WIC program regulations numerous non-discretionary funding provisions mandated in the William F. Goodling Child Nutrition Reauthorization Act of 1998. This rule revises and expands backspend and spendforward authority, conversion of funds, multipurpose/infrastructure grants and the use of food funds for the purchase of breast pumps. The rule also revises nutrition services and administration expenditure standards and expands the timing for the use of vendor and participant collections. The provisions in this rule provide greater flexibility for State agencies in the operation of WIC program relating to funds management.

  13. JSC Director's Discretionary Fund 1992 Annual Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenkins, Lyle (Compiler)

    1993-01-01

    Annual report of the Johnson Space Center Director's Discretionary Fund documenting effective use of resources. The $1,694,000 funding for FY92 was distributed among 27 projects. The projects are an overall aid to the NASA mission, as well as providing development opportunities for the science and engineering staff with eventual spinoff to commercial uses. Projects described include space-based medical research such as the use of stable isotopes of deuterium and oxygen to measure crew energy use and techniques for noninvasive motion sickness medication. Recycling essentials for space crew support is conducted in the Regenerative Life Support and the Hybrid Regenerative Water Recovery test beds. Two-phase fluid flow simulated under low-gravity conditions, hypervelocity particle impact on open mesh bumpers, and microcalorimetry to measure the long-term hydrazine/material compatibility were investigated. A patent application was made on a shape-memory-alloy release nut. Computer estimate of crew accommodations for advanced concepts was demonstrated. Training techniques were evaluated using multimedia and virtual environment. Upgrades of an electronic still camera provide high resolution images from orbit are presented.

  14. 76 FR 11310 - Alternatives Analysis Program Discretionary Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Transit Administration Alternatives Analysis Program Discretionary Funding Allocations AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration (FTA), DOT. ACTION: Alternatives Analysis Program Announcement of Project...

  15. Investigations carried out under the Director's Discretionary Fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chahine, M. T.

    1985-01-01

    This annual report comprises a set of summaries, describing task objectives, progress and results or accomplishments, future outlook, and financial status for each director's discretionary fund (DDF) task that was active during fiscal year 1984. Publications and conference presentations related to the work are listed. The individual reports are categorized as interim or final according to whether the task efforts are ongoing or completed. A partial list of new tasks to be initiated with fiscal year 1985 funds and a glossary of abbreviations and acronyms, used by the task authors in their summaries are included. The table of contents lists the DDF reports in sequence by their task number, which is derived from the 13-digit code assigned to account for the fund awarded to the task project.

  16. 45 CFR 98.61 - Allotments from the Discretionary Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Section 98.61 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Financial Management § 98.61 Allotments from the Discretionary Fund. (a) To the 50 States... appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block Grant, less amounts reserved for technical assistance...

  17. Directors's Discretionary Fund Report For Fiscal Year 1995

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    This technical memorandum contains brief technical papers describing research and technology development programs sponsored by the Ames Research Center Director's Discretionary Fund during the fiscal year 1995 (October 1994 through September 1995). An appendix provides administrative information for each of the sponsored research programs.

  18. Director's discretionary fund report for fiscal year 1994

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    This technical memorandum contains brief technical papers describing research and technology development programs sponsored by the Ames Research Center Director's Discretionary Fund during fiscal year 1991 (October 1993 through September 1994). An appendix provides administrative information for each of the sponsored research programs.

  19. Director's Discretionary Fund Report for Fiscal Year 1997

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    This technical memorandum contains brief technical papers describing research and technology development programs sponsored by the Ames Research Center Director's Discretionary Fund during fiscal year 1997 (October 1996 through September 1997). Appendices provide administrative information for each of the sponsored research programs.

  20. 78 FR 60369 - Discretionary Funding Opportunity

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ...) Amounts received under a service agreement with a State or local social service agency or private social... a scaling plan describing the minimum funding necessary for a feasible project and the impacts of a... specified. 12. Potential issues (technical or other) that may impact the success of the project. 13. Provide...

  1. 76 FR 37393 - FY 2011 Discretionary Livability Funding Opportunity; Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    ... Federal Transit Administration FY 2011 Discretionary Livability Funding Opportunity; Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities Livability Initiative Program Grants and Section 5339 Alternatives Analysis Program... in support of the Department of Transportation's (DOT) Livability Initiative: the Bus and Bus...

  2. 77 FR 6172 - Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities Program and National Research Program Funds.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-07

    ... applicant will need to apply separately in TEAM for these funds. Research funds must adhere to the... Federal Transit Administration Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities Program and National Research Program...) of FTA Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities Program and Section 5312 National Research Program Funds...

  3. 75 FR 18942 - FY 2010 Discretionary Sustainability Funding Opportunity; Transit Investments for Greenhouse Gas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-13

    .... ACTION: Notice of availability of FTA environmental sustainability program funds: solicitation of project... for these discretionary funds, the criteria FTA will use to identify meritorious projects for funding... module of the government-wide electronic grants Web site at http://www.grants.gov . DATES: Complete...

  4. 77 FR 6178 - FY 2012 Discretionary Funding Opportunities: Bus and Bus Facilities Programs (State of Good...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-07

    ... facilities or electrical recharging facilities and related equipment for such buses; or (3) Projects relating to clean fuel, biodiesel, hybrid electric, or zero emissions technology buses that exhibit equivalent... Federal Transit Administration FY 2012 Discretionary Funding Opportunities: Bus and Bus Facilities...

  5. 77 FR 48592 - Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ... Livability (BLIV) initiatives funded under the Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities program, which is... used consistent with the competitive proposal and for the eligible purposes defined under 49 U.S.C... under 49 U.S.C. 5309(b)(3). In selecting projects for funding using Bus Program funds, FTA ensured...

  6. Management and use of DOE-provided discretionary funds. Progress report, January-December 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-03-01

    The first section of this report presents brief summaries of the final reports for each Univ. of Illinois/Office of Energy Research project support by DOE in 1980, namely: An Assessment of the Impact of Commission Regulation on Prices; Radiative Collision Lasers; NO/sub x/ Decomposition in a Catalytic Muffler; Fuel/Air Control System for Catalytic Combustion Driven Stirling Engines - A Feasibility Study; Regional Environmental-Economic Optimization Models for Evaluating Policies Which Affect the Development of the Electric Power Industry in the Midwest; Analysis of Public Attitudes on Nuclear Power; Impacts of Energy Shortages Upon East Urbana, 1980: a Re-Study and Analysis; Alcohol energy Systems for Corn Farms; Feasibility of Greenhouses Heated with Surface Application of Power Plant Cooling Water; and Replacement of Petroleum Fuels with Alcohol. The second section deals with the proposed program for 1981 and use of the discretionary funds, specifically to encourage a distinguished multi-disciplinary group in Engineering Materials to direct their attention to the materials problems that are associated with advanced techniques of coal utilization, are described. A third section, Appendix A contains the complete program reports as submitted by the investigators. (MCW)

  7. Low loss injector for Space Shuttle main engine. Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vonpragenau, G. L.

    1984-01-01

    An efficient propellant injection method to raise the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) thrust and payload is discussed. Relatively large diameter injector elements with low pressure loss are recommended for the main combustion chamber and the pre-burners. Smaller losses admit more propellant flow which then raises thrust. Payload is not only gained by specific impulse but also by thrust. The chamber pressure is stabilized by selecting the proper cavity size for the injector elements while reducing the injection pressure loss which normally is kept high for stability. The rather large injector element recesses provide acoustic damping which makes baffles and acoustic absorbers unnecessary. A tenfold reduction of flow induced stresses which are rather high in the present design is shown. Relaxed tolerances, fewer elements, and better maintenance are offered. The study was conducted under a center director discretionary fund assignment.

  8. 34 CFR 222.173 - What activities will not receive funding under a Discretionary Construction grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Discretionary Construction grant? 222.173 Section 222.173 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program Under Section 8007(b) of the Act General §...

  9. Test Platform for Advanced Digital Control of Brushless DC Motors (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gwaltney, D. A.

    2002-01-01

    A FY 2001 Center Director's Discretionary Fund task to develop a test platform for the development, implementation. and evaluation of adaptive and other advanced control techniques for brushless DC (BLDC) motor-driven mechanisms is described. Important applications for BLDC motor-driven mechanisms are the translation of specimens in microgravity experiments and electromechanical actuation of nozzle and fuel valves in propulsion systems. Motor-driven aerocontrol surfaces are also being utilized in developmental X vehicles. The experimental test platform employs a linear translation stage that is mounted vertically and driven by a BLDC motor. Control approaches are implemented on a digital signal processor-based controller for real-time, closed-loop control of the stage carriage position. The goal of the effort is to explore the application of advanced control approaches that can enhance the performance of a motor-driven actuator over the performance obtained using linear control approaches with fixed gains. Adaptive controllers utilizing an exact model knowledge controller and a self-tuning controller are implemented and the control system performance is illustrated through the presentation of experimental results.

  10. 77 FR 60172 - Clean Fuels Grant Program, Augmented With Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities Program Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-02

    ... phase or project is accomplished. Grantees are reminded that the 90% provision for biodiesel buses is..., Section III (C). Biodiesel buses remain eligible for an 83% Federal share. A discretionary project...

  11. 77 FR 52131 - FY 2012 Discretionary Funding Opportunity: Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-28

    .... The required electronic project proposal template as well as guidance on completing a proposal can be...: Solicitation of Project Proposals SUMMARY: The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) announces the availability... cooperation with FTA, will determine the final selection and funding of projects. Geographic diversity will be...

  12. 76 FR 37175 - FY 2011 Discretionary Sustainability Funding Opportunity Transit Investments for Greenhouse Gas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... project; (2) Constructing or leasing clean fuel bus facilities or electrical recharging facilities and... With Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities Program AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration (FTA), DOT... (TIGGER) program and Clean Fuels Grant program, augmented with Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities program...

  13. Development of a large field-of-view KD potassium di-deuterium phosphate modulator: Center Director's Discretionary Fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    West, E. A.

    1993-01-01

    Magnetographs, which measure polarized light, allow solar astronomers to infer the magnetic field intensity on the Sun. The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Vector Magnetograph is such an imaging instrument. The instrument requires rapid modulation between polarization states to minimize seeing effects. The accuracy of those polarization measurements is dependent on stable modulators with small field-of-view errors. Although these devices are very important in ground-based telescopes, extending the field of view of electro-optical crystals such as KD*Ps (potassium di-deuterium phosphate) could encourage the development of these devices for other imaging applications. The work that was done at MSFC as part of the Center Director's Discretionary Fund (CDDF) to reduce the field-of-view errors of instruments that use KD*P modulators in their polarimeters is described.

  14. Evaluation of Orr's Discretionary Grant Support for Enhanced Skills Training and Multiple Wage Earners. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kogan, Deborah; And Others

    An evaluation of the Multiple Wage Earner (MWE) discretionary grant program and Enhanced Skills Training (EST) program developed by the Department of Health and Human Services is reported. The EST program was intended to reach hard-to-employ refugees through improvement of the quality of jobs available to refugees experiencing difficulties…

  15. 76 FR 68813 - FY 2011 Discretionary Livability Funding Opportunity; Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-07

    ... public transit providers to finance capital projects to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase buses and... projects for assistance to subrecipients that are public agencies, private companies engaged in public transportation, or private non-profit organizations. The Alternatives Analysis program makes funds available...

  16. Energy Management: Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors’ Discretionary R and D Funds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-01

    Programs o)r Ihe Director of Energy Research-to fund the early exploration and exploitation of creative and innovative -- cientific and to-o’hi(fgw-al...panel’s 1985 update. Subsequent to the first ERAB study, a study by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy also recommended that a...DOE’s Under Secretary canceled the project because it was not within DOE’S mission and vuld involve experimentation on human sub- jects. DOE allows

  17. Optical synthesizer for a large quadrant-array CCD camera: Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hagyard, Mona J.

    1992-01-01

    The objective of this program was to design and develop an optical device, an optical synthesizer, that focuses four contiguous quadrants of a solar image on four spatially separated CCD arrays that are part of a unique CCD camera system. This camera and the optical synthesizer will be part of the new NASA-Marshall Experimental Vector Magnetograph, and instrument developed to measure the Sun's magnetic field as accurately as present technology allows. The tasks undertaken in the program are outlined and the final detailed optical design is presented.

  18. Determination of Significant Composite Processing Factors by Designed Experiment (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Finckenor, J. L.

    2003-01-01

    To determie composite material properties' effects from porcessing variables, a 3 factorial designed experiment with two replicates was conducted. The factors were cure method (oven versus autoclave), layup (hand versus tape-laying machine), and thickness (8 versus 52 ply). Four material systems were tested: AS4/3501-6, IM7/8551-7, IM7/F655 bismaleimide (BMI), and shear tests on IM7/F584. Material properties were G(sub 12), v(sub 12), E(sub 1c) and E(sub 2c). Since the samples were necessarily nonstandard, strengths, though recorded, cannot be considered valid. Void content was also compared. Autoclave curing helped material properties for the low modulus fiber material but showed little benefit for higher stiffness fibers. The number of plies was very important for epoxy composites but not for the BMI. E(sub 1) was generally unaffected by any factor. Particularly high void content did correlate to reduced properties. Autoclave curing reduced void content over oven curiing but a moderate amount of voids, less than 1 percent void content, didnot correlate with material properties. Oven cures and hand layups can produce high-quality parts. Part thickness of epoxy composites is important, though cure optimization may improve performance. Significant variations can be caused by processing and it is important that test coupons always reflect the layup and processes of the final part.

  19. The New York State Program for the Conservation and Preservation of Library Research Materials. Selected Press Clippings about Projects Funded by the Discretionary Grant Program, 1988/89 and 1989/90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Library, Albany. Div. of Library Development.

    This document is composed of clippings from news publications and press releases about projects funded by the New York State Discretionary Grant Program for Conservation and Preservation of Library Research Materials, which annually awards $500,000 to libraries, archives, historical societies, and similar agencies in New York State through…

  20. Review of Our National Heritage of Launch Vehicles Using Aerodynamic Surfaces and Current Use of These by Other Nations. Part II; Center Director's Discretionary Fund Project Numbe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barret, C.

    1996-01-01

    Marshall Space Flight Center has a rich heritage of launch vehicles that have used aerodynamic surfaces for flight stability and for flight control. Recently, due to the aft center-of-gravity (cg) locations on launch vehicles currently being studied, the need has arisen for the vehicle control augmentation that can be provided by these flight controls. Aerodynamic flight control can also reduce engine gimbaling requirements, provide actuator failure protection, enhance crew safety, and increase vehicle reliability and payload capability. As a starting point for the novel design of aerodynamic flight control augmentors for a Saturn class, aft cg launch vehicle, this report undertakes a review of our national heritage of launch vehicles using aerodynamic surfaces, along with a survey of current use of aerodynamic surfaces on large launch vehicles of other nations. This report presents one facet of Center Director's Discretionary Fund Project 93-05 and has a previous and subsequent companion publication.

  1. Final Technical Report for ARRA Funding

    SciTech Connect

    Rusack, Roger; Mans, Jeremiah; Poling, Ronald; Cushman, Priscilla

    2016-12-06

    Final technical report of the University of Minnesota experimental high energy physics group for ARRA support. The Cryogenic Dark Matter Experiment (CDMS) used the funds received to construct a new passive shield to protect a high purity germanium detector located in the Soudan mine in Northern Minnesota from from cosmic rays. The BESIII and the CMS groups purchased computing hardware to assemble computer farms for data analysis and to generate large volumes of simulated data for comparison with the data collected.

  2. 77 FR 43646 - FY 2012 Discretionary Funding Opportunity; Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities and Section 5312...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-25

    ... program, referred to as ``VTCLI II'' in this notice, makes funds available to local, state and tribal agencies to create or expand One- Call/One-Click Transportation Resource Centers in their communities... networks related to VTCLI II. Grants which include Section 5312 Research funds may be required to develop...

  3. A browse facility for Earth science remote sensing data: Center director's discretionary fund final report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyer, P. J.

    1993-01-01

    An image data visual browse facility is developed for a UNIX platform using the X Windows 11 system. It allows one to visually examine reduced resolution image data to determine which data are applicable for further research. Links with a relational data base manager then allow one to extract not only the full resolution image data, but any other ancillary data related to the case study. Various techniques are examined for compression of the image data in order to reduce data storage requirements and time necessary to transmit the data on the internet. Data used were from the WetNet project.

  4. 76 FR 37184 - Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... Federal Transit Administration Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities Program AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration (FTA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of availability of FTA state of good repair bus and bus facilities...) announces the availability of discretionary Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities grant funds in support of...

  5. Educational Priorities for Discretionary Funding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bachelor, Patricia A.; And Others

    To provide information on what innovations are considered to be desirable and promising in the improvement of education, this study analyzes the grant proposals submitted to the BankAmerica Foundation's Educational Initiatives Program from 1978 to 1980 in terms of technical and practical utility. The results of the study show that California…

  6. Final Forensic Audit Report of Iraq Reconstruction Funds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-13

    OFFICE OF THE SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION FINAL FORENSIC AUDIT REPORT OF IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION FUNDS... Forensic Audit Report of Iraq Reconstruction Funds 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e...Why SIGIR Did This Study Public Law 108-106, as amended, requires the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR) to perform forensic

  7. School Governance as Discretionary Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manley-Casimir, Michael E.

    1974-01-01

    Author developed a model of school governance in terms of discretionary justice and argued that the model of discretionary justice is judicially compatible and is inherently responsible to judicial norms. (Editor/RK)

  8. Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Program. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-09-30

    This final rule makes regulatory changes to the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) based on the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 2014. These changes strengthen requirements to protect the health and safety of children in child care; help parents make informed consumer choices and access information to support child development; provide equal access to stable, high-quality child care for low-income children; and enhance the quality of child care and the early childhood workforce.

  9. Investigation of Springback Associated with Composite Material Component Fabrication (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Report, Project 94-09)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benzie, M. A.

    1998-01-01

    The objective of this research project was to examine processing and design parameters in the fabrication of composite components to obtain a better understanding and attempt to minimize springback associated with composite materials. To accomplish this, both processing and design parameters were included in a Taguchi-designed experiment. Composite angled panels were fabricated, by hand layup techniques, and the fabricated panels were inspected for springback effects. This experiment yielded several significant results. The confirmation experiment validated the reproducibility of the factorial effects, error recognized, and experiment as reliable. The material used in the design of tooling needs to be a major consideration when fabricating composite components, as expected. The factors dealing with resin flow, however, raise several potentially serious material and design questions. These questions must be dealt with up front in order to minimize springback: viscosity of the resin, vacuum bagging of the part for cure, and the curing method selected. These factors directly affect design, material selection, and processing methods.

  10. Thermal and Chemical Characterization of Composite Materials. MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Report, Project No. ED36-18

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stanley, D. C.; Huff, T. L.

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this research effort was to: (1) provide a concise and well-defined property profile of current and developing composite materials using thermal and chemical characterization techniques and (2) optimize analytical testing requirements of materials. This effort applied a diverse array of methodologies to ascertain composite material properties. Often, a single method of technique will provide useful, but nonetheless incomplete, information on material composition and/or behavior. To more completely understand and predict material properties, a broad-based analytical approach is required. By developing a database of information comprised of both thermal and chemical properties, material behavior under varying conditions may be better understood. THis is even more important in the aerospace community, where new composite materials and those in the development stage have little reference data. For example, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy spectral databases available for identification of vapor phase spectra, such as those generated during experiments, generally refer to well-defined chemical compounds. Because this method renders a unique thermal decomposition spectral pattern, even larger, more diverse databases, such as those found in solid and liquid phase FTIR spectroscopy libraries, cannot be used. By combining this and other available methodologies, a database specifically for new materials and materials being developed at Marshall Space Flight Center can be generated . In addition, characterizing materials using this approach will be extremely useful in the verification of materials and identification of anomalies in NASA-wide investigations.

  11. Damping Mechanisms for Microgravity Vibration Isolation (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Report, Project No. 94-07)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whorton, M. S.; Eldridge, J. T.; Ferebee, R. C.; Lassiter, J. O.; Redmon, J. W., Jr.

    1998-01-01

    As a research facility for microgravity science, the International Space Station (ISS) will be used for numerous investigations such as protein crystal growth, combustion, and fluid mechanics experiments which require a quiescent acceleration environment across a broad spectrum of frequencies. These experiments are most sensitive to low-frequency accelerations and can tolerate much higher accelerations at higher frequency. However, the anticipated acceleration environment on ISS significantly exceeds the required acceleration level. The ubiquity and difficulty in characterization of the disturbance sources precludes source isolation, requiring vibration isolation to attenuate the anticipated disturbances to an acceptable level. This memorandum reports the results of research in active control methods for microgravity vibration isolation.

  12. Optimization of the Processing Parameters of High Temperature Superconducting Glass-Ceramics: Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ethridge, E. C.; Kaukler, W. F.

    1993-01-01

    A number of promising glass forming compositions of high Tc superconducting Ba-Sr-Ca-Cu-O (BSCCO) materials were evaluated for their glass-ceramic crystallization ability. The BSCCO ceramics belonging to the class of superconductors in the Ba-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system were the focus of this study. By first forming the superconducting material as a glass, subsequent devitrification into the crystalline (glass-ceramic) superconductor can be performed by thermal processing of the glass preform body. Glass formability and phase formation were determined by a variety of methods in another related study. This study focused on the nucleation and crystallization of the materials. Thermal analysis during rapid cooling aids in the evaluation of nucleation and crystallization behavior. Melt viscosity is used to predict glass formation ability.

  13. Degradation Factor Approach for Impacted Composite Structural Assessment: MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Report, Project No. 96-17

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ortega, R.; Price, J. M.; Fox, D.

    2000-01-01

    This technical memorandum documents the results of the research to develop a concept for assessing the structural integrity of impacted composite structures using the strength degradation factor in conjunction with available finite element tools. For this purpose, a literature search was conducted, a plan for conducting impact testing on two laminates was developed, and a finite element model of the impact process was created. Specimens for the impact testing were fabricated to support the impact testing plan.

  14. EPA Discretionary Grant Programs

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This is a listing of EPA’s Discretionary Grants which are available through competitive selection. The Agency has the discretion to determine the grantees and dollar amounts for these grant awards. For more information please visit the Grants.gov website.

  15. Discretionary Grants Administration Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Human Development Services (DHHS), Washington, DC.

    This manual sets forth applicable administrative policies and procedures to recipients of discretionary project grants or cooperative agreements awarded by program offices in the Office of Human Development Services (HDS). It is intended to serve as a basic reference for project directors and business officers of recipient organizations who are…

  16. Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Jay; Lieberman, Joanne; Parrish, Tom; Kaleba, Daniel; Van Campen, James; Stullich, Stephanie

    The Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding (SERFF) examined the allocation and use of funds provided to school districts and schools through the Goals 2000 and five of the largest Elementary and Secondary Education Act programs for fiscal year 1997, corresponding to the 1997-1998 school year. The six federal programs included in this…

  17. Student Discipline as Discretionary Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manley-Casimir, Michael E.

    1971-01-01

    Suggests that individualized justice is a necessary pre-condition to the maintenance of effective student discipline and that the discipline dilemma can be resolved by viewing the administration of student discipline as a problem of discretionary justice. (Author)

  18. Student Discipline as Discretionary Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manley-Casimir, Michael E.

    1971-01-01

    Suggests that individualized justice is a necessary pre-condition to the maintenance of effective student discipline and that the discipline dilemma can be resolved by viewing the administration of student discipline as a problem of discretionary justice. (Author)

  19. Center Director's Discretionary Fund 2005 Annual Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nurge, Mark; Griffin, Timothy; Arens, Ellen; Calle, Carlos; Quinn, Jacqueline; Wheeler, Raymond; Metzger, Phillip T.; Calle, Luz Marina; Beaver, Justin M.; Williams, Martha; Smith, Trent; Robertso, Luke; Clayton, LaNetra; Sager, John; Li, Wenyan; Monje, Oscar

    2007-01-01

    The FY 2005 CDDF projects were selected from the following spaceport and range technology and science areas: fluid system technologies; spaceport structures and materials; command, control, and monitoring technologies; and biological sciences (including support for environmental stewardship). The FY 2005 CDDF research projects involved development of the following: a) Capacitance-based moisture sensors to optimize plant growth in reduced gravity; b) Commodity-free calibration methods; c) Application of atmospheric plasma glow discharge to alter the surface properties of polymers for improved electrostatic dissipation characteristics; d) A wipe-on, wipe-off chemical process to remove lead oxides found in paint; e) A robust metabolite profiling platform for better understanding the "law" of biological regulation; f) An explanation of the excavation processes that occur when a jet of gas impinges on a bed of sand; g) "Smart coatings" to detect and control corrosion at an early stage to prevent further corrosion h) A model that can produce a reliable diagnosis of the quality of a software product; i) The formulation of advanced materials to meet system safety needs to minimize electrostatic charges, flammability, and radiation exposure; j) A lab-based instrument that uses the electro-optic Pockels effect to make static electric fields visible; k) A passive volatile organic compound (VOC) cartridge to filter, identify, and quantify VOCs flowing into or emanating from plant flight experiments.

  20. 78 FR 65341 - Discretionary Grant Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ... award to the Children's Hospital of Alabama's Regional Poison Control Center. The 11-month award for... current grant, H4BHS15500. Effective October 1, 2013, the Regional Poison Control Center will be Alabama's sole poison control center. The center's responsibility to provide poisoning triage and treatment...

  1. Public School Funding Formula Task Force. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Mexico Legislative Council Service, Santa Fe.

    This report presents the findings and recommendations of a study of New Mexico's financing of education. A task force, created in 1995 by the state legislature, was charged with reviewing public school funding for the purpose of introducing legislation to reform the system. For the study, hired consultants reviewed historical documents, held…

  2. Evaluation of the Training Centre Infrastructure Fund (TCIF). Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Training Centre Infrastructure Fund (TCIF) was initially announced in Budget 2004 and represented an immediate measure of the broader Workplace Skills Strategy. TCIF was a three-year $25 million pilot project, designed to address the growing need for union-employer training centres to replace aging equipment and simulators that were not up to…

  3. 45 CFR 87.1 - Discretionary grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Discretionary grants. 87.1 Section 87.1 Public... ORGANIZATIONS § 87.1 Discretionary grants. (a) This section is not applicable to the programs governed by the... used in this section, “program” refers to activities supported by discretionary grants under which...

  4. 36 CFR 251.100 - Discretionary review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Discretionary review. 251.100... review. (a) Petitions or requests for discretionary review shall not, in and of themselves, give rise to a decision to exercise discretionary review. In electing to exercise discretion, a Reviewing Officer...

  5. OSEP Funded Field and Student Initiated Research. Final Report, September 1, 1983-August 31, 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beling, Dorothy; And Others

    The report reviews results of a project to examine pilot approaches to documenting the contributions of research in improving educational practice. The project abstracted 110 currently funded research projects in progress (to facilitate dissemination to the field), processed final reports of field-initiated and student-initiated research funded by…

  6. Experimental Observations for Determining the Maximum Torque Values to Apply to Composite Components Mechanically Joined With Fasteners (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Report, Proj. 03-13}

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, F. P.

    2006-01-01

    Aerospace structures utilize innovative, lightweight composite materials for exploration activities. These structural components, due to various reasons including size limitations, manufacturing facilities, contractual obligations, or particular design requirements, will have to be joined. The common methodologies for joining composite components are the adhesively bonded and mechanically fastened joints and, in certain instances, both methods are simultaneously incorporated into the design. Guidelines and recommendations exist for engineers to develop design criteria and analyze and test composites. However, there are no guidelines or recommendations based on analysis or test data to specify a torque or torque range to apply to metallic mechanical fasteners used to join composite components. Utilizing the torque tension machine at NASA s Marshall Space Flight Center, an initial series of tests were conducted to determine the maximum torque that could be applied to a composite specimen. Acoustic emissions were used to nondestructively assess the specimens during the tests and thermographic imaging after the tests.

  7. Aluminum-Scandium Alloys: Material Characterization, Friction Stir Welding, and Compatibility With Hydrogen Peroxide (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Report, Proj. No. 04-14)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, J. A.; Chen, P. S.

    2004-01-01

    This Technical Memorandum describes the development of several high-strength aluminum (Al) alloys that are compatible with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) propellant for NASA Hypersonic-X (Hyper-X) vehicles fuel tanks and structures. The yield strengths for some of these Al-magnesium-based alloys are more than 3 times stronger than the conventional 5254-H112 Al alloy, while maintaining excellent H2O2 compatibility similar to class 1 5254 alloy. The alloy development strategy is to add scandium, zirconium, and other transitional metals with unique electrochemical properties, which will not act as catalysts, to decompose the highly concentrated 90 percent H2O2. Test coupons are machined from sheet metals for H2O2 long-term exposure testing and mechanical properties testing. In addition, the ability to weld the new alloys using friction stir welding has also been explored. The new high-strength alloys could represent an enabling material technology for Hyper-X vehicles, where flight weight reduction is a critical requirement.

  8. High-Strength Aluminum Casting Alloy for High-Temperature Applications (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Project No. 97-10)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, J. A.

    1998-01-01

    A new aluminum-silicon alloy has been successfully developed at Marshall Space Flight Center that has a significant improvement in tensile strength at elevated temperatures (550 to 700 F). For instance, the new alloy shows in average tensile strength of at least 90 percent higher than the current 390 aluminum piston alloy tested at 500 F. Compared to conventional aluminum alloys, automotive engines using the new piston alloy will have improved gas mileage, and may produce less air pollution in order to meet the future U.S. automotive legislative requirements for low hydrocarbon emissions. The projected cost for this alloy is less than $0.95/lb, and it readily allows the automotive components to be cast at a high production volume with a low, fully accounted cost. It is economically produced by pouring molten metal directly into conventional permanent steel molds or die casting.

  9. Coaligned observations of solar magnetic fields at different heights: MSFC Center director's discretionary fund final report (Project No. 88-10)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hagyard, M. J.; West, E. A.; Gary, G. A.; Smith, J. E.

