Science.gov

Sample records for dollars

  1. Dollar Points.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, MA.

    The purpose of this pamphlet is to teach the value of money, to understand the numbers and symbols on U.S. dollar bills, and to provide the history and facts behind U.S. currency. The following words, symbols, or numbers on dollar bills are identified: (1) legal tender; (2) Federal Reserve Note; (3) Federal Reserve Bank's seal and code letter; (4)…

  2. Dollar squeeze

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlowicz, Michael

    According to Science & Engineering Indicators 1996, concerns about funding for research are well founded. Data gathered by the National Science Board indicate that total spending on research in the United States has been in steady decline during the 1990s.Industry has held the research and development line item steady at about $97 billion since 1987, but the value has dropped about 1.5$ per year in real dollars (adjusted for inflation). In that same period, the government contribution to R&D has dropped 20% from its peak in 1987. Overall R&D has dropped from 2.8% of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 1991 to 2.4% in 1995, and spending on nondefense research has dropped below 2% of the GDP. Japan now invests 2.7% in nondefense R&D Germany, 2.4%.

  3. Fundred Dollar Bill Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Mary

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the Fundred Dollar Bill Project which is an innovative artwork made of millions of drawings. This creative collective action is intended to support Operation Paydirt, an extraordinary art/science project uniting three million children with educators, scientists, healthcare professionals, designers, urban planners, engineers,…

  4. Stretching Your Technology Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Doug

    2012-01-01

    A school district technology director offers 10 strategies to help schools make the most of their technology dollar. These include using effective budgeting techniques, taking advantage of the buying power of groups, practicing sustainable technology, purchasing the right tool for the right job, taking advantage of free software, using cloud…

  5. Sand dollar sites orogenesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amos, Dee

    2013-04-01

    The determinology of the humble sand dollars habitat changing from inception to the drastic evolution of the zone to that of present day. Into the cauldron along the southern Californian 'ring of fire' lithosphere are evidence of geosynclinals areas, metasedimentary rock formations and hydrothermal activity. The explanation begins with 'Theia' and the Moon's formation, battles with cometary impacts, glacial ages, epochs with evolutionary bottlenecks and plate tectonics. Fully illustrated the lecture includes localised diagrams and figures with actual subject photographic examples of plutonic, granitic, jade and peridodite. Finally, the origins of the materials used in the lecture are revealed for prosecution by future students and the enjoyment of interested parties in general.

  6. Your Automobile Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet is designed to help first-time car buyers determine if they can or should buy a car and how to get the most from their car-buying dollar. Leasing and renting options also are discussed. The booklet outlines the process of buying a new car, starting with a review of sizes, types, and features. This is followed by a rundown on showroom…

  7. Your Food Dollar. Money Management. [Revised].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This student/teacher resource booklet provides information on conserving food dollars while providing nutritious meals. The guide shows how to set up a food budget and explains how scanning the weekly food ads, planning meals around the specials, and compiling a list accordingly can also help consumers get more for their food dollars. Numerous…

  8. Are capitation dollars slipping through your fingers?

    PubMed

    1998-11-01

    This study by a San Francisco consultant suggests that provider groups can recover 10% to 15% of their capitation dollars by conducting financial recoveries in areas such as member-capitation reconciliation, claims paid on ineligible members, and duplicate claims.

  9. Your Automobile Dollar, [Revised.] Money Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Law, Jean L., Ed.

    This booklet on automobile purchasing and maintenance, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook discusses buying, maintaining, and operating cars. Section 1 discusses managing automobile dollars. Topics include…

  10. Do You Automate? Saving Time and Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carmichael, Christine H.

    2010-01-01

    An automated workforce management strategy can help schools save jobs, improve the job satisfaction of teachers and staff, and free up precious budget dollars for investments in critical learning resources. Automated workforce management systems can help schools control labor costs, minimize compliance risk, and improve employee satisfaction.…

  11. Value-Based Medicine: Dollars and Sense.

    PubMed

    Erstad, Brian L

    2016-02-01

    With ever-increasing total healthcare expenditures and expenditures on new pharmaceuticals, there is a temptation to enact relatively simple silo-based, cost-control measures such as attempts to control a burgeoning health-system medication budget by limiting physician and ultimately patient access to medications without considering cost-effectiveness or overall value. Such an approach with a singular focus on dollars does not make sense. The challenge is to think beyond a pure dollars approach in a specialty of health care where the high cost of care is acknowledged but the dynamics are not always understood. This will take a thoughtful, coordinated effort by a team of dedicated health professionals that includes a clinical pharmacist with expertise in optimal and comprehensive medication management. PMID:26771783

  12. Value-Based Medicine: Dollars and Sense.

    PubMed

    Erstad, Brian L

    2016-02-01

    With ever-increasing total healthcare expenditures and expenditures on new pharmaceuticals, there is a temptation to enact relatively simple silo-based, cost-control measures such as attempts to control a burgeoning health-system medication budget by limiting physician and ultimately patient access to medications without considering cost-effectiveness or overall value. Such an approach with a singular focus on dollars does not make sense. The challenge is to think beyond a pure dollars approach in a specialty of health care where the high cost of care is acknowledged but the dynamics are not always understood. This will take a thoughtful, coordinated effort by a team of dedicated health professionals that includes a clinical pharmacist with expertise in optimal and comprehensive medication management.

  13. Food environment and childhood obesity: the effect of dollar stores.

    PubMed

    Drichoutis, Andreas C; Nayga, Rodolfo M; Rouse, Heather L; Thomsen, Michael R

    2015-12-01

    In this paper we examine the effect of dollar stores on children's Body Mass Index (BMI). We use a dataset compiled by the Arkansas Center for Health Improvement that reflects a BMI screening program for public school children in the state of Arkansas. We combine propensity score matching with difference-in-differences methods to deal with time-invariant as well time-varying unobserved factors. We find no evidence that the presence of dollar stores within a reasonably close proximity of the child's residence increases BMI. In fact, we see an increase in BMI when dollar stores leave a child's neighborhood. Given the proliferation of dollar stores in rural and low-income urban areas, the question of whether dollar stores are contributing to high rates of childhood obesity is policy relevant. However, our results provide some evidence that exposure to dollar stores is not a causal factor.

  14. "Duck stamp" dollars reserve native prairie tracts

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Higgins, K.F.

    1981-01-01

    Ducks and wetlands are inseparable in the prairies. Hunters know this, bird watchers know this, wildlife managers know this, and most importantly people who manage the croplands and rangelands know this. The 1,746 tracts of native prairie within these upland-wetland complexes known as Waterfowl Production Areas are not the only lands purchased with "duck stamp" dollars. Considerable acreages have also been purchased in central and southern parts of the United States to provide staging, resting, and wintering areas for waterfowl. Since 1934, when "duck stamps" were first sold, nearly 2.5 million acres of waterfowl habitats have been acquired or taken under easement within the United States with revenue from these sales. By purchasing "duck stamps", more than 2.2 million people provide over $16.5 million in annual revenue. It is certainly gratifying to know that some of the remaining native prairie remnants in the Northern Great Plains are being reserved for the future with "duck stamp" dollars.

  15. 31 CFR 535.901 - Dollar accounts at banks abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dollar accounts at banks abroad. 535... Miscellaneous Provisions § 535.901 Dollar accounts at banks abroad. Any domestic bank is hereby authorized to effect withdrawals or other transfers from any account held in the name of a non-Iranian bank located...

  16. 31 CFR 535.901 - Dollar accounts at banks abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Dollar accounts at banks abroad. 535... Miscellaneous Provisions § 535.901 Dollar accounts at banks abroad. Any domestic bank is hereby authorized to effect withdrawals or other transfers from any account held in the name of a non-Iranian bank located...

  17. 31 CFR 535.901 - Dollar accounts at banks abroad.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Dollar accounts at banks abroad. 535... Miscellaneous Provisions § 535.901 Dollar accounts at banks abroad. Any domestic bank is hereby authorized to effect withdrawals or other transfers from any account held in the name of a non-Iranian bank located...

  18. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the following examples: Example 1. Assume an employee owns a life insurance policy under a split-dollar life insurance arrangement, the employer makes premium payments on this policy, there is a...) Assume an employee owns a life insurance policy under a split-dollar life insurance arrangement and...

  19. 31 CFR 103.51 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 103.51 Section 103.51 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.51 Dollars...

  20. 13 CFR 125.7 - Acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., Government Contracting Programs, contains acquisition-related dollar thresholds subject to inflationary... thresholds. 125.7 Section 125.7 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING PROGRAMS § 125.7 Acquisition-related dollar thresholds. The Federal Acquisition Regulatory...

  1. 13 CFR 125.7 - Acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., Government Contracting Programs, contains acquisition-related dollar thresholds subject to inflationary... thresholds. 125.7 Section 125.7 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING PROGRAMS § 125.7 Acquisition-related dollar thresholds. The Federal Acquisition Regulatory...

  2. 13 CFR 125.7 - Acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., Government Contracting Programs, contains acquisition-related dollar thresholds subject to inflationary... thresholds. 125.7 Section 125.7 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING PROGRAMS § 125.7 Acquisition-related dollar thresholds. The Federal Acquisition Regulatory...

  3. 13 CFR 125.7 - Acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., Government Contracting Programs, contains acquisition-related dollar thresholds subject to inflationary... thresholds. 125.7 Section 125.7 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING PROGRAMS § 125.7 Acquisition-related dollar thresholds. The Federal Acquisition Regulatory...

  4. 13 CFR 125.7 - Acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., Government Contracting Programs, contains acquisition-related dollar thresholds subject to inflationary... thresholds. 125.7 Section 125.7 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING PROGRAMS § 125.7 Acquisition-related dollar thresholds. The Federal Acquisition Regulatory...

  5. Dollar and the stock market: An approach using Haar wavelet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belardi, Aldo Artur; Aguiar, Renato A.

    2012-08-01

    This paper presents a methodology to detect significant changes in the price of U.S. dollar in regarding to the stock exchange using the Haar wavelet as well as statistical analyzes of several parameters. The data used arise of information provided by the stock market, both for the U.S. dollar and for the stock market. The results show that the applied methodology through Haar wavelet, are able to inform in advance the trend of the stock market through a single variable, the U.S. dollar.

  6. For Athletics, a Billion-Dollar Goal Line

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolverton, Brad

    2009-01-01

    The nation's biggest athletics departments are quietly trying to raise hundreds of millions of dollars for separate sports endowments, heating up the competition for donors and raising questions about institutional priorities during the economic crunch. At least eight programs hope to bring in more than $100-million each to defray the rising costs…

  7. The Dollar Game Curriculum: Inspiring Wealth Creation in Rural Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braak, Willem J.; Lewin, Paul A.

    2015-01-01

    Rural wealth creation and local entrepreneurship are emerging economic development approaches that bring back a sense of self-determination to rural communities. However, their potential is often greatly diminished by preconceived and opposing notions within the community on what drives economic growth. The Dollar Game is an innovative curriculum…

  8. Copper River hydraulic study at Million Dollar Bridge, Alaska

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jones, Stanley H.; Barber, William F.

    1980-01-01

    The Copper River hydraulic conditions in the vicinity of the Million-Dollar Bridge, Alaska, at the outlet to Miles Lake are described. The water discharge, lake and river bed profiles, bathymetry, velocity, and direction of flow are presented. (Kosco-USGS)

  9. 78 FR 23902 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ...) is announcing the dollar limitations on the amount of meat and meat food products, poultry, and poultry products that a retail store can sell to hotels, restaurants, and similar institutions without... $67,300 to $69,600 and for poultry products from $51,700 to $54,500. FSIS is changing the...

  10. Colleges' Billion-Dollar Campaigns Feel the Economy's Sting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2009-01-01

    The economy's collapse has caught up with the billion-dollar campaign. In the past 12 months, the amount of money raised by a dozen of the colleges engaged in higher education's biggest fund-raising campaigns fell 32 percent from the year before. The decline, which started before the worst of the recession, has forced colleges to postpone…

  11. Smart Energy Choices Free Up Dollars for Capital Improvements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchey, David

    2003-01-01

    Describes several ways to design or renovate school building to save thousand of dollars of energy costs. Considers site design, energy-efficient building envelope, renewable energy systems, lighting and electrical systems, mechanical and ventilation systems, water conservation, and transportation. Describes how to obtain information about the…

  12. Green Injustice: Who's Winning the Race for Environmental Dollars?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, Valerie

    1994-01-01

    Grass-root environmental justice organizations charge that, when funding for projects targeting minority communities is won by multimillion-dollar environmental organizations, community-based environmental justice groups are underfunded and the concentration of toxic waste facilities in minority communities continues to grow. Lists top 10…

  13. 31 CFR 1010.980 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 1010.980 Section 1010.980 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS...

  14. 31 CFR 1010.980 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 1010.980 Section 1010.980 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS...

  15. 31 CFR 1010.980 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 1010.980 Section 1010.980 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS...

  16. 31 CFR 1010.980 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 1010.980 Section 1010.980 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS...

  17. The Consumer and His Dollars: A Workbook and Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finegan, Marcella E.

    This workbook and study guide for a money management curriculum in consumer education was written to accompany the textbook "The Consumer and His Dollars" and a teacher's guide, both announced in this issue as VT 017 179 and VT 017 177. Included are 16 chapters, each containing worksheets perforated for easy removal. Chapter highlights, study…

  18. Dollars Works 2: The Evolution of a Financial Literacy Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Cindy M.; Heins, Rosemary K.; Katras, Mary Jo

    2013-01-01

    Dollar Works 2 is a comprehensive personal financial education program to help individuals and families strengthen their skills, better manage their personal finances, and make sound decisions about money. This article chronicles the evolution of a curriculum to enhance and modify materials to improve learning and meet the needs of multiple…

  19. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... payment to be made by the lender (or a person related to the lender) is sufficiently independent from the... payment by Y of non-qualified deferred compensation is independent from B's requirement to pay interest... rules that apply to a split-dollar loan providing for certain variable rates of interest. (ii)...

  20. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... payment to be made by the lender (or a person related to the lender) is sufficiently independent from the... payment by Y of non-qualified deferred compensation is independent from B's requirement to pay interest... rules that apply to a split-dollar loan providing for certain variable rates of interest. (ii)...

  1. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... payment to be made by the lender (or a person related to the lender) is sufficiently independent from the... payment by Y of non-qualified deferred compensation is independent from B's requirement to pay interest... rules that apply to a split-dollar loan providing for certain variable rates of interest. (ii)...

  2. Happy Henry Half Dollar. Teacher's Guide [and] Student Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zishka, Phyllis

    This unit, appropriate for second grade students, contains student materials and teacher's guide for teaching about the appearance, use, and value of the half dollar. Approximate time to complete the unit is six hours. The activities are designed for individualized instruction with a learning center approach. These activities include following…

  3. Pennies on the Dollar: How Illinois Shortchanges Its Teachers' Retirement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kan, Leslie; Fuchs, Daniel; Aldeman, Chad

    2016-01-01

    Illinois' pension plans have sent the state on a downward spiral. One out of every four dollars that state taxpayers send to Springfield goes toward pensions, and the vast majority of these contributions go toward paying down large pension debt, not the actual retirement benefits given to state and local workers like teachers. The teacher pension…

  4. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance...) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.139 Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions. The fresh market tomato (dollar plan)...

  5. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  6. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  7. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  8. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  9. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance..., and Taxable Income § 1.61-22 Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. (a) Scope—(1) In general. This section provides rules for the taxation of a split-dollar life insurance arrangement...

  10. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...; (5) Grown by a person who in at least one of the three previous crop years: (i) Grew tomatoes for... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance... Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions. The fresh market tomato (dollar plan)...

  11. Gaining a greater share of the healthcare dollar.

    PubMed

    Gilbert, R N

    1986-01-01

    Are physicians being left out as hospitals rush to form outpatient surgery centers, diagnostic imaging centers, home health agencies, and other new financial ventures? Joint ventures and revenue diversification offer an often unexplored means for medical group practice to profit from the many financial opportunities created by the changing reimbursement system. Out-lined here are the considerations involved in the formation of an alternative health delivery system to help medical group practices gain a greater share of the healthcare dollar.

  12. Extinct and extant sand dollars (Clypeasteroida: Echinoidea) from Uruguay.

    PubMed

    Martínez, Sergio; Mooi, Rich

    2005-12-01

    We summarize information concerning Recent and Pleistocene-Holocene Uruguayan sand dollars (Mellitidae), as well as Miocene taxa (Monophorasteridae). Recent and Pleistocene-Holocene species (Encope emarginata, Mellita quinquiesperforata, and Leodia sexisperforata) are at their southernmost limits of distribution, with only E. emarginata recorded further south than Uruguay. Lower temperatures to the south, and/or the Rio de la Plata salinity barrier are suggested as controlling factors of these distributions. During the Miocene, the sea temperatures were notably higher than at present, and it was at this time that the extinct genera Monophoraster and Amplaster reached their maximum diversity in Uruguay. The family Monophorasteridae is the basal sister group of the Mellitidae.

  13. [The Six Million Dollar Man: from fiction to reality].

    PubMed

    Langeveld, C H Kees

    2013-01-01

    The term 'bionic' has been in existence since 1958, but only gained general recognition from the television series 'The Six Million Dollar Man'. Following a crash, the central figure in this series - test pilot Steve Austin - has an eye, an arm and both legs replaced by prostheses which make him stronger and faster than a normal person. This story is based on the science fiction book 'Cyborg' by Martin Caidin. In the world of comic books and films there are a number of examples of people who are given superhuman powers by having technological gadgets built in. Although the latter is not yet possible, the bionic human has now become reality. PMID:24382050

  14. [The Six Million Dollar Man: from fiction to reality].

    PubMed

    Langeveld, C H Kees

    2013-01-01

    The term 'bionic' has been in existence since 1958, but only gained general recognition from the television series 'The Six Million Dollar Man'. Following a crash, the central figure in this series - test pilot Steve Austin - has an eye, an arm and both legs replaced by prostheses which make him stronger and faster than a normal person. This story is based on the science fiction book 'Cyborg' by Martin Caidin. In the world of comic books and films there are a number of examples of people who are given superhuman powers by having technological gadgets built in. Although the latter is not yet possible, the bionic human has now become reality.

  15. Dedollarization in Turkey after decades of dollarization: A myth or reality?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Metin-Özcan, Kıvılcım; Us, Vuslat

    2007-11-01

    The paper analyzes dollarization in the Turkish economy given the evidence on dedollarization signals. On conducting a Vector Autoregression (VAR) model, the empirical evidence suggests that dollarization has mostly been shaped by macroeconomic imbalances as measured by exchange rate depreciation volatility, inflation volatility and expectations. Furthermore, the generalized impulse response function (IRF) analysis, in addition to the analysis of variance decomposition (VDC) gives support to the notion that dollarization seems to sustain its persistent nature, thus hysteresis still prevails. Hence, unfavorable macroeconomic conditions apparently contribute to dollarization while dollarization itself contains inertia. Furthermore, dedollarization that presumably started after 2001 has lost headway after May 2006. Thus, it seems too early to conclude that dollarization changed its route to dedollarization.

  16. 31 CFR 358.10 - How are amounts of less than one dollar credited?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How are amounts of less than one... less than one dollar credited? Only full dollar amounts can be held in CUBES; principal amounts that include cents cannot be held in CUBES. Upon the conversion of coupons to CUBES, amounts of less than...

  17. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to...

  18. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to use...

  19. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to...

  20. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  1. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to...

  2. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to...

  3. Effects of genotype and isolate on expression of dollar spot in seashore paspalum

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum Swartz) is a warm-season turfgrass species primarily utilized on golf courses and athletic fields and is often impacted by dollar spot disease. Dollar spot, caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F.T. Bennett, is a major fungal disease and the most common turfgrass p...

  4. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 1908... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  5. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  6. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  7. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  8. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  9. Winglets Save Billions of Dollars in Fuel Costs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2010-01-01

    The upturned ends now featured on many airplane wings are saving airlines billions of dollars in fuel costs. Called winglets, the drag-reducing technology was advanced through the research of Langley Research Center engineer Richard Whitcomb and through flight tests conducted at Dryden Flight Research Center. Seattle-based Aviation Partners Boeing -- a partnership between Aviation Partners Inc., of Seattle, and The Boeing Company, of Chicago -- manufactures Blended Winglets, a unique design featured on Boeing aircraft around the world. These winglets have saved more than 2 billion gallons of jet fuel to date, representing a cost savings of more than $4 billion and a reduction of almost 21.5 million tons in carbon dioxide emissions.

  10. Extinct and extant sand dollars (Clypeasteroida: Echinoidea) from Uruguay.

    PubMed

    Martínez, Sergio; Mooi, Rich

    2005-12-01

    We summarize information concerning Recent and Pleistocene-Holocene Uruguayan sand dollars (Mellitidae), as well as Miocene taxa (Monophorasteridae). Recent and Pleistocene-Holocene species (Encope emarginata, Mellita quinquiesperforata, and Leodia sexisperforata) are at their southernmost limits of distribution, with only E. emarginata recorded further south than Uruguay. Lower temperatures to the south, and/or the Rio de la Plata salinity barrier are suggested as controlling factors of these distributions. During the Miocene, the sea temperatures were notably higher than at present, and it was at this time that the extinct genera Monophoraster and Amplaster reached their maximum diversity in Uruguay. The family Monophorasteridae is the basal sister group of the Mellitidae. PMID:17471610

  11. Thyroid hormones determine developmental mode in sand dollars (Echinodermata: Echinoidea).

    PubMed

    Heyland, Andreas; Reitzel, Adam M; Hodin, Jason

    2004-01-01

    Evolutionary transitions in larval nutritional mode have occurred on numerous occasions independently in many marine invertebrate phyla. Although the evolutionary transition from feeding to nonfeeding development has received considerable attention through both experimental and theoretical studies, mechanisms underlying the change in life history remain poorly understood. Facultative feeding larvae (larvae that can feed but will complete metamorphosis without food) presumably represent an intermediate developmental mode between obligate feeding and nonfeeding. Here we show that an obligatorily feeding larva can be transformed into a facultative feeding larva when exposed to the thyroid hormone thyroxine. We report that larvae of the subtropical sand dollar Leodia sexiesperforata (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) completed metamorphosis without exogenous food when treated with thyroxine, whereas the starved controls (no thyroxine added) did not. Leodia sexiesperforata juveniles from the thyroxine treatment were viable after metamorphosis but were significantly smaller and contained less energy than sibling juveniles reared with exogenous food. In a second starvation experiment, using an L. sexiesperforata female whose eggs were substantially larger than in the first experiment (202+/-5 vs. 187+/-5 microm), a small percentage of starved L. sexiesperforata larvae completed metamorphosis in the absence of food. Still, thyroxine-treated larvae in this experiment completed metamorphosis faster and in much higher numbers than in the starved controls. Furthermore, starved larvae of the sand dollar Mellita tenuis, which developed from much smaller eggs (100+/-2 microm), did not complete metamorphosis either with or without excess thyroxine. Based on these data, and from recent experiments with other echinoids, we hypothesize that thyroxine plays a major role in echinoderm metamorphosis and the evolution of life history transitions in this group. We discuss our results in the

  12. 77 FR 6865 - Pricing for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-09

    ... United States Mint Pricing for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star- Spangled Banner... Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin products: Introductory Product price Regular price Infantry... Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar Special N/A 51.95 Set Star-Spangled Banner Proof Silver Dollar 49.95...

  13. The challenge of teaching astronomy with 0 dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ros, Rosa Maria; García, Beatriz

    2015-08-01

    The training courses on Astronomy are necessary for teachers in all the countries. Normally they are more necessary in developing countries that in other ones. The challenge is to do this work without expenses. NASE, Network for Astronomy School Education, organizes courses for teachers in service and future teachers practically free of charge. The host country only pays accommodation and meals of NASE visitors. But the most interesting aspect of NASE is that presents a lot of activities to carry out in the classroom by 0 dollars using “learning by doing” methodology. After more than 60 courses in about 20 countries we can show several examples of materials generated by participants themselves during the course. With this materials they can make observations and reasoning about their observations in order to understand the astronomy concepts which appear in the curricula of different levels of formal education.Waste materials, cardboard or paper, pieces of string or wire, a stick or a CD, some milk or a drop of oil can be very useful to produce a spectrograph, a photometer, a sundial, a goniometer or a quadrant. The imagination and creativity can replace funding which are difficult to achieve in secondary and primary schools in small towns or villages. NASE is a solution for teachers. which discover that they can explain, in a simple way, complex concepts using models and observations that do not need any money!Participants in NASE courses receive instructions in order to work with NASE materials and after the courses they can find (and create) complementary materials at the NASE website, in order to continue working in the same way. We receive some contributions from some of them that we publish at our web.http:www.naseprogram.org

  14. A 'demand side' estimate of the dollar value of the cannabis black market in New Zealand.

    PubMed

    Wilkins, Chris; Bhatta, Krishna; Casswell, Sally

    2002-06-01

    The dollar value of an illicit drug market is an important statistic in drug policy analysis. It can be used to illustrate the scale of the trade in a drug; evaluate its impact on a local community or nation; provide an indication of the level of criminality related to a drug; and can inform discussions of future drug policy options. This paper calculates the first ever demand side estimates of the New Zealand cannabis black market. The estimates produced are calculated using cannabis consumption data from the Alcohol & Public Health Research Unit's (APHRU) 1998 National Drug Survey. The wholesale value of the market is estimated to be 81.3-104.6 million dollars a year, and the retail value of the market is estimated to be 131.3-168.9 million dollars a year. These demand side estimates are much lower than the existing supply side estimates of the market calculated using police seizures of cannabis plants. The retail figure is four times lower than the lowest national supply side estimate (636 million dollars) and seven times lower than the highest national supply side estimate (1.27 billion dollars). The demand side estimates suggest a much smaller cannabis economy to fuel organized criminal activity in New Zealand than previous estimates implied.

  15. Band reporting rates for mallards with reward bands of different dollar values

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nichols, J.D.; Blohm, R.J.; Reynolds, R.E.; Trost, R.E.; Hines, J.E.; Bladen, J.P.

    1991-01-01

    Adult male mallards (Anas platyrhynchos ) were banded in summer 1987 with reward bands of different dollar values (0-$400) to determine the lowest dollar value that would yield a reporting rate approaching 1.0. During the 1987-88 and 1988-89 hunting seasons, rewards of between 50 and $100 were required to yield a reporting rate near 1.0. We estimated reporting rate of standard bands to be 0.32. Reward bands with 5 and $10 values produced reporting rates that were 1.5-2.0 times as large as those of standard bands. We developed a linear-logistic model to predict reporting rate as a function of the dollar value of reward bands.

  16. IRS Notice 2002-8 clarifies split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    PubMed

    Ledbetter, Thomas L

    2002-04-01

    Healthcare organizations that sponsor split-dollar life insurance arrangements for employees need to understand the tax treatment of such arrangements. IRS Notice 2002-8 clarifies this issue. The notice announces the IRS's intention to publish final regulations regarding the taxation of split-dollar life insurance, outlines the expected provisions to be included in the regulations, provides guidance on the value of economic benefit provided under such arrangements, and issues rules for the taxation of arrangements entered into before the publication of final rules.

