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Sample records for doris robertson proceedings

  1. The radiopositioning system DORIS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dorrer, M.; Chassaing, J.-P.

    1991-07-01

    DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) has two obejectives: it determines the instantaneous orbit positions of satellites, and it locates terrestrial platforms whose positions are unknown or vary slowly. In both cases the determination is accurate to within 10 cm. The first DORIS payload was placed in orbit on the SPOT-2 satellite in January 1990. The DORIS system is described in detail, and results from the first flight are reviewed.

  2. Insertion devices for Doris III

    SciTech Connect

    Pfluger, J.; Heintze, G. ); Baran, W.; Fernow, D.; Kuntze, K. )

    1992-01-01

    In this paper the mechanical and magnetic layout of the first three insertion devices for DORIS III, an upgraded reconstruction of DORIS II, is described and results of the magnetic characterization are given as well.

  3. Recent results from DORIS II

    SciTech Connect

    Bloom, E.D.

    1985-01-01

    This report contains a brief review of recent results from the ARGUS and Crystal Ball experiments at DORIS II, concentrating on UPSILON(1S) and UPSILON(2S) spectroscopy with a short foray into ..gamma gamma.. physics. 18 refs., 10 figs.

  4. The Argyll Robertson pupil.

    PubMed

    Thompson, H Stanley; Kardon, Randy H

    2006-06-01

    The Argyll Robertson (AR) pupil has been defined as a pupil that is small and constricts poorly to direct light but briskly when a target within reading distance is viewed ("light-near dissociation"). Most descriptions of the AR pupil do not mention segmental iris sphincter constriction, or slow, sustained constriction with a near vision effort. Such features are considered typical of the light-near dissociation of Adie syndrome and of neuropathic tonic pupils, where damage to the ciliary ganglion or ciliary nerves is believed to be the mechanism. Because the AR pupil lacks these features, it has been attributed to a dorsal midbrain lesion that interrupts the pupillary light reflex pathway but spares the more ventral pupillary near reflex pathway. However, lesions in this region have not been reliably demonstrated in syphilis. Resolving the issue about the location of the syphilitic lesion that produces the AR pupil will depend on careful examination of patients with techniques designed to disclose segmental palsy of the iris. If segmental iris sphincter palsy is found and the light-near dissociation has tonic features, one must conclude that the mechanism of the pupil disorder is a ciliary (peripheral) rather than a midbrain (central) denervation. Until better evidence settles the localization of the AR pupil, it is appropriate to screen patients with bilateral tonic pupils for syphilis.

  5. Doris - Diode / Jason-1: Efficient!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayles, C.; Rozo, F.

    The Jason-1 satellite has been successfully launched on December 7th, 2001. The DORIS receiver was switched on 10 hours after the launch and has been operating properly since then. Every function has shown a nominal behaviour, in particular the self-initialisation has been achieved despite the early spinned mode of the satellite. DIODE's routine filter has then converged and the receiver self-programming mode has been autonomously activated since the second day of the flight. Time and posi- tion estimations are fully available since the very beginning. During the first days, filters have been tuned in order to optimize performance. Since the previous DIODE / SPOT4 version, the accuracy has been highly improved: twelve days of Jason-1 real measurements have already been analysed. DIODE estimations are compared with the ZOOM medium orbit ephemeris (M.O.E.), which have an accuracy of a few cen- timeters on the radial component. The standard deviation is already better than 13 cm radial, 33 cm along-track and 59 cm cross-track. DIODE position estimations will be used for quick-look processing of the altimetric data (in the O.S.D.R.). For this purpose, the accuracy specified by altimetric users was 30 cm RMS on the radial com- ponent, and 1 meter RMS in 3-D. The preliminary results presented here, have been obtained very early during Jason-1 in-flight calibration. They are not definitive yet: several additional improvements are going to be uploaded (in particular completion of the on-board beacon coordinates). But the requests are already met. From now on, constellations, automated Earth observation systems, and satellite designers in gen- eral, should be confident that on-board orbit computation has become an operationnal facility, with a pretty good accuracy and a convincing reliability: on-board orbit de- termination is today a reality and has been in-flight demonstrated. This concept enters now an operationnal phase, and its main ideas and principles are validated

  6. GSFC DORIS Contribution to ITRF2008

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Le Bail, K.; Lemoine, F. G.; Chinn, D. S.

    2010-01-01

    The NASA GSFC DORIS analysis center has provided weekly DORIS solutions from November 1992 to January 2009 (839 SINEX files) of station positions and Earth Orientation Parameters for inclusion in the DORIS contribution to ITRF2008. The NASA GSFC GEODYN orbit determination software was used to process the orbits and produce the normal equations. The weekly SINEX gscwd 10 submissions included DORIS data from Envisat, TOPEX!Poseidon, SPOT-2, SPOT-3, SPOT-4, SPOT-5. The orbits were mostly seven days in length (except for weeks with data gaps or maneuvers). The processing used the GRACE-derived EIGEN-GL04S1 gravity model, updated modeling for time-variable gravity, the GOT4.7 ocean tide model and tuned satellite-specific macromodels for SPOT -2, SPOT -3, SPOT -4, SPOT-5 and TOPEX/Poseidon. The University College London (UCL) radiation pressure model for Envisat improves nonconservative force modeling for this satellite, reducing the median residual empirical daily along-track accelerations from 3.75 x 10-9 m/s(exp 2) with the a priori macromodel to 0.99 x 10-9 m/s2 with the UCL model. For the SPOT and Envisat DORIS satellite orbits from 2003 to 2008, we obtain average RMS overlaps of 0.8-0.9 cm in the radial direction, 2.1-3.4 cm cross-track, and 1.7-2.3 cm along-track. The RMS orbit differences between Envisat DORIS-only and SLR & DORIS orbits are 1.1 cm radially, 6.4 cm along-track and 3.7 cm cross-track and are characterized by systematic along-track mean offsets due to the Envisat DORIS system time bias of +/- 5-1O micro s. We obtain a good agreement between the geometrically-determined geocenter parameters and geocenter parameters determined dynamically from analysis of the degree one terms of the geopotential. The intrinsic RMS weekly position repeatability with respect to the IDS-3 combination ranges from 2.5 to 3.0 cm in 1993-1994 to 1.5 cm in 2007-2008.

  7. GSFC DORIS contribution to ITRF2008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Bail, K.; Lemoine, F. G.; Chinn, D. S.

    2010-06-01

    The NASA GSFC DORIS analysis center has provided weekly DORIS solutions from November 1992 to January 2009 (839 SINEX files) of station positions and Earth Orientation Parameters for inclusion in the DORIS contribution to ITRF2008. The NASA GSFC GEODYN orbit determination software was used to process the orbits and produce the normal equations. The weekly SINEX gscwd10 submissions included DORIS data from Envisat, TOPEX/Poseidon, SPOT-2, SPOT-3, SPOT-4, SPOT-5. The orbits were mostly seven days in length (except for weeks with data gaps or maneuvers). The processing used the GRACE-derived EIGEN-GL04S1 gravity model, updated modeling for time-variable gravity, the GOT4.7 ocean tide model and tuned satellite-specific macromodels for SPOT-2, SPOT-3, SPOT-4, SPOT-5 and TOPEX/Poseidon. The University College London (UCL) radiation pressure model for Envisat improves nonconservative force modeling for this satellite, reducing the median residual empirical daily along-track accelerations from 3.75 × 10 -9 m/s 2 with the a priori macromodel to 0.99 × 10 -9 m/s 2 with the UCL model. For the SPOT and Envisat DORIS satellite orbits from 2003 to 2008, we obtain average RMS overlaps of 0.8-0.9 cm in the radial direction, 2.1-3.4 cm cross-track, and 1.7-2.3 cm along-track. The RMS orbit differences between Envisat DORIS-only and SLR & DORIS orbits are 1.1 cm radially, 6.4 cm along-track and 3.7 cm cross-track and are characterized by systematic along-track mean offsets due to the Envisat DORIS system time bias of ±5-10 μs. We obtain a good agreement between the geometrically-determined geocenter parameters and geocenter parameters determined dynamically from analysis of the degree one terms of the geopotential. The intrinsic RMS weekly position repeatability with respect to the IDS-3 combination ranges from 2.5 to 3.0 cm in 1993-1994 to 1.5 cm in 2007-2008.

  8. Using DORIS measurements for ionosphere modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dettmering, Denise; Schmidt, Michael; Limberger, Marco

    2013-04-01

    Nowadays, most of the ionosphere models used in geodesy are based on terrestrial GNSS measurements and describe the Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) depending on longitude, latitude, and time. Since modeling the height distribution of the electrons is difficult due to the measurement geometry, the VTEC maps are based on the the assumption of a single-layer ionosphere. Moreover, the accuracy of the VTEC maps is different for different regions of the Earth, because the GNSS stations are unevenly distributed over the globe and some regions (especially the ocean areas) are not very well covered by observations. To overcome the unsatisfying measurement geometry of the terrestrial GNSS measurements and to take advantage of the different sensitivities of other space-geodetic observation techniques, we work on the development of multi-dimensional models of the ionosphere from the combination of modern space-geodetic satellite techniques. Our approach consists of a given background model and an unknown correction part expanded in terms of B-spline functions. Different space-geodetic measurements are used to estimate the unknown model coefficients. In order to take into account the different accuracy levels of the observations, a Variance Component Estimation (VCE) is applied. We already have proven the usefulness of radio occultation data from space-borne GPS receivers and of two-frequency altimetry data. Currently, we test the capability of DORIS observations to derive ionospheric parameters such as VTEC. Although DORIS was primarily designed for precise orbit computation of satellites, it can be used as a tool to study the Earth's ionosphere. The DORIS ground beacons are almost globally distributed and the system is on board of various Low Earth Orbiters (LEO) with different orbit heights, such as Jason-2, Cryosat-2, and HY-2. The last generation of DORIS receivers directly provides phase measurements on two frequencies. In this contribution, we test the DORIS

  9. Averaging Robertson-Walker cosmologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, Iain A.; Robbers, Georg; Behrend, Juliane

    2009-04-01

    The cosmological backreaction arises when one directly averages the Einstein equations to recover an effective Robertson-Walker cosmology, rather than assuming a background a priori. While usually discussed in the context of dark energy, strictly speaking any cosmological model should be recovered from such a procedure. We apply the scalar spatial averaging formalism for the first time to linear Robertson-Walker universes containing matter, radiation and dark energy. The formalism employed is general and incorporates systems of multiple fluids with ease, allowing us to consider quantitatively the universe from deep radiation domination up to the present day in a natural, unified manner. Employing modified Boltzmann codes we evaluate numerically the discrepancies between the assumed and the averaged behaviour arising from the quadratic terms, finding the largest deviations for an Einstein-de Sitter universe, increasing rapidly with Hubble rate to a 0.01% effect for h = 0.701. For the ΛCDM concordance model, the backreaction is of the order of Ωeff0 approx 4 × 10-6, with those for dark energy models being within a factor of two or three. The impacts at recombination are of the order of 10-8 and those in deep radiation domination asymptote to a constant value. While the effective equations of state of the backreactions in Einstein-de Sitter, concordance and quintessence models are generally dust-like, a backreaction with an equation of state weff < -1/3 can be found for strongly phantom models.

  10. Improved DORIS accuracy for precise orbit determination and geodesy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Willis, Pascal; Jayles, Christian; Tavernier, Gilles

    2004-01-01

    In 2001 and 2002, 3 more DORIS satellites were launched. Since then, all DORIS results have been significantly improved. For precise orbit determination, 20 cm are now available in real-time with DIODE and 1.5 to 2 cm in post-processing. For geodesy, 1 cm precision can now be achieved regularly every week, making now DORIS an active part of a Global Observing System for Geodesy through the IDS.

  11. The DORIS Data Center at the CDDIS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noll, Carey E.; Dube, Maurice

    2000-01-01

    The DORIS system (Doppler Orbitography and Radio positioning Integrated by Satellite) was designed and developed by CNES, the National Geographic Institute, IGN (Institut G6ographique National), and the Space Geodesy Research Group, GRGS (Groupe de Recherches de Geodesie Spatiale - CNES/CNRS/Universite Paul Sabatier) to meet new needs for the precise determination of satellite positions on their orbits and for precise positioning of terrestrial beacons. This system has been carried since 1990 on the French SPOT 2 satellite, since 1992 on the French/American satellite TOPEX/POSEIDON, and since 1998 on the French SPOT 4 satellite. It will be part of the JASON (CNES/NASA) and ENVISAT (ESA) altimetric missions and also the SPOT follow-on Earth observation missions. DORIS is a radio-electrical system which takes Doppler measurements between a satellite in low orbit and a permanent global network for the purpose, on the one hand, of determining the satellite's position in orbit, and on the other hand, of locating ground beacons with a high degree of precision.

  12. About the Compatibility of DORIS and VLBI Observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Il'in, Gennady; Smolentsev, Sergey; Sergeev, Roman

    2010-01-01

    We investigated the compatibility of the DORIS and VLBI observations at Badary Observatory. The DORIS beacon stands at 100-m distance from the main radio telescope dish and transmits signals on two frequencies: 2036.25 MHz and 401.25 MHz. The latter frequency is modulated to send messages containing an ID number, timing information, data from the meteorological sensors, and engineering data (e.g., power). Both frequencies affect the S/X band radio telescope receivers. The parameters of the DORIS signals were measured at the outputs of the S/X band intermediate frequency amplifier. It was found that: (1) The level of RFI, produced by the DORIS beacon, practically corresponds to the level of the system (antenna plus receiver) noise signal and does not overload the S/X band receivers. (2) The DORIS 401.25 MHz signal is out of the frequency bands recorded during standard VLBI sessions. As a result, RFI from DORIS does not affect VLBI observations. This conclusion was confirmed after data correlations of actual VLBI observations that were conducted with the DORIS beacon turned on/off.

  13. Precise orbit determination of SPOT platform with DORIS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nouel, F.; Berthias, J. P.; Broca, P.; Deleuze, M.; Guitart, A.; Laudet, P.; Pierret, C.; Piuzzi, A.; Valorge, C.

    1992-08-01

    DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) is a new precise orbit determination system developed by CNES to meet the high accuracy requirement of oceanographic altimetric missions of TOPEX/Poseidon. The system is based upon a worldwide network of about 50 ground transmitting beacons, a Doppler receiver onboard of the satellite, a ground segment to control the system and a new software called ZOOM to compute the orbit. To prepare the DORIS operational applications and to access the in flight performances, a first DORIS receiver was put on SPOT2 platform, the network of orbitography beacons was deployed, and the ZOOM software was tested with actual data. Since the SPOT2 launch of January 22, 1990, improvements have been made in orbit computation. The paper emphasizes the major points which contribute to high precision objectives, during the first year of DORIS/SPOT2 life.

  14. Improved DORIS Reference Frame Solution from NASA GSFC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lemoine, Frank; Chinn, D. S.; Le Bail, K.; Zelensky, N. P.; Ray, R. D.; Beckley, B. D.; Beall, J. W.

    2012-01-01

    At GSFC, since 2008, we have been routinely processing data to DORIS and SLR satellites from 1993. A SINEX time series, based on processing of DORIS data from 1993 to 2008 (designated wd10) was included in the IDS combination for ITRF2008 (Le Bail et al., 2010; Valette et al., 2010). We have updated this series with the addition of new satellites Cryosat2 and Jason-2, and the new series (designated wd12) is routinely submitted to the IDS combination center for inclusion in the DORIS operational combination. In preparation for an eventual reprocessing of all the DORIS data for eventual inclusion in a new ITRF we are now updating our processing standards. As a first step, we update to the ITRF2008 reference frame as expressed through DPOD2008. In addition, we apply the GMF and GPT models for the troposphere, and we update the modeling for the change in pitch of SPOT-5 solar arrays after January 2008. Finally, we consider updated standards for static and time-variable gravity modeling. With this base series, we compute cumulative solution, expressed in ITRF2008, and examine the week-by-week station solution parameters, in particular scale, WRMS and Helmert transformation parameters. Finally we consider a joint solution with SLR, where the DORIS system is tied to SLR in two ways, first through the orbit computations using satellites tracked by both SLR and DORIS (e.g. TOPEX, Envisat, Jason-2, Cryosat2), and second through explicit ties at collocated sites. As one of the means of testing of these DORIS-only and SLR+DORIS solutions, we examine the vertical rates at sites in the vicinity of tide gauges.

  15. The DORIS benefits as seen from flight dynamics to geodynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nouel, F.; Berthias, J. P.; Broca, P.; Comps, A.; Deleuze, M.; Guitart, A.; Jayles, C.; Laudet, Ph.; Pierret, C.; Piuzzi, A.

    DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) is a radio receiver designed to accurately measure the carrier frequencies of incoming signals generated by a worldwide beacon network. The DORIS concept is to minimize error sources so that the submeter level on the low Earth orbit satellite position can be reached almost permanently. The DORIS ground segment includes a control center and an orbit determination service, which were conceived to adequately process DORIS measurements and to maintain this high accuracy objective. Since February 1991, DORIS has been used to track the Earth observation satellite SPOT 2 and will also be a passenger for the following SPOT platforms. DORIS is the French tracking system of the oceanographic altimetry satellite TOPEX/POSEIDON which includes laser and experimental global positioning system (GPS) tracking on the US data. During 1990 and 1991, the SPOT Precise Orbit Determination (POD) was performed allowing an orbit time coverage of more than 70% (including frequent system tests during the first year). Taking the SPOT POD as a reference other tracking systems were evaluated and calibrated. Range, range rate, angular measurements have now generated adequate statistics characterizing their noises and their bias behavior, in terms of instrumental and propagation and time tag. Actual station keeping maneuver performances can also be estimated to the millimeter per second level in the three dimension space. Ionospheric daily maps are a by-product of the DORIS concept with its two coherent stable frequencies 2.03625 GHz and 401.24 MHz. As the measurements are performed on board, an autonomous orbit determination system prototype has been developed and performance estimated. As far as geodynamics are concerned, new Earth gravity fields have been developed by several groups from Europe and United States. These models will allow better orbit determination, especially for sun-synchronous orbits.

  16. Absolute positioning using DORIS tracking of the SPOT-2 satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Watkins, M. M.; Ries, J. C.; Davis, G. W.

    1992-01-01

    The ability of the French DORIS system operating on the SPOT-2 satellite to provide absolute site positioning at the 20-30-centimeter level using 80 d of data is demonstrated. The accuracy of the vertical component is comparable to that of the horizontal components, indicating that residual troposphere error is not a limiting factor. The translation parameters indicate that the DORIS network realizes a geocentric frame to about 50 nm in each component. The considerable amount of data provided by the nearly global, all-weather DORIS network allowed this complex parameterization required to reduce the unmodeled forces acting on the low-earth satellite. Site velocities with accuracies better than 10 mm/yr should certainly be possible using the multiyear span of the SPOT series and Topex/Poseidon missions.

  17. Real-time on-board orbit determination with DORIS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Berthias, J.-P.; Jayles, C.; Pradines, D.

    1993-01-01

    A spaceborne orbit determination system is being developed by the French Space Agency (CNES) for the SPOT 4 satellite. It processes DORIS measurements to produce an orbit with an accuracy of about 50O meters rms. In order to evaluate the reliability of the software, it was combined with the MERCATOR man/machine interface and used to process the TOPEX/Poseidon DORIS data in near real time during the validation phase of the instrument, at JPL and at CNES. This paper gives an overview of the orbit determination system and presents the results of the TOPEX/Poseidon experiment.

  18. Status of DORIS stations in Antarctica for precise geodesy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Willis, P.; Amalvict, M.; Shibuya, K.

    2005-01-01

    In Antarctica, besides the quite numerous GPS stations, four DORIS stations are permanently operating. In addition to the permanent DORIS stations, episodic campaigns took place at DomeC/Conccordia and on Sorsdal and Lambert glaciers. In this paper, we first collect general information concerning the stations and the campaigns (location, start of measurements, etc). We then present the results of observations of the permanent stations keeping in mind that we are primarily interested here in the vertical component, which is the most uncertain component.

  19. In Her Own Name? Public Relations Pioneer Doris Fleischman Bernays.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Susan

    The first married woman to be issued a United States passport (1925) in her maiden name Doris E. Fleischman and her husband, Edward L. Bernays, maintained a partnership in one of the country's premier public relations firms until Fleischman's death in 1980. Yet although Bernays received tremendous popular, trade, and scholarly media attention,…

  20. Breakdown: Mind Terror in Sylvia Plath and Doris Lessing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahearn, Marie

    Both Sylvia Plath and Doris Lessing use themes prevalent in Gothic horror tales--fear, madness, dissolution of personality, the dream journey, and the grotesque--but both writers make use of these themes in their own inimitable way. This paper discusses Plath's "The Bell Jar" and Lessing's "Briefing for a Descent into Hell" in terms of these…

  1. Status of the DORIS Contribution to ITRF2008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valette, J. J.; Lemoine, F. G.; Willis, P.; Soudarin, L.; Stepanek, P.; Otten, M.; Govind, R.; Kuzin, S.; Le Bail, K.; Moore, P.

    2009-04-01

    The International DORIS Service (IDS), in operation since 2003, submitted three sets of solutions to ITRF2005 from the IGN/JPL, LEGOS/CLS, and INASAN analysis centers, but no DORIS technique combination. Since that time new analysis centers, have become operational, including the Geodetic Observatory Pecny (GOP), and the European Space Operations Center (ESOC). Other analysis centers who have made SINEX submissions for inclusion in ITRF2008, including Geoscience Australia (GAU), the University of Newcastle (NCL), and the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSC). These analysis centers run different software, including Gypsy (IGN & INASAN), GINS (LCA), Bernese (GOP), NAPEOS (ESOC), GEODYN (Geoscience Australia and NASA GSFC) and FAUST (NCL). Each center applies own analysis strategy in the preparation of their SINEX contribution. The objective is to combine these analysis center contributions into a single IDS combination. The SINEX submissions are processed using the CATREF software, and we describe the results in comparison to ITRF2005. For example, preliminary results already obtained for the period from 1999 to 2008 show a strong improvement in the scale agreement between the analysis centers. We also describe the results of detailed intercenter orbit comparisons using DORIS satellite orbits, which allow us to diagnose potential anomalies in the processing and implement improvements in the future DORIS/IDS ITRF submission.

  2. Proceedings:

    SciTech Connect

    Sidhu, S.S.

    1987-12-01

    With increasingly stringent requirements on the performance of accelerators and storage rings, there is a wide interest in modeling-based control. The organizers recognized the need to have an overview and discussion on the current status of modeling-based accelerator control and how advances in computer technology, software engineering, and expert systems can impact control and diagnosis. As a result, a workshop was organized at the Brookhaven National Laboratory on August 17-18, 1987. It was made possible by the joint support of the AGS, NSLS and Applied Mathematics Departments of BNL. The talks and discussions were divided into three main topics: elements of modeling, knowledge representation, and integration of modeling-based control systems with AI and workstations. This volume is the unedited collection of papers, presented at the Workshop. Separate abstracts were prepared for 10 papers in these proceedings.

  3. The International DORIS Service: genesis and early achievements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tavernier, G.; Fagard, H.; Feissel-Vernier, M.; Bail, K. Le; Lemoine, F.; Noll, C.; Noomen, R.; Ries, J. C.; Soudarin, L.; Valette, J. J.; Willis, P.

    2006-11-01

    All space-geodetic techniques are now organized as separate services of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG), supporting the first pilot project “Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS)”. The International DORIS (Détermination d’Orbite et Radiopositionnement Intégrés par Satellite) Service (IDS) was created in mid-2003 to organize a DORIS contribution to this project and to foster a larger international cooperation on this topic. The goal of this paper is to summarize the key steps that were taken to create this structure and to present its current organization and recent results. At present, more than 50 groups from 35 different countries participate in the IDS at various levels, including 43 groups hosting DORIS stations in 32 countries all around the globe. Four Analysis Centres (ACs) provide results, such as estimates of weekly or monthly station coordinates, geocentre variations or Earth polar motion, that will soon be used to generate IDS-combined products for geodesy and geodynamics. As a first test, a preliminary combination was performed for all the 2004 data from these four ACs. Three of them show RMS of weighted station residuals with respect to this combination solution between 1 and 2 cm. The main topic under investigation is a discrepancy in the scale factor of the terrestrial reference frame (TRF) to map the individual solutions into the combination solution, which reaches 6 cm (multiplying the unit-less scale factor by the Earth radius to get convert scale to millimetre in vertical at the Earth’s surface). Finally, foreseen improvements of the DORIS technology are discussed as well as future improvements concerning the service organization itself and the accuracy and reliability of its scientific products.

  4. 13. TOOL ROOM SHOWING W. ROBERTSON MACHINE & FOUNDRY CO. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. TOOL ROOM SHOWING W. ROBERTSON MACHINE & FOUNDRY CO. NO. 5 POWER HACKSAW (FOREGROUND) AND WELLS METAL BAND SAW (BACKGROUND). VIEW SOUTHEAST - Oldman Boiler Works, Office/Machine Shop, 32 Illinois Street, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

  5. Combined Weekly Coordinate Solutions from SLR and DORIS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lemoine, F.; Chinn, D.; Le Bail, K.; Zelensky, N.; Melachroinos, S.; Beall, J.

    2011-01-01

    In International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) 2005 and ITRF2008, the approach for the construction of solutions by the IERS has been for individual analysis centers of each technique to process geodetic tracking data, and for each technique to develop a solution (or contribution) that is integrated into the final ITRF solution by careful combination of the technique solutions. The connections between the geodetic networks are realized by the application of local ties. In an alternate approach, we may assure processing homogeneity by creating normal equations for different techniques with the same orbit determination software, using identically derived algorithms. Another derivative of this approach is to realize the ties between the techniques using satellites tracked with multiple techniques; in effect tieing the networks together using satellite dynamics. In this solution, we develop a time series and a set of cumulative solutions from Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) & Doppler Orbitography and Radio-positioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS) based on homogeneous processing with the NASA GEODYN precise orbit determination suite of programs, where we jointly combine weekly the SLR data to Lageos1, Lageos2, Starlette, and Stella with the DORIS data from SPOT2-SPOT5, as well as satellites that utilize both techniques (TOPEX/Poseidon, Envisat, Jason-2). We discuss the modeling that is applied including upgrades implemented since the submission of the GSC ITRF2008 contributions for IDS. Firstly, we compare the SLR-only solutions comprising four geodetic satellites with the standard approach of utilizing only Lageos1 & Lageos2. Secondly, we evaluate the impact on the DORIS coordinates of the joint analysis with the SLR data.

  6. Contributions of the French Institut Géographique National (IGN) to the International DORIS Service

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willis, Pascal; Boucher, Claude; Fagard, Hervé; Garayt, Bruno; Gobinddass, Marie-Line

    2010-06-01

    DORIS is one of the four geodetic space techniques participating to the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS). Since the early development of this system, the Institut Géographique National played a specific and active role. Within, the International DORIS Service (IDS), IGN is in a particular position. While it is responsible for the installation and the maintenance of the DORIS ground tracking stations, it also handles one of the two IDS data center delivering DORIS data and products and has been an IDS Analysis Center for years, providing all possible IDS products, in particular the latest ignwd08 time series in preparation of ITRF2008. This paper explains the different aspects of the IGN contribution to IDS from an historical point of view, presents current activities and scientific results and provides a perspective for future activities. Recent DORIS results show a 10 mm precision or better when more than four DORIS satellites are available. Comparisons between recent DORIS solutions (ign07d02 and ign09d02) and past ITRF realizations show that errors are shared between the DORIS and the ITRF realizations. Some problems related to DORIS data processing are also discussed and possible ways to solve them in the future are discussed. In particular, we can now reject the tropospheric origin of the problem detected in the Envisat data after the software upload of October 12, 2004. A few applications in geodesy (terrestrial reference frame, Earth’s polar motion) and geophysics are also discussed as a natural extension of these service-type activities.

  7. Behavior of Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker Singularities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernández-Jambrina, L.

    2016-08-01

    In Stoica (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 55, 71-80, 2016) a regularization procedure is suggested for regularizing Big Bang singularities in Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) spacetimes. We argue that this procedure is only appliable to one case of Big Bang singularities and does not affect other types of singularities.

  8. Optimal entanglement witnesses from generalized reduction and Robertson maps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chruściński, Dariusz; Pytel, Justyna

    2011-04-01

    We provide a generalization of the reduction and Robertson positive maps in matrix algebras. They give rise to a new class of optimal entanglement witnesses. Their structural physical approximation is analyzed. As a byproduct we provide new examples of PPT (positive partial transpose) entangled states.

  9. Quantum Analysis of k=-1 Robertson-Walker Universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dariescu, Ciprian; Dariescu, Marina-Aura

    2015-11-01

    The (k=-1)-Robertson-Walker spacetime is under investigation. With the derived Hamilton operator, we are solving the Wheeler-De Witt Equation and its Schrödinger-like extension, for physically important forms of the effective potential. The closed form solutions, expressed in terms of Heun's functions, allow us to comment on the occurrence of Universe from highly probable quantum states.

  10. A New Open-Source Tool For Education of SAR Interferometry: ADORE-DORIS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osmanoglu, B.

    2012-12-01

    Delft Object-oRiented Interferometry Software (DORIS) is an open source and actively developed package empowering students and scientists from all over the world with means to carry out high quality synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry. Automated DORIS Environment (ADORE) attempts to automate the processing steps involved in generating interferograms using DORIS. Synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR) is an imported tool for earth scientists in a wide spectrum of applications. The complexity involved with the generation of interferograms from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data limits InSAR's wide-use by scientists, and it's education in undergraduate classes. ADORE attempts to soften the learning curve for generating interferograms using DORIS. In this presentation the founding idea and practical benefits of ADORE is outlined and main processing steps are highlighted using an example data set.

  11. Impact of South Atlantic Anomaly on the SPOT and Envisat DORIS observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stepanek, Petr; Dousa, Jan; Filler, Vratislav; Hugentobler, Urs

    2010-05-01

    The South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) refers to the area where the Earth's inner Van Allen radiation belt comes closest to the Earth's surface, leading to increased levels of cosmic radiation at lower altitudes than elsewhere over the surface. A strong effect of the SAA on the quality of Jason-1 DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) observations is well known and several relevant analyses has been published. However, the significant effect of SAA on the other DORIS satellites has not been known. The goal of the paper is to bring a detail analyses of possible SAA effect on the SPOT -2,4,5 and the Envisat DORIS observations. The resulted zenithal total delay (ZTD), oscillator frequency offset and station coordinates, estimated using single-satellite data processing, are presented and discussed. A DORIS-GNSS ZTD comparison is done in addition. A significant bias was detected when processing SPOT-5 data for South American stations Santiago in Chille, Cachoeira Paulista in Brasil and Arequipa in Peru. Even if the detected bias is much lower than in case of Jason-1 and doesn't degrade the DORIS observation so strongly, possible future approach of the SPOT-5 SAA effect elimination (model of oscillator behavior or exclusion of the most corrupted observations) could improve the DORIS solutions. A comparable level of SAA-related effect was not detected for any other of the analyzed satellites.

  12. The International DORIS Service (IDS) - Recent Developments in Preparation for ITRF2013

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Willis, Pascal; Lemoine, Frank G.; Moreaux, Guilhem; Soudarin, Laurent; Ferrage, Pascale; Ries, John; Otten, Michiel; Saunier, Jerome; Noll, Carey E.; Biancale, Richard; Luzum, Brian

    2014-01-01

    The International DORIS Service (IDS) was created in 2003 under the umbrella of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) to foster scientific research related to the French DORIS tracking system and to deliver scientific products, mostly related to the International Earth rotation and Reference systems Service (IERS). We first present some general background related to the DORIS system (current and planned satellites, current tracking network and expected evolution) and to the general IDS organization (from Data Centers, Analysis Centers and Combination Center). Then, we discuss some of the steps recently taken to prepare the IDS submission to ITRF2013 (combined weekly time series based on individual solutions from several Analysis Centers). In particular, recent results obtained from the Analysis Centers and the Combination Center show that improvements can still be made when updating physical models of some DORIS satellites, such as Envisat, Cryosat-2 or Jason-2. The DORIS contribution to ITRF2013 should also benefit from the larger number of ground observations collected by the last generation of DGXX receivers (first instrument being onboard Jason-2 satellite). In particular for polar motion, sub-millarcsecond accuracy seems now to be achievable. Weekly station positioning internal consistency also seems to be improved with a larger DORIS constellation.

  13. Stability of a Robertson-Walker universe against stochastic perturbations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briozzo, C. B.; Budde, C. E.; Caceres, M. O.; Lamberti, P. W.

    1988-06-01

    The Einstein-Langevin equations for a Robertson-Walker universe in which a small stochastic perturbation is introduced in the deterministic equations of motion for the radius of the universe are analysed. We solve the associated nonlinear Fokker-Planck equation in the small noise limit using the Ω expansion and find that the cosmological constant plays an essential role in the long time stability of the model. Fellowship holder at CONICET.