    1990-01-01

    The objective was to develop the capability for and coaligned observations of the structure and evolution of the Sun's magnetic field at two different heights in the solar atmosphere: the photosphere, which is the lowest region observable with optical telescopes; and the chromosphere, which lies just above the photosphere and is the region where the magnetic field dominates the gas motion so that a well-ordered structure governed by the field is observed. By obtaining this three-dimensional picture of the solar magnetic field, a better understanding can be developed of the magnetic forces that produce and control the dynamic, high-energy phenomena occurring in the solar atmosphere that can affect the entire heliosphere, including the terrestrial environment.

  10. Application of Rapid Prototyping to the Investment Casting of Test Hardware (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Final Report, Project No. 98-08)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cooper, K. G.; Wells, D.

    2000-01-01

    Investment casting masters of a selected propulsion hardware component, a fuel pump housing, were rapid prototyped on the several processes in-house, along with the new Z-Corp process acquired through this project. Also, tensile samples were prototyped and cast using the same significant parameters. The models were then shelled in-house using a commercial grade zircon-based slurry and stucco technique. Next, the shelled models were fired and cast by our in-house foundry contractor (IITRI), with NASA-23, a commonly used test hardware metal. The cast models are compared by their surface finish and overall appearance (i.e., the occurrence of pitting, warping, etc.), as well as dimensional accuracy.

  11. 76 FR 52997 - Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Approving Proposed Board Funding Final Rules for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-24

    ... COMMISSION Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Order Approving Proposed Board Funding Final Rules for Allocation of the Board's Accounting Support Fee Among Issuers, Brokers, and Dealers, and Other Amendments to... Accounting Oversight Board (the ``Board'' or the ``PCAOB'') filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission...

  12. 45 CFR 1606.10 - Final decision for a termination, debarment, or limited reduction of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... President who has not had prior involvement in the proceedings under this part. (e) As soon as practicable... funding. (a) If neither the Corporation nor the recipient requests review by the President of a draft...) The recipient or the Corporation may seek review by the President of a draft final decision or a...

  13. 45 CFR 1606.10 - Final decision for a termination, debarment, or limited reduction of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... President who has not had prior involvement in the proceedings under this part. (e) As soon as practicable... funding. (a) If neither the Corporation nor the recipient requests review by the President of a draft...) The recipient or the Corporation may seek review by the President of a draft final decision or a...

  14. 32 CFR 2001.35 - Discretionary declassification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Discretionary declassification. 2001.35 Section 2001.35 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT... Declassification § 2001.35 Discretionary declassification. (a) In accordance with section 3.1(d) of the...

  15. 32 CFR 2001.35 - Discretionary declassification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Discretionary declassification. 2001.35 Section 2001.35 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT... Declassification § 2001.35 Discretionary declassification. (a) In accordance with section 3.1(d) of the...

  16. 32 CFR 2001.35 - Discretionary declassification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Discretionary declassification. 2001.35 Section 2001.35 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT... Declassification § 2001.35 Discretionary declassification. (a) In accordance with section 3.1(d) of the...

  17. 32 CFR 2001.35 - Discretionary declassification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Discretionary declassification. 2001.35 Section 2001.35 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT... Declassification § 2001.35 Discretionary declassification. (a) In accordance with section 3.1(d) of the...

  18. 32 CFR 2001.35 - Discretionary declassification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Discretionary declassification. 2001.35 Section 2001.35 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT... Declassification § 2001.35 Discretionary declassification. (a) In accordance with section 3.1(d) of the...

  19. A Marketer's Guide to Discretionary Income.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linden, Fabian; And Others

    Detailed information about discretionary income--how much money is available after day-to-day needs are met--is important for understanding how consumers spend their money. Business requires a precise definition of discretionary income to assess the market's size, growth, and demographic characteristics. Designed primarily for the marketing…

  20. 14 CFR 67.115 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.115 Section 67.115 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION First-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.115 Discretionary...

  1. 14 CFR 67.115 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.115 Section 67.115 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION First-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.115 Discretionary...

  2. 14 CFR 67.115 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.115 Section 67.115 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION First-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.115 Discretionary...

  3. 14 CFR 67.115 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.115 Section 67.115 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION First-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.115 Discretionary...

  4. 14 CFR 67.115 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.115 Section 67.115 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION First-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.115 Discretionary...

  5. 77 FR 28573 - Applications for New Awards; Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-15

    ... Applications for New Awards; Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program AGENCY: Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education ACTION: Notice. Overview Information Impact Aid... 11, 2012. Full Text of Announcement I. Funding Opportunity Description Purpose of Program: The Impact...

  6. 78 FR 13646 - Applications for New Awards; Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... percent of its bond limit; or (iii) Is eligible to receive funds for the fiscal year for heavily impacted... Applications for New Awards; Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program AGENCY: Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice. Overview Information Impact Aid...

  7. Director's Discretionary Research and Development Program: Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2006

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2007-03-01

    The Director's Discretionary Research and Development Program, Annual Report Fiscal Year 2006 is an annual management report that summarizes research projects funded by the DDRD program. The NREL DDRD program comprises projects that strengthen NREL's four technical competencies: Integrated Systems, Renewable Electricity, Renewable Fuels, and Strategic Analysis.

  8. 45 CFR 2522.470 - What other factors or information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What other factors or information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions? 2522.470 Section 2522.470 Public Welfare Regulations... information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions? (a) The Corporation will seek to...

  9. 45 CFR 2522.470 - What other factors or information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What other factors or information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions? 2522.470 Section 2522.470 Public Welfare Regulations... information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions? (a) The Corporation will seek to...

  10. 45 CFR 2522.470 - What other factors or information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What other factors or information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions? 2522.470 Section 2522.470 Public Welfare Regulations... information may the Corporation consider in making final funding decisions? (a) The Corporation will seek to...

  11. Discretionary death: conditions, dilemmas, and normative regulation.

    PubMed

    Machado, Nora

    2005-11-01

    The author examines a major shift in the conceptualization and practices relating to death and dying in Western and other societies with advanced medicine. This shift is the result of socio-technical and cultural developments characterized by but not limited to the routine widespread application of life support technologies in the hospital together with notions of increased patient rights. It has resulted in a class of end-of-life situations, which the author defines as "discretionary death." The concept of discretionary death underscores the role of contextual and discretionary factors in end-of-life decision-making. The author identifies and discusses the necessary and complex process of norm formation that informs and regulates end-of-life medical practice and establishes societal consensus across society with respect to legitimizing "discretionary death."

  12. 42 CFR 441.57 - Discretionary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) of Individuals Under Age 21 § 441.57 Discretionary services. Under the EPSDT program, the agency may provide for any other medical or remedial care...

  13. 42 CFR 441.57 - Discretionary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) of Individuals Under Age 21 § 441.57 Discretionary services. Under the EPSDT program, the agency may provide for any other medical or remedial care...

  14. 42 CFR 441.57 - Discretionary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) of Individuals Under Age 21 § 441.57 Discretionary services. Under the EPSDT program, the agency may provide for any other medical or remedial care...

  15. 42 CFR 441.57 - Discretionary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) of Individuals Under Age 21 § 441.57 Discretionary services. Under the EPSDT program, the agency may provide for any other medical or remedial care...

  16. 42 CFR 441.57 - Discretionary services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) of Individuals Under Age 21 § 441.57 Discretionary services. Under the EPSDT program, the agency may provide for any other medical or remedial care...

  17. 40 CFR 52.2476 - Discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Section 52.2476 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS..., bubble, alternative sampling or testing method, compliance schedule revision, alternative compliance... local air pollution control agency in accordance with any discretionary authority granted under its...

  18. 40 CFR 52.2476 - Discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Section 52.2476 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS..., bubble, alternative sampling or testing method, compliance schedule revision, alternative compliance... local air pollution control agency in accordance with any discretionary authority granted under its...

  19. 40 CFR 52.2476 - Discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Section 52.2476 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS..., bubble, alternative sampling or testing method, compliance schedule revision, alternative compliance... local air pollution control agency in accordance with any discretionary authority granted under its...

  20. 40 CFR 52.2476 - Discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Section 52.2476 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS..., bubble, alternative sampling or testing method, compliance schedule revision, alternative compliance... local air pollution control agency in accordance with any discretionary authority granted under its...

  1. 40 CFR 52.2476 - Discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 52.2476 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS..., bubble, alternative sampling or testing method, compliance schedule revision, alternative compliance... local air pollution control agency in accordance with any discretionary authority granted under its...

  2. 29 CFR 778.211 - Discretionary bonuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... recognition of services performed during a given period if * * * (a) both the fact that payment is to be made... compensation due under the Act. (b) Discretionary character of excluded bonus. In order for a bonus to qualify...

  3. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... reserve. (1) Of the WIA formula funds allotted for services to youth, adults and dislocated workers, the... formula. (1) Unless the Governor elects to distribute funds in accordance with the discretionary... paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the State may allocate youth funds under a discretionary formula. Under...

  4. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... reserve. (1) Of the WIA formula funds allotted for services to youth, adults and dislocated workers, the... formula. (1) Unless the Governor elects to distribute funds in accordance with the discretionary... paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the State may allocate youth funds under a discretionary formula. Under...

  5. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... reserve. (1) Of the WIA formula funds allotted for services to youth, adults and dislocated workers, the... formula. (1) Unless the Governor elects to distribute funds in accordance with the discretionary... paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the State may allocate youth funds under a discretionary formula. Under...

  6. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... reserve. (1) Of the WIA formula funds allotted for services to youth, adults and dislocated workers, the... formula. (1) Unless the Governor elects to distribute funds in accordance with the discretionary... paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the State may allocate youth funds under a discretionary formula. Under...

  7. 28 CFR 90.50 - Indian tribal governments discretionary program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments Discretionary Program § 90.50 Indian tribal governments discretionary...) Indian tribal governments under the Violence Against Women Act do not need to have law...

  8. 28 CFR 90.50 - Indian tribal governments discretionary program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments Discretionary Program § 90.50 Indian tribal governments discretionary...) Indian tribal governments under the Violence Against Women Act do not need to have law enforcement...

  9. 28 CFR 90.50 - Indian tribal governments discretionary program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments Discretionary Program § 90.50 Indian tribal governments discretionary...) Indian tribal governments under the Violence Against Women Act do not need to have law enforcement...

  10. 14 CFR 67.215 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.215 Section 67.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Second-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.215...

  11. 14 CFR 67.215 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.215 Section 67.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Second-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.215...

  12. 14 CFR 67.215 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.215 Section 67.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Second-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.215...

  13. 14 CFR 67.215 - Discretionary issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Discretionary issuance. 67.215 Section 67.215 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN MEDICAL STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION Second-Class Airman Medical Certificate § 67.215...

  14. 14 CFR 77.37 - Discretionary review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Discretionary review. 77.37 Section 77.37 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRSPACE OBJECTS AFFECTING NAVIGABLE AIRSPACE (Eff. until 1-18-11) Aeronautical Studies of Effect of...

  15. 20 CFR 726.317 - Discretionary review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Discretionary review. 726.317 Section 726.317 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED BLACK LUNG BENEFITS; REQUIREMENTS FOR COAL MINE...

  16. 20 CFR 726.317 - Discretionary review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Discretionary review. 726.317 Section 726.317 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED BLACK LUNG BENEFITS; REQUIREMENTS FOR COAL MINE...

  17. 20 CFR 726.317 - Discretionary review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Discretionary review. 726.317 Section 726.317 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED BLACK LUNG BENEFITS; REQUIREMENTS FOR COAL MINE...

  18. A Study of Late Funding of Elementary and Secondary Education Programs. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peat, Marwick, Mitchell and Co., Washington, DC.

    This publication presents findings of a nationwide study of the impact of late or uncertain funding on elementary secondary educational programs funded by the U.S. Office of Education (USOE). Emphasis of the report is on detailed documentation of the problems created by current funding flow patterns to state and local education agencies. In phase…

  19. 76 FR 40950 - Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Notice of Filing of Proposed Board Funding Final Rules...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-12

    ... COMMISSION Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; Notice of Filing of Proposed Board Funding Final Rules for Allocation of the Board's Accounting Support Fee Among Issuers, Brokers, and Dealers, and Other... 2002 (the ``Act''), notice is hereby given that on June 21, 2011, the Public Company Accounting...

  20. Pattern recognition for Space Applications Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Singley, M. E.

    1984-01-01

    Results and conclusions are presented on the application of recent developments in pattern recognition to spacecraft star mapping systems. Sensor data for two representative starfields are processed by an adaptive shape-seeking version of the Fc-V algorithm with good results. Cluster validity measures are evaluated, but not found especially useful to this application. Recommendations are given two system configurations worthy of additional study,

  1. Process comparison study. MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund (CDDF)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golden, T.; Krawiec, J.

    1992-01-01

    A process comparison study was conducted using four different advanced manufacturing techniques to fabricate a composite solid rocket booster systems tunnel cover. Costs and labor hours were tracked to provide the comparison between the processes. A relative structural comparison of the components is also included. The processes utilized included filament winding, pultrusion, automated tape laying, and thermoplastic thermoforming. The hand layup technique is also compared. Of the four advanced processes evaluated, the thermoformed thermoplastic component resulted in the least total cost. The automated tape laying and filament winding techniques closely followed the thermoplastic component in terms of total cost; and, these techniques show the most promise for high quality components and lower production costs. The pultruded component, with its expensive tooling and material requirements, was by far the most expensive process evaluated, although the results obtained would not be representative of large production runs.

  2. Process comparison study. MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund (CDDF)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golden, T.; Krawiec, J.

    1992-11-01

    A process comparison study was conducted using four different advanced manufacturing techniques to fabricate a composite solid rocket booster systems tunnel cover. Costs and labor hours were tracked to provide the comparison between the processes. A relative structural comparison of the components is also included. The processes utilized included filament winding, pultrusion, automated tape laying, and thermoplastic thermoforming. The hand layup technique is also compared. Of the four advanced processes evaluated, the thermoformed thermoplastic component resulted in the least total cost. The automated tape laying and filament winding techniques closely followed the thermoplastic component in terms of total cost; and, these techniques show the most promise for high quality components and lower production costs. The pultruded component, with its expensive tooling and material requirements, was by far the most expensive process evaluated, although the results obtained would not be representative of large production runs.

  3. 45 CFR 98.61 - Allotments from the Discretionary Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block Grant, less amounts reserved for technical assistance and... seq) an amount up to two percent of the amount appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block... Section 98.61 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE...

  4. 45 CFR 98.61 - Allotments from the Discretionary Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block Grant, less amounts reserved for technical assistance and... seq) an amount up to two percent of the amount appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block... Section 98.61 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE...

  5. 45 CFR 98.61 - Allotments from the Discretionary Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block Grant, less amounts reserved for technical assistance and... seq) an amount up to two percent of the amount appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block... Section 98.61 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE...

  6. 75 FR 52054 - Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-24

    ... 2-New York, Administrator, Region 7-Kansas One Bowling Green, Room 429, New City, MO, 901 Locust... Metropolitan Office, Region 2-New York, One Bowling Green, Room 428, New York, NY 10004-1415, Tel....

  7. The new MSFC Solar vector magnetograph. Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hagyard, M. J.; West, E. A.; Cumings, N. P.

    1984-01-01

    The unique MSFC solar vector magnetograph allows measurements of all three components of the Sun's photospheric magnetic field over a wide field-of-view with spatial resolution determined by a 2.7 x 2.7 arc second pixel size. This system underwent extensive modifications to improve its sensitivity and temporal response. The modifications included replacing an SEC vidicon detector with a solid-state CCD camera; replacing the original digital logic circuitry with an electronic controller and a computer to provide complete, programmable control over the entire operation of the magnetograph; and installing a new polarimeter which consists of a single electro-optical modulator coupled with interchangeable waveplates mounted on a rotating assembly. The system is described and results of calibrations and tests are presented. Initial observations of solar magnetic fields with the new magnetograph are presented.

  8. 45 CFR 98.61 - Allotments from the Discretionary Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block Grant, less amounts reserved for technical assistance and... seq) an amount up to two percent of the amount appropriated for the Child Care and Development Block... Section 98.61 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND...

  9. Director's Discretionary Fund Report for Fiscal Year 1996

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    Topics covered include: Waterproofing the Space Shuttle tiles, thermal protection system for Reusable Launch Vehicles, computer modeling of the thermal conductivity of cometary ice, effects of ozone depletion and ultraviolet radiation on plants, a novel telemetric biosensor to monitor blood pH on-line, ion mobility in polymer electrolytes for lithium-polymer batteries, a microwave-pumped far infrared photoconductor, and a new method for measuring cloud liquid vapor using near infrared remote sensing. Also included: laser-spectroscopic instrument for turbulence measurement, remote sensing of aircraft contrails using a field portable imaging interferometer, development of a silicon-micromachined gas chromatography system for determination of planetary surface composition, planar Doppler velocimetry, chaos in interstellar chemistry, and a limited pressure cycle engine for high-speed output.

  10. Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding: Final Report. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Jay; Lieberman, Joanne; Parrish, Tom; Kaleba, Daniel; Van Campen, James; Stullich, Stephanie

    The Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding (SERFF) examined the allocation and use of funds provided to school districts and schools through the Goals 2000 and five of the largest Elementary and Secondary Education Act programs for fiscal year 1997, corresponding to the 1997-1998 school year. The six federal programs included in this…

  11. Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding: Final Report. Technical Appendix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Jay; Lieberman, Joanne; Parrish, Tom; Kaleba, Daniel; Van Campen, James; Stullich, Stephanie

    The Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding (SERFF) examined the allocation and use of funds provided to school districts and schools through the Goals 2000 and five of the largest Elementary and Secondary Education Act programs for fiscal year 1997, corresponding to the 1997-1998 school year. The six federal programs included in this…

  12. Discretionary Fortification—A Public Health Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Valerie, Tarasuk

    2014-01-01

    Discretionary fortification’ refers to the addition of vitamins and minerals to foods at the discretion of manufacturers for marketing purposes, but not as part of a planned public health intervention. While the nutrients added may correspond to needs in the population, an examination of novel beverages sold in Toronto supermarkets revealed added nutrients for which there is little or no evidence of inadequacy in the population. This is consistent with the variable effects of manufacturer-driven fortification on nutrient adequacy observed in the US. Nutrient intakes in excess of Tolerable Upper Intake Levels are now observed in the context of supplement use and high levels of consumption of fortified foods. Expanding discretionary fortification can only increase nutrient exposures, but any health risks associated with chronically high nutrient loads from fortification and supplementation remain to be discovered. Regulatory bodies are focused on the establishment of safe levels of nutrient addition, but their estimation procedures are fraught with untested assumptions and data limitations. The task of determining the benefits of discretionary fortification is being left to consumers, but the nutrition information available to them is insufficient to allow for differentiation of potentially beneficial fortification from gratuitous nutrient additions. PMID:25329969

  13. Interim final guidance package on funding CERCLA State-enforcement actions at NPL sites

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-04-07

    The directive outlines requirements, conditions, and limitations for State funding under a CERCLA cooperative agreement of CERCLA enforcement actions at National Priorities List sites. The guidance is divided into four subcomponents: 9831.6 a, b, c, and d. The directive supersedes directive no. 9831.1-1a CERCLA Funding of State Oversight of Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs), dated October 1, 1986, and directive no. 9831.3 dated October 1, 1986 CERCLA Funding of State Enforcement Activities at NPL Sites, - Interim Draft Guidance.

  14. 78 FR 24786 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ... to refer to the program as ``TIGER Discretionary Grants,'' as this is the title with which most stakeholders are familiar. As with previous rounds of TIGER, funds for the FY 2013 TIGER program are to be... metropolitan area or a region. Through this notice, DOT is soliciting applications for TIGER Discretionary...

  15. 75 FR 30460 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-01

    ... notice for more information. However, DOT applicants may request funding for planning and capital... DOT for capital investments in surface transportation infrastructure. DOT refers to these grants as... the TIGER Discretionary Grants, TIGER II Discretionary Grants are for capital investments in surface...

  16. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... (a) Nondiscretionary SAE Funds. For each fiscal year, FNS shall allocate the following: (1) To each... programs. (b) Discretionary SAE Funds. For each fiscal year, FNS shall provide the following additional...) of this section bears to the amount allocated to all States under that paragraph. (c) SAE Funds...

  17. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... (a) Nondiscretionary SAE Funds. For each fiscal year, FNS shall allocate the following: (1) To each... programs. (b) Discretionary SAE Funds. For each fiscal year, FNS shall provide the following additional...) of this section bears to the amount allocated to all States under that paragraph. (c) SAE Funds...

  18. 29 CFR 2200.91 - Discretionary review; petitions for discretionary review; statements in opposition to petitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... it can be given. A petition for discretionary review may be conditional, and may state that review is... petition should state why review should be directed, including: Whether the Judge's decision raises an.... A petition should concisely state the portions of the decision for which review is sought and...

  19. Funding, Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altman, Micah

    2009-01-01

    I show herein how to develop fundable proposals to support your research. Although the proposal strategy I discuss is commonly used in successful proposals, most junior faculty (and many senior scholars) in political science and other social sciences seem to be unaware of it. I dispel myths about funding, and discuss how to find funders and target…

  20. Funding, Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altman, Micah

    2009-01-01

    I show herein how to develop fundable proposals to support your research. Although the proposal strategy I discuss is commonly used in successful proposals, most junior faculty (and many senior scholars) in political science and other social sciences seem to be unaware of it. I dispel myths about funding, and discuss how to find funders and target…

  1. 24 CFR 5.318 - Discretionary pet rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Discretionary pet rules. 5.318... Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities General Requirements § 5.318 Discretionary pet rules. Pet rules promulgated by project owners and...

  2. 24 CFR 5.318 - Discretionary pet rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Discretionary pet rules. 5.318... Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities General Requirements § 5.318 Discretionary pet rules. Pet rules promulgated by project owners and...

  3. 24 CFR 5.318 - Discretionary pet rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Discretionary pet rules. 5.318... Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities General Requirements § 5.318 Discretionary pet rules. Pet rules promulgated by project owners and...

  4. 24 CFR 5.318 - Discretionary pet rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Discretionary pet rules. 5.318... Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities General Requirements § 5.318 Discretionary pet rules. Pet rules promulgated by project owners and...

  5. 43 CFR 426.3 - Conformance to the discretionary provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conformance to the discretionary provisions. 426.3 Section 426.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ACREAGE LIMITATION RULES AND REGULATIONS § 426.3 Conformance to the discretionary provisions. (a) Districts that are...

  6. 7 CFR 1.19 - Exemptions and discretionary release.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Exemptions and discretionary release. 1.19 Section 1.19 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Official Records § 1.19 Exemptions and discretionary release. (a) All agency records, except those specifically...

  7. 7 CFR 1.19 - Exemptions and discretionary release.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemptions and discretionary release. 1.19 Section 1.19 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Official Records § 1.19 Exemptions and discretionary release. (a) All agency records, except those specifically...

  8. 43 CFR 426.3 - Conformance to the discretionary provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... the discretionary provisions and the landholder is: (1) Other than a nonresident alien or a legal... indirectly held lands in districts that conform to the discretionary provisions. (2) A nonresident alien, or..., United States citizens, resident aliens, or legal entities established under State or Federal law, can...

  9. 29 CFR 1954.3 - Exercise of Federal discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. 1954.3 Section... § 1954.3 Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. (a)(1) When a State plan is approved under section..., exercise his authority under sections 5(a)(2), 8, 9, 10, 13 and 17 of the Act with respect to...

  10. 29 CFR 1954.3 - Exercise of Federal discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. 1954.3 Section... § 1954.3 Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. (a)(1) When a State plan is approved under section..., exercise his authority under sections 5(a)(2), 8, 9, 10, 13 and 17 of the Act with respect to...

  11. 29 CFR 1954.3 - Exercise of Federal discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. 1954.3 Section... § 1954.3 Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. (a)(1) When a State plan is approved under section..., exercise his authority under sections 5(a)(2), 8, 9, 10, 13 and 17 of the Act with respect to...

  12. 29 CFR 1954.3 - Exercise of Federal discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. 1954.3 Section... § 1954.3 Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. (a)(1) When a State plan is approved under section..., exercise his authority under sections 5(a)(2), 8, 9, 10, 13 and 17 of the Act with respect to...

  13. 29 CFR 1954.3 - Exercise of Federal discretionary authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. 1954.3 Section... § 1954.3 Exercise of Federal discretionary authority. (a)(1) When a State plan is approved under section..., exercise his authority under sections 5(a)(2), 8, 9, 10, 13 and 17 of the Act with respect to...

  14. Local Evaluation of Programs Funded under the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tashjian, Michael D.; Elliott, Barbara

    In September 1993 the U.S. Department of Education (ED) released a handbook to assist school- and community-based practitioners in designing and conducting evaluations of drug- and violence-prevention programs funded under the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act (DFSCA). A study was undertaken to assess the level of customer satisfaction with…

  15. Final Report: Pilot Region-Based Optimization Program for Fund-Lead Sites, EPA Region III

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This report describes a pilot study for a Region-based optimization program, implemented by a Regional Optimization Evaluation Team (ROET) that was conducted in U.S. EPA Region III at Fund-lead sites with pump-and-treat (P&T) systems.

  16. Bridges to Business. Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ironfield, Elaine

    Bridges to Business is a dual admissions program between Holyoke Community College (HCC) (Massachusetts) and the School of Management at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst (UMass). Established to attract, educate, and graduate linguistic minority students, the FIPSE-funded program addressed the major problems faced by limited English…

  17. National Project III, Elevating the Importance of Teaching. Fund Associate's Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seibert, Warren F.

    Purdue University's participation as a fund associate in National Project III (NP III) for elevating the importance of teaching has its origins in a flexible and diagnostic instructional evaluation system called "CAFETERIA." CAFETERIA services include test development, scoring, and analysis; social surveys on topics of importance in…

  18. The Federal Role in Funding Children's Television Programming. Volume 1: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mielke, Keith W.; And Others

    The United States Office of Education (USOE) policy in funding purposive television programing for children was investigated. Information and policy recommendations were gathered from existing sources in the general literature, USOE file materials, 10 single-topic commissioned papers, a 10-member advisory board, a Federal advisory group, and…

  19. 78 FR 21623 - Public Housing Assessment System (PHAS): Capital Fund Final Scoring Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-11

    ... with its 16 point value; ``it serves no useful purpose''; too much emphasis is placed on the occupancy... occupancy; the occupancy component of the management indicator is extremely important, with a 16 point value... Fund subsystem will still be present in subsequent fiscal years. This notice is only a...

  20. 77 FR 35757 - Final Priorities, Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria-Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-14

    ... improve instruction by informing performance- based compensation and other key human capital decisions... Department recognizes that there are many aspects of performance-based compensation and human capital... year (FY) 2012 and later years. We are taking this action so that TIF-funded performance-based...

  1. Survey of Postdoctorates at FFRDCs: Final Report [Federally Funded Research and Development Centers

    SciTech Connect

    Mulrow, Jeri

    2010-06-30

    The 2009 FFRDC survey collected the total number of postdocs employed by FFRDCs in the United States—categorized by source of support, citizenship, sex, and field of research—as of October 1, 2009. The universe for the 2009 GSS-FFRDC survey was the Master Government List of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. The 2009 survey also contacted the NIH’s Intramural Research Program because it employs the largest number of postdocs in the federal government. The FFRDC survey collected data via a web instrument. Topics included the type of support the postdocs received (federal and nonfederal), their sex, citizenship, race/ethnicity, and field of research.

  2. Administrative simplification: adoption of operating rules for health care electronic funds transfers (EFT) and remittance advice transactions. Interim final rule with comment period.

    PubMed

    2012-08-10

    This interim final rule with comment period implements parts of section 1104 of the Affordable Care Act which requires the adoption of operating rules for the health care electronic funds transfers (EFT) and remittance advice transaction.

  3. 76 FR 49458 - TRICARE; Hospital Outpatient Radiology Discretionary Appeal Adjustments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ... of the Secretary TRICARE; Hospital Outpatient Radiology Discretionary Appeal Adjustments AGENCY... hospitals of an opportunity for net adjusted payments for radiology services for which TRICARE payments were... radiology services specified in the regulation as being reimbursed under the allowable charge...

  4. Fees on health insurance policies and self-insured plans for the patient-centered outcomes research trust fund. Final regulations.

    PubMed

    2012-12-06

    This document contains final regulations that implement and provide guidance on the fees imposed by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on issuers of certain health insurance policies and plan sponsors of certain self-insured health plans to fund the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund. These final regulations affect the issuers and plan sponsors that are directed to pay those fees.

  5. The Politics of Performance Funding in Eight States: Origins, Demise, and Change. Final Report to the Lumina Foundation for Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dougherty, Kevin J.; Natow, Rebecca S.; Hare, Rachel J.; Jones, Sosanya M.; Vega, Blanca E.

    2011-01-01

    Despite the popularity of performance funding among policymakers and policy advocates, only half of all states have ever created a performance funding system for higher education. State performance funding systems have also been surprisingly unstable. Nearly half of those states that established performance funding systems for higher education…

  6. Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2009

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-10

    for research alone (net after operations and administration expenses), the FY2008 consolidated appropriations provided a $6.4 million increase above...research and development (R&D) funding of $147.0 billion in his FY2009 budget request to Congress, a $3.9 billion (2.7%) increase over the estimated FY2008...the Federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and

  7. Final report for the Department of Energy funded cooperative agreement ''Electronic Research Demonstration Project'' [University electronic research administration demonstration project

    SciTech Connect

    Rodman, John

    1998-07-31

    This is the final report for the Department of Energy (DOE) funded cooperative agreement ''Electronic Research Demonstration Project (DE-FC02-92ER35180)'' for the period August 1994-July 1998. The goal of the project, referred to as NewERA, was to demonstrate the use of open standards for electronic commerce to support research administration, otherwise referred to as Electronic Research Administration (ERA). The NewERA demonstration project provided a means to test interagency standards developed within the Federal Grant Electronic Commerce Committee, a group comprised of federal granting agencies. The NewERA program was initiated by DOE. NewERA was comprised of three separate, but related, ERA activities in preaward administration, postaward administration, and secure Internet commerce. The goal of New ERA was to demonstrate an open standard implementation of ERA using electronic data interchange, e-mail and Internet transaction security between grant applicants and DOE, along with t h e other participating agencies.