  17. How the Dollar's Value Affects U.S. Farm Exports to Developing Countries. Foreign Agricultural Economic Report Number 237.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burfisher, Mary E.

    United States exports may not necessarily increase when the dollar falls on the world market. Conventional thinking is that a weaker dollar means more demand for U.S. products because they become less expensive than goods from countries with stronger currencies. However, developing countries whose export revenues are denominated in the weakening…

  18. 77 FR 14600 - Pricing for 2012 Kennedy Half-Dollar Bags and Rolls, Bronze Medals, the First Spouse Bronze Medal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ... United States Mint Pricing for 2012 Kennedy Half-Dollar Bags and Rolls, Bronze Medals, the First Spouse Bronze Medal Set and the Birth Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing 2012 pricing for Kennedy Half-Dollar bags and rolls,...

  19. 13 CFR 124.506 - At what dollar threshold must an 8(a) procurement be competed among eligible Participants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS 8(a) Business Development Contractual Assistance § 124.506 At what dollar threshold must an 8(a..., Subpart A, 8(a) Business Development, contains acquisition-related dollar thresholds subject...

  20. 13 CFR 124.506 - At what dollar threshold must an 8(a) procurement be competed among eligible Participants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS 8(a) Business Development Contractual Assistance § 124.506 At what dollar threshold must an 8(a..., Subpart A, 8(a) Business Development, contains acquisition-related dollar thresholds subject...

  1. 26 CFR 1.985-2 - Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... prior to January 1987, as measured by the consumer price index of Country Z listed in the monthly issues... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Election to use the United States dollar as the... Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU. (a) Background and...

  2. We Want Our 27 Million Dollars back: Retention as a Revenue Resource

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Raymond T.; Liguori, Denise; O'Connor, Dianna; Postle, Monica

    2009-01-01

    Community colleges lose millions of dollars in potential revenue due to lackluster retention and graduation rates. It is time for change! Bergen Community College (BCC) has made a unique commitment to concentrate solely on this issue. Learn how the establishment of the Department of Retention Services, with its cutting edge initiatives, is…

  3. Sliding U.S. Dollar Packs a Wallop to Wallets Worldwide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Quinn

    2008-01-01

    The dollar, once one of the world's strongest currencies, has fallen dramatically in recent years--a development impacting attitudes from corporate boardrooms to the sets of music videos where artists are choosing to flash the euro over American cash. When measured against a collection of other leading worldwide currencies--like the European euro,…

  4. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  5. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  6. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  7. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  8. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION...

  9. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (Step 7) and for each of the classes of non-interest-bearing liabilities described in paragraph (e)(3... the liability was outstanding during the balance sheet period. (vii) Step 7—adjust dollar income and... § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) may amend...

  10. Building Literacy in Afterschool. Dollar General Afterschool Literacy Issue Brief. No. 67

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Afterschool Alliance, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with Dollar General Literacy Foundation, is proud to present this issue brief examining the vital role afterschool programs play to build students' literacy skills. This issue brief will explore the additional support needed to help students with their reading, writing and critical thinking skills, as well…

  11. Evaluation of seashore paspalum germplasm for resistance to dollar spot disease

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Development of seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum Swartz) cultivars that exhibit resistance to dollar spot disease, caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F.T. Bennett, are needed. Seashore paspalum is a warm-season turfgrass often utilized on golf courses and athletic fields in the southeastern Unite...

  12. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar: How Innovation Can Improve Access, Equity, and Affordability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Andrew P., Ed.; Carey, Kevin, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    In this provocative volume, higher education experts explore innovative ways that colleges and universities can unbundle the various elements of the college experience while assessing costs and benefits and realizing savings. "Stretching the Higher Education Dollar" traces the reform continuum from incremental to more ambitious efforts.…

  13. When Private Schools Take Public Dollars: What's the Place of Accountability in School Voucher Programs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Hentges, Christina M.; Petrilli, Michael J.; Winkler, Amber M.

    2009-01-01

    Critics of school voucher programs argue that private schools that receive taxpayer dollars should be held accountable to the same standards as public schools. School choice supporters counter that private schools should be left alone to answer to the parents of their students. The authors advocate for a re-visit to the discussion of…

  14. 77 FR 54659 - Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ... United States Mint Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing a price of $54.95... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: B. B. Craig, Associate Director for Sales and Marketing; United States...

  15. Suburb-to-suburb intercity travel: Energy, time and dollar expenditures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fels, M. F.

    1976-01-01

    The effect of adding suburb to terminal and terminal to suburb travel is examined. The energy consumed in entire trips was estimated. The total energy costs are compared with total travel times, and dollar costs to the traveler. Trips between origins in seven suburbs of Newark, New Jersey and destinations in two Washington, D. C. suburbs are analyzed.

  16. 31 CFR 500.580 - Authorization of U.S. dollar clearing transactions involving North Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... transactions involving North Korea. 500.580 Section 500.580 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... Authorization of U.S. dollar clearing transactions involving North Korea. Banking institutions organized under... North Korea or a national thereof has an interest. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction who...

  17. When Private Schools Take Public Dollars: What's the Place of Accountability in School Voucher Programs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Hentges, Christina M.; Petrilli, Michael J.; Winkler, Amber M.

    2009-01-01

    Of all the arguments that critics of school voucher programs advance, the one that may resonate loudest with the public concerns school accountability. Opponents say it's not fair to hold public schools accountable for their results (under No Child Left Behind and similar systems) and then let private schools receive taxpayer dollars--however…

  18. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... clearing transactions involving Iran. 560.516 Section 560.516 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran. (a) United States depository institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds to or from Iran, or for the direct or...

  19. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any...

  20. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... clearing transactions involving Iran. 560.516 Section 560.516 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran. (a) United States depository institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds to or from Iran, or for the direct or...

  1. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any...

  2. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any...

  3. 76 FR 71271 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... information is contained in the Common Crop Insurance Policy Basic Provisions (Basic Provisions). Therefore...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Federal Crop Insurance Corporation 7 CFR Part 457 RIN 0563-AC32 Common Crop... amend the Common Crop Insurance Regulations, Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions....

  4. 43 CFR 3214.13 - What is the minimum dollar amount required for a bond?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What is the minimum dollar amount required for a bond? 3214.13 Section 3214.13 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING Personal and Surety Bonds §...

  5. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... life insurance arrangement (as defined in paragraph (b) of this section) is subject to the rules of...) Overview. Paragraph (b) of this section defines a split-dollar life insurance arrangement and provides... the non-owner (as defined in paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section) of a life insurance contract that...

  6. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... life insurance arrangement (as defined in paragraph (b) of this section) is subject to the rules of...) Overview. Paragraph (b) of this section defines a split-dollar life insurance arrangement and provides... the non-owner (as defined in paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section) of a life insurance contract that...

  7. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (d) A matrix showing the most recent escalation adjustments of...

  8. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (d) A matrix showing the most recent escalation adjustments of...

  9. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (a) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012... adjustment for inflation in accordance with the requirements of 41 U.S.C. 1908, and is adjusted pursuant...

  10. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (a) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012... adjustment for inflation in accordance with the requirements of 41 U.S.C. 1908, and is adjusted pursuant...

  11. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (a) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012... adjustment for inflation in accordance with the requirements of 41 U.S.C. 1908, and is adjusted pursuant...

  12. Study of State Energy Conservation Program: 1979 energy savings indicators. [Estimated Btu's and dollars

    SciTech Connect

    1980-06-01

    This study reviewed 1979 energy savings reports provided by states for conservation measures in four major categories of State Energy Conservation Program services, namely: (1) industrial, commercial, and institutional; (2) residential; (3) thermal and lighting; and (4) transportation. Conservation measures in these categories constitute a major portion of the total estimated 1980 savings for the State Energy Conservation Program. This study only addressed measures in these categories for which usable documentation had been submitted by states. Based on a review of measures supported by available documentation, the study estimates that energy savings associated with the conservation measures reviewed were 108 TBtu's for the calendar year 1979. These estimated energy savings for 1979 were converted into 540 million dollars for 1979 and 2.8 billion dollars over the projected life of the conservation measures.

  13. NBER working paper series: oil and the dollar. Working Paper No. 554

    SciTech Connect

    Krugman, P.

    1980-01-01

    This paper develops a simple theoretical model of the effect of an oil price increase on exchange rates. The model shows that the direction of this effect depends on a comparison of the direct balance of payments burden of the higher oil price with the indirect balance of payments benefits of OPEC spending and investment. In the short run, what matters is whether the US share of world oil imports is more or less than its share of OPEC asset holdings; in the long run, whether its share of oil imports is more or less than its share of OPEC imports. Casual empiricism suggests that the initial effect and the long run effect will run in opposite directions; an oil price increase will initially lead to dollar appreciation, but eventually leads to dollar depreciation.

  14. 20th century U.S. mineral prices decline in constant dollars

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sullivan, Daniel E.; Sznopek, John L.; Wagner, Lorie A.

    2000-01-01

    Price indexes developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) indicate that the long-term constant dollar price of key U.S. mineral raw materials declined over the last century, even though the need for mineral raw materials increased during the same period. Technologies and reduced production costs have allowed mineral production to remain profitable, while lower priced mineral products from domestic and foreign sources helped fuel growth in other sectors of the economy.

  15. Stretching the School Dollar: A Brief for State Policymakers. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.; Roza, Marguerite

    2011-01-01

    After years of non-stop increases--national k-12 per-pupil spending is up by "one-third" in inflation-adjusted dollars since 1995--schools now face the near-certainty of repeated annual budget cuts for the first time since the Great Depression. In some states and districts, reductions will be dramatic--well into the double digits. And these new…

  16. Florida hospital saves 5.3 M dollars by adopting principles of lean manufacturing.

    PubMed

    2005-01-01

    Florida hospital saves 5.3M dollars by adopting principles of lean manufacturing. Surgery cancellations have been slashed from 13% of cases to less than 3%, while emergency department admissions have increased by 20%. Those are just two of the results of a quality improvement project at Lee Memorial Health System in Fort Myers, FL, that focused on using the principles of lean manufacturing to improve patient flow in the five-hospital system

  17. Sensitization and histamine release by cells of the sand dollar, Mellita quinquiesperforata.

    PubMed

    Smith, S L; Smith, A C

    1985-01-01

    The coelomic fluid of the sand dollar, Mellita quinquiesperforata, contains cells (coelomocytes) that release red granules when the animal is stressed. Preliminary evidence suggests that the red pigment is protective, but its release from the coelomocytes is similar to that of allergy-inducing mediators from mammalian basophils and mast cells. The present study revealed further links with allergy, e.g., the coelomocytes can be sensitized to foreign proteins and release histamine on challenge. These and other findings suggest that the coelomocyte stress response may be an evolutionary precursor to the mammalian allergic response. PMID:2417896

  18. Holistic morphometric analysis of growth of the sand dollar Echinarachnius parma (Echinodermata:Echinoidea:Clypeasteroida).

    PubMed

    Zachos, Louis G

    2015-01-01

    Holistic morphometrics is a term implying complete shape characterization of all of the structural parts of an organism. The skeleton of an echinoid is comprised of hundreds of individual plates arranged in a closed 3-dimensional mosaic forming the test. GIS software and techniques were used to generate topologically correct digital models of an ontogenetic series of specimens of the sand dollar echinoid Echinarachnius parma. Plate growth can be considered in proportion to overall skeleton growth, resulting in a linear model of relative growth. Alternatively, separate logistic equations can be fit to the ontogenetic series of homologous plate areas using nonlinear least squares regression to result in a model for instantaneous growth. The linear and logistic parameters of the models describe the allometric growth of plates from different viewpoints. Growth is shown to fall into characteristic patterns defining distinct plate growth domains associated with development of the imago (larval) skeleton just prior to metamorphosis, early growth associated with expansion of the corona and fold-over (forming the flattened body form), juvenile growth and formation of petals, and adult growth. Functions of growth, plate translocation, plate juxtaposition between aboral and oral surfaces, and relationships with internal buttressing are quantified. Results offer explanations for general skeletal symmetry, distinction between ambulacral and interambulacral growth, the relationship of growth to internal buttressing, existence of a distinct petalodium, and anterior-posterior asymmetry during development. The parametric values of growth functions derived from the results are a basis for computational modeling of growth and development in sand dollars. PMID:26701420

  19. Holistic morphometric analysis of growth of the sand dollar Echinarachnius parma (Echinodermata:Echinoidea:Clypeasteroida).

    PubMed

    Zachos, Louis G

    2015-12-02

    Holistic morphometrics is a term implying complete shape characterization of all of the structural parts of an organism. The skeleton of an echinoid is comprised of hundreds of individual plates arranged in a closed 3-dimensional mosaic forming the test. GIS software and techniques were used to generate topologically correct digital models of an ontogenetic series of specimens of the sand dollar echinoid Echinarachnius parma. Plate growth can be considered in proportion to overall skeleton growth, resulting in a linear model of relative growth. Alternatively, separate logistic equations can be fit to the ontogenetic series of homologous plate areas using nonlinear least squares regression to result in a model for instantaneous growth. The linear and logistic parameters of the models describe the allometric growth of plates from different viewpoints. Growth is shown to fall into characteristic patterns defining distinct plate growth domains associated with development of the imago (larval) skeleton just prior to metamorphosis, early growth associated with expansion of the corona and fold-over (forming the flattened body form), juvenile growth and formation of petals, and adult growth. Functions of growth, plate translocation, plate juxtaposition between aboral and oral surfaces, and relationships with internal buttressing are quantified. Results offer explanations for general skeletal symmetry, distinction between ambulacral and interambulacral growth, the relationship of growth to internal buttressing, existence of a distinct petalodium, and anterior-posterior asymmetry during development. The parametric values of growth functions derived from the results are a basis for computational modeling of growth and development in sand dollars.

  20. 13 CFR 124.519 - Are there any dollar limits on the amount of 8(a) contracts that a Participant may receive?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS 8(a) Business Development Contractual Assistance § 124.519 Are there any dollar limits on the... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Are there any dollar limits on...

  1. 13 CFR 124.519 - Are there any dollar limits on the amount of 8(a) contracts that a Participant may receive?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS DETERMINATIONS 8(a) Business Development Contractual Assistance § 124.519 Are there any dollar limits on the... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Are there any dollar limits on...

  2. Fingerprint detection on counterfeit US dollar banknotes: the importance of preliminary paper examination.

    PubMed

    Azoury, Myriam; Cohen, Drorit; Himberg, Kimmo; Qvintus-Leino, Pia; Saari, Terhi; Almog, Joseph

    2004-09-01

    Two seizures of counterfeit 100 US dollar bills related to the same indicative number were submitted for processing of latent fingerprints. On one group of notes, identifiable fingerprints could be detected by the routine application of amino acid reagents. In the second case, this technique gave no results, even on deliberately deposited prints. Fingerprints could be revealed, however, by cyanoacrylate fuming followed by magnetic powder. Comprehensive paper analysis showed that banknotes from both seizures differed remarkably by chemical composition as well as paper macroscopic properties. The difference in surface free energy (related to surface tension) of the banknotes in the two groups seemed to be the major factor responsible for the great variance in fingerprint detectability.

  3. Phase transition of dynamical herd behaviors for Yen Dollar exchange rates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoon, Seong-Min; Choi, J. S.; Kim, Y.; Kim, Kyungsik

    2006-01-01

    We study the herd behavior and the phase transition for the yen-dollar exchange rate in the Japanese financial market. It is obtained that the probability distribution of returns satisfies the power-law behavior P(R)≃R with scaling exponents β=3.11, 2.81, and 2.29 at time intervals τ=1min, 30min, and 1 h. The crash region in which the probability density increases with the increasing return appears, when the herding parameter h satisfies h⩾2.33 for the case of τ<30min. We especially obtain that no crash occurs τ>30min and that the probability distribution of price returns occurs in the phase transition at τ=30min.

  4. Food, feeding and absorption efficiencies of the sand dollar, Mellita quinquiesperforata (Leske)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lane, Jacqueline M.; Lawrence, John M.

    1982-04-01

    The sand dollar, Melitta quinquiesperforata, is a ciliary-mucoid feeder, selective for <62 μm (silt-clay) size fraction of surface sediments. Lipid is the primary component of the organic fraction of silt-clay; levels were highest in May and June (17%) and lowest in December and January (8%). Mellita absorbed primarily lipid from the silt-clay; absorption efficiency of all biochemical components was highest in May and June (67 and 61%) and lowest in December and January (negative values). M. quinquiesperforata fed almost continuously with rate of feeding being higher in small animals and at warmer, summer water temperatures. There was significantly more food in the gut at night than in the day.

  5. Reassessment of NRC`s dollar per person-rem conversion factor policy

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has completed a review and analysis of its dollar per person-rem conversion factor policy. As a result of this review, the NRC has decided to adopt a $2000 per person-rem conversion factor, subject it to present worth considerations, and limit its scope solely to health effects. This is in contrast to the previous policy and staff practice of using an undiscounted $1000 per person-rem conversion factor that served as a surrogate for all offsite consequences (health and offsite property). The policy shift has been incorporated in ``Regulatory Analysis Guidelines of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission,`` NUREG/BR-0058, Revision 2, November 1995.

  6. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... laws. As such, the provisions of 38 CFR 3.114(a) apply when determining the effective date of an award... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Effective Dates § 3.405 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar...

  7. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... laws. As such, the provisions of 38 CFR 3.114(a) apply when determining the effective date of an award... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Effective Dates § 3.405 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar...

  8. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... laws. As such, the provisions of 38 CFR 3.114(a) apply when determining the effective date of an award... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Effective Dates § 3.405 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar...

  9. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... laws. As such, the provisions of 38 CFR 3.114(a) apply when determining the effective date of an award... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Effective Dates § 3.405 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar...

  10. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... laws. As such, the provisions of 38 CFR 3.114(a) apply when determining the effective date of an award... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Effective Dates § 3.405 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar...

  11. 76 FR 5819 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate... following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program. OMB...

  12. 75 FR 62413 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home...

  13. Dollars Equal the Margin of Excellence. Southern Association of Community and Junior Colleges Occasional Paper, Volume 5, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Lex

    Finding the dollars needed to operate a college is a major challenge, especially for educational leaders endeavoring to raise their institutions' overall level of excellence. In many Southeastern states, two-year colleges have responded to declines in revenue by increasing tuition and other fees and in some cases putting the cost of college beyond…

  14. Maximizing federal Medicaid dollars: nursing home provider tax adoption, 2000-2004.

    PubMed

    Miller, Edward Alan; Wang, Lili

    2009-12-01

    Since Medicaid is jointly financed by the federal and state governments, state officials have sought to offset state expenditures by maximizing federal contributions. One such strategy is to adopt a provider tax, which enables states to collect revenues from providers; those revenues are then used to pay for services rendered to Medicaid recipients, thereby leveraging federal matching dollars without concomitant increases in state expenditures. The number of states adopting a nursing home tax increased from thirteen to thirty-one between 2000 and 2004. This study seeks to identify the factors that spurred the rapid increase in nursing home provider taxes following implementation of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Results indicate that states with more powerful nursing home lobbies, lower proportions of private pay nursing home residents, worse fiscal health, weaker fiscal capacity, broader Medicaid eligibility, and nursing home supply restrictions were more likely to adopt. This implies that state officials react rationally to prevailing fiscal and programmatic circumstances when formulating policy under Medicaid and that providers seek relief, in part, from the adverse fiscal consequences of federal policy changes by promoting policy change at the state level. PMID:20018986

  15. Phylogeography of the sand dollar genus Mellita: cryptic speciation along the coasts of the Americas.

    PubMed

    Coppard, Simon E; Zigler, Kirk S; Lessios, H A

    2013-12-01

    Sand dollars of the genus Mellita are members of the sandy shallow-water fauna. The genus ranges in tropical and subtropical regions on the two coasts of the Americas. To reconstruct the phylogeography of the genus we sequenced parts of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I and of 16S rRNA as well as part of the nuclear 28S rRNA gene from a total of 185 specimens of all ten described morphospecies from 31 localities. Our analyses revealed the presence of eleven species, including six cryptic species. Sequences of five morphospecies do not constitute monophyletic molecular units and thus probably represent ecophenotypic variants. The fossil-calibrated phylogeny showed that the ancestor of Mellita diverged into a Pacific lineage and an Atlantic+Pacific lineage close to the Miocene/Pliocene boundary. Atlantic M. tenuis, M. quinquiesperforata and two undescribed species of Mellita have non-overlapping distributions. Pacific Mellita consist of two highly divergent lineages that became established at different times, resulting in sympatric M. longifissa and M. notabilis. Judged by modern day ranges, not all divergence in this genus conforms to an allopatric speciation model. Only the separation of M. quinquiesperforata from M. notabilis is clearly due to vicariance as the result of the completion of the Isthmus of Panama. The molecular phylogeny calibrated on fossil evidence estimated this event as having occurred ~3 Ma, thus providing evidence that, contrary to a recent proposal, the central American Isthmus was not completed until this date. PMID:23792155

  16. How many cents on the dollar? Women and men in product markets.

    PubMed

    Kricheli-Katz, Tamar; Regev, Tali

    2016-02-01

    Gender inequality in contemporary U.S. society is a well-documented, widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about gender disparities in product markets. This study is the first to use actual market data to study the behavior of women and men as sellers and buyers and differences in market outcomes. We analyze a unique and large data set containing all eBay auction transactions of most popular products by private sellers between the years 2009 and 2012. Women sellers received a smaller number of bids and lower final prices than did equally qualified men sellers of the exact same product. On average, women sellers received about 80 cents for every dollar a man received when selling the identical new product and 97 cents when selling the same used product. These findings held even after controlling for the sentiments that appear in the text of the sellers' listings. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that this gap varied by the type of the product being sold. As a policy, eBay does not reveal the gender of users. We attribute the price differences to the ability of buyers to discern the gender of the seller. We present results from an experiment that shows that people accurately identify the gender of sellers on the basis of typical information provided in postings. We supplement the analysis with an additional off-eBay experiment showing that, in a controlled setting, people are willing to pay less for money-value gift cards when they are sold by women rather than men. PMID:26989770

  17. Estimating dollar-value outcomes of workman`s compensation claims using radial basis function networks

    SciTech Connect

    Hancock, M.F. Jr.

    1995-12-31

    The National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) maintains a national data base of outcomes of workers` compensation claims. We consider whether a radial basis function network can predict the total dollar value of a claim based upon medical and demographic indicators (MDI`s). This work used data from 12,130 workers` compensation claims collected over a period of four years from the state of New Mexico. Two problems were addressed: (1) How well can the total incurred medical expense for all claims be predicted from available MDI`s? For individual claims? (2) How well can the duration of disability be predicted from available MDI`s? The available features intuitively correlated with total medical cost were selected, including type of injury, part of body injured, person`s age at time of injury, gender, marital status, etc. These features were statistically standardized and sorted by correlation with outcome valuation. Principal component analysis was applied. A radial basis function neural network was applied to the feature sets in both supervised and unsupervised training modes. For sets used in training, individual case valuations could consistently be predicted to within $1000 over 98% of the time. For these sets, it was possible to predict total medical expense for the training sets themselves to within 10%. When applied as blind tests against sets which were NOT part of the training data, the prediction was within 15% on the whole sets. Results on individual cases were very poor in only 30% of the cases were the predictions for the training sets within $1000 of their actual valuations. Single-factor analysis suggested that the presence of an attorney strongly decorrelated the data. A simple stratification was performed to remove cases involving attorneys and contested claims, and the procedures above repeated. Preliminary results based upon the very limited effort applied indicate that NCCI data support population estimates, but not single-point estimates.

  18. How many cents on the dollar? Women and men in product markets.

    PubMed

    Kricheli-Katz, Tamar; Regev, Tali

    2016-02-01

    Gender inequality in contemporary U.S. society is a well-documented, widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about gender disparities in product markets. This study is the first to use actual market data to study the behavior of women and men as sellers and buyers and differences in market outcomes. We analyze a unique and large data set containing all eBay auction transactions of most popular products by private sellers between the years 2009 and 2012. Women sellers received a smaller number of bids and lower final prices than did equally qualified men sellers of the exact same product. On average, women sellers received about 80 cents for every dollar a man received when selling the identical new product and 97 cents when selling the same used product. These findings held even after controlling for the sentiments that appear in the text of the sellers' listings. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that this gap varied by the type of the product being sold. As a policy, eBay does not reveal the gender of users. We attribute the price differences to the ability of buyers to discern the gender of the seller. We present results from an experiment that shows that people accurately identify the gender of sellers on the basis of typical information provided in postings. We supplement the analysis with an additional off-eBay experiment showing that, in a controlled setting, people are willing to pay less for money-value gift cards when they are sold by women rather than men.

  19. How many cents on the dollar? Women and men in product markets

    PubMed Central

    Kricheli-Katz, Tamar; Regev, Tali

    2016-01-01

    Gender inequality in contemporary U.S. society is a well-documented, widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about gender disparities in product markets. This study is the first to use actual market data to study the behavior of women and men as sellers and buyers and differences in market outcomes. We analyze a unique and large data set containing all eBay auction transactions of most popular products by private sellers between the years 2009 and 2012. Women sellers received a smaller number of bids and lower final prices than did equally qualified men sellers of the exact same product. On average, women sellers received about 80 cents for every dollar a man received when selling the identical new product and 97 cents when selling the same used product. These findings held even after controlling for the sentiments that appear in the text of the sellers’ listings. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that this gap varied by the type of the product being sold. As a policy, eBay does not reveal the gender of users. We attribute the price differences to the ability of buyers to discern the gender of the seller. We present results from an experiment that shows that people accurately identify the gender of sellers on the basis of typical information provided in postings. We supplement the analysis with an additional off-eBay experiment showing that, in a controlled setting, people are willing to pay less for money-value gift cards when they are sold by women rather than men. PMID:26989770

  20. Thermal stress in Larvae of the sand dollar (Dendraster excentricus) induces changes in hsp70 gen expression

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olivares-Bañuelos, T.; Garcia-Echauri, L.; Figueroa-Flores, S.; Carpizo-Ituarte, E.

