Lipkin, H.J.; Peshkin, M.
1985-01-01
We examine the meaning of the angular momentum of cyons in some detail and compare the cyon case with the more familiar case of the dyon composed of a spinless electron bound by a scalar force to a spinless magnetic monopole. This treatment differs from others not primarily in its results, but in its central point that those results follow from very simple and general properties of the angular momentum in the electromagnetic field. 6 refs., 4 figs.
Weder, R.
1982-05-15
We prove the nonexistence of finite-energy Julia-Zee dyon solutions, in the Bogomol'ny-Prosad-Sommerfield limit, and the generalizations to SU(N) gauge groups, with the same asymptotic value for the Higgs field and the time component of the gauge field. This gives a physically relevant example showing how the topological arguments can fail to provide the existence of a solution in the presence of a nontrivial topological charge.
Gamberg, Leonard; Milton, Kimball A.
2000-04-01
We develop the quantum field theory of electron-point magnetic monopole interactions and, more generally, dyon-dyon interactions, based on the original string-dependent ''nonlocal'' action of Dirac and Schwinger. We demonstrate that a viable nonperturbative quantum field theoretic formulation can be constructed that results in a string independent cross section for monopole-electron and dyon-dyon scattering. Such calculations can be done only by using nonperturbative approximations such as the eikonal approximation and not by some mutilation of lowest-order perturbation theory. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.
Instanton-dyon ensembles with quarks with modified boundary conditions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Larsen, Rasmus; Shuryak, Edward
2016-11-01
We modify the quark periodicity condition on the thermal circle by the introduction of some phases—known also as "flavor holonomies"— different quark flavors. These phases provide a valuable tool, to be used for better understanding of deconfinement and chiral restoration phase transitions: by changing them, one can dramatically modify both phase transitions. In the language of instanton constituents—instanton-dyons or monopoles—changing the quark periodicity condition has a very direct explanation: the interplay of flavor and color holonomies can switch topological zero modes between various dyon types. The model we will study in detail, the so-called ZN c-symmetric QCD model with equal number of colors and flavors Nc=Nf=2 and special arrangement of flavor and color holonomies, ensures the "most democratic" setting, in which each quark flavor and each dyon type are in one-to-one correspondence. The usual QCD has the opposite "most exclusive" arrangement: all quarks are antiperiodic and, thus, all zero modes fall on only one—twisted or L —dyon type. As we show by ensemble simulation, deconfinement and chiral restoration phase transitions in these two models are dramatically different. In the usual QCD, both are smooth crossovers: but in the case of the Z2-symmetric model, deconfinement becomes a strong first-order transition, while chiral symmetry remains broken for all dyon densities studied. These results are in good correspondence with those from recent lattice simulations.
Spectrum of CHL dyons from genus-two partition function
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dabholkar, Atish; Gaiotto, Davide
2007-12-01
We compute the genus-two chiral partition function of the left-moving heterotic string for a Bbb Z2 CHL orbifold. The required twisted determinants can be evaluated explicitly in terms of the untwisted determinants and theta functions using orbifold techniques. The dependence on Prym periods cancels neatly once summation over odd charges is properly taken into account. The resulting partition function is a Siegel modular form of level two and precisely equals recently proposed dyon partition function for this model. This result provides an independent weak coupling derivation of the dyon partition function using the M-theory lift of string webs representing the dyons. We discuss generalization of this technique to general Bbb ZN orbifolds.
Dyons and Roberge - Weiss transition in lattice QCD
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bornyakov, V. G.; Boyda, D. L.; Goy, V. A.; Ilgenfritz, E.-M.; Martemyanov, B. V.; Molochkov, A. V.; Nakamura, Atsushi; Nikolaev, A. A.; Zakharov, V. I.
2017-03-01
We study lattice QCD with Nf = 2 Wilson fermions at nonzero imaginary chemical potential and nonzero temperature. We relate the Roberge - Weiss phase transition to the properties of dyons which are constituents of the KvBLL calorons. We present numerical evidence that the characteristic features of the spectral gap of the overlap Dirac operator as function of an angle modifying the boundary condition are determined by the Z3 sector of the respective imaginary chemical potential. We then demonstrate that dyon excitations in thermal configurations could be responsible (in line with perturbative excitations) for these phenomena.
Particle mesh Ewald's method and noninteracting dyon gas
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kiamari, Motahareh; Deldar, Sedigheh
2017-08-01
We study the free energy of a quark-antiquark pair near the deconfinement temperature by particle mesh Ewald's method for noninteracting dyon ensemble. We show that the free energy of the quark-antiquark pair increases linearly by increasing the distance between them. The string tension decreases by increasing the temperature, as expected.
Dyons near the transition temperature in lattice QCD
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bornyakov, V. G.; Ilgenfritz, E.-M.; Martemyanov, B. V.; Müller-Preussker, M.
2016-04-01
We study the topological structure of QCD by cluster analysis. The fermionic topological charge density is constructed from low-lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator for three types of temporal boundary conditions for the fermion field. This provides the possibility of marking all three dyon constituents of Kraan-van Baal-Lee-Lu (KvBLL) calorons in the gluonic fields. The gluonic topological charge density appears in the overimproved gradient flow process stopped at the moment when it maximally matches the fermionic topological charge density. This corresponds to the smearing of gluonic fields up to the scale set by dyon size. The timelike Abelian monopoles and specific KvBLL pattern of the Polyakov line are correlated with topological clusters.
Hadronic correlation functions in the random instanton-dyon ensemble
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Larsen, Rasmus; Shuryak, Edward
2017-08-01
It is known since the 1980s that the instanton-induced 't Hooft effective Lagrangian not only can solve the so-called U (1 )a problem, by making the η' meson heavy etc., but it can also lead to chiral symmetry breaking. In the 1990s it was demonstrated that, taken to higher orders, this Lagrangian correctly reproduces effective forces in a large set of hadronic channels, mesonic and baryonic ones. Recent progress in understanding gauge topology at finite temperatures is related with the so-called instanton-dyons, the constituents of the instantons. Some of them, called L -dyons, possess the antiperiodic fermionic zero modes, and thus form a new version of the 't Hooft effective Lagrangian. This paper is our first study of a wide set of hadronic correlation function. We found that, at the lowest temperatures at which this approach is expected to be applicable, those may be well compatible with what is known about them based on phenomenological and lattice studies, provided L and M type dyons are strongly correlated.
MONOPOLES AND DYONS IN THE PURE EINSTEIN YANG MILLS THEORY
HOSOTANI,Y.; BJORAKER,J.
1999-08-16
In the pure Einstein-Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions there exist monopole and dyon solutions. The spectrum of the solutions is discrete in asymptotically flat or de Sitter space, whereas it is continuous in asymptotically anti-de Sitter space. The solutions are regular everywhere and specified with their mass, and non-Abelian electric and magnetic charges. In asymptotically anti-de Sitter space a class of monopole solutions have no node in non-Abelian magnetic fields, and are stable against spherically symmetric perturbations.
Instanton-dyon liquid model. III. Finite chemical potential
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liu, Yizhuang; Shuryak, Edward; Zahed, Ismail
2016-11-01
We discuss an extension of the instanton-dyon liquid model that includes light quarks at finite chemical potential in the center symmetric phase. We develop the model in details for the case of S Uc(2 )×S Uf(2 ) by mapping the theory on a three-dimensional quantum effective theory. We analyze the different phases in the mean-field approximation. We extend this analysis to the general case of S Uc(Nc)×S Uf(Nf) and note that the chiral and diquark pairings are always comparable.
Confinement in a correlated Instanton-Dyon Ensemble
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lopez-Ruiz, Miguel Angel; Jiang, Yin; Liao, Jinfeng
2017-07-01
Confinement is a remarkable nonperturbative phenomena emerging from QCD and QCD-like theories. A theoretical understanding of these transitions and their interrelations is of fundamental importance. While it is widely perceived that their dynamics arises from nontrivial topological configurations in Yang-Mills theories, a concrete and sophisticated realization of such idea is an outstanding challenge. We report significant progress along this direction by the construction of a new framework based on correlated ensemble of instanton-dyons, namely the constituents of the finite-temperature instantons with non-trivial holonomy. We present a comprehensive numerical study of confinement properties in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature, obtaining important observables such as the effective holonomy potential, the static quark potentials from Polyakov loop correlators as well as spatial Wilson loops, among others.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bornyakov, V. G.; Ilgenfritz, E.-M.; Martemyanov, B. V.; Müller-Preussker, M.
2015-04-01
The topological structure of lattice gluodynamics is studied at intermediate resolution scale in the deconfining phase with the help of a cluster analysis. UV-filtered topological charge densities are determined from a fixed number of low-lying eigenmodes of the overlap Dirac operator with three types of temporal boundary conditions applied to the valence quark fields. This method usually allows us to find all three distinguished (anti)dyon constituents in the gauge field of Kraan-van Baal-Lee-Lu (anti)caloron solutions. The clustering of the three topological charge densities in Monte Carlo generated configurations is then used to mark the positions of anticipated (anti)dyons of the corresponding type. In order to support this interpretation, inside these clusters, we search also for timelike Abelian monopole currents (defined in the maximally Abelian gauge) as well as for local holonomies with at least two approximately degenerated eigenvalues. Our results support the view that light dyon-antidyon pairs—in contrast to the heavy (anti)caloron dyon constituents—contribute dominantly to thermal Yang-Mills fields in the deconfinement phase.