  8. 45 CFR 87.1 - Discretionary grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION EQUAL TREATMENT FOR FAITH-BASED..., the activities must be offered separately, in time or location, from the programs or services funded... receiving funds under any Department program shall, in the selection of service providers, discriminate...

  9. A Study of the Students and Programs Supported by General Fund Grants to School Districts for the Special Education of Handicapped Children. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young (Arthur) and Co., Portland, OR.

    Presented is the final report of an Oregon study (for the 1975-77 biennium) to determine existing funding patterns for state special education programs and to suggest alternative formulas for state reimbursement of school district expenditures for handicapped children. After an introduction, major study findings (such as the need for clarification…

  10. Montgomery County Public Schools Summer VIEW Program: A Transition-to-Work Program for Special Education Students Funded through the Job Training Partnership Act. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meissner, Margit

    This paper presents the final report on the 1988 High School Vocational Interest Exploration Workshop (VIEW) program of the Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools. The 4-week summer program, funded through the Job Training Partnership Act, involved Level 4 special education students, aged 14 to 19. The program provided 1-week minicourses in…

  11. 29 CFR 2700.70 - Petitions for discretionary review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... shall not be a matter of right but of the sound discretion of the Commission. Review by the Commission... principal authorities relied upon. Except by permission of the Commission and for good cause shown, petitions for discretionary review shall not exceed 35 pages. Except for good cause shown, no assignment...

  12. 29 CFR 2700.70 - Petitions for discretionary review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... shall not be a matter of right but of the sound discretion of the Commission. Review by the Commission... principal authorities relied upon. Except by permission of the Commission and for good cause shown, petitions for discretionary review shall not exceed 35 pages. Except for good cause shown, no assignment...

  13. 29 CFR 2700.70 - Petitions for discretionary review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... shall not be a matter of right but of the sound discretion of the Commission. Review by the Commission... principal authorities relied upon. Except by permission of the Commission and for good cause shown, petitions for discretionary review shall not exceed 35 pages. Except for good cause shown, no assignment...

  14. 28 CFR 90.50 - Indian tribal governments discretionary program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Indian tribal governments discretionary program. 90.50 Section 90.50 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST...) Indian tribal governments under the Violence Against Women Act do not need to have law enforcement...

  15. 29 CFR 530.204 - Discretionary denial or revocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Discretionary denial or revocation. 530.204 Section 530.204 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT OF HOMEWORKERS IN CERTAIN INDUSTRIES Denial/Revocation of Homeworker Employer Certificates § 530...

  16. 29 CFR 530.204 - Discretionary denial or revocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Discretionary denial or revocation. 530.204 Section 530.204 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT OF HOMEWORKERS IN CERTAIN INDUSTRIES Denial/Revocation of Homeworker Employer Certificates § 530...

  17. 12 CFR 324.405 - Mandatory and discretionary supervisory actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... section 23A(b) of the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 371c(b))); (F) Paying excessive compensation or... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Mandatory and discretionary supervisory actions... the depository institution is required to provide notice to the appropriate Federal banking agency;...

  18. Too Much Discretion: TMA Supports Banning Insurance Discretionary Clause.

    PubMed

    Conde, Crystal

    2010-02-01

    The Texas Office of Public Insurance Counsel, the Texas Medical Association, the American Heart Association, AARP, the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, and a Texas physician-lawmaker are upset about insurers' use of discretionary clauses. Such clauses give the companies free rein to interpret policy terms and evaluate a patient's claim for benefits however they choose.

  19. 14 CFR 77.41 - Discretionary review results.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Discretionary review results. 77.41 Section 77.41 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... review may include a request for comments and a review of all records from the initial aeronautical...

  20. Building Discretionary Authority in a Teacher Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Scott; Milner, Joseph O.

    2016-01-01

    This article reports on a teacher education program's use of "teaching rounds" and "action research" to build teacher candidates' "discretionary authority," the confidence to make their own teaching decisions rather than model their classroom choices solely on a mentor teacher's classroom pedagogy. Discretionary…

  1. Building Discretionary Authority in a Teacher Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Scott; Milner, Joseph O.

    2016-01-01

    This article reports on a teacher education program's use of "teaching rounds" and "action research" to build teacher candidates' "discretionary authority," the confidence to make their own teaching decisions rather than model their classroom choices solely on a mentor teacher's classroom pedagogy. Discretionary…

  2. 24 CFR 5.318 - Discretionary pet rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the pet deposit only to pay reasonable expenses directly attributable to the presence of the pet in... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Discretionary pet rules. 5.318... Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With...

  3. Research and Development in Industry: 1979. Funds, 1979. Scientists and Engineers, January 1980. Surveys of Science Resources Series. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

    This report analyzes data on research and development (R&D) performed by industry during 1979, examines historical trends for key R&D funding variables, and presents information on industry-employed R&D scientists and engineers. Areas addressed in the first section on R&D funds include: major R&D industries (aircraft/missiles,…

  4. 78 FR 35288 - Discretionary Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-12

    ... around their children's health care. F2F HICs were originally authorized under the Budget Deficit... made available in the form of a grant to current grantees (see below) during the budget period of 6/1... approached and continued funding was not provided in the President's Budget for FY 2013, MCHB prepared...

  5. State Practices in Managing Part B Funds. A Report of Survey Information Collected by the National Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Glenn; Cummings, Veda

    The document summarizes data collected from 40 State Education Agency Part B administrators responding to a survey asking states to report information relative to the Local Education Agency application process, management of flo-thru of Part B funds, management of incentive grant funds, use of discretionary Part B funds, and promotion of inservice…

  6. Dietary Salt Intake and Discretionary Salt Use in Two General Population Samples in Australia: 2011 and 2014.

    PubMed

    Nowson, Caryl; Lim, Karen; Grimes, Carley; O'Halloran, Siobhan; Land, Mary Anne; Webster, Jacqui; Shaw, Jonathan; Chalmers, John; Smith, Wayne; Flood, Victoria; Woodward, Mark; Neal, Bruce

    2015-12-16

    The limited Australian measures to reduce population sodium intake through national initiatives targeting sodium in the food supply have not been evaluated. The aim was, thus, to assess if there has been a change in salt intake and discretionary salt use between 2011 and 2014 in the state of Victoria, Australia. Adults drawn from a population sample provided 24 h urine collections and reported discretionary salt use in 2011 and 2014. The final sample included 307 subjects who participated in both surveys, 291 who participated in 2011 only, and 135 subjects who participated in 2014 only. Analysis included adjustment for age, gender, metropolitan area, weekend collection and participation in both surveys, where appropriate. In 2011, 598 participants: 53% female, age 57.1(12.0)(SD) years and in 2014, 442 participants: 53% female, age 61.2(10.7) years provided valid urine collections, with no difference in the mean urinary salt excretion between 2011: 7.9 (7.6, 8.2) (95% CI) g/salt/day and 2014: 7.8 (7.5, 8.1) g/salt/day (p = 0.589), and no difference in discretionary salt use: 35% (2011) and 36% (2014) reported adding salt sometimes or often/always at the table (p = 0.76). Those that sometimes or often/always added salt at the table and when cooking had 0.7 (0.7, 0.8) g/salt/day (p = 0.0016) higher salt excretion. There is no indication over this 3-year period that national salt reduction initiatives targeting the food supply have resulted in a population reduction in salt intake. More concerted efforts are required to reduce the salt content of manufactured foods, together with a consumer education campaign targeting the use of discretionary salt.

  7. Dietary Salt Intake and Discretionary Salt Use in Two General Population Samples in Australia: 2011 and 2014

    PubMed Central

    Nowson, Caryl; Lim, Karen; Grimes, Carley; O’Halloran, Siobhan; Land, Mary Anne; Webster, Jacqui; Shaw, Jonathan; Chalmers, John; Smith, Wayne; Flood, Victoria; Woodward, Mark; Neal, Bruce

    2015-01-01

    The limited Australian measures to reduce population sodium intake through national initiatives targeting sodium in the food supply have not been evaluated. The aim was, thus, to assess if there has been a change in salt intake and discretionary salt use between 2011 and 2014 in the state of Victoria, Australia. Adults drawn from a population sample provided 24 h urine collections and reported discretionary salt use in 2011 and 2014. The final sample included 307 subjects who participated in both surveys, 291 who participated in 2011 only, and 135 subjects who participated in 2014 only. Analysis included adjustment for age, gender, metropolitan area, weekend collection and participation in both surveys, where appropriate. In 2011, 598 participants: 53% female, age 57.1(12.0)(SD) years and in 2014, 442 participants: 53% female, age 61.2(10.7) years provided valid urine collections, with no difference in the mean urinary salt excretion between 2011: 7.9 (7.6, 8.2) (95% CI) g/salt/day and 2014: 7.8 (7.5, 8.1) g/salt/day (p = 0.589), and no difference in discretionary salt use: 35% (2011) and 36% (2014) reported adding salt sometimes or often/always at the table (p = 0.76). Those that sometimes or often/always added salt at the table and when cooking had 0.7 (0.7, 0.8) g/salt/day (p = 0.0016) higher salt excretion. There is no indication over this 3-year period that national salt reduction initiatives targeting the food supply have resulted in a population reduction in salt intake. More concerted efforts are required to reduce the salt content of manufactured foods, together with a consumer education campaign targeting the use of discretionary salt. PMID:26694459

  8. Final Sequestration Report for Fiscal Year 2015

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    Deficit Control Act of 1985 to reinstate caps on discretionary budget authority. The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 canceled automatic spending...JANUARY 2015Final Sequestration Report for Fiscal Year 2015The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) is required by law to issue a report within 10...days of the end of a session of Congress that provides estimates of the limits (often called “caps”) on discretionary budget authority in effect for

  9. Federalism, entitlements, and discretionary grants: the fiscal context of national support for immunization programs.

    PubMed

    Miller, V J

    2000-10-01

    This paper defines the appropriation and resource allocation structure of federal government programs that deliver vaccines to the public through state and local governments, with a special focus on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Section 317 program. The paper places these programs in the context of the overall intergovernmental finance system of the United States, and the manner in which that system has responded to societal changes in other areas, such as unemployment insurance and environmental protection. The paper concludes that a changing environment for vaccine financing, and uncertain appropriations for state government immunization infrastructure, may have made the current CDC Section 317 program inadequate. Increased entitlement resources for federally funded vaccines have not been matched with increased and stable resources for the balance of program costs. To the contrary, funding provided to the Section 317 program has proven unstable, and its discretionary appropriations have proven vulnerable to both executive and legislative branch earmarking for such activities as overseas disease eradication or home state earmarking by congressional appropriations subcommittee members. In addition, the rigidity of some CDC program requirements makes it difficult for states to effectively use program funds. Consideration should be given to strengthening the Section 317 program and its relationships to other federal aid programs to ensure that adequate immunization protections are provided in all states to adequately protect all citizens.

  10. 42 CFR 54a.11 - Effect on State and local funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... DISCRETIONARY FUNDING UNDER TITLE V OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT, 42 U.S.C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES § 54a.11 Effect on State and local funds. If a State or...

  11. 42 CFR 54a.11 - Effect on State and local funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... DISCRETIONARY FUNDING UNDER TITLE V OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT, 42 U.S.C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES § 54a.11 Effect on State and local funds. If a State or...

  12. 42 CFR 54a.11 - Effect on State and local funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... DISCRETIONARY FUNDING UNDER TITLE V OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT, 42 U.S.C. 290aa, ET SEQ., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES § 54a.11 Effect on State and local funds. If a State or...

  13. 42 CFR 54a.11 - Effect on State and local funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... DISCRETIONARY FUNDING UNDER TITLE V OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT, 42 U.S.C. 290aa, et seq., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES § 54a.11 Effect on State and local funds. If a State or...

  14. 42 CFR 54a.11 - Effect on State and local funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... DISCRETIONARY FUNDING UNDER TITLE V OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT, 42 U.S.C. 290aa, et seq., FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT SERVICES § 54a.11 Effect on State and local funds. If a State or...

  15. Community College Funding 2008-09. Enrollment Growth Outpaces Resources. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Brian; Leichty, Julian

    2009-01-01

    California community colleges are expected to provide a broad range of affordable educational opportunities to an increasing number of students, but the current system does not have sufficient funding to serve them all well. This report describes present budgetary sources and explains that colleges receive mostly discretionary funding. With the…

  16. The politics of discretionary Medicaid spending, 1980-1993.

    PubMed

    Kousser, Thad

    2002-08-01

    Why do some states choose to spend more than four times as much as others to provide health care to the disadvantaged? Political scientists who have traditionally explored this question by analyzing trends in overall Medicaid expenditures lumped states' discretionary spending in with other money that states are mandated to spend. Analyses of total expenditures found that socioeconomic factors drove spending but that party control of state legislatures made no difference in health policy making. By isolating discretionary state Medicaid expenditures from total spending figures, I reexamine the influences of political as well as economic and demographic factors. The often-doubted importance of party control becomes clear. This study investigates spending patterns in the discretionary portions of state Medicaid programs in forty-six states from 1980 to 1993 and analyzes both incremental program changes and absolute differences in state spending. To discover how greatly the researcher's choice of dependent variables can affect results, optional spending is separated from total spending levels and the variation is modeled in both. Focusing not on the spending that the federal government requires of state officials but on the policies that state officials actually choose allows a balanced exploration of both political and economic effects on welfare expenditures. This research also provides new insights about which forces will shape policy decisions if more and more control of the public health care system is devolved to the states.

  17. Mission, Enrollment and Staffing Patterns, Funding Procedures, and Administration and Governance. The North Carolina Community College Study. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Junius A.; And Others

    The study described in this report was conducted by by the Research Triangle Institute as an inquiry into the staffing patterns, funding allocation formulas and procedures, enrollment trends, and mission and governance of the North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS) and its 58 institutions. Section I of the report provides an introduction…

  18. Report: Final Audit of Financial Statements of Nevada Drinking Water State Revolving Fund for the year ended June 30, 2001

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Report #2003-1-00048, Jan 21, 2003. The Program’s financial statements are presented as an enterprise fund using the accrual method of accounting whereby revenues are recorded when earned and expenses are recorded when the related liability is incurred.

  19. 1982 HHS/LIHEAP funds used for weatherization. An analysis of data from twenty states: Task A. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-05-01

    During the Summer and Fall of 1982, Arawak Consulting Corporation monitored a number of program management functions of the Low Income Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) in the 20 states under the jurisdiction of the DOE Chicago Operations Office. The monitoring included on-site visits to all 20 state grantees and 85 randomly selected local subgrantees. Although the monitoring was designed to focus only on the DOE funded program, it soon became apparent that funds from the Department of Health and Human Services' Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) often had a significant effect on the scope and mode of operation of the weatherization program. As a result of these and other outcomes, DOE asked Arawak to further study the impact of HHS funds on the Weatherization Assistance Program in the same 20 states. This report is the result of that request. It draws on information collected during the monitoring visits which were conducted from mid-July to mid-October 1982, and on additional information obtained in telephone interviews during the last two weeks of February 1983.

  20. Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2009

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-15

    homeland security bioterrorism activities.43 The amended request after transfers is $800.5 million, a$14.7 million increase (nearly 2%) above the FY2008...development (R&D) funding of $147.0 billion in his FY2009 budget request to Congress, a $3.9 billion (2.7%) increase over the estimated FY2008 level of...D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. A

  1. Grantmaking at ED: Answers to Your Questions about the Discretionary Grants Process. Fourth Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This publication provides a nontechnical summary of the U.S. Department of Education's discretionary grants process and the laws and regulations that govern it. This document is intended for individuals and organizations that are interested in applying to the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) for discretionary grants and cooperative…

  2. 28 CFR 38.1 - Discretionary grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Discretionary grants, contracts, and... FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS § 38.1 Discretionary grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements. (a... affiliation. As used in this section, “program” refers to a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement...

  3. 34 CFR 367.21 - How does the Secretary evaluate an application for a discretionary grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true How does the Secretary evaluate an application for a... a Competitive Basis? § 367.21 How does the Secretary evaluate an application for a discretionary grant? (a) The Secretary evaluates an application for a discretionary grant on the basis of the criteria...

  4. 34 CFR 367.21 - How does the Secretary evaluate an application for a discretionary grant?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Secretary evaluate an application for a... a Competitive Basis? § 367.21 How does the Secretary evaluate an application for a discretionary grant? (a) The Secretary evaluates an application for a discretionary grant on the basis of the criteria...

  5. 12 CFR 703.5 - Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers. 703.5 Section 703.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS INVESTMENT AND DEPOSIT ACTIVITIES § 703.5 Discretionary control over investments and...

  6. 12 CFR 703.5 - Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers. 703.5 Section 703.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS INVESTMENT AND DEPOSIT ACTIVITIES § 703.5 Discretionary control over investments and...

  7. 12 CFR 703.5 - Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers. 703.5 Section 703.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS INVESTMENT AND DEPOSIT ACTIVITIES § 703.5 Discretionary control over investments and...

  8. 12 CFR 703.5 - Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers. 703.5 Section 703.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS INVESTMENT AND DEPOSIT ACTIVITIES § 703.5 Discretionary control over investments and...

  9. 12 CFR 703.5 - Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Discretionary control over investments and investment advisers. 703.5 Section 703.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS INVESTMENT AND DEPOSIT ACTIVITIES § 703.5 Discretionary control over investments and...

  10. 7 CFR 3015.158 - Competition in the awarding of discretionary grants and cooperative agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Competition in the awarding of discretionary grants... ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS Application for Federal Assistance § 3015.158 Competition in the awarding of discretionary grants and cooperative agreements. (a) Standards for competition. Except as provided in...

  11. 7 CFR 3015.158 - Competition in the awarding of discretionary grants and cooperative agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Competition in the awarding of discretionary grants... ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS Application for Federal Assistance § 3015.158 Competition in the awarding of discretionary grants and cooperative agreements. (a) Standards for competition. Except as provided in...

  12. 12 CFR 747.2002 - Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. 747.2002 Section 747.2002 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION... § 747.2002 Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. (a) Notice of intent to issue...

  13. 12 CFR 747.2002 - Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. 747.2002 Section 747.2002 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION... § 747.2002 Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. (a) Notice of intent to issue...

  14. 12 CFR 747.2002 - Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. 747.2002 Section 747.2002 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION... § 747.2002 Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. (a) Notice of intent to issue...

  15. 12 CFR 747.2002 - Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. 747.2002 Section 747.2002 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION... § 747.2002 Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. (a) Notice of intent to issue...

  16. 12 CFR 747.2002 - Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. 747.2002 Section 747.2002 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION... § 747.2002 Review of orders imposing discretionary supervisory action. (a) Notice of intent to issue...

  17. 3 CFR - Freeze on Discretionary Awards, Bonuses, and Similar Payments for Federal Political Appointees

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Freeze on Discretionary Awards, Bonuses, and Similar... August 3, 2010 Freeze on Discretionary Awards, Bonuses, and Similar Payments for Federal Political... this memorandum in the Federal Register.BARACK OBAMATHE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, August 3, 2010. ...

  18. 7 CFR 1700.107 - Considerations relevant to the exercise of SUTA discretionary provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Considerations relevant to the exercise of SUTA... Trust Areas § 1700.107 Considerations relevant to the exercise of SUTA discretionary provisions. (a) In... applicants as a means to exercise a discretionary authority under this subpart. (2) The Administrator...

  19. 7 CFR 1700.107 - Considerations relevant to the exercise of SUTA discretionary provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Considerations relevant to the exercise of SUTA... Trust Areas § 1700.107 Considerations relevant to the exercise of SUTA discretionary provisions. (a) In... applicants as a means to exercise a discretionary authority under this subpart. (2) The Administrator...

  20. The Daily Lives of Adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: Discretionary Time Use and Activity Partners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orsmond, Gael I.; Kuo, Hsin-Yu

    2011-01-01

    This study explores the daily lives, particularly discretionary time, of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We describe the activities and activity partners of adolescents, the factors associated with their discretionary time use, and the impact of time use on their autism symptoms. Mothers of 103 adolescents with an ASD completed…

  1. Achievements and bottlenecks in humanitarian demining EU-funded research: final results from the EC DELVE project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sahli, Hichem; Bruschini, Claudio; Van Kempen, Luc; Schleijpen, Ric; den Breejen, Eric

    2008-04-01

    The EC DELVE Support Action project has analyzed the bottlenecks in the transfer of Humanitarian Demining (HD) technology from technology development to the use in the field, and drawn some lessons learned, basing itself on the assessment of the European Humanitarian Demining Research and Technology Development (RTD) situation from early 1990 until 2006. The situation at the European level was analyzed with emphasis on activities sponsored by the European Commission (EC). This was also done for four European countries and Japan, with emphasis on national activities. The developments in HD during the last 10 years underline the fact that in a number of cases demining related developments have been terminated or at least put on hold. The study also showed that the funding provided by the EC under the Framework Program for RTD has led directly to the creation of an extensive portfolio of Humanitarian Demining technology development projects. The latter provided a range of research and supporting measures addressing the critical issues identified as a result of the regulatory policies developed in the field of Humanitarian Demining over the last ten years. However, the range of instruments available to the EC to finance the necessary research and development were limited, to pre-competitive research. The EC had no tools or programs to directly fund actual product development. As a first consequence, the EC funding program for development of technology for Humanitarian Demining unfortunately proved to be largely unsuitable for the small-scale development needed in a field where there is only a very limited market. As a second consequence, most of the research has been demonstrator-oriented. Moreover, the timeframe for RTD in Humanitarian Demining has not been sufficiently synchronized with the timeframe of the EC policies and regulations. The separation of the Mine Action and RTD funding streams in the EC did also negatively affect the take-up of new technologies. As a

  2. Discretionary power, lies, and broken trust: justification and discomfort.

    PubMed

    Potter, N

    1996-12-01

    This paper explores the relationship between the bonds of practitioner/patient trust and the notion of a justified lie. The intersection of moral theories on lying which prioritize right action with institutional discretionary power allows practitioners to dismiss, or at least not take seriously enough, the harm done when a patient's trust is betrayed. Even when a lie can be shown to be justified, the trustworthiness of the practitioner may be called into question in ways that neither theories of right action nor contemporary discourse in health care attends to adequately. I set out features of full trustworthiness along Aristotelian lines.

  3. Discretionary use of family practice information systems: an empirical examination in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Ada, Serkan; Bal, Canan Gamze; Çelik, Adnan; Akgemci, Tahir

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the antecedents and consequences of the discretionary use of the family practice information systems (FPIS) by family physicians in Turkey. A structured survey was conducted among family physicians located in Kahramanmaras, a southern province in Turkey. The partial least squares (PLS) method was used to analyse the survey data. Findings showed that (1) physicians' discretionary use of FPIS is positively related to their perceived value of patient care; (2) physicians' computer self-efficacy is positively related to their discretionary use of FPIS; (3) physicians' innovativeness in information technology (IT) is positively related to their computer self-efficacy; and (4) physicians' innovativeness in IT does not significantly impact on their discretionary use of FPIS. The present study's findings revealed that physicians should be adequately informed about the discretionary use of FPIS, and policies should be established to improve family physicians' understanding and competence of information systems, including computer self-efficacy.

  4. Responsibility of applicants for promoting objectivity in research for which public health service funding is sought and responsible prospective contractors. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2011-08-25

    This final rule implements changes to the regulations on the Responsibility of Applicants for Promoting Objectivity in Research for which Public Health Service Funding is Sought and Responsible Prospective Contractors. Since the promulgation of the regulations in 1995, biomedical and behavioral research and the resulting interactions among government, research Institutions, and the private sector have become increasingly complex. This complexity, as well as a need to strengthen accountability, led to changes that expand and add transparency to Investigators' disclosure of Significant Financial Interests (SFIs), enhance regulatory compliance and effective institutional oversight and management of Investigators' financial conflicts of interests, as well as increase the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) compliance oversight.

  5. NSR&D Program Fiscal Year 2015 Funded Research Stochastic Modeling of Radioactive Material Releases Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Andrus, Jason P.; Pope, Chad; Toston, Mary; Maas, Andrew

    2016-12-01

    easy to use supplemental tool to help improve risk understanding and support better informed decisions. The SODA development project was funded through a grant from the DOE Nuclear Safety Research and Development Program.

  6. The Drivers of Discretionary Utilization: Clinical History Versus Physician Supply.

    PubMed

    Ruhnke, Gregory W; Manning, Willard G; Rubin, David T; Meltzer, David O

    2017-05-01

    Because the effect of physician supply on utilization remains controversial, literature based on non-Medicare populations is sparse, and a physician supply expansion is under way, the potential for physician-induced demand across diverse populations is important to understand. A substantial proportion of gastrointestinal endoscopies may be inappropriate. The authors analyzed the impact of physician supply, practice patterns, and clinical history on esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD, defined as discretionary) among patients hospitalized with lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB). Among 34,344 patients hospitalized for LGIB from 2004 to 2009, 43.1% and 21.3% had a colonoscopy or EGD, respectively, during the index hospitalization or within 6 months after. Linking to the Dartmouth Atlas via patients' hospital referral region, gastroenterologist density and hospital care intensity (HCI) index were ascertained. Adjusting for age, gender, comorbidities, and race/education indicators, the association of gastroenterologist density, HCI index, and history of upper gastrointestinal disease with EGD was estimated using logistic regression. EGD was not associated with gastroenterologist density or HCI index, but was associated with a history of upper gastrointestinal disease (OR 2.30; 95% CI 2.17-2.43), peptic ulcer disease (OR 4.82; 95% CI 4.26-5.45), and liver disease (OR 1.34; 95% CI 1.18-1.54). Among patients hospitalized with LGIB, large variation in gastroenterologist density did not predict EGD, but relevant clinical history did, with association strengths commensurate with risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. In the scenario studied, no evidence was found that specialty physician supply increases will result in more discretionary care within commercially insured populations.

  7. 76 FR 12217 - Exempt Discretionary Program Grants (Section 5309) for Urban Circulator Systems

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ... transportation option that connects urban destinations and fosters the redevelopment of urban spaces into... Federal Transit Administration Exempt Discretionary Program Grants (Section 5309) for Urban Circulator Systems AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration (FTA), DOT. ] ACTION: Urban Circulator Systems Announcement...

  8. 28 CFR 90.51 - Program criteria for Indian tribal government discretionary grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... programs, including sexual assault and domestic violence victim services programs. Indian tribal government...) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments Discretionary Program § 90.51 Program criteria for Indian... prevention, identification, and response to cases involving violence against women. ...

  9. 28 CFR 90.51 - Program criteria for Indian tribal government discretionary grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... programs, including sexual assault and domestic violence victim services programs. Indian tribal government...) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments Discretionary Program § 90.51 Program criteria for Indian... prevention, identification, and response to cases involving violence against women. ...

  10. 28 CFR 90.51 - Program criteria for Indian tribal government discretionary grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... programs, including sexual assault and domestic violence victim services programs. Indian tribal government...) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments Discretionary Program § 90.51 Program criteria for Indian... prevention, identification, and response to cases involving violence against women. ...

  11. 28 CFR 90.51 - Program criteria for Indian tribal government discretionary grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... programs, including sexual assault and domestic violence victim services programs. Indian tribal government...) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments Discretionary Program § 90.51 Program criteria for Indian... prevention, identification, and response to cases involving violence against women. ...

  12. 17 CFR 240.15c1-7 - Discretionary accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Rules Relating to Over-The-Counter Markets § 240.15c1-7 Discretionary... transactions or purchase or sale which are excessive in size or frequency in view of the financial resources...

  13. Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-05

    Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the Historical Tables: 1940– 2017 , from the President’s FY2013 budget. Available at http...Service (PHS) Act for a special program on type 1 diabetes research; it also receives $8.2 million annually in discretionary funding for the National...Lung/Blood Institute (NHLBI) 3,073 3,076 3,075 3,085 2,901 Dental/Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) 410 408 410 409 387 Diabetes /Digestive/Kidney

  14. Enhancement of High-Speed Infrared Array Electronics (Center Director's Discretionary Fund)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sutherland, W. T.

    1996-01-01

    A state-of-the-art infrared detector was to be used as the sensor in a new spectrometer-camera for astronomical observations. The sensitivity of the detector required the use of low-noise, high-speed electronics in the system design. The key component in the electronic system was the pre-amplifier that amplified the low voltage signal coming from the detector. The system was designed based on the selection of the amplifier and that was driven by the maximum noise level, which would yield the desired sensitivity for the telescope system.

  15. Initial development of a high-pressure crystal growth facility: Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Szofran, F. R.; Lehoczky, S. L.; Cobb, S. D.; Gillies, D. C.

    1993-01-01

    A low-cost, flexible, high-pressure (600 psi) system for crystal growth and related thermophysical properties measurements was designed, assembled, and tested. The furnace system includes a magnetically coupled translation mechanism that eliminates the need for a high-pressure mechanical feedthru. The system is currently being used for continuing crystal growth experiments and thermophysical properties measurements on several material systems including Hg(1-x)Cd(x)Te, Hg(1-x)Zn(x)Te, and Hg(1-x)Zn(x)Se.

  16. 75 FR 30100 - FY 2010 Discretionary Livability Funding Opportunity: Alternatives Analysis Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    .... Through various initiatives and legislative changes over the last fifteen years, FTA has allowed and.... Description of Conceptual Alternatives. Applicants should provide a conceptual definition of a broad range of strategies for improving conditions in the corridor. For each alternative, the conceptual definition...

  17. Protein crystal nucleation kinetics using relative light-scattering techniques: Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pusey, Marc Lee

    1989-01-01

    Light-scattering intensity measurements are a sensitive method for following changes in the hydrodynamic radius of particles in solution. The approach used in this report utilizes the light-scattering intensity ratios of a polydisperse to a monodisperse system. By numerically modeling the process, and fitting the model curves to the data, estimates have been obtained for the dimerization equilibrium constant, the dimer + dimer yields tetramer equilibrium constant, and the association rate constant for the dimerization process.

  18. Inverting the Pendulum Using Fuzzy Control (Center Director's Discretionary Fund (Project 93-02)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kissel, R. R.; Sutherland, W. T.

