Science.gov

Sample records for dollars

  1. Dollar Points.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, MA.

    The purpose of this pamphlet is to teach the value of money, to understand the numbers and symbols on U.S. dollar bills, and to provide the history and facts behind U.S. currency. The following words, symbols, or numbers on dollar bills are identified: (1) legal tender; (2) Federal Reserve Note; (3) Federal Reserve Bank's seal and code letter; (4)…

  2. Dollar Points.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, MA.

    The purpose of this pamphlet is to teach the value of money, to understand the numbers and symbols on U.S. dollar bills, and to provide the history and facts behind U.S. currency. The following words, symbols, or numbers on dollar bills are identified: (1) legal tender; (2) Federal Reserve Note; (3) Federal Reserve Bank's seal and code letter; (4)…

  3. Dollar squeeze

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlowicz, Michael

    According to Science & Engineering Indicators 1996, concerns about funding for research are well founded. Data gathered by the National Science Board indicate that total spending on research in the United States has been in steady decline during the 1990s.Industry has held the research and development line item steady at about $97 billion since 1987, but the value has dropped about 1.5$ per year in real dollars (adjusted for inflation). In that same period, the government contribution to R&D has dropped 20% from its peak in 1987. Overall R&D has dropped from 2.8% of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 1991 to 2.4% in 1995, and spending on nondefense research has dropped below 2% of the GDP. Japan now invests 2.7% in nondefense R&D Germany, 2.4%.

  4. Stretching Your Technology Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Doug

    2012-01-01

    A school district technology director offers 10 strategies to help schools make the most of their technology dollar. These include using effective budgeting techniques, taking advantage of the buying power of groups, practicing sustainable technology, purchasing the right tool for the right job, taking advantage of free software, using cloud…

  5. Fundred Dollar Bill Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Mary

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the Fundred Dollar Bill Project which is an innovative artwork made of millions of drawings. This creative collective action is intended to support Operation Paydirt, an extraordinary art/science project uniting three million children with educators, scientists, healthcare professionals, designers, urban planners, engineers,…

  6. Stretching Your Technology Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Doug

    2012-01-01

    A school district technology director offers 10 strategies to help schools make the most of their technology dollar. These include using effective budgeting techniques, taking advantage of the buying power of groups, practicing sustainable technology, purchasing the right tool for the right job, taking advantage of free software, using cloud…

  7. Fundred Dollar Bill Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Mary

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the Fundred Dollar Bill Project which is an innovative artwork made of millions of drawings. This creative collective action is intended to support Operation Paydirt, an extraordinary art/science project uniting three million children with educators, scientists, healthcare professionals, designers, urban planners, engineers,…

  8. Sand dollar sites orogenesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amos, Dee

    2013-04-01

    The determinology of the humble sand dollars habitat changing from inception to the drastic evolution of the zone to that of present day. Into the cauldron along the southern Californian 'ring of fire' lithosphere are evidence of geosynclinals areas, metasedimentary rock formations and hydrothermal activity. The explanation begins with 'Theia' and the Moon's formation, battles with cometary impacts, glacial ages, epochs with evolutionary bottlenecks and plate tectonics. Fully illustrated the lecture includes localised diagrams and figures with actual subject photographic examples of plutonic, granitic, jade and peridodite. Finally, the origins of the materials used in the lecture are revealed for prosecution by future students and the enjoyment of interested parties in general.

  9. Demonstration Telescopes Using "Dollar Optics"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ross, Paul

    2008-05-01

    I propose a poster that illustrates the use of "dollar optics” for experimentation and for the creation of demonstration telescopes. Handling a variety of lenses and mirrors provides an opportunity for discovering practical optics. Some part of this path of exploration must have been traveled by Galileo as he experimented with spectacle lenses. "Dollar optics” include reading glasses (positive meniscus lenses), convex and concave mirrors, Fresnel sheets, magnifying lenses, and eye loupes. Unwanted distance spectacles (negative meniscus lenses) are available at second-hand stores. Galileo telescopes, "long” 17th century telescopes, and useful demonstration models of Newtonian reflectors can be made with "dollar” optics. The poster will illustrate practical information about "dollar optics” and telescopes: magnification, focal length, and "diopters” disassembling spectacles; creating cheap mounts for spectacle lenses; the importance of optical axes and alignment; eyepieces; and focusing. (A table would be useful with the poster to set out a hands-on display of "dollar optic” telescopes.) Educators, experimenters, and those concerned with astronomy outreach might be interested in this poster. Working with "dollar optics” requires facility with simple tools, interest in planning projects, patience, imagination, and the willingness to invest some time and effort. "Dollar optics” may help to foster creativity and hands-on enthusiasm - as did Galileo's work with simple lenses 400 years ago. "Oh! When will there be an end put to the new observations and discoveries of this admirable instrument?” - Galileo Galilei as quoted by Henry C. King, The History of the Telescope.

  10. Your Automobile Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet is designed to help first-time car buyers determine if they can or should buy a car and how to get the most from their car-buying dollar. Leasing and renting options also are discussed. The booklet outlines the process of buying a new car, starting with a review of sizes, types, and features. This is followed by a rundown on showroom…

  11. Tonsillectomies: in dollars and cents.

    PubMed

    Shah, C P; Carr, L M

    1974-02-02

    Over the last quarter of a century, much controversy has been generated on the indications for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. The economic aspects of this operation have received comparatively little attention. The rate per 10,000 children 0 to 19 years of age for the whole province of Ontario for the year 1971 was 174 and ranged from a high of 307 in one county to a low of 59 in another. The total cost of these operations to the health insurance plan was 11.4 million dollars. National studies on the indications for these operations, their benefits and hazards are urgently required.

  12. Your Food Dollar. Money Management. [Revised].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This student/teacher resource booklet provides information on conserving food dollars while providing nutritious meals. The guide shows how to set up a food budget and explains how scanning the weekly food ads, planning meals around the specials, and compiling a list accordingly can also help consumers get more for their food dollars. Numerous…

  13. Your Food Dollar. Money Management. [Revised].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This student/teacher resource booklet provides information on conserving food dollars while providing nutritious meals. The guide shows how to set up a food budget and explains how scanning the weekly food ads, planning meals around the specials, and compiling a list accordingly can also help consumers get more for their food dollars. Numerous…

  14. Do You Automate? Saving Time and Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carmichael, Christine H.

    2010-01-01

    An automated workforce management strategy can help schools save jobs, improve the job satisfaction of teachers and staff, and free up precious budget dollars for investments in critical learning resources. Automated workforce management systems can help schools control labor costs, minimize compliance risk, and improve employee satisfaction.…

  15. Your Automobile Dollar, [Revised.] Money Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Law, Jean L., Ed.

    This booklet on automobile purchasing and maintenance, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook discusses buying, maintaining, and operating cars. Section 1 discusses managing automobile dollars. Topics include…

  16. Value-Based Medicine: Dollars and Sense.

    PubMed

    Erstad, Brian L

    2016-02-01

    With ever-increasing total healthcare expenditures and expenditures on new pharmaceuticals, there is a temptation to enact relatively simple silo-based, cost-control measures such as attempts to control a burgeoning health-system medication budget by limiting physician and ultimately patient access to medications without considering cost-effectiveness or overall value. Such an approach with a singular focus on dollars does not make sense. The challenge is to think beyond a pure dollars approach in a specialty of health care where the high cost of care is acknowledged but the dynamics are not always understood. This will take a thoughtful, coordinated effort by a team of dedicated health professionals that includes a clinical pharmacist with expertise in optimal and comprehensive medication management.

  17. "Duck stamp" dollars reserve native prairie tracts

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Higgins, K.F.

    1981-01-01

    Ducks and wetlands are inseparable in the prairies. Hunters know this, bird watchers know this, wildlife managers know this, and most importantly people who manage the croplands and rangelands know this. The 1,746 tracts of native prairie within these upland-wetland complexes known as Waterfowl Production Areas are not the only lands purchased with "duck stamp" dollars. Considerable acreages have also been purchased in central and southern parts of the United States to provide staging, resting, and wintering areas for waterfowl. Since 1934, when "duck stamps" were first sold, nearly 2.5 million acres of waterfowl habitats have been acquired or taken under easement within the United States with revenue from these sales. By purchasing "duck stamps", more than 2.2 million people provide over $16.5 million in annual revenue. It is certainly gratifying to know that some of the remaining native prairie remnants in the Northern Great Plains are being reserved for the future with "duck stamp" dollars.

  18. Strong Dollar, Weak Dollar: Foreign Exchange Rates and the U.S. Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schilling, Tim

    Many generalizations sound simple enough--for example, "strong is good, weak is bad"--but they can be confusing when talking about money. This booklet explores how the U.S. dollar and foreign currencies affect each other and how their interaction affects the individual and the economy. The booklet contains the following sections:…

  19. Food environment and childhood obesity: the effect of dollar stores.

    PubMed

    Drichoutis, Andreas C; Nayga, Rodolfo M; Rouse, Heather L; Thomsen, Michael R

    2015-12-01

    In this paper we examine the effect of dollar stores on children's Body Mass Index (BMI). We use a dataset compiled by the Arkansas Center for Health Improvement that reflects a BMI screening program for public school children in the state of Arkansas. We combine propensity score matching with difference-in-differences methods to deal with time-invariant as well time-varying unobserved factors. We find no evidence that the presence of dollar stores within a reasonably close proximity of the child's residence increases BMI. In fact, we see an increase in BMI when dollar stores leave a child's neighborhood. Given the proliferation of dollar stores in rural and low-income urban areas, the question of whether dollar stores are contributing to high rates of childhood obesity is policy relevant. However, our results provide some evidence that exposure to dollar stores is not a causal factor.

  20. 26. 100 Second Avenue, North, detail of 'Silver Dollars' on ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. 100 Second Avenue, North, detail of 'Silver Dollars' on southeast side - Second Avenue North, Commercial District, Second Avenue North between Broadway & Church Streets, Nashville, Davidson County, TN

  1. 31 CFR 103.51 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency. 103.51 Section 103.51 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.51 Dollars as...

  2. 13 CFR 125.7 - Acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Acquisition-related dollar thresholds. 125.7 Section 125.7 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING PROGRAMS § 125.7 Acquisition-related dollar thresholds. The Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council...

  3. "John Dollar": Marianne Wiggins' Anti-Utopian Novel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dohrmann, Gail V.

    1991-01-01

    Advocates inclusion of Marianne Wiggins' novel "John Dollar" in high school reading lists and literature classes. Notes that the novel is an allegory rich in poetic suggestion, metaphorical language, and symbolic meaning. (RS)

  4. Randomized trial of 5 dollars versus 10 dollars monetary incentives, envelope size, and candy to increase physician response rates to mailed questionnaires.

    PubMed

    Halpern, Scott D; Ubel, Peter A; Berlin, Jesse A; Asch, David A

    2002-09-01

    The validity of the results of mailed surveys is often threatened by nonresponse bias, which is made more likely when response rates are low. However, the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of several strategies to increase response rates are uncertain. To assess three strategies to increase response rates to mailed physician surveys: including a 10 dollars versus a 5 dollars cash incentive in the initial mailing, including a mint candy or not, and using a large versus small outgoing envelope. Using a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial design, a randomized trial of these strategies was conducted in a survey of 1200 physicians randomly selected from the American Medical Association's Master File. Including a 10 dollars incentive yielded a significantly higher response rate (60.5% vs. 52.8%) (P = 0.009). The mailing and incentive costs per completed response were 12.24 dollars (95% CI, 11.75 dollars, 13.64 dollars) in the 5 dollars group and 18.48 dollars (95% CI, 17.77 dollars, 20.69 dollars) in the 10 dollars group. Each additional response obtained in the 10 dollars group came at an incremental cost of 61.26 dollars (95% CI, 36.98 dollars, 200.80 dollars). Neither inclusion of a mint nor use of a large envelope influenced the response rate. Investigators may increase response rates by including more money in the initial questionnaire packet, but there may be diminishing returns to serial increments in incentives greater than 5 dollars. Including smaller incentives in more questionnaires may maximize total responses.

  5. Smart Energy Choices Free Up Dollars for Capital Improvements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchey, David

    2003-01-01

    Describes several ways to design or renovate school building to save thousand of dollars of energy costs. Considers site design, energy-efficient building envelope, renewable energy systems, lighting and electrical systems, mechanical and ventilation systems, water conservation, and transportation. Describes how to obtain information about the…

  6. Dollars Works 2: The Evolution of a Financial Literacy Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Cindy M.; Heins, Rosemary K.; Katras, Mary Jo

    2013-01-01

    Dollar Works 2 is a comprehensive personal financial education program to help individuals and families strengthen their skills, better manage their personal finances, and make sound decisions about money. This article chronicles the evolution of a curriculum to enhance and modify materials to improve learning and meet the needs of multiple…

  7. The Dollar Game Curriculum: Inspiring Wealth Creation in Rural Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braak, Willem J.; Lewin, Paul A.

    2015-01-01

    Rural wealth creation and local entrepreneurship are emerging economic development approaches that bring back a sense of self-determination to rural communities. However, their potential is often greatly diminished by preconceived and opposing notions within the community on what drives economic growth. The Dollar Game is an innovative curriculum…

  8. Pennies on the Dollar: How Illinois Shortchanges Its Teachers' Retirement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kan, Leslie; Fuchs, Daniel; Aldeman, Chad

    2016-01-01

    Illinois' pension plans have sent the state on a downward spiral. One out of every four dollars that state taxpayers send to Springfield goes toward pensions, and the vast majority of these contributions go toward paying down large pension debt, not the actual retirement benefits given to state and local workers like teachers. The teacher pension…

  9. The Dollar Game Curriculum: Inspiring Wealth Creation in Rural Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braak, Willem J.; Lewin, Paul A.

    2015-01-01

    Rural wealth creation and local entrepreneurship are emerging economic development approaches that bring back a sense of self-determination to rural communities. However, their potential is often greatly diminished by preconceived and opposing notions within the community on what drives economic growth. The Dollar Game is an innovative curriculum…

  10. Dollars Works 2: The Evolution of a Financial Literacy Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Cindy M.; Heins, Rosemary K.; Katras, Mary Jo

    2013-01-01

    Dollar Works 2 is a comprehensive personal financial education program to help individuals and families strengthen their skills, better manage their personal finances, and make sound decisions about money. This article chronicles the evolution of a curriculum to enhance and modify materials to improve learning and meet the needs of multiple…

  11. The Consumer and His Dollars: A Workbook and Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finegan, Marcella E.

    This workbook and study guide for a money management curriculum in consumer education was written to accompany the textbook "The Consumer and His Dollars" and a teacher's guide, both announced in this issue as VT 017 179 and VT 017 177. Included are 16 chapters, each containing worksheets perforated for easy removal. Chapter highlights,…

  12. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... secured by, the policy's death benefit proceeds, the policy's cash surrender value, or both. (ii) Payments...)(5) of this section for special rules regarding certain split-dollar term loans payable on the death... outstanding loans between A and B. Assume that the blended annual rate for 2009 is 5 percent,...

  13. The Consumer and His Dollars: A Workbook and Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finegan, Marcella E.

    This workbook and study guide for a money management curriculum in consumer education was written to accompany the textbook "The Consumer and His Dollars" and a teacher's guide, both announced in this issue as VT 017 179 and VT 017 177. Included are 16 chapters, each containing worksheets perforated for easy removal. Chapter highlights,…

  14. Colleges' Billion-Dollar Campaigns Feel the Economy's Sting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2009-01-01

    The economy's collapse has caught up with the billion-dollar campaign. In the past 12 months, the amount of money raised by a dozen of the colleges engaged in higher education's biggest fund-raising campaigns fell 32 percent from the year before. The decline, which started before the worst of the recession, has forced colleges to postpone…

  15. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... below-market split-dollar loan is to transfer value from the lender to the indirect participant and from... transfers of value described in the preceding sentence include (but are not limited to) a gift, compensation... loan from X to A is to transfer value from X to B and then to transfer value from B to A....

  16. For Athletics, a Billion-Dollar Goal Line

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolverton, Brad

    2009-01-01

    The nation's biggest athletics departments are quietly trying to raise hundreds of millions of dollars for separate sports endowments, heating up the competition for donors and raising questions about institutional priorities during the economic crunch. At least eight programs hope to bring in more than $100-million each to defray the rising costs…

  17. Green Injustice: Who's Winning the Race for Environmental Dollars?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, Valerie

    1994-01-01

    Grass-root environmental justice organizations charge that, when funding for projects targeting minority communities is won by multimillion-dollar environmental organizations, community-based environmental justice groups are underfunded and the concentration of toxic waste facilities in minority communities continues to grow. Lists top 10…

  18. Colleges' Billion-Dollar Campaigns Feel the Economy's Sting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2009-01-01

    The economy's collapse has caught up with the billion-dollar campaign. In the past 12 months, the amount of money raised by a dozen of the colleges engaged in higher education's biggest fund-raising campaigns fell 32 percent from the year before. The decline, which started before the worst of the recession, has forced colleges to postpone…

  19. For Athletics, a Billion-Dollar Goal Line

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolverton, Brad

    2009-01-01

    The nation's biggest athletics departments are quietly trying to raise hundreds of millions of dollars for separate sports endowments, heating up the competition for donors and raising questions about institutional priorities during the economic crunch. At least eight programs hope to bring in more than $100-million each to defray the rising costs…

  20. Green Injustice: Who's Winning the Race for Environmental Dollars?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, Valerie

    1994-01-01

    Grass-root environmental justice organizations charge that, when funding for projects targeting minority communities is won by multimillion-dollar environmental organizations, community-based environmental justice groups are underfunded and the concentration of toxic waste facilities in minority communities continues to grow. Lists top 10…

  1. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the individual's life expectancy as determined under the appropriate table in § 1.72-9 on the day the... this section because the individual outlived his or her life expectancy, the split-dollar loan is... life insurance arrangements, see § 1.61-22. (2) Loan treatment—(i) General rule. A payment made...

  2. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... is the present value of all payments due under the loan, determined as of the date the loan is made... compounding period used in computing the present value. See section 1274(d)(1). If the split-dollar loan does... percent, compounded annually (the long-term AFR), the present value of the payments under the loan is...

  3. Smart Energy Choices Free Up Dollars for Capital Improvements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchey, David

    2003-01-01

    Describes several ways to design or renovate school building to save thousand of dollars of energy costs. Considers site design, energy-efficient building envelope, renewable energy systems, lighting and electrical systems, mechanical and ventilation systems, water conservation, and transportation. Describes how to obtain information about the…

  4. Lost Dollars Threaten Research in Public Academic Health Centers.

    PubMed

    Bourne, Henry R; Vermillion, Eric B

    2017-03-01

    The decrease of federal and state support threatens long-term sustainability of research in publicly supported academic health centers. In weathering these financial threats, research at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), has undergone 3 substantial changes: institutional salary support goes preferentially to senior faculty, whereas the young increasingly depend on grants; private and government support for research grows apace in clinical departments but declines in basic science departments; and research is judged more on its quantity (numbers of investigators and federal and private dollars) than on its goals, achievements, or scientific quality. We propose specific measures to alleviate these problems. Other large public academic health centers probably confront similar issues, but-except for UCSF-such centers have not been subjected to detailed public analysis.-Bourne, H. R., Vermillion, E. B. Lost dollars threaten research in public academic health centers.

  5. The ‘thousand-dollar genome': an ethical exploration

    PubMed Central

    Dondorp, Wybo J; de Wert, Guido M W R

    2013-01-01

    Sequencing an individual's complete genome is expected to be possible for a relatively low sum ‘one thousand dollars' within a few years. Sequencing refers to determining the order of base pairs that make up the genome. The result is a library of three billion letter combinations. Cheap whole-genome sequencing is of greatest importance to medical scientific research. Comparing individual complete genomes will lead to a better understanding of the contribution genetic variation makes to health and disease. As knowledge increases, the ‘thousand-dollar genome' will also become increasingly important to healthcare. The applications that come within reach raise a number of ethical questions. This monitoring report addresses the issue. PMID:23677179

  6. Dollarization In El Salvador And Ecuador: A Model Worth Following

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xi LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ARENA Nationalist Republican Alliance Party GDP gross domestic product IMF...investors hoping to profit from the falling value of the domestic currency. When a country uses a fixed exchange rate, but not dollarization, it can be...not have a domestic currency to attack.14 10 Goldstein, Managed Floating Plus, 34–36. 11 Ibid

  7. Independent Software Quality Assessment (ISQA) Services: Makes Dollars and Sense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-04

    1 Independent Software Quality Assessment ( ISQA ) Services: Makes Dollars and Sense Presented to the Systems & Software Technology Conference Salt... ISQA ? – What is NOT ISQA • Why? – Software Costs – Benefits of ISQA – ISQA Services • When? – Throughout Life Cycle – Proven Examples • How...advanced technology to meet current needs. • Implement SQA through our ISQA Team – Dedicated Cadre of computer scientists/engineers with access to

  8. 5 CFR 1600.21 - Contributions in whole percentages or whole dollar amounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... traditional balance and a dollar amount to his or her Roth balance, but the total dollar amount elected is... will deduct traditional contributions first and Roth contributions second. (b) Uniformed...

  9. 5 CFR 1600.21 - Contributions in whole percentages or whole dollar amounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... traditional balance and a dollar amount to his or her Roth balance, but the total dollar amount elected is... will deduct traditional contributions first and Roth contributions second. (b) Uniformed...

  10. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  11. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance..., and Taxable Income § 1.61-22 Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. (a) Scope—(1) In general. This section provides rules for the taxation of a split-dollar life insurance arrangement...

  12. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  13. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  14. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance...) FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.139 Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions. The fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop...

  15. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance..., and Taxable Income § 1.61-22 Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. (a) Scope—(1) In general. This section provides rules for the taxation of a split-dollar life insurance arrangement...

  16. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  17. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance..., and Taxable Income § 1.61-22 Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. (a) Scope—(1) In general. This section provides rules for the taxation of a split-dollar life insurance arrangement for...

  18. [The Six Million Dollar Man: from fiction to reality].

    PubMed

    Langeveld, C H Kees

    2013-01-01

    The term 'bionic' has been in existence since 1958, but only gained general recognition from the television series 'The Six Million Dollar Man'. Following a crash, the central figure in this series - test pilot Steve Austin - has an eye, an arm and both legs replaced by prostheses which make him stronger and faster than a normal person. This story is based on the science fiction book 'Cyborg' by Martin Caidin. In the world of comic books and films there are a number of examples of people who are given superhuman powers by having technological gadgets built in. Although the latter is not yet possible, the bionic human has now become reality.

  19. Water and life from snow: A trillion dollar science question

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sturm, Matthew; Goldstein, Michael A.; Parr, Charles

    2017-05-01

    Snow provides essential resources/services in the form of water for human use, and climate regulation in the form of enhanced cooling of the Earth. In addition, it supports a thriving winter outdoor recreation industry. To date, the financial evaluation of the importance of snow is incomplete and hence the need for accelerated snow research is not as clear as it could be. With snow cover changing worldwide in several worrisome ways, there is pressing need to determine global, regional, and local rates of snow cover change, and to link these to financial analyses that allow for rational decision making, as risks related to those decisions involve trillions of dollars.

  20. Dedollarization in Turkey after decades of dollarization: A myth or reality?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Metin-Özcan, Kıvılcım; Us, Vuslat

    2007-11-01

    The paper analyzes dollarization in the Turkish economy given the evidence on dedollarization signals. On conducting a Vector Autoregression (VAR) model, the empirical evidence suggests that dollarization has mostly been shaped by macroeconomic imbalances as measured by exchange rate depreciation volatility, inflation volatility and expectations. Furthermore, the generalized impulse response function (IRF) analysis, in addition to the analysis of variance decomposition (VDC) gives support to the notion that dollarization seems to sustain its persistent nature, thus hysteresis still prevails. Hence, unfavorable macroeconomic conditions apparently contribute to dollarization while dollarization itself contains inertia. Furthermore, dedollarization that presumably started after 2001 has lost headway after May 2006. Thus, it seems too early to conclude that dollarization changed its route to dedollarization.

  1. Winglets Save Billions of Dollars in Fuel Costs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2010-01-01

    The upturned ends now featured on many airplane wings are saving airlines billions of dollars in fuel costs. Called winglets, the drag-reducing technology was advanced through the research of Langley Research Center engineer Richard Whitcomb and through flight tests conducted at Dryden Flight Research Center. Seattle-based Aviation Partners Boeing -- a partnership between Aviation Partners Inc., of Seattle, and The Boeing Company, of Chicago -- manufactures Blended Winglets, a unique design featured on Boeing aircraft around the world. These winglets have saved more than 2 billion gallons of jet fuel to date, representing a cost savings of more than $4 billion and a reduction of almost 21.5 million tons in carbon dioxide emissions.

  2. Effects of genotype and isolate on expression of dollar spot in seashore paspalum

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum Swartz) is a warm-season turfgrass species primarily utilized on golf courses and athletic fields and is often impacted by dollar spot disease. Dollar spot, caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F.T. Bennett, is a major fungal disease and the most common turfgrass p...

  3. First report of dollar spot disease, caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa, of Agrostis stolonifera in Sweden

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Dollar spot is a destructive and widespread disease affecting most grass species grown as turf, but until recently it has been absent from the Scandinavian countries of northern Europe. In the fall of 2014, disease symptoms consistent with dollar spot were observed on a golf course fairway in Sweden...

  4. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  5. Family Support and Time Dollars: How To Build Community Using Social Capital.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Wendy; MacMaster, Pat

    Many communities are rethinking their ideas of mutual support, social economy, and community economic development and are using "Time Dollars" strategies to build on their existing support networks and create a strong and valued social economy. This book provides an introduction to the social capital strategy of Time Dollars and presents…

  6. 77 FR 54659 - Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ...-54660] [FR Doc No: 2012-21739] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing a price of $54.95 for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar...

  7. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1... life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements....

  8. 31 CFR 358.10 - How are amounts of less than one dollar credited?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How are amounts of less than one... less than one dollar credited? Only full dollar amounts can be held in CUBES; principal amounts that include cents cannot be held in CUBES. Upon the conversion of coupons to CUBES, amounts of less than...

  9. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... § 1.7872-15 and the split-dollar life insurance arrangement is modified such that, after the..., immediately after such modification, the employer, service recipient, or donor is not the owner of the life... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance...

  10. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to use...

  11. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. 1.472-8 Section 1.472-8 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Inventories § 1.472-8 Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories. (a) Election to use...

  12. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment...

  13. Getting the best return on the employee benefit dollar.

    PubMed

    Carey, R G; Drachman, D A

    1988-12-01

    The value of employee benefits depends largely on employees' perceptions of those benefits, rather than on any intrinsic value the benefits have. If employees do not value a benefit highly, the hospital is not getting its money's worth. Hospital management now faces the challenge of reallocating benefit dollars to best meet employees' perceived needs and have the maximum positive impact on employee morale, while holding the line on benefit costs. To meet this challenge, administrators must first determine which benefits employees value the most, with which benefits they are most satisfied, and whether an employee's job category makes a difference. Parkside Associates, Inc., the hospital survey corporation of the Lutheran General Health Care System, Park Ridge, IL, has developed a system for gathering hospital-specific benefit data as part of an employee attitude survey. Employees rate each of their benefits according to (1) the benefit's importance to them and (2) their level of satisfaction with the benefit. Based on the assessment of employees' perceptions of the value and quality of benefits they receive, management can plan one or more strategies for response. For example, hospitals can: 1. Reduce benefits a majority of employees identify as having little importance. 2. Restructure benefits identified as being very important, but which produce little satisfaction. 3. Offer flexible, or "cafeteria," benefit plans so individual employees can increase the level of the benefits they value most and decrease the level of other benefits. 4. Offer educational activities, such as an annual benefits statement, to heighten the employees' awareness of the value of the benefits they are receiving.

  14. The challenge of teaching astronomy with 0 dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ros, Rosa Maria; García, Beatriz

    2015-08-01

    The training courses on Astronomy are necessary for teachers in all the countries. Normally they are more necessary in developing countries that in other ones. The challenge is to do this work without expenses. NASE, Network for Astronomy School Education, organizes courses for teachers in service and future teachers practically free of charge. The host country only pays accommodation and meals of NASE visitors. But the most interesting aspect of NASE is that presents a lot of activities to carry out in the classroom by 0 dollars using “learning by doing” methodology. After more than 60 courses in about 20 countries we can show several examples of materials generated by participants themselves during the course. With this materials they can make observations and reasoning about their observations in order to understand the astronomy concepts which appear in the curricula of different levels of formal education.Waste materials, cardboard or paper, pieces of string or wire, a stick or a CD, some milk or a drop of oil can be very useful to produce a spectrograph, a photometer, a sundial, a goniometer or a quadrant. The imagination and creativity can replace funding which are difficult to achieve in secondary and primary schools in small towns or villages. NASE is a solution for teachers. which discover that they can explain, in a simple way, complex concepts using models and observations that do not need any money!Participants in NASE courses receive instructions in order to work with NASE materials and after the courses they can find (and create) complementary materials at the NASE website, in order to continue working in the same way. We receive some contributions from some of them that we publish at our web.http:www.naseprogram.org

  15. 75 FR 62413 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales...

  16. Impact of an annual dollar limit or "cap" on prescription drug benefits for Medicare patients.

    PubMed

    Tseng, Chien-Wen; Brook, Robert H; Keeler, Emmett; Mangione, Carol M

    2003-07-09

    Annual dollar limits, or "caps," on drug benefits are common in Medicare managed care (Medicare + Choice) and have been part of several proposals for a national Medicare drug benefit. To determine how cap levels affect the percentage of patients exceeding the cap and their out-of-pocket drug costs and to identify the medications that contribute most to prescription costs. Cross-sectional analysis of 2001 pharmacy claims data from a large Medicare + Choice plan in a mature market with caps of 750 dollars to 2000 dollars per year applied to the plan's share of prescription costs. Patients who filled at least 1 prescription in 2001 (n = 438 802). Percentages of patients exceeding caps, identified from prescription claims; out-of-pocket patient costs before exceeding caps, calculated from patients' co-payments; and out-of-pocket patient costs after exceeding caps, estimated from total prescription costs before exceeding the cap. Each unique drug was ranked by total expenditures, which included spending by patients who exceeded caps and by the plan for that drug. A total of 22%, 14%, and 4% of Medicare patients exceeded caps of 750 dollars, 1000 dollars, and 2000 dollars, respectively. Across caps, patients faced a potential 2- to 3-fold increase in median out-of-pocket costs after exceeding caps (179 dollars-305/mo dollars) to continue the same prescription use as before exceeding caps (79-100/mo dollars). For patients who exceeded a cap of 750 dollars, yearly out-of-pocket drug costs ranged from 564 dollars to 4201 dollars (5th-95th percentiles). Fifteen of the 20 medications with the highest total prescription expenditures for patients who exceeded the cap were for chronic conditions. Seven had lower-cost generic versions or a generic medication available in the same treatment class. At lower caps, a substantial proportion of Medicare patients exceeded their annual drug benefit. To continue the same medication use as before exceeding caps, these patients faced

  17. Estimating the cost of new drug development: is it really 802 million dollars?

    PubMed

    Adams, Christopher P; Brantner, Van V

    2006-01-01

    This paper replicates the drug development cost estimates of Joseph DiMasi and colleagues ("The Price of Innovation"), using their published cost estimates along with information on success rates and durations from a publicly available data set. For drugs entering human clinical trials for the first time between 1989 and 2002, the paper estimated the cost per new drug to be 868 million dollars. However, our estimates vary from around 500 million dollars to more than 2,000 million dollars, depending on the therapy or the developing firm.

