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Sample records for donor ligand formed

  1. Stereochemistry of lead(II) complexes with oxygen donor ligands.

    SciTech Connect

    Stavilla, Vitalie; Davidovich, Ruven L.; Whitmire, Kenton Herbert; Voit, Elena I.; Marinin, Dmitry V.

    2008-10-01

    This review discusses the coordination number (CN) and the coordination geometry of the first coordination sphere of Pb(II) atoms in crystal structures of 98 lead(II) complexes with O-donor ligands and the stereochemically active lone pair of electrons (LP, E) in the terms of the valence shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR) model. The CN of Pb(II) atoms of the first coordination sphere has values falling into the range (3 + E) to (6 + E). The following coordination polyhedra-{psi}-tetrahedron (I), {psi}-trigonal bipyramid (II), {psi}-octahedron (III), {psi}-pentagonal bipyramid with an axial (IV) or equatorial (V) vacant position are formed. For the investigated structures of the Pb(II) complexes, the formula of each compound, the overall CN of the Pb(II) atom considered as the sum of the CN in the first coordination sphere and the number of secondary bonds, the polyhedron shape, the Pb-O bond lengths, and O-Pb-O bond angles in the first coordination sphere, secondary bond lengths, references and REFCODEs are presented in the comprehensive Tables. The quantum chemical investigations performed using density functional theory (DFT) method have confirmed the stereochemical activity of the LP of Pb(II) atoms in the studied structures of lead(II) complexes with O-donor ligands.

  2. An anionic N-donor ligand promotes manganese-catalyzed water oxidation

    PubMed Central

    Young, Karin J.; Takase, Michael K.; Brudvig, Gary W.

    2014-01-01

    Four manganese complexes of pentadentate ligands have been studied for their ability to act as oxygen-evolution catalysts in the presence of Oxone or hydrogen peroxide. The complexes [Mn(PaPy3)(NO3)](ClO4), 1 (PaPy3H = N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-amine-N-ethyl-2-pyridine-2-carboxamide) and [Mn(PaPy3)(μ-O)(PaPy3)Mn](ClO4)2, 2 feature an anionic carboxamido ligand trans to the labile sixth coordination site, while [Mn(N4Py)OTf](OTf), 3 (N4Py = N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-N-bis(2-pyridyl)methylamine) and [Mn(PY5)(OH2)](ClO4)2, 4 (PY5 = 2,6-bis(bis(2-pyridyl)methoxymethane)-pyridine) have neutral ligands of varying flexibility. 1 and 2 are shown to evolve oxygen in the presence of either Oxone or hydrogen peroxide, but 3 evolves oxygen only in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and 4 is inactive. The activity of 1 and 2 with Oxone suggests that the presence of an anionic N-donor ligand plays a role in stabilizing putative high-valent intermediates. Anionic N-donor ligands may be viewed as an alternative to μ-oxo ligands that are prone to protonation in low-valent Mn species formed during a catalytic cycle, resulting in loss of catalyst structure. PMID:23777320

  3. Electronic structure of thioether containing NSNO donor azo-ligand and its copper(II) complex: Experimental and theoretical studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pramanik, Ajoy Kumar; Sarkar, Deblina; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2015-11-01

    Synthesis of thioether containing NSNO donor azo ligand (HL) showing hydrazoketo and azoenol tautomerism has been performed. The hydrazoketo and azoenol equilibrium of HL has been studied. The hydrazoketo form of HL is predominating over azoenol form. In copper(II) complex the ligand is present in azoenol form. The electronic spectra and electronic structure of the complex has been extensively studied. The structures of the ligand and copper(II) complex have been established from single crystal X-ray studies. The 1-D supramolecular structure of the complex is formed by π-π interactions.

  4. Expansion of the Ligand Knowledge Base for Chelating P,P-Donor Ligands (LKB-PP)†

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    We have expanded the ligand knowledge base for bidentate P,P- and P,N-donor ligands (LKB-PP, Organometallics2008, 27, 1372–1383) by 208 ligands and introduced an additional steric descriptor (nHe8). This expanded knowledge base now captures information on 334 bidentate ligands and has been processed with principal component analysis (PCA) of the descriptors to produce a detailed map of bidentate ligand space, which better captures ligand variation and has been used for the analysis of ligand properties. PMID:24882917

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and crystal structure of novel NNNN-donor μ-bis(bidentate) tetraaza acyclic Schiff base ligands.

    PubMed

    Habibi, Mohammad Hossein; Shojaee, Elahe; Nichol, Gary S

    2012-12-01

    Novel NNNN-donor μ-bis(bidentate) tetraaza acyclic Schiff base ligands with different substituents (CF(3), N(CH(3))(2) or OH groups) were synthesized by the condensation reaction of triethylenetetramine with 4-substituted benzaldehydes. Triethylenetetramine tris(4-trifluoromethylbenzylidene) (TTFMB), triethylenetetramine tris(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene) (TTDMB) and triethylenetetramine tris(2,4-dihydroxybenzylidene) (TTDHB) were formed as N(4) donor ligands. The formation of a five-membered imidazolidine ring from the ethylenediamine backbone as a spacer-cumbridging unit gives rise to a new type of imidazolidine ligand. The structure of the TTFMB and TTDMB were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. The synthesized ligands have been characterized on the basis of the results of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and spectroscopic studies viz. FT-IR spectroscopy (FT-IR), mass spectroscopy (MS) and UV-Vis spectroscopy (UV-Vis). Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Synthesis and reactivity of palladium(II) fluoride complexes containing nitrogen-donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Ball, Nicholas D; Kampf, Jeff W; Sanford, Melanie S

    2010-01-14

    This article describes the synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of palladium(II) fluoride complexes containing sp(2) and sp(3) nitrogen-containing supporting ligands. Both cis and trans complexes of general structure (N)(N')Pd(II)(R)(F) (R = Ar or CH(3)) as well as cis-(N)(2)Pd(II)(F)(2) are reported. Crystallographic characterization of these molecules has allowed structural comparisons to related phosphine-ligated species. Furthermore, these studies have revealed that nitrogen-donor ligands support some of the longest and the shortest Pd-F bonds reported to date. The thermal decomposition of (N)(N')Pd(II)(R)(F) has also been examined, and no products of C-F bond-forming reductive elimination were obtained in any case.

  7. A Stable Monomeric SiO2 Complex with Donor-Acceptor Ligands.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez, Ricardo; Gau, David; Saouli, Jérémy; Baceiredo, Antoine; Saffon-Merceron, Nathalie; Branchadell, Vicenç; Kato, Tsuyoshi

    2017-03-27

    Isolation of a monomeric SiO2 compound 3 as a stable donor-acceptor complex with two different ligands -a σ-donating ligand (pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, N-heterocyclic carbene) and a donor-acceptor ligand (iminophosphorane)-is presented. The SiO2 complex 3 is soluble in ordinary organic solvents and is stable at room temperature in solution and in the solid state. Of particular interest, 3 remains reactive and can be used as a stable and soluble unimolecular SiO2 reagent.

  8. The function of donor versus recipient programmed death-ligand 1 in corneal allograft survival.

    PubMed

    Shen, Linling; Jin, Yiping; Freeman, Gordon J; Sharpe, Arlene H; Dana, M Reza

    2007-09-15

    Programmed death-ligand (PD-L)1 and PD-L2, newer B7 superfamily members, are implicated in the negative regulation of immune responses and peripheral tolerance. To examine their function in alloimmunity, we used the murine model of orthotopic corneal transplantation. We demonstrate that PD-L1, but not PD-L2, is constitutively expressed at high levels by the corneal epithelial cells, and at low levels by corneal CD45+ cells in the stroma, whereas it is undetectable on stromal fibroblasts and corneal endothelial cells. Inflammation induces PD-L1 up-regulation by corneal epithelial cells, and infiltration of significant numbers of PD-L1+CD45+CD11b+ cells. Blockade with anti-PD-L1 mAb dramatically enhances rejection of C57BL/6 corneal allografts by BALB/c recipients. To examine the selective contribution of donor vs host PD-L1 in modulating allorejection, we used PD-L1-/- mice as hosts or donors of combined MHC and minor H-mismatched corneal grafts. BALB/c grafts placed in PD-L1-/- C57BL/6 hosts resulted in pronounced T cell priming in the draining lymph nodes, and universally underwent rapid rejection. Allografts from PD-L1-/- C57BL/6 donors were also significantly more susceptible to rejection than wild-type C57BL/6 grafts placed into BALB/c hosts, primarily as a result of increased T cell infiltration rather than enhanced priming. Taken together, our results identify differential roles for recipient vs donor PD-L1 in regulating induction vs effector of alloimmunity in corneal grafts, the most common form of tissue transplantation, and highlight the importance of peripheral tissue-derived PD-L1 in down-regulating local immune responses.

  9. Entangled zinc-ditetrazolate frameworks involving in situ ligand synthesis and topological modulation by various secondary N-donor ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Li Yunwu; Chen Weilin; Wang Yonghui; Li Yangguang; Wang Enbo

    2009-04-15

    The introduction of various secondary N-donor ligands into an in situ ditetrazolate-ligand synthesis system of terephthalonitrile, NaN{sub 3} and ZnCl{sub 2} led to the formation of three new entangled frameworks Zn(pdtz)(4,4'-bipy).3H{sub 2}O (1), [Zn(pdtz)(bpp)]{sub 2}.3H{sub 2}O (2) and Zn(pdtz){sub 0.5}(N{sub 3})(2,2'-bipy) (3) (4,4'-bipy=4,4'-bipyridine; bpp=1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane; 2,2'-bipy=2,2'-bipyridine; H{sub 2}pdtz=5,5'-1,4-phenylene-ditetrazole). The formation of pdtz{sup 2-} ligand involves the Sharpless [2+3] cycloaddition reaction between terephthalonitrile and NaN{sub 3} in the presence of Zn{sup 2+} ion as a Lewis-acid catalyst under hydrothermal conditions. Compound 1 exhibits a fivefold interpenetrating 3D framework based on the diamondoid topology. Compound 2 displays a twofold parallel interpenetrating framework based on the wavelike individual network. Compound 3 possesses a 2D puckered network. These new Zn-ditetrazolate frameworks are highly dependent on the modulation of different secondary N-donor ligands. Their luminescent properties were investigated. - Graphical abstract: Three new entangled frameworks were prepared by an in situ ditetrazolate-ligand synthesis system assisted with various auxiliary N-donor ligands. The entangled structures can be modulated by different secondary ligands.

  10. New synthetic routes toward enantiopure nitrogen donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Sala, Xavier; Rodríguez, Anna M; Rodríguez, Montserrat; Romero, Isabel; Parella, Teodor; von Zelewsky, Alexander; Llobet, Antoni; Benet-Buchholz, Jordi

    2006-12-08

    New polypyridylic chiral ligands, having either C3 or lower symmetry, have been prepared via a de novo construction of the pyridine nucleus by means of Kröhnke methodology in the key step. The chiral moieties of these ligands originate from the monoterpen chiral pool, namely (-)-alpha-pinene ((-)-14, (-)-15) and (-)-myrtenal ((-)-9, (-)-10). Extension of the above-mentioned asymmetric synthesis procedure to the preparation of enantiopure derivatives of some commonly used polypyridylic ligands has been achieved through a new aldehyde building block ((-)-16). As an example, the synthesis of a chiral derivative of N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylamine (bpea) ligand, (-)-19, has been performed to illustrate the viability of the method. The coordinative ability of the ligands has been tested through the synthesis and characterization of complexes [Mn((-)-19)Br2], (-)-20, and [RuCl((-)-10)(bpy)](BF4), (-)-21. Some preliminary results related to the enantioselective catalytic epoxidation of styrene with the ruthenium complex are also presented.

  11. Coordination adducts of niobium(V) and tantalum(V) azide M(N₃)₅ (M=Nb, Ta) with nitrogen donor ligands and their self-ionization.

    PubMed

    Haiges, Ralf; Deokar, Piyush; Christe, Karl O

    2014-05-19

    Several new donor-acceptor adducts of niobium and tantalum pentaazide with N-donor ligands have been prepared from the pentafluorides by fluoride-azide exchange with Me3SiN3 in the presence of the corresponding donor ligand. With 2,2'-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline, the self-ionization products [MF4(2,2'-bipy)2](+)[M(N3)6](-), [M(N3)4(2,2'-bipy)2](+)[M(N3)6](-) and [M(N3)4(1,10-phen)2](+)[M(N3)6](-) were obtained. With the donor ligands 3,3'-bipyridine and 4,4'-bipyridine the neutral pentaazide adducts (M(N3)5)2⋅L (M=Nb, Ta; L=3,3'-bipy, 4,4'-bipy) were formed. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Haploidentical hematopoietic transplantation from KIR ligand-mismatched donors with activating KIRs reduces nonrelapse mortality.

    PubMed

    Mancusi, Antonella; Ruggeri, Loredana; Urbani, Elena; Pierini, Antonio; Massei, Maria Speranza; Carotti, Alessandra; Terenzi, Adelmo; Falzetti, Franca; Tosti, Antonella; Topini, Fabiana; Bozza, Silvia; Romani, Luigina; Tognellini, Rita; Stern, Martin; Aversa, Franco; Martelli, Massimo F; Velardi, Andrea

    2015-05-14

    Because activating killer cell immunoglobulinlike receptors (KIRs) are heterogeneously expressed in the population, we investigated the role of donor activating KIRs in haploidentical hematopoietic transplants for acute leukemia. Transplants were grouped according to presence vs absence of KIR-ligand mismatches in the graft-vs-host direction (ie, of donor-vs-recipient natural killer [NK]-cell alloreactivity). In the absence of donor-vs-recipient NK-cell alloreactivity, donor activating KIRs had no effects on outcomes. In the 69 transplant pairs with donor-vs-recipient NK-cell alloreactivity, transplantation from donors with KIR2DS1 and/or KIR3DS1 was associated with reduced risk of nonrelapse mortality, largely infection related (KIR2DS1 present vs absent: hazard ratio [HR], 0.25; P = .01; KIR3DS1 present vs absent: HR, 0.18; P = .006), and better event-free survival (KIR2DS1 present vs absent: HR, 0.31; P = .011; KIR3DS1 present vs absent: HR, 0.30; P = .008). Transplantation from donors with KIR2DS1 and/or KIR3DS1 was also associated with a 50% reduction in infection rate (P = .003). In vitro analyses showed that KIR2DS1 binding to its HLA-C2 ligand upregulated inflammatory cytokine production by alloreactive NK cells in response to infectious challenges. Because ∼40% of donors able to exert donor-vs-recipient NK-cell alloreactivity carry KIR2DS1 and/or KIR3DS1, searching for them may become a feasible, additional criterion in donor selection. © 2015 by The American Society of Hematology.

  13. Metalated Ylides: A New Class of Strong Donor Ligands with Unique Electronic Properties

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    The development and design of new ligand systems with special donor properties has been essential for crucial advances made in main-group-element and transition-metal chemistry over the years. This Forum Article focuses on metalated ylides as novel ligand systems. These anionic congeners of bisylides possess likewise two lone pairs of electrons at the central carbon atom and can thus function as X,L-type ligands with strong donor abilities. This article highlights recent efforts in the isolation and application of metalated ylides with a focus on work from this laboratory. We summarize structural and electronic properties and their use in organic synthesis as well as main-group-element and transition-metal chemistry. PMID:28240888

  14. Complexation of trivalent americium and lanthanides with terdentate 'N' donor ligands: the role of rigidity in the ligand structure.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharyya, Arunasis; Gadly, Trilochan; Pathak, Priyanath; Ghosh, Sunil K; Mohapatra, Manoj; Ghanty, Tapan K; Mohapatra, Prasanta K

    2014-08-28

    A systematic study on the Ln(3+) complexation behaviour with two terdentate 'N' donor ligands of varying structural rigidity, viz. 5,6-dimethyl-(1,2,4)-triazinylbipyridine (Me2TBipy) and 5,6-dimethyl-(1,2,4)-triazinylphenanthroline (Me2TPhen), is performed in the present work by UV-Vis spectrophotometry, time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy (TRFS) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometric (ESI-MS) studies. These studies indicate the formation of a 1 : 1 complex of La(3+), 1 : 2 complexes of Eu(3+) and Er(3+) with both the ligands. Density functional theoretical (DFT) study is carried out to determine the solution phase structure of the Eu(3+) complex considering the species (from UV-Vis spectrophotometry) and C2v site symmetry around the Eu(3+) ion (from TRFS study). Me2TPhen is found to be a stronger complexing ligand as compared to Me2TBipy irrespective of the Ln(3+) ions. The solid state crystal structure of the La(3+) complex of Me2TPhen is determined using the single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) technique. The complexation of the trivalent Am(3+) ion is also studied with both these ligands using UV-Vis spectrophotometric titrations which show the formation of 1 : 2 complexes with higher complexation constant values as compared to all the Ln(3+) ions studied, indicating the selectivity of these ligands for the trivalent actinides over the lanthanides.

  15. Copper(II) complexes with phenoxyalkanoic acids and nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligands: structure and bioactivity.

    PubMed

    Dendrinou-Samara, C; Psomas, G; Raptopoulou, C P; Kessissoglou, D P

    2001-01-01

    The copper complexes with the phenoxyalkanoic acids MCPA, 2,4-D, 2,4,5-T and 2,4-DP in the presence of a nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand, phen or bipyam, were prepared and characterized. Interaction of Cu(II) with phenoxyalkanoic acids and bipyam leads to dinuclear or uninuclear neutral complexes while in the presence of phen uninuclear neutral or cationic forms have been isolated. The crystal structure of bis(1,10-phenanthroline)(2-methyl-4-chloro-phenoxyacetato)copper(ll) chloride-methanol(1/1)-water(1/0.6), 1 has been determined and refined by least-squares methods using three-dimensional MoK, data. 1 crystallizes in space group P1, in a cell of dimensions a = 14.577(6)A, b = 1 1.665(5) A, c = 12.249(6) A, alpha = 98.38( 1)degrees, beta = 112.18( 1) degrees, gamma = 104.56(1 ) degrees, V= 1,798( 1) A3 and Z= 2. The cyclic voltammograms of uninuclear cationic complexes in dmf exhibit an extra cathodic wave due to the chloride ion. The available evidence supports an increasing antimicrobial effeciency for the cationic complexes.

  16. Novel dinuclear platinum(II) complexes containing mixed nitrogen-sulfur donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Hochreuther, Stephanie; Puchta, Ralph; van Eldik, Rudi

    2011-12-19

    A series of novel dinuclear platinum(II) complexes were synthesized containing a mixed nitrogen-sulfur donor bidentate chelate system in which the two platinum centers are connected by an aliphatic chain of variable length. The bidentate chelating ligands were selected to stabilize the complex toward decomposition. The pK(a) values and reactivity of the four synthesized complexes, namely, [Pt(2)(S(1),S(4)-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,4-butanedithioether)(OH(2))(4)](4+) (4NSpy), [Pt(2)(S(1),S(6)-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,6-hexanedithioether)(OH(2))(4)](4+) (6NSpy), [Pt(2)(S(1),S(8)-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,8-octanedithioether)(OH(2))(4)](4+) (8NSpy), and [Pt(2)(S(1),S(10)-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,10-decanedithioether)(OH(2))(4)](4+) (10NSpy), were investigated. This system is of special interest because only little is known about the substitution behavior of dinuclear platinum complexes that contain a bidentate chelate that forms part of the aliphatic bridging ligand. Moreover, the ligands as well as the dinuclear complexes were examined in terms of their cytotoxic activity, and the 10NSpy complex was found to be active. Spectrophotometric acid-base titrations were performed to determine the pK(a) values of all the coordinated water molecules. The substitution of coordinated water by thiourea was studied under pseudo-first-order conditions as a function of nucleophile concentration, temperature, and pressure, using stopped-flow techniques and UV-vis spectroscopy. The results for the dinuclear complexes were compared to those for the corresponding mononuclear reference complex [Pt(methylthiomethylpyridine)(OH(2))(2)](2+) (Pt(mtp)), by which the effect of the increasing aliphatic chain length of the bridged complexes could be investigated. The results indicate that there is a clear interaction between the two platinum centers, which becomes weaker as the chain length between the metal centers increases. Furthermore, differences and similarities of the N,S-system were compared to

  17. Influencing the properties of dysprosium single-molecule magnets with phosphorus donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Pugh, Thomas; Tuna, Floriana; Ungur, Liviu; Collison, David; McInnes, Eric J L; Chibotaru, Liviu F; Layfield, Richard A

    2015-07-01

    Single-molecule magnets are a type of coordination compound that can retain magnetic information at low temperatures. Single-molecule magnets based on lanthanides have accounted for many important advances, including systems with very large energy barriers to reversal of the magnetization, and a di-terbium complex that displays magnetic hysteresis up to 14 K and shows strong coercivity. Ligand design is crucial for the development of new single-molecule magnets: organometallic chemistry presents possibilities for using unconventional ligands, particularly those with soft donor groups. Here we report dysprosium single-molecule magnets with neutral and anionic phosphorus donor ligands, and show that their properties change dramatically when varying the ligand from phosphine to phosphide to phosphinidene. A phosphide-ligated, trimetallic dysprosium single-molecule magnet relaxes via the second-excited Kramers' doublet, and, when doped into a diamagnetic matrix at the single-ion level, produces a large energy barrier of 256 cm(-1) and magnetic hysteresis up to 4.4 K.

  18. Influencing the properties of dysprosium single-molecule magnets with phosphorus donor ligands

    PubMed Central

    Pugh, Thomas; Tuna, Floriana; Ungur, Liviu; Collison, David; McInnes, Eric J.L.; Chibotaru, Liviu F.; Layfield, Richard A.

    2015-01-01

    Single-molecule magnets are a type of coordination compound that can retain magnetic information at low temperatures. Single-molecule magnets based on lanthanides have accounted for many important advances, including systems with very large energy barriers to reversal of the magnetization, and a di-terbium complex that displays magnetic hysteresis up to 14 K and shows strong coercivity. Ligand design is crucial for the development of new single-molecule magnets: organometallic chemistry presents possibilities for using unconventional ligands, particularly those with soft donor groups. Here we report dysprosium single-molecule magnets with neutral and anionic phosphorus donor ligands, and show that their properties change dramatically when varying the ligand from phosphine to phosphide to phosphinidene. A phosphide-ligated, trimetallic dysprosium single-molecule magnet relaxes via the second-excited Kramers' doublet, and, when doped into a diamagnetic matrix at the single-ion level, produces a large energy barrier of 256 cm−1 and magnetic hysteresis up to 4.4 K. PMID:26130418

  19. Stereochemical Properties of Multidentate Nitrogen Donor Ligands and Their Copper Complexes by Electronic CD and DFT.

    PubMed

    Poopari, Mohammad Reza; Dezhahang, Zahra; Xu, Yunjie

    2016-07-01

    UV-Vis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy, complemented with Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations, were used to elucidate the structural diversities of three multidentate nitrogen donor ligands and two associated copper complexes in solution directly. The three chiral salen ligands all consist of trans-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine as a chiral scaffold and also of pyridine rings as chromophores, differing only in the linking groups between the two functional groups mentioned above. Very different ECD intensities and somewhat different ECD patterns were observed for these ligands and satisfactorily interpreted theoretically. For the geometry optimization and spectral simulation of the open-shell metal complexes, the LANL2DZ basis set with effective core potential for the Cu and Cl atoms and pure cc-pVTZ for the rest of the atoms was utilized. The performance of the same calculations with the polarization functions (f,g) from the cc-pVTZ basis added to the LANL2DZ basis was compared. While the three ligands exhibit different conformational flexibility, the associated copper complexes show great rigidity imposed by the metal-ligand coordination, taking on a single structure in each case. In addition, dispersion interactions were shown to change the conformational stability ordering of the ligands noticeably and to exert considerable influence on the simulated UV-Vis and ECD spectra. Chirality 28:545-555, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. N6-benzyladenosine derivatives as novel N-donor ligands of platinum(II) dichlorido complexes.

    PubMed

    Starha, Pavel; Popa, Igor; Trávníček, Zdeněk; Vančo, Ján

    2013-06-14

    The platinum(II) complexes trans-[PtCl₂(Ln)₂]∙xSolv 1-13 (Solv = H₂O or CH3OH), involving N6-benzyladenosine-based N-donor ligands, were synthesized; L(n) stands for N6-(2-methoxybenzyl)adenosine (L₁, involved in complex 1), N6-(4-methoxy-benzyl)adenosine (L₂, 2), N6-(2-chlorobenzyl)adenosine (L₃, 3), N6-(4-chlorobenzyl)-adenosine (L₄, 4), N6-(2-hydroxybenzyl)adenosine (L₅, 5), N6-(3-hydroxybenzyl)-adenosine (L₆, 6), N6-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)adenosine (L₇, 7), N6-(4-fluoro-benzyl)adenosine (L₈, 8), N6-(4-methylbenzyl)adenosine (L₉, 9), 2-chloro-N6-(3-hydroxy-benzyl)adenosine (L₁₀, 10), 2-chloro-N6-(4-hydroxybenzyl)adenosine (L₁₁, 11), 2-chloro-N6-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)adenosine (L₁₂, 12) and 2-chloro-N6-(2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)adenosine (L₁₃, 13). The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, IR and multinuclear (¹H-, ¹³C-, ¹⁹⁵Pt- and ¹⁵N-) and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy, which proved the N7-coordination mode of the appropriate N6-benzyladenosine derivative and trans-geometry of the title complexes. The complexes 1-13 were found to be non-toxic in vitro against two selected human cancer cell lines (HOS and MCF7; with IC₅₀ > 50.0 µM). However, they were found (by ESI-MS study) to be able to interact with the physiological levels of the sulfur-containing biogenic biomolecule L-methionine by a relatively simple 1:1 exchange mechanism (one L(n) molecule was replaced by one L-methionine molecule), thus forming a mixed-nitrogen/sulfur-ligand dichlorido-platinum(II) coordination species.

  1. Induction of tolerance to cardiac allografts using donor splenocytes engineered to display on their surface an exogenous fas ligand protein.

    PubMed

    Yolcu, Esma S; Gu, Xiao; Lacelle, Chantale; Zhao, Hong; Bandura-Morgan, Laura; Askenasy, Nadir; Shirwan, Haval

    2008-07-15

    The critical role played by Fas ligand (FasL) in immune homeostasis renders this molecule an attractive target for immunomodulation to achieve tolerance to auto- and transplantation Ags. Immunomodulation with genetically modified cells expressing FasL was shown to induce tolerance to alloantigens. However, genetic modification of primary cells in a rapid, efficient, and clinically applicable manner proved challenging. Therefore, we tested the efficacy of donor splenocytes rapidly and efficiently engineered to display on their surface a chimeric form of FasL protein (SA-FasL) for tolerance induction to cardiac allografts. The i.p. injection of ACI rats with Wistar-Furth rat splenocytes displaying SA-FasL on their surface resulted in tolerance to donor, but not F344 third-party cardiac allografts. Tolerance was associated with apoptosis of donor reactive T effector cells and induction/expansion of CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T regulatory (Treg) cells. Treg cells played a critical role in the observed tolerance as adoptive transfer of sorted Treg cells from long-term graft recipients into naive unmanipulated ACI rats resulted in indefinite survival of secondary Wistar-Furth grafts. Immunomodulation with allogeneic cells rapidly and efficiently engineered to display on their surface SA-FasL protein provides an effective and clinically applicable means of cell-based therapy with potential application to regenerative medicine, transplantation, and autoimmunity.

  2. Arene-ruthenium(II) complexes with hydrophilic P-donor ligands: versatile catalysts in aqueous media.

    PubMed

    Crochet, Pascale; Cadierno, Victorio

    2014-09-07

    In the last few years there has been increasing interest in the use of water as a reaction medium for catalysis, and therefore in designing water-soluble transition-metal catalysts. Half-sandwich (η(6)-arene)-ruthenium(ii) complexes are a versatile and well-known family of ruthenium compounds that exhibit a rich catalytic and coordination chemistry. This Perspective article focuses on the catalytic applications in aqueous media of (η(6)-arene)-ruthenium(ii) complexes containing water-soluble phosphines, and related hydrophilic P-donor ligands.

  3. Fused donor-acceptor ligands in RuII chemistry: synthesis, electrochemistry and spectroscopy of [Ru(bpy)3-n(TTF-dppz)n](PF6)2.

    PubMed

    Goze, Christine; Leiggener, Claudia; Liu, Shi-Xia; Sanguinet, Lionel; Levillain, Eric; Hauser, Andreas; Decurtins, Silvio

    2007-07-16

    Three ruthenium(II) polypyridine complexes of general formula [Ru(bpy)(3-n)(TTF-dppz)n](PF6)2 (n=1-3, bpy=2,2'-bipyridine), with one, two or three redox-active TTF-dppz (4',5'-bis(propylthio)tetrathiafulvenyl[i]dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine) ligands, were synthesised and fully characterised. Their electrochemical and photophysical properties are reported together with those of the reference compounds [Ru(bpy)3](PF6)2, [Ru(dppz)3](PF6)2 and [Ru(bpy)2(dppz)](PF6)2 and the free TTF-dppz ligand. All three complexes show intraligand charge-transfer (ILCT) fluorescence of the TTF-dppz ligand. Remarkably, the complex with n=1 exhibits luminescence from the Ru(2+)-->dppz metal-to-ligand charge-transfer ((3)MLCT) state, whereas for the other two complexes, a radiationless pathway via electron transfer from a second TTF-dppz ligand quenches the (3)MLCT luminescence. The TTF fragments as electron donors thus induce a ligand-to-ligand charge-separated (LLCS) state of the form TTF-dppz- -Ru(2+)-dppz-TTF(+). The lifetime of this LLCS state is approximately 2.3 micros, which is four orders of magnitude longer than that of 0.4 ns for the ILCT state, because recombination of charges on two different ligands is substantially slower.

  4. DNA interaction and cytotoxic activities of square planar platinum(II) complexes with N, S-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patel, Mohan N.; Patel, Chintan R.; Joshi, Hardik N.; Thakor, Khyati P.

    2014-06-01

    The platinum(II) complexes with N, S-donor ligands have been synthesized and characterized by physicochemical methods viz. elemental, electronic, FT-IR, 1H NMR and LC-MS spectra. The binding mode and potency of the complexes with HS DNA (Herring Sperm) have been examined by absorption titration and viscosity measurement studies. The results revealed that complexes bind to HS DNA via covalent mode with the intrinsic binding constant (Kb) in the range 1.37-7.76 × 105 M-1. Decrease in the relative viscosity of HS DNA also supports the covalent mode of binding. The DNA cleavage activity of synthesized complexes has been carried out by gel electrophoresis experiment using supercoiled form of pUC19 DNA; showing the unwinding of the negatively charged supercoiled DNA. Brine shrimp (Artemia Cysts) lethality bioassay technique has been applied for the determination of toxic property of synthesized complexes in terms of μM.

  5. Evaluation of donor and steric properties of anionic ligands on high valent transition metals.

    PubMed

    DiFranco, Stephen A; Maciulis, Nicholas A; Staples, Richard J; Batrice, Rami J; Odom, Aaron L

    2012-01-16

    Synthetic protocols and characterization data for a variety of chromium(VI) nitrido compounds of the general formula NCr(NPr(i)(2))(2)X are reported, where X = NPr(i)(2) (1), I (2), Cl (3), Br (4), OTf (5), 1-adamantoxide (6), OSiPh(3) (7), O(2)CPh (8), OBu(t)(F6) (9), OPh (10), O-p-(OMe)C(6)H(4) (11), O-p-(SMe)C(6)H(4) (12), O-p-(Bu(t))C(6)H(4) (13), O-p-(F)C(6)H(4) (14), O-p-(Cl)C(6)H(4) (15), O-p-(CF(3))C(6)H(4) (16), OC(6)F(5) (17), κ(O)-N-oxy-phthalimide (18), SPh (19), OCH(2)Ph (20), NO(3) (21), pyrrolyl (22), 3-C(6)F(5)-pyrrolyl (23), 3-[3,5-(CF(3))(2)C(6)H(3)]pyrrolyl (24), indolyl (25), carbazolyl (26), N(Me)Ph (27), κ(N)-NCO (28), κ(N)-NCS (29), CN (30), NMe(2) (31), F (33). Several different techniques were employed in the syntheses, including nitrogen-atom transfer for the formation of 1. A cationic chromium complex [NCr(NPr(i)(2))(2)(DMAP)]BF(4) (32) was used as an intermediate for the production of 33, which was produced by tin-catalyzed degredation of the salt. Using spin saturation transfer or line shape analysis, the free energy barriers for diisopropylamido rotation were studied. It is proposed that the estimated enthalpic barriers, Ligand Donor Parameters (LDPs), for amido rotation can be used to parametrize the donor abilities of this diverse set of anionic ligands toward transition metal centers in low d-electron counts. The new LDPs do not correlate well to the pK(a) value of X. Conversely, the LDP values of phenoxide ligands do correlate with Hammett parameters for the para-substituents. Literature data for (13)C NMR chemical shifts for a tungsten-based system with various X ligands plotted versus LDP provided a linear fit. In addition, the angular overlap model derived e(σ) + e(π) values for chromium(III) ammine complexes correlate with LDP values. Also discussed is the correlation with XTiCp*(2) spectroscopic data. X-ray diffraction has been used used to characterize 31 of the compounds. From the X-ray diffraction data, steric

  6. Tropolone Complexes Formed with Amphoteric Ligands: Structure and Dynamics as Viewed across the Vibronic Landscape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nemchick, Deacon J.; Chew, Kathryn; Vaccaro, Patrick H.

    2013-06-01

    Owing to the presence of a finite potential barrier that adjoins hydroxylic (proton-donating) and ketonic (proton-accepting) oxygen atom centers, tropolone (TrOH) long has served as a model system for the investigation of coherent (symmetrical) proton-transfer events. Hydrogen-bound complexes formed by docking amphoteric species onto the TrOH substrate, such as those involving formic acid [TrOH-(FA)_n] and other simultaneous donor-acceptor ligands, have been generated under supersonic free-jet expansion conditions. For binary adducts (n=1), quantum-chemical calculations predict two nearly degenerate isomers that can be labeled as external (ligand attached to the seven-membered aromatic ring) and internal (ligand bound to the O-H \\cdot\\cdot\\cdot O reaction site), where the latter cleft-bound form offers the tantalizing possibility of undergoing a double proton-transfer process. A variety of spectroscopic probes build around the intense ˜{A}^{1}{B}_{2}-˜{X}^{1}{A}_{1} (π ^{*}←π) near-ultraviolet absorption feature of bare tropolone have been enlisted to elucidate the binding motifs and reaction pathways in complexes containing one or more amphoteric ligands, including vibrationally resolved schemes based upon laser-induced fluorescence (LIF), dispersed fluorescence (DF), and fluorescence hole-burning (FHB) methods. Structural and dynamical information gleaned from these experiments will be discussed in light of complementary ab initio calculations.

  7. Programmed death ligand-1 expression on donor T cells drives graft-versus-host disease lethality

    PubMed Central

    O’Connor, Roddy S.; Thangavelu, Govindarajan; Lovitch, Scott B.; Dandamudi, Durga Bhavani; Vincent, Benjamin G.; Tkachev, Victor; Pawlicki, Jan M.; Furlan, Scott N.; Kean, Leslie S.; Aoyama, Kazutoshi; Taylor, Patricia A.; Panoskaltsis-Mortari, Angela; Foncea, Rocio; Ranganathan, Parvathi; Devine, Steven M.; Burrill, Joel S.; Guo, Lili; Sacristan, Catarina; Snyder, Nathaniel W.; Blair, Ian A.; Milone, Michael C.; Dustin, Michael L.; Riley, James L.; Bernlohr, David A.; Murphy, William J.; Fife, Brian T.; Munn, David H.; Miller, Jeffrey S.; Serody, Jonathan S.; Freeman, Gordon J.; Sharpe, Arlene H.; Turka, Laurence A.

    2016-01-01

    Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) interaction with PD-1 induces T cell exhaustion and is a therapeutic target to enhance immune responses against cancer and chronic infections. In murine bone marrow transplant models, PD-L1 expression on host target tissues reduces the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). PD-L1 is also expressed on T cells; however, it is unclear whether PD-L1 on this population influences immune function. Here, we examined the effects of PD-L1 modulation of T cell function in GVHD. In patients with severe GVHD, PD-L1 expression was increased on donor T cells. Compared with mice that received WT T cells, GVHD was reduced in animals that received T cells from Pdl1–/– donors. PD-L1–deficient T cells had reduced expression of gut homing receptors, diminished production of inflammatory cytokines, and enhanced rates of apoptosis. Moreover, multiple bioenergetic pathways, including aerobic glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation, and fatty acid metabolism, were also reduced in T cells lacking PD-L1. Finally, the reduction of acute GVHD lethality in mice that received Pdl1–/– donor cells did not affect graft-versus-leukemia responses. These data demonstrate that PD-L1 selectively enhances T cell–mediated immune responses, suggesting a context-dependent function of the PD-1/PD-L1 axis, and suggest selective inhibition of PD-L1 on donor T cells as a potential strategy to prevent or ameliorate GVHD. PMID:27294527

  8. Programmed death ligand-1 expression on donor T cells drives graft-versus-host disease lethality.

    PubMed

    Saha, Asim; O'Connor, Roddy S; Thangavelu, Govindarajan; Lovitch, Scott B; Dandamudi, Durga Bhavani; Wilson, Caleph B; Vincent, Benjamin G; Tkachev, Victor; Pawlicki, Jan M; Furlan, Scott N; Kean, Leslie S; Aoyama, Kazutoshi; Taylor, Patricia A; Panoskaltsis-Mortari, Angela; Foncea, Rocio; Ranganathan, Parvathi; Devine, Steven M; Burrill, Joel S; Guo, Lili; Sacristan, Catarina; Snyder, Nathaniel W; Blair, Ian A; Milone, Michael C; Dustin, Michael L; Riley, James L; Bernlohr, David A; Murphy, William J; Fife, Brian T; Munn, David H; Miller, Jeffrey S; Serody, Jonathan S; Freeman, Gordon J; Sharpe, Arlene H; Turka, Laurence A; Blazar, Bruce R

    2016-07-01

    Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) interaction with PD-1 induces T cell exhaustion and is a therapeutic target to enhance immune responses against cancer and chronic infections. In murine bone marrow transplant models, PD-L1 expression on host target tissues reduces the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). PD-L1 is also expressed on T cells; however, it is unclear whether PD-L1 on this population influences immune function. Here, we examined the effects of PD-L1 modulation of T cell function in GVHD. In patients with severe GVHD, PD-L1 expression was increased on donor T cells. Compared with mice that received WT T cells, GVHD was reduced in animals that received T cells from Pdl1-/- donors. PD-L1-deficient T cells had reduced expression of gut homing receptors, diminished production of inflammatory cytokines, and enhanced rates of apoptosis. Moreover, multiple bioenergetic pathways, including aerobic glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation, and fatty acid metabolism, were also reduced in T cells lacking PD-L1. Finally, the reduction of acute GVHD lethality in mice that received Pdl1-/- donor cells did not affect graft-versus-leukemia responses. These data demonstrate that PD-L1 selectively enhances T cell-mediated immune responses, suggesting a context-dependent function of the PD-1/PD-L1 axis, and suggest selective inhibition of PD-L1 on donor T cells as a potential strategy to prevent or ameliorate GVHD.

  9. NO-Donor Iron Nitrosyl Complex with N-Ethylthiourea Ligand Exhibits Selective Toxicity to Glioma A172 Cells.

    PubMed

    Sanina, Nataliya; Shmatko, Natal'ya; Stupina, Tatiyana; Balakina, Anastasiya; Terent'ev, Alexei

    2017-08-29

    We studied effects of NO-donor iron nitrosyl complex with N-ethylthiourea ligand (ETM) on normal or tumor-derived cell lines. ETM was mildly toxic to most cell lines studied except the human glioma cell line A172 that proved to be highly sensitive to the complex and underwent cell death after ETM exposure. The high susceptibility of A172 cells to ETM was attributed to its NO-donor properties since no toxicity was detected for the N-ethylthiourea ligand.

  10. Lanthanide(III) Complexes of Tripodal N-Donor Ligands: Structural Models for the Species Involved in Solvent Extraction of Actinides(III).

    PubMed

    Wietzke, Raphaël; Mazzanti, Marinella; Latour, Jean-Marc; Pécaut, Jacques; Cordier, Pierre-Yves; Madic, Charles

    1998-12-28

    The complexation of lanthanides(III) by the tripodal ligands tpa (tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine) and tpza (tris[(2-pyrazinyl)methyl]amine) has been investigated by solution NMR studies and by X-ray crystallography. The crystallographic studies show that both tpa and the new ligand tpza form complexes with a 1:1 metal:ligand ratio in which the tripodal amine acts as a tetradentate ligand. For the tpa complexes the remaining coordination sites are occupied by chloride counterions to give 7-coordination (Eu, Tb, Lu) or by chloride counterions and a methanol molecule to give 8-coordination (Nd). In [Nd(tpza)(H(2)O)(3)(CH(3)CN)(3)](ClO(4))(3).3H(2)O the remaining coordination sites are occupied by water and acetonitrile molecules to give 10-coordination while the perchlorate counterions remain non coordinating. Tpza complexes have been isolated from acetonitrile solution and dissociate completely in methanol, while the complexes of the more basic tpa can be isolated from methanol and exist in water in equilibrium with the free ligand. Solvent extraction studies of lanthanides(III) and actinides(III) from nitric acid solutions show that the new ligand tpza is, unlike tpa, a selective complexant of actinides(III). Considering their structural analogy, this difference could be explained in terms of the electronic differences between the two ligands resulting in a stronger affinity of actinides(III) for the softer donor tpza.

  11. Synthesis, biological and comparative DFT studies on Ni(II) complexes of NO and NOS donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousef, T. A.; El-Gammal, O. A.; Ahmed, Sara F.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.

    2015-01-01

    Three new NOS donor ligands have been prepared by addition ethanolic suspension of 2-hydrazino-2-oxo-N-phenyl-acetamide to phenyl isocyanate (H2PAPS), phenyl isothiocyanate (H2PAPT) and benzoyl isothiocyanate (H2PABT). The Ni(II) complexes prepared from the chloride salt and characterized by conventional techniques. The isolated complexes were assigned the formulaes, [Ni2(PAPS)(H2O)2](H2O)2, [Ni(H2PAPT)Cl2(H2O)](H2O)2 and [(Ni)2(HPABT)2Cl2(H2O)2], respectively. The IR spectra of complexes shows that H2PAPS behaves as a binegative pentadentate via both CO of hydrazide moiety in keto and enol form, enolized CO of cyanate moiety and the CN (azomethine) groups of enolization. H2PAPT behaves as neutral tridentate via both CO of hydrazide moiety and CN (azomethine) group due to SH formation and finally H2PABT behaves as mononegative tetradentate via CO and enolized CO of hydrazide moiety, CO of benzoyl moiety and Cdbnd S groups. The experimental IR spectra of ligands are compared with those obtained theoretically from DFT calculations. Also, the bond lengths, bond angles, HOMO (Highest Occupied Molecular Orbitals), LUMO (Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital) and dipole moments have been calculated. The calculated HOMO-LUMO energy gap reveals that charge transfer occurs within the molecule. The theoretical values of binding energies indicate the higher stability of complexes than of ligands. Also, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different thermal degradation steps of the complexes were determined by Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. The antibacterial activities were also tested against B. Subtilis and E. coli bacteria. The free ligands showed a higher antibacterial effect than their Ni(II) complexes. The antitumor activities of the Ligands and their Ni(II) complexes have been evaluated against liver (HePG2) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cells. All ligands were found to display cytotoxicity that are better than that of Fluorouracil (5-FU), while Ni

  12. Synthesis, biological and comparative DFT studies on Ni(II) complexes of NO and NOS donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Yousef, T A; El-Gammal, O A; Ahmed, Sara F; Abu El-Reash, G M

    2015-01-25

    Three new NOS donor ligands have been prepared by addition ethanolic suspension of 2-hydrazino-2-oxo-N-phenyl-acetamide to phenyl isocyanate (H2PAPS), phenyl isothiocyanate (H2PAPT) and benzoyl isothiocyanate (H2PABT). The Ni(II) complexes prepared from the chloride salt and characterized by conventional techniques. The isolated complexes were assigned the formulaes, [Ni2(PAPS)(H2O)2](H2O)2, [Ni(H2PAPT)Cl2(H2O)](H2O)2 and [(Ni)2(HPABT)2Cl2(H2O)2], respectively. The IR spectra of complexes shows that H2PAPS behaves as a binegative pentadentate via both CO of hydrazide moiety in keto and enol form, enolized CO of cyanate moiety and the CN (azomethine) groups of enolization. H2PAPT behaves as neutral tridentate via both CO of hydrazide moiety and CN (azomethine) group due to SH formation and finally H2PABT behaves as mononegative tetradentate via CO and enolized CO of hydrazide moiety, CO of benzoyl moiety and C=S groups. The experimental IR spectra of ligands are compared with those obtained theoretically from DFT calculations. Also, the bond lengths, bond angles, HOMO (Highest Occupied Molecular Orbitals), LUMO (Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital) and dipole moments have been calculated. The calculated HOMO-LUMO energy gap reveals that charge transfer occurs within the molecule. The theoretical values of binding energies indicate the higher stability of complexes than of ligands. Also, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different thermal degradation steps of the complexes were determined by Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. The antibacterial activities were also tested against B. Subtilis and E. coli bacteria. The free ligands showed a higher antibacterial effect than their Ni(II) complexes. The antitumor activities of the Ligands and their Ni(II) complexes have been evaluated against liver (HePG2) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cells. All ligands were found to display cytotoxicity that are better than that of Fluorouracil (5-FU), while Ni

  13. Mixed tridentate π -donor and monodentate π -acceptor ligands as chelating systems for rhenium-188 and technetium-99m nitrido radiopharmaceuticals.

    PubMed

    Boschi, Alessandra; Uccelli, Licia; Pasquali, Micol; Pasqualini, Roberto; Guerrini, Remo; Duatti, Adriano

    2013-09-01

    A new molecular metallic fragment for labeling biologically active molecules with 99mTc and 188Re is described. This system is composed of a combination of tridentate π-donor and monodentate π-acceptor ligands bound to a [M Ξ N]2+ group (M = (99m)Tc, 188Re) in a pseudo square-pyramidal geometry. A simple structural model of the new metallic fragment was obtained by reacting the ligand 2, 2'-iminodiethanethiol [H2NS2 = NH(CH2CH2SH)2] and monodentate tertiary phosphines with the [M Ξ N]2+ group (M = (99m)Tc, (188)Re). In the resulting complexes (dubbed3+1complexes), the tridentate ligand binds the [M Ξ N]2+ core through the two deprotonated, negatively charged, thiol sulfur atoms and the neutral, protonated, amine nitrogen atom. The residual fourth position of the five-coordinated arrangement is occupied by a phosphine ligand. The chemical identity of these model (99m)Tc and (188)Re compounds was established by comparison with the chromatographic properties of the corresponding complexes obtained at the macroscopic level with the long-lived (99)Tc and natural Re isotopes. The investigation was further extended to comprise a series of ligands formed by simple combinations of two basic amino acids or pseudo-amino acids to yield potential tridentate chelating systems having [S, N, S] and [N, N, S] as sets of π-donor atoms. Labeling yields and in vitro stability were investigated using different ancillary ligands. Results showed that SNS-type ligands afforded the highest labeling yields and the most robust 3+1 nitrido complexes with both (99m)Tc and (188)Re. Thus, the new chelating system can be conveniently employed for labeling peptides and other biomolecules with the [M Ξ N]2+ group.

  14. Tris(carbene)borate ligands featuring imidazole-2-ylidene, benzimidazol-2-ylidene, and 1,3,4-triazol-2-ylidene donors. Evaluation of donor properties in four-coordinate {NiNO}10 complexes.

    PubMed

    Muñoz, Salvador B; Foster, Wallace K; Lin, Hsiu-Jung; Margarit, Charles G; Dickie, Diane A; Smith, Jeremy M

    2012-12-03

    The synthesis and characterization of new tris(carbene)borate ligand precursors containing substituted benzimidazol-2-ylidene and 1,3,4-triazol-2-ylidene donor groups, as well as a new tris(imidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand precursor are reported. The relative donor strengths of the tris(carbene)borate ligands have been evaluated by the position of ν(NO) in four-coordinate {NiNO}(10) complexes, and follow the order: imidazol-2-ylidene > benzimidazol-2-ylidene > 1,3,4-triazol-2-ylidene. There is a large variation in ν(NO), suggesting these ligands to have a wide range of donor strengths while maintaining a consistent ligand topology. All ligands are stronger donors than Tp* and Cp*.

  15. Tris(carbene)borate ligands featuring imidazole-2-ylidene, benzimidazol-2-ylidene and 1,3,4-triazol-2-ylidene donors. Evaluation of donor properties in four-coordinate {NiNO}10 complexes

    PubMed Central

    Muñoz, Salvador B.; Foster, Wallace K.; Lin, Hsiu-Jung; Margarit, Charles G.; Dickie, Diane A.

    2012-01-01

    The synthesis and characterization of new tris(carbene)borate ligand precursors containing substituted benzimidazol-2-ylidene and 1,3,4-triazol-2-ylidene donor groups, as well as a new tris(imidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand precursor are reported. The relative donor strength of the tris(carbene)borate ligands have been evaluated by the position of ν(NO) in four-coordinate {NiNO}10 complexes, and follows the order: imidazol-2-ylidene > benzimidazol-2-ylidene > 1,3,4-triazol-2-ylidene. There is a large variation in ν(NO), suggesting these ligands to have a wide range of donor strengths while maintaining a consistent ligand topology. All ligands are stronger donors than Tp* and Cp*. PMID:23140462

  16. Utilization of mixed ligands to construct diverse Ni(II)-coordination polymers based on terphenyl-2,2‧,4,4‧-tetracarboxylic acid and varied N-donor co-ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Chao; Zhao, Jun; Xia, Liang; Wu, Xue-Qian; Wang, Jian-Fang; Dong, Wen-Wen; Wu, Ya-Pan

    2016-06-01

    Three new coordination polymers, namely, {[Ni(H2L)(bix)(H2O)2]·2h2O}n (1), {[Ni(HL)(Hdpa)(H2O)2]·H2O}n (2), {[Ni(L)0.5(bpp)(H2O)]·H2O}n (3) (H4L=terphenyl-2,2‧,4,4‧-tetracarboxylic acid; bix=1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene; dpa =4,4‧-dipyridylamine; bpp=1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane), based on rigid H4L ligand and different N-donor co-ligands, have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Compound 1 features a 3D 4-connected 66-dia-type framework with H4L ligand adopts a μ2-bridging mode with two symmetry-related carboxylate groups in μ1-η1:η0 monodentate mode. Compound 2 displays a 1D [Ni(HL)(Hdpa)]n ribbon chains motif, in which the H4L ligand adopts a μ2-bridging mode with two carboxylate groups in μ1-η1:η1 and μ1-η1:η0 monodentate modes, while 3 possesses a (4,4)-connected 3D frameworks with bbf topology, with H4L ligand displays a μ4-bridging coordination mode. The H4L ligand displays not only different deprotonated forms but also diverse coordination modes and conformations. The structural diversities among 1-3 have been carefully discussed, and the roles of N-donor co-ligands in the self-assembly of coordination polymers have been well documented.

  17. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of silver(I) complexes based on N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid and N-donor ligands with different flexibility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Ming-Jie; Feng, Qi; Song, Hui-Hua

    2016-05-01

    By changing the N-donor ancillary ligand, three novel silver (I) complexes {[Ag(HbzgluO) (4,4‧-bipy)]·H2O}n (1), {[Ag2(HbzgluO)2 (bpe)2]·2H2O}n (2) and {[Ag(HbzgluO)(bpp)]·2H2O}n (3) (H2bzgluO = N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid, 4,4‧-bipy = 4,4ˊ-bipyridine, bpe = 1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethane, bpp = 1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane) were synthesized. Their structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses and further characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). In this study, the N-donor ligands are changed from rigidity (4,4‧-bipy), quasi-flexibility (bpe) to flexibility (bpp), the structures of complexes also change. Complex 1 features a 1D chain structure which is further linked together to construct a 2D supramolecular structure through hydrogen bonds. Complex 2 is a 1D double-chains configuration which eventually forms a 3D supramolecular network via hydrogen bonding interactions. Whereas, complex 3 exhibits a 2D pleated grid structure which is linked by hydrogen bonding interactions into a 3D supramolecular network. The present observations demonstrate that the modulation of coordination polymers with different structures can accomplish by changing the spacer length of N-donor ligands. In addition, the solid-state circular dichroism (CD) spectra indicated that compound 2 exhibited negative cotton effect which originated from the chiral ligands H2bzgluO and the solid-state fluorescence spectra of the three complexes demonstrated the auxiliary ligands have influence on the photoluminescence properties of the complexes.

  18. A survey of 1700 women who formed their families using donor spermatozoa.

    PubMed

    Sawyer, Neroli; Blyth, Eric; Kramer, Wendy; Frith, Lucy

    2013-10-01

    This paper reports the results of an online survey of 1700 recipients of donor spermatozoa conducted by the Donor Sibling Registry, aiming to understand the perspectives of respondents who had used donor spermatozoa. The survey examined: choice of sperm bank and donor; reporting of births and genetic disorders; disclosure; contact with donor and half-siblings; regulation of sperm donor activity and genetic testing; and access to medical information. The respondents formed three groups: single women; women in a same-sex relationship; and women in a heterosexual relationship. Some differences between the three cohorts were observed: preinsemination counselling; acceptance of donors without medical records or with chronic or late-onset diseases; awareness of choice of bank and type of donor; and views on the right of offspring to know their genetic origins. However, important areas of common ground were identified: the wish by those who had used an anonymous donor that they had used an open-identity donor; support for, and willingness to pay for, comprehensive genetic testing of donors; and desire for access to their donor's family health information. The implications of these results for policies concerning the use and management of donor spermatozoa will be discussed. This paper reports the results of a survey of 1700 women who used donor spermatozoa to conceive a child. The survey considers their views on the following areas: choice of sperm bank and donor; reporting of births and genetic disorders; disclosure; contact with donor and half-siblings; regulation of sperm donor activity and genetic testing; and access to medical information. This was an online survey was designed and conducted by the Donor Sibling Registry (DSR), a US-based non-profit organization that supports donor sperm recipients, donors and donor-conceived people. The survey aimed to understand the experiences, perspectives and concerns of women who had used donor spermatozoa. The respondents

  19. Probing the difference in covalence by enthalpy measurements: a new heterocyclic N-donor ligand for actinide/lanthanide separation.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yanqiu; Liu, Jun; Yang, Liang; Li, Kun; Zhang, Huabei; Luo, Shunzhong; Rao, Linfeng

    2015-05-21

    Complexation of Am(III), Nd(III), and Eu(III) with a new heterocyclic nitrogen-donor ligand, 2,9-di(quinazolin-2-yl)-1,10-phenanthroline (denoted as BQPhen in this paper), was studied by thermodynamic measurements and theoretical computations. The stability constants of two successive complexes in dimethylformamide, ML(3+) and ML2(3+) where M stands for Nd, Eu, or Am while L stands for the BQPhen ligand, were determined by absorption spectrophotometry. The enthalpy of complexation was determined by microcalorimetry. Results show that BQPhen forms ten times stronger complexes with Am(III) than Eu(III) or Nd(III) under identical conditions, suggesting that BQPhen could be used as an efficient extractant for the separations of trivalent actinides from lanthanides. The higher binding strength of BQPhen towards Am(III) than Nd(III) or Eu(III) is mainly due to the more favourable enthalpy of complexation for Am(III)/BQPhen complexes, implying a higher degree of covalence in the Am(III)/BQPhen complexes than the lanthanide(III)/BQPhen complexes. The thermodynamic trend was corroborated with computational results and validated by solvent extraction experiments that demonstrated BQPhen preferably extracted Am(III) more than Eu(III), with a separation factor of about 10. Discussions have been made to compare BQPhen with other phenanthroline derivatives such as CyMe4-BTPhen, a bis-triazine-phenanthroline derivative that was reported in the literature. Data suggest that, under identical conditions, BQPhen would form stronger complexes with Am(III), Eu(III), and Nd(III) than CyMe4-BTPhen.

  20. Estimation of stability constants for metal-ligand complexes containing neutral nitrogen donor atoms with applications to natural organic matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Atalay, Yasemin B.; Di Toro, Dominic M.; Carbonaro, Richard F.

    2013-12-01

    Linear free energy relationships (LFERs) were developed for estimating 1:1 metal-ligand stability constants (log KML) for small organic molecules containing neutral nitrogen donor atoms. A data set of 44 monodentate and 112 bidentate ligands for six metal ions: Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cd2+ was employed to parameterize the LFER equations. Monodentate and bidentate log KML values were adequately described using Irving-Rossotti LFERs previously developed for ligands containing negatively-charged oxygen functional groups. Modifications to the LFER equations were necessary to account for steric hindrances to metal complexation by primary, secondary, and tertiary amines. The resulting LFER equations can be used to estimate log KML values for monodentate and bidentate ligands with neutral nitrogen donor groups where such values do not currently exist in the literature. Comparison of these results to our previous work with negatively-charged oxygen donor atoms reveals that neutral nitrogen functional groups are weaker than their oxygen counterparts for metal ions classified as “hard” on the basis of Hard-Soft Acid-Base (HSAB) theory. For “soft” metals, the opposite is true. These LFERs can be used to incorporate nitrogen functional groups in models for metal ion binding to natural organic matter (NOM).

  1. On the search for NNO-donor enantiopure scorpionate ligands and their coordination to group 4 metals.

    PubMed

    Otero, Antonio; Fernández-Baeza, Juan; Tejeda, Juan; Lara-Sánchez, Agustín; Sánchez-Molina, Margarita; Franco, Sonia; López-Solera, Isabel; Rodríguez, Ana M; Sánchez-Barba, Luis F; Morante-Zarcero, Sonia; Garcés, Andrés

    2009-06-15

    The preparation of new chiral bis(pyrazol-1-yl)methane-based NNO-donor scorpionate ligands in the form of the lithium derivatives [Li(bpzb)(THF)] [1; bpzb = 1,1-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-3,3-dimethyl-2-butoxide] and [Li(bpzte)(THF)] [2; bpzte = 2,2-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1-p-tolylethoxide] or the alcohol ligands (bpzbH) (3) and (bpzteH) (4) has been carried out by 1,2-addition reactions with trimethylacetaldehyde or p-tolualdehyde. The separation of a racemic mixture of the alcohol ligand 3 has been achieved and gave an enantiopure NNO alcohol-scorpionate ligand in three synthetic steps: (i) 1,2-addition of the appropriate lithium derivative to trimethylacetaldehyde, (ii) esterification and separation of diastereoisomers 5, (iii) saponification. Subsequently, the enantiopure scorpionate ligand (R,R)-bpzmmH {6; R,R-bpzmmH = (1R)-1-[(1R)-6,6-dimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]2-hepten-2-yl]-2,2-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)ethanol} was obtained with an excellent diastereomeric excess (>99% de) in a one-pot process utilizing the aldehyde (1R)-(-)-myrtenal as a chiral substrate to control the stereochemistry of the newly created asymmetric center. These new chiral heteroscorpionate ligands reacted with [MX(4)] (M = Ti, Zr; X = NMe(2), O(i)Pr, OEt, O(t)Bu) in a 1:1 molar ratio in toluene to give, after the appropriate workup, the complexes [MX(3)(kappa(3)-NNO)] (7-18). The reaction of Me(3)SiCl with [Ti(NMe(2))(3)(bpzb)] (7) or [Ti(NMe(2))(3)(R,R-bpzmm)] (11) in different molar ratios gave the halide-amide-containing complexes [TiCl(NMe(2))(2)(kappa(3)-NNO)] (19 and 20) and [TiCl(2)(NMe(2))(kappa(3)-NNO)] (21 and 22) and the halide complex [TiCl(3)(kappa(3)-NNO)] (23 and 24). The latter complexes can also be obtained by reaction of the lithium compound 1 with TiCl(4)(THF)(2) and deprotonation of the alcohol group of 6 with NaH, followed by reaction with TiCl(4)(THF)(2) in a 1:1 molar ratio, respectively. Isolation of only one of the three possible diastereoisomers of the

  2. Computational insights on the geometrical arrangements of Cu(II) with a mixed-donor N3S3 macrobicyclic ligand.

    PubMed

    Algarra, Andrés G; Aullón, Gabriel; Bernhardt, Paul V; Martínez, Manuel

    2014-01-06

    The macrobicyclic mixed-donor N3S3 cage ligand AMME-N3S3sar (1-methyl-8-amino-3,13,16-trithia-6,10,19-triazabicyclo[6.6.6]eicosane) can form complexes with Cu(II) in which it acts as hexadentate (N3S3) or tetradentate (N2S2) donor. These two complexes are in equilibrium that is strongly influenced by the presence of halide ions (Br(-) and Cl(-)) and the nature of the solvent (DMSO, MeCN, and H2O). In the absence of halides the hexadentate coordination mode of the ligand is preferred and the encapsulated complex ("Cu-in(2+)") is formed. Addition of halide ions in organic solvents (DMSO or MeCN) leads to the tetradentate complex ("Cu-out(+)") in a polyphasic kinetic process, but no Cu-out(+) complex is formed when the reaction is performed in water. Here we applied density functional theory calculations to study the mechanism of this interconversion as well as to understand the changes in the reactivity associated with the presence of water. Calculations were performed at the B3LYP/(SDD,6-31G**) level, in combination with continuum (MeCN) or discrete-continuum (H2O) solvent models. Our results show that formation of Cu-out(+) in organic media is exergonic and involves sequential halide-catalyzed inversion of the configuration of a N-donor of the macrocycle, rapid halide coordination, and inversion of the configuration of a S-donor. In aqueous solution the solvent is found to have an effect on both the thermodynamics and the kinetics of the reaction. Thermodynamically, the process becomes endergonic mainly due to the preferential solvation of halide ions by water, while the kinetics is influenced by formation of a network of H-bonded water molecules that surrounds the complex.

  3. Structure and properties of silver sulfate complexes derived from dipyridyl methylthio ligands with secondary donor site

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Wen-Hua; Yan, Hao-Jie; Chen, Hui; Liu, Rui-Heng; Li, Ai-Min; Wang, Guo; Wan, Chong-Qing

    2017-06-01

    Dipyridyl sulphide ligands 4-(pyridin-4-ylmethylthio)pyridine (abbreviated as L1) and 3-(pyridin-4-ylmethylthio)pyridine (abbreviated as L2) have been designed and used as μ-N,N-bridging linkages to construct coordination polymers with free -S-CH2- groups as secondary donor sites. By use solvent control method, coordination polymers {[Ag3SO4(L1)3](Cl)·4.5H2O}∞(1), {[Ag2SO4(L1)2]·6H2O·2CH3OH}∞(2), {[Ag2SO4(L2)2]·H2O}∞(3) and {[Ag4(SO4)2(L2)4]·5H2O}∞(4) with different architectures were obtained. Complexes 1, 3 and 4 feature 1D channel with different sizes and structures. Complex 1 exhibits guest exchange by THF and 1,4-dioxane, and Hg2+ sorption ability from solution due to its relative larger channel and available bonding sites of -S- exposed to the channel region. All complexes have been characterized through single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), FT-IR spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), elemental and thermogravimetric analyses. The guest exchange and Hg2+ sorption were monitored and identified, and the structure-property relationship of coordination polymers 1-4 are discussed.

  4. Monofunctional platinum(II) complexes with potent tumor cell growth inhibitory activity: the effect of a hydrogen-bond donor/acceptor N-heterocyclic ligand.

    PubMed

    Margiotta, Nicola; Savino, Salvatore; Gandin, Valentina; Marzano, Christine; Natile, Giovanni

    2014-06-01

    In this paper we investigate the possibility of further increase the role of the N-donor aromatic base in antitumor Hollis-type compounds by conferring the possibility to act as a hydrogen-bond donor/acceptor. Therefore, we synthesized the Pt(II) complex cis-[PtCl(NH3 )2 (naph)]NO3 (1) containing the 1,8-naphthyridine (naph) ligand. The naphthyridine ligand is generally monodentate, and the second nitrogen atom can act as H-bond donor/acceptor depending upon its protonation state. The possibility of forming such an H-bond could be crucial in the interaction of the drug with DNA or proteins. Apart from the synthesis of the compound, in this study we evaluated its in vitro antitumor activity in a wide panel of tumor cell lines, also including cells selected for their sensitivity/resistance to oxaliplatin, which was compared with that of previously reported complex 2 ([PtI(2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline)(1-methyl-cytosine)]I) and oxaliplatin and cisplatin as reference compounds. The cytotoxicity data were correlated with the cellular uptake and the DNA platination levels. Finally, the reactivity of 1 towards guanosine 5'-monophosphate (5'-GMP) and glutathione was investigated to provide insights into its mechanism of action.

  5. Utilization of mixed ligands to construct diverse Ni(II)-coordination polymers based on terphenyl-2,2′,4,4′-tetracarboxylic acid and varied N-donor co-ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Chao; Zhao, Jun; Xia, Liang; Wu, Xue-Qian; Wang, Jian-Fang; Dong, Wen-Wen; Wu, Ya-Pan

    2016-06-15

    Three new coordination polymers, namely, {[Ni(H_2L)(bix)(H_2O)_2]·2h_2O}{sub n} (1), {[Ni(HL)(Hdpa)(H_2O)_2]·H_2O}{sub n} (2), {[Ni(L)_0_._5(bpp)(H_2O)]·H_2O}{sub n} (3) (H{sub 4}L=terphenyl-2,2′,4,4′-tetracarboxylic acid; bix=1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene; dpa =4,4′-dipyridylamine; bpp=1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane), based on rigid H{sub 4}L ligand and different N-donor co-ligands, have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Compound 1 features a 3D 4-connected 6{sup 6}-dia-type framework with H{sub 4}L ligand adopts a μ{sub 2}-bridging mode with two symmetry-related carboxylate groups in μ{sub 1}-η{sup 1}:η{sup 0} monodentate mode. Compound 2 displays a 1D [Ni(HL)(Hdpa)]{sub n} ribbon chains motif, in which the H{sub 4}L ligand adopts a μ{sub 2}-bridging mode with two carboxylate groups in μ{sub 1}-η{sup 1}:η{sup 1} and μ{sub 1}-η{sup 1}:η{sup 0} monodentate modes, while 3 possesses a (4,4)-connected 3D frameworks with bbf topology, with H{sub 4}L ligand displays a μ{sub 4}-bridging coordination mode. The H{sub 4}L ligand displays not only different deprotonated forms but also diverse coordination modes and conformations. The structural diversities among 1–3 have been carefully discussed, and the roles of N-donor co-ligands in the self-assembly of coordination polymers have been well documented. - Graphical abstract: Three nickel coordination polymers with different architectures based on mixed ligand system were synthesized and structurally characterized. Topology analyses indicate that 1 shows the 4-connected 6{sup 6}-dia net, 1D ribbon chains for 2 and 3D (4,4)-connected bbf network for 3. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Three Ni-based coordination polymers with distinct features have been prepared. • Compound 1 features a 3D 4-connected 66-dia-type framework, 2 displays a 1D [Ni(HL)(Hdpa)]{sub n} ribbon chains motif, while 3 possesses a (4,4)-connected 3D frameworks with bbf topology. • The “mixed ligand assembled

  6. Norfloxacin and N-Donor Mixed-Ligand Copper(II) Complexes: Synthesis, Albumin Interaction, and Anti-Trypanosoma cruzi Activity

    PubMed Central

    Martins, Darliane A.; Gouvea, Ligiane R.; Muniz, Gabriel S. Vignoli; Louro, Sonia R. W.; Batista, Denise da Gama Jaen; Soeiro, Maria de Nazaré C.; Teixeira, Letícia R.

    2016-01-01

    Copper(II) complexes with the first-generation quinolone antibacterial agent norfloxacin containing a nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) were prepared and characterized by IR, EPR spectra, molar conductivity, and elemental analyses. The experimental data suggest that norfloxacin was coordinated to copper(II) through the carboxylato and ketone oxygen atoms. The interaction of the copper(II) complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated using fluorescence quenching of the tryptophan residues and copper(II) EPR spectroscopy. The results of fluorescence titration revealed that copper(II) complexes have a moderate ability to quench the intrinsic fluorescence of the albumins through a static quenching mechanism. EPR experiments showed that BSA and HSA Cu(II) sites compete with NOR for Cu(II)-bipy and Cu(II)-phen to form protein mixed-ligand complexes. Copper(II) complexes, together with the corresponding ligands, were evaluated for their trypanocidal activity in vitro against Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. The tests performed using bloodstream trypomastigotes showed that the Cu(II)-N-donor precursors and the metal complexes were more active than the free fluoroquinolone. PMID:26924953

  7. Sulfur donor ligand binding to ferric cytochrome P-450-CAM and myoglobin. Ultraviolet-visible absorption, magnetic circular dichroism, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic investigation of the complexes.

    PubMed

    Sono, M; Andersson, L A; Dawson, J H

    1982-07-25

    The binding of thiol, thiolate, thioether, and disulfide sulfur donor ligands to ferric cytochrome P-450-CAM and myoglobin has been investigated by UV-visible absorption, magnetic circular dichroism (MCD), and EPR spectroscopy. For ferric P-450, the binding of all sulfur donors is competitive with substrate binding. Addition of thiols to P-450 leads to interconvertible thiol or thiolate-bound species depending on the thiol acidity (pKa) and the solution ph; ligation of thiols lowers their pKa by about 4 units. In contrast, only the thiolate-bound form is seen for myoglobin regardless of thiol acidity or solution pH (5.5-11.0), indicating that the heme iron of myoglobin is less electron-rich than that of P-450. Thiolate ligands show much higher affinity (Kd approximately 10(-6) M) for ferric P-450 than do thiols (Kd approximately 10(-3) M). The affinity of thioethers for P-450 (Kd approximately 10(-3) M) is pH-independent (pH 5.5-9.0). The observed disulfide coordination to P-450 represents the first example of disulfide ligation to heme iron; no significant evidence for thioether or disulfide binding to myoglobin is seen. Except for the thiolate complexes, the UV-visible and MCD spectral properties of the other sulfur donor . P-450 complexes are similar to, although distinguishable from, those of native P-450. The ferric P-450 . thiolate complexes exhibit MCD spectra resembling that of ferrous P-450 . CO; both also exhibit unique hyperporphyrin (split Soret) UV-visible spectra. The EPR spectra of all P-450 complexes examined display very narrow spread g-values such as are characteristic of native P-450, indicating that the endogenous cysteinate axial ligand is retained upon complex formation. The dissimilarities observed between P-450 and myoglobin in their reactivity toward sulfur donor ligands at least partly reflect the variation in heme iron electron density resulting from their different endogenous axial ligands and may, in turn, help to explain their

  8. Monomeric and dimeric nickel complexes derived from a pincer ligand featuring a secondary amine donor moiety.

    PubMed

    Spasyuk, Denis M; Zargarian, Davit

    2010-07-05

    Reaction of NiBr(2)(CH(3)CN)(x) with the unsymmetrical pincer ligand m-(i-Pr(2)PO)(CH(2)NHBn)C(6)H(4) (Bn = CH(2)Ph) gives the complex (R,S)-kappa(P),kappa(C),kappa(N)-{2-(i-Pr(2)PO),6-(CH(2)NHBn)-C(6)H(3)}Ni(II)Br, 1, featuring an asymmetric secondary amine donor moiety. Deprotonation of the latter with methyl lithium gave a dark brown compound that could not be characterized directly, but fully characterized derivatives prepared from this compound indicate that it is the LiBr adduct of the 14-electron amido species [kappa(P),kappa(C),kappa(N)-{2-(i-Pr(2)PO),6-(CH(2)NBn)-C(6)H(3)}Ni], 2. Thus, 2.LiBr reacts with water to regenerate 1, while reaction with excess benzyl or allyl bromide gave the POCN-type pincer complexes 3 and 4, respectively, featuring tertiary amine donor moieties. On the other hand, heating 2.LiBr at 60 degrees C led to loss of LiBr and dimerization to generate the orange crystalline compound [mu(N);kappa(P),kappa(C),kappa(N)-{2-(i-Pr(2)PO),6-(CH(2)NBn)-C(6)H(3)}Ni](2), 5. Solid state structural studies show that 1, 3, and 4 are monomeric, square planar complexes involving one Ni-N interaction, whereas complex 5 is a C(2)-symmetric dimer involving four Ni-N interactions and a Ni(2)N(2) core featuring a short Ni-Ni distance (2.51 A). Preliminary reactivity tests have shown that 5 is stable toward weak nucleophiles such as acetonitrile but reacts with strong nucleophiles such as CO or 2,6-Me(2)(C(6)H(3))NC. Reactions with protic reagents showed that phthalimide appears to break the dimer to generate a monomeric species, whereas alcohols appear to leave the dimer intact, giving rise instead to adducts through N...H...O interactions. These ROH adducts of 5 were found to be active precatalysts for the alchoholysis of acrylonitrile with up to 2000 catalytic turnover numbers.

  9. Two different hydrogen bond donor ligands together: a selectivity improvement in organometallic {Re(CO)3} anion hosts.

    PubMed

    Ion, Laura; Nieto, Sonia; Pérez, Julio; Riera, Lucía; Riera, Víctor; Díaz, Jesús; López, Ramón; Anderson, Kirsty M; Steed, Jonathan W

    2011-09-05

    Rhenium(I) compounds [Re(CO)(3)(Hdmpz)(2)(ampy)]BAr'(4) and [Re(CO)(3)(N-MeIm)(2)(ampy)]BAr'(4) (Hdmpz = 3,5-dimethylpyrazole, N-MeIm = N-methylimidazole, ampy = 2-aminopyridine or 3-aminopyridine) have been prepared stepwise as the sole reaction products in good yields. The cationic complexes feature two different types of hydrogen bond donor ligands, and their anion binding behavior has been studied both in solution and in the solid state. Compounds with 2-ampy ligands are labile in the presence of nearly all of the anions tested. The X-ray structure of the complex [Re(CO)(3)(Hdmpz)(2)(ampy)](+) (2) shows that the 2-ampy ligand is metal-coordinated through the amino group, a fact that can be responsible for its labile character. The 3-ampy derivatives (coordinated through the pyridinic nitrogen atom) are stable toward the addition of several anions and are more selective anion hosts than their tris(pyrazole) or tris(imidazole) counterparts. This selectivity is higher for compound [Re(CO)(3)(N-MeIm)(2)(MeNA)]BAr'(4) (5·BAr'(4), MeNA = N-methylnicotinamide) that features an amido moiety, which is a better hydrogen bond donor than the amino group. Some of the receptor-anion adducts have been characterized in the solid state by X-ray diffraction, showing that both types of hydrogen bond donor ligands of the cationic receptor participate in the interaction with the anion hosts. DFT calculations suggest that coordination of the ampy ligands is more favorable through the amino group only for the cationic complex 2, as a consequence of the existence of a strong intramolecular hydrogen bond. In all other cases, the pyridinic coordination is clearly favored.

  10. Dichlorodioxomolybdenum(VI) complexes bearing oxygen-donor ligands as olefin epoxidation catalysts.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Tânia S M; Gomes, Ana C; Lopes, André D; Lourenço, João P; Almeida Paz, Filipe A; Pillinger, Martyn; Gonçalves, Isabel S

    2015-08-21

    Treatment of the solvent adduct [MoO2Cl2(THF)2] with either 2 equivalents of N,N-dimethylbenzamide (DMB) or 1 equivalent of N,N'-diethyloxamide (DEO) gave the dioxomolybdenum(vi) complexes [MoO2Cl2(DMB)2] () and [MoO2Cl2(DEO)] (). The molecular structures of and were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Both complexes present a distorted octahedral geometry and adopt the cis-oxo, trans-Cl, cis-L configuration typical of complexes of the type [MoO2X2(L)n], with either the monodentate DMB or bidentate DEO oxygen-donor ligands occupying the equatorial positions trans to the oxo groups. The complexes were applied as homogeneous catalysts for the epoxidation of olefins, namely cis-cyclooctene (Cy), 1-octene, trans-2-octene, α-pinene and (R)-(+)-limonene, using tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHP) as oxidant. In the epoxidation of Cy at 55 °C, the desired epoxide was the only product and turnover frequencies in the range of ca. 3150-3200 mol molMo(-1) h(-1) could be reached. The catalytic production of cyclooctene oxide was investigated in detail, varying either the reaction temperature or the cosolvent. Complexes and were also applied in liquid-liquid biphasic catalytic epoxidation reactions by using an ionic liquid of the type [C4mim][X] (C4mim = 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium; X = NTf2, BF4 or PF6] as a solvent to immobilise the metal catalysts. Recycling for multiple catalytic runs was achieved without loss of activity.

  11. Engineering of bone marrow cells with fas-ligand protein-enhances donor-specific tolerance to solid organs.

    PubMed

    Askenasy, E M; Shushlav, Y; Sun, Z; Shirwan, H; Yolcu, E S; Askenasy, N

    2011-11-01

    Effective immunomodulation to induce tolerance to tissue/organ allografts is attained by infusion of donor lymphocytes endowed with killing capacity through ectopic expression of a short-lived Fas-ligand (FasL) protein. The same approach has proven effective in improving hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell engraftment. This study evaluates the possibility of substitution of immune cells for bone marrow cells (BMC) to induce FasL-mediated tolerance to solid organ grafts. Expression of FasL protein on BMC increased the survival of simultaneously grafted vascularized heterotopic cardiac grafts to 90%, as compared to 30% in recipients of naïve BMC. Similar results were obtained for skin allografts implanted into radiation chimeras at 1 week after bone marrow transplantation. Further reduction of preparative conditioning to busulfan resulted in acceptance of donor skin implanted at 2 weeks after transplantation of naïve and FasL-coated BMC, whereas third-party grafts were acutely rejected. The levels of donor chimerism were in the range of 0.7% to 12% at the time of skin grafting, with higher levels in recipients of FasL-coated BMC. It is concluded that FasL-mediated abrogation of alloimmune responses can be effectively attained with BMC. There is no threshold of donor chimerism, but tolerance to solid organs evolves during the process of donor-host mutual acceptance.

  12. Do Halogen-Hydrogen Bond Donor Interactions Dominate the Favorable Contribution of Halogens to Ligand-Protein Binding?

    PubMed

    Lin, Fang-Yu; MacKerell, Alexander D

    2017-07-20

    Halogens are present in a significant number of drugs, contributing favorably to ligand-protein binding. Currently, the contribution of halogens, most notably chlorine and bromine, is largely attributed to halogen bonds involving favorable interactions with hydrogen bond acceptors. However, we show that halogens acting as hydrogen bond acceptors potentially make a more favorable contribution to ligand binding than halogen bonds based on quantum mechanical calculations. In addition, bioinformatics analysis of ligand-protein crystal structures shows the presence of significant numbers of such interactions. It is shown that interactions between halogens and hydrogen bond donors (HBDs) are dominated by perpendicular C-X···HBD orientations. Notably, the orientation dependence of the halogen-HBD (X-HBD) interactions is minimal over greater than 100° with favorable interaction energies ranging from -2 to -14 kcal/mol. This contrasts halogen bonds in that X-HBD interactions are substantially more favorable, being comparable to canonical hydrogen bonds, with a smaller orientation dependence, such that they make significant, favorable contributions to ligand-protein binding and, therefore, should be actively considered during rational ligand design.

  13. Syntheses, structures and photoluminescence of lanthanide-organic frameworks assembled from multifunctional N,O-donor ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Che, Guang-Bo; Liu, Shu-Yu; Zhang, Qing; Liu, Chun-Bo; Zhang, Xing-Jing

    2015-05-15

    Four new lanthanide complexes [Ln(O–NCP){sub 2}(NO{sub 3})]{sub n} based on multifunctional N,O-donor ligand 2-(2-carboxyphenyl)imidazo(4,5-f)-(1,10)phenanthroline (O–HNCP) and Ln(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}·6H{sub 2}O (Ln=Nd(1), La(2), Sm(3), Eu(4)) have been achieved under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Structural analyses revealed that all of these four complexes possess similar two-dimensional layer structures. In addition, thermal stability and luminescent properties of these complexes were also investigated. - Graphical abstract: A series of lanthanide(III) coordination polymers with intriguing structures based on 2-(2-carboxyphenyl)imidazo(4,5-f)-(1,10)phenanthroline ligand have been hydrothermally synthesized. The thermal stabilities and photoluminescence properties of these complexes have been investigated. - Highlights: • Four lanthanide(III) complexes have been hydrothermally synthesized. • The N,O-donor O–HNCP was used as the ligand. • TGA and PL properties of complexes 1–4 have been investigated.

  14. Anion binding by protonated forms of the tripodal ligand tren.

    PubMed

    Bazzicalupi, Carla; Bencini, Andrea; Bianchi, Antonio; Danesi, Andrea; Giorgi, Claudia; Valtancoli, Barbara

    2009-03-16

    The interaction of the protonated forms of tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren) with NO(3)(-), SO(4)(2-), TsO(-), PO(4)(3-), P(2)O(7)(4-), and P(3)O(10)(5-) was studied by means of potentiometric and microcalorimetric measurements in a 0.10 M NMe(4)Cl aqueous solution at 298.1 +/- 0.1 K, affording stability constants and the relevant energetic terms DeltaH degrees and TDeltaS degrees of complexation. Thermodynamic data show that these anion complexation processes are mainly controlled by electrostatic forces, although hydrogen-bond interactions and solvation effects also contribute to complex stability, leading, in some cases, to special DeltaH degrees and TDeltaS degrees contributions. The crystal structures of [H(3)L][NO(3)](3) and [H(3)L][TsO](3) evidence a preferred tridentate coordination mode of the triprotonated ligands in the solid state. Accordingly, the H(3)L(3+) receptor binds a single oxygen atom of both NO(3)(-) and TsO(-) by means of its three protonated fingers, although in the crystal structure of [H(3)L][TsO](3), one conformer displaying bidentate coordination was also found. Modeling studies performed on the [H(3)L(NO(3))](2+) complex suggested that the tridentate binding mode is the preferred one in aqueous solution, while in the gas phase, a different complex conformation in which the receptor interacts with all three oxygen atoms of NO(3)(-) is more stable.

  15. Rhodium(III)-triphenylphosphine complex with NNS donor thioether containing Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, spectra, electrochemistry and catalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, Sujan; Sarkar, Deblina; Kundu, Subhankar; Roy, Puspendu; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2015-11-01

    New rhodium(III)-triphenylphosphine complex, [Rh(PPh3)(L)Cl2](PF6) (1) with thioether containing NNS donor ligand (L) (L = 2-(methylthio)-N-((pyridine-2-yl)methylene)benzenamine) has been synthesized and characterized. The pseudo octahedral geometry of the complex has been confirmed by single crystal X-ray analysis. The electronic structure, redox properties, absorption and emission properties of the complexes have been interpreted by DFT and TDDFT calculations. The complex effectively catalyzed the transfer hydrogenation reaction of ketones in 2-propanol and oxidation of alcohols in presence of NMO.