    1997-01-01

    A single pendulum was simulated in software and then built on a rotary base. A fuzzy controller was used to show its advantages as a nonlinear controller since bringing the pendulum inverted is extremely nonlinear. The controller was implemented in a Motorola 6811 microcontroller. A double pendulum was simulated and fuzzy control was used to hold it in a vertical position. The double pendulum was not built into hardware for lack of time. This project was for training and to show advantages of fuzzy control.

  19. The Use of Ferrofluids to Model Materials Processing (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leslie, F.; Ramachandran, N.

    2000-01-01

    Many crystals grown in space have structural flaws believed to result from convective motions during the growth phase. The character of these instabilities is not well understood but is associated with thermal and solutal density variations near the solidification interface in the presence of residual gravity and g-jitter. To study these instabilities in a separate, controlled space experiment, a concentration gradient would first have to be artificially established in a timely manner as an initial condition. This is generally difficult to accomplish in a microgravity environment because the momentum of the fluid injected into a test cell tends to swirl around and mix in the absence of a restoring force. The use of magnetic fields to control the motion and position of liquids has received recent, growing interest. The possibility of using the force exerted by a non-uniform magnetic field on a ferrofluid to not only achieve fluid manipulation but also to actively control fluid motion makes it an attractive candidate for space applications. This paper describes a technique for quickly establishing a linear or exponential fluid concentration gradient using a magnetic field in place of gravity to stabilize the deployment. Also discussed is a photometric technique for measuring the concentration profile using light attenuation. Although any range of concentrations can be realized, photometric constraints impose some limitations on measurements. Results of the ground-based experiments indicate that the species distribution is within 3 percent of the predicted value.

  20. Computer vision for real-time orbital operations. Center directors discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vinz, F. L.; Brewster, L. L.; Thomas, L. D.

    1984-01-01

    Machine vision research is examined as it relates to the NASA Space Station program and its associated Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (OMV). Initial operation of OMV for orbital assembly, docking, and servicing are manually controlled from the ground by means of an on board TV camera. These orbital operations may be accomplished autonomously by machine vision techniques which use the TV camera as a sensing device. Classical machine vision techniques are described. An alternate method is developed and described which employs a syntactic pattern recognition scheme. It has the potential for substantial reduction of computing and data storage requirements in comparison to the Two-Dimensional Fast Fourier Transform (2D FFT) image analysis. The method embodies powerful heuristic pattern recognition capability by identifying image shapes such as elongation, symmetry, number of appendages, and the relative length of appendages.

  1. Fabrication of high T(sub c) superconductor thin film devices: Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sisk, R. C.

    1992-01-01

    This report describes a technique for fabricating superconducting weak link devices with micron-sized geometries etched in laser ablated Y1Ba2Cu3O(x) (YBCO) thin films. Careful placement of the weak link over naturally occurring grain boundaries exhibited in some YBCO thin films produces Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices (SQUID's) operating at 77 K.

  2. 75 FR 74134 - State of Good Repair Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ... Mokhtee Ahmad, Regional Administrator, Region 2--New York, One Administrator, Region 7-- Bowling Green..., Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska. New York Metropolitan Office, Region 2-- New York, One Bowling...

  3. 76 FR 68819 - State of Good Repair Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-07

    ...--New York, Administrator, Region 7--Kansas One Bowling Green, Room 429, New City, MO, 901 Locust Street... Office, Region 2--New York, One Bowling Green, Room 428, New York, NY 10004-1415, Tel....

  4. 76 FR 78732 - FY 2011 Discretionary Funding Opportunity; Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities Veterans...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-19

    ...--New York, Administrator, Region 7--Kansas One Bowling Green, Room 429, New City, MO, 901 Locust Street... Office, Region 2--New York, One Bowling Green, Room 428, New York, NY 10004-1415, Tel....

  5. BIG MAC: A bolometer array for mid-infrared astronomy, Center Director's Discretionary Fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Telesco, C. M.; Decher, R.; Baugher, C.

    1985-01-01

    The infrared array referred to as Big Mac (for Marshall Array Camera), was designed for ground based astronomical observations in the wavelength range 5 to 35 microns. It contains 20 discrete gallium-doped germanium bolometer detectors at a temperature of 1.4K. Each bolometer is irradiated by a square field mirror constituting a single pixel of the array. The mirrors are arranged contiguously in four columns and five rows, thus defining the array configuration. Big Mac utilized cold reimaging optics and an up looking dewar. The total Big Mac system also contains a telescope interface tube for mounting the dewar and a computer for data acquisition and processing. Initial astronomical observations at a major infrared observatory indicate that Big Mac performance is excellent, having achieved the design specifications and making this instrument an outstanding tool for astrophysics.

  6. High Performance, Robust Control of Flexible Space Structures: MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whorton, M. S.

    1998-01-01

    Many spacecraft systems have ambitious objectives that place stringent requirements on control systems. Achievable performance is often limited because of difficulty of obtaining accurate models for flexible space structures. To achieve sufficiently high performance to accomplish mission objectives may require the ability to refine the control design model based on closed-loop test data and tune the controller based on the refined model. A control system design procedure is developed based on mixed H2/H(infinity) optimization to synthesize a set of controllers explicitly trading between nominal performance and robust stability. A homotopy algorithm is presented which generates a trajectory of gains that may be implemented to determine maximum achievable performance for a given model error bound. Examples show that a better balance between robustness and performance is obtained using the mixed H2/H(infinity) design method than either H2 or mu-synthesis control design. A second contribution is a new procedure for closed-loop system identification which refines parameters of a control design model in a canonical realization. Examples demonstrate convergence of the parameter estimation and improved performance realized by using the refined model for controller redesign. These developments result in an effective mechanism for achieving high-performance control of flexible space structures.

  7. Surface voltage gradient role in high voltage solar array-plasma interaction: Center Director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carruth, M. R., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    A large amount of experimental and analytical effort has been directed toward understanding the plasma sheath growth and discharge phenomena which lead to high voltage solar array-space plasma interactions. An important question which has not been addressed is how the surface voltage gradient on such an array may affect these interactions. The results of this study indicate that under certain conditions, the voltage gradient should be taken into account when evaluating the effect on a solar array operating in a plasma environment.

  8. A computer system to analyze showers in nuclear emulsions: Center Director's discretionary fund report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meegan, C. A.; Fountain, W. F.; Berry, F. A., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    A system to rapidly digitize data from showers in nuclear emulsions is described. A TV camera views the emulsions though a microscope. The TV output is superimposed on the monitor of a minicomputer. The operator uses the computer's graphics capability to mark the positions of particle tracks. The coordinates of each track are stored on a disk. The computer then predicts the coordinates of each track through successive layers of emulsion. The operator, guided by the predictions, thus tracks and stores the development of the shower. The system provides a significant improvement over purely manual methods of recording shower development in nuclear emulsion stacks.

  9. Fluid surface behavior in low gravity. Center discretionary fund no. 83-21

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leslie, F.; Gans, R. F.; Schafer, C.

    1985-01-01

    Measurements of rotating equilibrium bubble shapes in the low-gravity environment of a free-falling aircraft are presented. Emphasis is placed on bubbles which intersect the container boundaries. These data are compared with theoretical profiles derived from Laplace's formula and are in good agreement with the measurements. Two types of instability are explored. The first occurs when the baffle spacing is too large for the bubble to intersect both the top and bottom boundaries. The second occurs when the hydrostatic pressure beneath a displaced free surface does not compensate for pressure change due to capillary forces. The interface shape depends on the contact angle, the radius of intersection with container, and the parameter F which is a measure of the relative importance of centrifugal force to surface tension. For isolated bubbles, F has a maximum value of 1/2. A further increase in F causes the bubble to break contact with the axis of rotation. For large values of F, the bubble becomes more cylindrical and the capillary rise occurs over a thinner layer so that the small radius of curvature can generate enough pressure drop to balance the increased hydrostatic contribution.

  10. Re-examination of radiofrequency mass spectrometers: Center Director's Discretionary Fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carruth, M. R., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    The three-stage, two-cycle, Bennett mass spectrometers in use in space and ground experiments today are of the same physical configuration as developed by Bennett in 1950. Sine-wave radiofrequency (RF) is also still used. The literature indicates that the electronics and physical manufacturing capabilities of 1950 technology may have limited the use of other improvements at that time. Therefore, a study, experimental and analytical, was undertaken to examine previously rejected RF approaches as well as new ones. The results of this study indicate there are other approaches which use fewer grids and square wave or a combination of square-wave and sine-wave RF. In regard to suppression of harmonics, none performed better than the three-stage, two-cycle, Bennett mass spectrometer. Use of square-wave RF in the Bennett approach can provide a slightly more compact configuration but no increase in throughput.

  11. Processing of strong flux trapping high T(subc) oxide superconductors: Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, M. K.; Higgins, C. A.; Leong, P. T.; Chou, H.; Loo, B. H.; Curreri, P. A.; Peters, P. N.; Sisk, R. C.; Huang, C. Y.; Shapira, Y.

    1989-01-01

    Magnetic suspension effect was first observed in samples of YBa2Cu3O7/AgO(Y-123/AgO) composites. Magnetization measurements of these samples show a much larger hysteresis which corresponds to a large critical current density. In addition to the Y-123AgO composites, recently similar suspension effects in other RE-123/AgO, where RE stands for rare-Earth elements, were also observed. Some samples exhibit even stronger flux pinning than that of the Y-123/AgO sample. An interesting observation was that in order to form the composite which exhibits strong flux trapping effect the sintering temperature depends on the particular RE-123 compound used. The paper presents the detailed processing conditions for the formation of these RE-123/AgO composites, as well as the magnetization and critical field data.

  12. The Extended Range X-Ray Telescope center director's discretionary fund report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoover, R. B.; Cumings, N. P.; Hildner, E.; Moore, R. L.; Tandberg-Hanssen, E. A.

    1985-01-01

    An Extended Range X-Ray Telescope (ERXRT) of high sensitivity and spatial resolution capable of functioning over a broad region of the X-ray/XUV portion of the spectrum has been designed and analyzed. This system has been configured around the glancing-incidence Wolter Type I X-ray mirror system which was flown on the Skylab Apollo Telescope Mount as ATM Experiment S-056. Enhanced sensitivity over a vastly broader spectral range can be realized by the utilization of a thinned, back-illuminated, buried-channel Charge Coupled Device (CCD) as the X-ray/XUV detector rather than photographic film. However, to maintain the high spatial resolution inherent in the X-ray optics when a CCD of 30 micron pixel size is used, it is necessary to increase the telescope plate scale. This can be accomplished by use of a glancing-incidence X-ray microscope to enlarge and re-focus the primary image onto the focal surface of the CCD.

  13. Better DOE Controls Needed over Contractors’ Discretionary R and D Funds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-19

    Los Alamos National Laboratory . In...overrun by the Mesa project performed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory from January 1985 to February 1986. The 7 project, performed for Mesa...Office of Special Investigations investigated t]i, circumstances of a $1.8-million cost overrun for the Mesa project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory .

  14. Semiconductor crystal growth in crossed electric and magnetic fields: Center Director's Discretionary Fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mazuruk, K.; Volz, M. P.

    1996-01-01

    A unique growth cell was designed in which crossed electric and magnetic fields could be separately or simultaneously applied during semiconductor crystal growth. A thermocouple was inserted into an InSb melt inside the growth cell to examine the temperature response of the fluid to applied electromagnetic fields. A static magnetic field suppressed time-dependent convection when a destabilizing thermal field was applied. The simultaneous application of electric and magnetic fields resulted in forced convection in the melt. The InSb ingots grown in the cell were polycrystalline. An InGaSb crystal, 0.5 cm in diameter and 23-cm long, was grown without electromagnetic fields applied. The axial composition results indicated that complete mixing in the melt occurred for this large aspect ratio.

  15. 76 FR 59074 - State Fiscal Stabilization Fund Program and Discretionary and Other Formula Grant Programs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... public IHEs through such activities as: (1) Entering into data reciprocity agreements with private in... other activities; (2) entering into data reciprocity agreements with private in-State IHEs over which... data reciprocity agreements with geographically contiguous States or States with which it has...

  16. 77 FR 14587 - FY 2012 Discretionary Livability Funding Opportunity: Alternatives Analysis Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ... infrastructure investments that enhance the use of transit and other transportation options for the community. On... development, and improving our Nation's environment through investments in clean energy resources, have been... transportation, environmental protection, and housing investments. The Alternatives Analysis program will...

  17. 76 FR 13268 - FY 2011 Discretionary Funding Opportunity: Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-10

    ... public lands causes traffic delays and noise and air pollution that substantially detract from the... systems such as buses, trams and non-motorized trails in federally-managed parks and public lands. Federal land management agencies, as well as State, tribal and local governments acting with the consent of a...

  18. 75 FR 27109 - FY 2010 Discretionary Funding Opportunity: Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-13

    ... transportation systems such as buses and trams in federally-managed parks and public lands. Federal land management agencies, as well as State, tribal and local governments acting with the consent of a Federal land... proposal-specific information and issues or the appropriate land management agency (Appendix B) for the...

  19. Inductive Measurement of Plasma Jet Electrical Conductivity (MSFC Center Director's discretionary Fund). Part 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Turner, M. W.; Hawk, C. W.; Litchford, R. J.

    2001-01-01

    Measurement of plasma jet electrical conductivity has utility in the development of explosively driven magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) energy converters as well as magnetic flux compression reaction chambers for nuclear/chemical pulse propulsion and power. Within these types of reactors, the physical parameter of critical importance to underlying MHD processes is the magnetic Reynolds number, the value of which depends upon the product of plasma electrical conductivity and velocity. Therefore, a thorough understanding of MHD phenomena at high magnetic Reynolds number is essential, and methods are needed for the accurate and reliable measurement of electrical conductivity in high-speed plasma jets. It is well known that direct measurements using electrodes suffer from large surface resistance, and an electrodeless technique is desired. To address this need, an inductive probing scheme, originally developed for shock tube studies, has been adapted. In this method, the perturbation of an applied magnetic field by a plasma jet induces a voltage in a search coil, which, in turn, can be used to infer electrical conductivity through the inversion of a Fredholm integral equation of the first kind. A 1-in.-diameter probe using a light-gas gun. Exploratory laboratory experiments were carried out using plasma jets expelled from 15-g shaped charges. Measured conductivities were in the range of 4 kS/m for unseeded octol charges and 26 kS/m for seeded octol charges containing 2-percent potassium carbonate by mass.

  20. Trends and determinants of discretionary salt use: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2012.

    PubMed

    Quader, Zerleen S; Patel, Sheena; Gillespie, Cathleen; Cogswell, Mary E; Gunn, Janelle P; Perrine, Cria G; Mattes, Richard D; Moshfegh, Alanna

    2016-08-01

    To examine temporal trends and determinants of discretionary salt use in the USA. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess temporal trends in discretionary salt use at the table and during home cooking/preparation, adjusting for demographic characteristics, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2012. Prevalence and determinants of discretionary salt use in 2009-2012 were also examined. Participants answered salt use questions after completing a 24 h dietary recall in a mobile examination centre. Nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized US children and adults, aged ≥2 years. From 2003 to 2012, the proportion of the population who reported using salt 'very often' declined; from 18 % to 12 % for use at the table (P<0·01) and from 42 % to 37 % during home cooking (P<0·02). While one-third of the population reported never adding salt at the table, most used it during home cooking/preparation (93 %). Use of discretionary salt was least commonly reported among young children and older adults and demographic and health subgroups at risk of CVD. While most people reported using salt during home cooking/preparation, a minority reported use at the table. Reported 'very often' discretionary salt use has declined. That discretionary salt use is less common among those at risk of CVD suggests awareness of messages to limit Na intake.

  1. Mortality Risk Reductions from Substituting Screen Time by Discretionary Activities.

    PubMed

    Wijndaele, Katrien; Sharp, Stephen J; Wareham, Nicholas J; Brage, Søren

    2017-06-01

    Leisure screen time, including TV viewing, is associated with increased mortality risk. We estimated the all-cause mortality risk reductions associated with substituting leisure screen time with different discretionary physical activity types, and the change in mortality incidence associated with different substitution scenarios. A total of 423,659 UK Biobank participants, without stroke, myocardial infarction, or cancer history, were followed for 7.6 (1.4) yr, median (interquartile range [IQR]). They reported leisure screen time (TV watching and home computer use) and leisure/home activities, categorized as daily life activities (walking for pleasure, light do-it-yourself [DIY], and heavy DIY) and structured exercise (strenuous sports and other exercises). Isotemporal substitution modeling in Cox regression provided hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for all-cause mortality when substituting screen time (30 min·d) with different discretionary activity types of the same duration. Potential impact fractions estimated the proportional change in mortality incidence associated with different substitution scenarios. During 3,202,105 person-years of follow-up, 8928 participants died. Each 30-min·d difference in screen time was associated with lower mortality hazard when modeling substitution of screen time by an equal amount of daily life activities (0.95, 0.94-0.97), as well as structured exercise (0.87, 0.84-0.90). Reallocations from screen time into specific activity subtypes suggested different reductions in mortality hazard: walking for pleasure (0.95, 0.92-0.98), light DIY (0.97, 0.94-1.00), heavy DIY (0.93, 0.90-0.96), strenuous sports (0.87, 0.79-0.95), and other exercises (0.88, 0.84-0.91). The lowest hazard estimates were found when modeling replacement of TV viewing. Potential impact fractions ranged from 4.3% (30-min·d substitution of screen time into light DIY) to 14.9% (TV viewing into strenuous sports). Substantial public health benefits could be

  2. Tolerance, Professional Judgment, and the Discretionary Space of the Physician.

    PubMed

    Sulmasy, Daniel P

    2017-01-01

    Arguments against physicians' claims of a right to refuse to provide tests or treatments to patients based on conscientious objection often depend on two premises that are rarely made explicit. The first is that the protection of religious liberty (broadly construed) should be limited to freedom of worship, assembly, and belief. The second is that because professions are licensed by the state, any citizen who practices a licensed profession is required to provide all the goods and services determined by the profession to fall within the scope of practice of that professional specialty and permitted by the state, regardless of any personal religious, philosophical, or moral objection. In this article, I argue that these premises ought to be rejected, and therefore the arguments that depend on them ought also to be rejected. The first premise is incompatible with Locke's conception of tolerance, which recognizes that fundamental, self-identifying beliefs affect public as well as private acts and deserve a broad measure of tolerance. The second premise unduly (and unrealistically) narrows the discretionary space of professional practice to an extent that undermines the contributions professions ought to be permitted to make to the common good. Tolerance for conscientious objection in the public sphere of professional practice should not be unlimited, however, and the article proposes several commonsense, Lockean limits to tolerance for physician claims of conscientious objection.

  3. School Improvement Grants: Selected States Generally Awarded Funds Only to Eligible Schools. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Final Audit Report. ED-OIG/A05L0002

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This final audit report covers the results of the review of five State educational agencies' monitoring plans and awarding processes for American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and regular School Improvement Grants funds that the State educational agencies awarded for fiscal year 2009 (for use during school year 2010-2011). The objectives…

  4. Drugs and discretionary power in prisons: The officer's perspective.

    PubMed

    Kolind, Torsten

    2015-09-01

    Drugs play an increasing role in contemporary prison life. Prisoners' drug use, drug smuggling and drug selling have also had a growing impact on the work routines and practices of prison officers. This has led to critiques that prison staff have become 'too lenient' regarding drug use. Based on observational data, qualitative interviews and survey data, this study examines the role of drugs in the way Danish prison officers exercise power. Two forms of power are analysed: institutional power, by which the officers can sanction or reward inmates in everyday prison life, and personal power, by which the officers' personal authority and skills can reduce the more intrusive aspects of prison control. These forms of power are applied by officers' use of discretion in order to maintain what they consider to be adequate levels of peace and order in the prison wings. It is shown that officers are highly ambivalent towards the presence of drugs in prisons. On the one hand, they support the stricter drug policies implemented over the past two decades. On the other hand, they are aware that drug use can have a positive function in the everyday running of the prison. Officers' acceptance of inmates' drug use (mainly cannabis), therefore, is not necessarily a sign of leniency but one way in which prison officers exercise their power in prison settings. It is concluded that discretionary power is still very central to the officers' work. This conclusion contradicts recent arguments that prison officers' agency is being threatened or restricted by 'neoliberal' management reforms. The prison officers' discretion and informal power is the key to understanding their acceptance of inmates' drug use. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. DCB Funding

    Cancer.gov

    The Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) funds and supports extramural basic research that investigates the fundamental biology behind cancer. Find out more about DCB's grants process and funding opportunities.

  6. Overconsumption of Energy and Excessive Discretionary Food Intake Inflates Dietary Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Australia.

    PubMed

    Hendrie, Gilly A; Baird, Danielle; Ridoutt, Brad; Hadjikakou, Michalis; Noakes, Manny

    2016-10-31

    Population dietary guidelines have started to include information about the environmental impacts of food choices, but more quantifiable evidence is needed, particularly about the impacts associated with discretionary foods. This paper utilised the 2011-2012 Australian Health Survey food intake data along with a highly disaggregated input-output model to estimate the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGe) of Australians' dietary intake, and compare current patterns of eating which vary in diet quality and GHGe to the recommended diet. The average dietary GHGe were 18.72 ± 12.06 and 13.73 ± 8.72 kg CO₂e/day for male and female adults, respectively. The correlation between total energy and GHGe was r = 0.54 (p < 0.001). Core foods contributed 68.4% and discretionary foods 29.4%. Within core foods, fresh meat and alternatives (33.9%) was the greatest contributor. The modelling of current dietary patterns showed the contribution of discretionary foods to GHGe was 121% greater in the average diet and 307% greater in the "lower quality, higher GHGe" diet compared to the recommended diet. Reducing discretionary food intake would allow for small increases in emissions from core foods (in particular vegetables, dairy and grains), thereby providing a nutritional benefit at little environmental expense. Public health messages that promote healthy eating, eating to one's energy needs and improved diet quality will also contribute to lowering GHGe.

  7. 18 CFR 401.115 - Discretionary disclosure by the Executive Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Discretionary disclosure by the Executive Director. 401.115 Section 401.115 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to...

  8. 78 FR 79471 - Discretionary Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Discretionary Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children; Notice of Meeting In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L....

  9. Overconsumption of Energy and Excessive Discretionary Food Intake Inflates Dietary Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Australia

    PubMed Central

    Hendrie, Gilly A.; Baird, Danielle; Ridoutt, Brad; Hadjikakou, Michalis; Noakes, Manny

    2016-01-01

    Population dietary guidelines have started to include information about the environmental impacts of food choices, but more quantifiable evidence is needed, particularly about the impacts associated with discretionary foods. This paper utilised the 2011–2012 Australian Health Survey food intake data along with a highly disaggregated input–output model to estimate the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGe) of Australians’ dietary intake, and compare current patterns of eating which vary in diet quality and GHGe to the recommended diet. The average dietary GHGe were 18.72 ± 12.06 and 13.73 ± 8.72 kg CO2e/day for male and female adults, respectively. The correlation between total energy and GHGe was r = 0.54 (p < 0.001). Core foods contributed 68.4% and discretionary foods 29.4%. Within core foods, fresh meat and alternatives (33.9%) was the greatest contributor. The modelling of current dietary patterns showed the contribution of discretionary foods to GHGe was 121% greater in the average diet and 307% greater in the “lower quality, higher GHGe” diet compared to the recommended diet. Reducing discretionary food intake would allow for small increases in emissions from core foods (in particular vegetables, dairy and grains), thereby providing a nutritional benefit at little environmental expense. Public health messages that promote healthy eating, eating to one’s energy needs and improved diet quality will also contribute to lowering GHGe. PMID:27809233

  10. 43 CFR 4.1270 - Petition for discretionary review of a proposed civil penalty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Petition for discretionary review of a proposed civil penalty. 4.1270 Section 4.1270 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the... Hearings and Appeals Appeals to the Board from Decisions Or Orders of Administrative Law Judges §...

  11. 18 CFR 401.115 - Discretionary disclosure by the Executive Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Discretionary disclosure by the Executive Director. 401.115 Section 401.115 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE... rights of persons in trade secrets, and the need for the Commission to promote frank internal...

  12. 18 CFR 401.115 - Discretionary disclosure by the Executive Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Discretionary disclosure by the Executive Director. 401.115 Section 401.115 Conservation of Power and Water Resources... rights of persons in trade secrets, and the need for the Commission to promote frank internal...

  13. 18 CFR 401.115 - Discretionary disclosure by the Executive Director.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Discretionary disclosure by the Executive Director. 401.115 Section 401.115 Conservation of Power and Water Resources... rights of persons in trade secrets, and the need for the Commission to promote frank internal...

  14. The effects of a discretionary food allowance during a caloric restriction regimen with provided food

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The effects of self-selected discretionary foods in a structured energy restricted diet on adherence to a caloric restriction (CR) regimen, dietary satisfaction, and weight loss were studied in 32 healthy, overweight (BMI 25-30 kg/m2) adults, aged 20-42y participating in the CALERIE trial. Subjects ...

  15. 78 FR 23770 - Establishment of the Discretionary Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-22

    ... Newborns and Children. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announces establishment of the Discretionary Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children. FOR FURTHER... Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children AGENCY: Health Resources and...

  16. 46 CFR 385.37 - Requirement for unrestricted solicitations for discretionary assistance awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Policy. It is MarAd policy to maximize the opportunity for prospective recipients to be considered for... of a written solicitation. When MarAd initiates the solicitation of applications or proposals, eligibility to be considered for discretionary awards will not be restricted by MarAd to one category...

  17. 46 CFR 385.37 - Requirement for unrestricted solicitations for discretionary assistance awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Policy. It is MarAd policy to maximize the opportunity for prospective recipients to be considered for... of a written solicitation. When MarAd initiates the solicitation of applications or proposals, eligibility to be considered for discretionary awards will not be restricted by MarAd to one category...

  18. A Profile of the Real World of Undergraduate Students and How They Spend Discretionary Time.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wade, Barbara K.

    This study examined how students at Pennsylvania State University chose to spend their discretionary time outside the structured classroom. A sample of 367 students (a 73% response) completed surveys (62% were from males) containing 19 questions classified in non-academic and academic categories. The three academic questions focused on amounts of…

  19. Discretionary time of Chinese college students: Activities and impact of SARS-induced constraints on choices

    Treesearch

    He Yang; Susan Hutchinson; Harry Zinn; Alan Watson

    2011-01-01

    How people make choices about activity engagement during discretionary time is a topic of increasing interest to those studying quality of life issues. Assuming choices are made to maximize individual welfare, several factors are believed to influence these choices. Constraints theory from the leisure research literature suggests these choices are heavily influenced by...

  20. Discretionary Time of Chinese College Students: Activities and Impact of SARS-Induced Constraints on Choices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, He; Hutchinson, Susan; Zinn, Harry; Watson, Alan

    2011-01-01

    How people make choices about activity engagement during discretionary time is a topic of increasing interest to those studying quality of life issues. Assuming choices are made to maximize individual welfare, several factors are believed to influence these choices. Constraints theory from the leisure research literature suggests these choices are…

  1. 12 CFR 1229.9 - Discretionary actions applicable to significantly undercapitalized Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... accordance with section 1366(b)(5)(B) of the Safety and Soundness Act (12 U.S.C. 4616(b)(5)(B)), who held... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Discretionary actions applicable to... under section 1377 of the Safety and Soundness Act (12 U.S.C. 4636a) and shall not be subject to...

  2. 12 CFR 1229.9 - Discretionary actions applicable to significantly undercapitalized Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... accordance with section 1366(b)(5)(B) of the Safety and Soundness Act (12 U.S.C. 4616(b)(5)(B)), who held... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Discretionary actions applicable to... under section 1377 of the Safety and Soundness Act (12 U.S.C. 4636a) and shall not be subject to...

  3. 12 CFR 1229.9 - Discretionary actions applicable to significantly undercapitalized Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... accordance with section 1366(b)(5)(B) of the Safety and Soundness Act (12 U.S.C. 4616(b)(5)(B)), who held... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Discretionary actions applicable to... under section 1377 of the Safety and Soundness Act (12 U.S.C. 4636a) and shall not be subject to...

  4. 38 CFR 1.553 - Public reading rooms and discretionary disclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Public reading rooms and....553 Public reading rooms and discretionary disclosures. (a) VA maintains a public reading room... reading room record will be redacted, for example, if its release would be a clearly unwarranted...

  5. Creating Accessibility to Education: The Role of School Staff's Discretionary Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barberis, Eduardo; Buchowicz, Izabela

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the role of school staff in the accessibility of education with a focus on professional discretion and its relation with institutions and contexts. Drawing on the street-level bureaucracy approach it looks into different types of discretionary practices and asks how their legitimacy influences their success. The analysis is…

  6. Discretionary Time of Chinese College Students: Activities and Impact of SARS-Induced Constraints on Choices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, He; Hutchinson, Susan; Zinn, Harry; Watson, Alan

    2011-01-01

    How people make choices about activity engagement during discretionary time is a topic of increasing interest to those studying quality of life issues. Assuming choices are made to maximize individual welfare, several factors are believed to influence these choices. Constraints theory from the leisure research literature suggests these choices are…

  7. Are Kids Too Busy? Early Adolescents' Perceptions of Discretionary Activities, Overscheduling, and Stress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Stephen L.; Nobiling, Brandye D.; Teufel, James; Birch, David A.

    2011-01-01

    Background: The activity patterns of children, especially after-school patterns, are receiving more professional attention. However, evidence regarding the value of various activities in children's lives is contradictory. The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions of discretionary activities, overscheduling, and levels of stress from…

  8. Teacher Layoffs, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement: Evidence from a Discretionary Layoff Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraft, Matthew A.

    2015-01-01

    Most teacher layoffs during the Great Recession were implemented following inverse-seniority policies. In this paper, I examine the implementation of a discretionary layoff policy in Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools. Administrators did not uniformly lay off the most or least senior teachers but instead selected teachers who were previously retired,…

  9. Teacher Layoffs, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement: Evidence from a Discretionary Layoff Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraft, Matthew A.

    2015-01-01

    Most teacher layoffs during the Great Recession were implemented following inverse-seniority policies. In this paper, I examine the implementation of a discretionary layoff policy in Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools. Administrators did not uniformly lay off the most or least senior teachers but instead selected teachers who were previously retired,…

  10. 78 FR 51195 - Discretionary Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Discretionary Advisory Committee on... or committees, was established to advise the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services... athletes, (3) a presentation on genome sequencing, (4) a panel on the Affordable Care Act, and (5) updates...