    2010-03-01

    The relationship between temperature and individual performance is reasonably well understood, and much climate-related research has focused on potential shifts in distribution and abundance driven directly by temperature(1). It is known, that global climate change has profound implications for marine ecosystems and the economic and social systems that depend upon them. In virtually all organisms, including equinoderms, cells respond to a variety of stresses, as temperature changes, by the rapid synthesis of a highly conserved set of polypeptides termed heat shock proteins (HSPs) (2). Differential Hsp expression among species may allow functionally important genetic variation to cope with thermal stress and other environmental stressors, allowing populations to respond effectively to environmental change. The aim of the present work was to elucidate the effect of different temperatures on hsp70 expression in larvae of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus. We are interested to understand what is how organisms that live in estuaries respond to global warming. We did thermo tolerance assays whit 3 different larval stages of the sand dollar, including 8 arms plutei, competent and metamorphic larvae. We tested 4 experimental temperatures (4, 20, 26, and 29°C) and 3 different times (1, 3 and 6 hours). After each treatment, total RNA was extracted and used to quantify hsp70 expression levels using real time PCR analysis. We detected, after 6 hours of thermal stress, the highest over-expression levels of hsp70 in both metamorphic and competent larvae. In 8 arms pluetus larvae, no significant differences in hsp70 expression were observed after the exposure to the experimental temperatures. Taking together our results, indicate that larvae of Dendraster excentricus are responding according to their development stage to cope with thermal-stress. The capability of sand dollar larvae to acclimate and respond effectively to the climatic change would be determinated by the sea

  1. 38 CFR 3.42 - Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States. 3.42 Section 3.42 Pensions... Filipino veterans residing in the United States. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1)...

  2. 38 CFR 3.42 - Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States. 3.42 Section 3.42 Pensions... Filipino veterans residing in the United States. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1)...

  3. 38 CFR 3.42 - Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States. 3.42 Section 3.42 Pensions... Filipino veterans residing in the United States. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1)...

  4. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. 3.43... for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. (a) Definitions....

  5. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. 3.43... for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. (a) Definitions....

  6. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. 3.43... for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. (a) Definitions....

  7. 38 CFR 3.42 - Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States. 3.42 Section 3.42 Pensions... Filipino veterans residing in the United States. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1)...

  8. 38 CFR 3.42 - Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States. 3.42 Section 3.42 Pensions... Filipino veterans residing in the United States. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1)...

  9. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. 3.43... for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. (a) Definitions....

  10. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. 3.43... for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. (a) Definitions....

  11. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation Estimate) A Appendix A to Part 1215 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS)...

  12. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... users. Due to the advent of commercial launch service customers, an addendum will be required to reflect..., the rates are slightly different for CSLA customers. CSLA customer rates: 1. Single Access Service... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars...

  13. The Economic Benefits of Personnel Selection Using Ability Tests: A State of the Art Review Including a Detailed Analysis of the Dollar Benefit of U.S. Employment Service Placements and a Critique of the Low-Cutoff Method of Test Use. USES Test Research Report No. 47.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, John E.

    The economic impact of optimal selection using ability tests is far higher than is commonly known. For small organizations, dollar savings from higher productivity can run into millions of dollars a year. This report estimates the potential savings to the Federal Government as an employer as being 15.61 billion dollars per year if tests were given…

  14. Rethinking competence in marine life cycles: ontogenetic changes in the settlement response of sand dollar larvae exposed to turbulence

    PubMed Central

    Hodin, Jason; Ferner, Matthew C.; Ng, Gabriel; Lowe, Christopher J.; Gaylord, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Complex life cycles have evolved independently numerous times in marine animals as well as in disparate algae. Such life histories typically involve a dispersive immature stage followed by settlement and metamorphosis to an adult stage on the sea floor. One commonality among animals exhibiting transitions of this type is that their larvae pass through a ‘precompetent’ period in which they do not respond to localized settlement cues, before entering a ‘competent’ period, during which cues can induce settlement. Despite the widespread existence of these two phases, relatively little is known about how larvae transition between them. Moreover, recent studies have blurred the distinction between the phases by demonstrating that fluid turbulence can spark precocious activation of competence. Here, we further investigate this phenomenon by exploring how larval interactions with turbulence change across ontogeny, focusing on offspring of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus (Eschscholtz). Our data indicate that larvae exhibit increased responsiveness to turbulence as they get older. We also demonstrate a likely cost to precocious competence: the resulting juveniles are smaller. Based upon these findings, we outline a new, testable conception of competence that has the potential to reshape our understanding of larval dispersal and connectivity among marine populations. PMID:26543587

  15. Cancer Drugs Provide Positive Value In Nine Countries, But The United States Lags In Health Gains Per Dollar Spent.

    PubMed

    Salas-Vega, Sebastian; Mossialos, Elias

    2016-05-01

    Cancer drugs account for a growing share of health care expenditure, raising questions about how much value is gained from their use. We used a proprietary international data set to examine real-world cancer drug consumption and expenditure in the period 2004-14 in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States and to explore the value obtained. Even after adjusting for population and epidemiological factors, we found that the United States spent more than the other countries on cancer drugs, yet it often had lower utilization. All nine countries-most notably France and Japan-witnessed an improvement in neoplasm-related years of potential life lost, which suggests that although the costs of drugs have risen, their therapeutic benefits have increased as well. Net economic value derived from cancer drug expenditures appears to have remained positive, with base-case analyses indicating that the United States obtained an estimated $32.6 billion in net positive return from cancer drug care in 2014. However, the United States lags behind other countries in health gains obtained per dollar spent on cancer drugs, which suggests an opportunity to improve value in the oncology drug market. PMID:27140987

  16. Cancer Drugs Provide Positive Value In Nine Countries, But The United States Lags In Health Gains Per Dollar Spent.

    PubMed

    Salas-Vega, Sebastian; Mossialos, Elias

    2016-05-01

    Cancer drugs account for a growing share of health care expenditure, raising questions about how much value is gained from their use. We used a proprietary international data set to examine real-world cancer drug consumption and expenditure in the period 2004-14 in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States and to explore the value obtained. Even after adjusting for population and epidemiological factors, we found that the United States spent more than the other countries on cancer drugs, yet it often had lower utilization. All nine countries-most notably France and Japan-witnessed an improvement in neoplasm-related years of potential life lost, which suggests that although the costs of drugs have risen, their therapeutic benefits have increased as well. Net economic value derived from cancer drug expenditures appears to have remained positive, with base-case analyses indicating that the United States obtained an estimated $32.6 billion in net positive return from cancer drug care in 2014. However, the United States lags behind other countries in health gains obtained per dollar spent on cancer drugs, which suggests an opportunity to improve value in the oncology drug market.

  17. A new genus of mellitid sand dollar (Echinoidea: Mellitidae) from the eastern Pacific coast of the Americas.

    PubMed

    Coppard, Simon E

    2016-01-01

    Lanthonia gen. nov. Coppard 2016 is a genus of clypeasteroid sand dollar whose members inhabit shallow, sandy waters from Mexico (including the Gulf of California) to Colombia in the tropical and subtropical eastern Pacific. Lanthonia includes Lanthonia longifissa (Michelin, 1858) and Lanthonia grantii (Mortensen, 1948), with L. longifissa hereby designated as the type species. Both L. longifissa and L. grantii were previously placed in the genus Mellita (L. Agassiz, 1841). However, levels of genetic divergence between a lineage containing L. longifissa and L. grantii and a lineage containing all other species of Mellita, including the type species M. quinquiesperforata (Leske, 1778), indicate genus level differentiation. The systematic interpretation of this group also supports the designation of this new genus as it allows the tree topology to be recovered from the nomenclature and clarifies the historical biogeography of these clades. This has resulted in members of both lineages today being sympatric in the eastern Pacific. Members of Lanthonia are morphologically differentiated from the type species of Mellita and all Pacific Mellita in having very narrow ambulacral regions between the food grooves and the ambulacral lunules on the oral surface, these being very broad in both M. quinquiesperforata and M. notabilis. The dentation of the bidentate pedicellariae also differentiate these genera, with small peripheral teeth present along the edge of the blade in species of Lanthonia and one to three enlarged intersecting teeth present distally in all species of Mellita. PMID:27394905

  18. Subsidized then scrutinized. Reform will bring billions of dollars to the industry, but it could also deliver added examination of executive pay.

    PubMed

    Galloro, Vince; Vesely, Rebecca; Zigmond, Jessica

    2010-08-16

    With more government involvement comes more government attention. That's the lesson about executive pay healthcare CEOs could learn as the reform law and its ramifications settle into place. "It's important for the people who are scraping together the dollars to pay their health insurance premiums to know what luxurious lives these CEOs are leading. They're living in a parallel universe", says U.S. Rep. Jan Schakowsky, left.

  19. Saving Energy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cray, Douglas W.

    1993-01-01

    The Comprehensive National Energy Policy Act of 1992 encourages energy-conservation measures and proposes matching federal energy-conservation funds with state programs to achieve energy conservation in public buildings. Presents a sampler of conservation projects in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Florida, and Minnesota. (MLF)

  20. Dollar$ and Sense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Reginald

    2012-01-01

    When fans of intercollegiate basketball see the month of March approach, they know it's time for the near-marathon round of March Madness when the best of the nation's college basketball teams square off in a battle to the finish for the NCAA Division I championship. It's the month when basketball powerhouses seek to reaffirm their status and…

  1. Getting Your Dollar's Worth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shackell, Wallace K., Jr.

    Designed as a secondary level consumer education text dealing with how to use your money wisely, this booklet makes use of stories, skits, and cartoon drawings to dramatize the everyday life of a consumer. It tells how to buy cars, how to use credit (charge accounts, credit cards, life insurance, credit unions, passbook savings, commercial banks,…

  2. Saving Energy Dollars Now.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buck, Jim

    1998-01-01

    In many states, electrical energy is moving from being a highly regulated commodity to a competitively priced product with optional associated services. Increased competition should result in lower prices. Schools can stay ahead of the game by initiating an energy-contract review, examining delivery contracts, negotiating rates, examining monthly…

  3. Million-Dollar Baby

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drozdowski, Mark J.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author shares his experiences as a fund-raiser. He shares that fund-raising has normally two "busy seasons": (1) In December, when folks scurry to make year-end gifts in order to realize tax benefits the following April; and (2) In June 30, the end of the fiscal year. This year was a memorable year for him and his fund-raising…

  4. Dialing for Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dervarics, Charles

    1997-01-01

    Historically black colleges and universities need subject expertise and aggressive tactics to win Department of Defense research contracts, despite Pentagon efforts to target black colleges. The colleges compete with institutions whose minority group populations, alone or combined, are a majority of total enrollment. Several approaches useful in…

  5. Hunting for Alumni Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wylie

    2007-01-01

    Fundraising has never been a strong suit for most community colleges. But in recent years, it's become a major focus. Forced to offset a decrease in government funding to help pay for student scholarships, capital improvement projects, and additional personnel to launch new educational programs, community college leaders have been forced to…

  6. Software Solution Saves Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotter, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses computer software that can give classrooms and computer labs the capabilities of costly PC's at a small fraction of the cost. A growing number of cost-conscious school districts are finding budget relief in low-cost computer software known as "open source" that can do everything from manage school Web sites to equip…

  7. Structural Constraints and Earthquake Recurrence Estimates for the West Tahoe-Dollar Point Fault, Lake Tahoe Basin, California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maloney, J. M.; Driscoll, N. W.; Kent, G.; Brothers, D. S.; Baskin, R. L.; Babcock, J. M.; Noble, P. J.; Karlin, R. E.

    2011-12-01

    Previous work in the Lake Tahoe Basin (LTB), California, identified the West Tahoe-Dollar Point Fault (WTDPF) as the most hazardous fault in the region. Onshore and offshore geophysical mapping delineated three segments of the WTDPF extending along the western margin of the LTB. The rupture patterns between the three WTDPF segments remain poorly understood. Fallen Leaf Lake (FLL), Cascade Lake, and Emerald Bay are three sub-basins of the LTB, located south of Lake Tahoe, that provide an opportunity to image primary earthquake deformation along the WTDPF and associated landslide deposits. We present results from recent (June 2011) high-resolution seismic CHIRP surveys in FLL and Cascade Lake, as well as complete multibeam swath bathymetry coverage of FLL. Radiocarbon dates obtained from the new piston cores acquired in FLL provide age constraints on the older FLL slide deposits and build on and complement previous work that dated the most recent event (MRE) in Fallen Leaf Lake at ~4.1-4.5 k.y. BP. The CHIRP data beneath FLL image slide deposits that appear to correlate with contemporaneous slide deposits in Emerald Bay and Lake Tahoe. A major slide imaged in FLL CHIRP data is slightly younger than the Tsoyowata ash (7950-7730 cal yrs BP) identified in sediment cores and appears synchronous with a major Lake Tahoe slide deposit (7890-7190 cal yrs BP). The equivalent age of these slides suggests the penultimate earthquake on the WTDPF may have triggered them. If correct, we postulate a recurrence interval of ~3-4 k.y. These results suggest the FLL segment of the WTDPF is near its seismic recurrence cycle. Additionally, CHIRP profiles acquired in Cascade Lake image the WTDPF for the first time in this sub-basin, which is located near the transition zone between the FLL and Rubicon Point Sections of the WTDPF. We observe two fault-strands trending N45°W across southern Cascade Lake for ~450 m. The strands produce scarps of ~5 m and ~2.7 m, respectively, on the lake

  8. Department of Education's Student Loan Programs: Are Tax Dollars at Risk? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This hearing was held to consider whether the student loan programs of the Department of Education place tax dollars at risk. In his opening remarks, Representative John L. Mica (Florida) pointed out that for nearly 10 years, the U.S. General Accounting Office has labeled these programs as a high risk for fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement. In…

  9. As Inflation Eats into the Value of Grants, Students on Illinois Campus Borrow More. How the Billions of Dollars in the President's 1991 Budget Translate into Bread-and-Butter Issues at Six Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deloughry, Thomas J.

    1990-01-01

    Student loans remain the most popular student-assistance program, because loans let lawmakers stretch federal dollars. Students have lost ground in the battle to keep up with rising tuition, etc. As an example students at the University of Illinois (Chicago) are borrowing three times as much as they did five years ago. (MLW)

  10. Performance as Promised: How the Chandra X-ray Observatory Accomplished One of Nasa's Most Challenging Missions for Billions of Dollars Less than Originally Planned

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davidson, Greg; Hefner, Keith

    2004-01-01

    As the nation looks toward bold new ventures in space, the Chandra X-ray Observatory program offers an example of how billion-dollar missions can be successfully developed within tightening fiscal constraints. Chandra experienced many of challenges facing bold space programs (state-of-the-art technical requirements and budget-induced slips and restructurings), and yet the Chandra team achieved nearly all the originally envisioned performance for dramatically lower cost. This was accomplished by a combination of team- work, systems engineering, advanced technology insertion, and effective approaches for program implementation. A thorough tradeoff of science utility vs. cost led to the selection of a highly elliptical orbit with uncrewed robotic delivery, deployment, and maintenance. Progressive, focused technology demonstrations were accomplished prior to commitment of major resources to critical elements of the system design, such as the high resolution mirror assembly (HRMA). Pathfinder hardware was developed to reduce risks. A variety of schedule risk reduction measures were implemented and resulted in the X-ray calibration taking place exactly within five days of its originally planned date after after five years of development. The team worked together in an effective manner to contain requirements creep. reductions such as the ACIS-2 chip device. It is estimated that the above combination of measures achieved the avoidance of over $4B in costs, while enabling a highly successful mission.

  11. Your Travel Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This illustrated guide was designed to familiarize consumers with planning a vacation trip, whether domestic or abroad. The guide covers setting up a budget; package tours; cruises and charter flights; travel agencies and clubs; and arranging stays in hotels/motels, rental condominiums, bed-and-breakfasts, hostels, campsites, and private…

  12. Good Sense With Our Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Sarah

    A booklet for limited English speakers on money management provides information on savings accounts, checking accounts, choosing a bank, and the basics of budgeting. Cartoons, questions about the message in cartoons and narrative passages, checklists on things to consider, and the phonetic pronunciation of key words are presented. Specific topics…

  13. Dollars to the Classroom Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Pitts, Joseph R. [R-PA-16

    2012-01-17

    03/29/2012 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  14. Your Food Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on food buying power, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers information on developing a shopping list, deciding where to shop, selecting the best buys, and reading food labels. Section 1 on…

  15. New Material Saves School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Business Affairs, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Hobbs Window Insulation, an inexpensive polyester material, can reduce heat loss or gain through single-pane glass by 70 percent. The product is translucent, has an insulative value of R-3, and is easy to install and remove. (MCG)

  16. Mining Surveillance and Maintenance Dollars

    SciTech Connect

    MARTINEZ, R.

    2000-02-01

    Accelerating site cleanup to reduce facility risks to the workers, the public and the environment during a time of declining federal budgets represents a significant technical and economic challenge to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Operations Offices and their respective contractors. A significant portion of a facility's recurring annual expenses are associated with routine, long-term surveillance and maintenance (S&M) activities. However, ongoing S&M activities do nothing to reduce risks and basically spend money that could be reallocated towards facility deactivation. This paper discusses the background around DOE efforts to reduce surveillance and maintenance costs, one approach used to perform cost reviews, lessons learned from field implementation and what assistance is available to assist DOE sites in performing these evaluations.

  17. Turning hospital data into dollars.

    PubMed

    Bradley, Paul; Kaplan, Jeff

    2010-02-01

    Predictive analytics is an advanced business intelligence tool that can help healthcare financial executives mine data resulting in high-value, actionable improvements for their revenue cycle. Predictive analytic solutions can help hospitals increase revenues and improve their decision-making ability to increase revenue and staff productivity. Automation technology can help hospital business offices eliminate manual work on claims, saving time and costly labor while increasing accuracy.

  18. A Five Dollar Physics Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, David

    1973-01-01

    Describes the construction of a simple apparatus capable of converting solar energy into mechanical energy. Construction of the engine'' is inexpensive, and should stimulate student interest in the idea of producing power directly from the sun. (JR)

  19. Your Insurance Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet provides some practical guidelines for determining total insurance needs, examining options, and comparing costs. It discusses how to fit insurance costs into an overall financial plan, the necessity of adequate liability coverage, and the importance of keeping policies up to date. The next four sections highlight the basic types of…

  20. More dollars and more smiles.

    PubMed

    Gilreath, Leslie P; Burns, James C

    2004-09-01

    Healthcare organizations can enhance customer satisfaction by identifying problem points along the revenue cycle and using key performance metrics to resolve those issues. They can establish metrics for revenue-cycle customer satisfaction by: Mapping the process to identify touch points. Confirming touch points and asking employees for their perceptions. Talking to patients and families. Conducting research. PMID:15460941

  1. Turning biodefense dollars into products.

    PubMed

    Trull, Melanie C; du Laney, Tracey V; Dibner, Mark D

    2007-02-01

    Five years after the US anthrax attacks, and more than two years after BioShield legislation was ratified, a survey reveals that biodefense funding has thus far produced only a handful of products for clinical development. PMID:17287749

  2. Electrophoresis for Under Five Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumetta, Vincent J.; Doktycz, Mitchel J.

    1994-01-01

    Equipped with a little more than batteries, food-dye, and sieving media, teachers can demonstrate an essential process used in biochemical research. An activity is provided to aid in helping students to understand electrophoresis. (ZWH)

  3. A method for examining the geospatial distribution of CO2 storage resources applied to the Pre-Punta Gorda Composite and Dollar Bay reservoirs of the South Florida Basin, U.S.A

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Roberts-Ashby, Tina; Brandon N. Ashby,

    2016-01-01

    This paper demonstrates geospatial modification of the USGS methodology for assessing geologic CO2 storage resources, and was applied to the Pre-Punta Gorda Composite and Dollar Bay reservoirs of the South Florida Basin. The study provides detailed evaluation of porous intervals within these reservoirs and utilizes GIS to evaluate the potential spatial distribution of reservoir parameters and volume of CO2 that can be stored. This study also shows that incorporating spatial variation of parameters using detailed and robust datasets may improve estimates of storage resources when compared to applying uniform values across the study area derived from small datasets, like many assessment methodologies. Geospatially derived estimates of storage resources presented here (Pre-Punta Gorda Composite = 105,570 MtCO2; Dollar Bay = 24,760 MtCO2) were greater than previous assessments, which was largely attributed to the fact that detailed evaluation of these reservoirs resulted in higher estimates of porosity and net-porous thickness, and areas of high porosity and thick net-porous intervals were incorporated into the model, likely increasing the calculated volume of storage space available for CO2 sequestration. The geospatial method for evaluating CO2 storage resources also provides the ability to identify areas that potentially contain higher volumes of storage resources, as well as areas that might be less favorable.

  4. Head Start: Ensuring Dollars Benefit the Children. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education and Early Childhood Development of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (April 5, 2005). Senate Hearing 109-119

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Senate, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In his opening statement, Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN), chairman, Subcommittee on Education and Early Childhood Development, stated that one responsibility of Congress is to ensure that taxpayer dollars are being spent for the purposes intended and for the children intended. Between January 2003 and the first months of this year, there were…

  5. Histological distribution of FR-1, a cyclic RGDS-peptide, binding sites during early embryogenesis, and isolation and initial characterization of FR-1 receptor in the sand dollar embryo.

    PubMed

    Katow, H; Yamamoto, Y; Sofuku, S

    1997-04-01

    A fibronectin-related synthetic cyclic H-Cys-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro-Ala-Ser-Ser-Cys-OH (RGDSPASS) peptide (FR-1) binding site in the embryo of the sand dollar Clypeaster japonicus was specified using dansyl-labeled FR-1 (Dns-FR-1) and horseradish peroxidase-labeled FR-1, and an FR-1 receptor was isolated using FR-1-affinity column chromatography. The FR-1 introduced to the blastocoel of blastulae inhibited primary mesenchyme cell (PMC) migration in mesenchyme blastulae, and complete gastrulation and spicule differentiation in gastrulae. The Dns-FR-1 bound to the entire basal side of the ectoderm in mesenchyme blastulae, and then restricted to the basal side of the ectoderm at the apical tuft region and the vegetal hemisphere in early gastrulae. The cytoplasm of the archenteron also bound to Dns-FR-1. In PMC, Dns-FR-1 bound to the nucleus and cytoplasmic reticular features. In unfertilized eggs, Dns-FR-1 bound to the entire cytoplasm, particularly to the oval-shaped granules and the nuclear envelope, but only to the cytoplasm after fertilization. Relative molecular mass (Mr) of the FR-1-binding protein was 240 kDa under non-reducing conditions and 57 kDa under reducing conditions. The FR-1 receptor protein bound anti-sea urchin integrin (Spl) betaL subunit antibodies raised against the embryos of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Immunohistochemistry showed that the antibody binding site was similar to the histochemical distribution of Dns-FR-1. However, Mr of the FR-1 receptor is distinctively larger than that of the Spl betaL subunit.

  6. The High Cost of Saving Energy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Patricia

    1985-01-01

    In alternative financing a private company provides the capital and expertise for improving school energy efficiency. Savings are split between the school system and the company. Options for municipal leasing, cost sharing, and shared savings are explained along with financial, procedural, and legal considerations. (MLF)

  7. Scholar Dollars: Their Use in Classroom Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deery, Ruth

    Suggestions and background information to help teachers use classroom currency to influence students' behavior and academic efforts are provided. There are five parts to the publication. Part 1 discusses the many uses of classroom currency in teaching economics content, for motivation, and in discipline. For example, if teachers find that…

  8. Leveraging Mental Health Dollars into Your District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilkenny, Robert; Katz, Nechama; Baron, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    By addressing common reasons that schools and mental health partners often cannot sustain sufficient school-based mental health services, Connecting With Care (CWC)--a mental health collaboration that places full-time clinicians in schools in Boston's most under-served urban neighborhood--is demonstrating how schools and districts can leverage…

  9. Your Shopping Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on shopping, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook tells how to plan spending, develop shopping skills, and handle consumer problems effectively. Section 1 on consumers and the economy overviews…

  10. Stretch Your PC Dollars--Buy Clones.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    True, John

    1986-01-01

    Relates how the story of how San Francisco State University evaluated IBM PC look-alikes, considered some of the risks involved, and decided to purchase over 100 of them. Questions of compatibility, vendor longevity, support, and other risk management issues are discussed. (Author/MLW)

  11. BOTOX and our tax dollars at work

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This seminar is intended for Masters level graduate students in biology at the University of the Pacific. Topics of the seminar will include information on USDA-ARS research at the Albany location and general background on botulism and neurotoxin biology. In addition, the following FCR unit botulinu...

  12. Your Home Furnishings Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on home furnishings, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers guidelines for purchasing home furnishings and decorating materials. Section 1 discusses planning for home furnishings based on…

  13. Your Clothing Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on clothing, 1 in a series of 12 covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook gives wardrobe planning, buying, and care information. The first three sections consider the functions of clothing, the importance of…

  14. 5 Smart Investments for Your Tech Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demski, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    A downturn in the economic climate and an upturn in the technological climate might be higher education IT's "perfect storm." The confluence of budget cuts with the increased reliance on technology in almost all disciplines and administrative areas has put enormous pressure on campus IT leaders to pinpoint and fund tech services that achieve…

  15. School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Many districts continue to face budget challenges of historic proportions. Decisions made in the coming months will carry significant repercussions for years to come. The path of least resistance is to slash budgets in ways that erode schooling. In this scenario, important reforms are left behind, overall services are diminished, innovations are…

  16. Reducing Federal Energy Dollars Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Carper, Thomas R. [D-DE

    2011-05-12

    06/09/2011 Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 112-273. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  17. Your Housing Dollar. Money Management. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet is designed to help individuals make housing decisions in an informed, rational manner. It is suitable for personal use by adults or for classroom use in junior high through adult home economics or consumer education classes. After helping the reader determine needs and wants and how much money is available for housing, the booklet…

  18. Cloud Network Helps Stretch IT Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Hilton

    2012-01-01

    No matter how many car washes or bake sales schools host to raise money, adding funds to their coffers is a recurring problem. This perpetual financial difficulty makes expansive technology purchases or changes seem like a pipe dream for school CIOs and has education technologists searching for ways to stretch money. In 2005, state K-12 school…

  19. Conserving large carnivores: dollars and fence.

    PubMed

    Packer, C; Loveridge, A; Canney, S; Caro, T; Garnett, S T; Pfeifer, M; Zander, K K; Swanson, A; Macnulty, D; Balme, G; Bauer, H; Begg, C M; Begg, K S; Bhalla, S; Bissett, C; Bodasing, T; Brink, H; Burger, A; Burton, A C; Clegg, B; Dell, S; Delsink, A; Dickerson, T; Dloniak, S M; Druce, D; Frank, L; Funston, P; Gichohi, N; Groom, R; Hanekom, C; Heath, B; Hunter, L; Deiongh, H H; Joubert, C J; Kasiki, S M; Kissui, B; Knocker, W; Leathem, B; Lindsey, P A; Maclennan, S D; McNutt, J W; Miller, S M; Naylor, S; Nel, P; Ng'weno, C; Nicholls, K; Ogutu, J O; Okot-Omoya, E; Patterson, B D; Plumptre, A; Salerno, J; Skinner, K; Slotow, R; Sogbohossou, E A; Stratford, K J; Winterbach, C; Winterbach, H; Polasky, S

    2013-05-01

    Conservationists often advocate for landscape approaches to wildlife management while others argue for physical separation between protected species and human communities, but direct empirical comparisons of these alternatives are scarce. We relate African lion population densities and population trends to contrasting management practices across 42 sites in 11 countries. Lion populations in fenced reserves are significantly closer to their estimated carrying capacities than unfenced populations. Whereas fenced reserves can maintain lions at 80% of their potential densities on annual management budgets of $500 km(-2) , unfenced populations require budgets in excess of $2000 km(-2) to attain half their potential densities. Lions in fenced reserves are primarily limited by density dependence, but lions in unfenced reserves are highly sensitive to human population densities in surrounding communities, and unfenced populations are frequently subjected to density-independent factors. Nearly half the unfenced lion populations may decline to near extinction over the next 20-40 years. PMID:23461543

  20. A Million Dollars Worth of Growth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, James

    1976-01-01

    The growth of the Dalton, Georgia, park and recreation system is attributable to a continuing spirit of harmony among elected officials, lay contributors, community groups, and professional recreation and park personnel. (SK)

  1. Stretching Energy Dollars for Healthy Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angerame, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    When financial savings are critical to every institution, facility managers demand even more from their energy systems while looking to spend less. One way to achieve significant energy savings and healthy schools without making a substantial capital investment is through energy monitoring and chiller plant optimization. The greatest energy…

  2. Your Housing Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on housing, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook shows how to determine housing needs and analyze housing costs, whether one rents, buys, or builds a home. The first five sections briefly…

  3. Sustainable business makes dollars and sense.

    PubMed

    Fields, Scott

    2002-03-01

    The last decade has marked a radical change in the business of sustainability, say environmental activists and industrialists alike. On the wane are "greenwashing" campaigns in which corporations promote dubious environmental accomplishments to draw attention away from environmentally damaging practices. On the rise are corporate investments in sustainability programs, new types of environmental markets, and public demand for green products and investments. Once an afterthought, an annoyance, or a nonentity, sustainability is now often a focal point for businesses. No longer thought of as a business cost, environmentally benign practices are now viewed as a competitive advantage as companies seek to win both stockholders and customers.