  16. Syntheses, characterizations and structures of NO donor Schiff base ligands and nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Şenol, Cemal; Hayvali, Zeliha; Dal, Hakan; Hökelek, Tuncer

    2011-06-01

    New Schiff base derivatives ( L 1 and L 2) were prepared by the condensation of 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde ( o-vanillin) and 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde ( iso-vanillin) with 5-methylfurfurylamine. Two new complexes [Ni(L 1) 2] and [Cu(L 1) 2] have been synthesized with bidentate NO donor Schiff base ligand ( L 1). The Ni(II) and Cu(II) atoms in each complex are four coordinated in a square planar geometry. Schiff bases ( L 1 and L 2) and complexes [Ni(L 1) 2] and [Cu(L 1) 2] were characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR, UV-vis, mass and 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopies. The crystal structures of the ligand ( L 2) and complexes [Ni(L 1) 2] and [Cu(L 1) 2] have also been determined by using X-ray crystallographic technique.

  17. Generation of spirotricyclic site-differentiated cyclotriphosphazenes: a solvent-free approach to multidentate N/O donor ligand systems.

    PubMed

    Harmjanz, Michael; Piglosiewicz, Ingmar M; Scott, Brian L; Burns, Carol J

    2004-01-26

    Cyclotriphosphazene-based ligand systems are valuable materials to model the metal-binding event on the structurally and electronically related functionalized high molecular weight polyphosphazenes. We here report the facile synthesis of novel spirotricyclic cyclotriphosphazenes N(3)P(3)(MeNC(2)H(4)NMe)(2)L(2), N(3)P(3)(iPrNC(2)H(4)NiPr)(2)L(2), and N(3)P(3)(o-O(2)C(12)H(8))(2)L(2) that enables different substituents to be incorporated into the ligand system. This synthetic approach allows for control over the solubility and steric requirements of the exocyclic bidentate substituents, as well as the donor type and denticity of the coordination sites. A mononuclear lanthanum complex ([La(NO(3))(3)[N(3)P(3)(pzpy)(2)(MeNC(2)H(4)NMe)(2)

  18. Auxiliary Ligand-Dependent Assembly of Several Ni/Ni-Cd Compounds with N 2 O 2 Donor Tetradentate Symmetrical Schiff Base Ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Ge, Ying-Ying; Li, Guo-Bi; Fang, Hua-Cai; Zhan, Xu-Lin; Gu, Zhi-Gang; Chen, Jin-Hao; Sun, Feng; Cai, Yue-Peng; Thallapally, Praveen K.

    2010-11-03

    Several low-dimensional Ni/Ni-Cd complexes containing N2O2 donor tetradentate symmetrical Schiff base ligand bis(acetylacetone)ethylene-diamine (sy-H2L2), namely, [Ni(sy-L2)]2∙HLa∙ClO4 (2), (HLa)2∙(ClO4)∙(NO3) (3), [Ni(sy-L2)X]2](4,4’-bipy) (where La = 5,7-dimethyl-3,6-dihydro-2H-1,4-diazepine, X = ClO4 (4), X=NO3 (5), [Ni(sy-L2)Cd(SCN)2]n (6) and [Ni(sy-L2)∙Cd(N3)2]n (7) have been synthesized from [Ni(sy-L2)]2∙H2O (1). Complex 2, is three component discrete assembly generated from (HLa)+ moiety bridged with [Ni(sy-L2)] unit and ClO4- anion. A solution containing complex 2 and Cd(NO3)2 results in a mixture of 1 and 3. Further re-crystallization of 1 and 3 with various auxiliary ligands, provides coordination complexes 4 – 7 stabilized by weak hydrogen bonds in which 6 and 7 represent the first 1D heteronuclear complexes based on symmetric acacen-base Schiff base ligand.

  19. New [Mo(eta3-allyl)(CO)2L3]+ complexes with monodentate or tridentate nitrogen-donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Pérez, Julio; Morales, Dolores; Nieto, Sonia; Riera, Lucía; Riera, Víctor; Miguel, Daniel

    2005-03-07

    Cationic complexes [Mo(eta(3)-allyl)(CO)2L3]+ (L3 = either nitrogen-donor tridentate ligand or three monodentate ligands) were prepared in high yield and under mild conditions using as precursors either the triflato complex [Mo(eta(3)-allyl)(OTf)(CO)2(NCMe)2] or the combination of the chloro complex [Mo(eta(3)-allyl)Cl(CO)2(NCMe)2] and the salt NaBAr'(4)(Ar'= 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl). The tridentate ligands employed were 2,2':6',2'-terpyridine (terpy) and cis,cis-1,3,5-cyclohexanetriamine (CHTA), whereas the monodentate ligands imidazole (im) and 3,5-dimethylpyrazole (dmpz) were chosen. In order to stabilize the labile intermediates, an excess of acetonitrile was used in most of the syntheses. However, the pyrazole complex was prepared through a nitrile-free route to avoid reactions at the coordinated nitrile. The solid state structures of [Mo(eta(3)-methallyl)(CO)2(terpy)]OTf (2), [Mo(eta(3)-methallyl)(CO)2(CHTA)]BAr'4 (3), [Mo(eta(3)-methallyl)(CO)2(NCMe)3]BAr'4 (4), [Mo(eta(3)-allyl)(CO)2(im)3]OTf (5) and [Mo(eta(3)-allyl)(CO)2(dmpz)3]BAr'4 (6) were determined by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction.

  20. New NO donor ligands and complexes containing furfuryl or crown ether moiety: Syntheses, crystal structures and tautomerism in ortho-hydroxy substituted compounds as studied by UV-vis spectrophotometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Şahin, Duygu; Koçoğlu, Serhat; Şener, Öznur; Şenol, Cemal; Dal, Hakan; Hökelek, Tuncer; Hayvalı, Zeliha

    2015-12-01

    NO donor ligands were prepared by the condensation of methoxy substituted salicylaldehyde with 5-methylfurfurylamine (1 and 2) and 4‧-aminobenzo-15-crown 5 (3-5). New crown ether ligands of Schiff base type (3-5) containing recognition sites for alkali metal and transition guest cations. Ni(II) complexes (1a-5a) have been synthesized with bidentate NO donor Schiff base ligands (1-5) with Ni(CH3COO)2.·4H2O. Monotopic crystalline 1:1 (Na+:ligand) sodium complexes (3b-5b) of the crown ether ligands were also prepared. Schiff bases (1-5) and complexes (1a-5a, 3b-5b) were characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR, 1H-, 13C-NMR and mass spectroscopies. The crystal structures of 1, 1a and 2 were verified by X-ray diffraction analysis. The tautomeric equilibria (phenol-imine, O-H⋯N and keto-amine, O⋯H-N forms) have been systematically studied by using UV-vis spectrophotometry for the o-hydroxy substituted compounds (1-5). The UV-visible spectra of these ligands (1-5) were recorded and commented in polar, non-polar, acidic and basic media.

  1. A new class of transition metal pincer ligand: tantalum complexes that feature a [CCC] X3-donor array derived from a terphenyl ligand.

    PubMed

    Sattler, Aaron; Parkin, Gerard

    2012-02-01

    A new class of [CCC] X(3)-donor pincer ligand for transition metals has been constructed via cyclometalation of a 2,6-di-p-tolylphenyl ([Ar(Tol(2))]) derivative. Specifically, addition of PMe(3) to [Ar(Tol(2))]TaMe(3)Cl induces elimination of methane and formation of the pincer complex, [κ(3)-Ar(Tol'(2))]Ta(PMe(3))(2)MeCl (Tol' = C(6)H(3)Me), which may also be obtained by treatment of Ta(PMe(3))(2)Me(3)Cl(2) with [Ar(Tol(2))]Li. Solutions of [κ(3)-Ar(Tol'(2))]Ta(PMe(3))(2)MeCl undergo ligand redistribution with the formation of [κ(3)-Ar(Tol'(2))]Ta(PMe(3))(2)Me(2)and [κ(3)-Ar(Tol'(2))]Ta(PMe(3))(2)Cl(2), which may also be synthesized by the reactions of [κ(3)-Ar(Tol'(2))]Ta(PMe(3))(2)MeCl with MeMgBr and ZnCl(2), respectively. Reduction of [κ(3)-Ar(Tol'(2))]Ta(PMe(3))(2)Cl(2) with KC(8) in benzene gives the benzene complex [κ(3)-Ar(Tol'(2))]Ta(PMe(3))(2)(η(6)-C(6)H(6)) that is better described as a 1,4-cyclohexadienediyl derivative. Deuterium labeling employing Ta(PMe(3))(2)(CD(3))(3)Cl(2) demonstrates that the pincer ligand is created by a pair of Ar-H/Ta-Me sigma-bond metathesis transformations, rather than by a mechanism that involves α-H abstraction by a tantalum methyl ligand. © 2012 American Chemical Society

  2. Linear free energy relationships for metal-ligand complexation: Bidentate binding to negatively-charged oxygen donor atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carbonaro, Richard F.; Atalay, Yasemin B.; Di Toro, Dominic M.

    2011-05-01

    Stability constants for metal complexation to bidentate ligands containing negatively-charged oxygen donor atoms can be estimated from the following linear free energy relationship (LFER): log KML = χOO( αO log KHL,1 + αO log KHL,2) where KML is the metal-ligand stability constant for a 1:1 complex, KHL,1 and KHL,2 are the proton-ligand stability constants (the ligand p Ka values), and αO is the Irving-Rossotti slope. The parameter χOO is metal specific and has slightly different values for five and six membered chelate rings. LFERs are presented for 21 different metal ions and are accurate to within approximately 0.30 log units in predictions of log KML values. Ligands selected for use in LFER development include dicarboxylic acids, carboxyphenols, and ortho-diphenols. For ortho-hydroxybenzaldehydes, α-hydroxycarboxylic acids, and α-ketocarboxylic acids, a modification of the LFER where log KHL,2 is set equal to zero is required. The chemical interpretation of χOO is that it accounts for the extra stability afforded to metal complexes by the chelate effect. Cu-NOM binding constants calculated from the bidentate LFERs are similar in magnitude to those used in WHAM 6. This LFER can be used to make log KML predictions for small organic molecules. Since natural organic matter (NOM) contains many of the same functional groups (i.e. carboxylic acids, phenols, alcohols), the LFER log KML predictions shed light on the range of appropriate values for use in modeling metal partitioning in natural systems.

  3. Linear Free Energy Relationships for Metal-Ligand Complexation: Bidentate Binding to Negatively-Charged Oxygen Donor Atoms

    PubMed Central

    Carbonaro, Richard F.; Atalay, Yasemin B.; Di Toro, Dominic M.

    2011-01-01

    Stability constants for metal complexation to bidentate ligands containing negatively-charged oxygen donor atoms can be estimated from the following linear free energy relationship (LFER): log KML = χOO(αO log KHL,1 + αO log KHL,2) where KML is the metal-ligand stability constant for a 1:1 complex, KHL,1 and KHL,2 are the proton-ligand stability constants (the ligand pKa values), and αO is the Irving-Rossotti slope. The parameter χOO is metal specific and has slightly different values for 5 and 6 membered chelate rings. LFERs are presented for 21 different metal ions and are accurate to within approximately 0.30 log units in predictions of log KML values. Ligands selected for use in LFER development include dicarboxylic acids, carboxyphenols, and ortho-diphenols. For ortho-hydroxybenzaldehydes, α-hydroxycarboxylic acids, and α-ketocarboxylic acids, a modification of the LFER where log KHL,2 is set equal to zero is required. The chemical interpretation of χOO is that it accounts for the extra stability afforded to metal complexes by the chelate effect. Cu-NOM binding constants calculated from the bidentate LFERs are similar in magnitude to those used in WHAM 6. This LFER can be used to make log KML predictions for small organic molecules. Since natural organic matter (NOM) contains many of the same functional groups (i.e. carboxylic acids, phenols, alcohols), the LFER log KML predictions shed light on the range of appropriate values for use in modeling metal partitioning in natural systems. PMID:21833149

  4. Activation of soluble guanylate cyclase by NO donors--S-nitrosothiols, and dinitrosyl-iron complexes with thiol-containing ligands.

    PubMed

    Severina, Irina S; Bussygina, Olga G; Pyatakova, Natalya V; Malenkova, Irina V; Vanin, Anatoly F

    2003-05-01

    We studied the capability of dimeric forms of dinitrosyl-iron complexes and S-nitrosothiols to activate soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) from human platelet cytosol. The dinitrosyl-iron complexes had the ligands glutathione (DNIC-GS) or N-acetylcysteine (DNIC-NAC). The S-nitrosothiols were S-nitrosoglutathione (GS-NO) or S-nitrosoacetylcysteine (SNAC). For both glutathione and N-acetylcysteine, the DNIC and S-nitrosothiol forms are equally effective activators of sGC. The activation mechanism is strongly affected by the presence of intrinsic metal ions. Pretreatment with the potent iron chelator, disodium salt of bathophenanthroline disulfonic acid (BPDS), suppressed sGC activation by GS-NO: the concentration of GS-NO producing maximal sGC activation was increased by two orders of magnitude. In contrast, activation by DNIC-GS is strongly enhanced by BPDS. When BPDS was added 10 min after supplementation of DNIC-GS or GS-NO at 4 degrees C, it exerted a similar effect on sGC activation by either NO donor: BPDS only enhanced the sGC stimulation at low concentrations of the NO donors. Our experiments demonstrated that both Fe(2+) and Cu(2+) ions contribute to the decomposition of GS-NO in the presence of ascorbate. The decomposition of GS-NO induced by Fe(2+) ions was accompanied by formation of DNIC. BPDS protected GS-NO against the destructive action of Fe(2+) but not Cu(2+) ions. Additionally, BPDS is a sufficiently strong chelator to remove the iron from DNIC-GS complexes. Based on our data, we propose that S-nitrosothiols activate sGC via a two-step iron-mediated process: In the first step, intrinsic Fe(2+) ions catalyze the formation of DNICs from S-nitrosothiols. In the secondary step, these newly formed DNICs act as the real NO donors responsible for sGC activation.

  5. Influence of killer immunoglobulin-like receptor/HLA ligand matching on achievement of T-cell complete donor chimerism in related donor nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Sobecks, R M; Ball, E J; Askar, M; Theil, K S; Rybicki, L A; Thomas, D; Brown, S; Kalaycio, M; Andresen, S; Pohlman, B; Dean, R; Sweetenham, J; Macklis, R; Bernhard, L; Cherni, K; Copelan, E; Maciejewski, J P; Bolwell, B J

    2008-04-01

    Achievement of complete donor chimerism (CDC) after allogeneic nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (NMHSCT) is important for preventing graft rejection and for generating a graft-vs-malignancy effect. The alloreactivity of NK cells and some T-cell subsets is mediated through the interaction of their killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) with target cell HLA/KIR ligands. The influence of KIR matching on the achievement of T-cell CDC after NMHSCT has not been previously described. We analyzed 31 patients undergoing T-cell replete related donor NMHSCT following fludarabine and 200 cGy TBI. Recipient inhibitory KIR genotype and donor HLA/KIR ligand matches were used to generate an inhibitory KIR score from 1 to 4 based upon the potential number of recipient inhibitory KIRs that could be engaged with donor HLA/KIR ligands. Patients with a score of 1 were less likely to achieve T-cell CDC (P=0.016) and more likely to develop graft rejection (P=0.011) than those with scores greater than 1. Thus, patients with lower inhibitory KIR scores may have more active anti-donor immune effector cells that may reduce donor chimerism. Conversely, patients with greater inhibitory KIR scores may have less active NK cell and T-cell populations, which may make them more likely to achieve CDC.

  6. Circularly Polarized Luminescence in Enantiopure Europium and Terbium Complexes with Modular, All-Oxygen Donor Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Seitz, Michael; Do, King; Ingram, Andrew J.; Moore, Evan G.; Muller, Gilles; Raymond, Kenneth N.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract: Circulaly polarized luminescence from terbium(III) complexed and excited by chiral antenna ligands gives strong emission The modular synthesis of three new octadentate, enantiopure ligands are reported - one with the bidentate chelating unit 2-hydroxyisophthalamide (IAM) and two with 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) units. A new design principle is introduced for the chiral, non-racemic hexamines which constitute the central backbones for the presented class of ligands. The terbium(III) complex of the IAM ligand, as well as the europium(III) complexes of the 1,2-HOPO ligands are synthesized and characterized by various techniques (NMR, UV, CD, luminescence spectroscopy). All species exhibit excellent stability and moderate to high luminescence efficiency (quantum yields ΦEu = 0.05–0.08 and ΦTb = 0.30–0.57) in aqueous solution at physiological pH. Special focus is put onto the properties of the complexes in regard to circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). The maximum luminescence dissymmetry factors (glum) in aqueous solution are high with |glum|max = 0.08 – 0.40. Together with the very favorable general properties (good stability, high quantum yields, long lifetimes), the presented lanthanide complexes can be considered as good candidates for analytical probes based on CPL in biologically relevant environments. PMID:19639983

  7. Supramolecular isomers of metal-organic frameworks: the role of a new mixed donor imidazolate-carboxylate tetradentate ligand.

    PubMed

    Richards, Victoria J; Argent, Stephen P; Kewley, Adam; Blake, Alexander J; Lewis, William; Champness, Neil R

    2012-04-14

    Five new metal-organic frameworks prepared from the ligand 5-bis(3-(1-imidazolyl)propylcarbamoyl)terephthalate (bipta(2-)) and transition metal salts, Zn(2+) (1), Co(2+) (2), Mn(2+) (3, 4) and Cu(2+) (5), are reported. Single crystal X-ray studies reveal that the bipta(2-) ligand acts as a tetradentate ligand and combines with four-coordinate cationic metal nodes to give four-connected framework structures. Whilst reaction of bipta(2-) with Zn(II) gives rise to a framework of diamondoid topology 1, the analogous frameworks with Co(II), Mn(II) and Cu(II) afford frameworks that incorporate square-planar nodes. Whereas 2 and 5 form frameworks of Cd(SO(4)) (cds) and square 4(4) nets (sql), respectively, reaction of Mn(II) with bipta(2-) forms two supramolecular isomers of topology cds for 3 and sql for 4.

  8. Diverse Cd(II) compounds based on N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid and N-donor ligands: Structures and photoluminescent properties

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, Ning; Guo, Wei-Ying; Song, Hui-Hua Yu, Hai-Tao

    2016-01-15

    Five new Cd(II) coordination polymers with N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid (H{sub 2}bzgluO) and different N-donor ligands, [Cd(bzgluO)(2,2′-bipy)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), [Cd(bzgluO)(2,4′-bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)·3H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (2), [Cd(bzgluO)(phen)·H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (3), [Cd(bzgluO)(4,4′-bipy)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (4), [Cd(bzgluO)(bpp)(H{sub 2}O)·2H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (5) were synthesized (2,2′-bipy=2,2′-bipyridine, 2,4′-bipy=2,4′-bipyridine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, 4,4′-bipy=4,4′-bipyridine, bpp=1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane). Compounds 1–2 exhibit a 1D single-chain structure. Compound 1 generates a 2D supramolecular structure via π–π stacking and hydrogen bonding, 3D architecture of compound 2 is formed by hydrogen bonding. Compound 3 features a 1D double-chain structure, which are linked by π–π interactions into a 2D supramolecular layer. Compounds 4-5 display a 2D network structure. Neighboring layers of 4 are extended into a 3D supramolecular architecture through hydrogen bonding. The structural diversity of these compounds is attributed to the effect of ancillary N-donor ligands and coordination modes of H{sub 2}bzgluO. Luminescent properties of 1–5 were studied at room temperature. Circular dichroism of compounds 1, 2 and 5 were investigated. - Graphical abstract: Five new Cd(II) metal coordination compounds with H{sub 2}bzgluO and different N-donor ligands were synthesized and characterized. Compounds 1, 2 and 3 present 1D structures, compounds 4 and 5 display 2D networks. Results indicate that auxiliary ligands and coordination modes of H{sub 2}bzgluO play an important role in governing the formation of final frameworks, and the hydrogen-bonding and π–π stacking interactions contribute the formation of the diverse supramolecular architectures. Furthermore, the different crystal structures influence the emission spectra significantly. - Highlights: • It is rarely reported that complexes prepared with N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid

  9. Circularly Polarized Luminescence in Enantiopure Europium and Terbium Complexes with Modular, All-Oxygen Donor Ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Seitz, Michael; Do, King; Ingram, Andrew; Moore, Evan; Muller, Gilles; Raymond, Kenneth

    2009-06-04

    The modular syntheses of three new octadentate, enantiopure ligands are reported, one with the bidentate chelating unit 2-hydroxyisophthalamide (IAM) and two with bidentate 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) units. A new design principle is introduced for the chiral, non-racemic hexamines which constitute the central backbones for the presented class of ligands. The terbium(III) complex of the IAM ligand, as well as the europium(III) complexes of the 1,2-HOPO ligands, are synthesized and characterized by various techniques (NMR, UV, CD, luminescence spectroscopy). All species exhibit excellent stability and moderate to high luminescence efficiency (quantum yields {phi}{sub Eu} = 0.05-0.08 and {phi}{sub Tb} = 0.30-0.57) in aqueous solution at physiological pH. Special focus is put onto the properties of the complexes in regard to circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). The maximum luminescence dissymmetry factors (glum) in aqueous solution are high with |glum|max = 0.08-0.40. Together with the very favorable general properties (good stability, high quantum yields, long lifetimes), the presented lanthanide complexes can be considered as good candidates for analytical probes based on CPL in biologically relevant environments.

  10. Human Leukocyte Antigen-C Genotype and Killer Immunoglobulin-like Receptor-Ligand Matching in Korean Living Donor Liver Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Hyeyoung; Park, Ki Hyun; Park, Hye Sun; Ryu, Ji Hyeong; Lim, Jihyang; Kim, Yonggoo; Na, Gun Hyung; Kim, Dong Goo

    2017-01-01

    Background The interaction between killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) and HLA class I regulates natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity and function. The impact of NK cell alloreactivity through KIR in liver transplantation remains unelucidated. Since the frequency of HLA-C and KIR genotypes show ethnic differences, we assessed the impact of HLA-C, KIR genotype, or KIR-ligand mismatch on the allograft outcome of Korean liver allografts. Methods One hundred eighty-two living donor liver transplant patients were studied. Thirty-five patients (19.2%) had biopsy-confirmed acute rejection (AR), and eighteen (9.9%) had graft failure. The HLA-C compatibility, KIR genotypes, ligand-ligand, and KIR-ligand matching was retrospectively investigated for association with allograft outcomes. Results Homozygous C1 ligands were predominant in both patients and donors, and frequency of the HLA-C2 allele in Koreans was lower than that in other ethnic groups. Despite the significantly lower frequency of the HLA-C2 genotype in Koreans, donors with at least one HLA-C2 allele showed higher rates of AR than donors with no HLA-C2 alleles (29.2% vs 15.7%, P=0.0423). Although KIR genotypes also showed ethnic differences, KIR genotypes and the number of activating KIR/inhibitory KIR were not associated with the allograft outcome. KIR-ligand mismatch was expected in 31.6% of Korean liver transplants and had no impact on AR or graft survival. Conclusions This study could not confirm the clinical impact of KIR genotypes and KIR-ligand mismatch. However, we demonstrated that the presence of HLA-C2 allele in the donor influenced AR of Korean liver allografts. PMID:27834065

  11. Diverse Cd(II) compounds based on N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid and N-donor ligands: Structures and photoluminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Ning; Guo, Wei-Ying; Song, Hui-Hua; Yu, Hai-Tao

    2016-01-01

    Five new Cd(II) coordination polymers with N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid (H2bzgluO) and different N-donor ligands, [Cd(bzgluO)(2,2‧-bipy)(H2O)]n (1), [Cd(bzgluO)(2,4‧-bipy)2(H2O)·3H2O]n (2), [Cd(bzgluO)(phen)·H2O]n (3), [Cd(bzgluO)(4,4‧-bipy)(H2O)]n (4), [Cd(bzgluO)(bpp)(H2O)·2H2O]n (5) were synthesized (2,2‧-bipy=2,2‧-bipyridine, 2,4‧-bipy=2,4‧-bipyridine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, 4,4‧-bipy=4,4‧-bipyridine, bpp=1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane). Compounds 1-2 exhibit a 1D single-chain structure. Compound 1 generates a 2D supramolecular structure via π-π stacking and hydrogen bonding, 3D architecture of compound 2 is formed by hydrogen bonding. Compound 3 features a 1D double-chain structure, which are linked by π-π interactions into a 2D supramolecular layer. Compounds 4-5 display a 2D network structure. Neighboring layers of 4 are extended into a 3D supramolecular architecture through hydrogen bonding. The structural diversity of these compounds is attributed to the effect of ancillary N-donor ligands and coordination modes of H2bzgluO. Luminescent properties of 1-5 were studied at room temperature. Circular dichroism of compounds 1, 2 and 5 were investigated.

  12. Synergistic effect of KIR ligands missing and cytomegalovirus reactivation in improving outcomes of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation from HLA-matched sibling donor for treatment of myeloid malignancies.

    PubMed

    Cardozo, Daniela Maira; Marangon, Amanda Vansan; da Silva, Rodrigo Fernandes; Aranha, Francisco José Penteado; Visentainer, Jeane Eliete Laguila; Bonon, Sandra Helena Alves; Costa, Sandra Cecília Botelho; Miranda, Eliana Cristina Martins; de Souza, Carmino Antonio; Guimarães, Fernando

    2016-10-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of KIR-HLA genotypes on the outcome of patients undergoing treatment for haematological malignancies by non-T-depleted lymphocyte haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from HLA-matched sibling donors. The prospective study was conducted at the Center of Hematology, University of Campinas, and 50 patients and their donors were followed up from 2008 to 2014. KIR and HLA class I genes were genotyped and patients grouped based on the presence of KIR ligands combined with KIR genotype of their respective donors. Patients with all KIR ligands present (n=13) had a significantly higher (p=0.04) incidence of acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) than patients with one or more KIR ligands missing (n=37). The overall survival following transplantation of patients with myeloid malignancies (n=27) was significantly higher (p=0.035) in the group with one or more KIR ligands missing (n=18) than in the group with all ligands present (n=9). Presence of KIR2DS2 was associated with a worsening of HSCT outcome while reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection improved the outcome of patients with one or more KIR ligands missing. Our results indicate that KIR-HLA interactions affect the outcome of the HLA-matched transplantation, particularly in patients with myeloid malignancies.

  13. Complexation Studies of Bidentate Heterocyclic N-Donor Ligands with Nd(III) and Am(III)

    SciTech Connect

    Ogden, Mark; Hoch, Courtney L.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Meier, Patrick; Lumetta, Gregg J.; Nash, Kenneth L.

    2011-11-28

    A new bidentate nitrogen donor complexing agent that combines pyridine and triazole functional groups, 2-((4-phenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)methyl)pyridine (PTMP), has been synthesized. The strength of its complexes with trivalent americium (Am3+) and neodymium (Nd3+) in anhydrous methanol has been evaluated using spectrophotometric techniques. The purpose of this investigation is to assess this ligand (as representative of a class of similarly structured species) as a possible model compound for the challenging separation of trivalent actinides from lanthanides. This separation, important in the development of advanced nuclear fuel cycles, is best achieved through the agency of multidentate chelating agents containing some number of nitrogen or sulfur donor groups. To evaluate the relative strength of the bidentate complexes, the derived constants are compared to those of the same metal ions with 2,2*-bipyridyl (bipy), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), and 2-pyridin-2-yl-1H-benzimidazole (PBIm). At issue is the relative affinity of the triazole moiety for trivalent f element ions. For all ligands, the derived stability constants are higher for Am3+ than Nd3+. In the case of Am3+ complexes with phen and PBIm, the presence of 1:2 (AmL2) species is indicated. Possible separations are suggested based on the relative stability and stoichiometry of the Am3+ and Nd3+ complexes. It can be noted that the 1,2,3-triazolyl group imparts a potentially useful selectivity for trivalent actinides (An(III)) over trivalent lanthanides (Ln(III)), though the attainment of higher complex stoichiometries in actinide compared with lanthanide complexes may be an important driver for developing successful separations.

  14. Preparation and application of triple helix forming oligonucleotides and single strand oligonucleotide donors for gene correction.

    PubMed

    Alam, Rowshon; Thazhathveetil, Arun Kalliat; Li, Hong; Seidman, Michael M

    2014-01-01

    Strategies for site-specific modulation of genomic sequences in mammalian cells require two components. One must be capable of recognizing and activating a specific target sequence in vivo, driving that site into an exploitable repair pathway. Information is transferred to the site via participation in the pathway by the second component, a donor nucleic acid, resulting in a permanent change in the target sequence. We have developed biologically active triple helix forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) as site-specific gene targeting reagents. These TFOs, linked to DNA reactive compounds (such as a cross-linking agent), activate pathways that can engage informational donors. We have used the combination of a psoralen-TFO and single strand oligonucleotide donors to generate novel cell lines with directed sequence changes at the target site. Here we describe the synthesis and purification of bioactive psoralen-linked TFOs, their co-introduction into mammalian cells with donor nucleic acids, and the identification of cells with sequence conversion of the target site. We have emphasized details in the synthesis and purification of the oligonucleotides that are essential for preparation of reagents with optimal activity.

  15. Immunomodulation with donor regulatory T cells armed with Fas-ligand alleviates graft-versus-host disease.

    PubMed

    Yolcu, Esma S; Kaminitz, Ayelet; Mizrahi, Keren; Ash, Shifra; Yaniv, Isaac; Stein, Jerry; Shirwan, Haval; Askenasy, Nadir

    2013-10-01

    Infusion of large numbers of donor regulatory T cells (Tregs) is an effective approach to suppress graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). We have reported previously that enhancing the killing activity of CD25(+) Tregs by decoration with short-lived Fas-ligand (FasL) protein (killer Tregs) is effective in abrogation of autoimmunity. In this study, we assessed the therapeutic efficacy of killer Tregs in murine models of lethal GvHD. In a model in which disease-associated mortality was not prevented by infusion of naive donor Tregs (3 days after transplant) at an effector:suppressor ratio of 10:1, killer Tregs rescued 70% of the mice and improved the clinical and histologic scores. We found that both effector lymphocytes and therapeutic Tregs migrate to and proliferate in the mesenteric lymph nodes of irradiated recipients; however, only killer Tregs increased fractional apoptosis of effector lymphocytes. Although the lymphoid organs were primarily reconstituted from the bone marrow with little contribution of the infused effector and suppressor subsets, immunomodulation with FasL caused a durable rise in fractions of CD4(+)FoxP3(+) Tregs. Our findings demonstrate that a short-lived apoptotic protein increases the suppressive activity of Tregs and ameliorates GvHD severity.

  16. Octahedral Ni(II) complex with new NNO donor Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, structure and Hirshfeld surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jana, Kalyanmoy; Maity, Tithi; Chandra Debnath, Subhas; Samanta, Bidhan Chandra; Seth, Saikat Kumar

    2017-02-01

    A new mononuclear Schiff base octahedral Ni(II) complex of general formula [NiII(L)2] has been synthesized using a new NNO donor Schiff base ligand (HL = 2-[(piperidin-2-ylmethylimino)-methyl]-phenol). The title complex has been characterized by various physical measurements such as elemental analyses, FT-IR, 1H NMR and UV-Vis spectroscopic techniques. The molecular structure of the title complex was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. The title complex is a mononuclear bis-ligand complex showing distorted octahedral geometry around nickel (II). X-ray crystallography reveals that the complex exhibits extensive supramolecular interactions in the solid-state. Two types of non-covalent interactions namely, π-π and C-H···π interactions are found to govern final solid-state architecture in the complex. The contribution of each interaction to the formation of the self-assembly has been analyzed through Hirshfeld surface calculation which enables quantitative contributions to the crystal packing in a novel visual manner.

  17. Synthesis, electronic structure and catalytic activity of ruthenium-iodo-carbonyl complexes with thioether containing NNS donor ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jana, Subrata; Jana, Mahendra Sekhar; Biswas, Sujan; Sinha, Chittaranjan; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2014-05-01

    The ruthenium carbonyl complexes 1 and 2 with redox noninnocent NNS donor ligand, 1-methyl-2-{(o-thiomethyl)phenylazo}imidazole (L) have been synthesized and characterized by various analytical and spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis and 1H NMR) techniques. The complexes exhibit a quasi-reversible one electron Ru(II)/Ru(III) oxidation couple at 1.11 V for 1 and 0.76 V for 2 along with two successive one electron ligand reductions. Catalytic activity of the compounds has been investigated to the oxidation of PhCH2OH to PhCHO, 2-butanol (C4H9OH) to 2-butanone, 1-phenylethanol (PhC2H4OH) to acetophenone, cyclopentanol (C5H9OH) to cyclopentanone, cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone, cycloheptanol to cycloheptanone and cycloctanol to cycloctanone using N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMO) as oxidant. The catalytic efficiency of 2 is greater than complex 1 and well correlate with the metal oxidation potential. DFT, NBO and TDDFT calculations in DFT/B3LYP/6-31G(d)/lanL2TZ(f) method are employed to interpret the structural and electronic features of the complexes.

  18. Guanidinato complexes of iridium: ligand-donor strength, O2 reactivity, and (alkene)peroxoiridium(III) intermediates.

    PubMed

    Kelley, Matthew R; Rohde, Jan-Uwe

    2013-03-04

    A series of seven [Ir{ArNC(NR2)NAr}(cod)] complexes (1a-1g; where R = Me or Et; Ar = Ph, 4-MeC6H4, 4-MeOC6H4, 2,6-Me2C6H3, or 2,6-(i)Pr2C6H3; and cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) were synthesized by two different methods from the neutral guanidines, ArN═C(NR2)NHAr, using either MeLi and [{Ir(cod)}2(μ-Cl)2] or [{Ir(cod)}2(μ-OMe)2]. Reaction of 1a-1g with CO produced the corresponding [Ir{ArNC(NR2)NAr}(CO)2] complexes (2a-2g), which were characterized by NMR and solution- and solid-state IR spectroscopy. Complexes 1b (R = Et, Ar = Ph), 1d (R = Et, Ar = 4-MeC6H4), 1f (R = Me, Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H3), and 2b (R = Et, Ar = Ph) were characterized by X-ray crystallography as mononuclear complexes with a guanidinato-κ(2)N,N' ligand and a cod or two CO ligands coordinated to the Ir center in a distorted square-planar environment. On the basis of the CO stretching frequencies of 2a-2g [avg. νCO (n-pentane) = 2016-2019 cm(-1)] and the alkene (13)C chemical shifts of 1a-1g [δ((13)CC═C) = 58.7-61.0 ppm], the donor strength of the guanidinato ligands was evaluated and compared to that of related monoanionic ligands. Reaction of 1a-1g in solution with O2 at 20 °C afforded (alkene)peroxoiridium(III) intermediates, [Ir{ArNC(NR2)NAr}(cod)(O2)] (3). The steric properties of the supporting ligand play a decisive role in O2 binding in that complexes without ortho substituents react largely irreversibly with O2 (1a-1e; where Ar = Ph, 4-MeC6H4 or 4-MeOC6H4), whereas complexes with ortho substituents exhibit fully reversible O2 binding (1f and 1g; where Ar = 2,6-Me2C6H3 or 2,6-(i)Pr2C6H3). Complexes 3a-3f were characterized by (1)H NMR and IR spectroscopy (νOO = 857-872 cm(-1)). Decay of the new intermediates and subsequent reaction with cod produced 4-cycloocten-1-one and the respective Ir(I) precursor.

  19. Therapeutic genome mutagenesis using synthetic donor DNA and triplex-forming molecules.

    PubMed

    Reza, Faisal; Glazer, Peter M

    2015-01-01

    Genome mutagenesis can be achieved in a variety of ways, though a select few are suitable for therapeutic settings. Among them, the harnessing of intracellular homologous recombination affords the safety and efficacy profile suitable for such settings. Recombinagenic donor DNA and mutagenic triplex-forming molecules co-opt this natural recombination phenomenon to enable the specific, heritable editing and targeting of the genome. Editing the genome is achieved by designing the sequence-specific recombinagenic donor DNA to have base mismatches, insertions, and deletions that will be incorporated into the genome when it is used as a template for recombination. Targeting the genome is similarly achieved by designing the sequence-specific mutagenic triplex-forming molecules to further recruit the recombination machinery thereby upregulating its activity with the recombinagenic donor DNA. This combination of extracellularly introduced, designed synthetic molecules and intercellularly ubiquitous, evolved natural machinery enables the mutagenesis of chromosomes and engineering of whole genomes with great fidelity while limiting nonspecific interactions. Herein, we demonstrate the harnessing of recombinagenic donor DNA and mutagenic triplex-forming molecular technology for potential therapeutic applications. These demonstrations involve, among others, utilizing this technology to correct genes so that they become physiologically functional, to induce dormant yet functional genes in place of non-functional counterparts, to place induced genes under regulatory elements, and to disrupt genes to abrogate a cellular vulnerability. Ancillary demonstrations of the design and synthesis of this recombinagenic and mutagenic molecular technology as well as their delivery and assayed interaction with duplex DNA reveal a potent technological platform for engineering specific changes into the living genome.

  20. Lanthanide coordination polymers based on multi-donor ligand containing pyridine and phthalate moieties: Structures, luminescence and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Feng, Xun; Liu, Lang; Wang, Li-Ya; Song, Hong-Liang; Qiang Shi, Zhi; Wu, Xu-Hong; Ng, Seik-Weng

    2013-10-15

    A new family of five lanthanide-organic coordination polymers incorporating multi-functional N-hetrocyclic dicarboxylate ligand, namely, [Ln{sub 2}(Hdpp){sub 2}(dpp){sub 2}]{sub n}Ln=Pr(1), Eu(2), Gd(3), Dy(4), Er(5) (H{sub 2}dpp=1-(3, 4-dicarboxyphenyl) pyridin-4-ol) have been fabricated successfully through solvothermal reaction of 1-(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)-4-hydroxypyridin-1-ium chloride with trivalent lanthanide salts, and have been characterized systematically. The complexes 1–5 are isomorphous and isostructural. They all feature three dimensional (3D) frameworks based on the interconnection of 1D double chains composed of the binuclear moiety [Ln{sub 2}(Hdpp){sub 2}]{sup 4+} basic carboxylate as secondary building unit (SBU). The results of magnetic analysis shows the same bridging fashion of carboxylic group in this case results in the different magnetic properties occurring within lanthanide polymers. Moreover, the Eu(III) and Dy(III) complexes display characteristic luminescence emission in the visible regions. - Graphical abstract: A new family of lanthanide-organic frameworks incorporating multi-donor twisted ligand has been fabricated successfully, and has been characterized systematically. The complexes 1–5 are isostructural, and all feather three dimensional (3D) frameworks based on the interconnection of 1D double stride chains composed of the binuclear moiety [Ln{sub 2}(Hdpp){sub 2}]{sup 2+} basic carboxylate as secondary building unit (SBU). Display Omitted - Highlights: • New family of lanthanide–organic coordination polymers incorporating multifunctional N-hetrocyclic dicarboxylate ligand has been fabricated. • They have been characterized systematically. • They all feather three dimensional frameworks based on the binuclear moiety of [Ln{sub 2}(Hdpp){sub 2}]{sup 2+}. • The Eu(III) and Dy(III) analogues exhibit intense photoluminescence.

  1. Palladium(II) Complexes Containing Mixed Nitrogen-Sulphur Donor Ligands: Interaction of [Pd(Methionine Methyl Ester)(H2O)2]2+ with Biorelevant Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Shoukry, Mohamed M.; Ezzat, Sameya M. T.

    2014-01-01

    Pd(MME)Cl2 complex (MME = methionine methyl ester) was synthesised and characterized by physicochemical measurements. The reaction of [Pd(MME)(H2O)2]2+ with amino acids, peptides, or dicarboxylic acids was investigated at 25°C and 0.1 M ionic strength. Amino acids and dicarboxylic acids form 1 : 1 complexes. Peptides form both 1 : 1 complexes and the corresponding deprotonated amide species. The stability of the complexes formed was determined and the binding centres of the ligands were assigned. Effect of solvent on the stability constant of Pd(MME)-CBDCA complex, taken as a representative example, shows that the complex is more favoured in a medium of low dielectric constant. The concentration distribution diagrams of the complexes were evaluated. PMID:25214826

  2. A Quantitative Measure of Conformational Changes in Apo, Holo and Ligand-Bound Forms of Enzymes.

    PubMed

    Singh, Satendra; Singh, Atul Kumar; Wadhwa, Gulshan; Singh, Dev Bukhsh; Dwivedi, Seema; Gautam, Budhayash; Ramteke, Pramod W

    2016-06-01

    Determination of the native geometry of the enzymes and ligand complexes is a key step in the process of structure-based drug designing. Enzymes and ligands show flexibility in structural behavior as they come in contact with each other. When ligand binds with active site of the enzyme, in the presence of cofactor some structural changes are expected to occur in the active site. Motivation behind this study is to determine the nature of conformational changes as well as regions where such changes are more pronounced. To measure the structural changes due to cofactor and ligand complex, enzyme in apo, holo and ligand-bound forms is selected. Enzyme data set was retrieved from protein data bank. Fifteen triplet groups were selected for the analysis of structural changes based on selection criteria. Structural features for selected enzymes were compared at the global as well as local region. Accessible surface area for the enzymes in entire triplet set was calculated, which describes the change in accessible surface area upon binding of cofactor and ligand with the enzyme. It was observed that some structural changes take place during binding of ligand in the presence of cofactor. This study will helps in understanding the level of flexibility in protein-ligand interaction for computer-aided drug designing.

  3. Assessment of new triplet forming artificial nucleobases as RNA ligands directed towards HCV IRES IIId loop.

    PubMed

    Safir Filho, Mauro; Martin, Anthony R; Benhida, Rachid

    2017-04-15

    We report the synthesis of two new artificial nucleobase scaffolds, 1 and 2, featuring adequate hydrogen bonding donors and acceptors for the molecular recognition of U:A and C:G base pairs, respectively. The tethering of these structures to various amino acids and the assessment of these artificial nucleobase-amino acid conjugates as RNA ligands against a model of HCV IRES IIId domain are also reported. Compound 1e displayed the highest affinity (Kd twice lower than neomycin - control). Moreover, it appears that this interaction is enthalpically and entropically favored.

  4. Diverse CdII coordination complexes derived from bromide isophthalic acid binding with auxiliary N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Meng; Dong, Bao-Xia; Wu, Yi-Chen; Yang, Fang; Liu, Wen-Long; Teng, Yun-Lei

    2016-12-01

    The coordination characteristics of 4-bromoisophthalic acid (4-Br-H2ip) have been investigated in a series of CdII-based frameworks. Hydrothermal reactions of CdII salts and 4-Br-H2ip together with flexible or semiflexible N-donor auxiliary ligands resulted in the formation of four three-dimensional coordination complexes with diverse structures: {Cd(bix)0.5(bix)0.5(4-Br-ip)]·H2O}n (1), [Cd(bbi)0.5(bbi)0.5(4-Br-ip)]n (2), {[Cd(btx)0.5(4-Br-ip)(H2O)]·0.5CH3OH·H2O}n (3) and {[Cd(bbt)0.5(4-Br-ip)(H2O)]·3·5H2O}n (4). These compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra, single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. They displayed diverse structures depending on the configuration of the 4-connected metal node, the coordination mode of the 4-Br-H2ip, the coordination ability and conformationally flexibility of the N-donor auxiliary. Compound 1 exhibits 3-fold interpenetrated 66 topology and compound 2 has a 412 topology. Compounds 3-4 have similar 3D pillar-layered structures based on 3,4-connected binodal net with the Schläfli symbol of (4·38). The thermal stabilities and photoluminescence properties of them were discussed in detail.

  5. Programming of donor T cells using allogeneic δ-like ligand 4-positive dendritic cells to reduce GVHD in mice.

    PubMed

    Mochizuki, Kazuhiro; Meng, Lijun; Mochizuki, Izumi; Tong, Qing; He, Shan; Liu, Yongnian; Purushe, Janaki; Fung, Henry; Zaidi, M Raza; Zhang, Yanyun; Reshef, Ran; Blazar, Bruce R; Yagita, Hideo; Mineishi, Shin; Zhang, Yi

    2016-06-23

    Alloreactive T cells play a critical role in eliminating hematopoietic malignant cells but are also the mediators of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a major complication that subverts the success of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, induction of alloreactive T cells does not necessarily lead to GVHD. Here we report the development of a cellular programming approach to render alloreactive T cells incapable of causing severe GVHD in both major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-mismatched and MHC-identical but minor histocompatibility antigen-mismatched mouse models. We established a novel platform that produced δ-like ligand 4-positive dendritic cells (Dll4(hi)DCs) from murine bone marrow using Flt3 ligand and Toll-like receptor agonists. Upon allogeneic Dll4(hi)DC stimulation, CD4(+) naïve T cells underwent effector differentiation and produced high levels of interferon γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-17 in vitro, depending on Dll4 activation of Notch signaling. Following transfer, allogeneic Dll4(hi)DC-induced T cells were unable to mediate severe GVHD but preserved antileukemic activity, significantly improving the survival of leukemic mice undergoing allogeneic HSCT. This effect of Dll4(hi)DC-induced T cells was associated with their impaired expansion in GVHD target tissues. IFN-γ was important for Dll4(hi)DC programming to reduce GVHD toxicities of alloreactive T cells. Absence of T-cell IFN-γ led to improved survival and expansion of Dll4(hi)DC-induced CD4(+) T cells in transplant recipients and caused lethal GVHD. Our findings demonstrate that Dll4(hi)DC programming can overcome GVHD toxicity of donor T cells and produce leukemia-reactive T cells for effective immunotherapy.

  6. Electronic and Spatial Structures of Water-Soluble Dinitrosyl Iron Complexes with Thiol-Containing Ligands Underlying Their Ability to Act as Nitric Oxide and Nitrosonium Ion Donors

    PubMed Central

    Vanin, Anatoly F.; Burbaev, Dosymzhan Sh.

    2011-01-01

    The ability of mononuclear dinitrosyl iron commplexes (M-DNICs) with thiolate ligands to act as NO donors and to trigger S-nitrosation of thiols can be explain only in the paradigm of the model of the [Fe+(NO+)2] core ({Fe(NO)2}7 according to the Enemark-Feltham classification). Similarly, the {(RS−)2Fe+(NO+)2}+ structure describing the distribution of unpaired electron density in M-DNIC corresponds to the low-spin (S = 1/2) state with a d7 electron configuration of the iron atom and predominant localization of the unpaired electron on MO(dz2) and the square planar structure of M-DNIC. On the other side, the formation of molecular orbitals of M-DNIC including orbitals of the iron atom, thiolate and nitrosyl ligands results in a transfer of electron density from sulfur atoms to the iron atom and nitrosyl ligands. Under these conditions, the positive charge on the nitrosyl ligands diminishes appreciably, the interaction of the ligands with hydroxyl ions or with thiols slows down and the hydrolysis of nitrosyl ligands and the S-nitrosating effect of the latter are not manifested. Most probably, the S-nitrosating effect of nitrosyl ligands is a result of weak binding of thiolate ligands to the iron atom under conditions favoring destabilization of M-DNIC. PMID:22505886

  7. Behavior of the potential antitumor V(IV)O complexes formed by flavonoid ligands. 1. Coordination modes and geometry in solution and at the physiological pH.

    PubMed

    Sanna, Daniele; Ugone, Valeria; Lubinu, Giuseppe; Micera, Giovanni; Garribba, Eugenio

    2014-11-01

    The coordination modes and geometry assumed in solution by the potent antitumor oxidovanadium(IV) complexes formed by different flavonoids were studied by spectroscopic (Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, EPR) and computational (Density Functional Theory, DFT) methods. A series of bidentate flavonoid ligands (L) with increasing structural complexity was examined, which can involve (CO, O(-)) donors and formation of five- and six-membered chelate rings, or (O(-), O(-)) donors and five-membered chelate rings. The geometry corresponding to these coordination modes can be penta-coordinated, [VOL2], or cis-octahedral, cis-[VOL2(H2O)]. The results show that, at physiological pH, ligands provided with (CO, O(-)) donor set yield cis-octahedral species with "maltol-like" coordination when five-membered chelate rings are formed (as with 3-hydroxyflavone), while penta-coordinated structures with "acetylacetone-like" coordination are preferred when the chelate rings are six-membered (as with chrysin). When both the binding modes are possible, as with morin, the "acetylacetone-like" coordination is observed. For the ligands containing a catecholic donor set, such as 7,8-dihydroxyflavone, baicalein, fisetin, quercetin and rutin, the formation of square pyramidal complexes with (O(-), O(-)) "catechol-like" coordination and five-membered chelate rings is preferred at physiological pH. The determination of the different coordination modes and geometry is important to define the biotransformation in the blood and the interaction of these complexes with the biological membranes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Extraction of metals using supercritical fluid and chelate forming ligand

    DOEpatents

    Wai, C.M.; Laintz, K.E.

    1998-03-24

    A method of extracting metalloid and metal species from a solid or liquid material by exposing the material to a supercritical fluid solvent containing a chelating agent is described. The chelating agent forms chelates that are soluble in the supercritical fluid to allow removal of the species from the material. In preferred embodiments, the extraction solvent is supercritical carbon dioxide and the chelating agent is a fluorinated {beta}-diketone. In especially preferred embodiments the extraction solvent is supercritical carbon dioxide, and the chelating agent comprises a fluorinated {beta}-diketone and a trialkyl phosphate, or a fluorinated {beta}-diketone and a trialkylphosphine oxide. Although a trialkyl phosphate can extract lanthanides and actinides from acidic solutions, a binary mixture comprising a fluorinated {beta}-diketone and a trialkyl phosphate or a trialkylphosphine oxide tends to enhance the extraction efficiencies for actinides and lanthanides. The method provides an environmentally benign process for removing contaminants from industrial waste without using acids or biologically harmful solvents. The method is particularly useful for extracting actinides and lanthanides from acidic solutions. The chelate and supercritical fluid can be regenerated, and the contaminant species recovered, to provide an economic, efficient process. 7 figs.

  9. DNA binding, anti-inflammatory and analgesic evaluation of metal complexes of N/S/O donor ligands; Synthesis, spectral characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar Naik, K. H.; Ashok, B.; Naik, Nagaraja; Mulla, Jameel Ahmed S.; Prakasha, Avinash

    2015-04-01

    Transition metal complexes containing tri-dentate NSN donor ligands i.e., 5-((1(aminomethyl)cyclohexyl)methyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amine (AMTA) (2) and 5-(2-aminophenyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amine (ATA) (4i-ii) have been synthesized. The newly synthesized ligands and their respective complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance measurement and various spectral studies [infrared (IR), electronic, and NMR (for ligands only)]. Metal complexes are like [M(AMTA)2], [M(ATA)2] type, where M = Mn(II), Co(II) and Cu(II). The proposed geometries of the complexes are octahedral in nature. The synthesized ligands and their complexes were exhibits effective anti-inflammatory, analgesic and DNA binding activities. All the tested compounds exhibited significant analgesic activity, whereas the compound 4i, 4(ia) and 4(iib) is equipotent with Diclofenac sodium.

  10. Mononuclear ruthenium compounds bearing N-donor and N-heterocyclic carbene ligands: structure and oxidative catalysis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Hai-Jie; Gil-Sepulcre, Marcos; Francàs, Laia; Nolis, Pau; Parella, Teodor; Benet-Buchholz, Jordi; Fontrodona, Xavier; García-Antón, Jordi; Romero, Nuria; Llobet, Antoni; Escriche, Lluís; Bofill, Roger; Sala, Xavier

    2017-02-28

    A new CNNC carbene-phthalazine tetradentate ligand has been synthesised, which in the reaction with [Ru(T)Cl3] (T = trpy, tpm, bpea; trpy = 2,2';6',2''-terpyridine; tpm = tris(pyrazol-1-yl)methane; bpea = N,N-bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)ethanamine) in MeOH or iPrOH undergoes a C-N bond scission due to the nucleophilic attack of a solvent molecule, with the subsequent formation of the mononuclear complexes cis-[Ru(PhthaPz-OR)(trpy)X](n+), [Ru(PhthaPz-OMe)(tpm)X](n+) and trans,fac-[Ru(PhthaPz-OMe)(bpea)X](n+) (X = Cl, n = 1; X = H2O, n = 2; PhthaPz-OR = 1-(4-alkoxyphthalazin-1-yl)-3-methyl-1H-imidazol-3-ium), named 1a(+)/2a(2+) (R = Me), 1b(+)/2b(2+) (R = iPr), 3(+)/4(2+) and 5(+)/6(2+), respectively. Interestingly, regulation of the stability regions of different Ru oxidation states is obtained by different ligand combinations, going from 6(2+), where Ru(iii) is clearly stable and mono-electronic transfers are favoured, to 2a(2+)/2b(2+), where Ru(iii) is almost unstable with regard to its disproportionation. The catalytic performance of the Ru-OH2 complexes in chemical water oxidation at pH 1.0 points to poor stability (ligand oxidation), with subsequent evolution of CO2 together with O2, especially for 4(2+) and 6(2+). In electrochemically driven water oxidation, the highest TOF values are obtained for 2a(2+) at pH 1.0. In alkene epoxidation, complexes favouring bi-electronic transfer processes show better performances and selectivities than those favouring mono-electronic transfers, while alkenes containing electron-donor groups show better performances than those bearing electron-withdrawing groups. Finally, when cis-β-methylstyrene is employed as the substrate, no cis/trans isomerization takes place, thus indicating the existence of a stereospecific process.

  11. Design and synthesis of a dinucleating ligand system with varying terminal donor functions that provides no bridging donor and its application to the synthesis of a series of Fe(III)-μ-O-Fe(III) complexes.

    PubMed

    Strautmann, Julia Bernhardette Hildegard; Dammers, Susanne; Limpke, Thomas; Parthier, Janine; Zimmermann, Thomas Philipp; Walleck, Stephan; Heinze-Brückner, Gabriele; Stammler, Anja; Bögge, Hartmut; Glaser, Thorsten

    2016-02-28

    Based on a rational ligand design for stabilizing high-valent {Fe(μ-O)2Fe} cores, a new family of dinucleating bis(tetradentate) ligands with varying terminal donor functions has been developed: redox-inert biomimetic carboxylates in H4julia, pyridines in susan, and phenolates in H4hilde(Me2). Based on a retrosynthetic analysis, the ligands were synthesized and used for the preparation of their diferric complexes [(julia){Fe(OH2)(μ-O)Fe(OH2)}]·6H2O, [(julia){Fe(OH2)(μ-O)Fe(OH2)}]·7H2O, [(julia){Fe(DMSO)(μ-O)Fe(DMSO)}]·3DMSO, [(hilde(Me2)){Fe(μ-O)Fe}]·CH2Cl2, [(hilde(Me2)){FeCl}2]·2CH2Cl2, [(susan){FeCl(μ-O)FeCl}]Cl2·2H2O, [(susan){FeCl(μ-O)FeCl0.75(OCH3)0.25}](ClO4)2·0.5MeOH, and [(susan){FeCl(μ-O)FeCl}](ClO4)2·0.5EtOH, which were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, FTIR, UV-Vis-NIR, Mössbauer, magnetic, and electrochemical measurements. The strongly electron-donating phenolates afford five-coordination, while the carboxylates and pyridines lead to six-coordination. The analysis of the ligand conformations demonstrates a strong flexibility of the ligand backbone in the complexes. The different hydrogen-bonding in the secondary coordination sphere of [(julia){Fe(OH2)(μ-O)Fe(OH2)}] influences the C-O, C[double bond, length as m-dash]O, and Fe-O bond lengths and is reflected in the FTIR spectra. The physical properties of the central {Fe(μ-O)Fe} core (d-d, μ-oxo → Fe(III) CT, νas(Fe-O-Fe), J) are governed by the differences in terminal ligands - Fe(III) bonds: strongly covalent π-donation with phenolates, less covalent π-donation with carboxylates, and π-acceptation with pyridines. Thus, [(susan){FeCl(μ-O)FeCl}](2+) is oxidized at 1.48 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc, which is shifted to 1.14 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc by methanolate substitution, while [(julia){Fe(OH2)(μ-O)Fe(OH2)}] is oxidized ≤1 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc. [(hilde(Me2)){Fe(μ-O)Fe}] is oxidized at 0.36 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc to a phenoxyl radical. The catalytic oxidation of cyclohexane with TONs up to

  12. Luminescent zinc terephthalate coordination polymers with pyridylnicotinamide ligands: Effect of added base and nitrogen donor disposition on topology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldsworthy, Jessica S.; Staples, Richard J.; LaDuca, Robert L.

    2014-03-01

    Hydrothermal reaction of zinc nitrate, potassium terephthalate (K2tere), and 3-pyridylnicotinamide (3-pna) or 4-pyridylnicotinamide (4-pna) afforded coordination polymers with different dimensionality depending on nitrogen donor disposition and the initial pH of the reaction mixture. {[Zn(tere)(3-pna)2(H2O)2]ṡ2H2O}n (1) was prepared in the presence of aqueous NaOH, and manifests 1-D coordination polymer chains with monodentate 3-pna ligands. A mixture of {[Zn(tere)(3-pna)]ṡ3H2O}n (2) and {[Zn4(tere)3(OH)2(3-pna)2]ṡ2H2O}n (3) was prepared by performing a similar reaction in the absence of extra base. Compound 2 shows a 2-D (6,3) hexagonal grid topology with very tight interdigitation, while 3 has a 2-fold interpenetrated 3-D pcu network built from {Zn4(OCO)2(OH)2} centrosymmetric tetrameric nodes. {[Zn(tere)(4-pna)]ṡH2O}n (4) has parallel 2-fold interpenetrated sawtooth layer motifs. Luminescent and thermal decomposition properties are also discussed.

  13. Structural Elements of Shallow Thermal Donors Formed in Nitrogen-Gas-Doped Silicon Crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hara, Akito

    2007-02-01

    It has been reported that shallow thermal donors (STDs) are formed in oxygen-rich silicon (Si) crystals preannealed in nitrogen gas (N-gas-doped) and also in hydrogen-doped (H-doped) oxygen-rich Si crystals. The STDs formed in these crystals exhibit very similar electronic structures. Experiments using far-infrared optical absorption showed that several hydrogen-like STDs were formed at the same time and their energy levels in both the above-mentioned crystals were very similar. It has also been reported that the g-values of the STDs formed in both the crystals were identical. On the basis of electron-nucleus double resonance results, it has been strongly suggested that a hydrogen impurity is incorporated as a structural element of the STDs formed in the H-doped Si crystals. However, the origin of the STDs that are formed in N-gas-doped Si crystals is still unclear. To clarify this point, hydrogen detection in N-gas-doped Si was conducted and the annealing behaviors of STDs in N-gas-doped Si and H-doped Si were compared by electron spin resonance and far-infrared optical absorption measurement. It was concluded that the origin of the STDs formed in N-gas-doped Si crystals is not related to the hydrogen impurity.

  14. Comparison of two tetrapodal N,O ligands: impact of the softness of the heterocyclic N-donors pyridine and pyrazine on the selectivity for Am(III) over Eu(III).

    PubMed

    Heitzmann, Marie; Bravard, Florence; Gateau, Christelle; Boubals, Nathalie; Berthon, Claude; Pécaut, Jacques; Charbonnel, Marie-Christine; Delangle, Pascale

    2009-01-05

    To quantify the impact of the N-donor softness on the coordination of f elements in aqueous solution, and in particular on the selectivity for Am(III) over Eu(III), we have designed the two tetrapodal hexadentate ligands N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine-N',N'-diacetic acid (Lpy) and N,N-bis(2-pyrazylmethyl)ethylenediamine-N',N'-diacetic acid (Lpz). These ligands bear two hard acetate groups to provide stability to the An(III) and Ln(III) complexes and two N-heterocyclic soft groups to provide Am(III) versus Eu(III) selectivity. They only differ in their N-donor moieties, pyridine or pyrazine. The proton NMR and potentiometric analyses performed on the lanthanide complexes of the two ligands indicate that a unique metallic complex, LnL, is formed and that LnLpy+ and LnLpz+ have the same structure in water. Furthermore, the hydration numbers of the europium and terbium ions in these complexes, measured by luminescence decay, have the same value (q = 3), indicating that the two ligands act as hexadentate donors in both systems. As expected, the softer pyrazine-based ligand gives less stable complexes than the pyridine-based ligand with the hard Ln(III) cations. The fragment N(CH2pz)2 containing two pyrazine functions has a very low contribution to the stability of the lanthanide complexes, even though the pyrazine groups are coordinated to the cation in water. The stabilities of the americium(III) complexes were determined by potentiometry and are greater than those found for the isoelectronic europium complexes. The selectivity for Am(III) over Eu(III) increases from 60 to 500 when the pyridine-containing fragment N(CH2py)2 is substituted by the pyrazine-containing fragment N(CH2pz)2, which demonstrates that the selectivity for Am(III) over Eu(III) is significantly enhanced when the softness of the N-heterocycle increases from pyridine to pyrazine. These new hydrophilic ligands present attractive selectivities for Am(III) over Eu(III) that could make them good

  15. Form effect on the Diamagnetic Susceptibility of a magneto-donor in Quantum Dot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janati Edrissi, S.; M’Zred, S.; Chrafih, Y.; Rahmani, K.; Zorkani, I.; Mmadi, A.; Jorio, A.

    2017-03-01

    The diamagnetic susceptibility of a shallow donor confined to move in Quantum Dots ‘QD’ in the presence of a magnetic field is theoretically investigated. The numerical calculations are performed in the effective mass approximation, using a variational method. We describe the effect of the quantum confinement by an infinite deep potential. The form effect is studied for the Spherical Quantum Dot ‘SQD’ and Cylindrical Quantum Dot ‘CQD’. The results for these two forms of structures show that the diamagnetic susceptibility and the binding energy increase with the magnetic field. There are more pronounced for larger dot. We remark that for a zero magnetic field, the binding energy and the diamagnetic susceptibility are decreasing functions of the quantum dot radius.

  16. Bis-lactam-1,10-phenanthroline (BLPhen), a New Type of Preorganized Mixed N,O-Donor Ligand That Separates Am(III) over Eu(III) with Exceptionally High Efficiency

    DOE PAGES

    Jansone-Popova, Santa; Ivanov, Alexander S.; Bryantsev, Vyacheslav S.; ...

    2017-05-04

    Here, we report a new family of preorganized bislactam- 1,10-phenanthroline (BLPhen) complexants that possess both hard and soft donor atoms within a convergent cavity and show unprecedented extraction strength for the trivalent fblock metal ions. BLPhen ligands with saturated and unsaturated δ-lactam rings have notable differences in their affinity and selectivity for Am(III) over Eu(III), with the latter being the most selective mixed N,O-donor extractant of Am(III) reported to date. Saturated BLPhen was crystallized with five Ln(III) nitrates to form charge-neutral 1:1 complexes in the solid state. DFT calculations further elaborate on the variety of effects that dictate the performancemore » of these preorganized compounds.« less

  17. Development of a dipodal Schiff base ligand with N-imine and O-naphtholate donors: A potential chelator towards Cu(II) metal ion established through potentiometric and spectrophotometric studies

    SciTech Connect

    Baral, Minati Gupta, Amit; Kanungo, B. K.

    2015-08-28

    A novel hydroxynaphthaldehyde derived Schiff base ligand N,N’-bis-[2-[(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)methyleneamino]ethyl]propanediamide (DOTA2HNAP) containing nitrogen and oxygen donor atoms has been developed. The lowest energy molecular structure of DOTA2HNAP and its complexes with Cu (II) metal ion were examined by molecular mechanics using MM+ force which later was re-optimized by semi-empirical method. The theoretical IR and UV spectra of the ligand were obtained using semi empirical/ZINDO/PM3 and were compared with the experimental ones. The coordinating ability of DOTA2HNAP with H{sup +} and Cu(II) ions was investigated in 1:99 (DMSO: water) binary solvent mixture at 25±1°C by potentiometric and spectrophotometric method. The electronic spectra of the ligand show three distinct peaks (253nm, 320nm and 360nm) implicating existence of the Schiff base in quinone form that was well supported by theoretical spectral studies. Out of various complex species forming in solution, all the metal ions show higher stability of complexes when in 1:1 metal-ligand stoichiometry, binding through two N-imine and two O-naphtholate groups.

  18. Development of a dipodal Schiff base ligand with N-imine and O-naphtholate donors: A potential chelator towards Cu(II) metal ion established through potentiometric and spectrophotometric studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baral, Minati; Gupta, Amit; Kanungo, B. K.

    2015-08-01

    A novel hydroxynaphthaldehyde derived Schiff base ligand N,N'-bis-[2-[(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)methyleneamino]ethyl]propanediamide (DOTA2HNAP) containing nitrogen and oxygen donor atoms has been developed. The lowest energy molecular structure of DOTA2HNAP and its complexes with Cu (II) metal ion were examined by molecular mechanics using MM+ force which later was re-optimized by semi-empirical method. The theoretical IR and UV spectra of the ligand were obtained using semi empirical/ZINDO/PM3 and were compared with the experimental ones. The coordinating ability of DOTA2HNAP with H+ and Cu(II) ions was investigated in 1:99 (DMSO: water) binary solvent mixture at 25±1°C by potentiometric and spectrophotometric method. The electronic spectra of the ligand show three distinct peaks (253nm, 320nm and 360nm) implicating existence of the Schiff base in quinone form that was well supported by theoretical spectral studies. Out of various complex species forming in solution, all the metal ions show higher stability of complexes when in 1:1 metal-ligand stoichiometry, binding through two N-imine and two O-naphtholate groups.

  19. Quantitative Analysis of STD-NMR Spectra of Reversibly Forming Ligand-Receptor Complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krishna, N. Rama; Jayalakshmi, V.

    We describe our work on the quantitative analysis of STD-NMR spectra of reversibly forming ligand-receptor complexes. This analysis is based on the theory of complete relaxation and conformational exchange matrix analysis of saturation transfer (CORCEMA-ST) effects. As part of this work, we have developed two separate versions of the CORCEMA-ST program. The first version predicts the expected STD intensities for a given model of a ligand-protein complex, and compares them quantitatively with the experimental data. This version is very useful for rapidly determining if a model for a given ligand-protein complex is compatible with the STD-NMR data obtained in solution. It is also useful in determining the optimal experimental conditions for undertaking the STD-NMR measurements on a given complex by computer simulations. In the second version of the CORCEMA-ST program, we have implemented a torsion angle refinement feature for the bound ligand within the protein binding pocket. In this approach, the global minimum for the bound ligand conformation is obtained by a hybrid structure refinement protocol involving CORCEMA-ST calculation of intensities and simulated annealing refinement of torsion angles of the bound ligand using STD-NMR intensities as experimental constraints to minimize a pseudo-energy function. This procedure is useful in refining and improving the initial models based on crystallography, computer docking, or other procedures to generate models for the bound ligand within the protein binding pocket compatible with solution STD-NMR data. In this chapter we describe the properties of the STD-NMR spectra, including the dependence of the intensities on various parameters. We also describe the results of the CORCEMA-ST analyses of experimental STD-NMR data on some ligand-protein complexes to illustrate the quantitative analysis of the data using this method. This CORCEMA-ST program is likely to be useful in structure-based drug design efforts.

  20. Potential Toxicity of Up-Converting Nanoparticles Encapsulated with a Bilayer Formed by Ligand Attraction

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The cellular toxicity of nanoparticles that were capped with a bilayered ligand was studied using an up-converting (UC) phosphor material as a representative nanoparticle (NP). The results indicate that although UC NPs are known to be nontoxic, the toxicity of the NPs depends strongly on ligand coordination conditions, in addition to the other commonly known parameters such as size, structure, surface charge etc. Oleate-capped hydrophobic NaYF4:Yb,Er NPs were surface modified to yield three extreme conditions: bare particles that were stripped of the oleate ligands; particles with covalently bound poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) ligands; and particles with an bilayer of PEG-oleate ligands using the oleate surface group that was remained after synthesis. It was found that the bare particles and the covalent PEG NPs induced little toxicity. However, particles that were rendered biocompatible by forming a bilayer with an amphiphilic ligand (i.e., PEG-oleate) resulted in significant cell toxicity. These findings strongly suggest that the PEG-oleate group dissociated from the bilayered oleate-capped NPs, resulting in significant toxicity by exposing the hydrophobic oleate-capped NPs to the cell. Based on results with bare particles, the NaLnF4:Yb,Er (Ln = Y, Gd) up-converting phosphors are essentially less-toxic. Capping and functionalizing these particles with ligand intercalation may, however, not be a suitable method for rendering the NPs suitable for bioapplication as the ligand can potentially dissociate upon cellular interaction, leading to significant toxicity. PMID:24971524

  1. 3,4-Dimethyl diphenyldithiophosphate of mononuclear cobalt(II) with N-donor ligands: Synthesis, structural characterization, DFT and antibacterial studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Sandeep; Kour, Gurpreet; Schreckenbach, Georg; Andotra, Savit; Hundal, Geeta; Sharma, Vishal; Jaglan, Sundeep; Pandey, Sushil K.

    2017-08-01

    3,4-Dimethyl diphenyldithiophosphate of cobalt(II) with N-donor ligands [{(ArO)2PS2}2CoL2] [Ar = 3,4-(CH3)2C6H3 (1-3); L = C5H5N (1), 3,4-(CH3)2C5H3N (2) and 4-(C2H5)C5H4N (3)] have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy (IR), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and single crystal X-ray analysis. Complex 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/n whereas complexes 2 and 3 crystallize in the triclinic space group Pbar1. The crystal structures of complexes 1-3 reveal mononuclear units with the Co(II) center chelated in bidentate fashion by four S atoms of the two diphenyldithiophosphate ligands. The N atoms from two donor ligands are axially coordinated, leading to distorted octahedral geometry around Co(II). The complexes have been optimized using density functional theory (DFT), structural parameters have been calculated, and the energy gaps of the frontier orbitals (HOMO-LUMO) have been predicted. Mayer bond orders have also been calculated. Structural parameters from the crystallographic and DFT studies are in good agreement with each other. To explore the biological potential, complexes were evaluated for their antibacterial activity against three bacterial strains. The bacterial growth inhibition capacity of the ligand and complexes followed the order of 3 > 2 > 1 > L1.

  2. Affinity of An(VI) for N4-Tetradentate Donor Ligands: Complexation of the Actinyl(VI) Ions with N4-Tetradentate Ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Ogden, Mark; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Lumetta, Gregg J.; Nash, Kenneth L.

    2012-05-01

    In this report the affinity of four N4-tetradentate ligands that incorporate the 2- methylpyridyl functionality with hexavalent actinides (AnO2+2 ) has been investigated in methanol solution. The ligands studied include N,N*-bis(2-methylpyridyl)diaminoethane (BPMDAE), N,N-bis(2-methylpyridyl)-1,3-diaminopropane (BPMDAP), N,N*-bis(2-pyridylmethyl) piperazine (BPMPIP), and trans-N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane (BPMDAC). Conditional stability constants describing the strength of the interaction were determined by UV-visible spectrophotometry. The log10K101 values for both U(VI) and Pu(VI) are comparable and show the same trend of stability with ligand structure. Dinuclear complexes are also indicated as being important. The log10K201 values for Pu(VI) complexation with the N4-ligands are identical for the four ligands (within experimental error), indicating that the structure of the ligand backbone has little effect on the stability of the (PuO2)2L2+ complex. The exception to this trend is the behavior of N,N*- bis(2-pyridylmethyl)piperazine (BPMPIP) with Pu(VI). This ligand displays a tendency to reduce Pu(VI) within the experimental time frame of 45 minutes. BPMPIP is the only ligand tested that contains tertiary amines in the ligand backbone. The decomposition of BPMPIP by Pu(VI) suggests a susceptibility of tertiary amines to oxidative degradation.

  3. Characterization of the Proximal Ligand in the P420 Form of iNOS

    PubMed Central

    Sabat, Joseph; Stuehr, Dennis J.; Yeh, Syun-Ru; Rousseau, Denis L.

    2010-01-01

    The nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS) up-regulates the expression of heme oxygenase (HO), which in turn produces carbon monoxide (CO) that down-regulates iNOS activity by reducing its expression level or by inhibiting its activity by converting it to an inactive P420 form (iNOSP420). Accordingly, CO has been considered as a potentially important attenuator of inflammation. Despite its importance, the nature of the proximal heme ligand of the iNOSP420 species remains elusive. Here we show that the 221 cm−1 mode of the photoproduct of iNOSP420 does not exhibit any H2O-D2O solvent isotope shift such as that found in the iron-histidine stretching mode of myoglobin, indicating that the proximal ligand of iNOSP420 is not a histidine. The νFe-CO and νC-O data reveal that the proximal heme ligand of iNOSP420 is consistent with a protonated thiol, instead of a thiolate anion. Furthermore, the optical absorption properties of iNOSP420 are similar to those of a neutral thiol-heme model complex, but not myoglobin. Together the data support the scenario that iNOSP420 is inactivated by protonation of the native proximal thiolate ligand to a neutral thiol, instead of by ligand switching to a histidine, as prior studies have suggested. PMID:19658411

  4. Synthesis and coordination chemistry of two N2-donor chelating di(indazolyl)methane ligands: structural characterization and comparison of their metal chelation aptitudes.

    PubMed

    Pettinari, Claudio; Marinelli, Alessandro; Marchetti, Fabio; Ngoune, Jean; Galindo, Agustín; Álvarez, Eleuterio; Gómez, Margarita

    2010-11-15

    The N(2)-donor bidentate ligands di(1H-indazol-1-yl)methane (L(1)) and di(2H-indazol-2-yl)methane (L(2)) (L in general) have been synthesized, and their coordination behavior toward Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) salts has been studied. Reaction of L(1) and L(2) with ZnX(2) (X = Cl, Br, or I) yields [ZnX(2)L] species (1-6), that, in the solid state, show a tetrahedral structure with dihapto ligand coordination via the pyrazolyl arms. The reaction of L(1) and L(2) with Zn(NO(3))(2)·6H(2)O is strongly dependent on the reaction conditions and on the ligand employed. Reaction of L(1) with equimolar quantities of Zn(NO(3))(2)·6H(2)O yields the neutral six-coordinate species [Zn(NO(3))(2)(L(1))], 7. On the other hand the use of L(1) excess gives the 2:1 adduct [Zn(NO(3))(2)(L(1))(2)], 8 where both nitrates act as a unidentate coordinating ligand. Analogous stoichiometry is found in the compound obtained from the reaction of L(2) with Zn(NO(3))(2)·6H(2)O which gives the ionic [Zn(NO(3))(L(2))(2)](NO(3)), 10. Complete displacement of both nitrates from the zinc coordination sphere is observed when the reaction between L(1) excess and the zinc salt was carried out in hydrothermal conditions. The metal ion type is also determining structure and stoichiometry: the reaction of L(2) with CdCl(2) gave the 2:1 adduct [CdCl(2)(L(2))(2)] 11 where both chlorides complete the coordination sphere of the six-coordinate cadmium center; on the other hand from the reaction of L(1) with CdBr(2) the polynuclear [CdBr(2)(L(1))](n) 12 is obtained, the Br(-) anion acting as bridging ligands in a six-coordinate cadmium coordination environment. The reaction of L(1) and L(2) with HgX(2) (X = Cl, I, SCN) is also dependent on the reaction conditions and the nature of X, two different types of adducts being formed [HgX(L)] (14: L = L(1), 16, 17: L = L(1) or L(2), X = I, 19: L = L(2), X = SCN) and [HgX(L)(2)] (15: L = L(2), X = Cl, 18: L = L(1), X = SCN). The X-ray diffraction analyses of compounds 1

  5. Synthesis and characterization of fac-[M(CO)3(P)(OO)] and cis-trans-[M(CO)2(P)2(OO)] complexes (M = Re, (99m)Tc) with acetylacetone and curcumin as OO donor bidentate ligands.

    PubMed

    Triantis, Charalampos; Tsotakos, Theodoros; Tsoukalas, Charalampos; Sagnou, Marina; Raptopoulou, Catherine; Terzis, Aris; Psycharis, Vassilis; Pelecanou, Maria; Pirmettis, Ioannis; Papadopoulos, Minas

    2013-11-18

    The synthesis and characterization of neutral mixed ligand complexes fac-[M(CO)3(P)(OO)] and cis-trans-[M(CO)2(P)2(OO)] (M = Re, (99m)Tc), with deprotonated acetylacetone or curcumin as the OO donor bidentate ligands and a phosphine (triphenylphosphine or methyldiphenylphosphine) as the monodentate P ligand, is described. The complexes were synthesized through the corresponding fac-[M(CO)3(H2O)(OO)] (M = Re, (99m)Tc) intermediate aqua complex. In the presence of phosphine, replacement of the H2O molecule of the intermediate complex at room temperature generates the neutral tricarbonyl monophosphine fac-[Re(CO)3(P)(OO)] complex, while under reflux conditions further replacement of the trans to the phosphine carbonyl generates the new stable dicarbonyl bisphosphine complex cis-trans-[Re(CO)2(P)2(OO)]. The Re complexes were fully characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods, and X-ray crystallography showing a distorted octahedral geometry around Re. Both the monophosphine and the bisphosphine complexes of curcumin show selective binding to β-amyloid plaques of Alzheimer's disease. At the (99m)Tc tracer level, the same type of complexes, fac-[(99m)Tc(CO)3(P)(OO)] and cis-trans-[(99m)Tc(CO)2(P)2(OO)], are formed introducing new donor combinations for (99m)Tc(I). Overall, β-diketonate and phosphine constitute a versatile ligand combination for Re(I) and (99m)Tc(I), and the successful employment of the multipotent curcumin as β-diketone provides a solid example of the pharmacological potential of this system.

  6. Bonding Study on the Chemical Separation of Am(III) from Eu(III) by S-, N-, and O-Donor Ligands by Means of All-Electron ZORA-DFT Calculation.

    PubMed

    Kaneko, Masashi; Miyashita, Sunao; Nakashima, Satoru

    2015-07-20

    We performed a theoretical investigation for the selectivity of Eu(III)/Am(III) ions depending on the donor atoms by means of all-electron ZORA-DFT calculation. We estimated their selectivity as the relative stability in the complex formation reaction. The B2PLYP functional reproduced the experimental selectivity in which S- and N-donor ligands favor Am(III) ion, but O-donor ligand favors Eu(III) ion. Mulliken's bond overlap population analysis revealed that the contribution of the f orbital to the bonding was small or zero for Eu complex, whereas it was large for Am complex. The bonding nature of the f orbital for Am ion was the bonding type to S- and N-donor ligands, while it was the antibonding type to O-donor ligand. It was suggested that the difference in the bonding nature between the f orbital in the metal and the donor atoms determines the selectivity of Eu(III)/Am(III) by donor ligands.

  7. Recipient Myeloid-derived Immunomodulatory Cells Induce PD-1 Ligand-Dependent Donor CD4+Foxp3+ Treg Proliferation and Donor-Recipient Immune Tolerance After Murine Non-myeloablative Bone Marrow Transplantation§

    PubMed Central

    van der Merwe, Marie; Abdelsamed, Hossam A.; Seth, Aman; Ong, Taren; Vogel, Peter; Pillai, Asha B.

    2013-01-01

    We have previously shown that non-myeloablative total lymphoid irradiation/rabbit anti-thymocyte serum (TLI/ATS) conditioning facilitates potent donor-recipient immune tolerance following bone marrow transplantation (BMT) across major histocompatibility complex (MHC) barriers via recipient invariant natural killer T cell (iNKT cell)-derived IL-4-dependent expansion of donor Foxp3+ naturally occurring Treg (nTreg). Here we report a more specific mechanism. Wild-type (WT) BALB/c (H-2d) hosts were administered TLI/ATS and BMT from WT or STAT6−/− C57BL/6 (H-2b) donors. Donor nTreg following STAT6−/− BMT demonstrated no loss of proliferation in vivo, indicating that an IL-4 responsive population in the recipient rather than the donor drives donor nTreg proliferation. In GVHD target organs, three recipient CD11b+ cell subsets (Gr-1highCD11cneg; Gr-1intCD11cneg; and Gr-1lowCD11c+) were enriched early after TLI/ATS + BMT versus TBI/ATS + BMT. Gr-1lowCD11c+ cells induced potent H-2Kb+CD4+Foxp3+ nTreg proliferation in vitro in 72-hr MLR. Gr-1lowCD11c+ cells were significantly reduced in STAT6−/− and iNKT cell-deficient Jα18−/− BALB/c recipients after TLI/ATS + BMT. Depletion of CD11b+ cells resulted in severe acute GVHD, and adoptive transfer of WT Gr-1lowCD11c+ cells to Jα18−/− BALB/c recipients of TLI/ATS + BMT restored day 6 donor Foxp3+ nTreg proliferation and protection from CD8 effector T cell-mediated GVHD. Blockade of PD-L1 or PD-L2, but not CD40, TGF-β, Arginase 1, or iNOS inhibited nTreg proliferation in co-cultures of recipient-derived Gr-1lowCD11c+ cells with donor nTreg. Through iNKT-dependent Th2 polarization, myeloid-derived immunomodulatory DCs are expanded after non-myeloablative TLI/ATS conditioning and allogeneic BMT, induce PD-1 ligand dependent donor nTreg proliferation, and maintain potent graft-versus-host immune tolerance. PMID:24190658

  8. Hydrothermal syntheses, structures and characterizations of two luminescent cadmium(II) complexes with p-xylenediphosphonic acid and N-donor ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Sun Yanqiong; Hu Jin; Zhang Hanhui; Chen Yiping

    2012-02-15

    Two novel cadmium diphosphonates [Cd(cis-H{sub 4}BDPP)(2,2 Prime -bipy){sub 2}]{center_dot}(trans-H{sub 2}BDPP)]{sub n} (1) and [Cd(trans-H{sub 2}BDPP)(phen)]{sub n} (2) (H{sub 4}BDPP=p-xylenediphosphonic acid, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, 2,2 Prime -bipy=2,2 Prime -bipyridine) were hydrothermally synthesized from p-xylenediphosphonic acid and CdSO{sub 4}{center_dot}3H{sub 2}O with phen or 2,2 Prime -bipy as second ligand components and characterized by means of elemental analyses, IR, TG analysis, luminescence spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 consists of a novel one-dimensional (1D) sinusoidal [Cd(cis-H{sub 4}BDPP)(2,2 Prime -bipy){sub 2}] chains and trans-H{sub 2}BDPP anions. Compound 2 possesses a three-dimensional architecture built from double zigzag -Cd-O-P-O-Cd- chains pillared by trans-p-xylylenediphosphonate ligands from four different directions. There are hexagonal channels running along the c-axis and the coordinated phen ligands suspend in the hexagonal channels. The results indicate that p-xylenediphosphonic acid can adopt varied coordination modes and conformations in the formation of the complexes and the influence of the N-donor ligands on the structure of the complexes is discussed. - Graphical abstract: Two new cadmium diphosphonates were obtained by using two different auxiliary ligands. The influence of the N-donor ligands on the structure of the complexes is discussed. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The first example of cadmium(II)-p-xylenediphosphonates templated by second ligand. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The role of size of the auxiliary ligand on the structure of cadmium p-xylenediphosphonates. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The cis and trans configurations of p-xylenediphosphonates exist in the same crystal structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Three-dimensional 4-connected framework with PtS network topology.

