Details on the biography of Jerzy Neyman
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gaina, Alex
2003-04-01
Details on the biography of Jerzy Neyman (1894-1981) and a short outline of the native town Tighina in Basarabia (the Republic of Moldova) of the outstanding mathematician and statistician, astronomer, meteorologist, biologist, philosopher and sociologist, founder of the mathematical theory of selection has been given.
Professor Jerzy Kaulbersz, pioneer of Polish gastroenterology.
Konturek, S J
2011-04-01
Jerzy Kaulbersz was undoubtedly the father of experimental gastroenterological physiology in Poland. He pioneered the neural and endocrine aspects of the mechanisms controlling gastric and pancreatic secretion by assessing the influence on this secretion of vagal nerves and endocrine factors such as gastrin, enterogastrone, urogastrone, pituitary, adrenal, thyroid and sex hormones as well as bile, hypoxia and X-ray irradiation. He introduced various models of peptic ulcerations such as induced by pylorus-ligation (Shay ulcers) or Mann-Williamson ulcers to test the influence of neuroendocrine factors on the formation and healing of these ulcerations. This review is designed to commemorate the outstanding contribution to experimental gastroenterology of Professor Kaulbersz, who first studied biology in German universities to obtain the title of Doctor of Natural Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Freiburg in 1913 and then completed medical studies at the Medical Faculty of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow receiving the title of Doctor of Universal Medicine (MD) in 1920. He then joined Department of Physiology of Jagiellonian University in Krakow as its assistant and gradually was appointed docent and finally promoted to professor in this Department, working here as chairman from 1934 to 1964 with only 7 years interruption when he spent the time of World War II in USA, working at various departments of experimental gastroenterology and publishing his outstanding papers in most prestigious physiology ournals such as American Journal of Physiology. He possessed comprehensive knowledge of physiology and was gifted to create and organize Cracow Department of Physiology. Moreover he became co-founder of the of Polish Physiological Society, the honorary member of American Physiological Association, honorary member of Polish Society of Gastroenterology and Physiology and received the diploma of Doctor Honoris Causa of Medical Academy in Cracow. This ad memoriam note commemorates his
[Doctor of medicine Jerzy Dobrzanski (1889-1970), physician, social activist, independence fighter].
Heimrath, T
1999-01-01
Dr. Jerzy Dobrzanski was born in Warsaw in 1889. He attended grade school and graduated from high school there. He began medical studies and graduated from the Jagiellonian University in Krakow in 1914. He served as a surgeon in the Russian Army during World War I. He passed his final medical degree examination in 1921. He specialized in gynecology and obstetrics at Wilno University. From 1923 to 1939, he was head of the obstetrics and gynecology department of the Railway Hospital in Wilno. He became actively involved in social issues and the independence cause as a young pupil, for which he was persecuted. During World War II, he was one of the leaders of the Polish underground resistance movement in the Wilno region. He was sentenced to hard labor in the Soviet gulag, where he stayed from 1945-1956. Upon his return to Poland, dr. Jerzy Dobranski lived and worked as a gynecologist for the Polish Railway in Wroclaw. He died in 1970.
Topics in mathematical physics, general relativity, and cosmology in honor of Jerzy Plebanski
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Plebanski, Jerzy; Garcia-Compean, Hugo
pt. 1. Historical data. Jerzy Plebanski: the quest for new worlds / H. Garcia-Compean ... [et al.]. Pleasant memories with Jerzy Plebanski / D. Finley. My recollections of Jerzy Plebanski / A. Trautman. Working with Pleban / I. Robinson. List of Plebanski's publications -- pt. II. Invited papers (proceedings part). Organizing committee. The higher-energy precursor of the AdS/CFT correspondence / X. Amador ... [et al.]. How black holes grow / A. Ashtekar. Some theorems related to the Jacobi variational principle of analytical dynamics / S. L. Bazanski. Horizon structure of Born-Infeld black hole / N. Breton. Space-time torsion contribution to quantum interference phases / A. Camacho & A. Macias. Squeezing operator and squeeze tomography / O. Castanos ... [et al.]. A producer of universes / R. Cordero & E. Rojas. Moyal star-product on a Hilbert space / G. Dito. Null-Kahler structures, symmetries and integrability / M. Dunajski & M. Przanowski. Helicity basis and parity / V. V. Dvoeglazov. Second order supersymmetry transformations in quantum mechanics / D. J. Fernandez C. & A. Ramos. Generalized symmetries for the sDiff(2) Toda equation / D. Finley & J. K. Mciver. Differential equations and Cartan connections / S. Frittelli ... [et al.]. N = 2 String geometry and the heavenly equations / H. Garcia-Compean. Noncommutative topological and Einstein gravity from noncommutative SL(2, C) BF theory / H. Garcia-Compean ... [et al.]. Conservation laws, constants of the motion, and Hamiltonians / J. Goldberg. Electromagnetic wavelets as Hertzian pulsed beams in complex spacetime / G. Kaiser. Generalized k-deformations and deformed relativistic scalar fields on noncommutative Minkowski space / P. Kosinski ... [et al.]. Structure formation in the Lemaitre-Tolman cosmological model (a non-perturbative approach) / A. Krasinski & C. Hellaby. Ramond-Ramond fields in orientifold backgrounds and K-theory / O. Loaiza-Brito. Large N field theories, string theory and gravity / J
From Rehearsed Monologue to Spontaneous Acting
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Niedzielski, Henri
1972-01-01
Suggests that the effective prerequisites for teaching methods courses are cheerleading, modern dance, and dramatics. Follows acting methods and mental attitudes of Polish director, Jerzy Grotowski. (DS)
From Rehearsed Monologue to Spontaneous Acting
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Niedzielski, Henri
1972-01-01
Suggests that the effective prerequisites for teaching methods courses are cheerleading, modern dance, and dramatics. Follows acting methods and mental attitudes of Polish director, Jerzy Grotowski. (DS)
Parallel Direct Methods for Solving Banded Linear Systems.
1985-08-01
when passing from the 2-D grid architecture to the hypercube architecture. 22 [%22 References [1) J.J. Dongarra and A. Sameh , On some parallel banded...1985. In preparation. [101 A.H. Sameh , Numerical Parallel Algorithms - A Survey, D. Lawrie, A. Sameh ed., High .. Speed Computer and Algorithm
Parallel Direct Methods for Solving Banded Linear Systems.
1985-08-01
Dongarra and A. Sameh , On some parallel banded system solvers, Technical Report MCSD, No. 27, Argonne National Lab., 1984. [2] D. Gannon, J. van...Report , Computer Science Dept., Yale University, 1985. In preparation. [10] A.H. Sameh , Numerical Parallel Algorithms - A Survey., D. Lawrie, A. Sameh
Loneliness, Anxiety, Hostility, and Communication.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mijuskovic, Ben
1986-01-01
Jerzy Kosinski's "The Painted Bird" is used as a case study to illustrate the universal and necessary unity which binds loneliness, hostility, anxiety, and despair over the possibility of communicating within individual isolated human consciousness. (HOD/Author)
Aerogenic Dissemination of Aphtae Epizooticae
1980-03-14
FTD-ID(RS)T-0112-80 FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIVISION AEROGENIC DISSEMINATION OF APHTAE EPIZOOTICAE by Jerzy Wisniewski DTIC A Approved for public release...0112-8o Date14 Mar 19.80 AEROGENIC DISSEMINATION oF APHTAE EPIZOOTICAE Jerzy Wisniewski During aphtae epizooticae the principal cause of the virus...8217 e saliva foam assists in spreading the virus nn the air. The aerosol containing the virus can also be found in evaporation from wet floors, as well
Using Parallel Banded Linear System Solvers in Generalized Eigenvalue Problems
1993-09-01
systems. The PPT algorithm is similar to an algorithm introduced by Lawrie and Sameh in [18]. The PDD algorithm is a variant of PPT which uses the fa-t...AND L. JOHNSSON, Solving banded systems on a parallel processor, Parallel Comput., 5 (1987), pp. 219-246. [10] J. J. DONGARRA AND A. SAMEH , On some...symmetric generalized matrix eigenvalur problem, SIAM J. Matrix Anal. Appl., 14 (1993). [18] D. H. LAWRIE AND A. H. SAMEH , The computation and
Fast Algorithms for Structural Optimization, Least Squares and Other Computations.
1985-07-19
is part of some joint work between our project and 85 9 10 L1 one by A. Sameh at the University of Illinois. A paper on our results will be...equations in the displacement method is given. The scheme is based upon a method recently proposed by Dongarra, Sameh and Sorensen. The effectiveness...be implemented later on the Cedar multiprocessor. This is joint work with A. Sameh 4 in the Computer Science Department at the University of Illinois
Semi-Parametric Generalized Linear Models.