  4. Your Equipment Dollar, [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on household equipment, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers information to help buyers purchase household equipment that is within their budget. Section 1 discusses managing equipment…

  5. Million Dollar Busing: Saving Money through Privatization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crates, Cheryl

    2009-01-01

    The economic crisis has had--and will continue to have--a dramatic effect on tax revenue and education spending throughout the United States and beyond. Yet children still show up for school every day in need of an education. In times like these, educators and school business managers must be as committed as ever to providing it. The economic…

  6. Everyday Problem Solving: Dollar Wise, Penny Foolish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brenner, Mary E.

    Research on everyday learning has begun to illuminate some of the relations between activity and knowledge, and thus can help educators reconceptualize classroom activities. For example, how and what children learn about money epitomize many of the differences between everyday and school-based problem solving. The general goals of this paper are…

  7. End-Users: Dollars but Doubts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Stephen E.

    1989-01-01

    Identifies existing categories of end users of online information retrieval systems, discusses problems that have been encountered by information providers and customers, and suggests strategies for capturing new end-user markets. Issues discussed include user cordial interfaces, CD-ROM products, ethics involved in information provision, and…

  8. Sustainable business makes dollars and sense.

    PubMed Central

    Fields, Scott

    2002-01-01

    The last decade has marked a radical change in the business of sustainability, say environmental activists and industrialists alike. On the wane are "greenwashing" campaigns in which corporations promote dubious environmental accomplishments to draw attention away from environmentally damaging practices. On the rise are corporate investments in sustainability programs, new types of environmental markets, and public demand for green products and investments. Once an afterthought, an annoyance, or a nonentity, sustainability is now often a focal point for businesses. No longer thought of as a business cost, environmentally benign practices are now viewed as a competitive advantage as companies seek to win both stockholders and customers. PMID:11882490

  9. NASA Science Problems Deeper Than Dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zielinski, Sarah

    2007-05-01

    With little increase in funding at NASA over the last few years and a presidential mandate to go to the Moon and Mars, NASA science has suffered as funds have been redirected to the manned space program. However, the agency could make better use of its existing science funds, according to several witnesses who testified on 2 May before the U.S. House of Representatives Science and Technology Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics.

  10. Making Sense of Dollars and Cents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorenson, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Principals must devote a vast amount of time and energy to campus funding and budgetary issues because budgeting and accounting procedures are an integral part of an effective instructional program. In fact, a principal's role in the budgetary process significantly impacts both budget development and instructional planning. Principals who fail to…

  11. Custodial Training Makes Sense and Saves Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, David

    2002-01-01

    Explains that due to the complexity of today's custodial work, extensive education and training is required. This includes basic commercial/industrial cleaning techniques; hygiene procedures; asbestos awareness; management, scheduling, and budgeting; chemical usage; and calculating operations efficiency. Details the in-depth custodial training of…

  12. Conserving large carnivores: dollars and fence.

    PubMed

    Packer, C; Loveridge, A; Canney, S; Caro, T; Garnett, S T; Pfeifer, M; Zander, K K; Swanson, A; Macnulty, D; Balme, G; Bauer, H; Begg, C M; Begg, K S; Bhalla, S; Bissett, C; Bodasing, T; Brink, H; Burger, A; Burton, A C; Clegg, B; Dell, S; Delsink, A; Dickerson, T; Dloniak, S M; Druce, D; Frank, L; Funston, P; Gichohi, N; Groom, R; Hanekom, C; Heath, B; Hunter, L; Deiongh, H H; Joubert, C J; Kasiki, S M; Kissui, B; Knocker, W; Leathem, B; Lindsey, P A; Maclennan, S D; McNutt, J W; Miller, S M; Naylor, S; Nel, P; Ng'weno, C; Nicholls, K; Ogutu, J O; Okot-Omoya, E; Patterson, B D; Plumptre, A; Salerno, J; Skinner, K; Slotow, R; Sogbohossou, E A; Stratford, K J; Winterbach, C; Winterbach, H; Polasky, S

    2013-05-01

    Conservationists often advocate for landscape approaches to wildlife management while others argue for physical separation between protected species and human communities, but direct empirical comparisons of these alternatives are scarce. We relate African lion population densities and population trends to contrasting management practices across 42 sites in 11 countries. Lion populations in fenced reserves are significantly closer to their estimated carrying capacities than unfenced populations. Whereas fenced reserves can maintain lions at 80% of their potential densities on annual management budgets of $500 km(-2) , unfenced populations require budgets in excess of $2000 km(-2) to attain half their potential densities. Lions in fenced reserves are primarily limited by density dependence, but lions in unfenced reserves are highly sensitive to human population densities in surrounding communities, and unfenced populations are frequently subjected to density-independent factors. Nearly half the unfenced lion populations may decline to near extinction over the next 20-40 years.

  13. Save Energy, Save Dollars. Information Bulletin 125.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Human Ecology at Cornell Univ.

    This cooperative extension publication from Cornell University is a guide for energy conservation in homes, apartments, and transportation. Written in non-technical language, this guide provides the layperson with information about weatherization, home appliance use, recreation and transportation practices to conserve energy and, thus, save money.…

  14. Penny-Wise, Dollar-Foolish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, C. W.

    1979-01-01

    A veteran energy author discusses the economic deterrents to energy-conservation design measures inherent in the present tax laws, and proposes a standard energy tax reduction as a potential solution. (Author)

  15. Uranium in Canada: A billion dollar industry

    SciTech Connect

    Ruzicka, V. )

    1989-12-01

    In 1988, Canada maintained its position as the world's leading producer of uranium with an output of more than 12,400 MT of uranium in concentrates, worth $1.1 billion Canadian. As domestic requirements represent only 15% of current Canadian production, most of the output was exported. With current implementation of the Canada/US Free Trade Agreement, the US has become Canada's major uranium export customer. With a large share of the world's known uranium resources, Canada remains the focus of international uranium exploration activity. In 1988, the uranium exploration expenditures in Canada exceeded $58 million Canadian. The principal exploration targets were deposits associated with Proterozoic unconformities in Saskatchewan and Northwest Territories, particularly those in the Athabasca and Thelon basin regions of the Canadian Shield. Major attention was also paid to polymetallic deposits in which uranium is associated with precious metals, such as gold and platinum group elements. Conceptual genetic models for these deposit types represent useful tools to guide exploration.

  16. Dollars & Sense: Students' Integer Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitacre, Ian; Bishop, Jessica Pierson; Philipp, Randolph A.; Lamb, Lisa L.; Schappelle, Bonnie P.

    2014-01-01

    A story problem about borrowing money, presented in this article, may be represented with positive or negative numbers and thought about in different ways. The authors describe ideas related to integers (both positive and negative) and how students used them in relation to a story problem, and how they related these ideas to equations.

  17. SQA on five dollars a day

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    This report discusses the following topics: Software safety and reliability issues in safety-related systems; software use control assessment; Testing: Beyond theory; Software process improvement: Formalized unit testing; Software defect analysis for a nuclear weapons application; Function point analysis for estimation of software development schedules; SEI maturity in the Work for Other Program; SSEC SEI experiences; Planning for a Software Engineering Institute (SEI) assessment; Software process improvement, metrics; Software engineering technology plank: Building quality in; Software quality assurance at Y-12; Total quality and SQA at the Kansas City plant; The Software Technology Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Software engineering technology transfer in a scientific R&D laboratory; and Institutionalizing the information engineering environment: A practitioner`s perspective.

  18. Team B: The trillion dollar experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Cahn, A.H.; Prados, J.

    1993-04-01

    Team B was an experiment in competetive threat assessments approved by the director of the CIA at that time, George Bush. Teams of experts were to make independent assessments of highly classified data used by the intelligence community to assess Soviet strategic forces in the yearly National Intelligence Estimates. In this article, two experts report on how a group of Cold War outside experts were invited to second-guess the policies of the CIA. The question explored here is whether or not these outside experts of the 1970s contributed to the military buildup of the 1980s.

  19. Your Recreation Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on recreation, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook suggests ways to plan recreation expenses for special activities, equipment, and vacation travel. Section 1 looks at the need for recreation…

  20. Scanning for dollars. Joint ventures in imaging.

    PubMed

    Miller, Jeremy N

    2003-04-01

    What are the latest models for joint ventures in medical imaging? What compliance obstacles do medical groups face? This article covers the opportunities and possible hazards of adding imaging services to your practice. Unless an imaging joint venture is both financially and legally feasible, it's not worth doing.

  1. A Dillar, A Dollar--What's a Real Scholar?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winthrop, Henry

    1973-01-01

    To compensate for the neglect of evaluation of the quality of scholarship in accountability schemes for higher education, the author observes some relevant and irrelevant criteria for scholarship. (KM)

  2. Your Savings and Investment Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on savings and investment, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook shows how to develop a savings and investment program based on present and future needs and goals. Section 1 overviews savings and…

  3. Scientists warn of 'trillion-dollar' spent-fuel risk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gwynne, Peter

    2016-07-01

    A study by two Princeton University physicists suggests that a major fire in the spent nuclear fuel stored on the sites of US nuclear reactors could “dwarf the horrific consequences of the Fukushima accident”.

  4. Judging Money: When Courts Decide How to Spend Taxpayer Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Josh; Derthick, Martha

    2007-01-01

    Since the 1970s, proponents of greater spending in disadvantaged school districts have pursued their goal through litigation in state courts. They have brought suits in 45 of the 50 states. These suits began with claims of equity, which sought to redistribute revenues from rich to poor districts. Disappointed with the results, within a decade the…

  5. How School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    While the economy may be turning around, local school districts nationwide continue to struggle mightily. The "new normal" of tougher budget times is here to stay for American K-12 education. So how can local officials cope? This policy brief provides a useful tool for navigating the financial challenges of the current school-funding climate,…

  6. Raspberry Pi: a 35-dollar device for viewing DICOM images.

    PubMed

    Paiva, Omir Antunes; Moreira, Renata de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Raspberry Pi is a low-cost computer created with educational purposes. It uses Linux and, most of times, freeware applications, particularly a software for viewing DICOM images. With an external monitor, the supported resolution (1920 × 1200 pixels) allows for the set up of simple viewing workstations at a reduced cost.

  7. Dollars from Sense: The Economic Benefits of Renewable Energy

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    1997-09-01

    This document illustrates direct economic benefits, including job creation, of renewable energy technologies. Examples of electricity generation from biomass, wind power, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, and geothermal energy are given, with emphasis on the impact of individual projects on the state and local community. Employment numbers at existing facilities are provided, including total national employment for each renewable industry where available. Renewable energy technologies offer economic advantages because they are more labor-intensive than conventional generation technologies, and they use primarily indigenous resources.

  8. You Can Set New Priorities for Federal Tax Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penning, Nick

    1990-01-01

    Despite all the talk about improving education over the past 10 years, the president and the Congress have irresponsibly cut Chapter 1 and Head Start program funding. A partial solution is for educators to send the government a form specifying exactly how "discretionary" withholding taxes should be allocated. (MLH)

  9. Education Will Compete with Farms, Bridges, Postal Service for Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penning, Nick

    1991-01-01

    Confronted by last fall's budget crunch, President Bush and the Congress agreed to ignore the deficit, revise the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings budget reduction process, and focus attention on capping total spending. Domestic programs will be allowed a $12 billion increase. Education's position is unclear, because it must compete with farms, bridges, and…

  10. Corporate Training Delivery: Dollars and Sense. Unconventional Wisdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workforce Economics, 2001

    2001-01-01

    With accelerating technology in the workplace, worker training has become a key component of almost every corporation's long-range strategic plan. Almost all companies provide some form of training in computer operations to new and existing employees, and more than 90 percent of companies also provided a range of management, leadership, and…

  11. The Million-Dollar President, Soon to Be Commonplace?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chronicle of Higher Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This article reports the results of a survey conducted by "The Chronicle" that examined college presidents' compensation. The survey found a 53-percent increase in presidents' compensation. While the salaries do not have an eye-popping quotient as those of corporate CEOs'--whose median compensation was just over $6 million among the 350 largest US…

  12. Your Savings and Investment Dollar. Money Management. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet, written with the beginning investor in mind, will help readers set clear-cut financial goals and develop a savings and investment program for achieving them. It is suitable for personal use by adults or for classroom use in junior high through adult consumer education classes. The booklet provides information on a variety of savings…

  13. Making Instructional Resource Sense Out of Government Policy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorr-Bremme, Don; And Others

    The future of instructional research, at least in the present economic climate, is indistinct. This report considers the option of combining within a single study the needs of policy makers and the commitment to academic research. The papers in this report, through illustration of research conducted within a policy framework, identify problems…

  14. Big Dollar Steam Savings Achieved at Duke's Laundry Facility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Bob; Black, Jerry

    1999-01-01

    Examines how Duke University facility management, faced with a triple-fold increase in steam use in its medical center laundry, made improvements that resulted in a three-month payback. Removing the flash tank from the condensate, repiping of the condensate system, and installing of a steam-metering system are discussed. (GR)

  15. A Dollar-wise Guide to Global Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, William R.

    1990-01-01

    Illustrates a method to introduce students to foreign countries and cultures by having students choose a country in which they would like to live and give a class presentation about it. As a result, students become resource persons, research skills are refined, cross-cultural information reservoir is created, and history and geography become real.…

  16. How Much Is That in Dollars?: Costly International Downsizing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renard, Monika; Tracy, Kay

    2011-01-01

    Economic downturns can lead companies doing business internationally to cut costs by reducing staff and/or closing subsidiaries. Efficiency in downsizing can put people and capital to their most effective use. This exercise educates students about country differences in labor termination practices, costs, legal requirements for downsizing, and…

  17. Look beyond the Obvious Energy Savers to Conserve School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisniewski, Adrian T.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a Milwaukee, Wisconsin, school system's energy conservation project that insulated utility tunnels and pipes in two schools. Energy savings will pay back the insulation cost in less than two years. (MD)

  18. Gambling with stimulus payments: feeding gaming machines with federal dollars.

    PubMed

    Lye, Jenny; Hirschberg, Joe

    2014-09-01

    In late 2008 and early 2009 the Australian Federal Government introduced a series of economic stimulus packages designed to maintain consumer spending in the early days of the Great Recession. When these packages were initiated the media suggested that the wide-spread availability of electronic gaming machines (EGMs, e.g. slot machines, poker machines, video lottery terminals) in Australia would result in stimulating the EGMs. Using state level monthly data we estimate that the stimulus packages led to an increase of 26 % in EGM revenues. This also resulted in over $60 million in additional tax revenue for State Governments. We also estimate a short-run aggregate income demand elasticity for EGMs to be approximately 2.

  19. Save Energy Dollars with DOE Operations and Maintenance Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appel, Margo

    2010-01-01

    At budget-crunching time, school administrators and business officials sometimes find themselves trimming the district's budget for teachers, textbooks, and technology in order to cover ballooning energy costs. Nearly one-third of the energy consumed in the average U.S. school is wasted. The country's least efficient schools use four times more…

  20. Congress Gives Colleges a Billion-Dollar Bonanza.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brainard, Jeffrey; Southwick, Ron

    2000-01-01

    Reports that Congress has earmarked a record amount of money (more than $1 billion) for projects involving specific colleges in the 2000 fiscal year. Notes that such "pork-barrel" spending has tripled since 1996. Charts show trends in earmarks since 1989, year 2000 earmarks by agency, the top 20 recipients of earmarked grants, and ranking of…

  1. Raspberry Pi: a 35-dollar device for viewing DICOM images*

    PubMed Central

    Paiva, Omir Antunes; Moreira, Renata de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Raspberry Pi is a low-cost computer created with educational purposes. It uses Linux and, most of times, freeware applications, particularly a software for viewing DICOM images. With an external monitor, the supported resolution (1920 × 1200 pixels) allows for the set up of simple viewing workstations at a reduced cost. PMID:25741057

  2. How to fabricate robust microfluidic systems for a dollar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lapierre, Florian; Cameron, Neil R.; Oakeshott, John; Peat, Thomas; Zhu, Yonggang

    2013-12-01

    Since the past decade, the interest towards microfluidic devices has sensibly grown due to the wide variety of multidisciplinary applications. One branch of the microfluidic domain consists in the synthesis of various types of emulsions requested by cosmetic, food and biotechnological industries In particular, monodisperse water-in-oil microemulsion synthetised in microfluidic devices are quickly becoming the new generation of emulsions for precise bead control and high surface area. These microemulsions are generally aqueous bioreactors in the form of droplets from 500 nm to 10 μm in diameter, enclosed in an oil environment. An increasing demand for bigger emulsions has led us to investigate new techniques for fabricating fluidic devices allowing a better control over the final size of the droplets. An easy, cheap, reproducible and fast technology for generating emulsions in the range of 100s μm with high throughout (up to mL/h) is reported. Simply using pipette tips and tubing, an innovative microfluidic device was fabricated, able to synthetise water-in-oil emulsions within the range 50 - 500 _μm and double emulsions. These new emulsions are currently used for the synthesis of highly porous polymers beads from High Internal Phase Emulsion (HIPE). These beads will find high potential in 3D cell culture due to their high porosity (up to 90%) and pore size (from 5 to 30μm).

  3. Raspberry Pi: a 35-dollar device for viewing DICOM images.

    PubMed

    Paiva, Omir Antunes; Moreira, Renata de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Raspberry Pi is a low-cost computer created with educational purposes. It uses Linux and, most of times, freeware applications, particularly a software for viewing DICOM images. With an external monitor, the supported resolution (1920 × 1200 pixels) allows for the set up of simple viewing workstations at a reduced cost. PMID:25741057

  4. Competing for School Improvement Dollars: State Grant-Making Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazarin, Melissa

    2012-01-01

    In 2009 the Obama administration announced a focused commitment to turn around 5,000 of the United States' chronically lowest-performing public schools as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). This commitment came with $3 billion in funding for the School Improvement Grant program, or SIG, along with new guidelines to ensure…

  5. Dollars and sense: the financial impact of Canadian wellness initiatives†.

    PubMed

    Wilkin, Christa L; Connelly, Catherine E

    2015-09-01

    The popular press reports anecdotal benefits of organizational initiatives that are designed to improve employees' work-life balance and wellness, but the long-term impact of these initiatives on firms' financial performance is unknown. Our longitudinal study of publicly traded Canadian organizations uses the strategic human resources management framework to explain why these initiatives may affect their financial performance. We use an exploratory factor analysis of three waves of archival data to identify two types of initiatives and regression to measure their impact on return on assets (ROA). Our findings suggest that, after 2 years, health promotion initiatives significantly decreased ROA, while work-life balance initiatives significantly increased it. Both effects became non-significant over the longer term.

  6. The Million Dollar Bowl. OSHA in the Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Carl

    Accidents to office workers add up to 40,000 injuries and more than 200 deaths a year, amounting to expenses from medical assistance and loss of productivity of $100 million. Leading types of accidents are falling caused by slipping on slick or wet floors, tripping over file drawers, slipping on debris on stairs, injuries from poor lighting,…

  7. 77 FR 24456 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-24

    ... poultry products that a retail store can sell to hotels, restaurants, and similar institutions without... and restaurants (21 U.S.C. 661(c)(2) and 454(c)(2)). FSIS's regulations (9 CFR 303.1(d) and 381.10(d... processing of meat, meat food, poultry, and poultry products. Sales to Hotels, Restaurants, and...

  8. Dollars and Sense: Catholic High Schools and Their Finances 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerra, Michael J.

    This report describes trends in Catholic high schools over the past 10 years. Data were derived from a survey of 500 Catholic secondary schools. A total of 293 questionnaires were returned, a 59 percent response rate. In addition to monitoring changes in income and expenses, tuition, and salaries, the report provides an analysis of information…

  9. On the political economy of risk: farmworkers, pesticides, and dollars.

    PubMed

    Strigini, P

    1982-01-01

    The rapid industrialization of world agriculture has been one of the most eventful social and economic transformations taking place in the second half of the 20th century. Today two agricultures coexist in most countries: capital-intensive agri-business and labor-intensive subsistence farming. In the U.S., the former exploits largely nonwhite immigrant labor and the latter female unpaid labor, surviving as a "second job.' The striking increase of production in industrial agriculture has been accompanied by uneven and irrational development and by a tragic upsurge of mechanical accidents and chemical hazards. Current pesticide use poses a threat to workers and their families, the general public, the environment, and future generations. Acute risks begin to be known largely through farmworkers' exposure, while chronic risks are often inferred from experimental studies but generally are disregarded. Because of industry's historic neglect of health and environmental hazards, regulation has evolved under pressure from workers and citizens. Regulation is at present the best tool available to shape technological development according to society's needs and goals. Its basic requirements are information, reorientation of public resources, and democratic control. A major obstacle to its implementation is the inequitable social distribution of risks and benefits, within and among nations. PMID:7085148

  10. The Ultimate $uperpower: Supersized Dollars Drive "Waiting for "Superman"" Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miner, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    For nearly 40 years, according to this author, "follow the money" has been an axiom in both journalism and politics--although, as Shakespeare might complain, one "more honour'd in the breach than the observance." It is useful to resurrect the axiom in analyzing the multimedia buzz and policy debates swirling around the movie "Waiting for…

  11. Common Core Units in Business Education: Dollars and Sense.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goria, Joan

    This secondary unit of instruction on making change is one of sixteen Common Core Units in Business Education (CCUBE). The units were designed for implementing the sixteen common core competencies identified in the California Business Education Program Guide for Office and Distributive Education. Each competency-based unit is designed to…

  12. How and where the education dollar is spent.

    PubMed

    Monk, D H; Pijanowski, J C; Hussain, S

    1997-01-01

    Locally elected school boards have the authority and responsibility to decide how school budgets will be spent. In doing so, however, they must balance multiple funding restrictions and competing priorities. Despite great variance in local circumstances, most school districts have remarkably similar spending patterns, generally allocating from 60% to 63% of their budget to instruction and dividing the remainder among student services such as health services, counseling, and speech therapy; administration; building operation and maintenance; and food services and transportation. Polls show that many districts are attempting to delegate more decisions over resource allocation to the school site level. Research is just beginning to show what aspects of school site decision making are associated with improved teaching and learning.

  13. The MET Project: The Wrong 45 Million Dollar Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded the investigation of a $45 million question: How can we identify and develop effective teaching? Now that the findings from their Measures of Effective Teaching (MET) project have been released, it's clear they asked a simpler question, namely, What other measures match up well with value-added…

  14. Dollars for Dreams: Student Affairs Staff as Fundraisers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penney, Sophie W.; Rose, Barbara B.

    This publication provides an educational tool for student affairs professionals involved in fundraising. It is designed to be easily accessible and understood by those with little experience with fundraising, and it will also serve as a useful resource for student affairs professionals who have partnered with fundraisers to, or who themselves…

  15. Making Education Dollars Work: Issue Briefs. Governors Education Symposium, 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NGA Center for Best Practices, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The 2011 Governors Education Symposium, co-hosted by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Hunt Institute, focused on advancing education reform with limited resources, improving postsecondary completion and productivity, preparing career- and college-ready students and measuring and evaluating effective teaching.…

  16. Effective Systems To Cope with Increasing Demands and Decreasing Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferland, Raymond A.; DiMaria, Joseph P.

    As a solution to the problem of serving large numbers of students with a small staff, the Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI) has adopted three new technologies to advise and register students and respond to telephone inquiries. The first of the technological innovations is TELUS, a telephone voice response registration system offered as an…

  17. Single Concept Videotapes Which Streamline Learning While Saving Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Jack; Utz, Peter

    The Single Concept Introductory Mathematics Project (SCIMP) offered an individualized, self-paced, media-oriented approach to remedial algebra at the community college level. Seventy-one behavioral objectives were identified and videotapes and worksheets prepared for each; mini-tests were given after each lesson and a final exam administered at…

  18. Excellent amino acid racemization results from Holocene sand dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosnik, M.; Kaufman, D. S.; Kowalewski, M.; Whitacre, K.

    2015-12-01

    Amino acid racemization (AAR) is widely used as a cost-effective method to date molluscs in time-averaging and taphonomic studies, but it has not been attempted for echinoderms despite their paleobiological importance. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of AAR geochronology in Holocene aged Peronella peronii (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) collected from Sydney Harbour (Australia). Using standard HPLC methods we determined the extent of AAR in 74 Peronella tests and performed replicate analyses on 18 tests. We sampled multiple areas of two individuals and identified the outer edge as a good sampling location. Multiple replicate analyses from the outer edge of 18 tests spanning the observed range of D/Ls yielded median coefficients of variation < 4% for Asp, Phe, Ala, and Glu D/L values, which overlaps with the analytical precision. Correlations between D/L values across 155 HPLC injections sampled from 74 individuals are also very high (pearson r2 > 0.95) for these four amino acids. The ages of 11 individuals spanning the observed range of D/L values were determined using 14C analyses, and Bayesian model averaging was used to determine the best AAR age model. The averaged age model was mainly composed of time-dependent reaction kinetics models (TDK, 71%) based on phenylalanine (Phe, 94%). Modelled ages ranged from 14 to 5539 yrs, and the median 95% confidence interval for the 74 analysed individuals is ±28% of the modelled age. In comparison, the median 95% confidence interval for the 11 calibrated 14C ages was ±9% of the median age estimate. Overall Peronella yields exceptionally high-quality AAR D/L values and appears to be an excellent substrate for AAR geochronology. This work opens the way for time-averaging and taphonomic studies of echinoderms similar to those in molluscs.