  9. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, electrochemistry and biological evaluation of some binuclear transition metal complexes of bicompartmental ONO donor ligands containing benzo[b]thiophene moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahendra Raj, K.; Vivekanand, B.; Nagesh, G. Y.; Mruthyunjayaswamy, B. H. M.

    2014-02-01

    A series of new binucleating Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes of bicompartmental ligands with ONO donor were synthesized. The ligands were obtained by the condensation of 3-chloro-6-substituted benzo[b]thiophene-2-carbohydrazides and 4,6-diacetylresorcinol. The synthesized ligands and their complexes were characterized by elemental analysis and various spectroscopic techniques. Elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, ESI-mass, UV-Visible, TG-DTA, magnetic measurements, molar conductance and powder-XRD data has been used to elucidate their structures. The bonding sites are the oxygen atom of amide carbonyl, azomethine nitrogen and phenolic oxygen for ligands 1 and 2. The binuclear nature of the complexes was confirmed by ESR spectral data. TG-DTA studies for some complexes showed the presence of coordinated water molecules and the final product is the metal oxide. All the complexes were investigated for their electrochemical activity, only the Cu(II) complexes showed the redox property. Cu(II) complexes were square planar, whereas Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes were octahedral. Powder-XRD pattern have been studied in order to test the degree of crystallinity of the complexes and unit cell calculations were made. In order to evaluate the effect of antimicrobial activity of metal ions upon chelation, both the ligands and their metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The results showed that the metal complexes were found to be more active than free ligands. The DNA cleaving capacities of all the complexes were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis method against supercoiled plasmid DNA. Among the compounds tested for antioxidant capacity, ligand 1 displayed excellent activity than its metal complexes.

  10. Theoretically unraveling the separation of Am(iii)/Eu(iii): insights from mixed N,O-donor ligands with variations of central heterocyclic moieties.

    PubMed

    Wu, Qun-Yan; Song, Yu-Ting; Ji, Lin; Wang, Cong-Zhi; Chai, Zhi-Fang; Shi, Wei-Qun

    2017-09-28

    With the fast development of nuclear energy, the issue related to spent nuclear fuel reprocessing has been regarded as an imperative task, especially for the separation of minor actinides. In fact, it still remains a worldwide challenge to separate trivalent An(iii) from Ln(iii) because of their similar chemical properties. Therefore, understanding the origin of extractant selectivity for the separation of An(iii)/Ln(iii) by using theoretical methods is quite necessary. In this work, three ligands with similar structures but different bridging frameworks, Et-Tol-DAPhen (La), Et-Tol-BPyDA (Lb) and Et-Tol-PyDA (Lc), have been investigated and compared using relativistic density functional theory. The electrostatic potential and molecular orbitals of the ligands indicate that ligand La is a better electron donor compared to ligands Lb and Lc. The results of QTAIM, NOCV and NBO suggest that the Am-N bonds in the studied complexes have more covalent character compared to the Eu-N bonds. Based on the thermodynamic analysis, [M(NO3)(H2O)8](2+) + L + 2NO3(-) = [ML(NO3)3] + 8H2O should be the most probable reaction in the solvent extraction system. Our results clearly verify that the relatively harder oxygen atoms offer these ligands higher coordination affinities toward both of the An(iii) and Ln(iii) ions compared to the relatively softer nitrogen atoms. However, the latter possess stronger affinities toward An(iii) over Ln(iii), which partly results in the selectivity of these ligands. This work can afford useful information on achieving efficient An(iii)/Ln(iii) separation through tuning the structural rigidity and hardness or softness of the functional moieties of the ligands.

  11. Four homochiral coordination polymers contain N-acetyl-L-tyrosine and different N-donor ligand: Influence of metal cations, ancillary ligands and coordination modes

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Meng-Li; Song, Hui-Hua

    2013-10-15

    Using the chiral ligand N-acetyl-L-tyrosine (Hacty) and maintaining identical reaction conditions, Zn(II), Co(II), and Cd(II) salts provided four novel homochiral coordination polymers ([Zn(acty)(bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·NO{sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O){sub n}1, ([Co(acty)(bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·NO{sub 3}·2H{sub 2}O){sub n}2, ([Cd(acty){sub 2}(bipy)H{sub 2}O]·H{sub 2}O){sub n}3, and ([Cd(acty)(bpe){sub 2}(Ac)]·6H{sub 2}O){sub n}4 (bipy=4,4′-bipyridine; bpe=1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethane) in the presence of ancillary ligands. Compounds 1 and 2 are isostructural 1D chain structures. The neighboring chains are further linked into a 3D supramolecular structure via π⋯π stacking and hydrogen bond interactions. Compound 3 shows a 2D network and 4 generates 1D infinite chains along the c-axis. Compounds 3 and 4 are further connected into 3D supramolecular network by hydrogen bond interactions. More importantly, coordination in acyl oxygen atoms and ancillary ligands (bpe) as monodentate decorating ligands in 4 are rarely reported. Ancillary ligands and metal cations significantly influence the structure of the complexes. The photoluminescence properties of 1, 3, and 4 were studied at room temperature. Circular dichroism (CD) of the complexes have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Four new homochiral coordination polymers were prepared and structurally characterized, which investigate the influence of the ancillary ligands and metal ions on the design and synthesis of coordination polymers. Display Omitted - Highlights: • It is rarely reported that the chiral coordination polymers prepared with N-acetyl-L-tyrosine ligands. • The alkalescent acetyl oxygen atom is difficult to participate in coordination but it is happened in the N-acetyl-L-tyrosine ligands. • The ancillary ligands (4,4′-bipy and bpe) are present in an unusual coordination modes, monodentate decorating ligands in 1, 2 and 4. • Structure comparative analyses results indicate that the

  12. Complete recovery of actinides from UREX-like raffinates using a combination of hard and soft donor ligands. II. soft donor structure variation

    SciTech Connect

    Zalupski, Peter R.; Klaehn, John R.; Peterman, Dean R.

    2015-07-30

    The feasibility of simultaneous separation of uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium, and curium from a simulated dissolved used fuel simulant adjusted to 1.0 M nitric acid is investigated using a mixture of the soft donor bis(bis-3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenyl) dithiophosphinic acid (“0”) and the hard donor synergist trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) dissolved in toluene. The results reported in this work are compared to our recent demonstration of a complete actinide recovery from a simulated dissolved fuel solution using a synergistic combination of bis(o-trifluoromethylphenyl)dithiophosphinic acid (“1”) and TOPO dissolved in either toluene or trifluoromethylphenyl sulfone. While the extraction efficiency of americium was enhanced for the liquid-liquid system containing “0”, enabling to accomplish a trivalent An/Ln separation at 1.0 M HNO3, the extraction of neptunium was drastically diminished, relative to “1”. The partitioning behavior of curium was also negatively impacted, introducing an effective opportunity for americium/curium separation. Radiometric and spectrophotometric studies demonstrate that the complete actinide recovery using the solvent based upon “0” and TOPO is not feasible. Additionally, the importance of radiolytic degradation processes is discussed through the comparisons of extraction properties of liquid-liquid systems based on both soft donor reagents.

  13. Complete recovery of actinides from UREX-like raffinates using a combination of hard and soft donor ligands. II. soft donor structure variation

    DOE PAGES

    Zalupski, Peter R.; Klaehn, John R.; Peterman, Dean R.

    2015-07-30

    The feasibility of simultaneous separation of uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium, and curium from a simulated dissolved used fuel simulant adjusted to 1.0 M nitric acid is investigated using a mixture of the soft donor bis(bis-3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenyl) dithiophosphinic acid (“0”) and the hard donor synergist trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) dissolved in toluene. The results reported in this work are compared to our recent demonstration of a complete actinide recovery from a simulated dissolved fuel solution using a synergistic combination of bis(o-trifluoromethylphenyl)dithiophosphinic acid (“1”) and TOPO dissolved in either toluene or trifluoromethylphenyl sulfone. While the extraction efficiency of americium was enhanced for the liquid-liquidmore » system containing “0”, enabling to accomplish a trivalent An/Ln separation at 1.0 M HNO3, the extraction of neptunium was drastically diminished, relative to “1”. The partitioning behavior of curium was also negatively impacted, introducing an effective opportunity for americium/curium separation. Radiometric and spectrophotometric studies demonstrate that the complete actinide recovery using the solvent based upon “0” and TOPO is not feasible. Additionally, the importance of radiolytic degradation processes is discussed through the comparisons of extraction properties of liquid-liquid systems based on both soft donor reagents.« less

  14. A family of entangled coordination polymers constructed from a flexible V-shaped long bicarboxylic acid and auxiliary N-donor ligands: Luminescent sensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jun; Bai, Chao; Hu, Huai-Ming; Yuan, Fei; Xue, Gang-Lin

    2017-05-01

    Eight Zn(II)-based coordination polymers, namely, [Zn2L2(2,2'-bipy)]n·nH2O (1), [Zn2L2(phen)]n·nH2O (2), [ZnL(phen)(H2O)]n (3), [Zn3L3(4,4'-bipy)]n (4), [Zn2L2(4,4'-bipy)2]n [Zn2L2(H2O)2]n·2nH2O (5), [Zn4L4(bpp)2]n (6), [ZnL(bbi)0.5]n (7), [ZnL(bpz)]n (8) (H2L=4,4'-{[1,2-phenylenebis-(methylene)]bis(oxy)}dibenzoic acid, 2,2'-bipy =2,2'-bipyridine, phen =1,10-phenanthroline, 4,4'-bpy=4,4'-bipyridine, bpp =1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane, bbi=1,4-bis(imidazol-1-yl)butane, bpz=3,3‧,5,5‧-tetramethyl-4,4‧-bipyrazole), have been hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. 1-8 display various coordination motifs with different entangled forms and conformations due to the effect of the assistant N-donor ligands. The photoluminescent properties of compounds 1-8 in solid state were studied. Interestingly, 3 exhibits highly efficient luminescent sensing for Cu2+ cations and CrO42- anions, as well as detection ability for the different organic solvents and nitro explosives. These results indicated that it could be utilized as a multi-responsive luminescent sensor. Furthermore, compound 3 also shows good chemical resistance to both acidity and alkalinity solutions with pH ranging from 2 to 13. Thus, multi-photofunctionality and fluorescent response to pH have been combined in the 3, which is the first example in the Zn-based hybrid materials.

  15. Modulation of Intracellular Quantum Dot to Fluorescent Protein Förster Resonance Energy Transfer via Customized Ligands and Spatial Control of Donor-Acceptor Assembly.

    PubMed

    Field, Lauren D; Walper, Scott A; Susumu, Kimihiro; Oh, Eunkeu; Medintz, Igor L; Delehanty, James B

    2015-12-04

    Understanding how to controllably modulate the efficiency of energy transfer in Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based assemblies is critical to their implementation as sensing modalities. This is particularly true for sensing assemblies that are to be used as the basis for real time intracellular sensing of intracellular processes and events. We use a quantum dot (QD) donor -mCherry acceptor platform that is engineered to self-assemble in situ wherein the protein acceptor is expressed via transient transfection and the QD donor is microinjected into the cell. QD-protein assembly is driven by metal-affinity interactions where a terminal polyhistidine tag on the protein binds to the QD surface. Using this system, we show the ability to modulate the efficiency of the donor-acceptor energy transfer process by controllably altering either the ligand coating on the QD surface or the precise location where the QD-protein assembly process occurs. Intracellularly, a short, zwitterionic ligand mediates more efficient FRET relative to longer ligand species that are based on the solubilizing polymer, poly(ethylene glycol). We further show that a greater FRET efficiency is achieved when the QD-protein assembly occurs free in the cytosol compared to when the mCherry acceptor is expressed tethered to the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane. In the latter case, the lower FRET efficiency is likely attributable to a lower expression level of the mCherry acceptor at the membrane combined with steric hindrance. Our work points to some of the design considerations that one must be mindful of when developing FRET-based sensing schemes for use in intracellular sensing.

  16. Interaction of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) with dibenzo-substituted macrocyclic ligands incorporating both symmetrically and unsymmetrically arranged N, O and S donors.

    PubMed

    Vasilescu, I M; Baldwin, D S; Bourne, D J; Clegg, J K; Li, F; Lindoy, L F; Meehan, G V

    2011-09-14

    The synthesis and characterisation of four 17-membered, dibenzo-substituted macrocyclic ligands incorporating unsymmetrical arrangements of their N(3)S(2), N(3)O(2) and N(3)OS (two ligands) donor atoms are described; these rings complete the matrix of related macrocyclic systems incorporating both symmetric and unsymmetric donor sets reported previously. The X-ray structures of three of the new macrocycles are reported. In two of the Cu(II) structures only three of the possible five donor atoms present in the corresponding macrocyclic ligand bind to the Cu(II) site, whereas all five donors are coordinated in each of the remaining complexes. The interaction of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) with the unsymmetric macrocycle series has been investigated by potentiometric (pH) titration in 95% methanol; X-ray structures of two nickel and three copper complexes of these ligands, each exhibiting 1:1 (M:L) ratios, have been obtained. The results are discussed in the context of previous results for these metals with the analogous 17-membered ring systems incorporating symmetrical arrangements of their donor atoms, with emphasis being given to both the influence of the donor atom set, as well as the donor atom sequence, on the nature of the resulting complexes.

  17. Metal complexes of ONO donor Schiff base ligand as a new class of bioactive compounds; Synthesis, characterization and biological evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar Naik, K. H.; Selvaraj, S.; Naik, Nagaraja

    2014-10-01

    Present work reviews that, the synthesis of (E)-N";-((7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide [L] ligand and their metal complexes. The colored complexes were prepared of type [M2+L]X2, where M2+ = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Sr and Cd, L = (7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide, X = Cl-. Ligand derived from the condensation of 8-formyl-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin and benzohydrazide in the molar ratio 1:1 and in the molar ratio 1:2 for metal complexes have been prepared. The chelation of the ligand to metal ions occurs through the both oxygen groups, as well as the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine group of the ligand. Reactions of the Schiff base ligand with Manganese(II), Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), Copper(II), Strontium(II), and Cadmium(II) afforded the corresponding metal complexes. The structures of the obtained ligand and their respective metal complexes were elucidated by infra-red, elemental analysis, Double beam UV-visible spectra, conductometric measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements and also thermochemical studies. The metal complex exhibits octahedral coordination geometrical arrangement. Schiff base ligand and their metal complexes were tested against antioxidants, antidiabetic and antimicrobial activities have been studied. The Schiff base metal complexes emerges effective α-glucosidase inhibitory activity than free Schiff base ligand.

  18. Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexes with new N,O donor thiophene appended Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, electrochemistry, X-ray structure and DFT calculation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kundu, Subhankar; Pramanik, Ajoy Kumar; Mondal, Apurba Sau; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2016-07-01

    The thiophene appended Schiff's base ligand, 1-(2-(thiophen-2-yl)ethylimino)methyl)naphthalene-2-ol (HL) with N,O donor sites has been synthesized by the condensation between 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde and thiophene-2-ethylamine. The square planar 1:2 complexes of HL having general formula [M(L)2] (M = Ni(1) and Pd(2)) with nickel(II) and palladium(II) have been synthesized and characterized by several spectroscopic techniques. The geometry has been confirmed by single crystal X-ray study for complex 1. The electronic structure and spectral properties of the complexes are interpreted by DFT and TDDFT studies.

  19. Electron-Rich CpIr(biphenyl-2,2′-diyl) Complexes with π–Accepting Carbon Donor Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Graeupner, Jonathan; Brewster, Timothy P.; Blakemore, James D.; Schley, Nathan D.; Thomsen, Julianne M.; Brudvig, Gary W.; Hazari, Nilay; Crabtree, Robert H.

    2013-01-01

    Cp*IrIII and CpIrIII complexes have attracted interest as catalysts for oxidative transformations, and highly oxidizing iridium species are postulated as key intermediates in both catalytic water and C–H bond oxidation. Strongly electron-donating ligand sets have been shown to stabilize IrIV complexes. We describe the synthesis and reactivity of complexes containing the CpIr(biphenyl-2,2′-diyl) moiety stabilized by a series of strong donor carbon-based ligands. The oxidation chemistry of these complexes has been characterized electrochemically, and a singly oxidized IrIV species has been observed by X-band EPR for the complex CpIr(biph)(p-CNCH2SO2C6H4CH3). PMID:24474841

  20. 77 FR 18850 - Notice of Proposed Renewal of Information Collection: Donor Certification Form

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... ethical issues for the Department, its bureaus, or potential donors. The information will be gathered... is expected to be involved with determining whether there are marketing or advertisting. any...

  1. Synthesis and structural characterisation of Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes with a flexible, ferrocene-based P,S-donor amidophosphine ligand.

    PubMed

    Tauchman, Jiří; Císařová, Ivana; Stěpnička, Petr

    2014-01-28

    1'-Diphenylphosphino-1-{[(2-(methylthio)ethyl)amino]carbonyl}ferrocene (1), accessible via amidation of 1'-(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-1-carboxylic acid (Hdpf) with 2-(methylthio)ethylamine, reacts with [PdCl2(cod)] (cod = cycloocta-1,5-diene) at a 1 : 1 metal-to-ligand ratio to give trans-[PdCl2(1-κ(2)P,S)] (trans-2) as the sole product. A similar reaction with [PtCl2(cod)] affords a mixture of cis- and trans-[PtCl2(1-κ(2)P,S)] (cis- and trans-3), which can be separated by fractional crystallisation. Complexation reactions performed with 2 equiv. of the ligand are less selective, yielding mixtures of the expected bis-phosphine complexes (i.e., trans-[PdCl2(1-κP)2], or a mixture of cis- and trans-[PtCl2(-κP)2]) with the respective monophosphine complexes. The structures of 1, trans-2, cis-3 and trans-3 determined by X-ray diffraction demonstrate the ability of the title ligand to act as a flexible cis- or trans-P,S-chelate donor (the ligand bite angles are 174.03(2)/173.05(2)° for trans-2/3 and 92.86(2)° for cis-3).

  2. Fluorescence detection of cytosine/guanine transversion based on a hydrogen bond forming ligand.

    PubMed

    Nishizawa, Seiichi; Yoshimoto, Keitaro; Seino, Takehiro; Xu, Chun-Yan; Minagawa, Masakazu; Satake, Hiroyuki; Tong, Aijun; Teramae, Norio

    2004-05-10

    In combination with abasic site (AP site)-containing oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), we demonstrate potential use of a hydrogen bond forming ligand, 2-amino-7-methyl-1,8-naphthyridine (AMND), for the fluorescence detection of the cytosine (C)/guanine (G) mutation sequence of the cancer repression gene p53. Our method is based on construction of the AP site in ODN duplexes, which allows small synthetic ligands to bind to target nucleobases accompanied by fluorescence signaling: an AP site-containing ODN is hybridized with a target ODN so as to place the AP site toward a target nucleobase, by which hydrophobic microenvironments are provided for ligands to recognize target nucleobases through hydrogen-bonding. In 10mM sodium cacodylate buffer solutions (pH, 7.0) containing 100mM NaCl and 1.0mM EDTA, AMND is found to strongly bind to C (K(d)=1.5x10(-6)M) in the target ODN while the binding affinity for G is relatively moderate (K(d)=50x10(-6)M). Significant fluorescence quenching of AMND is observed only when binding to C, making it possible to judge the C/G transversion with the naked eye.

  3. Reactivity of tris(acetylacetonato) iron(III) with tridentate [ONO] donor Schiff base as an access to newer mixed-ligand iron(III) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhattacharjee, Chira R.; Goswami, Pankaj; Pramanik, Harun A. R.; Paul, Pradip C.; Mondal, Paritosh

    2011-05-01

    Two new mixed-ligand iron(III) complexes, [Fe(L n)(acac)(C 2H 5OH)] incorporating coordinated ethanol from the reaction solvent were accessed from the reaction of [Fe(acac) 3] with [ONO] donor dibasic tridentate unsymmetrical Schiff base ligands derived from condensation of 2-hydroxy-1-napthaldehyde with 2-aminophenol (H 2L 1) or 2-aminobenzoic acid (H 2L 2). The thermal study (TGA-DTA) provided evidence for weakly bound ethanol which is readily substituted by neutral N-donor molecule imidazole, benzimidazole or pyridine to produce an array of newer complexes, [Fe(L n)(acac)X] ( n = 1, 2; X = Im, Bim, Py). The compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR, UV-vis, solution electrical conductivity, FAB mass, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Room temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements ( μeff ˜ 5.8 B.M.) are consistent with spin-free octahedral iron(III) complexes. Cyclic voltammetry of ethanol complexes revealed a quasi-reversible one electron redox response (Δ Ep > 100 mV) for the Fe(III)/Fe(II) couple. Low half wave redox potential ( E1/2) values suggested easy redox susceptibility. The ground state geometries of the ethanol and imidazole complexes have been ascertained to be distorted octahedral by density functional theory using DMol3 program at BLYP/DNP level.

  4. Synthesis of mononuclear copper(II) complexes of N3O2 and N4O2 donors containing Schiff base ligands: Theoretical and biological observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mancha Madha, K.; Gurumoorthy, P.; Arul Antony, S.; Ramalakshmi, N.

    2017-09-01

    A new series of six mononuclear copper(II) complexes were synthesized from N3O2 and N4O2 donors containing Schiff base ligands, and characterized by various spectral methods. The geometry of the complexes was determined using UV-Vis, EPR and DFT calculations. The complexes of N3O2 donors (1-3) adopted square pyramidal geometry and the remaining complexes of N4O2 donors (4-6) show distorted octahedral geometry around copper(II) nuclei. Redox properties of the complexes show a one-electron irreversible reduction process in the cathodic potential (Epc) region from -0.74 to -0.98 V. The complexes show potent antioxidant activity against DPPH radicals. Molecular docking studies of complexes showed σ-π interaction, hydrogen bonding, electrostatic and van der Waals interactions with VEGFR2 kinase receptor. In vitro cytotoxicity of the complexes was tested against human breast cancer (MDA-MB-231) cell lines and one normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDF) cell line through MTT assay. The morphological assessment data obtained by Hoechst 33258 and AO/EB staining revealed that the complexes induce apoptosis pathway of cell death.

  5. Lanthanide dinuclear complexes constructed from mixed oxygen-donor ligands: the effect of substituent positions of the neutral ligand on the magnetic dynamics in Dy analogues.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Wen-Hua; Li, Shan; Gao, Chen; Xiong, Xia; Zhang, Yan; Liu, Li; Powell, Annie K; Gao, Song

    2016-03-21

    Two series of lanthanide dinuclear complexes with the general formulae, [Ln(n-PNO)(Bza)3(H2O)] {Bza = benzoic acid; n = 3, n-PNO = 3-picoline N-oxide, Dy(1) and Er(2); and n = 4, n-PNO = 4-picoline N-oxide, Nd(3), Eu(4), Gd(5), Tb(6), Dy(7), Er(8) and Y(9)} have been successfully synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments illustrate that the two series of compounds possess similar carboxylic ligand-bridged dinuclear structure and coordination geometry around the lanthanide ions despite the different methyl-substituent positions on the neutral ligand. Comparative studies of the Dy analogues in the static-field measurements reveal only a little difference with a small butterfly-shaped opening for complex 1 and a close hysteresis loop for 7 at 2.0 K. However, systematic investigations of the alternating-current (ac) measurements indicate that the different substituent positions of the picoline N-oxide ligand have a significant effect on the magnetic relaxation dynamics. A more substantial suppression of the quantum tunnelling of magnetization (QTM) effect and pronounced slow magnetic relaxation were observed in complex 7 as compared to 1 under both zero and a 1 kOe static field.

  6. Di-maltol-polyamine ligands to form heterotrinuclear metal complexes: solid state, aqueous solution and magnetic characterization.

    PubMed

    Benelli, Cristiano; Borgogelli, Elisa; Formica, Mauro; Fusi, Vieri; Giorgi, Luca; Macedi, Eleonora; Micheloni, Mauro; Paoli, Paola; Rossi, Patrizia

    2013-04-28

    The binding properties of the two ligands (L) N,N'-bis[(3-hydroxy-4-pyron-2-yl)methyl]-N,N'-dimethylethylendiamine (Malten) and 4,10-bis[(3-hydroxy-4-pyron-2-yl)methyl]-1,7-dimethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (Maltonis) towards M(II) transition metal ions (M(II) = Cu(II) for Malten and Co(II) for Maltonis, respectively), were investigated in aqueous solution. Each compound contains two 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone units (Maltol) symmetrically spaced by a different polyamine fragment. The formation of only mononuclear complexes was detected and the main species present in a wide range of pH is the neutral [M(II)(H-2L)] complex. This is able to stabilize one hard M(III) metal ion such as Gd(III) and Y(III), giving rise to the formation of new hetero-trinuclear complexes of M(II)-M(III)-M(II) sequence. The trinuclear species having the formula {M(III)[M(II)(H-2L)]2}(3+) (M(II) = Cu(II) and M(III) = Y(III) or Gd(III) for Malten and M(II) = Co(II) and M(III) = Gd(III) for Maltonis) are also formed in a wide range of pH, including pH = 7 and can be isolated in high yield as a perchlorate salt. The crystal structures of all the studied hetero-trinuclear species highlight that such systems are formed thanks to the synergy between the different stereochemical requirement of the transition metal (Cu(II) or Co(II)) and the different donor atoms set of the ligands which preorganize the maltol units for the binding of the hard M(III) metal, otherwise difficult to bind in water, through L/M(II)/M(III) self-assembling. The magnetic properties of the hetero-trinuclear spin systems were investigated; in the M(II)-Gd(III)-M(II) species, Gd(III) interacts with the two 3d ions of this class of compounds by similar coupling mechanism.

  7. Dinitrosyl iron complexes with thiol-containing ligands as a "working form" of endogenous nitric oxide.

    PubMed

    Vanin, Anatoly F

    2016-04-01

    The material presented herein is an overview of the results obtained by our research team during the many years' study of biological activities and occurrence of dinitrosyl iron complexes (DNIC) with thiol-containing ligands in human and animal organisms. With regard to their dose dependence and vast diversity of biological activities, DNIC are similar to the system of endogenous NO, one of the most universal regulators of biological processes. The role of biologically active components in DNIC is played by their iron-dinitrosyl fragments, [Fe(NO)2], endowed with the ability to generate neutral NO molecules and nitrosonium ions (NO(+)). Their release is effected by heme-and thiol-containing proteins, which fulfill the function of biological targets and acceptors of NO and NO(+). Beneficial regulatory effects of DNIC on physiological and metabolic processes are numerous and diverse and include, among other things, lowering of arterial pressure and accelerated healing of skin wounds. In the course of fast decomposition of their Fe(NO)2 fragments (e.g., in the presence of iron chelators), DNIC produce adverse (cytotoxic) effects, which can best be exemplified by their ability to suppress the development of experimental endometriosis in animals. In animal tissues, DNIC with thiol-containing ligands are predominantly represented by the binuclear form, which, contrary to mononuclear DNIC detectable by the 2.03 signal, is EPR-silent. The ample body of evidence on biological activities and occurrence of DNIC gained so far clearly demonstrates that in human and animal organisms DNIC with thiol-containing ligands represent a "working form" of the system of endogenous NO responsible for its accumulation and stabilization in animal tissues as well as its further transfer to its biological targets. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. High resolution structures of the bone morphogenetic protein type II receptor in two crystal forms: Implications for ligand binding

    SciTech Connect

    Mace, Peter D.; Cutfield, John F.; Cutfield, Sue M. . E-mail: sue.cutfield@otago.ac.nz

    2006-12-29

    BMPRII is a type II TGF-{beta} serine threonine kinase receptor which is integral to the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signalling pathway. It is known to bind BMP and growth differentiation factor (GDF) ligands, and has overlapping ligand specificity with the activin type II receptor, ActRII. In contrast to activin and TGF-{beta} type ligands, BMPs bind to type II receptors with lower affinity than type I receptors. Crystals of the BMPRII ectodomain were grown in two different forms, both of which diffracted to high resolution. The tetragonal form exhibited some disorder, whereas the entire polypeptide was seen in the orthorhombic form. The two structures retain the basic three-finger toxin fold of other TGF-{beta} receptor ectodomains, and share the main hydrophobic patch used by ActRII to bind various ligands. However, they present different conformations of the A-loop at the periphery of the proposed ligand-binding interface, in conjunction with rearrangement of a disulfide bridge within the loop. This particular disulfide (Cys94-Cys117) is only present in BMPRII and activin receptors, suggesting that it is important for their likely shared mode of binding. Evidence is presented that the two crystal forms represent ligand-bound and free conformations of BMPRII. Comparison with the solved structure of ActRII bound to BMP2 suggests that His87, unique amongst TGF-{beta} receptors, may play a key role in ligand recognition.

  9. Muffin-like lanthanide complexes with an N5O2-donor macrocyclic ligand showing field-induced single-molecule magnet behaviour.

    PubMed

    Antal, Peter; Drahoš, Bohuslav; Herchel, Radovan; Trávníček, Zdeněk

    2016-09-27

    Three mononuclear lanthanide complexes of a 2-pyridylmethyl pendant-armed 15-membered ligand {(3,12-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-3,12,18-triaza-6,9-dioxabicyclo-[12.3.1]octadeca-1,14,16-triene); L} with general formula [Ln(L)(H2O)(NO3)](NO3)2 (Ln = Tb (1), Dy (2), and Er (3)) are reported. Based on X-ray diffraction analysis of 1 and 2, the central lanthanide atoms are nine-coordinated with the N5O4 donor set originating from the ligand L and one coordinated water molecule and one monodentate-bonded nitrato ligand. The coordination geometry of the [LnN5O4] cores can be described as a muffin-like shape. Magnetic measurements revealed that all three compounds show field-induced single-molecule magnet behaviour, with estimated energy barriers U ≈ 44-82 K. The experimental study was complemented by CASSCF calculations showing a trend of an increasing first excited energy gap (Tb → Dy → Er) within the muffin-like geometry with the lowest magnetization tunnelling probability for the Dy(III) complex 2.

  10. Synthesis and characterisation of a novel mixed donor P,O,P' nixantphos ligand and its metal complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marimuthu, Thashree; Bala, Muhammad D.; Friedrich, Holger B.

    2016-02-01

    The complex [(NixC8OH)Ir(cod)Cl] 4 has been synthesized and structurally characterized by NMR, IR and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The synthesis and characterisation of the novel ligand NixC8OH is also presented. The coordination around Ir is trigonal bipyramidal with both P groups of the NixC8OH ligand bound in a bis-equatorial mode. The bis-chelating cod (C8H12) ligand occupies the remaining equatorial position and an axial position. This mode of bonding has resulted in a large bite angle (P1-Ir-P2) of 102.92(12)° for the title complex 4. The IR and NMR data further support the elucidated structure. Thermal analyses of 4 indicate that it is thermally stable up to a decomposition temperature of >400 °C.

  11. Structure of the fimbrial protein Mfa4 from Porphyromonas gingivalis in its precursor form: implications for a donor-strand complementation mechanism

    PubMed Central

    Kloppsteck, Patrik; Hall, Michael; Hasegawa, Yoshiaki; Persson, Karina

    2016-01-01

    Gingivitis and periodontitis are chronic inflammatory diseases that can lead to tooth loss. One of the causes of these diseases is the Gram-negative Porphyromonas gingivalis. This periodontal pathogen is dependent on two fimbriae, FimA and Mfa1, for binding to dental biofilm, salivary proteins, and host cells. These fimbriae are composed of five proteins each, but the fimbriae assembly mechanism and ligands are unknown. Here we reveal the crystal structure of the precursor form of Mfa4, one of the accessory proteins of the Mfa1 fimbria. Mfa4 consists of two β-sandwich domains and the first part of the structure forms two well-defined β-strands that run over both domains. This N-terminal region is cleaved by gingipains, a family of proteolytic enzymes that encompass arginine- and lysine-specific proteases. Cleavage of the N-terminal region generates the mature form of the protein. Our structural data allow us to propose that the new N-terminus of the mature protein may function as a donor strand in the polymerization of P. gingivalis fimbriae. PMID:26972441

  12. Phosphorylated Nuclear Receptor CAR Forms a Homodimer To Repress Its Constitutive Activity for Ligand Activation.

    PubMed

    Shizu, Ryota; Osabe, Makoto; Perera, Lalith; Moore, Rick; Sueyoshi, Tatsuya; Negishi, Masahiko

    2017-05-15

    The nuclear receptor CAR (NR1I3) regulates hepatic drug and energy metabolism as well as cell fate. Its activation can be a critical factor in drug-induced toxicity and the development of diseases, including diabetes and tumors. CAR inactivates its constitutive activity by phosphorylation at threonine 38. Utilizing receptor for protein kinase 1 (RACK1) as the regulatory subunit, protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) dephosphorylates threonine 38 to activate CAR. Here we demonstrate that CAR undergoes homodimer-monomer conversion to regulate this dephosphorylation. By coexpression of two differently tagged CAR proteins in Huh-7 cells, mouse primary hepatocytes, and mouse livers, coimmunoprecipitation and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed that CAR can form a homodimer in a configuration in which the PP2A/RACK1 binding site is buried within its dimer interface. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) was found to stimulate CAR homodimerization, thus constraining CAR in its inactive form. The agonistic ligand CITCO binds directly to the CAR homodimer and dissociates phosphorylated CAR into its monomers, exposing the PP2A/RACK1 binding site for dephosphorylation. Phenobarbital, which is not a CAR ligand, binds the EGF receptor, reversing the EGF signal to monomerize CAR for its indirect activation. Thus, the homodimer-monomer conversion is the underlying molecular mechanism that regulates CAR activation, by placing phosphorylated threonine 38 as the common target for both direct and indirect activation of CAR. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Microbiology.

  13. Inorganic-organic hybrid compounds based on octamolybdates and multidentate N-donor ligand: syntheses, structures, photoluminescence and photocatalysis.

    PubMed

    Kan, Wei-Qiu; Yang, Jin; Liu, Ying-Ying; Ma, Jian-Fang

    2012-08-28

    Six inorganic-organic hybrid compounds, namely, [Cu(2)(2,4'-tmbpt)(2)(β-Mo(8)O(26))(H(2)O)(2)]·7H(2)O (1), [Cu(2,4'-tmbpt)(γ-Mo(8)O(26))(0.5)(H(2)O)]·H(2)O (2), [Co(2,4'-Htmbpt)(2)(γ-Mo(8)O(26))(H(2)O)(2)] (3), [Zn(2,4'-Htmbpt)(2)(γ-Mo(8)O(26))(H(2)O)(2)] (4), [Ni(2,4'-tmbpt)(α-Mo(8)O(26))(0.5)(H(2)O)]·2.5H(2)O (5) and [Ag(2,4'-Htmbpt)(β-Mo(8)O(26))(0.5)] (6), have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions (2,4'-tmbpt = 1-((1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl)-3-(2-pyridyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole). The structures of compounds 1-6 have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses and characterized by infrared spectra (IR), elemental analyses, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analyses and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). Compound 1 shows a 3D (3,4)-connected framework constructed by the 2D Cu(II)-organic fragments and [β-Mo(8)O(26)](4-) anions. Compound 2 exhibits a 2D layer structure based on Cu(II)-organic chains and [γ-Mo(8)O(26)] chains. The layers are extended into a 3D supramolecular framework by hydrogen-bonding interactions. Compounds 3 and 4 are isostructural, and display 1D chain structures. The chains are further interlinked by hydrogen-bonding interactions to form 3D supramolecular architectures. Compound 5 shows a 3D framework based on the 2D Ni(II)-organic fragments and [α-Mo(8)O(26)](4-) anions. In compound 6, the 1D chains constructed by the Ag(I) ions, 2,4'-Htmbpt ligands and [β-Mo(8)O(26)](4-) anions are extended by hydrogen-bonding interactions into a 2D supramolecular layer. Each layer threads into the adjacent layers, yielding a 2D → 3D interdigitated structure. Moreover, the photoluminescent properties of 4 and 6, the optical band gaps of 1-6, and the photocatalytic properties of 1-6 have also been investigated.

  14. New mixed ligand zinc(II) complexes based on the antiepileptic drug sodium valproate and bioactive nitrogen-donor ligands. Synthesis, structure and biological properties.

    PubMed

    Darawsheh, Mohanad; Abu Ali, Hijazi; Abuhijleh, A Latif; Rappocciolo, Emilia; Akkawi, Mutaz; Jaber, Suhair; Maloul, Salam; Hussein, Yasmeen

    2014-07-23

    Starting from the precursor [Zinc Valproate complex] (1), new mixed ligand zinc(II) complexes of valproic acid and nitrogen-based ligands, formulating as, [Zn(valp)22,9-dmphen] (2), [Zn2(valp)4(quin)2] (3), [Zn(valp)2(2-ampy)2] (4), and [Zn(valp)2(2-ampic)2] (5) (valp = valproate, 2,9-dmphen = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline, quin = quinoline, 2-ampy = 2-aminopyridine, 2-ampic = 2-amino-6-picoline) were synthesized and characterized using IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C{(1)H} NMR and UV-Vis spectrometry. The crystal structures of complexes 2, 3 and 4 were determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The complexes were also evaluated for their anti-bacterial activity using in-vitro agar diffusion method against three Gram-positive (Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus subtilis) and three Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis) species. Complex 2 showed considerable activity against all tested microorganisms and the effect of complexation on the anti-bacterial activity of the parent ligand of 2 was also investigated. The anti-bacterial activity of 2,9-dmphen against Gram-negative bacteria was enhanced upon complexation with zinc valproate. On the other hand, complexes 1 and 3 showed weak inhibition activity against the tested species and complexes 4 and 5 didn't show any activity at all. Two methods were used for testing the inhibition of ferriprotoporphyrinIX bio-mineralization: a semi-quantitative micro-assay and a previously self-developed quantitative in-vitro method. Both were used to study the efficiency of these complexes in inhibiting the formation of the Malaria pigment which considered being the target of many known anti-malarial drugs such as Chloroquine and Amodiaquine. Results showed that the efficiency of complex 2 in preventing the formation of β-Hematin was 80%. The efficiency of Amodiaquine as a standard drug was reported to give 91%.

  15. Phosphoryl group as a strong σ-donor anionic phosphine-type ligand: a combined experimental and theoretical study on long-lived room temperature luminescence of the [Ru(tpy)(bpy)(Ph2PO)]+ complex.

    PubMed

    Lebon, Emilie; Sylvain, Rémy; Piau, Rémi E; Lanthony, Cloé; Pilmé, Julien; Sutra, Pierre; Boggio-Pasqua, Martial; Heully, Jean-Louis; Alary, Fabienne; Juris, Alberto; Igau, Alain

    2014-02-17

    A phosphoryl Ru(II) polypyridyl complex was prepared in a one-pot process. Theoretical analysis suggests that the phosphoryl ligand may be viewed as a strong σ-donor anionic phosphine L-type ligand. State-of-the-art free-energy profile calculations on the excited states demonstrate that both favorable thermodynamic and kinetic factors are responsible for the remarkable room temperature luminescence properties of the phosphoryl complex.

  16. Cytotoxic, antibacterial, DNA interaction and superoxide dismutase like activities of sparfloxacin drug based copper(II) complexes with nitrogen donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patel, Mohan N.; Joshi, Hardik N.; Patel, Chintan R.

    2013-03-01

    The novel neutral mononuclear copper(II) complexes with fluoroquinolone antibacterial drug, sparfloxacin and nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand have been synthesized and characterized. An antimicrobial efficiency of the complexes has been tested against five different microorganisms and showed diverse biological activity. The interaction of complex with Herring sperm (HS) DNA was investigated using viscosity titration and absorption titration techniques. The results indicate that the complexes bind to DNA by intercalative mode and have rather high DNA-binding constants. DNA cleavage study showed better cleaving ability of the complexes compare to metal salt and standard drug. All the complexes showed good cytotoxic activity with LC50 values ranging from 4.89 to 11.94 μg mL-1. Complexes also exhibit SOD-like activity with their IC50 values ranging from 0.717 to 1.848 μM.

  17. Cytotoxic, antibacterial, DNA interaction and superoxide dismutase like activities of sparfloxacin drug based copper(II) complexes with nitrogen donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Patel, Mohan N; Joshi, Hardik N; Patel, Chintan R

    2013-03-01

    The novel neutral mononuclear copper(II) complexes with fluoroquinolone antibacterial drug, sparfloxacin and nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand have been synthesized and characterized. An antimicrobial efficiency of the complexes has been tested against five different microorganisms and showed diverse biological activity. The interaction of complex with Herring sperm (HS) DNA was investigated using viscosity titration and absorption titration techniques. The results indicate that the complexes bind to DNA by intercalative mode and have rather high DNA-binding constants. DNA cleavage study showed better cleaving ability of the complexes compare to metal salt and standard drug. All the complexes showed good cytotoxic activity with LC(50) values ranging from 4.89 to 11.94 μg mL(-1). Complexes also exhibit SOD-like activity with their IC(50) values ranging from 0.717 to 1.848 μM.

  18. Palladium(II) complex with thiazole containing tridentate ONN donor ligand: Synthesis, X-ray structure and DFT computation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, Sujan; Pramanik, Ajoy Kumar; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2015-05-01

    New palladium(II) complex with 2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-methylphenol (TAC) having general formula [Pd(TAC)Cl) (1) has been synthesized and characterized. The complex has been characterized by various spectroscopic techniques. Single crystal X-ray structure shows distorted square planar geometry around palladium(II). Cyclic voltammetric studies shows ligand based irreversible oxidation and reduction peaks. The electronic structure, redox properties and electronic excitations in the complex are interpreted by DFT and TDDFT calculations.

  19. High-contrast fluorescence sensing of aqueous Cu(I) with triarylpyrazoline probes: dissecting the roles of ligand donor strength and excited state proton transfer.

    PubMed

    Morgan, M Thomas; Bagchi, Pritha; Fahrni, Christoph J

    2013-03-07

    Cu(I)-responsive fluorescent probes based on a photoinduced electron transfer (PET) mechanism generally show incomplete fluorescence recovery relative to the intrinsic quantum yield of the fluorescence reporter. Previous studies on probes with an N-aryl thiazacrown Cu(I)-receptor revealed that the recovery is compromised by incomplete Cu(I)-N coordination and resultant ternary complex formation with solvent molecules. Building upon a strategy that successfully increased the fluorescence contrast and quantum yield of Cu(I) probes in methanol, we integrated the arylamine PET donor into the backbone of a hydrophilic thiazacrown ligand with a sulfonated triarylpyrazoline as a water-soluble fluorescence reporter. This approach was not only expected to disfavor ternary complex formation in aqueous solution but also to maximize PET switching through a synergistic Cu(I)-induced conformational change. The resulting water-soluble probe 1 gave a strong 57-fold fluorescence enhancement upon saturation with Cu(I) with high selectivity over other cations, including Cu(II), Hg(II), and Cd(II); however, the recovery quantum yield did not improve over probes with the original N-aryl thiazacrown design. Concluding from detailed photophysical data, including responses to acidification, solvent isotope effects, quantum yields, and time-resolved fluorescence decay profiles, the fluorescence contrast of 1 is compromised by inadequate coordination of Cu(I) to the weakly basic arylamine nitrogen of the PET donor and by fluorescence quenching via two distinct excited state proton transfer pathways operating under neutral and acidic conditions.

  20. New mixed ligand cobalt(II/III) complexes based on the drug sodium valproate and bioactive nitrogen-donor ligands. Synthesis, structure and biological properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abu Ali, Hijazi; Abu Shamma, Amani; Kamel, Shayma

    2017-08-01

    New cobalt valproate complexes with different nitrogen based ligands were synthesized and characterized using various techniques such as IR, UV-Vis, single crystal X-ray diffraction as well as other physical properties. The general formula of the prepared complexes is [Con(valp)m(L)z], (n = 1, 2 …; m = 1, 2, …; Z = 1, 2 …). The complexes [Co2(valp)4] (1), [Co(valp)2(2-ampy)2] (2) and [Co2(valp)4(quin)2] (3) showed different carboxylate coordination modes. The crystal structures of the complexes 2 and 3 were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction. Kinetic studies of hydrolysis reactions of BNPP [bis-(p-nitrophenyl)phosphate] with complexes 2 and 3 were performed. The hydrolysis rate of BNPP was studied at different temperatures, pH and concentrations by UV-Vis spectrophotometric method. The results showed that the hydrolysis rate of BNPP was 7.70 × 102 L mol-1 s-1 for (3) and 2.60 × 10-1 L mol-1 s-1 for (2).

  1. Two new helical compounds based on Keggin clusters and N-donor multidentate ligand: Syntheses, structures and properties

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Shi; Liu, Bo; Li, Xiao-Min; Shi, Tian; Chen, Ya-Guang

    2014-11-15

    Two isostructural polyoxometalate-based inorganic–organic hybrids with 1D helical chain, [CuH{sub 3}L{sub 2}(GeMo{sub 12}O{sub 40})]·2H{sub 2}O (1) and [CuH{sub 3}L{sub 2}(SiMo{sub 12}O{sub 40})]·2H{sub 2}O (2), where L=2,4,5-tri(4-pyridyl)-imidazole have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. It is the first time to use the L ligand to synthesis the Keggin-type polyoxometalate-based inorganic–organic hybrids. The two compounds possess the left- and right-handed helical chains and the POMs as pendants attach in the helical chains through Cu–O bonds. The two compounds have been characterized by elemental analyses, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and photoluminescent spectroscopy. Moreover, nitrogen adsorption−desorption measurement, electrochemical and photocatalysis properties for degradation of methylene blue (MB) upon a UV irradiation of compound 1 have been examined. - Graphical abstract: Two new compounds, [CuH{sub 3}L{sub 2}(GeMo{sub 12}O{sub 40})]·2H{sub 2}O (1) and [CuH{sub 3}L{sub 2}(SiMo{sub 12}O{sub 40})]·2H{sub 2}O (2) have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. The two compounds possess the left- and right-handed helical chains. - Highlights: • The tridentate L ligand is first used to synthesis Keggin-type polyoxometalates. • The two compounds possess the left- and right-handed Cu–L helical chains. • Relationship between surface properties and photocatalytic activity was studied. • Two compounds exhibit photoluminescence of ligand-to-metal charge transfer.

  2. Photoluminescence, Dual-donor Energy Transfer and Single X-ray Crystallographic Studies of Eu3+ and Tb3+ complexes with pyridines and triazaphosphaadamantane oxide (TPAO) ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forcha, Derick Akaju

    Coordination of several chromophoric ligands capable of sensitizing Tb 3+ and Eu3+ ions have been studied. Four new complexes of Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions were achieved by coordinating Eu with 4', 4''''- (1-4 phenylene) bis (2, 2':6', 2-terpyridine) , pyridino [2-3-b] pyrazines and 6,6‧‧-dibromo-2,2‧:6‧,2‧‧-terpyridine.The crystal structure of [Tb(TPAO)2(H2O) 4(Au(CN)2)3], was determined and shows a polymeric three-dimensional coordination with a monoclinic space group Cc, Z=4. The unit cell parameters are a = 17.4266(14) A, b = 10.8224(10) A, c = 18.0270(16) A, α = 90° beta = 109.309(3)° gamma = 90°. The structure exhibits an equilateral Au-Au-Au interaction bridged to a terbium core by the C-N groups. Three other complexes, viz [Eu(ppz) 2(H2O)n]Cl3, [Eu(ptpy)(H2O) n]Cl3 and [Eu(bbterp)(H2O)n]Cl 3, have also been synthesized and characterized using IR and luminescence spectroscopy, although no crystal was obtained suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis. The ligand tetra(2'-pyridyl)pyrazine (tppz) was also crystallized and its crystal structure solved. The results herein, elaborate the mode of dual donor sensitization from ligand groups to the lanthanide ions. The efficiency of energy transfer that occurs in the Ln3+ complexes has been calculated, taking into account the radiative and non radiative relaxation processes, and the limitation encountered. A broad excitation spectrum at 369, 366 and 380 nm were observed for [Eu(ppz)2(H2O) n]Cl3, [Eu(bbterp)(H2O)n]Cl3 and [Eu(ptpy)(H2O)n]Cl3 complexes, respectively upon monitoring the Eu3+ emission indicating the presence of ET in a donor-acceptor type interaction.

  3. Construction of noninterpenetrating and interpenetrating Co(ii) networks with halogenated carboxylate modulated by auxiliary N-donor co-ligands: structural diversity, electrochemical and photocatalytic properties.

    PubMed

    Hao, Shao Yun; Hou, Suo Xia; Van Hecke, Kristof; Cui, Guang Hua

    2017-02-14

    Six Co(ii)-based coordination polymers (CPs) with characteristic frameworks and topologies-namely, [Co(L1)(DCTP)]n (1), [Co(L2)(DCTP)]n (2), [Co(L3)(DCTP)]n (3), {[Co3(L4)3(DCTP)3·H2O]·H2O}n (4), [Co(L5)1.5(DCTP)]n (5) and [Co(L6)(DCTP)]n (6)-were successfully hydrothermally synthesized by employing the halogenated linear ligand 2,5-dichloroterephthalic acid (H2DCTP). The interpenetrated structures could be rationally modulated by auxiliary N-donor co-ligands containing 1,1'-(1,4-butanediyl)bis-1H-benzimidazole (L1), 1,4-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazol-1-yl)-2-butylene (L2), 1,2-bis(2-methylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (L3), 1,4-bis(2-methylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (L4), 1,2-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (L5) and 1,4-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (L6). These diaphanous crystals were clearly characterized by elemental analysis, infrared (IR) spectra and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. With the aid of the flexible N-donor co-ligands, CP 1 occupies a non-interpenetrated 2D sheet with the point symbol {4(4)·6(2)} sql net topology, CP 2 possesses a 3D hexagon-shaped network with the point symbol {6(6)} three-fold interpenetrated sqc6 topology, CP 3 exhibits a 2D layer with the point symbol {4(4)·6(2)} sql net topology, CP 4 reveals an unusual 3D framework with the point symbol {4(2)·6(3)·8} three-fold interpenetrated sra topology, CP 5 has a 3D hexagon-shaped network with the point symbol {6(6)} two-fold interpenetrated sqc6 topology, while CP 6 displays a 3D hexagon-shaped network with the point symbol {6(6)} three-fold interpenetrated sqc6 topology. The diverse structures of CPs 1-6 illustrate that the substitute group and position of the methyl group of the bis(benzimidazole) derivatives play a significant role in the assembly of such interpenetrated frameworks. Moreover, luminescence properties and thermal behavior, as well as the electrochemical and photocatalytic

  4. Effect of Bridge Alteration on Ground- and Excited-State Properties of Ruthenium(II) Complexes with Electron-Donor-Substituted Dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine Ligands.

    PubMed

    Shillito, Georgina E; Larsen, Christopher B; McLay, James R W; Lucas, Nigel T; Gordon, Keith C

    2016-11-07

    A series of Ru(II) 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) complexes with an electron-accepting dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz) ligand coupled to an electron-donating triarylamine (TAA) group have been investigated. Systematic alteration of a bridging unit between the dppz and TAA allowed exploration into how communication between the donor and acceptor is perturbed by distance, as well as by steric and electronic effects. The effect of the bridging group on the electronic properties of the systems was characterized using a variety of spectroscopic methods, including Fourier transform-Raman (FT-Raman) spectroscopy, resonance Raman spectroscopy, and transient resonance Raman (TR(2)) spectroscopy. These methods were used in conjunction with ground- and excited-state absorption spectroscopy, electrochemical studies, and DFT calculations. The ground-state electronic absorption spectra show distinct variation with the bridging group, with the wavelength observed for the lowest energy electronic transition ranging from 449 nm to 522 nm, accompanied by large changes in the molar absorptivity. The lowest-energy Franck-Condon state was determined to be intra-ligand charge transfer (ILCT) in nature for most compounds. The presence of higher-energy metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) Ru(II) → bpy and Ru(II) → dppz transitions was also confirmed via resonance Raman spectroscopy. The TR(2) spectra showed characteristic dppz(• -) and TAA(• +) vibrations, indicating that the THEXI state formed was also ILCT in nature. Excited-state lifetime measurements reveal that the rate of decay is in accordance with the energy gap law and is not otherwise affected by the nature of the bridging unit.

  5. Impact of Donor Activating KIR Genes on HSCT Outcome in C1-Ligand Negative Myeloid Disease Patients Transplanted with Unrelated Donors—A Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Neuchel, Christine; Fürst, Daniel; Niederwieser, Dietger; Tsamadou, Chrysanthi; Wulf, Gerald; Pfreundschuh, Michael; Wagner, Eva; Stuhler, Gernot; Einsele, Hermann; Schrezenmeier, Hubert; Mytilineos, Joannis

    2017-01-01

    Natural Killer cells (NK) are lymphocytes with the potential to recognize and lyse cells which escaped T-cell mediated lysis due to their aberrant HLA expression profiles. Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) influence NK-cell activity by mediation of activating or inhibitory signals upon interaction with HLA-C (C1, C2) ligands. Therefore, absence of ligands for donor inhibitory KIRs following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may have an influence on its outcome. Previous studies showed that C1 negative patients have a decreased HSCT outcome. Our study, based on a cohort of 200 C1-negative patients, confirmed these findings for the endpoints: overall survival (OS: HR = 1.41, CI = 1.14–1.74, p = 0.0012), disease free survival (DFS: HR = 1.27, CI = 1.05–1.53, p = 0.015), treatment related mortality (TRM: HR = 1.41, CI = 1.01–1.96, p = 0.04), and relapse incidence (RI: HR = 1.33, CI = 1.01–1.75, p = 0.04) all being inferior when compared to C1-positive patients (n = 1246). Subsequent analysis showed that these findings applied for patients with myeloid malignancies but not for patients with lymphoproliferative diseases (OS: myeloid: HR = 1.51, CI = 1.15–1.99, p = 0.003; lymphoblastic: HR = 1.26, CI = 0.91–1.75, p = 0.16; DFS: myeloid: HR = 1.31, CI = 1.01–1.70, p = 0.04; lymphoblastic: HR = 1.21, CI = 0.90–1.61, p = 0.21; RI: myeloid: HR = 1.31, CI = 1.01–1.70, p = 0.04; lymphoblastic: HR = 1.21, CI = 0.90–1.61, p = 0.21). Interestingly, within the C1-negative patient group, transplantation with KIR2DS2 resulted in better OS (9/10 matched: HR = 0.24, CI = 0.08–0.67, p = 0.007) as well as DFS (9/10 matched: HR = 0,26, CI = 0.11–0.60, p = 0.002), and transplantation with KIR2DS1 positive donors was associated with a decreased RI (HR = 0.30, CI = 0.13–0.69, p = 0.005). TRM was increased when the donor was positive for KIR2DS1 (HR = 2.61, CI = 1.26–5.41, p = 0.001). Our findings suggest that inclusion of KIR2DS1/2/5 and

  6. Synthesis, spectral characterization, computational calculations and biological activity of complexes designed from NNO donor Schiff-base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Gammal, Ola A.; El-Reash, G. M. Abu; Yousef, T. A.; Mefreh, M.

    2015-07-01

    A new series of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of (Z)-2-oxo-2-(phenylamino)-N‧-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidene)acetohydrazide (H2OPPAH) have been prepared and characterized by conventional techniques. The spectral data indicated that the ligand acts as neutral or mononegative NNO tridentate. On the basis of magnetic and electronic spectral data an octahedral geometry for Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes and a tetrahedral geometry for Co(II) complex have been proposed. The molecular modeling using DFT method are drawn showing the bond length, bond angle, chemical reactivity, energy components (kcal/mol) and binding energy (kcal/mol) for all title compounds. The Kinetic parameters were determined for each thermal degradation stages of the ligand and its complexes using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Also, the compounds were screened for antioxidant activity using ABTS free radical, anti-hemolytic, and in vitro cytotoxic assay. H2OPPAH showed the potent antioxidant activity followed by Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes. On the other hand Ni(II) complex exhibited weak antioxidant activity using ABTS free radical and Erlich and strong erythrocyte hemolysis activity.

  7. Synthesis, spectral characterization, computational calculations and biological activity of complexes designed from NNO donor Schiff-base ligand.

    PubMed

    El-Gammal, Ola A; Abu El-Reash, G M; Yousef, T A; Mefreh, M

    2015-07-05

    A new series of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of (Z)-2-oxo-2-(phenylamino)-N'-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidene)acetohydrazide (H2OPPAH) have been prepared and characterized by conventional techniques. The spectral data indicated that the ligand acts as neutral or mononegative NNO tridentate. On the basis of magnetic and electronic spectral data an octahedral geometry for Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes and a tetrahedral geometry for Co(II) complex have been proposed. The molecular modeling using DFT method are drawn showing the bond length, bond angle, chemical reactivity, energy components (kcal/mol) and binding energy (kcal/mol) for all title compounds. The Kinetic parameters were determined for each thermal degradation stages of the ligand and its complexes using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Also, the compounds were screened for antioxidant activity using ABTS free radical, anti-hemolytic, and in vitro cytotoxic assay. H2OPPAH showed the potent antioxidant activity followed by Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes. On the other hand Ni(II) complex exhibited weak antioxidant activity using ABTS free radical and Erlich and strong erythrocyte hemolysis activity.

  8. Selective recognition and stabilization of new ligands targeting the potassium form of the human telomeric G-quadruplex DNA

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Yi-Hwa; Chuang, Show-Mei; Wu, Pei-Ching; Chen, Chun-Liang; Jeyachandran, Sivakamavalli; Lo, Shou-Chen; Huang, Hsu-Shan; Hou, Ming-Hon

    2016-01-01

    The development of a ligand that is capable of distinguishing among the wide variety of G-quadruplex structures and targeting telomeres to treat cancer is particularly challenging. In this study, the ability of two anthraquinone telomerase inhibitors (NSC749235 and NSC764638) to target telomeric G-quadruplex DNA was probed. We found that these ligands specifically target the potassium form of telomeric G-quadruplex DNA over the DNA counterpart. The characteristic interaction with the telomeric G-quadruplex DNA and the anticancer activities of these ligands were also explored. The results of this present work emphasize our understanding of the binding selectivity of anthraquinone derivatives to G-quadruplex DNA and assists in future drug development for G-quadruplex-specific ligands. PMID:27511133

  9. Selective recognition and stabilization of new ligands targeting the potassium form of the human telomeric G-quadruplex DNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Yi-Hwa; Chuang, Show-Mei; Wu, Pei-Ching; Chen, Chun-Liang; Jeyachandran, Sivakamavalli; Lo, Shou-Chen; Huang, Hsu-Shan; Hou, Ming-Hon

    2016-08-01

    The development of a ligand that is capable of distinguishing among the wide variety of G-quadruplex structures and targeting telomeres to treat cancer is particularly challenging. In this study, the ability of two anthraquinone telomerase inhibitors (NSC749235 and NSC764638) to target telomeric G-quadruplex DNA was probed. We found that these ligands specifically target the potassium form of telomeric G-quadruplex DNA over the DNA counterpart. The characteristic interaction with the telomeric G-quadruplex DNA and the anticancer activities of these ligands were also explored. The results of this present work emphasize our understanding of the binding selectivity of anthraquinone derivatives to G-quadruplex DNA and assists in future drug development for G-quadruplex-specific ligands.

  10. Oxidized or Reduced Cytochrome c and Axial Ligand Variants All Form the Apoptosome in Vitro.

    PubMed

    Mendez, Deanna L; Akey, Ildikó V; Akey, Christopher W; Kranz, Robert G

    2017-06-06

    Cytochrome c (cyt c) has two important roles in vertebrates: mitochondrial electron transport and activating the intrinsic cell death pathway (apoptosis). To initiate cell death, cyt c dissociates from the inner mitochondrial membrane and migrates to the cytosol. In the cytosol, cyt c interacts stoichiometrically with apoptotic protease activating factor 1 (Apaf-1) and upon ATP binding induces formation of the heptameric apoptosome. It is not clear however what the redox state of cyt c is when it functions as the "active signal" for apoptosis. Some reports have indicated that only ferri (i.e., oxidized Fe(3+) heme) but not ferro (reduced, Fe(2+) heme) cyt c forms the apoptosome. Facilitated by our recently described recombinant system for synthesizing novel human cyt c proteins, we use a panel of cyt c axial ligand variants that exhibit a broad range of redox potentials. These variants exist in different redox states. Here we show that cyt c wild type and cyt c H19M (reduced state) and cyt c M81A and cyt c M81H (oxidized state) all bind to Apaf-1 and form the apoptosome.

  11. Polymeric networks of copper(II) phenylmalonate with heteroaromatic n-donor ligands: synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Pasán, Jorge; Sanchiz, Joaquín; Ruiz-Pérez, Catalina; Lloret, Francesc; Julve, Miguel

    2005-10-31

    Two new phenylmalonate-bridged copper(II) complexes with the formulas [Cu(4,4'-bpy)(Phmal)](n).2nH(2)O (1) and [Cu(2,4'-bpy)(Phmal)(H(2)O)](n)() (2) (Phmal = phenylmalonate dianion, 4,4'-bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine, 2,4'-bpy = 2,4'-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 crystallizes in monoclinic space group P2(1), Z = 4, with unit cell parameters of a = 9.0837(6) Angstroms, b = 9.3514(4) Angstroms, c = 11.0831(8) Angstroms, and beta = 107.807(6) degrees , whereas complex 2 crystallizes in orthorhombic space group C2cb, Z = 8, with unit cell parameters of a = 10.1579(7) Angstroms, b = 10.3640(8) Angstroms, and c = 33.313(4) Angstroms. The structures of 1 and 2 consist of layers of copper(II) ions with bridging bis-monodentate phenylmalonate (1 and 2) and 4,4'-bpy (1) ligands and terminal monodentate 2,4'-bpy (2) groups. Each layer in 1 contains rectangles with dimensions of 11.08 x 4.99 Angstroms(2), the edges being defined by the Phmal and 4,4'-bpy ligands. The intralayer copper-copper separations in 1 through the anti-syn equatorial-apical carboxylate-bridge and the 4,4'-bpy molecule are 4.9922(4) and 11.083(1) Angstroms, respectively. The anti-syn equatorial-equatorial carboxylate bridge links the copper(II) atoms in complex 2 within each layer with a mean copper-copper separation of 5.3709(8) Angstroms. The presence of 2,4'-bpy as a terminal ligand accounts for the large interlayer separation of 15.22 Angstroms. The copper(II) environment presents a static pseudo-Jahn-Teller disorder which has been studied by EPR and low-temperature X-ray diffraction. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of both compounds in the temperature range 2-290 K show the occurrence of weak antiferromagnetic [J = -0.59(1) cm(-1) (1)] and ferromagnetic [J = +0.77(1) cm(-1) (2)] interactions between the copper(II) ions. The conformation of the phenylmalonate-carboxylate bridge and other structural factors, such as the planarity of the exchange

  12. Synthesis, spectroscopic, antimicrobial, DNA binding and cleavage studies of some metal complexes involving symmetrical bidentate N, N donor Schiff base ligand.

    PubMed

    Arish, D; Nair, M Sivasankaran

    2011-11-01

    The Schiff base ligand, N,N'-bis-(4-isopropylbenzaldimine)-1,2-diaminoethane (L), obtained by the condensation of 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde and 1,2-diaminoethane, has been used to synthesize the complexes of the type [ML(2)X(2)] [M = Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II); X = Cl and OAc]. The newly synthesized ligand (L) and its complexes have been characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, mass, (1)H and (13)C-NMR, molar conductance, IR, UV-vis, magnetic moment, CV and thermal analyses, powder XRD and SEM. IR spectral data show that the ligand is coordinated to the metal ions in a bidentate manner. The geometrical structures of these complexes are found to be octahedral. Interestingly, reaction with Cu(II) ion with this ligand undergoes hydrolytic cleavage to form ethylenediamine copper(II) complex and the corresponding aldehyde. The antimicrobial results indicate that the chloro complexes exhibit more activity than the acetato complexes. The complexes bind to CT-DNA by intercalation modes. Novel chloroform soluble ZnL(2)Cl(2) complex exhibits tremendous antimicrobial, DNA binding and cleaving properties. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Preparation and antibacterial activity of copper and cobalt complexes of 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzoate with a nitrogen donor ligand.

    PubMed

    Kabbani, Ahmad Toufic; Hammud, Hassan Hasan; Ghannoum, Amer Mohammed

    2007-03-01

    Copper and cobalt complexes with 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzoate (ClNBz) and the nitrogen ligands 1,3-diaminopropane (1,3-DAP) or o-phenylenediamine (o-PDA), were prepared and characterized. The complexes [Cu(ClNBz)2(1,3-DAP)] (1), [Cu(ClNBz)(o-PDA)]Cl (2), [Co(ClNBz)2(1,3-DAP)] (3) and [Co(ClNBz)2(o-PDA)2] (4) were characterized by FTIR, UV-Visible absorption, elemental analysis and thermal analysis. Complex [Cu(ClNBz)(o-PDA)]Cl (2) shows high antibacterial activity as indicated by its ability to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis.

  14. Copper(II) and palladium(II) complexes with tridentate NSO donor Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, characterization and structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Sujit Baran; Solanki, Ankita; Kundu, Suman

    2017-09-01

    Mononuclear copper(II) complex [CuL2] and palladium(II) complexes [Pd(X)L] where X = benzoate(bz) or salicylate(sal) and HL = 2-(methylthio)phenylimino)methyl)phenol, a Schiff base ligand with NSO coordination sites have been synthesized and characterized by microanalyses, IR, UV-Visible spectra, conductivity measurement and magnetic studies. Crystal structures of all the complexes have been solved by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies and showed that there are two molecules in a unit cell in the [CuL2] complex - one molecule has square planar geometry whereas second molecule has distorted square pyramidal geometry and palladium(II) complexes have distorted square planar geometry.

  15. Preparation, spectroscopic characterization and antimicrobial activities of mixed metal (Sb and Bi) bridged derivatives with mixed sulfur donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joshi, Sapana; Chauhan, H. P. S.; Carpenter, Nitin

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the syntheses of six mixed metal derivatives of antimony(III) and bismuth(III) by the reaction of ethane-1,2-dithiol and metal bis derivatives of dithiocarbamates and/or dithiophosphates ligands in 1:1:1 M stoichiometry. These derivatives have been characterized by physicochemical [elemental analysis (C, H, N, S, Sb and Bi), molecular weight and melting point determinations], spectral [UV-Visible, FTIR, NMR (1H, 13C and 31P)], powder X-ray diffraction studies. These derivatives have nano-ranged crystallite size (8.18-18.04 nm) with monoclinic crystal system. All the synthesized derivatives have two metal centers (Sb and Bi) which elevate the zone of inhibition against four bacterial and two fungal species as compared to single metal species (metal precursors) as well as standard drugs.

  16. A study of DNA/BSA interaction and catalytic potential of oxidovanadium(v) complexes with ONO donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Dash, Subhashree P; Panda, Alok K; Dhaka, Sarita; Pasayat, Sagarika; Biswas, Ashis; Maurya, Mannar R; Majhi, Paresh Kumar; Crochet, Aurélien; Dinda, Rupam

    2016-11-15

    The study of DNA/BSA interaction and the catalytic potential of four mononuclear oxidoalkoxido vanadium(v) [V(V)O(L(1-4))OEt] (1-4) and one dinuclear oxidoalkoxido mixed-ligand vanadium(v) [{VO(L(2))OEt}2(Q)]{Q = 4,4'-bipyridine}(5) complexes, with tridentate binegative aroylazine ligands are reported [where H2L(1) = anthranylhydrazone of 2-hydroxy-1-napthaldehyde, H2L(2) = salicylhydrazone of 2-hydroxy-1-napthaldehyde, H2L(3) = benzoylhydrazone of 2-hydroxy-1-acetonaphthone, H2L(4) = anthranylhydrazone of 2-hydroxy-1-acetonaphthone]. All the complexes are characterized by elemental analysis as well as various spectroscopic techniques. Single crystal X-ray diffraction crystallography of 2 reveals that the metal centre is in distorted square pyramidal geometry with O4N coordination spheres, whereas 5 exhibits a distorted octahedral geometry around the metal center. In addition, all the complexes (1-5) show moderate DNA binding propensity which is investigated using UV-vis absorption titration, circular dichroism, thermal denaturation and fluorescence spectral studies. The experimental results show that the complexes effectively interact with CT-DNA through both minor and major groove binding modes, with binding constants ranging from 10(4)-10(5) M(-1). Among 1-5, complexes 3 and 4 show higher binding affinity towards CT-DNA than others and at the same time also exhibit negative ΔTm values of about ∼1.5 and 1.0 °C which resembles the properties shown by cisplatin. All complexes show moderate photo-induced cleavage of pUC19 supercoiled plasmid DNA with complex 3 showing the highest photo induced DNA cleavage activity of ∼48%. In coherence with the DNA interaction studies, 3 and 4 also exhibit good binding affinity towards BSA in the range of 10(10)-10(11) M(-1), which is also supported by their ability to quench the tryptophan fluorescence emission spectra of BSA. All the complexes show remarkable photo-induced BSA cleavage activity (>90%) at a complex

  17. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and DNA nuclease activity of Cu(II) complexes derived from pyrazolone based NSO-donor Schiff base ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vyas, Komal M.; Joshi, Rushikesh G.; Jadeja, R. N.; Ratna Prabha, C.; Gupta, Vivek K.

    2011-12-01

    Two neutral mononuclear Cu(II) complexes have been prepared in EtOH using Schiff bases derived from 4-toluoyl pyrazolone and thiosemicarbazide. Both the ligands have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectral data. The molecular geometry of one of these ligands has been determined by single crystal X-ray study. It reveals that these ligands exist in amine-one tautomeric form in the solid state. Microanalytical data, Cu-estimation, molar conductivity, magnetic measurements, IR, UV-Visible, FAB-Mass, TG-DTA data and ESR spectral studies were used to confirm the structures of the complexes. Electronic absorption and IR spectra of the complexes suggest a square-planar geometry around the central metal ion. The interaction of complexes with pET30a plasmid DNA was investigated by spectroscopic measurements. Results suggest that the copper complexes bind to DNA via an intercalative mode and can quench the fluorescence intensity of EB bound to DNA. The interaction between the complexes and DNA has also been investigated by agarose gel electrophoresis, interestingly, we found that the copper(II) complexes can cleave circular plasmid DNA to nicked and linear forms.

  18. Structural Differences between Active Forms of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor Type 1 Revealed by Conformationally Sensitive Ligands*

    PubMed Central

    Li, Shih-Hon; Gorlatova, Natalia V.; Lawrence, Daniel A.; Schwartz, Bradford S.

    2008-01-01

    Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) is a serine protease inhibitor (serpin) in which the reactive center loop (RCL) spontaneously inserts into a central β-sheet, β-sheet A, resulting in inactive inhibitor. Available x-ray crystallographic studies of PAI-1 in an active conformation relied on the use of stabilizing mutations. Recently it has become evident that these structural models do not adequately explain the behavior of wild-type PAI-1 (wtPAI-1) in solution. To probe the structure of native wtPAI-1, we used three conformationally sensitive ligands: the physiologic cofactor, vitronectin; a monoclonal antibody, 33B8, that binds preferentially to RCL-inserted forms of PAI-1; and RCL-mimicking peptides that insert into β-sheet A. From patterns of interaction with wtPAI-1 and the stable mutant, 14-1B, we propose a model of the native conformation of wtPAI-1 in which the bottom of the central sheet is closed, whereas the top of the β-sheet A is open to allow partial insertion of the RCL. Because the incorporation of RCL-mimicking peptides into wtPAI-1 is accelerated by vitronectin, we further propose that vitronectin alters the conformation of the RCL to allow increased accessibility to β-sheet A, yielding a structural hypothesis that is contradictory to the current structural model of PAI-1 in solution and its interaction with vitronectin. PMID:18436534

  19. Two new helical compounds based on Keggin clusters and N-donor multidentate ligand: Syntheses, structures and properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Shi; Liu, Bo; Li, Xiao-Min; Shi, Tian; Chen, Ya-Guang

    2014-11-01

    Two isostructural polyoxometalate-based inorganic-organic hybrids with 1D helical chain, [CuH3L2(GeMo12O40)]·2H2O (1) and [CuH3L2(SiMo12O40)]·2H2O (2), where L=2,4,5-tri(4-pyridyl)-imidazole have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. It is the first time to use the L ligand to synthesis the Keggin-type polyoxometalate-based inorganic-organic hybrids. The two compounds possess the left- and right-handed helical chains and the POMs as pendants attach in the helical chains through Cu-O bonds. The two compounds have been characterized by elemental analyses, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and photoluminescent spectroscopy. Moreover, nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurement, electrochemical and photocatalysis properties for degradation of methylene blue (MB) upon a UV irradiation of compound 1 have been examined.

  20. The Hyperaccumulator Alyssum murale uses Complexation with Nitrogen and Oxygen Donor Ligands for Ni Transport and Storage

    SciTech Connect

    McNear, Jr., D.; Chanay, R; Sparks, D

    2010-01-01

    The Kotodesh genotype of the nickel (Ni) hyperaccumulator Alyssum murale was examined to determine the compartmentalization and internal speciation of Ni, and other elements, in an effort to ascertain the mechanism used by this plant to tolerate extremely high shoot (stem and leaf) Ni concentrations. Plants were grown either hydroponically or in Ni enriched soils from an area surrounding an historic Ni refinery in Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada. Electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) and synchrotron based micro X-ray fluorescence ({mu}-SXRF) spectroscopy were used to determine the metal distribution and co-localization and synchrotron X-ray and attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopies were used to determine the Ni speciation in plant parts and extracted sap. Nickel is concentrated in the dermal leaf and stem tissues of A. murale bound primarily to malate along with other low molecular weight organic ligands and possibly counter anions (e.g., sulfate). Ni is present in the plant sap and vasculature bound to histidine, malate and other low molecular weight compounds. The data presented herein supports a model in which Ni is transported from the roots to the shoots complexed with histidine and stored within the plant leaf dermal tissues complexed with malate, and other low molecular weight organic acids or counter-ions.

  1. High-contrast fluorescence sensing of aqueous Cu(I) with triaryl-pyrazoline probes: Dissecting the roles of ligand donor strength and excited state proton transfer

    PubMed Central

    Morgan, M. Thomas; Bagchi, Pritha; Fahrni, Christoph J.

    2012-01-01

    Cu(I)-responsive fluorescent probes based on a photoinduced electron transfer (PET) mechanism generally show incomplete fluorescence recovery relative to the intrinsic quantum yield of the fluorescence reporter. Previous studies on probes with an N-aryl thiazacrown Cu(I)-receptor revealed that the recovery is compromised by incomplete Cu(I)-N coordination and resultant ternary complex formation with solvent molecules. Building upon a strategy that successfully increased the fluorescence contrast and quantum yield of Cu(I) probes in methanol, we integrated the arylamine PET donor into the backbone of a hydrophilic thiazacrown ligand with a sulfonated triarylpyrazoline as a water-soluble fluorescence reporter. This approach was not only expected to disfavor ternary complex formation in aqueous solution but also to maximize PET switching through a synergistic Cu(I)-induced conformational change. The resulting water-soluble probe 1 gave a strong 57-fold fluorescence enhancement upon saturation with Cu(I) with high selectivity over other cations, including Cu(II), Hg(II), and Cd(II); however, the recovery quantum yield did not improve over probes with the original N-aryl thiazacrown design. Concluding from detailed photophysical data, including responses to acidification, solvent isotope effects, quantum yields, and time-resolved fluorescence decay profiles, the fluorescence contrast of 1 is compromised by inadequate coordination of Cu(I) to the weakly basic arylamine nitrogen of the PET donor and by fluorescence quenching via two distinct excited state proton transfer pathways operating under neutral and acidic conditions. PMID:23169532

  2. Modeling the Syn-Disposition of Nitrogen Donors in Non-Heme Diiron Enzymes. Synthesis, Characterization, and Hydrogen Peroxide Reactivity of Diiron(III) Complexes with the Syn N-Donor Ligand H2BPG2DEV

    PubMed Central

    Friedle, Simone; Kodanko, Jeremy J.; Morys, Anna J.; Hayashi, Takahiro; Moënne-Loccoz, Pierre; Lippard, Stephen J.

    2009-01-01

    In order to model the syn disposition of histidine residues in carboxylate-bridged non-heme diiron enzymes, we prepared a new dinucleating ligand, H2BPG2DEV, that provides this geometric feature. The ligand incorporates biologically relevant carboxylate functionalities, which have not been explored as extensively as nitrogen-only analogs. Three novel oxo-bridged diiron(III) complexes [Fe2(μ-O)(H2O)2-(BPG2DEV)](ClO4)2 (6), [Fe2(μ-O)(μ-O CAriPrO)(BPG2DEV)](ClO4) (7), and [Fe2(μ-O)(μ-CO3)(BPG2DEV)] (8) were prepared. Single crystal X-ray structural characterization confirms that two pyridines are bound syn with respect to the Fe–Fe vector in these compounds. The carbonato-bridged complex 8 forms quantitatively from 6 in a rapid reaction with gaseous CO2 in organic solvents. A common maroon-colored intermediate (λmax = 490 nm; ε = 1500 M−1 cm−1) forms in reactions of 6, 7, or 8 with H2O2 and NEt3 in CH3CN/H2O solutions. Mass spectrometric analyses of this species, formed using 18O-labeled H2O2, indicate the presence of a peroxide ligand bound to the oxo-bridged diiron(III) center. The Mössbauer spectrum at 90 K of the EPR-silent intermediate exhibits a quadrupole doublet with δ. = 0.58 mm/s and ΔEQ = 0.58 mm/s. The isomer shift is typical for a peroxodiiron(III) species, but the quadrupole splitting parameter is unusually small compared to related complexes. These Mössbauer parameters are comparable to those observed for a peroxo intermediate formed in the reaction of reduced toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase hydroxylase (ToMOH) with dioxygen. Resonance Raman studies reveal an unusually low-energy O–O stretching mode in the peroxo intermediate that is consistent with a short diiron distance. Although peroxodiiron(III) intermediates generated from 6, 7, and 8 are poor O-atom transfer catalysts, they display highly efficient catalase activity, with turnover numbers up to 10,000. In contrast to hydrogen peroxide reactions of diiron(III) complexes that lack

  3. Molecular structure and catechol oxidase activity of a new copper(I) complex with sterically crowded monodentate N-donor ligand.

    PubMed

    Kupán, Adám; Kaizer, József; Speier, Gábor; Giorgi, Michel; Réglier, Marius; Pollreisz, Ferenc

    2009-03-01

    The attempted alkylation of 1,3-bis(2'-pyridylimino)isoindoline (indH) by the use of n-BuLi and subsequent alkyl halides led to quaternization of the pyridine nitrogens and the zwitterionic monodentate N-ligand (Me(2)ind)I was formed. By the use of the ligand the copper(I) complex [Cu(I)(Me(2)ind)I(2)] was prepared and its structure determined. It was found to be good catalyst for the oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol (DTBCH(2)) to 3,5-di-tert-butyl-1,2-benzoquinone (DTBQ) and H(2)O(2) by dioxygen. Detailed kinetic studies revealed first-order dependence on the catalyst and dioxygen concentration and saturation type behavior with respect to the substrate.

  4. Two new complexes of Lanthanide(III) ion with the N3O2-donor Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Xu-Sheng; Jiang, Xia; Yao, Cheng

    2016-12-01

    Two rare earth coordination complexes, [Dy(DAPBH)NO3(H2O)2]ṡ(NO3)2 (1), La(DAPBH)(NO3)3 (2) (where DAPBH = 2, 6-diacetylpyridine benzoyhydrazone), have been synthesized and characterized. Single crystal structural analysis revealed that the Dy3+ ion is nine-coordinated with three N-atoms and two O-atoms from pentadentate DAPBH ligand, two O-atoms from one nitrate and other two O-atoms from two water molecules, and the coordination sphere features as a capped tetragonal antiprism in 1, while the La3+ ion is bound to six O atoms from three nitrate counter ions, three N-atoms and two O-atoms from a pentadentate DAPBH ligand to form a tricapped tetragonal antiprism coordination geometry in 2. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements showed the existence of weak antiferromagnetic interaction in 1.

  5. Synthesis, characterization, crystal structure and HSA binding of two new N,O,O-donor Schiff-base ligands derived from dihydroxybenzaldehyde and tert-butylamine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khosravi, Iman; Hosseini, Farnaz; Khorshidifard, Mahsa; Sahihi, Mehdi; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri

    2016-09-01

    Two new o-hydroxy Schiff-bases compounds, L1 and L2, were derived from the 1:1 M condensation of 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde and 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde with tert-butylamine and were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopies. The crystal structure of L2 was also determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. The crystal structure of L2 showed that the compound exists as a zwitterionic form in the solid state, with the H atom of the phenol group being transferred to the imine N atom. It adopts an E configuration about the central Cdbnd N double bond. Furthermore, binding of these Schiff base ligands to Human Serum Albumin (HSA) was investigated by fluorescence quenching, absorption spectroscopy, molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation methods. The fluorescence emission of HSA was quenched by ligands. Also, suitable models were used to analyze the UV-vis absorption spectroscopy data for titration of HSA solution by various amounts of Schiff bases. The spectroscopic studies revealed that these Schiff bases formed 1:1 complex with HSA. Energy transfer mechanism of quenching was discussed and the values of 3.35 and 1.57 nm as the mean distances between the bound ligands and the HSA were calculated for L1 and L2, respectively. Molecular docking results indicated that the main active binding site for these Schiff bases ligands is in subdomain IB. Moreover, MD simulation results suggested that this Schiff base complex can interact with HSA, with a slight modification of its tertiary structure.

  6. Spectroscopic and electrochemical properties of organic framework of macrocylic OONNOO-donor ligand with its metal organic framework: host/guest stability measurements.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Rajiv; Singh, R P; Singh, R P

    2008-11-15

    In this study, we synthesized 1,2-di(o-aminophenoxy)ethane, as the starting material, used in the preparation of a novel hexadentate OONNOO-donor macrocyclic ligand-1,4,11,14-tetraoxo-7,8-diaza-5,6:9,10;15,16:19,20-terabezocyclododeca-8,17-iene. It has twenty membered organic framework (OF), which has been designed, synthesized and characterized. Our main findings of this paper are related to the organic framework of ligand, its capacity to digest the metal ions and the stability of metal organic framework (MOFs) with cobalt(II), nickel(II) and manganese(II). The authenticity of the used organic framework and its metal complexes have been detected and observed in solid state as well as in aqueous solutions. The main observations were made on the basis of physiochemical measurements viz.: elemental analyses, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, mass spectroscopy, electronic, ESR spectroscopy. In addition, the magnetic susceptibility and electrochemistry measurements have been made. The 1H NMR spectra suggest stereochemistry and proton movement interaction. Considering the used organic framework there are a lot of carbon atoms in the molecule reflected by the 13C NMR spectrum. All these observations gave a clear view to confirming the encapsulation; arrive at the composition, structure and geometry of encapsulated complexes. In simple words, it confirms the host/guest coordination and its stability. Electrochemical properties of the complexes have been investigated to confirm the various changes in oxidation state of metals with change in potentials with respect to current at different scan rate.