  18. 26 CFR 31.3121(i)-1 - Computation to nearest dollar of cash remuneration for domestic service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Computation to nearest dollar of cash... Revenue Code of 1954) General Provisions § 31.3121(i)-1 Computation to nearest dollar of cash remuneration... dollar any payment of cash remuneration for domestic service described in section 3121(a)(7)(B) (see §...

  19. 76 FR 41838 - Order Approving Adjustment for Inflation of the Dollar Amount Tests in Rule 205-3 Under the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... COMMISSION Order Approving Adjustment for Inflation of the Dollar Amount Tests in Rule 205-3 Under the... dollar amount thresholds to account for the effects of inflation in 1998.\\3\\ \\3\\ See Exemption To Allow... and every five years thereafter, the Commission shall adjust for inflation the dollar...

  20. 77 FR 6865 - Pricing for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-09

    ... United States Mint Pricing for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star- Spangled Banner... Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin products: Introductory Product price Regular price Infantry... Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar Special N/A 51.95 Set Star-Spangled Banner Proof Silver Dollar 49.95...

  1. 38 CFR 3.505 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... consecutive days, VA will reduce benefits to the rate of $0.50 for each dollar authorized under the law... residence in the U.S., VA will reduce benefits to the rate of $0.50 for each dollar authorized under the law... the rate of $0.50 for each dollar authorized under law, effective the first day of the month...

  2. 38 CFR 3.505 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... consecutive days, VA will reduce benefits to the rate of $0.50 for each dollar authorized under the law... residence in the U.S., VA will reduce benefits to the rate of $0.50 for each dollar authorized under the law... the rate of $0.50 for each dollar authorized under law, effective the first day of the month...

  3. 41 CFR 102-73.40 - What happens if the dollar value of the project exceeds the prospectus threshold?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... dollar value of the project exceeds the prospectus threshold? 102-73.40 Section 102-73.40 Public... § 102-73.40 What happens if the dollar value of the project exceeds the prospectus threshold? Projects require approval by the Senate and the House of Representatives if the dollar value of a project exceeds...

  4. Historical changes in US dollar exchange rate and real value of oil

    SciTech Connect

    DeMis, W.D.

    1996-12-31

    Oil prices relative to world currencies are now at unprecedented lows, as shown by a price analysis that incorporates the effect of US dollar exchange rates on the value of oil. A commodity-based analysis corroborates this exchange-rate analysis. The value of oil today on world markets is even below its 1969 level (the nadir of the previous oil bust). The inflation-corrected price of oil (using the producer price index) in the US has increased 130% since 1969. However, the US dollar has lost over 40% of its value relative to G-7 currencies since abandonment of the Bretton Woods agreement in 1971. Therefore, the real value of oil an international markets is 20% below its 1969 level. Since 1988 alone, the dollar has lost 16% relative to the G-7 currencies. Oil producing countries are taking extreme revenue cuts caused by the eroding US dollar.

  5. Historical changes in US dollar exchange rate and real value of oil

    SciTech Connect

    DeMis, W.D. )

    1996-01-01

    Oil prices relative to world currencies are now at unprecedented lows, as shown by a price analysis that incorporates the effect of US dollar exchange rates on the value of oil. A commodity-based analysis corroborates this exchange-rate analysis. The value of oil today on world markets is even below its 1969 level (the nadir of the previous oil bust). The inflation-corrected price of oil (using the producer price index) in the US has increased 130% since 1969. However, the US dollar has lost over 40% of its value relative to G-7 currencies since abandonment of the Bretton Woods agreement in 1971. Therefore, the real value of oil an international markets is 20% below its 1969 level. Since 1988 alone, the dollar has lost 16% relative to the G-7 currencies. Oil producing countries are taking extreme revenue cuts caused by the eroding US dollar.

  6. Fewer U.S. Dollars Spent on Cardiac Arrest Research: Study

    MedlinePlus

    ... html Fewer U.S. Dollars Spent on Cardiac Arrest Research: Study Other causes of death claim the lion's ... yet it receives much less government funding for research than other leading causes of death, researchers report. ...

  7. Prediction of the dollar to the ruble rate. A system-theoretic approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borodachev, Sergey M.

    2017-07-01

    Proposed a simple state-space model of dollar rate formation based on changes in oil prices and some mechanisms of money transfer between monetary and stock markets. Comparison of predictions by means of input-output model and state-space model is made. It concludes that with proper use of statistical data (Kalman filter) the second approach provides more adequate predictions of the dollar rate.

  8. Characteristic time scales in the American dollar-Mexican peso exchange currency market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose

    2002-06-01

    Daily fluctuations of the American dollar-Mexican peso exchange currency market are studied using multifractal analysis methods. It is found evidence of multiaffinity of daily fluctuations in the sense that the qth-order (roughness) Hurst exponent Hq varies with changes in q. It is also found that there exist several characteristic time scales ranging from week to year. Accordingly, the market exhibits persistence in the sense that instabilities introduced by market events acting around the characteristic time scales (mainly, quarter and year) would propagate through the future market activity. Some implications of our results on the regulation of the dollar-mexpeso market activity are discussed.

  9. Sliding U.S. Dollar Packs a Wallop to Wallets Worldwide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Quinn

    2008-01-01

    The dollar, once one of the world's strongest currencies, has fallen dramatically in recent years--a development impacting attitudes from corporate boardrooms to the sets of music videos where artists are choosing to flash the euro over American cash. When measured against a collection of other leading worldwide currencies--like the European euro,…

  10. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION INSURANCE...

  11. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)? 894.505 Section 894.505 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION INSURANCE...

  12. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (d) A matrix showing the most recent escalation adjustments of...

  13. 31 CFR 535.413 - Transfers between dollar accounts held for foreign banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... held for foreign banks. 535.413 Section 535.413 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS Interpretations § 535.413 Transfers between dollar accounts held for foreign...) to an account held by a domestic bank (directly or through a foreign branch or subsidiary) for...

  14. Perceptions of and preferences for fee program dollar utilization among wilderness visitors

    Treesearch

    Ingrid Schneider; Christopher LaPointe; Sharon Stievater

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to ascertain visitor perceptions of a fee program and preferences for management utilization of the fee dollars. Differences in program perceptions were examined both by activity and activity style. Wilderness visitors in the American Southwest were surveyed on-site during the 1997–1998 season. Overall, respondents moderately agreed that...

  15. When Private Schools Take Public Dollars: What's the Place of Accountability in School Voucher Programs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Hentges, Christina M.; Petrilli, Michael J.; Winkler, Amber M.

    2009-01-01

    Of all the arguments that critics of school voucher programs advance, the one that may resonate loudest with the public concerns school accountability. Opponents say it's not fair to hold public schools accountable for their results (under No Child Left Behind and similar systems) and then let private schools receive taxpayer dollars--however…

  16. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of DASTM gain or loss as determined under paragraph (d) of this section. (c) Translation into United... into dollars at the exchange rate (as defined in paragraph (c)(6) of this section) for the translation... reference to a translation period prior to the change in functional currency. For example, depreciation...

  17. Suburb-to-suburb intercity travel: Energy, time and dollar expenditures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fels, M. F.

    1976-01-01

    The effect of adding suburb to terminal and terminal to suburb travel is examined. The energy consumed in entire trips was estimated. The total energy costs are compared with total travel times, and dollar costs to the traveler. Trips between origins in seven suburbs of Newark, New Jersey and destinations in two Washington, D. C. suburbs are analyzed.

  18. Evaluation of seashore paspalum germplasm for resistance to dollar spot disease

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Development of seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum Swartz) cultivars that exhibit resistance to dollar spot disease, caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F.T. Bennett, are needed. Seashore paspalum is a warm-season turfgrass often utilized on golf courses and athletic fields in the southeastern Unite...

  19. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION INSURANCE PROGRAM Enrollment and Changing Enrollment § 894.505 Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars... changing your enrollment retroactively as a result of birth or adoption of a child. Any additional...

  20. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION INSURANCE PROGRAM Enrollment and Changing Enrollment § 894.505 Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars... changing your enrollment retroactively as a result of birth or adoption of a child. Any additional...

  1. 5 CFR 894.505 - Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars (premium conversion)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION INSURANCE PROGRAM Enrollment and Changing Enrollment § 894.505 Are retroactive premiums paid with pre-tax dollars... changing your enrollment retroactively as a result of birth or adoption of a child. Any additional...

  2. Stretching the School Dollar: A Brief for State Policymakers. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.; Roza, Marguerite

    2011-01-01

    After years of non-stop increases--national k-12 per-pupil spending is up by "one-third" in inflation-adjusted dollars since 1995--schools now face the near-certainty of repeated annual budget cuts for the first time since the Great Depression. In some states and districts, reductions will be dramatic--well into the double digits. And…

  3. Teacher's Answers to The Consumer and His Dollars: A Workbook and Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finegan, Marcella E.

    This workbook and study guide contains the teacher's answers to accompany the text of "The Consumer and His Dollars." Included are: (1) a key to the study exercises, given for each of 16 chapters, (2) the answers for 16 chapter reviews, (3) a mid-course test having 71 questions, together with an answer key, and (4) a final review test…

  4. Sliding U.S. Dollar Packs a Wallop to Wallets Worldwide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Quinn

    2008-01-01

    The dollar, once one of the world's strongest currencies, has fallen dramatically in recent years--a development impacting attitudes from corporate boardrooms to the sets of music videos where artists are choosing to flash the euro over American cash. When measured against a collection of other leading worldwide currencies--like the European euro,…

  5. We Want Our 27 Million Dollars back: Retention as a Revenue Resource

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Raymond T.; Liguori, Denise; O'Connor, Dianna; Postle, Monica

    2009-01-01

    Community colleges lose millions of dollars in potential revenue due to lackluster retention and graduation rates. It is time for change! Bergen Community College (BCC) has made a unique commitment to concentrate solely on this issue. Learn how the establishment of the Department of Retention Services, with its cutting edge initiatives, is…

  6. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar: How Innovation Can Improve Access, Equity, and Affordability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Andrew P., Ed.; Carey, Kevin, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    In this provocative volume, higher education experts explore innovative ways that colleges and universities can unbundle the various elements of the college experience while assessing costs and benefits and realizing savings. "Stretching the Higher Education Dollar" traces the reform continuum from incremental to more ambitious efforts.…

  7. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any foreign...

  8. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any foreign...

  9. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any foreign...

  10. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any foreign...

  11. 31 CFR 535.576 - Payment of non-dollar letters of credit to Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... credit to Iran. 535.576 Section 535.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... letters of credit to Iran. Notwithstanding the prohibitions of §§ 535.201 and 535.206(a)(4), payment of existing non-dollar letters of credit in favor of Iranian entities or any person in Iran by any foreign...

  12. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... clearing transactions involving Iran. 560.516 Section 560.516 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran. (a) United States depository institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds to or from Iran, or for the direct or indirect...

  13. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... clearing transactions involving Iran. 560.516 Section 560.516 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran. (a) United States depository institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds to or from Iran, or for the direct or indirect...

  14. 31 CFR 560.516 - Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... clearing transactions involving Iran. 560.516 Section 560.516 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Payment and United States dollar clearing transactions involving Iran. (a) United States depository institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds to or from Iran, or for the direct or indirect...

  15. We Want Our 27 Million Dollars back: Retention as a Revenue Resource

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Raymond T.; Liguori, Denise; O'Connor, Dianna; Postle, Monica

    2009-01-01

    Community colleges lose millions of dollars in potential revenue due to lackluster retention and graduation rates. It is time for change! Bergen Community College (BCC) has made a unique commitment to concentrate solely on this issue. Learn how the establishment of the Department of Retention Services, with its cutting edge initiatives, is…

  16. "More Bang for the Buck": Examining Influencers of Fundraising Efficiency and Total Dollars Raised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Proper, Eve; Caboni, Timothy C.; Hartley, Harold V., III; Willmer, Wesley K.

    2009-01-01

    This study examines institution-specific factors that are within the control of the advancement office and that predict fundraising efficiency and total dollars raised. Using data from the Council of Independent Colleges and IPEDS, fundraising outcomes are examined at private colleges in the United States. Most of the variables of interest are not…

  17. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar: How Innovation Can Improve Access, Equity, and Affordability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Andrew P., Ed.; Carey, Kevin, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    In this provocative volume, higher education experts explore innovative ways that colleges and universities can unbundle the various elements of the college experience while assessing costs and benefits and realizing savings. "Stretching the Higher Education Dollar" traces the reform continuum from incremental to more ambitious efforts.…

  18. 48 CFR 752.7010 - Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conversion of U.S. dollars to local currency. 752.7010 Section 752.7010 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR... shall consult with the Mission Director who shall provide, in writing, the procedure the Contractor...

  19. Building Literacy in Afterschool. Dollar General Afterschool Literacy Issue Brief. No. 67

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Afterschool Alliance, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Afterschool Alliance, in partnership with Dollar General Literacy Foundation, is proud to present this issue brief examining the vital role afterschool programs play to build students' literacy skills. This issue brief will explore the additional support needed to help students with their reading, writing and critical thinking skills, as well…

  20. When Private Schools Take Public Dollars: What's the Place of Accountability in School Voucher Programs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Hentges, Christina M.; Petrilli, Michael J.; Winkler, Amber M.

    2009-01-01

    Critics of school voucher programs argue that private schools that receive taxpayer dollars should be held accountable to the same standards as public schools. School choice supporters counter that private schools should be left alone to answer to the parents of their students. The authors advocate for a re-visit to the discussion of…

  1. 31 CFR 500.580 - Authorization of U.S. dollar clearing transactions involving North Korea.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... transactions involving North Korea. 500.580 Section 500.580 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... Authorization of U.S. dollar clearing transactions involving North Korea. Banking institutions organized under... North Korea or a national thereof has an interest. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction who are...

  2. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (d) A matrix showing the most recent escalation adjustments of...

  3. Mapping QTL for dollar spot resistance in creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.).

    PubMed

    Chakraborty, N; Curley, J; Warnke, S; Casler, M D; Jung, G

    2006-11-01

    Dollar spot caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa F. T. Bennett is the most economically important turf disease on golf courses in North America. Dollar spot resistance in a creeping bentgrass cultivar would greatly reduce the frequency, costs, and environmental impacts of fungicide application. Little work has been done to understand the genetics of resistance to dollar spot in creeping bentgrass. Therefore, QTL analysis was used to determine the location, number and effects of genomic regions associated with dollar spot resistance in the field. To meet this objective, field inoculations using a single isolate were performed over 2 years and multiple locations using progeny of a full sib mapping population '549 x 372'. Dollar spot resistance seems to be inherited quantitatively and broad sense heritability for resistance was estimated to be 0.88. We have detected one QTL with large effect on linkage group 7.1 with LOD values ranging from 3.4 to 8.6 and explaining 14-36% of the phenotypic variance. Several smaller effect QTL specific to rating dates, locations and years were also detected. The association of the tightly linked markers with the LG 7.1 QTL based on 106 progeny was further examined by single marker analysis on all 697 progeny. The high significance of the QTL on LG 7.1 at a sample size of 697 (P < 0.0001), along with its consistency across locations, years and ratings dates, indicated that it was stable over environments. Markers tightly linked to the QTL can be utilized for marker-assisted selection in future bentgrass breeding programs.

  4. 26 CFR 1.985-2 - Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Election to use the United States dollar as the... § 1.985-2 Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU. (a) Background... functional currency for taxable years beginning on or before August 24, 1994. An election to use a...

  5. 26 CFR 1.985-2 - Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Election to use the United States dollar as the... § 1.985-2 Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU. (a) Background... functional currency for taxable years beginning on or before August 24, 1994. An election to use a...

  6. 26 CFR 1.985-2 - Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Election to use the United States dollar as the... § 1.985-2 Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU. (a) Background... functional currency for taxable years beginning on or before August 24, 1994. An election to use a...

  7. The Dynamics of Teacher Costs: A Dollar Flow Analysis. Educational Planning Occasional Papers No. 73/74-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tracz, G. S.; Burtnyk, W. A.

    The authors describe an extension that has been made to and subsequently incorporated into the system known as Teacher Cost Models. This approach -- a dollar flow analysis -- identifies and quantifies the factors that contribute to dollar changes in the ON GRID teacher wage-bill from one year to the next. The methodology is applicable at both the…

  8. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate. 3.405 Section 3.405 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans... Compensation Effective Dates § 3.405 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate. Public Laws 106-377 and 108-183, which provide disability compensation and dependency and...

  9. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate. 3.405 Section 3.405 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans... Compensation Effective Dates § 3.405 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate. Public Laws 106-377 and 108-183, which provide disability compensation and dependency and...

  10. How the Dollar's Value Affects U.S. Farm Exports to Developing Countries. Foreign Agricultural Economic Report Number 237.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burfisher, Mary E.

    United States exports may not necessarily increase when the dollar falls on the world market. Conventional thinking is that a weaker dollar means more demand for U.S. products because they become less expensive than goods from countries with stronger currencies. However, developing countries whose export revenues are denominated in the weakening…

  11. Cross-correlations between the US monetary policy, US dollar index and crude oil market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Xinxin; Lu, Xinsheng; Yue, Gongzheng; Li, Jianfeng

    2017-02-01

    This paper investigates the cross-correlations between the US monetary policy, US dollar index and WTI crude oil market, using a dataset covering a period from February 4, 1994 to February 29, 2016. Our study contributes to the literature by examining the effect of the US monetary policy on US dollar index and WTI crude oil through the MF-DCCA approach. The empirical results show that the cross-correlations between the three sets of time series exhibit strong multifractal features with the strength of multifractality increasing over the sample period. Employing a rolling window analysis, our empirical results show that the US monetary policy operations have clear influences on the cross-correlated behavior of the three time series covered by this study.

  12. NBER working paper series: oil and the dollar. Working Paper No. 554

    SciTech Connect

    Krugman, P.

    1980-01-01

    This paper develops a simple theoretical model of the effect of an oil price increase on exchange rates. The model shows that the direction of this effect depends on a comparison of the direct balance of payments burden of the higher oil price with the indirect balance of payments benefits of OPEC spending and investment. In the short run, what matters is whether the US share of world oil imports is more or less than its share of OPEC asset holdings; in the long run, whether its share of oil imports is more or less than its share of OPEC imports. Casual empiricism suggests that the initial effect and the long run effect will run in opposite directions; an oil price increase will initially lead to dollar appreciation, but eventually leads to dollar depreciation.

  13. First-dollar cost-sharing for skilled nursing facility care in medicare advantage plans.

    PubMed

    Keohane, Laura M; Grebla, Regina C; Rahman, Momotazur; Mukamel, Dana B; Lee, Yoojin; Mor, Vincent; Trivedi, Amal

    2017-08-29

    The initial days of a Medicare-covered skilled nursing facility (SNF) stay may have no cost-sharing or daily copayments depending on beneficiaries' enrollment in traditional Medicare or Medicare Advantage. Some policymakers have advocated imposing first-dollar cost-sharing to reduce post-acute expenditures. We examined the relationship between first-dollar cost-sharing for a SNF stay and use of inpatient and SNF services. We identified seven Medicare Advantage plans that introduced daily SNF copayments of $25-$150 in 2009 or 2010. Copays began on the first day of a SNF admission. We matched these plans to seven matched control plans that did not introduce first-dollar cost-sharing. In a difference-in-differences analysis, we compared changes in SNF and inpatient utilization for the 172,958 members of intervention and control plans. In intervention plans the mean annual number of SNF days per 100 continuously enrolled inpatients decreased from 768.3 to 750.6 days when cost-sharing changes took effect. Control plans experienced a concurrent increase: 721.7 to 808.1 SNF days per 100 inpatients (adjusted difference-in-differences: -87.0 days [95% CI (-112.1,-61.9)]). In intervention plans, we observed no significant changes in the probability of any SNF service use or the number of inpatient days per hospitalized member relative to concurrent trends among control plans. Among several strategies Medicare Advantage plans can employ to moderate SNF use, first-dollar SNF cost-sharing may be one influential factor. Not applicable.

  14. 20th century U.S. mineral prices decline in constant dollars

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sullivan, Daniel E.; Sznopek, John L.; Wagner, Lorie A.

    2000-01-01

    Price indexes developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) indicate that the long-term constant dollar price of key U.S. mineral raw materials declined over the last century, even though the need for mineral raw materials increased during the same period. Technologies and reduced production costs have allowed mineral production to remain profitable, while lower priced mineral products from domestic and foreign sources helped fuel growth in other sectors of the economy.

  15. Florida hospital saves 5.3 M dollars by adopting principles of lean manufacturing.

    PubMed

    2005-01-01

    Florida hospital saves 5.3M dollars by adopting principles of lean manufacturing. Surgery cancellations have been slashed from 13% of cases to less than 3%, while emergency department admissions have increased by 20%. Those are just two of the results of a quality improvement project at Lee Memorial Health System in Fort Myers, FL, that focused on using the principles of lean manufacturing to improve patient flow in the five-hospital system

  16. Medicare, Medicaid fraud a billion-dollar art form in the US

    PubMed Central

    Korcok, M

    1997-01-01

    Medicare and Medicaid fraud costs billions of dollars each year in the US. Investigators have shown that fraud is found in all segments of the health care system. Even though the Canadian system has stricter regulations and tighter controls, can regulators here afford to be complacent about believing that such abuse would not happen here? One province has established an antifraud unit to monitor its health insurance scheme; it already has 1 prosecution under its belt. PMID:9141996

  17. Availability of Foods and Beverages in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Authorized Dollar Stores in a Region of North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Racine, Elizabeth F; Batada, Ameena; Solomon, Corliss A; Story, Mary

    2016-10-01

    There are >25,000 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-authorized dollar stores throughout the United States; many are located in lower-income neighborhoods and provide an accessible food and beverage source for area residents. The purpose of this research was to determine the percent of food deserts within 16 counties in North Carolina that include a SNAP dollar store; examine the types of foods and beverages at SNAP dollar stores in these counties; test whether the foods and beverages offered vary by SNAP dollar store chain; and test whether the foods and beverages available differ by rural and urban location. This cross-sectional study used a combination of publicly available data and primary data to investigate the research questions. Secondary data sources were obtained from the US Department of Agriculture's SNAP retailer locator, the US Census, and the US Department of Agriculture's Food Access Research Atlas. Availability of foods and beverages was assessed among a sample of 90 SNAP dollar stores in 16 counties in southern and western sections of North Carolina. Data were collected in June 2014. About half (52%) of the food deserts in the research area included a SNAP dollar store. Most of the sampled stores sold healthier food staples, such as frozen meats, brown rice, 100% whole-wheat bread, and dried beans. None of the stores sold fresh fruits or vegetables. Some of the foods and beverages offered (eg, frozen fruit, frozen unseasoned vegetables, nonfat or low-fat milk, frozen ground beef) varied by SNAP dollar store chain. The foods and beverages offered did not differ by rural or urban county location. SNAP dollar stores offer a number of healthy food staples; however, they do not sell fresh fruits or vegetables. Further food environment research should include dollar stores. Copyright © 2016 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Report: EPA Can Improve Its Reporting of Dollars Leveraged From the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Brownfields Program

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Report #12-R-0898, Sept 27, 2012. EPA project officers verified grant recipient reported outputs and outcomes for Recovery Act brownfields assessments completed, acres ready for reuse, and cleanups completed, but did not always verify dollars leveraged.

  19. Biomechanics of larval morphology affect swimming: insights from the sand dollars Dendraster excentricus.

    PubMed

    Chan, Kit Yu Karen

    2012-10-01

    Most planktonic larvae of marine invertebrates are denser than sea water, and rely on swimming to locate food, navigate advective currents, and avoid predators. Therefore, swimming behaviors play important roles in larval survival and dispersal. Larval bodies are often complex and highly variable across developmental stages and environmental conditions. These complex morphologies reflect compromises among multiple evolutionary pressures, including maintaining the ability to swim. Here, I highlight metrics of swimming performance, their relationships with morphology, and the roles of behavior in modulating larval swimming within biomechanical limits. Sand dollars have a representative larval morphology using long ciliated projections for swimming and feeding. Observed larval sand dollars fell within a narrow range of key morphological parameters that maximized their abilities to maintain directed upward movement over the most diverse flow fields, outperforming hypothetical alternatives in a numerical model. Ontogenetic changes in larval morphology also led to different vertical movements in simulated flow fields, implying stage-dependent vertical distributions and lateral transport. These model outcomes suggest a tight coupling between larval morphology and swimming. Environmental stressors, such as changes in temperature and pH, can therefore affect larval swimming through short-term behavioral adjustments and long-term changes in morphology. Larval sand dollars reared under elevated pCO(2) conditions had significantly different morphology, but not swimming speeds or trajectories. Geometric morphometric analysis showed a pH-dependent, size-mediated change in shape, suggesting a coordinated morphological adjustment to maintain swimming performance under acidified conditions. Quantification of the biomechanics and behavioral aspects of swimming improves predictions of larval survival and dispersal under present-day and future environmental conditions.

  20. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards, Fiscal Years 1961, 1962

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1962-01-01

    Corp. 67. Garrett Corp. 79. Richfield Oil Corp. - 2. General Dynamics Corp. 1 87. Ryan Aeronautical Co.) 5. General Electric Co. i 10. General Motors Corp...CompDanies Of of U. S. Percent of Dollars Total U.S. Total 9. S~ERRY RAID CORP. $ 456.8 i.8 Vickers, Inc. 8.8 Jd aTotal 4C5 1 31.8 10. GENERAL MOTORS CORP...actions have been reported. c/ Less than $50,000. Less than 0.05%. e/ Stock ownership is equally divided between General Motors Corp. and Standard Oil Co

  1. Holistic morphometric analysis of growth of the sand dollar Echinarachnius parma (Echinodermata:Echinoidea:Clypeasteroida).

    PubMed

    Zachos, Louis G

    2015-12-02

    Holistic morphometrics is a term implying complete shape characterization of all of the structural parts of an organism. The skeleton of an echinoid is comprised of hundreds of individual plates arranged in a closed 3-dimensional mosaic forming the test. GIS software and techniques were used to generate topologically correct digital models of an ontogenetic series of specimens of the sand dollar echinoid Echinarachnius parma. Plate growth can be considered in proportion to overall skeleton growth, resulting in a linear model of relative growth. Alternatively, separate logistic equations can be fit to the ontogenetic series of homologous plate areas using nonlinear least squares regression to result in a model for instantaneous growth. The linear and logistic parameters of the models describe the allometric growth of plates from different viewpoints. Growth is shown to fall into characteristic patterns defining distinct plate growth domains associated with development of the imago (larval) skeleton just prior to metamorphosis, early growth associated with expansion of the corona and fold-over (forming the flattened body form), juvenile growth and formation of petals, and adult growth. Functions of growth, plate translocation, plate juxtaposition between aboral and oral surfaces, and relationships with internal buttressing are quantified. Results offer explanations for general skeletal symmetry, distinction between ambulacral and interambulacral growth, the relationship of growth to internal buttressing, existence of a distinct petalodium, and anterior-posterior asymmetry during development. The parametric values of growth functions derived from the results are a basis for computational modeling of growth and development in sand dollars.

  2. Reassessment of NRC`s dollar per person-rem conversion factor policy

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has completed a review and analysis of its dollar per person-rem conversion factor policy. As a result of this review, the NRC has decided to adopt a $2000 per person-rem conversion factor, subject it to present worth considerations, and limit its scope solely to health effects. This is in contrast to the previous policy and staff practice of using an undiscounted $1000 per person-rem conversion factor that served as a surrogate for all offsite consequences (health and offsite property). The policy shift has been incorporated in ``Regulatory Analysis Guidelines of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission,`` NUREG/BR-0058, Revision 2, November 1995.

  3. Fingerprint detection on counterfeit US dollar banknotes: the importance of preliminary paper examination.

    PubMed

    Azoury, Myriam; Cohen, Drorit; Himberg, Kimmo; Qvintus-Leino, Pia; Saari, Terhi; Almog, Joseph

    2004-09-01

    Two seizures of counterfeit 100 US dollar bills related to the same indicative number were submitted for processing of latent fingerprints. On one group of notes, identifiable fingerprints could be detected by the routine application of amino acid reagents. In the second case, this technique gave no results, even on deliberately deposited prints. Fingerprints could be revealed, however, by cyanoacrylate fuming followed by magnetic powder. Comprehensive paper analysis showed that banknotes from both seizures differed remarkably by chemical composition as well as paper macroscopic properties. The difference in surface free energy (related to surface tension) of the banknotes in the two groups seemed to be the major factor responsible for the great variance in fingerprint detectability.

  4. A new South American Miocene species of 'one-holed' sand dollar (Echinoidea: Clypeasteroida: Monophorasteridae).

    PubMed

    Mooi, Rich; Martínez, Sergio A; Río, Claudia J Del

    2016-10-02

    A new species of monophorasterid sand dollar, Monophoraster telfordi n. sp., is described from the Early Miocene basal horizons of the Chenque Formation of Patagonia, Santa Cruz Province, in southern Argentina. The new taxon raises the number of known species in the family to six, and represents first unequivocal record of the genus for the Early Miocene of South America. It is therefore also the oldest member of the genus. M. telfordi is characterized by its test width to length ratio, which is much higher than for the other two described species in the genus, but less than that known for the extremely wide members of the sister taxon, Amplaster. M. telfordi is also unusual among monophorasterids in lacking broad continuity between basicoronal and post-basicoronal plates in the oral interambulacra. A key is provided to all the known species of Monophorasteridae.