1985-08-01
is nonsingular, upper triangular, and of full rank r. It is known (Dongarra et al., 1979) that G-1 FT is the Moore - Penrose inverse of L . Therefore... GENERALIZED LINEAR pq Mathematics Research Center University of Wisconsin-Madison 610 Walnut Street Madison, Wisconsin 53705 TI C August 1985 E T NOV 7 8...North Carolina 27709 -. -.. . - -.-. g / 6 O5’o UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON MATHD4ATICS RESEARCH CENTER SD4I-PARAMETRIC GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELS
Software Techniques for Non-Von Neumann Architectures
1990-01-01
Cellular System, Hughes Research Laboratory (5) Princeton Nucleic Acid Comparator, Princeton/Brown (6) SLAPP (Systolic Linear Algebra Parallel...variable) Cpu..mze 64 Perform 160Mflops (10/PE x 16) [Dongarra 1987) Market General-purpose and scientific Sofiwarl Unix In, line w algebra kernels... algebraic formulae for deriving the number of computations; the third column gives the repetition rate for each function; the fourth and last column
Mesh-Independent Methods for Agent Movement
2006-02-01
effectively in ecology , where it is often called individual based modeling (IBM)[1]. Some individual based models are spatially explicit meaning that...3-D movement rules of fish for forecasting using a coupled Eulerian- Lagrangian-Agent framework. Journal of Ecological Modeling, 2005. in press. [2...refinement using parallel in-element particle track- ing methods. In José M.L.M. Palma , Jack Dongarra, Vicente Hernández, REFERENCES 21 and A
Trace-Penalty Minimization for Large-scale Eigenspace Computation
2013-03-06
Spectral Projection Method, LBNL Tech Report , Nov 2012. [2] E. ANDERSON, Z. BAI, J. DONGARRA, A. GREENBAUM, A. MCKENNEY, J. DU CROZ, S. HAM- MERLING...N00014-08-1-1101, and NSF Grant DMS-1115950. 1 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of...Information Operations and Reports , 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Petocz, Peter; Sowey, Eric
2008-01-01
In this article, the authors focus on hypothesis testing--that peculiarly statistical way of deciding things. Statistical methods for testing hypotheses were developed in the 1920s and 1930s by some of the most famous statisticians, in particular Ronald Fisher, Jerzy Neyman and Egon Pearson, who laid the foundations of almost all modern methods of…
Bayesian Methods for Determining the Importance of Effects
USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database
Criticisms have plagued the frequentist null-hypothesis significance testing (NHST) procedure since the day it was created from the Fisher Significance Test and Hypothesis Test of Jerzy Neyman and Egon Pearson. Alternatives to NHST exist in frequentist statistics, but competing methods are also avai...
Mining the Popular Culture: The Mass Media and Freshman Composition.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McRae, M. W.
The study of mass media and popular culture in a composition class allows students and teachers together to develop a critical awareness of television and advertising. Jerzy Kosinski's book, "Being There," a novel about the impact of television, is a beginning point for the study of television. Using that book as if it were a collection of events,…
Peace at Virginia Tech; A LEAP to Promote the Liberal Arts
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wilson, Robin; Wasley, Paula
2008-01-01
This article reports that a Virginia Tech professor whose wife was among 32 people killed by a student gunman last year will become director of the university's new Center for Peace Studies and Violence Prevention. Jerzy Nowak will give up his job as chairman of Tech's horticulture department to take the new post on July 1. His wife, Jocelyne…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Petocz, Peter; Sowey, Eric
2008-01-01
In this article, the authors focus on hypothesis testing--that peculiarly statistical way of deciding things. Statistical methods for testing hypotheses were developed in the 1920s and 1930s by some of the most famous statisticians, in particular Ronald Fisher, Jerzy Neyman and Egon Pearson, who laid the foundations of almost all modern methods of…
1967-01-01
EDITED BY LUCIEN M. LE CAM AND JERZY NEYMAN UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS BERKELEY AND LOS ANGELES 1967 A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF AN EXPERIMENT ON...Since 1949 the Mexican Light and Power Company has conducted silver iodide cloud seeding experiments in Necaxa, Puebla , Mexico. This report is a
Mining the Popular Culture: The Mass Media and Freshman Composition.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McRae, M. W.
The study of mass media and popular culture in a composition class allows students and teachers together to develop a critical awareness of television and advertising. Jerzy Kosinski's book, "Being There," a novel about the impact of television, is a beginning point for the study of television. Using that book as if it were a collection of events,…
Hybrid Control Strategies for Rapid, Large Angle Satellite Slew Maneuvers
2003-03-01
arcsecond, or about the width of a human hair seen at a distance of 1 mile � (Quick Facts, 2003). Reaction wheels have a tendency to saturate over time and...Management, Air Force Institute of Technology (AU), Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, March 2000. Hewston , Alan W., Kent A. Mitchell and Jerzy T. Sewicki
Peace at Virginia Tech; A LEAP to Promote the Liberal Arts
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wilson, Robin; Wasley, Paula
2008-01-01
This article reports that a Virginia Tech professor whose wife was among 32 people killed by a student gunman last year will become director of the university's new Center for Peace Studies and Violence Prevention. Jerzy Nowak will give up his job as chairman of Tech's horticulture department to take the new post on July 1. His wife, Jocelyne…
Gaussian Elimination on Hypercubes.
1986-03-01
Research Report 368, Dept Computer Science, Yale University, 1985. [4] J.J. Dongarra, A. Sameh and D.C. Sorensen, Implementation of some concurrent...191 A.H. Sameh . Numerical Parallel Algorithms - A Survey, Lawrie, D. and Sameh , A.H. ed.. High Speed Computer and Algorithm Organization, Academic...Press, 1977, pp. 207-28. [20] A.H. Sameh , D.J. Kuck, On Stable Parallel Linear System Solvers, JACM, 25 (1978), pp. 81-91. 14, IMI" . . . . .7-T K’ ’g
Network Management of Highly Adaptive Communication Networks
1988-02-01
processors and, hence, reduce the computation time to 0 (log’m) have been developed ( e.g. Chen and Kuck 11975-1] and Sameh and Brent [1977-1] ). Evans and...Distributed Comoutin, 1, pp. 22-31. Dongarra. J. J., A. H. Sameh and D. C. Sorensen, 1984-I, "Implementation of Some Concurrent Algorithms for Matrix... Sameh , A. H., and R. P. Brent, 1977-1, "Solving Triangular Systems on a Parallel Com- puter." SIAM J. Numer. Anal.. 14, pp. 1101-1113. I Saunders. M
Modeling Liquid Rocket Engine Atomization and Swirl/Coaxial Injectors
2008-02-27
21. Giffen, E., and Muraszew, A., "Atomization of Liquid Fuels", Chapman and Hall London,1953 22. Lefebvre , A. H., "Atomization and Spray...L.S.Blackford, J. Choi, A. Geary, E. D’Azevedo, J. Demmel, I.Dhillon, J. Dongarra, S.Hammarling, G. Henry , A. Petitet, K. Stanley, D. Walker, and R. C. Whaley...34ScaLAPACK Users’ Guide". Society for Industrial and Applied Mathmatics, 1997. 43. N. K. Rizk and A. H. Lefebvre , "Internal Flow Characteristics of
East Europe Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, No. 2150
2007-11-02
Krakow Province PRON Congress, by Jerzy Wicherek Krakow, Nowy Sacz , Tarnow PRON Congresses, by Ryszard Niemiec, et al. - a - ill! - EE - 63...already lay the cards out on the table not in the form of projects, but of a concrete program. Let society be the judge... Krakow, Nowy Sacz , Tarnow PRON...provincial PRON congresses in Krakow, Tarnow, and Nowy Sacz . Our own reporters took part in the meetings: Ryszard Niemiec, Ryszard Dzieszynski and
An Assessment and Annotated Bibliography of Marine Bioluminescence Research: 1979-1987.
1993-01-01
Frontiers 32(l):4-10. 339. Kils, U. (1979). Performance of Antarctic Krill Bioluminescence in larvaceans is described. 0 Euphausia superba , at...CT11830. 128. Dera, Jerzy and Theresa Weglenska (1983). Bioluminescence of Zooplankton in the Antarctic 130. Donaldson, Thomas Q., Stevens P. Tucker...from the Pressure Changes. Naval Research Laboratory, surface to 70 m (bottom) in Ezcurra Inlet during Washington, D.C., Report 8772. the Antarctic
East Europe Report: Political, Sociological and Military Affairs. No. 2135
1983-05-02
forever. A special example of how members of the Navy react to this realistic estima- tion was given by the crew of the landing craft ...the Siemianowice mine Comrade Jerzy Romanik, PZPR CC secretary Comrade Manfred Gorywoda, deputy premier Comrade Zbigniew Szalajda, director of the...deepening of knowledge of and familiarity with ideology, said Comrade Boguslaw Kabala, director of the Fourth Liberal Arts High School in Sosnowiec
1996-12-10
Phase I Final Report Rapid Target Modeling Through Genetic Inheritance Mechanism Genetically Evolved Target Prototyping (GETP) Pbiai Dat December 10...COVERED 12/10/96 Final Report 5/7/96-12/10/96 A. TITE AND SUBTITU S. FUNDING NUMBERS Rapid Target Modeling Through Genetic Inheritance Mechanism... Genetically Evolved Target Prototyping (GETP) 6. AUTHOR(S) Dr. Jerzy Bala (P1) Dr. Peter Pachowicz (Co-P1) B.K. Gogia (PM) 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION
2015-10-01
EEG -Assisted Neurofeedback" PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Jerzy Bodurka CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Laureate Institute for Brain Research Tulsa, OK 74136...Related PTSD Using Real-Time fMRI and EEG -Assisted Neurofeedback" 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER W81XWH-12-1-0607 5b. GRANT NUMBER PT110256 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT...neurofeedback (rtfMRI-nf) training with concurrent electroencephalography ( EEG ) recordings to directly target and modulate the emotion regulation
1990-10-16
uncommon. Back in 1988 two LOT [Polish Airlines ] pilots were arrested in Hamburg for smuggling drugs. In Gdansk last year, a Panamanian-flag vessel...Forces. The president has named Gen. Div. Pilot Dr. Jerzy Gotowala (age 49), one of the few higher Polish commanders who has not finished the military...of the lower quantitative and qualitative output of the Czechoslovak economy on the deepening of the disequilibrium continued to be moderated by the
Rediscovery of Polish meteorites
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tymiński, Z.; Stolarz, M.; Żołądek, P.; Wiśniewski, M.; Olech, A.