  7. Coordination chemistry of tetradentate N-donor ligands containing two pyrazolyl-pyridine units separated by a 1,8-naphthyl spacer: dodecanuclear and tetranuclear coordination cages and cyclic helicates.

    PubMed

    Argent, Stephen P; Adams, Harry; Riis-Johannessen, Thomas; Jeffery, John C; Harding, Lindsay P; Mamula, Olimpia; Ward, Michael D

    2006-05-15

    The tetradentate ligand L(naph) contains two N-donor bidentate pyrazolyl-pyridine units connected to a 1,8-naphthyl core via methylene spacers; L45 and L56 are chiral ligands with a structure similar to that of L(naph) but bearing pinene groups fused to either C4 and C5 or C5 and C6 of the terminal pyridyl rings. The complexes [Cu(L(naph))](OTf) and [Ag(L(naph))](BF4) have unremarkable mononuclear structures, with Cu(I) being four-coordinate and Ag(I) being two-coordinate with two additional weak interactions (i.e., "2 + 2" coordinate). In contrast, [Cu4(L(naph))4][BF4]4 is a cyclic tetranuclear helicate with a tetrafluoroborate anion in the central cavity, formed by an anion-templating effect; electrospray mass spectrometry (ESMS) spectra show the presence of other cyclic oligomers in solution. The chiral ligands show comparable behavior, with [Cu(L45)](BF4) and [Ag(L45)](ClO4) having similar mononuclear crystal structures and with the ligands being tetradentate chelates. In contrast, [Ag4(L56)4](BF4)4 is a cyclic tetranuclear helicate in which both diastereomers of the complex are present in the crystal; the two diastereomers have similar gross geometries but are significantly different in detail. Despite their different crystal structures, [Ag(L45)](ClO4) and [Ag4(L56)4](BF4)4 behave similarly in solution according to ESMS studies, with a range of cyclic oligomers (up to Ag9L9) forming. With transition-metal dications Co(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II), L(naph) generates a series of unusual dodecanuclear coordination cages [M12(L(naph))18]X24 (X- = ClO4- or BF4-) in which the 12 metal ions occupy the vertices of a truncated tetrahedron and a bridging ligand spans each of the 18 edges. The central cavity of each cage can accommodate four counterions, and each cage molecule is chiral, with all 12 metal trischelates being homochiral; the crystals are racemic. Extensive aromatic stacking between ligands around the periphery of the cages appears to be a significant factor in

  8. Diamagnetic molybdenum nitride complexes supported by diligating tripodal triamido-phosphine ligands as precursors to paramagnetic phosphine donors.

    PubMed

    Hatnean, Jillian A; Johnson, Samuel A

    2015-09-07

    The reaction of the ligand precursors P[CH2NHAr(R)]3 () with (Me2N)3Mo[triple bond, length as m-dash]N generated the complexes P(CH2NAr(R))3Mo[triple bond, length as m-dash]N (), where Ar(R) = 3,5-(CH3)2C6H3 (), Ph (), and 3,5-(CF3)2C6H3 (), with (Me2N)3Mo[triple bond, length as m-dash]N generated the complexes P(CH2NAr(R))3Mo[triple bond, length as m-dash]N (). Complex was obtained in poor yield, due to the formation of P(CH2N-3,5-(CF3)2C6H3)2(CH2NH-3,5-(CF3)2C6H3)(NMe2H)(NMe2)Mo[triple bond, length as m-dash]N () as the major product. Reaction of with VMes3THF generated the paramagnetic complexes P(CH2NAr(R))3Mo(μ-N)V(Mes)3 (). The reaction of with Ni(acac)2 generated the Ni(0) complexes Ni[P(CH2NAr(R))3Mo[triple bond, length as m-dash]N]4 () in poor yield. These complexes were synthesized in higher yields from the reaction of with Ni(COD)2, where COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene. Reaction of either with V(Mes)3THF or with Ni(COD)2 generated the paramagnetic nonanuclear complex Ni[P(CH2NAr(R))3Mo(μ-N)VMes3]4 ().

  9. Two new two-dimensional coordination polymers based on isophthalate and a flexible N-donor ligand containing benzimidazole and pyridine rings: synthesis, crystal structures and a solid-state UV-Vis study.

    PubMed

    Hasi, Qi Meige; Fan, Yan; Hou, Chen; Yao, Xiao Qiang; Liu, Jia Cheng

    2016-10-01

    In coordination chemistry and crystal engineering, many factors influence the construction of coordination polymers and the final frameworks depend greatly on the organic ligands used. N-Donor ligands with diverse coordination modes and conformations have been employed to assemble metal-organic frameworks. Carboxylic acid ligands can deprotonate completely or partially when bonding to metal ions and can also act as donors or acceptors of hydrogen bonds and are thus good candidates for the construction of supramolecular architectures. Two new transition metal complexes, namely poly[diaqua(μ4-1,4-bis{[1-(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)-1H-benz[d]imidazol-2-yl]methoxy}benzene)bis(μ2-isophthalato)dicobalt(II)], [Co(C8H4O4)(C34H28N6O2)0.5(H2O)]n, (1), and poly[diaqua(μ4-1,4-bis{[1-(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)-1H-benz[d]imidazol-2-yl]methoxy}benzene)bis(μ2-isophthalato)dicadmium(II)], [Cd(C8H4O4)(C34H28N6O2)0.5(H2O)]n, have been constructed using a symmetric N-donor ligand and a carboxylate ligand under hydrothermal conditions. X-ray crystallographic studies reveal that complexes (1) and (2) are isostructural, both of them exhibiting three-dimensional supramolecular architectures built by hydrogen bonds in which the coordinated water molecules serve as donors, while the O atoms of the carboxylate groups act as acceptors. Furthermore, (1) and (2) have been characterized by elemental, IR spectroscopic, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and thermogravimetric analyses. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum of complex (1) has also been investigated.

  10. 77 FR 42000 - Notice of Request for Renewal of Information Collection for Donor Certification Form

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-17

    ... Form AGENCY: Office of Youth, Partnerships and Service, Assistant Secretary--Policy, Management and...)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Office of Youth, Partnerships and Service... Youth, Partnerships and Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, MS 3530-MIB, 1849 C Street NW...

  11. Enzymatic Sensor Detects Some Forms of Nitric Oxide Donors Undetectable by Other Methods in Living Tissues.

    PubMed

    Titov, V Yu; Kosenko, O V; Starkova, E S; Kondratov, G V; Borkhunova, E N; Petrov, V A; Osipov, A N

    2016-11-01

    Studies with the use of highly sensitive enzymatic sensor have shown the presence of various forms of nitrosyl iron complexes, including those undetectable by other methods, in living tissues. All these complexes are long-living compounds and constitute the major part of nitroso compounds in the blood, muscles, liquor, and amniotic fluid.

  12. Quantifying the electron donor and acceptor ability of the ketimide ligands in M(N=CtBu2)4 (M = V, Nb, Ta)

    PubMed Central

    Damon, Peter L.; Liss, Cameron J.; Lewis, Richard A.; Morochnik, Simona; Szpunar, David E.; Telser, Joshua; Hayton, Trevor W.

    2015-01-01

    Addition of 4 equiv of Li(N=CtBu2) to VCl3 in THF, followed by addition of 0.5 equiv I2, generates the homoleptic V(IV) ketimide complex, V(N=CtBu2)4 (1), in 42% yield. Similarly, reaction of 4 equiv of Li(N=CtBu2) with NbCl4(THF)2 in THF affords the homoleptic Nb(IV) ketimide complex, Nb(N=CtBu2)4 (2), in 55% yield. Seeking to extend the series to the tantalum congener, a new Ta(IV) starting material, TaCl4(TMEDA) (3), was prepared via reduction of TaCl5 with Et3SiH, followed by addition of TMEDA. Reaction of 3 with 4 equiv of Li(N=CtBu2) in THF results in a isolation of a Ta(V) ketimide complex, Ta(Cl)(N=CtBu2)4 (5), which can be isolated in 32% yield. Reaction of 5 with Tl(OTf) yields Ta(OTf)(N=CtBu2)4 (6) in 44% yield. Subsequent reduction of 6 with Cp*2Co in toluene generates the homoleptic Ta(IV) congener Ta(N=CtBu2)4 (7), although the yields are poor. All three homoleptic Group 5 ketimide complexes exhibit squashed tetrahedral geometries in the solid state, as determined by X-ray crystallography. This geometry leads to a dx2−y21 (2B1 in D2d) ground state, as supported by DFT calculations. EPR spectroscopic analysis of 1 and 2, performed at X- and Q-band frequencies (~9 and 35 GHz, respectively), further supports the 2B1 ground state assignment, while comparison of 1, 2, and 7 with related Group 5 tetra(aryl), tetra(amido) and tetra(alkoxo) complexes shows a higher M-L covalency in the ketimide-metal interaction. In addition, a ligand field analysis of 1 and 2 demonstrates that the ketimide ligand is both a strong π-donor and strong π-acceptor, an unusual combination found in very few organometallic ligands. PMID:26419513

  13. Quantifying the Electron Donor and Acceptor Abilities of the Ketimide Ligands in M(N═C(t)Bu2)4 (M = V, Nb, Ta).

    PubMed

    Damon, Peter L; Liss, Cameron J; Lewis, Richard A; Morochnik, Simona; Szpunar, David E; Telser, Joshua; Hayton, Trevor W

    2015-10-19

    Addition of 4 equiv of Li(N═C(t)Bu2) to VCl3 in THF, followed by addition of 0.5 equiv of I2, generates the homoleptic V(IV) ketimide complex, V(N═C(t)Bu2)4 (1), in 42% yield. Similarly, reaction of 4 equiv of Li(N═C(t)Bu2) with NbCl4(THF)2 in THF affords the homoleptic Nb(IV) ketimide complex, Nb(N═C(t)Bu2)4 (2), in 55% yield. Seeking to extend the series to the tantalum congener, a new Ta(IV) starting material, TaCl4(TMEDA) (3), was prepared via reduction of TaCl5 with Et3SiH, followed by addition of TMEDA. Reaction of 3 with 4 equiv of Li(N═C(t)Bu2) in THF results in the isolation of a Ta(V) ketimide complex, Ta(Cl)(N═C(t)Bu2)4 (5), which can be isolated in 32% yield. Reaction of 5 with Tl(OTf) yields Ta(OTf)(N═C(t)Bu2)4 (6) in 44% yield. Subsequent reduction of 6 with Cp*2Co in toluene generates the homoleptic Ta(IV) congener Ta(N═C(t)Bu2)4 (7), although the yields are poor. All three homoleptic group 5 ketimide complexes exhibit squashed tetrahedral geometries in the solid state, as determined by X-ray crystallography. This geometry leads to a d(x(2)-y(2))(1) ((2)B1 in D(2d)) ground state, as supported by DFT calculations. EPR spectroscopic analysis of 1 and 2, performed at X- and Q-band frequencies (∼9 and 35 GHz, respectively), further supports the (2)B1 ground-state assignment, whereas comparison of 1, 2, and 7 with related group 5 tetra(aryl), tetra(amido), and tetra(alkoxo) complexes shows a higher M-L covalency in the ketimide-metal interaction. In addition, a ligand field analysis of 1 and 2 demonstrates that the ketimide ligand is both a strong π-donor and strong π-acceptor, an unusual combination found in very few organometallic ligands.

  14. Syntheses and structural characterization of iron(II) and copper(II) coordination compounds with the neutral flexible bidentate N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beheshti, Azizolla; Lalegani, Arash; Bruno, Giuseppe; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri

    2014-08-01

    Two new coordination compounds [Fe(bib)2(N3)2]n(1) and [Cu2(bpp)2(N3)4] (2) with azide and flexible ligands 1,4-bis(imidazolyl)butane (bib) and 1,3-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)propane (bpp) were prepared and structurally characterized. In the 2D network structure of 1, the iron(II) ion lies on an inversion center and exhibits an FeN6 octahedral arrangement while in the dinuclear structure of 2, the copper(II) ion adopts an FeN5 distorted square pyramid geometry. In the complex 1, each μ2-bib acts as bridging ligand connecting two adjacent iron(II) ions while in the complex 2, the bpp ligand is coordinated to copper(II) ion in a cyclic-bidentate fashion forming an eight-membered metallocyclic ring. Coordination compounds 1 and 2 have been characterized by infrared spectroscopy, elemental analyses and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Thermal analysis of polymer 1 was also studied.

  15. Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermal and antimicrobial studies of toluene-3,4-dithiolatoarsenic(III) derivatives with some oxygen and sulphur donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chauhan, H. P. S.; Bhatiya, Sumit

    2012-11-01

    Replacement reactions of toluene-3,4-dithiolatoarsenic(III) chloride with oxygen and sulphur donor ligands like benzoic acid, thiobenzoic acid, anhydrous sodium acetate, thioacetic acid, phenol, thiophenol, sodium salicylate and thio glycolic acid in 1:1 molar ratio as well as disodium oxalate in 2:1 molar ratio in refluxing anhydrous benzene yielded toluene-3,4-dithiolatoarsenic(III) mono oxo or thio carboxylic or phenolic derivatives of the general formula SC6H3(CH3)SAsR {where R = OOCC6H5, SOCC6H5, OOCCH3, SOCCH3, OC6H5, SC6H5, OOCC6H4(OH), SCH2COOH} and SC6H3(CH3)SAsOOC-COOAsS(CH3)C6H3S. These synthesized derivatives are yellow, yellow-brown solids/ liquids and are soluble in common organic solvents like benzene, chloroform, dichloromethane, dimethyl formamide, dimethyl sulphoxide etc. These derivatives have been characterized by melting point determination, molecular weight determination, elemental analysis (C, H, S and As), spectral {UV, IR, NMR (1H and 13C), ESI-Mass, SEM and powder X-ray diffraction} and thermal (TGA, DTA and DSC) studies. Some of these compounds have been screened for their antimicrobial activities using the disc diffusion method. These derivatives have shown good activity as antibacterial and antifungal agents on some selected bacterial and fungal strains, which increased on increasing the concentration. Chloroamphenicol and terbinafin were used as standards for the comparison.

  16. FAS-ligand regulates differential activation-induced cell death of human T-helper 1 and 17 cells in healthy donors and multiple sclerosis patients

    PubMed Central

    Cencioni, M T; Santini, S; Ruocco, G; Borsellino, G; De Bardi, M; Grasso, M G; Ruggieri, S; Gasperini, C; Centonze, D; Barilá, D; Battistini, L; Volpe, E

    2015-01-01

    Functionally distinct T-helper (Th) subsets orchestrate immune responses. Maintenance of homeostasis through the tight control of inflammatory Th cells is crucial to avoid autoimmune inflammation. Activation-Induced Cell Death (AICD) regulates homeostasis of T cells, and it has never been investigated in human Th cells. We generated stable clones of inflammatory Th subsets involved in autoimmune diseases, such as Th1, Th17 and Th1/17 cells, from healthy donors (HD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and we measured AICD. We find that human Th1 cells are sensitive, whereas Th17 and Th1/17 are resistant, to AICD. In particular, Th1 cells express high level of FAS-ligand (FASL), which interacts with FAS and leads to caspases' cleavage and ultimately to cell death. In contrast, low FASL expression in Th17 and Th1/17 cells blunts caspase 8 activation and thus reduces cell death. Interestingly, Th cells obtained from healthy individuals and MS patients behave similarly, suggesting that this mechanism could explain the persistence of inflammatory IL-17-producing cells in autoimmune diseases, such as MS, where their generation is particularly substantial. PMID:25950471

  17. Synthetic aspects, spectral, thermal studies and antimicrobial screening on bis(N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamato-S,S')antimony(III) complexes with oxo or thio donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Chauhan, H P S; Carpenter, Jaswant; Joshi, Sapana

    2014-09-15

    The bis(N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamato-S,S')antimony(III) complexes have been obtained by the reaction of chloro bis(N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamato-S,S')antimony(III) with corresponding oxo or thio donor ligands such as sodium benzoate 1, sodium thioglycolate 2, phenol 3, sodium 1-propanethiolate 4, potassium thioacetate 5, sodium salicylate 6, ethane-1,2-dithiolate 7 and disodium oxalate 8. These complexes have been characterized by the physicochemical [melting point, molecular weight determination and elemental analysis (C, H, N, S and Sb)], spectral [UV-Visible, FT-IR, far IR, NMR (1H and 13C)], thermogravimetric (TG & DTA) analysis, ESI-Mass and powder X-ray diffraction studies. Thermogravimetric analysis of the complexes confirmed the final decomposition product as highly pure antimony sulfide (Sb2S3) and powder X-ray diffraction studies show that the complexes are in lower symmetry with monoclinic crystal lattice and nano-ranged particle size (11.51-20.82 nm). The complexes have also been screened against some bacterial and fungal strains for their antibacterial and antifungal activities and compared with standard drugs. These show that the complexes have greater activities against some human pathogenic bacteria and fungi than the activities of standard drugs. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of toluene-3,4-dithiolatoantimony(III) derivatives with some oxygen and/or sulphur donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chauhan, H. P. S.; Bhatiya, Sumit; Bakshi, Abhilasha

    2009-09-01

    Replacement reactions of toluene-3,4-dithiolatoantimony(III) chloride with oxygen and/or sulphur donor ligands like benzoic acid, thiobenzoic acid, thioacetic acid, phenol, thiophenol, sodium salicylate and thio glycolic acid in 1:1 molar ratio as well as disodium oxalate in 2:1 molar ratio in refluxing anhydrous benzene yielded toluene-3,4-dithiolatoantimony(III) mono oxo and/or thio carboxylic or phenolic derivatives of the general formula ? {R = OOCC 6H 5, SOCC 6H 5, SOCCH 3, OC 6H 5, SC 6H 5, OOCC 6H 4(OH) and SCH 2COOH} and ? These newly synthesized derivatives are yellow and brown solids/liquids and are soluble in common organic solvents like benzene, chloroform, dichloromethane, etc. These derivatives have been characterized by melting point determination, molecular weight determination, elemental analysis (C, H, S and Sb), spectral {UV, IR and NMR ( 1H and 13C)} and thermal (TGA, DTA and DSC) studies.

  19. Synthetic aspects, spectral, thermal studies and antimicrobial screening on bis(N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamato-S,S‧)antimony(III) complexes with oxo or thio donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chauhan, H. P. S.; Carpenter, Jaswant; Joshi, Sapana

    2014-09-01

    The bis(N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamato-S,S‧)antimony(III) complexes have been obtained by the reaction of chloro bis(N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamato-S,S‧)antimony(III) with corresponding oxo or thio donor ligands such as sodium benzoate 1, sodium thioglycolate 2, phenol 3, sodium 1-propanethiolate 4, potassium thioacetate 5, sodium salicylate 6, ethane-1,2-dithiolate 7 and disodium oxalate 8. These complexes have been characterized by the physicochemical [melting point, molecular weight determination and elemental analysis (C, H, N, S and Sb)], spectral [UV-Visible, FT-IR, far IR, NMR (1H and 13C)], thermogravimetric (TG & DTA) analysis, ESI-Mass and powder X-ray diffraction studies. Thermogravimetric analysis of the complexes confirmed the final decomposition product as highly pure antimony sulfide (Sb2S3) and powder X-ray diffraction studies show that the complexes are in lower symmetry with monoclinic crystal lattice and nano-ranged particle size (11.51-20.82 nm). The complexes have also been screened against some bacterial and fungal strains for their antibacterial and antifungal activities and compared with standard drugs. These show that the complexes have greater activities against some human pathogenic bacteria and fungi than the activities of standard drugs.

  20. Cu(I) dinuclear complexes with tripodal ligands vs monodentate donors: triphenylphosphine, thiourea, and pyridine. A 1H NMR titration study.

    PubMed

    Gennari, Marcello; Lanfranchi, Maurizio; Marchiò, Luciano; Pellinghelli, Maria Angela; Tegoni, Matteo; Cammi, Roberto

    2006-04-17

    NMR titrations with PPh3, Tu. and pyridine (Py), and formation constants for the adducts [DCu(L)] (D = monodentate donor, L = tripodal ligand) were determined.

  1. Structure–function relationships of peptides forming the calcin family of ryanodine receptor ligands

    PubMed Central

    Xiao, Liang; Gurrola, Georgina B.; Zhang, Jing; Valdivia, Carmen R.; SanMartin, Mario; Zamudio, Fernando Z.; Zhang, Liming; Possani, Lourival D.

    2016-01-01

    Calcins are a novel family of scorpion peptides that bind with high affinity to ryanodine receptors (RyRs) and increase their activity by inducing subconductance states. Here, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the structure–function relationships of the eight calcins known to date, based on their primary sequence, three-dimensional modeling, and functional effects on skeletal RyRs (RyR1). Primary sequence alignment and evolutionary analysis show high similarity among all calcins (≥78.8% identity). Other common characteristics include an inhibitor cysteine knot (ICK) motif stabilized by three pairs of disulfide bridges and a dipole moment (DM) formed by positively charged residues clustering on one side of the molecule and neutral and negatively charged residues segregating on the opposite side. [3H]Ryanodine binding assays, used as an index of the open probability of RyRs, reveal that all eight calcins activate RyR1 dose-dependently with Kd values spanning approximately three orders of magnitude and in the following rank order: opicalcin1 > opicalcin2 > vejocalcin > hemicalcin > imperacalcin > hadrucalcin > maurocalcin >> urocalcin. All calcins significantly augment the bell-shaped [Ca2+]-[3H]ryanodine binding curve with variable effects on the affinity constants for Ca2+ activation and inactivation. In single channel recordings, calcins induce the appearance of a subconductance state in RyR1 that has a unique fractional value (∼20% to ∼60% of the full conductance state) but bears no relationship to binding affinity, DM, or capacity to stimulate Ca2+ release. Except for urocalcin, all calcins at 100 nM concentration stimulate Ca2+ release and deplete Ca2+ load from skeletal sarcoplasmic reticulum. The natural variation within the calcin family of peptides offers a diversified set of high-affinity ligands with the capacity to modulate RyRs with high dynamic range and potency. PMID:27114612

  2. Structure-function relationships of peptides forming the calcin family of ryanodine receptor ligands.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Liang; Gurrola, Georgina B; Zhang, Jing; Valdivia, Carmen R; SanMartin, Mario; Zamudio, Fernando Z; Zhang, Liming; Possani, Lourival D; Valdivia, Héctor H

    2016-05-01

    Calcins are a novel family of scorpion peptides that bind with high affinity to ryanodine receptors (RyRs) and increase their activity by inducing subconductance states. Here, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the structure-function relationships of the eight calcins known to date, based on their primary sequence, three-dimensional modeling, and functional effects on skeletal RyRs (RyR1). Primary sequence alignment and evolutionary analysis show high similarity among all calcins (≥78.8% identity). Other common characteristics include an inhibitor cysteine knot (ICK) motif stabilized by three pairs of disulfide bridges and a dipole moment (DM) formed by positively charged residues clustering on one side of the molecule and neutral and negatively charged residues segregating on the opposite side. [(3)H]Ryanodine binding assays, used as an index of the open probability of RyRs, reveal that all eight calcins activate RyR1 dose-dependently with Kd values spanning approximately three orders of magnitude and in the following rank order: opicalcin1 > opicalcin2 > vejocalcin > hemicalcin > imperacalcin > hadrucalcin > maurocalcin > urocalcin. All calcins significantly augment the bell-shaped [Ca(2+)]-[(3)H]ryanodine binding curve with variable effects on the affinity constants for Ca(2+) activation and inactivation. In single channel recordings, calcins induce the appearance of a subconductance state in RyR1 that has a unique fractional value (∼20% to ∼60% of the full conductance state) but bears no relationship to binding affinity, DM, or capacity to stimulate Ca(2+) release. Except for urocalcin, all calcins at 100 nM concentration stimulate Ca(2+) release and deplete Ca(2+) load from skeletal sarcoplasmic reticulum. The natural variation within the calcin family of peptides offers a diversified set of high-affinity ligands with the capacity to modulate RyRs with high dynamic range and potency.

  3. Cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes of a hexadentate pyridine amide ligand. Effect of donor atom (ether vs. thioether) on coordination geometry, spin-state of cobalt and M(III)-M(II) redox potential.

    PubMed

    Pandey, Sharmila; Das, Partha Pratim; Singh, Akhilesh Kumar; Mukherjee, Rabindranath

    2011-10-28

    Using an acyclic hexadentate pyridine amide ligand, containing a -OCH(2)CH(2)O- spacer between two pyridine-2-carboxamide units (1,4-bis[o-(pyrydine-2-carboxamidophenyl)]-1,4-dioxabutane (H(2)L(9)), in its deprotonated form), four new complexes, [Co(II)(L(9))] (1) and its one-electron oxidized counterpart [Co(III)(L(9))][NO(3)]·2H(2)O (2), [Ni(II)(L(9))] (3) and [Cu(II)(L(9))] (4), have been synthesized. Structural analyses revealed that the Co(II) centre in 1 and the Ni(II) centre in 3 are six-coordinate, utilizing all the available donor sites and the Cu(II) centre in 4 is effectively five-coordinated (one of the ether O atoms does not participate in coordination). The structural parameters associated with the change in the metal coordination environment have been compared with corresponding complexes of thioether-containing hexadentate ligands. The μ(eff) values at 298 K of 1-4 correspond to S = 3/2, S = 0, S = 1 and S = 1/2, respectively. Absorption spectra for all the complexes have been investigated. EPR spectral properties of the copper(II) complex 4 have been investigated, simulated and analyzed. Cyclic voltammetric experiments in CH(2)Cl(2) reveal quasireversible Co(III)-Co(II), Ni(III)-Ni(II) and Cu(II)-Cu(I) redox processes. In going from ether O to thioether S coordination, the effect of the metal coordination environment on the redox potential values of Co(III)-Co(II) (here the effect of spin-state as well), Ni(III)-Ni(II) and Cu(II)-Cu(I) processes have been systematically analyzed.

  4. A series of coordination polymers constructed from R-isophthalic acid (R=-SO3H, -NO2, and -OH) and N-donor ligands: Syntheses, structures and fluorescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Yong-Hong; Zhou, Xu-Wan; Zhou, Su-Rong; Tian, Yu-Peng; Wu, Jie-Ying

    2017-01-01

    Six novel Zn(II), Cd(II), and Cu(II) mixed-ligand coordination complexes, namely, [Zn2Na(sip)2(bpp)3(Hbpp)(H2O)2]·8H2O (1), [Cd3(sip)2(nbi)6(H2O)2]·7H2O (2), [Zn(sip)(nbi)2(H2O)]·Hnbi·3H2O (3), [Cd(hip)(nbi)2(H2O)]·nbi·5H2O (4), [Cd2(nip)2(nbi)2(H2O)2]·DMF (5), and [Cu(nip)(nbi)(H2O)2]·H2O (6) (H3sip=5-sulfoisophthalic acid, H2hip=5-hydroxylisophthalic acid, H2nip=5-nitroisophthalic acid, bpp=1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane, and nbi=6-nitrobenzimidazole) have been synthesized hydrothermally by the self-assembly of R-isophthalic acid (R=-SO3H, -NO2, and -OH) and N-donor ligands. Single crystal X-ray analyses reveal that two Zn(II) ions and one Na(I) ion of complex 1 are linked through O atoms to generate a 1D linear chain. Then the 2D supramolecular architectures are constructed via intermolecular interactions. In complex 2, the Cd1 ions are connected by bridging carboxyl groups from sip3- anions to form 1D double chain, which are further connected by Cd2 ions to afford 2D layer structure. The adjacent 2D layers are further linked via hydrogen-bonding interactions to give 3D supramolecular network. Compounds 3-5 show 1D chain structures, which are assembled into 2D or 3D supramolecular frameworks via weak interactions. In compound 6, the Cu(II) ions are bridged by the nip2- ligands to form 48-membered ring, which is assembled into 1Dchain via the π-π stacking interaction. In addition, the thermal stabilities and fluorescence properties of these compounds have also been studied.

  5. Face-driven corner-linked octahedral nanocages: M6L8 cages formed by C3-symmetric triangular facial ligands linked via C4-symmetric square tetratopic Pd(II) ions at truncated octahedron corners.

    PubMed

    Moon, Dohyun; Kang, Sangmi; Park, Jaejoon; Lee, Kyungjae; John, Rohith P; Won, Hosik; Seong, Gi Hun; Kim, Yang Sun; Kim, Ghyung Hwa; Rhee, Hakjune; Lah, Myoung Soo

    2006-03-22

    The face-driven corner-linked truncated octahedral nanocages, [Pd6L8]12+ (1, L1 = N,N',N' '-tris(3-pyridinyl)-1,3,5-benzenetricarboxamide; 2, L2 = N,N',N' '-tris(4-pyridinylmethyl)-1,3,5-benzenetricarboxamide), were prepared with eight C3-symmetric tridentate ligands and six square planar tetratopic palladium(II) ions. The combination of the nitrogen donor atom at a approximately 120 degrees kink position of the carboxamido pyridinyl group and the tilted pyridyl versus the facial plane of the ligands can provide the needed curvature for the formation of octahedral cages. The nitrogen atoms can coordinate to the square planar palladium(II) ions to form kinks with approximately 120 degrees angles at the C4-symmetric square planar corners of the truncated octahedron. Depending on the conformation of the ligand, L1, two different truncated octahedral cages of around 2.4 nm in diameters were formed. The major form of 1 with syn-conformational ligands has a cavity volume of approximately 1600 A3. The cage has 12 ports (3.4 x 3.5 A2) at all edges of the octahedron. The minor form of cage 1 with anti-conformational ligands has a slightly increased cavity volume ( approximately 1900 A3) and port size (3.3 x 8.0 A2). The insertion of a methylene group in L2 has not only increased the cavity volume of 2 to approximately 2200 A3 but also enlarged the port size to 4.1 x 8.0 A2. However, an atomic force microscopy (AFM) study of cage 2 showed that the cages had a height of 1.8 +/- 0.1 nm. This value is about 30% smaller than the calculated size of 2.6 nm from the crystal structure. This tip-induced decrease in height in cage 2 suggests the nonrigidity of cage 2.

  6. N,N'-Dialkyl-N,N'-diaryl-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-dicarboxamides as donor ligands for separation of rare earth elements with a high and unusual selectivity. DFT computational and experimental studies.

    PubMed

    Ustynyuk, Yu A; Borisova, N E; Babain, V A; Gloriozov, I P; Manuilov, A Y; Kalmykov, S N; Alyapyshev, M Yu; Tkachenko, L I; Kenf, E V; Ustynyuk, N A

    2015-05-01

    N,N'-Dialkyl-N,N'-diaryl-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-dicarboxamides (IV) were predicted (DFT simulation) and then were proved experimentally to be efficient donor ligands with high and unusual selectivity for the extraction separation of lanthanides. Distribution coefficients D of lanthanide cations in two-phase aqueous solution-polar organic solvent decrease with increasing Ln(3+) atomic number. The selectivity factors SFLn1/Ln2 for adjacent lanthanide ions were found to be about 3.

  7. DNA interaction, SOD, peroxidase and nuclease activity studies of iron complex having ligand with carboxamido nitrogen donors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Kaushik; Tyagi, Nidhi; Kumar, Hemant; Rathi, Sweety

    2015-07-01

    Complex (Et3HN)[FeIII(bpb)Cl2], 1 {where H2bpb: N,N‧-(1,2-phenylene)bis(pyridine-2-carboxamide)} was synthesized and characterized by reported procedure (Yang et al., 1991). Complex 1 was found to be effective in superoxide scavenging activity and an IC50 value of 4.1 μM was obtained in xanthine-xanthine oxidase nitro blue tetrazolium assay. Peroxidase-like activity of this complex was determined by the oxidation of 2,2‧-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS). DNA interaction studies of complex 1 showed binding of DNA through external or groove binding. Complex 1 exhibited chemical nuclease activity in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and cleaved supercoiled pBR322 DNA to its linear and nicked circular form at physiological pH. Mechanistic studies indicated possible role of hydroxyl radical (radOH) species in DNA cleavage activity via hydroperoxo intermediate: [FeIIIsbnd OOH-]2+ → [FeIVdbnd O]2+ + radOH.

  8. Ligand directed self-assembly vs. metal ion coordination algorithm-when does the ligand or the metal take control?

    PubMed

    Shuvaev, Konstantin V; Abedin, Tareque S M; McClary, Corey A; Dawe, Louise N; Collins, Julie L; Thompson, Laurence K

    2009-04-28

    Polyfunctional hydrazone ligands with multidentate terminal donor groups offer metal ions many donor choices, and the coordination outcome depends mainly on the identity of the metal ion. Co(ii) and Ni(ii) prefer to adopt largely undistorted, six-coordinate geometries, while Cu(ii) can easily adapt to a variety of coordination situations (e.g. CN 4-6), and will optimize its coordination number and stereochemistry based on all the available donors. Ni(ii) and Co(ii) form simple [2 x 2] [M(4)-(micro(2)-O)(4)] square grids with such ditopic hydrazone ligands, and ignore other coordination options, while Cu(ii) tries to bind to all the available donors, and forms extended and 2D structures based on linked Cu(ii) triads rather than grids. Ni(ii) is also reluctant to compromise its desire to maximize its crystal field stabilization energy (CFSE) by binding to 'weak' ligands, and with a tetratopic pyrazole bis-hydrazone ligand it ignores the oxygen donors in favour of nitrogen, forming a novel trinuclear, triangular cluster. Also, reaction of a linear Ni(ii)(3) complex of a tetratopic pyridazine bis-hydrazone ligand with NiN(6) coordination spheres with Cu(ii), leads exclusively to a square Cu(12) grid based complex, and complete displacement of nickel. Structural and magnetic properties are highlighted, and metal-ligand interactions are discussed in detail.

  9. New class of phosphine oxide donor-based supramolecular coordination complexes from an in situ phosphine oxidation reaction or phosphine oxide ligands.

    PubMed

    Shankar, Bhaskaran; Elumalai, Palani; Shanmugam, Ramasamy; Singh, Virender; Masram, Dhanraj T; Sathiyendiran, Malaichamy

    2013-09-16

    A one-pot, multicomponent, coordination-driven self-assembly approach was used to synthesize the first examples of neutral bridging phosphine oxide donor-based supramolecular coordination complexes. The complexes were self-assembled from a fac-Re(CO)3 acceptor, an anionic bridging O donor, and a neutral soft phosphine or hard phosphine oxide donor.

  10. Characterization of a Rhodobacter capsulatus reaction center mutant that enhances the distinction between spectral forms of the initial electron donor.

    PubMed

    Eastman, J E; Taguchi, A K; Lin, S; Jackson, J A; Woodbury, N W

    2000-12-05

    A large scale mutation of the Rhodobacter capsulatus reaction center M-subunit gene, sym2-1, has been constructed in which amino acid residues M205-M210 have been changed to the corresponding L subunit amino acids. Two interconvertable spectral forms of the initial electron donor are observed in isolated reaction centers from this mutant. Which conformation dominates depends on ionic strength, the nature of the detergent used, and the temperature. Reaction centers from this mutant have a ground-state absorbance spectrum that is very similar to wild-type when measured immediately after purification in the presence of high salt. However, upon subsequent dialysis against a low ionic strength buffer or the addition of positively charged detergents, the near-infrared spectral band of P (the initial electron donor) in sym2-1 reaction centers is shifted by over 30 nm to the blue, from 852 to 820 nm. Systematically varying either the ionic strength or the amount of charged detergent reveals an isobestic point in the absorbance spectrum at 845 nm. The wild-type spectrum also shifts with ionic strength or detergent with an isobestic point at 860 nm. The large spectral separation between the two dominant conformational forms of the sym2-1 reaction center makes detailed measurements of each state possible. Both of the spectral forms of P bleach in the presence of light. Electrochemical measurements of the P/P+ midpoint potential of sym2-1 reaction centers show an increase of about 30 mV upon conversion from the long-wavelength form to the short-wavelength form of the mutant. The rate constant of initial electron transfer in both forms of the mutant reaction centers is essentially the same, suggesting that the spectral characteristics of P are not critical for charge separation. The short-wavelength form of P in this mutant also converts to the long-wavelength form as a function of temperature between room temperature and 130 K, again giving rise to an isobestic point, in this

  11. Contrasting coordination behavior of Group 12 perchlorate salts with an acyclic N3O2 donor ligand by X-ray crystallography and (1)H NMR.

    PubMed

    Tice, Daniel B; Pike, Robert D; Bebout, Deborah C

    2016-08-09

    An unbranched N3O2 ligand 2,6-bis[((2-pyridinylmethyl)oxy)methyl]pyridine (L1) was used to prepare new mononuclear heteroleptic Group 12 perchlorate complexes characterized by IR, (1)H NMR and X-ray crystallography. Racemic complexes with pentadentate L1 and one to four oxygens from either water or perchlorate bound to a metal ion were structurally characterized. Octahedral [Zn(L1)(OH2)](ClO4)2 (1) and pentagonal bipyramidal [Cd(L1)(OH2)(OClO3)]ClO4 (2) structures were found with lighter congeners. The polymorphic forms of [Hg(L1)(ClO4)2] characterized (3 in P1[combining macron] and 4 in P21/c) had a mix of monodentate, anisobidentate and bidentate perchlorates, providing the first examples of a tricapped trigonal prismatic Hg(ii) coordination geometry, as well as additional examples of a rare square antiprismatic Hg(ii) coordination geometry. Solution state (1)H NMR characterization of the Group 12 complexes in CD3CN indicated intramolecular reorganization remained rapid under conditions where intermolecular M-L1 exchange was slow on the chemical shift time scale for Zn(ii) and on the J(M(1)H) time scale for Cd(ii) and Hg(ii). Solution studies with more than one equivalent of ligand also suggested that a complex with a 1 : 2 ratio of M : L1 contributed significantly to solution equilibria with Hg(ii) but not the other metal ions. The behavior of related linear pentadentate ligands with Group 12 perchlorate salts is discussed.

  12. Synthesis, characterization, EPR spectroscopy and catalytic activity of a new oxidovanadium(IV) complex with N2O2-donor ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahboubi-Anarjan, Parisa; Bikas, Rahman; Hosseini-Monfared, Hassan; Aleshkevych, Pavlo; Mayer, Peter

    2017-03-01

    A new oxidovanadium(IV) complex, 2[VOL(OH2)] CH3OH (1), was synthesized from the reaction of VO(acac)2 with a symmetric N,O-donor Schiff base ligand (H2L), in which H2L is 6,6'-((1E,1‧E)-((2-hydroxypropane-1,3-diyl)bis(azanylylidene))bis(methanylylidene))bis(2-methoxyphenol). The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic methods. The molecular structure of complex was determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis which indicated that the crystal packing of complex contains two independent mononuclear vanadium complexes connected together by several strong hydrogen bonding interactions. The EPR spectrum of powdered complex 1 at liquid helium temperature showed two intensive octets which proved to be associated with V4+ ions with 3d1 electronic configuration. From EPR spectrum the values of the parameters: g|| = 1.9454 ± 0.0004, g⊥ = 1.9491 ± 0.0004, A|| = 0.0084 ± 0.0008 cm-1 and A⊥ = 0.0033 ± 0.0006 cm-1 were calculated for this complex. Complex 1 was employed as catalyst for oxidation of cyclooctene in the presence of H2O2 as oxidant. In order to obtain the suitable condition of catalytic oxidation, the effect of various parameters including the amount of the catalyst, temperature and solvent was studied. The results of catalytic studies showed that complex 1 can provide an effective and selective catalytic system for epoxidation of cyclooctene.

  13. Syntheses, crystal structures, and characterization of three 1D, 2D and 3D complexes based on mixed multidentate N- and O-donor ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Huai-Xia; Liang, Zhen; Hao, Bao-Lian; Meng, Xiang-Ru

    2014-10-15

    Three new 1D to 3D complexes, namely, ([Ni(btec)(Himb){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·6H{sub 2}O){sub n} (1), ([Cd(btec){sub 0.5}(imb)(H{sub 2}O)]·1.5H{sub 2}O){sub n} (2), and ([Zn(btec){sub 0.5}(imb)]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (3) (H{sub 4}btec=1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid, imb=2-(1H-imidazol-1-methyl)-1H-benzimidazole) have been synthesized by adjusting the central metal ions. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that complex 1 possesses a 1D chain structure which is further extended into the 3D supramolecular architecture via hydrogen bonds. Complex 2 features a 2D network with Schla¨fli symbol (5{sup 3}·6{sup 2}·7)(5{sup 2}·6{sup 4}). Complex 3 presents a 3D framework with a point symbol of (4·6{sup 4}·8)(4{sup 2}·6{sup 2}·8{sup 2}). Moreover, their IR spectra, PXRD patterns, thermogravimetric curves, and luminescent emissions were studied at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Three new 1D to 3D complexes with different structural and topological motifs have been obtained by modifying the central metal ions. Additionally, their IR, TG analyses and fluorescent properties are also investigated. - Highlights: • Three complexes based on mixed multidentate N- and O-donor ligands. • The complexes are characterized by IR, luminescence and TGA techniques. • Benzenetetracarboxylates display different coordination modes in complexes 1–3. • Changing the metal ions can result in complexes with completely different structures.

  14. Syntheses, structures, and properties of transition metal coordination polymers based on a long semirigid tetracarboxylic acid and multidentate N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Peng; Bai, Hui; Bing, Ying-Ying; Hu, Ming

    2016-02-01

    Six transition metal coordination polymers based on a semirigid tetracarboxylic acid and the multidentate N-donor ligands have been synthesized by the hydrothermal method, namely, {[Co(H2obda) (μ2-H2O) (H2O)2]·2H2O}n (1), {[Co(obda)0.5(bpe) (H2O)2]·3H2O}n (2), {[Zn(H2obda) (H2O)4]·H4obda·6H2O}n (3), {[Zn(bpy) (H2O)4]·H2obda}n (4), {[Ni(bpy) (H2O)4]·H2obda}n (5) and {[Cu(H2obda) (bpy)2]}n (6) (H4obda = 1,4-bis(4-oxy-1,2-benzene dicarboxylic acid)benzene, bpe = 1,2-Bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene), bpy = 4,4‧-bipyridine). Compounds 1-6 were structurally characterized by the elemental analyses, infrared spectra, and single crystal X-ray diffractions. Compounds 1-2 exhibit the 2D quadrilateral and polygonal layered grid structures, respectively; a 3D supramolecular structure of 2 has been build via π···π and hydrogen bonds interactions. Compounds 3-6 reveal the 1D zigzag and linear chains structures, respectively; furthermore, 3-5 display the diverse 3D supramolecular structures via hydrogen bonds, respectively. The 1-D infinite water chain in 3 has been found between the lattice water molecules. In addition, the thermogravimetric analyses of 1-6, magnetic property of 1, and photoluminescence of 3-4 have been investigated, respectively.

  15. Synthesis of N4 donor macrocyclic Schiff base ligands and their Ru (II), Pd (II), Pt (II) metal complexes for biological studies and catalytic oxidation of didanosine in pharmaceuticals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ravi krishna, E.; Muralidhar Reddy, P.; Sarangapani, M.; Hanmanthu, G.; Geeta, B.; Shoba Rani, K.; Ravinder, V.

    2012-11-01

    A series of tetraaza (N4 donor) macrocyclic ligands (L1-L4) were derived from the condensation of o-phthalaldehyde (OPA) with some substituted aromatic amines/azide, and subsequently used to synthesize the metal complexes of Ru(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II). The structures of macrocyclic ligands and their metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H &13C NMR, mass and electronic spectroscopy, thermal, magnetic and conductance measurements. Both the ligands and their complexes were screened for their antibacterial activities against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria by MIC method. Besides, these macrocyclic complexes were investigated as catalysts in the oxidation of pharmaceutical drug didanosine. The oxidized products were further treated with sulphanilic acid to develop the colored products to determine by spectrophotometrically. The current oxidation method is an environmentally friendly, simple to set-up, requires short reaction time, produces high yields and does not require co-oxidant.

  16. Solid-state and solution-state coordination chemistry of the zinc triad with the mixed N,S donor ligand bis(2-methylpyridyl) sulfide.

    PubMed

    Berry, Steven M; Bebout, Deborah C; Butcher, Raymond J

    2005-01-10

    The binding of group 12 metal ions to bis(2-methylpyridyl) sulfide (1) was investigated by X-ray crystallography and NMR. Seven structures of the chloride and perchlorate salts of Hg(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II) with 1 are reported. Hg(1)(2)(ClO(4))(2), Cd(1)(2)(ClO(4))(2), and Zn(1)(2)(ClO(4))(2).CH(3)CN form mononuclear, six-coordinate species in the solid state with 1 binding in a tridentate coordination mode. Hg(1)(2)(ClO(4))(2) has a distorted trigonal prismatic coordination geometry while Cd(1)(2)(ClO(4))(2) and Zn(1)(2)(ClO(4))(2).CH(3)CN have distorted octahedral geometries. With chloride anions, the 1:1 metal to ligand complexes Hg(1)Cl(2), [Cd(1)Cl(2)](2), and Zn(1)Cl(2) are formed. A bidentate binding mode that lacks thioether coordination is observed for 1 in the four-coordinate, distorted tetrahedral complexes Zn(1)Cl(2) and Hg(1)Cl(2). [Cd(1)Cl(2)](2) is dimeric with a distorted octahedral coordination geometry and a tridentate 1. Hg(1)Cl(2) is comprised of pairs of loosely associated monomers and Zn(1)Cl(2) is monomeric. In addition, Hg(2)(1)Cl(4) is formed with alternating chloride and thioether bridges. The distorted square pyramidal Hg(II) centers result in a supramolecular zigzagging chain in the solid state. The solution (1)H NMR spectra of [Hg(1)(2)](2+) and [Hg(1)(NCCH(3))(x)()](2+) reveal (3)(-)(5)J((199)Hg(1)H) due to slow ligand exchange found in these thioether complexes. Implications for use of Hg(II) as a metallobioprobe are discussed.

  17. Synthesis, crystal structure, DFT study and photocatalytic property of a new Ni(II) complex of a symmetric N2O4-donor bis-Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hu; Meng, Xiangmin; Fan, Chuanbin; Fan, Yuhua; Bi, Caifeng

    2016-03-01

    A new complex, Ni(C22H26N2O10S2)·2CH3OH, with a sexidentate (N2O4) symmetric bis-Schiff base ligand (C22H26N2O10S2 = 1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-2-aminoethane-sulfonic acid) has been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The X-ray crystal structure shows that the Ni(II) atom of the complex is six-coordinated by two nitrogens from Cdbnd N groups, two oxygens from ether groups and two hydroxyl oxygens from sulfonic acid groups in the mono-ligand, forming a distorted octahedral geometry. Theoretical study of the complex is carried out by density functional theory (DFT) method and the B3LYP method employing the 6-3l+G* basis set. Moreover, the complex proved to be good candidate for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue.

  18. Communication: Free energy of ligand-receptor systems forming multimeric complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Di Michele, Lorenzo; Bachmann, Stephan J.; Parolini, Lucia; Mognetti, Bortolo M.

    2016-04-01

    Ligand-receptor interactions are ubiquitous in biology and have become popular in materials in view of their applications to programmable self-assembly. Although complex functionalities often emerge from the simultaneous interaction of more than just two linker molecules, state of the art theoretical frameworks enable the calculation of the free energy only in systems featuring one-to-one ligand/receptor binding. In this Communication, we derive a general formula to calculate the free energy of systems featuring simultaneous direct interaction between an arbitrary number of linkers. To exemplify the potential and generality of our approach, we apply it to the systems recently introduced by Parolini et al. [ACS Nano 10, 2392 (2016)] and Halverson and Tkachenko [J. Chem. Phys. 144, 094903 (2016)], both featuring functionalized Brownian particles interacting via three-linker complexes.

  19. Communication: Free energy of ligand-receptor systems forming multimeric complexes.

    PubMed

    Di Michele, Lorenzo; Bachmann, Stephan J; Parolini, Lucia; Mognetti, Bortolo M

    2016-04-28

    Ligand-receptor interactions are ubiquitous in biology and have become popular in materials in view of their applications to programmable self-assembly. Although complex functionalities often emerge from the simultaneous interaction of more than just two linker molecules, state of the art theoretical frameworks enable the calculation of the free energy only in systems featuring one-to-one ligand/receptor binding. In this Communication, we derive a general formula to calculate the free energy of systems featuring simultaneous direct interaction between an arbitrary number of linkers. To exemplify the potential and generality of our approach, we apply it to the systems recently introduced by Parolini et al. [ACS Nano 10, 2392 (2016)] and Halverson and Tkachenko [J. Chem. Phys. 144, 094903 (2016)], both featuring functionalized Brownian particles interacting via three-linker complexes.

  20. Observed bromodomain flexibility reveals histone peptide- and small molecule ligand-compatible forms of ATAD2.

    PubMed

    Poncet-Montange, Guillaume; Zhan, Yanai; Bardenhagen, Jennifer P; Petrocchi, Alessia; Leo, Elisabetta; Shi, Xi; Lee, Gilbert R; Leonard, Paul G; Geck Do, Mary K; Cardozo, Mario G; Andersen, Jannik N; Palmer, Wylie S; Jones, Philip; Ladbury, John E

    2015-03-01

    Preventing histone recognition by bromodomains emerges as an attractive therapeutic approach in cancer. Overexpression of ATAD2 (ATPase family AAA domain-containing 2 isoform A) in cancer cells is associated with poor prognosis making the bromodomain of ATAD2 a promising epigenetic therapeutic target. In the development of an in vitro assay and identification of small molecule ligands, we conducted structure-guided studies which revealed a conformationally flexible ATAD2 bromodomain. Structural studies on apo-, peptide-and small molecule-ATAD2 complexes (by co-crystallization) revealed that the bromodomain adopts a 'closed', histone-compatible conformation and a more 'open' ligand-compatible conformation of the binding site respectively. An unexpected conformational change of the conserved asparagine residue plays an important role in driving the peptide-binding conformation remodelling. We also identified dimethylisoxazole-containing ligands as ATAD2 binders which aided in the validation of the in vitro screen and in the analysis of these conformational studies.

  1. Systematic analysis of the ability of Nitric Oxide donors to dislodge biofilms formed by Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli O157:H7

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Biofilms in the industrial environment could be problematic. Encased in extracellular polymeric substances, pathogens within biofilms are significantly more resistant to chlorine and other disinfectants. Recent studies suggest that compounds capable of manipulating nitric oxide-mediated signaling in bacteria could induce dispersal of sessile bacteria and provide a foundation for novel approaches to controlling biofilms formed by some microorganisms. In this work, we compared the ability of five nitric oxide donors (molsidomine, MAHMA NONOate, diethylamine NONOate, diethylamine NONOate diethylammonium salt, spermine NONOate) to dislodge biofilms formed by non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica and pathogenic E. coli on plastic and stainless steel surfaces at different temperatures. All five nitric oxide donors induced significant (35-80%) dispersal of biofilms, however, the degree of dispersal and the optimal dispersal conditions varied. MAHMA NONOate and molsidomine were strong dispersants of the Salmonella biofilms formed on polystyrene. Importantly, molsidomine induced dispersal of up to 50% of the pre-formed Salmonella biofilm at 4°C, suggesting that it could be effective even under refrigerated conditions. Biofilms formed by E. coli O157:H7 were also significantly dispersed. Nitric oxide donor molecules were highly active within 6 hours of application. To better understand mode of action of these compounds, we identified Salmonella genomic region recA-hydN, deletion of which led to an insensitivity to the nitric oxide donors. PMID:24995149

  2. Biologically active macromolecular forms of oxytocin. [8-Lysine]oxytocin as a suitable ligand.

    PubMed Central

    Snell, C R; Smyth, D G

    1977-01-01

    [8-Lysine]oxytocin was synthesized on a solid support and possessed an oxytocic activity of 100 +/- 6 units mumol on the isolated rat uterus. The epsilon-carbamoyl, epsilon-3-carboxypropionyl and epsilon-3-carboxybutryl derivatives were prepared and had uterotonic activities of 400, 55 and 50 units/mumol respectively. [8-Lysine]oxytocin was coupled unambiguously through the epsilon-amino group to the carboxyl groups of carboxymethylated dextrans or epsilon-3-carboxypropionly-gelatin. The macromolecular oxytocins were water-soluble and retained signigicant oxytocic activity. [8-Lysine]oxytocin should prove a useful ligand for affinity chromatography of oxytocin-binding proteins. PMID:889573

  3. Donor acceptor complexes of noble gases.

    PubMed

    Mück, Leonie Anna; Timoshkin, Alexey Y; von Hopffgarten, Moritz; Frenking, Gernot

    2009-03-25

    Donor-acceptor (DA) complexes of noble gases (Ng) of the general type A <-- Ng <-- D (A = Lewis acid, D = Lewis base) have been theoretically studied using ab initio and DFT methods. Chemical bonding in these compounds is realized via a 3-center 4-electron bond, which is formed by a lone pair of the noble gas, a lone pair of the donor molecule and a vacant orbital of the acceptor molecule. Detailed bonding analysis of the model compounds F(3)Al-Ng-NH(3) reveals that Ng-ammonia interaction is repulsive due to Pauli repulsion. Bonding interaction between Ng and N is mostly electrostatic. In contrast, strong orbital interactions are responsible for the attractive interactions between Ng and AlF(3). Due to the repulsive interactions with the donor molecule and a sizable reorganization energy of the acceptor molecule, optimization attempts of the A <-- Ng <-- D compounds, which feature individual donor and acceptor molecules, always lead to the dissociation of the complex and eventual formation of free Ng. To overcome this obstacle, the concept of a rigid C(3v) symmetric cryptand-type ligand, which features spacially separated pyramidalized donor and acceptor fragments, is introduced. Such "push-pull" ligands are predicted to exothermically form complexes with noble gases. These are the first examples of the thermodynamically stable Ar and Kr compounds. Application of the push-pull cryptand ligands featuring multiple (two and three) donor-acceptor induced chemical bonds is expected to yield stable complexes with virtually any electron-rich element in the periodic table.

  4. Fluorescence and electron paramagnetic resonance studies of norfloxacin and N-donor mixed-ligand ternary copper(II) complexes: Stability and interaction with SDS micelles.

    PubMed

    Vignoli Muniz, Gabriel S; Incio, Jimmy Llontop; Alves, Odivaldo C; Krambrock, Klaus; Teixeira, Letícia R; Louro, Sonia R W

    2017-08-05

    The stability of ternary copper(II) complexes of a heterocyclic ligand, L (L being 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen)) and the fluorescent antibacterial agent norfloxacin (NFX) as the second ligand was studied at pH7.4 and different ionic strengths. Fluorescence quenching upon titration of NFX with the binary complexes allowed to obtain stability constants for NFX binding, Kb, as a function of ionic strength. The Kb values vary by more than two orders of magnitude when buffer concentration varies from 0.5 to 100mM. It was observed that previously synthesized ternary complexes dissociate in buffer according with the obtained stability constants. This shows that equimolar solutions of NFX and binary complexes are equivalent to solutions of synthesized ternary complexes. The interaction of the ternary copper complexes with anionic SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate) micelles was studied by fluorescence and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Titration of NFX-loaded SDS micelles with the complexes Cu:L allowed to determine the stability constants inside the micelles. Fluorescence quenching demonstrated that SDS micelles increase the stability constants by factors around 50. EPR spectra gave details of the copper(II) local environment, and demonstrated that the structure of the ternary complexes inside SDS micelles is different from that in buffer. Mononuclear ternary complexes formed inside the micelles, while in buffer most ternary complexes are binuclear. The results show that anionic membrane interfaces increase formation of copper fluoroquinolone complexes, which can influence bioavailability, membrane diffusion, and mechanism of action of the antibiotics. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Cobalt(III) Werner Complexes with 1,2-Diphenylethylenediamine Ligands: Readily Available, Inexpensive, and Modular Chiral Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts for Enantioselective Organic Synthesis.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Kyle G; Ghosh, Subrata K; Bhuvanesh, Nattamai; Gladysz, John A

    2015-03-25

    In the quest for new catalysts that can deliver single enantiomer pharmaceuticals and agricultural chemicals, chemists have extensively mined the "chiral pool", with little in the way of inexpensive, readily available building blocks now remaining. It is found that Werner complexes based upon the D3 symmetric chiral trication [Co(en)3](3+) (en = 1,2-ethylenediamine), which features an earth abundant metal and cheap ligand type, and was among the first inorganic compounds resolved into enantiomers 103 years ago, catalyze a valuable carbon-carbon bond forming reaction, the Michael addition of malonate esters to nitroalkenes, in high enantioselectivities and without requiring inert atmosphere conditions. The title catalysts, [Co((S,S)-dpen)3](3+) ((S,S)-3 (3+)) 3X(-), employ a commercially available chiral ligand, (S,S)-1,2-diphenylethylenediamine. The rates and ee values are functions of the configuration of the cobalt center (Λ/Δ) and the counteranions, which must be lipophilic to solubilize the trication in nonaqueous media. The highest enantioselectivities are obtained with Λ and 2Cl(-)BArf (-), 2BF4 (-)BArf (-), or 3BF4 (-) salts (BArf (-) = B(3,5-C6H3(CF3)2)4 (-)). The substrates are not activated by metal coordination, but rather by second coordination sphere hydrogen bonding involving the ligating NH2 groups. Crystal structures and NMR data indicate enthalpically stronger interactions with the NH moieties related by the C3 symmetry axis, as opposed to those related by the C2 symmetry axes; rate trends and other observations suggest this to be the catalytically active site. Both Λ- and Δ-(S,S)-3 (3+) 2Cl(-)BArf (-) are effective catalysts for additions of β-ketoesters to RO2CN=NCO2R species (99-86% yields, 81-76% ee), which provide carbon-nitrogen bonds and valuable precursors to α-amino acids.

  6. Cobalt(III) Werner Complexes with 1,2-Diphenylethylenediamine Ligands: Readily Available, Inexpensive, and Modular Chiral Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts for Enantioselective Organic Synthesis

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    In the quest for new catalysts that can deliver single enantiomer pharmaceuticals and agricultural chemicals, chemists have extensively mined the “chiral pool”, with little in the way of inexpensive, readily available building blocks now remaining. It is found that Werner complexes based upon the D3 symmetric chiral trication [Co(en)3]3+ (en = 1,2-ethylenediamine), which features an earth abundant metal and cheap ligand type, and was among the first inorganic compounds resolved into enantiomers 103 years ago, catalyze a valuable carbon–carbon bond forming reaction, the Michael addition of malonate esters to nitroalkenes, in high enantioselectivities and without requiring inert atmosphere conditions. The title catalysts, [Co((S,S)-dpen)3]3+ ((S,S)-33+) 3X–, employ a commercially available chiral ligand, (S,S)-1,2-diphenylethylenediamine. The rates and ee values are functions of the configuration of the cobalt center (Λ/Δ) and the counteranions, which must be lipophilic to solubilize the trication in nonaqueous media. The highest enantioselectivities are obtained with Λ and 2Cl–BArf–, 2BF4–BArf–, or 3BF4– salts (BArf– = B(3,5-C6H3(CF3)2)4–). The substrates are not activated by metal coordination, but rather by second coordination sphere hydrogen bonding involving the ligating NH2 groups. Crystal structures and NMR data indicate enthalpically stronger interactions with the NH moieties related by the C3 symmetry axis, as opposed to those related by the C2 symmetry axes; rate trends and other observations suggest this to be the catalytically active site. Both Λ- and Δ-(S,S)-33+ 2Cl–BArf– are effective catalysts for additions of β-ketoesters to RO2CN=NCO2R species (99–86% yields, 81–76% ee), which provide carbon–nitrogen bonds and valuable precursors to α-amino acids. PMID:27162946

  7. Chemistry of HIV-1 virucidal Pt complexes having neglected bidentate sp2 N-donor carrier ligands with linked triazine and pyridine rings. synthesis, NMR spectral features, structure, and reaction with guanosine.

    PubMed

    Maheshwari, Vidhi; Bhattacharyya, Debadeep; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Patricia A; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2006-09-04

    Complexes of the types LPtCl2 and [L2Pt]X2 [L = substituted 3-(pyridin-2'-yl)-1,2,4-triazine] were synthesized and characterized by NMR spectroscopy and, for the first time, by X-ray crystallography in an effort to determine the coordination properties of this novel class of inorganic medicinal agents possessing HIV-1 virucidal activity. The agents containing either one or two sp2 N-donor bidentate ligands are referred to as ptt (platinum triazine) agents. The X-ray structures of three LPtCl2 compounds revealed the expected pseudo-square-planar geometry. The X-ray structure of [(pyPh2t)2Pt](BF4)2 [pyPh2t = 3-(pyridin-2'-yl)-5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazine] has the expected trans relationship of the unsymmetrical L and is essentially planar, an unusual property for a Pt(II) complex with two bidentate sp2 N donors. HIV-1 is an RNA virus; the guanosine ribonucleoside (Guo) binds (MepyMe2t)PtCl2 at both (inequivalent) available coordination sites to form [(MepyMe2t)Pt(Guo)2]2+ [MepyMe2t = 3-(4'-methylpyridin-2'-yl)-5,6-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazine]. This adduct has four nearly equally intense Guo H8 signals attributed to two pairs of head-to-tail (HT) and head-to-head (HH) conformers, which interchange rapidly within each pair. However, equilibration between pairs requires rotation of the Guo cis to the MepyMe2t pyridyl ring, and the H6' proton on this ring projects toward the Guo and hinders Guo rotation about the Pt-N7 bond. Thus, the HT/HH pairs do not interchange; such behavior is rare. Guo did not add to [(MepyMe2t)2Pt]2+, a result suggesting the possibility that the virucidal activity of LPtCl2 and [L2Pt]2+ ptt agents arises respectively from covalent and noncovalent (possibly intercalative interactions favored by [L2Pt]2+ planarity) binding to biomolecular targets.

  8. A novel thermally stable hydroperoxo-copper(II) complex in a Cu(N2O2) chromophore of a potential N4O2 donor Schiff base ligand: synthesis, structure and catalytic studies.

    PubMed

    Biswas, Surajit; Dutta, Arpan; Debnath, Mainak; Dolai, Malay; Das, Kalyan K; Ali, Mahammad

    2013-09-28

    The generation and study of metal-hydroperoxo/metal-peroxo (LCu(II)-OOH or LCu(II)-OO˙) complexes is a fascinating area of research of many chemical and biochemical researchers, because of their involvement as active intermediates in many biological and industrial catalytic oxidation processes. For this purpose we have designed a bulky hexa-coordinating ligand with potential N4O2 donor atoms which could provide an opportunity to synthesize a mononuclear Cu(II) complex with an aim to utilize it in the catalytic oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons by an environmentally benign oxidant, H2O2. The Cu(II) complex (1) was structurally characterized and found to have square-planar geometry with the two pyrazolyl groups remaining in dangling mode. A novel mononuclear complex [Et3NH][LCu(II)-OOH] (2) was found to form in the reaction between 1 and H2O2 in the presence of Et3N. The presence of this dangling groups favours the stability of hydroperoxo species, [LCu-OOH](-) (2) through H-bonding with the coordinated phenoxo oxygen atom, which was confirmed by ESI-MS(+) and MS(-) (m/z) mass analysis and DFT calculations. This complex was found to be thermally stable at room temperature [k(d) = (5.67 ± 0.03) × 10(-5) s(-1) at 25 °C] and may be due to the formation of O-O-H···O(phenoxo) H-bonding as delineated by the DFT calculations. Complex 1 was found to be an efficient catalyst for the oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons to the corresponding aldehyde and alcohol in 2:1 mole ratio with TON ~300.

  9. Metallomacrocycles as anion receptors: combining hydrogen bonding and ion pair based hosts formed from Ag(I) salts and flexible bis- and tris-pyrimidine ligands.

    PubMed

    Tasada, Andres; Albertí, Francisca M; Bauzá, Antonio; Barceló-Oliver, Miquel; García-Raso, Angel; Fiol, Juan J; Molins, Elies; Caubet, Amparo; Frontera, Antonio

    2013-05-28

    Two self-assembled hosts are formed from Ag(I) salts and bis-pyrimidyl ligands and X-ray characterized. Both are able to incorporate two anions into the structure combining hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions.

  10. Capture of molybdenum in pyrite-forming sediments: role of ligand-induced reduction by polysulfides 1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vorlicek, Trent P.; Kahn, Mani D.; Kasuya, Yasuhiro; Helz, George R.

    2004-02-01

    Capture of Mo by FeS 2 is an important sink for marine Mo. X-ray spectroscopy has shown that Mo forms Mo-Fe-S cuboidal clusters on pyrite. Reduction of Mo VI must occur to stabilize these structures. Sulfide alone is a poor reductant for Mo, producing instead a series of Mo VI thioanions (MoO xS 4-x2-, x = 0-3). In solutions that contain both H 2S and S 0-donors (i.e. polysulfides; dissolved S 8), Mo is transformed to Mo IV or Mo V2 polysulfide/sulfide anions. This intramolecular reduction requires no external reducing agent. Remarkably, an oxidizing agent (S 0 donor), rather than a reducing agent, stabilizes the reducible Mo VI complex. Thiomolybdates and their reduction products do not precipitate spontaneously; solutions supersaturated by 10 9 with respect to molybdenite, MoS 2, produce no precipitate in 40 days. In 10-minute exposures, pyrite can scavenge MoOS 32- and MoS 42- weakly at mildly alkaline pH but can scavenge an unidentified product of the S 0-induced reduction of MoOS 32- very strongly. On the basis of these observations, a reaction pathway for Mo capture by pyrite is proposed. Conditions that favor Mo capture by this pathway also favor pyrite growth. Ascribing Mo capture simply to low redox potential is too simplistic and neglects the likely role of oxidizing S 0-donors. The aqueous speciation of Mo in anoxic environments will be a function of the activity of zero-valent sulfur as well as the activity of H 2S(aq).

  11. Effect of the addition of a fused donor-acceptor ligand on a Ru(II) complex: synthesis, characterization, and photoinduced electron transfer reactions of [Ru(TTF-dppz)2(Aqphen)]2+.

    PubMed

    Dupont, Nathalie; Ran, Ying-Fen; Jia, Hong-Peng; Grilj, Jakob; Ding, Jie; Liu, Shi-Xia; Decurtins, Silvio; Hauser, Andreas

    2011-04-18

    The synthesis and the photophysical properties of the complex [Ru(TTF-dppz)(2)(Aqphen)](2+) (TTF = tetrathiafulvalene, dppz = dipyrido-[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine, Aqphen = anthraquinone fused to phenanthroline via a pyrazine bridge) are described. In this molecular triad excitation into the metal-ligand charge transfer bands results in the creation of a long-lived charge separated state with TTF acting as electron donor and anthraquinone as terminal acceptor. The lifetime of the charge-separated state is 400 ns in dichloromethane at room temperature. A mechanism for the charge separation involving an intermediate charge-separated state is proposed based on transient absorption spectroscopy.

  12. Cages with tetrahedron-like topology formed from the combination of cyclotricatechylene ligands with metal cations.

    PubMed

    Abrahams, Brendan F; FitzGerald, Nicholas J; Robson, Richard

    2010-04-06

    Cage the elephant: anionic tetrahedral assemblies, formed from the combination of cyclotricatechylene anions with transition metal ions, such as vanadium, contain large internal cavities that can act as hosts for alkali metal ions and solvent molecules. With appropriate metal centers, the anionic units can be linked together to form highly symmetric coordination polymers (V blue, O red, C black).

  13. Peptide ligands specific to the oxidized form of escherichia coli thioredoxin.

    SciTech Connect

    Scholle, M. D.; Banach, B. S.; Hamdan, S. M.; Richardson, C. C.; Kay, B. K.; Biosciences Division; Amunix, Inc.; Univ. of Illinois at Chicago; Harvard Medical School

    2008-11-01

    Thioredoxin (Trx) is a highly conserved redox protein involved in several essential cellular processes. In this study, our goal was to isolate peptide ligands to Escherichia coli Trx that mimic protein-protein interactions, specifically the T7 polymerase-Trx interaction. To do this, we subjected Trx to affinity selection against a panel of linear and cysteine-constrained peptides using M13 phage display. A novel cyclized conserved peptide sequence, with a motif of C(D/N/S/T/G)D(S/T)-hydrophobic-C-X-hydrophobic-P, was isolated to Trx. These peptides bound specifically to the E. coli Trx when compared to the human and spirulina homologs. An alanine substitution of the active site cysteines (CGPC) resulted in a significant loss of peptide binding affinity to the Cys-32 mutant. The peptides were also characterized in the context of Trx's role as a processivity factor of the T7 DNA polymerase (gp5). As the interaction between gp5 and Trx normally takes place under reducing conditions, which might interfere with the conformation of the disulfide-bridged peptides, we made use of a 22 residue deletion mutant of gp5 in the thioredoxin binding domain (gp5{Delta}22) that bypassed the requirements of reducing conditions to interact with Trx. A competition study revealed that the peptide selectively inhibits the interaction of gp5{Delta}22 with Trx, under oxidizing conditions, with an IC50 of {approx} 10 {micro}M.

  14. Voltammetric determination of ruthenium in the form of complexes with biologically active ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Medyantseva, E.P.; Budnikov, G.K.; Balakaeva, T.A.

    1992-02-10

    The interest in the analytical chemistry of ruthenium and its compounds has recently been increasing. Ruthenium compounds can be used an antitumor agents and in the treatment of tuberculosis and fungal infections. It has been suggested that there is a specific relationship between the reduction potentials of the compounds and their biological activity. Of greatest interest among the biologically active compounds are the compounds with nitrogen-containing heterocycles. In order to obtain information on the degree of oxidation of the central atom in the complexes and to select the optimum conditions for the determination of the mono- and bi-nuclear complexes of ruthenium compounds with biologically active ligands such as imidazole (Im), histidine (His), benzimidazole (BIm) and its methyl derivative [1,2(CH{sub 3}){sub 2} - BIm], benzohyroxamic acid (Bha), and 1-phenyl-2-methylamino-1-propanol or ephedrine (Eph) in the present work, the authors studied their electrochemical behavior at dropping mercury (dme) and a platinum electrodes. 6 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  15. Microwave-assisted synthesis, characterization and biological screening of nitrogen-sulphur and nitrogen-oxygen donor ligands and their organotin(IV) complexes.

    PubMed

    Singh, R V; Chaudhary, Pratibha; Poonia, Kavita; Chauhan, Shikha

    2008-08-01

    Series of new trigonal bipyramidal and octahedral complexes of tin(IV) have been synthesized by the reaction of dimethyltin(IV) dichloride with 4-nitro-benzanilidethiosemicarbazone (L(1)H), 4-chlorobenzanilidethiosemicarbazone (L(2)H), 4-nitrobenzanilidesemicarbazone (L(3)H) and 4-chlorobenzanilidesemicarbazone (L(4)H). The unimolecular and bimolecular reactions of dimethyltin(IV) dichloride and monobasic bidentate ligands were carried out using microwave irradiations as the thermal energy source and the complexes so formed were characterized by elemental analysis, conductance measurements, molecular weight determinations and spectral data, viz. IR, UV-vis, (1)H and (13)C NMR. The complexes have also been prepared by the general thermal methods for comparison purposes. The comparison data support the synthesis using the microwave route, i.e. green chemistry route. The tin(IV) complexes show penta-coordinated structure for 1:1 complexes and hexa-coordinated for 1:2 complexes. The antifungal, antibacterial and antifertility activities have been examined and the results were indeed very encouraging.

  16. CO and O2 binding to pseudo-tetradentate ligand-copper(I) complexes with a variable N-donor moiety: kinetic/thermodynamic investigation reveals ligand-induced changes in reaction mechanism.

    PubMed

    Lucas, Heather R; Meyer, Gerald J; Karlin, Kenneth D

    2010-09-22

    The kinetics, thermodynamics, and coordination dynamics are reported for O(2) and CO 1:1 binding to a series of pseudo-tetradentate ligand-copper(I) complexes ((D)LCu(I)) to give Cu(I)/O(2) and Cu(I)/CO product species. Members of the (D)LCu(I) series possess an identical tridentate core structure where the cuprous ion binds to the bispicolylamine (L) fragment. (D)L also contains a fourth variable N-donor moiety {D = benzyl (Bz); pyridyl (Py); imidazolyl (Im); dimethylamino (NMe(2)); (tert-butylphenyl)pyridyl (TBP); quinolyl (Q)}. The structural characteristics of (D)LCu(I)-CO and (D)LCu(I) are detailed, with X-ray crystal structures reported for (TBP)LCu(I)-CO, (Bz)LCu(I)-CO, and (Q)LCu(I). Infrared studies (solution and solid-state) confirm that (D)LCu(I)-CO possess the same four-coordinate core structure in solution with the variable D moiety "dangling", i.e., not coordinated to the copper(I) ion. Other trends observed for the present series appear to derive from the degree to which the D-group interacts with the cuprous ion center. Electrochemical studies reveal close similarities of behavior for (Im)LCu(I) and (NMe(2))LCu(I) (as well as for (TBP)LCu(I) and (Q)LCu(I)), which relate to the O(2) binding kinetics and thermodynamics. Equilibrium CO binding data (K(CO), ΔH°, ΔS°) were obtained by conducting UV-visible spectrophotometric CO titrations, while CO binding kinetics and thermodynamics (k(CO), ΔH(double dagger), ΔS(double dagger)) were measured through variable-temperature (193-293 K) transient absorbance laser flash photolysis experiments, λ(ex) = 355 nm. Carbon monoxide dissociation rate constants (k(-CO)) and corresponding activation parameters (ΔH(double dagger), ΔS(double dagger)) have also been obtained. CO binding to (D)LCu(I) follows an associative mechanism, with the increased donation from D leading to higher k(CO) values. Unlike observations from previous work, the K(CO) values increased as the k(CO) and k(-CO) values declined; the

  17. Hydrogen bonded binary molecular adducts derived from exobidentate N-donor ligand with dicarboxylic acids: Acid⋯imidazole hydrogen-bonding interactions in neutral and ionic heterosynthons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kathalikkattil, Amal Cherian; Damodaran, Subin; Bisht, Kamal Kumar; Suresh, Eringathodi

    2011-01-01

    Four new binary molecular compounds between a flexible exobidentate N-heterocycle and a series of dicarboxylic acids have been synthesized. The N-donor 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (bix) was reacted with flexible and rigid dicarboxylic acids viz., cyclohexane-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (H 2chdc), naphthalene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (H 2npdc) and 1H-pyrazole-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (H 2pzdc), generating four binary molecular complexes. X-ray crystallographic investigation of the molecular adducts revealed the primary intermolecular interactions carboxylic acid⋯amine (via O-H⋯N) as well as carboxylate⋯protonated amine (via N-H +⋯O -) within the binary compounds, generating layered and two-dimensional sheet type H-bonded networks involving secondary weak interactions (C-H⋯O) including the solvent of crystallization. Depending on the differences in p Ka values of the selected base/acid (Δp Ka), diverse H-bonded supramolecular assemblies could be premeditated. This study demonstrates the H-bonding interactions between imidazole/imidazolium cation and carboxylic acid/carboxylate anion in providing sufficient driving force for the directed assembly of binary molecular complexes. In the two-component solid form of hetero synthons involving bix and dicarboxylic acid, only H 2chdc exist as cocrystal with bix, while all the other three compounds crystallized exclusively as salt, in agreement with the Δp Ka values predicted for the formation of salts/cocrystals from the base and acid used in the synthesis of supramolecular solids.

  18. Performance of the Effective Core Potentials of Ca, Hg and Pb in Complexes with Ligands Containing N and O Donor Atoms.

    SciTech Connect

    Ramirez, Jose Z.; Vargas, Rubicelia; Garza, Jorge; Hay, Benjamin P.

    2006-11-01

    This paper presents a systematic study of the performance of the relativistic effective core potentials (RECPs) proposed by Stoll-Preuss, Christiansen-Ermler and Hay-Wadt for Ca2+, Hg2+ and Pb2+. The RECPs performance is studied when these cations are combined with ethylene glycol, 2-aminoethanol and ethylenediamine to form bidentate complexes. First, the description of the bidentate ligands is analyzed with the Kohn-Sham method by using SVWN, BLYP and B3LYP exchange-correlation functionals and they are compared with the Moeller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2), for all these methods the TZVP basis set was used. We found that the BLYP exchange-correlation functional gives similar results that those obtained by the B3LYP and MP2 methods. Thus, the bidentate metal complexes were studied with the BLYP method combined with the RECPs. In order to compare RECPs performance, all the systems considered in this work were studied with the relativistic all-electron Douglas-Kroll (DK3) method. We observed that the Christiansen-Ermler RECPs give the best energetic and geometrical description for Ca and Hg complexes when compared with the all-electron method. For Pb complexes the spin-orbit interaction and Basis Set Superposition error must be taken into account in the RECP. In general, the trend showed in the complexation energies with the all-electron method is followed by the complexation energies computed with all the pseudopotential tested in this work. Battelle operates PNNL for the USDOE.

  19. Status of donor-recipient HLA class I ligands and not the KIR genotype is predictive for the outcome of unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in beta-thalassemia patients.

    PubMed

    La Nasa, Giorgio; Littera, Roberto; Locatelli, Franco; Giardini, Claudio; Ventrella, Arianna; Mulargia, Marina; Vacca, Adriana; Orrù, Nicola; Orrù, Sandro; Piras, Eugenia; Giustolisi, Giada; Lisini, Daniela; Nesci, Sonia; Caocci, Giovanni; Carcassi, Carlo

    2007-11-01

    Several studies have investigated the role played by killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) and their ligands on the outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients affected by oncohematologic diseases. However, the interpretation of the results of these studies is considerably hampered by the heterogeneity of the diseases, disease status at transplantation, and the different protocols employed for both conditioning and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis. To better define the role of KIRs in HSCT, we studied KIR genotypes and HLA class I ligands in a homogeneous group of 45 thalassemia patients transplanted with bone marrow cells from an HLA-identical, unrelated donor. Patients that were heterozygotes for HLA-Cw groups 1 (HLA-Cw(Asn80)) and 2 (HLA-Cw(Lys80)) had a higher risk of developing acute GVHD than C1/C1 or C2/C2 homozygotes (relative risk [RR] = 8.75; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.63-46.76; P = .007). Vice versa, all patients who experienced primary/secondary graft failure were C1/C1 or C2/C2 homozygotes (RR = 20.45; 95% CI = 1.08-384.24; P = .009). Moreover, the presence of the HLA-A11 antigen conferred protection against GVHD (0% versus 35%, P = .02). Our results suggest that C1/C2 heterozygosity, may favor the development of donor alloreactivity and thereby increase the risk of GVHD. Conversely, C1/C1 and C2/C2 homozygosity seems to reduce the risk of GVHD but may increase the incidence of graft rejection. These data may be helpful in tailoring the intensity of GVHD prophylaxis and conditioning regimens in thalassemia patients receiving HSCT from an HLA-identical volunteer donor.

  20. Adiponectin Receptors Form Homomers and Heteromers Exhibiting Distinct Ligand Binding and Intracellular Signaling Properties*

    PubMed Central

    Almabouada, Farid; Diaz-Ruiz, Alberto; Rabanal-Ruiz, Yoana; Peinado, Juan R.; Vazquez-Martinez, Rafael; Malagon, Maria M.

    2013-01-01

    Adiponectin binds to two widely expressed receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) that contain seven transmembrane domains but, unlike G-protein coupled receptors, present an extracellular C terminus and a cytosolic N terminus. Recently, AdipoR1 was found to associate in high order complexes. However, it is still unknown whether AdipoR2 may also form homomers or heteromers with AdipoR1 or if such interactions may be functionally relevant. Herein, we have analyzed the oligomerization pattern of AdipoRs by FRET and immunoprecipitation and evaluated both the internalization of AdipoRs in response to various adiponectin isoforms and the effect of adiponectin binding to different AdipoR combinations on AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylation and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α activation. Transfection of HEK293AD cells with AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 showed that both receptors colocalize at both the plasma membrane and the endoplasmic reticulum. Co-transfection with the different AdipoR pairs yielded high FRET efficiencies in non-stimulated cells, which indicates that AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 form homo- and heteromeric complexes under resting conditions. Live FRET imaging suggested that both homo- and heteromeric AdipoR complexes dissociate in response to adiponectin, but heteromers separate faster than homomers. Finally, phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase in response to adiponectin was delayed in cells wherein heteromer formation was favored. In sum, our findings indicate that AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 form homo- and heteromers that present unique interaction behaviors and signaling properties. This raises the possibility that the pleiotropic, tissue-dependent functions of adiponectin depend on the expression levels of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 and, therefore, on the steady-state proportion of homo- and heteromeric complexes. PMID:23255609

  1. Introducing ligand-based hydrogen bond donors to a receptor: both selectivity and binding affinity for anion recognition in water can be improved.

    PubMed

    Huang, Feihu; Cheng, Chen; Feng, Guoqiang

    2012-12-21

    Introducing hydrogen bond donors to a receptor was found to be an effective approach to improve both its selectivity and binding affinity for pyrophosphate in water. The crystal structure of Zn3-ADP complex showed the improvements come from the combination of H-bonding and metal coordination in a manner similar to many metalloenzymes.

  2. Syntheses of new imidazole ligand series and evaluation of 1-, 2- and 4,5-imidazole substituent electronic and steric effects on N-donor strengths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eseola, Abiodun O.; Sun, Wen-Hua; Li, Wen; Woods, Joseph A. O.

    2010-12-01

    A series of new imidazole based heterocycles (5-(4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)furan-2-yl)methyl acetate ( Him-dp), (5-(1H-phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazol-2-yl)furan-2-yl)methyl acetate ( HIm-pt), (5-(1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthrolin-2-yl)furan-2-yl)methyl acetate ( HIm-phen), 2-(2-nitrophenyl)-4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazole ( HIm-n), 1-methyl-2-(2-nitrophenyl)-4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazole ( MeIm-n), N-(2-(1-ethyl-4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)phenyl)benzamide ( EtIm-ba) and 2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-(8-(1-ethyl-4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-1,4-dihydroquinolin-2-yl)phenol ( EtIm-q) were synthesized and studied for the dependence of their azole donor characteristics on substituent factors by means of experimentally determined ionization constant data (derived as p Kas), spectroscopic analyses and calculated properties of their DFT optimized molecular geometries performed at the B3LYP/6-311 + G * level. Results showed that the lowest donor strength recorded for HIm-pt (p Ka = 2.67 ± 0.07) could be traced to the extensive electronic conjugation of the azole π-electrons with 4,5- and 2-substituents. On the other hand, the strongest imidazole donor strength in the series was obtained from EtIm-q (p Ka = 4.61 ± 0.04) for which the substituents possessed negligible π-overlap with the azole ring. The experimental results and theoretical calculations lead to conclusions that effective conjugation between the imidazole ring and substituent aromatic groups is accountable for significant withdrawal of charge densities on the imidazole N-donor atom and vice versa. Furthermore, observed donor strengths in the series suggest that electronic inductive effects of the substituents provided lesser impact on donor strength modification of imidazole base and that alkylation of 1-imidazole position did not yield the anticipated push of electron density in favour of the N-donor atom. It is anticipated that the results should promote the understanding of azole-containing bio-macromolecular species

  3. Synthesis of palladium(II) complex with NNS donor Schiff base ligand via Csbnd S bond cleavage: X-ray structure, electrochemistry and DFT computation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, Sujan; Roy, Puspendu; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2017-08-01

    Reaction of ligand, L-Ch2Ph with Na2PdCl4 in acetonitrile yielded palladium(II) complex, [Pd(L)Cl] via Csbnd S bond cleavage. It is characterized by several spectroscopic techniques and the structure is confirmed by single crystal X-ray study. The complex exhibits quasi-reversible oxidation couple at 0.86 V corresponds to ligand based thiophenolato to thiyl radical oxidation. Electronic structure, solution spectrum and redox properties are interpreted by DFT and TDDFT calculations.