  14. Analysis of a Possible Future Degradation in the DORIS Geodetic Results Related to Changes in the Satellite Constellation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Willis, Pascal

    2006-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the consequences of losing one or more of the 4 remaining Doppler & Ranging Information System (DORIS) satellites and any impact such a loss might have on geodesy. The goals of this program are to analyze the sensitivity of the current DORIS geodetic results (station position and polar motion) to the size of the DORIS constellation and to verify if some satellites are most important or less important than others. The conclusions of the study are summarized.

  15. Gravity model improvement using the DORIS tracking system on the SPOT 2 satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nerem, R. S.; Lerch, F. J.; Williamson, R. G.; Klosko, S. M.; Robbins, J. W.; Patel, G. B.

    1994-01-01

    A high-precision radiometric satellite tracking system, Doppler Orbitography and Radio-positioning Integrated by Satellite system (DORIS), has recently been developed by the French space agency, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). DORIS was designed to provide tracking support for missions such as the joint United States/French TOPEX/Poseidon. As part of the flight testing process, a DORIS package was flown on the French SPOT 2 satellite. A substantial quantity of geodetic quality tracking data was obtained on SPOT 2 from an extensive international DORIS tracking network. These data were analyzed to assess their accuracy and to evaluate the gravitational modeling enhancements provided by these data in combination with the Goddard Earth Model-T3 (GEM-T3) gravitational model. These observations have noise levels of 0.4 to 0.5 mm/s, with few residual systematic effects. Although the SPOT 2 satellite experiences high atmospheric drag forces, the precision and global coverage of the DORIS tracking data have enabled more extensive orbit parameterization to mitigate these effects. As a result, the SPOT 2 orbital errors have been reduced to an estimated radial accuracy in the 10-20 cm RMS range. The addition of these data, which encompass many regions heretofore lacking in precision satellite tracking, has significantly improved GEM-T3 and allowed greatly improved orbit accuracies for Sun-synchronous satellites like SPOT 2 (such as ERS 1 and EOS). Comparison of the ensuing gravity model with other contemporary fields (GRIM-4C2, TEG2B, and OSU91A) provides a means to assess the current state of knowledge of the Earth's gravity field. Thus, the DORIS experiment on SPOT 2 has provided a strong basis for evaluating this new orbit tracking technology and has demonstrated the important contribution of the DORIS network to the success of the TOPEX/Poseidon mission.

  16. Towards a four technique GGOS site: VLBI - DORIS compatibility tests at Wettzell

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klügel, Thomas; Didelot, Francois; Kodet, Jan; Kronschnabl, Gerhard; Mähler, Swetlana; Neidhardt, Alexander; Plötz, Christian; Saunier, Jérôme; Schüler, Torben; Walter, Jean-Marc

    2016-04-01

    Within the framework of a Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS), co-location sites are of special importance for the evaluation and mutual control of the individual geodetic space techniques. At the Geodetic Observatory Wettzell a DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) beacon could complete the geodetic instrumentation consisting of three Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) telescopes, two Laser Ranging (LR) systems and a number of multi- Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) stations. Integrating all fourth geodetic instrumentation into one site generates new problems with Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC). While the VLBI system is designed to receive very weak signals from quasars, the DORIS beacon emits strong signals in the UHF frequency band at 401.25 MHz and in the S band at 2036.25 MHz. During the observation of quasars with VLBI there is a high risk of coupling DORIS S band signals into the VLBI receiving chain generating spurious signal and, in the worst case, overloading receiving chain electronics and risking its damage. Before a DORIS beacon is operated at the Geodetic Observatory Wettzell, it must be ensured that it can be operated alongside the VLBI system without any risk of damage or degradation of the measurement. Field tests under different setups were performed to assess the impact of the DORIS signal on the classical geodetic VLBI 20-m and the VGOS 13-m radio telescopes. Different locations on the observatory each at a distance of more than 100 m were occupied by the DORIS antenna. It has been shown that obstacles like buildings or earth mounds attenuate the signal up to 20 dB. However the power received at the input of the Low Noise Amplifiers (LNA) is still at a critical level when the radio telescope points towards the DORIS beacon. The quality of the correlated signals is not or barely affected at long baselines. At local baselines however, the DORIS emission as a common mode signal degrades

  17. Spatial and Lorentzian surfaces in Robertson-Walker space times

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Bang-Yen; Van der Veken, Joeri

    2007-07-01

    Let L14(f,c)=(I×fS,gfc) be a Robertson-Walker space time which does not contain any open subset of constant curvature. In this paper, we provide a general study of nondegenerate surfaces in L14(f,c). First, we prove the nonexistence of marginally trapped surfaces with positive relative nullity. Then, we classify totally geodesic submanifolds. Finally, we classify the family of surfaces with parallel second fundamental form and the family of totally umbilical surfaces with parallel mean curvature vector.

  18. Noncommutative corrections to the Robertson-Walker metric

    SciTech Connect

    Fabi, S.; Harms, B.; Stern, A.

    2008-09-15

    Upon applying Chamseddine's noncommutative deformation of gravity, we obtain the leading order noncommutative corrections to the Robertson-Walker metric tensor. We get an isotropic inhomogeneous metric tensor for a certain choice of the noncommutativity parameters. Moreover, the singularity of the commutative metric at t=0 is replaced by a more involved space-time structure in the noncommutative theory. In a toy model we construct a scenario where there is no singularity at t=0 at leading order in the noncommutativity parameter. Although singularities may still be present for nonzero t, they need not be the source of all timelike geodesics and the result resembles a bouncing cosmology.

  19. Research Activities for the DORIS Contribution to the Next International Terrestrial Reference Frame

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Soudarin, L.; Moreaux, G.; Lemoine, F.; Willis, P.; Stepanek, P.; Otten, M.; Govind, R.; Kuzin, S.; Ferrage, P.

    2012-01-01

    For the preparation of ITRF2008, the IDS processed data from 1993 to 2008, including data from TOPEX/Poseidon, the SPOT satellites and Envisat in the weekly solutions. Since the development of ITRF2008, the IDS has been engaged in a number of efforts to try and improve the reference frame solutions. These efforts include (i) assessing the contribution of the new DORIS satellites, Jason-2 and Cryosat2 (2008-2011), (ii) individually analyzing the DORIS satellite contributions to geocenter and scale, and (iii) improving orbit dynamics (atmospheric loading effects, satellite surface force modeling. . . ). We report on the preliminary results from these research activities, review the status of the IDS combination which is now routinely generated from the contributions of the IDS analysis centers, and discuss the prospects for continued improvement in the DORIS contribution to the next international reference frame.

  20. Using DORIS for modeling the Vertical Total Electron Content of the Earth's Ionosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dettmering, Denise; Limberger, Marco; Schmidt, Michael

    2014-05-01

    The ionosphere is a dispersive medium for microwaves. As a consequence, most space-geodetic observation techniques can be utilized to extract information on ionospheric parameters, e.g. the Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC). By combining different techniques one can take advantage of their different spatial and temporal data distributions as well as their different observation characteristics and sensitivities concerning ionospheric parameter estimation. Nowadays, most geodetic VTEC models are based on observations from terrestrial permanent stations of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), especially of the Global Positioning System (GPS). In addition, a few groups compute models from a combination of different observations techniques, mostly combination of terrestrial GPS with satellite altimetry and/or GPS radio occultations (e.g. from the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC mission). Today, DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) is rarely used in ionospheric modeling although it provides valuable measurements on two frequencies. Recently, we started to include DORIS measurements in our ionosphere modeling process and to test their capability and their potential to derive ionospheric parameters such as VTEC. Although DORIS was primarily designed for precise orbit computation of satellites, it can be used as a tool to study the Earth's ionosphere. The DORIS ground beacons are almost globally distributed and the system is on board of various Low Earth Orbiters (LEO) with different orbit heights, such as Jason-2, Cryosat-2, HY-2a, and Saral. The last generation of DORIS receivers directly provides phase measurements on two frequencies. In this contribution, we show the capability of DORIS for ionosphere VTEC modeling. For this purpose, we compute DORIS VTEC values from the two-frequency measurements of different missions and include it in our ionosphere model approach where the unknown model parameters are estimated within an

  1. DORIS satellite antenna maps derived from long-term residuals time series

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Willis, Pascal R.; Desai, S. D.; Bertiger, W. I.; Haines, B. J.; Auriol, A.

    2004-01-01

    Recent studies have shown that phase pattern models for the Jason-1 GPS antenna significantly benefit GPS-based precise orbit determination (POD) for the satellite. We have used a similar technique to derive DORIS receiver antenna maps, using all available DORIS tracking data over long time periods (from 1993.0 to 2004.0). We demonstrate that the derived correction models are satellite specific. For a given satellite, year-to-year estimations show clear systematic patterns. Some of these systematic patterns are attributable to the derivative of the multi-path effects in the direction of the satellite velocity. For early SPOT data, the patterns can be explained by an offset in the TAI time tagging (typically 8 (mu)s). In a second step, we have applied the SPOT2 antenna correction models in precise orbit determination and in the positioning of ground beacons. Preliminary results on DORIS/SPOT2 show that application of the DORIS antenna maps lead to a slight improvement of the derived POD and geodetic results (typically less than 5%).

  2. Present-day plate motions: Retrieval from the TOPEX/Poseidon orbitography network (DORIS system)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Souriau, Annie; Cazenave, Anny; Biancale, R.; Balmino, G.; Dominh, K.; Mazzega, P.; Lemoine, J.-M.; Boucher, Claude; Willis, P.; Kasser, M.

    1991-01-01

    The goal of the proposal is to determine the present motion of the main tectonic plates from the Doppler data of the Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS) orbitography system, which includes in its final configuration about 50 tracking stations with a world-wide distribution.

  3. n-dimensional generalizations of the Friedmann Robertson Walker cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, Alberto A.; Carlip, Steve

    2007-02-01

    Within the n-dimensional spatially flat Friedmann Robertson Walker cosmology, determined for a single scalar field minimally coupled to gravity, we derive the n-dimensional Lucchin Mataresse (LM), Barrow Burd Lancaster Madsen (BBLM), and Barrow Saich (BS) cosmological solutions. No matter the dimensions one is dealing with, the potentials follow patterns similar to those ones of the corresponding standard 4-dimensional case; the self interacting potential for the n-LM inflationary model exhibits an exponential slow roll behavior as function of the scalar field, the potential of the n-BBLM model presents a Mexican-hat shape, while the potential for the n-BS cosmology, allowing for the simultaneous presence of a matter perfect fluid and a scalar field, follows a squared cosecant hyperbolic pattern.

  4. Null hypersurfaces in generalized Robertson-Walker spacetimes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Navarro, Matias; Palmas, Oscar; Solis, Didier A.

    2016-08-01

    We study the geometry of null hypersurfaces M in generalized Robertson-Walker spacetimes. First we characterize such null hypersurfaces as graphs of generalized eikonal functions over the fiber and use this characterization to show that such hypersurfaces are parallel if and only if their fibers are also parallel. We further use this technique to construct several examples of null hypersurfaces in both de Sitter and anti de Sitter spaces. Then we characterize all the totally umbilical null hypersurfaces M in a Lorentzian space form (viewed as a quadric in a semi-Euclidean ambient space) as intersections of the space form with a hyperplane. Finally we study the totally umbilical spacelike hypersurfaces of null hypersurfaces in space forms and characterize them as planar sections of M.

  5. As-Built documentation of programs to implement the Robertson and Doraiswamy/Thompson models

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Valenziano, D. J. (Principal Investigator)

    1981-01-01

    The software which implements two spring wheat phenology models is described. The main program routines for the Doraiswamy/Thompson crop phenology model and the basic Robertson crop phenology model are DTMAIN and BRMAIN. These routines read meteorological data files and coefficient files, accept the planting date information and other information from the user, and initiate processing. Daily processing for the basic Robertson program consists only of calculation of the basic Robertson increment of crop development. Additional processing in the Doraiswamy/Thompson program includes the calculation of a moisture stress index and correction of the basic increment of development. Output for both consists of listings of the daily results.

  6. Straight strings and Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes

    SciTech Connect

    Unruh, W.G. )

    1992-10-15

    The embeddability of a straight cosmic string in a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universe is examined. Although previous suggestions that an exact embedding for a string with longitudinal tension equal to energy density is impossible are substantiated, it is shown that the deviations of either the external metric from the exact FRW metric or of the internal structure of the string from the exact tension equals energy density are expected to be very small, of the order of the square of the ratio of the string diameter (or the evacuated shell around the string) to the Hubble radius. Thus the lack of an exact mathematical embedding leads to negligible physical consequences. The problem with solving for an exact embedding of a string in the manner of the Swiss-cheese model is examined in detail, and it is shown that the metric in the evacuated region around the string is unique. That metric is determined to lowest order in the ratio of the evacuated region over the Hubble radius. The implications of this uniqueness for the Swiss-cheese embedding of a string are discussed.

  7. Wavelet application to the time series analysis of DORIS station coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bessissi, Zahia; Terbeche, Mekki; Ghezali, Boualem

    2009-06-01

    The topic developed in this article relates to the residual time series analysis of DORIS station coordinates using the wavelet transform. Several analysis techniques, already developed in other disciplines, were employed in the statistical study of the geodetic time series of stations. The wavelet transform allows one, on the one hand, to provide temporal and frequential parameter residual signals, and on the other hand, to determine and quantify systematic signals such as periodicity and tendency. Tendency is the change in short or long term signals; it is an average curve which represents the general pace of the signal evolution. On the other hand, periodicity is a process which is repeated, identical to itself, after a time interval called the period. In this context, the topic of this article consists, on the one hand, in determining the systematic signals by wavelet analysis of time series of DORIS station coordinates, and on the other hand, in applying the denoising signal to the wavelet packet, which makes it possible to obtain a well-filtered signal, smoother than the original signal. The DORIS data used in the treatment are a set of weekly residual time series from 1993 to 2004 from eight stations: DIOA, COLA, FAIB, KRAB, SAKA, SODB, THUB and SYPB. It is the ign03wd01 solution expressed in stcd format, which is derived by the IGN/JPL analysis center. Although these data are not very recent, the goal of this study is to detect the contribution of the wavelet analysis method on the DORIS data, compared to the other analysis methods already studied.

  8. DPOD2005 : Realization of a DORIS terrestrial reference frame for precise orbit determination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willis, Pascal; Ries, John C.; Soudarin, Laurent; Zelensky, Nikita; Pavlis, Erricos C.

    Scientific studies related to altimetry data (mean sea level determination and its time evolution) require centimeter-level orbit determination in the radial component of the satellite. Change in station coordinates and velocities affect the orbit determination and the derived oceanographic results. Following the release of the ITRF2005, we conducted an extensive study related to the DORIS tracking network. For all ground beacons, we verified if the ITRF2005 position and velocity can be extrapolated in time without significant loss of precision. We tried to identified discontinuities in the DORIS coordinates time series, either caused by physical reason, such as Earthquakes, or by instrumental causes. We also identified time periods for which data for a specific station should not be used for orbit determination. In particular, specific stations such as Socorro Island, on which horizontal and vertical movements are detected from the DORIS results will be presented and can be explained by a volcano deformation. Finally, a more complex example will be provided for the Arequipa station, where a major Earthquake happened on June 23, 2001 and for which some relaxation effects are noticeable in the velocity determination even 2 years after the station displacement. A complete set of positions and velocities (by intervals) is given (DPOD2005) and will be used for Jason and TOPEX orbit determination.

  9. Precise orbit determination with the DORIS/SPOT2 system: First results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nouel, F.; Berthias, J. P.; Broca, P.; Comps, A.; Deleuze, M.; Guitart, A.; Jayles, C.; Laudet, P.; Pierret, C.; Piuzzi, A.

    1991-12-01

    One of the main challenges of the French/U.S. oceanographic mission, TOPEX/Poseidon, is the need to determine the position of the spacecraft with an accuracy of 10 cm in the radial direction after 10 days. In order to reach this level of accuracy, a tracking system, Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS), was developed. This system is composed of a network of about 40 dual frequency beacons scattered all over the world and a receiver on board a spacecraft. The spaceborne processor integrates the Doppler shifts over 10 second intervals and downloads the results and the measurements time tags to the ground control center. An orbit determination software, ZOOM, was developed to generate precise orbits. This program has the capability to process the DORIS data type in addition to all other conventional measurements. As a proof of concept and feasibility test, the first DORIS receiver was placed on the SPOT 2 Earth observation satellite. The whole system (hardware and software) has worked successfully since Feb. 1990, enabling the routine computation of the orbit of SPOT 2 for more than one year. An overview of the orbit production process including the operational set up and the dynamical and measurement models is presented. The orbit quality assessment procedures are described and the ability to ensure the consistency of the system in spite of the large number of independent oscillators, is demonstrated.

  10. The common signal of the geocenter motion in the DORIS and SLR time series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Bail, K.; Lemoine, F. G.; Chinn, D. S.; Beall, J. W.

    2008-12-01

    Surface mass redistribution within the Earth system, especially in the atmosphere, oceans, continents and ice sheets, causes the position of the Earth's center of mass (geocentre) to vary in a reference frame attached to the solid Earth. Space techniques as the Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated on Satellite (DORIS) and the Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) can measure the geocenter motion. DORIS has historically not produced reliable solutions for geocenter, particularly in the Z direction, however we experiment with improvements in radiation pressure modelling described by Gobinddass, M-L et al. (J. Geodesy, submitted) using the GEODYN Orbit Determination and Geodetic Parameter Estimation Software where we explicitly solve for the geocenter signals. In this study, we analyze geocenter motion signals derived from the DORIS and the SLR space geodetic techniques, and comparing with external models. The goal is to underline the common signal found in each of these GSFC solutions and to point out the expected difference of the noise. For this concern, we use statistical tools as the principal component analysis and the multi-variate spectral singular analysis.

  11. Spacetime Emergence of the Robertson-Walker Universe from a Matrix Model

    SciTech Connect

    Erdmenger, Johanna; Meyer, Rene; Park, Jeong-Hyuck

    2007-06-29

    Using a novel, string theory-inspired formalism based on a Hamiltonian constraint, we obtain a conformal mechanical system for the spatially flat four-dimensional Robertson-Walker Universe. Depending on parameter choices, this system describes either a relativistic particle in the Robertson-Walker background or metric fluctuations of the Robertson-Walker geometry. Moreover, we derive a tree-level M theory matrix model in this time-dependent background. Imposing the Hamiltonian constraint forces the spacetime geometry to be fuzzy near the big bang, while the classical Robertson-Walker geometry emerges as the Universe expands. From our approach, we also derive the temperature of the Universe interpolating between the radiation and matter dominated eras.

  12. Spacetime emergence of the robertson-walker universe from a matrix model.

    PubMed

    Erdmenger, Johanna; Meyer, René; Park, Jeong-Hyuck

    2007-06-29

    Using a novel, string theory-inspired formalism based on a Hamiltonian constraint, we obtain a conformal mechanical system for the spatially flat four-dimensional Robertson-Walker Universe. Depending on parameter choices, this system describes either a relativistic particle in the Robertson-Walker background or metric fluctuations of the Robertson-Walker geometry. Moreover, we derive a tree-level M theory matrix model in this time-dependent background. Imposing the Hamiltonian constraint forces the spacetime geometry to be fuzzy near the big bang, while the classical Robertson-Walker geometry emerges as the Universe expands. From our approach, we also derive the temperature of the Universe interpolating between the radiation and matter dominated eras.

  13. Spacetime emergence of the robertson-walker universe from a matrix model.

    PubMed

    Erdmenger, Johanna; Meyer, René; Park, Jeong-Hyuck

    2007-06-29

    Using a novel, string theory-inspired formalism based on a Hamiltonian constraint, we obtain a conformal mechanical system for the spatially flat four-dimensional Robertson-Walker Universe. Depending on parameter choices, this system describes either a relativistic particle in the Robertson-Walker background or metric fluctuations of the Robertson-Walker geometry. Moreover, we derive a tree-level M theory matrix model in this time-dependent background. Imposing the Hamiltonian constraint forces the spacetime geometry to be fuzzy near the big bang, while the classical Robertson-Walker geometry emerges as the Universe expands. From our approach, we also derive the temperature of the Universe interpolating between the radiation and matter dominated eras. PMID:17678078

  14. (Genetics and molecular biology of Robertson's Mutator: A workshop series): Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Buckner, B.

    1988-01-01

    The objectives of the Workshop Series on the Genetics and Molecular Biology of Robertson's Mutator were to assess and consolidate interpretations of current Mutator research and to recognize and honor the outstanding contributions of Donald S. Robertson. To this end, a program of lectures, workshops, posters and opportunities for informal interaction was planned and carried out as indicated in the enclosed registration booklet. Within the context of the workshops, several topics were discussed. These discussions are summarized in abstract form.

  15. Coorbital particles under the effects of Poynting-Robertson Drag

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giuliatti Winter, S. M.; Winter, O. C.; Guimarães, A. H. F.

    2001-11-01

    The confinement model as proposed by Dermott et al. (Icarus, 1980) explained the stability of narrow planetary rings through the presence of a small satellite (μ < 10-10) embedded in the ring, where the particles are maintained in horseshoe orbits. They proposed that such configuration is stable even in the presence of Poynting-Robertson (PR) drag. Murray (Icarus, 1994) analysed the location and stability of the Lagrangian points under the effects of different types of drag forces and concluded that for heliocentric orbits the triangular equilibrium points are unstable under PR drag. The analysis was made for small amplitude orbits. In the present work we explore the dynamics of particles coorbital with a satellite of Saturn under the effects of the PR drag. Therefore, we are considering a planetocentric problem. Different values of satellite mass (10-6-10-11mSaturn) and particle size (0.1--10μ m) are taken into account. The range of the initial conditions covers small and large amplitude orbits. Our results show that when the PR Drag is intense (small particle and/or small satellite) the trajectory of the particle is chaotic or it collides with the satellite. The trajectory changes intermittently between tadpole and horseshoe orbits of different radial and angular amplitudes. There is a difference between the dynamical stability of the equilateral Lagrangian points, which depends on the PR Drag intensity. In general, the Lagrangian point L5 is more stable than L4. Acknowledgements: SMGW, OCW and AHFG thanks FAPESP and OCW also thanks CNPq for the financial support.

  16. Impact of orbit modeling on DORIS station position and Earth rotation estimates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Štěpánek, Petr; Rodriguez-Solano, Carlos Javier; Hugentobler, Urs; Filler, Vratislav

    2014-04-01

    The high precision of estimated station coordinates and Earth rotation parameters (ERP) obtained from satellite geodetic techniques is based on the precise determination of the satellite orbit. This paper focuses on the analysis of the impact of different orbit parameterizations on the accuracy of station coordinates and the ERPs derived from DORIS observations. In a series of experiments the DORIS data from the complete year 2011 were processed with different orbit model settings. First, the impact of precise modeling of the non-conservative forces on geodetic parameters was compared with results obtained with an empirical-stochastic modeling approach. Second, the temporal spacing of drag scaling parameters was tested. Third, the impact of estimating once-per-revolution harmonic accelerations in cross-track direction was analyzed. And fourth, two different approaches for solar radiation pressure (SRP) handling were compared, namely adjusting SRP scaling parameter or fixing it on pre-defined values. Our analyses confirm that the empirical-stochastic orbit modeling approach, which does not require satellite attitude information and macro models, results for most of the monitored station parameters in comparable accuracy as the dynamical model that employs precise non-conservative force modeling. However, the dynamical orbit model leads to a reduction of the RMS values for the estimated rotation pole coordinates by 17% for x-pole and 12% for y-pole. The experiments show that adjusting atmospheric drag scaling parameters each 30 min is appropriate for DORIS solutions. Moreover, it was shown that the adjustment of cross-track once-per-revolution empirical parameter increases the RMS of the estimated Earth rotation pole coordinates. With recent data it was however not possible to confirm the previously known high annual variation in the estimated geocenter z-translation series as well as its mitigation by fixing the SRP parameters on pre-defined values.

  17. GPS and DORIS evidence for a very slow subsidence of Tahiti Island

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fadil, Abdelali; Barriot, Jean-Pierre; Sichoix, Lydie; Ortéga, Pascal

    2010-05-01

    A decade of GPS (Global Positioning System) and DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) observations were analyzed to monitor the vertical displacement of the Tahiti Island. The local network consisted of co-located two GPS stations (THTI and TAH1) and a DORIS beacon (PAQB). While DORIS weekly series of station positions were computed by the IGN/JPL group (Institut Géographique National and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory) using GIPSY-OASIS II software, two different GPS processing modes were adopted. In the first one, GPS data from 20 IGS (International GPS Service) stations located in and around the Pacific plate were processed using GAMIT-GLOBK software in its standard three-step approach. We estimated station coordinates, tropospheric zenith delays, horizontal gradients, and orbital and earth orientation parameters (EOP) parameters. The regional quasi-observations have been combined with quasi-observations from an analysis of GPS data from over 300 stations performed by the MIT group (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). The GPS solution was realized in a global reference frame by estimating a 14-parameter transformation between our loosely constrained GPS analysis and the known ITRF2005 positions and velocities of 46 IGS stations. In the second one, only THTI and TAH1 data have been reduced with respect to the precise point positioning PPP mode of GIPSY-OASIS II software using the new JPL final clocks and orbits. Each daily solution was aligned to the ITRF2005 reference frame. Solid earth and polar tide corrections following the IERS Conventions 2003, ocean loading corrections using the FES2004 ocean tide model, antenna phase center models, and the Vienna Mapping Fucntion VMF were taken into account in both softwares. Before estimating velocities, time series were cleaned to remove outliers and analyzed for their noise properties, periodic signals and earthquake and antenna jumps. The GPS and DORIS vertical velocity fields

  18. Vertical Crustal Motion Derived from Satellite Altimetry and Tide Gauges, and Comparisons with DORIS Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ray, R. D.; Beckley, B. D.; Lemoine, F. G.

    2010-01-01

    A somewhat unorthodox method for determining vertical crustal motion at a tide-gauge location is to difference the sea level time series with an equivalent time series determined from satellite altimetry, To the extent that both instruments measure an identical ocean signal, the difference will be dominated by vertical land motion at the gauge. We revisit this technique by analyzing sea level signals at 28 tide gauges that are colocated with DORIS geodetic stations. Comparisons of altimeter-gauge vertical rates with DORIS rates yield a median difference of 1.8 mm/yr and a weighted root-mean-square difference of2.7 mm/yr. The latter suggests that our uncertainty estimates, which are primarily based on an assumed AR(l) noise process in all time series, underestimates the true errors. Several sources of additional error are discussed, including possible scale errors in the terrestrial reference frame to which altimeter-gauge rates are mostly insensitive, One of our stations, Male, Maldives, which has been the subject of some uninformed arguments about sea-level rise, is found to have almost no vertical motion, and thus is vulnerable to rising sea levels. Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of COSPAR.

  19. IVS Tropospheric Parameters: Comparison with DORIS and GPS for CONT02

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schuh, Harald; Snajdrova, Kristyna; Boehm, Johannes; Willis, Pascal; Engelhardt, Gerald; Lanotte, Roberto; Tomasi, Paolo; Negusini, Monia; MacMillan, Daniel; Vereshchagina, Iraida

    2004-01-01

    In April 2002 the IVS (International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry) set up the Pilot Project - Tropospheric Parameters, and the Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics (IGG), Vienna, was put in charge of coordinating the project. Seven IVS Analysis Centers have joined the project and regularly submitted their estimates of tropospheric parameters (wet and total zenith delays, horizontal gradients) for all IVS-R1 mid IVS-R4 sessions since January 1st, 2002. The individual submissions are combined by a two-step procedure to obtain stable, robust and highly accurate tropospheric parameter time series with one hour resolution (internal accuracy: 2-4 ram). Starting with July 2003, the combined tropospheric estimates became operational IVS products. In the second half of October 2002 the VLBI campaign CONT02 was observed with 8 stations participating around the globe. At four of them (Gilmore Creek, U.S.A.; Hartebeesthoek, South Africa; Kokee Park, U.S.A.; Ny-Alesund, Norway) also total zenith delays from DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) are available and these estimates are compared with those from the IGS (International GPS Service) and the IVS. The distance from the DORIS beacons to the co-located GPS and VLBI stations is around 2 km or less for the four sites mentioned above.

  20. 50 CFR 80.50 - What activities are eligible for funding under the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... under the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act? 80.50 Section 80.50 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED... SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Eligible Activities § 80.50 What activities are eligible...

  1. Comparison of the reduced dynamical orbit parametrization and precise non-conservative orbit force modeling for DORIS satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stepanek, P.; Rodriguez-Solano, C.; Filler, V.; Hugentobler, U.

    2011-12-01

    The focus of the studies is the analysis of the comparison between two different approaches for LEO satellite orbit estimation employing DORIS measurements. The first one is the reduced-dynamical model, based on the orbit modeling by using the empirical and the pseudo-stochastic parameters. The second approach includes the attitude models and the CNES-developed satellite macromodels, with modeling of non-conservative acceleration, i.e., Sun radiation pressure, Earth radiation pressure and atmospheric drag. Both approaches are used at analysis centers providing DORIS solutions. The reduced-dynamical modeling is currently used by the GOP analysis center, which achieves similar accuracy of the free-network solutions as the other centers utilizing a precise non-conservative force modeling. The GOP works with a modified version of the Bernese GPS Software that has not included the non-conservative modeling. This limitation is now overcome by the new scientific modification of the software, which opens the unique possibility to compare both approaches by using the same software platform. We compare external and internal precision of the estimated orbits. We also analyze the individual satellite free-network DORIS solutions and time-series of derived parameters, i.e., station coordinates, TRF scale, the geocenter variations and the Earth rotation parameters. The studies highlight the main differences in the results that should answer the question whether the modeling of non-conservative forces including the CNES box-wing satellite models actually brings a significant improvement to the DORIS solutions.

  2. The energy localization problem and the renormalized vacuum energy in static Robertson-Walker universes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baym, Selçuk Ş.

    1994-10-01

    We calculate the renormalized quantum vacuum energy inside a spherical boundary for the massless conformal scalar field in curved background Robertson-Walker geometry. We use the mode sum method with an exponential cutoff. In our calculations we do not make assumptions about the exterior geometry or the global topology of the universe.

  3. 4. Photocopied June 1978 R.H. ROBERTSON, PENCIL AND CHARCOAL SKETCH, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Photocopied June 1978 R.H. ROBERTSON, PENCIL AND CHARCOAL SKETCH, LAKE HENDERSON, FROM TAHAWUS CLUB BOAT DOCK. CA. 1914. SOURCE: ARTHUR CROCKER, PRESIDENT OF THE TAHAWUS CLUB. - Adirondack Iron & Steel Company, New Furnace, Hudson River, Tahawus, Essex County, NY

  4. Spatially-Hyperbolic Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe with Potentially Broken Z 2-Symmetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dariescu, Ciprian; Bodnarescu, Adrian; Dariescu, Marina-Aura

    2016-09-01

    For the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) Universe with negative curvature, sustained by a spontaneous Z 2- symmetry breaking scalar field, depending on time alone, we have derived the Einstein-Gordon system of equations. For physically relevant cases, the matter-curvature system have been numerically analyzed.

  5. An Evolving Genetic Architecture Interacts with Hill-Robertson Interference to Determine the Benefit of Sex.

    PubMed

    Whitlock, Alexander O B; Peck, Kayla M; Azevedo, Ricardo B R; Burch, Christina L

    2016-06-01

    Sex is ubiquitous in the natural world, but the nature of its benefits remains controversial. Previous studies have suggested that a major advantage of sex is its ability to eliminate interference between selection on linked mutations, a phenomenon known as Hill-Robertson interference. However, those studies may have missed both important advantages and important disadvantages of sexual reproduction because they did not allow the distributions of mutational effects and interactions (i.e., the genetic architecture) to evolve. Here we investigate how Hill-Robertson interference interacts with an evolving genetic architecture to affect the evolutionary origin and maintenance of sex by simulating evolution in populations of artificial gene networks. We observed a long-term advantage of sex-equilibrium mean fitness of sexual populations exceeded that of asexual populations-that did not depend on population size. We also observed a short-term advantage of sex-sexual modifier mutations readily invaded asexual populations-that increased with population size, as was observed in previous studies. We show that the long- and short-term advantages of sex were both determined by differences between sexual and asexual populations in the evolutionary dynamics of two properties of the genetic architecture: the deleterious mutation rate ([Formula: see text]) and recombination load ([Formula: see text]). These differences resulted from a combination of selection to minimize [Formula: see text] which is experienced only by sexuals, and Hill-Robertson interference experienced primarily by asexuals. In contrast to the previous studies, in which Hill-Robertson interference had only a direct impact on the fitness advantages of sex, the impact of Hill-Robertson interference in our simulations was mediated additionally by an indirect impact on the efficiency with which selection acted to reduce [Formula: see text]. PMID:27098911

  6. Murdered bread, living bread: Doris Grant and the homemade, wholemeal loaf.

    PubMed

    Whipple, Amy C

    2011-06-01

    Doris Grant (1905-2003), a middle-class, British housewife, published numerous books from the 1940s into the 1970s urging her fellow housewives to bake organic, wholemeal bread for their families. This article argues that Grant's arguments defy easy categorization as either 'conservative' or 'progressive'. On the one hand, her targeted appeal to women reflected a traditional, conservative understanding of gender roles: women were, first and foremost, wives and mothers and therefore naturally responsible for family diet and health. On the other hand, Grant also pushed her readers to look beyond their homes and recognize a dangerous food supply system that was impinging on their daily lives. She demanded that her readers reject comfortable complicity in this system and preached the value of individual action in effecting substantive change.