2016-01-01
The total number of Polish registered meteorites (by July 2016) including the meteoritical artifacts as Czestochowa Raków I and II is 22. Most of them are described by the pioneer of Polish Meteoritics Jerzy Pokrzywnicki who also identified the meteorite fall locations. In recent years prospectors found impressive specimens of known Polish meteorites such as Morasko: 34 kg, 50 kg, 164 kg, 174 kg and 261 kg or Pultusk: 1578 g, 1576 g, 1510 g, 610 g and 580 g expanding and determining precisely the known meteorite strewn fields.
Fisher, Neyman, and Bayes at FDA.
Rubin, Donald B
2016-01-01
The wise use of statistical ideas in practice essentially requires some Bayesian thinking, in contrast to the classical rigid frequentist dogma. This dogma too often has seemed to influence the applications of statistics, even at agencies like the FDA. Greg Campbell was one of the most important advocates there for more nuanced modes of thought, especially Bayesian statistics. Because two brilliant statisticians, Ronald Fisher and Jerzy Neyman, are often credited with instilling the traditional frequentist approach in current practice, I argue that both men were actually seeking very Bayesian answers, and neither would have endorsed the rigid application of their ideas.
Clinical applications of Genome Polymorphism Scans
Weber, James L
2006-01-01
Applications of Genome Polymorphism Scans range from the relatively simple such as gender determination and confirmation of biological relationships, to the relatively complex such as determination of autozygosity and propagation of genetic information throughout pedigrees. Unlike nearly all other clinical DNA tests, the Scan is a universal test – it covers all people and all genes. In balance, I argue that the Genome Polymorphism Scan is the most powerful, affordable clinical DNA test available today. Reviewers: This article was reviewed by Scott Weiss (nominated by Neil Smalheiser), Roberta Pagon (nominated by Jerzy Jurka) and Val Sheffield (nominated by Neil Smalheiser). PMID:16756678
Estimating rate constants from single ion channel currents when the initial distribution is known.
The, Yu-Kai; Fernandez, Jacqueline; Popa, M Oana; Lerche, Holger; Timmer, Jens
2005-06-01
Single ion channel currents can be analysed by hidden or aggregated Markov models. A classical result from Fredkin et al. (Proceedings of the Berkeley conference in honor of Jerzy Neyman and Jack Kiefer, vol I, pp 269-289, 1985) states that the maximum number of identifiable parameters is bounded by 2n(o)n(c), where n(o) and n(c) denote the number of open and closed states, respectively. We show that this bound can be overcome when the probabilities of the initial distribution are known and the data consist of several sweeps.
Projective limits of state spaces I. Classical formalism
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lanéry, Suzanne; Thiemann, Thomas
2017-01-01
In this series of papers, we investigate the projective framework initiated by Jerzy Kijowski (1977) and Andrzej Okołów (2009, 2013, 2014), which describes the states of a quantum (field) theory as projective families of density matrices. A short reading guide to the series can be found in [27]. The present first paper aims at clarifying the classical structures that underlies this formalism, namely projective limits of symplectic manifolds [27, subsection 2.1]. In particular, this allows us to discuss accurately the issues hindering an easy implementation of the dynamics in this context, and to formulate a strategy for overcoming them [27, subsection 4.1].
An Overview of High Performance Computing and Challenges for the Future
Google Tech Talks
2016-07-12
In this talk we examine how high performance computing has changed over the last 10-year and look toward the future in terms of trends. These changes have had and will continue to have a major impact on our software. A new generation of software libraries and lgorithms are needed for the effective and reliable use of (wide area) dynamic, distributed and parallel environments. Some of the software and algorithm challenges have already been encountered, such as management of communication and memory hierarchies through a combination of compile--time and run--time techniques, but the increased scale of computation, depth of memory hierarchies, range of latencies, and increased run--time environment variability will make these problems much harder. We will focus on the redesign of software to fit multicore architectures. Speaker: Jack Dongarra University of Tennessee Oak Ridge National Laboratory University of Manchester Jack Dongarra received a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics from Chicago State University in 1972 and a Master of Science in Computer Science from the Illinois Institute of Technology in 1973. He received his Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics from the University of New Mexico in 1980. He worked at the Argonne National Laboratory until 1989, becoming a senior scientist. He now holds an appointment as University Distinguished Professor of Computer Science in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department at the University of Tennessee, has the position of a Distinguished Research Staff member in the Computer Science and Mathematics Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Turing Fellow in the Computer Science and Mathematics Schools at the University of Manchester, and an Adjunct Professor in the Computer Science Department at Rice University. He specializes in numerical algorithms in linear algebra, parallel computing, the use of advanced-computer architectures, programming methodology, and tools for parallel computers. His research
An Overview of High Performance Computing and Challenges for the Future
Google Tech Talks
2008-01-26
In this talk we examine how high performance computing has changed over the last 10-year and look toward the future in terms of trends. These changes have had and will continue to have a major impact on our software. A new generation of software libraries and lgorithms are needed for the effective and reliable use of (wide area) dynamic, distributed and parallel environments. Some of the software and algorithm challenges have already been encountered, such as management of communication and memory hierarchies through a combination of compile--time and run--time techniques, but the increased scale of computation, depth of memory hierarchies, range of latencies, and increased run--time environment variability will make these problems much harder. We will focus on the redesign of software to fit multicore architectures. Speaker: Jack Dongarra University of Tennessee Oak Ridge National Laboratory University of Manchester Jack Dongarra received a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics from Chicago State University in 1972 and a Master of Science in Computer Science from the Illinois Institute of Technology in 1973. He received his Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics from the University of New Mexico in 1980. He worked at the Argonne National Laboratory until 1989, becoming a senior scientist. He now holds an appointment as University Distinguished Professor of Computer Science in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department at the University of Tennessee, has the position of a Distinguished Research Staff member in the Computer Science and Mathematics Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Turing Fellow in the Computer Science and Mathematics Schools at the University of Manchester, and an Adjunct Professor in the Computer Science Department at Rice University. He specializes in numerical algorithms in linear algebra, parallel computing, the use of advanced-computer architectures, programming methodology, and tools for parallel computers. His research
Targeting individual excited states in DMRG.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dorando, Jonathan; Hachmann, Johannes; Kin-Lic Chan, Garnet
2007-03-01
The low-lying excited states of π-conjugated molecules are important for the development of novel devices such as lasers, light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic cells, and field-effect transistors [1,2]. The ab-intio Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG) provides a powerful way to explore the electronic structure of quasi-one-dimensional systems such as conjugated organic oligomers. However, DMRG is limited to targeting only low-lying excited states through state-averaged DMRG (SDMRG). There are several drawbacks; state-averaging degrades the accuracy of the excited states and is limited to at most a few of the low-lying states [3]. In this study, we present a new method for targeting higher individual excited states. Due to progress in the field of numerical analysis presented by Van Der Horst and others [4], we are able to target individual excited states of the Hamiltonian. This is accomplished by modifying the Jacobi-Davidson algorithm via a ``Harmonic Ritz'' procedure. We will present studies of oligoacenes and polyenes that compare the accuracy of SDMRG and Harmonic Davidson DMRG. [1] Burroughes, et al. , Nature 347, 539 (1990). [2] Shirota, J. Mater. Chem. 10, 1, (2000). [3] Ramasesha, Pati, Krishnamurthy, Shuai, Bredas, Phys. Rev. B. 54, 7598, (1997). [4] Bai, Demmel, Dongarra, Ruhe, Van Der Horst, Templates for the Solution of Algebraic Eigenvalue Problems, SIAM, 2000.
Predicting the Electronic Properties of 3D, Million-atom Semiconductor nanostructure Architectures
Jack Dongarra; Stanimire Tomov
2012-03-15
This final report describes the work done by Jack Dongarra (University Distinguished Professor) and Stanimire Tomov (Research Scientist) related to the DOE project entitled Predicting the Electronic Properties of 3D, Million-Atom Semiconductor Nanostructure Architectures. In this project we addressed the mathematical methodology required to calculate the electronic and transport properties of large nanostructures with comparable accuracy and reliability to that of current ab initio methods. This capability is critical for further developing the field, yet it is missing in all the existing computational methods. Additionally, quantitative comparisons with experiments are often needed for a qualitative understanding of the physics, and for guiding the design of new nanostructures. We focused on the mathematical challenges of the project, in particular on solvers and preconditioners for large scale eigenvalue problems that occur in the computation of electronic states of large nanosystems. Usually, the states of interest lie in the interior of the spectrum and their computation poses great difficulties for existing algorithms. The electronic properties of a semiconductor nanostructure architecture can be predicted/determined by computing its band structure. Of particular importance are the 'band edge states' (electronic states near the energy gap) which can be computed from a properly defined interior eigenvalue problem. Our primary mathematics and computational challenge here has been to develop an efficient solution methodology for finding these interior states for very large systems. Our work has produced excellent results in terms of developing both new and extending current state-of-the-art techniques.