  5. Distribution of fluorescently labeled tubulin injected into sand dollar eggs from fertilization through cleavage

    PubMed Central

    1985-01-01

    Porcine brain tubulin labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) was able to polymerize by itself and co-polymerize with tubulin purified from starfish sperm flagella. When we injected the FITC- labeled tubulin into unfertilized eggs of the sand dollar, Clypeaster japonicus, and the eggs were then fertilized, the labeled tubulin was incorporated into the sperm aster. When injected into fertilized eggs at streak stage, the tubulin was quickly incorporated into each central region of growing asters. It was clearly visualized that the labeled tubulin, upon reaching metaphase, accumulated in the mitotic apparatus and later disappeared over the cytoplasm during interphase. The accumulation of the fluorescence in the mitotic apparatus was observed repeatedly at successive cleavage. After lysis of the fertilized eggs with a microtubule-stabilizing solution, fluorescent fibrous structures around the nucleus and those of the sperm aster and the mitotic apparatus were preserved and coincided with the fibrous structures observed by polarization and differential interference microscopy. We found the FITC-labeled tubulin to be incorporated into the entire mitotic apparatus within 20-30 s when injected into the eggs at metaphase or anaphase. This rapid incorporation of the labeled tubulin into the mitotic apparatus suggests that the equilibrium between mitotic microtubules and tubulin is attained very rapidly in the living eggs. Axonemal tubulin purified from starfish sperm flagella and labeled with FITC was also incorporated into microtubular structures in the same fashion as the FITC-labeled brain tubulin. These results suggest that even FITC-labeled heterogeneous tubulins undergo spatial and stage-specific regulation of assembly-disassembly in the same manner as does sand dollar egg tubulin. PMID:3920225

  6. One thousand dollar assist heart pump for patients from developing countries.

    PubMed

    Qian, Kun-Xi

    2007-06-28

    In spite of continuous improvements in device design and applications, the profound use of heart pump has been limited because of its high price. The available clinically applied heart pump costs mostly about 100 thousands US Dollars. The author has since long tried to develop a heart pump costing only 1000 Dollars for recovery or bridge to heart transplantation therapies. The device is a radially driven centrifugal pump with a brush-less DC motor and a streamlined impeller. Its bearing is rolling bearing using 4 to 6 needles, manufactured by special wear-proof polythene with super-high-molecular weight, thus the service life achieves more than 10 years. To avoid thrombus formation, a special purge system is introduced to the bearing, allowing the saline with heparin to be infused through the bearing into the pump. The bearing, therefore, keeps working in the saline, and absolutely no thrombus will be formed along the bearing. Animal experiments demonstrated that a 30 mL fluid infusion per hour is enough to prevent thrombus formation. With these improvements, the impeller pump has continuously run for 14 months in the laboratory, and no bearing wear can be measured. The device, weighing 150 g, is fully implantable, consumes approximately 9.6 W, delivers a 9Lmin-1 blood flow against a 120 mmHg mean pressure, and reaches a highest total efficiency of 24.7% for the motor (including the controller) and the pump. The device has been used in animal experiments together with an American artificial lung for more than one month in the University of Texas and also in human trials in the Taiwan University.

  7. Food and beverage purchases in corner stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores.

    PubMed

    Caspi, Caitlin E; Lenk, Kathleen; Pelletier, Jennifer E; Barnes, Timothy L; Harnack, Lisa; Erickson, Darin J; Laska, Melissa N

    2017-10-01

    Little is known about customer purchases of foods and beverages from small and non-traditional food retailers (i.e. corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores and pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) describe customer characteristics, shopping frequency and reasons for shopping at small and non-traditional food retailers; and (ii) describe food/beverage purchases and their nutritional quality, including differences across store type. Data were collected through customer intercept interviews. Nutritional quality of food/beverage purchases was analysed; a Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score for purchases was created by aggregating participant purchases at each store. Small and non-traditional food stores that were not WIC-authorized in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN, USA. Customers (n 661) from 105 food retailers. Among participants, 29 % shopped at the store at least once daily; an additional 44 % shopped there at least once weekly. Most participants (74 %) cited convenient location as the primary draw to the store. Customers purchased a median of 2262 kJ (540 kcal), which varied by store type (P=0·04). The amount of added sugar far surpassed national dietary recommendations. At dollar stores, participants purchased a median of 5302 kJ (1266 kcal) for a median value of $US 2·89. Sugar-sweetened beverages were the most common purchase. The mean HEI-2010 score across all stores was 36·4. Small and non-traditional food stores contribute to the urban food environment. Given the poor nutritional quality of purchases, findings support the need for interventions that address customer decision making in these stores.

  8. One Thousand Dollar Assist Heart Pump for Patients from Developing Countries

    PubMed Central

    Qian, Kun-xi

    2007-01-01

    In spite of continuous improvements in device design and applications, the profound use of heart pump has been limited because of its high price. The available clinically applied heart pump costs mostly about 100 thousands US Dollars. The author has since long tried to develop a heart pump costing only 1000 Dollars for recovery or bridge to heart transplantation therapies. The device is a radially driven centrifugal pump with a brush-less DC motor and a streamlined impeller. Its bearing is rolling bearing using 4 to 6 needles, manufactured by special wear-proof polythene with super-high-molecular weight, thus the service life achieves more than 10 years. To avoid thrombus formation, a special purge system is introduced to the bearing, allowing the saline with heparin to be infused through the bearing into the pump. The bearing, therefore, keeps working in the saline, and absolutely no thrombus will be formed along the bearing. Animal experiments demonstrated that a 30 mL fluid infusion per hour is enough to prevent thrombus formation. With these improvements, the impeller pump has continuously run for 14 months in the laboratory, and no bearing wear can be measured. The device, weighing 150 g, is fully implantable, consumes approximately 9.6 W, delivers a 9Lmin-1 blood flow against a 120 mmHg mean pressure, and reaches a highest total efficiency of 24.7% for the motor (including the controller) and the pump. The device has been used in animal experiments together with an American artificial lung for more than one month in the University of Texas and also in human trials in the Taiwan University. PMID:19662122

  9. 78 FR 12089 - Revision of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(a) of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(a) of the Code AGENCY... title 28, United States Code, are increased. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Amanda L. Anderson, Chief... INFORMATION: Section 104(a) of title 11, United States Code, provides the mechanism for an automatic 3-year...

  10. 77 FR 14600 - Pricing for 2012 Kennedy Half-Dollar Bags and Rolls, Bronze Medals, the First Spouse Bronze Medal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ... Bronze Medal Set and the Birth Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice... medals, the First Spouse Bronze Medal Set and the Birth Set. Product Retail price Kennedy Half-Dollar... First Spouse Bronze Medal Set 16.95 Birth Set 19.95 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: B. B. Craig...

  11. Tracking Federal Dollars. Categorical Grants, Block Grants, and the Issue of a Fair Share for the Poor of Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparks, Mary; Markowitch, Anne

    This study tracks Federal block grant monies and their impact on the poor of Illinois. The hypothesis prompting the study was that the state has distributed a smaller proportion of its Federal block grant funds to those counties with the highest proportion of the state's poor as compared with the proportional distribution of Federal dollars under…

  12. 13 CFR 124.506 - At what dollar threshold must an 8(a) procurement be competed among eligible Participants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false At what dollar threshold must an 8(a) procurement be competed among eligible Participants? 124.506 Section 124.506 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 8(a) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT/SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS STATUS...

  13. Mobile dental units: leasing or buying? A dollar-cost analysis.

    PubMed

    Arevalo, Oscar; Saman, Daniel M; Bonaime, Alice; Skelton, Judy

    2010-01-01

    The decision to acquire a mobile dental unit is based on a standard capital budgeting analysis. The next step is to determine whether to obtain the use of the mobile dental unit by borrowing and purchasing or by leasing. As a financing mechanism, leases are simply another way of borrowing money to pay for the asset. To compare lease vs. debt as financial vehicles to acquiring a mobile dental unit. An estimate for a new mobile unit was obtained. Lease and loan proposals from financial lenders were collected. A cost of capital rate was chosen for comparison. Cash flows associated with borrowing and leasing vs. buying were determined fortwo different scenarios: for profit (FP) vs. not-for-profit (NFP), at 5 years. A dollar-cost analysis was utilized to determine the option with the lowest capitalized value. There was a net advantage to buying vs. leasing for both for FP and NFP organizations. Due to tax advantages, owning and leasing were substantially less expensive for FP than for NFP. Slight decreases in the monthly lease payments would make leasing competitive to the buying approach. Exploring alternative financing vehicles may allow dental programs to expand their services through the acquisition of a mobile unit. Though programs generally own assets, it is the use of the asset which is important rather than the ownership. Dental programs can find leasing an attractive alternative by offering access to capital with cash-flow advantages.

  14. Taking representation seriously: rethinking bioethics through Clint Eastwood's Million Dollar Baby.

    PubMed

    Braswell, Harold

    2011-06-01

    In this article, I propose a new model for understanding the function of representation in bioethics. Bioethicists have traditionally judged representations according to a mimetic paradigm, in which representations of bioethical dilemmas are assessed based on their correspondence to the "reality" of bioethics itself. In this article, I argue that this mimetic paradigm obscures the interaction between representation and reality and diverts bioethicists from analyzing the tensions in the representational object itself. I propose an anti-mimetic model of representation that is attuned to how representations can both maintain and potentially subvert dominant conceptions of bioethics. I illustrate this model through a case study of Clint Eastwood's film Million Dollar Baby. By focusing attention on the film's lack of adherence bioethical procedures and medical science, critics missed how an analysis of its representational logic provides a means of reimagining both bioethics and medical practice. In my conclusion, I build off this case study to assess how an incorporation of representational studies can deepen-and be deepened by-recent calls for interdisciplinarity in bioethics.

  15. Saving water, saving dollars: Efficient plumbing products and the protection of America`s waters

    SciTech Connect

    Osann, E.R.; Young, J.E.

    1998-12-31

    In recent years, new plumbing equipment designed to meet state and federal water-use standards, particularly the 1.6 gallon per flush (gpf) toilet, has been maligned by some in Congress and in occasional press reports. But this study shows that cities both large and small are successfully promoting water conservation, including water-frugal toilets, faucets and showerheads. One major result of their efforts may be to postpone or avoid billions of dollars in water and waste-water infrastructure costs in the next two decades. And perhaps surprisingly, many of the states that stand to benefit the most from reducing their anticipated infrastructure costs through water conservation tend to be located far from the arid West. The study was funded by the Plumbing Manufacturers Institute, the California Urban Water Conservation Council and the Water Conservation Coalition of Puget sound. It shows that nationwide, efficient plumbing fixtures could help postpone or reduce some portion of water-related infrastructure costs projected to total over $200 billion over the next 20 years. Twelve cities are profiled in individual case studies: Albuquerque, NM; Asheville, NC; Houston, TX; Iowa City, IA; Los Angeles, CA; Nashville, TN; New York, NY; Phoenix, AZ; San Diego, CA; Santa Monica, CA; Seattle, WA; Tampa, FL.

  16. Brief Exposure to Turbulence Permanently Alters Development of Sand Dollar Larvae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferner, M. C.; Hodin, J.; Ng, G.; Lowe, C. J.; Gaylord, B.

    2016-02-01

    Fluid motion underlies interactions between animals and their environment through effects on locomotion, food capture, respiration, information transfer, and other processes. Recent studies of marine invertebrates indicate that metamorphosis and settlement can be altered when swimming larvae experience a change in turbulence intensity, possibly increasing the likelihood that larvae will settle in appropriate habitat. For example, brief exposure to levels of turbulence characteristic of wave-swept coasts causes echinoderm larvae to quickly transition from a non-responsive "pre-competent" stage into a "competent" stage, thereby allowing the larvae to respond to local cues and settle. However, responding to one's entry into the nearshore environment isn't enough, as many such species live as adults in a narrower range of highly specific benthic habitat that is even more rarely encountered. Here we provide an account for this apparent mismatch between larval responses to broadly distributed cues and their need for more specialized settlement locations: turbulence exposure seems to cause larval sand dollars (Dendraster excentricus) to permanently shift from pre-competence to competence. This observation suggests a scenario where turbulence can activate a temporally extensive search image in larvae over a broad habitat range, a seemingly adaptive feature for larvae entering dynamic coastal environments.

  17. Estimating dollar-value outcomes of workman`s compensation claims using radial basis function networks

    SciTech Connect

    Hancock, M.F. Jr.

    1995-12-31

    The National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) maintains a national data base of outcomes of workers` compensation claims. We consider whether a radial basis function network can predict the total dollar value of a claim based upon medical and demographic indicators (MDI`s). This work used data from 12,130 workers` compensation claims collected over a period of four years from the state of New Mexico. Two problems were addressed: (1) How well can the total incurred medical expense for all claims be predicted from available MDI`s? For individual claims? (2) How well can the duration of disability be predicted from available MDI`s? The available features intuitively correlated with total medical cost were selected, including type of injury, part of body injured, person`s age at time of injury, gender, marital status, etc. These features were statistically standardized and sorted by correlation with outcome valuation. Principal component analysis was applied. A radial basis function neural network was applied to the feature sets in both supervised and unsupervised training modes. For sets used in training, individual case valuations could consistently be predicted to within $1000 over 98% of the time. For these sets, it was possible to predict total medical expense for the training sets themselves to within 10%. When applied as blind tests against sets which were NOT part of the training data, the prediction was within 15% on the whole sets. Results on individual cases were very poor in only 30% of the cases were the predictions for the training sets within $1000 of their actual valuations. Single-factor analysis suggested that the presence of an attorney strongly decorrelated the data. A simple stratification was performed to remove cases involving attorneys and contested claims, and the procedures above repeated. Preliminary results based upon the very limited effort applied indicate that NCCI data support population estimates, but not single-point estimates.

  18. A Dollars and “Sense” Exploration of Vape Shop Spending and E-cigarette Use

    PubMed Central

    Sears, C.; Hart, J.; Walker, K.; Lee, A.; Keith, R.; Ridner, S.

    2017-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Across the US, vape shops have emerged to provide e-cigarette users access to products not usually available at gas stations or retail stores. As vape shop sales have steadily increased, so have questions about the impact of marketing and price on e-cigarette use behaviors. In this exploratory analysis, we aim to characterize spending on e-cigarettes and evaluate the association with customer perceptions and use behaviors. METHODS In a cross-sectional survey of vape shop customers (n=78), perceptions and use of e-cigarettes and tobacco products were assessed. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were used to evaluate the association between spending and socioeconomic factors, demographics, and use behaviors. RESULTS Overall, spending amounts ranged from less than $10/month to more than $250/month, with a median around $50–75/month. Males spent more than females (p=0.003), but spending did not significantly differ by age (p=0.13). Customers who spent more than $50/month used lower levels of nicotine (mg/ml) (p=0.003) but a greater quantity of e-liquid (ml/month) (p<0.0001) compared to customers who spent under that amount. Mod use and intention to use e-cigarettes as a cessation device were significantly associated with vape shop spending in the regression model (OR= 17.5; 95% CI= (4.3, 70.2) and OR=0.22; 95% CI= (0.06, 0.75), respectively). CONCLUSIONS Spending appears to be significantly associated with e-cigarette use behaviors. Making “sense” of the potential relationships between the dollars spent at vape shops and consumer use behaviors is important as regulations for e-cigarette sales are proposed. PMID:28758154

  19. A Dollars and "Sense" Exploration of Vape Shop Spending and E-cigarette Use.

    PubMed

    Sears, C; Hart, J; Walker, K; Lee, A; Keith, R; Ridner, S

    2016-01-01

    Across the US, vape shops have emerged to provide e-cigarette users access to products not usually available at gas stations or retail stores. As vape shop sales have steadily increased, so have questions about the impact of marketing and price on e-cigarette use behaviors. In this exploratory analysis, we aim to characterize spending on e-cigarettes and evaluate the association with customer perceptions and use behaviors. In a cross-sectional survey of vape shop customers (n=78), perceptions and use of e-cigarettes and tobacco products were assessed. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were used to evaluate the association between spending and socioeconomic factors, demographics, and use behaviors. Overall, spending amounts ranged from less than $10/month to more than $250/month, with a median around $50-75/month. Males spent more than females (p=0.003), but spending did not significantly differ by age (p=0.13). Customers who spent more than $50/month used lower levels of nicotine (mg/ml) (p=0.003) but a greater quantity of e-liquid (ml/month) (p<0.0001) compared to customers who spent under that amount. Mod use and intention to use e-cigarettes as a cessation device were significantly associated with vape shop spending in the regression model (OR= 17.5; 95% CI= (4.3, 70.2) and OR=0.22; 95% CI= (0.06, 0.75), respectively). Spending appears to be significantly associated with e-cigarette use behaviors. Making "sense" of the potential relationships between the dollars spent at vape shops and consumer use behaviors is important as regulations for e-cigarette sales are proposed.

  20. How many cents on the dollar? Women and men in product markets.

    PubMed

    Kricheli-Katz, Tamar; Regev, Tali

    2016-02-01

    Gender inequality in contemporary U.S. society is a well-documented, widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about gender disparities in product markets. This study is the first to use actual market data to study the behavior of women and men as sellers and buyers and differences in market outcomes. We analyze a unique and large data set containing all eBay auction transactions of most popular products by private sellers between the years 2009 and 2012. Women sellers received a smaller number of bids and lower final prices than did equally qualified men sellers of the exact same product. On average, women sellers received about 80 cents for every dollar a man received when selling the identical new product and 97 cents when selling the same used product. These findings held even after controlling for the sentiments that appear in the text of the sellers' listings. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that this gap varied by the type of the product being sold. As a policy, eBay does not reveal the gender of users. We attribute the price differences to the ability of buyers to discern the gender of the seller. We present results from an experiment that shows that people accurately identify the gender of sellers on the basis of typical information provided in postings. We supplement the analysis with an additional off-eBay experiment showing that, in a controlled setting, people are willing to pay less for money-value gift cards when they are sold by women rather than men.

  1. How many cents on the dollar? Women and men in product markets

    PubMed Central

    Kricheli-Katz, Tamar; Regev, Tali

    2016-01-01

    Gender inequality in contemporary U.S. society is a well-documented, widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about gender disparities in product markets. This study is the first to use actual market data to study the behavior of women and men as sellers and buyers and differences in market outcomes. We analyze a unique and large data set containing all eBay auction transactions of most popular products by private sellers between the years 2009 and 2012. Women sellers received a smaller number of bids and lower final prices than did equally qualified men sellers of the exact same product. On average, women sellers received about 80 cents for every dollar a man received when selling the identical new product and 97 cents when selling the same used product. These findings held even after controlling for the sentiments that appear in the text of the sellers’ listings. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that this gap varied by the type of the product being sold. As a policy, eBay does not reveal the gender of users. We attribute the price differences to the ability of buyers to discern the gender of the seller. We present results from an experiment that shows that people accurately identify the gender of sellers on the basis of typical information provided in postings. We supplement the analysis with an additional off-eBay experiment showing that, in a controlled setting, people are willing to pay less for money-value gift cards when they are sold by women rather than men. PMID:26989770

  2. Megacity Green Infrastructure Converts Water into Billions of Dollars in Ecosystem Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Endreny, T. A.; Ulgiati, S.; Santagata, R.

    2016-12-01

    Cities can invest in green infrastructure to purposefully couple water with urban tree growth, thereby generating ecosystem services and supporting human wellbeing as advocated by United Nations sustainable development initiatives. This research estimates the value of tree-based ecosystem services in order to help megacities assess the benefits relative to the costs of such investments. We inventoried tree cover across the metropolitan area of 10 megacities, in 5 continents and biomes, and developed biophysical scaling equations using i-Tree tools to estimate the tree cover value to reductions in air pollution, stormwater, building energy, and carbon emissions. Metropolitan areas ranged from 1173 to 18,720 sq km (median value 2530 sq km), with median tree cover 21%, and potential additional tree cover 19%, of this area. Median tree cover density was 39 m2/capita (compared with global value of 7800 m2/capita), with lower density in desert and tropical biomes, and higher density in temperate biomes. Using water to support trees led to median benefits of 1.2 billion/yr from reductions in CO, NO2, SO2, PM10, and PM2.5, 27 million/yr in avoided stormwater processing by wastewater facilities, 1.2 million/yr in building energy heating and cooling savings, and 20 million/yr in CO2 sequestration. These ecosystem service benefits contributed between 0.1% and 1% of megacity GDP, with a median contribution of 0.3%. Adjustment of benefit value between different city economies considered factors such as purchasing power parity and emergy to money ratio conversions. Green infrastructure costs billions of dollars less than grey infrastructure, and stormwater based grey infrastructure provides fewer benefits. This analysis suggests megacities should invest in tree-based green infrastructure to maintain and increase ecosystem service benefits, manage their water resources, and improve human wellbeing.

  3. Billions of Dollars are Involved in Taxation of the Life Insurance Industry -- Some Corrections in the Law are Needed.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-17

    q D-AIO6 85b GEMERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC PROGRAM ANAL--ETC FIG 5/3 SEP alBILLIONS OF DOLLARS ARE INVOLVED IN TAXATION OF THE LIFE INSURA...STATES 9o ges Iilons ofJollars Are Ipvolved InTaxation Of ThelfeJnsurance industry -ome / Corrections In The’w Arejeededc The income of U.S. life ...insurance companies Y is taxed under a special subchapter of the In- . temal Revenue Code that was enacted in 1959 and tailored to the life insurance

  4. Differences in healthy food supply and stocking practices between small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores

    PubMed Central

    Caspi, Caitlin Eicher; Pelletier, Jennifer E.; Harnack, Lisa; Erikson, Darin J.; Laska, Melissa N.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Little is known about the practices for stocking and procuring healthy food in non-traditional food retailers (e.g., gas-marts, pharmacies). This study aimed to: (i) compare availability of healthy food items across small food store types, and (ii) examine owner/manager perceptions and stocking practices for healthy food across store types. Design Descriptive analyses were conducted among corner/small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies, and dollar stores. Data from store inventories were used to examine availability of 12 healthy food types and an overall healthy food supply score. Interviews with managers assessed stocking practices and profitability. Setting Small stores in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN not participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Subjects 119 small food retailers and 71 store managers Results Availability of specific items varied across store types. Only corner/small grocery stores commonly sold fresh vegetables (63%, versus 8% of food-gas marts, 0% dollar stores, and 23% pharmacies). More than half of managers stocking produce relied on cash and carry practices to stock fresh fruit (53%) and vegetables (55%), instead of direct store delivery. Most healthy foods were perceived by managers to have at least average profitability. Conclusions Interventions to improve healthy food offerings in small stores should consider the diverse environments, stocking practices and supply mechanisms of small stores, particularly non-traditional food retailers. Improvements may require technical support, customer engagement, and innovative distribution practices. PMID:26411535

  5. Differences in healthy food supply and stocking practices between small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores.

    PubMed

    Caspi, Caitlin Eicher; Pelletier, Jennifer E; Harnack, Lisa; Erickson, Darin J; Laska, Melissa N

    2016-02-01

    Little is known about the practices for stocking and procuring healthy food in non-traditional food retailers (e.g., gas-marts, pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) compare availability of healthy food items across small food store types; and (ii) examine owner/manager perceptions and stocking practices for healthy food across store types. Descriptive analyses were conducted among corner/small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores. Data from store inventories were used to examine availability of twelve healthy food types and an overall healthy food supply score. Interviews with managers assessed stocking practices and profitability. Small stores in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN, USA, not participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. One hundred and nineteen small food retailers and seventy-one store managers. Availability of specific items varied across store type. Only corner/small grocery stores commonly sold fresh vegetables (63% v. 8% of gas-marts, 0% of dollar stores and 23% of pharmacies). More than half of managers stocking produce relied on cash-and-carry practices to stock fresh fruit (53%) and vegetables (55%), instead of direct store delivery. Most healthy foods were perceived by managers to have at least average profitability. Interventions to improve healthy food offerings in small stores should consider the diverse environments, stocking practices and supply mechanisms of small stores, particularly non-traditional food retailers. Improvements may require technical support, customer engagement and innovative distribution practices.

  6. Modeling variations in the cedi/dollar exchange rate in Ghana: an autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (ARCH) models.

    PubMed

    Techie Quaicoe, Michael; Twenefour, Frank B K; Baah, Emmanuel M; Nortey, Ezekiel N N

    2015-01-01

    This research article aimed at modeling the variations in the dollar/cedi exchange rate. It examines the applicability of a range of ARCH/GARCH specifications for modeling volatility of the series. The variants considered include the ARMA, GARCH, IGARCH, EGARCH and M-GARCH specifications. The results show that the series was non stationary which resulted from the presence of a unit root in it. The ARMA (1, 1) was found to be the most suitable model for the conditional mean. From the Box-Ljung test statistics x-squared of 1476.338 with p value 0.00217 for squared returns and 16.918 with 0.0153 p values for squared residuals, the null hypothesis of no ARCH effect was rejected at 5% significance level indicating the presence of an ARCH effect in the series. ARMA (1, 1) + GARCH (1, 1) which has all parameters significant was found to be the most suitable model for the conditional mean with conditional variance, thus showing adequacy in describing the conditional mean with variance of the return series at 5% significant level. A 24 months forecast for the mean actual exchange rates and mean returns from January, 2013 to December, 2014 made also showed that the fitted model is appropriate for the data and a depreciating trend of the cedi against the dollar for forecasted period respectively.

  7. Thermal stress in Larvae of the sand dollar (Dendraster excentricus) induces changes in hsp70 gen expression

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olivares-Bañuelos, T.; Garcia-Echauri, L.; Figueroa-Flores, S.; Carpizo-Ituarte, E.

    2010-03-01

    The relationship between temperature and individual performance is reasonably well understood, and much climate-related research has focused on potential shifts in distribution and abundance driven directly by temperature(1). It is known, that global climate change has profound implications for marine ecosystems and the economic and social systems that depend upon them. In virtually all organisms, including equinoderms, cells respond to a variety of stresses, as temperature changes, by the rapid synthesis of a highly conserved set of polypeptides termed heat shock proteins (HSPs) (2). Differential Hsp expression among species may allow functionally important genetic variation to cope with thermal stress and other environmental stressors, allowing populations to respond effectively to environmental change. The aim of the present work was to elucidate the effect of different temperatures on hsp70 expression in larvae of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus. We are interested to understand what is how organisms that live in estuaries respond to global warming. We did thermo tolerance assays whit 3 different larval stages of the sand dollar, including 8 arms plutei, competent and metamorphic larvae. We tested 4 experimental temperatures (4, 20, 26, and 29°C) and 3 different times (1, 3 and 6 hours). After each treatment, total RNA was extracted and used to quantify hsp70 expression levels using real time PCR analysis. We detected, after 6 hours of thermal stress, the highest over-expression levels of hsp70 in both metamorphic and competent larvae. In 8 arms pluetus larvae, no significant differences in hsp70 expression were observed after the exposure to the experimental temperatures. Taking together our results, indicate that larvae of Dendraster excentricus are responding according to their development stage to cope with thermal-stress. The capability of sand dollar larvae to acclimate and respond effectively to the climatic change would be determinated by the sea

  8. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the appropriate historical exchange rate. (d) Pre-1987 section 902 amounts—(1) Translation of pre-1987... corporation beginning before January 1, 1987, shall be translated into dollars at the spot exchange rate on... shall be determined by multiplying the foreign currency amount of such deficit by the spot exchange...

  9. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... historical exchange rate. (d) Pre-1987 section 902 amounts—(1) Translation of pre-1987 section 902... before January 1, 1987, shall be translated into dollars at the spot exchange rate on the first day of... determined by multiplying the foreign currency amount of such deficit by the spot exchange rate on the...

  10. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the appropriate historical exchange rate. (d) Pre-1987 section 902 amounts—(1) Translation of pre-1987... corporation beginning before January 1, 1987, shall be translated into dollars at the spot exchange rate on... shall be determined by multiplying the foreign currency amount of such deficit by the spot exchange...

  11. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the appropriate historical exchange rate. (d) Pre-1987 section 902 amounts—(1) Translation of pre-1987... corporation beginning before January 1, 1987, shall be translated into dollars at the spot exchange rate on... shall be determined by multiplying the foreign currency amount of such deficit by the spot exchange...

  12. How Billion-Dollar Endowments May Change 2 Institutions: Swarthmore Hopes To Preserve Its Elite Status; Penn State Wants To Finance Its Ambitions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pulley, John L.

    2001-01-01

    Contrasts the reactions of Swarthmore College and Pennsylvania State University as the endowments at both institutions topped the billion dollar mark in 2000. Swarthmore uses its endowment to assure that financial need is never considered in admissions decisions, but does not touch the principal. At Pennsylvania State, tuition is more affordable,…

  13. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Burial benefits at the..., Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.43 Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate... this status. (b) Eligibility requirements. VA will pay burial benefits under chapter 23 of title...

  14. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... course of a taxable year, taking into account any contributions or remittances made during the year. See... dollar books and records at the end of the taxpayer's last taxable year beginning before January 1, 1987, after adjusting the books and records according to United States generally accepted accounting and...

  15. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation Estimate) A Appendix A to Part 1215 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS)...

  16. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation Estimate) A Appendix A to Part 1215 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS)...

  17. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation Estimate) A Appendix A to Part 1215 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS)...

  18. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation Estimate) A Appendix A to Part 1215 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS)...

  19. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1215 - Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Estimated Service Rates in 1997 Dollars for TDRSS Standard Services (Based on NASA Escalation Estimate) A Appendix A to Part 1215 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION TRACKING AND DATA RELAY SATELLITE SYSTEM (TDRSS)...

  20. Covered interest parity arbitrage and temporal long-term dependence between the US dollar and the Yen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batten, Jonathan A.; Szilagyi, Peter G.

    2007-03-01

    Using a daily time series from 1983 to 2005 of currency prices in spot and forward USD/Yen markets and matching equivalent maturity short-term US and Japanese interest rates, we investigate the sensitivity of the difference between actual prices in forward markets to those calculated from differentials in short-term interest rates. According to a fundamental theorem in financial economics termed covered interest parity (CIP), the actual and estimated prices should be identical once transaction and other costs are accommodated. The paper presents three important findings: first, we find evidence of considerable variation in CIP deviations from equilibrium; second, these deviations have diminished significantly and by 2000 have been almost eliminated; third, an analysis of the CIP deviations using the local Hurst exponent finds episodes of time-varying dependence over the various sample periods, which appear to be linked to episodes of dollar decline/Yen appreciation, or vice versa. The finding of temporal long-term dependence in CIP deviations is consistent with recent evidence of temporal long-term dependence in the returns of currency, stock and commodity markets.

  1. Rethinking competence in marine life cycles: ontogenetic changes in the settlement response of sand dollar larvae exposed to turbulence

    PubMed Central

    Hodin, Jason; Ferner, Matthew C.; Ng, Gabriel; Lowe, Christopher J.; Gaylord, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Complex life cycles have evolved independently numerous times in marine animals as well as in disparate algae. Such life histories typically involve a dispersive immature stage followed by settlement and metamorphosis to an adult stage on the sea floor. One commonality among animals exhibiting transitions of this type is that their larvae pass through a ‘precompetent’ period in which they do not respond to localized settlement cues, before entering a ‘competent’ period, during which cues can induce settlement. Despite the widespread existence of these two phases, relatively little is known about how larvae transition between them. Moreover, recent studies have blurred the distinction between the phases by demonstrating that fluid turbulence can spark precocious activation of competence. Here, we further investigate this phenomenon by exploring how larval interactions with turbulence change across ontogeny, focusing on offspring of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus (Eschscholtz). Our data indicate that larvae exhibit increased responsiveness to turbulence as they get older. We also demonstrate a likely cost to precocious competence: the resulting juveniles are smaller. Based upon these findings, we outline a new, testable conception of competence that has the potential to reshape our understanding of larval dispersal and connectivity among marine populations. PMID:26543587

  2. The heterotrimeric motor protein kinesin-II localizes to the midpiece and flagellum of sea urchin and sand dollar sperm.