  19. Digging up Classroom Dollars on DonorsChoose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curriculum Review, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Back in 2000, Charles Best was teaching at Wings Academy, an alternative high school in the Bronx, when he got the idea for a Web site where teachers could solicit donations for class projects. With help from his students, DonorsChoose.org soon was born. Last year, the site won Amazon.com's Nonprofit Innovation Award. So far, DonorsChoose has…

  20. Child Poverty: A Deficit that Goes beyond Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Judith E.

    This report examines child poverty in the United States, discusses its cause and persistence, and makes recommendations for solutions. Areas examined involve the historical roots of social-welfare policy in the United States; the facts behind the mythologies and misperceptions concerning child and family poverty; the children and families to be…

  1. Beyond the hundred dollar genome--drug discovery futures.

    PubMed

    Selwood, David L

    2013-01-01

    The advent of silicon chip based technologies for genome sequencing promises continuing exponential falls in the reagent costs of sequencing. When every patient has a full genome sequence as part of their medical records the science of drug discovery and drug design must adapt and improve to meet this challenge. This series covers computational, and experimental approaches for small molecules and biologics. From the virtual patient - a computational model of a complete human being, through in silico screening to RNA editing and antibody directed therapies.

  2. Risk Management: Getting the Most for Your Insurance Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramson, Paul

    1973-01-01

    Analyze what insurance is intended to do by going through the risk management process: identify exposures to loss, measure their financial impact on the institution, rationalize the means of controlling exposures, prevent loss, and set up a program to minimize the impact of loss through insurance or other means. (Author)

  3. The Federal Budget and Rural America: Where Do All the Federal Dollars Go?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abourezk, James; Rucker, George W.

    Despite general recognition that nonmetropolitan areas have a disproportionate share of the nation's problems; that this is both a cause and an effect of rural-urban migration and metropolitan compaction; and despite official rhetoric in favor of "rural-urban balance", virtually all evidence points to a pattern of inequity in Federal outlay for…

  4. Cost-Effective Computing: Making the Most of Your PC Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Walt

    1992-01-01

    Lists 27 suggestions for making cost-effective decisions when buying personal computers. Topics covered include physical comfort; modem speed; color graphics; institutional discounts; direct-order firms; brand names; replacing versus upgrading; expanding hard disk capacity; printers; software; wants versus needs; and RLIN (Research Libraries…

  5. Patient-centered financial incentives for health: Can employers get change for their dollars?

    PubMed

    Kullgren, Jeffrey T; Williams, Geoffrey C; An, Lawrence C

    2013-12-01

    While employer-sponsored financial incentives for healthy behaviors have demonstrated the potential to promote short-term employee behavior change, the effectiveness of such incentives in promoting long-term health behavior change has often been disappointing. This paucity of sustained change could be explained by the many factors that shape employees' health behaviors, only some of which may be influenced by incentives. We discuss how employer-sponsored incentives for healthy behaviors could become more patient-centered, and thus perhaps more effective, by integrating insights from self-determination theory and health behavior theories, targeting employees' capacity for change, and using tailoring. PMID:26249777

  6. Biologically Active Tetranorditerpenoids from Fungus Sclerotinia homoeocarpa Causal Agent of Dollar Spot in Turfgrass

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Nine new tetranorditerpenoid dilactones (2-10), together with four previously reported norditerpenoids dilactones (1, 11), and two known putative biosynthetic intermediates oidiolactone-E (12) and 13 were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the culture medium of Sclerotinia homoeocarpa. Struc...

  7. Constructing a Self-Funded Program Takes More than Just Dollars and Cents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Scott

    2012-01-01

    With a little ingenuity and a lot of dedication, the author created a self-funded construction program that is weathering the ups and downs of school funding; it enjoys great support from the community, is accomplishing more with less, and collaborative efforts between teachers are paying off. Creating such a program takes time, vision,…

  8. Optimizing recovery using on-line ash analyzers or sorting for dollars

    SciTech Connect

    Litz, P.

    1995-08-01

    The quest for profitability in the complex coal industry requires continual examination of common practices looking for better and more cost effective methods of performing these tasks. As the available coal reserves become more difficult to mine and the quality decreases, this examination process grows in importance. Over the past fifteen years, we have all seen major changes in the methods used to mine, clean and load coal in an attempt to increase the bottom line and proliferate a safer work place. The long wall mining method has greatly increased the profitably of the larger mines that have the reserves and the seams suitable for this method. Bigger and faster conveyor belts have increased loading capacities and decreased time spent performing the task. New technology in the cleaning and preparation of coal has also assisted in increasing yield and thus decreasing the final cost of a ton of coal. What about the smaller mines that do not have the mining conditions or reserves for a longwall or the monetary resources to upgrade belt lines and preparation plants, they to must remain profitable. The on-line ash analyzer is one answer that is not only for the smaller mines but can show quick and substantial returns for the larger operations. The on-line ash analyzer is a nuclear device that is mounted directly on the conveyor belt to produce an instantaneous ash analysis on the coal as it moves beneath the detector. The on-line ash analyzer is described.

  9. Predator-induced larval cloning in the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus: might mothers matter?

    PubMed

    Vaughn, Dawn

    2009-10-01

    Predator-induced cloning in echinoid larvae, with reduced size a consequence of cloning, is a dramatic modification of development and a novel response to risks associated with prolonged planktonic development. Recent laboratory studies demonstrate that exposure to stimuli from predators (i.e., fish mucus) induces cloning in the pluteus larvae (plutei) of Dendraster excentricus. However, the timing and incidence of cloning and size reduction of unrelated conspecific plutei differed across experiments. A variable cloning response suggests the effects of such factors as cue quality, egg provisioning, maternal experience, and genetic background, indicating that the potential advantages of cloning as an adaptive response to predators are not available to all larvae. This study tested the hypothesis that cloning in D. excentricus plutei is maternally influenced. Plutei from three half-sibling larval families (different mothers, same father) were exposed to fish mucus for 9 days during early development. Cloning was inferred in a percentage of plutei from each family; however, the rate and success of cloning differed significantly among the larval half-siblings. Unexpectedly, all mucus-treated plutei were smaller and developmentally delayed when compared to all plutei reared in the absence of a mucus stimulus. Thus, while the results from this study support the hypothesis of an influence of mothers on cloning of larval offspring, reduced larval size was a uniform response to fish mucus and did not indicate an effect of mothers. Hypotheses of the developmental effects of fish mucus on larval size with or without successful cloning are discussed.

  10. Impact of firm size on dollar amount of penalties assessed by government agencies

    SciTech Connect

    Lear-Nordby, K.

    1998-09-01

    Enforcement of federal environmental regulations typically results in administrative penalties against the firm found in violation. This project examines the effect of firm size-based penalty policies on regulatory compliance and EPA's enforcement resource allocation decisions. Analysis of results offers insights into optimal penalty theories and informational requirements needed to optimize EPA's enforcement policy. The empirical work also permits speculation on the causes of inefficient regulatory enforcement spending. Due to severe limitations on data quality, the project report best serves as a road map for future research on this subject.

  11. Norplant debate: dollars v. sense. Is Norplant discount in U.S. too little, too late?

    PubMed

    1994-01-01

    At a Congressional hearing of the pricing strategy for Norplant, and after several family planning specialists testified that Norplant's cost ($365) makes it inaccessible to many US women, Wyeth-Ayerst announced that, in 2 years, it would provide Norplant to public sector family planning clinics at a discount price. Just 1.4% of clients at Planned Parenthood clinics choose Norplant, because it is too costly. While Title X clinic officials are pleased with this announcement, many family planning providers wonder what the manufacturer's motives are. The president of the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association believes that the announcement is a press ploy. The Wyeth spokesperson said the original licensing agreement with the Population Council allowed a public sector price 5 years after Norplant's introduction in the US market. The 5-year delay was intended to build private sector support and to allow Wyeth to recover its marketing and training expenses. Wyeth also wanted Norplant to become a mainstream contraceptive, so it became concerned about the private sector. Yet, the law requires a 15% rebate for qualified public health clinics now. Few family planners expressed praise for Wyeth, since it revealed no details on the public sector price. Further, health care reform may alter drug pricing before the 2-year period. In early 1994, Wyeth's exclusive patent on Norplant and on levonorgestrel expires, allowing other companies to enter the implant market. Yet, other companies need at least 1 year to negotiate with the US Food and Drug Administration for approval, thereby allowing Wyeth a window to dominate the market. Thus, by the time the 2 years is up, the discount will have no meaning. Family planners have criticized Wyeth for not offering a public sector discount for a long time, especially since public funds contributed to Norplant's development. Wyeth's only contribution was levonorgestrel. It allowed the Population Council to use levonorgestrel in exchange for the right to market Norplant in the US and Canada.

  12. The Landslide Passage of a Seven Million Dollar School Bond Referendum in Rural Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greig, Richard D.

    This article describes a campaign for the passage of a 1989 bond referendum for the construction of two elementary schools in rural Lunenburg County, Virginia. The article, written from the perspective of a neophyte school superintendent, offers a demographic description of the county, describes various voter groups, and provides a chronology of…

  13. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... applied the rules under § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1... (including reversing monetary correction adjustments required by local accounting principles); (3..., if applicable, § 1.985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to...

  14. Characterization of a broad-scope amino acid transport system in sand dollars

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, J.P.; Bellis, S.; Stephens, G.C. )

    1988-03-01

    Both echinoderm embryos and adults take up {sup 14}C-labelled-{alpha}-amino acids by an apparent broad-scope transport system. This transporter can be characterized as follows: alanine transport is not blocked by {alpha}-(methylamino)isobutyric acid. Leucine and other lipophilic neutral amino acids are preferentially transported. Transport is sodium dependent and blocked by 2-aminobicyclo-(2,2,1)heptane-2-carboxyclic acid. Lysine and aspartate transport is inhibited by lipophilic neutral amino acids. Taurine, a {beta}-neutral amino acid is translocated via a second and independent carrier.

  15. Innovations in Teaching Race and Class Inequality: "Bittersweet Candy" and "The Vanishing Dollar"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harlow, Roxanna

    2009-01-01

    Instructors teaching students about social inequality, especially sexism and racism, often face some degree of student resistance. Opposition is particularly strong when students are from a white, middle to upper class background. As Haddad and Lieberman (2002) remark, "Students from privileged backgrounds lack personal experience with structures…

  16. Green Consciousness or Dollar Diplomacy? The British Response to the Threat of Ozone Depletion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, James H.; Weiner, Sanford L.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the British role in the regulation of believed ozone-depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons. Recounts the history of the British policies during the emergence of the issue from 1974-80; a period of tactical resistance from 1980-87; and a change in policy from 1987-90. (66 references) (MDH)

  17. Where Have All the Dollars Gone?: No Child Left Behind Lawsuit Fizzles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bumsted, Brad

    2005-01-01

    On December 11, 2003, the Reading, Pennsylvania, School District, on behalf of "their students and their schools," filed a "Petition for Review" with the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania. In filing this petition, Reading became the first school district in the nation to sue a state education department over the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act.…

  18. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... earliest planting period for fall planted tomatoes and continues through the last day of the insurance... without the intervention of an intermediary such as a registered handler, wholesaler, retailer, packer... the tomatoes must be planted to be considered fall, winter or spring-planted tomatoes....

  19. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... applied the rules under § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1... after August 24, 1994. (ii) DASTM prior-year election. A taxpayer may elect to apply this section to any..., if applicable, § 1.985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to...

  20. Making Your Purchasing Dollars Count--Mistakes To Avoid in Purchasing from Catalogs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2002-01-01

    Describes common mistakes to be avoided by child care directors in early childhood catalog purchasing. Notes roadblocks to successful purchases, including failing to check out seller's reliability, comparing prices without including shipping costs or considering product quality, failing to anticipate needs, ordering from outdated catalogs, failing…

  1. America: The Trillion Dollar Lemonade Stand. Fundamentals of Free Enterprise, No. 1. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Fletcher National Bank and Trust Co., Indianapolis, IN.

    Designed for high school economics students as a public service project of the American Fletcher National Bank, the booklet examines the American free enterprise system as it relates to the traditional lemonade stand and its ability to make a profit. The parallel is made by considering some basic principles: (1) the constant need for capital to…

  2. Maximizing State Lottery Dollars for Public Education: An Analysis of Current State Lottery Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Kevin P.; Pijanowski, John C.

    2007-01-01

    Today, it is increasingly difficult for states to adequately satisfy the demand for well-funded and quality public services, such as K-12 education by relying exclusively on traditional, broad-based taxes for fiscal support. State sponsored lotteries are an increasingly popular, non-traditional revenue stream for public education. There is in many…

  3. Impact of practice guidelines on support surface selection, incidence of pressure ulcers, and fiscal dollars.

    PubMed

    Dukich, J; O'Connor, D

    2001-03-01

    Predicated on a need to control overall hospital costs and to integrate a Level 1 trauma center (Campus A) with a family practice based tertiary care hospital system (Campus B), expenditures associated with rental support surfaces were evaluated. Consistency and appropriateness of support surface selection is necessary to promote positive clinical outcomes, patient comfort, and a healthier bottom line, despite increasing costs. Clinical practice guidelines for therapeutic support surfaces were developed to decrease support surface expenditures and maintain prevalence rates below national averages. Utilizing the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research algorithm for managing tissue loads, along with other guidelines, criteria for prevention, comfort, and treatment were developed to assist nurses and physicians in support surface selections. A prevalence study was conducted before these criteria were implemented and repeated 1 year later. Expenditures for all rental support surfaces were assessed quarterly. Campus A, with a history of higher financial expenditures, was monitored weekly to assess whether support surfaces selections met guideline recommendations. Nursing staff reviewed hospital protocol regarding guidelines before implementation, and a self-administered review test was required during the first year post-implementation. One year later, a modest decrease in annual expenditures for rental support surfaces was noted. Campus A had a decrease in nosocomial pressure ulcers, while Campus B had an increased prevalence rate. Staff selection of support surfaces, within guideline recommendations, improved to 75% on medical/surgical units, and 98.8% in ICUs on Campus A. Although implementing support surface selection guidelines did not result in a significant reduction in cost, it created a framework for monitoring future related decisions. PMID:11889749

  4. Development of Creeping Bentgrass with Resistance to Snow Mold and Dollar Spot

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) is the premier grass for golf course putting greens and is one of the most desirable grasses for fairways and tee boxes for much of the USA. Recent breeding advances have demonstrated that genetic variation exists within creeping bentgrass for a range of pe...

  5. Investing 101: How Your School District Can Turn Those Pennies into Dollars through Wise Investments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Anne S.

    1999-01-01

    Districts should develop a conservative investment policy, give the finance director appropriate latitude, and avoid using local banks as investment brokers. They should secure adequate bank protection against things going wrong, use competitive bidding, expect interest rates to fluctuate, and accept risk the district can live with. (MLH)

  6. The dollars and senselessness in failing to prioritize childhood maltreatment prevention.

    PubMed

    Wekerle, Christine

    2011-03-01

    Childhood maltreatment captured medical attention almost 50 years ago. Reviews considering the evidence for published maltreatment prevention programming emerged about 20 years ago. In the second decade of the 21st century, evidence-based maltreatment prevention is a reality for at-risk groups; however, the research-to-practice and policy gap remains in most countries. This article considers the importance of personal financial health and how that is necessarily the building blocks of national health. It argues for the primacy of the goal of problem prevention-the prevention of childhood maltreatment. A twofold approach is suggested: (1) broad-scale adoption of evidence-based prevention and (2) and on-going commitment to refining the evidence base for effective, promising, and novel intervention. PMID:21481465

  7. Dollars, lobbying, and secrecy: how campaign contributions and lobbying affect public policy.

    PubMed

    Seymour, Whitney North; Seymour, Gabriel North

    2013-01-01

    Public policy is too often determined not by the merits of the case but, rather, by individuals, corporations, and even countries who buy influence and alter public policy for the benefit of only a few. As a wrap-up for this conference on "Corporate Interference with Science and Health: Fracking, Food and Wireless," it is our intent to provide a personal story of how money can buy favors and determine policies that are often counter to the public interest and can even lead to failure to protect the health of the public. Given our background in law specific to the US, the basis of our evidence comes from legal rulings as well as legislative actions that have had an impact on policies in the US. While the specifics of governments vary, related activities surrounding money, lobbying, who knows who, and how decisions are made in secret to benefit a few are events that occur everywhere.

  8. I Don't Need a Million-Dollar Grant--$5,000 Will Do!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keast, Dan A.

    2011-01-01

    Music teachers often need to be creative in finding monies for programs that go beyond the basics and reach more students. Grant-writing skills can bring both funding and other types of donations to enhance music programs. Researching the funding sources, looking at successful proposals, carefully following directions, seeking the opinions of…

  9. Dollars and Sense: Convincing Students that They Can Learn and Want to Learn Statistics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paxton, Pamela

    2006-01-01

    Quantitative methods are an integral part of much sociological research. For that reason, many sociology departments require a course in statistics as part of an undergraduate major in sociology, and most faculty view the undergraduate statistics course as a valuable part of an undergraduate student's training in sociology. Unfortunately, most…

  10. Black College Dollars: Scholarships for African-American Students. 2007-2008 Directory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fritsch, Adrienne; O'Brien, Colleen

    2008-01-01

    This scholarship guide was created for African-American students as one way to make their scholarship search a little easier. Inside this guide, readers will find information about scholarships that are designed to reduce the cost of college for African-American students, and for all students of color. Along with the who's, what's, and how's for…

  11. Helping Undergraduates Discover the Value of a Dollar through Self-Monitoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Lance; Bliss, Donna L.; Goetz, Joseph W.; Moorman, Diann

    2010-01-01

    Many college undergraduates lack basic financial management knowledge and skills while bearing ever increasing debt burdens upon graduation. In order to encourage students to become aware of their spending patterns and weigh those patterns against personal values, a self-monitoring project was implemented as a class activity. The resulting effect…

  12. Cost-effective provision of cardiac services in a fixed-dollar environment.

    PubMed

    Cohen, G; Ivanov, J; Weisel, R D; Rao, V; Borger, M A

    1996-11-01

    In the Canadian single-payer system, all hospital payments, including payments for cardiac operations, are negotiated with the government annually. Each hospital is required to remain within 50 cases of its negotiated surgical target. Physicians are paid on a capitated basis and are subject to penalties if negotiated targets are exceeded. There is a computerized waiting list for cardiac operation, with patients classified by an urgency rating scale and objectives set for the maximum period for any given urgency category. Experience has shown that many patients are delayed in the queue, waiting longer than expected for surgical procedures. Waiting times are not influenced by age, sex, or reoperative status, but are influenced by factors such as the presence of multiple risk factors, the number of diseased vessels, stability or unstability of angina, left main coronary artery disease, and recent angioplasty. Waiting time has not been shown to affect operative mortality, the incidence of postoperative low-output syndrome, or length of hospital stay. Canada's 30-year experience with the provision of cardiac services under managed care may provide useful information to hospitals and physicians in the United States currently confronting capitation. The following overview focuses on two critical issues: negotiation of costs and management of patient waiting lists.

  13. Connecting Spending and Results: Tying Dollars Spent to National, Campus Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellman, Jane

    2009-01-01

    As Americans near the end of the first decade of the new millennium, higher education in the United States is caught in a classic "good news/bad news" dilemma. The good news? Broad recognition of the importance of higher education to the country's future, along with larger federal funding increases than at any time in their history. The bad news?…

  14. From "Solution" to Catalyst: A New Role for Federal Education and Training Dollars. Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spring, William J.

    New statistics showing the need for improving the quality of the U.S. work force shift the focus of government-sponsored employment and training programs from social justice to economic security for all. At the same time, statistics show that more than 50 percent of young black males, even those who have a high school education, cannot find jobs.…

  15. The Consumer and His Health Dollar: One of a Series in Expanded Programs of Consumer Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    Designed as one of a series of modules in consumer education this booklet focuses on health problems from the consumer angle. It is designed to supplement the comprehensive health strands published by the New York State Education Department, and to be used as materials for an elective course. The module is constructed so that the student can…

  16. Making Ends Meet: Maximizing the Mental Health Dollar. Human Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Rebecca T.

    1986-01-01

    In light of reduced or eliminated federal funding, this report discusses mental health services provisions. The history of mental health service funding is presented. Funding responsibility is traced from communities, to states, to private health insurance, to federal assistance, to community provision with state and federal funds, and finally to…

  17. Hands-On Physics for Less than a Dollar per Hand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGervey, John D.

    1995-01-01

    Describes some inexpensive activities and demonstrations that illustrate basic concepts that are often overlooked, as a low-cost means to foster student participation in physics classes. Activities described deal with acceleration and forces, freefall, conservation of energy and momentum, conservation of angular momentum, and resonance. (JRH)

  18. Space and Dollars--An Urban University Expands. Case Studies of Educational Facilities, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstock, Ruth

    Using Drexel Institute of Philadelphia as a case study, Educational Facilities Laboratories investigated six areas of inquiry facing an urban university contemplating expansion--(1) economics of high-rise building, (2) economics of constructing low building units which can be vertically expanded at a later date, (3) conversion of industrial…

  19. SPACE AND DOLLARS--AN URBAN UNIVERSITY EXPANDS. CASE STUDIES OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES, NUMBER 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WEINSTOCK, RUTH

    USING DREXEL INSTITUTE OF PHILADELPHIA AS A CASE STUDY, EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES LABORATORIES INVESTIGATED SIX AREAS OF INQUIRY FACING AN URBAN UNIVERSITY CONTEMPLATING EXPANSION--(1) THE ECONOMICS OF THE HIGH-RISE BUILDING, (2) THE ECONOMICS OF CONSTRUCTING LOW BUILDING UNITS WHICH CAN BE VERTICALLY EXPANDED AT A LATER DATE, (3) THE CONVERSION OF…

  20. The Dollars and Cents of Investing Early: Cost-Benefit Analysis in Early Care and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James; Grunewald, Rob; Reynolds, Arthur

    2006-01-01

    Heckman et al. discuss how cost-benefit analysis of prekindergarten education programs demonstrates that the highest per child benefits stem from programs that focus on economically disadvantaged children. Indeed, studies have shown that these children make significant gains in cognition, social-emotional development, and educational performance…

  1. Financial Literacy Makes Dollars and Sense for Student Loan Borrowers and Lenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilke, Alisa

    2013-01-01

    "American Student Assistance" has a unique window onto students during some very important milestones in their formative financial years. This nonprofit interacts with students from the time they're choosing a college, to applying for financial aid and loans, to starting a first job, getting that first apartment, making that dreaded…

  2. Making the Most of Your Energy Dollars in Home Heating & Cooling. NBS Consumer Information Series 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Madeleine; Petersen, Stephen R.

    This pamphlet is a homeowner's guide to home weatherization. It provides a step-by-step energy audit that anyone can use to help determine the insulation needs of their home. This is not a "how-to-do-it" booklet, but is a guide by which homeowners can determine the best combination of improvements for their house, climate, and fuel costs. Provided…

  3. Defense Dollars and Sense: A Common Cause Guide to the Defense Budget Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rovner, Mark

    Designed to increase public awareness of military spending, this 5-part guide examines the process and problems of preparing the national defense budget. The publication begins with a brief overview of the 1984 defense budget. Major military programs, trends in budgeting, and key concerns in budget formulation are explored. Graphs and charts…

  4. SIZE FACTORS AND NON-DOLLAR COSTS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS, PHASE 1. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WAKEFIELD, HOWARD E.; AND OTHERS

    ELEMENTS OF EDUCATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY ARE IDENTIFIED WHICH ARE INFLUENCED BY SIZE OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS. PRODUCTIVITY INCLUDES OUTCOMES SUCH AS ACADEMIC PROGRESS AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND EXCLUDES ECONOMIC OUTCOMES SUCH AS GAINS IN INCOME. RESEARCH IN THIS FIRST PHASE WAS DONE WITH THE HIGH SCHOOLS OF IOWA. DATA STORED WITH THE IOWA EDUCATIONAL…

  5. 77 FR 61475 - Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-09

    ... silver, the United States Mint is announcing a new price of $59.95 for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated... Native American $1 Coin and one American Eagle Silver Coin. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: B.B....

  6. Coolerado Cooler Helps to Save Cooling Energy and Dollars: New Cooling Technology Targets Peak Load Reduction

    SciTech Connect

    Robichaud, R.

    2007-06-01

    This document is about a new evaporative cooling technology that can deliver cooler supply air temperatures than either direct or indirect evaporative cooling systems, without increasing humidity. The Coolerado Cooler technology can help Federal agencies reach the energy-use reduction goals of EPAct 2005, particularly in the western United States.

  7. Insufficient dollars and qualified personnel to meet United States mental health needs.

    PubMed

    Weil, Thomas P

    2015-04-01

    The American populace currently supports the need for providing additional mental health services for adolescents who frequently express anger and mood instability and maybe are at risk for major psychiatric disorders and behavioral problems; Vietnam, Iraqi, and Afghanistan veterans or military personnel still on duty diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, or other similar combat-related disabilities; the approximately 1 million prisoners currently incarcerated primarily because of substance abuse and needing medically related rehabilitative services; and senior citizens who experience dementia and depression and require improved therapeutics. The problems outlined herein are as follows: far too limited monies are being spent for mental health services (5.6% of total US expenditures for health or roughly one fifth of what is consumed for hospital care); effective therapies are often lacking; and there is a shortage of qualified mental health personnel except in upscale urban and suburban areas. Unfortunately, these problems are so immense that, even with enhanced prioritization of our available resources, they are still not entirely solvable. The American public may continue to impart lip service when attempting to respond to our nation's mental health needs or may decide to spend vastly more money for such care. The latter choice may not be forthcoming in the near future for various cultural-societal-clinical-fiscal reasons. PMID:25816044

  8. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) applied in translating... applied the rules under § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1..., if applicable, § 1.985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to...

  9. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) applied in translating... applied the rules under § 1.985-3 (as contained in the April 1, 1994 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1..., if applicable, § 1.985-5T, as contained in the April 1, 1993 edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to...

  10. Serials vs. the Dollar Dilemma: Currency Swings and Rising Costs Play Havoc with Prices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ketcham, Lee; Born, Kathleen

    1995-01-01

    This periodical price survey examines pricing trends, currency fluctuation and other predictors of 1996 serials costs. Tables are derived from analysis of three Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) databases and reflect subscription rates of large libraries. Sidebars include cost history information specific to mid-size to smaller academic…

  11. Troubled Local Economies and the Distribution of Federal Dollars. Background Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuciti, Peggy L.; And Others

    The economic problems of localities in the U.S. fall into two broad categories. Problems of low income occur if a local economy supplies too few jobs, and if the jobs that do exist pay low wages or are in the low productivity sectors of the economy. Problems stemming from low economic growth are marked either by an absolute decline or by low…

  12. 23 science societies issue joint call for more federal research dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlowicz, Michael

    In an unprecedented demonstration of unity, the leaders of 23 American scientific societies and umbrella organizations gathered on March 4 in Washington, D.C., to press the U.S. federal government for increased funding for scientific research and to make an investment in the nation's future. In a “Joint Statement on Scientific Research” addressed to President Bill Clinton and the Congress, the presidents of learned societies representing more than one million scientists, mathematicians, and engineers asked the government “to renew the nation's historical commitment to scientific research and education,” and to reverse the decline of federal investment in science and engineering. The American Geophysical Union was one of the signatories of the statement.