  7. Basal Adare volcanics, Robertson Bay, North Victoria Land, Antarctica: Late Miocene intraplate basalts of subaqueous origin

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mortimer, N.; Dunlap, W.J.; Isaac, M.J.; Sutherland, R.P.; Faure, K.

    2007-01-01

    Late Cenozoic lavas and associated hyaloclastite breccias of the Adare volcanics (Hallett volcanic province) in Robertson Bay, North Victoria Land rest unconformably on Paleozoic greywackes. Abundant hyaloclastite breccias are confined to a paleovalley; their primary geological features, and the stable isotope ratios of secondary minerals, are consistent with eruption in a subaqueous environment with calcite formation probably involving seawater. In contrast, the lavas which stratigraphically overlie the hyaloclastites on Mayr Spur probably were erupted subaerially. K-Ar dating of eight samples from this basal sequence confirms the known older age limit (Late Miocene) of the Hallett volcanic province. Geochemical data reveal an ocean island basalt-like affinity, similar to other Cenozoic igneous rocks of the Hallett volcanic province. If a submarine eruptive paleoenvironment is accepted then there has been net tectonic or isostatic post-Late Miocene uplift of a few hundred metres in the Robertson Bay-Adare Peninsula area

  8. The Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker Big Bang Singularities are Well Behaved

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoica, Ovidiu Cristinel

    2016-01-01

    We show that the Big Bang singularity of the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker model does not raise major problems to General Relativity. We prove a theorem showing that the Einstein equation can be written in a non-singular form, which allows the extension of the spacetime before the Big Bang. The physical interpretation of the fields used is discussed. These results follow from our research on singular semi-Riemannian geometry and singular General Relativity.

  9. Exact solutions to Elko spinors in spatially flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes

    SciTech Connect

    Silva, J.M. Hoff da; Pereira, S.H. E-mail: shpereira@gmail.com

    2014-03-01

    In this paper we present exact solutions to the so-called Elko spinors for three models of expanding universe, namely the de Sitter, linear and the radiation type evolution. The study was restricted to flat, homogeneous and isotropic Friedmann-Robertson-Walker backgrounds. Starting with an Elko spinor we present the solutions for these cases and compare to the case of Dirac spinors. Besides, an attempt to use Elko spinors as a dark energy candidate in the cosmological context is investigated.

  10. Nonintegrability of density perturbations in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stachowiak, Tomasz; Szydłowski, Marek; Maciejewski, Andrzej J.

    2006-03-01

    We investigate the evolution equation of linear density perturbations in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe with matter, radiation and the cosmological constant. The concept of solvability by quadratures is defined and used to prove that there are no "closed form" solutions except for the known Chernin, Heath, Meszaros and simple degenerate ones. The analysis is performed applying Kovacic's algorithm. The possibility of the existence of other, more general solutions involving special functions is also investigated.

  11. Poynting-Robertson drag and solar wind in the space debris problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lhotka, C.; Celletti, A.; Galeş, C.

    2016-07-01

    We analyse the combined effect of Poynting-Robertson and solar-wind drag on space debris. We derive a model within Cartesian, Gaussian and Hamiltonian frameworks. We focus on the geosynchronous resonance, although the results can be easily generalized to any resonance in Medium Earth Orbit and in regions located outside the geostationary ring. By numerical and analytical techniques, we compute the drift in semimajor axis due to Poynting-Robertson and solar-wind drag. After a linear stability analysis of the equilibria, we combine a careful investigation of the regular, resonant, chaotic behaviour of the phase space with a long-term propagation of a sample of initial conditions. The results strongly depend on the value of the area-to-mass ratio of the debris, which might show different dynamical behaviours: temporary capture or escape from the geosynchronous resonance, as well as temporary capture or escape from secondary resonances involving the rate of variation of the longitude of the Sun. Such analysis shows that Poynting-Robertson and solar-wind drag must be taken into account, when looking at the long-term behaviour of space debris. Trapping or escape from the resonance can be used to place the debris in convenient regions of the phase space.

  12. 50 CFR 80.50 - What activities are eligible for funding under the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Eligible Activities § 80.50 What activities are eligible...

  13. DoriC 5.0: an updated database of oriC regions in both bacterial and archaeal genomes.

    PubMed

    Gao, Feng; Luo, Hao; Zhang, Chun-Ting

    2013-01-01

    Replication of chromosomes is one of the central events in the cell cycle. Chromosome replication begins at specific sites, called origins of replication (oriCs), for all three domains of life. However, the origins of replication still remain unknown in a considerably large number of bacterial and archaeal genomes completely sequenced so far. The availability of increasing complete bacterial and archaeal genomes has created challenges and opportunities for identification of their oriCs in silico, as well as in vivo. Based on the Z-curve theory, we have developed a web-based system Ori-Finder to predict oriCs in bacterial genomes with high accuracy and reliability by taking advantage of comparative genomics, and the predicted oriC regions have been organized into an online database DoriC, which is publicly available at http://tubic.tju.edu.cn/doric/ since 2007. Five years after we constructed DoriC, the database has significant advances over the number of bacterial genomes, increasing about 4-fold. Additionally, oriC regions in archaeal genomes identified by in vivo experiments, as well as in silico analyses, have also been added to the database. Consequently, the latest release of DoriC contains oriCs for >1500 bacterial genomes and 81 archaeal genomes, respectively.

  14. DORIS downstream service: a support to civil defence autorithies in landslides and subsidence risk management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciampalini, A.; Del Ventisette, C.; Moretti, S.; Manunta, M.; Calò, F.; Paglia, L.; Ardizzone, F.; Guzzetti, F.; Rossi, M.; Bellotti, F.; Colombo, D.; Strozzi, T.; Wegmuller, U.; Mora, O.; Sanches, F.

    2012-04-01

    DORIS is an advanced FP7-EU project for the design of a pre-operational advanced downstream service aimed at detecting, mapping, monitoring and forecasting surface deformations, including landslides and ground subsidence, by exploiting multiple Earth Observation (EO) and ground-based (non-EO) data technologies. Ground deformations are the result of a variety of natural and human-induced causes and triggers. These phenomena are frequent and widespread in Europe, causing extensive economic damage to private properties and public assets and their social impact is relevant. In Europe, the large number of areas affected by ground deformations, the frequency and extent of the triggering events, the extent of the impact and the magnitude of the damage, make it mandatory a multiscale, systemic approach. Further, the complexity and extent of the problem is such that it cannot be tackled (and solved) at an individual, site-specific scale, or using a single technique or methodology. The problem can be approached only through the integration of data and information taken at different scales, and with the collaborative efforts of multiple expertise. With this respect, the several satellite sensors now available, including about forty passive - optical - sensors and nine active - synthetic aperture radar (SAR) - sensors, provide valuable technological alternatives to traditional methods and tools to detect, map, monitor and forecast ground deformations over large areas and with the required accuracy. The temporal continuity and the geometric compatibility among time series of ERS-1, ERS-2 and ENVISAT data represents an unprecedented opportunity to generate very long time series of ground deformations. This provides exclusive information for an improved understanding of the long term behavior of slow and very-slow ground deformation phenomena. In this context, DORIS intends to exploit the extensive catalogues of multiple C-band SAR sensors to provide, via a joint analysis

  15. Local inhomogeneities in a Robertson-Walker background. I. General framework

    SciTech Connect

    Lake, K.

    1980-09-15

    A complete generalization of the ''Swiss cheese'' type of locally inhomogeneous cosmologies is given. Neither the explicity form of the spherically symmetric interior metric nor the spatial curvature and equation of state of the Robertson-Walker background is restricted a priori. The history, mass, and mass growth rate of any timelike inhomogeneity is developed in terms of a single function characteristic of the inhomogeneity. Recent results which have generalized the standard ''Swiss cheese'' case of a Vaidra interior metric follow immediately from the framework given here.

  16. Corrections to Hawking-like radiation for a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Tao; Ren, Ji-Rong

    2009-07-01

    Recently, a Hamilton-Jacobi method beyond the semiclassical approximation in black hole physics was developed by Banerjee and Majhi. We generalize their analysis of black holes to the case of a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universe. It is shown that all the higher order quantum corrections in the single particle action are proportional to the usual semiclassical contribution. The corrections to the Hawking-like temperature and entropy of the apparent horizon for the FRW universe are also obtained. In the corrected entropy, the area law involves a logarithmic area correction together with the standard term with the inverse power of the area.

  17. The Solar Poynting-Robertson Effect On Particles Orbiting Solar System Bodies: Circular Orbits

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rubincam, David P.

    2013-01-01

    The Poynting-Robertson effect from sunlight impinging directly on a particle which orbits a Solar System body (planet, asteroid, comet) is considered from the Sun's rest frame. There appear to be no significant first-order terms in V(sub b)/c for circular orbits, where V(sub b) is the body's speed in its orbit about the Sun and c is the speed of light, when the particle's orbital semimajor axis is much smaller than the body's orbital semimajor axis about the Sun as is mainly the case in the Solar System.

  18. Dynamical Invariants and Robertson-Schroedinger Correlated States of Electromagnetic Field in Nonstationary Linear Media

    SciTech Connect

    Trifonov, Dimitar A.; Angelow, Andrey K.

    2011-04-07

    Dynamical invariants and statistical properties of the quantized electromagnetic field in nonstationary linear media (dielectric and/or conductive) are considered in the framework of Choi-Yeon quantization scheme. It is shown that in the eigenstates of linear dynamical invariant the Robertson-Schroedinger uncertainty relation is minimized, both for the photon annihilation operator quadratures and for the electric and magnetic field components. The time evolution of initial Glauber coherent states and Fock (photon number) states is considered. On an initial coherent state the medium conductivity and the time-dependent electric permeability both are shown to act as squeezing and correlating factors.

  19. Demonstration of the use of the Doppler Orbitography and Radio positioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS) measurements to validate GPS ionospheric imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Ping; Mitchell, Cathryn N.

    2011-08-01

    There is a lack of independent ionospheric data that can be used to validate GPS imaging results at mid latitudes over severe storm times. Doppler Orbitography and Radio positioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS), a global network of dual-frequency ground to satellite observations, provides this missing data and here is employed as verification to show the accuracy of the ionospheric GPS images in terms of the total electron content (TEC). In this paper, the large-scale ionospheric structures that appeared during the strong geomagnetic storm of 20 November 2003 are reconstructed with a GPS tomographic algorithm, known as MIDAS, and validated with DORIS TEC measurements. The main trough shown in an extreme equatorward position in the ionospheric imaging over mainland Europe is confirmed by DORIS satellite measurements. Throughout the disturbed day, the variations of relative slant TECs between DORIS data and MIDAS results agree quite well, with the average of the mean differences about 2 TECu. We conclude that as a valuable supplement to GPS data, DORIS ionospheric measurements can be used to analyse TEC variations with a relatively high resolution, ˜10 s in time and tens of kilometres in space. This will be very helpful for identification of some highly dynamic structures in the ionosphere found at mid-latitudes, such as the main trough, TID (Travelling Ionospheric Disturbances) and SED (Storm Enhanced Density), and could be used as a valuable auxiliary data source in ionospheric imaging.

  20. Association between cholecystokinin type A receptor haplotypes and growth traits in Japanese Hinai-dori crossbred chickens.

    PubMed

    Rikimaru, Kazuhiro; Komatsu, Megumi; Suzuki, Keiichi; Uemoto, Yoshinobu; Takeda, Hisato; Takahashi, Hideaki

    2012-04-01

    We previously identified quantitative trait loci for body weight and average daily gain in a common region between MCW0240 (chr 4: 69.9 Mb) and ABR0622 (chr 4: 86.3 Mb) on chicken chromosome 4 in an F(2) resource population produced by crossing low- and high-growth lines of the Hinai-dori breed. Cholecystokinin type A receptor (CCKAR) is a candidate gene affecting growth traits in the region. In this study, we genotyped polymorphisms of the CCKAR gene and investigated its association with growth traits in a Hinai-dori F(2) intercross population. All the exons of the CCKAR gene in the parental population were subjected to PCR amplification, nucleotide sequenced and haplotypes identified. To distinguish resultant diplotype individuals in the F(2) population, a mismatch amplification mutation assay was performed. Five haplotypes (Haplotypes 1-5) were accordingly identified. Six genotypes produced by the combination of three haplotypes (Haplotype 1, 3, and 4) were examined in order to identify associations between CCKAR haplotypes and growth traits. The data indicate that Haplotype 1 was superior to Haplotype 3 and 4 in body weight at 10 and 14 weeks of age, average daily gain between 4 and 10 weeks, 10 and 14 weeks, and 0 and 14 weeks of age. It was concluded that CCKAR is a useful marker of growth traits and could be used to develop strategies for improving growth traits in the Hinai-dori breed. PMID:21947885

  1. Evolutionary optimum for male sexual traits characterized using the multivariate Robertson-Price Identity.

    PubMed

    Delcourt, Matthieu; Blows, Mark W; Aguirre, J David; Rundle, Howard D

    2012-06-26

    Phenotypes tend to remain relatively constant in natural populations, suggesting a limit to trait evolution. Although stationary phenotypes suggest stabilizing selection, directional selection is more commonly reported. However, selection on phenotypes will have no evolutionary consequence if the traits do not genetically covary with fitness, a covariance known as the Robertson-Price Identity. The nature of this genetic covariance determines if phenotypes will evolve directionally or whether they reside at an evolutionary optimum. Here, we show how a set of traits can be shown to be under net stabilizing selection through an application of the multivariate Robertson-Price Identity. We characterize how a suite of male sexual displays genetically covaries with fitness in a population of Drosophila serrata. Despite strong directional sexual selection on these phenotypes directly and significant genetic variance in them, little genetic covariance was detected with overall fitness. Instead, genetic analysis of trait deviations showed substantial stabilizing selection on the genetic variance of these traits with respect to overall fitness, indicating that they reside at an evolutionary optimum. In the presence of widespread pleiotropy, stabilizing selection on focal traits will arise through the net effects of selection on other, often unmeasured, traits and will tend to be stronger on trait combinations than single traits. Such selection may be difficult to detect in phenotypic analyses if the environmental covariance between the traits and fitness obscures the underlying genetic associations. The genetic analysis of trait deviations provides a way of detecting the missing stabilizing selection inferred by recent metaanalyses.

  2. The Capture of Interstellar Dust: The Pure Poynting-Robertson Case

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jackson, A. A.

    2001-01-01

    Ulysses and Galileo spacecraft have discovered interstellar dust particles entering the solar system. In general, particles trajectories not altered by Lorentz forces or radiation pressure should encounter the sun on open orbits. Under Newtonian forces alone these particles return to the interstellar medium. Dissipative forces, such as Poynting Robertson (PR) and corpuscular drag and non-dissipative Lorentz forces can modify open orbits to become closed. In particular, it is possible for the orbits of particles that pass close to the Sun to become closed due to PR drag. Further, solar irradiation will cause modification of the size of the dust particle by evaporation. The combination of these processes gives rise a class of capture orbits and bound orbits with evaporation. Considering only the case of pure PR drag a minimum impact parameter is derived for initial capture by Poynting-Robertson drag. Orbits in the solar radiation field are computed numerically accounting for evaporation with optical and material properties for ideal interstellar particles modeled. The properties of this kind of particle capture are discussed for the Sun but is applicable to other stars.

  3. Atmospheric gradients from GNSS, VLBI, and DORIS analyses and from Numerical Weather Models during CONT14

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heinkelmann, Robert; Dick, Galina; Nilsson, Tobias; Soja, Benedikt; Wickert, Jens; Zus, Florian; Schuh, Harald

    2015-04-01

    Observations from space-geodetic techniques are nowadays increasingly used to derive atmospheric information for various commercial and scientific applications. A prominent example is the operational use of GNSS data to improve global and regional weather forecasts, which was started in 2006. Atmosphere gradients describe the azimuthal asymmetry of zenith delays. Estimates of geodetic and other parameters significantly improve when atmosphere gradients are determined in addition. Here we assess the capability of several space geodetic techniques (GNSS, VLBI, DORIS) to determine atmosphere gradients of refractivity. For this purpose we implement and compare various strategies for gradient estimation, such as different values for the temporal resolution and the corresponding parameter constraints. Applying least squares estimation the gradients are usually deterministically modelled as constants or piece-wise linear functions. In our study we compare this approach with a stochastic approach modelling atmosphere gradients as random walk processes and applying a Kalman Filter for parameter estimation. The gradients, derived from space geodetic techniques are verified by comparison with those derived from Numerical Weather Models (NWM). These model data were generated using raytracing calculations based on European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) and National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) analyses with different spatial resolutions. The investigation of the differences between the ECMWF and NCEP gradients hereby in addition allow for an empirical assessment of the quality of model gradients and how suitable the NWM data are for verification. CONT14 (2014-05-06 until 2014-05-20) is the youngest two week long continuous VLBI campaign carried out by IVS (International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry). It presents the state-of-the-art VLBI performance in terms of number of stations and number of observations and presents thus an

  4. Time Variable Gravity from Weekly Solutions from 1993 to 2010 using SLR and DORIS data and Comparisons with GRACE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chinn, D. S.; Lemoine, F. G.; Le Bail, K.; Luthcke, S. B.; Zelensky, N. P.; Rowlands, D. D.; Sabaka, T. J.

    2010-12-01

    GRACE has been routinely monitoring the time-variable gravity field of the Earth since 2003 with either periodic solutions expressed as spherical harmonics or mascons. GRACE can resolve time-variable gravity to between degree 40 and 60, however the time series may be interrupted prior to the launch of a GRACE-2 spacecraft. A suite of satellites tracked by SLR, DORIS and also GPS has been in orbit for many years, and with these satellites it is possible to construct a time series of low degree spherical harmonics over several decades. We have recently reprocessed SLR and DORIS data from 1993 to 2010 using ITRF2008 and have developed weekly solutions based on SLR data to Lageos1, Lageos2, Starlette, Stella, Ajisai, Larets, TOPEX/Poseidon, Envisat, the SPOT satellites, and Jason-2. The new C20 solutions compare favorably to independent SLR solutions, however the annual amplitude in the SLR solutions is greater than in the annual amplitude of the C20 recoveries from GRACE-derived solutions. For non-zonal low degree coefficients, the GRACE and SLR time series seem in reasonable agreement over the time period where the data are in common. We summarize the current status of the processing, and the quality of the solutions that have been obtained thus far, and provide a perspective on future work that remains to be done.

  5. Supersymmetry: proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Brennan, E.C.

    1985-07-01

    Some lectures in these proceedings examine the theoretical basis for supersymmetry, recent developments in theories with compact dimensions, and experimental searches for supersymmetric signatures. Technologies are explored for obtaining very high energy electron-positron colliding beams. Separate abstracts were prepared for 35 papers in these conference proceedings. (LEW)

  6. Finding revelation in anthropology: Alexander Winchell, William Robertson Smith and the heretical imperative.

    PubMed

    Livingstone, David N

    2015-09-01

    Anthropological inquiry has often been considered an agent of intellectual secularization. Not least is this so in the sphere of religion, where anthropological accounts have often been taken to represent the triumph of naturalism. This metanarrative, however, fails to recognize that naturalistic explanations could sometimes be espoused for religious purposes and in defence of confessional creeds. This essay examines two late nineteenth-century figures--Alexander Winchell in the United States and William Robertson Smith in Britain--who found in anthropological analysis resources to bolster rather than undermine faith. In both cases these individuals found themselves on the receiving end of ecclesiastical censure and were dismissed from their positions at church-governed institutions. But their motivation was to vindicate divine revelation, in Winchell's case from the physical anthropology of human origins and in Smith's from the cultural anthropology of Semitic ritual.

  7. The ubiquitous ostracode Darwinula stevensoni (Brady and Robertson, 1870), redescription of the species and lectotype designation.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sohn, I.G.

    1987-01-01

    Darwinula stevensoni (Brady and Robertson 1870) is the type species of Darwinula, the ubiquitous living and fossil nonmarine nominate genus of the Darwinulidae and the Darwinulacea. To date, the additional families Darwinuloididae (fossil), Microdarwinulidae (living and fossil), Panxianidae (fossil), and Suchonellidae (fossil) have been referred to the Darwinulacea. A type specimen for D. stevensoni has not been previously designated. In order to stabilize the species, a lectotype is selected from the type series in the Brady collection at The Hancock Museum, Newcastle upon Tyne. The species is redescribed and reillustrated based on the study of the carapace of a paralectotype and also of valves and appendages of specimens from both England and the United States. Living species of Darwinula have a cosmopolitan distribution in fresh and brackish water. Fossil Darwinulacea, documented in the Carboniferous, serve as indicators of continental Paleozoic to Holocene deposits. - Author

  8. On the integrability of Friedmann Robertson Walker models with conformally coupled massive scalar fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coelho, L. A. A.; Skea, J. E. F.; Stuchi, T. J.

    2008-02-01

    In this paper, we use a nonintegrability theorem by Morales and Ramis to analyse the integrability of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological models with a conformally coupled massive scalar field. We answer the long-standing question of whether these models with a vanishing cosmological constant and non-self-interacting scalar field are integrable: by applying Kovacic's algorithm to the normal variational equations, we prove analytically and rigorously that these equations and, consequently, the Hamiltonians are nonintegrable. We then address the models with a self-interacting massive scalar field and cosmological constant and show that, with the exception of a set of measure zero, the models are nonintegrable. For the spatially curved cases, we prove that there are no additional integrable cases other than those identified in the previous work based on the non-rigorous Painlevé analysis. In our study of the spatially flat model, we explicitly obtain a new possibly integrable case.

  9. A note on the horseshoe confinement model: The Poynting-Robertson effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giuliatti Winter, S. M.; Winter, O. C.; Guimar aes, A. H. F.

    2004-05-01

    In the present work we numerically simulated the motion of particles coorbital to a small satellite under the Poynting-Robertson light drag effect in order to verify the symmetry suggested by Dermott et al. (\\cite{Dermott79}, \\cite{Dermott80}) on their ring confinement model. The results reveal a more complex scenario, especially for very small particles (micrometer sizes), which present chaotic motion. Despite the complexity of the trajectories the particles remain confined inside the coorbital region. However, the dissipative force caused by the solar radiation also includes the radiation pressure component which can change this configuration. Our results show that the inclusion of the radiation pressure, which is not present in the original confinement model, can destroy the configuration in a time much shorter than the survival time predicted for a dust particle in a horseshoe orbit with a satellite.

  10. Effects of field interactions upon particle creation in Robertson-Walker universes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Birrell, N. D.; Davies, P. C. W.; Ford, L. H.

    1980-01-01

    Particle creation due to field interactions in an expanding Robertson-Walker universe is investigated. A model in which pseudoscalar mesons and photons are created as a result of their mutual interaction is considered, and the energy density of created particles is calculated in model universes which undergo a bounce at some maximum curvature. The free-field creation of non-conformally coupled scalar particles and of gravitons is calculated in the same space-times. It is found that if the bounce occurs at a sufficiently early time the interacting particle creation will dominate. This result may be traced to the fact that the model interaction chosen introduces a length scale which is much larger than the Planck length.

  11. Uniqueness of complete maximal hypersurfaces in spatially open (n+1)-dimensional Robertson-Walker spacetimes with flat fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pelegrín, José A. S.; Romero, Alfonso; Rubio, Rafael M.

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, under natural geometric and physical assumptions we provide new uniqueness and non-existence results for complete maximal hypersurfaces in spatially open Robertson-Walker spacetimes whose fiber is flat. Moreover, our results are applied to relevant spacetimes as the steady state spacetime, Einstein-de Sitter spacetime and radiation models.

  12. 50 CFR 80.50 - What activities are eligible for funding under the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Eligible Activities § 80.50 What activities...

  13. Update of the South-Atlantic Anomaly corrective model for JASON-1 DORIS data using the maps of energetic particles from the CARMEN dosimeter onboard JASON-2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capdeville, Hugues; Lemoine, Jean-Michel

    2015-04-01

    The sensitivity of the ultra stable oscillator (USO) of DORIS/Jason-1 to the high energy protons trapped in the Van Allen belts is now well known. This sensitivity causes a fluctuation of the frequency when the satellite crosses the area of the South-Atlantic Anomaly (SAA). The principal consequence is the impossibility of using the measurements of the DORIS beacons located in the SAA area for cm-precision positioning since the real frequency of the on-board oscillator is varying rapidly in that area. Moreover, these DORIS measurements do not contribute (or little) to the determination of the orbit of Jason-1 because they are eliminated during the pre-processing on residuals criteria. To correct for this sensitivity to the effects of solar radiation, a model of the frequency evolution of the USO was designed and validated by Lemoine and Capdeville in 2006. This model allows a significant improvement in the orbit adjustment. It takes into account the geographical characteristics of the SAA region (1x1 degree SAA grid) as well as the parameters of the USO's response to this external stimulation: an amplitude, a relaxation time-constant and a memory effect of the SAA disturbance. In the framework of the IDS contribution to the new realization of ITRF, the Jason-1 DORIS data from the end of TOPEX' life (November 2004) to the launch of Jason-2 (July 2008) have been used, corrected by this model. The corrected DORIS data have been provided to the data center for the use of the IDS Analysis Centers. The Jason-2 satellite carries a dosimeter instrument (CARMEN). The purpose here is to take the advantage of this instrument to improve our SAA corrective model by using the maps of energetic particles provided by CARMEN. First, a correlation study between the SAA DORIS grid and the CARMEN maps has been done to determine the dosimeter map which has the best agreement. Then, this map is used to calculate the others parameters of the model. The new model will be used to correct

  14. Rigidity of Nubia and Kinematics of the Ear from Combined GPS and DORIS Solutions: Implication to Afref

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saria, E. E.; Calais, E.; Altamimi, Z.; Willis, P.; Stamps, D. S.; Fernandes, R. M.; Farah, H.

    2012-12-01

    The African continent, in spite of its large extent and its on-land plate boundaries in northern and eastern Africa, still misses a continent-wide and well-defined reference frame for both surveying and geophysical applications. As a result, our understanding of the kinematics of its major plate boundaries remains limited. Here we analyzed 16 years of GPS and 17 years of DORIS data at continuously operating geodetic sites distributed in Africa to describe the present-day kinematics of the Nubian plate and constrain relative motions across the East African Rift (EAR). The resulting velocity field describes horizontal and vertical motions at more than 120 GPS and 9 DORIS sites. Velocities at sites located on stable Nubia fit a single rigid plate motion model with a weighted root mean squares residual of 0.6 mm/yr. We find no detectable residual motion within Nubia at a 95% confidence level, including in the seismically active southern Africa and Cameroon volcanic line. We confirm significant motion (~1.5 mm/yr) in Morocco with respect to Nubia, consistent with earlier findings. We propose an updated angular velocity for the divergence between Nubia and Somalia, which provides the kinematic boundary conditions to rifting in East Africa. We updated the present-day kinematics of the Somalian plate and propose, for the first time, a plate motion model for the East African Rift (Victoria and Rovuma microplates) that is based on space geodetic data alone. Vertical velocities range from -2 to +2 mm/yr, close to their uncertainties, with no clear geographic pattern. This study provides the first continent-wide position/velocity solution for Africa, expressed in ITRF2008, a contribution to the upcoming African Reference Frame (AFREF).

  15. METAL ACCRETION ONTO WHITE DWARFS CAUSED BY POYNTING-ROBERTSON DRAG ON THEIR DEBRIS DISKS

    SciTech Connect

    Rafikov, Roman R.

    2011-05-01

    Recent discoveries of compact (sizes {approx}Robertson (PR) drag on the debris disk is effective at providing metal accretion rate M-dot{sub PR}{approx}10{sup 8} g s{sup -1} and higher, scaling quadratically with WD effective temperature. We compare our results with observations and show that, as expected, no WD hosting a particulate debris disk shows evidence of metal accretion rate below that produced by the PR drag. Existence of WDs accreting metals at rates significantly higher than M-dot{sub PR} suggests that another mechanism in addition to the PR drag drives accretion of high-Z elements in these systems.

  16. Poynting Robertson Battery and the Chiral Magnetic Fields of AGN Jets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kazanas, Demosthenes

    2010-01-01

    We propose that the magnetic fields in the accretion disks of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are generated by azimuthal electric currents due to the difference between the plasma electron and ion velocities that arises when the electrons are retarded by interactions with the AGN photons (the Poynting Robertson battery). This process provides a unique relation between the polarity of the poloidal B field to the angular velocity Omega of the accretion disk (B is parallel to Omega), a relation absent in the more popular dynamo B-field generation. This then leads to a unique direction for the toroidal B field induced by disk rotation. Observations of the toroidal fields of 29 AGN jets revealed by parsec-scale Faraday rotation measurements show a clear asymmetry that is consistent with this model, with the probability that this asymmetry comes about by chance being approx.0.06 %. This lends support to the hypothesis that the universe is seeded by B fields that are generated in AGNs via this mechanism and subsequently injected into intergalactic space by the jet outflows.

  17. Physical basis for the symmetries in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melia, Fulvio

    2016-08-01

    Modern cosmological theory is based on the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) metric. Often written in terms of co-moving coordinates, this well-known solution to Einstein's equations owes its elegant and highly practical formulation to the cosmological principle and Weyl's postulate, upon which it is founded. However, there is physics behind such symmetries, and not all of it has yet been recognized. In this paper, we derive the FRW metric coefficients from the general form of the spherically symmetric line element and demonstrate that, because the co-moving frame also happens to be in free fall, the symmetries in FRW are valid only for a medium with zero active mass. In other words, the spacetime of a perfect fluid in cosmology may be correctly written as FRW only when its equation of state is ρ+3 p = 0, in terms of the total pressure p and total energy density ρ. There is now compelling observational support for this conclusion, including the Alcock-Paczýnski test, which shows that only an FRW cosmology with zero active mass is consistent with the latest model-independent baryon acoustic oscillation data.

  18. Corrected entropy of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe in tunneling method

    SciTech Connect

    Zhu, Tao; Ren, Ji-Rong; Li, Ming-Fan E-mail: renjr@lzu.edu.cn

    2009-08-01

    In this paper, we study the thermodynamic quantities of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universe by using the tunneling formalism beyond semiclassical approximation developed by Banerjee and Majhi [25]. For this we first calculate the corrected Hawking-like temperature on apparent horizon by considering both scalar particle and fermion tunneling. With this corrected Hawking-like temperature, the explicit expressions of the corrected entropy of apparent horizon for various gravity theories including Einstein gravity, Gauss-Bonnet gravity, Lovelock gravity, f(R) gravity and scalar-tensor gravity, are computed. Our results show that the corrected entropy formula for different gravity theories can be written into a general expression (4.39) of a same form. It is also shown that this expression is also valid for black holes. This might imply that the expression for the corrected entropy derived from tunneling method is independent of gravity theory, spacetime and dimension of the spacetime. Moreover, it is concluded that the basic thermodynamical property that the corrected entropy on apparent horizon is a state function is satisfied by the FRW universe.

  19. Stable motions of charged dust grains subject to solar wind, Poynting-Robertson drag, and the mean interplanetary magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lhotka, Christoph; Bourdin, Philippe; Narita, Yasuhito

    2016-10-01

    We investigate the combined effect of solar wind, Poynting-Robertson drag, and the frozen-in interplanetary magnetic field on the motion of charged dust grains in our solar system. It is generally accepted that the combined effects of solar wind and photon absorption and re-emmision (Poynting-Robertson drag) lead to a decrease in semi-major axis on secular time scales. On the contrary, we demonstrate that the interplanetary magnetic field may counteract these drag forces under certain circumstances. We derive a simple relation between the parameters of the magnetic field, the physical properties of the dust grain as well as the shape and orientation of the orbital ellipse of the particle, which is a necessary conditions for the stabilization in semi-major axis.

  20. Gaussian approximation of lambdaphi/sup 4/ theory in (3+1)-dimensional spatially flat Robertson-Walker space

    SciTech Connect

    Pohle, H.

    1989-03-15

    We investigate lambdaphi/sup 4/ theory within the Gaussian approximation in spatially flat Robertson-Walker space in 3+1 dimensions. After having performed an adiabatic expansion for one of the ansatz functions, we find that the renormalization of the energy-momentum tensor provides two additional constraints which have to be satisfied by the bare couplings. These conditions force the theory to be trivial after renormalization.