    PubMed

    Henson, J H; Cole, D G; Roesener, C D; Capuano, S; Mendola, R J; Scholey, J M

    1997-01-01

    We have utilized immunoblotting and light microscopic immunofluorescent staining methods to examine the expression and localization of sea urchin kinesin-II, a heterotrimeric plus end-directed microtubule motor protein (previously referred to as KRP(85/95)), in sea urchin and sand dollar sperm. We demonstrate the presence of the 85 K and 115 K subunits of kinesin-II in sperm and localize these proteins to the sperm flagella and midpiece. The kinesin-II localization pattern is punctate and discontinuous, and in the flagella it is quite distinct from the continuous labeling present in sperm labeled with anti-flagellar dynein. The kinesin-II staining is largely insensitive to prefixation detergent extraction, suggesting that it is not associated with membranous elements in the sperm. In the midpiece the kinesin-II staining is similar to the pattern present in sperm labeled with an anti-centrosomal antibody. To our knowledge, this is the first localization of kinesin-like proteins in mature sperm and corroborates the recent identification and localization of kinesin-like proteins in the flagella and basal body of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas. We hypothesize that kinesin-II in the sperm may play functional roles in intraflagellar transport and/or the formation of flagella during spermatogenesis.

  3. Dollars and Sense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teacher Magazine, 2005

    2005-01-01

    For the first time, the push to quantify achievement is starting to cross over to financial matters. Support for teachers themselves, is taking on new meaning in an era of accountability as a handful of states are breaking the longstanding merit-pay taboo by linking raises with student performance. And as standards have made individual teachers…

  4. Managing Chicago's Urban Dollar.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feins, Judith D.

    This booklet is based on a series of discussions and a colloquium held in response to Chicago's need to establish new priorities for society's capitalization and social service needs, which are increasingly in conflict; the public's decreasing confidence in the political, labor, and business leadership of the city; and the inadequate communication…

  5. Hunting for Alumni Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wylie

    2007-01-01

    Fundraising has never been a strong suit for most community colleges. But in recent years, it's become a major focus. Forced to offset a decrease in government funding to help pay for student scholarships, capital improvement projects, and additional personnel to launch new educational programs, community college leaders have been forced to…

  6. Singapore's multibillion dollar gamble

    PubMed Central

    Van Epps, Heather L.

    2006-01-01

    Figure 1Biopolis, Singapore's futuristic research hub.How does a country one-fourth the size of Rhode Island with little history in biomedical science become one of the world's biomedical research giants? The answer: with a pile of money and a large dose of chutzpah. Since 2000, Singapore has dumped more than US$2 billion into developing a biomedical research industry—from scratch. Is the gamble paying off? PMID:16704968

  7. Dollars and Sense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keys, Benjamin J.; Dee, Thomas S.

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses what a Tennessee experiment tells about merit pay. Though the dramatic effects that teachers have on student achievement are indisputable, the exact ingredients of effective teaching are anything but settled. Questions about how to value experience, education, certification, and pedagogical skills---the big four of teacher…

  8. Software Solution Saves Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotter, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses computer software that can give classrooms and computer labs the capabilities of costly PC's at a small fraction of the cost. A growing number of cost-conscious school districts are finding budget relief in low-cost computer software known as "open source" that can do everything from manage school Web sites to equip…

  9. Dollars and Sense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keys, Benjamin J.; Dee, Thomas S.

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses what a Tennessee experiment tells about merit pay. Though the dramatic effects that teachers have on student achievement are indisputable, the exact ingredients of effective teaching are anything but settled. Questions about how to value experience, education, certification, and pedagogical skills---the big four of teacher…

  10. Hunting for Alumni Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wylie

    2007-01-01

    Fundraising has never been a strong suit for most community colleges. But in recent years, it's become a major focus. Forced to offset a decrease in government funding to help pay for student scholarships, capital improvement projects, and additional personnel to launch new educational programs, community college leaders have been forced to…

  11. Dollar$ and Sense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Reginald

    2012-01-01

    When fans of intercollegiate basketball see the month of March approach, they know it's time for the near-marathon round of March Madness when the best of the nation's college basketball teams square off in a battle to the finish for the NCAA Division I championship. It's the month when basketball powerhouses seek to reaffirm their status and…

  12. Dueling for Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington-Lueker, Donna

    1994-01-01

    Direct-mail packages using public education and related issues (test scores, graduation prayer, textbook censorship, condom availability, and sex education programs) have become effective ways for special-interest groups to raise millions in operating funds. Polarizing issues and identifying clear enemies works well in the marketplace but poorly…

  13. Million Dollar School Arson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Harry W.

    1975-01-01

    Arson at a Bellevue, Washington, high school destroyed the learning resource center. Plans are currently underway to install intruder alarms in a number of schools. (Subscription $14.00 yearly, 2639 S. La Cienega Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90034.) (MLF)

  14. Decentralized Dollars and Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBeath, Angus B.

    2001-01-01

    In 1995-96, the Edmonton (Alberta) Public Schools' enterprising superintendent allocated most of the district's central-services funds (about $20 million) to schools. Schools may purchase services and products from the district or outside vendors and commit any amount on building-level program expenditures. Central cost-recovery strategies are…

  15. Saving Energy Dollars Now.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buck, Jim

    1998-01-01

    In many states, electrical energy is moving from being a highly regulated commodity to a competitively priced product with optional associated services. Increased competition should result in lower prices. Schools can stay ahead of the game by initiating an energy-contract review, examining delivery contracts, negotiating rates, examining monthly…

  16. Dollar$ and Sense

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Reginald

    2012-01-01

    When fans of intercollegiate basketball see the month of March approach, they know it's time for the near-marathon round of March Madness when the best of the nation's college basketball teams square off in a battle to the finish for the NCAA Division I championship. It's the month when basketball powerhouses seek to reaffirm their status and…

  17. Software Solution Saves Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotter, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses computer software that can give classrooms and computer labs the capabilities of costly PC's at a small fraction of the cost. A growing number of cost-conscious school districts are finding budget relief in low-cost computer software known as "open source" that can do everything from manage school Web sites to equip…

  18. Managing Public School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Inst. of Certified Public Accountants, New York, NY.

    Although this booklet focuses on methods of accumulating and analyzing management and the financial and statistical data helpful to members of school boards, equal emphasis is placed on meeting the needs of the pupil--making him more self confident, developing his skills, instilling knowledge, and inspiring creativity. It considers changes in the…

  19. Million Dollar School Arson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Harry W.

    1975-01-01

    Arson at a Bellevue, Washington, high school destroyed the learning resource center. Plans are currently underway to install intruder alarms in a number of schools. (Subscription $14.00 yearly, 2639 S. La Cienega Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90034.) (MLF)

  20. Balancing Dollars & Demand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Hanlon, Charlene

    2007-01-01

    When it comes to building and maintaining a cutting-edge infrastructure on a limited budget, nobody knows more about the pain points, challenges, and workarounds than the IT professionals tasked with overseeing campus IT. In a recent roundtable discussion with "Campus Technology" contributing writer Charlene O'Hanlon, four IT…

  1. Getting Your Dollar's Worth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shackell, Wallace K., Jr.

    Designed as a secondary level consumer education text dealing with how to use your money wisely, this booklet makes use of stories, skits, and cartoon drawings to dramatize the everyday life of a consumer. It tells how to buy cars, how to use credit (charge accounts, credit cards, life insurance, credit unions, passbook savings, commercial banks,…

  2. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards with Principal Place of Performance Outside the U.S. by Country and Contractor, FY83.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    000) (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS) CONTRACTOR CITY STATE AGGREGATE ARMY NAVY AIR FORCE DLA OCE MAEDA PACIFIC CORP PEREZ BROS JV GUAM 19,021 19,021...CHARDS CARLOS PANAMA 37 37 ROGERS W A PANAMA 48 48 ROGERS WILLIAM A PANAMA 300 300 SALAS INTERNACIONAL S A PANAMA 490 490 SALAZAR CARLOS PANAMA 39 39...SPAIN 402 402 CANDELA SPILLIS 9 PARTNERS INC SPAIN 206 206 CAPESUR SPAIN 70 70 CARMONA INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICA SPAIN 449 449 CASTRO BRAVO FRANCISCO JAVIER

  3. The CRISPR Conundrum: As Millions of Dollars Flow into Developing the Gene-Editing Tool, Scientists Continue to Discover the Technology's Potential and Pitfalls.

    PubMed

    Bates, Mary

    2016-01-01

    We are in the midst of a CRISPR craze. The last five years have seen the publication of over 1,000 scientific papers, the allocation of millions of research dollars, and the establishment of four start-up companies in the United States alone. Internationally, the genome-editing market, fueled by CRISPR technology, is expected to be worth more than US$3,000 million by 2019.

  4. The Gatekeeper Program: proactive identification and case management of at-risk older adults prevents nursing home placement, saving healthcare dollars program evaluation.

    PubMed

    Barrett, Donna L; Secic, Michelle; Borowske, Debbie

    2010-03-01

    The Gatekeeper Program is an innovative community and hospital partnership focused on prevention of premature nursing home placement. Utilizing trained volunteers, who come into contact with older adults through their everyday jobs, the program provides assistance to over 1600 older adults. Positive program outcomes include reducing emergency department (ED) and hospital admissions and a 14 million dollar savings in healthcare costs related to nursing home placement.

  5. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY84, Part 6, (Magnasync/Moviola Corp-Parker Marine Contracting).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    11111220 11111_L 5 . 1161 ]lllI ’° lh Ŝ MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TESI CHART N10iANAL hR111 I~ A S-7 DOLLAR SUMMARY OF PRIME CONTRACT AWARDS BY...CONTRACTOR, STATE OR COUNTRY, AND PLACE PART 6 AD-A151 648 FISCAL YEAR 1984 JcLI II - , TID MPC91,5 DOG PRIME CONTRACT AWARDS OVCR h𔃿,000 BY CONTRACTOR, STATE

  6. Subsidized then scrutinized. Reform will bring billions of dollars to the industry, but it could also deliver added examination of executive pay.

    PubMed

    Galloro, Vince; Vesely, Rebecca; Zigmond, Jessica

    2010-08-16

    With more government involvement comes more government attention. That's the lesson about executive pay healthcare CEOs could learn as the reform law and its ramifications settle into place. "It's important for the people who are scraping together the dollars to pay their health insurance premiums to know what luxurious lives these CEOs are leading. They're living in a parallel universe", says U.S. Rep. Jan Schakowsky, left.

  7. The Economic Benefits of Personnel Selection Using Ability Tests: A State of the Art Review Including a Detailed Analysis of the Dollar Benefit of U.S. Employment Service Placements and a Critique of the Low-Cutoff Method of Test Use. USES Test Research Report No. 47.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, John E.

    The economic impact of optimal selection using ability tests is far higher than is commonly known. For small organizations, dollar savings from higher productivity can run into millions of dollars a year. This report estimates the potential savings to the Federal Government as an employer as being 15.61 billion dollars per year if tests were given…

  8. Structural Constraints and Earthquake Recurrence Estimates for the West Tahoe-Dollar Point Fault, Lake Tahoe Basin, California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maloney, J. M.; Driscoll, N. W.; Kent, G.; Brothers, D. S.; Baskin, R. L.; Babcock, J. M.; Noble, P. J.; Karlin, R. E.

    2011-12-01

    Previous work in the Lake Tahoe Basin (LTB), California, identified the West Tahoe-Dollar Point Fault (WTDPF) as the most hazardous fault in the region. Onshore and offshore geophysical mapping delineated three segments of the WTDPF extending along the western margin of the LTB. The rupture patterns between the three WTDPF segments remain poorly understood. Fallen Leaf Lake (FLL), Cascade Lake, and Emerald Bay are three sub-basins of the LTB, located south of Lake Tahoe, that provide an opportunity to image primary earthquake deformation along the WTDPF and associated landslide deposits. We present results from recent (June 2011) high-resolution seismic CHIRP surveys in FLL and Cascade Lake, as well as complete multibeam swath bathymetry coverage of FLL. Radiocarbon dates obtained from the new piston cores acquired in FLL provide age constraints on the older FLL slide deposits and build on and complement previous work that dated the most recent event (MRE) in Fallen Leaf Lake at ~4.1-4.5 k.y. BP. The CHIRP data beneath FLL image slide deposits that appear to correlate with contemporaneous slide deposits in Emerald Bay and Lake Tahoe. A major slide imaged in FLL CHIRP data is slightly younger than the Tsoyowata ash (7950-7730 cal yrs BP) identified in sediment cores and appears synchronous with a major Lake Tahoe slide deposit (7890-7190 cal yrs BP). The equivalent age of these slides suggests the penultimate earthquake on the WTDPF may have triggered them. If correct, we postulate a recurrence interval of ~3-4 k.y. These results suggest the FLL segment of the WTDPF is near its seismic recurrence cycle. Additionally, CHIRP profiles acquired in Cascade Lake image the WTDPF for the first time in this sub-basin, which is located near the transition zone between the FLL and Rubicon Point Sections of the WTDPF. We observe two fault-strands trending N45°W across southern Cascade Lake for ~450 m. The strands produce scarps of ~5 m and ~2.7 m, respectively, on the lake

  9. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, County, Contractor, and Place, Fiscal Year 1987. Part 3. Alger, Michigan-Washita, Oklahoma.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    Cawficaton) Dollar sunrary of Prinne Contract Awards by State, County, Contractor, and Place, FY 87. Part 3 ( Alger , Michigan-Washita, Oklahoma) 12. PERSONAL...Z6.0c 4z c= --s -’ o4 2 ~ ~ ~ z C tL "CC.))wz uw 04)=m XI CC 0 *a a ) CC C 44 444) 1 0C MsggC Ox -A z OC OC.CU - C - - - - - 04 4 o o C-ww4).E<<< 4...40 44 N 1c m Jc 4wt . .. J - I SI4 4 x I-L -- - N 0 Io.c c Imw w I- I 1> I >1 01 004 m~ tl C)U) U) 001 ) N 00 5z. U 00 xw 3 N 4 01 .4N C) N 44 :1 00 OW

  10. Department of Education's Student Loan Programs: Are Tax Dollars at Risk? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This hearing was held to consider whether the student loan programs of the Department of Education place tax dollars at risk. In his opening remarks, Representative John L. Mica (Florida) pointed out that for nearly 10 years, the U.S. General Accounting Office has labeled these programs as a high risk for fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement. In…

  11. Performance as Promised: How the Chandra X-ray Observatory Accomplished One of Nasa's Most Challenging Missions for Billions of Dollars Less than Originally Planned

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davidson, Greg; Hefner, Keith

    2004-01-01

    As the nation looks toward bold new ventures in space, the Chandra X-ray Observatory program offers an example of how billion-dollar missions can be successfully developed within tightening fiscal constraints. Chandra experienced many of challenges facing bold space programs (state-of-the-art technical requirements and budget-induced slips and restructurings), and yet the Chandra team achieved nearly all the originally envisioned performance for dramatically lower cost. This was accomplished by a combination of team- work, systems engineering, advanced technology insertion, and effective approaches for program implementation. A thorough tradeoff of science utility vs. cost led to the selection of a highly elliptical orbit with uncrewed robotic delivery, deployment, and maintenance. Progressive, focused technology demonstrations were accomplished prior to commitment of major resources to critical elements of the system design, such as the high resolution mirror assembly (HRMA). Pathfinder hardware was developed to reduce risks. A variety of schedule risk reduction measures were implemented and resulted in the X-ray calibration taking place exactly within five days of its originally planned date after after five years of development. The team worked together in an effective manner to contain requirements creep. reductions such as the ACIS-2 chip device. It is estimated that the above combination of measures achieved the avoidance of over $4B in costs, while enabling a highly successful mission.

  12. Endogenous thyroid hormone synthesis in facultative planktotrophic larvae of the sand dollar Clypeaster rosaceus: implications for the evolutionary loss of larval feeding

    PubMed Central

    Heyland, Andreas; Reitzel, Adam M.; Price, David A.; Moroz, Leonid L.

    2014-01-01

    SUMMARY Critical roles of hormones in metamorphic life history transitions are well documented in amphibians, lampreys, insects, and many plant species. Recent evidence suggests that thyroid hormones (TH) or TH-like compounds can regulate development to metamorphosis in echinoids (sea urchins, sand dollars, and their relatives). Moreover, previous research has provided evidence for endogenous hormone synthesis in both feeding and nonfeeding echinoderm larvae. However, the mechanisms for endogenous synthesis remain largely unknown. Here, we show that facultatively planktotrophic larvae (larvae that reach metamorphosis in the absence of food but have the ability to feed) from the subtropical sea biscuit Clypeaster rosaceus can synthesize thyroxine endogenously from incorporated iodine (I125). When treated with the goitrogen thiourea (a peroxidase inhibitor), iodine incorporation, thyroxine synthesis, and metamorphosis are all blocked in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect on metamorphosis can be rescued by administration of exogenous thyroxine. Finally, we demonstrate that thiourea induces morphological changes in feeding structures comparable to the phenotypic plastic response of larval structures to low food conditions, further supporting a signaling role of thyroxine in regulating larval morphogenesis and phenotypic plasticity. We conclude that upregulation of endogenous hormone synthesis might have been associated with the evolution of nonfeeding development, subsequently leading to morphological changes characteristic of nonfeeding development. PMID:17073939

  13. Your Travel Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This illustrated guide was designed to familiarize consumers with planning a vacation trip, whether domestic or abroad. The guide covers setting up a budget; package tours; cruises and charter flights; travel agencies and clubs; and arranging stays in hotels/motels, rental condominiums, bed-and-breakfasts, hostels, campsites, and private…

  14. Dollars to the Classroom Act

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Pitts, Joseph R. [R-PA-16

    2010-02-04

    02/23/2010 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  15. Mining Surveillance and Maintenance Dollars

    SciTech Connect

    MARTINEZ, R.

    2000-02-01

    Accelerating site cleanup to reduce facility risks to the workers, the public and the environment during a time of declining federal budgets represents a significant technical and economic challenge to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Operations Offices and their respective contractors. A significant portion of a facility's recurring annual expenses are associated with routine, long-term surveillance and maintenance (S&M) activities. However, ongoing S&M activities do nothing to reduce risks and basically spend money that could be reallocated towards facility deactivation. This paper discusses the background around DOE efforts to reduce surveillance and maintenance costs, one approach used to perform cost reviews, lessons learned from field implementation and what assistance is available to assist DOE sites in performing these evaluations.

  16. Dollars to the Classroom Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Pitts, Joseph R. [R-PA-16

    2012-01-17

    03/29/2012 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  17. New Material Saves School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Business Affairs, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Hobbs Window Insulation, an inexpensive polyester material, can reduce heat loss or gain through single-pane glass by 70 percent. The product is translucent, has an insulative value of R-3, and is easy to install and remove. (MCG)

  18. Your Food Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on food buying power, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers information on developing a shopping list, deciding where to shop, selecting the best buys, and reading food labels. Section 1 on…

  19. Should Tax Dollars Subsidize Bigotry?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doerr, Edd; Menendez, Albert J.

    1992-01-01

    If educational voucher plans become reality, U.S. taxpayers will find themselves supporting indoctrination and bigotry in at least some parochial school classrooms. The Catholic Church, the Episcopal Church, Quakers, Mormons, many great U.S. writers, African Americans, Native Americans, and the United Nations are disparaged or found to be…

  20. Dialing for Dollars: Telecommunication Pays.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Sherry

    1999-01-01

    Advances in telecommunications and provision of telecommunications services to college students can increase institutional revenue, improve campus and educational services, and aid in student retention. Colleges and universities have used creative financing to fund initial telecommunications investments and upgrades. Cash flow through student…

  1. School Site Decisions and Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grube, Karl W.

    Three papers, each with an extensive bibliography, advance arguments concerning (1) the school site as a public land resource, (2) school board policy as related to economic alternatives for open space school site planning, and (3) the establishment of outdoor classrooms on school sites as public policy. In the first paper, the author contends…

  2. New Material Saves School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Business Affairs, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Hobbs Window Insulation, an inexpensive polyester material, can reduce heat loss or gain through single-pane glass by 70 percent. The product is translucent, has an insulative value of R-3, and is easy to install and remove. (MCG)

  3. SPECTROSCOPY OF {dollar}J/{bsol}PSI{dollar} AND {dollar}{bsol}PSI{bsol}SP{bsol}PRIME{dollar} CHARMONIUM RESONANCES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginsburg, Camille Maire

    Charmonium resonances J/psi and psi^' have been studied by their formation in pp annihilation and their decay into electromagnetic final states. Measurements of the total widths of J/psi and psi^', some of their branching ratios, and helicity parameters for their formation in pp annihilation have been made. Cross sections for the continuum production of e^+e^ - in pp annihilations, which lead to proton form factors in the time-like momentum transfer region, have also been measured.

  4. Good Sense With Our Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Sarah

    A booklet for limited English speakers on money management provides information on savings accounts, checking accounts, choosing a bank, and the basics of budgeting. Cartoons, questions about the message in cartoons and narrative passages, checklists on things to consider, and the phonetic pronunciation of key words are presented. Specific topics…

  5. Your Food Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on food buying power, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers information on developing a shopping list, deciding where to shop, selecting the best buys, and reading food labels. Section 1 on…

  6. Electrophoresis for Under Five Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumetta, Vincent J.; Doktycz, Mitchel J.

    1994-01-01

    Equipped with a little more than batteries, food-dye, and sieving media, teachers can demonstrate an essential process used in biochemical research. An activity is provided to aid in helping students to understand electrophoresis. (ZWH)

  7. Your Insurance Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet provides some practical guidelines for determining total insurance needs, examining options, and comparing costs. It discusses how to fit insurance costs into an overall financial plan, the necessity of adequate liability coverage, and the importance of keeping policies up to date. The next four sections highlight the basic types of…

  8. Dialing for Dollars: Telecommunication Pays.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Sherry

    1999-01-01

    Advances in telecommunications and provision of telecommunications services to college students can increase institutional revenue, improve campus and educational services, and aid in student retention. Colleges and universities have used creative financing to fund initial telecommunications investments and upgrades. Cash flow through student…

  9. Your Travel Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This illustrated guide was designed to familiarize consumers with planning a vacation trip, whether domestic or abroad. The guide covers setting up a budget; package tours; cruises and charter flights; travel agencies and clubs; and arranging stays in hotels/motels, rental condominiums, bed-and-breakfasts, hostels, campsites, and private…

  10. Your Insurance Dollar. Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet provides some practical guidelines for determining total insurance needs, examining options, and comparing costs. It discusses how to fit insurance costs into an overall financial plan, the necessity of adequate liability coverage, and the importance of keeping policies up to date. The next four sections highlight the basic types of…

  11. Dollars to the Classroom Act

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Pitts, Joseph R. [R-PA-16

    2010-02-04

    House - 02/23/2010 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  12. Dollars to the Classroom Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Pitts, Joseph R. [R-PA-16

    2012-01-17

    House - 03/29/2012 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  13. Should Tax Dollars Subsidize Bigotry?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doerr, Edd; Menendez, Albert J.

    1992-01-01

    If educational voucher plans become reality, U.S. taxpayers will find themselves supporting indoctrination and bigotry in at least some parochial school classrooms. The Catholic Church, the Episcopal Church, Quakers, Mormons, many great U.S. writers, African Americans, Native Americans, and the United Nations are disparaged or found to be…

  14. Good Sense With Our Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Sarah

    A booklet for limited English speakers on money management provides information on savings accounts, checking accounts, choosing a bank, and the basics of budgeting. Cartoons, questions about the message in cartoons and narrative passages, checklists on things to consider, and the phonetic pronunciation of key words are presented. Specific topics…

  15. The Four Billion Dollar Lunch

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sautter, R. Craig

    1978-01-01

    Discusses problems with the National School Lunch Program, including the high proportion of food thrown away by students, problems with food preparation, nutritional standards, and competition from junk foods. Suggestions for nutrition education are offered and organizations and books for further reference are listed. (JMB)

  16. A Five Dollar Physics Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, David

    1973-01-01

    Describes the construction of a simple apparatus capable of converting solar energy into mechanical energy. Construction of the engine'' is inexpensive, and should stimulate student interest in the idea of producing power directly from the sun. (JR)

  17. Infopreneurs: Turn Data into Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weitzen, H. Skip

    1989-01-01

    Describes seven activities that offer opportunities for entrepreneurs working with information: leveraging database information; customizing information; facilitating access to information; speeding up the flow of information; repackaging information; providing around the clock delivery; and integrating computer, telephone, and electronic funds…

  18. A method for examining the geospatial distribution of CO2 storage resources applied to the Pre-Punta Gorda Composite and Dollar Bay reservoirs of the South Florida Basin, U.S.A

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Roberts-Ashby, Tina; Brandon N. Ashby,

    2016-01-01

    This paper demonstrates geospatial modification of the USGS methodology for assessing geologic CO2 storage resources, and was applied to the Pre-Punta Gorda Composite and Dollar Bay reservoirs of the South Florida Basin. The study provides detailed evaluation of porous intervals within these reservoirs and utilizes GIS to evaluate the potential spatial distribution of reservoir parameters and volume of CO2 that can be stored. This study also shows that incorporating spatial variation of parameters using detailed and robust datasets may improve estimates of storage resources when compared to applying uniform values across the study area derived from small datasets, like many assessment methodologies. Geospatially derived estimates of storage resources presented here (Pre-Punta Gorda Composite = 105,570 MtCO2; Dollar Bay = 24,760 MtCO2) were greater than previous assessments, which was largely attributed to the fact that detailed evaluation of these reservoirs resulted in higher estimates of porosity and net-porous thickness, and areas of high porosity and thick net-porous intervals were incorporated into the model, likely increasing the calculated volume of storage space available for CO2 sequestration. The geospatial method for evaluating CO2 storage resources also provides the ability to identify areas that potentially contain higher volumes of storage resources, as well as areas that might be less favorable.

  19. Head Start: Ensuring Dollars Benefit the Children. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education and Early Childhood Development of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (April 5, 2005). Senate Hearing 109-119

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Senate, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In his opening statement, Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN), chairman, Subcommittee on Education and Early Childhood Development, stated that one responsibility of Congress is to ensure that taxpayer dollars are being spent for the purposes intended and for the children intended. Between January 2003 and the first months of this year, there were…

  20. Concrete Durability: A Multibillion-Dollar Opportunity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    Fum -Containing Products 79 MDF Materials 85 Fiber-Reinforced Materials 85 Modified - Sulfur Concretes 87 References 88 APPENDIX: BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES...construction. MODIFIED - SULFUR CONCRETES Molten sulfur-sand grouts have been used for many years in the constructLin of acid vats because of their

  1. Your Housing Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on housing, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook shows how to determine housing needs and analyze housing costs, whether one rents, buys, or builds a home. The first five sections briefly…

  2. Sustainable business makes dollars and sense.

    PubMed Central

    Fields, Scott

    2002-01-01

    The last decade has marked a radical change in the business of sustainability, say environmental activists and industrialists alike. On the wane are "greenwashing" campaigns in which corporations promote dubious environmental accomplishments to draw attention away from environmentally damaging practices. On the rise are corporate investments in sustainability programs, new types of environmental markets, and public demand for green products and investments. Once an afterthought, an annoyance, or a nonentity, sustainability is now often a focal point for businesses. No longer thought of as a business cost, environmentally benign practices are now viewed as a competitive advantage as companies seek to win both stockholders and customers. PMID:11882490

  3. 5 Smart Investments for Your Tech Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demski, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    A downturn in the economic climate and an upturn in the technological climate might be higher education IT's "perfect storm." The confluence of budget cuts with the increased reliance on technology in almost all disciplines and administrative areas has put enormous pressure on campus IT leaders to pinpoint and fund tech services that achieve…

  4. Measuring the Dollar Value of Volunteering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ironmonger, Duncan

    1998-01-01

    Describes the use of sample surveys to estimate the amount of time spent volunteering. States that it is necessary to estimate the number of hours involved and to establish an appropriate value per hour. (SK)

  5. Team B: The trillion dollar experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Cahn, A.H.; Prados, J.

    1993-04-01

    Team B was an experiment in competetive threat assessments approved by the director of the CIA at that time, George Bush. Teams of experts were to make independent assessments of highly classified data used by the intelligence community to assess Soviet strategic forces in the yearly National Intelligence Estimates. In this article, two experts report on how a group of Cold War outside experts were invited to second-guess the policies of the CIA. The question explored here is whether or not these outside experts of the 1970s contributed to the military buildup of the 1980s.

  6. Reducing Federal Energy Dollars Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Carper, Thomas R. [D-DE

    2011-05-12

    06/09/2011 Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 112-273. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. A Million Dollars Worth of Growth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, James

    1976-01-01

    The growth of the Dalton, Georgia, park and recreation system is attributable to a continuing spirit of harmony among elected officials, lay contributors, community groups, and professional recreation and park personnel. (SK)

  8. End-Users: Dollars but Doubts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Stephen E.

    1989-01-01

    Identifies existing categories of end users of online information retrieval systems, discusses problems that have been encountered by information providers and customers, and suggests strategies for capturing new end-user markets. Issues discussed include user cordial interfaces, CD-ROM products, ethics involved in information provision, and…

  9. A CCD Spectrometer for One Dollar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beaver, J.; Robert, D.

    2011-09-01

    We describe preliminary tests on a very low-cost system for obtaining stellar spectra for instructional use in an introductory astronomy laboratory. CCD imaging with small telescopes is now commonplace and relatively inexpensive. Giving students direct experience taking stellar spectra, however, is much more difficult, and the equipment can easily be out of reach for smaller institutions, especially if one wants to give the experience to large numbers of students. We have performed preliminary tests on an extremely low-cost (about $1.00) objective grating that can be coupled with an existing CCD camera or commercial digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera and a small telescope typical of introductory astronomy labs. With this equipment we believe it is possible for introductory astronomy students to take stellar spectra that are of high enough quality to distinguish between many MK spectral classes, or to determine standard B and V magnitudes. We present observational tests of this objective grating used on an 8" Schmidt-Cassegrain with a low-end, consumer DSLR camera. Some low-cost strategies for reducing the raw data are compared, with an eye toward projects ranging from individual undergraduate research projects to use by many students in a non-majors introductory astronomy lab. Toward this end we compare various trade offs between complexity of the observing and data reduction processes and the usefulness of the final results. We also describe some undergraduate astronomy education projects that this system could potentially be used for. Some of these projects could involve data-sharing collaborations between students at different institutions.