  4. Palladium(II) and zinc(II) complexes of neutral [N2O2] donor Schiff bases derived from furfuraldehyde: synthesis, characterization, fluorescence and corrosion inhibitors of ligands.

    PubMed

    Ali, Omyma A M

    2014-11-11

    Metal complexes of Schiff bases derived from furfuraldehyde and 4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylendiamine (L1) or 4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylendiamine (L2) have been reported and characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analysis. The complexes are found to have the formulae [PdL1-2]Cl2 and [ZnL1-2](AcO)2·H2O. The molar conductance data reveal that Pd(II) and Zn(II) chelates are ionic in nature and are of the type 2:1 electrolytes. The spectral data are consistent with a square planar and tetrahedral geometry around Pd(II) and Zn(II), respectively, in which the ligands act as tetradentate ligands. The thermal behavior of some chelates is studied and the activation thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coats-Redfern method. The corrosion inhibition of stainless steel types 410 and 304 in 1 M HCl using the synthesized Schiff bases as inhibitors have been studied by weight loss method. The obtained data considered these ligands as efficient corrosion inhibitors. The ligands and their metal complexes exhibited considerable antibacterial activity against Staphylococcusaureus, and Escherichiacoli and antifungal activity against Candida albicans. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Palladium(II) and zinc(II) complexes of neutral [N2O2] donor Schiff bases derived from furfuraldehyde: Synthesis, characterization, fluorescence and corrosion inhibitors of ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ali, Omyma A. M.

    2014-11-01

    Metal complexes of Schiff bases derived from furfuraldehyde and 4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylendiamine (L1) or 4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylendiamine (L2) have been reported and characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analysis. The complexes are found to have the formulae [PdL1-2]Cl2 and [ZnL1-2](AcO)2·H2O. The molar conductance data reveal that Pd(II) and Zn(II) chelates are ionic in nature and are of the type 2:1 electrolytes. The spectral data are consistent with a square planar and tetrahedral geometry around Pd(II) and Zn(II), respectively, in which the ligands act as tetradentate ligands. The thermal behavior of some chelates is studied and the activation thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coats-Redfern method. The corrosion inhibition of stainless steel types 410 and 304 in 1 M HCl using the synthesized Schiff bases as inhibitors have been studied by weight loss method. The obtained data considered these ligands as efficient corrosion inhibitors. The ligands and their metal complexes exhibited considerable antibacterial activity against Staphylococcusaureus, and Escherichiacoli and antifungal activity against Candida albicans.

  6. Sulfur donor atom effects on copper(I)/O(2) chemistry with thioanisole containing tetradentate N(3)S ligand leading to μ-1,2-peroxo-dicopper(II) species.

    PubMed

    Lee, Yunho; Lee, Dong-Heon; Park, Ga Young; Lucas, Heather R; Narducci Sarjeant, Amy A; Kieber-Emmons, Matthew T; Vance, Michael A; Milligan, Ashley E; Solomon, Edward I; Karlin, Kenneth D

    2010-10-04

    To better understand the effect of thioether coordination in copper-O(2) chemistry, the tetradentate N(3)S ligand L(ASM) (2-(methylthio)-N,N-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)benzenamine) and related alkylether ligand L(EOE) (2-ethoxy-N,N-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)ethanamine) have been studied. The corresponding copper(I) complexes, [(L(ASM))Cu(I)](+) (1a) and [(L(EOE))Cu(I)](+) (3a), were studied as were the related compound [(L(ESE))Cu(I)](+) (2a, L(ESE) = (2-ethylthio-N,N-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)ethanamine). The X-ray structure of 1a and its solution conductivity reveal a monomeric molecular structure possessing thioether coordination which persists in solution. In contrast, the C-O stretching frequencies of the derivative Cu(I)-CO complexes reveal that for these complexes, the modulated ligand arms, whether arylthioether, alkylthioether, or ether, are not coordinated to the cuprous ion. Electrochemical data for 1a and 2a in CH(3)CN and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) show the thioanisole moiety to be a poor electron donor compared to alkylthioether (1a is ∼200 mV more positive than 2a). The structures of [(L(ASM))Cu(II)(CH(3)OH)](2+) (1c) and [(L(ESE))Cu(II)(CH(3)OH)](2+) (2c) have also been obtained and indicate nearly identical copper coordination environments. Oxygenation of 1a at reduced temperature gives a characteristic deep blue intermediate [{(L(ASM))Cu(II)}(2)(O(2)(2-))](2+) (1b(P)) with absorption features at 442 (1,500 M(-1) cm(-1)), 530 (8,600 M(-1) cm(-1)), and 605 nm (10,400 M(-1) cm(-1)); these values compare well to the ligand-to-metal charge-transfer (LMCT) transitions previously reported for [{(L(ESE))Cu(II)}(2)(O(2)(2-))](2+) (2b(P)). Resonance Raman data for [{(L(ASM))Cu(II)}(2)(O(2)(2-))](2+) (1b(P)) support the formation of μ-1,2-peroxo species ν(O-O) = 828 cm(-1)(Δ((18)O(2)) = 48), ν(sym)(Cu-O) = 547 cm(-1) (Δ((18)O(2)) = 23), and ν(asym)(Cu-O) = 497 cm(-1) (Δ((18)O(2)) = 22) and suggest the L(ASM) ligand is a poorer electron donor to copper

  7. [Information and consent forms for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation donors and recipients: Guidelines from the Franchophone society of bone marrow transplantation and cellular therapy (SFGM-TC)].

    PubMed

    Bruno, Bénédicte; Thibert, Jean-Baptiste; Bancillon, Nelly; Desbos, Anna; Fawaz, Abir; Fournier, Isabelle; Genty, Carole; Issarni, Dominique; Leveille, Sandrine; Premel, Christelle; Polomeni, Alice; Renault, Myriam; Tarillon, Sylvie; Wallart, Anne; Yakoub-Agha, Ibrahim; Bordessoule, Dominique

    2016-11-01

    Within the context of the SFGM-TC's 6th workshop series on the harmonization of clinical practices, our workshop proposes a standardization of the informed consent process for hematopoietic stem cell donors and recipients leading up to an autologous or allogenic transplantation. All informed consent was for bone marrow or peripheral stem cell donors, and mononuclear/lymphocyte donors according to usual procedures. The informed consent for autologous and allogenic related or unrelated adults and pediatric transplantation patients have been included. A first step has been conducted for collecting in advance the informed consent forms used routinely in all francophone transplantation centers. In a second step, a comprehensive version has been re-written by a multidisciplinary team. For the purposes of understanding the risks and advantages, language has been carefully considered and streamlined. In the third step, texts were sent to stem cell transplantation experts, experts at the French biomedical agency (agence de la biomédecine [ABM]), law specialists, members of the ethical committee of the French society of hematology and several transplant recipients to be edited and proofread. Copyright © 2016 Société Française du Cancer. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  8. Effects of structural defects on the activation of sulfur donors in GaN xAs 1- x formed by N implantation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jasinski, J.; Yu, K. M.; Walukiewicz, W.; Liliental-Weber, Z.; Washburn, J.

    2001-12-01

    The effects of structural defects on the electrical activity of S-doped GaN xAs 1- x layers formed by S and N co-implantation in GaAs are reported. S and N ions were implanted to the depth of about 0.4 μm. Electrochemical capacitance voltage measurements on samples annealed at 945°C for 10 s show that in a thin (<0.1 μm) surface layer the concentration of active shallow donors is almost an order of magnitude larger in S and N co-implanted samples than in samples implanted with S alone. The activation efficiency of S donors also shows a broad minimum at a depth of about 0.2 μm below the surface. The results of these electrical measurements are correlated with the distribution of structural defects revealed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The TEM micrographs show that in addition to a band of dislocation loops commonly found in ion implanted GaAs, an additional band of small voids is observed in samples co-implanted with S and N. The location of this band correlates well with the region of reduced electrical activation of S donors, suggesting that the formation of the voids through N accumulation results in a lower concentration of “active”, substitutional N atoms.

  9. Synthesis, characterization and biological relevance of some metal (II) complexes with oxygen, nitrogen and oxygen (ONO) donor Schiff base ligand derived from thiazole and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagesh, G. Y.; Mruthyunjayaswamy, B. H. M.

    2015-04-01

    The novel Schiff base ligand 2-((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)methylene)-N-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)hydrazinecarboxamide (L) obtained by the condensation of N-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)hydrazinecarboxamide with 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde and its newly synthesized Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes have been characterized by microanalysis, molar conductance, IR, 1H NMR, ESI-mass, UV-Visible, TGA/DTA, ESR and powder X-ray diffraction data to explicate their structures. The IR results confirmed the tridentate binding of the ligand involving oxygen atom of amide carbonyl, azomethine nitrogen and naphthol oxygen. 1H NMR spectral data of the ligand (L) and its Zn(II) complex agreed well with the proposed structures. Thermogravimetric studies for Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes indicated the presence of coordinated water molecules and the final product is the metal oxide. In order to appraise the effect of antimicrobial activity of metal ions upon chelation, the newly synthesized ligand and its metal complexes were screened for their antimicrobial activity by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The DNA cleavage activities were studied using plasmid DNA pBR322 (Bangal re Genei, Bengaluru, Cat. No 105850) as a target molecule by agarose gel electrophoresis method. The brine shrimp bioassay was also carried out to study the in vitro cytotoxicity properties against Artemia salina. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity were determined in vitro by reduction of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH). The ligand exhibited better in vitro-antioxidant activity than its metal complexes.

  10. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, electrochemistry and biological evaluation of some metal (II) complexes with ONO donor ligand containing benzo[b]thiophene and coumarin moieties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahendra Raj, K.; Mruthyunjayaswamy, B. H. M.

    2014-09-01

    Schiff base ligand 3-chloro-N‧-((7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzo[b]thiophene-2-carbohydrazide and its Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes were synthesized, characterized by elemental analysis and various physico-chemical techniques like, IR, 1H NMR, ESI-mass, UV-Visible, thermogravimetry - differential thermal analysis, magnetic measurements and molar conductance. Spectral analysis indicates octahedral geometry for all the complexes. Cu(II) complex have 1:1 stoichiometry of the type [M(L)(Cl)(H2O)2], whereas Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes have 1:2 stoichiometric ratio of the type [M(L)2]. The bonding sites are the oxygen atom of amide carbonyl, nitrogen of azomethine function and phenolic oxygen of the Schiff base ligand via deprotonation. The thermogravimetry - differential thermal analysis studies gave evidence for the presence of coordinated water molecules in the composition of Cu(II) complex which was further supported by IR measurements. All the complexes were investigated for their electrochemical activity, but only the Cu(II) complex showed the redox property. In order to evaluate the effect of antimicrobial potency of metal ions upon chelation, ligand and its metal complexes along with their respective metal chlorides were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The results showed that the metal complexes were found to be more active than free ligand. Ligand and its complexes were screened for free radical scavenging activity by DPPH method and DNA cleavage activity using Calf-thymus DNA (Cat. No-105850).

  11. Structural, spectral, pH-metric and biological studies on mercury (II), cadmium (II) and binuclear zinc (II) complexes of NS donor thiosemicarbazide ligand.

    PubMed

    El-Gammal, Ola A; Abu El-Reash, Gaber M; El-Gamil, Mohammed M

    2014-04-05

    Hg(II), Cd(II) and binuclear Zn(II) complexes derived from the tetradentate N(1)-ethyl-N(2)-(pyridine-2-yl) hydrazine-1, 2-bis (carbothioamide) ligand (H2PET) have been prepared and characterized by conventional techniques. The isolated complexes acquired the formulas, [Hg(HPET)(H2O)2Cl]⋅H2O, [Cd(HPET)Cl] and [Zn2(HPET)(PET)(OAc)]⋅H2O, respectively. IR data revealed that the ligand behaves as monobasic tridentate through (CN)py, (C-S) and new (NC)azomethine(∗) groups in both Hg(II) and Cd(II) complexes. In the binuclear Zn(II) complex, the behavior of ligand contains two types, where H2PET acts as dibasic tetradentate via (CN)py, both deprotonated (C-SH) and the new (NC)azomethine(∗) towards two Zn atoms and also it acts as monobasic tridentate via (CS), deprotonated (C-SH) and (CN)py towards the same Zn atoms. An octahedral geometry for Hg(II) complex and tetrahedral geometry for both Cd(II) and Zn(II) complexes were proposed. The bond lengths, bond angles, HOMO, LUMO and dipole moment have been calculated by DFT using materials studio program to confirm the geometry of ligand and its metal complexes. The association constant of the ligand and the stability constants of its complexes as well as the thermodynamic parameters were calculated by pH metric measurements at 298, 308 and 318K in 50% dioxane-water mixture, respectively. Also, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different thermal degradation steps of the complexes were determined by Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Moreover, the anti-oxidant (using ABTS and DPPH methods), anti-hemolytic, and cytotoxic activities of the compounds have been tested. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  12. Predicted structure of the extracellular region of ligand-gated ion-channel receptors shows SH2-like and SH3-like domains forming the ligand-binding site.

    PubMed Central

    Gready, J. E.; Ranganathan, S.; Schofield, P. R.; Matsuo, Y.; Nishikawa, K.

    1997-01-01

    Fast synaptic neurotransmission is mediated by ligand-gated ion-channel (LGIC) receptors, which include receptors for acetylcholine, serotonin, GABA, glycine, and glutamate. LGICs are pentamers with extracellular ligand-binding domains and form integral membrane ion channels that are selective for cations (acetylcholine and serotonin 5HT3 receptors) or anions (GABAA and glycine receptors and the invertebrate glutamate-binding chloride channel). They form a protein superfamily with no sequence similarity to any protein of known structure. Using a 1D-3D structure mapping approach, we have modeled the extracellular ligand-binding domain based on a significant match with the SH2 and SH3 domains of the biotin repressor structure. Refinement of the model based on knowledge of the large family of SH2 and SH3 structures, sequence alignments, and use of structure templates for loop building, allows the prediction of both monomer and pentamer models. These are consistent with medium-resolution electron microscopy structures and with experimental structure/function data from ligand-binding, antibody-binding, mutagenesis, protein-labeling and subunit-linking studies, and glycosylation sites. Also, the predicted polarity of the channel pore calculated from electrostatic potential maps of pentamer models of superfamily members is consistent with known ion selectivities. Using the glycine receptor alpha 1 subunit, which forms homopentamers, the monomeric and pentameric models define the agonist and antagonist (strychnine) binding sites to a deep crevice formed by an extended loop, which includes the invariant disulfide bridge, between the SH2 and SH3 domains. A detailed binding site for strychnine is reported that is in strong agreement with known structure/function data. A site for interaction of the extracellular ligand-binding domain with the activation of the M2 transmembrane helix is also suggested. PMID:9144769

  13. Complexation of nitrogen and sulphur donor Schiff's base ligand to Cr(III) and Ni(II) metal ions: Synthesis, spectroscopic and antipathogenic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Amit Kumar; Chandra, Sulekh

    2011-01-01

    2,6-Diacetyl pyridine based ligand was synthesized by the reaction of 2,6-diacetyl pyridine with thiocarbohydrazide in presence of acetic acid. The coordination compounds with Cr(III) and Ni(II) metal ions having [Cr(L)X]X 2 and [Ni(L)X]X compositions (where L = ligand and X = NO 3-, Cl - and CH 3COO -) were synthesized and characterized by physicochemical and spectral studies. The studies like elemental analyses, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, UV-Vis, NMR, mass and EPR reveal that the complexes are octahedral. The compounds were examined against the pathogenic fungal and bacterial strains like Alternaria brassicae, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Xanthomonas compestris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A. niger causes the diseases Apergillosis and Otomycosis in humans.

  14. Spectroscopic, cyclic voltammetric and biological studies of transition metal complexes with mixed nitrogen-sulphur (NS) donor macrocyclic ligand derived from thiosemicarbazide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Gupta, Lokesh Kumar; Sangeetika

    2005-11-01

    The complexation of new mixed thia-aza-oxa macrocycle viz., 2,12-dithio-5,9,14,18-tetraoxo-7,16-dithia-1,3,4,10,11,13-hexaazacyclooctadecane containing thiosemicarba-zone unit with a series of transition metals Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) has been investigated, by different spectroscopic techniques. The structural features of the ligand have been studied by EI-mass, 1H NMR and IR spectral techniques. Elemental analyses, magnetic moment susceptibility, molar conductance, IR, electronic, and EPR spectral studies characterized the complexes. Electronic absorption and IR spectra of the complexes indicate octahedral geometry for chloro, nitrato, thiocyanato or acetato complexes. The dimeric and neutral nature of the sulphato complexes are confirmed from magnetic susceptibility and low conductance values. Electronic spectra suggests square-planar geometry for all sulphato complexes. The redox behaviour was studied by cyclic voltammetry, show metal-centered reduction processes for all complexes. The complexes of copper show both oxidation and reduction process. The redox potentials depend on the conformation of central atom in the macrocyclic complexes. Newly synthesized macrocyclic ligand and its transition metal complexes show markedly growth inhibitory activity against pathogenic bacterias and plant pathogenic fungi under study. Most of the complexes have higher activity than that of the metal free ligand.

  15. Sulfur Donor Atom Effects on Copper(I)/O2 Chemistry with Thioanisole Containing Tetradentate N3S Ligand Leading to μ-1,2-Peroxo-Dicopper(II) species

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Yunho; Lee, Dong-Heon; Park, Ga Young; Lucas, Heather R.; Sarjeant, Amy A. Narducci; Kieber-Emmons, Matthew T.; Vance, Michael A.; Milligan, Ashley E.; Solomon, Edward I.; Karlin, Kenneth D.

    2010-01-01

    To better understand the effect of thioether coordination in copper-O2 chemistry, the tetradentate N3S ligand LASM (2-(methylthio)-N,N-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)benzenamine) and related alkylether ligand LEOE (2-ethoxy-N,N-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)ethanamine) have been studied. The corresponding copper(I) complexes, [(LASM)CuI]+ (1a) and [(LEOE)CuI]+ (3a) were studies as were the related compound [(LESE)CuI]+ (2a, LESE = (2-ethylthio-N,N-bis((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)ethanamine). The X-ray structure of 1a and its solution conductivity reveal a monomeric molecular structure possessing thioether coordination which persists in solution. In contrast, the C-O stretching frequencies of the derivative Cu(I)-CO complexes reveal that for these complexes, the modulated ligand arms, whether arylthioether, alkylthioether or ether, are not coordinated to the cuprous ion. Electrochemical data for 1a and 2a in CH3CN and DMF show the thioanisole moiety to be a poor electron donor compared to alkylthioether (1a is ~ 200 mV more positive than 2a). The structures of [(LASM)CuII(CH3OH)]2+ (1c) and [(LESE)CuII(CH3OH)]2+ (2c) have also been obtained and indicate nearly identical copper coordination environments. Oxygenation of 1a at reduced temperature gives a characteristic deep blue colored intermediate [{(LASM)CuII}2(O22−)]2+ (1bP) with absorption features at 442 (1,500 M−1cm−1), 530 (8,600 M−1cm−1) and 605 nm (10,400 M−1cm−1); these values compare well to the LMCT transitions previously reported for [{(LESE)CuII}2(O22−)]2+ (2bP). Resonance Raman data for [{(LASM)CuII}2(O22−)]2+ (1bP) support the formation of μ-1,2-peroxo species (ν(O-O) = 828 cm−1 (Δ(18O2) = 48), νsym(Cu-O) = 547 cm−1 (Δ(18O2) = 23) and νasym(Cu-O) = 497 cm−1 (Δ(18O2) = 22) and suggest the LASM ligand is a poorer electron donor to copper than is LESE. In contrast, the oxygenation of [(LEOE)CuI]+ (3a), possessing an ether donor as an analogue of the thioether in LESE, led to the formation of

  16. A new crystal form of human tear lipocalin reveals high flexibility in the loop region and induced fit in the ligand cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Breustedt, Daniel A.; Chatwell, Lorenz; Skerra, Arne

    2009-10-01

    The crystal structure of tear lipocalin determined in space group P2{sub 1} revealed large structural deviations from the previously solved X-ray structure in space group C2, especially in the loop region and adjoining parts of the β-barrel which give rise to the ligand-binding site. These findings illustrate a novel mechanism for promiscuity in ligand recognition by the lipocalin protein family. Tear lipocalin (TLC) with the bound artificial ligand 1,4-butanediol has been crystallized in space group P2{sub 1} with four protein molecules in the asymmetric unit and its X-ray structure has been solved at 2.6 Å resolution. TLC is a member of the lipocalin family that binds ligands with diverse chemical structures, such as fatty acids, phospholipids and cholesterol as well as microbial siderophores and the antibiotic rifampin. Previous X-ray structural analysis of apo TLC crystallized in space group C2 revealed a rather large bifurcated ligand pocket and a partially disordered loop region at the entrace to the cavity. Analysis of the P2{sub 1} crystal form uncovered major conformational changes (i) in β-strands B, C and D, (ii) in loops 1, 2 and 4 at the open end of the β-barrel and (iii) in the extended C-terminal segment, which is attached to the β-barrel via a disulfide bridge. The structural comparison indicates high conformational plasticity of the loop region as well as of deeper parts of the ligand pocket, thus allowing adaptation to ligands that differ vastly in size and shape. This illustrates a mechanism for promiscuity in ligand recognition which may also be relevant for some other physiologically important members of the lipocalin protein family.

  17. Electrostatically driven second-sphere ligand switch between high and low reorganization energy forms of native cytochrome c.

    PubMed

    Alvarez-Paggi, Damián; Castro, María A; Tórtora, Verónica; Castro, Laura; Radi, Rafael; Murgida, Daniel H

    2013-03-20

    We have employed a combination of protein film voltammetry, time-resolved vibrational spectroelectrochemistry and molecular dynamics simulations to evaluate the electron-transfer reorganization free energy (λ) of cytochrome c (Cyt) in electrostatic complexes that mimic some basic features of protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions. The results reveal the existence of two native-like conformations of Cyt that present significantly different λ values. Conversion from the high to the low λ forms is triggered by electrostatic interactions, and involves the rupture of a weak H-bond between first- (M80) and second-sphere (Y67) ligands of the heme iron, as a distinctive feature of the conformational switch. The two flexible Ω loops operate as transducers of the electrostatic signal. This fine-tuning effect is abolished in the Y67F Cyt mutant, which presents a λ value similar to the WT protein in electrostatic complexes. We propose that interactions of Cyt with the natural redox partner proteins activate a similar mechanism to minimize the reorganization energy of interprotein electron transfer.

  18. A comparison of the efficiency of G protein activation by ligand-free and light-activated forms of rhodopsin.

    PubMed Central

    Melia, T J; Cowan, C W; Angleson, J K; Wensel, T G

    1997-01-01

    Activation of the photoreceptor G protein transducin (Gt) by opsin, the ligand-free form of rhodopsin, was measured using rod outer segment membranes with densities of opsin and Gt similar to those found in rod cells. When GTPgammaS was used as the activating nucleotide, opsin catalyzed transducin activation with an exponential time course with a rate constant k(act) on the order of 2 x 10(-3)s(-1). Comparison under these conditions to activation by flash-generated metarhodopsin II (MII) revealed that opsin- and R*-catalyzed activation showed similar kinetics when MII was present at a surface density approximately 10(-6) lower than that of opsin. Thus, in contrast to some previous reports, we find that the catalytic potency of opsin is only approximately 10(-6) that of MII. In the presence of residual retinaldehyde-derived species present in membranes treated with hydroxylamine after bleaching, the apparent k(act) observed was much higher than that for opsin, suggesting a possible explanation for previous reports of more efficient activation by opsin. These results are important for considering the possible role of opsin in the diverse phenomena in which it has been suggested to play a key role, such as bleaching desensitization and retinal degeneration induced by continuous light or vitamin A deprivation. PMID:9414230

  19. A chiral 2,6-bis(oxazolinyl)pyridine ligand with amide groups to form isomorphous complexes through all the lanthanoid series.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Kenji; Suzuki, Keita; Tsukuda, Toshiaki; Tsubomura, Taro

    2010-06-07

    We newly synthesized the chiral pybox ligand, 2,6-bis[(4S)-tert-butylcarbamoyl-2-oxazolin-2-yl]pyridine, whose lanthanoid(III) complexes have formed isomorphous crystals through all the lanthanoid series. The luminescence properties of the Eu(III) complex have been investigated.

  20. Iron content of eggs from hens given diets containing organic forms of iron, serine and methyl group donors, or phytoestogens.

    PubMed

    Revell, D K; Zarrinkalam, M R; Hughes, R J

    2009-07-01

    1. This investigation included three experiments to determine whether the iron content of egg yolks could be enriched by supplementation of the laying diet with iron bound to organic compounds (Experiment 1), serine and methyl group donors methionine and choline (Experiment 2) or phytoestrogens (Experiment 3). 2. Hens at 34, 54 and 56 weeks of age were given experimental diets for 6, 4 and 4 weeks, respectively, in Experiments 1-3. Yolks from eggs laid over three successive days in the final week of feeding were pooled for each hen for analysis of iron by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. 3. Iron concentration in egg yolk averaged 68-70, 66-71 and 62-69 microg/g in the respective experiments. 4. The addition of bloodmeal (1.22 mg Fe/egg) or phytoestrogens (1.25 mg Fe/egg) increased the total iron content of yolks by over 15% compared with the control diet (1.10 mg Fe/egg), and although this increase was not statistically significant it suggests that the iron content of eggs could be sufficiently manipulated to justify a nutritional claim of iron enrichment.

  1. Ruthenium(II) coordination chemistry of a fused donor-acceptor ligand: synthesis, characterization, and photoinduced electron-transfer reactions of [{Ru(bpy)2}(n)(TTF-ppb)](PF6)(2n) (n = 1, 2).

    PubMed

    Goze, Christine; Dupont, Nathalie; Beitler, Elvira; Leiggener, Claudia; Jia, Hongpeng; Monbaron, Philippe; Liu, Shi-Xia; Neels, Antonia; Hauser, Andreas; Decurtins, Silvio

    2008-12-01

    A pi-extended, redox-active bridging ligand 4',5'-bis(propylthio)tetrathiafulvenyl[i]dipyrido[2,3-a:3',2'-c]phenazine (L) was prepared via direct Schiff-base condensation of the corresponding diamine-tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) precursor with 4,7-phenanthroline-5,6-dione. Reactions of L with [Ru(bpy)(2)Cl(2)] afforded its stable mono- and dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes 1 and 2. They have been fully characterized, and their photophysical and electrochemical properties are reported together with those of [Ru(bpy)(2)(ppb)](2+) and [Ru(bpy)(2)(mu-ppb)Ru(bpy)(2)](4+) (ppb = dipyrido[2,3-a:3',2'-c]phenazine) for comparison. In all cases, the first excited state corresponds to an intramolecular TTF --> ppb charge-transfer state. Both ruthenium(II) complexes show two strong and well-separated metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) absorption bands, whereas the (3)MLCT luminescence is strongly quenched via electron transfer from the TTF subunit. Clearly, the transient absorption spectra illustrate the role of the TTF fragment as an electron donor, which induces a triplet intraligand charge-transfer state ((3)ILCT) with lifetimes of approximately 200 and 50 ns for mono- and dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes, respectively.

  2. Two new metal-organic coordination polymers of lead with O-, N-donor ligands: Synthesis, characterization, luminescence and thermal behavior

    SciTech Connect

    Rana, Abhinandan; Kumar Jana, Swapan; Bera, Madhusudan; Hazari, Debdoot; Sankar Chowdhuri, Durga; Zangrando, Ennio; Dalai, Sudipta

    2013-01-15

    The synthesis of two new lead(II) coordination polymers, [Pb{sub 2}(picOH){sub 4}]{center_dot}H{sub 2}O (1) and [Pb{sub 3}(Sip){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{center_dot}H{sub 2}O (2) has been reported, where HpicOH=3-hydroxypicolinic acid and NaH{sub 2}Sip=5-sulfoisophthalic acid monosodium salt. Both the complexes were structurally characterized by X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. Complex 1, where the 3-hydroxypicolinate ligand is used for the first time in conjunction with Pb(II), revealed to be a 1D polymeric array. Complex 2 showed a 3D structure with 5-sulfoisophthalate ligand adopting two novel binding modes of high denticity ({eta}{sup 6}{mu}{sub 6} and {eta}{sup 7}{mu}{sub 7}). The photoluminescence and thermal properties of the two complexes have been studied. - Graphical abstract: 1D and 3D inorganic organic hybrid luminescent material of Pb(II) have been synthesized by using 3-hydroxypicolinate and 5-sulfoisophthalate anions. The 5-sulfoisophthalate ligand shows two novel binding modes with high denticity. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 3-hydroxypicolinic acid is used for first time with Pb{sup 2+} in a MOF. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 5-sulfoisophthalic acid displays two novel binding modes of high denticity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Complex 1 shows high thermal stability (up to 167 Degree-Sign C). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer MLCT is present in both the complexes.

  3. Oligomeric adiponectin forms and their complexes in the blood of healthy donors and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    PubMed

    Kogan, Alexander E; Filatov, Vladimir L; Kolosova, Olga V; Katrukha, Ivan A; Mironova, Ekaterina V; Zhuravleva, Natalya S; Nagibin, Oleg A; Kara, Andrei N; Bereznikova, Anastasiya V; Katrukha, Alexey G

    2013-01-01

    Adiponectin (Adn) is a protein that circulates in the blood in several oligomeric forms, namely low-, medium-, and high-molecular-weight forms. Adn may serve as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aims of this work were (1) to produce monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific to different Adn oligomeric forms, (2) to design immunoassays suitable for measuring the Adn forms present in human blood, and (3) to investigate the changes in Adn forms that occur in patients with T2DM. Gel filtration, fluoroimmunoassays, and Western blotting were utilized as major techniques in this study. MAbs recognizing various oligomeric forms of Adn were obtained. Complexes between Adn and complement component C1q and between the low molecular weight form of Adn and albumin were described in human blood. A decrease in the total Adn and Adn-albumin complex levels in the blood of patients with T2DM and no difference in the levels of the Adn-C1q complex in comparison with healthy volunteers were demonstrated. An Adn94-Adn63 fluoroimmunoassay was selected as the technique that most accurately measured the mass ratio of Adn oligomers in blood samples, and an Adn214-Adn27 assay that measured the low-molecular-weight form of Adn only.

  4. Synthesis, spectral characterization, molecular modeling and in vitro antibacterial activity of complexes designed from O2, NO and NO donor Schiff-base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Gammal, Ola A.; Abu El-Reash, G.; Ahmed, S. F.

    2015-01-01

    A new chelating agent, N‧-(4-methoxybenzylidene)-2-oxo-2-(phenylamino)acetohydrazide (H2OMPH) and its complexes with Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Hg(II) and U(IV)O22+ ions have been prepared and characterized by conventional techniques. The spectral data indicated that the ligand coordinates as neutral bidentate with Cu(II), Mn(II), U(IV)O22+ and Hg(II), neutral tridentate with Ni(II), mononegative tridentate with Co(II) and binegative tetradentate with Zn(II) ions. On basis of magnetic and electronic spectral data an octahedral geometry for Mn(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes and a square planar geometry for Cu(II) complex have been proposed and confirmed by applying geometry optimization and conformational analysis. The protonation constants of H2OMPH and the stepwise stability constants of its complexes are calculated at 298, 308 and 318 k as well as their thermodynamic parameters. Also, the Kinetic parameters (Ea, A, ΔH*, ΔS* and ΔG*) were determined for each thermal degradation stage of some complexes using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Moreover, the ligand and some complexes were screened for in vitro antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus epidermalies (St. epid); Streptococcus pyagenies (Strp. py.) as Gram +ve bacteria and Escherichia coli (E. coli); Klebsiella spp. (kleb. spp.) as Gram -ve bacteria using inhibition zone diameter.

  5. NMR studies of differences in the conformations and dynamics of ligand complexes formed with mutant dihydrofolate reductases

    SciTech Connect

    Birdsall, B.; Andrews, J.; Ostler, G.; Tendler, S.J.B.; Feeney, J.; Roberts, G.C.K.; Davies, R.W.; Cheung, H.T.A. )

    1989-02-07

    Two mutants of Lactobacillus casei dihydrofolate reductase, Trp 21 {yields} Leu and Asp 26 {yields} Glu, have been prepared by using site-directed mutagenesis methods, and their ligand binding and structural properties have been compared with those of the wild-type enzyme. {sup 1}H, {sup 13}C, and {sup 31}P NMR studies have been carried out to characterize the structural changes in the complexes of the mutant and wild-type enzymes. Replacement of the conserved Trp 21 by a Leu residue causes a decrease in activity of the enzyme and reduces the NADPH binding constant by a factor of 400. The binding of substrates and substrate analogues is only slightly affected. {sup 1}H NMR studies of the Trp 21 {yields} Leu enzyme complexes have confirmed the original resonance assignments for Trp 21. In complexes formed with methotrexate and the mutant enzyme, the results indicate some small changes in conformation occurring as much as 14 {angstrom} away from the site of substitution. For the enzyme-NADPH complexes, the chemical shifts of nuclei in the bound coenzyme indicate that the nicotinamide ring binds differently in complexes with the mutant and the wild-type enzyme. There are complexes where the wild-type enzyme has been shown to exist in solution as a mixture of conformations, and studies on the corresponding complexes with the Trp 21 {yields} Leu mutant indicate that the delicately poised equilibria can be perturbed. Some conformational adjustments are required to allow the carboxylate of Glu 26 to bind effectively to the N1 proton of inhibitors such as methotrexate and trimethoprim.

  6. Synthesis, structural characterization, thermal and electrochemical studies of mixed ligand Cu(II) complexes containing 2-phenyl-3-(benzylamino)-1,2-dihydroquinazoline-4-(3H)-one and bidentate N-donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Sawant, V A; Yamgar, B A; Sawant, S K; Chavan, S S

    2009-12-01

    Some mixed ligand Cu(II) complexes of the type [Cu(L)(en)X(2)] (1a-3a), [Cu(L)(en)](ClO(4))(2) (4a), [Cu(L)(phen)X(2)] (1b-3b) and [Cu(L)(phen)](ClO(4))(2) (4b) [where L = 2-phenyl-3-(benzylamino)-1,2-dihydroquinazoline-4-(3H)-one; en = ethylenediamine; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline; X = Cl(-), N(3)(-) and NCS(-)] have been prepared. The complexes were characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moment, IR, UV-vis, mass, ESR and thermal studies. On the basis of electronic spectral data and magnetic susceptibility measurement octahedral geometry has been proposed for 1a-3a and 1b-3b and square-planer geometry for 4a and 4b. The ESR spectral data of complexes provided information about their structure on the basis of Hamiltonian parameters and degree of covalency. The electrochemical behaviour of mixed ligand Cu(II) complexes was studied which showed that complexes of phen appear at more positive potential as compared to those for corresponding en complexes.

  7. CORCEMA refinement of the bound ligand conformation within the protein binding pocket in reversibly forming weak complexes using STD-NMR intensities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayalakshmi, V.; Rama Krishna, N.

    2004-05-01

    We describe an intensity-restrained optimization procedure for refining approximate structures of ligands within the protein binding pockets using STD-NMR intensity data on reversibly forming weak complexes. In this approach, the global minimum for the bound-ligand conformation is obtained by a hybrid structure refinement method involving CORCEMA calculation of intensities and simulated annealing optimization of torsion angles of the bound ligand using STD-NMR intensities as experimental constraints and the NOE R-factor as the pseudo-energy function to be minimized. This method is illustrated using simulated STD data sets for typical carbohydrate and peptide ligands. Our procedure also allows for the optimization of side chain torsion angles of protein residues within the binding pocket. This procedure is useful in refining and improving initial models based on crystallography or computer docking or other algorithms to generate models for the bound ligand (e.g., a lead compound) within the protein binding pocket compatible with solution STD-NMR data. This method may facilitate structure-based drug design efforts.

  8. Studies of iron(II) and iron(III) complexes with fac-N2O, cis-N2O2 and N2O3 donor ligands: models for the 2-His 1-carboxylate motif of non-heme iron monooxygenases.

    PubMed

    Cappillino, Patrick J; Miecznikowski, John R; Tyler, Laurie A; Tarves, Paul C; McNally, Joshua S; Lo, Wayne; Kasibhatla, Bala Sundari T; Krzyaniak, Matthew D; McCracken, John; Wang, Feng; Armstrong, William H; Caradonna, John P

    2012-05-14

    Enzymes in the oxygen-activating class of mononuclear non-heme iron oxygenases (MNOs) contain a highly conserved iron center facially ligated by two histidine nitrogen atoms and one carboxylate oxygen atom that leave one face of the metal center (three binding sites) open for coordination to cofactor, substrate, and/or dioxygen. A comparative family of [Fe(II/III)(N(2)O(n))(L)(4-n))](±x), n = 1-3, L = solvent or Cl(-), model complexes, based on a ligand series that supports a facially ligated N,N,O core that is then modified to contain either one or two additional carboxylate chelate arms, has been structurally and spectroscopically characterized. EPR studies demonstrate that the high-spin d(5) Fe(III)g = 4.3 signal becomes more symmetrical as the number of carboxylate ligands decreases across the series Fe(N(2)O(3)), Fe(N(2)O(2)), and Fe(N(2)O(1)), reflecting an increase in the E/D strain of these complexes as the number of exchangeable/solvent coordination sites increases, paralleling the enhanced distribution of electronic structures that contribute to the spectral line shape. The observed systematic variations in the Fe(II)-Fe(III) oxidation-reduction potentials illustrate the fundamental influence of differential carboxylate ligation. The trend towards lower reduction potential for the iron center across the [Fe(III)(N(2)O(1))Cl(3)](-), [Fe(III)(N(2)O(2))Cl(2)](-) and [Fe(III)(N(2)O(3))Cl](-) series is consistent with replacement of the chloride anions with the more strongly donating anionic O-donor carboxylate ligands that are expected to stabilize the oxidized ferric state. This electrochemical trend parallels the observed dioxygen sensitivity of the three ferrous complexes (Fe(II)(N(2)O(1)) < Fe(II)(N(2)O(2)) < Fe(II)(N(2)O(3))), which form μ-oxo bridged ferric species upon exposure to air or oxygen atom donor (OAD) molecules. The observed oxygen sensitivity is particularly interesting and discussed in the context of α-ketoglutarate-dependent MNO enzyme

  9. Computational studies of the first order kinetic reactions for mononuclear copper(II) complexes having a hard-soft NS donor ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaky, R. R.; Yousef, T. A.; Abdelghany, A. M.

    2014-09-01

    The chelation behaviour of 4-((E)-2-(1-(thiophen-2-yl)ethylidene)hydrazinyl)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrole-3-carbonitrile (HL) towards Cu(II) ions has been investigated. These Cu(II) complexes are characterized by elemental analyses, molar-solid conductance, ESR, FTIR and electronic spectral studies. Also, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters (Ea, A, ΔH, ΔS, ΔG) for all thermal decomposition steps have been evaluated using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Furthermore, antimicrobial activity of the ligand and its complexes were studied against Gram-negative bacteria: Escherichia coli, Gram-positive Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis and pathogenic fungi Pseudomonas aeruginosa by using minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) method.

  10. A donor-acceptor tetrathiafulvalene ligand complexed to iron(II): synthesis, electrochemistry, and spectroscopy of [Fe(phen)2(TTF-dppz)](PF6)2.

    PubMed

    Dupont, Nathalie; Ran, Ying-Fen; Liu, Shi-Xia; Grilj, Jakob; Vauthey, Eric; Decurtins, Silvio; Hauser, Andreas

    2013-01-07

    The synthesis and photophysical properties of the complex [Fe(phen)(2)(TTF-dppz)](2+) (TTF-dppz = 4',5'-bis-(propylthio)tetrathiafulvenyl[i]dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) are described. In this complex, excitation into the metal-ligand charge transfer bands results in the population of a high-spin state of iron(II), with a decay lifetime of approximately 1.5 ns, in dichloromethane, at room temperature. An intraligand charge transfer state can also be obtained and has a lifetime of 38 ps. A mechanism for the different states reached is proposed based on transient absorption spectroscopy.

  11. Metal ions directed assembly of two coordination polymers based on an organic phosphonate anion and a multidentate N-donor ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kan, Wei-Qiu; Xu, Ji-Ming; Wen, Shi-Zheng; Yang, Lin

    2017-01-01

    Two new coordination polymers [Cd(4,4‧-tmbpt)(HL)(H2O)] (1) and [Cu(4,4‧-tmbpt)(HL)]·H2O (2) (H3L = 2‧-carboxybiphenyl-4-ylmethylphosphonic and 4,4‧-tmbpt = 1-((1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl)-3,5-bis(4-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole) have been synthesized hydrothermally. The two compounds have the same metal to ligand ratio, but different metal ions. As a result, the two compounds display different 2D layer structures, which is mainly caused by the different coordination numbers of the different metal ions. The effects of the metal ions on the structures, the optical band gaps and photoluminescent and photocatalytic properties of the compounds have been studied.

  12. Computational studies of the first order kinetic reactions for mononuclear copper(II) complexes having a hard-soft NS donor ligand.

    PubMed

    Zaky, R R; Yousef, T A; Abdelghany, A M

    2014-09-15

    The chelation behaviour of 4-((E)-2-(1-(thiophen-2-yl)ethylidene)hydrazinyl)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrole-3-carbonitrile (HL) towards Cu(II) ions has been investigated. These Cu(II) complexes are characterized by elemental analyses, molar-solid conductance, ESR, FTIR and electronic spectral studies. Also, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters (Ea, A, ΔH, ΔS, ΔG) for all thermal decomposition steps have been evaluated using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Furthermore, antimicrobial activity of the ligand and its complexes were studied against Gram-negative bacteria: Escherichia coli, Gram-positive Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis and pathogenic fungi Pseudomonas aeruginosa by using minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) method.

  13. Iron coordination chemistry with new ligands containing triazole and pyridine moieties. Comparison of the coordination ability of the N-donors.

    PubMed

    Ségaud, Nathalie; Rebilly, Jean-Noël; Sénéchal-David, Katell; Guillot, Régis; Billon, Laurianne; Baltaze, Jean-Pierre; Farjon, Jonathan; Reinaud, Olivia; Banse, Frédéric

    2013-01-18

    We report the synthesis, characterization, and solution chemistry of a series of new Fe(II) complexes based on the tetradentate ligand N-methyl-N,N'-bis(2-pyridyl-methyl)-1,2-diaminoethane or the pentadentate ones N,N',N'-tris(2-pyridyl-methyl)-1,2-diaminoethane and N,N',N'-tris(2-pyridyl-methyl)-1,3-diaminopropane, modified by propynyl or methoxyphenyltriazolyl groups on the amino functions. Six of these complexes are characterized by X-ray crystallography. In particular, two of them exhibit an hexadentate coordination environment around Fe(II) with two amino, three pyridyl, and one triazolyl groups. UV-visible and cyclic voltammetry experiments of acetonitrile solutions of the complexes allow to deduce accurately the structure of all Fe(II) species in equilibrium. The stability of the complexes could be ranked as follows: [L(5)Fe(II)-py](2+) > [L(5)Fe(II)-Cl](+) > [L(5)Fe(II)-triazolyl](2+) > [L(5)Fe(II)-(NCMe)](2+), where L(5) designates a pentadentate coordination sphere composed of the two amines of ethanediamine and three pyridines. For complexes based on propanediamine, the hierarchy determined is [L(5)Fe(II)-Cl](+) > [L(5)Fe(II)(OTf)](+) > [L(5)Fe(II)-(NCMe)](2+), and no ligand exchange could be evidenced for [L(5)Fe(II)-triazolyl](2+). Reactivity of the [L(5)Fe(II)-triazolyl](2+) complexes with hydrogen peroxide and PhIO is similar to the one of the parent complexes that lack this peculiar group, that is, generation of Fe(III)(OOH) and Fe(IV)(O), respectively. Accordingly, the ability of these complexes at catalyzing the oxidation of small organic molecules by these oxidants follows the tendencies of their previously reported counterparts. Noteworthy is the remarkable cyclooctene epoxidation activity by these complexes in the presence of PhIO.

  14. Binuclear and tetranuclear Mn(II) clusters in coordination polymers derived from semirigid tetracarboxylate and N-donor ligands: syntheses, new topology structures and magnetism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiao-Ling; Liu, Guang-Zhen; Xin, Ling-Yun; Wang, Li-Ya

    2017-02-01

    Two topologically new Mn(II) coordination polymers, namely {[Mn2(H4ipca)(4,4‧-bpy)1.5(CH3CH2OH)0.5(H2O)1.5]·0.5CH3CH2OH·2.5H2O}n (1) and {Mn4(H4ipca)2(bze)(H2O)4}n (2) were prepared by the solvothermal reactions of Mn(II) acetate with 5-(2',3'-dicarboxylphenoxy)isophthalic acid (H4ipca) in the presence of different N-donor coligands (4,4‧-bpy=4,4‧-bipyridyl and bze=1, 4-bis(1-imidazoly)benzene). The single crystal X-ray diffractions reveal that two complexes display 3D metal-organic frameworks with binuclear and tetranuclear Mn(II) units, respectively. Complex 1 features a (3,4,6)-connected porous framework based on dinuclear Mn(II) unit with the (4.52)2(42.68.83.92)(52.8.92.10) new topology, and complex 2 possesses a (3,8)-connected network based on tetranuclear Mn(II) unit with the (42.6)2(44.614.77.82.9) new topology. Magnetic analyses indicate that both two compounds show weak antiferromagnetic interactions within binuclear and tetranuclear Mn(II) units.

  15. Solvothermal self-assembly of Cd(2+) coordination polymers with supramolecular networks involving N-donor ligands and aromatic dicarboxylates: synthesis, crystal structure and photoluminescence studies.

    PubMed

    Rachuri, Yadagiri; Parmar, Bhavesh; Bisht, Kamal Kumar; Suresh, Eringathodi

    2017-03-14

    Two cadmium(ii) coordination polymers (CPs) of compositions {[Cd(H2O)4(4-BPDB)][BPDC]}n (CP1) and {[Cd(H2O)(BrIP)(BTTMB)]·4MeOH}n (CP2) have been synthesized by solvothermal methods and characterized by several analytical methods including SXRD (Single Crystal X-ray Diffraction). The structure of CP1 can be described as a 1D cationic chain, {[Cd(H2O)4(4-BPDB)](2+)}n and discrete BPDC counter anions. The structure of CP2 revealed an undulated 2D sql net comprising Cd(2+) nodes bridged by the ditopic N-donor, BTTMB and dicarboxylate BrIP involved in μ2-η(1)η(1)η(1)η(1) coordination. Supramolecular interactions in both CPs generate 3D hydrogen bonded architectures. The solid state fluorescence properties of these d(10) metal ion containing CPs have been investigated. Fluorescence emission of CP1 suspended in acetonitrile is observed to be selectively quenched by acetone (LOD = 0.15 mM) over other common laboratory solvents.

  16. New structural forms in molecular metal phosphonates: novel tri- and hexanuclear zinc(II) cages containing phosphonate and pyrazole ligands.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Kingsley, Savariraj; Rhatigan, Brian; Lam, Matthew K; Rheingold, Arnold L

    2002-03-11

    The reaction of ZnCl(2) with tert-butylphosphonic acid and 3,5-dimethylpyrazole in the presence of triethylamine as a hydrogen chloride scavenger affords a trinuclear molecular zinc phosphonate [Zn(3)Cl(2)(3,5-Me(2)Pz)(4)(t-BuPO(3))(2)]. The structure of this compound contains a planar trizinc assembly containing two bicapping mu(3) [t-BuPO(3)](2-) ligands and terminal pyrazole and chloride ligands. In contrast an analogous reaction of ZnCl(2) with phenylphosphonic acid and 3,5-dimethylpyrazole affords a hexanuclear zinc phosphonate [Zn(6)Cl(4)(3,5-Me(2)PzH)(8)(PhPO(3))(4)]. The six zinc centers are arranged in a chairlike conformation. The four phosphonates in this complex also act as bridging tripodal mu(3) [RPO(3)](2-) ligands.

  17. Anion-solvent dependence of bistability in a family of meridional N-donor-ligand-containing iron(II) spin crossover complexes.

    PubMed

    Leita, Ben A; Neville, Suzanne M; Halder, Gregory J; Moubaraki, Boujemaa; Kepert, Cameron J; Létard, Jean-François; Murray, Keith S

    2007-10-15

    Five mononuclear spin crossover iron(II) bis-meridional ligand complexes of the general formula [Fe(L)(2)](X)(2).solvent, have been synthesized, where X = BF(4)- or ClO(4)-; L = 2-(1-pyridin-2-ylmethyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-pyrazine (picpzpz) or 2-(3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazol-1-ylmethyl)pyridine) (picpypz); solvent = MeOH or EtOH. The magnetic and structural consequences of systematic variation of meridional ligand, solvent, and anion, including a desolvated species, have been investigated. The complex [Fe(picpzpz)(2)](BF(4))(2).MeOH, 1.MeOH, displays several unique properties including a two-step spin transition with a gradual higher-temperature step ((1)T(1/2) = 197 K) and an abrupt low-temperature step with hysteresis ((2)T(1/2) = 91/98 K) and a metastable intermediate spin state below 70 K with quench-cooling. Removal of the solvent methanol results in the loss of the abrupt step and associated hysteresis (T(1/2) = 150 K). The complexes [Fe(picpzpz)(2)](BF(4))(2).EtOH (1.EtOH), [Fe(picpzpz)(2)](ClO(4))(2).MeOH (2.MeOH), [Fe(picpzpz)(2)](ClO(4))(2).EtOH (2.EtOH), and [Fe(picpypz)(2)](BF(4))(2).MeOH (3.MeOH) all show gradual one-step spin transitions with T(1/2) values in the range 210-250 K. Photomagnetic LIESST measurements on 1.MeOH reveal a near-quantitative excitation of high-spin sites and a unique two-step relaxation process related to the two-step thermal spin transition ((1)T(LIESST) = 49 K and (2)T(LIESST) = 70 K). The structural consequences of the unusual spin transition displayed by 1.MeOH have been investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction structural analyses between 25 and 293 K. Detailed characterization of the unit cell parameter evolution vs temperature reflects both the gradual high-temperature step and abrupt low-temperature step, including the thermal hysteresis, observed magnetically.

  18. Synthesis, structural characterization, QSAR and docking studies of a new binuclear nickel (II) complex based on the flexible tetradentate N-donor ligand as a potent antibacterial and anticancer agent.

    PubMed

    Beheshti, Azizolla; Hashemi, Faezeh; Behavndi, Fatemeh; Zahedi, Mansour; Kolahi, Maryam; Motamedi, Hossein; Mayer, Peter

    2017-11-01

    A new nickel (II)complex namely [Ni2(Lt)Cl4] derived from the NiCl2.6H2O and 1,1,3,3-tetrakis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)propane (Lt) has been synthesized and fully characterized by the single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV-vis, density functional theory (DFT) calculations, antibacterial and anticancer activities. In the title complex, each of the Ni(II) atoms is tetrahedrally coordinated by two N atoms from one of the chelating bidentate bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)methane units of the Lt ligand and two Cl as terminal ligands. The neighboring [Ni2(Lt)Cl4] molecules are linked together by the intermolecular CH⋯Cl hydrogen bonds to generate a 1D chain structure. The chains are further stabilized by the intermolecular CH⋯π interactions to form a two-dimensional non-covalent bonded structure. The antibacterial activity of the free Lt ligand and its Ni (II) complex shows that the ability of these compounds to inhibit growth of the tested bacteria increase from the Lt to binuclear nickel (II) complex. Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) study of the treated B. subtilis and E. coli bacteria was implemented to understand the structural changes caused by the interactions between the nickel (II) complex and the target bacteria. The cytotoxicity test of the Lt ligand and its complex was evaluated against the human carcinoma cell line (Caco-2) using the MTT assay. The results indicate that the Lt ligand and its complex display cytotoxicity against Caco-2 with the IC50 values of 36.29μM and 12.97μM, respectively. Therefore, the complex can be nominated as a potential anticancer agent. Molecular docking investigations on the five standard antibiotic, five standard anticancer drugs, free Lt ligand, title complex and twelve receptors were performed by Autodock vina function. The results of docking and DFT calculations are in line with the in vitro data obtained via the antibacterial and anticancer activity of Lt ligand and its made-complex. Copyright

  19. Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermal and antimicrobial studies of neodymium(III) and samarium(III) complexes derived from tetradentate ligands containing N and S donor atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ain, Qurratul; Pandey, S. K.; Pandey, O. P.; Sengupta, S. K.

    2015-04-01

    Trivalent lanthanide complexes of the type [Ln(L)Cl(H2O)2] (where Ln = Nd(III) or Sm(III) and LH2 = Schiff bases derived by the condensation of 3-(phenyl/substitutedphenyl)-4-amino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole with diacetyl/benzil) have been synthesized by the reactions of anhydrous lanthanide(III) chloride with Schiff bases in methanol. The structures of the complexes have been proposed on the basis of elemental analysis, electrical conductance, magnetic moment, spectroscopic measurements (IR, 1H, 13C NMR and UV-vis spectra) and X-ray diffraction studies. The spectral data reveal that the Schiff base ligands behave as dibasic tetradentate chelating agents having coordination sites at two thiol sulfur atoms and two azomethine nitrogen atoms. The presence of coordinated water in metal complexes was confirmed by thermal and IR data of the complexes. All the Schiff bases and their metal complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and antifungal activities against Aspergillus niger, Curvularia pallescens and Colletotrichum capsici.

  20. Correlation between DNA interactions and cytotoxic activity of four new ternary compounds of copper(II) with N-donor heterocyclic ligands.

    PubMed

    Silva, Priscila P; Guerra, Wendell; Dos Santos, Geandson Coelho; Fernandes, Nelson G; Silveira, Josiane N; da Costa Ferreira, Ana M; Bortolotto, Tiago; Terenzi, Hernán; Bortoluzzi, Adailton João; Neves, Ademir; Pereira-Maia, Elene C

    2014-03-01

    Four new ternary complexes of copper(II) were synthesized and characterized: [Cu(hyd)(bpy)(acn)(ClO4)](ClO4)] (1), [Cu(hyd)(phen)(acn)(ClO4)](ClO4)] (2), [Cu(Shyd)(bpy)(acn)(ClO4)](ClO4)] (3) and [Cu(Shyd)(phen)(acn)(ClO4)](ClO4)] (4), in which acn=acetonitrile; hyd=2-furoic acid hydrazide, bpy=2,2-bipyridine; phen=1,10-phenanthroline and Shyd=2-thiophenecarboxylic acid hydrazide. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes in a chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line was investigated. All complexes are able to enter cells and inhibit cellular growth in a concentration-dependent manner, with an activity higher than that of the corresponding free ligands. The substitution of Shyd for hyd increases the activity, while the substitution of bpy for phen renders the complex less active. Therefore, the most potent complex is 4 with an IC50 value of 1.5±0.2μM. The intracellular copper concentration needed to inhibit 50% of cell growth is approximately 7×10(-15)mol/cell. It is worth notifying that a correlation between cytotoxic activity, DNA binding affinity and DNA cleavage was found: 1<3<2<4.

  1. Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermal and antimicrobial studies of neodymium(III) and samarium(III) complexes derived from tetradentate ligands containing N and S donor atoms.

    PubMed

    Ain, Qurratul; Pandey, S K; Pandey, O P; Sengupta, S K

    2015-04-05

    Trivalent lanthanide complexes of the type [Ln(L)Cl(H2O)2] (where Ln=Nd(III) or Sm(III) and LH2=Schiff bases derived by the condensation of 3-(phenyl/substitutedphenyl)-4-amino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole with diacetyl/benzil) have been synthesized by the reactions of anhydrous lanthanide(III) chloride with Schiff bases in methanol. The structures of the complexes have been proposed on the basis of elemental analysis, electrical conductance, magnetic moment, spectroscopic measurements (IR, 1H, 13C NMR and UV-vis spectra) and X-ray diffraction studies. The spectral data reveal that the Schiff base ligands behave as dibasic tetradentate chelating agents having coordination sites at two thiol sulfur atoms and two azomethine nitrogen atoms. The presence of coordinated water in metal complexes was confirmed by thermal and IR data of the complexes. All the Schiff bases and their metal complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and antifungal activities against Aspergillus niger, Curvularia pallescens and Colletotrichum capsici.

  2. Synthesis and physicochemical characterization of two lead(II) complexes with O-, N-donor ligands. Lone pair functionality and crystal structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Masternak, Joanna; Barszcz, Barbara; Hodorowicz, Maciej; Khavryuchenko, Oleksiy V.; Majka, Alina

    2015-02-01

    A dinuclear [Pb2(4-CHO-5-MeIm)6(NO3)2](NO3)2 (1) and a polynuclear [Pb(2-pzc)2(H2O)]n (2) complexes (where 5(4)-carbaldehyde-4(5)-methylimidazole (5(4)-CHO-4(5)-MeIm) and pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (2-pzcH)) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. Structural determination for complex 1 reveals a cationic species [Pb(4-CHO-5-MeIm)3]2+ connected through bridging nitrate(V) ions. There are also an uncoordinated nitrate ions as counterions. Complex 2 is a three-dimensional architecture consisting of Pb6O12 building units. The pyrazine-2-carboxylato ligand behaves as a chelating agent and a bi-connective bridge. The coordination polyhedra around lead(II) ion could be described as a distorted docecahedron (1) or monocapped trigonal prism (2). The luminescent properties of 1 and 2 investigated in the solid state at room temperature indicate structure-dependent photoluminescent properties. The DFT calculations and the X-ray structural data point on rather hemidirected type of coordination around Pb(II) ions of 1 and 2.

  3. Synthesis and physicochemical characterization of two lead(II) complexes with O-, N-donor ligands. Lone pair functionality and crystal structure.

    PubMed

    Masternak, Joanna; Barszcz, Barbara; Hodorowicz, Maciej; Khavryuchenko, Oleksiy V; Majka, Alina

    2015-02-05

    A dinuclear [Pb2(4-CHO-5-MeIm)6(NO3)2](NO3)2 (1) and a polynuclear [Pb(2-pzc)2(H2O)]n (2) complexes (where 5(4)-carbaldehyde-4(5)-methylimidazole (5(4)-CHO-4(5)-MeIm) and pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (2-pzcH)) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. Structural determination for complex 1 reveals a cationic species [Pb(4-CHO-5-MeIm)3]2+ connected through bridging nitrate(V) ions. There are also an uncoordinated nitrate ions as counterions. Complex 2 is a three-dimensional architecture consisting of Pb6O12 building units. The pyrazine-2-carboxylato ligand behaves as a chelating agent and a bi-connective bridge. The coordination polyhedra around lead(II) ion could be described as a distorted docecahedron (1) or monocapped trigonal prism (2). The luminescent properties of 1 and 2 investigated in the solid state at room temperature indicate structure-dependent photoluminescent properties. The DFT calculations and the X-ray structural data point on rather hemidirected type of coordination around Pb(II) ions of 1 and 2.

  4. Synthesis, characterization, redox property and biological activity of Ru(II) carbonyl complexes containing O,N-donor ligands and heterocyclic bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, K. Naresh; Ramesh, R.

    2004-10-01

    Stable ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes having the general composition [RuCl(CO)(PPh 3)(B)(L)] (where B=PPh 3, pyridine, piperidine or morpholine; L = anion of bidentate Schiff bases (Vanmet, Vanampy, Vanchx)) were synthesized from the reaction of [RuHCl(CO)(PPh 3) 2(B)] with bidentate Schiff base ligands derived from condensation of o-vanillin with primary amines such as methylamine, 2-aminopyridine and cyclohexylamine. The new complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis and 1H NMR spectral data. The redox property of the complexes were studied by cyclic voltammetric technique and the stability of the complexes towards oxidation were related to the electron releasing or electron withdrawing ability of the substituent in the phenyl ring of o-vanillin. An octahedral geometry has been assigned for all the complexes. In all the above reactions, the Schiff bases replace one molecule of PPh 3 and hydride ion from the starting complexes, which indicate that the Ru-N bonds present in the complexes containing heterocyclic nitrogen bases are stronger than the Ru-P. The Schiff bases and their ruthenium(II) complexes have been tested in vitro to evaluate their activity against bacteria, viz., Staphylococus aureus (209p) and E. coli (ESS 2231).

  5. Rare-earth-metal alkylaluminates supported by N-donor-functionalized cyclopentadienyl ligands: C-H bond activation and performance in isoprene polymerization.

    PubMed

    Jende, Lars N; Maichle-Mössmer, Cäcilia; Anwander, Reiner

    2013-11-25

    Homoleptic tetramethylaluminate complexes [Ln(AlMe4)3] (Ln=La, Nd, Y) reacted with HCp(NMe2) (Cp(NMe2) =1-[2-(N,N-dimethylamino)-ethyl]-2,3,4,5-tetramethyl-cyclopentadienyl) in pentane at -35 °C to yield half-sandwich rare-earth-metal complexes, [{C5 Me4CH2CH2NMe2 (AlMe3)}Ln(AlMe4)2]. Removal of the N-donor-coordinated trimethylaluminum group through donor displacement by using an equimolar amount of Et2O at ambient temperature only generated the methylene-bridged complexes [{C5Me4CH2CH2NMe(μ-CH2)AlMe3}Ln(AlMe4)] with the larger rare-earth-metal ions lanthanum and neodymium. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the formation of isostructural complexes and the C-H bond activation of one aminomethyl group. The formation of Ln(μ-CH2)Al moieties was further corroborated by (13)C and (1)H-(13)C HSQC NMR spectroscopy. In the case of the largest metal center, lanthanum, this C-H bond activation could be suppressed at -35 °C, thereby leading to the isolation of [(Cp(NMe2))La(AlMe4)2], which contains an intramolecularly coordinated amino group. The protonolysis reaction of [Ln(AlMe4)3] (Ln=La, Nd) with the anilinyl-substituted cyclopentadiene HCp(AMe2) (Cp(AMe2) =1-[1-(N,N-dimethylanilinyl)]-2,3,4,5-tetramethylcyclopentadienyl) at -35 °C generated the half-sandwich complexes [(Cp(AMe2))Ln(AlMe4)2]. Heating these complexes at 75 °C resulted in the C-H bond activation of one of the anilinium methyl groups and the formation of [{C5Me4C6H4NMe(μ-CH2)AlMe3}Ln(AlMe4)] through the elimination of methane. In contrast, the smaller yttrium metal center already gave the aminomethyl-activated complex at -35 °C, which is isostructural to those of lanthanum and neodymium. The performance of complexes [{C5Me4CH2CH2NMe(μ-CH2 )AlMe3}-Ln(AlMe4)], [(Cp(AMe2))Ln(AlMe4)2], and [{C5Me4C6H4NMe(μ-CH2)AlMe3}Ln(AlMe4)] in the polymerization of isoprene was investigated upon activation with [Ph3C][B(C6F5)4], [PhNMe2 H][B(C6F5)4], and B(C6F5)3. The highest stereoselectivities were observed

  6. Electron-transfer and acid-base properties of a two-electron oxidized form of quaterpyrrole that acts as both an electron donor and an acceptor.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Min; E, Wenbo; Ohkubo, Kei; Sanchez-Garcia, David; Yoon, Dae-Wi; Sessler, Jonathan L; Fukuzumi, Shunichi; Kadish, Karl M

    2008-02-21

    Electron-transfer interconversion between the four-electron oxidized form of a quaterpyrrole (abbreviated as P4 for four pyrroles) and the two-electron oxidized form (P4H2) as well as between P4H2 and its fully reduced form (P4H4) bearing analogous substituents in the alpha- and beta-pyrrolic positions was studied by means of cyclic voltammetry and UV-visible spectroelectrochemistry combined with ESR and laser flash photolysis measurements. The two-electron oxidized form, P4H2, acts as both an electron donor and an electron acceptor. The radical cation (P4H2*+) and radical anion (P4H2*-) are both produced by photoinduced electron transfer from dimeric 1-benzyl-1,4-dihydronicotinamide to P4H2, whereas the cation radical form of the compound is also produced by electron-transfer oxidation of P4H2 with [Ru(bpy)3]3+. The ESR spectra of P4H2*+ and P4H2*- were recorded at low temperature and exhibit spin delocalization over all four pyrrole units. Thus, the two-electron oxidized form of the quaterpyrrole (P4H2) displays redox and electronic features analogous to those seen in the case of porphyrins and may be considered as a simple, open-chain model of this well-studied tetrapyrrolic macrocycle. The dynamics of deprotonation from P4H2*+ and disproportionation of P4H2 were examined by laser flash photolysis measurements of photoinduced electron-transfer oxidation and reduction of P4H2, respectively.

  7. Synthesis and Characterization of a Ditriflate-Bridged, Diiron(II) Complex with Syn-N-Donor Ligands: [Fe(2)(μ-OTf)(2)(PIC(2)DET)(2)](BARF)(2).

    PubMed

    Kodanko, Jeremy J; Lippard, Stephen J

    2008-03-03

    The synthesis and characterization of the diiron(II) complex [Fe(2)(μ-OTf)(2)-(PIC(2)DET)(2)](BARF)(2) (2), where PIC(2)DET is a 2,3-diethynyltriptycene-linked dipicolinic methyl ester ligand, are described. The dication in 2, contains, [Fe(2)(μ-OTf)(2)(PIC(2)DET)(2)](2+) two symmetry-equivalent iron atoms with octahedral coordination geometries. Each metal ion has a N(2)O(4) atom donor set that includes four atoms from two picolinic ester N,O chelate rings, as well as two oxygen atoms from the bridging trifluoromethanesulfonate groups. The Fe(2)(μ-OTf)(2) core of 2 is stabilized by two PIC(2)DET ligands that bind the two metal ions in a head-to-head fashion, leading to an Fe···Fe distance of 5.173(1)Å. Molar conductivity data for 2 are consistent with Fe(2)(μ-OTf)(2)(PIC(2)DET)(2)](2+) retaining its identity in acetone solutions, where it behaves as a 2:1 electrolyte. (1)H NMR spectroscopic, solution (d(6)-acetone) and solid-state magnetic susceptibility data all indicate that the iron atoms of 2 are high-spin (S = 2). A fit of the magnetic data (2 - 300K) to a spin-only isotropic exchange Hamiltonian H = -2JS(1)·S(2) are consistent with weak antiferromagnetic coupling between the two iron atoms with J ~ -0.99(2) cm(-1) and g = 2.10(1).

  8. Large-Pore 3D Cubic Mesoporous (KIT-6) Hybrid Bearing a Hard-Soft Donor Combined Ligand for Enhancing U(VI) Capture: An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Li-Yong; Zhu, Lin; Xiao, Cheng-Liang; Wu, Qun-Yan; Zhang, Nan; Yu, Ji-Pan; Chai, Zhi-Fang; Shi, Wei-Qun

    2017-02-01

    A preorganized tetradentate phenanthrolineamide (DAPhen) ligand with hard and soft donors combined in the same molecule has been found to possess high extraction ability toward actinides over lanthanides from acidic aqueous solution in our previous work. Herein we grafted phenanthrolineamide groups onto a large-pore three-dimensional cubic silica support by the reaction of DAPhen siloxane with KIT-6 substrate to prepare a novel uranium-selective sorbent, KIT-6-DAPhen. The as-synthesized sorbent was well-characterized by scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, N2 adsorption/desorption, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR, (13)C cross-polarization magic-angle spinning NMR, and TGA techniques, which confirmed the consummation of the functionalization. Subsequently, the effects of contact time, solution pH, initial U(VI) concentration, and the presence of competing metal ions on the U(VI) sorption onto KIT-6-DAPhen sorbent were investigated in detail. It was found that KIT-6-DAPhen showed largely enhanced sorption capacity and excellent selectivity toward U(VI). The maximum sorption capacity of KIT-6-DAPhen at pH 5.0 reaches 328 mg of U/g of sorbent, which is superior to most of functionalized mesoporous silica materials. Density functional theory coupled with quasi-relativistic small-core pseudopotentials was used to explore the sorption interaction between U(VI) and KIT-6-DAPhen, which gives a sorption reaction of KIT-6-DAPhen + [UO2(H2O)5](2+) + NO3(-) ⇄ [UO2(KIT-6-DAPhen)(NO3)](+) + 5H2O. The findings of the present work provide new clues for developing new actinide sorbents by combining new ligands with various mesoporous matrixes.

  9. Design and construction of coordination polymers based on 2,2'-dinitro-4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylate and semi-rigid N-donor ligands: diverse structures and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Li, Baiyan; Yang, Fen; Zhang, Yiming; Li, Guanghua; Zhou, Qi; Hua, Jia; Shi, Zhan; Feng, Shouhua

    2012-03-07

    Eight 2D and 3D coordination polymers, [Mn(NBPDC)(1,4-bimb)](n) (1), [Zn(NBPDC)(1,4-bimb)](n) (2), [Cd(NBPDC)(1,4-bimb)](n) (3), [Mn(2)(NBPDC)(2)(1,3-bimb)(H(2)O)](n) (4), {Zn(NBPDC)(1,3-bimb)}(n) (5), [Cd(2)(NBPDC)(2)(1,3-bimb)(2)(H(2)O)](n) (6), [Mn(NBPDC)(4,4'-bimbp)](n) (7), and [Cd(2)(NBPDC)(2)(4,4'-bimbp)(2)](n) (8), (NBPDC = 2,2'-dinitro-4,4'-biphenyldicarboxyl acid, 1,4-bimb = 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl) benzene, 1,3-bimb = 1,3-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl) benzene, and 4,4'-bimbp = 4,4'-(bis(imidazol-l-ylmethylene)) biphenyl), have been prepared and structurally characterized. In these coordination polymers, NBPDC and three N-donor ligands link different metal ions and SBUs to construct diverse architectures. Compounds 1 and 3 are isomorphic, showing a two-fold interpenetrating pcu topology. Compound 2 presents a 2D (4, 4) net. Compound 4 is a hex framework built by the linkage of ligands with infinite rod-shaped SBUs. Compound 5 presents a unprecedented eight-fold interpenetrating sra topology. Compound 6 exhibits a unique 2D {6(3)}{6(5).8} topology with four-fold interpenetrating structure. Compound 7 presents a 3D hex topology, and compound 8 shows a (4, 4) net. The magnetic properties of compounds 1, 4, and 7 have been characterized. Compound 1 displays interesting spin-canting antiferromagnetism and metamagnetism simultaneously. Compound 7 exhibits spin-canting antiferromagnetism.

  10. Theoretical and experimental studies of Cu(II) and Zn(II) coordination compounds with N,O donor bidentate Schiff base ligand containing amino phenol moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusmariya, Brajendra S.; Tiwari, Anjali; Mishra, A. P.; Naikoo, Gowhar Ahmad

    2016-09-01

    We report here two mononuclear Cu(II) and Zn(II) coordination compounds of general formula [CuII(L)2].2H2O (1) and [ZnII(L)2].3H2O (2) derived from bidentate 2-chloro-6-{[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}-4 nitrophenol ligand (HL). These compounds were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, uv-vis, 1H NMR, molar conductance, thermal, PXRD, SEM-EDX and electrochemical studies. The PXRD and SEM analysis shows the amorphous/nanocrystalline nature of 1 and crystalline nature of 2. The diffraction peak broadening was explained in terms of domain size and the crystallite lattice strain. Thermogravimetric analysis in the range of 300-1172 K has been performed to determine the thermal stability of synthesized compounds. The non-isothermal kinetic parameters of degradation process were calculated using Coats-Redfern (C-R), Piloyan-Novikova (P-N) and Horowitz-Metzger (H-M) methods assuming first order degradation and proposed a random nucleation mechanism of thermal decomposition for both compounds. The cyclic voltammetric studies reveal the irreversibility of the oxidation/reduction process of synthesized compounds. To support the experimental findings theoretical calculations by means of DFT and TD-DFT at B3LYP level were incorporated. In addition; frequency calculations, HOMO-LUMO, energy gap (ΔE), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), spin density and crystal packing were also computed at the same level of theory.

  11. Evaluating deceased donor registries: identifying predictive factors of donor designation.

    PubMed

    Hajhosseini, Babak; Stewart, Bryan; Tan, Jane C; Busque, Stephan; Melcher, Marc L

    2013-03-01

    The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the performance of the deceased donor registries of the 50 states and the District of Columbia and to identify possible predictive factors of donor designation. Data were collected retrospectively by Donate Life America using a questionnaire sent to Donor Designation Collaborative state teams between 2007 and 2010. By the end of 2010, there were 94,669,081 designated donors nationwide. This accounted for 39.8 per cent of the U.S. population aged 18 years and over. The number of designated organ donors and registry-authorized recovered donors increased each year; however, the total number of recovered donors in 2010 was the lowest since 2004. Donor designation rate was significantly higher when license applicants were verbally questioned at the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) regarding their willingness to register as a donor and when DMV applicants were not given an option on DMV application forms to contribute money to support organ donation, compared with not being questioned verbally, and being offered an option to contribute money. State registries continue to increase the total number of designated organ donors; however, the current availability of organs remains insufficient to meet the demand. These data suggest that DMV applicants who are approached verbally regarding their willingness to register as a donor and not given an option on DMV application forms to contribute money to support organ donation might be more likely to designate themselves to be a donor.

  12. The sigma-1 receptors are present in monomeric and oligomeric forms in living cells in the presence and absence of ligands

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Deo R.; Biener, Gabriel; Yang, Jay; Oliver, Julie A.; Ruoho, Arnold; Raicu, Valerică

    2015-01-01

    The sigma-1 receptor (S1R) is a 223-amino-acid membrane protein that resides in the endoplasmic reticulum and the plasma membrane of some mammalian cells. The S1R is regulated by various synthetic molecules including (+)-pentazocine, cocaine and haloperidol and endogenous molecules such as sphingosine, dimethyltryptamine and dehydroepiandrosterone. Ligand-regulated protein chaperone functions linked to oxidative stress and neurodegenerative disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and neuropathic pain have been attributed to the S1R. Several client proteins that interact with S1R have been identified including various types of ion channels and G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). When S1R constructs containing C-terminal monomeric GFP2 and YFP fusions were co-expressed in COS-7 cells and subjected to FRET spectrometry analysis, monomers, dimers and higher oligomeric forms of S1R were identified under non-liganded conditions. In the presence of the prototypic S1R agonist, (+)-pentazocine, however, monomers and dimers were the prevailing forms of S1R. The prototypic antagonist, haloperidol, on the other hand, favoured higher order S1R oligomers. These data, in sum, indicate that heterologously expressed S1Rs occur in vivo in COS-7 cells in multiple oligomeric forms and that S1R ligands alter these oligomeric structures. We suggest that the S1R oligomerization states may regulate its function(s). PMID:25510962

  13. Complexes of different nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligands with SbCl3 and PhSbCl2 as potential antileishmanial agents against Sb(III)-sensitive and -resistant parasites.

    PubMed

    Lizarazo-Jaimes, Edgar H; Reis, Priscila G; Bezerra, Filipe M; Rodrigues, Bernardo L; Monte-Neto, Rubens L; Melo, Maria N; Frézard, Frédéric; Demicheli, Cynthia

    2014-03-01

    Novel trivalent antimony complexes with the nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) or dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (dpq) have been synthesized by the reaction with SbCl3 or PhSbCl2. The crystal structures of [Sb(phen)Cl3] and [PhSb(phen)Cl2]CH3COOH were determined and shown to adopt a distorted square pyramid geometry with a five-coordinated Sb center. Surprisingly, all the complexes, the ligands and PhSbCl2 showed very high antileishmanial activities, with IC50 in the nanomolar range against Sb(III)-sensitive and -resistant Leishmania infantum (syn. Leishmania chagasi) and Leishmania amazonensis strains. These compounds were much more active against these Leishmania strains than the old trivalent drug potassium antimonyl tartrate. [PhSb(phen)Cl2]CH3COOH complex was found to be the most active compound and the lack of cross-resistance of PhSbCl2 suggests that the transport pathways of this compound across the cell membrane differ from those responsible for the resistance of Leishmania to Sb(OH)3. In the case of the complexes with PhSbCl2, our data supports the model that both ligand and metal contributed to the overall activity of the complex. Furthermore, among the complexes with SbCl3, only bipy showed an improved activity upon complexation. Cytotoxicity evaluations of these compounds against murine peritoneal macrophages showed high selective indexes in the range of 7-70 for [Sb(phen)Cl3], [Sb(bipy)Cl3] and [Sb(dpq)Cl3] complexes, being much more selective than potassium antimonyl tartrate. In conclusion, this study presents a set of new antileishmanial agents including one of the most active Sb-based compounds ever reported, which can contribute to the development of new chemotherapeutic strategies against leishmaniasis including Sb-resistant cases.

  14. Synthesis, X-ray crystal structure, photo luminescent property, antimicrobial activities and DFT computational study of Zn(II) coordination polymer derived from multisite N,O donor Schiff base ligand (H2L1)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majumdar, Dhrubajyoti; Surendra Babu, M. S.; Das, Sourav; Biswas, Jayanta Kumar; Mondal, Monojit; Hazra, Suman

    2017-06-01

    A unique thiocyanato linked 1D chain of Zn(II) coordination polymer [Zn2L1(μ1,3-SCN)(η1SCN)]n (1) has been synthesized using potential multisite compartmental N,O donor Schiff base blocker ligand (L1H2) in presence of Zn(OAc)2 and KSCN. The Schiff base ligand [N, N‧-bis(3-methoxysalicylidenimino)-1,3-daminopropane] (L1H2) is 2:1 M ratio condensation product of O-vaniline and 1,3-diaminopropane in methanol medium. The characterization of Complex 1 was accomplished by means of different micro analytical techniques like elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, emission spectroscopy and Single X-ray crystallographic study. Complex 1 crystallizes in Orthorhombic system, space group Pbca, with values a = 11.579(2), b = 18.538(3), and c = 22.160(4) Å; α = β = γ = 90.00°; V = 4756.6(14) and Z = 8. The single crystal X-ray revealed that the one dimensional chain system with the repeating unit [Zn2(μ1,3-SCN)(η1SCN)(L1)]n bridge by an end to end μ1,3 thiocyanate anion. Within each repeating unit two different types of Zn(II) ions are present. One of these is five-coordinate in a square pyramidal geometry while the other is six-coordinate in an octahedral geometry. A brief but lucid comparative approach has been demonstrated in between Schiff base (L1H2) and complex 1 with respect to their photoluminescence activities. Active luminescence behavior of complex 1 in presence of ligand (L1H2) is due to quenching of PET process which is mediated by 'chelating effect'. Complex 1 exhibits strong antimicrobial efficacy against some important Gram + ve and Gram -ve bacteria. Apart from antimicrobial potential, a combined experimental and theoretical investigation has been performed via DFT on molecular structure of complex 1 with respect to Hirshfeld surface analysis.

  15. Neutral dioxovanadium(V) complexes of biomimetic hydrazones ONO donor ligands of bioinorganic and medicinal relevance: Synthesis via air oxidation of bis(acetylaceto-nato)oxovanadium(IV), characterization, biological activity and 3D molecular modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maurya, R. C.; Rajput, S.

    2007-05-01

    The interaction of bis(acetylacetonato)oxovanadium(IV), [VO(acac) 2] with biomimetic hydrazone ONO donor ligands HL in 1:1 mole ratio [where, HL = N-(4'-benzoylidene-3'-methyl-1'-phenyl-2'-pyrazolin-5'-one)-isonicotinic acid hydrazide (bmphp-inH, I), N-(4'-butyrylidene-3'-methyl-1'-phenyl-2'-pyrazolin-5'-one)-isonicotinic acid hydrazide (bumphp-inH, II), N-(4'-acetylidene-3'-methyl-1'-phenyl-2'-pyrazolin-5'-one)-isonicotinic acid hydrazide (amphp-inH, III), N-(3'-methyl-1'-phenyl-4'-propionylidene-2'-pyrazolin-5'-one)-isonicotinic acid hydrazide (mphpp-inH, IV) and N-(4'- iso-butyrylidene-3'-methyl-1'-phenyl-2'-pyrazolin-5'-one)-isonicotinic acid hydrazide ( iso-bumphp-inH, V)] in a mixed solvent (ethanol-methanol, 1:10) via aerial oxidation for 2-3 days yield dioxovanadium(V) complexes of composition [VO 2(L)(H 2O)] · H 2O. The compounds so obtained were characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, thermogravimetry, vanadium determination, IR, Electronic, 51V NMR, 1H NMR and mass spectral studies. The 3D molecular modeling and analysis for bond lengths and bond angles have also been carried out for one of the representative compounds, [VO 2(ampph-in)(H 2O)] ( 3).

  16. Pyridazine-based Schiff base ligands with N 4O xS 2 ( x = 2, 4) donor set atoms: Synthesis, characterization, spectral studies and 13C chemical shifts computed by the GIAO-DFT and CSGT-DFT methodologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khanmohammadi, Hamid; Erfantalab, Malihe

    2010-01-01

    Six pyridazine-based Schiff base ligands, H 2L n ( n = 1-5) and H 4L, with N 4O 2S 2 and N 4O 4S 2 donor set atoms, respectively, were prepared by condensation reaction of 3,6-bis-((2-aminoethyl)thio)pyridazine with various salicyladehyde derivatives in ethanol and under solvent-free polyphosphate ester catalyzed conditions. The acid-base properties of H 2L 2 and H 2L 3 in DMSO/water (1:1) solution have been studied by spectrophotometric method at 25 °C. Optimized geometries of all compounds were also obtained at the B3LYP level of theory. Additionally, the 13C chemical shielding of gas phase H 2L 1 and H 2L 2 were studied by the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) and continuous set of gauge transformations (CSGT) methods at the level of density functional theory (DFT). The 6-311++G* basis set was utilized for all of the atoms.

  17. Determination of formal redox potentials in aqueous solution of copper(II) complexes with ligands having nitrogen and oxygen donor atoms and comparison with their EPR and UV-Vis spectral features.

