Sample records for dodecaborides dinamika kristallicheskoj

  1. Hall and transverse even effects in the vicinity of a quantum critical point in Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12}

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    Sluchanko, N. E. Azarevich, A. N.; Bogach, A. V.; Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Anisimov, M. A.; Levchenko, A. V.; Filipov, V. B.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.


    The angular, temperature, and magnetic field dependences of the resistance recorded in the Hall effect geometry are studied for the rare-earth dodecaboride Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} solid solutions where the metal-insulator and antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transitions are observed in the vicinity of the quantum critical point x{sub c} Almost-Equal-To 0.3. The measurements performed on high-quality single crystals in the temperature range 1.9-300 K for the first time have revealed the appearance of the second harmonic contribution, a transverse even effect in these fcc compounds near the quantum critical point. This contribution a is found to increase drastically both under the Tm-to-ytterbium substitution in the range x > x{sub c} and with an increase in the external magnetic field. Moreover, as the Yb concentration x increases, a negative peak of a significant amplitude appears on the temperature dependences of the Hall coefficient R{sub H}(T) for the Tm{sup 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} compounds, in contrast to the invariable behavior R{sub H}(T) Almost-Equal-To const found for TmB{sub 12}. The complicated activation-type behavior of the Hall coefficient is observed at intermediate temperatures for x {>=} 0.5 with activation energies E{sub g}/k{sub B} Almost-Equal-To 200 K and E{sub a}/k{sub B} 55-75 K, and the sign inversion of R{sub H}(T) is detected at liquid-helium temperatures in the coherent regime. Renormalization effects in the electron density of states induced by variation of the Yb concentration are analyzed. The anomalies of the charge transport in Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} solid solutions in various regimes (charge gap formation, intra-gap many-body resonance, and coherent regime) are discussed in detail and the results are interpreted in terms of the electron phase separation effects in combination with the formation of nanosize clusters of rare earth ions in the cage-glass state of the studied dodecaborides. The data obtained allow

  2. Stabilization of HfB12 in Y1-xHfxB12 under Ambient Pressure.


    Akopov, Georgiy; Yeung, Michael T; Turner, Christopher L; Li, Rebecca L; Kaner, Richard B


    Alloys of metal dodecaborides-YB12 with HfB12-were prepared via arc-melting in order to stabilize the metastable HfB12 high-pressure phase under ambient pressure. Previously, HfB12 had been synthesized only under high-pressure (6.5 GPa). Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to confirm the purity and phase composition of the prepared samples. The solubility limit for HfB12 in Y1-xHfxB12 (cubic UB12 structure type) was determined to be ∼35 at. % Hf by PXRD and EDS analysis. The value of the cubic unit cell parameter (a) changed from 7.505 Å (pure YB12) to 7.454 Å across the solid solution range. Vickers hardness increased from 40.9 ± 1.6 GPa for pure YB12 to 45.0 ± 1.9 GPa under an applied load of 0.49 N for the Y1-xHfxB12 solid solution composition with ∼28 at. % Hf, suggesting both solid solution hardening and extrinsic hardening due to the formation of secondary phases of hafnium. PMID:27115173

  3. Specific features of magnetoresistance during the antiferromagnet-paramagnet transition in Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12}

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    Sluchanko, N. E. Azarevich, A. N.; Bogach, A. V.; Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Levchenko, A. V.; Filippov, V. B.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.


    The transverse magnetoresistance {Delta}{rho}/{rho}(H, T) of Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} single crystals is studied in the ytterbium concentration range corresponding to the antiferromagnet-paramagnet transition in a magnetic field up to 80 kOe at low temperatures. A magnetic H-T phase diagram is constructed for the antiferromagnetic state of substitutional Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} solid solutions with x {<=} 0.1. The contributions to the magnetoresistance in the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of the dodecaborides under study are separated. Along with negative quadratic magnetoresistance -{Delta}{rho}/{rho} {proportional_to} H{sub 2}, the magnetically ordered phase of these compounds is found to have component {Delta}{rho}/{rho} {proportional_to} H that linearly changes in a magnetic field. The negative contribution to the magnetoresistance of Tm{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}B{sub 12} is analyzed in terms of the Yosida model for a local magnetic susceptibility.

  4. Effects of disorder and isotopic substitution in the specific heat and Raman scattering in LuB{sub 12}

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    Sluchanko, N. E. Azarevich, A. N.; Bogach, A. V.; Vlasov, I. I.; Glushkov, V. V.; Demishev, S. V.; Maksimov, A. A.; Tartakovskii, I. I.; Filatov, E. V.; Flachbart, K.; Gabani, S.; Filippov, V. B.; Shitsevalova, N. Yu.; Moshchalkov, V. V.


    Precision measurements of the specific heat and spectral intensity I({omega}) of Raman scattering for Lu{sup N}B{sub 12} single crystal samples with various boron isotopes (N = 10, 11, nat) have been performed at low and intermediate temperatures. A boson peak in the low-frequency part of the I({omega}) spectrum has been observed for the first time for lutetium dodecaboride at liquid nitrogen temperatures. It has been shown that low-temperature anomalies in the specific heat, along with the features of Raman spectra, can be interpreted in terms of the transition to a cageglass state at T* = 50-70 K, which appears when Lu{sup 3+} ions are displaced from the centrosymmetric position in cavities of a rigid covalent boron sublattice towards the randomly located boron vacancies. The concentrations of various two-level systems that correspond to two types of vibrational clusters with correlation lengths of 12-15 and 18-22 A, respectively, have been estimated. The vibrational density of states of LuB{sub 12} has been calculated from Raman spectra in the model of soft atomic potentials. An approach has been proposed to explain the dielectrization of the properties of the YbB{sub 12} compound at T < T*, as well as the features of the formation of magnetic structures in RB{sub 12} antiferromagnets (R = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm) and the suppression of superconductivity in LuB{sub 12}.