  10. How Military Personnel Can Stretch Their Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forrest, Ernest E., Jr.

    The paper deals with the need for personal finance training in the service. Through the media of a survey conducted at the USAWC and CGSC, it was determined that personal finance training was highly desired by respondents, that the median knowledge level of personal finance subjects was very low, and that most of the respondents could improve…

  11. Making Sense of Dollars and Cents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorenson, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Principals must devote a vast amount of time and energy to campus funding and budgetary issues because budgeting and accounting procedures are an integral part of an effective instructional program. In fact, a principal's role in the budgetary process significantly impacts both budget development and instructional planning. Principals who fail to…

  12. Your Clothing Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on clothing, 1 in a series of 12 covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook gives wardrobe planning, buying, and care information. The first three sections consider the functions of clothing, the importance of…

  13. Stretch Your PC Dollars--Buy Clones.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    True, John

    1986-01-01

    Relates how the story of how San Francisco State University evaluated IBM PC look-alikes, considered some of the risks involved, and decided to purchase over 100 of them. Questions of compatibility, vendor longevity, support, and other risk management issues are discussed. (Author/MLW)

  14. Stretch Your PC Dollars--Buy Clones.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    True, John

    1986-01-01

    Relates how the story of how San Francisco State University evaluated IBM PC look-alikes, considered some of the risks involved, and decided to purchase over 100 of them. Questions of compatibility, vendor longevity, support, and other risk management issues are discussed. (Author/MLW)

  15. Ten-dollar thermal infrared imager

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hobbs, Philip C. D.

    2001-12-01

    A thermal infrared imager of competitive sensitivity and very simple construction is presented. It is a pyroelectric device of 96 pixels, based on ferroelectric polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF). It uses a novel charge-dispensing multiplexer based on ordinary light emitting diodes to achieve a noise-equivalent temperature change (NETD) of 0.13 K at a 5 Hz frame rate (2.1 Hz BW). Design information, theory, and measured performance are presented. Achieving such a low total system cost requires the use of the very least expensive optical system, a moulded polyethylene Fresnel lens, whose advantages and limitations are discussed. Several possible improvements, aggregating approximately 30 dB in sensitivity are also discussed, leading to the interesting possibility of few-millikelvin NETD values with an uncooled pyroelectric device of extremely low cost.

  16. Your Housing Dollar. Money Management. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet is designed to help individuals make housing decisions in an informed, rational manner. It is suitable for personal use by adults or for classroom use in junior high through adult home economics or consumer education classes. After helping the reader determine needs and wants and how much money is available for housing, the booklet…

  17. Your Equipment Dollar, [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on household equipment, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers information to help buyers purchase household equipment that is within their budget. Section 1 discusses managing equipment…

  18. Stretching Energy Dollars for Healthy Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angerame, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    When financial savings are critical to every institution, facility managers demand even more from their energy systems while looking to spend less. One way to achieve significant energy savings and healthy schools without making a substantial capital investment is through energy monitoring and chiller plant optimization. The greatest energy…

  19. SQA on five dollars a day

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    This report discusses the following topics: Software safety and reliability issues in safety-related systems; software use control assessment; Testing: Beyond theory; Software process improvement: Formalized unit testing; Software defect analysis for a nuclear weapons application; Function point analysis for estimation of software development schedules; SEI maturity in the Work for Other Program; SSEC SEI experiences; Planning for a Software Engineering Institute (SEI) assessment; Software process improvement, metrics; Software engineering technology plank: Building quality in; Software quality assurance at Y-12; Total quality and SQA at the Kansas City plant; The Software Technology Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Software engineering technology transfer in a scientific R&D laboratory; and Institutionalizing the information engineering environment: A practitioner`s perspective.

  20. Penny-Wise, Dollar-Foolish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, C. W.

    1979-01-01

    A veteran energy author discusses the economic deterrents to energy-conservation design measures inherent in the present tax laws, and proposes a standard energy tax reduction as a potential solution. (Author)

  1. School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Many districts continue to face budget challenges of historic proportions. Decisions made in the coming months will carry significant repercussions for years to come. The path of least resistance is to slash budgets in ways that erode schooling. In this scenario, important reforms are left behind, overall services are diminished, innovations are…

  2. Stretching Your Food Dollar: A Learning Module.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monroe, Sarah D.; And Others

    This manual is designed to assist those helping professionals responsible for developing consumer education programs for older adults on the topic of food purchasing and costs. In a modular presentation format, the materials focus on the follwing areas of concern: (1) information on food buying; (2) planning the food budget; (3) shopping for good…

  3. Million Dollar Busing: Saving Money through Privatization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crates, Cheryl

    2009-01-01

    The economic crisis has had--and will continue to have--a dramatic effect on tax revenue and education spending throughout the United States and beyond. Yet children still show up for school every day in need of an education. In times like these, educators and school business managers must be as committed as ever to providing it. The economic…

  4. Stretching Your Tax Dollar in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Hugh B.

    If we are to reduce wastage in higher education, we must first understand, and then combat some practices found in educational institutions. Specifically, we must discourage: over-staffing, power politics, and statistical juggling. Each institution of higher learning, each community, each state, should examine objectively the possibilities of…

  5. End-Users: Dreams or Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Stephen E.

    1987-01-01

    Examines strategies for marketing online searching to new users, discusses reasons why people become online searchers, and presents data on the business information market. The pricing issue and special librarians as a market segment are also considered. (EM)

  6. BOTOX and our tax dollars at work

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    This seminar is intended for Masters level graduate students in biology at the University of the Pacific. Topics of the seminar will include information on USDA-ARS research at the Albany location and general background on botulism and neurotoxin biology. In addition, the following FCR unit botulinu...

  7. Informed Purchasing Can Stretch Short Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, John B.; Miller, Kathryn Madera

    1979-01-01

    Provides purchasing tips for programs on a tight budget. Topics include writing specifications for the merchandise needed, finding and developing sources (vendors), receiving and analyzing bids, writing purchase orders, and receiving merchandise. (CM)

  8. 5 Smart Investments for Your Tech Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demski, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    A downturn in the economic climate and an upturn in the technological climate might be higher education IT's "perfect storm." The confluence of budget cuts with the increased reliance on technology in almost all disciplines and administrative areas has put enormous pressure on campus IT leaders to pinpoint and fund tech services that achieve…

  9. Shopping for Dollars? Try This List!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiGeronimo, Joseph

    1991-01-01

    A California school superintendent presents clever savings tips, including boosting average daily attendance, sparing new hires, bird dogging insurance interest, disposing of surplus school property, recruiting students attending nonpublic schools, creating more classroom space, contracting for part-time help, reducing vandalism, marketing staff…

  10. Making Sense of Dollars and Cents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorenson, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Principals must devote a vast amount of time and energy to campus funding and budgetary issues because budgeting and accounting procedures are an integral part of an effective instructional program. In fact, a principal's role in the budgetary process significantly impacts both budget development and instructional planning. Principals who fail to…

  11. The High Cost of Saving Energy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Patricia

    1985-01-01

    In alternative financing a private company provides the capital and expertise for improving school energy efficiency. Savings are split between the school system and the company. Options for municipal leasing, cost sharing, and shared savings are explained along with financial, procedural, and legal considerations. (MLF)

  12. Let the Dollars Follow the Child

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehurst, Grover J.

    2012-01-01

    Washington is at a crossroads on K-12 education policy. Policymakers can (1) continue down the path of top-down accountability; (2) devolve power to states and districts, thereby returning to the status quo of the mid-1990s; or (3) rethink the fundamentals, do something different, and empower parental choice. This article discusses how the federal…

  13. Custodial Training Makes Sense and Saves Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, David

    2002-01-01

    Explains that due to the complexity of today's custodial work, extensive education and training is required. This includes basic commercial/industrial cleaning techniques; hygiene procedures; asbestos awareness; management, scheduling, and budgeting; chemical usage; and calculating operations efficiency. Details the in-depth custodial training of…

  14. Reducing Federal Energy Dollars Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Carper, Thomas R. [D-DE

    2011-05-12

    06/09/2011 Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 112-273. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  15. Saving Educational Dollars through Quality Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvir, Howard P.

    This document is a collection of working papers written to meet the specific needs of teachers who are starting to think about and write performance objectives. It emphasizes qualitative objectives as opposed to quantitative classroom goals. The author describes quality objectives as marked by their clarity, accessibility, accountability, and…

  16. Stretching Energy Dollars for Healthy Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angerame, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    When financial savings are critical to every institution, facility managers demand even more from their energy systems while looking to spend less. One way to achieve significant energy savings and healthy schools without making a substantial capital investment is through energy monitoring and chiller plant optimization. The greatest energy…

  17. Dollars & Sense: Students' Integer Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitacre, Ian; Bishop, Jessica Pierson; Philipp, Randolph A.; Lamb, Lisa L.; Schappelle, Bonnie P.

    2014-01-01

    A story problem about borrowing money, presented in this article, may be represented with positive or negative numbers and thought about in different ways. The authors describe ideas related to integers (both positive and negative) and how students used them in relation to a story problem, and how they related these ideas to equations.

  18. Save Energy, Save Dollars. Information Bulletin 125.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Human Ecology at Cornell Univ.

    This cooperative extension publication from Cornell University is a guide for energy conservation in homes, apartments, and transportation. Written in non-technical language, this guide provides the layperson with information about weatherization, home appliance use, recreation and transportation practices to conserve energy and, thus, save money.…

  19. Dollars & Sense: Students' Integer Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitacre, Ian; Bishop, Jessica Pierson; Philipp, Randolph A.; Lamb, Lisa L.; Schappelle, Bonnie P.

    2014-01-01

    A story problem about borrowing money, presented in this article, may be represented with positive or negative numbers and thought about in different ways. The authors describe ideas related to integers (both positive and negative) and how students used them in relation to a story problem, and how they related these ideas to equations.

  20. Review Every Dollar Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Chaffetz, Jason [R-UT-3

    2013-05-08

    House - 06/14/2013 Referred to the Subcommittee on Regulatory Reform, Commercial And Antitrust Law. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  1. Uranium in Canada: A billion dollar industry

    SciTech Connect

    Ruzicka, V. )

    1989-12-01

    In 1988, Canada maintained its position as the world's leading producer of uranium with an output of more than 12,400 MT of uranium in concentrates, worth $1.1 billion Canadian. As domestic requirements represent only 15% of current Canadian production, most of the output was exported. With current implementation of the Canada/US Free Trade Agreement, the US has become Canada's major uranium export customer. With a large share of the world's known uranium resources, Canada remains the focus of international uranium exploration activity. In 1988, the uranium exploration expenditures in Canada exceeded $58 million Canadian. The principal exploration targets were deposits associated with Proterozoic unconformities in Saskatchewan and Northwest Territories, particularly those in the Athabasca and Thelon basin regions of the Canadian Shield. Major attention was also paid to polymetallic deposits in which uranium is associated with precious metals, such as gold and platinum group elements. Conceptual genetic models for these deposit types represent useful tools to guide exploration.

  2. Cloud Network Helps Stretch IT Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Hilton

    2012-01-01

    No matter how many car washes or bake sales schools host to raise money, adding funds to their coffers is a recurring problem. This perpetual financial difficulty makes expansive technology purchases or changes seem like a pipe dream for school CIOs and has education technologists searching for ways to stretch money. In 2005, state K-12 school…

  3. School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Many districts continue to face budget challenges of historic proportions. Decisions made in the coming months will carry significant repercussions for years to come. The path of least resistance is to slash budgets in ways that erode schooling. In this scenario, important reforms are left behind, overall services are diminished, innovations are…

  4. The High Cost of Saving Energy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Patricia

    1985-01-01

    In alternative financing a private company provides the capital and expertise for improving school energy efficiency. Savings are split between the school system and the company. Options for municipal leasing, cost sharing, and shared savings are explained along with financial, procedural, and legal considerations. (MLF)

  5. Conserving large carnivores: dollars and fence.

    PubMed

    Packer, C; Loveridge, A; Canney, S; Caro, T; Garnett, S T; Pfeifer, M; Zander, K K; Swanson, A; Macnulty, D; Balme, G; Bauer, H; Begg, C M; Begg, K S; Bhalla, S; Bissett, C; Bodasing, T; Brink, H; Burger, A; Burton, A C; Clegg, B; Dell, S; Delsink, A; Dickerson, T; Dloniak, S M; Druce, D; Frank, L; Funston, P; Gichohi, N; Groom, R; Hanekom, C; Heath, B; Hunter, L; Deiongh, H H; Joubert, C J; Kasiki, S M; Kissui, B; Knocker, W; Leathem, B; Lindsey, P A; Maclennan, S D; McNutt, J W; Miller, S M; Naylor, S; Nel, P; Ng'weno, C; Nicholls, K; Ogutu, J O; Okot-Omoya, E; Patterson, B D; Plumptre, A; Salerno, J; Skinner, K; Slotow, R; Sogbohossou, E A; Stratford, K J; Winterbach, C; Winterbach, H; Polasky, S

    2013-05-01

    Conservationists often advocate for landscape approaches to wildlife management while others argue for physical separation between protected species and human communities, but direct empirical comparisons of these alternatives are scarce. We relate African lion population densities and population trends to contrasting management practices across 42 sites in 11 countries. Lion populations in fenced reserves are significantly closer to their estimated carrying capacities than unfenced populations. Whereas fenced reserves can maintain lions at 80% of their potential densities on annual management budgets of $500 km(-2) , unfenced populations require budgets in excess of $2000 km(-2) to attain half their potential densities. Lions in fenced reserves are primarily limited by density dependence, but lions in unfenced reserves are highly sensitive to human population densities in surrounding communities, and unfenced populations are frequently subjected to density-independent factors. Nearly half the unfenced lion populations may decline to near extinction over the next 20-40 years. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS.

  6. Your Clothing Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on clothing, 1 in a series of 12 covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook gives wardrobe planning, buying, and care information. The first three sections consider the functions of clothing, the importance of…

  7. Cloud Network Helps Stretch IT Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Hilton

    2012-01-01

    No matter how many car washes or bake sales schools host to raise money, adding funds to their coffers is a recurring problem. This perpetual financial difficulty makes expansive technology purchases or changes seem like a pipe dream for school CIOs and has education technologists searching for ways to stretch money. In 2005, state K-12 school…

  8. Custodial Training Makes Sense and Saves Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, David

    2002-01-01

    Explains that due to the complexity of today's custodial work, extensive education and training is required. This includes basic commercial/industrial cleaning techniques; hygiene procedures; asbestos awareness; management, scheduling, and budgeting; chemical usage; and calculating operations efficiency. Details the in-depth custodial training of…

  9. Let the Dollars Follow the Child

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehurst, Grover J.

    2012-01-01

    Washington is at a crossroads on K-12 education policy. Policymakers can (1) continue down the path of top-down accountability; (2) devolve power to states and districts, thereby returning to the status quo of the mid-1990s; or (3) rethink the fundamentals, do something different, and empower parental choice. This article discusses how the federal…

  10. Reducing Federal Energy Dollars Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Carper, Thomas R. [D-DE

    2011-05-12

    Senate - 06/09/2011 Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 112-273. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  11. Save Energy, Save Dollars. Information Bulletin 125.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Human Ecology at Cornell Univ.

    This cooperative extension publication from Cornell University is a guide for energy conservation in homes, apartments, and transportation. Written in non-technical language, this guide provides the layperson with information about weatherization, home appliance use, recreation and transportation practices to conserve energy and, thus, save money.…

  12. Your Equipment Dollar, [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on household equipment, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook offers information to help buyers purchase household equipment that is within their budget. Section 1 discusses managing equipment…

  13. Your Shopping Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on shopping, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook tells how to plan spending, develop shopping skills, and handle consumer problems effectively. Section 1 on consumers and the economy overviews…

  14. Your Shopping Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on shopping, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook tells how to plan spending, develop shopping skills, and handle consumer problems effectively. Section 1 on consumers and the economy overviews…

  15. Your Recreation Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on recreation, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook suggests ways to plan recreation expenses for special activities, equipment, and vacation travel. Section 1 looks at the need for recreation…

  16. Sustainable business makes dollars and sense.

    PubMed

    Fields, Scott

    2002-03-01

    The last decade has marked a radical change in the business of sustainability, say environmental activists and industrialists alike. On the wane are "greenwashing" campaigns in which corporations promote dubious environmental accomplishments to draw attention away from environmentally damaging practices. On the rise are corporate investments in sustainability programs, new types of environmental markets, and public demand for green products and investments. Once an afterthought, an annoyance, or a nonentity, sustainability is now often a focal point for businesses. No longer thought of as a business cost, environmentally benign practices are now viewed as a competitive advantage as companies seek to win both stockholders and customers.

  17. How Military Personnel Can Stretch Their Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forrest, Ernest E., Jr.

    The paper deals with the need for personal finance training in the service. Through the media of a survey conducted at the USAWC and CGSC, it was determined that personal finance training was highly desired by respondents, that the median knowledge level of personal finance subjects was very low, and that most of the respondents could improve…

  18. Isn't It Time to Turn Insurance Dollars Into Instructional Dollars?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Richard, Jr.

    1976-01-01

    Discusses the financial advantages of insuring school property through nonprofit state insurance programs, rather than through commercial insurance companies. Summarizes experiences with existing state insurance programs in the states of South Carolina, North Dakota, Alabama, North Carolina, and Wisconsin. (JG)

  19. School Site Decisions and Dollars. Dollar Consequences of School Site Planning Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grube, Karl W.

    Sufficient research has been generated to economically justify the necessary capital investment expenditures in developing the public school site into a community land asset. Open space school sites designed, developed, and maintained as community land reserves are self-liquidating economic land units because they contribute significantly to the…

  20. Strategies for Grant Writing that Turn Plans into Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nutt, Pam

    2001-01-01

    Explains how school library media specialists can write grants to help fund library projects. Highlights include having specific needs and specific programs in mind; catchy names; brief summaries; statement of need and specific objectives; methodology; planned evaluation; budget information; timeliness; and a list of Web sites for grant sources.…

  1. Dollars and Sense in Presidential Compensation. A Trusteeship Roundtable

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Recent public controversies over the pay and perquisites of college and university presidents have prompted soul searching among boards of trustees across the country. With the Senate Finance Committee now considering tax reforms that could affect nonprofit executive pay as well as college and university governance in general, "Trusteeship"…

  2. Dollars, debts and duties: lessons from funding Australian general practice.

    PubMed

    Rogers, Wendy A.; Veale, Bronwyn

    2000-09-01

    This study investigated changes in resource allocation and activities of Australian Divisions of General Practice associated with new funding procedures which link monies to nominated outcomes. The study involved analysis of annual reports and strategic plans, and semistructured telephone interviews with key personnel from 27 divisions of general practice. The main outcome measures were: number of activities in various nominated health areas; total and median expenditure per activity in each area; and methods of resource allocation. Despite a modest increase in funding to the total general practice divisions program over the two year period, expenditure decreased in the National Health Priority Areas of mental health, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, injuries and cancer. There was increased expenditure in the priority area of immunisation, which received dedicated funding. There was greatly increased expenditure in the areas of information technology and services to GPs (including continuing medical education, professional development and workforce issues). The ease of defining and measuring outcomes influenced the choice of activities. In 1996, activities were linked to formal needs analyses in approximately 20 per cent of cases. The most frequent driving force for projects was enthusiastic GPs. In 1998, resource allocation decisions were more explicitly linked to formal needs analyses; however, the standard of the needs analyses varied widely between divisions. Changes in funding procedures which use nominated outcomes as the major accountability mechanism may produce unexpected, and unintended results, including significantly decreased expenditure in areas with outcomes which are hard to define and measure but which are important for health improvement.

  3. Improved IHS Material Support: More Health Care for the Dollar

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-07-01

    in material management. The management of warehouses in the Oklahoma, Navajo , and Portland areas is the best we have seen anywhere in the PHS. IHS...miles and less than 1 hour distance from Zuni-Ramah. If the use of that carrier had coincided with a large- volume shipment to the Navajo central...elsewhere at lower cost and with better, more reliable service. Given the performance levels of its own central warehouses in the Oklahoma City, Navajo

  4. Dollars from Sense: The Economic Benefits of Renewable Energy

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    1997-09-01

    This document illustrates direct economic benefits, including job creation, of renewable energy technologies. Examples of electricity generation from biomass, wind power, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, and geothermal energy are given, with emphasis on the impact of individual projects on the state and local community. Employment numbers at existing facilities are provided, including total national employment for each renewable industry where available. Renewable energy technologies offer economic advantages because they are more labor-intensive than conventional generation technologies, and they use primarily indigenous resources.

  5. Dollar’s Vulnerability and the Implications for National Security

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    sould only resort to expansionary fiscal policy in times of desperation. There are issues with this study that should be addressed before moving on to...higher inflation leads to exchange-rate depreciation as well as increased volatility. 36 This indicates that expansionary monetary policy would also...government has to choose between defaulting on obligations or expanding the money supply as using this policy to reduce a sustainable level of debt

  6. How School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    While the economy may be turning around, local school districts nationwide continue to struggle mightily. The "new normal" of tougher budget times is here to stay for American K-12 education. So how can local officials cope? This policy brief provides a useful tool for navigating the financial challenges of the current school-funding climate,…

  7. Corporate Training Delivery: Dollars and Sense. Unconventional Wisdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workforce Economics, 2001

    2001-01-01

    With accelerating technology in the workplace, worker training has become a key component of almost every corporation's long-range strategic plan. Almost all companies provide some form of training in computer operations to new and existing employees, and more than 90 percent of companies also provided a range of management, leadership, and…

  8. Look beyond the Obvious Energy Savers to Conserve School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisniewski, Adrian T.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a Milwaukee, Wisconsin, school system's energy conservation project that insulated utility tunnels and pipes in two schools. Energy savings will pay back the insulation cost in less than two years. (MD)

  9. How Dollars Make Cents. Teacher's Guide [and] Student Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auman, L. Charles

    This unit provides secondary school students with methods for comparison shopping of savings institutions. It contains both student materials and teacher's guide and is designed for individualized instruction. Approximate time for the unit is six hours. Activities include analyzing cartoons, defining the terms "savings" and…

  10. Foreign Direct Investment: Effects of a "Cheap" Dollar

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-11

    Direct Investment.” The American Economic Review, June 1997, pp. 447-465. 12 Lipsey , Robert E. and Irving B. Kravis, The Competitive Position of U.S...information on this topic. Nevertheless, direct investment transactions as a whole seem to be tied more directly to the relative rates of economic ...growth between economies, as well as expected long-run rates of return and other economic factors, than to relatively short-term movements in the exchange

  11. Small Ideas for Saving Big Health Care Dollars

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Jodi L.; Lai, Deborah; Ringel, Jeanne S.; Vaiana, Mary E.; Wasserman, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    Abstract A focused review of recent RAND Health research identified small ideas that could save the U.S. health care system $13 to $22 billion per year, in the aggregate, if successfully implemented. In the substituting lower-cost treatments category, ideas are to reduce use of anesthesia providers in routine gastroenterology procedures for low-risk patients, change payment policy for emergency transport, increase use of lower-cost antibiotics for treatment of acute otitis media, shift care from emergency departments to retail clinics when appropriate, eliminate co-payments for higher-risk patients taking cholesterol-lowering drugs, increase use of $4 generic drugs, and reduce Medicare Part D use of brand-name prescription drugs by patients with diabetes. In the patient safety category, ideas are to prevent three types of health care–associated infections: (1) central line–associated bloodstream infections, (2) ventilator-associated pneumonia, and (3) catheter-associated urinary tract infections; use preoperative and anesthesia checklists to prevent operative and postoperative events; prevent in-facility pressure ulcers; use ultrasound guidance for central line placement; and prevent recurrent falls. Small ideas do not require systemic change; thus, they may be both more feasible to operationalize and less likely to encounter stiff political and organizational resistance. PMID:28083318

  12. Making Education Dollars Work: Issue Briefs. Governors Education Symposium, 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NGA Center for Best Practices, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The 2011 Governors Education Symposium, co-hosted by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Hunt Institute, focused on advancing education reform with limited resources, improving postsecondary completion and productivity, preparing career- and college-ready students and measuring and evaluating effective teaching.…

  13. Look beyond the Obvious Energy Savers to Conserve School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisniewski, Adrian T.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a Milwaukee, Wisconsin, school system's energy conservation project that insulated utility tunnels and pipes in two schools. Energy savings will pay back the insulation cost in less than two years. (MD)

  14. Risk Management: Getting the Most for Your Insurance Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramson, Paul

    1973-01-01

    Analyze what insurance is intended to do by going through the risk management process: identify exposures to loss, measure their financial impact on the institution, rationalize the means of controlling exposures, prevent loss, and set up a program to minimize the impact of loss through insurance or other means. (Author)

  15. How and where the education dollar is spent.

    PubMed

    Monk, D H; Pijanowski, J C; Hussain, S

    1997-01-01

    Locally elected school boards have the authority and responsibility to decide how school budgets will be spent. In doing so, however, they must balance multiple funding restrictions and competing priorities. Despite great variance in local circumstances, most school districts have remarkably similar spending patterns, generally allocating from 60% to 63% of their budget to instruction and dividing the remainder among student services such as health services, counseling, and speech therapy; administration; building operation and maintenance; and food services and transportation. Polls show that many districts are attempting to delegate more decisions over resource allocation to the school site level. Research is just beginning to show what aspects of school site decision making are associated with improved teaching and learning.

  16. Allocation of healthcare dollars: analysis of nonneonatal circumcisions in Florida.

    PubMed

    Gutwein, Luke G; Alvarez, Juan F; Gutwein, Jenny L; Kays, David W; Islam, Saleem

    2013-09-01

    Circumcision remains a controversial operation. Most procedures are performed in the neonatal period and avoid general anesthesia. Legislation driven by policy statements from the American Academy of Pediatrics led to significant changes in circumcisions in Florida with a shift to nonneonatal procedures as a result of costs. We sought to study the prevalence and financial implications of nonneonatal circumcisions in Florida. A retrospective population study was performed using the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration outpatient procedure database. We queried for patients 0 to 17 years of age undergoing circumcision between 2003 and 2008. Demographics, charges, and insurance status were analyzed. From 2003 to 2008, 31,741 outpatient circumcisions were performed. Publicly funded circumcisions accounted for 17,537 charging the state $6,263 on average for each circumcision at an expense of $111.8 million for the 5-year time period analyzed. Publicly funded circumcision procedures increased more than sixfold (P < 0.0001) than those covered by private insurance. Black circumcision procedures increased 77.3 per cent, whereas white circumcisions increased 28.7 per cent. There has been a significant increase in the number of nonneonatal circumcisions performed. This has resulted in an increase in economic health care. Public funding of neonatal circumcision could result in significant cost savings and avoid potential complications of general anesthesia.

  17. Get More for Your Maintenance Dollar through Contracting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donahue, Ron

    1983-01-01

    The use of contractors for the performance of maintenance duties in parks and recreational facilities is recommended as a legitimate tool to improve productivity or upgrade quality. An example of the use of contracts is provided. (CJ)

  18. Road to trillion dollar energy savings: a safe energy platform

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    A challenge to the Reagan administration's view that the energy situation has improved as a result of its policies gives the credit to conservation and solar programs developed under the Carter administration. The authors identify continued dependency upon vulnerable foreign oil imports, the further spread of nuclear technology, the construction of complex centralized energy facilities, and dependence upon fossil and synthetic resources that threaten to alter the global atmosphere as problems which must be addressed if consumers are to avoid a doubling of energy costs in the future. Using policy recommendations, they show how we can shift from a high-cost, high-risk depletable energy system to a low-cost, low-risk, sustainable energy system called for in the National Energy Policy Plan. The Consumer Energy Savings Act, Resource Wars Prevention Act, and Solar Atomic Energy Act will be major vehicles. 373 references, 3 figures, 3 tables.

  19. Small Ideas for Saving Big Health Care Dollars.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jodi L; Lai, Deborah; Ringel, Jeanne S; Vaiana, Mary E; Wasserman, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    A focused review of recent RAND Health research identified small ideas that could save the U.S. health care system $13 to $22 billion per year, in the aggregate, if successfully implemented. In the substituting lower-cost treatments category, ideas are to reduce use of anesthesia providers in routine gastroenterology procedures for low-risk patients, change payment policy for emergency transport, increase use of lower-cost antibiotics for treatment of acute otitis media, shift care from emergency departments to retail clinics when appropriate, eliminate co-payments for higher-risk patients taking cholesterol-lowering drugs, increase use of $4 generic drugs, and reduce Medicare Part D use of brand-name prescription drugs by patients with diabetes. In the patient safety category, ideas are to prevent three types of health care-associated infections: (1) central line-associated bloodstream infections, (2) ventilator-associated pneumonia, and (3) catheter-associated urinary tract infections; use preoperative and anesthesia checklists to prevent operative and postoperative events; prevent in-facility pressure ulcers; use ultrasound guidance for central line placement; and prevent recurrent falls. Small ideas do not require systemic change; thus, they may be both more feasible to operationalize and less likely to encounter stiff political and organizational resistance.

  20. Scholars, Dollars, and Public Policy: New Frontiers in Corporate Giving.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lefever, Ernest W.; And Others

    Financial contributions by American corporations that are designed to influence domestic or foreign policies are discussed. After identifying ways that business corporations can influence either general policy or particular decisions, a brief history of corporate philanthrophy in the United States and financial support for public policy purposes…

  1. Defense Acquisitions: How and Where DOD Spends Its Contracting Dollars

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-30

    Fixtures and Lamps 63 - Alarm, Signal, and Detection Systems 65 - Medical, Dental , and Veterinary Equipment 66 - Instruments and Laboratory Equipment...Equipment and Supplies 80 - Brushes, Paints, Sealers, and Adhesives 81 - Containers, Packaging, and Packing Supplies 83 - Textiles/Leather/Furs

  2. The Million Dollar Bowl. OSHA in the Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Carl

    Accidents to office workers add up to 40,000 injuries and more than 200 deaths a year, amounting to expenses from medical assistance and loss of productivity of $100 million. Leading types of accidents are falling caused by slipping on slick or wet floors, tripping over file drawers, slipping on debris on stairs, injuries from poor lighting,…

  3. Save Energy Dollars with DOE Operations and Maintenance Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appel, Margo

    2010-01-01

    At budget-crunching time, school administrators and business officials sometimes find themselves trimming the district's budget for teachers, textbooks, and technology in order to cover ballooning energy costs. Nearly one-third of the energy consumed in the average U.S. school is wasted. The country's least efficient schools use four times more…

  4. Corporate Training Delivery: Dollars and Sense. Unconventional Wisdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workforce Economics, 2001

    2001-01-01

    With accelerating technology in the workplace, worker training has become a key component of almost every corporation's long-range strategic plan. Almost all companies provide some form of training in computer operations to new and existing employees, and more than 90 percent of companies also provided a range of management, leadership, and…

  5. Lesson Plans Are Being Reworked To Stretch Construction Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Debra K.; Rosta, Paul; Gonchar, Joann; Illia, Tony

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the search by school systems and construction professionals for new efficiencies in the face of economic pressures. Some are shrinking or stretching out construction programs and demanding better economies. Others are seeking new financial partners and non-traditional funding methods, or deciding that creating new school space does not…

  6. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... general principles of Federal tax law, the taxation of the entire premium payment is governed by § 1.61-22... payment is a loan under general principles of Federal tax law or, if it is not a loan under general principles of Federal tax law (for example, because of the nonrecourse nature of the obligation or otherwise...