Protected couplings and BPS dyons in half-maximal supersymmetric string vacua
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bossard, Guillaume; Cosnier-Horeau, Charles; Pioline, Boris
2017-02-01
We analyze four- and six-derivative couplings in the low energy effective action of D = 3 string vacua with half-maximal supersymmetry. In analogy with an earlier proposal for the (∇Φ) 4 coupling, we propose that the ∇2(∇Φ) 4 coupling is given exactly by a manifestly U-duality invariant genus-two modular integral. In the limit where a circle in the internal torus decompactifies, the ∇2(∇Φ) 4 coupling reduces to the ∇2F4 and R2F2 couplings in D = 4, along with an infinite series of corrections of order e-R, from four-dimensional 1/4-BPS dyons whose worldline winds around the circle. Each of these contributions is weighted by a Fourier coefficient of a meromorphic Siegel modular form, explaining and extending standard results for the BPS index of 1/4-BPS dyons.
Dyons and S-duality in N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Lowe, David A.
1996-02-01
We analyze the spectrum of dyons in N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with gauge group SU(3) spintaneously broken down to U(1) × U(1). The Higgs fields select a natural basis of simple roots. Acting with S-duality on the W-boson states corresponding to simplr roots leads to an orbit of BPS dyon states that are magnetically charged with respect to one of the U(1)'s. The corresponding monopole solutions can be obtained by embedding SU(2) monopoles into SU(3) and the S-duality predictions reduce to the SU(2) case. Acting with S-duality on the W-boson corresponding to a nonsimple root leads to an infinite set of new S-duality predictions. The simplest of these corresponds to the existence of a harmonic form on the moduli space of SU(3) monopoles that have magnetic charge (1,1) with respect to the two U(1)'s. We argue that the moduli space is given by R 3 × (R 1 x M)/ |Z, where M is Euclidean Taub-NUT space, and that the latter admits the appropriate normalizable harmonic two-form. We briefly discuss the generalizations to other gauge groups.
Einstein-Maxwell-axion theory: dyon solution with regular electric field
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Balakin, Alexander B.; Zayats, Alexei E.
2017-08-01
In the framework of the Einstein-Maxwell-axion theory we consider static spherically symmetric solutions which describe a magnetic monopole in the axionic environment. These solutions are interpreted as the solutions for an axionic dyon, the electric charge of which is composite, i.e. in addition to the standard central electric charge it includes an effective electric charge induced by the axion-photon coupling. We focus on the analysis of those solutions which are characterized by the electric field regular at the center. Special attention is paid to the solutions with the electric field that is vanishing at the center, and that has the Coulombian asymptote, and thus displays an extremum at some distant sphere. Constraints on the electric and effective scalar charges of such an object are discussed.
Optical knots and contact geometry II. From Ranada dyons to transverse and cosmetic knots
Kholodenko, Arkady L.
2016-08-15
Some time ago Ranada (1989) obtained new nontrivial solutions of the Maxwellian gauge fields without sources. These were reinterpreted in Kholodenko (2015) [10] (part I) as particle-like (monopoles, dyons, etc.). They were obtained by the method of Abelian reduction of the non-Abelian Yang–Mills functional. The developed method uses instanton-type calculations normally employed for the non-Abelian gauge fields. By invoking the electric–magnetic duality it then becomes possible to replace all known charges/masses by the particle-like solutions of the source-free Abelian gauge fields. To employ these results in high energy physics, it is essential to extend Ranada’s results by carefully analyzing and classifying all dynamically generated knotted/linked structures in gauge fields, including those discovered by Ranada. This task is completed in this work. The study is facilitated by the recent progress made in solving the Moffatt conjecture. Its essence is stated as follows: in steady incompressible Euler-type fluids the streamlines could have knots/links of all types. By employing the correspondence between the ideal hydrodynamics and electrodynamics discussed in part I and by superimposing it with the already mentioned method of Abelian reduction, it is demonstrated that in the absence of boundaries only the iterated torus knots and links could be dynamically generated. Obtained results allow to develop further particle-knot/link correspondence studied in Kholodenko (2015) [13].
Optical knots and contact geometry II. From Ranada dyons to transverse and cosmetic knots
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kholodenko, Arkady L.
2016-08-01
Some time ago Ranada (1989) obtained new nontrivial solutions of the Maxwellian gauge fields without sources. These were reinterpreted in Kholodenko (2015) [10] (part I) as particle-like (monopoles, dyons, etc.). They were obtained by the method of Abelian reduction of the non-Abelian Yang-Mills functional. The developed method uses instanton-type calculations normally employed for the non-Abelian gauge fields. By invoking the electric-magnetic duality it then becomes possible to replace all known charges/masses by the particle-like solutions of the source-free Abelian gauge fields. To employ these results in high energy physics, it is essential to extend Ranada's results by carefully analyzing and classifying all dynamically generated knotted/linked structures in gauge fields, including those discovered by Ranada. This task is completed in this work. The study is facilitated by the recent progress made in solving the Moffatt conjecture. Its essence is stated as follows: in steady incompressible Euler-type fluids the streamlines could have knots/links of all types. By employing the correspondence between the ideal hydrodynamics and electrodynamics discussed in part I and by superimposing it with the already mentioned method of Abelian reduction, it is demonstrated that in the absence of boundaries only the iterated torus knots and links could be dynamically generated. Obtained results allow to develop further particle-knot/link correspondence studied in Kholodenko (2015) [13].
Magnetic monopoles and dyons revisited: a useful contribution to the study of classical mechanics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
dos Santos, Renato P.
2015-05-01
Graduate-level physics curricula in many countries around the world, as well as senior-level undergraduate ones in some major institutions, include classical mechanics courses, mostly based on Goldstein’s textbook masterpiece. During the discussion of central force motion, however, the Kepler problem is virtually the only serious application presented. In this paper, we present another problem that is also soluble, namely the interaction of Schwinger’s dual-charged (dyon) particles. While the electromagnetic interaction of magnetic monopoles and electric charges was studied in detail some 40 years ago, we consider that a pedagogical discussion of it from an essentially classical mechanics point of view is a useful contribution for students. Following a path that generalizes Kepler’s problem and Rutherford scattering, we show that they exhibit remarkable properties such as stable non-planar orbits, as well as rainbow and glory scattering, which are not present in the ordinary scattering of two singly charged particles. Moreover, it can be extended further to the relativistic case and to a semi-classical quantization, which can also be included in the class discussion.
Particle in a self-dual dyon background: Hidden free nature and exotic superconformal symmetry
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Plyushchay, Mikhail S.; Wipf, Andreas
2014-02-01
We show that a nonrelativistic particle in a combined field of a magnetic monopole and 1/r2 potential reveals a hidden, partially free dynamics when the strength of the central potential and the charge-monopole coupling constant are mutually fitted to each other. In this case the system admits both a conserved Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector and a dynamical conformal symmetry. The supersymmetrically extended system corresponds then to a background of a self-dual or anti-self-dual dyon. It is described by a quadratically extended Lie superalgebra D(2,1;α) with α=1/2, in which the bosonic set of generators is enlarged by a generalized Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector and its dynamical integral counterpart related to Galilei symmetry, as well as by the chiral Z2-grading operator. The odd part of the nonlinear superalgebra comprises a complete set of 24=2×3×4 fermionic generators. Here a usual duplication comes from the Z2-grading structure; the second factor can be associated with a triad of scalar integrals—the Hamiltonian, the generator of special conformal transformations, and the squared total angular momentum vector, while the quadruplication is generated by a chiral spin vector integral which exits due to the (anti-)self-dual nature of the electromagnetic background.
No more walls! A tale of modularity, symmetry, and wall crossing for 1/4 BPS dyons
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Paquette, Natalie M.; Volpato, Roberto; Zimet, Max
2017-05-01
We determine the generating functions of 1/4 BPS dyons in a class of 4d N = 4 string vacua arising as CHL orbifolds of K3 × T 2, a classification of which has been recently completed. We show that all such generating functions obey some simple physical consistency conditions that are very often sufficient to fix them uniquely. The main constraint we impose is the absence of unphysical walls of marginal stability: discontinuities of 1/4 BPS degeneracies can only occur when 1/4 BPS dyons decay into pairs of 1/2 BPS states. Formally, these generating functions in spacetime can be described as multiplicative lifts of certain supersymmetric indices (twining genera) on the worldsheet of the corresponding nonlinear sigma model on K3. As a consequence, our procedure also leads to an explicit derivation of almost all of these twining genera. The worldsheet indices singled out in this way match precisely a set of functions of interest in moonshine, as predicted by a recent conjecture.