    PubMed

    Tabbì, Giovanni; Giuffrida, Alessandro; Bonomo, Raffaele P

    2013-11-01

    Formal redox potentials in aqueous solution were determined for copper(II) complexes with ligands having oxygen and nitrogen as donor atoms. All the chosen copper(II) complexes have well-known stereochemistries (pseudo-octahedral, square planar, square-based pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal or tetrahedral) as witnessed by their reported spectroscopic, EPR and UV-visible (UV-Vis) features, so that a rough correlation between the measured redox potential and the typical geometrical arrangement of the copper(II) complex could be established. Negative values have been obtained for copper(II) complexes in tetragonally elongated pseudo-octahedral geometries, when measured against Ag/AgCl reference electrode. Copper(II) complexes in tetrahedral environments (or flattened tetrahedral geometries) show positive redox potential values. There is a region, always in the field of negative redox potentials which groups the copper(II) complexes exhibiting square-based pyramidal arrangements. Therefore, it is suggested that a measurement of the formal redox potential could be of great help, when some ambiguities might appear in the interpretation of spectroscopic (EPR and UV-Vis) data. Unfortunately, when the comparison is made between copper(II) complexes in square-based pyramidal geometries and those in square planar environments (or a pseudo-octahedral) a little perturbed by an equatorial tetrahedral distortion, their redox potentials could fall in the same intermediate region. In this case spectroscopic data have to be handled with great care in order to have an answer about a copper complex geometrical characteristics.

  18. Synthesis, crystal structures, DFT studies, molecular docking and urease inhibition studies of three Ni(II) complexes with a sexidentate N2O4-donor bis-Schiff base ligand.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hu; Lan, Tianxiang; Zhang, Xia; Zhang, Dongmei; Bi, Caifeng; Fan, Yuhua

    2016-12-01

    Three Ni(II) complexes with a sexidentate N2O4-donor bis-Schiff base ligand, namely Ni(C36H34N2O8)·2CH3OH (1), Ni(C28H34N2O8S2)·H2O (2) and Ni(C40H36N4O8)·3CH3OH (3) (C36H34N2O8=1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-l-phenylalanine; C28H34N2O8S2=1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-l-methionine; C40H36N4O8=1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-l-tryptophan) were synthesized and structurally characterized. Theoretical studies of the three complexes were carried out by density functional theory (DFT) Becke's three-parameter hybrid (B3LYP) method employing the 6-31G basis set. Moreover, the inhibitory activities were tested in vitro against jack bean urease. At the same time, molecular docking was investigated to determine the probable binding mode by inserting the complexes into the active site of jack bean urease. The experimental values and docking simulation exhibited that complex 3 showed strong inhibitory activity (IC50=11.27±2.08μM) compared with the positive reference acetohydroxamic acid. Their structure-activity relationships were further discussed.

  19. Pyridazine-based Schiff base ligands with N4OxS2 (x=2, 4) donor set atoms: synthesis, characterization, spectral studies and 13C chemical shifts computed by the GIAO-DFT and CSGT-DFT methodologies.

    PubMed

    Khanmohammadi, Hamid; Erfantalab, Malihe

    2010-01-01

    Six pyridazine-based Schiff base ligands, H(2)L(n) (n=1-5) and H(4)L, with N(4)O(2)S(2) and N(4)O(4)S(2) donor set atoms, respectively, were prepared by condensation reaction of 3,6-bis-((2-aminoethyl)thio)pyridazine with various salicyladehyde derivatives in ethanol and under solvent-free polyphosphate ester catalyzed conditions. The acid-base properties of H(2)L(2) and H(2)L(3) in DMSO/water (1:1) solution have been studied by spectrophotometric method at 25 degrees C. Optimized geometries of all compounds were also obtained at the B3LYP level of theory. Additionally, the (13)C chemical shielding of gas phase H(2)L(1) and H(2)L(2) were studied by the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) and continuous set of gauge transformations (CSGT) methods at the level of density functional theory (DFT). The 6-311++G* basis set was utilized for all of the atoms.

  20. An electronic spectroscopic study of micellisation of surfactants and solvation of homomicelles formed by cationic or anionic surfactants using a solvatochromic electron donor acceptor dye

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kedia, Niraja; Sarkar, Amrita; Purkayastha, Pradipta; Bagchi, Sanjib

    2014-10-01

    Solvatochromic absorption and fluorescence bands of a donor-acceptor dye have been utilised for following the micellisation and for probing the polarity of the aqueous homomicellar phase provided separately by cationic (cetyltrimethylammonimum bromide, CTAB and dodecyltrimethylammonimum bromide, DTAB) and anionic (sodium dodecyl sulphate, SDS) surfactant. Results indicate that for a low concentration of surfactant (below cmc) the dye forms a dimer in aqueous solution. In a micellar media, however, the dye exists as monomers. A strong dye-micelle interaction, as indicated by the shift of the solvatochromic intramolecular charge transfer band of the dye, has also been indicated. The absorption and fluorescence parameters of the dye have been utilised for studying the onset of aggregation of the surfactants. An iterative procedure has been developed for the estimation of cmc and the distribution coefficient (KD) of the dye between the aqueous and the micellar phase. All the parameters provide convergent values of cmc. A high value of KD indicates that the dye exists predominantly in the micellar phase. The solvatochromic parameters characterising the dipolarity-polarisability (π*) and H-bond donation ability (α) of modes of solvation interaction in different micellar media have been estimated. The dye is found to distribute itself between two regions in a catanionic vesicle formed by surfactants SDS and DTAB, one being relatively polar than other. The distribution coefficients have been found out using the fluorescence data.

  1. An electronic spectroscopic study of micellisation of surfactants and solvation of homomicelles formed by cationic or anionic surfactants using a solvatochromic electron donor acceptor dye.

    PubMed

    Kedia, Niraja; Sarkar, Amrita; Purkayastha, Pradipta; Bagchi, Sanjib

    2014-10-15

    Solvatochromic absorption and fluorescence bands of a donor-acceptor dye have been utilised for following the micellisation and for probing the polarity of the aqueous homomicellar phase provided separately by cationic (cetyltrimethylammonimum bromide, CTAB and dodecyltrimethylammonimum bromide, DTAB) and anionic (sodium dodecyl sulphate, SDS) surfactant. Results indicate that for a low concentration of surfactant (below cmc) the dye forms a dimer in aqueous solution. In a micellar media, however, the dye exists as monomers. A strong dye-micelle interaction, as indicated by the shift of the solvatochromic intramolecular charge transfer band of the dye, has also been indicated. The absorption and fluorescence parameters of the dye have been utilised for studying the onset of aggregation of the surfactants. An iterative procedure has been developed for the estimation of cmc and the distribution coefficient (KD) of the dye between the aqueous and the micellar phase. All the parameters provide convergent values of cmc. A high value of KD indicates that the dye exists predominantly in the micellar phase. The solvatochromic parameters characterising the dipolarity-polarisability (π(*)) and H-bond donation ability (α) of modes of solvation interaction in different micellar media have been estimated. The dye is found to distribute itself between two regions in a catanionic vesicle formed by surfactants SDS and DTAB, one being relatively polar than other. The distribution coefficients have been found out using the fluorescence data.

  2. Preparation, characterization, and reactivity of dinitrogen molybdenum complexes with bis(diphenylphosphino)amine derivative ligands that form a unique 4-membered P-N-P chelate ring.

    PubMed

    Ogawa, Takahiko; Kajita, Yuji; Wasada-Tsutsui, Yuko; Wasada, Hiroaki; Masuda, Hideki

    2013-01-07

    Five dinitrogen-molybdenum complexes bearing bis(diphenylphosphino)amine derivative ligands (L(R)) that form a unique 4-membered P-N-P chelate ring, trans-[Mo(N(2))(2)(L(R))(2)] (2(R): R = Ph, Xy, p-MeOPh, 3,5-iPr(2)Ph, iPr), were prepared for the purpose of binding a dinitrogen molecule. The corresponding two dichloride-molybdenum complexes, trans-[MoCl(2)(L(R))(2)] (1(R): R = Ph, Xy), were also prepared as comparisons. FT-IR spectra of 2(R) were measured and compared the ν(N≡N) values. Moreover, X-ray crystal structure determination of 1(R) (R = Ph, Xy) and 2(R) (R = Xy, 3,5-iPr(2)Ph) is performed. These experimental results indicated that the coordinated dinitrogen molecule gets easily influenced by the N-substitutent of diphosphinoamine ligand. In addition, to investigate the effect of the properties of the diphosphinoamine ligand for the dinitrogen molybdenum complexes, we performed DFT calculations that focused on the difference of N-substituent, the dihedral angle between P-N-P plane and N-substituent aryl group, and the P-N-P bite angle. This calculation revealed that the competition between the back-donation from metal to dinitrogen and that from metal to ligand was affected by P-N-P bite angle and the dihedral angle of N-substituent of ligand. In order to examine the reactivity with respect to conversion of dinitrogen to ammonia, protonation and trimethylsilylation reactions of the coordinated dinitrogens were carried out for 2(R).

  3. Bi- and tri-metallic Rh and Ir complexes containing click derived bis- and tris-(pyrazolyl-1,2,3-triazolyl) N-N' donor ligands and their application as catalysts for the dihydroalkoxylation of alkynes.

    PubMed

    Vuong, Khuong Q; Wong, Chin M; Bhadbhade, Mohan; Messerle, Barbara A

    2014-05-28

    A series of bi-topic and tri-topic pyrazolyl-1,2,3-triazolyl donor ligands (; = 1,X-bis((4-((1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)methyl)benzene (X = 2, 3 and 4; o-C6H4(PyT)2, m-C6H4(PyT)2 and p-C6H4(PyT)2) and = 1,3,5-tris((4-((1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)methyl)benzene, 1,3,5-C6H3(PyT)3) were conveniently synthesised in 'one pot' reactions using the Cu(i) catalysed 'click' reaction. Rh(i), Ir(i), Rh(iii) and Ir(iii) complexes with ligands of the general formulae C6H6-n[(PyT)M(CO)2]n[BAr]n (M = Rh, Ir; n = 2, 3; ; ) and C6H6-n[(PyT)MCp*Cl]n[BAr]n (M = Rh, Ir; n = 2, 3; ; ) were synthesised and fully characterised. In solution each of the bi- or tri-metallic complexes and exists as a mixture of two (, ) or three ( and ) diastereomers due to the presence of a chiral centre at each metal centre in these complexes. The solid state structures of complexes and were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography and showed that each bidentate arm of these multitopic ligands coordinates to the Rh or Ir centre in a bidentate fashion via the pyrazolyl-N2 and 1,2,3-triazolyl N3' donors. The intermetallic distances in these solid state structures vary from 8.66 Å to 15.17 Å. These complexes were assessed as catalysts for the dihydroalkoxylation of alkynes using the cyclisation of 2-(5-hydroxypent-1-ynyl)benzyl alcohol, , to a mixture of two spiroketals, 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-spirol[furan-2,3'-isochroman], , and 3',4',5',6'-tetrahydro-spiro[isobenzofuran-1(3H),2'(2H)pyran], , as the model reaction. The Rh(i) complexes (), with the highest TOF of 2052 h(-1) for complex , were the most active catalysts when compared with the other complexes under investigation here. The Ir(i) complexes () were moderately active as catalysts for the same transformation. No significant enhancement in catalytic reactivity was observed with the Rh(i) series bi- and trimetallic complexes () when compared with their monometallic analogues. The bi- and trimetallic Ir

  4. A paper-based multiplexed resonance energy transfer nucleic acid hybridization assay using a single form of upconversion nanoparticle as donor and three quantum dots as acceptors.

    PubMed

    Doughan, Samer; Uddayasankar, Uvaraj; Peri, Aparna; Krull, Ulrich J

    2017-04-15

    Monodisperse aqueous upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs) were covalently immobilized on aldehyde modified cellulose paper via reductive amination to evaluate the multiplexing capacity of luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) between UCNPs and quantum dots (QDs). This is the first account of a multiplexed bioassay strategy that demonstrates the principle of use of a single form of UCNP as donor and three different color emitting QDs as acceptors to concurrently determine three analytes. Broad absorbance profiles of green, orange and red QDs that spanned from the first exciton absorption peak to the UV region were in overlap with a blue emission band from UCNPs composed of NaYF4 that was doped with 30% Yb(3+), 0.5% Tm(3+), allowing for LRET that was stimulated using 980 nm near-infrared radiation. The characteristic narrow and well-defined emission peaks of UCNPs and QDs allowed for the collection of luminescence from each nanoparticle using a band-pass optical filter and an epi-fluorescence microscope. The LRET system was used for the concurrent detection of uidA, Stx1A and tetA gene fragments with selectivity even in serum samples, and reached limits of detection of 26 fmol, 56 fmol and 76 fmol, respectively.

  5. Synthesis and transition metal coordination chemistry of a novel hexadentate bispidine ligand.

    PubMed

    Comba, Peter; Rudolf, Henning; Wadepohl, Hubert

    2015-02-14

    Reported is the new bispidine-derived hexadentate ligand (L = 3-(2-methylpyridyl)-7-(bis-2-methylpyridyl)-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane) with two tertiary amine and four pyridine donor groups. This ligand can form heterodinuclear and mononuclear complexes and, in the mononuclear compounds discussed here, the ligand may coordinate as a pentadentate ligand, with one of the bispyridinemethane-based pyridine groups un- or semi-coordinated, or as a hexadentate ligand, leading to a pentagonal pyramidal coordination geometry or, with an additional monodentate ligand, to a heptacoordinate pentagonal bipyramidal structure. The solution and solid state data presented here indicate that, with the relatively small Cu(II) and high-spin Fe(II) ions the fourth pyridine group is only semi-coordinated for steric reasons and, with the larger high-spin Mn(II) ion genuine heptacoordination is observed but with a relatively large distortion in the pentagonal equatorial plane.

  6. The human NKG2D ligand ULBP2 can be expressed at the cell surface with or without a GPI anchor and both forms can activate NK cells

    PubMed Central

    Fernández-Messina, Lola; Ashiru, Omodele; Agüera-González, Sonia; Reyburn, Hugh T.; Valés-Gómez, Mar

    2011-01-01

    The activating immune receptor NKG2D binds to several stress-induced ligands that are structurally different. MHC-class-I-related chain (MIC) A/B molecules have a transmembrane domain, whereas most UL16 binding proteins (ULBPs) are glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked molecules. The significance of this variability in membrane anchors is unclear. Here, we demonstrate that ULBP2, but not ULBP1 or ULBP3, can reach the cell surface without the GPI modification. Several proteins are expressed at the cell surface as both transmembrane and GPI-linked molecules, either via alternative splicing or by the expression of linked genes. However, to our knowledge, ULBP2 is the first single mammalian cDNA that can be expressed as either a transmembrane or a GPI-anchored protein. The rate of maturation and the levels of cell surface expression of the non-GPI-linked form were lower than those of the GPI-linked ULBP2. Nonetheless, non-GPI ULBP2 was recognised by NKG2D and triggered NK cell cytotoxicity. These data show that differences in membrane attachment by NKG2D ligands are more important for regulation of their surface expression than for cytotoxic recognition by NKG2D and emphasise that detailed characterisation of the cell biology of individual NKG2D ligands will be necessary to allow targeted modulation of this system. PMID:21224393

  7. Crystal-contact engineering to obtain a crystal form of the Kelch domain of human Keap1 suitable for ligand-soaking experiments.

    PubMed

    Hörer, Stefan; Reinert, Dirk; Ostmann, Katja; Hoevels, Yvette; Nar, Herbert

    2013-06-01

    Keap1 is a substrate adaptor protein for a Cul3-dependent ubiquitin ligase complex and plays an important role in the cellular response to oxidative stress. It binds Nrf2 with its Kelch domain and thus triggers the ubiquitinylation and degradation of Nrf2. Oxidative stress prevents the degradation of Nrf2 and leads to the activation of cytoprotective genes. Therefore, Keap1 is an attractive drug target in inflammatory diseases. The support of a medicinal chemistry effort by structural research requires a robust crystallization system in which the crystals are preferably suited for performing soaking experiments. This facilitates the generation of protein-ligand complexes in a routine and high-throughput manner. The structure of human Keap1 has been described previously. In this crystal form, however, the binding site for Nrf2 was blocked by a crystal contact. This interaction was analysed and mutations were introduced to disrupt this crystal contact. One double mutation (E540A/E542A) crystallized in a new crystal form in which the binding site for Nrf2 was not blocked and was accessible to small-molecule ligands. The crystal structures of the apo form of the mutated Keap1 Kelch domain (1.98 Å resolution) and of the complex with an Nrf2-derived peptide obtained by soaking (2.20 Å resolution) are reported.

  8. Synthesis of the donor acceptor ligand 2-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (dbpcd) and X-ray diffraction structure of the platinum(II) compound PtCl2(dbpcd) 1.5CH2Cl2

    SciTech Connect

    Atim, Silvia; Wang, Xiaoping; Richmond, Michael G.

    2010-01-01

    The synthesis of the donor acceptor ligand 2-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (dbpcd) from the Knoevenagel condensation of 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde with 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (bpcd) is reported. This new ligand reacts with PtCl2(cod) to afford the platinum(II) complex PtCl2(dbpcd) in high yield. The dbpcd ligand and PtCl2(dbpcd) have been isolated and characterized by IR and NMR spectroscopies, cyclic voltammetry, MO calculations at the extended H ckel level, and X-ray diffraction analysis in the case of PtCl2(dbpcd).

  9. Multidentate 2-pyridyl-phosphine ligands - towards ligand tuning and chirality.

    PubMed

    Hanf, S; García-Rodríguez, R; Feldmann, S; Bond, A D; Hey-Hawkins, E; Wright, D S

    2017-01-17

    In the current work a range of multidentate pyridyl-phosphine ligands are synthesised with tuneable electronic and steric character, through the incorporation of a variety of alcohols into (amino)pyridyl-phosphine frameworks. The stoichiometric reactions of compounds of the type (R2N)xP(2-py)3-x (2-py = 2-pyridyl) with alkyl as well as aryl alcohols result in the formation of (alkoxy)pyridyl-phosphines (RO)xP(2-py)3-x (R = Me, 2-Bu, Ph). This synthetic procedure also allows the introduction of enantiomerically pure alcohols, like (R)-(-)-2-BuOH and (S)-(+)-2-BuOH, and as such provides a very convenient two-step route to chiral multidentate pyridyl-phosphine ligand sets. Using the bis-amino-phosphine (Et2N)2P(2-py), the stepwise introduction of alcohols enables the synthesis of racemic alkoxy-amino-phosphines (R2N)(RO)P(2-py), as well as alkoxy-phosphines (RO)2P(2-py) and therefore offers easy access to a library of different pyridyl-phosphine ligands. Coordination studies of the (amino)pyridyl-phosphines and (alkoxy)pyridyl-phosphines with copper(i) reveal that ligands with two N donor atoms form dimeric arrangements, while (PhO)2P(2-py), in-corporating only one N donor atom, shows completely different coordination behaviour.

  10. Chimeras of the native form or achondroplasia mutant (G375C) of human fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 induce ligand-dependent differentiation of PC12 cells.

    PubMed Central

    Thompson, L M; Raffioni, S; Wasmuth, J J; Bradshaw, R A

    1997-01-01

    Mutations in the gene for human fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (hFGFR3) cause a variety of skeletal dysplasias, including the most common genetic form of dwarfism, achondroplasia (ACH). Evidence indicates that these phenotypes are not due to simple haploinsufficiency of FGFR3 but are more likely related to a role in negatively regulating skeletal growth. The effects of one of these mutations on FGFR3 signaling were examined by constructing chimeric receptors composed of the extracellular domain of human platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (hPDGFR beta) and the transmembrane and intracellular domains of hFGFR3 or of an ACH (G375C) mutant. Following stable transfection in PC12 cells, which lack platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors, all clonal cell lines, with either type of chimera, showed strong neurite outgrowth in the presence of PDGF but not in its absence. Antiphosphotyrosine immunoblots showed ligand-dependent autophosphorylation, and both receptor types stimulated strong phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase, an event associated with the differentiative response of these cells. In addition, ligand-dependent phosphorylation of phospholipase Cgamma and Shc was also observed. All of these responses were comparable to those observed from ligand activation, such as by nerve growth factor, of the native PC12 cells used to prepare the stable transfectants. The cells with the chimera bearing the ACH mutation were more rapidly responsive to ligand with less sustained MAPK activation, indicative of a preactivated or primed condition and consistent with the view that these mutations weaken ligand control of FGFR3 function. However, the full effect of the mutation likely depends in part on structural features of the extracellular domain. Although FGFR3 has been suggested to act as a negative regulator of long-bone growth in chrondrocytes, it produces differentiative signals similar to

  11. Ligand-functionalized degradable polyplexes formed by cationic poly(aspartic acid)-grafted chitosan-cyclodextrin conjugates.

    PubMed

    Song, Hai-Qing; Li, Rui-Quan; Duan, Shun; Yu, Bingran; Zhao, Hong; Chen, Da-Fu; Xu, Fu-Jian

    2015-03-19

    Polypeptide-based degradable polyplexes attracted considerable attention in drug delivery systems. Polysaccharides including cyclodextrin (CD), dextran, and chitosan (CS) were readily grafted with cationic poly(aspartic acid)s (PAsps). To further enhance the transfection performances of PAsp-based polyplexes, herein, different types of ligand (folic acid, FA)-functionalized degradable polyplexes were proposed based on the PAsp-grafted chitosan-cyclodextrin conjugate (CCPE), where multiple β-CDs were tied on a CS chain. The FA-functionalized CCPE (i.e., CCPE-FA) was obtained via a host-guest interaction between the CD units of CCPE and the adamantane (Ad) species of Ad-modified FA (Ad-FA). The resulting CCPE/pDNA, CCPE-FA/pDNA, and ternary CCPE-FA/CCPE/pDNA (prepared by layer-by-layer assembly) polyplexes were investigated in detail using different cell lines. The CCPE-based polyplexes displayed much higher transfection efficiencies than the CS-based polyplexes reported earlier by us. The ternary polyplexes of CCPE-FA/CCPE/pDNA produced excellent gene transfection abilities in the folate receptor (FR)-positive tumor cells. This work would provide a promising means to produce highly efficient polyplexes for future gene therapy applications.

  12. The isolation by ligand affinity chromatography of a novel form of alpha-L-fucosidase from almond.

    PubMed

    Scudder, P; Neville, D C; Butters, T D; Fleet, G W; Dwek, R A; Rademacher, T W; Jacob, G S

    1990-09-25

    An alpha-fucosidase has been extracted from almond meal and purified 163,000-fold to apparent homogeneity using a novel affinity ligand, N-(5-carboxy-1-pentyl)-1,5-dideoxy-1,5-imino-L-fucitol, coupled to Affi-Gel 102. Substrate specificity studies demonstrate that the enzyme hydrolyzes the alpha-fucosidic linkages in Gal(beta 1----3)(Fuc(alpha 1----4]GlcNAc(beta 1----3)Gal(beta 1----4)Glc and Gal(beta 1----4)(Fuc(alpha 1----3]GlcNAc(beta 1----3)Gal(beta 1----4)Glc at similar rates but is unable to hydrolyze Fuc(alpha 1----2)Gal, Fuc(alpha 1----6)GlcNAc, or the synthetic substrate, p-nitrophenyl alpha-L-fucopyranoside. Hence, the enzyme closely resembles an alpha-fucosidase I isolated previously from a commercial preparation of partially purified almond beta-glucosidase (Ogata-Arakawa, M., Muramatsu, T., and Kobata, A. (1977) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 181, 353-358). However, native and subunit relative molecular masses of 106,000 and 54,000 respectively, different charge and hydrophobicity properties, and the absence of stimulation by NaCl clearly distinguish this enzyme, designated alpha-fucosidase III, from other almond alpha-fucosidases reported previously.

  13. Behavior of the potential antitumor V(IV)O complexes formed by flavonoid ligands. 3. Antioxidant properties and radical production capability.

    PubMed

    Sanna, Daniele; Ugone, Valeria; Fadda, Angela; Micera, Giovanni; Garribba, Eugenio

    2016-08-01

    The radical production capability and the antioxidant properties of some V(IV)O complexes formed by flavonoid ligands were examined. In particular, the bis-chelated species of quercetin (que), [VO(que)2](2-), and morin (mor), [VO(mor)2], were evaluated for their capability to reduce the stable radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and produce the hydroxyl radical (•)OH by Fenton-like reactions, where the reducing agent is V(IV)O(2+). The results were compared with those displayed by other V(IV)O complexes, such as [VO(H2O)5](2+), [VO(acac)2] (acac=acetylacetonate) and [VO(cat)2](2-) (cat=catecholate). The capability of the V(IV)O flavonoids complexes to reduce DPPH is much larger than that of the V(IV)O species formed by non-antioxidant ligands and it is due mainly to the flavonoid molecule. Through the 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO) spin trapping assay of the hydroxyl radical it was possible to demonstrate that in acidic solution V(IV)O(2+) has an effectiveness in producing (•)OH radicals comparable to that of Fe(2+). When V(IV)O complexes of flavonoids were taken into account, the amount of hydroxyl radicals produced in Fenton-like reactions depends on the specific structure of the ligand and on their capability to reduce H2O2 to give (•)OH. Both the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) under physiological conditions by V(IV)O complexes of flavonoid ligands and their radical scavenging capability can be put in relationship with their antitumor effectiveness and it could be possible to modulate these actions by changing the features of the flavonoid coordinated to the V(IV)O(2+) ion, such as the entity, nature and position of the substituents and the number of phenolic groups. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Ligand-functionalized degradable polyplexes formed by cationic poly(aspartic acid)-grafted chitosan-cyclodextrin conjugates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Hai-Qing; Li, Rui-Quan; Duan, Shun; Yu, Bingran; Zhao, Hong; Chen, Da-Fu; Xu, Fu-Jian

    2015-03-01

    Polypeptide-based degradable polyplexes attracted considerable attention in drug delivery systems. Polysaccharides including cyclodextrin (CD), dextran, and chitosan (CS) were readily grafted with cationic poly(aspartic acid)s (PAsps). To further enhance the transfection performances of PAsp-based polyplexes, herein, different types of ligand (folic acid, FA)-functionalized degradable polyplexes were proposed based on the PAsp-grafted chitosan-cyclodextrin conjugate (CCPE), where multiple β-CDs were tied on a CS chain. The FA-functionalized CCPE (i.e., CCPE-FA) was obtained via a host-guest interaction between the CD units of CCPE and the adamantane (Ad) species of Ad-modified FA (Ad-FA). The resulting CCPE/pDNA, CCPE-FA/pDNA, and ternary CCPE-FA/CCPE/pDNA (prepared by layer-by-layer assembly) polyplexes were investigated in detail using different cell lines. The CCPE-based polyplexes displayed much higher transfection efficiencies than the CS-based polyplexes reported earlier by us. The ternary polyplexes of CCPE-FA/CCPE/pDNA produced excellent gene transfection abilities in the folate receptor (FR)-positive tumor cells. This work would provide a promising means to produce highly efficient polyplexes for future gene therapy applications.Polypeptide-based degradable polyplexes attracted considerable attention in drug delivery systems. Polysaccharides including cyclodextrin (CD), dextran, and chitosan (CS) were readily grafted with cationic poly(aspartic acid)s (PAsps). To further enhance the transfection performances of PAsp-based polyplexes, herein, different types of ligand (folic acid, FA)-functionalized degradable polyplexes were proposed based on the PAsp-grafted chitosan-cyclodextrin conjugate (CCPE), where multiple β-CDs were tied on a CS chain. The FA-functionalized CCPE (i.e., CCPE-FA) was obtained via a host-guest interaction between the CD units of CCPE and the adamantane (Ad) species of Ad-modified FA (Ad-FA). The resulting CCPE/pDNA, CCPE

  15. Chemokine Ligand 5 (CCL5) Derived from Endothelial Colony-Forming Cells (ECFCs) Mediates Recruitment of Smooth Muscle Progenitor Cells (SPCs) toward Critical Vascular Locations in Moyamoya Disease

    PubMed Central

    Phi, Ji Hoon; Suzuki, Naoko; Moon, Youn Joo; Park, Ae Kyung; Wang, Kyu-Chang; Lee, Ji Yeoun; Choi, Seung-Ah; Chong, Sangjoon; Shirane, Reizo; Kim, Seung-Ki

    2017-01-01

    The etiology and pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD) are still obscure. Previous studies indicated that angiogenic chemokines may play an important role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Recently, it was discovered that peripheral blood-derived endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) and smooth muscle progenitor cells (SPCs) have defective functions in MMD patients. Therefore, the interaction of ECFCs and SPCs, the precursors of two crucial cellular components of vascular walls, with some paracrine molecules is an intriguing subject. In this study, co-culture of ECFCs and SPCs from MMD patients and healthy normal subjects revealed that MMD ECFCs, not SPCs, are responsible for the defective functions of both ECFCs and SPCs. Enhanced migration of SPCs toward MMD ECFCs supported the role for some chemokines secreted by MMD ECFCs. Expression arrays of MMD and normal ECFCs suggested that several candidate cytokines differentially produced by MMD ECFCs. We selected chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 6 (CXCR6), interleukin-8 (IL8), chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2), and CCL5 for study, based on the relatively higher expression of these ligands in MMD ECFCs and their cognate receptors in MMD SPCs. Migration assays showed that only CCL5 significantly augmented the migration activities of SPCs toward ECFCs. Treatment with siRNA for the CCL5 receptor (CCR5) abrogated the effect, confirming that CCL5 is responsible for the interaction of MMD ECFCs and SPCs. These data indicate that ECFCs, not SPCs, are the major players in MMD pathogenesis and that the chemokine CCL5 mediates the interactions. It can be hypothesized that in MMD patients, defective ECFCs direct aberrant SPC recruitment to critical vascular locations through the action of CCL5. PMID:28072843

  16. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of peptide deformylase (PDF) from Bacillus cereus in ligand-free and actinonin-bound forms

    SciTech Connect

    Park, Joon Kyu; Moon, Jin Ho; Kim, Jae-Hong; Kim, Eunice EunKyeong

    2005-01-01

    Peptide deformylase (PDF) from B. cereus has been overexpressed, purified and crystallized in ligand-free and actinonin-bound forms. Diffraction data have been collected from these crystals to 1.7 and 2.0 Å resolution, respectively. In bacteria, protein expression initiates with an N-formyl group and this needs to be removed in order to ensure proper bacterial growth. These formylation and deformylation processes are unique to eubacteria; therefore, inhibition of these would provide a novel antibacterial therapy. Deformylation is carried out by peptide deformylase (PDF). PDF from Bacillus cereus, one of the major pathogenic bacteria, was cloned into expression plasmid pET-28a (Novagen), overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and purified to high quality. Crystals have been obtained of both ligand-free PDF and PDF to which actinonin, a highly potent naturally occurring inhibitor, is bound. Both crystals belong to space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = 42.72, b = 44.04, c = 85.19 Å and a = 41.31, b = 44.56, c = 84.47 Å, respectively. Diffraction data were collected to 1.7 Å resolution for the inhibitor-free crystals and to 2.0 Å resolution for the actinonin-bound crystals.

  17. High conductivity of the new supramolecular copper complex with oxidized pyrazinoselenathiafulvalene (=pyra-STF) as the ligand, [Cu(I)Cl(1.5)(pyra-STF)(0.5+)].

    PubMed

    Ichikawa, Shun; Mori, Hatsumi

    2009-06-01

    A new supramolecular copper complex with pyrazinoselenathiafulvalene (=pyra-STF) as the ligand, [CuCl(1.5)(pyra-STF)], has been synthesized. This complex forms a peculiar crystal structure; Cu(I) and Cl(-) construct 1D supramolecular chains with coordination of the oxidized donor molecules, pyra-STF(0.5+), as ligands. The pseudo-1D donor-ligand columns afford high conductivity, 25 S cm(-1), at 298 K and are prohibited to be a complete singlet state below 190 K by the linked, rigid 1D [CuCl(1.5)](n) chains.

  18. I. Enabling Single-Chain Surfactants to Form Vesicles by Nonamphiphilic Liquid Crystals in Water II. Controlling Attachment and Ligand-Mediated Adherence of Candida albicans on Monolayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varghese, Nisha

    . Adhesion of C. albicans to a surface is a complex process and is governed by nonspecific attachment or multiple ligand-receptor interactions. The work demonstrates that the multiple ligand-receptor interactions used by C. albicans for adherence to a surface can be individually studied using self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) decorated with minimal motif of the ligands. The SAMs were also used to differentiate between the interactions of the two different morphological forms of C. albicans.. Chapter 5 presents a study on small molecules that were used to inhibit biofilm formed by C. albicans. The acyclic triazoles used in the study were not toxic to the C. albicans and were capable of inhibiting biofilm formed by C. albicans. The acyclic triazole can be used as promising candidates to design new antifungal agents. The chapter also reports the synthesis of squarylated homoserine lactones (SHLs) structural mimics of bacterial acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) to study the inhibitory effects of SHLs on fungal biofilm. The bacterial AHLs are known to repress the growth of C. albicans and control fungal biofilm in native host environment. The synthesized SHLs were non-toxic to C. albicans and failed to inhibit biofilm formed by C. albicans. . Chapter 6 uses gradient nanotopography combined with controlled surface chemistry to confine bacterial biofilm formed by Escherichia coli. The E. coli biofilm were confined within micrometer sized regions of hydrophobic SAMs surrounded by polyol-terminated SAMs. The study reveals that surface with higher topography enhances the ability of the bioinert SAMs to resist bacterial adherence to surface.

  19. Catalytic and mechanistic studies into the epoxidation of styrenes using manganese complexes of structurally similar polyamine ligands.

    PubMed

    Ilyashenko, Gennadiy; De Faveri, Giorgio; Follier, Thomas; Al-Safadi, Rawan; Motevalli, Majid; Watkinson, Michael

    2014-02-21

    Two structurally similar polyamine ligands (7 and 8) have been prepared, which differ only by the presence of either a secondary or tertiary nitrogen donor within their N5 donor set. The ligands, in combination with iron and manganese salts, have been screened for their efficacy as catalysts for the epoxidation of styrene, using both hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid as oxidants. Clear differences in activity between the two systems were observed, with 7 proving most effective in the presence of MnSO4 with H2O2, whereas ligand 8 proved to be effective with Mn(OTf)2, MnCl2 and Mn(ClO4)2 using peracetic acid as the oxidant. A Hammett analysis of the initial rate kinetics of the optimal systems, combined with analysis by UV-vis spectroscopy, indicates that the small structural differences in the ligands elicit profound changes in the nature of the active species formed.

  20. Equilibrium, Kinetic and Structural Properties of Gallium(III) and Some Divalent Metal Complexes Formed with the New DATA(m) and DATA(5m) Ligands.

    PubMed

    Farkas, Edit; Nagel, Johannes; Waldron, Bradley P; Parker, David; Tóth, Imre; Brücher, Ernő; Rösch, Frank; Baranyai, Zsolt

    2017-08-01

    The development of (68) Ge/(68) Ga generators has made the positron-emitting (68) Ga isotope widely accessible and raised interest in new chelate complexes of Ga(3+) . The hexadentate 1,4-di(acetate)-6-methyl[amino(methyl)acetate]perhydro-1,4-diazepane (DATA(m) ) ligand and its bifunctional analogue, 1,4-di(acetate)-6-pentanoic acid[amino(methyl)acetate]perhydro-1,4-diazepane (DATA(5m) ), rapidly form complexes with (68) Ga in high radiochemical yield. The stability constants of DATA(m) and DATA(5m) complexes formed with Ga(3+) , Zn(2+) , Cu(2+) , Mn(2+) and Ca(2+) have been determined by using pH potentiometry, spectrophotometry (Cu(2+) ) and (1) H and (71) Ga NMR spectroscopy (Ga(3+) ). The stability constants of Ga(DATA(m) ) and Ga(DATA(5m) ) complexes are slightly higher than those of Ga(AAZTA). The species distribution calculations indicated the predominance of Ga(L)OH mixed-hydroxo complexes at physiological pH. The (1) H and (71) Ga NMR spectroscopy studies provided information about the coordinated functional groups of ligands and on the kinetics of exchange between the Ga(L) and Ga(L)OH complexes. The transmetalation reactions between the Ga(L) complexes and Cu(2+) citrate (6ligand-exchange reactions between the Ga(L)OH complexes and transferrin. The equilibrium and kinetic data indicate that the Ga(DATA(5m) ) complex is a good (68) Ga-based radiodiagnostic candidate. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. Formation of supported rhodium clusters from mononuclear rhodium complexes controlled by the support and ligands on rhodium.

    PubMed

    Serna, Pedro; Yardimci, Dicle; Kistler, Joseph D; Gates, Bruce C

    2014-01-21

    Extremely small supported rhodium clusters were prepared from rhodium complexes on the surfaces of solids with contrasting electron-donor properties. The samples were characterized by infrared and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies to determine the changes occurring in the rhodium species resulting from treatments in hydrogen. Rhodium cluster formation occurred in the presence of H2, and the first steps are controlled by the electron-donor properties of the support--which acts as a ligand--and the other ligands bonded to the rhodium. The cluster formation begins at a lower temperature when the support is zeolite HY than when it is the better electron-donor MgO, provided that the other ligands on rhodium are ethene. In contrast, when these other ligands are CO, the pattern is reversed. The choice of ligands including the support also allows regulation of the stoichiometry of the surface transformations in H2 and the stability of the structures formed in the presence of other reactants. The combination of MgO as the support and ethene as a ligand allows restriction of the rhodium cluster size to the smallest possible-and these were formed in high yields. The data presented here are among the first characterizing the first steps of metal cluster formation.

  2. Donor Tag Game

    MedlinePlus

    ... Games > Donor Tag Game Printable Version Donor Tag Game This feature requires version 6 or later of ... LGBTQ+ Donors Blood Donor Community Real Stories SleevesUp Games Facebook Avatars and Badges Banners eCards Enter your ...

  3. Near infrared (NIR) lanthanide emissive Langmuir-Blodgett monolayers formed using Nd(III) directed self-assembly synthesis of chiral amphiphilic ligands.

    PubMed

    Barry, Dawn E; Kitchen, Jonathan A; Albrecht, Martin; Faulkner, Stephen; Gunnlaugsson, Thorfinnur

    2013-09-10

    The incorporation of chiral amphiphilic lanthanide-directed self-assembled Nd(III) complexes (Nd.13 and Nd.23) into stable Langmuir monolayers, and the subsequent Langmuir-Blodgett film formation of these, is described. The photophysical properties of the enantiomeric pair of ligands 1 and 2 in the presence of Nd(CF3SO3)3 were also investigated in CH3CN solutions using UV-vis, fluorescence, and lanthanide luminescence spectroscopies. Analysis of the resulting self-assembly processes revealed that two main species were formed in solution,1:1 and 1:3 Nd:L self-assembly complexes, with the latter being the dominant species upon the addition of 0.33 equivalents of Nd(III). Excited state lifetime measurements of Nd.13 and Nd.23 in CH3OH and CD3OD and CH3CN were also evaluated. The formation of the self-assembly in solution was also monitored by observing the changes in the circular dichroism (CD) spectra; and large differences were observed between the 1:3 and other stoichiometries in the spectra, allowing for correlation to be made with that seen in the emission studies of these systems. Surface pressure-area and surface pressure-time isotherms evidenced the formation of stable Langmuir monolayers of Nd.13 and Nd.23 at an air-water interface, and the deposition of these monolayers onto a quartz solid substrate (Langmuir-Blodgett films) gave rise to immobilized chiral monomolecular films which exhibited Nd(III) NIR luminescence upon excitation of the ligand chromophore, demonstrating efficient energy transfer to the Nd(III) excided state (sensitized) with concomitant emission centered at 800 and 1334 nm.

  4. A series of Zn/Cd coordination polymers constructed from 1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylate and N-donor ligands: Syntheses, structures and luminescence sensing of Cr{sup 3+} in aqueous solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, Dong-Cheng; Fan, Yan; Si, Chang-Dai; Wu, Ya-Jun; Dong, Xiu-Yan; Yang, Yun-Xia; Yao, Xiao-Qiang; Liu, Jia-Cheng

    2016-09-15

    A novel series of Zn/Cd coordination polymers based on H{sub 3}L, namely, [Zn{sub 2}(HL){sub 2}(bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{sub n} (1), [Zn(HL)(phen)]{sub n} (2), [Cd{sub 3}L{sub 2}(bbi){sub 3}]{sub n} (3), [Zn{sub 3}L{sub 2}(bbi){sub 3}]{sub n} (4) [(H{sub 3}L =4-[(1-carboxynaphthalen-2-yl)oxy]phthalic acid, bipy =4,4′-bipyridine, phen =1,10-phenanthroline, bbi =1,1′-(1,4-butanediyl)bis(imidazole] have been successfully synthesized by solvothermal reaction. Compound 1 possesses two diverse 1D chains constructed by different bipy coligands, which were further connected to form a 3D supramolecular architecture by hydrogen bonding interactions. Compound 2 possesses a complicated 1D chain based on secondary building unit (SBU) with binuclear Zn cluster. Compounds 3 and 4 exhibit similar 2D→3D framework, which can be rationalized as (3,4,4)-connected 3D net with a Schläfli symbol of (6{sup 3}.8.10{sup 2}){sub 2}(6{sup 3}){sub 2}(6{sup 4}.8.10). In particular, compound 3 exhibited a high sensitivity for Cr{sup 3+} in aqueous solutions, which suggest that compound 3 is a promising luminescent probe for selectively sensing Cr{sup 3+}. - Graphical abstract: A series of novel Zn/Cd coordination polymers have been successfully synthesized by solvothermal reaction. The unique 3D Cd{sup 2+} polymer containing bbi as second ligand demonstrates high sensitivity for detection of toxic Cr{sup 3+} in aqueous solutions. Display Omitted - Highlights: • π-conjugated semirigid tricarboxylate ligands with naphthalene rings(H{sub 3}L) were rationally designed. • Four Zn/Cd coordination polymers based on H{sub 3}L have been successfully synthesized by solvothermal reaction. • Compound 3 is a promising luminescent probe for selectively sensing Cr{sup 3+} with high sensitivity in aqueous solutions.

  5. The crucial role of polyatomic anions in molecular architecture: structural and magnetic versatility of five nickel(II) complexes derived from A N,N,O-donor Schiff base ligand.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Pampa; Drew, Michael G B; Gómez-García, Carlos J; Ghosh, Ashutosh

    2009-07-06

    Five new nickel(II) complexes [Ni(2)L(2)(N(3))(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (1), [Ni(2)L(2)(NO(3))(2)] (2), [Ni(2)L(2)(O(2)CPh)(CH(3)OH)(2)]ClO(4).0.5CH(3)OH (3), [Ni(3)L(2)(O(2)CPh)(4)] (4), and [Ni(2)L(2)(NO(2))(2)](n) (5) have been synthesized by using a tridentate Schiff base ligand, HL (2-[(3-Methylamino-propylimino)-methyl]-phenol), and the polyatomic monoanions N(3)(-), NO(3)(-), PhCOO(-), or NO(2)(-). The complexes have been structurally and magnetically characterized. The structural analysis reveals that in all five complexes, the Ni(II) ions possess a distorted octahedral geometry. Complexes 1 and 2 are dinuclear with di-mu-1,1-azido and di-mu(2)-phenoxo bridges, respectively. Complex 3 is also a di-mu(2)-phenoxo-bridged dinuclear Ni(II) complex but has an additional syn-syn benzoate bridge. Compound 4 possesses a linear trinuclear structure with the tridentate Schiff base ligand coordinated to the terminal nickel atoms which are linked to the central Ni(II) by phenoxo and carboxylate bridges. Complex 5 consists of a dinuclear entity, bridged by di-mu(2)-phenoxo together with a cis-(mu-nitrito-1kappaO:2kappaN) nitrite ion. The dinuclear units are linked each other by another bridging trans-(mu-nitrito-1kappaO:2kappaN) nitrite to form a Ni(II) chain that shows the presence of unprecedented alternating cis- and trans-N,O bridging mode of the nitrite anion. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements of complex 1 indicate the presence of ferromagnetic exchange interactions within the dimer (J = 23.5(3) cm(-1)) together with antiferromagnetic interdimer interactions (J' = -0.513(3) cm(-1)), whereas compounds 2 and 3 show intradimer antiferromagnetic interactions (J = -24.27(6) and -16.48(4) cm(-1), respectively). Ferromagnetic coupling (J = 6.14(2) cm(-1)) is observed in complex 4 for the linear centro-symmetric Ni(II) trimer, whereas complex 5 shows an alternating intra-chain antiferromagnetic coupling (J(1) = -32.1(1) cm(-1) and J(2) = -3.2(1) cm(-1)).

  6. Ligand-based carbon-nitrogen bond forming reactions of metal dinitrosyl complexes with alkenes and their application to C-H bond functionalization.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Chen; Crimmin, Mark R; Toste, F Dean; Bergman, Robert G

    2014-02-18

    Over the past few decades, researchers have made substantial progress in the development of transition metal complexes that activate and functionalize C-H bonds. For the most part, chemists have focused on aliphatic and aromatic C-H bonds and have put less effort into complexes that activate and functionalize vinylic C-H bonds. Our groups have recently developed a novel method to functionalize vinylic C-H bonds that takes advantage of the unique ligand-based reactivity of a rare class of metal dinitrosyl complexes. In this Account, we compare and discuss the chemistry of cobalt and ruthenium dinitrosyl complexes, emphasizing alkene binding, C-H functionalization, and catalysis. Initially discovered in the early 1970s by Brunner and studied more extensively in the 1980s by the Bergman group, the cyclopentadienylcobalt dinitrosyl complex CpCo(NO)2 reacts reversibly with alkenes to give, in many cases, stable and isolable cobalt dinitrosoalkane complexes. More recently, we found that treatment with strong bases, such as lithium hexamethyldisilazide, Verkade's base, and phosphazene bases, deprotonates these complexes and renders them nucleophilic at the carbon α to the nitroso group. This conjugate anion of metal dinitrosoalkanes can participate in conjugate addition to Michael acceptors to form new carbon-carbon bonds. These functionalized cobalt complexes can further react through alkene exchange to furnish the overall vinylic C-H functionalized organic product. This stepwise sequence of alkene binding, functionalization, and retrocycloaddition represents an overall vinylic C-H functionalization reaction of simple alkenes and does not require directing groups. We have also developed an asymmetric variant of this reaction sequence and have used this method to synthesize C1- and C2-symmetric diene ligands with high enantioinduction. Building upon these stepwise reactions, we eventually developed a simple one-pot procedure that uses stoichiometric amounts of a cobalt

  7. Assembling novel Cd(II) complexes with multidentate nitrogen donor ligands obtained in situ from the system: zerovalent copper, cadmium oxide, 1-hydroxymethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazole and ammonium thiocyanate.

    PubMed

    Barszcz, Barbara; Masternak, Joanna; Sawka-Dobrowolska, Wanda

    2013-05-07

    A novel 3D coordination polymer [Cd2(L(1))(2)(SCN)(4)(MeOH)(2)](n) (1) and monomeric [Cd(NCS)(2)L(2)] (2) (L(1) = urotropine, L(2) = tris(1-(3,5-dimethylpyrazolylmethyl))amine) have been prepared in a one-pot synthesis using 1-hydroxymethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazole as the starting ligand. The most prominent feature is the formation in situ of the organic compounds: urotropine and scorpionate-tripodal ligands.

  8. Race, Ethnicity and Ancestry in Unrelated Transplant Matching for the National Marrow Donor Program: A Comparison of Multiple Forms of Self-Identification with Genetics

    PubMed Central

    Hollenbach, Jill A.; Saperstein, Aliya; Albrecht, Mark; Vierra-Green, Cynthia; Parham, Peter; Norman, Paul J.; Maiers, Martin

    2015-01-01

    We conducted a nationwide study comparing self-identification to genetic ancestry classifications in a large cohort (n = 1752) from the National Marrow Donor Program. We sought to determine how various measures of self-identification intersect with genetic ancestry, with the aim of improving matching algorithms for unrelated bone marrow transplant. Multiple dimensions of self-identification, including race/ethnicity and geographic ancestry were compared to classifications based on ancestry informative markers (AIMs), and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes, which are required for transplant matching. Nearly 20% of responses were inconsistent between reporting race/ethnicity versus geographic ancestry. Despite strong concordance between AIMs and HLA, no measure of self-identification shows complete correspondence with genetic ancestry. In certain cases geographic ancestry reporting matches genetic ancestry not reflected in race/ethnicity identification, but in other cases geographic ancestries show little correspondence to genetic measures, with important differences by gender. However, when respondents assign ancestry to grandparents, we observe sub-groups of individuals with well- defined genetic ancestries, including important differences in HLA frequencies, with implications for transplant matching. While we advocate for tailored questioning to improve accuracy of ancestry ascertainment, collection of donor grandparents’ information will improve the chances of finding matches for many patients, particularly for mixed-ancestry individuals. PMID:26287376

  9. Structural effects of the lone pair on lead(II), and parallels with the coordination geometry of mercury(II). Does the lone pair on lead(II) form H-bonds? Structures of the lead(II) and mercury(II) complexes of the pendant-donor macrocycle DOTAM (1,4,7,10-tetrakis(carbamoylmethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane).

    PubMed

    Hancock, Robert D; Reibenspies, Joseph H; Maumela, Hulisani

    2004-05-03

    The synthesis and structures of [Pb(DOTAM)](ClO4)2.4.5H2O (1) and [Hg(DOTAM)](ClO4)2.0.5CH3OH.1.5H2O (2) are reported, where DOTAM is 1,4,7,10-tetrakis(carbamoylmethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane. Compound 1 is triclinic, space group P, a = 12.767(3) A, b = 13.528(2) A, c = 18.385(3) A, alpha = 101.45(2) degrees, beta = 93.32(2) degrees, gamma = 90.53(2) degrees, Z = 4, R = 0.0500. Compound 2 is monoclinic, space group Cc, a = 12.767(3) A, b = 13.528(2) A, c = 18.385(3) A, beta = 101.91(2) degrees, Z = 4, R = 0.0381. The Pb(II) ion in 1 has an average Pb-N = 2.63 A to four N-donors from the macrocyclic ring, and four O-donors (average Pb-O = 2.77 A) from the amide pendant donors of the macrocycle, with a water molecule placed with Pb-O = 3.52 A above the proposed site of the lone pair (Lp) on Pb. The Hg(II) in 2 appears to be only six-coordinate, with four Hg-N bond lengths averaging 2.44 A, and two Hg-O from pendant amide donors at 2.41 A. The other two amide donors appear to be noncoordinating, with Hg-O distances of 2.74 and 2.82 A. A water situated 3.52 A above the proposed site of the lone pair on Pb(II) in 1 is oriented in such a way that it might be thought to be forming a Pb-Lp.H-O-H hydrogen bond. It is concluded that that this is not an H-bond, but that the presence of the lone pair allows a closer approach of the hydrogens to Pb than would be true otherwise. The structural analogy in the VSEPR sense between Pb(II), which has the 5d(10)6s(2) outer electron structure, and the Hg(II) ion, which has the 5d10 structure, is examined. The tendency of Hg(II) toward linear coordination, with two short Hg-L bonds (L = ligand) at 180 degrees to each other, and other donor groups at roughly 90 degrees to this and at much longer bond distances, is paralleled by Pb(II). One of the short Hg-L bonds is replaced in the Pb(II) structures by the lone pair (Lp), which is opposite the short Pb-L bond, or in some cases 2-4 shorter Pb-L bonds.

  10. Differences of pH-Dependent Mechanisms on Generation of Hydride Donors using Ru(II) Complexes Containing Geometric Isomers of NAD+ Model Ligands: NMR and Radiolysis Studies in Aqueous Solution

    SciTech Connect

    Fujita, E.; Cohen, B.W.; Polyansky, D.E.; Zong, R.; Zhou, H.; Ouk, T.; Cabelli, D.; Thummel, R.P.

    2010-09-06

    The pH-dependent mechanism of the reduction of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) model complex [Ru(bpy)(2)(5)](2+) (5 = 3-(pyrid-2{prime}-yl)-4-azaacridine) was compared to the mechanism of the previously studied geometric isomer [Ru(bpy)(2)(pbn)](2+) (pbn = 2-(pyrid-2{prime}-yl)-1-azaacridine, previously referred to as 2-(pyrid-2{prime}-yl)-benzo[b]-1,5-naphthyridine) in aqueous media. The exposure of [Ru(bpy)(2)(5)](2+) to CO(2)(*-) leads to the formation of the one-electron reduced species (k = 4.4 x 10(9) M(-1) s(-1)). At pH < 11.2, the one-electron reduced species can be protonated, k = 2.6 x 10(4) s(-1) in D(2)O. Formation of a C-C bonded dimer is observed across the pH range of 5-13 (k = 4.5 x 10(8) M(-1) s(-1)). At pH < 11, two protonated radical species react to form a stable C-C bonded dimer. At pH > 11, dimerization of two one-electron reduced species is followed by disproportionation to one equivalent starting complex [Ru(bpy)(2)(5)](2+) and one equivalent [Ru(bpy)(2)(5HH)](2+). The structural difference between [Ru(bpy)(2)(pbn)](2+) and [Ru(bpy)(2)(5)](2+) dictates the mechanism and product formation in aqueous medium. The exchange of the nitrogen and carbon atoms on the azaacridine ligands alters the accessibility of the dimerization reactive site, thereby changing the mechanism and the product formation for the reduction of the [Ru(bpy)(2)(5)](2+) compound.

  11. Theoretical studies of molecular structure, electronic structure, spectroscopic properties and the ancillary ligand effect: a comparison of tris-chelate ML3-type and ML2X-type species for gallium(III) complexes with N,O-donor phenolic ligand, 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzothiazole.

    PubMed

    Tong, Yi-Ping; Lin, Yan-Wen

    2011-02-01

    Two Ga(III) complexes with main ligand, 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzothiazole (HL'), namely mixed-ligand ML2X-type [GaL'2X'] (1) (HX'=acetic acid, as ancillary ligand) and the meridianal tris-chelate [GaL'3] (2) have been investigated by the density functional theory (DFT/TDDFT) level calculations. Both 1 and 2 can be presented as a similar "mixed-ligand ML2X-type" species. The molecular geometries, electronic structures, metal-ligand bonding property of Ga-O (N) (main ligand), Ga-O (N) (ancillary ligand) interactions, and the ancillary ligand effect on their HOMO-LUMO gap, their absorption/emission property, and their absorption/emission wavelengths/colors for them have been discussed in detail based on the orbital interactions, the partial density of states (PDOS), and so on. The current investigation also indicates that it is quite probable that by introduction of different ancillary ligands, a series of new mixed-ligand ML2X-type complexes for group 13 metals can be designed with their absorption/emission property and the absorption/emission wavelengths and colors being tuned.

  12. Theoretical studies of molecular structure, electronic structure, spectroscopic properties and the ancillary ligand effect: A comparison of tris-chelate ML 3-type and ML 2X-type species for gallium(III) complexes with N, O-donor phenolic ligand, 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzothiazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tong, Yi-Ping; Lin, Yan-Wen

    2011-02-01

    Two Ga(III) complexes with main ligand, 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzothiazole (HL'), namely mixed-ligand ML 2X-type [GaL' 2X'] ( 1) (HX' = acetic acid, as ancillary ligand) and the meridianal tris-chelate [GaL' 3] ( 2) have been investigated by the density functional theory (DFT/TDDFT) level calculations. Both 1 and 2 can be presented as a similar "mixed-ligand ML 2X-type" species. The molecular geometries, electronic structures, metal-ligand bonding property of Ga-O (N) (main ligand), Ga-O (N) (ancillary ligand) interactions, and the ancillary ligand effect on their HOMO-LUMO gap, their absorption/emission property, and their absorption/emission wavelengths/colors for them have been discussed in detail based on the orbital interactions, the partial density of states (PDOS), and so on. The current investigation also indicates that it is quite probable that by introduction of different ancillary ligands, a series of new mixed-ligand ML 2X-type complexes for group 13 metals can be designed with their absorption/emission property and the absorption/emission wavelengths and colors being tuned.

  13. Latrophilin 1 and its endogenous ligand Lasso/teneurin-2 form a high-affinity transsynaptic receptor pair with signaling capabilities.

    PubMed

    Silva, John-Paul; Lelianova, Vera G; Ermolyuk, Yaroslav S; Vysokov, Nickolai; Hitchen, Paul G; Berninghausen, Otto; Rahman, M Atiqur; Zangrandi, Alice; Fidalgo, Sara; Tonevitsky, Alexander G; Dell, Anne; Volynski, Kirill E; Ushkaryov, Yuri A

    2011-07-19

    Latrophilin 1 (LPH1), a neuronal receptor of α-latrotoxin, is implicated in neurotransmitter release and control of presynaptic Ca(2+). As an "adhesion G-protein-coupled receptor," LPH1 can convert cell surface interactions into intracellular signaling. To examine the physiological functions of LPH1, we used LPH1's extracellular domain to purify its endogenous ligand. A single protein of ∼275 kDa was isolated from rat brain and termed Lasso. Peptide sequencing and molecular cloning have shown that Lasso is a splice variant of teneurin-2, a brain-specific orphan cell surface receptor with a function in neuronal pathfinding and synaptogenesis. We show that LPH1 and Lasso interact strongly and specifically. They are always copurified from rat brain extracts. Coculturing cells expressing LPH1 with cells expressing Lasso leads to their mutual attraction and formation of multiple junctions to which both proteins are recruited. Cells expressing LPH1 form chimerical synapses with hippocampal neurons in cocultures; LPH1 and postsynaptic neuronal protein PSD-95 accumulate on opposite sides of these structures. Immunoblotting and immunoelectron microscopy of purified synapses and immunostaining of cultured hippocampal neurons show that LPH1 and Lasso are enriched in synapses; in both systems, LPH1 is presynaptic, whereas Lasso is postsynaptic. A C-terminal fragment of Lasso interacts with LPH1 and induces Ca(2+) signals in presynaptic boutons of hippocampal neurons and in neuroblastoma cells expressing LPH1. Thus, LPH1 and Lasso can form transsynaptic complexes capable of inducing presynaptic Ca(2+) signals, which might affect synaptic functions.

  14. Ligand regulation of green fluorescent protein-tagged forms of the human β1- and β2-adrenoceptors; comparisons with the unmodified receptors

    PubMed Central

    McLean, Alison J; Milligan, Graeme

    2000-01-01

    Stable clones of HEK293 cells expressing either FLAGTM epitope-tagged, wild type human β1- and β2-adrenoceptors or C-terminally green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged forms of these receptors were established. The binding affinity of [3H]-dihydroalprenolol and other ligands was little affected by addition of GFP to the C-terminal of either receptor. Isoprenaline induced the internalisation of both β1-adrenoceptor-GFP and β2-adrenoceptor-GFP and following removal of the agonist both constructs were able to recycle to the cell surface. The extent of internalisation of β2-adrenoceptor-GFP produced by isoprenaline was substantially greater than for β1-adrenoceptor-GFP. C-terminal addition of GFP slowed markedly the rate of internalization of both the β1-adrenoceptor and the β2-adrenoceptor in response to isoprenaline. Sustained exposure to isoprenaline (24 h) produced substantially greater levels of downregulation of native β2-adrenoceptor compared to β2-adrenoceptor-GFP although both were equally effectively removed from the plasma membrane. Sustained exposure to isoprenaline resulted in a large fraction of β2-adrenoceptor-GFP becoming trapped in internal vesicles/lysosomes but not degraded. Even after sustained exposure to isoprenaline a significant fraction of β1-adrenoceptor-GFP remained at the cell surface. These results indicate that although GFP tagging of β-adrenoceptors can provide qualitative visual patterns of agonist-induced receptor trafficking and regulation in HEK293 cells the quantitative details vary markedly from those obtained with the unmodified receptors. PMID:10952671

  15. Synthesis, characterization, DFT calculations and biological studies of Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) complexes based on a tetradentate ONNO donor Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel-Rahman, Laila H.; Ismail, Nabawia M.; Ismael, Mohamed; Abu-Dief, Ahmed M.; Ahmed, Ebtehal Abdel-Hameed

    2017-04-01

    This study highlights synthesis and characterization of a tetradentate ONNO Schiff base ligand namely (1, 1‧- (pyridine-2, 3-dimethyliminomethyl) naphthalene-2, 2‧-diol) and hereafter denotes as "HNDAP″ and selected metal complexes including Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) as a central metal. HNDAP was synthesized from 1:2 M ratio condensation of 2, 3-diaminopyridine and 2- hydroxy-1-naphthaldhyde, respectively. The stoichiometric ratios of the prepared complexes were estimated using complementary techniques such as; elemental analyses (-C, H, N), FT-IR, magnetic measurements and molar conductivity. Furthermore, their physicochemical studies were carried out using thermal TGA, DTA and kinetic-thermodynamic studies along with DFT calculations. The results of elemental analyses showed that these complexes are present in a 1:1 metal-to- ligand molar ratio. Moreover, the magnetic susceptibilities values at room temperature revealed that Mn(II), Fe(II) and Co(II) complexes are paramagnetic in nature and have an octahedral (Oh) geometry. In contrast, Cd(II) is diamagnetic and stabilizes in square planar sites. The molar conductivity measurements indicated that all complexes are nonelectrolytes in dimethyl formamide. Spectral data suggested that the ligand is as tetradentate and coordinated with Co(II) ion through two phenolic OH and two azomethine nitrogen. However, for Mn(II), Fe(II) and Cd(II) complexes, the coordination occurred through two phenolic oxygen and two azomethine nitrogen with deprotonation of OH groups. The proposed chemical structures have been validated by quantum mechanics calculations. Antimicrobial activities of both the HNDAP Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes were tested against strains of Gram (-ve) E. coli and Gram (+ve) B. subtilis and S. aureus bacteria and C. albicans, A. flavus and T. rubrum fungi. All the prepared compounds showed good results of inhibition against the selected pathogenic microorganisms. The investigated

  16. Ligand Supported E3 Clusters (E = Si-Sn).

    PubMed

    Pan, Sudip; Saha, Ranajit; Osorio, Edison; Chattaraj, Pratim K; Frenking, Gernot; Merino, Gabriel

    2017-03-08

    The interaction among E3 (E = Si, Ge, Sn) clusters and different ligands (L) encompassing five carbon-based donors (cyclic (alkyl)(amino) carbene (cAAC), N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC), saturated NHC (SNHC), mesoionic carbenes (MIC1, and MIC2)), two nitrogen-based donors (trimethylamine and pyridine), and two phosphorous-based donors (phosphinine and trimethylphosphine) in E3(L)3 complexes is explored via density functional theory computations. Although all the carbenes form very strong bond with E3 clusters, cAAC makes the strongest bond with Si3 and Ge3 clusters, and MIC1 with Sn3 cluster. Nevertheless, other ligands bound complexes are also viable at room temperature. This finding indicates that experimentalists may make use of them to synthesize the desired clusters based on precursor availability. The nature of interaction in E-L bonds is analyzed through natural bond orbital analysis, energy decomposition analysis in combination with the natural orbital for chemical valence and adaptive natural density partitioning analysis. The L->E sigma-donation and L<-E pi-back-donation play important roles to make the favorable contacts between L and E3 clusters where the former is significantly more dominant over the latter.

  17. Allosteric-Site and Catalytic-Site Ligand Effects on PDE5 Functions are Associated with Distinct Changes in Physical Form of the Enzyme

    PubMed Central

    Corbin, Jackie D.; Zoraghi, Roya; Francis, Sharron H.

    2009-01-01

    5 in cells after decline of this nucleotide. Reversal was also achieved by Mg++ addition to the pre-incubation mixture to promote cGMP degradation, but Mg++ addition did not reverse the gel-shift caused by sildenafil, which is not hydrolyzed by PDE5. Upon extensive dilution, the effect of tadalafil, a potent PDE5 inhibitor, to enhance catalytic-site affinity for this inhibitor was rapidly reversed. Thus, kinetic effect of binding of a high-affinity PDE5 inhibitor to the catalytic site is more readily reversible than that obtained by cGMP binding to the allosteric site. It is concluded that cGMP or PDE5 inhibitor binding to the catalytic site, or ligand binding to both the catalytic site and allosteric site simultaneously, changes PDE5 to a similar physical form; this form is distinct from that produced by cGMP binding to the allosteric site, which activates the enzyme and reverses more slowly. PMID:19665054

  18. Chiroptical Probing of Lanthanide-Directed Self-Assembly Formation Using btp Ligands Formed in One-Pot Diazo-Transfer/Deprotection Click Reaction from Chiral Amines.

    PubMed

    Byrne, Joseph P; Martínez-Calvo, Miguel; Peacock, Robert D; Gunnlaugsson, Thorfinnur

    2016-01-11

    A series of enantiomeric 2,6-bis(1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridines (btp)-containing ligands was synthesized by a one-pot two-step copper-catalyzed amine/alkyne click reaction. The Eu(III) - and Tb(III) -directed self-assembly formation of these ligands was studied in CH3 CN by monitoring their various photophysical properties, including their emerging circular dichroism and circularly polarized luminescence. The global analysis of the former enabled the determination of both the stoichiometry and the stability constants of the various chiral supramolecular species in solution.

  19. First X-ray diffraction and quantum chemical study of proton-acceptor and proton-donor forms of 5-carboxylcytosine, the last-discovered nucleobase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Irrera, Simona; Portalone, Gustavo

    2013-10-01

    The recently-discovered nucleobase 5-carboxylcytosine (caC) is the final product of oxidative attack on the 5 position of cytosine. It can exist in solution in an equilibrium of different protonated and unprotonated forms within a range of pH, although only the zwitterionic caC± and the anionic caC- species have been detected in the liquid phase. In this work, four proton-transfer compounds of caC have been prepared by varying chemical reagents to ensure different pH during crystallization, and then determined by X-ray crystallography: 5-carboxylcytosinium chloride, bromide and nitrate and 5-carboxylcytosinate phenylbiguanidium. Both cationic and anionic species of caC exist in the solid state as canonical aminooxo tautomers. In caCH+-containing compounds, site protonation always occurs at N3 imino atom. Structural changes in the heterocyclic ring of cationic and anionic forms of caC can be interpreted, in terms of valence bond theory, as an increase in the contribution of different polar canonical forms. Quantum chemical calculations on unionized 5-carboxylcytosine, as well as on the zwitterionic and the anionic species, are also reported in order to estimate the relative energies of the possible tautomeric forms. Theoretical calculations confirm the existence in the isolated molecules of the strong intramolecular hydrogen bond found in the crystal between the adjacent amino and carboxyl groups.

  20. The leukotriene B4 paradox: neutrophils can, but will not, respond to ligand-receptor interactions by forming leukotriene B4 or its omega-metabolites.

    PubMed Central

    Haines, K A; Giedd, K N; Rich, A M; Korchak, H M; Weissmann, G

    1987-01-01

    Leukotriene B4 (5S,12R-dihydroxy-6,14-cis,8,10-trans-eicosatetraenoic acid, LTB4) is released from neutrophils exposed to calcium ionophores. To determine whether LTB4 might be produced by ligand-receptor interactions at the plasmalemma, we treated human neutrophils with serum-treated zymosan (STZ), heat-aggregated IgG and fMet-Leu-Phe (fMLP), agonists at the C3b, Fc and fMLP receptors respectively. STZ (10 mg/ml) provoked the formation of barely detectable amounts of LTB4 (0.74 ng/10(7) cells); no omega-oxidized metabolites of LTB4 were found. Adding 10 microM-arachidonate did not significantly increase production of LTB4 or its metabolites. Addition of 50 microM-arachidonate (an amount which activates protein kinase C) before STZ caused a 40-fold increase in the quantity of LTB4 and its omega-oxidation products. Neither phorbol myristate acetate (PMA, 200 ng/ml) nor linoleic acid (50 microM), also activators of protein kinase C, augmented generation of LTB4 by cells stimulated with STZ. Neither fMLP (10(-6) M) nor aggregated IgG (0.3 mg/ml) induced LTB4 formation (less than 0.01 ng/10(7) cells). Moreover, cells exposed to STZ, fMLP, or IgG did not form all-trans-LTB4 or 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid; their failure to make LTB4 was therefore due to inactivity of neutrophil 5-lipoxygenase. However, adding 50 microM-arachidonate to neutrophil suspensions before fMLP or IgG triggered LTB4 production, the majority of which was metabolized to its omega-oxidized products (fMLP, 20.2 ng/10(7) cells; IgG, 17.1 ng/10(7) cells). The data show that neutrophils exposed to agonists at defined cell-surface receptors produce significant quantities of LTB4 only when treated with non-physiological concentrations of arachidonate. PMID:3032161

  1. Mutated forms of the [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin from Clostridium pasteurianum with noncysteinyl ligands to the iron-sulfur cluster.

    PubMed

    Meyer, J; Fujinaga, J; Gaillard, J; Lutz, M

    1994-11-22

    The [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin from Clostridium pasteurianum is unique among ferredoxins, both by its sequence and by the distribution of its cysteine residues (in positions 11, 14, 24, 56, 60). Thus, no homologous sequences are available to infer, by comparison, the identity of the ligands of the iron-sulfur cluster. Therefore, in order to obtain information on the latter point, a combination of site-directed mutagenesis and UV-vis, EPR, and resonance Raman spectroscopy has been implemented. All of the cysteine residues have individually been replaced by serine and two of them by alanine. Cysteine 14 could be replaced by either serine or alanine without any modification of the spectroscopic properties of the protein and was therefore dismissed as a ligand of the [2Fe-2S] cluster. The C56S, and C60S-mutated proteins were both found to display UV-vis, EPR, and resonance Raman spectra consistent with serine-coordinated [2Fe-2S] clusters. The C11S-mutated protein was considerably less stable than the wild type ferredoxin. This observation, together with the hypsochromic shifts of UV-visible absorption features upon cysteine 11-->serine mutation, suggested cysteine 11 to be a ligand of the [2Fe-2S] cluster. Cysteine 24 could be replaced by either serine or alanine without decreasing the stability of the protein and without dramatically changing its spectroscopic properties. Thus, either cysteine 24 is not a ligand of the [2Fe-2S] cluster or it is replaced by another ligand in the C24A mutated protein. A [2Fe-2S] cluster was also assembled in the C14A/C24A doubly mutated protein, i.e., in a polypeptide chain containing only three cysteine residues.2+ off

  2. Ligand substitution reactions of a phenolic quinolyl hydrazone; oxidovanadium (IV) complexes

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Quinoline ring has therapeutic and biological activities. Quinolyl hydrazones constitute a class of excellent chelating agents. Recently, the physiological and biological activities of quinolyl hydrazones arise from their tendency to form metal chelates with transition metal ions. In this context, we have aimed to study the competency effect of a phenolic quinolyl hydrazone (H2L; primary ligand) with some auxiliary ligands (Tmen, Phen or Oxine; secondary ligands) towards oxidovanadium (IV) ions. Results Mono- and binuclear oxidovanadium (IV) - complexes were obtained from the reaction of a phenolic quinolyl hydrazone with oxidovanadium (IV)- ion in absence and presence of N,N,N',N'- tetramethylethylenediamine (Tmen), 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) or 8-hydroxyquinoline (Oxine). The phenolic quinolyl hydrazone ligand behaves as monobasic bidentate (NO- donor with O- bridging). All the obtained complexes have the preferable octahedral geometry except the oxinato complex (2) which has a square pyramid geometry with no axial interaction; the only homoleptic complex in this study. Conclusion The ligand exchange (substitution/replacement) reactions reflect the strong competency power of the auxiliary aromatic ligands (Phen/Oxine) compared to the phenolic quinolyl hydrazone (H2L) towards oxidovanadium (IV) ion; (complexes 2 and 3). By contrast, in case of the more flexible aliphatic competitor (Tmen), an adduct was obtained (4). The obtained complexes reflect the strength of the ligand field towards the oxidovanadium (IV)- ion; Oxine or Phen >> phenolic hydrazone (H2L) > Tmen. PMID:21846387

  3. Synthesis, structure, photophysical and catalytic properties of CuI-Iodide complexes of di-imine ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mondal, Jahangir; Ghorai, Anupam; Singh, Sunil K.; Saha, Rajat; Patra, Goutam K.

    2016-03-01

    Two new multifunctional CuII based complexes [CuI(L1)] (1) and [Cu2(μ-I)2(L2)] (2) with bidentate N-N donor ligands L1 and imino-pyridyl ligand L2 have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, NMR and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The bidentate di-imine ligand (L1) forms monomeric CuI complex (1) whereas the bis-bidentate di-imine ligand (L2) favours the formation of dimeric CuI complex (2) in association with two bridging iodides. Structural analysis reveals that in complex 1 each monomeric units are connected by π⋯π and C-H⋯π interactions to form 3D supramolecular structure whereas in complex 2 each molecules are connected by only π⋯π interactions to form 3D supramolecular structure. The photoluminescence properties of the complexes have been studied at room temperature. Theoretical analysis shows that HOMO is focused on the Cu and iodides while LUMO is focused on di-imine ligands and the luminescence behaviour arises due to metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and halide to ligand charge transfer (XLCT). The complexes 1 and 2 are effective catalysts for the synthesis of 2-substituted benzoxazoles.

  4. Sequestration of Alkyltin(IV) Compounds in Aqueous Solution: Formation, Stability, and Empirical Relationships for the Binding of Dimethyltin(IV) Cation by N- and O-Donor Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Casale, Agatino; De Stefano, Concetta; Manfredi, Giuseppe; Milea, Demetrio; Sammartano, Silvio

    2009-01-01

    The sequestering ability of polyamines and aminoacids of biological and environmental relevance (namely, ethylenediamine, putrescine, spermine, a polyallylamine, a branched polyethyleneimine, aspartate, glycinate, lysinate) toward dimethyltin(IV) cation was evaluated. The stability of various dimethyltin(IV) / ligand species was determined in NaClaq at t = 25°C and at different ionic strengths (0.1 ≤ I/mol L−1 ≤ 1.0), and the dependence of stability constants on this parameter was modeled by an Extended Debye-Hückel equation and by Specific ion Interaction Theory (SIT) approach. At I = 0.1 mol L−1, for the ML species we have log K = 10.8, 14.2, 12.0, 14.7, 11.9, 7.7, 13.7, and 8.0 for ethylenediamine, putrescine, polyallylamine, spermine, polyethyleneimine, glycinate, lysinate, and aspartate, respectively. The sequestering ability toward dimethyltin(IV) cation was defined by calculating the parameter pL50 (the total ligand concentration, as −log CL, able to bind 50% of metal cation), able to give an objective representation of this ability. Equations were formulated to model the dependence of pL50 on different variables, such as ionic strength and pH, and other empirical predictive relationships were also found. PMID:19590597

  5. Lanthanide complexes of bulky siloxide ligands incorporating pendant amine donors: Synthesis and structural characterization of a volatile tris(siloxide) complex of yttrium(III) and a novel zwitterionic tetrakis(siloxide) of ytterbium(III)

    SciTech Connect

    Shao, Pengcheng; Berg, D.J.; Bushnell, G.W.

    1994-08-03

    The authors describe the synthesis of the silanol ligands, HOSi(t-Bu){sub 3{minus}n}[(CH{sub 2})NME{sub 3}]{sub n} (3, n = 2; 4, n = 1). These ligands react with Ln[N(SiMe{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub 3} yielding the complexes Ln(OSi(t-Bu){sub 3{minus}n}[(CH{sub 2}){sub 3}NMe{sub 2}]{sub n}){sub 3} (5, Ln = Y, n = 2; 6, Ln = y, n = 1; 7, Ln = Ce, n = 1). X-ray diffraction of single crystals of 6 was used for structural characterization. 6 reacts with Ln[N(SiMe{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub 3} to give Ln[OSi-(t-Bu){sub 2}(CH{sub 2}){sub 3}NMe{sub 2}]{sub 3}[OSi(t-Bu){sub 2}(CH{sub 2}){sub 3}NMe{sub 2}]{sub 3}[OSi(t-Bu){sub 2}(CH{sub 2}){sub 3}NMe{sub 2}H] (8, Ln = Y; 9, Ln = Yb). X-ray diffraction of single crystals of 9 was used for structural characterization.

  6. Red-emitting [Ru(bpy)2(N-N)]2+ photosensitizers: emission from a ruthenium(II) to 2,2'-bipyridine (3)MLCT state in the presence of neutral ancillary "super donor" ligands.

    PubMed

    Pal, Amlan K; Nag, Samik; Ferreira, Janaina G; Brochery, Victor; La Ganga, Giuseppina; Santoro, Antonio; Serroni, Scolastica; Campagna, Sebastiano; Hanan, Garry S

    2014-02-03

    The synthesis and characterization of a novel family of [Ru(II)(bpy)2(N-N)](PF6)2 (bpy = 2,2'-bypyridine) complexes are reported, where N-N = pyridine/pyrimidine/pyrazine functionalized in different positions with the electron-donating bicyclic hexahydropyrimidopyrimidine (hpp) unit. A series of bidentate ligands 1a-5a were synthesized in good to high yields (55-96%). The corresponding complexes 1b, 2b, and 5b were prepared in n-butanol, while complexes 3b and 4b were prepared in a mixture of n-butanol and water (1/1, v/v) in modest to good yields (23-76%). Both ligand and complex structures were fully characterized by a variety of techniques, including X-ray crystallography. In cyclic voltammetric studies, all the complexes exhibit a Ru(III/II) couple, which is ∼500 mV less positive than the Ru(III/II) couple in Ru(bpy)3(2+). The (1)MLCT and (3)MLCT states of all of the complexes (530-560 nm/732-745 nm) are shifted bathochromically in comparison to those of Ru(bpy)3(2+) (450 nm/620 nm). These values are in good agreement with DFT and TD-DFT calculations.

  7. Donor-to-Donor vs Donor-to-Acceptor Interfacial Charge Transfer States in the Phthalocyanine-Fullerene Organic Photovoltaic System.

    PubMed

    Lee, Myeong H; Dunietz, Barry D; Geva, Eitan

    2014-11-06

    Charge transfer (CT) states formed at the donor/acceptor heterointerface are key for photocurrent generation in organic photovoltaics (OPV). Our calculations show that interfacial donor-to-donor CT states in the phthalocyanine-fullerene OPV system may be more stable than donor-to-acceptor CT states and that they may rapidly recombine, thereby constituting a potentially critical and thus far overlooked loss mechanism. Our results provide new insight into processes that may compete with charge separation, and suggest that the efficiency for charge separation may be improved by destabilizing donor-to-donor CT states or decoupling them from other states.

  8. Phosphorus donors in highly strained silicon.

    PubMed

    Huebl, Hans; Stegner, Andre R; Stutzmann, Martin; Brandt, Martin S; Vogg, Guenther; Bensch, Frank; Rauls, Eva; Gerstmann, Uwe

    2006-10-20

    The hyperfine interaction of phosphorus donors in fully strained Si thin films grown on virtual Si(1-x)Ge(x) substrates with x< or =0.3 is determined via electrically detected magnetic resonance. For highly strained epilayers, hyperfine interactions as low as 0.8 mT are observed, significantly below the limit predicted by valley repopulation. Within a Green's function approach, density functional theory shows that the additional reduction is caused by the volume increase of the unit cell and a relaxation of the Si ligands of the donor.

  9. Some metal complexes of three new potentially heptadentate (N4O3) tripodal Schiff base ligands; synthesis, characterizatin and X-ray crystal structure of a novel eight coordinate Gd(III) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golbedaghi, Reza; Moradi, Somaeyh; Salehzadeh, Sadegh; Blackman, Allan G.

    2016-03-01

    The symmetrical and asymmetrical potentially heptadentate (N4O3) tripodal Schiff base ligands (H3L1-H3L3) were synthesized from the condensation reaction of three tripodal tetraamine ligands tpt (trpn), tris (3-aminopropyl) amine; ppe (abap), (2-aminoethyl)bis(3-aminopropyl)amine, and tren, tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, with 5-methoxysalicylaldehyde. Then, the reaction of Ln(III) (Ln = Gd, La and Sm), Al(III), and Fe(III) metal ions with the above ligands was investigated. The resulting compounds were characterized by IR, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis in all cases and NMR spectroscopy in the case of the Schiff base ligands. The X-ray crystal structure of the Gd complex of H3L3 ligand showed that in addition to all donor atoms of the ligand one molecule of H2O is also coordinated to the metal ion and a neutral eight-coordinate complex is formed.

  10. [NMR study of complex formation of aromatic ligands with heptadeoxynucleotide 5'-d(GCGAAGC) forming stable hairpin structure in aqueous solution].

    PubMed

    Veselkov, A N; Eaton, R J; Semanin, A V; Pakhomov, V I; Dymant, L N; Karavaev, L; Davies, D V

    2002-01-01

    Complex formation of hairpin-producing heptadeoxynucleotide 5'-d(GCGAAGC) with aromatic molecules: acridine dye proflavine and anthracycline antibiotic daunomycin was studied by one-dimensional 1H NMR and two-dimensional correlation 1H-1H (2M-TOCSY, 2M-NOESY), 1H-31P (2M-HMBC) NMR spectroscopy (500 and 600 MHz) in aqueous solution. Concentration and temperature dependences for the chemical shifts of ligand protons were measured, molecular models of equilibrium in solution were developed, and equilibrium thermodynamic parameters for the formation of intercalation complexes were calculated. Spatial structures of dye and antibiotic complexes with the heptamer hairpin were constructed on the basis of 2M-NOE data and the calculated values of limiting chemical shifts of ligand protons.

  11. Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Fe(III) and U(VI) complexes containing a NSNO donor ligand: Synthesis, characterization, optical band gap, in vitro antimicrobial and DNA cleavage studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousef, T. A.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.; El-Gammal, O. A.; Bedier, R. A.

    2012-12-01

    A new series of [Co(HPTP)Cl(H2O)2], [Cu(HPTP)Cl], [Cd(HPTP)Cl](H2O)4, [Fe(PTP)Cl(H2O)2](H2O), [UO2(HPTP)(OAc)(H2O)2] complexes of Schiff-bases derived from 4-(2-pyridyl)-3-thiosemicarbazide and pyruvic acid (H2PTP) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic studies. Schiff-base exhibit thiol-thione tautomerism wherein sulfur plays an important role in the coordination. The coordination possibility of the Schiff-bases towards metal ions have been proposed in the light of elemental analyses, spectral (IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and ESR), magnetic and thermal studies. IR spectra show that H2PTP is coordinated to the metal ions in a mono or binegative tridentate manner. The electronic spectra of the complexes and their magnetic moments provide information about geometries. The room temperature solid state ESR spectra of the Cu(II) complexes show dx2-y2 as a ground state, suggesting square-planar geometry around Cu(II) center. The molecular parameters: total energy, binding energy, isolated atomic energy, electronic energy, heat of formation, dipole moment, HOMO and LUMO were calculated for the ligand and its complexes. Furthermore, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different decomposition steps were calculated using the Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Also, the optical band gap (Eg) of the metal complexes has been calculated. The optical transition energy (Eg) is direct and equals 3.25, 3.26, 3.34 and 3.27 eV for Co, Cu, Fe and U complexes, respectively. The synthesized ligand, in comparison to its metal complexes is screened for its antibacterial activity against bacterial species, Bacillus thuringiensis, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. The activity data show that the metal complexes to be more potent/antibacterial than the parent Schiff base ligand against one or more bacterial species. Finally, the biochemical studies showed that, Cu, Cd and Fe complexes have powerful and complete

  12. Volunteer donor apheresis.

    PubMed

    Waxman, Dan A

    2002-02-01

    Volunteer donor apheresis has evolved from early plasmapheresis procedures that collected single components into technically advanced multicomponent procedures that can produce combinations of red blood cells, platelets, and plasma units. Blood collection and utilization is increasing annually in the United States. The number of apheresis procedures is also increasing such that single donor platelet transfusions now exceed platelet concentrates from random donors. Donor qualifications for apheresis vary from those of whole blood. Depending on the procedure, the donor weight, donation interval, and platelet count must be taken into consideration. Adverse effects of apheresis are well known and fortunately occur in only a very small percentage of donors. The recruitment of volunteer donors is one of the most challenging aspects of a successful apheresis program. As multicomponent apheresis becomes more commonplace, it is important for collection centers to analyze the best methods to recruit and collect donors.