2000-12-15
NASA is looking to biological techniques that are millions of years old to help it develop new materials and nanotechnology for the 21st century. Sponsored by NASA, Jerzy Bernholc, a principal investigator in the microgravity materials science program and a physics professor at North Carolina State University, Bernholc works with very large-scale computations to model carbon molecules as they assemble themselves to form nanotubes. The strongest confirmed material known, nanotubes are much stronger than graphite, a more common material made of carbon, and weigh six times less than steel. Nanotubes have potential uses such as strain gauges, advanced electronic devices, amd batteries. The strength, light weight, and conductive qualities of nanotubes, shown in light blue in this computed electron distribution, make them excellent components of nanoscale devices. One way to conduct electricity to such devices is through contact with aluminum, shown in dark blue.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dick, Wolfgang R.; Hamel, Jürgen
The topics of this volume extend from the work of the islamic scienticst al-Tusi in the 13th century to the development of astronomical instrumentation at the Carl Zeiss Jena Company in the second half of the 20th century. The contents of the remaining articles are found between these limits: the well-known textbooks of Johannes de Sacrobosco, Tycho Brahe's stays in Augsburg, Gottfried Kirch's calendars, published around 1700, a portrait of Bessel, made during his Königsberg time, Fraunhofer's successors at the Munich Optical Institute, and Einstein's cosmological ideas in his ``Four lectures on the Theory of Relativity''. The earliest disputation of the learned Jesuit Christoph Scheiner is printed for the first time in a German translation. The volume is concluded by a bibliographical overview on historical Venus transits, additional short notes, an obituary of Jerzy Dobrzycki, and book reviews. Most papers are written in German. Main papers have English abstracts.
Commission 41: History of Astronomy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gurshtein, Alexander A.; Nha, Il-Seong; Ruggles, Clive L. N.; DeVorkin, David H.; Dick, Wolfgang R.; Kochhar, Rajesh; Nakamura, Tsuko; Pigatto, Luisa; Stephenson, F. Richard; Warner, Brian
2007-12-01
On Tuesday 22 August 2006 approximately 40 people attended the Commission 41 History of Astronomy Business Meeting at the IAU XXVI General Assembly in Prague. Commission president Alex Gurshtein opened the meeting, welcoming the commission members and calling for a moment of silence for those members who passed away in the last triennium. David DeVorkin was appointed recording secretary for the meeting, with Steven Dick as the scruitineer of the ballot. A moment of silence was then observed in the memory of members departed over the last triennium, including: Jerzy Dobrzycki (Poland), Robert Duncan (Australia), Mohammad Edalati (Iran), Philip Morrison (USA), John Perdix (Australia), Neil Porter (Ireland), Gibson Reaves (USA), Brian Robinson (Australia), and Raymond E. White (USA).
Quantitation of dialysis: historical perspective.
Shinaberger, J H
2001-01-01
contribution! The National Cooperative Dialysis Study reported in Kidney International, 1983, was either misunderstood or ignored by most practitioners. The mechanistic analysis of the study by Gotch and Sargent appeared in 1985 and indicated that at adequate protein intake a Kt/V >0.8 yielded better patient survival. In 1982 Malchesky reported the Direct Dialysis Quantification (DDQ) based on calculations from the total mass removed in the dialysate. Although cumbersome, it avoids many errors including the effect of hematocrit and other factors on dialyzer clearance and many consider it to be "the gold standard." The 1990s were characterized by the development of many simple logarithmic equations to estimate Kt/V and eKt/V suitable for spreadsheets which could be used for CQI by individual units. These are primarily by J. T. Daugirdas and coworkers, Smye and Tattersall. In 1991 the Urea Reduction Ratio (URR) was introduced by Lowrie, who in 1999 suggested that Kt and V (as indicator of lean body mass) were independent predictors of survival. Peritoneal dialysis: Although performed before and immediately after World War II, almost all of the basic quantification mechanistics and data are found in the publications of S. T. Boen (1964). New quantifiers, the Mass Transport Area Coefficient (MTAC) or Pyle-Popovich model, the Henderson-Nolph, and Garred models, were compared by Waniewski. Gotch announced a PD modeling program which suggested that a weekly PKt/V at 2.1 was needed to supply the same urea removal as a Kt/V of 3.6, but warned that both were sensitive to decreased time.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
2012-05-01
Local Organizing Committee J Fernando Barbero González (IEM, CSIC) Laura Castelló Gomar (Univ. Complutense, Madrid) Mikel Fernández Méndez (IEM, CSIC) Iñaki Garay Elizondo (Univ. País Vasco) Luis J Garay Elizondo (Univ. Complutense, Madrid) Mercedes Martín-Benito (Perimeter Institute, Canada) Daniel Martín de Blas (IEM, CSIC) Guillermo A Mena Marugán (IEM, CSIC) Javier Olmedo Nieto (IEM, CSIC) Gonzalo Olmo Alba (IFIC, CSIC) Tomasz Pawlowski (Warsaw University, Poland) Eduardo J Sánchez Villaseñor (Univ. Carlos III, Madrid) Scientific International Committee Abhay Ashtekar (Penn State University, USA) J Fernando Barbero González (IEM, CSIC, Spain) John Barrett (University of Nottingham, UK) José Manuel Cidade Mourão (Instituto Superior Técnico de Lisboa, Portugal) Laurent Freidel (Perimeter Institute, Canada) Jerzy Lewandowski (Warsaw University, Poland) Guillermo A Mena Marugán (IEM, CSIC, Spain) Jorge Pullin (Louisiana State University, USA) Carlo Rovelli (Univ. Méditerranée, Marseille, France) Thomas Thiemann (Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany) Sponsors MinisterioBBVA CSICESF UniCarlosCPAN
Protocol Dependence in Jammed Particulate Media: Statistics of the Density Landscape
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sampangiraj, Ashwin S.
2011-03-01
The density at which hard-sphere fluids jam into amorphous solids depends strongly on the compression protocol. Extremely fast quenching protocols bring each initial point in configuration space to the closest basin-maximum on the density landscape. In contrast, slower quench protocols allow the system to relax and explore configuration space. The protocol-dependence of the density, other structural quantities, and mechanical properties depends strongly on statistical features of the landscape. In this talk, I describe calculations of the the basin volumes associated with jammed hard sphere packings, and the critical quench rate Γ* above which the probabilities for obtaining jammed packings are determined by their basin volumes. Basin volumes are exponentially distributed; thus, for Γ >Γ* , so are jammed packing probabilities. We discuss the implications of this result on the statistical mechanics of jammed systems. This work was done in collaboration with Corey S O'Hern, Jerzy Blawdziewicz, Mark D. Shattuck. S. S. Ashwin and Corey O'Hern are supported by NSF grant no. CBET-0967262.
The struggle for life of the genome's selfish architects
2011-01-01
Transposable elements (TEs) were first discovered more than 50 years ago, but were totally ignored for a long time. Over the last few decades they have gradually attracted increasing interest from research scientists. Initially they were viewed as totally marginal and anecdotic, but TEs have been revealed as potentially harmful parasitic entities, ubiquitous in genomes, and finally as unavoidable actors in the diversity, structure, and evolution of the genome. Since Darwin's theory of evolution, and the progress of molecular biology, transposable elements may be the discovery that has most influenced our vision of (genome) evolution. In this review, we provide a synopsis of what is known about the complex interactions that exist between transposable elements and the host genome. Numerous examples of these interactions are provided, first from the standpoint of the genome, and then from that of the transposable elements. We also explore the evolutionary aspects of TEs in the light of post-Darwinian theories of evolution. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Jerzy Jurka, Jürgen Brosius and I. King Jordan. For complete reports, see the Reviewers' reports section. PMID:21414203
Konorski, Jerzy
2013-01-01
The manuscript printed below has been written by Professor Jerzy Konorski around 1970, a few years before his death in 1973. The manuscript has not been published before. It was recently discovered in Konorski's papers deposed in the Library of the Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology. In his critical review Konorski debates advantages and shortcomings of the physiological approach of Pavlov and purely behavioristic approaches advocated by Hull and Skinner. He supports close cooperation o behaviorists with neurophysiologists and neuroanatomists, with focus on the investigation of the neural mechanisms underlying behavior. Konorski's ideas concerning the integration of the study of behavior and neurophysiology anticipated contemporary path of neuroscience. Indeed, his approach, which at that time appeared somewhat controversial, is universally accepted by contemporary neuroscientists. By contrast, physiological theories of higher mental functions formulated by Pavlov as well as deliberately anti-physiological approaches of Skinner and Hull have all but disappeared from serious scientific discourse. However, the same problems such as strongly promoted self-importance of some branches of neuroscience, the lack of inter-communication between different branches and resulting lack of integrating ideas appear to emerge anew in each new generation of scientists. (Editors of Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis).
Windholz, G; Wyrwicka, W
1996-01-01
Two Warsaw medical students, Jerzy Konorski and Stefan Miller, having read I.P. Pavlov's works on conditional reflexes, informed him in a 1928 letter that they had discovered a new type of conditioning. A previously neutral stimulus preceded the passive lifting of a dog's paw which then was followed by feeding; this stimulus then evoked the spontaneous raising of that paw. Pavlov responded informing them that their conditioning of motor responses expanded his theory of higher nervous activity, but that their conditioning paradigm-that they named CRII-did not differ fundamentally from the Pavlovian conditioning paradigm. The replication of the Warsaw experiment in Pavlov's laboratory failed to provide unequivocal results. From 1931 to 1933, Konorski, working in Pavlov's Leningrad laboratory, further explored the parameters of CRII. Pavlov insisted that the conditioning of motor movements differs from the conditioning of other sensory analyzers only in that, on the neural level, the motor analyzer is both afferent, that is, perceptive, and efferent, that is, responsive. Konorski was not convinced, and he subsequently maintained that the two conditioning paradigms were fundamentally different.