  13. Managing Your Home's Energy Dollar: An Energy Management Workbook for the Homeowner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Energy Information Associates, Inc., Littleton, CO.

    This workbook is intended to teach the homeowner some actions to be taken in the home to conserve energy and reduce energy-related costs. The workbook is arranged around five steps: (1) read utility meters, (2) study utility bills, (3) "tune-up" home energy systems, (4) make informed decisions about energy conservation products, and (5) compare…

  14. Beyond bankable dollars: establishing a business case for improving health care.

    PubMed

    Bailit, Michael; Dyer, Mary Beth

    2004-09-01

    To address widespread deficiencies in the quality of health care, the authors argue that health care organizations need to be able to make a "business case" for improving quality--a compelling rationale for financial investment in quality improvement programs. The authors' framework for such a business case is organized around three broad areas: direct financial considerations, strategic considerations, and internal organizational considerations. Within these categories, they offer a total of 10 specific business case arguments, with examples, for investing in quality improvement.

  15. Increasing Physical Activity in Nursing Home Residents Using Student Power, Not Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romack, Jennifer L.

    2004-01-01

    Nursing home programs committed to providing quality care need to investigate innovative ways to meet today's budget challenges. The purpose of this article is to describe a creative collaboration between a nonprofit nursing home facility and a suburban university. Through service-learning, undergraduate students planned and implemented…

  16. Gifts of the Magi: "Chef," "Million Dollar Arm," and Cultural Mixtures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    When groups using different cultural systems encounter one another in diverse societies, their previous cultures are transformed into a merged, complex cultural picture. Some culture areas are preserved while others are adjusted, exchanged, and merged. In our society, introducing groups to the cooking of other groups is a form of contact which…

  17. Scholars and Dollars: Politics, Economics, and the Universities of Ontario, 1945-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axelrod, Paul

    The impact of economic changes on Canadian universities in Ontario since World War II is explored, with focus on how universities were perceived by the public, why they were supported during the period of expansion, how they set out to fulfill their prescribed functions, and how they were affected by the diminished opportunities and cooler…

  18. Reinvesting the IT Dollar: From IT Firefighting to Quality Strategic Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Andrea

    2001-01-01

    Describes how organizations can become effective, efficient managers of the large maintenance part of their information technology budgets by using service management processes. Discusses the example of the University of Sydney Library's use of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) set of service management practices. (EV)

  19. Saving Futures, Saving Dollars: The Impact of Education on Crime Reduction and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBaun, Bill; Roc, Martens

    2013-01-01

    The nation could save as much as $18.5 billion in annual crime costs if the high school male graduation rate increased by only 5 percentage points, a new report from the Alliance for Excellent Education finds. This report examines and builds upon research that links lower levels of educational attainment with higher rates of arrests and…

  20. Recovery Act Investments in Broadband: Leveraging Federal Dollars to Create Jobs and Connect America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Executive Office of the President, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Broadband touches nearly every aspect of the U.S. economy, providing Americans with unprecedented opportunities in employment, education, health care, entrepreneurship, and civic participation. For millions of Americans without adequate access to broadband, however, the possibility of falling behind in the knowledge-based economy is real.…

  1. The Fine Print: How Schools Can Get the Best Value for Their Printer Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Careless, James

    2007-01-01

    Printers represent a big chunk of school districts' IT budgets. Unlike computers, however, most of the money schools spend on printers is not on the machines themselves but on keeping them serviced and filled with toner, drums, and paper. In this article, the author discusses five critical questions to ask before buying a printer.

  2. Restoring the Balance: Dollars, Values, and the Future of College Sports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Almost 20 years ago, the Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics released a landmark report about major college athletics. It criticized low athlete-graduation rates, questionable academic standards, and the increasing tendency of athletics programs to operate independently of university oversight. The trustees of the Knight Foundation…

  3. An ecological approach to evaluating a system of care program: dollars making sense.

    PubMed

    Green, Denise M; Twill, Sarah E; Nackerud, Larry; Holosko, Michael

    2014-01-01

    System of care (SOC) models in North America were developed in response to the needs of children with a severe emotional disturbance. Such children experience problems across life spheres including issues at home that put them at risk of abuse and neglect, difficulties at school including special education classification and dropping-out, and involvement with the juvenile courts. SOC evaluations and research suggests that an overreliance of evaluative research efforts on standardized scales and preconceived measurable outcomes have resulted in a loss of other important data. This study's confirmatory and holistic approach to evaluation illuminates important information concerning commonly ignored variables when using traditional evaluation models. The evaluative research study described focuses on three often overlooked behavioral variables in one SOC initiative, KidsNet Georgia, of Rockdale County, GA. These variables are: (a) using cohort analysis over time; (b) costing out services utilized; and (c) focusing on behavioral indicators and chance over time. The evaluative strategy, data collection, data, and cost analysis are discussed along with implications for practice with severe emotional disturbance youth and their families.

  4. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... adjacent row of plants. Tropical depression. A system identified by the U.S. Weather Service as a tropical depression, and for the period of time so designated, including tropical storms, gales, and hurricanes. 2...; (2) Fire; (3) Freeze; (4) Hail; (5) Tornado; (6) Tropical depression; or (7) Failure of...

  5. School Finance, Equivalent Educational Expenditure, and the Income Distribution: Equal Dollars or Equal Chances for Success?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Kathryn; Lambright, Kristina; Smeeding, Timothy M.

    2006-01-01

    This article breaks new ground in the debate on school finance and equality of per pupil school expenditures. We are able to merge school district data with the individual and family data of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). This allows us to examine both student and school district characteristics and to assess several measures of…

  6. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... value exceeding the amount payable to R. To fund the arrangement, R purchases a life insurance contract... makes no premium payments. The examples are as follows: Example 1. (i) In year 1, R purchases a life..., Employer R and Trust T, an irrevocable life insurance trust that is not treated under sections 671...

  7. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... value exceeding the amount payable to R. To fund the arrangement, R purchases a life insurance contract... makes no premium payments. The examples are as follows: Example 1. (i) In year 1, R purchases a life..., Employer R and Trust T, an irrevocable life insurance trust that is not treated under sections 671...

  8. Redundancy, Discrimination and Corruption in the Multibillion-Dollar Business of College Admissions Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rizzo, Monica Ellen

    2012-01-01

    Most American colleges and universities require standardized entrance exams when making admissions decisions. Scores on these exams help determine if, when and where students will be allowed to pursue higher education. These scores are also used to determine eligibility for merit based financial aid. This testing persists even though half of the…

  9. Utilizing Medicaid Dollars To Finance Services to Illinois Citizens with Developmental Disabilities. A Technical Assistance Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gettings, Robert M.

    This report examines possible steps the State of Illinois might take to expand the availability of Medicaid support for services to persons with developmental disabilties. Stressed throughout are the importance of: (1) evaluating whether any given application of Medicaid funding is consistent with the State's goals for persons with developmental…

  10. Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions--Technology Counts 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Virginia

    2005-01-01

    This article presents the special issues of the eighth edition of "Education Week's" annual report on education technology, "Technology Counts." The annual report tracks the economic and policy forces that are converging to push those changes, which are happening at the federal, state, and local levels. States and school districts are spending…

  11. Senators breathe new life into efforts to double federal dollars for R&D

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Folger, Peter

    At a press conference held Thursday, June 25, Senator Bill Frist (R-Tenn.) announced that he and Senator Jay Rockefeller (D-W.Va.) were introducing a bill to double federal support for research and development (R&D) over the next 12 years.This latest development gives a boost to legislation introduced last October by Senators Phil Gramm (R-Tex.) and Joe Lieberman (D-Conn.) to double R&D spending in a decade. The earlier bill, numbered S. 1305, garnered only 18 Senate cosponsors in 8 months and appears to be mired in the Labor and Human Resources Committee with little hope of moving to the Senate floor.

  12. Using the Contingent Valuation Method for Dollar Valuations of Library Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hider, Philip

    2008-01-01

    An application of the contingent valuation method (CVM) for estimating the economic value of a regional public library service is described, and some of the key methodological issues surrounding CVM and other stated preference techniques are discussed with reference to library use and funding contexts. Given the range of valuations that can result…

  13. Stretching the Software Dollar: MS-DOS Shareware and Public Domain Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grosch, Audrey N.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses shareware and public domain software for MS-DOS systems that are available through bulletin board systems (BBS). Problems with computer viruses are discussed; shareware available for communications, database and file management, spreadsheets, word processing, and menuing software is described; and source information for software is…

  14. 77 FR 22467 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-16

    ... Federal Crop Insurance Corporation 7 CFR Part 457 RIN 0563-AC32 Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh...: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) finalizes the Common Crop Insurance... provide policy changes and clarify existing policy provisions to better meet the needs of...

  15. Dollars, Dependency, and Divorce: Four Perspectives on the Role of Wives Income

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Stacy J.

    2004-01-01

    This article delineates and assesses the evidence for four perspectives that have guided previous research on the relationship between wives economic resources and marital stability. Hypotheses from these perspectives were tested using event history methods and 1980-1997 panel data for 1,704 individuals from the Marital Instability Over the Life…

  16. Awarding Dollars Based on Student Need: A Recommendation to Implement Weighted Student Funding in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Resource Strategies, 2014

    2014-01-01

    As the state of Georgia considers revising its K-12 funding formula, Education Resource Strategies (ERS) recommends the state implement a weighted student-funding formula (WSF) system in order to create resource use flexibility for districts and to remove the marginal inequity found in its current funding system. Additionally, such a change would…

  17. THE HUNDRED BILLION DOLLAR BONUS: Global Energy Efficiency Lessons from India

    SciTech Connect

    Paul, Seema; Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-03-01

    At a time when India and other nations are grappling with myriad energy-related challenges, including unstable, costly power sources and growing greenhouse gas emissions, energy efficiency offers an alternative at a fraction of the cost of other new sources of energy. A consortium of leading Indian regulators, nongovernmental organizations, and international experts has recognized this opportunity and is working to develop effective policies that will bring significant domestic benefits to India while accelerating the global transition to energy efficiency.

  18. Dollars for Sense: Assessing Achievement Gaps in Arkansas in the Context of Substantial Funding Increases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Joshua; Jensen, Nathan C.; Ritter, Gary W.

    2010-01-01

    Forty-four of the fifty states have experienced school finance lawsuits as a consequence of funding gaps between rich and poor districts. In some states, such as Kentucky, lawsuits brought about by property-poor districts have resulted in a statewide remedy that reforms the property tax system and seeks to provide every child with an adequate…

  19. Day Late, Dollar Short: The Next Generation and the New Academy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Peter C., Ed.

    The chapters of this book explore how recent changes in university culture and administration have affected and will continue to affect the next generation of literacy critics. Following an introduction, 60s Theory/90s Practice by Peter C. Herman, the chapters are: (1) The Posttheory Generation (Jeffrey Williams); (2) Stars, Tenure, and the Death…

  20. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... from an underlying transaction that has been authorized by a specific or general license issued pursuant to this part; (2) The transfer arises from an underlying transaction that is not prohibited by... to a family-owned enterprise); or (3) The transfer arises from an underlying transaction that...

  1. High-Stakes Hustle: Public Schools and the New Billion Dollar Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baines, Lawrence A.; Stanley, Gregory Kent

    2004-01-01

    High-stakes testing costs up to $50 billion per annum, has no impact on student achievement, and has changed the focus of American public schools. This article analyzes the benefits and costs of the accountability movement, as well as discusses its roots in the eugenics movements of the early 20th century.

  2. 12 CFR 713.5 - What is the required minimum dollar amount of coverage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CREDIT UNIONS FIDELITY BOND AND INSURANCE COVERAGE FOR FEDERAL CREDIT UNIONS § 713.5 What is the required... its own internal risk assessment, its fraud trends and loss experience, and factors such as its cash... limit of liability. This requirement does not apply to optional insurance coverage. (e) Any proposal...

  3. Dropouts, Diplomas, and Dollars: U.S. High Schools and the Nation's Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amos, Jason

    2008-01-01

    America's high schools are hemorrhaging talent at the rate of seven thousand students every school day--a steady drip that grows into a tidal wave of more than 1.2 million dropouts each year, a number equal to the entire population of Dallas or San Diego. Jobs that require relatively little education are increasingly done by machines or shipped…

  4. Critical role of physiologist John A. Johnson in the origins of Minnesota's billion dollar pacemaker industry.

    PubMed

    Gott, Vincent L

    2007-01-01

    Complete heart block developed in more than 10% of C. Walton Lillehei's early patients undergoing closure of ventricular septal defects, and hospital mortality was 100% in this group of patients. This problem of early fatality from heart block was completely eliminated with the use of a myocardial electrode in combination with an external plug-in electric stimulator. This method of treatment, suggested by Dr John A. Johnson, a professor of physiology at the University of Minnesota, was first used by Dr Lillehei on January 30, 1957. The next 3 years would witness the development of a portable, external, battery-powered pacemaker, and then an implantable pacemaker available for thousands of patients susceptible to lethal Stokes-Adams attacks. Fifty years have passed, and in 2005, approximately 800,000 pacemakers were implanted worldwide.

  5. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... tomato—A tomato that: (1) Has a glossy waxy skin that cannot be torn by scraping; (2) Has well-formed... tomatoes must be planted to be considered fall, winter or spring-planted tomatoes. Potential production—The...-irrigated practices are not applicable. 3. Amounts of Insurance and Production Stages (a) In addition to...

  6. Initiatives for Containing the Cost of Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massy, William F.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author offers a comprehensive reform agenda for policymakers interested in cost containment. Massy lays out a series of initiatives that, working in tandem, can promote the larger goal of compelling colleges to spend money wisely. Among the individual reforms Massy proposes are creating a national database of cost-containment…

  7. Dollars and Sense: Diverse Perspectives on Block Grants and the Personal Responsibility Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Sid; And Others

    In March 1995, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Personal Responsibility Act (H.R. 4), part of the House Republican Contract with America. The bill would move primary responsibility for child and family programs to states and communities, reduce federal spending, and consolidate programs into block grants for child care, child…

  8. Data and dollars: how CDHC is driving the convergence of banking and health care.

    PubMed

    Hammer, David C

    2007-02-01

    The new world of consumer-directed health care is arriving faster than many thought possible, and new trends are taking shape: Consumers in large numbers are adopting health savings accounts paired with high-deductible insurance policies. Banks, credit unions, and even insurance companies are offering HSAs and making them increasingly attractive by letting holders invest their unused deposits in mutual funds. Employers-including giants such as Wal-Mart--are pushing their employees in large numbers into these consumer-directed plans. PMID:17315632

  9. Get the Most out of Your AV System Dollar. Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wadsworth, Raymond H.

    1974-01-01

    Describes how to save money when designing AV facilities; excellent viewing from all seats is achieved by applying certain basic principles to the design of the room and the selection of the equipment. (Author/MLF)

  10. Seeing beyond Silos: How State Education Agencies Spend Federal Education Dollars and Why

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Historically, state departments of education, or SEAs, have--for the most part--been compliance-focused organizations that managed federal education policy. Over the past several decades, these agencies have been education policy implementation entities. Today, while their compliance responsibilities have remained, they are taking on more…

  11. The value of the political action committee: dollars and influence for nurse leaders.

    PubMed

    Twedell, Diane M; Webb, Jo Ann

    2007-01-01

    Nurse leaders play an important role in the shaping of healthcare policy and the care delivery models of the future. It is vital for nurse leaders to understand the role of money in politics and how donations to a candidate's campaigns can be beneficial in getting one's concerns addressed by Congress. The political action committee (PAC) is a major vehicle for campaign contributions for candidates from any party. This article will detail the following related to PACs: history and background information, government regulations, and why PACs are an important vehicle for nurse leaders to gain access and influence in Congress.

  12. The Effect of Farmers' Decisions on Pest Control with Bt Crops: A Billion Dollar Game of Strategy.

    PubMed

    Milne, Alice E; Bell, James R; Hutchison, William D; van den Bosch, Frank; Mitchell, Paul D; Crowder, David; Parnell, Stephen; Whitmore, Andrew P

    2015-12-01

    A farmer's decision on whether to control a pest is usually based on the perceived threat of the pest locally and the guidance of commercial advisors. Therefore, farmers in a region are often influenced by similar circumstances, and this can create a coordinated response for pest control that is effective at a landscape scale. This coordinated response is not intentional, but is an emergent property of the system. We propose a framework for understanding the intrinsic feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and the dynamics of pest populations and demonstrate this framework using the European corn borer, a serious pest in maize crops. We link a model of the European corn borer and a parasite in a landscape with a model that simulates the decisions of individual farmers on what type of maize to grow. Farmers chose whether to grow Bt-maize, which is toxic to the corn borer, or conventional maize for which the seed is cheaper. The problem is akin to the snow-drift problem in game theory; that is to say, if enough farmers choose to grow Bt maize then because the pest is suppressed an individual may benefit from growing conventional maize. We show that the communication network between farmers' and their perceptions of profit and loss affects landscape scale patterns in pest dynamics. We found that although adoption of Bt maize often brings increased financial returns, these rewards oscillate in response to the prevalence of pests.

  13. A Billion-Dollar "Typo" Is Found in IRS Data on Corporate Giving to Non-Profit Causes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grassmuck, Karen

    1990-01-01

    A follow-up study by officials of the Council for Aid to Education uncovered a major error in the Internal Revenue Service's 1987 corporate-contributions data. The new figures, representing contributions from 1986 to 1989, reflect a continued but less dramatic growth in corporate philanthropy. (MLW)

  14. 38 CFR 3.505 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Reductions and Discontinuances § 3.505 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full... compensation for a Filipino veteran or his or her survivor under § 3.42 will be the earliest of the...

  15. 38 CFR 3.505 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Reductions and Discontinuances § 3.505 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full... compensation for a Filipino veteran or his or her survivor under § 3.42 will be the earliest of the...

  16. 38 CFR 3.505 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Reductions and Discontinuances § 3.505 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full... compensation for a Filipino veteran or his or her survivor under § 3.42 will be the earliest of the...

  17. 38 CFR 3.505 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Reductions and Discontinuances § 3.505 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full... compensation for a Filipino veteran or his or her survivor under § 3.42 will be the earliest of the...

  18. 38 CFR 3.505 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Reductions and Discontinuances § 3.505 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full... compensation for a Filipino veteran or his or her survivor under § 3.42 will be the earliest of the...

  19. The Effect of Farmers’ Decisions on Pest Control with Bt Crops: A Billion Dollar Game of Strategy

    PubMed Central

    Hutchison, William D.; van den Bosch, Frank; Mitchell, Paul D.; Crowder, David; Parnell, Stephen; Whitmore, Andrew P.

    2015-01-01

    A farmer’s decision on whether to control a pest is usually based on the perceived threat of the pest locally and the guidance of commercial advisors. Therefore, farmers in a region are often influenced by similar circumstances, and this can create a coordinated response for pest control that is effective at a landscape scale. This coordinated response is not intentional, but is an emergent property of the system. We propose a framework for understanding the intrinsic feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and the dynamics of pest populations and demonstrate this framework using the European corn borer, a serious pest in maize crops. We link a model of the European corn borer and a parasite in a landscape with a model that simulates the decisions of individual farmers on what type of maize to grow. Farmers chose whether to grow Bt-maize, which is toxic to the corn borer, or conventional maize for which the seed is cheaper. The problem is akin to the snow-drift problem in game theory; that is to say, if enough farmers choose to grow Bt maize then because the pest is suppressed an individual may benefit from growing conventional maize. We show that the communication network between farmers’ and their perceptions of profit and loss affects landscape scale patterns in pest dynamics. We found that although adoption of Bt maize often brings increased financial returns, these rewards oscillate in response to the prevalence of pests. PMID:26720851

  20. Public Policies, Prices, and Productivity in American Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauptman, Arthur M.

    2013-01-01

    Rapid increases in what colleges charge and what they spend per student have been and remain one of the most controversial aspects of American higher education. Tuition, fees, and other college charges have increased in both the public and private sectors at more than twice the rate of inflation for over a quarter century. Trends over time in what…

  1. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities...-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b, 249.308b, or 249.220f) filed with the... outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR 249.308). (8) Preceding 6...

  2. Fiscal and Monetary Policy via the Internet and Where Did the Too Many Dollars Come From? Lesson Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ripp, Ken

    This document contains two lesson plans. The first, "Fiscal and Monetary Policy via the Internet," seeks to expose high school students to Internet technology while introducing them to fiscal and monetary policy. Information gathering skills, economic understanding, policy application, and economic content retention should all be enhanced by this…

  3. 77 FR 15052 - Dataset Workshop-U.S. Billion Dollar Disasters Dataset (1980-2011): Assessing Dataset Strengths...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-14

    ... restrictions preclude attendance for those who do not RSVP by the deadline. Space is also limited to the first... individual basis once participation has been confirmed through RSVP. Workshop Date and Time: The workshop... will be placed on dataset accuracy and time-dependent biases. Pathways to overcome accuracy and...

  4. Dollars and Sense: Analysis of Spending and Revenue Patterns to Inform Fiscal Planning for California Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shulock, Nancy; Offenstein, Jeremy; Esch, Camille

    2011-01-01

    After decades of focusing on expansion and access, California's institutions of higher education are now being handed a more difficult charge: to dramatically increase the number of college graduates with diminishing state funding. There is a growing consensus that the United States needs to ratchet up its production of college graduates to turn…

  5. Surveying for Dollars: The Role of the American Community Survey in the Geographic Distribution of Federal Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reamer, Andrew D.

    2010-01-01

    The American Community Survey (ACS) is a Census Bureau program that provides annually updated information on demographic, social, economic, and housing characteristics of U.S. households at every level of geography, from the nation to the neighborhood. ACS data are used by public and business decision-makers to more clearly identify issues and…

  6. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities... lowest to highest based on the index's weighting methodology; and (ii) For which the sum of the weight of... outstanding shares of such security as reported on the most recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form...

  7. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities... lowest to highest based on the index's weighting methodology; and (ii) For which the sum of the weight of... outstanding shares of such security as reported on the most recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form...

  8. Innovation in Photovoltaic Science, Engineering, and Policy: A Potential Trillion-Dollar Global Industry for Sustainable Energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Cheng

    The solar photovoltaic (PV) technology was an expensive niche energy source only for satellite applications, hallmarked by the Bell Lab's launch of the Telstar satellite with PV cells in 1962. Over the past decades, the accumulation of vast amount of effort across various disciplines in science, engineering, and policy has enabled the phenomenal growth of the solar PV industry into a global enterprise with about 140 gigawatt (GW) of cumulative installations by the end of 2013. Further cost reduction through innovation holds the promise in deploying terawatt (TW)-scale solar PV systems globally in both developed and developing countries, meeting growing energy demand and mitigating climate change. Chapter 1 presents a big picture view of the unsustainable path, heavily relying on fossil fuels, in the current global energy landscape. The main body of the dissertation examines the solar PV technology from a holistic and interdisciplinary perspective: from the basic research, to innovations in manufacturing and installing PV modules, to the driving energy policies. Chapter 2 offers a fundamental understanding of the PV technology and a review on recent scientific advances in improving PV efficiency (W/m 2). Chapter 3 reviews the state-of-the-art process flow in manufacturing commercial PV modules. In the context of pursuing further reduction in manufacturing cost (/m2), the thin Si film concept and its recent research effort are reviewed. Aiming to explore novel ways to produce high-quality seed crystals for thin Si film deposition, the key findings of the laser crystallization experiment is presented in Chapter 4. The fundamental thermophysics of nucleation and crystal growth is first reviewed, which highlights the importance of temperature evolution and heat transport in modelling the ultrafast laser crystallization process. Laser crystallization of a range of Si nanostructures are then carried out to study the nucleation and crystal growth behavior under some novel conditions, such as suspended narrow Si membranes and Si nanoparticles confined on top of oxide nanostructures. The cost of a PV module (/W) is determined by both its rated efficiency (W/m2) and its manufacturing cost (/m2). However, the same PV module with the same cost can lead to significantly different levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) in /kWh, depending on the location and configuration of the installed PV system. Chapter 5 starts with an overview of the geographic distribution of solar resources and retail electricity rates, which yield a range of grid parity points across the world. Then, energy yield simulations for different PV panel tilt configurations are carried out using the angle-and-wavelength-resolved solar irradiance data, to examine the effect of angular and spectral variations in the solar spectrum on system performance. Energy policies have been the driving forces for the phenomenal progress of the PV technology: the continuing reduction in cost and the rapid growth in deployment. Chapter 6 first reviews major policy instruments for PV, and then discusses about a few important policy lessons from the rapid development of the global PV industry during 2000-2013. Concerned with the mounting fiscal pressure from deployment incentives and focused on further cost reductions, an innovation-focused policy framework is proposed to revive the PV manufacturing sector and to pursue an innovation-driven global PV industry moving forward.

  9. 78 FR 12089 - Revision of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(a) of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... sections 101(3), 101(18), 101(19A), 101(51D), 109(e), 303(b), 507(a), 522(d), 522(f)(3) and 522(f)(4), 522... April 1 under sections 101(3), 101(18), 101(19A), 101(51D), 109(e), 303(b), 507(a), 522(d), 522(f)(3... subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to cases commenced before the date of such adjustments....

  10. In the Bank...Or Up the Chimney? A Dollars and Cents Guide to Energy-Saving Home Improvements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ackerman, Allan D.; And Others

    This book is designed to answer energy conservation questions about the home. It explains what energy conservation procedures are most efficient and under what conditions. Means for estimating the financial cost of these energy-saving home improvements are included. The book is divided into four parts: (1) A quick look at your home; (2) A closer…

  11. 75 FR 8747 - Revision of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(A) of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... of 1994, Public Law 103-394, section 108(e), (1994) as amended by Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and...,200 21,625 522(f)(3)(B)--exception to lien 5,475 5,850 avoidance under certain state laws. 522(f)(4)(B...). goods for lien avoidance purposes. 522(n)--maximum aggregate value 1,095,000......... 1,171,650...

  12. 26 CFR 31.3121(i)-1 - Computation to nearest dollar of cash remuneration for domestic service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE EMPLOYMENT... amount actually paid between $4.50 and $5.49, inclusive, may be treated as $5 for purposes of the taxes... 26 CFR part 31 contained in the edition of 26 CFR parts 30 to 39, revised as of April 1, 2006)....