Chen, Tsung-Wei; Chiou, Dah-Wei
2010-07-15
The classical dynamics for a charged point particle with intrinsic spin is governed by a relativistic Hamiltonian for the orbital motion and by the Thomas-Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equation for the precession of the spin. It is natural to ask whether the classical Hamiltonian (with both the orbital and spin parts) is consistent with that in the relativistic quantum theory for a spin-1/2 charged particle, which is described by the Dirac equation. In the low-energy limit, up to terms of the seventh order in 1/E{sub g} (E{sub g}=2mc{sup 2} and m is the particle mass), we investigate the Foldy-Wouthuysen (FW) transformation of the Dirac Hamiltonian in the presence of homogeneous and static electromagnetic fields and show that it is indeed in agreement with the classical Hamiltonian with the gyromagnetic ratio being equal to 2. Through electromagnetic duality, this result can be generalized for a spin-1/2 dyon, which has both electric and magnetic charges and thus possesses both intrinsic electric and magnetic dipole moments. Furthermore, the relativistic quantum theory for a spin-1/2 dyon with arbitrary values of the gyromagnetic and gyroelectric ratios can be described by the Dirac-Pauli equation, which is the Dirac equation with augmentation for the anomalous electric and anomalous magnetic dipole moments. The FW transformation of the Dirac-Pauli Hamiltonian is shown, up to the seventh-order again, to be in accord with the classical Hamiltonian as well.
Baxter, J. Erik
2016-02-15
We investigate dyonic black hole and dyon solutions of four-dimensional su(N) Einstein-Yang-Mills theory with a negative cosmological constant. We derive a set of field equations in this case, and prove the existence of non-trivial solutions to these equations for any integer N, with 2N − 2 gauge degrees of freedom. We do this by showing that solutions exist locally at infinity, and at the event horizon for black holes and the origin for solitons. We then prove that we can patch these solutions together regularly into global solutions that can be integrated arbitrarily far into the asymptotic regime. Our main result is to show that dyonic solutions exist in open sets in the parameter space, and hence that we can find non-trivial dyonic solutions in a number of regimes whose magnetic gauge fields have no zeros, which is likely important to the stability of the solutions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Clément, Gérard; Gal'tsov, Dmitri
2017-08-01
We present a one-parameter family of stationary, asymptotically flat solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations with only a mild singularity, which are endowed with mass, angular momentum, a dipole magnetic moment and a quadrupole electric moment. We briefly analyze the structure of this solution, which we interpret as a system of two extreme co-rotating black holes with equal masses and electric charges, and opposite magnetic and gravimagnetic charges, held apart by an electrically charged, magnetized string which also acts as a Dirac-Misner string.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Van den Bleeken, Dieter
2012-02-01
We revisit BPS solutions to classical N = 2 low energy effective gauge theories. It is shown that the BPS equations can be solved in full generality by the introduction of a Hesse potential, a symplectic analog of the holomorphic prepotential. We explain how for non-spherically symmetric, non-mutually local solutions, the notion of attractor flow generalizes to gradient flow with respect to the Hesse potential. Furthermore we show that in general there is a non-trivial magnetic complement to this flow equation that is sourced by the momentum current in the solution.
Chasing the cuprates with dilatonic dyons
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Amoretti, Andrea; Baggioli, Matteo; Magnoli, Nicodemo; Musso, Daniele
2016-06-01
Magnetic field and momentum dissipation are key ingredients in describing condensed matter systems. We include them in gauge/gravity and systematically explore the bottom-up panorama of holographic IR effective field theories based on bulk EinsteinMaxwell Lagrangians plus scalars. The class of solutions here examined appears insufficient to capture the phenomenology of charge transport in the cuprates. We analyze in particular the temperature scaling of the resistivity and of the Hall angle. Keeping an open attitude, we illustrate weak and strong points of the approach.
On the stability of dyons and dyonic black holes in Einstein-Yang-Mills theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nolan, Brien C.; Winstanley, Elizabeth
2016-02-01
We investigate the stability of four-dimensional dyonic soliton and black hole solutions of {su}(2) Einstein-Yang-Mills theory in anti-de Sitter space. We prove that, in a neighbourhood of the embedded trivial (Schwarzschild-)anti-de Sitter solution, there exist non-trivial dyonic soliton and black hole solutions of the field equations which are stable under linear, spherically symmetric, perturbations of the metric and non-Abelian gauge field.
BKM Lie superalgebras from dyon spectra in Z N CHL orbifolds for composite N
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Govindarajan, Suresh; Gopala Krishna, K.
2010-05-01
We show that the generating function of electrically charged 1/2 -BPS states in mathcal{N} = 4 supersymmetric CHL {mathbb{Z}_N} -orbifolds of the heterotic string on T 6 are given by multiplicative η-products. The η-products are determined by the cycle shape of the corresponding symplectic involution in the dual type II picture. This enables us to complete the construction of the genus-two Siegel modular forms due to David, Jatkar and Sen [arXiv:hep-th/0609109] for {mathbb{Z}_N} -orbifolds when N is non-prime. We study the {mathbb{Z}_4} CHL orbifold in detail and show that the associated Siegel modular forms, {Φ_3}left( mathbb{Z} right) and {widetildeΦ_3}left( mathbb{Z} right) , are given by the square of the product of three even genus-two theta constants. Extending work by us as well as Cheng and Dabholkar, we show that the ‘square roots’ of the two Siegel modular forms appear as the denominator formulae of two distinct Borcherds-Kac-Moody (BKM) Lie superalgebras. The BKM Lie superalgebra associated with the generating function of 1/4 -BPS states, i.e., {widetildeΦ_3}left( mathbb{Z} right) has a parabolic root system with a lightlike Weyl vector and the walls of its fundamental Weyl chamber are mapped to the walls of marginal stability of the 1/4 -BPS states.
Counting spinning dyons in maximal supergravity: the Hodge-elliptic genus for tori
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Benjamin, Nathan; Kachru, Shamit; Tripathy, Arnav
2017-08-01
We consider M-theory compactified on T^4 × T^2 and describe the count of spinning 1/8-BPS states. This builds on the work of Maldacena-Moore-Strominger in the physics literature. It simultaneously provides a refinement of the recent mathematical work of Bryan-Oberdieck-Pandharipande-Yin and Oberdieck-Shen, which studied (non-motivic) reduced Donaldson-Thomas invariants of abelian surfaces and threefolds. As in previous work on K3 × T^2 compactification, we track angular momenta under both the SU(2)_L and SU(2)_R factors in the 5d little group, providing predictions for the relevant motivic curve counts.
Dyons and dyonic black holes in su (N ) Einstein-Yang-Mills theory in anti-de Sitter spacetime
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shepherd, Ben L.; Winstanley, Elizabeth
2016-03-01
We present new spherically symmetric, dyonic soliton and black hole solutions of the su (N ) Einstein-Yang-Mills equations in four-dimensional asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetime. The gauge field has nontrivial electric and magnetic components and is described by N -1 magnetic gauge field functions and N -1 electric gauge field functions. We explore the phase space of solutions in detail for su (2 ) and su (3 ) gauge groups. Combinations of the electric gauge field functions are monotonic and have no zeros; in general the magnetic gauge field functions may have zeros. The phase space of solutions is extremely rich, and we find solutions in which the magnetic gauge field functions have more than fifty zeros. Of particular interest are solutions for which the magnetic gauge field functions have no zeros, which exist when the negative cosmological constant has sufficiently large magnitude. We conjecture that at least some of these nodeless solutions may be stable under linear, spherically symmetric, perturbations.
Vieira, H.S.; Bezerra, V.B.; Silva, G.V.
2015-11-15
Charged massive scalar fields are considered in the gravitational and electromagnetic field produced by a dyonic black hole with a cosmic string along its axis of symmetry. Exact solutions of both angular and radial parts of the covariant Klein–Gordon equation in this background are obtained, and are given in terms of the confluent Heun functions. The role of the presence of the cosmic string in these solutions is showed up. From the radial solution, we obtain the exact wave solutions near the exterior horizon of the black hole, and discuss the Hawking radiation spectrum and the energy flux. -- Highlights: •A cosmic string is introduced along the axis of symmetry of the dyonic black hole. •The covariant Klein–Gordon equation for a charged massive scalar field in this background is analyzed. •Both angular and radial parts are transformed to a confluent Heun equation. •The resulting Hawking radiation spectrum and the energy flux are obtained.
Sedenion unified theory of gravi-electromagnetism
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chanyal, B. C.
2014-11-01
In this paper, we represent 16-component sedenions, the generalization of octonions, which is noncommutative space-time algebra. The sedenions is neither a composition algebra nor a division algebra because it has zero divisors. Here we have formulated the sedenionic unified potential equations, unified fields equations and unified current equations of dyons and gravito-dyons. We have developed the sedenionic unified theory of dyons and gravito-dyons in terms of two eight-potentials leading to the structural symmetry between generalized electromagnetic fields of dyons and generalized gravito-Heavisidian fields of gravito-dyons. Thus we have obtained the sedenionic form of generalized Dirac-Maxwell's equations, unified work-energy theorem (Poynting theorem), generalized unified gravi-electromagnetic force and other quantum equations of dyons and gravito-dyons in simple, compact and consistent way incorporating the non-associativity and non-commutativity of sedenion variables.
Dual number coefficient octonion algebra, field equations and conservation laws
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chanyal, B. C.; Chanyal, S. K.
