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Sample records for dysprosium 166

  1. Separation of carrier-free holmium-166 from neutron-irradiated dysprosium targets

    SciTech Connect

    Dadachova, E.; Lambrecht, R.M.; Hetherington, E.L. ); Mirzadeh, S.; Knapp, F.F. Jr. )

    1994-12-01

    Holmium-166 ([sup 166]Ho, t[sub 1/2] = 26.4 h) is utilized in radiotherapeutic applications such as radioimmunospecific pharmaceuticals, bone marrow ablation, and radiation synovectomy. High specific activity [sup 166]Ho can be obtained from the decay of dysprosium-166 ([sup 166]Dy, t[sub 1/2] = 81.5 h). Dysprosium-166 is produced by the [sup 164]Dy[n,[gamma

  2. Metals fact sheet - Dysprosium

    SciTech Connect

    1997-01-01

    The article contains a summary of factors pertinent to dysprosium use. Geology and exploitation, mineral sources, production processes, global production,applications, and the dysprosium market are reviewed. Applications very briefly described include use as a cooling agent in nuclear control rods, magnets, magnetostrictive devices, phosphors, photoelectric devices, and glass. Current and historical market prices are given.

  3. Tunable dysprosium laser.

    PubMed

    Majewski, Matthew R; Jackson, Stuart D

    2016-10-01

    We report the demonstration of a tunable dysprosium laser. The experiment employed in-band pumping of a Dy3+-doped fluoride fiber and a simple resonator design involving a ruled diffraction grating. The laser produced tuning between 2.95 and 3.35 μm, limited by the availability of optics.

  4. Magnetic relaxation in dysprosium-dysprosium collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Newman, Bonna K.; Johnson, Cort; Kleppner, Daniel; Greytak, Thomas J.; Brahms, Nathan; Au, Yat Shan; Connolly, Colin B.; Doyle, John M.

    2011-01-15

    The collisional magnetic reorientation rate constant g{sub R} is measured for magnetically trapped atomic dysprosium (Dy), an atom with large magnetic dipole moments. Using buffer gas cooling with cold helium, large numbers (>10{sup 11}) of Dy are loaded into a magnetic trap and the buffer gas is subsequently removed. The decay of the trapped sample is governed by collisional reorientation of the atomic magnetic moments. We find g{sub R}=1.9{+-}0.5x10{sup -11} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} at 390 mK. We also measure the magnetic reorientation rate constant of holmium (Ho), another highly magnetic atom, and find g{sub R}=5{+-}2x10{sup -12} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} at 690 mK. The Zeeman relaxation rates of these atoms are greater than expected for the magnetic dipole-dipole interaction, suggesting that another mechanism, such as an anisotropic electrostatic interaction, is responsible. Comparison with estimated elastic collision rates suggests that Dy is a poor candidate for evaporative cooling in a magnetic trap.

  5. Dysprosium magneto-optical traps

    SciTech Connect

    Youn, Seo Ho; Lu Mingwu; Ray, Ushnish; Lev, Benjamin L.

    2010-10-15

    Magneto-optical traps (MOTs) of highly magnetic lanthanides open the door to explorations of novel phases of strongly correlated matter such as lattice supersolids and quantum liquid crystals. We recently reported the first MOTs of the five high-abundance isotopes of the most magnetic atom, dysprosium. Described here are details of the experimental technique employed for repumper-free Dy MOTs containing up to half a billion atoms. Extensive characterization of the MOTs' properties--population, temperature, loading, metastable decay dynamics, and trap dynamics--is provided.

  6. Preparation and properties of dysprosium nanocapsules coated with boron, carbon, and dysprosium oxide

    SciTech Connect

    Si, P.Z.; Brueck, E.; Zhang, Z.D.; Skorvanek, I.; Kovac, J.; Zhang, M

    2004-06-08

    Boron-coated dysprosium/dysprosium oxide, carbon-coated dysprosium/DyC{sub 2}, and dysprosium oxide-coated dysprosium nanocapsules were prepared using an arc discharge method in diborane, methane, and argon, respectively. The magnetization of these nanocapsules has been measured at temperatures between 4 and 290 K, in applied fields up to 6 T. The transition temperature of nanocrystalline Dy from the helical phase to the ferromagnetic phase is much lower than that of bulk Dy. The linear temperature dependence of the inverse susceptibility of these nanocapsules, being a mixture of superparamagnetic Dy and paramagnetic dysprosium oxide or carbide, can be explained within the molecular field theory with magnetic moments with the total angular momentum J=15/2 and the Lande factor g=4/3. We discuss the relations between the structure and the magnetization of these nanocapsules.

  7. Atomic parity violation in ytterbium and dysprosium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antypas, Dionysios; Bougas, Lykourgos; Fabricant, Anne; Leefer, Nathan; Tsigutkin, Kostantin; Budker, Dmitry; D. Budker's research Group Team

    2016-09-01

    Atomic parity violation (APV) experiments offer the opportunity to study the weak interaction at low-energy scales, providing valuable information about the Standard Model and nuclear physics. Owing to their large atomic mass, rich energy-level structure (which results in enhanced weak-interaction-induced mixing of opposite-parity states) as well as the availability of many stable isotopes, ytterbium and dysprosium are particularly good candidates for investigating APV interactions. This brings within reach the possibility to detect nuclear anapole moments in these systems, as well as to probe the variation of neutron skin among the different isotopes of the ytterbium and dysprosium nuclei. We provide an overview of the field of APV and report on our group's experimental efforts in Mainz and in Berkeley on making precision measurements of parity violation in these two elements, having as our ultimate goal to probe neutron skin variation and anapole moments.

  8. Paramagnetic dysprosium oxide nanoparticles and dysprosium hydroxide nanorods as T₂ MRI contrast agents.

    PubMed

    Kattel, Krishna; Park, Ja Young; Xu, Wenlong; Kim, Han Gyeol; Lee, Eun Jung; Bony, Badrul Alam; Heo, Woo Choul; Jin, Seonguk; Baeck, Jong Su; Chang, Yongmin; Kim, Tae Jeong; Bae, Ji Eun; Chae, Kwon Seok; Lee, Gang Ho

    2012-04-01

    We report here paramagnetic dysprosium nanomaterial-based T(2) MRI contrast agents. A large r(2) and a negligible r(1) is an ideal condition for T(2) MR imaging. At this condition, protons are strongly and nearly exclusively induced for T(2) MR imaging. The dysprosium nanomaterials fairly satisfy this because they are found to possess a decent r(2) but a negligible r(1) arising from L + S state 4f-electrons in Dy(III) ion ((6)H(15/2)). Their r(2) will also further increase with increasing applied field because of unsaturated magnetization at room temperature. Therefore, MR imaging and various physical properties of the synthesized d-glucuronic acid coated ultrasmall dysprosium oxide nanoparticles (d(avg) = 3.2 nm) and dysprosium hydroxide nanorods (20 × 300 nm) are investigated. These include hydrodynamic diameters, magnetic properties, MR relaxivities, cytotoxicities, and 3 tesla in vivo T(2) MR images. Here, MR imaging properties of dysprosium hydroxide nanorods have not been reported so far. These two samples show r(2)s of 65.04 and 181.57 s(-1)mM(-1), respectively, with negligible r(1)s at 1.5 tesla and at room temperature, no in vitro cytotoxicity up to 100 μM Dy, and clear negative contrast enhancements in 3 tesla in vivo T(2) MR images of a mouse liver, which will be even more improved at higher MR fields. Therefore, d-glucuronic acid coated ultrasmall dysprosium oxide nanoparticles with renal excretion can be a potential candidate as a sensitive T(2) MRI contrast agent at MR field greater than 3 tesla.

  9. Dysprosium-induced nanowires on Ge(001)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lochner, M.; Bienert, R.; Kürpick, U.; Matzdorf, R.

    2015-07-01

    Dysprosium-induced, self-assembled nanowires on Ge(001) were studied by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and low energy electron diffraction (LEED). For this, submonolayers of dysprosium were deposited on Ge(001). After subsequent annealing, the surface shows a variety of structures as different kinds of wires with varying thickness, larger islands and surface defects like missing dimers and vacancy rows perpendicular to the Ge(001)-dimer rows. The structures are forming on all intact Ge(001)-terraces. In contrast to dysprosium on Si(001), on Ge(001) no wetting layer is found. In this work we focus on the thinnest nanowires, which have a width of four times the Ge(001)-lattice constant. STM topographies of the unoccupied states show a twofold superstructure on the wires. In contrast, topographies of the occupied states show that the structure of the wires is less regular. They exhibit elevations with distances, which are multiples higher than two of the Ge(001)-surface lattice constant. Density of states mapping reveals a cell structure of the nanowires. Possible explanations for this behaviour are discussed.

  10. Phenalenyl-based mononuclear dysprosium complexes

    PubMed Central

    Magri, Andrea; Fuhr, Olaf

    2016-01-01

    Summary The phenalenyl-based dysprosium complexes [Dy(PLN)2(HPLN)Cl(EtOH)] (1), [Dy(PLN)3(HPLN)]·[Dy(PLN)3(EtOH)]·2EtOH (2) and [Dy(PLN)3(H2O)2]·H2O (3), HPLN being 9-hydroxy-1H-phenalen-1-one, have been synthesized. All compounds were fully characterized by means of single crystal X-ray analysis, paramagnetic 1H NMR, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, UV–vis spectrophotometry and magnetic measurements. Both static (dc) and dynamic (ac) magnetic properties of these complexes have been investigated, showing slow relaxation of magnetization, indicative of single molecule magnet (SMM) behavior. Attempts to synthesize sublimable phenalenyl-based dysprosium complexes have been made by implementing a synthetic strategy under anhydrous conditions. The sublimed species were characterized and their thermal stability was confirmed. This opens up the possibility to deposit phenalenyl-based lanthanides complexes by sublimation onto surfaces, an important prerequisite for ongoing studies in molecular spintronics. PMID:27547617

  11. Phenalenyl-based mononuclear dysprosium complexes.

    PubMed

    Lan, Yanhua; Magri, Andrea; Fuhr, Olaf; Ruben, Mario

    2016-01-01

    The phenalenyl-based dysprosium complexes [Dy(PLN)2(HPLN)Cl(EtOH)] (1), [Dy(PLN)3(HPLN)]·[Dy(PLN)3(EtOH)]·2EtOH (2) and [Dy(PLN)3(H2O)2]·H2O (3), HPLN being 9-hydroxy-1H-phenalen-1-one, have been synthesized. All compounds were fully characterized by means of single crystal X-ray analysis, paramagnetic (1)H NMR, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, UV-vis spectrophotometry and magnetic measurements. Both static (dc) and dynamic (ac) magnetic properties of these complexes have been investigated, showing slow relaxation of magnetization, indicative of single molecule magnet (SMM) behavior. Attempts to synthesize sublimable phenalenyl-based dysprosium complexes have been made by implementing a synthetic strategy under anhydrous conditions. The sublimed species were characterized and their thermal stability was confirmed. This opens up the possibility to deposit phenalenyl-based lanthanides complexes by sublimation onto surfaces, an important prerequisite for ongoing studies in molecular spintronics.

  12. Dosimetry of in situ activated dysprosium microspheres.

    PubMed

    Adnani, N

    2004-03-07

    This paper presents the results of a study aimed at investigating the dosimetry of stable dysprosium microspheres activated, in situ, by a linac generated photon beam. In phantom measurements of the neutron flux within an 18 MV photon beam were performed using CR-39 detectors and gold activation. The results were used in conjunction with a Monte Carlo computer simulation to investigate the dose distribution resulting from the activation of dysprosium (Dy) microspheres using an 18 MV photon beam. Different depths, lesion volumes and volume concentrations of microspheres are investigated. The linac lower collimator jaws are assumed completely closed to shield the tumour volume from the photon dose. Using a single AP field with 0 x 0 cm2 field size (closed jaws), a photon dose rate of 600 MU min(-1) and 80 cm SSD for 10 min, an average dose exceeding 1 Gy can be delivered to spherical lesions of 0.5 cm and higher diameter. The variation of the average dose with the size of the lesion reaches saturation for tumour volumes exceeding 1 cm in diameter. This report shows that the photon beam of a high-energy linac can be used to activate Dy microspheres in situ and, as a result, deliver a significant dose of beta radiation. Non-radioactive Dy microspheres do not have the toxicity and imaging problems associated with commercially available yttrium-90 based products.

  13. Dysprosium oxide and dysprosium-oxide-doped titanium oxide thin films grown by atomic layer deposition

    SciTech Connect

    Tamm, Aile Kozlova, Jekaterina; Aarik, Lauri; Aarik, Jaan; Kukli, Kaupo; Link, Joosep; Stern, Raivo

    2015-01-15

    Dysprosium oxide and dysprosium-oxide-doped titanium oxide thin films were grown by atomic layer deposition on silicon substrates. For depositing dysprosium and titanium oxides Dy(thd){sub 3}-O{sub 3} and TiCl{sub 4}-O{sub 3} were used as precursors combinations. Appropriate parameters for Dy(thd){sub 3}-O{sub 3} growth process were obtained by using a quartz crystal microbalance system. The Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} films were deposited on planar substrates and on three-dimensional substrates with aspect ratio 1:20. The Dy/Ti ratio of Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped TiO{sub 2} films deposited on a planar silicon substrate ranged from 0.04 to 0.06. Magnetometry studies revealed that saturation of magnetization could not be observed in planar Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} films, but it was observable in Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} films on 3D substrates and in doped TiO{sub 2} films with a Dy/Ti atomic ratio of 0.06. The latter films exhibited saturation magnetization 10{sup −6} A cm{sup 2} and coercivity 11 kA/m at room temperature.

  14. Tetravalent dysprosium in a perovskite-type oxide.

    PubMed

    Han, Donglin; Uda, Tetsuya; Nose, Yoshitaro; Okajima, Toshihiro; Murata, Hidenobu; Tanaka, Isao; Shinoda, Kozo

    2012-04-17

    The existence of tetravalent dysprosium in perovskite-type oxide barium zirconate is confirmed in this work. This discovery will stimulate many researchers in diverse fields such as catalysts, solid state ionics, sensors, and fluorescent materials.

  15. Dynamic polarizabilities and magic wavelengths for dysprosium

    SciTech Connect

    Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V.; Lev, Benjamin L.

    2011-03-15

    We theoretically study dynamic scalar polarizabilities of the ground and select long-lived excited states of dysprosium, a highly magnetic atom recently laser cooled and trapped. We demonstrate that there is a set of magic wavelengths of the unpolarized lattice laser field for each pair of states, which includes the ground state and one of these excited states. At these wavelengths, the energy shift due to laser field is the same for both states, which can be useful for resolved sideband cooling on narrow transitions and precision spectroscopy. We present an analytical formula that, near resonances, allows for the determination of approximate values of the magic wavelengths without calculating the dynamic polarizabilities of the excited states.

  16. Narrow-line magneto-optical trap for dysprosium atoms.

    PubMed

    Maier, T; Kadau, H; Schmitt, M; Griesmaier, A; Pfau, T

    2014-06-01

    We present our technique to create a magneto-optical trap (MOT) for dysprosium atoms using the narrow-line cooling transition at 626 nm to achieve suitable conditions for direct loading into an optical dipole trap. The MOT is loaded from an atomic beam via a Zeeman slower using the strongest atomic transition at 421 nm. With this combination of two cooling transitions we can trap up to 2.0·10(8) atoms at temperatures down to 6 μK. This cooling approach is simpler than present work with ultracold dysprosium and provides similar starting conditions for a transfer to an optical dipole trap.

  17. Transverse laser cooling of a thermal atomic beam of dysprosium

    SciTech Connect

    Leefer, N.; Cingoez, A.; Gerber-Siff, B.; Sharma, Arijit; Torgerson, J. R.; Budker, D.

    2010-04-15

    A thermal atomic beam of dysprosium atoms is cooled using the 4f{sup 10}6s{sup 2}(J=8){yields}4f{sup 10}6s6p(J=9) transition at 421 nm. The cooling is done via a standing light wave orthogonal to the atomic beam. Efficient transverse cooling to the Doppler limit is demonstrated for all observable isotopes of dysprosium. Branching ratios to metastable states are demonstrated to be <5x10{sup -4}. A scheme for enhancement of the nonzero-nuclear-spin-isotope cooling and a method for direct identification of possible trap states are proposed.

  18. Discovery of dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, and ytterbium isotopes

    SciTech Connect

    Fry, C.; Thoennessen, M.

    2013-09-15

    Currently, thirty-one dysprosium, thirty-two holmium, thirty-two erbium, thirty-three thulium, and thirty-one ytterbium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  19. Selected-control synthesis of dysprosium hydroxide and oxide nanorods by adjusting hydrothermal temperature

    SciTech Connect

    Song Xuchun Zheng Yifan; Wang Yun

    2008-05-06

    Dysprosium hydroxide and oxide nanorods were prepared directly from commercial bulk Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystals by facile hydrothermal process at 130 and 210 deg. C, respectively. The as-synthesized dysprosium hydroxide and oxide nanorods were investigated by various techniques of XRD, TEM, SEM, and EDS. In the process, the temperature was found to play important roles in determining produce dysprosium hydroxide and oxide nanorods.

  20. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 166

    SciTech Connect

    Baglin, Coral M.

    2008-05-01

    Nuclear structure data pertaining to all known A = 166 nuclides (Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt) have been compiled and evaluated, and incorporated into the ENSDF data file. This evaluation for A = 166 supersedes the previous publication (E.N. Shurshikov and N.V. Timofeeva, Nuclear Data Sheets 67, 45 (1992) (literature cutoff date 1 October 1990)) and the revision by C.M. Baglin of {sup 166}W (literature cutoff data 16 April 2000). It includes literature available by 1 March 2008. Subsequent to the previous evaluation, {sup 166}Gd has been observed for the first time and the first observations of excited states in {sup 166}Tb, {sup 166}Re, {sup 166}Os and {sup 166}Ir have been reported: also, knowledge of collective structure in {sup 166}Dy. {sup 166}Ho, {sup 1676}Er, {sup 166}Tm, {sup 166}Yb, {sup 166}Lu, {sup 166}Hf, and {sup 166}Ta has been considerably expanded. However, the structure suggested here for {sup 166}Re is highly tentative and a further, more detailed study of {alpha} decay into (and out of) {sup 166}Re could be informative.

  1. Study of electronic structure and spin polarization of dysprosium

    SciTech Connect

    Mund, H. S.

    2015-06-24

    In this paper, I have presented the spin-dependent momentum density of ferromagnetic dysprosium using spin polarized relativistic Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method. A fully relativistic approach has been used to determine the magnetic Compton profile. The density of state in term of majority-spin and minority-spin of Dy also calculated using SPR-KKR. The magnetic Compton profile discussed in term of 4f and diffused electrons.

  2. Dysprosium titanate as an absorber material for control rods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Risovany, V. D.; Varlashova, E. E.; Suslov, D. N.

    2000-09-01

    Disprosium titanate is an attractive control rod material for the thermal neutron reactors. Its main advantages are: insignificant swelling, no out-gassing under neutron irradiation, rather high neutron efficiency, a high melting point (˜1870°C), non-interaction with the cladding at temperatures above 1000°C, simple fabrication and easily reprocessed non-radioactive waste. It can be used in control rods as pellets and powder. The disprosium titanate control rods have worked off in the MIR reactor for 17 years, in VVER-1000 - for 4 years without any operating problems. After post-irradiation examinations this type of control rod having high lifetime was recommended for the VVER and RBMK. The paper presents the examination results of absorber element dummies containing dysprosium titanate, irradiated in the SM reactor to the neutron fluence of 3.4×10 22 cm -2 ( E>0.1 MeV) and, also, the data on structure, thermal-physical properties of dysprosium titanate, efficiency of dysprosium titanate control rods.

  3. A study on the near-infrared luminescent properties of xerogel materials doped with dysprosium complexes.

    PubMed

    Feng, Jing; Zhou, Liang; Song, Shu-Yan; Li, Zhe-Feng; Fan, Wei-Qiang; Sun, Li-Ning; Yu, Ying-Ning; Zhang, Hong-Jie

    2009-09-07

    A series of dysprosium complex doped xerogels with the same first ligand (acac = acetylacetone) and different neutral ligands were synthesized in situ via a sol-gel process. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, diffuse reflectance (DR) spectra, and near-infrared (NIR) luminescent properties of dysprosium complexes and dysprosium complex doped xerogels are described in detail. The results reveal that the dysprosium complex is successfully synthesized in situ in the corresponding xerogel. Excitation at the maximum absorption wavelength of the ligands resulted in the characteristic NIR luminescence of the Dy3+ ion, which contributes to the energy transfer from the ligands to the central Dy3+ ion in both the dysprosium complexes and xerogels via an antenna effect. The NIR luminescent properties of the dysprosium complexes and xerogels were compared, respectively. The evidence showed that the neutral ligand triphenyl phosphine oxide (TPPO) could increase the emission intensity of the dysprosium complex while 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) gave the negative effect. In addition, the coordinated water molecules affect the emission intensity of the dysprosium complex doped xerogel without the neutral ligand.

  4. Magnetic structure of dysprosium in epitaxial Dy films and in Dy/Er superlattices

    SciTech Connect

    Dumesnil, K.; Dufour, C.; Mangin, P.; Marchal, G.; Hennion, M.

    1996-09-01

    We present a magnetization and neutron-diffraction study of the basal plane magnetic structure of Dy epitaxial films and Dy/Er superlattices. The thermal evolution of the magnetic phases, the stability of the helical phase under a magnetic field, the thermal variation of the dysprosium in-plane and {ital c} parameters, and of the dysprosium turn angle are successively shown. In Dy/Er superlattices, the dysprosium helix propagates coherently through paramagnetic erbium; at low temperature, individual dysprosium layers undergo a ferromagnetic transition and are coupled antiferromagnetically to each other for erbium layers thicknesses larger than 20 A. In dysprosium films, as expected from the epitaxy effect, the Curie temperature of dysprosium is reduced if dysprosium is grown on yttrium and increased if it is grown on erbium, whereas it is unexpectedly close to the bulk value in Dy/Er superlattices. This amazing value of the Curie temperature in superlattices is correlated to two main experimentally observed effects: (i) the magnetoelastic driving force is reduced compared to bulk dysprosium because of the clamped {gamma} distortion; (ii) the difference between the exchange energies in the helical and the ferromagnetic phases is increased compared to the bulk value. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  5. Dysprosium electrodeposition from a hexaalkylguanidinium-based ionic liquid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berger, Claudia A.; Arkhipova, Maria; Maas, Gerhard; Jacob, Timo

    2016-07-01

    The rare-earth element dysprosium (Dy) is an important additive that increases the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of neodymium magnets and additionally prevents from demagnetizing at high temperatures. Therefore, it is one of the most important elements for high-tech industries and is mainly used in permanent magnetic applications, for example in electric vehicles, industrial motors and direct-drive wind turbines. In an effort to develop a more efficient electrochemical technique for depositing Dy on Nd-magnets in contrast to commonly used costly physical vapor deposition, we investigated the electrochemical behavior of dysprosium(iii) trifluoromethanesulfonate in a custom-made guanidinium-based room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL). We first examined the electrodeposition of Dy on an Au(111) model electrode. The investigation was carried out by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The initial stages of metal deposition were followed by in situ scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). CV measurements revealed a large cathodic reduction peak, which corresponds to the growth of monoatomic high islands, based on STM images taken during the initial stages of deposition. XPS identified these deposited islands as dysprosium. A similar reduction peak was also observed on an Nd-Fe-B substrate, and positively identified as deposited Dy using XPS. Finally, we varied the concentration of the Dy precursor, electrolyte flow and temperature during Dy deposition and demonstrated that each of these parameters could be used to increase the thickness of the Dy deposit, suggesting that these parameters could be tuned simultaneously in a temperature-controlled flow cell to enhance the thickness of the Dy layer.The rare-earth element dysprosium (Dy) is an important additive that increases the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of neodymium magnets and additionally prevents from demagnetizing at high temperatures. Therefore, it is one of the most important

  6. Dysprosium electrodeposition from a hexaalkylguanidinium-based ionic liquid.

    PubMed

    Berger, Claudia A; Arkhipova, Maria; Maas, Gerhard; Jacob, Timo

    2016-08-07

    The rare-earth element dysprosium (Dy) is an important additive that increases the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of neodymium magnets and additionally prevents from demagnetizing at high temperatures. Therefore, it is one of the most important elements for high-tech industries and is mainly used in permanent magnetic applications, for example in electric vehicles, industrial motors and direct-drive wind turbines. In an effort to develop a more efficient electrochemical technique for depositing Dy on Nd-magnets in contrast to commonly used costly physical vapor deposition, we investigated the electrochemical behavior of dysprosium(iii) trifluoromethanesulfonate in a custom-made guanidinium-based room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL). We first examined the electrodeposition of Dy on an Au(111) model electrode. The investigation was carried out by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The initial stages of metal deposition were followed by in situ scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). CV measurements revealed a large cathodic reduction peak, which corresponds to the growth of monoatomic high islands, based on STM images taken during the initial stages of deposition. XPS identified these deposited islands as dysprosium. A similar reduction peak was also observed on an Nd-Fe-B substrate, and positively identified as deposited Dy using XPS. Finally, we varied the concentration of the Dy precursor, electrolyte flow and temperature during Dy deposition and demonstrated that each of these parameters could be used to increase the thickness of the Dy deposit, suggesting that these parameters could be tuned simultaneously in a temperature-controlled flow cell to enhance the thickness of the Dy layer.

  7. 33 CFR 166.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Purpose. 166.100 Section 166.100 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY SHIPPING SAFETY FAIRWAYS General § 166.100 Purpose. The purpose of these regulations is...

  8. 32 CFR 552.166 - Recreational use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Recreational use. 552.166 Section 552.166 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND... Training Center, and Camp Bonneville § 552.166 Recreational use. (a) Fort Lewis: (1) Individuals...

  9. 32 CFR 552.166 - Recreational use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Recreational use. 552.166 Section 552.166 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND... Training Center, and Camp Bonneville § 552.166 Recreational use. (a) Fort Lewis: (1) Individuals...

  10. 32 CFR 552.166 - Recreational use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Recreational use. 552.166 Section 552.166 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND... Training Center, and Camp Bonneville § 552.166 Recreational use. (a) Fort Lewis: (1) Individuals...

  11. 22 CFR 16.6 - Security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Security clearances. 16.6 Section 16.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL FOREIGN SERVICE GRIEVANCE SYSTEM § 16.6 Security clearances. The agencies shall use their best endeavors to expedite security clearances whenever necessary to ensure a...

  12. 22 CFR 16.6 - Security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Security clearances. 16.6 Section 16.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL FOREIGN SERVICE GRIEVANCE SYSTEM § 16.6 Security clearances. The agencies shall use their best endeavors to expedite security clearances whenever necessary to ensure a...

  13. 22 CFR 16.6 - Security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Security clearances. 16.6 Section 16.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL FOREIGN SERVICE GRIEVANCE SYSTEM § 16.6 Security clearances. The agencies shall use their best endeavors to expedite security clearances whenever necessary to ensure a...

  14. 22 CFR 16.6 - Security clearances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Security clearances. 16.6 Section 16.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL FOREIGN SERVICE GRIEVANCE SYSTEM § 16.6 Security clearances. The agencies shall use their best endeavors to expedite security clearances whenever necessary to ensure a...

  15. 7 CFR 1427.166 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Insurance. 1427.166 Section 1427.166 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COTTON Recourse Seed Cotton Loans § 1427.166 Insurance....

  16. 7 CFR 1427.166 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Insurance. 1427.166 Section 1427.166 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COTTON Recourse Seed Cotton Loans § 1427.166 Insurance....

  17. 7 CFR 1427.166 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Insurance. 1427.166 Section 1427.166 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COTTON Recourse Seed Cotton Loans § 1427.166 Insurance....

  18. 9 CFR 166.7 - Cooking standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cooking standards. 166.7 Section 166.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.7 Cooking standards. (a) Garbage...

  19. 9 CFR 166.7 - Cooking standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cooking standards. 166.7 Section 166.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.7 Cooking standards. (a) Garbage...

  20. 9 CFR 166.9 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Recordkeeping. 166.9 Section 166.9 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.9 Recordkeeping. (a) Each...

  1. 9 CFR 166.7 - Cooking standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cooking standards. 166.7 Section 166.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.7 Cooking standards. (a) Garbage...

  2. 9 CFR 166.7 - Cooking standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cooking standards. 166.7 Section 166.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.7 Cooking standards. (a) Garbage...

  3. 9 CFR 166.7 - Cooking standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cooking standards. 166.7 Section 166.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.7 Cooking standards. (a) Garbage...