  13. The Brazos Bottoms Next Time: A Discussion of Black Colleges, Federal Dollars and Social Change. A Staff Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hebert, Tom; Frank, Virginia

    Federal consciousness of minority issues in general and of black colleges in particular is increasing daily as programs are instituted to promote equality among the various races in the U.S. This paper reviews some government social agencies where signs of progress are already visible: Model Cities, Social Rehabilitation, the Environmental…

  14. Vannevar Bush 2: Science for the 21st Century. Why Should Federal Dollars be Spent to Support Scientific Research?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, Kate (Editor)

    1995-01-01

    On July 5, 1945, Dr. Vannevar Bush delivered a report to President Truman known as 'Science: The Endless Frontier'. In the report, Dr. Bush stated that 'scientific progress is one essential key to our security as a nation, to our better health, to more jobs, to a higher standard of living, and to our cultural progress'. Bush addressed job creation, the independence of basic research, the ties between research and application, and the nations's need for new talent. In 1995, there are strong similarities between the issues addressed in the Congress, Administration, and the public and those following World War 2. Federal funds and research funding are under severe pressure, including that from fiscal constraints in the federal budget due to the large and growing deficit and the escalating cost of health care. Defense conversion is addressed in the Congress and in industry, where many jobs are at stake. Conversion of the national laboratories, particularly nuclear weapons laboratories, has been a subject of a governmental commission and is the subject of draft legislation. Health care costs and the appropriate role of the federal government in funding basic and applied research has become a major topic of debate. Discussion on education in science has grown from the issue of how to produce more Ph.D.'s to how to improve the understanding of technology and science among the general public.

  15. 77 FR 840 - Pricing for 2012 America the Beautiful Quarters® Products and American Eagle Silver Dollars

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-06

    ... United States Mint Pricing for 2012 America the Beautiful Quarters Products and American Eagle Silver... Mint is announcing 2012 pricing for America the Beautiful Quarters products and American Eagle Silver... Quarters Circulating Coin Set TM..... 5.95 America the Beautiful Five Ounce Silver Uncirculated Coin.....

  16. The Effect of Farmers' Decisions on Pest Control with Bt Crops: A Billion Dollar Game of Strategy.

    PubMed

    Milne, Alice E; Bell, James R; Hutchison, William D; van den Bosch, Frank; Mitchell, Paul D; Crowder, David; Parnell, Stephen; Whitmore, Andrew P

    2015-12-01

    A farmer's decision on whether to control a pest is usually based on the perceived threat of the pest locally and the guidance of commercial advisors. Therefore, farmers in a region are often influenced by similar circumstances, and this can create a coordinated response for pest control that is effective at a landscape scale. This coordinated response is not intentional, but is an emergent property of the system. We propose a framework for understanding the intrinsic feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and the dynamics of pest populations and demonstrate this framework using the European corn borer, a serious pest in maize crops. We link a model of the European corn borer and a parasite in a landscape with a model that simulates the decisions of individual farmers on what type of maize to grow. Farmers chose whether to grow Bt-maize, which is toxic to the corn borer, or conventional maize for which the seed is cheaper. The problem is akin to the snow-drift problem in game theory; that is to say, if enough farmers choose to grow Bt maize then because the pest is suppressed an individual may benefit from growing conventional maize. We show that the communication network between farmers' and their perceptions of profit and loss affects landscape scale patterns in pest dynamics. We found that although adoption of Bt maize often brings increased financial returns, these rewards oscillate in response to the prevalence of pests. PMID:26720851

  17. Highlights of Fire in the United States: Deaths, Injuries, Dollar Loss, and Incidents at the National, State, and Local Levels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Fire Prevention and Control Administration (DOC), Washington, DC. National Fire Data Center.

    This report provides fire departments, federal and state governments, and others active in the fire protection field with information which can be used to improve the efficacy and targeting of fire prevention programs. As a byproduct, it illustrates ways that state and local governments might analyze their own fire problems. The report describes…

  18. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities...-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b, 249.308b, or 249.220f) filed with the... outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR 249.308). (8) Preceding 6...

  19. 17 CFR 41.11 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) SEC means the Securities...-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b, 249.308b, or 249.220f) filed with the... outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR 249.308). (8) Preceding 6...

  20. 77 FR 4084 - Prices for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-26

    ... table below. The attached grid is the pricing for products that include gold coins based on the market price of gold. Product Introductory price Regular price 2012 Infantry Soldier Proof Silver $54.95 $59.95... Attached Grid. Gold Coin. 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Uncirculated See Attached Grid See Attached Grid....

  1. Asymmetrical long-run dependence between oil price and US dollar exchange rate-Based on structural oil shocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Jiaqi; Gu, Rongbao

    2016-08-01

    The multifractal behavior in cross-correlation between oil prices and exchange rates is examined in this paper. We use the multifractal detrended cross-correlation analysis to investigate the general cross-correlations, and further show that these cross-correlations are asymmetric by multifractal asymmetric cross-correlation analysis. We recover the structural oil shocks and then use these indicators to characterize the asymmetries along with oil price trend itself. Our empirical results show that their asymmetric degrees vary significantly. The sign of oil supply shock leads to the most significant asymmetry among them.

  2. Half-Million-Dollar Decisions--the Recruitment and Selection of Educators. OSSC Bulletin Vol. 20, No. 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Kenneth A.; Shinn, James L.

    This booklet is intended to aid school officials in developing recruitment and selection procedures that fit local needs for hiring new teachers and administrators. The authors outline two basic recruitment and selection plans--one for teaching positions and one for administrative positions. Although these suggestions are designed for school…

  3. Stretching the School Dollar: How Schools and Districts Can Save Money While Serving Students Best. Educational Innovations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M., Ed.; Osberg, Eric, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Simultaneous pressures to reduce costs and increase student achievement have never been greater than they are today. Not only is cost-cutting essential in this era of tightened resources, argue Hess and Osberg, but eliminating inefficient spending is critical for freeing up resources to drive school reform. This provocative book brings together a…

  4. SLJ's Spending Survey: As the Economy Limps along and Federal Dollars Dwindle, School Librarians Are Turning into Resourceful Survivors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmer, Lesley

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of the latest "SLJ" survey of school expenditures and collections for 2009-2010. The survey reveals that librarians have used a variety of coping techniques to weather this economic storm, whether it is servicing more than one school, using additional volunteers, taking on more tasks, or seeking outside funding.…

  5. The Law School Admission Council: A Hundred-Million-Dollar Investment Fund That Does Law School Testing on the Side.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2000

    2000-01-01

    The nonprofit corporation that performs standardized testing for law school admission has in recent years produced $100 million in profits. For minority groups who tend to score poorly on the test, the question is why the corporation refuses to dedicate some of its wealth to commissioning an independent study of whether test results correlate with…

  6. A million dollar exit from the anarchic slum-world: Slumdog Millionaire's hollow idioms of social justice.

    PubMed

    Sengupta, Mitu

    2010-01-01

    This article contests the characterisation of the popular and acclaimed film, Slumdog Millionaire, as a realistic portrayal of India's urban poverty that will ultimately serve as a tool of advocacy for India's urban poor. It argues that the film's reductive view of slum-spaces will more probably reinforce negative attitudes towards slum-dwellers, lending credibility to the sorts of policies that have historically dispossessed them of power and dignity. By drawing attention to the film's celebration of characters and spaces that symbolise Western culture and Northern trajectories of 'development', the article also critically engages with some of the issues raised by the film's enormous success.

  7. Saving Now and Saving Later: How High School Reform Can Reduce the Nation's Wasted Remediation Dollars. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    For young people entering the twenty-first-century job market, high school graduation is no longer the finish line, but the starting line. While one-third of students will fail to graduate from high school, too many students who do graduate and make it to the postsecondary starting line find that they are underprepared for postsecondary work. A…

  8. A million dollar exit from the anarchic slum-world: Slumdog Millionaire's hollow idioms of social justice.

    PubMed

    Sengupta, Mitu

    2010-01-01

    This article contests the characterisation of the popular and acclaimed film, Slumdog Millionaire, as a realistic portrayal of India's urban poverty that will ultimately serve as a tool of advocacy for India's urban poor. It argues that the film's reductive view of slum-spaces will more probably reinforce negative attitudes towards slum-dwellers, lending credibility to the sorts of policies that have historically dispossessed them of power and dignity. By drawing attention to the film's celebration of characters and spaces that symbolise Western culture and Northern trajectories of 'development', the article also critically engages with some of the issues raised by the film's enormous success. PMID:20607903

  9. From Dreams to Dollars: Joining the Theory of Planning with the Practicality of Budget to Maximize Both

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorsey, Myrtle E. B.

    2008-01-01

    The integrated online planning and budget development system at Baton Rouge Community College is an innovative approach to systematically link college strategic priorities and unit plan objectives with financial resources. Using two industry standards (Microsoft Access and Sungard Banner), a user-friendly program was developed that has facilitated…

  10. 76 FR 41838 - Order Approving Adjustment for Inflation of the Dollar Amount Tests in Rule 205-3 Under the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... factors as ``financial sophistication, net worth, knowledge of and experience in financial matters, amount... Adviser Performance Compensation, Investment Advisers Act Release No. 3198 (May 10, 2011) [76 FR 27959... , a qualified client means a natural person who or a company that immediately after entering into...

  11. Addressing the Declining Productivity of Higher Education Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Douglas N.

    2013-01-01

    Higher education productivity, as measured by academic degrees granted by American colleges and universities, is declining. Since the early 1990s, real expenditures on higher education have grown by more than 25 percent, now amounting to 2.9 percent of US gross domestic product (GDP)--greater than the percentage of GDP spent on higher education in…

  12. If I Had a Hammer (and Several Million Dollars): The Saga of the AIHEC Cultural Learning Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edinger, Anne; Ambler, Marjane

    2002-01-01

    Presents an interview with Gail Bruce and Anne Ediger, who, in the early 1990s, conceived the idea of building cultural centers on 30 tribal college campuses. States that they imagined the centers would simply serve as repositories for Indian artifacts; however, after years of fund-raising efforts and program obstacles, the buildings transformed…

  13. The One-Thousand-Dollar Alternative: How One University Structures a Fee-Based Information Service for Local Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cady, Susan A.; Richards, Berry G.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the provision of subscription-based information services to business and industry by the Lehigh University Library. The types of services available, the rates charged for specific services, the importance of speed and confidentiality, and the relationship between the academic library and the business world are reviewed. (JL)

  14. Centralized Analysis of Local Data, With Dollars and Lives on the Line: Lessons From The Home Radon Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Price, PhillipN.; Gelman, Andrew

    2014-11-24

    In this chapter we elucidate four main themes. The first is that modern data analyses, including "Big Data" analyses, often rely on data from different sources, which can present challenges in constructing statistical models that can make effective use of all of the data. The second theme is that although data analysis is usually centralized, frequently the final outcome is to provide information or allow decision-making for individuals. Third, data analyses often have multiple uses by design: the outcomes of the analysis are intended to be used by more than one person or group, for more than one purpose. Finally, issues of privacy and confidentiality can cause problems in more subtle ways than are usually considered; we will illustrate this point by discussing a case in which there is substantial and effective political opposition to simply acknowledging the geographic distribution of a health hazard. A researcher analyzes some data and learns something important. What happens next? What does it take for the results to make a difference in people's lives? In this chapter we tell a story - a true story - about a statistical analysis that should have changed government policy, but didn't. The project was a research success that did not make its way into policy, and we think it provides some useful insights into the interplay between locally-collected data, statistical analysis, and individual decision making.

  15. Dollars, Distinction, or Duty? The Meaning of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards for Teachers' Work and Collegial Relations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anagnostopoulos, Dorothea; Sykes, Gary; McCrory, Raven; Cannata, Marisa; Frank, Kenneth

    2010-01-01

    The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) is the most prominent contemporary effort to professionalize teaching. Along with identifying exceptional teachers, the NBPTS seeks to alter teachers' work by establishing a cadre of expert teachers capable of and obligated to leading school improvement efforts. This article reports…

  16. 17 CFR 230.506 - Exemption for limited offers and sales without regard to dollar amount of offering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...(c) offering, obtaining a certification by such person at the time of sale that he or she qualifies... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78j(b)) and 17 CFR 240.10b-5, section 15(c)(1) of the Securities... with just and equitable principles of trade; (vii) Has filed (as a registrant or issuer), or was or...

  17. Stafford Student Loans. Millions of Dollars in Loans Awarded to Ineligible Borrowers. Report to the Chairman, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Committee on Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Information Management and Technology Div.

    This report presents the results of an investigation which evaluated the Department of Education's data base on Stafford Loans and discusses how the Department can use the information to prevent loan abuses. The investigation's findings reveal that loan defaulters may have obtained about $109 million in new loans, and that students received…

  18. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... to such number of outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR...

  19. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... to the executing NASA entities, submit general user requirements to permit preliminary planning... for technical definition and development of operational and interface control documents. (Ref. § 1215.... § 1215.109(b)). User confirmation of the schedule is required. Time: Up to 72 hours prior to an...

  20. Joe Camel with Feathers. How the NRA with Gun and Tobacco Industry Dollars Uses Its Eddie Eagle Program To Market Guns to Kids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glick, Susan; Sugarmann, Josh

    The National Rifle Association (NRA) has developed its Eddie Eagle program as a school-based curriculum that claims to teach gun safety to children in preschool through grade six. The program uses a four-part message for children to follow when they see a gun, admonishing them to stop, not touch it, leave the area, and tell an adult. The NRA has…

  1. Recovery Act: Billions of Dollars in Education Credits Appear to Be Erroneous. Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration. Reference Number: 2011-41-083

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of the Treasury, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Education credits are available to help offset the costs of higher education for taxpayers, their spouses, and dependents who qualify as eligible students. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) amended the Hope Scholarship Tax Credit (Hope Credit) to provide for a refundable tax credit known as the American Opportunity…

  2. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... securities in such index are ranked from lowest to highest based on the index's weighting methodology;...

  3. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... securities in such index are ranked from lowest to highest based on the index's weighting methodology;...

  4. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... for its last taxable year beginning before January 1, 1987, and it had a significant event as... edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) for its first taxable year beginning in 1987 (DASTM QBU)....

  5. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... for its last taxable year beginning before January 1, 1987, and it had a significant event as... edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) for its first taxable year beginning in 1987 (DASTM QBU)....

  6. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... for its last taxable year beginning before January 1, 1987, and it had a significant event as... edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) for its first taxable year beginning in 1987 (DASTM QBU)....

  7. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... for its last taxable year beginning before January 1, 1987, and it had a significant event as... edition of 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) for its first taxable year beginning in 1987 (DASTM QBU)....

  8. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... taxable year beginning before January 1, 1987, and it had a significant event as described in § 1.964-1(c... 26 CFR part 1 (1.908 to 1.1000)) for its first taxable year beginning in 1987 (DASTM QBU). A...

  9. Reset or Forge Ahead? Is There a Future and "Value" in the Study of Spanish? Historical Trends and Calculations of the Merit or Dollar Worth of the Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dulfano, Isabel; Rubio, Fernando

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to trace the actual demand on enrolments over time, as much as the history of wavering public and academic sentiment towards teaching and speaking Spanish in this country during the last century. Secondarily, we examine the question of the value of mother tongue fluency or the acquisition, mastery and usage of the…

  10. Moving from functions to benefits without dollars: Using non-monetary indicators for prioritizing wetland restoration with a flood risk reduction example

    EPA Science Inventory

    Wetlands functional assessments have gained traction as a means to compare wetlands on their ability to produce benefits for people. However, such assessments stop short of actually connecting wetland benefits to people. This means a wetland may be highly productive, yet have a c...

  11. Military satellite communications: Opportunity to save billions of dollars. Report to the Chairman, Legislation, and National Security Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1993-07-01

    During the past several years, the Congress has been critical of DOD's management of satellite communications-a primary concern being high costs. In August 1989, the House Appropriations Committee expressed concern that DOD's satellite communications architecture was in a state of disarray. It directed DOD to provide a comprehensive plan, defining all satellite communications requirements and potential solutions to meet the requirements within realistic resource levels. In October 1990, during deliberations on the fiscal year 1991 defense appropriations bill, the conference committee expressed dissatisfaction with the plan that DOD had provided in March 1990. The committee was concerned about the lack of a comprehensive architecture and directed DOD to submit a clear and affordable plan with the fiscal year 1992 defense budget request.

  12. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... to such number of outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR...

  13. 17 CFR 240.3a55-1 - Method for determining market capitalization and dollar value of average daily trading volume...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.) on Form F-6 (17 CFR 239.36). (d) Definitions. For purposes of... recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 10-KSB, Form 10-QSB, or Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.310, 249.308a, 249.310b... to such number of outstanding shares subsequently reported by the issuer on a Form 8-K (17 CFR...

  14. Why Aren't Dollars Following Need? The Need for Professional Development Is Enormous and Expressed; the Question Is, Where's the Money?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Geoffrey H.

    2005-01-01

    The demand for professional development for integrating technology is growing. According to the MDR report The Impact of No Child Left Behind, when leaders were asked about the areas in which they feel their teachers need the most training over the next year or two, technology integration came in fourth behind "assessment," "dealing with diverse…

  15. Dollars, Distance, and Online Education: The New Economics of College Teaching and Learning. American Council on Education/Oryx Press Series on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finkelstein, Martin J., Ed.; Frances, Carol, Ed.; Jewett, Frank I., Ed.; Scholz, Bernhard W., Ed.

    This book analyzes and assesses the costs of information technology for teaching and learning in higher education. Containing 15 essays that identify the positive and negative cost implications of information technology, the book also explores how the increased use of information technology is transforming higher education, the different ways it…

  16. The One-Dollar Solution: Using the Poems of Edgar Lee Masters To Stimulate Thinking and Writing in Developmental Writing Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasserman, Miryam

    2000-01-01

    Describes how the author uses the poems of Edgar Lee Masters'"Spoon River Anthology" in her developmental writing classes to foster literary discussion, build vocabulary, and teach a broad range of essay writing skills. (SR)

  17. Metrics, Dollars, and Systems Change: Learning from Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative to Design Effective Postsecondary Performance Funding Policies. A State Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Davis; Shulock, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    The Student Achievement Initiative (SAI), adopted by the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges in 2007, is one of a growing number of performance funding programs that have been dubbed "performance funding 2.0." Unlike previous performance funding models, the SAI rewards colleges for students' intermediate achievements along…

  18. We're Only in It for the Money or a Fistful of Dollars: A Teacher's Manual for "The Stinky Cheese Man" (with 25 Real Footnotes).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Patricia; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Reacts to recent curriculum changes in Texas and California by offering a facetious teaching plan for reading whereby all the teacher's work is to be done for them in the form of workbooks and worksheets on skills. Suggests that children can read the same book for all six years of elementary school. (TB)

  19. The infection connection. Only a few months remain until voluntary participation in CDC's reporting network begins, and Medicare dollars are on the line.

    PubMed

    McKinney, Maureen

    2010-08-01

    Participation in the CDC's National Healthcare Safety Network is voluntary, but hospitals must be onboard by January 2011 for central line-associated bloodstrea infections, or they risk Medicare payment penalties. A similar requirement is in place for surgical-site infections starting in 2012. "We're very pleased with the announcement", regarding the two measures, said Russell Olmsted, president-elect of APIC.

  20. Fiscal Analysis of a $500 Federal Education Tax Credit To Help Millions, Save Billions. Policy Analysis No. 398.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, Darcy Ann; Lips, Carrie; Lips, Dan

    This analysis discusses a proposed education tax credit that includes: a parental choice credit, where parents receive dollar-for-dollar reduction in income tax liability up to $500 per child for tuition costs, and a scholarship credit, which raises funds for low-income children by allowing dollar-for-dollar reduction in income taxes up to $500…

  1. Follow the money: how the billions of dollars that flow from smokers in poor nations to companies in rich nations greatly exceed funding for global tobacco control and what might be done about it.

    PubMed

    Callard, Cynthia

    2010-08-01

    The business of selling cigarettes is increasingly concentrated in the hands of five tobacco companies that collectively control almost 90% of the world's cigarette market, four of which are publicly traded corporations. The economic activities of these cigarette manufacturers can be monitored through their reports to shareholders and other public documents. Reports for 2008 show that the revenues of these five companies exceeded $300 billion, of which more than $160 billion was provided to governments as taxes, and that corporate earnings of the four publicly traded companies were over $25 billion, of which $14 billion was retained after corporate income taxes were paid. By contrast, funding for domestic and international tobacco control is not reliably reported. Estimated funding for global tobacco control in 2008, at $240 million, is significantly lower than resources provided to address other highmortality global health challenges. Tobacco control has not yet benefited from the innovative finance mechanisms that are in place for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control (FCTC) process could be used to redirect some of the earnings from transnational tobacco sales to fund FCTC implementation or other global health efforts. PMID:20610436

  2. Bogus Degrees and Unmet Expectations: Are Taxpayer Dollars Subsidizing Diploma Mills? Hearings before the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress, Second Session (May 11 and 12, 2004) S. Hrg. 108-553

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Senate, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of these hearings was to explore the problems that unaccredited, substandard colleges and universities, often referred to as diploma mills, pose to the Federal Government and to private-sector employers. The schools examined during these hearings practice a sophisticated form of deception and they charge students accordingly. All of…

  3. Every Last Penny: Are You Using All of Your E-Rate Dollars? A Well-Equipped District Offers Tips on How to Make the Most of Your Award

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Sheila

    2006-01-01

    In a time when districts are scraping for every penny, it seems almost unthinkable that they would let E-Rate funds get away. But the truth is, a lot of money is being left behind. In fact, districts' use of awarded E-rate funds declined from 80 percent in 2000 to 55 percent in 2004, according to E-Rate consulting firm Funds for Learning. Wise…

  4. Partners in Name Only? With the Department of Homeland Security Awarding Multimillion-Dollar Grants, Minority-Serving Institutions Are Positioning Themselves to Lead, Rather than Just Support Majority Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lum, Lydia

    2005-01-01

    When Jackson State University officials and their collaborators assembled a proposal for a $12 million social and behavioral research center to combat terrorism, they hoped Federal officials would give a nod of approval to what they believed was a high-value concept. The proposal, Featuring the predominantly White Mississippi State University as…

  5. Zipf's Law Revealed at Predominantly Undergraduate Institutions: Million Dollar and Thirty-Publication Faculty. Academic Excellence: A Study of the Role of Research in the Natural Sciences at Undergraduate Institutions. Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Michael P.

    Using grant and publication data from nearly 3,000 faculty members in the natural sciences at 133 predominantly undergraduate universities, this study investigated the characteristics of faculty who received $1,000,000 or more in external grant support during the 1990s. This selection required the faculty member to receive $100,000 annually…

  6. [The remittances in U.S. dollars that Mexican migrants send home from the United States (a study based on data from the Survey of Migration in the Northern Frontier Region of Mexico)].

    PubMed

    Corona Vasquez, R

    1998-01-01

    The difficulties in obtaining reliable data on remittances to Mexico by Mexican immigrants in the United States are first outlined. An analysis of such remittances is then attempted using data from a recent survey, the Encuesta sobre Migracion en la Frontera Norte. Data from this survey are used to analyze several aspects of remittances "such as the direct determination of the amount of the remittances and the identification of the immigrants that send them according to their social and demographic features, and the location of Mexican zones where the remittances arrive, [and] the variations in the amount and frequency of the remittances among the different groups of immigrants." (EXCERPT)

  7. Follow the money: How the billions of dollars that flow from smokers in poor nations to companies in rich nations greatly exceed funding for global tobacco control and what might be done about it

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    The business of selling cigarettes is increasingly concentrated in the hands of five tobacco companies that collectively control almost 90% of the world's cigarette market, four of which are publicly traded corporations. The economic activities of these cigarette manufacturers can be monitored through their reports to shareholders and other public documents. Reports for 2008 show that the revenues of these five companies exceeded $300 billion, of which more than $160 billion was provided to governments as taxes, and that corporate earnings of the four publicly traded companies were over $25 billion, of which $14 billion was retained after corporate income taxes were paid. By contrast, funding for domestic and international tobacco control is not reliably reported. Estimated funding for global tobacco control in 2008, at $240 million, is significantly lower than resources provided to address other high-mortality global health challenges. Tobacco control has not yet benefited from the innovative finance mechanisms that are in place for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control (FCTC) process could be used to redirect some of the earnings from transnational tobacco sales to fund FCTC implementation or other global health efforts. PMID:20610436

  8. Making Dollars Follow Sense: Financing Early Childhood Mental Health Services To Promote Healthy Social and Emotional Development in Young Children. Promoting the Emotional Well-Being of Children and Families Policy Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Kay; Knitzer, Jane; Kaufmann, Roxane

    Drawing on lessons from six case studies, this policy paper highlights the most innovative approaches states and communities are currently using to finance preventive and early intervention services as well as more traditional treatment services for young children's mental health. The case studies are based on interviews with policy and program…

  9. The Marketability of Integrated Energy/Utility Systems: A Guide to the Dollar Savings Potential in Integrated Energy/Utility Systems; for Campuses, Medical Complexes, and Communities; Architect/Engineers, Industrial and Power Plant Owners; Suppliers; and Constructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coxe, Edwin F.; Hill, David E.

    This publication acquaints the prospective marketplace with the potential and underlying logic of the Integrated Utility System (IUS) concept. This system holds promise for educational and medical institutions seeking to reduce their energy costs. The generic IUS concept is described and how it can be incorporated into existing heating and…

  10. Follow the money: how the billions of dollars that flow from smokers in poor nations to companies in rich nations greatly exceed funding for global tobacco control and what might be done about it.

    PubMed

    Callard, Cynthia

    2010-08-01

    The business of selling cigarettes is increasingly concentrated in the hands of five tobacco companies that collectively control almost 90% of the world's cigarette market, four of which are publicly traded corporations. The economic activities of these cigarette manufacturers can be monitored through their reports to shareholders and other public documents. Reports for 2008 show that the revenues of these five companies exceeded $300 billion, of which more than $160 billion was provided to governments as taxes, and that corporate earnings of the four publicly traded companies were over $25 billion, of which $14 billion was retained after corporate income taxes were paid. By contrast, funding for domestic and international tobacco control is not reliably reported. Estimated funding for global tobacco control in 2008, at $240 million, is significantly lower than resources provided to address other highmortality global health challenges. Tobacco control has not yet benefited from the innovative finance mechanisms that are in place for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control (FCTC) process could be used to redirect some of the earnings from transnational tobacco sales to fund FCTC implementation or other global health efforts.

  11. 78 FR 10265 - Pricing for the 2013 Commemorative Coin Programs-Silver and Clad Coin Options

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-13

    ... announcing prices for the 2013 Girl Scouts of the USA Centennial Silver Dollar and the 2013 5-Star Generals... Centennial 50.95 55.95 Uncirculated Silver Dollar 2013 5-Star Generals Proof Silver Dollar 54.95 59.95 2013 5-Star Generals Uncirculated Silver 50.95 55.95 Dollar 2013 5-Star Generals Proof Half Dollar.. 17.95...