  7. On the political economy of risk: farmworkers, pesticides, and dollars.

    PubMed

    Strigini, P

    1982-01-01

    The rapid industrialization of world agriculture has been one of the most eventful social and economic transformations taking place in the second half of the 20th century. Today two agricultures coexist in most countries: capital-intensive agri-business and labor-intensive subsistence farming. In the U.S., the former exploits largely nonwhite immigrant labor and the latter female unpaid labor, surviving as a "second job.' The striking increase of production in industrial agriculture has been accompanied by uneven and irrational development and by a tragic upsurge of mechanical accidents and chemical hazards. Current pesticide use poses a threat to workers and their families, the general public, the environment, and future generations. Acute risks begin to be known largely through farmworkers' exposure, while chronic risks are often inferred from experimental studies but generally are disregarded. Because of industry's historic neglect of health and environmental hazards, regulation has evolved under pressure from workers and citizens. Regulation is at present the best tool available to shape technological development according to society's needs and goals. Its basic requirements are information, reorientation of public resources, and democratic control. A major obstacle to its implementation is the inequitable social distribution of risks and benefits, within and among nations.

  8. How Are California's Education Dollars Spent? EdFact.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EdSource, Inc., Palo Alto, CA.

    School spending decisions are made locally in California, mostly by the leaders in each school district. In making these decisions, local districts have to comply with the provisions of local collective bargaining contracts with employee unions and with state and federal regulations regarding how some money must be spent. An analysis of school…

  9. Excellent amino acid racemization results from Holocene sand dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosnik, M.; Kaufman, D. S.; Kowalewski, M.; Whitacre, K.

    2015-12-01

    Amino acid racemization (AAR) is widely used as a cost-effective method to date molluscs in time-averaging and taphonomic studies, but it has not been attempted for echinoderms despite their paleobiological importance. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of AAR geochronology in Holocene aged Peronella peronii (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) collected from Sydney Harbour (Australia). Using standard HPLC methods we determined the extent of AAR in 74 Peronella tests and performed replicate analyses on 18 tests. We sampled multiple areas of two individuals and identified the outer edge as a good sampling location. Multiple replicate analyses from the outer edge of 18 tests spanning the observed range of D/Ls yielded median coefficients of variation < 4% for Asp, Phe, Ala, and Glu D/L values, which overlaps with the analytical precision. Correlations between D/L values across 155 HPLC injections sampled from 74 individuals are also very high (pearson r2 > 0.95) for these four amino acids. The ages of 11 individuals spanning the observed range of D/L values were determined using 14C analyses, and Bayesian model averaging was used to determine the best AAR age model. The averaged age model was mainly composed of time-dependent reaction kinetics models (TDK, 71%) based on phenylalanine (Phe, 94%). Modelled ages ranged from 14 to 5539 yrs, and the median 95% confidence interval for the 74 analysed individuals is ±28% of the modelled age. In comparison, the median 95% confidence interval for the 11 calibrated 14C ages was ±9% of the median age estimate. Overall Peronella yields exceptionally high-quality AAR D/L values and appears to be an excellent substrate for AAR geochronology. This work opens the way for time-averaging and taphonomic studies of echinoderms similar to those in molluscs.

  10. Your Savings and Investment Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on savings and investment, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook shows how to develop a savings and investment program based on present and future needs and goals. Section 1 overviews savings and…

  11. 77 FR 24456 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-24

    ... poultry products that a retail store can sell to hotels, restaurants, and similar institutions without... and restaurants (21 U.S.C. 661(c)(2) and 454(c)(2)). FSIS's regulations (9 CFR 303.1(d) and 381.10(d... processing of meat, meat food, poultry, and poultry products. Sales to Hotels, Restaurants, and Similar...

  12. 78 FR 23902 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ... poultry products that a retail store can sell to hotels, restaurants, and similar institutions without... operations of types traditionally and usually conducted at retail stores and restaurants when those operations are conducted at any retail store or restaurant or similar retail-type establishment for sale in...

  13. Antifolate resistance in Africa and the 164-dollar question.

    PubMed

    Hyde, John E

    2008-04-01

    The spread of Plasmodium falciparum carrying a quadruply mutated dhfr gene to Africa has been widely predicted to have profoundly adverse consequences, as such parasites in vitro are highly resistant to antifolate inhibitiors, still a mainstay of antimalarial drug regimes in this region. Studies of parasites from Southeast Asia demonstrate a strong connection between the I164L-bearing quadruple mutant form and failure of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) treatment. However, a recent study reported in this issue of Transactions documents the low-level incidence in an area of Kenya of quadruply mutant parasites which, in the majority of cases, appear to have been cleared by a standard SP treatment regime, contrary to expectations.

  14. 50 million dollar washing machine on-line at Galatia

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, A.

    1985-02-01

    The coal preparation plant at Kerr-McGee's Galatia mine in Illinois is designed to process 2 million ton/year. Details of the coal from the two-seam mine are given and a flow-sheet of the cleaning process is presented.

  15. Dollars and Sense: A Simple Approach to School Finance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little Hoover Commission, Sacramento, CA.

    In this report, California's Little Hoover Commission examines the historical context of and current problems with the state's education finance system. In developing the five findings and eight recommendations, the Commission looked for ways to streamline funding without losing sight of three goals: (1) providing childen who have diverse needs…

  16. Tapping into a Billion Dollar Resource, SBIR/STTR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mexcur, Paul; Kalshoven, James

    2002-10-01

    This presentation provides an overview of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs as implemented by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). These programs, as mandated by Congress, provide an opportunity for small, high technology companies and research institutions to participate in Government sponsored research and development (R&D) efforts in key technology areas. This presentation describes the background and operation of these two programs and discusses what factors a business should consider in making the decision to participate.

  17. Non-value-added time: the million dollar nursing opportunity.

    PubMed

    Storfjell, Judith Lloyd; Ohlson, Susan; Omoike, Osei; Fitzpatrick, Therese; Wetasin, Kanokwan

    2009-01-01

    The dual crises of high healthcare costs and the nursing shortage require a better understanding of inpatient nursing unit activities and, more specifically, their costs and the drivers of inefficiencies. This includes knowing not only how staff spend their time but also how much of this time is non-value-added (NVA) because wasted time leads to both high costs and nurse dissatisfaction. The authors discuss a study that determined the NVA time and costs of acute care nursing unit staff, identified drivers of high-cost NVA time, and compared activities and costs by type of nursing unit. These data have considerable implications for developing efficient and effective nursing care delivery models and for implementing process improvement and staff satisfaction initiatives.

  18. Conducting a Survey: The Dollars and Sense of It.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boser, Judith A.

    This paper helps researchers develop criteria for conducting surveys. Cost considerations frame the paper's suggestions. Specifically, the text advises that researchers consider the human and material resources needed, type of survey instrument, medium for conducting the survey (mail, telephone, personal interview, etc.), data analysis…

  19. SQUID use for Geophysics: finding billions of dollars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foley, Catherine

    2014-03-01

    Soon after their discovery, Jim Zimmerman saw the potential of using Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices, SQUIDs, for the study of Geophysics and undertook experiments to understand the magnetic phenomena of the Earth. However his early experiments were not successful. Nevertheless up to the early 1980's, some research effort in the use of SQUIDs for geophysics continued and many ideas of how you could use SQUIDs evolved. Their use was not adopted by the mining industry at that time for a range of reasons. The discovery of high temperature superconductors started a reinvigoration in the interest to use SQUIDs for mineral exploration. Several groups around the world worked with mining companies to develop both liquid helium and nitrogen cooled systems. The realisation of the achievable sensitivity that contributed to successful mineral discoveries and delineation led to real financial returns for miners. By the mid 2000's, SQUID systems for geophysics were finally being offered for sale by several start-up companies. This talk will tell the story of SQUID use in geophysics. It will start with the early work of the SQUID pioneers including that of Jim Zimmerman and John Clarke and will also cover the development since the early 1990's up to today of a number of magnetometers and gradiometers that have been successfully commercialised and used to create significant impact in the global resources industry. The talk will also cover some of the critical technical challenges that had to be overcome to succeed. It will focus mostly on magnetically unshielded systems used in the field although some laboratory-based systems will be discussed.

  20. A Trillion-Dollar Question: What Predicts Student Loan Delinquencies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mezza, Alvaro; Sommer, Kamila

    2016-01-01

    The recent significant increase in student loan delinquencies has generated interest in understanding the key factors predicting the non-performance of these loans. However, despite the large size of the student loan market, existing analyses have been limited by lack of data. This paper studies predictors of student loan delinquencies using a…

  1. Digging up Classroom Dollars on DonorsChoose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curriculum Review, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Back in 2000, Charles Best was teaching at Wings Academy, an alternative high school in the Bronx, when he got the idea for a Web site where teachers could solicit donations for class projects. With help from his students, DonorsChoose.org soon was born. Last year, the site won Amazon.com's Nonprofit Innovation Award. So far, DonorsChoose has…

  2. The MET Project: The Wrong 45 Million Dollar Question

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded the investigation of a $45 million question: How can we identify and develop effective teaching? Now that the findings from their Measures of Effective Teaching (MET) project have been released, it's clear they asked a simpler question, namely, What other measures match up well with value-added…

  3. Risk Management: Getting the Most for Your Insurance Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramson, Paul

    1973-01-01

    Analyze what insurance is intended to do by going through the risk management process: identify exposures to loss, measure their financial impact on the institution, rationalize the means of controlling exposures, prevent loss, and set up a program to minimize the impact of loss through insurance or other means. (Author)

  4. Dollars and Deadlines: Rule Reforms in Short Time Frames

    EPA Science Inventory

    ABSTRACT: In "At Last! Aye, and there's the Rub" (i.e., the target article for this commentary), Capron describes challenges related to the timing for development, adoption, and revision of the Common Rule. Specifically, what the National Commission thought would be a...

  5. Raspberry Pi: a 35-dollar device for viewing DICOM images.

    PubMed

    Paiva, Omir Antunes; Moreira, Renata de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Raspberry Pi is a low-cost computer created with educational purposes. It uses Linux and, most of times, freeware applications, particularly a software for viewing DICOM images. With an external monitor, the supported resolution (1920 × 1200 pixels) allows for the set up of simple viewing workstations at a reduced cost.

  6. Common Core Units in Business Education: Dollars and Sense.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goria, Joan

    This secondary unit of instruction on making change is one of sixteen Common Core Units in Business Education (CCUBE). The units were designed for implementing the sixteen common core competencies identified in the California Business Education Program Guide for Office and Distributive Education. Each competency-based unit is designed to…

  7. Pharmacists as fiscal auditors save hospital millions of dollars.

    PubMed

    Corchnoy, B

    1987-11-01

    Pharmacist expertise in medical terminology and knowledge of medical procedures performed in a teaching community hospital plus the ability to communicate well and arbitrate helps a fiscal department of a hospital to ward off third-party challenges of hospital billings, thus creating loss avoidance, reduction of accounts receivable by over $5,000,000, and increased hospital revenue of approximately 2%.

  8. The Ultimate $uperpower: Supersized Dollars Drive "Waiting for "Superman"" Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miner, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    For nearly 40 years, according to this author, "follow the money" has been an axiom in both journalism and politics--although, as Shakespeare might complain, one "more honour'd in the breach than the observance." It is useful to resurrect the axiom in analyzing the multimedia buzz and policy debates swirling around the movie "Waiting for…

  9. The Million Dollar Bowl. OSHA in the Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Carl

    Accidents to office workers add up to 40,000 injuries and more than 200 deaths a year, amounting to expenses from medical assistance and loss of productivity of $100 million. Leading types of accidents are falling caused by slipping on slick or wet floors, tripping over file drawers, slipping on debris on stairs, injuries from poor lighting,…

  10. Responsible Use of Taxpayer Dollars for Portraits Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Shaheen, Jeanne [D-NH

    2013-12-12

    Senate - 07/23/2014 Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 486. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  11. Many segments and few dollars: SALT solutions for ELTs?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buckley, David A. H.; Meiring, Jacobus G.; Swiegers, Jian; Swart, Gerhard P.

    2004-07-01

    The Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) is a little over 18 months away from completion (in early 2005). It is based on the innovative tilted-Arecibo optical analog, first pioneered by the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET). By the end of 2003, all major subsystems, including the verification instrument, will be in place and the commissioning of them begun. Tests of a 7-segment subset of the mirror array, including the Shack-Hartmann alignment instrument, the mirror actuators, capacitive edge sensors and active control system has recently started. The first engineering on-sky tests involving the complete light path, from object to detector, have begun. SALT's primary mirror consists of 91 identical segments mounted on a 9 point whiffle tree mount, using three actuators to control tip and tilt, and a foil-type capacitive edge sensor to detect mirror misalignment. These 480 relatively affordable sensors are permanently attached to the segment edges, and are capable of measuring all misalignment modes, including global radius of curvature. This sensing system, used together with a Shack-Hartman wavefront instrument at the center of curvature, controls the primary mirror array, and could be scaled to an array of the size envisaged for an ELT. SALT has developed some innovative designs improvement over the original HET concept. These include a more effective spherical aberration corrector (SAC), interferometric distance sensing and laser auto-collimation of the prime focus payload, the use of newly developed efficient and durable mirror coatings on the SAC optics, and the use of economical low expansion ceramics for the primary mirror segments. These innovative and cost effective solutions used on SALT have potential applications to ELT designs.

  12. Effective Systems To Cope with Increasing Demands and Decreasing Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferland, Raymond A.; DiMaria, Joseph P.

    As a solution to the problem of serving large numbers of students with a small staff, the Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI) has adopted three new technologies to advise and register students and respond to telephone inquiries. The first of the technological innovations is TELUS, a telephone voice response registration system offered as an…

  13. Big Dollar Steam Savings Achieved at Duke's Laundry Facility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Bob; Black, Jerry

    1999-01-01

    Examines how Duke University facility management, faced with a triple-fold increase in steam use in its medical center laundry, made improvements that resulted in a three-month payback. Removing the flash tank from the condensate, repiping of the condensate system, and installing of a steam-metering system are discussed. (GR)

  14. Put a Dollar Value on Your Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheppeck, Michael A.; Cohen, Stephen L.

    1985-01-01

    Various types of human resource accounting systems are described and analyzed: asset models, expense models, the utility formula, cost/benefit analysis, and a comprehensive program design. Steps in this last design (e.g., review all jobs in the organization, analyze training needs for targeted jobs, determine training programs that have the…

  15. The Ultimate $uperpower: Supersized Dollars Drive "Waiting for "Superman"" Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miner, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    For nearly 40 years, according to this author, "follow the money" has been an axiom in both journalism and politics--although, as Shakespeare might complain, one "more honour'd in the breach than the observance." It is useful to resurrect the axiom in analyzing the multimedia buzz and policy debates swirling around the movie "Waiting for…

  16. The Million-Dollar President, Soon to Be Commonplace?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chronicle of Higher Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This article reports the results of a survey conducted by "The Chronicle" that examined college presidents' compensation. The survey found a 53-percent increase in presidents' compensation. While the salaries do not have an eye-popping quotient as those of corporate CEOs'--whose median compensation was just over $6 million among the 350 largest US…

  17. Scientists warn of 'trillion-dollar' spent-fuel risk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gwynne, Peter

    2016-07-01

    A study by two Princeton University physicists suggests that a major fire in the spent nuclear fuel stored on the sites of US nuclear reactors could “dwarf the horrific consequences of the Fukushima accident”.

  18. Gambling with stimulus payments: feeding gaming machines with federal dollars.

    PubMed

    Lye, Jenny; Hirschberg, Joe

    2014-09-01

    In late 2008 and early 2009 the Australian Federal Government introduced a series of economic stimulus packages designed to maintain consumer spending in the early days of the Great Recession. When these packages were initiated the media suggested that the wide-spread availability of electronic gaming machines (EGMs, e.g. slot machines, poker machines, video lottery terminals) in Australia would result in stimulating the EGMs. Using state level monthly data we estimate that the stimulus packages led to an increase of 26 % in EGM revenues. This also resulted in over $60 million in additional tax revenue for State Governments. We also estimate a short-run aggregate income demand elasticity for EGMs to be approximately 2.

  19. How to fabricate robust microfluidic systems for a dollar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lapierre, Florian; Cameron, Neil R.; Oakeshott, John; Peat, Thomas; Zhu, Yonggang

    2013-12-01

    Since the past decade, the interest towards microfluidic devices has sensibly grown due to the wide variety of multidisciplinary applications. One branch of the microfluidic domain consists in the synthesis of various types of emulsions requested by cosmetic, food and biotechnological industries In particular, monodisperse water-in-oil microemulsion synthetised in microfluidic devices are quickly becoming the new generation of emulsions for precise bead control and high surface area. These microemulsions are generally aqueous bioreactors in the form of droplets from 500 nm to 10 μm in diameter, enclosed in an oil environment. An increasing demand for bigger emulsions has led us to investigate new techniques for fabricating fluidic devices allowing a better control over the final size of the droplets. An easy, cheap, reproducible and fast technology for generating emulsions in the range of 100s μm with high throughout (up to mL/h) is reported. Simply using pipette tips and tubing, an innovative microfluidic device was fabricated, able to synthetise water-in-oil emulsions within the range 50 - 500 _μm and double emulsions. These new emulsions are currently used for the synthesis of highly porous polymers beads from High Internal Phase Emulsion (HIPE). These beads will find high potential in 3D cell culture due to their high porosity (up to 90%) and pore size (from 5 to 30μm).

  20. Dollars and sense: the financial impact of Canadian wellness initiatives†.

    PubMed

    Wilkin, Christa L; Connelly, Catherine E

    2015-09-01

    The popular press reports anecdotal benefits of organizational initiatives that are designed to improve employees' work-life balance and wellness, but the long-term impact of these initiatives on firms' financial performance is unknown. Our longitudinal study of publicly traded Canadian organizations uses the strategic human resources management framework to explain why these initiatives may affect their financial performance. We use an exploratory factor analysis of three waves of archival data to identify two types of initiatives and regression to measure their impact on return on assets (ROA). Our findings suggest that, after 2 years, health promotion initiatives significantly decreased ROA, while work-life balance initiatives significantly increased it. Both effects became non-significant over the longer term. © The Author (2013). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  1. Dollars and sense: Mitigating budget risk for ICD-10.

    PubMed

    Newell, Lucy Mancini; DeSilva, Joseph J

    2013-02-01

    The extended deadline for ICD-10 implementation is time that should not be wasted. Healthcare leaders should keep three things in mind: CFOs should approach the effort knowing the costs of ICD-10 implementation will be high and spread over multiple budget years. Training, productivity, and contractual issues are among key areas that will be challenged by ICD-10 implementation. Healthcare finance leaders should work to improve cash-on-hand and cash reserves prior to the ICD-10 deadline to ensure liquidity post-compliance.

  2. Single Concept Videotapes Which Streamline Learning While Saving Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Jack; Utz, Peter

    The Single Concept Introductory Mathematics Project (SCIMP) offered an individualized, self-paced, media-oriented approach to remedial algebra at the community college level. Seventy-one behavioral objectives were identified and videotapes and worksheets prepared for each; mini-tests were given after each lesson and a final exam administered at…

  3. Multimillion Dollar Construction Project Completed in Glenn's Icing Research Tunnel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kevdzija, Susan L.

    2001-01-01

    Over the last year, the Glenn Research Center's Icing Research Tunnel (IRT) underwent a major $5.2 million rehabilitation project as part of the Construction of Facilities program. The scope of the project included redesign and replacement of the 55-yr-old heat exchanger, the addition of fan outlet guide vanes for flow conditioning downstream of the 25-ft-diameter fan, and redesign and replacement of the C and D corner-turning vanes. The purpose of the rehabilitation was to replace old portions of the infrastructure and to improve the aerodynamic flow quality in the tunnel.

  4. How Much Is That in Dollars?: Costly International Downsizing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renard, Monika; Tracy, Kay

    2011-01-01

    Economic downturns can lead companies doing business internationally to cut costs by reducing staff and/or closing subsidiaries. Efficiency in downsizing can put people and capital to their most effective use. This exercise educates students about country differences in labor termination practices, costs, legal requirements for downsizing, and…

  5. Making Instructional Resource Sense Out of Government Policy Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorr-Bremme, Don; And Others

    The future of instructional research, at least in the present economic climate, is indistinct. This report considers the option of combining within a single study the needs of policy makers and the commitment to academic research. The papers in this report, through illustration of research conducted within a policy framework, identify problems…

  6. Competing for School Improvement Dollars: State Grant-Making Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazarin, Melissa

    2012-01-01

    In 2009 the Obama administration announced a focused commitment to turn around 5,000 of the United States' chronically lowest-performing public schools as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). This commitment came with $3 billion in funding for the School Improvement Grant program, or SIG, along with new guidelines to ensure…

  7. White Nail Radio Transmitter: Billion Dollar Savings through Energy Efficiency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-10

    energy consumption ashore by 50 percent CNO, Navy Energy Vision, P 10 White Nail Vision Your Cell Phone Cell ...Greenhouse Gas Power 4 1 Energy Navy Use 7.3 Billion kWh White Nail Cell Phone Savings 11 Billion kWh One and a half times!!! Saves the output of four of...Estimated Total Number of transmitters 3,000,000 Estimated total power saved Watt 1,250,000,000 Cell Phone Transmitter Efficiency 1.25 Gigawatts

  8. Dollars and Sense in Presidential Compensation. A Trusteeship Roundtable

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Recent public controversies over the pay and perquisites of college and university presidents have prompted soul searching among boards of trustees across the country. With the Senate Finance Committee now considering tax reforms that could affect nonprofit executive pay as well as college and university governance in general, "Trusteeship"…

  9. A Trillion-Dollar Question: What Predicts Student Loan Delinquencies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mezza, Alvaro; Sommer, Kamila

    2016-01-01

    The recent significant increase in student loan delinquencies has generated interest in understanding the key factors predicting the non-performance of these loans. However, despite the large size of the student loan market, existing analyses have been limited by lack of data. This paper studies predictors of student loan delinquencies using a…

  10. Dollar for Dollar: Racial and ethnic inequalities in health and health-related outcomes among persons with very high income.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Kanetha B; Thorpe, Roland J; LaVeist, Thomas A

    2017-03-01

    Racial and ethnic disparities in health have been well-documented, and low SES is widely considered to be a driver of this relationship. However, the race-social class-health interrelationship is complex, as several studies have found race disparities between racial/ethnic minorities and whites at middle- income levels. Research on higher income persons is complicated by the lack of data for persons with incomes about $75,000. Most national datasets collect income data in categories with the highest income category being $75,000 and above. In our study, we examined racial/ethnic disparities in health status and behaviors among persons of very high income, reported income of $175,000 or above per year. Data are from the Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys (MEPS). Our findings revealed health disparities in 10 of the 16 health-related outcomes selected. African Americans were most dissimilar to whites at this income and with disadvantages on 6 health outcomes relative to whites. While results also showed some disparities for Asian Americans and Hispanic Americans relative to whites, these groups were advantaged, relative to whites on several health outcomes. Our findings indicate that income does not fully explain racial/ethnic disparities in health. Most public interventions are targeted to low income persons. However, public health interventions should target minority individuals of very high income as well, especially African Americans.

  11. I Don't Need a Million-Dollar Grant--$5,000 Will Do!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keast, Dan A.

    2011-01-01

    Music teachers often need to be creative in finding monies for programs that go beyond the basics and reach more students. Grant-writing skills can bring both funding and other types of donations to enhance music programs. Researching the funding sources, looking at successful proposals, carefully following directions, seeking the opinions of…

  12. Initiatives for Containing the Cost of Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massy, William F.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author offers a comprehensive reform agenda for policymakers interested in cost containment. Massy lays out a series of initiatives that, working in tandem, can promote the larger goal of compelling colleges to spend money wisely. Among the individual reforms Massy proposes are creating a national database of cost-containment…

  13. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Inventory Purchases: 0 0 (Jan.-Feb.) 15,000,000h 20:1 750,000 (Mar.-Apr.) 10,000,000 21:1 476,190 (May-June... liabilities: 35,000,000 40:1 875,000 Liability A 150,000,000 40:1 3,750,000 Liability B 80,000,000 40:1 2,000,000 Liability C 30,000,000 40:1 750,000 Total Liabilities 295,000,000h $7,375,000 1 S ages...

  14. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Inventory Purchases: 0 0 (Jan.-Feb.) 15,000,000h 20:1 750,000 (Mar.-Apr.) 10,000,000 21:1 476,190 (May-June... liabilities: 35,000,000 40:1 875,000 Liability A 150,000,000 40:1 3,750,000 Liability B 80,000,000 40:1 2,000,000 Liability C 30,000,000 40:1 750,000 Total Liabilities 295,000,000h $7,375,000 1 S ages...

  15. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Inventory Purchases: 0 0 (Jan.-Feb.) 15,000,000h 20:1 750,000 (Mar.-Apr.) 10,000,000 21:1 476,190 (May-June... liabilities: 35,000,000 40:1 875,000 Liability A 150,000,000 40:1 3,750,000 Liability B 80,000,000 40:1 2,000,000 Liability C 30,000,000 40:1 750,000 Total Liabilities 295,000,000h $7,375,000 1 S ages...

  16. Impact evaluation of an energy {dollar_sign}avings plan project at Elf Atochem North America

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, D.R.; Spanner, G.E.

    1992-08-01

    This impact evaluation of an energy conservation measure (ECM) that was recently installed at Elf Atochem North America (Atochem) was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) as part of an evaluation of its Energy savings Plan (E$P) Program. The Program makes acquisition payments to firms that install energy conservation measures in their industrial processes. The objective of this impact evaluation was to assess how much electrical energy is being saved at Atochem as a result of the E$P and to determine how much the savings cost Bonneville and the region. The impact of the ECM was evaluated with a combination of engineering analysis, financial analysis, site visit and interview, review of previous program submittals and review of process evaluation results from 1989. The ECM itself consists of adding anode area to each of the sodium chlorate (chlorate) cells at Atochem`s Tacoma facility. Increasing the anode area reduces the current density, which reduces cell resistance at the same current, thus reducing energy consumption at the same chlorate production rate. Energy savings resulting from this ECM are expected to average about 24,000,000 kWh/yr or about 1000 kWh/ton of chlorate produced. The net cost of the ECM was $1,410,400, and Atochem received a payment of $212,500 from Bonneville for the acquisition of energy savings. The levelized cost of these energy savings to Bonneville will be 0.7 mills/kWh over the ECM`s expected 15-year life, and the levelized cost to the region will be 5.7 mills/kWh. Bonneville`s offer to pay Atochem $212,500 via the E$P Program was viewed by Atochem management as a big incentive that made a difference.

  17. Impact evaluation of an energy dollar sign avings plan project at Elf Atochem North America

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, D.R.; Spanner, G.E.

    1992-08-01

    This impact evaluation of an energy conservation measure (ECM) that was recently installed at Elf Atochem North America (Atochem) was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) as part of an evaluation of its Energy savings Plan (E$P) Program. The Program makes acquisition payments to firms that install energy conservation measures in their industrial processes. The objective of this impact evaluation was to assess how much electrical energy is being saved at Atochem as a result of the E$P and to determine how much the savings cost Bonneville and the region. The impact of the ECM was evaluated with a combination of engineering analysis, financial analysis, site visit and interview, review of previous program submittals and review of process evaluation results from 1989. The ECM itself consists of adding anode area to each of the sodium chlorate (chlorate) cells at Atochem's Tacoma facility. Increasing the anode area reduces the current density, which reduces cell resistance at the same current, thus reducing energy consumption at the same chlorate production rate. Energy savings resulting from this ECM are expected to average about 24,000,000 kWh/yr or about 1000 kWh/ton of chlorate produced. The net cost of the ECM was $1,410,400, and Atochem received a payment of $212,500 from Bonneville for the acquisition of energy savings. The levelized cost of these energy savings to Bonneville will be 0.7 mills/kWh over the ECM's expected 15-year life, and the levelized cost to the region will be 5.7 mills/kWh. Bonneville's offer to pay Atochem $212,500 via the E$P Program was viewed by Atochem management as a big incentive that made a difference.

  18. Financial Literacy Makes Dollars and Sense for Student Loan Borrowers and Lenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilke, Alisa

    2013-01-01

    "American Student Assistance" has a unique window onto students during some very important milestones in their formative financial years. This nonprofit interacts with students from the time they're choosing a college, to applying for financial aid and loans, to starting a first job, getting that first apartment, making that dreaded…

  19. An ecological approach to evaluating a system of care program: dollars making sense.

    PubMed

    Green, Denise M; Twill, Sarah E; Nackerud, Larry; Holosko, Michael

    2014-01-01

    System of care (SOC) models in North America were developed in response to the needs of children with a severe emotional disturbance. Such children experience problems across life spheres including issues at home that put them at risk of abuse and neglect, difficulties at school including special education classification and dropping-out, and involvement with the juvenile courts. SOC evaluations and research suggests that an overreliance of evaluative research efforts on standardized scales and preconceived measurable outcomes have resulted in a loss of other important data. This study's confirmatory and holistic approach to evaluation illuminates important information concerning commonly ignored variables when using traditional evaluation models. The evaluative research study described focuses on three often overlooked behavioral variables in one SOC initiative, KidsNet Georgia, of Rockdale County, GA. These variables are: (a) using cohort analysis over time; (b) costing out services utilized; and (c) focusing on behavioral indicators and chance over time. The evaluative strategy, data collection, data, and cost analysis are discussed along with implications for practice with severe emotional disturbance youth and their families.

  20. Increasing Physical Activity in Nursing Home Residents Using Student Power, Not Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romack, Jennifer L.

    2004-01-01

    Nursing home programs committed to providing quality care need to investigate innovative ways to meet today's budget challenges. The purpose of this article is to describe a creative collaboration between a nonprofit nursing home facility and a suburban university. Through service-learning, undergraduate students planned and implemented…

  1. 76 FR 71271 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... defined. The definition specifies they are field grown mature green or ripe fresh market tomatoes that meet the Agricultural Marketing Service United States Standards for Grades of Fresh Tomatoes; and the applicable Florida Federal Marketing Order and Florida Tomato Committee Regulations, or their successors. The...

  2. America: The Trillion Dollar Lemonade Stand. Fundamentals of Free Enterprise, No. 1. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Fletcher National Bank and Trust Co., Indianapolis, IN.

    Designed for high school economics students as a public service project of the American Fletcher National Bank, the booklet examines the American free enterprise system as it relates to the traditional lemonade stand and its ability to make a profit. The parallel is made by considering some basic principles: (1) the constant need for capital to…

  3. Assessing Your Assets: Systems for Tracking and Managing IT Assets Can Save Time and Dollars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holub, Patricia A.

    2007-01-01

    The average school district loses more than $80,000 per year because of lost or damaged IT assets, according to a QED survey cosponsored by Follett Software Company. And many districts--59 percent--still use manual systems to track assets. Enter asset management systems. Software for managing assets, when implemented properly, can save time,…

  4. Health care crisis needs new approaches, not more dollars. Interview by Debra Mamorsky.

    PubMed

    Goodman, J C

    1993-01-01

    An economist and analyst of public policy explains why medical spending accounts, a multitiered health care system, and elimination of government mandates would help solve the nation's health care crisis.