The origin of Eastern European Jews revealed by autosomal, sex chromosomal and mtDNA polymorphisms
2010-01-01
Background This study aims to establish the likely origin of EEJ (Eastern European Jews) by genetic distance analysis of autosomal markers and haplogroups on the X and Y chromosomes and mtDNA. Results According to the autosomal polymorphisms the investigated Jewish populations do not share a common origin, and EEJ are closer to Italians in particular and to Europeans in general than to the other Jewish populations. The similarity of EEJ to Italians and Europeans is also supported by the X chromosomal haplogroups. In contrast according to the Y-chromosomal haplogroups EEJ are closest to the non-Jewish populations of the Eastern Mediterranean. MtDNA shows a mixed pattern, but overall EEJ are more distant from most populations and hold a marginal rather than a central position. The autosomal genetic distance matrix has a very high correlation (0.789) with geography, whereas the X-chromosomal, Y-chromosomal and mtDNA matrices have a lower correlation (0.540, 0.395 and 0.641 respectively). Conclusions The close genetic resemblance to Italians accords with the historical presumption that Ashkenazi Jews started their migrations across Europe in Italy and with historical evidence that conversion to Judaism was common in ancient Rome. The reasons for the discrepancy between the biparental markers and the uniparental markers are discussed. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Damian Labuda (nominated by Jerzy Jurka), Kateryna Makova and Qasim Ayub (nominated by Dan Graur). PMID:20925954
Trinitis, C; Bader, M; Schulz, M
2009-06-09
In today's world, the use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating practical problems in engineering and related disciplines. Significant progress in CPU architecture (multi- and many-core CPUs, SMT, transactional memory, virtualization support, shared caches etc.) system scalability, and interconnect technology, continues to provide new opportunities, as well as new challenges for both system architects and software developers. These trends are paralleled by progress in algorithms, simulation techniques, and software integration from multiple disciplines. In its 8th year, ParSim continues to build a bridge between application disciplines and computer science and to help fostering closer cooperations between these fields. Since its successful introduction in 2002, ParSim has established itself as an integral part of the EuroPVM/MPI conference series. In contrast to traditional conferences, emphasis is put on the presentation of up-to-date results with a short turn-around time. We believe that this offers a unique opportunity to present new aspects in this dynamic field and discuss them with a wide, interdisciplinary audience. The EuroPVM/MPI conference series, as one of the prime events in parallel computation, serves as an ideal surrounding for ParSim. This combination enables participants to present and discuss their work within the scope of both the session and the host conference. This year, five papers from authors in five countries were submitted to Par-Sim, and we selected three of them. They cover a range of different application fields including mechanical engineering, material science, and structural engineering simulations. We are confident that this resulted in an attractive special session and that this will be an informal setting for lively discussions as well as for fostering new collaborations. Several people contributed to this event. Thanks go to Jack Dongarra, the EuroPVM/MPI general chair, and to Jan Westerholm, Juha
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sadowski, Marek J.
2014-05-01
, Otwock, Poland—Chairman Dimitri Batani, Universite Bordeaux, France Sergio Ciattaglia, ITER, Cadarache, France Michael Dudeck, UPMC, Paris, France Igor E Garkusha, NSC KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine Zbigniew Kłos, CBK PAN, Warsaw Giorgio Maddaluno, ENEA Frascati, Italy Andrea Murari, EFDA JET, Culham, UK Józef Musielok, University of Opole, Poland Svetlana Ratynskaia, RIT, Stockholm, Sweden Karel Rohlena, IP CAS, Prague, Czech Republic Valentin Smirnov, Rosatom, Moscow, Russia Francisco Tabares, CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain Lorenzo Torrisi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy Jerzy Wołowski, IFPiLM, Warsaw, Poland Urszula Woźnicka, IFJ PAN, Cracow, Poland Local Organizing Committee Jerzy Wołowski—Chairman Paweł Gąsior—Secretary Zofia Kalinowska Ewa Kowalska-Strzęciwilk Monika Kubkowska Anita Pokorska Ryszard Panfil Joanna Dziak-Beme Conference website: http://plasma2013.ipplm.pl/
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bretón, N.; Fernández, D.; Kielanowski, P.
2015-06-01
The International Conference on 'Quantum Control, Exact or Perturbative, Linear or Nonlinear', took place in Mexico City on 22-24 October 2014. It was held with the aim of celebrating the first fifty years of scientific career of Bogdan Mielnik, an outstanding scientist whose professional trajectory spans over Poland and Mexico and who is currently Professor Emeritus in the Physics Department of Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN (Cinvestav) in Mexico. Bogdan Mielnik was born on May 6th, 1936 in Warsaw, Poland. He studied elementary and high school until 1953. In the autumn of 1953 he started the studies in the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at the University of Warsaw, and at the end of 1957 he did his master work under the direction of Professor Jerzy Plebański. In 1962 he was invited to the newly opened Research Center of IPN (Cinvestav), in Mexico, as an assistant and PhD student of Jerzy Plebański. On October 22nd, 1964, he submitted to Cinvestav his PhD Thesis entitled ''Analytic functions of the displacement operator'', marking the offcial beginning of his scientific career. It is worth mentioning that Bogdan Mielnik is the first PhD graduate of the Physics Department of Cinvestav, so with this Conference our Department was also celebrating an important date on its calendar. A more detailed information can be found in the website http://www.fis.cinvestav.mx/mielnik50/. It was our great pleasure to see that many collaborators and former students of Bogdan Mielnik attended this Conference. The articles collected in this volume are the written contributions of the majority of talks presented at the conference. They have been organized according to the research subjects that Bogdan Mielnik has been involved in. Thus, the articles of JG Hirsch, L Hughston, G Morales-Luna, O Rosas-Ortiz and G Torres-Vega deal with Fundamental Problems in Quantum Mechanics. On the other hand, the papers by F Delgado, H Hernández-Coronado, G Herrera
P value and the theory of hypothesis testing: an explanation for new researchers.
Biau, David Jean; Jolles, Brigitte M; Porcher, Raphaël
2010-03-01
In the 1920s, Ronald Fisher developed the theory behind the p value and Jerzy Neyman and Egon Pearson developed the theory of hypothesis testing. These distinct theories have provided researchers important quantitative tools to confirm or refute their hypotheses. The p value is the probability to obtain an effect equal to or more extreme than the one observed presuming the null hypothesis of no effect is true; it gives researchers a measure of the strength of evidence against the null hypothesis. As commonly used, investigators will select a threshold p value below which they will reject the null hypothesis. The theory of hypothesis testing allows researchers to reject a null hypothesis in favor of an alternative hypothesis of some effect. As commonly used, investigators choose Type I error (rejecting the null hypothesis when it is true) and Type II error (accepting the null hypothesis when it is false) levels and determine some critical region. If the test statistic falls into that critical region, the null hypothesis is rejected in favor of the alternative hypothesis. Despite similarities between the two, the p value and the theory of hypothesis testing are different theories that often are misunderstood and confused, leading researchers to improper conclusions. Perhaps the most common misconception is to consider the p value as the probability that the null hypothesis is true rather than the probability of obtaining the difference observed, or one that is more extreme, considering the null is true. Another concern is the risk that an important proportion of statistically significant results are falsely significant. Researchers should have a minimum understanding of these two theories so that they are better able to plan, conduct, interpret, and report scientific experiments.