  4. 9 CFR 166.9 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Recordkeeping. 166.9 Section 166.9 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.9 Recordkeeping. (a) Each...

  5. 9 CFR 166.9 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Recordkeeping. 166.9 Section 166.9 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.9 Recordkeeping. (a) Each...

  6. 9 CFR 166.9 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Recordkeeping. 166.9 Section 166.9 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.9 Recordkeeping. (a) Each...

  7. 9 CFR 166.13 - Licensee responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Licensee responsibilities. 166.13 Section 166.13 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.13...

  8. 9 CFR 166.13 - Licensee responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Licensee responsibilities. 166.13 Section 166.13 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.13...

  9. 9 CFR 166.13 - Licensee responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Licensee responsibilities. 166.13 Section 166.13 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.13...

  10. 9 CFR 166.9 - Recordkeeping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Recordkeeping. 166.9 Section 166.9 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.9 Recordkeeping. (a) Each...

  11. 7 CFR 1427.166 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Insurance. 1427.166 Section 1427.166 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COTTON Recourse Seed Cotton Loans § 1427.166 Insurance....

  12. 7 CFR 1427.166 - Insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Insurance. 1427.166 Section 1427.166 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COTTON Recourse Seed Cotton Loans § 1427.166 Insurance....

  13. Molecular factors that determine Curie spin relaxation in dysprosium complexes.

    PubMed

    Caravan, P; Greenfield, M T; Bulte, J W

    2001-11-01

    Dysprosium complexes can serve as transverse relaxation (T(2)) agents for water protons through chemical exchange and the Curie spin relaxation mechanism. Using a pair of matched dysprosium(III) complexes, Dy-L1 (contains one inner-sphere water) and Dy-L2 (no inner-sphere water), it is shown that the transverse relaxation of bulk water is predominantly an inner-sphere effect. The kinetics of water exchange at Dy-L1 were determined by (17)O NMR. Proton transverse relaxation by Dy-L1 at high fields is governed primarily through a large chemical shift difference between free and bound water. Dy-L1 forms a noncovalent adduct with human serum albumin which dramatically lengthens the rotational correlation time, tau(R), causing the dipole-dipole component of the Curie spin mechanism to become significant and transverse relaxivity to increase by 3-8 times that of the unbound chelate. These findings aid in the design of new molecular species as efficient r(2) agents.

  14. Two dysprosium-incorporated tungstoarsenates: synthesis, structures and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Li, Fengyan; Guo, Weihua; Xu, Lin; Ma, Lifang; Wang, Yuchao

    2012-08-14

    Two dysprosium-containing tungstoarsenates [C(NH(2))(3)](11)[Dy(2)(Hcit)(2)(AsW(10)O(38))]·9H(2)O (1) and K(8-n)H(3-n)[Dy(3-n)K(n)(H(2)O)(3)(CO(3))(A-α-AsW(9)O(34))(A-β-AsW(9)O(34))]·22H(2)O (n = 0 or 1) (2) have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analyses, thermogravimetric analyses and infrared spectroscopy. Compound 1 is a citrate-decorated Keggin type di-substituted Ln/POM derivative with the two non-adjacent substituted sites occupied. Compound 2 is composed of two different trivacant Keggin unit isomers [A-α-AsW(9)O(34)](9-) and [A-β-AsW(9)O(34)](9-), linked to each other via one {Dy(3-n)K(n)(H(2)O)(3)(CO(3))}((7 - 2n)+) (n = 0 or 1) unit, where CO(3)(2-) is encapsulated in the triangle plane, resulting in a stable dysprosium carbonate-containing sandwich-type polyoxoanion with D(2h) symmetry. The investigation on both static and dynamic magnetic properties of 1 and 2 show that the magnetic relaxation behavior of 2 appear in a static magnetic field of 5000 Oe, while 1 shows no positive out-of-phase ac susceptibility.

  15. Photoelectric and luminescent properties of dysprosium-doped silver chloride

    SciTech Connect

    Novikov, G. F. Rabenok, E. V.; Bocharov, K. V.; Lichkova, N. V.; Ovchinnikov, O. V.; Latyshev, A. N.

    2011-02-15

    The influence of dysprosium doping on the photoelectric and luminescent properties of AgCl crystals is studied by methods of microwave photoconductivity and photoluminescence. Doping affects both the loss kinetics of photogenerated electrons and luminescence spectra and parameters of photostimulated burst of luminescence. It is shown that the charged [Dy{sub Ag}{sup {center_dot}{center_dot}} {center_dot} V Prime {sub Ag}]{sup {center_dot}} or neutral [Dy{sub Ag}{sup {center_dot}{center_dot}} {center_dot} 2V Prime {sub Ag}]{sup x} complexes are responsible for a new luminescence band peaked at 470 nm, which manifests itself at weight concentrations of the doping additive >10{sup -6}%. The long-wavelength shoulder at 570 nm in the photoluminescence spectra is attributed to intracenter transitions in the Dy{sup 3+} ions. The rate constant of the reaction of electron capture into the traps forming upon introduction of the dopant, k{sub t} = (3-5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -8} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1}, is evaluated. It is assumed that the traps are Dy{sup 3+} dysprosium ions.

  16. Theoretical study of some experimentally relevant states of dysprosium

    SciTech Connect

    Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V.

    2010-05-15

    Configuration interaction method is used to calculate transition amplitudes and other properties of the low states of dysprosium which are used in cooling and in the study of the time variation of the fine structure constant and violation of fundamental symmetries. The branching ratio for the cooling state to decay to states other than ground states is found to be smaller than 10{sup -4}. The matrix element of the weak interaction between degenerate states at E=19797.96 cm{sup -1} is about 4 Hz which is consistent with the experimental limit |H{sub W}|=|2.3{+-}2.9(stat.){+-}0.7(syst.)| Hz [A. T. Nguyen, D. Budker, D. DeMille, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 56, 3453 (1997)] and points to feasibility of its experimental measurement. Applications include the search for physics beyond the standard model using the parity nonconservation (PNC) isotopic chain approach.

  17. Peptoid-ligated pentadecanuclear yttrium and dysprosium hydroxy clusters.

    PubMed

    Thielemann, Dominique T; Wagner, Anna T; Lan, Yanhua; Oña-Burgos, Pascual; Fernández, Ignacio; Rösch, Esther S; Kölmel, Dominik K; Powell, Annie K; Bräse, Stefan; Roesky, Peter W

    2015-02-09

    A new family of pentadecanuclear coordination cluster compounds (from now on simply referred to as clusters) [{Ln15 (OH)20 (PepCO2 )10 (DBM)10 Cl}Cl4 ] (PepCO2 =2-[{3-(((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)methyl)benzyl}amino]acetate, DBM=dibenzoylmethanide) with Ln=Y and Dy was obtained by using the cell-penetrating peptoid (CPPo) monomer PepCO2 H and dibenzoylmethane (DBMH) as supporting ligands. The combination of an inorganic cluster core with an organic cell-penetrating peptoid in the coordination sphere resulted in a core component {Ln15 (μ3 -OH)20 Cl}(24+) (Ln=Y, Dy), which consists of five vertex-sharing heterocubane {Ln4 (μ3 -OH)4 }(8+) units that assemble to give a pentagonal cyclic structure with one Cl atom located in the middle of the pentagon. The solid-state structures of both clusters were established by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. MS (ESI) experiments suggest that the cluster core is robust and maintained in solution. Pulsed gradient spin echo (PGSE) NMR diffusion measurements were carried out on the diamagnetic yttrium compound and confirmed the stability of the cluster in its dicationic form [{Y15 (μ3 -OH)20 (PepCO2 )10 (DBM)10 Cl}Cl2 ](2+) . The investigation of both static (dc) and dynamic (ac) magnetic properties in the dysprosium cluster revealed a slow relaxation of magnetization, indicative of single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior below 8 K. Furthermore, the χT product as a function of temperature for the dysprosium cluster gave evidence that this is a ferromagnetically coupled compound below 11 K.

  18. Butterfly-shaped pentanuclear dysprosium single-molecule magnets.

    PubMed

    Tian, Haiquan; Zhao, Lang; Lin, Haifeng; Tang, Jinkui; Li, Guangshe

    2013-09-23

    Two new "butterfly-shaped" pentanuclear dysprosium(III) clusters, [Dy5(μ3-OH)3(opch)6(H2O)3]⋅3 MeOH⋅9 H2O (1) and [Dy5(μ3-OH)3(Hopch)2(opch)4(MeOH)(H2O)2]⋅(ClO4)2⋅6 MeOH⋅4 H2O (2), which were based on the heterodonor-chelating ligand o-vanillin pyrazine acylhydrazone (H2opch), have been successfully synthesized by applying different reaction conditions. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the butterfly-shaped cores in both compounds were comparable. However, their magnetic properties were drastically different. Indeed, compound 1 showed dual slow-relaxation processes with a transition between them that corresponded to energy gaps (Δ) of 8.1 and 37.9 K and pre-exponential factors (τ0) of 1.7×10(-5) and 9.7×10(-8)  s for the low- and high-temperature domains, respectively, whilst only a single relaxation process was noted for compound 2 (Δ = 197 K, τ0 = 3.2×10(-9)  s). These significant disparities are most likely due to the versatile coordination of the H2opch ligands with particular keto-enol tautomerism, which alters the strength of the local crystal field and, hence, the nature or direction of the easy axes of anisotropic dysprosium ions.

  19. A nine-coordinated dysprosium(III) compound with an oxalate-bridged dysprosium(III) layer exhibiting two slow magnetic relaxation processes.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Sheng; Ke, Hongshan; Liu, Xiangyu; Wei, Qing; Xie, Gang; Chen, Sanping

    2015-10-21

    A 2D oxalate-bridged dysprosium(III) compound, formulated as [Dy(C2O4)1.5(H2O)3]n·2nH2O (1), has been hydrothermally isolated. As for compound 1, structural analysis reveals that the nine-coordinated Dy(III) ions reside in a slightly distorted tricapped trigonal prism. Under an applied magnetic field of 700 Oe, the compound was magnetically characterized as a new example that two slow relaxations of the magnetization processes can be observed in a 2D oxalate-bridged dysprosium(III) layer.

  20. Direct measurement of dysprosium(III)···dysprosium(III) interactions in a single-molecule magnet.

    PubMed

    Moreno Pineda, Eufemio; Chilton, Nicholas F; Marx, Raphael; Dörfel, María; Sells, Daniel O; Neugebauer, Petr; Jiang, Shang-Da; Collison, David; van Slageren, Joris; McInnes, Eric J L; Winpenny, Richard E P

    2014-10-13

    Lanthanide compounds show much higher energy barriers to magnetic relaxation than 3d-block compounds, and this has led to speculation that they could be used in molecular spintronic devices. Prototype molecular spin valves and molecular transistors have been reported, with remarkable experiments showing the influence of nuclear hyperfine coupling on transport properties. Modelling magnetic data measured on lanthanides is always complicated due to the strong spin-orbit coupling and subtle crystal field effects observed for the 4f-ions; this problem becomes still more challenging when interactions between lanthanide ions are also important. Such interactions have been shown to hinder and enhance magnetic relaxation in different examples, hence understanding their nature is vital. Here we are able to measure directly the interaction between two dysprosium(III) ions through multi-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and other techniques, and explain how this influences the dynamic magnetic behaviour of the system.

  1. 40 CFR 721.9511 - Silicic acid (H6SiO2O7), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. 721.9511 Section 721.9511 Protection of Environment...), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (a) Chemical substance and significant new..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (PMN P-98-848; CAS No.181828-07-9) is subject...

  2. 40 CFR 721.9511 - Silicic acid (H6SiO2O7), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. 721.9511 Section 721.9511 Protection of Environment...), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (a) Chemical substance and significant new..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (PMN P-98-848; CAS No.181828-07-9) is subject...

  3. 40 CFR 721.9511 - Silicic acid (H6SiO2O7), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. 721.9511 Section 721.9511 Protection of Environment...), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (a) Chemical substance and significant new..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (PMN P-98-848; CAS No.181828-07-9) is subject...

  4. 40 CFR 721.9511 - Silicic acid (H6SiO2O7), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. 721.9511 Section 721.9511 Protection of Environment...), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (a) Chemical substance and significant new..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (PMN P-98-848; CAS No.181828-07-9) is subject...

  5. 40 CFR 721.9511 - Silicic acid (H6SiO2O7), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. 721.9511 Section 721.9511 Protection of Environment...), magnesium, strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (a) Chemical substance and significant new..., strontium salt(1:1:2), dysprosium and europium-doped. (PMN P-98-848; CAS No.181828-07-9) is subject...

  6. 21 CFR 211.166 - Stability testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Stability testing. 211.166 Section 211.166 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Laboratory Controls §...

  7. 21 CFR 211.166 - Stability testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Stability testing. 211.166 Section 211.166 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Laboratory Controls §...

  8. 21 CFR 211.166 - Stability testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Stability testing. 211.166 Section 211.166 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Laboratory Controls §...

  9. 21 CFR 211.166 - Stability testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Stability testing. 211.166 Section 211.166 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Laboratory Controls §...

  10. 21 CFR 211.166 - Stability testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Stability testing. 211.166 Section 211.166 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Laboratory Controls §...

  11. 9 CFR 381.166 - Breaded products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Breaded products. 381.166 Section 381.166 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION REGULATIONS Definitions and Standards of Identity or Composition §...

  12. 40 CFR 49.166 - Program overview.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Source Review Program for Nonattainment Areas in Indian Country § 49.166 Program overview. (a) What constitutes the Federal major new source review (NSR) program for nonattainment areas in Indian country? As... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Program overview. 49.166 Section...

  13. 33 CFR 157.166 - Hydrocarbon emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hydrocarbon emissions. 157.166... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.166 Hydrocarbon emissions. If the... ballasted in that port the hydrocarbon vapors in each tank are contained by a means under § 157.132....

  14. 33 CFR 157.166 - Hydrocarbon emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hydrocarbon emissions. 157.166... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.166 Hydrocarbon emissions. If the... ballasted in that port the hydrocarbon vapors in each tank are contained by a means under § 157.132....

  15. 33 CFR 157.166 - Hydrocarbon emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hydrocarbon emissions. 157.166... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.166 Hydrocarbon emissions. If the... ballasted in that port the hydrocarbon vapors in each tank are contained by a means under § 157.132....

  16. 33 CFR 157.166 - Hydrocarbon emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hydrocarbon emissions. 157.166... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.166 Hydrocarbon emissions. If the... ballasted in that port the hydrocarbon vapors in each tank are contained by a means under § 157.132....

  17. 33 CFR 157.166 - Hydrocarbon emissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hydrocarbon emissions. 157.166... Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow Operations § 157.166 Hydrocarbon emissions. If the... ballasted in that port the hydrocarbon vapors in each tank are contained by a means under § 157.132....

  18. 40 CFR 166.40 - Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Authorization. 166.40 Section 166.40 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL... unpredictable emergency condition exists; (b) The time element with respect to the application of the...

  19. 17 CFR 166.4 - Branch offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Branch offices. 166.4 Section... RULES § 166.4 Branch offices. Each branch office of each Commission registrant must use the name of the.... The act, omission or failure of any person acting for the branch office, within the scope of...

  20. 17 CFR 166.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Definitions. 166.1 Section 166.1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION CUSTOMER PROTECTION RULES... prospective client or subscriber of a commodity trading advisor or existing or prospective participant in...

  1. 17 CFR 166.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Definitions. 166.1 Section 166.1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION CUSTOMER PROTECTION RULES... prospective client or subscriber of a commodity trading advisor or existing or prospective participant in...

  2. Anomalous Elastic Behavior in hcp- and Sm-Type Dysprosium

    SciTech Connect

    Tschauner, Oliver; Grubor-Urosevic, Ognjen; Dera, Przemyslaw; Mulcahy, Sean R.

    2012-04-11

    The compression behavior of elemental dysprosium in the hcp- and the Sm-type phases has been examined under hydrostatic pressure. Sm-type Dy has been found about 1% denser than the hcp phase. This increase in density is due to c-axis contraction in Sm-type Dy, whereas the a-axis even expands compared with the hcp-phase. Both the hcp- and the Sm-type phases show an inversion in the pressure derivative of the c/a ratio. For hcp-Dy this inversion is very sharp with minimal c/a at 2.5 GPa. At the same pressure, the compression behavior of hcp-Dy changes abruptly from dominantly c-axis compression to almost isotropic compression with slightly softer S{sub 11}. The bulk modulus increases at this point by a factor of {approx}2. Both hcp- and Sm-type Dy exhibit a crossover from highly anisotropic compression mostly along the c-axis to almost isotropic compression. We discuss these anomalies with respect to a possible Lifshitz transition and structural soft modes.

  3. Dysprosium detector for neutron dosimetry in external beam radiotherapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ostinelli, A.; Berlusconi, C.; Conti, V.; Duchini, M.; Gelosa, S.; Guallini, F.; Vallazza, E.; Prest, M.

    2014-09-01

    Radiotherapy treatments with high-energy (>8 MeV) photon beams are a standard procedure in clinical practice, given the skin and near-target volumes sparing effect, the accurate penetration and the uniform spatial dose distribution. On the other hand, despite these advantages, neutrons may be produced via the photo-nuclear (γ,n) reactions of the high-energy photons with the high-Z materials in the accelerator head, in the treatment room and in the patient, resulting in an unwanted dose contribution which is of concern, given its potential to induce secondary cancers, and which has to be monitored. This work presents the design and the test of a portable Dysprosium dosimeter to be used during clinical treatments to estimate the "in vivo" dose to the patient. The dosimeter has been characterized and validated with tissue-equivalent phantom studies with a Varian Clinical iX 18 MV photon beam, before using it with a group of patients treated at the S. Anna Hospital in Como. The working principle of the dosimeter together with the readout chain and the results in terms of delivered dose are presented.

  4. Structures and magnetic properties of dysprosium complexes: the effect of crystallization temperature.

    PubMed

    Guo, Mei; Wang, Yue; Wu, Jianfeng; Zhao, Lang; Tang, Jinkui

    2017-01-03

    Two new dysprosium complexes, [Dy(H5L)(NO3)2(CH3OH)2]·4CH3OH (1) and [Dy2(H5L)2(NO3)4(H2O)2]·10CH3OH (2), were isolated from the reaction of a novel 1,8-naphthalenediol-based ligand N,N'-((1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-2,7-diyl)bis(methanylylidene))bis(2-hydroxybenzohydrazide), H6L with dysprosium(iii) nitrate upon crystallization at different temperatures. Because of a low-symmetrical coordination environment, both complexes display only field-induced single molecular magnetic (SMM) behavior. Interestingly, complex 2 containing two dysprosium ions shows field-induced multiple relaxation processes, whereas only one relaxation process is observed for complex 1. The remarkably different behavior observed in 2 is mainly ascribed to the weak intra- or intermolecular interactions between the two Dy(III) centres in this complex.

  5. An electrostatic model for the determination of magnetic anisotropy in dysprosium complexes.

    PubMed

    Chilton, Nicholas F; Collison, David; McInnes, Eric J L; Winpenny, Richard E P; Soncini, Alessandro

    2013-01-01

    Understanding the anisotropic electronic structure of lanthanide complexes is important in areas as diverse as magnetic resonance imaging, luminescent cell labelling and quantum computing. Here we present an intuitive strategy based on a simple electrostatic method, capable of predicting the magnetic anisotropy of dysprosium(III) complexes, even in low symmetry. The strategy relies only on knowing the X-ray structure of the complex and the well-established observation that, in the absence of high symmetry, the ground state of dysprosium(III) is a doublet quantized along the anisotropy axis with an angular momentum quantum number mJ=±(15)/2. The magnetic anisotropy axis of 14 low-symmetry monometallic dysprosium(III) complexes computed via high-level ab initio calculations are very well reproduced by our electrostatic model. Furthermore, we show that the magnetic anisotropy is equally well predicted in a selection of low-symmetry polymetallic complexes.

  6. Magnetophoretic velocity of microorganic droplets adsorbed by dysprosium(III) laurate in water.

    PubMed

    Suwa, Masayori; Watarai, Hitoshi

    2003-09-26

    By using an improved apparatus for the observation of magnetophoresis, the magnetophoretic velocity of 2-fluorotoluene droplets including lauric acid was measured in aqueous dysprosium(III) solution. The magnetophoretic velocity of pure 2-fluorotoluene droplets was proportional to the square of the radius. On the other hand, the velocity of the organic droplets including lauric acid in the dysprosium(III) solution showed a deviation from the square radius relationship, more remarkably in smaller droplets than 2 microm in radius. These results indicated that the dysprosium(III)-laurate complex was formed at the liquid-liquid interface. This study is the first report on the detection of the interfacial complex by the magnetophoresis of the microdroplet.

  7. A Low-Symmetry Dysprosium Metallocene Single-Molecule Magnet with a High Anisotropy Barrier.

    PubMed

    Pugh, Thomas; Chilton, Nicholas F; Layfield, Richard A

    2016-09-05

    The single-molecule magnet (SMM) properties of the isocarbonyl-ligated dysprosium metallocene [Cp*2 Dy{μ-(OC)2 FeCp}]2 (1Dy ), which contains a rhombus-shaped Dy2 Fe2 core, are described. Combining a strong axial [Cp*](-) ligand field with a weak equatorial field consisting of the isocarbonyl ligands leads to an anisotropy barrier of 662 cm(-1) in zero applied field. The dominant thermal relaxation pathways in 1Dy involves at least the fourth-excited Kramers doublet, thus demonstrating that prominent SMM behavior can be observed for dysprosium in low-symmetry environments.

  8. 37 CFR 1.166 - Specimens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMERCE GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES National Processing Provisions Plant Patents § 1.166... quantity and at a time in its stage of growth as may be designated, for study and inspection....

  9. 37 CFR 1.166 - Specimens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... COMMERCE GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES National Processing Provisions Plant Patents § 1.166... quantity and at a time in its stage of growth as may be designated, for study and inspection....

  10. Exploration of dysprosium: the most critical element for Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watanabe, Y.

    2012-04-01

    Dysprosium (Dy), one of the heavy rare earth elements, is used mainly as an additive for NdFeB permanent magnets which are installed in various modern industrial products such as voice coil motors in computers, factory automation machinery, hybrid and electric vehicles, home electronics, and wind turbine, to improve heat resistance of the magnets. Dy has been produced about 2,000t per year from the ores from ion adsorption type deposits in southern China. However, the produced amount of Dy was significantly reduced in 2011 in China due to reservation of heavy rare earth resources and protection of natural environment, resulting in soaring of Dy price in the world. In order to respond the increasing demand of Dy, unconventional supply sources are inevitably developed, in addition to heavy rare earth enriched ion adsorption type deposits outside China. Heavy rare earth elements including Dy are dominantly hosted in xenotime, fergusonite, zircon, eudialyte, keiviite, kainosite, iimoriite, etc. Concentration of xenotime is found in placer deposits in Malaysia and India, hydrothermal deposits associated with unconformity-type uranium mineralization (Athabasca basin in Canada, Western Australia), iron-oxide fluorite mineralization (South Africa) and Sn-bearing alkaline granite (Brazil). Zircon and fergusontie concentration is found as igneous and hydrothermal products in peralkaline syenite, alkaline granite and pegmatite (e.g., Nechalacho in Canada). Eudialyte concentration is found in some peralkaline syenite bodies in Greenland, Canada, Sweden and Russia. Among these sources, large Dy resources are estimated in the deposits hosted in peralkaline rocks (Nechalacho: 79,000t, Kvanefjeld: 49,000t, Norra Karr: 15,700t, etc.) compared to the present demand of Dy. Thus, Dy will be supplied from the deposits associated with peralkaline and alkaline deposits in future instead of ion adsorption type deposits in southern China.

  11. Magnetic frustration in a hexaazatrinaphthylene-bridged trimetallic dysprosium single-molecule magnet.

    PubMed

    Grindell, Richard; Vieru, Veacheslav; Pugh, Thomas; Chibotaru, Liviu F; Layfield, Richard A

    2016-10-25

    The synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of the HAN-bridged tri-dysprosium complex [{(thd)3Dy}3HAN] (1) are described. The complex is an SMM that shows two relaxation processes owing to the presence of two geometrically distinct Dy(3+) sites in 1. Ab initio calculations reveal that the magnetic ground state of 1 is characterized by magnetic frustration.

  12. Dysprosium-bearing red cells as potential transverse relaxation agents for MRI.

    PubMed

    Johnson, K M; Tao, J Z; Kennan, R P; Gore, J C

    2001-05-01

    The cytosol of intact human red blood cells was loaded with 28.1 +/- 3.4 mM of dysprosium DTPA-BMA using a hypoosmotic technique. When loaded cells were diluted with saline and control cells to give an average dysprosium concentration of 3.3 +/- 0.5 mM, the transverse relaxation rate constants R(*)(2) and R(2) increased. R(*)(2) increased from 7.5 +/- 0.9 sec(-1) to 356 +/- 50 sec(-1), and R(2) increased from 7.4 +/- 0.7 sec(-1) to 148 +/- 40 sec(-1). After lysing, R(*)(2) was 6.0 +/- 0.6 sec(-1) in the control and 13.4 +/- 1.5 sec(-1) in the mixture; R(2) was 6.4 +/- 1.1 sec(-1) and 9.8 +/- 2.4 sec(-1), respectively. Thus, the relaxivity effects were enhanced by sequestration of the dysprosium within intact red cells, and this effect was lost after lysis. At a circulating whole-blood concentration of 0.81 +/- 0.15 mM in rats, the liver signal intensity dropped 29.9% +/- 3.7% and kidney signal intensity dropped 19.4% +/- 8.7%. Dysprosium-loaded cells might be useful in the study of perfusion and tissue blood volume.

  13. Sandwich-type tetrakis(phthalocyaninato) dysprosium-cadmium quadruple-decker SMM.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hailong; Qian, Kang; Wang, Kang; Bian, Yongzhong; Jiang, Jianzhuang; Gao, Song

    2011-09-14

    Homoleptic tetrakis[2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octa(butyloxy)phthalocyaninato] dysprosium-cadmium quadruple-decker complex 1 was isolated in relatively good yield of 43% from a simple one-pot reaction. This compound represents the first sandwich-type tetrakis(phthalocyaninato) rare earth-cadmium quadruple-decker SMM that has been structurally characterized.

  14. Systematic study on surface and magnetostructural changes in Mn-substituted dysprosium ferrite by hydrothermal method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rekha, G.; Tholkappiyan, R.; Vishista, K.; Hamed, Fathalla

    2016-11-01

    Dysprosium iron garnets are of scientific importance because of the wide range of magnetic properties that can be obtained in substituting dysprosium by a rare earth metal. In the present work, the effect of Mn substitution on magnetostructural changes in dysprosium ferrite nanoparticles is studied. Highly crystalline pure and Mn doped dysprosium ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal method. The samples were calcined at 1100 °C for 2 h in air atmosphere which is followed by characterization using XRD, FT-IR analysis, SEM, XPS and VSM. The average crystallite size of synthesized samples were calculated by X-ray diffraction falls in the range of 88.4-86.8 nm and was found to be in cubic garnet structure. For further investigation of the structure and corresponding changes in the tetrahedral and octahedral stretching vibrational bonds, FT-IR was used. The synthesized samples consist of multiple oxidation (Fe3+ and Fe2+) states for Fe ions and (Mn3+ and Mn2+) Mn ions analyzed in three ways of Fe 2p and Mn 2p spectra from the XPS analysis. With respect to Mn dopant in Dy3Fe5O12, the cationic distributions of elements were discussed from high resolution XPS spectra by peak position and shift, area, width. To find out the porous/void surface morphology of the sample, scanning electron microscopy was used. From XPS analysis, the presence of elements (Dy, Mn, Fe and O) and their composition in the prepared samples were confirmed. Further, the role of dopant on the magnetic properties of the dysprosium ferrite nanoparticles was also observed from VSM which shows the ferromagnetic behavior. It was concluded that the magnetic properties of synthesized nanoparticles mainly depended on the oxidation state of elements, cationic distribution and crystallinity.

  15. Synthesis, structural characterization and in vitro testing of dysprosium containing silica particles as potential MRI contrast enhancing agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiriac, L. B.; Trandafir, D. L.; Turcu, R. V. F.; Todea, M.; Simon, S.

    2016-11-01

    The work is focused on synthesis and structural characterization of novel dysprosium-doped silica particles which could be considered as MRI contrast agents. Sol-gel derived silica rich particles obtained via freeze-drying and spray-drying processing methods were structurally characterized by XRD, 29Si MAS-NMR and XPS methods. The occurrence of dysprosium on the outermost layer of dysprosium containing silica particles was investigated by XPS analysis. The MRI contrast agent characteristics have been tested using RARE-T1 and RARE-T2 protocols. The contrast of MRI images delivered by the investigated samples was correlated with their local structure. Dysprosium disposal on microparticles with surface structure characterised by decreased connectivity of the silicate network units favours dark T2-weighted MRI contrast properties.