  12. Costs and benefits to industry of online literature searches

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jensen, R. J.; Asbury, H. O.; King, R. G.

    1980-01-01

    A description is given of a client survey conducted by the NASA Industrial Application Center, U.S.C., examining user-identified dollar costs and benefits of an online computerized literature search. Telephone interviews were conducted on a random sample of clients using a Denver Research Institute questionnaire. Of the total 159 clients surveyed, over 53% identified dollar benefits. A direct relationship between client dollars invested and benefits derived from the search was shown. The ratio of dollar benefit to investment dollar averaged 2.9 to 1. Precise data on the end user's evaluation of the dollar value of an information search are presented.

  13. Health System Measurement Project

    MedlinePlus

    ... string(86) "Dollars Invested in Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing Research and Development" ["field_data_field_order_field_ ... string(86) "Dollars Invested in Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing Research and Development" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string( ...

  14. 26 CFR 1.989(c)-1 - Transition rules for certain branches of United States persons using a net worth method of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... before January 1, 1987, whose $E pool (as defined in paragraph (d)(3)(i) of this section) is negative...). (ii) Dollar basis of the post-86 profits pool. To calculate the dollar basis of the post-86...

  15. 25 CFR 141.10 - License fees for reservation businesses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... July 1, the licensee shall pay fifty dollars ($50). (2) If the license is issued on or after July 1... are less than one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) for the year or the licensee has not yet been required to file its first annual report, the license fee is fifty dollars ($50). (2) If the...

  16. 48 CFR 1519.202-5 - Data collection and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., and information on actions and dollars made under small business set-asides shall be submitted by the... awards to small businesses made by set-aside; (5) Total actions and dollar value of small business awards made by set-asides, excluding set-asides for construction; (6) Total actions and dollar value of...

  17. 78 FR 62787 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ... account for negative zero rates that Singapore dollar Swap Offer Rate (SOR) has experienced, CME will... margin model in relation to Singapore Dollar (``SGD'') IRS. The current CME IRS margin model utilizes historical inputs. In August 2011, the Singapore Dollar Swap Offer Rate (``SOR'') turned negative due...

  18. 75 FR 9008 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-26

    ... the Maker Rebate for Transactions in Securities Priced Less Than $1 to 0.25% of the Dollar Value of... transactions in securities priced less than $1 to 0.25% of the dollar value of the transaction. The text of the... than $1 to 0.25% of the dollar value of the transaction. This increase would serve to attract...

  19. 75 FR 4451 - Notification of United States Mint 2010 Commemorative Coin Pricing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-27

    ... announcing the prices of the 2010 American Veterans Disabled for Life Silver Dollar and the 2010 Boy Scouts of America Centennial Silver Dollar Programs. Public Laws 110-227 and 110-363 require the United... Silver Dollar Commemorative Coins, respectively. ] These coins will be offered in both proof...

  20. 26 CFR 1.905-5T - Foreign tax redeterminations and currency translation rules for foreign tax redeterminations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... (or under section 902 in a deemed distribution under section 1248) shall be translated into dollars at... translated into dollars at the rate of exchange for the date of the refund. (2) Foreign taxes deemed paid on... actual distribution and refunds of such taxes shall be translated into dollars at the rate of...

  1. 26 CFR 1.905-5T - Foreign tax redeterminations and currency translation rules for foreign tax redeterminations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (or under section 902 in a deemed distribution under section 1248) shall be translated into dollars at... translated into dollars at the rate of exchange for the date of the refund. (2) Foreign taxes deemed paid on... actual distribution and refunds of such taxes shall be translated into dollars at the rate of...

  2. 26 CFR 1.905-5T - Foreign tax redeterminations and currency translation rules for foreign tax redeterminations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (or under section 902 in a deemed distribution under section 1248) shall be translated into dollars at... translated into dollars at the rate of exchange for the date of the refund. (2) Foreign taxes deemed paid on... actual distribution and refunds of such taxes shall be translated into dollars at the rate of...

  3. 26 CFR 1.905-5T - Foreign tax redeterminations and currency translation rules for foreign tax redeterminations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... (or under section 902 in a deemed distribution under section 1248) shall be translated into dollars at... translated into dollars at the rate of exchange for the date of the refund. (2) Foreign taxes deemed paid on... actual distribution and refunds of such taxes shall be translated into dollars at the rate of...

  4. 26 CFR 1.905-5T - Foreign tax redeterminations and currency translation rules for foreign tax redeterminations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... (or under section 902 in a deemed distribution under section 1248) shall be translated into dollars at... translated into dollars at the rate of exchange for the date of the refund. (2) Foreign taxes deemed paid on... actual distribution and refunds of such taxes shall be translated into dollars at the rate of...

  5. 76 FR 33025 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Regulation Project

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-07

    ...(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning split-dollar life insurance... Internet at Evelyn.J.Mack@irs.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Split-Dollar Life Insurance... regulations relate to the income, employment, and gift taxation of split-dollar life insurance...

  6. International trade and air pollution: estimating the economic costs of air emissions from waterborne commerce vessels in the United States.

    PubMed

    Gallagher, Kevin P

    2005-10-01

    Although there is a burgeoning literature on the effects of international trade on the environment, relatively little work has been done on where trade most directly effects the environment: the transportation sector. This article shows how international trade is affecting air pollution emissions in the United States' shipping sector. Recent work has shown that cargo ships have been long overlooked regarding their contribution to air pollution. Indeed, ship emissions have recently been deemed "the last unregulated source of traditional air pollutants". Air pollution from ships has a number of significant local, national, and global environmental effects. Building on past studies, we examine the economic costs of this increasing and unregulated form of environmental damage. We find that total emissions from ships are largely increasing due to the increase in foreign commerce (or international trade). The economic costs of SO2 pollution range from dollars 697 million to dollars 3.9 billion during the period examined, or dollars 77 to dollars 435 million on an annual basis. The bulk of the cost is from foreign commerce, where the annual costs average to dollars 42 to dollars 241 million. For NOx emissions the costs are dollars 3.7 billion over the entire period or dollars 412 million per year. Because foreign trade is driving the growth in US shipping, we also estimate the effect of the Uruguay Round on emissions. Separating out the effects of global trade agreements reveals that the trade agreement-led emissions amounted to dollars 96 to dollars 542 million for SO2 between 1993 and 2001, or dollars 10 to dollars 60 million per year. For NOx they were dollars 745 million for the whole period or dollars 82 million per year. Without adequate policy responses, we predict that these trends and costs will continue into the future.

  7. Spending Smart: How To Budget and Finance. Making Sense of Your Budget Dollars; Success with Budget Proposals; Encumbering Grants: Managing the Money; Write a Grant? Me?; Using Microsoft[R] Excel To Plan and Budget in Your School Library; Charging Ahead; The No-Money Lottery; Coffee, Anyone?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernstein, Allison; Baule, Steve; Farmer, Lesley S. J.; Anderson, Cyndee; Barringer, Crystal; Buchanan, Peggy; Fullner, Sheryl Kindle; Knop, Kathi; Larson, Chris

    2002-01-01

    Includes eight articles that address issues related to budgeting and finances in secondary school libraries. Topics include limited budgets; budget proposals; administering grants; writing grants; using Microsoft's Excel software for budgeting; using credit cards for library purchases; offering prizes for donating books; and offering coffee and…

  8. Why Has This Comprehensive Evaluation System Been So Successful for So Long (Eight Years)? Here Is a Retrospective Attempt to Explain the Uncommon, Long Run Success of the Evaluation System for the One-to-Two-Million-Dollars-a-Year Handicap Program in the Nine Colleges of the Los Angeles Community College District (as Begun in Fiscal Year 1977-78).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kester, Donald L.; Richart, Victoria

    Reasons for the long-range success of the Los Angeles Community College District's evaluation system for its handicap program are explored in this report, using a force field analysis of facilitating and restraining factors. First, introductory material cites previous reports exploring various aspects of the evaluation system. Next, the following…

  9. The influence of child abuse on the pattern of expenditures in women's adult health service utilization in Ontario, Canada.

    PubMed

    Tang, Betty; Jamieson, Ellen; Boyle, Michael; Libby, Anne; Gafni, Amiram; MacMillan, Harriet

    2006-10-01

    Childhood maltreatment is a common and serious problem for women, particularly in relation to impairment in adulthood. To our knowledge, no system-wide study has addressed the influence of childhood maltreatment on the cost of these women's adult health service utilization. This paper examines this relationship. The 1990 Ontario Health Survey (OHS) gathered information regarding determinants of physical health status and the use of health services. The 1991 Ontario Mental Health Supplement (OHSUP) examined a variety of childhood experiences as well as the prevalence of psychiatric disorders from a sample of OHS respondents. These were province-wide population health surveys of a probability-based sample of persons aged 15 years and older living in household dwellings in Ontario. The OHSUP randomly selected one member from each participating OHS household to be interviewed regarding personal experiences and mental health. This analysis used data from women aged 15-64 who participated in both the OHS and OHSUP. Self-reported health service utilization was collected in four groups of women--those who reported no history of child abuse, those with a history of physical abuse only, those who reported sexual abuse only, and those who reported both physical and sexual (combined) abuse. We hypothesized that a history of child abuse would result in greater adult health care costs. The results indicated that having a history of combined abuse nearly doubles mean annual ambulatory self-reported health care costs to 775 dollars (95% CI 504 dollars-1045 dollars) compared to a mean cost of 400 dollars with no abuse (95% CI 357 dollars-443 dollars). Median annual ambulatory self-reported health care costs were also increased in the combined abuse group, to 314 dollars (95% CI 220 dollars-429 dollars), compared to 138 dollars (95% CI 132 dollars-169 dollars) in those with no abuse. We conclude that child abuse in women is significantly associated with increased adult self

  10. 40 CFR 71.22 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... permit modification or administrative permit amendment. Permitting authority means either of the... expenditures exceeding $25 million (in second quarter 1980 dollars); or (ii) The delegation of authority...

  11. 48 CFR 801.690-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... complexity and dollar value of the assigned work, the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, reputation, and knowledge of acquisition policies, rules and...

  12. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  13. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  14. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  15. 48 CFR 801.690-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... complexity and dollar value of the assigned work, the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, reputation, and knowledge of acquisition policies, rules and...

  16. 48 CFR 801.690-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... complexity and dollar value of the assigned work, the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, reputation, and knowledge of acquisition policies, rules and...

  17. 48 CFR 801.690-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... complexity and dollar value of the assigned work, the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, reputation, and knowledge of acquisition policies, rules and...

  18. 48 CFR 1.603-2 - Selection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... dollar value of the acquisitions to be assigned and the candidate's experience, training, education, business acumen, judgment, character, and reputation. Examples of selection criteria include—...

  19. 26 CFR 1.6041-4 - Foreign-related items and other exceptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... notional principal contracts between the parties (for example, an International Swap and Derivatives... dollars of amounts paid in foreign currency. For rules concerning foreign currency conversion, see §...

  20. New Advance in SuperConducting Materials

    SciTech Connect

    2009-03-02

    Superconducting materials will transform the world's electrical infrastructure, saving billions of dollars once the technical details and installation are in place. At Los Alamos National Laborator...  

  1. 16 CFR 1.98 - Adjustment of civil monetary penalty amounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Civil Penalty Adjustments Under the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation... monetary penalty amounts. This section makes inflation adjustments in the dollar amounts of civil...

  2. 16 CFR 1.98 - Adjustment of civil monetary penalty amounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Civil Penalty Adjustments Under the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation... monetary penalty amounts. This section makes inflation adjustments in the dollar amounts of civil...

  3. 16 CFR 1.98 - Adjustment of civil monetary penalty amounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Civil Penalty Adjustments Under the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation... monetary penalty amounts. This section makes inflation adjustments in the dollar amounts of civil...

  4. 16 CFR 1.98 - Adjustment of civil monetary penalty amounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Civil Penalty Adjustments Under the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation... monetary penalty amounts. This section makes inflation adjustments in the dollar amounts of civil...

  5. Factors affecting carcass value and profitability in early-weaned Simmental steers: I. Five-year average pricing.

    PubMed

    Pyatt, N A; Berger, L L; Faulkner, D B; Walker, P M; Rodriguez-Zas, S L

    2005-12-01

    In a 4-yr study, early-weaned Simmental steers (n = 192) of known genetics were individually fed to determine genetic, performance, and carcass factors explaining variation in carcass value and profitability. Steers were weaned at 88.0 +/- 1.1 d of age and pen-fed a high-concentrate diet (108.99 dollars/t) for 84.5 +/- 0.4 d before allotment. Calves were implanted with Synovex C at weaning and successively with Synovex S (Fort Dodge Animal Health, Fort Dodge, IA) and Revalor S (Intervet, Inc., Millsboro, DE). Steers consumed a 90% concentrate diet (98.93 dollars/t), consisting primarily of coarse cracked corn and corn silage, for 249.7 +/- 0.7 d and slaughtered at 423.3 +/- 1.4 d of age. Five-year price data were collected for feedstuffs, dressed beef, and grid premiums, and discounts. Average dressed beef price was 110.67 dollars/45.4 kg. Premiums (dollars/45.4 kg) were given for Prime (5.62 dollars), Average Choice (1.50 dollars), and yield grades (YG) 1 (2.46 dollars), 2A (1.31 dollars), and 2B (1.11 dollars). Discounts (dollars/45.4 kg) were given for Standard (-16.85 dollars), Select (-8.90 dollars), and YG 3A (-0.12 dollars), 3B (-0.19 dollars), 4 (-14.16 dollars), and 5 (-19.56 dollars). Discounts were given for HCW extremes as well (409 to 431 kg, -0.64 dollars; 432 to 454 kg -11.39 dollars; > 454 kg, -19.71 dollars). Input costs included annual cow costs (327.77 dollars), veterinary/medical and labor (35 dollars per animal), feed markup (22 dollars/t), yardage (0.25 dollars/d per animal), and interest (10%). Dependent variables were carcass value and profit per steer. Independent variables were year, weaning weight EPD, yearling weight EPD, marbling EPD, DMI, ADG, G:F, HCW, calculated YG, and marbling score (MS). Carcass value was correlated (P < 0.05) with yearling weight and marbling EPD, DMI, ADG, feed efficiency, HCW, and MS. Carcass weight, MS, and YG accounted for nearly 80% of the variation in carcass value among steers, explaining 51, 10, and 8

  6. The Inequities of Salary Reduction as National Child Care Policy: Where Do We Go from Here.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soloway, Ronald

    The salary reduction plan for financing child care is of little benefit to taxpayers earning below 16,000 dollars because these working parents would receive equal or better value by using the child care tax credit. For income levels between 16,000 and 20,000 dollars, the salary reduction plan may have some marginal utility to working parents…

  7. A Cost Study of Resident Camps, 1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Armand, Ed.

    Directors of 87 resident camps affiliated with the American Camping Association responded to a random sample survey and provided data to compile this first collection of camp operating ration tables. Fifty-three tables show average percentage of total, median percentage of total, average in dollars, and median in dollars statistics in 14 income…

  8. 34 CFR 692.60 - What must a State do to receive an allotment under the SLEAP Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION LEVERAGING EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM Special Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership Program How Does A State Apply to... represent dollars that are in excess of the total dollars that a State spent for need-based...

  9. 22 CFR 23.4 - Representative value in exchange.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... currency equivalent to the prescribed United States dollar fee at the current rate of exchange at the time and place of payment of the fee. “Current rate” of exchange for this purpose means the bank selling rate at which the foreign bank will sell the number of United States dollars required to liquidate...

  10. 22 CFR 23.4 - Representative value in exchange.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... currency equivalent to the prescribed United States dollar fee at the current rate of exchange at the time and place of payment of the fee. “Current rate” of exchange for this purpose means the bank selling rate at which the foreign bank will sell the number of United States dollars required to liquidate...

  11. 75 FR 15757 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-30

    ... World Currency Options (``WCOs''). The text of the proposed rule change is available on the Exchange's... of Proposed Rule Change Relating to U.S. Dollar-Settled Foreign Currency Options March 23, 2010... Krone (``XDV'') to the U.S. Dollar-Settled Foreign Currency Options fees.\\3\\ While changes to the...

  12. 5 CFR 1605.2 - Calculating, posting, and charging breakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... will calculate breakage on late contributions, makeup agency contributions, and loan payments as... loan payment on the “as of” date is the breakage. (c) Posting contributions and loan payments. Makeup... dollar amount posted to the participant's account is greater than the dollar amount of the makeup or...

  13. 5 CFR 1605.2 - Calculating, posting, and charging breakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... will calculate breakage on late contributions, makeup agency contributions, and loan payments as... loan payment on the “as of” date is the breakage. (c) Posting contributions and loan payments. Makeup... dollar amount posted to the participant's account is greater than the dollar amount of the makeup or...

  14. 5 CFR 1605.2 - Calculating, posting, and charging breakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... will calculate breakage on late contributions, makeup agency contributions, and loan payments as... loan payment on the “as of” date is the breakage. (c) Posting contributions and loan payments. Makeup... dollar amount posted to the participant's account is greater than the dollar amount of the makeup or...

  15. 5 CFR 1605.2 - Calculating, posting, and charging breakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... will calculate breakage on late contributions, makeup agency contributions, and loan payments as... loan payment on the “as of” date is the breakage. (c) Posting contributions and loan payments. Makeup... dollar amount posted to the participant's account is greater than the dollar amount of the makeup or...

  16. Waiting for hip arthroplasty: economic costs and health outcomes.

    PubMed

    Fielden, Jann M; Cumming, J M; Horne, J G; Devane, P A; Slack, A; Gallagher, L M

    2005-12-01

    This prospective cohort study of 153 patients aimed to determine the economic and health costs of waiting for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Health-related quality of life, using self-completed WOMAC and EQ-5D questionnaires, was assessed monthly from enrolment preoperatively to 6 months postsurgery. Monthly cost diaries were used to record costs. The mean waiting time was 5.1 months and mean total cost of waiting for surgery was NZ 4305 dollars(US 2876 dollars) per person (pp) (NZ 1 dollar = US 0.668 dollar). Waiting more than 6 months was associated with a higher total mean cost (NZ 4278 dollars/US 2858 dollars pp) than waiting less than 6 months (NZ 2828 dollars/US 1889 dollars pp; P < .01). Improvements from preoperative to postoperative WOMAC and EQ-5D scores were identified (P < or = .01). Waiting longer led to poorer physical function preoperatively (P < or = .01). Those with poor initial health status showed greater improvement in WOMAC (P = .0001) and EQ-5D (P = .003) measures by 6 months after surgery. Longer waits for total hip arthroplasty incur greater economic costs and deterioration in physical function while waiting. PMID:16376253

  17. Knowledge Translation versus Knowledge Integration: A "Funder's" Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerner, Jon F.

    2006-01-01

    Each year, billions of US tax dollars are spent on basic discovery, intervention development, and efficacy research, while hundreds of billions of US tax dollars are also spent on health service delivery programs. However, little is spent on or known about how best to ensure that the lessons learned from science inform and improve the quality of…

  18. Tennessee's High School Dropouts: Examining the Fiscal Consequences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Andrea, Christian

    2010-01-01

    High school dropouts adversely impact the state of Tennessee each year--financially and socially. Dropouts' lower incomes, high unemployment rates, increased need for medical care, and higher propensity for incarceration create a virtual vortex that consumes Tennesseans' tax dollars at a vicious rate. Hundreds of millions of dollars are spent on…

  19. 12 CFR 615.5210 - Risk-adjusted assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Capital Adequacy § 615.5210 Risk-adjusted assets. (a... comprises “risk-adjusted assets,” the denominator for computation of the permanent capital ratio. (b... institution must deduct from capital and assets the face amount of the position (dollar-for-dollar...

  20. How (Not) to Raise Money

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goeree, Jacob K.; Maasland, Emiel; Onderstal, Sander; Turner, John L.

    2005-01-01

    We show that standard winner-pay auctions are inept fund-raising mechanisms because of the positive externality bidders forgo if they top another's high bid. Revenues are suppressed as a result and remain finite even when bidders value a dollar donated the same as a dollar kept. This problem does not occur in lotteries and all-pay auctions, where…

  1. Bauxite and alumina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bray, E.L.

    2010-01-01

    The article reports on the global market performance of bauxite and alumina in 2009 and presents an outlook for their 2010 performance. There were only several U.S. states that could produce bauxite and bauxitic clays including Georgia, Arkansas, and Alabama. The prices for imported refractory-grade calcined bauxite ranged between 426 U.S. dollars and 554 dollars per ton.

  2. A decision support system for technology R&D planning: connecting the dots from information to innovation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Jeffrey H.; Wertz, Julie; Weisbin, Charles

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes an information technology innovation developed to assist decision makers faced with complex R&D tasks. The decision support system (DSS) was developed and applied to the analysis of a 10-year, 700 million dollar technology program for the exploration of Mars. The technologies were to enable a 4.8 billion dollar portfolio of exploration flight missions to Mars.

  3. Evaluation and Private Philanthropy: View from a Corporation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roser, Hal

    The role of evaluation in the profit and loss sector of American economy differs from its role in the nonprofit sector. Since corporate industry and private foundations contribute approximately 4.5 billion dollars to help finance the ninety-billion dollar private nonprofit sector, sound planning and evaluation activities are essential to maintain…

  4. An assessment of the risk arising from electrical effects associated with carbon fibers released from commercial aircraft fires

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kalelkar, A. S.; Fiksel, J.; Rosenfield, D.; Richardson, D. L.; Hagopian, J.

    1980-01-01

    The risks associated with electrical effects arising from carbon fibers released from commercial aviation aircraft fires were estimated for 1993. The expected annual losses were estimated to be about $470 (1977 dollars) in 1993. The chances of total losses from electrical effects exceeding $100,000 (1977 dollars) in 1993 were established to be about one in ten thousand.

  5. Investigating Heuristic Evaluation: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldman, Kate Haley; Bendoly, Laura

    When museum professionals speak of evaluating a web site, they primarily mean formative evaluation, and by that they primarily mean testing the usability of the site. In the for-profit world, usability testing is a multi-million dollar industry, while non-profits often rely on far too few dollars to do too much. Hence, heuristic evaluation is one…

  6. Quantification of Sclerotinia homoeocarpa overwintering in planta and detection in commercial seed

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dollar spot is the most economically important disease of amenity turf grasses in the United States, yet little is known about the source of primary inoculum for this disease. With the exception of a few isolates from the United Kingdom, Sclerotinia homoeocarpa, the causal agent of dollar spot, does...

  7. St. Cloud State University's Impact on the Local Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lange, Mark D.

    The economic impact of St. Cloud State University, Minnesota, on the local economy was studied. Using models developed by the American Council on Education, estimates were made of the dollar outlays by the local economic sectors that are associated with or influenced by the university. The focus is the measurable impacts, in dollar terms, of the…

  8. Evaluating Gender Equity and Fairness: A Consumer's Guidebook to Leading Companies. Research-in-Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrett, Shannon; Zuckerman, Diana

    "The Feminist Dollar: The Wise Woman's Buying Guide", the book upon which this report is based, evaluates the gender fairness and equity policies of more than 400 companies, 50 states, and 35 countries to help consumers make informed decisions about which products to purchase and which states and countries to support with their travel dollars. The…

  9. 13 CFR 108.2030 - Matching requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Requirements and Procedures for Operational Assistance Grants to NMVC Companies and... to an NMVC Company or a SSBIC must be matched on a dollar for dollar basis with funds or other resources raised by the NMVC Company or SSBIC. (b) Allowable sources. (1) Any source other than SBA is...

  10. 7 CFR 457.150 - Dry bean crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Basic Provisions with (1) controlling (2), etc. 1. Definitions Actual value. The dollar value received... United States Standards for Beans will not be considered in establishing this price. Net price. The dollar value of dry bean production received, or that could have been received, after reductions in...

  11. Bond Sales for Public School Purposes 1974-75.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Richard H.

    This annual report presents data on bond elections and bond sales for financing the construction of public elementary and secondary school facilities. Data, summarized by state, are presented in tables and charts containing information on the number and dollar value of bond issues voted on and passed, and the number, dollar value, and net interest…

  12. Federal Direct Expenditures and School Funding Disparities, 1990-2000

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baird, Katherine E.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines recent trends in the allocation of education dollars across school districts, investigating in particular the impact of federal dollars on school funding disparities. Using both the coefficient of variation and the range ratio to evaluate spending disparities, this article estimates that over the 1990s, funding disparities…

  13. 48 CFR 301.603-1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... contracts and orders with dollar values that exceed (or are expected to exceed) the micro-purchase threshold... (other than solely purchase card authorities) at or below the micro-purchase threshold, the HCA may— (1... exercise acquisition authorities at dollar levels below the micro-purchase threshold level....

  14. 48 CFR 301.603-1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... contracts and orders with dollar values that exceed (or are expected to exceed) the micro-purchase threshold... (other than solely purchase card authorities) at or below the micro-purchase threshold, the HCA may— (1... exercise acquisition authorities at dollar levels below the micro-purchase threshold level....

  15. 78 FR 67207 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Related to the Reference Rate for Singapore Dollar Denominated Interest... to the reference rate for Singapore Dollar (``SGD'') denominated interest rate swaps (``IRS''). II... will be effective on filing. On September 30, 2013 the Association of Banks in Singapore changed...

  16. Micro-Level Allocation of ARRA Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayward, Jacob; Holt, Carleton

    2011-01-01

    The federal government, through the Department of Education, distributed millions of dollars to state education departments as part of the American Recovery and Restoration Act (ARRA). Many districts applied for and received thousands of dollars in order to make improvements to schools and impact student achievement. Several districts purchased…

  17. Knowledge Building in an Aboriginal Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAuley, Alexander

    2009-01-01

    The report on the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (1996), the Kelowna Accord announced in 2005 (five-billion dollars) followed by its demise in 2006, and the settlement in 2006 for Aboriginal survivors of residential schools (1.9 billion dollars), are but some of the recent high-profile indicators of the challenges to Canada in dealing with…

  18. U.S. Currency. A Perspective of Its Role Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.

    Designed for the general public and possibly suitable also for high school economics students, this pamphlet presents a brief overview of United States currency. Separate sections discuss the role of currency today, how the dollar has evolved, how the dollar got its name, laws concerning legal tender, types of currency in circulation, the meaning…

  19. Size Matters: A Look at School-District Consolidation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boser, Ulrich

    2013-01-01

    When it comes to education, not all spending is equal. Some education dollars are spent more productively than others. In a time of lagging revenues and flat achievement in many districts, policymakers have increasingly started to pay greater attention to the question of whether education systems are getting the most out of every education dollar.…

  20. Undergraduate Comprehensive State Scholarship/Grant Programs, 1973-74. National Association of State Scholarship Programs, Fifth Annual Survey October, 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd, Joseph D.

    This report surveys 1973-74 undergraduate comprehensive state scholarship programs in 28 states. Data concerns dollars and number of awards and related information by states; characteristics of 1973-74 comprehensive state financial aid programs; definitions of a self-supporting student; awards and dollars payout percentages by type of institution…