Improved interval estimation of comparative treatment effects
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Van Krevelen, Ryne Christian
Comparative experiments, in which subjects are randomized to one of two treatments, are performed often. There is no shortage of papers testing whether a treatment effect exists and providing confidence intervals for the magnitude of this effect. While it is well understood that the object and scope of inference for an experiment will depend on what assumptions are made, these entities are not always clearly presented. We have proposed one possible method, which is based on the ideas of Jerzy Neyman, that can be used for constructing confidence intervals in a comparative experiment. The resulting intervals, referred to as Neyman-type confidence intervals, can be applied in a wide range of cases. Special care is taken to note which assumptions are made and what object and scope of inference are being investigated. We have presented a notation that highlights which parts of a problem are being treated as random. This helps ensure the focus on the appropriate scope of inference. The Neyman-type confidence intervals are compared to possible alternatives in two different inference settings: one in which inference is made about the units in the sample and one in which inference is made about units in a fixed population. A third inference setting, one in which inference is made about a process distribution, is also discussed. It is stressed that certain assumptions underlying this third type of inference are unverifiable. When these assumptions are not met, the resulting confidence intervals may cover their intended target well below the desired rate. Through simulation, we demonstrate that the Neyman-type intervals have good coverage properties when inference is being made about a sample or a population. In some cases the alternative intervals are much wider than necessary on average. Therefore, we recommend that researchers consider using our Neyman-type confidence intervals when carrying out inference about a sample or a population as it may provide them with more
Pressure Shift and Gravitational RedShift of Balmer Lines in White Dwarfs: Rediscussion
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Halenka, Jacek; Olchawa, Wieslaw; Madej, Jerzy; Grabowski, Boleslaw
2015-08-01
The Stark-induced shift and asymmetry, the so-called pressure shift (PS) of Hα and Hβ Balmer lines in spectra of DA white dwarfs (WDs), have been examined in detail as masking effects in measurements of the gravitational redshift in WDs. The results are compared with our earlier ones from a quarter of a century ago. In these earlier papers, the standard, symmetrical Stark line profiles, as a dominant constituent of the Balmer line profiles but shifted as a whole by the PS effect, were applied to all spectrally active layers of the WD atmosphere. At present, in each of the WD layers, the Stark line profiles (especially of Hβ) are inherently asymmetrical and shifted due to the effects of strong inhomogeneity of the perturbing fields in plasma. To calculate the Stark line profiles in successive layers of the WD atmosphere we used the modified Full Computer Simulation Method, able to take adequately into account the complexity of local elementary quantum processes in plasma. In the case of the Hα line, the present value of Stark-induced shift of the synthetic Hα line profile is about half the previous one and it is negligible in comparison with the gravitational redshift. In the case of the Hβ line, the present value of Stark-induced shift of the synthetic Hβ line profile is about twice the previous one. The source of this extra shift is the asymmetry of Hβ peaks. In memory of Jan Jerzy Kubikowski (1927-1968)—one of the pioneers of plasma in astrophysics.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bodzenta, Jerzy
2005-10-01
The 34th Winter School on Wave and Quantum Acoustics was held in Ustron, a small town in Beskidy Mountains. For the first time the School was organize in a form of three workshops. - Workshop on Acoustoelectronics and Optoelectronics, - Workshop on Molecular and Quantum Acoustics, - 10th Workshop on Photoacoustics and Photothermics. Participants might take part either in the whole School or in selected workshop only. Modular character of the School had been suggested by participants, who often have not possibility to participate in an event lasting whole week, but are interested in particular sessions. The idea of workshops is to give opportunities for direct contacts of scientists working in chosen field. Typically a programme contains review lectures presented by experienced researchers and shorter contributions devoted to new, original results or works being realized. Very important part of each session is a discussion, where specialist can comment presented results, proposed alternative solutions or discuss new ideas. Often problems mentioned during session are discussed during informal meeting. Papers presented in these proceedings are printed versions of contributions presented during workshops. All papers have been reviewed and accepted for publication by the members of scientific committees of workshops. A few titles are slightly changed according to referee's suggestions. I would like to thank all referees for their valuable comments and suggestions. Their work allowed to avoid many mistakes and improved scientific value of presented papers. The organizers gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Polish State Committee for Scientific Research received via the Polish Acoustical Society. I hope that all authors of papers presented in these issue and also new participants will join our 35th Winter School in winter 2006. Jerzy Bodzenta Silesian University of Technology - Gliwice, 28th July, 2005
P Value and the Theory of Hypothesis Testing: An Explanation for New Researchers
Jolles, Brigitte M.; Porcher, Raphaël
2009-01-01
In the 1920s, Ronald Fisher developed the theory behind the p value and Jerzy Neyman and Egon Pearson developed the theory of hypothesis testing. These distinct theories have provided researchers important quantitative tools to confirm or refute their hypotheses. The p value is the probability to obtain an effect equal to or more extreme than the one observed presuming the null hypothesis of no effect is true; it gives researchers a measure of the strength of evidence against the null hypothesis. As commonly used, investigators will select a threshold p value below which they will reject the null hypothesis. The theory of hypothesis testing allows researchers to reject a null hypothesis in favor of an alternative hypothesis of some effect. As commonly used, investigators choose Type I error (rejecting the null hypothesis when it is true) and Type II error (accepting the null hypothesis when it is false) levels and determine some critical region. If the test statistic falls into that critical region, the null hypothesis is rejected in favor of the alternative hypothesis. Despite similarities between the two, the p value and the theory of hypothesis testing are different theories that often are misunderstood and confused, leading researchers to improper conclusions. Perhaps the most common misconception is to consider the p value as the probability that the null hypothesis is true rather than the probability of obtaining the difference observed, or one that is more extreme, considering the null is true. Another concern is the risk that an important proportion of statistically significant results are falsely significant. Researchers should have a minimum understanding of these two theories so that they are better able to plan, conduct, interpret, and report scientific experiments. PMID:19921345
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bodzenta, Jerzy
2004-10-01
comments and suggestions. Their work allowed to avoid many mistakes and improved scientific value of presented papers. I would like to thank all my collaborators, especially Dr. Jacek Mazur, who helped me prepare these proceedings for printing. The Organizers gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Polish State Committee for Scientific Research received via the Polish Acoustical Society. I hope that all authors of papers presented in these issue and also new participants will join our 10th Workshop in winter 2005. Jerzy Bodzenta Silesian University of Technology Gliwice, 1st July, 2004
2011-01-01
a gene. A very important further advantage of inbreeding is that it reduces the accumulation of recessive mutations in genomes. A consequence of the model proposed is that the existence of species would correspond to a metastable equilibrium between inbreeding and outbreeding, with excessive inbreeding promoting speciation, and excessive outbreeding resulting in irreversible accumulation of recessive mutations that could ultimately only lead to extinction. Reviewer names Eugene V. Koonin, Patrick Nosil (nominated by Dr Jerzy Jurka), Pierre Pontarotti PMID:22152499
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bodzenta, Jerzy
2006-11-01
financial support of the Polish State Committee for Scientific Research received via the Polish Acoustical Society. I hope that all authors of papers presented in these proceedings and also new participants will join our 36th Winter School in winter 2007. Jerzy Bodzenta Silesian University of Technology Gliwice, 19th September, 2006
[Surgeons in Krakow between WWI and WWII].
Wysocki, A; Dolecki, M
2001-01-01
During the war time when Polish borders had not been established yet, apart from having two surgical departments Jagiellonian University, Krakow had surgical departments in the Bonifratow, Izraelicki and Military Hospitals. More surgical departments were opened up in later years in pubic Health System Hospitals, among them were Narutowicz at near Pradnicka street and Sisters of Mercy at Lea street. Other well-known Krakow surgeons operated in smaller, private surgeries, such as: Dom Zdrowia (House of Health) or Zwiazkowy (Union) Clinic. At that time only 30 Surgeons worked in Kraków. They were outstanding specialists with a broad practice. Among them were Maksymilian Rutkowski, Jan Glatzel, Stanislaw Nowicki, Michal Hladij. Gradually, younger surgeons started to join them. they were: Jan Kowalczyk, Jerzy Jasienski, Stanislaw Kania, Wladyslaw Laszczak, Jozef Bugusz, Jozef Gasinski. Many of them who worked in the surgical hospitals in Krakow, left the city after obtaining a professorship (like Kornel Michejda, professor at the University of Wilno) or became heads of wards, like Zygmunt Drobniewicz, Alfons Mackowski and Tadeusz Guschlbauer. All of these surgeons were highly respected by the medical community as well as by the general public in their respective town and surrounding areas. A large income allowed that best of them to fund and supply their own wards. Occasionally, however, among the less successful surgeons, an uncompromising competition for patients developed. These events were disapproved and condemned by the medical establishment. Many surgeons led an active life outside of their profession. A surgeon with an exceptionally colorful personality was Jan Glatzel: witty, highly intelligent, a connoisseur of fine art, book lover with an active social life. Maksymilian Rutkowski was active in charitable organizations, helping to support Bratnia Pomoc Medykow. Michal Hladij, president of KS Cracovia, vice president of Krakowski Klub Automobilowy rendered his
Nowakowski, Andrzej; Rapała, Kazimierz
2008-01-01
Figures of two outstanding orthopaedists Professor Stefan Malawski and Professor Jerzy Król rewarded with the medal of the name of Wiktor Degi were described. The medal is being granted by the Chapter of the Medal as regarding for outstanding achievements for the Polish and world orthopaedics and rehabilitation. Profesor Stefan Kazimierz Malawski was born 26. 12. 1920 in the Vilnius area. In Vilnius he stated his medical studies, which he continued in Lwow and graduated in 1946 at the Marie Curie Skłodowska in Lublin. Professor Malawski's main field of interest were related to the problems related to tuberculosis of bones and joints and trauma of the lumbar and cervical spine. In the problems of bone tuberculosis he remains an unquestioned authority in Poland. His deep understanding of these clinical problems can be found in his text-book "Tuberculosis of bones and joints", which was printed in 1976. The information pertaining diagnosis and surgical treatment remain extremely valuable today. Another field of interest of Professor Malawski are pathologies of the spine. Disc disease, neoplasms of the spine, spinal stenosis and infections of the spine, spondylolisthesis are among many of his interests. This very wide field of interest can be dound in his 3 tome publication Spondyloorthopedics. His 166 papars printed in Poland and abroad bear proof of the Professors wide field of interest and deep knowledge. Professor Malawski was the first surgeon in Poland to perform surgery on the front elements of the spine in tuberculotic paraplegia. In 1958 he implemented surgical treatment of spine tumor--both primary and metastatic, by resecting them and stabilizing the spine with grafts. In the early 70's he focused on spinal stenosis. In the years 1982-1986 he was the Chairman of the Board of the Polish Orthopedic and Trauma Society. Professor Malawski introdued a modern set of Rules and Regulations, greatly simplifying the decision making process during General assemblies
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Abrashkevich, Alexander; Puzynin, I. V.