  16. Slow magnetic relaxation in a hydrogen-bonded 2D array of mononuclear dysprosium(III) oxamates.

    PubMed

    Fortea-Pérez, Francisco R; Vallejo, Julia; Julve, Miguel; Lloret, Francesc; De Munno, Giovanni; Armentano, Donatella; Pardo, Emilio

    2013-05-06

    The reaction of N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)oxamic acid with dysprosium(III) ions in a controlled basic media afforded the first example of a mononuclear lanthanide oxamate complex exhibiting a field-induced slow magnetic relaxation behavior typical of single-ion magnets (SIMs). The hydrogen-bond-mediated self-assembly of this new bifunctional dysprosium(III) SIM in the solid state provides a unique example of 2D hydrogen-bonded polymer with a herringbone net topology.

  17. 40 CFR 166.40 - Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Crisis Exemptions § 166.40... issue a crisis exemption in situations involving an unpredictable emergency situation when: (a) An... health exemption or, if such a request has been submitted, for EPA to complete review of the request;...

  18. 34 CFR 668.166 - Excess cash.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS Cash Management § 668.166 Excess cash. (a... than Federal Perkins Loan Program funds, that an institution does not disburse to students or parents... funds that an institution receives from the Secretary under the just-in-time payment method. (b)...

  19. 40 CFR 166.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS General Provisions § 166.3... means an urgent, non-routine situation that requires the use of a pesticide(s) and shall be deemed...

  20. 40 CFR 166.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS General Provisions § 166.3... means an urgent, non-routine situation that requires the use of a pesticide(s) and shall be deemed...

  1. 40 CFR 166.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS General Provisions § 166.3... means an urgent, non-routine situation that requires the use of a pesticide(s) and shall be deemed...

  2. 40 CFR 166.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS General Provisions § 166.3... means an urgent, non-routine situation that requires the use of a pesticide(s) and shall be deemed...

  3. 40 CFR 166.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS General Provisions § 166.3... means an urgent, non-routine situation that requires the use of a pesticide(s) and shall be deemed...

  4. 36 CFR 13.166 - Temporary facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Temporary facilities. 13.166... facilities. A temporary facility or structure directly and necessarily related to the taking of subsistence... facilities which shall be published annually in accordance with § 1.7 of this chapter....

  5. 32 CFR 552.166 - Recreational use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Land Use Policy for Fort Lewis, Yakima Training Center, and Camp Bonneville § 552.166 Recreational use. (a) Fort Lewis: (1) Individuals or... directly to the I Corps Public Affairs Office (PAO). (b) Yakima Training Center: Access to the...

  6. 32 CFR 552.166 - Recreational use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Land Use Policy for Fort Lewis, Yakima Training Center, and Camp Bonneville § 552.166 Recreational use. (a) Fort Lewis: (1) Individuals or... directly to the I Corps Public Affairs Office (PAO). (b) Yakima Training Center: Access to the...

  7. 9 CFR 166.10 - Licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.10 Licensing. (a) Application. Any... swine shall apply for a license on a form which will be furnished, upon request, by the...

  8. 9 CFR 166.10 - Licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.10 Licensing. (a) Application. Any... swine shall apply for a license on a form which will be furnished, upon request, by the...

  9. 9 CFR 166.15 - State status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.15 State status. (a) The following States prohibit the feeding of garbage to swine: Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois,...

  10. 9 CFR 166.10 - Licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.10 Licensing. (a) Application. Any... swine shall apply for a license on a form which will be furnished, upon request, by the...

  11. 9 CFR 166.10 - Licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.10 Licensing. (a) Application. Any... swine shall apply for a license on a form which will be furnished, upon request, by the...

  12. 9 CFR 166.10 - Licensing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.10 Licensing. (a) Application. Any... swine shall apply for a license on a form which will be furnished, upon request, by the...

  13. Determination of dysprosium by resonance light scattering technique in the presence of BPMPHD.

    PubMed

    Sun, Shuna; Wu, Xia; Yang, Jinghe; Li, Lei; Wang, Yuebo

    2004-01-01

    Dysprosium has been determined by resonance light scattering (RLS) method in the presence of 1,6-bi(1'-phenyl-3'-methyl-5'-pyrazolone-4'-)hexanedione (BPMPHD) at pH 5.5. The Dy-BPMPHD system has three characteristic peaks at 358, 399 and 450 nm, especially the peak at 358 nm, which is proportional to the concentration of Dy(3+) in the range of 1.0 x 10(-10)-1.0 x 10(-5) mol l(-1). The detection limit (S/N=2) is 5.6 x 10(-12) mol l(-1). Synthetic samples are determined satisfactorily. A new sensitive method for detection of dysprosium has been proposed.

  14. Technique for direct measurement of magnetic entropy of solids: Results for dysprosium titanium oxide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flood, D. J.

    1974-01-01

    A measurement technique was devised which permits direct observation of the magnetic entropy of solids as a function of applied magnetic field. Measurements were made of the magnetic entropy, in the temperature range 2 to 20 K, of polycrystalline samples of dysprosium titanium oxide (Dy2Ti2O7) to determine its suitability for use as the working substance of a magnetic refrigerator. Magnetization measurements were also made at 4.2 K and below to provide additional information on the nature of the compound. The measurements indicated that crystalline electric fields perturbed the ground state of the dysprosium ions, removed the 16-fold degeneracy predicted by Hund's rules, and left only a twofold degeneracy in its place. A positive, temperature independent contribution to the magnetization was observed in the saturation region, which indicated that the doublet ground-state wave function was perturbed by a nearby unpopulated upper energy level.

  15. Effect of Yttrium doping on structural and magnetic properties of Dysprosium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jena, Rudra Prasad; Baidya, Arunmay; Lakhani, Archana

    2016-11-01

    A comparative structural and magneto transport study has been performed on the Dysprosium (Dy) and Yttrium (Y) doped Dysprosium (Dy-Y) alloys in order to study the effect of Y concentration, temperature and magnetic field on the magnetic states and transitions of Dy-Y alloys. The magnetic state of Dy and Dy-Y alloys having lower Y substitutions change from Paramagnetic (PM) to Helimagnetic (HM) state via second order phase transition and from Helimagnetic state to Ferromagnetic (FM) state via first order phase transition. Small change in lattice parameters, strain and micro-strain is observed with X-ray diffraction on replacement with Y ions. Neel temperature and Curie temperature both show a decreasing trend on diluting Dy with non-magnetic Y in small concentrations. PM to HM and HM to FM transitions in the lower substitutional alloys discussed in this manuscript show a direct transition from PM to FM state at fields above 1.5 T.

  16. Selective recognition of dysprosium(III) ions by enhanced chemiluminescence CdSe quantum dots.

    PubMed

    Hosseini, Morteza; Ganjali, Mohammad R; Vaezi, Zahra; Faridbod, Farnoush; Arabsorkhi, Batool; Sheikhha, Mohammad H

    2014-01-01

    The intensity of emitted light from CdSe quantum dots (QDs)-H2O2 is described as a novel chemiluminescence (CL) reaction for determination of dysprosium. This reaction is based on the catalytic effect of Dy(3+) ions, causing a significant increase in the light emission, as a result of the reaction of quantum dots (QDs) with hydrogen peroxide. In the optimum conditions, this method was satisfactorily described by linear calibration curve in the range of 8.3×10(-7)-5.0×10(-6)M, the detection limit of 6.0×10(-8)M, and the relative standard deviation for five determinations of 2.5×10(-6)M Dy(3+) 3.2%. The main experimental advantage of the proposed method is its selective to Dy(3+) ions compared with common coexisting cations, therefore, it was successfully applied for the determination of dysprosium ions in water samples.

  17. Repeat radiation synovectomy with dysprosium 165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates in rheumatoid knees unresponsive to initial injection

    SciTech Connect

    Vella, M.; Zuckerman, J.D.; Shortkroff, S.; Venkatesan, P.; Sledge, C.B.

    1988-06-01

    Because of failure to fully respond to an initial intraarticular injection of dysprosium 165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates, 17 patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis underwent repeat radiation synovectomy using this agent. Of the 13 patients who were evaluated 1 year later, 54% (7 knees) had good results, 31% (4 knees) had fair results, and 15% (2 knees) had poor results. The initial lack of significant benefit from radiation synovectomy did not appear to preclude a favorable response to a second injection.

  18. A unique dysprosium selenoarsenate(iii) exhibiting a photocurrent response and slow magnetic relaxation behavior.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Jian; Zou, Hua-Hong; Zhao, Rongqing; Xiao, Hong; Ding, Qingran

    2017-01-03

    A redox, substitution and self-assembly reaction offers a novel dysprosium selenoarsenate(iii) with As(3+) [Dy2(tepa)2(μ2-OH)2Cl2]3[As3Se6]2 (1, tepa = tetraethylenepentamine), which provides the first example of chair conformation ring [As3Se6](3-) combined with lanthanide complexes as counterions. 1 exhibits a photocurrent response and slow magnetic relaxation behavior.

  19. {Delta}I = 2 energy staggering in normal deformed dysprosium nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Riley, M.A.; Brown, T.B.; Archer, D.E.

    1996-12-31

    Very high spin states (I{ge}50{Dirac_h}) have been observed in {sup 155,156,157}Dy. The long regular band sequences, free from sharp backbending effects, observed in these dysprosium nuclei offer the possibility of investigating the occurence of any {Delta}I = 2 staggering in normal deformed nuclei. Employing the same analysis techniques as used in superdeformed nuclei, certain bands do indeed demonstrate an apparent staggering and this is discussed.

  20. Analysis of the x-ray spectrum emitted by laser-produced plasma of dysprosium

    SciTech Connect

    Marcus, Gilad; Louzon, Einat; Henis, Zohar; Maman, Shlomo; Mandelbaum, Pinchas

    2007-05-15

    A detailed analysis of the x-ray spectrum (5-10.2 A ring ) emitted by laser-produced plasma of dysprosium (Dy) is given using ab initio calculations with the HULLAC relativistic code and isoelectronic trends. Resonance 3d-4p, 3d-nf (n=4 to 7), 3p-4s, and 3p-4d transitions of Ni I-like Dy XXXIX and neighboring ion satellite transitions (from Dy XXXIV to Dy XL) are identified.

  1. Synovectomy of the rheumatoid knee using intra-articular injection of dysprosium-165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates

    SciTech Connect

    Sledge, C.B.; Zuckerman, J.D.; Shortkroff, S.; Zalutsky, M.R.; Venkatesan, P.; Snyder, M.A.; Barrett, W.P.

    1987-09-01

    One hundred and eleven patients who had seropositive rheumatoid arthritis and persistent synovitis of the knee were treated with intra-articular injection of 270 millicuries of dysprosium-165 bound to ferric hydroxide macroaggregates. A two-year follow-up was available for fifty-nine of the treated knees. Thirty-nine had a good result; nine, a fair result; and eleven, a poor result. Of the twenty-five knees that had Stage-I radiographic changes, nineteen had a good result. Of the thirty-four knees that had Stage-II radiographic changes, twenty showed a good result. Systemic spread of the radioactivity from the injected joint was minimum. The mean whole-body dose was calculated to be 0.3 rad and that to the liver twenty-four hours after injection, 3.2 rads. The results indicated that dysprosium-165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregate is an effective agent for performing radiation synovectomy, particularly in knees that have Stage-I radiographic changes. Because of the minimum rate of systemic spread of the dysprosium-165, it offers a definite advantage over agents that previously have been used.

  2. The synthesis, structure, magnetic and luminescent properties of a new tetranuclear dysprosium (III) cluster

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Yen-Han; Tsai, Yun-Fan; Lee, Gene-Hsian; Yang, En-Che

    2012-01-15

    The synthesis and characterization of [Dy{sub 4}(dhampH{sub 3}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}](NO{sub 3}){sub 2} (1), a new tetranuclear dysprosium (III) complex, is described. The compound was characterized by its X-ray structure, magnetic properties as well as the luminescent spectra. The compound crystallizes in a P1-bar space group with a zig-zag linear form of geometry. The ac magnetic susceptibilities of the molecule indicate that it is a magnetic molecule with a slow magnetization relaxation. The molecule also exhibits an emission spectrum that was confirmed to be ligand based. These results indicate that this molecule has both a slow magnetization relaxation (that could be potentially a SMM) and luminescent properties. - Graphical Abstract: A new tetranuclear dysprosium (III) complex [Dy{sub 4}(dhampH{sub 3}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}](NO{sub 3}){sub 2} is synthesized and reported in this paper. This molecule has luminescence and can potentially act as a SMM. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new designed ligand (dhampH{sub 5}) was syntheisized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new tetra-dysprosium cluster [Dy{sub 4}(dhampH{sub 3}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}](NO{sub 3}){sub 2} was made. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Slow magnetization relaxation phenomenon was observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ligand-based luminescence was observed.

  3. 24 CFR 16.6 - Initial denial of access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Initial denial of access. 16.6 Section 16.6 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 16.6 Initial denial of access. (a) Grounds. Access...

  4. 25 CFR 166.312 - Is a conservation plan required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Is a conservation plan required? 166.312 Section 166.312... Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.312 Is a conservation plan required? A conservation plan must be developed for each permit with the permittee and approved by us prior...

  5. 25 CFR 166.312 - Is a conservation plan required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Is a conservation plan required? 166.312 Section 166.312... Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.312 Is a conservation plan required? A conservation plan must be developed for each permit with the permittee and approved by us prior...

  6. 25 CFR 166.312 - Is a conservation plan required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Is a conservation plan required? 166.312 Section 166.312... Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.312 Is a conservation plan required? A conservation plan must be developed for each permit with the permittee and approved by us prior...

  7. 25 CFR 166.312 - Is a conservation plan required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Is a conservation plan required? 166.312 Section 166.312... Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.312 Is a conservation plan required? A conservation plan must be developed for each permit with the permittee and approved by us prior...

  8. 25 CFR 166.312 - Is a conservation plan required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Is a conservation plan required? 166.312 Section 166.312... Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.312 Is a conservation plan required? A conservation plan must be developed for each permit with the permittee and approved by us prior...

  9. 25 CFR 166.605 - Are cash performance bonds refunded?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Are cash performance bonds refunded? 166.605 Section 166.605 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.605 Are cash performance bonds refunded? If the cash...

  10. 40 CFR 205.166 - Noise emission standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Noise emission standards. 205.166 Section 205.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycle Exhaust Systems § 205.166...

  11. 40 CFR 205.166 - Noise emission standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Noise emission standards. 205.166 Section 205.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycle Exhaust Systems § 205.166...

  12. 40 CFR 205.166 - Noise emission standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Noise emission standards. 205.166 Section 205.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycle Exhaust Systems § 205.166...

  13. 40 CFR 205.166 - Noise emission standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Noise emission standards. 205.166 Section 205.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycle Exhaust Systems § 205.166...

  14. 40 CFR 166.28 - Duration of exemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Duration of exemption. 166.28 Section 166.28 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS..., Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.28 Duration of exemption. (a) Specific or public...

  15. 25 CFR 166.305 - When is grazing capacity determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When is grazing capacity determined? 166.305 Section 166.305 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.305 When is grazing capacity determined? Before we grant, modify,...

  16. 46 CFR 502.166 - Corrections of transcript.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Corrections of transcript. 502.166 Section 502.166... Hearings; Presiding Officers; Evidence § 502.166 Corrections of transcript. Motions made at the hearing to... changed to reflect such corrections. If objections are received, the motion will be acted upon with...

  17. 46 CFR 502.166 - Corrections of transcript.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Corrections of transcript. 502.166 Section 502.166... Hearings; Presiding Officers; Evidence § 502.166 Corrections of transcript. Motions made at the hearing to... changed to reflect such corrections. If objections are received, the motion will be acted upon with...

  18. 17 CFR 166.2 - Authorization to trade.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Authorization to trade. 166.2 Section 166.2 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION CUSTOMER PROTECTION RULES § 166.2 Authorization to trade. No futures commission merchant, introducing broker or any of...

  19. 9 CFR 166.8 - Vehicles used to transport garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Vehicles used to transport garbage. 166.8 Section 166.8 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.8...

  20. 9 CFR 166.12 - Cancellation of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cancellation of licenses. 166.12 Section 166.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.12 Cancellation...

  1. 9 CFR 166.8 - Vehicles used to transport garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Vehicles used to transport garbage. 166.8 Section 166.8 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.8...

  2. 9 CFR 166.12 - Cancellation of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cancellation of licenses. 166.12 Section 166.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.12 Cancellation...

  3. 9 CFR 166.12 - Cancellation of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cancellation of licenses. 166.12 Section 166.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.12 Cancellation...

  4. 9 CFR 166.12 - Cancellation of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cancellation of licenses. 166.12 Section 166.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.12 Cancellation...

  5. 9 CFR 166.4 - Storage of garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Storage of garbage. 166.4 Section 166.4 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.4 Storage of garbage....

  6. 9 CFR 166.4 - Storage of garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Storage of garbage. 166.4 Section 166.4 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.4 Storage of garbage....

  7. 9 CFR 166.4 - Storage of garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Storage of garbage. 166.4 Section 166.4 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.4 Storage of garbage....

  8. 9 CFR 166.8 - Vehicles used to transport garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Vehicles used to transport garbage. 166.8 Section 166.8 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.8...

  9. 9 CFR 166.12 - Cancellation of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cancellation of licenses. 166.12 Section 166.12 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.12 Cancellation...

  10. 9 CFR 166.8 - Vehicles used to transport garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Vehicles used to transport garbage. 166.8 Section 166.8 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.8...

  11. 9 CFR 166.4 - Storage of garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Storage of garbage. 166.4 Section 166.4 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.4 Storage of garbage....

  12. 9 CFR 166.4 - Storage of garbage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Storage of garbage. 166.4 Section 166.4 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.4 Storage of garbage....

  13. 46 CFR 166.01 - Approval of nautical school ships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Approval of nautical school ships. 166.01 Section 166.01... OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.01 Approval of nautical school ships. (a) Under 46 U.S.C. 7315... documents. (b) It has been made to appear to the satisfaction of the Commandant that the school...

  14. 46 CFR 166.01 - Approval of nautical school ships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Approval of nautical school ships. 166.01 Section 166.01... OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.01 Approval of nautical school ships. (a) Under 46 U.S.C. 7315... documents. (b) It has been made to appear to the satisfaction of the Commandant that the school...

  15. 46 CFR 166.01 - Approval of nautical school ships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Approval of nautical school ships. 166.01 Section 166.01... OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.01 Approval of nautical school ships. (a) Under 46 U.S.C. 7315... documents. (b) It has been made to appear to the satisfaction of the Commandant that the school...

  16. 46 CFR 166.01 - Approval of nautical school ships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Approval of nautical school ships. 166.01 Section 166.01... OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.01 Approval of nautical school ships. (a) Under 46 U.S.C. 7315... documents. (b) It has been made to appear to the satisfaction of the Commandant that the school...

  17. 46 CFR 166.01 - Approval of nautical school ships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Approval of nautical school ships. 166.01 Section 166.01... OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.01 Approval of nautical school ships. (a) Under 46 U.S.C. 7315... documents. (b) It has been made to appear to the satisfaction of the Commandant that the school...

  18. 26 CFR 1.166-1 - Bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bad debts. 1.166-1 Section 1.166-1 Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.166-1 Bad debts. (a... shall be allowed in respect of bad debts owed to the taxpayer. For this purpose, bad debts...

  19. 26 CFR 1.166-1 - Bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Bad debts. 1.166-1 Section 1.166-1 Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.166-1 Bad debts. (a... shall be allowed in respect of bad debts owed to the taxpayer. For this purpose, bad debts...

  20. 26 CFR 1.166-4 - Reserve for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reserve for bad debts. 1.166-4 Section 1.166-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.166-4 Reserve for bad debts. (a) Allowance of deduction. A taxpayer who has established the reserve method of treating...

  1. 26 CFR 1.166-4 - Reserve for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reserve for bad debts. 1.166-4 Section 1.166-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.166-4 Reserve for bad debts. (a) Allowance of deduction. A taxpayer who has established the reserve method of treating...

  2. 25 CFR 166.305 - When is grazing capacity determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true When is grazing capacity determined? 166.305 Section 166... and Operations Management § 166.305 When is grazing capacity determined? Before we grant, modify, or approve a permit, in consultation with the Indian landowners, we will establish the total grazing...

  3. 25 CFR 166.305 - When is grazing capacity determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false When is grazing capacity determined? 166.305 Section 166... and Operations Management § 166.305 When is grazing capacity determined? Before we grant, modify, or approve a permit, in consultation with the Indian landowners, we will establish the total grazing...

  4. 25 CFR 166.305 - When is grazing capacity determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false When is grazing capacity determined? 166.305 Section 166... and Operations Management § 166.305 When is grazing capacity determined? Before we grant, modify, or approve a permit, in consultation with the Indian landowners, we will establish the total grazing...

  5. 33 CFR 166.500 - Areas along the Atlantic Coast.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Areas along the Atlantic Coast. 166.500 Section 166.500 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.500 Areas along the Atlantic Coast. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this section...

  6. 33 CFR 166.500 - Areas along the Atlantic Coast.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Areas along the Atlantic Coast. 166.500 Section 166.500 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.500 Areas along the Atlantic Coast. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this section...

  7. 33 CFR 166.500 - Areas along the Atlantic Coast.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Areas along the Atlantic Coast. 166.500 Section 166.500 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.500 Areas along the Atlantic Coast. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this section...

  8. 33 CFR 166.500 - Areas along the Atlantic Coast.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Areas along the Atlantic Coast. 166.500 Section 166.500 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.500 Areas along the Atlantic Coast. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this section...

  9. 33 CFR 166.500 - Areas along the Atlantic Coast.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Areas along the Atlantic Coast. 166.500 Section 166.500 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.500 Areas along the Atlantic Coast. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this section...

  10. 34 CFR 222.166-222.169 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false 222.166-222.169 Section 222.166-222.169 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Determinations Under Section 8009 of the Act §§ 222.166-222.169...

  11. 34 CFR 222.166-222.169 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false 222.166-222.169 Section 222.166-222.169 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Determinations Under Section 8009 of the Act §§ 222.166-222.169...

  12. 25 CFR 166.222 - Are there standard permit forms?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are there standard permit forms? 166.222 Section 166.222 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements Obtaining A Permit § 166.222 Are there standard permit forms? Yes. Standard permit...

  13. 34 CFR 222.166-222.169 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 222.166-222.169 Section 222.166-222.169 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Determinations Under Section 8009 of the Act §§ 222.166-222.169...

  14. 34 CFR 222.166-222.169 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 222.166-222.169 Section 222.166-222.169 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Determinations Under Section 8009 of the Act §§ 222.166-222.169...

  15. 25 CFR 166.222 - Are there standard permit forms?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Are there standard permit forms? 166.222 Section 166.222 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements Obtaining A Permit § 166.222 Are there standard permit forms? Yes. Standard permit...

  16. 34 CFR 222.166-222.169 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 222.166-222.169 Section 222.166-222.169 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Determinations Under Section 8009 of the Act §§ 222.166-222.169...

  17. 25 CFR 166.305 - When is grazing capacity determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When is grazing capacity determined? 166.305 Section 166.305 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.305 When is grazing capacity determined? Before we grant, modify,...

  18. 25 CFR 166.313 - Is environmental compliance required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Is environmental compliance required? 166.313 Section 166.313 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management Management Plans and Environmental Compliance § 166.313 Is...

  19. Novel Thermal Effects at the First Order Magnetic Phase Transition in Erbium, and a Comparison with Dysprosium

    SciTech Connect

    Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Pecharsky, V.K.; Fort, D.

    1997-06-01

    In low temperature studies of ultrapure erbium (and dysprosium) we have discovered unusual thermal effects at the first order magnetic transformation of erbium ({congruent} 19K). These include (1)superheating (i.e., {ital the metal is colder after heat has been added to it than before the heat pulse }), (2)supercooling, and (3)the existence of metastable intermediate phases during this phase transformation in erbium (four on heating and two on cooling). In comparison, dysprosium exhibits both superheating and supercooling, but no intermediate metastable phases are observed. Furthermore, none of these effects are observed in less pure metals. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  20. Therapeutic application of dysprosium-165-FHMA in the treatment of rheumatoid knee effusions

    SciTech Connect

    English, R.J.; Zalutsky, M.; Venkatesan, P.; Sledge, C.B.

    1986-03-01

    Radiation synovectomy utilizing a variety of radionuclides has proven to be an effective technique in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The recent introduction of the short-lived radionuclide, Dysprosium-165 (/sup 165/Dy), as a replacement for the longer-lived radiocolloids has reduced nontarget dosimetry caused by leakage of the agent from the articular cavity. A review of the methods and status of radiation synovectomy, and the application of /sup 165/Dy-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates (FHMA) as an alternative therapeutic agent is described.

  1. Synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of a novel heterobimetallic rhenium(IV)-dysprosium(III) chain.

    PubMed

    Pejo, Carolina; Guedes, Guilherme P; Novak, Miguel A; Speziali, Nivaldo L; Chiozzone, Raúl; Julve, Miguel; Lloret, Francesc; Vaz, Maria G F; González, Ricardo

    2015-06-08

    The use of the mononuclear rhenium(IV) precursor [ReBr5 (H2 pydc)](-) (H2 pydc=3,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid) as a metalloligand towards dysprosium(III) afforded the first heterobimetallic Re(IV) -Dy(III) complex. Crystal structures and static and dynamic magnetic properties of both rhenium-containing species are reported herein. The 5d-4f compound shows an extended 1D structure and the AC magnetic measurements reveal frequency dependence at low temperature suggesting slow relaxation of the magnetization.

  2. Calorimetric measurement of the interaction of propylene, acetylene, and methane with dysprosium films at room temperature

    SciTech Connect

    Cerny, S.; Smutek, M. )

    1990-05-01

    Rare earth metals and their intermetallics have found applications in heterogeneous catalysis, including cracking, hydrogenation, and other reactions of hydrocarbons, yet little has been published on chemisorption of hydrocarbons by rare earths. In the present communication the authors report on exploratory calorimetric experiments with the adsorption of initial doses of C{sub 3}H{sub 6}, C{sub 2}H{sub 2}, and CH{sub 4} admitted to polycrystalline dysprosium films at room temperature. The obtained data are interpreted in terms of thermochemical cycles utilizing data of their previous thermochemical and XPS measurements of the interaction of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and oxygen with films of rare earths.

  3. Structure of dimeric dysprosium (III) d-tartrate of 2:2 composition in aqueous solution

    SciTech Connect

    Chevela, V.V.; Vul`fson, S.G.; Sal`nikov, Yu.I.

    1994-12-20

    The molar constant of paramagnetic birefringence of dimeric dysprosium d-tartrate Dy{sub 2}(d-L){sup 2{minus}}{sub 2} (d-L{sup 4{minus}} is a deprotonated molecule of tartaric acid) was determined experimentally and by mathematical simulation. The structures of the ligand and hydrate environment in Dy{sub 2}(d-L){sup 2{minus}}{sub 2} were simulated by the molecular mechanics method (Dashevskii-Plyamovatyi model). Results consistent with the experimental data can be obtained only when coordination of Na{sup +} is taken into account. 6 refs., 4 figs., 8 tabs.

  4. High-pressure structural studies of dysprosium using angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction

    SciTech Connect

    Shen Yongrong; Kumar, Ravhi S.; Cornelius, Andrew L.; Nicol, Malcolm F.

    2007-02-01

    We present structural results under pressure for elemental dysprosium (Dy) up to 87 GPa using in situ angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction measurements with synchrotron x rays and a diamond-anvil cell. Dy exhibits the structural transition sequence, hP2{yields}hR9{yields}hP4{yields}distorted cF4, from Rietveld full-profile refinements. Clear evidence is documented for the high-pressure distorted cF4 phase observed above 45 GPa to be an orthorhombic oS8 (Cmmm) structure for Dy in the lanthanide phase diagram.

  5. High-pressure structural studies of dysprosium using angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Yong Rong; Kumar, Ravhi S.; Cornelius, Andrew L.; Nicol, Malcolm F.

    2007-02-01

    We present structural results under pressure for elemental dysprosium (Dy) up to 87GPa using in situ angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction measurements with synchrotron x rays and a diamond-anvil cell. Dy exhibits the structural transition sequence, hP2→hR9→hP4→distorted cF4, from Rietveld full-profile refinements. Clear evidence is documented for the high-pressure distorted cF4 phase observed above 45GPa to be an orthorhombic oS8 (Cmmm) structure for Dy in the lanthanide phase diagram.