2017-09-01
Starting with octonion algebra, we develop the dual number coefficient octonion (DNCO) algebra having sixteen components. DNCO forms of generalized potential, field and current equations are discussed in consistent manner. We have made an attempt to write the DNCO form of generalized Dirac-Maxwell's equations in presence of electric and magnetic charges (dyons). Accordingly, we demonstrate the work-energy theorem of classical mechanics reproducing the continuity equation for dyons in terms of DNCO algebra. Further, we discuss the DNCO form of linear momentum conservation law for dyons.
Extremal dyonic black holes in D=4 Gauss-Bonnet gravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Chiang-Mei; Gal'Tsov, Dmitri V.; Orlov, Dmitry G.
2008-11-01
We investigate extremal dyon black holes in the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with higher curvature corrections in the form of the Gauss-Bonnet density coupled to the dilaton. In the same theory without the Gauss-Bonnet term the extremal dyon solutions exist only for discrete values of the dilaton coupling constant a. We show that the Gauss-Bonnet term acts as a dyon hair tonic enlarging the allowed values of a to continuous domains in the plane (a,qm) where qm is the magnetic charge. In the limit of the vanishing curvature coupling (a large magnetic charge) the dyon solutions obtained tend to the Reissner-Nordström solution but not to the extremal dyons of the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory. Both solutions have the same dependence of the horizon radius in terms of charges. The entropy of new dyonic black holes interpolates between the Bekenstein-Hawking value in the limit of the large magnetic charge (equivalent to the vanishing Gauss-Bonnet coupling) and twice this value for the vanishing magnetic charge. Although an expression for the entropy can be obtained analytically using purely local near-horizon solutions, its interpretation as the black hole entropy is legitimate only once the global black hole solution is known to exist, and we obtain numerically the corresponding conditions on the parameters. Thus, a purely local analysis is insufficient to fully understand the entropy of the curvature-corrected black holes. We also find dyon solutions which are not asymptotically flat, but approach the linear dilaton background at infinity. They describe magnetic black holes on the electric linear dilaton background.
Superconductivity in Supersymmetric Theory in Restricted Chromodynamics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rajput, B. S.; Kumar, Sandeep
2011-02-01
The study of superconductivity, dual superconductivity and color superconductivity has been undertaken through the breaking of super symmetric gauge theory in restricted chromo dynamics (RCD) which automatically incorporates the condensation of monopoles and dyons leading to confining and superconducting phases. Dyonic supermultiplets in N=1 super symmetry have been obtained quantum mechanically in RCD and it has been shown that dyon appears in RCD theory only through restricted part of the generalized potential and it is only this part of this potential which is responsible for quark confinement and the resulting superconductivity through the mechanism of dyonic condensation.
Calorons and monopoles from smeared SU(2) lattice fields at nonzero temperature
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ilgenfritz, E.-M.; Martemyanov, B. V.; Müller-Preussker, M.; Veselov, A. I.
2006-05-01
In equilibrium, at finite temperature below and above the deconfining phase transition, we have generated lattice SU(2) gauge fields and have exposed them to smearing in order to investigate the emerging clusters of topological charge. Analyzing in addition the monopole clusters according to the maximally Abelian gauge, we have been able to characterize part of the topological clusters to correspond either to nonstatic calorons or static dyons in the context of Kraan-van Baal caloron solutions with nontrivial holonomy. We show that the relative abundance of these calorons and dyons is changing with temperature and offer an interpretation as dissociation of calorons into dyons with increasing temperature. The profile of the Polyakov loop inside the topological clusters and the (model-dependent) accumulated topological cluster charges support this interpretation. Above the deconfining phase transition light dyons (according to Kraan-van Baal caloron solutions with almost trivial holonomy) become the most abundant topological objects. They are presumably responsible for the magnetic confinement in the deconfined phase.
Superconductivity due to soft super-symmetry breaking
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
S. Rajput, Balwant
2017-03-01
Revisiting the super-symmetric dyons in N = 2 super-symmetric theory and analyzing the possible soft breaking of N = 2 super-symmetric Yang Mills theory to N = 0 by making the dynamically generated mass scale ∧ a function of dilation spurion, it has been demonstrated that the scalar and auxiliary components of pre-potential, constructed in terms of dilation, are frozen to be constant to generate soft breaking of N = 2 theory and it has been shown that, as soon as these soft breaking terms are turned on, monopole condensation appears and we get a unique ground state and the superconducting phase. It is also shown that in this soft breaking of N = 2 super-symmetry, the superconductivity phase occurs due to condensation of monopoles only and the dyons do not condensate near the real u -plane.
The price of an electroweak monopole
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ellis, John; Mavromatos, Nick E.; You, Tevong
2016-05-01
In a recent paper, Cho, Kim and Yoon (CKY) have proposed a version of the SU (2) × U (1) Standard Model with finite-energy monopole and dyon solutions. The CKY model postulates that the effective U(1) gauge coupling →∞ very rapidly as the Englert-Brout-Higgs vacuum expectation value →0, but in a way that is incompatible with LHC measurements of the Higgs boson H → γγ decay rate. We construct generalisations of the CKY model that are compatible with the H → γγ constraint, and calculate the corresponding values of the monopole and dyon masses. We find that the monopole mass could be < 5.5 TeV, so that it could be pair-produced at the LHC and accessible to the MoEDAL experiment.
Recent progress in understanding deconfinement and chiral restoration phase transitions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shuryak, Edward
2017-03-01
Paradigme shift in gauge topology, from instantons to their constituents - instanton-dyons - has recently lead to very significant advances. Like instantons, they have fermionic zero modes, and their collectivization at sufficiently high density explains the chiral symmetry breaking. Unlike instantons, these objects have electric and magnetic charges. Their back reaction on the mean value of the Polyakov line (holonomy) allows to explain the deconfinement transition. The talk summarizes recent works on the dyon ensemble, done in the mean field approximation (MFA), and also by direct numerical statistical simulation. Introduction of non-trivial quark periodicity conditions leads to drastic changes in both deconfinement and chiral transitions. In particulaly, in the so called Z(Nc) - QCD model the former gets much stronger, while the latter does not seem to occur at all.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Flambaum, V. V.
1997-03-01
A radial magnetic field can induce a time-invariance-violating electric-dipole moment (EDM) in quantum systems. The EDMs of the Tl, Cs, Xe, and Hg atoms and the neutron that are produced by such a field are estimated. The contributions of such a field to the constants, χ of the T, P-odd interactions χeN.s/s and χNN.I/I are also estimated for the TlF, HgF, and YbF molecules [where s (I) is the electron (nuclear) spin and N is the molecular axis]. The best limit on the contact monopole field can be obtained from the measured value of the Tl EDM. The possibility of such a field being produced from polarization of the vacuum of electrically charged magnetic monopoles (dyons) by a Coulomb field is discussed, as well as the limit on these dyons. An alternative mechanism involves chromomagnetic and chromoelectric fields in QCD.
Strongly coupled plasma with electric and magnetic charges
Liao Jinfeng; Shuryak, Edward
2007-05-15
A number of theoretical and lattice results lead us to believe that quark-gluon plasma not too far from T{sub c} contains not only electrically charged quasiparticles - quarks and gluons - but magnetically charged ones--monopoles and dyons--as well. Although binary systems such as charge-monopole and charge-dyon were considered in detail before in both classical and quantum settings, this is the first study of coexisting electric and magnetic particles in a many-body context. We perform a molecular dynamics study of strongly coupled plasmas with {approx}1000 particles and differing fractions of magnetic charge. Correlation functions and Kubo formulas lead to transport properties such as the diffusion constant, the shear viscosity, and electric conductivity: We compare the first two with empirical data from RHIC experiments as well as with results from anti-de-Sitter space/conformal field theory correspondence. We also study a number of collective excitations in these systems.
Two applications of axion electrodynamics
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Wilczek, Frank
1987-01-01
The equations of axion electrodynamics are studied. Variations in the axion field can give rise to peculiar distributions of charge and current. These effects provide a simple understanding of the fractional electric charge on dyons and of some recently discovered oddities in the electrodynamics of antiphase boundaries in PbTe. Some speculations regarding the possible occurrence of related phenomena in other solids are presented.
Chaos in Non-Abelian Gauge Fields, Gravity and Cosmology
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Matinyan, S. G.
2002-12-01
This talk describes the evolution of studies of chaos in Yang-Mills fields, gravity, and cosmology. The main subject is a BKL regime near the singularity t = 0 and its survival in higher dimensions and in string theory. We also describe the recent progress in the search for particle-like solutions of the Einstein-Yang-Mills system (monopoles and dyons), colored black holes and the problem of their stability.
A Reissner-Nordstrom solution with non-vanishing fermion number
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lohiya, Daksh
1983-10-01
This communication reports on a search for a zero frequency solution of the Dirac operator in the presence of black hole dyons. The presence of such modes leads to a solution with a non-vanishing fermion number. Such solutions are expected to be important in discussions of chiral symmetry breaking processes near black holes. These features are intimately related to recent assertions of monopole catalysed proton decay processes.
Dual Superconductivity in Abelian Higgs Model of QCD
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rajput, B. S.