2004-01-01
equations are often the last step in the solution of practical problems arising in physics and engineering. The purpose of this paper is to present the iterative procedure for finding zeroes of a system of n nonlinear equations in n variables using the continuous analog of Newton's method (CANM). Method of solution: A system of n nonlinear simultaneous equations is solved by the iterative CANM procedure [2-4]. In this approach, the solution of a system F( X)= 0 is reduced to a solution of evolutionary differential equation {d}/{dt }F( X(t))=- F( X(t)), X(0)= X0, with respect to an additional continuous parameter t, 0⩽ t<∞. The resulting Cauchy problem is solved by Euler's method with variable step length τ. This iterative procedure with step τ specified in different ways [5,6], yields a variety of iterative Newton schemes that are frequently superior to the classical scheme. Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: The computer memory requirements depend on the number of nonlinear simultaneous equations to be solved. Restrictions due to dimension sizes may be easily alleviated by altering PARAMETER statements (see Long write-up and program listing for details). The user must also supply subroutine FCN which evaluates the nonlinear functions. The user has the option of either to provide a subroutine JAC which calculates the Jacobian matrix or allow the program to calculate it by the forward-difference approximation. Typical Running time: The running time depends critically upon the number of nonlinear equations to be solved. The test run which accompanies this paper took 0.06 s on the SGI Origin 2000. ReferencesJ.J. Dongarra, J.R. Bunch, C.B. Moler, G.W. Stewart, LINPACK Users' Guide, SIAM, Philadelphia, 1979. These routines are freely available from the NETLIB at http://www.netlib.org/linpack/index.html. M.K. Gavurin, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Mat. 5 (1958) 18; M.K. Gavurin, Math. Rev. 25 (1958) 1380; M.K. Gavurin, Uspekhi Mat. Nauk 12 (1957) 173. E.P. Zhidkov
Efficient implementation of the continuous-time hybridization expansion quantum impurity solver
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hafermann, Hartmut; Werner, Philipp; Gull, Emanuel
2013-04-01
, P. Dayal, A. Feiguin, S. Fuchs, L. Gamper, E. Gull, S. Gürtler, A. Honecker, R. Igarashi, M. Körner, A. Kozhevnikov, A. Láuchli, S. Manmana, M. Matsumoto, I. McCulloch, F. Michel, R. Noack, G. Pawlowski, L. Pollet, T. Pruschke, U. Schollwöck, S. Todo, S. Trebst, M. Troyer, P. Werner and S. Wessel, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 310, 1187 (2007), proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Magnetism The International Conference on Magnetism. C. L. Lawson, R. J. Hanson, D. R. Kincaid, and F. T. Krogh, ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software 5, 324 (1979). L. S. Blackford, J. Demmel, I. Du, G. Henry, M. Heroux, L. Kaufman, A. Lumsdaine, A. Petitet, and R. C. Whaley, ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 28, 135 (2002). E. Anderson, Z. Bai, C. Bischof, S. Blackford, J. Demmel, J. Dongarra, J. Du Croz, A. Greenbaum, S. Hammarling, A. McKenney, and D. Sorensen, LAPACK Users’ Guide, 3rd ed. (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Philadelphia, PA, 1999). The HDF Group, Hierarchical data format version 5, http://www.hdfgroup.org/HDF5 (2000-2010). E. Gull, A. J. Millis, A. I. Lichtenstein, A. N. Rubtsov, M. Troyer and P. Werner, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 349 (2011).
PREFACE: IUPAP C20 Conference on Computational Physics (CCP 2011)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Troparevsky, Claudia; Stocks, George Malcolm
2012-12-01
. We are grateful to the committees that helped put the conference together, especially the local organizing committee. Particular thanks are also due to a number of ORNL staff who spent long hours with the administrative details. We are pleased to express our thanks to the conference administrator Ann Strange (ORNL/CDP) for her responsive and efficient day-to-day handling of this event, Sherry Samples, Assistant Conference Administrator (ORNL), Angie Beach and the ORNL Conference Office, and Shirley Shugart (ORNL) and Fern Stooksbury (ORNL) who created and maintained the conference website. Editors: G Malcolm Stocks (ORNL) and M Claudia Troparevsky (UT) http://ccp2011.ornl.gov Chair: Dr Malcolm Stocks (ORNL) Vice Chairs: Adriana Moreo (ORNL/UT) James Guberrnatis (LANL) Local Program Committee: Don Batchelor (ORNL) Jack Dongarra (UTK/ORNL) James Hack (ORNL) Robert Harrison (ORNL) Paul Kent (ORNL) Anthony Mezzacappa (ORNL) Adriana Moreo (ORNL) Witold Nazarewicz (UT) Loukas Petridis (ORNL) David Schultz (ORNL) Bill Shelton (ORNL) Claudia Troparevsky (ORNL) Mina Yoon (ORNL) International Advisory Board Members: Joan Adler (Israel Institute of Technology, Israel) Constantia Alexandrou (University of Cyprus, Cyprus) Claudia Ambrosch-Draxl (University of Leoben, Austria) Amanda Barnard (CSIRO, Australia) Peter Borcherds (University of Birmingham, UK) Klaus Cappelle (UFABC, Brazil) Giovanni Ciccotti (Università degli Studi di Roma 'La Sapienza', Italy) Nithaya Chetty (University of Pretoria, South Africa) Charlotte Froese-Fischer (NIST, US) Giulia A. Galli (University of California, Davis, US) Gillian Gehring (University of Sheffield, UK) Guang-Yu Guo (National Taiwan University, Taiwan) Sharon Hammes-Schiffer (Penn State, US) Alex Hansen (Norweigan UST) Duane D. Johnson (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, US) David Landau (University of Georgia, US) Joaquin Marro (University of Granada, Spain) Richard Martin (UIUC, US) Todd Martinez (Stanford University, US) Bill
PREFACE: Modern Practice in Stress and Vibration Analysis 2012 (MPSVA 2012)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cartmell, Matthew P.
2012-08-01
Society of Strain Measurement's sponsored Measurements Lecture, which also features as the fourth keynote address of the conference, and is given in 2012 by Dr Cathy Holt of the University of Cardiff. The third and final day of the conference opens with a keynote lecture by Professor Wieslaw M Ostachowicz of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Gdansk on another long-standing conference theme, and entitled 'Structural health monitoring by means of elastic wave propagation'. The final keynote lecture takes place in the afternoon of the last day and is given by Professor Jerzy Warminski of the Technical University of Lublin, Poland. The title of the lecture is 'Nonlinear phenomena in mechanical systems dynamics', and is in deliberate juxtaposition to the opening keynote address, emphasising the pervasive nature of modern nonlinear dynamics. I am delighted to welcome authors and delegates to this Modern Practice in Stress and Vibration conference, run under the auspices of the Institute of Physics Applied Mechanics Group and held at the University of Glasgow. I would like to thank Claire Garland and Dawn Stewart of the Institute of Physics for all their work and assistance, the local organising committee, the scientific committee, and lastly the authors of the papers featured in this conference proceedings. I extend my warmest welcome to all our conference delegates. Matthew Phillip Cartmell Conference Organiser
EDITORIAL: The 28th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Simek, Milan; Sunka, Pavel
2008-05-01
-equilibrium Plasmas and Micro-plasmas at High Pressures', reflecting new trends in the field. Important parts of the conference were two workshops focused on specific themes. The workshop 'Pulsed electrical discharges in water: fundamentals and applications', organized by Professor Pavel Sunka, reviewed the scientific challenges related to fundamentals of pulsed discharges initiated in slightly conductive liquid water solutions. The workshop 'Physics and applications of pulsed high-current capillary discharges', organized by Dr Karel Kolácek, addressed scientific challenges and technological applications of high-current capillary discharges pinching into a nearly uni-dimensional dense plasma column composed of a quasi-neutral mixture of very hot electrons and multiply charged ions. All ICPIG speakers were invited to prepare peer-reviewed articles based on their conference lectures for the journal Plasma Sources Sciences and Technology (PSST) in the form of either reviews or original works. A selection of invited papers is published in this special issue. We would like to thank all authors for their effort in preparing interesting articles for the readers of PSST. We would like to thank once more all members of the International Scientific Committee chaired by Professor Jerzy Mizeraczyk as well as the members of the Local Organizing Committee and the National Advisory Board for their considerable contributions to the success of the conference. We are particularly grateful to the Editorial Board of Plasma Sources Science and Technology for the opportunity to bring the 28th ICPIG to a wider audience.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhou, Zhangjian; Li, Jingfeng; Zhang, Lianmeng; Ge, Changchun
2013-03-01
Technology, and was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China. On behalf of the organizing committee of FGM-2012, I express my great appreciation to their support of the symposium. Nearly 100 scholars and students from Japan, Brazil, Germany, Russia, United States of America, Portugal, France, Switzerland, Turkey, Singapore, China, and so on, attended FGM-2012, and 57 of the presented papers were collected and selected for publication. The subjects of these papers cover simulation and characterization, advanced fabrication technology, novel application of FGM and layer materials. I cordially thank all of the authors and attendees for their support, and my appreciation is also given to the advisory committee, organizing committee, and the conference volunteers for their hard work. Professor Zhangjian Zhou Proceedings Editor Beijing, December 2012 Committees International Advisory Committee Professor Glaucio H Paulino, USA Professor Marek-Jerzy Pindera, USA Professor Jeong-Ho Kim, USA Professor Emer Fazil Erdogan, USA Professor Dr Monika Willert-Porada, Germany Professor Emer Wolfgang G J Bunk, Germany Professor Omer Van Der Biest, Belgium Professor Michael M Gasik, Finland Professor Evgeny Levashov, Russia Professor Lianmeng Zhang, China Professor Qingjie Zhang, China Professor Wei Pan, China Professor Chang-Chun Ge, China Professor Jing-Feng Li, China Professor Zhangjian Zhou, China Associate Professor Serkan Dag, Turkey Professor Fernando A Rochinha, Brazil Professor Emilio C N Silva, Brazil Professor Luis August Rocha, Portugal Dr Sasa Novak, Slovenia Dr Masayuki Niino, Japan Professor Akira Kawasaki, Japan Professor Ichiro Shiota, Japan Dr Akinaga Kumakawa, Japan Dr Yoshikazu Shinohara, Japan Professor Kiyotaka Matsuura, Japan Professor Yoshinari Miyamoto, Japan Professor Takashi Goto, Japan Professor Yoshimi Watanabe, Japan Professor Kazuhiro Hasezaki, Japan Professor Soshu Kirihara, Japan Professor Emer Toshio Hirai, Japan Mr Choji Endou, Japan Dr
[Maria Skłodowska-Curie--her chemistry at the centenary of the second Nobel Prize].