  5. Dollar's Steep Decline Seen Limiting Overseas Activities by U.S. Academics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Robert L.

    1987-01-01

    Declining involvement of American students and scholars overseas because of unstable currency exchange rates is causing concern at a time when American sophistication in international affairs is becoming more important to the nation's future. (MSE)

  6. Rich in resources/deficient in dollars! Which titles do reference departments really need?

    PubMed Central

    Fishman, D L; DelBaglivo, M

    1998-01-01

    STATEMENT OF PURPOSE: Budget pressures, combined with the growing availability of resources, dictate careful examination of reference use. Two studies were conducted at the University of Maryland Health Sciences Library to examine this issue. A twelve-month reshelving study determined use by title and discipline; a simultaneous study analyzed print abstract and index use in an electronic environment. METHODOLOGY: Staff electronically recorded statistics for unshelved reference books, coded the collection by discipline, and tracked use by school. Oral surveys administered to reference room abstract and index users focused on title usage, user demographics, and stated reason for use. RESULTS: Sixty-five and a half percent of reference collection titles were used. Medical titles received the most use, but, in the context of collection size, dentistry and nursing titles used the greatest percentage of their collections. At an individual title level, medical textbooks and drug handbooks were most used. Users of abstracts and indexes were primarily campus nursing and medical students who preferred print resources. CONCLUSION: The monograph data will guide reference expenditures in canceling little-used standing orders, expanding most-used portions of the collection, and analyzing underused sections. The abstract and index survey identified the following needs: targeting instruction, contacting faculty who assign print resources, increasing the number of computer workstations, and installing signs linking databases to print equivalents. PMID:9803299

  7. Cost Comparison in 2015 Dollars for Radioisotope Power Systems -- Cassini and Mars Science Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Werner, James Elmer; Johnson, Stephen Guy; Dwight, Carla Chelan; Lively, Kelly Lynn

    2016-07-01

    Radioisotope power systems (RPSs) have enabled missions requiring reliable, long-lasting power in remote, harsh environments such as space since the early 1960s. Costs for RPSs are high, but are often misrepresented due to the complexity of space missions and inconsistent charging practices among the many and changing participant organizations over the years. This paper examines historical documentation associated with two past successful flight missions, each with a different RPS design, to provide a realistic cost basis for RPS production and deployment. The missions and their respective RPSs are Cassini, launched in 1997, that uses the general purpose heat source (GPHS) radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG), and Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), launched in 2011, that uses the multi-mission RTG (MMRTG). Actual costs in their respective years are discussed for each of the two RTG designs and the missions they enabled, and then present day values to 2015 are computed to compare the costs. Costs for this analysis were categorized into two areas: development of the specific RTG technology, and production and deployment of an RTG. This latter category includes material costs for the flight components (including Pu-238 and fine weave pierced fabric (FWPF)); manufacturing of flight components; assembly, testing, and transport of the flight RTG(s); ground operations involving the RTG(s) through launch; nuclear safety analyses for the launch and for the facilities housing the RTG(s) during all phases of ground operations; DOE’s support for NEPA analyses; and radiological contingency planning. This analysis results in a fairly similar 2015 normalized cost for the production and deployment of an RTG—approximately $118M for the GPHS-RTG and $109M for the MMRTG. In addition to these two successful flight missions, the costs for development of the MMRTG are included to serve as a future reference. Note that development costs included herein for the MMRTG do not include costs from NASA staff or facilities for their development efforts—they only include the amounts costed by DOE and DOE contractors. The 2015 value for MMRTG development is $83M. Both of the RPS types analyzed herein use the general purpose heat source (GPHS) module as the “heart of the RPS.” The estimates presented herein do not include development costs for the GPHS. These estimates also do not include the RPS infrastructure cost to maintain the facilities, equipment, and personnel necessary to enable the production of RPSs, except to the extent that the infrastructure is utilized during the production campaigns to provide RPSs for missions. It was not until after the Cassini mission that an RPS infrastructure funding structure was defined and funded separately from mission-specific elements. The information presented herein could allow for more accurate budget planning estimates for space missions being considered over the next decade and beyond.

  8. Gifts of the Magi: "Chef," "Million Dollar Arm," and Cultural Mixtures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    When groups using different cultural systems encounter one another in diverse societies, their previous cultures are transformed into a merged, complex cultural picture. Some culture areas are preserved while others are adjusted, exchanged, and merged. In our society, introducing groups to the cooking of other groups is a form of contact which…

  9. Maximizing State Lottery Dollars for Public Education: An Analysis of Current State Lottery Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Kevin P.; Pijanowski, John C.

    2007-01-01

    Today, it is increasingly difficult for states to adequately satisfy the demand for well-funded and quality public services, such as K-12 education by relying exclusively on traditional, broad-based taxes for fiscal support. State sponsored lotteries are an increasingly popular, non-traditional revenue stream for public education. There is in many…

  10. Dollars to Discriminate: The (Un)Intended Consequences of School Vouchers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eckes, Suzanne E.; Mead, Julie; Ulm, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    Some private, religious schools that accept vouchers have been accused of discriminating against certain populations of students through their admissions processes. Discriminating against disfavored groups (e.g., racial minorities, LGBT students, students with disabilities, religious minorities) in voucher programs raises both legal and policy…

  11. Coolerado Cooler Helps to Save Cooling Energy and Dollars: New Cooling Technology Targets Peak Load Reduction

    SciTech Connect

    Robichaud, R.

    2007-06-01

    This document is about a new evaporative cooling technology that can deliver cooler supply air temperatures than either direct or indirect evaporative cooling systems, without increasing humidity. The Coolerado Cooler technology can help Federal agencies reach the energy-use reduction goals of EPAct 2005, particularly in the western United States.

  12. Optimizing Aircraft Availability: Where to Spend Your Next O&M Dollar

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    Item Requirements System ( SIRS ).” HQ AFMC/A4YR Working Paper, December 2007. Huscroft, Joseph R. A Demand Side Requirements Model to Forecast C-17...73 (Summer 2007). Boito, Michael, Cynthia R. Cook, and John C. Graser. Contractor Logisitics Support in the U.S. Air Force. Santa Monica, CA...Patterson AFB OH, March 2009. Hill, John , and Bob McCormick. “The Aircraft Availability Model (AAM) – Computing Safety Levels in the Secondary

  13. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., is adjusted for changing unit costs or values by reference to a percentage, relative to base-year... accounting records are set up merely because of differences in geographical location. In the case of...

  14. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... reference to a percentage, relative to base-year-cost, determined for the pool as a whole. See paragraph (e... divisions, facilities, or accounting records are set up merely because of differences in...

  15. Using the Contingent Valuation Method for Dollar Valuations of Library Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hider, Philip

    2008-01-01

    An application of the contingent valuation method (CVM) for estimating the economic value of a regional public library service is described, and some of the key methodological issues surrounding CVM and other stated preference techniques are discussed with reference to library use and funding contexts. Given the range of valuations that can result…

  16. Saving Futures, Saving Dollars: The Impact of Education on Crime Reduction and Earnings. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    America's standard of living and international competitiveness will be strengthened if its high schools are improved. Research indicates that about 75 percent of America's state prison inmates, almost 59 percent of federal inmates, and 69 percent of jail inmates did not complete high school. Additionally, the number of prison inmates without a…

  17. Managing Your Home's Energy Dollar: An Energy Management Workbook for the Homeowner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Energy Information Associates, Inc., Littleton, CO.

    This workbook is intended to teach the homeowner some actions to be taken in the home to conserve energy and reduce energy-related costs. The workbook is arranged around five steps: (1) read utility meters, (2) study utility bills, (3) "tune-up" home energy systems, (4) make informed decisions about energy conservation products, and (5)…

  18. Alphabetic List of All DoD Prime Contractors (No Dollars), FY84.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    TOHOKU CHRISTINA-SPRING-SIELBCH ASSC CIBRO SALES CORP CHIZAKI & MATSUMURA (JV) CHRISTNER PARTNERSHIP INC THE CIBY GARBAGE DISPOSAL CORP CHIZAKI DORO...INDUSTRIES CINCINNATI MILICRON-HEALD CORP CITY FUEL OIL SERVICE CO INC CLA-VAL CO CINCINNATI SERVICES INC CITY GARBAGE DISPOSAL INC CLACKAMAS OFFICE...CASTER CO NOVA COMMERCIAL COMPANY INC NUCLEAR DATA INC NUWAY TOBACCO COMPANY NOVA ELECTRIC MFG CO INC NUCLEAR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTCTN NUT TECNOLOGIES INC

  19. Maximizing Federal IT Dollars: A Connection Between IT Investments and Organizational Performance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    Nicholas Brealey. Kaplan , R. S., & Norton , D. P. (2005). The balanced scorecard : Measures that drive performance. Harvard Business Review, 83(7/8...performance metrics from the private to the public sector. Retrieved from Balanced Scorecard Institute website: http://www.balancedscorecard. org...172–180. Keyes, J. (2005). Implementing the IT balanced scorecard : Aligning IT with corporate strategy. Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach Publications

  20. The Federal Budget and Rural America: Where Do All the Federal Dollars Go?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abourezk, James; Rucker, George W.

    Despite general recognition that nonmetropolitan areas have a disproportionate share of the nation's problems; that this is both a cause and an effect of rural-urban migration and metropolitan compaction; and despite official rhetoric in favor of "rural-urban balance", virtually all evidence points to a pattern of inequity in Federal outlay for…

  1. From "Solution" to Catalyst: A New Role for Federal Education and Training Dollars. Working Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spring, William J.

    New statistics showing the need for improving the quality of the U.S. work force shift the focus of government-sponsored employment and training programs from social justice to economic security for all. At the same time, statistics show that more than 50 percent of young black males, even those who have a high school education, cannot find jobs.…

  2. Seeing beyond Silos: How State Education Agencies Spend Federal Education Dollars and Why

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Historically, state departments of education, or SEAs, have--for the most part--been compliance-focused organizations that managed federal education policy. Over the past several decades, these agencies have been education policy implementation entities. Today, while their compliance responsibilities have remained, they are taking on more…

  3. Opportunities to Reduce Potential Duplication in Government Programs, Save Tax Dollars, and Enhance Revenue

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-03

    coordination essential More than 20 different agencies; about 56 programs involved Source: GAO-11-318SP. As table 1 shows, many of the issues we...unnecessary costs over time DOD’s Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight Economic development 42. Revising the essential air service program...Energy 45. Improved management of federal oil and gas resources could result in approximately $1.75 billion over 10 years Department of the

  4. Redundancy, Discrimination and Corruption in the Multibillion-Dollar Business of College Admissions Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rizzo, Monica Ellen

    2012-01-01

    Most American colleges and universities require standardized entrance exams when making admissions decisions. Scores on these exams help determine if, when and where students will be allowed to pursue higher education. These scores are also used to determine eligibility for merit based financial aid. This testing persists even though half of the…

  5. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... adjacent row of plants. Tropical depression. A system identified by the U.S. Weather Service as a tropical depression, and for the period of time so designated, including tropical storms, gales, and hurricanes. 2...; (2) Fire; (3) Freeze; (4) Hail; (5) Tornado; (6) Tropical depression; or (7) Failure of the...

  6. Saving Futures, Saving Dollars: The Impact of Education on Crime Reduction and Earnings. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    America's standard of living and international competitiveness will be strengthened if its high schools are improved. Research indicates that about 75 percent of America's state prison inmates, almost 59 percent of federal inmates, and 69 percent of jail inmates did not complete high school. Additionally, the number of prison inmates without a…

  7. The Dollars and Cents of Investing Early: Cost-Benefit Analysis in Early Care and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James; Grunewald, Rob; Reynolds, Arthur

    2006-01-01

    Heckman et al. discuss how cost-benefit analysis of prekindergarten education programs demonstrates that the highest per child benefits stem from programs that focus on economically disadvantaged children. Indeed, studies have shown that these children make significant gains in cognition, social-emotional development, and educational performance…

  8. Saving Futures, Saving Dollars: The Impact of Education on Crime Reduction and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBaun, Bill; Roc, Martens

    2013-01-01

    The nation could save as much as $18.5 billion in annual crime costs if the high school male graduation rate increased by only 5 percentage points, a new report from the Alliance for Excellent Education finds. This report examines and builds upon research that links lower levels of educational attainment with higher rates of arrests and…

  9. Wasted health care dollars. Routine cord blood type and Coombs' testing.

    PubMed

    Leistikow, E A; Collin, M F; Savastano, G D; de Sierra, T M; Leistikow, B N

    1995-10-01

    To determine if selective newborn cord blood testing (NCBT) could contain costs without increasing morbidity of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN). A national telephone survey confirmed the common practice of routine blood type and Coombs' NCBT. Two 12-month study arms, retrospective and prospective, were conducted. Hemolytic disease of the newborn was studied retrospectively under an unrestricted NCBT policy. Then, HDN was studied after a policy change that restricted NCBT to patients in newborn intensive care units and normal newborns with clinical jaundice or Rh-negative mothers, and/or positive maternal antibody screenings, or unavailable maternal blood testing. All newborns (N = 8501) at the Metro-Health Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, were studied (retrospective arm, all 1989 admissions; prospective arm, all July 1990 to June 1991 admissions). Blood type and Coombs' NCBT, maternal blood type and antibody screening, Hobel risk scores for clinical severity of newborn hospitalization, duration of hospitalizations, and peak serum bilirubin levels. No quantitative or qualitative increases in morbidity from jaundice were detected by retrospective analysis with unrestricted NCBT, or prospectively after selective testing on 4498 newborns. Each study arm resulted in 15 readmissions for jaundice; these included two patients with ABO HDN. Furthermore, selective testing resulted in performance of NCBTs on only 390 infants in the "normal" nursery (24% of the original sample). Estimates projected on 1991 US births (4,111,000) showed that selective NCBT offers potential yearly savings above $30.8 million of patient charges, savings above $11.3 million of hospital costs, and the reassignment of more than 112 personnel full-time equivalents. Selective NCBT decreases the use of resources and costs without apparent additional patient morbidity from HDN.

  10. Reinvesting the IT Dollar: From IT Firefighting to Quality Strategic Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Andrea

    2001-01-01

    Describes how organizations can become effective, efficient managers of the large maintenance part of their information technology budgets by using service management processes. Discusses the example of the University of Sydney Library's use of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) set of service management practices. (EV)

  11. Making the Most of Your Energy Dollars in Home Heating & Cooling. NBS Consumer Information Series 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Madeleine; Petersen, Stephen R.

    This pamphlet is a homeowner's guide to home weatherization. It provides a step-by-step energy audit that anyone can use to help determine the insulation needs of their home. This is not a "how-to-do-it" booklet, but is a guide by which homeowners can determine the best combination of improvements for their house, climate, and fuel…

  12. Evaluating the Tradeoffs Between Dollars Spent and Lives saved in Military Settings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-18

    observing the amount of money workers sacrifice to avoid a slightly higher chance of death, and so might be better thought of as the value of mortality...respondents carefully consider the alternatives that are presented. Specifically, researchers should prioritize the creation of unbiased surveys. For...positive VSLs stems from people changing jobs across occupations or industries possibly endogenously rather than from variation in risk levels over

  13. Helping Undergraduates Discover the Value of a Dollar through Self-Monitoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Lance; Bliss, Donna L.; Goetz, Joseph W.; Moorman, Diann

    2010-01-01

    Many college undergraduates lack basic financial management knowledge and skills while bearing ever increasing debt burdens upon graduation. In order to encourage students to become aware of their spending patterns and weigh those patterns against personal values, a self-monitoring project was implemented as a class activity. The resulting effect…

  14. Innovations in Teaching Race and Class Inequality: "Bittersweet Candy" and "The Vanishing Dollar"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harlow, Roxanna

    2009-01-01

    Instructors teaching students about social inequality, especially sexism and racism, often face some degree of student resistance. Opposition is particularly strong when students are from a white, middle to upper class background. As Haddad and Lieberman (2002) remark, "Students from privileged backgrounds lack personal experience with structures…

  15. Tomorrow`s energy today for cities and counties: Energy dollars relieve municipal budget pressures

    SciTech Connect

    1995-10-01

    All cities and counties are heavy energy users, but many opportunities exist for savings. According to the National Science Foundation, cities can often reduce energy costs by 15% without affecting the services they provide to their citizens. These reductions can take place in almost all municipal operations, including buildings, water supply and treatment, and transportation. One opportunity for savings in a municipality that requires little upfront investment involves coordinating an energy program. This is a key first step to effective energy management. This process usually involves all city departments and often relies on the expertise of existing staff. There are at least two financial components of effective energy management: accounting and budget incentives. The article explains how these incentives work and how Phoenix, Arizona lowered its energy bill.

  16. Alphabetic List of All DoD Prime Contractors (No Dollars), FY83.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    RENOVATIONS COMMUNICATIONS APPLIED TECHNOLOGY COMPANIA TELEFONICA NACIONAL DE ES COMMERCIAL RENOVATIONS OF VA INC COMMUNICATIONS CORP OF AMERICA...CONSTRUCTION CO INC M F P ENTERPRISES INC M L ENERGIA INC M B R ASSOCIATES INC M F SERVICES INC M M L COMPUTERS INC M B T B ARCHITECTS & ENGINEERS INC M F...PIZZAGALLI CONSTRUCTION CO INC PINSON A-SOCIATES INC PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC PIZZOLI SPA PINTURAS ABREGO S A PIPELINE UTILITY CONSTRUCTION CO PLACE

  17. Dropouts, Diplomas, and Dollars: U.S. High Schools and the Nation's Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amos, Jason

    2008-01-01

    America's high schools are hemorrhaging talent at the rate of seven thousand students every school day--a steady drip that grows into a tidal wave of more than 1.2 million dropouts each year, a number equal to the entire population of Dallas or San Diego. Jobs that require relatively little education are increasingly done by machines or shipped…

  18. Awarding Dollars Based on Student Need: A Recommendation to Implement Weighted Student Funding in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Resource Strategies, 2014

    2014-01-01

    As the state of Georgia considers revising its K-12 funding formula, Education Resource Strategies (ERS) recommends the state implement a weighted student-funding formula (WSF) system in order to create resource use flexibility for districts and to remove the marginal inequity found in its current funding system. Additionally, such a change would…

  19. Generic Eye Drops for Seniors Could Save Millions of Dollars a Year

    MedlinePlus

    ... report that eye doctors caring for seniors prescribe brand-name medications in more than three-quarters of ... health care, and policies that favor generics over brand medications or allow Medicare to negotiate drug prices ...

  20. Investing 101: How Your School District Can Turn Those Pennies into Dollars through Wise Investments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Anne S.

    1999-01-01

    Districts should develop a conservative investment policy, give the finance director appropriate latitude, and avoid using local banks as investment brokers. They should secure adequate bank protection against things going wrong, use competitive bidding, expect interest rates to fluctuate, and accept risk the district can live with. (MLH)

  1. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards, Fiscal Year 1963

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1963-01-01

    Shell Caribbean Petroleum Co. 28. F M C Corp. 76. Sinclair Oil Corp. 92. Flying Tiger Line, Inc. 58. Socony Mobil Oil Co. 23. Ford Motor Co. 10. Sperry...Altec Lansing C rp. 0.3 Continental Electronics tMfg. Co. 5.9 Continental Electronics Systems, Inc. 0.1 F F & M Electronics, Inc. 0.7 Kentron Hawaii...BUSI3eSS MACMMES CORP. 203.0 0.d Service Bureau Corp. 0.3 Total 203,3 0 53.5 28. F M C CORP. 199.1 0.8 54.3 29. ITTON INDUSTRIS, INC. 6.6 d/ Aero

  2. A Study of Resource Sharing in the State of Arizona: Optimizing Library Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; King, Donald W.

    The objectives of the project described in this report were to provide specific, clearly defined options for Arizona libraries to share information and bibliographic resources, propose strategies for implementing the options, and present a phased implementation schedule for implementing them. The report begins with an executive summary which…

  3. Constructing a Self-Funded Program Takes More than Just Dollars and Cents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Scott

    2012-01-01

    With a little ingenuity and a lot of dedication, the author created a self-funded construction program that is weathering the ups and downs of school funding; it enjoys great support from the community, is accomplishing more with less, and collaborative efforts between teachers are paying off. Creating such a program takes time, vision,…

  4. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... and processors—(1) Natural business unit pools. A pool shall consist of all items entering into the entire inventory investment for a natural business unit of a business enterprise, unless the taxpayer... business enterprise is composed of only one natural business unit, one pool shall be used for all of its...

  5. Green Consciousness or Dollar Diplomacy? The British Response to the Threat of Ozone Depletion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, James H.; Weiner, Sanford L.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the British role in the regulation of believed ozone-depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons. Recounts the history of the British policies during the emergence of the issue from 1974-80; a period of tactical resistance from 1980-87; and a change in policy from 1987-90. (66 references) (MDH)

  6. Norplant debate: dollars v. sense. Is Norplant discount in U.S. too little, too late?

    PubMed

    1994-01-01

    At a Congressional hearing of the pricing strategy for Norplant, and after several family planning specialists testified that Norplant's cost ($365) makes it inaccessible to many US women, Wyeth-Ayerst announced that, in 2 years, it would provide Norplant to public sector family planning clinics at a discount price. Just 1.4% of clients at Planned Parenthood clinics choose Norplant, because it is too costly. While Title X clinic officials are pleased with this announcement, many family planning providers wonder what the manufacturer's motives are. The president of the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association believes that the announcement is a press ploy. The Wyeth spokesperson said the original licensing agreement with the Population Council allowed a public sector price 5 years after Norplant's introduction in the US market. The 5-year delay was intended to build private sector support and to allow Wyeth to recover its marketing and training expenses. Wyeth also wanted Norplant to become a mainstream contraceptive, so it became concerned about the private sector. Yet, the law requires a 15% rebate for qualified public health clinics now. Few family planners expressed praise for Wyeth, since it revealed no details on the public sector price. Further, health care reform may alter drug pricing before the 2-year period. In early 1994, Wyeth's exclusive patent on Norplant and on levonorgestrel expires, allowing other companies to enter the implant market. Yet, other companies need at least 1 year to negotiate with the US Food and Drug Administration for approval, thereby allowing Wyeth a window to dominate the market. Thus, by the time the 2 years is up, the discount will have no meaning. Family planners have criticized Wyeth for not offering a public sector discount for a long time, especially since public funds contributed to Norplant's development. Wyeth's only contribution was levonorgestrel. It allowed the Population Council to use levonorgestrel in exchange for the right to market Norplant in the US and Canada.

  7. Connecting Spending and Results: Tying Dollars Spent to National, Campus Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellman, Jane

    2009-01-01

    As Americans near the end of the first decade of the new millennium, higher education in the United States is caught in a classic "good news/bad news" dilemma. The good news? Broad recognition of the importance of higher education to the country's future, along with larger federal funding increases than at any time in their history. The bad news?…

  8. Constructing a Self-Funded Program Takes More than Just Dollars and Cents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Scott

    2012-01-01

    With a little ingenuity and a lot of dedication, the author created a self-funded construction program that is weathering the ups and downs of school funding; it enjoys great support from the community, is accomplishing more with less, and collaborative efforts between teachers are paying off. Creating such a program takes time, vision,…

  9. Making Training Dollars Count: Distance Education and the Certified Public Manager Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogelsang-Coombs, Vera

    1999-01-01

    Presents three accountability relationships for assessing the appropriateness of using distance education in the Certified Public Manager (CPM) program educational accountability, financial accountability, and organizational accountability. Identifies factors inhibiting investment in distance education, including the necessity for a major modal…

  10. Dollars, lobbying, and secrecy: how campaign contributions and lobbying affect public policy.

    PubMed

    Seymour, Whitney North; Seymour, Gabriel North

    2013-01-01

    Public policy is too often determined not by the merits of the case but, rather, by individuals, corporations, and even countries who buy influence and alter public policy for the benefit of only a few. As a wrap-up for this conference on "Corporate Interference with Science and Health: Fracking, Food and Wireless," it is our intent to provide a personal story of how money can buy favors and determine policies that are often counter to the public interest and can even lead to failure to protect the health of the public. Given our background in law specific to the US, the basis of our evidence comes from legal rulings as well as legislative actions that have had an impact on policies in the US. While the specifics of governments vary, related activities surrounding money, lobbying, who knows who, and how decisions are made in secret to benefit a few are events that occur everywhere.

  11. Initiatives for Containing the Cost of Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massy, William F.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author offers a comprehensive reform agenda for policymakers interested in cost containment. Massy lays out a series of initiatives that, working in tandem, can promote the larger goal of compelling colleges to spend money wisely. Among the individual reforms Massy proposes are creating a national database of cost-containment…

  12. Cost-Effective Computing: Making the Most of Your PC Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Walt

    1992-01-01

    Lists 27 suggestions for making cost-effective decisions when buying personal computers. Topics covered include physical comfort; modem speed; color graphics; institutional discounts; direct-order firms; brand names; replacing versus upgrading; expanding hard disk capacity; printers; software; wants versus needs; and RLIN (Research Libraries…

  13. The Dollars and Cents of Conventional Processing of Standard-Size Blanks

    Treesearch

    Philip A. Araman; Bruce G. Hansen

    1983-01-01

    Manufacturers of furniture and cabinets normally use over 2 billion board feet of hardwood lumber or about one-third of all hardwood lumber demanded each year. Although the current market for hardwood lumber reflects the overall economic downturn, competition for limited better grade hardwood resources will intensify when the economy improves. So, we need to improve...

  14. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the amount of DASTM gain or loss as determined under paragraph (d) of this section. (c) Translation... the translation period (as defined in paragraph (c)(7) of this section) to which they relate. However... rate determined by reference to a translation period prior to the change in functional currency....

  15. Dollars and Sense: A Study of the Impact of School Reform on Urban High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salmon, Sabrina

    2012-01-01

    School leaders must determine the most efficient and effective means of complying with national, state, and local policies. Administrators determine methods to meet the needs of all stakeholders. School leaders in Oklahoma selected school improvement techniques to assist with improving student performance. This causal-comparative study addressed…

  16. Dollars for Sense: Assessing Achievement Gaps in Arkansas in the Context of Substantial Funding Increases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Joshua; Jensen, Nathan C.; Ritter, Gary W.

    2010-01-01

    Forty-four of the fifty states have experienced school finance lawsuits as a consequence of funding gaps between rich and poor districts. In some states, such as Kentucky, lawsuits brought about by property-poor districts have resulted in a statewide remedy that reforms the property tax system and seeks to provide every child with an adequate…

  17. 77 FR 61475 - Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-09

    ... silver, the United States Mint is announcing a new price of $59.95 for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated... Native American $1 Coin and one American Eagle Silver Coin. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: B.B....

  18. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 10 (7030-9999)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    011U t U t U t U t 4U t U t U t U t I~~l 0 ZIII ~ C- 0 0 u1 C. 0 1 01 0 1 1 1 0 1 01 U 1 1d 0 I I 0. 0 . 0.0 .0 .0 .0 0 0. 0 . 0 IA I w LI L U Z...CO w -44 ’I-’ a 1- Qs U - u.; s - . 4 1- ’o’ w 1- &a 002 0w04 0 01 1 2 3 x ezw 0- 1- Z 3, _ I (D 101 z110 0 -ɛ L C> C) W 3 3 Idi .1 zL i 11" 0 3 Il

  19. Dollars and Sense: A Budget-Building Framework of Transparency for Superintendent Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bird, James J.

    2011-01-01

    School superintendents annually need to gain affirmative votes from their governing bodies to approve their district budgets. This paper proposes a framework through which the superintendent can express the district's educational needs and concomitant resource allocations in conceptual terms rather than in multi-columned ledgers. The framework…

  20. Characterization of a broad-scope amino acid transport system in sand dollars

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, J.P.; Bellis, S.; Stephens, G.C. )

    1988-03-01

    Both echinoderm embryos and adults take up {sup 14}C-labelled-{alpha}-amino acids by an apparent broad-scope transport system. This transporter can be characterized as follows: alanine transport is not blocked by {alpha}-(methylamino)isobutyric acid. Leucine and other lipophilic neutral amino acids are preferentially transported. Transport is sodium dependent and blocked by 2-aminobicyclo-(2,2,1)heptane-2-carboxyclic acid. Lysine and aspartate transport is inhibited by lipophilic neutral amino acids. Taurine, a {beta}-neutral amino acid is translocated via a second and independent carrier.

  1. Utilizing Medicaid Dollars To Finance Services to Illinois Citizens with Developmental Disabilities. A Technical Assistance Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gettings, Robert M.

    This report examines possible steps the State of Illinois might take to expand the availability of Medicaid support for services to persons with developmental disabilties. Stressed throughout are the importance of: (1) evaluating whether any given application of Medicaid funding is consistent with the State's goals for persons with developmental…

  2. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards, FY 1976

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-11-22

    Construction 4 r. +2 Petroleum 15 13 -2 Subsistence 1 1 - All Other 1 1 - -, During fiscal year 1976, seven companies. received prime contract awards...T R W INC 39. GENERAL TELEPHONE # ELECTRNCS CORP 2S. TELEDYNE INC 50o. GENERAL TIRE + RUBBER CO 13 . TENNECO INC 49. GOODYEAR TIRE + RUBBER CO 94...INTERNATIONAL CORP 965991 ADMIRAL CORP 13 TOTAL 965,99S4 2.30 31.46 it. HUJGHES AIRCRAFT CO 860,770 HUGH4ES RESEARCH LASS. 66’. SANTA BARBARA RESEARCH

  3. Making the Most of Migrant Health Dollars: How Much Bang for the Buck?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillespie, John J.; Barnett, Stephen E.