  1. Class of solutions of the Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vieira, H. S.; Bezerra, V. B.

    2016-07-01

    We show that the solutions of the Wheeler-DeWitt equation in a homogeneous and isotropic universe are given by triconfluent Heun functions for the spatially closed, flat, and open geometries of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe filled with different forms of energy. In a matter-dominated universe, we find the polynomial solution and the energy density spectrum. In the cases of radiation-dominated and vacuum universes, there are no polynomial solutions as shown.

  2. The exploitation of large archives of space-borne C-band SAR data in the framework of FP7-DORIS Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Del Ventisette, Chiara; Ciampalini, Andrea

    2013-04-01

    DORIS (Ground Deformations Risk Scenarios: an Advanced Assessment Service) is an advanced downstream service project within the seventh Framework Programme of the European Commission. A European team was set up in order to make the best views of the most advanced research and technologies outcomes in the field of Earth Observation (EO) for the improvement of risk management. The aim of the DORIS project is the development of new methodologies for the detection, mapping, monitoring and forecasting of ground deformations. DORIS integrates traditional and innovative EO and ground based (non-EO) data to improve our understanding of the complex phenomena at different temporal and spatial scales and in various physiographic and environmental settings that result in ground deformations, including landslides and ground subsidence, for civil protection purposes. One of the goal of the Doris Project is the exploitation of the large data archives for geohazards mapping. In this work the existing ESA Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) archives, operating in the microwave C-band (data collected by the ERS-1/2 and ENVISAT satellite) were analysed through new algorithms developed to reconstruct long time series (almost 20 years) and the obtained preliminary results are presented. The algorithms are based on Small BAseline Subset technique (SBAS; developed by CNR-IREA), ERS- ENVISAT Stitching (T.R.E.), Stable Point Network (SPN; Altamira) and ERS-ENVISAT Interferometric Point Target Analysis (IPTA; Gamma). The potentiality of these algorithms were evaluate in selected test sites characterized by different ground deformation phenomena (landslide and/or subsidence): i) Central Umbria (Italy); ii) Messina Province (Italy); iii) Rácalmás (Hungary); iv) Silesian Coal Basin (Poland); v) Tramuntana Range (Mallorca, Spain) and vi) St. Moritz (Switzerland). The results demonstrate the usefulness of the implemented algorithms, but in some cases there is a loss of the coherent points

  3. Mapping Glacial Weathering Processes with Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing: A Case Study at Robertson Glacier, Canada

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rutledge, A. M.; Christensen, P. R.; Shock, E.; Canovas, P. A., III

    2014-12-01

    Geologic weathering processes in cold environments, especially subglacial chemical processes acting on rock and sediment, are not well characterized due to the difficulty of accessing these environments. Glacial weathering of geologic materials contributes to the solute flux in meltwater and provides a potential source of energy to chemotrophic microbes, and is thus an important component to understand. In this study, we use Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data to map the extent of glacial weathering in the front range of the Canadian Rockies using remotely detected infrared spectra. We ground-truth our observations using laboratory infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and geochemical analyses of field samples. The major goals of the project are to quantify weathering inputs to the glacial energy budget, and to link in situ sampling with remote sensing capabilities. Robertson Glacier, Alberta, Canada is an excellent field site for this technique as it is easily accessible and its retreating stage allows sampling of fresh subglacial and englacial sediments. Infrared imagery of the region was collected with the ASTER satellite instrument. At that same time, samples of glacially altered rock and sediments were collected on a downstream transect of the glacier and outwash plain. Infrared laboratory spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction were used to determine the composition and abundance of minerals present. Geochemical data were also collected at each location, and ice and water samples were analyzed for major and minor elements. Our initial conclusion is that the majority of the weathering seems to be occurring at the glacier-rock interface rather than in the outwash stream. Results from both laboratory and ASTER data indicate the presence of leached weathering rinds. A general trend of decreasing carbonate abundances with elevation (i.e. residence time in ice) is observed, which is consistent with increasing calcium ion

  4. Adaptive Evolution Is Substantially Impeded by Hill-Robertson Interference in Drosophila.

    PubMed

    Castellano, David; Coronado-Zamora, Marta; Campos, Jose L; Barbadilla, Antonio; Eyre-Walker, Adam

    2016-02-01

    Hill-Robertson interference (HRi) is expected to reduce the efficiency of natural selection when two or more linked selected sites do not segregate freely, but no attempt has been done so far to quantify the overall impact of HRi on the rate of adaptive evolution for any given genome. In this work, we estimate how much HRi impedes the rate of adaptive evolution in the coding genome of Drosophila melanogaster. We compiled a data set of 6,141 autosomal protein-coding genes from Drosophila, from which polymorphism levels in D. melanogaster and divergence out to D. yakuba were estimated. The rate of adaptive evolution was calculated using a derivative of the McDonald-Kreitman test that controls for slightly deleterious mutations. We find that the rate of adaptive amino acid substitution at a given position of the genome is positively correlated to both the rate of recombination and the mutation rate, and negatively correlated to the gene density of the region. These correlations are robust to controlling for each other, for synonymous codon bias and for gene functions related to immune response and testes. We show that HRi diminishes the rate of adaptive evolution by approximately 27%. Interestingly, genes with low mutation rates embedded in gene poor regions lose approximately 17% of their adaptive substitutions whereas genes with high mutation rates embedded in gene rich regions lose approximately 60%. We conclude that HRi hampers the rate of adaptive evolution in Drosophila and that the variation in recombination, mutation, and gene density along the genome affects the HRi effect.

  5. The structure and origin of Prydz Bay and MacRobertson Shelf, East Antarctica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stagg, H. M. J.

    1985-04-01

    A marine geophysical survey in early 1982, conducted by the Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources, indicated that much of Prydz Bay is underlain by a sedimentary basin. Severe seismic multiples preclude an accurate estimate of total sediment thickness, but interpretation of the seismic and magnetic data suggest that it is probably at least 5 km. The trends of the southeast basin margin and of mild faulting and folding in the southwest indicate an overall NNE trend, roughly orthogonal to the continental margin. In the south of Prydz Bay, two series of seismic sequences are evident, separated by a mildly erosional unconformity. The lower series ranges from poorly- to well-stratified, has minor folding and faulting, and probably derives from continental and perhaps shallow marine pre-breakup sediments. The upper series is generally well-stratified, and prograded near the shelf edge; it probably represents shallow marine post-breakup sediments. The seabed is distinctly unconformable with the underlying sediments, implying both that much of the upper series sediments and some of the lower series sediments have been bulldozed off by advances of the Amery Ice Shelf, and that present sedimentation rates are very low. Possible thin moraines or tillites in the northeast part of the Prydz Bay are also attributed to these glacial advances. The continental slope and rise sedimentary section ranges from at least 3 km thick off Prydz Bay, to thin off the MacRobertson Shelf to the west, reflecting the more prolific sediment source in Prydz Bay. The deep water section includes several seismic sequences, the most distinctive being interpreted as sheet volcanics and turbidite fans. The deepest visible unconformity is locally strongly faulted and may separate the pre-breakup and post-breakup sediments. Indo-Antarctic breakup has been tentatively dated as Early Neocomian (130 Ma) and the E-W orientation of the resultant Antarctic coast invites interpretation of the Lambert Glacier

  6. Comment on 'Quantization of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes in the presence of a negative cosmological constant and radiation'

    SciTech Connect

    Amore, Paolo; Aranda, Alfredo; Cervantes, Mayra; Diaz-Cruz, J. L.; Fernandez, Francisco M.

    2007-03-15

    The quantization of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime in the presence of a negative cosmological constant was used in a recent paper to conclude that there are solutions that avoid singularities (big bang-big crunch) at the quantum level. We show that a proper study of their model does not indicate that it prevents the occurrence of singularities at the quantum level, in fact the quantum probability of such event is larger than the classical one. Our numerical simulations based on the powerful variational sinc collocation method (VSCM) also show that the precision of the results of that paper is much lower than the 20 significant digits reported by the authors.

  7. On the initial value problem for the wave equation in Friedmann-Robertson-Walker space-times.

    PubMed

    Abbasi, Bilal; Craig, Walter

    2014-09-01

    The propagator W(t0,t1)(g,h) for the wave equation in a given space-time takes initial data (g(x),h(x)) on a Cauchy surface {(t,x) : t=t0} and evaluates the solution (u(t1,x),∂ tu(t1,x)) at other times t1. The Friedmann-Robertson-Walker space-times are defined for t0,t1>0, whereas for t0→0, there is a metric singularity. There is a spherical means representation for the general solution of the wave equation with the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background metric in the three spatial dimensional cases of curvature K=0 and K=-1 given by S. Klainerman and P. Sarnak. We derive from the expression of their representation three results about the wave propagator for the Cauchy problem in these space-times. First, we give an elementary proof of the sharp rate of time decay of solutions with compactly supported data. Second, we observe that the sharp Huygens principle is not satisfied by solutions, unlike in the case of three-dimensional Minkowski space-time (the usual Huygens principle of finite propagation speed is satisfied, of course). Third, we show that for 00 emanating from the space-time singularity at t=0. Under reflection t→-t, the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric gives a space-time metric for t<0 with a singular future at t=0, and the same solution formulae hold. We thus have constructed solutions u(t,x) of the wave equation in Friedmann-Robertson-Walker space-times which exist for all [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text], where in conformally regularized coordinates, these solutions are continuous through the singularity t=0 of space-time, taking on specified data u(0,⋅)=g(⋅) at the singular time.

  8. On the initial value problem for the wave equation in Friedmann-Robertson-Walker space-times.

    PubMed

    Abbasi, Bilal; Craig, Walter

    2014-09-01

    The propagator W(t 0,t 1)(g,h) for the wave equation in a given space-time takes initial data (g(x),h(x)) on a Cauchy surface {(t,x) : t=t 0} and evaluates the solution (u(t 1,x),∂ t u(t 1,x)) at other times t 1. The Friedmann-Robertson-Walker space-times are defined for t 0,t 1>0, whereas for t 0→0, there is a metric singularity. There is a spherical means representation for the general solution of the wave equation with the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background metric in the three spatial dimensional cases of curvature K=0 and K=-1 given by S. Klainerman and P. Sarnak. We derive from the expression of their representation three results about the wave propagator for the Cauchy problem in these space-times. First, we give an elementary proof of the sharp rate of time decay of solutions with compactly supported data. Second, we observe that the sharp Huygens principle is not satisfied by solutions, unlike in the case of three-dimensional Minkowski space-time (the usual Huygens principle of finite propagation speed is satisfied, of course). Third, we show that for 00 emanating from the space-time singularity at t=0. Under reflection t→-t, the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric gives a space-time metric for t<0 with a singular future at t=0, and the same solution formulae hold. We thus have constructed solutions u(t,x) of the wave equation in Friedmann-Robertson-Walker space-times which exist for all [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text], where in conformally regularized coordinates, these solutions are continuous through the singularity t=0 of space-time, taking on specified data u(0,⋅)=g(⋅) at the singular time. PMID:25197255

  9. Charged Dust Grain Dynamics Subject to Solar Wind, Poynting–Robertson Drag, and the Interplanetary Magnetic Field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lhotka, Christoph; Bourdin, Philippe; Narita, Yasuhito

    2016-09-01

    We investigate the combined effect of solar wind, Poynting–Robertson drag, and the frozen-in interplanetary magnetic field on the motion of charged dust grains in our solar system. For this reason, we derive a secular theory of motion by the means of an averaging method and validate it with numerical simulations of the unaveraged equations of motions. The theory predicts that the secular motion of charged particles is mainly affected by the z-component of the solar magnetic axis, or the normal component of the interplanetary magnetic field. The normal component of the interplanetary magnetic field leads to an increase or decrease of semimajor axis depending on its functional form and sign of charge of the dust grain. It is generally accepted that the combined effects of solar wind and photon absorption and re-emmision (Poynting–Robertson drag) lead to a decrease in semimajor axis on secular timescales. On the contrary, we demonstrate that the interplanetary magnetic field may counteract these drag forces under certain circumstances. We derive a simple relation between the parameters of the magnetic field, the physical properties of the dust grain, as well as the shape and orientation of the orbital ellipse of the particle, which is a necessary conditions for the stabilization in semimajor axis.

  10. Charged Dust Grain Dynamics Subject to Solar Wind, Poynting-Robertson Drag, and the Interplanetary Magnetic Field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lhotka, Christoph; Bourdin, Philippe; Narita, Yasuhito

    2016-09-01

    We investigate the combined effect of solar wind, Poynting-Robertson drag, and the frozen-in interplanetary magnetic field on the motion of charged dust grains in our solar system. For this reason, we derive a secular theory of motion by the means of an averaging method and validate it with numerical simulations of the unaveraged equations of motions. The theory predicts that the secular motion of charged particles is mainly affected by the z-component of the solar magnetic axis, or the normal component of the interplanetary magnetic field. The normal component of the interplanetary magnetic field leads to an increase or decrease of semimajor axis depending on its functional form and sign of charge of the dust grain. It is generally accepted that the combined effects of solar wind and photon absorption and re-emmision (Poynting-Robertson drag) lead to a decrease in semimajor axis on secular timescales. On the contrary, we demonstrate that the interplanetary magnetic field may counteract these drag forces under certain circumstances. We derive a simple relation between the parameters of the magnetic field, the physical properties of the dust grain, as well as the shape and orientation of the orbital ellipse of the particle, which is a necessary conditions for the stabilization in semimajor axis.

  11. The effects of Hill-Robertson interference between weakly selected mutations on patterns of molecular evolution and variation.

    PubMed Central

    McVean, G A; Charlesworth, B

    2000-01-01

    Associations between selected alleles and the genetic backgrounds on which they are found can reduce the efficacy of selection. We consider the extent to which such interference, known as the Hill-Robertson effect, acting between weakly selected alleles, can restrict molecular adaptation and affect patterns of polymorphism and divergence. In particular, we focus on synonymous-site mutations, considering the fate of novel variants in a two-locus model and the equilibrium effects of interference with multiple loci and reversible mutation. We find that weak selection Hill-Robertson (wsHR) interference can considerably reduce adaptation, e.g., codon bias, and, to a lesser extent, levels of polymorphism, particularly in regions of low recombination. Interference causes the frequency distribution of segregating sites to resemble that expected from more weakly selected mutations and also generates specific patterns of linkage disequilibrium. While the selection coefficients involved are small, the fitness consequences of wsHR interference across the genome can be considerable. We suggest that wsHR interference is an important force in the evolution of nonrecombining genomes and may explain the unexpected constancy of codon bias across species of very different census population sizes, as well as several unusual features of codon usage in Drosophila. PMID:10835411

  12. Ocean barriers and glaciation: evidence for explosive radiation of mitochondrial lineages in the Antarctic sea slug Doris kerguelenensis (Mollusca, Nudibranchia).

    PubMed

    Wilson, Nerida G; Schrödl, M; Halanych, Kenneth M

    2009-03-01

    Strong currents and deep passages of water can be barriers for larval dispersal of continental marine animals, but potential effects on direct developers are under-investigated. We examined the genetic structure of Doris kerguelenensis, a directly developing sea slug that occurs across the Drake Passage, the body of water separating Antarctica from South America. We found deep mitochondrial divergences within populations on both sides of the Drake Passage, and South American animals formed multiple sister-group relationships with Antarctic animals. A generalised molecular clock suggested these trans-Drake pairs diverged during the Pliocene–Pleistocene, after the formation of the Drake Passage. Statistical parsimony methods recovered 29 separate haplotype networks (many sympatric) that likely correlate with allopatric events caused by repeated glacial cycles. Data from 16S were congruent but more conserved than COI, and the estimated ancestral 16S haplotype was widespread. The marked difference in the substitution rates between these two mitochondrial genes results in different estimates of connectivity. Demographic analyses on networks revealed some evidence for selection and expanding populations. Contrasting with the Northern Hemisphere, glaciation in Antarctica appears to have increased rather than reduced genetic diversity. This suggests orbitally forced range dynamics based on Northern Hemisphere phylogeography do not hold for Antarctica. The diverse lineages found in D. kerguelenensis point towards a recent, explosive radiation, likely reflecting multiple refuges during glaciation events, combined with limited subsequent dispersal. Whether recognised as cryptic species or not, genetic diversity in Antarctic marine invertebrates appears higher than expected from morphological analyses, and supports the Antarctic biodiversity pump phenomenon.

  13. Genetically Modified Networks: A Genetic Algorithm contribution to Space Geodesy. Application to the transformation of SLR and DORIS EOP time series into ITRF2005.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coulot, D.; Collilieux, X.; Pollet, A.; Berio, P.; Gobinddass, M. L.; Soudarin, L.; Willis, P.

    2009-04-01

    In this study, we apply Genetic Algorithms (GAs) in order to optimize the referencing (and consequently the precision - stability - and the accuracy) of the EOPs with respect to ITRF2005. These EOPs are derived from SLR or DORIS data at a daily sampling, simultaneously with weekly station positions. GAs are evolutionary algorithms, i.e. stochastic algorithms based on the evolution theory and using some genetic operators such as chromosome crossover and gene mutations. They are currently used for a broad spectrum of activities, from medicine to defence to finance. They have also been used in Earth and Space sciences (remote sensing, geophysics, meteorology, astrophysics, astronomy, etc.) since the early nineties. But, as far as we know, the present work is the first application of GAs in the framework of Space Geodesy. In this work, we use an algorithm based on GAs to find weekly optimal sub-networks over which applying minimum constraints in order to reference EOPs. Each week, the three rotations of the involved terrestrial frames are forced to be zero with respect to ITRF2005 through minimum constraints applied over these sub-networks, which are called Genetically Modified Networks (GMNs). The reference system effects are used as objectives to optimize with GAs. Regarding SLR, our approach provides an improvement of 10 % in accuracy for polar motion in comparison to the results obtained with the network specially designed for EOP referencing by the Analysis Working Group of the International Laser Ranging Service. This improvement of nearly 25 as represents 50 % of the current precision of the IERS 05 C04 reference series. We also show preliminary results regarding such GMNs for the DORIS technique using two different solutions (IGN and CNES/CLS solutions). Finally, for practical applications, we also test, for the SLR and the DORIS techniques, the possible emergence of global core networks to be used for EOP referencing on the basis of GAs.

  14. Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of physician James S. Robertson, M.D., Ph.D., conducted January 20, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    This report is a transcript of in interview of Dr. James S. Robertson by representatives of the DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Robertson was chosen for this interview because of his research at Brookhaven National Laboratory, especially on Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT); his work at the United States Naval Defense Laboratory; and his work at the Atomic Energy Commission. After a brief biographical sketch Dr. Robertson discusses research on human subjects at Berkeley, his contributions to the beginnings of Neutron Capture Therapy at Brookhaven, his participation with the Brookhaven Human Use Committee, his involvement in the study of the effects of Castle Bravo event on the Marshallese, and his work with the Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory.

  15. Quantization of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes in the presence of a negative cosmological constant and radiation

    SciTech Connect

    Monerat, G.A.; Silva, E.V. Correa; Oliveira-Neto, G.

    2006-02-15

    In the present work, we quantize three Friedmann-Robertson-Walker models in the presence of a negative cosmological constant and radiation. The models differ from each other by the constant curvature of their spatial sections, which may be positive, negative or zero. They give rise to Wheeler-DeWitt equations for the scale factor which have the form of the Schroedinger equation for the quartic anharmonic oscillator. We find their eigenvalues and eigenfunctions by using a method first developed by Chhajlany and Malnev. After that, we use the eigenfunctions in order to construct wave packets for each case and evaluate the time-dependent expectation value of the scale factors, which are found to oscillate between finite maximum and minimum values. Since the expectation values of the scale factors never vanish, we have an initial indication that these models may not have singularities at the quantum level.

  16. Generalized Robertson-Walker Space-Time Admitting Evolving Null Horizons Related to a Black Hole Event Horizon

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    A new technique is used to study a family of time-dependent null horizons, called “Evolving Null Horizons” (ENHs), of generalized Robertson-Walker (GRW) space-time (M¯,g¯) such that the metric g¯ satisfies a kinematic condition. This work is different from our early papers on the same issue where we used (1 + n)-splitting space-time but only some special subcases of GRW space-time have this formalism. Also, in contrast to previous work, we have proved that each member of ENHs is totally umbilical in (M¯,g¯). Finally, we show that there exists an ENH which is always a null horizon evolving into a black hole event horizon and suggest some open problems. PMID:27722202

  17. Quantization of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Spacetimes in the Presence of a Cosmological Constant and Stiff Matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliveira-Neto, G.; Monerat, G. A.; Corrêa Silva, E. V.; Neves, C.; Ferreira Filho, L. G.

    2013-09-01

    In the present work, we study the quantum cosmology description of two Friedmann-Robertson-Walker models in the presence of a stiff matter perfect fluid and a negative cosmological constant. The models differ from each other by the constant curvature of the spatial sections, taken to be either positive or zero. We work in the Schutz's variational formalism, quantizing the models and obtaining the appropriate Wheeler-DeWitt equations. In these models there are bound states. Therefore, we compute, for each one, the discrete energy spectrum and the corresponding eigenfunctions. After that, we use the eigenfunctions in order to construct wave packets and evaluate the time-dependent expectation values of the scale factors. Each model shows bounded oscillations for the expectation value of the scalar factor, which is never zero, which can be interpreted as an initial indication that these models may not have singularities at the quantum level.

  18. 'DIRTY WORK', BUT SOMEONE HAS TO DO IT: HOWARD P. ROBERTSON AND THE REFEREEING PRACTICES OF PHYSICAL REVIEW IN THE 1930S.

    PubMed

    Lalli, Roberto

    2016-06-20

    In the 1930s the mathematical physicist Howard P. Robertson was the main referee of the journal Physical Review for papers concerning general relativity and related subjects. The rich correspondence between Robertson and the editors of the journal enables a historical investigation of the refereeing process of Physical Review at the time that it was becoming one of the most influential physics periodicals in the world. By focusing on this case study, the paper investigates two complementary aspects of the evolution of the refereeing process: first, the historical evolution of the refereeing practices in connection with broader contextual changes, and second, the attempts to define the activity of the referee, including the epistemic virtues required and the journal's functions according to the participants' categories. By exploring the tension between Robertson's idealized picture about how the referee should behave and the desire to promote his intellectual agenda, I show that the evaluation criteria that Robertson employed were contextually dependent and I argue that, in the 1930s, through his reports the referee had an enormous power in defining what direction future research should take. PMID:27386715

  19. 'DIRTY WORK', BUT SOMEONE HAS TO DO IT: HOWARD P. ROBERTSON AND THE REFEREEING PRACTICES OF PHYSICAL REVIEW IN THE 1930S.

    PubMed

    Lalli, Roberto

    2016-06-20

    In the 1930s the mathematical physicist Howard P. Robertson was the main referee of the journal Physical Review for papers concerning general relativity and related subjects. The rich correspondence between Robertson and the editors of the journal enables a historical investigation of the refereeing process of Physical Review at the time that it was becoming one of the most influential physics periodicals in the world. By focusing on this case study, the paper investigates two complementary aspects of the evolution of the refereeing process: first, the historical evolution of the refereeing practices in connection with broader contextual changes, and second, the attempts to define the activity of the referee, including the epistemic virtues required and the journal's functions according to the participants' categories. By exploring the tension between Robertson's idealized picture about how the referee should behave and the desire to promote his intellectual agenda, I show that the evaluation criteria that Robertson employed were contextually dependent and I argue that, in the 1930s, through his reports the referee had an enormous power in defining what direction future research should take.

  20. Note: Comparison of grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering of a titania sponge structure at the beamlines BW4 (DORIS III) and P03 (PETRA III)

    SciTech Connect

    Rawolle, M.; Koerstgens, V.; Ruderer, M. A.; Metwalli, E.; Guo, S.; Mueller-Buschbaum, P.; Herzog, G.; Benecke, G.; Schwartzkopf, M.; Buffet, A.; Perlich, J.; Roth, S. V.

    2012-10-15

    Grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering (GISAXS) is a powerful technique for morphology investigation of nanostructured thin films. GISAXS measurements at the newly installed P03 beamline at the storage ring PETRA III in Hamburg, Germany, are compared to the GISAXS data from the beamline BW4 at the storage ring DORIS III, which had been used extensively for GISAXS investigations in the past. As an example, a titania thin film sponge structure is investigated. Compared to BW4, at beamline P03 the resolution of larger structures is slightly improved and a higher incident flux leads to a factor of 750 in scattered intensity. Therefore, the acquisition time in GISAXS geometry is reduced significantly at beamline P03.

  1. A new velocity field for Africa from combined GPS and DORIS space geodetic Solutions: Contribution to the definition of the African reference frame (AFREF)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saria, E.; Calais, E.; Altamimi, Z.; Willis, P.; Farah, H.

    2013-04-01

    We analyzed 16 years of GPS and 17 years of Doppler orbitography and radiopositioning integrated by satellite (DORIS) data at continuously operating geodetic sites in Africa and surroundings to describe the present-day kinematics of the Nubian and Somalian plates and constrain relative motions across the East African Rift. The resulting velocity field describes horizontal and vertical motion at 133 GPS sites and 9 DORIS sites. Horizontal velocities at sites located on stable Nubia fit a single plate model with a weighted root mean square residual of 0.6 mm/yr (maximum residual 1 mm/yr), an upper bound for plate-wide motions and for regional-scale deformation in the seismically active southern Africa and Cameroon volcanic line. We confirm significant southward motion ( ˜ 1.5 mm/yr) in Morocco with respect to Nubia, consistent with earlier findings. We propose an updated angular velocity for the divergence between Nubia and Somalia, which provides the kinematic boundary conditions to rifting in East Africa. We update a plate motion model for the East African Rift and revise the counterclockwise rotation of the Victoria plate and clockwise rotation of the Rovuma plate with respect to Nubia. Vertical velocities range from - 2 to +2 mm/yr, close to their uncertainties, with no clear geographic pattern. This study provides the first continent-wide position/velocity solution for Africa, expressed in International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF2008), a contribution to the upcoming African Reference Frame (AFREF). Except for a few regions, the African continent remains largely under-sampled by continuous space geodetic data. Efforts are needed to augment the geodetic infrastructure and openly share existing data sets so that the objectives of AFREF can be fully reached.

  2. New Test of the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker Metric Using the Distance Sum Rule.

    PubMed

    Räsänen, Syksy; Bolejko, Krzysztof; Finoguenov, Alexis

    2015-09-01

    We present a new test of the validity of the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) metric, based on comparing the distance from redshift 0 to z(1) and from z(1) to z(2) to the distance from 0 to z(2). If the Universe is described by the FLRW metric, the comparison provides a model-independent measurement of spatial curvature. The test relies on geometrical optics, it is independent of the matter content of the Universe and the applicability of the Einstein equation on cosmological scales. We apply the test to observations, using the Union2.1 compilation of supernova distances and Sloan Lens ACS Survey galaxy strong lensing data. The FLRW metric is consistent with the data, and the spatial curvature parameter is constrained to be -1.22<Ω(K0)<0.63, or -0.08<Ω(K0)<0.97 with a prior from the cosmic microwave background and the local Hubble constant, though modeling of the lenses is a source of significant systematic uncertainty. PMID:26382671

  3. On the importance of spectral responsivity of Robertson-Berger-type ultraviolet radiometers for long-term observations.

    PubMed

    di Sarra, Alcide; Disterhoft, Patrick; DeLuisi, John J

    2002-07-01

    A system to determine the spectral responsivity of ultraviolet (UV) radiometers has been developed and is routinely operated at the Central Ultraviolet Calibration Facility, at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The instrument and the measurement methodologies are described. Results of measurements from thermally controlled broadband UV radiometers of the Robertson-Berger (R-B)-type are described. Systematic differences in the spectral response curves for these instruments have been detected. The effect of these differences on the field operation of UV-B radiometers has been studied by calculating the instrumental response from modeled UV spectra. The differences of the weighted spectral UV irradiances, measured by two radiometers with different spectral response functions, caused by the daily variation in the position of the sun were estimated for fixed values of total ozone, altitude and albedo, and for cloud-free conditions. These differences increase with the solar zenith angle and are as large as 8%. Larger differences in the instrumental response may be produced by ozone variations. Thus, care must be taken when analyzing data from R-B radiometers and comparing results from different instruments. Routine cycling of UV-B radiometers in operative networks without a careful determination of the spectral responsivity, or small drifts of the spectral responsivity, may strongly affect the accuracy of UV radiation measurements and produce an erroneous trend. Because of the possible differences among radiometers, it would not be practical to derive the long-term behavior of UV radiation without routine and thorough characterization of the spectral responsivities of the instruments. PMID:12126309

  4. Radiation Pressure, Poynting-Robertson Drag, and Solar Wind Drag in the Restricted Three-Body Problem

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liou, Jer-Chyi; Zook, Herbert A.; Jackson, A. A.

    1995-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the effects of radiation pressure, Poynting-Robertson (PR) drag, and solar wind drag on dust grains trapped in mean motion resonances with the Sun and Jupiter in the restricted (negligible dust mass) three-body Problem. We especially examine the evolution of dust grains in the 1:1 resonance. As a first step, the Sun and Jupiter are idealized to both be in circular orbit about a common center of mass (circular restricted three-body problem). From the equation of motion of the dust particle in the rotating reference frame, the drag-induced time rate of change of its Jacobi "constant," C, is then derived and expressed in spherical coordinates. This new mathematical expression in spherical coordinates shows that C, in the 1:1 resonance, both oscillates and secularly increases with increasing time. The new expression gives rise to an easy understanding of how an orbit evolves when the radiation force and solar wind drag are included. All dust grain orbits are unstable in time when PR and solar wind drag are included in the Sun-Jupiter-dust system. Tadpole orbits evolve into horseshoe orbits; and these orbits continuously expand in size to lead to close encounters with Jupiter. Permanent trapping is impossible. Orbital evolutions of a dust grain trapped in the 1:1 resonance in the planar circular, an inclined case, an eccentric case, and the actual Sun-Jupiter case are numerically simulated and compared with each other and show grossly similar time behavior. Resonances other than 1:1 are also explored with the new expression. Stable exterior resonance trapping may be possible under certain conditions. One necessary condition for such a trap is derived. Trapping in interior resonances is shown to be always unstable.

  5. Petrology and U-PB geochronology of the Robertson River Igneous Suite, Blue Ridge province, Virginia - Evidence for multistage magmatism associated witn an early episode of Laurentian rifting

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Tollo, R.P.; Aleinikoff, J.N.

    1996-01-01

    The Late Neoproterozoic (735-702 Ma) Robertson River Igneous Suite includes at least eight plutons ranging in composition from syenogranite to alkali feldspar granite to alkali feldspar syenite. These plutons intruded Mesoproterozoic (1.2-1.0 Ga) gneissic basement of the Blue Ridge anticlinorium in northern and central Virginia during an early episode of Laurentian rifting. Robertson River plutons range in composition from metaluminous to peralkaline and, relative to other granite types, exhibit compositional characteristics of A-type granitoids including (1) marked enrichment in Nb, Zr, Y, REE (except Eu), and Ga, (2) high Ga/Al and FeO(total)/MgO, and (3) depletion of Ba and Sr. High Ga/Al ratios are particularly diagnostic of the suite and serve as an effective discriminant between originally metaluminous and peralkaline bulk compositions, providing a useful proxy for widely used indicators based on major elements that are prone to remobilization. U-Pb isotopic analyses of zircons indicate that the suite was emplaced in two pulses, occurring at 735 to 722 and 706 to 702 Ma. Metaluminous magmas were emplaced during both pulses, formed most of the main batholith, and fractionated as independent, time-correlative groups. Peralkaline magmas were emplaced only during the final pulse, formed a volcanic center that erupted unknown quantities of rhyolite, and experienced a style of fractionation similar to the metaluminous types. Differences in Ce/Nb, Y/Nb, and Yb/Ta ratios suggest that the metaluminous and peralkaline magmas were derived from different sources. The Robertson River Igneous Suite is part of a regional group of Late Neoproterozoic (760-700 Ma) plutons including at least 20 other A-type granitoid bodies exposed throughout the Laurentian terrane of Virginia and northwestern North Carolina. Like the Robertson River, most of the other granitoids are metaluminous in composition, typically form multi-intrusive, elongate plutons, and are not geographically

  6. IPHE Infrastructure Workshop Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    2010-02-01

    This proceedings contains information from the IPHE Infrastructure Workshop, a two-day interactive workshop held on February 25-26, 2010, to explore the market implementation needs for hydrogen fueling station development.