  6. Cyclic single-molecule magnets: from the odd-numbered heptanuclear to a dimer of heptanuclear dysprosium clusters.

    PubMed

    Tian, Haiquan; Bao, Song-Song; Zheng, Li-Min

    2016-02-07

    A heptanuclear and a dimer of heptanuclear dysprosium clusters (Dy7 and Dy14) have been successfully synthesized by ingenious coalescence of the single and double pyrazinyl hydrazone as well as phosphonate ligands. The complexes feature the largest odd-numbered cyclic lanthanide clusters reported thus far. Both exhibit single molecule magnet behaviors at low temperature.

  7. Highly Axial Magnetic Anisotropy in a N3 O5 Dysprosium(III) Coordination Environment Generated by a Merocyanine Ligand.

    PubMed

    Selvanathan, Pramila; Huang, Gang; Guizouarn, Thierry; Roisnel, Thierry; Fernandez-Garcia, Guglielmo; Totti, Federico; Le Guennic, Boris; Calvez, Guillaume; Bernot, Kévin; Norel, Lucie; Rigaut, Stéphane

    2016-10-17

    A spiropyran-based switchable ligand isomerizes upon reaction with lanthanide(III) precursors to generate complexes with an unusual N3 O5 coordination sphere. The air-stable dysprosium(III) complex shows a hysteresis loop at 2 K and a very strong axial magnetic anisotropy generated by the merocyanine phenolate donor.

  8. The determination of samarium, europium, gadolinium and dysprosium in uranium products by direct-current plasma emission spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Flavelle, F; Westland, A D

    1986-05-01

    Samarium, europium, gadolinium and dysprosium were separated from uranium-containing materials by means of solvent extraction with Alamine 336, followed by cation-exchange. The elements were determined in the sub-ppm range by means of direct-current plasma atomic-emission spectrometry.

  9. A comparison of the effects of symmetry and magnetoanisotropy on paramagnetic relaxation in related dysprosium single ion magnets.

    PubMed

    Williams, Ursula J; Mahoney, Brian D; DeGregorio, Patrick T; Carroll, Patrick J; Nakamaru-Ogiso, Eiko; Kikkawa, James M; Schelter, Eric J

    2012-06-07

    Dysprosium complexes of the tmtaa(2-) ligand were synthesized and characterized by X-band EPR and magnetism studies. Both complexes demonstrate magnetoanisotropy and slow paramagnetic relaxation. Comparison of these compounds with the seminal phthalocyanine complex [Dy(Pc)(2)](-) shows the azaannulide complexes are more susceptible to relaxation through non-thermal pathways.

  10. Treatment of rheumatoid synovitis of the knee with intraarticular injection of dysprosium 165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates

    SciTech Connect

    Sledge, C.B.; Zuckerman, J.D.; Zalutsky, M.R.; Atcher, R.W.; Shortkroff, S.; Lionberger, D.R.; Rose, H.A.; Hurson, B.J.; Lankenner, P.A. Jr.; Anderson, R.J.

    1986-02-01

    One hundred eight knees of 93 patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis and persistent synovitis of the knee were treated with an intraarticular injection of 270 mCi of dysprosium 165 bound to ferric hydroxide macroaggregate. Leakage of radioactivity from the injected joint was minimal. Mean leakage to the venous blood 3 hours after injection was 0.11% of the injected dose; this corresponds to a mean whole body dose of 0.2 rads. Mean leakage to the liver 24 hours after injection was 0.64% of the injected dose; this corresponds to a mean liver dose of 3.2 rads. In 7 additional patients examined, there was negligible or near negligible activity found in the draining inguinal lymph nodes. One-year followup was possible for 74 knees (63 patients). Sixty-one percent of the knees had good results, 23% had fair results, and 16% had poor results. There was a direct correlation between the radiographic stage and response to treatment. In knees with stage I radiographic changes, 72% showed good results; 93% showed improvement. In knees with stage II changes, 59% showed good results; 81% showed improvement. These preliminary results indicate that dysprosium 165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregate is an effective agent for radiation synovectomy. The low leakage rates observed offer a definite advantage over agents previously used.

  11. Local coordination geometry perturbed β-diketone dysprosium single-ion magnets.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Jing; Wang, Changzheng; Luan, Fang; Liu, Tianqi; Yan, Pengfei; Li, Guangming

    2014-09-02

    A series of three β-diketone mononuclear dysprosium complexes, namely, Dy(TFI)3(H2O)2 (1), Dy(TFI)3(bpy) (2), and [Dy(TFI)3(Phen)]·0.02CHCl3 (3) (TFI = 2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-1-indone, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) have been designed and synthesized. Crystal structure analysis reveals that complexes 1-3 have haveisomorphic structures in which the central Dy(III) ion is eight-coordinated by six oxygen atoms from three TFI ligands and two O/N atoms from auxiliary ligands, forming a distorted bicapped trigonal prismatic geometry for 1, a distorted dodecahedral geometry for 2, and a distorted square antiprismatic geometry for 3, respectively. Magnetic studies indicate that complex 2 with D(2d) symmetry and 3 with D(4d) symmetry exhibit slow magnetic relaxation with barrier heights (U(eff)/k(B)) of 48.8 K for 2 and 57.9 K for 3. Strikingly, the relaxation time (τ) of 0.0258 s for 3 is about 20 times that for 2, which is presumably associated with larger rotation of the SAP surroundings for 3. Further, complexes 2 and 3 exhibit essential magnetic hysteresis loops at 1.8 K. These extend the recent reports of the single-ion magnets (SIMs) of β-diketone mononuclear dysprosium complexes.

  12. Influencing the properties of dysprosium single-molecule magnets with phosphorus donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Pugh, Thomas; Tuna, Floriana; Ungur, Liviu; Collison, David; McInnes, Eric J L; Chibotaru, Liviu F; Layfield, Richard A

    2015-07-01

    Single-molecule magnets are a type of coordination compound that can retain magnetic information at low temperatures. Single-molecule magnets based on lanthanides have accounted for many important advances, including systems with very large energy barriers to reversal of the magnetization, and a di-terbium complex that displays magnetic hysteresis up to 14 K and shows strong coercivity. Ligand design is crucial for the development of new single-molecule magnets: organometallic chemistry presents possibilities for using unconventional ligands, particularly those with soft donor groups. Here we report dysprosium single-molecule magnets with neutral and anionic phosphorus donor ligands, and show that their properties change dramatically when varying the ligand from phosphine to phosphide to phosphinidene. A phosphide-ligated, trimetallic dysprosium single-molecule magnet relaxes via the second-excited Kramers' doublet, and, when doped into a diamagnetic matrix at the single-ion level, produces a large energy barrier of 256 cm(-1) and magnetic hysteresis up to 4.4 K.

  13. Influencing the properties of dysprosium single-molecule magnets with phosphorus donor ligands

    PubMed Central

    Pugh, Thomas; Tuna, Floriana; Ungur, Liviu; Collison, David; McInnes, Eric J.L.; Chibotaru, Liviu F.; Layfield, Richard A.

    2015-01-01

    Single-molecule magnets are a type of coordination compound that can retain magnetic information at low temperatures. Single-molecule magnets based on lanthanides have accounted for many important advances, including systems with very large energy barriers to reversal of the magnetization, and a di-terbium complex that displays magnetic hysteresis up to 14 K and shows strong coercivity. Ligand design is crucial for the development of new single-molecule magnets: organometallic chemistry presents possibilities for using unconventional ligands, particularly those with soft donor groups. Here we report dysprosium single-molecule magnets with neutral and anionic phosphorus donor ligands, and show that their properties change dramatically when varying the ligand from phosphine to phosphide to phosphinidene. A phosphide-ligated, trimetallic dysprosium single-molecule magnet relaxes via the second-excited Kramers' doublet, and, when doped into a diamagnetic matrix at the single-ion level, produces a large energy barrier of 256 cm−1 and magnetic hysteresis up to 4.4 K. PMID:26130418

  14. Tuning Slow Magnetic Relaxation in a Two-Dimensional Dysprosium Layer Compound through Guest Molecules.

    PubMed

    Chen, Qi; Li, Jian; Meng, Yin-Shan; Sun, Hao-Ling; Zhang, Yi-Quan; Sun, Jun-Liang; Gao, Song

    2016-08-15

    A novel two-dimensional dysprosium(III) complex, [Dy(L)(CH3COO)]·0.5DMF·H2O·2CH3OH (1), has been successfully synthesized from a new pyridine-N-oxide (PNO)-containing ligand, namely, N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)pyridine-N-oxidecarbohydrazide (H2L). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal that complex 1 is composed of a dinuclear dysprosium subunit, which is further extended by the PNO part of the ligand to form a two-dimensional layer. Magnetic studies indicate that complex 1 shows well-defined temperature- and frequency-dependent signals under a zero direct-current (dc) field, typical of slow magnetic relaxation with an effective energy barrier Ueff of 33.6 K under a zero dc field. Interestingly, powder X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis reveal that compound 1 undergoes a reversible phase transition that is induced by the desorption and absorption of methanol and water molecules. Moreover, the desolvated sample [Dy(L)(CH3COO)]·0.5DMF (1a) also exhibits slow magnetic relaxation but with a higher anisotropic barrier of 42.0 K, indicating the tuning effect of solvent molecules on slow magnetic relaxation.

  15. Dysprosium-doped chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed-laser deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nazabal, Virginie; Nemec, Petr; Jedelský, Jaroslav; Duverger, Claire; Le Person, Jenny; Adam, Jean-Luc; Frumar, Miloslav

    2004-08-01

    The chalcogenide glasses possess interesting optical properties such as a good transmission in the nIR-mIR wavelength region, high linear and non-linear refractive index and photosensitivity, which allows holographic patterns writing. Moreover, their low-phonon energy makes them good candidates for optical amplification. In order to design an integrated circuit on chalcogenide glasses, the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique is a suitable method for deposition of glass with complex composition. Amorphous Ge-Ga-Sb-S films (pure and dysprosium doped) were prepared by PLD using different energy of the laser beam pulses. Compositional, morphological and structural characteristics of the films were studied by MEB-EDS, atomic force, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy analyses. The photo-luminescence of Dy doped Ge-Ga-Sb-S films was investigated. The emission band centered at 1340 nm corresponding to 6F11/2, 6H9/2-6H15/2 electron transitions of Dy3+ ions was identified in luminescence spectra of dysprosium doped thin films. A study of the optical properties and the effects of exposure and thermal annealing below the glass transition temperature on the optical parameters of thin films from the Ge-Ga-Sb-S system will be presented.

  16. Dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped calcium magnesium borate glass subjected to Co-60 gamma ray

    SciTech Connect

    Omar, R. S. Wagiran, H. Saeed, M. A.

    2016-01-22

    Thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped calcium magnesium borate (CMB:Dy) glass are presented. This study is deemed to understand the application of calcium as the modifier in magnesium borate glass with the presence of dysprosium as the activator to be performed as TL dosimeter (TLD). The study provides fundamental knowledge of a glass system that may lead to perform new TL glass dosimetry application in future research. Calcium magnesium borate glass systems of (70-y) B{sub 2}O{sub 3} − 20 CaO – 10 MgO-(y) Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} with 0.05  mol % ≤ y ≤ 0.7  mol % of dyprosium were prepared by melt-quenching technique. The amorphous structure and TL properties of the prepared samples were determined using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and TL reader; model Harshaw 4500 respectively. The samples were irradiated to Co-60 gamma source at a dose of 50 Gy. Dosimetric properties such as annealing procedure, time temperature profile (TTP) setting, optimization of Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration of 0.5 mol % were determined for thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD) reader used.

  17. 42 CFR 440.166 - Nurse practitioner services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

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  18. 27 CFR 46.166 - Dealing in tobacco products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

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  19. 9 CFR 166.8 - Vehicles used to transport garbage.

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

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  3. 40 CFR 166.45 - Duration of crisis exemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Duration of crisis exemption. 166.45... EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Crisis Exemptions § 166.45 Duration of crisis exemption. A crisis exemption may be authorized for: (a) Only as long as...

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

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  6. 42 CFR 417.166 - Waiver of assurances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  7. 42 CFR 417.166 - Waiver of assurances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

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  8. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

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  9. 40 CFR 166.7 - User notification; advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

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  11. 40 CFR 166.7 - User notification; advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

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  13. 40 CFR 205.166 - Noise emission standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

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  16. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

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  19. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

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  20. 9 CFR 166.11 - Suspension and revocation of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

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  1. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

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  2. 9 CFR 166.11 - Suspension and revocation of licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Suspension and revocation of licenses. 166.11 Section 166.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions §...

  3. 40 CFR 166.30 - Notice of Agency decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 166.30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.30 Notice of Agency decision. (a) Notification of...

  4. 40 CFR 166.7 - User notification; advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

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  5. 25 CFR 166.605 - Are cash performance bonds refunded?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Are cash performance bonds refunded? 166.605 Section 166.605 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS... bond has not been forfeited for cause, the amount deposited will be refunded to the depositor at...

  6. 40 CFR 408.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Pretreatment standards for new sources. 408.166 Section 408.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS CANNED AND PRESERVED SEAFOOD PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Alaskan...

  7. 27 CFR 46.166 - Dealing in tobacco products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Dealing in tobacco products. 46.166 Section 46.166 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TOBACCO MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  8. 27 CFR 46.166 - Dealing in tobacco products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Dealing in tobacco products. 46.166 Section 46.166 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TOBACCO MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  9. 27 CFR 46.166 - Dealing in tobacco products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Dealing in tobacco products. 46.166 Section 46.166 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TOBACCO MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  10. 27 CFR 46.166 - Dealing in tobacco products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Dealing in tobacco products. 46.166 Section 46.166 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TOBACCO MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS RELATING TO TOBACCO PRODUCTS...

  11. 50 CFR 648.166 - Bluefish gear restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 12 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Bluefish gear restrictions. 648.166... Measures for the Atlantic Bluefish Fishery § 648.166 Bluefish gear restrictions. If the MAFMC determines through its annual review or framework adjustment process that gear restrictions are necessary to...

  12. 50 CFR 648.166 - Bluefish gear restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 12 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Bluefish gear restrictions. 648.166... Measures for the Atlantic Bluefish Fishery § 648.166 Bluefish gear restrictions. If the MAFMC determines through its annual review or framework adjustment process that gear restrictions are necessary to...

  13. 50 CFR 648.166 - Bluefish gear restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 10 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Bluefish gear restrictions. 648.166... Measures for the Atlantic Bluefish Fishery § 648.166 Bluefish gear restrictions. If the MAFMC determines through its annual review or framework adjustment process that gear restrictions are necessary to...

  14. 50 CFR 648.166 - Bluefish gear restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 12 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Bluefish gear restrictions. 648.166... Measures for the Atlantic Bluefish Fishery § 648.166 Bluefish gear restrictions. If the MAFMC determines through its annual review or framework adjustment process that gear restrictions are necessary to...

  15. 40 CFR 60.166 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 60.166 Section 60.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Primary...

  16. 40 CFR 60.166 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 60.166 Section 60.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Primary...

  17. 9 CFR 166.14 - Cleaning and disinfecting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cleaning and disinfecting. 166.14... AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.14 Cleaning and... material; clean all surfaces with water and detergent and saturate the entire surface of the...

  18. 9 CFR 166.14 - Cleaning and disinfecting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cleaning and disinfecting. 166.14... AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.14 Cleaning and... material; clean all surfaces with water and detergent and saturate the entire surface of the...

  19. 9 CFR 166.14 - Cleaning and disinfecting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cleaning and disinfecting. 166.14... AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.14 Cleaning and... material; clean all surfaces with water and detergent and saturate the entire surface of the...

  20. 40 CFR 60.166 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 60.166... Smelters § 60.166 Test methods and procedures. (a) In conducting performance tests required in § 60.8, the owner or operator shall use as reference methods and procedures the test methods in appendix A of...

  1. 40 CFR 60.166 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Test methods and procedures. 60.166... Smelters § 60.166 Test methods and procedures. (a) In conducting performance tests required in § 60.8, the owner or operator shall use as reference methods and procedures the test methods in appendix A of...

  2. 27 CFR 24.166 - Buildings or rooms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Buildings or rooms. 24.166... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Construction and Equipment § 24.166 Buildings or rooms. All buildings or... afford adequate protection to the revenue. Each building or room will be constructed of...

  3. 27 CFR 24.166 - Buildings or rooms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Buildings or rooms. 24.166... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS WINE Construction and Equipment § 24.166 Buildings or rooms. All buildings or... afford adequate protection to the revenue. Each building or room will be constructed of...

  4. 42 CFR 416.166 - Covered surgical procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....166 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Prospective Payment System for ASC Services Furnished on or After January 1, 2008 § 416.166 Covered surgical... prolonged invasion of body cavities; (3) Directly involve major blood vessels; (4) Are generally emergent...

  5. 42 CFR 416.166 - Covered surgical procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....166 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Payment System for ASC Services Furnished on or After January 1, 2008 § 416.166 Covered surgical...) Generally result in extensive blood loss; (2) Require major or prolonged invasion of body cavities;...

  6. Solvent responsive magnetic dynamics of a dinuclear dysprosium single-molecule magnet.

    PubMed

    Ren, Min; Bao, Song-Song; Hoshino, Norihisa; Akutagawa, Tomoyuki; Wang, Bingwu; Ding, Yu-Chen; Wei, Shiqiang; Zheng, Li-Min

    2013-07-15

    A new dysprosium(III) phosphonate dimer {Dy(notpH4)(NO3)(H2O)}2·8H2O (1) [notpH6=1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triyl-tris(methylenephosphonic acid)] that contains two equivalent Dy(III) ions with a three-capped trigonal prism environment is reported. Complex 1 can be transformed into {Dy(notpH4)(NO3)(H2O)}2 (2) in a reversible manner by desorption and absorption of solvent water at ambient temperature. This process is accompanied by a large dielectric response. Magnetic studies reveal that both 1 and 2 show thermally activated magnetization relaxation as expected for single-molecule magnets. Moreover, the magnetic dynamics of the two compounds can be manipulated by controlling the number of solvent molecules at room temperature.

  7. Nuclear resonance reflection of synchrotron radiation from thin dysprosium films with different types of magnetic ordering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andreeva, M. A.; Antropov, N. O.; Baulin, R. A.; Kravtsov, E. A.; Ryabukhina, M. V.; Yakunina, E. M.; Ustinov, V. V.

    2016-12-01

    Epitaxial thin films of dysprosium have been successfully synthesized by the method of high-vacuum magnetron sputtering and their structure and magnetic properties have been investigated. The opportunity of the nuclear resonance scattering for the investigation of nanostructures containing 161Dy has been considered; the specific features of the spectra of nuclear resonance reflectivity from the films have been analyzed on the energy and time scales at different orientations of the magnetic hyperfine field. The simulation of the angular dependences of nuclear resonance reflectivity for the case of spiral ordering in periodic structures containing 161Dy has been carried out. It has been shown that these dependences make it possible to uniquely determine the period of magnetic ordering.

  8. Photophysical and electrochemical properties of a dysprosium-zinc tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin complex.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wen-Tong; Liu, Dong-Sheng; Xu, Ya-Ping; Luo, Qiu-Yan; Pei, Yun-Peng

    2016-02-01

    A dysprosium-zinc porphyrin, [DyZn(TPPS)H3O]n (1) (TPPS = tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin), was prepared through solvothermal reactions and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Complex 1 features a three-dimensional (3-D) porous open framework that is thermally stable up to 400 °C. Complex 1 displays a void space of 215 Å(3), occupying 9.2% of the unit cell volume. The fluorescence spectra reveal that it shows an emission band in the red region. The fluorescence lifetime is 39 µsec and the quantum yield is 1.7%. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurement revealed one quasi-reversible wave with E1/2  = 0.30 V.

  9. Dysprosium-carboxylate nanomeshes with tunable cavity size and assembly motif through ionic interactions.

    PubMed

    Cirera, B; Đorđević, L; Otero, R; Gallego, J M; Bonifazi, D; Miranda, R; Ecija, D

    2016-09-28

    We report the design of dysprosium directed metallo-supramolecular architectures on a pristine Cu(111) surface. By an appropriate selection of the ditopic molecular linkers equipped with terminal carboxylic groups (TPA, PDA and TDA species), we create reticular and mononuclear metal-organic nanomeshes of tunable internodal distance, which are stabilized by eight-fold DyO interactions. A thermal annealing treatment for the reticular Dy:TDA architecture gives rise to an unprecedented quasi-hexagonal nanostructure based on dinuclear Dy clusters, exhibiting a unique six-fold DyO bonding motif. All metallo-supramolecular architectures are stable at room temperature. Our results open new avenues for the engineering of supramolecular architectures on surfaces incorporating f-block elements forming thermally robust nanoarchitectures through ionic bonds.

  10. Treatment of antigen-induced arthritis in rabbits with dysprosium-165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates

    SciTech Connect

    Zuckerman, J.D.; Sledge, C.B.; Shortkroff, S.; Venkatesan, P.

    1989-01-01

    Dysprosium-165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates (/sup 165/Dy-FHMA) was used as an agent of radiation synovectomy in an antigen-induced arthritis model in New Zealand white rabbits. Animals were killed up to 6 months after treatment. /sup 165/Dy-FHMA was found to have a potent but temporary antiinflammatory effect on synovium for up to 3 months after treatment. Treated knees also showed significant preservation of articular cartilage architecture and proteoglycan content compared with untreated controls, but only during the first 3 months after treatment. In animals killed 3 and 6 months after treatment there were only minimal differences between the treated and untreated knees, indicating that the antiinflammatory effects on synovial tissue and articular cartilage preservation were not sustained.

  11. Dysprosium complexes and their micelles as potential bimodal agents for magnetic resonance and optical imaging.

    PubMed

    Debroye, Elke; Laurent, Sophie; Vander Elst, Luce; Muller, Robert N; Parac-Vogt, Tatjana N

    2013-11-18

    Six diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) bisamide derivatives functionalized with p-toluidine (DTPA-BTolA), 6-aminocoumarin (DTPA-BCoumA), 1-naphthalene methylamine (DTPA-BNaphA), 4-ethynylaniline (DTPA-BEthA), p-dodecylaniline (DTPA-BC12PheA) and p-tetradecyl-aniline (DTPA-BC14PheA) were coordinated to dysprosium(III) and the magnetic and optical properties of the complexes were examined in detail. The complexes consisting of amphiphilic ligands (DTPA-BC12PheA and DTPA-BC14PheA) were further assembled into mixed micelles. Upon excitation into the ligand levels, the complexes display characteristic Dy(III) emission with quantum yields of 0.3-0.5% despite the presence of one water molecule in the first coordination sphere. A deeper insight into the energy-transfer processes has been obtained by studying the photophysical properties of the corresponding Gd(III) complexes. Since the luminescence quenching effect is decreased by the intervention of non-ionic surfactant, quantum yields up to 1% are obtained for the micelles. The transverse relaxivity r2 per Dy(III) ion at 500 MHz and 310 K reaches a maximum value of 27.4 s(-1) mM(-1) for Dy-DTPA-BEthA and 36.0 s(-1) mM(-1) for the Dy-DTPA-BC12PheA assemblies compared with a value of 0.8 s(-1) mM(-1) for Dy-DTPA. The efficient T2 relaxation, especially at high magnetic field strengths, is sustained by the high magnetic moment of the dysprosium ion, the coordination of water molecules with slow water exchange kinetics and long rotational correlation times. These findings open the way to the further development of bimodal optical and magnetic resonance imaging probes starting from single lanthanide compounds.

  12. Structural and electronic dependence of the single-molecule-magnet behavior of dysprosium(III) complexes.

    PubMed

    Campbell, Victoria E; Bolvin, Hélène; Rivière, Eric; Guillot, Regis; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Mallah, Talal

    2014-03-03

    We investigate and compare the magnetic properties of two isostructural Dy(III)-containing complexes. The Dy(III) ions are chelated by hexadentate ligands and possess two apical bidendate nitrate anions. In dysprosium(III) N,N'-bis(imine-2-yl)methylene-1,8-diamino-3,6-dioxaoctane (1), the ligand's donor atoms are two alkoxo, two pyridine, and two imine nitrogen atoms. Dysprosium(III) N,N'-bis(amine-2-yl)methylene-1,8-diamino-3,6-dioxaoctane (2) is identical with 1 except for one modification: the two imine groups have been replaced by amine groups. This change has a minute effect on the structure and a larger effect the magnetic behavior. The two complexes possess slow relaxation of the magnetization in the presence of an applied field of 1000 Oe but with a larger barrier for reorientation of the magnetization for 1 (Ueff/kB = 50 K) than for 2 (Ueff/kB = 34 K). First-principles calculations using the spin-orbit complete active-space self-consistent-field method were performed and allowed to fit the experimental magnetization data. The calculations gave the energy spectrum of the 2J + 1 sublevels issued from the J = 15/2 free-ion ground state. The lowest-lying sublevels were found to have a large contribution of MJ = ±15/2 for 1, while for 2, MJ = ±13/2 was dominant. The observed differences were attributed to a synergistic effect between the electron density of the ligand and the small structural changes provoked by a slight alteration of the coordination environment. It was observed that the stronger ligand field (imine) resulted in complex 1 with a larger energy barrier for reorientation of the magnetization than 2.

  13. Fluorescence studies, DNA binding properties and antimicrobial activity of a dysprosium(III) complex containing 1,10-phenanthroline.

    PubMed

    Khorasani-Motlagh, Mozhgan; Noroozifar, Meissam; Moodi, Asieh; Niroomand, Sona

    2013-10-05

    Luminescence and binding properties of dysprosium(III) complex containing 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), [Dy(phen)2(OH2)3Cl]Cl2⋅H2O with DNA has been studied by electronic absorption, emission spectroscopy and viscosity measurement. The thermodynamic studies suggest that the interaction process to be endothermic and entropically driven, which indicates that the dysprosium(III) complex might interact with DNA by a non intercalation binding mode. Additionally, the competitive fluorescence study with ethidium bromide and also the effect of iodide ion and salt concentration on fluorescence of the complex-DNA system is investigated. Experimental results indicate that the Dy(III) complex strongly binds to DNA, presumably via groove binding mode. Furthermore, the complex shows a potent antibacterial activity and DNA cleavage ability.

  14. 42 CFR 460.166 - Effective date of disenrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY (PACE) PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY (PACE) Participant Enrollment and Disenrollment § 460.166 Effective date...

  15. 42 CFR 460.166 - Effective date of disenrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY (PACE) PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY (PACE) Participant Enrollment and Disenrollment § 460.166 Effective date...

  16. 42 CFR 460.166 - Effective date of disenrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY (PACE) PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY (PACE) Participant Enrollment and Disenrollment § 460.166 Effective date...

  17. 42 CFR 460.166 - Effective date of disenrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY (PACE) PROGRAMS OF ALL-INCLUSIVE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY (PACE) Participant Enrollment and Disenrollment § 460.166 Effective date...

  18. 7 CFR 1260.166 - Officers of the Committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Beef Promotion Operating Committee § 1260.166 Officers of the Committee....

  19. 40 CFR 82.166 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.166 Reporting... organizations shall submit to EPA within 30 days of the certification of a new model line of recycling...

  20. 40 CFR 82.166 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.166 Reporting... organizations shall submit to EPA within 30 days of the certification of a new model line of recycling...

  1. 40 CFR 82.166 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.166 Reporting... organizations shall submit to EPA within 30 days of the certification of a new model line of recycling...

  2. 40 CFR 82.166 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.166 Reporting... organizations shall submit to EPA within 30 days of the certification of a new model line of recycling...

  3. 40 CFR 82.166 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Recycling and Emissions Reduction § 82.166 Reporting... organizations shall submit to EPA within 30 days of the certification of a new model line of recycling...