    1978-01-01

    The article presents a program planning model for getting the most "bang for the buck" out of migrant health services delivery in Colorado. Elements of the model offer promise as viable short-term solutions to complex care delivery problems, including overlapping manpower, inadequate hospital care linkage and information flow issues.…

  4. Scholars and Dollars: Politics, Economics, and the Universities of Ontario, 1945-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axelrod, Paul

    The impact of economic changes on Canadian universities in Ontario since World War II is explored, with focus on how universities were perceived by the public, why they were supported during the period of expansion, how they set out to fulfill their prescribed functions, and how they were affected by the diminished opportunities and cooler…

  5. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards, FY 1977

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-01-01

    GRUMMAN CORP 33. TELEDYNE INC 54. GUAM OIL + REFINING CO INC 13. TENNECO INC 81. GULF OIL CORP 71. TEXACO, INC 73. HARRIS CORP 29. TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INC V...TENNECO INC 53 CASE (JI) Cn q,,377 CASE POtER + EWIIPMENT LTD 18 . GAS ECUIPMENT E"GRS, INC 62 NEWPORT NEWS SHIPPLE + CRY COCK CC 754,715 TENNECO...3. HRRIS ORP 5,747 HAPPIS COMPUTER SYSTEMS INC 4.9 HARRIS CATA

  6. Dropouts, Diplomas, and Dollars: U.S. High Schools and the Nation's Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amos, Jason

    2008-01-01

    America's high schools are hemorrhaging talent at the rate of seven thousand students every school day--a steady drip that grows into a tidal wave of more than 1.2 million dropouts each year, a number equal to the entire population of Dallas or San Diego. Jobs that require relatively little education are increasingly done by machines or shipped…

  7. The economic consequences of malnutrition in Cambodia, more than 400 million US dollar lost annually.

    PubMed

    Bagriansky, Jack; Champa, Ngy; Pak, Kimchoeun; Whitney, Sophie; Laillou, Arnaud

    2014-01-01

    背景:柬埔寨是全球28 个儿童营养不良发生率最高的国家之一。本文的目的 是运用已发表的营养不良相关的证据及对各种功能的影响,来评估儿童营养不 良高发率的经济影响。这些信息对提出合适的方案和行动计划来降低营养不良 (从严重的发育迟缓到微量营养素缺乏)是至关重要的。方法:本研究用全 球科学文献中关于柬埔寨人的健康、人口和文化的数据,使用“结果模型”,应 用“损失系数”以评估国家与营养不良相关的经济损失。结果:据估计因营养不 良指标的影响,柬埔寨国家经济负担每年增加4 亿美元以上,约占国家GDP 的2.5%。微量营养素缺乏表明膳食质量差,每年给国家造成超过2 亿的负 担,其中母乳喂养行为占6%。57%的损失来自儿童测量指标,其他43%的损 失来自独立于儿童测量的相关指标,如孕产妇的行为指标及孕产妇和成人的营 养。结论:鉴于干预成本低、基线损失高,在柬埔寨投资营养计划有可能获 得高回报和引人注目的收益成本比。由于将近一半的损失在孩子出生之前就决 定了,这预示着项目投资的定位和时间应放在出生前。

  8. Dollars for Sense: Assessing Achievement Gaps in Arkansas in the Context of Substantial Funding Increases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Joshua; Jensen, Nathan C.; Ritter, Gary W.

    2010-01-01

    Forty-four of the fifty states have experienced school finance lawsuits as a consequence of funding gaps between rich and poor districts. In some states, such as Kentucky, lawsuits brought about by property-poor districts have resulted in a statewide remedy that reforms the property tax system and seeks to provide every child with an adequate…

  9. Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions--Technology Counts 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Virginia

    2005-01-01

    This article presents the special issues of the eighth edition of "Education Week's" annual report on education technology, "Technology Counts." The annual report tracks the economic and policy forces that are converging to push those changes, which are happening at the federal, state, and local levels. States and school…

  10. Making Ends Meet: Maximizing the Mental Health Dollar. Human Services Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Rebecca T.

    1988-01-01

    Historically, the financial responsibility for caring for those with mental illness has shifted back and forth from the local community, to the state, to the federal government. Today states provide the vast majority of the funds to the state mental health agencies and oversee local governments and most private resources for mental health funding.…

  11. Making Training Dollars Count: Distance Education and the Certified Public Manager Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogelsang-Coombs, Vera

    1999-01-01

    Presents three accountability relationships for assessing the appropriateness of using distance education in the Certified Public Manager (CPM) program educational accountability, financial accountability, and organizational accountability. Identifies factors inhibiting investment in distance education, including the necessity for a major modal…

  12. 77 FR 22467 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-16

    ... administrative review process of good farming practices as applicable, must be exhausted before any action... for all producers regardless of the size of their farming operation. For instance, all producers are... have produced per acre assuming normal growing conditions and practices by the end of the insurance...

  13. The Fine Print: How Schools Can Get the Best Value for Their Printer Dollar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Careless, James

    2007-01-01

    Printers represent a big chunk of school districts' IT budgets. Unlike computers, however, most of the money schools spend on printers is not on the machines themselves but on keeping them serviced and filled with toner, drums, and paper. In this article, the author discusses five critical questions to ask before buying a printer.

  14. Tightening Eligibility Standards Could Cut Involuntary Retirement Costs by Millions of Dollars.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-25

    told that the _Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is now considering tightening the eligibility standards for early retirement . Accession For NrIs...attributable to their early retirement . Many would have been eligible for normal retirement benefits at a later date and all early re- tirees could have...position situations. For such employees, early retirement would be permitted only after the employing agency certifies there were no vacant positions of

  15. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards, Fiscal Year 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    MOTOROLA INC 205,255 CODEX CORPORATION 22,540 MOTOROLA COMMUNICATIONS & ELEC 51,442 MOTOROLA COMPUTER SYSTEMS INC 170 MOTOROLA GMBH 705 MOTOROLA INC...MAGNAVOX GOVT & INDSTRL ELCTR 190,359 PHILIPS ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS 273 PHILIPS ELECTRONICS NORTH AMER 1,890 PHILIPS LIGHTING CO 223 PHILIPS MEDICAL

  16. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... precipitation sufficient to directly damage the crop. Freeze—The formation of ice in the cells of the plant or... and not cut by a sharp knife in slicing; and (4) Shows no red color. Plant stand—The number of live plants per acre prior to the occurrence of an insurable cause of loss. Planted acreage—In addition to the...

  17. The Dollars and Cents of Investing Early: Cost-Benefit Analysis in Early Care and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heckman, James; Grunewald, Rob; Reynolds, Arthur

    2006-01-01

    Heckman et al. discuss how cost-benefit analysis of prekindergarten education programs demonstrates that the highest per child benefits stem from programs that focus on economically disadvantaged children. Indeed, studies have shown that these children make significant gains in cognition, social-emotional development, and educational performance…

  18. Getting more for their dollar: a comparison of the NHS with California's Kaiser Permanente

    PubMed Central

    Feachem, Richard G A; Sekhri, Neelam K; White, Karen L

    2002-01-01

    Objective To compare the costs and performance of the NHS with those of an integrated system for financing and delivery health services (Kaiser Permanente) in California. Methods The adjusted costs of the two systems and their performance were compared with respect to inputs, use, access to services, responsiveness, and limited quality indicators. Results The per capita costs of the two systems, adjusted for differences in benefits, special activities, population characteristics, and the cost environment, were similar to within 10%. Some aspects of performance differed. In particular, Kaiser members experience more comprehensive and convenient primary care services and much more rapid access to specialist services and hospital admissions. Age adjusted rates of use of acute hospital services in Kaiser were one third of those in the NHS. Conclusions The widely held beliefs that the NHS is efficient and that poor performance in certain areas is largely explained by underinvestment are not supported by this analysis. Kaiser achieved better performance at roughly the same cost as the NHS because of integration throughout the system, efficient management of hospital use, the benefits of competition, and greater investment in information technology. What is already known on this topicComparisons of healthcare systems in different countries have to be undertaken with great care but can be instructiveThe overall healthcare system in the United States is more expensive than the NHS and population health outcomes are no betterThe US healthcare system comprises many discrete and unique subsystems, including the health maintenance organisationsWhat this paper addsAn integrated, non-profit health maintenance organisation in California (Kaiser Permanente), with over six million members, costs about the same as the NHS but performs considerably betterKaiser's superior performance is mainly in prompt and appropriate diagnosis and treatmentThese findings challenge the widely held view that the NHS is efficient and that its inadequacies are mainly due to underinvestment PMID:11799029

  19. Doctors and Dollars Are Not Enough: How to Improve Health Services for Children and Their Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Research Project, Cambridge, MA. Children's Defense Fund.

    This review of child health care services examines some comprehensive primary care programs begun in the past decade throughout the U.S. and explains in simple language current thinking about the organization of health care for children. It is noted that loss of support may threaten certain currently successful programs, and that a great need…

  20. Electronic Transfer: Moving Technology Dollars in New Directions--Technology Counts 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Virginia

    2005-01-01

    This article presents the special issues of the eighth edition of "Education Week's" annual report on education technology, "Technology Counts." The annual report tracks the economic and policy forces that are converging to push those changes, which are happening at the federal, state, and local levels. States and school…

  1. Stretching the Software Dollar: MS-DOS Shareware and Public Domain Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grosch, Audrey N.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses shareware and public domain software for MS-DOS systems that are available through bulletin board systems (BBS). Problems with computer viruses are discussed; shareware available for communications, database and file management, spreadsheets, word processing, and menuing software is described; and source information for software is…

  2. Dollar$ & $en$e. Part VI: Knowledge management: the state of the art.

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, I

    2001-01-01

    In Part I of this series, I introduced the concept of memes (1). Memes are ideas or concepts--the information world equivalent of genes. The goal of this series of articles is to infect you with memes so you will assimilate, translate, and express them. No matter what our area of expertise or "-ology," we all are in the information business. Our goal is to be in the wisdom business. In the previous articles in this series, I showed that when we convert raw data into wisdom, we are moving along a value chain. Each step in the chain adds a different amount of value to the final product: timely, relevant, accurate, and precise knowledge that then can be applied to create the ultimate product in the value chain--wisdom. In part II of this series, I introduced a set of memes for measuring the cost of adding value (2). In part III of this series, I presented a new set of memes for measuring the added value of knowledge, i.e., intellectual capital (3). In part IV of this series, I discussed practical knowledge management tools for measuring the value of people, structural, and customer capital (4). In part V of this series, I applied intellectual capital and knowledge management concepts at the individual level, to help answer a fundamental question: what is my added value (5)? In the final part of this series, I will review the state of intellectual capital and knowledge management development to date and outline the direction of current knowledge management initiatives and research projects.

  3. Dollar$ & $en$e. Part IV: Measuring the value of people, structural, and customer capital.

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, I

    2001-01-01

    In Part I of this series, I introduced the concept of memes (1). Memes are ideas or concepts, the information world equivalent of genes. The goal of this series of articles is to infect you with my memes, so that you will assimilate, translate, and express them. We discovered that no matter what our area of expertise or "-ology," we all are in the information business. Our goal is to be in the wisdom business. We saw that when we convert raw data into wisdom we are moving along a value chain. Each step in the chain adds a different amount of value to the final product: timely, relevant, accurate, and precise knowledge which can then be applied to create the ultimate product in the value chain: wisdom. In Part II of this series, I infected you with a set of memes for measuring the cost of adding value (2). In Part III of this series, I infected you with a new set of memes for measuring the added value of knowledge, i.e., intellectual capital (3). In Part IV of this series, I will infect you with memes for measuring the value of people, structural, and customer capital.

  4. Dollar$ & $en$e. Part V: What is your added value?

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, I

    2001-01-01

    In Part I of this series, I introduced the concept of memes (1). Memes are ideas or concepts--the information world equivalent of genes. The goal of this series of articles is to infect you with memes, so that you will assimilate, translate, and express them. No matter what our area of expertise or "-ology," we all are in the information business. Our goal is to be in the wisdom business. In the previous papers in this series, I showed that when we convert raw data into wisdom we are moving along a value chain. Each step in the chain adds a different amount of value to the final product: timely, relevant, accurate, and precise knowledge that can be applied to create the ultimate product in the value chain: wisdom. In Part II of this series, I introduced a set of memes for measuring the cost of adding value (2). In Part III of this series, I presented a new set of memes for measuring the added value of knowledge, i.e., intellectual capital (3). In Part IV of this series, I discussed practical knowledge management tools for measuring the value of people, structural, and customer capital (4). In Part V of this series, I will apply intellectual capital and knowledge management concepts at the individual level, to help answer a fundamental question: What is my added value?

  5. Optimizing recovery using on-line ash analyzers or sorting for dollars

    SciTech Connect

    Litz, P.

    1995-08-01

    The quest for profitability in the complex coal industry requires continual examination of common practices looking for better and more cost effective methods of performing these tasks. As the available coal reserves become more difficult to mine and the quality decreases, this examination process grows in importance. Over the past fifteen years, we have all seen major changes in the methods used to mine, clean and load coal in an attempt to increase the bottom line and proliferate a safer work place. The long wall mining method has greatly increased the profitably of the larger mines that have the reserves and the seams suitable for this method. Bigger and faster conveyor belts have increased loading capacities and decreased time spent performing the task. New technology in the cleaning and preparation of coal has also assisted in increasing yield and thus decreasing the final cost of a ton of coal. What about the smaller mines that do not have the mining conditions or reserves for a longwall or the monetary resources to upgrade belt lines and preparation plants, they to must remain profitable. The on-line ash analyzer is one answer that is not only for the smaller mines but can show quick and substantial returns for the larger operations. The on-line ash analyzer is a nuclear device that is mounted directly on the conveyor belt to produce an instantaneous ash analysis on the coal as it moves beneath the detector. The on-line ash analyzer is described.

  6. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards. Fiscal Year 1992

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    NETWORK SYSTEMS INC 14,279 HUGHES STX CORPORATION 4,054 HUGHES TRAINING SYS INC 20,402 S T SYSTEMS CORPORATION 290 SPECTROLAB INC 599 TRANSLANT INC...INC 43 HUUdES DANBURY OPTICAL SYSTEMS 48,627 HUGHES ELECTRO OPTICAL OPNS IN 17,922 HUGHES LAN CYSTEMS INC 1,019 HUGHES MICROELECTRONICS LTD 85 HUGHES

  7. Afghan Police Vehicle Maintenance Contract: Actions Needed to Prevent Millions of Dollars from Being Wasted

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    2011, the DOD Office of Inspector General identified deficiencies in oversight of a prior ANA vehicle maintenance contract, including the...Candler, Auditor The following staff provided analytical support: Mia Bonarski, Methodologist SIGAR Audit 13-3/Afghan National Police Vehicle

  8. "English Is Like the Dollar": Hard Currency Ideology and the Status of English in Peru.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nino-Murcia, Mercedes

    2003-01-01

    Presents observations from an agro-pastoral village in the Andes, at the periphery of Lima and from an upper class shopping area and discusses attitudes toward the state-driven promotion of English. Results suggest that there is a belief that English competence is needed for technological advancement, employment opportunities, national progress,…

  9. 12 CFR 713.5 - What is the required minimum dollar amount of coverage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CREDIT UNIONS FIDELITY BOND AND INSURANCE COVERAGE FOR FEDERAL CREDIT UNIONS § 713.5 What is the required... its own internal risk assessment, its fraud trends and loss experience, and factors such as its cash... limit of liability. This requirement does not apply to optional insurance coverage. (e) Any proposal...

  10. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 5 (1005-4810)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    w 0 0 0 - - L- L L . . L.u u U)n4D 0 C C LCLa C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 I w 0 01 0) 0 0 0LL. -.1 Jil < 1 3: 3I I I: I I ui m m to td m 0) (1) 0) 0) 4 ) 0) 0) 0...0- -4 I 4 2 J Z .Z4 Z c 2 004 u 5 %- I a- 5 𔃿 0 0 0 aL -4 G a, L- L. 5 - %- t " L. > a I.- = -5 45 Z. C td 114- r 45 4 4 I 5 "a ub -4- 0 o. Cr L -4 c...0 0 .- 1 -. . 1 W1n on Z Z - c 22 Z 2 2 Z 2 r 4v ’. w ’m 4 0 14 td m4 ’ 14 ’-ou4 u - x) 1- EU I-- 0 0 0 C. 0 0 0 0 C 0 0Q E 2: I I 0 w I1 1 - 0e z

  11. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 7. (1005-2845)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 wi 0000 000000000000000001 - U In ti-I Ut IA U tilE Ut Ut tD Ut Ut Ut U Ut Ut Ut Qt ut IA Q z )- l 1 .,4 -4 .. 4...O O O-4 4)ou o L L.0h.4 - 4 -44 𔃾 - 4 - -4 -P4 -4 -4 L. td -4 t4 -4 -4 -4 -4 L. 1 Ix 1tt 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ’D 0 E o 0 o 0 0 0m 0 W 4 0 (0 I I 4- %- 4...m )0 z 0 0 I 1 I ) 4- 4- I.- %- 0 D C %- =---4 L1 I ZI C 4 0 >, . 4 N 0 ., 4 0 0 1 H - I =)I C 44 L - -- 4- M 4 0 4-L - 4 3 ex I o 0 4 0 td . go m0 4

  12. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 7 (6650-9999)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    4 > 4 1 E 4 4 4 4 W 4 0 0N 41 IL A ati Ij > C E 0 EU >. 0E I I w4 0 x 4 4 Ix EUQ 0 0 w 4 0~~ 0>- C " , C 0 - U) - 0 0 C EU EU ECEL 01 Lj w- EU L NC...I C)1- 4- a ( m "> < -4 -4 0: -.4 EU c .3: - C..- 4 3: -.- 4 -4 -4 -4 IU) toI 0 0 0 - td a,0 0 EU .C a 0 0 0 EU 0 10 0 0 L) EU) (. C) le Z C) 1 > Z) C...0 < 0 04 w w 0 < w 04 00 04) -AI 0r 1 ’ . 4’ -4 -. 4 .=’ 4 .-4 L -. c4 -4 ..4 - -.4 -. .4 -𔃾 r_) c rd F00 td c 0 0 M 0 U 00 c L) II 01 01 00 0 0s 0

  13. An institutionally funded program for educational research and development grants: it makes dollars and sense.

    PubMed

    Albanese, M; Horowitz, S; Moss, R; Farrell, P

    1998-07-01

    Lack of funding for educational research and a paucity of researchers with academic credibility have been identified as the key issues facing the medical education research enterprise. The authors argue that institutionally supported programs for educational research and development grants can help to address these issues. This report (1) describes the general rationale for having such programs, (2) describes the development of such a program at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, and (3) reports the outcome of the first three cycles of awards. The program outcomes include 28 intramurally funded projects, a 200% increase in funds for educational research from local sources other than the medical school, two new grants funded from extramural sources, one peer-reviewed publication, three presentations at national meetings, and six presentations at local meetings. Such a program is an excellent mechanism for demonstrating the administration's support for educational efforts and also provides a way to factor peer review of educational efforts into the faculty promotion process. The authors argue that these two reasons alone are sufficient to justify the development of such programs, although the outcomes at the University of Wisconsin also show compelling added value.

  14. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 6 (4820-6645)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    0 0W U, I I w0 m) co U) m’ m -s w m N r- w0 0w U, w -4 m’ m’ -* 0 > N "U IN P-- a D -4 -4 CN N - -(N C 4 NO ) -4 0 - a 4 I) aL CL aL C L0 L O 6 0 6 0 L...4 0 UW U) I ’) 4-4 N 4 -4 N-4 -4 1 o aco 4 w aL a 4 to a zm a aJ a ao a Lam I Iama 1 00 "a1 l V 0 V 1 a) 4) 0 )4 ) 4 4 ) 4 ) 4 ) 1 ) a ) ama.L - L.L 6 ...L L . L . L L - L - L a) a) a2 )a ) w w 0 0 0 ()

  15. When Dollars Follow Students: The Political Viability, Equity and Workability of Weighted Funding Formulas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deroche, Timothy R.; Cooper, Bruce S.; Ouchi, William G.

    2004-01-01

    For more than a decade, education reformers have admired the achievements of the Edmonton Public Schools in Canada, and school districts across the United States have attempted to replicate Edmonton's success with school-site decision making. However, most districts have stopped short of implementing one policy that is central to Edmonton's…

  16. Insufficient dollars and qualified personnel to meet United States mental health needs.

    PubMed

    Weil, Thomas P

    2015-04-01

    The American populace currently supports the need for providing additional mental health services for adolescents who frequently express anger and mood instability and maybe are at risk for major psychiatric disorders and behavioral problems; Vietnam, Iraqi, and Afghanistan veterans or military personnel still on duty diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, or other similar combat-related disabilities; the approximately 1 million prisoners currently incarcerated primarily because of substance abuse and needing medically related rehabilitative services; and senior citizens who experience dementia and depression and require improved therapeutics. The problems outlined herein are as follows: far too limited monies are being spent for mental health services (5.6% of total US expenditures for health or roughly one fifth of what is consumed for hospital care); effective therapies are often lacking; and there is a shortage of qualified mental health personnel except in upscale urban and suburban areas. Unfortunately, these problems are so immense that, even with enhanced prioritization of our available resources, they are still not entirely solvable. The American public may continue to impart lip service when attempting to respond to our nation's mental health needs or may decide to spend vastly more money for such care. The latter choice may not be forthcoming in the near future for various cultural-societal-clinical-fiscal reasons.

  17. A bill to establish a small dollar loan-loss guarantee fund, and for other purposes.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Kohl, Herb [D-WI

    2009-12-02

    Senate - 12/02/2009 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  18. Financial Literacy Makes Dollars and Sense for Student Loan Borrowers and Lenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilke, Alisa

    2013-01-01

    "American Student Assistance" has a unique window onto students during some very important milestones in their formative financial years. This nonprofit interacts with students from the time they're choosing a college, to applying for financial aid and loans, to starting a first job, getting that first apartment, making that dreaded…

  19. High-Stakes Hustle: Public Schools and the New Billion Dollar Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baines, Lawrence A.; Stanley, Gregory Kent

    2004-01-01

    High-stakes testing costs up to $50 billion per annum, has no impact on student achievement, and has changed the focus of American public schools. This article analyzes the benefits and costs of the accountability movement, as well as discusses its roots in the eugenics movements of the early 20th century.

  20. Agency announces policy on use of U.S. dollars to fund abortions.

    PubMed

    1994-05-27

    In an April 1994 statement, the USAID articulated its current policy on abortion. Reiterating the Clinton Administration's view that abortions should be "safe, legal, and rare," the policy remains surprisingly close to the positions of the Reagan and Bush Administrations. According to the Helms Amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA), AID monies cannot be used for the "performance of abortion as a method of family planning." Under the previous Administrations, AID ceased all abortion funding based on this restrictive language. The Clinton Administration policy notes that AID neither "advocate[s] the use of abortion as a method of family planning" nor "use[s] its policies or programs to restrict ... [the] right to choose" abortion. Yet it interprets the Helms Amendment to permit abortion funding only in cases of rape, incest, and life endangerment--the same conditions placed on federal Medicaid funds by the Hyde Amendment. Funds can also be used for the treatment of complications caused by unsafe, incomplete, or septic abortions. Because the US is a major contributor to population and family planning programs, a change in AID policy can have a widespread impact on the reproductive health of women worldwide, especially in developing countries. Up to 167,000 women are estimated to die each year as a result of unsafe abortion and its complications.

  1. Dollars for Excellence: Raising Private Money for Private Schools--and Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunce, Roy K.; Leggett, Stanton

    This book was written to help school boards undertake a systematic campaign of fund raising for public schools. The introduction describes the importance of fund raising that grows out of a school district's long-term goals and current programs. The two categories of fund raising include event- and donor-centered fund raising. Section 1 presents…

  2. Recovery Act Investments in Broadband: Leveraging Federal Dollars to Create Jobs and Connect America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Executive Office of the President, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Broadband touches nearly every aspect of the U.S. economy, providing Americans with unprecedented opportunities in employment, education, health care, entrepreneurship, and civic participation. For millions of Americans without adequate access to broadband, however, the possibility of falling behind in the knowledge-based economy is real.…

  3. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards: Fiscal Year 1988

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-01

    aircr-’t. Nuclear submarines. M- 1 tank. TOMAHAWK, STINGER, RIM-66 standard missiles, and SPARROW missile systems. MK-15 close-in weapon system. 3...General Electric Co. AEGIS missile system. F-100, T-700, and F-110 engines. Nuclear reactors for submarines. Underwater sound equipment. RDT&E for missile...space systems, ships, aircraft, and electronics/ communication equipment. 4. Tenneco, Inc. Nuclear aircraft carriers. SSN-688 submarine. 5. Raytheon

  4. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards, fiscal Year 1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    systems, and electronics/communication equipment. 2. General Dynamics Corp. F-16 FALCON fighter aircraft. Nuclear submarines. M-1 tank. TOMAHAWK...100 and F-110 engines. Nuclear reactors for submarines. Underwater sound equipment. RDT&E for missile/space systems, ships, aircraft, and...6 E G & G PRINCETON APPLIED RES 229 E G & G RETICON 18,294 E G & G ROTRON 434 E G & G SEALOL INC 1,813 E G & G SPECIAL PROJECTS INC 931 E G & G

  5. Making Ends Meet: Maximizing the Mental Health Dollar. Human Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Rebecca T.

    1986-01-01

    In light of reduced or eliminated federal funding, this report discusses mental health services provisions. The history of mental health service funding is presented. Funding responsibility is traced from communities, to states, to private health insurance, to federal assistance, to community provision with state and federal funds, and finally to…

  6. Gifts of the Magi: "Chef," "Million Dollar Arm," and Cultural Mixtures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    When groups using different cultural systems encounter one another in diverse societies, their previous cultures are transformed into a merged, complex cultural picture. Some culture areas are preserved while others are adjusted, exchanged, and merged. In our society, introducing groups to the cooking of other groups is a form of contact which…

  7. Scientific misconduct. How prevalent is fraud? That's a million-dollar question.

    PubMed

    Marshall, E

    2000-12-01

    How often does scientific misconduct occur? There seems to be no consensus on the answer, although a range of estimates were presented at a conference called last month by a key federal watchdog agency to announce a $1 million grants program to investigate the prevalence of fraud, data fabrication, plagiarism, and other questionable practices in science. The 8-year-old Office of Research Integrity hopes to support studies gauging the frequency of misconduct and assessing efforts to raise ethical standards.

  8. U3As in Australia and New Zealand: Society's Four Million-Dollar Bonanza.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swindell, Rick; Vassella, Ken

    University of the Third Age (U3A) programs in Australia and New Zealand were examined through data collected from 126 U3A groups in Australia and 20 in New Zealand. The 24,870 responses and 2,002 responses obtained in Australia and New Zealand, respectively, represented 76% and 77% of U3A group members in the two countries. Data were collected…

  9. Career Alternatives: Providing a Cafeteria of Choices through Career Alternative Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renner, K. Edward

    1986-01-01

    Part of the crisis in higher education is due to the age and tenure distribution of the faculty and their escalating future salary costs. Universities must find ways to gain financial and academic flexibility. Career alternatives that can provide inducements for faculty to leave the university are described. (Author/MLW)

  10. Submitting for Dollars: Playing the Funding Game to Promote Transcultural Nursing.

    PubMed

    Amerson, Roxanne

    2015-07-01

    Research requires funding! Every researcher understands the crucial role that money plays in implementing a research study. Research for nursing is no different. In the current economic environment, funding sources have become limited. Therefore, researchers need to be prepared to submit grant proposals which will give them a competitive edge over other proposals. This paper will: (1) describe the development of a grant proposal for National Institutes of Health funding, and (2) provide suggestions to novice researchers about how to write a proposal that has the potential to receive a fundable score. This team of early stage investigators submitted a proposal which received a fundable score, but was not selected for funding. The proposal was revised, re-submitted, and received a highly competitive score that did result in funding. The lessons learned from this process can be useful for other nurses seeking to secure funding for their research projects.

  11. The Million Dollar Letter: Some Hints on How to Write One

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, Marshall

    2004-01-01

    This article suggests ways of writing a truly effective cover letter, an extremely important document in the search for a job. First, features gleaned from 13 model letters in technical writing textbooks yield figures on the number of words, sentences, and paragraphs per letter, plus the average number of words per sentence and paragraph,…

  12. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards, FY 1980.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    AWARDS IN FISCAL YEAR 1980 RANK PARENT COMPANY RANK PARENT COMPANY 66. AEROSPACE CORP (N) 37. INTERNATIONAL TELEPHONE + TEL CORP 53. AGIP S P A 63. JOHNS...0.29 57.43 53. AGIP S P A 223,660 0.29 57.72 54. TEXACO INC 1,629 CALTEX ASIA LTD 1/ 902 CALTEX NEW ZEALAND, INC 51 CALTEX OIL PAKISTAN 7 CALTEX OIL

  13. Black College Dollars: Scholarships for African-American Students. 2007-2008 Directory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fritsch, Adrienne; O'Brien, Colleen

    2008-01-01

    This scholarship guide was created for African-American students as one way to make their scholarship search a little easier. Inside this guide, readers will find information about scholarships that are designed to reduce the cost of college for African-American students, and for all students of color. Along with the who's, what's, and how's for…

  14. Dollars and Sense: A Guide to Spending on Children and Families in Illinois [with] Appendix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagle, Ami

    Political changes underway at both the federal and state levels will dramatically affect public policies for children and their families in the years ahead. Drawing from over 550 budget line items in 10 state departments from 1990 to 1995, this report looks at spending on Illinois' children and families by program areas, with some specific…

  15. Hands-On Physics for Less than a Dollar per Hand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGervey, John D.

    1995-01-01

    Describes some inexpensive activities and demonstrations that illustrate basic concepts that are often overlooked, as a low-cost means to foster student participation in physics classes. Activities described deal with acceleration and forces, freefall, conservation of energy and momentum, conservation of angular momentum, and resonance. (JRH)

  16. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... temperatures. Fresh market tomatoes. Field grown mature green or ripe fresh market tomatoes that meet the... market tomatoes from the plants, excluding tomatoes salvaged by penhookers. Mature green tomato. A tomato... harvests are completed. Plant stand. The number of live plants per acre prior to the occurrence of...

  17. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... temperatures. Fresh market tomatoes. Field grown mature green or ripe fresh market tomatoes that meet the... market tomatoes from the plants, excluding tomatoes salvaged by penhookers. Mature green tomato. A tomato... harvests are completed. Plant stand. The number of live plants per acre prior to the occurrence of...

  18. Making Your Purchasing Dollars Count--Mistakes To Avoid in Purchasing from Catalogs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2002-01-01

    Describes common mistakes to be avoided by child care directors in early childhood catalog purchasing. Notes roadblocks to successful purchases, including failing to check out seller's reliability, comparing prices without including shipping costs or considering product quality, failing to anticipate needs, ordering from outdated catalogs, failing…

  19. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards, Fiscal Year 1983

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    CORP 84. NI INDUSTRIES 99. CUBIC CORP 53. NORTH AMER!CAN PHILIPS CORP 100. DIGITAL EOUIPMENT CORP 26. NORTHROP CORP 83. DUCHOSSOIS THRAL. GROUP INC 58...RESEARCH + ENGINEERING CO 40 RELIANCE ELECTRIC CO 1,484 TOTAL 874,215 0.68 50.57 26. NORTHROP CORP 729,741 NORTHROP SERVICES INC 8,086 NORTHROP WORLDWIDE...WHEELABRATOR FRYE 1,263 TOTAL 342,310 0.27 61.27 51. ROYAL DUTCH SHELL GROUP SHELL CHEMICAL INC 363 SHELL EASTERN PETROLEUM PTE LTC 120,140 SHELL

  20. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 7 (2930-5450)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    mIto C C C C C C £ C C CC C C C C C C a.. a. am cc m.a .a . m. a a A. Aa a Al 0A aa A a. m. a us 41 CA C E E E E E EC E E E E E C E E E InU cc 0 0 0...em CL3iI3, IVala 00 00 00 z AC C LCLC L L 0 6 LC CeLta & 0 C 6C w alec oL sea4 acC c ,IC c C c cC c C cC 4 121 zzzz zzz zz so--s 64 >. > :a, , "In