  7. Mach's principle: Exact frame-dragging via gravitomagnetism in perturbed Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universes with K=({+-}1,0)

    SciTech Connect

    Schmid, Christoph

    2009-03-15

    We show that there is exact dragging of the axis directions of local inertial frames by a weighted average of the cosmological energy currents via gravitomagnetism for all linear perturbations of all Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universes and of Einstein's static closed universe, and for all energy-momentum-stress tensors and in the presence of a cosmological constant. This includes FRW universes arbitrarily close to the Milne Universe and the de Sitter universe. Hence the postulate formulated by Ernst Mach about the physical cause for the time-evolution of inertial axes is shown to hold in general relativity for linear perturbations of FRW universes. - The time-evolution of local inertial axes (relative to given local fiducial axes) is given experimentally by the precession angular velocity {omega}-vector{sub gyro} of local gyroscopes, which in turn gives the operational definition of the gravitomagnetic field: B-vector{sub g}{identical_to}-2{omega}-vector{sub gyro}. The gravitomagnetic field is caused by energy currents J-vector{sub {epsilon}} via the momentum constraint, Einstein's G{sup 0-}circumflex{sub i-circumflex} equation, (-{delta}+{mu}{sup 2})A-vector{sub g}=-16{pi}G{sub N}J-vector{sub {epsilon}} with B-vector{sub g}=curl A-vector{sub g}. This equation is analogous to Ampere's law, but it holds for all time-dependent situations. {delta} is the de Rham-Hodge Laplacian, and {delta}=-curl curl for the vorticity sector in Riemannian 3-space. - In the solution for an open universe the 1/r{sup 2}-force of Ampere is replaced by a Yukawa force Y{sub {mu}}(r)=(-d/dr)[(1/R)exp(-{mu}r)], form-identical for FRW backgrounds with K=(-1,0). Here r is the measured geodesic distance from the gyroscope to the cosmological source, and 2{pi}R is the measured circumference of the sphere centered at the gyroscope and going through the source point. The scale of the exponential cutoff is the H-dot radius, where H is the Hubble rate, dot is the derivative with respect to

  8. New results on ground deformation in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (southern Poland) obtained during the DORIS Project (EU-FP 7)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graniczny, Marek; Colombo, Davide; Kowalski, Zbigniew; Przyłucka, Maria; Zdanowski, Albin

    2015-11-01

    This paper presents application of satellite interferometric methods (persistent scatterer interferometric synthetic aperture radar (PSInSAR™) and differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (DInSAR)) for observation of ground deformation in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (USCB) in Southern Poland. The presented results were obtained during the DORIS project (EC FP 7, Grant Agreement n. 242212, www.doris-project.eu). Several InSAR datasets for this area were analysed. Most of them were processed by Tele-Rilevamento Europa - T.R.E. s.r.l. Italy. Datasets came from different SAR satellites (ERS 1 and 2, Envisat, ALOS- PALSAR and TerraSAR-X) and cover three different SAR bands (L, C and X). They were processed using both InSAR techniques: DInSAR, where deformations are presented as interferometric fringes on the raster image, and PSInSAR, where motion is indentified on irregular set of persistent scatterer (PS) points. Archival data from the C-band European Space Agency satellites ERS and ENVISAT provided information about ground movement since 1992 until 2010 in two separate datasets (1992-2000 and 2003-2010). Two coal mines were selected as examples of ground motion within inactive mining areas: Sosnowiec and Saturn, where mining ceased in 1995 and 1997, respectively. Despite well pumping after closure of the mines, groundwater rose several dozen meters, returning to its natural horizon. Small surface uplift clearly indicated on satellite interferometric data is related to high permeability of the hydrogeological subregion and insufficient water withdrawal from abandoned mines. The older 1992-2000 PSInSAR dataset indicates values of ground motion ranging from -40.0 to 0.0 mm. The newer 2003-2010 dataset shows values ranging from -2.0 to +7.0 mm. This means that during this period of time subsidence was less and uplift greater in comparison to the older dataset. This is even more evident in the time series of randomly selected PS points from both coal

  9. Production operations symposium: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-31

    This conference proceedings deals with methods for increasing oil and gas field production. The conference presents 86 papers which have been individually indexed for inclusion in the data base retrieval system. Papers deal with secondary and tertiary recovery techniques, wax and scale control techniques, well designs, and well servicing technologies.

  10. 29 CFR 98.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Legal proceedings. 98.965 Section 98.965 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 98.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil judicial proceeding, including...

  11. 5 CFR 919.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Legal proceedings. 919.965 Section 919... (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil judicial proceeding, including a...

  12. 5 CFR 919.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Legal proceedings. 919.965 Section 919... (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil judicial proceeding, including a...

  13. Cosmology of a Friedmann-Lamaître-Robertson-Walker 3-brane, late-time cosmic acceleration, and the cosmic coincidence.

    PubMed

    Doolin, Ciaran; Neupane, Ishwaree P

    2013-04-01

    A late epoch cosmic acceleration may be naturally entangled with cosmic coincidence--the observation that at the onset of acceleration the vacuum energy density fraction nearly coincides with the matter density fraction. In this Letter we show that this is indeed the case with the cosmology of a Friedmann-Lamaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) 3-brane in a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime. We derive the four-dimensional effective action on a FLRW 3-brane, from which we obtain a mass-reduction formula, namely, M(P)(2) = ρ(b)/|Λ(5)|, where M(P) is the effective (normalized) Planck mass, Λ(5) is the five-dimensional cosmological constant, and ρ(b) is the sum of the 3-brane tension V and the matter density ρ. Although the range of variation in ρ(b) is strongly constrained, the big bang nucleosynthesis bound on the time variation of the effective Newton constant G(N) = (8πM(P)(2))(-1) is satisfied when the ratio V/ρ ≳ O(10(2)) on cosmological scales. The same bound leads to an effective equation of state close to -1 at late epochs in accordance with astrophysical and cosmological observations.

  14. From the pore scale to reservoir scale: Lithohydraulic flow unit characterization of a shallow shelf carbonate reservoir, North Robertson Unit, West Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Vessell, R.K.; Davies, D.K. )

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents the results of integrated geological-petrophysical reservoir characterization performed as part of the US Department of Energy Class II reservoir program. Petrographic image analysis, using a specially equipped SEM, allowed for the identification of 8 petrophysical rock types at the North Robertson Unit. Detailed log analysis resulted in the development of algorithms for the log-based identification of these rock types in 109 wells. Porosity was related to permeability for each Rock Type: thus permeability is determined from well log data. Evaluation of porosity, permeability, Sw and HPV distribution has allowed for the identification of 12 lithohydraulic flow units. These flow units have been mapped across the unit. The technique allows for the development of log-based reservoir models that are simulator-ready. The results of this study have application to all heterogeneous, shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs, they demonstrate that large fields can be successfully characterized using few cores and emphasize the importance of integrated geological-engineering analysis in reservoir characterization.

  15. From the pore scale to reservoir scale: Lithohydraulic flow unit characterization of a shallow shelf carbonate reservoir, North Robertson Unit, West Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Vessell, R.K.; Davies, D.K.

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the results of integrated geological-petrophysical reservoir characterization performed as part of the US Department of Energy Class II reservoir program. Petrographic image analysis, using a specially equipped SEM, allowed for the identification of 8 petrophysical rock types at the North Robertson Unit. Detailed log analysis resulted in the development of algorithms for the log-based identification of these rock types in 109 wells. Porosity was related to permeability for each Rock Type: thus permeability is determined from well log data. Evaluation of porosity, permeability, Sw and HPV distribution has allowed for the identification of 12 lithohydraulic flow units. These flow units have been mapped across the unit. The technique allows for the development of log-based reservoir models that are simulator-ready. The results of this study have application to all heterogeneous, shallow shelf carbonate reservoirs, they demonstrate that large fields can be successfully characterized using few cores and emphasize the importance of integrated geological-engineering analysis in reservoir characterization.

  16. Cosmology of a Friedmann-Lamaître-Robertson-Walker 3-brane, late-time cosmic acceleration, and the cosmic coincidence.

    PubMed

    Doolin, Ciaran; Neupane, Ishwaree P

    2013-04-01

    A late epoch cosmic acceleration may be naturally entangled with cosmic coincidence--the observation that at the onset of acceleration the vacuum energy density fraction nearly coincides with the matter density fraction. In this Letter we show that this is indeed the case with the cosmology of a Friedmann-Lamaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) 3-brane in a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime. We derive the four-dimensional effective action on a FLRW 3-brane, from which we obtain a mass-reduction formula, namely, M(P)(2) = ρ(b)/|Λ(5)|, where M(P) is the effective (normalized) Planck mass, Λ(5) is the five-dimensional cosmological constant, and ρ(b) is the sum of the 3-brane tension V and the matter density ρ. Although the range of variation in ρ(b) is strongly constrained, the big bang nucleosynthesis bound on the time variation of the effective Newton constant G(N) = (8πM(P)(2))(-1) is satisfied when the ratio V/ρ ≳ O(10(2)) on cosmological scales. The same bound leads to an effective equation of state close to -1 at late epochs in accordance with astrophysical and cosmological observations. PMID:25166976

  17. Kinematical and gravitational analysis of the rocket-borne clock experiment by Vessot and Levine using the revised Robertson's test theory of specimen relativity

    SciTech Connect

    Vargas, J.G.

    1986-10-01

    The kinematic aspects of the rocket-borne clock experiment by Vessot and Levine are analyzed with the revised Robertson's test theory of special relativity (Found. Phys. 14, 625 (1984)). Besides the expected time-dilation, it is found that the intermediate steps of this experiment yield in principle Michelson-Morley type information (a relation between longitudinal and transverse length contractions) in the third order of the velocities involved, but no relativity-of-simultaneity related effects. The flat space-time test theory induces a family of ''spherically symmetric'' line elements that become the Schwarzchild line element in the relativistic case and also in the abinito rest frame of the theory. These line elements represent the same space-time manifold, but pertain in a one-to-one correspondence to the different flat space-time coordinate transformations of the test theory. The conserved energy is related to the family of local energies in the tangent plane. No deviations from the orthodoxy appear at the pertinent levels of approximation. Hence the unexplained residuals of the Vessot-Levine experiment are not due in obvious ways to kinematic and gravitational frequency shifts caused by deviations of the ''real'' coordinate transformations from the Lorentz transformations.

  18. Cosmology of a Friedmann-Lamaître-Robertson-Walker 3-Brane, Late-Time Cosmic Acceleration, and the Cosmic Coincidence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doolin, Ciaran; Neupane, Ishwaree P.

    2013-04-01

    A late epoch cosmic acceleration may be naturally entangled with cosmic coincidence—the observation that at the onset of acceleration the vacuum energy density fraction nearly coincides with the matter density fraction. In this Letter we show that this is indeed the case with the cosmology of a Friedmann-Lamaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) 3-brane in a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime. We derive the four-dimensional effective action on a FLRW 3-brane, from which we obtain a mass-reduction formula, namely, MP2=ρb/|Λ5|, where MP is the effective (normalized) Planck mass, Λ5 is the five-dimensional cosmological constant, and ρb is the sum of the 3-brane tension V and the matter density ρ. Although the range of variation in ρb is strongly constrained, the big bang nucleosynthesis bound on the time variation of the effective Newton constant GN=(8πMP2)-1 is satisfied when the ratio V/ρ≳O(102) on cosmological scales. The same bound leads to an effective equation of state close to -1 at late epochs in accordance with astrophysical and cosmological observations.

  19. 75 FR 81459 - Simplified Proceedings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ... filing person's address, business telephone number, cell telephone number if available, fax number if..., business telephone number, cell telephone number if available, fax number if available, and e-mail address... Simplified Proceedings in certain civil penalty proceedings. 75 FR 28223. The Commission explained that...

  20. Imaging Sciences Workshop Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Candy, J.V.

    1996-11-21

    This report contains the proceedings of the Imaging Sciences Workshop sponsored by C.A.S.LS., the Center for Advanced Signal & Image Sciences. The Center, established primarily to provide a forum where researchers can freely exchange ideas on the signal and image sciences in a comfortable intellectual environment, has grown over the last two years with the opening of a Reference Library (located in Building 272). The Technical Program for the 1996 Workshop include a variety of efforts in the Imaging Sciences including applications in the Microwave Imaging, highlighted by the Micro-Impulse Radar (MIR) system invented at LLNL, as well as other applications in this area. Special sessions organized by various individuals in Speech, Acoustic Ocean Imaging, Radar Ocean Imaging, Ultrasonic Imaging, and Optical Imaging discuss various applica- tions of real world problems. For the more theoretical, sessions on Imaging Algorithms and Computed Tomography were organized as well as for the more pragmatic featuring a session on Imaging Systems.

  1. Mixed waste: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Moghissi, A.A.; Blauvelt, R.K.; Benda, G.A.; Rothermich, N.E.

    1993-12-31

    This volume contains the peer-reviewed and edited versions of papers submitted for presentation a the Second International Mixed Waste Symposium. Following the tradition of the First International Mixed Waste Symposium, these proceedings were prepared in advance of the meeting for distribution to participants. The symposium was organized by the Mixed Waste Committee of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The topics discussed at the symposium include: stabilization technologies, alternative treatment technologies, regulatory issues, vitrification technologies, characterization of wastes, thermal technologies, laboratory and analytical issues, waste storage and disposal, organic treatment technologies, waste minimization, packaging and transportation, treatment of mercury contaminated wastes and bioprocessing, and environmental restoration. Individual abstracts are catalogued separately for the data base.

  2. Recombination Rate Variation Modulates Gene Sequence Evolution Mainly via GC-Biased Gene Conversion, Not Hill-Robertson Interference, in an Avian System.

    PubMed

    Bolívar, Paulina; Mugal, Carina F; Nater, Alexander; Ellegren, Hans

    2016-01-01

    The ratio of nonsynonymous to synonymous substitution rates (ω) is often used to measure the strength of natural selection. However, ω may be influenced by linkage among different targets of selection, that is, Hill-Robertson interference (HRI), which reduces the efficacy of selection. Recombination modulates the extent of HRI but may also affect ω by means of GC-biased gene conversion (gBGC), a process leading to a preferential fixation of G:C ("strong," S) over A:T ("weak," W) alleles. As HRI and gBGC can have opposing effects on ω, it is essential to understand their relative impact to make proper inferences of ω. We used a model that separately estimated S-to-S, S-to-W, W-to-S, and W-to-W substitution rates in 8,423 avian genes in the Ficedula flycatcher lineage. We found that the W-to-S substitution rate was positively, and the S-to-W rate negatively, correlated with recombination rate, in accordance with gBGC but not predicted by HRI. The W-to-S rate further showed the strongest impact on both dN and dS. However, since the effects were stronger at 4-fold than at 0-fold degenerated sites, likely because the GC content of these sites is farther away from its equilibrium, ω slightly decreases with increasing recombination rate, which could falsely be interpreted as a consequence of HRI. We corroborated this hypothesis analytically and demonstrate that under particular conditions, ω can decrease with increasing recombination rate. Analyses of the site-frequency spectrum showed that W-to-S mutations were skewed toward high, and S-to-W mutations toward low, frequencies, consistent with a prevalent gBGC-driven fixation bias.

  3. 34 CFR 85.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 85.965 Section 85.965 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 85.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil...

  4. 39 CFR 960.3 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES RELATIVE TO IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EQUAL ACCESS TO... initiating the proceeding or designating the matter for hearing. The failure to designate a proceeding as an... proceedings on the application. (c) If a proceeding includes both matters covered by the Act and...

  5. 17 CFR 12.24 - Parallel proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the receivership includes the resolution of claims made by customers; or (3) A petition filed under... first-class mail addressed to the Office of Proceedings, attention of the Proceedings Clerk, and serve.... This statement shall be addressed to the Office of Proceedings, attention of the Proceedings...

  6. 2 CFR 180.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Legal proceedings. 180.965 Section 180.965 Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS... § 180.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil...

  7. 22 CFR 1508.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Legal proceedings. 1508.965 Section 1508.965 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1508.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any...

  8. 29 CFR 98.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 98.965 Section 98.965 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 98.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil judicial...

  9. 22 CFR 1006.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Legal proceedings. 1006.965 Section 1006.965 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1006.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any...

  10. 22 CFR 1508.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Legal proceedings. 1508.965 Section 1508.965 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1508.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any...

  11. 22 CFR 208.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Legal proceedings. 208.965 Section 208.965 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 208.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or...

  12. 28 CFR 0.13 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 0.13 Section 0.13... Attorney General § 0.13 Legal proceedings. (a) Each Assistant Attorney General and Deputy Assistant... to conduct any legal proceeding, civil or criminal, including grand jury proceedings and...

  13. 22 CFR 1006.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Legal proceedings. 1006.965 Section 1006.965 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1006.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any...

  14. 22 CFR 208.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Legal proceedings. 208.965 Section 208.965 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 208.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or...

  15. 21 CFR 1404.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Legal proceedings. 1404.965 Section 1404.965 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1404.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or...

  16. 7 CFR 3017.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Legal proceedings. 3017.965 Section 3017.965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER... Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil judicial...

  17. 28 CFR 0.13 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 0.13 Section 0.13... Attorney General § 0.13 Legal proceedings. (a) Each Assistant Attorney General and Deputy Assistant... to conduct any legal proceeding, civil or criminal, including grand jury proceedings and...

  18. LHC Nobel Symposium Proceedings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekelöf, Tord

    2013-12-01

    puzzlement. The apparent absence of hints in the LHC experimental data of new phenomena that could relate to dark matter, dark energy, the dominance of matter over antimatter in the Universe, the unification of the strong and the electroweak interactions and their further unification with gravity left the Symposium with no guidance as to how to answer the question: what next? And in experimental fundamental science it is not the confirmation of already established theories that thrills the most; it is the appearance of the unexpected that creates the greatest excitement. However, the LHC is only at the beginning of its voyage into the uncharted territories of higher energies and smaller dimensions that it was built for, so the possibilities for unexpected discoveries are only starting to be explored. The LHC will start up again in 2015 with nearly twice its previous energy and with increased luminosity—new discoveries might then appear sooner than we even dare hope for! The LHC Nobel Symposium was attended by about 60 invited participants and lasted four days. The program was divided into seven sessions; QCD and Heavy Ion Physics, B Physics, Electroweak Physics, The Higgs Boson, Connections to Neutrino Physics and Astroparticle Physics, Beyond the Standard Model and Forward Look. There were 27 plenary invited talks given by participants, each followed by lively discussions. All but one of the speakers have submitted write-ups of their talks for these proceedings. We are hopeful that the remaining talk will be published in a forthcoming issue of Physica Scripta . I am gratified that Professor Roland Allen has agreed to write a paper on the essence of the Higgs boson discovery to be published in Physica Scripta , intended for undergraduate students and educated physicists, regardless of their field of research. I wish to express my deep gratitude to all Speakers and Participants in the Symposium, to the Members of the Local and International Organizing Committees, to the

  19. Uranium hexafluoride handling. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    The United States Department of Energy, Oak Ridge Field Office, and Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., are co-sponsoring this Second International Conference on Uranium Hexafluoride Handling. The conference is offered as a forum for the exchange of information and concepts regarding the technical and regulatory issues and the safety aspects which relate to the handling of uranium hexafluoride. Through the papers presented here, we attempt not only to share technological advances and lessons learned, but also to demonstrate that we are concerned about the health and safety of our workers and the public, and are good stewards of the environment in which we all work and live. These proceedings are a compilation of the work of many experts in that phase of world-wide industry which comprises the nuclear fuel cycle. Their experience spans the entire range over which uranium hexafluoride is involved in the fuel cycle, from the production of UF{sub 6} from the naturally-occurring oxide to its re-conversion to oxide for reactor fuels. The papers furnish insights into the chemical, physical, and nuclear properties of uranium hexafluoride as they influence its transport, storage, and the design and operation of plant-scale facilities for production, processing, and conversion to oxide. The papers demonstrate, in an industry often cited for its excellent safety record, continuing efforts to further improve safety in all areas of handling uranium hexafluoride. Selected papers were processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  20. Village Power `97. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Cardinal, J.; Flowers, L.; Taylor, R.; Weingart, J.

    1997-09-01

    It is estimated that two billion people live without electricity and its services. In addition, there is a sizable number of rural villages that have limited electrical service, with either part-day operation by diesel gen-sets or partial electrification (local school or community center and several nearby houses). For many villages connected to the grid, power is often sporadically available and of poor quality. The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, has initiated a program to address these potential electricity opportunities in rural villages through the application of renewable energy (RE) technologies. The objective of this program is to develop and implement applications that demonstrate the technical performance, economic competitiveness, operational viability, and environmental benefits of renewable rural electric solutions, compared to the conventional options of line extension and isolated diesel mini-grids. These four attributes foster sustainability; therefore, the program is entitled Renewables for Sustainable Village Power (RSVP). The RSVP program is a multi-disciplinary, multi-technology, multi-application program composed of six key activities, including village application development, computer model development, systems analysis, pilot project development, technical assistance, and an Internet-based village power project database. The current program emphasizes wind, photovoltaics (PV), and their hybrids with diesel gen-sets. NREL`s RSVP team is currently involved in rural electricity projects in thirteen countries, with U.S., foreign, and internationally based agencies and institutions. This document contains reports presented at the Proceedings of Village Power, 1997. Individual projects have been processed separately for the United States Department of Energy databases.

  1. 77 FR 26430 - Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings; Negotiability Proceedings; Review of Arbitration Awards...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... requests for Federal Service Impasses Panel assistance in the resolution of negotiation impasses. See 77 FR... Proceedings; Review of Arbitration Awards; Miscellaneous and General Requirements AGENCY: Federal Labor... Practice Proceedings, part 2424, Negotiability Proceedings, part 2425, Review of Arbitration Awards,...

  2. LHC Nobel Symposium Proceedings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekelöf, Tord

    2013-12-01

    puzzlement. The apparent absence of hints in the LHC experimental data of new phenomena that could relate to dark matter, dark energy, the dominance of matter over antimatter in the Universe, the unification of the strong and the electroweak interactions and their further unification with gravity left the Symposium with no guidance as to how to answer the question: what next? And in experimental fundamental science it is not the confirmation of already established theories that thrills the most; it is the appearance of the unexpected that creates the greatest excitement. However, the LHC is only at the beginning of its voyage into the uncharted territories of higher energies and smaller dimensions that it was built for, so the possibilities for unexpected discoveries are only starting to be explored. The LHC will start up again in 2015 with nearly twice its previous energy and with increased luminosity—new discoveries might then appear sooner than we even dare hope for! The LHC Nobel Symposium was attended by about 60 invited participants and lasted four days. The program was divided into seven sessions; QCD and Heavy Ion Physics, B Physics, Electroweak Physics, The Higgs Boson, Connections to Neutrino Physics and Astroparticle Physics, Beyond the Standard Model and Forward Look. There were 27 plenary invited talks given by participants, each followed by lively discussions. All but one of the speakers have submitted write-ups of their talks for these proceedings. We are hopeful that the remaining talk will be published in a forthcoming issue of Physica Scripta . I am gratified that Professor Roland Allen has agreed to write a paper on the essence of the Higgs boson discovery to be published in Physica Scripta , intended for undergraduate students and educated physicists, regardless of their field of research. I wish to express my deep gratitude to all Speakers and Participants in the Symposium, to the Members of the Local and International Organizing Committees, to the

  3. ISMB Conference Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Teresa, Gaasterand; Martin, Vingron

    2011-07-01

    This special issue comprises the papers accepted for presentation at the 19th Annual International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology, joint with the 10th European Conference on Computational Biology, an official conference of the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB; http://www.iscb.org). ISMB/ECCB 2011 (http://www.iscb.org/ismb2011/) will take place in Vienna, Austria, from July 17 through July 19, 2011; preceded during July 14–16 by eight 1- or 2- day Special Interest Group (SIG) meetings, three satellite meetings and nine half-day tutorials; and followed by two additional satellite meetings. The 48 papers in this volume were selected from 258 submitted papers. Submitted papers were assigned to 13 areas. Area Chairs led each topic area by selecting their area's program committee and overseeing the reviewing process. Many Area Chairs were new compared to 2010, and two completely new areas were added in 2011, ‘Data Visualization’ and ‘Mass Spectrometry and Proteomics’. Six papers for which Area Chairs were in conflict were reviewed under a ‘Conflicts Management’ section headed by the Proceedings Chairs; one such paper was accepted in ‘Bioimaging’. Areas, co-chairs and acceptance information are listed in Table 1. Compared to prior years, five mature topic areas had steady submissions, ‘Evolution and Comparative Genomics’, ‘Gene Regulation and Transcriptomics’, ‘Protein Structure and Function’, ‘Sequence Analysis’, ‘Text Mining’. Two areas newer to ISMB were underrepresented this year, ‘Bioimaging’ and ‘Disease Models and Epidemiology’. One area doubled, ‘Applied Bioinformatics’, renamed from last year's ‘Other Bioinformatics Applications’; and one tripled, ‘Protein Interactions and Molecular Networks’. Across the areas, 326 members of the bioinformatics community provided reviews. Most papers received three reviews and several received four or more. There was

  4. Mach's principle: Exact frame-dragging via gravitomagnetism in perturbed Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universes with K=(±1,0)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmid, Christoph

    2009-03-01

    We show that there is exact dragging of the axis directions of local inertial frames by a weighted average of the cosmological energy currents via gravitomagnetism for all linear perturbations of all Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universes and of Einstein’s static closed universe, and for all energy-momentum-stress tensors and in the presence of a cosmological constant. This includes FRW universes arbitrarily close to the Milne Universe and the de Sitter universe. Hence the postulate formulated by Ernst Mach about the physical cause for the time-evolution of inertial axes is shown to hold in general relativity for linear perturbations of FRW universes.—The time-evolution of local inertial axes (relative to given local fiducial axes) is given experimentally by the precession angular velocity Ω→gyro of local gyroscopes, which in turn gives the operational definition of the gravitomagnetic field: B→g≡-2Ω→gyro. The gravitomagnetic field is caused by energy currents J→ɛ via the momentum constraint, Einstein’s G0^i^ equation, (-Δ+μ2)A→g=-16πGNJ→ɛ with B→g=curlA→g. This equation is analogous to Ampère’s law, but it holds for all time-dependent situations. Δ is the de Rham-Hodge Laplacian, and Δ=-curlcurl for the vorticity sector in Riemannian 3-space.—In the solution for an open universe the 1/r2-force of Ampère is replaced by a Yukawa force Yμ(r)=(-d/dr)[(1/R)exp⁡(-μr)], form-identical for FRW backgrounds with K=(-1,0). Here r is the measured geodesic distance from the gyroscope to the cosmological source, and 2πR is the measured circumference of the sphere centered at the gyroscope and going through the source point. The scale of the exponential cutoff is the H-dot radius, where H is the Hubble rate, dot is the derivative with respect to cosmic time, and μ2=-4(dH/dt). Analogous results hold in closed FRW universes and in Einstein’s closed static universe.—We list six fundamental tests for the principle formulated by

  5. 46 CFR 502.61 - Proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... to the formal docket of a petition for a declaratory order. (b) In proceedings referred to the Office... complaint will contain language requiring that at an early stage of the proceeding and when practicable...

  6. Blast furnace injection symposium: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    1996-12-31

    These proceedings contain 14 papers related to blast furnace injection issues. Topics include coal quality, coal grinding, natural gas injection, stable operation of the blast furnace, oxygen enrichment, coal conveying, and performance at several steel companies. All papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  7. Proceedings of the geosciences workshop

    SciTech Connect

    1991-01-01

    The manuscripts in these proceedings represent current understanding of geologic issues associated with the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP). The Weldon Spring site is in St. Charles County, Missouri. The proceedings are the record of the information presented during the WSSRAP Geosciences Workshop conducted on February 21, 1991. The objective of the workshop and proceedings is to provide the public and scientific community with technical information that will facilitate a common understanding of the geology of the Weldon Spring site, of the studies that have been and will be conducted, and of the issues associated with current and planned activities at the site. This coverage of geologic topics is part of the US Department of Energy overall program to keep the public fully informed of the status of the project and to address public concerns as we clean up the site and work toward the eventual release of the property for use by this and future generations. Papers in these proceedings detail the geology and hydrology of the site. The mission of the WSSRAP derives from the US Department of Energy's Surplus Facilities Management Program. The WSSRAP will eliminate potential hazards to the public and the environment and make surplus real property available for other uses to the extent possible. This will be accomplished by conducting remedial actions which will place the quarry, the raffinate pits, the chemical plant, and the vicinity properties in a radiologically and chemically safe condition. The individual papers have been catalogued separately.

  8. Arctic energy technologies workshop: proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-04-01

    The objectives of this ''Arctic Energy Technologies Workshop'' were threefold: To acquaint participants with the current US Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, Arctic and Offshore Research Program. To obtain information on Arctic oil and gas development problem areas, and on current and planned research. To provide an opportunity for technical information exchange among engineers, geologists, geophysicists, physical scientists, oceanographers, statisticians, analysts, and other participants engaged in similar research areas. The first section of the proceedings is the keynote address ''Current Arctic Offshore Technology'', presented by Kenneth Croasdale, of K.R. Croasdale and Associates, Ltd., Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The second section of the proceedings includes 14 technical papers presented in two sessions at the Workshop: Sea Ice Research, and Seafloor/Soils Research. The third section of the proceedings includes the summaries of four work-group discussion sessions from the second day of the meeting: (1) Arctic Offshore Structures, (2) Arctic Offshore Pipelines, (3) Subice Development Systems, and (4) Polar-Capable Ice Vessels. The work groups addressed state-of-the-art, technical issues, R and D needs, and environmental concerns in these four areas. All papers in this proceedings have been processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

  9. International Women's Leadership Conference Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Dental Education, 1999

    1999-01-01

    Presents proceedings of the American Association of Dental Schools' International Women's Leadership Conference. Addresses, panel presentations, and general-sessions topics included leadership training and promotion for women in dental education, women's health issues and research, the glass ceiling, infrastructures for research and training,…

  10. 2001 MAPLD International Conference Proceedings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This CD contains the proceedings from the '2001 MAPLD International Conference', held on 11-13 September 2001 at Johns Hopkins University. Sessions included the following: (1) Applications: Military and Aerospace; (2) Design 1: Processors, Logic, and Programmable Devices; (3) Reliability: Devices and The Effects of the Radiation Environment; (4) Design 2: Systems; and (5) Design 3: Fault Tolerance.

  11. 25 CFR 11.606 - Dissolution proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... marriage may initiate dissolution proceedings. (b) If a proceeding is commenced by one of the parties, the... proceeding for dissolution of marriage or legal separation shall allege that the marriage is irretrievably... under the jurisdiction of the court of each party; (2) The date of the marriage and the place at...

  12. 14 CFR 13.115 - Public proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Public proceedings. 13.115 Section 13.115 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROCEDURAL RULES....115 Public proceedings. (a) All investigative proceedings and depositions shall be public unless...

  13. 29 CFR 8.16 - Oral proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Oral proceedings. 8.16 Section 8.16 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PRACTICE BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW BOARD WITH REGARD TO FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General Procedural Matters § 8.16 Oral proceedings. (a) With respect to any proceedings before it,...

  14. 29 CFR 8.16 - Oral proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Oral proceedings. 8.16 Section 8.16 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PRACTICE BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW BOARD WITH REGARD TO FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General Procedural Matters § 8.16 Oral proceedings. (a) With respect to any proceedings before it,...

  15. 29 CFR 8.16 - Oral proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Oral proceedings. 8.16 Section 8.16 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PRACTICE BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW BOARD WITH REGARD TO FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General Procedural Matters § 8.16 Oral proceedings. (a) With respect to any proceedings before it,...

  16. 29 CFR 8.16 - Oral proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Oral proceedings. 8.16 Section 8.16 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PRACTICE BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW BOARD WITH REGARD TO FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General Procedural Matters § 8.16 Oral proceedings. (a) With respect to any proceedings before it,...

  17. 29 CFR 8.16 - Oral proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Oral proceedings. 8.16 Section 8.16 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PRACTICE BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW BOARD WITH REGARD TO FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General Procedural Matters § 8.16 Oral proceedings. (a) With respect to any proceedings before it,...

  18. 21 CFR 1404.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Legal proceedings. 1404.965 Section 1404.965 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION... civil judicial proceeding, including a proceeding under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act (31...

  19. 16 CFR 1.64 - Condemnation proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Condemnation proceedings. 1.64 Section 1.64 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Injunctive and Condemnation Proceedings § 1.64 Condemnation proceedings. In those cases arising under the Wool Products Labeling Act...

  20. 16 CFR 1.64 - Condemnation proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Condemnation proceedings. 1.64 Section 1.64 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL PROCEDURES Injunctive and Condemnation Proceedings § 1.64 Condemnation proceedings. In those cases arising under the Wool Products Labeling Act...

  1. 34 CFR 668.85 - Suspension proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Suspension proceedings. 668.85 Section 668.85 Education..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS Fine, Limitation, Suspension and Termination Proceedings § 668.85 Suspension proceedings. (a) Scope and consequences. (1) The Secretary may suspend...

  2. 34 CFR 668.85 - Suspension proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Suspension proceedings. 668.85 Section 668.85 Education..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS Fine, Limitation, Suspension and Termination Proceedings § 668.85 Suspension proceedings. (a) Scope and consequences. (1) The Secretary may suspend...