  11. Expanded HIV Screening in the U.S.: What Will It Cost Government Discretionary and Entitlement Programs? A Budget Impact Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Erika G.; Paltiel, A. David; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Schackman, Bruce R.

    2010-01-01

    Objective The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently revised their HIV screening guidelines to promote testing and earlier entry to care. Prior analyses have examined the policy’s cost-effectiveness but have not evaluated its impact on government budgets. Methods We used a simulation model of HIV screening, disease, and treatment to determine the budget impact of expanded HIV screening to US government discretionary, entitlement, and testing programs. We estimated total and incremental testing and treatment costs over a five-year time horizon under current and expanded screening scenarios. We used CDC estimates of HIV prevalence and annual incidence, and considered variations in screening frequency, test return rates, linkage to care, test characteristics, and eligibility for government screening and treatment programs. Results Under current practice, 177,000 new HIV cases will be identified over five years. Expanded screening will identify an additional 46,000 cases at an incremental five-year cost of $2.7 billion. The financial burden of expanded HIV screening will fall disproportionately on discretionary programs that fund care for newly identified patients and will not be offset by entitlement program savings. Testing will represent a small proportion (18%) of the total budget increase. Costs are sensitive to the frequency of screening and the proportion linked to care. Conclusions The expanded HIV screening program will have a large downstream impact on government programs that fund HIV care. Expanded HIV screening will not meet early treatment goals unless government programs have sufficient budgets to expand testing and provide care for newly-identified cases. PMID:20950323

  12. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and discretionary foods among US adults by purchase location.

    PubMed

    An, R; Maurer, G

    2016-12-01

    Excess calorie intake from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods occupies a significant proportion of Western diet. The aim of this study was to examine consumption of SSBs and discretionary foods in US adults by purchase location. Nationally representative 24-h dietary recall data came from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The discretionary food category identifies energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods that do not necessarily contain essential nutrients but may add variety and enjoyment. Linear regressions were performed to estimate daily calorie intake from SSBs and discretionary foods by purchase location (supermarket/grocery store, convenience store, vending machine, fast-food restaurant, full-service restaurant and other source), adjusting for individual characteristics and sampling design. During 2011-2012, 46.3% and 88.8% of US adults consumed SSBs and discretionary foods on any given day, respectively. SSB consumers on average consumed 213.0 kcal from SSBs daily, of which 111.6 kcal (52.4%) were purchased from supermarkets/grocery stores, 33.0 kcal (15.5%) from fast-food restaurants, 23.9 kcal (11.2%) from convenience stores, 17.1 kcal (8.0%) from full-service restaurants, 8.5 kcal (4.0%) from vending machines and 19.0 kcal (8.9%) from other sources. Discretionary food consumers on average consumed 439.0 kcal from discretionary foods daily, of which 280.1 kcal (63.8%) were purchased from supermarkets/grocery stores, 45.8 kcal (10.4%) from fast-food restaurants, 30.0 kcal (6.8%) from full-service restaurants, 21.1 kcal (4.8%) from convenience stores, 4.1 kcal (0.9%) from vending machines and 58.0 kcal (13.2%) from other sources. Supermarkets/grocery stores were by far the single largest source for SSB and discretionary food purchases in US adults.

  13. Nondefense Discretionary Science 2013 Survey: Unlimited Potential, Vanishing Opportunity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    produced astounding breakthroughs in every field of science, from astrophysics to zoology. A strong, sustained federal investment in scientists and...the decline in the federal investment in research makes it extremely difficult for young scientists to start and continue careers in science causing...training of young scientists. However, as budget cuts force people to abandon scientific careers , the federally funded scientific infrastructure

  14. 75 FR 23843 - Discretionary Bus and Bus Facilities Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    .... Award Notices FTA will award grants for the selected projects to the proposer through the FTA electronic... Initiative Funds: Solicitation of Project Proposals. SUMMARY: The Federal Transit Administration (FTA... projects to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase buses and related equipment and to construct/rehabilitate...

  15. Non-work-related personal events contribute to depressive symptoms in Japanese discretionary workers.

    PubMed

    Ogami, Ayumi; Muto, Takashi; Haruyama, Yasuo; Yoshikawa, Toru

    2013-01-01

    In Japan, the number of workers with depressive symptoms has increased recently, and long working hours are considered one of the main contributing factors. Currently, the number of workers engaging in discretionary work is small but is expected to increase, as a diverse method of employment is believed to contribute to workers' well-being. However, the factors related to discretionary workers' depressive symptoms are unclear. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with depressive symptoms in discretionary workers. The subjects were 240 male discretionary workers in a Japanese insurance company. A cross-sectional study was performed using a questionnaire that includes demographic characteristics, living and working conditions, work-related and non-work-related stressful events, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Depressive symptoms were assessed as more than 16 points on the CES-D. Multiple logistic regression models were employed to estimate odd ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of depressive symptoms in relation to possible factors. Thirty-six subjects (15.5%) showed depressive symptoms. The depressive symptoms were significantly related to age (p = 0.04), presence of child(ren) (p = 0.02), and length of employment (p = 0.01), but unrelated to working hours. Subjects who reported "financial matters" (OR = 4.50, 95% CI = 1.89-10.72) and "own event" such as divorce or illness (OR = 2.93, 95% CI = 1.13-7.61) were more likely to show depressive symptoms. In conclusion, mental health measures for discretionary workers should focus on addressing financial difficulties and consultations and assistance in personal health and family issues.

  16. Academic Science, 1972-81: R & D Funds, Scientists and Engineers, Graduate Enrollment and Support. Final Report. Surveys of Science Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huckenpahler, J. G.; And Others

    The results of the 1972-1981 National Science Foundation surveys on academic research and development (R&D) funds, the employment and utilization of scientists and engineers, and the characteristics of graduate students enrolled in the sciences and engineering (S/E) are presented. Findings include the following: the steady growth to university…

  17. Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1980, 1981, and 1982, Volume XXX. Final Report. Surveys of Science Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.

    This report is the 30th in a series that covers research and development (R&D) as shown in successive Presidential budgets. The Federal budget for 1982 was unusual in the extent to which it was subjected to change, reflecting the new administration's philosophy to reduce Federal spending. R&D funding data reflect the first series of 1981…

  18. Missing Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassenpflug, Ann

    2012-01-01

    A high school drama coach informs assistant principal Laura Madison that the money students earned through fund-raising activities seems to have vanished and that the male assistant principal may be involved in the disappearance of the funds. Laura has to determine how to address this situation. She considers her past experiences with problematic…

  19. Missing Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassenpflug, Ann

    2012-01-01

    A high school drama coach informs assistant principal Laura Madison that the money students earned through fund-raising activities seems to have vanished and that the male assistant principal may be involved in the disappearance of the funds. Laura has to determine how to address this situation. She considers her past experiences with problematic…

  20. 45 CFR 149.45 - Funding limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Funding limitation. 149.45 Section 149.45 Public... Funding limitation. (a) Based on the projected or actual availability of program funding, the Secretary... accepting applications or satisfying reimbursement requests based on the availability of funding is final...

  1. 45 CFR 149.45 - Funding limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Funding limitation. 149.45 Section 149.45 Public... Funding limitation. (a) Based on the projected or actual availability of program funding, the Secretary... accepting applications or satisfying reimbursement requests based on the availability of funding is final...

  2. 45 CFR 149.45 - Funding limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Funding limitation. 149.45 Section 149.45 Public... Funding limitation. (a) Based on the projected or actual availability of program funding, the Secretary... accepting applications or satisfying reimbursement requests based on the availability of funding is final...

  3. 45 CFR 149.45 - Funding limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Funding limitation. 149.45 Section 149.45 Public... Funding limitation. (a) Based on the projected or actual availability of program funding, the Secretary... accepting applications or satisfying reimbursement requests based on the availability of funding is final...

  4. 45 CFR 149.45 - Funding limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Funding limitation. 149.45 Section 149.45 Public... Funding limitation. (a) Based on the projected or actual availability of program funding, the Secretary... accepting applications or satisfying reimbursement requests based on the availability of funding is final...

  5. 78 FR 44893 - Connect America Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-25

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule... information collection associated with the Commission's Universal Service--Connect America Fund, Report and... of Connect America Fund and to ensure that Connect America Fund Phase I deployment occur in...

  6. 76 FR 78250 - Final Priority; Safe and Healthy Students Discretionary Grant Programs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ...) provides grants to support LEAs in the development of communitywide approaches to creating safe and drug-free schools and promoting healthy childhood development. These approaches are intended to prevent... Alcohol Abuse program (CFDA No. 84.184A) assists local educational agencies (LEAs) in the development and...

  7. Cooperation in USDA studies and evaluations, and full use of federal funds in nutrition assistance programs nondiscretionary provisions of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, Public Law 111-296. Final Rule.

    PubMed

    2011-06-29

    This final rule incorporates into the regulations governing the Programs authorized under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (NSLA) and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (CNA) two nondiscretionary provisions of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFK Act). The HHFK Act requires State and local cooperation in Department of Agriculture studies and evaluations related to Programs authorized under the NSLA and the CNA. The HHFK Act also amends the NSLA to stipulate that Federal funds must not be subject to State budget restrictions or limitations, including hiring freezes, work furloughs, and travel restrictions. This final rule amends regulations for the National School Lunch Program; the Special Milk Program for Children; the School Breakfast Program; the Summer Food Service Program; the Child and Adult Care Food Program; State Administrative Expense Funds ; the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children; and the WIC Farmers' Market Nutrition Program. These provisions will strengthen program integrity by ensuring that sufficient data is made available for studies and evaluations. Additionally, exempting Federal funds from State budgetary restrictions or limitations is intended to increase the ability of State agencies to administer USDA's nutrition assistance programs effectively.

  8. Discrete strategies to reduce intake of discretionary food choices: a scoping review.

    PubMed

    Grieger, Jessica A; Wycherley, Thomas P; Johnson, Brittany J; Golley, Rebecca K

    2016-05-06

    On a population level, dietary improvement strategies have had limited success in preventing the surge in overweight and obesity or reducing risk factors for chronic disease. While numerous multi-component studies have examined whole-of-diet strategies, and single component (i.e. discrete) dietary intervention strategies have targeted an increase in core foods (e.g. fruits, vegetables, dairy), there is a paucity of evidence on the effectiveness of dietary intervention strategies targeting a decrease in discretionary choices. The aim of this review was to identify dietary intervention strategies that are potentially relevant to reducing intake of discretionary choices in 2-65 year olds. A scoping review was carried out to map the literature on key discrete dietary intervention strategies that are potentially applicable to reducing discretionary choices, and to identify the targeted health/nutrition effects (e.g. improve nutrient intake, decrease sugar intake, and reduce body weight) of these strategies. Studies conducted in participants aged 2-65 years and published in English by July 20, 2015, were located through electronic searches including the Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, CINAHL, and Scopus. Three thousand two hundred and eighty three studies were identified from the search, of which 44 met the selection criteria. The dietary intervention strategies included reformulation (n = 13), substitution (n = 5), restriction/elimination (n = 9), supplementation (n = 13), and nutrition education/messages (n = 4). The key findings of the review were: restricting portion size was consistently beneficial for reducing energy intake in the acute setting; reformulating foods from higher fat to lower fat could be useful to reduce saturated fat intake; substituting discretionary choices for high fibre snacks, fruit, or low/no-calorie beverages may be an effective strategy for reducing energy intake; supplementing nutrient dense foods such as nuts and

  9. Basic health program: state administration of basic health programs; eligibility and enrollment in standard health plans; essential health benefits in standard health plans; performance standards for basic health programs; premium and cost sharing for basic health programs; federal funding process; trust fund and financial integrity. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2014-03-12

    This final rule establishes the Basic Health Program (BHP), as required by section 1331 of the Affordable Care Act. The BHP provides states the flexibility to establish a health benefits coverage program for low-income individuals who would otherwise be eligible to purchase coverage through the Affordable Insurance Exchange (Exchange, also called Health Insurance Marketplace). The BHP complements and coordinates with enrollment in a QHP through the Exchange, as well as with enrollment in Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). This final rule also sets forth a framework for BHP eligibility and enrollment, benefits, delivery of health care services, transfer of funds to participating states, and federal oversight. Additionally, this final rule amends another rule issued by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (Secretary) in order to clarify the applicability of that rule to the BHP.

  10. Discretionary food and beverage consumption and its association with demographic characteristics, weight status, and fruit and vegetable intakes in Australian adults.

    PubMed

    Sui, Zhixian; Wong, Weng Kei; Louie, Jimmy Chun Yu; Rangan, Anna

    2017-02-01

    Excessive consumption of discretionary foods/beverages in the Australian population has been identified, increasing the risk of obesity and chronic disease. The present study aimed to examine the associations between demographic, anthropometric and dietary factors and the consumption of discretionary foods, discretionary beverages and discretionary foods/beverages combined. Discretionary food/beverage consumption reported in two 24 h recalls was analysed, stratified by gender, age, socio-economic status, country of birth, BMI, waist circumference, and fruit and vegetable intakes. 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Australian adults (n 7873) aged 19 years or above. Mean discretionary food and beverage consumption was 631 g (28 % by weight from foods; 72 % from beverages), providing 2721 kJ of energy intake (72 % from foods; 28 % from beverages). Total discretionary food/beverage consumption was higher in younger age groups (P<0·001), those in lower socio-economic categories (P<0·001), those born in Australia (P<0·001), those with higher BMI (P<0·001) and those with lower fruit (P<0·001) or vegetable intake (P<0·001). Discretionary beverage consumption (β=6·6, P<0·001) was more strongly associated with BMI than discretionary food consumption (β=0·5, P=0·01). Total discretionary food/beverage consumption as well as discretionary foods alone and discretionary beverages alone were associated with BMI in Australian adults. In addition, high intakes were associated with younger age, lower socio-economic status, and lower consumption of fruit and vegetables.

  11. Getting Funded

    PubMed Central

    Gill, Thomas M; McDermott, Mary M; Ibrahim, Said A; Petersen, Laura A; Doebbeling, Bradley N

    2004-01-01

    For aspiring clinical investigators, career development awards provide a primary mechanism for “getting funded.” The objective of this article is to provide information that will facilitate a successful application for a research career development award. Specifically, we discuss important issues that cut across the diverse array of awards, and we highlight the most common sources of funding, including the unique opportunities that are available for underrepresented minorities. The target audience includes junior faculty and fellows who are pursuing or considering a research career in academic medicine, as well as their mentors and program directors. PMID:15109347

  12. Community Leaders' Training in Environmental Studies: A Cooperative Community Project Funded under Title I of the Higher Education Act of 1965. Warp to Environmental Education. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Rodney F.; LaHart, David

    This document is the final report of the Community Leaders' Training in Environmental Studies Project conducted at Florida State University. The project sought to increase community environmental awareness and to expand the educational uses of the Tallahassee Junior Museum through the cooperation of museum staff, a variety of community groups, and…

  13. 32 CFR 536.71 - Fund sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fund sources. 536.71 Section 536.71 National... UNITED STATES Investigation and Processing of Claims § 536.71 Fund sources. (a) 31 U.S.C. 1304 sets forth the type and limits of claims payable out of the Judgment Fund. Only final payments that are...

  14. Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Gurney, Kevin R.

    2015-01-12

    This document constitutes the final report under DOE grant DE-FG-08ER64649. The organization of this document is as follows: first, I will review the original scope of the proposed research. Second, I will present the current draft of a paper nearing submission to Nature Climate Change on the initial results of this funded effort. Finally, I will present the last phase of the research under this grant which has supported a Ph.D. student. To that end, I will present the graduate student’s proposed research, a portion of which is completed and reflected in the paper nearing submission. This final work phase will be completed in the next 12 months. This final workphase will likely result in 1-2 additional publications and we consider the results (as exemplified by the current paper) high quality. The continuing results will acknowledge the funding provided by DOE grant DE-FG-08ER64649.

  15. Director's Discretionary Research and Development Program: Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2005

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2005-12-01

    The Director's Discretionary Research and Development (DDRD) program is designed to encourage technical innovation and build new research and development capabilities at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Technical innovation is critical to the long-term viability of NREL (also referred to as the Laboratory) and to the success of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The strategic value of DDRD is being continuously enhanced by expanding the opportunities to propose and pursue innovative ideas for building new and enhanced capabilities.

  16. Measurement of Plastic Stress and Strain for Analytical Method Verification (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund Project No. 93-08)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Price, J. M.; Steeve, B. E.; Swanson, G. R.

    1999-01-01

    The analytical prediction of stress, strain, and fatigue life at locations experiencing local plasticity is full of uncertainties. Much of this uncertainty arises from the material models and their use in the numerical techniques used to solve plasticity problems. Experimental measurements of actual plastic strains would allow the validity of these models and solutions to be tested. This memorandum describes how experimental plastic residual strain measurements were used to verify the results of a thermally induced plastic fatigue failure analysis of a space shuttle main engine fuel pump component.

  17. Dentritic morphology and microsegregation in directionally solidified superalloy, PWA-1480, single crystal: Effect of gravity; center director's discretionary fund report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tewari, S. N.; Kumar, M. Vijaya; Lee, J. E.; Curreri, P. A.

    1990-01-01

    Primary dendrite spacings, secondary dendrite spacings, and microsegregation have been examined in PWA-1480 single crystal specimens which were directionally solidified during parabolic maneuvers on the KC-135 aircraft. Experimentally observed growth rate and thermal gradient dependence of primary dendrite spacings are in good agreement with predictions from dendrite growth models for binary alloys. Secondary dendrite coarsening kinetics show a reasonable fit with the predictions from an analytical model proposed by Kirkwood for a binary alloy. The partition coefficients of tantalum, titanium, and aluminum are observed to be less than unity, while that for tungsten and cobalt are greater than unity. This is qualitatively similar to the nickel base binaries. Microsegregation profiles experimentally observed for PWA-1480 superalloy show a good fit with Bower, Brody, and Flemings model developed for binary alloys. Transitions in gravity levels do not appear to affect primary dendrite spacings. A trend of decreased secondary arm spacings with transition from high gravity to the low gravity period was observed at a growth speed of 0.023 cm s(exp -1). However, definite conclusions can only be drawn by experiments at lower growth speeds which make it possible to examine the side-branch coarsening kinetics over a longer duration. Such experiments, not possible due to the insufficient low-gravity time of the KC-135, may be carried out in the low-gravity environment of space.

  18. Development of new techniques for the characterization of crystals and their growth solutions: Center director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kroes, Roger L.; Reiss, Donald A.

    1989-01-01

    The solubility measurement system and the laser scattering microscope system were designed, built, and utilized for the study of crystal growth solutions and crystal characterization measurements. Solubility measurements and crystal defect maps were made with this equipment for a number of new materials. In some cases, where there have been published solubility data (i.e., TGS), more accurate measurements were made and discrepancies in the published data were resolved. The design of these instruments is presented along with a description of their use and some typical data generated using them.

  19. Friction Stir Welding for Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites (MMC's) (Center Director's Discretionary Fund, Project No. 98-09)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, J. A.; Carter, R. W.; Ding, J.

    1999-01-01

    This technical memorandum describes an investigation of using friction stir welding (FSW) process for joining a variety of aluminum metal matrix composites (MMC's) reinforced with discontinuous silicon-carbide (SiC) particulate and functional gradient materials. Preliminary results show that FSW is feasible to weld aluminum MMC to MMC or to aluminum-lithium 2195 if the SiC reinforcement is <25 percent by volume fraction. However, a softening in the heat-affected zone was observed and is known to be one of the major limiting factors for joint strength. The pin tool's material is made from a low-cost steel tool H-13 material, and the pin tool's wear was excessive such that the pin tool length has to be manually adjusted for every 5 ft of weldment. Initially, boron-carbide coating was developed for pin tools, but it did not show a significant improvement in wear resistance. Basically, FSW is applicable mainly for butt joining of flat plates. Therefore, FSW of cylindrical articles such as a flange to a duct with practical diameters ranging from 2-5 in. must be fully demonstrated and compared with other proven MMC joining techniques for cylindrical articles.

  20. The Impact Response of Carbon/Epoxy Laminates (Center Director's Discretionary Fund, Project No. 94-13)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nettles, A. T.; Hodge, A. J.

    1997-01-01

    Low velocity dropweight impact tests were conducted on carbon/epoxy laminates under various boundary conditions. The composite plates were 8-ply (+45,0,-45,90)s laminates supported in a clamped-clamped/free-free configuration with varying amounts of in-plane load, N(sub x), applied. Specimens were impacted at energies of 3.4, 4.5, and 6 Joules (2.5, 3.3, and 4.4 ft-lb). The amount of damage induced into the specimen was evaluated using instrumented impact techniques, x-ray inspection, and cross-sectional photomicroscopy. Some static identation tests were performed to examine if the impact events utilized in this study were of a quasi-static nature and also to gain insight into the shape of the deflected surface at various impact load combinations. Load-displacement curves from these tests were compared to those of the impact tests, as was damage determined from x-ray inspection. The finite element technique was used to model the impact event and determine the stress field within the laminae. Results showed that for a given impact energy level, more damage was induced into the specimen as the external in-plane load, N(sub x), was increased. The majority of damage observed consisted of back face splitting of the matrix parallel to the fibers in that ply, associated with delaminations emanating from these splits. The analysis showed qualitatively the results of impact conditions on maximum load of impact, maximum transverse deflection, and first failure mode and location.

  1. An experimental study of laser-supported plasmas for laser propulsion: Center director's discretionary fund project DFP-82-33

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eskridge, R. H.; Mccay, T. D.; Vanzandt, D. M.

    1987-01-01

    The rudiments of a rocket thruster, which receives its enthalpy from an energy source which is remotely beamed from a laser, is described. An experimental study, now partially complete, is discussed which will eventually provide a detailed understanding of the physics for assessing the feasibility of using hydrogen plasmas for accepting and converting this energy to enthalpy. A plasma ignition scheme which uses a pulsed CO2 laser was develped and the properites of the ignition spark documented, including breakdown intensities in hydrogen. A complete diagnostic system capable of determining plasma temperature and the plasma absorptivitiy for subsequent steady-state absorption of a high power CO2 laser beam are developed and demonstrative use is discussed for the preliminary case study, a two atmosphere laser supported argon plasma.

  2. A Case Study for Probabilistic Methods Validation (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund, Project No. 94-26)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Price J. M.; Ortega, R.

    1998-01-01

    Probabilistic method is not a universally accepted approach for the design and analysis of aerospace structures. The validity of this approach must be demonstrated to encourage its acceptance as it viable design and analysis tool to estimate structural reliability. The objective of this Study is to develop a well characterized finite population of similar aerospace structures that can be used to (1) validate probabilistic codes, (2) demonstrate the basic principles behind probabilistic methods, (3) formulate general guidelines for characterization of material drivers (such as elastic modulus) when limited data is available, and (4) investigate how the drivers affect the results of sensitivity analysis at the component/failure mode level.

  3. Application of Rapid Prototyping and Wire Arc Spray to the Fabrication of Injection Mold Tools (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cooper, K. G.

    2000-01-01

    Rapid prototyping (RP) is a layer-by-layer-based additive manufacturing process for constructing three-dimensional representations of a computer design from a wax, plastic, or similar material. Wire arc spray (WAS) is a metal spray forming technique, which deposits thin layers of metal onto a substrate or pattern. Marshall Space Flight Center currently has both capabilities in-house, and this project proposed merging the two processes into an innovative manufacturing technique, in which intermediate injection molding tool halves were to be fabricated with RP and WAS metal forming.

  4. Earth and space science funding at risk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buhrman, Joan

    2011-07-01

    With debt ceiling deadlines quickly approaching, U.S. lawmakers are still markedly divided over how to address the nation's economic and budgetary troubles. AGU is closely monitoring these debates and any cuts directed at funding for scientific research and development. Cuts beyond the already reduced levels from the current fiscal year 2011 continuing resolution have the potential to be devastating not only for the scientific community but also for the health, safety, and welfare of the public and America's economic competitiveness. It is not clear how the current proposals would apply to cutting scientific research and development, but it is very likely that federal funding levels for fiscal year 2012 will be even lower than those seen in 2011, a trend that could continue for a number of years. The Obama administration and congressional leadership are reported to be negotiating up to $4 trillion in reduced expenditures, with cuts of at least $1.1 trillion being made in discretionary appropriations over the next 10 years, starting in fiscal year 2012. While it is possible that a smaller, interim deal could pass, which would bring another debt ceiling vote before November 2012, there is significant opposition to such a stopgap measure.

  5. 75 FR 18407 - Investing in Innovation Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-12

    ... CFR Chapter II RIN 1855-AA06 Investing in Innovation Fund Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA...: Office of Innovation and Improvement, Department of Education. ACTION: Final priorities, requirements..., definitions, and selection criteria (Final Rule) for the Investing in Innovation Fund. This document makes...

  6. A Fiscal Cliff: The Current U.S. Federal Budget, Potential Cuts, and Impacts on Science Funding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uhlenbrock, K. M.; Landau, E. A.; Hankin, E. R.

    2012-12-01

    As lawmakers on Capitol Hill face challenges to reach an agreement on how to cut the deficit while growing the economy, scientists must join the discussion and outline the serious impacts cuts to federal science programs will have on our society. Consistent and sustained federal science funding (discretionary spending) is an ever increasing struggle with the rising costs of mandatory spending and decrease in revenues. In 2011 Congress passed the Budget Control Act, which will require automatic across-the-board cuts, known as sequestration, and will take effect on 2 January 2013. Estimated cuts of $1.2 trillion and discretionary spending caps set at Fiscal Year 2012 levels will trigger non-defense program cuts of 9.8% in the first year as reported by the Congressional Research Service. Funding from non-defense program agencies such as NSF, NASA, DOE, NOAA, USGS, and others drive science and technological innovation, support public safety, create jobs, educate generations of scientists, stimulate the economy, protect our environment, and enrich lives. With non-defense discretionary programs representing less than one-fifth of the federal budget, severe cuts to these programs will not alleviate our deficit, but instead restrict our growth.

  7. Research study: Device technology STAR router user's guide. [automated layout of large scale integration discretionary interconnection masks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wright, R. A.

    1979-01-01

    The STAR Router program developed to perform automated layout of LSI discretionary interconnection masks is described. The input and output for the router are standard PR2D data files. A state-of-the-art cellular path-finding procedure, based on Lee's algorithm, which produces fast, shortest distance routing of microcircuit net data is included.

  8. Patterns in Recidivism and Discretionary Placement in Disciplinary Alternative Education: The Impact of Gender, Ethnicity, Age, and Special Education Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booker, Kimberly; Mitchell, Angela

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the probability of (a) being placed in a disciplinary alternative education setting for mandatory versus discretionary reasons and (b) returning within the same year among an ethnically diverse sample (African American, Caucasian, Hispanic) of middle and high school students (N=270). Participants were compared based on…

  9. 2 CFR 1532.1130 - How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or debarment action? 1532.1130 Section 1532.1130 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION...

  10. 2 CFR 1532.1130 - How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or debarment action? 1532.1130 Section 1532.1130 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION...

  11. 2 CFR 1532.1130 - How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or debarment action? 1532.1130 Section 1532.1130 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION...

  12. 2 CFR 1532.1130 - How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or debarment action? 1532.1130 Section 1532.1130 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION...

  13. 2 CFR 1532.1130 - How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How does disqualification under the CAA or CWA differ from a Federal discretionary suspension or debarment action? 1532.1130 Section 1532.1130 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION...

  14. Combined Effects of the Three Commitment Components on Focal and Discretionary Behaviors: A Test of Meyer and Herscovitch's Propositions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gellatly, Ian R.; Meyer, John P.; Luchak, Andrew A.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test theoretical propositions advanced by Meyer and Herscovitch (2001) concerning the interactive effects of affective, normative, and continuance commitment on focal (staying intentions) and discretionary (citizenship) behavior. Study measures were gathered from a sample of 545 hospital employees. Several a priori…

  15. Beverage Consumption in Relation to Discretionary Food Intake and Diet Quality among US Adults, 2003 to 2012.

    PubMed

    An, Ruopeng

    2016-01-01

    A majority of Americans consume beverages and discretionary foods-foods that are typically low in nutrient value but high in sugar, sodium, fats, and cholesterol-as part of their daily diet, which profoundly impacts their energy balance and nutritional status. This study examined consumption of different types of beverages in relation to discretionary food intake and diet quality among US adults. Nationally representative sample of 22,513 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2012 waves were analyzed. The discretionary food category identifies energy-dense, nutrient-poor food products that do not necessarily provide essential nutrients that the human body needs, but can add variety. First-difference estimator addressed confounding bias from time-invariant unobservables (eg, eating habits, taste preferences) by using within-individual variations in diet and beverage consumption between 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls. Approximately 21.7%, 42.9%, 52.8%, 26.3%, and 22.2% of study participants consumed diet beverage, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), coffee, tea, and alcohol, respectively, and 90.1% consumed discretionary foods on any given day. Across beverage types, alcohol (384.8 kcal) and SSB (226.2 kcal) consumption was associated with the largest increase in daily total calorie intake; coffee (60.7 kcal) and diet-beverage (48.8 kcal) consumption was associated with the largest increase in daily calorie intake from discretionary foods, and SSB consumption was associated with the largest reduction in daily overall diet quality measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2010. The impact of beverage consumption on daily calorie intake (overall and from discretionary foods) and diet quality differed across individual sociodemographics and body-weight status. The incremental daily calorie intake from discretionary foods associated with diet-beverage consumption was highest in obese adults, and that associated with SSB was highest in

  16. Performance-based financing at the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: an analysis of grant ratings and funding, 2003-12.