2017-04-01
The study of generalized field associated with Abelian dyons has been undertaken and it has been demonstrated that topologically, a non-Abelian gauge theory is equivalent to a set of Abelian gauge theories supplemented by dyons which undergo condensation leading to confinement and consequently to superconducting model of QCD vacuum, where the Higgs field plays the role of a regulator only. Constructing the effective action for dyonic field in Abelian projection of QCD, it has been demonstrated that any charge (electrical or magnetic) of dyon screens its own direct potential to which it minimally couples and anti-screens the dual potential leading to dual superconductivity in accordance with generalized Meissner effect. In this Abelian projection of QCD an Abelian Higgs model (AHM) has been successfully constructed and it has been shown to incorporate dual superconductivity and confinement as the consequence of dyonic condensation. It has been demonstrated that in AHM t' Hooft loop creates the string (AHM-string) around which the monopole current under London limit leads to vanishing coherence length in the chromo-magnetic superconductor. It has also been shown that in London limit the squared density of monopole current around AHM-string has a maximum at the distance of the order of penetration length.
Kepler unbound: Some elegant curiosities of classical mechanics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
MacKay, Niall J.; Salour, Sam
2015-01-01
We explain two exotic systems of classical mechanics: the McIntosh-Cisneros-Zwanziger ("MICZ") Kepler system, of motion of a charged particle in the presence of a modified dyon; and Gibbons and Manton's description of the slow motion of well-separated solitonic ("BPS") monopoles using Taub-NUT space. Each system is characterized by the conservation of a Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector, and we use elementary vector techniques to show that each obeys a subtly different variation on Kepler's three laws for the Newton-Coulomb two-body problem, including a new modified Kepler third law for BPS monopoles.
Monopole content of topological clusters: Have Kraan-van Baal calorons been found?
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ilgenfritz, E.-M.; Martemyanov, B. V.; Müller-Preussker, M.; Veselov, A. I.
2005-02-01
Using smearing of equilibrium lattice fields generated at finite temperature in the confined phase of SU(2) lattice gauge theory, we have investigated the emerging topological objects (clusters of topological charge). Analyzing their monopole content according to the Polyakov gauge and the maximally Abelian gauge, we characterize part of them to correspond to nonstatic calorons or static dyons in the context of Kraan-van Baal caloron solutions with nontrivial holonomy. The behavior of the Polyakov loop inside these clusters and the (model-dependent) topological charges of these objects support this interpretation.
Particle-like structure of Lie algebras
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vinogradov, A. M.
2017-07-01
If a Lie algebra structure 𝔤 on a vector space is the sum of a family of mutually compatible Lie algebra structures 𝔤i's, we say that 𝔤 is simply assembled from the 𝔤i's. Repeating this procedure with a number of Lie algebras, themselves simply assembled from the 𝔤i's, one obtains a Lie algebra assembled in two steps from 𝔤i's, and so on. We describe the process of modular disassembling of a Lie algebra into a unimodular and a non-unimodular part. We then study two inverse questions: which Lie algebras can be assembled from a given family of Lie algebras, and from which Lie algebras can a given Lie algebra be assembled. We develop some basic assembling and disassembling techniques that constitute the elements of a new approach to the general theory of Lie algebras. The main result of our theory is that any finite-dimensional Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero or over R can be assembled in a finite number of steps from two elementary constituents, which we call dyons and triadons. Up to an abelian summand, a dyon is a Lie algebra structure isomorphic to the non-abelian 2-dimensional Lie algebra, while a triadon is isomorphic to the 3-dimensional Heisenberg Lie algebra. As an example, we describe constructions of classical Lie algebras from triadons.
Duality, Confinement and Supersymmetry in Restricted Quantum Chromodynamics (rcd)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rana, J. M. S.
Electromagnetic duality has been utilized to study the isocolor charge-dyon interactions in Restricted Quantum Chromodynamics (RCD),in terms of current-current correlation (in magnetic gauge)using dielectric and permeability parameters of the associated vacuum. In the state of dyonic superconductivity, it has been shown that the dual propagators behave as 1/k4 (for small k2), which in analogy with superconductivity (dual superconductivity) leads to the confinement of colored fluxes associated with dyonic quarks vide generalized Meissner effect. Based on semi-quantitative analysis of vortex solutions of RCD and by calculating the masses for the massive collective modes of the condensed vacuum, the expressions for the London penetration depth, coherence length and the associated flux energy functions for the type I and type II superconducting media have been obtained. It has further been demonstrated that in the type I medium, vortices tend to coalesce and hence are attractive, while the energy function supports repulsive forces between vortices in the type II superconducting medium. The RCD has been supersymmetrized in N=1 limit and the supersymmetric dyonic solutions have been obtained. In the dyonic background gauge one-loop quantum corrections to the dyonic mass have been calculated and it has been shown that the one-loop quantum corrections lead no change in classical mass of the dyon.
Partition function of N={2}^{ast } SYM on a large four-sphere
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hollowood, Timothy J.; Kumar, S. Prem
2015-12-01
We examine the partition function of N={2}^{ast } supersymmetric SU( N) Yang-Mills theory on the four-sphere in the large radius limit. We point out that the large radius partition function, at fixed N, is computed by saddle-points lying on walls of marginal stability on the Coulomb branch of the theory on {R}^4 . For N an even (odd) integer and θ YM = 0( π), these include a point of maximal degeneration of the Donagi-Witten curve to a torus where BPS dyons with electric charge [N/2] become massless. We argue that the dyon singularity is the lone saddle-point in the SU(2) theory, while for SU( N) with N > 2, we characterize potentially competing saddle-points by obtaining the relations between the Seiberg-Witten periods at such points. Using Nekrasov's instanton partition function, we solve for the maximally degenerate saddle-point and obtain its free energy as a function of g YM and N, and show that the results are "large- N exact". In the large- N theory our results provide analytical expressions for the periods/eigenvalues at the maximally degenerate saddle-point, precisely matching previously known formulae following from the correspondence between N={2}^{ast } theory and the elliptic Calogero-Moser integrable model. The maximally singular point ceases to be a saddle-point of the partition function above a critical value of the coupling, in agreement with the recent findings of Russo and Zarembo.
Vieira, H.S.; Bezerra, V.B.
2016-10-15
We apply the confluent Heun functions to study the resonant frequencies (quasispectrum), the Hawking radiation and the scattering process of scalar waves, in a class of spacetimes, namely, the ones generated by a Kerr–Newman–Kasuya spacetime (dyon black hole) and a Reissner–Nordström black hole surrounded by a magnetic field (Ernst spacetime). In both spacetimes, the solutions for the angular and radial parts of the corresponding Klein–Gordon equations are obtained exactly, for massive and massless fields, respectively. The special cases of Kerr and Schwarzschild black holes are analyzed and the solutions obtained, as well as in the case of a Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by a magnetic field. In all these special situations, the resonant frequencies, Hawking radiation and scattering are studied. - Highlights: • Charged massive scalar field in the dyon black hole and massless scalar field in the Ernst spacetime are analyzed. • The confluent Heun functions are applied to obtain the solution of the Klein–Gordon equation. • The resonant frequencies are obtained. • The Hawking radiation and the scattering process of scalar waves are examined.
Cho decomposition of electrically charged one-half monopole
Ng, Ban-Loong; Teh, Rosy; Wong, Khai-Ming
2014-03-05
Recently we have carried out some work on the Cho decomposition of the electrically neutral, finite energy one-half monopole solution of the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs field theory. In this paper, we performed the decomposition of the electrically charged solution using the same numerical procedure. The gauge potential of the one-half dyon solution is decomposed into Abelian and non-Abelian components. The semi-infinite string singularity in the gauge potential is a contribution of the Higgs field and hence topological in nature. The string singularity cannot be cancelled by the non-Abelian components of the gauge potential. However, the string singularity is integrable and the energy of the solution is finite. By decomposing the magnetic fields and covariant derivatives of the Higgs field into three isospin space directions, we are able to provide conclusive evidence that the constructed one-half dyon is certainly a non-BPS solution even in the limit of vanishing Higgs self-coupling constant and electric charge. Furthermore, we found that the time component of gauge function is parallel to the Higgs field in isospace only at large distances, elsewhere they are non-parallel.
The MoEDAL experiment at the LHC: status and results
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mitsou, Vasiliki A.; MoEDAL Collaboration
2017-07-01
The MoEDAL experiment at the LHC is optimised to detect highly ionising particles such as magnetic monopoles, dyons and (multiply) electrically charged stable massive particles predicted in a number of theoretical scenarios. MoEDAL, deployed in the LHCb cavern, combines passive nuclear track detectors with magnetic monopole trapping volumes (MMTs), while spallation-product backgrounds are being monitored with an array of MediPix pixel detectors. An introduction to the detector concept and its physics reach, complementary to that of the large general purpose LHC experiments ATLAS and CMS, will be given. Emphasis is given to the recent MoEDAL results at 13 TeV, where the null results from a search for magnetic monopoles in MMTs exposed in 2015 LHC collisions set the world-best limits on particles with magnetic charges more than 1.5 Dirac charge. The potential to search for heavy, long-lived supersymmetric electrically-charged particles is also discussed.
Dirac's Dream - the Search for the Magnetic Monopole
Pinfold, James L.