  4. Peripheral Substitution: An Easy Way to Tuning the Magnetic Behavior of Tetrakis(phthalocyaninato) Dysprosium(III) SMMs

    PubMed Central

    Shang, Hong; Zeng, Suyuan; Wang, Hailong; Dou, Jianmin; Jiang, Jianzhuang

    2015-01-01

    Two tetrakis(phthalocyaninato) dysprosium(III)-cadmium(II) single-molecule magnets (SMMs) with different extent of phthalocyanine peripheral substitution and therefore different coordination geometry for the Dy ions were revealed to exhibit different SMM behavior, providing an easy way to tuning and controlling the molecular structure and in turn the magnetic properties of tetrakis(tetrapyrrole) lanthanide SMMs through simple tetrapyrrole peripheral substitution. PMID:25744587

  5. Critical Rare Earths, National Security, and U.S.-China Interactions: A Portfolio Approach to Dysprosium Policy Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    highest effectiveness to cost ratios which offers the policy maker the greatest bang for the buck. Portfolio 5 is comprised of the three portfolios in...ratios which offers the policy maker the greatest bang for the buck. 5 “Optimal” policy portfolios maximize the reduction of dysprosium criticality...Since the policies are overall less effective, we can expect “less bang for the buck.” For each dollar spent, the overall sum criticality reduction

  6. Mixed (phthalocyaninato)(Schiff-base) di-dysprosium sandwich complexes. Effect of magnetic coupling on the SMM behavior.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hailong; Liu, Chenxi; Liu, Tao; Zeng, Suyuan; Cao, Wei; Ma, Qi; Duan, Chunying; Dou, Jianmin; Jiang, Jianzhuang

    2013-11-21

    Reaction between Schiff-base ligand and half-sandwich complex M(Pc)(acac) led to the isolation of new sandwich-type mixed (phthalocyaninato)(Schiff-base) di-lanthanide compounds M2(Pc)2(L)H2O (M = Dy, Gd) (1, 2) [H2Pc = metal free phthalocyanine, Hacac = acetylacetone, H2L = N,N'-bis(3-methyloxysalicylidene)benzene-1,2-diamine] with the triple-decker molecular structure clearly revealed by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. For the comparative studies, sandwich triple-decker analogues with pure Schiff-base ligand M2(L)3H2O (M = Dy, Gd) (3, 4) were also prepared. Dynamic magnetic measurement result reveals the single-molecule magnet (SMM) nature of the di-dysprosium derivative 1, while the static magnetic investigation over both pure and the diamagnetic diluted samples of this compound discloses the interionic ferromagnetic coupling between the two dysprosium ions, which in turn effectively suppresses the QTM and enhances the energy barrier of this SMM. Nevertheless, comparative studies over the static magnetic properties of the di-dysprosium triple-decker complexes 1 and 3 indicate the stronger magnetic coupling between the two lanthanide ions in mixed (phthalocyaninato)(Schiff-base) species than in the pure Schiff-base triple-decker analogue, suggesting the special coordination sphere around the dysprosium ions in the former compound over the latter one on the more intense inter-ionic ferromagnetic coupling. As a very small step towards understanding the structure-property relationship, the present result will be surely helpful for the design and synthesis of the multinuclear lanthanide-based SMMs with good properties.

  7. Peripheral Substitution: An Easy Way to Tuning the Magnetic Behavior of Tetrakis(phthalocyaninato) Dysprosium(III) SMMs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shang, Hong; Zeng, Suyuan; Wang, Hailong; Dou, Jianmin; Jiang, Jianzhuang

    2015-03-01

    Two tetrakis(phthalocyaninato) dysprosium(III)-cadmium(II) single-molecule magnets (SMMs) with different extent of phthalocyanine peripheral substitution and therefore different coordination geometry for the Dy ions were revealed to exhibit different SMM behavior, providing an easy way to tuning and controlling the molecular structure and in turn the magnetic properties of tetrakis(tetrapyrrole) lanthanide SMMs through simple tetrapyrrole peripheral substitution.

  8. Evaluating United States and world consumption of neodymium, dysprosium, terbium, and praseodymium in final products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hart, Matthew

    This paper develops scenarios of future rare-earth-magnet metal (neodymium, dysprosium, terbium, and praseodymium) consumption in the permanent magnets used in wind turbines and hybrid electric vehicles. The scenarios start with naive base-case scenarios for growth in wind-turbine and hybrid-electric-vehicle sales over the period 2011 to 2020, using historical data for each good. These naive scenarios assume that future growth follows time trends in historical data and does not depend on any exogenous variable. Specifically, growth of each technological market follows historical time trends, and the amount of rare earths used per unit of technology remains fixed. The chosen reference year is 2010. Implied consumptions of the rare earth magnet metals are calculated from these scenarios. Assumptions are made for the material composition of permanent magnets, the market share of permanent-magnet wind turbines and vehicles, and magnet weight per unit of technology. Different scenarios estimate how changes in factors like the material composition of magnets, growth of the economy, and the price of a substitute could affect future consumption. Each scenario presents a different method for reducing rare earth consumption and could be interpreted as potential policy choices. In 2010, the consumption (metric tons, rare-earth-oxide equivalent) of each rare-earth-magnet metal was as follows. Total neodymium consumption in the world for both technologies was 995 tons; dysprosium consumption was 133 tons; terbium consumption was 50 tons; praseodymium consumption was zero tons. The base scenario for wind turbines shows there could be strong, exponential growth in the global wind turbine market. New U.S. sales of hybrid vehicles would decline (in line with the current economic recession) while non-U.S. sales increase through 2020. There would be an overall increase in the total amount of magnetic rare earths consumed in the world. Total consumption of each rare earth in the short

  9. A new fungal isolate, Penidiella sp. strain T9, accumulates the rare earth element dysprosium.

    PubMed

    Horiike, Takumi; Yamashita, Mitsuo

    2015-05-01

    With an aim to develop a highly efficient method for the recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) by using microorganisms, we attempted to isolate dysprosium (Dy)-accumulating microorganisms that grow under acidic conditions from environmental samples containing high concentrations of heavy metals. One acidophilic strain, T9, which was isolated from an abandoned mine, decreased the concentration of Dy in medium that contained 100 mg/liter Dy to 53 mg/liter Dy after 3 days of cultivation at pH 2.5. The Dy content in the cell pellet of the T9 strain was 910 μg/mg of dry cells. The T9 strain also accumulated other REEs. Based on the results of 28S-D1/D2 rRNA gene sequencing and morphological characterization, we designated this fungal strain Penidiella sp. T9. Bioaccumulation of Dy was observed on the cell surface of the T9 strain by elemental mapping using scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Our results indicate that Penidiella sp. T9 has the potential to recover REEs such as Dy from mine drainage and industrial liquid waste under acidic conditions.

  10. Magnetic ordering temperatures in rare earth metal dysprosium under ultrahigh pressures

    SciTech Connect

    Samudrala, Gopi K.; Tsoi, Georgiy M.; Weir, Samuel T.; Vohra, Yogesh K.

    2014-04-03

    Magnetic ordering temperatures in heavy rare earth metal Dysprosium (Dy) have been studied using an ultrasensitive electrical transport measurement technique in a designer diamond anvil cell to extreme conditions of pressure to 69 GPa and temperature to 10 K. Previous studies using magnetic susceptibility measurements at high pressures were only able to track magnetic ordering temperature till 7 GPa in the hexagonal close packed (hcp) phase of Dy. Our studies indicate that the magnetic ordering temperature shows an abrupt drop of 80 K at the hcp-Sm phase transition followed by a gradual decrease that continues till 17 GPa. This is followed by a rapid increase in the magnetic ordering temperatures in the double hexagonal close packed phase and finally leveling off in the distorted face centered cubic phase of Dy. Lastly, our studies reaffirm that 4f-shell remain localized in Dy and there is no loss of magnetic moment or 4f-shell delocalization for pressures up to 69 GPa.

  11. Microwave Synthesis of Chitosan Capped Silver-Dysprosium Bimetallic Nanoparticles: A Potential Nanotheranosis Device.

    PubMed

    Mishra, Sandeep K; Kannan, S

    2016-12-27

    Accurate imaging of the structural and functional state of biological targets is a critical task. To amend paucities associated with individual imaging, there is high interest to develop a multifunctional theranostic devices for cancer diagnosis and therapy. Herein, chitosan coated silver/dysprosium bimetallic nanoparticles (BNPs) were synthesized through a green chemistry route and characterization results inferred that the BNPs are crystalline, spherical, and of size ∼10 nm. High-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirm the reduced metallic states of Ag and Dy in nanoparticles. These BNPs demonstrate high emission in a second near-infrared (NIR-II, 1000-1400 nm) biological window on excitation at 808 nm. Moreover, magnetization and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies perceive the inherent paramagnetic features of Dy component that displays dark T2 contrast and high relaxivity. Due to high X-ray attenuation effect, BNPs exhibit better Hounsfield unit (HU) value than the reported contrast agents. BNPs unveil good biocompatibility and also express sturdy therapeutic effect in HeLa cells when tethered with doxorubicin.

  12. Spectral and physicochemical characterization of dysprosium-based multifunctional ionic liquid crystals.

    PubMed

    Lu, Chengfei; Das, Susmita; Siraj, Noureen; Magut, Paul K S; Li, Min; Warner, Isiah M

    2015-05-21

    We report on the synthesis and characterization of multifunctional ionic liquid crystals (melting points below 100 °C) which possess chirality and fluorescent behavior as well as mesomorphic and magnetic properties. In this regard, (1R,2S)-(-)-N-methylephedrine ((-)MeEph), containing a chiral center, is linked with variable alkyl chain lengths (e.g., 14, 16, and 18 carbons) to yield liquid crystalline properties in the cations of these compounds. A complex counteranion consisting of trivalent dysprosium (Dy(3+)) and thiocyanate ligand (SCN(-)) is employed, where Dy(3+) provides fluorescent and magnetic properties. Examination of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and hot-stage polarizing optical microscopy (POM) data confirmed liquid crystalline characteristics in these materials. We further report on phase transitions from solid to liquid crystal states, followed by isotropic liquid states with increasing temperature. These compounds exhibited two characteristic emission peaks in acetonitrile solution and the solid state when excited at λex = 366 nm, which are attributed to transitions from (4)F9/2 to (6)H15/2 and (4)F9/2 to (6)H13/2. The emission intensities of these compounds were found to be very sensitive to the phase.

  13. New limits on variation of the fine-structure constant using atomic dysprosium.

    PubMed

    Leefer, N; Weber, C T M; Cingöz, A; Torgerson, J R; Budker, D

    2013-08-09

    We report on the spectroscopy of radio-frequency transitions between nearly degenerate, opposite-parity excited states in atomic dysprosium (Dy). Theoretical calculations predict that these states are very sensitive to variation of the fine-structure constant α owing to large relativistic corrections of opposite sign for the opposite-parity levels. The near degeneracy reduces the relative precision necessary to place constraints on variation of α, competitive with results obtained from the best atomic clocks in the world. Additionally, the existence of several abundant isotopes of Dy allows isotopic comparisons that suppress common-mode systematic errors. The frequencies of the 754-MHz transition in 164Dy and 235-MHz transition in 162Dy are measured over the span of two years. The linear variation of α is α·/α=(-5.8±6.9([1σ]))×10(-17)  yr(-1), consistent with zero. The same data are used to constrain the dimensionless parameter kα characterizing a possible coupling of α to a changing gravitational potential. We find that kα=(-5.5±5.2([1σ]))×10(-7), essentially consistent with zero and the best constraint to date.

  14. Paramagnetic dysprosium-doped zinc oxide thin films grown by pulsed-laser deposition

    SciTech Connect

    Lo, Fang-Yuh Ting, Yi-Chieh; Chou, Kai-Chieh; Hsieh, Tsung-Chun; Ye, Cin-Wei; Hsu, Yung-Yuan; Liu, Hsiang-Lin; Chern, Ming-Yau

    2015-06-07

    Dysprosium(Dy)-doped zinc oxide (Dy:ZnO) thin films were fabricated on c-oriented sapphire substrate by pulsed-laser deposition with doping concentration ranging from 1 to 10 at. %. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman-scattering, optical transmission spectroscopy, and spectroscopic ellipsometry revealed incorporation of Dy into ZnO host matrix without secondary phase. Solubility limit of Dy in ZnO under our deposition condition was between 5 and 10 at. % according to XRD and Raman-scattering characteristics. Optical transmission spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry also showed increase in both transmittance in ultraviolet regime and band gap of Dy:ZnO with increasing Dy density. Zinc vacancies and zinc interstitials were identified by photoluminescence spectroscopy as the defects accompanied with Dy incorporation. Magnetic investigations with a superconducting quantum interference device showed paramagnetism without long-range order for all Dy:ZnO thin films, and a hint of antiferromagnetic alignment of Dy impurities was observed at highest doping concentration—indicating the overall contribution of zinc vacancies and zinc interstitials to magnetic interaction was either neutral or toward antiferromagnetic. From our investigations, Dy:ZnO thin films could be useful for spin alignment and magneto-optical applications.

  15. A New Fungal Isolate, Penidiella sp. Strain T9, Accumulates the Rare Earth Element Dysprosium

    PubMed Central

    Horiike, Takumi

    2015-01-01

    With an aim to develop a highly efficient method for the recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) by using microorganisms, we attempted to isolate dysprosium (Dy)-accumulating microorganisms that grow under acidic conditions from environmental samples containing high concentrations of heavy metals. One acidophilic strain, T9, which was isolated from an abandoned mine, decreased the concentration of Dy in medium that contained 100 mg/liter Dy to 53 mg/liter Dy after 3 days of cultivation at pH 2.5. The Dy content in the cell pellet of the T9 strain was 910 μg/mg of dry cells. The T9 strain also accumulated other REEs. Based on the results of 28S-D1/D2 rRNA gene sequencing and morphological characterization, we designated this fungal strain Penidiella sp. T9. Bioaccumulation of Dy was observed on the cell surface of the T9 strain by elemental mapping using scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Our results indicate that Penidiella sp. T9 has the potential to recover REEs such as Dy from mine drainage and industrial liquid waste under acidic conditions. PMID:25710372

  16. Paramagnetic dysprosium-doped zinc oxide thin films grown by pulsed-laser deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lo, Fang-Yuh; Ting, Yi-Chieh; Chou, Kai-Chieh; Hsieh, Tsung-Chun; Ye, Cin-Wei; Hsu, Yung-Yuan; Chern, Ming-Yau; Liu, Hsiang-Lin

    2015-06-01

    Dysprosium(Dy)-doped zinc oxide (Dy:ZnO) thin films were fabricated on c-oriented sapphire substrate by pulsed-laser deposition with doping concentration ranging from 1 to 10 at. %. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman-scattering, optical transmission spectroscopy, and spectroscopic ellipsometry revealed incorporation of Dy into ZnO host matrix without secondary phase. Solubility limit of Dy in ZnO under our deposition condition was between 5 and 10 at. % according to XRD and Raman-scattering characteristics. Optical transmission spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry also showed increase in both transmittance in ultraviolet regime and band gap of Dy:ZnO with increasing Dy density. Zinc vacancies and zinc interstitials were identified by photoluminescence spectroscopy as the defects accompanied with Dy incorporation. Magnetic investigations with a superconducting quantum interference device showed paramagnetism without long-range order for all Dy:ZnO thin films, and a hint of antiferromagnetic alignment of Dy impurities was observed at highest doping concentration—indicating the overall contribution of zinc vacancies and zinc interstitials to magnetic interaction was either neutral or toward antiferromagnetic. From our investigations, Dy:ZnO thin films could be useful for spin alignment and magneto-optical applications.

  17. Optical properties of zinc borotellurite glass doped with trivalent dysprosium ion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ami Hazlin, M. N.; Halimah, M. K.; Muhammad, F. D.; Faznny, M. F.

    2017-04-01

    The zinc borotellurite doped with dysprosium oxide glass samples with chemical formula {[(TeO2) 0 . 7(B2O3) 0 . 3 ] 0 . 7(ZnO) 0 . 3 } 1 - x(Dy2O3)x (where x=0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04 and 0.05 M fraction) were prepared by using conventional melt quenching technique. The structural and optical properties of the proposed glass systems were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and UV-VIS spectroscopy. The amorphous nature of the glass systems is confirmed by using XRD technique. The infrared spectra of the glass systems indicate three obvious absorption bands which are assigned to BO3 and TeO4 vibrational groups. Based on the absorption spectra obtained, the direct and indirect optical band gaps, as well as the Urbach energy were calculated. It is observed that both the direct and indirect optical band gaps increase with the concentration of Dy3+ ions. On the other hand, the Urbach energy is observed to decrease as the concentration of Dy3+ ions increases.

  18. Isolation of 163Ho from dysprosium target material by HPLC for neutrino mass measurements

    DOE PAGES

    Mocko, Veronika; Taylor, Wayne  A.; Nortier, Francois M.; ...

    2015-04-29

    The rare earth isotope 163Ho is of interest for neutrino mass measurements. This report describes the isolation of 163Ho from a proton-irradiated dysprosium target and its purification. A Dy metal target was irradiated with 16 MeV protons for 10 h. After target dissolution, 163Ho was separated from the bulk Dy via cation-exchange high performance liquid chromatography using 70 mmol dm–3 α-hydroxyisobutyric acid as the mobile phase. Subsequent purification of the collected Ho fraction was performed to remove the α-hydroxyisobutyrate chelating agent and to concentrate the Ho in a low ionic strength aqueous matrix. The final solution was characterized by MC-ICP-MSmore » to determine the 163Ho/165Ho ratio, 163Ho and the residual Dy content. The HPLC purification process resulted in a decontamination factor 1.4E5 for Dy. As a result, the isolated Ho fraction contained 24.8 ±1.3 ng of 163Ho corresponding to holmium recovery of 72 ± 3%.« less

  19. Magnetic measurements on single crystals of dysprosium trifluoromethanesulfonate nonahydrate; effects of crystal field perturbed energy levels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neogy, D.; Paul, P.; Chattopadhyay, K. N.; Bisui, D.

    2002-07-01

    Magnetic susceptibility measurements on single crystals of dysprosium trifluoromethanesulfonate (DyTFMS) have been carried out from 300 K down to 13 K. The hexagonal crystal structure of DyTFMS renders the crystal uniaxial with the Kramers ion Dy 3+ occupying a site of C 3h symmetry. The principal magnetic susceptibilities, observed by us and the Friedberg group, over the wide range 300 to ˜1.0 K find an excellent theoretical simulation by the crystal field perturbed J-mixed eigenvectors with due consideration of the intermediate coupling effects. No ordering effects were noticed down to ˜13 K indicating the interionic interaction to be predominantly of the dipolar type which is consistent with the discovery of a ferromagnetic transition at T˜0.111 K by the Friedberg group. The g-values derived from other sources are reasonably accounted for. The thermal behavior of quadrupole splitting and that of electronic and nuclear heat capacities is also worked out.

  20. Thermoluminescence properties of lithium magnesium borate glasses system doped with dysprosium oxide.

    PubMed

    Mhareb, M H A; Hashim, S; Ghoshal, S K; Alajerami, Y S M; Saleh, M A; Razak, N A B; Azizan, S A B

    2015-12-01

    We report the impact of dysprosium (Dy(3+)) dopant and magnesium oxide (MgO) modifier on the thermoluminescent properties of lithium borate (LB) glass via two procedures. The thermoluminescence (TL) glow curves reveal a single prominent peak at 190 °C for 0.5 mol% of Dy(3+). An increase in MgO contents by 10 mol% enhances the TL intensity by a factor of 1.5 times without causing any shift in the maximum temperature. This enhancement is attributed to the occurrence of extra electron traps created via magnesium and the energy transfer to trivalent Dy(3+) ions. Good linearity in the range of 0.01-4 Gy with a linear correlation coefficient of 0.998, fading as low as 21% over a period of 3 months, excellent reproducibility without oven annealing and tissue equivalent effective atomic numbers ~8.71 are achieved. The trap parameters, including geometric factor (μg), activation energy (E) and frequency factor (s) associated with LMB:Dy are also determined. These favorable TL characteristics of prepared glasses may contribute towards the development of Li2O-MgO-B2O3 radiation dosimeters.

  1. Toxicity of dysprosium nano particles with glucose and sodium chloride on E. Coli

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anaya, N. M.; Solomon, F.; Oyanedel-Craver, V.

    2013-12-01

    Application of rare earth elements (REEs) such as, dysprosium nanoparticles (nDy), to the biomedical field are increasing due to their paramagnetic properties. Current applications of nDy in the biomedical field are in MRI screening and anti-cancer therapy. Environmental impacts of nDy released into the environment are unknown or poorly understood and are a concern due to the lack of appropriate recycling systems. The objective of this toxicological study is to assess the impacts of nDy at relevant environmental concentrations on Escherichia coli. A range of glucose concentrations were used to evaluate the impact under different aerobic metabolic stages when the bacteria are exposed to the nanoparticles. Two traditional techniques used to evaluate the physiological response of E. coli at different environmental conditions were dual staining with fluorescent dyes (Live/Dead BacLight viability kit) and respirometric assays. A high-through put array-based methodology was implemented to provide additional toxicity testing. Preliminary toxicology results for both traditional techniques showed a positive trend between nDy and carbon source concentrations. High concentrations of nDy (>5mg/L) in environments with high glucose concentration (>210mg/L) are more toxic to E. coli than environments with low glucose concentrations. On the other hand, Live/Dead experiments showed higher toxicity effect in comparison to the respirometric tests using the same exposure conditions, suggesting that even at high membrane disruption the bacteria can still performed some metabolic activity.

  2. Magnetic ordering temperatures in rare earth metal dysprosium under ultrahigh pressures

    DOE PAGES

    Samudrala, Gopi K.; Tsoi, Georgiy M.; Weir, Samuel T.; ...

    2014-04-03

    Magnetic ordering temperatures in heavy rare earth metal Dysprosium (Dy) have been studied using an ultrasensitive electrical transport measurement technique in a designer diamond anvil cell to extreme conditions of pressure to 69 GPa and temperature to 10 K. Previous studies using magnetic susceptibility measurements at high pressures were only able to track magnetic ordering temperature till 7 GPa in the hexagonal close packed (hcp) phase of Dy. Our studies indicate that the magnetic ordering temperature shows an abrupt drop of 80 K at the hcp-Sm phase transition followed by a gradual decrease that continues till 17 GPa. This ismore » followed by a rapid increase in the magnetic ordering temperatures in the double hexagonal close packed phase and finally leveling off in the distorted face centered cubic phase of Dy. Lastly, our studies reaffirm that 4f-shell remain localized in Dy and there is no loss of magnetic moment or 4f-shell delocalization for pressures up to 69 GPa.« less

  3. A molecular dynamics model of the atomic structure of dysprosium alumino-phosphate glass.

    PubMed

    Martin, Richard A; Mountjoy, Gavin; Newport, Robert J

    2009-02-18

    Molecular dynamics (MD) has been used to identify the relative distribution of dysprosium in the phosphate glass DyAl(0.30)P(3.05)O(9.62). The MD model has been compared directly with experimental data obtained from neutron diffraction to enable a detailed comparison beyond the total structure factor level. The MD simulation gives [Formula: see text] correlations at 3.80(5) and 6.40(5) Å with relative coordination numbers of 0.8(1) and 7.3(5), thus providing evidence of minority rare-earth clustering within these glasses. The nearest neighbour Dy-O peak occurs at 2.30 Å with each Dy atom having on average 5.8 nearest neighbour oxygen atoms. The MD simulation is consistent with the phosphate network model based on interlinked PO(4) tetrahedra where the addition of network modifiers Dy(3+) depolymerizes the phosphate network through the breakage of P-(O)-P bonds whilst leaving the tetrahedral units intact. The role of aluminium within the network has been taken into explicit account, and Al is found to be predominantly (78%) tetrahedrally coordinated. In fact all four Al bonds are found to be to P (via an oxygen atom) with negligible amounts of Al-O-Dy bonds present. This provides an important insight into the role of Al additives in improving the mechanical properties of these glasses.

  4. Simultaneous determination of dysprosium and iron in urine by capillary zone electrophoresis coupled to cloud point extraction.

    PubMed

    Ortega, Claudia; Cerutti, Soledad; Olsina, Roberto A; Martínez, Luis Dante; Silva, María Fernanda

    2004-11-19

    Automated preconcentration strategies are needed when analyzing metals in real samples by capillary electrophoresis (CE) with UV detection. The on-line incorporation of cloud point extraction (CPE) to flow injection analysis (FIA) associated with CE for simultaneously determining dysprosium and iron at ppb levels in urine is presented and evaluated for the first time. The preconcentration step is mediated by micelles of the non-ionic surfactant polyethyleneglycol-mono-p-nonylphenylether (PONPE 7.5) with 2-(5-bromo-2-pyridylazo)-5-diethylaminophenol. The micellar system containing the complex was loaded into the FIA manifold at a flow rate of 8 mlmin(-1), and the surfactant rich-phase was retained in a microcolumn packed with cotton, at pH 9.2. The surfactant-rich phase was eluted with 50 microl acetonitrile directly into the CE sample vial, allowing to reach an enrichment factor of 200-fold for a 10 ml sample urine. The type and composition of the background electrolytes (BGE) were investigated with respect to separation selectivity, reproducibility and stability. A BGE of 20mM sodium tetraborate buffer containing 13% acetonitrile, pH 9.0 was found to be optimal for the separation of metal chelates. Detection was performed at 585 nm. An enhancement factor of 200 was obtained for the preconcentration of 10 ml of sample solution. The detection limits for the preconcentration of 10 ml of urine were 0.20 microgl(-1) for Dy, and. 0.48 microgl(-1) for Fe. The calibration graphs using the preconcentration system were linear with a correlation coefficient of 0.9989 (Dy) and 0.9976 (Fe) at levels near the detection limits up to at least 500 microgl(-1). The method was successfully applied to the determination of dysprosium and iron in urine for monitoring the elimination of dysprosium-based pharmaceuticals.

  5. FTIR study of matrix-isolated halides of dysprosium and thulium and their gaseous heterocomplexes with alkali halides

    SciTech Connect

    Feltrin, A.; Cesaro, S.N.

    1996-06-01

    Vibrational spectra of dysprosium and thulium chlorides, bromides, and iodides isolated in argon have been studied for the first time. The appearance of a single band, even in heavy deposits, suggested a planar geometry for all the samples examined. The complexity of Dy and Tm chlorides spectra, partly because of isotopic patterns, required a reinvestigation of NdCl{sub 3} isolated in argon and have been explained by comparison. Vapors in equilibrium over heated equimolar mixtures of a number of Dy, Tm, and Nd halides with alkali halides trapped in argon have been also investigated. FTIR measurements gave experimental evidence for the formation of gaseous heterocomplexes whose geometry is discussed.

  6. 40 CFR 98.166 - Data reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... production process unit: (1) Unit identification number and annual CO2 emissions. (2) Monthly consumption of... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.166 Data reporting requirements. In... produced (metric tons) for each process unit and for all units combined. (3) Annual quantity of...

  7. 40 CFR 98.166 - Data reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... report the following information for each hydrogen production process unit: (1) Unit identification... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.166 Data reporting requirements. In... process emissions. (2) Annual quantity of hydrogen produced (metric tons) for each process unit and...

  8. 40 CFR 98.166 - Data reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.166 Data reporting requirements. In... paragraph (a): (1) Unit identification number and annual CO2 emissions. (2) Annual quantity of hydrogen... the following information for each hydrogen production process unit: (1) Unit identification...

  9. 40 CFR 98.166 - Data reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.166 Data reporting requirements. In... paragraph (a): (1) Unit identification number and annual CO2 emissions. (2) Annual quantity of hydrogen... not used to measure CO2 emissions, then you must report the following information for each...

  10. 40 CFR 98.166 - Data reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Hydrogen Production § 98.166 Data reporting requirements. In... paragraph (a): (1) Unit identification number and annual CO2 emissions. (2) Annual quantity of hydrogen... not used to measure CO2 emissions, then you must report the following information for each...

  11. 9 CFR 166.1 - Definitions in alphabetical order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.1 Definitions... by definitions in a standard dictionary. Act. The Swine Health Protection Act (Pub. L. 96-468) as... cooked as a food for swine and which are fenced in or otherwise constructed so that swine are unable...

  12. 9 CFR 166.1 - Definitions in alphabetical order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.1 Definitions... by definitions in a standard dictionary. Act. The Swine Health Protection Act (Pub. L. 96-468) as... cooked as a food for swine and which are fenced in or otherwise constructed so that swine are unable...

  13. 40 CFR 166.28 - Duration of exemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... exemptions. EPA shall allow use of a pesticide under a specific or public health exemption for as long a... 166.28 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS...

  14. 32 CFR 644.166 - Authority and applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....166 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Acquisition Procurement of Options Prior to Real Estate Directives (military... parcel of real property before or after its acquisition is authorized by law, if he considers it...

  15. 40 CFR 417.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Manufacture of Liquid Detergents Subcategory § 417.166 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new source subject to this... standard shall be: (1) For normal liquid detergent operations the following values pertain: Pollutant...

  16. 40 CFR 417.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Manufacture of Liquid Detergents Subcategory § 417.166 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new source subject to this... standard shall be: (1) For normal liquid detergent operations the following values pertain: Pollutant...

  17. 40 CFR 417.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Manufacture of Liquid Detergents Subcategory § 417.166 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new source subject to this... standard shall be: (1) For normal liquid detergent operations the following values pertain: Pollutant...