  13. Magnetism and electronic structure of triplet binuclear niobium complexes in inorganic glasses, organic ligand environment, and polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rakhimov, R. R.; Arrington, S. A.; Jackson, E. M.; Hwang, J. S.; Prokof'ev, A. I.; Alexandrov, I. A.; Aleksandrov, A. I.

    2005-05-01

    We investigated paramagnetic properties of binuclear niobium complexes Nb-O-Nb with two nonequivalent Nb4+ ions in lithium-niobium phosphate glasses (LNPG), in the environment of catechol/ortho-quinone ligands and in polyethylene. Experimental electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum analysis revealed nonequivalent distribution of the charge and electron spin density between two Nb atoms. Mechanochemical interaction of LNPG with an organic donor-acceptor mixture catechol/ortho-quinone followed by organic solvent extraction leads to the formation of a new binuclear complex with catechol/ortho-quinone ligands. This complex can be further incorporated into polyethylene matrix to form the complex with properties close to the complex in LNPG.

  14. Equilibrium thermodynamics to form a rhodium formyl complex from reactions of CO and H2: metal σ donor activation of CO.

    PubMed

    Imler, Gregory H; Zdilla, Michael J; Wayland, Bradford B

    2014-04-23

    A rhodium(II) dibenzotetramethylaza[14]annulene dimer ([(tmtaa)Rh]2) (1) reacts with CO and H2 in toluene and pyridine to form equilibrium distributions with hydride and formyl complexes ((tmtaa)Rh-H (2); (tmtaa)Rh-C(O)H (3)). The rhodium formyl complex ((tmtaa)Rh-C(O)H) was isolated under a CO/H2 atmosphere, and the molecular structure was determined by X-ray diffraction. Equilibrium constants were evaluated for reactions of (tmtaa)Rh-H with CO to produce formyl complexes in toluene (K2(298 K)(tol) = 10.8 (1.0) × 10(3)) and pyridine (K2(298 K)(py) = 2.2 (0.2) × 10(3)). Reactions of 1 and 2 in toluene and pyridine are discussed in the context of alternative radical and ionic pathways. The five-coordinate 18-electron Rh(I) complex ([(py)(tmtaa)Rh(I)](-)) is proposed to function as a nucleophile toward CO to give a two-electron activated bent Rh-CO unit. Results from DFT calculations on the (tmtaa)Rh system correlate well with experimental observations. Reactions of 1 with CO and H2 suggest metal catalyst design features to reduce the activation barriers for homogeneous CO hydrogenation.

  15. New dinuclear nickel(II) and iron(II) complexes with a macrocyclic ligand containing a N6S2 donor-set: synthesis, structural, MALDI-TOF-MS, magnetic and spectroscopic studies.

    PubMed

    Núñez, Cristina; Bastida, Rufina; Macías, Alejandro; Valencia, Laura; Ribas, Joan; Capelo, José Luis; Lodeiro, Carlos

    2010-09-07

    A series of dinuclear Ni(II) and Fe(II) complexes with a Py(2)N(4)S(2) coordinating octadentate macrocyclic ligand L prepared by direct reactions have been studied. The overall geometry and bonding mode have been deduced on the basis of elemental analysis data, infrared, MALDI-TOF-MS, UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. In general both M(2+) centres are sited into the macrocyclic cavity coordinated to a pyridinic nitrogen atom, one sulfur atom, two secondary amine groups from the macrocyclic backbone and completing the coordination spheres with two solvent or anionic molecules in a distorted octahedral geometry, except in the case of [Ni(2)L(mu-Cl)(H(2)O)(2)](BF(4))(3).2H(2)O, where the metal ions are sited in the macrocyclic cavity coordinated to a pyridinic nitrogen atom, one sulfur atom, two secondary amine groups from the macrocyclic backbone, one water molecule and one chloride ion acting as a bridge between the two centres in a distorted octahedral geometry. The magnetic properties of the nickel(II) complexes, [Ni(2)L(CH(3)CN)(4)](BF(4))(4).3.5CH(3)CN (11) and [Ni(2)L(mu-Cl)(H(2)O)(2)](BF(4))(3).2H(2)O (12) has been recorded in the solid state and indicates an unexpected ferromagnetic exchange in both cases, especially in compound 11 because no similar systems are previously reported in the literature presenting this magnetic behaviour. Further complexes with similar ligands are in progress to corroborate this unexpected ferromagnetic behaviour.

  16. Theoretical and experimental studies of two Co(II) and Ni(II) coordination complex with N,O donor 2-chloro-6-{[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}-4 nitrophenol ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusmariya, Brajendra S.; Tiwari, Sandeep; Tiwari, Anjali; Mishra, A. P.; Naikoo, Gowhar Ahmad; Pandit, Umar J.

    2016-07-01

    Here we report two mononuclear Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of general formula [M(L)2(H2O)].2H2O; {M = CoII & NiII} derived from bidentate 2-chloro-6-{[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}-4 nitrophenol ligand (HL). These compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, spectral (FT-IR, electronic and 1H-NMR), molar conductance, thermal, PXRD, SEM and electrochemical studies. Distorted octahedral geometry was proposed around the metal center with ligand (HL). The PXRD and SEM analysis shows the crystalline nature of complexes. The broadening of diffraction peaks were explained in terms of domain size and the lattice strain according to Scherrer and Williamson-Hall method. TG of the synthesized complexes illustrates their general decomposition pattern and thermal stability. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters viz. activation energy (E∗), pre-exponential factor (Z), entropy of activation (ΔS∗), enthalpy of activation (ΔH∗) and free energy of activation (ΔG∗) of degradation process were also evaluated using Coats-Redfern (C-R), Piloyan-Novikova (P-N) and Horowitz-Metzger (H-M) methods for both complexes assuming first order degradation. The optical band gap values of complexes were found to be in good agreement with calculated HOMO-LUMO energy gap (ΔE) and lie in semiconducting range. The cyclic voltammetric studies of synthesized compounds were carried out in order to examine their electrochemical behavior. In addition theoretical calculations by means of DFT at B3LYP level were incorporated to support the experimental findings.

  17. Bio-affinity of copper(II) complexes with nitrogen and oxygen donor ligands: Synthesis, structural studies and in vitro DNA and HSA interaction of copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Jain, Surbhi; Khan, Tanveer A; Patil, Yogesh P; Pagariya, Darshana; Kishore, Nand; Tapryal, Suman; Naik, Anil D; Naik, Sunil G

    2017-09-01

    Reported herein the binding affinity between Human Serum Albumin and the DNA binding and cleavage activity of three copper(II) complexes, [Cu(phen)(o-van)ClO4] (1), [Cu(phen)(gly)]ClO4 (2) and [Cu(L(1))2(H2O)2] (3) wherein 1 and 2 are synthesized with 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and co-ligands (o-van: o-vanillin; gly: glycine) and 3 with a ligand 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-amine (H1L(1)). Complex 2 crystallizes in monoclinic (P21/n) space group shows square pyramidal geometry. The complex 3 crystallizes in monoclinic (P21/a) space group. All the three complexes exhibit binding affinity towards the transport protein Human Serum albumin (HSA). Quantitative evaluation of the thermodynamics of interaction and the results obtained from fluorescence spectroscopy suggest that metal coordinated glycynate, o-vanillin and perchlorate groups have a major role to play in the binding process, the latter two being stronger in the binding of complex 1. The coordinated water in complex 3 also plays an important role in the binding, which makes binding of complex 3 with HSA stronger than that of complex 2. Experimental results indicate that the binding affinity of the complexes towards CT-DNA is in the order 1>3>2 implying that complex 1 binds stronger than complex 3 and 2.The DNA cleaving activity of all the three complexes was explored in the presence of reactive oxygen compound, H2O2. All the three complexes have primarily shown the DNA cleaving activity. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  18. Hexacoordinate Ru-based olefin metathesis catalysts with pH-responsive N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) and N-donor ligands for ROMP reactions in non-aqueous, aqueous and emulsion conditions

    PubMed Central

    Balof, Shawna L; Nix, K Owen; Olliff, Matthew S; Roessler, Sarah E; Saha, Arpita; Müller, Kevin B; Behrens, Ulrich; Valente, Edward J

    2015-01-01

    Summary Three new ruthenium alkylidene complexes (PCy3)Cl2(H2ITap)Ru=CHSPh (9), (DMAP)2Cl2(H2ITap)Ru=CHPh (11) and (DMAP)2Cl2(H2ITap)Ru=CHSPh (12) have been synthesized bearing the pH-responsive H2ITap ligand (H2ITap = 1,3-bis(2’,6’-dimethyl-4’-dimethylaminophenyl)-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene). Catalysts 11 and 12 are additionally ligated by two pH-responsive DMAP ligands. The crystal structure was solved for complex 12 by X-ray diffraction. In organic, neutral solution, the catalysts are capable of performing standard ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) and ring closing metathesis (RCM) reactions with standard substrates. The ROMP with complex 11 is accelerated in the presence of two equiv of H3PO4, but is reduced as soon as the acid amount increased. The metathesis of phenylthiomethylidene catalysts 9 and 12 is sluggish at room temperature, but their ROMP can be dramatically accelerated at 60 °C. Complexes 11 and 12 are soluble in aqueous acid. They display the ability to perform RCM of diallylmalonic acid (DAMA), however, their conversions are very low amounting only to few turnovers before decomposition. However, both catalysts exhibit outstanding performance in the ROMP of dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) and mixtures of DCPD with cyclooctene (COE) in acidic aqueous microemulsion. With loadings as low as 180 ppm, the catalysts afforded mostly quantitative conversions of these monomers while maintaining the size and shape of the droplets throughout the polymerization process. Furthermore, the coagulate content for all experiments stayed <2%. This represents an unprecedented efficiency in emulsion ROMP based on hydrophilic ruthenium alkylidene complexes. PMID:26664616

  19. Inclusion of multiple fragment types in the Site Identification by Ligand Competitive Saturation (SILCS) approach

    PubMed Central

    Raman, E. Prabhu; Yu, Wenbo; Lakkaraju, Sirish K.; MacKerell, Alexander D.

    2014-01-01

    The Site Identification by Ligand Competitive Saturation (SILCS) method identifies the location and approximate affinities of small molecular fragments on a target macromolecular surface by performing Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations of the target in an aqueous solution of small molecules representative of different chemical functional groups. In this study, we introduce a set of small molecules to map potential interactions made by neutral hydrogen bond donors and acceptors, and charged donor and acceptor fragments in addition to nonpolar fragments. The affinity pattern is obtained in the form of discretized probability or, equivalently, free energy maps, called FragMaps, which can be visualized with the target surface. We performed SILCS simulations for four proteins for which structural and thermodynamic data is available for multiple, diverse ligands. Good overlap is shown between high affinity regions identified by the FragMaps and the crystallographic positions of ligand functional groups with similar chemical functionality, thus demonstrating the validity of the qualitative information obtained from the simulations. To test the ability of FragMaps in providing quantitative predictions, we calculate the previously introduced Ligand Grid Free Energy (LGFE) metric and observe its correspondence with experimentally measured binding affinity. LGFE is computed for different conformational ensembles and improvement in prediction is shown with increasing ligand conformational sampling. Ensemble generation includes a Monte Carlo sampling approach that uses the GFE FragMaps directly as the energy function. The results show some, but not all experimental trends are predicted, and warrant improvements in the scoring methodology. In addition, the potential utility of atom-based free energy contributions to the LGFE scores and the use of multiple ligands in SILCS to identify displaceable water molecules during ligand design are discussed. PMID:24245913

  20. Synthesis and characterization of the adducts of bis(O-butylxanthato)Ni(II) with nitrogen donor ligands and X-ray structure of bis(O-butylxanthato)bis(3-chloropyridine)nickel(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kour, Inderjeet; Kour, Gurvinder; Sachar, Renu; Anthal, Sumati; Kant, Rajni

    2017-01-01

    A new series of adducts of bis(O-butylxanthato)nickel(II) with substituted pyridines have been synthesized by treating bis(O-butylxanthato)nickel(II) with substituted pyridines in acetone. The complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, TGA/DTA studies, infrared and electronic spectral studies. X-ray studies of one of the adduct bis(O-butylxanthato)bis(3-chloropyridine)nickel(II) shows that the central metal is octahedrally coordinated within a trans-N2S4 donor set, with the Ni atom located on a centre of inversion. The complex crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with unit cell parameters a = 11.8088(8) Å, b = 12.2042(7) Å, c = 9.0252(5) Å, β = 93.789(6), Z = 2. Crystal structure was solved by direct methods and refined by full matrix least squares procedures to a final R-value of 0.0380 (wR2 = 0.0885) for 2083 observed reflections. The butyl chain is disordered over two set of sites, with occupancy ratios of 0.741:0.259. These studies suggest a distorted octahedral structure and paramagnetic nature of the adducts.

  1. Crystal structures and DFT calculations of new chlorido-dimethylsulfoxide-M(III) (M = Ir, Ru, Rh) complexes with the N-pyrazolyl pyrimidine donor ligand: kinetic vs. thermodynamic isomers.

    PubMed

    Cánaves, María M; Cabra, María I; Bauzá, Antonio; Cañellas, Pablo; Sánchez, Kika; Orvay, Francisca; García-Raso, Angel; Fiol, Juan J; Terrón, Angel; Barceló-Oliver, Miquel; Ballester, Pablo; Mata, Ignasi; Molins, Elies; Hussain, Firasat; Frontera, Antonio

    2014-05-07

    New chlorido-dimethylsulfoxide-iridium(III), ruthenium(III) and rhodium(III) complexes with the 2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-pyrimidine (pyrapyr) ligand (OC-6-N1)-[Rh(III)Cl3(DMSO-κS)(pyrapyr)] (1a, N = 3 and 1b, N = 4); (OC-6-N1)-[Ru(III)Cl3(DMSO-κS)(pyrapyr)] (2a, N = 3 and 2b, N = 4) and (OC-6-N1)-[Ir(III)Cl3(DMSO-κS)(pyrapyr)] (3a, N = 3 and 3b, N = 4) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic techniques and by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies (1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, a disordered crystal 3a/3b and a cocrystal 3a·3b). In all cases, the metal centers show octahedral geometry coordinated to three chloride ligands and one S coordinated dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO-κS). The coordination sphere of the metal is completed by the pyrapyr molecule. Two different coordination modes are observed: (i) the DMSO-κS is opposite to the pyrimidinic N atom (IUPAC nomenclature is OC-6-31 denoted herein as trans); (ii) DMSO-κS is opposite to the pyrazolic N atom (IUPAC nomenclature is OC-6-41 denoted as cis). For Rh(III) the kinetic product (cis) yields the thermodynamic (trans) upon heating a solution of the kinetic product and both isomers have been X-ray characterized. Conversely for Ru(III), both kinetic and thermodynamic complexes have been obtained by using different procedures. Both isomers have been characterized by X-ray crystallography and the kinetic product does not yield the thermodynamic upon heating a solution of the former. Furthermore, the Ir(III) behaves differently, since both isomers are energetically equivalent and both isomers co-crystallize in the solid state. The kinetic/thermodynamic mechanism that yields the different isomers has been studied by using theoretical DFT calculations for each metal. Finally, two Ru(II) complexes (OC-6-N1)-[Ru(II)Cl2(DMSO-κS)2(pyrapyr)] (1a, N = 3 and 4b, N = 4) are also described and X-ray characterized. They were obtained as minor products during the synthesis of 2a.

  2. Synthesis and structure of ruthenium(IV) complexes featuring N-heterocyclic ligands with an N-H group as the hydrogen-bond donor: hydrogen interactions in solution and in the solid state.

    PubMed

    Díez, Josefina; Gimeno, José; Merino, Isabel; Rubio, Eduardo; Suárez, Francisco J

    2011-06-06

    The synthesis and characterization of novel ruthenium(IV) complexes [Ru(η(3):η(3)-C(10)H(16))Cl(2)L] [L = 3-methylpyrazole (2b), 3,5-dimethylpyrazole (2c), 3-methyl-5-phenylpyrazole (2d), 2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)phenol (2e), 6-azauracile (3), and 1H-indazol-3-ol (4)] are reported. Complex 2e is converted to the chelated complex [Ru(η(3):η(3)-C(10)H(16))Cl(κ(2)-N,O-2-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)phenoxy)] (5) by treatment with an excess of NaOH. All of the ligands feature N-H, O-H, or C═O as the potential hydrogen-bonding group. The structures of complexes 2a-2c, 2e, 3, and 5 in the solid state have been determined by X-ray diffraction. Complexes 2a-2c and 3, which contain the pyrazole N-H group, exhibit intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds with chloride ligands [N-H···Cl distances (Å): intramolecular, 2.30-2.78; intermolecular, 2.59-2.77]. Complexes 2e and 3 bearing respectively O-H and C═O groups also feature N-H···O interactions [intramolecular (2e), 2.27 Å; intermolecular (3), 2.00 Å]. Chelated complex 5, lacking the O-H group, only shows an intramolecular N-H···Cl hydrogen bonding of 2.42 Å. The structure of complex 3, which turns out to be a dimer in the solid state through a double intermolecular N-H···O hydrogen bonding, has also been investigated in solution (CD(2)Cl(2)) by NMR diffusion studies. Diffusion-ordered spectroscopy experiments reveal an equilibrium between monomer and dimer species in solution whose extension depends on the temperature, concentration, and coordinating properties of the solvent. Preliminary catalytic studies show that complex 3 is highly active in the redox isomerization of the allylic alcohols in an aqueous medium under very mild reaction conditions (35 °C) and in the absence of a base.

  3. Exchange donor renal transplantation.

    PubMed

    Kim, Soo Jin; Kim, Myoung Soo; Park, Kiil

    2013-01-01

    Nearly 20 years of experience at Severance Hospital has shown that utilizing exchange donors increases the donor pool safely, with outcomes comparable to living related donor grafts. The exchange donor program is invaluable for incompatible donor-recipient pairs to consecutively proceed to transplantation. Recently, newer desensitization protocols have been devised to approach incompatible donor-recipient pairs, but not without risks. These desensitization protocols may be an alternative when confronting the limitations in the exchange program. Therefore, the exchange program and the desensitization protocols should be complementary, not competing strategies and centers should weigh the merits and limitations of each protocol in each incompatible donor-recipient pair to select the optimal method for a safe and successful transplantation.

  4. Designing simple tridentate ligands for highly luminescent europium complexes.

    PubMed

    Shavaleev, Nail M; Eliseeva, Svetlana V; Scopelliti, Rosario; Bünzli, Jean-Claude G

    2009-10-19

    A series of tridentate benzimidazole-substituted pyridine-2-carboxylic acids have been prepared with a halogen, methyl or alkoxy group in the 6-position of the benzimidazole ring, which additionally contains a solubilising N-alkyl chain. The ligands form neutral homoleptic nine-coordinate lanthanum, europium and terbium complexes as established from X-ray crystallographic analysis of eight structures. The coordination polyhedron around the lanthanide ion is close to a tricapped trigonal prism with ligands arranged in an up-up-down fashion. The coordinated ligands serve as light-harvesting chromophores in the complexes with absorption maxima in the range 321-341 nm (epsilon=(4.9-6.0)x10(4) M(-1) cm(-1)) and triplet-state energies between 21 300 and 18 800 cm(-1); the largest redshifts occur for bromine and electron-donor alkoxy substituents. The ligands efficiently sensitise europium luminescence with overall quantum yields (Q(L)(Eu)) and observed lifetimes (tau(obs)) reaching 71 % and 3.00 ms, respectively, in the solid state and 52 % and 2.81 ms, respectively, in CH(2)Cl(2) at room temperature. The radiative lifetimes of the Eu((5)D(0)) level amount to tau(rad)=3.6-4.6 ms and the sensitisation efficiency eta(sens)=Q(L)(Eu)(tau(rad)/tau(obs)) is close to unity for most of the complexes in the solid state and equal to approximately 80 % in solution. The photophysical parameters of the complexes correlate with the triplet energy of the ligands, which in turn is determined by the nature of the benzimidazole substituent. Facile modification of the ligands makes them promising for the development of brightly emissive europium-containing materials.

  5. Syntheses, structures, luminescent and photocatalytic properties of two Zn(II) coordination polymers assembled with mixed bridging N-donors and 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,5-imidazole dicarboxylic acid ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Gang; Shao, Kui-Zhan; Hao, Xiang-Rong; Zhan, Pei-Ying; Su, Zhong-Min

    2017-04-01

    Two new Zn(II) coordination polymers with the formulas of {[Zn3(HCpIDC)2(4,4‧-bipy)(H2O)]·4H2O}n (1) and {[Zn2(CpIDC)(BIMB)]·H2O}n (2) [H4CpIDC = 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,5-imidazole dicarboxylic acid, 4,4‧-bipy = 4,4‧-bipyridine, and BIMB = 1,4-bis(1-imidazolyl)benzene] have been successfully synthesized. Both complexes 1 and 2 feature 3D frameworks in which the IDC groups of HCpIDC3- and CpIDC4- ligands link metal nodes leading to infinite 21 helical chains. The HCpIDC3- and CpIDC4- anions exhibit two coordination modes (μ4-kN,O: kN‧,O‧: kO″,O‴: kO″″ and μ5-kN,O: kN‧,O‧: kO″,O‴: kO″″: kO) in different coordination environments. Further structural analyses show that 1 and 2 are topologically bimodal 4-connected net and trinodal (3,4,6)-connected net, respectively. As is expected, two complexes with good thermal stability displayed strong fluorescence emissions in the solid state at the room temperature. Moreover, complex 1 has some extent of photocatalytic activities for RhB.

  6. New synthesis of a high molecular weight ligand derived from dota; thermodynamic stability of the MRI contrast agent formed with gadolinium.

    PubMed

    Pierrard, Jean-Claude; Rimbault, Jean; Aplincourt, Michel; Le Greneur, Soizic; Port, Marc

    2008-01-01

    The new total synthesis in four steps of the compound P1041 is reported. This compound is a high molecular mass ligand (MW 6.32 kDa) derived from dota in which the four substituents are hydroxylated and contain amidic groups. The attribution of the nine protonation constants of P1041 is based on the comparison with the behaviour of the precursor ligands dota and tced, a tetracarboxylated derivative of dota. From these results, the studies of the systems P1041/Na(+) and P1041/Gd(3+) lead to the determination of the stability constants corresponding to the three species Na(P1041)H(h) (h = 0, 2 or 4) and to the five complexes Gd(P1041)H(h) (h = 0, 2, 3, 4 or 5). The complexing ability of P1041 towards Gd(3+) is compared with those of dota and tced. At physiological pH = 7.4, the very stable species Gd(P1041)H(4) (-) (currently named P792 in the literature) of this rapid clearance blood pool agent is predominant. (c) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  7. Synthetic ability of dinuclear mesocates containing 1,3-bis(diazinecarboxamide)benzene bridging ligands to form complexes of increased nuclearity. Crystal structures, magnetic properties and theoretical studies.

    PubMed

    Palacios, Maria A; Morlieras, Jessica; Herrera, Juan Manuel; Mota, Antonio J; Brechin, Euan K; Triki, Smail; Colacio, Enrique

    2017-08-08

    Triple stranded Ni-metallacyclic complexes Na2.5[Ni2(bpcb)3]·0.5OH·18.5H2O (1) and Na2[Ni2(bpzcb)3]·16H2O (2), and double stranded Cu-metallacyclic complexes [Cu2(bpcb)2(H2O)2]·8H2O (3) and [Cu2(bpzcb)2(H2O)2]·4H2O (4) have been assembled from the tailored bisbidentate bridging ligands, 1,3-bis(pyrimidine-2-carboxamide)benzene (H2bpcb) and 1,3-bis(pyrazine-2-carboxamide)benzene (H2bpzcb), and the corresponding nitrate salts of the metal ions. Following the "complex as ligand" strategy, 1 can be assembled with either Ni(2+), Co(2+) ions or the [Mn(acen)Cl] complex to afford unique, neutral, bent trinuclear molecules [M(II)Ni(bpcb)3]·xH2O (5 and 6) and the 2D honeycomb-like complex (PPh4){[Ni2(bpcb)3]2[Mn(acen)]3} (7), respectively. In these cases, the Ni2 units are linked to the corresponding metal ions through amidate oxygen atoms and the outward nitrogen atom of one of the pyrimidine rings of the bcpb ligand. The assembly of 2 with Ln(3+) ions (Ln(3+) = Tb, Gd) leads to one dimensional complexes of formula [{[Ni2(bpzcb)3]Tb(H2O)5}(CF3SO3)·THF·5H2O]n (8) and [{[Ni2(bpzcb)3]Ln(H2O)4(NO3)}·2THF·nH2O]n (9 and 10) (Ln(3+) = Gd and Tb), where the dinuclear Ni2 units are joined to two Ln(3+) ions exclusively through amidate oxygen atoms of two different ligands. The analyses of the magnetic data indicate that 1-4 exhibit intradinuclear ferromagnetic interactions between the metal ions through a spin polarisation mechanism, as supported by DFT calculations. Trinuclear complexes 5 and 6 show predominant antiferromagnetic coupling, which is a result of an antiferromagnetic interaction between one of the Ni(2+) ions of the Ni2 unit and the M(2+) ion through the pyrimidine bridging fragment that is stronger than the polarised ferromagnetic interaction between the Ni(2+) ions through the bpcb ligand in the dinuclear [Ni2(bpcb)3](2-) moiety. Complex 7 shows a dominant antiferromagnetic interaction between the Ni(2+) and Mn(2+), whereas the Ni2Ln (Ln(3+) = Gd, Tb

  8. Crystal structure and thermal properties of a square-planar Ni(II) complex of cyanide and a tricyclic bis-amidine ligand formed in situ under solvothermal conditions.

    PubMed

    Stolárová, Monika; Černák, Juraj; Tomás, Milagros; Falvello, Larry R

    2013-06-01

    The reaction of N(1),N(1')-(ethane-1,2-diyl)bis(propane-1,3-diamine) (bapen), K2[Ni(CN)4]·H2O and dimethylformamide in the presence of Gd(NO3)3·6H2O under solvothermal conditions yielded yellow crystals of dicyanido(2,3,4,6,7,9,10,11-octahydropyrimido[2',1':3,4]pyrazino[1,2-a]pyrimidine)nickel(II) hemihydrate, [Ni(CN)2(C10H16N4)]·0.5H2O, (I), the crystal structure of which is composed of [Ni(CN)2(pdpm)] molecules (pdpm is 2,3,4,6,7,9,10,11-octahydropyrimido[2',1':3,4]pyrazino[1,2-a]pyrimidine) on general positions linked by O-H···N hydrogen bonds to water molecules located on twofold axes. This structural unit is further linked by nonclassical C-H···N interactions to form a warped two-dimensional net perpendicular to the unit-cell b axis. The nets are stacked, with C-H···O contacts joining successive units. The Ni(II) cation is coordinated with square-planar geometry by a chelating pdpm ligand and two cyanide ligands in mutually cis positions. Complex (I) is stable up to 360 K, at which point dehydration takes place; the ligands start to decompose at 558 K.

  9. Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of tridentate ONO donor Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, characterization, thermal, non-isothermal kinetics and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusmariya, Brajendra S.; Mishra, A. P.

    2017-02-01

    We report here four mononuclear Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) coordination compounds of general formula [M(L)2] {L = dcp; M = CoII, CuII & ZnII} and [M(L)(H2O)]·H2O {L = dcp; M = NiII} derived from tridentate 2,4-dichloro-6-{[(3-chloro-2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)imino]methyl}phenol (dcp) ligand. These compounds were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, uv-vis, 1H NMR, molar conductance, magnetic moment, thermal, PXRD and SEM-EDX. The Powder X-ray Diffraction patterns and SEM analyses showed the crystalline nature of synthesized compounds. The peak broadening was explained in terms of crystallite size and the lattice strain using Scherrer and Williamson-Hall method. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to determine the thermal stability of synthesized compounds under nitrogen atmosphere up to 820 K at 10 Kmin-1 heating rate. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of thermal decomposition were calculated using Coats-Redfern (C-R), Piloyan-Novikova (P-N) and Horowitz-Metzger (H-M) methods assuming first order degradation. The calculated optical band gap values of complexes were found to be in semiconducting range. To support the experimental findings, and derive some fruitful information viz. frequency calculations, HOMO-LUMO, energy gap (ΔE), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), spin density, absorption spectra etc.; theoretical calculations by means of DFT and TD-DFT at B3LYP level were incorporated.

  10. The Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) forms a complex with the PDZ domain-containing protein ligand-of-numb protein-X (LNX).

    PubMed

    Sollerbrant, Kerstin; Raschperger, Elisabeth; Mirza, Momina; Engstrom, Ulla; Philipson, Lennart; Ljungdahl, Per O; Pettersson, Ralf F

    2003-02-28

    The Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) functions as a virus receptor, but its primary biological function is unknown. A yeast two-hybrid screen was used to identify Ligand-of-Numb protein-X (LNX) as a binding partner to the intracellular tail of CAR. LNX harbors several protein-protein interacting domains, including four PDZ domains, and was previously shown to bind to and regulate the expression level of the cell-fate determinant Numb. CAR was able to bind LNX both in vivo and in vitro. Efficient binding to LNX required not only the consensus PDZ domain binding motif in the C terminus of CAR but also upstream sequences. The CAR binding region in LNX was mapped to the second PDZ domain. CAR and LNX were also shown to colocalize in vivo in mammalian cells. We speculate that CAR and LNX are part of a larger protein complex that might have important functions at discrete subcellular localizations in the cell.

  11. Probing riboswitch-ligand interactions using thiamine pyrophosphate analogues.

    PubMed

    Chen, Liuhong; Cressina, Elena; Dixon, Neil; Erixon, Karl; Agyei-Owusu, Kwasi; Micklefield, Jason; Smith, Alison G; Abell, Chris; Leeper, Finian J

    2012-08-14

    The Escherichia coli thiM riboswitch forms specific contacts with its natural ligand, thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP or thiamine diphosphate), allowing it to generate not only nanomolar binding affinity, but also a high degree of discrimination against similar small molecules. A range of synthetic TPP analogues have been used to probe each of the riboswitch-ligand interactions. The results show that the pyrimidine-sensing helix of thiM is exquisitely tuned to select for TPP by recognising the H-bonding donor and acceptors around its aminopyrimidine ring and also by forming π-stacking interactions that may be sensitive to the electronics of the ring. The central thiazolium ring of TPP appears to be more important for ligand recognition than previously thought. It may contribute to binding via long-range electrostatic interactions and/or by exerting an electron withdrawing effect on the pyrimidine ring, allowing its presence to be sensed indirectly and thereby allowing discrimination between thiamine (and its phosphate esters) and other aminopyrimidines found in vivo. The pyrophosphate moiety is essential for submicromolar binding affinity, but unexpectedly, it does not appear to be strictly necessary for modulation of gene expression.

  12. Aluminum complexes of the redox-active [ONO] pincer ligand.

    PubMed

    Szigethy, Géza; Heyduk, Alan F

    2012-07-14

    A series of aluminum complexes containing the tridentate, redox-active ligand bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-phenol)amine ([ONO]H(3)) in three different oxidation states were synthesized. The aluminum halide salts AlCl(3) and AlBr(3) were reacted with the doubly deprotonated form of the ligand to afford five-coordinate [ONHO(cat)]AlX(solv) complexes (1a, X = Cl, solv = OEt(2); 1b, X = Br, solv = THF), each having a trigonal bipyramidal coordination geometry at the aluminum and containing the [ONHO(cat)](2-) ligand with a protonated, sp(3)-hybridized nitrogen donor. The [ONO] ligand platform may also be added to aluminum through the use of the oxidized ligand salt [ONO(q)]K, which was reacted with AlCl(3) in the presence of either diphenylacetylacetonate (acacPh(2)(-)) or 8-oxyquinoline (quinO(-)) to afford [ONO(q)]Al(acacPh(2))Cl (2) or [ONO(q)]Al(quinO)Cl (3), respectively, with well-defined [ONO(q)](-) ligands. Quinonate complexes 2 and 3 were reduced by one electron to afford the corresponding complexes K{[ONO(sq)]Al(acacPh(2))(py)} (4) and K{[ONO(sq)]Al(quinO)(py)} (5), respectively, containing well-defined [ONO(sq)](2-) ligands. The addition of tetrachloro-1,2-quinone to 1a in the presence of pyridine resulted in the expulsion of HCl and the formation of an aluminum complex with two different redox active ligands, [ONO]Al(o-O(2)C(6)Cl(4))(py) (6). Similar results were obtained when 1a was reacted with 9,10-phenanthrenequinone to afford [ONO]Al(o-O(2)C(14)H(8))(py) (7) or with pyrene-4,5-dione to afford [ONO]Al(o-O(2)C(16)H(8))(py) (8). Structural, spectroscopic and preliminary magnetic measurements on 6-8 suggest ligand non-innocent redox behavior in these complexes.

  13. Towards building artificial light harvesting complexes: enhanced singlet-singlet energy transfer between donor and acceptor pairs bound to albumins.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Challa V; Duff, Michael R

    2008-12-01

    Specific donor and acceptor pairs have been assembled in bovine serum albumin (BSA), at neutral pH and room temperature, and these dye-protein complexes indicated efficient donor to acceptor singlet-singlet energy transfer. For example, pyrene-1-butyric acid served as the donor and Coumarin 540A served as the acceptor. Both the donor and the acceptor bind to BSA with affinity constants in excess of 2x10(5) M(-1), as measured in absorption and circular dichroism (CD) spectral titrations. Simultaneous binding of both the donor and the acceptor chromophores was supported by CD spectra and one chromophore did not displace the other from the protein host, even when limited concentrations of the host were used. For example, a 1:1:1 complex between the donor, acceptor and the host can be readily formed, and spectral data clearly show that the binding sites are mutually exclusive. The ternary complexes (two different ligands bound to the same protein molecule) provided opportunities to examine singlet-singlet energy transfer between the protein-bound chromophores. Donor emission was quenched by the addition of the acceptor, in the presence of limited amounts of BSA, while no energy transfer was observed in the absence of the protein host, under the same conditions. The excitation spectra of the donor-acceptor-host complexes clearly show the sensitization of acceptor emission by the donor. Protein denaturation, as induced by the addition of urea or increasing the temperature to 360 K, inhibited energy transfer, which indicate that protein structure plays an important role. Sensitization also proceeded at low temperature (77 K) and diffusion of the donor or the acceptor is not required for energy transfer. Stern-Volmer quenching plots show that the quenching constant is (3.1+/-0.2)x10(4) M(-1), at low acceptor concentrations (<35 microM). Other albumins such as human and porcine proteins also served as good hosts for the above experiments. For the first time, non

  14. O-Glycosyl Donors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    López, J. Cristóbal

    O-Glycosyl donors, despite being one of the last successful donors to appear, have developed themselves into a burgeoning class of glycosyl donors. They can be classified in two main types: O-alkyl and O-aryl (or hetaryl) glycosyl donors. They share, however, many characteristics, they can be (1) synthesized from aldoses, either by modified Fisher glycosidation (O-alkyl) or by nucleophilic aromatic substitution (O-aryl or O-hetaryl), (2) stable to diverse chemical manipulations, (3) directly used for saccharide coupling, and (4) chemoselectively activated. Among these, n-pentenyl glycosides stand apart. They were the first O-alkyl glycosyl donors to be described and have paved the way to many conceptual developments in oligosaccharide synthesis. The development of the chemoselectivity-based "armed-disarmed" approach for saccharide coupling, including its stereoelectronic or torsional variants, now extended to other kinds of glycosyl donors, was first recognized in n-pentenyl glycosides. The chemical manipulation of the anomeric substituent in the glycosyl donor to induce reactivity differences between related species (sidetracking) was also introduced in n-pentenyl glycosides. An evolution of this concept, the "latent-active" strategy for glycosyl couplings, first described in thioglycosyl donors (vide infra), has been elegantly applied to O-glycosyl donors. Thus, allyl and vinyl glycosides, 2-(benzyloxycarbonyl)benzyl (BCB) glycosides and 2'-carboxybenzyl (CB) glycosides are useful "latent-active" glycosyl pairs. Finally, unprotected 3-methoxy-2-pyridyl (MOP) glycosides have been used in glycosylation processes with moderate success.

  15. Characterization of two forms of mouse salivary androgen-binding protein (ABP): implications for evolutionary relationships and ligand-binding function.

    PubMed

    Karn, Robert C; Laukaitis, Christina M

    2003-06-17

    Mouse salivary androgen-binding protein (ABP) is a member of the secretoglobin family produced in the submaxillary glands of house mice (Mus musculus). We report the cDNA sequences and amino acid sequences of the beta and gamma subunits of ABP from a mouse cDNA library, identifying the two subunits by their pIs and molecular weights. An anomalously high molecular weight of the alpha subunit is likely due to glycosylation at a single site. A phylogenetic comparison of the three subunits of ABP with the chains of other mammalian secretoglobins shows that ABP is most closely related to mouse lachrymal protein and to the major cat allergen Fel dI. An evaluation of the most conserved residues in ABP and the other secretoglobins, in light of structural data reported by others [Callebaut, I., Poupon, A., Bally, R., Demaret, J.-P., Housset, D., Delettre, J., Hossenlopp, P., and Mornon, J.-P. (2000) Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 923, 90-112; Pattabiraman, N., Matthews, J., Ward, K., Mantile-Selvaggi, G., Miele, L., and Mukherjee, A. (2000) Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 923, 113-127], allows us to draw conclusions about the critical residues important in ligand binding by the two different ABP dimers and to assess the importance of ligand binding in the function of the molecule. In addition to the cDNAs, which represent those of the musculus subspecies of Mus musculus, we also report the coding regions of the beta and gamma subunit cDNAs from two other mouse inbred strains which represent the other two subspecies: M. musculus domesticus and M. musculus castaneus. The high nonsynonymous/synonymous substitution rate ratios (K(a)/K(s)) for both the beta and gamma subunits suggest that these two proteins are evolving under strong directional selection, as has been reported for the alpha subunit [Hwang, J., Hofstetter, J., Bonhomme, F., and Karn, R. (1997) J. Hered. 88, 93-97; Karn, R., and Clements, M. (1999) Biochem. Genet. 37, 187-199].

  16. A novel homozygous Fas ligand mutation leads to early protein truncation, abrogation of death receptor and reverse signaling and a severe form of the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome.

    PubMed

    Nabhani, Schafiq; Hönscheid, Andrea; Oommen, Prasad T; Fleckenstein, Bernhard; Schaper, Jörg; Kuhlen, Michaela; Laws, Hans-Jürgen; Borkhardt, Arndt; Fischer, Ute

    2014-12-01

    We report a novel type of mutation in the death ligand FasL that was associated with a severe phenotype of the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome in two patients. A frameshift mutation in the intracellular domain led to complete loss of FasL expression. Cell death signaling via its receptor and reverse signaling via its intracellular domain were completely abrogated. In vitro lymphocyte proliferation induced by weak T cell receptor stimulation could be blocked and cell death was induced by engagement of FasL in T cells derived from healthy individuals and a heterozygous carrier, but not in FasL-deficient patient derived cells. Expression of genes implicated in lymphocyte proliferation and activation (CCND1, NFATc1, NF-κB1) was increased in FasL-deficient T cells and could not be downregulated by FasL engagement as in healthy cells. Our data thus suggest, that deficiency in FasL reverse signaling may contribute to the clinical lymphoproliferative phenotype of ALPS.

  17. New potential uroselective NO-donor alpha1-antagonists.

    PubMed

    Boschi, Donatella; Tron, Gian Cesare; Di Stilo, Antonella; Fruttero, Roberta; Gasco, Alberto; Poggesi, Elena; Motta, Gianni; Leonardi, Amedeo

    2003-08-14

    A recent uroselective alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist, REC15/2739, has been joined with nitrooxy and furoxan NO-donor moieties to give new NO-donor alpha(1)-antagonists. All the compounds studied proved to be potent and selective ligands of human cloned alpha(1a)-receptor subtype. Derivatives 6 and 7 were able to relax the prostatic portion of rat vas deferens contracted by (-)-noradrenaline because of both their alpha(1A)-antagonist and their NO-donor properties.

  18. Donor Telomere Length SAA

    Cancer.gov

    A new NCI study has found that, among patients with severe aplastic anemia who received a hematopoietic cell transplant from an unrelated donor, those whose donor white blood cells had longer telomeres had higher survival rates five-years after transplant

  19. Rich Donors, Poor Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, M. A.

    2012-01-01

    The shifting ideological winds of foreign aid donors have driven their policy towards governments in poor countries. Donors supported state-led development policies in poor countries from the 1940s to the 1970s; market and private-sector driven reforms during the 1980s and 1990s; and returned their attention to the state with an emphasis on…

  20. Expression of CYP3A in chronic ethanol-fed mice is mediated by endogenous pregnane X receptor ligands formed by enhanced cholesterol metabolism.

    PubMed

    Je, Young-Tae; Sim, Woo-Cheol; Kim, Dong-Gwang; Jung, Byung-Hwa; Shin, Ho-Sang; Lee, Byung-Hoon

    2015-04-01

    Pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a nuclear receptor that plays a key regulatory role in xenobiotic metabolism in a ligand-dependent manner. Recently, ethanol was reported to be either an inducer or inhibitor of Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A expression. According to our recent microarray data, chronic ethanol upregulates the expression of the genes associated with oxidative phase I drug metabolism, phase II conjugation reaction and phase III xenobiotic transport, most of which are known to be regulated by PXR. In this study, we investigated the effects of chronic ethanol on the expression and activity of CYP3A11 in mice and the role of PXR. Ethanol was administrated to male ICR mice by feeding a standard Lieber-DeCarli diet containing 36 % ethanol for 4 weeks. Ethanol significantly increased hepatic mRNA expression of Pxr and Cyp3a11. Treatment of mice with ethanol increased nuclear translocation of PXR. Consistent with the increase in nuclear PXR, ethanol significantly increased the binding of PXR to the Cyp3a11 promoter. Hepatic cholesterol level and bile acid synthesis are increased by ethanol treatment. The level of some cholesterol metabolites, such as 5β-cholestane-3α,7α,12α-triol, 7α-hydroxy-4-cholestene-3-one and lithocholic acid, that have been identified as potent PXR agonists are increased in the livers of ethanol-treated mice. In summary, chronic ethanol upregulates the expression of Pxr and Cyp3a11 mRNAs and proteins in mice by PXR activation mediated by enhanced cholesterol metabolism and bile acid synthesis. Our data provide some critical information needed to understand the molecular mechanisms of ethanol-induced CYP3A expression.

  1. Sperm donors describe the experience of contact with their donor-conceived offspring

    PubMed Central

    Hertz, R.; Nelson, M.K.; Kramer, W.

    2015-01-01

    This study explores the attitudes and experiences of 57 sperm donors who responded to a survey posted online in the United States and indicated that they had had contact with their donor-conceived offspring or the parents of their donor-conceived offspring. On average, 18 years had elapsed since the respondents donated sperm. In the interim between donating and having contact with offspring, most had become curious about their offspring. Most made contact through a bank or online registry. Most respondents had communicated with at least one offspring at least once and most had exchanged photos with offspring. Approximately two-thirds had met in person once; the same proportion had communicated over email or text. Other forms of communication were less common. Almost half of the respondents now considered their donor-conceived offspring to be like a family member. At the same time, donors are respectful of the integrity of the family in which their offspring were raised. Donors with contact are open to having their partners and children know their donor-conceived offspring. Although contact is generally positive, donors report that establishing boundaries and defining the relationship can be very difficult. Some donors also urge those who are thinking of donating to consider the consequences and some suggest avoiding anonymity. There were no significant differences in attitudes and experiences between those who donated anonymously and those who had been identity-release for their offspring when they turned 18. PMID:26175887

  2. Expanding the live kidney donor pool: ethical considerations regarding altruistic donors, paired and pooled programs.

    PubMed

    Patel, Shaneel Rajendra; Chadha, Priyanka; Papalois, Vassilios

    2011-06-01

    In renal transplant, there is a well-known deficiency in organ supply relative to demand. Live donation provides superior results when compared with deceased donation including a better rate of graft success and fewer immunologic complications. This deficiency in organs leads to significant morbidity and mortality rates. Alternative avenues have been extensively explored that may expand the live donor pool. They include altruistic donation as well as paired and pooled exchange programs. Altruistic donation is a truly selfless act from a donor unknown to the recipient. Kidney paired donation involves 2 incompatible donor-recipient pairs swapping donors to produce compatibility. Pooled donation involves at least 2 pairs, and can take the form of domino chains in which altruistic input sets up a chain of transplants, in which each recipient's incompatible donor makes a donation for the next recipient. Despite application of these various methods, there lie extensive ethical issues surrounding them. Misconceptions frequently occur; for instance, the perceived benefit that donating an organ to a loved one is greater for a related donor than for an altruistic one. Additionally, it is frequently believed that immunologic incompatibility offers coerced donors liberation from surgery, and that overcoming these barriers by introducing exchange programs provides vulnerable donors less protection. This article explores these and other complex ethical issues surrounding the various methods of expanding the donor pool. The authors offer opinions that challenge the ethical issues and attempt to overcome those views that hinder progress in the field.

  3. Crystal structure of a tetranuclear CuII complex with an O,N,N′-donor Schiff base ligand: hexa-μ2-acetato-bis­(2-{[(2,2,6,6-tetra­methyl­piperidin-4-yl)imino]­meth­yl}phenolato-κ3 O,N,N′)tetra­copper(II)

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Guohui; Liu, Xiaoxuan

    2016-01-01

    The title compound, [Cu4(CH3COO)6(C16H23N2O)2], lies across a twofold rotation axis. The asymmetric unit contains two independent CuII ions. The symmetry-unique terminal CuII ion is O,N,N′-coordinated by a 2-{[(2,2,6,6-tetra­methyl­piperidin-4-yl)imino]­meth­yl}phenolate ligand and an O atom from an acetate group in a slightly distorted square-planar coordination environment. The symmetry-unique central CuII ion is coordinated by a different O atom from the same acetate group and by four bridging acetate ligands, which connect the asymmetric unit into a dimeric complex and form a distorted square-pyramidal coordination environment. Within the complex there are two symmetry-equivalent intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. In the crystal, weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the complex mol­ecules, forming a three-dimensional network. PMID:27375896

  4. Crystal structure of a tetranuclear Cu(II) complex with an O,N,N'-donor Schiff base ligand: hexa-μ2-acetato-bis-(2-{[(2,2,6,6-tetra-methyl-piperidin-4-yl)imino]-meth-yl}phenolato-κ(3) O,N,N')tetra-copper(II).

    PubMed

    Huang, Guohui; Liu, Xiaoxuan

    2016-04-01

    The title compound, [Cu4(CH3COO)6(C16H23N2O)2], lies across a twofold rotation axis. The asymmetric unit contains two independent Cu(II) ions. The symmetry-unique terminal Cu(II) ion is O,N,N'-coordinated by a 2-{[(2,2,6,6-tetra-methyl-piperidin-4-yl)imino]-meth-yl}phenolate ligand and an O atom from an acetate group in a slightly distorted square-planar coordination environment. The symmetry-unique central Cu(II) ion is coordinated by a different O atom from the same acetate group and by four bridging acetate ligands, which connect the asymmetric unit into a dimeric complex and form a distorted square-pyramidal coordination environment. Within the complex there are two symmetry-equivalent intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. In the crystal, weak C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the complex mol-ecules, forming a three-dimensional network.

  5. A series of Zn/Cd coordination polymers constructed from 1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylate and N-donor ligands: Syntheses, structures and luminescence sensing of Cr3+ in aqueous solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Dong-Cheng; Fan, Yan; Si, Chang-Dai; Wu, Ya-Jun; Dong, Xiu-Yan; Yang, Yun-Xia; Yao, Xiao-Qiang; Liu, Jia-Cheng

    2016-09-01

    A novel series of Zn/Cd coordination polymers based on H3L, namely, [Zn2(HL)2(bipy)2(H2O)6]n (1), [Zn(HL)(phen)]n (2), [Cd3L2(bbi)3]n (3), [Zn3L2(bbi)3]n (4) [(H3L =4-[(1-carboxynaphthalen-2-yl)oxy]phthalic acid, bipy =4,4‧-bipyridine, phen =1,10-phenanthroline, bbi =1,1‧-(1,4-butanediyl)bis(imidazole] have been successfully synthesized by solvothermal reaction. Compound 1 possesses two diverse 1D chains constructed by different bipy coligands, which were further connected to form a 3D supramolecular architecture by hydrogen bonding interactions. Compound 2 possesses a complicated 1D chain based on secondary building unit (SBU) with binuclear Zn cluster. Compounds 3 and 4 exhibit similar 2D→3D framework, which can be rationalized as (3,4,4)-connected 3D net with a Schläfli symbol of (63.8.102)2(63)2(64.8.10). In particular, compound 3 exhibited a high sensitivity for Cr3+ in aqueous solutions, which suggest that compound 3 is a promising luminescent probe for selectively sensing Cr3+.

  6. 2-(Naphthalen-2-yl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinazoline-2-carbaldehyde Oxime and Co(III) and Ni(II) Complexes of Tridentate Ligand Containing Oxime, Imine and Amine Donor Groups: Syntheses, Characterisation and Thermal Properties.

    PubMed

    Sirikçi, G; İrez, G; Gençkal, H Mutlu

    2012-12-01

    A novel 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinazoline oxime was synthesised from a condensation reaction of 2-(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-oxoacetaldehyde oxime with 2-aminobenzylamine. Subsequently, a-imine oxime complexes of this compound that formed with Co(III) and Ni(II) metal ions were obtained. All structures were characterised by spectral methods (FT-IR, nmr, AAS, mass), elemental analysis, thermal analyses, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity. The analyses confirmed the following molecular formulae: [Co(L)2]Cl • C2H5OH • 0,5H2O and [Ni(HL)2]Cl2. The Co(III) complex is diamagnetic. Magnetic susceptibility measurements revealed octahedral geometry for the Co(III) and Ni(II) complexes. In the complexes, the chloride ion was found to be noncoordinated to the metal ions as confirmed by conductivity measurements. The NMR spectra of the Co(III) complex confirmed the presence ofethanol in the Co(III) complex. The experimental results of TG-DTA showed that the Co(III) complex contained ethanol and crystal water in the first two stages. The end of the thermal decomposition of the complexes yielded a final product of a metal oxide.

  7. Energy transfer ligands of the GluR2 ligand binding core.

    PubMed

    Petrik, Amy F; Strub, Marie-Paule; Lee, Jennifer C

    2010-03-09

    Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate excitatory signaling in the central nervous system. When a ligand binds to the extracellular domain of iGluRs, local conformational changes ensue and this motion is translated to the transmembrane domain, inducing channel opening. We have used an isolated ligand binding domain, GluR2-S1S2J (GluR2), as a model system to study the protein-ligand complex by steady-state and time-resolved intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence measurements. Specifically, we determined that the widely used and structurally characterized antagonist, 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (DNQX), acts as an efficient fluorescence energy transfer (FET) acceptor for Trp. Consistent with crystallographic data, our results indicate that the four native tryptophans are within Forster's radius (R(o) approximately 33 A) of the bound ligand. Additionally, we demonstrate the broader value of this technique by identifying an original FET ligand, 3-nitrotyrosine (3NY), for GluR2 (R(o) approximately 24 A; apparent dissociation constant K(d) approximately 170 microM). Estimated average donor-acceptor (Trp-ligand) distances extracted from tryptophan excited-state decays are similar for both ligands (approximately 24 A), suggesting that 3NY binds in the structurally characterized ligand binding cleft. Moreover, an alternative competition assay utilizing Trp --> DNQX quenching for detection of ligand binding in GluR2 is described.

  8. Energy Transfer Ligands of the GluR2 Ligand Binding Core†

    PubMed Central

    Petrik, Amy F.; Strub, Marie-Paule; Lee, Jennifer C.

    2010-01-01

    Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate excitatory signaling in the central nervous system. Upon ligand binding to the extracellular domain of iGluRs local conformational changes ensue and this motion is translated to the transmembrane domain inducing channel opening. We have used an isolated ligand binding domain, GluR2-S1S2J (GluR2), as a model system to study the protein-ligand complex by steady-state and time-resolved intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence measurements. Specifically, we determined that the widely used and structurally characterized antagonist, 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (DNQX) acts as an efficient fluorescence energy transfer (FET) acceptor for Trp. Consistent with crystallographic data, our results indicate that the four native tryptophans are within Förster's radius (Ro ∼ 33 Å) of the bound ligand. Additionally, we demonstrate the broader value of this technique by identifying an original FET ligand, 3-nitrotyrosine (3NY) for GluR2 (Ro ∼ 24 Å, apparent dissociation constant, Kd ∼ 170 μM). Estimated average donor-acceptor (Trp-to-ligand) distances extracted from tryptophan excited-state decays are similar for both ligands (∼24 Å) suggesting that 3NY binds in the structurally characterized ligand-binding cleft. Moreover, an alternative competition assay utilizing Trp→DNQX quenching for detection of ligand binding in GluR2 is described. PMID:20155979

  9. Synthesis, and characterization of low- and high-spin manganese(II) complexes of polyfunctional adipoyldihydrazone: Effect of coordination of N-donor ligands on stereo-redox chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basumatary, Debajani; Lal, Ram Ashray; Kumar, Arvind

    2015-07-01

    Manganese(II) complexes [MnII(npahH2)] (1), [MnII(npahH2)(A)2] and [MnII(npahH2)(NN)] (where A = pyridine, (2); 2-picoline, (3); 3-picoline, (4); 4-picoline, (5) and NN = 2,2‧ bipyridine, (6); 1,10-phenanthroline, (7)) have been synthesized from bis(2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde)adipoyldihydrazone (npahH4) in methanol. The composition of metal complexes has been established by elemental analyses. Complexes (1) and (3) have been characterized by mass spectral data also. Structural assessments of the complexes have been based on data obtained from molar conductance, magnetic moment, electronic, electron paramagnetic resonance and infrared spectral studies. Conductivity measurements in DMSO suggest that they are non-electrolyte. Electronic spectral studies suggest a six-coordinate octahedral geometry around the manganese center in complexes (2) to (7) and square-planar geometry in complex (1). IR spectral studies reveal that the dihydrazone coordinates to the metal in keto form with an anti-cis configuration. Magnetic moment, and EPR studies suggest manganese in +2 oxidation state in all complexes with high-spin distorted octahedral stereochemistry in complexes (2-7) while low-spin square-planar stereochemistry is involved with significant metal-metal interactions in the solid state in complex (1). Cyclic voltammetric studies reveal that the metal center cycles among the MnII → MnI → Mn0 in complexes (2) to (7) and among MnII → MnI oxidation states in complex (1).

  10. [Motivations of oocytes donors].

    PubMed

    Cauvin, P

    2009-01-01

    Oocyte donation is a complex situation that requires the applicant couple to deal with the presence of the donor in the history of the child conception. Accepting the eggs is not the same thing than accepting the donor. Her place in the child's life depends on how his parents will accept her phantasmal reality beyond her real person. Paying attention to the story told by the donors on their motivations may help parents internalize this conception to three. We show from two clinical observations, that the generosity of donors is connected to personal issues that do not relate to unborn child or its parents. If there are two mothers in oocyte donation, they are not really in competition because there are also two children: the child conceived through donation is that of the project of the couple, the child to which the donor thinks, is and will remain in phantasmal domain, i.e. linked to the personal history of the donor. We also show that the psychological interview fully responds to the donor expectations when it seeks to highlight her motives.

  11. National Marrow Donor Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-05

    IIB.3 Hypothesis 3 – Algorithm to Predict Best Donor 10 IIB.3.1 Aim 1 – Phase I of EM Haplotype Logic No Activity 10 IIB.3.2 Aim 2 – Enhancement...1.1 Aim 1 – Donor Recipient Pair Project Open 12 IIC.2 Hypothesis 1 – Role of Other Loci and GVHD 13 IIC.2.1 Aim 1 – Analysis of Non-HLA Loci Open 13...and on the nuances of HLA typing can be used to design computer algorithms to predict the best matched donor. IIB.3.1 Aim 1: Phase I of EM

  12. National Marrow Donor Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-05

    AlGorithm to Predict Best Donor Task 1 -Incorporate Frequencies into Matchin" AI"orithm Open Task 2 - Enhancement of EM Algorithm Open Task 3 - Optimal...Immunooenetic Studies Ob.jective 1- Influence ofHLA Mismatches Task I - Donor Recipient Pair Project Open Objective 1- Role of Other Loci and GVHD Task I...typing can be used to design computer algorithms to predict the best matched donor. IIB.3. Task 1: Period 8 Activity: Phase I of EM Worked on a

  13. National Marrow Donor Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-17

    Algorithm No Activity 13 IIB.3 Hypothesis 3 – Algorithm to Predict Best Donor 14 IIB.3.1 Aim 1 – Phase I of EM Haplotype Logic No Activity 14 IIB...of HLA Mismatches 15 IIC.1.1 Aim 1 – Donor Recipient Pair Project Open 15 IIC.2 Hypothesis 1 – Role of Other Loci and GVHD 16 IIC.2.1 Aim 1...frequencies and on the nuances of HLA typing can be used to design computer algorithms to predict the best matched donor. IIB.3.1 Aim 1: Phase I of EM

  14. Live donor transplantation--the incompetent donor: comparative law.

    PubMed

    Wolfman, Samuel; Shaked, Tali

    2008-12-01

    Informed consent of the patient to medical treatment is an essential prerequisite for any invasive medical procedure. However in emergency cases, when the patient is unable to sign a consent form due to unconsciousness or to psychotic state, than the primary medical consideration shall take place. In such a case, in order to save life or even prevent a major medical hazard to the patient, doctors are allowed, in certain cases and in accordance with well accepted medical practice, to perform invasive procedures, major surgery or risky pharmacological treatment, without the explicit consent of the patient. All the above refers to the cases when avoidance of such non-consented treatment may harm severely the health and wellbeing of the patient and there is no doubt that such treatment is for the ultimate benefit of the patient. The question, however, shall arise when such a medical procedure is not necessarily for the benefit of the patient, but rather for the benefit of somebody else. Such is the case in the transplantation area and the question of living donor-donee relationship. This paper shall analyze the legal situation in cases of non competent donors whose consent cannot be considered legal consent given in full understanding and out of free will. It will also compare three legal systems, the Israeli, the American and the traditional Jewish law, with regard to the different approaches to this human problem, where the autonomy of the donor may be sacrificed for the purpose of saving life of another person.

  15. Crystal structure of the ligand-binding form of nanoRNase from Bacteroides fragilis, a member of the DHH/DHHA1 phosphoesterase family of proteins.

    PubMed

    Uemura, Yuri; Nakagawa, Noriko; Wakamatsu, Taisuke; Kim, Kwang; Montelione, Gaetano Thomas; Hunt, John Francis; Kuramitsu, Seiki; Masui, Ryoji

    2013-08-19

    NanoRNase (Nrn) specifically degrades nucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate and the very short RNA, nanoRNA, during the final step of mRNA degradation. The crystal structure of Nrn in complex with a reaction product GMP was determined. The overall structure consists of two domains that are interconnected by a flexible loop and form a cleft. Two Mn²⁺ ions are coordinated by conserved residues in the DHH motif of the N-terminal domain. GMP binds near the DHHA1 motif region in the C-terminal domain. Our structure enables us to predict the substrate-bound form of Nrn as well as other DHH/DHHA1 phosphoesterase family proteins.

  16. Non-aqueous chemistry of uranyl complexes with tripodal ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burns, Carol J.; Clark, David L.; Duval, Paul B.; Scott, Brian L.

    2000-07-01

    The trans dioxo uranyl(VI) ion (UO22+) is remarkably stable with respect to the U=O bond, which dominates the stereochemistry of its coordination compounds in both aqueous and non-aqueous solutions. The linear O=U=O unit directs all other ligands to coordinate in an equatorial plane perpendicular to the O=U=O axis. In aqueous solution, uranyl coordination chemistry has been developed with a wide array of weak-field ligands that coordinate in the equatorial plane. In contrast, non-aqueous uranyl chemistry incorporating stronger donor ligands at equatorial sites has been less well developed. In this paper, the use of tripodal ligands with strong amide and alkoxide donors is employed, with an aim towards probing the electronic and steric effects of these cis-directing ligands on the structure and bonding of the trans dioxo unit.

  17. Exchange-donor renal transplantation.

    PubMed

    Huh, Kyu Ha; Kim, Hyun Jung; Jeon, Kyung Ock; Kiml, Beom Seok; Kim, Yu Seun; Park, Kill

    2009-01-01

    Exchange-donor programs may prevent the current loss of many suitable living donors. Both incompatible donor-recipient pairs--with ABO incompatibility or positive cross-matches--and compatible pairs who wish to locate more suitable donors should be encouraged to participate in exchange-donor programs. Advantages and limitations of exchange-donor programs must be carefully explained to prevent interfamilial conflict. Exchange-donor programs may relieve shortages of donor organs and offer good posttransplant outcomes. Therefore, this program should be widely implemented.

  18. Efficient stabilization of copper(III) in tetraaza pseudo-macrocyclic oxime-and-hydrazide ligands with adjustable cavity size.

    PubMed

    Fritsky, Igor O; Kozłowski, Henryk; Kanderal, Olga M; Haukka, Matti; Swiatek-Kozłowska, Jolanta; Gumienna-Kontecka, Elzbieta; Meyer, Franc

    2006-10-21

    Substitution of the amide donors in open-chain {2N(oxime), 2N(amide)} ligands by hydrazide donors gives new pseudo-macrocyclic copper complexes that show a significant decrease of the Cu(3+/2+) redox potentials in both mono- and polynuclear systems, thus demonstrating a pronounced capacity of such ligand systems to efficiently stabilize the trivalent copper.

  19. Interactions between Growth Factors and Integrins: Latent Forms of Transforming Growth Factor-β Are Ligands for the Integrin αvβ1

    PubMed Central

    Munger, John S.; Harpel, John G.; Giancotti, Filippo G.; Rifkin, Daniel B.

    1998-01-01

    The multipotential cytokine transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is secreted in a latent form. Latency results from the noncovalent association of TGF-β with its processed propeptide dimer, called the latency-associated peptide (LAP); the complex of the two proteins is termed the small latent complex. Disulfide bonding between LAP and latent TGF-β–binding protein (LTBP) produces the most common form of latent TGF-β, the large latent complex. The extracellular matrix (ECM) modulates the activity of TGF-β. LTBP and the LAP propeptides of TGF-β (isoforms 1 and 3), like many ECM proteins, contain the common integrin-binding sequence RGD. To increase our understanding of latent TGF-β function in the ECM, we determined whether latent TGF-β1 interacts with integrins. A549 cells adhered and spread on plastic coated with LAP, small latent complex, and large latent complex but not on LTBP-coated plastic. Adhesion was blocked by an RGD peptide, and cells were unable to attach to a mutant form of recombinant LAP lacking the RGD sequence. Adhesion was also blocked by mAbs to integrin subunits αv and β1. We purified LAP-binding integrins from extracts of A549 cells using LAP bound to Sepharose. αvβ1 eluted with EDTA. After purification in the presence of Mn2+, a small amount of αvβ5 was also detected. A549 cells migrated equally on fibronectin- and LAP-coated surfaces; migration on LAP was αvβ1 dependent. These results establish αvβ1 as a LAP-β1 receptor. Interactions between latent TGF-β and αvβ1 may localize latent TGF-β to the surface of specific cells and may allow the TGF-β1 gene product to initiate signals by both TGF-β receptor and integrin pathways. PMID:9725916

  20. [Five years of Fiom KID-DNA Databank: experiences in matching sperm donors and donor-conceived offspring].

    PubMed

    Postema, D; Maas, A J B M

    2016-01-01

    Before the introduction of the Dutch Human Fertilisation (Donor Information) Act (in Dutch: Wet Donorgegevens Kunstmatige Bevruchting) in 2004, approximately 40,000 donor-conceived offspring were born in the Netherlands. The majority is conceived by means of artificial insemination with anonymous donor sperm (in Dutch: kunstmatige inseminatie met anoniem donorzaad - KID). This means that they have little or no access to information about their genetic origins. Through the Fiom KID-DNA Databank, established in 2010 in association with the Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, it is possible for these donor-conceived offspring and donors to search for one another. DNA profiles are used to match donor-conceived offspring, donors and half-siblings. It is expected that the number of donor-related searches will increase. The experiences with matching and counselling of donor-conceived offspring and donors presented in this paper will help donor-conceived offspring and donors who start a search in the future. Moreover, they provide guidance for forming a meaningful relationship between those involved.

  1. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Deger, S; Giessing, M; Roigas, J; Wille, A H; Lein, M; Schönberger, B; Loening, S A

    2005-01-01

    Laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (LDN) has removed disincentives of potential donors and may bear the potential to increase kidney donation. Multiple modifications have been made to abbreviate the learning curve while at the same time guarantee the highest possible level of medical quality for donor and recipient. We reviewed the literature for the evolution of the different LDN techniques and their impact on donor, graft and operating surgeon, including the subtleties of different surgical accesses, vessel handling and organ extraction. We performed a literature search (PubMed, DIMDI, medline) to evaluate the development of the LDN techniques from 1995 to 2003. Today more than 200 centres worldwide perform LDN. Hand-assistance has led to a spread of LDN. Studies comparing open and hand-assisted LDN show a reduction of operating and warm ischaemia times for the hand-assisted LDN. Different surgical access sites (trans- or retroperitoneal), different vessel dissection approaches, donor organ delivery techniques, delivery sites and variations of hand-assistance techniques reflect the evolution of LDN. Proper techniques and their combination for the consecutive surgical steps minimize both warm ischaemia time and operating time while offering the donor a safe minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure. LDN has breathed new life into the moribund field of living kidney donation. Within a few years LDN could become the standard approach in living kidney donation. Surgeons working in this field must be trained thoroughly and well acquainted with the subtleties of the different LDN techniques and their respective advantages and disadvantages.

  2. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance

    PubMed Central

    Shao, Yuyan; Liu, Tianbiao; Li, Guosheng; Gu, Meng; Nie, Zimin; Engelhard, Mark; Xiao, Jie; Lv, Dongping; Wang, Chongmin; Zhang, Ji-Guang; Liu, Jun

    2013-01-01

    Magnesium battery is potentially a safe, cost-effective, and high energy density technology for large scale energy storage. However, the development of magnesium battery has been hindered by the limited performance and the lack of fundamental understandings of electrolytes. Here, we present a study in understanding coordination chemistry of Mg(BH4)2 in ethereal solvents. The O donor denticity, i.e. ligand strength of the ethereal solvents which act as ligands to form solvated Mg complexes, plays a significant role in enhancing coulombic efficiency of the corresponding solvated Mg complex electrolytes. A new electrolyte is developed based on Mg(BH4)2, diglyme and LiBH4. The preliminary electrochemical test results show that the new electrolyte demonstrates a close to 100% coulombic efficiency, no dendrite formation, and stable cycling performance for Mg plating/stripping and Mg insertion/de-insertion in a model cathode material Mo6S8 Chevrel phase. PMID:24185310

  3. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance

    DOE PAGES

    Shao, Yuyan; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Li, Guosheng; ...

    2013-11-04

    Magnesium battery is potentially a safe, cost-effective, and high energy density technology for large scale energy storage. However, the development of magnesium battery has been hindered by the limited performance and the lack of fundamental understandings of electrolytes. Here, we present a coordination chemistry study of Mg(BH4)2 in ethereal solvents. The O donor denticity, i.e. ligand strength of the ethereal solvents which act as ligands to form solvated Mg complexes, plays a significant role in enhancing coulombic efficiency of the corresponding solvated Mg complex electrolytes. A new and safer electrolyte is developed based on Mg(BH4)2, diglyme and optimized LiBH4 additive.more » The new electrolyte demonstrates 100% coulombic efficiency, no dendrite formation, and stable cycling performance with the cathode capacity retention of ~90% for 300 cycles in a prototype magnesium battery.« less

  4. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance

    SciTech Connect

    Shao, Yuyan; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Li, Guosheng; Gu, Meng; Nie, Zimin; Engelhard, Mark H.; Xiao, Jie; Lu, Dongping; Wang, Chong M.; Zhang, Jiguang; Liu, Jun

    2013-11-04

    Magnesium battery is potentially a safe, cost-effective, and high energy density technology for large scale energy storage. However, the development of magnesium battery has been hindered by the limited performance and the lack of fundamental understandings of electrolytes. Here, we present a coordination chemistry study of Mg(BH4)2 in ethereal solvents. The O donor denticity, i.e. ligand strength of the ethereal solvents which act as ligands to form solvated Mg complexes, plays a significant role in enhancing coulombic efficiency of the corresponding solvated Mg complex electrolytes. A new and safer electrolyte is developed based on Mg(BH4)2, diglyme and optimized LiBH4 additive. The new electrolyte demonstrates 100% coulombic efficiency, no dendrite formation, and stable cycling performance with the cathode capacity retention of ~90% for 300 cycles in a prototype magnesium battery.

  5. Systems of donor transfer.

    PubMed

    de Charro, F T; Akveld, H E; Hessing, D J

    1993-10-01

    The development of medical knowledge has resulted in a demand in society for donor organs, but the recruitment of donor organs for transplantation is difficult. This paper aims to provide some general insights into the complex interaction processes involved. A laissez-faire policy, in which market forces are relied on, is not acceptable from an ethical and legal point of view in most western European countries. Especially at the demand side of the exchange of donor organs, commercialism is to be opposed. We judge the use of commercial incentives at the supply side less unacceptable in theory but not feasible in western European countries. Since market forces are deemed unacceptable as instruments for coordinating demand and supply of donor organs, donor procurement has to be considered as a collective good, and therefore governments are faced with the responsibility of making sure that alternative interaction and distribution mechanisms function. The role of organ procurement agencies (OPAs) in societal interaction concerning postmortem organ donation is described using a two-dimensional conceptualisation scheme. Medical aspects of living organ donation are described. An international comparative description of legal systems to regulate living organ donation in western European countries completes this survey.

  6. Behavior of the potential antitumor V(IV)O complexes formed by flavonoid ligands. 2. Characterization of sulfonate derivatives of quercetin and morin, interaction with the bioligands of the plasma and preliminary biotransformation studies.

    PubMed

    Sanna, Daniele; Ugone, Valeria; Pisano, Luisa; Serra, Maria; Micera, Giovanni; Garribba, Eugenio

    2015-12-01

    The biotransformation in the plasma and red blood cells of two potential antitumor V(IV)O complexes formed by flavonoid ligands (quercetin or que and morin or mor) and their sulfonic derivatives (quercetin-5'-sulfonic acid or que(S) and morin-5'-sulfonic acid or mor(S)) was studied by spectroscopic (EPR, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance) and computational (DFT, Density Functional Theory) methods. Que and que(S) form with V(IV)O stable complexes, and in the systems with apo-transferrin (apo-hTf) and albumin (HSA) VO(que)2 and VO(que(S))2 remain unchanged. VO(mor)2 and VO(mor(S))2 undergo displacement reactions to give the partial formation of (VO)x(HSA) and (VO)(apo-hTf)/(VO)2(apo-hTf); moreover, mor(S) forms with apo-transferrin and albumin mixed species VO-mor(S)-apo-hTf and VO-mor(S)-HSA. In the systems with apo-hTf and HSA anisotropic EPR spectra at room temperature are detected in which the protein is not directly coordinated to V(IV)O(2+) ion. This is explained assuming that the bis-chelated complexes interact strongly with the proteins through a network of hydrogen bonds with the polar groups present on the protein surface. It is suggested that this "indirect" transport of V(IV)O species could be common to all the species containing ligands which can interact with the blood proteins. Uptake experiments by red blood cells were also carried out, using vanadium concentration of 5.0×10(-4)M and incubation time in the range 0-160min. VO(que)2/VO(que(S))2 and VO(mor)2/VO(mor(S))2 cross the erythrocytes membrane and in the cytosol VO(que)2/VO(que(S))2 do not transform, whereas VO(mor)2/VO(mor(S))2 give the partial formation of mixed species with hemoglobin (Hb) and other V(IV)O complexes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Oocyte donors' comprehension as assessed by the EDICT (Egg Donor Informed Consent Tool).

    PubMed

    Skillern, Amanda A; Cedars, Marcelle I; Huddleston, Heather G

    2014-01-01

    To assess oocyte donors' comprehension of the process and potential risks of oocyte donation using the EDICT (Egg Donor Informed Consent Tool). Prospective cohort study. University-based, tertiary reproductive health practice. Prospective oocyte donors. Donors (N = 65) participated in an audiovisual informational session, and met with a reproductive endocrinologist individually. Donors then completed the Subjective EDICT and Objective EDICT. We report scores on Subjective and Objective EDICT, scores stratified for demographic variables, relationship between Subjective and Objective EDICT scores, and the effect of counseling on scores. In general, our cohort of oocyte donors performed well on both objective and subjective portions of the EDICT. We verified the effect of counseling on EDICT scores by comparing before and after counseling scores and demonstrating significant gains. There was no significant correlation between Subjective and Objective EDICT scores. For the first time, we report oocyte donors' comprehension of oocyte donation as assessed by the EDICT. Reassuringly, we demonstrate that oocyte donors have adequate subjective and objective comprehension of the process and risks associated with oocyte donation. We also demonstrate that oocyte donor comprehension is significantly impacted by physician counseling efforts. In addition, scores on perceived understanding (Subjective EDICT) did not predict scores on performance-based comprehension (Objective EDICT). The lack of correlation between the two scores further underscores the utility of a performance-based tool, as relying on a donor's self-report (e.g., simply signing a consent form to indicate understanding) may not reflect her actual understanding. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Lead(II) Complexes of Amino Acids, Peptides, and Other Related Ligands of Biological Interest.

    PubMed

    Farkas, Etelka; Buglyó, Péter

    2017-04-10

    Lead(II) forms (NH2,COO-)-chelated mono- and bis-complexes with simple amino acids, while mono-complexes with pH-dependent coordination modes exist with simple dipeptides. These mostly hemidirected complexes have moderate stability. While a weak interaction of side chain imidazole and carboxylate in lead(II)-aminoacidato complexes is found, the thiolate group has an exceptionally high affinity to this metal ion. For example, tridentate (NH2,COO-,S-)-coordination of penicillamine (Pen) and cysteine (Cys) results in an extremely strong interaction with lead(II), but, owing to the sterical effect of the 6s2 pair, a second ligand is not able to coordinate in the above mentioned tridentate way. Although there is no example for a lead(II)-induced deprotonation and coordination of a peptide-amide and the side-chain thiolate in oligopeptides has a somewhat lower basicity compared to that of Pen or Cys, still the Cys-containing peptides interact rather strongly with lead(II). Interestingly, the position of Cys in the peptide influences significantly both the lead-binding ability via different bonding modes and the selectivity for lead(II) against other metal ions, like zinc(II) or cadmium(II). At high ligand excess, however, coordination of three sulfur donors to lead(II) is found with thiolate-containing amino acids and oligopeptides. High basicity oxygens of hydroxamates, hydroxypyronates, and hydroxypyridinonates are also effective lead-binding donors. Some factors affecting the complexation of these ligands with lead(II) are: (i) A larger extent of delocalization along the ring in hydroxypyridinonate results in a more favored metal-binding ability over hydroxypyronate. (ii) Even monohydroxamates are good ligands and form mono- and bis-complexes with lead(II). (iii) In general, dihydroxamates and trihydroxamate-based siderophores, like desferrioxamine B (DFB) and desferricoprogen (DFC), are better binding agents for Pb(II) than the monohydroxamates, but the length and

  9. Molecular recognition of agonist ligands by RXRs.

    PubMed

    Egea, Pascal F; Mitschler, André; Moras, Dino

    2002-05-01

    The nuclear receptor RXR is an obligate partner in many signal transduction pathways. We report the high-resolution structures of two complexes of the human RXRalpha ligand-binding domain specifically bound to two different and chemically unrelated agonist compounds: docosa hexaenoic acid, a natural derivative of eicosanoic acid, present in mammalian cells and recently identified as a potential endogenous RXR ligand in the mouse brain, and the synthetic ligand BMS 649. In both structures the RXR-ligand-binding domain forms homodimers and exhibits the active conformation previously observed with 9-cis-RA. Analysis of the differences in ligand-protein contacts (predominantly van der Waals forces) and binding cavity geometries and volumes for the several agonist-bound RXR structures clarifies the structural features important for ligand recognition. The L-shaped ligand-binding pocket adapts to the diverse ligands, especially at the level of residue N306, which might thus constitute a new target for drug-design. Despite its highest affinity 9-cis-RA displays the lowest number of ligand-protein contacts. These structural results support the idea that docosa hexaenoic acid and related fatty acids could be natural agonists of RXRs and question the real nature of the endogenous ligand(s) in mammalian cells.

  10. National Marrow Donor Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-04

    7 IIB.3 Hypothesis 3 – Algorithm to Predict Best Donor IIB.3.1 Aim 1 – Phase I of EM Haplotype Logic No Activity 7 IIB.3.2 Aim 2 – Enhancement...Recipient Pair Project Open 9 IIC.2 Hypothesis 1 – Role of Other Loci and GVHD IIC.2.1 Aim 1 – Analysis of Non-HLA Loci Open 10 IIC.2.2 Aim 2 – Related...and haplotype frequencies and on the nuances of HLA typing can be used to design computer algorithms to predict the best matched donor. IIB.3.1 Aim

  11. National Marrow Donor Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-14

    Task 4 – Genotype Lists & Matching Algorithm Open 9 IIB.3 Objective 3 – Algorithm to Predict Best Donor IIB.3 Task 1 – Incorporate Frequencies into...of HLA Mismatches IIC.1 Task 1 – Donor Recipient Pair Project Open 12 IIC.2 Objective 1 – Role of Other Loci and GVHD IIC.2 Task 1 – Analysis...3: Registry data on HLA allele and haplotype frequencies and on the nuances of HLA typing can be used to design computer algorithms to predict the

  12. National Marrow Donor Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-14

    Closed 12 IIB.2 Aim 4 – Genotype Lists & Matching Algorithm No Activity 12 IIB.3 Hypothesis 3 – Algorithm to Predict Best Donor IIB.3 Aim 1 – Phase I...Mismatches IIC.1 Aim 1 – Donor Recipient Pair Project Open 15 IIC.2 Hypothesis 1 – Role of Other Loci and GVHD IIC.2 Aim 1 – Analysis of Non-HLA...potential to type as DRB1*1506 and those where one or both haplotypes could not be predicted were retained for further typing (N=221). National

  13. Influence of nitrogen-containing chelating ligands on the structures of zinc(II) 4,4'-ethylenedibenzoates.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiu-Yan; Wang, Jia-Jun; Ng, Seik Weng

    2008-12-01

    The Zn(II) compounds, micro-4,4'-ethylenedibenzoato-bis[acetatoaqua(dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine)zinc(II)] dihydrate, [Zn(2)(C(2)H(3)O(2))(2)(C(16)H(10)O(4))(C(18)H(10)N(4))(2)(H(2)O)(2)] x 2H(2)O, (I), and catena-poly[[[aqua(pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10]phenanthroline)zinc(II)]-micro-4,4'-ethylenedibenzoato] N,N-dimethylformamide hemisolvate], {[Zn(C(16)H(10)O(4))(C(14)H(8)N(4))(H(2)O)] x 0.5C(3)H(7)NO}(n), (II), display very different structures because of the influence of the N-donor chelating ligands. In (I), the coordination geometry of each Zn(II) centre is distorted octahedral, involving two N atoms from one dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (L1) ligand, and four O atoms from one bis-chelating acetate anion, one bridging 4,4'-ethylenedibenzoate (bpea) ligand and one water molecule. Adjacent Zn(II) atoms are bridged by one bpea ligand to form a dinuclear complex, and the dinuclear species is centrosymmetric. Two types of pi-pi interactions between neighbouring dinuclear species have been found: one is between the L1 ligands, and the second is between the L1 and bpea ligands. In this way, an interesting two-dimensional supramolecular layer is formed. The layers are further linked by O-H...O and O-H...N hydrogen bonds, generating a three-dimensional supramolecular network. In (II), each Zn(II) atom is square-pyramidally coordinated by two N atoms from one pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10]phenanthroline ligand, three O atoms from two different bpea ligands and one water molecule. The two bpea dianions are situated across inversion centres. The bpea dianions bridge neighbouring Zn(II) centres, giving a one-dimensional chain structure in the ab plane. As in (I), two types of pi-pi interactions between neighbouring chains complete a three-dimensional supramolecular structure. The results indicate that the structures of the N-donor chelating ligands are the dominant factors determining the final supramolecular structures of the two compounds.

  14. Hydroperoxides as Hydrogen Bond Donors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Møller, Kristian H.; Tram, Camilla M.; Hansen, Anne S.; Kjaergaard, Henrik G.

    2016-06-01

    Hydroperoxides are formed in the atmosphere following autooxidation of a wide variety of volatile organics emitted from both natural and anthropogenic sources. This raises the question of whether they can form hydrogen bonds that facilitate aerosol formation and growth. Using a combination of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, FT-IR, and ab initio calculations, we have compared the gas phase hydrogen bonding ability of tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBuOOH) to that of tert-butanol (tBuOH) for a series of bimolecular complexes with different acceptors. The hydrogen bond acceptor atoms studied are nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and sulphur. Both in terms of calculated redshifts and binding energies (BE), our results suggest that hydroperoxides are better hydrogen bond donors than the corresponding alcohols. In terms of hydrogen bond acceptor ability, we find that nitrogen is a significantly better acceptor than the other three atoms, which are of similar strength. We observe a similar trend in hydrogen bond acceptor ability with other hydrogen bond donors including methanol and dimethylamine.