2010-11-24
I first quickly summarize the history of the Magnetic Monopole leading to the quantum theory of magnetic charge that started with a 1931 paper by Paul Dirac who showed that the existence of magnetic monopoles was consistent with Maxwell's equations only if electric charges are quantized. Next I will briefly review the status of monopole searches. Last, but not least I discuss in more detail the MoEDAL experiment--the latest accelerator experiment designed to search for direct production of magnetic monopoles or dyons (particles with electric and magnetic charge) and other highly ionizing particles - such as heavy (pseudo-) stable particles with conventional electric charge - at the LHC. The MoEDAL experiment employs nuclear track-etch detectors deployed in the VELO vertex region of the LHCb experiment.
Gauge Theories on the Coulomb Branch
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schwarz, John H.
We construct the world-volume action of a probe D3-brane in AdS5 × S5 with N units of flux. It has the field content, symmetries, and dualities of the U(1) factor of 𝒩 = 4 U(N + 1) super Yang-Mills theory, spontaneously broken to U(N) × U(1) by being on the Coulomb branch, with the massive fields integrated out. This motivates the conjecture that it is the exact effective action, called a highly effective action (HEA). We construct an SL(2, Z) multiplet of BPS soliton solutions of the D3-brane theory (the conjectured HEA) and show that they reproduce the electrically charged massive states that have been integrated out as well as magnetic monopoles and dyons. Their charges are uniformly spread on a spherical surface, called a soliton bubble, which is interpreted as a phase boundary.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vieira, H. S.; Bezerra, V. B.
2016-10-01
We apply the confluent Heun functions to study the resonant frequencies (quasispectrum), the Hawking radiation and the scattering process of scalar waves, in a class of spacetimes, namely, the ones generated by a Kerr-Newman-Kasuya spacetime (dyon black hole) and a Reissner-Nordström black hole surrounded by a magnetic field (Ernst spacetime). In both spacetimes, the solutions for the angular and radial parts of the corresponding Klein-Gordon equations are obtained exactly, for massive and massless fields, respectively. The special cases of Kerr and Schwarzschild black holes are analyzed and the solutions obtained, as well as in the case of a Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by a magnetic field. In all these special situations, the resonant frequencies, Hawking radiation and scattering are studied.
Superconductivity in Restricted Chromo-Dynamics (RCD) in SU(2) and SU(3) Gauge Theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kumar, Sandeep
2010-03-01
Characterizing the dyonically condensed vacuum by the presence of two massive modes (one determining how fast the perturbative vacuum around a colour source reaches the condensation and the other giving the penetration length of colored flux) in SU(2) theory, it has been shown that due to the dynamical breaking of magnetic symmetry the vacuum of RCD acquires the properties similar to those of relativistic superconductor. Analysing the behaviour of dyons around RCD string, the solutions of classical field equations have been obtained and it has been shown that magnetic constituent of dyonic current is zero at centre of the string and also at the points far away from the string. Extending RCD in the realistic color gauge group SU(3), it has been shown that the resulting Lagrangian leads to dyonic condensation, color confinement and the superconductivity with the presence of two scalar modes and two vector modes.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pioline, Boris
2015-04-01
In D = 4 , theories on , the index receives contributions not only from single-particle BPS states, counted by the BPS indices, but also from multi-particle states made of BPS constituents. In a recent work [1], a general formula expressing the index in terms of the BPS indices was proposed, which is smooth across walls of marginal stability and reproduces the expected single-particle contributions. In this note, I analyze the two-particle contributions predicted by this formula, and show agreement with the spectral asymmetry of the continuum of scattering states in the supersymmetric quantum mechanics of two non-relativistic, mutually non-local dyons. This may provide a physical justification for the error function profile used in the mathematics literature on indefinite theta series, and in the physics literature on black hole partition functions.
Seiberg-Witten and 'Polyakov-like' Magnetic Bion Confinements are Continuously Connected
Poppitz, Erich; Unsal, Mithat; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.
2012-06-01
We study four-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric pure-gauge (Seiberg-Witten) theory and its N = 1 mass perturbation by using compactification on S{sup 1} x R{sup 3}. It is well known that on R{sup 4} (or at large S{sup 1} size L) the perturbed theory realizes confinement through monopole or dyon condensation. At small S{sup 1}, we demonstrate that confinement is induced by a generalization of Polyakov's three-dimensional instanton mechanism to a locally four-dimensional theory - the magnetic bion mechanism - which also applies to a large class of nonsupersymmetric theories. Using a large- vs. small-L Poisson duality, we show that the two mechanisms of confinement, previously thought to be distinct, are in fact continuously connected.
Electroweak monopoles and the electroweak phase transition
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Arunasalam, Suntharan; Kobakhidze, Archil
2017-07-01
We consider an isolated electroweak monopole solution within the Standard Model with a nonlinear Born-Infeld extension of the hypercharge gauge field. Monopole (and dyon) solutions in such an extension are regular and their masses are predicted to be proportional to the Born-Infeld mass parameter. We argue that cosmological production of electroweak monopoles may delay the electroweak phase transition and make it more strongly first order for monopole masses M≳ 9.3 {\\cdot } 10^3 TeV, while the nucleosynthesis constraints on the abundance of relic monopoles impose the bound M≲ 2.3\\cdot 10^4 TeV. The monopoles with a mass in this shallow range may be responsible for the dynamical generation of the matter-antimatter asymmetry during the electroweak phase transition.
Dirac's Dream-the Search for the Magnetic Monopole
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pinfold, James L.
2010-11-01
I first quickly summarize the history of the Magnetic Monopole leading to the quantum theory of magnetic charge that started with a 1931 paper by Paul Dirac who showed that the existence of magnetic monopoles was consistent with Maxwell's equations only if electric charges are quantized. Next I will briefly review the status of monopole searches. Last, but not least I discuss in more detail the MoEDAL experiment-the latest accelerator experiment designed to search for direct production of magnetic monopoles or dyons (particles with electric and magnetic charge) and other highly ionizing particles-such as heavy (pseudo-) stable particles with conventional electric charge-at the LHC. The MoEDAL experiment employs nuclear track-etch detectors deployed in the VELO vertex region of the LHCb experiment.
Salty popcorn in a homogeneous low-dimensional toy model of holographic QCD
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Elliot-Ripley, Matthew
2017-04-01
Recently, a homogeneous ansatz has been used to study cold dense nuclear matter in the Sakai–Sugimoto model of holographic QCD. To justify this homogeneous approximation we here investigate a homogeneous ansatz within a low-dimensional toy version of Sakai–Sugimoto to study finite baryon density configurations and compare it to full numerical solutions. We find the ansatz corresponds to enforcing a dyon salt arrangement in which the soliton solutions are split into half-soliton layers. Within this ansatz we find analogues of the proposed baryonic popcorn transitions, in which solutions split into multiple layers in the holographic direction. The homogeneous results are found to qualitatively match the full numerical solutions, lending confidence to the homogeneous approximations of the full Sakai–Sugimoto model. In addition, we find exact compact solutions in the high density, flat space limit which demonstrate the existence of further popcorn transitions to three layers and beyond.
The Theory of High Energy Collision Processes - Final Report DOE/ER/40158-1
Wu, Tai, T.
2011-09-15
In 1984, DOE awarded Harvard University a new Grant DE-FG02-84ER40158 to continue their support of Tai Tsun Wu as Principal Investigator of research on the theory of high energy collision processes. This Grant was renewed and remained active continuously from June 1, 1984 through November 30, 2007. Topics of interest during the 23-year duration of this Grant include: the theory and phenomenology of collision and production processes at ever higher energies; helicity methods of QED and QCD; neutrino oscillations and masses; Yang-Mills gauge theory; Beamstrahlung; Fermi pseudopotentials; magnetic monopoles and dyons; cosmology; classical confinement; mass relations; Bose-Einstein condensation; and large-momentum-transfer scattering processes. This Final Report describes the research carried out on Grant DE-FG02-84ER40158 for the period June 1, 1984 through November 30, 2007. Two books resulted from this project and a total of 125 publications.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Govindarajan, Suresh
2012-11-01
The D1-D5-KK-p system naturally provides an infinite-dimensional module graded by the dyonic charges whose dimensions are counted by the Igusa cusp form, Φ10(Z). We show that the Mathieu group, M24, acts on this module by recovering the Siegel modular forms that count twisted dyons as a trace over this module. This is done by recovering Borcherds product formulae for these modular forms using the M24 action. This establishes the correspondence ('moonshine') proposed in arXiv:0907.1410 that relates conjugacy classes of M24 to Siegel modular forms. This also, in a sense that we make precise, subsumes existing moonshines for M24 that relates its conjugacy classes to eta-products and Jacobi forms.
Heterotic string on the CHL orbifold of K3
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Datta, Shouvik; David, Justin R.; Lüst, Dieter
2016-02-01
We study {N}=2 compactifications of heterotic string theory on the CHL orbifold (K3× {T}^2)/{{Z}}_N with N = 2, 3, 5, 7. {{Z}}_N acts as an automorphism on K3 together with a shift of 1/ N along one of the circles of T 2. These compactifications generalize the example of the heterotic string on K3 × T 2 studied in the context of dualities in {N}=2 string theories. We evaluate the new supersymmetric index for these theories and show that their expansion can be written in terms of the McKay-Thompson series associated with the {{Z}}_N automorphism embedded in the Mathieu group M 24. We then evaluate the difference in one-loop threshold corrections to the non-Abelian gauge couplings with Wilson lines and show that their moduli dependence is captured by Siegel modular forms related to dyon partition functions of {N}=4 string theories.