    PubMed

    Fan, Victoria Y; Duran, Denizhan; Silverman, Rachel; Glassman, Amanda

    2013-09-01

    Performance-based financing can be used by global health funding agencies to improve programme performance and thus value for money. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria was one of the first global-health funders to deploy a performance-based financing system. However, its complex, multistep system for calculating and paying on grant ratings has several components that are subjective and discretionary. We aimed to test the association between grant ratings and disbursements, an indication of the extent to which incentives for performance are transmitted to grant recipients. We obtained publicly available data for 508 Global Fund grants from 2003 to 2012 with performance ratings and corresponding disbursements, merged with other datasets that contained data for relevant country characteristics. We used regression analysis to identify predictors of grant disbursements in phase 2 (typically the latter 3 of 5 years of a grant), using two dependent variables: whether a grant had any phase-2 disbursements, and the phase-2 disbursement amount. In a separate analysis, we also investigated the predictors of grant performance ratings. Grant performance rating in phase 1 was positively associated with having any disbursements in phase 2, but no association was seen between phase-1 ratings and phase-2 disbursement amounts. Furthermore, performance ratings are not replicable by external observers, both because subjective and discretionary decisions are made in the generation of performance measures and because the underlying data are not available. The Global Fund's present performance-based funding system does not adequately convey incentives for performance to recipients, and the organisation should redesign this system to explicitly link a portion of the funds to a simple performance measure in health coverage or outcomes, measured independently and robustly. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Copyright © 2013 Fan et al. Open Access article distributed

  17. Random matrix theory and fund of funds portfolio optimisation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conlon, T.; Ruskin, H. J.; Crane, M.

    2007-08-01

    The proprietary nature of Hedge Fund investing means that it is common practise for managers to release minimal information about their returns. The construction of a fund of hedge funds portfolio requires a correlation matrix which often has to be estimated using a relatively small sample of monthly returns data which induces noise. In this paper, random matrix theory (RMT) is applied to a cross-correlation matrix C, constructed using hedge fund returns data. The analysis reveals a number of eigenvalues that deviate from the spectrum suggested by RMT. The components of the deviating eigenvectors are found to correspond to distinct groups of strategies that are applied by hedge fund managers. The inverse participation ratio is used to quantify the number of components that participate in each eigenvector. Finally, the correlation matrix is cleaned by separating the noisy part from the non-noisy part of C. This technique is found to greatly reduce the difference between the predicted and realised risk of a portfolio, leading to an improved risk profile for a fund of hedge funds.

  18. HANDICAPPED YOUTH EXPERIMENTAL TRAINING FUND. FINAL EVALUATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    AULD, W. DAVID, JR.

    THE PROJECT PROVIDED PREVOCATIONAL CLASSES, WORK-EXPERIENCE TRAINING, AND SPEECH AND PHYSICAL THERAPY FOR HANDICAPPED STUDENTS BETWEEN JUNE 20 AND AUGUST 26, 1966. THE HANDICAPPED INCLUDED SEVERELY MENTALLY RETARDED (35-50 IQ), EDUCABLE MENTALLY RETARDED (50-75 IQ), DEAF AND HARD OF HEARING, BLIND AND VISUALLY HANDICAPPED, ORTHOPEDICALLY…

  19. High variation in manufacturer-declared serving size of packaged discretionary foods in Australia.

    PubMed

    Haskelberg, Hila; Neal, Bruce; Dunford, Elizabeth; Flood, Victoria; Rangan, Anna; Thomas, Beth; Cleanthous, Xenia; Trevena, Helen; Zheng, Jazzmin Miaobing; Louie, Jimmy Chun Yu; Gill, Timothy; Wu, Jason H Y

    2016-05-28

    Despite the potential of declared serving size to encourage appropriate portion size consumption, most countries including Australia have not developed clear reference guidelines for serving size. The present study evaluated variability in manufacturer-declared serving size of discretionary food and beverage products in Australia, and how declared serving size compared with the 2013 Australian Dietary Guideline (ADG) standard serve (600 kJ). Serving sizes were obtained from the Nutrition Information Panel for 4466 packaged, discretionary products in 2013 at four large supermarkets in Sydney, Australia, and categorised into fifteen categories in line with the 2013 ADG. For unique products that were sold in multiple package sizes, the percentage difference between the minimum and the maximum serving size across different package sizes was calculated. A high variation in serving size was found within the majority of food and beverage categories - for example, among 347 non-alcoholic beverages (e.g. soft drinks), the median for serving size was 250 (interquartile range (IQR) 250, 355) ml (range 100-750 ml). Declared serving size for unique products that are available in multiple package sizes also showed high variation, particularly for chocolate-based confectionery, with median percentage difference between minimum and maximum serving size of 183 (IQR 150) %. Categories with a high proportion of products that exceeded the 600 kJ ADG standard serve included cakes and muffins, pastries and desserts (≥74 % for each). High variability in declared serving size may confound interpretation and understanding of consumers interested in standardising and controlling their portion selection. Future research is needed to assess if and how standardising declared serving size might affect consumer behaviour.

  20. Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Stinis, Panos

    2016-08-07

    This is the final report for the work conducted at the University of Minnesota (during the period 12/01/12-09/18/14) by PI Panos Stinis as part of the "Collaboratory on Mathematics for Mesoscopic Modeling of Materials" (CM4). CM4 is a multi-institution DOE-funded project whose aim is to conduct basic and applied research in the emerging field of mesoscopic modeling of materials.

  1. 75 FR 16668 - Race to the Top Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... CFR Subtitle B, Chapter II RIN 1810-AB10 Race to the Top Fund ACTION: Interim final requirements... for the Race to the Top Fund to incorporate and make binding for Phase 2 of the competition State... Secretary published final requirements for the Race to the Top Fund in the Federal Register on November 18...

  2. 76 FR 23487 - Race to the Top Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-27

    ... CFR Subtitle B, Chapter II RIN 1810-AB10 Race to the Top Fund ACTION: Final requirements. SUMMARY: The... requirements for the Race to the Top Fund to incorporate and make binding for Phase 2 of the competition State... for the Race to the Top Fund in the Federal Register (75 FR 16668). The interim final requirements...

  3. 77 FR 40459 - Electronic Fund Transfers (Regulation E); Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-10

    ... 1005 RIN 3170-AA15 Electronic Fund Transfers (Regulation E); Correction AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer..., the Bureau published the Final Rule (77 FR 6194), which implements the Electronic Fund Transfer Act... made to Sec. 1005.3(a) in the interim final rule, Electronic Fund Transfers (Regulation E),...

  4. 75 FR 17745 - Tribal Management Grant Program; Announcement Type: New and Competing Continuation Discretionary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... that are issued under this announcement are subject to the availability of funds. Anticipated Number of... for funding. All awards that are issued under this ] announcement are subject to the availability...

  5. Creative Partnerships for Funding Nursing Research

    PubMed Central

    McCann, Judith J.; Hills, Elizabeth Blanchard; Zauszniewski, Jaclene A.; Smith, Carol E.; Farran, Carol J.; Wilkie, Diana J.

    2013-01-01

    The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program and the Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) program are two federal funding mechanisms that some nurses in academic positions have used to support research and development of innovative nursing products or services. Both the SBIR and STTR mechanisms are excellent sources of funding for nurse researchers who want to capitalize on relationships with small businesses or obtain seed money to fund high risk projects with potential to attract new venture capital. This paper provides an overview of NIH-funded SBIR and STTR programs and summarizes similarities and differences between the programs. The paper also describes unique features of NIH SBIR and STTR funding mechanisms that differentiate them from other R-series funding mechanisms, reviews evaluation criteria for SBIR and STTR projects, and discusses critical partners and resources for proposal development. Finally, the paper describes characteristics of successful partnerships and provides examples of SBIR/STTR-funded projects. PMID:20719996

  6. Creative partnerships for funding nursing research.

    PubMed

    McCann, Judith J; Hills, Elizabeth Blanchard; Zauszniewski, Jaclene A; Smith, Carol E; Farran, Carol J; Wilkie, Diana J

    2011-02-01

    The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program and the Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) program are two federal funding mechanisms that some nurses in academic positions have used to support research and development of innovative nursing products or services. Both the SBIR and STTR mechanisms are excellent sources of funding for nurse researchers who want to capitalize on relationships with small businesses or obtain seed money to fund high-risk projects with potential to attract new venture capital. This article provides an overview of National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded SBIR and STTR programs and summarizes similarities and differences between the programs. The article also describes unique features of NIH SBIR and STTR funding mechanisms that differentiate them from other R-series funding mechanisms, reviews evaluation criteria for SBIR and STTR projects, and discusses critical partners and resources for proposal development. Finally, the article describes characteristics of successful partnerships and provides examples of SBIR/STTR-funded projects.

  7. Determination of discretionary salt intake in an iodine deficient area of East Java-Indonesia using three different methods.

    PubMed

    Mustafa, Annasari; Muslimatun, Siti; Untoro, Juliawati; Lan, Maria C P J; Kristianto, Yohanes

    2006-01-01

    As salt is a potential vehicle for delivering iodine to a population, study on salt intake is important. Many methods have been used to measure iodised-salt intake, but the methods were suspected to be inaccurate. A new method, called a lithium-marker technique, has been considered as suitable and safe; hence it has been proposed as a gold standard for measuring the actual salt intake of an individual. We conducted a study to determine discretionary salt intake using the lithium marker technique. The study shows that the total salt intake for children (N = 15) and mothers (N = 15) were 5.4+/-2.1 g/d and 5.8+/-1.7 g/d respectively in which 48.5+/-17.1% and 50.5?17.3% were discretionary salt. The discretionary salt intake measured using lithium marker (2.53 +/- 1.2 g/d for children and 2.99 +/- 1.5 g/d for mother) were significantly lower than using 24-hour salt recall (7.01+/-2.44 g/cap/d) and salt weighing (6.00+/-1.8 g/cap/d) (p<0.001). In conclusion, the discretionary salt intake by 24-hour salt recall and salt weighing were over estimated as compared to the lithium-labelled salt measurement. It is recommended that the level of iodine fortification in salt be increased up to 80-100 ppm of KIO3 to provide iodine intake of 150 microg/d.

  8. 78 FR 47211 - Connect America Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule... associated with the Commission's Universal Service--Connect America Fund, Report and Order and Further...

  9. Changes in Typical Portion Sizes of Commonly Consumed Discretionary Foods among Australian Adults from 1995 to 2011–2012

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Miaobing; Rangan, Anna; Meertens, Beth; Wu, Jason H. Y.

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the changes in typical portion sizes of commonly consumed discretionary foods among Australian adults from 1995 to 2011–2012. Data of adults (age ≥19 years) from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey and 2011–2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Typical portion sizes (median portion) of fourteen discretionary foods that contributed the most to energy intake were determined. Ten out of fourteen food categories demonstrated a significant change in kJ per typical portion from 1995 to 2011–2012 (p ≤ 0.001). kJ per typical portion increased for pizza, cake, sausage, cereal bar, processed meat, ice cream and wine, with pizza and cake demonstrating the largest increases (+570 kJ and +950 kJ in 2011–2012, respectively; both +66% above 1995). In contrast, kJ per typical portion of pastry, snack food and potato fries decreased by 10–40% over time, and did not change for biscuit, chocolate, sugar-sweetened beverage and beer. Similar changes were observed for grams per typical portion consumed. Temporal trends in typical portion sizes were similar according to age group, gender and socioeconomic status. The findings suggest that population-wide strategies that enable consumers to choose smaller portions of discretionary foods are needed to reduce the excess consumption of these products. PMID:28587276

  10. Changes in Typical Portion Sizes of Commonly Consumed Discretionary Foods among Australian Adults from 1995 to 2011-2012.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Miaobing; Rangan, Anna; Meertens, Beth; Wu, Jason H Y

    2017-06-06

    This study aimed to examine the changes in typical portion sizes of commonly consumed discretionary foods among Australian adults from 1995 to 2011-2012. Data of adults (age ≥19 years) from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey and 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Typical portion sizes (median portion) of fourteen discretionary foods that contributed the most to energy intake were determined. Ten out of fourteen food categories demonstrated a significant change in kJ per typical portion from 1995 to 2011-2012 (p ≤ 0.001). kJ per typical portion increased for pizza, cake, sausage, cereal bar, processed meat, ice cream and wine, with pizza and cake demonstrating the largest increases (+570 kJ and +950 kJ in 2011-2012, respectively; both +66% above 1995). In contrast, kJ per typical portion of pastry, snack food and potato fries decreased by 10-40% over time, and did not change for biscuit, chocolate, sugar-sweetened beverage and beer. Similar changes were observed for grams per typical portion consumed. Temporal trends in typical portion sizes were similar according to age group, gender and socioeconomic status. The findings suggest that population-wide strategies that enable consumers to choose smaller portions of discretionary foods are needed to reduce the excess consumption of these products.

  11. 78 FR 48622 - Connect America Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: In this document, the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) sua sponte reconsiders...

  12. 78 FR 32991 - Connect America Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: In this document, the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) adopts a framework for...

  13. NCLB Low Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Anne C.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the impact brought about by the "No Child Left Behind" Act (NCLB) on school funding. Because of changes in the funding formulas, most of the increased funding will go to districts in which the highest number of poor children reside. Districts which are less impacted by poverty will lose funding. The…

  14. Adolescent eating in the absence of hunger and relation to discretionary calorie allowance.

    PubMed

    Kral, Tanja V E; Moore, Reneé H; Stunkard, Albert J; Berkowitz, Robert I; Stettler, Nicolas; Stallings, Virginia A; Tanaka, Leeann M; Kabay, April C; Faith, Myles S

    2010-12-01

    Eating in the absence of hunger is a risk factor for overeating during childhood. The objective of this study was to examine eating in the absence of hunger in adolescents based on their familial predisposition to obesity and current weight status. Thirty-one subjects (16 male, 15 female), who were 13 years of age and born at low risk or high risk for obesity, consumed lunch to fullness. After lunch, subjects had access to different snacks for 15 minutes. Eating in the absence of hunger referred to energy intake from the snacks. Low-risk females consumed two and a half times more calories from snacks than high-risk females and twice as many calories as low-risk and high-risk males when expressed as an individualized percentage of daily allowance for discretionary calories. Normal-weight females consumed two and a half times more calories from snacks than obese females and normal-weight males. The association between eating in the absence of hunger and weight and obesity risk status depended on adolescents' sex and could reflect emerging developmental differences, such as dieting or social desirability.

  15. An examination of the mediating role of salt knowledge and beliefs on the relationship between socio-demographic factors and discretionary salt use: a cross-sectional study.

    PubMed

    Sarmugam, Rani; Worsley, Anthony; Wang, Wei

    2013-02-19

    Discretionary salt use varies according to socio-demographic factors. However, it is unknown whether salt knowledge and beliefs mediate this relationship. This study examined the direct and indirect effect of socio-demographic factors on salt knowledge and discretionary salt use in a sample of 530 Australian adults. An internet based cross-sectional survey was used to collect data for this study. Participants completed an online questionnaire which assessed their salt knowledge, beliefs and salt use behaviour. Mplus was used to conduct structural equation modelling to estimate direct and indirect effects. The mean age of the participants was 49.2 years, and about a third had tertiary education. Discretionary salt use was inversely related to age (r=-0.11; p<0.05), and declarative salt knowledge (knowledge of factual information) scores (r = -0.17; p<0.01), but was positively correlated with misconceptions about salt (r = 0.09; p<0.05) and beliefs about the taste of salt (r = 0.51; p<0.001). Structural equation modelling showed age, education and gender were indirectly associated with the use of discretionary salt through three mediating pathways; declarative salt knowledge, misconceptions about salt and salt taste beliefs. Inequalities observed between socio-demographic groups in their use of discretionary salt use can potentially be reduced through targeted salt knowledge and awareness campaigns.

  16. An examination of the mediating role of salt knowledge and beliefs on the relationship between socio-demographic factors and discretionary salt use: a cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Discretionary salt use varies according to socio-demographic factors. However, it is unknown whether salt knowledge and beliefs mediate this relationship. This study examined the direct and indirect effect of socio-demographic factors on salt knowledge and discretionary salt use in a sample of 530 Australian adults. Methods An internet based cross-sectional survey was used to collect data for this study. Participants completed an online questionnaire which assessed their salt knowledge, beliefs and salt use behaviour. Mplus was used to conduct structural equation modelling to estimate direct and indirect effects. Results The mean age of the participants was 49.2 years, and about a third had tertiary education. Discretionary salt use was inversely related to age (r=-0.11; p<0.05), and declarative salt knowledge (knowledge of factual information) scores (r = -0.17; p<0.01), but was positively correlated with misconceptions about salt (r = 0.09; p<0.05) and beliefs about the taste of salt (r = 0.51; p<0.001). Structural equation modelling showed age, education and gender were indirectly associated with the use of discretionary salt through three mediating pathways; declarative salt knowledge, misconceptions about salt and salt taste beliefs. Conclusions Inequalities observed between socio-demographic groups in their use of discretionary salt use can potentially be reduced through targeted salt knowledge and awareness campaigns. PMID:23418906

  17. 76 FR 17846 - Objective Merit Review of Discretionary Financial Assistance and Other Transaction Authority...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ... proposal must meet one of the following criteria: i. The activity to be funded is necessary to the satisfactory completion of, or is a continuation or renewal of, an activity presently being funded by DOE or... continuity or completion of the activity. ii. The activity is being or would be conducted by the...

  18. Special Education Facilities Funding Report: An LAO Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guyer, Christopher

    This report reviews the method and level of funding for special education facility needs in California and recommends modifications. It begins by summarizing special education programs, describes classroom needs, and finally discusses past and present facilities funding methods. A discussion of various options for funding special education…

  19. Compilation of Projects Addressing the Early Childhood Provisions of IDEA: Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Fiscal Year, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danaher, Joan; Armijo, Caroline; Hipps, Cherie; Kraus, Robert

    2004-01-01

    This directory contains 262 discretionary projects addressing the early childhood provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It was compiled from four volumes separately published by the ERIC/OSEP Special Project. The discretionary grants and contracts authorized by the 1997 Amendments to the IDEA are administered by the…

  20. Possible funding strategies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davidson, T. F.

    1991-01-01

    Funding strategies are examined for the AIA rocket propulsion strategic plan. Either the government, industry, or universities can fund the project alone, or it was concluded, it works best if is a combination of these sources.

  1. Fund Raising with Panache.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dedman, Robert

    1985-01-01

    The key to fund raising is the donor, and fund raisers should learn to cultivate potential donors, approach them with goals compatible with their own, supplement their thinking, get them involved, and swamp them with gratitude. (MSE)

  2. Fanconi Anemia Research Fund

    MedlinePlus

    ... Support Publications Fundraising News What is the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund? Fanconi anemia is an inherited disease that can lead to ... population. Lynn and Dave Frohnmayer started the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund, in 1989 to find effective treatments ...

  3. Fund Raising with Panache.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dedman, Robert

    1985-01-01

    The key to fund raising is the donor, and fund raisers should learn to cultivate potential donors, approach them with goals compatible with their own, supplement their thinking, get them involved, and swamp them with gratitude. (MSE)

  4. Are kids too busy?: early adolescents' perceptions of discretionary activities, overscheduling, and stress.

    PubMed

    Brown, Stephen L; Nobiling, Brandye D; Teufel, James; Birch, David A

    2011-09-01

    The activity patterns of children, especially after-school patterns, are receiving more professional attention. However, evidence regarding the value of various activities in children's lives is contradictory. The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions of discretionary activities, overscheduling, and levels of stress from adolescents' perspective. A sample of 882 children, ages 9 to 13, recruited at 9 health education centers in the United States was selected for this study. Children answered questionnaires using remote, handheld devices. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression. The outcomes of interest were activity-based stress and desire for more free time. The primary predictor for the desire for more free time was hours of screen time (television, computer, video games): those who reported 3 or more hours were nearly 3 times more likely to desire more free time. Further, children who chose their own activities experienced more activity-related stress than those who shared decisions with parents. The single greatest predictor of activity-related stress was the reported number of hours spent on homework. Students who averaged at least 2 hours on homework per night were nearly twice as likely to report frequent activity-related stress. Parents of school-aged children should assess activity-related stress and the degree to which children perceive they are busy. Teachers, school counselors, and school administrators should be aware of these perceptions as they are making decisions regarding school schedules and should teach personal skills such as time management and stress control. © 2011, American School Health Association.

  5. Comparing the Nutritional Impact of Dietary Strategies to Reduce Discretionary Choice Intake in the Australian Adult Population: A Simulation Modelling Study.

    PubMed

    Grieger, Jessica A; Johnson, Brittany J; Wycherley, Thomas P; Golley, Rebecca K

    2017-05-03

    Dietary strategies to reduce discretionary choice intake are commonly utilized in practice, but evidence on their relative efficacy is lacking. The aim was to compare the potential impact on nutritional intake of three strategies to reducing discretionary choices intake in the Australian adult (19-90 years) population. Dietary simulation modelling using data from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-2012 was conducted (n = 9341; one 24 h dietary recall). Strategies modelled were: moderation (reduce discretionary choices by 50%, with 0%, 25% or 75% energy compensation); substitution (replace 50% of discretionary choices with core choices); reformulation (replace 50% SFA with unsaturated fats, reduce added sugars by 25%, and reduce sodium by 20%). Compared to the base case (observed) intake, modelled intakes in the moderation scenario showed: -17.3% lower energy (sensitivity analyses, 25% energy compensation -14.2%; 75% energy compensation -8.0%), -20.9% lower SFA (-17.4%; -10.5%), -43.3% lower added sugars (-41.1%; -36.7%) and 17.7% lower sodium (-14.3%; -7.5%). Substitution with a range of core items, or with fruits, vegetables and core beverages only, resulted in similar changes in energy intake (-13.5% and -15.4%), SFA (-17.7% and -20.1%), added sugars (-42.6% and -43%) and sodium (-13.7% and -16.5%), respectively. Reformulating discretionary choices had minimal impact on reducing energy intake but reduced SFA (-10.3% to -30.9%), added sugars (-9.3% to -52.9%), and alcohol (-25.0% to -49.9%) and sodium (-3.3% to -13.2%). The substitution and reformulation scenarios minimized negative changes in fiber, protein and micronutrient intakes. While each strategy has strengths and limitations, substitution of discretionary choices with core foods and beverages may optimize the nutritional impact.

  6. 75 FR 13223 - Funds Received in Response to Solicitations; Allocation of Expenses by Separate Segregated Funds...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION... Separate Segregated Funds and Nonconnected Committees AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Final rules. SUMMARY: The Federal Election Commission (``Commission'') is removing its rule regarding...

  7. Geothermal monies from Petroleum Violation Escrow Funds

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-12-01

    To date, about $3.6 billion of Petroleum Violation Escrow Funds (PVE) have been disbursed to state energy offices by the US Dept. of Energy for use in energy-related programs that mainly encourage energy conservation or the use of renewable energy. Most of the funds resulted from two cases: the Exxon Decision and the Stripper Well Settlement Agreement. The specific allocation of these funds within various candidate state programs is left to the discretion of the individual state, but requires final review and approval of the DOE for consistency with the terms of the settlement agreements. Colorado and South Dakota are conducting geothermal projects using PVE funds. At least one other state (Arizona) has considered applying PVE funds to geothermal projects. However, other nongeothermal activities that are being conducted in several states represent types of projects that could be relevant to geothermal power production, district heating/cooling, and/or direct use projects.

  8. Family Violence Prevention and Services Programs. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-11-02

    This rule will better prevent and protect survivors of family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence, by clarifying that all survivors must have access to services and programs funded under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act. More specifically, the rule enhances accessibility and non-discrimination provisions, clarifies confidentiality rules, promotes coordination among community-based organizations, State Domestic Violence Coalitions, States, and Tribes, as well as incorporates new discretionary grant programs. Furthermore, the rule updates existing regulations to reflect statutory changes made to the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act, and updates procedures for soliciting and awarding grants. The rule also increases clarity and reduces potential confusion over statutory and regulatory standards. The rule codifies standards already used by the program in the Funding Opportunity Announcements and awards, in technical assistance, in reporting requirements, and in sub-regulatory guidance.

  9. Disclosure of cancer diagnosis and prognosis: a survey of the general public's attitudes toward doctors and family holding discretionary powers

    PubMed Central

    Miyata, Hiroaki; Tachimori, Hisateru; Takahashi, Miyako; Saito, Tami; Kai, Ichiro

    2004-01-01

    Background This study aimed to ask a sample of the general population about their preferences regarding doctors holding discretionary powers in relation to disclosing cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Methods The researchers mailed 443 questionnaires to registered voters in a ward of Tokyo which had a socio-demographic profile similar to greater Tokyo's average and received 246 responses (response rate 55.5%). We describe and analysed respondents' attitudes toward doctors and family members holding discretionary powers in relation to cancer diagnoses disclose. Results Amongst respondents who wanted full disclosure about the diagnosis without delay, 117 (69.6 %) respondents agreed to follow the doctor's discretion, whilst 111 (66.1 %) respondents agreed to follow the family member's decision. For respondents who preferred to have the diagnosis and prognosis withheld, 59 (26.5 %) agreed to follow the doctor's decision, and 79 (35.3 %) of respondents agreed with following family member's wishes. Conclusions The greater proportion of respondents wants or permits disclosure of cancer diagnosis and prognosis. In patients who reveal negative attitudes toward being given a cancer disclosure directly, alternative options exist such as telling the family ahead of the patient or having a discussion of the cancer diagnosis with the patient together with the family. It is recommended that health professionals become more aware about the need to provide patients with their cancer diagnosis and prognosis in a variety of ways. PMID:15571636

  10. Examining the antecedents of engaged nurses in Italy: perceived organisational support (POS); satisfaction with training and development; discretionary power.

    PubMed

    Trinchero, Elisabetta; Brunetto, Yvonne; Borgonovi, Elio

    2013-09-01

    This paper used Social Exchange Theory to empirically examine whether perceived organisational support, satisfaction with training and development and perception of discretionary power are antecedents of engagement for registered nurses working in Italian public and private hospitals (n = 827). According to Social Exchange Theory, effective workplace relationships support employees and encourage nurses to use training to enhance their workplace outcomes. This research used a cross-sectional design. Data were collected from registered nurses working in six Italian hospitals using a survey-based, self-report strategy. Regression analysis found that the variance of process-oriented supervision accounted for 6.9% of Italian registered nurse's perception of engagement, training and development accounted for 26.8% and discretionary power accounted for 2.1%. Workplace relationships enhance autonomy and engagement. Effective workplace relationship impacts positively on nurses' outcome. This paper confirms the relevance of training to enhance engagement of nurses. It also confirms the importance of workplace relationships in enhancing autonomy and engagement. Previous research has identified the importance of nurses' autonomy in an environment where there are shortages of nurses. This study confirms a similar situation for Italian nurses. The findings underline the relevance of investments in continuous professional development to enhance nurses' engagement in private and public health-care settings. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. 75 FR 37873 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-30

    ... referring to the grants for National Infrastructure Investments as ``TIGER II Discretionary Grants.'' Through this notice, DOT is extending the deadline to submit pre-applications for TIGER II Discretionary... the projects that have been selected to receive TIGER II Discretionary Grants no sooner than September...

  12. Ultrametricity in fund of funds diversification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miceli, M. A.; Susinno, G.

    2004-12-01

    Minimum market transparency requirements impose hedge fund (HF) managers to use the statement declared strategy in practice. However, each declared strategy may actually generate a multiplicity of implemented management decisions. Is then the “actual ” strategy the same as the “announced” strategy? Can the actual strategy be monitored or compared to the actual strategy of HF belonging to the same “announced” class? Can the announced or actual strategy be used as a quantitative argument in the fund of funds policy? With the appropriate metric, it is possible to draw a minimum spanning tree (MST) to emphasize the similarity structure that could be hidden in the raw correlation matrix of HF returns.

  13. Obtaining and maintaining funding

    SciTech Connect

    Beverly Hartline

    1996-04-01

    Obtaining and maintaining funding is important for individuals, groups, institutions, and fields. This challenge is easier during times of abundant and growing resources than it is now, when funding is tight and shrinking. Thus, to obtain and maintain funding will require: maintaining healthy funding levels for all of science; maintaining healthy funding levels for the field(s) you work in; and competing successfully for the available funds. Everyone should pay attention to the overall prospects for science funding and dedicate some effort to working with others to grow the constituency for science. Public support is likely an important prerequisite for keeping future science budgets high. In this context, researchers should share with society at large the benefits of their research, so that taxpayers can see and appreciate some return from the federal investment in science. Assuming this effort is successful, and there continue to be government and private organizations with substantial resources to invest in research, what can the individual investigator do to improve her chances? She can be clear about her goal(s) and carefully plan her effort to make maximum progress for minimum resources, especially early in her career while she is establishing a solid professional reputation. Specific useful strategies include: brainstorm funding options and select the most promising one(s); be persistent but flexible, responsive to new information and changing circumstances; provide value and assistance to prospective funding sources both before and after receiving funding; know the funding agents and what their goals are, they are the customers; promise a lot and always deliver more; build partnerships and collaboration to leverage interest and resources; and develop capabilities and ideas with a promising, irresistible future. There is no guarantee of success. For the best chances, consistently contribute positively and productively in all your efforts, and continue to

  14. A power fund focus

    SciTech Connect

    Hennagir, T.

    1996-04-01

    The Indeck North American Power Fund LP, which was formed for the purpose of purchasing established non-utility and utility power generating assets in the U.S. and Canada, is discussed in this article. Fund participants are listed, and the two acquisitions made to date are described. The 38 MW(e) Pepperell Power Project in Massachussets was acquired in August 1995 from Kenetech Energy Systems Inc. In October 1995, the Fund purchased the 76 MW(e) Harbor Cogeneration Project in California. The Fund will also consider purchasing equity interests in North American power projects.