  3. 25 CFR 11.606 - Dissolution proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... marriage may initiate dissolution proceedings. (b) If a proceeding is commenced by one of the parties, the... proceeding for dissolution of marriage or legal separation shall allege that the marriage is irretrievably... under the jurisdiction of the court of each party; (2) The date of the marriage and the place at...

  4. 25 CFR 11.606 - Dissolution proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... marriage may initiate dissolution proceedings. (b) If a proceeding is commenced by one of the parties, the... proceeding for dissolution of marriage or legal separation shall allege that the marriage is irretrievably... under the jurisdiction of the court of each party; (2) The date of the marriage and the place at...

  5. 25 CFR 11.606 - Dissolution proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... marriage may initiate dissolution proceedings. (b) If a proceeding is commenced by one of the parties, the... proceeding for dissolution of marriage or legal separation shall allege that the marriage is irretrievably... under the jurisdiction of the court of each party; (2) The date of the marriage and the place at...

  6. 25 CFR 11.606 - Dissolution proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... marriage may initiate dissolution proceedings. (b) If a proceeding is commenced by one of the parties, the... proceeding for dissolution of marriage or legal separation shall allege that the marriage is irretrievably... under the jurisdiction of the court of each party; (2) The date of the marriage and the place at...

  7. 31 CFR 19.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 19.965 Section 19.965 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any...

  8. 31 CFR 19.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 19.965 Section 19.965 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any...

  9. 29 CFR 1471.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 1471.965 Section 1471.965 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means...

  10. 29 CFR 1471.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 1471.965 Section 1471.965 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means...

  11. 45 CFR 13.3 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... TO JUSTICE ACT IN AGENCY PROCEEDINGS General Provisions § 13.3 Proceedings covered. (a) These rules apply only to adversary adjudications. For the purpose of these rules, only an adjudication required to... and participates in the proceeding, constitutes an adversary adjudication. These rules do not apply...

  12. 16 CFR 3.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 3.2... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings § 3.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative proceedings are those formal proceedings conducted...

  13. 16 CFR 3.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 3.2... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings § 3.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative proceedings are those formal proceedings conducted...

  14. 16 CFR 3.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 3.2... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings § 3.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative proceedings are those formal proceedings conducted...

  15. 16 CFR 3.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 3.2... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings § 3.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative proceedings are those formal proceedings conducted...

  16. 16 CFR 3.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 3.2... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings § 3.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative proceedings are those formal proceedings conducted...

  17. JGR to publish LPSC Proceedings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    AGU will publish the Proceedings of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC), organized by the Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI), as a special supplement to the Red section of the Journal of Geophysical Research. The conference, being held this week in Houston, Tex., is sponsored by LPI, the Johnson Space Center, and AGU. The present 39-member board of JGR-Red associate editors will be expanded to account for the handling of the increased number of papers in petrology and geochemistry.William Boynton has accepted a 1-year special assignment as Proceedings Editor and will work in concert with JGR-Red Editor Thomas Ahrens. In addition, the regular JGR-Red board of associate editors has been expanded to include Boynton, Michael J. Drake, Richard A.F. Grieve, John F. Kerridge, Guenter W. Lugmair, James Papike, Robert O. Pepin, and Heinrich Wönke.

  18. National Hydrogen Vision Meeting Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    2001-11-01

    This document provides presentations and summaries of the notes from the National Hydrogen Vision Meeting''s facilitated breakout sessions. The Vision Meeting, which took place November 15-16, 2001, kicked off the public-private partnership that will pave the way to a more secure and cleaner energy future for America. These proceedings were compiled into a formal report, A National Vision of America''s Transition to a Hydrogen Economy - To 2030 and Beyond, which is also available online.

  19. National Hydrogen Roadmap Workshop Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    2002-04-01

    This document summarizes the presentations and suggestions put forth by officials, industry experts and policymakers in their efforts to come together to develop a roadmap for America''s clean energy future and outline the key barriers and needs to achieve the hydrogen vision. The National Hydrogen Roadmap Workshop was held April 2-3, 2002. These proceedings were compiled into a formal report, The National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap, which is also available online.

  20. 2006 Annual Merit Review Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    2009-01-18

    Each year hydrogen and fuel cell projects funded by DOE's Hydrogen Program are reviewed for their merit during an Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting. The 2006 Annual Merit Review, held May 16-19, 2006 in Arlington, Va., showcased approximately 250 projects. Principal investigators presented their project status and results in oral and poster presentations, which are available in the 2006 Annual Merit Review Proceedings. A panel of more than 150 community experts peer reviewed two-t

  1. Third SEI Technical Interchange: Proceedings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Given here are the proceedings of the 3rd Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) Technical Interchange. Topics covered include the First Lunar Outpost (FLO), the Lunar Resource Mapper, lunar rovers, lunar habitat concepts, lunar shelter construction analysis, thermoelectric nuclear power systems for SEI, cryogenic storage, a space network for lunar communications, the moon as a solar power satellite, and off-the-shelf avionics for future SEI missions.

  2. Proceedings of lifeline earthquake engineering

    SciTech Connect

    Cassaro, M.A.

    1991-01-01

    This book contains the proceedings of the Lifeline Earthquake Engineering Conference. Topics covered include: Overview of Lifeline Earthquake Engineering; Transportation Lifelines; Seismic Retrofit and Strengthening of Transportation Lifelines; Electric Power Lifelines; Communications Lifelines; Water Delivery and Sewer Lifelines; Seismic Hazards Evaluation; Risk and Reliability Analysis of Lifelines; Lifeline Experience During Earthquakes and System Behavior; Seismic Analysis and Design of Lifelines; Vulnerability of Lifelines; and Vulnerability Reduction, Mitigation Planning, and Emergency Response.

  3. 47 CFR 1.423 - Oral argument and other proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Oral argument and other proceedings. 1.423... Rulemaking Proceedings Rulemaking Proceedings § 1.423 Oral argument and other proceedings. In any rulemaking where the Commission determines that an oral argument, hearing or any other type of proceeding...

  4. 41 CFR 105-68.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 105... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil judicial proceeding, including...

  5. 41 CFR 105-68.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Legal proceedings. 105... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.965 Legal proceedings. Legal proceedings means any criminal proceeding or any civil judicial proceeding, including...

  6. Proceedings of NHA Annual Conferences

    SciTech Connect

    Debbi L. Smith

    2004-06-30

    The Proceedings of "Hydrogen: A Clean Energy Choice" and the 16th Annual U.S. Hydrogen Conference, "Partnering for the Global Hydrogen Future" include the presentations of high-level keynote speakers from the U.S. Department of Energy, the state government of California, Ambassadors and Executives of large corporations and emerging companies all presenting their vision on a future fueled by hydrogen. Parallel technical sessions informed attendees of developments in hydrogen technology R&D, commercial product development and market readiness. Persentations of the Student Design Competition Finalists are also included.

  7. Particles, Fields, and Gravitation. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Rembieli ski, J.

    1998-11-01

    These proceedings represent papers presented at the Conference on Particles, Fields, and Gravitation held in Lodz, Poland in April, 1998. The topics discussed included quantum deformations and noncommutative geometry, quantum mechanics, quantum and topological field theory, modern gravitation theory and geometrical methods in physics. Solvable and quasisolvable models were also disussed. The talks and the resulting papers provided a comprehensive coverage of the main aspects of contemporary theoretical and mathematical physics. The Conference was attended by more than 100 scientists from all over the world. There were 54 papers presented at the conference,out of which 1 paper has been abstracted for the Energy,Science and Technology database.(AIP)

  8. Comments on the article "Changing attitudes towards the care of children in hospital: a new assessment of the influence of the work of Bowlby and Robertson in the UK, 1940-1970" by Frank C.P. van der Horst and Rene van der Veer (Attachment and Human Development Vol 11, No 2, March 2009, 119-142).

    PubMed

    Lindsay, Mary

    2009-11-01

    The authors give an impressive list of references, but these do not reflect the situation in the UK; most of those looking after children in hospital did not write about what they did or read about what others did. Children in hospital saw little or nothing of their parents, and once they had 'settled' the doctors and nurses were unaware of their distress. John Bowlby's interest in maternal deprivation led him to appoint James Robertson as his research assistant, to observe responses of young children to loss of maternal care on admission to hospital. They formulated the theoretical framework of the three stages through which the children went; protest, despair, and detachment constituting a developmental interference. Robertson was so concerned when nobody would listen that in 1952 he made the film 'A Two Year Old Goes to Hospital', which upset children's doctors and nurses. It also probably contributed to the government setting up in 1957 a Committee chaired by Sir Harry Platt to consider the Welfare of Children in Hospital. 'Going to Hospital with Mother' was made by Robertson in 1958. With Dermod MacCarthy he showed the films to the Committee, who accepted the suggestions in Robertson's Memorandum which included unrestricted visiting and mothers being admitted with their young children. The Report, known as the Platt Report, was published in 1959. Robertson could then show his films publicly, campaign in the media and encourage the pressure group NAWCH (the National Association for the Welfare of Children in Hospital) who were successful in getting many of the Committee's recommendations implemented, to the benefit of all children in hospital. PMID:20183557

  9. Comments on the article "Changing attitudes towards the care of children in hospital: a new assessment of the influence of the work of Bowlby and Robertson in the UK, 1940-1970" by Frank C.P. van der Horst and Rene van der Veer (Attachment and Human Development Vol 11, No 2, March 2009, 119-142).

    PubMed

    Lindsay, Mary

    2009-11-01

    The authors give an impressive list of references, but these do not reflect the situation in the UK; most of those looking after children in hospital did not write about what they did or read about what others did. Children in hospital saw little or nothing of their parents, and once they had 'settled' the doctors and nurses were unaware of their distress. John Bowlby's interest in maternal deprivation led him to appoint James Robertson as his research assistant, to observe responses of young children to loss of maternal care on admission to hospital. They formulated the theoretical framework of the three stages through which the children went; protest, despair, and detachment constituting a developmental interference. Robertson was so concerned when nobody would listen that in 1952 he made the film 'A Two Year Old Goes to Hospital', which upset children's doctors and nurses. It also probably contributed to the government setting up in 1957 a Committee chaired by Sir Harry Platt to consider the Welfare of Children in Hospital. 'Going to Hospital with Mother' was made by Robertson in 1958. With Dermod MacCarthy he showed the films to the Committee, who accepted the suggestions in Robertson's Memorandum which included unrestricted visiting and mothers being admitted with their young children. The Report, known as the Platt Report, was published in 1959. Robertson could then show his films publicly, campaign in the media and encourage the pressure group NAWCH (the National Association for the Welfare of Children in Hospital) who were successful in getting many of the Committee's recommendations implemented, to the benefit of all children in hospital.

  10. Improvement of the TOPEX and Jason Orbit Time Series: Precision Orbit Determination, Calibration, Validation and Improvement Through the Combined Reduction and Analysis of GPS, SLR, DORIS and Altimeter Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luthcke, Scott B.; Rowlands, D. D.; Lemoine, F. G.; Zelensky, N. P.; Beckley, B. D.

    2004-01-01

    Orbit error is a major component in the overall error budget of all altimeter satellite missions. Jason-I is no exception and a 1 cm radial orbit accuracy goal has been set, which represents a factor of two improvement over what is currently being achieved for TOPEX/Poseidon (TP). Our current analysis suggests this goal has been met and even improved upon, but the challenge is to be able to continually achieve this high accuracy, verify the performance and characterize and quantify the remaining errors over the lifetime of the mission. The computation, verification and error characterization of such high accuracy orbits requires the reduction and analysis of all available tracking data (GPS, SLR, DORIS and altimeter). Current analysis also indicates the history of TP orbits can be further improved employing new solution strategies developed and tested on Jason-I. Our research focuses on the calibration, validation and improvement of orbit accuracies using all available tracking data including altimetry. We will compute and distribute well centered Jason orbits with an accuracy of better than 1-cm in the radial component. In addition to the orbits themselves, a characterization of the orbit error will be distributed and accumulated as a time series of orbit performance metrics to track anomalies and trends. The long time series of orbit error characterization will enable a better understanding of the remaining orbit errors and its impact on the altimeter data analysis. As part of this research effort we are also significantly improving the current level of TP orbit accuracy, re-computing new high-accuracy TP orbits from the beginning of the TP mission and continuing into the future (as long as TP is healthy). Our funded research effort will result in a complete and consistent time series of improved orbits for both TP and Jason, significantly benefiting the long time series of altimeter data analysis and the TP/Jason dual mission. The resultant high accuracy orbits

  11. 47 CFR 1.1208 - Restricted proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (except for those directly associated with tariff filings). A party making a written or oral presentation in a restricted proceeding, on a non-ex parte basis, must file a copy of the presentation or, for an oral presentation, a summary of the presentation in the record of the proceeding using...

  12. 12 CFR 238.21 - Control proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Board's Rules of Practice for Formal Hearings (12 CFR part 263). (3) After considering the submissions... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Control proceedings. 238.21 Section 238.21... (CONTINUED) SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES (REGULATION LL) Control Proceedings § 238.21...

  13. 12 CFR 238.21 - Control proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Board's Rules of Practice for Formal Hearings (12 CFR part 263). (3) After considering the submissions... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Control proceedings. 238.21 Section 238.21... (CONTINUED) SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES (REGULATION LL) Control Proceedings § 238.21...

  14. 32 CFR 584.4 - Adoption proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Adoption proceedings. 584.4 Section 584.4... CUSTODY, AND PATERNITY § 584.4 Adoption proceedings. (a) General. This chapter does not apply to those... normally may not be put up for adoption without the consent of the parents. Therefore, communications...

  15. 32 CFR 584.4 - Adoption proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Adoption proceedings. 584.4 Section 584.4... CUSTODY, AND PATERNITY § 584.4 Adoption proceedings. (a) General. This chapter does not apply to those... normally may not be put up for adoption without the consent of the parents. Therefore, communications...

  16. 32 CFR 584.4 - Adoption proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Adoption proceedings. 584.4 Section 584.4... CUSTODY, AND PATERNITY § 584.4 Adoption proceedings. (a) General. This chapter does not apply to those... normally may not be put up for adoption without the consent of the parents. Therefore, communications...

  17. 32 CFR 584.4 - Adoption proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Adoption proceedings. 584.4 Section 584.4... CUSTODY, AND PATERNITY § 584.4 Adoption proceedings. (a) General. This chapter does not apply to those... normally may not be put up for adoption without the consent of the parents. Therefore, communications...

  18. 28 CFR 0.13 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 0.13 Section 0.13 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Office of the Attorney General § 0.13 Legal proceedings. (a) Each Assistant Attorney General and Deputy...

  19. 28 CFR 0.13 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 0.13 Section 0.13 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Office of the Attorney General § 0.13 Legal proceedings. (a) Each Assistant Attorney General and Deputy...

  20. 5 CFR 2610.307 - Further proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Further proceedings. 2610.307 Section 2610.307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES... adjudicative officer may order further proceedings, such as an informal conference, oral argument,...

  1. How to maximize return on bond proceeds.

    PubMed

    Deluccia, D J

    1989-09-01

    Healthcare organizations issuing tax-exempt bonds to finance the acquisition, construction, or renovation of their facilities often neglect to invest bond proceeds to gain the maximum allowable return. Bond indentures--documents that contain all the terms and provisions of the financing plan--generally spell out a number of options for investing bond proceeds.

  2. Proceedings of the International Miconia Conference

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Loope, L.L.; Meyer, J.-Y.; Hardesty, B. D.; Smith, C.W.

    2015-01-01

    This proceedings is a compilation of 15 of the 27 papers and posters that were presented at the 2009 International Miconia Conference. The Conference was held in Keanae Hawaii May 4th to 7th 2009, hosted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee. *No official abstract was available for the proceedings...K. Keck

  3. 10 CFR 590.316 - Shortened proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Shortened proceedings. 590.316 Section 590.316 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.316 Shortened proceedings. In...

  4. 10 CFR 1023.325 - Further proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Board's Rules of Practice, 10 CFR part 1023, which is made in the covered proceeding for which... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Further proceedings. 1023.325 Section 1023.325 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) CONTRACT APPEALS Procedures Relating to Awards Under the...

  5. 45 CFR 13.3 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... TO JUSTICE ACT IN AGENCY PROCEEDINGS General Provisions § 13.3 Proceedings covered. (a) These rules...)(2) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 1320a-7(f), 1320a-7a(c)(2), or 1395u(j)(2). If a...

  6. 34 CFR 682.705 - Suspension proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Suspension proceedings. 682.705 Section 682.705... EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL) PROGRAM Limitation, Suspension, or....705 Suspension proceedings. (a) Scope. (1) A suspension by the Secretary removes a...

  7. 34 CFR 682.705 - Suspension proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Suspension proceedings. 682.705 Section 682.705..., Suspension, or Termination of Lender or Third-party Servicer Eligibility and Disqualification of Lenders and Schools § 682.705 Suspension proceedings. (a) Scope. (1) A suspension by the Secretary removes a...

  8. 2 CFR 180.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Legal proceedings. 180.965 Section 180.965 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF... GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 180.965 Legal proceedings....

  9. 10 CFR 590.316 - Shortened proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Shortened proceedings. 590.316 Section 590.316 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.316 Shortened proceedings. In...

  10. 10 CFR 590.316 - Shortened proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Shortened proceedings. 590.316 Section 590.316 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.316 Shortened proceedings. In...

  11. 10 CFR 10.27 - Prehearing proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prehearing proceedings. 10.27 Section 10.27 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO RESTRICTED DATA OR NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION OR AN EMPLOYMENT CLEARANCE Procedures § 10.27 Prehearing proceedings....

  12. 12 CFR 308.180 - Further proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Further proceedings. 308.180 Section 308.180 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF... identify the information sought or the issues in dispute and shall explain why additional proceedings...

  13. 10 CFR 12.306 - Further proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Further proceedings. 12.306 Section 12.306 Energy NUCLEAR... Considering Applications § 12.306 Further proceedings. (a) Ordinarily, the determination of an award will be... necessary for full and fair resolution of the issues arising from the application, and shall be conducted...

  14. 29 CFR 2704.306 - Further proceedings on the application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMISSION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT IN COMMISSION PROCEEDINGS Procedures for... expenses), pertinent discovery or an evidentiary hearing. Such further proceedings shall be held only...

  15. PCaPAC 2006 Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Pavel Chevtsov; Matthew Bickley

    2007-03-30

    The 6-th international PCaPAC (Personal Computers and Particle Accelerator Controls) workshop was held at Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia, from October 24-27, 2006. The main objectives of the conference were to discuss the most important issues of the use of PCs and modern IT technologies for controls of accelerators and to give scientists, engineers, and technicians a forum to exchange the ideas on control problems and their solutions. The workshop consisted of plenary sessions and poster sessions. No parallel sessions were held.Totally, more than seventy oral and poster presentations as well as tutorials were made during the conference, on the basis of which about fifty papers were submitted by the authors and included in this publication. This printed version of the PCaPAC 2006 Proceedings is published at Jefferson Lab according to the decision of the PCaPAC International Program Committee of October 26, 2006.

  16. Forum on ancillary services: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Zadeh, K.N.; Meyer, R.C.

    1995-09-01

    These are proceedings for the Forum on Ancillary Services that was held on July 12 through 14, 1995 in La Jolla, California. The need for this event came from the almost coincident release of EPRI`s ``Transmission Services Costing Framework`` (EPRI TR-105121-Volume 1 and Volume 2, April 1995) and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission`s (FERC`s) Notice Of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) addressing ancillary services (Docket No. RM95-8-000, March 29, 1995). This forum could then address the subject of ancillary services prior to the deadline for comments on that NOPR and show how EPRI`s Framework relates to and could be used in addressing them. The stated objectives were to present the regulatory, technical, and economic background for provision of unbundled transmission services; discuss the requirements, metering, supply options, costing, pricing, trading mechanisms, and accounting of the ancillary services; and discuss the implications of ancillary services provision for power system planning, operation, and analysis. This two and one-half day workshop addressed the following topics: Regulatory Backdrop Emerging Industry and Market Structures, Industry Restructuring in California, NERC`s View, IPP`s View, FERC`s View, EPRI`s Transmission Services Costing Framework, Components of Transmission Services and their Costs, Costing and Pricing Methods, Loss-Compensation Service, Load-Following Service, Reserve (System Protection) Service, Energy Imbalances Service, VAR/Voltage Control Service, Scheduling and Dispatching Service, Experience in England and Wales, Investment Planning, Operations Planning, Power System Analysis, and Research and Development. These proceedings contain summaries of what was presented and discussed in each area, plus summaries of any subsequent discussion from questions, answers, and comments.

  17. 45 CFR 702.5 - Conduct of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conduct of proceedings. 702.5 Section 702.5 Public..., REPORTS, AND MEETINGS OF THE COMMISSION Hearings and Reports § 702.5 Conduct of proceedings. (a) The... proceedings and the conduct of the parties and their counsel to ensure that the proceedings are conducted in...

  18. 12 CFR 263.56 - Initial Licensing Proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Initial Licensing Proceedings. 263.56 Section... Licensing Proceedings. Proceedings with respect to applications for initial licenses shall include, but not... initial licensing proceedings, the procedures set forth in subpart A of this part shall apply, except...

  19. 49 CFR 1118.2 - Proceedings to be informal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Proceedings to be informal. 1118.2 Section 1118.2....2 Proceedings to be informal. The proceedings in all matters governed by this part will be informal. No transcript of these proceedings will be made. Subpoenas will not be issued and, except...

  20. 49 CFR 1118.2 - Proceedings to be informal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proceedings to be informal. 1118.2 Section 1118.2....2 Proceedings to be informal. The proceedings in all matters governed by this part will be informal. No transcript of these proceedings will be made. Subpoenas will not be issued and, except...

  1. 49 CFR 1118.2 - Proceedings to be informal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Proceedings to be informal. 1118.2 Section 1118.2....2 Proceedings to be informal. The proceedings in all matters governed by this part will be informal. No transcript of these proceedings will be made. Subpoenas will not be issued and, except...

  2. 49 CFR 1118.2 - Proceedings to be informal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Proceedings to be informal. 1118.2 Section 1118.2....2 Proceedings to be informal. The proceedings in all matters governed by this part will be informal. No transcript of these proceedings will be made. Subpoenas will not be issued and, except...

  3. 49 CFR 1118.2 - Proceedings to be informal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Proceedings to be informal. 1118.2 Section 1118.2....2 Proceedings to be informal. The proceedings in all matters governed by this part will be informal. No transcript of these proceedings will be made. Subpoenas will not be issued and, except...

  4. 43 CFR 4.451-2 - Proceedings in Government contests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Proceedings in Government contests. 4.451... Appeals Involving Questions of Fact § 4.451-2 Proceedings in Government contests. The proceedings in Government contests shall be governed by the rules relating to proceedings in private contests with...

  5. 43 CFR 4.451-2 - Proceedings in Government contests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proceedings in Government contests. 4.451... Appeals Involving Questions of Fact § 4.451-2 Proceedings in Government contests. The proceedings in Government contests shall be governed by the rules relating to proceedings in private contests with...

  6. 43 CFR 4.451-2 - Proceedings in Government contests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Proceedings in Government contests. 4.451... Appeals Involving Questions of Fact § 4.451-2 Proceedings in Government contests. The proceedings in Government contests shall be governed by the rules relating to proceedings in private contests with...

  7. 40 CFR 17.3 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... individual National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit under section 402 of the Clean Water Act as...) of the Noise Control Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 4910(d)). (b) If a proceeding includes both...

  8. 40 CFR 17.3 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... individual National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit under section 402 of the Clean Water Act as...) of the Noise Control Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 4910(d)). (b) If a proceeding includes both...

  9. 40 CFR 17.3 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... individual National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit under section 402 of the Clean Water Act as...) of the Noise Control Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 4910(d)). (b) If a proceeding includes both...

  10. 40 CFR 17.3 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... individual National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit under section 402 of the Clean Water Act as...) of the Noise Control Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 4910(d)). (b) If a proceeding includes both...

  11. Proceedings of the drilling technology symposium 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Weiner, P.D.; Kastor, R.L. )

    1990-01-01

    This book contains the proceedings of a symposium on drilling technology. Topics covered include: Improvement in rock bit performance; Coring the horizontal hole; Drill pipe failures; and Slim drill horizontal workover system.

  12. 29 CFR 2204.307 - Further proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT IN PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW... discovery and an evidentiary hearing, as to issues other than substantial justification (such as...

  13. 29 CFR 2570.156 - Expedited proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... instead of 29 CFR 18.42. (a) At any time after commencement of a proceeding, any party may move to advance... UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT Procedures for Issuance of Findings Under ERISA Sec....

  14. 29 CFR 2570.156 - Expedited proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... instead of 29 CFR 18.42. (a) At any time after commencement of a proceeding, any party may move to advance... UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT Procedures for Issuance of Findings Under ERISA Sec....

  15. 29 CFR 2570.156 - Expedited proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... instead of 29 CFR 18.42. (a) At any time after commencement of a proceeding, any party may move to advance... UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT Procedures for Issuance of Findings Under ERISA Sec....

  16. 29 CFR 2570.156 - Expedited proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... instead of 29 CFR 18.42. (a) At any time after commencement of a proceeding, any party may move to advance... UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT Procedures for Issuance of Findings Under ERISA Sec....

  17. HTS Wire Development Workshop: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-07-01

    The 1994 High-Temperature Superconducting Wire Development Workshop was held on February 16--17 at the St. Petersburg Hilton and Towers in St. Petersburg, Florida. The meeting was hosted by Florida Power Corporation and sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Program for Electric Power Systems. The meeting focused on recent high-temperature superconducting wire development activities in the Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Systems program. The meeting opened with a general discussion on the needs and benefits of superconductivity from a utility perspective, the US global competitiveness position, and an outlook on the overall prospects of wire development. The meeting then focused on four important technology areas: Wire characterization: issues and needs; technology for overcoming barriers: weak links and flux pinning; manufacturing issues for long wire lengths; and physical properties of HTS coils. Following in-depth presentations, working groups were formed in each technology area to discuss the most important current research and development issues. The working groups identified research areas that have the potential for greatly enhancing the wire development effort. These areas are discussed in the summary reports from each of the working groups. This document is a compilation of the workshop proceedings including all general session presentations and summary reports from the working groups.

  18. Proceedings: 1987 EPRI radwaste workshop

    SciTech Connect

    Coplan, B.V.

    1988-10-01

    The proceedings of the ninth EPRI radwaste workshop are presented. The workshop presentations followed by discussion sessions addressed wet waste minimization, installed radwaste equipment improvements, and dry active waste volume reduction. Under wet waste minimization, the presentations included bodyfeed addition to condensate polishing, root cause analysis, precoat filter optimization and evaluation of selective ion exchange. Installed radwaste equipment improvement lectures discussed project management of radwaste retrofits, hollow fiber filters and the design and construction of a solidification and dewatering facility at the Farley nuclear plant of Alabama Power Co. Reduction of dry active waste volume included presentations on alternative disposal of very low level radioactive waste, the waste segregation program at River Bend, Florida Power and Light's radwaste minimization program and the radwaste minimization program at the H.B. Robinson station. The program also included updates on the EPRI Below Regulatory Concern program, the operations at the Beatty, Richland and Barnwell disposal sites and a presentation on the operational impact of regulatory policy on mixed waste. Individual papers were processed separately for the data base.

  19. 34 CFR 85.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... term also includes appeals from those proceedings. (Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235); 20 U.S.C. 1082, 1094, 1221e-3 and 3474; and Sec. 2455, Pub. L... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Legal proceedings. 85.965 Section 85.965...

  20. Mushrooms and Health Summit proceedings.

    PubMed

    Feeney, Mary Jo; Dwyer, Johanna; Hasler-Lewis, Clare M; Milner, John A; Noakes, Manny; Rowe, Sylvia; Wach, Mark; Beelman, Robert B; Caldwell, Joe; Cantorna, Margherita T; Castlebury, Lisa A; Chang, Shu-Ting; Cheskin, Lawrence J; Clemens, Roger; Drescher, Greg; Fulgoni, Victor L; Haytowitz, David B; Hubbard, Van S; Law, David; Myrdal Miller, Amy; Minor, Bart; Percival, Susan S; Riscuta, Gabriela; Schneeman, Barbara; Thornsbury, Suzanne; Toner, Cheryl D; Woteki, Catherine E; Wu, Dayong

    2014-07-01

    The Mushroom Council convened the Mushrooms and Health Summit in Washington, DC, on 9-10 September 2013. The proceedings are synthesized in this article. Although mushrooms have long been regarded as health-promoting foods, research specific to their role in a healthful diet and in health promotion has advanced in the past decade. The earliest mushroom cultivation was documented in China, which remains among the top global mushroom producers, along with the United States, Italy, The Netherlands, and Poland. Although considered a vegetable in dietary advice, mushrooms are fungi, set apart by vitamin B-12 in very low quantity but in the same form found in meat, ergosterol converted with UV light to vitamin D2, and conjugated linoleic acid. Mushrooms are a rare source of ergothioneine as well as selenium, fiber, and several other vitamins and minerals. Some preclinical and clinical studies suggest impacts of mushrooms on cognition, weight management, oral health, and cancer risk. Preliminary evidence suggests that mushrooms may support healthy immune and inflammatory responses through interaction with the gut microbiota, enhancing development of adaptive immunity, and improved immune cell functionality. In addition to imparting direct nutritional and health benefits, analysis of U.S. food intake survey data reveals that mushrooms are associated with higher dietary quality. Also, early sensory research suggests that mushrooms blended with meats and lower sodium dishes are well liked and may help to reduce intakes of red meat and salt without compromising taste. As research progresses on the specific health effects of mushrooms, there is a need for effective communication efforts to leverage mushrooms to improve overall dietary quality.

  1. Mushrooms and Health Summit proceedings.

    PubMed

    Feeney, Mary Jo; Dwyer, Johanna; Hasler-Lewis, Clare M; Milner, John A; Noakes, Manny; Rowe, Sylvia; Wach, Mark; Beelman, Robert B; Caldwell, Joe; Cantorna, Margherita T; Castlebury, Lisa A; Chang, Shu-Ting; Cheskin, Lawrence J; Clemens, Roger; Drescher, Greg; Fulgoni, Victor L; Haytowitz, David B; Hubbard, Van S; Law, David; Myrdal Miller, Amy; Minor, Bart; Percival, Susan S; Riscuta, Gabriela; Schneeman, Barbara; Thornsbury, Suzanne; Toner, Cheryl D; Woteki, Catherine E; Wu, Dayong

    2014-07-01

    The Mushroom Council convened the Mushrooms and Health Summit in Washington, DC, on 9-10 September 2013. The proceedings are synthesized in this article. Although mushrooms have long been regarded as health-promoting foods, research specific to their role in a healthful diet and in health promotion has advanced in the past decade. The earliest mushroom cultivation was documented in China, which remains among the top global mushroom producers, along with the United States, Italy, The Netherlands, and Poland. Although considered a vegetable in dietary advice, mushrooms are fungi, set apart by vitamin B-12 in very low quantity but in the same form found in meat, ergosterol converted with UV light to vitamin D2, and conjugated linoleic acid. Mushrooms are a rare source of ergothioneine as well as selenium, fiber, and several other vitamins and minerals. Some preclinical and clinical studies suggest impacts of mushrooms on cognition, weight management, oral health, and cancer risk. Preliminary evidence suggests that mushrooms may support healthy immune and inflammatory responses through interaction with the gut microbiota, enhancing development of adaptive immunity, and improved immune cell functionality. In addition to imparting direct nutritional and health benefits, analysis of U.S. food intake survey data reveals that mushrooms are associated with higher dietary quality. Also, early sensory research suggests that mushrooms blended with meats and lower sodium dishes are well liked and may help to reduce intakes of red meat and salt without compromising taste. As research progresses on the specific health effects of mushrooms, there is a need for effective communication efforts to leverage mushrooms to improve overall dietary quality. PMID:24812070

  2. 77 FR 48679 - Changes to Implement Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Post-Grant Review Proceedings, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ... Patent Trial and Appeal Board Decisions, 77 FR 6879 (Feb. 9, 2012), to provide a consolidated set of... Regulations (RIN 0651-AC70); (2) Changes to Implement Inter Partes Review Proceedings, 77 FR 7041 (Feb. 10... (RIN 0651-AC71); (3) Changes to Implement Post-Grant Review Proceedings, 77 FR 7060 (Feb. 10, 2012),...

  3. 1988 DOE model conference proceedings: Volume 5

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    These Proceedings of the October 3--7, 1988 DOE Model Conference are a compilation of the papers that were presented in the technical or poster sessions at the conference papers and posters not submitted for publication are not included in the Proceedings. The Table of Contents lists the titles of papers as well as the names of the presenters. These individuals are not, in all cases, the primary authors of the papers published. The actual title pages, appearing later with the papers, show the primary author(s) and all co-authors. The papers in all three volumes of the Proceedings appear as they were originally submitted for publication and have not been edited or changed in any way. Topics discussed in Volume 5 include environmental assessments and program strategies, waste treatment technologies, and regulations and compliance studies.