Black hole solutions in Euler-Heisenberg theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yajima, Hiroki; Tamaki, Takashi
2001-03-01
We construct static and spherically symmetric black hole solutions in the Einstein-Euler-Heisenberg (EEH) system which is considered as an effective action of a superstring theory. We consider electrically charged, magnetically charged, and dyon solutions. We can solve analytically for the magnetically charged case. We find that they have some remarkable properties about causality and black hole thermodynamics depending on the coupling constant of the EH theory a and b, though they have a central singularity as in the Schwarzschild black hole. We restrict a>0 because it is natural if we think of EH theory as a low-energy limit of the Born-Infeld (BI) theory. (i) For the magnetically charged case, whether or not the extreme solution exists depends on the critical parameter a=acrit. For a<=acrit, there is an extreme solution as in the Reissner-Nortström (RN) solution. The main difference from the RN solution is that there appear solutions below the horizon radius of the extreme solution and they exist till rH-->0. Moreover, for a>acrit, there is no extreme solution. For arbitrary a, the temperature diverges in the rH-->0 limit. (ii) For the electrically charged case, the inner horizon appears under some critical mass M0 and the extreme solution always exists. The lower limit of the horizon radius decreases when the coupling constant a increases. (iii) For the dyon case, we expect a variety of properties because of the term b(ɛμνρσFμνFρσ)2 which is peculiar to the EH theory. But their properties are mainly decided by the combination of the parameters a+8b. We show that solutions have similar properties to the magnetically charged case in the rH-->0 limit for a+8b<=0. For a+8b>0, it depends on the parameters a,b.
Enhancement of plasma burn-through simulation and validation in JET
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, Hyun-Tae; Fundamenski, W.; Sips, A. C. C.; Contributors, EFDA-JET
2012-10-01
In this paper, new models for a plasma burn-through simulation using the DYON code are introduced in detail, and the quantitative validation of the simulation results against JET data is presented for the first time. In order to calculate the particle confinement time, a dynamic effective connection length model including an eddy current effect is used assuming ambipolar transonic transport and the Bohm diffusion model for parallel and perpendicular particle losses, respectively. Plasma-surface interaction effects are treated with an impurity sputtering yield and an exponential saturation model of the deuterium recycling coefficient. The rate and power coefficients in the Atomic Data and Analysis Structure (ADAS) package are adopted to solve energy and particle balance. The neutral screening effects are taken into account according to particle species, and the sophisticated energy and particle balances are presented. The new burn-through simulation shows good agreement against carbon-wall JET data. This indicates that the burn-through simulation can be applied to investigate the key aspect of physics in plasma burn-through and to perform a predictive simulation for ITER start-up.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shih, Sheng-Yu Darren
This thesis covers two distinct parts: Holomorphic Anomaly in Gauge Theory on ALE Space and Freudenthal Gauge Theory. In part I, I presented a concise review of the Seiberg-Witten curve, Nekrasov's background, geometric engineering and the holomorphic anomaly equation followed by my published work: Holomorphic Anomaly in Gauge Theory on ALE Space, where an deformed N = 2 SU(2) gauge theory on A1 space and its five dimension lift is studied. We find that the partition functions can be reproduced via special geometry and the holomorphic anomaly equation. Schwinger type integral expressions for the boundary conditions at the monopole/dyon point in moduli space are inferred. The interpretation of the five dimensional partition function as the partition function of a refined topological string on A1x(local P1 x P1) is suggested. In part II, I give a comprehensive review of the Freudenthal Triple System, including Freudenthal's orginal construction from Jordan Triple Systems and its relation to Lie algebra, Yang-Baxter equation, and 4d N = 2 BPS black holes, where the novel Freudenthal-dual was discovered. I also present my published work on the Freudenthal Gauge Theory, where we construct the most generic gauge theory admitting F-dual, and prove a no-go theorem that forbids coupling of a F-dual invariant gauge theory to supersymmetry.
Multi-dimensional IWP solutions for heterotic string theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Herrera-Aguilar, Alfredo; Kechkin, Oleg
1999-06-01
We present extremal stationary solutions that generalize the Israel-Wilson-Perjés class for the (d + 3)-dimensional low-energy limit of heterotic string theory with n icons/Journals/Common/geq" ALT="geq" ALIGN="TOP"/> d + 1 U(1) gauge fields compactified on a d-torus. A rotating axisymmetric dyonic solution is obtained using the matrix Ernst potential formulation and expressed in terms of a single (d + 1) × (d + 1)-matrix harmonic function. By studying the asymptotic behaviour of the field configurations we define the physical charges of the field system. They satisfy the extremality condition that makes the three-dimensional metric flat. The gyromagnetic ratios of the corresponding field configurations appear to have arbitrary values. A subclass of rotating dyonic black-hole-type solutions arises when the NUT charges are set to zero. In the particular case of d = 1, n = 6, which corresponds to N = 4, D = 4 supergravity, the found dyon reproduces the dyonic solution constructed by Bergshoeff et al.
Marginal stability and the metamorphosis of Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield states
Ritz, Adam; Shifman, Mikhail; Vainshtein, Arkady; Voloshin, Mikhail
2001-03-15
We discuss the restructuring of the BPS spectrum which occurs on certain submanifolds of the moduli or parameter space -- the curves of the marginal stability (CMS) -- using quasiclassical methods. We argue that in general a ''composite'' BPS soliton swells in coordinate space as one approaches the CMS and that, as a bound state of two ''primary'' solitons, its dynamics in this region is determined by nonrelativistic supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Near the CMS the bound state has a wave function which is highly spread out. Precisely on the CMS the bound state level reaches the continuum, the composite state delocalizes in coordinate space, and restructuring of the spectrum can occur. We present a detailed analysis of this behavior in a two-dimensional N=2 Wess-Zumino model with two chiral fields, and then discuss how it arises in the context of ''composite'' dyons near weak coupling CMS curves in N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories. We also consider cases where some states become massless on the CMS.
Axion detection via topological Casimir effect
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cao, ChunJun; Zhitnitsky, Ariel
2017-07-01
We propose a new table-top experimental configuration for the direct detection of dark matter QCD axions in the traditional open mass window 10-6 eV ≲ma≲10-2 eV using nonperturbative effects in a system with nontrivial spatial topology. Different from most experimental setups found in literature on direct dark matter axion detection, which relies on θ ˙ or ∇ → θ , we found that our system is in principle sensitive to a static θ ≥10-14 and can also be used to set limit on the fundamental constant θQED which becomes the fundamental observable parameter of the Maxwell system if some conditions are met. Furthermore, the proposed experiments can probe entire open mass window 10-6 eV ≲ma≲10-2 eV with the same design, which should be contrasted with conventional cavity-type experiments being sensitive to a specific axion mass. Connection with Witten effect when the induced electric charge e' is proportional to θ and the magnetic monopole becomes the dyon with nonvanishing e'=-e θ/2 π is also discussed.
On the Møller Energy Associated with Black Holes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Saltı, Mustafa; Aydogdu, Oktay
2006-12-01
In this paper, we consider both Einstein's theory of general relativity and the teleparallel gravity (the tetrad theory of gravitation) analogs of the energy-momentum definition of Møller in order to explicitly evaluate the energy distribution (due to matter and fields including gravity) associated with a general black hole model which includes several well-known black holes. To calculate the special cases of energy distribution, here we consider eight different types of black hole models such as anti-de Sitter Cmetric with spherical topology, charged regular black hole, conformal scalar dyon black hole, dyadosphere of a charged black hole, regular black hole, charged topological black hole, charged massless black hole with a scalar field, and the Schwarzschild-de Sitter space-time. Our teleparallel gravitational result is also independent of the teleparallel dimensionless coupling constant, which means that it is valid not only in teleparallel equivalent of general relativity but also in any teleparallel model. This paper also sustains (a) the importance of the energy-momentum definitions in the evaluation of the energy distribution of a given spacetime and (b) the viewpoint of Lessner that the Møller energy-momentum complex is the powerful concept to calculate energy distribution in a given space-time.
Dynamical black holes in low-energy string theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aniceto, Pedro; Rocha, Jorge V.
2017-05-01
We investigate time-dependent spherically symmetric solutions of the four-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-axion-dilaton system, with the dilaton coupling that occurs in low-energy effective heterotic string theory. A class of dilaton-electrovacuum radiating solutions with a trivial axion, previously found by Güven and Yörük, is re-derived in a simpler manner and its causal structure is clarified. It is shown that such dynamical spacetimes featuring apparent horizons do not possess a regular light-like past null infinity or future null infinity, depending on whether they are radiating or accreting. These solutions are then extended in two ways. First we consider a Vaidya-like generalisation, which introduces a null dust source. Such spacetimes are used to test the status of cosmic censorship in the context of low-energy string theory. We prove that — within this family of solutions — regular black holes cannot evolve into naked singularities by accreting null dust, unless standard energy conditions are violated. Secondly, we employ S-duality to derive new time-dependent dyon solutions with a nontrivial axion turned on. Although they share the same causal structure as their Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton counterparts, these solutions possess both electric and magnetic charges.