Zagórski, Zbigniew Paweł; Kornacka, Ewa Maria
2012-01-01
The article presents from the perspective of one hundred years the work of Maria Curie-Skłodowska, which in many cases was ahead of the state of knowledge of the time. It opened new horizons and for this reason we made many digressions. The fact of awarding her the Nobel Prize twice is a sensation enough to present the values of careful activity of the Nobel Prize Committee that emphasizes the importance of Maria's achievements. A significant element of Maria Skłodowska-Curie's achievements was still mysterious character of the radiation in her time, and only chemical approach made it possible to organise the phenomena and explain the origin of the radiation. The essence of the research was an arduous separation of components following the track of growing radiation of successive fractions of preparations. This research was a start of the technology of educement of dispersed elements in great mass of materials. We underline the paramount role of the chemical research Maria Skłodowska conducted while still in Warsaw in the laboratories of the Museum of Industry and Agriculture under the guidance of an excellent chemist Józef Jerzy Boguski. Her research in Paris was the origin of the semi-commercial scale in chemistry and setting aside a special shed outside the university building was the beginning of the institutes that now function beyond universities and are key element of scientific and technical progress. Technology of splitting developed by Maria Skłodowska-Curie was applied also by other radiochemists, e.g. By Otto Hahn. Lively movement in radiochemistry of her lifetime resulted in Maria's disputes with e.g. German chemist Marckwald, who questioned the originality of polonium. The scientific disputes like this one Maria won triumphantly although in several others she had to accept opponents' argument, as in the case of radon. Her experiments were planned with utmost rationality as it was with the rejection of the hypothesis saying that radioactivity was
Stakeholder analysis of perceived relevance of connectivity - the implication to your research
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Smetanova, Anna; Müller, Eva Nora Nora; Fernández-Getino, Ana Patricia; José Marqués, María; Vericat, Damià; Dugodan, Recep; Kapovic, Marijana; Ljusa, Melisa; Ferreira, Carla Sofia; Cavalli, Marco; Marttila, Hannu; Broja, Manuel Esteban Lucas; Święchowicz, Jolanta; Zumr, David
2016-04-01
conducting interview with a stakeholder: Charles Bielders (Catholic University Louvain, Belgium), Frédéric Darboux (Department of Soil Science Orléans, INRA, France), Dragana Dordevic (Centre of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Serbia), Tobias Heckmann (Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Germany), Anna Kidová (Institute of Geography, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia), Tobias Krüger (Integrative Research Institute on Transformations of Human-Environment Systems, Humboldt University, Germany), Carly Maynard (Department of Geography and the Lived Environment, University of Edinburgh, UK), Eva Mockler, (School of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering , University College Dublin, Ireland), Tony Parsons, (Department of Geography, University Sheffield, UK), Thorunn Petursdottir (RECARE, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland), Ronald Pöppel (Institute of Geography and Regional Research, University Vienna, Austria), Jerzy Rejman (Institute of Agronomy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland), Jose López-Tarazón (Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Potsdam, Germany), Sophie Tindale (Department of Geography, University, Durham, UK), Brigitta Tóth (Department of Crop Production and Soil Sciences, Pannonian University, Hungary) and Marco Vainu (Institute of Ecology, Tallinn University, Estonia). The project was supported by COST-STSM-ECOST-STSM-ES1306-011215-063624.
EDITORIAL: Message from the Editor Message from the Editor
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Thomas, Paul
2010-02-01
November 2009 and provided particularly detailed advice to the authors. The other three have been very helpful in 'minority fields'. We have excluded our Board members, Guest Editors of special editions and those referees who were already listed in the last four years. Guest Editors' work on papers submitted to their Special Issues is also excluded from consideration. The following people have been selected: Tomonori Takizuka, JAEA-Naka Fusion Institute, Japan Rudolf Neu, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany Sibylle Guenter, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany Taik-Soo Hahm, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, United States David R. Mikkelsen, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, United States Peter C. de Vries, EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, United Kingdom Yasuhiro Suzuki, National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan Jerzy Wolowski, Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, Poland Tetsuo Tanabe, Kyushu University, Japan Yasuyuki Yagi, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan Congratulations and many, many thanks! The Guest Editors of special editions deserve a special mention for the excellent help that they have given us. They are: Taik-Soo Hahm, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, United States, Special Issue on H-Mode Physics and Transport Barriers Yaroslav Kolesnichenko, Institute for Nuclear Research, Ukraine, Special Issue on Energetic Particles in Magnetic Confinement Systems Kimitaka Itoh, National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan and Howard R. Wilson, University of York, UK, Special Issue on Plasma Instabilities Bernhard Unterberg, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Germany, Special Issue on Stochastic Fusion Plasma In addition, there is a group of several hundred referees who have helped us in the past year to maintain the high scientific standard of Nuclear Fusion. At the end of this issue we give the full list of all referees for 2009. Our thanks to them! Authors The winner of the 2009 Nuclear Fusion
Preface: Introductory Remarks: Linear Scaling Methods
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bowler, D. R.; Fattebert, J.-L.; Gillan, M. J.; Haynes, P. D.; Skylaris, C.-K.
2008-07-01
problems, there was another important theme: extending functionality. The search for greater accuracy has given an implementation of density functional designed to model van der Waals interactions accurately as well as local correlation, TDDFT and QMC and GW methods which, while not explicitly O(N), take advantage of localisation. All speakers at the workshop were invited to contribute to this issue, but not all were able to do this. Hence it is useful to give a complete list of the talks presented, with the names of the sessions; however, many talks fell within more than one area. This is an exciting time for linear scaling methods, which are already starting to contribute significantly to important scientific problems. Applications to nanostructures and biomolecules A DFT study on the structural stability of Ge 3D nanostructures on Si(001) using CONQUEST Tsuyoshi Miyazaki, D R Bowler, M J Gillan, T Otsuka and T Ohno Large scale electronic structure calculation theory and several applications Takeo Fujiwara and Takeo Hoshi ONETEP:Linear-scaling DFT with plane waves Chris-Kriton Skylaris, Peter D Haynes, Arash A Mostofi, Mike C Payne Maximally-localised Wannier functions as building blocks for large-scale electronic structure calculations Arash A Mostofi and Nicola Marzari A linear scaling three dimensional fragment method for ab initio calculations Lin-Wang Wang, Zhengji Zhao, Juan Meza Peta-scalable reactive Molecular dynamics simulation of mechanochemical processes Aiichiro Nakano, Rajiv K. Kalia, Ken-ichi Nomura, Fuyuki Shimojo and Priya Vashishta Recent developments and applications of the real-space multigrid (RMG) method Jerzy Bernholc, M Hodak, W Lu, and F Ribeiro Energy minimisation functionals and algorithms CONQUEST: A linear scaling DFT Code David R Bowler, Tsuyoshi Miyazaki, Antonio Torralba, Veronika Brazdova, Milica Todorovic, Takao Otsuka and Mike Gillan Kernel optimisation and the physical significance of optimised local orbitals in the ONETEP code Peter
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Drozd-Rzoska, Aleksandra; Rzoska, Sylwester J.; Tamarit, Josep Ll
2008-06-01
and translational degrees of freedom (xii) the vitrification-related behaviour at extreme pressures in the multi-GPa domain. All these problems show that pressure studies on supercooled liquids and glassy systems can shed new light on properties observed under atmospheric pressure. In our opinion comprehensive pressure and temperature research, supported by PVT measurements and matched with sophisticated state-of-the-art modern techniques, may deliver qualitatively new input data for numerical analysis as well as for verification and construction of theoretical models. All these can form a milestone for reaching a long expected breakthrough in glass transition physics. We would like to stress the interdisciplinary significance of high pressure studies on glass forming materials. They are important not only for condensed matter and soft matter physics but also for tailoring new materials, for biotechnological issues or for deep Earth and planetary sciences 3, 9-13, 16-18. This poses an additional challenge for glassy liquids under pressure studies. This issue contains the majority of results presented at the European Science Foundation Exploratory Workshop (ESF EW) 'Glassy Liquids Under Pressure', Ustroń, Poland, 10-12 October, 2007 (convenors: Aleksandra Drozd-Rzoska (Poland) and Josep Ll Tamarit (Spain)). Aleksandra Drozd-Rzoska belongs to the group (together with Sylwester J Rzoska, Marian Paluch Paluch, Jerzy Zioło, Sebastian Pawlus, Michał Mierzwa and the staff of PhD students) from the Department of Biophysics and Molecular Physics, Institute of Physics, Silesian University, Katowice, Poland), which began pressure studies in liquids almost three decades ago. First, these investigations focused on critical mixtures and liquid crystals 21-24. On the basis of experimental solutions developed in that period, pressure studies of dielectric relaxation in supercooled, vitrifying systems began a decade ago 18, 25-27 Results associated with these studies are recalled