  15. Isolation of Uranyl Dicyanamide Complexes from N-Donor Ionic Liquids.

    PubMed

    Kelley, Steven P; Rogers, Robin D

    2015-11-02

    An ionic liquid (IL) approach for soft-donor f-element chemistry has been demonstrated by the isolation of several new uranyl dicyanamide complexes through reactions of UO2(NO3)2·6H2O with dicyanamide ([N(CN)2](-))-containing ILs. The [N(CN)2](-) ions are able to rapidly substitute uranium's O-donor ligands, as evidenced by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies on two anhydrous adducts of UO2(NO3)2 with [N(CN)2](-) ILs as well as by IR and NMR spectroscopic studies on solutions of UO2(NO3)2 in these ILs. By contrast, the slow reaction of UO2(OAc)2·2H2O with a nitrile-functionalized imidazolium dicyanamide IL in solvent and the reaction of UO2(NO3)2·6H2O with NaN(CN)2 at elevated temperature resulted in irreversible hydrolysis. The reaction of UO2SO4 with [N(CN)2](-) ions in an acidified aqueous solution resulted in the crystallization of a [UO2](2+) complex with biuret, a N(CN)2](-) hydrolysis product. [N(CN)2](-) ions in the form of ILs react rapidly with [UO2](2+) at room temperature, allowing ligand substitution with [N(CN)2](-) to out-compete the slower hydrolysis reaction, enabling the isolation of uranyl dicyanamide complexes and challenging assumptions regarding the affinity of uranium for O-donors.

  16. Activation of the manganese(I) tricarbonyl core by selective variation of bidentate ligands (L,L'-Bid = N,N' and N,O donor atom sets) in fac-[Mn(CO)3(L,L'-Bid)(CH3OH)](n) complexes.

    PubMed

    Twala, T N; Schutte-Smith, M; Roodt, A; Visser, H G

    2015-02-21

    A range of fac-[Mn(CO)3(L,L'-Bid)(H2O)](n) (L,L'-Bid = neutral or monoanionic bidentate ligands with varied L,L' donor atoms, N,N' and N,O, 1,10-phenanthroline, 2,2'-bipyridine, 2-picolinate, 2,4-quinolinate; n = 0, +1) has been synthesized and the methanol substitution has been investigated for the first time. The complexes were characterized by UV/vis, IR and NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallographic studies of the compounds fac-[Mn(CO)3(Bipy)(H2O)][CF3SO3] () and fac-[Mn(CO)3(Phen)(H2O)][CF3SO3] () are reported. A two order-of-magnitude of activation for the methanol substitution is induced as manifested by the second order rate constants with (N,N'-Bid) < (N,O-Bid). Forward and reverse rate and stability constants from slow and stopped-flow UV/vis measurements (k1, M(-1) s(-1); k-1, s(-1); K1, M(-1)) for pyridine as entering nucleophile are as follows: fac-[Mn(CO)3(Phen)(CH3OH)](+) (2.39 ± 5) × 10(-3), (1.5 ± 0.3) × 10(-5), 159 ± 32; fac-[Mn(CO)3(2,4-QuinH)(CH3OH)] (4.5 ± 0.2), (4 ± 1) × 10(-2), 113 ± 29. Activation parameters (ΔH, kJ mol(-1); ΔS, J K(-1) mol(-1)) from Eyring plots for entering nucleophiles as indicated are as follows: fac-[Mn(CO)3(Phen)(CH3OH)](+) (bromide ions) 66.7 ± 0.6, -27 ± 2; (pyridine) 80 ± 3, -25 ± 11; fac-[Mn(CO)3(Pico)(CH3OH)] (bromide ions) 68 ± 2, -24 ± 5. A dissociative interchange mechanism is proposed.

  17. National Marrow Donor Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-29

    This task is closed. IID.1 Task 3: Expand Immuno- biology Research Period 1 Activity: • No activity this quarter. National Marrow Donor Program...Development Authority IT Information Technology BBMT Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplant IRB Institutional Review Board BCP Business...Stem Cell Transplantation CREG Cross Reactive Groups OCR /ICR Optical Character Recognition/Intelligent Character Recognition CSS Center Support

  18. Living Donor Liver Transplantation

    MedlinePlus

    ... instructions before and after surgery. • Have a compatible blood type. • Have an emotional tie with the recipient. • Not ... test is to find out if the donor's blood type matches the recipient’s blood type. Next, the transplant ...

  19. Dialing for Donors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaffhauser, Dian

    2012-01-01

    When times get tough, grown children often turn to their parents for help--for some extra cash, even somewhere to stay. For colleges and universities, that role is filled by alumni donors. In 2011, with education budgets slashed across the country, giving accounted for 6.5 percent of college expenditures, according to the Council for Aid to…

  20. Dialing for Donors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaffhauser, Dian

    2012-01-01

    When times get tough, grown children often turn to their parents for help--for some extra cash, even somewhere to stay. For colleges and universities, that role is filled by alumni donors. In 2011, with education budgets slashed across the country, giving accounted for 6.5 percent of college expenditures, according to the Council for Aid to…

  1. Understanding Philanthropic Motivations of Northeast State Community College Donors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Heather J.

    2012-01-01

    At Northeast State Community College (NeSCC) nearly 70% of students need some form of financial aid to attend. State support is flattening or decreasing and the gap is filled by private donors' support (Northeast State Community College, 2011). Hundreds of donors have made significant contributions to aid in the education of those in the Northeast…

  2. Understanding Philanthropic Motivations of Northeast State Community College Donors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Heather J.

    2012-01-01

    At Northeast State Community College (NeSCC) nearly 70% of students need some form of financial aid to attend. State support is flattening or decreasing and the gap is filled by private donors' support (Northeast State Community College, 2011). Hundreds of donors have made significant contributions to aid in the education of those in the Northeast…

  3. Drawing Mononuclear Octahedral Coordination Compounds Containing Tridentate Chelating Ligands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohamadou, Aminou; Ple, Karen; Haudrechy, Arnaud

    2011-01-01

    Complexes with tridentate ligands of the type [M(A-B-C)2], where A [not equal to] B [not equal to] C and with an imposed bonding sequence A-B-C, require special attention to draw all possible stereoisomers. Depending on the nature of the central donor atom B of the tridentate ligand, an easy drawing method is presented that shows seven chiral…

  4. Drawing Mononuclear Octahedral Coordination Compounds Containing Tridentate Chelating Ligands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohamadou, Aminou; Ple, Karen; Haudrechy, Arnaud

    2011-01-01

    Complexes with tridentate ligands of the type [M(A-B-C)2], where A [not equal to] B [not equal to] C and with an imposed bonding sequence A-B-C, require special attention to draw all possible stereoisomers. Depending on the nature of the central donor atom B of the tridentate ligand, an easy drawing method is presented that shows seven chiral…

  5. Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Evaluation of Transition Metal Complexes Derived from N, S Bidentate Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Md Yusof, Enis Nadia; Ravoof, Thahira Begum S. A.; Tiekink, Edward R. T.; Veerakumarasivam, Abhimanyu; Crouse, Karen Anne; Mohamed Tahir, Mohamed Ibrahim; Ahmad, Haslina

    2015-01-01

    Two bidentate NS ligands were synthesized by the condensation reaction of S-2-methylbenzyldithiocarbazate (S2MBDTC) with 2-methoxybenzaldehyde (2MB) and 3-methoxybenzaldehyde (3MB). The ligands were reacted separately with acetates of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) yielding 1:2 (metal:ligand) complexes. The metal complexes formed were expected to have a general formula of [M(NS)2] where M = Cu2+, Ni2+, and Zn2+. These compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, magnetic susceptibility and various spectroscopic techniques. The magnetic susceptibility measurements and spectral results supported the predicted coordination geometry in which the Schiff bases behaved as bidentate NS donor ligands coordinating via the azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulfur. The molecular structures of the isomeric S2M2MBH (1) and S2M3MBH (2) were established by X-ray crystallography to have very similar l-shaped structures. The Schiff bases and their metal complexes were evaluated for their biological activities against estrogen receptor-positive (MCF-7) and estrogen receptor-negative (MDA-MB-231) breast cancer cell lines. Only the Cu(II) complexes showed marked cytotoxicity against the cancer cell lines. Both Schiff bases and other metal complexes were found to be inactive. In concordance with the cytotoxicity studies, the DNA binding studies indicated that Cu(II) complexes have a strong DNA binding affinity. PMID:25988384

  6. Syntheses and structural characterization of mercury (II) coordination polymers with neutral bidentate flexible pyrazole-based ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lalegani, Arash; Khaledi Sardashti, Mohammad; Salavati, Hossein; Asadi, Amin; Gajda, Roman; Woźniak, Krzysztof

    2016-03-01

    Mercury(II) coordination compounds [Hg(μ-bbd)(μ-SCN)4]n(1) and [Hg(bpp)(SCN)2] (2) were synthesized by using the neutral flexible bidentate N-donor ligands 1,4-bis(3,5-dimethypyrazol-1-yl)butane (bbd) and 1,3-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)propane (bpp), NCS- ligand and appropriate mercury(II) salts. Compound 1 forms a polymeric network with moieties which are connected by SCN groups and the mercury ions present as HgN3S2 trigonal bipyramides. The crystal structure of 2 is build of monomers and the mercury(II) ion adopts an HgN2S2 tetrahedral geometry. In the complex 1, each bbd acts as bridging ligand connecting Hg(μ-SCN)4 ions, while in the complex 2, the bpp ligand is coordinated to an mercury(II) ion in a cyclic-bidentate fashion forming an eight-membered metallocyclic ring. Moreover, in the tetrahedral structure of 2, the neutral molecules form a 1D chain structure through the C-H···N hydrogen bonds, whereas in 1 no hydrogen bonds are observed. Coordination compounds 1 and 2 have been characterized by infrared spectroscopy, elemental analyses and single-crystal X-ray diffraction.

  7. [Pd4(μ3-SbMe3)4(SbMe3)4]: A Pd(0) Tetrahedron with μ3-Bridging Trimethylantimony Ligands.

    PubMed

    Benjamin, Sophie L; Krämer, Tobias; Levason, William; Light, Mark E; Macgregor, Stuart A; Reid, Gillian

    2016-06-08

    The palladium(II) chlorostibine complex [PdCl2(SbMe2Cl)2]2 has a dimeric structure in the solid state, stabilized by hyper-coordination at the Lewis amphoteric Sb centers. Reaction with 8 equiv of MeLi forms [Pd4(μ3-SbMe3)4(SbMe3)4], whose structure comprises a tetrahedral Pd(0) core with four terminal SbMe3 ligands and four μ3-SbMe3 ligands, one capping each triangular Pd3 face. Density functional theory calculations, supported by energy decomposition analysis and the natural orbitals for chemical valence scheme, highlight significant donor and acceptor orbital contributions to the bonding between both the terminal and the bridging SbMe3 ligands and the Pd4 core.

  8. Two new coordination polymers with flexible alicyclic carboxylate and bipyridyl co-ligands bearing trinuclear [Ni3(COO)6] SBUs: Synthesis, crystal structures, and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Xian-Dong; Li, Yong; Gao, Jian-Gang; Wang, Fen-Hua; Li, Qing-Hai; Yang, Hong-Xun; Chen, Lei

    2017-02-01

    Two new coordination polymers generally formulated as [Ni3(Hchda)2(chda)2(bpy)2(H2O)2]n (1) and [Ni3(Hchda)2(chda)2(bpp)2(H2O)2]n (2) [H2chda = 1,1'-cyclohexanediacetic acid, bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine and bpp = 1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane], have been successfully assembled through mixed-ligands synthetic strategy with flexible alicyclic carboxylate and bipyridyl ligands. There structures feature trinuclear nickel secondary building units connected via the bridging bipyridyl spacers to form two-dimensional (4,4) grid layer. The nature of the different N-donor auxiliary ligands leads to the discrepancy in supramolecular structure of the two compounds. Magnetic studies indicate the ferromagnetic intra-complex magnetic interaction in the molecule for 1 and 2.

  9. Oligo-nuclear silver thiocyanate complexes with monodentate tertiary phosphine ligands, including novel 'cubane' and 'step' tetramer forms of AgSCN : PR3 (1:1)4.

    PubMed

    Bowmaker, Graham A; Di Nicola, Corrado; Effendy; Hanna, John V; Healy, Peter C; King, Scott P; Marchetti, Fabio; Pettinari, Claudio; Robinson, Ward T; Skelton, Brian W; Sobolev, Alexandre N; Tăbăcaru, Aurel; White, Allan H

    2013-01-07

    Adducts of a number of tertiary pnicogen ligands ER(3) (triphenyl-phosphine and -arsine (PPh(3),AsPh(3)), diphenyl,2-pyridylphosphine (PPh(2)py), tris(4-fluorophenyl)phosphine (P(C(6)H(4)-4F)(3)), tris(2-tolyl)phosphine (P(o-tol)(3)), tris(cyclohexyl)phosphine (PCy(3))), with silver(I) thiocyanate, AgSCN are structurally and spectroscopically characterized. The 1:3 AgSCN : ER(3) complexes structurally defined (for PPh(3),AsPh(3) (diversely solvated)) take the form [(R(3)E)(3)AgX], the thiocyanate X = NCS being N-bound, thus [(Ph(3)E)Ag(NCS)]. A 1:2 complex with PPh(2)py, takes the binuclear form [(pyPh(2)P)(2)Ag()Ag(PPh(2)py)(2)] with an eight-membered cyclic core. 1:1 complexes are defined with PPh(2)py, P(o-tol)(3) and PCy(3); binuclear forms [(R(3)P)Ag()Ag(PR(3))] are obtained with P(o-tol)(3) (two polymorphs), while novel isomeric tetranuclear forms, which may be envisaged as dimers of dimers, are obtained with PPh(2)py, and, as further polymorphs, with PCy(3); these latter may be considered as extensions of the 'cubane' and 'step' forms previously described for [(R(3)E)AgX](4) (X = halide) complexes. Solvent-assisted mechanochemical or solvent-assisted solid-state synthesis methods were employed in some cases, where complexes could not be obtained by conventional solution methods, or where such methods yielded a mixture of polymorphs unsuitable for solid-state spectroscopy. The wavenumbers of the ν(CN) bands in the IR spectra are in broad agreement with the empirical rule that distinguishes bridging from terminal bonding, but exceptions occur for compounds that have a double SCN bridged dimeric structure, and replacement of PPh(3) with PPh(2)py apparently causes a significant decrease in ν(CN) to well below the range expected for bridging SCN in these structures. (31)P CP MAS NMR spectra yield additional parameters that allow a correlation between the structures and spectra.

  10. Stable form of galectin-9, a Tim-3 ligand, inhibits contact hypersensitivity and psoriatic reactions: a potent therapeutic tool for Th1- and/or Th17-mediated skin inflammation.

    PubMed

    Niwa, Haruna; Satoh, Takahiro; Matsushima, Yuki; Hosoya, Kazuki; Saeki, Kazumi; Niki, Toshiro; Hirashima, Mitsuomi; Yokozeki, Hiroo

    2009-08-01

    Tim-3 is a cell surface molecule preferentially expressed in Th1 and Th17 cells. Galectin-9 is a ligand for Tim-3 and the binding of galectin-9 to Tim-3 induces apoptosis. We recently developed a stable form of galectin-9 (sGal-9) by partial deletion of the linker peptide. In this study, we characterized the therapeutic effects of sGal-9 on inflammatory reactions in contact hypersensitivity and IL-23-induced psoriatic mouse models. In contact hypersensitivity in mice, the ear swelling response was suppressed by sGal-9. In vitro treatment with sGal-9 resulted in cell apoptosis of CD4, CD8, and hepatic NK cells. sGal-9-treated mice had decreased IFN-gamma- and IL-17-producing T cells. Similarly, sGal-9 reduced epidermal thickness and dermal cellular infiltrate levels in IL-23-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation. This was accompanied by decreased skin lesion levels of IL-17 and IL-22. sGal-9 may be a unique and useful therapeutic tool for the treatment of Th1- and/or Th17-mediated skin inflammation.

  11. Transition metal complexes of the novel hexadentate ligand 1,4-bis(di(N-methylimidazol-2-yl)methyl)phthalazine.

    PubMed

    Roggan, Stefan; Limberg, Christian; Knispel, Christina; Tilley, T Don

    2011-04-28

    The novel polydentate ligand 1,4-bis(di(N-methylimidazol-2-yl)methyl)phthalazine, bimptz, has been synthesized and its coordination chemistry was investigated. Bimptz is neutral and contains a central phthalazine unit, to which two di-(N-methylimidazol-2-yl)methyl groups are attached in the 1,4-positions. This ligand therefore provides up to 6 donor sites for coordination to metal ions. A series of metal complexes of bimptz was prepared and their molecular structures were determined by X-ray diffraction. Upon reaction of bimptz with two equivalents of MnCl(2)·4H(2)O, CoCl(2)·6H(2)O and [Ru(dmso)(4)Cl(2)], the dinuclear complexes [Mn(2)(bimptz)(µ-Cl)(2)Cl(2)] (1), [Co(2)(bimptz)(CH(3)OH)(2)(µ-Cl)(2)](PF(6))(2) (3) and [Ru(2)(bimptz)(dmso)(2)(µ-Cl)(2)](PF(6))(2) (4), respectively, were isolated. The latter were found to have similar solid state structures with octahedrally coordinated metal centers bridged by the phthalazine unit and two chloro ligands. The cobalt and ruthenium complexes 3 and 4 were isolated as PF(6)(-) salts and contain neutral methanol and dmso ligands, respectively, at the terminal coordination sites of the metal centres. The mononuclear ruthenium complex [Ru(Hbimptz)(2)](PF(6))(4) (6) was obtained from the reaction of two equivalents bimptz with [Ru(dmso)(4)Cl(2)]. In complex 6, three donor sites per ligand molecule are used for coordination of the Ru(ii) center. In each bimptz ligand, one of the remaining, dangling N-methylimidazole rings is protonated and forms a hydrogen bond with the unprotonated N-methylimidazole ring of the other bimptz ligand.

  12. Crystal structure of a mixed-ligand dinuclear Ba-Zn complex with 2-meth-oxy-ethanol having tri-phenyl-acetate and chloride bridges.

    PubMed

    Utko, Józef; Sobocińska, Maria; Dobrzyńska, Danuta; Lis, Tadeusz

    2015-07-01

    The dinuclear barium-zinc complex, μ-chlorido-1:2κ(2) Cl:Cl-chlorido-2κCl-bis-(2-meth-oxy-ethanol-1κO)bis-(2-meth-oxy-ethanol-1κ(2) O,O')bis-(μ-tri-phenyl-acetato-1:2κ(2) O:O')bariumzinc, [BaZn(C20H15O2)2Cl2(C3H8O2)4], has been synthesized by the reaction of barium tri-phenyl-acetate, anhydrous zinc chloride and 2-meth-oxy-ethanol in the presence of toluene. The barium and zinc metal cations in the dinuclear complex are linked via one chloride anion and carboxyl-ate O atoms of the tri-phenyl-acetate ligands, giving a Ba⋯Zn separation of 3.9335 (11) Å. The irregular nine-coordinate BaO8Cl coordination centres comprise eight O-atom donors, six of them from 2-meth-oxy-ethanol ligands (four from two bidentate O,O'-chelate inter-actions and two from monodentate inter-actions), two from bridging tri-phenyl-acetate ligands and one from a bridging Cl donor. The distorted tetra-hedral coordination sphere of zinc comprises two O-atom donors from the tri-phenyl-acetate ligands and two Cl donors (one bridging and one terminal). In the crystal, O-H⋯Cl, O-H⋯O and C-H⋯Cl inter-molecular inter-actions form a layered structure, lying parallel to (001).

  13. Canonical and non-canonical Notch ligands

    PubMed Central

    D’SOUZA, BRENDAN; MELOTY-KAPELLA, LAURENCE; WEINMASTER, GERRY

    2015-01-01

    Notch signaling induced by canonical Notch ligands is critical for normal embryonic development and tissue homeostasis through the regulation of a variety of cell fate decisions and cellular processes. Activation of Notch signaling is normally tightly controlled by direct interactions with ligand-expressing cells and dysregulated Notch signaling is associated with developmental abnormalities and cancer. While canonical Notch ligands are responsible for the majority of Notch signaling, a diverse group of structurally unrelated non-canonical ligands has also been identified that activate Notch and likely contribute to the pleiotropic effects of Notch signaling. Soluble forms of both canonical and non-canonical ligands have been isolated, some of which block Notch signaling and could serve as natural inhibitors of this pathway. Ligand activity can also be indirectly regulated by other signaling pathways at the level of ligand expression, serving to spatio-temporally compartmentalize Notch signaling activity and integrate Notch signaling into a molecular network that orchestrates developmental events. Here, we review the molecular mechanisms underlying the dual role of Notch ligands as activators and inhibitors of Notch signaling. Additionally, evidence that Notch ligands function independent of Notch are presented. We also discuss how ligand post-translational modification, endocytosis, proteolysis and spatio-temporal expression regulate their signaling activity. PMID:20816393

  14. Evaluation of living liver donors.

    PubMed

    Rudow, Dianne LaPointe; Brown, Robert S

    2003-06-01

    As a result of the cadaveric organ shortage, the number of centers performing living donor liver transplantation has increased. Living donor liver transplantation provides immediate organ availability and avoids the risk of life-threatening complications that occur with long waiting times for cadaveric organs; however, it puts a healthy person at risk for little personal gain. A standardized approach to donor evaluation ensures safety to potential donors. Careful medical (physical examination as well as laboratory and radiological evaluation) and psychological evaluation is imperative to reduce donor complications and ensure good outcomes in recipients. A social worker and psychiatrist assess for mental competency, provide emotional support, and can serve as independent donor advocates. Informed understanding and consent are crucial aspects of the evaluation and include ensuring that the donor understands all potential complications and is free of coercion. Safety of the donor must be the highest priority.

  15. Being a Living Donor: Risks

    MedlinePlus

    ... Living Donation / Being a Living Donor / Risks Facts History Organs Frequently Asked Questions Discussing Living Donation Types Related Non-Related Non-Directed Paired Donation Blood Type Incompatible Positive Crossmatch Being a Living Donor ...

  16. Selecting the best haploidentical donor.

    PubMed

    McCurdy, Shannon R; Fuchs, Ephraim J

    2016-10-01

    The substantial evidence of the safety of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical (haplo) blood or marrow transplantation (BMT) has led to its increasing utilization. When prioritizing HLA-matched grafts, patients frequently have few or no donors from whom to choose. However, a given patient may have multiple suitable haplo donors. Therefore factors other than HLA-match become critical for selecting the best donor. We recommend a donor selection algorithm based on the donor-specific antibodies, ABO match, donor age, donor sex, and cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus match. Despite provocative initial evidence, further studies are warranted to determine whether there is any benefit to selecting a haplo donor based on the number of HLA-mismatches, natural killer cell alloreactivity, or the presence of non-inherited maternal HLA antigens. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Solution thermodynamic stability of complexes formed with the octadentate hydroxypyridinonate ligand 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO): A critical feature for efficient chelation of lanthanide(IV) and actinide(IV) ions

    PubMed Central

    Deblonde, Gauthier J-P.; Sturzbecher-Hoehne, Manuel; Abergel, Rebecca J.

    2013-01-01

    The solution thermodynamics of water soluble complexes formed between Ce(III), Ce(IV), Th(IV) and the octadentate chelating agent 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) were investigated. Several techniques including spectrofluorimetric and automated spectrophotometric titrations were used to overcome the slow spontaneous oxidation of Ce(III) complexes yielding to stability constants of log β110 = 17.4 ± 0.5, log β11-1 = 8.3 ± 0.4 and log β111 = 21.2 ± 0.4 for [Ce(III)(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO))]−, [Ce(III)(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO)(OH)]2− and [Ce(III)(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO)H], respectively. Using the spectral properties of the hydroxypyridinonate chelator in ligand competition titrations against nitrilotriacetic acid, the stability constant log β110 = 41.5 ± 0.5 was determined for [Ce(IV)(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO))]. Finally, the extraordinarily stable complex [Ce(IV)(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO))] was used in Th(IV) competition titrations, resulting in a stability constant of log β110 = 40.1 ± 0.5 for [Th(IV)3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO))]. These experimental values are in excellent agreement with previous estimates, they are discussed with respect to the ionic radius and oxidation state of each cationic metal and allow predictions on the stability of other actinide complexes including [U(IV)(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO))], [Np(IV)(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO))] and [Pu(IV)(3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO))]. Comparisons with the standard ligand diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) provide a thermodynamic basis for the observed significantly higher efficacy of 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) as an in vivo actinide decorporation agent. PMID:23855806

  18. Geometric isomerism in pentacoordinate Cu2+ complexes: equilibrium, kinetic, and density functional theory studies reveal the existence of equilibrium between square pyramidal and trigonal bipyramidal forms for a tren-derived ligand.

    PubMed

    Algarra, Andrés G; Basallote, Manuel G; Castillo, Carmen E; Clares, M Paz; Ferrer, Armando; García-España, Enrique; Llinares, José M; Máñez, M Angeles; Soriano, Conxa

    2009-02-02

    A ligand (L1) (bis(aminoethyl)[2-(4-quinolylmethyl)aminoethyl]amine) containing a 4-quinolylmethyl group attached to one of the terminal amino groups of tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren) has been prepared, and its protonation constants and stability constants for the formation of Cu(2+) complexes have been determined. Kinetic studies on the formation of Cu(2+) complexes in slightly acidic solutions and on the acid-promoted complex decomposition strongly suggest that the Cu(2+)-L1 complex exists in solution as a mixture of two species, one of them showing a trigonal bipyramidal (tbp) coordination environment with an absorption maximum at 890 nm in the electronic spectrum, and the other one being square pyramidal (sp) with a maximum at 660 nm. In acidic solution only a species with tbp geometry is formed, whereas in neutral and basic solutions a mixture of species with tbp and sp geometries is formed. The results of density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicate that these results can be rationalized by invoking the existence of an equilibrium of hydrolysis of the Cu-N bond with the amino group supporting the quinoline ring so that CuL1(2+) would be actually a mixture of tbp [CuL1(H(2)O)](2+) and sp [CuL1(H(2)O)(2)](2+). As there are many Cu(2+)-polyamine complexes with electronic spectra that show two overlapping bands at wavelengths close to those observed for the Cu(2+)-L1 complex, the existence of this kind of equilibrium between species with two different geometries can be quite common in the chemistry of these compounds. A correlation found between the position of the absorption maximum and the tau parameter measuring the distortion from the idealized tbp and sp geometries can be used to estimate the actual geometry in solution of this kind of complex.

  19. Donor dominance cures CHILD nevus.

    PubMed

    König, Arne; Skrzypek, Jan; Löffler, Harald; Oeffner, Frank; Grzeschik, Karl-Heinz; Happle, Rudolf

    2010-01-01

    Congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform nevus and limb defects (MIM 308050, CHILD) syndrome is an X-linked dominant, male-lethal, multisystem birth defect. Patients suffer from an inflammatory nevus that covers large areas, predominantly of one side of the body, with a sharp midline demarcation. Treatment of CHILD nevus is notoriously difficult. The aim of this study was to develop a novel surgical approach for this disorder. In 2 patients, the CHILD nevus was dermabraded, and the area was covered with split skin grafts obtained from a contralateral unaffected donor region. In a third patient, papillomatous, strawberry-like lesions on fingers and toes were excised, and the defects were covered with full-thickness grafts obtained from the unaffected left, gluteal area. Highly satisfying functional and cosmetic results were documented during a follow-up period ranging from 3 to 8 years. The favorable outcome, superior to that obtained by simple dermabrasion or extensive plastic surgery, can best be explained by the donor dominance of the grafted skin samples that carried, in all or most cells, the mutant X chromosome in an inactivated form. Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  20. National Marrow Donor Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-05

    Information Report • Added additional tests: Chagas (screening) and Chagas (confirmatory), along with their results and test dates performed • Revisions...Disease Marker screen and Cord Information (Detailed and Summary) and Cord Lab Summary Reports o The Chagas EIA test text was changed to Chagas (screening...o The RIPA (confirmatory) test was changed to Chagas (confirmatory) National Marrow Donor Program® N000014-08-1-0058 QUARTER PROGRESS REPORT

  1. Complications of donor apheresis.

    PubMed

    Winters, Jeffrey L

    2006-07-01

    A decreasing blood donor pool in the presence of increasing blood transfusion demands has resulted in the need to maximally utilize each blood donor. This has led to a trend in the increasing use of automated blood collections. While apheresis donation shares many reactions and injuries with whole blood donation, because of the differences, unique complications also exist. Overall, evidence in the literature suggests that the frequency of reactions to apheresis donation is less than that seen in whole blood donation, though the risk of reactions requiring hospitalization is substantially greater. The most common apheresis-specific reaction is hypocalcemia due to citrate anticoagulation, which, while usually mild, has the potential for severely injuring the donor. Other reactions to apheresis donation are uncommon (e.g., hypotension) or rare (e.g., air embolism). More worrisome, and in need of additional study, are the long-term effects of apheresis donation. Recent evidence suggests that repeated apheresis platelet donations may adversely effect thrombopoiesis as well as bone mineralization. Granulocyte donation has also been implicated in unexpected long-term consequences.

  2. Bis[2,6-bis-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine]-deca-kis-(μ2-3-nitro-benzoato)bis-(3-nitro-benzoato)tetra-dysprosium(III): a linear tetra-nuclear dysprosium compound based on mixed N- and O-donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Hua, Rong; Wu, Xiao-Liu; Li, Jin-Ying

    2014-05-01

    The title compound, [Dy4(C7H4NO4)12(C11H9N5)2] or Dy4(L1)12(L2)2, where HL1 = 3-nitro-benzoic acid and HL2 = 2,6-bis-(1H-pyrazol-1-y1)pyridine, is a linear tetra-nuclear complex possessing inversion symmetry. The two central inversion-related Dy(III) atoms are seven-coordinate, DyO7, with a monocapped triangular-prismatic geometry. The outer two Dy(III) atoms are eight-coordinate, DyO5N3, with a bicapped triangular-prismatic geometry. The outer adjacent Dy(III) atoms are bridged by three L1(-) carboxyl-ate groups, while the inner inversion-related Dy(III) atoms are bridged by four L1(-) carboxyl-ate groups. The L2 ligands are terminally coordinated to the outer Dy(III) atoms in a tridentate manner. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked via C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming a two-dimensional network parallel to (001). Two carboxyl-ate O atoms, and N and O atoms of three nitro groups, are disordered over two positions, with a refined occupancy ratio of 0.552 (6):0.448 (6).

  3. Synthesis, Characterization, Antimicrobial, DNA Cleavage, and In Vitro Cytotoxic Studies of Some Metal Complexes of Schiff Base Ligand Derived from Thiazole and Quinoline Moiety

    PubMed Central

    Yernale, Nagesh Gunvanthrao; Bennikallu Hire Mathada, Mruthyunjayaswamy

    2014-01-01

    A novel Schiff base ligand N-(4-phenylthiazol-2yl)-2-((2-thiaxo-1,2-dihydroquinolin-3-yl)methylene)hydrazinecarboxamide (L) obtained by the condensation of N-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)hydrazinecarboxamide with 2-thioxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbaldehyde and its newly synthesized Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II) complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis and various spectral studies like FT-IR, 1H NMR, ESI mass, UV-Visible, ESR, TGA/DTA, and powder X-ray diffraction studies. The Schiff base ligand (L) behaves as tridentate ONS donor and forms the complexes of type [ML(Cl)2] with square pyramidal geometry. The Schiff base ligand (L) and its metal complexes have been screened in vitro for their antibacterial and antifungal activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. The DNA cleavage activity of ligand and its metal complexes were studied using plasmid DNA pBR322 as a target molecule by gel electrophoresis method. The brine shrimp bioassay was also carried out to study the in vitro cytotoxicity properties for the ligand and its metal complexes against Artemia salina. The results showed that the biological activities of the ligand were found to be increased on complexation. PMID:24729778

  4. Blood Donor Management in China

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Ling; Wang, Jingxing; Liu, Zhong; Stevens, Lori; Sadler, Andrew; Ness, Paul; Shan, Hua

    2014-01-01

    Summary Despite a steady increase in total blood collections and voluntary non-remunerated blood donors, China continues to have many challenges with its blood donation system. The country's donation rate remains low at 9%o, with over 60% of donors being first-time donors. Generally there is a lack of adequate public awareness about blood donation. The conservative donor selection criteria, the relatively long donation interval, and the small donation volume have further limited blood supply. To ensure a sufficient and safe blood supply that meets the increasing clinical need for blood products, there is an urgent need to strengthen the country's blood donor management. This comprehensive effort should include educating and motivating more individuals especially from the rural areas to be involved in blood donation, developing rational and evidence-based selection criteria for donor eligibility, designing a donor follow-up mechanism to encourage more future donations, assessing the current donor testing strategy, improving donor service and care, building regional and national shared donor deferral database, and enhancing the transparency of the blood donation system to gain more trust from the general public. The purpose of the review is to provide an overview of the key process of and challenges with the blood donor management system in China. PMID:25254023

  5. Emotional support to apheresis donors: effect and implication.

    PubMed

    Pagliariccio, Antonella; Vavic, Nataša; Bulajić, Milica; Marinozzi, Maria

    2013-06-01

    It is widely accepted that well-being and satisfaction are unavoidably interlinked requirements that predispose donors to become regular. Detecting in advance even the mildest symptoms of discomfort during first donation, that may simply be the result of an unknown experience, is useful in preventing more disturbing symptoms (mens sana in corpore sano). Being able to recognize any form of uneasiness, even when not immediately apparent, creates in donors the awareness that staff is professionally skilled and really interested in their safety and comfort. This reinforces the staff/donor relationship and gives donors the chance to keep their calm and to learn how to manage disturbing emotions. Emotional support given to first-time platelet familiar donors during donation prevented or mitigated the onset of vaso-vagal symptoms and also freed positive emotions that reinforced the desire to donate. As a result, 62% of these donors, informed about the shortage of voluntary platelet donors, spontaneously gave their address contact to be called also for non-familiar recipients. The application of the psychological approach in Italy increased the rate of donor return to 97% and its partial application in Serbia was useful in converting familiar donors into voluntary ones.

  6. [Volunteer blood donors--relation between gender and motivation].

    PubMed

    Andjelić, D

    1991-01-01

    The study included 1,825 persons, aged from 18 to 65 years. A representative sample was formed of 1,325 persons who donated blood for the first time, and of 500 persons who donated blood five or more times till the moment of investigation. Among blood donors in the Republic of Serbia, regardless the number of blood donations, the percentage of female donors is significantly lower compared to the percentage of male blood donors. The first time donor population consisted of 22.26% of female and 77.74% of male blood donors. The multiple blood donor population was composed of 15.8% of female and 84.2% of male blood donors. Motives for blood donation were studied in 500 persons who donated blood five or more times. The following motives were recorded: a) altruism in 85% of multiple donors; b) the other motives (habit, superiority and/or inferiority complex, self-punishment and benefit) were recorded in 8% of them; c) in 7% of donors the primary motive for blood donation could not be determined.

  7. Synthesis, characterization, spectroscopic and theoretical studies of new zinc(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes based on imine ligand containing 2-aminothiophenol moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafaatian, Bita; Mousavi, S. Sedighe; Afshari, Sadegh

    2016-11-01

    New dimer complexes of zinc(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) were synthesized using the Schiff base ligand which was formed by the condensation of 2-aminothiophenol and 2-hydroxy-5-methyl benzaldehyde. This tridentate Schiff base ligand was coordinated to the metal ions through the NSO donor atoms. In order to prevent the oxidation of the thiole group during the formation of Schiff base and its complexes, all of the reactions were carried out under an inert atmosphere of argon. The X-ray structure of the Schiff base ligand showed that in the crystalline form the SH groups were oxidized to produce a disulfide Schiff base as a new double Schiff base ligand. The molar conductivity values of the complexes in dichloromethane implied the presence of non-electrolyte species. The fluorescence properties of the Schiff base ligand and its complexes were also studied in dichloromethane. The products were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis spectroscopies, elemental analysis, and conductometry. The crystal structure of the double Schiff base was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Furthermore, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory for the determination of the optimized structures of Schiff base complexes.

  8. Ligand-induced Epitope Masking

    PubMed Central

    Mould, A. Paul; Askari, Janet A.; Byron, Adam; Takada, Yoshikazu; Jowitt, Thomas A.; Humphries, Martin J.

    2016-01-01

    We previously demonstrated that Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing ligand-mimetic inhibitors of integrins are unable to dissociate pre-formed integrin-fibronectin complexes (IFCs). These observations suggested that amino acid residues involved in integrin-fibronectin binding become obscured in the ligand-occupied state. Because the epitopes of some function-blocking anti-integrin monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) lie near the ligand-binding pocket, it follows that the epitopes of these mAbs may become shielded in the ligand-occupied state. Here, we tested whether function-blocking mAbs directed against α5β1 can interact with the integrin after it forms a complex with an RGD-containing fragment of fibronectin. We showed that the anti-α5 subunit mAbs JBS5, SNAKA52, 16, and P1D6 failed to disrupt IFCs and hence appeared unable to bind to the ligand-occupied state. In contrast, the allosteric anti-β1 subunit mAbs 13, 4B4, and AIIB2 could dissociate IFCs and therefore were able to interact with the ligand-bound state. However, another class of function-blocking anti-β1 mAbs, exemplified by Lia1/2, could not disrupt IFCs. This second class of mAbs was also distinguished from 13, 4B4, and AIIB2 by their ability to induce homotypic cell aggregation. Although the epitope of Lia1/2 was closely overlapping with those of 13, 4B4, and AIIB2, it appeared to lie closer to the ligand-binding pocket. A new model of the α5β1-fibronectin complex supports our hypothesis that the epitopes of mAbs that fail to bind to the ligand-occupied state lie within, or very close to, the integrin-fibronectin interface. Importantly, our findings imply that the efficacy of some therapeutic anti-integrin mAbs could be limited by epitope masking. PMID:27484800

  9. IR and ESR studies on novel Cu(II) theophyllinato complexes containing mono- or bidentate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forizs, Edit; David, L.; Cozar, O.; Chiş, V.; Damian, G.; Csibi, Jolán

    1999-05-01

    Three mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes containing theophylline and mono- or bidentate N-donor ligands (2,2'-bipyridine, 4-fluoraniline and 1,10-phenanthroline) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and ESR spectra. According to IR and ESR data the Cu(II) complexes exhibit a distorted tetrahedral coordination of copper by two nitrogen atoms of the monodentate or bidentate ligands and the two monodentate theophyllinate anion bonded through N(7) atom.

  10. Donor Motivations and Decision Making: Understanding the Major Gift Development Process from a Donor's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Anna Lee

    2015-01-01

    Higher education is faced with a challenge to its traditional funding structure. As a result, academic programs must seek alternative sources of support. Chief among these sources is philanthropy in the form of major gifts. Insight into donor motivations and decision making when approached to consider a major gift may help to maximize the success…

  11. Donor Motivations and Decision Making: Understanding the Major Gift Development Process from a Donor's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Anna Lee

    2015-01-01

    Higher education is faced with a challenge to its traditional funding structure. As a result, academic programs must seek alternative sources of support. Chief among these sources is philanthropy in the form of major gifts. Insight into donor motivations and decision making when approached to consider a major gift may help to maximize the success…

  12. [Psychosomatic selection of living liver donors].

    PubMed

    Erim, Y; Senf, W

    2001-01-01

    In the Essen University Clinic for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, between January and December 2000, 54 potential liver donors and 12 kidney donors were examined. All the kidney donors were found to be suitable; 7 potential liver donors were rejected on psychosomatic grounds. Reasons for the rejection were addiction (1 donor), suspected financial dependency of the donor on the recipient (1 donor) and, in the case of one donor not related to the recipient, the apparent lack of a special emotional attachment. During the actual evaluation interview, 4 potential donors reversed their original decision. Such a psychosomatic evaluation is a great help for donors in clarifying their motives and their decision.

  13. Interaction between alkaline earth cations and oxo ligands: a DFT study of the affinity of Mg2+ for carbonyl ligands.

    PubMed

    Moreira da Costa, Leonardo; Stoyanov, Stanislav R; Walkimar de M Carneiro, José

    2012-09-01

    The affinities of Mg(2+) for various substituted carbonyl ligands were determined at the DFT (B3LYP/6-31+G(d)) and semi-empirical (PM6) levels of theory. Two sets of carbonyl ligands were studied: monosubstituted [aldehydes R-CHO and RPh-CHO] and homodisubstituted [ketones R(2)C=O and (RPh)(2)C=O], where R = NH(2), OCH(3), OH, CH(3), H, F, Cl, Br, CN, or NO(2)). In the (RPh)(2)CO case, the R group was bonded to the para position of a phenyl ring. The enthalpies of interaction between the ligands and a pentaaquomagnesium(II) complex were calculated to determine the affinity of each ligand for the Mg(2+) cation and to correlate with geometrical and electronic parameters. These parameters exhibited the same trends for all of the ligands studied, showing that the affinity of Mg(2+) for electron-donating ligands is higher than its affinity for electron-withdrawing ligands. In the complexes, electron-donating groups increase both the electrostatic and the covalent components of the Mg-ligand interaction. This behavior correlates with the Mg-O(carbonyl) distance and the ligand electron-donor strength.

  14. Laparoendoscopic single-site donor nephrectomy (LESS-DN) versus standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Ameet; Ahmed, Kamran; Kynaston, Howard G; Dasgupta, Prokar; Chlosta, Piotr L; Aboumarzouk, Omar M

    2016-05-27

    .14). Pain scores at discharge were significantly less in the LESS-DN group (2 studies, 79 participants: MD -1.19, 95% CI -2.17 to -0.21). For all other outcomes (length of hospital stay; length of time to return to normal activities; blood transfusions; conversion to another form of surgery; warm ischaemia time; total analgesic requirement; graft loss) there were no significant differences observed.Although risk of bias was assessed as low overall, one study was assessed at high risk of attrition bias. Given the small number and size of included studies it is uncertain whether LESS-DN is better than laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Well designed and adequately powered RCTs are needed to better define the role of LESS-DN as a minimally invasive option for kidney donor surgery.

  15. [Educated donor--safe patient].

    PubMed

    Szymczyk-Nuzka, Małgorzata

    2011-03-01

    The safety of transfusion is still improving and very important is raising of education among donors. The important element is also awareness of the possibility of withdrawing themselves from the donation process when they know that their blood isn't suitable for recipients. The aim of this study was checked of donor's knowledge about the risk of transfusion transmitted infections. The 581 regular donors (86.2% men, mean age 32 years) who answered of questions about tests which are performed in donation, and about their knowledge of transmission infections by transfusions. Donors gave blood average four times a year, for 11 years. Over 85% of respondents believed that blood is safe. More than half of donors knew that during donation can be detected anemia, syphilis, jaundice, but 50% believed that the hepatitis viruses can be detected after one week after infection. More than 80% of donors knew about the possibility of detecting of HIV infection, but 11% written that HIV can be detected after one day after infection. Approximately 50% of donors believed that can be detected diabetes during donation, and more than 12% of them--that can be detected thyropathy and cancer. The 30% of blood donors didn't know what tests were performed in the blood donations. Donors (80%) knew about the risk groups. Donors (50%) knew correct temporary disqualification periods after surgery and tattoo also, but 17% of them indicated a shorter period of disqualification. 43% of donors shortened the time after gastroscopy. Over 30% of donors didn't know about risks of infection in case of contact with alien blood. A lot of donors (63.3%) knew about the possibility of withdrawing themselves from the donation and 43.5% of them knew about this rule. The donor doesn't need to know the details of detection of infections in blood, but donor need to know that he should be aware that even a few months is needed to obtain a reliable result, which translates into transfusion safety. For this purpose

  16. [Clinical evaluation of living donor].

    PubMed

    Scolari, Maria Piera; Comai, G; La Manna, G; Liviano D'Arcangelo, G; Monti, M; Feliciangeli, G; Stefoni, S

    2009-01-01

    When possible, living donor transplantation represents the best therapeutic strategy for patients suffering from chronic renal failure. Studying the donor allows a complete and thorough clinical, laboratory and instrumental assessment that guarantees good organ function whilst protecting the health of the donor. The main parameters considered within this framework are age, renal function, nephrological complications, comorbidities (diabetes, hypertension, obesity, etc.), malignancies, and infection. Moreover, particular attention is paid to the sociopsychological aspects of the donation, particularly related to the donor, the recipient, and the entire family situation.

  17. Architecture of the Yeast Mitochondrial Iron-Sulfur Cluster Assembly Machinery: THE SUB-COMPLEX FORMED BY THE IRON DONOR, Yfh1 PROTEIN, AND THE SCAFFOLD, Isu1 PROTEIN.

    PubMed

    Ranatunga, Wasantha; Gakh, Oleksandr; Galeano, Belinda K; Smith, Douglas Y; Söderberg, Christopher A G; Al-Karadaghi, Salam; Thompson, James R; Isaya, Grazia

    2016-05-06

    The biosynthesis of Fe-S clusters is a vital process involving the delivery of elemental iron and sulfur to scaffold proteins via molecular interactions that are still poorly defined. We reconstituted a stable, functional complex consisting of the iron donor, Yfh1 (yeast frataxin homologue 1), and the Fe-S cluster scaffold, Isu1, with 1:1 stoichiometry, [Yfh1]24·[Isu1]24 Using negative staining transmission EM and single particle analysis, we obtained a three-dimensional reconstruction of this complex at a resolution of ∼17 Å. In addition, via chemical cross-linking, limited proteolysis, and mass spectrometry, we identified protein-protein interaction surfaces within the complex. The data together reveal that [Yfh1]24·[Isu1]24 is a roughly cubic macromolecule consisting of one symmetric Isu1 trimer binding on top of one symmetric Yfh1 trimer at each of its eight vertices. Furthermore, molecular modeling suggests that two subunits of the cysteine desulfurase, Nfs1, may bind symmetrically on top of two adjacent Isu1 trimers in a manner that creates two putative [2Fe-2S] cluster assembly centers. In each center, conserved amino acids known to be involved in sulfur and iron donation by Nfs1 and Yfh1, respectively, are in close proximity to the Fe-S cluster-coordinating residues of Isu1. We suggest that this architecture is suitable to ensure concerted and protected transfer of potentially toxic iron and sulfur atoms to Isu1 during Fe-S cluster assembly.

  18. Donor cell leukemia.

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Arguelles, Alejandro

    2012-04-01

    Minimal residual disease refers to the tumour cells that are still present in a given patient after completion of a therapeutic scheme. The demonstration and quantification of residual neoplastic cells has a crucial impact in clinical decision making, for it might prompt continuation of treatment, while the absence of such cells might serve as evidence to withdraw therapy. Therefore, both sensitivity and specificity of the methods used to unravel residual neoplastic cells must be highly reliable and robust. Flow cytometry has been widely used for this purpose, and its clinical performance depends mainly on the criteria of interpretation, rather than in the technique by itself; molecular biology techniques have proved to be highly sensitive and specific but unfortunately they cannot be used in all patients or in all types of leukemia. Finally, the development of donor cell leukemia in transplanted patients, might mimic residual disease and add more confusion to an already controversial issue. These topics are discussed in this paper.

  19. A Strong Donor-Acceptor System Based on a Metal Chalcogenide Cluster and Porphyrin.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jing; Xue, Li-Jun; Hou, Jin-Le; Yin, Zhong-Nan; Zhang, Xuan; Zhu, Qin-Yu; Dai, Jie

    2017-07-17

    Although great progress has been made for charge transfer (CT) compounds of various organic donor-acceptor systems, no CT compounds containing both inorganic chalcogenide cluster anions and organic porphyrin cations have been reported. Herein, a germanium chalcogenide cluster (Ge4S10(4-)) is chosen as an electron donor and a methylated tetrakis(4-pyridyl)porphyrin (5,10,15,20-tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphyrin, TMPyP) is selected as an electron acceptor to create chalcogenide cluster-porphyrin CT compounds (TMPyP-Ge4S10)·5H2O (1) and (MnTMPyP-Ge4S10)·13H2O (2). Their crystal structures have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 is an ionic CT salt assembled through interion interactions, and compound 2 is a neutral CT dyad formed by metal-ligand axial coordination of the chalcogenide cluster with manganese porphyrin. The strong charge transfer properties are revealed by electronic spectra, theoretical calculations, (1)H NMR, and ESR. The CT intensity of the chalcogenide cluster-porphyrin system can be modulated by metalation. The fluorescence and photocurrent response properties of 1 and 2 are related to the CT intensity.

  20. Bifunctional crosslinking ligands for transthyretin

    PubMed Central

    Mangione, P. Patrizia; Deroo, Stéphanie; Ellmerich, Stephan; Bellotti, Vittorio; Kolstoe, Simon; Wood, Stephen P.; Robinson, Carol V.; Smith, Martin D.; Tennent, Glenys A.; Broadbridge, Robert J.; Council, Claire E.; Thurston, Joanne R.; Steadman, Victoria A.; Vong, Antonio K.; Swain, Christopher J.; Pepys, Mark B.; Taylor, Graham W.

    2015-01-01

    Wild-type and variant forms of transthyretin (TTR), a normal plasma protein, are amyloidogenic and can be deposited in the tissues as amyloid fibrils causing acquired and hereditary systemic TTR amyloidosis, a debilitating and usually fatal disease. Reduction in the abundance of amyloid fibril precursor proteins arrests amyloid deposition and halts disease progression in all forms of amyloidosis including TTR type. Our previous demonstration that circulating serum amyloid P component (SAP) is efficiently depleted by administration of a specific small molecule ligand compound, that non-covalently crosslinks pairs of SAP molecules, suggested that TTR may be also amenable to this approach. We first confirmed that chemically crosslinked human TTR is rapidly cleared from the circulation in mice. In order to crosslink pairs of TTR molecules, promote their accelerated clearance and thus therapeutically deplete plasma TTR, we prepared a range of bivalent specific ligands for the thyroxine binding sites of TTR. Non-covalently bound human TTR–ligand complexes were formed that were stable in vitro and in vivo, but they were not cleared from the plasma of mice in vivo more rapidly than native uncomplexed TTR. Therapeutic depletion of circulating TTR will require additional mechanisms. PMID:26400472

  1. Intramolecular Charge-Transfer Interaction of Donor-Acceptor-Donor Arrays Based on Anthracene Bisimide.

    PubMed

    Iwanaga, Tetsuo; Ogawa, Marina; Yamauchi, Tomokazu; Toyota, Shinji

    2016-05-20

    We designed anthracene bisimide (ABI) derivatives having two triphenylamine (TPA) groups as donor units at the 9,10-positions to form a novel π-conjugated donor-acceptor system. These compounds and their analogues with ethynylene linkers were synthesized by Suzuki-Miyaura and Sonogashira coupling reactions, respectively. In UV-vis spectra, the linker-free derivatives showed broad absorption bands arising from intramolecular charge-transfer interactions. Introducing ethynylene linkers resulted in a considerable red shift of the absorption bands. In fluorescence spectra, the ethynylene derivatives showed intense emission bands at 600-650 nm. Their photophysical and electrochemical properties were compared with those of the corresponding mono TPA derivatives on the basis of theoretical calculations and cyclic voltammetry to evaluate the intramolecular electronic interactions between the donor and acceptor units.

  2. Photophysics of self-assembled zinc porphyrin-bidentate diamine ligand complexes.

    PubMed

    Danger, Brook R; Bedient, Krysta; Maiti, Manisankar; Burgess, Ian J; Steer, Ronald P

    2010-10-21

    The effects of complexation--by bidentate nitrogen-containing ligands such as pyrazine and 4,4'-bipyridine commonly used for porphyrin self-assembly--on the photophysics of the model metalloporphyrin, ZnTPP, are reported. Ligation to form the 5-coordinate species introduces an intramolecular charge transfer (ITC) state that, depending on the oxidation and reduction potentials of the electron donor and acceptor, can become involved in the excited state relaxation processes. For ZnTPP, ligation with pyridine has little effect on excited state relaxation following either Q-band or Soret band excitation. However, coordination of ZnTPP with pyrazine and bipyridine causes the S(2) (Soret) state of the ligated species to decay almost exclusively via an S(2)-ICT-S(1) pathway, while affecting the S(1) decay route only slightly. In these 5-coordinate species the S(2)-ICT-S(1) decay route is ultrafast and nearly quantitative. Literature redox data for other bidentate ligands such as DABCO and multidentate ligands commonly used for pophyrin assembly suggest that the ITC states introduced by them could also modify the excited state relaxation dynamics of a wide variety of multiporphyrin arrays.

  3. Which Donor for Uterus Transplants: Brain-Dead Donor or Living Donor? A Systematic Review.

    PubMed

    Lavoué, Vincent; Vigneau, Cécile; Duros, Solène; Boudjema, Karim; Levêque, Jean; Piver, Pascal; Aubard, Yves; Gauthier, Tristan

    2017-02-01

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate and compare the pros and cons of using living donors or brain-dead donors in uterus transplantation programs, 2 years after the first worldwide live birth after uterus transplantation. The Medline database and the Central Cochrane Library were used to locate uterine transplantation studies carried out in human or nonhuman primates. All types of articles (case reports, original studies, meta-analyses, reviews) in English or French were considered for inclusion. Overall, 92 articles were screened and 44 were retained for review. Proof of concept for human uterine transplantation was demonstrated in 2014 with a living donor. Compared with a brain-dead donor strategy, a living donor strategy offers greater possibilities for planning surgery and also decreases cold ischemia time, potentially translating into a higher success rate. However, this approach poses ethical problems, given that the donor is exposed to surgery risks but does not derive any direct benefit. A brain-dead donor strategy is more acceptable from an ethical viewpoint, but its feasibility is currently unproven, potentially owing to a lack of compatible donors, and is associated with a longer cold ischemia time and a potentially higher rejection rate. The systematic review demonstrates that uterine transplantation is a major surgical innovation for the treatment of absolute uterine factor infertility. Living and brain-dead donor strategies are not mutually exclusive and, in view of the current scarcity of uterine grafts and the anticipated future rise in demand, both will probably be necessary.

  4. Metal-ligand synergistic effects in the complex Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2: synthesis, structures, and reactivity.

    PubMed

    Isrow, Derek; DeYonker, Nathan J; Koppaka, Anjaneyulu; Pellechia, Perry J; Webster, Charles Edwin; Captain, Burjor

    2013-12-16

    In the current investigation, reactions of the "bow-tie" Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 complex with an assortment of donor ligands have been characterized experimentally and computationally. While the Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 complex has trans-disposed TEMPO ligands, proton transfer from the C-H bond of alkyne substrates (phenylacetylene, acetylene, trimethylsilyl acetylene, and 1,4-diethynylbenzene) produce cis-disposed ligands of the form Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)(κ(1)-R). In the case of 1,4-diethynylbenzene, a two-stage reaction occurs. The initial product Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)[κ(1)-CC(C6H4)CCH] is formed first but can react further with another equivalent of Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 to form the bridged complex Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)[κ(1)-κ(1)-CC(C6H4)CC]Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH). The corresponding reaction with acetylene, which could conceivably also yield a bridging complex, does not occur. Via density functional theory (DFT), addition mechanisms are proposed in order to rationalize thermodynamic and kinetic selectivity. Computations have also been used to probe the relative thermodynamic stabilities of the cis and trans addition products and are in accord with experimental results. Based upon the computational results and the geometry of the experimentally observed product, a trans-cis isomerization must occur.

  5. Effect of Ligand Field Tuning on the SMM Behavior for Three Related Alkoxide-Bridged Dysprosium Dimers.

    PubMed

    Peng, Yan; Mereacre, Valeriu; Baniodeh, Amer; Lan, Yanhua; Schlageter, Martin; Kostakis, George E; Powell, Annie K

    2016-01-04

    The synthesis and characterization of three Dy2 compounds, [Dy2(HL1)2(NO3)4] (1), [Dy2(L2)2(NO3)4] (2), and [Dy2(HL3)2(NO3)4] (3), formed using related tripodal ligands with a central tertiary amine bearing picolyl and alkoxy arms, 2-[(2-hydroxy-ethyl)-pyridin-2-ylmethylamino]-ethanol (H2L1), 2-(bis-pyridin-2-ylmethylamino)-ethanol (HL2), and 2-(bis-pyridin-2-ylmethylamino)-propane-1,3-diol (H2L3), are reported. The compounds are rare examples of alkoxide-bridged {Dy2} complexes and display capped square antiprism coordination geometry around each Dy(III) ion. Changes in the ligand field environment around the Dy(III) ions brought about through variations in the ligand donors can be gauged from the magnetic properties, with compounds 1 and 2 showing antiparallel coupling between the Dy(III) ions and 3 showing parallel coupling. Furthermore, slow relaxation of the magnetization typical of SMM behavior could be observed for compounds 2 and 3, suggesting that small variations in the ligand field can have a significant influence on the slow relaxation processes responsible for SMM behavior of Dy(III)-based systems.

  6. Crystal structure of an HgII coordination polymer with an unsymmetrical dipyridyl ligand: catena-poly[[[di­chlorido­mercury(II)]-μ-N-(pyridin-4-ylmeth­yl)pyridin-3-amine-κ2 N:N′] chloro­form hemisolvate

    PubMed Central

    Moon, Suk-Hee; Kang, Donghyun; Park, Ki-Min

    2016-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, {[HgLCl2]·0.5CHCl3}n (L = N-(pyridin-4-ylmeth­yl)pyridin-3-amine, C11H11N3), contains one HgII ion, one bridging L ligand, two chloride ligands and a chloro­form solvent mol­ecule with half-occupancy that is disordered about a crystallographic twofold rotation axis. Each HgII ion is coordinated by two pyridine N atoms from two symmetry-related L ligands and two chloride anions in a highly distorted tetra­hedral geometry with bond angles falling in the range 99.05 (17)–142.96 (7)°. Each L ligand bridges two HgII ions, forming polymeric zigzag chains propagating in [010]. In the crystal, the chains are linked by inter­molecular N/C—H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds together with weak C—H⋯π inter­actions, resulting in the formation of a three-dimensional supra­molecular network, which is further stabilized by C—Cl⋯π inter­actions between the solvent chloro­form mol­ecules and the pyridine rings of L [chloride-to-centroid distances = 3.442 (11) and 3.626 (13) Å]. In addition, weak Cl⋯Cl contacts [3.320 (5) Å] between the chloro­form solvent mol­ecules and the coordinating chloride anions are also observed. PMID:27840697

  7. Scalable quantum computer architecture with coupled donor-quantum dot qubits

    DOEpatents

    Schenkel, Thomas; Lo, Cheuk Chi; Weis, Christoph; Lyon, Stephen; Tyryshkin, Alexei; Bokor, Jeffrey

    2014-08-26

    A quantum bit computing architecture includes a plurality of single spin memory donor atoms embedded in a semiconductor layer, a plurality of quantum dots arranged with the semiconductor layer and aligned with the donor atoms, wherein a first voltage applied across at least one pair of the aligned quantum dot and donor atom controls a donor-quantum dot coupling. A method of performing quantum computing in a scalable architecture quantum computing apparatus includes arranging a pattern of single spin memory donor atoms in a semiconductor layer, forming a plurality of quantum dots arranged with the semiconductor layer and aligned with the donor atoms, applying a first voltage across at least one aligned pair of a quantum dot and donor atom to control a donor-quantum dot coupling, and applying a second voltage between one or more quantum dots to control a Heisenberg exchange J coupling between quantum dots and to cause transport of a single spin polarized electron between quantum dots.

  8. The Dirt on the Donors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Mary Margaret

    1996-01-01

    A discussion of donor records in college and university fund-raising programs looks at a variety of issues, including who sees them (administrators, donors, volunteers, and members of the legal profession), how access to them is controlled, and what is kept in them. Suggestions are offered for managing such records, and the experiences of a number…

  9. Management of Young Blood Donors

    PubMed Central

    Newman, Bruce H.

    2014-01-01

    Summary The emphasis on high-school blood drives and acceptance of 16-year-old blood donors led to more research on physiologic and psychological ways to decrease vasovagal reaction rates in young blood donors and to increase donor retention. Research on how to accomplish this has been advantageous for the blood collection industry and blood donors. This review discussed the current situation and what can be done psychologically, physiologically, and via process improvements to decrease vasovagal reaction rates and increase donor retention. The donation process can be significantly improved. Future interventions may include more dietary salt, a shorter muscle tension program to make it more feasible, recommendations for post-donation muscle tension / squatting / laying down for lightheadedness, more donor education by the staff at the collection site, more staff attention to donors with fear or higher risk for a vasovagal reaction (e.g. estimated blood volume near 3.5 l, first-time donor), and a more focused donation process to ensure a pleasant and safer procedure. PMID:25254024

  10. Urinary biomarkers after donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Hoogendijk-van den Akker, Judith M; Warlé, Michiel C; van Zuilen, Arjan D; Kloke, Heinrich J; Wever, Kim E; d'Ancona, Frank C H; Ӧzdemir, Denise M D; Wetzels, Jack F M; Hoitsma, Andries J

    2015-05-01

    As the beginning of living-donor kidney transplantation, physicians have expressed concern about the possibility that unilateral nephrectomy can be harmful to a healthy individual. To investigate whether the elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy causes early damage to the remaining kidney, we evaluated urine biomarkers after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. We measured albumin and alpha-1-microglobulin (α-1-MGB) in urine samples collected during and after open and laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy and colectomy. Additionally, kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were measured in urine samples collected during and after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and colectomy. The same biomarkers were studied in patients randomly assigned to standard or low IAP during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. We observed a peak in urinary albumin excretion during all procedures. Urine α-1-MGB rose in the postoperative period with a peak on the third postoperative day after donor nephrectomy. Urine α-1-MGB did not increase after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and colectomy. After laparoscopic nephrectomy, we observed slight increases in urine KIM-1 during surgery and in urine NGAL at day 2-3 after the procedure. After laparoscopic colectomy, both KIM-1 and NGAL were increased in the postoperative period. There were no differences between the high- and low-pressure procedure. Elevated urinary α-1-MGB suggests kidney damage after donor nephrectomy, occurring irrespective of IAP during the laparoscopic procedure.

  11. Reevaluating the dead donor rule.

    PubMed

    Collins, Mike

    2010-04-01

    The dead donor rule justifies current practice in organ procurement for transplantation and states that organ donors must be dead prior to donation. The majority of organ donors are diagnosed as having suffered brain death and hence are declared dead by neurological criteria. However, a significant amount of unrest in both the philosophical and the medical literature has surfaced since this practice began forty years ago. I argue that, first, declaring death by neurological criteria is both unreliable and unjustified but further, the ethical principles which themselves justify the dead donor rule are better served by abandoning that rule and instead allowing individuals who have suffered severe and irreversible brain damage to become organ donors, even though they are not yet dead and even though the removal of their organs would be the proximal cause of death.

  12. Hydrogen bond donation to the heme distal ligand of Staphylococcus aureus IsdG tunes the electronic structure.

    PubMed

    Lockhart, Cheryl L; Conger, Matthew A; Pittman, Dylanger S; Liptak, Matthew D

    2015-07-01

    Staphylococcus aureus IsdG catalyzes the final step of staphylococcal iron acquisition from host hemoglobin, whereby host-derived heme is converted to iron and organic products. The Asn7 distal pocket residue is known to be critical for enzyme activity, but the influence of this residue on the substrate electronic structure was unknown prior to this work. Here, an optical spectroscopic and density functional theory characterization of azide- and cyanide-inhibited wild type and N7A IsdG is presented. Magnetic circular dichroism data demonstrate that Asn7 perturbs the electronic structure of azide-inhibited, but not cyanide-inhibited, IsdG. As the iron-ligating α-atom of azide, but not cyanide, can act as a hydrogen bond acceptor, these data indicate that the terminal amide of Asn7 is a hydrogen bond donor to the α-atom of a distal ligand to heme in IsdG. Circular dichroism characterization of azide- and cyanide-inhibited forms of WT and N7A IsdG strongly suggests that the Asn7···N3 hydrogen bond influences the orientation of a distal azide ligand with respect to the heme substrate. Specifically, density functional theory calculations suggest that Asn7···N3 hydrogen bond donation causes the azide ligand to rotate about an axis perpendicular to the porphyrin plane and weakens the π-donor strength of the azide ligand. This lowers the energies of the Fe 3d xz and 3d yz orbitals, mixes Fe 3d xy and porphyrin a 2u character into the singly-occupied molecular orbital, and results in spin delocalization onto the heme meso carbons. These discoveries have important implications for the mechanism of heme oxygenation catalyzed by IsdG.

  13. Donor attention to reading materials.

    PubMed

    O'Brien, S F; Osmond, L; Choquet, K; Yi, Q-L; Goldman, M

    2015-11-01

    Mandatory predonation reading materials inform donors about risk factors for transmissible disease, possible complications of donation and changes to the donation process. We aimed to assess the attention to predonation reading materials and factors which may affect attention. A national survey in 2008 of 18,108 blood donors asked about self-assessed attention to reading the materials. In face-to-face interviews, 441 donors completed additional questions about reading the materials and a literacy test. Qualitative interviews of 27 donors assessed their approach to reading. In the national survey, most of the first-time donors said they read all or most of the materials (90.9% first-time vs. 57.6% repeat donors, P < 0.001) and 66% vs. 23.1% reported reading them carefully (P < 0.001). In face-to-face interviews comparing those who read materials carefully, skimmed or did not read, most knew that donors are informed of positive transmissible disease test results (97.1%, 95.5, 98.0 P > 0.05), but fewer recalled seeing the definition of sex (77.2%, 56.9, 24.2 P < 0.001). Literacy was poor (30.5% frustration level, 60.3% instructional, 9.2% independent) but similar when those who read materials carefully, skimmed or did not read were compared (P > 0.05). Qualitative interviews showed that donors are reluctant to read any more than necessary and decide based on perceived importance or relevance. Attention to predonation reading materials tends to be better among first-time donors. The effectiveness is limited by low motivation to read, especially for repeat donors, as well as poor literacy. © 2015 International Society of Blood Transfusion.

  14. Donor management in South-East Asia region (SEAR).

    PubMed

    Bharucha, Z S

    2005-01-01

    Quality management of a BTS starts with safe donor recruitment and donor care. In the South-East Asia region (SEAR) almost all countries except Thailand depend heavily on replacement of blood from relatives and friends. Most of these countries except Bangla Desh have ruled out the paid-donor system; however in the guise of replacement donation it still exists. Lack of resources, lack of professional management, myths and misconceptions arising from cultural and social differences form a barrier to blood donation. Most of the countries still do not have a National Blood Policy and/or a well planned blood programme. Besides recruitment, the donor screening and donor management are also not well addressed. The donors are mainly males of 20-35 years who come from the middle class of the society. Only 3-6 % of females donate blood. Most of the donors donate once in a lifetime as there is no emphasis on retention programmes. Only 5-10 % are repeat donors. The autologous transfusions are not widely practised. However, insistence on directed donors has increased. The prevalence of transfusion-transmissible infections in the region is variable; HIV 0-1.6 %, HBV 0.06-8.5 %, HCV 1.2-3 %. Training of staff and volunteers involved in the programme has started. Countries such as India and Sri Lanka are introducing NBP and moving towards reorganisation of their blood programme. All countries have now realised a need for regulation and implementation of a quality system as well as increased their efforts towards donor recruitment and retention. To improve the safety of blood supply, all are trying to phase out the replacement system and move towards 100 % voluntary non- remunerated regular blood donation. The aim of the presentation is to highlight the problems encountered as well as strategies used in making adequate and safe blood available.

  15. LigandRFs: random forest ensemble to identify ligand-binding residues from sequence information alone.

    PubMed

    Chen, Peng; Huang, Jianhua Z; Gao, Xin

    2014-01-01

    Protein-ligand binding is important for some proteins to perform their functions. Protein-ligand binding sites are the residues of proteins that physically bind to ligands. Despite of the recent advances in computational prediction for protein-ligand binding sites, the state-of-the-art methods search for similar, known structures of the query and predict the binding sites based on the solved structures. However, such structural information is not commonly available. In this paper, we propose a sequence-based approach to identify protein-ligand binding residues. We propose a combination technique to reduce the effects of different sliding residue windows in the process of encoding input feature vectors. Moreover, due to the highly imbalanced samples between the ligand-binding sites and non ligand-binding sites, we construct several balanced data sets, for each of which a random forest (RF)-based classifier is trained. The ensemble of these RF classifiers forms a sequence-based protein-ligand binding site predictor. Experimental results on CASP9 and CASP8 data sets demonstrate that our method compares favorably with the state-of-the-art protein-ligand binding site prediction methods.

  16. Application of the donor-acceptor concept to intercept low oxidation state group 14 element hydrides using a Wittig reagent as a Lewis base.

    PubMed

    Swarnakar, Anindya K; McDonald, Sean M; Deutsch, Kelsey C; Choi, Paul; Ferguson, Michael J; McDonald, Robert; Rivard, Eric

    2014-08-18

    This article outlines our attempts to stabilize the Group 14 element dihydrides, GeH2 and SnH2, using commonly employed phosphine and pyridine donors; in each case, elemental Ge and Sn extrusion was noted. However, when these phosphorus and nitrogen donors were replaced with the ylidic Wittig ligand Ph3P═CMe2, stable inorganic methylene complexes (EH2) were obtained, demonstrating the utility of this under-explored ligand class in advancing main group element coordination chemistry.

  17. The Lombardy Rare Donor Programme.

    PubMed

    Revelli, Nicoletta; Villa, Maria Antonietta; Paccapelo, Cinzia; Manera, Maria Cristina; Rebulla, Paolo; Migliaccio, Anna Rita; Marconi, Maurizio

    2014-01-01

    In 2005, the government of Lombardy, an Italian region with an ethnically varied population of approximately 9.8 million inhabitants including 250,000 blood donors, founded the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme, a regional network of 15 blood transfusion departments coordinated by the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory of the Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan. During 2005 to 2012, Lombardy funded LORD-P with 14.1 million euros. During 2005-2012 the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme members developed a registry of blood donors and a bank of red blood cell units with either rare blood group phenotypes or IgA deficiency. To do this, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory performed extensive serological and molecular red blood cell typing in 59,738 group O or A, Rh CCDee, ccdee, ccDEE, ccDee, K- or k- donors aged 18-55 with a record of two or more blood donations, including both Caucasians and ethnic minorities. In parallel, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory implemented a 24/7 service of consultation, testing and distribution of rare units for anticipated or emergent transfusion needs in patients developing complex red blood cell alloimmunisation and lacking local compatible red blood cell or showing IgA deficiency. Red blood cell typing identified 8,747, 538 and 33 donors rare for a combination of common antigens, negative for high-frequency antigens and with a rare Rh phenotype, respectively. In June 2012, the Lombardy Rare Donor Programme frozen inventory included 1,157 red blood cell units. From March 2010 to June 2012 one IgA-deficient donor was detected among 1,941 screened donors and IgA deficiency was confirmed in four previously identified donors. From 2005 to June 2012, the Immunohaematology Reference Laboratory provided 281 complex red blood cell alloimmunisation consultations and distributed 8,008 Lombardy Rare Donor Programme red blood cell units within and outside the region, which were transfused to 2,365 patients with no

  18. Ruthenium Bis-diimine Complexes with a Chelating Thioether Ligand: Delineating 1,10-Phenanthrolinyl and 2,2'-Bipyridyl Ligand Substituent Effects

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Rawashdeh, Nathir A. F.; Chatterjee, Sayandev; Krause, Jeanette A.; Connick, William B.

    2014-01-06

    A new series of ruthenium(II) bis-diimine complexes with a chelating thioether donor ligand has been prepared: Ru(diimine)2(dpte)2+ (diimine=1,10-phenanthroline (phen) (1); 5-CH3-phen (2), 5-Cl-phen (3); 5-Br-phen (4); 5-NO2-phen (5); 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-phen (6); 4,7-diphenyl-phen (7); 5,5'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine (8); 4,4'-di-tert-butyl-2,2'-bipyridine (9)). Crystal structures of 2, 5, 7 and 9 show that the complexes form 2 of the 12 possible conformational/configurational isomers, adopting compact C2-symmetric structures with short intramolecular transannular interactions between the diimine ligands and dpte phenyl groups; crystals of 2 and 5 contain non-statistical distributions of geometric isomers. In keeping with the π-acidity of the dpte, the Ru(III/II) couple, E°'(Ru3+/2+), occurs at relatively high potentials (1.4-1.7 V vs Ag/AgCl), and the lowest spin-allowed MLCT absorption band occurs near 400 nm. Surprisingly, the complexes also exhibit fluid-solution luminescence originating from a lowest MLCT excited state with lifetimes in the 140-750 ns time range; in acetonitrile, compound 8 undergoes photo-induced solvolysis. Variations in the MLCT energies and redox potentials are quantitatively described using a summative Hammett parameter (σT), as well as using Lever's electrochemical parameters (EL). Recommended parameterizations for 2,2'-bipyridyl and 1,10-phenanthrolinyl ligands were derived from analysis of correlations based on 199 measurements of E°'(Ru3+/2+) for 99 homo- and heteroleptic ruthenium(II) tris-diimine complexes. Variations in E°'(Ru3+/2+) due to substituents at the 4- and 4'-positions of bipyridyl ligands and 4- and 7-positions of phenanthrolinyl ligands are significantly more strongly correlated with σp+ than either σm or σp. Substituents at the 5- and 6-positions of phenanthrolinyl ligands are best described by σm and have effects comparable to those of substituents at the 3- and 8-positions. Correlations of EL with σT for 20

  19. Support of Unrelated Stem Cell Donor Searches by Donor Center-Initiated HLA Typing of Potentially Matching Donors

    PubMed Central

    Schmidt, Alexander H.; Solloch, Ute V.; Baier, Daniel; Grathwohl, Alois; Hofmann, Jan; Pingel, Julia; Stahr, Andrea; Ehninger, Gerhard

    2011-01-01

    Large registries of potential unrelated stem cell donors have been established in order to enable stem cell transplantation for patients without HLA-identical related donors. Donor search is complicated by the fact that the stored HLA information of many registered donors is incomplete. We carried out a project that was aimed to improve chances of patients with ongoing donor searches to find an HLA-matched unrelated donor. For that purpose, we carried out additional donor center-initiated HLA-DRB1 typing of donors who were only typed for the HLA loci A and B so far and were potential matches for patients in need of a stem cell transplant. In total, 8,861 donors were contacted for donor center-initiated HLA-DRB1 typing within 1,089 donor searches. 12 of these donors have donated stem cells so far, 8 thereof for their respective target patients. We conclude that chances of patients with ongoing donor searches to find an HLA-matched unrelated donor can indeed be improved by donor-center initiated typing that is carried out in addition to the standard donor search process. Our results also raise questions regarding the appropriate use of incompletely typed donors within unrelated donor searches. PMID:21625451

  20. Living kidney donors and ESRD.

    PubMed

    Ross, Lainie Friedman

    2015-07-01

    There are more than 325 living kidney donors who have developed end-stage renal disease and have been listed on the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN)/United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) deceased donor kidney wait list. The OPTN/UNOS database records where these kidney donors are listed and, if they donated after April 1994, where that donation occurred. These 2 locations are often not the same. In this commentary, I examine whether a national living donor registry should be created and whether transplantation centers should be notified when one of their living kidney donors develops end-stage renal disease. I consider and refute 5 potential objections to center notification. I explain that transplantation centers should look back at these cases and input data into a registry to attempt to identify patterns that could improve donor evaluation protocols. Creating a registry and mining the information it contains is, in my view, our moral and professional responsibility to future patients and the transplantation endeavor. As individuals and as a community, we need to acknowledge the many unknown risks of living kidney donation and take responsibility for identifying these risks. We then must share information about these risks, educate prospective donors about them, and attempt to minimize them.

  1. Construction of Polynuclear Lanthanide (Ln = Dy(III), Tb(III), and Nd(III)) Cage Complexes Using Pyridine-Pyrazole-Based Ligands: Versatile Molecular Topologies and SMM Behavior.

    PubMed

    Bala, Sukhen; Sen Bishwas, Mousumi; Pramanik, Bhaskar; Khanra, Sumit; Fromm, Katharina M; Poddar, Pankaj; Mondal, Raju

    2015-09-08

    Employment of two different pyridyl-pyrazolyl-based ligands afforded three octanuclear lanthanide(III) (Ln = Dy, Tb) cage compounds and one hexanuclear neodymium(III) coordination cage, exhibiting versatile molecular architectures including a butterfly core. Relatively less common semirigid pyridyl-pyrazolyl-based asymmetric ligand systems show an interesting trend of forming polynuclear lanthanide cage complexes with different coordination environments around the metal centers. It is noteworthy here that construction of lanthanide complex itself is a challenging task in a ligand system as soft N-donor rich as pyridyl-pyrazol. We report herein some lanthanide complexes using ligand containing only one or two O-donors compare to five N-coordinating sites. The resultant multinuclear lanthanide complexes show interesting magnetic and spectroscopic features originating from different spatial arrangements of the metal ions. Alternating current (ac) susceptibility measurements of the two dysprosium complexes display frequency- and temperature-dependent out-of-phase signals in zero and 0.5 T direct current field, a typical characteristic feature of single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior, indicating different energy reversal barriers due to different molecular topologies. Another aspect of this work is the occurrence of the not-so-common SMM behavior of the terbium complex, further confirmed by ac susceptibility measurement.

  2. [Kidney grafts from elderly donors].

    PubMed

    Hiesse, Christian; Pessione, Fabienne; Cohen, Sophie

    2003-06-07

    FROM AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL POINT OF VIEW: The epidemiology of renal transplantation had greatly changed over the past 10 years. The increasing number of patients with renal failure and candidates for transplantation increases the demand for grafts, whereas the sampling rate of organs remains stable. The mean age of the donors is rising, hence underlining the question of the use of organs of so-called "borderline" quality. THE WEAK POINTS OF ELDERLY GRAFTS: Aging of the kidneys affects the structure of the parenchyma and renal function, which decreases, notably in hypertensive persons. The elderly graft exhibits a critical mass of nephrons that is insufficient to fulfil the functional requirements of a poorly equipped recipient. The recipient is more sensitive to the added agressions: prolonged ischemia and immunological and medicinal agressions. THE RESULTS OF RENAL GRAFT FROM ELDERLY DONORS: They are quantitatively and qualitatively inferior to those of renal transplants from "ideal" donors. The donor's age is a significant factor influencing negatively influences the survival of the transplanted kidney, but dependent on past vascular history. Good results regarding the maintenance of dialysis are obtained by selecting the donors and by avoiding added risk factors. THE ASSESSMENT OF A GRAFT FROM AN ELDERLY DONOR: This, basically, relies on clinical criteria: donor's history, cause of death and accurate measurement of the renal function. A biopsy of the graft, at the time of sampling, provides useful information. TRANSPLANTATION STRATEGY OF A GRAFT FROM AN ELDERLY DONOR: Donor-recipient matching by age is a common approach. Grafting of both kidneys in the same recipient is a method presently under assessment. The episode of ischemia must be reduced and the immunosuppressive therapy adapted.

  3. Cancer of the colon in an egg donor: policy repercussions for donor recruitment.

    PubMed

    Ahuja, K K; Simons, E G

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes the tragic case of a young woman who died of cancer of the colon after successfully donating eggs to her younger sister. Although there is no direct link between her operation and the subsequent development of bowel carcinoma, this case imparts a feeling of unease when seen in conjunction with other cases reported during the last few years. It is a reminder that little is known of the long-term consequences of some aspects of assisted conception. Women undergoing ovarian stimulation for themselves or a matched recipient have the right to be advised, in an agreed format, that there is some concern about unproven potential risks from the stimulatory drugs. The safety of egg donors must assume priority over all other considerations, including lack of donors or any moral position. The recent decision by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) to withdraw any form of payment or recompense to egg donors does not seem to us to be based on a balance of scientific advances, patient needs and the ethics of gamete supply. They state that the intention to withdraw payments was implicit in the 1990 Human Fertilisation and Embryology (HFE) Act. However the Act was based on the Warnock report made 6 years earlier. Even in 1990 ovum donation was uncommon and fertility drugs had not yet caused any unease. The Act provided the HFEA with discretionary powers to issue directions so that the future policies would be consistent with any emerging new medical evidence. It is imperative that the HFEA provide convincing evidence on how the current policy of payment to donors harms society, donors or recipients, and how in the UK the new policy will improve medical practice in assisted conception. Successful pilot studies must precede the implementation of any new policy. Failure to do this could cause irreversible harm to the practice of assisted conception using donor gametes, which will ultimately be against the basic aims of the 1990 HFE Act.

  4. Amino Acids in Nine Ligand-Prefer Ramachandran Regions.

    PubMed

    Cao, Chen; Wang, Lincong; Chen, Xiaoyang; Zou, Shuxue; Wang, Guishen; Xu, Shutan

    2015-01-01

    Several secondary structures, such as π-helix and left-handed helix, have been frequently identified at protein ligand-binding sites. A secondary structure is considered to be constrained to a specific region of dihedral angles. However, a comprehensive analysis of the correlation between main chain dihedral angles and ligand-binding sites has not been performed. We undertook an extensive analysis of the relationship between dihedral angles in proteins and their distance to ligand-binding sites, frequency of occurrence, molecular potential energy, amino acid composition, van der Waals contacts, and hydrogen bonds with ligands. The results showed that the values of dihedral angles have a strong preference for ligand-binding sites at certain regions in the Ramachandran plot. We discovered that amino acids preceding the ligand-prefer ϕ/ψ box residues are exposed more to solvents, whereas amino acids following ligand-prefer ϕ/ψ box residues form more hydrogen bonds and van der Waals contacts with ligands. Our method exhibited a similar performance compared with the program Ligsite-csc for both ligand-bound structures and ligand-free structures when just one ligand-binding site was predicted. These results should be useful for the prediction of protein ligand-binding sites and for analysing the relationship between structure and function.

  5. Living donor kidney transplantation: "beauty and the beast"!

    PubMed

    Danovitch, Gabriel M

    2013-01-01

    The report by Terasaki and colleagues in 1995 that the outcomes of spousal and biologically unrelated transplants were essentially the same as for 1-haplotype matched living related transplants changed the course of clinical transplantation. This article, entitled metaphorically "Beauty and the Beast", describes the dramatic change in the practice of living donor transplantation that followed. In the ensuing two decades, biologically unrelated living donor transplantation became commonplace in the developed world and reached its apotheosis in cross-country living donor paired exchange programs that have made transplantation accessible to many whose donors were deemed "incompatible". Such exchanges can indeed be thought of as a "thing of beauty". Sadly, the same observation was abused to exploit vulnerable donors, and the "beast" in the form of transplant tourism became a feature of transplantation in the developing world. The responsibility of the transplant community to protect the welfare of living donors and their recipients and the key role of trust in the evaluation of living donors is discussed.

  6. Prostate-Specific Antigen: Nonspecific in Deceased Organ Donors.

    PubMed

    Pabisiak, K; Ostrowski, M; Kram, A; Safranow, K; Myślak, M; Sieńko, J; Sulikowski, T; Ciechanowski, K

    2016-06-01

    Currently, there is no clear position regarding the donation of organs from donors with prostate carcinoma (CaP) in European countries, except Italy. The lengthening of life expectancy increases the probability of prostate cancer among potential organ