  4. 1988 DOE model conference proceedings: Volume 4

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    These Proceedings of the October 3-7, 1988, DOE Model Conference are a compilation of the papers that were presented in the technical or poster sessions at the conference. Papers and posters not submitted for publication are not included in the Proceedings. The Table of Contents lists the titles of papers as well as the names of the presenters. These individuals are not, in all cases, the primary authors of the papers published. The actual title pages, appearing later with the papers, show the primary author(s) and all co-authors. The papers in all three volumes of the Proceedings appear as they were originally submitted for publication and have not been edited or changed in any way. Topics discussed in Volume 4 include site characterization and remediation projects, environmental monitoring and modeling; disposal site selection and facility design, risk assessment, safety and health issues, and site remediation technology.

  5. 1988 DOE model conference proceedings: Volume 1

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    These Proceedings of the October 3-7, 1988, DOE Model Conference are a compilation of the papers that were presented in the technical or poster sessions at the conference. Papers and posters not submitted for publication are not included in the Proceedings. The Table of Contents lists the titles of papers as well as the names of the presenters. These individuals are not, in all cases, the primary authors of the papers published. The actual title pages, appearing later with the papers, show the primary author(s) and all co-authors. The papers in all three volumes of the Proceedings appear as they were originally submitted for publication and have not been edited or changed in any way. Topics included in Volume 1 are Environmental Data Management, Site characterization technology, Wastewater treatment, Waste management in foreign countries, Transuranic waste management, and Groundwater characterization and treatment.

  6. 1988 DOE model conference proceedings: Volume 3

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    These Proceedings of the October 3 - 7, 1988, DOE Model Conference are a compilation of the papers that were presented in the technical or poster sessions at the conference. Papers and posters not submitted for publication are not included in the Proceedings. The Table of Contents lists the titles of papers as well as the names of the presenters. These individuals are not, in all cases, the primary authors of the papers published. The actual title pages, appearing later with the papers, show the primary author(s) and all co-authors. The papers in all three volumes of the proceedings appear as they were originally submitted for publication and have not been edited or changed in any way. Topics included in Volume 3 include treatment of soils, waste characterization and certification, waste minimization site remediation management plans and programs, and training programs.

  7. Proceedings of the NASA Laboratory Astrophysics Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Salama, Farid (Editor)

    2002-01-01

    This document is the proceedings of the NASA Laboratory Astrophysics Workshop, convened May 1-3, 2002 at NASA's Ames Research Center. Sponsored by the NASA Office of Space Science (OSS), this programmatic workshop is held periodically by NASA to discuss the current state of knowledge in the interdisciplinary field of laboratory astrophysics and to identify the science priorities (needs) in support of NASA's space missions. An important goal of the Workshop is to provide input to OSS in the form of a white paper for incorporation in its strategic planning. This report comprises a record of the complete proceedings of the Workshop and the Laboratory Astrophysics White Paper drafted at the Workshop.

  8. RHIC spin physics: Proceedings. Volume 7

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    This proceedings compiles one-page summaries and five transparencies for each talk, with the intention that the speaker should include a web location for additional information in the summary. Also, email addresses are given with the participant list. The order follows the agenda: gluon, polarimetry, accelerator, W production and quark/antiquark polarization, parity violation searches, transversity, single transverse spin, small angle elastic scattering, and the final talk on ep collisions at RHIC. The authors begin the Proceedings with the full set of transparencies from Bob Jaffe`s colloquium on spin, by popular request.

  9. 29 CFR 501.36 - Caption of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice § 501.36 Caption of proceeding... Administrator shall be identified as plaintiff and the person requesting such hearing shall be named...

  10. Proceedings of the XI international Rubus and Ribes symposium

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This proceedings book summarizes the latest internationial research concerning Rubus, Ribes and their wild relatives. This proceedings includes 82 scientific reports from international scientists concerning the genetics and germplasm, pests and diseases, physiology and production systems, post harve...

  11. 36 CFR 218.14 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Authorized by the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 § 218.14 Judicial proceedings. The objection... present a full and fair opportunity for concerns to be raised and considered on a project-by-project basis... judicial review of an authorized hazardous fuel reduction project is premature and inappropriate unless...

  12. 36 CFR 218.14 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Authorized by the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 § 218.14 Judicial proceedings. The objection... present a full and fair opportunity for concerns to be raised and considered on a project-by-project basis... judicial review of an authorized hazardous fuel reduction project is premature and inappropriate unless...

  13. 36 CFR 218.14 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Authorized by the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 § 218.14 Judicial proceedings. The objection... present a full and fair opportunity for concerns to be raised and considered on a project-by-project basis... judicial review of an authorized hazardous fuel reduction project is premature and inappropriate unless...

  14. 77 FR 64446 - Wireless Microphones Proceeding

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ... station users, which currently operate in the TV broadcast spectrum on an unlicensed basis, to operate on...) what steps the Commission should take to promote more efficient use of this spectrum by wireless... Auctions proceeding proposing auction of spectrum currently allocated to television broadcasting. \\1\\...

  15. Proceedings: A Special Study Institute Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    Described are proceedings of a 1973 institute in Nassau County (New York) to provide general education administrators with an overview of special education administration as well as the interface between special and general education. It is noted that the institute was cosponsored by the Division of Handicapped Children of the New York State…

  16. 36 CFR 215.21 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial proceedings. 215.21 Section 215.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NOTICE, COMMENT, AND APPEAL PROCEDURES FOR NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES § 215.21...

  17. 36 CFR 215.21 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Judicial proceedings. 215.21 Section 215.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NOTICE, COMMENT, AND APPEAL PROCEDURES FOR NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES § 215.21...

  18. 36 CFR 215.21 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial proceedings. 215.21 Section 215.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NOTICE, COMMENT, AND APPEAL PROCEDURES FOR NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES § 215.21...

  19. 36 CFR 215.21 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial proceedings. 215.21 Section 215.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NOTICE, COMMENT, AND APPEAL PROCEDURES FOR NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES § 215.21...

  20. 36 CFR 215.21 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Judicial proceedings. 215.21 Section 215.21 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NOTICE, COMMENT, AND APPEAL PROCEDURES FOR NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES § 215.21...

  1. 29 CFR 16.104 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the Secretary of Labor EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT General Provisions § 16.104 Proceedings covered. (a... labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act at 29 U.S.C. 216(e) and 29 CFR part 579. (ii) Violations and debarment in Federal contracts under the Walsh-Healey Act at 41 U.S.C. 39 and 41 CFR...

  2. Proceedings: 2000 Workshop on Condensate Polishing

    SciTech Connect

    2001-06-01

    Condensate polishing maintains control of impurities in the nuclear power plant and allows the unit to operate more reliably. This report presents proceedings of EPRI's 2000 Workshop on Condensate Polishing, where 30 papers were presented on current issues and utility experience involving condensate polishing at both pressurized water reactor (PWR) and boiling water reactor (BWR) plants.

  3. 12 CFR 225.31 - Control proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Board's Rules of Practice for Formal Hearings (12 CFR part 263). (3) After considering the submissions... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Control proceedings. 225.31 Section 225.31... BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND CHANGE IN BANK CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Control and...

  4. 12 CFR 225.31 - Control proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Evidence and the Board's Rules of Practice for Formal Hearings (12 CFR part 263). (3) After considering the... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Control proceedings. 225.31 Section 225.31... (CONTINUED) BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND CHANGE IN BANK CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Control...

  5. Intergas `95: International unconventional gas symposium. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-01

    The International Unconventional Gas Symposium was held on May 14--20, 1995 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama where 52 reports were presented. These reports are grouped in this proceedings under: geology and resources; mine degasification and safety; international developments; reservoir characterization/coal science; and environmental/legal and regulatory. Each report has been processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  6. 14 CFR 13.115 - Public proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Presiding Officer determines that the public interest requires otherwise. (b) The Presiding Officer may... adversely affect the interests of any person and is not required in the public interest or is not otherwise... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public proceedings. 13.115 Section...

  7. SPACE: Enhancing Life on Earth. Proceedings Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hobden, Alan (Editor); Hobden, Beverly (Editor); Bagley, Larry E. (Editor); Bolton, Ed (Editor); Campaigne, Len O. (Editor); Cole, Ron (Editor); France, Marty (Editor); Hand, Rich (Editor); McKinley, Cynthia (Editor); Zimkas, Chuck (Editor)

    1996-01-01

    The proceedings of the 12th National Space Symposium on Enhancing Life on Earth is presented. Technological areas discussed include: Space applications and cooperation; Earth sensing, communication, and navigation applications; Global security interests in space; and International space station and space launch capabilities. An appendices that include featured speakers, program participants, and abbreviation & acronyms glossary is also attached.

  8. Fourteenth workshop geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Kruger, P.; Horne, R.N.; Miller, F.G.; Brigham, W.E.; Cook, J.W.

    1989-12-31

    The Fourteenth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 24--26, 1989. Major areas of discussion include: (1) well testing; (2) various field results; (3) geoscience; (4) geochemistry; (5) reinjection; (6) hot dry rock; and (7) numerical modelling. For these workshop proceedings, individual papers are processed separately for the Energy Data Base.

  9. Fourteenth workshop geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Kruger, P.; Horne, R.N.; Miller, F.G.; Brigham, W.E.; Cook, J.W.

    1989-01-01

    The Fourteenth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 24--26, 1989. Major areas of discussion include: (1) well testing; (2) various field results; (3) geoscience; (4) geochemistry; (5) reinjection; (6) hot dry rock; and (7) numerical modelling. For these workshop proceedings, individual papers are processed separately for the Energy Data Base.

  10. Proceedings of the Conference on Educational Accountability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.

    This Educational Testing Service conference provided an opportunity to clarify many of the issues and problems involved with educational accountability. Among these issues were assessment, evaluation, auditing, and performance contracting. The papers included in these proceedings are: The Means and Ends of Accountability (Terrel H. Bell); Issues…

  11. 29 CFR 5.12 - Debarment proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... shall be conducted in accordance with 29 CFR part 6. If no hearing is requested within 30 days of... petition for review by the Administrative Review Board pursuant to 29 CFR part 7. (d)(1) Section 3(a) of...). Such proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures set forth at 29 CFR part 6....

  12. 16 CFR 5.52 - Nonpublic proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonpublic proceedings. 5.52 Section 5.52 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE STANDARDS OF CONDUCT Disciplinary Actions Concerning Postemployment Conflict of Interest § 5.52 Nonpublic...

  13. 6 CFR 7.13 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Judicial proceedings. 7.13 Section 7.13 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION... classified information (see 6 CFR 5.41 through 5.49), required to submit classified information for...

  14. 6 CFR 7.13 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Judicial proceedings. 7.13 Section 7.13 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION... classified information (see 6 CFR 5.41 through 5.49), required to submit classified information for...

  15. 21 CFR 1404.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Legal proceedings. 1404.965 Section 1404.965 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION.... 3801-3812), to which the Federal Government or a State or local government or...

  16. 21 CFR 1404.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Legal proceedings. 1404.965 Section 1404.965 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION.... 3801-3812), to which the Federal Government or a State or local government or...

  17. 21 CFR 1404.965 - Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Legal proceedings. 1404.965 Section 1404.965 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION.... 3801-3812), to which the Federal Government or a State or local government or...

  18. 29 CFR 2570.156 - Expedited proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974 PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT Procedures for Issuance of Findings Under ERISA Sec. 3... instead of 29 CFR 18.42. (a) At any time after commencement of a proceeding, any party may move to...

  19. 29 CFR 16.104 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the Secretary of Labor EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT General Provisions § 16.104 Proceedings covered. (a... labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act at 29 U.S.C. 216(e) and 29 CFR part 579. (ii) Violations and debarment in Federal contracts under the Walsh-Healey Act at 41 U.S.C. 39 and 41 CFR...

  20. 29 CFR 16.104 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the Secretary of Labor EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT General Provisions § 16.104 Proceedings covered. (a... labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act at 29 U.S.C. 216(e) and 29 CFR part 579. (ii) Violations and debarment in Federal contracts under the Walsh-Healey Act at 41 U.S.C. 39 and 41 CFR...

  1. 29 CFR 16.104 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the Secretary of Labor EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT General Provisions § 16.104 Proceedings covered. (a... labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act at 29 U.S.C. 216(e) and 29 CFR part 579. (ii) Violations and debarment in Federal contracts under the Walsh-Healey Act at 41 U.S.C. 39 and 41 CFR...

  2. 16 CFR 1.64 - Condemnation proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Condemnation proceedings. 1.64 Section 1.64 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL... under the Wool Products Labeling Act of 1939 and Fur Products Labeling Act, and where it appears to...

  3. 16 CFR 1.64 - Condemnation proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Condemnation proceedings. 1.64 Section 1.64 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL... under the Wool Products Labeling Act of 1939 and Fur Products Labeling Act, and where it appears to...

  4. 16 CFR 1.64 - Condemnation proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Condemnation proceedings. 1.64 Section 1.64 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE GENERAL... under the Wool Products Labeling Act of 1939 and Fur Products Labeling Act, and where it appears to...

  5. Indian Child Welfare Act Proceedings. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-06-14

    This final rule adds a new subpart to the Department of the Interior's (Department) regulations implementing the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), to improve ICWA implementation. The final rule addresses requirements for State courts in ensuring implementation of ICWA in Indian child-welfare proceedings and requirements for States to maintain records under ICWA.

  6. 4 CFR 28.133 - Stay proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Stay proceedings. 28.133 Section 28.133 Accounts... request shall be in writing and shall specify the nature of the action to be stayed and the basis for the... alleged prohibited personnel practice as specified by the Board's General Counsel; (2) Assess the...

  7. 15 CFR 18.4 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... conducted by the Department under 42 U.S.C. 2000d-1 and 15 CFR 8.12(d). (ii) Handicap discrimination hearings conducted by the Department under 29 U.S.C. 794(a) and 15 CFR 8.12(d). (2) National Oceanic and... administered by NOAA. (3) International Trade Administration. Enforcement proceedings under the...

  8. 15 CFR 18.4 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... conducted by the Department under 42 U.S.C. 2000d-1 and 15 CFR 8.12(d). (ii) Handicap discrimination hearings conducted by the Department under 29 U.S.C. 794(a) and 15 CFR 8.12(d). (2) National Oceanic and... administered by NOAA. (3) International Trade Administration. Enforcement proceedings under the...

  9. 15 CFR 18.4 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... conducted by the Department under 42 U.S.C. 2000d-1 and 15 CFR 8.12(d). (ii) Handicap discrimination hearings conducted by the Department under 29 U.S.C. 794(a) and 15 CFR 8.12(d). (2) National Oceanic and... administered by NOAA. (3) International Trade Administration. Enforcement proceedings under the...

  10. Wilderness And Individual Freedom. Conference Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon Univ., Eugene.

    A fundamental statement of the only philosophy that can really lead to protection of wild lands emerged from the proceedings of the March, 1976 Wilderness and Individual Freedom Conference--there must be more citizen participation in wilderness decisions because there is a great diversity of wilderness users and because we cannot separate what…

  11. 16 CFR 1.13 - Rulemaking proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... among a group of persons with the same or similar interests; (vi) To require that oral presentations at... officer shall identify groups of persons with the same or similar interests in the proceeding. Any such group may be required to select a single representative for the purpose of examination, including...

  12. 25 CFR 43.11 - Informal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION MAINTENANCE AND CONTROL OF STUDENT RECORDS IN BUREAU SCHOOLS § 43.11 Informal proceedings. Educational institutions may attempt to resolve differences with the parent of a student or the eligible student regarding the content of the student's...

  13. 25 CFR 43.11 - Informal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION MAINTENANCE AND CONTROL OF STUDENT RECORDS IN BUREAU SCHOOLS § 43.11 Informal proceedings. Educational institutions may attempt to resolve differences with the parent of a student or the eligible student regarding the content of the student's...

  14. Children's Rights and Child Custody Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Jessica; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Analyzed 160 contested child custody cases to explore the role of children and determine the extent to which judges use discretionary powers. Results suggested children rarely provide any direct input into divorce/custody proceedings, questioning whether judges fulfill their duty to determine the child's best interests in such cases. (JAC)

  15. 6 CFR 7.13 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Procedures Established Pursuant to Public Law 96-456, 94 Stat. 2025, by the Chief Justice of the United... classified information (see 6 CFR 5.41 through 5.49), required to submit classified information for official... proceeding in any manner, the DHS General Counsel attorney, in conjunction with the Department of...

  16. International Energy and Environmental Congress: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    This document contains information presented at the International Energy and Environmental Congress `93 proceedings. Symposiums included demand-side management strategic directions; federal energy management; corporate energy management; and pollution control technologies. Individual reports from the symposiums are processed separately for the data bases.

  17. 7 CFR 1.183 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) Any proceeding in which the Department may prescribe a lawful present or future rate is not covered by....S.C. 1766) Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 604, 606, 607(e), 608, 671) Federal Seed Act (7...

  18. 7 CFR 1.183 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) Any proceeding in which the Department may prescribe a lawful present or future rate is not covered by....S.C. 1766) Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 604, 606, 607(e), 608, 671) Federal Seed Act (7...

  19. 7 CFR 1.183 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) Any proceeding in which the Department may prescribe a lawful present or future rate is not covered by....S.C. 1766) Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 604, 606, 607(e), 608, 671) Federal Seed Act (7...

  20. 29 CFR 1902.17 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.17 Section 1902.17 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Submission, Approval and Rejection of State Plans Procedure for Proposed Or Possible Rejection of Plan § 1902.17 The...

  1. 29 CFR 1902.17 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.17 Section 1902.17 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Submission, Approval and Rejection of State Plans Procedure for Proposed Or Possible Rejection of Plan § 1902.17 The...

  2. 29 CFR 1902.17 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.17 Section 1902.17 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Submission, Approval and Rejection of State Plans Procedure for Proposed Or Possible Rejection of Plan § 1902.17 The...

  3. 29 CFR 1902.48 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.48 Section 1902.48 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Determinations Under section 18(e) of the Act Procedure for Reconsideration and Revocation of An Affirmative 18(e)...

  4. 29 CFR 1902.17 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.17 Section 1902.17 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Submission, Approval and Rejection of State Plans Procedure for Proposed Or Possible Rejection of Plan § 1902.17 The...

  5. 29 CFR 1902.48 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.48 Section 1902.48 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Determinations Under section 18(e) of the Act Procedure for Reconsideration and Revocation of An Affirmative 18(e)...

  6. 29 CFR 1902.48 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.48 Section 1902.48 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Determinations Under section 18(e) of the Act Procedure for Reconsideration and Revocation of An Affirmative 18(e)...

  7. 29 CFR 1902.17 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.17 Section 1902.17 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Submission, Approval and Rejection of State Plans Procedure for Proposed Or Possible Rejection of Plan § 1902.17 The...

  8. 29 CFR 1902.48 - The proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false The proceeding. 1902.48 Section 1902.48 Labor Regulations... PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Determinations Under section 18(e) of the Act Procedure for Reconsideration and Revocation of An Affirmative 18(e)...

  9. 77 FR 13322 - Termination of Dormant Proceedings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-06

    ... Part 0 Rules of Commission Organization, Report and Order, 76 FR 24383, May 2, 2011, which revised... Proceedings as Dormant, document DA 12-220, released on February 15, 2012 in CG Docket No. 12-39. The full text of document DA 12-220 and copies of any subsequently filed documents in this matter will...

  10. Proceedings. Pharmacy Cadre Training Structured Externship Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas Univ., Lawrence. School of Pharmacy.

    The proceedings are for two workshops, held in November 1972 and April 1973, in the process of establishing a structured externship in pharmacy. At the first workshop the field instructors were apprised of the goals and techniques of the project, and the policy of the program was developed. At the followup workshop the experiences of the first…

  11. Adults as Learners: Proceedings of a Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bortner, Rayman W., Ed.; And Others

    The proceedings consist of 11 papers grouped in two major categories: the context of adult learning (social significance and fact and fiction about adult learning) and the utilization of learning models for adult instruction. Contributors are Floyd B. Fischer, George L. Maddox, Rolf H. Monge, Eric F. Gardner, Arthur W. Combs, William J. Hoyer,…

  12. 17 CFR 148.3 - Proceedings covered.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... denial actions under section 8c of the Commodity Exchange Act, 7 U.S.C. 12c, and registered futures association disciplinary and membership denial actions under section 17 of the Commodity Exchange Act, 7 U.S.C... covered if they are otherwise adjudicatory proceedings. For the Commission, the types of...

  13. 28 CFR 2.14 - Subsequent proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Subsequent proceedings. 2.14 Section 2.14 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND RECOMMITMENT OF PRISONERS, YOUTH OFFENDERS, AND JUVENILE DELINQUENTS United States Code Prisoners and Parolees § 2.14...

  14. 28 CFR 2.75 - Reconsideration proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reconsideration proceedings. 2.75 Section 2.75 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND RECOMMITMENT OF PRISONERS, YOUTH OFFENDERS, AND JUVENILE DELINQUENTS District of Columbia Code: Prisoners and Parolees §...

  15. 29 CFR 101.16 - Backpay proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Backpay proceedings. 101.16 Section 101.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under Section 10 (a) to (i) of the Act and Telegraph Merger Act Cases § 101.16 Backpay...

  16. 29 CFR 101.16 - Backpay proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Backpay proceedings. 101.16 Section 101.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under Section 10 (a) to (i) of the Act and Telegraph Merger Act Cases § 101.16 Backpay...

  17. 29 CFR 101.16 - Backpay proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Backpay proceedings. 101.16 Section 101.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under Section 10 (a) to (i) of the Act and Telegraph Merger Act Cases § 101.16 Backpay...

  18. 29 CFR 101.16 - Backpay proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Backpay proceedings. 101.16 Section 101.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under Section 10 (a) to (i) of the Act and Telegraph Merger Act Cases § 101.16 Backpay...

  19. 13 CFR 120.347 - Use of proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Use of proceeds. 120.347 Section 120.347 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Special Purpose Loans International Trade Loans § 120.347 Use of proceeds. The Borrower may use loan proceeds to...

  20. 37 CFR 1.197 - Termination of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES National Processing Provisions Appeal to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board § 1.197 Termination of proceedings. (a) (b) Termination of proceedings. (1) Proceedings on an application are considered terminated by the dismissal of an appeal or the failure to...

  1. 42 CFR 412.258 - Parties to MGCRB proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Parties to MGCRB proceeding. 412.258 Section 412... Classification Review Board Composition and Procedures § 412.258 Parties to MGCRB proceeding. (a) The party or parties to an MGCRB proceeding are the hospital or group of hospitals requesting a change in...

  2. 9 CFR 52.5 - Report of net salvage proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Report of net salvage proceeds. 52.5... PSEUDORABIES § 52.5 Report of net salvage proceeds. A report of the amount for net salvage derived from the... form that shows the gross receipts, expenses if any, and net proceeds. The original or a copy of...

  3. 14 CFR 303.44 - Show cause proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Show cause proceedings. 303.44 Section 303... cause proceedings. If the Assistant Secretary determines that an application, or review of a previously granted application, will be considered in a show cause proceeding, a tentative decision shall be...

  4. 14 CFR 303.44 - Show cause proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Show cause proceedings. 303.44 Section 303... cause proceedings. If the Assistant Secretary determines that an application, or review of a previously granted application, will be considered in a show cause proceeding, a tentative decision shall be...

  5. 14 CFR 303.44 - Show cause proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Show cause proceedings. 303.44 Section 303... cause proceedings. If the Assistant Secretary determines that an application, or review of a previously granted application, will be considered in a show cause proceeding, a tentative decision shall be...

  6. 14 CFR 303.44 - Show cause proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Show cause proceedings. 303.44 Section 303... cause proceedings. If the Assistant Secretary determines that an application, or review of a previously granted application, will be considered in a show cause proceeding, a tentative decision shall be...

  7. 14 CFR 303.44 - Show cause proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Show cause proceedings. 303.44 Section 303... cause proceedings. If the Assistant Secretary determines that an application, or review of a previously granted application, will be considered in a show cause proceeding, a tentative decision shall be...

  8. 49 CFR 389.25 - Additional rule making proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Additional rule making proceedings. 389.25 Section 389.25 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER... making proceedings. The Administrator may initiate any further rule making proceedings that he/she...

  9. 49 CFR 389.25 - Additional rule making proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Additional rule making proceedings. 389.25 Section 389.25 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER... making proceedings. The Administrator may initiate any further rule making proceedings that he/she...

  10. 49 CFR 389.25 - Additional rule making proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Additional rule making proceedings. 389.25 Section 389.25 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER... making proceedings. The Administrator may initiate any further rule making proceedings that he/she...

  11. 49 CFR 389.25 - Additional rule making proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Additional rule making proceedings. 389.25 Section 389.25 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER... making proceedings. The Administrator may initiate any further rule making proceedings that he/she...

  12. 29 CFR 2200.203 - Commencing Simplified Proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Commencing Simplified Proceedings. 2200.203 Section 2200.203 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION RULES OF PROCEDURE Simplified Proceedings § 2200.203 Commencing Simplified Proceedings. (a)...

  13. 29 CFR 2200.203 - Commencing Simplified Proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencing Simplified Proceedings. 2200.203 Section 2200.203 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION RULES OF PROCEDURE Simplified Proceedings § 2200.203 Commencing Simplified Proceedings. (a)...

  14. 29 CFR 2200.203 - Commencing Simplified Proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Commencing Simplified Proceedings. 2200.203 Section 2200.203 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION RULES OF PROCEDURE Simplified Proceedings § 2200.203 Commencing Simplified Proceedings. (a)...

  15. 18 CFR 401.86 - Record of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Record of proceedings. 401.86 Section 401.86 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Administrative and Other Hearings § 401.86 Record of proceedings. A record of the proceedings...

  16. 25 CFR 158.55 - Institution of partition proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Institution of partition proceedings. 158.55 Section 158... Institution of partition proceedings. (a) Prior authorization should be obtained from the Secretary, or his authorized representative, before the institution of proceedings to partition the lands of deceased...

  17. 25 CFR 158.55 - Institution of partition proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Institution of partition proceedings. 158.55 Section 158... Institution of partition proceedings. (a) Prior authorization should be obtained from the Secretary, or his authorized representative, before the institution of proceedings to partition the lands of deceased...

  18. 13 CFR 120.347 - Use of proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Use of proceeds. 120.347 Section 120.347 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Special Purpose Loans International Trade Loans § 120.347 Use of proceeds. The Borrower may use loan proceeds to...

  19. 13 CFR 120.347 - Use of proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Use of proceeds. 120.347 Section 120.347 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Special Purpose Loans International Trade Loans § 120.347 Use of proceeds. The Borrower may use loan proceeds to...

  20. 13 CFR 120.347 - Use of proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Use of proceeds. 120.347 Section 120.347 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Special Purpose Loans International Trade Loans § 120.347 Use of proceeds. The Borrower may use loan proceeds to...

  1. 13 CFR 120.347 - Use of proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Use of proceeds. 120.347 Section 120.347 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Special Purpose Loans International Trade Loans § 120.347 Use of proceeds. The Borrower may use loan proceeds to...

  2. 24 CFR 27.115 - Disposition of sales proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Disposition of sales proceeds. 27... Foreclosure of Single Family Mortgages § 27.115 Disposition of sales proceeds. The foreclosure commissioner... enable the Secretary to audit the foreclosure commissioner's disposition of the sale proceeds....

  3. 24 CFR 27.40 - Disposition of sale proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Disposition of sale proceeds. 27.40... Multifamily Mortgages § 27.40 Disposition of sale proceeds. (a) The priority of the Secretary's lien shall be... payable from sales proceeds, the claim of each party holding the same kind of lien or assessment will...

  4. 48 CFR 245.610-3 - Proceeds of sale.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proceeds of sale. 245.610... Contractor Inventory 245.610-3 Proceeds of sale. (1) Unless otherwise provided in the contract, the proceeds of any sale, purchase, or retention shall be— (i) Credited to the Government as part of...

  5. 38 CFR 19.3 - Assignment of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assignment of proceedings... Assignment of proceedings. (a) Assignment. The Chairman may assign a proceeding instituted before the Board, including any motion, to an individual Member or to a panel of three or more Members for adjudication...

  6. 50 CFR 12.41 - Petition for restoration of proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Petition for restoration of proceeds. 12... WILDLIFE AND PLANTS SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE PROCEDURES Restoration of Proceeds and Recovery of Storage Costs § 12.41 Petition for restoration of proceeds. (a) Any person claiming any property or interest...

  7. 50 CFR 12.41 - Petition for restoration of proceeds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Petition for restoration of proceeds. 12... WILDLIFE AND PLANTS SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE PROCEDURES Restoration of Proceeds and Recovery of Storage Costs § 12.41 Petition for restoration of proceeds. (a) Any person claiming any property or interest...

  8. 16 CFR 1025.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 1025.2 Section 1025.2 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules, Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 1025.2 Nature...

  9. 49 CFR 511.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 511.2 Section... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 511.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative...

  10. 39 CFR 3001.18 - Nature of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Nature of proceedings. 3001.18 Section 3001.18 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.18 Nature of proceedings. (a) Proceedings to be set for hearing. Except as...

  11. 39 CFR 3001.18 - Nature of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Nature of proceedings. 3001.18 Section 3001.18 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.18 Nature of proceedings. (a) Proceedings to be set for hearing. Except as...

  12. 39 CFR 3001.18 - Nature of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Nature of proceedings. 3001.18 Section 3001.18 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.18 Nature of proceedings. (a) Proceedings to be set for hearing. Except as...

  13. 16 CFR 1025.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 1025.2 Section 1025.2 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules, Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 1025.2 Nature...

  14. 49 CFR 511.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 511.2 Section... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 511.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative...

  15. 16 CFR 1025.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 1025.2 Section 1025.2 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules, Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 1025.2 Nature...

  16. 16 CFR 1025.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 1025.2 Section 1025.2 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules, Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 1025.2 Nature...

  17. 49 CFR 511.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 511.2 Section... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 511.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative...

  18. 49 CFR 511.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 511.2 Section... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 511.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative...

  19. 39 CFR 3001.18 - Nature of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Nature of proceedings. 3001.18 Section 3001.18 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.18 Nature of proceedings. (a) Proceedings to be set for hearing. Except as...

  20. 46 CFR 169.211 - Permit to proceed for repair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Permit to proceed for repair. 169.211 Section 169.211... Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.211 Permit to proceed for repair. (a) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may issue a permit to proceed to another port for repair, Form...

  1. 26 CFR 20.2042-1 - Proceeds of life insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Proceeds of life insurance. 20.2042-1 Section... Proceeds of life insurance. (a) In general. (1) Section 2042 provides for the inclusion in a decedent's gross estate of the proceeds of insurance on the decedent's life (i) receivable by or for the benefit...

  2. 31 CFR 515.552 - Proceeds of insurance policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy § 515.552 Proceeds of insurance policies. (a) Specific licenses are issued authorizing payment of the proceeds of blocked life insurance policies issued on the... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Proceeds of insurance policies....

  3. 31 CFR 500.557 - Proceeds of insurance policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., Authorizations and Statements of Licensing Policy § 500.557 Proceeds of insurance policies. (a) Specific licenses are issued authorizing payment of the proceeds of blocked life insurance policies issued on the life... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Proceeds of insurance policies....

  4. 17 CFR 229.1117 - (Item 1117) Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false (Item 1117) Legal proceedings. 229.1117 Section 229.1117 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION....1117 (Item 1117) Legal proceedings. Describe briefly any legal proceedings pending against the...

  5. 17 CFR 229.103 - (Item 103) Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false (Item 103) Legal proceedings... AND CONSERVATION ACT OF 1975-REGULATION S-K Business § 229.103 (Item 103) Legal proceedings. Describe briefly any material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to...

  6. 17 CFR 229.1117 - (Item 1117) Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false (Item 1117) Legal proceedings. 229.1117 Section 229.1117 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION....1117 (Item 1117) Legal proceedings. Describe briefly any legal proceedings pending against the...

  7. 22 CFR 401.24 - Expenses of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Expenses of proceedings. 401.24 Section 401.24 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE Applications § 401.24 Expenses of proceedings. (a) The expenses of those participating in any proceeding under...

  8. 21 CFR 1404.835 - Are debarment proceedings formal?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are debarment proceedings formal? 1404.835 Section 1404.835 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Debarment § 1404.835 Are debarment proceedings formal? (a) Debarment proceedings are conducted...

  9. 17 CFR 1.60 - Pending legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Pending legal proceedings. 1... REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Miscellaneous § 1.60 Pending legal proceedings. (a) Every... Commission may thereafter request filed in any material legal proceeding to which the contract market is...