  15. Mandatory, Preferred, or Discretionary: How the Classification of Domestic Violence Warrantless Arrest Laws Impacts Their Estimated Effects on Intimate Partner Homicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeoli, April M.; Norris, Alexis; Brenner, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    Warrantless arrest laws for domestic violence (DV) are generally classified as discretionary, preferred, or mandatory, based on the level of power accorded to police in deciding whether to arrest. However, there is a lack of consensus in the literature regarding how each state's law should be categorized. Using three classification schemes, this…

  16. Mandatory, Preferred, or Discretionary: How the Classification of Domestic Violence Warrantless Arrest Laws Impacts Their Estimated Effects on Intimate Partner Homicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeoli, April M.; Norris, Alexis; Brenner, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    Warrantless arrest laws for domestic violence (DV) are generally classified as discretionary, preferred, or mandatory, based on the level of power accorded to police in deciding whether to arrest. However, there is a lack of consensus in the literature regarding how each state's law should be categorized. Using three classification schemes, this…

  17. Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Fiscal Year 1999: Personnel Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orkwis, Ray; DeCarme, Judi; Glover, Jeanne

    This directory is one of five which together describe almost 1200 discretionary grants and contracts currently supported by the Research to Practice Division of the Office of Special Education Programs under the 1997 Amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This document covers grants and contracts in the program area…

  18. Technology and Media Services. Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Fiscal Year 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glover, Jeanne; DeCarme, Judi; Orkwis, Ray

    This book is the third of four volumes in a directory of more than 1,000 discretionary grants and contracts supported by the Research to Practice Division of the Office of Special Education Programs. This volume focuses on projects concerned with technology and media services. These projects are intended to: (1) support educational media…

  19. Technology and Media Services. Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Fiscal Year 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orkwis, Ray; DeCarme, Judi; Glover, Jeanne

    This book is a directory that describes about 1,100 discretionary grants and contracts supported by the Research to Practice Division of the Office of Special Education Programs. The projects are grouped into sections representing the seven program areas of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Amendments (1997), Part D. This…

  20. Technology and Media Services. Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Act, Fiscal Year 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orkwis, Raymond; DeCarme, Judi; Glover, Jeanne

    This 5-volume directory describes more than 1,000 discretionary grants and contracts supported by the Research to Practice Division of the Office of Special Education Programs. The projects are grouped into sections representing the seven program areas of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments (1997), Part D. This volume, the…

  1. Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Fiscal Year 1997: Technology and Media Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orkwis, Ray; DeCarme, Judi; Glover, Jeanne

    The five-volume directory describes more than 1,200 discretionary grants and contracts supported by the Research to Practice Division of the Office of Special Education Programs. The projects are grouped into sections representing the seven program areas of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments (1997), Part D. This volume, the…

  2. Intakes of Energy and Discretionary Food in Mexico Are Associated with the Context of Eating: Mealtime, Activity, and Place.

    PubMed

    Batis, Carolina; Rodríguez-Ramírez, Sonia; Ariza, Ana Carolina; Rivera, Juan A

    2016-09-01

    The prevalence of obesity and the intake of discretionary foods [high saturated fat and/or added sugar (HSFAS) products and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)] are high in Mexico. It is important to understand whether the intakes of HSFAS products and SSBs are associated with the context in which they are consumed. Our aim was to estimate the associations between total energy and discretionary food (HSFAS products and SSBs) intakes and the context of eating (mealtime, activity, and place). We used data from 10,087 participants aged ≥1 y from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Dietary intake was estimated through a 24-h dietary recall that included questions on mealtime, activity, and place in which each food item was consumed. The associations between energy and discretionary food intakes and the context of eating were estimated by using multiple linear regression stratified by age group and adjusted for sociodemographic variables. Compared with breakfast, the percentage of energy that HSFAS products contributed was 16-29 (range in all age groups) percentage points higher during midafternoon snacks and 16-23 percentage points lower at lunch and almuerzo (Mexican brunch); the percentage of energy from SSBs was 3.4-7.6 percentage points higher during midmorning snacks (P < 0.05). In many age groups and mealtimes, we found that compared with eating only while seated, the percentage of energy as HSFAS was 5.3-14 percentage points higher when watching television (P < 0.05). Compared with eating at home, the percentage of energy from HSFAS was 12-26 percentage points higher on the street and the percentage of energy from SSBs was 3.4-6.0 percentage points higher at school and 2.9-15 percentage points higher at work (P < 0.05). These results highlight the need to promote healthier food selection among the Mexican population when snacking and watching television and healthier food environments at work, school, and on the street. © 2016 American Society

  3. Funding Music Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kassner, Kirk

    1998-01-01

    Recommends that teachers write grants to obtain funds for using technology in music education. Explains that teachers should ask themselves two questions: "Who has funds to give and what do they require the recipient to do?" Provides a list of guidelines, a sample grant proposal, and information about the panel review. (CMK)

  4. Performance Funding in Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanaugh, John C.; Garland, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Greater accountability in public higher education systems is a fact of life in the current political climate. Increasingly, one form this accountability takes is performance funding, which arises from elected officials' need for assurance that taxpayer funds are not only being invested and used properly but are resulting in desired outcomes at…

  5. School Funding's Tragic Flaw

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, Kevin; Roza, Marguerite

    2008-01-01

    This report examines funding disparities between two seemingly similar schools in Virginia and North Carolina. It finds that the federal, state, and local policies designed to distribute education funds systematically provide more money to higher-income students and wealthier schools. (Contains 5 figures.) [This report was also produced by the…

  6. Educational Technology Funding Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mark, Amy E.

    2008-01-01

    Library and cross-disciplinary literature all stress the increasing importance of instructional technology in higher education. However, there is a dearth of articles detailing funding for library instructional technology. The bulk of library literature on funding for these projects focuses on one-time grant opportunities and on the architecture…

  7. Performance Funding in Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanaugh, John C.; Garland, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Greater accountability in public higher education systems is a fact of life in the current political climate. Increasingly, one form this accountability takes is performance funding, which arises from elected officials' need for assurance that taxpayer funds are not only being invested and used properly but are resulting in desired outcomes at…

  8. National Education Trust Fund

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapp, Milton J.

    1975-01-01

    A proposal from the governor of Pennsylvania for financing all levels of education through a National Education Trust Fund (NETF) that would operate as the present Federal Highway Trust Fund does on a revolving, self-liquidating basis with the cost of an individual's education repaid through a progressive education tax on income. (JT)

  9. The Phony Funding Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, James W.; Peng, Arthur

    2010-01-01

    If one relies on newspaper headlines for education funding information, one might conclude that America's schools suffer from a perpetual fiscal crisis, every year perched precariously on the brink of financial ruin, never knowing whether there will be sufficient funding to continue operating. Budgetary shortfalls, school district bankruptcies,…

  10. Oklahoma's Advanced School Funding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Gary

    A new means of funding school operations known as advanced school funding allows Oklahoma schools financing during the temporary cash shortfalls. The program consists of the Oklahoma Development Authority issuing revenue bonds purchased by E. F. Hutton and Company, Inc., which then sells the tax free bonds to investors throughout the country. A…

  11. The Phony Funding Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, James W.; Peng, Arthur

    2010-01-01

    If one relies on newspaper headlines for education funding information, one might conclude that America's schools suffer from a perpetual fiscal crisis, every year perched precariously on the brink of financial ruin, never knowing whether there will be sufficient funding to continue operating. Budgetary shortfalls, school district bankruptcies,…

  12. Raise Funds, Not Hackles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaidel, Lisa Brusman

    1996-01-01

    Ten strategies for fundraising include setting start/stop dates, dividing the workload, stating a purpose for the funds, establishing financial goals, choosing quality products to sell, remembering the sellers' ages, learning about the fund-raising companies, motivating the volunteers, considering a business sponsorship, and conducting a…

  13. Oklahoma's Advanced School Funding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Gary

    A new means of funding school operations known as advanced school funding allows Oklahoma schools financing during the temporary cash shortfalls. The program consists of the Oklahoma Development Authority issuing revenue bonds purchased by E. F. Hutton and Company, Inc., which then sells the tax free bonds to investors throughout the country. A…

  14. Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Segre, Carlo, Ph.D.

    2005-03-30

    In December of 2004, upon hearing of the DOE decision to terminate this grant, a no-cost extension was requested to allow us to expend residual funds from the 2004 calendar year. These funds have been used to support MR-CAT staff as we transition to other funding. As of this writing, the funds have been expended. Over the past four years of DOE operations funding, MR-CAT has become one of the most productive sectors at the Advanced Photon Source. This report will list the overall accomplishments of the collaboration during the time of DOE funding.

  15. [Extramural research funds and penal law--status of legislation].

    PubMed

    Ulsenheimer, Klaus

    2005-04-01

    After decades of smooth functioning, the cooperation of physicians and hospitals with the industry (much desired from the side of the government in the interest of clinical research) has fallen in legal discredit due to increasingly frequent criminal inquires and proceedings for unduly privileges, corruption, and embezzlement. The discredit is so severe that the industry funding for clinical research is diverted abroad to an increasing extent. The legal elements of embezzlement assume the intentional violation of the entrusted funds against the interest of the customer. Undue privileges occur when an official requests an advantage in exchange for a service (or is promised one or takes one) in his or somebody else's interest. The elements of corruption are then given when the receiver of the undue privilege provides an illegal service or takes a discretionary decision under the influence of the gratuity. The tension between the prohibition of undue privileges (as regulated by the penal law) and the granting of extramural funds (as regulated by the administrative law in academic institutions) can be reduced through a high degree of transparency and the start of control possibilities--public announcement and authorization by the officials--as well as through exact documentation and observance of the principles of separation of interests and moderation. With the anti-corruption law of 1997, it is possible to charge of corruption also physicians employed in private institutions. In contrast, physicians in private practice are not considered in the above criminal facts. They can only be charged of misdemeanor, or called to respond to the professional board, on the basis of the law that regulates advertising for medicinal products (Heilmittelwerbegesetz).

  16. Understaning the "funding effect"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oreskes, N.

    2016-12-01

    There is a long history of industry funding of scientific and engineering research in the USA. Much of this work has been of high quality. Research demonstrates, however, that corporate funding can represent a threat to scientific independence and integrity. Studies show that sponsors' interests can affect research results, particularly when sponsors have a strong interest in a particular research outcome. The effects may occur through the impact of subconscious bias on sampling, study design, data interpretation, and/or reporting of results. Corporate funding can also skew research toward investigating certain questions at the expense of others, downplaying the significance of adverse findings, and/or failing to report adverse results. Gifts can affect behavior, even when they are unrelated to research activities. These impacts that are so substantial that they have a name: "the funding effect."[i] Evidence shows that scientists who strive to be objective and fair-minded may nonetheless fall prey to the funding effect. In many cases, the challenges of corporate gifts and funding can be addressed through education and improved self-awareness, agreements that protect researchers' freedom to publish without sponsor approval, sensible disclosure policies, and reasonable sanctions for failures of disclosure. However, in some cases, it may be appropriate for researchers and scientific societies to decline funding.

  17. Carbon investment funds

    SciTech Connect

    2007-01-15

    The report is a study of the development of funds to invest in the purchase of carbon credits. It takes a look at the growing market for carbon credits, the rise of carbon investment funds, and the current state of carbon investing. Topics covered in the report include: Overview of climate change, greenhouse gases, and the Kyoto Protocols. Analysis of the alternatives for reducing carbon emissions including nitrous oxide reduction, coal mine methane capture and carbon capture and storage; Discussion of the different types of carbon credits; Discussion of the basics of carbon trading; Evaluation of the current status of carbon investing; and Profiles of 37 major carbon investment funds worldwide.

  18. Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect

    Gilbert, Chris

    2014-11-13

    The project, Capital Investment to Fund Equipment Purchases and Facility Modifications to Create a Sustainable Future for EnergyXchange served to replace landfill gas energy with alternative energy resources, primarily solar and wood waste. This is the final project closeout report.

  19. Value for Money in Donor HIV Funding.

    PubMed

    Linnemayr, Sebastian; Ryan, Gery W; Liu, Jenny; Palar, Kartika

    2012-01-01

    Countries with the highest burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease are heavily reliant on donor funding from such sources as the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria for their HIV programs. In recent years, commitments from these organizations have flattened while demand for HIV/AIDS care continues to rise. To meet the continued need for more HIV services in developing countries, existing resources need to be better leveraged, i.e., to provide improved value for the money. This article examines options for improving value for money in HIV funding by using a case study that focuses on the two largest funders, PEPFAR and the Global Fund, with funding for antiretroviral therapy (ART) as its leading example. The authors' assessment of available input and output data suggests that current spending allocations across direct and indirect services are not based on increasing value for money. The authors recommend that expenditure data for PEPFAR be made available to the public in a transparent fashion on an annual basis in a usable format and that the Global Fund make its data accessible for each program funded. They find that program output indicators to track indirect services are incomplete and need to be further developed. The trade-off between providing current services and providing future ones needs to be stated clearly, and funding decisions made accordingly. Finally, given projections that funding for HIV will likely not increase, particularly for low-income countries facing the highest HIV burden, an explicit emphasis on improving value for money by finding ways to better leverage existing monies is imperative.

  20. Should uterus transplants be publicly funded?

    PubMed Central

    Wilkinson, Stephen; Williams, Nicola Jane

    2016-01-01

    Since 2000, 11 human uterine transplantation procedures (UTx) have been performed across Europe and Asia. Five of these have, to date, resulted in pregnancy and four live births have now been recorded. The most significant obstacles to the availability of UTx are presently scientific and technical, relating to the safety and efficacy of the procedure itself. However, if and when such obstacles are overcome, the most likely barriers to its availability will be social and financial in nature, relating in particular to the ability and willingness of patients, insurers or the state to pay. Thus, publicly funded healthcare systems such as the UK's National Health Service (NHS) will eventually have to decide whether UTx should be funded. With this in mind, we seek to provide an answer to the question of whether there exist any compelling reasons for the state not to fund UTx. The paper proceeds as follows. It assumes, at least for the sake of argument, that UTx will become sufficiently safe and cost-effective to be a candidate for funding and then asks, given that, what objections to funding there might be. Three main arguments are considered and ultimately rejected as providing insufficient reason to withhold funding for UTx. The first two are broad in their scope and offer an opportunity to reflect on wider issues about funding for infertility treatment in general. The third is narrower in scope and could, in certain forms, apply to UTx but not other assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). The first argument suggests that UTx should not be publicly funded because doing so would be inconsistent with governments’ obligations to prevent climate change and environmental pollution. The second claims that UTx does not treat a disorder and is not medically necessary. Finally, the third asserts that funding for UTx should be denied because of the availability of alternatives such as adoption and surrogacy. PMID:26670671

  1. Magnetic Flux Compression Reactor Concepts for Spacecraft Propulsion and Power (MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund; Project No. 99-24). Part 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Litchford, R. J.; Robertson, G. A.; Hawk, C. W.; Turner, M. W.; Koelfgen, S.; Litchford, Ron J. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    This technical publication (TP) examines performance and design issues associated with magnetic flux compression reactor concepts for nuclear/chemical pulse propulsion and power. Assuming that low-yield microfusion detonations or chemical detonations using high-energy density matter can eventually be realized in practice, various magnetic flux compression concepts are conceivable. In particular, reactors in which a magnetic field would be compressed between an expanding detonation-driven plasma cloud and a stationary structure formed from a high-temperature superconductor are envisioned. Primary interest is accomplishing two important functions: (1) Collimation and reflection of a hot diamagnetic plasma for direct thrust production, and (2) electric power generation for fusion standoff drivers and/or dense plasma formation. In this TP, performance potential is examined, major technical uncertainties related to this concept accessed, and a simple performance model for a radial-mode reactor developed. Flux trapping effectiveness is analyzed using a skin layer methodology, which accounts for magnetic diffusion losses into the plasma armature and the stationary stator. The results of laboratory-scale experiments on magnetic diffusion in bulk-processed type II superconductors are also presented.

  2. Design of Launch Vehicle Flight Control Augmentors and Resulting Flight Stability and Control (Center Director's Discretionary Fund Project 93-05, Part III)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barret, C.

    1997-01-01

    This publication presents the control requirements, the details of the designed Flight Control Augmentor's (FCA's), the static stability and dynamic stability wind tunnel test programs, the static stability and control analyses, the dynamic stability characteristics of the experimental Launch Vehicle (LV) with the designed FCA's, and a consideration of the elastic vehicle. Dramatic improvements in flight stability have been realized with all the FCA designs; these ranged from 41 percent to 72 percent achieved by the blunt TE design. The control analysis showed that control increased 110 percent with only 3 degrees of FCA deflection. The dynamic stability results showed improvements with all FCA designs tested at all Mach numbers tested. The blunt TE FCA's had the best overall dynamic stability results. Since the lowest elastic vehicle frequency must be well separated from that of the control system, the significant frequencies and modes of vibration have been identified, and the response spectra compared for the experimental LV in both the conventional and the aft cg configuration. Although the dynamic response was 150 percent greater in the aft cg configuration, the lowest bending mode frequency decreased by only 2.8 percent.

  3. Collaborative research in tunneling and field emission pumped surface wave local oscillators and amplifiers for infrared and submillimeter wavelengths under director's discretionary fund

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gustafson, T. K.

    1982-01-01

    Progress is reported in work towards the development of surface wave sources for the infrared and sub-millimeter portion of the spectrum to be based upon electron pumping by tunneling electrons in metal-barrier-metal or metal-barrier-semiconductor devices. Tunneling phenomena and the coupling of radiation to tunnel junctions were studied. The propagation characteristics of surface electro-magnetic modes in metal-insulator-p(++) semiconductor structures as a function of frequency were calculated. A model for the gain process based upon Tucker's formalism was developed and used to estimate what low frequency gain might be expected from such structures. The question of gain was addressed from a more fundamental viewpoint using the method of Lasher and Stern.

  4. Win the Funding Game.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Amanda

    1981-01-01

    Discusses five possible alternative funding sources for the school music program: local businesses, corporate foundations, private foundations, wealthy individuals, and state arts councils. (Part of a theme issue on the crisis in music education.) (Author/SJL)

  5. INNOVATION AND SCIENTIFIC FUNDING

    SciTech Connect

    Muller, Richard A.

    1980-06-01

    This article is an adaptation of the author's testimony before the Committee on Science and Technology of the U.S. House of Representatives regarding his experience of performing successful research projects that were initially rejected for funding.

  6. Burn Wise Funding

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    EPA is working with federal, state, tribal and local agencies to find and promote viable funding options to replace wood-burning appliances with cleaner home heating. Includes Guide to Financing Options for Wood-burning Appliance Changeouts.

  7. School Capital Funding: Supplementary State Profiles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurley, Richard

    In July 2001, the Tennessee Comptroller's Office of Education Accountability (OEA) began studying methods other states use to finance K-12 capital outlay. The final product of this research is the report "School Capital Funding: Tennessee in a National Context." As part of this research, OEA staff compiled information on state K-12…

  8. 78 FR 70881 - Connect America Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 Connect America Fund AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule... cap carriers that accept Connect America Phase II model-based support through the state-level... allowance, and pricing requirements for Connect America Phase II. This document also addresses how...

  9. Progress Report for DOE DE-FG03-98ER20317 ''Regulation of the floral homeotic gene AGAMOUS'' Current and Final Funding Period: September 1, 2002, to December 31, 2002

    SciTech Connect

    Weigel, D.

    2003-03-11

    OAK-B135 Results obtained during this funding period: (1) Phylogenetic footprinting of AG regulatory sequences Sequences necessary and sufficient for AGAMOUS (AG) expression in the center of Arabidopsis flowers are located in the second intron, which is about 3 kb in size. This intron contains binding sites for two transcription factors, LEAFY (LFY) and WUSCHEL (WUS), which are direct activators of AG. We used the new method of phylogenetic shadowing to identify new regulatory elements. Among 29 Brassicaceae, several other motifs, but not the LFY and WUS binding sites previously identified, are largely invariant. Using reporter gene analyses, we tested six of these motifs and found that they are all functionally important for activity of AG regulatory sequences in A. thaliana. (2) Repression of AG by MADS box genes A candidate for repressing AG in the shoot apical meristem has been the MADS box gene FUL, since it is expressed in the shoot apical meristem and since an activated version (FUL:VP16) leads to ectopic AG expression in the shoot apical meristem. However, there is no ectopic AG expression in full single mutants. We therefore started to generate VP16 fusions of several other MADS box genes expressed in the shoot apical meristem, to determine which of these might be candidates for FUL redundant genes. We found that AGL6:VP16 has a similar phenotype as FUL:VP16, suggesting that AGL6 and FUL interact. We are now testing this hypothesis. (3) Two candidate AG regulators, WOW and ULA Because the phylogenetic footprinting project has identified several new candidate regulatory motifs, of which at least one (the CCAATCA motif) has rather strong effects, we had decided to put the analysis of WOW and ULA on hold, and to focus on using the newly identified motifs as tools. We conduct ed yeast one-hybrid screen with two of the conserved motifs, and identified several classes of transcription factors that can interact with them. One of these is encoded by the PAN gene

  10. Clean Water State Revolving Fund

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    How the Clean Water State Revolving Fund works, how to obtain funding, program eligibility, innovative ways to use the funds to get the greatest water quality benefits and leverage financial resources of the program, and share success stories.

  11. Funding Military Retirement.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    FYC5 Pay raises amount transferred to the retirement fund. Analysis by COLAsArroyo %of basic:pay Interest rate Arroyo Center researchers William Hix...changes Treasury t to Important factors: could eventually save the Army as much as $5-6 billion FY8 , COLAs annually... .. Interest rate a0lyear...payment. The money increases, and interest rates . An assumed pay raise means in the fund is invested in nonnegotiable government securi- that the future

  12. 77 FR 71865 - Over-the-Road Bus Accessibility Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-04

    ... OTRB accessibility rule, contact Peter Chandler, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 202-366... discretionary funding should work with their FTA regional office to finalize the electronic grant application...

  13. 76 FR 709 - Electronic Funds Transfer of Depository Taxes; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-06

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Parts 40 and 301 RIN 1545-BJ13 Electronic Funds Transfer of Depository... deposits (FTDs) by Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT). The temporary and final regulations provide rules under...)-3 0 Par. 2. Section 40.6302(c)-3, paragraph (c) is amended by removing the language in the third...

  14. 75 FR 4463 - Race to the Top Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-27

    ... Education 34 CFR Subtitle B, Chapter II Race to the Top Fund; Final Rule and Notice #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 75 , No. 17 / Wednesday, January 27, 2010 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 34 CFR Subtitle B, Chapter II RIN 1810-AB07 Race to the Top Fund AGENCY: Department of Education...

  15. Overview: Permanent University Fund (PUF)/Higher Education Fund (HEF)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2009

    2009-01-01

    All public institutions of higher education except community colleges and the Texas A&M University System College of Dentistry receive funding for construction and other capital purposes from the Permanent University Fund (PUF) or the Higher Education Fund (HEF) (sometimes referred to as the Higher Education Assistance Fund or HEAF). The…

  16. Technical Review of Full Utility Navigation Demonstration (FUND) Phase 4.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-11-21

    demonstrates the use of NlMA’s Digital Nautical Chart (DNC) database within an Electronic Chart Display Information System ( ECDlS ). This report presents the results of the evaluation of the final Phase 4 FUND software.

  17. Funding strategies for wilderness management

    Treesearch

    Carolyn Alkire

    2000-01-01

    Funding wilderness protection will continue to be a challenge for public land managers. With continuing competition for federal funds and balanced budget goals, other sources of funds may be necessary to supplement annual federal appropriations. This paper identifies and evaluates five potential funding strategies and provides examples of each that are currently in use...

  18. Funding Research Software Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Momcheva, Ivelina G.

    2017-01-01

    Astronomical software is used by each and every member of our scientific community. Purpose-build software is becoming ever more critical as we enter the regime of large datasets and simulations of increasing complexity. However, financial investments in building, maintaining and renovating the software infrastructure have been uneven. In this talk I will summarize past and current funding sources for astronomical software development, discuss other models of funding and introduce a new initiative for supporting community software at STScI. The purpose of this talk is to prompt discussion about how we allocate resources to this vital infrastructure.

  19. Specially Funded Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Los Angeles City Schools, CA.

    A total of eight specially funded programs designed to improve social and human conditions are described. These programs are Adult Basic Education (ABE), Adult Personal Traffic Safety (APTS), Emergency Employment Act (EEA), Industry Sponsored Programs (ISP), Manpower Development Training Act (MDTA), Model Cities Projects, Work Incentive Program…

  20. AGU GIFT Fund

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitten, Charles

    Launched in 1980, the AGU GIFT fund has met with marked success. A special issue of Eos was published in early 1982 (Apr. 20), summarizing the current status of the fundraising efforts. Of particular significance is the rapidly growing list of Individual Supporting Members, which is published elsewhere in this issue.

  1. Program Based Funding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bessire, Jack

    1991-01-01

    Developed to assist two-year college administrators in understanding the application of the funding formula for California's community colleges that became effective July 1, 1991, this paper reviews revenue base limits; practical implications of the revenue base; the role of institutional growth in increasing base revenues in the absence of cost…

  2. Funding. Technical Assistance Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Join Together, Boston, MA.

    This paper provides tips and resources that communities can use to reduce substance abuse and gun violence. The names of national organizations, publications, and community leaders with expertise in funding are included. It describes how Join Together Online, a national resource for communities working to reduce substance abuse and gun violence,…

  3. Formula Funding in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fonte, Richard

    Formula funding in Illinois reflects decisions on value choices which can be grouped in the categories of enrollment linkage, mission and diversity recognition, equity and fair share, and quality and program improvement. The enrollment linkage of the Illinois formula ties credit hour grants and categorical programs directly to full-time equivalent…

  4. Safeguarding Your Retirement Fund.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrell, Louis R.

    1989-01-01

    Faculty members should consider becoming more involved in the oversight of their personal retirement funds. Both price and inflation risks are best controlled by taking a balanced or diversified approach to investing, with a portfolio based on a predetermined percentage of each type of investment. (MSE)

  5. Funding Art with Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Lori

    2008-01-01

    Orland is a small agricultural town in Northern California. The community has been deluged with fundraisers and requests for money. The author knew there must be a way to self-fund. She took a closer look at what made some of their community artists successful, and she looked at what the public bought. Her challenge was to put together a project…

  6. PCT funding. Beggars belief.

    PubMed

    Hacking, John

    2003-04-10

    At the pace of change set for implementing the new PCT funding formula over the next three years, it will take more than 20 years to achieve equity. If the minimum increases were set lower it would largely be achieved within five years. The current state of affairs perpetuates the north-south health divide.

  7. 77 FR 64759 - Rescission of 10-Day Agency Discretionary Period in Assigning Unsatisfactory Safety Ratings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... time and insert FMCSA-2012-0262 in the ``Keyword'' box, and then click ``Search.'' Docket Management... Fitness procedures; Safety Ratings, 56 FR 40801, 40802, 40806 (Aug. 18, 1991) (FHWA final rule). \\3\\ http... procedure for determining the safety fitness of an owner or operator of a commercial motor vehicle...

  8. Federal Funding for Health Security in FY2018.

    PubMed

    Watson, Crystal; Watson, Matthew; Kirk Sell, Tara

    This article is the latest in an annual series analyzing federal funding for health security programs. It examines proposed funding in the President's Budget Request for FY2018 and provides updated amounts for FY2017 and actual funding for FY2010 through FY2016. The proposed FY2018 budget for health security-related programs represents a significant decrease in funding from prior years and previous administrations. In total, the President's proposed FY2018 budget includes $12.45 billion for health security-related programs, an estimated decrease in funding of $1.25 billion, or 9%, from the estimated $13.71 billion in FY2017 and an 11% decrease from the FY2016 actual funding level of $13.99 billion. Most FY2018 health security funding ($6.67 billion, 54%) would go to programs with multiple-hazard and preparedness goals and missions, representing a 14% decrease in this funding compared to FY2017. Radiological and nuclear security programs would receive 20% ($2.48 billion) of all health security funding, a slight decrease of 2% from the prior year. Biosecurity programs would be funded at $1.53 billion (12% of health security funding) in FY2018, a decrease of 6% compared to FY2017. Chemical security programs would represent 3% ($389.7 million) of all health security funding in FY2018, a 9% decrease from the prior year. Finally, 11% of health security funding ($1.39 billion) would be dedicated to pandemic influenza and emerging infectious diseases programs, the only category of funding to see an increase (3%) above FY2017.

  9. Fund-raising fiasco.

    PubMed

    1997-05-16

    The Pennsylvania Attorney General's office was prepared to file a civil suit against three local AIDS agencies and a fund-raiser organization that they hired to solicit donations. The suit would have charged the fund-raiser, Pallotta and Associates of Los Angeles, with misrepresenting to donors that 60 percent of the Philadelphia-DC AIDS Ride would go to beneficiaries. The organizations agreed to pay $134,000 to settle claims that they violated the law. Organizers had hoped that 1,600 cyclists would participate in the AIDS Ride event; only 790 actually took part. The riders raised $1.6 million, yielding only a 16 percent profit for the AIDS groups. The proceeds of an out-of-court settlement will be disbursed to charities.

  10. Funding open access

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sprouse, Gene D.; Zimmermann, Frank

    2009-03-01

    We were happy to see the 10-year anniversary of our open-access journal Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators and Beams (PRST-AB) mentioned in your news article on open-access publishing (December 2008 pp13-14). However, your statement that PRST-AB "is funded by US national labs, whose researchers publish about 150 papers per year in the journal" is not entirely correct.

  11. Funding Opportunity: Genomic Data Centers

    Cancer.gov

    Funding Opportunity CCG, Funding Opportunity Center for Cancer Genomics, CCG, Center for Cancer Genomics, CCG RFA, Center for cancer genomics rfa, genomic data analysis network, genomic data analysis network centers,

  12. Step 4: NCI Funding Determinations

    Cancer.gov

    Funding determinations are made around Oct. 1 each federal fiscal year. These decisions take into account several factors, including Congressional mandates, new scientific opportunities and program priorities when deciding which grants receive funding.