  18. 40 CFR 417.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Manufacture of Liquid Detergents Subcategory § 417.166 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new source subject to this... standard shall be: (1) For normal liquid detergent operations the following values pertain: Pollutant...

  19. 40 CFR 417.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Manufacture of Liquid Detergents Subcategory § 417.166 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new source subject to this... standard shall be: (1) For normal liquid detergent operations the following values pertain: Pollutant...

  20. 166. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    166. Photocopy of measured drawing (from National Record Center, Suitland, Maryland, R.G. 121-76-301, Box 85, No. DC 0020 ZZ 146) Wellborn Smith, delineator 1 May 1935 EXTERIOR, NORTH ELEVATION, DETAIL OF BRONZE RAILING (ELEVATION) - U.S. Department of the Interior, Eighteenth & C Streets Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  1. 9 CFR 166.1 - Definitions in alphabetical order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.1 Definitions... United States Department of Agriculture. Animals. All domesticated and wild mammalian, poultry, and fish.... Inspector. Any individual employed by the United States Department of Agriculture or by a State for...

  2. 7 CFR 400.166 - Obligations of the Corporation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Obligations of the Corporation. 400.166 Section 400... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Reinsurance Agreement-Standards for... Corporation. The Agreement will include the following among the obligations of the Corporation. (a)...

  3. 17 CFR 166.2 - Authorization to trade.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Section 166.2 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION CUSTOMER PROTECTION... commodity interest for the account of any customer unless before the transaction the customer, or person designated by the customer to control the account: (a) With respect to any commodity interest as defined...

  4. Dietary inulin intake and age can significantly affect absorption of the faecal marker dysprosium in rats.

    PubMed

    Coudray, Charles; Feillet-Coudray, Christine; Rayssiguier, Yves

    2006-02-01

    It is believed that rare earth elements are not absorbed, and thus they are generally used in some mineral absorption studies as a faecal marker. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of inulin intake and age on dysprosium (Dy) absorption in rats. Eighty male Wistar rats of four different ages (2, 5, 10 and 20 months) were randomised into either a control group or a group receiving 3.75 % inulin in their diet for 4 d and then 7.5 % inulin until the end of the study. The animals were fed fresh food and water ad libitum for 30 d. The intestinal absorption of Dy was determined from a 4 d (day 21 to day 25) balance study. Mean faecal Dy recovery (%) in the eight groups (3 months control, 3 months inulin, 6 months control, 6 months inulin, 11 months control, 11 months inulin, 21 months control, 21 months inulin) was 94.0 (sd 8.6), 64.8 (sd 10.1), 95.8 (sd 9.4), 81.5 (sd 12.1), 98.4 (sd 9.8), 87.8 (sd 9.5), 97.8 (sd 6.2) and 84.9 (sd 10.9), respectively. Our results showed clearly that dietary inulin intake decreased faecal Dy recovery in all four rat groups, and faecal Dy recovery was significantly higher in the old rats (10 and 20 months) than in the young and adult rats. These results show that the faecal recovery (or intestinal absorption) of Dy may vary greatly with nutritional or physiological states such as inulin intake or age. The use of rare earth elements as a faecal marker should be thus validated under each nutritional or physiological state before being employed in mineral absorption studies.

  5. Luminescence properties of dysprosium doped di-calcium di-aluminium silicate phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tiwari, Geetanjali; Brahme, Nameeta; Sharma, Ravi; Bisen, D. P.; Sao, Sanjay K.; Tigga, Shalinta

    2016-08-01

    A Dysprosium doped di-calcium di-aluminium silicate phosphor emitting long-lasting white light was prepared and investigated. Phosphors were synthesized by combustion-assisted method. The effect of doping concentration on the crystal structure and luminescence properties of Ca2Al2SiO7:Dy3+ phosphors were investigated. The phase structure, surface morphology, particle size, elemental analysis was analyzed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) techniques. X-ray diffraction (XRD) profiles showed that all peaks could be attributed to the tetragonal Ca2Al2SiO7 phase when the sample was annealed at 1100 °C. The increase in TL intensity indicates that the concentration of traps increases with UV irradiation. Under the UV-excitation, the Thermoluminescence (TL) emission spectra of Ca2Al2SiO7:Dy3+ phosphor shows the characteristic emission of Dy3+ peaking at 484 nm (blue), 583 nm (yellow) and 680 nm (red), originating from the transitions of 4F9/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H11/2. Photoluminescence (PL) decay has also reported and it indicates that Ca2Al2SiO7:Dy3+ phosphor contains fast decay and slow decay process. The peak of Mechanoluminescence (ML) intensity increases linearly with increasing impact velocity of the moving piston. The possible mechanism of Thermoluminescence (TL), Photoluminescence (PL) and Mechanoluminescence (ML) of this white light emitting long lasting phosphor is also investigated.

  6. Preparation and study of an f,f,f',f'' covalently linked tetranuclear hetero-trimetallic complex - a europium, terbium, dysprosium triad.

    PubMed

    Sørensen, Thomas Just; Tropiano, Manuel; Blackburn, Octavia A; Tilney, James A; Kenwright, Alan M; Faulkner, Stephen

    2013-01-28

    A heterotrimetallic tetranuclear lanthanide complex containing two dysprosium ions, a terbium ion and a europium ion has been prepared by coupling three kinetically stable complexes together using the Ugi reaction. The covalently linked trimetallic system exhibits luminescence from all the different lanthanide centres.

  7. A water-stable metal-organic framework of a zwitterionic carboxylate with dysprosium: a sensing platform for Ebolavirus RNA sequences.

    PubMed

    Qin, Liang; Lin, Li-Xian; Fang, Zhi-Ping; Yang, Shui-Ping; Qiu, Gui-Hua; Chen, Jin-Xiang; Chen, Wen-Hua

    2016-01-04

    We herein report a water-stable 3D dysprosium-based metal-organic framework (MOF) that can non-covalently interact with probe ss-DNA. The formed system can serve as an effective fluorescence sensing platform for the detection of complementary Ebolavirus RNA sequences with the detection limit of 160 pM.

  8. Dysprosium compounds studied by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering and high-resolution X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Zhou, K J; Cui, M Q; Hua, W; Ma, C Y; Zhao, Y D; Huang, Y Y; He, W; Wu, Z Y

    2008-11-15

    A set of resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) studies focusing on the 2p64f(n)-->2p54f(n)5d1(2p54f(n+1)5d0)-->2p63d94f(n)5d1(2p63d94f(n+1)5d0) channel of dysprosium in Dy metal, Dy2O3, DyNi3 and Dy25Fe18 compounds have been carried out. Data showed with high statistics and resolution, the different delocalization degree of the 5d band of dysprosium in these compounds, e.g., decreasing from Dy metal to DyNi3, Dy25Fe18 and to dysprosium oxide, in agreement with the high-resolution XANES (HRXANES) spectra. Band structure calculations performed on Dy metal and Dy2O3 confirm both RIXS and HRXANES results in the increasing delocalization of the dysprosium 5d band in Dy metal with respect to Dy2O3. The 5d orbital occupancies of DyNi3 and Dy25Fe18 alloys have been also studied by comparison of the HRXANES white line (WL) area with the behavior of the final states energy position in RIXS spectra and we show that DyNi3 has a higher 5d orbital occupancy than Dy25Fe18.

  9. Optical trapping of ultracold dysprosium atoms: transition probabilities, dynamic dipole polarizabilities and van der Waals C 6 coefficients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, H.; Wyart, J.-F.; Dulieu, O.; Nascimbène, S.; Lepers, M.

    2017-01-01

    The efficiency of the optical trapping of ultracold atoms depends on the atomic dynamic dipole polarizability governing the atom-field interaction. In this article, we have calculated the real and imaginary parts of the dynamic dipole polarizability of dysprosium in the ground and first excited levels. Due to the high electronic angular momentum of those two states, the polarizabilities possess scalar, vector and tensor contributions that we have computed, on a wide range of trapping wavelengths, using the sum-over-state formula. Using the same formalism, we have also calculated the C 6 coefficients characterizing the van der Waals interaction between two dysprosium atoms in the two lowest levels. We have computed the energies of excited states and the transition probabilities appearing in the sums, using a combination of ab initio and least-square-fitting techniques provided by the Cowan codes and extended in our group. Regarding the real part of the polarizability, for field frequencies far from atomic resonances, the vector and tensor contributions are two-orders-of-magnitude smaller than the scalar contribution, whereas for the imaginary part, the vector and tensor contributions represent a noticeable fraction of the scalar contribution. Finally, our anisotropic C 6 coefficients are much smaller than those published in the literature.

  10. Radioisotope synoviorthesis with Holmium-166-chitosan complex in haemophilic arthropathy.

    PubMed

    Cho, Y J; Kim, K I; Chun, Y S; Rhyu, K H; Kwon, B K; Kim, D Y; Yoo, M C

    2010-07-01

    Radiosynoviorthesis is a safe and easy method for synovectomy in haemophilic arthropathy. Various agents have been used in radiosynoviorthesis, especially newly developed agent Holmium-166-chitosan complex has good clinical outcome. This study analysed clinical results and radiologic evaluation of radioisotope synoviorthesis using Holmium-166-chitosan complex in haemophilic arthropathy. From March 2001 to December 2003, 58 radiosynoviorthesis were performed in 53 haemophiliacs. The average age at procedure was 13.8 years. The Arnold and Hilgartner stage of the patients was from I to IV. Holmium-166-chitosan complex was injected in 31 ankle joints, 19 elbow joints and 8 knee joints. Average follow-up was 33 months since primary procedure. The range of motion of each joint, frequency of intra-articular bleeding and factor dose used were analysed for clinical assessment. There was no significant improvement of range of motion in affected joints. After procedure, the average frequency of bleeding of the elbow joint has decreased from 3.76 to 0.47 times per month, the knee joint from 5.87 to 1.12 times per month, and the ankle joint from 3.62 to 0.73 times per month respectively (P < 0.05). After treatment, the average coagulation factor dose injected was significantly decreased to 779.3 units per month from 2814.8 units per month before treatment (P < 0.001). Radioisotope synoviorthesis with Holmium-166-chitosan complex in haemophilic arthropathy is a very safe and simple procedure with the expectation of a satisfactory outcome without serious complication. It has excellent bleeding control effect on target joint and the need for substitution of coagulation factor concentrate can be reduced.

  11. 25 CFR 166.300 - How is Indian agricultural land managed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How is Indian agricultural land managed? 166.300 Section 166.300 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.300 How is Indian agricultural land managed? Tribes,...

  12. 25 CFR 166.601 - How is the amount of the bond determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How is the amount of the bond determined? 166.601 Section 166.601 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.601 How is the amount of the bond determined? (a) The amount...

  13. 25 CFR 166.602 - What form of bonds will the BIA accept?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What form of bonds will the BIA accept? 166.602 Section 166.602 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.602 What form of bonds will the BIA accept? (a) We will...

  14. 25 CFR 166.606 - What happens to a bond if a violation occurs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What happens to a bond if a violation occurs? 166.606 Section 166.606 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.606 What happens to a bond if a violation occurs? We...

  15. 25 CFR 166.600 - Must a permittee provide a bond for a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Must a permittee provide a bond for a permit? 166.600 Section 166.600 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.600 Must a permittee provide a bond for a permit? Yes....

  16. 25 CFR 166.603 - If cash is submitted as a bond, how is it administered?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false If cash is submitted as a bond, how is it administered? 166.603 Section 166.603 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.603 If cash is submitted as a bond, how is...

  17. 25 CFR 166.604 - Is interest paid on a cash performance bond?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Is interest paid on a cash performance bond? 166.604 Section 166.604 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.604 Is interest paid on a cash performance bond?...

  18. 25 CFR 166.302 - How is a range unit created?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How is a range unit created? 166.302 Section 166.302 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.302 How is a range unit created? We create a range unit after we consult with...

  19. 25 CFR 166.302 - How is a range unit created?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How is a range unit created? 166.302 Section 166.302 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.302 How is a range unit created? We create a range unit after we consult with...

  20. 25 CFR 166.302 - How is a range unit created?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How is a range unit created? 166.302 Section 166.302 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.302 How is a range unit created? We create a range unit after we consult with...

  1. 25 CFR 166.302 - How is a range unit created?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true How is a range unit created? 166.302 Section 166.302 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.302 How is a range unit created? We create a range unit after we consult with...

  2. 40 CFR 166.50 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for crisis exemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements for crisis exemption. 166.50 Section 166.50 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Crisis Exemptions § 166.50 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for crisis... a crisis exemption must be immediately reported to the Agency. (b) Final reports. (1) A...

  3. 25 CFR 166.608 - What types of insurance may be required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What types of insurance may be required? 166.608 Section 166.608 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.608 What types of insurance may be required? We may...

  4. 25 CFR 166.608 - What types of insurance may be required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What types of insurance may be required? 166.608 Section 166.608 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.608 What types of insurance may be required? We may...

  5. 25 CFR 166.608 - What types of insurance may be required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What types of insurance may be required? 166.608 Section 166.608 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.608 What types of insurance may be required? We may...

  6. 25 CFR 166.608 - What types of insurance may be required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What types of insurance may be required? 166.608 Section 166.608 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.608 What types of insurance may be required? We may...

  7. 25 CFR 166.608 - What types of insurance may be required?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What types of insurance may be required? 166.608 Section 166.608 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.608 What types of insurance may be required? We may...

  8. 46 CFR 166.05 - Course of study for deck students.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Course of study for deck students. 166.05 Section 166.05... OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.05 Course of study for deck students. The course of study for deck students shall include (a) all the instructions in the rudiments of seamanship and navigation necessary...

  9. 40 CFR 166.24 - Public notice of receipt of application and opportunity for public comment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Public notice of receipt of application and opportunity for public comment. 166.24 Section 166.24 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.24...

  10. 40 CFR 166.34 - EPA review of information obtained in connection with emergency exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false EPA review of information obtained in connection with emergency exemptions. 166.34 Section 166.34 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.34 EPA...

  11. 40 CFR 166.32 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions. 166.32 Section 166.32 Protection of... AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.32 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public...

  12. 40 CFR 166.32 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions. 166.32 Section 166.32 Protection of... AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.32 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public...

  13. 40 CFR 166.32 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions. 166.32 Section 166.32 Protection of... AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.32 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public...

  14. 40 CFR 166.32 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions. 166.32 Section 166.32 Protection of... AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.32 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public...

  15. 40 CFR 166.32 - Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... requirements for specific, quarantine, and public health exemptions. 166.32 Section 166.32 Protection of... AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Specific, Quarantine, and Public Health Exemptions § 166.32 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for specific, quarantine, and public...

  16. 25 CFR 166.409 - How is my grazing rental payment determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How is my grazing rental payment determined? 166.409 Section 166.409 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.409 How is...

  17. 25 CFR 166.413 - To whom are grazing rental payments made?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false To whom are grazing rental payments made? 166.413 Section 166.413 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.413 To whom are...

  18. 25 CFR 166.410 - When are grazing rental payments due?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When are grazing rental payments due? 166.410 Section 166.410 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.410 When are...

  19. 25 CFR 166.418 - When is a grazing rental payment late?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When is a grazing rental payment late? 166.418 Section 166.418 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.418 When is a...

  20. 25 CFR 166.409 - How is my grazing rental payment determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How is my grazing rental payment determined? 166.409 Section 166.409 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.409 How is...

  1. 25 CFR 166.410 - When are grazing rental payments due?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When are grazing rental payments due? 166.410 Section 166.410 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.410 When are...

  2. 25 CFR 166.306 - Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? 166.306 Section 166.306 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.306 Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? Yes. In...

  3. 25 CFR 166.215 - How can I find Indian land available for grazing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How can I find Indian land available for grazing? 166.215 Section 166.215 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements Obtaining A Permit § 166.215 How can I find Indian land available for...

  4. 25 CFR 166.413 - To whom are grazing rental payments made?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false To whom are grazing rental payments made? 166.413 Section 166.413 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.413 To whom are...

  5. 25 CFR 166.215 - How can I find Indian land available for grazing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How can I find Indian land available for grazing? 166.215 Section 166.215 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements Obtaining A Permit § 166.215 How can I find Indian land available for...

  6. 25 CFR 166.418 - When is a grazing rental payment late?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When is a grazing rental payment late? 166.418 Section 166.418 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.418 When is a...

  7. Phylogenetic analysis reveals conservation and diversification of micro RNA166 genes among diverse plant species.

    PubMed

    Barik, Suvakanta; SarkarDas, Shabari; Singh, Archita; Gautam, Vibhav; Kumar, Pramod; Majee, Manoj; Sarkar, Ananda K

    2014-01-01

    Similar to the majority of the microRNAs, mature miR166s are derived from multiple members of MIR166 genes (precursors) and regulate various aspects of plant development by negatively regulating their target genes (Class III HD-ZIP). The evolutionary conservation or functional diversification of miRNA166 family members remains elusive. Here, we show the phylogenetic relationships among MIR166 precursor and mature sequences from three diverse model plant species. Despite strong conservation, some mature miR166 sequences, such as ppt-miR166m, have undergone sequence variation. Critical sequence variation in ppt-miR166m has led to functional diversification, as it targets non-HD-ZIPIII gene transcript (s). MIR166 precursor sequences have diverged in a lineage specific manner, and both precursors and mature osa-miR166i/j are highly conserved. Interestingly, polycistronic MIR166s were present in Physcomitrella and Oryza but not in Arabidopsis. The nature of cis-regulatory motifs on the upstream promoter sequences of MIR166 genes indicates their possible contribution to the functional variation observed among miR166 species.

  8. Site-directed mutagenesis of beta-lactamase I: role of Glu-166.

    PubMed

    Leung, Y C; Robinson, C V; Aplin, R T; Waley, S G

    1994-05-01

    Two Glu-166 mutants of beta-lactamase I from Bacillus cereus 569/H were constructed: one with a lengthened side chain (E166Cmc, the S-carboxymethylcysteine mutant) and the other with the side chain shortened and made non-polar (E166A). Their kinetic properties were studied and compared with those of the wild-type and the E166D mutant (with a shortened side chain) previously made by Gibson, Christensen and Waley (1990) (Biochem. J. 272, 613-619). Surprisingly, with good penicillin substrates, Km, kcat. and kcat./Km of the two conservative mutants (E166Cmc and E166D) are similar to those of the non-conservative mutant E166A. Their kcat. values are 3000-fold lower than that of the wild-type enzyme, showing that Glu-166 is a very important residue. The acylenzyme intermediate of E166A and a good substrate, penicillin V, was trapped by acid-quench and observed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, suggesting that Glu-166 is more important in catalysing the deacylation step than the acylation step. The beta-lactamase I E166A mutant is about 200-fold more active than the Bacillus licheniformis E166A mutant with nitrocefin or 6 beta-furylacryloyl-amidopenicillanic acid as substrate. This suggested that other groups in the active site of the beta-lactamase I mutant may activate the catalytic water molecule for deacylation.

  9. Site-directed mutagenesis of beta-lactamase I: role of Glu-166.

    PubMed Central

    Leung, Y C; Robinson, C V; Aplin, R T; Waley, S G

    1994-01-01

    Two Glu-166 mutants of beta-lactamase I from Bacillus cereus 569/H were constructed: one with a lengthened side chain (E166Cmc, the S-carboxymethylcysteine mutant) and the other with the side chain shortened and made non-polar (E166A). Their kinetic properties were studied and compared with those of the wild-type and the E166D mutant (with a shortened side chain) previously made by Gibson, Christensen and Waley (1990) (Biochem. J. 272, 613-619). Surprisingly, with good penicillin substrates, Km, kcat. and kcat./Km of the two conservative mutants (E166Cmc and E166D) are similar to those of the non-conservative mutant E166A. Their kcat. values are 3000-fold lower than that of the wild-type enzyme, showing that Glu-166 is a very important residue. The acylenzyme intermediate of E166A and a good substrate, penicillin V, was trapped by acid-quench and observed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, suggesting that Glu-166 is more important in catalysing the deacylation step than the acylation step. The beta-lactamase I E166A mutant is about 200-fold more active than the Bacillus licheniformis E166A mutant with nitrocefin or 6 beta-furylacryloyl-amidopenicillanic acid as substrate. This suggested that other groups in the active site of the beta-lactamase I mutant may activate the catalytic water molecule for deacylation. PMID:7910734

  10. 33 CFR 165.166 - Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Fireworks, East River, NY. 165.166 Section 165.166 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.166 Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY. (a) Regulated area. The following area...) in length, carrying persons for the purpose of viewing the fireworks, may take position in an...

  11. 33 CFR 165.166 - Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Fireworks, East River, NY. 165.166 Section 165.166 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.166 Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY. (a) Regulated area. The following area...) in length, carrying persons for the purpose of viewing the fireworks, may take position in an...

  12. 33 CFR 165.166 - Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Fireworks, East River, NY. 165.166 Section 165.166 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.166 Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY. (a) Regulated area. The following area...) in length, carrying persons for the purpose of viewing the fireworks, may take position in an...

  13. 33 CFR 165.166 - Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Fireworks, East River, NY. 165.166 Section 165.166 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.166 Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY. (a) Regulated area. The following area...) in length, carrying persons for the purpose of viewing the fireworks, may take position in an...

  14. 33 CFR 165.166 - Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Fireworks, East River, NY. 165.166 Section 165.166 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.166 Safety Zone: Macy's July 4th Fireworks, East River, NY. (a) Regulated area. The following area...) in length, carrying persons for the purpose of viewing the fireworks, may take position in an...

  15. 25 CFR 166.601 - How is the amount of the bond determined?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How is the amount of the bond determined? 166.601 Section 166.601 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Bonding and Insurance Requirements § 166.601 How is the amount of the bond determined? (a) The amount...

  16. 25 CFR 166.102 - Do tribal laws apply to permits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Do tribal laws apply to permits? 166.102 Section 166.102 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.102 Do tribal laws apply to permits? Tribal laws will...

  17. 25 CFR 166.102 - Do tribal laws apply to permits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Do tribal laws apply to permits? 166.102 Section 166.102 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.102 Do tribal laws apply to permits? Tribal laws will...

  18. 25 CFR 166.102 - Do tribal laws apply to permits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Do tribal laws apply to permits? 166.102 Section 166.102 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.102 Do tribal laws apply to permits? Tribal laws will...

  19. 25 CFR 166.102 - Do tribal laws apply to permits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Do tribal laws apply to permits? 166.102 Section 166.102 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.102 Do tribal laws apply to permits? Tribal laws will...

  20. 33 CFR 166.400 - Areas along the coast of Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Areas along the coast of Alaska. 166.400 Section 166.400 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.400 Areas along the coast of Alaska. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this...

  1. 33 CFR 166.400 - Areas along the coast of Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Areas along the coast of Alaska. 166.400 Section 166.400 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.400 Areas along the coast of Alaska. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this...

  2. 33 CFR 166.400 - Areas along the coast of Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Areas along the coast of Alaska. 166.400 Section 166.400 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.400 Areas along the coast of Alaska. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this...

  3. 33 CFR 166.300 - Areas along the coast of California.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Areas along the coast of California. 166.300 Section 166.300 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Fairway Anchorages § 166.300 Areas along the coast of California. (a) Purpose. Fairways as described...

  4. 33 CFR 166.300 - Areas along the coast of California.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Areas along the coast of California. 166.300 Section 166.300 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Fairway Anchorages § 166.300 Areas along the coast of California. (a) Purpose. Fairways as described...

  5. 33 CFR 166.300 - Areas along the coast of California.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Areas along the coast of California. 166.300 Section 166.300 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Fairway Anchorages § 166.300 Areas along the coast of California. (a) Purpose. Fairways as described...

  6. 33 CFR 166.300 - Areas along the coast of California.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Areas along the coast of California. 166.300 Section 166.300 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Fairway Anchorages § 166.300 Areas along the coast of California. (a) Purpose. Fairways as described...

  7. 33 CFR 166.400 - Areas along the coast of Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Areas along the coast of Alaska. 166.400 Section 166.400 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.400 Areas along the coast of Alaska. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this...

  8. 33 CFR 166.400 - Areas along the coast of Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Areas along the coast of Alaska. 166.400 Section 166.400 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Anchorages § 166.400 Areas along the coast of Alaska. (a) Purpose. Fairways, as described in this...

  9. 33 CFR 166.300 - Areas along the coast of California.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Areas along the coast of California. 166.300 Section 166.300 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Fairway Anchorages § 166.300 Areas along the coast of California. (a) Purpose. Fairways as described...

  10. 25 CFR 166.301 - How is Indian land for grazing purposes described?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How is Indian land for grazing purposes described? 166.301 Section 166.301 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.301 How is Indian land for grazing purposes...

  11. 25 CFR 166.304 - Can there be more than one permit for each range unit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can there be more than one permit for each range unit? 166.304 Section 166.304 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.304 Can there be more than one permit for each...

  12. 25 CFR 166.300 - How is Indian agricultural land managed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How is Indian agricultural land managed? 166.300 Section 166.300 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.300 How is Indian agricultural land managed? Tribes,...

  13. 25 CFR 166.302 - How is a range unit created?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How is a range unit created? 166.302 Section 166.302 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.302 How is a range unit created? We create a range unit after we consult with...

  14. 25 CFR 166.306 - Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? 166.306 Section 166.306 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.306 Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? Yes. In...

  15. White light emission of dysprosium doped lanthanum calcium phosphate oxide and oxyfluoride glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luewarasirikul, N.; Kim, H. J.; Meejitpaisan, P.; Kaewkhao, J.

    2017-04-01

    Lanthanum calcium phosphate oxide and oxyfluoride glasses doped with dysprosium oxide were prepared by melt-quenching technique with chemical composition 20La2O3:10CaO:69P2O5:1Dy2O3 and 20La2O3:10CaF2:69P2O5:1Dy2O3. The physical, optical and luminescence properties of the glass samples were studied to evaluate their potential to using as luminescence materials for solid-state lighting applications. The density, molar volume and refractive index of the glass samples were carried out. The optical and luminescence properties were studied by investigating absorption, excitation, and emission spectra of the glass samples. The absorption spectra were investigated in the UV-Vis-NIR region from 300 to 2000 nm. The excitation spectra observed under 574 nm emission wavelength showed the highest peak centered at 349 nm (6H15/2 → 6P7/2). The emission spectra, excited with 349 nm excitation wavelength showed two major peaks corresponding to 482 nm blue emission (4F9/2 → 6H15/2) and 574 nm yellow emission (4F9/2 → 6H13/2). The experimental lifetime were found to be 0.539 and 0.540 for oxide and oxyfluoride glass sample, respectively. The x,y color coordinates under 349 nm excitation wavelength were (0.38, 0.43) for both glass samples, that be plotted in white region of CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram. The CCT values obtained from the glass samples are 4204 K for oxide glass and 4228 K for oxyfluoride glass corresponding to the commercial cool white light (3100-4500 K). Judd-Ofelt theory had also been employed to obtain the J-O parameters (Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6), oscillator strength, radiative transition possibility, stimulated emission cross section and branching ratio. The Ω2 > Ω4 > Ω6 trend of J-O parameters of both glass samples may indicate the good quality of a glass host for using as optical device application. Temperature dependence of emission spectra was studied from 300 K to 10 K and found that the intensity of the emission peak was found to be increased with

  16. Acute dysprosium toxicity to Daphnia pulex and Hyalella azteca and development of the biotic ligand approach.

    PubMed

    Vukov, Oliver; Smith, D Scott; McGeer, James C

    2016-01-01

    The toxicological understanding of rare earth elements (REEs) in the aquatic environment is very limited but of increasing concern. The objective of this research is to compare the toxicological effect of the REE dysprosium to the freshwater invertebrates Daphnia pulex and Hyalella azteca and in the more sensitive organism, understand the toxicity modifying influence of Ca, Na, Mg, pH and dissolved organic matter (DOM). Standard methods (Environment Canada) were followed for testing and culture in media of intermediate hardness (60mg CaCO3 mg/L) at pH 7.8 with Ca at 0.5, Na 0.5, Mg 0.125 (mM) and 23°C. Acute toxicity tests were done with <24h old neonates for 48h in the case of D. pulex and with 2-9 days old offspring for 96h tests with Hyalella. The potential protective effect of cationic competition was tested with Ca (0.5-2.0mM), Na (0.5-2.0mM) and Mg (0.125-0.5mM). The effect of pH (6.5-8.0) and Suwannee River DOM complexation (at dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations of 9 and 13mg C/L) were evaluated. Dissolved Dy concentrations were lower than total (unfiltered) indicating precipitation, particularly at higher concentrations. Acute toxicity of Dy to H. azteca and D. pulex revealed Hyalella to be 1.4 times more sensitive than Daphnia. Additions of Ca and Na but not Mg provided significant protection against Dy toxicity to Hyalella. Similarly, low pH was associated with reduction in toxicity. Exposures which were pH buffered with and without MOPS were significantly different and indicated that MOPS enhanced Dy toxicity. DOM also mitigated Dy toxicity. Biotic ligand based parameters (LogK values) were calculated based on free ion relationships as determined by geochemical equilibrium modeling software (WHAM ver. 7.02). The logK value for Dy(3+) toxicity to Hyalella was 7.75 while the protective influence of Ca and Na were 3.95 and 4.10, respectively. This study contributes data towards the development of site specific water quality guidelines and

  17. Quantitative Monte Carlo-based holmium-166 SPECT reconstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Elschot, Mattijs; Smits, Maarten L. J.; Nijsen, Johannes F. W.; Lam, Marnix G. E. H.; Zonnenberg, Bernard A.; Bosch, Maurice A. A. J. van den; Jong, Hugo W. A. M. de; Viergever, Max A.