  10. 17 CFR 1.60 - Pending legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Pending legal proceedings. 1... REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Miscellaneous § 1.60 Pending legal proceedings. (a) Every... Commission may thereafter request filed in any material legal proceeding to which the contract market is...

  11. 17 CFR 1.60 - Pending legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Pending legal proceedings. 1... REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Miscellaneous § 1.60 Pending legal proceedings. (a) Every... Commission may thereafter request filed in any material legal proceeding to which the contract market is...

  12. 17 CFR 1.60 - Pending legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Pending legal proceedings. 1... REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Miscellaneous § 1.60 Pending legal proceedings. (a) Every... Commission may thereafter request filed in any material legal proceeding to which the contract market is...

  13. 37 CFR 351.1 - Initiation of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Initiation of proceedings. 351.1 Section 351.1 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ROYALTY JUDGES RULES AND PROCEDURES PROCEEDINGS § 351.1 Initiation of proceedings. (a) Notice...

  14. 37 CFR 351.1 - Initiation of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Initiation of proceedings. 351.1 Section 351.1 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ROYALTY JUDGES RULES AND PROCEDURES PROCEEDINGS § 351.1 Initiation of proceedings. (a) Notice...

  15. 39 CFR 3001.18 - Nature of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nature of proceedings. 3001.18 Section 3001.18 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.18 Nature of proceedings. (a) Proceedings to be set for hearing. Except as...

  16. 49 CFR 511.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 511.2 Section... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 511.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative...

  17. 16 CFR 1025.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 1025.2 Section 1025.2 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules, Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 1025.2 Nature...

  18. Preface for DRIP X proceedings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Landesman (Chairman), Jean-Pierre; Montgomery (Co-Chairman), Paul C.

    2004-07-01

    fill with enthusiasm the young and the not-so-young researchers alike to face up to the ever present challenges of defect analysis in semiconductors. We were reminded that with the large variety of imaging techniques available and the vast improvements in technology, there lies ahead tremendous potential for gaining a better understanding of defects in semiconductors by applying image processing techniques. DRIP X was arranged into 13 oral sessions, consisting of 12 invited talks and 59 contributed papers, and two poster sessions made up from 76 contributed papers. The Proceeding chapters reflect the oral sessions with the poster papers being added to the relevant sessions. The sessions covered the following topics: Sessions 1 and 2 were on nanostructures and near field probe techniques, with invited papers from F. Priolo on the luminescence properties of Si nanocrystals and L.K. Orlov on quantum wires in GaAs/GaInAs materials systems prepared by electrochemical etching. Session 3 was on defects in silicon, with an invited paper by Y. Mochizuki on the characterization of process induced defects in deep sub-micron transistors by electrically detected magnetic resonance and transmission electron microscopy. Session 4 was on electrical properties, with an invited paper by D. Roy on the electrical characteristics of advanced MOS structures with ultra-thin oxides. Sessions 5 and 6 were on defects in wide bandgap materials, with invited papers by S. Müller on the current status of the quality of SiC substrates and epitaxial layers, and by J.L Weyher on the characterization of defects in wide band gap semiconductors (mainly GaN) by defect-selective etching in combination with other standard methods (transmission electron microscopy, photo-luminescence, micro-Raman). Session 7 was on spectroscopic techniques, with an invited paper by V. Higgs on the use of photo-luminescence wafer mapping in the context of the production of Si or SiGe materials. Session 8 was on electron beam

  19. 8 CFR 1240.16 - Application of new procedures or termination of proceedings in old proceedings pursuant to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Removal... the United States or the effective enforcement of the immigration laws, the Attorney General's... removal procedures to certain cases in exclusion or deportation proceedings and for the......

  20. 8 CFR 1240.16 - Application of new procedures or termination of proceedings in old proceedings pursuant to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Removal... the United States or the effective enforcement of the immigration laws, the Attorney General's... removal procedures to certain cases in exclusion or deportation proceedings and for the......

  1. 8 CFR 1240.16 - Application of new procedures or termination of proceedings in old proceedings pursuant to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Removal... the United States or the effective enforcement of the immigration laws, the Attorney General's... removal procedures to certain cases in exclusion or deportation proceedings and for the......

  2. 8 CFR 1240.16 - Application of new procedures or termination of proceedings in old proceedings pursuant to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Removal... the United States or the effective enforcement of the immigration laws, the Attorney General's... removal procedures to certain cases in exclusion or deportation proceedings and for the......

  3. 8 CFR 1240.16 - Application of new procedures or termination of proceedings in old proceedings pursuant to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Removal... the United States or the effective enforcement of the immigration laws, the Attorney General's... removal procedures to certain cases in exclusion or deportation proceedings and for the......

  4. Preface for DRIP X proceedings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Landesman (Chairman), Jean-Pierre; Montgomery (Co-Chairman), Paul C.

    2004-07-01

    fill with enthusiasm the young and the not-so-young researchers alike to face up to the ever present challenges of defect analysis in semiconductors. We were reminded that with the large variety of imaging techniques available and the vast improvements in technology, there lies ahead tremendous potential for gaining a better understanding of defects in semiconductors by applying image processing techniques. DRIP X was arranged into 13 oral sessions, consisting of 12 invited talks and 59 contributed papers, and two poster sessions made up from 76 contributed papers. The Proceeding chapters reflect the oral sessions with the poster papers being added to the relevant sessions. The sessions covered the following topics: Sessions 1 and 2 were on nanostructures and near field probe techniques, with invited papers from F. Priolo on the luminescence properties of Si nanocrystals and L.K. Orlov on quantum wires in GaAs/GaInAs materials systems prepared by electrochemical etching. Session 3 was on defects in silicon, with an invited paper by Y. Mochizuki on the characterization of process induced defects in deep sub-micron transistors by electrically detected magnetic resonance and transmission electron microscopy. Session 4 was on electrical properties, with an invited paper by D. Roy on the electrical characteristics of advanced MOS structures with ultra-thin oxides. Sessions 5 and 6 were on defects in wide bandgap materials, with invited papers by S. Müller on the current status of the quality of SiC substrates and epitaxial layers, and by J.L Weyher on the characterization of defects in wide band gap semiconductors (mainly GaN) by defect-selective etching in combination with other standard methods (transmission electron microscopy, photo-luminescence, micro-Raman). Session 7 was on spectroscopic techniques, with an invited paper by V. Higgs on the use of photo-luminescence wafer mapping in the context of the production of Si or SiGe materials. Session 8 was on electron beam

  5. Proceedings: National conference on environmental externalities

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    This report is the proceedings of the National Conference on Environmental Externalities. A environmental externality is the environmental impact of a process or a plant that society must endure. It is a social cost and is paid, but not by the company who produced it or the company`s customers who endure it. The main purpose of this report is to gather the many designs and ideas of how and why to internalize the externalities into the pricing systems of the public utility commissions, especially that of the electric utilities. Economic and sociological aspects of the internalization of these externalities are given in these proceedings. Individual papers are processed separately for databases. (MB)

  6. Hydrogeology, waste disposal, science and politics: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Link, P.K.

    1994-07-01

    A total of 48 papers were presented at the Engineering Geology and Geotechnical Engineering 30th Symposium. These papers are presented in this proceedings under the following headings: site characterization--Pocatello area; site characterization--Boise Area; site assessment; Idaho National Engineering Laboratory; geophysical methods; remediation; geotechnical engineering; and hydrogeology, northern and western Idaho. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  7. OMAE 1993: Proceedings. Volume 5: Pipeline technology

    SciTech Connect

    Yoon, M.; Murray, A.; Thygesen, J.

    1993-01-01

    This volume of conference proceedings is volume five of a five volume series dealing with offshore and arctic pipeline, marine riser, platforms, and ship design and engineering. This volume is a result of increased use of pipeline transportation for oil, gas, and liquid products and the resultant need for lower design and operating costs. Papers in this conference cover topics on environmental considerations, pipeline automation, computer simulation techniques, materials testing, corrosion protection, permafrost problems, pipeline integrity, geotechnical concerns, and offshore engineering problems.

  8. Proceedings of the switched power workshop

    SciTech Connect

    Fernow, R.C.

    1988-01-01

    These proceedings contain most of the presentations given at a workshop on the current state of research in techniques for switched power acceleration. The proceedings are divided, as was the workshop itself, into two parts. Part 1, contains the latest results from a number of groups active in switched power research. The major topic here is a method for switching externally supplied power onto a transmission line. Advocates for vacuum photodiode switching, solid state switching, gas switching, and synthetic pulse generation are all presented. Other important areas of research described in this section concern: external electrical and laser pulsing systems; the properties of the created electromagnetic pulse; structures used for transporting the electromagnetic pulse to the region where the electron beam is located; and possible applications. Part 2 of the proceedings considers the problem of designing a high brightness electron gun using switched power as the power source. This is an important first step in demonstrating the usefulness of switched power techniques for accelerator physics. In addition such a gun could have immediate practical importance for advanced acceleration studies since the brightness could exceed that of present sources by several orders of magnitude. I would like to take this opportunity to thank Kathleen Tuohy and Patricia Tuttle for their assistance in organizing and running the workshop. Their tireless efforts contribute greatly to a very productive meeting.

  9. 7 CFR 1207.363 - Proceedings after termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.363 Proceedings...

  10. 7 CFR 1207.363 - Proceedings after termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.363 Proceedings...

  11. 7 CFR 1207.363 - Proceedings after termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.363 Proceedings...

  12. 7 CFR 1207.363 - Proceedings after termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.363 Proceedings...

  13. 7 CFR 1207.363 - Proceedings after termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Miscellaneous § 1207.363 Proceedings...

  14. Proceedings of the international workshop on hadron facility technology

    SciTech Connect

    Thiessen, H.A.

    1987-12-01

    The conference included papers on facility plans, beam dynamics, accelerator hardware, and experimental facilities. Individual abstracts were prepared for 43 papers in the conference proceedings. (LEW)

  15. Proceedings of the SMRM Degradation Study Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    The proceedings of the Solar Maximum Repair Mission Degradation Study Workshop, held at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland on May 9 to 10, 1985 are contained. The results of tests and studies of the returned Solar Maximum Mission hardware and materials are reported. Specifically, the workshop was concerned with the effects of four years' exposure to a low-Earth orbit environment. To provide a background for the reported findings, the summary includes a short description of the Solar Maximum Mission and the Solar Maximum Repair Mission.

  16. International conference on air quality VI. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    2007-07-01

    Papers are presented under the following sessions: Hg policy, regulations and health issues; Hg and coal utilisation by-products; mercury measurement; mercury deposition, transformation and atmospheric reactions; mercury control: fundamentals/science; mercury control - sorbent injection; mercury control - scrub/multipollutant systems; SO{sub 3}; particulate matter (PM) policy, regulations, and health issues; PM transport, atmospheric chemistry, and modelling; PM measurement and control; greenhouse gas policy and markets; CO{sub 2} sequestration and MMV; CO{sub 2} separation and capture; and EPA STAR session. The poster papers are also included. The proceedings are also available on CD-ROM.

  17. Ethics in the computer age. Conference proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Kizza, J.M.

    1994-12-31

    These proceedings contain the papers presented at the Ethics in the Computer Age conference held in Gatlinburg, Tennessee, November 11-13, 1994. The conference was sponsored by ACM SIGCAS (Computers and Society) to which I am very grateful. The Ethics in the Computer Age conference sequence started in 1991 with the first conference at the campus of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. The second was help at the same location a year later. These two conferences were limited to only invited speakers, but their success was overwhelming. This is the third in the sequence and the first truly international one. Plans are already under way for the fourth in 1996.

  18. Proceedings of the Air Transportation Management Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tobias, Leonard (Editor); Tashker, Michael G. (Editor); Boyle, Angela M. (Editor)

    1995-01-01

    The Air Transportation Management (ATM) Workshop was held 31 Jan. - 1 Feb. 1995 at NASA Ames Research Center. The purpose of the workshop was to develop an initial understanding of user concerns and requirements for future ATM capabilities and to initiate discussions of alternative means and technologies for achieving more effective ATM capabilities. The topics for the sessions were as follows: viewpoints of future ATM capabilities, user requirements, lessons learned, and technologies for ATM. In addition, two panel sessions discussed priorities for ATM, and potential contributions of NASA to ATM. The proceedings contain transcriptions of all sessions.

  19. Second CLIPS Conference Proceedings, volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Giarratano, Joseph (Editor); Culbert, Christopher J. (Editor)

    1991-01-01

    Papers presented at the 2nd C Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS) Conference held at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) on 23-25 September 1991 are documented in these proceedings. CLIPS is an expert system tool developed by the Software Technology Branch at NASA JSC and is used at over 4000 sites by government, industry, and business. During the three days of the conference, over 40 papers were presented by experts from NASA, Department of Defense, other government agencies, universities, and industry.

  20. Krakow conference on low emissions sources: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Pierce, B.L.; Butcher, T.A.

    1995-12-31

    The Krakow Conference on Low Emission Sources presented the information produced and analytical tools developed in the first phase of the Krakow Clean Fossil Fuels and Energy Efficiency Program. This phase included: field testing to provide quantitative data on missions and efficiencies as well as on opportunities for building energy conservation; engineering analysis to determine the costs of implementing pollution control; and incentives analysis to identify actions required to create a market for equipment, fuels, and services needed to reduce pollution. Collectively, these Proceedings contain reports that summarize the above phase one information, present the status of energy system management in Krakow, provide information on financing pollution control projects in Krakow and elsewhere, and highlight the capabilities and technologies of Polish and American companies that are working to reduce pollution from low emission sources. It is intended that the US reader will find in these Proceedings useful results and plans for control of pollution from low emission sources that are representative of heating systems in central and Eastern Europe. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  1. SOLTECH 92 proceedings: Solar Process Heat Program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-03-01

    This document is a limited Proceedings, documenting the presentations given at the symposia conducted by the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Industrial Program and Solar Thermal Electrical Program at SOLTECH92. The SOLTECH92 national solar energy conference was held in Albuquerque, New Mexico during the period February 17--20, 1992. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory manages the Solar Industrial Program; Sandia National Laboratories (Albuquerque) manages the Solar Thermal Electric Program. The symposia sessions were as follows: (1) Solar Industrial Program and Solar Thermal Electric Program Overviews, (2) Solar Process Heat Applications, (3) Solar Decontamination of Water and Soil; (4) Solar Building Technologies, (5) Solar Thermal Electric Systems, (6) PV Applications and Technologies. For each presentation given in these symposia, these Proceedings provide a one- to two-page abstract and copies of the viewgraphs and/or 35mm slides utilized by the speaker. Some speakers provided additional materials in the interest of completeness. The materials presented in this document were not subjected to a peer review process.

  2. Balancing Unity and Diversity in a Changing World. Proceedings of the International Congress on Challenges to Education (Oahu, Hawaii, July 6-8, 1994).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hays, Patricia A., Ed.; Gronewald, Anita, Ed.

    The papers in this collection are divided into five sections: literacy, correctional education, multicultural and issues of diversity, technology, and general education. The articles include: "Creating a Literate Society through Home School Instruction" (Doris A. Henry); "Inclusive Strategies for Content Area Teaching" (Jeanne M. Jacobson);…

  3. Aspects of Reading Acquisition; Proceedings of the Annual Hyman Blumberg Symposium on Research in Early Childhood Education (5th, Johns Hopkins University, Nov. 13-14, 1974).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T., Ed.

    Papers collected in this volume were presented at the Fifth Annual Blumberg Symposium on Research in Early Childhood Education, held at Johns Hopkins University in 1974. Selections include "Alexia" (D. Frank Benson), "Young Children's Expectations for Reading" (Doris R. Entwisle), "Relations between Acquisition of Phonology and Reading" (Paula…

  4. 47 CFR 22.940 - Criteria for comparative cellular renewal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... proceedings. The ultimate issue in comparative renewal proceedings will be to determine, in light of the... Communications Act or any FCC rule or policy; and a list of any pending proceedings that relate to any...

  5. 47 CFR 22.940 - Criteria for comparative cellular renewal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... proceedings. The ultimate issue in comparative renewal proceedings will be to determine, in light of the... Communications Act or any FCC rule or policy; and a list of any pending proceedings that relate to any...

  6. 47 CFR 22.940 - Criteria for comparative cellular renewal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... proceedings. The ultimate issue in comparative renewal proceedings will be to determine, in light of the... Communications Act or any FCC rule or policy; and a list of any pending proceedings that relate to any...

  7. 47 CFR 22.940 - Criteria for comparative cellular renewal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... proceedings. The ultimate issue in comparative renewal proceedings will be to determine, in light of the... Communications Act or any FCC rule or policy; and a list of any pending proceedings that relate to any...

  8. 48 CFR 836.213-70 - Notice to proceed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice to proceed. 836.213-70 Section 836.213-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS SPECIAL... requested, or any other method that provides signed evidence of receipt. The notice to proceed will...

  9. 39 CFR 3001.14 - Consolidation and separation of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Consolidation and separation of proceedings. 3001.14 Section 3001.14 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.14 Consolidation and separation of proceedings....

  10. 39 CFR 3001.14 - Consolidation and separation of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Consolidation and separation of proceedings. 3001.14 Section 3001.14 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.14 Consolidation and separation of proceedings....

  11. 39 CFR 3001.14 - Consolidation and separation of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Consolidation and separation of proceedings. 3001.14 Section 3001.14 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.14 Consolidation and separation of proceedings....

  12. 39 CFR 3001.14 - Consolidation and separation of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Consolidation and separation of proceedings. 3001.14 Section 3001.14 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.14 Consolidation and separation of proceedings....

  13. 39 CFR 3001.14 - Consolidation and separation of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Consolidation and separation of proceedings. 3001.14 Section 3001.14 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General Applicability § 3001.14 Consolidation and separation of proceedings....

  14. 32 CFR 644.112 - Applicable statutes in condemnation proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Applicable statutes in condemnation proceedings. 644.112 Section 644.112 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Acquisition Acquisition by Condemnation Proceedings § 644.112 Applicable statutes in...

  15. 20 CFR 655.74 - Conduct of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Conduct of proceedings. 655.74 Section 655.74 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT OF... Workers) § 655.74 Conduct of proceedings. (a) Upon receipt of a timely request for a hearing...

  16. Florida's Labor History Symposium (November 18, 1989). Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Margaret Gibbons, Ed.

    This document contains the proceedings from a one-day symposium designed to illuminate the history of the labor movement in Florida. The proceedings are organized into two parts: Part 1 "Topics in Florida Labor History" features "Labor History in Florida: What Do We Know? Where Do We Go?" (R. Zieger); "Workers' Culture and Women's Culture in Cigar…

  17. 10 CFR 780.20 - Initiation of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Initiation of proceeding. 780.20 Section 780.20 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Declaring Patents Affected With the Public Interest Under Section 153a of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.20 Initiation of proceeding. When...

  18. 10 CFR 780.20 - Initiation of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Initiation of proceeding. 780.20 Section 780.20 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Declaring Patents Affected With the Public Interest Under Section 153a of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.20 Initiation of proceeding. When...

  19. 10 CFR 780.20 - Initiation of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Initiation of proceeding. 780.20 Section 780.20 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Declaring Patents Affected With the Public Interest Under Section 153a of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.20 Initiation of proceeding. When...

  20. 10 CFR 780.20 - Initiation of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Initiation of proceeding. 780.20 Section 780.20 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Declaring Patents Affected With the Public Interest Under Section 153a of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.20 Initiation of proceeding. When...

  1. 10 CFR 780.20 - Initiation of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Initiation of proceeding. 780.20 Section 780.20 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Declaring Patents Affected With the Public Interest Under Section 153a of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.20 Initiation of proceeding. When...

  2. 47 CFR 24.16 - Criteria for comparative renewal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Criteria for comparative renewal proceedings. 24.16 Section 24.16 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER... Criteria for comparative renewal proceedings. A renewal applicant involved in a comparative...

  3. 20 CFR 655.435 - Administrative law judge proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative law judge proceedings. 655.435... law judge proceedings. (a) Upon receipt of a timely request for a hearing filed pursuant to and in accordance with § 655.420, the Chief Administrative Law Judge shall appoint an administrative law judge...

  4. 20 CFR 655.645 - Administrative law judge proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative law judge proceedings. 655.645... Alien Crewmembers for Longshore Activities in U.S. Ports § 655.645 Administrative law judge proceedings... of this part, the Chief Administrative Law Judge shall promptly appoint an administrative law...

  5. 32 CFR 776.85 - Effect of separate proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Effect of separate proceeding. 776.85 Section... Complaint Processing Procedures § 776.85 Effect of separate proceeding. (a) For purposes of this section... with this subpart, after providing the covered attorney concerned written notice and an opportunity...

  6. 22 CFR 401.30 - Proceedings under Article X.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Proceedings under Article X. 401.30 Section 401... References § 401.30 Proceedings under Article X. When a question or matter of difference arising between the... Article X of the Treaty, the Commission, after consultation with the said Governments, will adopt...

  7. 22 CFR 401.30 - Proceedings under Article X.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Proceedings under Article X. 401.30 Section 401... References § 401.30 Proceedings under Article X. When a question or matter of difference arising between the... Article X of the Treaty, the Commission, after consultation with the said Governments, will adopt...

  8. 22 CFR 401.30 - Proceedings under Article X.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Proceedings under Article X. 401.30 Section 401... References § 401.30 Proceedings under Article X. When a question or matter of difference arising between the... Article X of the Treaty, the Commission, after consultation with the said Governments, will adopt...

  9. 22 CFR 401.30 - Proceedings under Article X.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Proceedings under Article X. 401.30 Section 401... References § 401.30 Proceedings under Article X. When a question or matter of difference arising between the... Article X of the Treaty, the Commission, after consultation with the said Governments, will adopt...

  10. 22 CFR 401.30 - Proceedings under Article X.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Proceedings under Article X. 401.30 Section 401... References § 401.30 Proceedings under Article X. When a question or matter of difference arising between the... Article X of the Treaty, the Commission, after consultation with the said Governments, will adopt...

  11. 37 CFR 1.197 - Termination of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES National Processing Provisions Appeal to the... proceedings. (1) Proceedings on an application are considered terminated by the dismissal of an appeal or the failure to timely file an appeal to the court or a civil action (§ 1.304) except: (i) Where claims...

  12. 37 CFR 1.197 - Termination of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES National Processing Provisions Appeal to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board § 1.197 Termination of proceedings. (a) Proceedings on an application are considered terminated by the dismissal of an appeal or the failure to timely file an appeal to the court or...

  13. 32 CFR 150.17 - En banc proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false En banc proceedings. 150.17 Section 150.17... MILITARY JUSTICE COURTS OF CRIMINAL APPEALS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE § 150.17 En banc proceedings... reconsidered by the Court sitting as a whole. However, en banc reconsideration of an en banc decision will...

  14. 20 CFR 725.360 - Parties to proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Parties to proceedings. 725.360 Section 725... FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Adjudication Officers; Parties and Representatives § 725.360 Parties to proceedings. (a) Except as provided in § 725.361, no person other than the Secretary...

  15. 50 CFR 452.09 - Consolidated and joint proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Consolidated and joint proceedings. 452.09 Section 452.09 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS (UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE... PROCESS CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION BY THE SECRETARY § 452.09 Consolidated and joint proceedings....

  16. 50 CFR 452.09 - Consolidated and joint proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Consolidated and joint proceedings. 452.09 Section 452.09 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS (UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE... PROCESS CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION BY THE SECRETARY § 452.09 Consolidated and joint proceedings....

  17. 50 CFR 452.09 - Consolidated and joint proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Consolidated and joint proceedings. 452.09 Section 452.09 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS (UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE... PROCESS CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION BY THE SECRETARY § 452.09 Consolidated and joint proceedings....

  18. 50 CFR 452.09 - Consolidated and joint proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Consolidated and joint proceedings. 452.09 Section 452.09 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS (UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE... PROCESS CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION BY THE SECRETARY § 452.09 Consolidated and joint proceedings....

  19. 7 CFR 1200.52 - Institution of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER RESEARCH, PROMOTION, AND INFORMATION PROGRAMS Rules of Practice Governing Proceedings on Petitions to Modify or To Be Exempted from Research, Promotion and Information Programs § 1200... by appropriate affidavits or documentary evidence substantiating such allegations of fact. The...

  20. 28 CFR 21.6 - Proceedings in forma pauperis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Proceedings in forma pauperis. 21.6 Section 21.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE WITNESS FEES § 21.6 Proceedings in forma pauperis. Title 28 U.S.C. 1915 provides for the commencement, prosecution or defense of any suit,...

  1. 28 CFR 21.6 - Proceedings in forma pauperis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Proceedings in forma pauperis. 21.6 Section 21.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE WITNESS FEES § 21.6 Proceedings in forma pauperis. Title 28 U.S.C. 1915 provides for the commencement, prosecution or defense of any suit,...

  2. 40 CFR 91.1105 - Injunction proceedings for prohibited acts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Injunction proceedings for prohibited acts. 91.1105 Section 91.1105 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... Enforcement Provisions § 91.1105 Injunction proceedings for prohibited acts. (a) The district courts of...

  3. 40 CFR 91.1105 - Injunction proceedings for prohibited acts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Injunction proceedings for prohibited acts. 91.1105 Section 91.1105 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... Enforcement Provisions § 91.1105 Injunction proceedings for prohibited acts. (a) The district courts of...

  4. 24 CFR 10.12 - Additional rulemaking proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Additional rulemaking proceedings. 10.12 Section 10.12 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development RULEMAKING: POLICY AND PROCEDURES Procedures § 10.12 Additional rulemaking proceedings. The Secretary may invite interested...

  5. 17 CFR 229.103 - (Item 103) Legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILING FORMS UNDER SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 AND ENERGY POLICY... involves potential monetary sanctions, capital expenditures, deferred charges or charges to income and the... proceeding and such proceeding involves potential monetary sanctions, unless the registrant...

  6. 10 CFR 1003.14 - Notice of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Notice of proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS General Provisions § 1003.14 Notice of proceedings. At regular intervals, the OHA shall publish on its Internet...

  7. 18 CFR 808.15 - Show cause proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Show cause proceeding... HEARINGS AND ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS Compliance and Enforcement § 808.15 Show cause proceeding. (a) The... cause why a penalty should not be assessed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and...

  8. 18 CFR 808.15 - Show cause proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Show cause proceeding... HEARINGS AND ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS Compliance and Enforcement § 808.15 Show cause proceeding. (a) The... cause why a penalty should not be assessed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and...

  9. 18 CFR 808.15 - Show cause proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Show cause proceeding... HEARINGS AND ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS Compliance and Enforcement § 808.15 Show cause proceeding. (a) The... cause why a penalty should not be assessed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and...

  10. 18 CFR 808.15 - Show cause proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Show cause proceeding... HEARINGS AND ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS Compliance and Enforcement § 808.15 Show cause proceeding. (a) The... cause why a penalty should not be assessed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and...

  11. 18 CFR 808.15 - Show cause proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Show cause proceeding... HEARINGS AND ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS Compliance and Enforcement § 808.15 Show cause proceeding. (a) The... cause why a penalty should not be assessed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and...

  12. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  13. 29 CFR 801.62 - Caption of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Caption of proceeding. 801.62 Section 801.62 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  14. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  15. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  16. 29 CFR 801.62 - Caption of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Caption of proceeding. 801.62 Section 801.62 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  17. 29 CFR 801.62 - Caption of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Caption of proceeding. 801.62 Section 801.62 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  18. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  19. 29 CFR 801.62 - Caption of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Caption of proceeding. 801.62 Section 801.62 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  20. 29 CFR 801.60 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 801.60 Section 801.60 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice §...

  1. 40 CFR 78.16 - Record of appeal proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Record of appeal proceeding. 78.16 Section 78.16 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPEAL PROCEDURES § 78.16 Record of appeal proceeding. (a) The proposed decision issued by...

  2. 29 CFR 4.11 - Arm's length proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Provisions and Procedures § 4.11 Arm's length proceedings. (a) Statutory provision. Under section 4(c) of the... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Arm's length proceedings. 4.11 Section 4.11 Labor Office of... agreement must be reached “as a result of arm's-length negotiations.” This provision precludes...

  3. 29 CFR 4.11 - Arm's length proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Provisions and Procedures § 4.11 Arm's length proceedings. (a) Statutory provision. Under section 4(c) of the... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Arm's length proceedings. 4.11 Section 4.11 Labor Office of... agreement must be reached “as a result of arm's-length negotiations.” This provision precludes...

  4. 29 CFR 4.11 - Arm's length proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Provisions and Procedures § 4.11 Arm's length proceedings. (a) Statutory provision. Under section 4(c) of the... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Arm's length proceedings. 4.11 Section 4.11 Labor Office of... agreement must be reached “as a result of arm's-length negotiations.” This provision precludes...

  5. 29 CFR 4.11 - Arm's length proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Provisions and Procedures § 4.11 Arm's length proceedings. (a) Statutory provision. Under section 4(c) of the... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Arm's length proceedings. 4.11 Section 4.11 Labor Office of... agreement must be reached “as a result of arm's-length negotiations.” This provision precludes...

  6. 25 CFR 141.40 - Proceeds of sale.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Proceeds of sale. 141.40 Section 141.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO, HOPI AND ZUNI RESERVATIONS Pawnbroker Practices § 141.40 Proceeds of sale. (a) The following items shall...

  7. 25 CFR 141.40 - Proceeds of sale.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Proceeds of sale. 141.40 Section 141.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO, HOPI AND ZUNI RESERVATIONS Pawnbroker Practices § 141.40 Proceeds of sale. (a) The following items shall...

  8. 25 CFR 141.40 - Proceeds of sale.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Proceeds of sale. 141.40 Section 141.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO, HOPI AND ZUNI RESERVATIONS Pawnbroker Practices § 141.40 Proceeds of sale. (a) The following items shall...

  9. 25 CFR 141.40 - Proceeds of sale.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Proceeds of sale. 141.40 Section 141.40 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO, HOPI AND ZUNI RESERVATIONS Pawnbroker Practices § 141.40 Proceeds of sale. (a) The following items shall...

  10. 20 CFR 655.435 - Administrative law judge proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Administrative law judge proceedings. 655.435... law judge proceedings. (a) Upon receipt of a timely request for a hearing filed pursuant to and in accordance with § 655.420, the Chief Administrative Law Judge shall appoint an administrative law judge...

  11. 20 CFR 655.645 - Administrative law judge proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Administrative law judge proceedings. 655.645... Alien Crewmembers for Longshore Activities in U.S. Ports § 655.645 Administrative law judge proceedings... of this part, the Chief Administrative Law Judge shall promptly appoint an administrative law...

  12. 18 CFR 385.404 - Depositions during proceedings (Rule 404).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Depositions during proceedings (Rule 404). 385.404 Section 385.404 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Procedures for Matters Set for Hearing Under Subpart E § 385.404 Depositions during proceedings (Rule...

  13. 18 CFR 385.404 - Depositions during proceedings (Rule 404).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Depositions during proceedings (Rule 404). 385.404 Section 385.404 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... Procedures for Matters Set for Hearing Under Subpart E § 385.404 Depositions during proceedings (Rule...

  14. 34 CFR 300.518 - Child's status during proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Child's status during proceedings. 300.518 Section 300... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.518 Child's status during proceedings. (a) Except as provided in § 300.533, during the pendency of...

  15. 34 CFR 300.518 - Child's status during proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Child's status during proceedings. 300.518 Section 300... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.518 Child's status during proceedings. (a) Except as provided in § 300.533, during the pendency of...

  16. 34 CFR 300.518 - Child's status during proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Child's status during proceedings. 300.518 Section 300... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.518 Child's status during proceedings. (a) Except as provided in § 300.533, during the pendency of...

  17. 37 CFR 351.5 - Discovery in royalty rate proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Discovery in royalty rate... CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ROYALTY JUDGES RULES AND PROCEDURES PROCEEDINGS § 351.5 Discovery in royalty rate... rebuttal statements by the participants in a royalty rate proceeding, and after conferring with...

  18. 37 CFR 351.5 - Discovery in royalty rate proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Discovery in royalty rate... CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ROYALTY JUDGES RULES AND PROCEDURES PROCEEDINGS § 351.5 Discovery in royalty rate... rebuttal statements by the participants in a royalty rate proceeding, and after conferring with...

  19. 37 CFR 351.5 - Discovery in royalty rate proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Discovery in royalty rate... CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ROYALTY JUDGES RULES AND PROCEDURES PROCEEDINGS § 351.5 Discovery in royalty rate... rebuttal statements by the participants in a royalty rate proceeding, and after conferring with...

  20. 37 CFR 351.5 - Discovery in royalty rate proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Discovery in royalty rate... CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ROYALTY JUDGES RULES AND PROCEDURES PROCEEDINGS § 351.5 Discovery in royalty rate... rebuttal statements by the participants in a royalty rate proceeding, and after conferring with...