  13. RASSP Final Technical Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-10-21

    AD-A258 56211t Ul!Il Hili11111 IMIl Uli GE Aerospace Advanced Technology Laboratories RASSP Final Technical Report DTIC CLIN 0002AB S /= 2 C U...2. REPORT DATE 4 REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED October 21, 1992 - Technical Report 5/18/92 - 10/21/92 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS Rapid...Prototyping of Application Specific Signal CMDA972-92-R-O017 Processors (RASSP) Program - Stuay Phase Final Technical Report 6. AUTHOR(S) John 6delsh

  14. Should uterus transplants be publicly funded?

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, Stephen; Williams, Nicola Jane

    2016-09-01

    Since 2000, 11 human uterine transplantation procedures (UTx) have been performed across Europe and Asia. Five of these have, to date, resulted in pregnancy and four live births have now been recorded. The most significant obstacles to the availability of UTx are presently scientific and technical, relating to the safety and efficacy of the procedure itself. However, if and when such obstacles are overcome, the most likely barriers to its availability will be social and financial in nature, relating in particular to the ability and willingness of patients, insurers or the state to pay. Thus, publicly funded healthcare systems such as the UK's National Health Service (NHS) will eventually have to decide whether UTx should be funded. With this in mind, we seek to provide an answer to the question of whether there exist any compelling reasons for the state not to fund UTx. The paper proceeds as follows. It assumes, at least for the sake of argument, that UTx will become sufficiently safe and cost-effective to be a candidate for funding and then asks, given that, what objections to funding there might be. Three main arguments are considered and ultimately rejected as providing insufficient reason to withhold funding for UTx. The first two are broad in their scope and offer an opportunity to reflect on wider issues about funding for infertility treatment in general. The third is narrower in scope and could, in certain forms, apply to UTx but not other assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). The first argument suggests that UTx should not be publicly funded because doing so would be inconsistent with governments' obligations to prevent climate change and environmental pollution. The second claims that UTx does not treat a disorder and is not medically necessary. Finally, the third asserts that funding for UTx should be denied because of the availability of alternatives such as adoption and surrogacy. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use

  15. Performance-Based Funding Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2011

    2011-01-01

    A number of states have made progress in implementing performance-based funding (PFB) and accountability. This policy brief summarizes main features of performance-based funding systems in three states: Tennessee, Ohio, and Indiana. The brief also identifies key issues that states considering performance-based funding must address, as well as…

  16. Phillips funds AWG lectures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The Association for Women Geoscientists Foundation has received a $9000 grant from Phillips Petroleum Company to fund the Phillips-AWG Distinguished Lectures. The money will pay travel expenses for the women geoscientists listed with the AWG Speakers Bureau.More than 100 women geoscientists are available through the AWG Speakers Bureau. Their topics cover all the Earth sciences including geology, geophysics, geochemistry, paleobotany, planetary geology and mineral exploration. Their areas of study range from the U.S., Europe and South America to Mars. They come from academia, government and industry in 33 states and the District of Columbia.

  17. The Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pottinger, Paul S.; Klemp, George O.

    This document reports efforts to address some of the problems of competency-based assessment by developing and utilizing unique measures of competence. Seven conceptual guidelines are identified for test development and utilization: (1) new competencies must be identified and operationally defined; (2) new competencies should have general…

  18. Dedicated funding arrangements for public transit systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Walther, E.S.

    1985-06-01

    Objective of the present research is to examine the origination of financial support programs for public transit which support six systems in five states. In addition to reviewing the process which led to the structures, the study attempts to extract the common and continuing themes which pervade those processes and isolate them for comment. The systems examined in this study are: Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit), Oakland, CA; Capital Area Transit (CAT), Raleigh, NC; Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA), Atlanta, GA; Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle (METRO), Seattle, WA; New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit), Newark, NJ; and, San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI), San Francisco, CA.

  19. Library Services Funding Assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lorig, Jonathan A.

    2004-01-01

    The Glenn Technical Library is a science and engineering library that primarily supports research activities at the Glenn Research Center, and provides selected services to researchers at all of the NASA research centers. Resources available in the library include books, journals, CD-ROMs, and access to various online sources, as well as live reference and inter-library loan services. The collection contains over 77,000 books, 800,000 research reports, and print or online access to over 1,400 journals. Currently the library operates within the Logistics and Technical Information Division, and is funded as an open-access resource within the GRC. Some of the research units at the GRC have recently requested that the library convert to a "pay-for-services" model, in which individual research units could fund only those journal subscriptions for which they have a specific need. Under this model, the library would always maintain a certain minimum level of pooled-expense services, including the ready reference and book collections, and inter-library loan services. Theoretically the "pay-for-services" model would encourage efficient financial allocation, and minimize the extent to which paid journal subscriptions go unused. However, this model also could potentially negate the benefits of group purchases for journal subscriptions and access. All of the major journal publishers offer package subscriptions that compare favorably in cost with the sum of individual subscription costs for a similar selection of titles. Furthermore, some of these subscription packages are "consortium" purchases that are funded collectively by the libraries at multiple NASA research centers; such consortia1 memberships would be difficult for the library to pay, if enough GRC research units were to withdraw their pooled contributions. cost of collectively-funded journal access with the cost of individual subscriptions. My primary task this summer is to create the cost dataset framework, and

  20. Library Services Funding Assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lorig, Jonathan A.

    2004-01-01

    The Glenn Technical Library is a science and engineering library that primarily supports research activities at the Glenn Research Center, and provides selected services to researchers at all of the NASA research centers. Resources available in the library include books, journals, CD-ROMs, and access to various online sources, as well as live reference and inter-library loan services. The collection contains over 77,000 books, 800,000 research reports, and print or online access to over 1,400 journals. Currently the library operates within the Logistics and Technical Information Division, and is funded as an open-access resource within the GRC. Some of the research units at the GRC have recently requested that the library convert to a "pay-for-services" model, in which individual research units could fund only those journal subscriptions for which they have a specific need. Under this model, the library would always maintain a certain minimum level of pooled-expense services, including the ready reference and book collections, and inter-library loan services. Theoretically the "pay-for-services" model would encourage efficient financial allocation, and minimize the extent to which paid journal subscriptions go unused. However, this model also could potentially negate the benefits of group purchases for journal subscriptions and access. All of the major journal publishers offer package subscriptions that compare favorably in cost with the sum of individual subscription costs for a similar selection of titles. Furthermore, some of these subscription packages are "consortium" purchases that are funded collectively by the libraries at multiple NASA research centers; such consortia1 memberships would be difficult for the library to pay, if enough GRC research units were to withdraw their pooled contributions. cost of collectively-funded journal access with the cost of individual subscriptions. My primary task this summer is to create the cost dataset framework, and

  1. Minimum funding requirements and minimum funding excise taxes--Internal Revenue Service. Notice of proposed rulemaking.

    PubMed

    1982-12-01

    This document contains proposed regulations relating to the minimum funding requirements for employee pension benefit plans, and to excise taxes for failure to meet the minimum funding standards. Changes to the applicable tax law were made by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. The regulations would provide the public with guidance needed to comply with that Act and would affect all pension plans subject to the provisions of the Act. The proposed amendments would apply generally for plan years beginning after 1975, but earlier (or later) in the case of some plans as provided for meeting the minimum funding requirements under the Act. The proposed rules pertaining to the frequency of actuarial valuations, and to the time for making contributions, generally would not be effective prior to the publication of final regulations.

  2. Risk analytics for hedge funds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pareek, Ankur

    2005-05-01

    The rapid growth of the hedge fund industry presents significant business opportunity for the institutional investors particularly in the form of portfolio diversification. To facilitate this, there is a need to develop a new set of risk analytics for investments consisting of hedge funds, with the ultimate aim to create transparency in risk measurement without compromising the proprietary investment strategies of hedge funds. As well documented in the literature, use of dynamic options like strategies by most of the hedge funds make their returns highly non-normal with fat tails and high kurtosis, thus rendering Value at Risk (VaR) and other mean-variance analysis methods unsuitable for hedge fund risk quantification. This paper looks at some unique concerns for hedge fund risk management and will particularly concentrate on two approaches from physical world to model the non-linearities and dynamic correlations in hedge fund portfolio returns: Self Organizing Criticality (SOC) and Random Matrix Theory (RMT).Random Matrix Theory analyzes correlation matrix between different hedge fund styles and filters random noise from genuine correlations arising from interactions within the system. As seen in the results of portfolio risk analysis, it leads to a better portfolio risk forecastability and thus to optimum allocation of resources to different hedge fund styles. The results also prove the efficacy of self-organized criticality and implied portfolio correlation as a tool for risk management and style selection for portfolios of hedge funds, being particularly effective during non-linear market crashes.

  3. Who will fund Landsat?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bush, Susan

    A first-ever joint hearing of the Science, Space, and Technology Committee and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence was held on June 26 to ascertain the true value of the civilian satellite program—Landsat—to the scientific, environmental, and military communities.Landsats collect multispectral images that are used for such purposes as environmental monitoring, oil and gas exploration, and national security. Since the first launch in 1972, Landsat has provided a continuous data record that has proved invaluable in global change research. Currently, Landsats 4 and 5 are in orbit, with Landsat 6 still on schedule for a mid-1992 launch. No funding has been requested for any follow-on to Landsat 6, making users of the data uncertain that their future projects will go ahead.

  4. DEWPOINT. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Riddle, R.A.

    1994-09-01

    The DEWPOINT (Directed Energy POwer INTegration) program was aimed at providing the large amounts of electric power required for a laser or accelerator based in space, or on an aircraft or satellite platform. This is our final report on our efforts as a part of this program which was cancelled before completion. This report summarizes the entire scope of effort funded by this program. It also includes some related information on cryogenically cooled microchannel heatsinks which was funded internally by LLNL. Specifically, the DEWPOINT program was to provide the electrical power for the proposed Neutral Particle Beam weapon system of the Strategic Defense Initiative. The Neutral Particle Beam called for a space-based accelerator driven by radio frequency power sources. The radio frequency solid-state power amplifiers generate waste heat which must be dissipated.

  5. HOPWA funding preserved: Clinton unveils health plan.

    PubMed

    1995-06-30

    In his first veto as President, Bill Clinton preserved the full $186 million funding allocation for the Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS (HOPWA) program. Congressional Republicans had cut $30 million from the appropriation for fiscal 1995 as part of a package of $16.4 billion in funding rescissions. In other action, Clinton's plan to balance the Federal budget deficit in ten years leaves most AIDS programs intact. Both Clinton and the Republicans plan to reduce the growth in Medicaid spending, which provides medical care to about forty percent of people with AIDS and ninety percent of infants and children with AIDS. In addition, Clinton has proposed a health-care initiative in which insurers could not deny coverage to people with medical problems, would have to renew policies regardless of the subscriber's medical condition, and would have to offer coverage to small companies. Finally, Clinton proposes subsidies to make insurance more affordable to people who lose their jobs.

  6. 12 CFR 615.5010 - Funding Corporation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Funding Corporation. 615.5010 Section 615.5010 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Funding § 615.5010 Funding Corporation. (a) The Funding...

  7. 12 CFR 615.5010 - Funding Corporation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Funding Corporation. 615.5010 Section 615.5010 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Funding § 615.5010 Funding Corporation. (a) The Funding...

  8. 12 CFR 615.5010 - Funding Corporation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Funding Corporation. 615.5010 Section 615.5010 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Funding § 615.5010 Funding Corporation. (a) The Funding...

  9. 12 CFR 615.5010 - Funding Corporation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Funding Corporation. 615.5010 Section 615.5010 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Funding § 615.5010 Funding Corporation. (a) The Funding...

  10. NIH Funding for Biomedical Imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conroy, Richard

    Biomedical imaging, and in particular MRI and CT, is often identified as among the top 10 most significant advances in healthcare in the 20th century. This presentation will describe some of the recent advances in medical physics and imaging being funded by NIH in this century and current funding opportunities. The presentation will also highlight the role of multidisciplinary research in bringing concepts from the physical sciences and applying them to challenges in biological and biomedical research.. NIH Funding for Biomedical Imaging.

  11. AXKT Phase 3 Final Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-07-06

    AD-A275 236 - July 6 1993 AXKT PHASE 3 FINAL REPORT CONTRACT N00014-88-C-6027 CDRL A013 I NE * ,~ 9M SUBMITSED BY W80co 02 SIPPICAN, INC.I...Funding Numbers. AXKT Phase 3 Final Report Contract NOOQI 4-88-C-6027 PrOgram Elemeni No. 0603704N 6. Auw~) Project No. R01i180 Task fo. 300 Accession No

  12. LSCA Final Reports: Third Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Collin, Ed.

    This document includes final summary reports from 16 recent federally funded Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) projects in California. This volume covers generally the period 1984-85, and reports are presented in six subject areas: programs for children, information and referral projects, institutional services, literacy, local history,…

  13. The Alaska Public School Fund: A Permanent Fund for Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coon, E. Dean

    This paper examines the development of Alaska's Public School Fund, its current status, and its potential as a major revenue source for elementary and secondary education. The fund, which was created following the 1915 federal school lands grant to Alaska, is examined for the 1916-58 territorial period, the 1959-78 early statehood period, and the…

  14. Funding the Mission

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Reginald

    2011-01-01

    From Louisiana to West Virginia to North Carolina--and many states in between--a growing number of historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are coming off the sidelines and finally getting into the major fundraising game. In the face of a cash crunch, the colleges are rushing to launch serious capital and planned giving campaigns.…

  15. Funding the Mission

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Reginald

    2011-01-01

    From Louisiana to West Virginia to North Carolina--and many states in between--a growing number of historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are coming off the sidelines and finally getting into the major fundraising game. In the face of a cash crunch, the colleges are rushing to launch serious capital and planned giving campaigns.…

  16. Funding Ammunition Ports

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    CRM D0020940.A2/Final, December 2009. Brauner, Marygail K., Ellen M. Pint, John R. Bondanella, Daniel A. Relles, and Paul Steinberg , Dollars and Sense...2011: http://www.dau.mil/pubscats/PubsCats/Hanks.pdf Hirshleifer, Jack , “On the Economics of Transfer Pricing,” The Journal of Business, Vol. 29, No. 3

  17. Compilation of Projects Addressing the Early Childhood Provisions of IDEA: Discretionary Projects Supported by the Office of Special Education Programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Fiscal Year 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (NECTAC), 2007

    2007-01-01

    This directory contains 379 discretionary projects addressing the early childhood provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It was compiled from three volumes separately published by the National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY). The "Personnel Preparation" section of this…

  18. Report on Junior College Funding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hay, Janet

    This report summarizes enrollment, costs, and funding information for North Idaho College (NIC) and the College of Southern Idaho (CSI) for 1972 and 1977, explores new options for the future, and presents academic and vocational division funding information and capital construction data. Academic student enrollment at NIC increased 35% between…

  19. Funding Higher Education: Student Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Selena; Harvey, Lee

    This report documents the results of a survey of 1,139 students at the University of Central England (UCE) in Birmingham in regard to their financial circumstances and their views on the funding of higher education. The report also examines the advantages and disadvantages of six specific higher education funding proposals put forth in recent…

  20. Adequacy Model for School Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banicki, Guy; Murphy, Gregg

    2014-01-01

    This study considers the effectiveness of the Evidence-Based Adequacy model of school funding. In looking at the Evidence-Based Adequacy model for school funding, one researcher has been centrally associated with the development and study of this model. Allen Odden is currently a professor in the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy…

  1. Special Education Funding in Colorado.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braeger, Todd; Cottle, Valerie; Gee, Eric J.

    This report discusses the outcomes of a study that investigated the funding of education programs for children with disabilities in Colorado. The report describes the characteristics of the students being served in special education, reviews Colorado's current system of funding special education, reviews the results of a survey given to…

  2. State Funding of Head Start.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaho State Legislature, Boise. Office of Performance Evaluation.

    This background paper details Head Start, a federally funded program serving preschool age children from low-income families, and focuses on the program's effectiveness and the adequacy of historic federal funding levels. The paper provides an overview of the Head Start Program, describes federal requirements for local programs, and describes Head…

  3. Report on Junior College Funding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hay, Janet

    This report summarizes enrollment, costs, and funding information for North Idaho College (NIC) and the College of Southern Idaho (CSI) for 1972 and 1977, explores new options for the future, and presents academic and vocational division funding information and capital construction data. Academic student enrollment at NIC increased 35% between…

  4. The Crisis in Extramural Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norris, Joel

    2011-01-01

    When "crisis" and "extramural funding" are mentioned, most academics think about problems such as the low percentage of proposals funded by federal agencies (now approaching single digits in many fields) or inadequate indirect-cost recovery rates that fail to reimburse universities for all costs of research. These are great problems draining…

  5. The Challenge of Funding Fundraising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, Robert J., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    Public higher education has grown to appreciate added support from charitable gifts. Philanthropic support for public higher education reaches back to the early 1900s, when public universities needed funding assistance to build campus facilities because state funds were stretched thin. To facilitate the process of acquiring, receiving, and…

  6. Funding emergency care: Australian style.

    PubMed

    Bell, Anthony; Crilly, Julia; Williams, Ged; Wylie, Kate; Toloo, Ghasem Sam; Burke, John; FitzGerald, Gerry

    2014-08-01

    The ongoing challenge for ED leaders is to remain abreast of system-wide changes that impact on the day-to-day management of their departments. Changes to the funding model creates another layer of complexity and this introductory paper serves as the beginning of a discussion about the way in which EDs are funded and how this can and will impact on business decisions, models of care and resource allocation within Australian EDs. Furthermore it is evident that any funding model today will mature and change with time, and moves are afoot to refine and contextualise ED funding over the medium term. This perspective seeks to provide a basis of understanding for our current and future funding arrangements in Australian EDs.

  7. Alternate Sources of Funding: Scholarship Fund Raising. and Anne Arundel Community College Scholarship Fund Raising Campaign.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinberg, Barry M.

    This two-part paper provides guidance on alternative sources of funding for college scholarships and describes Anne Arundel Community College's (AACC's) Scholarship Fund Raising Campaign. First, an outline is presented, covering: (1) prerequisites to fundraising (i.e., leadership, sense of direction, commitment, and a plan for identifying,…

  8. Wavelet multiscale analysis for Hedge Funds: Scaling and strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conlon, T.; Crane, M.; Ruskin, H. J.

    2008-09-01

    The wide acceptance of Hedge Funds by Institutional Investors and Pension Funds has led to an explosive growth in assets under management. These investors are drawn to Hedge Funds due to the seemingly low correlation with traditional investments and the attractive returns. The correlations and market risk (the Beta in the Capital Asset Pricing Model) of Hedge Funds are generally calculated using monthly returns data, which may produce misleading results as Hedge Funds often hold illiquid exchange-traded securities or difficult to price over-the-counter securities. In this paper, the Maximum Overlap Discrete Wavelet Transform (MODWT) is applied to measure the scaling properties of Hedge Fund correlation and market risk with respect to the S&P 500. It is found that the level of correlation and market risk varies greatly according to the strategy studied and the time scale examined. Finally, the effects of scaling properties on the risk profile of a portfolio made up of Hedge Funds is studied using correlation matrices calculated over different time horizons.

  9. Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund - a view from the West

    SciTech Connect

    Collins, J.D.

    1985-01-01

    Congress created the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund (AML) in 1977 as part of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. The AML is funded by a special tax on coal mining. About one-third of AML fees will be paid by coal operators in the western states. The author examines the disbursement of AML funds under the Reagan Administration. He describes how the western state governments expected a generous portion of the AML funds for coal and non-coal reclamation, as well as community impact assistance projects in their states. Finally, the author shows how the Office of Surface Mining has largely frustrated the western expectations through its interpretation of the AML disbursement priorities.

  10. [Research funding in German ophthalmology].

    PubMed

    Ziemssen, F; Meltendorf, C

    2012-11-01

    Since 2004 applications for research funding in ophthalmology have been evaluated together with those from neurosurgery, neuropathology, psychiatry, psychotherapy, psychosomatics, otolaryngology and neurology by a joint review board of the German Research Council (DFG). Facing a decreasing number of applications--in contrast to the need and importance of widespread ocular diseases--the working group "young academics" of the Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft (DOG) assessed the perception of funding programmes and grants available. Young ophthalmologists think that they have poor prospects to receive funding by a DFG proposal. In comparison, specialist funding quotas show a stable development within the neurosciences over the last years. The sum of requested funding has a strong correlation with the total amount actually paid. By clarifying the number of funded proposals, the better transparency and communication for the existing programmes should improve the cooperativeness, the funding rate and number of applications in future. This inventory explicitly includes a motivational guidance for young researchers to take the initiative to do more proposals. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. 43 CFR 3190.2-2 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Funding. 3190.2-2 Section 3190.2-2 Public... and Gas Inspections: General § 3190.2-2 Funding. (a) States and Tribes shall provide adequate funding... 100 percent for a cooperative agreement. (c) Funding shall be subject to the availability of funds. (d...

  12. 7 CFR 4280.193 - Combined funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Combined funding. 4280.193 Section 4280.193... Efficiency Improvements Program Section D. Combined Funding § 4280.193 Combined funding. The requirements for... if the project meets the requirements specified in § 4280.109. (b) Funding. Funding provided under...

  13. 43 CFR 3190.2-2 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Funding. 3190.2-2 Section 3190.2-2 Public... and Gas Inspections: General § 3190.2-2 Funding. (a) States and Tribes shall provide adequate funding... 100 percent for a cooperative agreement. (c) Funding shall be subject to the availability of funds. (d...

  14. 24 CFR 214.311 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Funding. 214.311 Section 214.311... PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.311 Funding. (a) HUD funding. HUD approval or program participation does not guarantee funding from HUD. Funding for the Housing Counseling program depends on...

  15. 24 CFR 214.311 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Funding. 214.311 Section 214.311... PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.311 Funding. (a) HUD funding. HUD approval or program participation does not guarantee funding from HUD. Funding for the Housing Counseling program depends on...

  16. 43 CFR 3190.2-2 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Funding. 3190.2-2 Section 3190.2-2 Public... and Gas Inspections: General § 3190.2-2 Funding. (a) States and Tribes shall provide adequate funding... 100 percent for a cooperative agreement. (c) Funding shall be subject to the availability of funds. (d...

  17. 24 CFR 214.311 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding. 214.311 Section 214.311... PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.311 Funding. (a) HUD funding. HUD approval or program participation does not guarantee funding from HUD. Funding for the Housing Counseling program depends on...

  18. 24 CFR 214.311 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Funding. 214.311 Section 214.311... PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.311 Funding. (a) HUD funding. HUD approval or program participation does not guarantee funding from HUD. Funding for the Housing Counseling program depends on...

  19. 24 CFR 214.311 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding. 214.311 Section 214.311... PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.311 Funding. (a) HUD funding. HUD approval or program participation does not guarantee funding from HUD. Funding for the Housing Counseling program depends on...

  20. 24 CFR 115.306 - Training funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Training funds. 115.306 Section 115... § 115.306 Training funds. (a) All agencies, including agencies that receive CB funds, are eligible to receive training funds. Training funds are fixed amounts based on the number of agency employees to be...

  1. 24 CFR 115.306 - Training funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Training funds. 115.306 Section 115... § 115.306 Training funds. (a) All agencies, including agencies that receive CB funds, are eligible to receive training funds. Training funds are fixed amounts based on the number of agency employees to be...

  2. 24 CFR 115.306 - Training funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Training funds. 115.306 Section 115... § 115.306 Training funds. (a) All agencies, including agencies that receive CB funds, are eligible to receive training funds. Training funds are fixed amounts based on the number of agency employees to be...

  3. 24 CFR 115.306 - Training funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Training funds. 115.306 Section 115... § 115.306 Training funds. (a) All agencies, including agencies that receive CB funds, are eligible to receive training funds. Training funds are fixed amounts based on the number of agency employees to...

  4. 11 CFR 9002.5 - Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fund. 9002.5 Section 9002.5 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN FUND: GENERAL ELECTION FINANCING DEFINITIONS § 9002.5 Fund. Fund means the Presidential Election Campaign Fund established by 26 U.S.C. 9006(a)....

  5. 5 CFR 1601.40 - Lifecycle Funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Lifecycle Funds. 1601.40 Section 1601.40 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PARTICIPANTS' CHOICES OF TSP FUNDS Lifecycle Funds § 1601.40 Lifecycle Funds. The Executive Director will establish TSP Lifecycle Funds, which...

  6. 40 CFR 35.517 - Unused funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unused funds. 35.517 Section 35.517... ASSISTANCE Environmental Program Grants for Tribes Post-Award Requirements § 35.517 Unused funds. If funds... funds under § 35.516 of this subpart, the Regional Administrator may award the funds to any...

  7. 7 CFR 1789.153 - Borrower funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Borrower funding. 1789.153 Section 1789.153... Consultant Services Funded by Borrowers-General § 1789.153 Borrower funding. Borrowers shall use their general funds for the purposes of funding consultant services hereunder. Borrowers may not use...

  8. 7 CFR 1789.153 - Borrower funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Borrower funding. 1789.153 Section 1789.153... Consultant Services Funded by Borrowers-General § 1789.153 Borrower funding. Borrowers shall use their general funds for the purposes of funding consultant services hereunder. Borrowers may not use...

  9. 7 CFR 1789.153 - Borrower funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Borrower funding. 1789.153 Section 1789.153... Consultant Services Funded by Borrowers-General § 1789.153 Borrower funding. Borrowers shall use their general funds for the purposes of funding consultant services hereunder. Borrowers may not use...

  10. 7 CFR 1789.153 - Borrower funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Borrower funding. 1789.153 Section 1789.153... Consultant Services Funded by Borrowers-General § 1789.153 Borrower funding. Borrowers shall use their general funds for the purposes of funding consultant services hereunder. Borrowers may not use...

  11. 7 CFR 1789.153 - Borrower funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Borrower funding. 1789.153 Section 1789.153... Consultant Services Funded by Borrowers-General § 1789.153 Borrower funding. Borrowers shall use their general funds for the purposes of funding consultant services hereunder. Borrowers may not use...

  12. 12 CFR 615.5010 - Funding Corporation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Funding Corporation. 615.5010 Section 615.5010... POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Funding § 615.5010 Funding Corporation. (a) The Funding Corporation shall issue, market, and handle the obligations of the banks issued under section 4.2(b)...

  13. Discretionary Foods Have a High Contribution and Fruit, Vegetables, and Legumes Have a Low Contribution to the Total Energy Intake of the Mexican Population.

    PubMed

    Aburto, Tania C; Pedraza, Lilia S; Sánchez-Pimienta, Tania G; Batis, Carolina; Rivera, Juan A

    2016-09-01

    Overweight and obesity prevalences in Mexico are among the highest in the world, with dietary factors being the third-leading category of risk contributing to the burden of disease. Consequently, studying the compliance of the Mexican population to food-based dietary recommendations is essential for informing nutritional policies. We described the energy contribution of food groups to total dietary energy intake of the Mexican population and by sociodemographic subgroups and compared these results with Mexican dietary recommendations. Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls for participants aged ≥5 y (n = 7983) from the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey were used. Foods and beverages were classified into 8 groups (the first 6 were called "basic foods" and the last 2 "discretionary foods"), as follows: 1) cereals, 2) legumes, 3) milk and dairy, 4) meat and animal products, 5) fruit and vegetables, 6) fats and oils, 7) sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), and 8) products high in saturated fat and/or added sugar (HSFAS). Recommendations were based on the Mexican Dietary Guidelines (MDG). Energy contributions from the food groups by age, sex, region, residence (rural or urban), and socioeconomic status (SES) were estimated. The highest contribution to total energy intake came from cereals (33%) followed by HSFAS (16%), meat and animal products (14%), and SSBs (9.8%). Fruit and vegetables (5.7%) and legumes (3.8%) had the lowest contribution. Energy contribution of several food groups differed significantly between population subgroups. Overall, discretionary foods contributed more than one-quarter of total energy intake (26%) and were 13 percentage points above the maximum allowed by the recommendations, whereas the intakes of legumes and fruit and vegetables were much lower than recommended. Our results show the need to generate a food environment conducive to a healthier diet in the Mexican population. © 2016 American Society for Nutrition.

  14. 50 CFR 296.11 - Final determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Final determination. 296.11 Section 296.11 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTINENTAL SHELF FISHERMEN'S CONTINGENCY FUND § 296.11 Final determination. (a) If...

  15. Upcoming Cancer Moonshot℠ Funding Opportunities

    Cancer.gov

    Following receipt of the BRP report, NCI established implementation teams to identify new funding concepts and scientific opportunities. The teams identified nine new scientific opportunities that directly address the goals of the Cancer Moonshot.

  16. 78 FR 64879 - Liquidity and Contingency Funding Plans

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ... sets out strategies for addressing liquidity shortfalls in emergency situations. Finally, the rule... funding plan (CFP) that clearly sets out strategies for addressing liquidity shortfalls in emergency... FICUs to have multiple sources of liquidity. Twenty-five commenters objected to the CLF's structure...

  17. Evaluation of LEAA Funded Courts Training Programs. Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McManis Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

    These appendixes to the final report of the evaluation of eight Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA)-funded courts training institutes contain individual case studies, survey instruments, a manual for conducting an ongoing evaluation, and a discussion of training and its evaluation. The twelve case studies presented in the first…

  18. 7 CFR 3405.19 - Monitoring progress of funded projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... agricultural sciences higher education system; and data on project personnel and beneficiaries. The Final... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Monitoring progress of funded projects. 3405.19... RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HIGHER EDUCATION CHALLENGE GRANTS...

  19. Revenue sources for essential services in Florida: findings and implications for organizing and funding public health.

    PubMed

    Livingood, William C; Morris, Michael; Sorensen, Bonita; Chapman, Karen; Rivera, Lillian; Beitsch, Les; Street, Phil; Coughlin, Susan; Smotherman, Carmen; Wood, David

    2013-01-01

    The Florida Public Health Practice-Based Research Network conducted the study of Florida county health departments (CHDs) to assess relationships between self-assessed performance on essential services (ESs) and sources of funding. Primary data were collected using an online survey based on Public Health Accreditation Board standards for ES. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to assess the relationship of sources and amounts of revenue obtained from the Florida Department of Health financial system to responses to the survey of CHD capacity for ESs. Self-assessed CHD performance for each ES varied extensively among the CHDs and across the 10 ESs, ranging from a high of 98% CHDs completely or almost completely meeting the standards for ES 2 (Investigating Problems and Hazards) to a low of 32% completely or almost completely meeting standards for ES 10 (Research/Evidence). Medicaid revenue and fees were positively correlated with some ESs. Per capita revenue support varied extensively among the CHDs. Revenue for ES is decreasing and is heavily reliant on noncategorical (discretionary) revenue. This study has important implications for continued reliance on ES as an organizing construct for public health.

  20. 40 CFR 35.3110 - Fund establishment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE State Water Pollution Control Revolving Funds § 35.3110 Fund establishment... grant, into an established water pollution control revolving fund, under section 205(m) of the Act. (1...