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: Quantitative imaging of the radionuclide distribution is of increasing interest for microsphere radioembolization (RE) of liver malignancies, to aid treatment planning and dosimetry. For this purpose, holmium-166 ({sup 166}Ho) microspheres have been developed, which can be visualized with a gamma camera. The objective of this work is to develop and evaluate a new reconstruction method for quantitative {sup 166}Ho SPECT, including Monte Carlo-based modeling of photon contributions from the full energy spectrum.Methods: A fast Monte Carlo (MC) simulator was developed for simulation of {sup 166}Ho projection images and incorporated in a statistical reconstruction algorithm (SPECT-fMC). Photon scatter and attenuation for all photons sampled from the full {sup 166}Ho energy spectrum were modeled during reconstruction by Monte Carlo simulations. The energy- and distance-dependent collimator-detector response was modeled using precalculated convolution kernels. Phantom experiments were performed to quantitatively evaluate image contrast, image noise, count errors, and activity recovery coefficients (ARCs) of SPECT-fMC in comparison with those of an energy window-based method for correction of down-scattered high-energy photons (SPECT-DSW) and a previously presented hybrid method that combines MC simulation of photopeak scatter with energy window-based estimation of down-scattered high-energy contributions (SPECT-ppMC+DSW). Additionally, the impact of SPECT-fMC on whole-body recovered activities (A{sup est}) and estimated radiation absorbed doses was evaluated using clinical SPECT data of six {sup 166}Ho RE patients.Results: At the same noise level, SPECT-fMC images showed substantially higher contrast than SPECT-DSW and SPECT-ppMC+DSW in spheres ≥17 mm in diameter. The count error was reduced from 29% (SPECT-DSW) and 25% (SPECT-ppMC+DSW) to 12% (SPECT-fMC). ARCs in five spherical volumes of 1.96–106.21 ml were improved from 32%–63% (SPECT-DSW) and 50%–80

  18. Dysprosium complexes with mono-/di-carboxylate ligands—From simple dimers to 2D and 3D frameworks

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Yingjie; Bhadbhade, Mohan; Scales, Nicholas; Karatchevtseva, Inna; Price, Jason R.; Lu, Kim; Lumpkin, Gregory R.

    2014-11-15

    Four dysprosium (Dy) single carboxylates, a formate, a propionate, a butyrate and an oxalate have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The structure of Dy(HCO{sub 2}){sub 3} (1) contains nine-fold coordinated Dy polyhedra in perfect tricapped trigonal prisms. They are linked through trigonal O atoms forming 1D pillars which are further linked together through tricapped O atoms into a 3D pillared metal organic framework. The network structure is stable up to 360 °C. The structure of [Dy{sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]·2.5H{sub 2}O (2) contains nine-fold coordinated Dy polyhedra linking together through μ{sub 2}-bridging oxalate anions into a 2D hexagonal layered structure. Both [Dy{sub 2}(Pr){sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]·(HPr){sub 0.5} (3) [Pr=(C{sub 2}H{sub 5}CO{sub 2}){sup −1}] and [Dy{sub 2}(Bu){sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}] (4) [Bu=(C{sub 3}H{sub 7}CO{sub 2}){sup −1}] have similar di-nuclear structures. The Raman vibration modes of the complexes have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Four dysprosium (Dy) complexes with formate, propionate, butyrate and oxalate ligands have been synthesized and characterized. The Dy formato complex has a 3D pillared metal organic framework and the structure is stable up to 360 °C whilst the complexes with longer alkyl chained mono-carboxylates possess similar di-nuclear structures. The Dy oxalato complex has a 2D hexagonal (honeycomb-type) structure. Their Raman vibration modes have been investigated. - Highlights: • New Dysprosium complexes with formate, propionate, butyrate and oxalate ligands. • Crystal structures range from dimers to two and three dimensional frameworks. • Vibrational modes have been investigated and correlated to the structures. • The complexes are thermal robust and stable to over 300 °C.

  19. Dual responsive dysprosium-doped hydroxyapatite particles and toxicity reduction after functionalization with folic and glucuronic acids.

    PubMed

    Sánchez Lafarga, Ana Karen; Pacheco Moisés, Fermín P; Gurinov, Andrey; Ortiz, Genaro Gabriel; Carbajal Arízaga, Gregorio Guadalupe

    2015-03-01

    The development of probes for biomedical applications demands materials with low toxicity levels besides fluorescence or magnetic properties to be detected by confocal microscopes or MRI resonators. Several drug delivery systems or other biomedical materials prepared with hydroxyapatite have been proposed, however, toxicity effects might arise when the size of particles is nanometric. In this study, hydroxyapatite functionalized with glucuronic or folic acids presented lower oxidative stress, measured from lipoperoxides and nitric oxide indicators in rats than pure hydroxyapatite. In separated experiments, hydroxyapatite was doped with dysprosium cations by coprecipitation producing a single crystal phase with fluorescent properties easily visualized by confocal microscopy when excited at 488nm. These particles also presented the ability to modify the proton relaxation time in T1 maps collected by magnetic resonance imaging. These modified hydroxyapatite nanoparticles could be candidates to design bimodal probes with low toxicity.

  20. Nonlinear optical properties of lutetium and dysprosium bisphthalocyanines at 1550 nm with femto- and nanosecond pulse excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plekhanov, A. I.; Basova, T. V.; Parkhomenko, R. G.; Gürek, A. G.

    2017-02-01

    In this work, the nonlinear optical properties of unsubstituted lutetium (LuPc2) and dysprosium (DyPc2) bisphthalocyanines as well as octasubstituted Lu(PcR8)2 derivative with R=-S(C6H13) were studied at a wavelength of 1550 nm with 10 ns and 300 fs pulses. Based on Z-scan measurements the nonlinear absorption and refraction coefficient as well as the nature of nonlinear optical properties were analyzed for these materials. Open aperture Z-scan indicates strong two-photon absorption in all three bisphthalocyanines in nano- and femtosecond regimes. With good nonlinear optical coefficients, bisphthalocyanines of rare earth elements are expected to be promising materials for the creation of optical limiters.

  1. Limits on violations of Lorentz symmetry and the Einstein equivalence principle using radio-frequency spectroscopy of atomic dysprosium.

    PubMed

    Hohensee, M A; Leefer, N; Budker, D; Harabati, C; Dzuba, V A; Flambaum, V V

    2013-08-02

    We report a joint test of local Lorentz invariance and the Einstein equivalence principle for electrons, using long-term measurements of the transition frequency between two nearly degenerate states of atomic dysprosium. We present many-body calculations which demonstrate that the energy splitting of these states is particularly sensitive to violations of both special and general relativity. We limit Lorentz violation for electrons at the level of 10(-17), matching or improving the best laboratory and astrophysical limits by up to a factor of 10, and improve bounds on gravitational redshift anomalies for electrons by 2 orders of magnitude, to 10(-8). With some enhancements, our experiment may be sensitive to Lorentz violation at the level of 9 × 10(-20).

  2. Analysis of soft x-ray emission spectra of laser-produced dysprosium, erbium and thulium plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheil, John; Dunne, Padraig; Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Kos, Domagoj; Long, Elaine; Miyazaki, Takanori; O’Reilly, Fergal; O’Sullivan, Gerard; Sheridan, Paul; Suzuki, Chihiro; Sokell, Emma; White, Elgiva; Kilbane, Deirdre

    2017-03-01

    Soft x-ray emission spectra of dysprosium, erbium and thulium ions created in laser-produced plasmas were recorded with a flat-field grazing-incidence spectrometer in the 2.5–8 nm spectral range. The ions were produced using an Nd:YAG laser of 7 ns pulse duration and the spectra were recorded at various power densities. The experimental spectra were interpreted with the aid of the Cowan suite of atomic structure codes and the flexible atomic code. At wavelengths above 5.5 nm the spectra are dominated by overlapping n = 4 ‑ n = 4 unresolved transition arrays from adjacent ion stages. Below 6 nm, n = 4 ‑ n = 5 transitions also give rise to a series of interesting overlapping spectral features.

  3. An NCN-pincer ligand dysprosium single-ion magnet showing magnetic relaxation via the second excited state

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Yun-Nan; Ungur, Liviu; Granroth, Garrett E.; Powell, Annie K.; Wu, Chunji; Nagler, Stephen E.; Tang, Jinkui; Chibotaru, Liviu F.; Cui, Dongmei

    2014-01-01

    Single-molecule magnets are compounds that exhibit magnetic bistability purely of molecular origin. The control of anisotropy and suppression of quantum tunneling to obtain a comprehensive picture of the relaxation pathway manifold, is of utmost importance with the ultimate goal of slowing the relaxation dynamics within single-molecule magnets to facilitate their potential applications. Combined ab initio calculations and detailed magnetization dynamics studies reveal the unprecedented relaxation mediated via the second excited state within a new DyNCN system comprising a valence-localized carbon coordinated to a single dysprosium(III) ion. The essentially C2v symmetry of the DyIII ion results in a new relaxation mechanism, hitherto unknown for mononuclear DyIII complexes, opening new perspectives for means of enhancing the anisotropy contribution to the spin-relaxation barrier. PMID:24969218

  4. Fine-tuning terminal solvent ligands to rationally enhance the energy barrier in dinuclear dysprosium single-molecule magnets.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Kun; Yuan, Chen; Guo, Fu-Sheng; Zhang, Yi-Quan; Wang, Yao-Yu

    2016-12-20

    In search of simple approaches to rationally enhance the energy barriers in polynuclear dysprosium single-molecule magnets, a new system containing two structurally closely related dinuclear dysprosium complexes, namely [Dy2(L)2(DBM)2(DMF)2] (1) and [Dy2(L)2(DBM)2(DMA)2]·2DMA (2) (HDBM = dibenzoylmethane, H2L = 2-hydroxy-N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)benzohydrazide), is introduced and the structure-dependent magnetic properties are investigated. The two complexes display only slight variations in the coordination geometries of the Dy(iii) ion but display remarkably different magnetic behaviors. By replacing the DMF (dimethylformamide) ligand in complex 1 with DMA (dimethylacetamide) in 2 while retaining the same coordination atoms, we were able to create a 3-fold enhancement in the energy barrier, from 24 K for complex 1 to 77 K for complex 2. Complete-active-space self-consistent field (CASSCF) calculations revealed that the charge distribution surrounding the Dy(iii) centers in 1 and 2 is the key factor in determining the relaxation properties of the SMMs. The introduction of an electron-donating CH3 group in DMA to replace the hydrogen in DMF resulted in a larger average charge along the magnetic axes of complex 2 compared to complex 1, which resulted in a stronger easy-axis ligand field, thus increasing the energy difference between the ground and the first excited states of complex 2. This work presents a simple method to rationally enhance the energy barrier in polynuclear lanthanide SMMs through fine-tuning of the electrostatic potential of the atoms along the magnetic axis.

  5. Mononuclear and tetranuclear compounds of yttrium and dysprosium ligated by a salicylic schiff-base derivative: synthesis, photoluminescence, and magnetism.

    PubMed

    Yadav, Munendra; Mereacre, Valeriu; Lebedkin, Sergei; Kappes, Manfred M; Powell, Annie K; Roesky, Peter W

    2015-02-02

    The Schiff-base (2-aminoethyl)hydroxybenzoic acid (H(2)L) as a proligand was prepared in situ from 3-formylsalicylic acid and ethanolamine (ETA). The mononuclear {[Y(HL)(4)][ETAH]·H(2)O} (1) and {[Dy(HL)(4)] [ETAH]·3MeOH·H(2)O} (2) and tetranuclear {[Y(4)(HL)(2)(L)(4)(μ(3)-OH)(2)]·4MeOH·4H(2)O} (3), {[Dy4(HL)(2)(L)(4)(μ(3)-OH)(2)]·5(MeOH)(2)·7H(2)O (4), and {[Dy(4)(HL)(8)(L)(2)]·4MeOH·(2)H(2)O}(5) rare-earth metal complexes of this ligand could be obtained as single-crystalline materials by the treatment of H(2)L in the presence of the metal salts [Ln(NO(3))(3)·(H(2)O)m] (Ln = Y, Dy). In the solid state, the tetranuclear compounds 3 and 4 exhibit butterfly structures, whereas 5 adopts a rectangular arrangement. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry data of the ionic compounds 1 and 2 support single-crystal X-ray analysis. The yttrium compounds 1 and 3 show fluorescence with 11.5% and 13% quantum yield, respectively, whereas the quantum yield of the dysprosium complex 4 is low. Magnetic studies on the dysprosium compounds 4 and 5 suggest the presence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions between neighboring metal centers. Compound 4 shows single-molecule-magnet behavior with two relaxation processes, one with the effective energy barrier U(eff) = 84 K and the preexponential factor τ(0) = 5.1 × 10(-9) s.

  6. Lifetime measurements in 166Re: Collective versus magnetic rotation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, H. J.; Cederwall, B.; Doncel, M.; Peng, J.; Chen, Q. B.; Zhang, S. Q.; Zhao, P. W.; Meng, J.; Bäck, T.; Jakobsson, U.; Auranen, K.; Bönig, S.; Drummond, M.; Grahn, T.; Greenlees, P.; HerzáÅ, A.; Joss, D. T.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Konki, J.; Kröll, T.; Leino, M.; McPeake, C.; O'Donnell, D.; Page, R. D.; Pakarinen, J.; Partanen, J.; Peura, P.; Rahkila, P.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Sandzelius, M.; Sarén, J.; Sayǧı, B.; Scholey, C.; Sorri, J.; Stolze, S.; Taylor, M. J.; Thornthwaite, A.; Uusitalo, J.; Xiao, Z. G.

    2016-03-01

    Lifetimes of excited states in the neutron-deficient odd-odd nucleus 166Re have been measured for the first time using the recoil distance Doppler-shift method. The measured lifetime for the (8-) state; τ =480 (80) ps, enabled an assessment of the multipolarities of the γ rays depopulating this state. Information on electromagnetic transition strengths were deduced for the γ -ray transitions from the (9-),(10-), and (11-) states, and in the case of the (10-) and (11-) states limits on the B (M 1 ) and B (E 2 ) strengths were estimated. The results are compared with total Routhian surface predictions and semiclassical calculations. Tilted-axis cranking calculations based on a relativistic mean-field approach (TAC-RMF) have also been performed in order to test the possibility of magnetic rotation in the 166Re nucleus. While the TAC-RMF calculations predict a quadrupole-deformed nuclear shape with similar β2 deformation as obtained by using the TRS model, it was found that the experimental electromagnetic transition rates are in better agreement with a collective-rotational description.

  7. Dysprosium(III) hydroxide coprecipitation system for the separation and preconcentration of heavy metal contents of table salts and natural waters.

    PubMed

    Peker, Dondu Serpil Kacar; Turkoglu, Orhan; Soylak, Mustafa

    2007-05-08

    A procedure for the determination of trace amounts of Pb(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Mn(II) is described, that combines atomic absorption spectrometry-dysprosium hydroxide coprecipitation. The influences of analytical parameters including amount of dysprosium(III), centrifugation time, sample volume, etc. were investigated on the recoveries of analyte ions. The effects of concomitant ions were also examined. The recoveries of the analyte ions were in the range of 95.00-104.00%. The detection limits corresponding to three times the standard deviation of the blank for the analytes were in the range of 14.1-25.3 microg/L. The method was applied to the determination of lead, copper, nickel, cobalt, cadmium and manganese ions in natural waters and table salts good results were obtained (relative standard deviations <10%, recoveries >95%).

  8. The effects of the porous buffer layer and doping with dysprosium on internal stresses in the GaInP:Dy/por-GaAs/GaAs(100) heterostructures

    SciTech Connect

    Seredin, P. V.; Gordienko, N. N.; Glotov, A. V.; Zhurbina, I. A.; Domashevskaya, E. P.; Arsent'ev, I. N. Shishkov, M. V.

    2009-08-15

    In structures with a porous buffer layer, residual internal stresses caused by a mismatch between the crystal-lattice parameters of the epitaxial GaInP alloy and the GaAs substrate are redistributed to the porous layer that acts as a buffer and is conducive to disappearance of internal stresses. Doping of the epitaxial layer with dysprosium exerts a similar effect on the internal stresses in the film-substrate structure.

  9. On-line complexation/cloud point preconcentration for the sensitive determination of dysprosium in urine by flow injection inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Ortega, Claudia; Cerutti, Soledad; Olsina, Roberto A; Silva, María F; Martinez, Luis D

    2003-01-01

    An on-line dysprosium preconcentration and determination system based on the hyphenation of cloud point extraction (CPE) to flow injection analysis (FIA) associated with ICP-OES was studied. For the preconcentration of dysprosium, a Dy(III)-2-(5-bromo-2-pyridylazo)-5-diethylaminophenol complex was formed on-line at pH 9.22 in the presence of nonionic micelles of PONPE-7.5. The micellar system containing the complex was thermostated at 30 degrees C in order to promote phase separation, and the surfactant-rich phase was retained in a microcolumn packed with cotton at pH 9.2. The surfactant-rich phase was eluted with 4 mol L(-1) nitric acid at a flow rate of 1.5 mL min(-1), directly in the nebulizer of the plasma. An enhancement factor of 50 was obtained for the preconcentration of 50 mL of sample solution. The detection limit value for the preconcentration of 50 mL of aqueous solution of Dy was 0.03 microg L(-1). The precision for 10 replicate determinations at the 2.0 microg L(-1)Dy level was 2.2% relative standard deviation (RSD), calculated from the peak heights obtained. The calibration graph using the preconcentration system for dysprosium was linear with a correlation coefficient of 0.9994 at levels near the detection limits up to at least 100 microg L(-1). The method was successfully applied to the determination of dysprosium in urine.

  10. In vitro and in vivo dissolution behavior of a dysprosium lithium borate glass designed for the radiation synovectomy treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

    PubMed

    Conzone, Samuel D; Brown, Roger F; Day, Delbert E; Ehrhardt, Gary J

    2002-05-01

    Dysprosium lithium borate (DyLB) glass microspheres were investigated for use in the radiation synovectomy treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. In vitro testing focused on weight loss and cation dissolution from glass microspheres immersed in simulated synovial fluid (SSF) at 37 degrees C for up to 64 days. In vivo testing was performed by injecting glass microspheres into the stifle joints of Sprague-Dawley rats and monitoring the biodegradability of the microspheres and the tissue response within the joints. The DyLB microspheres reacted nonuniformly in SSF with the majority of lithium and boron being dissolved, whereas nearly all of the dysprosium (>99.7%) remained in the reacted microspheres. Because the DyLB glasses released negligible amounts of dysprosium while reacting with SSF, they are considered safe for radiation synovectomy from the standpoint of unwanted radiation release from the joint capsule. Furthermore, the DyLB microspheres fragmented, degraded, and reacted with body fluids while in the joints of rats without histologic evidence of joint damage.

  11. CD166 expression in dentigerous cyst, keratocystic odontogenic tumor and ameloblastoma

    PubMed Central

    Gorgizadeh, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Background CD166 is a glycoprotein of an immunoglobulin super family of adhesion molecules that has been associated with aggressive characteristics and high recurrence rate of tumors. Different odontogenic lesions exhibit considerable histological variation and different clinical behavior. In an attempt to clarify the mechanisms underlying this different behavior, the present study investigates the immunohistochemical expression of CD166 in these lesions. Material and Methods In this study 69 formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded tissue blocks of odontogenic lesion consist of 15 unicystic ameloblastoma (UA), 17 solid ameloblastoma (SA), 18 keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT), and 19 dentigerous cysts (DC) were reviewed by immunohistochemistry for CD166 staining. Results In this study, CD166 immune staining was evident in all specimen groups except dentigerous cyst. In positive cases, protein localization was cytoplasmic and/or membranous. CD166 expression was seen in76.5% (13) of SA, 73.5% (11) of UA, and 66.7% (12) of KCOTs. Statistical analysis showed that CD166 expression levels were significantly higher in ameloblastoma (SA and UA) and KCOTs than dentigerous cyst (P <0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between CD166 expression in the other groups (P>0.05). Conclusions This data demonstrates that overexpression of CD166 may have a role in the pathogenesis of ameloblastoma and KCOT. Key words:CD166, ameloblastoma, dentigerous cyst, odontogenic keratocyst. PMID:27398171

  12. A comparative study of the safety and efficacy of dysprosium-165 hydroxide macro-aggregate and yttrium-90 silicate colloid in radiation synovectomy--a multicentre double blind clinical trial. Australian Dysprosium Trial Group.

    PubMed

    Edmonds, J; Smart, R; Laurent, R; Butler, P; Brooks, P; Hoschl, R; Wiseman, J; George, S; Lovegrove, F; Warwick, A

    1994-10-01

    The aim of our study was to compare the safety and efficacy of a new preparation, Dysprosium-165 Hydroxide Macroaggregate (165Dy) with Yttrium-90 Silicate (90Y) for radiation synovectomy of the knee in patients with RA and OA. A multicentre double blind clinical trial with subjects randomized to receive 165Dy or 90Y was undertaken in Sydney, Melbourne and Perth. Seventy knees of 59 patients were studied, using as clinical end point measurements, pain in the knee on walking, pain in the knee at rest and stiffness in the knee after rest. Cytogenetic damage, knee retention and extra-articular spread of the radionuclide to regional lymph nodes, liver, urine and blood were evaluated. There was no significant difference in clinical response in the two treatment groups for either RA or OA. Chromosomal changes occurred with equal frequency and the knee retention and extra-articular leakage of radiocolloids to regional lymph nodes and liver were comparable in the two groups. For radiation synovectomy of the knee, 165Dy is at least as safe and as effective as 90Y and has the advantage of a short half-life (2.334 h) and hence requires a shorter period of post-injection immobilization and hospitalization.

  13. 46 CFR 166.10 - Course of study for engineering students.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Course of study for engineering students. 166.10 Section... AND APPROVAL OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.10 Course of study for engineering students. The course of study for engineering students shall include (a) all the instruction necessary to fully equip...

  14. 20 CFR 411.166 - Glossary of terms used in this subpart.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ....166 Section 411.166 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Suspension of Continuing Disability Reviews for Beneficiaries Who Are Using a Ticket... progress toward self-supporting employment means you have completed the specified goals of work...

  15. 40 CFR 166.22 - Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Agriculture and Governors of the States. 166.22 Section 166.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States. The Agency, in determining whether or not such emergency conditions exist, shall consult with the Secretary of Agriculture and...

  16. 25 CFR 166.901 - How will the BIA select an agriculture intern?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? 166.901... PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.901 How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? (a) The purpose of the agriculture intern program is to ensure the...

  17. 40 CFR 166.22 - Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Agriculture and Governors of the States. 166.22 Section 166.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States. The Agency, in determining whether or not such emergency conditions exist, shall consult with the Secretary of Agriculture and...

  18. 25 CFR 166.903 - How can I get an agriculture scholarship?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How can I get an agriculture scholarship? 166.903 Section... Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.903 How can I get an agriculture scholarship? (a) We may grant agriculture scholarships to Indians and Alaska Natives enrolled as...

  19. 25 CFR 166.901 - How will the BIA select an agriculture intern?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? 166.901... PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.901 How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? (a) The purpose of the agriculture intern program is to ensure the...

  20. 25 CFR 166.903 - How can I get an agriculture scholarship?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How can I get an agriculture scholarship? 166.903 Section... Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.903 How can I get an agriculture scholarship? (a) We may grant agriculture scholarships to Indians and Alaska Natives enrolled as...

  1. 25 CFR 166.901 - How will the BIA select an agriculture intern?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? 166.901... PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.901 How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? (a) The purpose of the agriculture intern program is to ensure the...

  2. 40 CFR 166.22 - Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Agriculture and Governors of the States. 166.22 Section 166.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States. The Agency, in determining whether or not such emergency conditions exist, shall consult with the Secretary of Agriculture and...

  3. 25 CFR 166.903 - How can I get an agriculture scholarship?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How can I get an agriculture scholarship? 166.903 Section... Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.903 How can I get an agriculture scholarship? (a) We may grant agriculture scholarships to Indians and Alaska Natives enrolled as...

  4. 40 CFR 166.22 - Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Agriculture and Governors of the States. 166.22 Section 166.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States. The Agency, in determining whether or not such emergency conditions exist, shall consult with the Secretary of Agriculture and...

  5. 25 CFR 166.903 - How can I get an agriculture scholarship?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true How can I get an agriculture scholarship? 166.903 Section... Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.903 How can I get an agriculture scholarship? (a) We may grant agriculture scholarships to Indians and Alaska Natives enrolled as...

  6. 40 CFR 166.22 - Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Agriculture and Governors of the States. 166.22 Section 166.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... Consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and Governors of the States. The Agency, in determining whether or not such emergency conditions exist, shall consult with the Secretary of Agriculture and...

  7. 25 CFR 166.903 - How can I get an agriculture scholarship?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How can I get an agriculture scholarship? 166.903 Section... Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.903 How can I get an agriculture scholarship? (a) We may grant agriculture scholarships to Indians and Alaska Natives enrolled as...

  8. 25 CFR 166.901 - How will the BIA select an agriculture intern?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? 166.901... PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.901 How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? (a) The purpose of the agriculture intern program is to ensure the...

  9. 25 CFR 166.901 - How will the BIA select an agriculture intern?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? 166.901... PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.901 How will the BIA select an agriculture intern? (a) The purpose of the agriculture intern program is to ensure the...

  10. 25 CFR 166.207 - What provisions will be contained in a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Numbers and types of livestock allowed; (e) Season(s) of use; (f) Grazing rental payment, payment schedule... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What provisions will be contained in a permit? 166.207 Section 166.207 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER...

  11. 25 CFR 166.207 - What provisions will be contained in a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) Numbers and types of livestock allowed; (e) Season(s) of use; (f) Grazing rental payment, payment schedule... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What provisions will be contained in a permit? 166.207 Section 166.207 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER...

  12. 25 CFR 166.207 - What provisions will be contained in a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) Numbers and types of livestock allowed; (e) Season(s) of use; (f) Grazing rental payment, payment schedule... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What provisions will be contained in a permit? 166.207 Section 166.207 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER...

  13. 25 CFR 166.207 - What provisions will be contained in a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) Numbers and types of livestock allowed; (e) Season(s) of use; (f) Grazing rental payment, payment schedule... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What provisions will be contained in a permit? 166.207 Section 166.207 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER...

  14. 25 CFR 166.207 - What provisions will be contained in a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) Numbers and types of livestock allowed; (e) Season(s) of use; (f) Grazing rental payment, payment schedule... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What provisions will be contained in a permit? 166.207 Section 166.207 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER...

  15. 46 CFR 166.10 - Course of study for engineering students.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Course of study for engineering students. 166.10 Section... AND APPROVAL OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.10 Course of study for engineering students. The course of study for engineering students shall include (a) all the instruction necessary to fully equip...

  16. 46 CFR 166.10 - Course of study for engineering students.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Course of study for engineering students. 166.10 Section... AND APPROVAL OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.10 Course of study for engineering students. The course of study for engineering students shall include (a) all the instruction necessary to fully equip...

  17. 46 CFR 166.10 - Course of study for engineering students.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Course of study for engineering students. 166.10 Section... AND APPROVAL OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.10 Course of study for engineering students. The course of study for engineering students shall include (a) all the instruction necessary to fully equip...

  18. 46 CFR 166.10 - Course of study for engineering students.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Course of study for engineering students. 166.10 Section... AND APPROVAL OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS § 166.10 Course of study for engineering students. The course of study for engineering students shall include (a) all the instruction necessary to fully equip...

  19. 25 CFR 1000.166 - What are the phases of the negotiation process?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What are the phases of the negotiation process? 1000.166...-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Negotiation Process for Annual Funding Agreements Negotiation of Initial Annual Funding Agreements § 1000.166 What are the phases of the negotiation process? There are two phases of...