Angular momentum, g-value, and magnetic flux of gyration states
Arunasalam, V.
1991-10-01
Two of the world's leading (Nobel laureate) physicists disagree on the definition of the orbital angular momentum L of the Landau gyration states of a spinless charged particle in a uniform external magnetic field B = B i{sub Z}. According to Richard P. Feynman (and also Frank Wilczek) L = (rx{mu}v) = rx(p - qA/c), while Felix Bloch (and also Kerson Huang) defines it as L = rxp. We show here that Bloch's definition is the correct one since it satisfies the necessary and sufficient condition LxL = i{Dirac h} L, while Feynman's definition does not. However, as a consequence of the quantized Aharonov-Bohm magnetic flux, this canonical orbital angular momentum (surprisingly enough) takes half-odd-integral values with a zero-point gyration states of L{sub Z} = {Dirac h}/2. Further, since the diamagnetic and the paramagnetic contributions to the magnetic moment are interdependent, the g-value of these gyration states is two and not one, again a surprising result for a spinless case. The differences between the gauge invariance in classical and quantum mechanics, Onsager's suggestion that the flux quantization might be an intrinsic property of the electromagnetic field-charged particle interaction, the possibility that the experimentally measured fundamental unit of the flux quantum need not necessarily imply the existence of electron pairing'' of the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superconductivity theory, and the relationship to the Dirac's angular momentum quantization condition for the magnetic monopole-charged particle composites (i.e. Schwinger's dyons), are also briefly examined from a pedestrian viewpoint.
Vlachonikolou, Georgia; Gkolfakis, Paraskevas; Sioulas, Athanasios D; Papanikolaou, Ioannis S; Melissaratou, Anastasia; Moustafa, Giannis-Aimant; Xanthopoulou, Eleni; Tsilimidos, Gerasimos; Tsironi, Ioanna; Filippidis, Paraskevas; Malli, Chrysoula; Dimitriadis, George D; Triantafyllou, Konstantinos
2016-08-15
To measure the compliance of an Academic Hospital staff with a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program using fecal immunochemical test (FIT). All employees of "Attikon" University General Hospital aged over 50 years were thoroughly informed by a team of physicians and medical students about the study aims and they were invited to undergo CRC screening using two rounds of FIT (DyoniFOB(®) Combo H, DyonMed SA, Athens, Greece). The tests were provided for free and subjects tested positive were subsequently referred for colonoscopy. One year after completing the two rounds, participants were asked to be re-screened by means of the same test. Among our target population consisted of 211 employees, 59 (27.9%) consented to participate, but only 41 (19.4%) and 24 (11.4%) completed the first and the second FIT round, respectively. Female gender was significantly associated with higher initial participation (P = 0.005) and test completion - first and second round - (P = 0.004 and P = 0.05) rates, respectively. Physician's (13.5% vs 70.2%, P < 0.0001) participation and test completion rates (7.5% vs 57.6%, P < 0.0001 for the first and 2.3% vs 34%, P < 0.0001 for the second round) were significantly lower compared to those of the administrative/technical staff. Similarly, nurses participated (25.8% vs 70.2%, P = 0.0002) and completed the first test round (19.3% vs 57.6%, P = 0.004) in a significant lower rate than the administrative/technical staff. One test proved false positive. No participant repeated the test one year later. Despite the well-organized, guided and supervised provision of the service, the compliance of the Academic Hospital personnel with a FIT-based CRC screening program was suboptimal, especially among physicians.
Extending the Standard Model with Confining and Conformal Dynamics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
McRaven, John Emory
would leave very little of its energy in the calorimeter, so while detecting the presence of a heavy stable state would be easy, measuring the strength of the detecting it would require accurate measurements of missing energy, or the ability to identify it in the muon tracker. We then study the phenomenology of a 4D model of electroweak symmetry breaking through the condensation of magnetic monopoles. A new generation of fermions with magnetic charges in addition to electric charges is introduced. The dyons condense and break the electroweak symmetry. The magnetic coupling is inversely proportional to the electric coupling, causing it to be strong. The processes involving magnetic couplings thus provide interesting phenomenology to study. We primarily study the processes involving di-photon production and compare it to early LHC results. Finally, we calculate triangle anomalies for fermions with non-canonical scaling dimensions. The most well known example of such fermions (aka unfermions) occurs in Seiberg duality where the matching of anomalies (including mesinos with scaling dimensions between 3/2 and 5/2) is a crucial test of duality. By weakly gauging the non-local action for an unfermion, we calculate the one-loop three-current amplitude. Despite the fact that there are more graphs with more complicated propagators and vertices, we find that the calculation can be completed in a way that nearly parallels the usual case. We show that the anomaly factor for fermionic unparticles is independent of the scaling dimension and identical to that for ordinary fermions. This can be viewed as a confirmation that unparticle actions correctly capture the physics of conformal fixed point theories like Banks-Zaks or SUSY QCD.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
2014-02-01
On 5 - 6 June 2013, an extended session of the all-institute seminar was held at the Russian Federation State Scientific Center 'Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics' (ITEP). It was devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician Isaak Yakovlevich Pomeranchuk, the founder of the Theory Department of ITEP. The announced agenda of the session on the ITEP website http://www.itep.ru/rus/Pomeranchuk100.html contained the following reports: (1) Gershtein S S (SRC 'Institute for High Energy Physics', Protvino, Moscow region) "I Ya Pomeranchuk and the large accelerator";(2) Keldysh L V (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS (FIAN), Moscow) "Dynamic tunneling";(3) Vaks V G (National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (NRC KI), Moscow) "Brief reminiscences";(4) Smilga A V (Laboratoire Physique Subatomique et des technologies associées, Université de Nantes, France) "Vacuum structure in 3D supersymmetric gauge theories";(5) Khriplovich I B (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk) "Gravitational four-fermion interaction and early Universe dynamics";(6) Dremin I M (FIAN, Moscow) "Elastic scattering of hadrons";(7) Belavin A A (Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, RAS, Moscow) "Correlators in minimal string models";(8) Voloshin M B (Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, USA) "Exotic quarkonium";(9) Nekrasov N A (Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHES), France) "BPS/CFT correspondence";(10) Zarembo K (Uppsala Universitet, Sweden) "Exact results in supersymmetric theories and AdS/CFT correspondence";(11) Gorsky A S (ITEP, Moscow) "Baryon as a dyon instanton";(12) Blinnikov S I (ITEP, Moscow) "Mirror substance and other models for dark matter";(13) Rubakov V A (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Test-tube Universe";(14) Kancheli O V (ITEP, Moscow) "50 years of reggistics";(15) Shevchenko V I (NRC KI) "In search of the chiral magnetic effect";(16) Kirilin V P (ITEP, Moscow) "Anomalies and
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
. Saturation effects in diffractive scattering at LHC By Oleg Selugin. A nonperturbative expansion method in QCD and R-related quantities By Igor Solovtsov. Z-scaling and high multiplicity particle Production in bar pp/pp & AA collisions at Tevatron and RHIC By Mikhail Tokarev. Scaling behaviour of the reactionsdd - > p↑ /3H and pd - > pd with pT at energy I-2 GeV By Yuri Uzikov. [ADS Note: Title formula can not be rendered correctly in ASCII.] CP violation, rare decays, CKM: Precision Measurements of the Mass of the Top Quark at CDF (Precision Top Mass Measurements at CDF) By Daniel Whiteson. Measurement of the Bs Oscillation at CDF By Luciano Ristori. The Bs mixing phase at LHCb By J. J. van Hunen. ATLAS preparations for precise measurements of semileptonic rare B decays By K. Toms. Hadron spectroscopy & exotics: Searches for radial excited states of charmonium in experiments using cooled antiproton beams By M. Yu. Barabanov. Retardation effects in the rotating string model By Fabien Buisseret and Claude Semay. Final results from VEPP-2M (CMD-2 and SND) By G. V. Fedotovich. Heavy Quark Physics: Prospects for B physics measurements using the CMS detector at the LHC By Andreev Valery. Heavy flavour production at HERA-B By Andrey Bogatyrev. B-Meson subleading form factors in the Heavy Quark Effective Theory (HQET) By Frederic Jugeau. Beyond the Standard Model: Monopole Decay in a Variable External Field By Andrey Zayakin. Two-Loop matching coefficients for the strong coupling in the MSSM By Mihaila Luminita. Test of lepton flavour violation at LHC By Hidaka Keisho. Looking at New Physics through 4 jets and no ET By Maity Manas. Are Preons Dyons? Naturalness of Three Generations By Das Chitta Ranjan. SUSY Dark Matter at Linear Collider By Sezen Sekmen, Mehmet Zeyrek. MSSM light Higgs boson scenario and its test at hadron colliders By Alexander Belyaev. Antiscalar Approach to Gravity and Standard Model By E. Mychelkin. GRID distributed analysis in high energy physics: PAX