  20. 25 CFR 1000.166 - What are the phases of the negotiation process?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are the phases of the negotiation process? 1000.166...-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Negotiation Process for Annual Funding Agreements Negotiation of Initial Annual Funding Agreements § 1000.166 What are the phases of the negotiation process? There are two phases of...

  1. 25 CFR 166.219 - How do I acquire a permit through negotiation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How do I acquire a permit through negotiation? 166.219... PERMITS Permit Requirements Obtaining A Permit § 166.219 How do I acquire a permit through negotiation? (a...) Upon the conclusion of negotiations with the Indian landowners or their representatives, and...

  2. 25 CFR 166.219 - How do I acquire a permit through negotiation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How do I acquire a permit through negotiation? 166.219... PERMITS Permit Requirements Obtaining A Permit § 166.219 How do I acquire a permit through negotiation? (a...) Upon the conclusion of negotiations with the Indian landowners or their representatives, and...

  3. 25 CFR 166.401 - How does the BIA establish grazing rental rates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How does the BIA establish grazing rental rates? 166.401 Section 166.401 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Rate Determination...

  4. 25 CFR 166.414 - What forms of grazing rental payments are acceptable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What forms of grazing rental payments are acceptable? 166... GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.414 What forms of grazing rental payments are acceptable? (a) When grazing rental payments are...

  5. 25 CFR 166.301 - How is Indian land for grazing purposes described?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How is Indian land for grazing purposes described? 166... GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.301 How is Indian land for grazing purposes described? Indian land for grazing purposes should be described by legal description (e.g., aliquot parts, metes...

  6. 25 CFR 166.414 - What forms of grazing rental payments are acceptable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What forms of grazing rental payments are acceptable? 166... GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Payments § 166.414 What forms of grazing rental payments are acceptable? (a) When grazing rental payments are...

  7. 25 CFR 166.401 - How does the BIA establish grazing rental rates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How does the BIA establish grazing rental rates? 166.401 Section 166.401 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Rental Rate Determination...

  8. 49 CFR 572.166 - Knees and knee impact test procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Knees and knee impact test procedure. 572.166... Hybrid III Six-Year-Old Weighted Child Test Dummy § 572.166 Knees and knee impact test procedure. The knee assembly is assembled and tested as specified in 49 CFR 572.126 (Subpart N)....

  9. 49 CFR 572.166 - Knees and knee impact test procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Knees and knee impact test procedure. 572.166... Hybrid III Six-Year-Old Weighted Child Test Dummy § 572.166 Knees and knee impact test procedure. The knee assembly is assembled and tested as specified in 49 CFR 572.126 (Subpart N)....

  10. 49 CFR 572.166 - Knees and knee impact test procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Knees and knee impact test procedure. 572.166... Hybrid III Six-Year-Old Weighted Child Test Dummy § 572.166 Knees and knee impact test procedure. The knee assembly is assembled and tested as specified in 49 CFR 572.126 (Subpart N)....

  11. 49 CFR 572.166 - Knees and knee impact test procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Knees and knee impact test procedure. 572.166... Hybrid III Six-Year-Old Weighted Child Test Dummy § 572.166 Knees and knee impact test procedure. The knee assembly is assembled and tested as specified in 49 CFR 572.126 (Subpart N)....

  12. 49 CFR 572.166 - Knees and knee impact test procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Knees and knee impact test procedure. 572.166... Hybrid III Six-Year-Old Weighted Child Test Dummy § 572.166 Knees and knee impact test procedure. The knee assembly is assembled and tested as specified in 49 CFR 572.126 (Subpart N)....

  13. 40 CFR 86.166-12 - Method for calculating emissions due to air conditioning leakage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... to air conditioning leakage. 86.166-12 Section 86.166-12 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY... for calculating emissions due to air conditioning leakage. This section describes procedures used...

  14. 38 CFR 17.166 - Dental services for hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. 17.166 Section 17.166 Pensions, Bonuses, and... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. Persons receiving hospital, nursing home, or... are professionally determined necessary to the patients' or members' overall hospital, nursing...

  15. 38 CFR 17.166 - Dental services for hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. 17.166 Section 17.166 Pensions, Bonuses, and... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. Persons receiving hospital, nursing home, or... are professionally determined necessary to the patients' or members' overall hospital, nursing...

  16. 38 CFR 17.166 - Dental services for hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. 17.166 Section 17.166 Pensions, Bonuses, and... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. Persons receiving hospital, nursing home, or... are professionally determined necessary to the patients' or members' overall hospital, nursing...

  17. 38 CFR 17.166 - Dental services for hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. 17.166 Section 17.166 Pensions, Bonuses, and... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. Persons receiving hospital, nursing home, or... are professionally determined necessary to the patients' or members' overall hospital, nursing...

  18. 38 CFR 17.166 - Dental services for hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. 17.166 Section 17.166 Pensions, Bonuses, and... hospital or nursing home patients and domiciled members. Persons receiving hospital, nursing home, or... are professionally determined necessary to the patients' or members' overall hospital, nursing...

  19. 18 CFR 16.6 - Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Federal and state resource agencies, state water quality and coastal zone management consistency... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act. 16.6 Section 16.6 Conservation of Power and Water...

  20. 18 CFR 16.6 - Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... agencies, state water quality and coastal zone management consistency certifying agencies, and Indian... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act. 16.6 Section 16.6 Conservation of Power and Water...

  1. 9 CFR 166.5 - Licensed garbage-treatment facility standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.5 Licensed... feeding of swine unless first cleaned and disinfected as set forth in § 166.14(b). (c) Untreated garbage that is not to be fed to swine and materials in association with such garbage shall be disposed of in...

  2. 9 CFR 166.5 - Licensed garbage-treatment facility standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.5 Licensed... feeding of swine unless first cleaned and disinfected as set forth in § 166.14(b). (c) Untreated garbage that is not to be fed to swine and materials in association with such garbage shall be disposed of in...

  3. 9 CFR 166.5 - Licensed garbage-treatment facility standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.5 Licensed... feeding of swine unless first cleaned and disinfected as set forth in § 166.14(b). (c) Untreated garbage that is not to be fed to swine and materials in association with such garbage shall be disposed of in...

  4. 25 CFR 166.102 - Do tribal laws apply to permits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... to permits of Indian land under the jurisdiction of the tribe enacting such laws, unless those tribal... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Do tribal laws apply to permits? 166.102 Section 166.102 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS...

  5. 40 CFR 415.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 415.166 Section 415.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS INORGANIC CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Sodium...

  6. 40 CFR 415.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 415.166 Section 415.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS INORGANIC CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Sodium...

  7. 40 CFR 415.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 415.166 Section 415.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS INORGANIC CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Sodium...

  8. 40 CFR 415.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 415.166 Section 415.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS INORGANIC CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Sodium...

  9. 40 CFR 415.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 415.166 Section 415.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS INORGANIC CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Sodium...

  10. 25 CFR 166.4 - What terms do I need to know?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What terms do I need to know? 166.4 Section 166.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Purpose, Scope, and... sold for commercial benefit; (2) Domestic livestock, including cattle, sheep, goats, horses,...

  11. 25 CFR 166.4 - What terms do I need to know?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What terms do I need to know? 166.4 Section 166.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Purpose, Scope, and... sold for commercial benefit; (2) Domestic livestock, including cattle, sheep, goats, horses,...

  12. 25 CFR 166.4 - What terms do I need to know?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What terms do I need to know? 166.4 Section 166.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Purpose, Scope, and... sold for commercial benefit; (2) Domestic livestock, including cattle, sheep, goats, horses,...

  13. 25 CFR 166.4 - What terms do I need to know?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What terms do I need to know? 166.4 Section 166.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Purpose, Scope, and... sold for commercial benefit; (2) Domestic livestock, including cattle, sheep, goats, horses,...

  14. 25 CFR 166.4 - What terms do I need to know?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What terms do I need to know? 166.4 Section 166.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Purpose, Scope, and... sold for commercial benefit; (2) Domestic livestock, including cattle, sheep, goats, horses,...

  15. 40 CFR 429.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 429.166 Section 429.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS (CONTINUED) TIMBER PRODUCTS PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY...

  16. 40 CFR 429.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 429.166 Section 429.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS TIMBER PRODUCTS PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Wood Furniture...

  17. 40 CFR 429.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 429.166 Section 429.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS (CONTINUED) TIMBER PRODUCTS PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY...

  18. 25 CFR 166.606 - What happens to a bond if a violation occurs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What happens to a bond if a violation occurs? 166.606 Section 166.606 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING... replacement bond of an appropriate amount....

  19. 25 CFR 166.703 - What happens if a permit violation occurs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What happens if a permit violation occurs? 166.703 Section 166.703 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING... based on facts known to us, we will provide written notice to the permittee and the sureties of...

  20. 25 CFR 166.306 - Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? 166.306 Section... Land and Operations Management § 166.306 Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? Yes. In consultation... capacity using the best evaluation method(s) relevant to the ecological region....

  1. 25 CFR 166.306 - Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? 166.306 Section... Land and Operations Management § 166.306 Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? Yes. In consultation... capacity using the best evaluation method(s) relevant to the ecological region....

  2. 25 CFR 166.306 - Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? 166.306 Section... Land and Operations Management § 166.306 Can the BIA adjust the grazing capacity? Yes. In consultation... capacity using the best evaluation method(s) relevant to the ecological region....

  3. 40 CFR 51.166 - Prevention of significant deterioration of air quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Prevention of significant deterioration of air quality. 51.166 Section 51.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS REQUIREMENTS FOR PREPARATION, ADOPTION, AND SUBMITTAL OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Review of New Sources and Modifications §...

  4. 40 CFR 429.166 - Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). 429.166 Section 429.166 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS TIMBER PRODUCTS PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Wood Furniture...

  5. 18 CFR 16.6 - Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... agencies, state water quality and coastal zone management consistency certifying agencies, and Indian... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act. 16.6 Section 16.6 Conservation of Power and Water...

  6. 18 CFR 16.6 - Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... agencies, state water quality and coastal zone management consistency certifying agencies, and Indian... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act. 16.6 Section 16.6 Conservation of Power and Water...

  7. 18 CFR 16.6 - Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... agencies, state water quality and coastal zone management consistency certifying agencies, and Indian... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notification procedures under section 15 of the Federal Power Act. 16.6 Section 16.6 Conservation of Power and Water...

  8. 17 CFR 1.66 - No-action positions with respect to floor traders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... respect to floor traders. 1.66 Section 1.66 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING... respect to floor traders. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a contract market submits to the National Futures Association by April 26, 1993 a list of floor traders who were granted...

  9. 17 CFR 1.66 - No-action positions with respect to floor traders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... respect to floor traders. 1.66 Section 1.66 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING... respect to floor traders. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a contract market submits to the National Futures Association by April 26, 1993 a list of floor traders who were granted...

  10. 17 CFR 1.66 - No-action positions with respect to floor traders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... respect to floor traders. 1.66 Section 1.66 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING... respect to floor traders. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a contract market submits to the National Futures Association by April 26, 1993 a list of floor traders who were granted...

  11. 17 CFR 1.66 - No-action positions with respect to floor traders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... respect to floor traders. 1.66 Section 1.66 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING... respect to floor traders. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a contract market submits to the National Futures Association by April 26, 1993 a list of floor traders who were granted...

  12. 17 CFR 1.66 - No-action positions with respect to floor traders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... respect to floor traders. 1.66 Section 1.66 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING... respect to floor traders. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a contract market submits to the National Futures Association by April 26, 1993 a list of floor traders who were granted...

  13. 20 CFR 411.166 - Glossary of terms used in this subpart.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ....166 Section 411.166 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF... ticket to an Employment Network (EN) or a State VR agency that has elected to serve you as an EN, and you... vocational school (see § 411.167), or completed a certain percentage of the work requirement and a...

  14. 20 CFR 411.166 - Glossary of terms used in this subpart.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ....166 Section 411.166 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF... ticket to an Employment Network (EN) or a State VR agency that has elected to serve you as an EN, and you... vocational school (see § 411.167), or completed a certain percentage of the work requirement and a...

  15. 20 CFR 411.166 - Glossary of terms used in this subpart.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ....166 Section 411.166 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF... ticket to an Employment Network (EN) or a State VR agency that has elected to serve you as an EN, and you... vocational school (see § 411.167), or completed a certain percentage of the work requirement and a...

  16. 20 CFR 411.166 - Glossary of terms used in this subpart.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ....166 Section 411.166 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF... ticket to an Employment Network (EN) or a State VR agency that has elected to serve you as an EN, and you... vocational school (see § 411.167), or completed a certain percentage of the work requirement and a...

  17. 25 CFR 166.314 - Can a permittee apply a conservation practice on permitted Indian land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a permittee apply a conservation practice on permitted Indian land? 166.314 Section 166.314 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management Conservation Practices and...

  18. 25 CFR 166.316 - Can a permittee construct improvements on permitted Indian land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a permittee construct improvements on permitted Indian land? 166.316 Section 166.316 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management Conservation Practices and Improvements §...

  19. Tetragonal to Cubic Transformation of SiO2-Stabilized ZrO2 Polymorph through Dysprosium Substitutions.

    PubMed

    Vasanthavel, Subramaniyan; Derby, Brian; Kannan, Sanjeevi

    2017-02-06

    Partially stabilized tetragonal zirconia (t-ZrO2) is of particular interest for hard tissue replacements. Aging-related failures of the ceramic associated with the gradual transformation from t-ZrO2 to m-ZrO2 (monoclinic zirconia) can lead to its premature removal from the implant site. In addition, monitoring the satisfactory performance of the implant throughout its lifespan without invasive techniques is a challenging task. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast ability of dysprosium (Dy(3+)) is well-established. To this aim, varied levels of Dy(3+) additions in the ZrO2-SiO2 binary oxide system were explored. The results indicate the effective role of Dy(3+) in the formation of thermally and mechanically stable c-ZrO2 (cubic zirconia) phase at higher temperatures. The presence of SiO2 influenced the t-ZrO2 stabilization, whereas Dy(3+) tends to occupy the ZrO2 lattice sites to induce c-ZrO2 transition. Magnetic and MRI tests displayed the commendable contrast ability of Dy(3+) stabilized ZrO2-SiO2 binary systems. Nanoindentation results demonstrate a remarkable enhancement of the mechanical properties.

  20. Phthalocyanine supported dinuclear Ln(III) complexes: the solvent-induced change of magnetic properties in dysprosium(iii) analogues.

    PubMed

    Ge, Jing-Yuan; Wang, Hai-Ying; Li, Jing; Xie, Jia-Ze; Song, You; Zuo, Jing-Lin

    2017-02-24

    Three dinuclear lanthanide complexes, [Ln2(thd)4Pc]·2C6H6 (Hthd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptanedione, Ln = Sm (1), Tb (2), Dy (3)), have been synthesized based on phthalocyanine (Pc). They can be reversibly transformed into [Ln2(thd)4Pc] (Ln = Sm (1'), Tb (2'), Dy (3')) via desolvation and resolvation of the lattice benzene molecules. This change generates dramatic influences on the structural and magnetic properties of the dysprosium analogue. In complex 3, one crystallographically independent metal center is observed, and it exhibits a single relaxation process of magnetization with an energy barrier of 55.7 K. Upon desolvation, the resulting complex 3' contains two types of metal centers, and shows the field-induced single-molecule magnetic behavior with two thermally activated magnetic relaxation processes. The anisotropy barriers for 3' are as high as 63.3 K and 109.6 K, respectively. This work confirms that the solvated molecules can finely tune the magnetic relaxation mechanisms.

  1. Steric structure and thermodynamic aspects of the complexes of dysprosium (III) with aminobenzoic acids in aqueous solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Kondrashina, Yu, G.; Mustafina, A.R.; Vul`fson, S.G.

    1994-10-01

    Steric structures of dysprosium (III) aminobenzoate complexes with the 1:1 and 1:2 molar ratio in aqueous solutions were determined on the basis of pH-metric and paramagnetic birefringence data. An increase in conjugation observed for the series of the acids, viz., benzoic, meta-, ortho-, and para-aminobenzoic acids, results in the increased stability of the complexes with the 1:1 and 1:2 composition. In the case of para-aminobenzoic acid, the polyhedra [DyL(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{sup 2+} and [DyL{sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{sup +} are cubes with the ligands coordinated to one and two edges, respectively. In the case of meta-aminobenzoic acid, the polyhedra [DyL(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{sup 2+} and [DyL{sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]{sup +} are a dodecahedron with the ligand coordinated to one edge and a square anti-prism with the ligands coordinated to two edges, respectively. In the case of ortho-aminobenzoic acid, both the 1:1 and 1:2 complexes have structures that are intermediate between the structures of meta- and para-aminobenzoic acids.

  2. The use of dysprosium to measure endogenous zinc excretion in feces eliminates the necessity of complete fecal collections.

    PubMed

    Miller, Leland V; Sheng, Xiao-Yang; Hambidge, K Michael; Westcott, Jamie E; Sian, Lei; Krebs, Nancy F

    2010-08-01

    The secretion of endogenous zinc (Zn) into the gut and subsequent excretion in the feces is understood to play a major role in maintaining Zn homeostasis in humans. Therefore, the measurement of endogenous Zn losses in the feces (EFZ) can be an important aspect of the study of Zn metabolism and homeostasis. The methods currently used to measure EFZ have the disadvantage of requiring complete fecal collections over multiple days. We have investigated the use of dysprosium (Dy), a nonabsorbable rare earth metal, in a method of determining EFZ that does not require complete fecal collections and permits the measurement of EFZ from several fecal samples. The method was evaluated using data from a study of free-living adult females in which Dy was administered 3-4 times/d over a period of 5 or 6 d to monitor completeness of fecal collections. The results did not differ from those obtained using an established isotope dilution method. We found that the measurement of the sample Dy:Zn ratio was useful for selecting samples for measurement. We conclude that the Dy method of determining EFZ is a valid and less burdensome alternative to current techniques.

  3. Isolation of 163Ho from dysprosium target material by HPLC for neutrino mass measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Mocko, Veronika; Taylor, Wayne  A.; Nortier, Francois M.; Engle, Jonathan  W.; Barnhart, Todd  E.; Nickles, Robert  J.; Pollington, Anthony  D.; Kunde, Gerd  J.; Rabin, Michael  W.; Birnbaum, Eva  R.

    2015-04-29

    The rare earth isotope 163Ho is of interest for neutrino mass measurements. This report describes the isolation of 163Ho from a proton-irradiated dysprosium target and its purification. A Dy metal target was irradiated with 16 MeV protons for 10 h. After target dissolution, 163Ho was separated from the bulk Dy via cation-exchange high performance liquid chromatography using 70 mmol dm–3 α-hydroxyisobutyric acid as the mobile phase. Subsequent purification of the collected Ho fraction was performed to remove the α-hydroxyisobutyrate chelating agent and to concentrate the Ho in a low ionic strength aqueous matrix. The final solution was characterized by MC-ICP-MS to determine the 163Ho/165Ho ratio, 163Ho and the residual Dy content. The HPLC purification process resulted in a decontamination factor 1.4E5 for Dy. As a result, the isolated Ho fraction contained 24.8 ±1.3 ng of 163Ho corresponding to holmium recovery of 72 ± 3%.

  4. On the effect of 4f electrons on the structural characteristics of lanthanide trihalides: computational and electron diffraction study of dysprosium trichloride.

    PubMed

    Lanza, Giuseppe; Varga, Zoltán; Kolonits, Maria; Hargittai, Magdolna

    2008-02-21

    The molecular and electronic structure of dysprosium trichloride, DyCl(3), was calculated by high-level quantum chemical methods in order to learn about the effect of the partially filled 4f subshell and of the possible spin-orbit coupling on them. High-temperature electron diffraction studies of DyCl(3) were also carried out so that we could compare the computed geometry with the experimental one, after thermal corrections on the latter. Dysprosium monochloride, DyCl, and the dimer of dysprosium trichloride, Dy(2)Cl(6), were also investigated by computation. We found that the electron configuration of the 4f subshell does not influence the geometry of the trichloride monomer molecule as the ground state and first excited state molecules have the same geometry. Nonetheless, taking the 4f electrons into account in the calculation, together with the 5s and 5p electrons, is important in order to get geometrical parameters consistent with the results from experiment. Based on electron diffraction and different levels of computation, the suggested equilibrium bond length (r(e)) of DyCl(3) is 2.443(14) A, while the thermal average distance (r(g)) from electron diffraction is 2.459(11) A. The molecule is trigonal planar in equilibrium. Although the ground electronic state splits due to spin-orbit coupling, the lowering of the total electronic energy is very small (about 0.025 hartree) and the geometrical parameters are not affected. In contrast with the monomeric trichloride molecule, the bond angles of the dimer seem to be different for different electronic states, indicating the influence of the 4f electronic configuration on their structure. We carried out an anharmonic analysis of the out-of-plane vibration of the trichloride monomer and found that the vibration is considerably anharmonic at 39.5 cm(-1), compared with the 30.5 cm(-1) harmonic value.

  5. A 3D MOF constructed from dysprosium(III) oxalate and capping ligands: ferromagnetic coupling and field-induced two-step magnetic relaxation.

    PubMed

    Liu, Cai-Ming; Zhang, De-Qing; Zhu, Dao-Ben

    2016-04-04

    A novel 3D MOF based on dysprosium(iii) oxalate and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), {[Dy(C2O4)1.5phen]·0.5H2O}n (1), has been hydrothermally synthesized. The Dy(3+) ion acts as a typical Y-shaped node, linking to each other to generate an interesting 3D topology structure. Complex 1 is the first 3D DyMOF displaying both ferromagnetic coupling and field-induced two-step magnetic relaxation.

  6. On Approaching the Limit of Molecular Magnetic Anisotropy: A Near-Perfect Pentagonal Bipyramidal Dysprosium(III) Single-Molecule Magnet.

    PubMed

    Ding, You-Song; Chilton, Nicholas F; Winpenny, Richard E P; Zheng, Yan-Zhen

    2016-12-23

    We report a monometallic dysprosium complex, [Dy(O(t) Bu)2 (py)5 ][BPh4 ] (5), that shows the largest effective energy barrier to magnetic relaxation of Ueff =1815(1) K. The massive magnetic anisotropy is due to bis-trans-disposed tert-butoxide ligands with weak equatorial pyridine donors, approaching proposed schemes for high-temperature single-molecule magnets (SMMs). The blocking temperature, TB  , is 14 K, defined by zero-field-cooled magnetization experiments, and is the largest for any monometallic complex and equal with the current record for [Tb2 N2 {N(SiMe3 )2 }4 (THF)2 ].

  7. Optical amplifier operating at 1.3 microns useful for telecommunications and based on dysprosium-doped metal chloride host materials

    DOEpatents

    Page, Ralph H.; Schaffers, Kathleen I.; Payne, Stephen A.; Krupke, William F.; Beach, Raymond J.

    1997-01-01

    Dysprosium-doped metal chloride materials offer laser properties advantageous for use as optical amplifiers in the 1.3 .mu.m telecommunications fiber optic network. The upper laser level is characterized by a millisecond lifetime, the host material possesses a moderately low refractive index, and the gain peak occurs near 1.31 .mu.m. Related halide materials, including bromides and iodides, are also useful. The Dy.sup.3+ -doped metal chlorides can be pumped with laser diodes and yield 1.3 .mu.m signal gain levels significantly beyond those currently available.

  8. Optical amplifier operating at 1.3 microns useful for telecommunications and based on dysprosium-doped metal chloride host materials

    DOEpatents

    Page, R.H.; Schaffers, K.I.; Payne, S.A.; Krupke, W.F.; Beach, R.J.

    1997-12-02

    Dysprosium-doped metal chloride materials offer laser properties advantageous for use as optical amplifiers in the 1.3 {micro}m telecommunications fiber optic network. The upper laser level is characterized by a millisecond lifetime, the host material possesses a moderately low refractive index, and the gain peak occurs near 1.31 {micro}m. Related halide materials, including bromides and iodides, are also useful. The Dy{sup 3+}-doped metal chlorides can be pumped with laser diodes and yield 1.3 {micro}m signal gain levels significantly beyond those currently available. 9 figs.

  9. 25 CFR 166.909 - What are my obligations to the BIA after I participate in an agriculture education program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... an agriculture education program? 166.909 Section 166.909 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.909 What are my obligations to the BIA after I participate in an...

  10. 25 CFR 166.909 - What are my obligations to the BIA after I participate in an agriculture education program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... an agriculture education program? 166.909 Section 166.909 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.909 What are my obligations to the BIA after I participate in an...

  11. 25 CFR 166.909 - What are my obligations to the BIA after I participate in an agriculture education program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... an agriculture education program? 166.909 Section 166.909 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.909 What are my obligations to the BIA after I participate in an...

  12. 25 CFR 166.909 - What are my obligations to the BIA after I participate in an agriculture education program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... an agriculture education program? 166.909 Section 166.909 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Agriculture Education, Education Assistance, Recruitment, and Training § 166.909 What are my obligations to the BIA after I participate in an...

  13. 25 CFR 166.200 - When is a permit needed to authorize possession of Indian land for grazing purposes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... land for grazing purposes? 166.200 Section 166.200 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements General Requirements § 166.200 When is a permit needed to authorize possession of Indian land for grazing purposes? (a) Unless otherwise provided for...

  14. 25 CFR 166.200 - When is a permit needed to authorize possession of Indian land for grazing purposes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... land for grazing purposes? 166.200 Section 166.200 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements General Requirements § 166.200 When is a permit needed to authorize possession of Indian land for grazing purposes? (a) Unless otherwise provided for...

  15. 25 CFR 166.101 - May individual Indian landowners exempt their land from certain tribal policies for permitting on...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.101 May individual Indian landowners exempt their land from certain... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May individual Indian landowners exempt their land from certain tribal policies for permitting on Indian agricultural lands? 166.101 Section 166.101...

  16. 25 CFR 166.100 - What special tribal policies will we apply to permitting on Indian agricultural lands?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... on Indian agricultural lands? 166.100 Section 166.100 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.100... approve a permit on “highly fractionated undivided heirship lands” as defined by tribal law. (c) The...

  17. 25 CFR 166.420 - Will any special fees be assessed on delinquent grazing rental payments due under a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... rental payments due under a permit? 166.420 Section 166.420 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Grazing Rental Rates, Payments, and Late Payment Collections Late Rental Payment Collections § 166.420 Will any special fees be assessed on delinquent...

  18. 25 CFR 166.303 - Can more than one parcel of Indian land be combined into one permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can more than one parcel of Indian land be combined into one permit? 166.303 Section 166.303 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.303 Can more than one parcel of...

  19. 25 CFR 166.309 - Who determines livestock class and livestock ownership requirements on permitted Indian land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who determines livestock class and livestock ownership requirements on permitted Indian land? 166.309 Section 166.309 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING PERMITS Land and Operations Management § 166.309 Who...

  20. Equation of state of zircon- and scheelite-type dysprosium orthovanadates: a combined experimental and theoretical study.

    PubMed

    Paszkowicz, Wojciech; Ermakova, Olga; López-Solano, Javier; Mujica, Andrés; Muñoz, Alfonso; Minikayev, Roman; Lathe, Christian; Gierlotka, Stanisław; Nikolaenko, Irina; Dabkowska, Hanna

    2014-01-15

    Dysprosium orthovanadate, DyVO4, belongs to a family of zircon-type orthovanadates showing a phase transition to scheelite-type structures at moderate pressures below 10 GPa. In the present study, the equations of state (EOSs) for both these phases were determined for the first time using high-pressure x-ray diffraction experiments and ab initio calculations based on the density functional theory. Structural parameters for scheelite-type DyVO4 were calculated from x-ray powder diffraction data as well. The high-pressure experiments were performed under pseudo-hydrostatic conditions at pressures up to 8.44 GPa and 5.5 GPa for the stable zircon-type and metastable (quenched) scheelite-type samples, respectively. Assuming as a compression model the Birch-Murnaghan EOS, we obtained the EOS parameters for both phases. The experimental bulk moduli (K0) for zircon-type and scheelite-type DyVO4 are 118(4) GPa and 153(6) GPa, respectively. Theoretical equations of state were determined by ab initio calculations using the PBE exchange-correlation energy functional of Perdew, Burke, and Ernzerhof. These calculations provide K0 values of 126.1 GPa and 142.9 GPa for zircon-type and scheelite-type DyVO4, respectively. The reliability of the present experimental and theoretical results is supported by (i) the consistency between the values yielded by the two methods (the discrepancy in K0 is as low as about 7% for each of the studied polymorphs) and (ii) their similarity to results obtained under similar compression conditions (hydrostatic or pseudo-hydrostatic) for other rare-earth orthovanadates, such as YVO4 and TbVO4.